Windows 10 Pro and Windows 10 Enterprise for Workstations: a Complete User Guide to Coming a Pro

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Windows 10 Pro and Windows 10 Enterprise for Workstations: a Complete User Guide to Coming a Pro

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WINDOWS 10 PRO AND WINDOWS 10 ENTERPRISE FOR WORKSTATIONS

A COMPLETE USER GUIDE TO COMING A PRO

JONES O. GODWIN

1

Table of Contents INTRODUCTION ...................................................................... 8 CHAPTER 1: THE WINDOWS 10 ENTERPRISE AND WINDOWS 10 PRO FOR WORKSTATIONS ................................................ 9 Cortana On Windows (Beta) – This Now Carries More Productivity! (Build 19030) .................................................... 9 Improved Disk Usage For Windows Search (Build 19025) .. 14 Supercharging Windows Search .......................................... 15 Making Sense Of Search....................................................... 16 Insiders Weigh In .................................................................. 17 Adding Value With Enhanced Mode ................................... 18 CHAPTER 2: TACKLING HIGH DISK USAGE ........................... 20 What’s Next .......................................................................... 22 Windows Search Tips & Troubleshooting ........................... 24 Quick Searches Now In Search Home (Build 19018) ........... 26 Design For Web Preview In Search Results Is Updated (Build 19018) ................................................................................... 28 More Kaomoji (Build 19013) ................................................ 28 There Are 2 Improvements (Build 19013) In Windows Subsystem For Linux (WSL) .................................................. 30 CHAPTER 3: DIRECTX RAYTRACING TIER 1.1 ....................... 32 Directx Mesh Shader ............................................................ 33 Directx Sampler Feedback ................................................... 35 Texture Streaming ................................................................ 36 Texture-Space Shading......................................................... 37 3

Other Features..................................................................... 38 The Pix Support ................................................................... 39 Call To Action ....................................................................... 39 CHAPTER 4: WINDOWS HELLO PIN IN SAFE MODE (BUILD 18995) .................................................................................. 40 From Settings ....................................................................... 41 Open Recovery Settings ...................................................... 41 From The Sign-In Screen...................................................... 44 From A Black Or Blank Screen ............................................. 47 From A Black Or Blank Screen ............................................. 47 CHAPTER 5: CONNECTING YOUR WINDOWS 10 DEVICES TO NETWORK CAMERAS (BUILD 18995) .................................. 57 Step One: Open Windows Settings And Choose Devices... 59 Additional Features ............................................................. 61 Enabling Automatic Restart For UWP Apps (Build 18990) . 63 CHAPTER 6: WINDOWS SUBSYSTEM FOR LINUX (WSL) IMPROVEMENTS (BUILD 18990) ......................................... 65 Xbox Game Bar Updates (Build 18990) .............................. 65 Improving Your Bluetooth Pairing Experience (Build 18985) ............................................................................................. 66 Windows Subsystem For Linux (WSL) ARM64 Support. (Build 18980)........................................................................ 69 Option To Move The Cortana Window (Build 18975) ........ 69 Update On Virtual Desktop Renaming (Build 18975) ........ 70 The New Introduction Of Tablet Experience For 2-In-1 Convertible Pcs! (Build 18970) ............................................ 72 4

CHAPTER 7: RESET YOUR PC FROM THE CLOUD (BUILD 18970) ................................................................................... 76 Control Over Restarting Apps At Sign-In (Build 18965) ...... 78 GPU Temperature Comes To Task Manager (Build 18963) 79 Renaming Your Virtual Desktops (Build 18963) .................. 81 The Optional Features Page In Settings Is Uniquely Improved (Build 18963) ....................................................... 83 Adding Mouse Cursor Speed To Settings (Build 18963) ..... 85 CHAPTER 8: NOTEPAD IMPROVEMENTS (BUILD 18963)..... 87 Other Updates ...................................................................... 93 CHAPTER 9: TRADITIONAL CHINESE IME IMPROVEMENTS (BUILD 18963) ....................................................................... 95 Your Account Picture In Windows Changes (Build 18963) . 96 Windows Search Improvements (Build 18963) ................... 97 A Modified Network Status Page In Settings (Build 18956) ............................................................................................ 100 Traditional Chinese Ime Improvements (Build 18956) ..... 104 Calculator App Updates (Build 18956) .............................. 106 Accessibility Improvements (Build 18956) ........................ 108 CHAPTER 10: THE MSIX NO LONGER REQUIRED SIDELOADING SETTING (BUILD 18956) .............................. 110 Japanese Ime Improvements (Build 18950) ...................... 111 The Introduction Of A New Cortana Experience For Windows 10 (Build 18945) ................................................. 113 Windows Subsystem For Linux (WSL) Improvements (Build 18945) ................................................................................. 116 5

Accessibility Improvements (Build 18945) ....................... 118 Narrator’s Outlook Folder Reading Has Been Greatly Upgraded For An Optimal Triaging Experience ................ 119 Text Cursor Indicator ......................................................... 120 CHAPTER 11: UPDATING THE KOREAN IME (BUILD 18941) ........................................................................................... 122 Quick Event Create From The Taskbar (Build 18936) ....... 124 Passwordless Microsoft Accounts On Your PC Device (Build 18936) ................................................................................ 126 Eye Control Improvements (Build 18932) ........................ 127 Other Accessibility Improvements (Build 18932) ............. 131 Refining Your Notification Settings (Build 18932) ............ 133 Language Settings Improvements (Build 18922) .............. 137 Windows Subsystem For Linux 2 (Build 18917) ............... 138 CONCLUSION ..................................................................... 140

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Copyright 2020 © Jones O. Godwin All rights reserved. This book is copyright and no part of it may be reproduced, stored or transmitted, in any form or means, without the prior written permission of the copyright owner. Printed in the United States of America Copyright 2020 © Jones O. Godwin

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INTRODUCTION If your device is currently running Windows 10 Enterprise or the Windows 10 Pro for Workstations editions, you may have probably noticed a new feature which wasn’t available. This can be viewed from the following, under Settings > System > Display > “Advanced display settings” > “Remove display from desktop” this enables you to adequately use your monitor as a unique Specialized Display. A monitor is classified as “specialized” because if it is neither designed to be used as a “desktop” monitor nor as a head-mounted display.

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CHAPTER 1: THE WINDOWS 10 ENTERPRISE AND WINDOWS 10 PRO FOR WORKSTATIONS The Specialized Display feature enables a display to be devoted to a specific purpose, like: •

Fixed-function

arcade/gaming

rigs

like

cockpit/driving/flight/military simulators •

Medical imaging devices that have custom

panels (e.g. grayscale X-ray displays) •

Dedicated video monitoring scenarios (e.g.

Avid Pro) •

Monitor panel testing and validation (e.g. in

the factory) •

Video walls

Cortana On Windows (Beta) – This Now Carries More Productivity! (Build 19030) As part of developing Cortana from a general digital assistant to a personal productivity assistant that 9

supports you in the Microsoft 365 apps, several modifications have been made that will give you a glance into how your assistant will help you organize tasks and time and connect with people.

The company is rolling out some changes to Cortana on Windows for Windows Insiders in the Fast ring. You may have heard that we’re evolving Cortana from a general digital assistant to a personal productivity assistant that helps you in the Microsoft 365 apps you use to get things done every day.

10

As part of that evolution, there’re several changes made that will give you a glimpse into how your assistant will help you manage tasks and time and connect with people. Here’s what you can expect in the updated app: •

To

experience

give

you

that’s

an

improved

companion

more

seamless

with

your

workflows, the app has been undocked from the taskbar, so now you can move or re-size Cortana like any other app. •

The creator has made it easy for you to

configure your default input to Cortana via Settings > Talk to Cortana, so now you can choose if you prefer typing or speaking. •

The improved email skill lets you use Cortana

to create and query emails: •

All you need do is, send an email to

telling them you’re running late •

“Show me emails from ” 11



The improved calendar skill allows you to

create and also to query meetings: •

“Set up a 1:1 with at ”



“What’s my next meeting?”



“Join my meeting” (This only works for Teams

meetings at this time.) •

The improved Windows skill lets you use

Cortana to open apps and adjust settings: •

“Open Paint 3D”



“Change the brightness”



A significant accessibility improvements have

been made to enable Cortana very easier for everyone to use. •

So far, Cortana backing has also been taken

away from connect accounts. So, now your work and personal accounts are two different experiences based on the type of account you sign in with. If you sign in with a Microsoft account, you’ll interact with your personal information. 12

If you sign in with a work or school account, Cortana will work with that one. Your chat history will be saved on your local device, and if you use a personal Microsoft account, your data will still be visible in the Microsoft Privacy Dashboard. •

Also, while we’re honing our productivity

skills, we’re temporarily removing a few Cortana skills that were previously released to Windows Insiders. But don’t worry, we’re giving them a fresh coat of paint, and they’ll be coming back soon! These include: •

Bing Instant Answers



Jokes and other assistant conversations.



Timers

This is also only available in en-us but will be coming to more languages and regions soon.

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Improved Disk Usage For Windows Search (Build 19025) As Insiders are aware of the releases, the company has been continuing to work on upgrading search results based on different feedback, including adding the Enhanced search mode (adding an easy alternative to enlarge search across all folders and drivers) in 19H1, as well as incorporating Windows Search into File Explorer, to guaranty more accordant results regardless of where you begin your search. In 19H1, Insiders were asked why they were always turning off the search indexer. Their different feedback helped in the improvements then, and also helped to focus on three key areas of upgrading in 20H1: excessive disk and CPU usage, general performance issues is another great thing, and low perceived value of the indexer. Based on these feedbacks, they’re introducing an algorithm that spots high disk usage and activity, so 14

that it can better pinpoint peak usage times and manage the indexer accordingly. They’re also making modifications for developers to avert searches of certain storages and project folders to refine disk usage.

Supercharging Windows Search

In this book, we’re going to go through those updates and bring you up to speed on the latest developments. Some added tips and tricks that can help you use search to find more of what you need on your device, to run faster. 15

So how has Windows Search gotten to where it’s at now, and how are Windows Insiders helping to determine what’s next? Let’s take a look!

Making Sense Of Search Think of the indexer, or the Windows Search service, as the engine behind Windows Search. It goes through your device, cataloging information from all your files, such as words and metadata. This process is what lets Windows Search return results so quickly—often within milliseconds. It’s much faster for Windows Search to check the index it’s created than it would be to go searching across your device each time you ask it to look for a file. This service not only indexes file names but all the content within each file. It also powers the file search for File Explorer, Outlook, Timeline, and many UWPs. This is why we don’t recommend turning off the indexer, which can dramatically slow down your device’s ability to find stuff, whether you’re looking for a document, media file, message, or contact. 16

Of course, indexing does require disk space and processing power (both CPU and RAM resources), especially when you first run indexing. A lot of work to help ensure that indexing is slowed down when you’re using your device for other tasks has been done.

Insiders Weigh In Despite these improvements, it’s a known fact that many users have continued to turn off indexing, so they Microsoft has decided to ask them why directly. Whenever a Windows’ Insider disabled Windows Search, a message would pop up on the screen asking why. Insiders gave the company many reasons for turning off the indexer, but it encapsulated to three key areas: high disk and CPU usage, general performance issues, and the indexer didn’t seem valuable to them in any ways.

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This was the kind of concise, real world feedback they’ve been looking for, and immediately they got straight to work addressing it.

Adding Value With Enhanced Mode To help you get more value out of Windows Search, the company has made a new setting called Enhanced Mode that makes it easier to expand a search. By default, Windows Search is limited to documents, pictures, videos, and your desktop, to make sure it doesn’t eat up your device’s resources. To extend search, you can change your search locations, or you can simply select Enhanced Mode to instantly expand indexing across all folders and drives.

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Enhanced Mode makes it easier to expand a search query across your device. We originally introduced this feature to Insiders in a Windows 10 Insider Preview Build in 19H1. The question was, would it be enough to satisfy our Insiders’ needs for more Search value?

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CHAPTER 2: TACKLING HIGH DISK USAGE The company has actually been working on this issue for a while now, but Insider feedback made it a precedent. Soon after, we rolled out a new algorithm that detects high disk usage and slows down indexing activity. This algorithm wasn’t seen as an impeccable yet though, and they continued development through 20H1. Their goal was to supply our algorithm with even more signals, so it could better identify customers’ peak

usage

times

and

manage

the

indexer

accordingly. Based on these new signals, the indexer will stop or cut back when: •

Gaming mode is on



Power savings mode is on



Low power mode is on (constrained mode or

connected standby)

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The device is waking up after being in low

power mode or in a log-on state •

Device goes from AC > DC



CPU usage goes above 80%



Disk usage goes above 70%



The device’s battery charge is less than 50%



The device’s display state goes to screen off

For our developers, we also made a change where the indexer no longer covers popular source repositories, like Git. This was partly because of the sheer size of these repositories, and also because the tools developers use to interact with their repos usually have their own search tools. They also worked with Visual Studio partners to exclude their project folders, which resulted in a quick 30% improvement in disk usage, for an even better developer experience. These changes were introduced to Insiders in 0ur Windows 10 Insider Preview Build 18945. Again, we 21

deployed our pop-ups whenever an Insider turned off the indexer. This time, we wanted to see if the changes we’d made had impact on the issues you’d shared before.

What’s Next The company recently wrapped up this outreach, and we’re pleased to announce that the latest results are very encouraging! Reason for turning off Windows Search Current rank

Previous rank

Didn’t mean to turn it off

1

4

To protect an SSD from wear

2

High CPU usage

3

6

Because of past or general performance issues 4

2

Not enough value to me

5

3

High disk usage

6

1

Blocking an update

7

Other (mostly folks testing things)

8

`

5

NEW 7

After introducing our latest round of updates, all three top reasons for turning off the indexer fell in importance. High disk usage fell from the top reason 22

all the way down to number six. General performance issues fell from number two to four. And turning off the indexer because of it didn’t seem valuable moved from the third most popular reason down to number five. It appeared that we’d made some real progress in delivering a better Search experience. The new top reason, didn’t mean to turn it off, was also encouraging. This is usually the result of thirdparty

applications

turning

off

the

indexer

automatically, often without the user knowing. Our guess is that, as our app partners discover just how far the indexer has come, disabling it may no longer be necessary. As we head into the next round of Insider Preview build development, we’ll continue to work on solutions to address the issues raised by you, our Insider community. In the meantime, we’d like to thank you for helping make the Windows Search experience even better for users around the world.

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Keep your feedback and comments coming in the Feedback Hub. As always, we’ll be listening!

Windows Search Tips & Troubleshooting •

Expand your search – The fastest way to

extend Windows Search across more on your device is to go to Settings > Search > Searching Windows and turn on Enhanced Mode. This will let you search across all your folders and drives, including your desktop. This option may reduce battery life and increase CPU usage, so you may want to scroll down to exclude folders that you don’t typically search. •

Minimize your search – Along with being able

to exclude specific folders from indexing, you can also exclude specific file types. Go to Settings > Search > Searching Windows. Beneath More Search Indexer Settings, select Advanced Search Indexer Settings, and thereafter, choose Advanced for the File Types tab. If you don’t use full text search for certain files, like code files, you can select Index Properties Only. 24



Check your indexer status – If the indexer

seems to have been running for a long time, you can check the Settings page to see how many items are waiting to be indexed and to get a rough idea of how long each item is taking. If the indexer is running and there aren’t any items in the pending queue, one of two things is happening: •

First, it could be doing a maintenance

operation. These typically take less than 5 minutes and will happen every 100,000 new words indexed. •

Second, the indexer could be servicing a

complicated query from an application running in the foreground. Check to see if you have a window open somewhere on your machine that is doing a search. •

Check that Windows Search is running – If

you ever think Windows Search might be disabled, press the Windows Key + R, type services. MSc, scroll down, and double-click Windows Search. To get Windows Search running again, confirm that Startup 25

Type is set to Automatic (Delayed Start) and Service Status is set to Running.

Quick Searches Now In Search Home (Build 19018) To assist you to search the info that matters even faster, Microsoft has added four new unique quick web searches to your Search Home: •

Weather: Get the new age conditions and the

upcoming forecast alerts •

Top news: You can simply relax and read the

latest headlines from popular news sites •

Today in history: Customers can explore four

major events that happen on this day •

New movies: You can also find out what’s

playing in theaters near you, and take advantage

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If you want to try any or all of these searches, all you need do is click the search box on your taskbar of your device or press the Windows logo key + S to enable you open the Search Home. At this time, it’s possible you will need answers and results for other searches? Relax, just type in your search and get the info you’re in search of quickly and easily. Note: This is a server-side modification that’s just newly rolling out and will show up for users across builds from 1809 to 20H1 version. For the time being,

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quick searches are only accessible in the US, but will soon be available internationally.

Design For Web Preview In Search Results Is Updated (Build 19018) The company has made a few small adjustments to how it looks, this’s what you’ll be seeing now:

More Kaomoji (Build 19013) As some users may know already with Windows 10 version 1903, they updated the WIN+(Period) / WIN+(Semicolon) keyboard shortcut to include emoji, and also to now accommodate kaomoji and 28

special characters. You may be curious to know what kaomoji are! Basically, these are faces with expressions someone can make by combining different characters. For instance, you might be acquainted with the shruggie: ¯\_(ツ)_/¯

Based on users’ feedback, in this build they’re updating the kaomoji list with some few more favorites, including: 29



ヾ(⌐■_■)ノ♪



ლ(╹◡╹ლ)



(⊙_◎)



( ͡~ ͜ʖ ͡°)



ಠ_ರೃ



(∩^o^)⊃━☆



/ᐠ。ꞈ。ᐟ\

And more! Enjoy (❁´◡`❁)

There Are 2 Improvements (Build 19013) In Windows Subsystem For Linux (WSL) With the previous ones you may be used to, your WSL 2 Virtual Machine’s (VM) memory would grow to get to the needs of your workflow, but would not compress back whenever the memory was no longer needed. With this unique modification, as memory is no more in use in the Linux VM, it will be released

30

back to Windows, which will compress in memory size consequently.

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CHAPTER 3: DIRECTX RAYTRACING TIER 1.1 In the year 2018 to be precise in October, Microsoft released Windows 10 OS and SDK to pretty support DirectX Raytracing (aka. DXR tier 1.0). Within the space of one year of its official release, game developers made adequate use of DXR to upgrade cinematic level of photo-realism in real time to a variety list of games. Subsequently, the company continued to collaborate with both GPU vendors and game developers to uniquely and better expose hardware capabilities and to perfectly address adoption pain points. As a result of this, Microsoft company will introduce DXR tier 1.1 with the following new additions on top of tier 1.0. •

The support for adding extra shaders to an

existing Raytracing PSO, which largely increases the efficiency of dynamic PSO additions.

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The support Execute-Indirect for Raytracing,

which allows adjustive algorithms where the number of rays is concluded on the GPU execution timeline. •

The introduction of Inline Raytracing, which

gives more direct control of the ray traversal algorithm and shader catalog, a less complex option when the brimful shader-based raytracing system is overkill, and more changeable since Ray Query can be called from every shader stage. It also uncloses new DXR use cases, particularly in compute: discard, physics, occlusion queries, and so on. DXR tier 1.1 is a superset of tier 1.0. Game developers should start building their raytracing solution based on the existing tier 1.0 APIs, then move up to tier 1.1 once they can better evaluate the benefit of tier 1.1. to their games.

Directx Mesh Shader Mesh shaders also with amplification shaders can be described as the next generation of GPU geometry processing capability, which is going to replace the 33

following current input assembler, such as vertex shader, hull shader, tessellator, domain shader, as well as geometry shader stages. The main objective of the mesh shader is to amplify the flexibility and performance of the geometry pipeline. Mesh shaders use cooperative groups of threads (similar to a compute shader) to process small batches of vertices and primitives before the rasterizer, with choice of input data layout, compression, geometry amplification, and culling being entirely determined by shader code. Mesh shaders can enhance the performance by permitting geometry to be pre-culled without having to output new index buffers to memory, whereas triangles are currently only culled by fixed function hardware after which the vertex shader has finished execution. There is also a new amplification shader stage, which enables tessellation, instancing, and additional culling scenarios.

34

The flexibility and high performance of the mesh shader programming model will allow game developers to increase geometric detail, rendering more complex scenes without sacrificing framerate.

Directx Sampler Feedback Sampler Feedback is a hardware feature for recording which areas of a texture were accessed during sampling operations. With Sampler Feedback, games can generate a Feedback Map during rendering which records what parts of which MIP levels need to be resident. This feature greatly helps in two scenarios as detailed below.

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Texture Streaming Many next-gen games have the same problem: when rendering bigger and bigger worlds with higher and higher quality textures, games suffer from longer loading time, higher memory pressure, or both. Game developers have to trim down their asset quality, or load in textures at runtime more than necessary. When aiming at 4k resolution, the complete MIP 0 of a high-quality texture takes a lot of space! It is highly desirable to be able to load only the necessary portions of the most detailed MIP levels. One solution to this problem is texture streaming as outlined below, where Sampler Feedback greatly improves the accuracy with which the right data can be loaded at the right times. •

The render scene and record desired texture

tiles using example Feedback. •

When the texture tiles at desired MIP levels

are not yet resident, the following are required: 36

o

Render current frame using lower MIP level.

O

Submit disk IO request to load desired texture

tiles. •

(Asynchronously) Map desired texture tiles to

keep resources when loaded.

Texture-Space Shading Another interesting scenario is Texture Space Shading, where games dynamically compute and store intermediate shader values in a texture, reducing both spatial and temporal rendering redundancy. The workflow looks like the following, where again, Sampler Feedback greatly improves efficiency by avoiding redundant work computing parts of a texture that were not actually needed. •

You can draw geometry with easy shaders that

record Sampler Feedback to decide which parts of a texture are required. •

Submit calculated work to increase the

necessary textures. 37



You need to draw geometry again, but this

time with real shaders that apply the generated texture data.

Other Features •

DRED support for PIX markers



New APIs for interacting with the D3D9on12

mapping layer •

R11G11B10_FLOAT

format

supported

for

shared resources •

New resource allocation flags that allow

creating D3D12 resources without also making them resident in GPU memory, or without zero initializing them, which can improve the performance of resource creation •

D3Dconfig: This is a new that provides the

necessary tool to manage DirectX Control Panel settings

38

The Pix Support PIX support for these new DirectX 12 features is coming in very soon in the next few months. We will provide more details when deep diving into each feature in coming weeks.

Call To Action Please stay tuned for subsequent blog posts in the next few weeks, where we will publish more technical details about each feature previewed in this blog post, as well as feature spec for reference. To use these features in your game, you need to first install the latest Windows 10 Insider Preview Build and SDK Preview Build for Windows 10 (20H1) from the Windows Insider Program. You will need to download the latest DirectX Shader Compiler and make good use of it. Finally, you will need to get to the GPU vendors for supported hardware and drivers. All these new features come from extensive discussions and collaborations with both game developers and GPU vendors. We are looking 39

forward to working with game developers to use these features to bring their games to the next level of rendering quality and performance! Please let us know if you have further questions, or if you are interested in collaborating with us on showcasing these features in your games.

CHAPTER 4: WINDOWS HELLO PIN IN SAFE MODE (BUILD 18995) Safe mode helps to start Windows in a basic state, using a finite set of files and drivers that provide you the assistance to troubleshoot problems on your PC. If a problem doesn’t occur in Safe mode, it means that the default settings and basic device drivers aren’t the ones causing the issue. Observing Windows in safe mode gives you the opportunity to pin point the source of a problem, which can help you troubleshoot problems you are currently experiencing on your PC. With that said, there are two versions of safe mode: these are, Safe Mode and Safe Mode with 40

Networking. Safe Mode with Networking adds or gives the network drivers and services you might need to enable you access the Internet and other computers on your network framework. Choose from the following sections to know how to start your PC in safe mode from Settings. This can be done from the sign-in screen, or from a black or blank screen.

From Settings 1.

All you need do is press Windows logo key + I

on your keyboard to open up the Settings. If that doesn’t work, select the Start button, then select Settings. 2.

Select Update & Security > Recovery.

Open Recovery Settings 3.

Under Advanced startup, select Restart now.

4.

When your PC restarts to the Choose an

option screen, you will need to select the following, Troubleshoot > Advanced options > Startup Settings 41

> Restart. With this you may be asked to type in your BitLocker Recovery Key”.

42

5.

when your PC restarts, a list of options will

display. Choose 4 or you can press F4 to start up your PC in Safe Mode. Or if you decide to use the Internet, 43

just select 5 or press F5 for Safe Mode with Networking.

From The Sign-In Screen Whenever you notice that you can’t open Settings to get into safe mode, just restart your device from the Windows sign-in screen to enable you gain access. 1.

On the Windows sign-in screen, you need to

press and hold the Shift key while you select the Power > Restart. 2.

When your PC restarts, to the Choose an

option screen,

just do the

following,

select

Troubleshoot > Advanced options > Startup Settings > Restart. Your PC might ask you to enter your BitLocker Recovery Key.

44

45

46

3.

When your PC restarts, a list of options will

display. Choose 4 or F4 to start up your PC in safe mode. Or if you feel like using the Internet, then select 5 or F5 for Safe Mode with Networking.

From A Black Or Blank Screen Note: If you choose to exit the safe mode, you can just restart your device, or: 1.

You can also press the Windows logo key + R.

2.

Type msconfig in the Open box and

thereafter, do select OK. 3.

Select the Boot tab.

4.

Underneath the Boot options, clear the Safe

boot checkbox.

From A Black Or Blank Screen Note 47

If your device has been encrypted, then you’ll need your BitLocker key to start up in safe mode. Before this can be carried out, enter safe mode, you will

need

to

enter

the

Windows’

Recovery

Environment (winRE). You will need to repeatedly turn your device off, then on: 1.

You have to hold down the power button for

10 seconds to turn off your device. 2.

Press the power button of your PC again to

enable turn on your device. 3.

The first sign to know Windows has started

(for

example,

some

devices

display

the

manufacturer’s logo when restarting) just hold down the power button of your PC for 10 seconds to turn off your device. 4.

Press the power button again so that your

device can be turned on.

48

5.

When Windows restarts, kindly hold down

your PC power button for 10 seconds to turn off your device. 6.

Press the power button of your PC again to

turn on your device. 7.

Allow your device to fully restart. You will

enter winRE. Now that you’ve reached the winRE, you will have to follow these steps to catapult you to safe mode: 4.

On the Choose an option screen, what is required is for you to select the following, Troubleshoot > Advanced options > Startup Settings > Restart.

49

50

51

2.

After your device restarts, you’ll see a list of

options. Choose option 5 from the list or you can also press F5 for Safe Mode with Networking. If you need further assistance and info on a black or blank screen error, check Troubleshoot black or blank screen errors. Note If you so desire to exit safe mode, simply restart your device, or: 1.

Press the Windows logo key + R.

2.

Type msconfig in the Open box and

thereafter, select OK. 3.

Select the Boot tab.

4.

Underneath the Boot options, clear the Safe

boot checkbox. With the latest flight, we’re taking another step forward in our Password less journey by adding Windows Hello PIN sign-in support to Safe mode, so that you no longer have rely on your password when 52

troubleshooting your device. Try it out with the instructions below and let us know what you think! •

Configure the Windows Hello in Settings >

Accounts > Sign-in options •

Boot your device into Safe mode:

1.

Go straight to the Settings and do this >

Update and Security > Recovery. 2.

Beneath the Advanced startup choose Restart

now. 3. option

When your PC restarts to the Choose an screen,

kindly

select

the

following

Troubleshoot > Advanced options > Startup Settings > Restart. You may be asked to type in your BitLocker Recovery Key. BitLocker is a device encryption feature of Windows. If your device is demanding for your BitLocker recovery key, just simply following these steps, to help you locate the 48-digit key you need to unleash

53

your device. Here are some hidden places where you can search for the key, if you don’t have it: •

In your Microsoft account: Sign in to your

Microsoft account with another device to search for your recovery key. If other users have accounts on the device you can ask them to sign in to their Microsoft account to see if they have the key. •

On a printout you saved: Your recovery key

may be found on a printout that was saved during the activation of BitLocker. Search where you keep your important papers related to your PC. •

On a USB flash drive: Plug your USB flash

drive into your locked PC and then follow the instructions. If the key was saved as a text file on the flash drive, then try using a different computer to read the text file. •

In an Azure Active Directory account: If your

device has ever been signed in to any organization using a work or school email account, then, your recovery key may be stored or saved in that 54

organization’s

“Azure

AD

account”

which

is

associated with your device. With this, you might be able to access your key directly or you may choose to contact a system administrator to enable you access your recovery key. •

Held by your system administrator: If your

device is connected to a domain (usually a work or school device), then you could ask a system administrator for your recovery key. 4.

when your PC restarts, a list of options will be

brought out. Choose 4 or press F4 to start up your PC in Safe Mode. You may also decide to select 5 or press F5 to use Safe Mode with Networking. •

At this point, you can sign in to your device

when you use your Windows Hello PIN

55

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CHAPTER 5: CONNECTING YOUR WINDOWS 10 DEVICES TO NETWORK CAMERAS (BUILD 18995) Network cameras, which can be seen as Internet Protocol-based cameras which can simply transmit video data over a local area network (LAN), are pretty becoming increasingly accepted, used or practiced by most people, particularly in surveillance and security scenarios. Windows now permits users to associate network cameras to their PC, allowing photo capture as well as streaming of video in camera applications. As we speak, Windows only supports compliant cameras*, which can be described as standards-compliant network cameras optimized for real-time streaming video capture.

57

Windows provides the support for discovery, pairing, configuration as well as streaming through WinRT APIs. If you want to discover network cameras connected to the local subnet, you need to create a Device Watcher class, and thereafter, follow the instructions lay down in this document, connect to remote cameras. To pair the discovered network camera of your PC, use the “Device Information” instance returned by the DeviceWatcher. Windows supports the following pairing ceremonies: Basic and Custom, as stated in the pair-devices documentation. To concisely summarize it, Basic Pairing provides an easy method for pairing to cameras which do not necessarily require authentication to access the stream. The Custom Pairing mode should always be used when it comes to more advanced control over the pairing, is needed or if a camera will necessitate an authentication. 58

Alternatively, network cameras that can be accessed without the use of authentication, users can then pair the Add a device wizard using the Windows 10 Settings page.

Step One: Open Windows Settings And Choose Devices

Step Two: Inside Bluetooth & other devices Everything else, what is required is click on Add device to ascertain network cameras connected to your LAN.

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Step Three: Click on the network camera you so wish to pair; at this time your device should now be connected.

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After you’ve finished pairing the network camera, you can now capture photos, stream and record videos of your choice using your preferred camera app or the built-in Windows Camera App. If the capacity to pair to authenticated cameras with the Settings page is highly important for your use case, please let the company know about it through the Windows Developer Feedback.

Additional Features The network camera has a huge support in Windows which continues to enhance, with extra functionality currently available for developers that enrolled in the 61

Windows Insider Program. In the latest insider builds, developers will notice some improved support for more ONVIF cameras, as Windows is now fully certified by ONVIF. Additionally, there are generally some new APIs accessible found in the insider builds that permit streams from a prescribed RTSP Uniform Resource Identifier (URI), and to help perform time coincide with cameras. The two APIs are described will be addressed below. For streaming from a URI via the Media Capture class, you need to assign the desired URI to MediaCaptureInitializationSettingsDevice::Uri.

If

credentials are needed, you can set them up via MediaCaptureInitializationSettings::DeviceUriPassw ordCredential. The API allows ONVIF and generic RTSP server URIs. With that said, it enables applications to use the standard Windows Media APIs to capture video from different kinds of cameras that do not blend to the 62

ONVIF standards, or from an arbitrary URI without pairing. New APIs exist also to support time synchronization of different cameras that are using the same Network Time Protocol (NTP) as specified by the Onvif specification.

Use

KSPROPERTY_NETWORKCAMERACONTROL_NT P to setup the NTP server for the ONVIF camera before use. Once this is configured via this mechanism, the camera begins streaming, and sends NTP time via the Sender’s report (as prescribed in the RTP/RTCP spec) in a different channel helping Windows modify RTP payload timestamps that it receives from the camera. This can be used to guaranty synchronization of the captured video clips across collective cameras.

Enabling Automatic Restart For UWP Apps (Build 18990) Microsoft has already introduced a new separate setting to enable you control if you registered 63

desktop apps from your former sign-in session are restarted when signing in back into Windows. In the newest Insider Preview builds, in addition to registered desktop apps, when you decide into this setting, the bulk of open UWP apps are therefore, created to automatically restart as well! To decrease sign-in time, UWP apps are restarted minimized, in an adjourned state, helping Windows and other apps the resources to get started. You can do this below: 1.

You will need to go to Settings > Accounts >

Sign-in options and turn on “Automatically and then save my restartable apps whenever I sign out and restart them after I sign in.” underneath the “Restart apps”. 2.

You may choose to Start one or more UWP

apps, like Feedback Hub. 3.

Sign out and then sign back into Windows.

The UWP apps that were started, like Feedback Hub, should restart in minimized form with a taskbar button. 64

CHAPTER 6: WINDOWS SUBSYSTEM FOR LINUX (WSL) IMPROVEMENTS (BUILD 18990) •

This has really improved the performance for

directory listings in \wsl$ •

The (WSL2) inserted additional boot entropy

[Github Issue 4461] •

The (WSL2) also Fixed Windows interop

whenever you are using su/sudo commands [Github issue 4465].

Xbox Game Bar Updates (Build 18990) If you hadn’t seen yet, Microsoft has started rolling out an FPS counter and achievement overlay! The update will show up through the Microsoft Store. All you need do is set focus to your favorite game and then press WIN + G to get started, good luck. NOTE: With this, you may have to be connected to receive Game Bar updates through the Xbox Insider 65

Hub app (underneath Insider Content) from the Microsoft Store to view this update.

Improving Your Bluetooth Pairing Experience (Build 18985) For Windows 10, version 1803, it was announced that a new streamlined experience for pairing supported Bluetooth devices has been realized. The idea was simple, that is, if a supported device was close by and in pairing mode, a notification will be shown that prompted you to go through your pairing. This has saved many users the time from opening Settings 66

themselves and then finding the right place to go. Today, the manufacturer has rolled out an update with unique improvements you’d like. Below is what’s new: •

Pairing is all done in notifications now. With

this new development, you don’t need to go to the Settings app anymore to complete the pairing. •

For faster pairing time, the UI has been

improved by displaying one less notification. •

A Dismiss button has been added to the first

notification to give users more control when using Swift Pair. •

There is a display of device’s name and

category when it’s possible, to make the notification more helpful to users. Supported devices include: •

Surface Ergonomic Keyboard



Surface Precision Mouse



Surface Mobile Mouse 67



Surface Arc Mouse



Surface Headphones



Microsoft Arc Mouse



Microsoft Modern Mobile Mouse



Microsoft Bluetooth Keyboard



Microsoft Bluetooth Mouse

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Windows Subsystem For Linux (WSL) ARM64 Support. (Build 18980) In this build, WSL2 support for ARM64 devices has been added! They’ve also added the capacity to setup your distribution’s default user when you use the /etc/wsl.conf file.

Option To Move The Cortana Window (Build 18975) With the new conversational Cortana experience, it’s understood that you would want to keep the chat going now and then, and the default of the window position isn’t always where you’d want to have it docked if you’re going to have a longer back and forth. That’s why we’re starting to roll out the option to be able to move the window (by dragging the title bar area), to anywhere you’d like on the screen–just like you can with other windows. The window can be resized if you so wish. Please note that this development is still in the process of expanding language/region support of the 69

new Cortana app (as discussed here), and Insiders outside of English (United States) will see a message when launching Cortana saying “Cortana isn’t available.” We’ll update you when the availability increases.

Update On Virtual Desktop Renaming (Build 18975) The capacity to rename your virtual desktops has been made available for all Insiders in the Fast ring! To do this, follow the instructions below: 70

1.

Open Task View by simply selecting the Task

View icon of your PC in the taskbar or you can press WIN+Tab. 2.

Select New Desktop.

3.

You need to select the desktop name

(“Desktop 1”) and it should become editable for modification, or right click the desktop thumbnail to enable a context menu to show up with a Rename entry. 4.

Type in whatever name you’d like, and then

press enter. 5.

Click Done!

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The New Introduction Of Tablet Experience For 2-In-1 Convertible Pcs! (Build 18970) This was a pretty experiment the manufacturer began with Windows Insiders in 20H1 Build 18970 and then ended in Build 19013. This experience will be delivered to customers in a future update. 72

Now very much available in a new tablet experience for 2-in-1 convertible PCs as a Beta to Windows Insiders.

This new great experience enables users entering tablet posture to stay put in the familiar desktop experience without discontinuity, plus a few key touch upgrades: •

Increased spacing between Taskbar icons.



Taskbar collapsed into an icon search box. 73



File Explorer switches to touch optimized

layout. •

Touch keyboard auto invokes when the text

fields are clicked. As part of this, Microsoft has also made a few small modifications to the tablet Settings section. This experience is currently available for a portion of Insiders as we evaluate the quality. Below are the steps to take, once it becomes accessible on your PC: 1.

You can use your convertible PC as a laptop as

you usually would–opening apps and interacting with them. 2.

When you’re ready to pick it up and go or

simply lean back on the couch, you can fold back the keyboard or remove it altogether, and it should switch to this new mode shown above. 3.

Now your device can be used as a tablet with

touch.

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We’d love to hear your feedback about the new experience–share your thoughts here.

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CHAPTER 7: RESET YOUR PC FROM THE CLOUD (BUILD 18970) Resetting your PC gives you a new choice to either download Windows or use local reinstall. Previously, resetting of PC was only capable to do a local reinstall and would build a new Windows installation from the existing Windows files. As at the time this feature was introduced in Windows 10 version 1507, it gave the advantage of allowing Windows

to be

retrievable

without

necessarily requiring an extra disk space to store a compressed, backup copy of Windows in a hidden segment. With the feedback some users gave, that some would prefer to use high-speed internet connection, to enable them speed up this process by just downloading Windows. Note This is a recovery operation that will take away apps you have installed. Additionally, when the “Remove

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everything” option is chosen or selected, the user data will also be deleted. With that said, the cloud download alternative will reinstall the selfsame build, version, and edition, that is presently installed on your device. This new cloud download alternative or option is accessible to all users of Windows 10 devices and is very much different from the “Recover from the cloud” feature accessible on some earlier Windows 10 devices.

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Control Over Restarting Apps At Sign-In (Build 18965) It’s understandable that some of you already know, apps have the capacity to register for restart, which aids in a few situations, including allowing you to return back to what you were doing if you wish to restart your PC. Previously, this alternative was linked to the “Use my sign-in info to spontaneously finish setting up my device” option underneath Signin options in accounts settings. Due to feedbacks, Microsoft has noticed that some users would prefer more explicit control over when Windows automatically restarts apps that were open when you restart your PC, and with 20H1 we’re bringing that option to you. This has made Windows to put you in in charge with a new app restart setting. When it’s turned on, your Windows saves your restartable apps automatically whenever you’re signing out, restarting, or shutting down Windows, and it restarts them next time you 78

sign in. This setting is off by default but you can modify it at your preferred time in Settings > Accounts > Sign-in options, and you could search for it by simply finding the Restart Apps in the Start or the search box.

GPU Temperature Comes To Task Manager (Build 18963) Over the years, one of the longstanding requests that the manufacturer has been following for Task Manager is to include temperature monitoring 79

support, and with today’s build, they’re seriously making huge progress on that ask. If you have a devoted GPU card, it’s time to bubble up the newest temperature next to its listing in the Performance Tab.

We do hope you love the change! If you know you have any further feedback for Task Manager, please don’t stagger to share it. To make suggestions on how to improve more on present package or report issues in this space, all you need do is just press WIN+F and file the feedback beneath Desktop Environment > Task Manager in the Feedback Hub. 80

Notes: •

Displaying the GPU temperature in Task

Manager is presently only supported if you have a devoted GPU card. •

It’s possible that you may need an updated

graphics driver to enable you see the temperature. Particularly, the one that supports version 2.4 (or higher) of WDDM is required. To check and know the version your PC has, just press WIN+R and then enter dxdiag. Below the Display tab, it will display your WDDM version next to Driver Model. •

Presently the temperature value is being

supported only in Celsius.

Renaming Your Virtual Desktops (Build 18963) The Virtual Desktops exist allow you to visually and cognitively dissociate different tasks on your PC. They can also be available when you’re doing presentations, allowing you to prepare demos on separate desktops. 81

For quite some time now, there’s something the management have heard loud and clear, is that users want to be able to set up names for your separate desktops, in order to support bond the separation between workspaces, and it’s pretty excited to share, that rolling out to Insiders in the Fast ring is exactly that!

Want to try it out? With the modification, when you open up the Task View ( either by selecting the Task 82

View button in the taskbar, or by just pressing WIN+Tab), and clicking the name of your desktop you prefer now to switch to, be an adjustable field, where the name can be set to be anything you’d like (including emoji). You can also choose to right-click the thumbnail of your desired desktop in Task View, and a context menu with a Rename entry appear to enable you perform what you want. If you have not created any additional desktops yet, select “New desktop” in Task View to get yourself started. Currently this change is live for 50% of Insiders in the Fast ring, and we’ll be expanding the rollout over the next few weeks as we evaluate the quality of experience.

The Optional Features Page In Settings Is Uniquely Improved (Build 18963) Based on users’ feedback, the Microsoft has made a number of usability advancements technology to the Optional Features page in Settings (From Settings >

83

Apps & Features > Optional Features), and they’ve started rolling out to Insiders in the Fast ring. •

Multi-select: At this point, you can now

choose and install multiple optional features at a go or the same time. Better list management: You can also now search via lists of optional features and classify them by their Names, Sizes, and Install date. •

More useful information: You can now also

see and view the install date for each optional feature in the ‘Installed features’ list. The manufacturers have also included feature dependencies to the definition of each optional feature in the list of features accessible for install. •

Easier page navigation: Check out the

positions of your latest installs/uninstalls/cancels directly on the main screen page in the ‘Latest actions’ section. At this time, you can now include optional features and check your history through pop-up dialogues, so that you don’t have to navigate away from the main page 84

We’re excited for you to try it! Currently these changes are live for 50% of Insiders in the Fast ring, and we’ll be expanding the rollout over the next few weeks as we evaluate the quality of experience. Here’s a peek at what you’ll see once it’s available on your PC:

Adding Mouse Cursor Speed To Settings (Build 18963) Some Insiders have noticed that, you can now configure your mouse cursor speed from within Settings! Currently, this is the newest piece of larger 85

ongoing effort to assemble Settings and Control Panel experiences. You can search for the setting underneath Settings > Devices > Mouse.

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CHAPTER 8: NOTEPAD IMPROVEMENTS (BUILD 18963) For the past 30 years, Notepad has been a well-loved text editor in Windows for many users. For quite some number of years now, the last few releases, they’ve been making a number of little advancements to Notepad based on your feedback including: 4.

Wrap-around find/replace: We’ve made significant

improvement

to

the

find/replace experience in Notepad. The manufacturer included the option to do wrap-around find/replace to the search or find dialog and Notepad will recollect previously entered figures and the state of checkboxes and spontaneously populate them when next you open the find dialog. Furthermore, when you have text chosen and open the find dialog, this will help to automatically populate the search field with the chosen text.

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2.

Text zooming: We’ve added options to make

it quick and easy to zoom text in Notepad. You can find a new menu option underneath View > Zoom to modify the zoom level and it will show up the current zoom level in the status bar. You may choose to also use Ctrl + Plus, Ctrl + Minus and Ctrl + MouseWheel to either zoom in or out and use Ctrl + 0 to restore the zoom level to the default.

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3.

Line numbers with word-wrap: A long

outstanding request has been to add the ability to display line and column numbers when word-wrap is enabled. This is made easy and possible in Notepad and the status bar is now made visible by default. You can also choose to turn the status bar off in the View menu.

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4.

Modified indicator: Notepad will now show an

asterisk (*) in the title bar before the title of a document to indicate that a document has unsaved changes.

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5.

Send Feedback: You can now send feedback

directly from Notepad! For this to be done, Click Help > Send Feedback to enable you open the Feedback Hub with the Notepad category choose and then get your feedback right away to the product team.

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UTF-8 Encoding: They’ve also made some substantial improvements to the way Notepad handles encoding. Beginning with this build, they’re including the option to save files in UTF-8 without necessarily needing a Byte Order Mark and thereafter making this as a default for new files. UTF-8 without a Byte Order Mark is retrogradeagreeable

with

ASCII

and

will

give

better

interoperability with the web, where UTF-8 has become the default encoding. Additionally, we added

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a column to the status bar that displays the encoding of the document.

Other Updates •

Expanding line support



We’ve added support for some additional

shortcuts: o

Ctrl+Shift+N will open a new Notepad

window. O

Ctrl+Shift+S will open the Save as… dialog.

O

Ctrl+W will close the current Notepad

window. •

Notepad has been modified, and can now

open and save files with a path that is longer than 260 characters, which is also known as MAX_PATH. They’ve also fixed a bug where Notepad would count several lines amiss especially documents that have very long lines.

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They’ve fixed also a bug where, when you

choose a placeholder file from OneDrive in the File Open dialog, the file would be downloaded to determine its encoding. •

They’ve fixed a recent retrogression whereby

Notepad would no longer have the capacity to create a new file when it’s launched with a file path that didn’t exist. •

They’ve upgraded the performance when

you’re opening large files in Notepad. •

With the modification, Notepad now has

ability to support Ctrl + Backspace to remove or delete the previous word. •

Arrow keys can now accurately unselect text

first and thereafter move the cursor. •

Whenever you’re saving a file in Notepad, the

line and column number don’t reset to 1 anymore. •

Notepad now accurately showcases lines that

don’t fit completely on the screen. 94

CHAPTER 9: TRADITIONAL CHINESE IME IMPROVEMENTS (BUILD 18963) The

newest

Traditional

Chinese

Bopomofo,

ChangJie, as well as the Quick IMEs. The team of developer has been working seriously to enhancing the quality and fixing bugs. With today’s build: •

Toolbar Improvements: An issue was fixed

where toolbar appears up even when [Use IME toolbar] is turned off from the setting. A toolbar was also added [Hide toolbar] button in the toolbar menu. Note: Other ways to show/hide toolbar: 1. From settings: you need to Right click and then follow the instructions [中/英] icon > Click [Settings] > [General] > [Use IME toolbar] 2. From the earlier right click menu: Right click [中/英] icon > [Show/hide IME toolbar]

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Candidate

Window

Improvements:

The

builders have been working on enhancing candidate window quality. An issue was also fixed where candidate window sometimes only appeared limited number of candidates. Microsoft has fixed an issue whereby candidates shown in table view cannot be selected in any way by number keys.

Your Account Picture In Windows Changes (Build 18963) Changing the picture account, you always use to sign in to Windows is pretty much better than what it used to be! Your updated picture now shows up speedily across Windows, apps, and many other Microsoft sites you use on daily bases. Previously, you might come across as many as three to four separate pictures for your account in disparate apps and sites at one time. This is quite easy to try out, simply go to Your info in Windows settings and modify your picture as desired! Steps 96

1.

Open “Your info” in Windows settings by

pressing the Windows key, and typing “Your info,” and selecting “Your account info.” 2.

Use the options in ‘Create your picture’ to

select a new picture for your account. 3.

Check if your picture has been updated in

Windows, and on the sites and apps you use. Note: We’re still working with many sites and apps that will need to be updated to work well with this new feature. For instance, the account manager control that shows in the top right of so many Microsoft websites presently updates every 24 hours. This will be upgraded and modified in the next few months to update itself quickly as possible when your account picture changes. Other updates for Insiders

Windows Search Improvements (Build 18963) We wanted to take a moment to cover some of the server-side search improvements we’ve been rolling out based on your feedback: 97



Improved your spell correction for Apps and

Settings searches. Windows Search has been developed to have built-in spell correction to support you find whatever you might be looking for. When you’re typing very fast, errors or mistakes might happen – it’s a pleasure to announce that the spell correction technology has been upgraded, to intelligently comprehend and also to give an accurate small typos like “powerpiont” and “exce;” which formerly would return no results. With these updates, you get better results faster. This feature is currently accessible on both Insider and retail builds in English-languages markets. •

Hints to improve Best match results. Our goal

with Windows Search is to provide users easy way to use experience, and a key aspect of this is by making results very simple to comprehend. To address this, in some certain cases, where the Best match result isn’t an exact match for your search, a “Related:” line will be included below the result to help clarify why this result is appearing. 98

This feature will be elaborating to include Apps search in the next few weeks. This feature can be accessed on both Insider and retail builds in English (United States). •

Bringing the newest Search Home experience

ever to more users. The Windows 10 May 2019 Update, Search Home has been updated to help you conserve time by including fast access to your Top apps and Recent activities. After getting positive feedback and comments about the uniqueness, this new experience, now made the company to make it available to more users by rolling it out to everyone who uses the Windows 10 October 2018 Update as well.

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A Modified Network Status Page In Settings (Build 18956) Based on users’ feedback, they’re remodeling the Network and the Internet landing page in Settings to give more data at a glimpse about your device’s connectivity, amalgamating several pages to give you one unique clear view of how your device is connected to the internet. •

New view of active connections:

All

connection interfaces are now shown and made 100

available on the Status page, to enable you quickly see what is connected and view as well as modify properties as needed. If you have collective connections, just one will be used for your internet connectivity at a time, and that is shown at the top of the page in the Status diagram.



Integrated Data Usage: In the picture above,

as you can notice, you can now view the amount of data being used by your network right from the Status page! If it seems you’re consuming a lot of data, you can decide to drill into the Data Usage page to create or put a limit for that network. With this, it 101

will warn you if you go close or get near your limit. You can also view to know how much data each app is using on your network.

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Traditional Chinese Ime Improvements (Build 18956) Thanks to you all who has shared their feedbacks about the newest Traditional Chinese Bopomofo / ChangJie / Quick IME so far! The development team has been working tirelessly on upgrading the quality and fixing bugs due to your feedbacks, including: •

Bopomofo, ChangJie, and Quick IMEs: The

speed of toggling conversion mode was greatly improved ([中] mode and [英] mode). Now you can freely switch between the two faster and quicker. •

Bopomofo IME: They’ve heard feedback that

many users have been accidentally hitting the Shift + Space keyboard shortcut, that brings about the character width modifying suddenly between Halfwidth and Full-width, because of this, a new setting has been added if you’d prefer to disable the keyboard shortcut (Note: The default is enabled).

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For you to access this setting, right click the [中/英] icon in the taskbar, then click Settings > General > “Use Shift + Space to switch character width” In the screenshot below, you may have noticed that the ability to modify the candidate font size has been added, separate from the rest of the system and that if you find that you need it to be a bit bigger. (You can still change or modify the system font size underneath [Ease of Access]>[Display]>[Make text bigger].)

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Calculator App Updates (Build 18956) The manufacturer has starting to rolling out a Calculator app update to Insiders in the Fast ring. 106

This app is most eminent because it adds the capacity to put Calculator in an Always on Top mode! As soon as you have the updated version, you’ll have the ability to switch into the Always on Top mode, when you click the icon next to the calculator mode name.

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Accessibility Improvements (Build 18956) • Text Cursor Indicator Preview: Modifications to the text cursor indicator can now be checked on the fly in a new preview pane when you’re changing the size or color in the Text cursor page in the Ease of Access. • Magnifier reading now allows 3 new ways to begin reading: All that is need is press the play button to begin reading from the top of content, or selected text if the text was selected, or you can still press the read from here button, thereafter click where you want to start reading. Note that this experience works better with apps with large content such as Edge, Word, Mail, etc. Known issue: Play from top may sometimes not work, and you will hear “cannot read from here.” • Narrator helps to give page summaries and popular links: In Build 18894, a quick summary has just been released, Narrator + S that will give you headings, links, and landmarks. Pressing Narrator + S twice swiftly will open for you a dialog window with the 108

number of headings, landmarks, and links as well as a list of popular links. Popular links are the most frequently used links on the website, and you could navigate directly to those links from the page summary if you so desire. •New Narrator Sound Scheme: The manufacturer has changed Narrator sounds to be more operational and responsive. As part of that effort, they’ve added sounds for common actions, for instance, when you find yourself on a link or when you turn on or off scan mode. To enable you manage sounds for common actions, go to Narrator settings. • In Build 18945, a more efficient reading experience was released in Outlook when you’re arrowing via emails. If you prefer the older reading experience, you can disable the new reading experience by unchecking the “Have Narrator be more efficient in Outlook (experimental)” you can do this in option in Narrator Settings.

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CHAPTER 10: THE MSIX NO LONGER REQUIRED SIDELOADING SETTING (BUILD 18956) Starting in this build, enabling the sideloading setting is no longer required to install MSIX packages. Prior to this, you would need to enable a sideloading policy through Settings or group policy to deploy an MSIX package. As it stands now, you could deploy a signed MSIX package onto a device without

necessarily

go

through

a

special

configuration. As part of this modification, the company has changed the developer mode to be connected in the developer page in Settings. Enterprises can disable sideloading comportments through the enterprise policy.

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Japanese Ime Improvements (Build 18950) The development team has been working seriously on how they could improve the quality based on users’ feedback. Below are some improvements you need to try out in this build: •

Prediction Candidate window key navigation:

An issue was fixed where the focus inside prediction candidate window wouldn’t move whenever you’re using the Up-Arrow key. •

Key

customization:

They

also

got

the

discoverability improved of key assignment settings. Also, based on users’ feedback, they went ahead to update the default assigned value of Ctrl + Space to be “None”. Ctrl + Space can also be made used of for toggling IME-on/off by modifying the value via its setting.

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The Introduction Of A New Cortana Experience For Windows 10 (Build 18945) The manufacturer has started rolling out a new Cortana experience for Windows 10 as a Beta to Windows Insiders in the U.S. This new experience emphasizes a brand-new chat-based UI that provides you the capacity to type or speak natural language queries.

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This creates huge support to majority of the Cortana features many users now enjoy using on Windows, such as the following Bing answers, Assistant conversations, opening apps, managing lists, and setting reminders, alarms, and timers. They’ve also added some new features which people might enjoy:

114



Light and dark themes are both supported by

Cortana in Windows. •

They’ve created a new, less interfering screen

for “Hey Cortana” queries so that you can stay in the flow while you do your work. •

Cortana has been updated with new speech

and language models, and has also significantly improved performance – making it super-fast and more reliable than ever. With that said, not all the features from the previous Cortana experience are made accessible yet. As a Beta, more features are expected to added over time with updates to Cortana from the usual Microsoft Store. For you to get started, you need to select the Cortana icon on your PC, the taskbar next to the search box. With this, you may need to sign in with your account to enable you get started. You could also capitalize on the speed and convenience of voice with the improved speech recognition when you simply say 115

“Hey Cortana”. To allow this functionality, go straight to Settings > Privacy > Voice activation and enable it “Let Cortana respond to ‘Hey Cortana’ keyword”. Note: •

Beginning with Build 18980, all Insiders

worldwide will be able to see the Cortana icon and the new app. In a new future Cortana app update, customers have the option to use Cortana if they choose to speak a recognized language, regardless of their OS display language on their PC. •

The new Cortana app presently supports

English (United States), this is because Cortana is service backed. More languages will be added over the next coming months outside the bounds of OS build updates.

Windows Subsystem For Linux (WSL) Improvements (Build 18945) With this development, you’ll now be able to connect to your WSL 2 Linux networking applications 116

through localhost. For instance, the image you see below shows starting a NodeJS server in a WSL 2 distro, and thereafter, connecting to it in the Edge Browser through localhost.

Furthermore, global configuration options for WSL has been added. These are options that will pertain to each of your WSL distros. This also allows you to define the options that relate to the WSL 2 virtual machine (VM), that is your entire WSL 2 distros run inside of the same VM. The most thrilling option that you’ll get access to in this build is the ability to define a custom Linux kernel!

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Accessibility Improvements (Build 18945) Narrator now gives a beautiful and a more efficient reading

experience

whenever

you’re

reading

messages in Outlook or Windows Mail When

the

message

is

opened,

Scan

Mode

automatically turns itself on. This enables users to make good use their arrow keys to read messages in addition to all other Scan Mode hotkeys to jump via the text of the message. Email messages such as newsletters as well as marketing content are continually formatted by using tables to visually represent the way the message will be viewed. For screen reader users, this information might not be needed while reading message. With this newest development, Narrator can now recognize some of these situations and then will remove the information about the table to enable you move through the text contained in the message as quickly as possible. This allows you to be much more 118

efficient during which you’re reading these types of email messages.

Narrator’s Outlook Folder Reading Has Been Greatly Upgraded For An Optimal Triaging Experience As you have a pretty read through your emails in Outlook, like the inbox, Narrator now helps to read the information smoothly and more efficiently. Each line item now begins with the status of the email, like the following; unread, forwarded, etc., followed by the other columns, like from the, subject, etc. Column headers will be put to silence and columns with no information or that have the default (anticipated value) will be silenced, suchlike normal importance or unflagged, etc. Whereas in Outlook, headers can be turned back on when you simply press Narrator + H which will toggle their reading on and off.

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Text Cursor Indicator This one is quite an interesting one to so many users, who may have had issues locating the text cursor while in the middle of a large amount of text, when trying to do a presentation, or on the screen in an educational and informative setting? The new Text cursor indicator will assist you see and locate the text cursor at any given time! Choose from a range of sizes for your text cursor indicator, and then make the color effortlessly for you to see. Or, you could personalize the color of your text cursor indicator of your choice. Open the new Text cursor page, in the Ease of Access settings, just turn on the text cursor indicator, and be in charge of your text cursor!

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CHAPTER 11: UPDATING THE KOREAN IME (BUILD 18941) Earlier in this development cycle, the company brought out updated versions of both the Chinese and Japanese IMEs. As part of the manufacturer’s efforts to modernize and improve these particular set of users typing experience in Windows, an updated version has been rolled out of the Korean IME to all Insiders in the Fast ring. This update will make the IME more secure, dependable, and more beautiful to look at. For those who’re used to the typing in Korean, the modifications will be most noticeable if they write in Hanja; there is a new candidate selection window that makes use of modern controls and clearer typography:

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They’ve also uniquely improved the algorithm used for text prediction whenever users are writing in Korean using the touch keyboard. As it stands now text suggestions will be more accurate and relevant to what the users are writing. With this modification, a couple of known issues are working on addressing: •

Typing very fast with your Notepad may cause

the IME to stop working the way it should. If you notice or experience this, restarting your Notepad should solve it this issue. 123



Pressing hotkeys, suchlike CTRL + A, while in

the middle of typing a Hangul letter has fluctuating behavior across apps.

Quick Event Create From The Taskbar (Build 18936) With this new upgrade, you can now create an event quickly straight from your Calendar flyout on the Taskbar. Just go to the date and time at the lower right corner to select, and the Taskbar to open up the Calendar flyout and then pick your preferred date and begin typing in the text box. You’ll then see inline options that will allow you set a time and location. Note: This feature is accessible in Insider Preview builds both in Fast and Slow rings.

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Passwordless Microsoft Accounts On Your PC Device (Build 18936) For enhanced security and a more impeccable signin experience, you can now allow passwordless signin on your Windows 10 device Microsoft accounts, by going to Settings > Accounts > Sign-in options, and then select ‘On’ underneath ‘Make your device passwordless’. This will help fortify your device signin by switching all Microsoft accounts on your device to a modern multifactor authentication with Windows Hello Face, Fingerprint, or PIN, and then eliminating passwords from Windows device. At this point, don’t set up your Windows Hello yet, you will be walked through the setup experience on your next sign-in. Are you curious how a Windows Hello PIN seam more secure and safe than a password?

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‘ With that said, it’s important to note that, this feature is being rolled out to a little portion of Insiders and this option may not display for all users in Settings. If the toggle isn’t displaying for you yet, you could check back in a week’s time.

Eye Control Improvements (Build 18932) The manufacturer is committed to continuing to extend and upgrade Eye Control based on customer feedback. With this release, there is tremendous improvements in the following key areas, which invite customers’ feedback through the Feedback 127

Hub and also the Microsoft Accessibility Feedback Forum.

Drag-and-drop: One of the most asked features, that perform the mouse drag-and-drop, is now being implemented in Eye Control. When this is turned on from within Eye Control’s settings screen, the exact or precise mouse control tool now permits mouse drag operations, and also the capacity to combine clicks and then drags with Shift and Ctrl modifier keys.

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Pause: Tremendous improvements have been made to the pause experience. When you select the pause button completely, it makes the launchpad to be hidden. When you dismiss it, the launchpad appears again when you close your eyes briefly or look outside the screen. This enables uninterrupted viewing content of full screen, like when you’re watching a video. Similarly, it also permits eye gaze enabled applications which can be used without activating Eye Control features. 129

Switch support: Previously, Dwell was considered as the method for clicking a button. Dwelling can be described as the act of fixing your eyes on part of the screen and also to enable you keep your eyes focused for a specific time duration. In this release, a second activation method is been added to switch. Furthermore, dwell method is used to select the target, but clicking a button is carried out with switch. Under the hood People who desire to create their own gaze enabled applications, can be done when they use the open source Gaze Interaction Library in the Community Toolkit windows. In this change of Eye Control, the user interface is capacitated when you use the same code as in the Gaze Interaction Library. Settings: Settings have been updated enabling you to manage more Eye Control features. This includes permitting some of the new features and more fine control of the number values that modify how reactive the system is to the eye movements. This 130

also enables for a more customized as well as natural feel for your Eye Control experience.

Other Accessibility Improvements (Build 18932) •

Narrator has the ability to automatically start

reading webpages and emails when they are loaded: Do you wish to hear faster the most valuable content? Narrator will begin to read at the main landmark, if there is anyone, or it can fall back to a valid 131

paragraph. Narrator will also start automatically reading emails when they are opened in Outlook and the inbox Mail applications. If you find experiences that aren’t working well, please send us feedback. •

The Magnifier UI now performs better with

dark theme and text sizing options. The picture below showcases two Magnifier windows. The one above shows in Light theme and default text size; while the one at the base is in Dark theme and the text is scaled at 125%.

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Refining Your Notification Settings (Build 18932) In the last few releases, based on users’ feedback, the manufacturer has been seriously working on giving users more control over potential interruptions that may come up. With that said, this brought about the introduction of Focus Assist, that makes users to automatically suppress notifications whenever you’re trying to be 133

focused in the moment and not get interrupted or distracted, and then adding the option to use middle click to discharge or dismiss notifications if you choose to speedily make a notification toast go away. Furthermore, as soon as the settings is discovered, they can be difficult to comprehend. In other to address this issue, a few changes were rolled out, including: 4.

When a notification toast is received, there will now be an inline option to enable the user turn off notifications for that app, or go straight to the app’s notification settings.

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2.

When you get into the app’s notification

settings, you’ll notice that pictures have been added to help express the impact of a certain settings.

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3.

Do you prefer to have all your notifications

muted? With the upgrade, you don’t have to go through the old sound control panel to perform that, it has been added to a top-level option in Notification & Actions Settings. 4.

This is not the only thing added, also, a new

direct link at the top of the Action Center to manage 136

notifications, has been added, therefore, it takes one less step to find the Notification & Actions settings. To create room for this action, the “no notifications” text has been moved down to the middle of the Action Center, this also means that your eyes don’t have to perambulate so long you see it when you’re launching the Action Center from the base of the screen.

Language Settings Improvements (Build 18922) The Global Language Experience team has again unique updates in Language Settings which will make it much more easier for users to view the current state of your language settings at a glimpse. The new overview section allows you to quickly know the languages that are chosen as default for their Windows display, Apps and websites, Regional format, Keyboard, as well as Speech. If everything seems smoothly as expected then you can quickly move on, and click one of the tiles that 137

will transport you to where you need to modify that selection.

Windows Subsystem For Linux 2 (Build 18917) WSL 2 is a new version of the architecture that helps to power the Windows Subsystem for Linux to effectively run ELF64 Linux binaries on Windows. This new architecture, that uses a real Linux kernel, modifies the way these Linux binaries communicates with Windows and even your computer’s hardware, and still gives the same user experience as in WSL 1 (the recent widely accessible version). WSL 2 provides you with the needed fast file system performance

and

also

with

full

system

call

compatibility, that allows you run much more applications like Docker!

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CONCLUSION This book explains A-Z of what you need to know about Windows 10 Enterprise and Windows 10 Pro for Workstation. When you’re done reading this book with the instructions provided, you should be able to turn your PC to what you desire it to be, for better functionality.

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