Population Change and Public Policy 3030570681, 9783030570682

This book provides a solid empirical portrait based on the complexities of demographic components of population change.

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English Pages 444 [436] Year 2020

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Population Change and Public Policy
 3030570681, 9783030570682

Table of contents :
Foreword
Reference
Contents
Part I: Reproductive Health and Fertility
Chapter 1: The Lasting Effects of Teen Pregnancy Programs: Evidence from a Regional Collaborative
Participants
Curricula
Measures
Research Design
Results
Before/After Attitudes
The Role of Curricula
Subgroups
Sustainability of Impacts
Discussion
Implications
Limitations
Appendices
Appendix 1: Coding of Indices
Appendix 2: High School & Community Survey Instrument
Appendix 3: Middle School Survey Instrument
References
Chapter 2: Trends and Determinants of Unmet Need for Contraception Among Married Women in Bangladesh: Rural Urban-Comparison
Introduction
Data and Methodology
Study Population and Sampling Procedure
Outcome Variable
Explanatory Variables
Statistical Analysis
Results
Discussion
Limitations and Strengths of the Study
Conclusions
References
Chapter 3: Changes in Ethnic Composition and Fertility of the Australian Population
Socioeconomic and Demographic Change
Data Sources and Methods
Previous Findings
Population Growth and Fertility Changes of Australia-Born and Overseas-Born Females 1981-2011
Fertility of Major Ethnic Groups
Conclusion
References
Chapter 4: Contraceptive Use Dynamics Among Urban Poor Women in India
Objectives
Hypotheses
Data and Methods
Results
Profile of Respondents
Number of Living Children at First Use of Contraception
Current Use of Contraceptive Methods
Current Use of Any Modern Method of Contraception
Contraceptive Use Status
Not Using Any Method of Contraception
Unmet Need for Family Planning
Discussion
Summary and Conclusions
References
Chapter 5: Birth Weight Outcomes for Non-Hispanic Black Women in a Home Visiting Program in Rural Mississippi: Observations fr...
Introduction
Materials and Methods
Study Population
Data and Analysis
Results
Discussion
Implications
References
Part II: Health Behaviors and Their Correlates
Chapter 6: Neighborhood Food Environment and Self-Rated Health: An Investigation with a Spatial Perspective
Introduction
Food Environment and Health
Spatial Autocorrelation of Health Outcomes
Data and Methods
Data
Measures
Statistical Methods
Results
Descriptive Statistics
Regression Results
Discussions
Conclusion
References
Chapter 7: Constructing Life Tables from the Kaiser Permanente Smoking Study and Applying the Results to the Population of the...
Introduction
Life Tables: General Comments and an Example of Research
The KP Smoking Study Data
Methods
Constructing Preliminary Life Tables from the KP Smoking Study
Constructing Revised Life Tables for the Kaiser Permanente Population
Discussion
Discussion of Revised Life Tables for Kaiser Permanente Population
Discussion of Revised KP Life Tables Applied to the US Population
Application of Results to Assess Population Health Impacts of Tobacco Products
Conclusion
References
Chapter 8: Prevalence of Tobacco Smoking and Alcohol Consumption in Australia
Introduction
Data and Methods
Findings
Group F: Ex-smokers and Non-risky Drinkers (Nagelkerke R2 = 0.137)
Group I: Non-smokers and Risky Drinkers (Nagelkerke R2 = 0.189)
Group L: Non-smokers and Non-drinkers (Nagelkerke R2 = 0.259)
Discussion
References
Chapter 9: A Cross-National Analysis of Premature Non-communicable Diseases (NCD) Mortality Differentials Among 183 Countries
Introduction
Background and Literature Review
Decomposition
Determinants
Domain A - Health Inequity
Sex
Income
Education Attainment
Domain B -Social Stratification and Intermediate Determinants
Obesity
Tobacco Use
Harmful Use of Alcohol
Physical Inactivity
Unhealthy Diet
Domain C - Structural Determinants
Data and Methods
Decomposition
Determinants
Results
Decomposition
Determinants
Domain A - Health Inequity
Sex
Income
Education
Domain B - Social Stratification and Intermediate Determinants
Obesity
Tobacco Use
Harmful Use of Alcohol
Domain C - Structural Determinants
Discussion
Appendices
Appendix A: The Full List of Non-communicable Diseases Included
Appendix B: The Full List of 183 WHO Member States, ISO Alpha-3 Country Codes, World Bank Income Groups, and World Bank Regions
Appendix C: The Age Distribution of Premature NCD Deaths
Appendix D: A Comparison of Three Premature NCD Mortality Measurements
Appendix E: The Decomposition of NCD Deaths (Age 50-69) Change by Sex (Figs. 9.18, 9.19, 9.20, 9.21 and 9.22)
References
Part III: Working Life: Issues and Patterns
Chapter 10: Expected Consumer Surplus from Medicaid in a Prototypical Working-Age Household
Introduction
Literature
RUM Framework
Empirical Analysis
Expected Consumer Surplus
Concluding Remarks
References
Chapter 11: Is the Indian Labor Market Biased Against Women? Yes!
Introduction
Review of the Indian Labor Market and Descriptive Statistics
Methodology
Results
Mincerian Earnings Equation
Blinder-Oaxaca Decomposition
Ñopo Decomposition
Concluding Remarks
References
Chapter 12: The Role of Flexibility at Work on Residential Location: From the Work-Life Balance Perspective
Introduction
Literature Review
Data and Methods
NHTS and ACS
Analytical Methods
Results
Discussion
Conclusion
References
Chapter 13: Working Through Tips: Examining Labor Dynamics in Tipped Workplaces
Introduction
Background on Tipped Employment
Inside Tipped Workplaces
Case Studies: Match, Terroir, the Neighborhood
Tips and Worker Tensions
Tips and Tenuous Alliances
Discussion and Conclusion
References
Chapter 14: Immigration Enforcement and Employment in Large Firms: Evidence from County Participation in 287(g)*
Background
Data and Methods
Results
Conclusion
References
Chapter 15: Experience of Domestic Violence by Young Women in India: Does the Nature of Occupation Play Any Role?
Introduction
The Evidence So Far
Data and Methods
Data
Outcome of Interest: Measure of Gender Based Domestic Violence
Main Independent and Control Variables
Regression Strategy
Results
Descriptive Statistics
Sample Composition by Individual, Household and Community Level Factors: All India
Sample Composition by Individual, Household and Community Level Factors: States
Experience of Domestic Violence by Individual, Household and Community Level Factors: All India
Experience of Domestic Violence by Individual, Household and Community Level Factors: States
Regression Results
Regression Results: All-India
Regression Results: States
Conclusion and Discussions
References
Part IV: Data, Methods, and Policy
Chapter 16: Ways to Evaluate Redistricting Plans
Redistricting Criteria
Compactness
Political and Geographic Boundaries
Benefits
``A Workable Standard´´ to Determine Extreme Partisan Gerrymandering
Partisan Symmetry
Efficiency Gap
Sampling with Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) Method
Conclusion
References
Chapter 17: The Number of Native Hawaiians and Part-Hawaiians in Hawaii, 1778 to 1900: Demographic Estimates by Age
Introduction
Data and Methods
The Number of Part-Hawaiians, 1780 to 1900
The Number of Native and Part-Hawaiians by Age, 1780 to 1990
Discussion
References
Chapter 18: Housing Development and Enrollment Trajectories in K-12 School Districts
Background
Shortcomings of Student Generation Rate Calculations
Student Generation Rate Case Study
Conclusion
References
Chapter 19: State Longitudinal Data Systems and Public Policy Research
Introduction
The Role of Data Governance
The Washington State Legislature Placed ERDC in a Unique Role
Data Governance Structure
Research and Reporting Coordination Committee
Data Stewards Committee
Data Custodians Committee
Centralized Data Collection
Memorandum of Understanding
Limitations of SLDS/P20W Data for Research
Data Accessibility
Incomplete or Limited Data
Data Reliability
Six Key Uses of Longitudinal Data
Progress Monitoring
Diagnosis and Prescription
Internal Benchmarking (Better Practice Within School/District)
External Benchmarking (Extend Better Practices to Outside of School/District)
Predictive Analysis
Program and Policy Evaluation
Conclusions and Future Refinements
Future Refinements
Calendar Time
References
Chapter 20: Patterns of Geographic Variation of Mortality by Causes of Death for Small Areas in Brazil, 2010
Introduction
Literature Review
Methodology and Data
Death Counts and Population Data
Mortality Estimates and Topals Relation Model
Indirect Standardization
Empirical Bayesian Models
Results
Evolution of Mortality Data Quality in Brazil
Overview of Mortality by Causes of Deaths in Brazil
Small-Areas Estimates: Empirical Bayesian Models
Small-Areas Estimates: Topals Relational Models
Discussion
References
Chapter 21: An Integrative Study Using Spatial Statistics and Racial/Ethnic Composition to Measure Racial/Ethnic Residential S...
Introduction
Methods
Study Area and Data
Spatial Statistics and Racial/Ethnic Clustering
Racial/Ethnic Composition
Combination of Racial/Ethnic Clustering and Racial/Ethnic Composition
Results
Distribution of the Four Racial/Ethnic Groups
Combination of Racial/Ethnic Clustering and Racial/Ethnic Composition
Discussion
Scale and Clustering
Comparison Between Local G* and LISA
Conclusion
References
Chapter 22: Projection of Female Urban Population in Bangladesh
Introduction
Data
Methods and Methodological Issues
Data Smoothing
Model Fitting
Model Validation Technique
F-Test
Exponential Growth Rate Method and Doubling Time of Population
Results and Discussion
Conclusions
References

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