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Terence: Phormio. The Mother-in-Law. The Brothers [2]
 9780674990265, 0674990269

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THE LOEB CLASSICAL LIBRARY FOUNDED BY JAMES LOEB,

LL.D.

EDITED BY |T. E.

PAGE,

tE. CAPPS, PH.D., LL.D. L. A.

POST,

L.H.D. E.

H.

C.H., LITT.D.

fW. H.

D.

ROUSE,

LITT.D.

WARMINGTON, M.A., F.B.HIST.SOC.

TERENCE II

TERENCE WITH AN ENGLISH TRANSLATION BY

JOHN SAEGEAUNT

IN

TWO VOLUMES TT

PHORMIO

THE MOTHER-IN-LAW THE BROTHERS

LONDON

WILLIAM HEINEMANN LTD CAMBRIDGE, MASSACHUSETTS

HARVARD UNIVERSITY PRESS MCMLIX

First Printed 1912 1920, 1925, 1931, 1947 ,

1959

PRINTED IN GREAT BRITAIN

CONTENTS PAGE I.

II.

III.

PHORMIO

.

.

THE MOTHER-IN-LAW

.

THE BROTHERS.

.

.

.

1

.121 213

PHORMIO

INC1PIT TERENTI PHORMIO ACTA LVDIS ROMANIS L POSTVMIO ALBINO L CORNELIO MERVLA AEDILIB CVRVLIB EGIT L AMBIVIVS TVRPIO MODOS FECIT FLACCVS CLAVD1 TIBITS INPAR1BUS TOTA GRAECA APOLLODORV EPIDICAZOMENOS FACTA IIII C FANNIO M. VALERIO COS .

.

.

.

.

.

,

,

Acted at the Roman Games the Curule Aedileship of Lucius Postumius Albinus and Lucius Cornelius Merula under the management of Ambivius Turpio. Pipe-music bass and treble by Flaccus^ servant to Claudius.

Phormio by Terence. in

The whole adapted from "The Claimant/ The adapter comedy of Apollodorus.

a Greek fourth in the Consulship of Gaius

Produced comedy. Fannius and Marcus Valerius.

s

C.

SVLPICI APOLL1NARIS

PERIOCHA Chremetis frater aberat peregre Demipho relicto Athenis Antiphone filio.

Chremes clam habebat Lemrii uxorem

et filiam,

Athenis aliam coniugem et amantem unice fidicinam gnatum. mater e Lemno advenit

Athenas; moritur; virgo sola (aberat Chremes) ibi earn cum visam Antipho amaret, opera parasiti uxorem accipit. dein minas pater et Chremes reversi fremere. dant illam ut triginta parasite, coniugem fuiius procurat.

haberet ipse

uxorem

:

argento hoc emitur

retinet

fidicina.

Antipho a patruo adgnitam.

PERSONAE DAVOS SERVOS

HEGIO

GETA SERVOS

CRATINVS

ANTIPHO ADVLESCENS PHAEDRIA ADVLESCENS

CRITO

DEMIPHO SENFX

PHORMIO PARASITVS DOR 10 LENO

ADVOCATI

CHREMES SEN EX SOPHRONA NVTRIX NAVSISTRATA MATRONA CANTOR

10

SUMMARY OF THE PLAY BY GAIUS SULPICIUS APOLLINARIS

Demipho, brother to Chremes,, was abroad, having Chremes had his son Antipho at Athens. secretly contracted a bigamous marriage at Lemiios and had a daughter there. His original wife was at Athens with a son devoted to a lady fiddler. The Lemnian wife came to Athens and died there. Chremes was away at the time and there was only her daughter to bury her. Antipho saw the daughter at the funeral, fell in love with her, and by the aid of an adventurer married her. His father and Chremes on their return were highly indignant. They gave the adventurer a hundred and twenty pounds to marry the girl in Antipho s place. The money was used to buy the fiddle-girl. Chremes however recognized his daughter and Antipho left

retained his wife.

DRAMATIS PERSONAE DEMIPHO, an old gentleman of Athens. CHREMES, his brother.

HEGIO CRATTNUS CRITO

friends to Demipho.

ANTIPHO, son to Demipho. PHAEDRIA, son to Chremes. PHORMIO, an adventurer. DORIO, a slave-dealer. GETA, servant (slave) to Demipho. DAVUS, a servant (slave). NAUSISTRATA, wife to Chremes. SOPHRONA, nurse to Chremes daughter.

5

PROLOGVS Postquam poeta vetus poetam non potest retrahere a studio et transdere hominem in otium, maledictis deterrere ne scribat parat qui ita dictitat, quas ante hie fecit fabulas tenui esse oratione et scriptura levi ;

:

quia nusquani insanum scripsit adulescentulum cervam videre fugere et sectari canes et eam plorare, orare ut subveniat sibi. quod si intellegeret, quom stetit olim nova,

magis stetisse quam sua, minus multo audacter quam mine laedit laederet. mine si quis est qui hoc dicat aut sic cogitet: vetus si poeta non lacessisset prior, nullum invenire prologum posset novos quern diceret, nisi haberet cui male diceret" is sibi responsum hoc habeat, in medio omnibus palmam esse positam qui artem tractaiit musicam. ille ad famem hunc a studio studuit reicere hie respoiidere voluit, non lacessere benedictis si certasset, audisset bene quod ab illo adlatumst, sibi esse rellatum putet. de illo iam finem faciam dicundi mini, peccandi quom ipse de se finem non facit. actoris opera

10

:

:

:

:

nunc quid relim animum attendite adporto novam Epidicazomenon quam vocant comoediam :

Graece, Latine hie Phormionem nominat, Phormio quia primas partis qui aget, is res maxume, quern geretur parasitus, per

em

6

20

PROLOGUE The

old playwright, being unable to divert our play wright from his calling and consign him to leisure, He tries hard words to scare him from writing. keeps declaring that our man s plays are thin and trivial compositions, and that is because he has not introduced a mad stripling seeing a hind in flight and hounds giving chase and the beast begging and 1 If the old playwright had grasped imploring aid. that the original success of his drama was due more to his company than to himself, he would show much It may be said or at less boldness in his attacks. least thought that if the old playwright had not given the challenge, the new playwright would lack material for his prologue as having no one to attack. The answer must be that competition for the prize The old is open to all followers of dramatic art. man s wish was to drive his rival from his calling into starving. Our poet s aim was to answer, not Kind terms should have met with kind to provoke. terms in return. As it is the old playwright must I shall here reckon that he is paid in his own coin. end what 1 have to say of him though he puts no

end

to his offences.

I produce a new Please now attend to my aim. comedy of which the Greek title is The Claim

but I name it Phormio," because Phormio the principal part in the drama and the chief actor in the intrigue, as you will find if the poet receives

ant,"

is

1

See note

(

)

p. 9.

7

PUBLIUS TEKENTIUS AFER voluntas vostra si ad poetam accesserit. date operam, adeste aequo animo per silentium, ne simili utamur fortuna atque usi sumus quom per tumultum noster grex motus locost: quern actoris virtus nobis restituit locum

bonitasque vostra adiutaiis atque aequariimitas.

30

PHORM1O your kind attention. attentive silence that

Be good enough to listen in we may receive better treat

ment than when the uproar drove our company from the stage. The opportunity of another per formance we owe to the goodness of our manager and the help given him by your sense of what is and just. 2 The allusion

fair

is to some scene in a play of Lavinius. the play has not come down to us exact explanation is impossible. Perhaps Terence means that a man driven mad by love would be more in place as a character in a 1

As

tragedy than

in

a comedy.

Some have seen a reference allusion is obscure. In any case to an earlier performance of the Hecyra. Terence expresses his gratitude to Lucius Ambivius Turpio, who produced the play. 2

The

PUBL1US TERENT1US AFER

ACTVS Davos

I

Amicus summus meus

me

heri ad

venit.

iam pridem apud

nummorum nam erilem uxorem

:

ei

et popularis Geta erat ei de ratiuncula

me

relicuom pauxillulum

id ut conficerem.

:

confeci

credo

munus hoc

quam

uiiciatim vix de

suom defrudans genium

40

qui minus habent

inique comparatumst, ut semper aliquid addant ditioribus

quod

adfero.

conraditur.

ei

ille

:

filium eius duxisse audio

!

demenso suo

conpersit miser,

univorsum abripiet, baud existumans quanto labore partum. porro autem Geta id ilia

ferietur alio munere, ubi era pepererit; porro autem alio, ubi erit puero natalis dies; ubi mitiabimt. omne hoc mater auferet:

Geta

puer causa

erit mittuiidi.

me

quaeret rufus

Si quis

sed videon .

.

50

Getam?

.

I.11

Davos

praestost, desirie.

Geta

oh, at ego

obviam conabar

Davos

tibi,

Dave. accipe,

em:

lectumst; conveniet numerus quantum debui. Getc

amo 10

te, et

non neclexisse habeo gratiam.

PHORMIO A thens. A p lace where four streets meet. The Scene : houses ofDemipko, Chremes, and Dorio are on the stage.

ACT

I

ENTER DaVUS AS FROM THE PIAZZA, A PURSE

IN

HIS HAND.

Davus

My great friend and countryman Geta came to me He had against me a trifling balance yesterday. on a piddling account. He asked me to make it up,

so, and here son has taken a wife

have done

I

master

s

:

it it s

is.

I

hear his

for her, I sup

What an pose, this money is scraping together. unfair system it is that the poorer man always has to give his mite to swell the richer man s store !

What my

friend has struggled to save, farthing by farthing, from his rations, robbing himself of his pleasures, she ll swallow down at a bite with never

a thought for the is

toil

it

cost him.

Then

again

be hit for another present when a child born arid another on its birthday, and another at

Geta

will

the initiation ceremony. The mother will pocket it all, the child will be the pretext for the gift. that Geta ? ENTER Geta FROM Demipho* s HOUSE. {speaking to a servant within} If a red-headed fellow asks for me (interrupting) All right: here he is.

Ah, Geta

Davus Geta

Davus Geta

is

(turning round) You ve saved me going to look for you, Davus. (handing him the purse) Here you are, take it, no clipped coin, the sum just what I owed. Thank you, thank you; very good of you riot to overlook it. 11

PUBL1US TERENT1US AFER Davos

praeserlim ut nimc unt mores adeo res redit quis quid reddit, magiia habendast gratia. sed quid tu es tristis ? :

:

:

si

Geta

egone ? nescis quo in metu, quanto in periclo simus quid istuc est? !

Davos Geta

scies,

modo Davos

ut tacere possis.

abi sis, insdens: quoius tu fidem in pecunia perspexeris, verere verba ei credere? ubi quid mihi lucrist

60

te fallere?

ergo ausculta.

Geta

Davos Geta

senis

nostri,

hanc operam tibi dico. Dave, fratrem maiorem Chremem

nostin ?

Davos

quid ni? quid ? eius gnatum Phaedriam ?

Geta

Davos

tam quam

te.

Geta iter

illi

in

evenit senibus ambobus simul ut esset, nostro in Ciliciam

Lemnum

ad hospitem antiquom. is senem per epislulas modo non mentis auri pollicens.

pellexit,

Davos

quoi taiita erat res et supererat? desinas

Geta sic est

70

ingenium.

Davos Geta

:

abeuntes ambo

oh, regern me esse oportuit. hie turn series me fill is

relinquont quasi magistrum. o Geta, provinciam

Davos cepisti

Geta

duram.

mi usus

venit,

hoc scio:

meniini relinqui me deo irato meo. coepi advorsari primo quid verbis opust ? :

PHORMIO Davus

should think so with morals as they are now. come to this that, if a man pays a debt, you have to be mighty thankful to him. But you look I

It s

glum Geta

Do

:

I?

what is it ? Ah, you don

t

know what

fear

we

re in,

what danger. Davus Geta

Davus

What s

the matter? you, but you must keep it secret. Find a man trustworthy in Go along, silly man a matter of cash and then fear to confide a story to him? Besides here how should I gain by playing I ll tell

!

false?

you Geta

Listen then.

Davus

I

Geta

t you, our old man s elder brother ? Of course I do. And his son Phaedria? As well as I know you. It so fell out that the pair of old men went abroad at the same time, Chremes to Lenmos and our venerable to an old friend in Cilicia, who had caught his fish by promising mountains, well nigh of gold. What, when he had all that money, so much above

Davus Geta

Davus Geta

Davus

m all attention.

You know Chremes, don

his

wants?

Geta

What

Davus

Oh,

Geta

On

use talking? Money s his passion. d been king, things would be different. going off both old men left me here to be if I

tutor, like, to their sons.

Davus Geta

O Geta, what a tough job of an office for you That s what I found it, I can tell you. It s written on my mind that my guardian angel had a grudge against me. At first I used to try and check em: !

13

PUBLIUS TERENTIUS AFER seni fidelis

Davos

venere in

dum

sum, scapulas perdidi.

mentem mi

advorsum stimulum

istaec:

Geta

insoitiast,

coepi eis omnia facere, obsequi

quae

vellent.

Davos Geta

namque

calces.

scisti uti foro.

noster mali nil quicquam primo; hie Pliaedria continue quandam nactus est puellulam

80

hanc amare coepit perdite. ea serviebat lenoni inpurissumo, neque quod daretur quicquam; id curarant patres restabat aliud nil nisi oculos pascere,

citharistriam,

ludum ducere et redducere. operam otiosi nos dabamus Phaedriae. in quo haec discebat ludo, exadvorsum ei loco tonstrina erat quaedam; hie solebamus fere plerumque earn opperiri, dum iride iret domum. interea dum sedemus illi, intervenit sectari, in

90

quidam lacrumans. nos mirarier; rogamus quid sit. numquam aeque inquit ac modo paupertas mihi onus visumst et miserum et gra^e.

adulesceiis

"

modo quandam vidi virgiiiem hie viciniae miseram suam matrem lamentari mortuam. ea sita erat exadvorsum neque illi benevolus neque notus neque cognatus extra imam aniculam

quisquam aderat qui adiutaret funus: miseritumst. virgo ipsa facie

egregia."

commorat omnis voltisne eamus eamus: due nos 14

nos.

ibi

visere?" sodes."

quid verbis opust? continuo Aiitipho alius

censeo:

imus, venimus,

100

PHORMIO my

to cut the tale short, faithfulness to the old man played the devil with shoulderblades.

my

Darns Geta

Davus Geta

Just what occurred to me. Yes, yes, it s folly kicking against the pricks. Then I took to doing everything to please em, falling in with all their whims. You knew how to make your market. Our lad was up to no mischief at first, but that Phaedria at once came across a slip of a girl, a cithern-player, and fell desperately in love with her. She belonged to a real beast of a slave-dealer and there wasn t a penny to give; the fathers had seen to that. The only thing left was to feed his eyes, dance attendance on her, escort her to the music school and back. Having nothing on hand we helped Master Phaedria. The school she went to had right opposite it a barber s shop: that s where we used generally for the most part to wait for her to come out and go home. One day, as we were sitting there, in comes a young man in (sententiously)

We

fell a-wondering and asked what s the Never/ says he, so much as just now have I felt what a wretched crushing load poverty I have just seen an unhappy girl round the is. corner here weeping for her dead mother. The body was laid out in the hall, and there wasn t a wellwisher or an acquaintance or a kinsman, 110body but one old crone, on the spot to help in the funeral. It wrung my heart; and the girl a

tears.

matter.

real all.

and

beauty too

Then

!

In short his story touched us if

at once, cries Antipho,

her?

Shall

we go

l vote we do, Says another, come along, show us the way, please." We start, we re there, we see her, a lovely girl and you 15

visit

PUBLICS TERENTIUS AFER videmus. virgo pulchra, et quo magis diceres, aderat adiumenti ad pulchritudinem

nil

:

capillus passus, nudus pes, ipsa horrida, lacrumae, vestitus turpis ut, ni vis boni :

formam exstinguerent. tantum modo

in ipsa inesset forma, haec ille

qui

satis

ill

am amabat

inquit

fidicinam

scitast";

noster vero

.

Davos

1

.

iam

amare

10

scio:

coepit.

Geta

scin

quam ? quo evadat

vide.

postridie ad anum recta pergit obsecrat sibi ut eius faciat copiam. ilia enim se negat :

neque eum aequom facere

ait: illam

civem esse

Atticam,

bonam

boiiis

prognatam

:

si

uxorem

velit,

lege id licere facere sin aliter, negat. noster quid ageret nescire et illam ducere ;

:

Davos Geta

cupiebat et metuebat absentem patrem. non, si redisset, ei pater veniam daret? ille indotatam virginem atque ignobilem daret illi? numquam faceret.

Davos

quid

Geta

quid

fiat? est parasitus

Davos

quid

is

fit

120

denique?

quidam Phormio, homo confidens: qui ilium di omnes perduint! fecit?

hoc consilium quod dicam dedit:

Geta

lex est ut orbae, qui sint genere proxumi, eis nubant, et illos ducere eadem haec lex iubet. ego te cognatum dicam et tibi scribam dicam ;

paternum amicum me adsimulabo virgiriis ad iudices veniemus qui fuerit pater, 130 quae mater, qui cognata tibi sit, omnia haec confingam: quod erit mihi bonum atque cornmodum, :

:

16

PHORMIO might have said so the more from her

loveliness

having nothing to set it off; hair dishevelled, no shoes on, person unkempt, miserable clothes; in fact but for the soul of beauty in her face all this would have quenched it. The cithern-girl s lover She s pretty enough/ but our said no more than emi.

hae.

fault that

his prepared arguments. With his nervous nature his modesty struck him dumb on the spot. But I d better go i p to (aside) Well done our side the old man. (advances) Good day, Sir I glad to see you back safe and sound.

for

eta

!

:

*emi.

(shaking his stick at him) pillar of

son eta

my

when

I

O

household, to went abroad!

faithful

whom

I

m

shepherd

!

entrusted

O my

For some minutes, Sir, I have been listening to your unjust charges against

(affecting to be aggrieved) all of us, and least of all.

matter, Sir?

me in particular who deserve them What did you want me to do in the The law won t let a slave hold a

no nor go into the witness-box. nervous and inex grant it all, I allow your perienced lad," I concede you are a slave. Still, if she is ten times our kinswoman, we weren t forced into a marriage. You could have gone by the statute, supplied her with a dowry, looked out brief,

emi.

I

35

PUBLIUS TERENTIUS AFER dotein daretis, quaereret alium viruni. qua ratione inopem potius ducebat domum?

Geta

non

ratio

verum argentum

deerat.

Demi

sumeret alicunde.

Geta

alicunde?

nil est

Demi,

postremo

Geta

hui, dixti pulchre!

si

300

dictu facilius.

nullo alio pacto, faenore.

siquidem quisquam crederet

te vivo.

Demi.

Geta

non, non egon illam cum

sic illo

suave meritumst.

mi

istuni volo aut ubi

nempe Phormionem? istum patron um mulieris,

iam faxo hie

aderit.

Antipho ubi nunc est?

Demi. Geta

Demi,

foris.

abi, Phaedria,

eum

Phae. recta via

Geta Demi,

Pkor. II.

nuptam unum diem? hominem conmonstrarier habitet demons trader.

ut patiar

nil

Demi. Geta

futurumst: non potest.

quidem

require atque hue adduc. eo

:

illuc.

nempe ad Pamphilam. ego deos penatis hinc salutatum domum devortar; inde ibo ad forum atque aliquod mihi amicos advocabo ad hanc rem qui adsient, ut ne inparatus sim si veniat Phormio. Itane patris ais conspectum veritum hinc abiisse?

ii

ad mod urn.

Geta

S6

310

PHORMIO for

another

man to marry her. Where was

in preferring to saddle eta

The

the sense

him with a penniless bride ?

sense was there, Sir;

it

was the cash was

lacking. k

nti.

eta )emi.

eta

kmi.

He

might have borrowed

from some one ?

I

one would have given him credit with you alive. (furiously) It shan t be, it shan t be, it s impossible. What, I let her live with him a single day ? They have deserved no indulgence, (pauses) I want to have that fellow pointed out to me or to be shown where he lives.

eta

Phormio,

)emi.

The

eta

it

Some one? Nothing easier to say\ At the worst, if other ways failed, on interest. Fine words! Yes, indeed, if any (whistles) Phew

I ll

I

presume?

girl s

champion. have him here in no time.

)emi.

Where

eta

Out, Sir. Off with you, Phaedria ; find him and bring him here. I ll go (winks to Geta) straight you know where.

)emi. *hae.

eta

kmi.

is

Antipho now?

(aside to Phaedria)

To

his ladylove of course.

[EXEUNT Phaedria AND Geta SEVERALLY. I shall go home to give thanks for my return. Then I shall go to the Piazza and call in some friends to back up my case so that I mayn t be unprepared when this Phormio comes. [EXIT.

ACT *hor.

reta

III

(Half an hour has elapsed.} ENTER Phormio AND Geta. Do you mean to tell me that he was so afraid of father that he bolted? I

his

do indeed. S7

PUBLICS TERENTIUS AFER PJior.

Phanium relictam solam ?

Geta

sic.

Geta

oppido.

ad te

Phor.

Geta

senem?

et iratum

Phor.

summa

tute hoc intristi obsecro te.

Phor,

si

:

solum, Phormio, rerurn redit:

omnest exedendum accingere,

tibi

:

rogabit

.

.

Geta

.

in te spes est.

Phor.

eccere,

quid

si

reddet

.

.

.

320

?

tu inpulisti.

Geta Phor.

sic opinor.

Geta

subveni.

Phor.

cedo senem omnia.

Geta

quid ages?

Phor.

:

iam instructa sunt mi in corde

quid vis, ex crimine hoc

nisi uti

consilia

maneat Phanium atque

in me omnem iram derivem senis? o vir fortis atque amicu s. verum hoc saepe, Phormio, vereor, ne istaec fortitude in nervom erumpat denique.

Antiphonem eripiam atque Geta

Phor

ah,

non itast factumst periclum, iam pedum visast via. quod me censes homines iam deverberasse usque ad necem? cedo dum, enumquam iniuriarum audisti mini scriptam dicam? :

Geta Phor.

quiistuc? quia non rete accipitri tennitur neque milvo, qui male faciurit nobis quia enim in illi* iru

:

illis

.ae.

trio

ae. trio .ae.

mo

t you trust me even yet? Moonshine But if I pledge myself? Nonsense You shall say your kindness was a good investment. Rubbish Believe me, you shall be glad you did it. That s true, by heaven it is.

Don

!

!

!

Stuff!

Try

:

it

isn t a

long time.

You sing the same old song. You are my kinsman, rny father, my friend, my (interrupting)

Ay, chatter on.

You must have

a heart of stone and ears of rock if you can t be softened either by pity or by prayers. You must have an empty head and an utterly shameless soul if you think to take me in with your tinsel and to get my girl for nothing. (aside) Poor wretch The truth s too strong (turning away) Confound it for me. (aside) I low like himself, each of them !

!

ta

!

57

PUBLICS TERENTIUS AFER Phae.

atque Antipho dine, turn hoc esse

alia

quid istuc est autem, Phaedria?

egone?

Phae.

ncque

umquam cum

mil an domist?

lupum

immo,

id

aiunt, auribus teneo

quod

:

nam neque quo retineam

ipsum

quoi quod amas domist, huius modi usus venit ut con-

malo.

fiictares

Dorio

sollicitu-

o fortunatissume Antipho.

Anti.

Anti.

occupatus esset

mi obiectum malum!

AntL Phae.

quom

istuc

pacto a

me amittam neque

mi

in hoc est.

Anil.

heia,

num

uti

scio.

ne parum leno

sies.

quid hie confecit? hicine? quod homo inhumanissumus: vendidit. quid? vendidit? ain? vendidit.

Phae.

Pamphilam meam Anti.

Geta Phae.

vendidit.

Dorio

quam indignum emptam meo

facinus, ancillam

aere

!

Phae.

nequeo exorare ut

me maneat

et

cum

illo

ut mutet

fidem triduom hoc, si

Dorio Anti.

dum id quod est promissum ab amicis argentum aufero. non turn dedero, unam praeterea horam ne op-

pertus obtuiides

sies. ?

haud longumst id quod orat exoret sine, idem hie tibi, quod boni promeritus fueris, con:

duplicaverit.

58

PHORMIO \ae.

itL hae. iti.

kae.

nti.

And then that this trouble should have befallen me when Antipho was the victim of a like anxiety. (coming forward) What s the matter, Phaedria? Happy happy Antipho (bitterly} Happy? I? !

Yes, you possess your love and have never had to wrestle with this kind of misfortune.

No indeed, I ve got a wolf by Possess my love? the ears, as they say, can t let go and can t hold on. That s just my case with this gentleman. Hollo, don t ply your trade by halves He hasn t settled anything, has he ?

lae.

Yes, like the brute beast he

is:

!

(to

Phaedria)

he has sold

my

Pamphila.

What, sold her ? What,

Sir, sold

her?

Sold her.

What

a wicked

paid for! I can t get

him

man

it s

other

;

can get the raise,

(to

shame

to sell a girl I

to wait for

only for

money my

Dorio) If

I

me

bought and

and break with the

the next three days

till

1

friends have undertaken to

don

t give it

you then, don

t

wait a single hour longer. You ll stun me, will you?

not long he asks you twice over, you ll

It s

for,

do grant it. He ll pay any service you do

find, for

him.

59

PUBLICS TERENTIUS AFER Dorio

Pamphilamne hac urbe

Anti.

turn praeterea horunc

Dorio

neque ego neque

Geta

Dorio

j

vcrba istaec simt. privari sines?

amorem distrahi poterin pati ?

tu.

omnes id quod es dignus duint! advorsum ingenium meum mensis

di tibi

ego te compluris

520

tuli,

pollicitantem et nil ferentern, flentem; nunc contra

omnia haec

:

repperi qui det neque lacrumet: da locum melioribus. Anti.

certe hercle, ego

Phae.

olim dies, quam ad dares huic, praestituta. factum.

si

satis

commemini,

num

Dorio Anti.

tibi

quidemst

ego istuc nego?

iam ea praeteriit? non, verum haec

Dorio

ei antecessit.

non pudet

Anti.

vanitatis ?

minume, dum ob rem.

Dorio Geta Phae.

sterculinum. Dorio, itane

tandem

facere oportet?

Dorio Anti.

sic

sic

Dorio

sum

:

si

placeo, utere.

hunc decipi! imrno enim

nam

hie

me

vero, Antipho, hie me decipit: scibat huius modi esse, ego hunc esse

aliter credidi;

me fefellit, ego isti nilo sum aliter ac fui. sed utut haec sunt, tamen hoc faciam eras mane argentum mihi miles dare se dixit: si tu prior attuleris, Phaedria,

iste

:

60

530

PHORMIO That

s

mere

talk.

Will you let Pamphila be sent away from Athens? And besides will you have the heart to let these

two lovers be torn asunder? It s no more my doing than yours. The powers above deal with you as you deserve (to Phaedria) I ve put up with you month after month all against my grain, while you make end less promises and don t bring a penny, nothing but Now quite on the contrary I ve found a tears.

man

to pay instead of weeping.

Make way

for

your betters. nil.

But, hang it, if my memory serves me, Phaedria, there was a day once fixed for you to pay him on.

orio

There was. Well, I don tdeny

itL

Is it

orio

No, but this is arrived first. Aren t you ashamed of your shiftiness

kae.

itl.

it,

do I?

past?

?

orio

Not a

da

You muckheap

me.

Really now, Doric, ought you to act in this way? If you like me, deal with me. I am what I am.

orio

bit, so

long as

it

pays.

!

My cousin to be cheated mo No indeed, Antipho, it s iti.

in this

way

!

he cheats me.

He knew

thought his way was what it It was he took me in, I am the same to him isn t. as always. However, be that as it may, this I wil]

this

was

my

way,

I

The Captain has promised the money for to morrow if you, Phaedria, bring it before he does,

do.

;

61

PU13LIUS TERENT1US

mea

lege utar, ut potior

sit

AFER

qui prior ad dandumst.

vale.

Phae. III.

iii

Quid faciam? unde ego mine tarn subito huic argentum inveniam miser, quoi minus nihilost? quod, hie si pote fuisset exorarier

triduom hoc, promissum fuerat. itane

Anti.

miserum, qui

fieri

hunc patiemur, Geta,

me dudum

ut

dixti

adiurit

comiter ? quin,

opust, beiieficium rursum ei experiemur

quom

reddere ? Geta

scio

equidem hoc

esse aequom. age ergo, solus servare hunc potes.

Anti.

Geta

540

quid faciam? invenias argentum.

Anti.

cupio; sed id unde edoce.

Geta Anti.

pater adest hie.

Geta

scio

;

sed quid turn ? ah, dictum sapienti sat est.

Anti.

Geta

itane ais?

Anti.

ita.

sane hercle pulchre suades etiam tu hinc abis ?

Geta

:

non triumpho, ex nuptiis tuis si nil nanciscor mali, ni etiam nunc me huius causa quaerere in malo iubeas crucem? Anti.

veruin hie

dicit.

quid? ego vobis, Geta, alienus sum? haud puto;

Phae.

Geta

sed parum ne est quod omnibus nunc nobis suscenset senex, ni instigemus etiam, ut nullus locus relinquatur

preci?

62

PHORMIO I

will follow

Good day \ae.

my

rule of

first paying first served. WITH AN AIR OF INSOLENCE. Antipko) What am I to do?

to you.

[EXIT

(turning dolefully to T here can a poor devil like

W

me raise the money at such short notice, when I have less than nothing? If I could have wrung the three days out of him, I

iti.

had a promise of

it.

(almost in tears)

Geta, Geta, we can t let him be brought to this misery after his giving me just now the hearty assistance you spoke of. really must try now that he needs it to repay his kindness. (slowly and doubtfully} Yes, I know of course that is

We

jta

fair. ///.

a iti.

?ta iti.

?ta iti. >ta

iti.

.ta

Come

then, no one but you can save him.

What am I to do You must raise the money. !

m keen on

but where? Please tell back In town. I know that, but what follows? Tut, tut, a word s enough for the wise. That s what you say, is it? I

My

father

it,

me

that.

is

I do.

And by Jove,

Get along Sir, mighty pretty advice Isn t it triumph enough for me to have with you escaped punishment for your wedding without your telling me to jump for your cousin s sake from the frying-pan into the fire ? (turning to Phaedria) There s reason in what he !

!

iti.

says. ae.

ia

But, Geta, ain I

don

t

the old ing

deny

man

him

in vain.

one of the family? but surely, surely it s enough that angry with us all without our goad

t I

it,

is

to the point

where we might cry

for

mercy

PUBLICS TERENTIUS AFER Phae.

alius

ab oculis meis illam in ignotum abducet locum ?

hem: turn igitur,

dum

licet

dumque adsum,

loquimini

mecum, Antipho, 550

contemplamiiii me. .Inti.

Phae.

Geta Anti.

Off a Anti.

Geta

quamobrem?

aut quidnam facturu s? cedo. quoquo hinc asportabitur terrarum, certumst persequi aut per ire. di bene vortant quod agas pedetemptim tamen. vide si quid opis potes adferre huic. !

si

quid? quaere obsecro, ne quid plus minusve faxit quod nos post pigeat, Geta. quaero: salvos

est,

quid?

ut opinor; verum enim metuo

malum. metuere: una tecum bona mala tolerabimus.

Anti.

noli

Gd a

quantum

Phae.

solae triginta minae. triginta? hui, percarast, Phaedria. istaec vero vilis est.

Geta Phae.

Geta Phae.

tibi

opust loquere argenti.

age age, inventas reddam. o lepidum

Phae.

Geta

iam opust. iam feres Phormionem ad hanc rein :

sed Anti.

!

aufer te hinc.

Geta

est

mihi

opus adiutorem dari. praestost: audacissume ecferet solus est

560 oneris

quidvis

inpone,

;

homo amico

amicus.

eamus ergo ad eum

Geta 64.

ocius.

PHORMIO *hae.

Is

another to carry her

from

Listen to

Antipho, both of you, look on nti.

What

my

eyes, heaven this then. stay here, talk with me,

off

knows where ? (solemnly) While you can and while I

my

What do you mean

for?

face.

to do?

What

is it?

kae.

is transported to, I am resolved tc follow her or else to die. (breaks down and sobs) blessing on your designs, but gently, Sir, gently (to Geta) Think whether you can help him in any

Wherever she

A

.

way. eta

What way ?

Any way ?

nti.

sake try, for fear he do something that would afterwards make us feel uneasy. I am trying, (after a pause) He s all right, I think afraid it will land me in trouble. but, but I Don t be afraid good or bad, we ll bear it all with

eta

you. (to Phaedria) Tell

nti.

eta

For heaven

s

:

m

:

me how much money

you want?

kae.

Only a hundred and twenty pounds. A hundred and twenty? (whistles) Phew! mighty dear, Sir. (angrily) Mighty cheap, she is.

eta

Well, well,

kae.

O

kae.

eta

I ll

see

it s

s

got.

you good fellow!

eta

Off with you.

kae.

We

eta

At once you

nti.

me in the business. He s at your service.

eta

She

must have

it

at once.

shall,

but

I

must have Phormio to help

Never scruple to put the heaviest burden on him, he ll carry it through, he s the only friend that is a friend, Then to him at once. 65

PUBLIUS TERENTIUS AFER Anti.

num

quid est quod

et

vobis sit?

verum abi domum illam miseram, quam ego nunc intus scio esse exanimatam metu,

consolare.

cessas

qua

;

?

aeque quod faciam lubens.

nihil est

Anti.

Phae.

mea opera opus nil

Geta

via istuc facies ?

dicam in

Geta

itere

:

modo te hinc amove.

ACTVS IV Demi.

Quid? qua profectus causa hinc Chremes, adduxtin tecum filiam?

Lemnum,

non.

Chr.

Demi. Chr.

es

quid

ita

non?

postquam videt me eius mater esse hie diutius, simul autem non manebat aetas virginis

meam

neclegentlam, ipsam

cum omni

570

familia

ad rne profectam esse aibant. Demi. Chr.

quid illi tarn diu quaeso igitur commorabare, ubi id audiveras? pol me detinuit morbus.

unde? aut qui?

Demi. Chr.

Demi, Chr.

rogas? sed venisse eas senectus ipsast morbus. salvas audivi ex nauta qui illas vexerat.

quid gnato obtigerit me absente audisti, Chremes? me quidem factum consili incertum facit.

quod

iiam hanc condicionem

si

quo pacto aut unde mihi 66

quoi tulero extrario, dicundum ordine est.

sit

580

PHORMIO

intt.

suppose, you want my help for? Nothing, Nothing. No, go you off home and comfort your I know she s waiting there half dead poor wife. with fear. \Antipho hesitates) Why are you loitering ? 1 here s nothing else I could do with half the heart.

Dhae.

How

jeta

I

Demi.

(Half an hour has elapsed} ENTER Chremes IN TRAVELLING DRESS AND Demipho. By the way, about the object which took you to Your daughter, have you Lemnos, Chremes ? brought her with you?

tnti.

jeta

I

[EXIT.

ll

are you going to do it?

tell

you as we

go.

Come

along with you. [EXEUNT.

ACT IV

No. Demi.

Why

^hr.

As her mother found

not?

was staying here longer was getting too old to wait for my inattention, she had set out, they told me, with all her household to join me. Well then, why did you stop there so long after you were told that ? Lord I was detained by illness. Where did you catch it? What was it? No matter old age is an illness in itself. However that they arrived safe I learnt from the captain of the ship that brought them. You have heard of the trouble that befell my son while I was away, eh ? Yes, and it s that which causes an uncertainty in my plans, because, if I make a match for my gir] with anyone outside the family, I shall have to explain precisely how she comes to be my daughter. than usual and the

Demi.

7Ar.

Demi. 7Ar.

Demi.

I

girl

!

:

61

PUBLIUS TERENTIUS AFER te mihi fidelem esse

scibam. tacebit,

ille si

dum

sin spreverit lie

vereorque

quod

si fit,

id restat;

Demi,

me

aeque atque egomet sum mihi

alienus adfinem volet,

intercedet familiaritas ;

me, plus quam opus est scito sciet. uxor aliqua hoc resciscat mea :

ut

me

excutiam atque egrediar domo,

nam ego meorum

scio ita esse et istaec

solus

mihi res

sum meus.

sollicitudinist,

neque defetiscar usque adeo experirier, donee tibi id quod pollicitus sum effecero. Geta IV.ii

Ego hominem callidiorem vidi neminem quam Phormionem. venio ad hominem, argentum opus esse vix

dum

et id

quo pacto

gaudebat, dis gratias

ut dicerem

fieret.

dirnidium dixeram, intellexerat

me

590

:

laudabat, quaerebat senem.

agebat tempus

sibi dari,

ubi Phaedriae esse ostenderet nilo minus

amicum

sese

iussi opperiri

quam :

eo

sed eccum ipsum.

Antiphoni.

me

esse

hominem ad forum

adducturum senem.

quis est ulterior ? attat Phaedriae

sed quid pertimui autem belua? pater venit. an quia quos fallam pro uno duo sunt mi dati? commodius esse opinor duplici spe utier.

petam hinc unde a primo institi is si dat, sat si ab eo nil fiet, turn hunc adoriar hospitem. :

IV.

iii

Anli.

Exspecto quam mox recipiat sese Geta. 68

est ;

600

PHORMIO I knew were as loyal to me as I am to myself. an outsider desires the connexion, he will hold his tongue so long as we are on good terms, but if he has a tiff with me he ll know more than he ought And I have my fears that some way or to know.

You If

other there

my

may

wife

know

get to

of

it.

If she does,

me

but to turn myself out nothing and never darken my own door again, for I the only thing in my house that I can call my own. left for

s

m

lemt.

I

know

that

s

so

and your trouble is mine, and till I have carried out what

never weary promised you. shall

I I

ENTER Geta. reta

{coming down the street and not seeing the old men) A sharper fellow than Phormio I ve never set eyes I come to my man to tell him we wanted on. money and how we came to want it. I was barely half through with my story when he d see it all. He was delighted, commended me, asked to see

the old man. He thanked heaven he had a chance of showing he was just as much a friend of Phaedria s I told him to wait for me in the as of Antipho s. Piazza and I d bring the old man there, (sees Who s that behind Demipho) Ah, there he is. him? Crimini! Phaedria s father s come back. {recovering himself) Bah why was I such a dolt as to be scared? Because I ve got a couple to take I think it s all to the good to in instead of one? !

have two strings to one

man

s

bow.

I

ll

apply to the

was first after: if he provides the money, then I have it if I fail with him, then have at the newcomer. ENTER Antipho FROM HIS FATHER S HOUSE. I

:

Inti.

(stopping by the door)

I

m

waiting to see

how

long

69

PUBLICS TERENTIUS AFER cum patre astantem. ei mihi, quam timeo adventus huius quo inpellat patrem sed patruom video

!

Geta

adibo: o salve, noster Chremes. salve, Geta.

Chr.

Geta

610

venire salvom volup est.

Chr.

credo.

Geta

quid agitur?

multa advenienti, ut

fit,

nova hie?

Chr.

Geta

compluria.

de Antiphone audistin quae facta?

ita.

omnia.

Chr.

Geta

tun dixeras huic? facimis indignum, Chremes, sic circumiri!

Geta

cum hoc agebam commodum. mecum

id

Chr.

nam

hercle ego quoque id quidem agitans sedulo

inveni, opinor,

remedium huic

Demi,

rei.

quid, Geta?

Chr.

quod remedium? ut abii abs

Geta

te, fit forte

obviam

mihi Phormio. Chr.

qui

Phormio?

Demi.

is

qui istancscio.

Chr.

Geta

visumst mi ut eius temptarem sententiam. quor non," inquam, prendo hominem solum:

Phormio, vides, inter nos sic

ut

componamus

cum bona quam cum mala?

haoc potius

gratia

eras liberalis est et fugitans litium

70

;

620

PHORMIO

Geta

Geta will be in getting back. Ah, there s my Dash it, I don t like to uncle with my father. think what he may move my father to. (He re mains unseen by the others) (aside) I ll to him. (comes forward) Good day to you, Sir. (to

Chr.

Geta Chr.

Geta Ckr.

Geta

Chremes) day, Geta. Delighted to see you back and well, (brusquely) No doubt.

Good

Sir.

How goes it, Sir? The usual surprises when one comes home perhaps? A good many. Quite so, Sir. Your nephew now, have you heard what s happened about him?

Chr.

Everything.

Geta

(to

Was it you told him, Sir ? A shocking to be circumvented in this way. talking to my brother about it this moment.

Demipho)

affair, Sir,

was Well now

Chr.

I

Geta

I vow, Sir, I too have been turning it over with a busy brain and I ve found, I think, a way out of the difficulty.

Chr.

Eh, Geta?

Demi.

What way?

Geta

confidentially) I left you, Sir, it so

(Geta draws them forward and speaks

When Who s

happened

I

met Phormio.

Demi.

Phormio? The man by whom the

Chr.

(interrupting) I see.

Geta

thought I d better first find out his sentiments. buttonhole my man and Phormio," says I, "why don t you consider how w e can settle this between us, like, so as to leave a good feeling instead of a bad? My master s a gentleman and shy of law suits ; yes indeed, his friends, every one of em by

Chr.

girl

was

I

"

I

r

71

PUBLICS TERENT1US AFER nam

quidem hercle amici omnes modo uno ore auctores fuere ut praecipitem hanc daret." Anti.

ceteri

quid hie coeptat aut quo evadet hodie?

an legibus

Geta

daturum poenas dices, si illam eiecerit? iam id exploratumst heia, sudabis satis, si cum illo inceptas homine ea eloquentiast. verum pono esse victum eum at tandem tamen non capitis ei res agitur sed pecuniae." postquam hominem his verbis seiitio mollirier, soli sumus nunc hie inquam: eho, die quid vis :

:

;

63C

dari tibi in

manum,

ut erus his desistat litibus,

haec hinc facessat, tu molestus ne sies? Anti.

satin

illi

di sunt propitii?

nam

Geta si

sat scio,

tu aliquam partem aequi bonique dixeris,

ut est ille bonus vir, tria non commutabitis verba hodie inter vos."

Demi. Chr.

immo non

quis te istaec iussit loqui? potuit melius pervenirier

eo quo nos volumus. occidi

Anti.

Demi. Geta

perge eloqui. a primo

homo

insanibat.

eedo quid postulat?

Chr.

Geta

!

quid? nimium quantum.

quantum?

Chr.

die.

Geta

si

quis daret

talentum magnum. Demi. Geta

immo malum

hercle: ut

adeo ei quaeso, quid si quod suain unicam locaret? parvi re tulit dixi

72

:

nil

filiam

pudet!

640

PHORMIO Jove to a man, advised him with one voice to kick the girl out of inti.

(aside)

doors."

What s his

design?

What on earth will he

be

driving at? jeta

Perhaps you may say," says I, the law will punish Now that s been well if he turns her out. looked to. My word, you ll sweat enough if you try a fall with my master his eloquence is simply(waves his hand) However I assume he s throw n, still after all it s not a question of life and death As I saw the fellow was worked but of money." on by w hat I said, "We re here by ourselves," says u at this moment: look here, what ll you take in I, ready cash for my master to drop his suit, the girl to take herself off, and you to stop bothering us?" (aside, in alanri) Has he got a visitation of lunacy ? know well enough, if there s a Why," says I, spark of fairness and honesty in your terms, with a good gentleman like that it won t take you half a dozen words, not half a dozen, to settle (coldly) Who commissioned you to talk in that strain ? No, no, he s right, there couldn t be a better way of getting to our goal.

him

:

r

r

4nti.

Seta

"l

it."

Demi, ?hr.

inti.

(aside)

Demi.

On

Seta

Damnation!

with your story. At first our man raved. How much does he ask? Why, something enormous,

Demi.

He talked !

Geta

How much

? Tell me. -two hundred and fifty pounds. Two hundred and fifty whippings The shameless wretch Lord! And that s just what I said to him, Sir. says I, "one might think he was marrying an only 73

(impatiently)

Seta

of-

PUBLIUS TERENTIUS AFER non suscepisse: inventast quae dotem petat." ut ad pauca redeam, ac mittam illius ineptias, haec denique eius ego"

ita

postrema oratio:

650

fuerat, volui uxorem ducere milii venibat in mentem eius incommodum,

ut

nam

fuit

a principio amici filiam,

inquit

aequom

in servitutem

;

pauperem ad ditem

dari.

sed mi opus erat, ut aperte tibi mmc fabuler, aliquantulum quae adferret qui dissolverem quae debeo et etiam mmc, si volt Demipho dare quantum ab hac accipio quae sponsast inilii, :

Anti.

nullam mihi malim quam istanc uxorem dari." utrum stultitia facere ego hunc an malitia

Demi,

dicam, scientem an inprudentem, incertus sum. quid si animam debet?

Geta

ager opposltus pignori

decem ob minas

est."

age age, iam ducat: dabo.

Demi. Geta

aediculae item sunt ob

decem

alias."

Demi.

oiei,

nimiumst.

ne clama: repetito hasce a

Chr.

Geta

uxori

enmnda

ancillulast

;

supellectile opus est; opus est his rebus sane porro

Demi,

Chr.

pone"

me

decem.

turn pluscula

sumptu ad nuptias:

inquit

decem."

sescentas proinde scribito iam mihi dicas: nil do. inpuratus me ille ut etiam inrideat?

tu modo filium quam volumus.

quaeso, ego dabo, quiesce fac ut illam ducat, nos

:

ei

Anti.

Geta, occidisti

74

me

tuis fallaciis.

mihi

660

PHORMIO Little good to him never to have had a daughter. daughter, if a girl s been found to demand a dowry To cut the story short and drop his impertinences, From the this is what his final proposal was: !

ve been ready to do what I kept thinking of the unfortunate circumstance that when a poor girl is given to a rich husband it s slavery, not matrimony. But, to be quite frank with you, I wanted a bride who would bring me a trifle to pay my debts with and even now, if Demipho is ready to give me as much as I am getting w ith the girl that s engaged to me, the other girl s the one I should choose before all the girls in the world."

beginning/ says he,

"I

my friend s daughter, for

was just and marry

;

r

Anti.

Demi. Geta

Stupidity or knavery, which is it ? I in the dark. deliberate or blundering? What if he s head and ears in debt? (aside)

Is

he

m

There

s

some

land,"

says he, "mortgaged for fifty

pounds."

Demi. Geta Demi. Ckr.

Geta

Demi,

Chr.

Anti.

I ll pay it. well, let him marry her at once Well, f small house too for another fifty? Confound the man! It s too much. Don t swear you may recover this fifty from me. My wife," says he, must get a maid; besides, we shall want a few more sticks of furniture ; some thing must be spent at the wedding ; for all this another fifty." let s put down," says he, :

A

:

Then he may j ust bring five hundred actions blackguard against me. I don t give a penny. like that to laugh at me even! I ll pay it be pacified only make Please, please. your son marry the wife we wish.

(angrily)

A

:

(aside)

Confound

it

!

Your

:

tricks

have done

for

me,

master Geta.

75

Chr.

PUBLICS TERENTIUS AFER me hoc est aequom amittere. me certiorem inquit quantum potest

mea

Geta

causa eicitur

:

"face,

si

illam dant, hanc ut mittam,

nam

illi

ne incertus siem

mihi dotem iam const! tuerunt

;

dare."

1

Chr.

iam accipiat: hanc ducat.

Demi.

quae quidem illi res vortat male opportune adeo argentum nunc mecum attuli,

Chr.

illis

repudium renuntiet;

!

fructum quern Lemni uxoris reddunt praedia inde

sumam;

:

680

uxori tibi opus esse dixero.

IV.iv Anti.

Geta.

hem.

Geta Anti.

quid egisti?

emunxi argento

Geta Anti.

Geta Anti.

Geta Anti.

senes.

satin est id?

nescio hercle

:

tantum

iussus sum.

eho, verbero, aliud mihi respondes ac rogo? quid ergo narras?

quid ego narrem? opera tua ad restim mihi quidem res redit plaiiissume. ut te quidem di deaeque omnes superi inferi malis exemplis perdant! em, si quid velis, huic mandes qui te ad scopulum e tranquillo auferat. 690 quid minus utibile fuit quam hoc ulcus tangere aut nominare uxorem? iniectast spes patri cedo nunc porro Phormio posse illam extrudi. dotcm si accipiet, uxor ducendast domumi :

76

PHORM1O Chr.

Geta

Chr.

Demi. Chr.

It s for my sake she s turned out; it s right I should lose the money. Let me know as soon as possible/ says he, so that, if they give me the girl, I may break with the other and not be on the fence, for the other parties have arranged to pay me the dowry at once." (to Demipho) Let him have it at once, let him send and break with them, and marry this one. And the devil go with him Very luckily Fve got this money with me now, the I ll take it rents of my wife s larms at Lemnos. out of that sum and tell my wife you had a call for it. [EXEUNT Chremes AND Demipho INTO Chremes !

HOUSE. Anti.

(comes forward in anger) Geta

Geta

(cheerfully) Well, Sir.

Anti.

Geta

What have you been at? I ve diddled the old men out of the

Anti.

Is that

Geta

cash, (gleefully)

good enough?

Enough? Hanged

if I

know:

it s

the

sum

I

was

told to get. Anti.

What, you knave ? Do you pretend

Geta

question? (kicks him) (sulkily) Well, what do you

Anti.

By your doing

to mistake

my

mean then? brought to the halter, plain as day. May all the powers above and below damn you to the worst of punishments! Look there, if you want a thing done commission him with it, to steer you from still water on to a rock. Could anything be worse than touching on that sore or mentioning my wife? You ve inoculated my father with the hope of thrusting her out. Tell me this now about the future if Phormio gets the dowry, he must marry the wife what then ? 77 I

m

:

:

PUBLIUS TERENTIUS AFER quid

fiet?

non enim ducet.

Geta Anii.

novi.

ceterum

quom argentum in

Geta

nervom

repetent, nostra causa scilicet potius ibit.

nil est, Antipho, quin male narrando possit depravarier:

tu id

quod bonist excerpis, dicis quod malist. audi nunc contra: iam si argentum acceperit, ducendast uxor, ut ais, concedo tibi

700

:

Anti.

spatium quidem tandem adparandi nuptias, vocandi, sacruficandi dabitur paululum. interea amici quod polliciti sunt dabunt: inde iste reddet. quam ob rem? aut quid dicet?

Geta

rogas

?

res postilla monstra evenerunt mihi intro iit in aedis ater alienus canis;

quod

anguis in inpluvium decidit de tegulis gallina cecinit ; interdixit hariolus

;

:

haruspex vetuit; ante brumam autem novi negoti incipere! quae causast iustissuma. haec fient. ut

Anil.

modo

fiant!

Geta

fient:

me

vide.

pater exit: abi, die esse argentum Phaedriae.

Demi. IV.v

Quietus

esto,

inquam ego curabo :

lie

quid verborum

duit.

hoc temere numquam amittam ego a me quin mihi testis adhibeam: quoi dem et quam ob rem dem commemorabo. Geta Chr.

ut cautus est, ubi nil opust. atque ita opus factost et matura, dum lubido eadem haec manet; 78 :

710

PHORMTO Geta Anti.

(testily)

Why, he won

marry

her.

no, of course not; and, when they (sarcastically) ask for the money back, doubtless for our sake he ll

choose to go to Geta

t

Oh

jail.

nothing, Sir, that can t be made worse by the telling. What you do is cut out the good and mention the bad. Now hear the other side. If he takes the money for good, he must marry the wife, After all, though, some as you say I grant that. little time will be allowed to prepare for the wed ding, send out the invitations, arrange the religious

There

s

;

part.

Meantime

his

they ve promised: he

friends

will

supply what

Anti.

back out of that. On what ground? What reason will he give ? That s easy enough. He can say The number of ominous warnings I ve had since the engagement A strange black dog came into my house, a snake dropped off the tiles into the cistern, a hen crowed, a wizard vetoed, a diviner forbad it, I couldn t think of undertaking a new business before the shortest and that s the soundest excuse of all. day That s what ll happen. If only it would

Geta

It will:

Anti.

Geta

ll

pay

it

!

"

!

trust me.

with you,

tell

Your father

Phaedria the

coming out:

s

money

s

off

there.

[EXIT Antipho.

Demi.

RE-ENTER Demipho AND Chremes. Be easy, I say I ll take care he don t cheat us. 1 shan t be so rash as to part with the money except :

before witnesses.

I shall recite to

whom

I

m giving

and what I m giving it for. (aside) Mighty cautious when there s no need Yes, that s the way you must do it, and make haste it

Geta Chr.

!

79

PUBLICS TERENTIUS AFER nam si altera illaec magis instabit, forsitan nos Geta Demi. Geta

rem ipsam

reiciat.

putasti.

me

due

ad

eum

ergo.

non moror.

Car.

transito

quam

ubi hoc egeris, ad uxorem meam, ut conveniat hanc prius

hinc abit.

dicat earn dare nos Phormioni

nuptum, ne suscen-

720

seat;

et magis esse ilium

nos nostro

officio

idoneum qui ipsi sit familiarior non digressos esse: quantum is ;

voluerit,

datum

esse dotis.

Demi.

quid

malum

id tua re fert?

Chr.

magni, Demipho.

non

satis est

tuom

te officium fecisse, id

adprobat volo ipsius haec voluntate

si

non fama

:

Demi,

idem ego

ne se eiectam praedicet.

possum. mulier mulieri magis convenit.

Chr.

Demi,

fieri,

istuc facere

rogabo. ubi

Chr.

illas

nune ego reperire possim

cogito.

ACTVS V So.

Quid agam ? quern mi amicum inveniam misera ? aut quo consilia haec referam? aut unde auxilium petam? nam vereor, era ne ob meum suasum indigna iniuria adficiatur ita

:

patrem adulescentis facta haec tolerare audio

violenter.

Chr.

nam quae haec anus egressast meo ? 80

est,

exanimata a fratre quae

730

PHORMIO while the fit s on him if the other girl gets more urgent he may perhaps throw us over. You ve hit it, Sir. (to Geta) Then take me to him. This instant, Sir. When you ve done the business, come across to my wife and ask her to visit the girl before she leaves your house. She may tell her we are giving her in marriage to Phormio, (then she won t be angry,) and that he s a better husband for her because he s an older acquaintance, that we have not fallen short of our duty and have provided as large a dowry as :

Geta Demi, jet a Chr.

he desired. Demi. ?hr.

Demi. ?hr.

Demi.

What

the plague is that to you ? my dear brother. It is not enough for a man to have done his duty unless the world ratines it. I want this to be done with her own consent so that she mayn t assert that she was turned out. I can do that part myself. A woman is best to deal with a woman. I will ask her. [EXIT. Now I wonder where I can find those others.

Much,

ACT V So.

(not

ENTER Sophrona FROM Demiphos HOUSE. seeing Chremes) What am I to do ? Where can a

poor woman find a friend to take the case to or appeal afraid my mistress will suffer a help? I shocking wrong from taking my advice. The young man s father, from what I hear, takes what we have

m

for

done ?hr.

like a fury. is this old

(aside)

Who

wild state from

my

woman

that

s

come

in this

brother s? 81

quod ut

So.

PUBLICS TERENTIUS AFER facerem egestas me inpulit, quom

scirem

infirmas nuptias hasce esse, ut id consulerem, interea vita ut in tuto foret.

certe edepol, nisi

Chr.

me

animus

fallit

aut

parum

pro-

spiciunt oculi,

meae nutricem gnatae So.

video.

neque

.

Chf.

ille

investigatur,

quid ago?

Chr.

qui eius pater est. adeo, maneo, dum haec quae loquitur magis cognosco quod si eum nunc^reperire possim, est nil quod verear. ipsa east

So.

conloquar. quis hie loquitur?

So.

Chr. So.

Chr.

:

Sophrona. et

So.

Chr.

?

meum nomen

nominat?

respice ad me. di

So.

Chr.

740

obsecro vos, estne hie Stilpho? non.

Chr.

negas ? concede hinc a foribus paulum istorsum sodes, Sophrona. ne me istoc nomine appellassis posthac. quid? non obsecro es quern semper te esse dictitasti ? sk quid has metuis fores ? conclusam hie habeo uxorem saevam. verum istoc

So.

eo perperam olim dixi, ne vos forte inprudentes foris effuttiretis atque id porro aliqua uxor mea rescisceret. istoc pol nos te hie invenire miserae numquam

So.

Chr. So.

Chr. So.

me nomine

potuimus.

82

PHORMIO b.

And it was penury drove me into it, though I knew I wanted time to this marriage wouldn t hold. turn round and had to provide her with a livelihood till I

^hr.

could.

By heaven, unless my memory

(aside)

eyesight fails, this is o.

And we

^hr.

(aside,

o.

^hr.

o.

what she

s

out or

my

till I

catch

saying?

If only I could find him now I have nothing to fear. is the nurse. I ll speak to her. (goes forward)

o.

(her back to him)

Sophrona

Who s

that talking ?

!

o.

My name

Ihr.

Turn and look

o.

(turns round)

^hr.

No.

o.

is

nurse.

s

(aside) It

^hr.

"hr.

daughter

get no tracesmuch agitated} What shall I do? of her father. (aside) Am I to go up to her or stop here

clearer

^hr.

my

too! at me. For mercy

s

sake, are you Stilpho?

You deny it? (they are now near Chrernes Come away a little from the doorway, please, Sophrona.

(they

move away:

door) this

way,

he whispers)

Never you call me that name again Aren t you the man you always were? !

o.

What?

7Ar.

Hush

o.

7Ar.

said you

!

Why

are you afraid of that door ? Behind it I have a wife, a vixen. falsely, when I did, that that was my

Why

I

told

s

you

name was that my real name leak

some of you might happen to let out unawares and in consequence

somehow ?o,

find

it all

I declare That could find you here.

Well

!

my

wife might

out. s

why we

poor creatures never

as

PUBLIUS TERENTIUS AFER Chr.

eho die mihi, quid ubi illae sunt

rei tibist

cum

familia hac

unde

exis

?

?

miseram me.

So.

hem, quid est? vivontne?

Chr. So.

vivit gnata.

matrem ipsam ex aegritudine hac mors miseram

750

consecutast. Chr.

male factum.

So.

ego autem, quae essem anus deserta egens ignota, ut potui nuptum virginem locavi huic adulescenti, harum qui est doininus aedium.

Chr.

Antiphonin isti

So.

Chr.

So.

ipsi.

unam ille quidem hanc sol am.

au, obsecro,

quid illam alteram quae dicitur cognata ? haec ergost.

quid ais?

Chr. So.

inquam

quid? duasne uxores habet?

So.

Chr.

?

composite factumst, quo

modo hanc amans habere

posset sine dote. Chr.

di vostram fidem, quam saepe forte temere eveniunt quae non audeas optare offendi adveniens quocum volebam et ut volebam filiam locatam quod nos ambo opere maxumo dabainus operam ut !

:

fieret,

sine nostra cura, So.

maxuma

sua cura haec sola

fecit.

nunc quid opus facto sit vide pater adulescentis venit eumque animo iniquo hoc oppido ferre aiunt. :

nil periclist

Chr.

84

760

PHORMIO Ihr.

o.

By the by, tell me w hat you have to do with the household you are just come from? Where are my daughter and her mother? r

Oh

dear, dear! (crying)

now, what s the matter? Are they living? Your daughter is alive. Her poor mother after all this distress went and died, (crying)

Why Mir. o.

Dear, dear now Being only an old woman, deserted and penniless and a stranger here, I could only do my best, so I married her to the young gentleman who is master of this house here ? !

y

To Antipho ?

hr.

(astounded)

o.

Yes, I say so, to Antipho. What! Has he two wives?

f

Ikr. o.

Oh, mercy on

us,

no

:

he

s

only this one, he has.

^hr.

What of that other one who Why, that s this. You can t mean it?

o.

It

7hr.

Great heavens, how often the merest chance brings about things that you wouldn t venture to pray for I come back to find my daughter married to the man I wished and in the way I wished. What the pair of us were working our hardest to bring about she alone without any exertion of ours by her own

Ikr. o.

is

called his relation

?

was all a contrivance so that her lover could marry her without a dowry. (Chremes clasps and lifts his

hands)

!

o.

^hr.

great exertions has accomplished, Now consider what we ve got to do. The young man s father is returned and they say he s mightily offended at the match. There s no danger, but in the name of heaven and

85

sed per

PUBLICS TERENTIUS AFER deos atque homines meam esse hanc

cave

resciscat quisquam. So.

nemo

e

me

scibit.

Chr.

sequere

me

intus cetera audiemus.

:

Demi.

Nostrapte culpa facimus ut mails expediat esse,

V.ii

dum nimium ita fugias

dici

nos bonos studemus et benignos.

ne praeter casam, quod

aiunt.

nonne

id

sat erat,

accipere ab

illo

iniuriam!? etiam

argentumst ultro

obiectum, ut

Geta

sit

Demi.

Geta

qui vivat,

dum

aliud aliqftid flagiti conficiat.

planissume. eis

nunc praemiumst, qui recta prava

Demi.

ut stultissume qwidem

Geta

modo

Demi,

etiamne id dubiumst?

rem

gesserimus.

hem, mutet autem?

Geta Demi,

illi

ut hoc consilio possiet discedi, ut istam ducat.

haud scio hercle, ut homost, an mutet animum.

Geta

Demi,

faciunt.

verissume.

nescio ita faciam,

;

verum,

si

forte, dico.

ut frater censuit, ut uxorem eius hue

adducam,

cum

ista ut loquatur.

tu,

Geta, abi prae, nuntia

hanc venturam. Geta

argentum iiiventumst Phaedriae

;

de iurgio

siletur ;

provisumst ne in praesentia haec hinc abeat: quid

nunc porro? 86

770

PHORMIO earth take care not a soul finds out she

my

s

daughter.

Nobody

9.

(with decisioii)

hr.

Come with me

shall

know

it

from me.

me

the rest indoors. [EXEUNT INTO Demipko s HOUSE. (About half an hour has elapsed.) :

you

shall tell

ENTER Demipho WITH Geta. )emi.

eta

our own blundering that makes it worth a man s while to be a rogue and all because of our excessive eagerness to be called honest and generous. Shoot not beyond the mark, as the proverb has it. Wasn t it enough to put up with wrong from that fellow ? Now we have positively tossed money to him to keep him going till he can achieve some other piece of wickedness. It s

That

plain as day. s a prize for those whether they do right or wrong. s

)emi.

Nowadays there

leta

Absolutely true.

lemi.

And

so

we have made

a fool

s

who don t

care

business of it in this

affair.

only hope this plan will get us out

reta

I

}emi.

marrying her. (starting) Is even that doubtful?

all

right

by

his

leta

don t know, Sir, I m sure. Seeing he he may change his mind. The devil You don t mean it ? I don t know, Sir I only say he may. I

s

what he

is,

)emi. reta

)emi.

!

:

do as my brother proposed, bring his wife across to talk with her. Go ahead, Geta announce that I ll

;

she jeta

s

[EXIT INTO Chremes* HOUSE.

corning.

We ve got the cash for Phaedria; the action; lady doesn

not a word about secured that for the moment the What about the future? leave us. 87

it s

t

PUBLIUS TERENTIUS AFER quid

Geta

fiet? in

eodem

luto haesitas; vorsuram solves,

praesens quod fuerat

:

malum

diem

in

abiit

780

:

plagae, crescunt, nisi prospicis.

domum

nunc hinc

ibo ac

Phanium

edocebo

ne quid vereatur Phormionem aut huius orationem. Demi. V.iii

Age dum,

ut soles, Nausistrata, fac

ut placetur

ilia

nobis,

ut sua voluntate id quod est faciundum faciat. faciam.

Nau. Demi,

pariter

nunc opera

me

adiuves, ac re

dudum

opitu-

lata es.

Nau.

factum

me

volo.

ac pol minus queo viri culpa

quam

dignumst.

Demi,

quid autem

Nau.

quia pol mei patris bene parta indiligenter tutatur; nam ex eis praediis talenta argenti bina

?

statim capiebat

:

vir viro

Demi.

Nau.

ac rebus vilioribus,

quid praestat binan quaeso? !

tamen talenta

bina.

Demi. Nau.

hui.

quid haec videntur?

Demi.

scilicet.

virum

Nau.

me natum

vellem

:

ego ostenderemcerto scio.

Demi.

Nau.

quo pacto-

Demi.

parce sodes,

88

790

PHORMIO What

will

be done

you borrowed

?

You

re stuck in the old

mud

;

pay and must pay for the borrow What was the present trouble is off for to

ing,, Geta. the day, but the score of stripes runs up unless you look out. Now I ll go off home and put Phanium up to it all that she mayn t be afraid of Phormio or the old lady s speechmaking. [EXIT.

RE-ENTER Demipho WITH Nausistrata.

Come

*emi.

then, Nausistrata, with your usual tact put her in good humour with us that she may do volun tarily what s got to be done.

au.

I will

tent.

Help me with your good just

r

au.

>emi.

au.

do

so.

am most happy and I assure you it s my husband s fault that I can t do all that I ought to have the means of doing.

How

so?

Because,

do assure you, he s so careless in looking father s honest savings. father used

I

my

to receive

from those farms

every rent-day.

man and man emi.

ait.

}

emi.

au.

!

still

five

!

emi.

It is evident. I

could wish / had been born a

shown t

My

hundred pounds What a difference there is between five

Five hundred, really ? (affecting surprise) Yes, and with prices much lower too: hundred pounds. Astonishing What do you think of that ?

au.

]

you did

purse. to help,

I

after

}

offices in this as

now with your

am

man

:

I

should have

emi.

(interrupting) I

au.

by what means (interrupting) Spare yourself, please, so that you may 89

>emi.

sure of

it.

PUBLICS TERENTIUS AFER Nau.

ut possis cum ilia, mulier ne te adulescens defetiget. faciam ut iubes. sed meum virum abs te exire video.

ehem, Demipho,

Chr.

iam

illi

datumst argentum? curavi

Demi.

ilico.

nollem datum.

Ckr. ei,

video uxorem: paeiie plus

sat erat.

quor nolles, Chremes?

Demi. Chr.

quam

iam

recte.

quid tu ? ecquid locutu

Demi.

cum istac quam

s

ob rem hanc ducimus? Chr.

transegi.

Demi.

quid

ait

tandem? abduci non potest.

Chr.

Demi. Chr.

qui

quia uterque

non potest? 800

utri quest cordi.

quid istuc nostra?

Demi. Chr,

magni.

cognatam comperi esse

praeterhac

nobis.

Denn.

quid?

deliras. sic erit.

Chr.

non temere dico

:

redii

mecum

au obsecro, vide ne in cognatam pecces.

non

Demi.

patris

nomen

Chr.

:

aliud dictumst: hoc tu errasti.

non norat patrem ?

Demi. Demi.

est.

ne nega

Chr.

Chr.

memoriam. satin sanus es?

Demi.

Nau.

in

norat.

quor aliud dixit?

numquamne

hodie concedes mihi

PHORMIO talk to the girl. She is young and may tire you out. will follow your recommendation. Ah, there s

I

au.

husband coming out of your house. ENTER Chremes. (much excited, not seeing his wife) I say, Demipho, has the money been paid him yet? I saw to it at once. I m sorry for it. (sees his wife, aside) Dear me, I had almost said too much. there s my wife. Why sorry, Chremes ? (confused) It s all right now. And your part? Have you talked to the girl and

my

ir.

emi. ir.

emi. kr.

emi.

told her

why we

have settled

bring your wife ?

hr.

I

emi.

Pray, what does she say? The removal is impossible.

hr.

it.

hr.

(astonished) Impossible? Because they are in love

*emi.

What s

hr.

Much.

\erni.

How s

that?

with each other.

\erni.

that to us ? Besides I have discovered that she relation of ours. What ? You re out of your wits.

hr.

You

ll

find it s so.

I

m not talking at

random,

s

I

a

ve

recollected. )emi. r

au.

kmi.

Are you sane. Mercy on us, see that you don She isn t one.

t

wrong a kinswoman.

)emi.

Don t be so sure. Her father s name was given wrongly that s why you mistook. She didn t know her own father?

hr.

(testily)

)emi.

Why

hr.

:

hr.

Knew him? Yes. did she give a wrong name? (aside to Demipho) Will you never give in?

Won t

you understand? D

91

FUBLIUS TERENTIUS AFER neque intelleges? Demi.

si

tu nil narras?

Chr.

\au. Demi,

perdis.

miror quid

equidem hercle

viii scire ?

Chr.

ut propior

illi

siet.

nescio.

me servet luppiter, ac tu nemost.

at ita

quam ego sum

Demi.

di

vostram fidem,

eamus ad ipsam una omnis nos aut scire aut nescire :

hoc

volo.

ah.

Chr.

Demi,

810

quid est? itan

Chr.

parvam mihi fidem esse apud te! vin

Demi.

mi

vin satis quaesitum

me

istuc esse ? age,

credere?

fiat,

quid ?

ilia filia

amid

nostri quid futurumst

hanc

Demi. Chr.

igitur

mittimus?

quid ni?

Demi.

ilia

maneat?

Chr.

sic.

ire igitur tibi licet, Nausistrata.

Demi.

Nau.

?

recte.

Chr.

sic

pol commodius

esse in omnis arbitror

quam

ut

coeperas,

manere hanc; nam

perliberalis visast,

quom

vidi,

mihi.

Demi,

quid istuc negotist? iamrie operuit ostium? iam.

Chr.

Demi.

o luppiter,

Chr.

92

PHORMIO )emi. hr.

au. )emi.

hr.

)mi.

When

you talk nonsense ? Demipho) You re ruining me. (suspiciously) I wonder what it means. On my word I haven t a notion. Do you wish to know ? Then, as I hope to be saved. she hasn t a nearer relation in the world than you and me. Heavens, man, let us go and see her then. I should like us all to know the truth together, whichever (aside to

way

it is.

(moves towards his door)

hr.

(catching his sleeve)

)emi.

What

hr.

)emi.

No, no.

the matter? How can you have such little confidence in me? You wish me to take your word ? You wish me to look on the question as settled? (Chremes nods) Very well, so be it. Now that daughter of our friend, what s to become of her?

hr.

That

)emi.

We

s

s all

right.

drop her, eh ?

)emi.

Of course. And keep the

hr.

Yes.

)emi.

Then, Nausistrata, we needn t detain you any longer. On my word it seems to me a more satisfactory arrangement for everybody that she should stop. She seemed to me, when I saw her, to be quite the gentlewoman. [EXIT, ESCORTED BY Demipho TO HER DOOR.

kr.

T

au.

}emi.

other?

(turning to Chremes)

Now what s

all

this?

the door shut?

"hr.

Is

)emi.

Yes.

%r.

Great God! Heaven befriends daughter married to your son.

us.

I

find

my 93

PUBLIUS TERENTIUS AFER di nos respiciunt:

gnatam inveni nuptam cum tuo

filio.

Demi.

hem, quo pacto potuit?

non

Chr.

satis tutust

ad narrandum hie

locus.

Demi,

at tu intro abi.

Chr.

heus, ne filii quidem hoc nostri resciscant volo. Laetus sum, ut meae res sese habent, fratri obti-

Anti.

V.iv

gisse

quod

820

volt.

quam scitumst eius modi in animo parare cupiditates, quas, quom res advorsae sient, paulo mederi possis hie simul argentum repperit, cura sese expedivit; ego nullo possum remedio me evolvere ex his turbis !

quin, si hoc celetur, in metu, sin patent, in probro sim. me domum mine reciperem ni mi esset spes

neque

ostenta huiusce habendae.

sed ubinam

Getam

in venire

827

Argentum accepi, tradidi lenoni abduxi mulierem, curavi propria ut Phaedria poteretur ; nam emissast

829 830

possim ? Phor.

V.v

:

manu. nunc una mihi

res etiam restat quae est conficiunda,

otium

Anti.

ab senibus ad potandum at habeam; hos sumam dies. sed Phormiost. quidais?

Pkor.

nam

aliquot

quid ?

A nti.

quidnam nunc facturust Phaedria ? quo pacto satietatem amoris ait se velle absumere ?

Pkor.

vicissim partis tuas acturus est.

Anil.

quas? ut fugitet patrem. te suas rogavit rursum ut ageres, causam ut pro se

Phor.

diceresr:

PHORMIO ewt.

Powers above

!

how

kr.

It isn t safe to tell

*emi.

Come

indoors then.

Look

here,

kr.

out.

nti.

I

rejoice,

my it is

I

could that be ?

you

wouldn

t

all

out here.

have our sons, even, find

this

[EXEUNT INTO Demipho s HOUSE. ENTER Antipho. considering how things are with me, that

How sensible cousin has attained his object. to cherish such desires that when things go

them right. With him the money he got clear of his anxiety, with me there are no means of dis entangling myself from these troubles if the secret in disgrace. I in fear, if it comes out I is kept I shouldn t be on my way home now but for a glimpse But where can of hope that I may keep my wife. wrong you can

the

easily set

moment he found

:

m

m

Geta? (looking up the street) ENTER Phormio FROM THE OTHER SIDE. (not seeing Antipho) I got the money, paid it to the man, carried off the girl, and saw to Phaedria s getting her for his own, for now she s been emanci I have only one thing left to do, get some pated. peace from the old men for a tippling bout yes, I shall take the next few days for it. There s Phormio. (comes forward) What are you I find

hor.

;

nti.

hor. nti.

hor. nti.

hor.

saying ? What should I say? What does Phaedria

mean to do now ? How does he propose to satiate his passion? He s going to take his turn in your part?

What

part

s

that?

Skulking from his father. He has asked you to He ll be take a turn in his and plead his cause. 95

nam

PUBLICS TERENTIUS AFER potaturus est apud me. ego me ire

senibus

Sunium dicam ad mercatum, ancillulam emptum dudum

quam

dixit

Geta:

me

ne quom hie non videant

conficere credant ar-

gentum suom. sed ostium concrepuit abs

840

te.

vide quis egreditur. Getast.

Anti.

Phor.

Geta

O

V.vi

quam

Anti.

quidnam

Geta

nosque amicos eius exonerastis metu sed ego nunc mihi cesso, qui non umerum hunc onero pallio atque hominem propero invenire, ut haec quae

Anti.

num

Fortuna, o Fors Fortuna, quantis commoditatibus, subito meo ero Antiphoni ope vostra hunc

onerastis diem!

hie sibi volt?

contigerint sciat. tu intellegis quid hie narret?

num tu ?

Phor.

nil.

Anti.

tantundem

Phor.

Geta

ad lenonem hinc

ire

pergam

:

nunc

ibi

heus, Geta

Anti.

!

em tibi

Geta

num mirum

ego.

sunt.

aut novomst revocari, cursum

:

quom

institeris ?

Geta.

Anti.

Geta

pergit hercle.

numquam

tu odio tuo

Geta

vinces.

85C

vapula. id quidem-tibi

Anti.

Geta

me

non manes?

Anti.

iam

fiet nisi resistis,

familiariorem oportet esse hunc

96

:

verbero.

minitatur malum.

PHORiMlO I shall tell the old man away, tippling with me. off to the fair at Sunium to buy the lady s that I maid that Geta told em of just now, else not seeing me here they ll think I running through their money. I hear your house-door on the move. See who s coming out.

m

m

It s Geta.

[THEY RETIRE.

ENTER Geta HURRIEDLY. eta

(soliloquizes)

blessings

O

Fortune,

all in

the head of

my

a

O

best of Fortunes, what help has heaped on

moment your

master Antipho

!

(aside to Phormio) What does the fellow mean ? And off us, his friends, cleared a load of anxiety

But

!

m wasting time in not throwing my cloak over

I

shoulder and hurrying to find him and inform him what luck has befallen him. (as before) Do you know what he s talking about?

my

iti.

kor.

Do you?

ior.

Not a bit. As little here.

ita

I

iti.

m off to the slave-dealer s:

that

s

where they

are.

(starting) iti.

Hi, Geta

?ta

(not looking round)

!

There now

!

*

strange in being recalled after iti.

zta

iti.

?ia iti.

?ta

Geta

Anything new or away is cried?

!

You shall never get over me by Jove by your tiresome ways. Don t you mean to stop ? You be whipped! That ll be your fate, if you don t stop, rascal. He must be very much of the family, he threatens Still at it,

!

punishment, (turns round) The

man

I

m

looking

97

PUBLICS TERENTIUS AFER sed isne est quern quaero an non ? ipsust. dere actutum. AnlL Geta

congre-

quid est? o

omnium, quantumst qui ornatissume

vivont,

homo hominum

!

nam Anil.

sine controvorsia ab dis solus diligere, Antipho. ita velim ; sed qui istuc credam ita esse mihi dici veliin.

Geta

satine est

si

te delibutum gaudio reddo?

Anil.

Phor.

eiiicas.

quin tu hinc pollicitationes aufer et quod fers cedo.

Geta

oh,

tu quoque aderas, Phormio?

aderam. sed tu cessas?

Phor.

Geta

accipe,

ut

modo argentum

tibi

em

:

dedimus apud forum, recta

domain sumus profecti intereamittit erusme aduxorern tuam. quam ob rem? omitto proloqui; nam nil ad hanc remst, Antipho.

8o.

am.

is

her complaint?

A fever. A quotidian? They

say

after you, >o.

Dam. D

ar.

am.

so.

Very

Please go in now,

so.

mother

shan

I

t

be long

dear.

well, dear.

[EXIT INTO

HER HOUSE.

Run and meet the servants,, Parmeno, and help them with the luggage. Well, Sir, I should think they know the way home. (angrily) Go at once. [EXIT Parmeno.] What a cata strophe!

How

to start

upon

it?

How

to begin the

story of this miserable surprise ? Part of it told me, part of it my ears. Oh, it made

my me

eyes rush

When just now I hurried wildly out of the house. in so anxiously, expecting to find wife suffering from a far different complaint from what, alas I

my

!

found, the maidservants catching sight of me at once cried out joyfully, every one of them together, He is come," the very moment they saw me.

The moment

after I

saw a change in the looks of

of them, because chance had timed my arrival so inopportunely. Presently one of them hurried away all

to report that I

I

was come.

followed at her heels.

my

Eager to see

When

I

came

wife

into the

room

I instantly recognized her complaint to my utter misery. They had had no time to conceal it, and she could find voice only for involuntary cries.

When I saw it

Oh monstrous

!

monstrous

!

I

cried

161

PUBLIUS TERENTIUS AFER me

iiide

re

lacrumans, incredibili

atque atroci

percitus.

mater consequitur iam lit limen exieram, ad genua accidit ut puto: lacrumans misera: miseritumst. profecto hoc sic omnibus nobis ut res dant sese, ita magni atque 380 humiles sumus. hanc habere orationem mecum principio institit o mi Pamphile, abs te quam ob rem haec abierit causam vides nam vitiumst oblatum virgini olim ab nescio quo :

est>

:

1

;

inprobo. te atque alios partum ut celaret suom. quoin orata huius reminiscor, nequeo quin

nunc hue confugit, sed

lacrumem miser, quaeque fors fortunast" inquit

nobis quae te hodie obtulit, per earn te obsecramus ambae_, si ius, si fas est, uti advorsa eius per te tecta tacitaque apud omnis sient. si umquam erga te esse animo amico seiisisti earn, mi Pamphile, sine labore hanc gratiam te ut sibi des pro ilia nunc

390

rogat.

ceterum de redducenda id facias quod in rem sit tuam. parturire earn nee gravidam esse ex te solus consciu s aiunt tecum post duobus concubuisse merisibus. turn, postquam ad te venit, mensis agitur hie iam :

n im

septumus quod te scire :

ipsa indicat res.

nunc

si

potis est,

Pamphile,

maxume volo doque operam ut clam eveniat partus patrem sed

atque adeo omnis.

si

id fieri

non potest quin

sentiant,

dicam abnrtum esse 162

:

scio nemini aliter suspectum fore

THE and hurried away

MOTHKR-lN-LAVtf

overwhelmed by such an a such Her mother came incredible, dreadful, fact. I had got to the door when she threw after me. in tears,

herself on her knees, poor woman. I was touched. fact is, I think, that we are all proud and

The

humble according

to our circumstances.

Then she

began addressing me in this strain: O my dear Pamphilus, you see the reason why she left your house. Yes, an outrage was offered some time ago "

my virgin daughter by some reprobate now she has fled hither to hide the consequences from you and the world." Remembering her words I cannot to

:

Whatever chance," she help breaking into tears. went on, has brought you here to-day, by that chance we conjure you, if the laws of man and God allow

it,

before

to

all.

keep her misfortune an absolute secret If you have ever been conscious of any

you in her heart, my dear Pamphilus, she begs you not to grudge her this return for it. As to taking her back or not, you must be guided

affection for

by your own interests. No one else knows that she is with child and not by you. It might be you for all that is known, for it is the seventh month of the union, and of course you know it. Now, if possible, Pamphilus, I am greatly desirous and I am doing

my

best to keep the birth secret from her father and

If they can t be prevented from from everybody. of aware it, I shall say there has been a becoming

miscarriage.

I

am

sure no one will have any sus-

163

PUJ^LIUS TERENT1US

AFER

quhr, quod veri similest, ex te recte eum natum putent.

continue exponetur: hie

tibist nil

in-

quicquam

400

commodi, et

illi

niiserae indigne factam iniuriani

contexeris."

pollicitus sum et servare in eo certumst quod dixi fidem.

nam de redducenda,

id vero

ne utinam honestum

esse arbitror,

nee faciam,

etsi

amor me

graviter consuetudoque

eius tenet.

lacrumo, quae posthac futurast vita

quom in mentem

venit solitudoque. o fortuna, ut numquam perpetuo es bona!

sed iam prior amor

me

ad hanc rem exercitatum

reddidit,

turn consilio

quem ego

missum

operam dabo. adest Parmeno cum pueris in

hac re adesse;

nam

feci:

idem hunc

hunc minumest opus

:

olim

410

soli credidi,

me

abstinuisse in principio, quom datast. vereor, si clamorem eius hie crebro audiat,

ea

ne parturire

intellegat.

aliquo mihist

Par.

hinc ablegandus, dum parit Philumena. Ain tu tibi hoc incommodum evenisse iter?

Sosia

non hercle

lll.iv

tan turn Par.

Parmeno, dici potest reapse navigare incommodurnst.

verbis,

quam

itan est?

o fortunate, nescis quid mail

Sosia

praeterieris, qui

nam 164

alias

numquam

es ingressus mare.

ut mittam miser ias,

unam hanc

vide

:

420

THE MOTHER-IN-LAW looks so like

it, but that the child be at once yours. exposed it will cause you no inconvenience, and you will have concealed I the shameful wrong done to my unhappy child.

picion, since

is

it

It shall

:

3

gave the promise and am resolved to keep my word. As to taking her back I don t think that

would look at all well, and I shan t do it, though my love and the time we spent together makes a It makes me weep to think strong bond upon me. of her life in the future and the loneliness of it. Oh But to Fortune, Fortune, so fickle in your smiles this I have been schooled by my former passion which at the time I deliberately got rid of: I will try to do the same now with this. lie Here comes Parmeno with the servants. certainly must have no hand in the matter, for at the I am time he alone was trusted with my secret. afraid if he stays about here he may perceive the truth. I must send him off on some errand till the !

danger is over, (stands aside) ENTER BEHIND Parmeno WITH Sosia AND OTHERS CARRYING LUGGAGE.

So you say you had an unpleasant voyage. By Jove, Parmeno, words won t express up to the reality of it the unpleasantness of

Bad

as that,

being aboard

ship.

is it?

t know ^vhat evil you ve To say nothing of never going to sea. escaped by a whole month or one: this at look other miseries, 165

Lucky dog, you don

PUBLIUS TERENTIUS AFER dies triginta aut plus eo in navi fui,

quom

interea semper

mortem exspectabam miser;

usque advorsa tempestate odiosum.

ita

Par.

baud clam

Sosia

potius Par.

me est.

quam redeam,

si

usi

sumus.

denique hercle aufugerim eo mibi redeundum sciam.

olim quidem te causae inpellebant leves, quod nunc minitare facere, ut faceres, Sosia.

sed Pampbilum ipsum video stare ante ostium ite intro

ere,

;

ego bunc adibo,

si

quid

me

430

etiam tu bic stas?

Pam.

equidem

te exspecto.

quid est?

Par.

Pam.

in

arcem transcurso opus

est.

quoi bomini?

Par.

Pam. Par.

Pam. Par.

Pam.

tibi.

arcem? quid eo? Callidemidem hospitem una vectust, conveni. mecum Myconium, qui si salvos domum hunc vovisse dicam, perii. redisset umquam, ut me ambulando rumperet? in

quid cessas?

Par.

Pam. Par.

:

velit.-

quid

vis

dicam ? an conveniam modo ?

conventurum non posse, ne me frustra illi exspectet. at non novi bominis faciem.

immo quod

constitui bodie

eiim, vola.

at faciarn ut noveris:

Pam.

magnus, rubicundus, 166

crispus, crassus, caesius,

*40

THE MOTHER-IN-LAW more

I was aboard ship and all the time I was looking forward to death, poor devil the weather was that bad all the voyage through. ;

Par.

Sickening

Sosia

sickening. In fact,, by Jove, I should run away rather than go back home if I were told I must go back there. {sneering) Before now small causes have prompted you to do what you now threaten to do, Sosia. Ah, there s Pamphilus himself standing at fhe door: go you indoors, I ll step across and see if he wants me for anything. [EXEUNT Sosia AND SERVANTS. Still standing here, Sir? Yes, I ve been waiting for you.

Par.

Pam.

I

!

know it was

Par.

What

Pam.

I

Par.

(sulkily)

Pam.

You. To the Citadel ? Why there ? Find out Callidemides with whom I stayed at Myconus and who came over in the ship with me. (aside) Damn You might think he d vowed if he got home safe to make me broken-winded by his

Par.

Pam. Par.

for, Sir?

want

to send a

Who s

message at once to the Citadel.

to go?

!

errands.

Pam. Par.

Pam.

don

Why

t

you

start?

Am to tell him ? him out and nothing more ? No, I had an appointment with him to-day What do you want me

I

can

t

come, to save his waiting for

Away on Par.

But

Pam.

I ll

I

me

I to find

;

tell

him

in vain.

wings.

don

t

describe

know him

the gentleman by sight. you can t miss him: a

so that

tall,

ruddy, curly-headed, burly, blear-eyed fellow with a face like a corpse. 167

PUBLIUS TE11ENTIUS AFER cadaverosa

facie.

Par.

di ilium perduint!

Pain.

non veniet? maneamiie usque ad vesperuin? maneto: curre. non queo: ita defessus sum. quid

Par.

Pam.

si

ille abiit.

quid agam infelix? prorsus nescio

quo pacto hoc celem quod me oravit Myrrina, suae gnatae partum nam me miseret mulieris. quod potero faciam, tamen ut pietatem colam; ;

nam me oportet.

video

:

parenti potius attat

quam amori

eccum Phidippum

horsum pergunt.

obsequi

et

patrem

quid dicam hisce incertus

450

sum. Laches Dixtin dudum illam dixisse se exspectare filium? lll.v

Phi.

Laches

factum. venisse aiunt

tr

:

redeat.

causam quam dicam

Pam.

patri

quam ob rem non redducam? nescio quern ego hie audivi loqui. certum offirmare est viam me quam decrevi persequi. Laches ipsus est de quo hoc agebam tecum. Pam. salve, mi pater.

Laches

Pam.

Laches gnate mi, salve. Phi.

bene factum te advenisse, Pamphile atque adeo, id quod maxumumst, salvom atque validum.

;

creditur.

Pam. Laches advenis

Pam.

modo? admodum. cedo, quid reliquit Phaiiia

Laches

Pam.

consobrinus noster? sane hercle

168

homo

voluptati obsequens

THE MOTHER-IN-LAW Par.

(aside)

Am

Damn him to wait

I

(aloud)

!

What if he doesn t come ?

sunset?

till

Yes, wait: now be quick. Can t be quick I dead tired. [EXIT. He s got rid of. What on earth am I to do? Pam. 1 can t in the least see how to hush it up as Myrrina has entreated me, and as I fain would, for I am sorry for the poor lady. I will do what I can consistently with my duty to my parents, for I ought to respect my father before my love. Ah, here are Phidippus and my father: they re coming I can t think what to say to them. this way. ENTER Laches AND Phidippus. Laches I understood you to say that she was waiting for my son s arrival.

Pam. Par.

Phi.

That

is so.

Laches They

Pam.

m

:

(aside)

tell

me he

What

is

arrived

reason can

I

:

let

give

her come back.

my

father for not

taking her back? Laches I hear some one speaking there. Pam. (aside) I am resolved to declare my persistence in the course on which I have determined. Laches It s the very man we were speaking of.

A blessing on you, father. Laches Bless you, my son. Phi. It is well you are come, Pamphilus, all the more that you are in perfect health, the chief thing of all.

Pam.

Not doubted, Laches Just arrived? Pam.

Sir.

Pam. Just now. Laches Tell me, how much has our cousin Phania left? Pam. Upon my word, Sir, he was a man given to pleasure

PUBLIUS TERENTIUS AFER dum

fuit,

sibi

et

vixit;

heredem

qui sic sunt baud

multum

460

iuvant,

vero bane laudem relinquont

vixit,

dum

vixit,

bene."

Laches turn tu igitur nil attulisti plus una hac sententia ?

Pam. quidquid est id, quod reliquit, profuit. immo obfuit; Laches nam ilium vivom et salvom vellem.

inpune optare istuc

Phi. ille

reviviscet iam

numquam;

et

licet

:

tamen utrum malis

scio.

Laches beri Pbilumenam ad se accersi bic iussit

die ius-

sisse te.

Phi.

noli fodere.

iussi.

sed earn iam remittet.

Laches

scilicet.

Phi.

Pam.

omnem rem

scio ut sit gesta:

advenieiis audivi

modo. Laches at istos invidos di perdant, qui baec lubenter nuntiant.

Pam.

ego fieri

me

scio cavisse

ne

470

ulla merito contumelia

a vobis posset; idque

si

nunc memorare bic

velim,

quam

animo

fideli

et

benigno in illam et dementi

fui,

vere possum, ni te ex ipsa baec magis velim resciscere

;

namque eo pacto maxume apud

te

meo

erit

ingenio

fides,

quom

ilia,

quae nunc in

me

iniquast,

aequa de

me

dixerit.

neque mea culpa boc discidium

evenisse, id tester

deos.

sed quando sese esse iudigiiam deputat, matri meae

170

THE MOTHER-IN-LAW all his

life,,

their heirs

;

and

men

of that kind don

for themselves

While he lived he lived

t

do much

for

they leave one encomium, well."

Laches So you ve brought us nothing beyond that senti

ment ? Pam.

He

hasn

much, but what there

t left

is is

to the

good.

Laches No, to the bad

and Phi.

:

I

could have wished he were alive

well.

You may wish

that with impunity he ll never come to life again now. (aside) I know though which you d like best. :

Laches Phidippus ordered Philumena to be sent over to his house yesterday, (aside to Phidippus, digging him in the ribs) Say you ordered it. Phi.

Don t dig me in the ribs. I ordered it. now he ll send her back. Of course. I know all about it: I was told just now when

Laches But Phi.

Pam.

I

landed.

Laches Confound the mischief-makers news of this sort

who jump

to tell

!

Pam.

I am conscious of having taken care not to deserve any affront from your family, and if I chose to

dilate oil

my

fidelity,

my

kindness,

my

gentleness

do so with truth, were it not that I preferred you should hear it from her own lips, as the surest way of winning credit with you for my disposition, since, though now at variance with me, she will speak me fair. That it is not my fault that a separation has taken place I call heaven to witness. Since she thinks fit not to comply with

to your daughter, I could

171

PUBLICS TERENTIUS AFER quae concedat eiusque mores toleret sua modestia, neque alio pacto componi potis inter eas gratiast segreganda aut mater a me est, Phidippe, aut Philumena. :

me

nunc

pietas matris poti-us

commodum

480

suadet

sequi.

Laches Pamphile, baud invito ad auris sermo mi accessit tuos, te

omnis res postputasse prae parente in t ellego; verum vide ne inpulsus ira prave insistas, Pamphile. quibus iris nunc inpulsus in illam iniquos sim ?

quom

Pam.

quae

numquam quicquam

erga

me

commeritast,

pater,

quod nollem,

amoque

nam

quod vellem meritam scio; vementer desidero. miro ingenio expertus sum,

et saepe

et laudo et

fuisse erga

me

exopto ut relicuam vitam exigat cum eo viro, me qui sit fortunatior, quandoquidem illam a me distraint necessitas. illique

Phi.

tibi id in

manust ne

4-90

fiat.

Laches

si

sanus sies:

iube illam redire.

non

Pam.

est coiisilium, pater:

matris servibo commodis.

Laches

quo abis? ades?

mane, inquam: quo

abis?

quae haec est pertinacia?

Phi.

rem aegre laturum esse eum ? orabam filiam ut remitteres.

Laches dixin, Phidippe, hanc Phi.

quam ob rem te non credidi edepol adeo inhumanum fore. ita nunc is sibi me supplicaturum putat? 172

500

THE MOTHER-IN-LAW mother, not to have respect enough to tolerate her ways, and there is no other possible means of reconciling them, I must, Phidippus, part either with my mother or with Philumena. Now my filial respect urges me to prefer the happiness of my mother. Laches Pamphilus, your words are not unwelcome to my ears, seeing as I do that you have set a parent before everything; but are you sure that it isn t resentment driving you into a wrongful per

my

Pamphilus?

sistence,

Pam.

What resentment

is

there that should

into variance with her?

now

drive

me

She never did anything

could dislike, and I know she often did things wishes I love her, I praise her, I have a I found in her a wonder strong yearning for her. ful tenderness for me and my earnest prayer for her is that she may live out her days with a husband more fortunate than I, since an inevitable force tears her away from me*

that to

Phi.

I

fit

my

It is in

:

your power to prevent

mind were

Laches If your back.

Pam.

That

is

not in

my

right.

it.

her

Tell

mind, father:

I

to

comt,

devote

shall

mother s happiness, (going) Laches Where are you going ? Stop, stay here, I say where are you going? [EXIT Pamphilus myself to

my

:

Phi.

(angrily)

Laches Didn

Phi.

What

t I tell

obstinacy this is! you, Phidippus, that he would take

this affair ill? That s why I begged you to sencJ your daughter back. By heaven, I didn t think he d be so irrational. Does it mean he imagines I shall go on my knee* to hina? If so be he chooses to take back his wife,

175

PUBLIUS TERENTIUS AFER est ut velit redducere

uxorem, licet; animo, renumeret dotem hue, eat. Laches ecce autem tu quoque proterve iracundus es si

sin aliost

f

percontumax redisti hue nobis, Pamphile! Laches decedet iam ira haec, etsi merito iratus est.

Phi.

Phi.

quia accessit vobis paululum pecuniae, sublati sunt animi.

etiam

Laches

mecum

litigas?

deliberet renuntietque hodie mihi velitne an non: ut alii, si huic non est, siet. abiit. Laches Phidippe, ades, audi paucis. quid mea? Phi.

510

postremo inter se transigant ipsi, ut lubet, quaiido nee gnatus neque hie mi quicquam obtemperant,

quae dico parvi pendunt. porto hoc iurgium ad uxorem, quoius haec fiunt consilio omnia, atque in earn hoc omne quod mihi aegrest evomam.

Myr.

Perii,

quid

agam

?

ACTVS IV quo me vortam

?

quid viro

mco

respondebo misera ita

?

nam audivisse vocem pueri

visust vagientis

corripuit derepente taeitus sese ad

quod

me

si

rescierit peperisse earn, id

qua causa clam

habuisse

dicam non edepol scio. sed ostium concrepuit. nulla sum,

174

:

filiam.

50 credo ipsum exirc ad

me

:

THE MOTHER-IN-LAW he may if he is otherwise minded, let him pay back her dowry, let him go his way. Laches There now, now you are perversely passionate. :

Phi.

me

A pretty

obstinate state of mind you ve come back Pamphilus! Laches His resentment will soon pass away, not but what it s a justifiable resentment. Phi. Because you people have had a petty addition to your fortune, you are grown proud. Laches Quarrelling with me as well ? Phi. Let him weigh it and send me word before night whether he will or not, that she may be another s wife if she s not to be his. (going) Laches Phidippus, stop: one word. [EXIT Phidippus.} He s gone. What does it matter to me ? (angrily) Let em take their time and settle it between em as they like neither he nor my son listens the least bit to me, they don t mind a word I I ll carry say. this squabble to my wife, who is the author of all this mischief, and pour out all my vexation on her. in,

:

[EXIT.

ACT IV Myr.

(A quarter of an hour has elapsed.) ENTER Myrrina FROM HER HOUSE. Oh dear, dear, what am I to do, which way to turn ? What answer shall I make to my husband, wretched woman that I am ? I think he heard the child, he went in such haste and without a word to our daughter s room. If he finds it out, what reason to give for having kept it secret I can t for the life of me tell. I hear the door, I believe he s coming out, I undone. 175

m

PUBJLIUS TERENTIUS Phi.

uxor ubi

me

ad

atque eccam

filiam ire sensit, se eduxit foras

video,

:

AFER

quid

ais,

Myrrina

?

heus

:

tibi

dico. Afyr, Phi.

ego tuos sim ? tun virum deputas adeo esse ? nam si utrumvis horum, mulier,

vir

mihine, mi vir ? aut hominem

me

umquam

tibi visus

forem,

non

sic ludibrio tuis factis

habitus essem.

Myr.

quibus

Phi. filia

peperit

:

Myr.

hem, taces ? ex quo ? patrem istuc rogitare aequomst

?

?

ex quo nisi ex illo censes quoi datast nuptum obsecro ? credo neque adeo arbitrari patris est aliter. sed demiror quid sit quam ob rem tanto opere omnis nos celare peril

Phi.

?

at rogitas

!

:

volueris

partum, praesertim tempore.

quom

et recte et suo pepererit

adeon pervicaci esse animo ut puerum praeoptares perire,

ex quo nrmiorem inter nos fore amicitiam posthac scires,

potius

cum

quam illo

advorsus lubidinem animi tui esset

nupta

!

ego etiam illorum esse hanc culpam credidi, quae te est penes.

Myr.

misera sum.

utinam sciam

Phi

mi

in

mentem

de hac re quod locuta cepimus ;

176

ita esse istuc

!

sed nunc

venit es olim,

quom

ilium

generum

530

THE MOTHER-IN-LAW Phi.

ENTER Phidippus. I was going to our daughter s room, she took herself out of doors. There she is,

When my I

Myr Phi

see.

Well,, Myrrina.

What

Phi

A

I say.

doings

?

pretty question. My daughter has been brought to bed. What, not a word ? Who is the father ? that a question for a father to ask

Is

?

Good

whom

do you suppose to be the father except the man to whom she was given in marriage ? I believe so indeed a father cannot think other

gracious, Phi.

Myrrina,

Are you talking to me, my dear husband ? Am I your husband ? do you account me your husband or even a fellow creature ? If you had ever thought me either, woman, you would never have played upon me with these doings.

Myr.

Myr.

wife saw

;

What

wise.

astonishes

me

the extraordinary

is

you have shown to conceal the birth from us and the more so that all is well and the delivery

desire all,

at the right time.

Were you

so

wrong-headed as who you knew the future the bond of friend

to prefer the death of a child,

would strengthen for ship between the families, to seeing the con tinuance of a union which was not to the liking of your fancy ? I positively thought it was their fault

am

when

it is all

yours.

so unhappy.

Myr.

I

Phi.

would to God I were sure of that, but it has just me what you said at the time when we accented him as a son-in-law you said that you I

struck

:

17?

PUBLICS TERENTIUS AFER nam negabas nuptam posse filiam tuam te pati cum eo qui meretricem amaret, qui penioctaret foris.

My

c^uamvis causam

hunc

suspicari

quam ipsam veram

540

mavolo.

PM.

multo prius quam tu Myrrina

scivi ilium

habere amicam,

;

verum

id vitium adulescentiae ; nam id innatumst.

numquam at pol

iam

decrevi

esse

aderit, se

etiam quom oderit. sed ut olim te ostendisti, eadem esse

ego

quoque

nil cessavisti

usque adhuc, ut filiam ab eo abduceres neu quod ego egissem esset ratum. id

nunc indicium haec

res facit,

quo pacto factum

volueris.

Myr.

adeon

me

esse pervicacem censes, quoi mater siem, ammo, si ex usu esset nostro hoc

ut eo essem

matrimonium Phi.

?

tun prospicere aut iudicare nostram in rem quod potes

sit

?

audisti ex aliquo fortasse, qui vidisse eum dicerct exeuiitem aut intro euntem ad amicam. quid turn

postea

?

modeste ac raro fecit, nonne ea dissimulare nos magis humanumst quam dare operam id scire, qui si

nos oderit

nam

si is

?

posset ab ea sese derepente avellere, tot consuesset annos, non eum hominem

quacum ducerem nee virum et quae

178

firmum gnatae. mitte adulescentem obsecro ais. abi, solus solum conveni, peccasse

satis

Myr.

me

560

THE MOTHER-IN-LAW couldn t bear to see your daughter married to a with a mistress, a man who stayed out at

man

night.

Better he suspect any cause than the right one.

Myr.

(aside}

Phi.

That was a Myrrina

;

fact

but

which

I

didn

t

I

knew long regard

it

before you did, as a grievous

it s a thing young men do. I tell you the time will soon come when he will hate to think of

offence,

But the spirit you showed to have shown unceasingly ever since

with you you have set to from him and get your daughter yourself away upset the arrangement which I, yes I, had made. What has happened now lets out what your object it.

start

:

was.

Myr.

Do you

think a mother would be so wrong-headed spirit towards her own child, if she the thought marriage were good for us ? as to

Has

show that

mother the wits to foresee

or judge what heard Perhaps you somebody say he had seen him coming out of the woman s house or going in. What if he did ? If his visits

Phi.

is

this

for our benefit

?

were discreet and occasional, wasn t it more reason able for us to wink at it than set ourselves to know all about it only to make him hate us ? If he could have torn himself away all in a moment from a woman he had know n years and years, I shouldn t have r

thought him human, nor a man of constancy enough to .

marry

my

daughter. of the young man, pray, or of what you Go and have a private interview offence.

No more call

my

179

PUBLICS TERKNTIUS AFER roga velitne an non uxorem si est ut dicat velle se, redde ; sin est autem ut nolit, recte ego consului :

Phi.

meae. siquidem ille ipse non volt et tu sensti in eo esse, Myrrina, peccatum, aderam, quoius corisilio fuerat ea par

560

prospici.

quam ob rem incendor

ira,

esse

ausam facere haec

te iniussu meo.

interdico ne extulisse extra aedis

puerum usquam

velis.

stultior, meis dictis qui parere hanc postulem. ibo intro atque edicam servis, ne quoquam ecferri

sed ego

sinant. \Iyr.

nullam pol credo mulierem me miseriorem vivere nam ut hie laturus hoc siet, si rem ipsam ut sit :

resciverit,

non edepol clam me est, quom hoc quod leviust tarn animo iracundo tulit nee qua via sententia eius possit mutari scio. hoc mi unum ex plurimis miseriis relicuom fuerat ;

malunr, toll am eogit, quoius nos qui sit nescimus pater. nam quom compressast gnata, forma in tenebris

si

puerum ut

nosci non quitast, neque detractum ei turn quicquamst, qui post nosci qui siet ipse eripuit

vi,

possit

;

in digito quern habuit, virgini abiens

anulum. simul vereor

Pamphilum ne

orata nostra nequeat

diutius j

180

quom

sciet

alienum nuerum

tolli

pro suo.

570

THE MOTHER-IN-LAW with him. Ask him whether he wishes to take her back or not. If so be he says he does, give her back if he doesn t, then I have taken the right ;

course for Phi.

my

daughter.

Granted that the unwillingness is really on his side and that you, Myrrina, perceived the fault in him, still I was there and I ought to have been consulted on the prospect. It makes me mad that you have dared to act in this way without my orders. I for bid you to remove the child anywhere out of the house, (turns away) But I am the worse fool of the two for expecting her to obey my commands. I

go in and charge the servants not to removed. will

Myr.

I

let it

be

[EXIT.

do verily believe I am the most miserable woman How he s likely to bear it, if he finds out

alive.

the facts,

is

plain enough,

thing like this has put

how

to

his

change

when a much

him

less serious

in such a passion.

view of it

I

can

t tell.

And

After

all

the crowning disaster if he com to recognize a child of whose father we

these miseries

it s

pels me are in utter ignorance.

was too dark for my and nothing of his was seized that might lead to an identification. It was he seized on something, for he went off with I am afraid too that the ring from her finger. child to tell the

Pamphilus won

t

man by

It

sight,

bring himself to keep our appeal

secret any longer when he knows that another man s child is to be acknowledged as his. [EXIT.

181

PUBLTUS TERENT1US AFER est, gnate mi, tibi me esse suspectam,

Non clam me

So.

IV.

ii

uxorem tuam propter meos mores hinc abisse, etsi ea dissimulas sedulo. verum ita me di ament itaque optingant ex te quae exoptem mi, uti numquam sciens commerui, merito ut caperet odium 580 illam mei. teque ante quod me amare rebar, ei rei firmasti fidem ; nam mi intus tuos pater narravit modo, quo pacto me habueris nunc tibi me certumst praepositam amori tuo contra gratiam referre, ut apud me praemium esse positum pietati scias. :

mi Pamphile, hoc famae arbitror

et vobis et

meae commodum

:

Pam.

ego rus me abituram hinc esse cum tuo certo decrevi patre, ne mea praesentia obstetneu causa ulla restet relicua, quin tua Philumena ad te redeat. quaeso quid istuc con si list ? stultitia illius victa ex urbe tu rus habitatum migres ? hand facies, neque sinam ut qui nobis, mater, male 590 dictum velit,

mea

pertinacia esse dicat factum, haud tua modestia. turn tuas arnicas te et cognatas deserere et festos dies

mea So

causa nolo. nil

iam

mihi voluptatis ferunt: perf uncta satis sum satias

istae res

dum aetatis tempus tulit^

:

iam tenet studiorum istorum. haec mihi nunc curast maxuma, ut ne quoi mea longinquitas aetatis obstet mortem ve expectet meam. hie video me esse invisam inmerito: tempust me concedere. sic optume, ut ego opinor, omnis causas praecidam omnibus ;

THE MOTHER-IN-LAW So.

ENTER Sostrata AND Pamphilus. has not escaped me, my son, that you have a suspicion against me that it was my ways caused your wife s departure,, careful though you are not It

show it. But, as I hope to prosper and be blessed you according to my earnest prayers, I have never knowingly done anything to justify her in to

in

taking a dislike to me.

I

always thought you loved

me and to-day you have confirmed my belief. Your father has just told me indoors how you set me before your love. Now I am resolved to make you a return so that you may know that in my heart a son

s

what

My dear Pamphilus, consider the best course for you and your

affection has its reward. I

wife and for my good name is this I am firmly resolved to go off into the country with your father that my presence may be no bar, and no reason may be left why your Philumena should not return to :

you.

Pam.

Mother mine, what thoughts are these ? You to give way to her foolishness and leave town to settle in the country ? It shall not be, nor will I allow any backbiting enemy to say that the cause was my I couldn t think obstinacy, not your good-nature. of your giving up for my sake your friends and re and all your diversions. have no longer any delight in what you talk of. When I was young enough, I had my full share in them now I have had enough of such interests. What I care most for now is that no one should feel my length of days to be a bar to him or look forward for my death. Here I am, as I see, dis liked, though I don t deserve it: it is time I retired. That is the best way, I think, to cut off all reasons 18*

lations So.

I

:

PUBLIUS TERENT1US AFEK et

me hac suspicione exsolvam et illis morem gessero. me obsecro hoc ecfugere, volgus quod male 600

sine

Pam.

audit mulierum. fortunatus ceteris

quam

sum

rebus, absque

una hac

foret,

hanc matrem habens talem, illam autem uxorem obsecro, mi Pamphile, non tute incommodam rem, ut quaeque est, in !

So.

si

animum induces pati? cetera ita sunt ut vis itaque uti esse ego

mi gnate, da mi hanc veniam, redduc et mihi

quidem nam haeo ;

habet quam Laches Quern IV.iii

existumo,

vae misero milii

Pam. So.

ilia

illam.

cum

te^ istoc

res

!

non minus me male

gnate mi.

sermonem

habueris, procul hinc

stans accepi, uxor. istuc sapere est, qui ubi

quomque opus

sit

ariimum

possit flectere.

quod faciendum

sit

post fortasse, idem hoc nunc

fecerit sic ultro. So.

fors fuat pol.

abi rus ergo hinc ibi ego te et tu me feres. spero mecastor. i ergo intro et compone quae tecum simul Laches ferantur: dixi. ita ut iubes faciam. So.

Laches

:

So.

Pam.

pater.

Laches quid

vis,

Pamphile ?

hinc abire matrem? minume. Pam. Laches quid ita tu istuc ? Pam. quia de uxore incertus sum etiam quid sim facturus. quid est ? Laches quid vis facere nisi redducere? Pam. equidem cupio et vix contineor ;

184

6l

THE MOTHER-IN-LAW for discontent, to clear

Pam.

myself from this you know whom. Pray let

and

gratify

this

common

suspicion,

me avoid scandal of my sex. How fortunate I am in every thing but one, having so good a mother and such a wife !

my

So.

dear boy, can t you put up with one If every unpleasantness, for there s always one ? thing else is as you wish and as I take it to be, my dear, do one thing for me, take her back.

Pam.

Oh,

So.

And

Pray now,

I

m

so

so

am

unhappy! I,

my

son

;

it s

as great a distress to

me

as to you.

ENTER Laches. have been standing within earshot and heard your conversation, wife. It is true wisdom to bend one s mind in the necessary direction. What he would perhaps be obliged to do later on he will now have done of his own free will. With the blessing of fortune. So. Laches Come off to the country then: there you shall put up with me, and I wi&i you.

Laches

I

So.

Honestly

Laches

Go

indoors then and get ready what you want to take with you. Away.

So.

I

Pam.

Father.

will

I

hope

so.

do your bidding.

[EXIT.

Laches Well, Pamphilus? Pam. My mother leave town ? It mustn t be. Laches Why are you against it? Pam. Because I am still uncertain what I mean to do about my wife. Laches What? Wliat do you want to do if not take her

Pam.

back? Indeed

I

desire

it

and can scarcely

refrain from

it,

185

sed

PUBU.US rERENTIUS AFER Don minuain meum consilium: ex usu quod est,

id

persequar:

non credo ea gratia Concordes magis, si redducam, fore. Laches nescias: verum tua re fert nil, utrum illaec fecerint, quando haec

odiosa haec est aetas adule-

aberit.

scentulis.

e medio aequom excedere est: postremo nos iam

620

fabula *

sumuSj Pamphile, senex atque anus." sed video Phidippum egredi per tempus Phi. I V.iv

Tibi quoque edepol

sum

:

accedamus.

Philumena, graviter quidem nam hercle factumst abs te turpiter. etsi tibi causast de hac re: mater te inpulit. iratus,

;

huic vero nullast. Laches

opportune te mihi, Phidippe, in ipso tempore ostendis.

Phi.

quid est? aut quid respondebo quo pacto hoc operiam Laches die filiae rus concessuram hinc Sostratum

Pam.

his

?

?

:

ne revereatur, minus iam quo redeat domum. Phi.

ah,

nullam de

his rebus

a Myrrina haec sunt

Pam.

mutatio

Phi.

mea uxore

:

exorta omnia.

fit.

ea nos perturbat, Laches.

Phi.

Pam.

culpam commeruit tua

dum ne

redducam, turbent porro quam velint. ego, Pamphile, esse inter nos, si fieri potest, adfinitatem hanc sane perpetuam volo; sin est ut aliter tua ista sit sententia,

186

630

THE MOTHER-IN-LAW but I shall not break in upon my resolution. I shall take what course is best. I don t think this will make them any the better friends if I do take her back.

Laches

You can

t

tell.

Anyhow which

difference to you

mother

will

be away.

to the young,

it

line

We

doesn t make any they take, as your

old folks are distasteful

we

should go into the back In short, my boy, we are fit only to play ground. Darby and Joan." But here comes Phidippus in the nick. Let us meet him. (starts to cross the street) Phi.

it is fair

ENTER PhldippUS FROM HIS HOUSE. daughter within) I am angry with you too, Philumena, I can tell you, very angry indeed: your behaviour has been disgraceful. You, though, have some excuse your mother set you on she has none. (to his

:

:

(turns round)

Laches

You come

Phi.

How

Pam.

(aside)

to

at the right

moment, Phidippus.

that?

is

What answer shall

keep

it

make them ? How am

I

I

dark?

Laches Tell your daughter that Sostrata means to retire into the country, so she needn t be afraid to return home. Phi. Ah, your wife has been entirely blameless all It was my wife Myrrina was at the through. bottom of it all. Phi.

(aside) The tables turned It s she that upsets us, Laches.

Pam.

(aside)

Pam.

Provided

I

haven

take her back, no

t to

who upsets them. My own wish, Pamphilus,

matter Phi.

between us should, if

is

that the connexion

if possible,

your sentiments are

different,

remain unbroken: you must take the

child.

1S7

Q

PUBLICS TERENTIUS AFER accipias

puerum. sensit peperisse

Pam. Laches

:

occidi.

puerum? quern puerum? riatus est nobis nepos.

Phi.

nam abducta

praegnas fuerat filia, neque fuisse praegnatem umquam ante hunc a vobis

64-0 scivi

die in.

Laches bene, ita

me

di

ament, nuntias, et gaudeo

natum ill urn et tibi illam salvam. sed quid mulieris uxorem babes aut quibus moratam moribus? iiosne hoe celatos tarn diu

!

nequeo

satis,

videtur factum prave, proloqui. non tibi illud factum minus placet quam mihi, Laches. etiam si dudum fuerat ambiguom hoc mihi, iiunc non est,, quom earn sequitur alienus puer.

quam hoc mihi Phi.

Pam.

Laches mil la

Paw. Laches

tibi,

Paraph ile. hie iam conultatiost.

650

peril.

hunc videre saepe optabamus diem,

quom ex evenit

:

te esset aliquis, qui te appellaret patrem.

habeo gratiam

dis.

nullus sum. Laches redduc uxorem ac noli advorsari mihi.

Pam.

Pam.

vellet sibi pater, si ex me ilia liberos aut se esse mecum nuptam, satis certo scio, non clam me haberet quod celasse intellego.

nunc quom eius alienum a me esse animum sentiamnee conventurum inter nos posthac arbitror,quam ob rem redducam? mater quod suasit sua, Laches mirandumne id est ? adulescens mulier fecit, censen te posse reperire ullam mulierem, viri? quae careat culpa? an qui non delincunt 188

660

THE MOTHER-IN-LAW Pam.

(aside)

Caches Child?

He knows What

of the birth

!

Damnation

child?

We

have a grandson born. My daughter was with when she was removed from your house, though till this very day I never knew it. Laches Good new s, as I hope to be saved! I rejoice that But it s born and that your daughter does well. what sort of lady is your wife ? Rather a strange disposition, eh? It s odd we should have been kept in I can hardly express my the dark all this time. Phi.

child

r

Phi.

sense of the impropriety. I am every bit as much displeased with her conduct

Pain.

(aside)

as

you

are,

my

Even

good friend. had any hesitation before

if I

I

have

none now, since she brings with her another man

s

child.

Laches

You have no longer any room

for choice, Pamphilus.

Confound it all Laches This is a day we often prayed to see, when you should have a child of your own to call you father. It s come, and I thank heaven for it. Pam. (aside) There s an end of me Laches Take back your wife and don t set yourself against me. Pam. Father, if she had desired to have a child by me or to remain as my wife, I am perfectly sure she would never have concealed from me what I perceive she Pam.

(aside)

!

!

has kept dark. Now, feeling as I do that her heart is estranged from me- -what s more, I don t think we shall ever agree- -why should I take her back? Laches She was quite under her mother s thumb she s very young, remember; anything strange in that? You ;

t think you can find any woman quite free from blame, do you ? or any men that don t sin at times? 18P

don

PUBLIUS TERENTIUS AFER Pki.

vosmet videte iam. Laches et tu Pamphile, remissan opus sit vobis^ redductan domum: neutra in re vobis difficultas a me erit. uxor quid faciat, in manu non est mea. sed quid faciemus puero?

Laches

ridicule rogas:

quidquid futurumst, huic suom reddas ut alamus nostrum.

Pam.

scilicet,

670

quern ipse neglexit pater,

ego alam? Laches

quid dixti ? eho an non alemus, Pamphile ? prodemus quaeso potius? quae haec amentiast? eiiim vero prosus iam tacere non queo;

nam

cogis ea quae nolo ut praesente hoc loquar. ignarum censes tuarum lacrumarum esse me? aut quid sit id quod sollicitere ad hunc modum? primum hanc ubi dixti causam, te propter tuam matrem non posse habere hunc uxorem domi, pollicitast ea se concessuram ex aedibus. nunc postquam ademptam hanc quoque tibi causam

680

vides,

puer quia clam te est natus, nactus alteram es. erras, tui animi si me esse ignarum putas. aliquando tandem hue animum ut adiungas tuoin, quam longum spatium amandi amicam tibi dedi sumptus quos fecisti in earn quam animo aequo !

tuli!

egi atque oravi tecum uxorem ut duceres, tempus dixi esse iiipulsu duxisti meo. :

quae turn obsecutus mihi fecisti ut decuerat. nunc animum rursum ad meretricem adduxti tuom: cui tu obsecutus facis huic adeo iniuriam. nam in eandem vitam te revolutum deiiuo 90 1

690

THE MOTHER-IN-LAW Phi.

between you, Laches, and you, Pamphilus, whether you require her to be left with us or taken You will find on my side no obstacle to back. Settle

it

What my wife does, that I shall we do with the child *

either course. help.

Laches

Pam.

can

t

But what

An

absurd question Whatever course surrender the child to bring up our own. !

(forgetting himself) When its it, am I to bring it up?

s

done, you must

its

oi

father for us to

own father has slighted

last words) What do you say? What, boy? Are we notT to bring it up? Pray, shall we abandon it? W hat madness is all this? Upon my word I can hold my tongue no longer; you compel me to say what I am unwilling to say

Laches (hearing only the

your father-in-law s presence. Do you think I m not the man to know what your tears mean ? or why you are upset in this fashion? When you first alleged it was for your mother s sake you couldn t keep your wife at home, she promised to leave the in

house.

Now, when you

see yourself deprived of

this pretext even, the child s birth being kept secret You are in has enabled you to hit on another.

me ignorant of what s in your In order that you might some day devote yourself to your wife, what a time I allowed you to

error if you imagine

mind.

keep up your amour

The money you spent on

!

it,

urged and entreated you to marry, I said it was time you did: at my in stigation you married. In complying with my wishes then you did as became you, now your heart is gone back to your mistress, and your compliance with her is a grievous insult to your wife. Yes, I see that you ve slid back again into your former life.

how patiently

I

bore

it

f

I

[91

PUBLICS TERENTIUS AFER video esse.

mene ?

Pam. Laches

te ipsum et facis iniuriam : confingis falsas causas ad discordiam, ut cum ilia vivas, testem hanc quom abs te amoveris. :

sensitque adeo uxor nam ei causa alia quae abs te abiret? ;

fuit,

quam ob rem

plane hie divinat: iiam id istorum mihi.

Phi.

Pam.

dabo

ius

iurandum

Laches

Pam.

ah,

redduce uxorem, aut quam ob rem non opus non est nunc tempus.

Laches

puerum in culpa

Pam.

est.

nil esse

non

est: post

accipias; iiam

is

sit

cedo.

quidem

de matre videro.

700

omiiimodis ego miser sum nee quid agam scio: tot me iiunc rebus miserum concludit pater. abibo hinc, praesens quando promoveo parum. nam puerum iniussu credo non toilet meo, praesertim in ea re quom sit mi adiutrix socrus.

Laches fugis? hem, nee quicquam certi respondes mihi ? num tibi videtur esse apud sese? sine: puerum, Phidippe, mihi cedo ego alam. :

Phi.

maxume. non mirum fecit uxor, si hoc aegre tulit: amarae mulieres sunt, non facile haec ferunt. propterea haec irast id ego hoc praesente

;

nam

ipsa narravit mihi.

tibi nolueram dicere, neque illi credebam primo: nunc verum palamst. nam omnino abhorrere animum huic video a nuptiis.

Laches quid ergo agam, Phidippe? quid das consili? Phi.

quid agas? censeo:

192

meretricem hanc primum adeundam

710

THE MOTHER-IN-LAW I have ? Laches Yes, you, and you act wickedly. You concoct false pretexts for a quarrel that you may live with your mistress as soon as you have cleared your wife s observation of it from your path. Yes, and your wife has noticed it: what other reason had she for

Pam.

leaving you ? He has the seer s eye: what he says is the fact. I ll take my oath it was none of these things. Pam. Laches So? Then take your wife back or else tell us why

Phi.

you can

t.

a convenient moment. Laches Take the child he at any rate is not to blame. I will see about the mother later on. Pam. (aside) Wretched every way, and I can t tell what to

Pam.

It isn t

;

do, wretchedly

matters.

hemmed in by my father at

be

I ll

points.

many

presence doesn t* help think he ll acknowledge the child

don t me,

I

so

my

as

off,

in defiance of

especially as

mother-in-law will back

on that point

my

me

up. (going) and no definite answer for

Laches Running away? What? me ? [EXIT Pamphilus.] Do you think he s in his right mind? Never mind him. As to the child, Phidippus, give Phi.

it

to

me

;

will

I

bring

it

up.

don t wonder the wife was vexed women are bitter on this point and don t easily put up with such things. This is the reason of her resentment she told me about it herself. I shrank from telling you in your son s presence in fact at

By

all

means.

I

:

;

;

now

the truth is out. I see he is utterly set against married life. Laches What s my course then, Phidippus? What do you first I

didn

t believe her,

but

suggest ? Phi.

Let

me

see.

I

think

we had

better

first

go

to the

193

PUBLIUS TERENTIUS AFER oremus, accusemu r , gravius denique minitemur, si cum illo habuerit rem postea. Laches faciam ut mones. eho puere, curre ad Bacchidem

hanc vicinam nostram: hue evoca verbis meis. at te oro porro in hac re adiutor sis inihi. Phi.

720 ah,

iam dudum dixi idemque nuiic dico, Laches manere adfinitatem hanc inter nos volo, si ullo modo est ut possit quod spero fore,

:

:

sed vin adesse me una, dum istam convenis? Laches immo vero abi, aliquam puero nutricem para.

ACTVS V Bacchis

Nun hoc de ventam

quod Laches

nihilost,

me nunc

con-

esse expetit;

me multum fall it, quin quod suspicor sit quod velit. Laches videndumst ne minus propter iram hinc inpetrem nee pol

quam possiem, aut ne quid faciam plus, quod minus satius

me

post fecisse

sit.

adgrediar. Bacchis, salve. Bacchis salve, Laches. credo edepol te Laches

non

nil mirari, Bacchis,

quid sit quapropter te hue foras puerum evocare iussi. Bacchis ego pol quoque etiam timida sum, quoin venit in mentem quae sim, ne nomen mihi quaesti obsiet; nam mores facile tutor.

Laches

vera dicis, nil tibi est a me pericli, mulier nam ea aetate iam sum, ut non siet peccato si

;

mi 194

igiiosci

aequom

:

730

THE MOTHER-IN-LAW woman.

Let us appeal to her, expostulate with her, necessary threaten her pretty hotly, if she has anything more to do with him. Laches I will follow your advice, (goes to his door) Boy, boy! [ENTER A PAGE.] Run across to Bacchis s over there, ask her in my name to come out here. [EXIT if

PAGE.] But I must beg you still to back me up. Ah, my friend, I said before, and I now repeat it, I want our connexion to continue if it s anyway You don t want me to possible, and I hope it will. be present at your interview with this person ? Laches Oh no: go away and find a nurse for the child. Phi.

[EXIT Phidippus.

ACT V (A few minutes have elapsed. Laches on the stage.} ENTER Bacchis WITH ATTENDANTS AT A DISTANCE. Bacchis (to her maid} It s not for nothing Laches has begged me to come and see him, and on my word I m much mistaken if I don t guess his object. Laches (aside) I must take care that anger doesn t make me gain less than I might or do some foolish thing I I will approach should afterwards be sorry for. (advances) Good day, Bacchis. day, Laches. Laches I can well suppose you wonder what made me tell the boy to ask you to come out here and see me. Bacchis I assure you I too have some fears, remembering what I am, that the name of my profession may her.

Bacchis

Good

prejudice you against

me my conduct I can entirely :

justify.

Laches

My

good woman, if you speak the truth you are in no danger from me. I am now of an age when a fault cannot expect forgiveness, and so I habitually

PUBLIUS TERENTIUS AFER ne temere faciam adcuro. bonas quod par est facer e iiiscitum ofterre iniuriam tibi inmerenti iniquom est. Bacchis est magnam ecastor gratiam de istac re quod tibi

quo magis omnis

res cautius

nam si id facis facturave

habeam

nam mi [Caches

es,

:

740

;

qui post factam iniuriam se expurget,

parum

prosit.

sed quid istuc est ? meum receptas filium ad te Pamphilum. ah.

Bacchis

Laches sine dicam

hanc prius quam duxit, vostrum

hie

:

amorem pertuli. mane nondum etiam

dixi id

:

runic

uxorem

quaere alium pus est

liabet

tibi

quod

hie

te volui.

:

firmiorem aniicum,

dum

tibi tern-

;

nam neque

hoc animo

ille

erit

aetatem neque pol

ista aetas tibi.

Bacehis Laches

quis id ait ? socrus.

mene

Bacchis

Laches

?

te ipsam et filiam abduxit suam, earn rem clam voluit, natus qui est, :

puerumque ob

extinguere. Bacchis alid si scirem qui firmare

meam apud

vos possem

fidem, sanctius quam ius iurandum, id pollicerer tibi, Laches, segregatum habuisse uxorem ut duxit a me Pam

philum. Laches lepida es. sed scin, quid volo potius socles facias

?

Bacchis quid? cedo. Laches eas ad mulieres hue intro atque istuc ius iurandum

item polliceare illis. crimine expedi. 196

exple

animum

eis

teque hoc

750

THE MOTHER-IN-LAW employ such caution as may avoid a rash act. If you act or mean to act as good women should, to offer you any blundering insult when you don t deserve it would be unjust. \jacchis I do assure you that for that I am sincerely grateful to you an apology after an insult would not be much use to me. What is it that you wish ? Laches You receive visits from my son Pamphilus. ;

Bacehis Ah me

Laches (interrupting) Please let married I put up with interrupt)

One moment

this. ;

I

Before he speak. (Bacchis is about to

haven

t

yet told you

what I wanted with you. He is now married. Look out for some friend who will stick closer to He won t be of the same you before it is too late. mind all his life, and you won t always be as young as

you

are.

Whose

story is that ? Laches His mother-in-law s. Bacchis About me ? Laches No other, and she has carried off her daughter and she wished on this account privately to make away with the child that is born. Bacchis If I knew any other means of strengthening your belief in my word, anything more sacred than an oath, I would promise to take it to assure you that ever since Pamphilus married I have kept him at a distance. Laches You are a good girl, but do you know what I d still sooner have you do if you don t mind ? Bacchis What ? Tell me. Laches Go and visit the women here and promise them as

Bacchis

well to take this oath. Satisfy their minds and clear yourself of the accusation. 197

PUBLIUS TERENTIUS AFER Bacchis faciam,

quod

pol,

si

esset alia ex hoc quaestu,

baud

faceret, scio,

ut de tali causa nuptae mulieri se ostenderet. sed nolo esse falsa fama gnatum suspectum tuom, nee leviorem vobis, quibus est minume aequom,

eum

viderier

inmerito nam meritus de ut commodem. ;

me

est,

quod queam

Laches facilem benivolumque lingua tua iam didit

me

tibi

ilii

760

red-

:

nam non

sunt solae arbitratae haec ; ego quoque etiam credidi. nunc quam ego te esse praeter nostram opinionem comperi,

eadem ut

fac

sis

porro

:

nostra utere amicitia, ut

voles,

reprimam me, ne aegre quicquam

aliter si facias

ex

me

audias.

verum hoc

te

moneo unum, amicus

qualis sim aut

quid possiem potius

quam

Phi.

V.

ii

inimicus, periclum facias. Nil apud

me

tibi

defieri patiar,

sed

quom

quin benigne quod opust praebeatur. tu satura atque ebria es, puer ut satur

sit facito.

Laches noster socer, video, venit: puero nutricem adducit. Phidippe, Bacchis deierat persancte. haecine east? Phi.

haec

Laches Phi.

est.

nee pol istae metuont deos neque eas respiccre decs

opinor. Racchis ancillas dedo

198

:

quolubet cruciatu per

me

exquire.

770

THE MOTHER-IN-LAW Bacchis

I

do what on

will

woman

of

that

mean

;

I

my

my word

there isn

t

anothei

m

sure of profession that would, I show herself before a married woman

But I don t like your son to be under suspicion because of a baseless story, 01 to appear to his parents, the last persons to whom he should so appear, to be deficient in principle. He has deserved at my hands anything I can do

for

such a purpose.

for his convenience. Laches Well inclined and well disposed to you

is what your remarks have made me. I must own the women were not alone in their opinion, I shared Now I have found you quite different it myself. from my expectation, and I hope you will continue In that case you shall make such use of to be so. If you act other our friendship as you choose. wise no, I will restrain myself and say nothing that might vex you. My one piece of advice to

Phi.

Laches

you is to try my character and my power rather as your friend than as your enemy. ENTER PhldippUS WITH A NURSE. (to the Nurse) I shall see that you want for nothing in my house and have a bountiful supply of all that is But when you have had your fill of necessary. eating and drinking, mind the child too is satisfied. ^.XIT NURSE. [CONDUCTS THE NURSE TO HIS DOOR. I

see

my son s father-in-law. He s bringing a nurse

Phidippus, Bacchis takes her solemn oath that it isn t true. Is this she? Phi. Laches This is she. Phi. On my word such women have no fear of heaven, and heaven, I think, has no regard for them. Bacchis Here are my maidservants I give you leave to use 199 for the child.

;

liaec

PUBLICS TERENTIUS AFER res hie agitur: Pamphilo me facere ut

redeat

uxor oportet

:

quod

si

perficio,

non paenitet

me

fainae,

solam fecisse id quod aliae meretrices facere fugitant. Laches Phidippe, nostras mulieres suspectas fuisse falso nobis in reapse invenimus porro hanc mine expe:

riamur.

nam

si

compererit crimini tua falso credidisse, faciet; sin ut est ob earn rem iratus

missam iram

gnatust, quod peperit uxor clam, id levest ira abscedet.

hac re

in

profecto

nil malist,

:

cito

quod

780

ab eo haec sit

discidio

dignum. Laches

velim quidem hercle. exquire adest

Phi.

quid mi

Phi.

:

istaec narras

?

quod satis sit, faeiet ipsa. an quia non tute ipse dudum :

audisti,

de hac re animus meus ut

sit,

Laches?

illis

modo

explete animum.

Laches quaeso edepol, Bacchis, quod mihi es pnllicita tute ut serves.

BaccMs ob earn rem vin ergo Laches

i,

iritro

exple

earn ?

animum

eis,

coge ut credant.

Bacchis eo, etsi scio pol eis fore meum conspectum invisum hodie. nam nupta meretrici hostis est, a viro ubi segregatast.

Laches at haec amicae erunt, ubi

quam ob rem

adveneris

resciscent n#*u illas errore et te simul suspicione exsolves. me sequimini intro hue Bacchis peiii, pudet Philumenae. :

ambae.-

200

790

THE MOTHER-IN-LAW any torture on them in your inquiry. Our present business is this: I have to make Pamphilus s wife return to him if I succeed I have nothing to regret in the reputation of standing alone as having done what other women of my class studiously avoid. :

Laches Phidippus, we have discovered by actual proof that we suspected our wives without a cause let us now go on to test Bacchis. If your wife finds out that she had no cause for believing the accusation, she will drop her resentment. If the cause of my son s resentment is, as it is, the secrecy of the delivery, that s a trifle his resentment on that account will soon fall from him. Clearly there is no mischief in the matter to justify a divorce. :

;

m

sure

Phi.

I

Laches

Make your you

hope

I

so.

examination; here she

is;

she will give

satisfaction.

Why

me?

Surely you heard from my on the matter; it is only the women you two have to satisfy. [EXIT. Laches Now, Bacchis, I beg you to keep the promise you Phi.

own

all this

lips

to

what

is

my mind

made me. Bacchis You wish me to go in with that object? Laches Yes, go and satisfy them, compel them to believe. Bacchis I go then, though I know they will absolute!} loathe In the circumstances we are the sight of me. natural enemies. Laches No, no, they will be friendly enough when they find out the object of your visit, for by freeing

them from

their mistake

suspicion.

Bacchis

Oh

dear, dear,

lumena.

I

m

you

ashamed

will free yourself from

to appear before Phiwith me. [EXIT WITH HER MAIDSERVANTS. 201

Come you two

PUBLIUS TERENTIUS AFER Laches quid est mihi quod malim quam quod huic intellego evenire, ut gratiam ineat sine suo dispendio et mihi prosit? nam si est ut haec nunc Pamphilum vere ab se segregarit, scit sibi

nobilitatem ex ea re natam et gloriam esse unaque nos sibi opera amicos

feret gratiam eius

iunget.

Par. V.iii

Edepol lie meam erus esse operam deputat parvi preti, 800 qui ob rem nullam misit, frustra ubi totum desedi diem,

Myconium hospitem dum expecto

in arce Callide-

midem. itaque ineptus hodie dum illi sedeo, ut quisque venerat, accedebam adulescens, die dum mihi quaeso, es tu Myconius? f *non." at Callidemides ? nonsum." hospitem :

ecquem Pamphilum omnes iiegabant: neque eum quem-

hie habes?

quam

esse arbitror.

deiiique hercle

iam pudebat:

abii.

sed quid Bac-

chidem ab nostro adfine exeuntem video ? quid huic hie est rei?

Bacchis Parmeiio, opportune te offers

:

propere curre ad

Pamphilum. Par. quid eo? die Bacchis Par. Bacchis

me

orare ut veniat.

ad te?

immo ad Philumenanx

THE MOTHER-IN-LAW Laches Could anything be better for me than what I per ceive is going to be the result for Bacchis, gaining favour at no cost and doing me a service ? If it is really a fact that she has actually all this time left Pamphilus at a distance, she knows that it will redound to her credit, even to her glory. She will win gratitude on that account and at the same time link us to her in friendship [EXIT.

ACT VI (Half an hour has Par.

elapsed.)

ENTER Parmeno OUT OF TEMI-ER. Upon my word my master doesn t think my labour worth much, sending me this way on a fool s errand, where I ve been loitering the whole day for nothing, waiting in the Citadel for his friend Callidemides from Myconus. So as I sat there gaping like a fool, if anyone appeared, up I w ent to him Sir," says I, fplease are you from Myconus? No/ says he. Not Callidemides ? say I. No," Have you a friend here named Pam says he. r

;

"

Everybody said no, in fact I don t believe any such man. At last, by Jove, I grew ashamed of it and was off. Hollo, why is Bacchis coming from our connexions house ? What s her philus

there

?

s

business there?

ENTER Bacchis.

am

glad to have off to Pamphilus.

Bacchis Parmeno, Bar.

Why

pacchis Tell I ar.

I

met you run :

straight

to Pamphilus?

him

I

beg him

to

come

here.

To you?

Bacchis No, to Philumena.

SOS

PUBLIUS TERENT1US AFER Pat.

quid

810

rei est?

tua quod nil re fert, percontari desinas. nil dicam aliud? Par. etiam: cognosse anulum ilium Myrrinam Bacchis gnatae suae fuisse, quern ipsus olim mi dederat. Bacchis

Par.

scio.

tantumne est? tantum aderit continue, hoc ubi ex te Bacchis :

audiverit.

sed cessas?

minume equidem nam hodie mihi potestas baud

Par.

;

datast

:

cursando atque ambulando totum hunc contrivi diem.

ita

Bacchis

quantam bodie

obtuli

adventu meo laetitiam Pampbilo

!

quot conimodas res attuli quot autem ademi curas gnatum ei restituo, paene qui barum ipsiusque opera !

periit

!

;

uxorem, quam numquam est ratus posthac se habiturum, reddo; qua re suspectus suo patri fuit et Phidippo, exsolva hie adeo bis rebus anulus fuit mitium inveniundis. nam memini abhinc mensis decem fere ad me nocte :

prima confugere anhelantem doniuni sine comite, vini plenum, mi Pamphile," cum hoc anulo: extimui ilico:

inquam

amabo,

quid exanimatus obsecro es? unde anulum istum nactu s? die

mi."

ille alias

res agere se simulare.

postquam

id video,

nescio quid suspicarier, magis coepi instare ut dicat. homo se fatetur vi in via nescio quam compressisse,

204

820

THE MOTHER-IN-LAW Par.

What s

the matter?

Bacchis Nothing to do with you, don t be inquisitive. Par. Is that all I am to say ? Bacchis No, tell him Myrrina has recognized as her daugh ter s the ring he gave me some time ago. Par. I know. Is that all?

Bacchis That

s all.

him Par.

that.

(sulkily)

I

He ll be here in no time when you tell Why are you loitering ?

m not loitering at

all.

never had a chance of

day, everlastingly running and walking, that s the day I ve had of it. [EXIT. it all

Bacchis

What happiness my what blessings cleared

away

women

s

I

!

visit has secured to Pamphilus, has brought and what troubles give him back a child who by the

it

own was within an ace of him a wife with whom he never expected to live again I have freed him from what made his father and Phidippus look askance at him; and all these good things come from the For I remember about ten months ago just ring. after dark he came running out of breath to my house, all by himself and far gone in wine, with this doing and his

destruction;

I

restore

;

Struck with alarm, My dear Pamphilus," I cried, for heaven s sake what has put you into this excited state? Where did you get that ring from? ring.

Tell

me."

He made

Seeing this made

me

as if

a

he weren

t

attending

little suspicious,

was more urgent with him to tell me. UD to having had an adventure in the

and so

I

He owned street with a

205

PUBLIUS TERENTIUS AFER dicitque sese illi aiiulum, dum luctat, detraxisse. eum haec cognovit Myrrina, in digito modo me

830

habente. rogat unde

sit

:

narro omnia haec

:

inde est cognitio

facta,

Philumenam compressam hunc natum.

esse ab eo et filium inde

haec tot propter me gaudia illi contigisse laetor etsi hoc meretrices aliae nolunt ; neque enim est in rem nostram ut quisquam amator nuptiis laetetur. verum ecastor numquam animum quaesti gratia ad malas adducam :

partis.

ego

illo

dum licitumst usa sum benigno et lepido et comi.

incommode mihi at pol

Pam. V. iv

me

nuptiis evenit, factum fateor: ne id merito mi eveniret.

fecisse arbitror,

multa ex quo fuerint commoda, eius incommoda aequomst ferre. Vide, mi Parmeno, etiam sodes, ut mi haec certa et clara attuleris,

ne me in breve conlicias tempus gaudio hoc Par.

falso frui.

visumst.

Pam.

certen ?

Par.

certe.

deus sum,

Pain.

si

hoc

itast.

verum rep cries.

Par.

Pam.

mane dum

Par.

maneo.

sodes

:

timeo ne aliud credam atque

aliud nunties.

Pam.

sic te

dixe opinor, invenisse Myrrinam

Bacchidem anulum suom habere. Par.

factum.

eum

Pam.

eaque hoc te mihi nuntiare

quern olim

iussit.

ei

dedi

itane est factum

:

?

840

THE MOTHER-IN-LAW girl from whom, he said, in a struggle he had pulled off this ring. Myrrina recognized it just now on

She asked me where I got it and I told her the whole story. This led to a recognition: Philumena was the girl and the child is her husband s. I am glad to have been the occasion of all this happifiess befalling them. It is not what others of my class would like, for it is not to our interest to have mar riages happy. For my part I vow I will never lei mercenary motives induce me to play a wicked part. So long as I fairly might I found him liberal, charming,

my finger.

and good-humoured. The marriage was inconvenient for me, I admit, but I think I have so acted as not to deserve the inconvenience.

many advantages Pam.

When a thing brings

put up with the disadvantages which it involves, (goes aside] ENTER Pamphilus AND Parmeno. Be sure now, my good Parmeno, be quite sure that

your news

me

is

it is

certain

into a delight

only

fair to

and definite, that

is

else

you may allure

but momentary and

groundless.

am.

Par.

Sure

Pam.

Absolutely ?

Par.

Absolutely.

I

am

Pam.

I

Par.

You

Pam.

Stop now, stop, please I am afraid that I may be believing one thing and you reporting another. Well. What I understand you to have said is that Myrrina has discovered that Bacchis has her ring.

Par.

Pam.

in

ll

heaven

find

it

if this is so.

true. :

Par.

That

Pam.

ring I gave her some time ago, and she told you to report this to me is that so ?

is so.

The

:

207

PUBLIUS TERENTIUS AFER ita,

Par.

inquam.

me

Pam.

est fortunatior venustatisque adeo plenior? eho tu, pro hoc te nuntio qui donem? qui? qui? nescio.

Par.

at

quis

ego

850

scio.

Pam.

quid ?

Par.

nil

nam neque quid

Pam.

enim; neque in

in nuntio

me

ipso tibi boni

sit scio.

egon qui ab orco mortuom me reducem in lucem feceris sinam sine munere a me abirer ah, nimium me in-

gratum

putas.

sed Bacchidem eccam video stare ante ostium me expectat credo adibo.

:

:

Bacchis

Pam.

salve,

o Bacchis, o

mea

Bacchis bene factum et volup

Pam.

Pamphile.

Bacchis, servatrix

mea

!

est.

factis ut credam facis; antiquamque adeo tuam venustatem obtines, ut voluptati obitus, sermo, adveiitus tuos, quo

quemque semper

adveneris,

860

sit.

at tu ecastor

Bacchis

morem antiquom atque ingenium

obtines,

ut unus

omnium homo

te vivat

nusquam quisquarn

blandior.

Pam.

hahahae. tun mi istuc? recte amasti, Pamphile,

Bacchis

uxorem tuam

;

nam nuruquam

ante hunc diem meis oculis earn, quod nossem, videram:

Pam.

perliberalis visast. die

verum. ita

Bacchis

208

me di ament,

Pamphile.

THE MOTHER-IN-LAW Par.

That

Pam.

Who more fortunate than I or more blessed in love Man, man, what am I to give you in reward for

is so, I tell

you. ?

your news? what? what? Par.

But

Pam.

What ?

Par.

Why nothing, for for

Pam.

I

can

t tell.

I can.

you

in the

What? When

I don t know what good there is news or in me either. I was dead and buried and you

brought me back into the light of day, could I let you go off without a reward ? Man, you must think me very ungrateful. Ah, there s Bacchis standing she s waiting for me, I fancy now to at our door :

:

her. Bacc/iis

Good

day, Pamphilus.

O

Bacchis, oh Bacchis All s well arid

Pam.

Pam.

my I

dear Bacchis,

m delighted at

my

preserver.

it.

Your acts make me believe your words. Yes, and you keep your old charm. To meet you, to hear you, to see you come, is a delight always and everywhere.

Bacchis (laughing) Yes, and on my word you keep your old way and character of being absolutely the most winsome man in the wide world.

Pam.

Ha, ha, ha

Bacclds

You were I

couldn

t

!

?

till to-day I had never Quite the lady, I see.

say so before, for

seen her to

Pam.

That from you to me

quite right to love your wife, Pamphilus.

know

her.

Honestly ?

Bacchis Yes, Pamphilus, as

I

hope to be saved. 209

PUBLIUS TERENTIUS AFER Pam.

die mi,

harum rerum num quid dixti meo

Bacchis

patri

?

nil.

Pam.

adeo muttito.

non placet

neque opus est hoc item ut in

fieri

comoediis,

omnia omnes ubi

resciscunt.

hie quos fuerat par

resciscere,

sciunt; quos autem non scire resciscent neque scient. Bacchis.

Pam.

aequomst, neque

immo etiam qui hoc occultari facilius credas dabo. Myrrina ita Phidippo dixit iure iurando meo se fidem habuisse et propterea te sibi purgatum. optumest speroque hanc rem esse eventuram nobis ex

870

:

sententia.

Par.

ex te hodie, quid boni? aut quid istuc est quod vos agitis? ere, licetne scire

non

Pam.

quod

sit

licet.

tamen

Par.

ego hunc ab orco mortuom quo pacto

Pam.

.

suspicor:

?

.

nescis,

quantum hodie profueris mihi

feci

Parmeno,

et ex quanta aerumna

extraxeris.

Par.

immo

neque hoc inprudens

scio,

Pam.

feci.

ego istuc

Par.

satis scio.

ah,

temere quicquam Parmeno praetereat quod facto usus sit?

Pam.

sequere

me

intro,

Par.

Parmeno. sequor.

feci

inprudens

quam

umquam. Cantor

plaudite !

210

equidem plus hodie boni ante hunc diem

sciens

880

THE MOTHER-IN-LAW Tell me, have you said anything of all this to mj father ? Bacckis Not a word. Pam. No, and there s no need to breathe a syllable of it. I have no wish for it to be as in the comedies where everybody gets to know everything. In our case those who might rightly get to know do know those who oughtn t to know shan t get to know

Pam.

:

and shan Bacckis

Pam. Par.

know. you something to make you more ready to believe that the secret s a secret. Myrrina told Phidippus that she had confidence in my oath and consequently you were cleared in her eyes. Excellent, and I hope the issue will be satisfactory

And I

ll

to us

all.

May

I

t

tell

EXIT Bacchis. learn from you, I wonder, Sir, what the good

What have you two

that 1 have done? talking about ? is

been

Pain.

You mayn

Par.

Dead and buried my suspicions. and you brought me back." How was that, Sir ? Parmeno, you don t know how much you have done for me to-day and from what trouble you drew me

Pam.

Still

I

t.

have

out.

Par.

Oh, but

I

do know,

Sir,

and

I

didn

t

act blindly

either.

Pam. Par.

That I m quite sure you didn t. Ah, could Parmeno ever slip doing anything that w as wanted Come indoors with me, Parmeno. By Jove, I ve done Yes, Sir. [EXIT Pamphilus.] more good to-day without knowing it than I ever

(ironically) r

!

Pam. Par.

Mus.

deliberately did before. Clap your hands.

[EXIT.

211

THE BROTHERS

INCIPIT TERENTI

L

.

ADELPHOE

.

ACTA LVDIS FVNERALIBUS

AEMILIO PAVLO QVOS FECERE Q

.

FABIVS

MAXVMVS

P.

EGERE L. AMBIVIVS TVRPIO L. HATILIVS PRAENESTINVS MODOS FECIT FLACCVS CLAVDI FACTA TIBIIS SARRANIS TOTA GRAECA MENANDRV SEXTA M CORNELIO CETHEGO L ANICIO GALLO COS CORNELIVS AFRICANVS

.

.

.

The Brothers by Terence. Acted at the Funeral Games of Lucius Aemilius Paullus which were given by Quintus Fabius Maximus and Publius Cornelius Africanus. Under the management of Lucius Ambivius Turpio and Lucius Hatilius of Palestrina. Pipe-music bass by Flaccus, servant to Claudius. The whole from the Greek of Menander. The Produced in the Consul adapter s sixth Comedy. ship of Marcus Cornelius Cethegus and Lucius Ajiicius Gallus.

C.

SVLPICI APOLL1NAR1S

PERIOCHA Duos cum haberet Demea aduleseentulos, dat Micioni fratri adoptandum Aeschinum, hunc citharistriae sed Ctesiphonem retinet. lepore

captum sub duro ac

frater celabat

amorem

Aeschinus

;

tristi

patre

famam

rei,

in sese transferebat

fidicinam lenoni eripit.

;

denique

vitiaverat

idem Aeschinus civem Atticam pauperculam fidemque dederat hanc sibi uxorem fore. Demea iurgare^ graviter ferre mox tamen ;

ut veritas patefactast, ducit Aeschinus vitiatam, potitur Ctesipho citharistriam.

PERSONAE MICIO SENEX

SOSTRATA MATRON

DEMEA SENEX SANNIO LENO

CANTHARA ANVS GETA SERVOS HEGIO SENEX DROMO PVER CANTOR

AESCHINVS ADVLESCENS

SYRVS SERVOS CTESIPHO ADVLESCENS

MVTAE PABMENO SEBVOS MERETRIX BACCHIS PAMPHILA VIRGO

1

SUMMARY OF THE PLAY BY GAIUS SULPICIUS APOLLINARIS

Demea having two

sons, Aeschinus and Ctesipho, allowed the one to be adopted by his brother Micio Demea was a grim and harsh but kept the other. father, and Ctesipho being captivated by the charms of a cithern-player was sheltered by his brother Aeschinus, who allowed rumour to ascribe the Further he carried off the intrigue to himself. girl from the slave-dealer who owned her. Aeschinus had himself seduced an Athenian lady of scanty means and pledged Himself to marry her. Demea angrily protested against the affair, but on the truth becoming known Aeschinus married the lady and Ctesipho was left in possession of the fiddle-girl.

DRAMATIS PERSONAE MICIO, an old gentleman of Athens.

DEMEA,

brother to Micio, resident in the country

AESCHINUS, son to Demea, adopted by Micio. CTESIPHO, son to Demea. HEGIO, an old gentleman of Athens. SANNIO, a slave-dealer. SYRUS, servant (slave) to Micio and Aeschinus.

DROMO,

servant (slave) to Micio.

GETA, servant

(slave) to Sostrata.

SOSTRATA, a lady of Athens. CANTHARA, an old crone, servant

to Sostrata

PERSONAE MUTAE PARMENO, servant (slave) to Aeschinus. PAMPHILA, beloved by Aeschinus. BACCHIS, a cithern-player.

21?

PROLOGVS Postquam poeta

sensit scripturam

suam

ab iniquis observari et adversaries rapere in peiorem partem quam acturi sumus de se ipse erit, vos eritis indices,

:

indicio

laudin an vitio duel id factum oporteat.

Synapothnescontes Diphili comoediast: earn Comniorientis Plautus fecit fabulam.

Graeca adulescens est, qui lenoni eripit meretricem in prima fabula eum Plautus locum eum hie locum sumpsit sibi reliquit integrum. in Adelphos, verbum de verbo expressum extulit. earn nos acturi sumus novam pernoscite furtumne factum existumetis an locum in

:

1

:

reprensum, qui praeteritus neclegentiast.

nam quod

isti dicunt malivoli, homines nobilis hunc adiutare adsidueque una scribere quod illi maledictum vehemens esse existumaiit, earn laudem hie ducit maxumam, quom illis placet, :

qui vobis univorsis et populo placent,

quorum opera in bello, in otio, in negotio suo quisque tempore usust sine superbia. dehinc ne expectetis argumentum fabulae: senes qui primi venient, ei partem aperient, facite aequanimitas in agendo partem ostendent. industriam. ad scribendum augeat poetae

*18

20

PROLOGUE Our playwright, having become aware

that his

composition is unfairly criticized and that his enemies carp at the play which we are about to present,, will give evidence in his own case and you shall be the court to decide whether the line he has taken ought to redound to his honour or to his discredit. Linked in Death* is a comedy by Plautus turned it into Latin without Diphilus. In the Greek play there is a change of title. young man who in the first act carries off a girl from a slave-dealer. Plautus omitted this incident. Our playwright has introduced it, translated word for word, into his This is the new Brothers." It is for you to play which we are about to present. scrutinize whether in your view this is a theft or the recovery of an incident which was negligently omitted. As for the malignant accusation that our play wright is assisted by men of high rank who perpetu ally aid him with the pen, his enemies may regard it as a bitter reproach, but he himself considers it as a high honour that he finds favour with those who are in favour with all of you and with the country at large, men of whose assistance in war and in the various occupations of peace every one has at his need availed himself and thought no shame. I will not detain you on the plot of the play. Part of it will be opened by the old men who first come on the stage, the rest will appear in the course of the action. See that your candour stimulates the poet s zeal in his calling.

219 u

PUBL1US TERENTIUS AFER

ACTVS Micio

I

non rediit hac nocte a cena Aeschinus Storax neque servolorum quisquam, qui advorsum iverant. profecto hoc vere dicimt: si absis uspiam !

aut

evenire ea satius est

ibi si cesses,

quae

in te uxor dicit et

quae

in

animo cogitat

30

irata quani ilia

quae parentes propitii. uxor, si cesses, aut te amare cogitat aut tete amari aut potare atque aiiimo obsequi, et tibi bene esse soli, sibi quom sit male. ego quia non rediit films quae cogito quibus nunc sollicitor rebus ne aut ille alserit aut uspiam ceciderit aut praefregerit !

!

aliquid.

vah,

quemquaimie homiiiem

animo

in

in-

stituere aut

parare quod

atque ex

me

sit

carius quani ipse est sibi

hie natus

non

est,

!

sed ex fratre.

is

adeo

iam inde ab adulescentia ego hanc clenientem vitam urbanam atque otium secutus sum et, quod fortunatum isti putant, dissimili studiost

uxorern

:

numquam

habui.

ille

contra haec omriia:

semper parce ac duriter se habere; uxorem duxit; nati filii duo: inde ego hunc maiorem adoptavi mihi; 210 ruri

agere vitam

;

40

THE BROTHERS Scene : Athens, a place where four streets meet. On one side the house of Micio, next to it that of Sostrata.

ACT

I

(Time, Early Morning?)

ENTER Mido FROM Micto

HIS HOUSE.

(calling through the door) Storax (after a pause he turns round and advances) Then Aeschinus never !

came back last night after dinner nor any of the servant lads who went to escort him. I am sure it is a true saying that if you are away anywhere or at least slow to return it is better to have happen to you what your wife says at you, even what she thinks in her heart, when she is in a temper, than what indulgent parents fear. The wife, if you are thinks you are after another woman or another woman after you, or that you are at a drinkingparty and making merry, enjoying yourself without I know, what things I her while she is miserable. imagine from my son s not returning, what anxieties late,

me

dread his having caught a chill or broken a limb. Bah! why should a man take it into his head to procure a thing to be dearer to him than his own self? Yes, and this lad isn t my own son but my brother s. My brother s bent has differed from mine right away from boyhood. I have led this easy life of town without a calling and, a thing which men at the clubs call a blessing, without even taking a His career has been the very opposite. He wife. harry

!

I

fallen in the street or

has passed his days in the country, always lived a sparing and hard life, married, and had two sons. 221

PUBLICS TERENTIUS AFER eduxi a parvolo, habui, amavi pro meo;

me

in eo

oblecto, solum id est

me

carum mihi.

habeat facio sedulo

ille

ut item contra

do,

praetermitto, non necesse habeo omnia

pro

meo

iure agere

;

postremo,

alii

50

clanculum

patres quae faciunt, quae fert adulescentia,

ea ne

nam

me

celet consuefeci filium.

qui mentiri aut fallere insuerit patrem aut

audebit, tanto magis audebit ceteros.

pudore et liberalitate liberos retinere satius esse credo

haec venit

quam metu.

mecum non conveniunt neque placent. ad me saepe clamans quid agis, Micio ?

fratri

60

quor perdis adulescentem nobis ? quor amat ? quor potat ? quor tu his rebus sumptum suggeris, vestitu nimio indulges

nimium

nimium ineptus

?

ipse est durus praeter

et errat longe

mea quidem

aequomque

es.

et

bonum,

sententia,

qui imperium credat gravius esse aut stabilius vi

quod

mea

fit

quam

illud

sic est ratio et sic

quod amicitia adiungitur.

animum induco meum

malo coactus qui suom officium

dum

id rescitum

iri

:

facit,

credit, tantisper pavet

;

rursum ad ingenium redit. ille quern beneficio adiungas ex animo facit, studet par referre, praesens absensque idem erit.

si

sperat fore clam,

222

70

THE BROTHERS The

elder of them

I

have adopted.

I

have brought

him up from his childhood, regarded him and loved him as rny own son. In that is the joy of my life,

the one thing I hold dear. I am zealous that he should show the same spirit towards me. I give him money, overlook his peccadilloes, don t feel

compelled to exercise full authority over him In fact, whereas other sons hide their youthful pranks from their fathers, I have trained my son not to keep his a secret from me for if a lad has got accustomed or brings himself to meet his father with falsehoods or tricks, all the more will he so meet ;

others.

In my view honour and gentlemanly feeling are better curbs on a gentleman s son than fear. My brother and I disagree in this, he is quite aHe comes to me perpetually, gainst this view. crying What are you about, Micio ? Why are you bringing the boy to ruin on our hands? Why this licence ? Why these drinking parties ? Why do you pile him up the guineas for such a life and let him spend so much at the tailor s? It s extremely silly of you." He himself is extremely hard, past right and sense, and in my opinion it s a great mistake to suppose that the authority which is founded on force has more weight and stability than that which hangs by the link of friendliness. system, my theory, is this he who does his duty under the lash of punishment has no dread except in the thought of detection ; if he thinks he won t be found out, back he goes to his natural bent. When you link a son to you by kindness, there is sincerity in all his acts, he sets himself to make a return, and will be the same behind your back as to your face.

My

:

223

\

\

PUBLICS TERENTIUS AFER hoc patriumst; potius consuefacere nlium sua sponte recte facere

quam

alieno

metu

:

hoc pater ac dominus interest, hoc qui nequit, fateatur nescire imperare liberis. sed estne hie ipsus, de quo agebam ? et certe is est. nescio quid tristem video credo,, iam ut solet iurgabit. salvom te ad venire, Demea, :

I. ii

gaudemus.

Demea Micio

80

Ehem, opportune quid

tristis es ?

siet,

quid

Demea

:

te

ipsum quaerito.

rogas me^ ubi nobis Aeschinus tristis

ego sim

?

dixin hoc fore

Micio

quid fecit

Demea

?

?

ille fecerit ? quern neque pudet nee metuit quemquam neque legem

quid

quicquam

putat tenere se ullam. nam ilia quae antehac facta omitto modo quid designavit ?

suiit

:

Micio

Demea

quid

nam

id est

?

fores ecfregit atque in aedis inruit alienas ; ipsum dominum atque omnem familiam

mulcavit usque ad mortem eripuit mulierem quam amabat clamant omnes indignissume factum esse. hoc advenienti quot mihi, Micio, dixere in orest omni populo. denique, si conferendum exemplumst, non fratrem videt rei dare operam, ruri esse parcum ac sobrium ? nullum huius simile factum. haec quom illi, Micio, dico, tibi dico tu ilium corrumpi sinis. ;

:

!

:

Micio

homine imperito numquam quicquam iniustiust, qui nisi quod ipse fecit nil rectum putat. 224.

90

THE BROTHERS That s the spirit of a true father, to accustom his son to do right rather by his own inclination than by fear of another,, and that s the difference be tween the parent of sons and the owner of slaves. A man who can t do this should own that he doesn t know how to rule a gentleman s sons. Ah, is that the man I was talking of? It is. He looks a bit glum. I suppose we shall now have the usual scolding. ENTER Demea AS FROM THE COUNTRY. Glad to see you well, Demea. Demea (bluntly) Ah, well met you re the man I m hunting !

up.

Micio

Demea

Why are A pretty

you so glum ? question Asking why I have an Aeschinus on our hands !

m

glum when we

!

Micio

Didn

(aside)

Demea Done

t I

say so ? (aloud) of nothing,

Ashamed

?

What

s

afraid

he done

?

of nobody,

holding himself above the check of law Of his old doings I say nothing what is his last outrage ? !

:

Micio

What

is it ?

Demea Broken

a door-lock, forced his way into a strange house, beaten the owner and all the household All almost to death, carried off the girl he loved. the town is crying out at it as a most scandalous Man after man has told me of it in the business.

on everybody s he wants a pattern

streets, it s

set him. doesn t

if

how

his brother attends to business

thrifty lines ?

and leads

a

in the country on quite other reproaches to him are reproaches to you,

and sober

My

that,

he see

life

you that let him grow debauched. There is nothing more unjust than a man without knowledge of the world he thinks nothing right except what he has done himself. 225 Micio

Micio

Bad enough

lips.

and,

:

it s

(calmly)

:

PUBLICS TERENTIUS AFER Demea quorsum

istuc

?

Micio

Demea, haec male

quia tu,

iudicas.

100

non est flagitium, mihi crede, adulescentulum scortari

neque potare

non

siit

id laudi ducis

iniuriumst

;

potius

non

est

;

fores

neque

si

quod turn

nam

fecisti inopia ?

esset

si

unde

id fieret,

et tu ilium tuom,

faceremus.

nunc

sineres

:

neque ego neque tu fecimus, facere nos. tu nunc tibi egestas haec

ecfringere.

dum

facere,

si

esses

per aetatem

quam, ubi te expectatum

homo,

licet,

eiecisset foras,

alieniore aetate post faceret tamen.

1

1

Demea pro luppiter, tu homo adigis me ad insaniam non est flagitium facere haec adulescentulum ? !

Micio

ah,

me

optundas de hac re saepius tuom filium dedisti adoptandum mihi

ausculta^

ne

:

;

is

meus

est factus

mihi peccat

;

ego

:

quid peccat, Demea,

si

illi

maxumam partem

obsonat, potat, olet unguenta

:

de meo

fero. ;

V

amat

:

dabitur a

modum ubi

non

vestem

erit, fortasse

226

;

argentum,

dum

erit

com-

;

fores ecfregit

est

me

;

resarcietur

unde haec

excludetur

restituentur :

est

fiant, et

:

foras.

120

discidit

dis gratia

adhuc non molesta

sunt.

THE BROTHERS Demea Micio

your

Demea

Micio

And

the point of that observation ? you, Demea, misjudge these matters There is 110 heinous crime, believe me, in a stripling s having an amour or attending a drinking party. (Demea makes a gesture of dissent) No, there isn t, nor in his breaking a door-lock. If neither you nor I did these things, it was our poverty wouldn t let us. Do you now take credit for an abstinence which at the time was due only to lack of means ? It s not just, for if we had had the wherewithal ws should have done the same. And if you were flesh and blood you d allow that son of yours to do it now, while his youth makes it reasonable, rather than have him look forward to tumbling your corpse out of doors and then at a less fitting time of life run riot for all (gruffly) Is that

care.

(furiously) to Bedlam

Good God you re a man to drive one Not a heinous crime for these things !

!

to be done by a stripling ? listen to (stopping his ears) Oh !

me

instead of

stunning me by your perpetual repetitions. You gave me your son to adopt he is become mine it ;

:

he commits an offence, Demea, it s an offence against me, the chief share in the matter is mine. His dinner parties, drinking parties, reeking of He has an amour, I perfumes, are at my cost. shall give him the money so long as it s convenient ; when it isn t, possibly his mistress will shut her

He has broken a door-lock, I ll door against him. send a locksmith he has torn a man s coat, I ll send a tailor. The means for this, thank God, the means I have, and up to now it isn t irksome. To end all, either have done or else name an 22? :

PUBLICS TERENTIUS AFER postremo aut desine aut cedo quemvis arbitrum

:

te plura in hac re peccare ostendam.

Demea Micio

pater esse disce ab natura tu illi pater

Dcmea tun

consiliis

illis,

es, consiliis ego.

quicquam

?

Micio

Demea

si

ah, sicine agis

pergis, abiero.

:

an ego totiens de eadem re audiam

Micio

Demea curaest Micio

ei mihi, qui vere sciunt.

?

niihi

et mihi curaest. verum, Demea, curemus aequam uterque partem tu alterum, ego item alterum nani ambos curare propemodum :

\

30

;

reposcere ilium est quein dedisti.

Demea Micio

all,

mihi

Demea

istic

quid

profundat perdat

iam

si

si tibi

?

ad

pereat, nil

f

me

istuc placet.

attinet

verbum unum posthac

Micio

rursum, Demea, irascere

?

an non credis

Demea aegrest

;

repeton quern dedi

?

non sum

alienus

unum vis curem quom ita ut volo

:

euro est.

;

;

si

obsto

?

em, desino.

et est dis gratia,

iste tuos ipse sentiet

nee

nil

nolo in ilium gravius dicere.neque omnia haec sunt quae dicit tanien

non

nil

molesta haec sunt mihi, sed ostendere

posterius

Micio

Micio

sic videtur.

me

.

:

nam itast homo aegre pati illi iiolui. placo, advorsor sedulo et deterreo,

quom

140

THE BROTHERS arbitrator.

I shall

show that you are the worse

offender in the matter.

Demea Man, man, learn know what it is. Micio

You

to be a father from those

who

are his father by mture, but by design I am.

Design ? You and design ? Micio off. Oh, if you are going on, I Denied (in remonstrance) Is that the way you treat me ? I to hear the same story over and over again ? Micio Demea It touches me. It touches me too. Micio But, Demea, let the concern for it be divided between us, you looking after one and I after the other. Your looking after both is as good as asking back the son you gave me.

Demea

(sneering)

m

Am

Demea No, Micio

no, Micio.

Well, / think

Demea Very w ell

Micio

so.

If that s your pleasure, let him be ruined, it s no concern of ruin and squander, Now if ever again one single wordmine. (interjecting) Again going into a passion, Demea ?

then.

r

Demea Don

t

you take

my word ?

It troubles

Do I ask back the son me his blood is mine.

gave you If I oppose

?

Well, well,

I

one

and I thank God he is a son after That fellow of yours will find out some harsher words against him I won t use.

I

my

:

so

I

do,

heart.

dav

:

(Micio makes a gesture of remonstrance) have done. You wish me to look after

well,

[EXIT.

Micio

something in what he says, but it isn t Not but what these doings annoy me, everything. This still I wouldn t let him see my vexation. to pacify him I must is the nature of the man 229

There

s

:

PUBLICS TERENTIUS AFEH humane

patitur verum si augeain aut etiam adiutor sim ems iracundiae, etsi Aeschinus insaniam profecto cum illo.

tamen

vix

;

non nullam in hac re nobis facit iniuriam. quam hie non amavit meretricem, aut quoi non dedit aliquid

postremo nuper (credo iam omnium

?

taedebat) dixit velle

1

50

uxorem ducere.

sperabam iam defervisse adulescentiam gaudebam. ecce autem de integro nisi quidquid :

!

est,

volo scire atque

hominem

convenire,

ACTVS Sannio

si

apud forumst.

II

Obsecro, populares, ferte inisero atque iniiocenti auxilium :

subvenite inopi. otiose

Aes.

quid respectas

?

:

nunciam

nil periclist

:

ilico hie consiste.

numquam, dum ego

adero, hie te tanget.

Sannio ego istam invitis omnibus Aes.

quamquamst

scelestus,

quam iterum

.

.

non committet hodie um-

ut vapulet,

Sannio Aeschine, audi, ne te ignarum fuisse dicas

morum

meorum

:

leno ego sum. scio.

Aes.

Sannio

at ita, ut usquam fuit fide quisquam optuma. quod te posterius purges, hanc iniuriam mihi nolle 230 tu

1

60

THE BROTHERS earnestly thwart him and scare him off, though even that hardly brings him to human patience. Still,, if I inflamed or even fell in with his passion ate temper, I should surely give him another madman for company. but what Aeschinus does me no little wrong in this matter. His love affairs have been innumerable, and every one of Mr>t

them lias cost a pretty penny. At last only the other day, weary, I suppose, of them all he an nounced a desire to marry. I hoped his hot blood had cooled down and I was delighted. And now, bless us, he starts again. But in any case 1 Miould like to know the facts and for that end to see my He may be in the Piazza. gentleman. [EXIT.

ACT

II

(Half an hour has

Aeschinus had the night elapsed. before carried off the girl to the house where he dined.

He is now bringing her to Micios house and Sannio He enters with Parmeno and the has intercepted him. girl followed by a small crowd.} Sannio

In heaven s name, good people, help an unfortunate and innocent man, assist the distressed.

Don t be afraid, stand just there. Why look over your shoulder ? There s no danger, he shall never lay a finger on you while I am by. Sannio In spite of all the world, I llAes. Rogue as he is, he ll never make the mistake of getting a second cudgelling. You shan t say you didn t Sannio One word, Aeschinus. know my character. I am a slave-dealer. Aes.

(to the girl)

Aes.

(drily) I

Sannio

But

know

it.

as honest a

where.

As

for

man

at that as ever

man was any

your apologizing afterwards and 231

PUBLICS TERENTIUS AFER factam esse,

meum

hums non

faciam.

crede hoc, ego

ius persequar,

neque tu verbis solves umquam, quod mihi

male

re

feceris.

nollem factum

novi ego vostra haec iniuria

ius

:

iurandum

hac

dabitur te esse

indignum,"

quom egomet

indignis

sim acceptus modis. Acs.

abi prae strenue ac fores aperi.

ceterum hoc

Sannio Aes.

i

intro

nunciam

nili facis?

tu.

enim non sinam.

Sannio

accede

Aes.

nimium

istuc abisti

:

hie propter

illuc,

hunc

Parmeno

adsiste

:

;

em,

sic volo.

cave nunciam oculos a meis oculis quoquam demo-

170

veas tuos,

ne mora

innuerim, quin pugnus continuo in

sit, si

mala haereat. Sannio

istuc volo ergo

ipsum

A en. Sannio

experiri.

em,

serva.

Aes.

geminabit

nisi caves.

Sannio Aes.

omitte mulierem.

o facinus indignum! ei

non innueram; verum

in istam

misero mihi

!

partem potius pec-

cato tamen. i

Sannio

nunciam. quid hoc reist ? regnumrie, Aeschine, hie tu possides ?

232

THE BROTHERS saying you are sorry, I shan t care that for it. (snaps his fingers) You may take it from me that I shall go to law for my rights, and it s not words

Acs.

Sannio

will pay for your maltreatment of me. I know your ways: Sorry," you ll say, "sorry; I ll take an oath you re a man it was a shame to wrong like that/ and that when I have been treated in the most shameful way. (to Parmeno) Go on, be brisk, open the door.

What? No regard the door

Aes.

of Micios

(to the girt)

for

what

I

say? (Parmeno opens

house)

In with you straight.

I tell you I won t have it. Stand near him, Parmeno you ve got too much thir Here, stand here close to the fellow. (Par way. meno does so) Yes, that s right. Now take care you never take your eyes off mine, so that, if I nod to you, you may be quick and plant your fist on his

Sannio (getting between her and the door) Aes.

:

jaw that very

instant.

should just like to see him try. (the girl goes towards the door and Sannio clutches her} Aes. There, look out; let go the girl, (nods to Parmeno who gives Sannio a violent blow) Sannio Shameful, shameful! Aes. He ll give you another if you don t look out. (ParSannio

I

*

meno Sannio Aes.

repeats the blow)

Oh, oh I hadn t nodded but !

it s

better to err on that side,

Now

in with you. [EXEUNT THE GIRL AND Parmeno INTO THE HOUSE. Are you a monarch here, AesSannio What s all this? it s

true, (to the girl)

chinus ?

233

PUBLIUS TERENTIUS AFER possiderem, ornatus esses ex tuis virtutibus.

Aes.

si

Sannio

quid

tibi rei

mecumst

Acs.

nil.

Sannio

quid ? nostin qui

Sannio

tetigin tui

Aes.

si

qui tibi magis licet gentum dedi?

attigisses, ferres infortunium.

meam

habere, pro qua ego ar-

responde. ante aedis non fecisse erit melius hie convicium; 180

nam

molestus pergis esse, iam intro abripiere

si

atque

ibi

usque ad necem operiere

loris.

loris liber?

Sannio

sic erit.

Aes.

hominem inpurum! aequam omnibus?

Sannio

o

Aes.

si satis

Sannio

egori debacchatus

es, leno,

audi

sum autem an

si

tu in

vis

nunciam.

me ?

mitte ista atque ad rem redi.

quam rem ? quo redeam ? iamne

Aes.

Sannio

hicine libertatem aiunt esse

iam debacchatus

Aes.

Sannio

desidero.

quicquam?

Aes.

Sannio

sini ?

non

Aes.

cupio, aequi

me vis dicere id quod ad te attinet ?

modo

aliquid.

vah, leno iniqua

Aes.

me non volt loqui.

Sannio

leno sum, fateor, pernicies communis adulescentium, periurus, pestis tamen tibi a me nulla ortast iiiiuria.

Aes.

nam hercle

;

etiam hoc illuc

Sannio

234

restat.

quaeso redi, quo coepisti, Aeschine.

1

90

THE BROTHERS were a monarch, you should have a place

Aes.

(drily) If I

Sannio

to suit your qualities. What have you to do with

Aes.

Nothing.

Sannio

Do you know what

A en.

I

have no yearning

me?

man

sort of

I

am?

for that

knowledge. Sannio Have I laid a finger on anything of yours ? If you had, you d have been suffering for it. Aes. Sannio What greater right have you to detain my

whom Aei.

You

Aes.

You

I

Answer me

bought and paid for?

girl

that.

will find it just as well not to bellow in front of the house. Ay, if you persist in your annoyance, you shall be haled in straight away and be covered with stripes till you re half dead. Sannio Stripes to a free man?

find

ll

it so.

man free men

Sannio Beast of a say

all

!

And

this

is

Athens, where they

are equal!

you have brawled enough, master slave-dealer, so good as to listen. I or you? Sannio Who s the brawler? Aes.

If

now be

Aes.

Drop

that,

come

to business.

What am I to come to? Are you ready yet for me to tell you what concerns you? Sannio Ready? Eager; it must be a fair proffer, though. A slave- dealer and wants me to make no Bah Aes.

Sannio

What

business?

Aes.

Sannio

unfair proffer. Slave-dealer I am, the

youth, raging you.

liar,

Ae*.

Sannio

common

and nuisance

;

still

bane,

/ didn

I

own

t start

it,

of

out

Pugh! that s to come, is it? Please go back to your starting point, Aeschinus.

(sarcastically)

235

PUBLIUS TERENTIUS AFER minis viginti tu illam emisti (quae res tibi vortat male argenti tantum dabitur. Sannio quid ? si ego tibi illam nolo vendere, coges me? Aes.

l)

:

minume.

Aes.

Sannio

namque

id metui.

neque vendundam censeo,

Aes.

quae liberast; manu.

nam ego

liberali illam

adsero causa

nunc vide utrum

Sannio

vis, argentum accipere an causam meditari tuam. delibera hoc, dum ego redeo, leno.pro supreme luppiter, minume miror qui insanire occipiurit ex iniuria. domo me eripuit, verberavit; me invito abduxit

meam

;

homini misero plus quingentos colaphos infregit mihi.

ob malefacta haec tantidem emptam postulat

sibi

tradier.

veruin enim quando bene promeruit, postulat. age iani cupio,

si

modo argentum

fiat

:

reddat.

suom

ius

sed ego

hoc hariolor: ubi me dixero dare tanti, testis faciet vendidisse me; de argento somnium:

ilico

mox;

eras

redi."

id

quoque possum

ferre,

modo

si

reddat,

quamquam

iiiiuriumst.

verum cogito id quod stum occeperis,

res est

:

quando eum quae-

accipiunda et mussitanda iniuria adulescentiumst. sed nemo dabit frustra egomet mecum has rationes :

puto.

236

200

THE BROTHERS Aes.

You gave purchase

Sannio

What ?

des.

Not

at

Sannio

Oh,

I

Aes.

And free

Now

a hundred pounds for her (curse on your You shall have the sum.

!)

If

I

refuse to

sell, will

you force

me ?

all.

was afraid you would. don t think she ought to be

sold, being a a enter that free she is. Yes, plea then consider your choice, getting the money I

woman.

or getting

I

up your

case.

Think

it

over

till I

come

back, {sneering) master slave-dealer. [EXIT INTO HIS HOUSE

Sannio

God men

heaven I don t wonder that outrage drives He tore me out of my house, into Bedlam.

in

!

cudgelled me, carried off my girl in spite of my teeth, showered a thousand blows or more on an

and in requital for these enor demands to have the girl at cost price. (ironically) However in return for all his noble ser

unhappy

creature,

mities he

me, so be it he has a right to be gratified. Come now, come, I am eager for it, if only he would pay me. But I talk like a fool. As soon as I agree to the price he will have witnesses to prove that I have sold her and the money will be moonshine.

vices to

:

pay you before long, come again to-morrow." that I could put up with, provided he does But I face facts when pay, outrage though it is. receive arid pocket must in set my line, you up you Still here nobody will men. from young outrages "I

ll

Even

:

are pay me, so these private calculations mark. the

all

beside

237

PUBLIUS TERENTIUS AJKER Syrus II.

*

ii

s

*^jCAf

Tace, egomet conveniam ipsum: cupide accipiat iam faxo ac bene v \^ dicat secum etiam esse aclum. quid istuc, Sannio, est quod te audio nescio quid concertasse cum ero?

Sannio

certationem cbmparatam, nos fuit:

ego vapulando, sumus. Syrus Sannio

Syrus Sannio Syrus

ille

210

numquam vidi iniquius quam haec hodie inter

verberando, usque

ambo defessi

uXVe^fc-*/*"

tua culpa.

quid facerem? adulescenti morem gestum oportuit. qui potui nielius, qui hodie usque os praebui ? T age, scis quid loquar? pecuniam in loco neclegere maxumum interdumst s **** lucrum. hui, concessisses nunc de tuo iure si paululum, metuisti, adulescenti esses morigeratus, tissume,

hominum homo

stul-

f&Y ^ ego spem pretio non emo. inescare nescis homines, numquam rem facies abi, CA Syrus ^3* Sannio. Sannio credo istuc melius esse verum ego numquam adeo

ne non

tibi istuc faeneraret.

/

i

Sannio

:

220

^^P

;

"*na5>

est

quor passu

quam

\*j*\\

,

,v>

nunc

:

V?C50

videlicet

de psaltria hac audivit id illi nunc dolet ei mihi, alieno, pater eius nili pendit. u Jnam hie prope adesset alicubi atque audiret haec :

llegio

Geta

nisi

facient quae illos aequomst,

haud

sic

Hegio, nobis sitast solum habemus, tu es patronus, tu pater ille tibi moriens nos commendavit senex in te spes ornnis,

!

auferent.

:

te

:

:

si

deseris tu, periimus.

cave dixeris

Hegio

neque faciam neque

Demea

adibo. salvere

me

satis pie

:

posse arbitror

460

Hegionem plurimum

iubeo.

oh, te

Hegio

Demea quid autem

quaerebam ipsum mnior

Hegio quern

neque

Demea quid

fratri

:

salve,

Demea.

?

filius

adnptandum

tuos Aeschinus, dedisti,

neque boni

liberalis functus officiumst viri.

istuc est

?

nostrum amicum noras Simulum

Hegio

aequalem

Demea

?

quid ni

?

filiam eius

Hegio

264

virginem

THE BROTHERS on the remains of that breed there s joy in talk with him.

Hegio

life yet.

I ll

still

among

ENTER HeglO AND Geta IN CONVERSATION. Demea) Great heavens a monstrous Geta can it be so ?

(not seeing

ah

us,

stop to greet him and

!

act,

:

Geta

It s a fact, Sir.

Hegio

That house the source of such an ungentlemanly

Aeschinus, Aeschinus, I swear you ve not trodden in your father s steps. Demea (aside) Obviously he has heard about this cithernIt s painful to him though he s a stranger in girl. blood, the father doesn t care a jot. Dear, dear, I wish he d been by somewhere to hear this. Hegio If they don t take the righteous line, they shan t action!

carry

Geta

Oh

it off

like this.

our hope rests on you, there s no one you are her champion, her father. My old master entrusted us to you with his last breath if you forsake us, we are undone. Don t name it I won t do it I should think myself deaf to the call of affection. Sir, all

else,

:

Hegio

Demea

:

:

go up to him. (aloud, coming forward) best of health to you, Hegio. (coldly) Ah, the very man I was looking for. Good (aside) I will

The

Hegio

day to you, Demea. Demea You were looking for me ? Your elder son Aeschinus, whom you gave Hegio Yes. to your brother to adopt, has acted very unlike an honest man and a gentleman.

Demea

How

is

that

?

You knew our friend and contemporary Simulus Demea Of course I did. Hegio

Hegio

His daughter has been wronged by your

?

son.

265

PUBLIUS TERENTIUS AFER vitiavit.

Demea

hem.

mane non dum

Ilegio

:

quod

audisti,

Demea,

est

gravissumum. Demea an quicquam est etiam amplius ? nam hoc quidem ferundum aliquo Ilegio vero amplius ;

modost persuasit nox amor vinuni adulescentia humanumst. ubi scit factum, ad matrem :

470

:

virgiiiis

venit ipsus ultro lacrumans orans obsecrans fidem dans, iurans se illam ducturum domum. virgo ex eo ignotumst, tacitumst, creditumst. compressu gravida factast mensis decumus est ille bonus vir nobis psaltriam, si dis placet, :

paravit quicum vivat illam Demea pro certon tu istaec dicis ? ;

Ilegio

:

deserit.

mater virginis in mediost, ipsa virgo, res ipsa, hie Geta praeterea, ut captus est servorum, non malus

4-80

omnem

familiam sustentat huiic abduce, vinci, quaere rem. immo hercle extorque, nisi ita factumst, Demea. Geta postremo non negabit coram ipsum cedo. Demea pudet nee quid agam neque quid huic respoiideam iners

neque

:

alit illas, solus

:

:

:

scio.

miseram me,

Pam.

difteror doloribus

luno Lucina, fer opem

!

serva

me

!

obsecro

!

hem,

Hegio

num nam Geta

ilia

quaeso parturit

?

certe, Hegio.

em,

Hegio

fidem mine vostram inplorat, Demea: quod vos vis cogit id voluntate imp.etret. haec primum ut fiant deos quaeso ut vobis decet. illaec

266

490

THE BROTHERS Demea Heaven above us Hegio One moment: you haven t yet heard the worst. De-mea Can there be anything worse to tell ? So much must in some way be Hegio Indeed there is. put up with. There were the inducements of darkness, passion, wine, young blood it s human nature. On realizing what he had done he came :

own accord to the girl s mother, weeping, begging, beseeching, promising, swearing to marry her. He was forgiven, the matter was hushed up, his word was taken. The girl is now with child, it s the tenth month. Our honest gentleman, bless us all, has bought a cithern-player to live with the other he deserts. Demea Are you quite sure of your facts ? llegio The girl s mother can be produced, there s the girl herself, there s the obvious fact, and here s Geta too, not a bad fellow as slaves go and active enough. He finds them a livelihood, he s the sole prop of the whole house. Take him off, put him in fetters, have the truth out of him. Geta Ay, put me on the rack if it isn t the truth, Sir of his

:

Put him to before you.

Demea

to

(within)

Save

and he won

m ashamed. answer him.

(aside) I

how Pam.

it

me

Oh

I

t

deny

don

t

the pain, the pain

it.

Have him up

know what !

to

do or

Help, Madonna

mercy s sake. her time come ? for

Hegio Geta

What,

Hegio

See now, there she is, appealing to the honour ol your house, Demea. Let what you are forced to do be done of your good will. I pray heaven that, if possible, your course may be such as becomes

is

Certainly, Sir.

PUBLIUS TERENT1US A FEU sin a liter

animus voster

est, ego,

Demea,

sun ana vi defendam hanc atque ilium mortuom. cognatus mihi erat una a pueris parvolis ;

sumus educti una semper militiae et domi fuiinus; paupertatem una pertulimus gravem. ;

quapropter nitar, faciam, experiar, denique animam relinquam potius quam illas deseram.

Demea

Hegw

quid mihi respondes? fratrem conveniam, Hegio. sed, Demea, hoc tu facito cum animo cogites :

vos facillume agitis,

quam

quam

estis

500

maxume

potentes dites fortunati nobiles, tarn

maxume

vos aequo

animo aequa noscere

Demea

vos voltis perhiberi probos. oportet, redito: fient quae fieri aequomst omnia.

Hegio

decet te facere.

Demea

11011

si

me

Geta, due me intro ad Sostratam. indicente haec fiunt utinam hie sit modo

defunctum

:

!

verum nimia

illaec licentia

profecto evadet in aliquod magnum malum. ibo ac requiram fratrem, ut in eum haec evomam.

Hegio

Bono animo

III.v

fac consolere.

fac

sis,

Sostrata, et istam

ego Micionem,

si

quod potes apud forumst,

conveniam atque ut res gestast narrabo ordine est is facturus ut sit officium suom, faciat sin aliter de hac re est eius sententia,

:

si

;

respondeat mi, ut quid agam

268

quam primum

sciain.

510

THE BROTHERS you

all,

Demea, girl

and

but

if

your intentions are different, 1, will strain every nerve in support of the was departed friend. kinsman,

He

my

my

we were brought up together from our earliest infancy,, we stood side by side in war and in peace, side by side we wore through the bitterness of poverty.

For that cause

to law,, yes lay

Demea Hegio

I shall toil,

down my very life What is your answer?

be

active,,

go

rather than

forsake them. I will see my brother, Hegio. Yes, Demea, but see that you take this thought to heart: the more easy your life and your brother s, the

greater your influence, riches, prosperity, rank, the more are you bound in the spirit of justice to recognize what is just, if you wish to have a repu tation for probity.

Demea You may go back home shall

Hegio

:

everything that

is

just

be done.

befits you. Geta, take me in to [EXIT WITH Geta INTO Sostrata s HOUSE. Would to heaven this were foretold as much.

That course Sostrata.

Demea

I

the end of certainly

it!

end

go and find on him.

in

my

but that excessive licence

some grievous

catastrophe.

will

I

will

brother to pour out this iniquity [EXIT.

RE-ENTER HeglO. Hegio

Keep a good heart, Sostrata, and do what you can to comfort your daughter. I will see Micio, if he s in the Piazza and tell him the whole If it prove that he means to do course of events. his duty, let him do it. If he takes a different view of the situation, let him give me an answer so that I may know as soon as possible what steps to take. (at the door)

[EXIT.

269

PUBLIUS TERENT1US AFER

ACTVS IV Cte.

Am

patrem

liinc abisse rus

?

iam dudum.

Syrus

die sodes.

Cte.

apud villamst:

Syrus

nunc quom maxume operis

aliquid facere credo.

utinam quidem

Cte.

quod cum

!

se defetigarit velim ut triduo hoc perpetuo prorsum e lecto nequeat

Syrus

salute eius

fiat, ita

520

surgere. ita fiat, et istoc siqui potis est rectius. ita

Cte.

;

nam hunc diem

misere nimis cupio, ut coepi, perpetuom in laetitia degere. et illud rus nulla alia causa tarn male odi nisi quia propest si abesset longius, :

quod

prius nox oppressisset iterum.

me

nunc ubi sat scio

rogitabit

illic

non

quam hue

videbit,

me ubi fuerim

iam hue recurret,

:

ego hodie toto rion

nilne in

mentemst

die."

?

numquam

quicquam. tanto nequior.

Syrus cliens

amicus hospes nemost vobis

?

sunt

Cte.

hisce opera ut data

:

quid postea

?

530

sit ?

quae non data

Cte.

sit ?

non potest

fieri.

potest.

Syrus Cte.

vidi

?

Cte.

Syrus

revorti posset

:

quid dicam Syrus

illi

interdius

270

;

sed

si

hie pernocto, causae quid dicam, Syre

?

THE BROTHERS ACT IV Cte.

(Half an hour has elapsed.) ENTER Ctesipho AND Syrus FROM Micio s HOUSE. Do you really mean that my father is gone of!

Cte.

the country ? Some time ago. No, but really ?

Syrus

He s

Syrus

at your country house, (grinning)

this very

moment he

s

on some farm

I

to

expect at

job.

Cte.

I hope to heaven he is Short of hurting his health I should like him to get so tired out that for the next three days he couldn t get out of bed.

Syrus

That

Cte,

Just

!

I desire, or, if possible,

so, for I

day as

I

m

something better.

dreadfully eager to pass the whole

have begun

it

in

unbroken

delight.

And

the chief spite I have against our country place is that it s so near. If it were further off, night would have overtaken him before he could get back here a second time. As it is, not finding me there, he ll trot back here in a moment, I am sure of There ll be a volley of questions where I ve that. I haven t had a sight of you all day." been What s to be my answer? Nothing occur to you? :

Syrus

Nothing at

Cte.

(blankly)

Syrus

The more good

all.

nothing you! Is there no dependant, acquaintance, family friend? for

Cte.

There are what follows ? So that you had business with em? When I hadn t? Not to be said!

Syrus

To be

Cte.

(dubiously)

Cte.

Syrus

:

here,

said.

For the daytime, but if I stop the night 1 make, Syrus?

what excuse can

271

PUBLICS TERENTIUS AFER Syrus

vah,

quam vellem etiam noctu

amicis operam

mos

esset dari

qum

tu otiosus esto

ego

:

sensum pulchre

illius

caileo.

quom

placidum quasi ovem

tarn

maxume,

fervit

reddo.

quo niodo

Cte.

Syrus

?

laudarier te audit lubenter

:

facio te

apud Ilium deum.

virtutes narro.

meas

Cte.

?

tuas

Syrus

:

homini

em

quasi puero gaudio.

ilico

tibi

pater est

?

?

is ipstist.

Syrus

Syre, quid agimus

Cte.

fuge modo

Syru.s si

me

quid rogabit, nusquam tu

Syrus

Demea Ne ego homo sum IV.ii

est

lupus in fabula.

Syrus

Cte.

!

quidnam

Cte.

Cte.

lacrumae cadunt

autem

gentium

infelix

:

:

?

intro,

ego videro.

audistin

?

potine ut desinas ? fratrem nusquam invenio

540

;

praeterea autem,

dum

ilium quaero, a villa mer-

cennarium vidi Cte.

Syrus Cte.

:

is

filium negat esse ruri.

nee quid agam

scio.

Syre.

quid est?

men

quaerit?

Syrus Cte.

Syrit*

Demea quid hoc, malum, 272

verum. peril.

quin tu animo bono es. ? nequeo satis decernere

infelicitatis

;

THE BROTHERS tyrus

Bah, how

could have wished

it were the custom business by night as well Never mind, be you easy I ve got the hang of his disposition finely. When he s at his hottest I make him as gentle as a ewe.

I

to attend to one

s

friends

!

Cte.

How

tyrus

He

:

?

I make you delighted to hear you praised. out to him to be an angel. Virtues are my theme. s

Mine? The tears

Cte.

(astonished)

Syrus

Yours.

Cte.

Syrus

What is it ? The wolf in

Cte,

Is it

Syrus

Your

start at once down his old cheeks like a boy s for delight, (points up the street) There s for you now !

Cte.

the story. father? father it is.

my

(alarmed) Syrus/ what are we to do indoors, I ll see to it.

Syrus

Run away

Cte.

If

Syrus

Can

he asks, you haven hear? t

you shut up

?

t

seen

me

?

anywhere, do you

(pushes him off)

ENTER Demea.

Demea

m

On my word I an unfortunate I can t find my brother anywhere in the creature world. More, while I was looking for him, I caught sight of one of my farm servants he says my son is not in the country, and I don t know what to do. (putting his head out at the door and whispering) Syru s (whispering) What s the matter ? (not seeing Syrus) !

:

Cte.

Syrus

me

he

looking for

Cte.

Is it

Syrus

Yes.

Cte.

Syrus

Confound it Just you keep your heart up.

Demea

(as before)

s

?

!

What

the plague

(Ctesipho disappears) does this ill luck

273

PUBLIUS TEUENTIUS AFER nisi

me

credo huic esse natum

rei,

ferundis miseriis.

primus sentio mala nostra, primus rescisco omnia; primus porro obnuntio aegre solus si quid fit fero. ;

Syrus

rideo hunc:

primum

ait se

scire

is

:

solus nescit

omnia.

Demea mine redeo

:

si

forte frater redierit viso.

Cte.

Syre, obsecro, vide ne

ille

hue prorsus se

550

inruat.

etiam taces ?

Syrus

ego cavebo. Cte.

numquam hercle hodie ego istuc committam tibi nam me iam in cellam aliquam cum ilia concludam

;

:

id tutissumumst.

Syrus

age,

Demea Syrus

tamen ego hunc amovebo. sed eccum sceleratum Syrum.

non hercle

hie qui volt durare quisquam,

si sic fit,

potest.

equidem volo quod mihi

scire

sint

domini: quae

haee est miseria!

Demea quid

ille

frater

Syrus

quid,

gaimit ? quid volt ? quid

ais,

bone

vir

?

est

domi?

malum,

bone

vir

mihi narras

?

equidem

perii.

Demea Syrus

rogitas

?

Ctesipho

me

quid tibist ? pugnis miser um et istam

psaltriam

usque

Demea

occidit.

hem, quid narras ? em, vide ut

Syrus

274

discidit labrum.

THE BROTHERS mean? what

I

can

t

account for

it,

only

I

believe that

was born for,, enduring distresses. to become aware of our troubles, the I

I

m

s

the

first first to find everything out, the first too to give the bad news. Any trouble, and I alone bear the annoyance.

Syrus

to

Demea

He makes me

laugh he says he s the first the only one that s quite in the dark. come back to see if my brother happens to

(aside)

know he :

Now

I

:

s

be back. Cte.

Syrus

(reappearing at the door} Syrus, for mercy t let him dash straight in here. Will you be quiet? I ll take care.

Cte.

By Jove

s

sake

don

Syrus

I won t, no I won t, trust that to you. I ll lock myself up in some room with her. That s the safest way. All right: I ll clear him away from here all the same. [Ctesipko DISAPPEARS.

Demea Ah, there Syrus

s

that scoundrel Syrus.

(whining, as if to himself)

can endure living here

there isn

By Jove,

if this is to

go

!

Demea What want ? Sir, is

Syrus

Why I

ynts

the plague do you say s

happened

Now

then,

my

worthy

worthy

Sir

to

me

?

I arn.

to

you

?

Ctesipho s fists have pretty nearly been the death of poor me and that cithern-girl.

Happened

Demea What Syrus

(louder and sneering) brother at home ?

my

m a dead man,

Demea What

t

I

know for my part how many Pretty misery this is What does he s the fellow grunting about ?

like to got.

a soul should masters I ve

on.

?

?

What s that, ? how he s cut my

There, see

lip.

(shows

it)

275

PUBLIUS TERENTIUS AFER Demea quam ob

rein

me

Syrus

560

?

inpulsore hanc

Demea produxe aibas Syrus

emptam esse ait. non tu eum rus hinc modo

?

factum verum venit post insaniens non puduisse verberare hominem senem qu em ego modo puerum tantillum in manibus ge:

;

nil pepercit.

stavi meis.

Demea laudo

:

Ctesipho^ patrissas

Syrus

laudas? ne

Demea

fortiter.

Syrus

ille

:

abi,

virum te

continebit posthac,

si

iudico.

sapiet,

manus.

perquam^quia miseram mulierem et me servolum, qui referire non audebam, vicit: hui, perfortiter.

Demea non

pot-uit melius.

idem quod ego

sentit te esse

huic rei caput. sed estne frater intus?

non

Syrus

Syrus

est.

ubi ilium inveniam cogito.

Demea scio ubi sit,

verum hodie numquam monstrabo.

hem

Demea

quid

570

ais

?

ita.

Syrus

Demea iimminuetur quidem iam cerebrum. a t riomen nescio Syrus ilh us hominis, sed locum novi ubi sit. tibi

die ergo locum.

Demea Syru.s

nostin porticum

Demea Syrus

apud macellum hac deorsum ? quid ni noverim ?

ubi eo veneris, praeterito hac recta platea sursum Clivos deorsum vorsum est hac te praecipitato. :

:

postea

276

THE BROTHERS f

Demea What Syrus

He

for

?

it was I prompted buying the girl. you say just now that you d gone with him

says

Demea Didn

t

into the country

?

So I did, but he came back here raving. He had no mercy. Fancy not being ashamed to drub an old fellow, and when he was an urchin no bigger than that (illustrates) I carried him in my arms. Demea Bravo, Ctesipho A man, I warrant Good, good you Bravo indeed Syrus My word, in future, if he s wise, he ll keep his fists to himself. Demea Bravely done Because he got the best of a poor lady Oh very Syrus and a bit of a slave who daren t hit him back, phew, mighty bravely Demea It couldn t have been better. He sees as I do that you are at the bottom of this business. But is my Syrus

!

!

!

!

!

!

!

brother at Syrus

Demea

I

Syrus

I

ever

?

me

if I

tell

Demea What Syrus

home

No, he ain t. wonder where I can find him. know where he is, (half aside) but hang

(sulkily)

What

s

you. that you say

?

I say.

break your head on the spot. affecting the sulks) Well, I don t know the man s name, but I know the place where he is. Demea Tell me the place then. Do you know the colonnade by the meat-market, Syrus down that way ? (points) Demea Of course I do. Go that way straight up the street. When you Syrus get there the Slope is right down in front of you 277

Demea

I ll

Syrus

(still

:

ad

est

PUBLICS TERENTIUS AFER hanc manum sacellum ibi angiportum :

propter

Demea quodnam illi

Syrus

est.

?

ubi etiam caprificus

magna

est.

Demea

novi.

hac pergito.

Syrus

Demea

id

quidem angiportum non

est pervium.

verum

Syrus

hercle.

vah,

censen hominem me esse ? erravi in porticum rursum redi sane hac multo propius ibis et minor est erratic. :

:

scin Cratini huius ditis aedis

580

?

Demea

scio.

ubi eas praeterieris,

Syrus

ad sinistram hac recta platea ubi ad Dianae veneris, ito ad dextram. prius quam ad portam veiiias, apud ipsum lacum ibist. est pistrilla et exadvorsum fabrica ;

:

Demea Syrus

quid

Demea ubi Syrus

ibi facit ?

pedibus faciundos dedit. bene sane, sed cesso ad eum

lecttilos in sole ilignis

i

potetis vos

:

pergere ? sane ego te :

exercebo hodie, ut dignus

es,

silicernium.

Aeschinus odiose cessat prandium corrimipitur ego iam proCtesipho autem in amorest totus. spiciam mihi :

;

:

nam iam

abibo atque erit bellissumum,

unum

quicquid, quod quidem

et cyathos sorbilans paulatim huiic producain diem.

carpam 278

590

THE BROTHERS [

down

it

go. At the end there s a chapel on Just by the side of it there s an alley.

you

this side.

Demea Which ? That where the great wild-fig-tree is. Demea I know it. Take that way. Syrus Demea (reflecting) That s a blind alley. So it is, by Jove. Tut, tut, you must think me Syrus Syrus

a

made a

mistake. Come back to the colonnade yes, yes, that s a much nearer way and much less chance of missing it. Do you know Cratinus s house, the millionaire man there ? fool.

I

:

Demea Yes. Syrm When you

are past it turn to your left, go straight along the street and when you come to the Church turn to the right. Before you come to the towngate, close by the pool there s a baker s shop and That s where he is. opposite it a workshop. Demea What s he doing there ? Giving an order for some garden seats with Syrus

Demea

hoi moak legs. (sneering as at

extravagance)

For

drinking-parties, quite so, quite to him at once.

Syrus

so.

one I

of

your

d better go [EXIT.

go your way. I ll give you the exercise you deserve, I swear I will, (with a loud cackle) old Dry bones (turning round and yawning) Aeschinus is cursedly late, this dinner s spoiling,

(looking after him) Yes,

!

Ctesipho

is

drowned

in love.

Now

I ll

look out

go off at once and pick out every blessed titbit and with one glass after another I ll lazily lengthen out the day. [EXIT INTO THE HOUSE, 279 for myself, for I

ll

PUBLICS TEEENTIUS AFER in hac re nil reperio,

Micio

Ego

IV.

opere, Hegio : meuin officium facio

iii

quam ob rem

lauder tanto

quod peccatum a

:

nobis

ortumst corrigo. nisi si

me

hominum numero,

in illo credidisti esse

qui ita putant, sibi fieri iniuriam ultro, si quam fecere ipsi expostules, id quia non est a me factum, et ultro accusant. agis gratias

Hegio

?

minume numquam animum induxi meum.

ah,

:

te

aliter

es esse

atque

sed quaeso ut una mecum ad matrem virginis eas Micio, atque istaec eadem quae mihi dixti tute dicas ?

mulieri

:

suspicionem haiic propter fratrem esse

:

eius esse

6 00

illam psaltriam.

Micio

si ita

aequom censes aut

nam

et

si

ita

opus est facto, eamus.

Hegio

bene facis quae dolore :

illi

ita

animum iam

relevabis,

ac miseria tabescit, et tuom officium fueris functus. aliter putas,

egomet narrabo quae mihi

sed

si

dixti.

immo ego

Micio

ibo.

bene

Hegio

facis

:

omnes, quibus res sunt minus secundae, niagis sunt nescio quo modo ad contumeliam omnia accipiunt magis suspiciosi propter suarn inpotentiam se semper credunt :

:

ludier.

quapropter te ipsum purgare Micio

et recte et

Hegio

verum

ipsi

coram placabilius

dicis.

sequere

me

ergo hac intro.

maxume.

Micio

280

est.

THE BROTHERS Micio

Hegio

ENTER Micio AND Hegio. Hegio, I see no reason in this matter why you should belaud me so much. I am only doing my duty. The offence was ours and I make amends. You can hardly have reckoned me with the class of men who take the view that it is an unprovoked wrong if you protest against a wrong done by them selves and themselves positively attack you. Is it oecause I have not acted thus that you thank me ? Not at all, not at all. I have never imagined your Now be so good disposition to be other than it is. as to come with me and see the girl s mother, Really,,

Micio, and say in person to the lady just what you have said to me, that what has caused her suspicion was done for his brother s sake, that the cithern-girl is

Micio

If

Ctesipho s. you think it the right course or

if it is

necessary,

let us go.

Hegio

That is right. Not only will it be a relief to her mind, wasting away as she is, under pain and If affliction, but you will have done your duty. you don t take this view, I will myself repeat to her what you have said.

Micio

Oh

Hegio

That

no,

I

will go.

When

people are not so prosperous they are always somehow more inclined to take offence, to imagine that a Their want of means always slight is intended. makes them think that you are toying with them. Hence an apology made in person is the better waj

as

is

right.

they

might

be,

to sooth them.

Micio

A just

Hegio

Then come with me By all means.

Micio

and true observation. indoors.

[EXEUNT INTO Sostratas. 281

PUBLICS TERENTIUS AFER Aes.

IV. iv

Discrucior animi hocine de inproviso mall mihi obici tan turn ut neque quid me faciam nee quid again certum membra metu debilia sunt animus timore

(J10

:

a

6lO b sit

!

;

obstipuit ; pectore consistere nil consili quit. vah, quo modo hac me expediam turba ? tanta

de

suspicio

me

neque ea inmerito

me

mine

incidit;

Sostrata psaltriam hance emisse :

id anus mi indicium fecit. nam ut hinc forte ad obstetricem erat missa, ubi

credit mihi

;

earn vidi, ilico

accedo, rogito Pamphila quid agat, iam partus adsiet, eon obstetricem accersat. ilia exclamat abi, abi :

iam, Aeschine, satis diu dedisti verba >

:

adhuc tua nos

sat

620

frustratast

i

fides.

istuc obsecro inquam est? valeas, habeas illam quae placet." sen si ilico id illas suspicari, sed me reprehendi

hem, quid

tamen, fratre garrulae illi dicerem ac fieret palam. nunc quid faciam? dicam fratris esse hanc? quod

ne quid de

minumest opus usquam ecferri. ac mitto exeat

fieri

:

potis est ut lie

ipsum metuo ut credant. tot concurrunt

id

qua

:

similia

veri

:

egomet rapui

ipse

;

egomet

abductast domum. haec adeo mea culpa fateor

solvi

fieri,

argentum

;

ad

me

non me hanc rem

patri,

utut erat gesta, indicasse

282

!

exorassem ut earn ducerem. 630

THE BROTHERS ENTER Aeschinus ies.

What

torture this

with such disaster palsy on

coil

And

t

me

DEJECTION.

to

do with myself, what

see.

a horrible suspicion I am exposed Sostrata thinks I have !

such a natural one

bought let

it,

To what

?

MUCH

Apprehension brings limbs, fear has dazed my thoughts. how am I to clear myself from this

my

Confound

What

!

can

line to take, I

IN

To be suddenly confronted

is

!

this cithern- girl for myself: the old crone

into that.

her on her

I

w ay to

happened

the midwife

r

s,

to catch sight of

ran up and asked

how Pamphila

was, whether the birth was imminent, whether that was the cause of her Go away," cries she, go away; you errand. have deceived us long enough, young Sir ; we

her

What ? want no more of your broken promises." for heaven s sake what do you mean by I said :

that

?

of your

Good-bye," choice."

I

saw

stick to the girl says she, in a flash the suspicion they

had, but I checked myself, for one word about my brother to that chatterbox and all would be out.

What am

to do now? Say the girl is my That secret must be kept at all won t breathe a word of it. Absolute

I

brother s?

I hazards. Besides I doubt if they secrecy is still possible. would ever believe the truth. All the probabilities are against it it was I that carried her off, I that taken. paid the money, it was to our house she was :

It

was

all

my own

have acted,

why

fault, I

didn

own

t J tell

it.

my

Badly as I may all about it? 28$

father

PUBLIUS TERENTIUS AFER cessatum usque adhuc est: nunc porro, Aeschine, expergiscere

!

nunc hoc primumst ad illas ibo, ut purgem me. accedam ad fores. horresco semper ubi pultare hasce occipio miser. perii :

:

heus heus: Aeschinus ego sum.

aperite aliquis

actutum ostium. prodit nescio quis

Micio IV.v

concedam hue.

:

Ita uti dixi, Sostrata,

ego Aeschinum conveniam, ut quo modo acta haec sint sciat. sed quis ostium hie pultavit? facite;

Aes.

pater hercle est

perii.

:

Micio

Aeschine

Aes.

quid huic hie negotist?

Micio

tune has pepulisti fores? quor non ludo hunc aliquantisper ? melius est, quandoquidem hoc numquam mi ipse voluit dicere. 640 nil mihi respondes? tacet.

non equidem

Aes.

Micio

ita?

nam

istas,

quod sciam.

mirabar quid hie negoti esset

erubuit: salva res

tibi.

est.

die sodes, pater,

Aes. tibi

vero quid

istic est rei?

Micio

nil

amicus quidam hue advocatum Aes.

me

mi quidem.

a foro abduxit

modo

sibi.

quid?

ego dicam

Micio

tibi:

quaedam mulieres pauperculae ut opinor eas non iiosse te, et certo scio neque enim diu hue migrarunt. habitant hie

;;

;

quid turn postea

Aes.

284

?

THE BROTHERS have won him over to let me marry her. have been dilatory all this time: from this The first thing to moment,, Aeschinus, wake up do is to go to the women and clear myself. There s T could I

!

the door, I

(moves towards

it,

then stops) I start

m always of a shudder when

Confusion

knocking

!

at

this door, poor wretch, (knocks) Anyone there ? It s Aeschinus. Open the door some one at once. (the

door opens)

Some one coming

out

?

I ll

stand

aside, (goes behind the door)

Micio

ENTER MiciO THROUGH THE DOORWAY. Do have told you,, Sostrata, both Aeschinus to let him know of these arrangements, Some one (turns round) knocked who was it ? it s my father. Destruction (aside) Heavens Aeschinus

as I (at the door) of you. I will see :

Aes.

Micio

!

!

!

What s the meaning of this ? you knocked here ? (aside) No answer ? shouldn t I play with him a bit ? He deserves

Aes.

(aside in confusion)

Micio

Was

Why it

it

for never choosing to tell for me ?

me

himself, (aloud)

Have you no answer Aes.

Micio

N-n-not there, Sir, as far as I know. So ? I wondered what business you could have

He

there, (aside) Aes.

Micio

blushed

:

all s well.

Tell me, father, please what takes you there ? No business of my own a friend of mine brought me here just now to help him in a law affair. :

Aes.

What

Micio

There are some ladies living here you. I think you don t know in a very small way. sure you don t it isn t long since them, in fact I they moved here.

affair ?

I will tell

m

Aes.

What

follows

:

?

285

PUBLIUS TERENTIUS AFER Micio

virgo est

cum

matre.

Aes.

6 50 perge.

Micio

haec virgo orbast patre hie

meus amicus

genere est proxumus huic leges cogunt nubere hanc. illi

Aes.

perii

Micio Aes.

quid est nil

:

recte

:

is

nam

?

perge.

Micio

venit ut

secum avehat

:

habitat Mileti.

hem, virginem ut secum avehat ?

Aes.

Micio

sic est ?

Miletum usque obsecro

Aes.

Micio

?

ita.

animo malest.

Aes.

quid ipsae

?

quid aiunt

Micio

?

quid

illas

censes

?

nil

enim.

commenta mater est esse ex alio viro nescio quo puerum natum, neque eum nominat Aes.

Micio

priorem esse ilium, non oportere huic dari. eho, nonne haec iusta tibi videntur poscier

660

Aes.

Micio

dicendum magis aperte, quam ob rem ?

Aes.

inmisericorditerque atque etiam,

Aes.

rogas

me

?

si est,

?

pater,

inliberaliter.

quid

illi

tandem

creditis

fore animi misero qui ilia consuevit prior, qui infelix haud scio an illam misere

mine

amet,

quom hanc

sibi videbit

abduci ab oculis

286

?

;

?

non. obsecro non ? an illam hinc abducet, pater quid illam ni abducat ? factum a vobis duriter

Micio

;

:

praesens praesenti eripi. facinus indignum, pater !

THE BROTHERS Acs.

There s a girl and her mother. Yes, and ?

Micio

The

girl

kin,

and the law enjoins a marriage between them.

Micio

has lost her father,

my

friend

is

Acs.

(aside but overheard) Destruetion

Micio

What

Aes.

Aes.

Nothing, nothing it s all right well ? He is come to take her with him Miletus he What Take the girl with him ?

Micio

That

Aes.

O

Micio

s

the matter

next of

!

? :

;

:

lives at.

!

is so.

Micio

heavens, Yes.

Aes.

(aside)

what do

all

the way to Miletus

Oh my they say

heart

!

(aloud}

?

And

the ladies

?

?

What do you expect them The mother has faked up

Aes.

to say ? Some nonsense. a story about a child by some other man, but she doesn t give him a name. He came first, she says, and her daughter oughtn t to be married to my friend. Good Lord and don t you think the claim is just

Micio

No,

Acs.

Oh heavens and is he to take her away, father ? Why shouldn t he ? Your side has acted harshly and barbarously and

Micio

Micio Aes.

!

!

don t. You don t ? I

!

what s more, if I must speak more openly, father, not like gentlemen. Micio Aes.

How

so

?

? Pray what do you suppose will be the feelings of the unhappy man who loved her first and for all I know is desperately in love with her still, poor wretch, when he sees her snatched off before his very eyes, dragged out of his sight ? A monstrous act, father

Can you ask

287

PUBLICS TERENTIUS AFER Micio

Acs.

qua ration e istuc

? quis despondit ? quis dedit ? quoi quando nupsit ? auctor his rebus quis est ? quor duxit alienam ? an sedere oportuit

domi virginem

tarn

dum

grandem,

cognatus hue

veniret exspectantem ? haec, mi pater, te dicere aequom fuit et id defendere. ridiculum advorsumne ilium causam dicerem illinc

Micio

:

quoi veneram advocatus ? sed quid ista, Aeschine, nostra ? aut quid nobis cum illis ? abeamus. quid est quid lacrumas ? Aes.

pater, obsecro, ausculta.

Aeschine, audivi omnia quo magis quae agis curae

Micio et scio Aes.

?

nam

;

te

amo

:

sunt mihi. ita velim me promerentem ames,

dum

vivas,

680

mi

pater,

ut

me

hoc delictum admisisse in me, id mihi vehe-

menter dolet et

me

tui pudet.

Micio

credo hercle nam ingeiiium iiovi tnm sed vereor ne indiligens nimium sies. ;

liberale in

;

civitate

qua

tandem

iam id

?

vitiasti

humanum tamen fecere

te arbitrare vivere

quam te non ius fuerat tangere. peccatum primum magnum, magnum, at

virginem

alii

:

saepe item boni.

at

postquam

id

even it,

cedo

num

quid circumspexti

aut

?

num

quid tute pro-

spexti tibi,

quid

fieret

?

qua

fieret

?

si

te

mi ipsum puduit

proloqui,

qua resciscerem ? haec decem. 288

dum dubitas, menses abierunt

690

THE BROTHERS How do you make that out Who betrothed her ? Who gave her in marriage Who is her husband When was the wedding? Who gave consent? Why did the man marry another s bride ?

?

?

?

Acs.

Was

a girl of that age to sit at home and wait for a kinsman to turn up from Miletus ? That s what

you ought to have said, my dear father, and stood to the point too. Absurd Was I to plead against the man for whom I was briefed ? However, my boy, how does this concern us ? Let us come away. (Aeschimts bursts in justice

Micio

!

What

into tears)

weeping Aes.

Micio Aes.

for

s

the matter

?

What

are you

?

Father, in heaven s name hear me. boy, I have heard all, I know all, for I love you, and so all your doings touch me the more. May I never deserve your love in all your life, father mine, if my fault against you doesn t cause me grievous pain and I can t look you in the face.

My

(hides his face in his hands)

Micio

By heaven,

I

believe

heart, but

it

:

am

I

know you have

a

you are very heedless. Pray, w hat country do you think you You have wronged a girl contrary are living in ?

gentleman

s

I

afraid

r

to all law.

That

great fault, but have often done

s

a great fault to start with, a not unnatural honest men But after it hap before you.

still it

:

pened, tell me, had you any consideration, any forethought for yourself, what was to be done, how If you were ashamed to telJ it was to be done ? me openly yourself, did you ever think how I was You hesitated and hesitated and to find it out ? You have been false to ten months passed away. yourself and to the poor lady and to the child, as 289

PUBLICS TERENTIUS AFER prodidisti et te et illam quidem in te fuit.

miseram et gnatum, quod

quid? credebas dormienti haec tibi confecturos deos? et illam sine tua opera in cubiculum iri deductum

domum ? Aes.

Micio

nolim ceterarum rerum te socordem eodem modo. bono animo es, duces uxorem hanc. hem. bono inquam animo es.

Aes.

pater,

obsecro,

num

mine tu me

ludis

Micio

ego te

?

?

quam ob rem

Aes.

?

riescio

:

Micio

quia tarn misere hoc esse cupio verum, eo vereor magis. abi domum ac deos conprecare ut uxorem accersas abi.

Aes.

quid

:

iam uxorem

?

Micio

700

?

iam.

iam ? iam quantum

Aes.

Micio Aes.

omnes

oderint, ni magis te

quam

potes. di me, pater,

amo

oculos nunc

meos. Micio

quid

quam

?

illam

Aes

?

aeque. perbenigne.

Micio Aes.

Micio

quid periit

:

abiit,

navem

Aes.

ubist Milesius abi, pater

quo

vir melior

multo

es

290

:

;

magis. ego eo intro, ut quae opus sunt parentur dixi, si sapis.

?

?

nam tibi eos certo scio, quam ego, obtemperaturos

tu potius deos conprecare

Micio

? ille

ascendit. sed quor cessas

:

tu fac ut

THE BROTHERS with you. What, did you think heaven would do your work while you slept, that without your lifting a finger the wife would be brought home to the bridal chamber? I should be sorry to see you so thoughtless in the rest of your affairs. far as it lay

Aes.

(a pause) Be of What, Sir

Micio

Be of good

Aes.

Micio

Father, in honour s name, you re not mocking me, are you ? No indeed why should I ?

Aes.

I

Micio Aes.

Micio Aes.

Micio Aes.

good heart

heart,

I

you

shall

her.

:

don

t

know

I

;

m

so desperately eager for this to

be true, and that makes me fear the more. Go off home, pray for heaven s favour in fetching your wife. Off with you. WT hat ? My wife at once ?

At once. At once ? As soon as ever you

can.

All the anger of heaven on don t love you more than my

What ? More than- eh

Aes.

philas house) Just the same. Very kind of you.

?

my

head, father, if I eyes (smiles and points to Pam-

own

But by the way, where

s

Aes.

(starting)

Micio

Lost, vanished, gone aboard ship.

Aes.

marry

say.

Micio

Micio

:

!

!

that Milesian ? Why are you

lingering ? You go, father you are more likely to gain heaven s I am sure you are a much better man favour. than I am and they will have more ear for your :

prayers.

Micio

I

am

tions.

going indoors to make the necessary prepara Do as I tell you if you are wise.

PUBLICS FERENTIUS AFER Aes.

quid hoc est negoti est filium esse si

hoc est patrem esse aut hoc

?

?

frater aut sodalis esset, qui

hie

non amandust

?

hicine

morem gereret

magis

non gestandus

in sinust

r

?

hem. itaque adeo

magnam mi

inicit

sua commoditate

710

curam,

ne inprudens

forte faciam

sed cesso ire intro, si

quod nolit sciens cavebo. ne morae meis nuptiis egomet :

em ?

Demea Defessus sum ambulaiido IV.vi

:

ut, Syre, te

monstratione magnus perdat luppiter perreptavi

usque omne oppidum

cum

tua

!

ad portam, ad

:

lacuin,

quo non

?

neque fabrica

illi

ulla erat

nee fratreni

homo vidisse se aibat quisquam. IV.vii

certum obsidere

Micio

I bo, illis

est usque,

quidnam

redierit.

dicam nullam esse in nobis moram.

Demea sed eccum ipsum. Micio

nunc vero domi donee

te

iam dudum quaero, Micio

?

Dcwea

fero alia flagitia ad te ingentia

boni

illius

adulescentis.

ecce autein

Micio

Demea

!

nova

292

720

THE BROTHERS Acs.

Did ever anyone hear the like?

Is this to

be

a

Had he been my father or this to be a son ? brother or my friend could he have been more complaisant ? Is he not a man to be loved, to be next one s heart ? It s wonderful, and so his kind ness fills me with the most vehement desire not to do from want of thought anything to displease him. Forewarned is forearmed. But I must go in at once or I shall be myself a hindrance to my own

speedy marriage.

[EXIT.

ACT V (About an hour has elapsed.) ENTER Dvmea WEARILY.

Deinea

m

dead tired. Devil I ve walked and walked till I I ve hob take you, Syrus, and your directions bled all over the town, to the gate, to the pool, where not ? Deuce a workshop there, and not a soul could speak of having seen my brother. Now I determined to sit on blockading his house till !

m

he comes back. ENTER Micio. door to Aeschinus within) I ll go and tell them we are quite ready to receive her. Demea There he is. I ve been looking for you ever so

Micio

(at the

Micio

What

Demea

have news for you of other crimes, monstrous man. crimes, of your good young

Mrjcto

At

long, Micio. for

?

I

it

again

!

Demea Fresh ones, of the worst

PUBLIUS TERENTIUS AFEK capitalia.

ohe iam

Micio

Demea

!

nescis qui vir

sit.

Micio

Demea

scio.

me

a stulte, tu de psaltria

agere

:

sonmias

hoc peccatum in virginemst civem.

Micio

scio.

Demea oho,

scis et

patere

?

Micio

quid

iii

patiar

Demea

die mihi,

non clamas

?

non

insanis

?

non

Micio

Demea puer

:

malim quidem ....

natust.

Micio

di

bene vortant

!

Demea Micio

?

virgo nil habet. audivi.

Demea

et

ducenda

indotatast.

Micio

scilicet.

Demea quid nunc

futurunist

730

?

Micio

id illinc

hue

enim quod

res ipsa fert

:

traiisferetur virgo.

Demea

o luppiter, istocine pacto oportet

?

Micio

quid faciam amplius

Demea quid

facias

? si

non

?

ipsa re tibi istuc dolet,

sirnulare certe est hominis.

Micio

despondi

;

quin iam virginem fiunt nuptiae haec magis sunt hominis.

res compositast

dempsi metum omnem

:

;

;

Demea

ceterum placet tibi factum, Micio

Micio

?

non,

si

queam

mutare.

nunc quom non queo, animo aequo

ita vitast

hominum

quasi

quom

ludas tesseris

fero. :

THE BROTHERS You bore me, man. Demea You don t know what he

Micio

Micio

I

is.

do.

Demea Fool of a man, you fancy I m talking about the cithern-girl. This wrong is against an Athenian born. Micio I know. Demea Good heavens, you know it and allow it ? Micio

Why

shouldn

Demea Just

tell

t I

?

me, don

t

It s true

I

you burst out

?

don

mad ? don

Micio

I

Demea

(interrupting)

t.

Heaven bless Demea The girl hasn

Micio

Micio

So

I

m told.

There it

t

t

you go

should prefer s

a child born.

!

a penny.

Demea And must be married without a dowry. Micio

Undoubtedly.

Demea What

s

to

happen now

?

What

the circumstances suggest. The lady shall be moved across from that house to this, (points) Demea Heaven above us is that the proper thing ? Micio What more can I do ? Demea Why, if the thing doesn t cause you genunie anguish, it is unnatural not at least to affect that it Micio

!

does.

Micio

No, I have already betrothed the lady to him, the matter is settled, the wedding goes on, I have

Demea

That is the more all their apprehensions. natural course. But, but are you pleased with the transaction,

Micio

No, not

removed

Micio bear

game

?

As it is I can t, so I if I could alter it. Human life is like a with equanimity. with dice if you don t get the throw you 295

it

;

PUBLIUS TERENTIUS AFEll quod maxume opus est iactu non cad it, quod cecidit forte, id arte ut corrigas. Demea corrector nempe tua arte viginti minae si

illud

740

illud

!

pro psaltria peri ere

quae quantum potest

:

non pretio, gratiis. aliquo abiciundast, neque est neque illam sane studeo vendere. si

Micio

Demea quid

igitur facies

?

domi

Micio

erit.

Demea

pro divom fidem, meretrix et mater familias una in domo ?

Micio

quor non

?

Demea

sanum

te credis esse

Micio

?

equidem

me

Demea

ita

Micio

quor non

arbitror.

ament, ut video tuam ego ineptiam facturum credo ut habeas quicum cantites.

Demea

di

:

730

?

nupta eadem haec

et nova

discet.

Micio

scilicet.

Demea tu

inter eas restim ductans saltabis.

Micio

probe.

Demea probe Micio

?

et tu

nobiscum una,

si

opus

Demea

sit.

ei

non

te haec

pudent

mihi

!

?

iam vero omitte, Demea,

Micio

tuam

istanc iracundiam, atque ita uti decet hilarum ac lubentem fac te gnati in nuptiis.

ego hos convenio

:

post hue redeo.

Demea

o luppiter,

hancine vitam 296

hoscin mores

!

hanc demeritiam

THE BROTHERS most want, you must show your skill in making the best of the throw which you do get. Demea Make the best, you ? By your skill you ve thrown away a hundred pounds on the cithern-girl, for she must be sold out of hand and if no one bids be Micio

given away. Sold she can

t

be, arid I admit

I

m

not keen on

selling her. Deim a What shall

you do then ? remain in my house. Demca {astounded) Heaven above us married wife under one roof? Micio Why not ?

Micio

She

will

!

A

concubine and a

Demea Do you suppose you are

in your senses ? imagine so. Demca As I hope to be saved, I see your tomfoolery. I believe your object is to sing to her accompani ment. Micio Why not ? Demea And the new bride will be taught the same songs.

Micio

I

Micio

Undoubtedly. ll dance with a string and one of them on each side of you. (imitates such a dance) Micio To be sure. Demea To be sure ? Micio And you shall make a fourth if we want one.

Demea And you

Demea Heaven save us, aren t you ashamed of yourself ? Enough, Demea, enough; drop your ill temper,

Micio

think of the occasion, be merry and sociable at going to call there. your son s wedding. I I Afterwards coming back to Sostratas) (points

m

m

L EX1T -

here.

Demea Heaven above

What

lunacy

!

What morals What a life The bride won t bring a halfpenny,

us

.

!

!

297

PUBLIUS TERENTIUS AFER uxor sine dote veniet intus psaltriast domus sumptuosa adulescens luxu perditus senex delirans. ipsa si cupiat Salus^ ;

;

;

servare prorsus

760

;

non potest hanc familiam.

ACTVS V Syrus

Edepol, Syrisce, te curasti molliter lauteque munus admiiiistrasti tuom sed postquam intus sum omnium rerum satur, :

abi.

prodeambulare hue lubitumst.

Demea

illud sis vide

exemplum

disciplinae

ecce autem hie adest

Syrus seiiex iioster.

quid

fit ?

quid tu es

tristis ?

Demea Syrus

:

?

oil seel us

ohe iam

Demea tun

si

!

tu verba fundis hie, sapientia

meus

esses

.

.

770

.

dis

Syrus

ac

tuam rem

quidem

esses,

Demea,

constabilisses.

Demea

exemplo omnibus curarem ut

esses.

quani ob rem

Syrus

?

quid feei

Demea

?

rogas in ipsa turba atque in peccato maxumo, quod vix sedatum satis est, potasti, scelus,

quasi re bene gesta.

sane noil em hue exitum.

Syrus V.ii.

Dromo Heus

Syre, rogat te Ctesipho ut redeas. abi.

Syrus

298

f

!

?

THE BROTHERS the cithern-girl s in the house, a home of extrava gance, a son ruined by luxury, and the head of the It is absolutely beyond the powei house a maniac of Providence itself to save this household. !

RE-ENTER Syrus TIPSY. Syrus

S help me, little Syrus, you ve taken downy care oi yourself and filled your office in fine style. G along. Still, as Fve filled my belly indoors from all the dishes, taking a stroll out here has caught my fancy. a pattern of domestic at that, so please you

Demea Look

:

discipline

Syrus

(seeing

!

Demea) Hollo now, here

(staggers up to him)

glum you Demea You scoundrel s

Syrus

That old

s

s

our old man.

going on

ll

are

!

Wisdom ?

you were

Syrus

(interrupting)

my man-

You d be rich, you would, Master, and have put your fortunes on a firm footing, (lurches) I should have made an example of you to the whole household. What for ? What have I done ?

Demea Done

r

In the very middle of this trouble, with a

and hardly great wrong committed you ve been drinking, you scoundrel,

settled yet,

as if

you were

celebrating a great achievement. that I am. (aside) Sorry I came out, Dromo APPEARS AT Micio s DOOR.

Dromo Hi, Syrus Syrus

Why

So you re pouring out your maxims here,

do.

If

Syrus

?

?

Demea

Syrus

What

Go

along.

!

Ctesipho wants you to come back.

[Dromo DISAPPEARS. 299

PUBLIUS TERENTIUS AFER Demea quid Ctesiphonem

hie narrat

Syrus

nil.

Demea

eho, carnufex, est Ctesipho intus

?

non

Syrus

est.

Demea Syrus

?

quor hie nominat est all us

nostin

quidam,

parasi taster paululus

780

?

Demea

iam

scibo.

quid agis

Syrus

?

quo abis

Demea Syrus

?

:

mitte me. noli iiiquam.

non manum abs tines, mastigia

Demea an

iam mavis cerebrum dispergarn

tibi

hie

?

?

abit.

Syrus

edepol comissatorem haud sane commodum, praesertim Ctesiphoni nisi,

dum

aliquo

Micio

quid ego nunc

!

agam

?

haec silescunt turbae, interea in angulum

abeam atque edormiscam hoc

villi

:

sic

agam.

Parata a nobis sunt, ita ut dixi, Sostrata,

V.iii

ubi

Demea

ei

quisnam a

vis.

mini, quid faciam

querar

me ?

pepulit tarn graviter fores

quid

agam ? quid clamem

?

o caelum, o terra, o maria Neptuni

790

!

em

Mtcio rescivit

300

?

aut

omnem rem

:

id

nunc clamat

:

tibi

:

ilicet

;

THE BROTHERS Demca What does he say of Ctesipho Syr us

Demea What, you Syrus

?

It s nothing.

No, he

isn

gallows-bird,

is

Ctesipho in there

?

t.

does that fellow speak of him ? another person, a bit of an adventurer fellow

Demea

Why

Syrus

It s

:

d you know him ? Demea

I shall

Syrus

(catching hold of him) are you going ?

soon find out. {going towards

What are you

the door)

Where

about ?

Demea Let go of me. Syrus

Don t,

I say.

Demea Hands off, whipping-post! Would you rather I knocked your brains out on the spot ? (strikes him9 Syrus

wrenches himself free, and dashes into the house) noisy (looking stupidly after him) He s gone unbidden guest, and a damnably unwelcome one !

A

am I to do now ? too, especially to Ctesipho r What Till this to-do quiets down, best go off to a corner somewhere and sleep off this little drop of wine. I ll do. [EXIT DRUNKENLY. RE-ENTER MictO FROM Sostmttt S. I have told you, Sostrata, we (at the door) Yes, as have everything ready, when you like, (turns round.

That

Micio

s

what

Micio s door is thrown violently open) that noise at my door ? ENTER Demea HASTILY

Who s

making

all

How shall I do ? and protests are enough ?

Demea Great heavens, what

What

cries

O

I

act

?

heaven

O great sea and earth He has found it all out: are. (aside} There you Ring down the that s what he s crying out about. I must go to the rescue. row v for Now curtain !

!

Micio

shall

I

!

301

PUBLIUS TEKENTiUS AFEK paratae lites

:

succurrendumst.

Demea

eccum adest

Micio

coinmunis corruptela nostrum liberum. tandem reprime iracundiam atque ad te

Demea

repress!, redii, mitto maledicta

redi.

omnia rem ipsam putemus. dictum hoc inter nos fait (ex te adeo est ortum), ne tu curares meum neve ego tuom ? responde. :

factumst, non nego.

Micio

quor recipis meum ? quor emis amicam, Micio ? num qui minus mihi idem ins aequornst esse quod mecumst tibi quando ego tuom lion euro, ne cura meum.

Demea quor nunc apud

Micio

non aequom

te potat

?

800 ?

dicis.

non ?

Demea

nam vetus verbum hoc quidemst, communia esse amicorum inter se omnia. Demea facete nunc demum istaec nata oratiost. ausculta paucis nisi molestumst, Demea. Micio principio, si id te mordet, sumptum filii

Micio

!

quern faciunt. quaeso hoc facito tecum cogites: tu illos duo olim pro re tollebas tua, quod satis putabas tua bona ambobus fore,

me

uxorem credidisti eandem illam ducturum. et

turn

obtine

scilicet

rationem

antiquam

:

conserva, quaere, parce, fac quam plurimum illis relinquas: gloriam tu istam obtine. mea, quae praeter spem evenere, utantur sine, de summa nil decedet quod hinc accesserit, haec si voles id de lucro putato esse omne. :

S02

810

THE BROTHERS Dcmea

(seeing Micio) There he is, the corrupting spirit oi both our sons Micio Do, pray, curb your passion and be yourself again. Demca I have curbed it, I am myself again not another hard word from me. Let us look at the facts. !

;

Was it agreed between Micio

us (the proposal, remember,

came from you) that you should not look nor I to yours ? Answer me that. It was so agreed, I don t deny it.

to

my

boy

Demea

Why is he now at his cups in your house ? Why do you harbour the boy that is mine ? Why do you buy him a mistress, Micio ? Is it not right that I should have my due from you as you have yours from me ? As I don t look to your boy, don t you

Micio

You don

look to mine.

Demea

t

put

it fairly.

don t ? Micio No, it s an old saying that friends have all things in common. Demea Smart The sentiment comes to birth a little late. Micio Listen to me for a minute if it doesn t annoy you, Demea. To start with, if what grieves you is the money which the boys spend, please reflect on it in in days past you chose to bring up two this light sons as a thing your means would stand, reckoning that your own property would be enough for the at that time you expected me to pair,, and of course Now keep to your original reckoningmarry. I

!

:

as much as hoard, get, save, endeavour to have to that as your glory hold them leave to possible My property, coming as a windfall, let them enjoy There will be no loss in your capital, the addition ;

from

me

If

you

Demea, you

will

should be reckoned a clear gain.

will think this over in a true light,

SOS

PUBLICS TERENTIUS AFER animo vere cogitare, Demea, mi et tibi et illis dempseris molestiam. Demea mitto rem consuetudinein amborum. in

et

:

.

.

mane

Micio scio

820

multa in homine, Demea,

istuc ibam.

:

signa insunt ex quibus coniectura facile fit, duo quom idem faciunt, saepe ut possis dicere

inpune facere huic, illi non licet," quo is qui facit. quae ego inesse in illis video, ut confidam fore hoc

licet

non quo ita

dissimilis res sit sed

ut volumus.

video eos sapere, intellegere, in loco

vereri, inter se amare.

siris

liberum

ingenium atque animum quo vis illos tu die at enim metuas ne ab re sint tamen redducas. :

o noster Demea, omissiores paulo. ad omnia alia aetate sapimus rectius

;

unum

hoc vitium adfert senectus hominibus adtentiores sumus ad rem omnes quam sat est:

solum

quod

illos sat

830

:

aetas acuet.

ne nimium modo

Demea bonae tuae

istae nos rationes, Micio,

et tuos iste

animus aequos subvortat. tace:

Micio

non

fiet.

mitte iam istaec: da te hodie mihi:

exporge frontem.

Demea

scilicet ita tempus fert ceterum ego rus eras cum .

fariundumst.

cum primo

filio

luci ibo hinc.

de nocte censeo:

Micio

hodie

modo hilarum

fac te.

et istam psaltriatn .H04

840

THE BROTHERS you have relieved of a world of trouble.

find that

them

Dwnea Property

I

me and

say nothing of:

it s

the

yourself and

way

of

life

which both of themMicio

(interrupting) One moment ; I know, I was There are many tokens in a man,, to that.

coming

Demea,

an inference I mean that in the two doing the same thing you can often say The one may, the other may not, do this without harm/ the difference lying not in the deed but in I see in our boys tokens which give me the doer. confidence that they will come up to our wishes con

which

facilitate

;

case of "

I see in them sense, intelligence, cerning them. reverence at the right time, mutual affection. You

may

leave their natural inclinations a free scope,

to hand. being sure that any day you can call them You may tell me you would fear them being a little

money matters. Oh my dear Demea, in all other respects we get wiser as we grow older there is only this one flaw that old age brings on a we all think too much of money. In this careless in

:

man,

make them

point years will

sharp enough.

Demea

that these fine reasonings of yours, (bitterly) Only see of temper do not prove our easiness Micio, and your

Micio

Hush, man,

ruin. it

fears, for this

Demea

won t be

so.

Now away

with yoi

day be ruled by me, smooth your

brow. the occasion requires (half unwillingly) Undoubtedly Still to-morrow I must do it. with my son to the country at daybreak. Before daybreak I should say, only make yourself

it.

Micio

pleasant to-day.

Demea And that

with cithern-girl shall be haled off

im>.

PUBJL1US TERENTIUS una Micto

illuc

mecum

AFER

hinc abstraham.

pugnaveris eo pacto prorsum illi adligaris filium. modo facito ut illam serves.

Demea

:

ego istuc videro atque

plena, fumi ac pollinis faxo et molendo ; praeter haec

ibi favillae

coquendo

sit

meridie ipso faciam ut stipulam conligat tam excoctam red dam atque atram quam carbost. :

Micio

placet

nunc mihi videre

cogam ut cum ilia una fortunatu s qui isto animo sies.

turn etiam

Demea derides ego

?

si

seiitio.

.

Micio

nolit

ah, pergisne

i

850

cubet.

.

Demea Micio

:

atque equidem filium

sapere.

?

iam iam desino. nunc sumamus

ergo intro, et quoi rei est, ei rei diem.

Demea Numquam V.iv

ita

quisquam bene subducta ratione ad

vitarn fuit

quin res aetas usus semper aliquid adportet novi, ut ilia quae te scisse credas nescias, aliquid moneat et quae tibi putaris prima, in experiundo ut repu:

dies.

quod nunc mi evenit nam ego vitam duram quam vixi usque adhuc prope iam excurso spatio omitto. idquamobrem? ;

re ipsa repperi facilitate nil esse homini melius id esse

verum ex me atque ex

neque dementia.

fratre quoi vis facilest

noscere. ille

306

suam

egit

semper vitam in

otio 5 in conviviis,

860

THE BROTHERS Micio

you

Demea

You ll have hit it there, for in that way keep your son tied at home for the future.

(smiling) ll

Only mind she doesn t run away. see to that, and when she s there, what with cooking and with grinding corn I ll take care she s a mass of ashes, smoke, and meal. Yes, and I ll set her gathering stubble under the midday sun, I ll make her as dry and as black as a lump of charcoal. I ll

Good

Now

count you wise.

And

Micio

(laughing)

Demea

part I d make your son then, even against his will, treat her as his wife. (bitterly) Laughing at me, are you ? Lucky you to

Micio

(interruping)

!

I

for

my

have that disposition.

I feel-

Ah, again ?

Demea Well, well, I ve done. In w ith you then and Micio r

let us

ought to be spent.

spend to-day

as

it

[EXEUNT.

ACT VI (An hour has elapsed.) ENTER Demea IN TOWN DRESS. Demea However well a man may have calculated his scheme of life, still circumstances, years, experience, always introduce a new element and teach new lessons. You find that you don t know what you thought you did know, and what you thought of primary im That s what portance that in practice you reject. The hard life, which up to has happened to me. now I have lived, now that my race is almost run I

And why? Hard facts have taught renounce. me that a man can have no better qualities than The truth of this mildness and complaisance. and my brother. me at see can by looking anyone

PUBLICS TERENTIUS AFER clemens,

placidus,

nulli

laedere

os,

adridere

omnibus sibi vixit, sibi

sumptum

fecit

:

omnes bene

dicunt,

amant.

ego ille agrestis, saevos, tristis, parcus, truculentus, tenax duxi uxorem quam ibi miseriam vidi nati filii alia cura. heia autem, dum studeo illis ut quam :

:

!

plurimum facerem, contrivi in quaerundo vitam atque aetatem

meam

:

nunc exacta aetate hoc fructi pro labore ab eis fero, odium ille alter sine labore patria potitur commoda.

870

;

ilium amant,

me

fugitant

;

illi

credunt consilia

omnia,

apud ilium sunt ambo, ego desertus

ilium diligunt,

sum; ilium ut vivat optant, meam autem mortem exspectant scilicet. ita eos meo labore eductos maxumo hie fecit suos

paulo sumptu

:

miseriam

omnem

ego capie, hie

potitur gaudia.

age age nunciam experiamur contra, ecquid ego possiem blande dicere aut benigne facere, quando hoc provocat.

ego quoque a meis me amari et magni fieri postulo: si id fit dando atque obsequendo, non posteriores feram. deerit

Syrus

:

id

mea minume

maxumus. Heus Demea, orat

V.v

308

frater

re fert qui

sum natu

ne abeas longius.

880

THE BROTHERS He

has spent

all his

days without a calling, given

up to society, complaisant, easy-going, affronting no man and having a smile for He has everybody. lived for himself and spent his money on himself, all the world speaks well of him and loves him. I the rugged countryman, sour and thrifty, hot-headed and close-fisted, took a wife. What a world of Sons were born to me misery that brought me another anxiety Heigho struggling to make all the money I could for them I have worn out the !

:

!

prime of

!

my life in getting

it.

Now in

this last act

drama the reward that my toil for them receives is dislike That brother of mine with no effort enjoys all a father s comforts. They love To him they confide all him, they skulk from me. their designs, on him they bestow their affection, in his house the pair of them spend their time., and I am left desolate. They pray for his life, with me it s death they are waiting for, not a doubt of it. To me it has been an endless toil to bring them up, and he has made them his at an insignificant cost. I of

life s

!

all the misery, he enjoys all the delight. then, come, let us now adventure the opposite course and see whether / have any power of win

endure

Come

ning speech and kind act, since he challenges me Like him I desire to be loved and valued by to it. my own kin. If the means to that end be liberality and complaisance, I will play none but the leading The money will fail, but that matters least part. to

me who am

the oldest of the four.

ENTER Syrus

Syrus.

Please, Sir, your brother begs you not to go and leave us.

309

PUBLICS TERENT1US AFER Demea

quis

homo

agitur Syr us

?

o Syre noster, salve

quid

:

fit ?

quid

?

recte.

Demea

iam nunc haec

optumest. praeter naturam

tria

o nosier, quid

:

fit?

primum quid

servom baud inliberalem praebes te et lu bens

bene

addidi

agitur?"

tibi

faxini.

gratiam habeo.

Syrus

Demea

atqui, Syre,

hoc verumst et ipsa re experiere propediem.

quam mox virginem sed eccum Demeam. salvos sies.

Geta

Era, ego hue ad hos proviso

V.vi

accersant.

Demea o qui vocare

?

Geta.

Geta

Demea

Geta,

hominem maxunii

preti te esse hodie iudicavi aninio

nam

is

ob earn rem,

lubens bene faxim. et

;

mihi profectost servos spectatus

quoi dominus curaest, ita uti et tibi

meo

si

tibi sensi,

satis

Geta,

quid usus venerit,

meditor esse adfabilis

bene procedit. bonus

Geta

es,

quom haec

Demea pmilatim plebem primulum S10

facio

existumas.

meam.

890

THE BROTHERS Demea

Syrus, good in

Syrus

Whom do I see

(affecting great politeness)

hand

?

My good

What s doing? What

evening to you.

s

?

(astonished) All well, Sir. (aside) I have already used three new are not natural to me, which my good," phrases

Demea Excellent what

s

!

doing,"

what

s

in

(aloud)

hand."

You

but you have something of the gentleman about you, and I should be delighted to do you a good turn.

are

Syrus

a

servant

Thank you. Sir. mean it and you will

(bowing but incredulous)

Demea But, Syrus,

I

really

ENTER Geta FROM Geta

Sostrata

m

s.

Ma am,

to see stepping round, for the bride. send to Ah, how soon they are ready there s Demea. (comes forward) Good evening, Sir. (at the duo*-)

Demea Ah, what Geta

find it so

[EXIT Syrus.

directly.

Geta,

is

I

your name

?

Sir.

Demea Geta,

I

assure you

I

have settled

in

my mind

that

Dear me, yes, it s you are a very valuable person. a tried and proved servant that looks after his master s interests, as I have perceived you to do, and for this reason I shall be glad of the Geta, a good turn, (aside) opportunity of doing you affability, and with much success.

I

am

practising

Geta

A kind gentleman you are, Sir, to think so well of me.

Demea

(aside)

Man by man

I

make

a start in winning over

the masses. 311

Acs.

PUBLIUS TEUENTIUS AFER Occidunt me equidem, dum nimis sanctas

V.vii

student facere

Demea quid

agitur, Aeschine

imptias

consumunt diem.

in adparando

:

900

?

ehem, pater mi, tu hie eras ? Demea tuos hercle vero et animo et natura pater, qui te amat plus quam liosce oculos. sed quor non

Aes.

domum uxorem

aceersis

?

Aei

cupio tibicina et

;

hymenaeum

verum hoc mihi moraest, qui cantent.

Demea

eho, vin tu huic seni auscultare

Aes.

Demea

?

quid

?

missa haec face, turbas lampades tibiciiias, atque hanc in horto maceriam iube dirui quantum potest hac transfer unam fac domum traduce et matrem et familiam omnem ad nos.

hymenaeum

:

;

;

Aes.

placet,

pater lepidissume.

Demea

euge, iam lepidus vocor. aedes fient perviae, turbam domum adduce t, sumptu amittet multa quid mea ego lepidus ineo gratiam. iube mmciam dinumeret ille Babylo viginti minas. fratri

:

Syre, cessas ire ac facere

?

quid ego

Syrus

?

Demea

?

dirue.

tu

illas

abi et traduce. di tibi,

Geta.

bene

faciant,

tarn ex

Demea

quom

Demea^

te video nostrae familiae

animo factum

velle.

dignos arbitror.

312

910

THE BROTHERS ENTER Aeschinus. Aes.

They bore me to death with the ceremonies of the wedding. They re wasting the whole day over the arrange ments. (not seeing the others)

their anxiety over

all

Demea What s in hand, Aeschinus ? Ah, father dear, are you there ? Demea Yes indeed your father in heart no less than by nature, who loves you more than his own eyes. But why don t you fetch your wife across ? I m keen on it, but there s a hitch. They re waiting for Aes.

Aes.

the musician and the choir for the marriage hymn.

Demea

I say,

my

Aes.

What

is it,

man ?

boy, will you listen to an old Sir

?

Demea Drop

all this, the hymn, the to-do, the lanterns, the musicians, and have a hole knocked in the garden-wall this very moment. Bring her in that way, make one house of the two, bring mother and household and all into ours. Aes. Agreed, you old dear of a father I called an old dear now. Demea (aside) Bravo My brother s house will be turned into a thoroughfare, he ll have no end of people in, and it ll cost him heaven knows what. What does it matter to me ? I an old dear and step into favour. Now that !

!

m

m

Syrus

Don Magnifico may pay down his hundred at a time. (aloud} Syrus, why don t you go and do it ? Do what, Sir ?

Demea Knock a hole in the wall, (to Aeschinus) You go round and bring em through. [EXIT Syrus. Heaven bless you, Sir! I see you re a hearty Geta Demea

well-wisher to our family. I think they deserve it.

you say to

it?

(to

Aeschinus)

What do

[EXIT OVte.

PUBLICS TERENTIUS AFER quid tu

ais

Acs.

?

p20

sic opinor.

Demea

quam

illam

multo rectiust puerperam hue nunc duci per viam

aegrotam. Aes.

nil

Demea Micio

V.

enim

mi

vidi melius,,

pater.

sed eccum Micio egreditur foras. lubet frater ? ubi is est ? tun iubes hoc, Demea

sic soleo.

?

.

.Vlll

Demea ego vero iubeo

et hac re et aliis

quam maxume unam

omnibus

facere nos hanc familiam,

colere adiuvare adiungere. Aes.

Micio

ita

haud

Demea

primum huius

immo hercle ita nobis decet. uxorist mater.

Micio

est.

Demea proba

?

930

ita aiunt.

Demea

natu grandior. scio.

Demea

parere iam diu haec per annos non potest iiec qui earn respiciat

quisquam

Micio

est

:

;

solast.

hie rem agit ? operam ut fiat dare.

quam

Demea hanc Micio

quid postea

et modesta.

Micio Micio

quaeso, pater.

aliter censeo.

me

Demea

te

aequomst ducere, ducere autem ?

et te

te.

me ?

Micio

Demea

te inquam.

Micio

iiieptis.

Demea

si

314

tu

sis

homo,

THE BROTHERS Aes.

I

am

quite of your mind. for a mother in her

Demea Much better than

weak

state

Demea

to be carried along the street. Yes, I never saw anything better done, father. way, my way. Ah, here comes Micio. {off-hand)

Micio

My

Aes.

My

brother

ENTER Micio MUCH SURPRISED. s orders ? Where is he ? (comes forward)

Your orders, Demea ? Demea Yes, my orders. In this way and in every other way I would have us make one household of it, support, assistance, union, everything.

Micio

Yes, please, father. I not against it.

Demea

I

Aes.

m

should think not:

Now Micio

True

it s

in the first place our what follows ?

the thing for us to do. boy s wife has a mother.

:

Demea An honest and reputable person. Micio They tell me so. Demea Not quite young. That s evident. Micio Demea Too old to be a mother and with no one She s alone in the world. after her. Micio

What

s

he got in

Demea The (to

Micio

his

head

?

you to right thing Aeschinus) ought to bring for

is

(horrified)

to look

marry her, and you

him

to

it.

/marry?

Demea You. Micio

I ?

Demea You, Micio

How

Demea

(to

I say.

silly you are Aeschinus) If you were worth your salt he d do !

it.

315

PUBLIUS TERENTIUS AFER hie faciat.

mi pater

Acs.

!

quid tu autem huic, asine, auscultas

Micio

Demea fieri aliter

non

:

potest.

Micio

deliras.

sine te exorem,

Aes.

Micio

?

nil agis

insanis

:

mi

pater.

aufer.

Demea

age, da veniam

filio.

Micio

demum

ego novos maritus anno

satin sanus es ? quinto et sexagen-

sumo fiam atque anum decrepitam auctores mihi ? Aes.

Micio

Demea Micio

Demea

fac

ducam

?

idrie

estis

promisi ego illis. promisti autem ? de te largitor, puer. te maius oret ? si quid age, quid quasi non hoc sit maxumum. da veniam. :

ne gravare.

Aes.

Demea

fac, promitte.

non

Micio

omittitis

?

Aes.

non, nisi te exorem.

Micio

haec quidem. age prolixe, Micio. etsi hoc mihi pravom ineptum absurdum atque alienum a vita mea

Demea Micio

vis est

videtur,

si

vos tanto opere istuc voltis,

fiat.

bene

Aes.

Demea merito te amo. verum Micio

quid

Micio

?

ego dicam, hoc quom confit quod

Demea

quid nunc quod restat

Demea

Hegio Slfi

facis.

.

.

volo.

?

est hie his cognatus

proxumus,

94-0

THE BROTHERS Micio coaxingly) Father mine. Micio And why do you listen to him, donkey ? Demea It s no good objecting,, you can t help it Micio You re clean mad. Acs.

(to

Acs.

Do it for sake, father, (lays his hand on Micio s shoulder) You re daft, off with you (shakes him off)

Micio

my

!

Demea Come now, oblige your son. Micio Arj you in your senses? /.become after five

old Acs.

Micio

and

woman

?

a bridegroom

and marry a broken-down that what you advise me ?

sixty years Is

Do, please I have promised them. Promised them, have you ? Be bountiful with your ;

own

self, child.

Demea Come, what

if he asked for something bigger ? Bigger ? Could there be anything bigger ? Demea Do comply. Don t be obdurate. Acs. Demea Do it, promise now. (Demea and Aeschinus have each a hand on a shoulder of Micio)

Micio

Micio

Won t

Aes.

Not

you leave me alone you re won over.

?

till

This is direct violence. Demea, Come, be generous, Micio. (a pause) Micio (unwillingly) Though this seems to me wrong,

Micio

ridiculous,

my way

and foreign to

you are both so bent on

it,

be

You are very kind. Demea You deserve my affection, but-

of

silly,

life, still, if

it so.

Aes.

Micio

Well

-

(pauses)

?

will tell you, since so far else is there ?

Demea

I

Micio

What

Demea There

is

my wishes are answered.

Hegio, their nearest relative, now a eon317

PUBLICS TERENTIUS AFER adfinis nobis

pauper

:

beiie nos aliquid facere

illi

decet.

Micio

quid facere

Demea huic

?

agellist hie

sub urbe paulum quod locitas foras

demus qui

fruatur.

Micio

959

paulum

id

autemst

Demea

si

faciundumst

:

.

pro patre huic

est,

?

multumst, tamen bonus est, noster

est, recte datur.

postremo nunc

meum

illud

Micio, beiie et sapienter dixti

verbum

dudum

facio

vitium

:

quod

commune

omniumst, quod nimium ad rem in senecta attenti sumus hanc maculam nos decet ecfugere. et dictumst vere et reapse Acs.

Wicio

fieri

tu,

"

:

oportet.

mi pater ager dabitur Hegioni quandoquidem !

quid istuc

?

hie volt. Aes.

gaudeo.

Demea nunc tu mihi

es

germanus

frater pariter

animo et

corpore.

V.ix

suo

sibi

gladio hunc iugulo.

Factumst quod

Syrus

Demea

frugi homo tentia

iudico

s,

Syrum

ergo edepol hodie fieri

esse

iussisti,

Demea.

mea quidem

sen-

960

aequom liberum. istunc liberum

Micio

?

quodnam ob factum ? Demea Syrus

multa. noster Demea, edepol vir bonu s ego istos vobis usque a pueris curavi ambos sedulo : docui, monui, bene praecepi semper quae potui omnia.

318

THE BROTHERS man

nexion of ours, not a rich something for him. Micio

:

we ought

to do

Do what ?

Demea You have something of a small farm out of town which you are by way of us give it to him for an income.

a

way

little

letting

:

let

Micio

Small do you

Demea

must be done. He has been a father to her, he s a worthy person, he s one of ourselves it s right to give it. In fact I adopt as mine the sound and wise saying which It s a flaw common to you uttered some time ago

call it

?

If it s a big one, still it

;

"

:

us

Aes.

Micio

all

that in old age

Demea

too

much

money."

it.

How glad I am Now you re my

real brother, soul as well as body.

(aside chuckling) I cut his throat with his

ENTER Syrus

of

:

desires Aes.

we think

That is a stain we ought to avoid. The saying was sound and should be carried out in action. Do, father. Very well Hegio shall have the farm as the boy

(to

own sword.

Syrus.

Demea) Your instructions have been

carried out,

Sir.

Demea That s an honest fellow, (to Micio) Well then on my word here s one juryman at any rate says it s right Syrus should be made a free man. That fellow made a free man ? Why ? Demea For many reasons. (to Demea) O Sir, you are a good man, Sir, I vow Syrus you are. I have looked after both the young gentlemen since their boyhood, zealously I have I ve taught em, counselled em, always given em good instructions as far as my power went. 319

Micio

PUBLIUS TERENTIUS AFER Demea

res apparet.

et

quidem porro haec, obsonare cum

fide,

scortum adducere, adparare de die convivium non mediocris hominis haec sunt officia. o lepidum caput :

Syrus

Demea postremo hodie

emunda

in psaltria ista

hie adiutor

foit,

hie curavit prodesse aequomst denique hie volt fieri. :

vin tu hoe

Micio

:

meliores erunt.

alii

fieri ?

Acs.

cupio.

Micio

si

tu vis

:

Syre, eho accede hue ad

me

:

quidem

bene

Syrus

omnibus gratiam habeo et seorsum Demea.

970

liber esto.

tibi

facis.

praeterea,

Demea gaudeo. et ego. credo,

Acs.

Syrus

utinam hoc perpetuom

fiat

gaudium,

Phrygian! ut uxorem meam una mecum videam liberam Demea optumam quidem mulierem. et quidem tuo nepoti huius filio tyrus hodie prima mammam dedit haec. hercle vero serio, Demea !

siquidem prima dedit, haud dubiumst quin emitti

aequom

siet.

ob earn rem ? ob earn, postremo a me argent um quantist sumito Demea di tibi, Demea, omnes semper omnia optata offerant Syrus Micio

!

Micio

Syre, processisti hodie pulchre.

Demea tu

tuom prae

320

siquidem porro, Micio, officium facies, atque huic aliquid paulum

manu

9^0

THE BROTHERS Demea The thing

s

manifest.

Why,

such things as honest

marketing, helping in a love affair, supplying a dinner at short notice, call for no mean fellow to do them. Oh, what a dear old gentleman Syrus Demea To crown all to day in buying the cithern-girl he !

was chief helper, it was he that got it done. It s right to do him some good, it ll improve the other the boy desires Besides fellows. (to Aeschinus) Do you desire it ? Immensely. (ironically) Of course if you wish it- -Here, Syrus, come here, (turns Syrus round and boxes his ear) Be free on that. Thank you, Sir, thank you. I am grateful to everybody and especially to you, Sir. (to Demea} it."

Mi^io Aes,

Micio

Syrus

am

Demea

I

Aes.

So am

Syrus

I

am

delighted.

plete,

with

I.

sure of

oh

me

Demea Yes, an Syrus

it.

if I

(wheedling)

joy com wife Phrygia free

To make my

could only see

my

!

excellent

woman.

Indeed, Sir, she was the your grandson, your son

first

to act as

wet nurse

to

son, Sir, she was indeed. in real earnest, as she was the first,

Demea Then by Jove beyond all doubt

emancipated. For that ? Demea For that. To end

it

is

s

just that

she

should be

Micio Syrus

O

Sir,

may heaven

it

let

me

pay you her value.

always give you every blessing

you pray for well for yourself to-day. Syrus, you ve done pretty Demea Yes, if only, Micio, you will complete your duty !

Micio

PUBLIUS TERENTIUS AFER unde utatur reddet

dederis,

:

tibi cito.

Micio Acs.

istoc vilius.

frugi

Syrus

homos t. reddam

hercle, da

modo.

Acs.

age, pater

Demea

faciet.

o vir optume

Syrus

o pater mi festivissume

Acs.

Micio

!

post consulam.

Micio

quid istuc tuos

?

!

quae res tam repente mores mutavit

?

quod prolubium Demea

?

quae istaec subitast largitas ? dicam tibi

:

ut id ostenderem, quod te isti facilem et festivom putant, id non fieri ex vera vita neque adeo ex aequo et bono, sed ex adsentando, indulgendo, largiendo, Micio. nuiic adeo

si

ob earn rem vobis mea

vita invisa,

Aeschine, est, quia non iusta iniusta prorsus omnia omnino obsequor, 990 missafacio: ecfundite,emite,facite quod vobis lubet. sed si id voltis potius, quae vos propter adulescentiam

minus videtis, magis inpense cupitis

consulitis parum, haec reprehendere et corrigere et obsecundare in

loco

,

:

ecce me, qui id faciam vobis.

Aes.

Demea

tibi, pater, permittimus plus scis quid opus factost. sed de fratre quid fiet ? sino

habeat

:

in istac finem faciat.

istuc recte.

Micio Cantor

^

322

plaudite

:

:

THE BROTHERS and advance the man something on. He ll repay you before long. Micio Acs.

Syrus

Micio

I

Demea

Aeschinus) He ll do it. The best of men you are, Sir. Oh my dear delightful father What s the meaning of this ?

Aes.

Demea

to live

!

Do now,

Micio

hand

Less than that (snaps his fingers) He s a good creature. I ll repay it, I swear I will. Do but give

Aes.

Syrus

in

ll

it, Sir.

father.

think about

it.

(to

[EXIT Syrus.

!

What

has brought about this sudden change in your ways ? What s the whim of it ? What s this sudden openness of hand ? I will tell you. I did it to show that what our boys account your good nature and pleasant ways doesn t spring from sincerity, no nor from justice

and goodness, but from complaisance, from indul Now if the gence, from an open hand, Micio. reason why my life is odious to you, Aeschinus, and to your brother is that I do not at once wholly fall in with all your desires, right or wrong, I wash

my

hands of But

Squander, spend, indulge every you choose rather, in points where your youthful eyes cannot see so far, where your de sires are stronger and your consideration inadequate, to have one to reprove and correct you and to indulge you when it is right, here am I to do it for you. We submit to you, father you know better what But what is to be done about is needful for us. caprice.

Aes.

it.

if

:

my

Demea Micio Mus.

brother ? consent, let him have his will, but let it be the last thing of the kind. A right decision. [EXEUNT OMNES. Clap your hands. I

323

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