A.U.A. Language Center Thai Course: Book 1 9781501721069

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A.U.A. Language Center Thai Course: Book 1
 9781501721069

Table of contents :
PREFACE
CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION
TRANSCRIPTION
LESSON 1
LESSON 2
LESSON 3
LESSON 4
LESSON 5
LESSON 6
LESSON 7
LESSON 8
LESSON 9
LESSON 10
LESSON 11
LESSON 12
LESSON 13
LESSON 14
LESSON 15
LESSON 16
LESSON 17
LESSON 18
LESSON 19
LESSON 20
GLOSSARY

Citation preview

A.U.A. Language Center Thai Course Book 1

Prepared by

J. Marvin Brown

Published by Cornell University Southeast Asia Program Ithaca, N.Y.

1991

Editorial Board Benedict Anderson George Kahin Stanley O'Connor Keith Taylor Oliver Wolters Cornell Southeast Asia Program Publications 640 Stewart A venue, Ithaca, NY 14850-3857

© 1974 by Adrian S. Palmer

Originally published by the American University Alumni Association Language Center, Bangkok, Thailand. Reprinted with permission by the Cornell Southeast Asia Program 1991, 1995, 1998,2000, and 2004. All rights reserved. Except for brief quotations in a review, no part of this book may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and recording, or by any information storage or retrieval system, without permission in writing from the Cornell Southeast Asia Program. Printed in the United States of America ISBN 0-87727-506-8 For a master set of A.U.A. tapes, institutions should order directly from A.U.A. Language Center, 179 Rajadamri Road, Bangkok 10330, Thailand.

PREFACE The AUA Language Center Thai Course has developed slowly over a period of years. In 1962 it consisted of a set of dialogs and drills prepared by Churee Jndaniyom under the direction of Gordon F. Schmader. Over the years many things have been added and many things changed, but most of the dialogs are still basically those of Khun Churee. The present edition is a major revision of the preceding edition which was tested over a period of fifteen months. Both teachers (especially Matana Chutrakul, Niphapharn Chutrakul, Nitaya Amaraket, Saengthong Beokhaimook, Srim Nolrajsuwaj, Khomsan Hathaidharm, and Preecha Ratanodom) and students (especially Robert S. Campbell and John Ratliff) who used that edition made many valuable suggestions. and the author is deeply indebted to them for most of the improvements. though he alone is responsible for the actual contents. The revision was read by the above named teachers and three colleagues (Peter J. Bee, Jimmy Harris, and Daniel Hantman), and thanks is due to all of them for their helpful suggestions. Especially valuable over the years been the constant assistance of Preecha Ratanodom. Almost all of the ideas that arose during the development of the course were immediately checked with him: the poorer ones were thus rejected and the better ones thus refined.

J. M. B.

Bangkok, Thailand October 1967

CONI'ENTS 1.1

Vocabulary and expansions.

9

1.2

Patterns.

9

1.3

Dialog: Hello./ Hello.

9

1.4

Toaes: nu, nla, nia.

9

1.5

Tone manipulation:

1.6

dii may. may dii. dii may.

a. b. c.

1 may dii.

ll II ll

Vowels: u-• contrast drill. CoiiSOIWits: b-p contrast drill. Coosonants: d-t contrast drill.

11 11

1.7

Grammar: sawatdii khrdp.

lJ

1.8

Numbers: 2, 3, S.

11

1.9

ConYersation:

ll

a.

Questioning information.

l3

b.

Exchanging greetings.

13

1.10 Writing: dii, ph~:~m.

13

2.1

Vocabulary and expansions.

15

l.l

Patterns.

15

2.3

Dialogs:

a. Hello./ Hello./ How are you?/ I'm fine. Excuse me./ That's all right.

b.

2.4

Toaes: lorn, lorn, lorn.

2.5

Toae manipulation:

a.

17 17 17

dii may.

17 19

b. may dii. c. ph~:~m may./

may p~Jm.

19 19

2.6

Vowels: a-~~ contrast drill. CoiiSODIUlts: b-p-ph contrast drill. CODSOIWits: d-t-th contrast drill.

21 21

2.7

Grammar:

sabaay dii khrap.

21

2.8

Numben:

2.9

CoaYersatioa:

a.

b. sabaay dii 15:» khrdp. c. ?uan 15~.

21 21

I - 6.

21

a. Questioning information. b. Exchanging greetings. c. Apologizing.

i

23 23 23

2.10 Writing:

23

siam.

~:>IJ,

3.1

Vocabulary and expansions.

2S

3.2

Patterns.

27

3.3

Dialog:

Excuse me. Where's the restaurant?/ Over there./ Thanks./ Not at all. 27

3.4

Tones:

may, may, miiy.

3.5

Tooe maaipuladoa:

3.6

Vowels: aaw-nw contrast drill. Consonants: p t c k - ph th ch kh contrast drill.

3.7

Grammar:

a. yaaw maak. b. yaaw ~~~./ hmm. yaaw maak.

a.

raan yuu thii nay.

c.

raan yuu thii nay./

29 29 29 29 31

31

b. yuu thii nTi.

3.8

Numbers:

3.9

Connrsation:

3.10 Wridng:

21

31

raan yuu thii noon.

31

7-10.

a. Questioning pictures. (Is he fat?/ b. Variations of 3.3.

33 33

Yes. No.)

35

phOm, khon.

4.1

Vocabulary and expansions.

37

4.2

Patterns.

37

4.3

Dialog:

4.4

Tone identification: Fish, chicken, pork, shrimps, beef. Tone production: mia, nia, nia.

4.5

Excuse me, Mister. Where's the market?/ how about the hotel?/ It's straight ahead.

Tone manipulation:

a. b.

It's to the left./

And

may r5:m ~~~y. may san ~~~./ hf?lm. may sin ~~~y.

39 39 41 41 41

4.6

Vowels: ~ compared with ee ond oo. Consonants: Initial IJ.

43 43

4.7

Grammar:

43 43 45 45 45

khun khrtip.

b. c. d. e.

yuu thaafJ sday. le'r;w roufJrum Ia. talaat yuu thtMll) stiay. raan ?aahian yuu thii niy.f raan ?aahian yuu thaal) saay.

10-19.

4.8

Numbers:

4.9

Conversation:

4.10 Writing:

a.

47

a Questioning pictures. b. Variations of 4.3.

rool)rnm.

47 49 49

ii

S.a

Review sections 3, 5, 1, and 9 of lessons 1-4.

51

S.b

Narrative: Fat man in a small hotel with a good barber shop. Thin man in a big hotel with a bad barber shop.

51

S.c

Dialog: Where's there a good barber shop?

ss

6.1

Vocabulary and expansions.

57

6.1

Patteras.

59

6.3

Dialog:

6.4

Tone identification: To have, to like, to see, to put on, to buy. Tone production: kay, plaa, n\ta, h~n. kOIJ.

6.5

Toae mulpaladoa: a.

6.6

Vowell: 1111 compared with ii and uu. CoasoauCI: 1J speed driiJ.

6.7

Gnlamar:

How do you get there?/ 59 Do you know the Erawan Hotel?/ Yes./ Go straight, then turn right. It's on the left./ Thanks./ You're welcome.

b.

khwaay yay kwaa wua. khWMy yay kwaa wua. ?aray yay kwaa

'an./

61

c. khon thii nii./ khon nfi. d. pay thaaJJ niy./ pay thaa!} nii.

63

Con•ersatioa:

a.

63 63 63

65 65

20-39.

Numbers:

61 61

61

a. niuclk rooorum ?eerawan may. b. thi!J sliyfek Je'ew /law say.

6.8

59 61

Comparing buffalos and cows.

b. Variations of 6.3.

65 67

67

6.10 Writlq: kh30, SUU!J, thaag. 7.1

Vocabulary and expaasloas.

69

7.l

Patterns.

71

7.3

Dialog:

7A

Toae ldentllc:ation: Sweet, roast, dry, goat, mackerel. Toae producdoa: mii ?aray./ mii plaa.

7.5

Toae mulpalatloa:

7.6

Vowell:

7.7

Grammar:

Excuse me. Where's. the bathroom?/ The ladies' room is to the right. The men's room is to the left./ Thanks./ Not at all.

a. ph5o ytly kwaa IOuk. b. khray yay kwaa kan./ ph5o yay kw• IQuk.

ii·ia, uu-ua, and lllll·ll& alternation drills. 1J alternation drill. COIIIOII&DCI: a. phOu yfu. b. hSo n&am phQu chflllY. c. Mo nhm phOu yl1} ~u thaao khwla.

iii

71 71

71 73 73 73

73 75

75 75

d. hSIJ naam ph!lu ylq yuu thaaiJ khwKa. e. h5r.J naam phQu chaay yuu thaaiJ sday. f. h51) naam yuu thii nly./ h5q n&am phQu chaay yuu thaao h51J nlwn phOu ylq yuu thaal) khwla.

saay.

40-69.

7.8

Numbers:

7.9

Coavenadon:

7.10 Writing: lean,

15 1S 15 77

a. Comparing father and son. b. Questioning information.

77 77

79

n~n.

8.1

Vocabulary and expusiOD&.

81

8.l

Patteras.

83

8.3

Dialoa:

8.4

Toae ideatiftcatioa: Toae production:

Brother, sister, grandfather, uncle, nephew. plaa 7aray./ pJaa thuu.

85 8S

8.5

Toae maDipulatioD:

a. b. c.

85 85 8S

8.6

Vowels: ii-lttl•Uu and ia·lta-ua alternation drills. Consoaants: r.J speed drill (l)llal) n~n).

8.7

Excuse me. I don't understand. Could you repeat?/ Yes. The ladies• room is upstairs. The men's room is downstairs. Understand?/ Yes, I get it now. Thanks.

a. khig khwla. b. khun nlucak raan 'laahlan nfk may./ nlucak. I/ew ri.an 7aahian sawat ll. ruucak may./ may rliuclk. c. h5r.J naam phQu chaay yuu thii nly./ h5r.J naam phQu chaay 1~. yuu thii n6on.

GriUIUIW':

8.8

Numben:

8.9

Convenation:

8.10 Wrltiac:

mii ktly may.

say kay may. may mii. mii p/aa.

83

87

81 81

87

89 89

70-99. a. Chicken instead of fish and vice versa. b. Variations of 8.3.

pay, mii, bon.

89 89 91

9.1

Vocabulary ud expusloDS.

93

9.2

PatterDL

93

9.3

DiaJoa:

9.4

Toae ldeatitkation: To sell, to eat, to fry, to order, to meet. Tone prodacdan: mii plaa ?aray./ mii plaa thuu.

Where are you going?/ I'm going to work./ Where do you work?/ At the Amerialll Embassy./ It's on Wireless Road, right?/ Yes.

iv

9S 95 9S

9.5

Tone manJpulatloa:

a. silt~ nMn nay.( lUI) kin plaa thuu t:>:>n yen.

14.5

Tone manipulation:

a. b.

c.

Vowels: aaw-Hw response drill. How many glasses (steps)?/ Consonants: 1J response drill (saguan l)ftal) n::>:m).

1y ay aay

th5y r5Jy may maay

JJ

phaa hiiu soo ph 5o

iaw ttay uay

liaw nisay ruay

turn tired rich

(Leo)

iw ew eew tw

hiw rew leew thew mssw khiw khaaw

hungry fast bad row cat enter rice

(hue) (ray-o) (Ia y-o)

EE tttt ;):I

(fun) (look) (cone) lawn)

aa uu 00

(poor)

(toy) (Roy) (my) (my)

SEW

aw aaw

xxii

thii leek khftn mtttt

at number arm hand stupid cloth ear chain father

II

ee

s~~

(tea) (lake) (can)

(sir) (Pa) (who) (so) (paw)

{roue)

(cow) (cow)

Consonants There are 21 consonants in Thai. Five of these are written with an h, wh1ch stands for a puff of air: h, ph, th, ch, kit. These are very similar to the English consonants h, p, t, cb, k. Corresponding to these are five similar consonants pronounced without a puff of air: 1, p, t, c, k. The last four of these are similar to the Spanish p, t, ch, cj qu. The symbol 1 stands for a closing of the throat as in the middle of uh 'luh (the English grunt meaning 'no'). The symbol fJ is similar to the English ng (its shape indicates the combination of n and g). The remaining ten consonants are similar to the English consonants and the same letters are used (b, d, f, s, m, n, r, I, y, w). Examples of the Thai consonants are given below. The English words in parentheses show the nearest English consonants. When two English words are given, the Thai sound is in between the two English sounds. h ph th ch kh

hen ph it thii chiit khit

see wrong at inject think

(hen) (pit) (tea) (cheat) (kit)

? ?it p pht t tuu c cet k kat

brick eight cupboard seven bite

(it) (pat, bat) (to, do) (Chet, jet) (cut, gut)

b d m n

baat duu mii naw

(baht) (do) (me) (now)

I)

IJUU

baht look at have rotten snake

f fan s sii y yilu w wii liEk r reek

teeth four be at comb exchange first

(fun) (see) (you) (we) (lack) (rack)

Tones There are five tones in Thai. The shapes, names, symbols, and an example of each are shown below. The symbols placed between two lines are to be compared with the pitch shapes. The end of the first line tells you where to start. The rest tells you where to go. If there is only one line, you don't go anywhere, but stay at the level you start at.

' Mid

dii good

Low

Falling

\

1\

sii four

haa

High

z v

naam water

five XXIII

Rising

..,

5:)31)

two

LESSON 1 1.1

Vocabulary and expansions.

wat sawat dii sawatdii

Well-being, fortune (not used alone). To be good. A greeting used for either meeting or parting. Greetings! Hello! Gvodbye! (The last syllable is simply an extention of the word sawat. It is not the word for 'good.') Particles are short words that are used to convey feelings, not meaning. Their function is roughly comparable to that of intonations in English. The three words listed to the left (two of them have two variants) are polite particles. They are used at the end of sentences whenever extra politeness is called for. In such situations men use khrap when speaking to non-intimate equals or superiors and women use kha (kha with questions). Both men and women use cd (ca with questions) when speaking to intimate equals, inferiors, or children. The use or non-use of a particle is a matter of formality and politeness. The choice between khrap or khd on the one hand and cti on the other is a matter of relative status and social relationship, not politeness. Here are some examples to guide you in their use (and non-use). With your own servants, no particle; but with servants at the boss's house, ca. With your friends at the office or at school, no particle; but with their parents, khrap or khd. With a taxi driver or salesman, no particle; but with with a stranger, khrap or khd, and with his children, cd. A romance usually proceeds from khrap to ca to no particle (cd corresponding to 'sweet talk').

khn'tp kha kh;\

To be fat. To be thin. One of several question particles (similar to a spoken question mark). one is used to ask for an opinion or a decision. Not. He, she, they (people only). Two. Three. Five.

?Clan ph5:>m may may khaw s5:>1J

saam hila

Before leaving section I of each lesson, the correctly, fast, and without the slightest hesitation. item, he needs to hear it several times before he perfectly, he needs to practice saying it many times. handle this section is shown in the following formula and S means the student says it.

T11rT

TS

TS

TS

TS

This

student should be able to say all items Whenever the student is learning a new tries to say it; and after he can say it An example of how the teacher might where T means the teacher says an item

SSSS

Or the teacher might go through all items the first time like this: TIT S TIT S; and then like this: T S T S. If too complicated a procedure is used, the student might not always know what he is supposed to do. An effective compromise is simple triple repetition: TIT SSS.

1

t.l Patterns. sawatdii khnip. sawatdii kha. sawatdii ca.

Hello! Hello! Hello!

(Man to superior or non-intimate equal.) (Woman to superior or non-intimate equal.) (Man or woman to inferior or intimate.)

The teacher should Jet the student hear the pattern (collection of similar items) several times and then have him repeat it with increasing speed. Substitution can also be used if desired (see section 1.5).

1.3 Dialog. A.

Hello! Hello!

sawatdii khnip. B. sawatdii kha

As with almost everything else in language learning, work on dialogs should proceed from more emphasis on hearing to more emphasis on practicing. Here is an example of how a dialog might be d1illed. T means teacher gives the Thai item and E means he gives the English translation. S means student gives the Thai. I st step. 2nd step. 3rd step. 4th step. 5th step.

TTT S with all sentences (or parts of sentences). TTT S TTT SSS with all sentences. ITT SSS ES ES ES ES. (Without books from here on.) TS TS TS TS TS ES ES ES. TS TS ES ES ES.

If the teacher prefers not to use the English translation, the instruction 'again' can be used instead. The next steps use participation where the teacher (shown with capitals) takes one part and the student (shown with small letters) takes the other. 6th step. 7th step.

A b A b B A b BB A b BBB with each A-B interchange. A h straight through dialog many times.

A b

A b

A b

1.4 Tone identification and production. Rice field, Face. Thick.

naa naa naa

Mid tone. Falling tone. Rising tone.

The teacher should write the above drill on the blackboard and go through the following. steps.

I. Listen. The teacher lets the students hear each word many times; at first several times each, and then alternately. naa naa naa naa

naa naa naa

naa naa naa naa naa naa naa

2

niia naa niia naa niia naa naa

It is especially important that the teacher always points at the word as he says it so that the student will always be sure when he is saying which one. 2. Identify. Without pointing, the teacher should pronounce one of the words chosen randomly (several times if necessary) and the student should identify it by naming its tone.

Teacher: Student: Teacher: Student:

naa. Falling. No. naa naa naa naa. Mid.

This should be done many times with just enough repetitions of each word so that the student feels sure of his answer. The point of this type of drilling is to force the student's attention to the tone.

3. 4. following.

Repeat.

The student should practice saying the words after the teacher.

Alternate.

As a final step, the student should practice alternations like the

naa naa naa naa naa naa naa naa naa naa naa naa naa naa naa

naa naa naa naa naa naa naa naa naa naa naa naa naa naa naa

These four steps should be used in all contrast drills. types of drills, in sections 4 and 6 of each lesson.)

(These appear, among other

1.5 Tone manipulation. a.

Substitution drill.

dii may. ?uan may. ph:5':>m may

(?uan) (phJ':>m) (dii)

Good? Do you think it's good? How is it? (fat) Fat? Do you think she's fat? (thin) Thin? Do you think he's thin? (good)

Translations can never be completely accurate. Sometimes they are used to suggest the Thai structure (Good?); sometimes they are used to point up nuances of meaning or implications contained in the Thai meaning (Do you think it's good? where 'do you think' suggests that may is asking for an opinion); and sometimes they give the English that would normally be used in the same situation even though it doesn't conform to the Thai wording (How is it?). And in some cases English grammar requires filling a slot that can be empty in Thai (Is he good? Is she good? Is it good? Are they good?). The student should refer back to the vocabulary section for literal meanings and explanations, and he should try to get from the translations accompanying dialogs and dri lis whatever kind of help is intended. He should not expect anything like one-to-one correspondences. The following steps should be used with substitution drills. other types of drills. in sections 5 and 7 of each lesson.)

3

(These appear, among

I. Listen. The teacher simply reads the item-; of the drill for the student to listen to (several t1mes through \\lth ~hort Jrtll~ like the one above). The pattern stays the same while the word~ change. In tim ster the qudent gets the rattern nnging in his ears.

Teacher:

Jii may. dli mav. dli may.

?uan

ma~

'/uan llldy.

?uan may.

rh:l;)m m{ly. ph:5Jm may. ph3'Jm may.

? Repeat. The student simply repeats each item after the. teacher several times through. With the pattern ringing in his ears. he now acquires the necessary muscular facility needed for the succeeding step'>.

3. Substrtute. The teacher read~ an item of the pattern and then a parenthesized v.ord. The student puts the parenthesized \\Old rnto the pattern, and the teacher confirms (repeats the new item that the ~tudcnt ha!> formed). The ~tudent is now exercising the pattern itself, not just individual examples of it. Teacher:

dii may. ( 7uan) ?uan may (ph5Jm) ph5:Jm may. (dii) Etc.

Student:

?uan may. ph;;:Jm may. dii may.

4. Substitute without books. Step 2 might have built nothing more than a pathway from ear to mouth. And step 3 might have butlt only a pathway from eye to mouth. The real practice on the pattern itself comes in this step and the next.

5. Substitute without books or confirmation. The confirmation was necessary to let the student know how well he did. After he is able to do the substitutions consistently perfect and fast, he no longer needs the confirmation. He is now in a position to burn the pattern into the brain by going through the drill (random order of items now) many times with increasing speed. Teacher:

dii may. (ph~;:~m) Student: ph5om may. ('luan) ?uan may. (ph5Jm) ph5om may. Etc., pushing to the maximum speed that the student can do with good pronunciation, but not beyond.

In steps 3 through 5, the English parenthesized words might be used from time to time instead of the Thai words, as a means of getting the student's attention on the meaning. but this technique isn't necessary and in some cases (when translations are awkward) isn'1 advisable.

b.

Substitution drill.

may dii. may ?uan. may ph~Jm.

( ?uan) (ph;)om) (dii)

Not good. Not fat. Not thin.

4

lL isn't good. She isn't fat. He isn't thin.

(fat) (thin) (nice)

c.

Response drill.

dii may. may dii.

Do you think it's good 'l

?Oan may. may ?ftan.

Do jOll thtnk ,he's fat') f\o. I don't

ph3'Jm may. may phJJrn.

D(l you thtnk he\ thtn '! No. I don't

1\:n. I don't

The ~arne steps arc used with n:~ponsc drilh a-, wtth substitution dnlb. Simply replace the instruction 'ubstitute' with 're~pond' Whenever a rc-;ponse is not good (wrong, badly pronounced. or too slow), the teacher ~hould u-,c multtple conrirmattom ('corn:ction~· is a better description in thts case).

Student

Teacher dii may. may dii. dii may. may dii. dii may. may dii. dii may. dii may. dii may.

1.6

may dii.

may dii.

(poorly)

may dii.

(a little hctter)

may dti.

(good)

may dii. may dii. may dii.

(perfect)

may dii.

may dii.

Vowel and consonant drills.

a. u-11 contrast drill. I.

Sack.

thuiJ

The sound

H

2.

th i11J

Reach.

has nearly the same tongue position as

the lips are spread with n and rounded with u.

The symbol

11.

The main difference is that

H

suggests trying to say a u

with a stick (-) sideways in the mouth to keep the lips from rounding. Use the four steps described in section 1.4. In ster 2, the word can be identified by giving its number or meaning. b.

b-p contrast drill. !.

c.

a.

Leaf.

2.

pay

Go.

Good.

2.

tii

Hit.

d-t contrast drill. I.

1.7

bay

dii

Grammar drills. Substitution drill.

sawatdii khrap. (kha) sawatdii kha. (ca) (khn\p) sawatdii ca.

Hello from man to supenor. Hello from woman to superior. Hello to inferior or intimate.

5

Use the 5 steps describ;:d in section 1.5. Students needn't worry about practicing the part of the opposite sex. No harm is done, and the pattern is drilled.

1.8 Numbers. .., SJJI) saam haa

Two. Three. Five.

Practice reading the f~llowing numbers at home. (235 is to be read SOJI) saam baa.) Time yourself. Try to get the time under 10 seconds. Be especially careful with the tones.

235 1.9

352

532

253

523

325

Conversation.

a. The teacher states an attribute of khaw (he or she) and then asks the student about it. Student Teacher ph~;,m khrap. khaw ph5';,m may kha. (khaw ph5Jm) may dii khnip. (khaw may dii) khaw dii may kha. Etc. The emphasis in this section is meaning. In other sections it is either sounds or patterns. The conversations should be primarily between teacher and student. Only when a conversation can be done with complete fluency should two students converse with each other. If a student ever has more than two seconds of hesitation, it means that he isn't ready for this section. Sections 3 and 5 need more work. The student should always give the expected answer. He should never try to be original. Competition among students should not consist of coming up with more original answers, but of giving expected answers with greater speed and better pronunciation. This section should always be done without books. b.

Exchange hellos all around.

1.10 Writing. Thai writing is alphabetic like that of European languages, but unlike European languages there is an added complication with both vowels and consonants. Vowels. Not only must the symbol be learned, but also its position. Some vowels appear after the initial consonant, some before it, some above it, some below it, some with combinations of these positions, and some with none of them (that is, with no symbol at all). Consonants. Not only must the symbol be learned, but also its tone class. The initial consonant of dii without a tonal marker gives the syllable a mid tone; while that of ph5Jm gives a rising tone.

6

dii Good.

ph5;,m· Thin.

*dii

phii

phiim

d:>:>m

diim

*dii

*ph~:>m

phii

The asterisk marks words known by the student. Whenever you see an asterisk, recall the meaning of the word. Practice reading the Thai writing with the transcription column covered with a card. After reading each word, slide the card down uncovering the transcription to confirm or correct your reading. Then practice writing each word with the Thai writing covered. Slide the card down to check yourself after each attempt. Lesson l appears again on the following pages without the clutter of instructions to acquaint teacher and students with the normal format of the lessons. Use it now for review. From here on the regular text will appear on the right-hand pages only. On the pages facing from the left, all Thai words and sentences of the text will be printed in normal Thai orthography. Most teachers will find it easier to use the left-hand pages while doing drills. Those students who have learned to read and write Thai but not to speak it will also find it easier to follow the left-hand pages. The normal student, however, is advised to follow only the right-hand pages. He will stand a much better chance of ending up with good pronunciation if he does so. After he finishes Book 2, though, he might want to review Book 1 by following the Thai writing. The repetitive nature of the substitution drills offers an excellent means of building speed of recognition.

7

Gl.m

n

""

r!

tllffWll 'j)

ull.J NulJ llllJ

i~

.,

LGtl 1

fl 1 1J

'

fl~

Gl • en

1J l'H1lft1 U 1 ... q '

'U. fflff~fl~

141 'j)

l1l.Jl l1l.J 1 'j)

'j)

'JI

l.J 1 l1l.J 1 l.J 1 l1l.J 1 l.J 1

U1 l1U1 U1 l1U1 U1 ~

'j)

g/

'JI

l1Ul Ul l1Ul Ul l1U1 l1U1 tn l1'Ul U1 l1Ul 'j)

l1U1 l1Ul l1U1 l1Ul l1U1

l1Ul

8

'JI

l1U1

'JI

l1tn l1Ul l1U1

LESSON 1 1.1 Vocabulary and expansions. wat saw at dii sawiltdii

Well-being. fortune (not used alone). To be good. A greeting used for either meeting or parting. Greetings! Aloha! Hello! Goodbye!

ca

Particles are short words that are used to convey feelings, not meaning. Their function is roughly comparable to that of intonations in English. The three words listed to the left (two of them have two variants) are They are used at the end of sentences whenever polite particles. extra politeness is called for. In such situations men use khrap when speaking to non -intimate equals or superiors and women use kha (khd with questions). Both men and women use cd (cd with questions) when speaking to intimate equals, inferiors, or children. (See page I.)

?C. an

To be fat.

ph5;,m

To be thin.

may

One of several question particles {similar to a spoken question mark). This one is used to ask for an opinion or a decision.

may

Not.

khaw

He, she, they (people only).

khnip

khii

kha

ca.

Two. Three. Five.

haa

1.2 Patterns. Hello! Hello! Hello!

sawatdii khnip. sawatdii kha. sawatdii ca.

(Man to superior.) (Woman to superior.) . (Man or woman to inferior.)

1.3 Dialog. A.

Hello!

sawatdii khrap.

B. sa watdii kha.

Hello!

1.4 Tone identification and production. naa naa naa

Rice field. Face. Thick.

naa naa naa naa naa naa naa naa naa naa naa naa naa naa naa

Mid tone. Falling tone. Rising tone. naa naa naa naa naa naa naa naa naa naa naa naa nia naa naa

9

4l.&:

uuu Hfl1Wlfl11 aau li'ftt~ "'~", .. ! ""'

Ql

Ql

...

'

n.

fl.

~imJ

91

~'hm

(t"nu)

i

t1'1Ull1lJ ("HllJ)

"H) lJ i l1l.J (~) 'U.

i lJ~,..,. i'" lJCl1l-l

t-4

).J~

n1ull1l.J '" il.JCJ1U

~Cll.Jll1lJ i,J~{)lJ

" (Cl1l-l) (~CllJ)

i~~{)lJ (~)

fl.

-u. fl.

I

(fl::)

rf1il~fl::

( 11::) "

"' -4 " rf1il~1l:

(rd''u)

"'

~

I

ffllJ

10

"

l11

1.5 Tone manipulation. a.

Substitution drill. Good? Do you think it's good? (fat) Fat? Do you think she's fat? (thin) Thin? Do you think he's thin? (good)

dii may. ( ?uan) ?uan may. (ph"m) ph5:>m may. (dii) b.

Substitution drill. Not good. It isn't good. (fat) (thin) Not fat. She isn't fat. Not thin. He isn't thin. (nice)

may dii. ( ?uan) may ?iian. (pH:>m) may ph5:>m. (dii)

c.

Response drill.

dii may. may dii.

Do you think it's good? No, I don't.

?uan may. may ?fian.

Do you think she's fat? No, I don't.

ph5:>m may. may ph~m.

Do you think he's thin? No, I don't.

1.6 Vowel and consonant drills.

a. u-11 contrast drill. Sack. I. thu!J b.

2.

thil)

Reach.

2.

pay

Go.

2.

tii

Hit.

b-p contrast drill.

I.

bay

Leaf.

c. d-t contrast drill. Good. I. dii l. 7 Grammar drills.

a.

Substitution drill. Hello from man to superior. Hello from woman to superior. Hello to inferior or intimate.

sawatdii khnip. (kha) sawatdii kha. (ca) sawatdii ca. (khrap)

1.8 Numbers. s~~IJ

saam

baa

Two. Three. Five.

Practice reading the following numbers at home. Time yourself. Try to get the time under 10 seconds.

235

352

Be especially careful with the tones.

532

253

325 11

523

n. 1'\Jl f-HllJ l'HlJfl ~

1'\Jl~L'HlJfl~

.q

NtllJ

~

.q

.q

~

H

~tl

HlJ

~6lJ

~)J

H6lJ

~

.q .q .q

.q

rw

H

12

Conversation.

1 .9 a.

The teacher states an attribute of khaw and then asks the student about it.

(khaw

ph~:>m)

(khaw may dii)

ph3':>m khrap.

khaw ph5:>m may kha.

may dii khrap.

khaw dii may kha.

Etc. b.

Exchange hellos all around.

1.10

Writing.

d

~f)~

~

ph5:>m Thin.

dii Good.

a

~

a

~

•dii

phii

a

~f)

@lf)l] ~tl11

~el

~3J

d:>:>

phiim

a

fill

d:>:>m

diim

a

"

•ph5:>m

a ~

ph"5J

13

•dii

phii

IfVlrl 1m

1Jlt'J {'f1J 1t'.l ~

ffUl t'.l\?1 ~

l1'Hl d

wu flU

,,

....

fll

flUUU ~ l1U~

..;. 1'f

c4

1UU

1~Ul1 LJJt~uh l!!l.h!> !II

'Hf1

lrn-Hni~'VcHth~ lufl ~

~e:JUl1'le:J d

~

lt'JUl1 le:J

' ~ltl i l1tyl1 ~

~

1'f1Jlt'.l¥ll1 le:J

"":J lttll'Hle ""

t l1lu flUUU

14

LESSON 2 l.l

Vocabulary and expansions.

baay sabaay sabaay dii

To be comfortable, feel nice. To be well. A question particle used to ask for a confirmation. The speaker makes a guess based on the way things seem to him and then asks if he is right. 'Am l right in assuming that ... '. To ask for. Punishment. Excuse me ! I'm sorry !

kh~

thoot kh:l:~

thoot

Shortened form of laray which means 'what' or 'something'. To be something or someone.

ray pen pen ray may pen ray

lt's nothing. Not at all. Don't mention it.

yay

To be big.

lek

To be little.

SUUIJ tia

To be tall. To be short (in height). To be hot. To be cold. Person, people. That (adjective). That person. One.

r~n

yen khon nan klton min niiiJ sli

Four. Six.

hok l.l Pattems. rj:m

1~.

yen 1~. yay 15~. sabaay dii

1~.

khaw 15~. khon nan 1~.

(You act as if it's bot, so I assume that) it's hot. Am 1 right? I assume it's cold. Am I right? It's big, is it? You appear to be feeling well. Are you? Him? You mean him? That person'?

15

~. Q')

U l'HlU lllH

'\J.

..., m l~a. hmm. ph5':ml miiak.

It's thin? Yes. It's very thin.

dii

dii miiak.

It's gooo? Yes. It's very good.

san maak.

It's short in length? Yes. It's very short.

l~a.

hmm. san 13a. hmm.

?uan 1~hmm. ?uan maak.

It's fat? Yes. It's very fat

tia l~a. hmm.

It's short in height? Yes. It's very short.

tia miiak.

3.6 Vowel and consonant drills. a. aaw·!EW contrast drill. I.

laalaaw

2.

lnlnw

2.

phaa thaa chaa khaa

b. p t c k-ph tb ch kb contrast drill. I.

paa taa caa kaa

29

~

cn.ri

..,,

UUUHfll1~

J

1Ulfl1ill

,.

fl.

q tl 11Utlll111'UflC>fJYI l1U '-\,

f~ I "' q II 11Utlll111 uflngn luu

,~,

C>ll1l'HHJ'n l1U

..

.'~1 '

flll111C>fJYI UU

,

,~,

t1n~n11111nyn

,

t1u

' '"1uu

l1tl~tlll111C>gn

tl

••

Lfll

30

3.7 Grammar drills.

a. Substitution driU. raan yuu thii nay. (nian ?aahiian) n'lan ?aabaan yuu thii nay. (h51)) h51J yuu thii nay. (nian ?aahaan nik) raan ?aahaan nik yuu thii nay. (khaw) khaw yuu thii nay. (raan tat phom) raan tat phom yuu thii nay. (?aahaan) ?aahaan yuu thii nay. (khon nan) khon min yuu thii nay. (h51) 1aahaan) h51) ?aahaan yuu thii nay.

Where's Where· s Where's Where's Where's Where's Where's Where's Wher\':'s

the shop? (restaurant) the restaurant? (room) the room? (Nick's Restaurant) Nick's Restaurant? (he) he? (barber shop) the barber shop? (food) the food? (that person) that person? (dining room) the dining room?

b. Substitution drill. yuu yuu yuu yuu yuu yuu yuu yuu yuu

thii thii thii thii thii thii thii thii thii

It's here. (restaurant) It's at the restaurant. (there) It's there. (barber shop) It's at the barber shop. (room) It's in the room. (Nick's Restaurant) It's at Nick's Restaurant. (he) He has it. (dining room) It's in the dining room. (that person) That person has it.

nii. (raan ?aahaan) nian ?aahaan. (noon) noon. (raan tat phom) raan tat phom. (h51)) h51J. (raan ?aahaan nik) raan ?aahian nik. (kbaw) khflw. (h5g ?aahaan) h51J ?aahian. (khon nan) khon nan.

c. Response drill. nian yuu thil nay. nian yuu thii noon.

Where's the shop? The shop's over there.

?aahiian yuu thii nay. ?aahaan yuu thii noon.

Where's the food? The food's over there.

kh:iw yuu thii nay. khaw yuu thii noon.

Where's be? He's over there.

raan ?aahaan nik yuu thii nlly. raan ?aahian nik yuu thii noon.

Where's Nick's Restaurant? Nick's Restaurant's over there.

raan tat phom yuu thii nlly. raan tat phom yuu thii noon.

Where's the barber shop? The barber shop's over there.

h51J ?aahllan yuu thii nlly. h51) ?aahlan yuu thii noon.

Where's the dining room'? The dining room's over there.

3.8 Numben.

8

7

cet

plat

9 kaaw

10 sip

Practice reading the following numbers at home. Try to get the time under 25 seconds. Be especially careful with the tones.

749

986

173

897

796

978

291 31

487

854

817

968

595

m.8 fl1U'fl4YIU1l,(fUllJ il.

.,

Ill

HulJfl'HJ

HulJ Ll1lJ fl:: tl1 u, l1lJ fl::

"" '1'91 lJ'Ul'Ufl~U,

eJ1'U ll1lJfl::

"" 'O)'Ufl~U

H'UlJ

91

I

,

fWlJ l l1lJfl::

o.

lJH'UlJfl~U,

'JI

ul'U

1l1~fllU

1l1~ll1lJfl:: L~o "lmm::

1,lJ L(1flfl 'lU, l l1\lj,

L~o Ll1JJr1::

mnfl ~u

..,

d

..,

d

1l1~ll1lJfl::

, lJlll1 ty fl 'llJ,

t1~ ll11Jfl::

"' t1~fl lU

\

"'

·~

l~r.Jll1lJfl!:

"' LfltlfllU

..

,

t1 ~ l l'UJfl ::

~

.,

I

lJt1-3fllU, L"r.J

"'

'j/

"' luUfllU

.fvl.tll1lJfl:: LU'Ull1lJfl::

., Lid lJLtJl.lfllu,

L~UllUJfl::

"' LfJUfllU

., ,191 lJ'l'fl'\.!fllU,

r.J11, l1lJfl::

"' fJ11fl lU

d

Lr.J'\.!

a~ t i lJt1'\.!fl lU, tll1 I

luLl1lJfl::

., t t1l.lfll1J

Jl.lll1lJfl::

i lJt'Jl1fl lU, I

tll1 ll1lJfl:

.... ,.J, ..

.....................nun . Ll1Ufl: ,.J,

91

1nu

,z

.;'f) l.l ll1lJ fl ::

ln 1!1ti ::

L'C)fl

., 'U ' l.l llJLfWflllJ, t1-3

L~W ll1lJfl::

'\! v

d

"'

I

.,

'flt'J'Yl ..................... fl lU

"'

32

.,

t

t1l.l

3.9 Conversation. a. The teacher should draw pictures like those below on the blackboard and ask the following qUeStionS 8S she poinwt~-~at them. hYp ;J;Jm may kha. ph~:>m khnip. ?Oan may kha. miy ?uan khnip.

~

ph~:>m

?uan may kha. may kha.

?uan khrap. may ph3:\m khnip.

0

yay may kha. lek may kha.

yay khrap. may Jek khrap.

yay.

0

lek may kha. yay may kha.

lek khnip. may yay khrap.

tek.

~ 0

suuo may kha. tia may khl\.

SUUI) khnip. may tia khrap.

SUUI).

tia may kha. SUUI) may kha.

tia khnip. may SUUI) khrap.

r~:>n may kha. yen may kha.

r~:>n khrap. may yen khrap.

d:>n.

yen may kh&. rj:>n may kha.

yen khnip. may r&:>n khrap.

yen.

yaaw may kha. san may kha.

yaaw khnip. may san khrap.

yaaw.

san may kha. yaaw may kha.

sin khrap. mAy yaaw khtlip.

~ '

c:

f .

::»

10an.

tia.

sin.

b. Practice the conversation suggested below. First the teacher should ask each student where

the sugsested places are, then the students should ask the teacher. the barber shop the shop kh~ thaot khi. Nick's Restaurant room the kha. nay thti ............... yuu the dining room the food the restaurant he here over there

yuu thii.. .......... khrap: k}U)pkhun miak kha. mly pen ray khrip.

Don't go beyond these limitations even if you happen to know the names of articles in the room. The temptation to introduce or ask for new vocabulary in this section should always be resisted. Simply play the game as skillfully (that is, sounding as much like the teacher) as possible. Conformity, not originality, is the key to language learning. Above all, avoid trying to express reality of the situation through tone of voice.

33

fi'U

flllJ

?ll'U

~l'U

fllU

Nl'U

3.10 Writing.

ph6m

khon

Hair.

People.

fleJ~

kh:>liJ

flellJ

kh;,;,m

~~

('khon

"~

~~

phon

~~

,u

don

"~

khol)

~u

son

~~

ph61)

~1~

~tl

56m

~eJ~

ph5JI)

~1U

saan

~tl

l..lhllll

~el3J

•ph;,:>m

"1U

daan

~~

*ph om

~flU

ph3;,n

fl1ll.

khaan

~11

dom

fl'ElU

kh:l.)R

~1U

phaan

dOl)

SOl)

35

.,,~

khaam

•saam

0

.Y.. t!

tllnl'Ul flW



..

l1l& ~

l1\.ll

VIH

~

VIHt:JfltJ

iu

-u11

~,~

V1H-u11

~,~itJ

~,~1u'li'Hl1Ul

mn ~

UHI

ill ....1nv

~

-uH-u11 ~

~

-uHt:JtlU

YIH\111

"

"

\1Hl1Ul ~

VIHCJfltJ

36

LESSON 4 4.1 Vocabuhary and expansions. khun

khun sawat khun yaiJ nuu

A res~ctful titie (Mr., Mrs., Miss) used with a p~rson's first name. (With foreigners, it is used with either the first or last name.) As with similar titles in most European languages (but not English). it is used without a name to call a stranger. Khun Sawat. Mr. Young.

talaat

Mouse. This word is used to call children. Like khun, it can be used with or without the first name. Market.

thaaiJ saay thaal) saay

Way, path Left. To the left.

khwaa thaaiJ khwaa

Right. To the right.

leew

And then. subsequently.

ta

A question particle used to ask the same thing (as a previous question) about something else. 'And what about ... ? '

fOOl)

rum fOOl) rUnt

Hotel.

khial) nb khill) naa

Side. Face, front. The front side, ahead, in front of.

tall

Back. The back side of, in back of, behind.

pay

To To To To

kh8.1J ll!J

troll

trOIJ pay trot) pay khil) nia

go. be straight. go straight. go straight ahead.

~~~y

may ... I~~Y

?et

Not ... at all. One (used in combinatjons like 21. 3 I).

4.2 Patterns.

tbaao niy tba&IJ .khwia tha&l) shy

Which way? To the right. To the left.

khlo khwla

On the right side. On the left side. In front. In back.

khll) saay khl1J nla khllJ IIQ (More.)

37

I t/ LL~11'Ulll~ ~ I ~ 11il1iltHA'U~~

I

~

LLi:l19Hl WHl~ ~

1

I

Uil1 'i.JU'HJ"~

fl.

.

.

fl~fl~tJ

.

vt"1~HJu~1~-u 'II

. I

el

'\1. fHJ'VlHCffl(l

4f...,

..

...

_!f

~

ci .ell UtJUNfl'H~tl1ln ~UO~fl1188fllfttJUIU11

n. HlJ'II

38

khun khnip. khun kha. nuu d.

Excuse me, Mister. Excuse me, Lady. (Man speaking.) Excuse me, Mister. Excuse me, Lady. (Woman speaking.) Hey, little one. Hey, Sonny.

yi10 thaal) ~aay. yuu thaal) khwaa. yuu trol) pay khalJ naa.

It's to the left. It's to the right. It's straight ahead.

1£ew llEW ltew liew

And And And And

khaw hi. khon nan hi. talaat Ia. rool)m:m Ja

It It It It

may dii ~~~y. may yay la~y. may r:>~n ~~~y. may ?Clan l~;,y. 4.3

Dialog.

A.

khun khrap. talaat yuu thii nay.

B. A. B. 4.4

what what what what

isn't isn't isn't isn't

about about about about

good at all. big at all. hot at alt. fat at all.

Excuse rite, Mister. Where's the market?

yuu thaal) saay. l'•w rooiJreem yuu thii nAy.

him? that person? the market? the hotel?

It's to the left.

Ia.

And how about the hotel? Where is it? The hotel is straight ahead.

rool)rnm yuu trol) pay (khll) nla). Tone Identification and production.

a. Five words are listed below without the tones written in. (The asterisk means that the tone isn't written and it is thus not necessarily a mid tone. Whenever an actual symbol for ntid tone is needed, a horizontal line can be used. For example, the ton~: on the toneless •dtl ~an be written thus: dfl.) fish Chicken Pork Shrimps Beef

"'plaa

"'kay

•muu "'kuo •n"a

............ ............ ............ ............ ............

The teacher should say each word once, allowing time for the student to write in the tone if he can identify it. Then the teacher should say each word twice, and then three times, and so on until the student has identified all of the tones. The student should wait until he is perfectly sure of the tone before writins it: he should never guess. After identifyina a tone correctly, he should wl'ite after the word the number of repetitions it took. If he is still unsure after ten repetitions, he should mark it wrong. This exercise is continued throughout the book. The student can keep track of his progress in identifying each tone by comparing the number of repetitions it takes him to identify it as he proceeds through the book. Need· less to say, the exercise is ruined if the student prepares in advance by looking ahead to find a word's tone. And if the student happens to already know the word, he should disreaard It as a measure of his progress.

39

,.

,

Ul

,

H'Ul Hlll

, ,

clod

,

, ,

tl

,

tl

,

tl

,

"

"

Ul HUl Ul l1Ul Ul

l1Ul Ul \1\.ll Ul Hlll

" Ul l1Ul Ul HUl Ul

" tl l1\.ll \.ll l1Ul \.ll l1\.ll

UUU

~

:

.., .., ~ ft'H~ft11ftftUUffHft~fl1 "

n.

'"

1J10UHHJ

(tY-3) •

1u'Cf~UUJ

(ll1t\i)

'Whtqiuw

(01U)

'hJ/1u1~tJ

(ttn)

wttntao

(1llU)



,

"

40

b. Toae coatrast clriU.

naa

Mother's younger brother or sister (aunt, uncle). Face. Thick.

naa

naa

naa naa naa naa naa naa naa naa naa naa

High. Failing. Rising.

naa naa naa naa naa nia naa naa naa nia

4.5 Tone maaipulation. a. Substitution drill. (First practice saying: miy may may may may

don

~~~y.

SUUI) ~~~y.

yay ~~~y. ?Clan ~~~y. yaaw ~~~y.

(suul)) (yay) (?Oan) (yaaw) (r:;~n)

~~~~~~~~;,y l;,~l~y l:>~l~y.)

isn't isn't isn't isn't It isn't

It It It It

hot at all. tall at all. big at all. fat at all. long at all.

(tall) (big) (fat) (long) (hot)

b. Response drUI. may sin~~~. hmm. m.ly san ~~~y.

Am 1 right in assuming that it isn't short in length? You are right. It isn't short at all.

miy yen 1~. hmm. may yen l»y.

Isn't it cold? No. Jt isn't cold at all.

may ph!bm ·~~. hmm. may ph!bm ~~~y.

Isn't it thin? No. It isn't thin at all.

m.ly d:m ~~~. hmm. miy r:;:m l»y.

Isn't it hot? No. It isn't hot at all.

mAy yay

lsn 't it big? No. It isn't big at all.

1~.

hmm. may yay ~~~y.

mAy dii

15~.

hmm. mAy dii •~~y.

mly tia

hmm.

1~.

mly tia •~~Y.

Isn't it good? No. It isn't good at all. Isn't it short in height? No. It isn't short at all.

mly suug 15~. hmm. may s\\ul) t;~y.

lsn't it tall'? No. It isn't tall at all.

mly yaaw 1~. hmm. mly yaa w l;;y.

lsn't it long? No. It isn't lona at all.

mly le.k

lsn 't it little?

I~.

hmm. mly le.k J;~y.

mly ?Oan J5a. h~m. ntly ?Oan IJJY.

No. It isn't little at all. Jsn 't it fat? No. It isn't fat at all.

41

z; 1'UU Hrt,flQ Ill

'

" r·~n

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46

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,

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tf'Ull11Jfl::

t'I'Ufl 'lU, 'tf'UU ltl

t'Jl1 ll11Jfl::

l~tl11fl 1iJ, 1Jrn1HUJ

4.8 Numbers. Numbers are rarely used alone in Thai. they are being used to count.

They are usually accompanied by the units

sip siiam khon

13 people.

sip hila khon sip hok khon sip cct khon sip pht khon

sip sii khon

14 people.

sip kaaw khon

sip khon sip 7et khon sip s3::11) khon

lO people. I I people. 12 people.

Practice reading the following numbers of people at home. under 20 seconds. Be especially careful with the tones.

15 people. 16 people.

17 people. Ill people.

19 people. Try to get the time

15 khon

19 khon

16 khon

17 khon

12 khon

17 khon

14 khon

10 khon

16 khon

II khon

18 khon

15 khon

I I khon

18 khon 13 khon

13 khon

19 khon

I4 khon

10 khon

12 khon

4.9 Conversation. a.

The teacher should draw pictures like those below on the blackboard and ask the

following quw~~-tions as she points at them.

~ 0 0

~ 0

,

~

.

.

.

c:

~

c::::::::>

ph3'Jm may kha. ?uan may kha.

ph5Jm maak. ph5::~m khrap. may 7uan la;,y. may 1uan khrap.

?uan may kha. ph3'Jm may kha.

?uan maak. ?uan khrap. may ph5:m1 J;,::~y. may ph5Jm khnip.

yay may klui. lek may kha.

yay maak. yay khnip. may lek laay. may lek khr{lp.

lek may kha. yay may kha.

lek maak. lek khrap. may yay may yay khrap.

suulJ may kha. tia may kha.

SUUIJ miiak. siiul) khnip. may tia la;~y. may tia khnip.

tia may kha. SUUIJ may kha.

tia miiak. tia khr:ip. may 'SUUIJ may suuiJ khrap.

r5Jn may kha. yen may kha.

r5:m maak. r5Jn khr:ip. may yen laay. may yen khrap

yen may kha . dJn may kha.

yen maak. yen khrap. may r:bn laay. may r5:>n khrap.

yaaw may kha. san may kha.

yaaw miiak. yaaw khnip. may san bJy. may san khnip.

san may kha. yaaw may kha.

san mflak. san khrap. may yuw leey. may yaaw khrap.

47

I:~ay.

~ay.

fl tllt"l :';



~~~~~

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~ tJtJ'........................... fllU

"'

mn ........................... ft:fl:: I

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(6

khun sawat yuu thii fOOI)fEEnl iek. khun yaiJ yuu thii rooiJrEEm yay. khon ?uan tat phom thii r.Jan tilt phom dii. khon ph"5:>m tilt ph6m thii raan tat ph6m may Jii. TOO!JrHffi (ek yuu khal) naa raan tat phom dii. fOOTJIEEnl yay yuu khal) naa rm yiJU thii fOOI)TEEffi sawatdii. nian tat phom khaiJ UiiJ rooiJreem lek dii. nian tat phom khi\1] li'tl) rOOIJTEEffi yay may dii. fOOI)fEEm sabaay yuu khiil) naa nian fat phom yal). fOOl)! eem sawatdii yuu khal) naa raan tat ph om saw at. khon ?uan tat ph6m thii raan tat phom yat). khon ph5:>m tat phom thii n\an tat phom sawat. khun sawat yuu thii roorJreem kharJ naa nian tat phOm dii. khun ya!J yuu thii roo!Jreem kha!J naa raan tat phom may dii. TOOI)TEEm sabaay yuu khal) naa raan tat phom dii. fOOI)TEEffi sawatdii yuu khal) nii..l nian tat phom may dii. r:ian tat phom yaiJ yuu khal) lal) rooiJreem sabaay. n\an tat phom sawat yuu khal) liil) fOOI)I eem sawatdii. khon ?uan tat phom thii raan tat phom khiil) Iii!) fOOI)rEEm lek. khon ph5:>m tat phom thii nian tilt phom khalJ lag rooiJreem yay. khun sawat yuu thii fOOIJrEEm khiil) naa raan tat phom yal). khun yal) yuu thii fOOI)reem khal) naa n}an tat phom Sawat. n\an tat phom khal) liilJ roolJreem sabaay dii. raan tat phom khalJ lalJ rool)reem sawatdii may dii. roo!Jreem khalJ naa nian tat phom yal) Jek. fOOl)fEEm khal) nfla nian tat phom sawat yay. khun sawat tat phom thii raan tat phom khiil) Iii!) rOOI)rEEm lek. khun yaiJ tat phom thii nian tat phom khaiJ liil) roolJreem yay. khon ?f1an yuu thii TOOI)fEEm khal) naa raan tat phom dii. khon phJJffi yiJu thii fOOl)rEEffi khaJ) naa nian tat phom may dii. fOOI)fEEm khiil) naa raan tat phom dii Jek. fOOIJrEEm khal) naa raan tat phom may dii yay.

53

ft.

.,

fl. fltYfllU ~

tttn lnll " "' &I " '.\Ill "' 11U~~~~n1n~DV l1LMUfllU

"'

-u.

"

"'

..,q

.,

11U'l~~1JO~~fl1U ~

~~lfl

'J., . ,

fl. DOll 'HUfl lU 'II

,,

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.,

ttl. tlO'\INlHN HU'l1JnU1fJfl1U

"'

fl.

'..;., l1UfllU "' 1l~Ul1JtlU10DQl1 -u. nv~l-3 hl'll1~l1lllfl i'u "'

..,

fl. ttiDUfltY1Jlflfl 1U

'

'\1.

,~LdULlfl{u

c. Dialog. !\.

B.

khun khnip. kh5:> t hoot. nian tilt phom sawat yuu thii nay khnip. nlan till phom sawat 1~3 khn\p. yuu thii noon khrap. khaiJ laiJ rooiJreem sawiudii.

A. dii may khnip. B.

may dii khrap. may dii

A.

B.

A.

B. A.

B. A.

B.

l:~:ly.

nlan tat -pMm thi1 nay dii khrip.

n'tan tat pMm yal) dii khrap. dii maak. yuu thii nay khrap.

yiJU khal) Iii!) rooiJr!em sabaay khrap. fOOl)rEEill

sabaay yuu thii nay khrap.

yuu trOI) pay khal) kh~pkhun

naa khrap.

maak khnip.

may pen ray khrap.

55

I

Cll

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Ooll)

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11

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u

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nu ~

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'UU

lu"u 'Yil-l

.,

hl'u

..,

nu

LESSON 6 6.1

Vocabulary and expansions.

khun nuu

The second person (you) 111 Thai presents a real problem for western learners. Titles, relationship terms, names, and combinations of these are used instead of pronouns. For example, when speaking to his bro~her named John, the speaker might use John. Brother, Mister. Mr. Brother, or Brother John in place of you. And the relationship terms are not restricted to one's relations. For example, when speaking to any woman a generation older than himself, the speaker might call her Auntie, or Mrs. Auntie. The term that is used depends on the social relationship, the situation, the speaker's mood, and many other things. The student is advised to start out using the most general title kltun with strangers, nuu with children, and the person's name with known inferiors (one's servants) and intimates. The rest will come later. Omit all pronouns and similar terms, however, when they are unnecessary to the meaning. For example, the parenthesized parts of the following sentences would rarely appear in Thai. 'Where (are you) going?' '(I'm) going home'.

ruu cak ruucak 7ee wan 7eera\\an rool)rHm ?ccntwan dddll

nii thaal) nii

nan nan noon

To know a person, place, or thing (that is, to be acquainted with).

Era wan. The Erawan Hotel. To walk. This (adjective). This way. That. the one mentioned (adjective).

thaal) noon

That. the one mentioned (noun). That (farther away than ncin). That over there.

thY I) yf£k siiyE'Ek thwl) siiy£d:

To arrive at, reach. To fork. separate. Intersection (four forks). To arrive at the intersection.

Jiaw liEw liaw l{ew liaw khwiia

To turn. Then turn. Then turn right.

khwaay

Water buffalo.

wua kwaa

Cattle. cow, bull. More (than). -er (than).

?a ray

What·?

kan

The other, each other. mutually.

yii

Two (used only for the twenties).

kap, ka

With, and.

57

"'

'11 onounn~ tl ..

~ tHt'f1ttiO

., "'

'II



tl..

..

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.,

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"'"

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nu

tl mntt'W1\111

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mn uunlllfl tJ

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i \1(\1011

,

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I

~

I

I

'nH\.I'U

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tl

II

I

i 'H(\1011\l ' ' "'

fl'U'U

~

iMqio1nfu 1Mt\in1,nu

fl'U'U'U fluhl'u b.cn Ut'UfU'nUl

fl.

flW~ifl h-3U1JJHn11.,W,\ilJ •

,., 'II

, • 1tfl

"'

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fl. ,urn~ ,,.,u -u.

L~'U~1~

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fl. d

1\i'U

58

6.2 Patterns. ruudlk khun sawat ruudtk khun yal) ruuc:'J.k rOOI)TEEm ?eerawan

To know Khun Sawat. To know Mr. Young. To know the Erawan Hotel.

thii nii thii nan thii noon

Here. There, at the stated place. Yonder.

thaa!J nii thaaiJ min thaaiJ noon

This way. That way, the aforesaid way. That way over there.

khon nii khon nan khon noon

This person. That person, the aforesaid person. That person over there.

thiil) siiyE'ek thwl) roogrum thitg talaat

To get to the intersection. To get to the hotel. To get to the market

leew liaw khwaa !lew liaw saay !lew. trog pay

Then turn right. Then turn left. Then ~o straight ahead.

yay kwaa siiug kwaa d:m kwaa

Bigger. Taller. Hotter.

yay kwaa nii yay kwaa nan yay kwaa kan

Bigger than this. Bigger than that. Bigger than the other.

6.3. Dialoa. A. khun ruucak rool)rum ?eerawan may. B. ruucak.

Do you know the Erawan Hotel? Yes.

A.

Which way does one go?

B.

A.

pay thaal) nay.

trol) pay thaag nii. thun siiyeek J{ew Haw khwaa. rOOI)rEEm yiJu thaal) saay.

d~n

kh:l:lpkhun miiak.

Thank you very much.

B. may pen ray. 6.4

a.

Walk straight along this way. When you get to the corner, turn right. The hotel is on the left. Not at all.

Tone identification and production. Identify the tones and record the number of repetitions required. To have , there is. To like. To see. To put in or on. To buy.

*mii *ch;).)p *hen *say *stn:t

59

....

fl.

fl1ltJ1M~t1l11.,1

d

101

I

(rf-3) 'U

11tnnn11fl11U

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(fl1'U)

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tl ' "' fl11tHJ1'Ut11111

(mn)

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.,

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(HuJJ) ~

(LfW)

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.... 6~

,

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d

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n'U un fl'U 66 n'U 6u 6 u6 n'U

....

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\1. 'UlW 'UlW 'Ul'U

'UH 'UH 'UH

~H

60

-ll-3

~H

~l'U

~l'U ~lW

b. Tone speed drill. Practice saying the following with gradual increase in speed. tones Will require the most practice. kay kay kay kay kay hen h~n h~n h~n

h~n

plaa plaa plaa plaa p laa kuq kulJ kulJ kuiJ kulJ

The rising and falling n~a n~a n~a n~a n~a

6.5 Tone manipulation. a. Substitution drill. khwaay yay kwaa wua.

(SUlll))

Butfalos are bigger than cows.

(tall)

khwaay suulJ kwaa wua.

(?uan)

Buffalos are taller than cows.

(fat)

khwaay ?uan kwaa wua.

(lek)

Buffalos are fatter than cows.

( sma II)

wua lek kwaa khwaay.

(ph5::~m)

Cows are smaller than butfalos.

(thin)

wua phj:>m kwaa khwaay. (tia)

Cows are thinner than buffalos.

(short)

wua tia kwaa khwaay.

Cows are shorter than buffalos.

(big)

b.

(yay)

Response drill.

?aray yay kwaa kan. khwaay yay kwaa wua.

Wh1ch is bigger? The buffalo is bigger than the cow.

'laray 'lOan kwaa kan. khwaay ?uan kwaa wua.

Which is fatter? The buffalo is fatter than the cow.

?aray suulJ kwaa kan. khwaay suUIJ kwaa wua.

Which is taller? The buffalo is taller than the cow.

?aray lek kwaa kan. wua lek kwaa khwaay.

Which is smaller? The cow is smaller than the buffalo.

7aray ph:Y.>m kwaa kan. wua ph5:>m kwaa khwaay.

Which is thinner? The cow is thinner than the buffalo.

?aray tia kwaa kan. wua tia kwaa khwaay.

Which is shorter? The cow is shorter than the buffalo.

6.6

a.

Vowel and consonant drills. •• compared with ii and uu. Practice the following alternations, noting that the lips do not move. ii-IUI-i i-IUI-i i -YY-ii-IU:I-ii Now practice the following, noting that the tongue does not move. UU-~H-UU-WY-UU-YH-UU-YW-UU

Practice the following atte~nations many times with increasing speed. ii-tiW-UU-l:ltt-ii-WY-UU-Wti-ii UU-titi-ii-Wti-UU-tiW-ii-tlti-UU

b. IJ speed drill. Practice saying the following with gradual increase in speed. naan naan naan

naal) naalJ naag

oaag gaal) gaag

61

gaan l)aan l)aan

b.~

U1J1J;tflt1ft, 1ll1fl1u;

fl.

~~n h~u·nHn'In"'w1l1lJ 'U

"

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( flt)!tJcv-l)



(h ~ LL'jlJ Ltl111CVW)

.... QYI1-3ttl11

(~1fJ)

74

7.7 Grammar drills. a. Substitution drill. phftu yil), (chaay) phuu chaay. (YitJ)

Girl. (male) Man. (female)

b. Substitution drill. h51J naam phuu chaay. (YiiJ)

Men's room. (female)

h5g naam phOu yilJ. (chaay)

Ladies' room.

c. Substitution drill. h51J miam phuu yil) yuu thaaiJ khwla.

(chaay) (yil))

h51) naam phuu chaay yuu thaaTJ khwla.

(male)

The ladies' room is to the right.

(men's)

The men's room is to the right.

(ladies')

d. Substitution drill. h51J naam phuu yfl) yuu thaaiJ khwaa.

(saay)

h51) naam phuu yig yuu thaal) saay. (khwaa)

(left)

The ladies' room is to the right.

The ladies' room is to the left. (right)

e. Substitution drill. (yil))

h5g miam phuu chaay yuu thaag saay.

h51) nilam phuu yil) yuu thaal) saay. (khwla) h51) naam phuu yil) yuu thaal) khwla.

(chaay)

h51J naam phuu chaay yuu thaag khwla.

r.

The men's room is to the left. (ladies') The ladies' room is to the left.

(right) (men's)

The ladies' room is to the right.

(saay) The men's room is to the right.

(left)

Response drill.

h51) miam phuu yil) yuu thaal) saay.

Where's the men's room 1 (right) The men's room is to the right. Where's the ladies' room? (left.) The ladies' room is to the left.

h5g naam yuu thii nly. (chaay- saay) h51) naam phQu chaay yuu thaal) saay. (yfl)- khwia) h51J naam phuu yll) yuu thaal) khwla.

Where are the bathrooms? (men's-left) The men's room is to the left. (ladies'- right) The ladies' room is to the right.

h5g naam yuu thii niy. (YIIJ- saay. chaay- khwla) h51) naam phuu yig yuu thaal) saay. h5g naam phOu chaay yuu thaag khwla.

Where are the bathrooms? (ladies' -left, men's- right) The ladies' room is to the left. The men's room is to the right.

h5g nbm yilu thii nly.

Where are the bathrooms? (men's -left, ladies'- right) The men's room is to the left. The ladies' room is to the right.

h51J naam phuu chaay yuu thii nly. (khwaa) h51J miam phuu chaay yuu thaal) khwla. h51J naam phftu yfl) yuu thii niy. (saay)

(chaay- saay, ylg- khwla)

h5g naam phOu chaay yilu thaag slay. h5g naam phOu yll) yuu thaag khwla.

1S

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76

7.8 Numbers. sii sii sii sii sii sii sii sii sii sii

sip sip sip sip sip sip sip sip sip sip

bal\t

?et baat s5::>1J baat siiam baat sii baat haa baat hok baat cet baat pht baat kaaw baat

40 41 42 43

haa haa haa hiia haa haa haa hiia haa haa

44

45 46 47 48 49

sip sip sip sip sip sip sip sip sip sip

baat ?et baat s~::>IJ baat siam bilat sii baat haa baat hok baat cet baat pht baat kiaw baat

so

hok sip baat hok sip ?et bilat hok sip s~~IJ baat hok sip slam baat hOk sip sii baat hok sip baa baat hok sip hok baat hok sip cet baat hok sip pht baat hOk sip kaaw bilat

51 52 53

54

55 56 57 58 59

60

61 62 63 64

65 66 67 68 69

Practice reading the following amounts of money. Try to get the time under 45 seconds. Be especially careful with the tones.

62 baat 59 baat 47 baat 39 baat

53 69 41 45

baat baat baat baat

61 40 68 55

63 baat 42 baat 51 baat

baat baat baat baat

49 baat

52 2s 54 65

baat baat baat baat

44 baat 18 baat s1 baat 60 baat

48 bilat 66 baat

ss

baat

56 baat

7.9 Conversation. a. Comparing father and son. (The father is bigger, taller, and fatter.) lOuk lek kwaa ph&! khnip. ph~ Up lfiuk, khray lek kwaa kan khil. yay kwaa Hiuk khrap. ph5:> kba. kan kwaa liew khray yay ph5:> siiug kwaa h1uk khrap. lfiuk kap ph5:>, khray siiug kwaa kan kba. luuk tia kwaa ph5:> khrap. J!ew khray tia kwaa kan kha. IOuk phY.lm kwaa phS:-l khn\p. ph~ kap ICIUk, khray ph5:>m kwaa kan kha. ph&! ?Uan kwaa liiuk khrap. leew khray ?uan kwaa kan kba. ph&! yay kwaa lfiuk khrap. h1uk Up ph5:>, khray yay kwaa kan kba. luuk Iek kwaa ph5:> khrap. leew khray lek kwaa kan kha. ph5:> kap h1uk, khray tia kwaa kan kha. ltew khray siiug kwaa kan kha.

luuk tia kwaa ph&! khrap. ph5:> suuiJ kwaa IQuk khrap.

h1uk kap ph5::>, khray ?Oan kwaa kan kha. IIEw khray ph~:'lm kwaa kan kha.

ph5:> ?Oan kwaa IO.uk khrap. luuk ph~Jm kwaa ph5J khnip.

b.

Questioning information.

(nian ?aahaan sawat yuu thii siiyhk.

na khli.)

nian ?aahaan sawat yuu thii nay kha. ?aray yuu thii siiyeek kba. (khun yal) ?flan maak.

yuu thii siiyaek khrap. raan 1aahian sawat khrap.

na kha.) khun yag khrap. ?uan khnip. maak khrap.

khray ?Oan kha. J.hun yal) 7fian ni ph'5:>m kha. ?Oan maak may kh:i. (khun sawi\t ruucak khun yal).

na kha.) khun sawat khrap. khun yal) khrap.

khray ruucak khun yal) kha. khun sawat ruucak khray kha. (More.)

77

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78

(khun yal) liaw khwaa thii siiy!'ek.

na khll.)

khray liaw kha. Iiaw tbaal) nly kha. Haw thii nay kha. (luuk siiul) kwaa ph5;,.

khun yal) khrap. Iiaw khwia khrap. thii siiyiek khrap.

na kha.) hluk suug kwaa khrap. siiulJ kwaa ph&, khrap.

khray siiWJ kwaa kha. siiulJ kwaa khray kha.

7.10 Writing. Cl.'

UelU

flU kan Each other.

~n

To lie down.

Cl.'

flU

*kan

nu

kon

Gjj'\.1,

kh~n

Q,l

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khan

Q,l

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khan

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80

LESSON 8 8.1

Vocabulary and expansions.

ph om die han chan J1 llll

As with terms used for the second person, there are many different terms with which a person can refer to himself. The choice of term depends on the social relationship between the lirst and second person, the situatio:l, the sex of the speaker, and many other things. In addition to several different pronouns, names and relationship terms can be used as well. The student is advised to use at least two different tern.:. right from the start to get in the habit of having to make a choice. Men should use cluin when speaking to children and obv1ous inferiors (like one's servants) and ph6m with everyone else. Women should use die han with obvious -;uperiors (like high officials and parents of friends) and chan with everyone else. Omit the pronoun, however. whenever possible. It might be added here that being forced by Thai pronoum to constantly keep social status in mind is not undemocratic, any more than English is immoral by constantly forcing the attention to sex (he, she). And calling your servant kh1111 sounds just as foolish as referring to your mother as he.

khaw cay khawcay

To understand.

thii ?iik 7iik thii

A time. Another. one more, more. Again.

phiiut phiiut ?iik thii

To speak. To say again.

day

Can, to be able.

bon kha!J bon laaiJ khalJ liia lJ

On, the upper part of. Upstairs, on top of. Lower. Downstairs. underneath.

IEEW

pay leEw

maa maa l{nv

khilwcay IEEW (More.)

When used at the end of a clause, /{ew sometimes corresponds to the English 'already', sometimes to the perfect tense, and sometimes to 'now·. It marks a passing of time. The past, present, or imminent passing of the tim~! of an action is relevant to the situation because of the change it brings about. He h.as gone. The time of his leaving has rassed. resulting in his not being here now. Here we are. The time of our arriving is here, resulting in our finally being here. To come. Here it comes now. We have been waiting for a bus and just now I catch sight of it in the distance. This is the most important change point in the waiting situation. The acutal arrival. though still in the future, is now a matter of course. Now I see. I didn't get it before. but your repetition (or explanation) has cleared it up for me.

81

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96

9.5

a.

Tone manipulation. Substitution drill.

may. SWI:I plaa may. Sttl:l kay may. sw1:1 kfll) may. Stttl muu may. Stttl n~a

(plaa) (kay) (kfll)) (muu) ( n tia)

b.

Substitution drill.

hen hen hen hen hen

mia may. plaa may. kay may. kul) may. muu may.

c.

Substitution drill.

(plaa) (kay) (kulJ) (muu) (ntia)

Do Do Do Do Do

you you you you you

want want want want want

Do Do Do Do Do

you you you you you

see see see see see

to to to to to

the the the the the

buy some beef? (fish) buy some fish? (chicken) buy some chicken? (shrimps) buy some shrimps? (pork) buy some pork? (beef)

beef? (fish) fish? (chicken) chicken? (shrimps) shrimps? (pork) pork? (beef)

may Stttt.

Ststl ntta.

(hen)

No, 1 don't want to buy any. 1 want to buy some beef. (see)

may hen.

hen mia.

(muu)

No, I don't see any. I see some beef. (pork)

may hen.

hen

ffiUU.

(Sttl:l)

No, I don't see any. I see some pork. (buy)

may

Stlll.

Stttt muu.

(ntta)

No, I don't want to buy any. I want to buy some pork. (beef)

9.6

Vowel and consonant drills.

a.

aa-a-aa contrast drill.

t. (phak) kaat

Lettuce.

kaat kat kaat kat kaat k~at

b.

kat

k~at

kat

Response drill.

k~at

2.

kilt

To bite.

kat kaat kat kaat kat

kat

k~at

kat

k~at

kat

(p. ph, and b).

khray paw pii. piia paw pii. piia paw pii khray. paa paw pii puu.

Who played the horn? Papa played the horn. Whose horn did Papa play? Papa played Grandpa's horn.

khray ph6p phaa. phii phop phaa. phii ph6p phaa khray. phii phop phaa phS:>.

Who saw the cloth? Older One saw the cloth. Whose cloth did Older One see? Older One saw Father's cloth.

khray blip baa. bSm biip baa. bam blip baa khray. bSm blip baa bim.

Who squeezed the shoulder? Berm squeezed the shoulder . Whose shoulder did Berm squeeze? Berm squeezed Dim's shoulder.

97

To be born.

..,,

~

s.ri

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c!

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....

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If/

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98

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"

9.7 Grammar driJls. a.

Response drill.

h5q miam yitu khaq bon, chay may. chay. yuu khalJ bon.

The bathroom is upstairs, isn't it? Yes. It's upstairs.

raan 1aahaan nik yuu thii noon, chfly may. chay. yuu thii noon.

Nick's Restaurant is over there, isn't it? Yes. It's over there.

roOIJrEEm ?eerawan yuu thii siiy[Ek. chay may. chay. yuu thii siiyf'Ek.

The Erawan Hotel is on the corner, isn't it? Yes. It's on the corner.

h51J riaam phuu yil) yuu thaalJ khwiia, chay may. chay. yuu thaalJ khwiia.

The ladies' room is to the right, isn't it? Yes. It's to the right.

h51) ?aahiian yitu khiil) liial), chiy may. chay. yuu khal) laal).

The dining room is downstairs, isn't it? Yes. It's downstairs.

sathaanthuut ?ameerikan yuu thii thanon witthayu ?, chay may. chiiy. yuu thii thanon witthayu ?.

The American Embassy is on Wireless Road, isn't it? Yes. It's on Wireless Road.

b.

Response drill.

h51) naam yuu khiil) laal), chiiy may. may chay. yuu khal) bon.

The bathroom is downstairs, isn't it? No. It's upstairs.

h51J ?aahaan yuu khat) bon, chiiy may. may chay. yuu khil) laaq.

The dining room is upstairs, isn't it? No. It's downstairs.

h51J noon yitu khalJ Jaal), chay may. may chay. yuu khalJ bon.

The bedroom is downstairs isn't it? No. It's upstairs.

witthayu 1 yuu khaiJ bon, chay may. may chay. yuu khal) Jaal).

The radio is upstairs, isn't it? No. It's downstairs.

sathaanthfiut ?al)krit yuu thaal) khwaa, chay may. may chay. yuu thaal) saay.

The British Embassy is to the right, isn't it? No. It's to the left.

khun ya!J ?Oan, chay may. may chay. ph;.,m.

Mr. Young is fat, isn't he? No. He's thin.

khun sawat SUUI), chay may. may chay. tia.

Khun Sawat is tall, isn't he? No. He's short.

99

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Ul'Yl

Glb flU

i ~~ "' ~ ~ lJ9ftlfl11J, 9ftlLUtl iiZ "' d !4 lJLl1Ufll1J, Ll1ULUtl i 1-:t "' o:t .,. lJlJ fl 'j 1J' lJ1 'U tl , I :t\ i I , I "' lJ fffl11J, fi'L'Utl i I :t\ "' :til lJ9ftlfll1J, 9ftll1lJ'II i 1-:t "' o:t lJlJfl'jlJ, lJl1lJ "' i I n kwaa baan khun yal) chay may. may chiiy. baan khun yal) r5:m kwaa raan khun sawat. (More.)

lOS

Most of them

,"

.

lnflll Lthhnu i.JimJ mlHJ~"l1CJ1JCJrhllu1J " i~1'11, l'IJl"Uvu '1tlvhnu1Jlnn1lfl~mu

.

u1.J Ll11J mlnn"'n~'lftl ui thhn uw mn -h arhll " o I!Jtl IIJ t11ll l'lNlU l'l

LlJ L'l!',

l'IJl"l1flUfl~UlU1Jlfl

... .,

. ;. . ;.

1

Yl~ l'l'UfffllUYJ~tlllJltltl

1.Jil1wm"'u

I

9}

I

I

.,

tl. flNfllU, 'Utl

'IJ. 1"lffl{U

. .

ll11Jf'll"'u n. f'lnt ;'~"'nmuu"'-l " 'IJ.

... 91 ., l~flflllJ

"'

.,

q1 'i

' '

~ tl. l'UlYlHlUYl'U 'tf l11Jfll1J 0

l'lllliHlU~'f'ftll'UYlfl

'IJ. iJ1"lffll.,1J,

"

a~nq~

n. nmulJ~tl~nq~t~q~Ll1'Ufll"'u

. ..

n

l

'IJ • f'l N ;' 11"'n t1 'U \H Vi 'U ~ fl 'HlJ f'l iiJ fl.

"''w.,.,

..

LlJl1lflf'llU 'IJ.

..

l~'U~l-l ~

w "'-' LUYil-l 1UU

.,

II

llltJl!IJflfJ

, ~ "' t1-l'f1LLVtlm'\1

.,

I

'f'ffll'Ul'.J~'fl-lflq~a~

Y1H'IJ11fll1J

,., .

.,

'IJ. l\lflfl11J .,

..;."'

0

fl. L'IJ1Yll-3l'U'YI Ll1'Ufl1U 'IJ.

'f'

~lAttllJJ,!lA

'f'

II>

y t'Jl!t rl.ll.L.tUflttll

~ lA t\. Lllll"IJ Ul

p

,.

t\.ll ~1 t't 1~ Ul,

"'

~LIJWflL::&

urmJJIJUl,

LttN!Unt ::l

'r"

~

,c l"ln

ttll~1 t' 'lflt ::l

ftlt't'f-1

rtt11 t't1

"'

GtUrtHQJb~l\ IT' ~

ttr~~, t-tl

G.tU~M::l\ IT'

GtUttlt'L lA::l\

~&rtiJMltlttlJ

a.c.utnm::~ IT' ~

U t L~st, L.ttl tt lJ

p""

0

""

IT'

~

b

0

f.liAtttttlJ

a;ur~::&

""

lMll::tfLt-On.t-~U~HYi abl'•ct

tl.2 Patterns. ca ca ca ca ca

pay I~;,. tham l)aan l~a. liaw l~a. phuut l~a. Stili muu I~;,.

You're going, arc you? Going to work? You mean you're going to turn here? Oh~ you want to say something, do you? You're going to buy some pork?

ca pay rooiJ rian. ca pay h51) m\am. ca pay talaat.

I'm going to school. I'm going to the bathroom. I'm going to the market.

siiyEEk raatprasol). siiyE'Ek phlaancit wol)wian sialadEEIJ wol)wian witthayu?

Rajprasong Intersection. Ploenchit Intersection. Saladaeng Circle. Wittayu Circk.

thanon witthayu 1 thanon phla;,ncit than on raatdamri 1

Wireless Road. Ploenchit Road. Rajdamri Road.

rool) rian fOOl) lEEffi roOIJ l)aan

School. Hotel. (rEem means to spend the night.) Factory.

klay siiy€'ek klay rooiJ rian kliy sathianthuut thii satha.anthuut

Near the intersection. Near the school. Near the Embassy. At the Embassy.

11.3 Dialog. A. ca pay tham l)aan I~;~. B. plaaw. ca pay roolJ rian. rian yuu thii nay. B. ruucilk siiyE'Ek riatpraSOI) may. A. ruucilk. A.

fOOIJ

B.

yuu kliy siiytEk taatprasolJ. kh~:> thoot khrap. phom pay k~:>n na khnip.

A. ch:an khrap.

IEEW phOp kan may.

Going to work? No, l'm going to school. Where is the school? Do you know Rajprasong Intersection? Yes. It's near Rajprasong Intersection. Excuse me. I must be going now. (I leave first.) All right. We'll meet again.

11.4 Tone identification and production. a.

Identify the tones and record the number of repetitions required. To read. To write. To use. To know. Kitchen.

• ?aan *khtan *chay •saap *khrua

........... . .......... .. ........... . ........... . ........... .

Ill

"' C1-lflU

'HUlWlJl!'.l

n~nue1::t'l •

'Hn lU'\Jl rw:: 'l



i

'H 01 U'\1 1tJ 'HlJ'U

.;. Y01e1~

~ll()~tl::l'l II ~Ill ' un~

Ln

"'

1fl'l~() it

91

l-J()-1~()

"

~

'\.!6-1~()()::

"

~

Ill

l'l

~

'We1-l~ULUe1

., ., .&

uuu~n11""r.n11Un"'uartu~n~~, ...

fl.

'll.

,wuri'/hnJ •

(l1lJ) 'U

ill"ll'CJ u,

"lftJUfl-1

(l1lJ)

't161Jl1lJll1lJ

cin)

LJ"b'CJU,

'lfCJUl1lJ

cin)

'lfDUlnll1lJ

(thn)

LJ'lfe1U,

'lHJUln

(tle11)

LJ"b'CJU,

'lfe1UUC11

LJ'lfe1U,

'lf() U L'We)

(1un) v (~~)

"

~

'tfnut1n1ll1lJ

(Lun)

't16UL~e1 ll1lJ

(~-1)

91

112

91



"

~

"

~

b.

Response drill.

khray kin. lug kin. lui) kin 'laray. lui) kin plaa.

Who ate? Uncle ate. What did Uncle eat 1 Uncle ate fish.

khray sal). pilu sal). pilu sag 'laray. piau sal) kay.

Who ordered ? Grandpa ordered. What did Grandpa order? Grandpa ordered chicken.

khray stitt. n:l:>g stnt. n:l:>l) stitt ?a ray. n:bg sint n tia.

Who bought? Younger One bought. What did Younger One buy? Younger One bought beef.

khray khaay. laan khaay. lian khllay ?aray. h'ian khiiay muu.

Who sold? Nephew sold. What did Nephew sell? Nephew sold pork.

khray th&,t. phii th&,t. phii th5:>t ?aray. phii th5:>t kiil).

Who fried? Older One fried. What did Older One fry? Older One fried shrimps.

11.5 Tone manipulation. a.

Substitution drill.

ch5:>p kug may. ch5:>p muu may. ch5:>p kay may. ch5~p plaa may. ch~p mia may. b.

Do Du Do Do Do

(muu) (kay) (plaa) (ntla)

(kiil))

you you you you you

like like like like like

shrimps 7 pork? chicken 7 fish? beef?

(pork) (chicken) (fish) (beef) (shrimps)

Substitution drill.

may ch5;:,p.

ch5:>p kuiJ.

(muu)

I don't like it.

I like shrimps. (pork)

may chS:>p.

ch5;:,p muu.

(kay)

I don't like it.

I like pork.

may ch5:>p.

ch5:>p kay.

(plaa)

I don't like it.

I lii'e chicken.

may ch5:>p.

ch5:>p plaa.

(ntia)

I don't like it.

I like fish.

miy c~.

ch&,p nua.

(kul))

I don't like it.

I like beef.

113

(chicken) (fish)

(beef) (shrimps)

.... cin)

in in

(~)

~~~~'

,. (qfn)

1J lf1

(qf'fl)

(Ll1U)

~ qfnLU'V

(1l1U)

(l11J)

Ll1ULUn

"'

d

" ('ltnu)

3l

tt

'lf'VULUn

cin)

L't'H'\.!'0 "'"'

,.(qfn)

d

('ltnu)

cin)

(thn)

,.

inthn

(~)

~ucn

(qf'fl)

~nun1

(Ll1U

(Ll1U)

LMUUi\1

( 'ltnu)

('ltnu)

'lfnutJn1

(~)

cin) d

citt)

fl.

.

:It

~ ll lJL'I.W

d

n1u

,. (tun) (~)

., "' ., ., ., nu mu nu n1u nu Lnu nu n1u ~

114

d

c. Subsdtudon drill. (Try for maximum speed without sacrificing tonal accuracy.) kutJ. say kui). mii kOIJ. s'l!tt ktllJ. Mn kug. h~n muu. ch5:>p miiu. say miiu. mii miiu. Slltl muu. Stttl kay. Mn ·u.y. ch5:>p kay. say kay. mii kay. mii nva. sit¥ nlia. hh mia. ch~p mia. say nlla. say plaa. mii plaa. still plaa. h~n plaa. ch~p plaa.

ch~p

(say) (mii) (slits)

I like shrimps. (put) Put in some shrimps. (have) We have shrimps. (buy) I want to buy shrimps. (see) I see shrimps. (pork) I see pork. (like) I like pork. (put) Put in some pork. (have) We have pork. (buy) I want to buy pork. (chicken) I want to buy chicken. (see) I see chicken. (like) I like chicken. (put) Put in some chicken. (have) We have chicken. (beef) We have beef. (buy) I want to buy beef. (see) I see beef. (like) I like beef. (put) Put in some beef. (fish) Put in some fish. (have) We have fish. (buy) I want to buy fish. (see) I see fish. (like) I like fish.

(h~n)

(muu) (ch~p)

(say) (mii) (Stttl) (kay) (h~n)

(ch5:>p} (say) (mii) (nlia) (slits) (h~n)

(ch5:>p) (say) (plaa) (mii) (Slll!l) (h~n)

(ch~p)

11.6 Vowel and consonant drills. a.

aa-a-aa alternadon drill. kan

k~~n

kaan kan b.

Respoose drill.

kan k~~n

k~~n

kan

kan kaan kan

k~~n

kan

k~n

kan kaan

k~n

kan

k~~n

(t, th, and d).

khray t:Jy taa. tim t:)y taa. tim t:Jy taa khray. tim t:)y taa t5y.

Who punched someone in the eye '1 Tim punched someone in the eye. Who did Tim punch in the eye '1 Tim punched Toy in the eye.

khray thfg thug. th~m thfiJ thUg. th:>:>m thfg thUg khray. th~m thftJ thiitJ thl!m.

Who threw away the s~U:k 1 Tom threw away the ~ack 1 Whose sack did Tom throw away 1 Tom threw away Taem's sack.

khray dttg diay. dug da!J diay. dniJ dlHJ dAay khray. dul) d&IJ diay dam.

Who pulled the thread 1 Daeng pulled the thread. Whose thread did Daeng pull 1 Daeng pulled Dum's thread.

llS

9lt

at.tptrtUjlt~l\ 'L?jl1 (au.t) ~

ftlt'L!'jl~ ~l\ 'L~jl1 0

1\

,

~

Gtlt.Yl\M .Um ... UM.1M.M ... . ._ ~a ~t-.Ll~tf1JitltUfl11¥f1L ~l\ 'Lpf1t ( ?~t'.Ll~tr,.tJI.UUflllJJ.) ,.

(tUHLt) Q~lUtH~Yflt~l\

Q~Ut-~t1UH.YM.fl~1t'lfl~~l\

r;tbU~Glt1UttLUJ.!j1L~l\ 'L~jlt ( r;tUUt-Q) Q.tUttU.t ~ "' ...rttGlt1LtMLUJ,!nt ,.Lt ~l\

Mfl~tt'tlf1L~l\ 'Lpf11

.

(nn~tt-tl) a;_unLH!,'fl~~l\

·y

Q.tULMt-QUm ~l\

.tlULGt-G,.Hjlt~l\ 'Lpf1t

(~LUY)

( t-~11 U!L.Yf1flt1 t't)

a;u~LUYjlt~l\

t-~ttUH.YMfl~tt-tflL~l\ 'tpf1t

(M.lt'l!,')

(rtn~tt-.tl)

""

~

i

(.tLHLQt-GH)

"

·-~~~

(lrtt-GU)

" tt,.u:rttGYLtMLUJ.!flL~l\ 'tprn

i

1\

"

a~"Rbut-,..Glt1LtttLUllf1L~l\

1\

·u

....

G;urtLH!'f1L~'

Mfl~tt-tlflt~l\ 'Lpjlt

(rtn~tHL)

( Mlt-li.A.) 0

G~Httfl~1t'tlf1L~'

Mlt-L!'flt~l\ 'L~jlt

( f\UUt',..Glt1iA.rtLUJJ.)

( MUtrttGlt1UMLU.Ll)

"' ...

~tULRlLl4,..KU~nnn ~·••

11.7 Grammar drills. a. SubstitutiCon drill. ca pay tham gaan (root) rian)

Going to work? (school)

~~~.

Going to school? (British Embassy)

ca pay roog rian 1~:~. (sathaanthuut 7agkrit) ca pay sathaanthuut ?atJkrit (h5g naam) ca pay h5g naam (talaat) ca pay talaat (tham gaan)

1~:~.

15:~.

Going to the British Embassy? (bathroom) Going to the bathroom? (market) Going to the market? (work)

1~.

b. Substitution drill. plaaw. ca pay rooiJ rian. (tham l)aan)

No. I'm going to school. (work)

pllaw. ca pay tham IJ&an. (sathlanthl1ut ?ameerikan)

No. I'm going to work. (American Embassy)

plaaw. ca pay sath!anthQut ?ameerikan. (h5g ?aahian)

No. I'm going to the American Embassy. (dining room)

plaaw. ca pay h51) ?aahlan. (wogwian s!aladug)

No. .I'm going to the dining room. (Saladaeng Circle.)

plaaw. ca pay wogwian s!aladug. (rooJ) rian)

No. I'm going to Saladaeng Circle. (school)

c. Response drill. ca pay tham gaan

1~:~.

Going to work?

(rool) rian) plaaw. ca pay roolJ rian.

(school) No. I'm going to school.

ca pay wol)wian s!aladug 1~:~. (siiyi"ek raatpras6g) pllaw. ca pay siiy!ek raatpras61).

Going to Saladaeng circle? (Rajprasong Intersection,) No. l"m going to Rajprasong Intersection.

ca pay than6n phl~:~ncit 1~:~. (witthayu 7) plaaw. ca pay than6n witthayu 7.

Going to Ploenchit Road? (Wireless) No. I'm going to Wireless Road.

ca pay sathaanthaut 'lameerikan 15~. (?·.lgkrit) plaaw. ca pay sathaanthuut 'lal}krit.

Going to the American Embassy? (British) No. I'm going to the British Embassy.

ca pay tat ph6m 15~. (tham l)aan) plaaw. ca pay tham IJ&an.

Going to get a haircut? (work) No. I'm going to work.

117

"

"" ,~, 11Uil1't11l'UfHH.IYI l1U ~ "" ~) (1~L1t Jtnnr.

"

• ,., " ";tfl1~ L1tJU1'YI fJ Ll1lJ ,.,"' ~

l'fl

,

~

.

""'"' """ """

,1U61't111UflilfJ Lfl~n~L1fJU1'YifJ ~

••• c:J "',

leoocl

t)C>cicl

'>~""0

otJclo

SlDOO

oclcio

lecioo

o1).

401/2.

12.4 Toae idendficadon and production. L

Identify the tones and record the number of repetitions required. Morning (especially early morning). t:>:>n *chaaw Late morning.

t~n

•saay

Noon.

t~n

*thial)

Afternoon.

t:>::m *baay

Late afternoon or evening.

t::l::ln *yen

b. Respoase driU. lui) kin ?aray. lu1J kin plaa. lu1J kin plaa 7aray. lui) kin plaa thuu.

What did Uncle eat? Uncle ate fish. What kind of fish did Uncle eat? Uncle ate mackerel.

puu saiJ 'laray. puu sag kay. puu sal) kay 'laray. puu sag kay 'lop.

What did Grandpa order? Grandpa ordered chicken. What kind of chicken did Grandpa order? Grandpa ordered roast chicken.

sli11 'laray. sliH mla. n6:>1J sit'tl nt!a 7aray. n:l:>IJ sit'tl mia phl'l.

What did Younger One buy? Young One bought meat. What kind of meat did Younger One buy? Younger One bought goat meat.

laan khaay 7aray. laan khaay muu. laan khaay muu ?aray. laan khiiay muu wiian.

What did Nephew sell? Nephew sold pork. What kind of pork did Nephew sell? Nephew sold sweet pork.

phii th~t ?aray. phii th5:>t kuq. phii th5:>t kuiJ ?aray. phii th&>t kuiJ htaiJ.

What did Older One fry? Older One fried shrimps. What kind of shrimps did Older One fry? Older One fried dried shrimps.

n~:>IJ

n~"IJ

127

fl. .tl

I

I

,

I

tl11V 1"Vfl 1ll1JJ, ,

n, l1JJfHlJJfl11 ,

,,,l1JJ

,,;,11JJ

,,,,_

1lli~, 'J)

I

'UD·Hf~fl11W,

1,f111JJ

,~,11JJ

'J)

,,..,,;, I

c1rl)

I

(~)

~

'JI I .l.d Yflllflf11l'UD.:J,

"'l

I

11JJD1tm11 ,

(l1JJ) tl1lfJ1'(~fl11 , ,

,

I

,,;,~,

"

'JI

I

ll

'UD~lflVfl11

Yf 11t\Jfl11 ('UD~)

"Lfl'111t\Jfl1111,

,,,11)J

I

I

.,.

,,j,~ ,



..,

I

fll1tflfl11 (11)

••.b uuu~flli'Rnuaamau.nr'J:ua:vui'll"'u: fl.

f111

Ufl1

f111

a11

u-n1

1a1

+

Llfl1

ua1

fll1

an

ua1

..,

mnttHll'U Ut1i1Jtl'ULfl1 +

..,

"'\

Ut1t1Jtl'Uttl

•'-'·~ UUU~flHil 11rJ1fl1~

128

un1

nn

1a1

ua1

un1 a11

nn

un1

12.5 Tone manipulation. a. Response drill. (Drill first without the parenthesized parts.) khwaay tia kwaa muu, chay may. may chiiy. khwaay suul) kwaa (muu).

The buffalo i1J suulJ kwaa phii, chay may. may chay. n5::>1J tia kwaa (phii).

Y oungcr One is taller than Older One, isn't she? No. Younger One is shorter (than Older One).

12.6 Vowel and consonant drills. a. aaw-EEw-eew alternation drill. kaaw keew kaaw keew kaaw laaw

leew

leew leew b. Response drill. (c and ch).

laaw

keew kaaw keew kaaw kEew leew leew leew laaw

khray cap caan. d'w cap caan. dw cap caan k hray. cE'w dtp caan cim.

Who grabbed the Jaeo grabbed Whose plate did Jaeo grabbed

khray chet ch5:>r1. (.hot chet ch5:ln. chot chet ch5:m khray. chot chet ch5:m chom.

Who wiped the spoon? Chot wiped the spoon. Whose spoon did Chot wipe? Chot wiped Chom's spoon.

plate? the plate. Jaeo grab? Jim's plate.

12.7 Grammar drills. a. Substitution drill. baan leek thii sii suun nitiJ. (kaaw suun pht)

House;, number 401. (908)

baan leek thii kaaw suun pht. (haa sii saam)

(543)

baan leek thii haa sii saam. (kaaw haa kaaw)

(959)

baan leek thii kaaw baa kiiaw. (sii suun nisi))

(401).

House number 908. House number 543. House number 959.

129

~-

"U.

fl ru ~

L~ 1~u r1 ~tl'W'Ul'YitJ,

I, I I ~

~

l,fi'H)J

""' "" (m(lll11~)

i )J

'lr,

.J.

~

.J. I~ 'JI flWUlJ'ltl~Ylctfutfl11, i/

~

I

II)

""'

,

Ill)

'lt L'HlJ

( t'fllJ)

I

i lJ L'lr,

1Jl'Unl'\JY1LY11 Ll1~ ( oob)

IG! I

" " d 1Jl 'U 1(1'\J Y1J, Lfllfl'WfJl1fl

I

.J.

L'Ulvtll'lctfutrt'fllJ ~

~

'J/ .J. I II) I 1Jl'ULn'llYJLY11 Ll1'l (&:sa:)

""

" 'U L(l'lJYJl11 -\ " Lflll11 1Jl

I

fl.

I,

.J. -q , fl tlHHl 'W u~ Y1 fl 'W ll1l'l Q, 'U l1lJ

(ttrvfJ'Hfl) I J. • .J. "' Ill) fJWilut.lvQYlctfufJff, L'lf L'HlJ

I

.J. ·"

l'lllufJYJtlll'WLl"f(l'Wil~

I .J. L'llluti'VlctfvtJ'Hfl

"'

b. Response drill. baan leek thii thawray. (794) baan leek thii cet kaaw sii. baan leek thii thawray. (813) baan leek thii pht ntuJ saam. baan leek thii thawray. (906) baan leek thii kaaw suun hOk. biian leek thii thawray. (595) baan leek thii haa kaaw haa.

What's the house number? (794) The house number is 794. What's the house number? (813) The house number is 813. What's the house number? (906) The house number is 906. What's the house number? (595) The house number is 595.

c. Substitution drill. khun c:>:>n yuu thii thanon witthayu ?, chay may. (sJ:>y hok) khun CJJn yuu thii S:>Jy hok, chay may. (thanon sukhumwit) khun c:>:>n yuu thii thanon si1khumwit. chay may. (khun ceen) khun ceen yuu thii thanon sukhumwit. chay may. (thanon raatdamri ?) khun ceen yuu thii thanon raatdamri ?, chay may. (sJ:,y hila) khun ceen yuu thii s:,Jy haa, chay may. (thanon phlaancit) khun ceen yuu thii thanon phlaancit, chay may.

John Jives on Wireless Road, doesn't he? (Soi 6) John lives on Soi 6, doesn't he? (Sukhumvit Road) John lives on Sukhumvit Road, doesn't he? (Jane) Jane lives on Sukhumvit Road, doesn't she? (Rajdamri Road) Jane lives on Rajdamri Road, doesn't she? (Soi 5) Jane lives on Soi 5, doesn't she? (Pioenchit Road) Jane lives on Ploenchit Road, doesn't she?

d. Response drill. khun deewit yuu thii thanon witthayu 7, chay may. (phlaancit) may chay. khaw yuu thii thanon phlaancit.

David lives on Wireless Road. doesn't he? (Pioenchit) No. He lives on Ploenchit Road.

khun meerii yuu thii s:>:>y haa. chiiy may. (saam) may chay. khaw yuu thii s:>:>y siiam.

Mary lives on Soi 5, doesn't she? (3) No. She lives on Soi 3.

khun meerii yuu thii thanon phlaancit, chiiy may. (sukhumwit) may chay. khaw yuu thii thanon sukhumwit.

Mary lives on Ploenchit Road, doesn't she? (Sukhumvit) No. She lives on Sukhumvit Road.

khun deewit yuu thii thanon raatdamri ?. chay may. (witthayu7) may chay. khaw yuu thii thanon witthayu ?.

David lives on Rajdamri Road, doesn't he? (Wireless) No. He lives on Wireless Road.

khun c:>:>n yuu thii s:>:>y sii, chay may. (hok) may chay. khaw yuu thii SJ:>y hok.

John lives on Soi 4, doesn't he? (6) No. He lives on Soi 6. You live on Sukhumvit Road, don't you? (Rajdamri) No. I live on Rajdamri Road.

khun yuu thii thanon sukhumwit. chay may. (raatdamrl?) may chay. chAn yuu thii thanon raatdamri 7.

131

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132

12.8 Numbers. 100

101 102 201 209 311

r!xly r:S:>y d:>y s5:>t)

baat ka nilt) baat so:>fJ baat r:l:>y ka ni:tl) baat s~IJ r:l:>y kaaw baat saam r!xly sip ?et baat

645 756 867 978 534 423

hok r5.:>y sii sip haa baat d:t r:l.:>y haa sip hok baat pht d:>y hok s)p cet baat kaaw r5:>y cet sip pht baat haa r5.:>y saam sip sii baat sii r5:Jy yii sip saam bitat

Practice reading the following amounts of money.

Try to get the time under 40

seconds. 80 baat 580 baat

2 baat

92 baat

192 baat

222 baat

1 baat 41 baat

9

59

941 baat 6

759

baat

baat baat baat

8 baat

76 baat 376 baat 384 baat

608

baat

417 baat

5 baat

65 baat 165 baat

1 baat 21 baat 321 baat 901

baat

12.9 Conversation.

a. Compare members of the class as to height, weight, and size in the manner shown below. dicban SUUIJ kwaa khun ~n. cbay may kha.

may cbay kbrap. khun tia kwaa khaw.

khun ~n ?uan kwaa khun ceen, chiy may kha.

chay khrap.

khun lek kwaa dichan, chay may kha.

may chiy khrap. ph

i'> I

LUIT1Gtl.-lrtL11LirtOtl I, .

ty.

16 "t> •

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15

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13.4

a.

Tone identification and production.

identify th.: tone~ Monday. Wednesday. Friday. Saturday. Mother's Day.

and record the number of repewiom required. .......... . wan *can wan *phut wan *suk wan *saw wan *mEE

b. Response drill. lui) kin ?aray. 1UIJ kin plaa. lui) kin plaa 1aray. lui) kin plaa thuu. lUI) kin pfaa thuu thii nay. lui) kin plaa thuu thii khrua.

What did Uncle eat? L' ncle ate fish. What kind of fish did Uncle eat? Uncle ate mackerel. Where did Uncle eat mackerel'! Uncle ate mackerel in the kitchen.

puu sal) 1aray. puu sal) kay. puu sal) kay ?aray. puu salJ kay ?op. puu Sal) kay ?op thii nay. puu sal) kay ?op thii talaat.

What did Grandpa order? Grandpa ordered chicken. What kind of chicken did Grandpa order? Grandpa ordered roast chicken. Where did Grandpa order roast chicken? Grandpa ordered roast chicken at the market.

n:'>:lt) sli~ ?a ray. n:'>:ll) sli~ nlia. n:'>:ll) sY~ m1a ?a ray. n:'>:ll) stht ntia ph{?. n:'>:ll) stitt ntia phe? thii nay. n5:ll) sint mia phe 7 thii raan.

What did Younger One buy? Younger One bought meat. What kind of meat did Younger One buy? Younger One bought goat meat. Where did Younger One buy goat meat? Younger One bought goat meat at the &hop.

Iii an khaay ?a ray. liian khiiay muu. liian khaay muu ?aray. laan khaay muu waan. laan khaay muu waan thii nay. laan khaay muu wiian thii thanon.

What did Nephew sell? Nephew sold pork. What kind of pork did Nephew sell? Nephew sold sweet pork. Where did Nephew sell sweet pork? Nephew sold sweet pork on the street.

phii th5:lt ?a ray. phii th5:lt kfil). phii th5:Jt kulJ ?aray. phii th5:lt kul) hEEl). phii th5:Jt kUI) hEEl) thii nay. phii th:ht klil) hEEIJ thii baan.

What did Older One fry? Older One fried shrimps. What kind of shrimps did Older One fry? Older One fried dried shrimps. Where did Older One fry dried shrimps'? Older One fried dried shrimps at horne.

13.5 Tone manipulation.

a.

Substitution drill.

rian thii baan ni plaaw. ( ?aan) ?aan thii baan n1 plaaw. (khian) khian thii baan n1 plaaw. (chay) chay thii b:\an ni plaaw. (phuut) phC\ut thii baan ni plaaw. (rian)

Did Did Did Did Did 141

you you you you you

study at home? (read) read it at home? (write) write it at home? (use) use it at horne? (speak) speak at home? (study)

.... ~~~

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d

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142

.;,1

q

'()1\.!Yl 'l'-.3L'l'UU

b.

Substitution drill.

may day rian. (?aan)

No I didn't. (read)

rian thii fOOf)rtan.

I studied at

~chool.

may day ?aan. (khian)

'laan thii fOOI)rian.

No I didn't. (write)

read it at school.

may day khian. (chay)

khian thii TOOI)rian.

No I didn't. (use)

wrote iI at sben

(~n~)

(k,) kl®cn (d)

(tnl)

klIJ cet siam s5:>1) n~l) saam

263 (5) 253 (2) 223 (4) 243 (9)

(siiam) (cet)

(nill))

293 (3) 233 (7) 273 (I) 213

phan baat phan ka naq baat phan s;:>IJ Mat phan sip baat siiam phan baa baat sii phan cet my baat hia phan nfll) r~y kiaw sip baat kaaw phan pht rny siam slp S~IJ baat

baht baht baht baht baht baht

Practice reading the following amounts of money. Try to get the time under SO seconds. 1 baat 9 baat 1 baat 11 baat 89 baat 91 baat 317 baat 589 baat 291 baat baat s,317 bltat 4,~89 8,291 baat

4 baat

6 baat

34 baat 634 baat 1,634 baat

56 baat

2,056 baat

10 baat 870 baat 3,870 baat

6,928 baat

9.10~

bilat

7,462 baat

13.9 ConYenatlon.

a. Answer the questions with 'at Khool' instead of 'at home', and vice versa. ?Aan thii baan rli plaaw kha. may day ?aan khrap. ?aan thii roogrian khnip.

khlan thii bi\an ni plaaw kha. may day khlan khnlp. khian thii roogrian khr:ip. phUut thii roogrian nt plaaw khd. may day phOut khrap. phuut thii baan khrap. chay thii rool)rian rti ph\aw khA. may day chay khrap. chay thii baan khrap. rian thli bian r\i plbw kha. mi)' day rian khrap. rian thii roogrian khrap.

147

....

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1

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148

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b.

Use the following infMmation to practice the suggested conversation.

Sawal has gone to work.

His office phone number is 57067.

Mr. Young has gone home.

His home phone number is 910 252.

Prasong has gone to school. The phone number there is 911 459. John has gone to Jane's house.

Her phone number is 50330.

maa h{w k hray k hi1.

khun .................. yuu may khrap.

may yltu khfl.

khaw .................................... IEEW.

lhii ........................... mii thoorasap may khnip. mii kha. b;,;, ?aray.

saap m:ty khnip.

b;,;, ..................... khiL

13.10 Writing.

thttl) To reach.

S:'):>y

Lane, Soi.

G

~

*S:l:lY

suy

flU

thtin

!IU q

thiin

cheem

thin

chum

Lcsn'll

chem

A

SUI)

{Itt, A

SUJ)

YlU

thin

bL1J~

lin

bLUU

A *SUlll)

~u

be em

~

~aJ

lim

A

thlll)

~aJ

phim

sun

chim

san

~

*thiU)

GjfaJ 149

0

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r!

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nnn

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150

LESSON 14 14.1

Vocabulary and expansions.

phasaa phasaa 1a1Jkrit thay ciin phamiia wiatnaam

Language. English language. Thai. Chinese. Bu!'Tllese. Vietnamese.

nit n:'>y nitn:Jy

A little. A little bit.

riak

To call. A quotation signal. Its use is similar to the English that (He told me that ... ), if (He asked me if ... ), or quotation marks (It's called ' .. .', the word '; .. ').

waa

riak waa

riak

waa

?aray

What's it called?

nal) SHH

naiJSlt't:i burii na thawray thawray na chaa cbachiia

n:'>y

t;,:m

chaaw b:m chaaw

siay thialJ bilay yen t:>:m yen

kii kii khon

Book. Cigaret. With questions, this is similar to the shifted stress and rising intonation ust:d in English when a question is repeated. How much? (Said with falling intonation and stress on much.) How much? (Said with rising intonation and stress on how.) Slow (used to express a fact). Slow (used to express one's feelings or judgement: slow down). This kind ot reduplication will be clarified further in Book 2. Using this word with imperatives has much the same effect as using please in English: it softens the order and thus makes it more polite. With n'Jy the softening is accomplished by minimizing the request. It is more polite to ask for a little than a lot. A section or period. Morning (especially early morning). In the morning. Late morning. Noon. Afternoon. Cold (of things), cool (of weather). In the evening. This refers to the daylight hours after the sun has gone down far enough to lose its midday force. How many? How many people?

151

....

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nnn1vw

qq

I

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q

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I

I

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I

q

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vh ~ 1u11J vtJ 1~tl1lJ

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n-3nuun1n~ l'l •

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11n 1U'\.1 1ol1lJ n:: 11 "'

Mn 1wu 1ol1lJ... l111 \.l

l

l1Cl lWU 1£J l1lJ... l111 \.l~tl \.l l1\.l i1Cl lWllltl l1lJl111\.l~tl1-Hfl t:J 'U

('\Jltl) I

en~) (~~) 154

14.4 Tunc ici cntifica tion a no p:oouctiua. a.

ldc.!ntify th.:

tone~

and n;cord the number of rcpctitwlls rcqum:d .

..

Hla.::k.

Sll

*dam

............

White.

sii

"'khaaw

············

Red.

Sll

*dt£1)

Green.

Sll

*khiaw

Sky blue.

sii

*faa

Orange.

sii

*stet

Yellow.

sii

*htal)

Purple.

Sll

*mua,J

..

..

············

............. ············ ............

············ ............

b. Response drill. lui) kin ?aray. lui) kin plaa. lui) kin plaa 'laray. lu!J kin plaa thuu. lu!J kin plaa thuu t;,~n niiy. lu!J kin plaa thuu ~~~n yen.

What did Uncle eat'! Uncle ate fish. What kind of fish did Uncle eat'! Uncle ate mackerel. When did Uncle eat mackerel'? Uncle ate mackerel in the evening.

pilu sal) ?aray. pilu sag kay. pilu sag kay ?aray. puu saiJ kay ?op. pilu sag kay ?op t~:ln nay. pilu sag kay ?op b~n baay.

n.S:'IIJ stilt ?aray. n.)~IJ sify ntia. n5:>1J stitt nlia ?aray. nJ~I) Stitt ntia phe 7. OJ~I) SHY mla phe? tJ:>tl nay. n.):)IJ satts nila phe'? t~::>n chciaw.

laan khaay ?aray. laan khaay muu. laan khiiay muu ?aray. laan khiiay muu wiian. liian khiiay miiu waan t:>~n nay. Jiian khaay muu waan t~~n saay.

phii th5::>t ?aray. phii th~t kfil). phii th5::>t kul) ?aray. phii th5~t kuiJ hi€rJphii th5::>t kug hE'EIJ t::>::>n nAy. phii th5~t kuiJ heEIJ t:.'l~n thiaiJ.

14.5 Tone manipulation. a. Substitution drill. tham thii talitat ni plaaw. (khaay) khiiay thii talaat rif plaaw. (saiJ) sill) thii talaat rti plaaw. (phuut) phuut thii talaat rif plaaw. (silt~) slitt thii talaat ni plitaw. {tham)

Did Did Did Did Did 155

you you you you you

get it made at the marker'? (sell) sell it at the market'! (order) order it at the market? (speak) speak at the market'! (!-luy) buy it at the market? (~et made)

fl.

11.

, lJ'1"\'11'11,

0 .J. (;} n1 \'ll1'HH "" tl en ' l'11l'l

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('U1f1)

.

, lJ'i\'I'U1fJ, 91

q

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(ct"'~)

( lJ\'1) ,, "

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91

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,

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ul.J~m1

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91

-n.:,~ VI..;. \Jl n 1\'1 111"" m thn' i~i~rf~, rf~~{n~

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91

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b. Subsdtution drill. may day tham. (khaay)

tbam thii nian. khaay thii uian.

sag

may day phuut. (sint) may day sli~. (tham)

I got it made at the shop.

(sell)

may day khaay. (sal)) may day Slll). (phuut)

No.

thii nian.

phuut thii raan. s'li~

thii ·nian.

No. I sold it at the shop. (order) No. I ordered it at the shop. (speak) No. I spoke at the shop. (buy) No. I bought it at the shop.' (get made)

c. Response drill. tham thii talaat rli plaaw. may day tham. tham thii nian.

Did you get it made at the market? No. 1 got it made at the shop.

sliY thii tahiat rti plaaw. may day Sttli. Sttti tbii raan.

Did you buy it at the market? No. I bought it at the shop.

sag

thii taJaat rti plaaw.

may day

sag. sag

ns

khaay thii talaat may day khaay.

thii raan.

Did you order it at the market'! No. I ordered it at the shop.

plaaw. khiay thii nian.

Did you sell it at the market? No. I sold it at the shop.

ph(lut thii talaat rli plaaw. may day phuut. phOut thii raan.

Did you speak at the market ? No. I spoke at the shop.

14.6 Vowel and coasonaat drills. a.

Response drill. (aaw-uw).

Answer 'eight' to the following two questions asked repeatedly in random order by the teacher. kli kiew.

pht Hew.

kii kaaw.

How many glasses? Eight glasses.

pht kaaw.

How many steps? Eight steps.

Now answer 'nine'. kii kie:w.

kii kaaw.

How many glasses?

kiaw kie:w.

Nine glasses.

kiaw kaaw.

How many steps? Nine steps.

b. Response clrill. (g). salJiian pen ?aray. saguan !Jflag nJJn. Jiew sagiam Ia. pen ?aray. sal)iam k5 l)Ual) n:>on.

What's the matter with Sanguan 1 Sanguan is sleepy. And Sangiam '?

What's wrong with her? Sangiam is sleepy, too.

(kS, as used in the above pattern, means 'also' or 'too'.) 157

(LUMlt\) ... (OltY)

.

(urm.u) ~

(lt\t-GH) i jl (rtt11Hl)

an

(~M)

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..

lUMlt\ltUOt1

...

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16

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(t1l)

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16

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(LrtM)

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14.7 Grammar drills. a. Substitution drill. khun phfiut phasaa ?aJ]krit diiy may. (thay)

Can you speak English? (Thai)

khun phflllt phasaa thay day may. (ciin)

Can you speak Thai? (Chinese)

khun phuut phasiia ciin day may. (phamaa)

Can you speak Chinese? (Burmese)

khun phuut phasaa phamaa -day may. (wiatnaam)

Can you speak Burmese? (Vietnamese)

khun phUut phasaa wiatnaam day may. (khian)

Can you speak Vietnamese? (write)

khun khian rhasaa wiatnaam day may. (ciin)

Can you write Vietnamese? (Chinese)

khun khian phasaa ciin day may. (?aan)

Can you write Chinese? (read)

khun ?aan phasaa ciin day may. (thay)

Can you read Chinese? (Thai)

khun ?aan phasaa thay day may. (khian)

Can you read Thai? (write)

khun khian phasaa thay day may. (7agkrit)

Can you write Thai? (English)

khun khian phasaa ?agkrit day may. (?aan)

Can you write English? (read)

khun 7aan phasaa 7agkrit day may.

Can you read English?

b. Substitution drill. phUut phasaa thay may day. (?aan) ?aan phasaa thay may day. (khlan) khian phasaa thay may day. (ciin) khian phasaa ciin may day. ( ?aan) ?aan phasaa ciin may day. (phuut) phuut phasaa ciin may day. (?al)krit) phuut phasaa ?al)krit may day.

J can't speak Thai l I I I

can't can't can't can't I can't I can't

(read) read Thai. (write) write Thai. (Chinese) write Chinese. (read) read Chinese. (speak) speak Chinese. (English) speak English.

c. Substitution drill. riak waa nagsHtl.

(rOOrJreem)

riak waa rooiJrEE m. (h51J naam) riak waa h51J naam. (siiyEEk) riak waa siiyeek. (khwaay) riak waa khwaay. (naalikaa) riak waa naalikaa.

It's called a book.

(hotel)

It's called a hotel. (bathroom) It's called a bathroom. (intersection) It's called an intersection. (buffalo) It's called a buffalo. It's called a clock.

159

(clock)

~.,f

i

I

~

~

I

., ...

IJ kaaw (sii) haa sli kaaw (haa)

519 (2) 529 (4) 549 (5)

haa baa kaaw (siam) 559 (3) haa saam kiiaw (kaaw) 539 (9) baa kaaw kaaw (nillJ) 599 (I)

14.8 Numbers. Practice reading the following years of the Christian (kh:>:> ~:>) and Buddhist (ph' s;:>) eras. 2325, for example, is to be read s3':J'l phon saam r:f:>y yfi sip hda. Try to iet the time under a minute and a half. (The first column gives the years that the nine kings of the present dynasty ascended to the throne. kh:>:> kh:>:> kh:>:> kh:>:> kh:>o kh:>:> kh:>:>

S~:> 1782 s5:> 1809 s~:> 1824 s~:> 1851 s~:> 1868

S;:> 1910 so:> 1925 kh~:> s~:> 1934 kh:>:> s'5:> 1946

ph:>:> ph:>:> ph:>:> ph:>:> phoo ph:>:> ph:>:> ph:>:> ph:>:>

S~:> 2325 s3:> 2352 s5:> 2367 s5:> 2394

kh:>:> kh:>:> kh:>:> kh:>:> khoo kh:>:> kh:>:> kh:>:> kh:>:>

~o 2411

2453 sO:> 2468 S~:> 2477 SO:> 2489

s~:>

s5:> s& s5:> s3':>

1953 1956 1957 1960

s~o 1962

s5:> 1965 s& 1967 s~:> 1969 s5:> 1971

ph:>:> ph:>:> ph:>:> ph:>:> ph:>o ph:>:> ph:>:> ph:>:> ph:>:>

s5:> 2496 s5o 2499 S~:> 2500 S~:> 2503 s~:> 2505

s5:> 2508 s~ 2510

50:> 25 I2 S~:>

2514

14.9 Conversation.

a. Answer the que3tions with 'at the shop' instead of 'at the market', and vice versa. sin• thii raan ni plilaw kha. sat] thii talaat ns plaaw kha. khaay thii raan rtt plaaw kha. tham thii talaat ril plaaw kha. phuut thii talaat ril plaaw kha. Etc.

may may may may may

161

day day day day day

silt! khrap. Sal) khrap. khaay khrap. tham khrap. phOut khrap.

sIf 1:1 thii tala at. Sal) thii raan. khaay thii talaat. tham thii raan. phOut thii raan.

....

,

,.,

.,

flNl1Jf1 ........................... l1lJfllU 'II

~

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I

I

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u::

,

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'J/

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162

Gt

Gt

b. Use the suggested dialog to ask tht: teacher the Thai names for various things you don't know. khun ruucak ....... ····· ......... may khnip. r{tucak khfL phasaa thay riak ..................... waa ?a ray khnip. riak waa ........................ kha. ?aray na khrap. phuut chachaa

n~y

day may.

riak waa ................................... kha. kh~:)pkhun

khrap.

14.10 Writing.

Q,,

Q.l

11

~'l!J

wua Cow.

suay Pretty.

v

•wua

&Jf1EJ

suay

1A1

hua

'lf'fl EJ

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11 ~

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theem

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saay

tl11J

thuam

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phua

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phuan

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kuan

fl11

khaaw

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pal)

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tkt

pol)

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thEEW

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at

163

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91

fl f\H~1~fl1H'HH'\J 1 Lul11fl• f\AU1 ::t'f~f1VIU1'U ~

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fl nu~1 ~ l;j~ flll:ll v-l n f!l:lfl u ~ flf! ru "'

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th~~-lfl i'lfll1lJ

1Jl,;, L'\ll~~nll:ll ll'lf.l anftru c! th ~~-3fll;j~flll:ll'e"J01-lflfll:l '1J1~ "'fJ 'U

'U

~91

166

kh(\W phllll! phasaa fdl)kTit day k(!l) b'y chay wan phut. khray khian. t5y khian. t5y khian wan nay. t5y khian wan saw. khray phuut. t5y phuut. t5y phuut wan nay. t5y phiiut wan mk 16.5 Tone manipulation. a. Substitution drill. 1aan thii thanon. (slili) sliM thii thanon. (khian) khian thii thanon. (raan) khian thii nian. (rooJJrian) khian thii rool)rian. (slitt) (taJaat) Sttli thii roonrian. sint thii talaat. (phiiut) phuut thii talaat. (baan) phuut thii biian. ( ?aan) 7aan thii baan. (nian) 7aan thii nian. (kin) kin thii raan. (rOOIJrian) kin thii rooJJrian. ( ?aan) 7aan thii rooJJrian. (taHtat) ?aan thii talaat. (khian) khian thii talaat. (baan) khian thii baan. (slit~) sliY thii baan. (raan) sit~ thii raan. (phuut) phuut thii raan. (rOOIJrian) phuut thii roolJrian. (thanon) phtiut thii thanon. (kin) kin thii thanon. (baan) kin thii baan. (talaat) kin thii talaat.

Who studied? Daeng studied. On what day did Daeng study? Daeng studied on Monday. Who read it? Noy Low read it. On what day did Noy Low read it? Noy Low read it on Friday. Who used it? Noy High used it. On what day did Noy High use it? Noy High used it on Wednesday. Who wrote it? Toy Rise wrote it. On what day did Toy Rise write it? Toy Rise wrote it on Saturday. Who spoke? Toy Fall spoke. On what day did Toy Fall speak? Toy Fall spoke on Mother's Day.

l l 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I l I I

173

read it on the street. (buy) bought it on the street. (write} wrote it on the street. (shop) wrote it at the shop. (school) wrote it at school. (buy) bought it at school. (market) bought it at the market. (talk) talked at the market. (home) talked at home. (read) read it at home. (shop) read it at the shop. (eat) ate at the shop. (school) ate at school. (read) read it at school. (market) read it at the market. (write) wrote it at the market. (home) wrote it at home. (buy) bought it at home. (shop) bought it at the shop. (talk) talked at the shop. (school) talked at school. (street) talked on the street. (eat) ate on the street. (home) ate at home. (market) ate at the market.

(rm~,_M) (tit h.) ~

vLI

,..

rtltt ~' rtll~Mttttum lru It ,. ,. " rtltt rtUt

~t

~

rtHL UllfALL~.Ufl~1tl.,t1.

l

(fvtL)

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lru ~~~

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( t' Llf)L M.lt) l 15

(fu~::tu)

J~.t t-t~ututttttmt

( fl JJ. L' tU4. )

rtlt, Jl.l QJJ. t' t1. "t1. t1. t ll11

( (!J,lt1. ~)

(~::t~)

rtlt t ~ l (! JJ. t1. ~ t1.,.t1. t"ll11

(R.L~::tu)

""

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rtf11Lf1f111Urtf1

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16.6 Vowel and consonant drills. a. Substitution drill. Behind the black. (blue) Behind the blue. (black)

liil) dam. (namlJ;~n) lag naml)~n. (dam) b.

Response drill.

(p, ph, and b).

It is a!>sumed here (and in all similar drills that follow) that the student can pronounce the problem sounds correctly. The· purpose is merely to slightly increase the speed of production. Whenever a student cannot pronounce a sound correctly, he should not even attempt the drill containing it. He should go back to the appropriate contrast drills.

puu paw pii paa. paa kj paw pii puu. ph:>:> phop phaa phii. phii k5 phop phaa phS:>. bim blip baa b5m. b~m k5 biip baa bim. paa paw pii puu. puu k5 paw pii paa. phii phOp phaa phS:>. ph5:> k5 phop phaa phii. biip baa bim. bim k5 biip baa

b~m

b~m.

Grandpa played Papa's horn. Papa played Grandpa's horn, too. Father saw Older One's cloth. Older One saw Father's cloth, too. Bim squeezed Berm's shoulder. Berm squeezed Bim's shoulder, too. Papa played Grandpa's horn. Grandpa played Papa's horn, too. Older One saw Father's cloth. Father saw Older One's cloth, too. Berm squeezed Bim's shoulder. Bim squeezed Berm's shoulder, too.

16.7 Grammar drills.

a. Substitution drill. nan riak waa (kradaat) nan riak waa (nagsinl) nan riak waa (pratuu) nan riak wiia ( niia taag) nan riak wiia (fay) nan riak waa

dins3:>, thuuk may. kradaat, thuuk may. nal)sti.~:~,

thuuk may.

pratuu, thuuk may. naataal), thuuk may. fay, thuuk may.

b. Substitution drill. IE£W nan naataaiJ chay may. (nal)sii~) JtEW nan nagsitY chfty may. (dins5:>) (kradaat) Jeew nan dins5:> chay may. )eEW nan kradaat chay may. (burii) (phatlom) )ttw nan burii chay may. leew nan phatlom chiiy may.

Is it correct (paper) Is it correct (book) Is it correct (door) Is it correct (window) Is it correct (light) Is it correct

to call that a pencil? to call that paper? to call that a book? to call that a door? to call that a window? to call that a light?

And that's a window, isn't it? And that's a book, isn't it? And that's a pencil, isn't it? And that's paper, isn't it? And that's a cigaret, isn't it? And that's a fan, isn't it?

175

(book) (pencil) (pap~!r)

(cigaret) (fan)

fl.

eh.~

lft'U

S>o,ooo 1J1VI G!O,OOG)

Slo,oo~

UlVI UH'l

cnc:i,ooo tJ1fl tiC'V,~cnGI

"'

l1lJU1JlVI w -i l1lJUfl1Jl1\H1JlVI 4 11lJU1111Jll'l "' ~ w a'12J \1lJ 1.H1'Vf \.J U 1 fl

"' ,

,

"'

a

w

,, "' d Ull'l lflll1lJ Ul1l~W Ul1l'l tHJ ('fllJ('flJ ltl~U ll'l

1Jll1 \.ml® Ull'l lzlzlGD 1Jll1 lrm,l!!!> I!!!J 1m, Ull'l lz

cY

1Jl'Vl

~OcY

Sl,~o~

Ull'l UlVI

0~0

Ull'l Ull'l

d.,b~o

Ull'l

~ci,b~o

Ull'l

1m lz, 1m Ill t.,

Ull'l

d. Gl,d£: OcY

Ull'l

a:

en

Ull'l Ull'l

5

UlVI

ci~

Ull'l Ull'l

y chay thii raan wan nay. n5:>y chay thii nian wan phut. khray khian. t5y khian. IJy khian thii nay. t~y khian thii sanaam. t3'y khian thii sana am wan nay. t5y khian thii sanaam wan saw. khray phuut. t5y phllut. t3y phuut thii nay. t5y phuut thii baan. t5y phuut thii baan wan nay. t5y phuut thii baan wan met.

Who used it? Noy High used it. Where did Noy High use it? Noy High used it at the shop. On what day did Noy High use it at the shop? Noy High used it at the shop on Wednesday. Who wrote it? Toy Rise wrote it. Where did Toy Rise write it? Toy Rise wrote it in the yard. On what day did Toy Rise write it in the yard? Toy Rise wrote it in the yard on Saturday. Who spoke? Toy Fall spoke. Where did Toy Fall speak? Toy Fall spoke at home. On what day did Toy Fall speak at home? Toy Fall spoke at home on Mother's Day.

187

tl.

lfl'H~~ rf'Ul;j~

lt111~~ n-.nuL~~

.... , ' fll)fJfl tltlfl lfi)J ~

q ' , fi)J\JI 1) tlfl lfl tl tJ

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188

17.5 Tone manipulation. a. Response drill. kay suug kwaa khwaay, chay may. may chay. khwaay suug kwaa kay.

The chicken is taller than the buffalo, isn't it? No. The buffalo is taller than the chicken.

phii lek kwaa nS:>IJ. chay may. may chay. n5:>1J lek kwaa phii.

Older One is smaller than Younger One, isn't he? No. Younger One is smaller than Older One.

wua tia kwaa muu, chay may. may chay. muu tia kwaa wua.

The cow is shorter than the pig, isn't it? No. The pig is shorter than the cow.

n5:>1J yay kwaa phii, chay may. may chay. phii yay kwaa n5:>1J.

Younger One is bigger than Older One, isn't he? No. Older One is bigger than Younger One.

muu pb'5:>m kwaa kay, chay may. may chay. kay ph~:>m kwaa muu.

The pig is thinner than the chicken, isn't it? No. The chicken is thinner than the pig.

17.6 Vowel and consonant drills. a. Response drill. (a-;,;,). Answer 'Pun' to the following two questions asked repeatedly by the teacher. khray pat. phan pat.

Who brushed it off? Pun brushed it off.

khray ~;,t. phan ~;,t.

Who opened it? Pun opened it.

Now answer 'Pioen'. khray pat. phl::~::~n

Who brushed it off? pat.

khray Ji.l;,t.

Ploen brushed it off.

phl::~::~n p~::~t.

Who opened it? Ploen opened it.

b. Response drill. (t, th, and d). t5y

taa tim. tim k5 t~y taa tSy. t~y

Toy punched Tim in the eye. Tim punched Toy in the eye, too.

thE'tm thig thul) th:>:>m. th:>:>m k5 thfl) thug thltm.

Taem threw away Tom's sack. Tom threw away Taem's sack, too.

dam dttg daay dEEIJ. dttl) k5 dt~l) diay dam.

Dum pulled Daeng's thread. Daeng pulled Dum's thread, too.

tim t:>y taa t5y. t5y k5 t:)y taa tim.

Tim punched Toy in the eye. Toy punched Tim in t~e eye, too.

th:>:>m thig thug thltm. thltm k5 thhJ thiil) th:>:>m.

Tom threw away Taem's sack. Taem threw away Tom's sack, too

deeg dttg daay dam. dam k5 dtcg daay de£1).

Daeng pulled Dum's thread. Dum pulled Daeng's thread, too.

189

fl.

...

~

~

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~

l'Ult'llJ LnWl'Ut'l'DlJ 1 ~

~

c~nrtYn) (n1::~1~)

J. (1Jl1l)

l'Ult'llJ LD lfll ::~l~lJl ~ J. L'Ul~lJ Ln11Jl1llJ1

(111)

1'\J1 ri lJ Ln lU l1

(1~~~)

1'lllrilJLnl1~~~ 111

(nll1ll)

. ~ 'hJ '



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J. (t!l1l) (nl:~n~)

(~'U'ND) ... ~

( l1'U~l'fl))

cvr~nlJ)

190

17.7 Grammar drills. a. Substitution drill.

khaw kh:iw khiw khaw khciw kbaw kbaw

lttttm lttttm hntm lttttm lttttm lttttm ltttlm

?aw ?aw ?aw ?aw ?aw ?aw ?aw

nalJsittt maa. (din~:>) dins3:> maa. (kradaat) kradaat maa. (burii) burii maa. (pay) burii pay. (maykhiit) maykhlit pay. (?aahiian) ?aahaan pay.

He He He He He He He

forgot forgot forgot forgot forgot forgot forgot

Do Do Do Do Do Do

you you you you you you

to to to to to to to

bring a book. (pencil) bring a pencil. (paper) bring paper. (cigarets) bring cigarets. (go) take cigarets. (matches) take matches. (food) take food.

b. Substitution drill.

?aw ?aw ?aw ?aw 1aw ?aw e.

maykhiit duay may. {burii) burii diiay may. (kradaat) kradaat dQay may. (din~:>) din~ dQay may. (nagsitt) naiJSitl duay may. (phatlom) phatlom duay may.

want want want want want want

matches, too? (cigarets) cigarets, too? (paper) paper, too? (pencil) a pencil, too? (book) a book, too? (fan) a fan, too?

Substitution drill.

chuay sog kradaat bay chan n;ly. (dinm)

Please pass me some paper. (pencil)

chuay sog dins~ hay chan n;ly. (?aw maa)

Please pass me a pencil. (bring)

chuay ?aw dins5:> maa hay chan n;ly. (nal)siht)

Please bring me a pencil. (book)

chQay ?aw nal)Stttl maa bay chan n;ly. (hb)

Please bring me a book. (look for)

chQay (burii)

baa

Please find a book for me. (cigaret)

nagstltt hay chan n;ly.

Please find me a cigaret. (pass)

chuay haa burii hay chim n;ly. (SOJ)) chtlay sog burii hay chan n;ly. (maykhiit)

Please pass me a cigaret. (matches)

chiiay SOl) maykhiit hay chan n;ly. (?aw maa)

Please pass me the matches. (bring)

chuay 7aw maykhiit maa hay chan (?aw pay hay khciw)

n~y.

Please bring me the matches. (take him)

chQay ?aw maykhiit pay hay khaw (sog)

n~y.

Please take him the matches. (pass)

chUay SOIJ maykhiit hay khllw n~y.

Please pass him the matches. 191

~.

nnn::'11'1ti

m1lnf~rtv 'tu LDlLtJl~ifll

LD1LtJiJ~1""~~ lDltl~ L'l '1tJil1'~1""~~

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auu~l1n luiu tl'U'Ul1l1n lt~iu

ttfDt.l

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t1 'U 'U ~'\J lJ 1 'YI ~

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G)ocnfc£

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auu~l1n luiu ttfDtl l!!DG) t'l'U'U~l1a luiu db d. fen ttftlt.l '&JG'I t'l'U'U~l1" luiu

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192

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d.

Re!iponse drill.

SOIJ ?aray. SOfJ naiJsi'nt. solJ hay khray. soiJ hay sawat. sol) ?a ray hay sawiu. solJ naiJS~H hay khaw.

What did you pass? I passed a book. Who did you pass it to? l passed it to Sawat. What did you pass to Sawat? I passed him a book.

?aw ?aray pay. ?aw nalJsilH pay. ?aw pay hay khray. ?aw pay hay saw:.t. ?aw ?aray pay hay sawi\t. ?aw nalJ~~M pay hay khaw.

What did you take? I took a book. Who did you take it to? I took it to Sawat. What did you take to Sawat? I took him a book.

?aw ?aray· maa. ?aw nags~tt maa. ?aw maa hay khray. ?aw maa hay sawat. ?aw ?aray maa hay sawat. ?aw naiJsi'itt maa hay kMw.

What did you bring? l brought a book. Who did you bring it for? l brought it for Sawat . What did you bring for Sawat? 1 brought a book for him.

hay 1aray. hay nal)sin+. hay khray. hay sawat. hay ?aray sawfu. hay nalJsil~ khaw.

What did you give? 1 gave a book. Who did you give it to? I gave it to Sawat. What did you give to Sawat? I gave him a book.

17.8 Numbers. 427J1 Soi 12, Paholyothin Road. baan leek thii sii S~l) cet thap Dill) S:Y.ly sip SXJI) thanon phahonyoothin. Practice reading the following addresses in Thai. Try to get the time under seconds. 45 Paholyothin Road. Sukhumvit Road. Road. Paholyothin 15, Soi Soi 57, Sukhumvit Road. Road. Paholyothin 15, Soi 103/4 918 Soi 57, Sukhumvit Road. Sukhumvit Road. Paholyothin Road. Soi 64, Sukhumvit Road. Soi 21, Paholyothin Road. 530/2 Soi 64, Sukhumvit Road. 764/3 Soi 21, Paholyothin Road.

17.9 Conversation. a.

Compare members of the class as to height, weight, and size in the manner shown below.

khun ceen suulJ kwila khun c:l:ln, chay may kha.

may chay khrap. khun C:l:ln SUUIJ kwaa khun ceen.

khun yag ph'Y.>m kwaa dichan, chay may kha.

may chay khn'lp. khun phY.ma kwaa khun yag.

phom lek kwaa khun, chay may khrap.

may chiy kha. dicban l~k kwaa kbun. 193

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194

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b.

Use the following items to practice the conversation suggested below. Cigarets, matches, ash tray.

Pencil, paper, book.

chan lttttm 1aw .................. maa. khun mii baal) may kha. mii khnip. 1aw .................. duay may khnip.

may

1aw khiL

mii l!ew.

chuay SOIJ .................. hfty chan n~y.

nii khrap. kh:Xlpkhun maak kha. may pen ray khnip.

17.10 Writing.

A

C\IU

l~

~f.)

ciin Chinese.

fay Fire .

Enough.

oau

*ciin

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*c::>::m

ph~

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con

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fUUIJ

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fal)

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kh~n

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phon

LtiU

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fuu

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h6n

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khoon

,.

cuu

~u

tw OJ

ton

195

Lfl~U

kh6on

khloon

I

.Jn nay. OEEIJ rian thii rootJrian wan can tJ:>n yen.

khray ?aan. n;'ly ?aan. n;)y 7aan thii nity. nSy ?aan thii ta laat.

n;)y ?aan thii talaat wan nay. n:'>y ?aan thii talilat wan suk. nSy ?aan thii talaat wan suk t::>::>n nay. n;)y ?aan thii talaat wan suk t::>::>n baay.

khray chay. n;by chay. nS:>y cha~ thii nay. n5.Jy chay thii dan.

n.);,y chay thii raan wan nay. n:by chay thii dan wan phut. nJ:>y chay thii raan wan phut t::>::>n nay. nJ:>y chay thii nian wan phut t::>:>nchaaw.

khray khian. t~y khian. t~y khian thii nay. t:ly khian thii sanaam.

t3y khian thii saniiam wan nay. t~y khian thii saniiam wan saw. t?ly khian thii sanaam wan saw lJJil nay. t5'y khian thii saniiam wan saw t::>Jn saay.

khray phtiut. t5y phtiut. t5y phuul thii nay. t5y phuut thii baan.

t5y phtiul thii biian wan nay. t5y phtiut thii biian wan mEE. 6y phtiut thii biian wan mE'E t::>::>n nay. t5y phuut thii baan wan m€'E t:>:>n thial). 201

(RU1) I

tot

(Rll!)

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(M.U) .... ( LA.t)

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( G.lb)

rtllt rt awNA. ,..

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(rnn)

(lllll.)

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( M.Ol)

I

l'RIA.lt\ Glft\Oil.1

(ttln thial).

(baay)

Read at noon.

(afternoon)

?aan t:l:ln baay.

(phuut)

Read in the afternoon.

(talk)

Talk in the afternoon.

(evening)

(yen) phuut t:>:Jn baay. t::~:m yen. (faQ) fal) b:ln yen. ( ?ilan) phuut

Talk in the evening. (listen) Listen in the evening. (read)

?aan t:>:ln yen.

(khian)

Read in the evening.

(write)

khian t:l::m yen.

(baay)

Write in the evening.

(afternoon)

khian b:>n baay.

Write in the afternoon.

203

n. o.l

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(11JVI)

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(L'Y'HlU)

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91

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(vrnn)

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204

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(;rJ~)

(tlllJD:; i 'lltUl)

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mnn11:1lti'Uf11~1 l'ltl

(mnn)

l"111)

18.6 Vowel and consonant drills. a. Substitution drill.

(a-~-~.,).

phan phSIJ pat. (pa~t) phan phSIJ pa;,t. (phl~~n) phl~~n phSIJ pa~t. (pat) phl~~n phSl) pat. (phan)

Pun just now brushed it off. (open) Pun just now opened it. (Pioen) Ploen just now opened it. (brush off) Ploen just now brushed it off. (Pun)

b. Response drill. (c and ch). cim cap caan cew. cew k5 cap caan cim.

Jim grabbed Jaeo·s plate. Jaeo grabbed Jim's plate, too.

chom chet ch~~n chot. chOt k5 chet cM~n chom.

Chom wiped Chot's spoon. Chot wiped Chom's spoon, too.

ciw cap caan cim. cim k5 cap caan c!w.

Jaeo grabbed Jim's plate. Jim grabbed Jaeo's plate, too.

chOt chet ch~:m chom. chom k5 chet ch~:m chOt.

Chot wiped Chom's spoon. Chom wiped Chot's spoon, too.

18.7 Gnmmar drills. a. Response drill. thiam ?aray. may day thliam ?aray.

What did you ask? J didn't ask anything.

phop khray. may day phOp khray.

Who did you meet? I didn't meet anyone.

tham ?aray. may day tham ?aray.

What did you do? I didn't do anything.

pay nay. may day pay nly.

Where did you go? I didn't go anywhere.

phOut ka khray.

Who did you talk to?

may day phuut ka khray.

b.

I didn't talk to anyone.

Substitution drill.

yaak ca klap baan. (t51))

I want to go home.

(have to)

t51) klap baan. (rian phasla thay)

I have to go home.

(study Thai)

t51J rian

I have to study Thai.

phak khaw rtr plaaw. may t5g bl~k khaw, tl& yhk ca lmk.

Do you have to tell him, or not'? I don't have to tell him, but l want to.

yw ca ?aw pay hay khaw r¥ plaaw. may yAak ca ?aw pay hiy kMw, th t5g ?aw pay.

Do you want to take it to him, or not? I don't want to take it to him, but I have to.

t5g chuay mte nl plaaw. may t5g chOay khaw, th yaak ca chuay.

Do you have to help your mother, or not? I don't have to help her, but I want to.

d. Sabsdtutioa drill.

riak khon cbaay waa yal)gay. (tmk)

What do you call the servant? (tell)

tmk khon chAay waa yaggay. (mie kbaw)

What did you tell the servant? (his mother)

bOok mia khaw waa yagiJay.

What did you tell his mother? (ask)

(thiiam)

thiam mia khaw waa yaggay. (khun yag)

What did you ask his mother? (Mr. Young)

thaam khun yag waa yaggay. (phUut)

What did you ask Mr. Young? (say)

phuut ka khun yag waa yaggay.

What did you say to Mr. Young'!

18.8 Numbers.

100,000 baht

sl'rn baat

200,000

~1) s~en bitat baa slan haa baat peat sl&n sii m"wn baat hOk sean hok m~wn hOk phan hok r5~y hok sip hok baat

baht

500,005 baht 840,000 baht 666,666 baht

Practice reading the following amounts of money. Try to get the time under a minute.

10,673 baat 510,673 baat

3,054 bilat 73,054 baat 873,054 baat

2 62 762 9,762 29,762 129,762

205,921

458,190 baat

964,307 bit at

3 baat 73 baat 673 baat

baat

baat 54 bAat 4

207

baat baat baat baat baat baat

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208

18.9 Conversation. a. Answt:r with any of the four times of day not mentioned in the questions. khlan tJJn thial) r~ plaaw kha. may day khian khnip. khlan t~n ... .. fa I) t:>Jn saay r~ plaaw kha. may day fal) khrap. fal) t::>::>n .......... . phfiUt tJ:>n ch:\aw rtl plaaw kha. may day phuut khrap. phuut t~n .... . may day ?aan khrap. ?aan t::l:m ...... . ?aan tJJn yen r~ pliww kha. Etc

Questioning infurmation, (phS:> ?aw na!Jsttt:t pay haan hay lftuk. n{l kha.) mh ?aw pay chay may kha. may chay khnip. khray ?aw pay kha. ph5:> khrap. ?aw kradaat pay chay may kh(l. may chay khnip. 'law ?aray pay kh{L naiJsttt:t khrap. ?aw pay raan ?aahaan chay may kha. may chay khrap. ?aw pay nay kha. ?aw pay baan khrap. ?aw pay hay phii chay may kha. may chay khn\p. ?aw pay hay khray kha. hay luuk khnl.p. · khray ?aw ?aray pay nay hay khray kha. ph5J 7aw nalJst!t:t pay baan hay luuk khn\p. b.

(khun sawat sol) kradaat pay sathaanthuut hay khun yal).

mi kha.)

kh llll yal) SOl) chay may kha. may chay khr:lp. khray SOIJ kh[t. khun sawitt khrions.

kaan tSI)kaan tSI)kaan nai)Sttti t51)kaan ?aan nal)sittt

To want, need. yaak refers more to internal motivation; tS,Jkaan tk waa pit fay day leew na, t5y. A.

7"'5?J chay kham diaw kap p;)~t

I! ? pit pratuu, chiy may.

Tell her, 'You can tum the light off now. Toy. Oh, you use the same words as for opening and closing the door. Riaht?

B. chiy.

That's right.

19.4 Tone identifiattion aad produetioa. a. Identify the tones and record the number of repetitions required. Pillow. Bed. Cupboard. Mat. Floor. Table.

•m~:>n

•ti&IJ •tuu •stta *phttttn •to?

. .. .... .. . .. ............

············ ............

............ ············

Mosquito net. Chair. Sunday. Tuesday . Thursday.

21S

•mul) kaw*?ii wan ?aa*thit wan 7aiJ*khaan wan phartt*hat

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b. Response drill.

Here, finally, is the complete game that the 4b ::.ections have been leading to ever since lesson 7. It should be played, now, without books. The point is to give accurate answers as fast as possible. The questioner can either go straight through a dialog or ask corresponding questions (the last one, for example) from different dialogs. The student has no doubt noticed that. even though its declared pu~pose is tone practice, this game gives more systematic practice on sentenct: structure than any drill in the book. (Each item has twelve lines : 6-6.) khray kin. lui) kin. lug kin ?aray. lui) kin plaa. lui) kin plaa ?aray. lug kin plaa thuu.

lui) kin plaa thuu thii nay. lui) kin plaa thuu thii khrua. lUI) kin plaa thuu thij khrua wan nay. lui) kin plaa thuu thii khrua wan can. lug kin plaa thuu thii khrua wan can t~n nay. lui) kin plaa thuu thii khrua wan can t:>:m yen.

khray Sal). puu sag. puu saiJ ?aray. puu sal) kay. puu sal) kay ?aray. puu Sal) kay ?op.

pUU Sal) kay 7op thii nay. puu sal) kay ?op thii talaat. puu salJ kay ?op thii talaat wan nay. puu sag kay ?op thii talaat wan silk. puu sag kay ?op thii talaat wan silk t:>:m nay. pitu sal) kay ?op thii talaat wan silk tJ:>n baay.

khray sittt. n:X>g sint. n:SJI) sw ?aray. n:S:>IJ sill mla. n!l:>IJ slltt ~lla ?aray. n!l:>IJ sill nva ph/?.

n:S::n) sittt n\fa ph{? thii nay. n:S:l!J sittt n.;a ph{? thii raan. n:j:>lJ s~tt mia phl? thii raan wan nay. n:S::~IJ sin• mia phl? thii raan wan phut. n!l:>IJ sittt nlia phi? thii raan wan phut t:>:m nay. n:S:>IJ sli11 ntta phU thii raan wan phittt~n chaaw.

khray khaay. laan khaay. laan khaay ?aray. laan khaay muu. laan khaay muu ?aray. Jaan khiiay muu waan.

laan khaay muu waan thii nay. laan khaay muu waan thii thanon. laan khiiay muu waan thii thanon wan nay. liian khiiay muu waan thii thanon wan saw. laan khiiay muu wiian thii thanon wan saw t~n nay. laan khaay muu waan thii thanon wan saw t:>:>n saay.

khray th5:>t. phii th5:>t. phii th5::~t ?amy. phii th5:~t kftl). phii th3:>t kftl) ?amy. rhii th5:" kfllJ h£er1.

phii th5:>t kuiJ hiag thii nay. phii th5:>t kug h£eg thii baan. phii th5::~t kill) hteiJ thii baan wan nay. phii th5::~t kill) hfel) thii bian wan mk phii th5:>t kug h'2eg thii baan wan mie t::~:>n nay. phii th5::~t kill) h~EIJ thii bbn wan mh t::~:>n thiai).

--------------~~

~-----------~

----------------~

----------------

217

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~ttA.Ibru. t::un::tJU ,. ... QDIUQQUU~M,.UHflflJI :>n baay, Ia? khiay t~n thiaiJ. 7aan

slay,

Buy at noon, and sell in the afternoon. Buy in the afternoon, and sell at noon.

'laan t:l:ln chiaw. le? khlan t~n slay.

Read in the late morning, and write in the early morning. Read in the early morning. and write in the late morning.

faiJ t~n baay, t~n thiaiJ. faiJ b:>n thiag, II? phOut ~n baay.

Listen in the afternoon, and talk at noon. Listen at noon, and talk in the afternoon.

t~n

111 khlan t:>:m chaaw.

It 7 ph Out

m

khiay t~n chaaw. I'? slit~ t~n yen. lchlay t~n yen, IJ? slit~ t~n chiaw.

the early morning, Sell and buy in the evening. Sell in the evening, and buy in the early morning.

th5:)t ~n slay, Ii? lcin =n yen. th5ot t~n yen. le? kin t~n slay.

fry it in the late morning, and eat it in the evening. Fry it in the evening, and eat it in the late morning.

khlan t;x,n chaaw, II? ?hn t~n thiaiJ.

Write at noon, and read in the early morning. Write in the early morning, and read at noon.

19.6 Vowel and consonant drills. •• Response drill. {Mill). khray y1111m pttttn. pliwt Yllllm ptntn. plivt y11wm ptum lchray. plittt Yllllm pnn chQIIn.

Who borrowed the gun? Puet borrowed the gun. Whose gun did Puet borrow? Puet borrowed Chuen 's gun.

pti-.t ynm p11-.n chQvn. chil-.n k5 yttttm pttttn pltwt.

Puet borrowed Chuen's gun. Chuen borrowed Puet's gun, too.

chQ-.n y1u1m pw~~tn p¥~tt. puvt k5 yt~tsm pun chitin.

Chuen borrowed Puet's gun. Puet borrowed Chuen's gun, too.

khlan

~n

thiaiJ,

117 7aan t:>:)n chaaw.

219

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b. Response drill.

(k, kh, and IJ).

kiat kin kEEl) koo. koo k5 kin kEEl) kiat.

Kiat ate Ko's curry. Ko ate Kiat's curry, too.

khEEk khuan kh!en khem. khem k5 khuan khE'En khhk.

Kaek scratched Kern's arm. Kern scratched Kaek's arm, too.

!JUan I)UalJ noon. (l)iam) l)iam k5 l)UarJ n::~:>n.

Nguan is sleepy. (Ngiam) Ngiam is sleepy, too.

koo kin kEEl) kiat. kiat k5 kin kEEl) koo.

Ko ate Kiat's curry. Kiat ate Ko's curry, too.

khem khuan khE'En khhk. khhk k5 khuan khE'en khem.

Kern scratched Kaek's arm. Kaek scratched Kern's arm. too.

l)iam l)UaiJ n:~::~n. (l)Uan) I)Uan k5 1)\ial) n:>:ln.

Ngiam is skepy. (Nguan) Nguan is sleepy, too.

19.7 Grammar drills. a. Substitution drill. pit fay day liEw mi, t5y.

You can turn the light off now, Toy.

(p~;)t)

{turn on)

fay day IEEW mi, t5y. (naataag)

You can turn the light on now. Toy. (windows)

p~;)t

naataal) day IEEW mi., t5y.

(pit)

You can open the windows now, Toy. (close)

pit naataal) dfty IEEW na, t5y. (pratuu)

You can dose: the: Y.rndows now, Toy. (door)

pit pratuu day J{ew mi., t5y. (p~:>t)

You can close the door now. Toy. (open)

p~;lt pratuu day IEEW na. t5y. (phci.tlom)

You can open th..: Joor now. Tuy. (fan)

p~;}t phatlom day leEw n~t. t5y.

(pit)

You can turn th..: fan on now, Toy. (turn off)

pit phatlom day t/ew mi., t5y.

You can turn the fan off now, Toy.

p~;)t

b. Substitution drill. ?aw nagsittt maa nii n:,y.

(noon)

Please bring the book here.

(there)

?aw nagstnt pay noon n:Jy.

(kradaat}

Please take the book there.

(paper)

?aw kradaat pay noon n:Jy. (nii)

Please take the paper there.

(here)

?aw kradaat maa nii n:Jy.

(dins:lo)

Please bring the paper here.

(pencil)

?aw dins3o maa nii n:Jy.

(noon)

Please bring the pencil here.

(there)

1aw dins'5o pay noon n:Jy.

(burii)

Please take the pencrl there.

?aw burii pay noon o:,y.

(nii}

Please take the cigarets there. (here)

7aw burii maa nii n:Jy.

Please bring the t·igarcts here.

221

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222

Response drill.

c.

t51) liaw thii noon. Haw thii nii may day

You have to turn over there. Can't I turn here?

1~:>.

t51) thaam thii noon. thaam thii nii may day

1~:~.

You have to work vver there. Can't I work here?

t51) tham l)aan thii noon. tham thii nii may day 1~:~. t51)

plaa thii noon. thii nii may day

You have to buy fish over there. Can't I buy it here?

S~tt

Slttl

You have to ask over there. Can't I ask here'?

Ia:~.

t51) sal) ?aahilan thii noon. Sell) thii nii may day Ia:~.

You have to order the food over there. Can't I order it here?

t51) th5:>t kCIIJ thii noon. th5:>t thii nii may day

You have to fry the shrimps over there. Can't I fry them here?

d.

Ia:~.

Response drill.

khun phuut phasaa ciin day may. may day.

Can you speak Chinese? No.

khun phuut phasaa ciin day plaaw. phuut may day.

You can speak Chinese? No. I can't speak it.

Ia:~.

t51) pit pratuu may. may t51).

Do I have to close the door? No.

t51) pit pratuu Ia:~. plaaw. may t51) pit.

I have to close the door, huh? No. You don't have to close it.

pay may. may pay.

Do you want to go? No.

ca pay 1~:~. plaaw. may pay.

You're going? No. I'm not going.

19.8

Number.s.

1,000,000 bdtt

7,269,451 people

laan baat cet laan s~:>IJ seen hok minto kaaw phan sli r:by' hila sip 7et khon

Practice reading the following amounts of money. and 40 seconds.

3 83 583 4,583 74.583

Try to get the time under 1 minute

4 baat 74 baat 674 baat

2 baat 92 baat 492 baat 3.492 baat 83,492 baat 583,492 baat 6,583.492 baat

baat baat baat baat baat 674.583 baat 2,6 74,583 baat

2,674 baat 92,6 74 bilat 492,674 baat 8,492,674 baat

2,468,975 haat

1.478,529 bitat

9,875,301 baat

223

n. 1tlt~rnwlllla:miu~1iltHih.t, 111,'Hlm:

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flil'W.n. ,..,.,,,.:;

1lt"lf\•H:>n yen, chay may kha. mfty chay khn\p. pay t:>::m yen le? klap t:>:>n chaaw. t:>:m saay le? pit t:>:ln baay, chay may kha. may chay khnip. p~:>t t:>:m baay le1 pit t:>:>n saay.

p~:>t

thS:>t t:>:m yen le? kin t:>~n thialJ. chay may kha. may chay khn\p. th3:>t t:>:>n thial) IE? kin t:>:>n yen. Etc.

(See 19.5 for additional items.)

b. Questioning information. (khun yag hay khon chaay ?aw nalJsfnt pay rool)rian hay luuk chaay khaw wan phut t:>:>n baay. mi kha.) khray 'law pay kha. khon chaay khrap.

?aw pay hay phii chaay, chay may kha. may chay khnip.

?aw 7aray pay kha. nai)Stttt khnip.

?aw pay hay khray kha. hay lfmk khrap.

'law pay nay kha. ?aw pay rool)rian khrap.

luuk saaw, chiiy may kha. may chay khrap.

?aw pay hiiy kh1ay kha. hay luuk khun yal) khnip.

luuk chaay, chay may kha. chay khrap.

7aw pay wan nay kha. wan phut khrap.

luuk khun pras61), chiiy may kha. may chiiy khrap.

wan phut t:>:>n nay kha. t:>:>n baay khnip.

luuk khaay kha. luuk khun yaiJ khrap.

khray hay ?aw pay kha. khun yalJ khrap.

?aw pay wan can, chay may kha. may chay khnip.

khaw hay luuk saaw 'law pay, chay may kha. may chay khrap.

?aw pay wan nay kba. wan phut khnip.

hay khray 'law pay kha. khon chaay khrap.

t:>:m chaaw, chay may kha. may chay khnip.

'law witthayu? pay, chay may kha. may chiiy khnip. 'law ?aray pay kha. naiJsittt khrap.

t:>:>n nay kha. t:>:>n baay khrap. khray hay khray 'law ?aray pay nay hay khray

kha.

khun yal) hay khon chaay ?aw nal)sb pay rool)rian hay lfiuk khnip.

?aw pay roogreem, chay may kha. may chay khn\p. 7aw pay nay kha.. ?aw pay r6o1)rian khrap.

wan nay t:>:>n nay kba. wan phut r:>:>n baay khrap.

225

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ph5::> mee nal) (sit) yuu thii to 7 (table) thii nii. luuk chaay kap lfiuk saaw nal) yuu thii to 7 thii noon. ph5;, mii maykhlit, mte mii nal)sint, luuk chaay mii dins5::>, 1{1lfluk saaw mii kradaat. Jfluk chaay pen phii, luuk siiaw pen n~::liJ. ph5::~ riak mEe wiia n:bl), IE 7 m~e riak ph5::> waa phit. thaa Juuk chaay yaak day nal)stttt, khaw t51) pay phuut kap mE'e waa "kh:l::~ nal)sitH n:'>y, mte" rtlt1 phuut kap n5::>1J waa "chuay pay 7aw na!Jslttt thii m€'e maa hay phii n:'>y, n6:>1J". thiia luuk chaay yaak day kradaat. khaw t51J phuut kilp n5::>1J waa "chuay sol) kradaat hay phii n:'>y, n6::>1J". thaa mte yaak day dinsJ'::~, khaw t51) phuut kap luuk chaay waa "chuay ?aw dins:Y., maa hay mee n:'>y, luuk". thaa ph5:> yaak day nal)sww, khaw t51) phuut kap mte waa "chuay sol) naiJSHtt hay phii n:'>y, n5::~1)". thaa luuk saaw yaak ca hay kradaat ph5::>, khaw t51) thiiam waa .. 7aw kradaat may, ph5:>", ll? thaa ph5::> b:'>::~k waa "?aw", luuk saaw t51) 'law pay hay khaw. thaa luuk saaw yaak ca hay kradaat phii, khaw t51) thiiam waa .. 7aw kradaat may, phii'', le1 thaa phii b:'>::>k waa "?aw", khaw t51) SOl) hay. thaa ph5::~ yaak ca hay maykhiit luuk_ chaay, khaw t51) thiiam waa "'law maykhiit may, Juuk", le? thaa liluk b::>::>k waa "?aw", Juuk t5l) pay 1aw thii ph5::>. thaa mEe yaak ca hay nal)siitt ph5::>, khaw t51) thiiam waa "?aw nal)sins may. phii", ti 1 thaa ph5:> b:'>::~k waa "1aw". mte t5l) sol) hay. thaa luuk chaay yaak ca hay dins~:> mte, khaw t51J thiiam wiia "?aw dins~:> may, mEe", 1l1 thaa mte b:'>:>k waa "7aw", luuk chaay t5l) 1aw pay bay khaw. rittt luuk chaay t51) sol) dins3'::> hay n5;,g 1{1 b:'>::~k waa "chuay 1aw dins~:> pay hay rnte n:'>y, n:S::>IJ". Read the following questions and answers for comprehension. Then listen for comprehension while looking at the picture - not the sentences. Next, while looking at the following frames and the picture thaa ............ yaak day ............ , khaw t5l) tham yal)gay. thaa .. .. .. . . . .. . yaak ca hay .. . .. .. .. .. ........ khciw t5l) tham yai)J')ay. 229

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ask the teacher several of the 24 possible questions to get practice keeping up with the answers (slightly faster now). Finally, ask several questions while looking at the picture only. Race the answers with your mind. If you fall behind, the teacher should reduce the speed a little. (It is not intended that the student should be abie to answer questions from the teacher.) thla lCluk slaw yaak day maykhiit, khaw t51} thant yaggay. khaw 01} pay phClut kap ph5o wb "kh'5o maykhiit n~y. ph5o". thla Hiu~ siaw yaak day din~. khaw tSI} tham yal}l)ay. khaw t51) phClut Up phii waa "chOay SOl) dins" hay n5Jl) njy, phii". thla ph5::~ yaak day kradaat, khaw t51) tham yaJJI)ay. kh&w t5g ph1lut Up IOuk saaw waa "ch1lay ?aw kradaat maa bay ph5o n:,y, luuk". thaa m~e yaak day maykhiit, khliw t5g tham yal)gay. khaw t51) phuut kap ph5o waa "ch"Oay SOl) maykhiit hay n5:H) njy, phii". thaa lOuk chaay yaak ca hay din~:> phSo, khaw t51) tham yal)l)ay. khaw OIJ thiam ph&> wia "?aw dins~ may, ph5o", II? thaa phi:> b~k waa "?aw", khaw t51) 'law pay hiy, ritt sol) hay n~:>IJ li? Mok waa "chuay ?aw dinsY.l pay hay ph5:> n~y, n~:>IJ" . thaa IOuk chaay yaak ca bay din~ n~oq, kbaw t5g tham yal)l)ay. khaw t5g thiam n~:>IJ waa "?aw din~ may, n~g", le? thaa no:>IJ bjok waa ''?a w". khaw t5g sog hay. thaa mae yaak ca hiy nagsau lOuk siaw, khaw t51) tham yal)I)ay. khaw t5g thiam waa "?aw nagsiv may, Hluk", J!? thiia JQuk b:>ok waa '"law", IOuk t51) pay ?aw thii rnte. thaa ph5o yaak ca hiy maykhiit mra, khaw t5g tham yagl)ay. khaw t51) thiarn waa "?aw maykhiit may, n5or)'', I£? thaa mE'e b.):>k waa "?aw", ph5o t5g sog hay.

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, 1n 11.3 Before, first. kradaat 16.3 Paper. kflg 7.4 Shrimp. kwaa 6.5 More (than), -er (than). li 4.3 A question particle. (See 4.1) laian 19.8 A million. lian 11.4 Nephew, niece, grandchild. llq 8.3 Lower. khlg liag Downstairs. Jig 4.2 The back. khlg lllJ In back of. lfek 12.3 Number. (See 13.1) lfek thii 12.3 designation.

A number used as a (See 13.1)

Iron. h!k 2.5 To be little. l~a 2.3 A question particle. (See 2.1) la;,y 4.5 miy ... Ja;,y Not ... at all. l€1 15, 19.3 And. l~k

kblwcay 8.3 To understand. khisn 13.6 Arm. kbla 17.3 To remo've or dislodge something with light stroking movements of the finger or some instrument. 236

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6.3 To turn.

8.3 Already.

(See 8.1)

lorn

16.3 Wind, 3\f (in motion or under pressure). lorn 2.4 A muddy place. I om 2.4 To fall over. lug 11.4 Older brother of fathe1 or mother, uncle. luuk 7.5 Child (the relationship term: son or daughter). luuk chaay 15. Son. luuk slaw 15. Daughter.

liag 14.4 Yellow. l11arn 17.3 To forget.

naataag 16.3 Window (the opening and shutters-not the glass). naathii 11.8 Minute. naaw 17.4 Cold (weather). namg;m 16.6 Blue. nan 6.2 There, that, the one mentioned

2. 9 That, the one mentioned (adjective). . nag 20. To sit. nagsii11 14.3 Book. nly 3.3 Where? Which? nii 3.2 Here, this. nan

This (adjective). 14.3 A little bit. n'w 16.4 Fingers, toes. noon 3.3 Over there, that. noon 6.2 That (farther away than nan). Toliedown. D;l;lD 7.1 n·bg 11.4 Younger brother or sister, younger sibling. n:)y 14.3 A little. (See 14.1) miu 4.2 Mouse. (See 4.1, 6.1, and 8.1) nlla 7.4 Meat, beef. nag 2.8 One. gaan 9.3 Work, party, ceremony. nii

8.1 To come. rniak 3.3 Very, a lot. maay 17.3 Wood, a stick. maykhiit Matches. may 11.3 To be new, anew. maa

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3.4 Silk. (See mciay) ~ek 17.4 Clouds. m£& 17.4 Mother. msali 12.7 Mary. mii 7.4 To have, there is. mly

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