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"A real find." —STEPHEN KING on The End of the World Running Club Every dog has its day... And for Lineker,
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Kaza, a biologist and professor of Environmental Studies at University of Vermont, combines Zen Buddhist practices and t
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An acclaimed science historian uncovers the fascinating story of a “lost” project to unlock humanity’s common denominato
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“This permaculture primer is fresh and vibrant. Bring it on!” —Permaculture Magazine Permaculture is more popular than
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The Last Whole Earth Catalog access to tools i
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" The flow of energy through a system acts to organize that system
WHOLE EARTH CATALOG With
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Taken November 9. 7967, from NASA 's Apollo 4 at a distance or 9850 nautical miles. This is probably the first American photograph of the "whole Earth.
The famous Apollo 8 picture of Earth rise over the that established our planetary facthood and beauty and rareness Idry moon, barren space) and began to bend human consciousness. The quote is from Energy Flow in Biology by Harold Morowitz, $9.50 from Academic Press, 1 1 1 Fifth Avenue, New York, N.Y. 10003.
You're looking west over the Atlantic Ocean, with the Antarctic Continent just visible at the bottom of the crescent. The picture was released in 1967, but no one seemed to care about noticing it or publishing it. / think it was the shadow, which frightened people. There are no shadows on our
The photograph, courtesy Lick Observatory, shows the -3 1 Andromeda Galaxy, which is considered similar to our own in structure and size. Where the thought-balloon originates is approximately the location of Earth in this galaxy. The quote is from p.464 of the extraordinary Collected Poems of Kenneth Patchen, 7967, 504 pp., $3.95 from New Directions, J.B. Lippincott Co., East Washington Square, Philadelphia, PA. 19105.
the back cover that was on our first the Fall 1968 issue, which was 64
pages and cost $5. As most of our color covers, it was designed with Peter Bailey. The photo, the first full -Earth
from the noon part of a TV film shot from 1967. To NASA our
day-long high resolution color
The evaluations in this CATALOG were made in April-May 1971, after three years of sifting. They are not updated with subsequent printings. Also, where there are excerpted items from catalogs we're reviewing, those items and prices are not updated from the
Note. This iea/ly is the LAST CATALOG. Please don 't send us your suggestions for new items and comments on old ones (except for revisions of access information). Let us R.I.P. Write to one of our kindred publications (see pp. 239 -244). Or start your own catalog.
Format We used to be two publications, the CA TALOG, and the Supplement. The CATALOG was formal and responsible; the Supplement wasn't. In this LAST CA TALOG they are mixed. Usually material from the Supplements has a Light head ing, whereas formal CA TALOG items have a Bold heading. Both are indexed in the back. About 1/3 of the material in this LAST CA TALOG is new.
Each page number has a heading indicating the section it's in, such as Whole Systems, and a heading indicating the genera / contents of that page, such as Funky Future.
Blackwells Books Many books carried in
cheaper in the British edition.
You can order them from
Blackwell's Bookstore in Oxford, England, is a service which the Catalog should list. Their collection is probably the
most comprehensive and they run a global service, providing lengthy, free, separate catalogs on about 25 subject areas, including children's books, books in other world's
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[Suggested and Reviewed by Larry Schwartz] Catalog
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WHOLE EARTH CATALOG There
for periodicals. -»
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and Reviewing experts, never critics got $10 and credit for their review. Suggestors got only credit until Fall 1970, then $ 10.
Prices given for Blackwell's in the not include shipping.
Whole Earth Catalog do
The review is a bit out of date. Blackwell's now bills monthly and they get upset if you don’t pay them reasonably promptly; gone are the days where you could have their books for six months or so before even thinking about paying for them. One of the most useful Blackwell’s catalogues isn’t mentioned. This is New and Forthcoming Books in all subjects, and it comes twice a year. It’s a good way to keep up with what’s happening.
Another central point about Blackwell’s is that they will order for you books published anywhere in the world. This includes printed music, and a substantial savings can be the result, since most of the European music dealers (as well, for that matter, as a good many book publishers) have sole American distributors; the European houses will not accept direct orders from Americans but they will accept orders from Blackwell’s. Recorder music which would cost $10 at any music store in New York City costs about $3 when ordered from England, if the stuff is foreign-published
T B Belanger New York
of the CATALOG is the last. We encourage others to initiate similar services to fill the vacuum in the into and are stepping out of. We don’t see how using our name or copy can aid originality, so they’re not available, for love or money. Ideas we’ve had and evaluations we’ve made are free for recycling.
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How to Make a WHOLE EARTH CATALOG AND TRUCK STORE, see p. 434. For credits, and
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2nd Printing July 1971
3rd Printing August 1971
Understanding Whole Systems Untitled Epic Poem on the History of Industrialization
Operating Manual for Spaceship Earth Buckminster Fuller 1969; 133pp.
Buckminster Fuller 1962; 227pp.
$1.95 from: Pocket Books, Inc. 1 W. 39th St. New York, N.Y. 10018 or
WHOLE EARTH CATALOG
The insights of Buckminster Fuller
initiated this catalog.
Among his books listed here, Utopia or Oblivion is now probably the most direct introduction. It's a collection of his talks and papers from 1964 to 1967, at a bargain price. An Operating Manual for Spaceship Earth is his most recent, and succinct, statement. Nine Chains to the Moon is early, and openly metaphysical. The Untitled Epic of Industrialization is lyrical and strong. Ideas and Integrities is his most autobiographical, and perhaps the most selfcontained of his books. No More Secondhand God is the most generalized, leading into the geometry of thought. People
who beef about
Fuller mainly complain about his
repetition the same ideas again and again, it's embarrassing, also illuminating, because the same notions take on different contexts. Fuller's lectures have a raga quality of rich nonlinear endless improvisation full of convergent surprises.
Some are put off by
his language, which makes demands on suddenly discovering an extra engine in your let it drive you faster, it'll drag you. Fuller won't wait. He spent two years silent after illusory language got him in trouble, and he returned to human communication with a redesigned instrument.
To comprehend this total scheme we note that long ago a man went through the woods, as you may have done, and certainly have, trying to find the shortest way through the woods in a given direction. He found trees fallen across his path. He climbed over those crisscrossed trees and suddenly found himself poised on a tree that was slowly teetering. It happened to be lying across another great tree, and the other end of the tree on which he found himself teetering lay under a third great fallen tree. As he teetered he saw the third big tree lifting. It seemed impossible to him. He went over and tried using his own muscles to lift that great tree. He couldn't budge it. Then he climbed back atop the first smaller tree, purposefully teetering it, and surely enough it again elevated the larger tree. I'm certain that the first man who found such a tree thought that it was a magic tree, and may have dragged it home and erected it as man's first totem. It was probably a long time before he learned that any stout tree would do, and thus extracted the concept of the generalized principle of leverage out of all his earlier successive special-case experiences with such accidental discoveries.
The gold supply
WHOLE EARTH CATALOG
Ideas and Integrities Buckminster Fuffer 1963; 318pp.
Order Dept. Front and Brown Streets Riverside, N.J.
Synergetics General systems theory
Theory of games (Von
Chemistry and physics Topology, projective geometry Cybernetics
Stepping forth from
its initial sanctuary, the young bird must forage on its own legs and wings to discover the next phase of regenerative sustenance.
Sciences of energy
Nine Chains to the
periences which either discards or must assume an a priori greater intellect than the intellect of man?" The answer was swift and
• Here on Southern Illinois' campus we are going to set up a great computer program. We are going to introduce the many variables
Unavailable until 1972
now known to be operative in economics. We will store all the basic data in the machines memory bank; where and how much of each class of the physical resources; where are the people, what are the trendings-all kinds of trendings of world man? Next we are going to set up a computer feeding game, called "How Do We Make the World Work?" We will start playing relatively soon. We will bring people from all over the world to play it. There will be competitive teams from all around earth to test their theories on how to make the world work. If a team resorts to political pressures to accelerate their advantages and is not able to wait for the going gestation rates to validate their theory they are apt to be in trouble. When you get into politics you are very liable to get into war. War is the ultimate tool of politics. f war develops the side inducing it loses the game. I
Experience had clearly demonstrated an a priori anticipa-
tory and only intellectually apprehendable orderliness of interactive principles operating in the universe into which we are born. These principles are discovered but are never invented by man. said to myself, "I have faith in the integrity of the anticipatory intellectual wisdom which we may call 'God.' " My next question was, "Do know best or does God know best whether may be of any value to the integrity of universe?" The answer was, "You don't know and no man knows, but the faith you have just established out of experience imposes recognition of the a priori wisdom of the fact of your being." Apparently addressing myself, said. You do not have the right to eliminate yourself, you do not belong to you. You belong to the universe. The significance of you will forever remain obscure to you, but you may assume that you are fulfilling your significance if you apply yourself to converting all your experience to highest advantage of others. You and all men are here for the sake of other men." I
Buckminster Fuller 1938, 1963; 375 pp.
13. Ergonomics 14. Production engineering
WHOLE EARTH CATALOG
10. Biology 1 1
Standing by the lake on a jump-or-think basis, the very first spontan eous question coming to mind was, "If you put aside everything you ve ever been asked to believe and have recourse only to your own experiences do you have any conviction arising from those ex-
Brain deals exclusively with the physical, and mind exclusively with the metaphysical. Wealth is the progressive mastery of matter by mind .
The MacMillan Company
for a curriculum of design science:
of seemingly whitherless spade work.
so negligible as to make it pure voodoo to attempt to valve the world's economic evolution traffic through the gold-sized needle's 'eye'.
without his personal protection constitutes a whole new era of evolution— the first really "new"
Heisenberg’s principle of 'indeterminism' which recognized the experimental discovery that the act of measuring always alters that which was being measured turns experience into a continuous and never-repeatable evolutionary scenario.
Bantam Books 666 Fifth Avenue New York, New York 10019
since the beginning of the spoken word. In fact, out of the understanding innate in the spoken word was Industrialization wrought
and again the week after that, and that all the time his family is safe and in well being
begin our position-fixing aboard our Spaceship Earth we must first acknowledge that the abundance of immediately consumable, obviously desirable or utterly essential resources have been sufficient until now to allow us to carry on despite our ignorance. Being eventually exhaustible and spoilable, they have been adequate only up to this critical moment. This cushion-for-errorof humanity s survival and growth up to now was apparently provided just as a bird inside of the egg is provided with liquid nutriment to develop it to a certain point. But then by design the nutriment is exhausted at just the time when the chick is large enough to be able to locomote on its own legs. And so as the chick pecks at the shell seeking more nutriment it inadvertently breaks open the shell.
are collecting tariffs, paying for repairs, and so handling assets that he will be paid a week
R. Buckminster Fuller
that the thousands of others never
integrity could unify the world. It could and probably will be provided by the utterly impersonal problem solutions of the
Utopia or Oblivion
WHOLE EARTH CATALOG
sorting mail on an express train, with unuttered faith that the engineer is competent, that the switchmen are not asleep, that the track walkers are doing their job, that the technologists who designed the train and the rails
New York 10020 *
new, physically uncomprised, metaphysical
Simon & Schuster, 630 Fifth Avenue
Y ogi is a personalized art, the art dies with the person. The abstract power involved remains as real and true, always, but it cannot be made utilizable in increasing continuity for the world in general. Christ and his counterparts realized this and were unique in their refusal to apply this power to self ends. It was this personal limitation of the Yogi art which led the prosaic philosophers to search further. They sought a means of limitless articulation. Since
define "synergy" as follows: Synergy is the unique behavior of wholfi systems, unpredicted by behavior of their respective subsystems' events. I
• This phantom captain has neither weight nor sensorial tangibility, as has often been scientifically proven by careful weighing operations moment of abandonment of the ship by the phantom captain, i.e., at the instant of "death". He may be likened to the variant of
was born cross-eyed. Not until was four years old was it discovered that this was caused by my being abnormally farsighted. My vision was thereafter fully corrected with lenses. Until four could see only large patterns, houses, trees, outlines of people with blurred coloring. While saw two dark areas on human faces, did not see a human eye or a teardrop or a human hair until was four. Despite my new ability to apprehend details, my childhood's spontaneous dependence only upon big pattern clues has I
am convinced that neither nor any other human, past or present, was or is a genius. am convinced that what have every physically normal child also has at birth. We could, of course, hypothesize that all babies are born geniuses and get swiftly de-geniused. UnI
polarity dominance in our bipolar electric world which, when balanced and unit, vanishes as abstract unity 1 or 0. With the phantom captain's departure, the mechanism becomes inoperative and very quickly disintegrates into basic chemical elements.
favorable circumstances, shortsightedness, frayed nervous systems, and ignorantly articulated love and fear of elders tend to shut off many of the child's brain capability valves. was lucky in avoiding too many disconnects. I
There is luck in everything. My luck is that was born cross-eyed, was ejected so frequently from the establishment that was finally forced either to perish or to employ some of those faculties with which we are all endowed the use of which circumstances had previously so frustrated as to have to put them in the deep freezer, whence only hellishly hot situations could provide enough heat to melt them back into usability. Utopia or Oblivion I
An illuminating rationalization indicated that captains- being phantom, abstract, infinite, and bound to other captains by a bond of understanding as proven by their recognition of each other's signals and the meaning thereof by reference to a common direction (toward perfect )—are not only all related, but are one and the same captain. Mathematically, since characteristics of unity exist, they cannot be non-identical.
• over the microphone
music enters a super-or-sub-sensorial wave-length frequency that it broadcastable, apparently BACK INTO THE UNIVERSE the full LATENT broadcast of which men on ships at sea,
an aviator in the air, or Julia Murphy in a city hovel, or the farmer's wife, can tune in upon, without any personal-equation dissonnance by unwanted diverting human beings in their presence, and so hear the music of the universe that Bach heard years ago. 'Here
that radiant flash of infinite understanding had flashed 'lean understand those houses
between Jonesie and the X-ian all
Buckminster Whole Systems
World Design Science Decade Documents 1-4
No More Secondhand God
Fuller publishing Fuller (and
Buckminster Fuller 1963; 163 pp.
- SB V- VU
Southern Illinois University Press 600 West Grand Carbondale, Illinois 62901
World Design Science Decade Documents, Vol. 1-4
R. B. puller, John McHale
WHOLE EARTH CATALOG
some John McHale). Good
World Resources Inventory P.O.
is a putting-aside, rather than a putting-in discipline, e.g., tall grasses in order to isolate the trail into informative viewability. Thinking is FM— frequency modulation— for its results in tuning-out of irrelevancies as a result of definitive resolution of the exclusively tuned-in or accepted feed-back
putting aside the
In the 1920's with
little open country highway mileage in operwere concentrated and frequently occurred within our urban and suburban presence. Witnessing a number of accidents, observed that warning signs later grew up along the roads leading to danger points and that more traffic and motorcycle police were put on duty. The authorities tried to cure the malady by reforming the motorists. A relatively few special individual drivers with much experience, steady temperament, good coordination and natural tendency to anticipate and understand the psychology of others emergedas ''good" and approximately accident-free drivers. Many others were accident prone.
ation, automobile accidents
messages' pattern differentiability.
see God in the instruments and the
Buckminster Fuller on Hippie
reliably than the limited sensory
connoting the vast harmonic
reordering of the universe
from unleashed chaos of energy.
And there is born unheralded a great natural peace, not out of exclusive pseudo-static security but out of including, refining,
observe the paradox of man's creative potentials and his destructive tactics
He could have his new world through sufficient love war which means you can
Hello Buckling this is Christopher; or it's Allegra; or Mr. Fuller this is the Telephone Company Business Office; say you are inaccurate. Because knew you were going to call and furthermore recognize that it is God who is "speaking."
Let it burn swiftly. Neither the branches, trunk, nor roots will be endangered.
last year's leaves
the parasite-bearded moss and orchids not be there when the next spring brings fresh growth and free standing flowers. will
you being fantastic? And knowing you say no.
Here for is
God, to me,
All organized religions of the past
were inherently developed and credits in "second hand" information.
it will be an entirely new era finds himself confronted with direct experience with an obviously a priori intellectually anticipatory competence that has interordered all that he is discovering.
the articulation art, objective or subjective;
not the is
not the abstraction "love" is
not legislative code, not proclamation law, not academic dogma, not ecclesiastic canon.
when tensionally loaded, brings its atoms closer together which makes it even stronger. There is no limit ratio of cross section to length in tensional members of structural systems. There is a in compression. Therefore when nature has very large tasks to do, such as cohering the solar system or the universe she arranges her structural systems both in the microcosm and macrocosm in the following manner. Nature has compression operating in little remotely positioned islands, as high energy concentrations, such as the earth and other planets, in the macrocosm; or as islanded electrons, or protons or other atomic nuclear components in the microcosm while cohering the whole universal system, both macro and micro, of mutually remote, compressional, and oft non-simultaneous, islands by comprehensive tension; compression islands in a non-simultaneous universe of tension. The Universe is a tensegrity.
[No More Secondhand God]
The Oymaxion World of Buckminster
The most graphic of Fuller's books (it's about his work, by Robert Marks). Consequently it is the most directly useful you are picking up on specific projects of his such as domes, geometry, cars, demographic maps and charts, etc.
The Dymaxion World of Buckminster
Robert W. Marks 1960; 232 pp.
Tension and Compression are complementary functions of structure. Therefore as functions they only co-exist. When pulling a tensional rope its girth contracts in compression. When we load a column in compression its girth tends to expand in tension. When we investigate tension and compression, we find that compression members, as you all know as architects, have very limited lengths in relation to their cross sections. They get too long and too slender and will readily break. Tension members, when you pull them, tend to pull, approximately, (almost but never entirely), straight instead of trying to curve more and more as do too thin compressionally loaded columns. The contraction of the tension members in their girth,
fundamental limit ratio
not a noun, proper or improper;
The telephone rings and you say to me
The revolution has come set on fire from the top.
thought through to tomorrow
many stupid agreements by love, spontaneous unselfishness radiant.
In lieu of the after-the-fact curative reform, trending to highly specialized individual offender case histories, my philosophy urged the anticipatory avoidance of the accident potentials through invention of generalized highway dividers, grade separaters, clover leafing and adequately banked curves and automatic traffic control stop-lighting systems. saw no reason why the problem shouldn't be solved by preventative design rather than attempted reforms. My resolve: Reshape environment; don't try to reshape man. I
dynamic balancing. Naught is lost. Only the false and nonexistent are dispelled.
for "all's fair" in love as well as in
San Francisco, 1968.
Yes, God is a verb, the most active,
6000 West Grand Carbondale, or
WHOLE EARTH CATALOG
mH radio 20,
INVENTOR. Richard Buckminster
UK l.ATIONSHIP of MAN
start off with it is demonstrated in the array of events which we have touched on that we don't have to "earn a living" anymore. "living" has all been earned for us forever. Industrialization's wealth is cumulative in contradistinction to the inherently terminal, discontinuous, temporary wealth of the craft eras of civilization such as the Bronze Age or Stone Age. If we only understood how that cumulative industrial wealth has come about, we could stop playing obsolete-games, but that is a task that cannot be accomplished by political and social reforms. Man is so deeply conditioned in his reflexes by his milleniums of slave functioning that he has too many inferiority complexes to yield to political reformation. The obsolete games will be abandoned only when realistic, happier and more interesting games come along to displace the obsolete games.
Dy max ion
World society has throughout its millions of years on earth made its judgements upon visible, tangible, sensorially demonstrable criteria. We may safely say that the world is keeping its eye on the unimportant 1 percent of the historical transformation while missing the 99 percent of overall, unseen changes. Forms are inherently visible and forms no longer can "follow functions" because the significant functions are invisible.
significance of the
beware of whole system itis.
the Ion Iiness awareness. imagine you are a near sighted, bucktoothed, kid, doing sunflower seeds, and somebody comes along and puts eyeglasses on you, holds up a mirror, then takes you out on a hilltop at night, points up at the little winks out there, • and tells you they aren't really little winks at all, but great big flashes, a long way away, its
40 Jumps" is
the subtitle of the book. It
most thorough, inescapable mind blows ever Your mind and you advance in and out through the universe, changing scale by a factor of ten. It very quickly becomes hard to breathe, and you realize how magnitude-bound we've been. c„ simplest,
The man who conceived and rendered it, a Dutch schoolmaster named Kees Boeke, gave years of work to perfecting the information in his pictures. The result is one of the
you want some more sunflower seeds.
you want to throw away the eyeglasses, but you are stuck, you've seen
"The Universe delivers.
puny, except except for a few soft flannel thoughts, and a belief that there are others like you, brothers like you, and that a sunflower seed is a whole system too.
Andromeda Galaxy Superb black and white photograph poster of the nearest
Andromeda Galaxy 26" x 38 "
galaxy to ours. Peerless meditation target.
Kees Boeke 1957; 48 pp.
The John Day Company 257 Park Avenue South New York, N. Y. 10010
[Suggested by Doug Engelbart]
WHOLE EARTH CATALOG
100 Edscorp Building Barrington, N. J. 08007
The Hubble Atlas
The Hubble Atlas of Galaxies Allan Sandage
This book is a series of superb photographs which is the definition of Edwin Hubble's classification of galaxies. Galaxies come in a variety of shapes from round blurry ones
through the familiar spiral in blazing pin wheels like Ml 01.
1961 50 plates ;
postpaid from: Carnegie Institution of Washington
1530 P Street, N.W. Washington, D.C. 20005
Hubble has lined them up in a sequence according to shape. The meaning of this sequence has not yet been determined. It may indicate a series of stages in the life 'of one galaxy which progresses from blurred youngsters to majestic spiral or vice versa. More likely vice versa, since the spirals contain hot young blue stars which we know will burn out in a few million years or so, while the blurry ones contain
WHOLE EARTH CATALOG
many ancient red giants. It is also possible that the is not an age sequence at all, but merely reflects conditions at that place in the universe when that galaxy was formed. sequence
But besides being a tool for scientists,
guided tour through our own miraculous universe. When this planet gets you down, leaf through the Atlas and feast your spirit on galaxy after galaxy, as beautiful and varied as
snow flakes. Some galaxies are
the graininess of the photograph shows in the blow up. Some photographs show small blurred objects in the background which one suddenly realizes are more galaxies.
by Jenny Deupree. Suggested by Jordan Belson]
The sheer beauty
man's consciousness unwillingly departs his body and his Once in space he accomplishes willed travel in search of Star Maker. His journey takes him into the minds of other planetary beings; a company of these travel together and witness countless civilizations; eventually they participate in a combined consciousness of worlds that in time embraces the stars as well; this leads to galactic and cosmic consciousness and the culminating encounter with Star Maker. planet.
trust in these matters, asserts that it is
a true vision, that Stapledon's whole life pointed at attaining it, and that the book will be used and discussed for centuries. This
of our planet surprised me. It was a huge pearl, set spangled ebony. It was nacrous, it was an opal. No, it was far more any jewel. Its patterned colouring was more subtle, more It displayed the delicacy and brilliance, the intricacy and harmony of a live thing. Strange that in my remoteness seemed to feel, as never before, the vital presence of Earth as of a creature alive but tranced and obscurely yearning to wake.
the cosmos wakes, if ever she does, she will find herself not the single beloved of her maker, but merely a little bubble adrift
Dover edition includes an
Stapledon story, "Last
experienced merely brilliance. grave.
Dover Publications, 180 Varick Street
made contact with
We, or rather I, now experienced the slow drift of the galaxies much man feels the swing of his own limbs. From my score of viewpoints observed the great snowstorm of many million galaxies, streaming and circling, and ever withdrawing farther apart from one another with the relentless "expansion" of space. But though the vastness of space was increasing in relation to the size of galaxies and stars and worlds, to me, with my composite, scattered body, space seemed no bigger than a great vaulted hall. as a
the coincident and punctual centres of power, light leapt and
blazed. The cosmos exploded, actualizing its potentiality of space and time. The centres of power, like fragments of a bursting bomb, were hurled apart. But each one retained in itself, as a memory and a longing, Though the pronoun "I" now applied to us all collectively, the pronoun the single spirit of the whole; and each mirrored in itself aspects of all "we” also applied to us. In one respect, namely unity of consciousness, others throughout all the cosmical space and time. we were indeed a single experiencing individual; yet at the same time we were in a very important and delightful manner distinct from one another.
WHOLE EARTH CATALOG
inconceivably hot, but
soon discovered that disheartenment, mental fatigue, fear, all tended to reduce our powers of movement. More than once we found ourselves immobile in space, like a derelict ship on the ocean; and such was the fear roused by this plight that there was no possibility of moving till, having experienced the whole gamut of despair, we passed through indifference and on into philosophic calm.
Olaf Stapledon 1937; 188 pp.
with celestial objects mattered the early stages of our adventure, we plunged into a star. Its interior would, of course, be
own most formalistic
through this experience that they mind.
sport of disembodied flight among the stars must surely be the most exhilarating of all athletic exercises. It was not without danger; but its danger, as we soon discovered, was psychological, not physical.
The psychological dangers of the sport were
Almost certainly, the star's whole physical behaviour is normally experienced as a blissful, an ecstatic, an ever successful pursuit of formal beauty. This the minded worlds were able to discover through
by accident headlong earlier
on the boundless and bottomless ocean of being."
said, "It is enough, and far more than enough, to be the creature of so dread and lovely a spirit, whose potency is infinite, whose nature passes the comprehension even of a minded cosmos. It is enpugh to have been created, to have embodied for a moment the infinite and tumultuously creative spirit. It is infintely more than enough to have been used, to have been the rough sketch for some perfected creation." I
With unreasoning passion we strove constantly to peer behind each minute particular event in the cosmos to see the very features of that infinity which, for lack of a truer name, we had called the Star Maker. But, peer as we might, we found nothing. Though in the whole and in each particular thing the dread presence indubitably confronted us, its very infinity prevented us from assigning to it any features whatever.
Cosmos Whole Systems
— The Atlas
Sumptuous book. Accurate, well edited, well illustrated, well written. Does the job as no other book has, and a lot
Contents include exploration of space, atlas of the Earth, of the moon, of the solar system, and of the stars, along with a catalog of stellar objects, glossary of astronomical terms, and beginner's guide to the heavens.
The Universe Below
Moore 1970; 272 pp. Patrick
contour map of the centimetric emission of the Sun.
Rand McNally & Company P.O. Box 7600 Chicago, Illinois
405 Park Ave.
York, N.Y. 10022
San Francisco, CA. 94105
WHOLE EARTH CATALOG
Landing of Apollo 12 (above)
The lunar module Intrepid is seen descending toward the Oceanus Procellarum (19 November 1969). This photograph was taken from the command module. After Intrepid had returned to orbit, and had been abandoned, it was deliberately crashed on to the Moor setting up crustal vibrations which lasted for almost one hour.
The Lagoon Nebula, M8 Sagittarii, is a typical emission nebula, 4850 light-years away. The "lagoon" is produced by the foreground dust -clouds. It is thought that the star producing the H-ll region is of type O, and is so deeply embedded in the nebula that it cannot be observed. Globules have been detected, indicating that star formation is in process. Th.e Lagoon is a dense nebula; there are 104 to to'f atoms per cubic centimeter in the central region even though this density still corresponds to what we would normally term a laboratory vacuum.
Eventually he stooped and flung the object beyond the breaking labored toward him over a half mile of uncertain footing. By the time reached him the rainbow had receded ahead of us, but something of its color still ran hastily in many changing He was starting to kneel again.
The Unexpected Universe
lights across his features.
Loren Eiseley celebrates our grandest ignorances, the places human experience where if you stare into them, the
void stares back. City dumps; the open end of evolution; the unexplored continent in your mind; stars; a Pharaoh's dead gesture; edges of oceans. Strong useful prose from an old guy who knows something dear and bleak about regeneration.
In a pool of
sand and silt a starfish had thrust its arms up and was holding its body away from the stifling mud. "It's
"Yes," he star
and with a quick yet gentle movement he picked and spun it over my head and far out into the sea. burst of spume, and the waters roared once more.
up the It
he said, "if the offshore pull is strong enough." He spoke gently, and across his bronzed worn face the light still came and went in subtly altering colors. "It
"There are not many come this far," said, groping embarrassment for words. "Do you collect?" I
from; Harcourt, Brace & Jovanovich, 757 Third Avenue New York. N. Y. 10017
had been safe in the enchanted forest only because of our weakness When the powers of that gloomy region were given to immediately, as in a witch's house, things began to fly about unbidden. The tools, if not science itself, were linked intangibly to the subconscious poltergeist aspect of man’s nature. The closer man and the natural world drew together, the more erratic became the behavior of each. Huge shadows leaped triumphantly after every blinding illumination. It was a magnified but clearly recognizable version of the black trickster's antics behind the solemn backs of the priesthood. Here, there was one difference. The shadows had passed out of all human semblance; no societal rrtual safely contained their posturings, as in the warning dance of the trickster. Instead, unseen by many because it was so gigantically real, the multiplied darkness threatened to submerge us,
the carriers of the light.
The Character of Physical Law
last, was the rift that lay beyond Darwin's tangled bank. picked up a star whose tube feet ventured timidly among my fingers while, like a true star, it cried soundlessly for life. saw it with an unaccustomed clarity and cast far out. With it, flung mysel.f as forfeit, for the first time, into some unknown dimension
Here, at I
Around me in the gloom dark shapes worked ceaselessly at the dampened fires. My eyes were growing accustomed to their light.
time to travel,
philosopher repeated. "Just give
Men, unknowingly, and whether for good or
appear to be making
about human destiny. To pursue the biological it is as though, instead of many adaptive organisms, a single gigantic animal embodied the only organic analogy,
future of the
Every time we walk along a beach some ancient urge disturbs us so that we find ourselves shedding shoes and garments, or scavenqinq among seaweed and whitened timbers like the homesick refuqees
of a long war.
always won, but by the time they won is the final paradox
to be called successes. This evolution.
The water at y is closer to the moon and the water at x Is farther from the moon than the rigid earth. The water is pulled more towards the moon •
Cambridge, Mass. 02142 or
WHOLE EARTH CATALOG
moon than the earth, so there is a combination of those two pictures that makes a the
fwwi Waters bu
from; M.l.T. Press
Richard Feynman 1965; 173 pp.
their last decisions
The Character of you look larger or smaller than the skinny realm of life, you see is physics. It is our substratum and superstratum. These famous Feynman lectures introduce the subject as no other book has. -SB [Suggested by Lyle Burkhead] If
Out of the depths of a seemingly empty universe had grown an eye, like the eye in my room, but an eye on a vastly larger scale. It looked out upon what can only call itself. It searched the skies and it searched the depths of being. In the shape of man it had ascended like a vaporous emanation from the depths of night. The nothing had miraculously gazed upon the nothing and was not content. It was an intrusion into, or a projection out of, nature for which no precedent existed. The act was, in short, an assertion of value arisen from the domain of absolute zero. A little whirlwind of commingling molecules had succeeded in confronting its
The sun behind me was pressing upward at the horizon's rim an ominous red glare amidst the tumbling blackness of the clouds. Ahead of me, over the projecting point, a gigantic rainbow of incredible perfection had sprung shimmering into existence. Somewhere toward its foot discerned a human figure standing, as it seemed to me, within the rainbow, though unconscious of his position. He was gazing fixedly at something in the sand.
end the sea rejects its offspring. They cannot fight their way home through the surf which casts them repeatedly back upon the shore. The tiny breathing pores of starfish are stuffed with sand. The rising sun shrivels the mucilaginous bodies of the unprotected. The seabeach and its endless war are soundless. Nothing screams but In the
... It is as if at our backs, masked and demonic, moved the trickhave seen his role performed among the remnant of a savage people long ago. It was that of the jok ester present at the most devout of ceremonies. This creature never laughed; he never made a sound. Painted in black, he followed silently behind the officiating priest, mimicking, with the added flourish of a little whip, the gestures of the devout one. His timed and stylized posturings conveyed a derision infinitely more formidable than ster as
WHOLE EARTH CATALOG
Sagittarius, but it cannot be seen through the obscuring intervening matter.
like this," he said softly, gesturing amidst the wreckage of the shore. "And only for the living." He stooped again, oblivious of my curiosity, and skipped another star neatly across the water.
1969; 239 pp.
The Galaxy, seen edge-on. The Sun is 30,000 light-years from the center of the system. The direction of the center is toward the rich star-clouds in the constellation of
The Unexpected Universe Loren E
The Galaxy below
what we have on Earth
—James M. Lovell
Earth Photo Books
Mandala Earth, the high noon color image shot from a synchronous satellite over South America in November 1967, is available as a poster from WHOLE EARTH CA TALOG for $2 postpaid. It's 22" x 27". An order of five or more gets 50% discount.
You're too dose. Back off and survey the big picture and old mysteries will dear up for you, and other mysteries will arrive (what is that enormous gyre in the Salton Sea?).
The earliest of the NASA color photo books, Earth PhotoIII, IV, and V, and Earth Photographs from Gemini VI through XII, are the purest, least edited and evaluated. Hundreds of full page color photos of North Africa, the Himalayas, New Mexico, ocean cold fronts v If they were Sierra Club books, and they could be, they would cost $25 each. They cost $7 and $8. graphs from Gemini
Exploring Space With a Camera takes you up through
Apollo 7, with good putting-it-all together text. Ecological Surveys From Space, still plenty beautiful, gets into big picture grit of how and where our systems affect each other. Invaluable information, which we're still learning how to interpret. This Island Earth. The most recent NASA book photographically places Earth in the Solar System.
the discoveries in these books is that this lovely scarcely inhabited, and scarcely inhabitable.
Figure 16 An infared photo of the Gulf coast showing two plumes of smoke from forest fires December 7, 1965
Earth Photographs from Gemini
from Ecological Survey From Space
1967; 266 pp.
Whole Earth Rising
Earth Photographs from Gemini VI through XII
1968; 327 pp.
and Better color Earth Posters than
Good ones are: Giant Earth (shown below) and Earth Over Moon.
by Steve Woodcock]
Exploring Space With a Camera
1968; 214 pp.
1970; 75 pp.
by Frank Rowsome
This Island Earth
N ASA — SP250 1 970;1 82 pp.
From an astronaut's vantage point, one can gaze down into the tremendously deep chasms of the Hindu Kush range in the Himalayas. The sky above the white crowns of snow on the peaks was clear when this photo was taken, but clouds filled the valleys. Temperatures as well -as altitudes vary widely in this part of the world. When the morning Sun warms the highlands, fierce cold winds rush down the mountain sides to increase the rigors that men must endure to climb them.
all from: U.S. Govt. Printing Off ice Bookstore 710 North Capitol Street Washington, D. C. 20402
$3.00 U.S. Govt. Printing Office Bookstore Rm. 135, Federal Building
1345 Howard Street San Francisco, California 94103
U.S. Govt. Printing Office Bookstore
Rm. 1463, 14th Floor Federal Office Building S. Dearborn Street Chicago, Illinois 60604
601 East 12th Street Kansas City, Missouri 64106 U.S. Govt. Printing Office Bookstore Federal Building
450 Golden Gate Avenue Rm. 1023, Box 36104
WHOLE EARTH CATALOG
San Francisco, California 94102
from This Island Earth
WHOLE EARTH CATALOG Space Law
international "Treaty for Outer Space" was prepared at in 1966 with the following principles written in. The is in the process of ratification by various nations. In April 1967 the U.S. Senate approved it 88 to 0.
Full Earth In
November 1967 an A TS satellite whose funds phenomenhad not been cut made a home movie. It was a time
lapse film of the Earth rotating, shot from 23,000 miles above South America. (This is synchronous distance. The satellite orbits at the same speed the Earth turns, so it remains apparently stationary over one point of the equator.) Color photographs of the Earth were transmitted by TV every % hour to make up a 24 hour sequence. The shots were lap dissolved together to make the movie. You see darkness, then a crescent of dawn, then advancing daylight and immense weather patterns whorting and creeping on the spherical surface, then the full round mandala Earth of noon, then gibbous afternoon, crescent twilight, and darkness again.
400-foot silent color print of the film includes several forms of the 24-hour cycle and close-up cropping of specific sectors as their weather develops through the
No nation can claim sovereignty to outer space, to the or to other celestial bodies. All nations have the right to condjct space activities.
No one may use outer space or celestial bodies to begin a war. The rules of the United Nations charter apply to space activities.
No country may station in space or orbit around the Earth nuclear or other weapons of mass destruction. No country may install such weapons on a celestial body. No nation may establish military bases, installations, or foron a celestial body. Nor may any weapon be tested
or military maneuvers be conducted there. The right to another country's installations and space vehicles on a celestial body is guaranteed.
Astronauts are envoys of mankind. If an astronaut lands on another country's soil he must be returned safely, promptly and unconditionally. Space activities and their results are to be reported for the benefit of all.
day. Discovery, Invention, Research Fritz
Byron Motion Pictures 65 K Street NE Washington, D.C. 20002
The Macmillan Company Front and Brown Streets Riverside, New Jersey 08075
Earth Whole Systems
The Biosphere The earth s Our
yard, the turning processes that keep it refreshed, and where balance is most fragile to our mistakes. This book was a single theme edition of Scientific American in 1970;
thin film of living matter
by grand-scale cycles of energy and chemical elements.
of these cycles are presently
AA OO ••
The Biosphere 1970; 142 pp.
$3.25 postpaid HERBIVORE from:
AAA OOO •••
W.H. Freeman and Company 660 Market Street San Francisco, CA. 94104 or
WHOLE EARTH CATALOG
Evolution fitted the new species together in ways that not only conserved energy and the mineral nutrients utilized in life processes but also conserved the nutrients by recycling them, releasing more oxygen and making possible the fixation of more energy and the support Gradually each landscape
INTACT NATURAL ECOSYSTEM
is exemplified by a mature oak-hickory forest that supports several stages of consumers in the grazing food chain, with from 10 to 20 percent of the energy in each trophic level being passed along to the next level. The symbols represent and carnivore species. Complexity of structure regulates
of still more life. developed a flora and fauna particularly adapted to that place. These new arrays of plants and animals used solar energy, mineral nutrients, water and the resources of other living things to stabilize the environment, building the biosphere we know today.
different herbivore sizes,
The available evidence suggests that, in spite of the much larger area of the oceans, by far the greater amount of energy is fixed on land. The oceans, even if their productivity can be preserved, do not represent a vast unexploited source of energy for support of larger human populations. They are currently being exploited at close to the maximum sustainable rate, and their continued use as a dump for wastes of all kinds makes it questionable whether that rate will be sustained.
population maintaining the same pattern of energy distribution in the system from year to year.
nomes use almost as much energy as industry does consumer is space heating, which for the average home requires as much energy as the average family car: about 70 million B.T.U. per year, or the equivalent of 900 gallons of oil. The other domestic uses are for cooking, heating water, lighting i
ne nation major
All together, in order to support one individual in our society, something like 25 tons of materials of all kinds must be extracted from the earth and processed each year. This quantity seems certain to increase considerably in the years ahead.
Malnutrition, particularly protein deficiency, exacts an enormous from the physical and mental development of the young in the poorer countries. This was dramatically illustrated when India
held tryouts in 1968 to games that year. Not a
select a team to represent it in the Olympic single Indian athlete, male or female, met minimum standards for qualifying to compete in any of the 36 track and field events in Mexico City. No doubt this was partly due to the lack of support for athletics in India, but poor nutrition was certainly also a large factor. The young people of Japan today are visible examples of what a change can be brought about by improvement in nutrition. Well-nourished from infancy, Japanese teen-agers are on the average some two inches taller than their
DEGRADED ECOSYSTEM haB a truncated grazing chain. The annual production of the ( shaded area). So do populations of herbivores and carnivores, which are characterized by large numbers of individuals but few different species. Under extreme conditions most of the net production may be consumed, leading to the starvation of herbivores and accentuating the characteristic fluctuation in populations. sparse grasses, herbs and shrubs fluctuates
This year the U.S. will consume some 685,000 million million B.T .U. of energy, most of it derived from fossil fuels. (One short ton of coal has a thermal value of 25.8 million B.T.U. The thermal value of one barrel of oil is 5.8 million B.T.U.) Industry takes more than 35 percent of the total energy consumption. About a third of industry's share is in the form of electricity, which, as of 1960, was generated roughly 50 percent from coal, 20 percent from water power, 20 percent from natural gas and 10 percent from oil.
With the turning of the earth, the sun comes up on fields, forests, and fjords of the biosphere, and everywhere within the light there is a great breath as tons upon tons of oxygen are released from the living photochemical surfaces of green plants which are becoming charged with food storages by the onrush of solar photons.
Environment, Power, and Society Beautiful work. Energy language is the simplifier we've lacked to see our systems whole. When the cosmic yum comes by, you get the ONE! all right, but that may not particularly help you work with connectedness. The terms and understandings in this book can.
Odum s point is that the macro-view of our energy systems must be dear to all of us accurate grand images, adapted mores and laws, and responsive religions responsible to biospherical ethics or however right in detail we shall be wrong big.
-SB Environment, Power, and Society Howard T. Odum
ENVIRONMENT, POWER, AND SOCIETY
book energy language
is used to consider the pressing problem of survival in our time the partnership of man in nature. An effort is made to show that energy analysis can help answer many of the questions of economics, law, and religion, already stated in other languages. Models for the analysis of a system are made by recognizing major divisions whose causal relationships are indicated by the pathways of interchange of energy and work.
self-stimulating principle of the primitive
HOWARD T ODUM
air above it at the time, it would quickly exhaust its stifled with waste, and destroy itself since it does not have the recycling pattern of the agrarian system. The problems with life support in 1970 on the space flight of Apollo 13 dramatized this principle to the world.
The biosphere with
industrial man suddenly added is like a balanced large animals are introduced. Consumption temporarily exceeds production, the balance is upset, the products of respiration accumulate, and the fuels for consumption become
aquarium into which
scarcer and scarcer until production is sufficiently accelerated and respiration is balanced. In some experimental systems balance is achieved only after the large consumers which originally started
that the prosperity of some modern the great flux of oil fuel energies pouring
through machinery and not from some necessary and virtuous properties of
dedication and political designs?
WHOLE EARTH CATALOG
with only the oxygen, be
the imbalance are dead.
Bit by bit the machinery of the macroscope is evolving in various sciences and in the philosophic attitudes of students. The daily maps of worldwide weather, the information received from the high-flying the macroeconomic statistical summaries of nations and the world, the combined efforts of international geophysical collaborations, and the radioactive studies of cycling chemicals in the great oceans all stimulate the new view. Whereas men used to search among the parts. to find mechanistic explanations,
in excess of production. The products of respiration carbon dioxide, metabolic water, and mineralized inorganic wastes are discharged in rates in excess of their incorporation into organic matter by photosynthesis. If the industrialized urban system were enclosed in a chamber
group was to
allocate control of the energy flow of the group to individuals in proportion to the work they did to increase that flow. Such energy rewards took various forms, such as control of property, political power, and status influence. The economic system was simple, and economic reward often reflected the energy control
1971; 331 pp.
John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 605 Third A ve., New York, N.Y. 10016
The system of man has consumption
the macroscopic view is the reverse. Men, already having a-clear’ view of the parts in their fantastically complex detail, must get away, rise above, step back, group parts, simplify concepts, interpose frosted glass, and thus somehow see the big
DARWIN-LOTKA ENERGY LAW Thus, whenever it is necessary to transform and restore the greatest amount of energy at the fastest possible rate, 50 percent of it must go into the drain. Nature and man both have energy storages as part of their operations and when power storage is important, it is maximized by adjusting loads. .In the last century Darwin popularized the concept of natural selection, and early in this century Lotka indicated that the maximization of power for useful purposes was the criterion for natural selection. Darwin's evolutionary law thus developed into a general energy law. .
Money flows in the opposite direction to the flow of energy and the concept of price which operates among human bargains adjusts one flow to be in proportion to the other. Thus a man purchasing groceries at a store receives groceries in one direction
while paying money in the opposite direction. The heat losses of these transactions are small since the work involved is small.
LOOP SELECTION PRINCIPLE 1000
In ecological studies there is the positive feedback loop through which a downstream recipient of potential energy rewards its source by passing necessary materials back to it. For example, the animals in a balanced system feed back to the plants in reward' loops the phosphates, nitrates, and other compounds required -for their growth. A plant that has a food chain which regenerates nutrients in the form it needs is therefore reinforced, and both plant and animal continue to survive. Species whose work efforts are not reinforced are shortly eliminated, for they run out of either raw materials or energy. They must be connected to input and output flows to survive.
Stability allows complex diversity and uniqueness of individuals. in Augustinian Rome, there may be golden eras if men can be satisfied with small causes, for energies big enough for new causes would have to be diverted from older endeavors. This in turn requires a willingness to discard activities.
I scarcely believe it. An inexpensive, paperback, lightweight but complete World Atlas that skips all the political planetary persiflage and goes straight to the guts: climate, minerals, agriculture, population, languages, land forms, ocean forms.— all the remorseless factors that have been invisible to most of humanity until recently. Nice work, McGraw-Hill, you whipped Rand-McNally and Hammond at their own game. - SB
McGraw-Hill Book Co.
General Drafting Co. 1968; 75 pp.
Princeton Road Hightstown, N. J.
Manchester Road Manchester, Mo. 63062
Divine Right's Trip
8171 Redwood Highway Novato, CA 94947 or
Our story thus far
WHOLE EARTH CATALOG
by Gurney Norman
DIVINE RIGHT'S BUS, URGE was a fairly straight ’63 VW microbus till Divine Right got me, a good clean red and white seven passenger job with five new re-capped tires and near perfect upholstery. The only bad thing I
that ever happened to
the Muncy's youngest kid use to
my seats all the time. The Muncys bought me new in Germany when the old man was stationed over there in the army. He was a Master Sergeant in an infantry outfit, a little old for that kind of work maybe, but he liked it well enough to volunteer for Vietnam when that war heated up. They brought me to the States when the sergeant went to Vietnam, and after he got blown up by a land mine, his wife Marie traded me in on a Falcon. Two days on a car lot is a long time when you're not used to puke on
64 600,000 .
It was hot and damn boring, so even though this guy Divine Right looked pretty weird, was so eager to get on the road again I felt grateful to him for buying me, although it did piss me off it.
The Times Atlas of the World
Times Atlas of the World Comprehensive
1968; 568 pp. 'A world remade must be a world remapped. ' That intelligent dictum was issued at the end of World War / by Lord Northcliffe, then proprietor of The Times of London. He didn't wait for someone else to do the job; The Times Survey Atlas of the World, with cartography by John Bartholomew of Edinburgh, was issued in 1921, and was recognized immediately as one of the finest atlases ever printed. The tradition has been continued, and the latest Times A tlas the Comprehensive Edition is the best place for an English-reading person to find where in the world something is located. The book also has a unique ability to convey the feel of the world. It measures IS" x 12 Vs" x 2", weighs 1 1 pounds, and contains 468 pages, of which 240 are double-page maps of superb accuracy and beauty. The index-gazetteer includes more than 200,000 entries, incomparably more than any other atlas of the world, and the entries are keyed not only by individual map coordinates, but by latitude and longitude as well fa feature offered by no other atlas). Despite the huge number of place names the maps are extraordinarily legible, and they are mercifully free of the pink-purple-yellow political emphasis offered by lesser cartographers. Some of the place names may look strange to American readers, because the atlas follows the rules of the Permanent Committee of Geographical Names. This supra-political body sensibly believes that places should be called what their occupants call them. In cases where the generic name is unfamiliar, the traditional anglicized parentheses.
WHOLE EARTH CATALOG
Note: Karl Jonietz reminds us that Times Atlas of the World can be bought for just over
(delivered) from: Blackwell's, [See p. 2]
shall see, one of the strategies by which supplies of goods and become available for actual use is the movement of the wouldbe consumers themselves to the sources of goods or services. There are even objects that act as containers of man himself, which move over land, across water or through the air, delivering the individual to the places at which he can obtain goods he desires, or where he will be served as he wishes.
The modern inhabitant of a commercial country does not make his world; he buys it. The material circumstances of his life are not the his individual encounter with the natural order, but arise out of his relations with the social order.
Those same features of the most complex'human communities which
indicate their ecological advantages also suggest an unusual degree of inherent ecological risk. Such communities are complex and delicately balanced, and depend utterly upon their artificiality. They and the individuals in them are threatened by the same biological penalties that attend any highly specialize system or species. Their very technical perfection may destroy them in time as other high specializations have destroyed many former species of animals and plants.
The Human Use of Philip
1960; 270 pp.
Free Press Macmillan Company Front and Brown Streets
Riverside, N. J.
THE HUMAN USE OF THE EARTH
So you get some idea of where D.R.'s head was at. He was the kind of guy who never had the faintest idea how he affected things. He could fuck over a nice '63 VW microbus he'd just paid five hundred and fifty dollars for and never blink an eye. don't know what was the most humiliating, having my working parts ignored, or all that stupid paint sprayed all over my body. Inside and outside, suffered both places. It's one thing to go around feeling bad because you're low on oil; but when you have to look like a made-up whore it gets to be a bit much. Housepaint, Day-Glo, fingernail polish, you name it and got smeared with it. Sometimes he'd pull off into the emergency lane of some big interstate and start painting on the spot. Said God was sending him directions how to do it. Sometimes he'd pick up hitch-hikers and tell them to lean out the window and paint while he drove. By the time him and his weird friends got through looked like a watercolor that got rained on. It was awful. But survived. don't know how but did. Well, yes do know too. It was Estelle. There's no doubt about it, that little lady saved my ass from the junkyard. She was one nice person, that Estelle. There was something kind of sad about her, it seemed like she cried a lot.; But she sure knew how to be nice to an old broken-down bus. She'd wash me, and empty my ash trays. Sometimes D.R. would be too stoned to drive and Estelle would take over, and it would just be so fine, just me and her cruising quietly across the country through the night. That was the thing about Estelle. She understood cruising, she understood roads, and traffic, she knew how to flow with things in motion. never did understand what she saw in D.R., but guess it's not my place to have opinions about people. My job was to carry them around from place to place while they acted out their story, and although resented it most of the time did my best. It was painful, but do have to say that it was interesting, and instructive. On some level I'm sure I'm a better bus for it. kind of wish could have a voice in this narrative to tell my side of the story, but Gurney says there's too many points of view already to clutter it up even more with a talking car. So this is the only chance I'll have to speak my mind. It ain't much, but, when you've been down as long as have, you get grateful for small favors. So goodbye. If you're ever rambling around down in the Kentucky mountains, come by and see me sometime. I
to take Philip Wagner's trip into fascinated objectivity
Doyle understands about cars. He's a mechanic, he knows how to take care of machines. He tried to tell D.R. about preventive maintenance, but D.R. was too stoned He was on speed that trip, out of his skull on ritilin and benzedrine. He told Doyle he had to split in order to make the Ultimate Rendezvous. Doyle said what's an Ultimate Rendezvous? But D.R. just grinned and started my motor and drove away. in-law are nice people.
[Suggested and reviewed by Dr. Morton Grosser]
to pay attention.
about Earthly doings. In this book he merges some of the best of geographical and anthropological perspective into a detailed treatise on the Earth as tool, how it is used and how to understand it better to use it better. CD
by gracious permission,
of the Earth
burger. If his brother-in-law in Cincinnati hadn't noticed was a quart and a half low I'd probably have thrown a rod as soon as we hit the next freeway. D.R. doesn't seem to like them much, but his sister and brother-
to Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth //, and bound in appropriately regal bright red linen, gold-stamped. It costs $57.50, and it will make anything else on your coffee table seem puny, as the whole
was when he'd slow down long enough to
To get a handle on your future you've got to get outside yourself, because only from outside can you see your space-time environment whole. One way is to identify out into another culture, Indian or whatever (this is Jim Nixon's idea). Another
drove away together.
Which goes to show you how much knew about freaks in those days. hadn't gone five hundred miles with that son of a bitch before I'd of given my fuel pump to be back on that parking lot. That bastard drove me from Boston to Chicago to St. Louis to Cincinnati without once checking my oil. I found out later he didn't even know where my damn oilstick was. Drove nonstop too, all day, all night, the only time got even a little rest
also given, in
The Comprehensive Edition of The Times Atlas of the World is published in the United States by Houghton Mifflin Company,
dealer let me go for only five hundred and fifty dollars. Divine Right paid the man with cash he'd got from a big grass score that morning, and if could whistle I'd have whistled I
Wayside Road Burlington, Mass.
WHOLE EARTH CATALOG
The individual organism must, on the one hand, be specialized enough in function to exploit some particular conditions in the habitat, so as to occupy a niche that no other organism can contest with it; and it must, on the other hand, possess enough versatility to adapt to any conditions of environment that may impinge upon its life activities. These two requirements may be thought of as polar extremes of a continuous scale, and every species may be placed somewhere along the scale between specialization and versatility.
the disadvantages of commitment to either specialization or overcome by aggregation of organisms into larger groups within the community. versatility are
Geography Whole Systems
of aerial photography, Shelton uses some 400 of his of the whole-earth system. Not a traditional textbook, but a fascinating exploration of the problems posed by asking "How did that come about?" Worth buying for the photos and book design alone, but you'll probably find yourself becoming interested in geology regardless of your original intentions. artist
finest photos to illuminate a discussion
a means of communicating geological concepts, the pictures are important as the words that accompany them. On most pages the photographs represent the facts, the words supply the interpretation. Many of the illustrations will, therefore, repay a little of the kind of attention that would be accorded the real feature in the field. In keeping with this, almost no identifying marks fully as
[Reviewed by Larry McCombs]
This book is included as a companion piece to the Earth picture books. The whole lovely system of the human creature, seen from without, surface by surface, is here.
One of its main revelations is how cliche ridden our usual views of ourselves are— we are still not good with mirrors (satellites were up 10 years before we got a full view of the Earth). Posing friends, and neighbors, with a simple light set-up and a 35mm camera, Joseph Royce has shot the
most beautiful human album
Illustrated S. Shelton 1966; 434 pp.
John It also
$ 10.50 postpaid
W. H. Freeman & Co. 660 Market Street San Francisco, CA 94104 or
SURFACE AN ATOM Y
Joseph Royce 1965; 124 photographs and some diagrams
from: F. A. Davis
1914 Cherry Street PA 19103
Surface Whole Systems
WHOLE EARTH CATALOG
WHOLE EARTH CATALOG
have been placed on the photographs and very few on the drawings. The text (which almost invariably concerns an illustration on the same or a facing page) serves as an expanded legend for the picture; while reading it, it is necessary to look more than once to identify some feature with certainty, this is no more than Nature asks of those who contemplate her unlabelled cliffs and hills. if,
The World from Above Close-up glamor shots of the Earth. Mystery shots (What is that? What's our altitude above it, 10 feet or 10,000?) (Fold out captions tell all.) Good traffic flow pattern shots: surface anatomy of civilization. Not a bad compendium; it'll do until they reprint E. A. Gutkind's Our World From the Air.
GEORGE AND THE DRAGON
Here comes D.R. Davenport, Divine Right he after that incredible stoned-out afternoon
calls himself the words Divine
Right formed in the clouds above the meadow where he was up and breathing deeply in awe of how really simple everything is when you come right down to it; Divine Right he calls himself, D.R. for short, driving along the microbus. highway now through a dark and rainy night in his
lying in the grass looking
The World from Above Hanns Reich 1966; 88 pictures
of a sudden Urge's headlights pick
on the road ahead. sure don't want to pick that guy up, D.R. told himself. I wish didn't have to. He was into a radio talk show but of Los Angeles. This strange woman had called in to comment on dress styles and wound up on the Turner thesis and the American westward movement. D.R. was listening to her rap, even talking back from time to time, shaking his finger, agreeing and disagreeing, (but not too loudly; Estelle was asleep in the back of the bus somewhere and he didn't want to disturb her). Estelle was another reason not to pick the freak up but, out there the poor fucker was, sitting on his backpack holding out his thumb, with a little black dog huddled against his feet. So. D.R. dimmed the headlights and turned the radio down and pulled off the road just past where tlie
141 Fifth Avenue York, N. Y. 10010
WHOLE EARTH CATALOG
If you really don't know clouds at all, there's another side— namely recognition and knowing what's going on in your part of the atmosphere. This lovely book of color photos and detailed descriptions can help.
Richard Scorer and Harry Wexler 1967; 44 pp.
44-01 21st Street
"Get in," said Divine Right. "We're just, you know, rolling it, the windshield wipers, rain on the roof, this weird westward movement lady's on the radio, how far you going, how long you been sitting out there?" The hitch-hiker hassled his gear in and stuffed it on the floor. He was a little old feller, just barely strong enough to lift his pack inside. But finally he managed it, and his dog Salvadore leaped in behind him. Salvadore didn't even bother to sniff out his new scene. He just curled up on the floor next to the emergency brake and lay completely still. D.R. said, "Davenport's my name. Divine Right Davenport. Like, this radio guy says KCBR, sort of sings it you know, says KCBR, Wayne Dixon here may have your name please? And say Divine Right is my name and weirdness is my game, what's yours?" Meaning, of course, his passenger, who was pissing D.R. off just sitting there. D.R. was a word man, you see, he liked to talk and to be talked to, and thirty seconds into their ride together his passenger hadn't said a thing. All he did was nod and grin and look at the wet highway stretching out in the long beams of light up ahead. After a mile or two D.R. was wishing he'd minded his own business and left the silent bastard sitting by the roadside, rain or no rain. He turned the radio back up. "... all mean is that genocide against the Indians was the official policy of every American President after Andrew Jackson." The announcer was aghast. "Are you saying our government had a policy ..."
Island City, N. Y.
WHOLE EARTH CATALOG
in radio, it's
common knowledge among informed people." "It's common rumor maybe ..." ,
D.R. said. "The lady's right. Every word she true." He turned the radio down then and leaned across hell,"
"And I'll bet if you'd say something, turn out to be true too, know it would." the hitch-hiker didn't answer, D.R. started slowing down. What want to know, fuckhead, is how you're gonna keep dry when dump your ass out in the rain about half a mile from now." And when there was still no reply, D.R. brought Urge to a full to stare at his passenger. it'd
Nine square inches of divine turmoil. Rotating on its spinner or cooking on its stand, the Kalliroscope models the on the surface of the Earth and in all the waves and fires and (probably) in your heat). —SB action
Sandra Tcherepnin] Kalliroscope Viewer
and leaned across again to look his passenger full in the face. He was surprised to see how young the freak was. Fifteen, sixteen most. D.R. was only twenty one himself, but the kid made him feel like an old man. He had a goatee of scraggly whiskers, twenty three long blonde hairs sticking out of various little blotches on his skin. His eyes were pale blue, streaked with red. "Far out," said Divine Right. "Did you know you had red, white and blue eyes?" No longer smiling, the kid opened the door and got out in the rain. He left his pup on the floor while he got his pack on, and settled his floppy, widebrim hat back on his head. Finally he was ready. As he reached in to get his dog he looked up at D.R. and said, "Did you ever read about St. George and the Dragon?" stop,
D. R. said he hadn't. It s
Available in white, red, yellow, green, blue from: Paul Matisse Kalliroscope Corporation 1 45 ian Street Cambridge, Mass. 02142
out shit," said the kid. And he closed the door and down the highway toward where ever they'd
started walking just
WHOLE EARTH CATALOG
Clouds Whole Systems
1 1 JL
Laws of Form The laws of form have
been written! With a "Spencer (a Twentieth Century mode! of Occam's razor). G. Spencer Brown cuts smoothly through two millennia of growth of the most prolific and persistent of semantic weeds, presenting us with his superbly written Laws of Form. This Herculean task which now, in retrospect, is of profound simplicity rests on his discovery of the form of laws. Laws are not descriptions, they are
commands, injunctions: "Do!" Thus, the first constructive proposition in this book Ipage 3) is the injunction: "Draw a distinction!" an exhortation to perform the primordial creative act.
Sometimes the reading gets rough because of Spencer Brown s remarkable gift for parsimony of expression. But the 30 pages of "Notes" following the 12 Chapters of
Brown" transistorized power razor
practically everything else follows smoothly: a rigorous foundation of arithmetic, of algebra, of logic, of a calculus of indications, intentions and desires; a rigorous this,
development of laws of form,
they be of logical
relations, of descriptions of the universe by physicists and cosmologists, or of functions of the nervous system
which generates descriptions of the universe of which
Tao Teh King Reviewing the Tao
moment when he
to the reader's rescue precisely at that lost his orientation in the lattice of a
complex crystal. Consequently, it is advisable to read them almost in parallel with the text, if one can suppress the urge to keep on reading Notes. Spencer Brown justifies the mathematical approach he has taken in this book: "Unlike more superficial forms of expertise, mathematics is a way of saying less and less about more and more. ” If this strategy is pushed to its limit, we shall be able to say nothing about all. This is, of course, the state of ultimate wisdom and provides a nucleus for a calculus of love, where distinctions are suspended and all is one. Spencer Brown has made a major step in this direction, and his book should be in the hands of all young people no lower age limit required.
[Suggested by Jack
Tao Teh King Lao Tzu; Archie ? B.C.,
Suggested by Steve Baer]
The ancient and primary mystery which
Wittgenstein fTractatus Logico-Philosophicus, A.
A t this point, even the most faithful reader may turn suspicious: how can the conception of such a simple injunction as "Draw a distinction!" produce this wealth of insights? it is indeed amazing but, in fact, it does.
The due to all this is Spencer Brown's ingenious choice for the notation of an operator which does several things at one time. This mark is a token for drawing a distinction, say, by drawing a circle on a sheet of paper which creates a distinction between points inside and outside of this
Frederick Ungar Publishing
Laws of Form
$5.40 postpaid from: Blackwell's Broad Street
WHOLE EARTH CATALOG
Land without One, Two, Three" (The Mathematical Gazette, 53, 24-250; 1959).
These operations are defined in the two axioms (no other ones are needed) given on pages 1 and 2. They are: 1.
The law of call
the value of the
That is to say, if a name is called and then is called again, the value indicated by the two calls taken together is the value indicated by one of them.
to say, for any name, to recall
the “form of condensation".)
not the value of the crossing.
to say, for any boundary, to recross
not to cross.
the "form of cancellation".)
instance, take a
When one When one
the two axioms
Let any mark, token, or sign be taken regard to the distinction as a signal. Call the use of’any signal its intent.
he has no fear of
frugal, he can afford to
be generous. his leadership.
Intelligent control appears as uncontrol or
genuinely intelligent control.
for that reason
really unintelligent control.
Intelligent control exerts influence
without appearing to
Unintelligent control tries to influence
by making a show of
• most beautiful facts emerging from mathematical studies potent relationship between the mathematical process and ordinary language. There seems to be no mathematical idea of any importance or profundity that is not mirrored, with an almost uncanny accuracy, in the common use of words, and this appears especially true when we consider words in their original, and of the
It is because we single out something and from other things that we get the idea of for example, once distinguished, suggests
sometimes long forgotten,
for that reason
Unintelligent control appears as external domination.
of mathematics consists in the advancement of the consciousness of what we are doing, whereby the covert becomes overt. Mathematics is in this respect psychedelic
Nature predisposes to gentleness those most suited for
any way with or with
have for some time been following a rule without being consciously aware of the fact. This might be described as the use of a covert convention. A recognizable aspect of the advancement
pride replaces humility,
And In all
would have come
Since a gentle attack arouses
And Goodness, when we
treat its its
opposite. Beauty, opposite, ugliness.
naturally opposed to
In fact, all distinctions naturally appear as opposites. And opposites get their meaning from each other and find their completion only through each other. The meanings of "is" and "is not" arise from our distinguishing between them.
The main difficulty in translating from the written to the verbal form comes from the fact that in mathematical writing we are free to mark the two dimensions of the plane, whereas in speech we can mark only the one dimension of time.
Likewise, "difficult and easy," "long and short," "high and low," "loud and soft," "before and after"— all derive their meanings from each other.
Much that is unnecessary and obstructive in mathematics today appears to be vestigial of this limitation of the spoken word.
Therefore the intelligent man accepts what is as it is. In seeking to grasp what is, he does not devote himself to the making of distinctions which are then mistaken to be separate existences.
Any evenly subverted equation of the second degree might be called, alternatively, evenly informed. We can see it over a subversion (turning under) of the surface upon which it is written, or alternatively, as an in-formation (formation within) of what it expresses.
In teaching, he teaches, not by describing and pointing out differences, but by example.
Whatever is exists, and he sees that nothing is gained by representing what fully exists by a description— another lesser, diluted kind of existence.
Such an expression is thus informed in the sense of having its own form within it, and at the same time informed in the sense of remembering what has happened to it in the past.
something exists which cannot be wholly revealed to him with viewpoint, he does not demand of it that it be nothing but it seems to him.
some one else interprets him, +ie does not trust that interpretation as being equal to his existence.
need not suppose that this is exactly how memory happens in an animal, but there are certainly memories, so-called, constructed way in electronic computers, and engineers have constructed such in-formed memories with magnetic relays for the greater part of the present century.
If some part of him stands out as if a superior representative of his nature, he will not surrender the rest of his nature to it.
We may Then,
When one is humble, no one challenges But when rudeness replaces gentleness, And extravagance replaces frugality.
to say, if it is intended to cross a boundary and then it is intended to cross it again, the value indicated by the two intentions taken together is the value indicated by none of them.
were not simple, long ago
The value of a crossing made again That
Nature sustains itself through three precious which one does well to embrace and follow.
These are gentleness, frugality and humility.
by its asymmetry (the concave side being its inside) provides the possibility of indication; finally, it stands for an instruction to cross the boundary of the first distinction by crossing from the state indicated on the inside of the token to the state indicated by the token (A space with no token indicates the unmarked state). Moreover, these operations may operate on each other, generating a primary arithmetic, an opportunity which is denied us by a faulty notation in conventional arithmetic as pointed out by Karl Menger in "Gulliver in the
Everyone says: "Nature
* A &
the first distinction. Call the space in which it is drawn the space severed or cloven by the distinction. Call the parts of the space shaped by the severance or cleft the sides of the distinction or, alternatively, the spaces, states, or contents distinguished by the distinction.
WHOLE EARTH CATALOG
250 Park Avenue South New York, N. Y. 10003
1969; 141 pp.
Humanities Press, New York, 1961, 166 pp.), namely that the world we know is constructed in such a way as to be able to see itself, G. Spencer Brown resolves by a most surprising turn of perception. He shows, once and for all, ' that the appearance of this mystery is unavoidable. But what is unavoidable is, in one sense, no mystery. The fate of all descriptions is "... what is revealed will be concealed, but what is concealed will again be revealed.
The value of a
itself a part.
by Heinz Von
is tike reviewing the Bible. As soon as just giggles and rains on you. Nevermind.
is a very old book (500 B.C. is one date) written by a legend named Lao Tzu. It describes how the universe is and makes an excellent case for harmony as the only survival technique that works. This translation by Archie Bahm is straightforward.
In an introductory note
The Tao Teh King
perhaps look upon such memory, in this simplified information, as a precursor of the more complicated and varied forms of memory and information in man and the higher animals. can also regard other manifestations of the classical forms of physical or biological science in the same spirit.
not surrendering the whole of his nature to any part he keeps himself intact.
preserves his nature.
n the beginning
this calculus is
developed for finite expressions only (involving a finite number of ~! ), simply because otherwise any demonstration would take an infinite number of steps, hence would never be accomplished. However, in Chapter 1 1 , Spencer Brown tackles the problem of infinite expressions by allowing an expression to re-enter its own space. This calls for trouble, and one anticipates now the emergence of antinomies. Not so! in his notation the classical dash between a simultaneous Nay and Yea never occurs, the system becomes "bi-stable", flipping from one to the other of the two values as a consequence of previous /
and thus generates time/ Amongst the many gems book,
turn out to be the shiniest.
is a tendency, especially today, to regard existence as the source of reality, and thus as a central concept. 8ut as soon as it is formally examined (cf Appendix 2), existence [ex = out, stare = stand. Thus to exist may be considered as to stand outside, to be exited.] is seen to be highly peripheral and, as such, especially corrupt (in the formal sense) and vulnerable. The concept of truth is more central, although still recognizably peripheral. If the weakness of present-day science is that it centres round existence, the weakness of present-day logic is that it centres round truth.
Throughout the essay, we find no need fo the concept of truth, apart from two avoidable appearances (true = open to proof) in the descriptive context. At no point, to say the least, is
a necessary inhabitant of the calculating forms.
These forms are thus not only precursors of existence, they It is,
cannot escape the fact that the world we know is constructed order (and thus in such a way as to be able) to see itself. This
view of what it sees, although this may appear enough, but in respect of the fact that it can see at all. in
do so, evidently it must first cut itself up into at state which sees, and at least one other state which is In this severed and mutilated condition, whatever it sees only partially itself. We may take it that the world undoubtedly in
seen. is is
from itself), but, in any attempt to see an object, it must, equally undoubtedly, act so as to make from, and therefore false to, itself. In this condition always partially elude itself.
itself (i.e. is indistinct
itself distinct it
the intellectual block which most of us
indication to form, and
form to void, that has so held up the and its mathematics.
Not so much
are also precursors of truth.
come up against at the points where, to experience the world clearly, we must abandon existence to truth, truth to indication,
To explain, literally to lay out in a plane where particulars can be readily seen. Thus to place or plan in flat land, sacrificing other dimensions for the sake of appearance. Thus to expound or put out at the cost of ignoring the reality or richness of what is so put out. Thus to take a view away from its prime reality or royalty, or to gain
Report From Gurney's Organic Garden
in his article on sanctity and adaption, Rappaport cites two essential tautologies: that every living being is connected to every
put a handle on strange overview, maybe,
sure hard to
other living being, and that the environment is so complex that we total consequences of any action. So the supernatural world, in which all beings, visible and invisible, are connected by the great spiritual thread, in which the consequences are never seen yet always critical, is not just similar but identical to the natural world. It is science which operates with an imaginary environment, an environment it imagines it can control, in which
cannot predict the
or fluid bingo.
From the outset I was determined to avoid relating to the garden abstractly, in terms of “poetry , ” or “ideas. ” usual tendency is to reduce my experience to metaphors, then render the metaphors in words, and I wanted to beat that rap this time. Food, chewed
richard grossinger brings a gnat's ass
and a cannonball
it believes its own predictions, setting limits on just how far it will trace a poison or follow a river. Who cares if insecticide in Iowa pollutes the Great Lakes, who cares if the poisonous wastes from the potato factory in Maine pour into New Brunswick, as long as thecrud passes political boundaries? Who cares if the microorganisms are poisoned, the algae and sndils choked, these are not men's deiicacies? Who cares about the supernatural, the world we cannot see? Who cares what happens to the skeletons of the fish after the fish are eaten, when every house has a garbage disposal; except during a garbage strike in New York the people forget that there is waste and the waste goes somewhere, motorboats killing off everything in a lake during successive
makes them fit, shows how they
and swallowed, was what the garden was all about, and nothing less than that was going to satisfy. I wanted the experience to come alive outside my head, in the concrete world, and achieving that of course was the prime reward.
then takes a long skinny oecological finger
and gently tweaks
But the thing I’m pleased
to discover, now that the garden is a fact, that I’m not as nervous as I was about abstractions. Abstractions built out of other abstractions can lead to actual sickness, I believe. But abstraction derived from the concrete is like the other side of the coin, yin and yang. It feels good to talk about gardening, now that the work is done. Feels the best in a long time, in fact. Like dessert, after a good meal. It’s amazing what a little honest, sweatproducing work can do for a nervous head.
the reader's nose.
-id Solar Journal: Oecological Sections Richard Grossinger 1970; 130 pp.
So stuff has been occuring to me: talk, for instance. The difference in the quality of talk that grows out of true experience, against talk that grows only out of other talk. Talk among people who never do anything but talk, vs. words between people who have other things to do with themselves. Drawing room conversation dependent on other drawing rooms, against conversation among people who’ve just come in from the world. Political opinions based on other people’s political opinoins, against a politics grow-
Memorial Days and July 4's and Labor Days? And every living organism shares in the consequences, and the consequences are wars says the astronaut looking down at Earth, only civil wars even as the hunter downs the bear, the fish are caught in the Bella Coola trap. And everyone is simultaneously the benefactor and the victim; we are all victimized by what we are made out of, by, in fact, that we are made out of anything. The consequences never cease but pass and rebound, and this is the story of light in the universe, a sun whose powers flood on beyond Earth, beyond planets, an Earth which receives the decay of collective, only civil
from: Black Sparrow Press
Box 25603 Los Angeles, California 90025 or
WHOLE EARTH CATALOG
ing from the life you *ve personally lived. It’s all like the difference between a wax apple, and one just dropped off a tree.
we’ve all gone around crazy the past few years in revolution against rules because they are rules ; discovering some rules that are bad, deciding all rules must be bad, so what the world needs is anarchy . Head filled with such cheap crap, then coming up against something like a garden, entering into the work of it as if: this is my scene; decide the processes of this garden because I’m a free man and I’m going to do my thing. So you thing is to spray water around. “Express” yourself in water. It’s so. esthetic. The curve of the spray is so. . poetic. It’s a veritable art form, no less, the avant-garde of agriculture. Jackson Pollock with a green thumb. Spray here, spray there, spray all over God’s whole creation cause I ’m going to this:
Well, do tell. Because what’s happening, the reason all those beans and tomatoes and carrots are, like drooping a little is that you’ve damned near drowned the things. And so you learn: the gardener doesn’t make up the terms of his relationship to the garden. He doesn’t invent them out of his precious head, change them around according to his petty whim. The terms exist before he gets there and they ’ll still exist long after he has gone. It’s like the plants are saying: “ Give us none of your hip esoteric shit; we want water, and we want it in precise amounts, according to the varying root systems of each plant. We want fertilizer, and if you don’t know how much, find out. Find out about nitrogen, about phosphorus, about potash. For if you expect anything from this garden, you must know what the garden expects of you. There’s a reality among these rows, stuff is going on bigger than all of us, so dig it. You are only a part of what is happening here. Fit yourself into the scheme. Abide by the law, and maybe you ’ll be ” pleased that you did.
Then this: pic\\ up a radical newspaper, see a picture of the entrance to an Army post. Fort Dix, probably. And above the gate and the M.P. ’s helmets is a sign that reads: “Obedience to the law is freedom. ” It’s one of the philosophical highlights of the gardening season to read those words in political terms, and shudder; then read them again in terms of the natural world and think: how true, how true.
NOTE ON SPELLING: Oecology is the etymological spelling of Ecology. The logos of oikos is the law of the house in the deepest sense: meaning the speech by which the house is known to itself, meaning that the house is subject to the proportions of its rule. It's house rules I'm talking about, just and unjust, or finally JUST. want to recall to you the house, of which planet is one aspect, language is another, body is another house in the sense that oeconomy is the management of the house and Oikumene is the known, inhabited, LIVED IN world. /
In the beginning there was only the unity of the Ice Sheet. Then followed the unity of the March thaw, and the northward hegira of the international geese. Every March since the Pleistocene, the geese have honked unity from China Sea to Siberian Steppe, from
Euphrates to Volga, from Nine to Murmansk, from Lincolnshire to Spitsbergen. Every March since the Pleistocene, the geese have honked unity from Currituck to Labrador, Matamuskeet to Ungava, Horseshoe Lake to Hudson's Bay, Avery Island to Baffin Land, Panhandle to Mackenzie, Sacramento to Yukon.
From The Free You Volume 3 September 1969
Sand County Almanac "Classic" it's called now, because it was published in 1949 and still has bite. Wherever the ecologist looks the world weaves a wild story. This one looked at Sand County, among other places, and was led to propose a Land Ethic.
of geese, the waste corn of Illinois is carried through the clouds of the Arctic tundras, there to combine with the waste sunlight of a nightless June to grow goslings for all the lands between. And in this annual barter of food for light, and winter warmth for summer solitude, the whole continent receives as net profit a wild poem dropped from the murky skies upon the muds of March. this international
hit of grass to
for a J.
A Sand County Almanac
Aldo Leopold 1949; 295 pp.
$0.95 postpaid from:Ballantine Books, Inc. 101 Fifth Ave. New York, N.Y. 10003 or
WHOLE EARTH CATALOG
LOOKING FOR DOPE Urge's wipers wiped and wiped and wiped and wiped and wiped and wiped and wiped, and still D.R. could barely see through the windshield. It hadn't bothered him the first few hours, but as the rain kept falling and the night wore on and his eyes got sore and tired, the world outside the windshield gradually turned into such a visual mush D.R. had trouble keeping Urge on the road. What Urge needed was a new set of windshield wipers, and what D.R. needed was some food and a good night's sleep. But short of that the next best thing of course was a good
was young then, and full of trigger-itch; thought that because fewer wolves meant more deer, that no wolves would mean hunters' I
strive for safety, prosperity,
kind of bring things into focus. Sorry old bus, he said to Urge as he felt his shirt pocket
And he meant that too. One of Divine Right's convictions was that it was possible to turn a vehicle onto dope if only the right means could be found. One time just before crossing the Canadian border he'd stashed an ounce of prime Afghan hash in Urge's crank case and Urge had obviously loved it. Within a mile Urge's headlights had started flashing on and off, his horn spontaneously bleated tones of joy. At least it had seemed that way. D.R. was pretty stoned himself at the time and it may have been that those were only things he wanted Urge to do. At any rate, the bus began to cough and choke and gasp for breath after a while, and he'd had to take the hash back out. But that's okay. Urge old buddy, D.R. said, feeling his shirt for a J. That's all right. I'm working on it. One of these days I'll come up with a formula to stone you with so fine, so right you'll think: divine.
The joint D.R. had put in his shirt pocket was gone. All he found was a tattered book of matches. He looked in the compartment and felt in his leather-belt-pouch, but it was the same. So at a wide place at the end of a bridge D.R. pulled off the road and started to rummage around the bus in search of dope.
up and rubbed her eyes. She was in on the mattress near the back of
a sleeping bag, lying cross-ways
The bus wasn't wide enough for her to stretch out but there was so much junk scattered around there wasn't
American conservation with
concerned for the most part
any other place to lie. In spite of having to twist herself into an S to lie down, she'd slept so deeply for seven straight hours that now she was having trouble getting her eyes to stay open. "Go back to sleep." "No, I'm awake. Where are we?" "Fuck, don't know. Somewhere out west."
Perhaps the most serious obstacle impeding the evolution of a land ethic is the fact that our educational and economic system is headed away from, rather than toward; an intense consciousness of land. Your true modern is separated from the land by many middlemen,
and by innumerable physical gadgets. •
tends to preserve the integrity, stability, It is wrong when it tends
and beauty of the biotic community. otherwise.
Connections Whole Systems
On Growth and Form A paradigm
classic. Everyone dealing with growth or form in any manner can use the book. We've seen worn copies on the shelves of artists, inventors, engineers, computer systems designers: biologists.
-SB On Growth and Form D'Arcy Wentworth Thompson Two volume edition 1917, 1952
Abridged paper edition 1917, 1961; 346 pp.
Cambridge University Press 510 North Avenue New Rochelle, N. Y. 10801 or
engineer, who had been busy designing a new and powerful crane, saw in a moment that the arrangement of the bony trabeculae was nothing more nor less than a diagram of the lines of stress, or directions of tension and compression, in the loaded structure; in short, that Nature was strengthening the bone in precisely the manner and direction in which strength was required; and he is said to have cried out, "That's my crane!"
WHOLE EARTH CATALOG
The geometry of the and
Fig. 143. (a) Harpinia
plumosa Kr.; (6) Stegocrphalus (c) Hyperta galba.
edges and four faces are
to the outer skeleton are
planes. Its faces are spherical.
the wire framework of a regular tetrahedron and dipped it in soap-solution, he obtained in an instant a beautifully symmetrical system of six films, meeting three by three in four edges and these four edges running from the corners of the figure to its centre of symmetry. Here they meet, two by two, at the Maraldi angle; and the films meet three by three, to form the re-entrant solid angle which we have called a "Maraldi pyramid" in our account of the architecture of the honeycomb. The very same configuration is easily recognized in the minute siliceous skeleton of Callimitra. There are two discrepancies, neither of which need raise any difficulty. The figure is not rectilinear but a spherical tetrahedron, such as might be formed by the boundary edges of a tetrahedral cluster of four co-equal bubbles; and just as Plateau extended his experiment by blowing a small bubble in the centre of his tetrahedral system, so we have a central bub-
Diagrammatic construction of Callimitra. (a) A bubble suspended withir a tetrahedral cage; (6) another bubble within a skeleton of the former bubble.
and each has arcs,
centre in the opposite corner.
Along each edge the two angle of
in a plane perpendicular to the
the arc opposite, and each has
centre in the middle of that chord.
meet each other at an
ble also here.
This bubble may be of any size; but its situation (if it be present at all) is always the same, and its shape is always such as to give the Maraldi angles at its own four corners. The tension of its own walls, and those of the films by which it is supported or slung, all balance one another. Hence the bubble appears in plane projection as a curvilinear equilateral triangle; and we have only got to convert this plane diagram into the corresponding solid to obtain the spherical tetrahedron we have been seeking to explain.
Purposive Systems You're a purposive system. So
We're very good at it, and not as good as we'd like to be. Humanity, as a whole, is lousy at it, and worried. This collection of recent cybernetic thoughts can cheer you up and give you better concepts to I.
worry with. Purposive Systems Ed.:
Heinz von Foerster,
from Spartan Books 432 Park Avenue South New York. N. Y. 10016
• There is no basic reason why one cannot design a control memory with a different technology, a technology which would allow the computer itself to alter the information stored in the control memory. Thus we would have a computer that could alter its own character as required. To my knowledge very little conceptual work has been done
act of choosing a representation for a problem involves the specification of a space where the search for solution can take place. Such a specification involves the choice of a language— and its use— for
expressing problem conditions, properties of solutions, and knowledge of regularities in the search space.
Aspects of Form a well-used collection of insights initiates of form study.
powerful source of misunderstanding.
Regularity seeking activities that seem to be generally useful include the detection of symmetries, the identification of 'critical points' (key points through which the search .T*Jst go to get a solution), and the recognition of redundant information in problem descriptions.
'image' in this biological sense, then, is not an imitation of an obform but an imitation of certain privileged or relevant It is here that a wide field of investigation would seem to open.
We know that there are certain privileged motifs in our world to which we respond almost too easily. The human face may be outstanding among them. Whether by instinct or by very early training, we certainly are ever disposed to single out the expressive features of a face from the chaos of sensations that surrounds it and to respond to its slightest variations with fear or joy.
WHOLE EARTH CATALOG
Form Whole Systems
mine once gave what regard as a nice shorthand formula. dilemma.introduce novelty.
postpaid from Indiana University Press 10th and Morton Streets
Bloomington, Ind. 47401
events are significantly related.
Lancelot Lam Whyte, ed. 1951; 249 pp.
A man may learn by experience to associate two series of events between which any connection seemed at first wildly improbable. For such associations to be possible, provision must be made for every signal entering the nervous system to be relayed to every part, not merely to the specialised receiving zone. Thus from the knot of an event is generated a web of speculation; when two series of events are perceived together they form the warp and woof of a shimmering fabric into which is woven the pattern of the probability that the two
-SB Aspects of
WHOLE EARTH CATALOG
If we detach the concern of survival from computers, as is generally the case, they can learn abilities more useful to man than the struggle for existence.
in thinking through the implications of this extremely powerful possibility. The possibilities are so staggering and deep. The poor harried souls responsible for trying to understand the classical computer as we now know it wish this idea would go away.
L. J. Peterson, J. K. Russell
1968; 179 pp.
We have not yet built into our educational system any recognition of the points where precision is essential, and yet we are living in a society where one mistake can dislocate the lives of thousands of people, wreck distribution systems, and distort life-history data, and subsequent
2 Copperhead Snake— —illustrating the effectiveness of disrupbackground configuration
tive contrast in relation to
Christopher Alexander is a design person that other design people refer to a lot. This book deals with the nature of current design problems that are expanding dear beyond any individual's ability to know and correlate all the factors. The methodology presented here
Indeed, not only is the man who lives in the form the one who made it, but there is a special closeness of contact between man and form which leads to constant rearrangement of unsatisfactory detail, constant improvement. The man, already responsible for the original shaping of the form, is also alive to its demands while he inhabits it. And anything which needs to be changed is changed at once.
XOTES ON THE
one of analysis of a problem for misfits and synthesis of form ( via computer-translatable is
and hierarchies) for minimum
do, to regard
maintenance as a nuisance which is best forgotten it is time to call the local plumber. It is in the as the building operation itself, and its exigencies are as likely to shape the form as those of the
subsystem, roughly speaking, is one of the obvious components of the system, like the parts shown with a circle round them. If we try to adjust a set of variables which does not constitute a subsystem, the repercussions of the adjustment affect others outside the set. because the set is not sufficiently independent. The procedure of the unselfconcioos system is so
[from the table of contents]
The Mousgoum cannot until
The greatest clue to the inner structure of any dynamic process lies in its reaction to change.
Goodness of Fit 15 The Source of Good Fit 28 The Unselfconscious Process 46 The Selfconscious Process 55
individual’s grasp of problems is constantly-misled. His concepts and categories, besides being arbitrary and unsuitable, are self-perpetuating. Under the influence of concepts, he not only does things from a biased point of view, but sees them biasedly as well. The concepts control his perception of of fit and misfit— until in the end he sees nothing but deviations from his conceptual dogmas, and loses not only the urge but even the mental opportunity to
frame his problems more appropriately.
But if we think of the requirements from a negative point of view, as potential misfits, there is a simple way of picking a finite set. This is because it is through misfit that the problem originally brings itself to our attention. We take just those relations