The Crown Prince or a Leopard Cat? - Rainbow Bridge Graded Chinese Reader, Level 3: 750 Vocabulary Words 9787513814669

Two imperial concubines become pregnant. The emperor tells them that whoever gives birth to a boy first will be the quee

236 3 2MB

English Pages [84] Year 2020

Report DMCA / Copyright

DOWNLOAD FILE

Polecaj historie

The Crown Prince or a Leopard Cat? - Rainbow Bridge Graded Chinese Reader, Level 3: 750 Vocabulary Words
 9787513814669

Citation preview

狸猫换太子

First Edition  2018

ISBN 978-7-5138-1466-9 Copyright 2018 by Sinolingua Co., Ltd Published by Sinolingua Co., Ltd 24 Baiwanzhuang Road, Beijing 100037, China Tel: (86) 10-68320585 68997826 Fax: (86) 10-68997826 68326333 http://www.sinolingua.com.cn E-mail: [email protected] Facebook: www.facebook.com/sinolingua Printed by Beijing Jinghua Hucais Printing Co., Ltd

Printed in the People’s Republic of China

编者的话 对于广大汉语学习者来说,要想快速提高汉语水平, 扩大阅读量是很有必要的。“彩虹桥”汉语分级读物为汉 语学习者提供了一系列有趣、有用的汉语阅读材料。本 系列读物按照词汇量进行分级,力求用限定的词汇讲述 精彩的故事。本套读物主要有以下特点: 一、分级精准,循序渐进。我们参考“新汉语水平考 试(HSK)词汇表”(2012 年修订版)、《汉语国际教育用 音节汉字词汇等级划分(国家标准)》和《常用汉语 1500 高频词语表》等词汇分级标准,结合《欧洲语言教学与评 估框架性共同标准》(CEFR),设计了一套适合汉语学习 者的“彩虹桥”词汇分级标准。本系列读物分为 7 个级别 (入门级 *、1 级、2 级、3 级、4 级、5 级、6 级),供不同 水平的汉语学习者选择,每个级别故事的生词数量不超过 本级别对应词汇量的 20%。随着级别的升高,故事的篇幅 逐渐加长。本系列读物与 HSK、CEFR 的对应级别,各级 词汇量以及每本书的字数详见下表。 a

* 入门级(Starter)在封底用 S 标识。

III

级别 入门级 对应 级别

1级

2级

3级

4级

5级

6级

HSK1 HSK1-2 HSK2-3 HSK3 HSK3-4 HSK4 HSK5 CEFR CEFR CEFR CEFR CEFR CEFR CEFR A1 A1-A2 A2-B1 A2-B1 B1 B1-B2 B2-C1

词汇量

150

300

字数

1 000

2 500

500

750

1 000 1 500 2 500

5 000 7 500 10 000 15 000 25 000

二、故事精彩,题材多样。本套读物选材的标准就是 “精彩”,所选的故事要么曲折离奇,要么感人至深,对读 者构成奇妙的吸引力。选题广泛取材于中国的神话传说、 民间故事、文学名著、名人传记和历史故事等,让汉语学 习者在阅读中潜移默化地了解中国的文化和历史。 三、结构合理,实用性强。“彩虹桥”系列读物的每 IV

一本书中,除了中文故事正文之外,都配有主要人物的中 英文介绍、生词英文注释及例句、故事正文的英文翻译、 练习题和生词表,方便读者阅读和理解故事内容,提升汉 语阅读能力。练习题主要采用客观题,题型多样,难度适 中,并附有参考答案,既可供汉语教师在课堂上教学使 用,又可供汉语学习者进行自我水平检测。 如果您对本系列读物有什么想法,比如推荐精彩故事、 提 出 改 进 意 见 等, 请 发 邮 件 到 [email protected], 与 我 们 交 流 探 讨。 也 可 以 关 注 我 们 的 微 信 公 众 号 CHQRainbowBridge,随时与我们交流互动。同时,微信 公众号会不定期发布有关“彩虹桥”的出版信息,以及汉 语阅读、中国文化小知识等。 韩 颖 刘小琳

Preface

For students who study Chinese as a foreign language, it’s crucial for them to enlarge the scope of their reading to improve their comprehension skills. The “Rainbow Bridge” Graded Chinese Reader series is designed to provide a collection of interesting and useful Chinese reading materials. This series grades each volume by its vocabulary level and brings the learners into every scene through vivid storytelling. The series has the following features:a I. A gradual approach by grading the volumes based on vocabulary levels. We have consulted the New HSK Vocabulary (2012 Revised Edition), the Graded Chinese Syllables, Characters and Words for the Application of Teaching Chinese to the Speakers of Other Languages (National Standard) and the 1,500 Commonly Used High Frequency Chinese Vocabulary, along with the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR) to design the “Rainbow Bridge” vocabulary grading standard. The series is divided into seven levels (Starter*, Level 1, Level 2, Level 3, Level 4, Level 5 and Level 6) for students at different stages in their Chinese education to choose from. For each level, new words are no more than 20% of the vocabulary amount as specified in the corresponding HSK and CEFR levels. As the levels progress, the passage length will in turn increase. The following table indicates the corresponding “Rainbow Bridge” level, HSK and CEFR levels, the vocabulary amount, and number of characters. * Represented by “S” on the back cover.

V

Level

Starter

1

2

3

4

5

6

HSK1 HSK1-2 HSK2-3 HSK3 HSK3-4 HSK4 HSK5 HSK/ CEFR CEFR CEFR CEFR CEFR CEFR CEFR CEFR Level A1 A1-A2 A2-B1 A2-B1 B1 B1-B2 B2-C1 Vocabulary

150

300

500

750

Characters

1,000

2,500

5,000

7,500

1,000

1,500

2,500

10,000 15,000 25,000

II. Intriguing stories on various themes. The series features engaging stories known for their twists and turns as well as deeply touching plots. The readers will find it a joyful experience to read the stories. The topics are selected from Chinese mythology, legends, folklore, literary classics, biographies of renowned people and historical tales. Such wide-ranging topics exert an invisible, yet formative, influence on readers’ understanding of Chinese culture and history. III. Reasonably structured and easy to use. For each volume of the VI

“Rainbow Bridge” series, apart from a Chinese story, we also provide an introduction to the main characters in Chinese and English, new words with English explanations and sample sentences, and an English translation of the story, followed by comprehension exercises and a vocabulary list to help users read and understand the story and improve their Chinese reading skills. The exercises are mainly presented as objective questions that take on various forms with moderate difficulty. Moreover, keys to the exercises are also provided. The series can be used by teachers in class or by students for self-study. If you have any questions, comments or suggestions about the series, please email us at [email protected] You can also exchange ideas with us via our WeChat account: CHQRainbowBridge. This account will provide updates on the series along with Chinese reading materials and cultural tips. Han Ying and Liu Xiaolin

主要人物 Main Characters 真宗皇帝(Zh8nz4ng Huángdì):中国宋朝的一个皇帝,有 两个妃子。

Emperor Zhenzong: An emperor of China’s Song Dynasty (9601279). He has two concubines. 李妃(Lǐfēi):真宗皇帝的一个妃子。

Imperial Concubine Li: One of Emperor Zhenzong’s concubines. 刘妃(Liúfēi):真宗皇帝的另一个妃子。

Imperial Concubine Liu: Another concubine of Emperor Zhenzong. 赵祯(Zhào Zhēn):真宗皇帝和李妃的儿子。

Zhao Zhen: Son of Emperor Zhenzong and Imperial Concubine Li. 郭槐(Guō Huái):刘妃的侍从。

Guo Huai: Servant of Imperial Concubine Liu. 阿珠(A Zhū):一个宫女。

A Zhu: A palace maid. 赵忠(Zhào Zhōng):宫中的侍从,阿珠的朋友。

Zhao Zhong: A palace servant and A Zhu’s friend. 亲王赵德芳(qīnwáng Zhào Défāng):真宗皇帝的弟弟。

Prince Zhao Defang: Emperor Zhenzong’s younger brother. 陈琳(Chén Lín):赵德芳的侍从。

Chen Lin: Servant of Zhao Defang. 范中华(Fàn Zhōnghuá):一个小乞丐。

Fan Zhonghua: A child beggar.

VII

包大人(Bāodàrén):宋朝一位有名的大臣,正直又聪明。

Minister Bao: A renowned court official of the Song Dynasty, an upright and wise person.

VIII

中文故事

狸猫 a 换太子 b a 狸猫(límāo)n. leopard cat e.g., 我在大树上发 现了一只小狸猫。 太子(tàizǐ)n. b crown prince e.g., 太子是皇帝的儿 子,也是未来的皇帝。 宋朝(Sòngcháo) c n. Song Dynasty (960-1279) e.g., 宋朝的画儿很 值钱。 皇帝(huángdì)n. d emperor e.g., 中国古代有一个 女皇帝,叫武则天。 妃子(fēizi)n. e imperial concubine e.g., 皇帝有很多妃子。 中秋节(Zhōngqiū f Jié)n. Mid-autumn Festival e.g., 中秋节这天晚上, 中国人都要吃月饼。 怀孕(huáiyùn)v. g be pregnant e.g., 小李的妻子怀 孕了,他很开心。

太子出生 宋朝 c 的时候,有一个 真宗皇帝 d。他到了 50 岁还 没 有 儿 子。 他 有 两 个 年 轻 的妃子 e,一个是李妃,一 个 是 刘 妃。 真 宗 皇 帝 非 常 想 要 一 个 儿 子。 这 一 年 的 中秋节 f,真宗皇帝的两个 妃子都怀孕 g 了。真宗皇帝 很 高 兴, 他 送 给 两 个 妃 子

1

每人一块 a 手帕 b。手帕上各 自 写 着“ 送 李 妃 ” 和“ 送 刘妃”。他对两个妃子和大 “这两个妃子,谁 臣 c 们说: 先 为 我 生 下 儿 子, 谁 就 是 我的皇后 d。” 两个妃子听了都很高 兴。李妃是个好心的女人, 人 们 都 喜 欢 她。 刘 妃 和 李 2

妃 不 一 样。 刘 妃 长 得 很 漂 亮, 可 是 心 很 坏。 这 个 坏 女 人 一 心 想 当 皇 后。 她 每 天都在自己的宫殿 e 里,和 她的侍从

f

郭槐一起想坏

主意 g。 她对郭槐说: “我一定 要 当 上 皇 后! 我 才 不 相 信 什 么 上 天 呢! 我 只 相 信 权 力

h

和 金 钱。 我 的 父 母 死

后, 我 和 四 个 弟 弟 每 天 都

块(kuài)m.w. a piece e.g., 我饿了,吃了 两块饼干。 手帕(shǒupà)n. b handkerchief e.g., 这块手帕真漂 亮。 大臣(dàchén)n. c minister, court official e.g., 这个大臣非常 正直。 皇后(hu1ngh7u) d n. empress, queen e.g., 皇后是一个美 丽的女人。 宫殿(gōngdiàn) e n. imperial palace e.g., 北京有很多美 丽的古代宫殿。 侍从(shìcóng)n. f servant, attendant e.g., 皇宫里有很多 侍从。 主意(zhǔyi)n. g idea e.g., 这件事应该怎 么办?我可没有主 意。 权力(quánlì)n. h power e.g., 这个官员的手 有很大的权力。

皇太后 a (huángtàihòu)n. empress dowager e.g., 皇太后是皇帝 的母亲。

没 有 饭 吃, 那 个 时 候 上 天 也 没 有 帮 过 我。 我 现 在 是 妃 子, 以 后 我 还 要 当 上 皇 后、皇太后 a !” 郭槐说: “这可不好办 啊。万一李妃先生了男孩儿 怎么办?” 刘 妃 想, 一 定 要 让 李 妃 的 孩 子 死。 这 个 时 候, 侍女抱着刘妃的小狸猫走 了 进 来。 刘 妃 看 着 小 猫, 眼 睛 一 亮。 这 个 坏 女 人 想

3

出了一个可怕的主意。 这 一 天 晚 上, 李 妃 要 生孩子了。 一个侍女来到真宗皇 帝的宫殿,说: “李妃就要生 了,请皇上您快去看看吧。” 坐在真宗皇帝身边的 刘 妃 马 上 说: “ 皇 上, 外 面 很冷,天也黑了。您 a 今天 4

累了,就不要去了。您先休 息吧,我去看看李妃妹妹。 小婴儿 b 一出生,我就给您 送过来。您放心吧,我会像 姐姐一样照看李妃的。 ” 真 宗 皇 帝 一 听, 非 常 高兴。他想: “刘妃真是个好 心的人啊。她对我这么好, 对李妃也好。我真幸福,有 这 么 好 的 妃 子; 李 妃 真 幸 运,有这么好的姐姐!”

您(n!n)pron. a a polite form of you e.g., 妈妈,您是我 最爱的人! 婴儿(y~ng’9r)n. b baby, infant e.g., 刚出生的婴儿 很可爱。

于 是, 真 宗 皇 帝 感 动 地 说: “ 好, 你 去 看 看 李 妃 和孩子吧。有你在,真是太 好了!你是我见过的最好心 的女人,我太喜欢你了!” 刘妃笑着走了。可是, 她的眼睛里有一种可怕的 东 西, 谁 都 没 有 看 到。 刘 妃走过郭槐身边的时候看 了 他 一 眼, 这 个 侍 从 马 上

5

明白了她的意思。 在 另 一 个 宫 殿 里, 刚 刚生完孩子的李妃睡着了。 一个男婴躺 a 在她的旁边, 也 睡 着 了。 宫 殿 外, 郭 槐 正在和皇宫里的医生

b



话。 他 悄 悄 地 给 了 医 生 一 包金子 c。这个贪心 d 的医 生 走 进 屋 子, 把 小 婴 儿 抱 6

了 出 来, 给 了 郭 槐。 郭 槐 坏笑了一下,抱走了婴儿。 天 快 亮 的 时 候, 郭 槐 把 小 婴儿藏 e 进一个洗衣篮子 f, 又在婴儿身上盖了好几件 脏 g 衣服。他叫来了小侍女 阿 珠, 对 她 说: “这个篮子 里 的 脏 衣 服, 都 是 李 妃 生 孩 子 时 穿 的。 你 快 把 篮 子 丢 到 皇 宫 外 的 河 里 去。 记 住, 你 不 能 往 篮 子 里 看,

躺(tǎng)v. lie a e.g., 他躺下就睡着 了。 医生(yīsh8ng)n. b doctor, physician e.g., 我的父亲是一 位医生。 金子(jīnzi)n. c gold e.g., 这个箱子里装 满了金子。 贪心(tānxīn)adj. d greedy e.g., 做人不能太贪 心。 藏(cáng)v. hide e e.g., 小男孩儿藏在 了门后面。 篮子(lánzi)n. f basket e.g., 妈妈的篮子里 装满了蔬菜。 脏(zāng)adj. g dirty e.g., 手太脏了,要 好好洗一洗。

吉利(jílì)adj. a auspicious e.g., 有的人相信乌 鸦是不吉利的动物。

也不能告诉别人你去干什

剥(bāo)v. peel b e.g., 我帮妈妈剥栗 子壳。

就会不吉利 a。记住了吗?”

皮(pí)n. skin, c shell e.g., 苹果皮里有很 多营养元素。 尸体([email protected])n. d corpse, dead body e.g., 树下有一只鸟 的尸体。

么, 如 果 你 看 了、 说 了, 阿 珠 乖 乖 地 点 头 答 应, 带 上篮子走了。 坏心的刘妃这个时候 在 做 什 么 呢? 她 让 人 杀 死 了一只狸猫,还剥 b 了皮 c。 然 后, 她 用 包 婴 儿 的 小 被 子包住狸猫的尸体 d,去了

7

真宗皇帝的宫殿。她对真宗 皇帝说: “皇上,您快来看看, 这是李妃妹妹给您生的孩 子。 ”真宗皇帝一听,急忙走 过来看。侍女们也都过来了, 大家都想看看李妃生的孩子。 小 被 子 被 打 开 了, 一 个可怕的狸猫尸体出现在 大家眼前……真宗皇帝吓 a 8

得 坐 到 了 地 上, 他 大 叫 起 来: “天啊!这哪里是孩子, 这是妖怪 b 啊!”侍女们都 吓哭了。

吓(xià)v. a frighten e.g., 我被他吓了一 跳。 妖怪(y`ogu3i)n. b demon e.g., 孙悟空打败了 很多妖怪。

未来(wèilái)n. a future e.g., 未来的三年, 你会做什么?

李 妃 生 了 妖 怪, 这 对 国家是非常不吉利的事情。 真 宗 皇 帝 非 常 生 气, 他 让 侍 从 马 上 去 把 李 妃 杀 了。 侍从和侍女们都哭着求真 宗皇帝不要杀李妃。最后, 真宗皇帝终于同意先不杀 李 妃。 他 让 人 把 李 妃 关 在 房间里,永远不让她出来。 李妃知道这件事后非 常 难 过, 她 哭 着 说 自 己 生 的 是 个 男 孩 儿。 可 是 没 有 人 相 信 她, 人 们 都 看 到 了 刘妃抱来的狸猫尸体。 10 天后,坏心的刘妃 生 下 了 一 个 男 孩 儿, 皇 宫 里 的 人 都 很 高 兴。 真 宗 皇 帝 当 天 就 决 定, 这 个 孩 子 是未来 a 的皇帝。刘妃成了 新皇后。

9

这 一 天, 真 宗 皇 帝 的 弟弟——亲王 a 赵德芳也来 了。 他 和 大 臣 们 一 样, 是 来祝贺

b

小王子出生的。

亲 王 对 真 宗 皇 帝 说: “皇上,您有了太子,国家 有 了 未 来 的 皇 帝, 真 是 太 好 了! 我 的 妻 子 上 个 月 也 为 我 生 了 一 个 儿 子, 名 叫 10

赵 祯。 我 希 望 他 能 和 太 子 成 为 好 朋 友。 请 让 他 们 一 起 玩 儿、 一 起 读 书 吧, 这 样两个孩子都会开心的。” 真宗皇帝听了也很高 兴, 说: “ 太 好 了! 我 希 望 这两个孩子能像亲兄弟一 样。 你 以 后 常 带 孩 子 来 宫 里玩儿吧。” 亲 王 从 皇 宫 回 来 后, 把真宗皇帝的话告诉了妻

亲王(qīnwáng)n. a imperial prince e.g., 亲王是国王的 弟弟,国王很信任 他。 祝贺(zhùhè)v. b congratulate e.g., 他考出了好成 绩,我们要祝贺他。

子。 妻 子 抱 着 孩 子 坐 在 桌 子旁,难过地流泪。原来, 她 抱 着 的 孩 子, 就 是 十 天 前李妃生的孩子。 这 是 怎 么 回 事 呢? 那 一 天, 阿 珠 出 了 皇 宫, 走 了很长时间,还没到河边。 篮 子 很 重, 阿 珠 走 累 了, 就 坐 在 一 棵 大 树 下 休 息。 忽 然, 她 听 到 篮 子 里 有 哭 声。阿珠吓坏了,不敢看,

11

也 不 敢 动。 她 不 知 道 篮 子 里是什么可怕的东西。 亲王赵德芳的侍从陈 琳 出 来 办 事, 正 好 从 这 条 路 上 走 过。 他 听 到 了 婴 儿 的 哭 声, 就 停 下 来 问 阿 珠 发生了什么事。 阿珠哭着把篮子的事 情 告 诉 了 陈 琳。 陈 琳 是 个 12

正直

a

又 聪 明 的 人。 他 看

到 了 篮 子 里 的 婴 儿, 心 里 一 下 想 到 一 件 事。 刚 才, 他从皇宫大门口走过的时 候, 听 到 侍 从 们 都 在 议 论 b,李妃昨天晚上生了个 妖 怪 …… 现 在, 看 见 篮 子 里的男婴,陈琳心里一惊: “难道,这个男婴就是…… 这 么 重 要 的 事 情, 一 定 要 快 点 儿 告 诉 亲 王 才 行!”

正直(zh-ngzh!) a adj. honest, upright e.g., 我要成为一个 正直的人。 议论(yìlùn)v. b discuss, talk about e.g., 不要随便议论 别人的好坏。

不幸(búxìng) a adj. unfortunate e.g., 这个小男孩儿 的命运非常不幸。

陈 琳 想: “如果这个男婴真 的 是 李 妃 生 的, 那 他 也 太 不幸 a 了。亲王是个正直、 善 良 的 人, 应 该 能 想 办 法 保护他。”于是,陈琳悄悄 带着小婴儿和阿珠来到亲 王 家 里。 一 路 上 没 有 人 看 到他们。 在 亲 王 的 房 间 里, 亲 王 和 他 的 妻 子 正 在 哭。 原

13

来, 他 们 的 儿 子 出 生 后 生 了 病, 昨 天 夜 里 就 死 了。 这个孩子只活了 20 天。因 为 伤 心, 亲 王 就 把 死 去 的 婴儿埋 a 在了后花园里。这 件事情别人都不知道。 陈琳带着阿珠找到了 亲王。聪明的亲王听了阿珠 的话,一下子就明白了。他 14

心里很难过。他知道,刘妃 是个很坏的女人,为了当皇 后,她什么都干得出来。而 真宗皇帝因为她长得美,会 说好听的话,一直都非常喜 欢 她, 也 很 信 任 她。 亲 王 想: “就算我现在把孩子送 回皇宫去,我的哥哥也不会 相信我说的话。而且,在皇 宫里,谁也保护不了这个小 小的婴儿。”

埋(m1i)v. bury a e.g., 他把死去的小狗 埋在了花园里。

自言自语 a (zìyán=zìyǔ)talk to oneself e.g., 他经常在屋子 里自言自语。

“ 怎 么 办 呢? 把 孩 子 送 回 皇 宫, 刘 妃 一 定 会 杀 了 他。 怎 么 办 呢 ……” 亲 王一边自言自语 a,一边在 房间里走来走去地想办法。 这 时 候, 婴 儿 哭 了。 亲 王 善良的妻子马上给孩子吃 自 己 的 奶, 还 给 他 穿 上 了 自己孩子的衣服。 亲 王 这 下 有 办 法 了。 他让阿珠和陈琳对别人什

15

么 都 不 要 说。 他 决 定, 就 让这个孩子在自己家长大。 等 孩 子 长 大 了, 再 想 办 法 告诉真宗皇帝事情的真相。 就 这 样, 亲 王 像 别 人 一样去皇宫祝贺太子的出 生。 刘 妃 以 为 李 妃 的 孩 子 已 经 死 了。 谁 也 不 知 道, 亲王的小儿子赵祯就是李 16

妃生的孩子。 刘 妃 当 了 皇 后, 她 的 四 个 弟 弟 也 都 当 了 大 官。 他 们 做 了 很 多 坏 事, 可 是 谁 也 不 敢 管 他 们。 大 臣 们 都 很 害 怕 刘 家 的 人。 大 家 都知道真宗皇帝只听刘皇 后 的, 谁 敢 反 对 刘 皇 后 和 她的弟弟谁就要死。

李妃出宫 10 年后,刘皇后的儿 子 生 病 死 了。 刘 皇 后 哭 了 很多天。真宗皇帝更老了, 不 能 再 生 孩 子 了。 以 后 谁 来 当 皇 帝 呢? 如 果 真 宗 皇 帝 没 有 儿 子, 亲 王 就 是 未 来 的 皇 帝。 刘 皇 后 很 不 高 兴。 她 想 让 自 己 弟 弟 的 孩 子 来 当 太 子, 可 是 真 宗 皇 帝 不 愿 意。 最 后, 亲 王 的

17

小 儿 子、10 岁 的 赵 祯 成 了 太 子。 赵 祯 离 开 了 亲 王 的 家, 来 到 皇 宫 生 活。 在 这 里, 宫 里 的 老 师 每 天 都 教 他 读 书, 侍 女 阿 珠 每 天 照 顾 a 他、陪 b 他玩儿。 一 天, 天 气 很 好。 太 子 赵祯看到了一只可爱的 小 狗。 他 追 着 小 狗 跑 啊 跑 18

啊,最后跑到了一个很破 c 的房子前面。房子的大门是 锁 d 着的,看门的人不在。 赵祯好奇 e 地来到窗前,他 听到里面有女人在哭。 赵 祯 问: “里边的女 人, 你 为 什 么 哭 啊? 你 不 高 兴 吗? 皇 宫 里 人 人 穿 漂 亮的衣服、吃好吃的东西, 大家都很高兴啊。” 屋子里的女人就是 10

照顾(zhàogù)v. a look after e.g., 他生病的时候, 都是老师在照顾他。 陪(péi)v. b accompany e.g., 我经常陪孩子 玩儿。 破(pò)adj. c dilapidated e.g., 这件衣服太破 了,没法穿了。 锁(suǒ)v. lock d up e.g., 把门锁好再出 发。 好奇(hàoqí)adj. e curious e.g., 这个孩子对很 多事都非常好奇。

年 前 被 关 起 来 的 李 妃。 她 哭 着 说: “ 我 冷, 我 饿。 已 经有 10 年没有人来看过我 了, 皇 上 一 定 早 就 把 我 忘 了。我想我的孩子……” 赵 祯 非 常 好 心。 他 从 衣服口袋里拿出点心,对着 窗 口 说: “ 你 把 手 给 我, 我 有吃的东西给你。我来跟你 说话,你不要哭了。” 李妃来到窗口和赵祯 说话,吃赵祯给她的东西。 从 那 天 开 始, 太 子 每 天 都 去看这个破房子里的女人。 阿珠知道李妃和太子是母 子。 看 到 他 们 开 心 地 在 一 起 说 话, 阿 珠 又 高 兴 又 难 过。 她 对 李 妃 说: “您要活 下 去 啊, 很 多 人 都 知 道 您 是 好 人, 他 们 只 是 害 怕,

19

不 敢 站 出 来 帮 您。 您 好 好 20

活 着, 以 后 一 定 会 再 见 到 您的孩子的。”李妃听了很 感动,望着阿珠点了点头。 阿 珠 不 敢 告 诉 太 子, 这个可怜的李妃就是他的 亲 妈 妈。 李 妃 自 从 见 到 赵 祯, 心 情 好 多 了。 她 和 赵 祯 说 了 很 多 话, 非 常 喜 欢 这 个 孩 子。 她 在 心 里 想: “我的儿子如果还活着,也

该 像 这 个 孩 子 这 么 大 了。 我 好 想 我 的 儿 子 啊! 我 活 下去就是为了有一天能再 见到他。” 一天,吃午饭的时候, 刘皇后看见太子把很多水 果和点心放进衣服口袋里, 就问他在干什么。太子说: “我要把这些东西带给破 房 子 里 的 李 妃 吃, 她 的 孩 子 一 出 生 就 不 见 了, 别 人 说 她 生 了 妖 怪, 把 她 关 了 起 来, 每 天 只 给 她 一 点 儿 吃 的、 一 点 儿 水, 没 有 侍 女 照 看 她。 我 觉 得 她 很 可 怜。” 刘皇后听了非常害怕。 她 问 太 子, 还 有 谁 和 那 个 李 妃 说 话 了。 太 子 说: “阿 珠 也 和 李 妃 说 话 了。 听 了

21

李 妃 说 的 话, 阿 珠 还 难 过 地哭了呢。” 刘 皇 后 更 害 怕 了, 她 怕 10 年前干的坏事被人知 道。她假装 a 很感动,对太 子 说: “我也觉得李妃很可 怜。 这样吧,你先去上学。 老 师 在 等 你 呢。 我 一 会 儿 让阿珠把好吃的给李妃送 22

去,好吗?”听她这么说,

假装(jiǎzhuāng) a v. pretend e.g., 淘气的孩子假 装在睡觉。

太子就高兴地去上学了。 等 太 子 一 走, 刘 皇 后就把郭槐叫来一起想坏 主 意。 刘 皇 后 说: “10 年 前的事情一定不能让人知 道! 我 担 心 那 个 阿 珠 知 道 了 什 么, 不 能 让 她 再 活 下 去 了! 那 个 李 妃 也 早 就 该 死 了。 太 子 一 天 天 长 大, 万 一 李 妃 和 他 说 了 什 么, 我们的日子就不好过了!” 郭槐点点头,说: “那 您要我怎么办呢?” 刘皇后说: “你晚上去 李 妃 的 房 子 那 儿 放 火, 烧 死她!” 过 了 一 会 儿, 阿 珠 走 进 来 送 点 心 和 水 果。 刘 皇 后 冷 冷 地 对 她 说: “ 阿 珠, 10 年 前 的 事 情, 你 都 知 道

23

什 么?”“10 年 前? 什 么 事?我、我不知道啊……” 阿 珠 装 着 什 么 都 不 知 道, 可 是 刘 皇 后 不 相 信。 她 看 了 一 眼 郭 槐, 郭 槐 马 上 走 过来,用棍子 a 重重地打了 一 下 阿 珠 的 头, 阿 珠 就 这 么倒在地上死了! 郭槐把阿珠的尸体用 24

被 子 包 上, 从 门 外 叫 来 了

棍子(gùnzi)n. a stick, staff e.g., 他的手里拿着 一根大棍子。

侍 从 赵 忠。 郭 槐 说: “这个 侍 女 突 然 病 死 了, 你 快 去 城外把尸体埋了。” 赵忠抱着尸体离开了 刘 皇 后 的 房 间, 什 么 话 都 不 敢 说。 但 是, 他 的 心 里 非 常 难 过。 他 刚 才 就 在 屋 子 外 面, 知 道 是 刘 皇 后 和 郭 槐 杀 死 了 阿 珠。 而 且, 他还听到了刘皇后要烧死

25

李妃的事情。赵忠很害怕。 阿珠和赵忠是很好的 朋 友, 他 们 常 常 在 一 起 说 话。现在,阿珠死了,赵忠 抱着她的尸体,边走边哭, 一会儿就来到了李妃的房子 门 口。 看 门 的 人 不 在。 赵 忠 突 然 想: “ 阿 珠 死 了, 我 没有办法救 a 她。可是,李 26

妃还活着,我应该救她。要 不,阿珠就白死了!” 赵忠来到破房子的窗 前, 小 声 地 叫 李 妃 过 来。 李 妃 走 过 来 问: “ 你 是 谁? 为什么来这里?”赵忠说: “我是阿珠的朋友。阿珠刚 刚被郭槐和刘皇后打死了, 他们让我去把阿珠的尸体 埋 了。 他 们 杀 阿 珠 是 因 为 阿珠同情你,还和你说话。

救(jiù)v. save, a rescue e.g., 那个人落水了, 快救救他!

今 天 晚 上, 他 们 还 要 来 烧 死你。” 李妃听着听着就哭了。 她对赵忠说: “10 年前我生 了 个 男 孩 儿, 可 是 刘 妃 送 给真宗皇帝的却是个怪物。 一 定 是 刘 妃 害 我 的! 阿 珠 才 来 看 过 我 几 次, 就 被 他 们 杀 死 了。 他 们 真 是 太 坏 了! 今 天 晚 上, 我 就 要 死

27

了。 我 该 怎 么 办? 我 想 我 的 孩 子, 我 的 孩 子 在 哪 儿 啊……” 赵忠说: “你要想办法 活 下 去 啊。 阿 珠 不 能 就 这 样 白 白 死 了, 你 的 孩 子 还 等 着 你 去 找 回 来 呢。 你 要 为 自 己、 也 为 阿 珠 洗 清 冤 屈 a。如果你现在死了,只 28

会让刘皇后那样的坏人高 兴。现在的太子非常善良, 京城 b 里还有一位包大人, 他是一个非常正直聪明的 大臣。我帮你逃走 c 吧。等 到 太 子 当 上 皇 帝 的 时 候, 你 再 去 找 包 大 人, 他 一 定 能帮你的。” 李妃觉得赵忠说得对, 就 决 定 逃 出 去。 他 们 俩 把 阿珠的尸体从窗口抬 d 进破

冤屈(yu`nq$) a n. injustice e.g., 包大人为这个 犯人洗清了冤屈。 京城(jīngchéng)n. b capital of a country e.g., 唐朝的京城是 一座很繁华的城市。 逃走(táozǒu)v. c escape, flee e.g., 强盗来了,村 子里的人都逃走了。 抬(tái)v. d (of two or more persons) carry, move e.g., 帮我把桌子抬 起来。

爬(p1)v. crawl a e.g., 他爬到了房顶 上。

屋 子 里。 然 后, 李 妃 穿 上 阿 珠 的 衣 服, 再 把 自 己 的 衣 服 给 阿 珠 穿 上。 赵 忠 帮 李妃从窗户里爬 a 了出来。 李 妃 躺 在 被 子 里, 假 装 成 阿 珠 的 尸 体。 赵 忠 把“ 尸 体”送出了皇宫。 就这样,李妃逃走了。 这 天 晚 上, 郭 槐 放 火 烧 了 李 妃 的 破 房 子。 第 二 天, 人 们 找 到 了 一 具 尸 体 ——

29

没 人 知 道 那 是 阿 珠, 人 们 都说那个可怜的李妃被烧 死了。 这 下, 刘 皇 后 终 于 放 心了。李妃和阿珠都死了, 永远不会有人知道她干过 的坏事了。刘皇后很高兴。 赵祯被送进皇宫以后, 亲王赵德芳每天都非常担 30

心。他怕刘皇后看出赵祯是 李妃的儿子而杀死赵祯,他 更害怕刘皇后知道了 10 年 前的事情来杀自己。就在亲 王每天都担心害怕的时候 , 有人告诉他说李妃的房子着 火了,李妃被烧死了。 亲 王 一 听, 心 里 又 难 过又害怕。难过的是,赵祯 和李妃还没有相认,李妃就 死了;害怕的是,刘皇后如

果知道赵祯是李妃的孩子, 就一定会杀死赵祯。 亲王和妻子每天坐 在 房 间 里 想 办 法, 可 是 什 么 办 法 也 想 不 出 来。 他 叫 侍 从 去 皇 宫 里 找 阿 珠, 可 是侍从去了三次都没有 找 到 阿 珠。“ 难 道, 阿 珠 也……”亲王越想越害怕。 “如果阿珠也被刘皇后害死 了, 那 么 刘 皇 后 很 可 能 就 已 经 知 道 了 10 年 前 的 事 情。 这 个 坏 女 人 下 一 步 会 不 会 再 去 杀 赵 祯 呢? 赵 祯 现在住在皇宫里太不安全 了!这可怎么办啊?” 这 个 时 候, 门 外 有 人 说话了: “王爷,我是陈琳, 我从外地办事回来了。”亲 王一听是陈琳,高兴极了,

31

马 上 把 他 叫 进 来, 说 了 这 32

几 天 皇 宫 里 发 生 的 事 情。 他让陈琳想办法去看看赵 祯 安 全 不 安 全, 再 看 看 阿 珠是不是还活着…… 第 二 天 一 早, 陈 琳 就 来 到 了 皇 宫 里。 陈 琳 非 常 聪 明, 他 假 装 是 太 子 老 师 的 一 个 侍 从, 跟 着 老 师 的 车 子, 来 到 太 子 读 书 的 房 间外面。太子上课的时候,

放假(f3ngji3)v. a have days off e.g., 放假以后我要 去中国。

陈琳就和太子的侍女们说 话。 从 侍 女 那 里, 陈 琳 知 道阿珠突然“病死了”,阿 珠的尸体被侍从赵忠送出 去埋了。 聪明的陈琳没有马上 去 找 赵 忠, 而 是 在 皇 宫 外 等 着。 他 等 了 好 几 天, 终 于有一天,赵忠放假 a 了。 不用上班的赵忠从皇宫里 走出来,想去买点儿东西。 在 一 条 没 有 人 的 小 路 上, 陈琳叫住了赵忠。 陈 琳 说: “你是赵忠 吧? 我 是 阿 珠 的 哥 哥。 我 来 京 城 的 时 候, 父 母 让 我 来 看 看 阿 珠。 前 几 天, 我 去 找 她, 侍 女 们 说 她 病 死 了。 我 想 知 道 她 埋 在 了 哪 里。你知道这件事吗?”

33

34

赵 忠 一 听 吓 坏 了, 他 很怕别人知道自己放走了 李 妃。 他 转 身 就 跑。 陈 琳 “你跑得了 一把抓住 a 他说: 吗? 刘 皇 后 和 郭 槐 不 放 过 李 妃 和 阿 珠, 他 们 也 不 会 放 过 你 的!” 赵 忠 听 了 这 话, 一 时 不 知 道 该 怎 么 办 才好。

抓住(zhuāzhù) a grasp, seize hold of e.g., 警察抓住了那 个小偷。

亮(liàng)adj. a bright, enlightened e.g., 天亮我们就出 发。

陈 琳 又 说: “你不要 怕。 你 不 想 离 开 刘 皇 后 和 郭 槐 这 样 的 坏 人 吗? 我 能 帮你离开这里。”赵忠低着 头 不 说 话, 他 当 然 想 离 开 皇 宫 这 个 可 怕 的 地 方, 可 是 他 没 有 钱, 不 在 皇 宫 工 作, 还 能 去 哪 里 呢? 陈 琳 看 赵 忠 低 头 不 说 话, 就 从 衣 服 里 拿 出 一 块 金 子, 放 在 赵 忠 手 里。 陈 琳 说: “有 了 这 个, 你 就 不 用 再 回 皇 宫 去 了。 我 带 你 出 城, 你 去 买 些 土 地 好 好 生 活 吧, 再也不要回皇宫去了。”赵 忠眼睛一亮 a,点了点头。 陈琳问清了着火那天发生 的 所 有 事 情 后, 就 把 赵 忠 送 出 了 城, 并 帮 他 安 排 好 了一切。

35

晚 上, 陈 琳 回 到 亲 王 的 家。 亲 王 听 了 阿 珠 和 李 妃 的 事 情 后, 什 么 话 也 没 说。他心里又难过又高兴。 亲 王 想: “ 阿 珠 死 了, 真 是 太 可 怜 了! 好 在 李 妃 还 活 着, 赵 祯 还 安 全。 赵 忠 能 逃走也是一件好事。”亲王 对陈琳说: “太子安全就好。 36

等 他 长 大 当 了 皇 帝, 我 们 再告诉他 10 年前的事和今 天的事。”陈琳说: “我知道 了。等到那个时候刘皇后和 郭槐这些坏人就没法儿再杀 他了。”亲王点了点头。 从皇宫里逃出来的李 妃怎么样了呢?她没有钱, 也没有什么谋生 a 的办法, 成了乞丐 b,每天都在京城 的大路口乞讨 c。她一想起

谋生(móushēng) a v. make a living e.g., 这个老人靠卖 水果谋生。 乞丐(qǐgài)n. b beggar e.g., 这个小乞丐真 可怜。 乞讨([email protected]ǎo)v. c go begging e.g., 有一个老人在 路边乞讨。

自 己 的 孩 子 就 会 哭, 时 间 长 了, 她 的 眼 睛 一 点 儿 一 点儿地变坏了。几个月后, 她 什 么 都 看 不 见 了。 别 人 问 她 是 谁, 她 不 敢 说 出 自 己 是 李 妃, 就 说: “我从外 地 来, 没 有 家 人。 我 的 眼 睛 看 不 见 了。 人 家 都 叫 我 李婆婆。” 37

38

这 一 天, 她 又 在 路 边 哭 起 来: “ 我 的 孩 子, 我 的 孩子,你在哪里啊。” 一个小乞丐走到她旁 边 坐 下, 对 她 说: “你是李 婆 婆 吧? 我 听 大 家 都 这 么 叫 你。 我 叫 范 中 华。 我 没 有 爸 爸 妈 妈, 就 自 己 一 个

人。 我 想 要 个 妈 妈, 你 能 当我的妈妈吗?” 李 婆 婆 不 哭 了。 范 中 华把她的手拿起来放在自 己 的 脸 上, 说: “我来当你 的 孩 子 吧。 这 样, 我 就 有 了 妈 妈, 你 就 有 了 孩 子。” 李 婆 婆 抱 住 了 这 个 孩 子, 就像抱住自己的孩子一样。 从 那 以 后, 李 婆 婆 和 范中华就生活在了一起。

39

母子相认 日 子 过 得 真 快, 又 是 11 个 年 头 过 去 了。 真 宗 皇 帝死了。赵祯成了新皇帝, 刘 皇 后 成 了 刘 太 后。 新 皇 帝 非 常 好, 让 正 直 的 大 臣——包拯当了大法官 a。 天 下 的 好 人 都 喜 欢 他, 坏 人都怕他。 40

这 一 天, 包 大 人 从 外 地 办 完 事 回 到 京 城。 很 多 人 都 跑 到 路 边 等 着, 想 看 看 聪 明 正 直 的 包 大 人。 原 来, 刘 太 后 的 四 个 弟 弟 在 外 地 干 了 很 多 坏 事, 包 大 人 把 他 们 都 抓 了 起 来。 京 城的人们听说之后都高兴 极了。 包大人的马车过来了, 人们都欢呼 b 起来。这个时

法官(fǎguān)n. a judge, justice e.g., 我的理想是当 一个法官。 欢呼(huānhū)v. b cheer, acclaim e.g., 比赛结束之后, 球迷们欢呼起来。

候, 一 个 老 婆 婆 走 到 路 中 间 大 哭 起 来: “ 包 大 人, 你 要 救 我 啊, 我 是 20 多 年 前 皇 宫 里 的 李 妃。 我 有 大 大 的 冤 情, 你 一 定 要 救 我 啊!”人们一下子都不出声 了,全都看着这个老婆婆。 “李妃!?”包大人吃 惊 地 问: “李妃不是早就被 烧死了吗?” “包大人,我没有死! 11 年前有人想放火烧死我,

41

可 是 我 被 好 心 人 救 了。 我 要把事情全都告诉你。”这 时 候, 亲 王 赵 德 芳 走 到 包 大 人 身 边, 对 他 小 声 地 说 了 些 什 么。 包 大 人 听 了 以 后, 对 老 婆 婆 说: “你跟我 来吧,我要问你几句话。” 和李婆婆一起来的范 中 华 吓 得 说 不 出 话 来 —— 42

和自己一起乞讨了 11 年的 李婆婆成了“李妃”?这是 怎么回事啊? 包 大 人、 亲 王 和 李 婆 婆 一 起 进 了 皇 宫, 见 到 了 皇帝。皇帝听了李妃的话, 大 吃 一 惊。 他 不 相 信 这 是 真 的。 可 是, 亲 王 说: “皇 上, 这 个 老 婆 婆 说 的 都 是 真 的。 我 的 侍 从 陈 琳 会 告 诉 您,21 年 前 皇 宫 里 发 生

了 什 么。 还 有, 赵 忠 —— 他 也 知 道 11 年 前 发 生 的 事。 我 现 在 就 可 以 把 他 们 找来。” 很 快, 陈 琳 和 赵 忠 来 到了宫里。包大人让他俩说 出多年前发生的事。他们说 的 和 李 妃、 亲 王 说 的 全 都 一样。包大人最后问李妃: “11 年前赵忠救你时,你穿 的是什么衣服?”

43

“ 我 穿 了 阿 珠 的 衣 服, 那 是 一 件 宫 女 穿 的 衣 服, 我现在还留着。” “21 年 前, 真 宗 皇 帝 知道你怀孕后给了你什么, 你还记得吗?” “给了我一条手帕,上 面 有 他 写 的 字 ——‘ 送 李 妃’。刘妃也有一条一样的 44

手帕。我的手帕就在这里。” 包大人拿过手帕来看 了 看, 又 把 手 帕 拿 给 皇 帝 看。 皇 帝 赵 祯 看 了 后 说: “没错。我小时候在太后那 里 见 过 一 条 一 样 的 手 帕, 上面写着‘送刘妃’。” 大家都知道了事情的 真相 a。赵祯流着眼泪,走 到 李 妃 面 前, 一 把 抱 住 母 亲,母子二人大哭起来。亲

真相(zhēnxiàng) a n. truth, real situation e.g., 他不肯说出那 件事的真相。

疯(fēng)adj. a mad e.g., 她受了很大的 刺激,疯了。

王 和 包 大 人 也 哭 了。 亲 王 说: “太好了,太好了! 21 年了,你们母子最后还是见 面了,这太让人高兴了!” 其他人也都感动得哭了。范 中华说: “我还以为妈妈疯 a 了呢。原来,她真的是皇帝 的妈妈啊。” 包大人马上让陈琳带 侍从们去抓刘太后和郭槐。 刘 太 后 干 了 那 么 多 坏 事, 一听说李妃和包大人到皇

45

宫 里 来 了, 她 知 道 逃 不 了 了, 就 在 自 己 的 房 间 里 自 杀 a 了。郭槐想逃出皇宫, 可是没跑多远就被侍从们 找到,杀死了。 皇帝赵祯和李妃终于 母子团圆 b 了。帮助过李妃 母子的亲王赵德芳、陈琳、 赵忠都得到了奖赏 c。皇帝 46

自杀(zìshā)v. a commit suicide e.g., 这个坏人发现 逃不出去,就自杀 了。 团圆(tu1nyu1n) b v. have a reunion e.g., 中秋节是人们 团圆的日子。 奖赏(ji2ngshǎng) c v. reward, award e.g., 作为有功之臣, 他从皇帝那里得到了 3000 两金子的奖赏。

修建(xiūjiàn)v. a build, construct e.g., 明朝时期修建 的长城,被称为明 长城。 庙(miào)n. b temple e.g., 从山下向上望 去,远远地可以看见 山头上有一座小庙。

也 很 感 谢 范 中 华, 就 让 他 当 了 自 己 的 弟 弟。 为 了 纪 念 善 良 的 阿 珠, 人 们 给 阿 珠修建 a 了一座庙 b。 多 少 年 过 去 了,“ 狸

流传(liúchuán)v. c spread, hand down e.g., 中国古代有很 多神话故事流传下来。

猫换太子”的故事还在人

惩罚(ch9ngf1)v. d penalize, punish e.g., 他做了错事,应 该受到一点惩罚。

好人一定会得到帮助,做坏

们之间流传 c,它告诉人们: 事的人最后总会受到惩罚 d。 47

English Version

The Crown Prince or a Leopard Cat? Birth of the Crown Prince

48

This story took place during China’s Song Dynasty. There was an emperor called Zhenzong. At the age of 50, he still didn’t have a son. He had two young concubines surnamed Li and Liu. Emperor Zhenzong had been longing for a son so much. One year, both Li and Liu were found pregnant during the Mid-autumn Festival. Overjoyed, the emperor sent each of them a handkerchief on which was written “Dedicated to Li” and “Dedicated to Liu” respectively. Then he told the two concubines and his ministers, “Whoever gives birth to a boy first will become my empress.” Li and Liu were delighted to hear this. Li, as a kind-hearted person, was liked by many. Liu was different from her: despite her beautiful face, she had a black heart. The woman had been preoccupied with the thought of becoming the empress, so much so that she stayed in her palace all day scheming with Guo Huai, her servant. “I’m determined to become the empress!” she told Guo Huai. “I’ve never believed in God or Heaven. What I trust are power and money! After my parents passed away, my four younger

brothers and I had great difficulty filling our stomachs. God never helped me out then! Now that I’ve become the emperor’s concubine, I want to be the empress and even the empress dowager in the future!” “That won’t be easy!” Guo Huai replied. “What if Li has a boy before you do?” Liu thus made up her mind to kill Li’s baby. At that moment, a maid came in with Liu’s little leopard cat in her arms. Looking at the cat, the wicked woman hit upon a horrible idea. The evening came when Li was going to deliver her baby. A maid came to the emperor’s palace and said, “Her Highness Li is going to give birth. Please hurry to see it, Your Majesty.” Liu, who was sitting beside the emperor, said immediately, “Your Majesty, it’s very cold and dark outside. You have been working so hard the whole day and need a good rest. You’d better stay here. I can go visit Sister Li. Once the baby is born, I will bring it to you. Please rest assured. I will treat her as my younger sister.” Emperor Zhenzong was pleased to hear this. “Liu is so kind,” he thought. “She treats both me and Li so well. I’m blessed to have such a good concubine, and Li is so lucky to have a sister like her!” He felt so touched. “Alright,” he said, “you can go visit Li and her baby. We are so lucky to have you around us. You’re the most kind-hearted woman I’ve ever met. I like you so much!” Liu went away with a smile. However, there was something evil in her eyes that was neglected by everyone. As she passed by

49

Guo Huai, she gave him a wink. Her attendant soon understood what she meant.

50

In another palace, Li, who had just given birth, was asleep. By her side lay a baby boy, who was also asleep. Outside the palace, Guo Huai was having a conversation with an imperial physician. He secretly handed a pack of gold to the physician. The greedy doctor then entered the room, took the baby out and gave it to Guo. Guo Huai had a sinister smile on his face as he left with the baby. He hid the baby in a laundry basket and covered it with several pieces of dirty clothing. He called in A Zhu, a young maid. “The dirty clothes in this basket were worn by Her Highness Li when she delivered her child,” he told her. “Go and throw the basket into the river outside the palace. Remember, you can’t look into the basket or tell others what you are doing. It will bring you bad luck if you do. Will you remember what I said?” A Zhu nodded her head obediently and left with the basket. What did Liu do during this time? She asked someone to kill a leopard cat and skin it. Then she wrapped the cat’s body in a baby’s swaddling clothes and headed to the emperor’s palace. “Your Majesty, please have a look!” she told Emperor Zhenzong. “It’s Sister Li’s baby.” Hearing this, the emperor quickly walked over, as did the palace maids — everybody was eager to take a look at the newborn. As the swaddling clothes were unfolded, there appeared a horrible cat body.... Frightened, the emperor crumpled to the ground and shouted, “My Goodness! This is no baby! It’s a demon!” The servant girls all cried in fear. Imperial Concubine Li had given birth to a “demon”. This was something highly ominous for the whole nation. Emperor

Zhenzong was furious and ordered his servants to execute Li immediately. The servants and maids pleaded in tears to spare her life. Finally, the emperor agreed not to execute her. But he ordered Li to be confined to a room and never to be allowed to come out. Li was heart-broken to learn the sad news. While weeping she insisted that she had given birth to a lovely boy. Unfortunately, no one believed her, as they had all seen a cat body in Liu’s arms. Ten days later, the wicked woman gave birth to a boy. Everybody in the imperial palace was delighted. The emperor decided on that same day that the boy would be the future emperor. Thus Liu became the new empress. Prince Zhao Defang, younger brother of the emperor, also arrived that day. Like the ministers, he showed up to offer congratulations for the birth of the little prince. “Your Majesty, it’s great that you have a crown prince and our country now has a future emperor,” Zhao said to the emperor. “My wife also gave birth to a son last month. I gave him the name Zhao Zhen. I hope he and the crown prince will become good friends. Shall we let them play and read together? I think that will make both of these children happy.” The emperor was pleased to hear this. “That would be wonderful!” he said. “I hope the two kids will treat each other like brothers. Don’t hesitate to bring your child to my palace and let them play together.” Upon returning home from the palace, the prince told his wife what the emperor had said. His wife, who was sitting beside

51

a table holding a baby in her arms, began shedding tears. The baby in her arms was none other than the boy born by Imperial Concubine Li ten days previously. How did this happen? Ten days previously, A Zhu walked a long way after she exited the palace, but the river was still not in sight. The basket was so heavy that she felt tired and sat down under a big tree to have a rest. Suddenly, a cry was heard from within the basket. Terrified, A Zhu dared not look into it nor make any move. She had no idea what scary thing was inside the basket. Chen Lin, Zhao Defang’s attendant, was passing by on an errand. Hearing the cries, he stopped and asked A Zhu what had happened. 52

In tears, A Zhu told the whole story to Chen Lin. Seeing the baby in the basket, the upright and clever attendant suddenly remembered something. Just as he was passing by the main gate of the imperial palace, he heard the servants talking about the demon delivered by Concubine Li the night before.... Looking at the baby lying in the basket, Chen Lin was struck by a realization. “Is this baby the...?” he thought. “I will let the prince know immediately about this grave matter. If the boy was indeed born by Li, he is so unfortunate. The prince, who is upright and kind-hearted, should be able to come up with a solution to protect him.” Without anyone noticing, Chen led A Zhu, along with the baby, to the prince’s residence. At that time, the prince and his wife were weeping in their room. It turned out their son had contracted an illness upon birth and had died the previous night. The baby’s life lasted only 20 days. Overcome with grief, the prince buried him in his back garden but didn’t tell anyone about it.

Chen Lin led A Zhu to the prince. Upon hearing A Zhu’s story, the wise prince immediately saw the light and felt very sad. He knew clearly that Concubine Liu was a wicked woman who would do any bad deed to achieve her goal of becoming empress. Her beautiful face and smooth tongue had won her the emperor’s favor and trust. The prince thought, “Even if I send the baby back to the palace now, my brother will not believe what I say. Besides, no one will be able to protect such a little baby there.” “What should I do? If I send him back, Liu will kill him for sure. What should I do?” The prince talked to himself while pacing to and fro in his room, thinking hard for a solution. At that moment, the baby cried. The prince’s kind-hearted wife nursed the baby and then dressed him in the clothes of her own baby. The prince hit upon an idea. He asked A Zhu and Chen Lin to stay silent on the matter and decided to raise the baby in his own residence. Once the boy had grown up, he would try to find the chance to let the emperor know the truth. Thus the prince went to the palace to offer his congratulations on the birth of the crown prince as the others did. Concubine Liu thought that Li’s baby had already died. No one knew the prince’s little son was none other than the baby born by Li. Liu became the empress and her four younger brothers all assumed high posts in the court. They committed many wrongdoings but nobody dared stand out and stop them for fear of Liu’s influence. People were aware that Emperor Zhenzong would only listen to the empress and that whoever dared act against her and her brothers would be doomed.

53

Concubine Li’s Escape Ten years later, Liu’s son became ill and died. Liu wept for many days. The emperor was getting older and was unable to have another child. Who would be the future emperor? If Emperor Zhenzong had no sons, his younger brother, the prince, would become the next emperor. Liu would hate to witness that. Instead, she wanted one of her brothers’ sons to be the crown prince. But this was turned down by Emperor Zhenzong. In the end, the ten-year-old Zhao Zhen, who was the prince’s little son, was conferred the title of the crown prince. The boy then left the prince’s residence and began living in the imperial palace where he was taught reading by his tutor and looked after by the maid A Zhu. The two often played together.

54

One fine day, the crown prince saw a cute puppy. He chased it all around before finally arriving at a dilapidated house. The door was locked and the keeper was not there. Out of curiosity, the little prince walked to the window. He heard a woman weeping inside. “Lady inside, why are you crying?” Zhao Zhen asked. “Are you unhappy? Everyone in the palace feels happy. All of them are dressed in beautiful clothes and eating delicious food!” In fact, the woman inside was none other than Imperial Concubine Li who had been put into confinement ten years previously. She continued weeping and said, “I’m cold, I’m hungry. Ten years has passed but no one has come to visit me. His Majesty must have forgotten me! I miss my child so much....” The kind-hearted little prince took out some desserts from his pocket and spoke through the window, “Give me your hand. I

have some food for you. I will talk to you. Don’t cry anymore.” Li came to the window, chatted with the boy and ate the desserts. From that day on, the crown prince went to the dilapidated house every day to visit the woman. Having been well aware of their relationship, A Zhu felt both happy and sad seeing mother and son chat with each other in a light-hearted manner. She said to Li, “Your Highness, please stay strong. Many people know very well you’re a kind person. The problem is that they dare not stand up to help you. Take care and you will surely meet with your child again.” Li was touched by this and nodded her head while watching A Zhu’s face. A Zhu dared not tell the crown prince that the poor woman was his real mother. Li felt much better from the day she met Zhao Zhen. The two talked a lot with each other and Li liked the boy very much. She thought, “If my child was still alive, he would be around the same age as the little prince. I miss my son so much! I live only to see him again some day.” One day during lunchtime, the empress saw the crown prince put a lot of fruits and desserts into his pocket. She asked him what he was doing. The little prince answered, “I’m bringing these to Li who is living in a dilapidated house. Her baby went missing at birth and people said she gave birth to a demon. She was then confined and only receives a little food and water each day. There have been no maids taking care of her and so I feel much pity for her.” The empress was fearful to hear this. She asked the little prince if there was anyone else who had talked to Li. The boy replied that A Zhu also talked to Li and the maid even cried after their conversation.

55

The empress felt even more fearful because she worried that her evil deed ten years previously might be revealed. Pretending to be touched, she said to the crown prince, “I’m sympathetic to her too! You can go to class now as the teacher is waiting for you. I will ask A Zhu to send the food to Li in a short while, is that fine?” Hearing this, the little prince joyfully went to class. Soon after the boy left, Liu called in Guo Huai to discuss a solution. “Never let others know what happened ten years ago,” Liu said. “I’m worried that the maid A Zhu might know something. She shouldn’t be alive any longer. As for Li, we should have ended her life much earlier! The crown prince is growing up day by day and we will be doomed if Li says something to him.”

56

Guo Huai nodded his head and said, “So what can I do for you, Your Highness?” Liu replied, “Set fire to Li’s house at night and burn her to death!” After a while, A Zhu came in to send some desserts and fruits. The empress asked in a cold tone, “A Zhu, how much do you know about what happened ten years ago?” “Ten years ago? What happened? I, I don’t know anything....” A Zhu pretended to be in a daze. But the empress didn’t believe her. She gave Guo Huai a wink, the latter quickly walked over and hit the maid on the head using a heavy stick. A Zhu tumbled to the ground and died! Guo wrapped the body in a quilt and called in a servant named Zhao Zhong. Guo Huai said to him, “This maid died of a sudden illness. Bury her outside the city!”

Zhao picked up A Zhu’s body and left the empress’s room. He dared not say anything, but felt very sad because he had been standing outside the room and it was clear that it was the empress and Guo who had killed the girl. Moreover, he overheard Liu’s plan to burn Concubine Li. Zhao Zhong was terrified. A Zhu and Zhao Zhong were very good friends. They often chatted with each other. Now A Zhu had died and Zhao was weeping while carrying the body of his good friend. Soon he reached Li’s house which wasn’t guarded by anyone. An idea flashed across his mind: “A Zhu has already died and I could do nothing to save her. But Her Highness Li is still alive. I should try to rescue her, or else A Zhu will have sacrificed her life for nothing!” Coming to the window of the dilapidated house, Zhao Zhong spoke to Li in a low voice and asked her to come over. Li walked to the window and asked, “Who are you? Why are you here?” Zhao answered, “I’m A Zhu’s friend. She was beaten to death just now by Guo Huai and the empress. Now they’ve ordered me to bury the body. They killed A Zhu because she had been compassionate to you and always talked with you. What’s worse, they are going to burn your house tonight!” Li began shedding tears as she listened to Zhao Zhong. She said to him, “Ten years ago I gave birth to a boy, but what Liu presented to the emperor was a freak. It must be Liu who tried to frame me! A Zhu visited me only a few times but was brutally killed. How wicked they are! My life will be ended this evening. What should I do now? I miss my child! Where is he...?” Zhao Zhong said to her, “You should find a way to live on, Your Highness. A Zhu can’t die in vain, and you need to find

57

your child. You should try to undo the injustice you and A Zhu have suffered. Your death will only make Liu and her gang glad and relieved. The crown prince is a kind-hearted boy, and in the capital there is an official surnamed Bao who is wise and upright. I will help you escape from here. When the crown prince succeeds to the throne, you can turn to Minister Bao and I’m sure he will help you out.” Li agreed with Zhao Zhong and made up her mind to flee. They carried the body into the room. Li switched clothes with A Zhu. Then Zhao Zhong helped her crawl out of the window. Li lay in the quilt, posing as the body of A Zhu. Zhao Zhong sent the “corpse” out of the palace.

58

In this way, Li managed to escape. That night, Guo Huai burnt the dilapidated house to the ground. A dead body was found the next day. No one knew it was A Zhu. People all said poor Concubine Li was burnt to death. The empress thus felt much relieved as both Li and A Zhu had “died” and there wouldn’t be anyone who knew about her bad deeds. She was overjoyed. Ever since Zhao Zhen had been sent to the palace, Prince Zhao Defang was on pins and needles. He worried that the empress might kill the boy if she discovered he was Li’s son and feared that she would end his own life if she found out what he had done a decade before. With the prince troubled by worry and fear each and every day, someone came to inform him that Li’s house had caught fire and that she was dead. Upon hearing the message, the prince was seized by sadness and fear. He was sad because Li had passed away before the mother and her son could recognize each other; he feared that

the empress would kill Zhao Zhen for sure once she discovered he was Li’s son. Day in and day out, the prince and his wife sat in their room racking their brains for a solution, but to no avail. The prince then ordered his servant to go to the palace and look for A Zhu. Unfortunately, the servant went three times but failed to find the maid. “Is A Zhu also...?” The prince’s fear grew. “If A Zhu was killed by Liu too, it’s highly likely that the empress knows what happened one decade ago. Will this wicked woman move on to kill Zhao Zhen? It’s so dangerous for him to live in the palace now! What should I do?” At this juncture, someone greeted the prince from outside, “Your Highness, I’m Chen Lin. I’ve completed my errand and returned.” The prince was delighted to hear Chen Lin’s voice. He called him in at once and told him what had occurred in the imperial palace over the past few days. He asked Chen Lin to think of a way to see whether the crown prince was safe and whether A Zhu was still alive or not.... Chen went to the palace early the next morning. Pretending to be a servant of the crown prince’s tutor, the clever Chen Lin followed the tutor’s carriage and arrived outside the room where Zhao Zhen studied. As the crown prince was having his class, Chen Lin talked to his maids. He learned from the girls that A Zhu had “contracted a sudden illness and died” and her body was taken out and buried by the servant Zhao Zhong. Chen Lin didn’t go to look for Zhao right away. Instead, he waited outside the palace. After quite a few days, Zhao Zhong had a day off. He left the palace to buy some stuff. Chen Lin stopped him on a quiet path.

59

“Are you Zhao Zhong?” Chen Lin said. “I’m A Zhu’s brother. As I set off for the capital, my parents asked me to pay her a visit. Several days ago, I went to find her but was told by the palace maids that my younger sister had died of an illness. I’m eager to know where she is buried. Do you know anything about that?” Zhao Zhong was terrified to hear what Chen Lin said as he worried that others would know he had set Concubine Li free. So he turned around and began to run. Chen Lin seized him and said, “Do you think you can escape? Since the empress and Guo Huai didn’t spare the lives of Concubine Li and A Zhu, do you think they will let you off?” Zhao Zhong had no idea what he should do.

60

Chen Lin added, “But don’t be afraid. Don’t you want to stay away from evil people like the empress and Guo Huai? I can help you escape.” Zhao Zhong lowered his head, speechless. There’s no doubt he wanted to flee the horrible palace; however, where could he go after losing his job? Seeing him lower his head without saying anything, Chen Lin took out a gold piece from his clothes and put it in Zhao’s hand. “With this, you’ll never need to return to the palace,” he told Zhao Zhong. “I will lead you out of the city and you can buy some land to start a new life. Don’t go back to the palace anymore.” Zhao Zhong seemed to be enlightened and nodded his head. After making clear all the things that happened on the night the fire broke out, Chen Lin sent Zhao Zhong out of the city and arranged everything for him to make a new living. Chen Lin returned to the prince’s residence that evening. The prince learned what had happened to A Zhu and Concubine Li, but didn’t give any comment. Filled with a mixed feeling of sadness and delight, the prince thought: “A Zhu is dead, what a miserable girl! Fortunately, Li is still alive and the little prince is

safe now. And it’s good that Zhao Zhong has fled.” He then told Chen Lin, “It’s fine since the crown prince is safe for now. After he grows up and becomes the emperor, we will let him know the things that happened one decade ago and what’s gone on today.” Chen Lin replied, “I get it. By that time, the empress and Guo Huai will not be able to kill him.” The prince nodded his head. What happened to Li after she escaped from the palace? She didn’t have a penny, nor could she make a living by herself. Every day she had to beg for food at the capital’s major road crossings. She wept each time she remembered her child. As time went by, her eyesight became worse and worse. After several months, she couldn’t see anything. When asked by someone who she was, Li dared not tell them she was an imperial concubine, but answered, “I come from far away and don’t have any family. My eyes can no longer see. People just call me Granny Li.” One day, Li was weeping on the roadside, “My child, my dear, where are you now?” A child beggar walked to her and sat down. The child said, “Are you Granny Li? I heard the others call you this. My name is Fan Zhonghua. I don’t have a dad or mom and live alone. I want someone to be my mother. Are you willing to become my mom?” Li stopped her tears. Fan Zhonghua took up Li’s hand and put it on his face, saying, “Let me be your child. In this way, I will have a mother and you can have a son.” Li held the boy in her arms, as if she was hugging her own child. From then on, the two lived together.

61

Reunion Time flew by. Eleven years passed. Emperor Zhenzong passed away. Zhao Zhen ascended the throne and Liu became the empress dowager. The new emperor made a wise decision by appointing the upright official Bao Zheng as the chief judge. People in the country liked and supported the minister, whereas evildoers always stood in awe of him.

62

One day, when Minister Bao was about to return to the capital after an official trip, many people rushed to the street, waiting for his arrival — they were there to catch a glimpse of the wise and upright minister. It turned out the empress dowager’s four younger brothers had committed a lot of crimes in other places in the country and Bao had brought all of them to justice. Upon learning the exciting news, people in the capital became overjoyed. The crowd cheered as Minister Bao’s carriage approached. At that moment, an old woman walked into the middle of the road and cried out, “Minister Bao, please save me! I’m Imperial Concubine Li who lived in the palace more than 20 years ago. I was grievously wronged and I need your help!” The spectators fell into silence while fixing their eyes on the old granny. “Imperial Concubine Li?” the minister asked in astonishment. “Wasn’t she burned to death long ago?” “Minister, I didn’t die. Someone intended to set a fire and burn me to death 11 years ago, but thankfully I was saved by a kind-hearted person. I want to tell you all the things that have happened.” Prince Zhao Defang came to Bao Zheng and whispered something to him. Hearing this, Minister Bao said to the old woman, “Come with me. I have something to ask you.”

Fan Zhonghua, who came along with Li, was stunned speechless. How did Granny Li, who had been living a beggar’s life with him, suddenly turn into “Imperial Concubine Li”? What on earth? Minister Bao, the prince and Granny Li entered the imperial palace together and met with the emperor. After hearing what Li said, the emperor was shocked and couldn’t believe that it was true. But the old prince told him, “The granny is telling the truth, Your Majesty. My servant Chen Lin will tell you the things that occurred in the palace 21 years ago. There is also another servant named Zhao Zhong who knows exactly what took place 11 years ago. I can summon them right away.” Soon Chen Lin and Zhao Zhong came to the imperial palace. Minister Bao asked them to state the things that had happened years ago. Their statements corresponded with those of Li and the prince. At last, Minister Bao asked Li, “What did you wear when you were saved by Zhao Zhong 11 years ago?” “I wore A Zhu’s clothes, which were the clothes of palace maids. I still have them.” “Can you recall what the late emperor gave you after learning you became pregnant 21 years ago?” “The emperor sent me a handkerchief with his handwriting on it. It said ‘Dedicated to Li’. Concubine Liu also received a similar handkerchief. I brought mine with me.” Minister Bao took the handkerchief and looked at it. Then he presented the handkerchief to the emperor, who examined it and said, “That’s right. When I was a child, I saw a handkerchief like this at the empress dowager’s palace on which was written

63

‘Dedicated to Liu’.” The truth had been revealed. The young emperor walked to Li with tears in his eyes. He hugged his mother and the two began weeping in each other’s arms. The old prince and Minister Bao also shed tears. The prince said, “This is great, great! Twentyone years has passed and you finally meet each other. How encouraging this is!” The others at the scene were all moved to tears. Fan Zhonghua said, “I thought mom must be crazy to say she was an imperial concubine. But the fact is she is the real mother of the emperor.”

64

Minister Bao immediately ordered Chen Lin to lead the imperial guards to arrest the empress dowager and Guo Huai. Having committed so many wrongdoings, Liu was well aware that she wouldn’t be able to escape. As she learned Li and Minister Bao were heading to the palace, she killed herself in her chamber. Guo Huai fled the palace, but was found and killed by the dispatched servants before long. The young emperor was finally reunited with his mother. The old prince Zhao Defang, Chen Lin and Zhao Zhong, who had offered their help, were all rewarded. Feeling grateful to Fan Zhonghua, the emperor took him as his younger brother. A temple was then built in commemoration of A Zhu, the kindhearted maid. Many years has passed, yet the story of “the Crown Prince or a Leopard Cat” is still told among the people. It speaks of the truth that good men will get help and those with an evil heart will receive punishment sooner or later.

练习题 一、选择题。 Choose the correct answer according to the story. 1. 狸猫换太子的故事发生在什么时候?(    )

A. 宋朝

B. 明朝

C. 唐朝

D. 清朝

2. 在这个故事里谁是坏女人?(    )

A. 阿珠

B. 李妃

C. 刘妃

D. 亲王妻子

3. 谁让人杀死了一只狸猫,把狸猫尸体当成了李妃生的孩 子?(    )

A. 大夫

B. 刘妃

C. 李妃

D. 阿珠

4. 谁把装有小婴儿的篮子交给阿珠,让她扔到河里去?(    )

A. 赵忠

B. 皇帝

C. 郭槐

D. 陈琳

C. 刘妃

D. 亲王

5. 陈琳是谁的侍从?(    )

A. 李妃

B. 皇帝

6. 陈琳把阿珠和小婴儿一起悄悄带到了哪里?(    )

A. 自己家

B. 皇宫

C. 亲王家 D. 李妃宫里

7. 刘妃为什么想害死李妃的儿子?(    )

A. 她想让自己的儿子以后当皇帝 B. 她不喜欢李妃

65

C. 她自己想当皇帝 D. 她不喜欢小孩儿 8. 刘妃让谁打死了阿珠?(    )

A. 赵忠

B. 皇帝

C. 陈琳

D. 郭槐

C. 刘妃

D. 李妃

9. 赵祯的妈妈是谁?(    )

A. 亲王妻子 B 阿珠

10. 小赵祯为什么要离开亲王家,到皇宫生活?(    )

A. 亲王不想要赵祯了

B. 真宗皇帝喜欢赵祯

C. 刘妃生的儿子死了

D. 真宗皇帝想要更多孩子

11. 赵忠是阿珠的什么人?(    ) 66

A. 哥哥

B. 朋友

C. 父亲

D. 老师

12. 小赵祯从几岁开始到皇宫生活的?(    )

A. 1 岁

B. 3 岁

C. 10 岁

D. 21 岁

13. 10 岁的小赵祯在皇宫生活的时候,谁每天和他一起玩 儿、一起去上学?(    )

A. 赵忠

B. 刘妃

C. 陈琳

D. 阿珠

14. 刘妃的儿子死后,她希望谁来当真宗皇帝的儿子?(    )

A. 刘妃弟弟的儿子

B. 亲王的儿子

C. 大臣的儿子

D. 李妃的儿子

15. 谁帮助李妃逃出了皇宫?(    )

A. 赵忠

B. 阿珠

C. 赵祯

D. 陈琳

16. 谁放火烧了李妃住的破房子?(    )

A. 阿珠

B. 赵忠

C. 郭槐

D. 陈琳

17. 范中华和李婆婆在一起过了多少年要饭的苦日子?(    )

A. 10 年

B. 1 年

C. 11 年

D.21 年

18. 帮助李妃洗清冤屈的大臣是谁?(    )

A. 赵桢

B. 陈琳

C. 包拯

D. 赵德芳

19. 李妃离开皇宫多少年后又回到了皇宫?(    )

A. 21 年

B. 11 年

C. 10 年

D. 3 年

67

20. 李妃要饭的时候,谁和她在一起?(    )

A. 阿珠

B. 范中华 C. 陈琳

D. 赵忠

二、判断题:请根据故事内容判断下列说法是否正 确,如果正确请标“T”,不正确请标“F”。  Decide whether the following statements are true (T) or false (F). 1. 宋朝的时候,一个真宗皇帝 50 岁了还没有儿子 , 他很着急。 

(    )

2. 中 秋节的时候,真宗皇帝对李妃和刘妃说,谁先生下儿 子,谁就是新皇后。

(    )

3. 真宗皇帝给了刘妃一条手绢,没有给李妃。

(    )

4. 刘妃让郭槐帮她干了很多坏事。 

(    )

5. 李妃生孩子的时候,刘妃很开心。 

(    )

6. 郭槐亲手杀死了一只狸猫。 

(    )

7. 李妃为真宗皇帝生了一个女儿。 

(    )

8. 刘妃长得好看,会说好听的话,她的心也非常好。(    ) 9. 刘妃让郭槐去烧了李妃住的破房子。 

(    )

10. 赵祯在破房子外和李妃说话的时候 , 知道了里面住的是自 己的母亲。 (    )

68

三、 选 择 填 空。 Choose the appropriate words to fill in the parentheses. 1. 刘妃对郭槐说: “我(    )要当上皇后!我(    )不 相信什么上天呢!我(    )相信权力和金钱。我的父母 死后,我(    )四个弟弟每天都没有饭吃,那个(    ) 上天也没有帮过我。我现在是妃子,(    )我还要当上皇 后、皇太后!”

A. 和

B. 只

E. 时候

F. 一定

C. 以后

D. 才

2. 陈 琳 想: “(    ) 这 个 男 婴 真 的 是 李 妃 生 的, 那 他 (    )太不幸了。亲王是个正直、善良的人, (    )能 想办法保护他。”(    ),陈琳带着阿珠去见亲王。聪明的 亲王听了阿珠的话,一下子就明白了。他心里很(    )。

A. 也

B. 应该

C. 如果

D. 于是

E. 难过

四、连线题。 Match. 1. 根据故事内容为下列词语选择合适的搭配。

A. 好男人

a. 刘妃

B. 好女人

b. 亲王的妻子

C. 坏女人

c. 包大人

2. 根据故事内容为下列人物选择各自对应的关系。

A. 赵祯

a. 真宗皇帝的弟弟

B. 赵德芳

b. 阿珠的朋友

C. 陈琳

c. 亲王的侍从

D. 赵忠

d. 李妃的儿子

69

3. 为下列人物和事件选择各自对应的关系。

A. 赵忠

a. 和陈琳、亲王一起救了李妃的儿子

B. 郭槐

b. 杀死了阿珠

C. 亲王和妻子 c. 收养了李妃的婴儿 D. 阿珠

d. 帮助李妃逃出皇宫

五、请根据故事内容给下列句子排列顺序。  Put the following statements in order according to the story. A. 真宗皇帝一听,急忙走过来看。 70

B. 刘 妃 一 进 真 宗 皇 帝 的 房 间 就 说: “ 皇 上, 您 快 来 看 看,这是李妃妹妹给您生的孩子。” C. 小 被子被打开了,真宗皇帝吓得坐到了地上,侍女 们也都吓哭了。 D. 侍女们也都过来了,大家都想看李妃生的孩子。

正确的顺序 :_________________

六、思考题。Answer the following questions according to the story. 请你说说刘妃都做过哪些坏事,再说说你对她的看法。

71

课后练习题答案 Keys to the exercises

一、选择题 1. A 6. A 11. C 16. A

2. C 7. D 12. D 17. B

3. C 8. D 13. A 18. C

4. D 9. C 14. A 19. B

5. C 10. B 15. C 20. B

二、判断题 :请根据故事内容判断下列说法是否正确, 如果正确请标“T”,不正确请标“F” 1. T 2. T 3. F 4. T 5. F 6. F 7. F 8. F 9. T 10. F 72

三、选择填空 1. F D 2. C A

B B

A D

E E

C

四、连线题 1. A-c, B-b, C-a 2. A-d, B-a, C-c, D-b 3. A-d, B-b, C-c, D-a 五、请根据故事内容给下列句子排列顺序 B-A-C-D 六、思考题 (答案略)

词汇表

Vocabulary List 剥 不幸 藏

v.

bāo

adj. búxìng v. cáng

peel unfortunate hide

惩罚

v.

ch9ngf1

penalize, punish

大臣

n.

dàchén

minister, court official

放假

v.

f3ngji3

have days off

法官

n.

fǎguān

judge, justice

妃子 疯 宫殿 棍子 好奇 怀孕

n. fēizi adj. fēng n. gōngdiàn n.

gùnzi

adj. hàoqí v. huáiyùn

imperial concubine mad imperial palace stick, staff curious be pregnant

欢呼

v.

huānhū

cheer, acclaim

皇帝

n.

huángdì

emperor

皇后

n.

hu1ngh7u

empress, queen

皇太后

n.

huángtàihòu

empress dowager

假装

v.

jiǎzhuāng

pretend

奖赏

v.

ji2ngshǎng

reward, award

吉利 京城 金子 救 块 篮子 亮 狸猫

adj. jílì n. jīngchéng n.

jīnzi

auspicious capital of a country gold

v. jiù m.w. kuài n. lánzi

save, rescue

adj. liàng n. límāo

bright, enlightened

piece basket leopard cat

v.

liúchuán

spread, hand down



v.

m1i

bury



n.

miào

temple

流传

谋生 您 爬

v. móushēng pron. n!n v. p1

make a living a polite form of you crawl

73



v.

péi

accompany



n.



skin, shell

破 乞讨

dilapidated go begging

乞丐

n.

qǐgài

beggar

亲王

n.

qīnwáng

imperial prince

权力

n.

quánlì

power

尸体

n.

[email protected]

corpse, dead body

侍从

n.

shìcóng

servant, attendant

手帕

n.

shǒupà

handkerchief

宋朝

n.

Sòngcháo

Song Dynasty (960-1279)



v.

suǒ

lock up



v.

tái

(of two or more persons) carry, move



v.

tǎng

lie

贪心 逃走

74

adj. pò v. [email protected]ǎo

adj. tānxīn v. táozǒu

greedy escape, flee

团圆

v.

tu1nyu1n

have a reunion

未来

n.

wèilái

future



v.

xià

frighten

修建

v.

xiūjiàn

build, construct

妖怪

n.

y`ogu3i

demon

婴儿

n.

y~ng’9r

baby, infant

议论

v.

yìlùn

discuss, talk about

医生

n.

yīsh8ng

doctor, physician

冤屈

n.

yu`nq$

injustice

脏 照顾 真相 正直 中秋节

adj. zāng v. zhàogù n.

zhēnxiàng

adj. zh-ngzh! n. Zhōngqiū Jié

抓住

dirty look after truth, real situation honest, upright Mid-autumn Festival

zhuāzhù

grasp, seize hold of

祝贺

v.

zhùhè

congratulate

主意

n.

zhǔyi

idea

自杀

v.

zìshā

commit suicide

zìyán=zìyǔ

talk to oneself

自言自语

项目策划 :韩  颖  刘小琳 责任编辑 :韩  颖 英文编辑 :吴爱俊 英文审定 :黄长奇  James Hutchison 插图绘制 :赵倩倩 封面设计 :     图书在版编目(CIP)数据 狸猫换太子 : 汉、英 / 侯琨改编 . -- 北京 : 华语 教学出版社 , 2017.12 (“彩虹桥”汉语分级读物 . 3 级 : 750 词) ISBN 978-7-5138-1466-9 Ⅰ . ①狸… Ⅱ . ①侯… Ⅲ . ①汉语-对外汉语教学- 语言读物 Ⅳ . ① H195.5 中国版本图书馆 CIP 数据核字 (2017) 第 275348 号

狸猫换太子 侯 琨 改编 薛彧威 翻译 * © 华语教学出版社有限责任公司 华语教学出版社有限责任公司出版 (中国北京百万庄大街24号 邮政编码 100037) 电话:(86)10-68320585 68997826 传真:(86)10-68997826 68326333 网址:www.sinolingua.com.cn 电子信箱:[email protected] 北京京华虎彩印刷有限公司印刷 2018年(32开)第1版 2018年第1版第1次印刷 (汉英) ISBN 978-7-5138-1466-9 定价:19.00元