Refiguring Women, Colonialism, and Modernity in Burma

Refiguring Women, Colonialism, and Modernity in Burma presents the first study of one of the most prevalent and critical

792 67 3MB

English Pages 254 Year 2011

Report DMCA / Copyright

DOWNLOAD FILE

Polecaj historie

Refiguring Women, Colonialism, and Modernity in Burma

Table of contents :
Cover......Page 1
Title Page......Page 4
Copyright Page......Page 5
Contents......Page 7
Preface......Page 8
Abbreviations......Page 12
Introduction......Page 13
Chapter 1. The Colonial Setting......Page 26
Chapter 2. Women on the Rise Education and the Popular Press......Page 58
Chapter 3. Between Patriotism and Feminism: Politicized and Organized Women......Page 87
Chapter 4. Modern Woman as Consumer: Fashion, Domesticity, and the Marketplace......Page 108
Chapter 5. Mixing Religion and Race: Intermarriage, Miscegenation, and the Wives and Mistresses of Foreign Men......Page 132
Chapter 6. The Self-Indulgent Khit hsan thu: Culture, Nation, and Masculinity on Trial......Page 155
Conclusion......Page 175
Notes......Page 183
Glossary of Frequently Used Burmese Terms......Page 213
Bibliography......Page 217
Index......Page 241

Citation preview

Refiguring Women, Colonialism, and Modernity in Burma CHIE IKEYA

Refiguring Women, Colonialism, and Modernity in Burma

6RXWKHDVW$VLD 32/,7,&60($1,1*$1'0(025
:RPHQªVDGYDQFHPHQW@7RHWHW\D\  'HFHPEHU ¥ .KLQ 0\LQW  §(QJOLVKPHQ DV 6HHQ E\ %XUPHVH :RPHQ¨ 1JDQ KWD ODZND -DQXDU\  .KLQ0\R&KLW7KUHH$ERXW WKHQHHGWRLPSURYHZRPHQªVFXOWLYDWLRQ@7RHWHW\D\ -DQXDU\ ¥¥ ¦¦¦E§0õQPDP\ëQKDĭSUXSUDĭUH>:RPHQDQGUHIRUPV@7RHWHW\D\  )HEUXDU\ ¥¥ 0\D6HLQ§7KH:RPHQRI%XUPD$7UDGLWLRQRI+DUG:RUNDQG,QGHSHQGHQFH¨ $WODQWLF0RQWKO\ )HEUXDU\ ¥ ¦¦¦  §7RZDUGV ,QGHSHQGHQFH LQ %XUPD 7KH 5ROH RI :RPHQ¨ $VLDQ $IIDLUVQR 2FWREHU ¥ ¦¦¦ 7KH $GPLQLVWUDWLRQ RI %XUPD 5HSU .XDOD /XPSXU DQG 6LQJDSRUH 2[IRUG8QLYHUVLW\3UHVV2ULJLQDOO\SXEOLVKHGLQ ¦¦¦§0UDQPëDP\XLVDPõ¨>%XUPHVHZRPHQ@,Q0UDQPéDP\XLVD PóNUHPXİ>$ORRNLQJJODVVRI%XUPHVHZRPHQ@¥/HWWKHUHEHFUHVWKDLU@6KXPDZD -XO\  ¦¦¦§*\ëQD\PDJJDMDĭPKDWWXLĭP\ë¨>/DQGPDUNVLQWKHKLVWRU\RI MRXUQDOVDQGPDJD]LQHV@,Q&éQD\MDīVDPXLīFéWDPP\é>(VVD\VRQWKHKLVWRU\ RIMRXUQDOLVP@¥(VVD\VRQWKHQRYHO@¥/HGLSDQGLWD80DXQJ*\L@$KLVWRU\RI%XUPHVHOLWHUDWXUH@/LQJXLVWLFVWXG\RI%XUPHVHQLVVD\D$QQRWDWHGWUDQVODWLRQRI %XGGKLVWWH[WV@3DULV3UHVVHVGHOªeFROHIUDQoDLVHGª([WUrPH2ULHQW 3X*DOD\8.DEUéSUDVVDQé>7KHSUREOHPRIPL[HGSHRSOH@%XUPHVHZRPHQ@1RWHVRQ%XUPHVHSHUL RGLFDOV@3OHDVHZULWHWRWKHQLHFHV@-RXUQDOJ\DZ -DQXDU\  7LQ7XW§&DXVHVRIWKH$WWLWXGHRIWKH%XUPHVH3HRSOHLQWKH5HFHQW>:DU@ &DPSDLJQLQ%XUPD¨2FWREHU6LPOD,QGLD'HSDUWPHQWRI5HFRQVWUXFWLRQ $YDLODEOHLQ1$' 7RQH$QGUHD§&RQWUDFHSWLYH&RQVXPHUV*HQGHUDQGWKH3ROLWLFDO(FRQRP\RI %LUWK&RQWUROLQWKHV¨-RXUQDORI6RFLDO+LVWRU\QR 6SULQJ ¥ 7UDJHU )UDQN 1  %XUPD -DSDQHVH 0LOLWDU\ $GPLQLVWUDWLRQ 6HOHFWHG 'RFXPHQWV ¥3KLODGHOSKLD8QLYHUVLW\RI3KLODGHOSKLD3UHVV 7UDJHU)UDQN1DQG:LOOLDP-.RHQLJ%XUPHVH6LWWjQV¥5HFRUGV RI 5XUDO /LIH DQG $GPLQLVWUDWLRQ $VVRFLDWLRQ RI $VLDQ 6WXGLHV 0RQRJUDSK  7XFVRQ8QLYHUVLW\RI$UL]RQD3UHVV 7UDQ1KXQJ7X\HW§*HQGHU3URSHUW\DQGWKH©$XWRQRP\7KHVLVªLQ6RXWKHDVW $VLD7KH(QGRZPHQWRI/RFDO6XFFHVVLRQLQ(DUO\0RGHUQ9LHW1DP¨-RXUQDORI $VLDQ6WXGLHVQR¥ 7ULYHGL /LVD 1  §9LVXDOO\ 0DSSLQJ WKH ©1DWLRQª 6ZDGHVKL 3ROLWLFV LQ 1DWLRQDOLVW,QGLD¥¨-RXUQDORI$VLDQ6WXGLHVQR¥ 7XQ 6KHLQ  §(QIUDQFKLVHPHQW RI %XUPHVH :RPHQ¨ 7KXUL\D  1RYHPEHU  &OLSSLQJLQILOH§6H['LVTXDOLILFDWLRQ 5HPRYDO $FW¨/3-,25 7XUQHU$OLFLD0DULH§%XGGKLVP&RORQLDOLVPDQGWKH%RXQGDULHVRI5HOLJLRQ 7KHUDYDGD%XGGKLVPLQ%XUPD¥¨3K'GLVV8QLYHUVLW\RI&KLFDJR 7XVDQ0LFKHOOH(§:ULWLQJ6WUL'KDUPD,QWHUQDWLRQDO)HPLQLVP1DWLRQDOLVW 3ROLWLFVDQG:RPHQªV3UHVV$GYRFDF\LQ/DWH&RORQLDO,QGLD¨:RPHQªV+LVWRU\ 5HYLHZQR¥ 7ZRPH\ ' + 5  §/HWWHU WR WKH 6HFUHWDU\ WR WKH *RYHUQPHQW RI ,QGLD¨  -DQXDU\ ,Q ILOH  §0DUULDJHV EHWZHHQ (XURSHDQ 2IILFHUV LQ %XUPD DQG %XUPHVH:RPHQ¨/3-,25 8QLYHUVLW\%R\FRWWHUVª8QLRQ7KH9RLFHRI