The Ethics and Economics of the Basic Income Guarantee 9781315239934, 9780754641889

Governments in the US, the UK and other nations around the world routinely consider and, in some cases, experiment with

449 41 4MB

English Pages [351] Year 2005

Report DMCA / Copyright

DOWNLOAD FILE

Polecaj historie

The Ethics and Economics of the Basic Income Guarantee
 9781315239934, 9780754641889

  • Commentary
  • problem with fonts

Table of contents :
Cover
Half Title
Title Page
Copyright Page
Contents
List of Figures
List of Tables
List of Contributors
Foreword
Acknowledgments
1 An Introduction to the Basic Income Guarantee
PART ONE: HISTORY
2 In the Shadow of Speenhamland: Social Policy and the Old Poor Law
3 Inheritance and Equal Shares: Early American Views
4 The Guaranteed Income Movement of the 1960s and 1970s
5 A Retrospective on the Negative Income Tax Experiments: Looking Back at the Most Innovate Field Studies in Social Policy
PART TWO: DEBATE
6 Basic Income in the United States: Redefining Citizenship in the Liberal State
7 Basic Income, Liberal Neutrality, Socialism, and Work
8 Does She Exploit or Doesn't She? 13
9 Perhaps There Can Be Too Much Freedom
PART THREE: EVIDENCE
10 Income Guarantees and the Equity-Efficiency Tradeoff
11 Have the 1996 Welfare Reforms and Expansion of the Earned Income Tax Credit Eliminated the Need for a Basic Income Guarantee in the United States?
12 Back to Work Incentives in a Dynamic Perspective: An Application to French Labor Markets
13 Social Minima in Europe: The Risks of Cumulating Income-Sources
PART FOUR: PROPOSALS
14 The Political Economy of the Basic Income Grant in South Africa
15 The Approval of the Basic Income Guarantee in Brazil
16 The Basic Income Guarantee in Europe: The Belgian and Dutch Back Door Strategies
17 The Cost of Eliminating Poverty in Canada: Basic Income With an Income Test Twist
18 Can a Negative Income Tax System for the United Kingdom be Both Equitable and Affordable?
Index

Citation preview

7+((7+,&6$1'(&2120,&62)7+(%$6,&,1&20( *8$5$17((

$OWHUQDWLYH9RLFHVLQ&RQWHPSRUDU\ (FRQRPLFV

 6HULHV(GLWRU 3URIHVVRU6WHYHQ3UHVVPDQ0RQPRXWK8QLYHUVLW\86$  7KH $OWHUQDWLYH 9RLFHV LQ &RQWHPSRUDU\ (FRQRPLFV VHULHV SURYLGHV DQ LPSRUWDQW SODWIRUP IRU QHZ DQG LQQRYDWLYH DSSURDFKHV WR HFRQRPLF DQDO\VLV ZLWKLQ WKH IROORZLQJ WUDGLWLRQV 3RVW.H\QHVLDQ )HPLQLVW ,QVWLWXWLRQDO 0DU[LDQ 6UDIILDQ 5DGLFDO$XVWULDQDQG%HKDYLRXUDO7KLVVHULHVRIIHUVUHVHDUFKHUVZRUNLQJLQWKHVH KHWHURGR[ WUDGLWLRQV WKH RSSRUWXQLW\ WR DGGUHVV PHWKRGRORJLFDO WKHRUHWLFDO RU HPSLULFDOLVVXHV7KHVHULHVHGLWRUZRUNVFORVHO\ZLWKDXWKRUVDQGHGLWRUVWRHQVXUH WKHTXDOLW\RIDOOSXEOLVKHGZRUNV  2WKHUWLWOHVLQWKHVHULHV  7KH(FRQRPLFVRI3UHYDLOLQJ:DJH/DZV (GLWHGE\+DPLG$]DUL5DG3HWHU3KLOLSVDQG0DUN-3UXV ,6%1  8QGHUVWDQGLQJWKH(QWUHSUHQHXU $Q,QVWLWXWLRQDOLVW3HUVSHFWLYH &KULVWRV.DODQWDULGLV ,6%1  0RQH\&UHGLWDQGWKH5ROHRIWKH6WDWH (VVD\VLQ+RQRXURI$XJXVWR*UD]LDQL (GLWHGE\5LFKDUG$UHQDDQG1HUL6DOYDGRUL ,6%1  $OWHUQDWLYH(FRQRPLF0RGHOVRI7UDQVLWLRQ -RKQ0DUDQJRV ,6%1  :HOIDUH,QHTXDOLW\DQG5HVRXUFH'HSOHWLRQ $5HDVVHVVPHQWRI%UD]LOLDQ(FRQRPLF*URZWK 0DULDQR7RUUDV ,6%1 



7KH(WKLFVDQG(FRQRPLFVRIWKH %DVLF,QFRPH*XDUDQWHH

Edited by .$5/:,'(548,67 2[IRUG8QLYHUVLW\8.  0,&+$(/$17+21@  7KH 9LOODJH /DERXUHU /RQGRQ /RQJ PDQV*UHHQ  +DVEDFK :   $ +LVWRU\ RI WKH (QJOLVK $JULFXOWXUDO /DERXUHU WU E\ 5 .HQ\RQ /RQGRQ36.LQJ 6RQ  +HQULTXHV854   %HIRUHWKH:HOIDUH6WDWH6RFLDO$GPLQLVWUDWLRQLQ(DUO\,QGXV WULDO%ULWDLQ /RQGRQ/RQJPDQV  +LOO5/  7RU\LVPDQGWKH3HRSOH± /RQGRQ&RQVWDEOH &R  +LOWRQ%  &RUQ&DVK&RPPHUFH7KH(FRQRPLF3ROLFLHVRIWKH7RU\*RYHUQPHQWV ± 2[IRUG2[IRUG8QLYHUVLW\3UHVV  +LPPHOIDUE *   7KH ,GHD RI 3RYHUW\ (QJODQG LQ WKH (DUO\ ,QGXVWULDO $JH 1HZ @  $Q (VVD\ RQ WKH 3ULQFLSOH RI 3RSXODWLRQ QG HG &DPEULGJH &DPEULGJH8QLYHUVLW\3UHVV  0DQGOHU3  ³7KH0DNLQJRIWKH1HZ3RRU/DZ5HGLYLYXV´3DVWDQG3UHVHQW ± ²²²   ³7RULHV DQG 3DXSHUV &KULVWLDQ 3ROLWLFDO (FRQRP\ DQG WKH 0DNLQJ RI WKH 1HZ3RRU/DZ´7KH+LVWRULFDO-RXUQDO  ± 0DQWRX[3 >@ 7KH,QGXVWULDO5HYROXWLRQLQWKH(LJKWHHQWK&HQWXU\ 1HZZ@RXOG EH MXVWO\ HQWLWOHG DFFRUGLQJ WR WKLV VWDWHPHQW WRDERXWWKUHHWKRXVDQGGROODUVDVWKHLULQKHULWDQFH 8QOLNH -HIIHUVRQ DQG 3DLQH ZKR LQ SUDFWLFH DGYRFDWHG RQO\ OLPLWHG LQIULQJH PHQWV XSRQ WKH H[LVWLQJ LQKHULWDQFH UHJXODWLRQV %ODWFKO\ WKHUHIRUH SURSRVHG D PXFKPRUHUDGLFDOUHIRUP ,Q $Q (VVD\ RQ &RPPRQ :HDOWKV²D FXULRXV SDPSKOHW HPDQDWLQJ IURP WKH 1HZ