Haydarabad State Under the Nizams, 1724-1948: A Bibliography of Monographic and Periodical Literature

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Haydarabad State Under the Nizams, 1724-1948: A Bibliography of Monographic and Periodical Literature

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HAYDARABAD STATE UNDER THE NIZAMS, 1724-1948 A BIBLIOGRAPHY OF MONOGRAPHIC AND PERIODICAL LITERATURE

BY OMAR KHALIDI

Aga Khan’ Librarian

Massachussetts

Institute of Technology

1985 Haydarabad Historical Society Wichita, Kansas USA

:

(c)

Omar Khalidi

Haydarabad

Historical

2462 Dalton Street

Wichita,

Kansas

USA

Society 67210

Monograph Series No.2

ISBN 0-930811-00-3. All rights

reserved

THE OONTENTS

BS0-263X Introduction Sosie 110-8

Acknowledgement

Abbreviations

and Titles

and Collection of Essays

of Periodicals

Historiography of Modern Haydarabad An Overview

II III

History of India and Medieval

General

Histories

Guides to Archives and General Remarks on the Historians and Historiography Works of Reference

20th Century

Politics

and Government

18th Century 19th Century

XII XIII

” XVIT

Dakan

of Modern Haydarabad

Economic Aspect General Works 18th Century 19th Century

VII VII

:

20th Century Barar Problem

Architecture & Urbanism Ethnic Studies Education Language and Literature Description and Travel

Arts

and Crafts

Numismatics Military History Historical Fiction

Addenda to All Sections

10 14 18 19 22 23 26 37 37 63 82 116 122 133 140 145 148 152 157 161 166 168

INTRODUCTION Scholarly research on subjects relating to Haydar— abad State under the Nizams (1/24-1948) is hindered due to a lack of bibliographic guidance. Useful biblio-

graphies of periodical and monographic literature on

India are generally and separately with In the absence of a Haydarabad State, a literature remains scholars,

available, but none deals adequately the history of moder Haydarabad. bibliography exclusively concerning bulk of monographic and periodical inaccessible to students, teachers,

or any interested

other areas of research,

reader.

As

in the

case

of

lack of adequate bibliographic

tools for the history of Haydarabad State has resulted

in needless

duplication

of research.

A desire

to fill

this gap prompted me to take up this project. This bibliography deals with articles and books on all aspects of the history of the Asaf Jahi Haydarabad. However, articles and books relating to the ancient or medieval history of the areas comprising the erstwhile Haydarabad State have been excluded, except in Chapter I. While most articles are from periodical publications,

items

from

festschrifts

ef essays are also included.

and other collection

Those articles that were

first published in journals and later included ina book form are not listed here. Except for a few entries, all the articles and books are in English. In the

case

of monographs,

the criterion

for

inclusion

was that a book should contain at least one chapter on Haydarabad. Administrative documents, such as departmental reports (issued annually) as well as findings of official commissions, and other state publications have also been included. Unpublished doctoral dissertations and some masters' theses submitted to the universities in Britain,

India,

personally

examined

been included. was

and the United

Most of the articles

and were related

reliance

Australia,

to ensure

that

to our subject.

placed merely

on the

and books were

they

have

in fact existed

In this connection no

titles

of the articles

and books or their inclusion in the various

indexes.

States

catalogs

or

The majority of books and journals were con-

sulted

at the

Andhra

Pradesh,

India Office

Library

and Records,

London,

especially for older works. Other major collections consulted include the library of State Archives of Asafiya

Jang Museum Library, all in Hyderabad.

(State

Central)

Library,

Salar

and the Osmania University Library,

Jawaharlal Nehru i

University Library, New Delhi; African Studies Library of the

School of Oriental and University of London;

the British (formerly MMuseum)

Chicago Library;

bridge,

Mass.,

Harvard University Libraries,

as well

public or private India

and overseas.

citations

Library, University of

as numerous

libraries, The

smaller

archives,

list,

academic,

or museums

of course

gathered by correspondence

Cam-

excludes

in

with individual

authors or works extracted through searches in standard

bibliographic

data-bases.

In so far as

tools

I have

and electronic

been able

computer

to locate,

most

books about Asaf Jahi Haydarabad published and cited by November 1984 have been included here. As more and more literature is produced in this area of Indian

history,

it is probable that this bibliography will

become dated.

and monographs

Readers will

looking for more recent articles

need

to consult

of Guide to Indian Periodical

the

Literature

latest

issues

(Social

Sciences and Humanities) New Delhi: Indian Documentation

Service, 1963Index India, Jaipur 1967, Biblioeal phy of Asian Studies. Ann Arbor, Mich., Index slamicus, and occasional articles in Itihas, Islamic Culture, Journal of Indian History,

and other publications ‘associated with Indian history or Asian

source

studies.

Unfortunately

for monographs

Books in Print valuable tool.

there

on Haydarabad;

(irregularly issued)

is no

however

single

Indian

is still a

ARRANGEMENT The bibliography has been given a broad subject organization. Under each subject, authors are listed alphabetically, and under authors, titles are arranged

in an alphabetical order by the first word/element; where the name of the author is not available, the

title of the article or monograph is interfiled with other authors. In order to prevent confusion between different formats of publication, the subject organization is subdivided into monographic and periodical literature. Most of the articles and monographs have annotated, except where the subject matter is obvious from the title. A list of the abbreviations of periodicals is also provided. The sample entries ii

given below will help explain the system being used here. SAMPLE ENTRIES a. MONOGRAPHS Fraser Hastings® 1829-92> Memoir and. correspopdence of General james es Atuart Fraser. London? Whiting; 1985¢ xvii, 483 James

S. Fraser,

Resident

at Haydarabad

1838-52!

EXPLANATION:

a. Name of author. b. Date of birth and death of the author. c. Title. d. Place of Publication. e. Publisher. f. Year of Publication. g. Pagination.

h.

Review.

i. Annotation. b.

Bawa,

Vasant

K?

Railway fee0-1883

ARTICLES

lar J

the Nizam's

TEsHR 2 (1968)" 307208,

$tate

EXPLANATION:

. Author. b. Title of the article. c. Abbreviation the journal; e.g. The Indian Economic and Social History

Review.

£. Pagination. NOTE:

It must,

d.

Volume

however,

be

mmber.

remembered

e.

that

Date/Year. all

of

the

standard bibliographic data elements may not be available in every case, especially with respect to the older books or books privately published. Sometimes the names

of the authors

are not available;

or the

place of publication is not given; the publisher's name does not appear anywhere in the book, and the date of publication is nowhere to be found. Reviews are

given where

available.

Transliteration

of Indian and

Islamic names conform to the style recommended by the

Encyclopedia of Islam and the Library of Congress. Haydaral

not Hyderabad. iii

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT In the compilation of this Bibliography

I have

benefited from the rigorous criticism of my father

Dr. Abunnasr Muhammad Khalidi,

ment

of History,

encouragement

project.

Osmania

formerly of the Depart-

University.

His

has been the major stimulus

consistent

to this

».

I only wish that I will be able to put to—

gether a similar book comprising primary sources for the history of medieval and modern Dakan in Persian and Urdu, something he has often urged me to do. On several

occasions,

useful discussion with Dr. Vasant Kumar

Bawa helped clarify issues and lacunae in the Dakani

history. I wish to acknowledge the skillful editorial assistance of Usama Khalidi. Other members of my family who have been helpful are Obaidullah & Kawsar

Zaid, Amer & Sarwat Khalidi, Urfi & Sarah Arif, Sultan & Fatima Mohiuddin. in London,

I cannot

and

For their warm hospitality

adequately

thank Habiba

& Murtaza

Ali Baig. Most of all, I gratefully acknowledge the help of my wife, Nigar Sultana, who despite her job, devoted innumerable hours to this project. Her share in the completion of this project is far more than she

realizes. Many authors, librarians, and the various institutions have been generous with

in answering my queries. thank all of them.

staff of their time

I take this opportunity

to

Although more than 1700 citations were extracted from nearly 240 periodicals, it would still be inappropriate to claim this compilation as exhaustive. Readers are encouraged

to send

complete

to my attention at the address

citations

of omissions

of the publisher.

iv

ABBREVIATIONS AND TITLES OF PERIODICALS AND COLLECTION OF ESSAYS AA

Asian Affairs.

AAG

Association of American Geographers. Proceedings of the Middle States Division.

AAR

Asiatic Annual

AARL

Asian and African Review.

AB

Art Bulletin.

AD

Architectural

ADH

Aspects of Deccan History. Ed. Vasant Kumar Bawa. Hyderabad: The Asian Insti-

tute,

AE

London,

1903-

Register.

London,

New York,

Digest.

1799-1810.

London, 1912-

Los Angeles,

1920-

1975.

The American Ethnologist.

1974-

Washington, (Bp.

!

AHR

American Historical

AHRS

Andhra Historical Research Society. Rajahmundry, 1926-

AL

Ancient India.

AIAJ

American Institute New York, 1944—

of Architects.

AIOC

All India Oriental and Transactions.

Conference. 1920-

AIWR

Arabia,

AJ

Asiatic Journal and Monthly Miscellany.

AJIL

American Journal of International Washington, D.C., 1907-

1895-

1981-

London,

the

Review.

New Delhi,

Islamic

|

Washington,D.C.,

Journal.

1946-65. Journal. Proceedings

World Review.

London,

1816-45.

Law.

.

BR

AJS

American Journal

of Sociology.

1895-

Ajia Keizai

(in Japanese).

Arts and Letters London,

1925-63.

Sciences

Medicine)

Calcutta,

1785-86.

(Special Number on the History of

Hyderabad.

New Haven,

CT.,

Andhra Pradesh.

Society.

Hyderabad,

Andhra Pradesh Journal Hyderabad, 1979Washington,

Journal.

1843-

American Political APSS

1960-

of the Academy of Medical

American Oriental

APJA

Tokyo,

or Indian Arts and Letters.

Asiatick Miscellany. Proceedings

Chicago,

D.C.,

1956-

of Archeology.

Science Review.

1906-

American Academy of Political

and Social

Africa

Quarterly.

1961-

Asiatic

Review.

Sciences.

Philadelphia,

New Delhi, London,

Asiatic Researches, by New Delhi:

1891-

Cosmo,

1891-1964.

1798-1839. 1980.

Asian Survey.

Berkeley,

Administrative

Science

CA., Review.

Reprinted 1961Dhaka,

1967-

Asian Student. AV

Artha Vijnana.

Aliyan

The Aliyan, Hyderabad.

(in English),

Journal

Poona,

1959-

of the Madarsa-i Aliya,

American Anthropologist.

1888-

American Archivist. Apollo.

London,

Washinton,

Chicago,

D.C.

1938-

1925-

Archives. The Journal of the British Records Association. London, 1949Annual Report of the Archeological Department of Hyderabad State. Hyderabad, 1915ArE

Art East.

London.

Art Jr.

Art Journal.

Ceased with the publi-

cation of the first and only issue in 1982.

British Book News.

London,

Building Design.

London,

19401970-

Bulletin of the Deccan College Research Institute.

Poona,

Transactions

Society.

1939-

of the Bombay Geographical

Bombay,

1836-73.

Burlington Magazine.

London,

Blackwoods

Edinburgh,

1817-

Magazine.

British Numismatic

Annals

Journal.

1903Scotland,

London,

1904-

of the Bhandarkar Oriental Research

Institute.

Poona,

1919-

Bengal Past and Present.

Calcutta,

1907-

Behavioral Science and Commmity Develop-

ment.

Hyderabad,

1967-

Bulletin of the School of Oriental

African

Studies.

London,

Bombay University Journal. vil

1917-

Bombay,

and 1932-

Business Week.

Banker's Magazine.

London,

Booklist.

1905-

Comparative

an Yearbook.

Criticism,

Cambridge,

England.

Chaderghat

College Magazine,

Historical

Contributions

New Delhi,

Country Life.

1953-68.

1979-

Hyderabad.

Journal.

Calcutta,

to Indian Sociology. London,

1897-

Coins

and Medals.

London,

Civil

and Military

Gazette.

Contemporary

Poets.

The Calcutta

Review.

1966-

3

1844—

London,

1976-

g22 28

Chicago,

1929-

Central Asian Review.

Calcutta

cIs

New York,

1964~ Lahore,

London:

Macmillans,

Calcutta,

1842-

Comparative Studies in Society and History.

Cambridge,

England,

1959-

Capital

Capital.

Calcutta,

1888-

Choice

Choice.

Middletown,

CT.,

Clarion

Clarion.

Hyderabad,

1964—

1947-48.

Dictionary of American Biography. New York, Deccan

Scribner,

Chronicle.

Deccan Geographer. viii

10v.

1964—

Secunderabad, Secunderabad,

AP, AP,

19381962-

First Deccan History Conference.

dings. DI

Hyderabad.

Der Islam.

Procee—

1945.

Berlin,

1910-

Dictionary of [British] National Biography ... From the Earliest Times to 1900. London: Oxford University Press, 1900-

1922.

28v.

Dawn. Design

Dial

Supplements:

Karachi,

Design.

1901-

1947-

New Delhi,

Dial.

1957-

1880-1923.

Economic Weekly.

Bombay,

1949-

English Historical Review. Essex, England, 1886Encyclopedia of Islam.

Leiden,

Netherlands,

Epigraphica

New Edition.

19607

Indo-Moslemica.

Encyclopedia

Iranica.

& Kegan Paul, 1982Economic

Harlow,

Journal.

New Delhi,

London:

London,

Routledge

1891-

Essays in Indian Modern History. Ed.

B.R.

Nanda.

sity Press,

New Delhi:

1980.

Oxford Univer-

Economic and Political Weekly.

1966-

Empire

Review.

Bombay,

London.

Empire Review Magazine.

London.

Elites in South Asia. Ed. E.R. Leach and S.N. Mukherji. London: Cambridge University Press, 1970. ix

Economic Times.

Bombay,

Eastern Times.

Eve's Weekly.

Lahore,

Bombay,

1947-

Eastern World.

London,

East

Bombay,

and West.

Economist

Economist.

Ed.

Edinburgh Review.

Edinburgh,

Ekisticks

Ekistics.

Greece,

Ethics

Ethics.

R.

London,

1947-71

1802-1929.

Athens,

Chicago,

Far Eastern

Fotografia Family,

in India.

Scotland,

1955-

1890-

Economic

Review.

Italiana.

Milan,

1946-

FI

1843-

Hong Kong,

Italy,

Kinship and Marriage Among Muslims Ed.

Imtiaz Ahmad.

South Asia Books,

1976.

The Fortnightly Review. After 1934,

New Delhi:

London, 1865-1954.

called Fortnightly.

Studies in the Foreign Relations of India:

Sherwani

Felicitation

Joshi and M.A. Nayeem. Government Feminist GBE

GIP

of Andhra

Studies.

Volume.

Ed.

Pradesh,

1975.

Hyderabad:

College

Great

Britain and the East.

Great

Camera.

1911-25.

The Growth of Indian Press. Calcutta:

1967.

Institute

P.M.

Park,

MD.,

1972-

London,

Ed.

of Historical

S.P.

Sen.

Studies,

The Gentleman's Magazine. 1731-1907.

London,

Geographical Review of India. 1910Geographical Magazine. Guardian

Guardian.

London,

London,

HBIL

Society.

1916-20.

Studies,

Harpers Magazine. Henry Martyn

Bulletin.

1979.

New York,

School

History:

Patna,

Reviews

1972-

History Today. Historian.

London,

Indian Archives.

Faisal

Washington,

1923-

1951NM.,

New Delhi,

Architecture

19381947-

and Urbanism,

an

Seminar held at the King

University,

Proceedings

1900-54.

New Delhi,

Albuquerque,

International

Aligarh,

of New Books.

Hindustan Times.

Islamic

Studies.

Also Henry Martyn Institute of

Hindustan Review.

D.C.,

1850-

of Islamic

Islamic Studies. Bulletin, Lucknow, Hyderabad

IAnt

Journal.

Historical Biography in Indian Literature. Ed. S.P. Sen. Calcutta: Institute of Historical

HMSIS

1935-

1822-

Hyderabad Archeological

Hyderabad,

Calcutta,

Damam,

Saudi

under Publication.

Arabia.

The Indian Antiquary: A Journal of Oriental Research. Bombay, 1872-1933, 1938-47. Indian Architect.

xi

New Delhi,

IBC

Indian Books Chronicle.

IBNS

International

U.S.A.

Banknote Society of the

Boystown,

NE.,

IBR

Indo-British

Review.

Ic

Islamic

ICSSR/RAQ

Indian Council for Social Science Research/

Culture.

Madras,

1968-

Hyderabad,

(Sociology)

Research Abstracts

IE

The Indian Express.

IEF

Indian and Foreign Review.

1972-

1927-

Quarterly.

New Delhi,

Hyderabad,

19

New Delhi,

1963-

IER

Indian Empire Review.

TESHR

The Indian Economic and Social History

IG

Indian Geographer.

IGJ

Indian Geographical Journal. 1926-40.

THCP

Indian History Congress.

Review.

New Delhi,

London,

1932-

1963-

New Delhi,

1935-

1957-

Madras,

Proceedings,

THM

Indian Institute of History of Medicine. Bulletin. Hyderabad, 1963-

IHR

Indian Historical

THRC

Indian Historical Records Commission Proceedings. New Delhi, 1919-

II

Indo-Iranica.

Calcutta,

IJE

Indian Journal

of Economics.

IJPA

Indian Journal of Public Administration. New Delhi, 1955-

1916-

xii

Review.

New Delhi,

1974—

1946Allahabad,

IJPS

Indian Journal

Lucknow,

of Political

1939-

Science.

IJSW

Indian Journal of Social Work.

IL

Indian Linguistics.

1940-

uistic

Society

Journal of the Ling-

of India.

The Illustrated London TLit

Bombay,

Indian Literature. India Magazine.

Pune,

News.

London,

New Delhi,

1957-

New Delhi,

India News.

InAff

International Affairs.

London,

InR

Indian Review.

1900-

IPP

Washington,

Madras,

international

India's

D.C.,

Organization.

1947-

Preferential

19621922-

Madison,

Politics:

WI.,

Migrants,

the Middle Class,

and Ethnic Equality.

India Quarterly.

New Delhi,

Chicago:University of Chicago Press,

IQ

1842-

1979-

IN

Io

1931-

Islamic India,

1945-

Review.

London,

1913-

Regional

Studies.

Ed.

Calcutta:

Indian National

Geography,

1968.

1981.

R.L.

Committee

Singh.

for

Is

International

ISA

Islam in Southern Asia: A Survey of Current Research. Ed. Dietmar Rothermund.

Heidelberg,

Studies.

Germany,

New Delhi,

1975.

ISF

Indian States Forces Annual.

IT

Itihas.

Hyderabad,

xiii

1973-

1959-

Critical ish.

Essays on Indian Writing Desai,

and G.S.

The Illustrated Weekly of India.

Bombay,

Amur.

Ed.

M.K.

Dharwar:

Naik,

S.K.

in Engl-

Karnatak University,

1880-

Imprint.

Bombay, Bombay,

1968.

1961-

Indica

Indica.

1964-

JA

Journal Asiatique.

JAAS

Journal of Asian and African Studies. Leiden, 1966-

Paris,

1822-

Journal

of Asian History.

Wiesbaden,

JAS

Journal

of Asian

Ann Arbor,

JASB

Journal of (the Royal) Asiatic Society of

W. Germany. 1956-

Bengal.

1967-

Calcutta,

Studies.

MI.,

1832-

Journal

of Bihar Research

Journal

of Deccan History and Culture.

1915-

Society.

Patna,

Hyderabad,

JHGS

Journal of the Hyderabad Geological Hyderabad,

JICH

Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History.

London,

1972-

JIE

Journal

of

JIH

Journal

of Indian History.

JIT

Journal

of the

1975~ 1921-

London,

Indian

Education.

Institute

New Delhi, Trivandrum,

of Transport.

Journal of Marriage and Family.

CA., 1975-

Survey.

Upland,

Journal

of the Madras

University.

Punjab University Historical Journal.

Lahore,

Jomen-Report.

Journal

Great

Society.

1931-

Tubingen,

W.

Germany,

of the Royal Asiatic

Britain and

1983-

Society of

Ireland.

London,

JRSP

Research Society of Pakistan. Lahore,

Jeffrey

People,

Princes

Madras,

1834-

Journal.

and Politics

in the Indian

Princely States. Ed. Robin Jeffrey. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1978. Karnataka Kirkus

Historical

Reviews.

Review.

New York,

1931-

1933-

KSINA

Kratkie

KTA

Karnataka Through the Ages. Ed. R.R. Diwakar et al. Bangalore: Government of

Azii

[In Russian]

Mysore, Kliatt

Kliatt 1967-

Soobshcheniya

Dharwar,

Instituta narodov

1968.

Paperbooks Guide.

Library Journal. Law Quarterly

New York,

Review.

Life

Life.

Chicago,

Link

Link.

New Delhi,

Newton,

MCI

Collector.

1958-

Vikas,

xv

Cambridge,

Widwood

Million Cities of India.

New Delhi:

1885-

1936-

1967-

1950-

1876-

London,

Modern Asian Studies. Medal

MA.,

1978.

Crest,

England, NJ.,

Ed. R.P. Misra.

The Middle

1947-

East Journal.

Washington,

Mysore Economic Review.

Bangalore,

Middle

London,

1949-

Eastern

Studies.

Military Historical

Society.

1951-

Studies

in Modern Indian History:

India —

Medieval

India Quarterly.

1969-

1964—

A Regional

Calcutta: 1969.

Medieval

1915-49,

Bulletin.

London,

Survey., Ed. S.P. Sen. of Historical Studies,

D.C.,

Institute-

A Miscellany.

Aligarh,

Aligarh,

1950-

Madras Journal of Literature and Science. Madras, 1833-94. ‘

The Macmillan's Magazine. Morning

News.

Karachi,

London, 1942-

Nawab Mehdi Nawaz Jung Memorial

Hyderabad,

1970.

Modern Review,

Calcutta,

Mensch und Staat

1859-

Volume.

|

1907-

in Recht

und Geschichte.

Festschrift fiir Herbert Kraus. Kitzingen, Main, W. Germany.: Holzner-Verlag, 1954.

The Quarterly Journal of the Mythic Madras, Bangalore, 1909Marathawada

bad,

1960-

University

Journal.

Muslim World.

Hartford,

Muslim World

Book Review.

England,

1981-

xvi

CT.,

Society.

Auranga-

1911-

Leicester,

MMYIP

Muslim Yearbook of India and Pakistan. Bombay, 1948-49.

Man. London, Marg.

1901-

Bombay,

Message

Message.

Muslim

Muslim Peoples:

Peoples

Survey.

CT.:

1947-

London, A World Ethnographic

Ed. Richard V. Weekes.

Greenwood

Press,

Westport,

1978.

The Nineteenth Century. London, 18771900. From 1901-50 called the Nineteenth Century and After.

NCirc

New Circle.

ARRBARR HS

Numismatic Digest.

NSI

New Era.

Bombay,

Hyderabad,

Near East and India. New English Review. Numismatic Notes

London, London,

International.

and Queries.

New Quest.

1977-

London, London,

Numismatic Society Banaras, 1910New York University

1924-

1849-

1883-1960. 1913-

of India.

New York, xvii

Journal.

Law Review.

Review of Books New York. New York Times.

TX.,

1977-

National Review. New Statesman.

1930Dallas,

London,

Poona,

1925-35.

New York,

New York, 1851-

1963-

Namaste

Namaste.

New Delhi,

Nature.

London,

Newsweek. Nova.

New York,

London,

Numismatist.

1933-

1955Baltimore,

Oriental Art.

Richmond,

1955-

Once

1869-

a Week.

London,

MD.,

1888-

Surrey,

England.

1859-80.

Oriental Herald and Journal of General Literature. London, 1824-29. Overseas Hindustan Times. OL

Orientalistischen

E. Germany,

1878-

Literaturzeitung,

Osmania Magazine. ONSN

Hyderabad.

Oriental Numismatic Reading,

Journal

bad, 19

Overseas.

Ed. J.V. Ferreira and Popular Prakashan, 1976.

Hong Kong,

London, London,

1970-

1898-1928. 1915-

Photography Annual.

New York,

Pakistan Historical Society.

Karachi,

Hydera-

New Delhi, 1947~

Orientations.

Outlook.

Berlin,

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Organizer.

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This was the Sardar. Ed. G.M. Nandurkar. Allahabad: S.V.P. Smarak Bhavan, 1974.

HISTORIOGRAPHY OF MODERN HAYDARABAD: AN OVERVIEW

Despite the large size, population and economic resources of the erstwhile state of Haydarabad, there have been few serious studies devoted to any aspect of the

region.

Two reasons

account

for this neglect.

is the north Indian bias of most historians

regardless of their ideological orientations. is the negative

of India

image of the former princely

One

The other

states held

by politicians, scholars and administrators, although Haydarabad did stand apart from other princely states

in

many respects, one of which was its quiet but persistent opposition to British rule. The neglect of Haydarabad studies stares you in the face when you consider the fact that the former state had done pioneering work in public education and was ahead of, or contemporary with, other parts of India in the process of modernizing governmental

institutions.

The state of Haydarabad came into being in the wake

of the political fragmentation that occurred throughout

India following the death of Awrangzib Alamgir, the last of the great Mughul emperors, in 1707. Virtually independent kingdoms were set up early in the 18th century

by Muslim

governors

and Maratha

leaders

in western,

southern and central India, although many of them maintained nominal allegiance to the Mughul "emperor" in Dihli. Among the most powerful of these Muslim rulers were the Nizams of Haydarabad. The founder of this state was Mir Qamar al-Din Khan better known by his titles Asaf Jah I and Nizam al-Mulk I. Despairing of reforms

at the decadent

Mughul

court

in Dihli,

Asaf Jah

set out for the Dakan to save this province from the encroachment of the Marathas and other refractory chiefs. In 1724,

Asaf

Jah defeated

the

last Mughul

governor

of

the Dakan and laid the foundation of the Haydarabad State, presiding over its destiny for well over a quarter century. His death in 1748 resulted in a struggle for power between his sons and a nephew complicated by the involvement of the Marathas, the English,

and the French. political

During several decades of shifting

and military

Haydarabad experienced and

survived unequal

alliances,

several

treaties

conflict

territorial

to emerge

and war,

truncations

as the

Indian state at the dawn of the 19th century.

largest

The state

ceased to exist in 1948 when it was absorbed newly independent Indian Union. one

On the paucity of historical

influential

British

historian

studies says

into the

of Haydarabad,

"the historian of India is bound by the

nature of things to direct his attention primarily

to the north,

and

is able

to

give only a secondary place to the story of the Deccan and the far south."1 The gross

imbalance

of the north and those

between the historical

studies

of the south has not been re—

dressed yet. Apparently the attitudes that discouraged scholarly pursuits on this area still persist. Historically,

the

Indian

princely

states were held

tempt by the Indian nationalists,

nists, and even They considered

commmalists,

in con-

comm-

the British colonial administrators. the states unworthy of serious scholarly

attention for a variety of reasons. The British colonialists regarded the states as breakwaters against the

nationalist storm, and as a necessary evil that had be tolerated in order to preserve British rule in India.

This attitude was particularly dominant after the "yevolt'' of 1857. The nationalists viewed the Indian states in equally if not more negative fashion. These states were regarded as an ummecessary evil and seen as strongholds of reaction and as props of the British Raj.

This view was articulated by Jawaharlal Nehru in his

books and is shared by Marxist historians. The prejudice against the Indian states has persisted even after Independence. As recently as 1980, a prominent historian, S. Gopal, charged that -"'the only purpose [ of the Indian states ] was to serve as supports of the British power..."2 The communalists and the traditionalists view the reign of the Nizams as an extension of the medieval Muslim rule in the rest of India, which allegedly oppressed the Hindu population, destroying temples, forcing religious conversions, excluding the majority from political participation, so on and so forth. Given these biases,

it is not surprising that few

scholars

have

devoted

themselves

to the

study

of

Indian

states even after Independence. The few studies that have been made concentrate on two themes: The relations

of the states with the paramount power and the evolution of the people's (or freedom") movement within

these states. None of the historians, from the colonialists to the comumalists, ever paid attention to the fact that the Indian states, particularly Haydarabad,

were maintaining a continuity with the Indian adminis-

trative policies,

practices and cultural traditions

which had been changed beyond recognition in colonial India. Haydarabad State, whatever its many shortcomings — was the first state to separate the judiciary from the executive. It was also one of the first states to

establish a university whose medium of instruction was an Indian language. Indeed, it represented the only institutionalized challenge to Macaulayism in pre-

independence

India.

At least two of its Diwans— Salar

Jang I in the 19th century and Akbar Haydari in the 20th — were more than a match for their counterparts in

British India.

of the British

of the concept

had

threatened

Far from being an uncritical

raj,

Haydarabad

of paramountcy. to deport

was

the

supporter

leading

critic

No wonder that a viceroy

Salar Jang

I, and Lord Reading

had similarly warned Nizam Osman Ali Khan of deposition over the demand for the return of the Barar province to Haydarabad.

The commmalists/traditionalists

have defined and analy-

zed the conflict between Hindu and Muslim elites in Haydarabad in exclusively religious terms. The fact, however,

was

that Maratha

Brahmans,

Kayasthas

and the

the rural

adminis-

Khatris were prominent in administration; Hindu moneylenders and bankers of Rajasthani or Gujarati origin

dominated

the

financial

sphere,

and

trative structure remained firmly in the Hindu hands. The Muslims occupied the more visible and the ceremonial symbols of political power and held a dominant position in the amy, police and some sections of bureaucracy. However, the more important sources of income were for

the most part a Hindu domain. tionalist

perspective

also

The commmalist/tradi-

ignoreStwo

other

facts:

the

multi-religious composition of the main adversaries of the Nizams— the Marathas. Arab mercenaries from Hadramawt in South Arabia and European and Eurasian adventurers were an important and sometimes a crucial xxviii

part of the Maratha armies.

Pathan

gunners

as well.

Some of these armies had

Secondly,

disregarded the relative commmal

the commmalists

have

harmony that prevailed

in the state, especially at the grass-roots level. It is unfortunate that this parochial tendency in historiography has gone uncorrected several decades after

Independence.

A glaring example of this tendency is the

exclusion of the Nizams and the two Salar Jangs from the Dictionary, of National Biography compiled by S.P. Sen.3

ven fact it some nonentities from Haydarabad are included in this compilation, the exclusion of Salar Jang I and II, for example, seems hardly accidental.

Apart from these prejudiced historians, some scholars have been excessively preoccupied with wars and

battles,

intrigues

or diplomacy.

The result

is a simple

chronological narrative with pages after pages of a tortuous procession of names and dates. Until scholars

of Dakani studies take up studies of the interplay of the political, economic, social and cultural forces and

influences, and the issues they raised, our understanding of Haydarabad State will remain limited. In the last few years some foreign scholars have done work on aspects of the Dakan history. But given their ethnocentric bias and the necessarily limited understanding of Indian history, their writings have marginal value. The

Western

scholarship

calls for derived by applied to can learn

raises

an answer: the social the Indian from these

and comparative Clearly,

an important

question which

How can the generalized concepts sciences from work in the West be society? Still Indian historians scholars in terms of methodology

approach.

then,

there

is a need

for a history

Haydarabad based primarily on documents

available

of

in the

archives at Haydarabad, Bombay, Madras, Bangalore, New Delhi, Pondicherry and London, supplemented with maximum

utilization of published and unpublished documents Persian,

Marathi,

French and English

centuries) and Urdu, and 20th centuries.

(for the

Telugu, and Kannada for the 19th Although most Indian authors of

history have been untrained historians,

they provide a

wealth of information not found elsewhere

colonial historians.

18th

in

or ignored by

These may be supplemented with

material available in other languages. When this is done, the historians of Haydarabad would have saved

Haydarabad history from more than two centuries of ravages inflicted upon it by colonial officials, Christian missionaries, nationalist and commmalist historians, irresponsible journalists and uninformed native and foreign scholars. NOTES

1. Vincent Arthur Smith.

3rd ed. Ed.by T.G.P.

Press,

1958)

The Oxford Hist

of India.

Spear (Oxford: Oetord University

2. S. Gopal in Indian Historical Review 4 (January 1978), 554. 3. gigtionary of National prography

1972-74)

cutta:

Institute

of

4 v. Ed. by

Historical

Research,

HISTORY

OF INDIA AND

“MEDIEVAL DAKAN An attempt

to understand

Haydarabad

history

obviously calls for sufficient knowledge of the history of India in general and of medieval Dakan in particular. Fortunately we have some well-researched histories in this

respect.

A perusal

of the

following works

is

essential before embarking on the study of modern Haydarabad.

1. Alavi,

Rafi Ahmad. Studies in the history of medieval Deccan. Delhi: Idara-i Adabiyat-i Dilli, 1977. 100 p.

. Ali,Muhanmad

Athar.

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Allah,

Mughal

nobility

under Aurangzeb.

Bombay: Asia, 1967. Rev. AAR 11 (1971) 18; AHR 72 (1967) 463; EHR 83 (1968) 614; Paff 44 (1971) 448. ibn Aziz

Tr. (abridged) James the Bahmani dynasty.

Tabatabai.

Stewart King. London, 1900.

. Eaton, Richard Maxwell. social

roots

Burhan-i

of Sufis

Ma'asir.

The history of

Sufis of Bijapur 1300-1700:

in medieval

India.

Princeton,

N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1978. 358 p. Rev. AHR 84 (1979) 524-5; BRD Annual (1979); DI 58 (1981) 364-5; ILb. 33 (March 1979) 191-92; IMO 10 (May 1979) 89-91; JA 270 (1982) 214-5; JAH 13 (1979) 72-73; JAS 39 (Feb. 1979) 387. . Faruki,

Zahiruddin.

Taraporevala,

1972.

596 p.

- Firishtah,

Ibrahimi

2 v.

1935;

Aurangzib

New Delhi:

and

Hindostan,

Muhammad

Qasim

ibn-Hindu

1831,

Lucknow,

1864.

by Alexander Dow.

times.

Idara Adabiyat-i

(or Tarikh-i Firishtah)

Bombay,

his

Shah.

Bombay:

Dilli,

Gulshan-i

Ed. John Briggs. Tr.

History

3 v. London,

of

1770-72

Tr. History of the rise of Mohammedan power in India. 4 v.

London and Calcutta,

Tomorrow's,

1973.

1829;

New Delhi:

. History of medieval Deccan (1295-1724)

Today and

Ed. H.K.

Sherwani and P.M. Joshi. 2 v. Hyderabad: Government of Andhra Pradesh, 1973-74. Rev. ABORI 55, 1

no., 1-4 (1974) 303-04; BDCRI 34, nos., 1-4 (1974) 91-102; Hindu (22 September 1974) 9:4, (15 October

1975)

4:8;

IE

Indica 12 (March 1975)

131;

(28 July

1974)III:1;

and

II 31 (March—Junme 1978)

115-21; JIH 52, no., 2-3 (August—December 1974)552-53; MER 61 (June 1976) 26-27; MIM 5, no., 3 (1975) 267-72 and MIM (1977) 219; MW 66, no., 2 (April 1976) 141-42; IC 50

(January

1974)

71;

- Khan,

Lahore:

1976)

IHR 1 (1974)

Yar Muhammad.

53-57;

197.

(September-October

The Deccan policy of the Mughuls.

United Book Corp.,

- Majumdar,

Quest

1971.

Ramesh Chandra.

334 p.

1888-1980.

and culture of the Indian people.

The history

11 v. Bombay:

Bharatya Vidya Bhavan, 1951-77. v. 8-11 cover the period 1707-1947. Hindu commmal bias.

10. Mill, James.

1773-1836.

10 v. London: Madden, most influential early

11.

History of British India.

Sth ed. 1858. One of the British histories of India.

Nayeem, Muhammad Abdul. 1938External relations of the Bijapur kingdom, 1489-1686... a study in diplomatic history. Hyderabad: Bright, 1974. 321 p.

Rev.

IHR 2 (July 1975)

201-04.

12. Richards,

John Folsom. 1938- Mughal administration in Golconda. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1975.

ix, 335 p. Rev. BRD Annual uary 1977) 53-56.

(1976)

690;

IHR 3 (Jan-

13.

Sarkar, Jadunath. 1870-1958. History of Aurangzib. 5 v. Calcutta: M.C. Sarkar: 1912-25.

14

—— The India of Aurangzib (topography, statistics, and roads) Compared with the India of Akbar with extracts from the "Khulasatu-t-Tawarikh"' and the "Chahar

182 p.

Gulshan''

Calcutta:

Bose

Brothers,

1891-1980. 15. Sherwani, Haroon Khan. the Deccan. Hyderabad: The Author, Rev. JASB 20 (1954) 186-87.

16.



1901.

The Bahmanis

1953.

History of the Qutb Shahi dynasty.

143 p.

of

New Delhi:

Munshiram Manoharlal, 1974. 739 p. Rev. II 31 (March- June 1978) 112-15; Indica 12 (March 1975)

132; THR 1 (1974) 77-79; MIM 5, no., 262-64. QRHS 16 (1976-77) 181-84.

17.

18.

Shyam,

Radhey.

Smith,

Vincent

The Kingdom of Ahmadnagar.

Delhi: Motilal Banarasidas, 26, pt. IIL & IV (1965-66) Arthur.

history of India.

Oxford:

3 (1975)

1966. 28.

440 p. Rev. BDCRI

1848-1920.

4th ed.,

The Oxford

Ed. T.G.P.

Oxford University Press,

1982.

Nineteenth century British imperial

19. Taylor, Philip Meadows. Indian history. London:

New

Spear.

bias.

945 p.

1808-76. Manual of Longmans, 1895. Based on

Firishta, and supplemented by the author's knowledge of the Dakan.

20.

Verma,

D.C.

History of Bijapur.

New Delhi:

Kumar,

1974. 306 p. Rev. IHR 2 (July 1975) 200-01. JIE 1, no.,3 (September 1975) 67-68, OHT (19 February 1976) 12.

21. Yazdani, Ghulam. 1885-1962. The early history of the Deccan. 4 parts. London: Oxford University, 1930-60 (Rpt. New Delhi, 1982). GENERAL HISTORIES OF MODERN HAYDARABAD Listed here are general works concerning adminis-

trative,

constitutional,

Haydarabad State.

and political

was commissioned by the government

but

histories

of the

A comprehensive history of the Nizams

it never materialized.

For the

of Haydarabad last

several

in 1922,

years,

a history of modern Dakan on the model of Hist of Medieval Deccan, 1295-1724 has been under preparation

n

22.

rabad.

Aleem,

State.

Shamim.

Personnel

New Delhi:

management

Sterling,

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in a Princely

300 p.

23. Ali Yawar Jang. 1905-76. External relations of Hyderabad. Hyderabad: Government Central Press,

1930?

24. Ali,

abad:

Hashem Amir.

1903-

Facts and fancies.

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Muhammad. bad: Hyderabad, 1967.

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27.

73 p. On Fasli

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Syed Hossain. 1842-1926., and Charles Historical and descriptive sketch of

H.H. the Nizam's dominions. India

Hyder-

Steam Press,

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1883-84.

Briggs, Henry George. 1824-72. The Nizam: his history and relations with the British Government. 2 v. London: Bernard Quaritch, 1861.

28. The British Crown and the Indian states: an outline sketch drawn up on behalf of the... Chamber of Princes. London: P.S. King, 1929. xxvii, 244 p. 29.

Chopra,

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Asylum Press,

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1956-

66. v. 1, 1800-57, xiii, 223 p. v. 2. 1857-85, xv, 332 p. v3, 1885-1920, xii, 253 p. v.4, 1921-47,

viii, 290 p.

Hyderabad, Government of. Department of Jails. Reports on the administration of Jails. Hyderabad,

1899-1948.

41. Hyderabad, Government of. Reports

1948.

Judicial Department.

on the administration.

Hyderabad,

1884—

42. Jayaram, Ramlingam. Administration of the districts of Marathawada under the Nizams (1853-1935) lished Doctoral Dissertation.

University,

Aurangabad:

1969.

Marathwada

43. Kate, P.V.

Impact of the Nizam's regime on Marathawada, 1724-1948. Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation, Aurangabad: Marathawada University, 1978. Khan,

Abdul Wahid.

Brief history of Andhra Pradesh.

Hyderabad: State Archives, 1972. (October-December 1974) 574-75.

Rev.

IESHR 14

45. Khan, Muhanmad Fathulla. reforms

abad

in Hyderabad

Press,

1935.

vii,

A history of administrative state. Secunderabad: New Hyder-

- Low, Sidney James Mark. states

and ruling

160 p.

princes.

1857-1932.

London:

The Indian

Norwood,

1929.

47.

MacMunn,

George.

Princes.

London:

p. 37-71. Macpherson, native

J.M.

states,

Superintendent

xiv,

1869-1952.

Jarrolds,

1936.

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south...

India,

Robert

Paton.

states

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British enactments

of Government

711 p.

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in force

Hyderabad.

Printing,

The Nizam:

and

in

Calcutta:

1900.

49.

Mcauliffe,

50.

Malcolm, Duncan Archibald. 1807-65. A sketch of the history of the Asuphea dynasty. S.1., 1843. 23 p.

future of the Hyderabad state. 1904. xii, 86 p.

the origin and

London:

C.J. Clay,

51. Malleson, George Bruce. 1825-98. An Historica’ sketch of the native states of India... London: Longmans, 1875. Haydarabad, 277-96. (Rpt. Gurgaon, Haryana: Academic Press, 1984). 52. Manekshah,

Dinshah. Law of extradition between the Dominions and British India. Madras, 1898.

Nizam's

81 p.

53. Abdul Muttalib, Mohammad. 1925The Administration of justice under the Nizams 1724-1947. Unpublished Doctoral

Naidu,

Dissertation.

P.V.R

Hyderabad:

.

A short

Hyderabad:

Osmania,

history

of Hyderabad.

Laxmi Narayan,

1909.

1957.

55. Nawab Imad Jang. Report on the administration of justice in H.H. the Nizam's Dominions for 1299 Fasli. [ 1899-1900]. Secunderabad, 1901.

56. Abdul Nayeem, Muhammad. history.

1980.

57. —

264 p., ill.

History of the postal administration

Hyderabad: no.,

New Delhi:

1938- Hyderabad philatelic Philatelic Congress of India,

5-6

Bright,

1970.

311 p., ill.

(September-November

no.1 (1972) 203-4; 18 (1972) 316-18.

1971)

Rev. BO 28,

437-38;

IC 45 (July 1971)

in Hyderabad.

214-16;

BSQAS

IJPA

35,

58. —

Nizam-British relations in postal administration.

Bombay:

Empire of India Society,

1969.

59. — The Philatelic and postal history of Hyderabad. Hyderabad: Bright, 1967. 164 p., ill - Nicholson, Arthur Pole. India's

problems.

broken

1869-1940.

treaties,

London:

her princes,

Ernest Benn,

Scraps of paper: and the

1930.

354 p.

61. The Origin, rise, and consolidation of the Indian states: a British assesment [in] 1929. New Delhi: B.R. Publishing Corp., 1975. 136 p. "First published by the British

in 1932".

62.

Palmer, India.

government

Julian. London:

63. Panikkar,

Kavalam Madhav.

Calcutta:

S.K. Lahiri,

Hopkinson,

Parkhurst,

C.A.

Macmillan,

Evolution of

Indian states,

1929.

1774-1858.

117 p.

1945.

2nd ed, 1932. xxi,

The Nizam's

40 p.

66. Prasad, Rajendra. rise

1895-1963.

in

Indian states and the government of India.

London: 65.

circulation

Sovereignty and paramountcy Stevens, 1930. 104 p.

British policy towards ——

for private

Dominions.

Calcutta:

The Asif Jahis of Hyderabad:

and decline.

446 p. Rev.

198 p.

New Delhi:

Vikas,

BR 8 (January-February

1984.

1984)

221-22.

67. Rama Rao, M. Glimpses of Dakkan history. Orient

Longmans,

68. Rao, P.R. Sterling, 69. Regani,

1951.

viii,

xii,

their

Calcutta:

159 p.

History of modern Andhra. New Delhi: 1978, 138 p. Rev. TV 3 (October 1978) Sarojini.

Hyderabad:

Nizam-British relations

Booklovers,

70. Sastry, K.R.R.

1963.

Treaties,

the Indian states.

iv,

1724-1857.

323 p.

engagements

Allahabad:

Author,

and

38.

sanads

1942.

of

316 p.

71.

Shelka,

Govind

Marathawada region.

sertation.

72.

Changojirao.

A history

of the

Unpublished Doctoral

Dharwar:

Dis-

Karnatak University,

1980.

Singh, Raghubir. Indian states under the Government of India Act, 1935. Bombay: Taraporewala, n.d.

73. —-

Indian

Taraporewala,

states

1938.

74. Singh, S. Nihal. Empire.

and the new regime.

s.1.,

Bombay:

1884- The Nizam and the British the Author, 1923. xiii, 231 p., ill.

75. Tupper,

Charles Lewis. Our Indian Protectorate: an introduction to the study of the relations between

the British government and its

London:

Longmans,

Green,

& Co.,

Indian feudatories. 1893.

ARTICLES

76. Alam,

Shah Manzoor.

phical appraisal. Identifies

The Historic

ADH,

16-29.

three distinct

Deccan:

a geogra—

geographical

areas of

Dakan: a. The Marchland Deccan or the Area of Political Assimilation. b. The Heartland Deccan or the

Area of Political Control. c. The Peripheral Deccan or the Area of Political Influence. 77. Asaf Jahi Dynasty. 78.

Baji,

A.N.

Rai Rayans

EIr.

The Social and political

in relation

THRC 17 (1973)

1-11.

role of the

to the Asaf Jahi

State.

The Rai Rayans were a Maratha Brahman family

which migrated

with Asaf Jah to the Dakan.

They

were employed by the Nizams in the administrative and revenue departments of the state. 79.

Barr,

David William Keith.

present.

AR 20 (1905)

A former Resident's

during

Hyderabad

225-43.

impressions

past

and

of Hayderabad

the reign of Mahbub Ali Khan.

80. Barton, William Paton.

Premier state. AR 41 (1945)

324-27.

81.

Burton,

Reginald George.

State.

FR 116

Describes

(1922)

The Romance of an Indian

204-18.

the

eighteenth and nineteenth

J.

Haydarabad. EI 2.

wars and cession of territories by Haydarabad. 82. Burton-Page, 83.

Chandra, Satish. — a reappraisal,

pt. II. 5 (1978-79) Chenevix-Trench,

Service.

The Deccan policy of the Mughals pt. I. IHR 4 (1978) 326-35 and

Richard.

AR 33 (1937)

85.

Dakhan EI 2.

86.

Das, Taraknath.

87. Hamidullah,

The Hyderabad Civil

93-97.

The status of Hyderabad during and

after British rule

Rechts

135-51.

in India.

Muhammad.

in Haiderabad.

AJIL 43

(1950)

55-72.

Die Rezeption europaischen

ZVRC 56 (1953)

76-91.

On the introduction of European laws in Haydarabad.

88.

Hydari, Akbar. 14-18.

89. Kotwal.

Modern Hyderabad.

EI 2.

- Malleson, 201-21.

George B.

Comparative

indirect

rule

91. Meade, M.J. 382-400.

judicial

Haidarabad.

RCI 14 (1882-83)

study of the pattern of British

in Haydarabad

and Egypt.

Hyderabad of the Nizams.

92. Abdul Muttalib, bad.

ERM (July 1936)

Muhammad.

Salient

AR 22(1926)

features

of the

administration of the Asaf Jahs of Hydera-

ADH 52-54.

93.

Naidu, W.S. 282-86.

The State of Hyderabad.

94. Rise of the Nizam's dynasty.

HR 29 (1914)

MR 16 (1914)

523-29.

95. Ruthnaswamy, M. 1885-1977. The Indian Political Service. IBR 6 (No. 3 & 4) 53-64; 7 (No. 1 & 2). 96.

Sarkar,

Jadunath.

97.

Sherwani,

From Asaf Jah to Osman Ali:

fate of Hyderabad.

Haroon Khan.

coexistence

98. ——

MR 84 (1948)

103-4.

Deccan,

and integration.

the region

MIM 4 (1977)

The Evolution of the legislature

the

of

139-50.

in Hyderabad.

IJPS 1 (1940) 424-38.

GUIDES TO ARCHIVES AND GENERAL REMARKS ON THE HISTORIANS AND HISTORIOGRAPHY As with

the history

of any other area,

unpublished

private or state documents constitute one of the important

rabad.

primary

abad,

sources

of the history

of Asaf

Jahi

Hayda-

While general guides to the archives in Haydar-

Bombay,

Bangalore,

Madras,

Pondichery,

London,

and Paris are available, there is a need for separate guides relating to the Dakan. Until we have a separate guide for the modern Dakan, access to archival papers will remain difficult because documents concerning the Dakan are interspersed with those relating to other regions.

MONOGRAPHS 99.

Bawa,

Vasant

Kumar.

Andhra Pradesh. forthcoming.

100.

Desai,

S.P.

101.

India,

Government

A guide

Hyderabad:

India.

of.

New Delhi:

Bombay

Government

National

1979.

State

State Archives,

The handbook of the

Bombay: Dept of Archives, 1978. 196 p. in

to the

10

Archives.

of Maharashtra,

Archives.

35 p.

Archives,

Archives

102.

India,

Government

1964.

113 p.

Museum.

descriptive

Manuscripts

catalogue.

India, Government of. National Archives. Guide to the records in the National Archives of India.

rev.

104.

National

from Indian collections:

New Delhi: 103.

of.

ed.

New Delhi:

The Archives,

1959-.

v.1,2-.

India, Government of. National Archives. Index to the Foreign and Political Department records.

Delhi: Manager of publications, India, 1957-. v.1,2-. 105. Lancaster,

Joan Cadogan. A guide to lists and of the India Office Records. London,

catalogues

1966.

Government of

Rev. Archives 8 (1968)

1965—-December 1966)

415; IA 16 (January

98.

106. Low, D.A.

1927- and J.C. Iltis and M.D. Wainright. Government archives in South Asia: a guide to national and state archives in Ceylon, India and Pakistan. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press,

1969. 355 p. Rev. AA 57 (1970) 236; IA 19 (Janu— ary-June 1970) 67-68; SAR 3 (1970) 264.

107.

National

108.

State Archives,

register of private records.

National Archives Hyderabad.

development,

of India,

Andhra

1978.

Pradesh:

1956-1976.

v.

New Delhi:

9 concerns

two decades

Hyderabad,

1976.

of

21 p.

109.

Sutton, Stanley Cecil. 1907-77. A guide to the India Office Library. With a note on the India office records. London: HMSD.1967. 122 p. Rev. AA 55 (1968) 220; Am. Arch. 16 (1953) 365.

110.

Wainright,

M.D.

and N.

Mattews.

A guide

manuscripts and documents in the British Isles relating to South and South East Asia. London:

Oxford University Press, (January

1965-December

1965.

1966)

98.

532 p.

ARTICLES 111.

to Western

Abd al-Alim Nasrallah Khan Qamar.

11

ElIr.

IA 16

Government

112.

historian,

and granmarian

Abd al-Gani

Khan Meo,

d. 113.

official,

translator,

Scholar

Mawlavi

and researcher

1916.

Abd al-Hayy,

Abu'l

biographer,

in Haydarabad,

Hasanat

Mohanmad.

d.

1881.

ElIr.

in Arabic

and Persian,

Mohammad,

1848-86.

EIr.

Farangi Mahal theologian in Haydarabad. 114.

Abd al-Jalil

Belgrami.

Elr.

Major 17th-18th century

Indo-Muslim literateur,

1661-1725. 115.

Abd al-Nabi b. Qazi Abd al-Rasul Otmani. Eighteenth-century

116. Ali Yawar Jang.

Dakan

scholar.

The place of Deccan in Indian

history AR 38 (1942)

117.

Elr.

385-89.

Ayyubi, Akmal N. Archival materials of Istanbul as a source of Indian history. AIOC 30 (1982) 455-58.

Letters of Nizam I and Nasir Jang to the

Ottoman

sultans.

118.

Bawa, Vasant Kumar. Some problems in the study of Hyderabad State. IT 1 (1973) 146-58.

119.

——

120.

Bland,

State Archives

(1966-67)

poets...

nadu

20-24.

N.

121. Divien,

of Andhra

On the earliest

JRASGB

Joseph.

9 (1948)

Hamidullah, Aurangabad.

123.

Hatalkar,

Persian

152-3.

QRHS

biography

6 of

Sources of the history of Tamil-

(modern Period)

122.

Pradesh.

Sen III,

433-62.

Muhammad. 1908- Literary treasures of IC 16 (1942) 449-56. V.G.

French sources

of the history of 12

124.. Jain,

M.S,Historical biography in Urdu some case studies. HBIL, 140-56.

Biographies

literature:

of Aligarh men in Haydarabad:

Muhsin al-Mulk, Wiqar al-Mulk and Nazir Ahmad. 125. Joshi,

Purushottam Mahadeo.

Haroon Khan

evolution of a historian.

126.

FRI

18-34.

Sherwani:

Kenny. L.B. Problems of historical writings in India with reference to the history of Deccan.

PHW 22-29.

127.

Khan,

Muhammad

Abdul

Waheed.

The

Family

and

private collections in the State Archives, Andhra Pradesh. IA 19 (1970) 15-24.

Describes the gradual development of the State Archives of Andhra Pradesh since the 18th century. Introduces some of the more important collections

like Hazrat Khwaja Banda Nawaz,

Salar Jang,

Muhammad Muinuddin and Hamid Siddiqi. 128.

Khan,

129.

Kulkarnee,

Muhammad

Hyderabad State. Archives

N.H.

131.

132.

IA 4 (1950)

20-23.

Source material

Sen I,

Record

Office,

in the National

338-63.

Lancaster,

Joan Cadogan.

A succinct

introduction.

Archives 9 (1970)

Nizamuddin,

M.

10, no.ii

(1957)

Rao,

Hai.

The India Office Records.

130-41.

The Hidden treasures

Persian manuscripts V.N.

Central

of India for the modern history of

Maharashtra.

130.

Nasiruddin.

in the

26-41.

Sources

of Arabic and

Salar Jang Museun.

of the history

II

of Andhra

Pradesh with special reference to Rayalaseema. Sen I, 207-27.

133.

Rao, Y. Vittal. Sources of the history of Andhra Pradesh (Telengana). Sen I, 239-48.

13

134. 135.

Ravichandran,

nadu.

Sen III,

S.

Sources

of the history of Tamil-

463-82.

Regani,

Sarojini.

Studies

136.

Russell,

Ralph.

Aziz Ahmad,

137.

Sastri, Mysore.

138.

Sherwani,

Haroon Khan.

Sherwani,

Mustafa.

139.

Pradesh. Urdu.

MIH 103-12.

ISC 59-68.

K.N.V. Sources Sen I, 64-74.

Haroon Khan Sherwani.

Ghulam Yazdani.

My father:

FRI 1-17.

Singarajan,

141.

—— The Persian records QRHS 9(1969-70) 205-14.

142.

Sriramamurthy,

(1968-69)

Pradesh—

Tirmizi, 178-190;

T.S.

151-56.

Madras

Northern

Islam and

HHI 116-20.

Life sketch of Prof.

State Archives.

QRHS 8

in the Tamilnadu Archives.

Sources

Circars.

of the history of Andhra Sen I,

228-38.

A.J. Inayat Jang collection. SI 1 (1964) also in IA 18 (January-June 1969) 37-45.

Procedure 144.

Y.

South Asia,

of the history of modern

140.

143.

in the history of Andhra

of jagir grants.

Triambak Raj Bahadur. Note on farman, ahkam, parwana, ruqqa, shuqqga and hasbul hukum. PPP

(October 1977)

400-03.

1

WORKS OF REFERENCE

Reference works relating exclusively to Haydarabad

State are few and far between. a dictionary

of historical

terms,

Such standard tools as an atlas,

chronology

of public events, biographical dictionary, a comprehensive bibliography of primary and secondary sources in Indian or foreign languages are all awaiting scholarly

attention.

* 145.

Buckland,

Charles

Edward.1847-1941.

14

Dictionary of

Indian biography.

London:

Sonnenchein,

1906.

xii, 494 p. Rev. AR (1906) 204; CR 144 (1906) 323-33; Soc Sci 44 (1969) 110.

A rare collection of biographical sketches, although sometimes the dates are not reliable.

146. Census of H.H. the Nizam's Dominions, Bombay,

1884.

147. Census of India,

1891,

XXIII,

148.

Census

of India,

1901,

XXII,

149.

Census

of

India,

1911,

XIX,

150. Census of India,

1921,

Hyderabad

151.

Hyderabad, Bombay, Bombay,

1893.

1903. 1913.

1922.

152. 153. 154.

Hyderabad

of India,

1931,

XXIII,

Census

of India,

1941,

XXI,

Census

of India,

1951,

v.

Hyderabad,

Dominions.

Hyderabad,

1952.

1933. 1943.

Hyderabad Hyderabad

Census

Dominions.

Delhi,

1881.

State, State.

State.

H.E.H.

H.E.H.

State.

New Delhi,

the Nizam's the Nizam's

9. Hyderabad,

Dn.

New

The Chronology of modern Hyderabad, from 1720 to 1890. Hyderabad: Central Records Office, 1954.

xi, 344 p.

155. A Collection of treaties,

engagements

and

sanads...

v. 9. Compiled by Charles Umpherston-Aitchison. Calcutta: Government of India Central ications Branch, 1929. (Rpt. New Delhi, 1982). The texts of all the treaties

between the

Nizams of Haydarabad and the British from 1759-1927 is given,

(1864)

« 156.

1-202.

381-418.

Rev.

of earlier volumes

Dictionary of national biography. 15

in CR.40

4 v. Ed.

S.P.

Sen.

Calcutta:

Institute

1972-74.

of Historical

157.

Gazeteer of Aurangabad district.

158.

Gazeteer

159.

[Andhra Pradesh District] Gazeteers.

London,

1884.

xviii,

of India:

State. Calcutta: Superintendent Printing, 1909. xxvi, 320 p.

Government

volumes

Central

Ed. E.G. Lynn.

877 p.

Provincial

Press,

Studies,

Series.

Hyderabad

of Government

1967-83.

Set

on as many districts.

Hyderabad: of 22

Gazeteers and Manuals of British India. Published between 1853-1947, the gazeteers and manuals of the Bombay and Madras Presidencies or the Central Provinces

contain

in the districts

‘assigned'

good

before

18th and early

Ahmadnagar,

on the Nizams'

they were

to the British.

for the

Presidency:

information

'ceded'

rule

or

They are particularly 19th centuries:

Bijapur,

Dharwar,

Bombay

Khandesh,

and Sholapur; Madras Presidency: North Arcot, South Arcot, Bellary, Cuddapah, Ganjam, Godavari, Kistna, Kurnool, Madura, Nellore, Vizagapatnam, Anantapur, Guntur, Chittoor; Central Provinces: Akola, Amraoti, Balaghat, Buldana, Chanda. For

complete bibliographic information consult The District Gazeteers of British India: A bibliography.

Ed. Henry Scholberg. Zug, Documentation Co., 1970.

161.

Switzerland:

[Hyderabad, Government of]

gazeteers

pt.

II:

Tables.

Inter

Hyderabad district

Hyderabad,

1925-26.

Part I which was supposed to contain text was

never

162.

published.

Gazeteers of Maharashtra. Bombay: Director of Government Printing, Publications and Stationary, 1959- The following districts of Maharashtra were at one time or another part of the Haydarabad State:

Bid,

Ahmadnagar,

Bhandara,

Osmanabad,

Akola,

Buldhana,

Amraoti,

Chanda,

Aurangabad,

Dhulia,

Parbhani , Sangli, Sholapur

16

Nanded,

and Yeotmal.

163.

[Mysore/Karnataka

Government

State]

Press,

Gazeteers.

1965-

Bangalore:

The following districts were at one time or another part of Haydarabad: Bellary, Bidar, Bijapur, Dharwar, Gulbarga, and Raichur.

164. Habib,

Irfan. An atlas of the Mughal empire: Political and economic maps with detailed notes.

Delhi:

Oxford University Press,

maps of the Deccan subas

in 1707.

1982.

105 p.

Some

165. A Historical atlas of South Asia. Ed. Joseph E. Schwartzberg. Chicago: University of Chicago Press,

1978.

166. Hyderabad,

xxxix,

1879-1950,



Rev. BRD Anmual

Government of. Diglot

correspondence

167.

352 p.

of Hijri,

2 v. Hyderabad,

Fasli,

and Christian dates,

List of villages in

of Hyderabad State

in notification no. Hyderabad, n.d.

official

1929-38.

State Board of Reverme.

the 16 districts

calender:

1979.

(as notified

21, dated 23rd April 1950)

168. —

Village list of district no. XV - Gulbarga. Hyderabad, 1952.

169. —-Village

list of district no.XI - Aurangabad according to population census 1941. Hyderabad,

1941.

170.

Index to titles

alqabnamas.

1979.

1798-1885

New Delhi:

National

Good for a few persons

IA 30 (July-December 1981) 171.

172.

Khalidi,

Omar.

as recorded in the Archives

of India,

from Haydarabad.

109-17.

1953- The British Residents

court of the Nizams of Haydarabad. Wichita, Haydarabad Historical Society, 1981. 25 p. Maps

of Hyderabad.

Naidoo,

1865.

Hyderabad:

Rev. at the

KS.:

S. Veeraragavooloo

17

173.

Mersey,

Generals

Clive B.

1906-79.

of India

179 p.

1757-1947.

Viceroys

London:

and Governor Murray,

1949.

Thirty-three brief eulogistic essays. 174.

Mohiuddin,

Ghouse.

Maps

of the Nizam's

175.

Renmell, James. Memoir of a map of Hindoostan, or the Mogul empire: with an introduction, illustra-

survey and settlement records.

Dominions'

Hyderabad,

1944.

tive of the geography and present division of that country. London: Author, 1792.

176.

Spate, O.H.K. and A.T.A. Learmonth. India and Pakistanza general and regional geography. 3rd ed.

London: Methuen, 1967. Rev. AA 45-46 (1958-59) 324; MEJ 9 (1955) 202; SAR 2 (1969) 238.

An excellent introduction to the gedgraphy of the Dakan is given between 683-785.

177.

Storey,

ature;

Charles Ambrose.

a bio-bibliographical

Royal Asiatic

1971.

178.

1888-1967.

Society of Gt.

Surveyor-General of India. of the Nizam's territory. * General, 1875.

survey.

Persian liter2 v.

London:

Britain and Ireland,

Index to the map sheets Calcutta: Surveyor

ECONOMIC

ASPECT

Although differing in structure and operation, the economic system of the 18th and mid-19th century Dakan evolved from the Mughul model. This system with minor changes was in effect until Salar Jang I's assumption of Diwani in 1853. Bureaucratic and economic modernization undertaken by him drastically changed the system of

revenue

collection

and

be investigated thoroughly.

expenditure,

which

Comparative

needs

studies

to

relating to the different economic and administrative practices in the Diwani, Jagir, and Samasthanam territo-—

ries are called for. economy

Works

in agricultural,

industrial

focusing on the region's

commercial,

sectors are also needed.

18

financial

and

Fortunately,

we

have an impressive quantity of published and unpublished government documents, departmental reports and findings of commissions which when methodically examined and

analyzed, will present a more has been available

balanced picture than

so far.

MONOGRAPHS: General

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the Nizam's

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in Andhra

AV 8(September-December

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in the Nizam's

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203. Yoshida, Mitsuoshi. Indo no Haiderabado Tochiseidoshi shiron: 20 seiki zenpanki no diwani (kokoryo) o chushin ni shite. AK 468 (1978) 17-28. (Tr. from Japanese: History of Haydarabad's land system in the early 20th century). Discusses the socioeconomic foundation of Hayderabad, regarded as a despotic feudal state, in the early 20th century.

Under the land system of the late 19th century both Jagir and Diwani

lands were under the control

local masters who exploited the peasants. the introduction of the Patadari 21

of

Neither

system in the

early 20th century,

which gave

landowmership

to the

peasantry through removal of the landlord class,

Nor protective policies for direct producers in connection with the abolition of the Jagir land system in the 1940s, had any effective impact on the traditional land relationship. 18TH CENTURY 204.

Malik,

Zahiruddin.

of Hyderabad

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collection

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to pargana

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210.

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Persian documents

Andhra Pradesh —

212. —- The working

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213.

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Subba.

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218.

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to pecuniary

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the East

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William Palmer and Company with

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p-

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23

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224. —

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225.

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226.

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130.

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for

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Steam Press,

— [Report

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131.

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388 p.

Columbian Press,

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Select Committee

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1868.

of

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the Deccan.

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Progress Report. 1871-72, 1873-74, In 4 pts. —

H.H.

Public Works Department... for 1875-76. Hyderabad, 1872-76.

the Nizam's Government budget

1304 Fasli

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1894.

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134. —— Report of famine relief works in H.H. Nizam's Dominions,

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24

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for

Times

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162 p.

235. —— Report on the operation of the H.H. the Nizam's PWD and allied departments

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236. Kinnaird,

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237. Norie, E.M. Military reports on H.H. the Nizam's State railway. Madras, 1882. 238. Palmer, William.

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for Lord Amherst,

239.

1824.

London: Report

241.

Settlement

192 p.

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Kingsbury,

240.

on the

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Parbury and Allen,

settlement

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of Warangal...

of the Kulbarga

S.1.n.d.

and Boden taluq...

Lawrence Asylum Press,

1891.

[By an Enemy of Oppression] A short examination of

the Hyderabad

papers,

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Richardson, 243.

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Hyderabad

242.

Calcutta:

1825.

so far as they

of East

relate

to the

in a letter addressed India

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Stock.

London:

to

J.M.

connected with certain

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the Nizam.

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244, Statement of the claims of Khoorshed Jah against

Vikar-ul—Oomrah in respect of the property in the possession of Nawabs Rafee-ud-Deen Khan and Rasheed ud—Deen

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25

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246.

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Statistical

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16

(1850)

(1848)

1-33.

173-78.

on the

Statistical

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of the city of Aurangabad.

and Major General Franzer.

on the Sircar of Warungal.

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16

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219-301.

20TH CENTURY MONOGRAPHS

254. Ahsan Yar Jang. 1882- Conservation of coal and manufacture of gasolin. Hyderabad, 1940. 11 p. 255.



256.

— Manufacture of steel in H.E.H. the Nizam's Dominions. Hyderabad, 1940. 25 p.

257.

Bharucha,

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power

from

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indebtedness

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26

1937.

1940.

16 p.

in H.E.H

258. Development of Hyderabad: engineers.

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259. Economic conditions of the people in Hyderabad. Hyderabad,

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260.Eleven year progress of state transport in Hyderabad, 1930-41. Hyderabad: Government Central Press, 1941.

58 p.

261. 262.

[Road Transport Department.

Hyderabad,

1953.

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263. Glancy, Reginald Isidore Robert. 1874-1939. Report on the claims of the Sarf-i-Khas Department.

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Wilfred Vernon.

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geology of Hyderabad Hussain,

6)

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life

Press,

1884-

n.d.

of Hyderabad.

1937.

153 p.

A

(Hyderabad geological series

Hyderabad,

Jamil.

Food problem

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Government Central

Bulletin No. 267.

Hyderabad:

Rahman.

Hyderabad:

1896-1948.

A note

1948.

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of

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268.

Hussain,

Mazhar.

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Estimates of Area and Yield of Crops State from 1931 to 1940. Hyderabad: Central

Press,

1940.

Notes

and

in Hyderabad Government

269. —— Agricultural Statistics Notes and Estimates of Area and Yield of Crops in Hyderabad State from 1926 to 1935. Hyderabad: Government Central Press,

1935.

270.

——

Cotton Manual,

1935 H.E.H.

the Nizam's

27

Govern-

ment. 271.

272.

—~

Hyderabad:

Government

Labour Census Report,

Government. Hyderabad: 1935 and 1940. —— Live-Stock Census Dominions, Hyderabad:

Central

H.E.H.

Press,

1935.

the Nizam's

Government Central Press,

Report, H.E.H. the Nizam's Government Central Press,

1935 and 1940.

273. Hyderabad Bureau of Economics and Statistics. Hyderabad

in maps.

Hyderabad,

274. Hyderabad Comercial reports. Hyderabad, 275.

1953.

Corporation. 1945-52.

Hyderabad State Bank. Hyderabad, 1943-48.

Administrative

Administrative

276. Hyderabad State Life Insurance Fund. reports.

Hyderabad,

1935-48.

277. The Hyderabad trade directory. 1939-48. 278.

Hyderabad,

279.

——

tee.

Government

Report.

Hyderabad,

Agricultural

Government,

Press,

1930.

Civil

of.

1930.

1946.

H.E.H.

Hyderabad: Government

——

Veterinary

281.

—— Commerce and Industries Department. trative reports. Hyderabad, 1921-48.

Department.

1926-48.

282. —— Customs Department. 1325-59 F.

Press,

284.

——

1938.

Department

Commit-

the Nizam's

Central

Administration

Adminis—

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283. —- The Debt Conciliation Act, Nizam's Government.

Administrative

Agrarian Reforms

Marketing Act,

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reports.

Secunderabad,

280.

Report.

68 p.

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of Agriculture.

1938, H.E.H. Government

the

Central

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28

report.

285.



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286. —— Department of Cooperatives. reports.

Hyderabad,

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report 1937-38 in AR (1940) 287.

n.d.

Administration

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Hyderabad,

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288. —— Department of Statistics and Census. tration report.

289.



Hyderabad,



Agricultural,

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about trade centres

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291.



Electricity Department.

292.

——

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293.



Five Year Plan,

294.

—— Food Administration report,

Hyderabad,

1312-1359 F.

1945.

295. — Forest Department. Hyderabad, 1337-59 F.

297.

Hyderabad,

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Madras,



report

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1945.

1944.

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administration

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the Nizam's

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296.

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rial and Trade Statistics,

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1913.

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Report on the

the Nizam's

1316 to 1319 Fasli

on the Administration of H.E.H.

the Nizam's Dominions 1322 to 1331 1922) Hyderabad, 1930. 29

Fasli (1912-

298.

299.



Reports



A Glimpse of Hyderabad's economy: rural,

Hyderabad,

financial,

on the

1922-48.

administration.

industrial.

Hyderabad,

Annually.

1946.

72 p.

300. —— The Half-yearly list of officers of the civil departments

Secunderabad:

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the Nizam's

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Cheekoty Veerana,

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301.

—— Handicrafts of Hyderabad. Press, 1955. 11 p.

302.

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303.

Hyderabad: ——

ix, 240 p.

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Government Central Press,

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The Hyderabad Banking Enquiry Committee's

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Central

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—— Hyderabad Weights and Measure Rules,

Hyderabad, 1941.

305.



Citizen

Industrial

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306. — Irrigation Department. Hyderabad, 1898-1948.

1935-40;

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— Land Alienation Act, 1936, H.E.H. Government Central Press, 1936.

308.

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309.

310. 311. 312.



Press,

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— Marketing Department. report. Hyderabad, 1947. Mint

Department.

the Nizam's

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——

the Nizam's

1939.

Land Revenue

Government. n.d.

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1357 F.

307.

Central

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Central

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1900-48.

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314, —

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316. 317.

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Public

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35 p.

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318. —— Regulations relating to salary, leave, pension, and travelling allowence. Hyderabad, 1938. 319.

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320.

Press,

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321. —- Report of the Debt Conciliation Board, H.E.H. the Nizam's

Central

322.



Press,

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the Nizam's Government, Central Press, 1940.

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323. —— Report on the Administration of the Agricultural Markets Act for 1333 F. Central Press. 1933.

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324, — Report on the Working of the Hyderabad Agricultural Markets Act for the year 1332 F. Hyderabad:

325.

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31

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328. —

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329.

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1942.

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331. —- Statistical year book.

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Cabinet to consider Chadha,

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Kumkum.

1979)

BW (19 April

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324-36.

116-26.

[Nizam's Jewellery] that wasn't.

48-49,52-53.

109-

position and prospects

1: 4-7+

Auction

1947)

today. EW

(27

ET

363. 364. 365. 366.

Chandran,

Ramesh.

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Nizam's money in England.

102.

Court rejects plea to stop [Nizam's

auction.

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Hyderabad:

to Islamic

4 (1955)

John.

a rural

Hamidullah,

economic

73-78.

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IJE

AR 28

(1932)

Haidarabad's

thought

460-78.

constribution

and practice.

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financial administration.

(of the Nizam of Hyderabad)

Labor

(April

369.

Hyderabad promotes

370.

Iyengar,

282.

(1945)

jewellery]

46 (12 September 1955) 46.

Akhtar.

(1946)

5-6.

Administrative progress in...

Muhammad.

House-hold money

1:

enquiry...

On twentieth century 367.

FEER

S.K.

274-80.

in Hyderabad.

Agricultural

‘freedom from want.'

AR 42

1940)

Central

banking

On the establishment

Bank in 1942.

695-707.

in Hyderabad.

EJ 53

of the Hyderabad State

371.

— Hyderabad finance 1927-8. MR (January 1928) 59-60.

372.

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1942)

24-25.

373.

Jewels fit for a Nizam. 11:

1-5.

374.

The

Jewels

375.

Khan,

272

in

the

Hyderabad

(15 September 1979)

(1947)

S.A.

Industrial

28-29.

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64.

crown.

scheme of IJE (July

(19 March, Economist.

future of Hyderabad.

35

1978)

EW 1

376.

Lelyveld,

377.

Malik, K.N.

1968)

Joseph.

Nizam's

estate.

TI

(11 March

Where will all the jewels go.

(8 February 1981)

1-8.

378. Nizam's fabulous 1: 2-5.

jewels on sale.

379.

Nizam's unassessed wealth.

380.

Nizam's

381.

Nizam's jewel auction fails September 1979) 1: 5-7+

TI

(9 March 1978)

Link 9 (6 August 1967)

18

jewels.

TI/SR

TI (24 September 1979)

6:1

to come off.

TI

(21

382. Nizam's jewels auction put off: Ban on export. (22 September 1979) 1:1-2. 383. Nizam's jewellery: Auction put off sine die. (22 September 1979) 1:2-5+ 384. The Nizam's jewels; 1979) 5: 1-2.

editorial.

TI

ET

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385.

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A.G.

Matter of £ 2 million:

386.

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Anwar

Iqbal.

387.



A planned economy for Hyderabad.

IJE (July

388.

——

Thoughts

India.

Nizam's leftovers. of Hyderabad. 1945)

41

IJE

Sunday

Note

(April

on the

1940)

financial

668-77.

83-100.

(1945)

on a planned

177-81.

sharing the

(22 July 1979)

economy

for

31-32.

system

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Concerning planning in Haydarabad. 389.

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jewellery sale.

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390. Rosenthal, Ethel. His Exalted Highness the Nizam's Guaranteed State Railways... AR 22 (1926) 578-88.

36

391.

Rubies without 1956)

price.

63.

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Nizam of Hyderabad's 392.

Sayer,

M.C.B.

AR 32 (1936)

Slaughter, and air

(5 November

possessions.

Recent development

146-52.

On industrial 393.

48

in Hyderabad.

prospects.

E.W.

The coordination of road,

services

in Hyderabad

State:

rail,

experiences

in the field of British transport vehicles and control of state-owned services under one administration. JIT (October-November 1947) 554-8.

394.

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editorial.

TI (14 April 1978)

On the sale of Nizam Osman Ali Khan's 395.

Talpallikar,

M.B.

Life and labour of women workers

in Bellampalli mines.

Considers methods

conditions, 396.

Townroe,

Hyderabad.

wages,

Bernard

jewelry.

AR 33

IJSW 9 (1948)

of recruitment,

208-17.

and related matters.

Stephen.

(1937)

living

The Modernization

615-26.

Modernization of agriculture, and educational services.

industry,

397. —— Rural reconstruction in Hyderabad. 276-80. POLITICS

of health

AR 41(1945)

AND GOVERNMENT

Eighteenth Century, The eighteenth century perhaps

1707-1818 is the most complex

period in Dakani history. Not only are six major contending powers — the Nizams, English, French, Maisur rulers, Mughul emperors, and several factions of the

Marathas

palities



who

are

involved,

shaped

the

but

also

strategies

several

minor

and policies

37

princi-

of

these

powers.

Thus

one

cannot

understand

of the 18th century Haydarabad

the history

State without adequate

attention to the history of the other powers

As with other areas of the Dakani history, connected

account

comprising

roughly

between

1707-1818

and political

history of this period —



is absent.

and French ''factory" records with the affairs

a single

the economic

as well as the socio-cultural

involved.

The

English

are primarily concerned

of "Carmatic",

i.e.

coastal

Tamilnadu

and Andhra, and only secondarily with Haydarabad, and even this only after 1740. Primary source material

for the earlier Nizams

documents

is to be sought in the archival

of the Haydarabad

Maratha daftars contemporary

in Marathi.

Persian

State

in Persian

and of the

English translations

or Marathi

accounts

are

of

few.

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...

JIH 33 (1955)

(1961)

185-94.

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202-5.

responsible

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and

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IHCP 14

(1951)

Military and diplomatic history of North Sarkars and Guntur affairs. 532.



Some

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Azad, Bilgrami.

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Khazana-i amirah; tr. 'An account 534. Azad,Ghulam Ali. of the production of the Mahratta countries... composed c.1762-3.'

535.

Bala

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AAR 5 (1803)

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Baqai,

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The

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CHJ 3 (Jam

DAB.

adventurer

in the

service

54

of Nizam Ali

EI 2. 543. Burhanpur. . Chambers,

William.

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Extracts

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by Mir Ghulam Ali Azad Bilgrami.

AM

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545. DeVoulton. (1926)

Noticia;

223-45.

tr. L. Lockhart.

1

BSOQAS 4

Concerning the meeting of Asaf Jah with Nadir

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Nizam.

V.G.

‘The Edlabad meeting of Peshwa and the

IHCP 13 (1950)

325-27.

Asaf Jah I's meeting with Peshva in 1741. 547.

—- Nizamul-Mulk Asaf Jah I and the Marathas 1728. THRC 14 (1937) 107-13. Dua, J.C. Poligars: their rise in the Districts’. IHCP (1972) 467-74.

549.

Gawilgarh.

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550. General Jean Baptiste Talhiade. 77.

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174-

French military adventurer in the service of

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551. 552.

553.

Golkonda. Gribble,

EI 2. J.D.B.

AR 4 (1897) Gujar,

The forgotten Vizianagaram treaty.

152-160.

M.V.

The Peshwa Bajirao and Nizam-ul-Mulk

Asaf Jah 1730-1738.

IHCP 2 (1938)

614-23.

554. Haq, Syed Moimul.

An Unpublished letter of Nizam al-Mulk addressed to Emperor Muhammad Shah. PHS 3

(1955)

186-200.

Written

after

following points

battle

of Shakar

1724,

the Nizam

I makes

justifying his conduct

Kheda:

a.

He wanted

55

the

in the

to pass

his

remaining years of life in the Dakan.

Khan and the Dakan his best a devoted obey

555.

his associates had usurped authority in with selfish motives. c. He had tried to avoid war with Mubariz Khan. d. Being servant of the State, he was ready to

imperial

Irvine,

Khan,

b. Mubariz

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Jangnamah of Sayyad Alim Ali

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1-9 and 69-79.

33 (1904)

556. Joshi, R.M. The Rajendras of Gangakhed and their records. IHRC 29 (1953) 64-67. The Rajendras

were

among

the

3 outstanding

Maratha Brahman families that played a significant role in the Asaf Jahi period.

557. —- Some Poona affairs in the Daftar-e-Divani. DHC 394-407.

558.

—— Two unpublished Akhbarat from Poona [written by the Agents

1794-96.

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IA 10 (1956)

559.

Kantak,

560.

Karnatak.

561.

[Khan] Mohibbul Hasan.

M.R.

The

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inside

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covering

the

period

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BDCRI 41

(1982)

89-99.

EI 2. claim to Kurnool.

Nizam Ali Khan's Karnul.

Lord Cornwallis and the IHRC 24

(1948)

23-25.

demand for the restoration of

562.

Khan, Yusuf Husain. Anglo-Hyderabad relations (1772-1818). IC 27 (1953) 42-57.

563.

—— Chanda Sahib's release and his alliance with Muzaffar Jang. IC 18 (1944) 394-408.

564. —— The Cession of Northern Sarkars to Bussy. 3 (1939) 1522-30. 565.



IHCP

Copy of a letter of Tipu Sultan addressed to 56

Nawab Nizam Ali Khan. 566.

——

Documents

relations.

bearing

IHCP 14 (1951)

301-04.

on early Anglo-Nizam

IC 26 (1952)

70-95.

"These letters which are in the archives of the Madras Records Office, throw light on the early phase of Anglo-Nizam relations and their inner working." 567.

——

568.

—— Some unpublished documents in the Imperial Record Department... having a bearing on Anglo-

Muzaffar Jang and Chanda Sahib in Carnatic.

Ic 19 (1945)

30-48.

Nizam relations. 569.

——

IC 23 (1949)

Some unpublished

Samsamuddaulah.

letters

IC 21 (1947)

37-47.

:

of Shah Nawaz Khan

154-59.

Shah Nawaz Khan 1700-1758:

diwan of Nasir Jang

and wakil-i-mutlaq of Salabat Jang; author of

Maasir al—Umara, a voluminous biographical dictionary of the Mughul peerage.

570. —— Why was Nasir Jang summoned to Delhi. (1943) 58-64. Also in IHCP (1941) 622-28.

IC 17

"The real reason for inviting Nasir Jang to

Delhi was that the Emperor Muhanmad Shah wanted to

get rid of his wazir, Safdar Jang, who had publicly usurped all authority leaving the Emperor a mere 571. 572.

Khare,

G.H.

Shakarkhedle

Two

(1724).

573. Lehuraux, Alfred. JRASGB

new

documents

on the

KHR 25 (1950)

Rustum Jung

Pts 3 and 4 (1956)

battle

48-51.

of

(Chevalier de Lalée)

DS-A1.

French military adventurer in the service of

Basalat

574.

Leonard,

Jang.

Karen.

The Hyderabad political 57

system and

its participants

JAS 30 (1971)

569-82.

"Differing both in structure and operation from its parent Mughal model, the political system which came to be known as Hyderabad state developed in the Deccan in the second half of the 18th century. great

The major structural difference lay in the power of two hereditary daftardars, the

keepers of the central revenue records — these men could usurp the diwan's traditional control of governmental finances." 575.

A letter of Nizam ul Moolk to Mohammed (1785) 481-93

576.

(Historicus)

Nizam.

Lord Mornington's

MR 28 (1920)

143-51.

Shah.

treatment

AM 1

of the

Mornington was the author of the system of Subsidiary Alliance which brought the Indian states

into British control. A discussion with reference to Haydarabad.

577.

McClay,

A.G.

Monsieur Raymond.

Joachim Michel-Marie

soldier

578.

of

fortune

in the

Malik Zahiruddin.

Nizam's

579.

——

580.

——

IHCP

Raymond

employ

1755-98,

(1967)

French

of Nizam Ali Khan.

176-85.

against

letters

the Marathas.

Nizam-ul—Mulk at the Court of Muhammad Some

1-16.

of 9 letters written in 1731 on the

struggles

(1721-1724)

system

HASJ 4 (1918)

Muhammad Khan Bangash's

to Nizam-ul-Mulk. Translation

of this

MIQ

farmans

5

(1963)

120-31.

of Muhammad

Shah.

581. Mawa ji,

IHCP

Puroshottam Vishrama 18 79-1929. of Kharda. MR 2 (1907) 442-44.

Shah (1964)

Battle

Nana Fadnavis's letter regarding the battle Baburao Krishna, his agent at Satara, 14 April

1795.

58

to

582. Mohiuddin, Syed. A letter of Nawab Nizam Ali Khan on Hollond's mission in 1779. IHCP 29 (1953) 117-19. Relating to the first British Resident John Hollond's arrival in Haydarabad.

583. —— Farmans of Emperor Shah Alam Nizam Ali Khan... IHRC 30 (1954)

II addressed to...

87-89.

584. Abdul Nayeem, Muhammad.

Political status of Nizamul Mulk Asaf Jah I in the Deccan (1713-1748 A.D.)

IC 54 (1982)

585.

Pawar,

A.J.

IHCP (1941)

9-20.

Asaf Jah I, from a Telugu chronology.

618-21.

586. —- Shahu's letter to Nizamul-Mulk Asaf Jah ' relating to Sidi Sat

(1735)

DHC 332-33.

587. — Some documents bearing upon the history of Karnatak, 1749-1755. IC 17 (1943) 65-76. Jang.

588.

Letters

Puntambekar,

1739.

IHCP

to and from Nasir Jang and Muzaffar S.V.

(1943)

The course

336-44.

of Deccan

politics

in

589. —— Letter written by Chimaji Appa to Mahadeo Bhat Hingane. IHCP (1945) Policy of Baji Rao I toward Nizam I.

dated 2 June 1740. 590.

Letter

Raghavan, V. Nasir Jang vs. Muzaffar Jang. (1943) 49-53. Jang,

On the rivalry between Nasir Jang and Muzaffar from a Sanskrit

account

of Anandaranga

the dubash of the French at Pondicherri.

591. Rao, Pagadi Sethu Madhav. Ahwal-i Khawaqin: of Nizamul-Mulk. SMH 2 91-126. 592.

JIH 22

—The First Nizam and the Marathas. 2 (1965) 131-39. 59

Indica.

Pillai,

life

593. —— Gulshan-i-Ajaib. SMH 2 64-90. 594.

Nizamul-Mulk's letters.

—— tr. Maratha-Nizam relations: letters. JIH 41 (1963) 131-50.

Nizamul—Mulk's

Translated from Persian. 595.

——

tr.

letters.

Maratha-Nizam

BORI

51

relations:

(1970)

93-121.

Nizamul-

Mulk's

596. Rao, R. Subba. Some aspects of the history of the Northern Circars during... 1724-1774. DHC 353-63. 597. Rao, Raghuvendra V. Panipat and the Nizam. 13 (1950) 204-06.

IHCP

Nizam Ali Khan's invasion of Peshva's territories after the defeat of the Marathas at Panipat in 1761. 598.

Rao, T. Bhujanga.

599.

Regani,

600.

Reu, Bisheshwar Nath. Maharaja Abhey Singh of Jodhpur and the tactics of the Nizam. IHRC 16

and the Nizam.

Tarikh 13 (1940)

Sarojini.

Deccan,

(1939)

The Ceded districts,

77-86.

French influence

1748-60.

FRI 247-56.

the Circars,

in the

211-14.

Discussion of Nizam I's relations with Abhey

Singh along with a translation of the latter's letter. ‘601.

Richards,

602.

——

The imperial

603.

——

Mughal Retreat

604.

—— The seventeenth century concentration of state power at Hyderabad. JPHS 23 (January 1975) 1-36.

1687-1707.

(1976)

1 (1978)

John Folsom.

MAS 9 (1975)

237-56.

50-68.

crisis

The Hyderabad

241-60.

in the Deccan.

From Coastal Andhra.

60

Karnatik,

JAS 35 JRASGB

605.

606. 607.

Roy, B.N. Lord Cornwallis's diplomacy in relation to the Nizam and Tipu. IHRCP (1937) Sajanlal,

of... —

41.

Conspiracy

Nizam Ali Khan.

An incident

Khan. » ——

Kasim Ali.

AIOC 11

in the

(1941)

of the last days of

AIOC 10 (1940)

93.

151.

last days

... Nizam Ali

Nizam Ali Khan and the blank farman. DHC 340-

British attempt to dethrone Nizam Ali Khan as

punishment for his alliance with Haydar Ali in 1767. A farman for this purpose was to be obtained from the Mughul

609. —

his

emperor.

Nizam Ali Khan and the successor,

1766-1774.

Peshwa Madhav Rao Srinivasachari

190-200.

610.

— Nizam Ali's relations with the Marathas. 1 (1933) 403-08.

611.

Saletore,

612.Sardesai,

B.A. Mughal G.S.

University.

A Modi

rule Bakhar

DHC 330-31.

I and

BUJ

,

in Karnataka WCV 212-24. at the Osmania

About an unpublished Marathi source for Asaf ‘ Jahi-Maratha relations. 613.

—— Reconstruction of the Maratha-Nizam relations. DHC 323-39.

Urges the use of both Marathi and Persian sources. 614. Sarkar, Jadunath. General Raymond of the Nizam's army. IC 7 (1933) 95-113. A biographical

sketch with

Salabat Jung's

first war with the Peshwa.

Raymond's 615.

——

11 (1937)

eight

180-87.

letters.

translation

of

IC

Translated from a French manuscript dated 1751. 61

616.

Two historical letters IC 15 (1941) 341-48.

of the Great Asaf Jah I.

Addressed to Sawai Jai Singh II of Jaipur and

Abdun Nabi Khan on Maratha affairs. 617.

Sastri, K.A. Nilakanta. (1942 supplement) 1-49.

618.

Sen,

619.

S.P.

The Relations

Hyderabad 1785-1793.

On Muzaffar Jang. JmU 14 between

IHRC 30

the

(1954)

French

and

141-49.

Siddiqi, Abdul Majid. A Collection of original letters by Nizam Ali Khan addressed to Mohammed Ali

Wala Jah.

IHRC 18 (1942)

Preserved

in Saidiya

265-68.

Library,

Haydarabad,

the

letters were written between 1757-1803. 620.

——

An Unpublished

correspondence

THRC 16 (1939)

621.

Sinha,

199-201. to

Insha-i

(State Central)

N.K.

official

of the early Asaf Jahi period.

Introduction

at Asafia

work containing

A blank

Chhar Gulshan,

Library,

farman.

preserved

Haydarabad.

IHRC

19

(1942)

31-33.

The same as in 608. 622.

Srinivasachari, C.S. The Carnatic and Nasir Jang (1749-1750). THCP 2(1938) 491-505.

623.



The climateric

of the battle

(1942)

Anwaruddin Khan,

battle,

3 August,

importance

centers.

Nawab

1749,

of Madras and

of Ambur.

of Arkat,

killed

Pondicherry

as political

Events leading to Nasir Jung's death.

625.

Nasir Jang in the Carnatic.



in the

from which time dates the

624. —

a fresh study.

IHCP

MIQ 2 (1950)

1-9.

62

(1750)

JDHC 1 (1950)

1-13.

626.

Srivastava, Birendra Bahadur. The abortive British attempt for balance of power in the Deccan in the

last years of the 18th century. 184-94.

627.

Steuart,

camp,

A.

Francis,

1791-1794.

ed.

JBRS 62 (1976)

Letters

AR 34 (1912)

from the Nizam's

114-51.

Eight letters written by William Steuart 1763-

95, an Assistant Resident at Haydarabad.

628. Thompson, of 1803:

629.

Edward.

battle

Vanisttart,

(1785)

The eve of the Anglo-Maratha war

of Khardla.

Henry.

SCV 53-58.

History of Asof Jah.

327-31.

AM 1

630. Vittal Rao, Y. East India Company and Andhra. JAHRS 27 (1961-62) 45-49; 29 (9163) 9-26. 631.

Wink,

(1983)

Andre.

628-59.

Maratha

revenue

farming.

NINETEENTH CENTURY;

1818-1911

The defeat of Tipu Sultan (1799)

of the Maratha power the

colonial

power

(1818)

MAS 17

and the

by the British consolidated

in the provinces

surrounding Haydar-

abad. The year 1818 may be reconked as the begining of the 19th century in the Dakan, ending in 1911 with the

death of Nizam Mahbub Ali Khan.

Books from a Haydara-

badi perspective for this era are either in Persian or Urdu. The British point of view is given in contemporary English-language publications. Little was written that was critical of British policies and practices towards Haydarabad for the fear of official displeasure. Some of the major issues in the 19th century were: the question of the reduction of the Nizams' troops, payment to the

troops

raised,

trained,

and controlled

British but maintained at Haydarabad's

relations

of the

Princes

with

expense,

the Paramount

the question of Barar's return to Haydarabad.

by the

the

Power,

and

MONOGRAPHS 632.

Ahmad,

Qeyamuddin.

The Wahabi

movement

63

in India.

Calcutta:

Firma

"Wahabi"

The Aligarh movement: 3 v.

996.

Ed. Shan Muhammad.

Haydarabad

634. Ali, Cheragh. Jung.

1885-86.

635.

3 v.

Babu Iswari Prasad Varma. case,

complete

Bawa,

Vasant Kumar.

tation.

Beck,

and detailed

case.

I,

1864-1898.

712,

1978.

886,

The Hyderabad proceedings

sensational

of the well

G.P. Varma,

Hyderabad

1853-1883:

Theodore.

1909.

in transition under

an Indian

state under

Unpublished Doctoral DisserLA.:

1859-99.

Tulane

University,

Essays

on Indian

reprinted from the Pioneer and other papers.

638. Bilgrami,

Pioneer Press

1888.

Syed Hossain.

Sir Salar Jung,

G.C.S.I.

Bingle,

John.

Steam Press,

656,

iii-iv.

Lucknow:

New Orleans,

Allahabad:

639.

Haydarabad,

Meenakshi,

documents,

1966.

1844-95. Hyderabad under Sir Salar Bombay: Education Society's Press,

British influence. 637.

Meerut:

Rev. CR. 82 (1886)

Salar Jung

in

basic documents,

related

known pamphlet 579, xxx p. 636.

Mukhopadhyay,

conspiracy

124-28. 633.

K.L.

1884.

Richard

vi+127+iii

1842-1926.

155 p.

Bombay:

1967.

topics:

p.

A Memoir of

Times

of India

The Governor-Generalship

of

the Marquess of Hastings, 1813-23, with special reference to the supreme council and secretariat, the Residents with native states, military policy, and the transactions of the Palmer Company. Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation. Oxford, England:

Blunt,

University

Wilfrid

of Oxford,

Scawen.

Ripon: a private diary. 1909. 343 p.

641. Burton,

E.F.

1965.

1840-1922.

London:

An Indian Olio.

India under

T. Fisher Unwin,

London:

64

Spencer

Blackett,

(1889)

642.

1890.

Haydarabad,

ix-xii.

224-65.

Rev.

CR 88

Butt, Iftikhar Ahmad. Lord Curzon and the Indian states, tation.

1899-1905. Unpublished Doctoral DisserLondon: University of London, 1964.

643. Cardew, Alexander G. 1861-1937. The White mutiny: a forgotten episode in the history of the Indian army.

London:

Constable,

1929.

Mutiny among troops of Hyderabad Subsidiary

Force

in Sikandarabad

and Jalna.

- Chaudhuri, Nani Gopal. 1904— British relations with Hyderabad (1798-1843) Calcutta: University of Calcutta, 1964. iv, 328 p. AHR 70 (1965) 1180; BSOAS 28 (1965) 682.

645. Correspondence concerning a complaint made by Raja Narindur

Bahadur,

Captain C. Clerk,

education.

Senior

Administrator

superintendent

Hyderabad,

1883.

against

of the Nizam's

21 p.

. Digby, William. 1849-1904. India for the Indians and for England. London: Talbot, 1888. Strong critique of the British policy in

Eminent

Musalmans.

Madras:

G.A.

Diwan

Natesan,

1926?

Salar Jang I, Mohsinul-Mulk, Ali Imam,

Husayn Bilgrami.

« Framurz Jung Bahadur. Raj.

Madras:

Shorapur,

Higginbotham,

1907.

Sayyid

an ancient Beydur

Wate? an Tre Tt

647.

praises

Prey utry

Haydarabad affairs. The author Salar Jang I's reforms, 129-98.