How to Keep Young after Forty: A Dynamic Formula for Good Health and Long Life [6 ed.] 0909911606

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How to Keep Young after Forty: A Dynamic Formula for Good Health and Long Life [6 ed.]
 0909911606

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Table of contents :
How to Keep Young after Forty - Front Cover
Half-title / Overview
Also in this Series
Title Page
Printer's Imprint
Contents
Introduction
The Steinach Theory of Rejuvenation
Voronoff and Monkey Glands
Tragedy of Premature Old Age
Normal Life Span Should be 125 Years
Dr Howard Hay on the Problem
Man Does Not Die, He Kills Himself
Dr Alexis Carrel’s Experiments
Old Age is Controllable
Avoid Acidity and You Avoid Old Age
14 Causes of Acidity, Ill-Health, Old Age
How the Body can be Rebuilt
Why Do Doctors Specialize in Disease?
One Example of a Properly-Fed People
A Striking Contrast
Comment on the McCarrison Report
What McCarrison Did
Disease was Abolished!
Diet, the Key to Health
A Convincing Experiment
Disease is the Censor
Russian Research
Honey and Long Life
Insurance Company Discusses the Problem
Hope Lies in Scientific Nutrition
The Glands of Long Life
Hormone Therapy and the Glands
Dr Gayelord Hauser on the New Nutrition
The New Knowledge Shamefully Neglected
Health After Forty
The Golden Age of Life
Planning for Health
Professor Irving Fisher
The Lesson of the Foregoing
The Science of Nutrition
The Function of Protein Foods
Importance of Fats and Carbohydrates
Refined Sugar
A Vitamin-Rich Diet
Vital Importance of Vitamin B Complex
Two Super Foods
Remarkable Experiments
Importance of Vitamin C
The Sunshine Vitamin D
The Amazing Vitamin E
Importance of Calcium and Phosphorus
You Can’t Live Without Iron
A Little Iodine is Essential
Other Mineral Requirements
The 80-20 Formula for Long Life
The Matter Summed Up
Other books for better health the natural way
Rear Cover

Citation preview

HOWT KEEP YOUNG AFTER 40 A

Dynamic Formula for Good Health and Long Life

S

S

HOW TO KEEP YOUNG AFTER FORTY

Nobody

wants to grow old but at least we should be

able to reach this

faculties

stage in life with Here

is

our

health and

heartening unimpaired. of the subject, demonstrating that a a

assessment

vitamin-rich diet is the best guarantee for healthful

longevity.

Also in this series BEFORE AND AFTER BABY COMES CIDER APPLE VINEGAR CONSTIPATION, HAEMORRHOIDS AND COLITIS EATING FOR HEALTH FIVE NUTRITIOUS HEALTH FOODS GET WELL WITH FOOD GLANDS AND YOUR HEALTH HEART AILMENTS HIGH BLOOD-PRESSURE HONEY, NATURAL FOOD AND HEALER IMPROVE YOUR SIGHT WITHOUT GLASSES KEY TO FITNESS LIVE LONGER AND HEALTHIER LIVER AILMENTS AND COMMON DISORDERS LOSE WEIGHT AND GAIN HEALTH MASSAGE AT YOUR FINGERTIPS NERVE TROUBLES RAW JUICES FOR HEALTH RHEUMATISM AND ARTHRITIS

SKIN TROUBLES STOMACH ULCERS AND ACIDITY VITAMINS EXPLAINED SIMPLY WOMAN’SCHANGE OF LIFE

HOW TO KEEP YOUNG AFTER FORTY

.

Prepared and produced by the Editorial Committee of Science of Life Books

.

SCIENCE OF LIFE BOOKS 4-12 Tattersalls Lane, Melbourne, Victoria 3000

Sixth Edition, completely revised and reset, 1974 Second Third

Impression 1976 Impression 1977

© SCIENCE OF LIFE BOOKS 1974

This book is sold way

of trade

or

subject to the condition that it shall not, by otherwise, be lent, re-sold, hired out, or

otherwise circulated without the publisher’s prior consent in any form of binding or cover other than that in which it is published and without a similar condition being imposed on the subsequent purchaser.

Registered at the G.P.O. Sydney, for transmission through the post as a book.

National Library of Australia card number and ISBNO 909911 606

Typeset by Specialised Offset Services Limited, Liverpool Made and Printed in Great Britain by Weatherby Woolnough Ltd., Wellingborough, Northants, England

CONTENTS Page 7

Introduction The Steinach Voronoff and

of

Theory Rejuvenation Monkey Glands

Dr Howard Hay on the Problem 14 Causes of Acidity, Ill-Health, Old

Example of a Properly-Fed Disease was Abolished! One

Age People

8

9 11 15

19

23

Diet, the

24

A

25 26 28 31

Key to Health Convincing Experiment

Russian Research Honey and Long Life The Glands of Long Life Dr Gayelord Hauser on the New Nutrition The Golden Age of Life Professor Irving Fisher The Function of Protein Foods of Fats and Carbohydrates Vital Importance of Vitamin B Complex Two Super Foods Importance of Vitamin C The Sunshine Vitamin D The Amazing Vitamin E

Importance

Importance

of Calcium and

Phosphorus

32 35 38 41

42 45

47

50 51 52 53

You Can’t Live Without Iron

54

A Little Iodine is Essential

56

Other Mineral

Requirements Long

The 80-20 Formula for

56

Life

57

Introduction Man’s search for the secret of prolonging human life and vitality began thousands of years ago. All sorts of strange notions and potions have been tried, but to no purpose. Each generation has produced men who have made the quest for the magic elixir of life a special dedication of their time and In

our

life-time

own

thought. we

remember

Professor

Metchnikoff, who made researches into the Bulgarians’ way of living. The hardy peasants of the

Bulgarian Mountains are famous for their longevity. An extraordinary percentage of them compared live past the century mark. races Metchnikoff spent much time among them with a view to ascertaining whether it was some special kind

with other

of diet

or

scheme of

living

that accounted for their

long life spans. He finally attributed their

long

lives and relative

freedom from disease to the fact that their article of diet

principal

yogurt. Yogurt is milk that has been soured and thickened

by

a

was

culture.

Metchnikoff discovered that the lactic acid producing bacteria in yogurt creates an environment in the

large intestine (the colon) which prevents the over-development of putrefactive bacteria known as the colon bacilli

or

B coli.

Metchnikoff considered that old age and senility are attributable to toxins that cause hardening of the

8

HOW TO KEEP YOUNG AFTER FORTY

arteries. These

due

toxins, he said, arise from the colon

over-activity of putrefactive bacteria. In health, the putrefactive bacteria are kept in check by friendly micro-organisms which produce to the

lactic acid ferments, detrimental to the B coli. Experience has shown that a safe and rapid way to restore

bacterial which

yogurt,

in

balance has

the

of harmful

the

colon

is

ferments.

Medical in

science

such

take

inhibiting the micro-organisms that cause power

proliferation putrefaction and delayed elimination. Yogurt contains copious quantities of acid bacteria Lactobacillus Acidophilus, beneficial

to

of

affirms

intestinal

that

ailments

dysentery and infantile gastro-enteritis.

the lactic and other yogurt

is

as

colitis,

It

is

also

constipation, flatulence and such children’s ailments as poor appetite, stomach ‘upsets’ effective

in

and emaciation. The Steinach Theory of Rejuvenation The

next attempt to solve the problem of premature old age was made by Professor Eugen Steinach. In 1920 he presented his theory of ‘Rejuvenation through the Reactivation of the Ageing Puberty

Glands’. Its

scientists, medical was as

inflamed

possibilities startling

men

as a

and

imagination of laymen theory

an

alike. The

bombshell.

Professor Steinach’s theory have two different functions.

internal and

the

was

that the

sex

They produce

glands

both

an

external secretion.

According to Steinach’s theory, the external secretion produces life; the internal secretion revitalizes the body itself.

VORONOFF AND MONKEY GLANDS

Thus,

one

function

This

theory

the

serves

the race; the other perpetuating his vitality.

serves

has since been

future by perpetuating the individual by

proved

to have sound

scientific basis. Steinach

followed

up

his

operations designed

many

theory by performing rejuvenate the sex

to

glands. The

subsequent conclusion of medical science is glandular secretions he used were powerful stimulants, but their effect was short-lived. Steinach died in May 1945, at Zurich, Switzerland, that the

at the age

of 88.

patients, despite

He is said to have outlived all his

the fact that he

never

submitted

himself to treatment!

Monkey Glands Serge Voronoff. He, too, shared with Steinach the theory that if the vitality of the sex glands can be rejuvenated, human life and vitality can be prolonged. His theory was to transplant in his patients the sex glands of monkeys. Several patients testified to the efficacy of the operation, but scientific opinion is that the alleged benefits were chiefly psychological and of short Voronoff and

Then

came

Dr

duration.

Though both the Steinach and Voronoff theories proved failures in practice, science learned two outstanding facts through their experiments. First: that all the ductless glands throw directly into the blood stream their hormones; not only the sex glands, but the thyroid gland, parathyroid, adrenal, pineal and pituitary.

10

HOW TO KEEP YOUNG AFTER FORTY

Second, and

that each

important,

more

glands depends upon

the

blood stream

of for

these their

nourishment and proper functioning. The significance of these facts, in their relation to

health and

long life,

will be

seen

later

on.

Tragedy of Premature Old Age Premature old age is

of the greatest

one

tragedies

of

life. When interest wanes, when fatigue is continual, when minor illness is chronic, when food ceases to please, when the former pleasures have all palled,

when ambition and enthusiasm

old; what

dead, then

are

years? Health, high spirits, enthusiasm, energy, enjoyment without these we are old. These

we are

matters it the time or

also

are

without health

all

we are

of health, and what term of

concomitants

old,

ambition,

no matter at

years. And yet, as we shall see, premature old age, or sick old age, is not inevitable. Both can be easily and

positively

avoided.

It is natural for In of

man to

be well

It is unnatural for

days. spite of the people

of his

to the end

be ill.

this fact, however, only three per cent of Australia die from natural causes

that is to say, from old age. Some 82 per cent die

disease! The other

from

fifteen per cent die from accident Normal Life

right

man to

Span Should

or

misadventure.

be 125 Years

The average life span of an animal is five times the time it takes to reach its physical maturity. Man reaches

physical maturity

at

approximately

25

DR HAY ON THE PROBLEM nature years of age, so it is reasonable to believe that over 125 intended man to enjoy a life span

extending

years. We

all live, barring accidents and violence, to hundred.

can

be at least

a

The

body does not wear out. It is infected out, or poisoned out, or starved out or breaks down through some mineral or vitamin deficiency. If these dangers are deliberately eradicated from your life, no evidence exists to show why you should not live to be at least

a

hundred.

The message that nutritional science holds today for all people is that any individual may start to re-chemicalize the cells of the body by the getting of vital food elements and thus initiate

mental and

physical

a

new

era

of

health.

Dr Howard Hay on the Problem In his book Health via Food, Dr William Howard makes the

following

Hay interesting contribution to problem as to the causes of

very

the discussion of the

premature old age. Once we can establish the

causes of old age, the will present no great problem. Dr Howard Hay writes as follows:

remedial

measures

The burning question with most who do not wish to grow old is whether or not the thing is really controllable, and to this there is only theory to answer, but it is reasonable to suppose that if age were due to the increased accumulation of

acids,

as

all are

pretty well agreed, then in just

as

far

as

acid formation is controllable, to just the same extent is old age controllable. Harmless acids, those not in themselves poisonous, if the circulation of the little laboratory animals,

injected into in

quantity

just

sufficient

to

neutralize

the

normal

HOW TO KEEP YOUNG AFTER FORTY

12

alkalinity of the blood, will

cause almost

instant death, all

functions suspending until alkalinity can again be and they do not live long enough for this to occur.

restored,

This intolerance of acid is a normal protection for body we cannot spare enough alkali from our

function, and if

neutralize all acids, we die. This is what Dr Crile meant when he said there is

reserves to

no

natural death, that all deaths from so-called natural causes are merely the end-point of a progressive acid saturation. This

acid

saturation is progressive almost from the birth, through over-feeding, increasing the protein intake over what is necessary for tissue replacement, which is all protein is for. moment

of

So, when

we

have reached the point where

longer neutralize the acids present,

we

die, and

we

can no

we are

said

to have died of natural causes! Such death is always unnatural, because it has violated Nature’s provisions for health, and is a suicide just as is the knife or the pistol way of taking off. Man Does Not Die, He Kills Himself Seneca said nearly two thousand years ago that die, they kill themselves.

men

do not

So they do, not violently, but little by little through their whole lives they set the stage for a taking off that is always premature, of life.

even

if delayed beyond the usual limits

Keep in mind the four sources of acid formation and you will see that these are self-created sources, therefore, if understood and not avoided, one is a suicide to die through acidosis. The first of these

sources is found in the habit of taking much protein as the body requires for tissue replacement, the building material with which the body is to repair itself, the most highly acid-forming of all the

ten times

as

foods. The second the

that

cause or source

is found in the general use of or denatured foods

processed, de-alkalinized, refined are

so

common:

those

made

from white flour

or

refined white sugar, acid-forming in themselves and robbed of their own normal alkalies.

DR CARREL’S EXPERIMENTS The third

source

of acid formation is found in the

use

of

foods in incompatible mixtures, the fermentation arising from arrested starchy digestion producing

or

good

bad

much acid with each such mistake. The fourth

source

of acid formation is found in the

greatly prolonged residence in the colon of fermenting and putrefying food residues: constipation, but as constipation

results from rising acidity which lowers function by depleting the alkaline reserves, then this fourth source may be regarded as dependent on the other three, and we can that all the sources of acid formation in the system

say

are

from wrong feeding. Dr Alexis Carrel’s Experiments

Dr Howard

Hay

continues:

The body dies continually and it is often reborn, not masse but cell by cell, and is it not thinkable that if the new cells of

recreate young

and

as

perfect

as

perfect

when

materials they will be first born?

en

we as

we were

Dr Alexis Carrel, of the Rockefeller Institute, segregated connective tissue cells from the heart of a chicken and

some

them in a fluid representing the blood plasma of the chicken, and kept them over twenty-five years, and they are still living tissue at this writing; by carefully changing the medium every day, so as to avoid the accumulation of excrement from the cells, they have remained for this amazingly long time in as good condition

submerged

and

showing

as

active growth

as

when first placed in the

solution! Old Age is Controllable us be reminded again of the statement of Sir William Arbuthnot Lane, the famous English doctor, that there is but one disease deficient drainage, then note also the Let

necessity

which

every

Dr

Carrel

found

of changing the

day, for when he failed

menstruum

to do this the cells

failure, age. Then remember what Dr George W. Crile said, that there

showed

is no natural death, all deaths from so-called natural causes being simply the end-point of acid accumulation.

14

HOW TO KEEP YOUNG AFTER FORTY If these statements here recited also

are

not

are

of

accept the universal idea that

correct, and if the experiments significance, then we may

no

we

have

no

real place

completed, and if

after the seventy years are we are on borrowed time.

on

earth

we exceed this

If disease is acid accumulation, and if age and death are acid accumulations, then we can see a very definite

also

relation between any age, and a

Surely if

a

normal alkalinity and

greatly deferred end-point,

we

youthfulness

or

at

death.

do age from acid, and if acid formation is,

understanding of foods and nutrition, an entirely controllable affair, then we do have hope that by rigidly adhering to a non-acid-forming habit of eating we can not only pass up disease, but we can defer old age to a very long time in the future. through our later

Avoid Acidity and You Avoid Old Age The connection is perfectly plain, and surely we can do ourselves nothing but good in making secure our freedom from all sorts of acids daily as long as we live. There

is

a

It is fear of

makes

one that inspires respect and age generally means decrepitude

beautiful old age,

love, and it is a and discomfort.

pity that

decrepitude

more

than fear of death that

shrink from all idea of growing old, and this state is indeed pitiable in anyone. us

Of one thing we are certain, and that is that the state of

positively within our own control, and if we can as meaning anything, then we get old on account of acid accumulations, and acids we must fight so long as we live.

acidosis is

accept the indications

Whether

or not

the immediate occasion for failure is an

imbalance in the ductless

glands,

as

many

aver,

even

this

than has been stated, for, as is easily proved, when acidosis is gone the ductless glands are again means

nothing

more

in balance. So from whatever angle the

one

course

that

seems

we

to

view the subject of old age, be plain is to so arrange the

diet that acids cannot form beyond

them daily, at the

adequate for

same

every need.

time

our

making

power to neutralize

sure

that

drainage is

CAUSES OF ACIDITY

15

This is probably all we can do, aside from thinking properly, keeping young in spirit, taking enough outdoors and what exercise we can enjoy, and getting sufficient sleep every night.

14 Causes of Acidity, Ill Health, Old Age Advanced medical science is now generally agreed that the following are the 14 principal causes of an acid blood stream, with its resultant ill-health and premature old age: 1. Over-eating. That is to say, by consuming a

greater quantity of food than

digest

we

can

satisfactorily

and metabolize.

Such excess over-loads, clogs, and retards the whole process of digestion and elimination, resulting in the accumulation of toxic matter in the blood. Excess of meat. Protein food Leaves no bulk of

2.

digestion, and bulk is necessary for action of the bowel to work on.

waste matter after

the

peristaltic eating of refined foods, from which the of the original grain has been removed, such roughage as white bread and polished rice. if one can rightly These highly processed foods 3. The

call

them foods

real

food value has been

process of 4. The white

refining. eating of

flour,

such

are

concentrated starches whose

largely

removed in

the

all foods made from devitalized

pastry, cakes, pancakes, biscuits, etc. as

macaroni, spaghetti,

5. The eating of processed breakfast foods, whose minerals and vitamins have been destroyed or neutralized in the processing.

eating of pappy, messy and mushy foods puddings, pies, etc. The eating of the embalmed, highly seasoned

6. The

such 7.

as

16

HOW TO KEEP YOUNG AFTER FORTY

artificially preserved concoctions which seduce the eye in the delicatessen or ham and beef shops sausages, brawns, pickled this and spiced that, onions and beetroot preserved in vinegar and all the other and

gastronomic monstrosities so pleasing to the eye and the palate, and so ruinous to the health. 8. Eating too much cooked food in general and fried food in particular. Half the vital food value of nearly every foodstuff is destroyed in the cooking. Much of the minerals and vitamins are precipitated or

lost.

of tinned, chemicalized, and preserved of also reheated foods. foods, 10. Eating foods at the same meal which do not combine chemically such as eating bread and meat, 9. The

eating

porridge and meat, or a meat meal followed by ‘puddings’or sweets, or starches and acid fruits. These are all incompatible, leading to fermentation, acidity, and the general inefficiency of the whole digestive system. 11. The source

12.

of

excessive

use

of

sugar

a

notorious

acidity.

The excessive

drinking

of tea

or

coffee.

13. Insufficient exercise to stimulate bowel regularity and open the sweat glands. 14. Insufficient sunshine and rest. How the

The

Body

can be

Rebuilt

the fourteen

foregoing deadly sins that most commit their health and against their people against chances of keeping young after forty. These are the principal causes of acidity, illness, degenerative decay of the organs and a premature and unhappy old age. are

HOW THE BODY CAN BE REBUILT

If you would keep young after forty, therefore, you will examine your daily feeding habits to see how many of those 14 practices apply to you, and zf you are

wise you will stop offending nature from that moment.

and your

own health

Nature is

long-suffering,

but there is

to her toleration of abuses after

we

a

serious limit

have

passed

the

forty years’ mark. One of the great never

too

tradition and

late

on

begin

to

which

our

things

to remember is that it is

renounce most

of

us

rejuvenation

bad

the

with

a

feeding brought up,

old

have been

new

and better

scientific nutrition, which makes for a revolution in one’s health whenever the principles are consistently followed. The great thing to remember is that the body never stands still. It is either rebuilding its cell structure or the cell structure is in process of deterioration. In short, we are either rebuilding ourselves destroying ourselves, in strict accord with what eat

and how

we

or

we

live.

Don’t get this wrong. The putting on of excess weight is not necessarily a sign of healthy rebuilding

of the

body tissue. Usually, it is the

our

food is in

excess

reverse.

of

our

It

generally

indicates that

needs.

The fact that 80 per cent of the people over forty over-weight indicates primarily that their diet

are

consists of far too much

starchy

and sugary food.

The entire cell structure of the bone structure

body

except

the

is renewed every five years. Every the day average adult uses up some four ounces of his tissue. These dead cells are eliminated through the

blood stream.

18

HOW TO KEEP YOUNG AFTER FORTY

requires, therefore, approximately four ounces protein food in order to renew that tissue. So nature’s process of death and rebirth goes on day after day, year after year. If we eat wisely and live wisely, we can almost completely renew ourselves. That is to say, if today we are diseased, or organically unsound, we can, by small but important changes in our way of living, renew the diseased tissue or the unhealthy organs that are responsible for our He

of

bad condition. We can,

for

This is

a

who

people has

so

to

trade in

speak,

defective

organs

importance

for all

our

new ones.

not

fact of tremendous are

ill

reached

or

the

diseased, but whose condition stage from which it

cannot

recover.

By beginning today, ailment

or

substantially

we

can

be either cured of any or twelve

better in three, six

months. By

continuing literally

we can

on

in the

same

be ‘a new

reconstructive way woman, at the

man’, or

end of five years. This is one of the great principles to if you would keep young after forty.

keep

in mind

Amazing experiments by the great scientist Carrel, previously referred to by Dr Hay, uncover some of the startling secrets of the fountain of youth. He writes: The cell is immortal. It is merely the fluid in which it floats that degenerates. Renew this fluid at proper intervals, give the cell the proper nourishment upon which to feed, and, so far as we know, the pulsation of life may go on for ever.

Quickly, involuntarily, the thought

comes:

Why

not

PROPERLY-FED PEOPLE with man? Why

not

purge

the body

of the

worn

similar technique for renewing them so win immortality, or, at least, long life?

fluids, develop

a

Why Do Doctors Specialize in Disease? In his book The Wheel of Health, G.T.

(Lond.), Why

out

and

Wrench, M.D.

writes:

were

we

only taught disease? Why

was

it

presumed

that we knew all about health in its fulness? The teaching

wholly one-sided. Moreover, the basis of our teaching upon disease was pathology, namely, the appearance of that was

which is dead from disease. We made

Disease

no

was

studies of the healthy only the sick. the reason for our specialised existences.

was also a great abundance of it. Between its abundance and its need to ourselves its inevitability was

There

taken for granted. Gradually, however, a question forced itself upon me more and more insistently. Had not some of this ‘inevitability’attached to disease come about by our profession only viewing disease from within? What would happen if we reversed the process and started by learning all we

could about the healthiest people and animals whom

we

could discover? We

want

to know what is full health, whether the part illness and ailments play in modern civilized countries is really necessary, and, if not, upon what, primarily, does health depend? tremendous

One Example of

Practically judged by

a

all the the

Properly-Fed People people of the world

standards

of

the

new

feed

badly,

science

of

nutrition; but the so-called civilized races feed worst of all, because so much of their food is refined, processed, cooked, embalmed, and its vital food value

reduced

destroyed altogether. one small province follow the principles of sound or

But there is

in which the

people

nutrition and with

HOW TO KEEP YOUNG AFTER FORTY

20

amazing Dr

results.

Sir

Robert

LL.D., F.R.C.P.,

McCarrison, C.I.E., M.D., D.Sc., time physician to the Viceroy of

one

India, and a great dietitian, gives the following report the Hunzas.

on

The

Hunzas

live in the north of India, and Dr us with the following description

McCarrison furnishes

of their

magnificent physical

condition:

The diet of these people corresponds in many ways to that of the Sikhs, but they eat less meat, and, their stock being limited to goats their consumption of milk and milk products is less than that of the Sikhs. But they are great fruit-eaters, especially of apricots and mulberries, which they use in both the raw and the sun-dried state. The power of endurance of these

people is extraordinary:

to see a man of this race throw off his scanty garments,

revealing a figure which would delight the eye of a Rodin, and plunge into a glacier-fed river in the middle of winter, with as much unconcern as many of us would take a tepid bath, is to realise that perfection of physique and great physical endurance are attainable on the simplest of foods, provided these be of the right kind. These people are long-lived and vigorous in old age. them

Among

such people and duodenal

the

ailments

too

common

in

our

own

gastro-intestinal disorders, colitis, gastric ulcer and cancer are extraordinarily uncommon,

as

and I have no doubt whatever in my own mind that their freedom from these scourges of modern civilisation is due to three things: Their

use of simple, natural foodstuffs of the right their vigorous outdoor life, and (3) their fine bracing climate. It is some years now since I drew attention to the

(1)

kind;

(2)

freedom of these people from any of the maladies which so commonly afflict our own people, and found a reason for it in their With

use

of simple foodstuffs Hunzas, resistance

the

.

.

to

infection

is

remark-

THE McCARRISON REPORT able... Cancer is came across

a

so rare

single

case

that in nine years’ practice I never of it.

Striking Contrast Sir Robert McCarrison

A

observers contrast

was

impressed,

other

as

him, with the striking between the manly, stalwart and resolute had been before

in Northern India, developed, toneless and

races

contrasted to the

as

supine peoples

poorly

of Southern

India. He found that the diet of the hordes about Madras, the diet that is the worst in all India, was based on rice which had been soaked and polished, thus

removing

most of the vitamins and minerals.

take little milk, little fruit or vegetables, drink coffee with sugar, and chew the betel nut. Technically, their diet is deficient in vitamins, minerals and flesh-building proteins. No wonder they The

Madrasi

a sickly twenty-four.

are

There

race

were

no

and that the average life ends at

grey-bearded grandpas. It was rare forty. No one ever grew

for anyone to live beyond old. They died instead.

Comment In

on

Health

the McCarrison

via

Food, following commentary

Dr on

Report

Howard

Hay makes the

the report of Sir Robert

McCarrison: Numerous instances of longevity are reported from various quarters proving that men can, under certain circumstances, live to

a much greater age than the usual span. Perhaps the most striking instance in recent times is furnished by Dr Sir Robert McCarrison, formerly of the

British Army Medical Service, who reports that in

a

colony

HOW TO KEEP YOUNG AFTER FORTY

22

in the Himalayan region he found natives who

were so

old

that it would be hard to believe their records correct, yet he was able to detect possible errors in their way of not

keeping

these records.

Ages

to

up

and

well

beyond

a

century

were

very

common among them.

found

He

men

recently children.

over

of well attested age up to 100 years and

married and raising families of healthy

Men said to be well over one hundred years of age were

working in the fields with younger men and doing as much work as any, in fact, looking so like the younger men that able to distinguish the older from the younger. Beyond a small amount of milk or cheese, which were considered luxuries, the rest of the food consisted of grains in their normal state, nuts, vegetables and fruits and most

he was not

of this He none

was eaten raw.

that these people were never sick; they had of the usual diseases of the civilised countries. They

reported

could not afford to There no

case

cause them.

during his nine years’ residence in this post, indigestion, constipation, appendicitis, gastric or

was,

of

duodenal

ulcer; no cancer, tuberculosis, kidney disease, gallstones, asthma, hay fever; he never heard of a case of cold

or

Is it

free

pneumonia or pleurisy. possible that these people

from

disease because

live so long and are so they live very largely on the

natural foods?... The largest mass example of longevity is that furnished by Sir Robert McCarrison, and surely comprises enough instances to make a sort of criterion that favours natural

foods. What McCarrison Did

Writing

in his book

The Wheel

of Health,

Dr G.T.

Wrench states: Robert

McCarrison,

McCarrison, qualified

now

Major-General

Sir

Robert

medical practitioner at Queen’s University, Belfast in 1900. He entered the Indian Medical as

a

WHAT McCARRISON DID Service and sailed for India He

was

posted

as

troops,

stationed

Chitral,

between

on

23

his twenty-third birthday.

regimental medical officer as

warden

to

the

to the Indian

frontier march

the

Gilgit Agency the West, in the heart of

on

the

East

of and

a country likely to Afghanistan on one of utmost significance in the history of food. McCarrison had the inborn mind of a research worker. He

prove

quickly displayed it in the accustomed research.

manner

of medical

transferred to the Central Institute, well equipped laboratories, scientific colleagues and literature offer. In 1927 McCar.rison was appointed Director of Nutrition In

1913

Kasauli,

he

with

was

its

Research in india under the research Fund Association. He not only director, he was, as he told the members of Royal Commission on Agriculture in india, the only officer engaged on work on nutrition, so he had, as it were only to direct himself. He was given a laboratory and headquarters at Coonoor, upon the beautiful Nilgira plateau was

the

of the Madras Presidency, and there he directed his work and that of his excellent Indian assistants to the transference of Hunza, Sikh and Pathan to of the health

experimental

science.

For this work McCarrison chose albino rats. Rats

are

largely used in nutritional laboratories. They offer many advantages for experimental work on foods. They are omnivorous and they like practically all human food. They are small animals and therefore cheap to feed. They breed readily in captivity, and their span of life is short, so that their whole life history can be watched. The first object of McCarrison was

to

see

if the rats in

their small sphere of life could be made exceptional in physique and health. He put them in good conditions of air, sunlight and cleanliness, and he chose as a diet for them, one based on those of the three peoples of excellent physique, the Hunza, the Pathans and the Sikhs. Disease was Abolished! The diet given to the rats was of wholemeal wheat flour,

butter, sprouted pulse, fresh

chapattis of flat bread made lightly smeared with fresh raw

carrots

and fresh

raw

HOW TO KEEP YOUNG AFTER FORTY

24

cabbage ad libitum, unboiled milk, with bones once for

a

a

small ration of meat

week and an abundance of water, both

drinking and washing. experiment 1,189 rats were watched the twenty-seventh month, an age in the

In this to

from birth

rat which

corresponds to that of about fifty-five years in a man. The rats were killed and carefully examined at all ages up to the twenty-seventh month of life by naked-eye post-mortem The

examination.

result

was

remarkable.

Disease

was

abolished. This astonishing consequence, however, must be given in McCarrison’s own words in the first of two lectures given at the College of Surgeons in 1931. ‘During the past two and a quarter years there has been no case

of albino rats, of illness in this “universe”

from natural

no

death

the adult stock, and, but for a few accidental deaths no infantile mortality. Both clinically and at post-mortem examination this stock has been shown to causes

in

be remarkably free from disease. It may be that some of them have cryptic disease of one kind or another, but, if so, I

have

failed

to

find

either

evidence of it.’ By putting the rats on a people of northern India the

clinical

or

microscopical

diet similar to that of certain

rats became ‘hunzarised’,that is they ‘enjoyed remarkable freedom from disease’, words used by McCarrison in 1925 of the Hunza. They even went

further. Except for an occasional tapeworm cyst they had visible disease at all.

no

Diet, the Key to Health The only thing, therefore that was common to rat and man in this first experiment was the diet. Here in the great cleft of Hunza was a little oasis of a few thousand beings of

perfect health, and here in the cages of Coonoor was a little oasis of a thousand or more albino rats also in

almost

health. The only link connection between these two otherwise dissimilar sets of living things was a similar kind of diet.

perfect

McCarrison same

constant

linked up other batches of rats in the conditions of cleanliness and comfort with

now

other peoples of India by their diets. He was in a most enviable position for trying out diets as a whole. The Indian

WHAT McCARRISON DID

25

sub-continent provides so many different races and different habits and diets. Hence McCarrison was able to sit in his sanctum at Coonoor and connect up his rats with teeming peoples near and far, and in the mirror of the rats

read the dietetic fates of the peoples. He took the customary diets of the poorer peoples of Bengal and Madras, consisting of rice, pulses, vegetables, condiments, perhaps He gave these to rats.

a

little milk.

Now this diet immediately opened the lid of Pandora’s box for the rats of Coonoor, and diseases and miseries of many kinds flew forth. McCarrison made a list of them as on faulty Indian diets. The rats which were fed on the diets eaten by millions of Indians of Bengal and Madras, got diseases of every organ they possessed, namely eyes, noses, ears, lungs, hearts, stomachs, intestines, kidneys, bladders, reproductive organs, blood, ordinary glands, special glands, and nerves.

found by him in 2,243 rats fed

The liver and brain, it may be noted, do not occur in the list. The liver was as a fact found to be diseased in

conjunction with the diseases of the gastro-intestinal tract. The examination of the brain requires a careful opening of the small bony brain case of the rat and adds greatly to the time needed for post-mortem examinations. In a list given five years later in the Cantor Lectures, McCarrison adds a few further diseases such as general

weakness, lassitude, irritability, loss of hair, ulcers, boils, bad teeth, crooked spines, distorted vertebrae and so on. A Convincing Experiment a later experiment, McCarrison gave a set of rats the diet of the poorer classes of England; white bread, margarine, sweetened tea, boiled vegetables, tinned meats and jams of In

the cheaper sort. On this diet, not only did the rats grow badly, but they developed what one might call rat-neurasthenia, and more than neurasthenia. ‘They were nervous and apt to bite their attendants; they lived unhappily together and by the sixteenth day of the experiment they began to kill and eat the weaker

amongst them.’ We can add neurasthenia and ferocity to weaker brethren to the list.

ones

Female rats, fed by McCarrison

on

the foods of the poor

HOW TO KEEP YOUNG AFTER FORTY

26

Madrassi foods

or

Bengali

comparable to ‘the poorer class give their conceptions

Britisher’s diet’ sometimes failed to

anything more than a start and a brief course. They sometimes only got as far as producing false starts. They got inflammation of the womb and ovaries and this led to abortion or premature birth. Sometimes there was no start

all, and they died without delivering themselves of their offspring. ‘Often I have seen deficiently fed rats that die in at

pregnancy’, said McCarrison

in his lecture.

Disease is the Censor

faulty feeding are not permanent in the race. They are not stamped into the race ineradicably by heredity. On the contrary, almost at a stride they could be abolished. Treat one generation rightly in the matter of food and bring and keep the next generation within the same correct feeding and the change would be effected. Meanwhile we know that the poor-European or poorMadrassi-fed The effects of

rat is made the weakling that he is by the food he gets. His degeneracy is Food is a condition A

good

or

acquired. a primary condition

of environment.

bad condition of this environment is

mainly dependent upon man himself. It is within his power to make almost miraculous changes.

The prevention and banishment of disease

are

primarily

food; secondarily, of suitable conditions of environment. Antiseptics, medicaments, inoculations, and extirpating operations evade the real problem. Disease is the censor pointing out the humans, animals and plants who are

matters

of

imperfectly nourished. Its continuance proofs that the methods used obscure, the radical problem.

Russian Research A good deal of

research

into

and its increase are

they do not attack,

the

problem

of

the life span is going on in Russia. One of Russia’s best-known Dr scientists, Alexander Bogomolets, is one of the world’s foremost

prolonging

RUSSIAN RESEARCH authorities on the

Dr

Bogomolets

subject

we

old age... It because what other illness any just accustomed to regard as normal old age is

be treated are

actually

longevity.

wrote:

struggle against

‘One can and must can

of

27

an

as

abnormal, premature phenomenon.’

To support this theory, Bogomolets has spent 35 years of intensive research in the field of longevity. On his sixtieth birthday, this brilliant scientist insisted that he was far from an old man and said: ‘It may sound paradoxical but a man of 60 or 70 is still young. He has lived only half his natural life. This is not difficult to prove.’

Bogomolets offers many arguments to support his theory, arguments based on scientific facts that have won

the

attention in

respect of doctors throughout the world.

and

longevity specialists The Bogomolets Institute to

in Kiev sent

a

special

and expedition

Abkhazia in the Caucasian Mountains.

Twelve persons with ages ranging between 107 and 135 years were examined by members of the expedition. All of them

were

extraordinarily healthy

individuals,

youngster of 107, confessed that he was planning to get married! Bogomolets and his associates insist that such cases and

one

of them,

a

longevity are not freaks, but can be normally expected in a healthy society where human beings live intelligently and where the total efforts of mankind are able to be devoted to combating disease. Nearly 30,000 persons have passed the century mark in the U.S.S.R. today, according to the Bogomolets Institute. of

HOW TO KEEP YOUNG AFTER FORTY

28

Honey and Long Life Another Russian scientist

circularized 200

recently

over 100 years. He asked had earned their living and what was

Russians who had lived them how

they

their principal food. He writes: ‘We got 150 replies. We made A

discovery. But

all

large

of

them, food had

principal

interesting bee-keepers. without exception, said their always been honey. They sold honey and themselves ate the

number of them

a

very

were

most of their pure scrap at the bottom of the hives.’

honey

We don’t know what scientific value that has, but honey as one of the great foods.

scientists rate

A food that without

can

be stored for

a

any of its food value

losing special qualities.

hundred years

certainly

must

have some

Historical records of all countries are dotted with of honey-eating nonagenarians and centenarians.

cases

Pliny reported that the tax records in A.D. 76 of the bee-keeping region between the Apennines and the River Po in ancient Rome, revealed that there were 124 people who had passed the century mark. Prominent medical scientists of modern times were loud in their praises of honey. Sir William Arbuthnot Lane strongly recommended honey as a heart and muscle stimulant and as a source of energy. He declared that there was no better food to meet muscular

fatigue

and exhaustion.

Honey contains about 40 per cent of levulose (fruit sugar) and 34 per cent dextrose or glucose. It also contains vitamins and minerals. Unlike other sugars, honey does not irritate the digestive membranes.

it is

kidneys

rapidly

and

easily

assimilated. It spares the

and reduces tissue destruction.

INSURANCE COMPANY’S COMMENTS It is a remarkable source of energy.

natural and

Finally,

29

it has

a

laxative effect.

gentle

a remarkable energy food, being sugar in its purest form, entirely free from the acid-forming evils of white sugar or brown sugar. Honey should always be substituted for white or

Honey

is

brown sugar. These refined sugars neutralize the calcium in the blood, and so set up tooth decay and bone troubles. In

the calcium in

neutralizing

literally robbing

importance,

only

not

our

blood, sugar is

of calcium. Calcium is of vital

us

to the bone and tooth structure,

lungs, the heart, and to organism generally. Anything which robs us of valuable calcium in our food is an enemy of good health. Why put an enemy but to the nerves, the

the human

into

our

mouths?

A person who values health will always use honey instead of jam, and honey instead of refined sugar

(raw still

sugar is

an

shade better than white sugar. but it is

a

acid-forming product).

If you

are

a

honey in your

sweet-tooth, try half tea.

Use

it

in

a

desserts

teaspoon of and

in cake

making. is

Cut out white, brown and raw sugar altogether. It a poisonous product, without one redeeming

feature. Insurance Company Discusses the Problem Mr Louis I. Dublin, as Vice-President of the Metropolitan Life Insurance Co. of America, made the

following contribution prolongation of human

to this life:

intriguing subject,

the

30

HOW TO KEEP YOUNG AFTER FORTY During most of history, progress towards a longer has been slow, but the trend has not retrogressed. In ancient

Rome

the

expectation of life

Life

at birth was

under 25 years; pestilence, famine, war and the harsh servitude of the masses led to heavy mortality.

probably

Toward the end of the 17th century, according to a life table computed by the English astronomer, Halley, for the city of Breslau, the average length was 33Y2 years.

By

1850, in America, the average had increased to

a

than 40 years. Then came the modern sanitary era. Advances in public health curbed the terrible in-roads of cholera, diphtheria, tuberculosis and typhoid, and set up systems of protection little

more

over water

and milk supplies.

result, the expectation of life in the United States by 1900 had advanced to about 50 years. As

The

a

years

added

since

that

date

are

the

result

of an

application of our knowledge of disease prevention, and a general and profound improvement in the standard of living. intensive

Hope Lies in Scientific Nutrition But hope for a longer life is not

based alone on successful

attacks against individual disease problems. There are wide possibilities in a new field

knowledge of nutrition. Research indicates that

important influence

on our

what

we

eat

the growing

may

have

an

length of life.

For instance, as the result of experimenting with the diets of pregnant women, it is entirely possible that proper pre-natal feeding will save the lives of many thousands of infants and launch them into a healthier childhood.

Child

feeding, too, is now practically an exact science. knowledge, along with control of infections, is largely responsible for the fact that infant mortality is only a small

This

fraction of what it was two or three decades ago. An example of the tremendous contribution which

the science of nutrition has made to a longer life is found in the statement by Professor Henry Sherman, of Columbia: ‘A generous surplus of calcium results in better development of the young, a higher norm of adult health, and a

HORMONE THERAPY longer lease of what This is but one

we may

call the prime of life.’

example of what the new science of nutrition is doing to increase our vitality and thereby our average length of life.

The Glands of Long Life Science may have still another approach to the problem of life extension. It has to do with malfunction of the endocrine glands. Recent investigations show that such malfunctions appear to increase as we grow older. Hopes have been raised that our knowledge of endocrine functions might give us a measure of control over the aging since glandular deficiencies may administering the appropriate hormone. One problem awaiting exploration is

process,

be

treated by

the extent of

the already known chemical relationship between vitamins and hormones. Many of the glands which produce the

hormones

depositories for the vitamins. deficiency may therefore play some part in

are also

A vitamin

a hormone disorder. Conversely, adequate vitamin intake promotes proper hormonal balance. To sum up, modern science offers the promise of, first, greater vitality and longer life through correct nutrition.

producing

Secondly, by correcting disturbances

in the

chemistry of

whole concept of the prime of life may be changed and we may be able to carry the activities of our prime years well into old age. our

bodies,

Hormone

Since

our

Therapy and

the

foregoing

the Glands was

written

the

science

of

keeping young after forty and prolonging life to a ripe old age has made great progress. No longer need we seek some magic hormone to inject into ourselves to stimulate our flagging glands. Science now knows how to feed the glands. It now knows that vitamins and cell salts are the food of the glands. By applying this new knowledge, we are able to

HOW TO KEEP YOUNG AFTER FORTY

32

ensure that the glands function normally and efficiently and pour their hormones into the blood, enabling the human mechanism to ‘tickover’with the rhythm of a perfectly functioning motor engine. It is by incorporating the knowledge we now possess of vitamins and cell salts in the new science of nutrition, that we may look with perfect confidence to the solution of the problem of how to keep young after forty. Indeed, there was no real science of nutrition until the new and wonderful facts about vitamins were first discovered half a century ago.

Dr Gayelord Hauser The

writings

on

the New Nutrition

and lectures of Dr

Gayelord

Hauser

are

of the most interesting and hopeful features of the new and scientific health knowledge that is sweeping America. Thousands of people flock to his lectures and

now one

hundreds of thousands read his books

on

the

new

science of nutrition. The results he has obtained

nothing He

short of

now

has

are

amazing. a

clientele of several thousands of who look to his advice and the

new important people of nutrition them and to health give good principles from even minor freedom from and disease complete

ailments.

Hollywood film stars and thousands of high-salaried persons, who just can’t afford to be ill, swear by the new scientific health knowledge that Dr Gayelord is popularizing, built on the wonderful foundation laid by such famous medical scientists as Dr John Harvey Kellogg and Dr William Howard Hay, to mention only two. Most of the

other

33

GAYELORD HAUSER ON NUTRITION

book, Diet Does It! Dr Hauser deals with the of problem keeping young after forty as follows: In his

Middle age brings certain health problems which must considered and solved. Every time I face an audience,

be

no

matter in what part of the United States it may be, I realise this anew. There are the foremen who are worried about their

in the face of younger why they get so tired.

There

are

competition and

the women who have had

a

at themselves in the mirror and saw that

long, candid look they are a bit too

heavy, their double chins an ugly actuality. There are the successful business men stomachs who have

lately and who

are

seen a number

jobs

who want to know

with oversize

of their friends keel

over

frightened.

There are all the other people with stiff knees and arthritic, aching joints. They and others come in an endless, monotonous procession. Only a conscious and intelligent readjustment in a correct mode of living can make of middle age a healthy and useful period of life.

The New Knowledge Shamefully Neglected Until recently we had no knowledge of

how to prevent degenerative changes that set in at middle age. Even now, this newer knowledge is being shamefully neglected. Chronic diseases are not dramatic except in the way their victims die but are insidious and subtle in their first

stages. Since the span of life has for years been held at fifty-five years, a subconscious belief still exists that at forty we enter old age and should expect aches and paws. People frequently accept abnormalities without doing anything to overcome them with the simple expression, ‘It’s my age’. Such an attitude is foolish indeed, for abnormalities

need not be accepted. The average length of life has been stretched tremendously until the years between forty and sixty can be the prime of life, where our best work can be done.

34

HOW TO KEEP YOUNG AFTER FORTY Innumerable studies and experiments have proved that can prevent most of the diseases that strike at middle age; the results are almost as startling as the

correct nutrition

conquest of yellow fever through draining of swamps. Arthritis, high blood pressure, diabetes, and many other diseases

are

conditions

no

as

longer considered hopeless. Even such

these

be curbed to allow many years of

can

useful, comfortable life. There is no such thing one

the person in perfect health

as

day who drops dead of heart disease, for example, the

next. In such a case, the heart

months

degenerated

over

a

period of

but the subtle, first signs of trouble were probably ignored, or laid to indigestion. Regardless of the nature of any disease, changes leading to that disease or allowing the body to become susceptible or even years,

to it were

taking place

over an

extended period prior to the

appearance of the disease itself.

things for degenerative changes which develop into non-infectious diseases; in the early two stages of chronic disease, when there is decreased functional activity of an organ and when there is passive congestion of organs under great irritation, a planned diet can easily restore good health. If an organ shows actual degeneration, a great deal can

Specifically,

correct

nutrition

can do many

you: it can, first of all, prevent these

be done to bring about structure and function...

still

repair

and both

normal

Health After Forty Many people arrive at middle age having enjoyed such good health without careful attention to their habits of eating that they erroneously

assume

this good health will

continue.

Actually, judged by high standards, most such people have by no means enjoyed as perfect health as they have imagined for themselves, but actually suffer many abnormalities such as colds, constipation, blotchy skin, overweight or underweight, but they have confused health with mere

absence of

The

body,

severe

disease.

however,

is

resistant

to

an

unbelievable

GAYELORD HAUSER ON NUTRITION

35

amount of mistreatment during the earlier years, mainly because the amount of exercise taken makes it possible to eat

fairly generous amount of foods. forty, exercise is decreased and the food intake must be curtailed unless one wishes to become overweight. The inadequate diet, together with the neglect of the preceding years, quickly shows itself in wrinkles, greying hair, loss of teeth and hair, lowered resistance to disease a

After

and decreased libido. In other words, under

perhaps you forty and get away with

can neglect your health it, at least to a certain

extent; after forty, you cannot. Health after forty is what you make it. This fact must be faced. After forty, far more than during your earlier years, your health is entirely in your own hands... Correct nutrition promises to become more and more in the prevention of premature middle age. It has been shown, for instance, that the need for vitamins is as

important

great after forty as it is in childhood. Dr Cowgill has found that vitamin B1 deficiency among middle aged people, especially men, is quite pronounced.

Experiments recently concluded in England indicate the bones and teeth are rebuilt throughout life and that the need for calcium and vitamin D does not diminish with age,

previously believed In the clear light of research and statistics the only insurance against premature senility is careful attention to as

nutrition and hygiene. This offers the solid

substantiated, one

can

be

hope, hope already definitely that middle age can be free from illness and as efficient as during the earlier years of

maturity. The Golden Age of Life All too often one hears someone remark that he does not wish to live beyond the age of sixty-five or seventy-five. Such a speaker is associating the later years with decrepitude and illness

so

common

that they are thought of

as

inevitable. Actually, for the person who has knowledge of scientific nutrition and who applies it, these years should truly be the

36

HOW TO KEEP YOUNG AFTER FORTY Golden Age... Unless irreparable can at

damage has already been done, health be built up at any age, regardless of whether one starts

sixty-five

or at

ninety.

student of mine, a man of seventy-six, who has suffered for many years from faulty elimination, nervousness, I recall

a

neuritis, underweight, and insomnia. At this time he enrolled in one of my nutrition classes and applied the teachings religiously by eating daily the foods supplying all the nutrients his body required. He made it a rule to undereat. As each year passed, his health improved. He found that he felt better and had more energy than he had had during

the previous thirty

years. At eight-five he was erect, mentally and physically alert, and his eyes were so keen that he could read as much as he

desired and drive his

car at night. frequently remarked at seventy-five that he was living on borrowed time; at eighty-five he would remark that he was living on earned time, for he knew he had earned his health through his own efforts.

He had

Planning

for Health

Adelle Davis, eminent American nutritional scientist, writes as under, in Vitality through planned nutrition.

Planning

you mother’s health. For years your mother has you by insisting that you eat this food

probably annoyed

and that. Let us turn the tables and check up on her diet. She has been warned by physicians, magazine articles and

lectures to feed her children correctly; yet almost nothing has been told her about what she herself should eat. If she is to keep free from unnecessary fatigue, to have the calm, even disposition necessary to run a well-organized household, and to maintain the courage to tackle her problems her diet must be adequate. Does she drink enough milk? Does she get a dependable of the vitamin-B complex? Is she drinking too much coffee? Does her colour indicate that she needs more iron? source

Does she get iodine daily?

37

PLANNING FOR HEALTH

Sometimes it is difficult to make a mother build up her health. If your mother is evasive in this respect, use a

own

bit of psychology

(she

has

probably used

it with you often

enough). The chances are she will do anything for you. If you insist upon the correct foods for yourself, your mother will eat these same health-giving foods with you, because there is little likelihood of her

cooking separate meals merely

to

cater to her own wishes.

Planning you father’s health. Let us check up on dad. He has much responsibility and his work is probably difficult and nerve racking. He needs energy, stamina, and perseverance qualities closely related to the foods he eats. need much larger amounts of vitamin-B complex than women do, make sure your father’s diet Since

men

meets his daily requirements in this respect. Get him to eat wheatgerm. See that only 100 per cent whole-grain breads and cereals are served. You might make a wager with him that if he takes two heaping tablespoonsful of powdered yeast stirred in fruit juices every day for a week, he will feel better. You are sure to win.

Since

a

man’s work is

frequently

calcium intake should be high. Unless

week, he needs

the sunshine at least once

a

vitamin D

calcium

in

order

that

nerve

racking, his

your father gets into

may be

some

form of

absorbed

efficiently.

Magnesium found in green vegetables also appears to be important in relaxing the nerves. As in any other case, if your father is to be healthy, every body requirement must be met. Grandmother and grandfather. If you tackle the task of improving the diets of your grandparents, the chances are that you will find that you have a real problem on your hands. Older people take little exercise and therefore

cannot eat a large quantity of food. Unless there is definite planning, the diet of a person over fifty-five years old is usually appallingly deficient in almost every respect. A deficiency of vitamin-B complex, causing constipation, gas and indigestion, is almost the rule rather than the exception.

Many foods conditions

are

worse;

avoided for fear of making these the already defective digestion and

38

HOW TO KEEP YOUNG AFTER FORTY absorption

are

aggravated by the

use

of cathartics. The

deficiency must be overcome before other requirements may be well absorbed into the blood. How B-complex

long has it been since your grandparents have taken a sunbath? Have they ever taken cod-liver oil? Do they bruise easily? If the diet of older people is to be adequate, every bite of food eaten should be chosen because of its capacity to build health. Though smaller amounts of food will be used, the same basic dietary holds good. Professor Irving Fisher Professor Irving Fisher in How to Live, writes of a physician, now 86 years of age who had worked long hours daily for sixty years with few interruptions

from illness, and that: As

no

vacations. He tells

us

of this

man

boy

he was weak, but he took up some branches of

individual

hygiene as a religion. He has had a very successful physician, surgeon, and executive head of a large

a

career

as

hospital. He has carried a

have turned off it,

as

as

heavy load of responsibility. Few people much work per day,

or as many years

of

he.

In fact, his life has been full of overstrain mentally, and he has often been short of sleep. In these respects he has not led a hygienic life. For his unusual

has relied chiefly

vitality and continued working power he

on

diet and elimination.

Foregoing suggested, of course, that to keep young after forty you should adopt all of the Spartan diet, exercise and personal hygiene set out in the foregoing examples. These examples are of great interest, but very few The Lesson of the

It is not

LESSONS TO BE LEARNT

the rugged will-power

people possess

themselves to such The

point

changed the and

to

subject

to

regime.

note,

however, is that this doctor

of his life from disease to health, amazing vigour and vitality at an

course

achieved

advanced

a

age

by

(1)

foods

cutting

from

devitalizing consisting chiefly of fruit, (3) by vigorous exercise. It cannot be too much

out

all

dead

his

and diet

diet; (2) by salads and vegetables and a

emphasized

that

vigorous

exercise in itself would not have enabled the doctor to achieve such remarkable health. Exercise is of

importance

in that it

quickens

the

body’s metabolism. That is to say, exercise obliges us to breathe more deeply and freely, assists in burning the body’s wastes, organic functioning.

up

and

speeds

up

the

whole

But without a vital diet exercise is of only limited value in enabling us to keep young after forty. If exercise were the secret, then every person leading an active outdoor life or doing hard physical work, should be an example of excellent health. The fact is that the health of such persons is not much better, on the average, than that of the rest of the community. The reason for this is because the diet of the

generally

average of the He

joiner, carpenter, bricklayer, navvy, boilermaker, etc., is appallingly bad from the point of view

new

science of nutrition.

usually

eats

heartily of meat and bread stuffs, woefully deficient in the organic

but his diet is often

minerals and vitamins essential for sound health. This is proved by the very high incidence of kidney

disease,

stomach ulcers, and

cancer

among the fore-

40

HOW TO KEEP YOUNG AFTER FORTY

of workers, and the fact that their life span is not above the average. If men engaged in these active, outdoor pursuits

going types

combined with their

everyday lives the new principles they would enjoy remarkably good health, immunity from ill health and disease, and live, on an average, to an exceptional age. of scientific nutrition,

The Science of Nutrition In

recent

years the science of nutrition has made

stupendous advances, and it is now possible to say positively that all diseases are both preventable and curable, provided they have not reached the stage of organic breakdown. It is within the power of all resolute, intelligent persons to apply the new principles of nutrition to obtain immunity from ill health and disease for the term of their natural lives. And similarly, it is within the power of all persons of equal resolution and intelligence to cure themselves of any human ailment, provided it has not progressed to the point of organic breakdown, and so enjoy good health for the rest of their lives. This is a revolutionary statement to make, and it is not made lightly. It is based upon the facts and experience of modern medical science. We stress the need for resoluteness and intelligence because it requires no small effort of will to break with the old discredited feeding tradition and intelligently and persistently apply the new principles. To those who make the

beyond compute. day of the year

effort, the rewards

are

health every is in itself the greatest thing that Good health

this world has to offer.

good

FUNCTION OF PROTEIN FOODS Without an

health, all the wealth of Croesus is merely

embarrassment to its possessor. But good health has many attractive handmaidens

attendance upon here greater zest for life, the constant feeling that no task is beyond the range of our abundant energies. Worry, too, sits far more

dancing

upon the shoulders of the person physically well and able to bear it. And then there is far greater zest for food, and a

lightly

far greater

capacity lightly disregarded. But

mere

words

for

are

happiness

prizes

quite inadequate

good things of life which go hand first-class health. All that

we

not to be

to assess the

in hand with

know is that without it life is miserable

indeed. The Function of Protein Foods For its efficient functioning, the body requires several food substances, chemicals and vitamins. The first essential in the science of nutrition is is the body builder. The skin, and internal organs consist of protein. lungs cell, every drop of blood is built of protein.

protein.

Protein

muscles,

Every Every day the body burns up about four ounces of protein tissue, even if we are engaged in the lightest physical duties. This must be replaced to maintain our normal weight. Protein foods are of two kinds, spoken of as first class and second class proteins. First class proteins are meat, cheese, eggs, fish, milk, liver, wheatgerm, nuts and soya beans. Most vegetable proteins are regarded as second class proteins. The essential thing to remember about protein

HOW TO KEEP YOUNG AFTER FORTY

42

enough. That is to say, doing light physical work should eat about 4 ounces of varied protein food daily. Many common bodily ailments stem from lack of protein. Nutritional anaemia for example, backache, dropsy, and other disorders. Protein protects the liver against infection and poisons. It regulates the amount of fluid in body tissues, helps to heal cuts, wounds, and burns. The foods is that adults should eat

a man

or woman

health of skin, hair, and nails depends upon adequate protein intake. Poor posture could reveal a shortage of protein. Protein is important in the clotting of blood. It helps build the enzymes, hormones, and antibodies in the body, without which life would be

impossible. All proteins amino acids (22

composed of substances called all) needed for tissue forming. The amino acids may be regarded as the body’s ultimate building blocks because they are combined together to meet the requirements of individual cells. There is evidence in Australia that many elderly people are lacking in protein foods. No more than 10 per cent of your total daily food should consist of protein. Recent researches show that greater human efficiency is produced when the protein foods consist chiefly of dairy products, eggs, cheese, wheatgerm, liver and brewers’ yeast. are

in

Importance of Fats Fats. Next in

and Carbohydrates importance are the fats

butter, peanut butter, cheese, milk, meat, bacon, cereal oils. Meat fats,

soya beans, nuts and on

account

of their

supplied by egg-yolk, vegetable and

cream,

high

cholesterol

43

FATS AND CARBOHYDRATES content, are inferior to

vegetable

and cereal oils.

Body fats cushion the internal organs, them from shocks and jars. Because fats

the and

poor heat conductors, they insulate interior against extremes of cold

are

body’s and

heat

protecting

assist

in

the

maintenance

of

normal

in the body temperature. In tract. the fats retard its stomach, digestive emptying and are therefore very sustaining foods. Fats make possible the assimilation of the fat Fats

act

as

lubricants

soluble vitamins A, D, E, F and K, therefore fat-free diets

can

but

their

dangerous to health. Carbohydrates which comprise the starchy and sugary foods, do not contribute to bodily structures, energy.

prove

presence

is essential

Carbohydrates

are

for

the

consequently

release

of

known

as

energy foods, and when consumed in excess of bodily needs are converted into fat which is stored by the

body. principal carbohydrates are bread and other products, cereals, dried fruits, dates, and certain fruits and vegetables with a high starch or sugary content i.e., grapes, figs, plums, bananas, sweet The

flour

potatoes, parsnips and potatoes, also sugar, honey, etc. The fact should not be overlooked that almost all

carbohydrate value due to their sugar example, the juice of an average sized orange has a sugar content equal to 50 calories. The person who desires to keep young after forty will omit from his diet such dead foods as white flour, white bread, white and brown sugar, polished rice and processed breakfast cereals. fruits

have

a

content. For

These

are

fourth-rate, acid-forming foods. The

HOW TO KEEP YOUNG AFTER FORTY

44

precious minerals and vitamins are removed from the foregoing ‘foods’ in the process of refining and all that is left is a constipating, low value mass which, by itself, could Such

not sustain the life of a rat.

foods

nutrition, and his health

place self-respecting by eating them. have

no

in

the

science

person will

no

of

jeopardize

Dr Alexis Carrel says in Man the Unknown... the public has been made to believe that white bread is better than brown. Then, flour has been bolted more and

deprived of its most useful permits its preservation for longer periods and facilitates the making of bread. The millers and bakers earn more money. The consumers eat an inferior product, believing it to be a superior one. And in more

thoroughly

and

Such

components.

thus

treatment

countries where bread is the principal food, the population degenerates. Enormous amounts of money are spent for

publicity. The same remarks

ready-to-serve

life in stock, but Refined

White

apply

to the

widely advertised,

breakfast cereals which cannot maintain are

fed every

day

to children.

Sugar

or

brown sugar robs the dental caries.

body

of its

precious

calcium, causing

White or brown sugar possesses an energy (calorie) value, but only at the price of excessive acid formation. Let us regard it for what it is a pseudo-food, sweetness without sustenance. To those who would keep young after forty, we

suggest that you train yourself

altogether. honey. There

are

If

you

many

are

a

sources

to do without sugar

‘sweet-tooth’, substitute of sugar in the diet of

45

IMPORTANCE OF VITAMIN B COMPLEX

which the average person is not aware. There are two

natural, that is, unprocessed sugars, known and fructose, which are all fruits and vegetables.

widely

as

glucose

distributed in almost

sugars are particularly rich in grapes, dried fruits, honey, pineapple and carrots. potatoes, About 5 per cent of milk is sugar, known as milk These

sugar or lactose. Most starch foods

change

into sugar in the digestive apples is changed into

process. Even the malic acid in sugar. All such sugars

are natural, valuable sugars superior in nutritional value to refined sugar.

vastly

A Vitamin-Rich Diet

Perhaps the greatest single fact about the science of nutrition is this: That a vitamin-rich diet is the most important factor

in

helping

us

keep

young

after forty.

We have space here to deal with the vitamins

very briefly: Vitamin A: Essential to

a

only

healthy skin, good sight,

resistance to infection, etc. Best sources are dairy products, carrots, apricots, parsley, spinach, beet and turnip tops, lettuce, mustard greens and liver. For first-class

units

health

we

require

2,500

international

daily.

One Vitamin A capsule of 2,500 i.u.’s should be taken daily to make good Vitamin A deficiences in

the diet. Vital Importance of Vitamin B Complex Vitamin B complex consists of 12 or more vitamins, some of which are as yet little known.

HOW TO KEEP YOUNG AFTER FORTY

46 The

most

important

of the B

vitamins

complex

are:

(thiamin). Plays an important part in energy, preventing fatigue, keeping the giving nerves in sound health, promoting growth, appetite is also essential for and reproduction. Vitamin and for preventing bowel action good digestion, regular Vitamin B1 us

neuritis. Vitamin B2 (riboflavin). Helps healthy and our sight good. It also

keep helps to

to

skin

our

burn the

fuel to produce energy. Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine). Of great value in nerves relaxed and in preventing muscular

body

keeping fatigue.

Useful in neuro-muscular disorders. Niacinamide blood, and

promotes

digestive

the

health

of

the

skin,

tract.

helps to prevent old age changes, greying hair, loss of hair, wrinkled skin, etc. in all conditions of stress and in allergies. Helps Para-amino-benzoic acid (called Paba for short), is important in promoting the normal function of the glands and in preventing grey hair. Folic acid, valuable in retaining the natural colour of the hair, is also of benefit in simple anaemia, and deficiency anaemias, namely sore mouth and tongue, Panthothenic acid

such

as

etc. Inositol

stimulates the growth of hair. Has a beneficial action upon the eyes, skin and muscular tissue. Biotin, valuable in vital energy and in promoting mental and skin health. Choline, important in in

maintaining Vitamin

B1

normal 2,

keeping weight.

valuable

in

the liver

healthy

and

pernicious anaemia,

47

TWO SUPER FOODS

osteo-arthritis, glossitis and bursitis. There are other B vitamins which

are not

yet well

understood. Owing to the general use of white bread, white flour, polished rice and devitalized breakfast foods, there is an alarming deficiency of the vitally important

complex vitamins in the diet of 95 per cent of population. This deficiency has given rise to a huge crop of ailments such as poor appetite, constipation, dyspepsia, the

stomach ulcers,

nervous

disorders, skin trouble

and heart ailments. Two Super Foods By far the two best foods which

people wheatgerm and

such as

complex are two only beginning to recognize as

sources of B

are

dried brewer’s yeast. These have been described by nutritional scientists ‘super foods’ ‘the greatest food discoveries of all

time Here is the

analysis

of

wheatgerm:

Vitamins

Amino Acids

Minerals

B1

(thiamin) (riboflavin) B6 (Pyridoxine)

Twelve

Iron

B2

First class

Phosphorus

Amino

Potassium

Choline

Acids

Magnesium

Panthothenic-

(Proteins)

Calcium

Acid

Sodium

Niacin

and traces of

Paba

several others

Inositol Biotin Vitamin E Vitamin A

48

HOW TO KEEP YOUNG AFTER FORTY Here is an

of dried brewer’s yeast:

analysis

Vitamins

Amino Acids

Minerals

Thiamin

Lysine Trypthophane

Phosphorus

Leucine

Magnesium

Choline

Histidine

Iron

Panthothenic

Phenylalanine

Silicon

Methionine

Calcium

Niacin

Valine

Paba

Glycine

Copper Manganese

Biotin

Alanine

Vitamin F

Aspartic

Riboflavin Pyridoxine

acid

Folic Acid Vitamin

Zinc

Acid

Glutamic Acid Proline

1 2

Inositol

Yeast is

Potassium

Hydroxproline Tyrosine Cystine Arginine

unusually

rich in

phosphorus and iron and (Lecithin), which has a very blood. The red corpuscles of the

also contains vitamin F marked effect

blood

consist

on

the

of

more

than

50 per cent of this

substance. No

other

valuable

foods

show such

a

high analysis

of

vitamins, proteins and organic chemicals by the system for its healthy and efficient

required functioning

as do yeast and wheatgerm, which should therefore be added to the daily diet of all those who

desire

keep young after forty. We advise a wheatgerm (two to four dessertspoonsful) with grated apples and milk. wheatgerm can be sprinkled over a breakfast to

breakfast Or cereal.

of

49

REMARKABLE EXPERIMENTS

Wheatgerm can be taken separately with milk followed by apricots or peaches. Two teaspoonfuls of dried brewer’s yeast ample for

health

can

be

taken in

warm

water

before

retiring. are, of course, small amounts of the B such as oats, vitamins in other foods

There

complex

unpolished rice, oatmeal, milk, egg-yolk, apples, potatoes and tomatoes but the

whole wheat flour,

amounts

are

As the B

insufficient for first-class health.

vitamins are so very important, every man, woman and child should make it a daily habit to take 3 B complex vitamin tablets. Remarkable

Several

complex

Experiments

remarkable scientific

experiments

have been

conducted in recent years and all prove the differences made by the presence of the B in the food of the animals

vitamins

amazing complex experimented

with. of

We haven’t space here to mention them, conducted in the U.S.A.

Keresztesy,

and Stevens:

more

by

than

one

Professors

three groups of rats

were

used. To

begin with all were in apparently normal health approximately the same age. Group A was fed a good diet, but deficient in the B complex vitamins. Group B was fed a normal diet, with vitamin B complex present in whole grain foods. Group C was fed a first-class diet in all respects, but with the addition of wheatgerm and brewer’s and

yeast. Over

a

period

of three years the results

were

as

HOW TO KEEP YOUNG AFTER FORTY

50 follows:

Group

A

developed

all the usual vitamin B

complex

disorders, heart weakness, skin diseases, stomach ulcers, grey hair, loss of hair, deficiencies

nervous

etc. All this group died was

long

before the normal life span

reached.

B lived to an age which exceeded the normal life span of the rat, and died from old age,

healthily

Group

free from Group

disease.

C gave amazing results. The members of this group retained their youth, sleek brown coats, and

vigour

to a remarkable old age.

At an age

equivalent

this group showed no still raising families!

They died at an equivalent to

terms

to 100 years in human

signs

decay,

beings,

and

was

average of 150 years, measured in the human life span.

Importance of Vitamin C Gayelord

We quote from Dr

of senile

Hauser’s book Diet Does

Vitamin C, or ascorbic acid, plays an important role in preserving and enhancing your looks and vigor in preventing old age changes. Recent research indicates that vitamin C is especially valuable in building resistance to infections and in preventing allergies and poisoning from various foreign substances which sometimes reach the blood. This vitamin is necessary for the formation of connective which gives strength and elasticity to cartilage,

tissue

scar tissue, the walls of the blood vessels and the gelatine basis of the bones. The speed of healing of wounds, ulcers, broken bones, and other injuries is in direct proportion to the amount of

ligaments,

THE SUNSHINE VITAMIN D Vitamin C in the diet. The first symptoms of Vitamin C deficiency

are

bleeding

gums.

quote Professors Walter H. Eddy and G.G. Hawley: ‘Vitamin C deficiency also results in the faulty formation of the dentine of teeth and of bone.’ The best sources of Vitamin C are lemon juice, To

orange juice, that order.

grapefruit, pineapples

Several other fruits and

and tomatoes, in

vegetables

contain

a

useful

that you get the necessary amount of Vitamin C for good health and long life, amount but to make

make

and

a

sure

practice of taking juice before

lemon

of diluted orange breakfast, instead of the

a

glassful

traditional cup of tea. Tea contains no vitamins. Instead, it contains two chemicals, namely, tannin and caffeine, which are bad for the health if taken in excess. If you are not

prepared make

a

to

cut

point

early morning tea, then substituting Vitamin C juice for

out

of

your

afternoon tea. Three vitamin C tablets

morning

or

(250 milligram strength) abundant supply of this essential vitamin. Smokers destroy 25 mg of vitamin C with every cigarette they smoke. should be taken

daily

to ensure an

The Sunshine Vitamin D Vitamin

D

is

called in

the

‘sunshine vitamin’. It is

very present only quantities in normal life and health we can for but foodstuffs, fortunately our adult all get requirements from direct contact small

with the sunshine on face, arms, legs, or bodies. The richest sources of Vitamin D are fish liver oils cod liver oil or halibut liver oil. These oils are

HOW TO KEEP YOUNG AFTER FORTY

52

essential to children to ensure

healthy

bone formation.

Adults will obtain all the Vitamin D

they need by working, playing, walking or making practice even for as little as in sunshine the thirty sitting minutes every day. Vitamin D is the magical substance in the sun of

a

which activates the calcium in the blood stream. Your diet can be rich in the valuable calcium foods

enough

such as milk and cheese Vitamin D, your body

but unless you get cannot make use

of

the calcium. Your bones, nerves, teeth and tissue will not be properly nourished where there is a Vitamin D

deficiency. If you desire

to keep young after forty you will make it your business to spend some portion of your daily life in the sunshine, with as much as your skin

exposed permit.

the

as

weather and social restraints

will

Remember that sun

will

reach

blouse, shirt,

though the ultra-violet rays of the body through a light coloured singlet, they will not penetrate dark

the

or

clothing. Nor will they penetrate ordinary window glass. In the winter, it is wise to take three vitamin A and

capsules daily, as the weak, wintry sun does not produce Vitamin D in our bodies even when we are exposed to it, owing to its low altitude. D

The

The

Amazing Vitamin E amazing qualities of

Vitamin E have

known to science in the last Vitamin

E

dilates

the

only

become

forty

years. millions of

tiny

blood

53

CALCIUM AND PHOSPHOROUS

capillaries

in the human

body.

This

greatly improves

the circulation of the blood, thus strengthening and repairing muscle tissue, nerve tissue and scar tissue.

The whole

body

is vitalized.

The heart is the most

body. body

It pumps eleven

important

muscle in the

tons of blood

hours. But

the

through

the arteries

every twenty-four of the heart become silted up with uric acid deposits, or once the blood becomes too viscose (thick and once

sticky), the heart begins to suffer in many ways, and finally breaks down under the strain. Vitamin E in dosages of 300 to 500 milligrams daily, relieves most forms of heart failure in a few months, while a daily dosage of 100 milligrams will prevent heart failure from developing. Vitamin E is a daily MUST for everybody who wants to keep young after forty. From the point of view of health and long life characterized by a vigorous old age, too much emphasis cannot be placed importance of what has been the subject of vitamins.

upon the fundamental

written in this book

Importance of Calcium and Phosphorus In addition to protein, carbohydrates, vitamins, the minerals.

It

requires

body requires

for its health

calcium for the health and

a

fats,

on

and

number of

repair

entire bone structure, including the teeth. The body also requires calcium to assist in

of the

keeping steady and relaxed. Calcium deficient people are jumpy, irritable, highly-strung, tense and difficult to live with. They are often subject to cramps, which denote a lack of the

nerves

and muscles

HOW TO KEEP YOUNG AFTER FORTY

54

calcium in the diet.

calcium

Thirdly,

is

required

for

sound

sleep,

normal muscular function, the clotting of the blood, and for the general repair of the cell structure of the

body,

both bone and tissue.

daily calcium requirements of the body are gram (1000 mg) which can be furnished by a half to one pint of milk and 3 ounces of cheese. Phosphorus is another important mineral which plays its part in conjunction with calcium. The

one

One without the other is of little value.

Apart from

maintaining

the

phosphorus

used in

building

bones and teeth, this mineral is

a

and

part of

each of the billions of cells in the body. It plays an important role in energy production. It is a constituent of all glandular secretions and body fluids. Animals die more quickly from lack of phosphorus than from any other mineral deficiency. Fortunately phosphorus is one of the minerals which is commonly found in most of the popular foods, so that there is little danger of human beings going short of it. Two points that should be remembered are these (1) the body cannot use the phosphorus it needs

without calcium, and vice versa; (2) Vitamin D is necessary for the absorption of both minerals into the blood and

for

the

depositing of

them in bones, teeth

and cell tissue.

Ideally, calcium

daily

of

no more

than twice

as

much

phosphorus

as

should be eaten. An adult needs 2 grams

phosphorus.

You Can’t Live without Iron Iron is necessary

to

enable

the blood to

carry

55

THE NECESSITY OF IRON

the

body,

and is of great value in

oxygen

throughout

helping

to remove carbon dioxide from the tissues.

In a cubic millimetre of blood there are over

5,000,000 red corpuscles,

The number of red

or

corpuscles,

normally

red blood cells.

which varies

widely

with individuals, depending on their state of health, is spoken of as the blood count. But apart from having sufficient red corpuscles each blood cell must contain a normal amount of or red colouring matter, which carries the oxygen. To quote Dr Gayelord Hauser:

haemoglobin,

actually

Anaemia is a condition in which the body either fails to produce enough red corpuscles, or the haemoglobin is below normal in amount, hence pale in colour. Both abnormalities may exist at once: there may be too few red corpuscles as well as too little haemoglobin. In this case, sufficient oxygen cannot be carried to the

cells throughout the body

nor can

carbon dioxide poisons

completely removed.

be

As

result

a

lacking clearly

The the

pep or

the anaemic person is

and

vitality,

and

colour.

tired,

He

listless,

cannot

and

think

quickly

most common cause of anaemia is a lack of iron in

diet.

Numerous

studies have been made which reveal

that as many as 90 per cent. of the women and children of America are anaemic,

The richest sources of iron are liver, molasses, wheatgerm, egg yolk, spinach, dates, apricots, lettuce, parsley, soybeans and soybean flour products, dried fruits and prunes. A protein deficient diet can also result in nutritional, or

simple

anaemia.

HOW TO KEEP YOUNG AFTER FORTY

56

A Little Iodine is Essential

vitally important to health. A goitre, an enlargement of the throid gland of the throat. This enlargement is an attempt by the body to overcome the iodine lack by developing a larger amount of tissue to produce thyroxin. In case of exophthalmic, or toxic, goitre, too much thyroxin is produced and the body engine races. The heart beats too rapidly and a pulse of 130 or A trace of iodine is also

lack

of iodine causes

even

180 is not unusual.

In most parts of the Australian mainland, there is generally enough iodine in the soil to ensure the very small daily requirements being obtained from the

food grown on it, but in certain districts in Australia, Tasmania and New Zealand, the soil and water are deficient in iodine, and goitre is prevalent. These areas are

known

as

‘goitre belts’.

To prevent the development of this distressing malady in the iodine-deficient areas, kelp tablets, each of which contain a trace of iodine, are advised.

Other Mineral Requirements Other minerals required by the

functioning

body

for its efficient

are:

Potassium:

bowel

Necessary for normal growth, regular functioning, steady nerves, and normal contraction of the muscles.

deficiency of potassium, growth is impeded, constipation is usual, the nerves become extremely alert, resulting in restlessness and sleeplessness, the heart beats slowly and irregularly and the heart muscles become damaged. Fortunately, potassium occurs widely in foods, Where there is a

THE 80-20 FORMULA FOR LONG LIFE

particularly Sodium:

in

leafy vegetables

Sodium

much

is

57

and whole

of great

grains. importance to

the

all foods contain it.

that

practically necessity, therefore, to add salt to almost everything we eat. Such a practice puts an added burden on the kidneys, and is a factor in the accumulation of mineralized deposits in the joints, a crippling condition known as rheumatoid arthritis.

body,

so

There is

Chlorine:

so

no

Chlorine

is

forming hydrochloric acid, protein.

used

in

the

stomach

necessary for the

in

digestion

of

A number of other chemicals are

known

as trace

minerals

required by

the

the body needs

so

body little

of them.

Magnesium,

zinc, copper, cobalt, manganese, barium, sulphur, tin, iron and iodine, are important and are all contained in kelp tablets.

boron,

One

requirements body is this: see that you get your mineral requirements in their organic form. Kelp tablets, being made from seaweed, are purely organic. It is doubtful whether the body can make much use of inorganic chemicals, such as the crude inorganic iron used in pills and tonics. There is evidence that crude iron destroys vitamin E and it might also destroy Vitamin C. point

to remember about the mineral

of the

The 80-20 Formula for Long Life Perhaps the greatest single piece of advice

good

health and

long

life is what

we

given

for

choose to call

the 80-20 formula. It is this: Sixteen chemical elements make up the body of all living animals, including man. Six of these chemicals are

alkaline-forming

and ten

are

acid-forming.

HOW TO KEEP YOUNG AFTER FORTY

58

alkaline-forming make up 80 per are acid-forming make body. cent of the body. up 20 per Therefore, in order to maintain a chemical balance in the body which means health we should see that our daily food consists of: Approx. 80 per cent of the alkaline-forming foods. Approximately 20 per cent of the acid-forming Those

that

cent of the

are

Those that

foods. The

alkaline-forming foods are (a) practically all especially such fruits as oranges, lemons, pineapples, tomatoes, grapes and apples; (b) All green and root vegetables, and especially lettuce, celery, cabbage, beans, etc.; (c) Dried fruits. The chief acid-forming foods are: Meat, eggs, fish, fruits, and

cheese, cereals and bread. Milk is neutral. The 80-20 formula ensures that you get most of the vitamins you require, all the essential organic minerals and the right proportions of alkaline and acid-forming foods to give the body its proper chemical balance. The 80-20 formula is for those who desire to

simple and effective precept keep young after forty. a

The Matter Summed Up Let us now sum up the after

problem

of

keeping

young

forty.

It resolves itself into several

all

requiring intelligence application.

and

points, all important, persistence in their

Point One: The first essential is to scrap all feeding which are unwise. Those who would woo health and long life must abandon the old feeding

habits

59

SUMMING UP traditions.

They

nearly good enough.

are not

The statistics of ill-health, disease and premature death in Australia are positively alarming, and constitute a

indictment of orthodox,

damning

everyday

nutrition. Point Two: Cultivate the habit of

and

eating

meals

course

is

cemetery. Point Three: Point

feeding.

Four:

Adopt Adopt to

same

road

sure

to disease and the

the 80-20 formula for

the

principle

do

say,

meal

or

not

eating. compatible proteins and

of

eat

acid fruits and starches

meal.

same

Point Five: such

the

That is

starches at the at the

eating simply

less. The traditional idea of two and three

Cut

‘foods’ as:

completely white

out

of your diet all

bread, white flour, sugar,

polished rice, refined

or processed breakfast foods, sausage meats, corned meats, tinned foods, pickled and preserved foods, pastries, and all other dead,

devitalized, demineralized, devitaminized ‘foods’. You cannot build Point

Six:

a

live

body with dead foods. honey for sugar where everything that sugar lacks.

Substitute

necessary. Honey has Point Seven: See that your diet is rich in all the essential vitamins.

Point

Eight:

until

are

you without the A

diet

use

that

Do not be content with your diet

having two bowel movements daily, of laxative medicines or pills. consists

vegetables, together

of

with

yeast, will, in due course,

80

per

cent

fruit

and

molasses and

wheatgerm, give you this

freedom of

bowel movement without any bother. Point Nine: Make a special effort to fit the

new

60

HOW TO KEEP YOUNG AFTER FORTY

foods1 wheatgerm and yeast, into

super

your

daily

diet. Point Ten: Cut out all the old-fashioned

puddings, rice, custards, pastries, etc., usually served after the main course of the evening meal. These are mostly excess nourishment, and an embarrassment to the digestive, circulatory and eliminatory processes. Point Eleven: Remember that in green leaf salads, they are in minerals

the darker the leaves the richer and vitamins.

By seeing that your diet consists uncooked foods fruits, salads, milk, chiefly cheese and dried fruits you are ensuring that the Point

Twelve:

of

is

body

getting

its nourishment in the

manner most

essential to easy digestion and good health. Fifty per cent of the food value of meat, and

stewed

fruit

is

destroyed

in

the

vegetables

process

of

cooking. Spend some part of the day out walking, gardening, playing, exercising. Sunshine is necessary to enable your body to manufacture its supply of vitamin D. Fresh air is necessary to oxygenize your blood by deeper and more vigorous breathing. Thus you quicken the whole functioning of your body, speed up the burning of the body’s fuel and eliminate its Point Thirteen:

doors

waste. Exercise daily. It prevents the from muscles getting sluggish and flaccid organs and in good tone. Muscles that are not keeps them Point Fourteen:

atrophy or run into unhealthy flesh. Fzfteen: In walking, standing and sitting, maintain an upright posture. There is a tendency after

used

Point

SUMMING UP the age of

forty Immediately

abdominal

to

slump at slump

the shoulders. at

we

muscles

and

the shoulders, the the chest cavity is

sag, depressed. If we allow that bent posture to become habitual with us, our whole under a handicap.

organic functioning

is carried

on

observed that old age doesn’t stoop. Stooping causes old age. There is more than a grain of truth in that. Therefore cultivate the upright posture. Check yourself It has been

cause

us

rightly

to

every time you find your shoulders and your chest sagging forward and your abdomen sagging

downward. In time, the upright posture will beome a fixed habit, and you will feel younger and look younger.

But

we

make

tendency Point

warn

you that

and

a

to

slump.

brush

or

with

skin

harsh towel, or better still, gloves, until your skin is pink a

glowing. that

Remember

this

skin is

covering of your body. It is an elimination. The daily skin bath of

just the outer important organ of gives an added sense not

well-being. Point Seventeen: Do not

of

you will have to to defeat the

Sixteen: Make your daily bath an opportunity to tone up your entire skin surface. Rub

yourself vigorously with

after forty

conscious, consistent effort

a

eight

whilst

no

sleep that the body, properly principles laid down in this little book, proceeds to repair the day’s wastage, renews the worn out cell tissue, and recharges our batteries It

is

your daily average substitute for it.

neglect

hours’ sleep. There is

nourished

on

we

the

HOW TO KEEP YOUNG AFTER FORTY

62

for tomorrow’s tasks. If

you

you have

therefore,

a

night tonight, see that by an early night tomorrow.

late

balance your account

permit us to over-draw our account price of depleted nervous except and impaired organic functioning. energy Point Eighteen: Cultivate the art of mental and physical relaxation in all places and at all times. For example, if you miss a train, try and take it Nature

does

not at

the

philosophically and sit, relaxed, until the comes

along.

This is

one

but if you health.

of the most difficult arts to cultivate

can

succeed, it

Consider: what is with

next one

remorse

or

recall the train,

pays

big

dividends in

gained by burning yourself up Nothing. You can’t you might just as well, in the

recrimination? so

interests of your health and peace of mind, accept the fact with a good grace and relax. We

mention

the

missed

train

as

merely

one

example of the many vexations of everyday life. Some people get all ‘het’up if they merely miss an elevator. We

owe

it to ourselves and

our

neighbours

to make

a serious effort so that we will not court these little

upsetting vexations, but even more important is the point of view of keeping young after it —from to build up a philosophic mental attitude that forty makes us imperturbable to upset, so that we maintain our equilibrium, poise, and self-respect.

Other books for better health the natural way. THE VITAMINS EXPLAI NED SIMPLY Vitamins

are

exceptions,

chemical

cannot be

compounds which, with minor body, but come from

made in the

vitamins neither normal development nor possible. Last century food contained all man’s nutritional requirements; today the vitamin content of food is dangerously diminished by processing and chemical additives. This book reveals what ailments vitamins prevent and remedy and gives estimated daily requirements of each vitamin.

food.

health

Without is

IMPROVE YOUR SIGHT WITHOUT GLASSES Demolishes a long-cherished belief that the only remedy for refractory eye troubles is spectacles. I n fact this book demonstrates

that

eye

troubles

can

be

eliminated

and

sight tremendously improved by a simple combination of exercises and dietary measures, without using spectacles which are merely ‘crutches’. Also gives treatment for cataract, conjunctivitis and glaucoma, and explains hyperimetropia (far sight) and myopia (short sight). RHEUMATISM AND ARTHRITIS Explains the main rheumatic categories of rheumatoid arthritis, osteo-arthritis, lumbago, neuritis, sciatica, gout, spondylitis, bursitis and rheumatic fever; causes of rheumatic ailments; the injurious side effects of orthodox therapies; with advice on applying natural remedial principles and the sweat therapy. Gives hope to all rheumatic and arthritic sufferers.

EATING FOR HEALTH Reveals the hard truth that indiscriminate eating leads to diet, acid and alkaline foods, protein and amino acids, vitamins and minerals. Also exposes the fallacious calorie standard and dishonest propaganda for white bread and flour. With alphabetical list of foods and pithy comments on each item’s dietary value or harmful properties. poor health and disease. Invaluable advice on balanced

HERBAL TEAS For Health and Healing Ceres Herbal teas, apart from being much better for you than the Indian or China teas which are so popular, make delicious drinks and can ‘dispel all manner of discomforts’. The author lifelong naturalist, broadcaster and contributor to The Times

describes

over

a

hundred

instructions for making and using the

herbs

and

gives

teas.

ABOUT HERBS Medicines from the Meadows An alphabetical guide concise notes on their

for which they

are

to

124 herbs, roots and seeds, with

therapeutic properties, the ailments

used, and directions for

use.

HANSSEN’S COMPLETE CIDER VINEGAR Maurice Hanssen Explains the many facets of cider vinegar, including its use in cooking and healing. Author provides a selection of recipes and notes on the composition and manufacture of this ‘miraclefood’.

ABOUT KELP Seaweed for Health and Vitality Describes the cultivation and harvesting of this seaweed ‘crop’, its agricultural, garden and culinary uses; and the therapeutic properties of kelp in alleviating constipation, gastric catarrh, mucous colitis, and other disorders.

OLD AGE SENTh! KILLS Death fran old age, that is to say, from natural causes, is becoming increasingly rare in so-called ‘civilized’ countries. Here the vast majority of deaths are caused by disease, while sane are the result of accident or misadventure. The encouraging nssage of this book is that we can all live, barring accidents and violence, to be at least a hundred! The body does not wear It is infected out, or poisoned out, or out. starved out, or breaks down through sane mineral or vitamin deficiency. Listed in these pages are fourteen deadly ‘sins’ that most people coiTmit against their health. To offset these, eighteen rules of life are proposed which, if intelligently and persistently applied, will solve the problem of keeping young after Most of them are concerned with dietetics forty.

Sane deal with the eating simply and eating less. importance of adequate breathing and exercise -

for fresh air is essential to oxygenize the blood, which quickens body functioning, speeds up the burning of body fuel and eliminates its waste. Full catalogue sent on request SCIENCE OF LIFE BOOKS 4—12 Tattersalls Lane, Melbourne, Victoria 3000 ISBN 0 909911 60 6 UK Distributors: TIIORSC!’TS PUBLISHING GIUP Wellingborough, Northainptonshire

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