Step by Step Drawing Ocean Animals For Kids: How to Draw Book For Kids, Sharks, Whales, Clownfish, Dolphins, Seals, Crabs, Seahorse, Turtles, Octopus and Many More 9798584130442

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Step by Step Drawing Ocean Animals For Kids: How to Draw Book For Kids, Sharks, Whales, Clownfish, Dolphins, Seals, Crabs, Seahorse, Turtles, Octopus and Many More
 9798584130442

Table of contents :
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About the author
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PETS FACTS 1. How big is the ocean? Our oceans cover more than 70% of the world’s surface.    2. How old is the ocean? 4 billion years old.    3. How much life is in the ocean? The majority of life on this planet lives in the ocean! Over 90% of all creatures live underwater.   4. How many oceans are there? There are 4 oceans, the Pacific, Atlantic, Indian, and Arctic.   5. Which ocean is the biggest? The Pacific ocean. 
6. What is the difference between an ocean and a sea? The sea is a small portion of the ocean that has land on several sides.    7. How many animals are in the ocean? It is unknown how many animals are in the ocean but it is estimated that over one million different species dwell in the dark depths.    8. What is the biggest creature in the ocean? The Blue Whale! It grows up to 100 feet and weighs 200 pounds.    9. What is the loudest animal in the ocean? The Blue Whale as well! Not only are they the loudest animal in the ocean, but they’re also the loudest in the world with songs of 188 decibels that travel up to 99 miles.
10. What is the most dangerous ocean animal? You might think the most dangerous animal would be a large predator, like a shark or whale, but actually, the most dangerous ocean animal is the Box Jellyfish, the world’s most venomous creature.    11. What is the biggest predator in the ocean? The Great White Shark.    12. What is something only sharks can do? They keep growing teeth for their whole lives! Sharks might grow as many as 30,000 teeth in their lifetime. Wow! 13. What is the smallest creature in the ocean? Plankton – microscopic creatures that live on the surface of the ocean.
14. What is the name of the fish that lures other fishes with its light? The Anglerfish! It lives deep in the ocean where there’s no light and uses a glowing lure to hunt other sea creatures.   15. What is the friendliest animal in the ocean? The Dolphin! They are one of the happiest creatures in the world – and are incredibly clever as well!   16. How do dolphins sleep? They sleep with only half their brain at a time, and always keep an eye open to look for predators.  
17. What ocean animal has blue blood? The Octopus! 18. What is the only male animal that gives birth? The Seahorse is the only male animal that gives birth to their babies.    19. What ocean animal is older than the dinosaurs? The Sponge!   20. What ocean animal can regrow their limbs? The Lobsters and the Sea Star. 
ANimals DESCRIPTIONS Angelfish Angelfish are small pancake-shaped fish that lives on algae. Their shape helps them move fast and turn swiftly through the coral reefs. There are many different color patterns for Angelfish, including black and yellow or blue and yellow. Barracuda Barracuda are serpent-shaped fish. They have large heads with long jaws and very sharp teeth! They live in tropical waters and usually hunt together or follow sharks to eat their leftovers. 
Basking Shark Basking Shark, also known as the Elephant Shark, is a huge shark that can grow up to 40 feet. It has a snout shaped like a cone and a massive jaw with hundreds of tiny teeth. They feed by swimming through the water with their mouths open, sucking in large amounts of water, and filtering out the tiny fish that get swept in it – which make a good meal for them! Blue Whale The Blue Whale is the largest animal that lives on planet Earth. They can grow up to 98 feet and weigh 190 tons. Their tongue weighs as much as an elephant and they don’t have any teeth – instead, they have baleen, a fibrous material that looks sort of like a toothbrush, which filters their food (krill). Bottlenose Dolphin Bottlenose Dolphins are one of the few sea creatures that breathe air, which means they often hang around near the surface of the ocean. Despite that, they’re excellent divers, and often dive up to 150 feet! Bottlenose Dolphins live in groups called “pods”. They can grow to 12 feet long and weigh 600 pounds. 
Bull Shark Bull Sharks can live in both salt and freshwater. Female Bull Sharks are bigger than males, weighing 290 pounds. The males are much smaller,  only usually getting to 210 pounds. They can live for 16 years in the wild. Butterfly Fish Butterfly Fish are small fish that live in groups. They display a variety of patterns and shades including black, white, blue, red, orange, and yellow. This helps them blend into their surroundings, as they live mostly in colorful coral reefs. Clown Fish Clown Fish live in warm waters and make their homes in anemones. This is because they are slow swimmers, and the anemone protects them, stinging any fish that might try to eat them. They are orange and white and with thin black stripes, and feed on plankton.   Coral Corals are made up of tiny little creatures called polyps. They live together and protect themselves by building hard cases of minerals. Many coral reefs have been for growing over a million years and provide a home to many other animals.
Crab Crabs are crustaceans with a hard exterior. They have eight legs and two claws. In some species of crab, the color of their claws differs by sex – despite being called the blue crab, males of that species have blue claws while females have red ones. Crabs live together and work in groups to gather food and protect their families. Cuttlefish Cuttlefish are a mollusk with large eyes, eight arms, and two tentacles that they use to hunt their food. They eat smaller mollusks, shrimp, crabs, and fish. They also have color-changing skin they use to hide from predators – and their unsuspecting prey! Dugong Dugongs, also known as Sea Cows, are mammals that live their whole life in the ocean. They can grow up to 10 feet and weigh 882 pounds. This sounds massive, but is actually surprisingly small, as Dugong are distantly related to elephants. Dusky Dolphin Dusky Dolphins are grey or dark blue with two creamy lines that go between their fins and tail. They can grow up to 7 feet and weigh 264 pounds. Dusky Dolphins are more active during the night and hunt with other dolphins.
Elephant Seal The Elephant Seal isn’t picky about where it lives – it can be found in the freezing waters of the Arctic or the warm seas off the coast of California and Mexico. They are the largest animal that lives both in the water and land. Elephants Seals grow up to be 11 feet and can weigh up to 1,375 pounds.   Fin Whale The Fin Whale is the second largest animal on earth. They are long and slender which makes them swim really fast, up to 23 mph. They like to swim in either warm or cold waters.  Flounder Flounders are flatfishes that live at the bottom of lagoons or oceans. When they are born they have an eye on each side of their head, but as they grow older, one eye moves until they are both on the same side. Weird! Fur Seal Fur Seals are related to Sea Lions. They have two flippers, which let them both walk on land and swim in the ocean. They have a thick layer of fat underneath brown fur to help them stay warm while swimming in the cold ocean.
Giant Clam The Giant Clam is the biggest mollusk growing up to 4 feet and weighing more than 500 pounds. It prefers warmer waters and eats algae.  Great White Shark Great White Sharks grow up to be 21 feet and weigh 7,000 pounds.  Great White Sharks have 300 pointy teeth arranged in 7 rows, and with their powerful tail they gather up speed that propels them 37 mph making them the biggest predatory fish.  Grey Reef Shark Grey Reef Shark can reach 6.6 feet in length and 66 pounds of weight. They have long bodies with a round snout and round large eyes. They even get sunburnt - Grey Reef Sharks often tan from the sun because they live in shallow waters! Hammerhead Shark Hammerhead Sharks can grow up to a length of 20 feet and weigh around 1,000 pounds.  Their name comes from the shape of their head, which looks uncannily like a hammer!
Hermit Crab Hermit Crabs have soft bodies and live in the shells of other animals. They continue growing throughout their lives, and when they outgrow their current shells, they search for a bigger one to move to. They spend a lot of time on land but they have gills like fish so that they can also breathe underwater. Horn Shark Horn Sharks live in warm waters near the Pacific Ocean. Just like Hammerhead Sharks, the Horn Sharks are named because of how the unusual shapes of their heads. They have brown or grey skin with dark spots. Horseshoe Crab Horseshoe Crabs have four eyes! They have two at the sides of their carapace and the other two at the front. They also have 12 legs and a tail they use to steer or to flip their bodies over. Humpback Whale Humpback Whales are known for being their acrobatic moves. They have long flippers, heads covered in knobs, and can grow up to be 46 feet and weigh 66,000 pounds. Unlike most whales, Humpback whales aren’t picky about where they live, and you can find them in most oceans.
Jellyfish Jellyfish have a bag-shaped body with long stringy tentacles. They have no brain, eyes, heart, or bones, and tend to float aimlessly through the water. But don’t be fooled – their tentacles pack a nasty punch, and they use these to sting their prey! Killer Whale Killer Whales are warm-blooded, much like other mammals, and they use their body fat to stay warm in the cold ocean waters.  They are known as “Killer” Whales because they are really good at hunting and eat around 500 pounds of food a day!  King Crab King Crabs live in shells made up of bright colors, including dark red, golden-orange, or brown-blue. They have five pairs of legs, but two of them are claws, and the ones on the right are always bigger. Lionfish Lionfish have brown and white striped bodies. They are venomous creatures that can be fatal to small (and even large) creatures, but they only use their venom to protect themselves. 
Lobster Lobsters are related to crabs and just like them, they have hard shells that cover their bodies. Lobsters have thin bodies, big claws, and long antennae.  Their shells are usually blueish with black patches, but when they’re cooked they turn red.  Manta Ray Manta Rays have slim triangular-shaped fins, flat bodies, and eyes on the sides of their broadheads.  They grow up to be 25 feet and weigh 2,900 pounds. Mantas may travel alone or in groups of other mantas - and even some species of fish. They eat shrimp, krill, and plankton.  Minke Whale Minke Whales are the second smallest species of whale, growing up to 30 feet and weighing 2,000 pounds. That sounds big, but for a whale, it’s tiny! They are grey, black, and sometimes a purplish tone, with a white belly, and are known for swimming very fast.   Moray eEl Moray Eel are shaped like snakes with a thin fin that runs down their back. There are various sizes and colors of eels but they can grow up to be 13 feet long. They are nocturnal animals and prefer to live between rocks or coral reefs. 
Nurse Shark Nurse Sharks like to swim by the bottom of the sea. They grow up to be 8.8 feet and weigh 264.5 pounds. They like to eat crabs, coral, and small fish. They are nocturnal and are social animals that swim in groups of up to 40 other sharks.   Octopus Octopuses have a balloon-like body with two eyes, eight long tentacles, and a beak they use to eat. Their tentacles are covered in suckers, which they use to feel their way around the ocean floor. They are invertebrates, which means they have no bones and can fit tight spaces. Oyster Oysters can grow to 12 inches and, like mollusks, they have soft bodies that are enclosed in oval-shaped shells. They are found on shallow waters and shores where they attach themselves to rocks or shells. Prawn Prawns are crustaceans that look a lot like regular shrimp, except they’re a bit larger. They can often be found in calmer waters, perfect for laying their eggs.
Pufferfish Pufferfish, also known as Blowfish, get their name from their ability to fight predators by inflating their body up to twice their normal size. They do this by gulping water. This technique makes their spines more dangerous –they release a toxin that is foul-tasting and potentially deadly to other fish. Scorpion Fish Scorpion Fish, also known as Rockfish, live on the surface of the ocean in coral reefs, which they use to hide from other predators. They have feathery flaps and are a dull yellow, brown, or red color. Scorpion Fish have very potent venom and are one of the most poisonous animals in the ocean. Sea Slug Sea Slugs are small marine invertebrates that resemble normal land slugs. They are often brightly colored as a warning to other animals to tell them not to eat them – they’re both toxic and venomous. Not a nice meal for an unsuspecting sea creature! Sea Squirt Sea Squirts are marine animals that are almost completely immobile. They live in warm temperatures and tropical waters, usually in coral reefs. 
Sea Turtle Sea Turtles are one of the oldest creatures that inhabit the earth. They can hold their breath for up to 5 hours underwater. While other animals think Jellyfish are dangerous, Sea Turtles think they are delicious, and it makes up most of their diet. Seahorse Seahorses are tiny creatures that are named after the shape of their heads. They are the only male species that gives birth and cares for their little ones and they can be found in tropical waters.  Sea Urchin Sea Urchins are globe-shaped animals covered by spines – a lot like hedgehogs. They have five individual sets of jaws that have only one tooth each, which they use to eat small animals and algae.   Shrimp Shrimp are small crustaceans that vary in size depending on species. They can be so tiny you can barely see them, or grow up to be 12 inches. Shrimp live in groups called ‘schools’ and talk to each other by making snapping noises.
Sperm Whale Sperm Whales have the biggest head of any animal, making up a third of their bodies and their brains can weigh over 17 pounds. Sperm Whales can grow up to be 68 feet long and weigh 160,000 pounds.  Spiny Dogfish Spiny Dogfish is one of the most common sharks. They can grow up to be 35 inches and weigh 22 pounds. Spiny Dogfish generally live in the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. Sponge Sponges are an animal with no mouth, heart, or brain. Instead, their bodies are full of pores. Just like plants, Sponges grow all their life in the same spot.    Squid Did you know Squid has no bones? Their bodies are shaped like a tub, with arms and tentacles hidden in their bodies, but can shoot out to capture their prey. They like to live in both the shallow waters and depths of the ocean. 
Starfish Starfish are also called Sea Stars. Their bodies are invertebrates with five arms that they use to move around. Starfish have the ability to regrow their limbs if they ever lose them. Stingray Stingrays are often mistaken for Manta-Ray, but they are two completely different species. Stingrays have two eyes at the top of their flat bodies, and at the bottom, they have their mouth and gills. Because of this, they hunt their prey by smell instead of sight. Tang The Tang, also known as Palette Tang, gets its name because its body looks like an artist’s paint palette. They grow up to be 12 inches and their diet consists of plankton and algae. Tiger Shark Tiger Sharks are nocturnal, solitary, and very aggressive. They grow up to be 18 feet and weigh 2000 pounds. Tiger sharks usually like to swim in tropical waters but they may explore all types of water.
Whale Shark Whale Sharks are the biggest fish that we know of, growing up to 41.5 feet and weight 43,000 pounds. They are docile, slow animals that eat krill, squid, and small fishes.  Wrasse Wrasses are really bright colors and have an elongated body shape and distinctive thick lips. They are usually quite small, growing up to 7.9 inches.     Zebra Shark Zebra sharks are named after the stripes they display when they’re young, but as they mature their stripes evolve into spots. They are easy-going and like to spend their day swimming on the ocean floor.
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Head’s Structure  The head, just like the body, is formed by different basic geometrical figures, dots and lines.
Proportions  When we are drawing our environment, we can discover our own style of drawing by altering certain features and creating a completely different drawing than the one you started with. Some variations may be to magnify or minimize your drawing’s eyes, tracing thicker or thinner or even to change the drawing’s original head, hands and feet proportions. Beware! Always remember to respect certain features’ proportions or your drawing can turn out to look deformed.
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Stop right there!
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Angelfish
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Barracuda
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Basking shark
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black-tailed damselfish
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Blowfish
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blue surgeonfish
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blue whale
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Bottlenose Dolphin
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bull shark
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Butterfly fish
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cachalot
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clown fish
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coral
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crab
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Cuttlefish
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Dugong
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dusky dolphin
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elephant seal
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Flounder
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Fur seal
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Great white shark
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Grey reef shark
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Hammerhead Shark
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hermit crab
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horn shark
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Humpback Whale
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Jelly fish
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killer whale
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Narwhal
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Nurse shark
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Octopus
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pacific cleaner shrimp
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Prawn
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Scorpion fish
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Sea dragon
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Seahorse
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Sea slug sheep
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Sea turtle
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Spiny Dogfish
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Squid
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Star fish
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Tiger shark
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Whale shark
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Wrasse
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Zebra shark
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cthulhu
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Island Turtle
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Kraken
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Sea Dragon
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Sea Mermaid
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Did you like this book?
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Citation preview

CONTENTS Imprint About the author Dedication Introduction Facts Animals Descriptions Instructions Illustrations: Ocean Animals Scene Ocean Animals Scene Angelfish Barracuda Basking Shark Black-tailes Damselfish Blowfish Blue Surgeonfish Blue Whale Bottlenose Dolphin Bull Shark Butterfly Fish Cachalot Clown Fish Coral Crab Cuttlefish Dugong Dusky Dolphin Elephant Seal Flounder Fur Seal Great White Shark Grey Reef Shark Hammerhead Shark Hermit Crab Horn Shark Humpback Whale Ocean Animals Scene

Ocean Animals Scene Jelly Fish Killer Whale Narwhal Nurse Shark Octopus Pacific Cleaner Shrimp Prawn Scorpion Fish Sea Dragon Seahorse Sea Slug Sheep Sea Turtle Spiny Dogfish Squid Starfish Tiger Shark Whale Shark Wrasse Zebra Shark Mythical Animals Cthulhu Island Turtle Kraken Sea Dragon Sea Mermaid Acknowledgments Did you like this book?

STEP BY STEP Copyrights 2020 Little Pencil All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced or transmitted in any form, including electronic or mechanical without written permission from the publisher, except in the case of brief quotations embodied in critical articles or reviews. This book is licensed for your personal enjoyment only.

Published by: Little Pencil [email protected]

About the author Miriam R. Ahumada is a young illustrator that as much as she loves to draw, she also loves to sing. That is a dream she still has time to pursue. Miriam started drawing as a youngling of only three years thanks to his father and his T.V preferences. Yes, that's right. She liked watching the one, and only Bob Ross draw happy trees. Then when she was a little bit older, her inspiration became her cousin and her aunt Teresa, who showed them a lot of her own art when she was their age. Eventually, she discovered Loish and decided to dive into digital art. Miriam gathers inspiration from a lot of places and people like her own friends and various artist, and she hopes that looking into this book as easy or difficult as this drawing may seem that

you get the inspiration to create your own art and explore all you can do!

This is for my mother. She keeps on pushing me forward and guiding me through life. You really are my angel on earth. •

INTRODUCTION The ocean has always been a mystery, filled with incredible creatures that make my mind wander. This book is for you: let yourself learn and give each drawing something of your own. Every drawing is explained step by step in a simple form so you’ll get the hang of it in no time! You’ll learn how to make the basic shapes how to create the main structure of your drawings, and how to make every line and angle work,

Hey, if it doesn't exactly look like in your head, don't beat yourself up. Every developed skill needs practice. So be patient, practice, but most of all,

HAVE FUN!

PETS FACTS 1. How big is the ocean? Our oceans cover more than 70% of the world’s surface.

2. How old is the ocean? 4 billion years old.

3. How much life is in the ocean? The majority of life on this planet lives in the ocean! Over 90% of all creatures live underwater.

4. How many oceans are there? There are 4 oceans, the Pacific, Atlantic, Indian, and Arctic.

5. Which ocean is the biggest? The Pacific ocean.

6. What is the difference between an ocean and a sea? The sea is a small portion of the ocean that has land on several sides.

7. How many animals are in the ocean?

It is unknown how many animals are in the ocean but it is estimated that over one million different species dwell in the dark depths.

8. What is the biggest creature in the ocean?

The Blue Whale! It grows up to 100 feet and weighs 200 pounds.

9. What is the loudest animal in the ocean?

The Blue Whale as well! Not only are they the loudest animal in the ocean, but they’re also the loudest in the world with songs of 188 decibels that travel up to 99 miles.

10. What is the most dangerous ocean animal? You might think the most dangerous animal would be a large predator, like a shark or whale, but actually, the most dangerous ocean animal is the Box Jellyfish, the world’s most venomous creature.

11. What is the biggest predator in the ocean? The Great White Shark.

12. What is something only sharks can do?

They keep growing teeth for their whole lives! Sharks might grow as many as 30,000 teeth in their lifetime. Wow!

13. What is the smallest creature in the ocean?

Plankton – microscopic creatures that live on the surface of the ocean.

14. What is the name of the fish that lures other fishes with its light?

The Anglerfish! It lives deep in the ocean where there’s no light and uses a glowing lure to hunt other sea creatures.

15. What is the friendliest animal in the ocean? The Dolphin! They are one of the happiest creatures in the world – and are incredibly clever as well!

16. How do dolphins sleep?

They sleep with only half their brain at a time, and always keep an eye open to look for predators.

17. What ocean animal has blue blood? The Octopus!

18. What is the only male animal that gives birth? The Seahorse is the only male animal that gives birth to their babies.

19. What ocean animal is older than the dinosaurs? The Sponge!

20. What ocean animal can regrow their limbs? The Lobsters and the Sea Star.

ANimals DESCRIPTIONS Angelfish

Angelfish are small pancake-shaped fish that lives on algae. Their shape helps them move fast and turn swiftly through the coral reefs. There are many different color patterns for Angelfish, including black and yellow or blue and yellow.

Barracuda

Barracuda are serpent-shaped fish. They have large heads with long jaws and very sharp teeth! They live in tropical waters and usually hunt together or follow sharks to eat their leftovers.

Basking Shark

Basking Shark, also known as the Elephant Shark, is a huge shark that can grow up to 40 feet. It has a snout shaped like a cone and a massive jaw with hundreds of tiny teeth. They feed by swimming through the water with their mouths open, sucking in large amounts of water, and filtering out the tiny fish that get swept in it – which make a good meal for them!

Blue Whale

The Blue Whale is the largest animal that lives on planet Earth. They can grow up to 98 feet and weigh 190 tons. Their tongue weighs as much as an elephant and they don’t have any teeth – instead, they have baleen, a fibrous material that looks sort of like a toothbrush, which filters their food (krill).

Bottlenose Dolphin

Bottlenose Dolphins are one of the few sea creatures that breathe air, which means they often hang around near the surface of the ocean. Despite that, they’re excellent divers, and often dive up to 150 feet! Bottlenose Dolphins live in groups called “pods”. They can grow to 12 feet long and weigh 600 pounds.

Bull Shark

Bull Sharks can live in both salt and freshwater. Female Bull Sharks are bigger than males, weighing 290 pounds. The males are much smaller, only usually getting to 210 pounds. They can live for 16 years in the wild.

Butterfly Fish

Butterfly Fish are small fish that live in groups. They display a variety of patterns and shades including black, white, blue, red, orange, and yellow. This helps them blend into their surroundings, as they live mostly in colorful coral reefs.

Clown Fish

Clown Fish live in warm waters and make their homes in anemones. This is because they are slow swimmers, and the anemone protects them, stinging any fish that might try to eat them. They are orange and white and with thin black stripes, and feed on plankton.

Coral

Corals are made up of tiny little creatures called polyps. They live together and protect themselves by building hard cases of minerals. Many coral reefs have been for growing over a million years and provide a home to many other animals.

Crab

Crabs are crustaceans with a hard exterior. They have eight legs and two claws. In some species of crab, the color of their claws differs by sex – despite being called the blue crab, males of that species have blue claws while females have red ones. Crabs live together and work in groups to gather food and protect their families.

Cuttlefish

Cuttlefish are a mollusk with large eyes, eight arms, and two tentacles that they use to hunt their food. They eat smaller mollusks, shrimp, crabs, and fish. They also have colorchanging skin they use to hide from predators – and their unsuspecting prey!

Dugong

Dugongs, also known as Sea Cows, are mammals that live their whole life in the ocean. They can grow up to 10 feet and weigh 882 pounds. This sounds massive, but is actually surprisingly small, as Dugong are distantly related to elephants.

Dusky Dolphin

Dusky Dolphins are grey or dark blue with two creamy lines that go between their fins and tail. They can grow up to 7 feet and weigh 264 pounds. Dusky Dolphins are more active during the night and hunt with other dolphins.

Elephant Seal

The Elephant Seal isn’t picky about where it lives – it can be found in the freezing waters of the Arctic or the warm seas off the coast of California and Mexico. They are the largest animal that lives both in the water and land. Elephants Seals grow up to be 11 feet and can weigh up to 1,375 pounds.

Fin Whale

The Fin Whale is the second largest animal on earth. They are long and slender which makes them swim really fast, up to 23 mph. They like to swim in either warm or cold waters.

Flounder

Flounders are flatfishes that live at the bottom of lagoons or oceans. When they are born they have an eye on each side of their head, but as they grow older, one eye moves until they are both on the same side. Weird!

Fur Seal

Fur Seals are related to Sea Lions. They have two flippers, which let them both walk on land and swim in the ocean. They have a thick layer of fat underneath brown fur to help them stay warm while swimming in the cold ocean.

Giant Clam

The Giant Clam is the biggest mollusk growing up to 4 feet and weighing more than 500 pounds. It prefers warmer waters and eats algae.

Great White Shark

Great White Sharks grow up to be 21 feet and weigh 7,000 pounds. Great White Sharks have 300 pointy teeth arranged in 7 rows, and with their powerful tail they gather up speed that propels them 37 mph making them the biggest predatory fish.

Grey Reef Shark

Grey Reef Shark can reach 6.6 feet in length and 66 pounds of weight. They have long bodies with a round snout and round large eyes. They even get sunburnt - Grey Reef Sharks often tan from the sun because they live in shallow waters!

Hammerhead Shark

Hammerhead Sharks can grow up to a length of 20 feet and weigh around 1,000 pounds. Their name comes from the shape of their head, which looks uncannily like a hammer!

Hermit Crab

Hermit Crabs have soft bodies and live in the shells of other animals. They continue growing throughout their lives, and when they outgrow their current shells, they search for a bigger one to move to. They spend a lot of time on land but they have gills like fish so that they can also breathe underwater.

Horn Shark

Horn Sharks live in warm waters near the Pacific Ocean. Just like Hammerhead Sharks, the Horn Sharks are named because of how the unusual shapes of their heads. They have brown or grey skin with dark spots.

Horseshoe Crab

Horseshoe Crabs have four eyes! They have two at the sides of their carapace and the other two at the front. They also have 12 legs and a tail they use to steer or to flip their bodies over.

Humpback Whale

Humpback Whales are known for being their acrobatic moves. They have long flippers, heads covered in knobs, and can grow up to be 46 feet and weigh 66,000 pounds. Unlike most whales, Humpback whales aren’t picky about where they live, and you can find them in most oceans.

Jellyfish

Jellyfish have a bag-shaped body with long stringy tentacles. They have no brain, eyes, heart, or bones, and tend to float aimlessly through the water. But don’t be fooled – their tentacles pack a nasty punch, and they use these to sting their prey!

Killer Whale

Killer Whales are warm-blooded, much like other mammals, and they use their body fat to stay warm in the cold ocean waters. They are known as “Killer” Whales because they are really good at hunting and eat around 500 pounds of food a day!

King Crab

King Crabs live in shells made up of bright colors, including dark red, golden-orange, or brown-blue. They have five pairs of legs, but two of them are claws, and the ones on the right are always bigger.

Lionfish

Lionfish have brown and white striped bodies. They are venomous creatures that can be fatal to small (and even large) creatures, but they only use their venom to protect themselves.

Lobster

Lobsters are related to crabs and just like them, they have hard shells that cover their bodies. Lobsters have thin bodies, big claws, and long antennae. Their shells are usually blueish with black patches, but when they’re cooked they turn red.

Manta Ray

Manta Rays have slim triangular-shaped fins, flat bodies, and eyes on the sides of their broadheads. They grow up to be 25 feet and weigh 2,900 pounds. Mantas may travel alone or in groups of other mantas - and even some species of fish. They eat shrimp, krill, and plankton.

Minke Whale

Minke Whales are the second smallest species of whale, growing up to 30 feet and weighing 2,000 pounds. That sounds big, but for a whale, it’s tiny! They are grey, black, and sometimes a purplish tone, with a white belly, and are known for swimming very fast.

Moray eEl

Moray Eel are shaped like snakes with a thin fin that runs down their back. There are various sizes and colors of eels but they can grow up to be 13 feet long. They are nocturnal animals and prefer to live between rocks or coral reefs.

Nurse Shark

Nurse Sharks like to swim by the bottom of the sea. They grow up to be 8.8 feet and weigh 264.5 pounds. They like to eat crabs, coral, and small fish. They are nocturnal and are social animals that swim in groups of up to 40 other sharks.

Octopus

Octopuses have a balloon-like body with two eyes, eight long tentacles, and a beak they use to eat. Their tentacles are covered in suckers, which they use to feel their way around the ocean floor. They are invertebrates, which means they have no bones and can fit tight spaces.

Oyster

Oysters can grow to 12 inches and, like mollusks, they have soft bodies that are enclosed in oval-shaped shells. They are found on shallow waters and shores where they attach themselves to rocks or shells.

Prawn

Prawns are crustaceans that look a lot like regular shrimp, except they’re a bit larger. They can often be found in calmer waters, perfect for laying their eggs.

Pufferfish

Pufferfish, also known as Blowfish, get their name from their ability to fight predators by inflating their body up to twice their normal size. They do this by gulping water. This technique makes their spines more dangerous –they release a toxin that is foul-tasting and potentially deadly to other fish.

Scorpion Fish

Scorpion Fish, also known as Rockfish, live on the surface of the ocean in coral reefs, which they use to hide from other predators. They have feathery flaps and are a dull yellow, brown, or red color. Scorpion Fish have very potent venom and are one of the most poisonous animals in the ocean.

Sea Slug

Sea Slugs are small marine invertebrates that resemble normal land slugs. They are often brightly colored as a warning to other animals to tell them not to eat them – they’re both toxic and venomous. Not a nice meal for an unsuspecting sea creature!

Sea Squirt

Sea Squirts are marine animals that are almost completely immobile. They live in warm temperatures and tropical waters, usually in coral reefs.

Sea Turtle

Sea Turtles are one of the oldest creatures that inhabit the earth. They can hold their breath for up to 5 hours underwater. While other animals think Jellyfish are dangerous, Sea Turtles think they are delicious, and it makes up most of their diet.

Seahorse

Seahorses are tiny creatures that are named after the shape of their heads. They are the only male species that gives birth and cares for their little ones and they can be found in tropical waters.

Sea Urchin

Sea Urchins are globe-shaped animals covered by spines – a lot like hedgehogs. They have five individual sets of jaws that have only one tooth each, which they use to eat small animals and algae.

Shrimp

Shrimp are small crustaceans that vary in size depending on species. They can be so tiny you can barely see them, or grow up to be 12 inches. Shrimp live in groups called ‘schools’ and talk to each other by making snapping noises.

Sperm Whale

Sperm Whales have the biggest head of any animal, making up a third of their bodies and their brains can weigh over 17 pounds. Sperm Whales can grow up to be 68 feet long and weigh 160,000 pounds.

Spiny Dogfish

Spiny Dogfish is one of the most common sharks. They can grow up to be 35 inches and weigh 22 pounds. Spiny Dogfish generally live in the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.

Sponge

Sponges are an animal with no mouth, heart, or brain. Instead, their bodies are full of pores. Just like plants, Sponges grow all their life in the same spot.

Squid

Did you know Squid has no bones? Their bodies are shaped like a tub, with arms and tentacles hidden in their bodies, but can shoot out to capture their prey. They like to live in both the shallow waters and depths of the ocean.

Starfish

Starfish are also called Sea Stars. Their bodies are invertebrates with five arms that they use to move around. Starfish have the ability to regrow their limbs if they ever lose them.

Stingray

Stingrays are often mistaken for Manta-Ray, but they are two completely different species. Stingrays have two eyes at the top of their flat bodies, and at the bottom, they have their mouth and gills. Because of this, they hunt their prey by smell instead of sight.

Tang

The Tang, also known as Palette Tang, gets its name because its body looks like an artist’s paint palette. They grow up to be 12 inches and their diet consists of plankton and algae.

Tiger Shark

Tiger Sharks are nocturnal, solitary, and very aggressive. They grow up to be 18 feet and weigh 2000 pounds. Tiger sharks usually like to swim in tropical waters but they may explore all types of water.

Whale Shark

Whale Sharks are the biggest fish that we know of, growing up to 41.5 feet and weight 43,000 pounds. They are docile, slow animals that eat krill, squid, and small fishes.

Wrasse

Wrasses are really bright colors and have an elongated body shape and distinctive thick lips. They are usually quite small, growing up to 7.9 inches.

Zebra Shark

Zebra sharks are named after the stripes they display when they’re young, but as they mature their stripes evolve into spots. They are easy-going and like to spend their day swimming on the ocean floor.

Structure In drawing, just like with any other new skill, there are specific steps in which learning them will help us understand the basic concepts for the structure. The structure of a drawing helps it maintain its proportions. The main structure of any object can be composed with basic geometrical figures, dots and lines that overlap each other. Example:

Head’s Structure The head, just like the body, is formed by different basic geometrical figures, dots and lines. Example:

Proportions When we are drawing our environment, we can discover our own style of drawing by altering certain features and creating a completely different drawing than the one you started with. Some variations may be to magnify or minimize your drawing’s eyes, tracing thicker or thinner or even to change the drawing’s original head, hands and feet proportions.

Beware! Always remember to respect certain features’ proportions or your drawing can turn out to look deformed.

Good proportions example:

Wrong proportions example:

Line of action Once we get the hang of the structure and proportions of our drawings down, we look into the line of action. What the line of action does is that it allows us to introduce movement into the body of our drawings by indicating the place where the movement is going to go. Example:

TWO WAYS TO WORK WITH THIS BOOK, CHOOSE THE ONE YOU LIKE THE MOST! Have fun drawing! If you’re just here to have fun, you can just draw the darker lines and ignore the geometrical shapes that we show you in the Step by Step for every drawing. OR

Improve your drawing technique! Follow each step, starting with the geometrical shapes in a lighter line, and then over those draw with darker lines your final drawing. With practice, this technique will help you create anything you want. Starting with geometrical lines will help you visualize how the final image will look in your drawing area and the traces you will need to create something amazing! Remember! If you find this book too easy or too hard to follow, we have other Step by Step books with different levels of difficulty. Difficulty levels from easiest to hardest: 1 Step by Step Drawing Zoo Animals 2 Step by Step Ocean Animals 3 Step by Step Fat pets 4 Step by Step Forest Animals 5 Step by Step Cute Mythical Creatures 6 Step by Step Drawing Christmas

Example Step 1: Figures and line guides: Simplify in geometrical figures the shape of the animal or image. Remember this will be your guide and over those lines, you will draw your masterpiece, so make them light.

Step 3-7: In these steps you will draw with darker lines and start giving shape to each of your drawings

Step 2: Then we’ll add volume by joining the basic figures with defined lines, that way you can create any type of body you want. In this step, you can also add your line of action, which is the one that directs your drawings movements. Remember to use lighter lines for this step too.

Step 8: Add details! Now that you have your final shape, you need to add details that will make your drawing look amazing. This is where you really get to exercise your creativity, and you can add way more details than the ones we show. Always remember that practice makes perfect and you can always redraw what you didn’t like - but you can never love what you never drew! Be creative!

Step 9: To finish up your art you just need to erase your geometrical lines and everything else you don’t want in your final image. You can also add shading if you want. And you’re done! Congratulations!

Stop right there! Scan this code, click on Forest Facts to learn more about the awesome animals that can be found in the FOREST

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Angelfish

Barracuda

Basking shark

black-tailed damselfish

Blowfish

blue surgeonfish

blue whale

Bottlenose Dolphin

bull shark

Butterfly fish

cachalot

clown fish

coral

crab

Cuttlefish

Dugong

dusky dolphin

elephant seal

Flounder

Fur seal

Great white shark

Grey reef shark

Hammerhead Shark

hermit crab

horn shark

Humpback Whale

Jelly fish

killer whale

Narwhal

Nurse shark

Octopus

pacific cleaner shrimp

Prawn

Scorpion fish

Sea dragon

Seahorse

Sea slug sheep

Sea turtle

Spiny Dogfish

Squid

Star fish

Tiger shark

Whale shark

Wrasse

Zebra shark

cthulhu

Island Turtle

Kraken

Sea Dragon

Sea Mermaid

AKNOWLEDGMENTS I want to say a huge thank you to my family, especially to my mom who always has my back and supports me, and to my dad who gave me his trust to pursue this career. A big thank you to every one of you that has given my book and me the chance to guide you through this journey. The fact that you keep checking out my books makes me feel so special. Practice and be patient with yourself and let your art speak through you. If you have 20 seconds, please take a moment to leave a rating or review on Amazon. Reviews really help us authors so much!

Did you like this book? Be sure to check out the rest of

The Step by Step series by Little Pencil.

Keep practicing you’re awesome skills all the way from our wild Forest Animals to the depths of the Ocean.

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