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The trend of research studies in music education at the University of Southern California: 1924-48

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THE TREND OP RESEARCH STUDIES IN MUSIC EDUCATION AT THE,UNIVERSITY OP SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA, 192lj.-i|.8

A ©lesis Presented to the Faculty of the School of Music University of Southern California

In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Master of Music

by George Duncan Cather June 1950

UMI Number: EP61851

All rights reserved INFORMATION TO ALL USERS The quality of this reproduction is dependent upon the quality of the copy submitted. In the unlikely event that the author did not send a complete manuscript and there are missing pages, these will be noted. Also, if material had to be removed, a note will indicate the deletion.

D is s e r t a t io n P u b i shsn g

UMI EP61851 Published by ProQuest LLC (2014). Copyright in the Dissertation held by the Author. Microform Edition © ProQuest LLC. All rights reserved. This work is protected against unauthorized copying under Title 17, United States Code

ProQuest LLC. 789 East Eisenhower Parkway P.O. Box 1346 Ann Arbor, Ml 4 8 1 0 6 - 1346

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T h is thesis, w r it t e n by

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momE m m m

career

u n d e r the g u id a n c e o f h..%B.. F a c u l t y C o m m it t e e , and approved

by

a ll

its

m e m bers, has been

presented to a n d accepted by the C o u n c i l on G r a d u a t e S tu d y a n d R e s ea rch in p a r t i a l f u l f i l l ­ m e n t o f the re q u ire m e n ts f o r the degree o f -

W e m t w ®£ Stole

D a te . .......

................

F a c u lty Gmnrnjdtee

TABLE OP CONTENTS CHAPTER

PAGE

I.

INTRODUCTION ....

1

The p r o b l e m ................................

II.

Statement of the p r o b l e m ............... .

1

Importance of the study

2

IV.

V.

VI.



Sources of information .....................

3

Organization of remainder of the thesis

Ij.

. •

MUSIC EDUCATION THESES 1921+-19 3 k ............. Summary

III*

..................................

5 10

MUSIC EDUCATION THESES 1935-1937 .............

12

S u m m a r y ................... ................

16

MUSIC EDUCATION THESES 1938-1939 ............

19

S u m m a r y ............. ..................... ..

22

MUSIC EDUCATION THESES 191+0-191+1.............

2l+

S u m m a r y ................. .............. ..

28

.

MUSIC EDUCATION THESES 191*2-191+5............. S u m m a r y ....................................

VII. MUSIC EDUCATION THESES 191*6-191*8

VIII.

1

30 3I+

...........

36

S u m m a r y ....................................

1*0

SUMMARY AND C O N C L U S I O N S .................

1*3

S u m m a r y ....................................

1*3

C o n c l u s i o n s ................................

1*5

BIBLIOGRAPHY

...........................

1+8

iii CHAPTER

PAGE

A P P E N D I C E S ........ .................................. APPENDIX A

Alphabetical Listing of theses and their library callnumbers

APPENDIX B

APPENDIX C

50

5l

Table showing the degrees and years g i v e n ............................... . *

6$

Topical index

66

totheses

...........

CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION During the past few years there has been a definite need for a survey of research studies in the field of music education at the University of Southern California*

It is

interesting to note that the first study in this field was done just twenty-five years ago, making the present time a logical year for such a survey* I.

THE PROBLEM

Statement of the problem.

The sources of information

regarding the theses in.music education here at the University of Southern California are very limited and Incomplete*

It

has been one of the main purposes of the present investiga­ tion to bring the lists of theses up to date, and to make them complete.

Many of the theses written during the war years

191+1 to 191+6 were omitted from the records.

Still others

were completed in the field of education and were consequently not known to the department of music.

It Is the intention

of this survey to provide the graduate music student with a means of readily discovering what has been done in music eduucation at this University, and to help him discover other possible fields for further research.

Formerly the student

has had to .lose valuable time searching through the library for clues for possible studies, oftentimes discovering that

2

what he wished to investigate has already been done*

As there

was no one place that he might find all the necessary infor­ mation within a reasonable amount of time, this survey was undertaken* Importance of the study*

This study will give to the

inquiring student, a complete and accurate picture of what has been done in the field of music education, and will in turn suggest new paths for further investigation.

The stu­

dent may readily see the thesis titles, the degree given, and the year*

Often a thesis title will in itself prove mis­

leading, and the material actually contained therein may be of a nature not too closely allied to the topic itself*

In

the case of many of the earlier theses, the subject topic may be of a very broad nature, and the actual material contained in it may cover only a certain phase of the title*

The

annotations are therefore included to give the reader a more accurate description of the thesis, and in many cases, stat­ ing the method used in arriving at the conclusions*

For

example, the writer may have used the library research, questionnaire, observation, or personal experience method as the basis for the investigation; or, as is more frequently the case, a combination of these methods*

The topical index

will help the student quickly find a thesis dealing with a particular problem or field of study*

The various titles

3 are arranged alphabetically according to the particular field or group to which it belongs#

The charts are included to

show, in the clearest manner possible, the trends in music education as they have occurred during the first twenty-five years.

By reading the names of the thesis titles during any

given period, it is possible to see the direction that music education has taken, and perhaps to be in a better position to predict its future# II.

SOURCES OF INFORMATION

All of the material used in this study was available at the Doheny Library, located on the campus of the University of Southern California#

There were two valuable pamphlets

available which served as beginning points for the study. First was the 11Annotated Index of Theses and Dissertations in Education11 published by the Alpha Epsilon Chapter, Phi Delta Kappa of the University of Southern California, which listed music education theses up to and including 1935* complete with annotations.

These annotations were used in the thesis and

also served as a guide for the other annotations.

The second

pamphlet was the bibliography of Research Studies in Music Education, 1932-19^-8,u published by the Music Educators Nation­ al Conference, which lists about ninety theses for the University of Southern California.

This pamphlet includes

only approximately one-half of the theses written here, and

k therefore makes this study even more important. The actual information for this study was obtained by searching through all of the theses titles in both the refer­ ence room and the education library, and listing all theses having a definite connection with music education.

Yifhenever

there was any doubt about the title being listed under music education, the music education department was consulted.

The

abstracts of the theses were read with a view to making the annotations, and to correcting errors in titles and spellings. The theses themselves were read to supply the information for the years in which the abstracts were not available. III.

ORGANIZATION OF THE REMAINING CHAPTERS

The remaining chapters have been arranged to provide a breakdown of theses according to years.

The divisions into year

groupings were purely arbitrary, and done in such a way that the different groupings would be approximately equal.

Chapter

two will include the years 1921^.-193^* chapter three 1935-1937, chapter four 1938-1939* chapter five 19I4-O-19I1I, chapter six 19li2-19l4-5, and chapter seven 19U6-19I4-8• contain the summary and conclusions. betical listing of all the theses.

Chapter eight will

Appendix A is an alpha­ Appendix B is a chart com­

paring the various types of degrees by years.

Appendix C Is

a topical index to all of the theses, and refers to them by page number.

CHAPTER I I

MUSIC EDUCATION THESES 192l*.-lP3l(. Wagner, Arnold H., Psychology of Vocal Music Teaching, M . A * in Ed., 192i|/, &l\. pp. Historical and theoretical consideration of such problems as the place of music in education, the nature and teaching of rhythm and pitch, and the various methods of vocal music reading. South, Winifred M . , State Requirements for the Certification of Music Supervisors and Teachers in the United States' of America, M.A. in Ed., 1927, 92 pp. Based on state bulletins, questionnaires, and opin­ ions of the authorities in the field. Beeson, Francis H., Methods of Correlating Music with Other School Subjects, M.A. in EdT^ 1928, 103 pp. A compilation and description of methods and devices derived from the literature of the subject and from interviews with thirty-one music teachers. Ferguson, Myrtle, W . , An Analytical and Experimental Study to Develop an Exploratory Course in Junior High School Music, m Ta T in Ed. ,~1928,’ T.’H T p p : -----------------A library investigation of vocational and avocational opportunities in music, a study of the uses of the Seashore Music Ability Tests, and a proposed exploratory course in music. Lynn, Mary M., A Critical Analysis of the Activities of Heads of Music Departments in the Secondary Schools in Southern California, M.A. in Ed., 1 9 2 8 , 8l pp. A questionnaire investigation to ascertain how music department heads spend their time while in school, and to determine whether music departments need better organization. McLeod, Irene, A Study of Methods in Music Appreciation, M.A. in Ed., 192H, 171 pp. A compilation and description of methods or ways of ©njoying music, derived from questionnaire replies from music lovers, music teachers, musicians, and members of musical organizations.

6

Board, Lorraine M. A., A Music Survey Based on an Intensive Analysis of the Thomas Jefferson Flatton School of Glendale, M.A. in Ed., 1930, llj.8 pp. An analysis of the results of a series of music tests given to a whole school in order to discover a basis for forumlating a school program of musical educa­ tion* Schuette, Marie A*, An Evaluation of Opinions of Principals and their Beginning Music Teachers Concerning the Adequacy of Teacher Training Courses Offered by New York Institu­ tions , M.A. in Ed., 1930, 17-U- pp. The study was carried on by means of a questionnaire centering around eight major factors in the training of a public school music teacher. Spurgin, Holland A., A Study of the Dominant Characteristics of Adolescent Children Having Superior Untrained Musical Talent. M.A. In Ed., 1930, pp. A comparative study of the intelligence, school marks, mechanical aptitude, will-temperament, physical develop­ ment, et cetera, of 112 musically gifted children in grades seven and eight, separated by means of the Seashore music tests from some four hundred other seventh and eighth graders with whom they were compared. PiOss, Verne R., The Relations Between Intelligence, Scholastic Achievement, and Musical Talent of Three Racial Groups, Ph.D. in E d . p p . A comparison of scores of the Seashore test received by I4.27 Indian, 3^5 Japanese, and 1, 5ill white children, in grades I|. to 12, with related studies of correlations between musical ability, intelligence, and various scholastic measures. The thesis in general confirms the findings of the maker of the test. Wagner, Carlotta C., An Experimental Study in Economy of Learning Pianoforte Playing with Reference to the fKeory of Formal Discipline and Transfer of Training, Ph.D. in Ed., i$31, 207 pp. An experimental attempt to investigate the extensive and intensive methods of procedure for the study of pianoforte for the purpose of determining the more economical method*

7 Barnett, Helen M., Procedures in Teaching Creative Musict M.A. in Ed., 1932, 166 pp. A compilation of methods and principles contributed by a number of teachers who have stressed the creative approach to music* Cole, Lillian N . , The Musical Abilities and Interests of Junior High ScEool Pupils,' M.A. in Ed*, 193^, 5 9 PP* A study of 5 69 junior high school students tested with the Kwalwasser-Dykema Ability Tests: such results correlated with intelligence quotients, family histories, membership in honor societies, and musical abilities of parents* Colvin, Alice J. C., Status of Music in the Secondary Schools of the United States, M.A. in Ed., 1932, 157 pp. Based on the responses to a questionnaire answered by the supervisors of music in 37 metropolitan cities of over 100,000 population; deals with vocal, instru­ mental, and applied music, the teaching of harmony, theory of music, music appreciation, and musical clubs found in the high schools studied* Norton, Alma M*, Methods of Teaching Sight-Singing in the Elementary and Junior High School, M.A. in Ed., 1932, 199 pp. A systematic compilation of procedures and devices, assembled by means of interviews with teachers and an analysis of the professional literature* Parker, Alan B . , The Relationship of Grades in Music to Grades *±n Other Subjects in High School, M.A. in Ed., 1932* A statistical study of music grades in relation to grades in other subjects, to intelligence quotients, to number of courses taken, to various character traits, and to choice of major and elective subjects; data secured from records of the Pasadena High School from graduating classes of 1926, 1927 $ and 19.28*

8

Solomon, Evalyn A . , An Evaluation of Music Courses in Certain California Junior Colleges, M . A . in Eel., 1932, T?1 pp. An investigation of the course's offered in 27 public junior colleges in California with a study of the gen­ eral ability of 175 orientation students as shown in the Seashore Musical Talent Test; the results correlated with general intelligence and Iowa test scores, Bebermeyer, Orion G., Music Curriculum Offerings and Pupil Elections in Senior High Schools, M.A. in Ed.,'"1933, 70 pp. A study of the time, credit, offerings, and the number and distribution of pupil elections in music in. approximately one hundred senior high schools, Bogen, David, The Significance of Tonal Memory and Sense of Pitch in Musical Talent, M.A. in Ed., 1933> 7$ PP* Ratings of ll}.2 elementary school pupils and 120 members of instrumental classes in a junior high school as to sense of pitch, tonal memory, instrumental apti­ tude, amount of home practice, intelligence, and sing­ ing ability; analysis of scattergrams for relationships not revealed by the coefficient of correlation. Burntess, Rhoda R., Methods of Instruction in Public School Piano Classes, M . S . in Ed., 173 PP* A review of the recommendations of prominent educa­ tors in regard to methods and objectives; for the guidance of music teachers. Hamer, Mabel M . , Exercises Versus Pieces in Teaching Music, M.A. in Ed., 1933V ^ PP* A comparative study of progress made by adult stu­ dents; of interest created; and of methods of technique, form, harmony, and rhythm. Lewison, E. Mildred, A Comparative Study of Certain Class Piano Methods, M.A. in Ed., 1933 9 190 PP* Ten of the leading published systems for group in­ struction in piano analyzed and compared as to aims, schemes of organization, methods of presentation, et cetera.

9 Sperry, Julia M . , Psychological Elements of Musical E n joy­ ment, M.A. in Music/ 1933* l3l PP* A study based on experiments, interviews and methods of teaching seven elements of musical enjoy­ ment. Terhune, Persis C., An Investigation of the Necessary Content of Courses for the Training of Music Teachers, M . A * in Ed., 1933, 137 pp. An analysis of catalogue requirements, state re­ quirements, and proposed curricula for the training of secondary-school music teachers. Byrens, Florence C., An Experiment in the Relative Value of Certain CompositTons for Use in the Senior High School Music Appreciation Class, M.S. in EdTT T93U* 239 pp* Recommendations based on preliminary diagnostic tests, original composition tests, and questionnaires to students and instructors in several schools. Davids, Ina M., Methods and Measurement in the Development of Intelligence in Mus i of Music in the Secondary Schools

17 of the United States,” and ^Psychological Elements of Mu­ sical Enjoyment” are gradually being replaced by more specific titles such as, individual Pupil Development in Piano Classes at Inglewood High School,” and ”Study of Methods of Caring For and Adjusting School Orchestra and Band Instruments.” Notable among the newcomers for this period, is the appearance of studies dealing with, instrumental music*

The

year 1935 marks the appearance of three studies dealing with instrumental music*

Two of these deal with the United

States as a whole and one, the band, in a specific area. Two years later, we see a unique study dealing with the care and repair of band and orchestra instruments* Other trends of this period, show the importance given to junior high school music, and especially of general mu­ sic classes*

More attention is being given to music ap­

preciation classes.

There was some work done on correlat­

ing music with other subjects.

The importance of the

individual student is coming more into the foreground. The survey type of study is more noticeable during this period, than it was during the earlier period.

The ques­

tionnaire method is the dominant feature among these surveys, followed by personal interview and library research. This period also brings about a change in the type of degree given.

All of "the degrees given during the first

18 nine year period, 192lj.-1932 (excepting the two Ph.D. de­ grees), were of the Master of Arts type*

The first Master

of Science degree in music education was given in the year 1933, and in the year 1935, all of the degrees given were of this type.

Also the largest output of degrees was giv­

en during this year and amounted to thirteen in all.

The

year 1937 marks the first Master of Music degree to be giv­ en at this institution and also the beginning of the trend toward this particular type of degree.

CHAPTER I V

MUSIC EDUCATION THESES 1938-1939 Blood, Mary E . , A Proposal For a Course of Study in Music Appreciation for Junior High School Grades, M.M. 1938, loo pp* A proposed course of study in music appreciation for the junior high school based on library research. Bray, Marjorie E., A Survey of Instrumental Music Teaching in Kern County. M.S. in EcT., 1938, li^.8 pp. Questionnaires were sent the eight instrumental teachers of Kern County and compared to recommended procedures as established through research. Kaplan, Leon L., Music as an Aid in the Social Treatment of Boys in Training~TCorrectional) Schools, M.S. in Social Work, 1938, lipH pp. A study made at the Whittier State school for boys, and augmented by use of a questionnaire sent to fiftythree similar institutions throughout the United States. Modell, Clarion, The Cultural Setting of the Works of Mozart, Beethoven, Wagner, Debussy, and Stravinsky as an Element in an Appreciative Study of Their Music, M.S. in Ed., 193^7 139 pp. A study made by reading biographies, letters, crit­ icisms, histories of the world, literature, art and music. Pihlblad, Marie, L., A Study posers of the Nineteenth cal and Cultural Trends, Music Appreciation, M.S.

of the German Romantic Com­ Century in Relation to Politi­ a_s a New Technique in Teaching in Ed., 1938, Uj5~pp.

A study using the library research technique, and showing new techniques of teaching music appreciation. Somerindyke, Ruth H., The Musical Interests and Activities of Music Students in a Junior College, M.S. in Ed., 1^3 8 , 86 pp. The musical interests of the students of Pasadena junior college were studied by means of a questionnaire.

20

Townsend, Arthur 0., The American Folk-Song and Its Influ­ ence on the Work of American Composers, M . A .19381 ll6 p p . A research study including library research, symphony programs, and folk-song music. Weiser, Clifford R., Popular Music as a Medium of Instru­ mental Instruction in Secondary Schools, M.S. in Ed., 1938, l U PP. A study showing the historical background and merit of popular music, based on library research, analysis of music, experimental technique and personal exper­ ience. Brown, Samuel, A Critical Analysis of the Relationships and Implications of Socio-Economic Cliange to Music Educa­ tion, M.S. in EdTl 1939, pp* A study using library research and an investigation of nine Los Angeles city schools. Bruhl, Mary C ., The Use of Cultural Parallels in the Teachof Music, Literature, and A r t , M.S. in Ed., 1939, pp. A study showing the advisability of teaching the cultural parallels in the arts; made by personal ob­ servation and library research. Hamlin Floy L., The Development of the Male Voice From Childhood Through Adolescence, M.S. in Ed., 1939, Idk pp. A survey carried on by means of library research, personal interviews, observations and questionnaires. Hayden, Chester H., A Critical Analysis of S p e c i a l Tech­ niques Used in Teaching A Cappella Singing in Second­ ary Schools in Education, M.S. in Ed., 1939, 200 pp. Immel, Earle B., An Experimental Investigation of the Re­ lationship Between Musical Capacity and Emotional Status of High School Seniors, M.A. 1939, 8l pp. A study done at the San Bernardino, California, high school, by means of tests and measurements in music.

21

Johnson, Edith 0*, Presentation of Materials for Music Ap­ preciation Classes in Secondary Schools, M.M. 1939, 137 pp. A study of methods of teaching music appreciation based on library research. McKee, Mary P., Operetta Production in the Secondary School, M.M. 1939, 105 pp. A library study of the various problems encountered in the production of operettas in the high school and their solutions. Meyer, Stella E., Newer Practices in the Teaching of Vocal Music in Secondary Schools, M.S. in Ed., 1939,T>8 pp. A library study based on the latest journals, pamphlets and other printed material in the field of music education. Rice, H. Lynn, Developing an Instrumental Program in the Public Schools, M.M. 1^59/ 15^4- pp. A study based on library research and personal in­ terviews. Schwuchow, Walter H., An Analysis of Appreciation Courses in Music and the Pine Arts in Junior Colleges, M.S. in Ed., 1939, llj-3 PP. A s tudy based on library research, catalogs of schools and personal observations; showing the weak­ nesses of the appreciation of fine arts courses. Smith, Dorris M . , A Survey of the Use of Music in Religious Education, M.A. 1 9 3 9 / 1 5 5 ’ pp. A survey based on research, conferences, personal interviews, correspondence and personal observation. Sorensen, Ellen M . , Music Instruction in the Elementarv Schools of the Reedley High School District, M.S. in Ed., 1939, 113 PP. A study made by the control experiment method/ questionnaires, personal interviews and library re­ search; and showing the need for special music instruc­ tors*

22

Sturdy, Alice L., The Status of Voice Range of Junior High School Boys. M.S. in Ed., 1939, li]-2 pp. Through use of the questionnaire, the writer has studied the physical, mental and social implications of the voice range of junior high school boys. Swift, E. Hargrove, A Historical Study of the Development of the High School Band. MTX. l93y .~T37 PP. A library research showing the band contest movement and growth to 1936. Wall, Elsie G., Problems of the Choral Conductor in Second­ ary Schools. M.M. 193PT 175 PP* A library research has been made to determine the best procedures in teaching secondary choral music. Weersing, Carolyn R., An Evaluation of the Course of Offer­ ings of the Music Department of ifeadena JuniorDTollege in Terms of Student Personnel. M.S. in Ed., 19397~T65 PP« An investigation of the music interests of students based on cumulative records and questionnaires. Summary.

The most obvious trend during this period,

1938-1939, is the rise of studies pertaining to music ap­ preciation.

Approximately thirty per cent of the theses

are devoted to this field.

These studies begin with the

junior high school level, and extend through college.

They

range from such topics as "A Proposal For a Course of Study in Music Appreciation of the Junior High School Grades," to "The Cultural Setting of the Works of Mozart, Beethoven, Wagner, Debussy, and Stravinsky as an Element in an Appre­ ciative Study of Their Music."

23 Another major trend for this period is in the field of vocal music.

Topics on this subject range from "The

Development of the Male Voice Prom Childhood to Adolescence," and extend to "Operetta Production in the Secondary School." The importance of band music in music education be­ comes more apparent during this period.

These studies

range from general titles such as "Developing an Instrument­ al Program in the Public Schools,” to the more specific one, "A Survey of Instrumental Music Teaching in Kern County." Noteworthy at this time is the thesis entitled, "Popular Music as a Medium of Instrumental Instruction in Secondary Schools."

This is the only thesis in our library dealing

with popular music. Studies devoted entirely to elementary school music are begun in this period with the first thesis devoted to, "Music Instruction in the Elementary Schools of the Heedley High School District."

CHAPTER • V

MUSIC EDUCATION THESES 19l|.0-l*l Allen, Dorothy E . , Indian Music of Mexico up to the Period of the Conquest and the Culture Which Made it What it Was, M.MTT92JU7 1+51+ p p * Material for this study was obtained from libraries bookstores and directly from Mexico; and shows the im­ portance of Indian Music in Mexico, Chase, Charles C., The Care and Training of the Child and Adolescent Voice, M.M. 191+0, lOJ? pp7 This study was based on conferences with vocal authorities, lectures, demonstrations, and the visit­ ing of local schools, Gerbracht, NeVoy A,, The Secondary School Band, M.M. 191+0, 151+ pp. The aims, qualifications of the band leader and suggestions for conducting a high school band are giv­ en on the basis of personal experience and research. Hanson, Helen E., The Criticisms of Music Teaching Taken From Periodicals, M.S. in Ed., 191+0, 128 ppV A tabulation of three hundred and forty-six crit­ icisms of music teaching taken from periodicals, and showing trends and weaknesses up to 191+0. Kraft, Roberta E., Functional Music Activities for Seven Centers of Interest in the Lower Elementary Grades, M.S. in Ed.^ 191+0, l59 pp* A library research study showing theneed creative activities in music education.

for

Look, Norma E., An Experimental Study of Music Instruction in the Fifth and Sixth Grades, M.S. in Ed., 191+0, 91 pp A control study showing the merits of the tradition al and the creative methods of teaching music in the upper elementary grades.

25 Pidduck, Harriet E . , A Study of the Relationship Between the Political and Social Conditions in Russia from l85Q to 1910 and the Music of the R u s s i a n TfFiveir, M.S. in Ed., 1$I{.0, 133 pp. A study showing the close tie of the Russian rtfiveM to their environment, both politically and socially. Priddy, Earl W . , Vocal Music Participation as an Avocation for Adults. M.A. IpipC, 119 PP* A questionnaire study to determine what adults like to sing and a compilation of suggested music. Thompson, George E., The Role of Percepts and Imagery in Vocal Instruction. M.M. 'I9i£0, 9? pp* A study based on library research showing the differences between the tfold school" of singing and the modern scientific way. Trotter, Velma M . , The Status of Music. Dancing, A r t , and Dramatic Instruction in a Selected Group of Mexican Elementary Schools in Los Angeles County, M.S. in Ed., 19I4-O, 133 PP* A questionnaire study showing the need for more special instruction in the creative arts field. Watson, Jack M., Negro Folk Music in Eastern South Carolina. M.M. 19b-0, 85 pp. A study based on first-hand experience and some research. Alexander, Jewell T., The Activities and Training of School Music Teachers in California, M.A. 19I4.I, PP* A questionnaire study of three hundred and sixtytwo music teachers in California showing their train­ ing and present activities. Bergen, George A., An Analysis of Offerings in Music in Certain Secondary Schools, M.S. in Ed., TPlj-1, 126 pp. A questionnaire and personal interview study of forty-five schools in Southern California showing trends of their offerings and the importance of popu­ lar music in education.

26 Bryan, Janice 'W., An Experimental Approach to Building ja Chord Vocabulary for Choral Groups, M.M. 191+1, 05 PP. An experimental study designed for the improving of singing; and using a chord vocabulary built upon the seven tones of a scale as the basis for gaining a ver­ tical or chord concept in choral music. Coe, Carolyn, An Analytical Investigation of Open-Air Sum­ mer Music Concerts in the United States, M.A. 1$%3-, IO8 pp. A library research into the many aspects of out­ door concerts that would be of benefit to the person intending to begin such a program. Erikson, Eunice, An Evaluation of Girlsr Glee Clubs in a Junior High School. M.M. 19^1, 155 P P • An experimental study of the girlsr glee club at Eliot junior high school, Pasadena, California, and the conclusions drawn. Grove, Helene P., A Selective Study of American Music for Use in Courses in Social Living. M.M. 191+1, 13l+ PP* A study showing the importance and value of Ameri­ can folk music, and dividing it into periods for the social living course. Hood, Marguerite V . , A Study of the Materials in the Music Educators National Conference Yearbooks for Use by Music Education Students. M.M. 191+15 1I4J4. pp* Articles in the music educators national confer­ ence yearbooks were classified and indexed, for the years 1925 to 191+0, for easy access by music students. Jones, Donald S . , A Course in Music Appreciation for the Junior College Student, M.M. 191+1, 1+17.pp* A course for music appreciation designed to stimu­ late the interest of the student by going from the nknown to the unknown.”

27 Jones, Lucine E., A Study of the Music Interests and Ac­ tivities of the Music Students in a Four Year High School of l80Q students, M.M. lStpT, ll6 p p • A questionnaire study of 315 music students made to determine their activities and interests; with recommendations for reaching more of the students* Larson, Ardith J., A Review of the Choral Works of Johann Sebastian Bach for the Purpose of Their Presentation to High School Vocal Groups. M.M. 19I4-1 , 6l ppV An analysis of vocal works suitable for high school students and suggestions for their use. Lounsbery, Sophia M . , Current Trends in Music for the Ele­ mentary School, M.S. in E d ., 19^1, 92 pp. The technique of library research and personal interview was used in this study and certain recom­ mendations were made. Marty, Belle M., The Activities and Personnel of NonProfessional Musical Organizations in L o n g u e a c h t Cali­ fornia. M.S. in Ed., 19tj-l, 9U- PP* A questionnaire study of fifteen hundred amateur musicians, showing their background and interests in music• Taylor, Ruel J . , 'The Violoncello in Music Literature, M.A. 195-1, 152 pp. A study of the solo literature, the composers, and the comparison of a concerto of the l8th, 19th, and 20th centuries for the violoncello. Tocus, Clarence S., The Negro Idiom in American Musical Com­ position, M.M. 19^1, 1Ij-3 PP* The study is based on actual acquaintainship with the composers and their music and supplemented by library research.

28 Vincent, Jean S., An Evaluation of Music Readings for Sen­ ior High School Libraries, M.S. in E d ~ 19I4-1 , 122 pp. An investigation into music books suitable for the high school library with an annotated list of music readings. Wiens, Jacob P . , An Investigation of the Housing and Equip­ ment of Instrumental Music Departments in the High Schools of the San Joaquin Valley, M.S. in E d . , 1914-1* 139 pp. A research into what is considered best in the way of housing and equipment for instrumental music departments, and comparing this with actual conditions in the San Joaquin Valley. Summary.

The period 19l|0-19lj-l, has shown a very

marked decrease in research studies in music appreciation. The two year period preceding 19l|0-19lj-l, had music appre­ ciation as its main emphasis, whereas, the period now in question, listed only one thesis in this field.

The major

trend of music research during this period has been towards vocal music, which of course had its beginnings in the 1938-1939 period. Instrumental music has maintained a more or less constant level during the period in question. emphasis still centers around the band.

Its main

A very notable

newcomer in this field, and one which we shall see more and more of as we progress forward, is the thesis dealing with a specific instrument.

This is of twofold importance.

It shows the trend toward individual instruments and also

29 the trend toward the more specific and restricted type of %

thesis as contrasted with the more general type of earlier years. Of even more significance to the field of music education, is the trend toward elementary music.

These

studies all reflect the more recent philosophy of music education; the active versus the passive type of program. They investigate the teaching of elementary music as func­ tional and creative forces in the lives of the children. Another trend in music education is toward correlat­ ing music with other subjects.

The authors of these theses

have shown how music can be used to enrich other subjects. These studies illustrate the important role of music educa­ tion and the importance of correlation in general.

CHAPTER V I

MUSIC EDUCATION THESES 19k2~19k5 Davis, Ruth E., A Study of the Trends in Music Reading in the Elementary Schools, M . M . 191+2, 79 pp* A study based on library research, a questionnaire, andshowing the trend toward the creative activity mu­ sic program. Emmitt, Thomas G . , The Church Music of Henry Purcell with Special Reference to its ~Usefulness~Tor Performance in Schools, M.M. 191+2, 87 PP* A study based on library research, and an analysis of the music; with ah arrangement of an anthem for chorus and orchestra# Pasoli, Guy A., An Occupational Study of the Vocations in Music in the Los Angeles Area, M.S. inEd.^ 191+2, 82 pp. A study made by research and questionnaire, showing how the high school music student can use music as a vocation. Hartshorn, William C., Making Friends with Music, M.M. 191+2, 619 pp* A book on music appreciation, divided into six­ teen sections which have been published, and contains pictures, musical examples and other material found in printed books. Johnson, Valdemar N.L., An Analysis of Method Books for Teaching Stringed Instrument Classes in the Public Schools, M.S. in Ed., 191+2, 1$9 pp* A critical survey of all methods for string instru­ ment instruction, with recommended procedures. Martin, Phil H . , The French Horn: Its'History, Technique and Literature, M.A. 191+2T 171 PP* A library research study having charts, pictures and musical illustrations; with a section on famous horn players.

31 MeKean, Ruth A., Singing Britain; Materials and Suggestions for a Unit on the English Folksong and Other Early Eng­ lish Music Suitable for Use in a Social Living Course In fee Junior High School, M.M. l9lj.£, 100 p p • A study based on library research. Meyer, Leontone The Use of the Radio in Teaching Music, M.S. in Ed., 19ij-2, 120 pp. A study carried on by means of library research, correspondence and interviews, to determine the best means of teaching music by use of the radio. Mitchell,. Josephine, A Study of Plans to Provide Musical Training for the In-Service Elementary School Teacher, M.M. 195-2, 73 PP* A research study suggesting methods of teaching music to the general elementary school teacher. Parrett, Helen K . , The Development of a Music Unit as Part of the New Program in Social Living in JuniorHigh School, M.M. 19h2, 107 pp. A study showing the integration of music with other subjects; with special attention given to China. Penny, Adrienne Z., A Study of the Relationship of Musical' Ability and General Intelligence to Music Reading, M.S. in Ed., 1^+2, 82 pp. A study made by comparing the ability to read piano music at sight and the general intelligence quo­ tient. Peterson, Lawrence L., A Manual for Singing Schools in the South, M.S. in Ed., 191+2, 100 pp. A singing manual prepared by research and inter­ views with the singing teachers in the south. Quinto, 0. Leonard, A Survey of the Use of Music in the En­ tertainment Fil m , M.M. 19^2, 2I4.O pp. A survey based on library research, personal in­ terviews, trips to the studios and observations of the actual films#

32 Rathbun, Lloyd R . , The Oboe Manual; a Handbook for Music Ed­ ucators and School Oboists; Common Sense Information about the Oboe for Everyone Who Needs It, M.A« 19^-2, llj-B p p . A thesis based on actual knowledge of, and exper­ ience with the instrument, both as a teacher and as a professional performer. Rogers, Harold M . , Music Teaching Problems and Aids for Their Solution. M.S. in Ed., 19U-2, 202 pp. Problems of teaching music for the elementary teach­ er with no special music training, were listed by the teachers themselves, with their solutions also given. Schwarzmann, Everett E., Vaughn Williams f Vocal Style as Applied to Songs and Choral Music. M.A. 19i|-2, 92 pp. This study consisted of library research and an analysis of the music. Scott, Jeannette M . , A Survey of Visual-Aid Materials for Music Education, M.M. 19q-2, 227 pp* A study made by use of questionnaires sent to the various distributors of visual-aid materials. Stevenson, Charlotte F., Public Production as an Aid to Music Education. M.M. 1914-2 , 9& pp* The public performance and its importance based on library research, interviews and personal experiences. Waite, Harlan R., An Investigation of the Development of A Cappella Music to the Sixteenth Century, M.A. 19^4-2 , 221 pp. A study making use of both library research and analysis of the music itself. Wright, Thelma L., The Training of Elementary Teachers in Music in California, M.S. in EdTJ 19^4-2 , 7$ PP* A study was made of the music curricula of three institutions in California authorized to train ele­ mentary teachers, and to compare this with the opinions of the leaders in the field of music education.

33 4 Adams, Barbara J . , A Survey and Evaluation of Children ^ Books About Music, M.M. 19k-3~$ 260 pp. One hundred and fifty music books of all types were examined to determine which would be suitable for . young children. Anderson, LuRuth C., A Survey of the Art of Conducting as Exemplified in the Work and Ideas of some of the Prom­ inent Present-Day Conductors, M.A. 191+3V "H 7 PP* The library research and questionnaire method were used in determining the more important phases of con­ ducting; ' with letters from famous conductors in the appendix. Parcels, Dorothy B., The Importance of Folk Songs in the Development of World Citizenship, M.M. 191+37 H O PP* A study of the folk elements of music that are common to all nations* Schlager, Wilfred C., Factors Relating to Success in the Study of the Violin, M.A. in Ed., 195+3* 39 pp. A study of 299 students in Kansas City, Missouri, showing what factors are most reliable in determining the probable success in the study of“ the violin. Early, Elizabeth, Twentieth Century Suites as an Introduc­ tory Unit in Music Appreciation at College Freshman Level, M.M. 191+1+* 162 pp. A library research study showing how the twentieth century orchestral suites may be used in music apprecia­ tion classes. Bishop, Dorothy, Suggested Preparation for the Creative Use of Piano in School Musict M.M. 19l+5. ll+O PP* An experimental study conducted at the University of Southern California showing the possibilities of the creative use of the piano. Edmiston, Joseph F., Musical Needs and Interests of Pupils in a California High School, M.M. 191+5* 160 pp. A questionnaire study of the Oxnard Union High School for the purpose of improving the music curricu­ lum.

314Good, Merle K., Development of an Advanced Class Instruc­ tion Book for Band, M.M. 1953* 199 p p • An analysis of present band methods, their short­ comings and recommendations for a new method. Henry, Robert A., An Analytical Survey of Modern Trends in Piano Technique. M7 m . 19137 105 p p .-------------------The history and philosophy of piano technique, and the most important contributors to this field* Summary*

The war years, 19l|2-l9k-59 brought about

only minor changes in the trend of music education.

There

were no sudden changes, or quick rises to importance in a given field,

as far as music education was concerned.

The

research studies indicate a more cautious approach to changes or ideas.

As might be expected, the single largest

output of theses for any one year, occurred in 191-1-2.

Fol­

lowing this year, the quantity of work greatly decreased, until in the year 19W4-, only one thesis was completed in music education. Most notable among trends during these war years is the sudden and rather bold entrance of the audio-visual field.

It was at about this same time that the audio­

visual field got its main boost in the education field in general.

This was unquestionably advanced by the great

stress given this form of training by the armed forces. Vocal music remained an important element in music

education, and instrumental music made slight advances. The individual instrument was the dominant member of this instrumental trend.

This tends to heighten the importance

of the general trend seen throughout all research in music education, namely the shifting of importance from the gen­ eral to the specific topic# Studies in elementary music education also declined during this period#

It would be interesting to know the

reasons for this, and many probable answers could be given, but it does not lie in the scope of this present work to pursue these various pathways#

CHAPTER V I I

MUSIC EDUCATION THESES 19J+6-19J+8 Baker, Milton L . , A Course in Functional Music Appreciation with an Analysis of the Problems Involved. M.M* 19^4-6, iso pp. A study based on interviews with students, teachers and personal experiences; with recommendations for a course of study* Cather, Ella V., A Course of Study in Beginning Music for the Secondary Schools,M.S. in E d . , 19lj-6, 136 pp* A course of study based on the problems of music as seen by the student and teacher, with recommended sources for their solution* Henry, Hiram H., The Organization and Development of Small Instrumental Ensembles in the Public Schools, M.M* 19^4-6, 139 pp. A study based on research and personal experience, and showing the carry-over into adult life of the small ensemble performer. Idol, Virginia, A Possible Development of the Sound Film for Music Instruction, M.A. lyl+6, 125 pp. A survey of the available material for music in­ struction through use of the sound film, and recom­ mendations for its improvement. Lewis, Marjorie L., A Critical Analysis of the Teaching Methods of Vibrato for Violin. M.M. 1 9 l 85 pp* An investigation of the available materials con­ cerning vibrato for the violin and their uses for the teacher. Reimer, Arthur L*, Mexican Indian Folk Music and its Educa- ' tional Values, M.S. in Ed., 19^6, 115 PP* A tape recorder was used to record the folk music of Mexico; it was musically notated, translated into English and its educational values presented.

37 Rogers, Pern, Creative Music for African Children, M.M. 19^6, 257 pp. A study made from actual experience with the chil­ dren of Kavirondo, Africa, and implemented by library research* Rush, Ralph E., The Classical Woodwind Quintet* Its History* Literature * and Place in the Music Program of the American Schools, M.M. 194-^, 63 pp. A study based on extensive research into libraries, music publishers, correspondence with experts in the field, and personal knowledge and experience* Santee, Esther M . , The Use of Television in Music Education, M.M. 191+6, 287 pp. The history of television and how it may be used in music education. A study based upon correspondence and personal interviews* Snow, Ira J . , A Study of the Five Civilized Indian Tribes of Oklahoma; a Unit of Work Integrating Music * Art * English, and Oklahoma History in the Junior High School, m m

. .ig&TlkTTF.------ ----------------

A study using books, museums, conferences, and correspondence with authorities on Indian culture. Blair, Leola R . , A Study of the Cultural Heritage of the Cal­ ifornia Children from the Indians * M.M. 19k-l$ PP* A library and museum research showing how Californ­ ia children are influenced by the Indian culture* Dawley, Muriel E., A Pageant for High School * Based on an Analytical Study of Minstrelsy through the Ages * M.A. 191+7, nil. pp. A pageant, making use of folk music and dances through the ages, and including the present; complete with stage directions, music and dance routines. Knox, Richard A . , A Survey of Certain Aspects of Army In­ struction and their Probable Implications for Music Edu­ cation T n the Rublic Schools, M.M. 191-1-7* 8T"~pp* An analysis of the teaching methods of the Army and their implications for the teacher in music educa­ tion.

38 Leskinen, Veikko, 0., Finnish Folk Music Suitable for Use in the American Classroom, M.M. 191+7, 1614. pp. The material was gathered from three Finnish women and the writerfs relatives in Finland. Some of the songs were recorded and others were arranged for school groups. Pasek, John J., The Place of the Violin in the Elementary J School Music Program, M.M, 191-1-7, 190 pp. A library research study into the history of the violin in public schools, reasons for its decline, and recommendations for improving the situation, Rahn, John F., The Beginning Bassoonist; a Melodic Approach to the Problems in Bassoon Playing, M.M, 19i|7, ll+ pp. A bassoon method designed for the beginner, or public school teacher, complete with pictures, charts, and musical examples. Ruland, A . C ., Music Schedules in Certain Secondary Schools in the State of Colorado, M.S. in Ed., 191+7, 5& PP* A questionnaire study made to determine the amount of time allotted to instrumental and vocal groups and to ascertain the different types of schedules used in high schools with over 2$0 enrollment in Colorado. *

Sieff, Leonard B . , The Viola a n d 'its Role in Solo and Cham­ ber Music, M.M. 391+7, lftl pp. A study based on library research and personal in­ terviews with many of the important violists in the United States. Siemon, Carl W., An Informal Experiment in Enriching the Seventh Grade Social Studies through ja Program of Music Integration, M.M. 191+7, 66 p p . A study carried on by research, personal interviews, questionnaires, and an experiment conducted at John Burroughs Junior High School. Thienes, Kenneth R . , A Manual for the Senior High School A Cappella Choir, M.S. in Ed., 191+7, 106 pp. A study made by conferences, observations and re­ search.

39 Vess, Wilber F., A Survey of the Music Interests of Seventh Grade Students in the Compton Union Secondary School District, M.S. in Ed., 19l|-7, 7S PP* The questionnaire method has been used and recom­ mendations given. Washburn, Raymond L., The Technics in the Art of Violin Playing From the Stand-Point of Individual or Group In­ struction'in the Public Schools. M.M. 1914-7. 190 pp. A study based on research, interviews with violin teachers and personal experience* Davidson, George L . , A Survey of Los Angeles Public High School Pipe Organs and Electronic Organs and their Use in Education. M.M. 1 9 W ^ 75 PP* A personal investigation of the pipe organs in the Los Angeles Schools with reference to structure, indi­ vidual designs, adequacy and suggestions for their use in organ classes. McCargar, Howard W., An Investigation of Two Lesser Known Works of George Frederick Handel and their Suitabillty For Performance by Student Groups. M.M. 1$%B7 129 pp. An analysis of uThe Ode For St. Cecelias1 Day,” and "The Utrecht Te Deum and Jubilate” with suggestions for their use by student groups. Peterson, Walter H., A Survey ofthe Rehearsal Techniques and Procedures of the Public School Concert Band. M.S. in E d ~ 1 9 P 7 " 170 pp. A study based on reviewing current literature in the field, questionnaires, and drawing conclusions as to trends and practices in the field. Heist, Lloyd A., The Slide Trombone. Its History. Literature. and Use in the American Schools. M.M. 19I4.&/ 111 pp* A study using library research and periodicals. Richards, John K . , The Brass Sextet; a Study of Its Instru­ ments, History, Literature and Position in Instrumental Music Education. M.M. 19lj-b. lljQ pp. A research study giving the history of each of the instruments, with pictures, and a list of recommended sextet literature; some of which is unpublished.

k-0 Schwab, Julius D., An Investigation of the Problems and Val­ ues involved in the Use of Audio Equipment in Teaching of Public School Music, M.M. l'9ij-8, 83 pp • Information for this study was gathered by library research and advertising brochures. Swan, Pred C., A Study of Vocal Methods and Tone Production and their Application to the Young-Adult Singerfs Pro­ blem , M .M . 191+8, 107 p p . A study using library research and personal inter­ views. Testa, Walter, The Status of Sight Singing in the Secondary Schools, 19QQ~19ll7. M . S . in Ed.*^ I9I4-B, 208 pp. A library research showing the trends of sight sing­ ing by different periods in the United States. Theno, Ellsworth C., A Study of William B y r d 1s Choral Works with Reference to School Performance, M.S. in Ed., IpTpB*, 1 9 5 PP* An analysis of a part of the choral works of Wil­ liam Byrd showing how they may be used in school per­ formance. Zech, Norman P., The Classic String Quartet t Its History, Literature, and Place In the Music Program of the American Schools. M.M. 19^8, 115 PP* A study made by library research and correspondence with lists of material and charts given* Summary*

The trend of research studies in music ed­

ucation during this last period studied, 19 ^4-6 - 19I4.8 , shows a decided swing toward the field of instrumental music.

The

larger share of these studies deal with a particular instru­ ment.

The importance of the violin to music education iS

readily seen in looking through the various titles.

The

music educators have become more conscious of the need for

Ij-l developing the string player, and especially so in the ele­ mentary field.

This is made especially evident by such

titles as, ,fThe Place of the Violin in the Elementary School Program." A nev/comer to the field of music education,

and one

which helps emphasize the instrumental approach, is the rn

small ensemble.

Ahis period has given us no less than four

studies in this field.

The importance of the small ensemble

to music education is becoming more and more apparent, as is evidenced by the amount of research being done in this field. Interest in vocal music is still very much in evi­ dence*

In fact, it has remained the most constant among

the various types of studies in music education.

There has

been considerable research done to make available for school use, music of our earlier composers* and works which were heretofore either too difficult, or not available for school purposes. The audio-visual field, as might be expected, is still progressing strongly.

With the many new developments

and possibilities in this field, it will undoubtedly contin­ ue to grow. Other trends worthy of notice,

are the more frequent

appearances of studies involving folk music, creative activ­ ities, and correlation of music with other subjects.

Con­

spicuous by their absence are studies concerning the elemen­ tary school and psychological experiments.

Also worthy of

h-2 mention, are the types of degrees given. grees were for the Master of Arts.

The earlier de­

Next the trend turned

in favor of the Master of Science degree, and finally the trend has'shifted in favor of the Master of Music degree. A careful study of the Chart in Appendix B on page 65 will show in detail this development.

CHAPTER V I I I

SUMMARY AND -CONCLUSIONS This study has brought to light many interesting facts concerning the trends in music education at this insti­ tution from 192lj.-19ll6»

Changes in emphasis from certain

phases of music teaching to other phases become evident, and so also could be seen the first appearance of new ideas, their growth and development, and sometimes also their decline in popular favor*

Parallels may be drawn between these

trends in music education, and the general social and econo­ mic trends of which they are a part* Summary*

An analysis of the first ten years of re­

search in music education, indicates that the psychological and experimental type of study received most of the atten­ tion of our students in this field*

Although interest in

this type of study decreased rather suddenly after the Ini­ tial ten year period, it has never left us completely.

We

see scattered studies covering the entire period I92I4.-19I18, and it is safe to assume that this objective type of re­ search will be with us for many more years. Vocal music, throughout the period of this study, has been consistently the most in evidence*

In each period

studied, it held a second place position in the total number

v+ of studies, and in the period 19l+0-19i|-l, it led all fields in total output* The secondary field of education has consumed the majority of all theses in music education.

Notable excep­

tions to this were the years 1935-19375 when junior high school music became very evident, and i9if.O-i9l4.l5 the period of elementary^school music.

Studies at the college level

are in evidence throughout the entire period studied* Studies in the appreciation of music have been in constant evidence.

The years 1938-19395 produced the

strongest trend in this particular direction, with approx­ imately thirty per cent of all theses dealing directly with the subject.

Since this period, music appreciation studies

show a noticeable decline in popularity. The subject of folk music came into evidence in about 19I4-O.

This trend is gaining in strength and popularity and

unquestionably has a great future in store for it.

Music

heretofore unknown to most of us, is being collected and made available and useable for school work.

Folk songs

are proving of the utmost importance in our new integrated systems of education. Probably the most steady and gradual growth in the field of music education, has been in the instrumental field* The piano was the first of this group to make its appear­ ance, and the year 1935 marks the beginning of the general

kS studies in instrumental music*

These earlier studies

dealt largely with bands, and the trend of instrumental music has been very definitely toward the band field* Studies dealing with individual instruments came into evi­ dence around 191+0, with the later years producing more and more of these.

The last two years, 191+6-191+8, has produced

the latest of the instrumental trends, the small ensemble* Beginning with the war year 191+2, and progressing steadily since that time, we have the trend toward the audio-visual field which is relatively new, and one promis­ ing much more to come. There are, of course, many other types of studies in music education, which will not be included in this summary, as they establish no definite pattern or trend.

Y/orthy

of mention, not because of a trend, but rather due to the quantity of work dealing with the subject, is the general title "correlation of music with other subjects*" Conclusions.

The period 192lj.-19J+8, has shown us

both the strength and weaknesses in our program of music education.

In general, the trend of research studies in

music education at this institution parallels closely those of other institutions, and in turn, the whole of the United States.

Prom these former trends, we may be partially

able to determine the future course of music education, and

Ip6 be in a better position to help guide its future* Certain fields of music education have been either wholly or partially neglected by our music research students* The most notable in this group is the orchestra*

There

are no studies dealing separately with the orchestra, on any level, and only a very few surveys include any material in this field*

There is undoubtedly a connection between

this, and the lessening of interest in our string programs in the public school.

There has been only one study in

the field of music theory.

If we are to include music

theory in our public schools, then perhaps we should encour­ age research along this line.

The number of studies at the

elementary school level indicates a need for improvement here also*

Music educators will generally agree that a

good music program must begin at the elementary level.

The

reasons for a lack of interest at the elementary school level are of course obvious.

First of all, the difference

in salary between the elementary and secondary levels, and secondly, students receiving their masters degree almost always aim toward the higher levels of education.

There is

a definite lack of studies correlating the school with the various community music programs, such as church and'local civic music organizations. The last twenty-five years has produced a trend in •s„

the type of degree given.

The Master of Arts degree was

kl the first to be used in music education, followed by the Master of Science degree.

Since the war, the Master of

Music degree has largely replaced the two earlier type3 of degrees, due, no doubt, to the greater emphasis given to music and music teaching in its content* In conclusion, the type of research studies in music education has changed giving us another trend.

The earlier

studies were of a broad and general nature, consequently not as adequately or as thoroughly written; whereas the later studies became more specific in nature and each topic more effectively handled*

BIBLIOGRAPHY

A.

BOOKS

Campbell, William G., A Form Book for Thesis Writing, Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1939* 121 pp. Carter V. Good, A.S. Barr & Douglas C. Scates, The Metho dology of Educational Research. New York: D* Apple ton-Century Company, Inc., 1935* 889 pp* B.

PUBLICATIONS OF LEARNED ORGANIZATIONS

Larson, William S., Bibliography of Research Studies in Music Educ at ion l932-lyjlo. "Chicago: Music Educators National Conference, 19^9. 119 pp. Weersing, Frederick J., Annotated Index of Theses and Dis­ sertations in Education. (University of Southern Cali fornia School of Education! University of Southern California: Alpha Epsilon Chapter of Phi Delta Kappa, 1936. 133 PP. C.

UNPUBLISHED MATERIALS

Hood, Marguerite V . , ,TA Study of the Materials in the Music Educators National Conference Yearbooks for Use by Music Education Students.” Unpublished Master’s Thesis, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, Cali­ fornia, 19ip-. 1I4J+ pp. Kent, Hazel E., "Trends in the Development of Music Education in the United States.” Unpublished Master’s Thesis, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, Cali­ fornia, 1935* 391 pp*

APPENDIX

APPENDIX A.

MUSIC EDUCATION THESES 192l*.-19l*8

LISTED ALPHABETICALLY WITH LIBRARY CALL NUMBERS Mu *14.3 A 211

Adams, Barbara J., "A Survey and Evaluation of Childrens Books about Music,” M.M. 1914-3#

Mu *37 A 216

Adams, Robert D. W., "Masterpieces of Literature for the Music Lover," M.M. 1937#

M u * fI(.2 A 376

Alexander, Jewell T#, "The Activities and Training of School Music Teachers in California," M.A. ■191*1.'

Mu *I4.I Allen, Dorothy E., "Indian Music of Mexico up to the A ij.25 Period of the Conquest and the Culture Which Made it What it Was,” M.M. 19I4.O. Mu ,If_3 Anderson, LuRuth C., "A Survey of the Art of ConductA 5^-7 ing as Exemplified in the Work and Ideas of some of the Prominent Present-day Conductors,” M.A. 19l*3.

Mu fIj-7 Baker, Milton L., ”A Course in Functional Music ApB 168 p r e d a t i o n with an Analysis of the Problems In­ volved," M.M. I 9 I4-6 . Ed *32 B 2ol

Barnett, Helen M . , "Procedures in Teaching Creative Music,” M.A. 1932#

Ed *33 B 3§7

Bebermeyer, Orion G., "Music Curriculum Offerings and Pupil Elections in Senior High Schools,” M.A. 1933.

Ed f28 12

Beeson, Francis H . , "Methods of Correlating Music with other School Subjects,” M.A. 1928.

Ed 1Ipl Bergen, George A., "An Analysis of Offerings in Music B I{.95 in Certain Secondary Schools," M.S. I9q-1. Mu iljj? B 622

Bishop, Dorothy, "Suggested Preparation for the Creative Use of Piano in School Music," M.M. 1914-5*

Mu !!j.8 B 635

Blair, Leola R., "A Study of the ^ultural Heritage of the California Children from the Indians," M.M. 1914-7 .

Mu *39 B 655

Blood, Mary E . , "A Proposal for a Course of Study in Music Appreciation for Junior High School Grades-," M.M. 1938.

52

Ed *30 B 662

Board, Lorraine M.A., "A Music Survey Based on an Intensive Analysis of the Thomas Jefferson Platton School of Glendale, California,,f M.A. 1930*

Ed *33 B 674

Bogen, David, "The Significance of Tonal Memory and Sense of Pitch in Musical Talent," M.A. 1933*

Ed *38 B 827

Bray, Marjorie E., "A Survey of Instrumental Music Teaching in Kern County," M.S. 1938*

Ed f39 B 879

Brown, Samuel, "A Critical Analysis of the Relationships and implications of Socio-economic Change to Music Education," M.S. 1939.

Ed *38 B 886

Bruce, Edna M . , "An Investigation of Glee Club Activities in the Secondary Schools of California," M.S. 1937.

Ed f39 B 892

Bruhl, Mary C., "The Use of Cultural Parallels in the Teaching of Music Literature, and Art," M.S. 1939.

Mu *Ij_l , Bryan, Janice W., "An Experimental Approach to BuildB 915 ing a Chord Vocabulary for Choral Groups," M.M. 195-1. Ed *33 B 973

Burntess, Rhoda R*, "Methods of Instruction in Publie School Piano Classes," M.S. 1933*

Ed *35B 995

Byrens, Florence C., "An Experiment in the Relative Value of Certain Compositions for Use in the Senior High School Music Appreciation Class," M.S. 1935-.

Ed *k7 C 3o3

Cather, Ella V., "A Course of Study in Beginning sic for the Secondary Schools," M.S. 1956.

Mu-

Mu fIpO Chase, Charles C., "The Care and Training of the C I4.87 Child and Adolescent Voice," M.M. 19q-0. Ed *37 G 555-

Christensen, Arden H., "Certain Trends in Vocal Music Teaching Methods," M.S. 1937.

Mu *5-1 C 672

Coe, Carolyn, "An Analytical Investigation of OpenAir Summer Music Concerts in the United States," M.A. 1951.

Ed *32 C 689

Cole, Lillian N * , "The Musical Abilities and Interests of Junior High School Pupils," M.A. 1932.

53 Ed *32 C 727

Colvin, Alice J.C., "Status of Music in the Second&ry Schools of the United States," M.A. 1932*

Ed *3!+ D 251

Davids, ^na M., "Methods and Measurement in the Development of Intelligence in Music Appreciation," M.S. 193k*

Mu *Ip8 D 252

Davidson, George L., "A Survey of 'Los Angeles Public High School Pipe Organs and Electronic Organs and Their Use in Education," M.M. 191+8.

Mu *1+2 D 263

Davis, Ruth E., "A Study of the Trends in Music Reading in the Elementary Schools," M.M. 191+2.

Mu *1+8 D 271

Dawley, Muriel E., "A Pageant for High School, Based on an Analytical Study of Minstrelsy Through the Ages," M.A. 191+7*

Ed *31+ D 5§2

Dimitt, Gail M., "An Investigation of Instruction in Vocal Music in Public Schools of the United States," M.A. 1931+*

Mu *1+5 E 12

Early, Elizabeth, "Twentieth Century Suites as an Introductory Unit in Music -Appreciation at Col­ lege Freshman Level," M.M. 191+1+*

Mu *1+6 Edmiston, Joseph F., "Musical Needs and Interests of E 2l+ Pupils in a California High School," M.M. 191+5* Ed *37 Elliot, Lois A., "A Survey of the Music Interests E 1+63 of Junior and Senior High School Pupils," M.S. 1937* Mu *1+2 Emmitt, Thomas G., "The Church Music of Henry Purcell E 51+ with Special Reference to its Usefulness for Performance in Schools," M.M. 191+2. Mu *kl E 08

Erikson, Eunice, "An Evaluation of Girls* Glee Clubs In a Junior High School," M.M. 191+1*

Ed *1+2 Fasoli, Guy A., "An Occupational Study of the VocaF 2l+8 tions in Music in the Los Angeles Area," M.S. 191+2 . Ed *28 1+5

Ferguson, Myrtle W . , "An Analytical and Experimental Study to Develop an Exploratory Course in Junior High School Music," M.A. 1928.

$k Ed *35 F 732

Forsblad, Arthur C., "A Study of Band Group Instruction Methods,” M.S. 1935*

Ed *37 F 9§2

Funk, Mary P. (Mrs* Slaughter), ”An Analysis and Evaluation of Basic Parallels Common to Music and Visual Art,” M.S., 1937.

Mu fL|_0 G 3614-

Gerbracht,. NeVoy A*, M.M. I9I4-O.

Mu G

*1|6 . 6)4.6

”The Secondary School Band,”

Good, Merle K . , "Development of an Advanced Class Instruction Book for Band," M.M. 19)4-5.

Mu fi|-2 - Grove, Helene F., "A Selective Study of American G 883 Music for Use in Courses in Social Living,” M.M. I9I4-*. Ed *33 Hamer, Mabel. M#, "Exercises Versus Pieces in TeachH 21I4. ing Music,” M.A., 1933. Ed H

*39 223

Ed *35 H 2I4.9

Hamlin, Floy L * ,"The Development of Male Voice Childhood through Adolescence,” M.S. 1939.

from

Hansen, Lily E., "An Experimental Study of the Effeet upon Different Types of Children of a RoutineIncidental Method of Teaching Sight Singing,” M.S. 1935.

Ed 1Ipl H 25l

Hanson, Helen E . , "The Criticisms of Music Teaching Taken from Periodicals,” M.S. I9I4-O.

Mu fJl|_2 H 335

Hartshorn, William C., "Making Friends with Music,” M.M. 19l|-2.

Ed *39 H I4-II4.

Hayden, Chester H., "A Critical Analysis of Special Techniques Used in Teaching A Cappella Singing in Secondary Schools in Education,” M.S. 1939.

Mu *14.7 H 522

Henry, Hiram H . , "The Organization and Development of Small Instrumental Ensembles in the Public Schools,” M.M. 1914-6 .

Mu 114.5 H 523

Henry, Robert A., "An Analytical Survey of Modern Trends in Piano Technique,” M.M. 19)4-5.

Mu fipl H 777

Hood, Marguerite V., "A Study of the Materials in the Music Educators National Conference Year­ books for Use by Music Education Students,” M.M. 1914-1.

55 Ed *36 H 939

Hunt, Adeline, "A Trial Course of Study in SeventhGrade Required Music,11 M.S. 1936*

Ed *36 H 9k9

Huntington, Paul A., "A Survey and Summary of the Literature on the High School Operetta,11 M.S.

Mu *I4.6 I 21

Idol, Virginia, "A Possible Development of Sound Film for Music Instruction," M.A. 1914-6 *

Ps *39 I 32

Immel, Earle, B., "An Experimental Investigation of the Relationships between Musical Capacity and Emotional Status of High School Seniors," M.A. 1939.

Mu *k0 J 66

Johnson, Edith 0*, "Presentation of Materials for Music Appreciation Classes in Secondary Schools," M.M. 1939.

Ed *14-2 J o9

Johnson, Valdemar N.L., "An Analysis of Method Books for Teaching Stringed Instrument Classes in the Public Schools," M.S. 19k2*

Ed *36 J 73

Johnston, Marion L . , "An Analysis of Books on Music Appreciation," M.S. 1935•

Mu *14.1 J 76

Jones, Donald S., "A Course in Music Appreciation for the Junior College Student," M.M. 19lp-•

Mu *k2 J 77

Jones, Lucine E., "A Study of the Music Interests and Activities of the Music Students In a Four Year High School of 1800 Students," M.M. 19ki*

So *38 K 17

Kaplan, Leon L*, "Music as an Aid in the Social Treatment of Boys in Training (Correctional) Schools," M.S. 1938.

Ed *35 K 37

Kent, Hazel E., "Trends in the Development of Music Education in the United States," M.S. 1935*

Mu *I4-7 K 7q-

Knox, Richard A., "A Survey of Certain Aspects of Army Instruction and Their Probable Implications for Music Education in the Public Schools," M.M. 19k7.

Ed fk0 K 89

Kraft, Roberta E., "Functional Music Activities for Seven Centers of Interest in the Lower Elemen­ tary Grades," M.S.. 19k0»

56

Mu *lj.l L 33b

Larson, Ardith J., !tA Review of the Choral Works of Johann Sebastian Bach for the Purpose of Their Presentation to High. School Vocal Groups,11 M.M. 19lpl.

Ed *36 L 24.8)4.

Leedke, William H., ffA Survey of the Musical Organizations in Southern California Secondary Schools,” M.S. 1936.

Ed *37 Leedy, Clifford E.,' “Evaluation of the Music CurriL I48I4 eula in the Seven State Teachers Colleges of California,” M.S. 1937* Mu *1_|_7 L 629

Leskinen, Veikko, 0., “Finnish Folk Music Suitable for Use in the American Classroom,” M.M. 19ij-7*

Mu 114.6 Lewis, Marjorie L., “A Critical Analysis of the L 67? Teaching Methods of Vibrato for Violin,” M.M.

19U6. Ed *33 L 677

Lewison, E. Mildred,"A Comparative Study of Certain Class Piano Methods,” M.A. 1 933*

Ed *140 Look, Norma E., “An Experimental Study of Music InL 863 struction in the Fifth and Sixth Grades,” M.S.

19kQ. Ed fiil L 889

Lounsbery, Sophia M., “Current Trends in Music for the Elementary School,” M.S. 19^-1*

Ed *38 L 962

Lunde, Millard 0., “Study of Methods of Caring for and Adjusting School Orchestra and Band Instru­ ments,” M.S. 1937*

Ed f28 91

Lynn, Mary M . , “A Critical Analysis of the Activities of Heads of Music Departments in the Secondary Schools in Southern California,” M.A. 1928.

Mu *I4.3 M 3o2

Martin, Phil H . , “The French Horn: Its History, Technique and Literature,” M.A. 192j-2.

Ed *37 M 3§3

Martin, Wallace L., “An Analysis of Evaluation of Music Appreciation Text Books for Junior High School,” M.S. 1936.

Ed fli.l M 388

Marty, Belle M., ”The Activities and Personnel of Non-Professional Musical Organizations in Long Beach, California,” M.S. 19fcL*

Si Mu fl}.8 M 123

McCargar, Hov/ard W., ,fAn Investigation of Two Lesser Known Works of George Frederick Handel and their Suitability for Performance by Student Groups,” M.M. 19U8.

Mu ,I|-2 M 1Sb

MeKean*, Ruth A., "Singing Britain; Materials and Suggestions for a Unit on the English Folksong and Other Early English Music Suitable for Use in a Social Living Course in the Junior High School," M.M. 19li.2.

Mu f39 McKee, Mary F., "Operetta Production in the SecondM 1 Skary School," M.M. 1939. Ed

9S

McLeod, Irene, "A Study of Methods in Music Appreciation," M.A. 1928.

Ed flj-3 M 612

Meyer, Leontone C., "The Use of the Radio in Teaching Music," M.S. 191+2.

Ed M

»28

f39 Meyer, Stella E., "Newer Practices in the Teaching 613of Vocal Music in the Secondary Schools," M.S. 1939.

Ed ll\2 M 68l

Mitchell, Josephine, "A Study of Plans to Provide Musical Training for the In-Service Elementary School Teacher,” M.M. 191+2.

Ed *38 M 689

Modell, Clarion, "The Cultural Setting of the Works of Mozart, Beethoven, Wagner, Debussy, and .Stravinsky as an Element in an Appreciative Study of their Music," M.S. 1938.

Ed *36 Monger, Howard S., "Instrumental Music Teaching in M 74-3 Institutions of Higher Learning in the United States," M.S. 1935. Ed *36 M 8l8 Ed *32 N 882 Ed f3l+ P 173

Moon, Doris E., "The Function of Illustrative Materials in the Teaching of Harmony," M.S. 1936. Norton, Alma M., "Methods of Teaching Sight-Singing in the Elementary and Junior H i g h .School," M.A. 1932. Palmer, Donald S., "The Place of the Operetta in the High Schools of Southern California," M.S., 1931+.

58 Mu fI4J4. P 225

Parcels, Dorothy B*, "The Importance of Polk Songs in the Development of World Citizenship,,f M.M. 19143.

Ed *32 P 238

Parker, Alan B., "The Relationship of Grades in Music to Grades in Other Subjects in High School," M.A. 1932.

Mu 'I4.2 P 259

Parrett, Helen K . , "The Development of a Music Unit as Part of the New Program in Social Living in Junior High School," M.M. I9I42.

Mu *1±7 P 281

Pasek, John J., "The Place of the Violin in the' Elementary School Music Program," M.M. 1914-7.

Ed 'I43 P I4-I6

Penny, Adrienne Z., "A Study of the Relationship of Musical Ability and General Intelligence to Music Reading," M.S. 19I42.

Ed *14-7 P l40>

Peterson, Lawrence L., "A Manual for Singing Schools in the South," M.S. 1914-2.

Ed >148 P [4859

Peterson, Walter H., "A Survey of the Rehearsal Techniques and Procedures of the Public School Concert Band," M.S. 19148#

Ed >140 P 612

Pidduck, Harriet E., "A Study of the Relationship between the Political and Social Conditions in Russia from 1850 to 1910 and the Music of the Russian "Five"," M.S# I9I4O.

Ed >38 P 63i4

Pihlblad, Marie L., "A Study of the German Romantic Composers of the Nineteenth Century in Relation to Political and Cultural Trends, as a New Technique in Teaching Music Appreciation," M.S. 1938.

Ed *36 P 9I46

Price, Ruth I., "A Study in the Correlation of Music, Speech Arts, and the Dance," M.S. 1935*

Mu *140 P 958

Priddy, Earl W . , "Vocal Music Participation as an Avocation for Adults," M.A. 19140#

Mu *14.3 Q 7

Quinto, Leonard, "A Survey of the Use of Music in the Entertainment Film," M.M. 19142#

Mu *[48 R lli8

Rahn, John F., "The Beginning Bassoonist; a Melodic Approach to the Problems in Bassoon Playing," M.M. 19147.

59

Mu fij_2 R 23k

Ed *37 R 3^-5 Ed R

*i±7 3o3

Mu *k9 R 37§

Rathbun, Lloyd R., ’’The Oboe Manual; a Handbook, for Music Educators and School Oboists; Common Sense Information about the Oboe for Everyone Who Needs it," M.A. 19l|-2. Rehor, Josephine L#, ’’The Use of Music by Junior High School Students,” M.S. 1937* Reimer, Arthur L#, ’’Mexican Indian Polk Music and its Educational Values,” M.S. 1914-6 # Reist, Lloyd A., 11The Slide Trombone, Its History, Literature and Use in the American Schools,” M.M. 1 9 W .

Mu *14-0 Rice, H. Lynn, ’’Developing an Instrumental Program R I4.96 in the Public Schools,” M.M. 1939# Mu fI4.Q Richards, John K#, ’’The Brass Sextet: a Study of R 5l6 its Instruments, History, Literature and Posi­ tion in Instrumental Music Education,” M.M.

19lf-8. Ed *35 R 529

Richert, Florence M., ’’Influence of Musical Accompaniment on Ability to Recall Certain Prose Material,” M.S. 1935*

Vault

Rogers, Pern, ’’Creative Music for African Children#” M.M. I9I4-6 .

Ed R

fIj-2 726

Ed.D *31 R 826

Rogers, Harold M # , ’’Music Teaching Problems and for their Solution,” M.S. 1914-2 #

Aids

Ross, Verne R., ’’The Relations between Intelligence, Scholastic Achievement, and Musical Talent of Three Racial Groups, Ph.D# 1931.

Ed *I|_8 Ruland, A.C., ’’Music Schedules in Certain Secondary' R 935 Schools in the State of Colorado,” M.S. in 19U-7* Mu *14.6 Rush, Ralph E., ’’The Classical Woodwind Quintet, R 953 Its History, Literature, and Place in theMusic Program of the American Schools,” M.M. I9I4-6 # Mu *I4.7 Santee, Esther M#, ’’The Use of Television in Music S 23I4. Education,” M.M. 1914-6 .

6o

Ed »lj.3 S 33§

Schlager, Wilfred C., ’’Factors Relating to Success in the Study of the Violin,” M.S'. in 19U-3*

Ed *30 S 3§5

Schuette, Marie A., ”An Evaluation of Opinions of Principals and their Beginning Music Teachers Concerning the Adequacy of Teacher Training Courses Offered by New York Institutions,” M.A. 1930.

Mu fI4.9 S 398

Schwab, Julius D., ”An Investigation of the Problems and Values Involved in the Use of Audio Equip­ ment In Teaching of Public School Music,” M.M. I9I4-8.

Ed *37 S 398

Schwaiger, Theo, ’’Relationships of Scholastic Achievement and General Intelligence of Music and Non-Music Pupils,” M.S. 1937.

Mu *14-3 Schwarzmann, Everett E., ’’Vaughn Williams* Vocal S Ij-ll Style as Applied to Songs and Choral Music,” M.A. 1914-2. Ed fIpO Sch.wuch.ow, Walter H . , ”An Analysis of Appreciation S I|.l5 Courses in Music and the Fine Arts in Junior Colleges,” M.S. 1939. Mu flp3 Scott, Jeannette M . , ”A Burvey of Visual-Aid MaS Ij.2.7 terials for Music Education,” M.M. 19lf2. Ed *38 S 553

Sherman, Sadie E., ”A Critical Survey of General Music Classes in the Junior High Schools of Los Angeles,” M.S. 1937*

Ed *36 S 559

Shockey, Eleanor B., ’’Sources of American Music as a Basis for Supplementary Work in the Teaching of Music History and Appreciation,” M.S. 1936.

Mu 1jLf-7 S 571

Sieff, Leonard B., ’’The Viola and its Role in Solo and Chamber Music,” M.M. 19^1-7•

Mu flj.8 S 571

Siemon, Carl W . , ”An Informal Experiment in Enriching the Seventh Grade Social Studies through a Program of Music Integration,” M.M. 19^4-7#

Mu *39 S 6l\$

Smith, Dorris M . , ”A Survey of the Use of Music Religious Education,” M.A. 1939*

in

6l Mu *4-6 S 674*

Snow, Ira J., lfA Study of the Five Civilized Indian Tribes of Oklahoma; a Unit of Work integrating Music, Art, English, and Oklahoma History in the Junior High School,tf M.M. 194-6#

Ed *32 S 689

Solomon, Evalyn A., t!An Evaluation of Music Courses in Certain California Junior Colleges," M.A. 1932.

Ed f38 Somerindyke, Ruth H . , "The Musical Interests and S 69I4Activities of Music Students in a Junior Col­ lege,” M.S. 1938. Ed fl4-0 S 713

Sorensen, Ellen M # , 11Music Instruction in the Elementary Schools of the Reedley High School District," M.S. 1939*

Ed '27 I4.O

South, Winifred M., "State Requirements for the Certification of Music Supervisors an

69 CHURCH AND RELIGIOUS MUSIC 30

27

21

Emmitt— The Church Music of Henry Purcell-With Special Reference to its Usefulness for Performanoo in Schools Larson— A Review of the Choral Works of Johann Sebastian Bach for the Purpose of Their Presentation to High School Vocal Groups Smith— A Survey of the Use of Music in Religious Educar* tion

COLLEGE MUSIC (General) 13 8 19

Monger— Instrumental Music Teaching in Institutions of Higher Learning in the United States Solomon— An Evaluation of Music Courses in Certain Cali­ fornia Junior Colleges Somerindyke— The Musical Interests and Activities of Music Students in a Junior College 9

13 22

Stong— The Relation of Music as Taught in Junior College to Certain Leisure-Time Activities of Students Weersing— An Evaluation of the Course of Offerings of the Music Department of Pasadena Junior College in Terms of Student Personnel

COMMUNITY MUSIC 26

Coe— An Analytical Investigation of Open-Air Summer Mu­ sic Concerts in the United States

27

Marty— The Activities and Personnel of Non-Professional Musical Organizations in Long Beach, California

2E>

Priddy— Vocal Music Participation as an Avocation for Adults

32

Stevenson— Public Production as an Aid to Music Education

70

CONDUCTING 33

Anderson— A Survey of the Art of Conducting as Exempli­ fied in the Work and Ideas of Some of the Prominent Present-Day Conductors

22

Wall— Problems of the Choral Conductor in Secondary Schools

CORRELATION OP MUSIC WITH OTHER SUBJECTS 2I4.

Allen— Indian Music of Mexico up to the Period of the Conquest and the Culture Which Made it What it Was

5

Beeson— Methods of Correlating Music with Other School Subjects

37

Blair— A Study of the Cultural Heritage of the California Children from the Indians

20

Bruhl— The Use of Cultural Parallels in the Teaching of Music, Literature, and Art

15

Funk— An Analysis and Evaluation of Basic Parallels Com­ mon to Music and Visual Art

26

Grove— A Selective Study of American Music for use in Courses in Social Living

19

Kaplan— Music as an Aid in the Social Treatment of Boys in Training (Correctional) Schools

31

McKean— Singing Britain; Materials and Suggestions for a Unit on the English Folksong and Other Early English Music Suitable for Use in a Social Living Course in the Junior High School

7

Parker--The Relationship of Grades in Music to Grades in Other Subjects in High School

31

Parrett— The Development of a Music Unit as Part of the New Program in Social Living in Junior High School

25

Pidduck— A Study of the Relationship Between the Politi­ cal and Social Conditions in Russia from l8£0 to 1910 and the Music of the Russian !,five,f

71

13

Price-— A Study in the Correlation of Music, Speech Arts, and the Dance

13

Richert— Influence of Musical Accompaniment on Ability to Recall Certain Prose Material

16

Sehv/aiger— Relationships of Scholastic Achievement and General Intelligence of Music and Non-Music Pupils

38

Siemon— An Informal Experiment in Enriching the Seventh Grade Social Studies Through a Program of Music In­ tegration

37

Snow— A Study of the Five Civilized Indian Tribes of Oklahoma; a Unit of Work Integrating Music, Art, English, and Oklahoma History in the Junior High School

25

Trotter— The Status of Music, Dancing, Art, and Dramatic Instruction in a Selected Group of Mexican Elemen­ tary Schools in Los Angeles County

CREATIVE MUSIC 7

Barnett— Procedures in Teaching Creative Music

33

Bishop— Suggested Preparation for the Creative Use of Piano in School Music

30

Davis— A Study of the Trends in Music Reading in the Elementary Schools

37

Rogers— Creative Music for African Children

CRITICISM OF MUSIC EDUCATION

2l\.

Hanson— The Criticisms of Music Teaching Taken from Periodicals

CURRICULUM 8

Bebermeyer— Music Curriculum Offerings and Pupil Elec­ tions in Senior High Schools

72

25

Bergen--An Analysis of Offerings in Music in Certain Secondary Schools

33

Edmiston--Musical Needs and Interests of Pupils in a California High School

15

Leedy— Evaluation of the Music Curricula in the Seven State Teachers Colleges of California

38

Ruland--Music Schedules in Certain Secondary Schools in the State of Colorado

9 22

Terhune— An Investigation of the Necessary Content of Courses for the Training of Music Teachers Weersing— An Evaluation of the Course of Offerings of the Music Department of Pasadena Junior College in Terms of Student Personnel

ELEMENTARY SCHOOL MUSIC (General) 33

Adams— A Survey and Evaluation of Children’s Books About .Music

6

Board--A Music Survey Based on an Intensive Analysis of the Thomas Jefferson Platton School of Glendale, California

30

Davis— A Study of the Trends in Music Reading in the Elementary Schools

2I4.

Kraft— Functional Music Activities for Seven Centers of Interest in the Lower Elementary Grades

2i|

Look— An Experimental Study of Music Instruction in the Fifth and Sixth Grades

27

Lounsbery— Current Trends In Music for the Elementary School

31

Mitchell--A Study of Plans to Provide Musical Training for the In-Service Elementary School Teacher

38

Pasek— The Place of the Violin in the Elementary School Music Program

21

Sorensen--Music Instruction in the Elementary the Reedley High School District

Schools of

73 25

Trotter— The Status of Music, Dancing, Art, and Dramatic Instruction in a Selected Group of Mexican Elemen­ tary Schools in Los Angeles County

39

Vess— A Survey of the Musical Interests of Seventh Grade Students in the Compton Union Secondary School Dis­ trict

EVALUATION OF MUSIC COURSES 26

Erikson— An Evaluation of Girls1 Glee Clubs in a Junior High School

30

Johnson-~An Analysis of Method Books for Teaching Stringed Instrument Classes in the Public Schools

lil

Martin--An Analysis of Evaluation of Music Appreciation Text Books for Junior High School

8

Solomon— An Evaluation of Music Courses in Certain Cali­ fornia Junior Colleges

28

Vincent— An Evaluation of Music Readings for Senior High School Libraries

FOLK MUSIC 2I4.

Allen--Indian Music of Mexico up to the Period of the Conquest and the Culture Which Made it What it Was

37

Blair— A Study of the Cultural Heritage of the California Children from the Indians

26

Grove— A Selective Study of American Music for Use in Courses in Social Living

38

Ieskinen--Finnish Folk Music Suitable for Use in the Amer­ ican Classroom

•31

McKean— Singing Britain; Materials and Suggestions for a Unit on the English Folksong and Other Early English Music Suitable for Use in a Social Living Course in the Junior High School

33

Parceis--The Importance of Folk Songs in the Development of World Citizenship

Til-

36

Reimer— Mexican Indian Polk Music and its Educational Values

37

Rogers— Creative Music for African Children

37

Snow— A Study of the Five Civilized Indian Tribes of Oklahoma; a Unit of Work Integrating Music, Art, English, and Oklahoma History in the Junior High School

27

Tocus— The Negro' Idiom in American Musical Composition

20

Townsend— The American Folk-Song and Its Influence on the Work of American Composers

25

Watson— Negro Folk Music in Eastern South Carolina

HARMONY lip

Moon— The Function of Illustrative Materials in the Teaching of Harmony

INSTRUMENTAL MUSIC BANDS 12

Forsblad— A Study of Band Group Instruction Methods

2ip

Gerbracht— The Secondary School Band

3i4.

Good— Development of an Advanced Class Instruction Book for Band

39

Peterson— A Survey of the Rehearsal Techniques and Pro­ cedures of the Public School Concert Band

22

Swift— A Historical Study of the Development of the High School Band

10

Wright— The Present Status of Band Organization and Ad­ ministration in High Schools CARE AND REPAIR OF INSTRUMENTS

16

Lunde— Study of Methods of Caring For and Adjusting School Orchestra and Band Instruments

75 GENERAL 19

Bray— A Survey of Instrumental Music Teaching in Kern County

39

Davidson--A Survey of Los Angeles Public High School Pipe Organs and Electronic Organs and their Use in Education

36

Lewis— -A Critical Analysis of the Teaching Methods of Vibrato for Violin

30

Martin— The French Horn: Its History, Technique and Lit­ erature

13

Monger— Instrumental Music Teaching in Institutions of Higher Learning in the United States

38

Pasek— The place of the Violin in the Elementary School Music Program

38

Rahn— The Beginning Bassoonist; a Melodic Approach to the Problems in Bassoon Playing

32

Rathbun— The Oboe Manual; a Handbook for Music Educators and School Oboists; Common Sense Information about the Oboe for Everyone Who Needs it

39

Heist— The Slide Trombone, Its History, Literature and Use in the American Schools

21

Rice— Developing an Instrumental Program in the Public Schools

33

Schlager--Factors Relating to Success in the Study, o f . the Violin

38

Sieff— The Viola and Its Hole in Solo and Chamber Music

27

Taylor--The Violoncello in Music Literature

39

Washburn— The Technics in the Art of Violin Playing from the Stand-Point of Individual or Group Instruction in the Public Schools

13

Weatherly--Methods of Procedure in Teaching Instrumental Music in Certain Senior High Schools of the United States *

76 20

Weiser— Popular Music as a Medium of Instrumental In­ struction in Secondary Schools

28

Wiens— An Investigation of the Housing and Equipment of Instrumental Music Departments in the High Schools of the San Joaquin Valley PIANO

33

Bishop— Suggested Preparation for the Creative Use of Piano in School Music

3^

Henry— An Analytical Survey of Modern Trends in Piano Technique

8

Lewison— A Comparative Study of Certain Class Piano Methods

6

Wagner— An Experimental Study in Economy of Learning Pianoforte Playing with Reference to the Theory of Formal Discipline and Transfer of Training

lip

Wendland— Individual Pupil Development in Piano Classes at Inglewood High School SOLOS AND SMALL ENSEMBLES

36

Henry— The Organization mental Ensembles in

39

Richards— The Brass Sextet: A Study of Its Instruments, History, Literature and Position in Instrumental Music Education

37

Rush— The Classical Woodwind Quintet, Its History, Lit­ erature, and Place in the Music Program of the American Schools

38

Sieff— The Viola and Its Role in Solo and Chamber Music

0

and Development of Small Instru­ the Public Schools

Zech— The Classic String Quartet: Its History, Literature, and Place in the Music Program of the American Schools

METHODS OF INSTRUCTION GENERAL 19

Blood— A Proposaf for a Course of Study in Music Appre­ ciation for Junior High School Grades

77 20

Bruhl— The Use of Cultural Parallels in the Teaching of Music, Literature, and Art

36

Cather— A Course of Study in Beginning Music for the Secondary Schools

8

Hamer— Exercises Versus Pieces in Teaching Music

20

Hamlin— The Development of the Male Voice from Child­ hood Through Adolescence

ali-

Hunt— A Trial Course of Study in Seventh-Grade Required Music

37

Knox— A Survey of Certain Aspects of Army Instruction and Their Probable Implications for Music Education in the Public Schools

5

McLeod— A Study of Methods in Music Appreciation

19

Pihlblad— A Study of the German Romantic Composers of the Nineteenth Century in Relation to Political and Cultural Trends, as a New Technique in Teaching Music Appreciation

20

Weiser— Popular Music as a Medium of Instrumental In­ struction in Secondary Schools INSTRUMENTAL

8

Burntess— Methods of Instruction in Public School Piano Classes

12

Forsblad— A Study of Band Group Instruction Methods

3k

Good— Development of an Advanced Class Instruction Book for Band

30

Johnson— An Analysis of Method Books for Teaching Stringed Instrument Classes in the Public Schools

36

Lewis— A Critical Analysis of the Teaching Methods of Vibrato for Violin

8 13

Lewison— A Comparative Study of Certain Class Piano Methods Weatherly— Methods of Procedure in Teaching Instrumental Music in Certain Senior High Schools of the United States

78 39

Washburn— The Technics in the Art of Violin Playing from the Stand-Point of Individual or Group Instruction in the Public Schools VOCAL

15

Christensen— Certain Trends in Vocal Music Teaching Methods

12

Hansen— An Experimental Study of the Effect Upon Differ­ ent Types of Children of a Routine-Incidental Method of Teaching Sight Singing

20

Hayden— A Critical Analysis of Special Techniques Used in Teaching A Cappella Singing in Secondary Schools in Education

21

Meyer— Hewer Practices in the Teaching of Vocal Music in Secondary Schools

7

Norton— Methods of Teaching Sight-Singing in the Elemen­ tary and Junior High School

31

Peterson— A Manual for Singing Schools in the South

I4.O

Swan— A Study of Vocal Methods and Tone Production and Their Application to the Young-Adult Singer's Prob­ lem

38

*Thienes— A Manual for the Senior High School A Cappella Choir

MUSIC IN INSTITUTIONS 19

Kaplan— Music as an Aid in the Social Treatment of Boys in Training (Correctional) Schools

OPERETTA 37

Dawley— A Pageant for High School, Based on an Analyti­ cal Study of Minstrelsy Through the Ages

12

Huntington--A Survey and ^ummary of the Literature the High School Operetta

21

McKee— Operetta Production in the Secondary School

on

79 9

Palmer— The Place of the Operetta in the High Schools of Southern California

PIANO (see "Instrumental Music") PROBLEMS ’OP MUSIC TEACHING 36

Baker— A Course in Functional Music Appreciation with an Analysis of the Problems Involved

32

Rogers— Music Teaching Problems and Aids for Their Solu­ tion

13

Stewart— A Survey of the Problems Encountered in Teach­ ing Secondary School Music in the State of Californ­ ia

PSYCHOLOGICAL EXPERIMENTS IN MUSIC 8 26 9

Bogen— The Significance of Tonal Memory and Sense of Pitch in Musical Talent Bryan— An Experimental Approach to Building a Chord Vocabulary for Choral Groups Davids— Methods and Measurement in the Development of Intelligence in Music Appreciation

12

Hansen— An Experimental Study of the Effect Upon Differ­ ent Types of Children of a Routine-Incidental Method of Teaching Sight Singing

20

Iramel— An Experimental Investigation of the Relationship between Musical Capacity and Emotional Status of High School Seniors

7

Parker— The Relationship of Grades in Music to Grades in Other Subjects in High School

31

Penny— A Study of the Relationship of Musical Ability and General Intelligence to Music Reading

13

Richert— Influence of Musical Accompaniment on Ability to Recall Certain Prose Material

80 6

Ross— The Relations Between Intelligence, Scholastic Achievement, and Musical Talent of Three Racial Groups

33

Schlager--Factors Relating to Success in the Study of the Violin

16

Schwaiger— Relationships of Scholastic Achievement and General Intelligence of Music and Non-Music Pupils

9

Sperry— Psychological Elements of Musical Enjoyment

6

Spurgin— A Study of the dominant Characteristics of Adolescent Children Having Superior Untrained Musi­ cal Talent

25

Thompson— The Role of Percepts and Imagery in Vocal Instruction

5

Wagner— Psychology of ^oeal Music Teaching

6

Wagner--An Experimental Study in Economy of Learning Pianoforte Playing with Reference to the Theory of Formal Discipline and Transfer of Training

SECONDARY SCHOOL MUSIC (General) 8

Bebermeyer--Music Curriculum Offerings and Pupil Elec­ tions in Senior High Schools

25

Bergen— An Analysis of Offerings in Music in Certain Secondary Schools

36

Cather— A Course of Study in Beginning Music for the Secondary Schools

7

Colvin— Status of Music in the Secondary Schools of the United States

39

Davidson— A Survey of Los Angeles Public High School Pipe Organs and Electronic Organs and Their Use in Education

33

Edmiston— Musical Needs and Interests of Pupils in a California High School

81 1$

Elliot— A Survey of the Music Interests of Junior and Senior High School Pupils

5

Ferguson— An Analytical and Experimental Study to De­ velop an Exploratory Course in Junior High School Music

30

Hartshorn— Making Friends with Music

ill.

Hunt— A Trial Course of Study In Seventh-Grade Required Music

27

Jones— A Study of the Music Interests and Activities of the Music Students In a Four Year High School of 1800 Students

1J4-

Leedke— A Survey of the Musical Organizations in Southern California Secondary Schools

5

Lynn— A Critical Analysis of the Activities of Heads of Music Departments in the Secondary Schools in Southern California

16

Rehor— The Use of Music by Junior High School Students

38

Ruland— Music Schedules in Certain Secondary Schools in the State of Colorado

16

Sherman--A Critical Survey of General Music Classes in the Junior High Schools of Los Angeles

13

Stewart— A Survey of the Problems Encountered in Teach­ ing Secondary School Music in the State of Californ­ ia

39

Vess-'-A Survey of the Music Interests of Seventh Grade Students in the Compton Union Secondary School Di strict

28

Vincent— An Evaluation of Music Readings for Senior High School Libraries

28

Wiens--An Investigation of the Housing and Equipment of Instrumental Music Departments in the High Schools of the San Joaquin Valley

82

TEACHER TRAINING 25

Alexander— The Activities and Training of School Music Teachers in California

26

Hood— A Study of the Materials in the Music Educators National Conference Yearbooks for Use by Music Ed­ ucation Students

15

Leedy— Evaluation of the Music Curricula in the Seven State Teachers Colleges of California

31

Mitchell— A Study of plans to Provide Musical Training for the In-Service Elementary School Teacher

6

Schuette— An Evaluation of Opinions of Principals and Their Beginning Music Teachers Concerning the Ade­ quacy of Teacher Training Courses Offered by New York Institutions

9

Terhune— An Investigation of the Necessary Content of Courses for the Training of Music Teachers

32

Wright— The Training of Elementary Teachers in Music in California

TRENDS IN MUSIC 20

Brown— A Critical Analysis of the Relationships and Im­ plications of Socio-Economic Change to Music Edu­ cation

30

Davis— A Study of the Trends in Music Reading in the Elementary Schools

2Ij.

Hanson— The Criticisms of Music Teaching Taken From Per iodicals

26

Hood— A Study of the Materials in the Music Educators National Conference Yearbooks for Use by Music Edu­ cation Students

12

Kent--Trends in the Development of Music Education in the United States

27

Lounsbery— Current Trends in Music for the Elementary School

83 VOCAL MUSIC GENERAL 26

Bryan— An Experimental Approach to Building a Chord Vo­ cabulary for Choral Groups

2[|_

Chase— The Care and Training of the- Child and Adolescent Voice

15

Christensen— Certain Trends in Vocal Music Teaching Methods

9

Dimitt— An Investigation of Instruction in Vocal Music in Public Schools of the United States

30

Emmitt— The Church Music of Henry Purcell with Special Reference to its Usefulness for Performance in Schools

20

Hamlin--The Development of the Male Voice from Child­ hood through Adolescence

39

McCargar— An Investigation of Two Lesser Known Works of George’Frederick Handel and Their Suitability for Performance by Student Groups

31

Peterson— A Manual for Singing Schools in the South

25

Priddy— Vocal Music Participation as an Avocation for Adults

32

Schwarzmann--Vaughn Williams* Vocal Style as Applied to Songs and Choral Music

lf.0

Swan— A Study of Vocal Methods and Tone Production and Their Application to the Young-Adult Singer*s Problem

I4.O

Theno— A Study of William Byrd*s Choral Works with Refer­ ence to School Performance

25

Thompson--The Role of Percepts and Imagery In Vocal In­ struction

32

Waite— An Investigation of the Development of A Cappella Music to the Sixteenth Century

SECONDARY

15

Bruce— An Investigation of Glee Club Activities in the Secondary Schools of California

26

Erikson--An Evaluation of Girls1 Glee Clubs in a Junior High School

20

Hayden— A Critical Analysis of Special Techniques Used in Teaching A Cappella Singing in Secrondary Schools in Education

27

Larson— A Review of the Choral Works of Johann Sebastian Bach for the Purpose of Their Presentation to High' School Vocal Groups

31

McKean— Singing Britain; Materials and Suggestions for a Unit on the English Folksong and Other Sarly Eng­ lish Music Suj_table for Use in a Social Living Course in the Junior High School

21

Meyer— Newer Practices in the leaching of Vocal Music in Secondary Schools

22

Sturdy— The Status of Voice Range of Junior High School Boys

iq.O

Testa— The Status of Sight Singing In the Secondary Schools

38

Thienes— A Manual for the Senior High School A Cappella Choir

22

Wall— Problems of the Choral Conductor in Secondary Schools

VOCATIONS IN MUSIC 30

Fasoli— An Occupational Study of the locations of Music in the Los Angeles Area

25

Priddy— Vocal Music Participation as an Avocation for Adults