SURVEY OF SPANISH-SPEAKING SCHOLASTICS IN BREWSTER COUNTY, TEXAS

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COLOEADO STATS COLLAGE OF EDUCATION O r e s l e y , C o lo r a d o The G r a d u a t e S c h o o l

SUETEY OF SPANISH-SPEAKING SCHOLASTICS IN 3HEWSTSR COUNTY, TEXAS

F i e l d S t u d y Number 1

Subm i t t e d in P a r t i a l F u l f i l l m e n t o f t h e R e q u i r e m e n t f o r t h e D egree o f D o c to r c f E d u c a tio n in C o lo r a d o S t a t e C o l l e g e o f E d u c a t i o n G r e e l e y , C o lo r a d o

M r s . V a l l y L. J o h n s o n

D iv is io n o f E d u c a tio n J u l y , 1950

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b u i l t t h r o u g h s p o r t s , s i n c e one g ro u p i s a s a d e q u a t e a s t h o o t h e r i n a th le tic a b ility .

C a b le XXVII, p a g e 85 , shows s p o r t s t o b e e f a v o r i t e

r e c r e a t i o n o f b o t h wr u u p s . h.

u f f o r m ore o p p o r t u n i t y f o r t h e d e v e lo p m e n t o f s p e c i a l t a l e n t s

s u c h a s a r t and; m u s i c ,

dene a u th o rs b e lie v e th e S p a n ish -sp e ak in g

p e o p le tc be v e ry t a l e n t e d i.

in th e a r t i s t i c f i e l d s .

o f f e r a h e a lt h and w e lfa r e pro g ram .

Lack o f a h e a l t h p ro g ra m

i s shown In t h i s s u r v e y . j.

A k i r d o r g f i r 4on s b c u I d bo e s t a b l i s h e d .

I n f o r m a t i o n on p a g e 78

shows t h a t t h e c h i l d r e n who a t t e n d t h e

k in d e rg a rte n a t th o C o m u n ity

C e n t e r f r e q u e n t l y made t h o f i r s t g r a d e

i n o:io y e a r , w h i l e o t h e r s

q u i r e d two o r e v e n t h r e e y e a r s b e c a u s e

c f th e language

k.

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in t o n y e a r s

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p r o g r e s s m ade.

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O nly i n r e c e n t y e a r s h a v e *w r e a l i z e d t h e i m p o r t a n c e o f g u i d a n c e f o r th e c h i l d .

I t h a s beer; p r o v e d h e l p f u l in many i n s t a n c e s , an d

gu id an ce s e r v i c e s a re o f f e r e d ird ,

in m ost h ig h s c h o o ls .

»«ith t h i s f a c t i n

i n t e r e s t was c r e u s e d in t h e i d e a c f a g u i d e nee p ro g ra m i n t h e

e le m e n ta ry s c h t c l f o r th e S p a n ish -s p e a k in g p u p i l s . Many o f t h e J p a n i a h - s p e a k i n g p u p i l s q u i t s c h o o l b e f o r e r e a c h i n g h i ph. s c h o o l . p o or,

School a tte r.d a r.c e of th e S p a n ia h - s p e a k in c c h i l d i s v e ry

.B efore c o n s i d e r i n g a g u i d a n c e p r o g r a m , i t was t h o u g h t a d v i s a b l e

t o ir.ako o s u r v e y t o show t h e s t a t u s c f t h e S p a n i s h - s p e a k i n g p u p i l s a s c om pered to t h e A n r lo p u p i l s o f t h i s c o u n t y .

T h i s s u r v e y show s t h a t

t h e r e a r e a g r e a t many d i f f e r e n c e s b e tw e e n t h e two g r o u p s , a n d w h e re the d i f f e r e n c e s a r e .

The d a t a g a t h e r e d f o r t h i s s t u d y a r e i n f o r m a t i o n

■/.hioh s h o u l d be h e l p f u l i n u n d e r s t a n d i n g th e S p a n i a h - 3 p e a k i n g g r o u p a nd i a t a g u i d a n c e p r o g r a m c a n bo w orked ou w h ic h w i l l e n c o u r a g e c o n t i n u a n c e in s c h o o l p a s t t h o e l e m e n t a r y g r a d e s for

h

l a r g e r p e rc e n ta g e o f th o S p n n ish -o p o a k ln g c h i l d r e n . guidance is

kn o w ledge o f

tly

in d iv id u a l, but a

home b a c k g r o u n d , e d u c a t i o n , r e c r e a t i o n , a nd a m b i t i o n s

o f th o group a s a w hole s h o u l d bo h e l p f u l .

I t was fro m a r e a l i s a t i o n

o f t h i s n e e d t ; . a t t h i s s t u d y 'was d e v e l o p e d . a i d s it; t h i s s t u d y w i l l b e a p p l i e d to p r a c t i c a l ■

and t h a t t h e u n d e s i r a b l e e le m o n ta c a n b e e l i m i n a t e d . tain e d

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Tho w r i t e r i s i n d e e d g r a t e f u l to h e r a d v i s o r , h r . H e le n D a v i s , and t o t h e o t h e r members o f h e r c o m m i t t e e ,

D r. A n n ie

D r . E a r l e iv u ^r, and h r . L e s l i e Z e l e a y , f o r

t h e i r g en ero u s a d v ic e ,

c r i t i c i s m s , and mrny n u r t i n o n t s n a r e s t i c nr

y i v o n h e r w h i l e w o r k i n g on

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w ith o u t th e c o o p e ra tio n o f th o fo llo w *

i r g p e o p l e t h i s s t u d y c o u l d n o t h a v e b e e n r .s d a :

h r . L e y t o n C a in ,

L r . L a r i b l o n d , L r . L. A. .-C h ilia n , L .ra . L a u ra . i o n d e r s o a , and l i r a . L liz o b o th B led so e.

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ASSTKAt

AGKUOiVLEDSllENT...................................................................................................................

ix

TABLE CF CONTENTS...............................................................................................................

x

LIST OF TABLES .........................................................................................................................x i i CHAPTER I . 1. 2. 3. 4.

INTRODUCTION............................................................................................

1

The P r o b l e m .................................................................................................... D e f i n i t i o n o f T erns ................................................................. S e t t i n g .............................................................................................................. P r o c e d u r e s and T e c h n iq u e s .....................................................

2 3 4 7

CHAPTER I T . 1. 2. 3. 4.

REVIEW OF RELATEDLITERATURE........................................................

10

B a c k g r o u n d ..................................................................................... E d u c a t i o n ......................................................................................................... R e c r e a t i o n and D e l i n q u e n c y ................................................................... S u m m a r y ...............................................................................................

10 17 25 28

CHAPTER I I I . 1. 2. 3.

HCITE BACKGROUND..................................................................................

30

F a m i l y ................................................................................................................... LCOi^c n u c v o u d ,x >.xo n s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . S u m m a r y .......................

30 35 42

CHAPTER 1 7 , 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

EDUCATION.................................................................................................

44

A t t e n d a n c e .......................................................................................................... P e r s i s t e n c y i n S c h o o l ...................................... . T r u a n c y .............................................................................................................. R a t e o f A c h i e v e m e n t ..................................... T r a n s o i e n c y .................................................................................................... R e t a r d a t i o n ..................................................................................................... R o s t P o p u l a r and R o s t U n p o p u la r S u b j e c t s ................................. S e g r e g a t i o n ..................................... 7 o c e t . i r r . n l Asp i r e t i n n ............................................... S u m m e r y ..........................................

44 45 50 51 51 53 62 62 70 70

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) j

TArL~ J ? Lu..,TESTS (COHTIITj ED) Page CHAPTER 7 .

ORGAN12 AT 1015 . ........................................................................................

74

The L a tin -A w * r l c a n C o a x u n i t y C e n t e r ................... C l u b s .................................................................................................................... S u a s a r y ..................................

75 78 81

•CHAPTER V I . RECrtEATIti: OF THE SFAKISH-SFSAKIK3 PUPILS Hi GRADES FOUR THROUGH SIGHT III SRSHSTBH CQUIiTY..........................................

82

1» , 3* 2

1. 2.

3. 4. 5. 5. 7. 8.

hose ...................................... 82 A c t i v i t i e s W iish t h e C h i l d r e n P a r t i c i p a t e i n a nd D e s i r e ................................................ 83 L o t i o n P i c t u r e Show s.................................................................................. 88 ilu sic . . . . . . 90 rea d in g . . . . . . . . . . . . ................... . ......................... 93 M isc e lla n e o u s E x p e rie n c e s . . . . . . . . . ........................ 106 D e lin q u e n c y . . . . ......................... . . . . . . . . . . . . 106 Summary .................................................................................................................110

CHAPTER V I I . 1. 2. 3. 4.

Sl&A.AKY, COHCLFSICFS. AFTL RECCEIMERDATIG1S.............................112

The C o l l e c t i o n o f D a te and O r g a n i z a t i o n . ................................. 112 S i g n i f i c a n t F a c t s R e v e a le d i n t h e S t u d y .................................... 113 C o n c l u s i o n s ............................................................................................................117 R ecom m endations ................................................................... 113

AY.GTATLD SIRLIOGRAPhY.............................................. .................................................. 124 AFPLHDIX A.

^ULSTIO; H'AI-iE USED............................................................................. 137

APFEGDLX. 3 . KETfiOFOLITAl; ACHIEVEL.EYT TEST: CLASS ANALYSIS CHART............................................................................................................................

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146

________________ ____________________________________ ____________________ z i i LIST OF TABLES r a .£ 0 TABLE I .

S I Z E CP' PALELI5S .AT ROUSES :•.? (A) ANGLOS AND (L ) LAT Iu!-ALSR1 UA L S ..................................... .

31

TABLE I I . LATIN-Al'ERICADCHILDREN I F L'EE7»37EL COULDY DHC3S PARENTS ALL ORAUDPAESMTS TELE !L.T 5CRN 111 TBS UNITEDSTATES

33

TABLE I I I . THE IIUMBEK OF LAXIX-AV.ERIfJASI HOMES VfHERE ENGLISH IS HOT SPOKEN. ..............................................................

34

TABLE 1 7 . CONVENIENCES I PL I'CAT INC PEG CRESS IN ECONOMIC ADVANCED-NT.................................................................................. .... ....................... 3 c TABLE 7 .

OCCUPATION Cl- PARENTS UP' SrAYISK-SFSAXT NS CHILDREN . .

38

TABLE V I . OCCUPATIONS CP Fx KENTS UP' NEXT'Ca N Ch.ILLK.EN, ALL D I S T R IC T S ..........................................................................................................................39 TABLE V I I .

EDUCATION Or' PARENTS.........................................................

41

TABLE V I I I . ITT BEL ENROLLED I P ' ALPINE SCr.COLS AS NOTED JANUARY 1 5 j A'L 3A.OQL CENSUS, APES 0 -2 1 YEARS, *S NOTED APRIL 10, FOR THE YEARS 1939, 1 9 4 1 , A D 1 9 4 6 ........................................ 45 TABLE IX. AGE-GRADE CP’ SPAinSE-SPEARI XS ■iIXL.LhA/IALS AT TILE of y/ ithceadal , 1 9 3 9 -1 9 4 8 ........................................................................................ 47 TABLE X. AGE-TRADE UP Al-BLC LIT uINCLVALS AT TIME CF AIT'LPANXL, 1 9 3 9 - 1 9 4 8 ..........................................................................................................................49 TABLE X I . ESTIMATED REASON'S, EXTLESS EL IN PEL CENT, FOR ABSENCES AIL '.VIT''U.;AVALS -UAV SCI.FCL CF THE SPANISR-SPEAXINO F'JPILS. 52 TABLE X I I . ACHIEVEMENT, EXPRESSED IN MEDIANS, OF 355 CHILDREN IN GRADES 4 - 8 , ALPINE PUBLIC SCHOOLS, 1 3 4 9 - 1 9 4 9 , A3 3:ICXi LY ILL NE7E0P0LITAN PA LIEU.--'ENT TEST. . . . . . . . . . . .

54

TABLE X I I I .

AOS-GRADE FLAGS' SU? OF 3 5 6 ANGLO FUPILS, 1 9 3 6 - 1 9 3 S .

55

TABLE XIV. AGE-GRADE PLAC EVENT UF 333 SPANISH-SPEARING PUPILS, 1 3 3 8 -1 9 3 9 ....................................................................................................................

56

TABLE XV.

57

AGE-3RAIL PLACEMENT Or 355 ANGLO PUPILS, 1 9 4 0 - 1 9 4 1 .

.

TABLE XVI. AGE-GRADS PLASSvENT OF 393 SPANISH-SPEANING PUPILS, 1 9 4 0 - 1 3 4 1 ..........................................................................................................................56 T

I -“-i XU1 _

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60

................................... .................................................................................................................. - T i l l I 'a - e

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UXU1L Z 7 1 Z I , ASS-Sl-uOS PLACE,■1SK? i p 418 3FXX3i-3PLAKIKG p u p i l s , 1 3 4 5 - 1 3 4 5 ........................ .... ...................................... .... ...........................................

61

TABLE X IX . EE aojLLUEUT .L ilO A U CPILUREK BY A3S3 AUD ORa LES IK A SILULE 2 1 S T R I C T ; P a t l i a , r a r c oh i e l , t :d '.:rlvst*s s c h o o l s j ,

63

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RUR I 1Up I US IK GRADES 4 - S . . .

S .iJ E S T S ,«„_'3T UKr-LULtai Al'i K PUPILS I I GllADES 4 - 8 .

X L :Li X R II .

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64 US

'.U'J'.PLi-IvULL P L R L .iL SE3 oO ’. RE P IP IL 3 IK

GRADES 4 - 3 .............................................

TABLE X X I I I .

71

UiR'AOIEA'1!' U 8 1.* ’.«L iCE U’UL 3U.::L,.L UilLK.lEL IX

BAEVi'SlER COU1-TY a r

GRADES 4 - 8 A rX X E L 9 E R S ..............................................

70

AEaSOKS PUPILS GAGE XUK KG? BELCAGrX; TO AT r ...............................................................................................................

eo

TABLE XXV. TYPE OF AULA LCIL IX AFTLUKXOX b Y CKILUXEU IK 3HALES 4 - 8 AIL TEE I E HEASOK PUP. .'.0HKIK8.................................................... . .

34

TASK .......................................

85

RECREAT'D? UAL A C T I V I T I E S UtlRCK XXL CHILDREX OF GRADES 4 - 3 TAPE fAPT IX OP D E S I R E ..........................................................

86

TABLE IXXY.

o a g a k ix a i i o

TABLE XXVI•

ALOUI.T -X SFEXDI’X KriLY PER

TABLE X X V I I .

TABLE X X V III.

RRRSS 01- TILES PEL RAKTA. IRE Sr. ILL RED I!: GRADES

ATT El ID THE P IC T U R E S i X V t f ......................................................................................

89

TABLE XXIX. TPS TYPE 0 ? PICTURE SEOAS LIKED BEST BY THE CP ILK REK IK GRADES 4 - 9 . ..................................................................................

31

TYPE OF LUSIC r.oXEERRU BY YKE PUPILS IK GRADES 4 - 8 .

92

TABLE XXXI. TYPE OK BOOKS P.REFS PLED BY IRE SPIED RED IK GRADES 4 - 3 ....................................................................................................................

34

TABLE X X X I I . K I P P E R OF rOOKS IK THE HOLES 0 ; TRE PUPILS III GRADES 4 - 8 ...................................................................................................................

96

TALLY X X X III.

SOURCE CP B O O K S .............................................................................

97

x x x iv . l x g a z ik l s i k tke yokes of t e e r u r i L s i;; grades 4 - 9 ..................................................................................................................................

98

4 -8

TABLE XXX.

Ta ble

TABLE XXXV.

COKICS LIKED SSST BY PUPILS IK GRADES 4 - 8 ......................... 102

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Ha3L2 XXXVI.

C0NVSIASC£3 IX VBICH. THE PUPILS oF SHADES 4 - 9

|

liAYS H ID D E X

: a ble XXXVII. a t t s ^ ia nse a ? c e r t a i n eve n ts by t e e FUFILS IX SHADES 4 - S ..............................................................................................................

.

107

!

109

I I I

I ABLE XXXVIII. FACILITIES B I T : THE PUPILS IN SHADES 4 - 8 DSSIKE ?*