Show Me How to Survive (Outdoor Life): The Handbook for the Modern Hero 9781616281328

Stave off hyena attacks, light a fire with chocolate, and outride an avalanche with How to Survive: The Handbook for the

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Show Me How to Survive (Outdoor Life): The Handbook for the Modern Hero

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protect home safety

first aid

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24

navigate the mean streets stay safe in the wilderness be prepared at the office make a family emergency plan stock an emergency kit stock a bunker prepare a flood dinghy set up a panic room bury a tornado shelter make your home safe prepare your pet keep pets safe after a disaster know animal warning signs weather a hurricane build a flood barrier fill sandbags properly firescape a yard fight fire with an extinguisher be prepared in a house fire prepare for travel stay smart abroad protect against identity theft burglar-proof a home check a car before a trip

25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47

pack a car emergency kit stay safe in a parking garage get help for a boat in trouble read storm clouds boat safely in a storm know your knots sleep on the beach pitch a snow camp shelter in the jungle camp in the desert prepare for social collapse prepare rugged venison jerky preserve meat in a smoker catch backyard game hunt pigeons in the city feed a family without a farm get fit for the outdoors clean a gun store a gun be safe at the range disarm a shooter keep from spreading the flu pack a first-aid kit

61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73

suture a wound decompress a chest stop bleeding bandage a nasty wound cauterize a wound in the field save a toe improvise a leg splint wrap a sling know your fractures test for edibility deal with a poisoned kid identify natural poisonous foods identify venomous insects

help wilderness skills

48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60

help after an accident call for help check a pulse bolt from a wrist grip escape from a choke hold break out of a bear hug deal with a burgled home follow up after a burglary perform cpr on an adult do the heimlich maneuver give cpr to a baby save a choking baby improvise an airway puncture

74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86

treat a bee sting treat a jellyfish sting make a ginger poultice evaluate your medicine chest remove a small fish hook treat a blister remove a splinter remove an object from your eye put out a clothing fire halt an electrocution avoid lightning on a mountain identify burns deal with a superficial burn

87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99

handle a chemical burn help a seizure victim recognize a heart attack identify a stroke treat hyperventilation survive an asthma attack soothe a mild allergic reaction spot a severe allergic reaction stop a nosebleed free a frozen tongue preserve a dislodged tooth fill a cracked tooth spot and treat a concussion

100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111

help a lost child rescue a cat up a tree rescue-breathe for a dog protect a baby bird rescue a swimmer in trouble identify heat-related illnesses treat heat exhaustion help clean up an oil spill clean an oiled bird help someone out of an ice hole treat frostbite save a hypothermia victim

survive an avalanche prevent snow blindness be avalanche aware find an avalanche victim make a fish trap catch a fish bare-handed go ice fishing snare a hare gut a hare squash a squirrel nab a fox trap a rodent impale an elk be bear aware fend off a mountain lion save a child from a coyote treat a snake bite get jungle savvy remove a botfly with bacon prepare tasty snake meat eat a scorpion eat wild around the world

156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175

survive a shipwreck use pants as a flotation device find land when lost at sea build a dugout canoe pick a coconut use coconuts ace an emergency scuba ascent escape a kelp forest avoid a shark attack fend off a shark resist a wolf pack battle a pit bull spike an assailant embrace your enemy do a handshake takedown deal with failed brakes handle a hydroplaning car weather a chemical spill survive a snowbound car improvise a signal mirror

prevail 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133

mark your trail read animal tracks and scat walk a straight line in the woods navigate with your watch stay on track in the desert navigate out of a swamp read the stars find the equator in a forest build a campfire light a fire with chocolate construct a fire drill use a fire plank purify water in green bamboo boil water in a tree stump collect water from fog get water in the desert signal an airplane erect a quick tepee assemble a debris hut set up a shade shelter build a swamp bed dig a snow cave

134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155

a note from joseph As an emergency manager, I’ve advised individuals and organizations on everything from minor problems such as stopping a nosebleed (#95) to large-scale environmental challenges, like avoiding an avalanche (#136). While writing this book, I was lucky to be able to draw on my day-to-day professional experience with life-saving procedures like CPR (#56) as well as my personal interest in the great outdoors and such challenges as cleaning up an oil spill (#107) . . . and a few problems I hope to never 167 battle a pit bull have to deal with, like repelling an angry pit bull (#167). Through my research in preparing this book I learned a few new things that may prove useful one day, such as keeping pets safe after a disaster (#12), how to fight a shark (#165), or how to build a flood barrier with sandbags (#15). In my line of work, you can never be too prepared, so although I hope no one will ever need them, I’ve also included instructions for saving a child from a coyote (#149) and disarming a shooter (#45). Stay safe out there!


disarm a shooter


stop a nosebleed

To be truly prepared for any emergency, it’s best to start getting ready now, before you find yourself face-to-face with a mountain lion. get jungle savvy Start by packing a go bag (a kit containing everything you’d need to get by for 48 hours in an emergency). Include personal items like ID, food, medicine, tools like a flashlight and knife, and other handy survival items like a dust mask, a radio (with extra batteries), and a list of emergency contact numbers.

Now that you have your physical needs handled, work on your brain by practicing “situational awareness.” Stay attentive to your surroundings, your wellbeing, the presence of others, and possible dangers or threats. It isn’t about looking for problems, it’s about avoiding becoming complacent and making mistakes as a result. For instance, imagine yourself hiking through an unfamiliar jungle (#151). Without worrying or panicking, stay aware of whether anyone in your party is tired, hungry, or injured. Focus on the path ahead of you, while keeping a relaxed state of awareness about your surroundings—watching for predators, poisonous plants, and insects. A positive, relaxed, open mindset also saves lives in the field. Someone with a negative outlook might panic or give up when faced with a swimmer in trouble (#104), but a person who focuses on solutions will quickly scan the beach for a rescue aid and jump in the water. Ready for an adventure? Just keep these basic tenets of great rescue work in mind as you read through the book and you’ll be a hero in no time!

rescue a swimmer in trouble



how to use this book In the pages that follow, virtually every piece of essential information is presented graphically. In most cases the pictures do, indeed, tell the whole story. In some cases though, you’ll need a little extra information to get it done right. Here’s how we present those facts.

134 154


survive an avalanche

prevent snow blindness





1 ft (30 cm)

Try to jump above the break line.

Move perpendicular to flow.


Cut a strip of duct tape; fold.


be avalanche aware

Slopes of 30 to 45 degrees are most likely to avalanche, but even slopes of 25 to 60 degrees can slide in certain conditions.

Make a long slit.

find an avalanche victim

Avoid avalanche-prone areas in the forty-eight hours after rough weather or a thaw. If you must go, pack a collapsible shovel, a snow probe, and an avalanche beacon.




Go to location of last sighting.

Set beacon to receive mode.






A heavy, compacted layer of snow resting on a powdery layer is highly unstable. Grab a sturdy tree or rock.


“Swim” on top of snow.

Fasten around head with tape.

Blacken cheeks with soot.

Snow debris and broken trees indicate previous avalanches—be wary of repeat slides. If submerged, cover face.

Poke with snow probe. Smooth, grassy slopes without rocks or trees are most dangerous.


Make airhole as snow slows.


Everyone in your party should car ry an avalanche beacon. Should you lose someone in an avalanche, you can use your beacon to hone in on the radio signal emitted by the victim’s beacon and find them quickly. Uncover head first.

MORE INFORMATION Follow the * symbol to learn more about the how and why of the given step.

Dig downhill from victim. save a hypothermia victim


Send for help.

CROSS-REFERENCES When one activity just leads to another, we’ll point it out. Follow the links for related or interesting information. save a hypothermia victim



ICON GUIDE Throughout the book, handy icons show you just how it’s done. Here are the icons you’ll encounter. TOOLS Everything you’ll need to perform an activity appears in the toolbars. Having a hard time deciphering an item? Turn to the tools glossary in the back of the book.

MATH When measurements matter, find them right in the box. Handy “angle” icons help you do it from the right angle. 1 lb (450 g)

½ in (1.25 cm)

2–3 min

Check out the timer to learn how much time a relatively short task takes.

Repeat the depicted action the designated number of times.

The calendar shows how many days, weeks, or months an activity requires.

The phone icon lets you know when it’s time to call for professional medical help.

Look to the ther mometer to learn the temperature needed for a given action.

Danger! Avoid this if you’re not trained. (Or if you don’t want to get into trouble!)

A NOTE TO READERS The depictions in this book are presented for entertainment value only. Please keep the following in mind: • R  ISKY ACTIVITIES Certain activities in this book are not just risky but downright nutty (like #169, for example). Before attempting any new activity, make sure you are aware of your own limitations and have adequately researched all applicable risks. • P  ROFESSIONAL ADVICE While every item has been carefully researched, this book is not intended to replace professional advice or training of a medical, architectural, sartorial, culinary, athletic, or therapeutic nature—or any other professional advice, for that matter.

ZOOMS These little circles zoom in on a step’s important details, or depict the step’s crucial “don’ts.”

• P  HYSICAL AND HEALTH-RELATED ACTIVITIES Be sure to consult a physician before attempting any activity involving physical exertion, particularly if you have a condition that could impair or limit your ability to engage in such an activity. Or if you don’t want to look silly (see #75). • A  DULT CONTENT The activities in this book are intended for adults only. Some of them are probably unwise even for adults; use your common sense and discretion (if, for instance, you plan to attempt #39). • B  REAKING THE LAW The information in this book should not be used to break any applicable law or regulation. In other words, just don’t even think about trying #60. Ever.

All information in this book has been carefully researched and fact-checked. However, the publisher makes no war ranty, express or implied, that the information is appropriate for every (or any!) individual, situation, or purpose, and assumes no responsibility for er rors or omissions. You assume the risk and full responsibility for all your actions, and the publishers will not be held responsible for any loss or damage of any sort, whether consequential, incidental, special, or otherwise that may result from the information presented. Just between us, though, you’re probably safe planting a garden (#40).

It doesn't take a rocket scientist to figure out that failing to plan is planning to fail. It's impossible to anticipate every problem that may be thrown your way, but it only takes a little effort to figure out the likely challenges you could be facing. For the ones you can't anticipate, you can create general plans and resources that are flexible. Of course, the most flexible tool you have available is your reasoning, so be sure to keep a positive attitude and an open mind. Both of those mentalities will be valuable resources to help you out when you need it most.



Whether you’re in the city walking to dinner or in a jungle trying to avoid becoming dinner, situational awareness is a vital survival skill. To start practicing it, adopt an awareness of your surroundings and possible threats and hazards.

navigate the mean streets

Buddy up! There’s safety in numbers.

If you feel threatened, calll the police.

Avoid using cash machines in shady areas. Don’t let strangers’ questions or remarks distract you.

Always have your keys at hand, and sling your bag across your body .

Being followed? Try crossing the street or moving to a more crowded place.

Pay attention! Don’t use your cell phone or tune out your surroundings.

N Mt Lyell Mt Dana

5 5

en o at To Sacram








To Los

s Angele






stay safe in the wilderness

Tell a friend your plans.

Dress appropriately .


Know your route.


Bring an emergency kit.

Monitor weather conditions.

Avoid poisons and venoms.

Rest; avoid overexertion.

fend off a mountain lion

Be aware of animals.

be prepared at the office



Be aware of possible exits.

Attend safety trainings.

Report issues promptly .

Pack a go bag and shoes.

N Mt Lyell Mt Dana


Practice appropriate responses.

Have an out-of-state contact person.

Add emergency numbers to family phones.

Set a meeting place in case of separation.


An out-of-state friend or relative can relay information between members of your family if you’re separated during an emergency . Make sure everyone has that person’s phone number and knows to check in.


Angeles To Los







To Sacrame o n at








Mt Lyell

Mt Dana

Discuss possible local hazards.









To Los


s Angele





make a family emergency plan

en o at To Sacram


Teach kids to trust emergency workers.

stock an emergency kit


prescription glasses

feminine supplies eyedropper

sleeping bag

camp stove

emergency blankets



rope fire extinguisher

spray paint prescription medications

health and hygiene

garbage bags



extra set of keys duct tape

bleach dust mask

moist towelettes

handy extras


plastic sheeting


Mt Lyell


Mt Dana

documents in waterproof bag

hand-cranked radio

zip ties

family-care items


49 120


To Los Angeles

132 5




To Sacramento






boredom busters

regional map

1 gal (3.75 l) water per person

emergency contacts vices


cell phone and batterypowered charger


nonperishable food

can opener

candles and matches

fresh batteries

first-aid kit

baby wipes

paper and pen baby for mula




pet food


Nuclear war may be passé, but a well-appointed underground bunker will never go out of style.

stock a bunker

air filter

3 ft (1 m) underground

periscope radio

geiger counter

Remove clothing before entering bunker.

nonperishable foods

hand-cranked air exhaust

walls made from multiple thicknesses of lead, concrete, and packed dirt

extra clothing chemical toilet

gas masks clean water Add 2 drops of bleach (containing 5.25 percent sodium hypochlorite) to each qt (1 l) of water ; wait thirty minutes before drinking.


If you live in a flood-prone area, be ready to make a quick escape in a stocked dinghy, launched from an upper floor.

prepare a flood dinghy

life vests






first-aid kit flashlight

whistle boat patch kit

air pump reflective tape

rain gear

Nervous about home invaders? Stay safe in the comfort of your own home with a custom-built panic room.

set up a panic room


Soundproof the walls and reinforce them with steel. security cameras


security monitor

gas masks

Hide the entrance behind a bookcase or in a closet.

buried phone line


water and nonperishable food

ventilated generator

If tornados are a concern in your town, partially bury an old school bus in your yard, then stock it with gear.

bury a tornado shelter bus

clean water clean wool water blankets

first-aid kit

nonperishable food radio blankets

flashlight radio




make your home safe While you’ll want to prepare your house for the dangers unique to your region, there are some steps that everyone can take to make their homes safer.

Install safety latches on cupboards.

Balcony railing slats should be no more than 4 in (10 cm) apart.

Make sure shelves are properly braced.

Keep a fire extinguisher in the kitchen, garage, and on every floor.

Lock up chemicals and potential poisons. Keep a wrench near the gas valve in case you need to shut it off.


deal with a poisoned kid

Strap down your water heater and install a flexible gas line.

Change smoke detector batteries twice a year.

Keep valuables in a safe.

Position beds away from windows.

Install nightlights throughout the house.

Hang heavy pictures away from sitting areas and beds.

Have your chimney checked by a professional once a year, whether you use it often or not.

Check repair or service personnel’s ID before allowing them in.

Don’t hide keys outside.


prepare your pet

Implant an RFID chip.


Attach ID tags to collar.

Keep a photo in your wallet.

Have pet’s go bag packed.

keep pets safe after a disaster



If you must evacuate your home without taking your pets along, take these steps to ensure their safety until rescuers arrive.


Separate pets.

Secure them in the house.


4 s 2 cat e insid

Leave plenty of food, water.

rescue a cat up a tree

Leave a note for rescuers.

If you are able to evacuate with your pets, keep them on a leash, even if you don't normally .

Many animals behave strangely before a disaster like a tsunami or an earthquake. Take care if your pet is acting oddly, or if you see any of these behaviors.


know animal warning signs

Spiders and ants move indoors.

Hoofed animals may huddle together in open areas.

Rodents who live inside will flee (and outdoor rodents may try to get in.)

Farm animals may pace or refuse to be tied or led into their barns.

Hibernating animals will wake early and leave their dens.

be bear aware

Confined animals, like those in the zoo, may try to escape.

Birds will push eggs from their nests.



weather a hurricane

Don’t get caught in the eye of the stor m. Wait until the stor m passes completely to venture outside.

Keep trees trimmed to reduce potential falling limbs.

Hang up an ax in case you have to cut through the roof during a flood.

Take a radio and hole up in a room without windows. Set lit candles in bowls filled with water.

Set aside plenty of water while the faucets are still running.

Cover windows with plywood.

Keep the kitchen stocked with nonperishable foods. Know how to turn off your gas and water, in case authorities instruct you to do so.

Lash potential projectiles to a post.

build a flood barrier


fill sandbags properly


Lay down a row of sandbags with ends overlapping.

use pants as a flotation device


Stagger the next row on top.

Continue to build, then start another row in front.

30­– 45 lbs (13–20 kg)

Work in pairs.

Put first scoop at mouth.

Fill halfway full.

Tie at top so bag will flatten.


firescape a yard Firescaping is a method of designing the space and conditions around your home with fire prevention in mind. If you live in a dry climate, check out these tips.

Clear away lowhanging branches, deadwood, or debris within 30 ft (9 m) of your home.

Grow only fire-resistant plants within 3 ft (1 m) of structures.

Don’t plant conifers—they contain highly flammable oils and resins. Cover bare spaces with stone, mulch, or high-moisture plants. Keep plants moist all year with drip ir rigation.

Store firewood at least 30 ft (9 m) from your home.


fight fire with an extinguisher

24 hr

Pull pin.

Aim low .

Pull trigger; sweep fire’s base.

Monitor for reignition.

Install a spark ar rester on your chimney .

Stay low and cover your mouth with a damp cloth. Check windows often to make sure none are stuck.

be prepared in a house fire Preparation is key to keeping calm during a fire. Practice these basic fire-safety techniques with your family so everyone knows just what to do in an emergency .

Have fire-escape ladders on hand near windows.

Draw up an exit plan that provides two emergency escape routes from each room. Practice it with your household.

Lower kids down first if you must escape through a window .

Touch each door before opening it. If it feels hot, take a different route.

Keep hallways clear. Clutter can hinder your escape.

Don’t try to put out a large fire yourself.

Cover external vents with fine metal screen to keep forest fire embers from blowing in.

Have a meeting place nearby as the endpoint of your escape plan.



prepare for travel

Have your mail held.


Set lights on a timer.

Dispose of perishables.

Lock the windows.

Register with your embassy .

Pack extra meds.

Dress modestly .

stay smart abroad

Copy important documents.

5/27/20 4:35 PM

Give travel info to a neighbor.

Unplug appliances.

Stop any leaks or drips.

Adjust the thermostat.

Wear a money belt.

Stay sly by silencing ringer.

Only take reputable taxis.

Use cards instead of cash.

5/27/20 4:35 PM


protect against identity theft

Shred documents, especially any displaying credit card, bank account, or government ID numbers.

Verify communications from banks, utilities, and commerce sites. Never e-mail passwords or account numbers. Only provide government ID number when legally required.

Be wary of unsolicited business calls.

Use your credit card only on reputable sites.

Keep sensitive information and documents in a secured space. Review your credit report annually .

Don’t carry sensitive ID materials with you.

burglar-proof a home


Start a neighborhood watch.

Install an alarm system.

Add motion-sensor lights.

Trim trees away from house.

Store ladders and bins inside.

Keep garage doors locked.

Secure sliding windows.

Look before answering door.


To have a safe and uneventful road trip, give your car a once-over before you start your journey .

check a car before a trip

The tire treads should be deep enough to grip a coin.

Check that wiring, hoses, and fan belts are all intact.

Look for leaks under the car.

Make sure your spare tire is inflated.


pack a car emergency kit

nonperishable foods Mt Dana

warm clothes

Mt Lyell

snow chains and tow chains

bottled water

tools and work gloves


To Los Angeles






To Sacramen










emergency signals

multipurpose tool

jumper cables



deal with failed brakes

spare tire and tirechanging tools

tire-repair compound

map and compass windshield scraper and cleaner

first-aid kit

scissors and cord

candles, matches, flashlight, and batteries

stay safe in a parking garage


Avoid parking between vans.

Find an open, well-lit area.

Park near an exit.

Use elevator, not stairs.

Have keys out upon return.

Look before getting into car.

Lock the doors immediately .

Leave the garage at once.

5/27/20 4:35 PM


get help for a boat in trouble On the open seas, there are as many signals for help as there are possible disasters. Know how to use these maritime signs to attract assistance from passing vessels. Fire rocket parachute flares to attract help.

Set off smoke, preferably from an orange flare, to signal distress.

Fly any combination of a square and a ball.

Drop dye canisters in the water near your ship.


survive a shipwreck

Fly the code flags for “November Charlie” to indicate trouble onboard.

Slowly raise and lower your arms.

read storm clouds


cumulonimbus Beware this fierce storm cloud, recognizable by its distinctive anvil shape. stratocumulus Watch these lumpy rows closely, as a change in air density can turn them into stormy nimbostratus. cumulus Keep an eye on these small, lumpy clouds—rising hot air can turn them into a thundering cumulonimbus. nimbostratus Bringers of rain, snow, and danger, these ragged-bottomed clouds are an ominous gray .

boat safely in a storm



Take waves at an angle.

Secure loose items.

Close all hatches and portals.

Unplug electrical equipment.


know your knots bowline

monkey’s fist



cleat hitch

double fisherman’s knot


rock climbing

help someone out of an ice hole


square knot

surgeon’s loop


double overhand stopper

emergency sutures



ladder construction


sleep on the beach

Don’t bring glass bottles.

A tarp lean-to provides shade.

Camp well above the line of debris marking high tide. Use damp sand to scrub dishes.

Keep towels and a brush handy at the tent’s opening.


Fully extinguish fires before burying coals.

Weight tent lines and bury in sand instead of using spikes.

pitch a snow camp

Don’t pitch tent in avalanche-prone areas. Don’t use camp stove inside tent.

Pack down a flat spot with skis, then pitch tent on top.

Dig a pit at tent opening for putting on and removing boots.

Tie tent lines to rocks and bury in the snow .


save a hypothermia victim

Run melted snow through a coffee filter before drinking.

shelter in the jungle

Don’t feed the wildlife!


Camp well away from pesky insect nests.

Hold a flame to leeches to remove; don’t pull.

Leave perfume and deodorant at home.

Sleep on a raised platfor m with a rain tarp and mosquito netting.

Shake out sleeping bags before getting in.

Seal food in plastic containers and store outside of tent.

treat a snake bite

Pitch tent at least 25 ft ( 7.5 m) above any water source.


camp in the desert


Camp on high ground, but avoid dangerous exposed ridges or peaks.

Keep your distance from wildlife. Pitch tent facing away from the east to avoid a sunrise awakening.

Bring (and drink!) 1 gal (3.75 l) of water per person per day . Shake out your shoes before putting them on. eat a scorpion


Secure tent lines to rebar, then top with plastic bottles to protect feet and ankles.


prepare for social collapse

With proper preparation, you and your family can live happy, productive lives as Rome burns around you.

Have ample food stores.

Have solid home defenses in place.

Know your neighbors and your extended community .

Learn to can and preserve fresh foods.

Glassblowing will be a useful skill after the collapse.

Trade and barter supplies and skills with neighbors. Secure an armory of weapons and ammunition.

Take up rope-making to create a valuable commodity .

Chemists who can produce medicine and fertilizer will be in high demand after a collapse.

Invest in a portable hand cranked radio.

Backyard chickens will be worth their weight in gold.

Grow a garden full of hardy, tasty foods.


prepare rugged venison jerky

8–12 hrs

1 lb (450 g) venison

Slice venison into thin strips.

½ c (120 ml) soy sauce ¼ c (60 ml) water onion powder, honey, garlic, and pepper to taste

Mix marinade in a large plastic bag.

Marinate in the refrigerator overnight.

4–8 hrs

200°F (93°C)

Lay on a parchment-paper–lined pan.

Bake until chewy but not crispy .

Why limit yourself to just venison? Jerky can be made out of beef, salmon, turkey, and even shark! Vegetarians can use tofu or mushrooms. Play with spices and proteins for a portable, practical food.

Take your jerky on the road!

preserve meat in a smoker Smoking a piece of meat can safely extend its shelf life by several weeks (or longer if it’s frozen after smoking) by removing water and killing bacteria. You can make this tasty survivalist food at home by building your own simple smoker.

marinated meat metal grate


wood chips chip box hot plate garbage can cinder blocks



catch backyard game Should food in your suburb become scarce, it will help to have a dog trained to “tree” small game. Give yourself and your pooch a few weeks to master all the stages of training.


2 9 Toss a ball and say “Squirrel ’em!” Say “Squirrel ’em” and point up.

Release squirrel; allow dog to tree it.



Reward dog for barking.

Train your dog to chase a squirrel pelt on a rope.





Train dog to bark at the caged squirrel in a tree.

Sling the pelt over a branch; encourage dog to bark at it.

Introduce dog to a live, caged squirrel.

Reward dog for barking.

pigeons in the city power hunt garden protect a baby bird



Scatter birdseed each day .

Scatter seed; stand nearby .

A patch of dirt and a detailed plan is all you need to achieve vegetable self-sufficiency . Divide plot into 12-in-by-12-in (30-cm-by-30-cm) squares.

Choose vegetable varieties that grow vertically to increase the square's yield.

Stand nearby, holding a box.

Drop box on tasty pigeons.

feed a family without a farm


Plant tall plants at plot's edge to keep their shadows off adjacent plants.

Replant as soon as you harvest.

Variety is the spice of life! Plant and enjoy a wide range of nutritious crops year-round.

Put shallow-rooted plants next to deep-rooted ones so they don’t compete for resources.

eat wild around the world


Fertilize soil year-round.


get fit for the outdoors

The outdoors can be physically grueling. Keep your body in top shape so you can conquer whatever nature throws your way .




Aids with lifting heavy game.


Keeps you paddling with pride.

seated rowing




superman lift

Improves core for rough terrain.

seated leg lift

Assists in tree-climbing skills.


chair dip

Builds body for dragging trophy .



supine lift

Helps with hauling gear.


10 8 scissors


Supports cliff climbing.


ball squats

Enhances uphill hiking endurance.


clean a gun

Verify gun is unloaded.

Disassemble gun.

Clean the bore of the barrel.

Remove residue.

Run cloths down the barrel.

Clean the slide.

Clean the magazine.

Reassemble; wipe off excess.

Use a cable lock.

Store guns and ammo apart.

Secure the key to the safe.


store a gun

Unload before storing.

be safe at the range


Use a case or a holster.

Verify the range is clear.

Load the gun.

Keep finger off trigger.

Always point downrange.

Enter stance; turn off safety.

Line up your sight.

Squeeze the trigger.

disarm a shooter

Sidestep and grab the wrist.

Twist to break finger.

Grip and pull down.

Take control.



keep from spreading the flu

20 sec

Wash your hands frequently .

Avoid touching door handles.

Keep your distance from strangers.

If you feel sick, stay home.

Cover mouth when coughing or sneezing.

Take antiviral medication if prescribed.


pack a first-aid kit

disposable nonlatex gloves

aloe vera gel

antihistamine lotion

calamine lotion

hydrogen peroxide

rubbing alcohol

hydrocortisone cream


bandage shears

burn gel splint

triangular bandage

safety pins tweezers thermometer

assorted adhesive bandages

irrigation syringe

suction bulb

gauze roller bandages cotton swabs

breathing barrier

assorted gauze pads

absorbent compress dressings burn dressing

trauma shears

adhesive roller bandages

antibiotic ointment

cold compress

cotton balls mild soap



activated charcoal

adhesive cloth tape antiseptic wipes first-aid manual

emergency contacts

eye cups



syrup of ipecac

extra prescription medications

Oh, man! A jellyfish just stung your buddy, there’s a fishhook stuck in your finger, and your hunting cabin has burst into flames. Worst vacation ever? Not if you know what to do (and no, it doesn’t involve peeing on anyone. Sorry!). When things start going wrong, you can totally be the hero who has studied up on what to do and is ready, willing, and able to help out. Studies show that people who have thought about possible scenarios and planned out what they’d do, are the ones who stay calm when things start falling apart around them. So read up, and be sure you really know how to handle tough situations. You (and your friend with the jellyfish sting) will be glad you did.



help after an accident Help is on the way.

Assess the situation.


Elevate the victim’s legs.

Keep him warm.

Reassure the victim.

Call within view of accident.

Stay calm; answer questions.

Gather info to recount later.

call for help

Observe accident details.

check a pulse




Find the Adam’s apple.

Move to side, under jaw.

Press gently with two fingers.

Count beats.

Multiply by four to get the beats per minute. Generally, a pulse below sixty bpm or above one hundred is cause for concer n.

Treat any minor injuries.

Call back if situation changes.

Stay until responders ar rive.

Provide infor mation.


bolt from a wrist grip 1

Make a fist with free hand.


Aim for his hand’s weak spot.


Hit point with your knuckle.


The weak spot is in between the first two fingers, right below the knuckles.

Punching with your thumb inside your fingers can lead to a fight-ending broken thumb.


Once free, run.

Hold your fist loosely and strike with the knuckles of your first two fingers.

escape from a choke hold

Raise your elbow; tur n.

Break hold with your elbow.

Join your hands.

Push your elbow to strike.

break out of a bear hug

A quick strike on these weak spots can disable an attacker long enough for you to escape to safety.

eyes Poke, scratch, or spit at to disorient.

nose Strike to cause whiplash or bleeding. adam’s apple Hit to knock the wind out of attacker.



ears Slap or pull to stun.

Keep your cool. underarm Punch to disable ar m.



groin Kick, knee, strike, or squeeze to immobilize a male attacker.

Bend your knees.

Raise your ar ms.

kneecap Stomp or knock sideways to disable legs.

instep and toes Stomp to stun or knock attacker off balance.

Spin, clasping your hands.



Elbow attacker’s chest.



154 54

deal with a burgled home

Stay calm.


Call the police.

Assume intruder is there.

Wait for help with a friend.

Consider an alarm system.

Inform your neighbors.

follow up after a burglary

Contact your insurance.

Change your locks.

Only enter with the police.

Avoid contaminating scene.

Check all closets thoroughly.

Only clean when authorized.

Write a list of missing items.

Inventory your prescriptions.

Check out local pawn shops.

Inspect online marketplaces.


perform cpr on an adult

Tilt head back; lift the chin.

Listen for breathing.

Briefly feel for a pulse.


Pinch and hold the nostrils.


Breathe for the victim.

Visually confir m airway is clear.


Pump on the breastbone.

Repeat until help ar rives.

do the heimlich maneuver Are you choking?

×5 Assess the situation.

Stand behind the victim.

Place your fist below her ribs.

Cover your fist; thrust inward.

give cpr to a baby


Check breath without tilting head.

Check pulse.



Give small rescue puffs.

Press quickly with two fingers.

The best place to feel a baby’s pulse is in the brachial artery. Using two fingers (not a thumb), press around the area inside the ar m, above the elbow crease, until you locate a pulse.

Smoothly thrust straight down on the chest ½ to 1 in (1.25–2.5 cm), then allow the chest to come back to its nor mal position.

save a choking baby



×5 Listen for breathing.

Strike the baby’s back.

Thrust on sternum.

Check for breathing; repeat.


improvise an airway puncture This procedure, known as a cricothyrotomy or emergency airway puncture, is an absolute last resort in a situation where a victim’s airway is blocked.



½ in (1.25 cm) long

Extend neck; find spot for incision.


½ in (1.25 cm) deep

Hold skin taut; make incision through the skin.


adam’s apple cricoid cartilage

Puncture membrane; enlarge hole with a finger.


Insert an empty pen bar rel into the hole.

Feel for the soft spot between the Adam’s apple and the cricoid cartilage. Keep your finger there to guide the knife.

suture a wound 30

know your knots

¹⁄10 –4⁄10 in (0.1–0.3 cm)

Clean wound.

Align edges of wound.

Stitch; tighten suture.

Secure with a square knot. Repeat to seal wound.

decompress a chest A tension pneumothorax occurs when air or gas fills the chest cavity, preventing a lung from expanding.

This emergency chest decompression method is high on the list of things you should never do.



8 Remove stopper from syringe.

cricoid cartilage

Sterilize the needle.

Apply airtight bandage over the wound.

adam’s apple


insertion site insertion site nor mal lung and cavity

air-filled cavity

midclavicular line third rib

deflated lung


second rib

Locate the insertion site.

Listen for a hiss from the needle; let air escape.



5 Clean insertion site.

Feel for the pop.

Insert at right angle.



stop bleeding

Elevate; apply pressure.


Remove any constrictions.

Layer gauze as needed.

Tape gauze in place.

Add non-adhering bandage.

Cover with gauze.

bandage a nasty wound

Elevate and wash site.

Assess need for stitches.

If the wound is so deep that you see yellow fatty tissue, or if it’s hard to pinch closed, it needs stitches.

cauterize a wound in the f ield


5–10 sec

Heat knife to red hot.

Hold to wound.

Remove; repeat.

Bandage wound.

This neat trick is both risky and incredibly painful. Only try this in the case of a massively bleeding wound when help is days away.

save a toe


treat frostbite

Pick up the toe.

Wash wound and toe.

Add butterfly strips, gauze.

Fully insulate toe; put on ice.

If there are skin flaps left, fold them over the wound before bandaging. Don’t put adhesive directly onto an open wound.



improvise a leg splint

Avoid moving injured limb.

Treat any open wounds.

Fold cardboard in thirds.

Add padding.

Position extra padding.

Slip under limb.

Secure the splint.

Check for sensation.

Draw end over shoulder.

Tie behind neck.

Secure to stabilize.


wrap a sling

Drape fabric under ar m.

know your fractures Bone fractures are as unique and terrible as the accidents that cause them. Here are the most common fractures.














154 70

test for edibility

Divide plant parts; test each.

Check for foul odors.

Rub; monitor your reaction.

Rub on your lips.



Touch to your tongue.

Chew; hold in your mouth.

Swallow; wait and monitor.

Bon appétit!

The key to testing for edibility is time. Execute each step with plenty of time in between. Make sure you don't have reactions to possbile toxins or allergins. Don't take any unnecessary chances.

deal with a poisoned kid

Call poison control.

Monitor victim’s breathing.

Know your national poison control hotline number. Call at the first sign of trouble and be prepared to stay on the line until directed to hang up. Know your household poisons and keep them in a childproofed place.

cleaning supplies

Give ipecac if directed.


Reserve sample of vomit.



identify natural poisonous foods

elderberry roots


154 71

tomato leaves and stems.

green potatoes

rhubarb leaves

amanita muscaria mushroom

raw almonds

castor beans




Nature is nothing to mess with and danger can come in many forms. Here are some examples of venemous insects you won't have to go searching for. A bite probably won't kill you but it will certainly ruin your day.

identify venomous insects

smeared dagger catterpillar

spiny oak caterpillar

puss caterpillar


blister beetle




fire ant

brown recluse spider


black widow

treat a bee sting

1100 3710

266 64 0 1 05 220

0 04 04/1/1

Quickly remove the stinger.

Clean with rubbing alcohol.

Apply baking soda and water.


Apply ice.

treat a jellyfish sting


Treating a jellyfish sting with urine is an urban myth. As funny as might be to pee on your friend's wound, it could make the things worse. Rinse with salt water.

Scrape away tentacles.

Take pain reliever.

Submerge in war m water.


make a ginger poultice

30 sec

Cut guaze to fit chest.

Mix ginger and water paste.


Spread paste on guaze.

Apply paste side to chest.

Add a warm compress.

Leave for thirty minutes.

Rinse off with a warm cloth.

Ginger is a wonder food and is good for almost everything that ails you. Make a poultice to ease chest congestions. You can also drink, chew, eat or swallow your way to better health.

tea Helps with colds.

candy Relieves pain.

pills Aids motion sickness.

raw Eases digestion.

Need a pill in a pinch? Some medicines are safe to use years after their expiration dates. Others quickly become useless, or even dangerous. If it’s a lifesaving medicine, or it looks or smells wrong, don’t take a chance!

evaluate your medicine chest

Throw away if expired; do not use. insulin, epinephrine autoinjectors, or any other lifesaving medicine

any medicine that’s been stored in a bottle with another medicine

children’s medicines

anything that looks or smells off—cloudy liquid, crumbly pills, hardened creams

antibiotics (especially tetracycline) and nitroglycerine

Tends to lose efficacy after expiration.

medicine in suspension

liquid medicines

contact-cleaning solution

gel capsules

Safe to use up to ten years after expiration.

indigestion or heartbur n pills

pain relievers

over-the-counter allergy medicines

headache pills

cold and flu pills



remove a small fish hook

Wrap a string around finger.


Loop string in bend of hook.

Push down to free barb.

Pull string to pop out hook.

Enlarge the hole with a pin.

Remove with tweezers.

remove a splinter

Wash site; sanitize tools.

Squeeze around the splinter.

treat a blister

Stop when you’re in pain.

Cut moleskin.

Place moleskin on foot.

Put on a fresh dry sock.

remove an object from your eye

Wash your hands first.

Swab; remove the object.

Lie down; flush with saline.



Tur n head to drain excess.


put out a clothing fire

Stay calm.

Lay victim on ground.

Sweep from head to toe.

Treat bur ns.

If you’re on fire and no one is around to help, it’s time to stop, drop, and roll. Here’s how.

stop Don’t run or flail.


drop Get down on the ground.

roll Roll to smother flames.

halt an electrocution

Avoid conductors like water.

Get a nonconductive object.

Strike to break cur rent.

Assess bur ns.

avoid lightning on a mountain


Separate yourself from other people.

Remove metal and jewelry from body.

Walk down to a lower position; avoid trees.

Put down an insulating layer if possible. Crouch with hands off ground and mouth open.


identify burns Second-degree burns are so last century. Nowadays, in-the-know burn victims classify their wounds by the depth of epidermal damage.


be prepared in a house fire

full-thickness bur n

partial-thickness bur n

superficial bur n

blisters, patchy white or red areas with black edges, may or may not be painful

blisters, red weeping skin, quite painful

redness, dry skin, pain

deal with a superficial burn

Soothe with a cold cloth.

Keep it exposed to air.

Take pain reliever.

000 86

Monitor for discoloration.

handle a chemical burn

Stay calm.

Brush off dry chemicals.

Flush out remaining bits.

Pat dry.

Leave embedded material.

Put antibiotic on open sores.

Cover with sterile gauze.

Seek medical attention.



help a seizure victim

Remove anything near neck.

Check that airway is clear.

Put soft object under head.

Remove hazards from area.

Note duration of attack.

Keep bystanders away.

Place in recovery position.

Explain what happened.

If a person is unconscious or semiconscious, place him in the recovery position to keep him breathing safely. Here’s how.

If the seizure lasts for more than five minutes, call an ambulance.

2 Bring bent knee forward.

1 Extend ar m

above head.

4 Tilt head up to open

airway and allow fluids to drain.

3 Roll victim onto side.

the seizure lasts for more than five minutes, call an ambulance.

recognize a heart attack

pressure, squeezing, or pain in center of chest

tightness, bur ning, or pain in ar ms, neck, jaw, or back

faint, increased, or ir regular pulse


cold sweat, dizziness, pallor, anxiety, or fear

A heart attack victim may experience any of these symptoms in varying degrees of intensity, and the symptoms may abate and then reappear. If you suspect a heart attack, call for an ambulance immediately.

If you notice any of these symptoms take immediate action, even if the symptoms appear to go away. Early intervention during a stroke can reduce long-term disability.

identify a stroke


weakness, facial droop, or tingling on one or both sides of body

confusion; trouble speaking or understanding

sudden, severe headache; trouble seeing

dizziness; loss of balance


91 153

treat titlehyperventilation of activity to come here prepare tasty snake meat

Slow down.


Remove source of anxiety.


Encourage slower breathing.

Raise victim’s head.

Have him breathe into bag.

Have someone sit with you.

Inhale through nose.

survive an asthma attack

Stay calm.

Use inhaler if available.



Purse lips; exhale slowly.

Get away from triggers.

Seek aid if attack lasts.

Discuss asthma care plan.

soothe a mild allergic reaction


calamine lotion

Calm and reassure victim.

Identify and isolate allergen.

If rash appears, apply lotion.

Apply a cold compress.

spot a severe allergic reaction


coughing or wheezing

chest pain or discomfort


difficulty breathing



stop a nosebleed



Apply inter mittent pressure.

Lean forward.

Catch blood with a cloth.

If bleeding persists, get help.

Different nosebleeds may respond to different approaches. Here are some alter nate abatement methods to try.

Try pushing on your upper lip.


If it’s caused by dryness, breathe into a damp cloth.

free a frozen tongue

Keep victim still and calm.

Pour war m water.

Gently ease tongue away.

Comfort victim.


preserve a dislodged tooth

Hold by crown, not roots.

Clean in bowl of war m water.

Place in glass of milk.

Bring to a dentist.


f ill a cracked tooth

1 drop eugenol

Wash hands thoroughly.

Remove pieces of tooth.

Rinse with disinfected water.

Apply to reduce pain.

Roll melted wax into a ball.

Place wax filling in gap.

Bite to set in place.

See a dentist.


spot and treat a concussion





Check for spinal cord injury.

Put cold compress on bump.

Keep victim still.

Wake; assess condition.

inappropriate outbursts

nausea, vomiting uneven pupils

short-ter m memory loss, confusion

blur red or double vision, light sensitivity, seeing spots

mood swings, personality changes

headaches, sleepiness, unconsciousness

unusual ir ritability

If you suspect a skull fracture, do not apply pressure. Call for medical aid immediately. The victim can take a pain medication that doesn’t contain aspirin.

help a lost child

No matter how upset the kid is, don’t pick her up or put your arms around her—a pat on the arm will be enough. Stay with her where you found her.



Crouch to child’s eye level.

Ask if she’s lost her parents.


3 Comfort her without holding or picking up.

Reassure her.


Ask for parents’ details.


Stay put and await help—don’t walk off.

Call police or store security.

Stay with child until help ar rives.



rescue a cat up a tree

8 1 Locate stranded cat.

Feed cat immediately.

2 Cut a slit in the side of a pillowcase.


7 Stitch a work glove to slit in pillowcase.

Cinch top; climb down.


4 Pull bag inside out, enclosing cat.


catch backyard game


Climb tree; don glove.

Grab cat by the scruff of the neck.

rescue-breathe for a dog



Pull tongue forward.

Close mouth.

Cover snout and breathe.

Repeat every three seconds.

protect a baby bird 1

Call a wildlife aid center.




Put tissue paper in a box.


If bird is featherless, replace in nest.

Place bird in box.

Cover loosely with a towel.

154 104

rescue a swimmer in trouble 162


ace an emergency scuba ascent

2 Grab a towel or jacket.

Swim out to the victim.


Stop short; throw the towel.


Swim in, pulling victim.


Let victim get a grip.


Get medical aid if needed.

A panicked swimmer may try to climb on top of you. For your safety and hers, keep your distance and use a rescue aid, like a towel or rope.

Heat exhaustion is an easily treatable illness brought on by exposure to—you guessed it—heat. If ignored, it can progress into life-threatening heat stroke, which requires emergency care. Here’s how to tell the difference.

identify heat-related illnesses


pale, cool, moist skin temperature of 100°–105°F (38°–41°C)

sweating profusely

unconscious or unusual mental state

faint, quickened pulse

temperature over 105°F (41°C)

rapid pulse muscle cramps or pains heat exhaustion

flushed, hot, dry skin

heat stroke

treat heat exhaustion

Check victim’s temperature.

Shade him; remove clothes.

Bathe with cool water.


Give him plenty to drink.


help clean up an oil spill



Attend volunteer training.

Don a hazmat suit.



Report any injured wildlife, keeping your distance.

Follow leaders’ instructions.

Work together to rake the oil.

Shovel debris; haul away in double bags.

Keep animals and bystanders off the beach. Don’t forget to wash the rocks. Use mats made from human hair to soak up the oil.

clean an oiled bird 1


Safely capture the bird. Pilot a boom boat to the edge of the spill.

Clean mucous membranes.



99 parts clean water 1 part dishwashing liquid

Wash; repeat until clean. Contain the slick with the oil boom.

Use mats made from human hair to soak up the oil.

Gently dry with war m air.



Place in war m water.

Get training before trying to clean oiled wildlife.




help someone out of an ice hole

Anchor yourself.


Crawl out with a stick.

Let victim take hold.

Pull while victim kicks out.

save a hypothermia victim 133

95°F (35°C)

Assess body temperature.

Monitor shivering.

Other signs of hypother mia include sluggishness, disorientation, and general fatigue. If a person suddenly stops violently shivering, the case is severe and you should get help as soon as possible.

dig a snow cave

Remove from exposure.

Handle the victim gently.

treat frostbite




104°F (40°C)

Look for waxy or white skin.

Remove constricting items.

Soak in war m water.

Separate the digits; wrap.

Remove any wet clothing.

Insulate the victim.

Serve a hot beverage.

Share heat.

When things get crazy, and that fight-or-flight instinct kicks in, it’s natural to get a kind of tunnel vision and stop thinking rationally. You need to combat this habit, or else not only will you fail to rescue anyone, you’ll end up needing to be rescued yourself. And that’s just embarrassing. The real survival rock-star has spent some time thinking about how they’d handle getting lost in the woods, attacked by pit bulls, bitten by poisonous snakes, and shipwrecked at sea . . . although hopefully not all at once. If it happened though, and you’d memorized everything in this book, you would totally prevail. Just stay calm, remember to protect yourself, communicate well with others, focus on teamwork . . . and most importantly, show that man-eating shark who’s boss. You rock!



mark your trail

If you want others to be able to follow your path in the wild, make these inter national trailblazing symbols using grass, sticks, or rocks.

not the way tur n left

tubelike with tapered ends danger

teardrop shaped pellets with bone and hair

birds of prey

cat family

tur n right

head this way

read animal tracks and scat


If you want to avoid crossing paths with unfriendly creatures, or to follow the trail of something tasty, keep an eye out for their unique scat and tracks. oval with a pointed end small, circular pellets

looks like pencil lead

trap a rodent

cat family

dog family

deer family

rabbits and hares




walk a straight line in the woods

Choose your direction.


Most of the time, you’re probably pretty good at walking in a straight line. In the wilder ness, it’s almost impossible due to uneven ter rain and obstacles. Use this trick to stay on track.

Find a landmark in that path.

Walk toward the landmark.

Ar rive; pick a new landmark.

navigate with your watch


No compass? No problem! A trusty wristwatch can point you in the right direction.

Norther n Hemisphere temperate zones


N To find north, imagine a line bisecting the space between the twelve o’clock position and the hour hand.

un s e s h’ th tc p wa . e u ur and Lin h yo ur h t wi ho

S To find south, mentally draw a bisecting line between the hour hand and the twelve o’clock position.

Li elv sun ne u eo w p ’cl ith the oc th kp e os itio n.


Souther n Hemisphere temperate zones

stay on track in the desert


navigate out of a swamp


Barchan dunes, found in many deserts, are crescent-shaped.

The “points” of the cresent will tell you which way is downwind.

Tie a leaf to a stick and poke the stick into the swamp floor.

Very slowly, the leaf will drift downriver. Head in that direction to reach the ocean (and hopefully other people). Use this infor mation to stay on track as you hike out of the desert.

read the stars


f ind the equator in a forest

Trees grow toward the sun, so branches will be thicker on the side facing the equator.

Stake two sticks into the ground. Line up the tops with a star.

If it moves to your left, you’re facing north.

If it moves to your right, you are facing south. If the star dips down as you watch, you’re facing west.

These directions are for the Norther n Hemisphere. Reverse them if you’re in the Souther n Hemisphere.


The rings on a stump will also grow denser in the direction of the equator.


build a campfire 2


Make a pile of dry tinder.

For m a teepee of sticks.



Sur round with branches.


Ignite tinder.

light a fire with chocolate

Unwrap a chocolate bar.

Rub onto soda can bottom.

Focus sunlight onto tinder.

Use tinder to light fire.

construct a fire drill


Cut a notch in a plank.

Set a leaf under the notch.

Tie string to a stick.

Wrap second stick in string.

Use a rock to hold in place.

Use a sawing motion.

Gather coals; add to tinder.

Blow on tinder to ignite.

use a fire plank

Set a leaf beneath a plank.

Gouge a channel into plank.

Dig faster to create coals.


Pour coals onto tinder.


purify water in green bamboo

Cut a stalk of bamboo.

Cut a section to for m a cup.

Fill with water.

Bring to a boil; remove cup.

Add hot stones to water.

Continue until boiling.

If you need to purify water in the field, use hollow green plants like bamboo or young coconut. The water will boil before the plant bur ns through.


boil water in a tree stump

Put stones in a campfire.

Pour into hollow stump.

collect water from fog


This simple device tur ns low-hanging clouds into water.  Boil before drinking if possible.



Suspend two sheets of garden mesh.


read storm clouds

Use a slit PVC pipe to collect drips.

PVC endcap


Angle the pipe downward.


Run a hose into a container to store the water.



get water in the desert

Any waterproof container will do.

The tubing should be at least 3 ft (1 m) in length.

Dig deep enough to reach the damper subsoil. You can help the process by by urinating near­—but not inside!—the container.

The plastic tarp must be clear.

Medium-sized rocks work best.




Dig with a shovel or a large flat stone. Dig a hole in the sand.

Add a container to collect water.

Insert the tubing.

signal an airplane

154 128


Yes! Need help!

No. Don’t need help.

Wait for water to condense.

7 Make symbols on the ground large enough to be seen from above.

During daylight hours, water vapor will condense beneath the tarp and drip from its lowest point.

Put a rock in the center.

serious injury

all is well

need compass and map

believe safe to land here

indicate direction to proceed

am going this way


Seal the airholes with sand.



need food and water Cover the hole with the tarp.

Anchor the tarp with rocks.

Make symbols using branches, footprints, or any other available material.


erect a quick tepee

Open a tarp; place rock in the center.

Knot a rope to secure the rock.

Sling the rope over a branch.

Raise the tarp; tie the rope to the trunk.

Spread out the base; secure with rocks.

Add leaves for insulation; climb in!


assemble a debris hut


set up a shade shelter

2 Use a 1 Find a

tree with a low crook.

sturdy branch as a beam.

3 Add

smaller sticks.

4 Roof

with leafy branches.

3 Stretch a blanket 4 over the hole.

Anchor with rocks.

identify heat-related illnesses

1 Find a natural

5 Insulate the floor with grass,

dip in the land.

leaves, or pine needles.

build a swamp bed

2 Dig a space


for your body.



dig a snow cave treat frostbite

1 Find four


well-spaced trees, or drive bamboo poles into the mud.

2 Measure and

cut branches.

3 Make a frame

with the long branches; secure with vines.

4 Tie the

5 Pad with shorter large leaves. branches to the frame.

1 Dig into a

deep, fir m snowdrift.

2 Carve

a high sleeping platfor m.

3 Chisel a

floor to trap sinking cold air.

4 Poke a

hole for oxygen flow.

5 Seal the

entrance with a snowball.

134 154


survive an avalanche

prevent snow blindness





1 ft (30 cm)

Jump above the break line.

Move perpendicular to flow.

Cut a strip of duct tape; fold.

Make a long slit.




Grab a sturdy tree or rock.


“Swim” on top of snow.

Fasten around head with tape.


Blacken cheeks with soot.


Snow debris and broken trees indicate previous avalanches—be wary of repeat slides. If submerged, cover face.

Make airhole as snow slows.

be avalanche aware


f ind an avalanche victim

Avoid avalanche-prone areas in the 48 hours after rough weather or a thaw. If you must go, pack a collapsible shovel, a snow probe, and an avalanche beacon.

Slopes of 30 to 45 degrees are most likely to avalanche, but even slopes of 25 to 60 degrees can slide in certain conditions.



Go to location of last sighting.


Set beacon to receive mode.



A heavy, compacted layer of snow resting on a powdery layer is highly unstable. Poke with snow probe. Smooth, grassy slopes without rocks or trees are most dangerous.

Dig downhill from victim. save a hypothermia victim



Everyone in your party should car ry an avalanche beacon. Should you lose someone in an avalanche, you can use your beacon to hone in on the radio signal emitted by the victim’s beacon and find them quickly. Uncover head first.

Send for help.



make a fish trap

Cut two bottles.


Fit together.

Perforate; stitch together.

Bait; anchor and submerge.

go ice fishing

4 in (10 cm)

Chisel a hole in thick ice.

Tie line and hook to a forked branch.

Bait the hook; lower into hole.

catch a fish bare-handed

Submerge your ar m.

Prop the forked branch with a stick.

Wiggle your fingers.

Scoop up fish.

Pack to prevent hole from freezing over.

Fling to shore.

Wait for a bite.


154 141

snare a hare

Trim two forked sticks.

Stake flanking a rabbit trail.

Secure wire noose to tree.

Attach noose to sticks.

Hang and bleed out.

Make incisions in the pelt.

Peel the skin off.

Cut the head off.

Remove the feet and tail.

Slice the abdomen open.

Remove the organs.

Clean the carcass.


gut a hare

squash a squirrel


nab a fox


Lean a heavy rock on the top stick.

Prop the rock with notched sticks.

Tie a rope to the tree, then wrap it around the linchpin. Bait the bottom stick.

trap a rodent

Anchor the linchpin with a baited stick

Set the noose undreneath the baited stick.


impale an elk


Cover the pit’s mouth with branches and leaves. Dig a hole in a field.

3 ft (1 m)

Prop a log over the hole, making what appears to be a shelter.

Dig an elk-sized pit and add thick, pointed sticks to the bottom.

A rodent will run under the log and be unable to see the hole.

Use extreme caution when climbing out!

5 ft (1.5 m)

fend off a mountain lion When it comes to intimidating bears and mountain lions, size does matter. Here are some quick ways to make yourself look bigger.




Hold your jacket over your head.

Face cat; maintain eye contact.

Make noise; wave ar ms.


Wave large, leafy branches.

Have a friend jump on your shoulders.

Throw rocks if it lunges.


Punch and kick; aim for eyes.

save a child from a coyote


Let go!

Scare with dominance.

Yank the tail to free child.

Kick the ribs.

Move to high ground.


treat a snake bite


Remove constricting items.


Keep the bite below the heart. Immobilize.


Wash the site with antiseptic soap and water.

4 5


Dress with a loose bandage.

Kill the snake.

Bring the snake for identification.

get jungle savvy


Raise your ar ms and puff yourself up to appear larger. Slowly back away.

Fend off debilitating jungle eye by looking through the jungle, rather than at individual leaves.

Maintain eye contact.

Think you can outclimb a jungle cat? Think again!

To clear a path, swing a machete in downward strokes. Be careful of your legs!

Don’t play dead—you could end up that way!

remove a botfly with bacon


preserve meat in a smoker

Note botfly larva.

Wrap area in bacon.

Botfly will bur row out.

Remove bacon.



prepare tasty snake meat

Behead snake; slit the belly.

Peel off the skin.

Remove the guts.

Cut the meat.

Remove stinger.


Roast until brown, crispy.

To trap a nutritious snake safely, grab a long stick with a fork at the end. Hold the stick just behind the snake’s head, then pin it to the ground.


eat a scorpion

Stab to hold in place.

eat wild around the world


pads Peel and eat raw. flower head Eat raw.

seeds Roast and grind into flour.

seeds Eat raw or cooked. leaves Eat raw.

stalks Peel, cut, and boil.

roots Boil.

roots Eat raw or cooked.



fruit Peel and eat raw.

prickly pear cactus

summer flower heads Eat cooked. stems Wearing gloves, peel, chop, and boil or steam. nettle

leaf shoots Eat raw or cooked.

leaves Eat raw, cooked, or dried. seaweed

winter roots Mash in water ; let sit; drain and eat. cattail

young pinecones Boil or bake. fruit Eat raw. heart of palm Eat raw.

palmetto palm

new needles Steep, boil, or eat raw. pine tree

seeds Dry pinecone; break open; eat seeds raw.

flesh Boil, remove shell, soak in salt water. snail


survive a shipwreck 2



Get war m and dry.

do the heimlich maneuver

Shield yourself from the sun.



Suck on a button to ease thirst. Collect rainwater in a tarp.


See land? Swim to it.

use pants as a flotation device

Remove your pants.

Knot bottoms of the legs.

Pull down to fill with air.

Cinch belt and hug.

f ind land when lost at sea

If you’re adrift at sea and antsy to make landfall, watch for these signs that ter ra fir ma is near.


Cumulus clouds gather near solid ground. Seabirds head away from land during the day and toward it in the evening.

Test the wind: it blows toward land during the day and away at nighttime.

If you see a shape on the horizon, note its color. Land will be green; shadows and clouds will appear gray.

Fields of seaweed grow near land.

You’ll spot driftwood from trees (make sure it’s not debris from a boat).


build a dugout canoe

Trim limbs from driftwood.

Shape the ends.

Ring the top with mud.

Set fire inside mud ring.

Scrape the char red wood.

Bur n; scrape; repeat.

Check for leaks.

Seal leaks with pitch.


use coconuts

sunblock Rub the oil from a mature coconut onto your skin for protection from the tropical sun.

vitamins Coconut meat, water, and oil are packed with antioxidants, vitamins, and protein.

hydration The water in young coconuts is full of electrolytes and potassium.

roofing Use the fronds to to make a shelter.

tableware Use hollow shells to store liquid or carve them into utensils.

pick a coconut know your knots



Tie machete to belt.

Loop a rope around feet.

Grasp trunk.

Bring feet up.

Reach up; bring feet up.


Haul machete up.

Cut green coconuts.

palm wine The sap from palm flowers can be fer mented into a wine called toddy.

percussion instruments Bang empty half-shells together to make music.

rope Braid coir, the fibrous husk material, into a strong rope.

accessories Make kitschy jewelry or clothing from the shells.

tinder Coir and dry leaves help you start a bonfire.


treat a jellyfish sting

The pressure drop as you rise to the surface can give you a few more breaths from an “empty” tank.



ace an emergency scuba ascent 3

2 1

Calmly kick toward surface.

Take last breath if air is available. Use tank gauge to confir m that you’re out of air.

Look up and exhale slowly as you ascend.



6 If assistance is needed, inflate safety sausage.

Wave to attract help.

Release weight belt if not ascending at nor mal rate.


escape a kelp forest

Check gauges and try breathing nor mally.


Stay calm.

Use dive knife to cut kelp.


Swim to a clearing.



Crawl along kelp at surface.



avoid a shark attack

Remove shiny jewelry.

Check for open cuts.

Pack a last resort weapon.

Dive during the day.

Stay in a group.

Use controlled movements.

Avoid dolphins and seabirds.

Use air tank to scare sharks.

Hit on the top of the head.

Poke in the eye.

Stab in the face.


fend off a shark

Yank the gills.

resist a wolf pack


tails up

fangs bared

Move to solid, dry ground.

Watch for aggressive stance.

Charge one wolf.

Kick to protect legs.

Wolves will attack a victim’s lower legs in order to bring them down. Kick and shake your legs to repel them.

battle a pit bull


rescue-breathe for a dog

Avoid direct eye contact.

Climb above dog if possible.

If not, play dead.

If attacked, strike eyes.


168 51

spike an assailant

bolt from a wrist grip

Break attacker’s grasp.

154 169

Put your hand on his head.

Pull his head down.

Follow through.

Step back; pull neck down.

Straddle and pin ar ms.

embrace your enemy

Embrace opponent’s neck.

Clasp your hands.

do a handshake takedown

Begin a friendly handshake.

Clasp his forear m.

Spin, holding his forear m.

Grab his bicep.

Pull down abruptly.

Swing him over your shoulder.

Follow thorugh.

Finish him.


171 24

deal with failed brakes

There may be residual pressure left in failed brakes, so go ahead and pump.

check a car before a trip

Note failed brakes; stay calm.

Release gas pedal.

Switch on hazard lights.

Pump brakes.

Engage emergency brake.

Downshift if possible.

Nudge car against object.

Exit away from traffic.

If car tur ns, tur n with it.

Pump after tires reconnect.


handle a hydroplaning car

Release gas pedal.

Maintain vehicle direction.

weather a chemical spill


Cover your nose and mouth.

Run away from the cloud.

Get indoors.

Close windows and doors.

Tur n off the ther mostat.

Unplug appliances.

Seal openings.

Listen for instructions.

When confronted with a chemical spill, your first task is to get far, far away from it. If you can’t reach your hand out and cover the entire accident with your thumb, you’re still too close!


survive a snowbound car

It best to stay off the roads during a snow storm but if travel can’t be avoided, be sure to be safe. Always add to additional items like space blankets in your emergency kit. Don’t ever wander away from your car.

If your reception is low, try texting for help.

Put on any and all clothing items you might have.

Crack the window and light an emergency candle.

Crumple papers and stuff into clothing for extra warmth.

Portion out and eat high energy foods.

Keep the car turned off.

Don’t wander away from your car.

Make sure to stretch frequently.

improvise a signal mirror


Crumple papers and stuff into clothing for extra warmth.

Form a “V” with fingers.

Hold a CD with other hand.

Align object between “V.”

Reflect light through “V.”

tools tennis ball







pain reliever


work glove


change cloth

cool compress

go bag






safety shears


sleeping bag















saline solution

fire extinguisher


safety sausage


hand soap


weight belt


id tags and collar



1100 3710

266 64 0 1 05 220

00 04 04/1/1


liquid soap


cable lock

sterile gauze

pet go bag


pet travel cage

rfid chip



cleaning rod

dry tinder

antibiotic cream



dry leaf





cleanup gear




paper bag

long stick


forked sticks




dog treat





extra padding


charred wood


large box


oiled cloth



elastic bandage

fishing stick





baking soda


cloth pads



empty sandbag

fire setup




rubber gloves

key safe



avalanche beacon

powdered ginger

mug of water

5 5

en o at To Sacram








To Los

s Angele






Mt Dana

Mt Lyell


liquid soap

1100 3710

266 64 0 1 05 220

0 04 04/1/1

forked branch

credit card

fish hook

paper towel


antiviral medicine

ice chisel

water bowl


fishing line

hardwood stick


rubbing alcohol



box cutter





resealable bags



snow probe




tissue paper


diving knife

mini emergency kit








duct tape




airtight bandage


air tank

hazard pamphlet


dead rabbit

bucket of water


butterfly strips

ice cubes


gun safes

pet food and water


mobile phones


cotton swab


pet food


gun case



scuba gear

index a-b-c

abroad, travel safely 21 accident, helping victims of 48-50 account numbers, security strategies for 22 airplane, ground signals to 128 airway puncture 60 alarm systems 23, 55 allergic reactions 70, 93, 94 animals attacks, strategies for surviving 147 -149, 164 -170 behavior, before disaster 13 rescue 12, 101–103 tracks 113 assailants, escape from 51–53, 168–170 asthma attacks, how to survive 92 auto (see car) avalanche awareness of potential 136 finding a victim of 137 survival strategies for 134 awareness (see danger awareness) balcony-railing safety 10 beach shelters 31 bear encounters, strategies for 147 bear-hug hold, escape from 53 bee sting, treatment of 74 bird rescue 103, 108 boat in trouble, how to signal 27 boat safety, in storm 29 botfly removal 152 brake failure, strategy for handling 171 buddy up, as safety strategy 1 bunker, underground 6 burglar-proofing 23



cumulonimbus clouds, interpretation of 28 cumulus clouds, interpretation of 28

burglary, follow up after 55 burgled home, deal with 54 burns, identification and treatment of 85– 87 campfire, how to build 120 canisters, to indicate boat in trouble 27 canoe, how to build 159 car emergency kit for 25 failed brake strategy 171 hydroplaning strategy 172 safety check before trip 24 snowbound, survive 174 cat rescue 101 cell phones and emergency preparedness 4 and street awareness 1 chemical burns, treatment of 87 chemical spill, strategy for 173 chemicals and home safety 10 and poison treatment 71 chest congestion, make a ginger poultice 76 chest decompression 62 choke hold, escape from 52 choking victims, first aid for 57, 59 clean a gun 42 clothing fire, rescue from 82 clouds, interpretation of 28 clutter and home safety 19 coconuts 160, 161 concussions, identification and treatment of 99 coyote, save a child from 149 cpr 56, 58 creature tracks 113 cricothyrotomy (airway puncture) 60



danger awareness in the office 3 in parking garage 26 on the street 1 in the wilderness 2, 136, 151 debris hut 130 deserts navigation in 116 shelter in 34 water collection method in 127 dinghy, for flood preparedness 7 disarm a shooter 45 disease containment 46 door handles and disease containment 46 dugout canoe, how to build 159 electrocution, rescue from 83 elk, trap for 146 emergency contact out-of-state 4 when traveling 20 for wilderness route 2 emergency food storage for people 5, 6, 8, 9, 14, 35 for pets 5, 11 emergency kit for car 25, 174 first aid 47 for home 5 emergency plans for family 4 for office 3



for burns 85–87 for choking 57, 59 for concussions 99 cpr 56, 58 for cracked tooth 98 for dislodged tooth 97 for eye 81 for fractures 67–69 for frostbite 110 for heat exhaustion 106 for jellyfish sting 75 for nosebleeds 95 for poisoning 71 for severed toe 66 sling 68 for snake bites 150 splint 67 for splinters 80 suturing 61 for wounds 61, 63–66 first-aid kit 47 fish hook, remove a small 78 fishing, techniques 138–140 fitness training 41 flags, maritime signals using 27 floatation device, pants as 157 flood preparedness 7, 15, 16 flu containment 46 food for urban emergencies backyard game 38 canning 35 city pigeons 39 foraging 155 scorpions 154 smoked meat 37

emergency scuba ascent 162 emergency workers 4 equator, finding by tree signs 119 escape from assailants 51-53, 163–165 from bear hug hold 53 from choke hold 52 from kelp forest 163 from pit bull attack 167 from shark 164 from wolf pack 166 from wrist grip 51 escape routes, planning of 3, 19 evacuation plan for pets 11, 12 exit plan 3, 19 eye, object removal from 81


family emergency plans 4, 19 fire methods for making 120 –123 preparedness for 17–19 fire drill 122 fire-escape ladders 19 fire extinguishers how to use 18 placement of 10 fire plank 123 firescaping 17 first aid after accident 48 airway puncture 60 for babies 58, 59 bandaging 64– 66 for bee sting 74 for bleeding 63




storage of 5, 6, 9, 14, 25 vegetable gardens 35, 40 venison jerky 36 fox, trap for 144 fractures chart 69 frostbite, treatment of 110 frozen tongue, how to free 96 game, methods for catching 141, 143–146 gas shut off valve 10, 14 ginger, make a poultice 76 gun cleaning 42 range, be safe at 44 social collapse, secure an armory 35 storing 43 gut a hare 142 government identification, security strategies for 22 hand washing and disease containment 42 handshake takedown 170 hare, gut a 142 snare for catching 141 healing, with ginger 76 heart attack, signs of 89 heat exhaustion 105, 106 heimlich maneuver 57 help a lost child 100 home safety and security 8, 10, 19, 22–23, 35 house fire, preparedness for 17–19 hug takedown 169 hurricane preparedness 14 hydroplaning, strategy for handling 172 hyperventilation, treatment for 91 hypothermia treatment 111 ice fishing 140



ice hole, rescue from 109 identification checking and home safety 10 identity theft prevention 22 internet transactions, security strategies for 22 ipecac for poisoning 71


jellyfish sting treatment 75 jungles navigation, in 151 shelters for 33 kelp forest escape 163 knots, descriptions and uses of 30 leg splint, how to make 67 lightning strike, how to avoid 84 lost child, how to help 100


maritime signals 27 marking, trail 112 martial arts moves 51–53, 168–170 meat, how to smoke 37 medicine chest evaluation 77 meeting place, for family in emergencies 4, 19 motion sensors 20 mountain lion encounter, strategies for 148 natural disaster, animal behavior before 13 navigation in the desert 116 finding land 158 relative to the equator 119 by the stars 118 straight line in woods 114 through a swamp 117 through dangerous streets 1 using a watch 115


nightlights and home safety 10 nimbostratus clouds, interpretation of 28 nosebleeds, how to stop 95 ocean perils boat in storm 29 emergency scuba ascent 162 kelp forest escape 163 shark avoid attack 164 shark, fend off 165 shipwreck 156 office preparedness 3 oil spills bird care after 108 cleanup of 107


packed bags for office emergencies 3 for pets in emergencies 11 panic room, for home safety 8 pants as floatation device 157 parking garage dangers, strategies for 26 passwords, security strategies for 22 pet evacuation plan 11, 12 pet rescue 12, 101–103 picture placement and home safety 10 pit bull attack, escape from 167 plans (see emergency plans, exit plans, preparedness) plants test for edibility 70 as wilderness food 155 poison and home safety 10 natural foods, avoid 72 treatment for 71



policemen 1, 4 preparedness for burglars 23 for a car trip 25, 26 for family in emergencies 4 for fire 17, 18, 19 for floods 7, 15, 16 for home invaders 8, 20, 23 for hurricanes 14 for nuclear war 6 for office emergencies 3 for pets in emergencies 11, 12 for social collapse 35 for tornadoes 9 for travel 20, 24, 25 for the wilderness 2 preserving food how to prepare venison jerky 36 how to smoke meat 37 pulse, checking for 50 radio, hand cranked 5, 7, 9, 35 rescue strategies for animals 101–103 for avalanche victims 137 for baby bird 103 for cat in tree 101 from clothing fire 82 for cracked tooth 98 for dislodged tooth 97 from electrocution 83 for frozen tongue 96 for hypothermia victim 111 from ice hole 109 for lost child 100 for swimmer in trouble 104 rodent, trap for 145




mirror, improvise 175 situational awareness (see danger awareness) sling, how to make 68 smoke detectors 10 smoker, for meat preservation 37 snake bites, treatment for 150 snake meat preparation 153 snowbound car, survive 174 snow blindness, prevention of 135 snow shelters 32, 133 spark arresters 19 splint, how to make 67 splinter removal 80 squirrel, trap for 143 storm clouds, interpretation of 28 storms, boat safety in 29 stratocumulus clouds, interpretation of 28 street safety, while walking 1 stroke, signs of 90 superficial burns, treatment of 86 suturing 61 swamp bed 132 swamp navigation 117 takedowns 168–170 tepee 129 tire tread check 24 toe, severed, how to preserve 66 tooth trauma cracked 98 dislodged 97 tor nado preparedness 9 tor nado shelter 9 trail marking 112 training, safety 3 trap for fish 138 traps for game 141, 143 –146

safety in the home 8, 10 in the office 3 in parking garage 26 on the street 1 in wilderness 2 safety latches 10 sandbags as a flood barrier 15 how to fill 16 scorpion, meat preparation 154 scuba ascent 162 sea dangers boat in storm 29 emergency scuba ascent 162 kelp forest entrapment 163 shark 164, 165 shipwreck 156–158 seizure victims, help for 88 self-defense moves 51–53, 168–170 sensitive information, security strategies for 22 shelters for beach 31 debris hut 130 for desert 34 for jungle 33 for shade 131 for snow 32, 133 swamp bed 132 tepee 129 shipwreck survival 156–158 signals for boat in trouble 27 from ground to airplane 128




travel preparedness 20, 21 urban hunting 38, 39


valuables, storage of 10 vegetable garden 35, 40 venomous insects, identify 73 water boiled in a tree stump 125 collection from fog 126 collection of rainwater 156 purification in bamboo 124 water heater safety 10 weather, monitoring of 2 wild animal attacks, strategies for surviving 147–150, 164–167 wild game, methods for catching 141, 143–146 wilderness skills animal attack survival 147–150, 164 –167 fire-making 120–123 fishing techniques 138–140 foraging 70, 155 game to eat 141. 143–146 navigation 114 –119 preparedness 2 reading tracks 113 shelters 31–34, 129–133 snakes as food 153 trail marking 112 water boiling 125 water collection 126, 127 water purification 124 wolf-pack escape 166 wound care 61, 63 –66 wrist grip, escape from 51



show me who 415 Jackson Street San Francisco CA 94111

2 Park Avenue New York NY 10016

CEO, President Terry Newell

Editor-in-Chief Todd Smith

VP, Sales and New Business Development Amy Kaneko

VP, Group Publisher Eric Zinczenko

VP, Publisher Roger Shaw Associate Creative Director Kelly Booth Executive Editor Mariah Bear Editor Lucie Parker Project Editor Frances Reade, Jann Jones Editorial Assistant Emelie Griffin Senior Designer Stephanie Tang Designers Meghan Hildebrand, Rachel Liang

Copyright © 2011 by Weldon Owen Inc. All rights reserved. Unauthorized reproduction, in any manner, is prohibited. Outdoor Life and Weldon Owen are divisions of

Storyboarders Sarah Duncan, Sheila Masson, Jamie Spinello, Brandi Valenza, Astrea White, Kevin Yuen Illustration specialists Hayden Foell, Jamie Spinello, Ross Sublett Editorial and research support team Alex Eros, Marianna Monaco, Katharine Moore, Gail Nelson-Bonebrake, Camille Rankin, Paula Rogers, Marisa Solîs, John Taranto, Mary Zhang Special thanks to Kemi Ando for her in-depth research and support on this title.

Library of Congress Control Number is on file with the publisher. ISBN: 978-1-61628-132-8

Illustration Coordinator Conor Buckley

10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 2014 2013 2012 2011

Production Director Chris Hemesath

Printed in China by 1010

Production Manager Michelle Duggan

Weldon Owen would like to thank:

A Show Me Now Book. Show Me Now is a trademark of Weldon Owen Inc.

Production Coordinator Charles Mathews Color Manager Teri Bell

ILLUSTRATION CREDITS The artwork in this book

Steve Baletsa: 2, 3, 4, 23, 51, 65, 66, 92, 93, 94 Juan

139, 141, 142, 153, 156, 173 Vic Kulihin: 157

was a true team effort. We are happy to thank and

Calle (Liberum Donum): 1, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 22, 26, 31

Raymond Larrett: 13, 24, 101, 102, 103, 124, 125, 126,

acknowledge our illustrators.

fr, 32 fr, 33 fr, 34 fr, 35, 38, 39, 41, 45, 48, 49, 52, 53, 59,

154, 159 Christine Meighan: 30 Vincent Perea: 110,

70, 75, 80, 82, 83, ,96, 97, 98, 99, 104, 105, 106, 107,

111,140, 150, 151 Jamie Spinello: 36, 87, 88, 89, 90,

108, 109, 112, 113, 134, 135, 136, 137, 148 149, 162,

160, 161 Bryon Thompson: 60, 61, 62, 85, 116, 117,

163, 164, 165, 166, 167, 168, 169, 170, 171, 172, 174,

118, 119, 127, 128, 130, 131, 132, 133 Lauren Towner:

175 Hayden Foell: 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 25, 40, 44, 67, 69, 120,

11, 12, 71, 73, 100 Gabhor Utomo: 14, 20, 21, 27, 28,

121, 122, 123, 129, 139, 143, 144, 145, 146, 152 Britt

29, 30 fr, 54, 76, 84, 114, 158 Tina Cash Walsh: 46, 58,

Hanson: 10, 31 bg, 32 bg, 33 bg, 34 bg, 47, 147 Joshua

115 Paul Williams 50 Mary Zins: 37, 42, 43, 78, 79

Front Cover: Juan Calle: scorpion, ice hole rescue Bryon Thompson: flashlight Back Cover: Juan Calle: sandbags, spike assailant Joshua Kemble: sling Key bg= background, fr= frames

Kemble: 56, 57, 63, 64, 68, 74, 77, 81, 86, 91, 95,138,

a final note Now that you’ve read this book, you’re ready to go out there and make the world a better place (#104), or at least take care of yourself and help your friends and loved ones (#19). If you want to keep learning about first aid and survival, look into taking some classes, doing volunteer work (#103), and reaching out to your community (#35). The positive mindset and skills you’ve learned will take you far.

about Outdoor Life Outdoor Life ( is the source for hunting and fishing adventure and one of American’s leading outdoor publications. Founded in 1898, Outdoor Life provides technical information, survival tips, wilderness destinations, field reports and gear guides for hands-on outdoor enthusiasts.

hey, you! Is there something that you think should have been in this book? Do you have an amazing skill you want to share with the world? Is there something we didn’t get quite right? Send us your ideas, feedback, or even photos or video of you demonstrating your sweet skills (nothing dangerous, kids), and you could be featured in the next Show Me Now book. ATTN: SHOW ME TEAM Weldon Owen International. 1150 Brickyard Cove Rd Ste 100, Richmond, CA 94801