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A.U.A. Language Center Thai Course: Book 2
 9781501721076

Table of contents :
PREFACE
CONTENTS
LESSON 21
LESSON 22
LESSON 23
LESSON 24
LESSON 25
LESSON 26
LESSON 27
LESSON 28
LESSON 29
LESSON 30
LESSON 31
LESSON 32
LESSON 33
LESSON 34
LESSON 35
LESSON 36
LESSON 37
LESSON 38
LESSON 39
LESSON 40
GLOSSARY

Citation preview

A.U.A. Language Center Thai Course Book 2

Prepared by

J. Marvin Brown

Published by Cornell University Southeast Asia Program Ithaca, N.Y. 1992

©

1974 by Adrian S. Palmer

Originally published by the American University Alumni Association LanguagE Center, Bangkok, Thailand. Reprinted with permission by the Cornell Southeast Asia Program, 1992 ISBN 0-87727-507-6

The. A.U.A. Thai Course Thai Book 1 Thai Book 2 Thai Book 3 Thai Book A (Small Talk) Thai Book B (Getting Help) Thai Book R (Reading) Thai Book W (Writing)

A.U.A. Thai Course Books can be ordered from: SEAP Publications Cornell University East Hill Plaza Ithaca, NY 14850 (607) 255-8038 Tapes are available for Books 1, 2, 3, A, and B. Order from: Tape Sales DMLL, 009 Morrill Hall Cornell University Ithaca, NY 14853 (607) 255-7394 For a master set of A.U.A. tapes, institutions should order directly from A.U.A. Language Center, 179 Rajadamri Road, Bangkok 10330, Thailand.

PREFACE This edition of Book 2 of the AUA

Language Center Thai Course is a direct

continuation of the 1967 edition of Book I and should be used only by students who have studied from that book; for without Book I as a background, even students whose vocabulary and sentence patterns go far beyond it might often find themselves in tonal difficulties. In any case a student of Book 2 should also have a copy of Book I for its introduction (which applies in every detail to Book 2 as well), its explanation of the transcription symbols used, and the numerous notes and drills in it that are referred to in Book 2. The present edition is a major revision of the earlier course and has benefited greatly from suggestions made by the following teachers who taught that course: Matana Chutrakul, Niphapharn Chutrakul, Nitaya Amaraket,

Saengthong Beokhaimook, Srim

Nolrajsuwaj,

Khomsan Hathaidharm, and Preecha Ratanodom. These same teachers also read the revision and made corrections, as did Peter J. Bee of the London School of Oriental and African Studies. But with all the changes that have been made, most of the dialogs are still basically those written several years ago by Churee lndaniyom.

My own contributions have been

made with the constant assistance of Preecha Ratanodom.

J. M. B.

Bangkok, Thailand February 1968

CONTENTS :11.1 Vocabulary and expansions.

3

21.2 Patterns.

5 5

21.3 Dialog:

Are you free?/ Yes. Why?/ rm going to get something to eat. Want to come along?/ Can you speak slower? 1 can't understand you whe~· you speak fast./ Do you want to go eat with me?j No. You'd better go without me./ Why? Have you already eaten?/ No, but I'm not hungry.

21.4 Tone identification: Decide, marble, sandwich, Pepsi, Khon Kaen. b~:lk dee!) rit ya!J./ b~:lk./ dam Iii./ b3;Jk.

Tone production: 21.5 Tone manipulation: 21.6

Vowels:

le'ew thammay may day b~:lk

a. naam s'J;JfJ khuat.

7 9 9

a-aa contrast drill.

Consonants: ph, p, and b substitution drill. 21.7

7

Grammar: a. ch~~n khun pay thaan bJn. b. thammay. khun may thaan l:'\:1. c. ch:l~n khun pay thaan k;'l:m./ thammay. khun may thaan J;j~. d. chan ca pay thaan khaaw. pa~ dLlaykan may./ may pay. ch~:ln khun pay thaan b:m. e. khun prasot) pay t:c:w rtt yat)./ pay l{ew./ J{ew khun sawat Ia. pay le'ew ni yal)./ yal).

9 11 II II

13 13

21.8 Time of day: I - 6 p.m. 21.9 Conversation: Narrative of Jesson 5. 21.10 Writing: tltl, dead syllables.

13

22.1

Vocabulary and expansions. 22.2 Patterns.

17 19

22.3 Dialog: I'm hungry. Shall we go eat'!/ I'm hungry, too. but l haven't finished my

21

13 15

work yet./ I'll go wait for you at the restaurant, then./ Okay. l'll join you in a few minutes./ What do you want? I'll order for you./ Fried rice and a limeade.

22.4

Tone identification: Tone production:

Cheese, compare, custard apple, trees, Sathorn. dii may./ dii./ may dii 15:l.,' dii. thainmay ca may dii.

21

2.3

22.5 Tone manipulation: a. hen saay kii ri1et.j hen saay hOk met. b. s~:>IJ. c. haa.

23 23

22.6

25

Vowels:

ay- aay and aw - aaw contrast drills.

Consonants: th, t, and d substitution drill.

22.7 Grammar: a. hlw J/ew. b. yal) tham I)QQn may set. c. pay kin khaaw kan may./ may pay. yal) tham l)aan may set. d. ca pay r:>:> thii roan laah~an. e. ca kin 7aray baalJ. 11

23 25 25 25 27 27 27

12.8 Time of day:

6 - 12 a.m.

29

22.9 Conversation:

Narrative of Jesson 10.

29

22.10 Writing:

29

:J:J.

23.1 Vocabulary and expansions.

33

23.2 Patterns.

35

23.3 Dialog:

How are your noodle~?/ Good./ Do you want more?/ No, I'm full. How about you?/ I'll" have another beer. Don't you want some tea or coffee?/ No. Just another glass of water.

23.4 Tone identification: Tone production:

Back up, soda water, screen, lizard, letter. khray b~:>k./ n~y bj:>k./ n;,y b;,:>k khray.f n:,y b;,:>k puu.

23.5 Tone manipulation: a. b. c. d.

kradi:tat./ kradaat ph~n ntiiJ. s~:>IJ.

sii. haa.

23.6 Vowels: ay- aay and aw- aaw contrast drills.

37 37 37 39 39 39 39

Consonants: c, ch, and k, kh substitution drills. 23.7 Grammar:a. b. c. d. e. f.

35

say nom may. chuay sol) namtaan hay dGay. 'law 'laray ?iik may. may ?aw kaafee baaiJ I~:J. khJ:> namkhEU 7Jik k~Ell' nt11) thawnan. may ?aw bia bilal) I~:J./ may ?aw. kh5:> namkh'tiJ ?iik keew nttiJ thawnan.

39 39 41 41 41 43 43 43

23.8 Time of day:

7 - 12 p.m.

43

23.9 Conversation:

Narrative of Jesson 15.

43

23.10 Writing:

ia.

45

24.1 Vocabulary and expansions.

47

24.2 Patterns.

49

24.3 Dialog:

You don't have to fix dinner today. We're eating out./ How about lunch?/ I'm not sure. I'll phone and tell you if we can't come. But if I don't phone, it means we'll be here./ What do you want to eat?/ Chicken soup. cheese sandwiches, hard-boiled eggs, potato chips, and fruit./ What kind of fruit?/ Any kind.

24.4 Tone identification: Tone production: 24.5 Tone manipulation:

Police, taxi, Songkhla, dance, Paknam. n;,y may day

b~:>k

puu

I~:J./

51

b)Jk. n;,y b;,:>k puu t::>:>n baay.

a. mii saay kii met./ mii saay saam met. b. haa. c. day saay sii met. iii

51

53 53 53

24.6 Vowels: ay - aay and aw - aaw contrast drills. Consonants: Final p- t- k -? contrast drills. 24.7 Grammar: a. nita thSJt. b. c. d. e. f.

heJJ kay. wannii may t51) tham ?aahaan yen. raw ca pay kin khal) n3Jk. thaa maa may day ca thoo maa bj~k. plee waa ca klap maa kin.

53

53 53 55 55 55 55 57

24.8 Time of day:

12 - 6 a.m.

57

24.9 Conversation:

Narrative of lesson 20.

57

24.10 Writing:

tta.

59

25.a Review sections 3, 5, 7, and 9 of lessons 21 - 24.

61

25.b Narrative:

61

Khun Sawat likes Thai food and Mr. Young likes Farang food.

25.c Dialog: Ordering a meal in a restaurant.

67

26.1

69

Vocabulary and expansions.

26.2 Patterns.

71

26.3 Dialog: You wait here. I'll pick you up in a minute./ Where's your car parked?/ Over there. You can't park here./ I'll go with you. My car has been out of order for several days now. I took it to be fixed, but it isn't ready yet./ Do you drive yourself?/ No. 1 can't drive.

73

26.4 Tone identification: To research, Chiang Mai, pomelo, village, Hua Hin.

73

Tone production: prachum h1an ?aa chliy may. may chay. ?aa tttan prachum.

73

26.5 Tone manipulation: a. mii may. mfta. mii mia may.

75

26.6 Vowels: e - ee and o- oo contrast drills.

75

Consonants:

p, b, and ph transformation drill.

77 77

26.7 Grammar: a. rot sia maa /aay wan le'ew. b. cj:>t thii nii./ thii nii c?>~t rot may day. c. khray khilp rot hay./ chan khS.p ?eel). d. khun khap rot ?eeg )~:l./ plaaw. khap may pen. e. khap may pen.

79 79 79

26.8 Time of day: Converting the 24 hour system to the 6 hour system.

81

26.9 Conversation: Ordering meals.

81

16.10 Writing:

83

may 'leek. iv

81

27.t

Vocabulary and expansions.

85

27.2 Patterns.

87

2?.3 Dialog: Where do you want to get off?/ Go a little further, then stop on the

87

right./ I'll have to turn around first, then. Stop right in front of the police box'> right?/ Yes. Thanks./ I'll wait for you over there. Okay?/ You can go on. You don't have to wait./ I'll go on to the railway station and come back and get you in· half an hour, then./ That won't be necessary. I'm not sure when I'll be through. l'll get a taxi. 27.4

Tone identification: Tone production:

27.5

Korat, litchis, pen, shirt, skin.

89

hay ?aa ttsan prachum./ ?aa htan prachum n:,y day may, ?aa.

Tone manipulation: a. hen miia kii tua./

hen miia saam tua.

89

b. sii.

91 91

c. haa. 27.6

Vowels:

27.7

91

e- ee and o- oo contrast drills.

t, d, and th transformation drill.

Consonants: Grammar:

89

91

a. khun ca lol) thii nay./ ~~~Y pay 1iik n;y !lEw c:,:H thaalJ saay.

91

b. thaa yalJIJan t51J klap rot k:,:>n.

93

c. ?iik klmi!J chuamooy ca klap maa rap. d. may n€e waa ca klap mftaray..

93 93

27.8

Days of the week:

27.9

Conversation:

All seven days.

Teacher asks today.

e::>y contrast drills.

173 175

Consonants:

c, ch, and k, kh response drill.

175

Grammar: a. b. c. d.

chan ca pay raan khaay phaa./ !Jan chuay sli1:1 phaa hay duay. thaa phaan raan kbaay yaa, chuay Slftl yaa hay dfiay. sabUu yaag yay sJ;JI) kS;Jn. phuu chaay sugsiiug noon./ phuu chaay sugsiiug khon noon.

175

177 177 177

33.8 Months: November, December, January, February.

179

33.9 Conversation:

179

33.10 Writing:

Showing how to get somewhere with a map (continued).

may ?eek and may thoo with high, mid, and low consonants.

179

34.1

Vocabulary and expansions.

183

34.2

Patterns.

185

34.3

Dialog:

What do you want?/ Where are the stockings?/ Here./ Let me see that pair./ This black pair here 7/ Yes./ Here you are./ They' rea bit too thick. Do you have any thinner ones?/ Yes. Here. These are the very thinnest./ How much are they a pair?/ 15 baht./ I'll take two pairs of black ones, and one pair of blue ones./ Have you been in Thailand long?/ Two years./ You speak very clearly./ How much altogether?/ 45 baht.

34.4 Tone identification:

Tone production: 34.5 Tone manipulation:

To treat, avoid, roof, force, cause.

187

phuut kap phQan may, ph5::>./ phuut kap ph&an si, ph5::>. a. miit tham duay hin chay may./ may chay. duay IJ:ln. viii

185

miit tham

187 187

34.6

Vowels;

ew- ew- aw and eew- eew- aaw contrast drills.

34.7 Grammar:

34.8

Months:

189

lJ substitution drill.

Consonants:

a. b. c. d. e.

nay duu khuu nan si./ khuu sii dam nii 1~:~. phaa naa pay n:,y. yaal) ba01) kwaa nii mii may. yaa sii fan yaal) yay hok 16:>t nii (expansion). ?aw khaaw phat may./ .khaaw phat caan Ia thawray. khfiu nii (sii dam)./ khfiu sii dam nii.

34.10 Writing:

193

Narrative of Jesson 25.

The five tones written with no tonal marker. sections 3, 5, 7, and 9 of lessons 31 -34.

3S.a

Review

3S.b

Narrative:

36.1

Vocabulary and expansions.

John has put on weight and needs new clothes.

Did anyone phone me?/ Yes, a man phoned./ What war. his name?/ Prasong.f Did he phone long ago?/ No. Only five minutes before you came./ What did he want?/ He's coming to see you tonight./ I won't be free. I'm going to the doctor. What should I do?/ Phone him at his house./ He doesn't have a phone./ Is there one at his office?/ Yes, but I don't know the number./ I'll look it up for you. Where does he work?/ At the American Embassy./ Here it is. 59800.

Tone production:

To except, pay back, masseur, rank, stingy.

dee!) maa 1:EW./ maa nii dee!). ca b6:>k ?aray hay.

36.5 Tone manipulation: Vowels:

197 197

201

36.4 Tone identification:

36.6

195

201

36.2 Patterns. 36.3 Dialog:

189 189 191 191 193 193

March, April, May.

34.9 Conversation:

189

a. yul) kin cil)cok chay may./ may chay. cil)cok kin yul) tal)haak.

203 205 205 207

Vowels with final w.

Consonants:

203

207

p- b response drill.

36.7

Grammar: a. khun praSOIJ Sal) keel) phet./ khaw sal) ?oolial) duay. b. mii khon maa haa c:>:>n./ khon thii maa haa c:>:>n chih1 ?aray. C. khaw sal) ?aray ni pJaaw.f Sal)./ khaw Sal) ?aray baa!) Jii.

207 209 209

36.8

Months:

211

36.9

Conversation: Questioning information.

July, August, September.

211

36.10 Writing: The nine regular long vowels; ix

'l;x, nam.

215

37.1

Vocabulary and expansions.

217

37.2 Patterns.

217

37.3 Dialog:

Who are you looking for?/ I want to see the doctor./ He hasn't come yet./ Do you know where he is?/ He took his car to be repaired./ When will he be here?/ I'm not sure. Want to wait?/ I can't. I've got something to do. Where's his house? I'll go see him there./ Do you know the Bank of America?/ Yes. It's on Suriwong Road./ Go along Suriwong. Go a little past the Bank of America and tum left. His house is on the right. There's a gas pump in front of the house./ What's the number?/ 143/2./ If I don't see him there, I'll come back here./ Okay. Excuse me, what's your name?/ Prapart. Please tell the doctor I want to see him very much./ I'll tell him.

219

37.4 Tone identification: Bean sprouts, white elephant, haughty, major wife, loveable.

221

Tone production: khaw ch&tt prachum./ prachum 1~~. chan k5 chStt prachum.

221

37.5

Tone manipulation: a. yaa lttttm bJJk na, 'lltt.

223

37.6

Vowels:

223

37.7

Vowels with final y.

Consonants: t- d response drill,

223

Grammar:

225

a. khun tham ?eel) 1~~./ plaaw. mii khon tham hay. b. dam yuu thii ?:>pfit Je? dEE!) kh:>:>y khal) n5:>k. khon nay dam./ khon thii yuu thii ?:>pfit. khon nay dEF.rJ./ khon thii kh:>:>y khal) n5:>k. c. sii sal) kEEIJ phet./ t5y k5 sal) kEEl) phet m6ankan.

225

227

37.8

Months: June, October.

227

37.9

Conversation: Shopping.

227

37.10 Writing:

38.1

The three irregular long vowels; 'li.

Vocabulary and expansions.

229 231

38.2 Patterns.

231

38.3 Dialog: Where are you going, Preecha ?/ Oh, hello, Sujin. How are you? We haven't seen each other at all./ I'm fine. l met a friend of yours a couple of days ago at the railroad station./ Who?/ He works with you, but I've forgotten his name. He told me you hadn't gone to work for several days. What was wrong?/ I wasn't feeling very well./ Are you all right now?/ Yes. Are you on your way to work?/ No. My office is closed for the day. I'm going to get something to eat. Want to come with me?/ Thanks. J'm hungry too./ Where shall we go?/ Do you like Farang food?/ Yes. I've wanted some for a long time./ Lets get Farang food, then./ Are there any good restaurants around here?/ There's one on the corner over there.

233

38.4 Tone identification: To differ, symbol, dormitory, guarantee, rose apple.

235

Tone production: chuan sii pay duu nafJ./ pay duu niil) may sii. X

235

38.5 Tone manipulation: a. chuay tham keel) hay n:ly, t5y.f kUlJ l~ 38.6 Vowels:

Yli

Consonants:

hA.

tham leew

M.

237 237

response drill. Final 7 - p, 7- t, and 7 - k contrast drills.

38.7 Grammar: a. ca tham yaiJIJay.f may ruu ca tham yaiJIJay dii. b. khun ph5:> chd:>p duu naiJ./ khun miE k5 ... mliankan. khun puu pay thanaakhaan.f khaw pay ... dQay. c. pen 7aray.j plaaw. miy diy pen ?aray. d. phii pay duu n8.TJ./ khaw chd:>p nal) thii khllw pay duu· rli plaaw.

237 239 239 241 241

38.8 Dates.

243

38.9 Conversation: Questioning information.

243

38.10 Writing:

245

39.1

Seven ways of writing the short vowel a; consonant clusters.

Vocabulary and expansions.

247

39.2 Patterns.

247

39.3 Dialog: The dialogs of lessons 25 and 30.

249

39.4 Tone identification:

249

Lotus, onion, praise, cricket, line.

Tone production: chan chftM teen./ tEen ~~~. mik waa chQil sli.

249

39.5 Tone manipulation: a. thammay hufJ khaaw hay khaw Ia./ k5 khaw hay hiiTJ hay ni.

251

39.6 Vowels: :l- a response drill.

251

Consonants:

lJ substitution drill.

251

39.7 Grammar: a. khun ph5o pay chiafjmay I{ew ril. yaTJ./ pay tlew. pay mfta waan nii./ llew khun m€'e Hi. pay l{ew nt yaTJ./ yal). khaw ca pay phruiJ nii. b. pras~:lt chuay prasofj na ha. khon nay pras~:lt.j khan thii chii~y praSOTJ./ khon nay praSOTJ./ khon thii pra~;}t chiiay. c. dek phuu chaay pay duu naTJ./ khaw ch5:>p ni plaaw.j khray.j dek thii pay duu naTJ./ ch5:>p 7aray./ nafj thii khaw pay duu.j h~m. dek thii pay duu naiJ ch5:>p naTJ thii khaw pay duu. Etc.

253

253 255

39.8 Days and months.

255

39.9 Comersation:

257

39.10 Writing: 40.a

Narrative of lesson 30.

Summary of vowels.

257

Review sections 3, 5, 7, and 9 of lessons 36-39.

40.b Narrative:

Prasit's family.

259 259

Glossary.

265

xi

As in Book I, the regular text appears on the right-hand pages only. On the pages facing from the left, all Thai words and sentences are printed in normal Thai writin$.

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2

LESSON 21 ·lt.l

Vocabulary and expiUISions.

Waa!J

To be unoccupied, free.

may

thammay

Why.

thaan prathaan nip nipprathaan

Short for rapprathaan.

To eat (formal).

dOay kan dOaykan

In addition. Each other. Together.

laa wee weelaa

Time.

rew rewrew

Fast (expressing a fact). Fast (expressing a judgement).

khiaw thaan khiaw

Rice. (With modifiers this refers to other grains as well.) To eat a meal.

k~:m

Before.

This word is often used like the English first (before

me) or

separately (before and hence without me). yag

Still, yet. This is used as the negative answer to a question with liew. The following example explains this. The parenthesized words are omitted. khun thaan khaaw leew nl yag (may day thaan). thaan l~ew. yag (may day thaan).

hiw hiw khiaw hiw miam t~an

thak khw khuat ch:S:m thai) chaam pia moou khriu

To hunger or thirst for. To be hungry. To be thirsty. To remind, warn. To greet, say bello to. Glass, a glass. A bottle. A spoon. A bucket. A bowl. Father or mother's older sister, aunt. O'clock (daytime hours). Half.

3

You have eaten already or not yet? Already have eaten. Not yet.

~m>.,.l!l ltn~n{,~,tHt.h:: lur1 fltu1Hll1lJ



1n'lff~~1Hll1lJ f

II

I

l1D~'U11H

,

l1lJ

I

l1()11H I I

91 ' l1D~1H 91 I \Jl'U11~

•U

1"::11~ 1:'1

I

t)tJ11~11~

91

l1()lfi1W\.111

'

. "'

d

~

L1()1fl\ll~~1 'l1 L'l1 0

11:: ,t1l11n:: l7 fll"U

L1(1lfl\llfll~l'U " c!l



11::lt1l11D::l71;~ 1~::

I 91

~

l1(1 11'\Jl()l.JL fl1Ul11lJ1

11:: it1l11D:: l'lehu

""

DtJ~1fJtlU o

"'

II

"'

fiH1U"1tJtlU ~

.,

91

L1 f.l\.j"1 Ofll~

lc!!., .en \JlltfUfi'Ul n.

mll1l~ll1JJ • I

o 11J

'\J. 1H, fll tlJ

n.

oiiJ

'\J.

4

91-!!

vn tlJ, fiOA'Yil'WLLCl1l11D • "'

I

tJ~, H~f-.llJ

IIJ

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llJl111ClfJ

21.2 Patterns. khun waag may. thoorasap WUIJ may. h51J naam WUIJ may.

Are you~"~? Is the telephone free? Is the batliroom free?

weelaa waaiJ. h51J waag. baan waag. to? waaJJ.

Free time. An unoccupied room. A vacant house. A table that is not being used.

ca pay haa ?aray thaan. ca pay baa ?aray ?aan. ca pay baa ?aray cbet t61.

I'm going to go look for something co eat. I'm going to go look for something to read. J'm going to go look for something to wipe the table with.

pay dQaykan. yuu dOaykan. tham JJaan dOaykan. rian duaykan. klap baan dOaykan.

To To To To To

go together. live together. work together. study together. go home together.

ph Out rewrew. d;,;,n chachaa. kin makmliak. yuu klayklay. khJan didii. yuu waiJwaag.

To speak fast. To walk slowly. To eat a lot. To live nearby. To write well. To have nothing to do.

weelaa weelaa weelaa weelaa weelaa

Eating time. When you're eating. When you speak fast. While you're working. When be forgets to bring cigarets. While I'm eating.

thaan khiiaw. khun phfiut rewrew. khun tham gaan. khaw lttttm ?aw burli maa. chan kin khaaw.

khun thaan !lew 15:). khllw pit fay Ieew I~;,. khun ph6p khaw Ilew 15;,.

You've already eaten? He has already turned the light off? You've already seen him?

21.3 Dialog.

A. khun waalJ may. B. waaJ.).

Are you free?

thammay.

A. phOm ca pay hia 'laray thaan. pay dfiaykan may. B. phUut chachaa n:ly, day may. weelaa khun phQut rewrew phOm may khawcay ):)3Y. A. pay thaan khaaw kan may.

Yes.

I'm going to go get something to eat. Do you want to come along? Can you speak a little slower? When you speak fast I don't understand at all. Do you want to go eat with me?

B. may pay.

No. You'd better go without me.

ch;,;,n khun pay thaan k:r.,n. A. thammay. khun thaan t{ew 153. B. yal). th phOm may hlw I:Y.)y.

Why?

Why? Have you already eaten? No. But I'm not hungry at all.

s

n.

...

... .!!

.I

'

nhJ~

ilfll1tl 'II.

~6\lUfll.l

I

Utlfl U1Hl1161u nl Utlfl

un'1lh ,JJ ,~,lunnvh~z Utlfl ~

.I '

tl12JU1Nl116luil1 tllU

un'1lh ,,.. ,~,ln1u~h~z Ql

tl11J

'Vlfl

6

11.4 Tone identification and production. L

Identify the tones and record the number of repetitions required for each.

............ ............ ............ ............

To decide.

toklol)

A marble.

luuk hin

A sandwich.

SEEn Wit

Pepsi Cola.

pepsii

············ ············ ............ ............

Khon Kaen.

kh:):>nken

············ ............

b. Response drill. (Notice especially how stress affects the tones.) OO:)k dEEIJ ni plaaw~ b:lJk. liew thammay may day b~Jk dam Ia.

Did you tell Daeng? Yes. Then why didn't you tell Dam? J did.

bJJk. thaam dnlJ rtl plaaw. thliam. ltew thammay may day thaam dam thaam.

Ia.

Did you ask Daeng? Yes. Then why didn't you ask Dam? I did.

phCiut kap dnlJ rti plaaw. phCiut. tlew thammay may day phCiut kap dam Ia. phuut.

Did you speak to Daeng? Yes. Then why didn't you speak to Dam? I did.

titan dniJ rll plaaw. tttan. J{ew thammay may day t~tan dam

Did you remind Daeng? Yes. Then why didn't you remind Dam?

Ia.

I did.

I NOll.

thak dnu rti plaaw. thak. leew thammay may day thak dam thdk.

Ia.

Did you say hello to Daeng? Yes. Then why didn't you say hello to Dam? 1 did.

7

fl.

r

Ul'i:'ftHttJ 1Vl

r 4. Ul'i:'ftt11Vl r J. ,

Ullfutn

r ,

,

(~)

,

gl 0

,

~

~

l!W4UtH gl

0

( 1lfl1)

"'1 Vi "', llJ

(lDU)

(l11)

l!11tlfJ'IfllJ

(0-3)

U116tJCI.:J

(l11)

r ,

r ,

91

"'

Ullt1Ufl1

( 'lft)l!)

U1\11~6U

(160)

l!ll11fi-:J

r , , r ,

,

UlltJU'IftJU

r , , \HltlUUfl1 r ,

91 "'

(Ufl1)

r

~

Ul'Hflfi-:J

(,1Vl)

f

('lfDU)

"'l'Hfl'lft) u t' 91 Ul'i:'ftl-:J'IfDU t' 91 Ul'i:16-3Ufl1

91

(lYD.:J)

,

91

(l11)

U1l11-t11~

('lflll)

, ,

U1\1l'V1lJ

J,r UUVl'lfllJ

r

~

('Hn)

,

91

U1'YiUUfl1

(UUVl) (lflll)

r "' tl 1Vi Wll1 Vl

UllfllJ'IfllJ

(ct~)

u1Vi u,nu

~ UllflllfH

(rf'u)

'

r "' ,

fl. ~

....,,. tnn

tll\1, ,.:,

~

l1l!

flU

l11U

fllU

91

I

Ql

lJl!

'

lJlU

(ih) .:.

!II "' Ull!'Yi

~"'~

,

(Ull)

, .:. tJlUUlJ

(ih)

u'1ui11

(~)

HltJlJ

I'

r

91

U116U,1Vl

'r

,

('lflll)

Ql

~uih

(U1l!)

./41

.q

UUUlJ

8

,

(Ufl1) (n~u)

,

(tt11Vl) ( 'lfDU)

lJ.S Tone manipulation. a. Substitution drill. miam naam naam nilam miam

khitat. (sii) sii khitat. (kiaw) sii k!ew. (haa) haa kiew. (chS:m) haa chS::m. (r5oy)

naam naam naam miam naam naam naam naam naam naam

r5::>y ch5:>n. (ktew) r~y U"ew. (khuat) r~y khuat. (haa) haa khitat. (chaam) haa chaam. (pht) pht chaam. (saam) saam chaam. (thai)) saam thai). (phan) phan thai). (chaam) phan chaam. (d::>y)

naam naam mlam naam naam naam mi.am naam naam

r5::>y chaam. (thai)) rS::>y thai). (baa) haa thai). (hok) hok thai). (ch6:m) hok ch6::>n. (sJ:llJ) s'5ol) ch6::>n. (keew) s;:>IJ Uew. (phan) phan keew. (khuat) phan khuat. (ch6:>n)

Two bottles of water. (4) Four bottles of water. (glass) Four glasses of water. (5) Five glasses of water. (spoon) Five spoonfuls of water. (100) A hundred spoonfuls of water. (glass) A hundred glasses of water. (bottle) A hundred bottles of water. (5) Five bottles of water. (bowl) Five bowls of water. (8) Eight bowls of water. (3)

s~IJ

Three bowls of water. (bucket) Three buckets of water. (1,000) A thousand buckets of water. (bowl) A thousand bowls of water. ( 100) A hundred bowls of water. (bucket) A hundred buckets of water. (5) Five buckets of water. (6) Six buckets of water. (spoon) Six spoonfuls of water. (2) Two spoonfuls of water. (glass) Two glasses of water. ( 1,000) A thousand glasses of water. (bottle) A thousand bottles of water. (spoon) A thousand spoonfuls of water.

naam phan chS::>n.

21.6 Vowel and consonant drills. a. a-aa contrast drill. hilt haat

hak haak

b. Substitution drill.

phaa phaa phaa baan baan baan p1:11:1n pl:lttn pttttn

phii. paa. bim. bim. paa. phii. phii. paa. bim.

(paa) (bim) (baan) l)

Things. To buy things.

saay

Sand.

met

A seed. A 'kernel' of something.

sen

A line. A 'string' of something.

ph~n

A 'sheet' of something.

bay

A leaf.

lfiuk

A 'ball' of something.

bin luuk hin

Rock, stone. A marble.

A classifier* for 'kernel' like things. A classifier for 'string' like things.

A classifier for 'sheet' like things.

A classifier for containers (dishes, glasses, etc.). A classifier for 'ball' like thi,ngs.

17

lmt.J.l!> lflHftft~,tNt.h~ lufl

,unu-u~1n"'ui11lJ

VINl'W lJU'f'l1l

ith ~ rnn"'u i11lJ

fl'W'Ul1 lJLn''l1l

0

~

,u~n'Un,m"'uiMlJ

411

I

.!!

,

5I

=I

'

i'

=I

fh,nuilli; lth~rn ill,; 411

"'

o

fJ~VIl~ltJ

\l'W11~ L11lJD'WfltJ

,

I

d

lJ1n'11l

lJ1N v"'~ ill}h

ii'uill L'Ui '111 111~nunCiiu

"', I ! fJ~

v"'~ iJJi;t'lllJ L'\Jl

18

•aassifters. There are three different ways of counting things in English. Unit Substance I. a day (of time) 2. a bottle of beer 3. a (rod of) pencil In the first type, the unit implies the 'substance' (a day doesn't measure anything besides time), and the substance isn't mentioned.

In the second type, both unit and substance must be mentioned since, for example, a bottle measures things other than beer, and beer can come in units other than bottles. In the third type, the word for the substance implies the unit. Iron can come in sheets, rods, balls, etc., but pencils only in 'rods'. The unit isn't mentioned. • There are, however, a few words in English that are like type three in meaning but type two in form: a head of lettuce, a head of cattle, a sheet of paper, a stick of dynamite, a pair of scissors. Thai has only types one and two. When counting things in Thai, the unit (classifier) must always be mentioned: 2 rods of pencil, 2 rolls of cigarette, 2 bodies of dog. The following dialogue might help illustrate the function of classifiers. speaker ends up grasping for a classifier that doesn't exist.

An English

How much is lettuce? Five dollars a case. How much a head? We don't sell them by the head. And how much are cigarettes? Thirty cents a pack. And how much apiece? We don't sell them by the (?).

ll.l Patterns. pay kin khaaw kan may. pay thiaw kan may. pay s{ut kh~)l) kan may.

Shall• we go eat together? Shall we go out (on the town) together? Shall we go shopping together?

chan chan chan chlln

I'm hungry, too. I'm free, too. I don't understand, either. I live on Soi 6, too.

hiw li£w mliankan. wbiJ mlfankan. may khawcay m{tankan. yuu thii s:x>y hok m\lankan.

tham IJaan may set. kin khaaw may set. tham l)aan may day. pay thiaw may day.

I haven't finished working. I haven't finished eating. 1 can't work. I can't go out.

yag yag yal) yag

I haven't finished workil\8 yet. I'm not free yet. I'm not hungry yet. I haven't asked him yet.

tham gaan may set. may waaiJ. may hiw. may day thiiam khaw.

(More.)

19

tJ -i 'U111ll'Ul1lH

91 .... -i 'U11N~1ll'Ul1'U-.1 ~ 91 -i

'U1Llfl1l1'U-.1 ¥:

91

-i

'UllJ~'U11 Llfl1l1'U-.1

91

....

91

....

'U11N~1Hl-.11ll'U 91

'll11N~l111ll'U

~!lim .en

unaunu1

n. H1Jihml'1, itJnwui1n"'uimJ

fl.

• 1:> thii nian ?aahaan mi. I'll go wait for you at the restaurant. Okay. B. toklolJ. I'll join you in a few minutes. diaw phOm ca taam pay.

A.

A.

khun ca kin ?aray baag. ph6m ca sal) hay. B.

22.4 a.

What do you want to eat? I'll order for you. I'll have a plate of fried rice, and a glass of limeade.

?aw khaaw phat caan nYIJ, J{ew k5 nam manaaw k€.:w nl:IIJ. Tone identification and production.

Identify the tones and record the number of repetitions required for each. Cheese. To compare. Custard apple. Trees. Sa thorn.

khel) priap thiap n:>:>ynaa ton maay saath:>:>n n~~Y

21

t11V,11lJ t11V "t

~

I

LlJ 111 tll1"l f) t11V, \'ll,lJ11~,,jt11V

fl. cJ ""' cJ ll1'U'n"l1Vfl UJ"

cJ " "" Ll1uun1nlu

cJ

d " lU Ll1'UUfl111fl

cJ

Ll1'U'n11Vl1fl UJ"

Ll1d 'U \1 fll1oq 'U fl"" ~ fl

""' , 1l1cJ 'U HlJ flL t1'U

cJ

" ll1cJ 'U HlJ l1fll t1'U

cJ

""

"'

I

111\.Afl"j~"ll!lfl UH'U d

oq

m u" n11u 11n" n

I

Ll1'Ufll~~ll!I'Hfl UH'U

22

'U

b. Respoase drlli. (Notice especially how stress affects the tones.) dii may. dii. may dii 1~. dii. thammay ca mly dii.

Is it good? Yes. It's no good, huh 'l Sure it is. What makes you think it isn't?

yuu may. yuu. mly yuu 15~. yuu. thammay ca mly yuu.

Is he here? Yes. He's not here, huh? Sure he is. What makes you think he isn't?

day may. day. may diy ~~~.

Can you do it? Yes. You can't do it, huh? Sure I can. What makes you think I can't?

day. thammay ca mly day.

r5:>n may. r5:ln. may r5:ln

~~~.

I

r.JJn.

thammay ca may

r:S~n.

suay may. suay. may suay ~~~. sikly. thammay ca may sliay.

Is it hot? Yes. Ifs not hot, huh? Sure it is. What makes you think it isn't? Is she pretty? Yes. She's not pretty, huh? Sure she is. What makes you think she isn't?

U.S Tone manipulation.

a. Response drill. hen saay kii met. hen saay hok met. h~n

phom kii sen. h~n phom hok sen.

hen kradaat kii pbln. hen kradaat hok phen

How many grains of sand do you see? I see six grains of sand. How many hairs do you see? I see six hairs. How many sheets of paper do you see? I see six sheets of paper.

h~n

k£ew kii bay. h~n Uew hok bay.

How many glasses do you see? I see six glasses.

h~n

luuk bin kii IOuk. hen IOuk bin hok IOuk.

How many marbles do you see? I see six marbles.

b. Response drUJ.

Do the above drill with

the answer 'two:

c. Response driU. Do the above drill with the answer 'five:

23

~

l!!>le.b

~

~

~

UlJ1JtHl\1~01ltltlOU1tJUfl::Uil::VitJtlJ'If\t~

n. n'lU

"'·

91

t1-3'VltllJ



1~1

("t>V)

91

( 11~-3)

tH"tlfJ



'11

(~lV)

t1-3L1~-3



~11

91 ~1011~-3 91 91 ~1VfltlfJ 91 ~lV'VltllJ

91

.

91

(l11fl)

91 ...

(L,f,i1J)

91

'l1lflUo1

"'

91

i.

91

L'\11 'iHn11 --!

91

--!

( L'lfJU)

1'lfJU1H11

(~\?\)

91 ~\?lmn "'! 91

(ol-1)

"

UJJLLU1

("t!V)

( 'YI tllJ)

--! 91 L~tl-3~t1U

( LL~-3)

(L"U-3)

91~

l11LLo1

"'!

(ill)

itJml'1

24

91

L" fJ -3 'VI tllJ

--!

n.

--!

("t!fJ)

--! L"U~ LL~-3

22.6 Vowel and coosonant drills. a.

ay-aay and aw-aaw contrast drills.

say saay

khaw khaaw

b. Substitution drill.

thuiJ th:>:>m. (t5y) thUIJ tSy. (dEEIJ) thUIJ dEE!). (daay) daay dee!J. (t5y) daay t5y. (th:>:>m) daay th~m. (tiaiJ) tialJ th:>:>m. ( t5y) tiaiJ t5y. (duiJ) tial) dEEIJ•

Tom's sack. (Toy) Toy's sack. (Daeng) Daeng's sack. (thread) Daeng's thread. (Toy) Toy's thread. (Tom) Tom's thread. (bed) Tom's bed. (Toy) Toy's bed. (Daeng) Daeng's bed.

22.7 Grammar drills. a.

Substitution drill.

hiw I{ew. (ruucak) ruucak lEEw. (khi'lwcay) khawcay leew. (rian) rian Ilew. (phUut) phuut I{ew. (hnmt) hutm IEEW. (pay) pay leew. '

I'm already hungry. (know) I already know him. (understand) I already understand. (study) I've already studied it. (speak) I've already spoken. (forget) I've already forgotten. (go) He's gone.

b. Substitution drill.

yal) tham l)aan may set. (kin khaaw)

I haven't finished work yet. (eat)

yal) kin khaaw may set. (phuut thoorasap)

I haven't finished eating yet. (phone)

yal) phuut thoorasap may set. (rian phasaa thay)

1 haven't finished phoning yet. (study Thai)

yal) rian phasaa thay may set. (phuut kap khllw)

I haven't finished studying Thai yet. (speak to him)

yal) phUut kap khaw may set.

I haven't finished speaking to him yet.

(Slil:l kh'5:>1J)

(buy things)

I haven't finished shopping yet.

25

,U~~0.,1J LtUlO.,'U,l1lJ ( L;O'Ufll)Jl 1no) ,J,tf, fJ~l~fJ'UflUn ,YifJ,,jlft~"il

,tf~aeutHO.,'U,l1lJ (~~ln1tTVi~) ,ll,u, o.,~~~ln-,tf.... ~,JLtt;il ~.

~~ ,tl.,a~nuall1ll

c~tll'UfJfl)

26

c. Respoa$e drill. pay kin khaaw kan may. (tham gaan) miy pay. yag tham gaan mAy set.

pay tham ~aan kan may. {kin khiaw)

miy pay.

Shall we go eat? (work) No. I haven't finished work yet. Shall we go to work? (eat)

No.

I haven't finished eating yet.

yag kin khiaw miy set. pay rian phasla thay kan may. (pMut kap khaw) may pay. yag philut kap khaw may set.

Shall we go study Thai? (taUc to him) No. I haven't finished talking to him yet.

pay phQut kap khaw kan may. (rian phasaa thay) may pay. yag rian phasaa thay may set.

Shall we go talk to him? (study Thai) No. I haven't finished studying Thai yet.

pay Stitt kh5ol) kan may. (phQut thoorasap) may pay. yag phQut thoorasap may set.

Shall we go shopping? (make a phone call)

No.

1 haven't fmished phoning yet.

d. Substitution drilL ca pay r~ thii raan ?aahaan. (sathilanthOut)

I'll go wait at the restaurant. (Embassy)

ca pay r:>:> thii sathaanthuut. (baan khun yaiJ)

I'll go wait at the Embassy. (Mr. Young's house)

ca pay r:r.> thii baan khun yag. (roogrian)

I'll go wait at Mr. (school)

ca pay r:>:> thii roogrian. (thii tham gaan)

I'll go wait at the school. (the office)

ca pay r:>:> thii thii tham gaan. (roogrum ?eerawan)

I'll go wait at the office. (the Erawan Hotel)

ca pay r:r.> thii roogrnm 7eerawan.

I'll go wait at the Erawan Hotel.

Young's house.

e. Substitution drilL ca ca ca ca ca ca ca

kin ?aray biag. (tham) tham ?aray baalJ. (phuut) phOut 7aray biag. (kh3:>) kh3:> 7aray bialJ. (thilam) thaam ?aray bial). (chQay) chuay ?aray baalJ. (st:it1) stit.t 7aray baal).

What all do you want to eat? (do) What are you going to do? (say) What are you going to say? (ask for) What are you going to ask for'? (ask) What are you going to ask? (help) What are you going to help me do? (buy) What are you going to buy?

27

I!! 1.1 .c:J

n tll 1'f1lJ llJ~ ( L'lii)

l-10 llJ~ ( L'lii)

l1fl1lJ~fl~~

tlllJ llJ~ftlJ\.11~ ((JltltH,$,)

((JltltH,f,)

llJ~L,f,

~llJ~

"" !II .q ( "n tH'ln) 'JI 1lJ~1'ftJl11Ull'l

'm llJ~

nn~ llJ~ ( LaJl)

1

~"" .q !II) nn~ lJ~V1'ftJU1l'l ((JID'UL'l11

mnn

Lnv

28

(L,$,) (L,$,)

~ Ll'ltJ~

~ ~ Ll'ltJ~fl'l~

22.8 Time of day. 6:00a.m. 6:30a.m. 7:00a.m. 7:15 a.m. 8:00a.m. 8:20a.m. 9:00a.m. 9:10a.m. 10:00 a.m. II :00 a.m. 12:00 noon 12:30 p.m.

hok moog (chaaw) hOk moog khrQg (toon chaaw) moog chaaw moog sip baa naathii (toon chaaw) s'5~IJ moog (chaaw) ~ moog yii sip naathii (bon chaaw) saam moog (chaaw) saam moog sip naathii (bon chaaw) sli moolJ (chaaw) baa mooiJ (chaaw) thiag thialJ khrQlJ

Practice reading the following times without the parenthesized parts. Try to get the time under SO seconds. 12:15 p.m. 9:00a.m. 6:10a.m. 11:20 a.m. 7:00a.m.

10:20 a.m. 8:00a.m. 9:10a.m. 12:00 noon 7:15 a.m.

11:00 a.m. 8:20a.m. 6:00a.m. 10:15 a.m. 9:30a.m.

6:15a.m. 12:20 p.m. 7:10a.m. 8:30a.m. 11:00 a.m.

7:00a.m. 10:00 a.m. 9:15a.m. 11:30 a.m. 6:20a.m.

22.9 Conversation. The teacher should read the narrative of lesson 10 (Book 1) to the students and ask them the questions.

22.10 Writing.

):):)y

d:):)D

k~:)t

... at all.

To walk.

To be born .

There are three ways of writing the vowel aa depending on whether it has no ftnal, y, or any other final.

(More.) 29

~

1ttn.J

LlHHl

iWU

lt'Hl

lfcm ..,

L'lfl

11~

(lfl ..,

LUfl

IIJfijtJ

'\11~

LtJ\.l

IIJfijlJ

fll~

L'\1\.l

""

\.ll~

L'\1 tJ

lUll

'H\.ll~

mu

'Hfl

r-h~

(ll£1

'H~

rh~

m~

U1f1

'H(ll~

Hl11fl

'W(ll~

tn~

q

Lfl\.l q

nu q

lU~

qj

q

l'rf(l~

q

Ll'f(l'U

q

q

q

q

30

~

Lfl@l

k~;)t

GJrDU

•ch5:>p

~flU

chj:>p

LV\~D

··~;)

~

LflU

k;);)fi

A

L~D

)::>m

AI

blJ@l

*p~;)t

AI

LtJCU, V\fl

,"

p~~n

*hok

A

LVi~fl A

b~~cu,

phl=n

31

kM:m

kh~;)y

*l~;,y

q

'

l!lm

lJYIYl o

ffl

f!

t., en • _, fll fftl

--4 c!

mJ

fl10 ..t

L~W1

mJ

11W7 d

..t

--4 c!

fl10L~W1

,

duo"'-3 1-3

1

d

wuwu d

d

Luo·nouwu d

U'U.:J

"

~ .., LU'U0-3 .:JUH

't:

d

'UlU'U-3

I

61()0

'UtnJ

I --4 ()')()fj~

~

1J-3 ~

'U'UlJU-3

1rn1::

-q

rnn

l1()lJ

'V'an 1-vw

rw

""

lfl'Cl f)

'

"\

()lJ 'UlJ 'ifl

(?lltJ

t

Ul'ifl

r

'Ulf!Ul

n1u.W

"

fllU.WL~'U

010 I

'YllJ



32

LESSON 23 ll.l

V®abalary and expansions.

kuay tiaw kuaytiaw

Noodles.

pen yal)l)ay pen yaiJIJay baaiJ

How is it? How are you? How are its various aspej::ts? (If asking about food, for example, 'How is its saltiness, sourness, hotness, etc.?')

7arjy

To taste good. To taste good.

7ar~y

dii

phr5 1

To sound good.

h~m

To smell good, fragrant.

ph:>:>

Enough.

?im

T.o have eaten enough, to be full.

chaa m\m chaa

Tea (the product or the drink). Tea (the drink).

kaafee kaafee yen

Coffee. Iced coffee.

bia yen yen bia yenyen

Beer. To be judged cold. Cold beer. Compare this with kaafee yen, 'iced coffee'. The reduplicated adjective involves the speaker's feelings. With kaafee yen, he is using yen to identify one of two kinds of coffee. But with the beer it is another matter: his iudgement of the temperature continuum is involved. If the iced coffee isn't cold enough for him, however, he can make his feelings known by saying '?aw yenyen njy. nii may yen ~~~y.'

khE'I) m\m khEI)

To be hard. Ice.

khan om pal) khanompaiJ

Pastry, sweets, dessert. Bread.

phrik phrik thay

Peppers, chilies. Pepper.

khta

Salt.

nom

Milk, cream.

taan namtaan

Sugar.

thftay

A cup.

thum

O'clock (used only with hours from evening to midnight).

33

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e. Substitution drill. kh5;, nam khEI) ?iik kfew nttl) thawmin. (?oolial))

Just bring me another glass of ice water. (iced coffee)

kh3;, ?oolial) ?iik keew ntllJ thawm\n. (khaaw)

Just bring me another glass of iced colfee. (rice)

kh);, khaaw ?iik caan ntllJ thawmln. (kEEW)

Just bring me another plate of rice. (glass)

kh5:> keew ?lik bay nttlJ thawnan. (bia)

Just bring me another glass. (beer)

kh3:> bia ?iik khuat nttl) thawnan.

Just bring me another bottle of beer.

f. Response drill. may ?aw bia baalJ I:S~. (nam khliJ) may ?aw. kh3:> nam khelJ ?iik k€ew nliiJ thawnan.

Don't you want some beer? (ice water) No. Just bring me another glass of ice water.

may ?aw khiaw baalJ I:S~. (bia) may ?aw. kh~:> bia ?iik khuat nliiJ thawnan.

Don't you want some rice? (beer) No. Just bring me another bottle of beer.

may 'law ktew baal) l:S~. may 'law. kh3:> thuay ?iik bay RliiJ thawnan.

Don't you want some glasses'! (cup) No. Just bring me another cup.

(thuay)

may ?aw khaaw phat bialJ I:S~. (kaafee) may ?aw. kh3:> kaafee ?iik thOay nttl) thawnan.

Don't you want some fried rice? (coffee) No. Just bring me another cup of coffee.

23.8 Time of day. 7:00 p.m. thum nttl) 7:10 p.m. thum sip naathii 7:45 p.m. ?lik sip baa naathii SJJI) thiim 8:00 p.m. sJ:>tJ thum 8:35 p.m. ?iik yii sip haa naathii siiam thum saam thum 9:00 p.m. 9:50 p.m. ?iik sip naathii sii thOrn 10:30 p.m. sii thOrn khrQIJ II :55 p.m. ?iik haa naathii s~JI) yaam 12:00 mid. s5Jl) yaam 12:30 a.m. s5:>1J yaam khrtiiJ Practice reading the following times. Try to get the time under I minute. 12:10 a.m 7:15 p.m. 12:00 p.m. 8:40 p.m. 10:05 p.m. 9:55 p.m. 11:00 p.m. 7:45 p .• n. 10:30 p.m. 8:00p.m. 10:00 p.m. 6:45 p.m. 9:00 p.m. II :50 p.m. 7:00 p.m. 6:35 p.m. 10:35 p.m. 8:30 p,m. 9:25 p.m. II :20 p.m. 12:20 a.m. 8:20 p.m. 12:30 a.m. 7:05 p.m. 9:30 p.m.

23.9 Conversation. The teacher should read the narrative of lesson 15 (Book I) to the students and ask them the que$tions,

43

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At didn't greet Younger One, huh? Yes she did. At greeted Younjer One in the morning,

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a. Response .drill. mii saay kii met. mii saay siam met. chay kradaat kii phh.

How many grains of sand do you have? I have three grains of sand. How many sheets of paper did you use? I used three sheets of paper. How many hairs did you see? I saw three hairs. How many marbles did you get? I got three marbles. How many glasses did you order? I ordered three glasses.

chay kradaat siam ph~n. h!n ph6m kii sen. hen phom siam sen. day luuk hin kli luuk. day lOuk hin saam IOuk. sag keew kii bay. sal) kEEW siam bay.

b. Response clrill. Same as above but answer with 'five'. e. Subsdtution drill. day saay sii met. (kradaat)

I got four grains of sand; (paper)

day day day hen hen hen hen

I got four I got four I got four I saw four I saw four I saw four I saw four

kradaat sii phEn. (kE'ew) kEew sii bay. (IOuk hin) IOuk hin sii luuk. (hen) Hiuk hin sii luuk. (phom) phom sli sen. (kradaat) kradaat sli ph&n. (saay) saay sii met. (k~ew)

sheets of paper. (glass) glasses. (marbles) marbles. (see) marbles. (hair) hairs. (paper) sheets of paper. (sand) grains of sand. (glass)

I saw four glasses.

hen ktew sii bay.

24.6 Vowel and consonant drills. a. ay-aay and aw-aaw contrast drills. nay naay

b. Final p-t-k-1 contrast drills. y(tp yut yuk 24.7

khay khaay

raw raaw

khitw khaaw kap

yu?

kat

Grammar drills.

a. Subsdtudon drill. mia th~t. (kay) kay th~t. (kfig) kfiiJ th~t. (plaa) plaa th~t. (muu) muu th~t. (lop) muu 'lop. (nMa) nita 'lop. (kay) kay 'lop.

Fried beef, steak. (chicken) Fried chicken. (shrimps) Fried shrimps. (fish) Fried fish. (pork) Fried pork. (toast) Roast pork. (beef) Roast beef. (chicken) Roast chicke~r.

53

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54

b. Substitution clrill.

kug kay. (ntia) kEeg ntia. (phat) phat phat phat phat he IJ keel)

mia. (mi'lu) muu. (kQIJ) kiliJ. (phet) phet. (heiJ) phet. (citttt) ctlttt.

Chicken curry. (beef) Beef curry. (a fried mixture) Fried beef and vegetables. (pork) Fried pork and vegetables. (shrimps) Fried shrimps and vegetables. (hot) A hot fried mixture. (curry) Hot curry. (tasteless) Thai soup.

c. Substitution drill. wannii may t5g tham ?aahian yen. (pay talaat)

You don't have to cook dinner today. (go to the market)

wan nii may t5g pay talaat. (tham gaan)

You don't have to go to the market today. (work)

wan nii may t51J tham gaan. (rian phasAa thay)

You don't have to work today. (study Thai)

wan nii may t51J rian phasb thay. (pay sinl kh~:>IJ)

You don't have to study Thai today. (go shopping)

wan nii may t51J pay slht kh3':>g.

You don't have to go shopping today.

d. Substitution drill. raw ca pay kin kha!J n5:>k. (thii baan khun yag)

We're going to eat out. (at Mr. Young's house}

raw ca pay kin thii baan khun yaiJ. (thii raan ?aah!an nik)

We're going to eat at Mr. Young's house. (at Nick's Restaurant)

raw ca pay kin thii raan ?aahaan nlk. (khaiJ n5:>k)

We're going to eat at Nick's Restaurant. (out)

raw ca pay kin khal) n5:>k. (thii thii tham IJaan) raw ca pay kin thii thii tham IJaan.

We're going to eat out. (at the office) We're going to eat at the office.

e. Substitution drill. thaa maa may day ca thoo maa b;):>k. (pay thiaw)

If I can't come, I'll phone and tell you. (go out)

thia pay thiaw may day ca thoo maa ~k. (tham gaan)

If I can't go out, I'll phone and tell you. (work)

thAa tham gaan may day ca thoo maa b;):>k. (rian phasia thay)

If ( can't work, I'll phone and tell you. (study Thai)

thia rian phaslla thay may day ca thoo maa b:,:>k. (stitt witthayu ?)

If 1 can't study Thai. l'll phone and tell you. (buy a radio)

thia s¥tt witthayu 1 may day ca thoo maa ~k.

If I can't buy a radio, I'll phone and tell you.

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56

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f. Substitution drill. plu waa ca klap maa kin. (pay kin khalJ n5:>k)

It means I'll come home to eat. (go eat out)

plee waa ca pay kin khal) n5:>k. (tham IJaan thii baan)

It means I'll go out to eat. (work at home)

piEe Waa Ca tham IJ8an thii baan. (pay haa khun praSOIJ)

It means I'll work at home. (go sec Khun Prasong)

waa

plee ca pay haa khun praSOIJ. (may yuu thii thii tham IJaan)

"aa

It means I'm going to go see Khun Prasong. (not be at the office) lt means I won't be at the office.

plu ca may yuu thii thii tham IJaan.

24.8 Time of day. 12:45 a.m. 1:00 a.m. I:!Oa.m. 2:00a.m. 2:30a.m. 3:00a.m. 3:35a.m. 4:05a.m. 4:55a.m. 5:50a.m.

?iik sip haa naathii tii nitiJ tii nKIJ tii nitiJ sip naathii tii ~IJ ti i s5:>1J khrit IJ tii saam ?iik yii sip haa naathii tii s)i tii sii haa naathii ?iik baa naathii tii him ?iik sip naathii hok mooiJ (chaaw)

Practice reading the following times. 3:00a.m. 12:35 a.m. 2:45 a.m. 1:00 a.m.

4:40a.m. 2:15a.m. 5:30a.m. I :20 a.m.

Try to get the time under 45 seconds.

5:00 a.m. 3:45 a.m. I :30 a.m. 4:00a.m.

I :55 a.m. 3:30a.m. 4:05a.m. 2:30a.m.

12:50 a.m. 2:00a.m. 3:25a.m. 5:50a.m.

24.9 Conversation. The teacher should read the narrative of lesson 20 (Book I) to the students. student should then ask the teacher questions as suggested below. thaa .................. yaak day .................. , khaw tSIJ tham yaiJ 9ay. thaa .................. yitak ca hay .............................. , khaw t51) tham Y&IJI)&y.

57

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L'Hnnn t thii noon rot C~:>t yuu thii noon

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sia Iaay laay wan IEew sia maa laay wan llew

To be spoiled, out of order. Several. Several days now. It has been out of order for several days now. maa, like yuu, adds a tense-like meaning to the main verb. It suggests a passage of the verb's meaning coming through a time period up until now. 'It has been out of order coming through several days up to now.' Compare this with rot sla yuu. Here the focus is not on the period of time that the car has been out of order, but rather on the fact that the car is out of order now and our present actions are affected (we'll have to take a bus).

To repair, make right, to correct. kE'e ?aw pay kEe To take for repairs. ?aw pay Ue yaiJ may set I took it to be fixed, but it isn't ready yet. not finished.' kbap kbap r6t ?eel) khap ?eeiJ khap r6t ?eeiJ

To drive. To drive a car. Self. To do one's own driving. I drive the car myself.

pen way day

To be mentally able, to know how. To be physically able, to be up to. To be able, to have permission.

naan (More.)

To be long in time.

69

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?aa

Father's younger sibling, aunt, uncle. (Because of translation difficulties, this will usually be refe1red to as Ah in English transla· tions of drills.)

naa

Mother's younger sibling, aunt, uncle. Nah (see above). Note that one's parents' older siblings are differentiated by the sex of the person {luiJ, paa) while the younger siblings are differentiated by the sex of the parent.

p5:m

To feed someone.

phaE

To lose to someone (as in a game).

?athit

Week.

dttan

Month.

raay kaan raaykaan raaykaan ?aahaan

A list of items. Menu.

tal) sataaiJ khlt khit tal)

The usual pronunciation of sataau. One-hundredth of a baht. Money. To figure, think. Figure up the bill.

part

26.2 Patterns. th~y rot may pen. co:>t rot may pen. khap rot may pen. khap rot may day. khap rot may way.

I don't know how to back up a car. I don't know how to park a car. I don't know how to drive a car.

kMw ca khap rot maa rap khun. chan ca khap rot pay rap khaw.

He'll drive here and pick you up. I'll drive there and pick him up.

thoorasap sia. witthayu? sia. nom sia. ?aaha.an sia.

The phone is out of order. The radio doesn't work. The milk is sour. The food is spoiled.

I can't drive (I don't have a license). I can't drive (I'm feeling too weak).

I've been waiting for several days now. chan kh:>:>y maa laay wan liEw. chan may day phOp khaw maa naan IE'£w. I haven't seen him for a long time. The car has been out of order for a long time now. rot sia maa naan IE'Ew. chan ?eel). khun ?ee1J· khilw 'leeiJ.

I myself. You yourself. He himself.

chan tham ?eel). khun tham ?eeiJ. khaw tham ?eeiJ.

I did it myself.

You did it yourself. He did it himself.

71

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B. ph1aw. phom khap may pen.

16.4

It's parked over there. Parking isn't allowed here. Never mind.

phOm ca d:>:>n pay kap khun. rot phom sia maa laay wan l!aw.

A. khun khap rot 7eeiJ

You stand here and wait. (knn implies 'while I go'.) ru come pick you up in a minute.

I'll walk along with you. My car has been out of order for several days now. I took it to be fixed, but it isn't ready yet. Do you do your own driving? No. l can't drive.

Tone identification and production.

a. identify the tones and record the number of repetitions required. To research. Chiang Mai. Pomelo. Village. Hua Hin.

khon khwaa chiaiJ may

............... .. .. .. .. .. .. . . .

.. ............ . .. ........... ..

som ?oo muu baan hua hin

b. Response driU. prachum ttlan ?aa chay may. may chay. ?aa ttlan prachum.

Prachum warned Ah, didn't he? No. Ah warned Prachum.

bj:>k puu chay may. may chay. puu b?>:>k pras~:>t.

Prasert told Grandpa, didn't he? No. Grandpa told Prasert.

pra~:>t

praphaat phuut kap paa chay may. Prapart talked to Auntie, didn't he? may chfly. paa phOut kap praphaat. No. Auntie talked to Prapart. prasOfJ thaam paa chay may. may chay. paa thaam praSOr.J.

Prasong asked Papa, didn't he? No. Papa asked Prasong.

praphat thilk: mia ch8y may. may chay. naa thak praphat.

Prapat greeted Nah, didn't he? No. Nah greeted Prapat.

73

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74

26.! Tone maaipalatiou. a. Substitution drill. rnii may.

mia. mii nwa may. (kay)

Do Do Do Do Do Do Do Do Do Do

mii may. kay. mii kay may. (kug) mii may.

kug. mii kug may. (h~n)

h~n

may. kug.

h~n

kug may. (n"lia)

h~n

may. nlia.

h~n

nlia may. (say)

Shall I put in some? Beef, that is. Shall I put in some beef? (pork) Shall I put in some pork? (like) Do you like pork? (buy) Do you want to buy pork? (fish) Do you want to buy fish? (have) Do you have any fish? (pork) Do you have any pork? (see) Do you see any pork? (fish) Do you see any fish? (put in) Shall I put in some fish? (like) Do you like fish? (chicken) Do you like chicken? (buy) Do you want to buy chicken? (shrimps) Do you want to buy shrimps? (beeO Do you want to buy beef? (like) Do you like beef? (shrimps) Do you like shrimps? (put in) Shall I put in some shrimps 7 (chicken) Shall I put in some chicken? (see) Do you see any chicken?

say may. nlia. say ntia may. (miiu) say may. miiu. say miiu may. (ch~p) miiu. ch~p muu may. (sh) Slfll may. muu. SHtt muu may. (pJaa) SHtl may. plaa. SHW plaa may. (mii) mii may. plaa. mii plaa may. (muu) mii may. muu. mii muu may. (Mn) h!n may. miiu. h~n muu may. (plaa) h~n may. plaa. Mn p!"''l may. (say) say may. plaa. say plaa may. (ch~p) ch~p may. plaa. ch~p plaa may. (kay) cb5:)p may. kay. ch~p kay may. (stlw) SHW may. kay. SttW kay may. (kug) SHW may. kQg. sittt kOg may. (nata) slitt may. ntia. SHit nlia may. (ch5:;,p) ch~p may. ntia. ch~p n'lla may. (ktig) ch5:;,p may. ktig. ch5::)p kOIJ may. (say) say may. kOIJ. say kuiJ may. (kay) say may. kay. say kay may. (h~n) h~n may. kay. hen kay may. ch~p may.

16.6 Vowel and consonant drills. a. e-ee and o-oo contrast drills. het beet

you have any 1 Beef, that is. you have any beef? (chicken) you have any? Chicken, that is. you have any chicken? (shrimps) you have any? Shrimps, that is. you have any shrimps 1 (see) you see any? Shrimps, that is. you see any shrimps? (beef) you see any? Beef, that is. you see any beef? (put in)

sot soot

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b. Transformation drill.

(p, b, and ph ).

him bO:lk paa. paa b;)ok him.

Bim told Auntie. Auntie told Bim.

paa pSon him. bim pSon paa.

Auntie fed Bim. Bim fed Auntie.

bam pS:m puu. puu pSon bam.

Berm fed Grandpa. Grandpa fed Berm.

puu rook bam. bam bO:lk puu.

Grandpa told Berm, Berm told Grandpa.

phS:> phE'e paa. paa phle ph5o.

Father lost to Auntie. Auntie lost to Father.

paa p5on ph5o. ph5o p5on paa.

Auntie fed Father. Father fed Auntie.

phii p5on puu. puu p5on phii.

Older One fed Grandpa. Grandpa fed Older One.

puu ph~e phii. phii phle puu.

Grandpa lost to Older One. Older One lost to Grandpa.

26.7 Grammar drills. a. Substitution drill. rot sia maa laay wan Ie'ew. (?aahaan)

The car has been out of order for several days now. (food)

'laahaan sia maa laay wan Ilew. (naan)

The food has been spoiled for several days now. (long time)

?aahaan sia maa naan Ie'ew. (pratuu)

The food has been spoiled for a long time now. (door)

. maa naan 1, pratuu sta eew. ( 7athit nttl))

The door has been broken for a long time now. (a week)

pratuu sia maa ?athit nttl) Ilew. (witthayu 7)

The door has been broken for a week now. (radio)

witthayu? sia maa 7athit ntli) J{ew. (s~OIJ dttan)

The radio has been out of order for a week now. (two months)

witthayu 7 sia maa s5ol) dttan Je'ew. (thvorasap)

The radio has been out of order for two

thoorasap sia maa s3olJ dttan Jlew. (rot)

The telephone has been out of order for two months now. (car)

rot sia maa s;olJ dttan tlew.

The car has been out of order for two months now.

months now. (telephone)

77

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78

b. Response drill. c:,:>t thii nii. thii nii c:.Ot rot may day.

Park here. Parking isn't allowed here.

C:,:>t thii siiytek. thii siiy!ek C:.Ot rot may day.

Park at the intersection. Parking isn't allowed at the intersection.

c:,:>t thii noon. thii noon c:,:>t rot may day.

Park over there. You can't park over there.

khal) naa raan. khal) naa raan c:,:>t rot may day.

~:>t

Park in front of the shop. You can't park in front of the shop.

C:.Ot kha1J lalJ baan. khal) lal) baan ~t rot may day.

Park behind the house. You can't park behind the house.

c:.Ot thii talaat. thii talaat C:.Ot rot may day.

Park at the market. Parking isn't allowed at the market.

c. Response drill khray khap rot hay. chan kbap ?eel) ..

Who drives for you? I drive myself.

khray sal) ?aabaan hay. chan sill) ?eelJ.

Who ordered the food for you? I ordered it myself.

khray p~t pratuu hay. n. c~t tro!J nAa tuu yaam tamruat, chay may.

B. chAy. kh~pkhun mAak. A. ph6m ca kh:xly thii noon na.

I'll have to turn around first, then.

Stop right in front of the police box, right? Yes. Thanks a lot. I'll wait for you over there. Okay?

B. pay day leEW. may t51) khooy. A. thAa yafjgAn ca pay sath!anii r6t fay ?iik khrQJ) chuamootJ ca klap maa rap.

k~on.

You can go on. You don't have to wait. In that case J'Jl go on to the railway station. I'll come back and pick you up in half an hour.

B. may t5g, phr67 may nEe waa ca klap mQaray. pay theksii dii kwaa.

That won1t be necessary. Because I'm not sure when I'll be going back. It's better that I take a taxi. 87

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27.4 Tone identification ancl production. a.

Identify the tones and record the number of repetitions required. Korat.

khooraat

Litchi, lichee nuts.

lincii

Pen.

pakkaa

Dress shirt. Skin. b.

phiw nalJ

Response drill.

hay ?aa tttan prachum. ?aa ttlan prachum n~y day may, ?aa.

Have Ah remind Prachum. Can you remind Prachum, Ah?

hay puu trnk pra~01t. puu b~k pras~.,t n:,y day may, puu.

Have Grandpa tell Prasert. Can you tell Prasert, Grandpa?

hay paa phuut kap praphaat. Have Auntie speak to Prapart. pia phiiut ka praphiat n:,y day may, pia. Can you speak to Prapart, Auntie? hay pia thaam prasoiJ. pia thiam praSOIJ nJy day may. paa.

Have Papa ask Prasong. Can you ask Prasong, Papa?

hay naa thak praphat. naa tbak praphat nJy day may, naa.

Have Nah greet Prapat. Can you greet Prapat, Nah ?

27.5 Tone manipulation. a. Response drill. mia kii tua. hen maa siam tua.

h~n

How many dogs do you see? I see three dogs.

sNw bia kli khuat. sliw bia siam khuat.

How many bottles of beer did you buy? 1 bought three bottles of beer.

?aan nal)siiH kii lem. ?itan nal)stitt siam lem.

How many books did you read? I read three books.

sill) yaa ki i met. Sal) yaa saam met.

How many pills did you order? I ordered three pills.

mii baan kii lalJ. mii baan siam lalJ.

How many houses do you have? I have three houses.

sthl kEEw kii bay. slttt keEw siam bay.

How many glasses did you buy? I bought three glasses.

day kradaat kii ph!n. day kradaat saam phEn.

How many sheets of paper did you get? I got three sheets of paper.

khiay kal)keeg kii tua. )Uliay kagkeeiJ siam tua.

How many pairs of trousers did you sell? I sold three pairs of trousers.

89

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Fried eggs ('star' eggs). khay daaw To scald. lfiak Ve1y soft boiled eggs. , khay h1ak pll) To toast. sal at Salad. This is the first time the student has been asked to think, and at first his answers will be labored and his tones will tend to be destroyed. When this happens, the teacher should immediately give three fast repetitions of the correct answer and ask the question The student shouldn't again, and again, until the answer is correct and without hesitation. try to say things beyond his capability. If he doesn't know the Thai for something he wants to say, he can say riak may thuuk or may ruu phasaa thay riak waa ?aray, or he can stay within his vocabulary by lying.

95

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100

18.2 Pattens. rot r6t rot rot

yon siam khan . mee s~ khan. theksii baa khan. saaml:So sii khan •

Three automobiles. Two busses. Five taxis. Four samlors.

pay raan k:,:m, leew pay sathlianthiiut. pay thanaakhaan k:,:>n, !lew pay baan. kin bia k~n. Ilew kin khaaw. say namtaan k:,:>n, Ilew say nom. 7aw pay noon k:,:>n, l~ew 7aw maa nii.

First go to the shop, then to the Embassy. First go to the bank, then go home. First have some beer, then eat. Put sugar in first, then add cream. Take it there first, then bring it here.

naan may. ruucak kan naan may. phiiut kap khaw naan may.

Did you wait long? Have you known each other long? Did you talk with him long?

rawraaw rawraaw rawraaw rawraaw

About About About About

kh~y

h1ia naathii . yii sip wan. khrQIJ kt'ew. r5:>y baat.

pheet) pay, maak pay. yay pay. lek pay.

Too Too Too Too

five minutes. twenty days. half a glass. a hundred baht.

expensive. much. big. little.

28.3 Dialog.

A.

chQay riak saaml5:> hay n:ly. M:>k khit w waa pay blg ?ameerikaa b:m, tlew pay praysanii. B. t51J kh:>:>y naan may khrap. may naan. rawraaw baa naathii tbawnan.

A.

B. A.

khaw ca ?aw kii Mat. B.

A.

saaml5:> maa leew khrap.

sip Mat khrap. pheeg pay. thaam khaw waa pht bilat day may.

Please call me a samlor. Tell him to go to the Bank of America first, then to go to the post office. Will he have to wait long? No, not long. Only about five minutes. Here's the samlor. How much does he want? Ten baht. That's too much. Ask him if he'll take eight.

101

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102

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28.4 Tone identification and production. a. Identify the tones and record the number of repetitions required. Shoes.

r:>IJ thaaw

.. .. .. .. .. .

.. ........ ..

Husband.

saamii

..... . ......

. .......... .

To visit friends.

yiam phHan

To kneel.

khuk khaw

To be appropriate.

m:>? som

b. Response drill. chuay thiiam ?aa nJy mi waa prachum kin plaa thuu !lEw rit yal). prachum kin plaa thuu leew ni yalJ, 7aa.

Please ask Ah if Prachum has eaten the mackerel yet. Has Prachum eaten the mackerel yet, Ah?

chfiay thiiam puu nJy na waa pras:l:~t sal) kay ?op J{ew rtl yaiJ. praseet salJ kay ?op Je'ew ni yaiJ, puu.

Please ask Grandpa if Prasert has ordered the roast chicken yet. Has Prasert ordered the roast chicken yet, Grandpa?

chfiay thaam paa n:,y na waa praphaat th5:>t kftlJ hE'elJ le'ew rtl yalJ. praphaat th5:>t kfiiJ h€'e1J llew ni yalJ. paa.

Please ask Auntie if Prapart has fried the dried shrimps yet. Has Prapart fried the dried shrimps yet, Auntie?

chuay thaam naa n:,y na waa praphcit sitt1 nita phE? J{ew rti yalJ. praphat st11:1 n6a pht? l(ew rit yal), naa.

Please ask Nah if Prapat has bought the goat meat yet. Has Prapat bought the goat meat yet, Nah?

chfiay thiiam paa nJy na waa prasol) khaay muu waan l{ew rit yalJ. praSOI) khliay muu waan / ' I EEW ftl yaJJ, paa.

Please ask Papa if Prasong has sold the sweet pork yet. Has Prasong sold the sweet pork yet, Papa?

v

28.5 Tone manipulation. a. Response drill. rot s:l'JI) khan phJJ may. may ph:>J. 7aw siiam khan dii kwaa.

Will two cars be enough '! No. Better make it three.

yaa pht met ph:>J may. may phJJ, law kaaw met dii kwaa.

Will eight pills be enough'? No. Better make it nine.

baan saam li'i.IJ ph:>J may. may ph:>:>. 7aw sli liilJ dii kwita.

Will three houses be enough'? No. Better make it four.

kradaat hok phen ph:JJ may. may ph:>:>. ?aw cet phen dii kwaa.

Will six sheets of paper be enough? No. Better make make it seven.

nalJSMtl nts!J Iem ph:>:> may. may phJ:J. ?aw s5'JI) Jem dii kwaa.

Will one book be enough? No. Better make it two.

khay kaaw sip Haw luuk pb:>J may. may ph:>:>. ?aw r5:>y Juuk dii kwaa.

Will ninety nine eggs be enough? No. Better make it a hundred,

103

fl.

Yl' W 'U '\1. ' + 'lflJ'lf1 rJ u 111

U'\1 f)fl fl rJ 1fl"" rJ'l~::>n.

John grabbed Chote. Chote grabbed John.

chot cap cEW. cew cap ch6t.

Chote grabbed Jaeo. Jaeo grabbed Chote.

c::>::>n chftay chom. chom chflay c::>::>n.

John helped Chom. Chom helped John.

khhk kh::>::>y kiat. kiat kh::>::>y khhk.

Kaek waited for Kiat. Kiat waited for Kaek.

koo kaw khem. khem kaw koo.

Ko scratched Kern. Kem scratched Ko.

khem kaw kiat. kiat ka w khem.

Kern scratched Kiat. Kiat scratched Kern.

koo kh::>::>y khhk. khhk kh::>::>y koo.

Ko waited for Kaek. Kaek waited for Ko.

28.7 Grammar drills. a. Substitution drill. pay bel) ?ameerikaa k:>::>n. (sathiianii rot fay)

Go to the Bank of America first. (the railway station)

pay sathiianii rot fay k:)::>n. (thanaakhaan krul)theep)

Go to the railway station first. (Bangkok Bank)

pay thanaakhaan krul)theep k:)::>n. (btl) ?ameerikaa)

Go to Bangkok Bank first. (the Bank of America)

b. Substitution drill. IEew pay praysanii. (sathaanthuut ?al)krit)

Then go to the post office. (the British Embassy)

J{ew pay sathaanthuut ?al)krit. (rOOI)Teem ?eerawan)

Then go to the British Embassy. (the Erawan Hotel)

l{ew pay rool)reem ?eerawan. (praysanii)

Then go to the Erawan Hotel. (the post office) 105

fl.

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l u \?1m Vl n m.w ft1

ttci'J, U'fi'Wlf11~fl ~q -.1 tYlY~ ;,n, IE'Ew pay siiyeek ry. ];;!;;!y pam namman pay n:'>y.

Go Go Go Go

a a a a

lo!J pay khaiJ Iaa!J. khftn pay khal) bon. khaw pay kha!J nay. ?:'>:1k pay kha!J n5;:,k.

Go Go Go Go

downstairs. upstairs. inside. outside.

lo!J maa khal) laal). khfm maa kha!J bon. khaw maa khal) nay. ?:'>;:,k maa khal) n5;:,k.

Come Come Come Come

29.3 A.

A. A.

A.

A.

downstairs. upstairs. inside. outside.

Where should I park? Do you see the gas station there? Yes, sir.

l:l;;!Y pam namman pay n:'>y.

Go a little past the gas station.

]EEW liaw saay thii S:>::Jy naa.

Then turn left at the next Soi.

tro!J nli chay may khrap. B.

beyond the house. beyond the intersection. past Soi 19. past the gas station.

Don't turn. Go straight. We're almost there now. Slow down a little.

hen pam namman nan may. hen khrap.

B.

house there? car there? restaurant there? gas station there?

Shall I go straight or turn?

may liaw. trol) pay. cuan thfil) !lEw. khap chachaa lol) noy. CO:lt thii nay khrap.

B.

little little little little

that that that that

Dialog. trol) pay rt! Jiaw khnip.

B.

see see see see

Right here? Yes. Here's a hundred baht. Do you have change?

chay. nii r:by baat. mii th::J::Jn may. may mii th;:,;:,n khrap.

No I don't.

115

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k puu.

Grandpa told Prasert, didn't he? 1 don't know whether Grandpa told Prasert or Prasert told Grandpa.

paa phuut kap praphaat chay may. may saap waa paa phfmt kap praphiiat n+ praphilat phuut kap paa.

Auntie talked to Prapart, didn't she? I don't know whether Auntie talked to Prapart or Prapart talked to Auntie.

naa thak p"raphat chiiy may. may saap waa naa thak praphat rit praphat thak naa.

Nah greeted Prapat, didn't he? I don't know whether Nah greeted Prapat or Prapat greeted Nah.

piia thiiam prasol) chay may. may saap waa piia thiiam prasoiJ n1. prasoiJ thaam piia.

Papa asked Prasong, didn't he? I don't know whether Papa asked Prasong or Prasong asked Papa.

29.5 Tone manipulation. a.

Response drill.

day yaa hOk met chiiy may. may chay. day hila met thawnan.

You got six pills, didn't you? No. I only got five.

mii baan sii liil] chay may. may chiiy. mii siiam liil] thii wnan.

There are four houses, aren't there? No. There are only three.

?aan nal)stttt pht !em chay may. may chay. ?aan cet lem thilwnan.

You read eight books, didn't you'? No. I only read seven.

slitt kradaat siiam phEn chiiy may. may chiiy. stitt s~::>IJ phen thilwnan.

You bought three sheets of paper, didn't you? No. I only bought two.

khiiay rot haa khan chily may. may chay. khiiay sii khan thawnan.

You sold five cars, didn't you? No. I only sold four.

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CO::Jt trol) naa pam namman chay may. may chily. IJJY pam namman pay noy I~EW !iaw khwiia.

I should park right in front of the gas station, shouldn't I? No. Go a little beyond the gas station and then turn right.

CO::Jt trol) naa praysanii chay may. may chay. IJJY praysanii pay noy !lEw !iaw khwaa.

I should park right in front of the post office, shouldn't I? No. Go a little beyond the post office and then turn right.

cO::Jt trOIJ naa tfiu yaam tamruat chay may. may chay. I;}JY tGu yaam tamruat pay noy I ecw liaw khwaa.

I should park right in front of the police box, shouldn't I? No. Go a little beyond the police box and then turn right.

cbt tl'Ol) naa Sathiianii rot fay chfly may. may chay. l::1::1y sathaanii rot fay pay noy h~ew liaw khwiia.

should park right in front of the railway station, shouldn't I? No. Go a little beyond the railway station and then turn right.

29.8 Days of the week.

thaa mfta wan sttttn nii wan can mfta waan nii wan ?aray. wan ?al)khaan.

If the day before yesterday had been Monday, what would yesterday have been? Tuesday.

Practice reading the correct days into the blanks below. under I minute 30 seconds. mQa waan nii manum nii mfta waan nii phrfil) nii phrGIJ nii wan nii wan nii mfta wan Sl:ll:ln nii rnfta waan nii mar1:11:1n nii phrfll) nii mfta wan Sl:ll:lll nii phruiJ nii wan nii

wan ?athit, wan phanthat, wan phut, wan suk, wan can, wan 7athit, wan saw, wan ?al)khaan, wan phut, wan ?al)khaan, wan saw, wan suk, wan phartthat, wan saw,

wan nii ············. phrGIJ nii ............. mfta wan S1:11:1n nii ............. wan nii ············. mar1:11:1n nii ············. mfta waan nii ............. phrGIJ nii ............. mfta waan nli ............. wan nii ............. phrOIJ nii ............. wan nii ............. mfta waan nii ············. mannm nii ............. phrGI) nii ............. 123

Try to get the time wan can wan phUt wan ?al)khaan wan phanthat wan 7al)khaan wan saw wan ?athit wan phut wan phimthat wan can wan suk wan saw wan Sltk wan 7athit

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29.9

Conversation.

The teacher should write the following on the board, read the narrative of lesson 20 (Book I) to the students, and ask them the questions. Mother has a book. Father has some matches.

29.10

Daughter has some paper. Son has a pencil.

Writing.

The Thai words for 'sandwich', 'tennis', and 'foot' (the measurement) are JEtnwft, The English final sounds ch, s, and t are all pronounced the same in Thai. The sounds ch and s do not occur at the end of Thai words; the abrupt way of closing off syllables does not permit them. But even though the final sounds of these three words arc pronounced alike, the Thai spelling shows the English distinctions. thennft, and jut.

Over the centuries, Thai has borrowed hundreds and hundreds of words from Sanskrit and Pali, and it is still doing so today in order to supply most of its technical vocabulary (as English does from Latin and Greek). These words are, of course, pronounced with Thai sounds, but their spellings reflect the source language. So even though Thai (unlike English) has a regular way of writing all of its sounds, the irregularities arising from borrowings pose a real spelling problem. Thai syllables can have only nine different consonant endings: p. t, k, m, n, IJ, y, w, and ? ; but these nine endings can be spelled in over a hundred different ways. This presents no· big problem when reading: all the reader has to do is to cut the ending off short and he will almost always be right. (For example, try to stop the sound after the vowel in the following English words as abruptly as possible: mar, mad, mass, mash, match, Madge. They all sound like mat.) But to write irregular words correctly, the spelling must be memorized. (Of course, the English speaker will have no difficulty remembering the endings of SEEnwft and thennft; and the person who knows Sanskrit and Pali will have little trouble with words like rdatpras61J.) When a consonant occurring in the source language is not pronounced at all, the symbol called karan (see sap~Jt and ?athft below) is written over it. It is a 'consonant silencer'. The sounds of the consonant letters when in syllable final position are shown below. The first letter of each group is the regular one. m

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phiiut To speak.

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thuut Ambassador.

dtJ

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ch5Jp To like.

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sap:,Jt Sports Club.

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krul)theep Bangkok.

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7aathit Week.

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raat Ratprasong.

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mimtaan Sugar.

rot mee Bus.

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Answer the following questions with the shortest possible answers. khun coon pen khon chaat ?aray. khaw tham l)aan thii nay. khaw rian thii nay. khaw rian 'laray. khaw rian phasaa thay naan thawray. khun prasol) pen khon chaat ?aray. khaw tham l)aan thii nay. khaw rian thii nay. khaw rian ?aray. khaw rian phasaa ?al)krit naan thawray. khun cJ:>n kap khun prasoiJ phuut phasaa ?aray kan. khaw pay thaan ?aahaan thii nay. khaw pay yaiJIJay. rot khray. khun c:>::m COJt rot thii nay. khun cX>n saiJ ?aray. khun praSOIJ sfu) ?aray. khray sal) kEel) phet. khray sa!J seenwit n:J:Jykhr!J. to:>n thii khaw kamlal) kin ?aahiian khray khiiw maa phuut kap kluiw. tamruat phuut kitp khray. tamruat phuut phasaa ?aray. kbaw phuut waa ?aray. After practicing reading and listening to the following questions and answers, try answering the questions without books. khun CJJn pen khon ?al)krit chiiy may. may cbay. pen khon ?ameerikan. khaw tham uaan thii ?ee yuu ?ee chiiy may. may chiiy.

tham l)aan thii yuus5m.

khaw rian phasaa wiatnaam chiiy may. may chiiy.

rian phasaa thay.

khaw rian thii waay ?em sii ?ee chay may. may chiiy.

rian thii ?ee yuu ?ee.

khaw rian phasaa thay laay pii le'ew chiiy may. may chiiy. (More.)

rian SOJI) siiam dttan thawnan. 133

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30. c Dialog. (Taking a taxi.) thEksii.

A.

B. A.

pay bEl) 'lameerikaa b:m, liew pay sathaanii rot fay. B.

A.

ruucak may.

rttucak khrap. ?aw thawdty.

B. A.

tSI) kh::ny naan may khrap. may naan.

B. A.

haa naathii thawnan.

kh5::> sip s5:>1J baat khnl p. pheelJ pay.

B. A.

sip baat day may.

may day khrap. toklol).

B. A.

pay nay khrap.

yuu klay maak.

sip sJ::>IJ baat dii J~ew khn'tp.

khap didii na. yaa khap rew. (Don't drive fast. yaa is the negative imperative.)

thttl) l{ew khnip. d::>t trolJ naa bEl).

B. naa bel) C:'>:>t rot may day khritp. A.

!Jan ca B. tSI)

A.

kh::>::~y

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day thii nay.

(ryan is short for thaa yayryan.)

pay n:Jy Je'ew c:J:>t thaal) saay khrap.

'liik haa naathii ca klap maa mi.

B. khn1p.

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LESSON 31 31.1 Vocabulary and expansions. tat T:l:ll) thaaw r:ll)tbaaw tat r:ll)thaaw

To cut. To underlay, place underneath. Feet. Shoes. To have shoes made (cut).

sQa

Upper garment, shirt, blouse, coat, sweater.

M?

Short form of khrap.

M (ha)

Short form of kha (khd).

kamlaiJ

To be in the process of.

sak khuu sak khiiu mllJ

At least, or so, anyway, and maybe more later. A pair (classifier). One pair, anyway.

pb:l:l chay day

Good enough to use, passable.

rakhaa

Price, cost. To wash.

dan

To push.

dttl)

To pull.

khl:lltn

Night.

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31.2 Patterns. tat r:>IJthaaw. tat sBa. tat kaiJkeeiJ.

To have shoes made. To have a shirt made. To have trousers made.

kamlaiJ kin khftaw. kamlaiJ phuut thoorasap. kamlaiJ yaak day r:>IJthaaw.

He is (was) eating just now (then). He's speaking on the phone. He was just thinking of getting some shoes.

r::>J)thaaw sak khfiu n~IJ. sQa sak S~::ll) tua. bia sak siiam khuat.

One pair of shoes, anyway (maybe more). A couple of shirts (or so). At least three bottles of beer.

tat dii. tat ph:>:> cMy day. tat may dii.

To cut well. To cut passably well, good enough. To cut poorly.

r:>l)thaaw khfiu nii. siia tua nan. bia khuat noon.

This pair of shoes. That shirt. That bottle of beer (over there).

tat kii wan set. tham kii dclan set. ?aan kii chuamool) set.

'Cut, how many days finish?'. How long will it take? How many months will it take to finish it? How many hours will it take to read it?

may th~l) chfiamOO!J Dl-11). may thill) s~:>!J ?athit. may tbrtl) saam dttan.

'Not reach one hour', in less than an hour. In less than two weeks. In less than three months.

31.3 Dialog. A.

khun tat r::>l)thaaw thli nay ha ?. suay dii.

B.

A.

th'ii raan leklek klayklay thii tham IJaan. khun ch5:>p 1~::~ M ?.

Where did you have your shoes made? They're nice looking. At a small shop near my office. Do you like them?

khrap. Yes. phom kamlalJ yaak day sak khfiu mt!J. I was just wanting to get a pair.

B.

thli raan nii tat ph::~::~ chay day. rakhaa k5 may phe~:l). khfiu nii tat thawray hit?.

A.

B. A.

s5::~1J r5::~y haa sip baat.

tat kii wan set ha ?.

B. may thtt!J ?athit ha ?.

This shop does a pretty good job. And the price isn't high. How much was this pair? 250 baht. How long does it take to make them? Less than a week.

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31.4 Tone identification and production. a.

Identify the tones and record the number of repetitions required. To brush the teeth. The boss of a firm. Plenty. To patronize. To be lazy.

fan naay haalJ y'd7ye7 ?utnun khiikiat

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b. Response . drill. pit naataal) thammay. may day pit. pa'dt.

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