Prehispanic Settlement Patterns in the Southern Valley of Mexico: The Chalco-Xochimilco Region 9781951538132

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Prehispanic Settlement Patterns in the Southern Valley of Mexico: The Chalco-Xochimilco Region
 9781951538132

Table of contents :
Contents
Tables
Maps
Figures
Plates
Acknowledgements
I. Introduction
Overall Objectives
The Research: Limitations, Scope, Objective, and Assumptions
II. The Natural Environment
Central Mexico
The Valley of Mexico
The Chalco-Xochimilco Region Survey Area
III. Post-Hispanic Settlement and Demography
The 20th Century
The Late Colonial Period (Late 18th and Early 19th Centuries)
The Post-Hispanic 16th Century
IV. Methodology
General Considerations
Survey Techniques
Site Classification
Chronology
V. An Ethnohistoric Synthesis of the Chalco-Xochimilco Region
Introduction
The Xochimilca Domain
Cuitlahuac and Mixquic
The Chalca Domain
The Initial Mexica Conquest of Chalco-Xochimilco
Chalco-Xochimilco Under the Triple Alliance
Conclusion
VI. Site Descriptions
Early Formative (Early Horizon)
Middle Formative (First Intermediate Phase One)
Late Formative (First Intermediate Phase Two)
Terminal Formative (First Intermediate Phase Three, Patlachique Phase)
Classic (First Intermediate Phase Five and Middle Horizon)
Early Toltec (Second Intermediate Phase One)
Late Toltec (Second Intermediate Phase Two)
Aztec (Second Intermediate Phase Three and Late Horizon)
VII. The Patterning Of Settlement
Introduction
Trends in Overall Population Size
Chronological Trends in Settlement Type
Trends in the Distribution of Settlement with Respect to the Natural Environment
Trends in the Distribution of Settlement with Respect to the Cultural Environment
Summary and Conclusions
VIII. The Chalco-Xochimilco Region in Central Mexico
Introduction
The Early Occupation of the Valley of Mexico by Sedentary Agriculturalists
The Dynamics of Population Growth and Settlement Expansion in the First Intermediate Period
The Development and Organization of Teotihuacan
The Decline of Teotihuacan and the Development of Tula and Cholula
The Decline of Tula and Population Expansion in the Valley of Mexico During the Second intermediate Phase Three
The Development and Organization of the Triple Alliance
IX. Overall Conclusions
Settlement Typology
Agricultural Systems
Settlement Dynamics
Stage One: Pioneering and Settling In, 1300-300 B.C
Stage Two: Contraction and Withdrawal, 300 B.C.-A.D. 200
Stage Three: Structured Re-settlement and Stabilization, A.D. 200-750
Stage Four: Fluctuation and Reconsolidation, A.D. 750-1350
Stage Five: Expansion in the Breadbasket of an Empire, A.D. 1350-1520
Appendices
1. Ceramic Markers used for Period Designations, by Michael E. Whalen and Jeffrey R. Parsons
2. Fragment of a Chinese Blue-and-White Porcelain Vessel, by Kamer Aga-Oglu and Nancy Liu
3. A Summary ofthe Coding and Computer Analysis of the Valley of Mexico Archaeological Survey, by Keith Kintigh
4. The Aztec Monuments of Acalpixcan, by Joyce Marcus
Bibliography
Resumen En Espanol

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