The Humanism of St. Francis De Sales

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FORDHAM UNIVERSITY GRADUATE SCHOOL

.....................19.AZ.

This dissertation prepared under my direction by

M other M aria T e re sa Gruevaraj .H .iS .C .J. entitled

ffhe Htimanlam. o f S t ; F r a n c is de S a l e s

has been accepted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the Degree of

D o o to r o f P h i l o s ophy

( Faculty A dviser)

•r

l

THE HUMANISM OF ST. FRANCIS BE SALES

BY MOTHER M. T, GUEVARA, R. S . C . J . M. A#, FordHam U n iv e r s it y , *39

DISSERTATION SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF DOCTOR IN PHILOSOPHY IN THE DEPARTMENT OF ROMANCE LANGUAGES AT FORDHAM UNIVERSITY

NEW YORK 1941

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ProQuest N um ber: 10992527

All rights reserved INFORMATION TO ALL USERS The quality of this reproduction is d e p e n d e n t upon the quality of the copy subm itted. In the unlikely e v e n t that the a u thor did not send a c o m p le te m anuscript and there are missing pages, these will be noted. Also, if m aterial had to be rem oved, a n o te will ind ica te the deletion.

uest ProQuest 10992527 Published by ProQuest LLC(2018). C opyright of the Dissertation is held by the Author. All rights reserved. This work is protected against unauthorized copying under Title 17, United States C o d e M icroform Edition © ProQuest LLC. ProQuest LLC. 789 East Eisenhower Parkway P.O. Box 1346 Ann Arbor, Ml 4 8 1 0 6 - 1346

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

C hapter Page PREFACE

..........................................

iv

introduction

The Tim es o f S a in t F r a n c is de S a l e s .........................

1

P a r t th e F i r s t . CLASSICAL HUMANISM AND ST. FRANCIS DE SALES I. II. III. IV .

HUMANISTIC PREPARATION OF ST. FRANCIS IN PARIS

.................

LEGAL AND THEOLOGICAL. STUDIES OF ST. FRANCIS AT PADUA FAVORITE AUTHORS AND THEIR AUTHORITY . . . . . . . . ____

67 ....

83

CLASSICAL INFLUENCE OH HIS MATTER AND THOUGHT...............................97

V. ■ CLASSICAL INFLUENCE IN RELATION TO FORM V I.

38

THE STYLE OF ST. FRANCIS

.1 1 4

............

...135

P a r t th e Second THE HUMANISM OF THE RENAISSANCE AND ST. -FRANCIS BE SALES V II . V III. IX . X. X I.

PRINCIPAL PHILOSOPHICAL CURRENTS OF THE TIMS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 5 7 STOICISM AND ST. FRANCIS DE SALES

............. ............ . . . . . . 1 7 4

ST. FRANCIS DE SALES AND MONTAIGNE’ S NATURALISM................ . . . 1 9 5 THE PLATONISM OF ST. FRANCIS DE SALES *.......... SYNTHESIS OF ST. FRANCIS’ PERFECT HUMANISM: HIS INFLUENCE AND POWER OF ATTRACTION..............................

APPENDIX I ....................... S t . F r a n c is de S a l e s ’ E x p la n a tio n o f th e A p o s t le s ’ C reed

813 229 .2 4 3

APPENDIX I I .............................. ............244 Com parative S tudy o f P e r io d ic a l S e n te n c e s in th e A s tr e e Df H. D’U r fe and in th e T r a i t t e de 1* Amour de D ieu BIBLIOGRAPHY . .....................

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THE HUMANISM OP ST. FHANCIS DE SALES

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PREFACE The l i t e r a r y p o r t r a i t o f S t, F ra n c is de S a le s , was f o r a lo n g tim e n o t o n ly in co m p lete, b u t even o u t o f fo c u s .

I t was due in p a r t t o i th e f a c t t h a t th e f i r s t E d ito rs o f h i s works had p re s e n te d him o n ly a s th e h o ly d i r e c t o r o f s o u ls , th e a p o s tle o f p e r f e c tio n and D ivine Love, To r e a l i z e t h i s p i c t u r e o f th e m a s te r o f i n t e r i o r l i f e , th e y had sup­ p re s s e d some o f h i s l e t t e r s , o r had lin k e d to g e th e r p a ssa g e s o f d i f f e r ­ e n t wolies te a c h in g th e same s p i r i t u a l p r i n c i p l e s o r d e a lin g w ith spe­ c ia l v irtu e s .

They have l e f t o u t th e Hum anist, o verlooked th e lo v in g

and te n d e r f r i e n d , ig n o red th e w inning p e r s o n a lity o f th e s a i n t who co u ld so sim ply and so t r u l y say o f h im s e lf: "Je s u is t a n t horame que r i e n p iu s .* * S ain te-B eu v e, in th e f i r s t volume o f h i s P o rt-R o y a l, was th e f i r s t l i t e r a r y c r i t i c to r e a l i z e th e im portance o f S t , F ra n c is de S a le s a s a c l a s s i c a l a u th o r o f French l i t e r a t u r e .

B ut he had n o t th e appro­

p r i a t e m a t e r i a l to work w ith , a s i t was o n ly a t th e end o f th e n in e ­ te e n th c e n tu ry t h a t a s c h o la r ly and com plete e d it i o n o f th e works o f S t . F r a n c is de S a le s was u n d e rta k en by th e V is ita n d in e Huns o f An­ n e cy , The enormous l a b o r in v o lv e d i n auch a p u b lic a tio n was d ir e c te d n r - , , - -

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P e r io d ic a l se n te n c e i n th r e e p a r te s each one c o n s i s t s o r t e a g ro u p s o f rh y th m ic a l e le m e n ts, and each p a r t en d s by a sym m etrical member ©t e ig h t s y l l a b l e s . B o ch et, 1*A s tr e e , s e e o r l g i n e s , p p . 143*146

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■ ii

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D ate o f B ir th

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G raduated High School Graduated

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fDete O th er d e g re e s D ate

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1908 Academy o f th e S acred H e art 1918 C o lle g e o f th e S acred H e a rt C haaaartia, M adrid, Espana 1919 M. A. Fordham u n i v e r s it y 1939

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