The Book of Political Lists 0375750118, 9780375750113

Sassy, savvy, and seditious: an entertaining new reference guide to the facts and foibles of American political history-

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The Book of Political Lists
 0375750118, 9780375750113

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THE BOOK OF

POLITIC lb* It

ial Hair

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iRESS •

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Who Ran

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£Fill-iins

for President

• PEOPLE ON DOLLAR BILLS

Highest-Paid Governors

residential Insults

filiations and Attempts

for cJoliUcians or

C O M P



ffirsi

• Presidential Illnesses

African Americans

ode names



Coheir (t/amilies

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Presidents

Who

And TTlUCh

Fished

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Odd

CD; C3i

4=*i

cd! cj-iJ

en CO

973.0992 Es4b Eskin, Blake* The book of political lists

ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY FORT WAYNE, INDIANA 46802

You may return

this

book

to

or bookmobile of the Allen

/

any agency, branch,

County Public Library

DMCO

/

FROM THE EDITORS OF

Honrn

MAGAZINE compiled by

Blake Eskin

W Villard

New York

Copyright All rights reserved

©

1998 by

Random Ventures,

Inc.

under International and Pan-American Copyright

Conventions. Published in the United States by Villard Books, a

Random House, Inc., New York, and simultaneously in Canada by Random House of Canada Limited, Toronto.

division of

Villard Books

is

a registered trademark of Random House, Inc.

Grateful acknowledgment

made

is

to the following for permission to

reprint previously published material:

harcourt brace & company: Excerpts from Required Reading: A Decade of Political Wit and Wisdom by Eugene J. McCarthy. Copyright © 1988 by Eugene McCarthy. Reprinted by permission of Harcourt Brace HarperCollins publishers, President's

Copyright

©

& Company. inc.:

Recipes and

Cookbook by Poppy Cannon and

menus from The Patricia Brooks.

1968 by Poppy Cannon and Patricia Brooks. Reprinted

by permission of HarperCollins Publishers,

Inc.

warner BROS, publications u.s. inc.: Excerpt from "I'm Just Wild About Harry" by Noble Sissle and Eubie Blake. Copyright © 1921 (renewed) by Warner Bros. Inc. All rights reserved. Reprinted by permission of Warner Bros. Publications U.S. Inc., Miami, FL 33014. Williamson music: Excerpts from

"I

Like Ike" by Irving Berlin.

© 1950, 1952 by Irving Berlin. Copyright renewed. Excerpts from "Better Times with Al" by Irving Berlin. Copyright © 1928 by

Copyright

Irving Berlin. Copyright renewed. International copyright secured. All rights reserved. Reprinted

by permission of Williamson Music.

Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Eskin, Blake.

The book of political

from the editors of George magazine: compiled by Blake Eskin. lists

/

p.

cm.

Includes bibliographical references.

ISBN 1.

Presidents

Politics

0-375-7501 1-8 (acid-free paper)

—United States—Miscellanea. United States —Miscellanea. George (New York, N.Y.) 2.

and government

I.

II.

Title.

E176.1.E69 973'.09'9—dc21

1997

97-26480

Random House website address: www.randomhouse.com Printed in the United States of America

on

acid-free paper

24689753 First Edition

Allen County Public Library

900 Webster Street PO Box 2270 Fort Wayne, IN 46801-2270

^

m t Design by Robert BuU Design ,

CONTENTS

Introduction by

John

F.

Kennedy,

Jr.

vii

Presidential Lists

3

Family Lists

51

First

Vice Presidents and Cabinet Members Lists

77

Presidential Polls

99

Congressional Lists

111

Current Congressional Lists

1

63

1

83

Supreme Court Lists Campaign Lists

227

Third-Party Lists

State

and Local

193

Lists

The Good, the Bad, and the Impeachable Pop Politics:

241

255

from Popular Culture

285

Strange Bedfellows: Historical and Miscellaneous Lists

341

Lists

Sources

380

Acknowledgments

391

INTRODUCTION by John

F.

Kennedy,

Jr.

have long been at the heart of both the best and the worst of American politics. Thomas Jefferson made sure to include a list of the "long train of abuses and usurpations" by King George III in the Declaration of Independence as a justification for casting off British rule. In his Emancipation Proclamation, Abraham Lincoln included a list of the states rebelling against the Union and then freed the slaves in those states. In a February 1950 speech in Wheeling, West Virginia, Senator Joseph McCarthy waved what he claimed was a list of 205 known Communists employed by the State Department; that list, which never materialized, sparked a witch-hunt in Washington and around the country. And old-line liberals consider it a badge of honor to have been included on President Nixon's "enemies Lists

list."

At George

weVe

always believed in the

too important to be

left

maxim

that politics

to politicians. Accordingly, this

is

book of

and local governments as well as the lively intersection of politics and popular culture. Whether you're reading about Thomas Jefferson's canons for good living, political lists covers federal

Bill

Maher's proposed order of presidential succession, or Harry

Truman's campaigning mottos, we'll tell you everything you need to know and a few things you thought you didn't, but we'll

up to you. Some of the lists in this book will surprise you and others may amuse, and hopefully each will offer something interesting and provocative about American politics and its fascinating cast of characters. Who knows, they may even inspire you to do something wonderful and get on a

leave the judgments

list

of your own.

JL

VOBODY

RECEIVES MORE SCRUTINY

than a president. Even after he

is

long

dead, people are interested not just in his

how much he weighed, what he ate for breakfast, how policies but also in

went to the dentist as a child, and what his last words were. Harry Truoften he

man didn't think that he deserved so much attention. "All the president is," Truman tions

said, "is

a glorified public rela-

man who spends his time flattering,

and kicking people to get them to do what they are supposed to do anyway." kissing,



THE BOOK OF POLITICAL LISTS

George Washington

Federalist-VA, 1789-1797

Adams Thomas Jefferson

Federalist-MA, 1797-1801

James Madison James Monroe

D-VA, 1809-1817

John

John Quincy

Adams

D-VA, 1801-1809 D-VA, 1817-1825

D-MA, 1825-1829

Andrew Jackson Martin Van Buren

D-TN, 1829-1837 D-NY, 1837-1841

William Henry Harrison

Whig-OH, 1841

John Tyler

Whig-VA, 1841-1845 D-TN, 1845-1849 Whig-KY, 1849-1850 Whig-NY, 1850-1853 D-NH, 1853-1857 D-PA, 1857-1861 R-IL, 1861-1865 R-TN, 1865-1869 R-OH, 1869-1877 R-OH, 1877-1881

James Knox Polk Zachary Taylor Millard Fillmore

Franklin Pierce

James Buchanan Abraham Lincoln Andrew Johnson Ulysses Simpson Grant Rutherford Birch a rd Hayes James Abram Garfield Chester Alan Arthur

Grover Cleveland

Benjamin Harrison Grover Cleveland William McKinley

Theodore Roosevelt William Howard Taft

Wood row Wilson Warren Gamaliel Harding Calvin Coolidge

Herbert Hoover Franklin Delano Roosevelt

Harry

S Truman

Dwight David Eisenhower John Fitzgerald Kennedy

R-OH, 1881 R-NY, 1881-1885 D-NY, 1885-1889 R-IN, 1889-1893

D-NY, 1893-1897 R-OH, 1897-1901 R-NY, 1901-1909 R-OH, 1909-1913 D-NJ, 1913-1921 R-OH, 1921-1923 R-MA, 1923-1929 R-CA, 1929-1933 D-NY, 1933-1945 D-MO, 1945-1953 R-KS, 1953-1961 D-MA, 1961-1963

PRESIDENTIAL LISTS D-TX, 1963-1969 RCA, 1 969-1 974 R-MI, 1974-1977 D-GA, 1977-1981 RCA, 1981-1989 R-TX, 1 989-1 993 D-AR, 1993-

Lyndon Baines Johnson Richard Milhous Nixon Gerald Rudolph Ford

James

Earl Carter

Ronald Wilson Reagan George Herbert Walker Bush William Jefferson Clinton

FERTILE GROUND: Have Given Birth to More Than One President

States That

Most presidents were born on the eastern seaboard. In fact, Herbert Hoover, who was born in West Branch, Iowa, was the first to

be born west of the Mississippi River.

George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, James Monroe, William Henry Harrison, John Tyler, Zachary Taylor, Woodrow Wilson 8

Virginia

Ohio 7 Ulysses Grant, Rutherford Hayes, James Garfield, Benjamin Harrison, William McKinley, William Howard Taft, Warren Harding 4

Massachusetts

John Adams, John Quincy Adams, John

Kennedy, George Bush

New York 4 Martin Van Buren,

Millard Fillmore, Theodore

Roosevelt, Franklin Roosevelt

North Carolina

Texas

James

Polk,

Andrew Johnson

Dwight Eisenhower, Lyndon Johnson

2

Vermont

2

2

Chester Arthur, Calvin Coolidge

Andrew Jackson was born on the border between North Carolina and South Carolina. Many sources list Waxhaw, South I Carolina, as tive

son.

his birthplace, but both states claim

Still

others have claimed that

him as

their na-

Andrew Jackson was

born at sea during his parents' journey to America from Ireland.

6

•THE BOOK OF POLITICAL

LISTS

BORN TO LEAD: Presidents Who Were Firstborn Males and other social scientists have tried to prove a connection between personality traits and birth order. An unusually large number of presidents were the first born Psychologists

in their families.

George Washington

Adams Thomas Jefferson John

James Madison James Monroe John Quincy

Adams

James Polk Millard Fillmore

James Buchanan '^ Abraham Lincoln Ulysses Grant

Chester Arthur

Theodore Roosevelt Woodrow Wilson Warren Harding Calvin Coolidge Franklin Roosevelt

Harry Truman

Lyndon Johnson Gerald Ford

Jimmy Carter Bill

Clinton

William

Howard

Taft,

Richard Nixon, and John Kennedy became

the oldest boys in their families after a brother died.

I

PRESIDENTIAL LISTS

7



FROM THE SAME TREE:

FRUIT

Presidents Known to Be Related to Other Presidents Four pairs ofpresidents shared the same last name, including John Adams and his son John Quincy Adams, William Henry Harrison and his grandson

Benjamin Harrison, and Theodore Roosevelt and his

fifth

cousin Franklin Roosevelt. Gary Boyd Roberts and other genealogists

who have

traced presidential lineages back a dozen

generations have found that

and more

many other presidents share common

ancestors in colonial America

and England.

Franklin Roosevelt

16 other presidents

George Bush William Howard

15

Calvin Coolidge

14

James Garfield Warren Harding

Gerald Ford

14

John

Millard Fillmore

11

William Henry Harrison

Richard Nixon

10

Theodore Roosevelt

Grover Cleveland

9

Herbert Hoover

9

Benjamin Harrison John Quincy Adams Rutherford Hayes

8

7

Jimmy Carter George Washington James Madison* Martin Van Buren

Ulysses Grant Franklin Pierce *

Taft

14

5

5

Adams

4 4 4 4 3

2 2 2

6

John Tyler Zachary Taylor*

5

Abraham

2

7

2

Lincoln

James Madison and Zachary Taylor were second cousins.

PRESIDENTS NOT KNOWN TO BE RELATED TO OTHER PRESIDENTS Lyndon and Andrew Johnson may have shared

the

same

name, but that doesn't mean they were even remotely

last

related.

Thomas Jefferson James Monroe Andrew Jackson

Andrew Johnson

James Polk James Buchanan

Woodrow Wilson

Dwight Eisenhower John Kennedy Lyndon Johnson Ronald Reagan

Harry Truman

Bill

Chester Arthur William McKinley

Clinton

THE BOOK OF POLITICAL LISTS

PRESIDENTS WITH ROYAL BLOOD After the Revolutionary War,

some Americans suggested

establishing another monarchy, with George Washington as the

king of the United States. Were they aware that Washington had no fewer than three kings in his family tree? (The kings in

first

this list are English unless otherwise noted.)

John Quincy

Edward

Adams ••*

III

James Buchanan

Robert

III

of

Scotland

Henry

George Bush II,

Edward

I;

I,

Henry

William the

Lion and Robert

II

of Scot-

land

Edward

Grover Cleveland

Henry

Calvin Coolidge

ward

I,

Edward

III;

I,

I

Ed-

Robert

I

of France

Gerald Ford I

Edward

I;

Henry

of France

Benjamin Harrison Edward Hugh Capet of France

I;

William Henry Harrison

Edward

I

Hugh Capet

Rutherford Hayes

and Henry

I

Herbert Hoover

of France

John *"

Thomas Jefferson Henry I, Edward III; William the Lion of Scotland

James Madison

Henry

II,

Edward I Franklin Pierce

Henry I

PRESIDENTIAL LISTS Franklin Roosevelt

Henry I,

Edward I, Edward James

II

Robert

I

III;

of Scotland; of France

Theodore Roosevelt

Edward III;

Edward

I

James

of Scotland

I