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People and places in Colonial Venezuela
 9780253343307

Table of contents :
Frontmatter
Illustrations (page ix)
Maps (page ix)
Figures and Tables (page ix)
Preface (page xi)
PART I. THE POPULATION OF THE BISHOPRIC OF CARACAS IN THE LATE COLONIAL PERIOD
Introduction (page 1)
1. Venezuela in Time and Space (page 7)
2. Counting and Classifying (page 29)
3. Hamlets, Villages, Towns, and Cities (page 47)
4. Race, Sex, Marriage, and Children (page 67)
5. A City in the Midst of War: San Carlos de Austria (page 89)
Conclusion (page 109)
Notes (page 111)
Appendix A. Tables for Part I (page 131)
Appendix B. Parish Name Lists and Location Maps (page 141)
PART II. A WORKBOOK IN THE HISTORICAL DEMOGRAPHY OF VENEZUELA THE BISHOPRIC OF CARACAS, 1771‒1838
Introduction (page 169)
Table 1. Parish Population by Sex and Race (page 174)
Table 2. Parish Child Population by Sex and Race (page 228)
Table 3. Married Persons as a Percent of Adult Population (page 282)
Table 4. Male/Female Ratios by Race (page 336)
Table 5. Population by Race (Percent) (page 390)
Table 6. Population/Ecclesiastic (page 442)
Table 7. Census Returns by Year (page 468)
Index for Parts I and II (page 469)

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People and Places ~ in Colonial Venezuela _ a . JOHN V. LOMBARDI _ a _ Maps and Figures by Cathryn L. Lombardi a

7 a Indiana University Press |

Copyright © 1976 by Indiana University Press All rights reserved

No part of this book may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including | photocopying and recording, or by any information storage ,

this prohibition. Don Milis, Ontario | , and retrieval systea, without permission in writing from the Resolution on Persgissions constitutes the only exception to

, publisher. The Association of American University Presses! Published in Canada by Fitzhenry and Whiteside Limited,

Manufactured in the United States of America 7

Includes index. /

Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data

Lombardi, John V

People and places in colonial Venezuela. Bibliography.

1. Caracas (Archdiocese)--Population--History. I. Title. ,

HB3580.C3L65 1976 301.32'9'87 75-25433 | , ISBN 0-253-34330-5 12345 80 79 78 77 76

For John Lombardi and Janice P. Lombardi ,

BLANK PAGE

| Contents Oe , Illustrations ix. | , Oo , Figures ix a=, Prefaceand xi Tables ,|,a—

.| aMaps ix. ; . : | PART I, i - | |

|1.2.Introduction 7 , | «Venezuela in Time and Space 7 | 7 Counting and Classifying 29 : , , | | COLONIAL PERIOD a _

a THE POPULATION OF THE BISHOPRIC OF CARACAS IN THE LATE

3. &Hamlets, Villages, Towns, and Cities 47 , a , -

a Race, Sex, Marriage, and Children 67 : - ,

5. A City in the Midst of War: San Carlos de Austria a9 / a

, Conclusion 109 | ! , 7 , , Notes 111 ee ; a OO

,_

Appendix a. Tables for Part I 131 | ,

: | | | PART EI. _ |

“Appendix B. Parish Name Lists and Location Maps 141 | Oo | | A WORKBOOK IN THE HISTORICAL DEMOGRAPHY OF VENEZUELA | ,

Introduction 169 oe | fable 1. Parish Population by Sex and Race 1784 ,

| = : = | THE BISHOPRIC OF CARACAS, 1771-1838 | | | , Table 2. Parish Child Population by Sex and Race 228 , Table 3. Married Persons as a Percent of Adult Population 282

Table 4. Male/Female Ratios by Race 336 Table 5.Population/Ecclesiastic Population by Race (Percent) 390 , , , a Table 6. 442 oe Table J. Census Returns by Year 468 , |

‘Index for Parts Iand II 469 i , , , |

Oo = BLANK PAGE

La Guaira-Caracas Road 6 ILLU ST RAT I ON S Parish Church, El Tocuyo 28 : Parish Charch, Arenales 46 ,

Hacienda, Turmero 66 |488: : | 7 La Blanguera, San Carlos de Austria

1-1. Regions 1-2. Venezuela--Major The Coast--East 10 | & MAPS 1-3. The Coast--West 12 | 1-4. The Segovia Highlands 15 1-5. The Andes 16

1-6. TheThe Central Coastal Coastal Range 18 -Range 19 1-7. Eastern 1-8. The Llanos 21 ° 1-9. Venezuela--Political and Ecclesiasticat Divisions 25

| 3-1. Parishes of the Bishopric of Caracas 53 |

B-1. Parish Locations--The Coast 163 , B-2. Parish Locations--The Segovia Highlands and The Andes 164

B-3. Parish Locations--The Central Coastal Range 165 B-4. Parish Locations--The Llanos 166 1-1. Surface Area of Venezuelan Regions 9 FI G U RES AN D TAB LES 1-2. Surface Area of the Coast 14 . 1-3. Surface Area of the Segovia Highlands 14 1-4. Surface Area of the Andes 17 , 1-5. Surface Area of the Coastal Mountains 20 1-6. Surface Area of the Llanos 22 , , } 2-1. Matricula Page for San Mateo in 1786 34 2-2. Type I1I Census Format for Boconé in 1807 37 a 2-3. Type II Census Format for Boconé in 1807 38

3-1. Standard Parish 51 | 3-2. Extended Parish 51 a 3-3. Contracted 3-4. Distribution of Parishes byParish Region 54 51 |

2-4. Type I Census Format for La Victoria in 1813 38 |

3-5. Distribution of Parishes by Urban Category 55 3-6. Distribution of Parishes within Regions by Urban Category 57 3-7. Distribution of Parishes among Regions by Urban Category 58 3-8. Distribution of Population by Region 60 - : 3-9. Distribution of Population by Urban Category 61

3-10. Surface Area and Population Density 63 |

! (x) ,

4-1. Distribution of Population by Race 68 4-2. Distribution of Races within Regions 4-3. Distribution of Races within Urban Categories 71 70 ,

&-4. Distribution of Races among Regions 73 a 4-5. Distribution of Races among Urban Categories 74

4-6. Male/Female Ratios 77 7

§-7. Ratios by Race 78 and Region 8&0 , ee 4-8.Male/Fesaale MaleysFemale Ratios by Race

4-9. Male/Female Ratios by Race and Urban Category 81. :

#~10. Percent Adults Married and Child/Woman Ratios 83

%-11. Percent Women Married and Child/Woman Ratios by Region 384

| 4-12. Percent Women Married and Child/Woman Ratios by Urban Category 85

5-1. San Carlos--Total Population 92 5-2. San Carlos--Population by Race 94

5-3. San Carlos--Whites and Pardos 95 ,

, 5-4. San Carlos--Married Whites by Sex 96

5-5. San Carlos--Logs White Married Male and Female 98 © | 5-6. San Carlos--Single Whites by Sex 99 , 5-7. San Carlos--Logs White Single Male and Female 101 5-8. San Carlos--Married Pardos by Sex 102 , 5-9. San Carlios--Logs Pardo Married Male and Female 104 5-10. San Carlos--Single Pardos by Sex 105 ,

5-11. San Carlos--Logs Pardo Single Male and Female 106 , | A-1. Population by Race 132

A-2. Population by Race and Urkan Category 132 A-3. Population by Race and Region 132 A~4. Male/Female Ratios by Race 133

A-5. Male/Female Ratios by Race and Urban Category 134 |

A-6. Male/Female Ratios by hy Race and Region 134 ,, ,. A-7. Percent Married Race and Sex 135 : A-8. Percent Married by Race, Sex, and Urban Category 135 A-9. Percent Married by Race, Sex, and Region 136 A~10. Child/Woman Ratios byUrban RaceCategory 137 , 137. , A-11. Child/Woman Ratios by Race and A-12. ChildysWoman Ratios by Race and Region 138

. _ | | | PREFACE - This book marks the beginning of characteristics of the people residing in . what promises to be a long-term inquiry the area. Venezuela has a remarkable a - into the number, distribution, and collection of population data, but , characteristics of Venezuela's people practically none of it is useable as it during the century of transition, 1750- comes fron the archives. It must be a - 1850. Curing those years, Spain's out- coded, processed, identified, compared, post colcny in Tierra Firme hecame a and evaluated before it can help us_ to _ mature cclonial society, developed a write population history. By limiting _ major metropolitan city, led the South the scope of this work to the Bishopric - American independence movement, and of $$Caracas--that is the parishes ~~ created a republican government fully in- reporting to the Bishop and then tegrated into the North Atlantic cos- Archbishop of Caracas between 1771 and _ mercial systen. These activities have 1838-~it has been possible to use the . long drawn the attention of scholars with largest body of internally consistent ahistorians--Venezuelan wide range of interests, and data. The resulting profile of and foreign--have Venezuela's people can serve as a examined many aspects of these events. standard for the evaluation and analysis | , But before this work can be brought of the less consistent data available for | together into any satisfactory synthesis, earlier and later time periods. The

we must have available sole reliable remaining data, less extensive in

, estimates of Venezuela's human resources; geographic and temporal coverage, will be

we must know who lived where and when. organized, verified, and added to the How, for example, can the catastrophic population file in subsequent volumes. , impact of the Venezuelan wars for in- The hypotheses presented here can then be | dependence he evaluated without a secure reevaluated, new. estimates and correc~ knowledge of the changes they caused in tions made, and more reliable adjustments _ the region's population base? Clearly, proposed. , of . our ability to offer £reasonable | Part I of this volume contains three

hypotheses about the dynamic processes of types of analysis. The first two Yenezuela‘s past has been severely chapters seek to establish the limits of , limited by the absence of systematic the inquiry begun here. Chapter 1 out- . ,

surveys of the area's population. 7 lines the principal features of § the

This volume presents a first ap- physical landscape and sketches the geoproximation of such a survey, through a political formation of the area we call hypothetical reconstruction of Venezuela. Chapter 2 surveys the popula- . Venezuela's population landscape at a tion records available for the country in given point in time. It presents a new the period under study, evaluates their body of data on the people and places of utility and accuracy, and sets priorities

late colonial Venezuela, and begins the for their exploitation. This chapter , , task of analyzing and describing the also defines the subset of population ,

Xii PREFACE records used in this volume. location of any particular town or The next two chapters trace the concerned about the version of a town's ,

broad features of the population hame used here would consult the name landscape of the Bishopric in two lists and location maps in Appendix B. dimensions during the critical decade All place names appearing in the text and 1800-1809. First, in Chapter 3, the notes, on the maps, and in the introduc- | parishes of the Bishopric are analyzed in tions to the Appendices and to Part II, terms of structure, size, and regional are indexed. Place names appearing in distribution, which provides a starting alphabetized lists such as those in Appoint for an analysis of Venezuela's pendix B and in the Tables in Part II are urban network. Second, Chapter 4 ex- not indexed. All alphabetizing is done

plores some of the characteristics of the by the English alphabet; thus the Spanish

Bishopric's population at the close of letters 11 and rr are alphabetized as the colonial period: race, sex, marriage, separate rather than as single letters.

and children are explored in the detail The fi is treated as an n. , and specificity permitted by the data. Throughout this work, I have made Here, too, a series of preliminary every effort to avoid the technical

hypotheses emerge as starting points for scholasticism that so tempts the practifuture work. tioner of what has been called gquantitaThe final section, Chapter 5, ex- tive history. My own interest in these

amines the conseguences of the wars for numbers ccmes from a fascination with the independence on one of Venezuela's im- dynamics of Venezuelan social history and

portant cities, San Carlos de Austria. from a conviction that our analysis of Although sone questions cannot be these phenomena must begin with an andersatisfactorily answered because of standing of the basic elements of the limitations in the data, the story of a historical process: man and his material city*s response to the war suggests a world. If the work reported on here inhost of fascinating hypotheses for in- formas demographers or sociologists, I , vestigation. All of these chapters are will be delighted, though it was prepared

bles. * *of reference *, Part II consists

illustrated by series of figures-~graphs, for historians who share my interest and tables, plots--and carry in Appendix Aa enthusiase for the past. , sizeable complement of descriptive ta-

material based on the subset of data Like most large projects, this book

described in Chapter 2 as Type III format could only have been completed with the

data. The tables display the data from advice and assistance of a large number ecclesiastical censuses in a parish-by- of people and institutions. Work on the parish format, with a number of sizple data for this volume began in Caracas in combinations and calculations included to 1967, when Trent MH. Brady surveyed the increase their utility. A machine-reada- extensive collection of census records in bie version of this file will be made the Archivo Arguidiocesano, while working available at the conclusion of the on ae study of miscegenation in colonial | project, but many historians will find Venezuela. At that time, Brady and I Part II adequate for their needs, agreed to collaborate on the work of especially if access to computers and collection and analysis. I smicrofilsed computer technicians is difficult or the data collection during the spring of

inconvenient. 1967. With the financial support of the Foreign words and phrases have been Graduate School Research Committee, italicized only the first time they ap- University of Wisconsin, Brady had the

pear in the hook. All percentages microfilm run onto Xerox sheets. Then

reported have been rounded and therefore Cathryn L. Lombardi and I spent parts of

may not always add up to 100.0%. 1967-68 and 1968-69 coding and checking Because this book mentions a large the data for the first pass through the number of places, some system for finding census file. Erady prepared the basic and identifying them had to be devised. list of parishes and parish locations. That has been accomplished through Ap- With the continued support of the pendix B and the Index to Parts I and If. University of Wisconsin, Brady arranged Apendix B contains a series of lists of for the Social Systems Research Institute parish names. Readers interested in the at Madison to punch and verify the coded

| | PREFACE xiii data. Luring this first phase of the The preparation of this book was

research, we received excellent advice greatly facilitated hy the support of the , from Eduard Glasser, Assistant Director Mid-West Universities Consortium for In- | of the Social Systems Research Institute, ternational Activities (MUCIA). Under Madison, and Karl &. Tauber of the the joint direction of Professor Gers4n University of Wisconsin. Due to the Carrera Damas (CENDES~-Universidad press of other commitments, Trent Brady Central de Venezuela) and myself, . the effectively withdrew from active project "Formation, Structure, and participation in the project. However, Dynamics of a Primate City: A Case Study , _ without Brady's energetic and resourceful of Caracas (1560-1960) ", involving promotion of this enterprise in its early participants from Venezuela and the MUCIA Stages, this volusze would never have heen universities, has heen working on a

possible. variety of topics related to the history During this first stage of the of Caracas as a central city. Because

project, Erady received substantial sup- the notion of a central, primate, city port from the University of Wisconsin and requires a context and a scale of from the - Canada Council, while I comparison to give it meaning, this book benefited fron the aid of Indiana is designed to provide the setting within University's office of Research and which the primacy of Caracas can be Advanced Studies and Latin American evaluated. The project, funded for the Studies Program. In Caracas, the support period 1974-1976, will produce a series of the Fundaci6n John Bonlton and the of monographs on the city of Caracas. Fundacién Creole amade the microfilm This is the first contribution to that At the Fourth Congress of the Inter- Throughout this project, I have been national Economic History Association the grateful recipient of excellent

operation possible. series.

(Blcomington, Indiana, 1968), we received advice from a variety of colleagues here

especially valuable comments and sugges- and in Venezuela. ! tions on a preliminary description of the At every stage in this work Pedro project. I especially want to thank Grases (Sociedad Bolivariana de

Woodrow WW. Borah and Sherburne F. Cook Venezuela) and Manuel Pérez Vila , for their advice and encouragerent at (Fundacién John Boulton) offered me their

. thatDavid time. full support, their excellent advice, and WW. Davies (Claremont, their generous hospitality. In similar California) initiated ne into the fashion the custodians of a variety of mysteries of computer progragsming and archives and institutions in Caracas made showed me that no historian need feel in- every effort to facilitate my work: Fray

adequate when confronted with the Cesareo de Armellada at the Archivo Simpleminded complexity of the computer. Arguidiocesano de Caracas, Maric Bricefio .

While the present volume builds on Perozo at the Archivo General de la the work mentioned above and could never Naciédn, Carlos Felice Cardot at the : have been corpleted without that Acadesaia Nacional de la Historia, Cosne - preliminary effort, the data and analysis Romero at the Direccién de Cartografia , included here have been reworked from the Nacional (Ministerio de Obras Piblicas), original data file. Cathryn Lombardi and and George Hall at the Fundacién Creole.

I recoded the entire data file from the From the beginning of this project I microfilm and Xerox, in order to correct have counted on the expert counsel,

errors and rmisinterpretations made during enthusiastic encouragement, and firs the first pass throagh the file. I friendship of German Carrera Damas prepared the text in Part I, along with (Universidad Central de Venezuela). I

its supporting material in the Ap- have also received valuable advice from

pendices, during the academic year 1974- José Antonio De Armas Chitty (Universidad 75, thanks in part to a sabbatical leave Central de Venezuela). \ from Indiana University. The material in A nurgsber of colleagues at Indiana

Part II was worked up from the recoded University read this book in manuscript, data file during 1974-75, and processed made valuable suggestions for imsproveat the Indiana University Marshal H. ment, or helped in other ways. My thanks

Wrubel Computing Center. I am greatly go to James R. Scobie, George I. | indebted to the staff of the wcc for Stolnitz, Paul R. Lucas, Edwin R. Coover, their patience and technical assistance. George M. Wilson, Robert E. Quirk, and

Xiv PREFACE , the parish name file. I would like to Oo Martin Ridge. Kathy Waldron helped with |

thank for the their staff excellent of the Indiana University ! oe Press advice and asoo | Sistance, and the staff of the Marshall H. Wrubel Compating Center, of whom Jean , a Nakhnikian and John Gerth were especially helpful. Roberta £. Adams prepared the text for processing, checked the notes,

and general made the ,production of : thisinbeck possibile.

I am also most grateful for the cosz- | instituticns: John L. Phelan and Peter H., , Smith at the University of Wisconsin, ,,Dauril Alden at Woodrow the University | Washington, W.ofBorah at the | ments I received from colleagues at other

| University of California, David W. Davies

in Claresont, California, Stanley J. Stein at Princeton University, Mary || Lombardi in Davis, California, and James A. Hanson at Brown | illustrations are byUniversity. Elisabeth The S. Moe, to ,

whom I am most grateful for the excellent :

renderings of some characteristic

All of the maps, bar graphs, figures are the work of Cathryn L. , Lombardi. She is also responsible for eighteenth-century scenes.

and |

the population file. Without her sup- , | port, encouragement, and understanding, the bock would never have been completed. much of the coding and verification of

To all of these individuals and institutions, and to countless others not

specifically mentioned here whose con_portant, tributions have been anevertheless I acknowledge sizeable debtin) ,|

for making the this beck and for proving finalpossible version. | , ia- , ,

October 1975 . | Bloomington, Indiana

7 a : — Part I oe The Population of the a

, Bishopric of Caracas ; Late Colonial Period | Oo

BLANK PAGE |

: ss Lntroduction One of the remarkable achievements frustration in attempting to analyze and of Spain's colonial administrators in the interpret the development, organization, | New World was the information system they and operation of this empire comes fron designed, modified, and manipulated trying to deal with the immense volume of throughout the centuries of Spanish information available on any subject he America's colonial period. Starting with might choose. After many generations of the first reports from Columbus on the scholarship in the Americas and discovery of the New World and continuing elsewhere, we are only beginning to through the decline and collapse of the achieve satisfying explanations of what

imperial system some three hundred years the Spanish accomplished in the § New later, Spanish administrators at all World. Thanks to the efforts of countlevels of the bureaucracy collected, less scholars, we have come to understand organized, summarized, transmitted, and the formal structure of the imperial stored information on every possible system as reflected in the laws and in aspect of life in the Spanish domain. the institutions for political, religious |

From the birth of the poorest slave child and econopric control. These advances in to the installation of viceroys, from the scholarship have given the Spanish ia-

folklore of obscure and isolated native perial structure a surface and a context. , tribes to the rules of precedence in high Nevertheless, a complete understanding of | colonial courts, and from the price of many of the functions, mechanisas, and | coffee beans in forgotten coastal towns activities--in a word, the life--that exto the movement of treasure fleets: isted beneath that surface, within that

everything interested. the Crown's structure, still escapes us.

ministers and everything had to be Once the surface features of this | recorded. No other European monarch structure were known well enough and the seened to comprehend so clearly the form relatively well established, principle of all complex organizations scholars began to narrow the focus of and large-scale enterprises that their research in an effort to discover

knowledge is power. That commitment to what lay heneath. But because of the and comprehensive information is one of files of information on every conceivable the few totally consistent and topic, and the inconsistent and universally pursued objectives of Spain's idiosyncratic characteristics of many of three-century rule in America. Thanks to those materials, scholars alsost that compulsion to know everything, despaired of bringing enough order to the Spain's iuperial sission must rank as the information for successful synthesis. © best-documented achievement of its kind Portunately, historians have an amazing

the acquisition of reliable, complete, incredibly rich archives, the massive

before the advent of computerized in- capacity to attempt the impossible. In formation systems. Spite of their well known disdain for Ironically, much of the historian's cooperative, large-scale projects, and

.

2. INTRODUCTION

their penchant for investigating only manipulate and control their environment. those topics and subjects that amuse or Along with the study of the numbers and

} interest, a long series of careful, distribution of people, we must also

patient, and imaginative historians have catalog and analyze the things that | , produced monographs that demonstrate in surround their lives. For the historian, | many cases what life in the Spanish the purpose of counting, classifying, American empire must have been like. measuring, and evaluating material and In this continual campaign to ex- human resources is not simply to know the

plain and analyze colonial Spanish quantities and magnitudes involved, American life, we have gradually come to although that is important, but to understand and to some degree control the establish the sizes, shapes, and nambers legacy of Spain's information system. The of people and things in order to bring

,

Success in this enterprise follows a under systematic control the physical clear progression in the use of the docu- dimensions of the universe being ments. The trend in historical analyzed. scholarship has been from the study of In the case of the Spanish colonial the most generalized documents towards empire, such a study will permit us to. the most specialized. We have moved, for establish the scale or the orders of

example, from the rules governing empires magnitude of the enterprise. To take an to the rules governing the family and obvious example, when we speak of inmfrom the organization of imperial conm- perial or metropolitan capitals, we must — merce to the study of local economies. be sure that we know whether we speak of Detailed | microstudies--those sharply towns on the order of 50,000 inhabitants

focused investigations that attempt to or cities of 500,000 and be prepared to validate or replace our intuitive notions analyze the consequences of the difabout the quality and content of Spanish ference in scale implied ty those colonial life--have allowed us to con- numbers. When we discuss the pursuit of | struct even better representations of wealth, we need to know on what scale the Spaints empire in America.? wealth is measured. For example, was the It is from within this context that Mexican colonial worth 10,000 pesos :

, People and Places in Colonial Venezuela wealthier, in relative terms, than the dtaws its inspiration, This book starts Venezuelan worth 5,000? What could he

from the assumption that the better ve buy with that amount of wealth, and understand the physical, material, and where, within the context of his measurable aspects of a historical universe, would that income have placed process, the better prepared we will he hin? These matters of scale are not eas- | to evaluate and analyze what is neither ily resolved and the research effort material nor measurable. Although the required to produce good scales over any precise definition of the measurable, appreciable geographic or temporal span material, world is difficult to is substantial. However, with the aid of establish, some fundamental relationships a variety of technological devices, the

| are obviously included. Because history project has become increasingly more , concerns the interaction of man and his manageable. We can hope that in a creations within a matrix of time and scholarly lifetine, individuals or _ Space, a reliable understanding of the research teams can make progress on the characteristics and dimensions of that task of defining the limits, the orders Space would almzost seem required. of magnitude, of the measurable aspects Similarly, a firm knowledge of where and of Spain*s American empire. | in what number individuals have or have Within this strategy of bringing the : not been located within the space would measurable characteristics of colonial — also appear necessary. Because history Spanish America under systematic control, |. demands an accounting of change over some tactical research decisions have to

time, the student of material, measura- be made. The most rational and

: ble, things must show how the rela- systematic tactic is to divide the tionships of these people to their places materials and topics into semiautononous. have varied. , | blocks, units of study large enough to be People do not, of course, inhabit helpful and interesting, but small enough

places in the abstract. They live in to be studied in a reasonable amount of

structures, wear apparel, acquire posses- time, In this book that tactic has led sions, build monuments, and in general to the selection of Venezuela, or sore

| | | - | : oO INTRODUCTION 3 properly the Captaincy-General. of context may be expected to aid in the un- ,

| Venezuela, as the geographical dimension, derstanding of the social order in other

, and the period 1750 to 1850 as_ the Spanish American jurisdictions. a

temporal dimension. Within that two- The time frame for the inquiry of dimensional matrix, this book begins an which this study forms a part encloses , attempt to determine the limits of what can be called the century of transi- , Venezuela's population and to prepare for tion, 1750-1850. During those hundred | 7

a continuing inguiry into the other years, Venezuela became a mature colony, oo measurable aspects of Venezuela's consolidated power and authority in the | , , material world. | Oo central city of Caracas, waged a long , The choice of this place and time disruptive war for independence, and by | responds to a set of characteristics that 1850 had established the major patterns make Venezuela an attractive focus. The of republican organization. From an , - core area of this colonial jurisdiction, economic, social, and political appendage , the Bishopric of Caracas, produced a of Spain, Venezuela became a peripheral remarkable collection of population dependent of the rapidly industrializing records fer the last decades of Spanish North Atlantic community. Because of its — rule. These documents are so rich and so location and history, Venezuela provides

extensive that, in theory, it should be an unusually promising place to test oe possible to reconstruct the life hypotheses about the structure and , , histories of all the parishes in the dynamic relationships of the North Bishopric, at least in terms of birth, Atlantic hegemony. But before these | death, marriage, family, and residence relationships can be fully cataloged and patterns. In addition, Venezuela at- explained, we must have a firm under- | tracts the scholar because of its special standing of the material base of places position within the Spanish imperial like Venezuela that formed such an in-

gtructure. It was what we could call a portant part of that North Atlantic , late-bloosing colony. Until the middle economic empire.3 oo Oo , of the eighteenth century, Venezuela ex- | Within this rather ambitioas.

- perienced. rsodest economic growth and framework, the goals of the study begun

- warranted a marginal place in the in- in this volume are modest. While perial organization. During the second Venezuela's historical and geographical | , half of the eighteenth century, however, literature contains numerous contribathe region matured and prospered. Its tions of very high quality, many works economic base in cacao and cattle ex- that might help provide ae general , panded, its population grew rapidly, and background for this book are missing, exits political institutions matured and cessively detailed, or too general. , consolidated. By 1777 the disparate Before talking about Venezuela's populaprovinces in the area of present-day tion, for example, we need a short | Venezuela were joined under the jurisdic- synthesis of Venezuelan geography that — tion of a captain general located in what can provide a standardized geographical , had become a minor metropolitan center, and regional nomenclature. Although Caracas. Because Venezuela matured late Venezuela's geographical literature is | and because the scale of life--that is remarkably well-developed, no single work - - government, society, economics, and brings together the information in a fore calture--remained relatively simple when wost useful for this analysis. Asa 7 - compared to the major metropolitan result, since an agreement on physical. - eenters of Mexico or Lima, its complexity conditions and geographical nomenclature , is much more manageable. We can expect, is required for subseguent discussion, | for example, to disentangle the web of the first chapter in the present volume interrelationships that made §$up sets out the sajor regions and subregions Venezuelan society through the use of a of Venezuela with an indication of their

finite guantity of scholarly resources. distinguishing characteristics. This |

And. although the scale of Venezuelan chapter also indicates the major activities is neither as large nor as political subdivisions of the region : complex as that found in Mexico or Peru, during the last decades of colonial rule. | , almost all the important elements of the Because this geographical survey sust _ |

Spanish colonial system appear. Thus serve not only as a reference for this | conclusions, hypotheses, and rela- volume but also for the analysis in subtionships identified in the Venezuelan sequent volumes, it is developed in

GQ INTRCLUCTION | somewhat greater detail and scope than population aggregated by race, class, would be reguired for this work alone. sex, civil category, and age, should be Two major subdivisions can be collected, organized, and analyzed before identified within the organization of the the parish level data that show lists of

broader inguniry of which this book forms individuals by name, with indications of

a part. The first consists of the age, sex, occupation, race, and civil

analysis of population characteristics; category. This hierarchy of docusent use the second involves the analysis of presupposes a research methodology that material culture. Within the first sub- will maxigzize the amount of useable indivision, the range of concerns can be formation that can be extracted from the. further divided into what I call the base materials, with the minimum investment of

line characteristics and the dynamic scholarly resources.

processes. Base line characteristics In exploiting aggregatedcan data, refer to a series of measures of all, the availablethe information he

Venezuela's population that give the processed and analyzed, at least for the scale and principal features of the Bishopric of Caracas, because the volume regions' population landscape. They of material does not exceed what can be include such basic notions as the done with the resources available. The | distribution of people, child/woman nominal level data, such as the household ratios, percentages of adults married, lists, municipal censuses, parish racial distribution, and the structure of registers, and the like, pose a different the urban network. The dynamic processes problem and require a slightly different

include the traditional demographic methodology. These tffaterials, ex-

concerns of mortality, fertility, migra- traordinarily rich in detail, represent tions, and their effect upon age an enormous guantity of information that structure. By extension, the analysis of must be coded, organized, and processed

growth and the evaluation of the to be useable for analysis. Because of

demographic conseguences of historical or the volume of information involved, a natural events are also included here. research strategy utilizing careful For practical reasons, it is ispossible sampling techniques would appear to be

to deal with all these concerns at once, the most efficient. But the design of , and as a result, a series of tactical these sasgpling techniques and the interdecisions had to be made about how to pretation of the resulting data could

proceed. These decisions, of course, prove difficult without a secure

depended to a great extent on an assess- knowledge of the general population ment of the scope, quality, and quantity characteristics of Venezuela. Therefore, of demographic material available for this volume focuses on the aggregated Venezuela's colonial period. The present data, and especially on that subset of volune contains that assessment of the data representing the largest group demographic resources which, like the of internally consistent records for the geographic discussion, is also designed Bishopric of Caracas. It is thus possito serve the interests of subsequent ble to establish a reasonably secure hbase

volumes. line of population characteristics that With an understanding of the can serve as a reference for pore

materials available, the selection of detailed examinations based on less sion here responded to the following ra- Among the difficulties associated

topics and the limitations on the discus- complete or less tractable information.

tionale. Because it is usually difficult with this approach is the temptation to

to interpret micro-level studies without view the population profile prepared for a reasonably complete understanding of the Bishopric of Caracas and the the macro-level context, I have given structure of urban centers described here first priority to the establishment of a as representing static and relatively unpopulation profile for Venezuela at the changing arrangements. While the inend of the colonial period. Further, formaticn provides a close approximation , because of the way the data were prepared of the conditions characteristic of the and stored, I have given first priority decade 1800-1809, those conditions were to the study of the largest bedy of in- apparently subject to considerable change

ternally consistent population records both before and after the base line

above the nominal level. Thus those period. Although in its present stage of documents from the parish level that show development the population file on

INTRODUCTION 5

Venezuela does not permit an unagbiguous ject to the limitations discussed above,

analysis cf the striking fluctuations in that this volume has heen written. Its population typical of the Bishopric's purpose is to initiate a long term study

parishes, the file is good enough for a of Venezuela's population and its goal is case study of the kind of population ef- to aid the research of the many scholars fects brought about during the decades of working on that wide range of topics

the independence wars, 1810-1823. To requiring a sound knowledge of remind us of the rapidly changing popula- Venezuela's population during the century tion totals of Venezuela's parishes, I of transition.

have included in this first volume , study of the impact of wara case on one

of,, , , , , Venezuela's cities. | , effort,ofthen, provies aSehbase a , - an lineThis description the Bishopric's ,

population in the decade 1800-1809. It, || |: ,7| focuses on those characteristics for | which the data is reliable and still for which | ,7a ,, i | the additional information being processed promises little new insight. oe , , For example, the network of parishes Classified into hamlets, villages, towns, , and cities, may be marginally improved when the population file is complete, buat , | it is unlikely that the analysis , presented here will require major ,

a,.,

modification because ofbeen newmade data.toIn, ,, | contrast, no effort has yet fill the gaps in the population series , , for individual parishes, because the

complete file, when finished, may make

much of the estimation unnecessary. ,

An integral part of the is philosophy | that guiding this project the notion any data gathered and processed through , theopen assistance of public agencies should , be and available to all. None of | , the work begun here would have been posSible without the cooperation and support of countless individuals ,! in the United States and andinstitutions Venezuela.

To | | , , repay this debt, the data and results must be made accessible as soon aS possi~ _ , , ble. In this project that imperative has . oe . been met in two ways. First, the basic file on which this volume is based is published with the text in tables , , designed to he as helpful as possible , , , without exceeding a manageable size. This procedure insures that anyone here, in Venezuela, or elsewhere, can use_ the ,

population file prepared with the support. of Venezuelan and United States entities, oe

and guarantees that scholars unfamiliar , with computer techniques can use the data easily. Second, when the Venezuelan population file is complete, the machine

readable version of that file will be made available.

It is within the context of the research design described here, and sub- |

INTRODUCTION | q Oe | Nea A | \ , Se 4 NF LY MZ. | Pe ae a a 104

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ete allie Day o . wa , = iee 5Y S A] ¢é¢r 5fi a Ss gD = = 6 a ra } = Meta Rive rere oi a| Lay, , ye i ; : IN} i Venezuela — Major Regions ~

. Oe p:Aat e "j ‘gs x

. =! ‘yy ~ : 0) 60 100Mi. Km. é ‘ y aa—

3. Andes . oo , 4. Coastal Range R € , 5. Llanos Co / .

1. Coast - A ~~ 2. Segovia Highlands / C \

6. Guayana *

0

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Map i-1 |

VENEZUELA IN TIME AND SPACE 9

trunk of that mountain chain in Colombia the limits of this study. Due to the and is formed of spectacular peaks and vagaries of ecclesiastical management, green valleys. As a highway between the the information for this study is Caribbean and the prosperous areas of concentrated on the central and western Colombia, the Andes served as a difficult area of Venezuela, from the Unare Basin but frequently used communications route, on the east to the Apure River on the and in the early years as a possible path south. In the following discussion, _ to the mythical El Dorado. The fifth then, the central and western coast will region, the vast plains or Llanos, formas receive more attention than the east, and the interior heartland of Venezuela and the analysis of the Coastal Range wiil is made up of rolling land covered with necessarily be focused on that portion of grass, clumps of trees, .and occasional the mountains west of Unare. Similarly,

palm forests. The area is dominated by the Llanos north of Apure and west of ,

its rivers and streams, and the in- Unare are our primary interest. habitants, who have lived off cattle and Nevertheless, a general overview of the horses since the beginning of European regions may be useful.

settlement, always regulated lives by thehave rains that swell the their rivers,

and flood parts of the plains. Beyond The Coast the Orinoco lies Guayana, an area that Should an adventurous traveler care has received effective settlement only in to sail aleng the entire coastline of , recent decades. Today, as in colonial Venezuela from east to west, his first

times, settlement hugs the edges of contact with the country would be the Guayana, and notions of the region's Orinoco Delta. Spanning over 400

fabulous riches remain for the most part kilometers on the ocean side, it tapers

untested.2 back into the Orinoco River channel some — 200 kilorseters inland. The Delta, made

, , | | up of low plains and swamp. crisscrossed

Table 1-1. Surface Area of Venezuelan by streass and rivers, covers just under

Regions 60,000 squareof kilometers. Fron the Se : earliest moments Spanish interest in & of . Venezuela, the Delta has served as one of Region Area {Km2) Total Area five natural. entries into the interior. , , Countless missionaries and explorers pasCoast 152,680 16.6 sed through the Delta and then along the Segovia Highlands 24,200 2.6 Orinoco te the Apure, or farther still to Andes Range , 33,880 5293.2 theVenezuelan Meta, andLlanos fromOrthere intointo the , Coastal 29,440 perhaps Llanos 237,280 25.8 Colombia, the Andes, and Bogota. Because Guayana 423,000 46.9 of the -low-lying land and the humid, rainy climate, and because there were few Total 920, 480Km2 100.0% exploitable resources in this region, settlements were mostly temporary and

Source: Atlas de Venezuela (Caracas, sparse. Where they did exist, along the ,

1971), ppe 123-124. major entry points into the Orinoco, as

Note: Coast does not include Continental Tucupita and Barrancas or Curiapo and

Platform or take Maracaibo but does Santa Catalina, they survived mostly on | include the islands and the Orinoco the traffic carried in and out of the inDelta. Percentages may not total 100.0% terior on the Orinoco. But this swampy,

because of rounding. , | cainy, hot subregion primarily , , to announce theand Crinoco, andserved to lure the

, unwary into heroic efforts to open all of : book: the Coast, the Range, theFollowing (Map 1-2). | the coast, it | Segovia Highlands, the Coastal Andes, the Llanos, along These, then, are the regions that South America to direct trade with Europe will serve as the framework for this via this great river and her tributaries?

and Guayana; six regions, of which we becomes necessary to cut across the Gulf will treat five. Guayana, for all of its of Paria, swing around the tip of the fascination and mystery, has given us few Paria peninsula, and sail due west to the Statistics on population and none within tip of Point Araya. This double-ended

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Map 1-3

| . VENEZUELA IN TIME AND SPACE 13 f£ermation along the rivers flowing out of Coastal Plain and Paraguana Peninsula the Segovia Highlands. The first of these cover an east-west distance of about 250 is the Yaracuy River, which separates the kilometers and a surface area of just un-

Coastal Range on the east from the der 11,500 square kilometers.6® | Segovia Highlands on the west. This AS our traveler crosses the sandbar river provides another of the entryways blocking entry into Lake Maracaibo and into the interior plains, and because of sails into the great lake itself, he will. - its location and accessibility, served as begin to appreciate the dreas of those an excellent highway for the smugglers of Spanish colonists who envisioned the lake the eighteenth century to transport as a mighty passage into the heart of the illicit goods and products. Passing the Andes. The existence of several navigaYaracuy, our traveler will see Tucacas, ble rivers around the lake, such as the an excellent port with no important Catatumbo and the Chama, encouraged these hinterland. Sailing north and east from dreams. Unfortunately, pirates, the iaTucacas, he will come to the Tocuyo passibility of the Maracaibo Bar, the River, which leads back inland some 140 hot, humid climate, and the indifference

kilometers to a hot dry plain that at~ of colonial officials prevented the

tracted few settlers. The last river realization of this vision. Sailing

plain of this subregion surrounds the around the lake on the eastern shore, oar course of the Hueque River, an equally traveler will find a band of low land,

dry and unattractive area. In all, the bordered on the east and south by the >

Chichiriviche Coastal Plain extends some Segovia Highlands and the eastern spur of 150 kilometers along the coast and covers the Andes, and on the west by Colombia

about 16,000 sguare kilometers. and the western spur of the Andes. The With the prevailing wind from the lake is sone 200 kilometers from east, our traveler can push westward Maracaibo to the southern end and about along the coast and enter the Coro 100 kilometers at the widest point. The Coastal Plain, a band of sand and low Maracaibo Basin covers about 33,000 hills, interrupted by the Paraguana square kilometers, excluding the lake Peninsula, reaching almost to the mouth itself, which is about 13,000 square of Lake Maracaibo. Although this desert kilometers in area.? , , , and scrub brush terrain presents no During this long trip, our traveler obvious attractions, the area just east has seen all of the coastal subregion exand directly south of the Paraguana cept the islands. Excluding Trinidad, Peninsula became the site of one of once part of the Spanish empire, these Venezuela's earliest settlements. Venezuelan islands add up to 1800 square Through the port of La Vela and its town kilometers. For the purposes of our |

of Core some kilometers inland, European study, the only islands of significance adventurers entered the country to follow lie off the eastern coast, just north of the southward-rising mountains in search the Peninsula of Araya. Margarita is the

of El Dorado, or to roam the Segovia largest, with a surface area of 1,280 Highlands, founding towns and Square kilometers, followed by Coche and establishing outposts that would serve as Cubagua. Vitally important during the bases for the exploration and settlerent early years of settlement because of the ,

of the rich valleys of the Central pearl trade, these islands rapidly

Coastal Range and the prairies of the declined in importance with the exhausLlanos. Although Coro survived as a tion of the pearl fisheries and _ the major colonial center, serving as a growth of mainland settlements. gateway into the scuntains and highlands This, then, is the nature of the and as an early colonial administrative Coast, an area stretching the width of _ , center, the coastal plain of Coro has Venezuela, some 1500 kilometers east and never been able to support in addition west, and covering some 153,000 square more than the port of La Vela and a minor kilometers of surface. This is the subfishing center at Puerto Cumarebo. West region Europeans first encountered, and of the Paraguana Peninsula, the coast here they established their first settle- | becomes hotter and. dryer, although the ments. From hamlets and villages on the coastal plain widens out as it approaches coastal plain came the expeditions that , the opening of the Maracaibo Basin. It opened up Venezuela to European is an inhospitable coast that urges the discovery, settlement, and exploitation.

traveler on toward Maracaibo. The Coro 8 SF

| 14 VENEZUELA IN TIME AND SPACE , : | Table 1-2. Surface Area of Coast around Barquisimeto from the Urama and

Tocuyo river valleys (Map 1-4). % of Although cooler than the lower Subregion Area (Km?) Region elevations of the coast, most of the Grinoco Delta 59,500 39.0 The haalets, villages, and towns Cariaco~-Araya-Paria 4,280 2.8 established here can be found scattered Unare Basin. 25,5000.8 16.7 along transportation routes, as as is Central Ccast 1,240 Pedregal; nestled against the hills, Chichiriviche Coastal is San Luis; located onorimportant rivers Plain 15,840 10.4 or streams, as is Carora; dominating Coro Coastal Plain 11,420 7.5 grassland, as does El Tocuyoaor Maracaibo Basin122 33,100 Barguisimeto,. : by Islands _ | _1,809 These«21.7 Segovia Highlands, formed the Andes as they decline and spread

! Segovia Highlands region is hot and dry.

Total 152,680Ka2 100.0% before plunging into the sea, provided

the locale for the second stage of —

Source: Atlas de Venezuela (Caracas, Spain's expansion into western Venezuela. 1971), pp. 123-124. From Coro, the point of the first stage, Note: Excludes Lake Maracaibo and Con- Spanish captains proved to £1 Tocuyo and tinental Platforms but includes islands. Barguisimeto, there to lay the base for , Percentages may not total 100.0% because the subsequent push into the Central

of As a region with accessto — torounding. Indian, Coastal labor Range. and with the terrain raise cattle and some food crops, the

The Segovia Highlands Segovia Highlands, and especially £1 , Should our traveler care to continue Tocuyo, had the resources to support an

trip should take him through the Highlands. This region of high plains , and low broken hills lies mostly between his journey through Venezuela, his next exploration base.&

Segovia |

500 and 800 meters altitude. In all, the Table 1-3. Surface Area _ of the Segovia Segovia Highlands cover sone 24,000 | Highlands square kilometers. The traveler leaving

Coro for the south will encounter hot, ,

| dry, scrub brush countryside. By working Subregion Area_{(Ka?2) % of Region his way through the hills and by staying on the plains, he can find the numerous Northern Mountains 2,129 71.2

small settlements scattered throughout Plains of Falcén | 4,000 16.5

| the region. This Segovia Highland is Barbacoas Mountains 5,200 21.5 | made up of four mountainous formations Baragua Mountains ~§&,720 19.5 which leosely surround two principal Lara Depression 4,000 16.5 Savannas or plains. Along the northern Lara Mountains __ 32289 14.7 edge of the Highlands rise the low

Northern Mountains, broken almost in the middle access to theTo interior 24, 200Ka2 100.0% Plainsto give of Falcén. theTotal west, defining ,

the border of the Segovia Highlands with ,

the Maracaibo Basin, lies another Source: Atlas. de Venezuela (Caracas, mountain formation, the Barbacoas 1971), pp. 123-3424. Mountains. Extending east fron the Note: Percentages may not total 100.0% northern end of the Barbacoas Mountains because of rounding. are the Baragua Mountains, a series of , hills and mountains broken by valleys and

small plains, which separate the northern

Plains of Falc6n from the southern Lara The Andes , oe Depression. A fourth mountainous forma- From El Tocuyo in the Segovia

tion just south of the Baraguas and Highlands, our traveler could proceed , almost parallel to the Barbacoas directly into the main btranch of the Mountains separates the Lara Plains Venezuelan Andes. Moving north and east, |

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22 VENEZUELA IN TIME AND SPACE

the tewns of San Juan de los SMorros) and towns such as Lezama, Ortiz, El Pao, and Altos of Platillén, and the town of south the population becomes’ sparser, San Sebastian in the interior valley of with isolated centers such as Calabozo. the same name which lies just north of Other than the major rivers, the Gudarico, To the east of the Fila Maestra the notable geographic feature to break the Central Coastal Range gives way to the monotony of these rolling plains with Unare Depression, but rises again east of their grass and scrub brush, clumps of |

, Villa de Cura in the eastern foothills Tinaco, and San Carlos, while to the

| the corridor. the Tiznados, and the Orituco, the only

Barcelona. This segment has an interior trees, and palm forests, are the hills range, the Eastern Interior Mountains, and mesas just east of El Badal on the separating the coast of Cumana from the Bail Massif. Eastern Llanos, and a coastal range, the As cur traveler crosses the Cojedes Eastern Littoral Mountains, running along River at El Baal, he enters the Llanos of | the interior of the Araya and Paria Barinas~Portuguesa. This triangular subPeninsulas. Of these two formations, region has its base along the Andean only the interior mountains attracted foothills, its southern side following population, to such places as Caripe and the Apure, and its northern side along San Antonio. In all, these two mountain the Cojedes-Portuguesa Rivers. In the groups account for 7,700 square upper Llanos along the Andean foothills

7 kilometers!° (Map 1-7). lie most ofGuanare, its towns, such as Barinas, and Acarigua-Araure. |

, | South thetheApure The Llanosof enters Llanos of our Apure,traveler a subregion If our traveler moves southward from of flat grassland, subject to frequent the Eastern Interior Mountains of the flooding ky the overflow from the complex Coastal Range, dropping down to Aragua de system of rivers running east into the

Maturin or Caicara, he will find himself Orinoco. The few towns in this subentering the Llanos of Maturin. Bordered region, for example Guasdualito, on the east by the Orinoco Delta, on the Achaguas, and San Fernando de Apure, are

south by the Orinoco River, and on the located mostly in a narrow band above the west by the Unare Basin, this subregion Arauca River. This area, like the rest

has an eastern half of relatively flat of the Llanos, is supported principally grasslands, populated nostly in its by stock raising.!!

northern portion byand such de Maturin, Maturin, Caicara, ~~

towns as Aragua | ,

Aguasay. Most of the western half of the Table _1-6.__Surface Area of the Lilangs

subregion is dominated by a series of ex- , tensive mesas, which break the horizon | | around such towns as El Tigre and El Pao Subregion — Area (Km?) % of Region © de Barcelona. From the early years of settlement through to the republican Lianos of Barinas-

period, thiscattle-raising subregion served as one of Portuguesa 51,20031.4 21.6 the wajcr areas of Llanos cf Apure 74,500 Venezuela (Map 1-8). Bail Massif 680 0.3 As the traveler rides south from £1 Llanos of Calabozo 71,400 30.1 Tigre and swings west around the Unare Llanos of Maturin 39,500 16.6

Basin, he will enter the Lianos of !reaching a , , Calabozo a few kilometers before the town of Zuata. This subregion is Total : 237, 280Km2 100.0%.

definedApure, on the south and west by theCojedes , , Orinoco, Portuguesa, and , Rivers, and on the north by the Central Source: Atlas de Venezuela (Caracas, Coastal Range.meandering A large plain with 1971), pp. 123-124. | , , rolling cceuntryside, streams, and flooded lowlands to the south, the

, region supported a scattering of towns Guayana based on large cattle-raising Having cogppleted his trip through enterprises. More closely spaced near the Llanos, our traveler has only one the foothills of the Coastal Range are major region left, Guayana. This largest

7 | 7 VENEZUELA IN TIME AND SPACE 23 | Venezuelan region, lying east and south of the five major routes into the inte- | of the Crinoco and perhaps loaded with rior and passed through all the major. , incalcuable riches, played a very small regions of the country. In the 1530s the © part in Venezuelan affairs before the Orinoco was charted, and expeditions _ nineteenth century. Practically all the entered the Llanos through the Unare _ - principal hamlets and villages of this Basin, Striking out overland to the. , region, San Félix, Angostura, and Caicara Lianos of Calabozo, or across the Llanos de Orinoco, lie along the rivers of to the foothills of the Andes. From New Guayana’ts western border and exist to Granada cr Colombia, adventurers came serve the Llanos rather than the Guayanés down from the Andes, crossed the hinterland. For the purposes of this Colombian Llanos, and followed the , study, Guayana serves only as a kackdrop, Orinoco to the sea. From a base in the a potential area of expansion effectively Welser concession in Coro, parties of outside the active, Europeanized part of Europeans traveled through the Segovia

Wenezuela. Therefore, we will not ask Highlands and then entered the Andes. our traveler to explore the plains, Some reached Colombia, others followed , -mesas, and mountains which make up the the Andean streams east to the Barinas-

- subregions of this area.!2 , Portuguesa Llanos, and still others _ OB , turned west towards the southern end of, oO ee | OT a , , the Maracaibo Basin to explore the great Settlement Patterns ae a lake’s shoreline. From Coro, tco, came. During the two and a half centuries sorties that ranged along the coast © ,

following the discovery of the Venezuelan eastward to the Yaracuy and then coast by representatives of an expansive southward into the Llanos, while others. a and recently consolidated Spain, surveyed the coast around Maracaibo and adventurers, settlers, misSionaries, and braved the hostile Indians and forbidding 7 Slaves gradually took possession of these territory of the Goagira Peninsula, the | regions we now call Venezuela. That the northernmost part of present-day

process took a long time is testimony to Colombia. '* oe , - - |

the absence of large readily-exploitable This generation of explorers in © Mineral deposits within the area and to search of gold and Indians left the - | . the resistance of Indian groups unwilling European survivors of the mid-sixteenth , to work for the newcomers and equally century with a reasonably coherent notion unable te resist them. From the of Venezuelan geography and the realiza- | | sixteenth-century contacts near Coro on tion that no substantial silver or gold | the west and Cumana and her off-shore mines were to be found. The second , islands on the east, until the completion generation on the mainland had to make of settlement sometime in the second half peace with the landscape and adapt its of the eighteenth century, European ex- style and activities to the possibilities pansion into the interior proceeded along of the environment. Although most of the ©

systematic and easily understandable interior and coastline had been surveyed, a jlines.33 if only in passing, few major towns had Apart from the earliest contacts by appeared. Indeed, by 1550 the only more | ,

Columbus at the end of the fifteenth or less permanent population centers. century, Europeans became interested in hugged the coast near the pearl fisheries ©

: the area when they discovered that the of the east in places like Cumana on the _ source of pearls traded by the natives mainland, and La AsunciGn or Nueva Cadiz oo

, lay in the waters around the islands of on the island of Cubagua, or they Margarita, Cubagua, and Coche just north belonged to the western coastal region, — , of the Araya Peninsula. From Cubagua, like Coro or Maracaibo. The only = sub-

the pearl-fishing center, and later from stantial inland population center, £1 ,

the new-founded outpost at Coro, came Tocuyo, owed its existence to its key , periodic entries of Europeans in search location in the Segovia Highlands astride of Indian laborers to enslave and take the routes into the Andes and out onto _

back either to the Coro deserts, the the plains. , ee dangerous fearl fishing grounds off If that first half century saw the.

, Araya, or the © labor-starved Spanish founding cf few towns, it did prepare the os Caribbean islands. The series of entries way for the series of settlements planted , , into Venezuela during the first half of throughout that curve of mountains and - the sixteenth century touched every one coastline from the depression of Tachira

24 VENEZUELA IN TIME AND SPACE :

in the southwest to the Orinoco Delta in form until the petroleum boom of the mid-

the northeast. Ambitious men, radiating twentieth century. During the century outwards from El Tocuyo after 1550 in and three-quarters required to fill out

, search of exploitable Indians, suitable the network of towns, there were two soil for agriculture and stockraising, major impulses toward expansion. and a healthy climate, established new Throughout the Andes and parts of the

towns. Scme were nearby in the Segovia Segovia Highlands and in sections of the Highlands, such as Carora (1569) and western part of the Central Coastal Barquisimeto (1552), others farther away, Range, European settlement expanded in such as Trujillo (1557) in the Andes and response to the insatiable demand for InValencia (1556) or Caracas (1567) in the dian labor to make the Spanish colonists

-

Central Coastal Range. A few of these rich or, as more often occurred in piaces became in turn principal centers Venezuela, to help them survive. for expansion. Wherever Indians tractable enough to _ be From Caracas came the people who put to work existed near viable

would open the plains of Calaktozo with agricultural land, Spaniards established the foundation of San Sebastian (1584) at encomiendas, and, to extract the most the edge cf the Llanos, or exploit the from each area of encomiendas, they Barinas-Portuguesa plains from the town frequently founded hamlets to serve as of Guanare, founded at the end of the bases for the encomenderos and their century (1593). Trujillo, too, sponsored followers. With Indian labor available, an expedition to reestablish Maracaibo colonists also felt free to acquire title (1569). In the east, Cuman&a, refounded to whatever land lay unclaimed or unin the late 1560s, sent men east to defended about them. Throughout the Cariaco (1598) and west to Cumanagoto. Segovia Highlands, encomiendas occurred

From outside the present-day With considerably less frequency, in part boundaries of Venezuela came adventurers because the terrain offered little

in search of places to stay and grow encouragement — for agricultural

rich. New Granada provided the people enterprise. Here the second colonizing who founded San Cristébal (1561) and impulse began to play its role. The misMérida (1558) in the Andes and who sionaries found themselves with the task established Santo Tomé at the mouth of of continuing pacification and conversion the Orinoco. Mérida sent her own to put in those areas and among those Indians Gibraltar (1591) on the shores of Lake least suitable for the encomienda. The Maracaibo and to develop the foothills to Same mixture of encomienda and mission the east around Earinas (1577) and observable in the Segovia Highlands also Pedraza(1591). Of course, some of the appeared in the mountains and valleys of towns established during this period the Coastal Range, both in the central failed to survive, either because of a branch around Caracas and in the eastern

hostile environment or because of the branch behind Cumana, although the

competition from nearby, more prosperouS encomiendas in the east were puch less places. Such was the case with Borburata Significant than those in the center.

(1549) and Carakalleda (1568) on the As Spanish settlement moved south

coast. Nor did every town remain in the from the coast or east from the Andes,

same physical location over time. Cumana, the seminomadic and frequently dangerous

Trujillo, Barcelona, and Maracaibo were Indians, aided by the inhospitable refounded in slightly improved terrain plains, discouraged the prospective near their original sites.'s encomendero who found it impossible to If the sixteenth century saw the collect enough Indians in one place to

establishment of small population centers make an acceptable profit. The nislocated at strategic points along the arc Sionaries, whose calculus of profit and from San Cristobal through the Coastal loss involved different variaktles, ac-

Range te the Orinoco Delta, the cepted the challenge of taming this

seventeenth and the first three-quarters wilderness. From the east, various

of the eighteenth centuries witnessed the orders of Franciscans planted missions Slow expansion into the Llanos and_ the throughout the lower Orinoco and the gradual completion of Venezuela's urban plains of Maturin. They moved into the network, a structure of hamlets, Unare Basin, struggling to organize villages, towns, and a handful of cities coherent religious communities, and they destined to remain virtually unchanged in struck out from posts along the Orinoco

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Map 1-9

s

26 VENEZUELA IN TIME AND SPACE | into the intericr of Guayana. From the hamlets, villages, towns, and cities of

|

mountains and valleys around Caracas, the late eighteenth and early nineteenth they moved slowly south into the Llanos centuries that provides the focus of this of Calabozo, scattering mission towns book. rivers. Based deep in the Colombian Andes, small parties of Jesuits followed the Organization and Jurisdictions east-west course of the Apure and Meta, The years of slow expansion into the founding towns and establishing missions interior saw Venezuela pass through a in an irregular band. They reached the long series of political organizations Orinoco and turned southward continuing and reorganizations (Map 1-9). Coro

throughout the plains and along the |

their work in the territory below the served as the capital for most of the

Arauca. early years of the In telling area the taleduring of this nis-the Sixteenth century, but with the ,

sionary expansion which gave Venezuela establishment of other viable settleits territorial integrity and functional ments, first in El Tocuyo and finally in framework, it is easy to imagine these Caracas, civil and ecclesiastical leaders -$issionaries involved in a heroic epic migrated to those favored towns, and filled with multitudes and triumphs. Few sooner or later the official designations missionaries would have recalled their followed. Although some of the confusion efforts in that fashion. For the r,ost in jurisdictions and locations disap- | part, a missionary’s life in the wilds peared after Caracas began to develop as consisted of discomfort, disease, danger, the principal administrative center in disappointment, and all too freguently, the seventeenth century, Venezuela's an early death. Operating singly or in geographical location and settlement patSmall groups, isolated in impassible tern that had given the country a threecountryside amidst often hostile natives, way external orientation--Colombian,

and rarely supported by what civil Caribbean, and Atlantic--continued to authority existed, these harbingers of divide the country antil the late-~ Spanish culture and of the destruction of eighteenth century. For much of the native society counted their successes in colonial period, the provinces of tens, not thousands, of souls. They Venezuela, that is Margarita, Caracas, founded many missions, but if a third of and Nueva Andalucia or Cumanda (created in

these survived as viable towns, that the sixteenth century), reported | merited rejoicing. Their progress in separately to the Royal Court or sketching out the organization of Audiencia in Santo Domingo. But the

, Venezuela must have seemed agonizingly southernmost portion of the Andes below a Slow, taking perhaps four generations to line almost half way between Trujillo and complete. Still, after the missionary Mérida and most of the Maracaibo Basin tide began to recede from its high water reported to the Audiencia in Bogota. [In mark in the early 1770s, it left behind a like fashion, ecclesiastical jurisdic-~ line of hamlets that defined Venezuela tions divided the land. The Bishopric of and determined the directions of her Caracas administered the central portion development far into the nineteenth of Venezuela from the Unare Basin on the century. Although many smission towns east to the Maracaibo Basin on the west, disappeared from the map and several and from the northern coast south to the

magnificent mission churches lay Apure river. The southern border of the abandoned to the ravages of wind, rain, Bishopric ran along a line half way and time, the remaining places carried between Trujillo and Mérida, south of European domination forward. The untamed which lay the Bishopric of Santa Fé (de regions of the country stayed that way Bogota). From the Unare east reigned the

precisely because the missionaries had Bishop of Puerto Rico. Until the 1770s failed to reach them.!6 the area south of Trujillo belonged to By the 1770s the urban system of the Bishopric of Santa Fé, but with the Venezuela had reached a point of stabil- creation of the Bishopric of Mérida, this ity and had acquired sufficient complex- Andean region, pilus the western and ity to allow it to carry the developing southern parts of the Maracaibo Basin region through the subsequent century. were governed from the See of Mérida.17

And it is this stabilized network of The following discussion of

a , , a - VENEZUELA IN TIME AND SPACE 27

- characteristics cf towns andis people in ' a |to, -po , oO late colonial Venezuela confined -a the Bishepric of Caracas as it . was OS , . between approximately 1780only and about 1830., a, , | , This region, while commanding twenty percent of the national territory, , probably contained some sixty percent of ,| a, oe oo ,: , the Europeanized or European controlled population, and perhaps of theeG , So hamlets, villages, towns, half and cities. Oe, oe |

I

,F | tia ; i

28 VENEZUELA IN TIME AND SPACE |

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64 HAMLETS, VILLAGES, TCWNS, AND CITIES ’

El Sombrero, and then sweeping intrudes into the Bishopric was an area southeastward through Valle de la Pascua Without a major city. With a population to Santa Maria de Ipire at the edge of density just slightly above two persons the Unare kasin, we have defined the area per square kilemeter, the Andean portion

of greatest population and most of the Bishopric traded with the llanero © prosperous settlements in the Llanos. towns along its eastern foothills and Here ranged the herds of the cattle through them to the Central. Coastal barons, and throughout this band most of Range. The inhabitants of the mountains the important llanero towns existed. The looked to the south to Trujillo and

other major route through the Llanos ex- Mérida, and from there to San Crist6bal tended south from San Sebastian at the and into the Nuevo Reino de Granada. boundary between the Central Interior Closer to home lay the Maracaibo BaSin, a

Mountains and the Llanos, through San natural trade route restricted by

Juan de los Morros and El Sombrero to frequent pirate raids. In spite of such , Calabozo, and then paralleled the Gu4rico inhibitions, trujillanos traveled down to River south to San Fernando de Apure on the villages and hamlets along the the Apure River. San Fernando, a river eastern edge of the lake to send gcods

| settlement, served as a transfer point to and to trade with merchants from the trans-Apure Llanos and as the link Maracaibo and from there into the Caribwith the river traffic down the Orinoco bean. Finally, the mountain roads north to Angostura and the Delta. Because of from Trujillo led to the major towns of

the structure of the river systems the Segovia Highlands, El Tocuyo and

feeding the Apure, and because the Llanos Barguisimeto, where commerce and trade were henmmed in Eby the Andes and the with the coast of Puerto Cabello and La Coastal Range, the region had a cohesive- Guaira or with the valleys of Caracas or ness and identity built up over the years Valencia could tke carried out. This by merchants, cowboys, missionaries, and small poerticn of the Venezuelan Andes

: clerics who traveled through the region contained only just over three and onealong the same river routes or follawed half percent of the Bishopric's populathe same trails leading from town to town tion in under five percent of its surface

across the almost trackless plain. area.

People living here tended to lock to the Within the thirteen percent of the foothill tewns of Guanare or Araure- Bishopric's area occupied by the Segovia Acarigua, and San Carlos OL San Highlands lay a variety of population

Sebastian, as their major connections to centers. El Tocuyo, a major source of the politically dominant, economically men and supplies for the push into the important, and more populated regions Llanos and the Central Coastal Range in centered on places such as Bargquisimeto, the period of exploration and settlement, San Felipe, Valencia, or Caracas. In and Barquisimeto, a town laying astride villages and hamlets along the Apure, the route to the Llanos, the valleys of where the distances weakened the ties to Valencia and Caracas, and the coast of Caracas and the Central Coastal Range, Puerto Cabello, formed the urban axis of people also thought in terms of commerce the region supported by places such as and trade through the river system to the Carora or Yaritagua. The people of the Orineco and then to Angostura en route to Segovia Highlands accounted for. akout

the Atlantic. In fact, travelers and Sixteen percent of the total population

Spanish officials who had some experience of the Bishopric, but as_ the interwith the magnificent complex of rivers mediaries between the Coast of Coro, the feeding into the Crinoco predicted that Maracaibo Basin, the :Llanos, and the Venezuela's future prosperity depended on Central Coastal Range, they prospered the development of these routes con- throughout the eighteenth century. necting the hinterland with the Atlantic The Central Coastal Range proved to and the Colombian Andes. But pirates, be the only region of the Bishopric capa~ hostile Indians, and the general poverty ble of drawing more people than the of the Llanos regions prevented the Llanos, capturing alwost forty percent of

realization of that vision until the jurisdiction's population. With only twentieth-century technology made the just under twelve percent of the minerals of Guayana worth the expense of Bishopric'ts surface area, people in the developing the Orinoco river systen. Coastal kange lived about eight to the The northern tip of the Andes that square kilecmeter, a population density

. HAMLETS, VILLAGES, TOWNS, AND CITEES 65 | much higher than that found in any other in time of war, these communities thrived

region. In the intermontane valleys on the agriculture of the coastal valleys strung out in an east-west line from running into the Coastal Range where

Valencia through Maracay and Cagua, to cacao grew in abundance, on the trade and

the main valley of Caracas, this popula- commerce fed into the interior through tion concentrated in a variety of towns Puerto Cabello and especially the port and cities separated by constellations of for Caracas, La Guaira, and on the convillages and hamlets, all living on the traband trade with the Dutch and English

rich cacao plantations, the haciendas carried out through the rivers cutting growing frutos menores, and the hatos through the mountains to the sea all - Yvaising cattle for meat and hides. along the coast. Coro and Maracaibo, People cage to the Coastal Range from centers of interest and expansion in the everywhere in the country to participate earlier years of colonial domination, but |

in the prcesperity of the capital city of no longer part of the Bishopric of |

Caracas, seat of the Captain General, the Caracas during 1800-1809, maintained

, Bishop and then Archbishop, the offices their importance as minor trade centers

of the Caracas Company, the major and as strategic outposts defining , religious establishments, the seat of the Venezuela's periphery and maintaining

. Audiencia and the Consulado, and the home fortresses for the defense of the empire.

of the richest and best~-born hidalgos of This, then, completes a panoramic all Venezuela. From this primate city, view of the major characteristics of the protected from pirates by the northern parishes and regions of the Bishopric of , , range of mountains along the coast, came Caracas. It remains to discuss the the central direction for the Bishopric. compositicn of the population of the Orders from civil and ecclesiastical Bishopric: its racial characteristics, ‘authorities issued from there, and of- its marriage patterns, and its children.

ficials in othertoplaces worked to merit , ,| | appointment positions in the capital elite,plantations owning cattle - city. in theThe Llanos, in theranches valleys a| ,

of Aragua or Valencia or along the Coast, , , SO ; lived in elaborate style--in Venezuelan terms--in substantial houses located

around the central plaza and along its

Surrounding streets. For most travelers | to Venezuela in the eighteenth century, this city and its immediate hinterland in the Central Coastal Range symbolized Venezuela. Given all these advantages,

the concentration of population and

resources in the area comes as no surprise. And when theisdensity of , | population in this region compared with thatability prevailing in other regions, , Caracas's to centralize control | in her hands after the end of the wars for independence is easier to explain. , No other urban center could come close to

Range. , , ,

Caracas, and no other region could hope

to .compete with the Central Coastal The remaining ten percent of the

living the towns, villages, and | , hamletsin dotting the Coast from Rio Chico

Bishopricts population could be found

and Higuerote on the east, through La ,

Guaira and Puerto Cabello in the center,

and around past Coro to Maracaibo on the storms and the ravages of Spain's enemies

west. Besieged by pirates and exposed to , ,

— . a SSS | | | | eeaWSSSARAN

66 HAMLETS, VILLAGES, TOWNS, AND CITIES - ,

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Oo : | | OS | FOUR Race, Sex, Marrtiage,and Children 7 Of all the characteristics of their population characteristics to dif- ,

Venezuela's population, racial composi- fer from those of cther racial groups. , oo

tion shows the most interesting varia- Indians included the descendants of , to begin a social analysis of the reduced hy the late colonial period. We © Bishopric of Caracas at the close of the could expect these Indians to be of the

tions and offers the most promising area Venezuela's native population, much —

colonial period. As explained earlier, "tamed" variety, to use the picturesque , the concept of race used in this essay Spanish exp ression. The degree of acand throughout the bcok remains necessar- culturation this tamed population might

ily vague. | Quasi-genetic and quasi- have possessed is difficult to determine, , social in derivation, the classification but in the area of the Bishopric of a scheme most commonly used in Venezuela Caracas, most of the Indian villages and a

must be understood in terms of late hamlets had been under Spanish control colonial usage and custom. Reviewing for at least a generation, if not two or |

- briefly the categories and their names, three. As will he seen later on in this |

we have a five-part system capable of discussion, Indians 7 Shared position in the socio-racial hierarchy. other racial groups. © a Whites, at the top of the social ladder, As the largest racial category in classifying each person according to his characteristics different from those of |

boasted the closest apparent approxima- the Bishopric of Caracas, pardos prokakly , tion to a Spanish, ‘non-Moorish represented the widest range of racial | | stereotype, although the range of genetic variation. The one common element ;

heritage within this group must have been linking all the members of the pardo wide | indeed. | ~Encompassing the group was derivation from an African descendants of Spanish conguistadores ancestor, however remote. § Moreover, , from all over the peninsula, the white pardos must have demonstrated, for the , category also included Canary Island most part, a clearly identifiable _ Migrants, Easque merchants, Portuguese resemblance to a West African stereotyre, residents cf the cities, and light- for had they looked white, they might colored, prosperous individuals of well have passed into the elite category. © _

African heritage. While the range of If some did leave the group at the white racial stock from which these whites came end of the spectrum, others entered from -

may appear large, whites as a group the darker end, passing from the Negro , shared certain privileges and pos- category upwards to the pardo. © oe Sibilities denied members of other racial - Negrces, perhaps darker in color and categories. Their access to the places closer to the African image, formed a a of power, wealth, and prominence in the group difficult to define. I have as-

community put them in the best position sumed that the one distinguishing mark of | for advancement. Because of their loca- Negroes, who were apparently in decline | tion on the social scale, we could expect as a group, may have been their closeness : ,

mi

_ RACE, SEX, MARRIAGE, AND CHILDREN 69

to the slave condition. Recently freed the racial composition breaks down as in children of slaves probably accounted for pardos, fellowed by the whites, slaves, the bulk cf individuals included here. Indians, and Negroes. If we consolidate

slaves, their children, or the free Figure 4-1. The largest group were the , The slaves themselves, of course, the blacks, this division becomes even

belonged to their group by virtue of more striking, with the whites forming legal arrangements, not social or = racial only about a quarter of the Bishopric's distincticns. Slaves could be, and were, population. It requires no special inof all shades of black, some tending sight to understand why a white elite towards the white stereotype, others might have been concerned about the mo-

towards the African. Still, on the tives and behavior of the over sixty

average we can assume that slaves percent of the population made up of presented a more "African" presence to blacks. This is especially so when we society at large than did their pardo realize that the wars for independence © counterparts. While master-slave firmly convinced significant sections of miscegenation Hust have. occurred Venezuela's elite that the black populafrequently, thereby producing some mulat- tion harbored intense hatred for whites, to offspring, the tendency of manumission and, worse yet, coveted their goods and

to free mulattos more readily than blacks position in society. | may have kept the slave population | This breakdown of races within the blacker. Also, the slave group. received Bishopric hides some important regional periodic infusions of pure African blood differences. Not every part of the from the slave trade throughout the country had a majority of blacks, while colonial period and especially in the some places had an even higher’ black last three quarters of the eighteenth concentration than the Bishopric asa century. In any event, slaves whole. If we reorder our data as in demonstrated population patterns dif- Figure 4-2, some interesting patterns ferent from those of their counterparts emerge. At the broadest level, it

in other racial groups.! becomes clear that in the Lianos and Because one of the important aspects especially in the Andes, blacks did not

of this racial system has to do with the predominate to the extent they did in the elite's perception of the rest of the Coast, the Coastal Range, and the Segovia population, I have introduced a sixth Highlands. Indeed, it is only in the category into this analysis, that of the Andes, of all the Bishopric, that blacks blacks. | Throughout the independence sank to a minority position. | , movement and into the republican period, When we lcok at the regions more Venezuela's governing elites constantly closely, the dominance of the pardo eleworried about the disruptive potential of ment is everywhere apparent, except of | the nonwhite, non-Indian population. course in the Andes, and ranges from a They demonstrated a tendency to lump all low of thirty-four percent to a high of the Afro-Venezuelans into one group fifty-seven percent. More striking than 'yeferenced through the use of the code these differences, however, are those word parde. But hecause that designation displayed by the slave group. These caphas a less inclusive meaning in this data tives made up only three percent of the and in the colonial period, I have sub- Andean population, but comprised twentystituted black to refer to the composite six percent of the population along the

group of all identifiable Afto- Coast. In every region, Negroes Venezuelans, a grcup formed by combining represented only a small fraction of the

pardos, Negroes, and slaves.? inhabitants, reaching a peak of thirteen

| _| percent in the Segovia Highlands. , This racial distribution of close. the Racial Distribution regional population gives a rather

The population characteristics of fit to cur understanding of Venezuela's ' these racial groups can be viewed from a human landscape. That over threenumber of perspectives, but the best guarters cf the Coastal region's populastarting point is to see where they lived tion should have been black and that that Taking the entire Bishopric, an area appears reasonable when we consider that

in the Bishopric of Caracas. region should have been one-quarter slave made up of about two hundred parishes and the Coast region consisted of ports and ,

a little less than half a million people, agricultural valleys, traditionally

70 RACE, SEX, MARRIAGE, AND CHILDREN ,

ee N\ 80 i nn oe | |

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| Bishopric of Caracas 1800 - I809

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ene are Ce Se | | RACE, SEX, MARRIAGE, AND CHILDREN 71 —

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afacaatacetetetetatataterereteneteceteceterevetesccesovacecesscesecarerenscececensesssacscntssaccenesenssonscesecersconcascereresosscnceseressenssacgesessevets etaratatetatacacetatetetatatecetetetatatenetetetaceconoccteceteterecssecetererenenssecaronetetavatavereneratarerecoscterererssecereseesrasesscsseces ts nts 810s 0ssceateecs xX XX) Tete. 8s eruseaecesece] oteasacetatatetetatatatetetatetstatetetetetatetetataateneceseseteteceneceresecarococscececocscecatarereccccrarerssesereceeerecocsceseressserssec ecatatetetetatatetatecetatatetetetetacenetecececatereresoteteteteratarerecetacararecataterccacerarsrarereterevererscecetecerecsresereresasesec0s0ts0s0-01 020s 0_sassttes ater eres ss9-8. 0s 00010, 00000-00501 aesttetatatatatetetetetesetetetatatetotecetacetenecetecerececececetetetecesetesecetavetstetatareseceteseteraretecenetaresscceeseverscosscecneesesorse, enor 0070107870708] sstatgeses tee ote etatatatatatatatatatatateteteteteteteletatecetetecetetateteetateteteveterererererererisecececenecenerererererecererer eres erererereseresor 0s9sesese,0, C) CS C)

atete eesegtatataacatetctetetetetetetetatatatetetatatetatatetetetatatecetetetatatetetetetatatetetatatenstetetecererensscterecerenstenetesesoscecseseceseeccesseoceseesereses ote acavarateteteterarototetetetetetetatetateteretecatererecetecesenenecosecececarererccecersroceneresetessscnereroressacseceressesscaccetestetansreeeerescaterstetetatatetetl | Yj iN eattacatetatetecetetatetetetatenevatsteterecarececerecerssecarssessescessectonsceseneteoesscesonscnstarsesccescarsescamsaratetacstacatetatscatatecatstatscatetetetstats® C C) C) ¢ ete ests esasseeasaes oteoeatatetatatatatetetetetenetecetetatotecetetetatetetetetetetatatetetetetaetenencsetaterctetetatarasonetavacatecoceneteratacesecensrarocecocecssecorces atatatatetetetetetatatetetetetetetetetetateceteteterereceseterecererececeretererosocectsocscecesarssonecererererssoceceeeearerssosesesesesssss0s0g058ss00G078,00000,028) ; Ser \ oretatstatetstatenesenetosecatececeescatocssenstatecenarecesscssassnesesscarsceresseessronsterenesensnersnesessessenssescessearasssasgeecatscatscecatesetecatstatetetatst ) C)s oNC) ote evatetetatatatatetetatetetetetetetetetetetetetatetetetstetetatacecetetatetatetetetatetetetetaterercteceteresecescuetetatanacescneserersnscesessscosecoresasessnecesecors . 1 a oratetetenecanecarerecococesececaceesseepsceocanecssonaseceustecacecseeceeseeneceacsereroeesereseeses seagrass senesenvessnsescs testers ratstenatetetateteteteteetenet eects: eretatetecovetateteteteterecetonetenstotenererscecenesesscerecscersserasccersestersserssercetsensatseatssessrstansescsessensteratstatstetatstatetstanscststatetatetetet CxoN x)Cla

|O-, 74 RACE, SEX, MARRIAGE, AND CHILDREN . |

| Distribution of Races among Urban Categories __ |

0 Bishopric of Caracas 1800 -I809 |

80 j j Y Y City 70 | Uy A |50oeee Ya Yyy oeeeee eeee SS ees eee ee Ee Town | 400 . oe ee . a Se ers RK Se nn ae |

| Renee naan 552525052 Raannennaeeanncnenn a DSSS: srrteleiesetetetetesesstensenetasaeateey R58 2525 5 SO EEE EEE . EEE xx KK KK, S059 | |

sinning SOS RRR RSS; oxD 6% Se soreleletetelereterscegetereteceserereneres I KOK SOK . SHEE EEESESE ERE SEE EEE 0,0, 0,0, 0,0, () oselecelelelelelelelelele eee elated sosieeseeceselesetenegegeeegeneegeseteues OX QDOOOOOOOOOD™—]

20

saat lind Rallis iho Aa hairladciadahal tell V0, 0,0,0,0,0,%, peteteletateretareraretacereretererersea. en XKPOOOOOOP? KK ROK .

OK MOOD RMON5050505250525 SRK STII KICK PS OSQRSESES& 0.0.6. 0.6,6.6 oo RX OOO) R525 505052529 OK KOON 52505252505 BOR RSS R555 0.6.4.6. 6.0-4. POO oy. OSS 0,0, 0,0, 0,0, o BSSAOLNK OOOOOPOD OF? 50.00.0606 KKK OMe SSO 525505052524 0:6,0.4.0.0,6. PSK HK QRS CESK SOON S550 SKKVillaaeg

SSR KK CM RSLSLKSEKS CMe SSS S250 SSK OOO 55KeeSERS M5525 5052 905016.6-6.0-0 RS 50525759 £52505 50505 PSSIEKSLGG S555 25252509 RRS SSO 252525255: OSES PhS 55050 SSS XOOOOO ROSS 20.0.6.6. 0-0-6 R55 252525059 LXK KKK | 10 6.0.6.0.SKK 0.0.0. 8552525305, 55525554 60,63, 0 0-0 etatetetetetl an 550504 25505050 SSS 5050K 552525 R325525250505 ISS OOOO 8525252525252 2 .0-0-6:6-6-6 8255255250525 PKK KK NSO] | ere. 6,0, 0.06. QO RERKSSSR 0,06, 6.0.6,6. 050505050 On0,6.0.0.0-6 , “erataretetetes SSSO90 25505 S555 25050

SRS "ereretereteten: »-0.©.0.0.0.%.¢ Ped dedRerdieder MPM, Lee ||,

0 SpaWhite eobwhonne nerd _Hamiet Indian Pardo Negro Slave > CLL , Source: Appendix A, Table A-2 , |

Figure 4-5 ,

: Bn RACE, SEX, MARRIAGE, AND CHILDREN 75 Bishopric belonged in that category. In could have been found in places with at | contrast, villages and towns, least fifty percent of their populations demonstrating almost identical patterns from the black group. 7 of a, of racial concentration, had close to Having explored these patterns - Sixty percent blacks. The large places racial distribution around the Bishopric, in the Bishopric, those over 4,000 we can begin to leok at some other , population, showed a higher concentration measures of population behavior: sex, — ,

ofablacks than concentration the villages or towns, but marriage, and children. | ,, oe , lower than the hamlets. , | Anotheris way of looking atofthis same , _ | a, ,, , phenomenon to consider the percent Men and Women the total population that could be found | In the Bishopric of Caracas, men and in communities with at least half of women alse distributed themselves among their population Flack. In the Bishopric the parishes in characteristic patterns of 1800-1809, the chances were three out by race, region, and urban category. The , of four that any individual would find male/female ratios derived to illustrate

himself in one of those communities these patterns are population measures , - dominated by tklacks. Over seventy with a high degree of predictability. percent of the parishes had half or more From experience and theory, we can expect black residents. | , the nusber of males and the number of © , If we can take the distribution of females in a geographic area to be just

cacial groups by urkan category as a about equal. Moreover, we can also excrude measure of preference patterns, pect to find more men than women in the

some suggestive comparisons can be made very young ages, and more women than men

(Figure W¥-4). For example, it is among the adults. If the number of women

striking that the percentages of pardos and the number of men are exactly equal, and whites to be found in cities, towns, the male/female ratios will be 1.0, which villages, and hamlets, appear very close when multiplied by 100 for convenience _ indeed. Pardos and whites, for a variety gives 100. With more women than men in

of reasons, tended to concentrate in the the population, the ratio drops below -

cities and towns and showed a declining 100, and cf course an excess of men will a preference for places of smaller size. raise the ratio above 100. oe a , Indians favored villages and towns, while Unusual male/female ratios always ,

Negroes and slaves were more or less require careful investigation — to oe

evenly distributed among towns, cities, determine the causes of deviations from

and villages. Only a very smail fraction the expected. For example, large ~ of any racial group ended up in the male/female differences can result from : Bishopric's hamlets. | 7 - sex-specific causes of death, such as , Cut of this array of tables, charts, wars that deplete the male population ,

diagrams, and figures, some general without sericusly affecting the female. - conclusions. about Venezuela's racial Large scale migrations can also tilt the - landscape can be made. The Bishopric of maleyfemale ratios in one direction or : | Caracas, a region over sixty percent the other. Unfortunately, not all black, showed a consistent regional pat- disparities in maleyfemale ratios come _ tern of racial distribution. — Blacks from significant demographic events. Inm- 7 concentrated in the Coast and Coastal balances in this indicator are frequently Range, and were well represented in the the result of an incomplete enumeration Llanos and the Segovia Highlands. In- that fails to include memkers of one’ sex

dians cculd be found in highest with the completeness it includes members , concentrations in the Andes, and smaller of the other. Because of this, and. concentrations appeared in other areas. barring evidence of other reasons for a , of the populations of the Llanos and the for adults and children can often serve -

The whites represented just under a third serious male/female imbalance, the ratios.

Coastal ange. Of all the regions, cnly as a check on the - consistency and | the Andes had less than half its popula- completeness of an enumeration. BS .

tion from the black category (Figures 4-2 In Venezuela, within the Bishopric

andBlacks 4-5). represented | of Caracas, men and women appeared in the a strong majority censuses in the ratios displayed in , in parishes of all sizes, and three- Figure 4-6. The overall ratio of 91.4 is © quarters of the Bishopric's fopulation somewhat below the ratio we might have

76 RACE, SEX, MARRIAGE, AND CHILCUREN |

expected for a population of Venezuela's could encourage us to readjust our type and experience. Moreover, at the figures for adults upwards to account for present time no evidence suggests a the apparent underenumeration of adult

natural cause for this discrepancy. males in the census returns. Un-

There were no major wars, no outkreaks of fortunately, such a simple procedure inm-

disease that would have affected pen more proves the utility of the original data than women, and no major migrations. little, since much of the variation in There is a slight possibility that the nale/female ratios between the races must Bishopric, by virtue of housing come from a variation in the completeness Venezuela's primate city, Caracas, and of reporting each racial group. For the

the country’s most prosperous purposes of comparing differences within agricultural areas, may have drawn in the Bishopric of Caracas, no useful

substantial numbers of females from out- advantage wonld be gained at this stage side the Bishopric, from the Andes, the of the investigation ty applying correcEastern Llanos and Coastal Range, or from tion factors to this data, and such a the Maracaibo area. However, because we procedure might introduce new errors.

have little evidence to support such a Lcoking at these male/female ratios

theory, we will have to search elsewhere by cace for all of the Bishopric, some for To andetermine explanation. slight differences among races emerge what might serve as the (Figure 4-7). Among the children, the norm for Venezuela‘ts population in this variation from the overall male/female matter of male/female ratios and in rela- ratios atong the races is no more than tion to other indices to te discussed plus or minus three percent or so, hardly later, I have chosen the model “South* enough of a spread on which to base any life table in Coale and Demeny's compila- elaborate theories, especially since tion, with a life expectancy at birth of there seems to be no particular pattern twenty-five years. From the evidence and to the variation. Much the same can be arguments in Eduardo Arriaga*s excellent said of the overall male/female ratios, work on mortality decline in Latin Which shew a Similar three to four America, I feel confident in assuming percent variation around the total ratio. that the mortality trends he was able to But here a pattern emerges for the first calculate for 1860 in Latin America. can time, rather weak to be sure, but a patprobably be applied to the 1800-1809 tern nevertheless, and one that we will period as well, without doing violence to see repeated throughout the / data on the data.* Having accepted the model life male/female ratios. Whites and slaves table as a close approximation of have the highest ratios and the ones Venezuela's population age structure, it closest to the norm of the model life tais a simple matter to compare the ble. Such a phenomenon may suggest that male/female ratio of the model with that whites and slaves share a characteristic observed in the Bishopric of Caracas. or characteristics that make their men Figure 4-6 shows the overall sex ratio of more corpletely counted than the men of the observed data compared with that of other racial groups. We might suppose the hypothetical model population. that the sen of both groups appeared more Clearly the observed ratio would have to valuable to society than the men cf other be increased about seven or eight percent groups, and probably had MOLe conto bring it up to the expected level. sistently maintained places of residence, Before considering any adjustments to the thus being more easily included in the

data, however, we should also look annual parish counts. Slave males, of

closely at the male/female ratios for the course, served as an important commercial children cf the Bishopric, again compared commodity, whose transfer and sale with the expected ratios from the model required the intervention of notaries and

life table. From Pigure 4-6, we can see other civil officials. As a result of that the two figures for the 0-6 age the value of these individuals in a com-

| group a@iffer by only about one percent. mercial sense, we can safely assume that We might be safe in supposing that the the location and number of such important reporting of children between 0-6 is at commodities would be known and the in-

least sex consistent; that is, if formation available to the parish census children are underenumerated, it is takers. Slaves, of course, were not

probably in about the same amount for generally liable for tribute payments, boys as for girls. Such a situation nor before the wars of independence did

| RACE, SEX, MARRIAGE, AND CHILDREN 77

| Male/Female Ratios | |

| Bishopric of Caracas 1800 - 1809 vs. Life Table Ratios | |

| 130 100 70 130 100 70 , ,

Child — |

All | | | : |

Adult

Bishopric | Life Table

, Cu | Figure 4-6 |

Ratios (Males/ Females) x (100) Childs 0-7 | Source: Appendix A, Table A-4 | Adult= 7 and above

.|

y.

. < : Pot 2S , ee . Oo ‘ : he f°) .5g aoe :5 TE an CO)

es

O0S2LT O0O0ST 00SeT Q0001 O0SL O00S 00S¢ O | STUNGIAIGNI 40 “ON |

, | , A CITY IN THE MIDST OCF WAR 93 specified in such a way as to indicate events in Europe and the Carikbean on the that the sin of illicit cohabitation price and prospects of her products, became compounded in evil with the addi- Venezuela brought on herself in addition.

tion of interracial mixture. all the dislocations, destruction, and To be sure, the reflection of disorganization of the violent and misconduct found in Marti's visita shows prolonged wars of independence. Because

- only those sins brought to the Bishop's Venezuela began the independence fight as attention during his time in. the city. early as any Spanish American colony, and Rarely de we hear of any misconduct not because Venezuelans pursuing Bolivar's related to sex or failures of the dream of a united, independent, and free marriage contract. No doubt individuals America felt obligated to liberate all of |

cheated on prices, lied, stole, and Spanish South America, that fledgling fought. But these must have been republic paid a higher price than most of

regarded as civil transgressions of lit- her sister republics for the privilege of tle interest to the Bishop. Marriage and managing her own affairs. From 1810 unthe sexual relations associated with til the final battle at Carabobo in 1823, marriage, however, were always regarded Venezuela provided men and supplies, and as within the province of Church regula- her territory served as a principal battion. Sometimes the Bishop would have to tlefield for Bolivar’s hemispheric require a man to bring his wife to town crusade, Below the surface gleam of from some other city to prevent him from shining promises, glorious proclamations, living in sin with other women. In other and free republics, Venezuela*s land dinstances, the Bishop would be asked to displayed the physical scars earned in . coerce a reluctant groom into fulfilling the cause cf $Spanish America's inhis promises to an all too trusting young dependence. Plantations withered or woman. Much of the information recorded disappeared, and cattle, mules, and in the Bishop's bocks' on these themes horses were swept up and used by the concomes, of course, as the result of gos- tending armies. Commerce stagnated, Sip. Sometimes, however, the frequency civil order weakened and in places disapwith which a tidbit of malicious gossip peared, and people moved from place to

turned up in the transcript of the visita place in search of what security and indicates that some prominent in- tranquility could be found in those troudividual's misconduct was so flagrant and bled times. Men and women followed the such an affront to the community's armies from battlefield to battlefield, |

| standards that a consensus had emerged some as participants, some as supporters, about his moral culpability. In many of and others in hopes of gaining protec-

these cases, the Bishop made a determined tion. And the rapid movement of liaisons. In his efforts to reestablish and expeditionary forces across the land

effort to dissolve the scandalous guerrilla bands, highly mobile armies,

harmony and tranguility, and eliminate changed the face of many a Venezuelan the cause of these scandals, he hamlet, village, town, and city. 7

freguently called on local priests and San Carlos de Austria was one of even the city's civil authorities to those cities. The same conditions that © guarantee the permanence of the solutions made San Carlos a prosperous place in the | worked = out. For all their partiality, late eighteenth century put the city in

the discussion of moral dereliction in the center of the independence movement. the Bishop's books provides a fascinating In the early years of the war, during the glimpse into the real lives of real unhappy days of Venezuela's First people throughout the Bishopric, and Republic, San Carlos seemed to hold the demonstrates unsurprisingly that the key to the success or failure of royalist residents of San Carlos experienced the and patriot plans. Fixed at the exchange same range of human failings as the rest point between the royalist strongholds of of the inhabitants of the Bishopric.3 Coro and Maracaibo and the patriot- , controlled central mountains and valleys, san_Carlos_and Independence and, moreover, providing a major gateway The population history of San Carlos to the Llanos, San Carlos felt the brunt during the years 1781-1824 illustrates of war as strongly as any other place of

many of the forces operating on all of comparable size during the First

Venezuela's parishes throughout these Republic. Of course this is not to say decades. Subjected to the influence of that San Carlos provides a typical case

.,&aaOpoae/|\ cof!|i\a/ 94 aN cn J | oO | tn . CO om \ | CL ~sS = |o Ol ~ oO , , “oe = wi | 4 THB. ox WM 3 = _ | [— | ; ws | _| | o OO , , ™ CL , , | (_) |

= -_ },

102 A CITY IN THE MIDST OF WAR |

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_ A CITY IN THE MIDST OF WAR 103 | | Not only can we explain almost all of the that the causal connection here is ab- ae

change in the number of married women by solutely clear. Quite the contrary may , knowing the number of married men, but we have been the case. The purpose of this ©

can also show that the increase or exploration of the relationship between decrease cf say ten men will be ac- the changes in the size of San Carlos' companied by an almost equal increase or male and female populations is to : decrease in the number of women® (Figures determine if, and to what degree, men and 5-4 and 5-5). , - women moved in or out of San Carlos Several conditions may have combined together. The conclusion that they did ,

to make this relatively elegant result move together, that is that when men appear. Ey and large, whites in the moved out, women moved out too and in Bishopric of Caracas tended to marry about the same number, does not necessar- © whites, and thus the relationships we are ily iwply that the men took the women , , exploring here are not complicated by the with them, although that may well have a possibility of large numbers of white occurred, especially in the case of married ales not married to white married women and adults between the ages , females. Furthermore, we could assume of seven and fifteen. More probable is that substantially more whites than the assumption that in many cases both members of other racial categories had men and women responded to the same the eccnomic resources and personal ccon- circumstances, but independently. This _ ,

nections to arrange for their wives to. situation would have been most likely move to cther areas when they had to with single males and females, least , ,

leave town for extended campaigns or when likely with married individuals. If we hazardous. Even taking these things into and then comparing changes in the male or |

conditions in San Carlos looked had some way of measuring those forces ©

account, the symmetry of this rela- female population, it might be possible , tionship is remarkable. | to devise a more elegant theory to exA similar relationship prevails plain populaticn movement during the wars > among the single white men and women, for independence. Until such information although to a markedly lesser degree. By emerges from researches into the social knowing the change in the number of white history of those years, we are restricted , Single men in San Carlos, we would only to the construction of hypotheses based

be able to explain two-thirds of the on the trends evident in the data and in. ,

change in the number of white single the moncgraphs presently available. — , women. This result should come as no Returning to the consideration of ~ surprise, Since we would not expect the way women and men migrated together : , Single women to be attached to single men during the independence turmoil, it is to the degree married women were attached helpful tc compare the performance of the , | to their husbands. Moreover, there are pardos with that of the whites. To a quite a few more single women than single degree alrost equal that of the whites, — , men in San Carlos, further reducing, we married pardos, male and female, moved

might suppose, the influence of the men's together in and out of San Carlos. For a action an the women. Even though this every addition or subtraction of a pardo a discussion focuses on Single adults, it narcried woman from the city's population, is important to keep in mind that these we can find a corresponding change among

adults include people from seven years of the pardo mens. It is important to

age. Individuals between the ages of observe that most of the movement of seven and fifteen might be expected to aarried whites was out of the city, while move with their parents, and their much of the movement of married pardos behavior would respond more to the pres- was in the opposite direction. Likewise, = | sures on the married whites than to those before placing too much emphasis on the ,

on the unmarried (Figures 5-6 and 5-7). similarities between the movement of , : Before considering the performance whites and pardos, it is necessary to of the pardo group in this context, some evaluate the timing of these movements. | : caveats are in order about the assump- [In any case, the one sure conclusion that | tions of this discussion. Although in can be offered at this stage is that © talking about the movement of white married pardo men and women showed no | adults, I have considered men the in- less a likelihood to migrate together | a

dependent than did their white counterparts dependentvariable variable,and thiswomen is not the to imply (Figures 5-8 and 5-9). Oo ,, ,,

= | in

104 A CITY IN THE MIDST OF WAR | |

—_ | = * 2 : ZZ nO a Ga a | Li | QS fa |acrn =z tn xk oa _= LJ Listy t— *K % * | Nee Ox | a aa . , =. Ce 28 MD Oxo RO o. Jie OA = « CL OO * ta C) Ch) —| | |x 2|

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macks a major juncture in Venezuelan rest of the aggregated census returns history. fhe hamlets, villages, towns, from the Bishopric of Caracas. In this and cities identified, located, and continuing inguiry, the next area of indescribed in this book constitute an in- terest will be an exploration of the |

terconnecting urban system so Bagnitude, direction, timing, composi-

. Satisfactory that the basic form and tion, and causes of the constant movement organization of that system survived of people throughout the Venezuelan urban

| virtually until the network. boomunchanged of the 1930s. It petroleum is particularly a,

important to emphasize that this urban network acquired its stable, fully, ,

developed form only century, during the last. guarter of the eighteenth and : that the definitive orientation of the | ucban system towards the central city of 7 Caracas came as a result of the economic, political, social, and ecclesiastical

at In thefcllowing end of the colonialdiscovered period. \ . the patterns

consolidation of authority in that city

by the study of the race, sex, marriage, and || children within Bishopric of Caracas, the value of an apparent. urban-regional framework : ,a has been wade The behavior of , Venezuela's people as reflected in |the | , ° data on population characteristics shows a range of variations by region and urban : ,

category. And although these two major the variables that need to be examined, they do provide a solid base for analysis.

dimensions of the study hardly exhaust further ,

If the emphasis of this kook has been upon the verification and analysis , of the urkan-regicnal matrix, that has not been to minimize the rapidly changing

| _ OO | | | NOTES Notes _to_ Introduction | | Hispanic American. Historical. Review —

oo , , 55 (1975), 287-323. For a survey of some

4. Perhaps the best way to survey this methodological trends in Latin American

rich and extensive literature is through history, see the essays in Richard GRAHAM the exceptionally useful bibliographical and Peter H. SMITH, eds., New Approaches

essay in Charles GIBSON*'s outstanding to _Latin American History (Austins:

survey Spain in America (New York: Harper University of Texas Press, 1974). | |

and Row, 1966). The best guide to the OO | , ,

field is, of course, Charles C. GRIFFIN's 3. One of the major contributions to the Latin. Awerica: A Guide to the Historical history cf material culture is, of Literature (Austin: University of Texas course, the extraordinarily influential |

Press, 1971). SOOO , work by Fernand ERAUDELMaterial published in | - English as Capitalism_and Life,

2. Examples of these distinctions are 1400-1800, trans. Mirian Kochan (New

| numerous. On the rules governing empires York: Harper and Row, 1973). For a more © see, for example, Clarence H. HARING, The elaborate statement of Venezuela's posi| Spanish Empire in America (New York: tion within the North Atlantic hegemony, Oxford University Press, 1947) or Ernst see John V. LOMBARDI, "Patterns of SCHAEFER, Bl _ consejo_real__y supremo de Venezuela's Past" in John D. MARTZ and las__Indias; su_ historia, organizacién y David J. MYERS, Venezuela: Is__ Democracy - labor _administrativo_hasta_ la terminacién Institutionalized? (forthcoming). The | de la casa_de Austria, 2 vols. (Seville: notion cf dependency used here is derived Imprenta M. Carmona, 1935-47). For an from the excellent discussion in Immanuel example of the micro approach to WALLERSTEIN, "The Rise and Future Demise | families, see Stephanie 8B. BLANK, of the World Capitalist System. Concepts

"Patrons, Clients, and Kin in for Comparative Analysis," Comparative | ,

Seventeenth-Century Caracas: A Studies in Society and History 16(1974),

Methodological Essay in Colonial Spanish 387-415, and from the provocative study American Historical Review 54(1974), 260- STEIN, The Colonial Heritage of Latin 283. Cn the organization of imperial America: Fssays_on_ Economic Dependence _in -. commerce, see, for example, Huguette and Perspective (New York: Oxford University Pierre CHAUNU, Seville et l*Atlantigue, Press, 1970). A survey of the materials

- American Social History," Hispanic by Stanley J. STEIN and Barbara H. , «4504-1650, 8 vols. in 9 (Paris: A. available on Venezuela's century of Colin, 1955-59) and for a micro-level transition is included in the notes to

oy study, see William B. TAYLOR, Landlord the following chapters. See also John ¥. and_Peasant_in Colonial Oaxaca (Stanford: LOMBARDI et. al., A_Comprehensive Working

_ $§tanford University Press, 1972). An ex- Bibliography of Venezuelan History (New

, cellent perspective on this progression York: G.K. Hall, forthcoming) for a , Of research can be seen in Charles listing of the major items of interest On Gibson, “Writings on Colonial Mexico," Venezuelan history since discovery.

Son | D , ,

112 NOTES TO CHAPTER 1.

Notes to Chapter 1. ble assistance in the development of the individual regional descriptions. Pablo

1. The literature on Venezuelan VILA, Geografia de Venezuela, 2 vols.

geography is extensive. In these notes, (Caracas: Ministerio de Educacién, Direc it will only be possible to include some cién de Cultura y Bellas Artes, 1960-

of the important items and more 1965), Vol. 1: El _ territorio nacional y - representative pieces From the su___ambiente __ fisico, serves as the literature. However, with few excep- starting point for any inquiry into tions, the hooks and articles fall into Venezuela's historical geography. Marco three major categories. First are the Aurelio VILA and Juan J. PERICCHI L.,

contemporary colonial accounts and JZonificacién yeoecondémica de Venezuela, 4 descriptions that emphasize geographical vols. (Caracas: Corporaci6n Venezolana de features. For the most part, these refer Fomento, 1968) is one of those excepto specific regions and will ke cited in tional works of modern economic geography

the sections referring to those regions. thoroughly imbued With a historical The second group includes the works of perspective. Its maps are excellent. modern historians and geographers who Also helpful are Pablo PERALES FRIGOLS, have approached Venezuela's landscape Manual de __ geoqrafia___econdmica __de with a historical perspective. Venezuela, 2d ed. (Caracas: Ediciones Frequently these works can be classified EDIME, 1960); Luis Fernando CHAVES, as ephemeral puklications, exegeses on Geografia agraria de Venezuela (Caracas:

colonial observers, or ceremonial Universidad Central de Venezuela,

publicaticns honoring the anniversary of Ediciones de la Biblioteca, 1963); and town foundations. Even though the value Preston E. JAMES, Latin America, 3d ed. of many of these works can only be (New York: OQOdessy Press, 1959). One of described as relative, it is dangerous to the most helpful contemporary descripignore them, because buried among the tions of Venezuela's geography is in glass and glitter lie a few true jewels) Joseph Luis de CISNEROS, Descripcién exof scholarship. Unfortunately, many acta__de la. provincia de Benezuela, publications in this category prove ex- keproduccién de las_ediciones_de_ Valencia tremely difficult to locate, since they (1764) y_ Madrid (1912) con _introducci6n are issued by municipal councils and de_Enrigue_ Eernardo Nafiez, Biblioteca de distributed within a small circle. The Geoyrafia y Historia, Serie Alejandro de

majority of such items refer to town Humboldt (Caracas: Editorial Avila

foundings, a topic of inexhaustible in- Grafica, 1950). No listing of works on terest. In the course of this chapter, I Venezuelan geography would ke complete will have occasion to refer to some of without gwention of the extraordinary the best and also some of the typical state by state geographic surveys carried pieces of this genre. Finally, in the out by Marco Aurelio VILA. Although third group are those elegant and focused on the economic and huran technically sophisticated geographical geography of the period since 1930, these works relating to modern petroleun volumes help clarify many points” of Venezuela. Although some of these have a historical interest. Published by the rather short historical perspective, they Corporacién Venezolana de Fomento in

have been invaluable aids in the develop- Caracas between 1952 and 1967, in their ment of the geographic view shown here. series Monografias econémicas estatales, The most useful items will appear iater tthe follewing volumes were consulted for |. on in the notes. Although a few works on this book: Aspectos._geograficos _del Venezuela in time and space may not fit estado... Anzoategui (1953), Portuguesa easily into any of these categories, the (1954), Sucre (1965), Guarico (1965), extraordinary and unusual will be men- Aragua (1966), Carabobo (1966), Yaracuy

tioned. (1966), Trujillo(1967); (1966), Miranda (1967), | | and Mérida and Aspectos 2. Before deciding to adopt the geogr4aficos... del. Zulia (1952), del

boundaries of these regions, I had the fTfdchira (1957), del Distrito Federal benefit of a long series of studies of (1967). In the end, I decided to follow Venezuelan regional development. The the regional divisions described in the followingfor items of particular Atias dedeVenezuela, published by the portance the were regional divisionsimMinisterio Ckras Péblicas, Direccion eventually chosen, and also of considera- de Cartografia Nacional, of the

|

: — NOTES TO CHAPTER 1. 113 © Venezuelan Government (Caracas, 1971), eighteenth, the relaciones geograficas

pp. 123-124. | Oo i givethe a number of helpful reports. See - . for example following selections from

3. The fascination that the Orinoco ARELLANO MORENO, Relaciones geogr4ficas.

river system held for all the travelers, Juan de SALAS, *Relacion que yO,..., hice colonial period is well documented in (1560s) ," Ppp» §§ 53-56; +£.Rodrigo de

missionaries, and explorers of the y descubr{ en la Isla Margarita... missionary accounts and naturalists! NAVARRETE and Antonio BARBUDO, “Relacion

reports. Most of these can be seen in de las provincias y naciones de los inthe items cited below for Guayana, but dios llamados aruacas y memoria de

for a survey of the early efforts to Antonio Farbudo sobre los territorios

, enter the Delta and open up the interior, costaneros (1570-1575)," pp. 83-94; and see José Antonio DE ARMAS CHITTY, Lope de las VARILLAS, “Relacién = que Caracas: Origen y__trayectoria de una hizo..., de la conguista y poblacién de ciudad, 2 vols. (Caracas: Fundaci6n Nueva Cordoba, afio 1569," pp. 65-80. For Creole, 1967), pp.» 21-22. For a ccn- the early seventeenth century we have the temporary explanation of the difficulties relacién cf Diego SUAREZ DE AMAYA, “Carta

presented by the Delta as an entry point de don... al Rey, sobre la pesca de to the fainland, see the relacién perlas; vela de la salina; mudanza de la

geogr4afica of Martin LOPEZ, "Memoria y ciudad de Cumana y vacante del obispado

relacién de las tierras que he andado por de Venezuela (1604)," pp. 277-288. The

la Costa Arriba desde la Isla de final two relaciones geograficas present - Margarita hasta el Rio Caretin, gue es an early and a late eighteenth-century cerca del Marafidn, desde el afio de perspective on this part of the coast. 1550,e.|

SLAVE 8.39 78.25 668.30 SLAVE =. 200.00 214.29 += 100.00 .

ALL 85.53 82.37 98.69 ALL 125.23 133.33 103.33 LIFE TABLE =©098.60 98.70 9810 LIFE TABLE 98.60 98.70 98.10 _

; ee | SEX (1800-1809) | me ANDES = i | TABLE A-7. PERCENT MARRIED BY RACE AND

RACE OVERALL = ADULT) ——sSCHTLD oo Oo

WHITE 94.85 388.45 107.42 RACE PERCENT ADULTS MARRicD Oo INDIAN 87.87 85.43 93.21 | MALES FEMALES ALL ADULTS

PARDG 88.30 84.51 93.89 : | | 36.07 || NEGRO 53045 93440 93.53 WHITE 37.43 34.80

SLAVE 133.93 134.87 131.78 INDIAN 45.78 39.98 42.68 -----wean wae === ss PARDE 37065 32.86 35.14 | ALL 90.40 87.41 96.38 NEGRC 38.46 —«- 32017 (35.07 | LIFE TABLE 98.60 98.70 98410 wan---- 0 --=--- meee een |

| | | | ALL 37623 - 33031 35.15 |

, —LLANOS=- | , | | | a | | | Oo a | NOTE. ADULTS ARE SEVEN YEARS OR OLDER.

Oo oeRACE TABLE A-8. PERCENT MARRIED BY KACE, SEX, | IVERALL ADULT CHILD AND URBAN CATEGORY (1800-1899) |

WHITE91.30 = «=. 95461 = 92693) 102.63 a | a: -_ INDIAN 88.20 97.73 ——-HAMLETS-PAROL «92483 = 89423-10133 | | oe |

| N=GRO 85659 BLED 46 TH RACE PERCENT ADULTS MARRICO | | SLAVE 108.27 111.33 100.43 MALES | FEMALES ALL ADULTS

ALL 94.37 $1.78 100.56. WHITE 45.71 47416 46440 .

| LIFE TABL? 98.60 98.70 $8.10 PARDG 46.09 40.71 43.23

a | ALL 45402 44.37 45.13 |

oe | | NOTE. ADULTS ARE SEVEN YEARS OR OLDER. |

136 APPENDIX A

——-VILLAGES-- TABLE A-9. PERCENT MARRIED BY RACEs SEX, PACE PERCENT ADULTS MARRIED MALES FEMALES ALL ADULTS

AND REGIGN (1800-1809)

WHITE 37.211 41.75 39.28 PARDO 40.03 38.11 39.04 MALES FEMALES ALL ADULTS ~-COAST-~-- ©

INCIAN | 46.94 42.13 44.41 RACE PERCENT ADULTS MAKRIED

NEGRO 34.251 , 35.00 SLAVE 32.44 39.78 35.275 34.03 WHITE37.02 32.95 37.71

- | - , , *#SEE ARAURE, aa | ,

a—*XSEE CHUAD ee ; , EL , a |, COCOROTE ELRASTRO ROSARIO

— COCUIZAS oe : —**SEE ANTIMANG | oo , **SEE SAN ANTONIO DE LAS COCUIZAS EL ROSARIC - : BF , COJEDES **SEE ALTAMIRA : CONC. DE TARIA | oO EL ROSARIU DE BARUTA ~ , a HRSEE TARIA , - - - *ESEE BARUTA | : - , - COPACABANA DE LOS GUARENAS EL ROSARIO DE CASIGUA | OO ,

O*¥*SEE GUARENAS oe *kSEE CASIGUA aea7— CORTEZA | , Oe -_ _ EL ROSARIO DE GUIGUE *&SEE APARICION = = | **kSEE GUIGUE - OS

DE GUARICO , EL ROSARIO DE HUMOCARO BAJO ,CRUZ — **SEE GUARICO —— **SEE HUMOCARO BAJO CUA a EL ROSARIG DEF LA VEGA, , ,

—- —w*ESEE CUARA oo *#SEE LA VEGA | aea QUARA , ee EL RGSARIO DE MARACA

— CUBIRO #kSEE MARACA ,, ,oe , CUNAVICHE , | ee EL ROSARIG DE MARIN — , CUPIRA , ROSARIO , *KSEEDE CUA | oO ,; ,, oe CURA Oo ' EL TAGUAT - WESEE VILLA DE CURA a , *&SEE TAGUAI ,: |, ,CURARIGUA - Be . |EL SCMBRERG CURATG CASTRENSE DE CARACAS~ oe EL TINACO an 7 **SEE CARACAS=-CURATG CASTRENSE © , **SEE TINACO Co

CURTIEPE oo oe EL TINAQUILLO 7— CUYAGUA a **SEE. TINAQUILLO © oe©- ,a

a 144 APPENDIX B=-MASTER PARISH NAME FILE

EL VALLE TOCUYO GUAYOS EL **SEE LOS GUAYUS EL VALLE DE CABRIA GUAYRA **xSEE CABRIA **SEE LA GUAIRA

EL VALLE DE CAUCAGUA GUAYRA *KSEE CAUCAGUA *xSEE LA GUAIRA, CURATG CASTRENSE !

EL VALLE DE CHORONI GUAYRA DE PARACOTOS | |

CHORONI *xSEE PARACOTOS EL*xSEE VALLE DE CUYAGUA GUIGUE , *eSEE CUYAGUA GUIRIPA , | EL VALLE DE GUATIRE | #&SEE GUATIRE --H--CONCEPCIGN EL VALLE DE LA PURA Y LIMPIA DE CUYAGUA HCORTIZ¥xkSEE ORTIZ — , *#*SEE CUYAGUA EL VALLE DE MORON HOSPINO ,

*%SEE MORON ¥xXSEE OSPING

EL VALLE DE MOROTURO HUMOCARG ALTO.

*xSEE MOROTURO HUMOCARO BAJO EL VALLE DE TURIAMO KSEE TURIAMO. --I-EL VALLE DE URAMA KSEE URAMA IGUANA , ESPINO IMCDA. CONC. DE CUYAGUA **SEE CUYAGUA , ~-F=- IMCDA. CONC. DE GUAIGUAZA SEE GUAIGUAZA |

FARMAS DE NRA. SRA.DE DELOS BARBACOAS *&SEE IMCDA. TARMASCONC. **SEE BARBACOAS LLANUS

| IMCOA. CONC. DE NRA. SRA. DE CAMATAGUA , ~-G-SEE CAMATAGUA GOAIGOAZA SEE CUPIRA *&SEE GUAIGUAZA IMCDA. CONC. DE NRA» SRA. DE MARIARA , GUACARA —-®RSEE MARTARA | GUADALUPE DE BOBARE IMCDA. CONC. DE NRA. SRA. DE MONTALBAN IMCDA. CONC. DE NRA. SRA. DE CUPIRA

#ESEE BOBARE **SEE MONTALBAN . GUADARRAMA IMCOA. CONC. DE NRA. SRA. DEL SOMBRERO GUAIGUAZA *#%SEE EL SOMBRERO

GUAIRA IMCDA. CONC. DE NRA. SRA. DEL TUCUYO

#eSEE GUAIRA SEE GUAIRA DELA PARACOTOS IPIRE

EL TOCUYD ,

| #*SEE PARACOTOS #*SEE SANTA MARIA DE IPIRE ©

GUANARE —-J~-GUANARITG JESUS DE PETARE

GUAMA

GUANARE VIEJO

GUAPO #xSEE PETARE *kSEE EL GUAPO JESUS, MARIA Y JOSE DE TACARIGUA GUARDATINAJAS *ESEE TACARIGUA DE MAMPORAL GUARENAS JOBAL GUARICO #%SEE DIVINA PASTORA DEL JOBAL

GUASGUAS JUJURE | GUATIRE 4kSEE TUREN

GUAYGUAZA , GUAYABAL

*ESEE GUATGUAZA

| APPENDIX Be-MASTER PARISH NAME FILE _ «145

| , LA LOS MISION --i-¥eSEE ANGELES | : LA MISIGN BAJA| : -

LA ANUNCIACION DE NRA. SRA. DE VALENCIA *#*SEE LOS ANGELES | ,

*KSEE VALENCIA oe LA MISSION ALTA ,

LA ANUNCIACION DE NRA. SRA. DEL VALLE DE KSEE LA SANTISIMA TRINIDAD | LA SANTA CRUZ DE CAUCAGUA © , LA SABANA DE OCUMARE

#&SEE CAUCAGUA | **SEE OCUMARE DEL TUY |

LA ANUNCIACION DEL VALLE CL MORGTURO | LA SABANETA DE TUREN | |

*kSEE MOROTURO © | | **SEE SAS3ANETA | | .

LA APARICION DE COROMGTO DE TuCUPIDS LA SANTA CRUZ DE GUARICO _

*#*SEE TUCUPIDO DE GUANARE **SEE GUARICU a | *eSEE VALLE DE LA PASCUA ; *ESEE MACAIRITA LA*%SEE BORBURATA Coe LA SANTISIMA TRINIDAD 3 | BORBURATA | LA SANTISIMA TRINIDAD DE MARCHENA |

«LA ASUNCIGN DEL VALLE DE LA PASCUA | LA SANTISIMA CRUZ CE MACAIRITA |

LA CANDELARIA — , *#SEE LA SANTISIMA TRINIDAD

CARACAS-CANDELARIA LA VEGA | LA*&SEE CONC. DE |TARIA ~ LA VICTORIA | ;| a **SEE TAPIA | LA VICTORIA DE NIRGUA LA CONCEPCION DE CUYAGUA , *#SEE NIRGUA _-®ESEE CUYAGUA a = LAGUNITAS LA CORTEZA oe | *%SEE DIVINA PASTORA DELoe JuBAL

*kSEE APARICION | LAS COCUIZAS |

LA DIVINA PASTIRA DE GUANARE VIEJO ®KSEE SAN ANTONIO DE LAS COCULZAS |

VIEJO | , ' LAS GUASGUAS ||, LA**SEE DIVINAGUANARE PASTORA DEL JOBAL an **SEE GUASGUAS

MESEE DIVINA PASTORA DEL JOBAL LAS TINAJAS ~ | LA GUAIRA | a | *#SEE TINAJAS OO | LA GUAIRA DE PARACOTGS _ LESAMA —|

| SEE 7 | *&SEE LEZAMA — LEZAMA | LAPARACOTOS: GUAIRA, CURATO CASTRENSE LA HUMILDAD Y PACIENCIA DE WRC. SR. LCS ACHAGUAS _

_ JESUCRISTO DE CAMAGUAN | **SEE ACHAGUAS Oo ¥&SEE CAMAGUAN , LCS ANGELES LA IMCOA. CUNC. DE CUYAGUA : LOS ANGELES DE SETENTA

*ESEE CUYAGUA | LOS ARENALES © oe

LA IMCDA. CONC. DE GUAIGUAZA **SEE ARENALES :

| **SEE GUAIGUAZA | LOS AYAMANES LA IMCDA. CONC. DE NRA. SRA. DE “SEE AYAMANES

BARQUISIMETO : LOS CANIZOS | | *xSEE BARQUISIMETO LOS GUARENAS | oe

LA IMCDA. CONC. DE NRA. SRA. DE CAMATAGUA **SEE GUARENAS = ~ |

**SEE CAMATAGUA. | a LOS GUAYOS | | | ,

*&SEE CUPIRA | , a | *&SEE MARIARA | a | |

| LA IMCDA. CONC. DE NRA. SRA. DE CUPIRA LOS TEQUES _

LA IMCDCA. CONC. DE NRA. SRA» DE MARTARA --M-- , a , , | LA IMCDA. CONC. DE NRA» SRA. DE MONTALBAN MACAIRA |

| LA *ESEE MONTALBAN _ a MACAIRITA | . IMCDA. CONC. DE NRA» SRA.» DE PAYARA MACARAO a

*ESEE PAYARA | MACUTO |

LA IMCDA. CONC. DE NRA. SRA» DEL SOMBREFO **KSEE CARABALLEDA © a

**SEE EL SOMBRERO | MAGDALENA DE MAGDALENO © LA IMCDA. CONC. DE NRA. SRA. DEL TOCUYO **&SEE MAGDALENO | _

EL TOCUYO | , MAGDALENO |— LAMESEE MERCED | MAIQUETIA ,| : -RHSEE aARENALES

146 APPENDIX B--MASTER PARISH NAME FILE |

MAMON 7 NRAs SRA. DE CAMATAGUA | *kSEE EL CONSEJO a *#SEE CAMATAGUA

|

MAMPORAL | NRA. SRA. DE CANDELARIA DE CARABALLEDA | - MANAPIRE ¥kSEE CARABALLEDA MA PUEY a NRA. SRAs DE CANDELARIA DE PANAQUIKE

|- *KSEE JOSE PANAQUIRE | | || -MARACASAN Oe NRAs SRA.KSEE DE CANDELARIA DE TARMAS

MARACAY SEE TARMAS | MARASMA NRA. SRA.7DE CANDELARIA DE TURMERG

| *ESEE CAPAYA #xSEE TURMERO | MARCHENA NRA. SRA. DE CHIQUINQUIRA DE AREGUE

SEE LA SANTISIMA TRINIDAD #*SEE AREGUE | |

MARIA | NRA. SRA. DE CHIQUINQUIRA DEL TINACO ©

- MARIA MAGDALENA DE MAGDALENG **SEE TINACO #*SEE MAGOALEND | NRA. SRA. DE COPACABANA DE LOS GUARENAS

MARIARA **SEE GUARENAS MARIN NRA. SRA. OF CUPIRA | *¥*SEE CUA | KSEE CUPIRA

||

MAYQUETIA , NRA. SRA. DE GUADALUPE DE BOBARE | HESEE MAIQUETIA HESEE BOBARE 7 MISION BAJA | NRA. SRA. DE GUACALUPE DE LA VICTORIA

**SEE LOS ANGELES «KSEE LA VICTORIA |

MISSION ALTA NRA. SRA. DE LA APARICION DE COROMOTO DE

**SEE LA SANTISIMA TRINIDAD TUCUPIDD MONTALBAN *&SEE TUCUPIDO DE GUANARE | MONTALVAN NRAs SRA. DE LA APARICION DE LA CORTEZA |

**SEE MONTALBAN *ESEE APARICION

MORCTURO | PASCUA MORRONCITC *xSEE VALLE DE LA PASCUA |

MORON | NRA. SRA» DE LA ASUNCION DEL VALLE DE LA *kSEE GUANARE VIEJO NRA. SRA. DE LA ASUNCION DEL VALLE DE LA MORRCNES PASCUA *XSEE GUANARE VIEJG ¥*SEE EL VALLE

| NRA. SRA. DECARACAS-CANDELARIA LA CANDELARIA | a| --N-HESEE NRA. SRA. DE LA CARIDAD DE LAS TINAJAS _ NAGUANAGUA | *kSEE NAIGUATA NRAs SKA. DE LATINAJAS CONC. DE TARIA

NAYGUATA KSEE TARIA #& SEE NATGUATA NRAs SRA. DE LA IMCDA. CONC. DE GUAIGUAZA NIRGUA KSEE GUATGUAZA

NRA. SRA. DE ALTAGRACIA DE CURAKIGUA NRA. SRA. DE LA INIESTRA DE MARASMA,

#XSEE CURARIGUA VALLE DE CAPAYA

NRA. SRA. DE ALTAGRACIA DE IGUANA KSEE CAPAYA | **SEE IGUANA NRA. SRA. DE LA MERCED DE LCS ARENALES NRA. SRA. DE ALTAGRACIA DE ORITUCO *K&SEE ARENALES |

*¥kSEE ALTAGRACIA DE ORITUCO NRA. SRA. DE LA MERCED DE RIO CHICO NRA. SRA. DE ALTAGRACIA DE CUIBOR €xSEE RIG CHICG : | #KSEE QUIB30R NRA. SRA. DE LA PAZ DE GUANARITO

NRA. SRA. DE ALTAGRACIA Y DEL SeNOR SAN *XSEE GUANARITO

| : JOSE DE CURTEPS | NRA. SKA. DE LA VICTORIA DE NIKGUA

NIRGUA | NRA.*kSEE SRA. DECURIEPE BARBACOAS**SEE NRA. SRA. DE LOS ANGELES - *KSEE BARBACGAS DE LOS LLANGS #XSEE LOGS ANGELES

NRA. SRA. DE BARQUISIMETS NRA. SRA. DE LOS ANGELES Di SETENTA

| *ASEE BAR QUISIMETO *xSEE LOS ANGELES DE SETENTA

NRA. SRA. DE BEGONA DE NAGUANAGUA NRA. SRA. DE LOS DOLORES DE TOCUYITO |

¥%SEE NAGUANAGUA *xSEE TOCUYITS -

ee APPENDIX Be=MASTER PARISH WAME FILE Ce 147 °°

NRA.MACARAG SRA. DE2MACARAD |RAFAEL Co | ONCTO a Be| a_-#4SEE oe **SEE SAN DE ONOTO NRA. SRA. DE MARIARA QRACHICHE) oo oC

MARTARA 22 222 2 2 2 2 _ #ESEE | URACHICHE oeSe Be ., *eSEE NRA.**SEE SKA. DE MONTALBAN 2 GRITUCO ee MONTALBAN = =. | KSEE ALTAGRACIA DE GRITUCG a

, NRA. SRA. DE VALENCIA ORITUCO a es MKSEE VALENCIA OT ®*XSEE SAN RAFAEL DE ORITUCO

NRA. SRA. DEL BUEN CONSEJO DEL MAMGN ORTIZ ee Oo a |, *xSEE CONSEJQ = OSPINO oeoe ,| NRA. SRA. EL DEL CARMEN DE BANCGE LARGO | / |0- oe

, **SEE BANCO LARGO — eed cate oe a, aoe — NRAL SRA. DEL CARMEN DE BURIA RESEE | BURTA _ ae - PACAIRIGUA - oo ae a

NRAS SRA. DEL PILAR© DE, aARAURE RRSEE GUATIRE a,, ee — **SEE ARAYRE PANAQUIRE = = OC oe ne ~oe NRAs SRA. DEL ROSARIOa DE ALTAMIRA PAC a Oe . **eSEE ALTAMIRA *kSEE FEL PAO en NRA. SRA. DEL ROSARIG DE ANTIMANO | PARACOTOS ' _— SEE CANTIMANG es PARAISO DE CHABASQUEN Sn NRA’ SRA» DEL ROSARIG DE BARUTA KSEE CHABSASQUEN ae

-- --NRAs KSEE PARAPARA SRA.BARUTA DEL ROSARIO ” DEaCASIGUA ~ PASCUAareaa ,_

; HESEE CASIGUA SEE VALLE DE LA PASCUA © Cn NRA. SRA. DEL ROSARIO DE CHIQUINQUIRA = = PATANEMOQ ©2000 — AREGUE re PAYARA — ee Be NRA.RKSEE SRA. DEL ROSARIO DE GUIGUE , PETARE Oe ,NRA. SRA. DEL ROSARIO DE HUMOCARD BAJO — RESEE ARAURE 2 OO _— KSEE HUMICARO BAJG - PUERTO CABELiLO re > NRA. SRA. DEL ROSARIO DE LA VEGA PUERTO CABELLO, CASTILLO ee

— aESEE GUIGUE PILAR oe a

aOo¥eSEE LA VEGA Se ee | *eSEE MARACA re oe NRA. SRA. DEL ROSARIO DE MARACA © ee ——Q== , , .

NRA. SRA. DEL CUA ROSARIO DE—QUIBOR MARIN. a QUARA| eT oo 7OO oe RESEE oe Oo NRA. SRA. DEL ROSARIO DE TAGUAI © _ Sn 7 !

— *ESEE TAGUAD eR re ,

NRA. SRA. DEL SOCORRO DEL2 TINAQUILLO - oe Bcre OS, , — RESEE 6TINAQUILLO 2-2 — RASTRO oo NRA. SRA» DEL SGMBRERO ee= **SEE ELCHICO RASTROa an OS |Oo *#SEE EL SOMBRERO = |. RIC - Oc

NRA’ SRA] DEL TOCUYO) RIO DEL TOCUYO © Bn re | oo HHSEE EL TOCUYG. = ———s—s—sSR SAAR —NRAs SRA. DEL VALLE DE CAUCAGUA KSEE ANTIMANO

KSEE «6CAUCAGUA — RCOSARIG a

NRA. SRAs DEL VALLE DE LA PASCUA.) , **%SEE ALTAMIRA a oo / - #RSEE VALLE DE LA PASCUA. ROSARIO DE BARUTA 2 , - NRO. SR. JOSE DE LA SABANA CE CARUAD _ KSEE BARUTA 2 7 ,

Se Oo SEE CASIGUA | re Qe, ,CS BnSO ROSARIO DE GUIGUE ,|:. **SEE GUIGUE ~ a —— — - KSEE CARUAQ , ee «ROSARIO DE CASIGUA ee

i OCUMARE 7 7 ROSARIG HUMOCARO BAJO ~ ee SEE OCUMARE DEL TUY | DE / - -*KSEE HUMOCARO BAJQ ss a:

, _ QCUMARE De LA COSTA DE LA VEGA - =|, OQCUMARE DEL TUY re—ROSARIO ns oe H&SEE LA VEGA

148 APPENDIX B--MASTER PARISH NAME FILE

ROSARIO DE MARACA SAN FERNANDO DE APURE *&SEE MARACA SAN FERNANDO DE CACHICAMG

*kSEE CUA #*SEE OSPINO |

ROSARIO DE MARIN SAN FERNANDO DE OSPINO

KSEE TAGUAL ¥SEE COJEDES

ROSARIU Dé TAGUAI 7 SAN FRANCISCO DE ASIS DE COJEDES

—-S-**SEE NAIGUATA | SABANA DE CARUAG *&SEE CAMATAGUA SAN FRANCISCO DE ASIS DE NAIGUATA |

SAN FRANCISCO DE CAMATAGUA

KSEE CARUAG SAN FRANCISCO DE CARA

SABANA DE OCUMARE SAN FRANCISCO DE TIZNADOS

*xSEE SCUMARE DEL TUY SAN FRANCISCO DE YARE SABANETA | SAN FRANCISCO DEL VALLE DE CATA | i SAN AGUSTIN DE GUACARA #*kSEE CATA *KSEE GUACARA SAN FRANCISCO DEL VALLE DE MORON SAN ANTONIO DE LAS COCUIZAS *%SEE MORON | | SAN ANTONIO DE LOS ALTOS SAN FRANCISC2 JAVIER DE AGUA DE CULEBRAS SAN ANTONIO DE LOS NARANJOS DE HUMUCARC *kSEE AGUA CULEBRAS | ALTG SAN FRANCISCO JAVIER DE ARAGUITA | **SEE HUMOCARD ALTO *HSEE ARAGUITA SAN ANTONIO DE PADUA DE HUMCCARC ALTO SAN FRANCISCO JAVIER DE LEZAMA

*#*SEE HUMOCARD ALTC *kSEE LEZAMA. |

SAN ANTONIO DE PADUA DE JUJURE SAN GABRIEL DE CHAGUARAMAL

*KSEE TUREN #kSEE CHAGUARAMAL |

SAN ANTCNIG DE PADUA DE LAS COCUIZAS SAN GENAROG DE BOCONG

#kSEE SAN ANTONIO DE LAS CCCUIZAS **SEE BOCOND ! |

SAN ANTONIO DE PACUA DE TUREN SAN GERONIMO DE GUAYABAL _ ,

*ESEE TUREN **SEE GUAYABAL.

SAN ANTONIO PAOQUA DE LOS GuaYas SAN HILARIO DE TEMERLA

*kSEE LOS GUAYCS *&SEE TEMERLA

SAN BARTGLOME DE MACUTO SAN IGNACIG DE LOYOLA DE CABRUTA

KSEE CARASALLECA #xSEE CABRUTA SAN CARLOS SAN JAIME SAN CARLOS DE AUSTRIA SAN JAVIER

*ESEE SAN CARLOS **SEE AGUA CULEBRAS SAN DIEGO DE ALCALA SAN JAYME SAN DIEGO DE ALCALA DE LA SABANA DE ¥kSEE SAN JAIME

OCUMARE SAN JERONIMD DE BARBACOAS *KSEE OCUMARE DEL TUY *#*SEE BARBACOAS DE LOS LLANOS

SAN DIEGO DE LOS ALTOS | SAN JERCNIMO DE COCOROTO

SAN FELIPC *kSEE COCOROTE

SAN FELIPE DE BARBACOAS SAN JOAQUIN DC CARABOBD #XSEE BARBACOAS DEL TOCUYO #xSEE SAN PEDRO ,

SAN FELIPE DE PUERTO CABELLO SAN JORGE DE BURERITO - -*ESEE PUERTO CABELLO, CASTILLG “*KSEE BURERITO

SAN FELIPE DE TUCURAGUA SAN JOSE

*XSEE TUCURAGUA SAN JOSE DE APURE

SAN FELIPE NERI DE LOS TEQUES SAN JOSE DE APURITO : *kSEE LOS TEQUES SEE APURITO SAN FELIPE NERI DE LUS VALLES DE CHUAG Y SAN JOSE DE CAGUA

SEPE “SEE CAGUA | SEE CHUAC SAN JOSE DE CANOABO

| SAN FELIPE NERI DEL GUAPS *&SEE CANOABD 4*SEE EL GUAPO SAN JOSE DE CARAYACA

SAN FELIPE, MITAD DE (1) #KSEE CARAYACA SAN FELIP®, MITAD DE (2) SAN JOSE DE CARUAD **SEE CARUAO

, APPENDIX B-=-MASTER PARISH NAME FILE 149 | SAN JOSE DE CHACAC | | SAN MIGUEL DE ACARIGUA |

*xSCE CHACAS | #KSEE ACARIGUA

SEE CHIVACOA *eSEE BURIA | |

SAN JUSE DE CHIVACOA 7 So SAN MIGUEL DE BURTA | ,

SAN JGSE DE CURIEPE MIGUEL CAICARA KSEE CURTEPE #ESEE SAN CAICARA DELDE ORINUCO © -

SAN JOSEGUAMA DE GUAMA | SANCUBIRO MIGUEL DE CUBIRO | xESEE KESEE

, SAN JGSE DE LEONISA DE CUNAVICHE _ SAN MIGUEL DE LA BCCA DEL TINACG |

KSEE CUNAVICHE | *xSEE BAUL

SAN JOSE DE MAPUEY | SAN MIGUEL DE LOS AYAMANES #ekSCE SAN JOSE - #*SEE AYAMANES | SAN JOSE DE MARACAY | SAN MIGUEL DE TRUJILLU x&SEE MAR ACAY SAN MIGUEL DE TURIAMO SAN JOSE DE PUERTO CABELLO **xSEE TURTAMO

KSEE PUERTO CABELLO SAN MIGUEL DEL VALLE De ARGA SAN JOSE DE SIQUISIQUE *eSEE ARDA | ¥ESEE STQUISIQUE | SAN MIGUEL DEL VALLE DE TURIAMO. | SAN #kSEE JOSETACATA DE TACATA akSEE TURIAMO ~~ 7 | | SAN NICOLAS DE BARI DE LOS CANIZOS

«SAN JOSE DE TIZNADOS , *KSEE LOS CANIZOS

| SAN JUAN BAUTISTA DE CARGRA | SAN NICOLAS DE BARI DE SARARE | =

*KSEE CARORA , *KSEE SARARE _ KSEE DUACA eKSEE EL RASTRO

SAN JUAN BAUTISTA DE DUACA SAN NICOLAS DE BARI DEL RASTRO. SAN JUAN BAUTISTA DE ESPINO | SAN NICOLAS DE TOLENTINO

4*SEE ESPINO | SAN PABLO : OS 4xSEE BOR BURATA SAN PEDRO SAN JUAN BAUTISTA DE GRACHICHE _ SAN PEDRO ,

SAN JUAN BAUTISTA DE LA BORBURATA | *xSEE CARACAS-SAN PABLO

M*SEE URACHICHE *XSEE SAN PEDRO

SAN JUAN BAUTISTA DE PATANEMO SAN PEDRO ALCANTARA DE MARIA

*XSEE PATANEMO , *&SEE MARIA |

SAN JUAN BAUTISTA DE URACHICHE | SAN PEDRO APOQSTOL DE LA GUAIRA |

*ESEE URACHICHE *ESEE LA GUAIRA _ HxSEE EL PAO © **SEE EL CALVARIO ©

SAN JUAN BAUTISTA DEL PAO a SAN PEDRO DEL CALVARIO |

: *xSEE URAMA #xSEE ATAMAICA , SAN JUAN BAUTISTA Y SENOR SAN JOSe DE SAN RAFAEL DE LAS GUASGUAS | SAN JUAN BAUTISTA DEL VALLE DE URAMA SAN RAFAEL DE ATAMAICA -

TACATA | | *KSEE GUASGUAS RESEE TACATA | SAN RAFAEL DE ONOTO : SAN JUAN DE LOS MORROS , SAN RAFAEL DE QRITUCS | '

SAN JUAN DE PAYARA | | SAN SEBASTIAN DE LOS REYES *xSEE PAYARA SAN SEBASTIAN DE MAIQUETIA a SAN JUAN EVANGELISTA DE LA GUAIRA DE *kSEE MAIQUETIA | |

PARACOTOS | — SAN SEBASTIAN DE GCUMARE DE LA COSTA | | #KSEE PARACOTOS | *XSEE OCUMARE DE LA COSTA

*KSEE TAPIPA. ALPARGATON |

SAN JUAN NEPOMUCENG DE TAPIPA SAN VICENTE FERRER DEL VALLE DE

SAN LORENZO DE CHAGUARAMASSAN *xSEEXAVIER ALPARGATON **SEE CHAGUARAMAS | | oe | |

“#xSEE CABRIA SANARE | a || SAN LUIS DE CURA SANTA ANA DE SANARE *kSEE VILLA DE CURA &*xSEE SANARE | | _

SAN LUIS BELTRAN DEL VALLE DE CABRiA *&SEE AGUA CULEBRAS

| #*SEE ACHAGUAS ;

SAN MATEO SANTA BARBARA |

150 APPENDIX B--MASTER PARISH NAME FILE ee | SANTA BARBARA CE AGUA BLANCA SANTO TOMAIT DE GUACARRAMA

**SEE AGUA BLANCA **SEE GUADARRAMA | :

SANTA BARBARA DE APURE DE ARICHUNA SANTO TOMAS DE GUACARRAMA

**SEE ARICHUNA *¥*SEE GUADARRAMA |

| SANTA BARBARA DE ARICHUNA SANTO TOMAS DE TUCUPITDO a

**SEE ARICHUNA **SEE TUCUPTDO

**SEE GUARDATINAJAS SEPE | -

SANTA BARBARA DE GUARDATINAJAS SARARE

SANTA BARBARA DE LOS ACHAGUAS : **SEE CHUAD | R*SEE ACHAGUAS SIQUIST QUE a SANTA CATALINA DEEL QUARA SOMBRERO | | *xSEE QUARA | *#*SEE SCMBRERO SANTA CATALINA DE SENA DE PARAPARA

**XSEECLAKA PARAPARA . ~

| | PARISH NAME OREGICN NAMZ STATE NAME NUMBER GF RETURNS Oo

7 NAIGUATA — CEAST DeFe>ns NIRGUA | COA STRANGE YARACUY 15 | | - NAGUANAGUA =—~ or aed er a | | 4 eae Wed € i a . m4?) oe er.’ Oo U , oe | = \. , :;:: -.. an mee | wo fi. oN ; . : _ Ps | r ® . . ; . ° ers 4 Q { : ; . . |_—— So, : a. . 2 fy 7 7 — °. E JIBS ed's gf 7 , ,=8 HR. , s fon en. NT ? j :— | ae og 5g -{ aia a . , @ Oxy OO, C : Q yy ; . : | G 7 gw off SF I 3 Ss , | . = *¢ Ss / _ ‘ , ; 00°: . S, t ; Pn = ; . io) : cae Soh. aw . oO om? “ | \o) tne.) ew t oe ” ,:ao STN >| “ , 7 |; .|ate ,—age PES nor? OO OO | .AS ©oe5287, /say AS \ ! id a te : 7 . | BS ihe a a | | | — { — . . & Ws , a | , oo, 9% : S © . ; | re 7 ssi) = , 5 | a mo, , © @g Le ; g wt . ;.| .. .Oo 3]° =[S) f0\ .oO So-“x =ca;.. .; ; 0 . te) i cs a . .| ../ .a=wt— ! ©Vt © .o.we: cw} .. . : . . . ° ote : : @ . es 2H\8o © , ei , . ; : ; ® « weed +

e> I] : wend he re a | o = wo r= 2 gl. ay ni a. © o o a sO) | a) ® “2 ~o

1819 60.7 82.6 5605 114.3 59.7 100.0 49.2 14.3 18.24 84.4 166.7 200.0

- ee ee | oO PART TI=-TABLE 4 03430

| TABLE 4.) MALE/FEMALE RATIOS (CONTINUED) — Oo | | YEAR TOTAL M/F. 9 WHITE M/F INDIAN M/F PARDO M/F NEGRO M/F ss SLAVE: M/F | ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD

ss CABRIA OS | | | 1803 7162) 78.6 000) iT 2 780 0.0 0.0 040 0.0 |

1802 8648 222.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 88.0 222.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 © , 1808 98.5 130.0 0.0 060 0.0 0.0 10166 130.0 3363 0.0 0.0 0.0 |

— CABRUTA | | | a oe

1780 124.6 167-6 125.9 10566 125.0 100.0 6161 23303 100.0 0.0 533.3 1100.0 |

1806 94.9 150.0 92.3 0.0 94.6 135.7 110.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 |

a CAGUA 7 co a | |

1808 136.0 117.9 80.20 ~—6 O20 140.0 143.5 83.3 0.0 0.0 0.20 0-0 0.0 .

1810 115.6 111.0 141.7 166.7 108.2 124.5 153.8 55.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 | 1781 92.9 100.1 96.7 98.4 77.1 102.3 89.9 102.9 0.0 0.0 106.3 82.4 |

1802 68.4 101.7 5201 12168 7863 89.5 7765 9206 7504 11366 9464 103.7 (1803 80.6 «99.7 89.7 10568 100.0 133.3 7507 9400 3865 250.0 81.8 106.8 | 1804 68.7 102.8 73.6 Lliel 103.7 22924 5864 8765 67.5 1600.0 92.8 121.0 1805 81.5 106.5 74.3 11842 100.0 108.3 83.8 98.5 8464 93.3 86.1 128.8 | 1806 76.6 105.0 72.26 10963 79.3 136.4 7761 104.6 7168 All.1 8662 9322 1808 72.3 102.4 66.5 11465 91.4 128.6 7223 98.4 228.6 100.0 79.3 93.0

1809 72.1 99.3 68.3 100.7 121.7 140.0 70.2 924 80.0 150.0 7768 121.9 1811 74.2) 11764 «6665-8505 110.5 120.0 78.5 133.3 6960 100.0 6665 12006

(1815 5160 112.9 52.1 10769 6926 107.6 4364 9007 7104 92.9 71.2 182.4. 1816 72.3 117.9 «5362 11105 7307 118-9 97.0 9765 80.6 115.0 6965 17104 1817 54.3. 117.3 5403) 11103 7601 118.3 4562 9706 8504 112.0 Tlel 168.2 : 1818 «52.7 113.3 52.2 10869 66.1 L1Le1 44.4 94.1 = 8564 = 84207203 168.2 |

— CAICARA DEL ORINOCO | | re | | 1802 133.3 403.3 157.9 60.0 115.4 133.3 114.3 125.0 0.0 0.0 214.3 100.0

| CALABOZO oe - oe OS

1780 119.9 124.6 11962 12064 165.7 200.0 109.7 11326 124.2 146.2 134.8 154.5 —

1802 87e20 74.8) = 860573460 6607 7202 «8707 = 7702S 9363) 7006 9065 78 a 1803 86.9 «81-7 «= 86088204 «5501 7369 89464 82.5 84.3 75.7 89.0 8206

1804 87.7 83.9 8764 8165 5266 7622 90.0 8663 8521 8363 9146 83.9 1805 86.9 «85.7 «= 8703 8722 5606 8820 900.7 87-5 73.0 88.1 8769 bel 1807 88.6 91e2) 8707» 9404 590 8829 9342 919 BTeL «9042 8548 = BHT : 1808 90.1 87.7 93.9 88.0 77.8 92.3 88.5 91.5 106.2 83.3 85.6 75.6 1810 87.9 107.0 9765 9961 100.0 13343 9068 120.9 95.8 44.4 64.8 68.8

1812 66.9 ‘100.8 78.¥ ~—64d seb 7349 200.20 66.3 107.7 S7el 2520 47.9 60.0 1817 . 51.4 102.2 72.0 —6©1002.0 0.0. | 0.0 “4263 100.0 0-0 0.290 45.28 110.6 |

(1818 449.96663 82.9 77.9 6946)58.6 7702, 44056861 GB 0.0 1822 47.6 06000000 0.0 3664 0.00.0 0.029.4 48.665.3 66.7 |

344 PAKT TI--TABLE 4 TABLE 4. MALE/FEMALE RATIOS (CONTINUED)

YEAR TOTAL M/F WHITE M/F INDIAN M/F PARDO M/F NEGRO M/F SLAVE M/F

CAMAGUAN :

ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD

1780 133.6 121.9 108.0 225.0 $2.7 122.0 170-6 50.0 142.9 752.90 32924 144.4

| 1801 110.8 96-6 105.0 115.4 103.8 106.7 112.7 +=70.3 127.3 83-3 300.0 60.0 1802 112.9 $5.2 108.8 150.0 103.6 $3.9 114.8 72.1 136-4 66.7 300.0 66.7 1803 105.7 105.9 103.53 129.6 100.6 107.22 112.4 105.0 T227 44.4 187.5 85.7 1804 102.9 104.3 100.0 137.9 100.6 96.6 101.0 100.0 85.7 25-0 190.0 175.0 1812 9561 99.4 124.26 7728 87.9 7507 9524 134.4 85.27 200.0 68.8 0.0

CAMATAGUA | | | |

1817 91.1 88.6 $4.3 83-3 84.6 120.0 94.0 53.6 7401 75-0 107-7 150.0 1783 84.6 107.5 110.1 118.6 74.2 124.7 93.3 9424 75.28 95.5 74.22 103.6

1802 80.7 65.9 84.6 63.9 78.1 62.2 84.3 68.5 6562 68.9 87.9 719.5 1803 79.0 66.4 85.9 65.7 74.8 61.4% 19.28 71.9 64el1 69.4 87.0 80.8 1804 T6002 79.6 19.2 89.0 71.2 75.0 BO.7 67.2 77.21 83.3 71.3 91.8 1805 67.585.9 85.9 70-7 T0e4 74.8 74.286124 61.4 79.8 1928 71.9 71.9 64.1 87.0 84.5 1806719.20 79.0 67.5 64.1690% 69.4 87.0 84.5© 1808 1351.0 79.0 6745 79.8 71.9 64.1 87.0 57-1 84.5 1811 67.885.95 103.310.7 84.67428 134.36144 63.23 125.9 69.0 0.0694% 0.0 219.0

CANGAB®D |

1781 102.7 8628 177.8 83.3 0.0 0-0 104.6 91.5 0.0 0.0 69.2 1526 1788 93.8 £117.21 97-7 115.4 0.00.0 0.00.0 99.26 0.0 105.3 — 1802 71.1 872550.0 100.0 72-897.7 117.1 0.00.0 0.071.3 59.23 122.2. 1803 68.9 0.0 68-3 .0.00.0 0.062-2 63.5 160.0 131.3 1804 7024114.0 122.4100.0 108.3200.0 100.00.90 0.0 020 69.5 10944 119.1 0.0

1805 81.9 50.4 70.5 83.3 0.0 0.0 81.4 85.5 0.0 0.0 85.1 130.0 © 1808 95.9 89.0 93.8 78.3 0.0 0.0 99-4 107.0 85.7 3343 84.1 92-9 | 1809 96.2 97.1 94.23 113.6 0.0 0.0 99.0 93.8 88.9 110.0 88.3 92.0 1806 102.3 101.2 96.3 6362 020 0.9 111.3 103.3 85.7 7124 71.4 131.8

1810 77.25 90.1 83.5 87.5 133.3 0.0 75.1 93.6 91.3 66.7 1726 1723 1815 0.0 0.0 1817 81.7 89.1 98.3 88.8 114.3 118.8 166.7 66-7 40.0 66.7718.7 90.6 91.7 99.1 50.0 16.9 0.0 63.686.2 84.7100.0 81.0 1819 94.8 89.0 86.0 7323 125.0 0.9 92.8 94.4 133.3 7629 93.8 98.0 1820 94.9 89.5 86.7 80.0 125.90 0.0 92.9 94-5 130.0 77.8 93.8 98.0

: CAPAYA © 1784 89.3 101.0 2509.0 150.0 80.0 100.0 75.9 95.5 100.0 106.3 86.9 100.0 —

1802 94.6 86.3 575.0 0-0 85.5 133.3 6526 68.8 88.9 50.0 105.5 7721

1804 101.5 124.6 0.9 €00.0 88.0 180.0 8323 122.2 82.1 90.0 106.9 109.9

1805 92.6 9326 0.90 0.0 91.0 83.3 91.7 94.3 7628 90.23 90.6 95.8 1806 105.2 134.1 0.0 0.0 93.8 100.0 95.0 128.6 106.9 95.21 109.1 156.7

1807 99.8 154.0 142.9 0.0 100.0 133.3 99.1 119.3 122.2 119.0 96-3 195.1 1808 91.4 154.0 142.9 0.0 95.1 133.3 99.1 119.3 122-2 119.0 82-9 195.21

1809 87.3 93.7 0.0 0.0 64.8 90.6 97.0 125.0 80.9 96.22 87.1 90.3

PART ITI--TABLE 4 345 TABLE 4. MALE/FEMALE RATIOS (CONTINUED)

YEAR TOTAL M/F WHITE M/F ANDIAN M/F PARDO M/F NEGRO M/F SLAVE M/F

ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILO AOULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD |

1811 91-1 92.9 109.9 88.9 154.5 200.0 95.4% 66.7 71.4% 1812 4509.0 400.0 93.7 42.9 115.886.0 72299328 121.2 7329 60.097.5 95.5101.5 105.9 1817 76.6. 86.0 142.9 50.0 72.7 76-9 5728 105.4 47.6 12.5 91.5 1818 83.7 100.0 175.90 50.0 76-9 123.1 53.0 125.0 14.1 8765 102.5 86.9 88.0 1819 176.9 73.8 114.3 150.0 $2.9 71.4 63.1 13.6 43.26 140.0 87.8 68.0 1820 81.0 84.24 142.9 133.3 84.1 91.7 64.1 9764 $223 160.0 88.2 ¢0.7 CARABALLEDA.

1804 103.7 128.3 120.4 146-7 81.9 91.7 85.5 137.25 00 0.0 116.9 13524 CARACAS—ALTAGRACIA

1796 59.8 86.8 61.5 38.0 0.0 0.0 60.0 85.0 6946 717-6 | 53.40 92.9

1802 5324 133.4 68.7 153.3 59-1 40.0 51.0 138.7 41.9 16.6 40.6 133.8 1803 55.3 98.8 66601 9469 3343 133.3 53-2 11524 42.3 5721 48.5 100.0 1804 55.0 BO22 71.1 102.3 22.6 58.3 51.9 14.7 37.56 70.1 44.6 69.6 1805 532-56 119.2 61.1 120.9 3729 1752-0 57.5 122.7 4604 108.1 41.7 104.8 1807 5222 81.9 60-7 115.0 27-3 400.0 56.4 67.0 41.3 66.7 3929 85.7 1808 51.3 154.5 58.6 39526 85.051.9 40.39602 78.0 38.9 38.6 112.6 1810 53.8 9401 77.0 60-2 60.5 101.9 102.4 27.28 35-3 185.7 5467 89.29 1811 47.7 102.3 61-1 120.8 41.2 0.20 42.9 89.7 3764 115.8 41.7 101.2 1815 54.7 103.4 50.1 75.0 28.6 150.9 42.5 124.5 121.8 116.7 64.8 140.0 1816 46.5 118.1 54.24 104.2 71.4 0.0 41.7 132.8 28.6 89029 4324 13604 1817 44.2 91.4 44.9 114.1 9.0 200.0 4426 8224 48.7 68.4 3924 70.6 1818 40.38 94.8 47.26 95464 4724 20.0 30.8 101.4 2566 85.7 59.0 $2.0 1819 47.5 95.9 56.8 $6.1 3725 87.5 39.7 97.26 3203 120.20 &7.9 85.20

CARACAS-CANDELARIA | | | , 1800 64.8 92-3 79.6 6526 37.5 100.0 5164 88.8 59.46 81.3 66.0 174.4 1802 89.4 3463 41.1 250.0 1803 68.1 64.8 9322 36.9 714.3 12.4 B5-8 9049 67.1 66.789.8 782460.5 51.65220 66.76622 61.012342 120.4 (1805 62.8 90.1 72.6 $320 44.0 133.3 5724 1329 47-1 119.0 73.5 117.0 1806 67.3 852 7325 90.2% 56.1 60-0 62-9 69.5 51.2 88.0 81.2 127.5 1808 61.1 96.9 70.6 83.7 51.2 37.5 5526 104.7 65.8 81.8 57e7T 113.2, 1809 60.8 106.1 7327 99.3 39.2 550.0 53-9 105.6 52.9 93.3 64.2 111.7 1811 49.5 93.2 55.28 850% 5422 100.9 4229 8909 4304 13024 55-9 112.8 1815 3628 97.26 3525 101.2 26.7 75.20 40.7 9502 39.4 96.7 2921 100.0 1316 374386.9 582154.5 48.9 109-6 140.0 58.0 30.20 | 1817 51.7 75.0 58.658.8 116.7 43.363.3 19268324 57.8 63.20 106.1 86.7 68.9 102.3 1818 41.9 114.9 5428 98.9 79.0 150.9 3523 13726 3629 110.0 45.8 89.3 1819 44.9 114.0 3061 93.8 %6.2 75.0 40.1 127.0 41.9 9026 5225 127.3 1820 51.7 94.9 60-2 110-0 20.0 £90.20 46.7 8524 37.7 8567 63.2 108.0 1821 4229 107.9 502-3 107.4% 66.7 #4®0-40 3820 110.7 3626 92.9 4741 106.61

| 346 PART IJ--TABLE 4 TABLE 42 MALE/FEMALE RATIOS (CONTINUED) :

YEAR TOTAL M/F WHITE M/F INDIAN M/F PARDO M/F NEGRO M/F SLAVE M/F

ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD

CARACAS-CATEDRAL ORIENTE | 1801 58.2 58.1 84.38 32.4% 73)37.2 28.9 100.0 100.0 5302 54.7 82.7 45.8 80.0 95.7 1802 93.7 87-0 115.8 93.6 42.8 5620127.3 89.5 42.9 1803 6022 110.2 386-3 104.8 9.2 33.3 51.3 118.8 52.3 57el 48.8 118.4% 1804 89.4 89.4 109.89124 82252525 22.5100.0 0.0 58.2 87.551.3 44.41307 82.9 1805 6324 62.5 82.8 56.8111.5 87.951.4% 47.5 4525 1807 5521 87.5 19.8 86.2 31-3 50.0 42.0 84.7 35.28 150.0 5202 87.9 1811 61.4 9729 82.5 89.4 353.43 0.0 64.2 103-0 191.1 150.0 3622 9226 1815 37-1 94.6 43804 L107.¢ 31.6 0.0 31.6 106.3 35.6 75.0 33.21 13.8 1816 68.5 99.0 91.2 712.9 7323 1409.V 72.25 91.8 75.26 148.0 90.4 79.8 1817 38.4 103.2 4428 111.0 39.2 75.0 33.2 102.7 40-2 100.0 3625 96.4 1818 47.8 92.6 63.9 131.21 50.0 61.5 44.9 14.5 39.7 1202 3647 98.6 | 1819 45.0 112.8 5926 1062.1 65.0 133.3 34-7 112.0 36.5 220.0 43.5 113.1

CARACAS-CATEDRAL PONIENTE | 1802 66.2 98.6 105.2 115.8 50.9 200.0 55.8 88.8 47-1 127.3 52-8 87.8 1803 10.5 97-0 109.4 108.0 67.5 50.0 59.2 9302 67-6 112.5 54.8 91.4 1807 69.2 9528 104.5 101.1 46.2 388.9 63.1 90.6 60.0 117.6 5225 92.9 1808 70.0 97-6 117.6 89.2 50.0 85.7 5626 117.0 6622 11225 51.8 86.1 1810 98.7 110.9 61.4 117.8 5526111.6 87.0 1811 710.9 66.0 108.3 104.6 $7.9 116.17504 56.1150.0 85.7 55-9 114.0 51.0 48.6 50.20 58.6 5221 1815 37.9 77.28 5925 85.5 3728 73.3 2923 737 4924 6225 19.0 69.6 1816 7721 126.6 73-3 115-6 55.6 20.0 103.2 115.4 89.3 126.0 58.2 159.41 1817 49.0 94-1 70.8 108.7 43.2 100.9 3924 85.6 5220 85.0 34.0 86.2, : 1818 57.9 97.8 87.5 107.8 26.1 200.0 35.6 89.6 44.6 107.7 53.9 85.9 1819 48.7 89.1 7629 1022.3 21.4 60.0 29.5 7925 3728 136.4 43.0 7324 1822 37.1 19.9 55.21 G7.) 25.8 T7721 3725 12.5 3602 1520 2925 64.9

CARACAS-CURATO CASTRENSE : 1803 2595.0 1544 5091.7 10.7 020 0.0 142.9 300.0 0.0 0.0 44.9 66.7

| 1804 318.3 78.7 538.6 75.90 0.0 0.9 180.0 0.0 66.7 0.0 50.6 100.0 1805 412.1 365.6113.2 98.2 507.9 503.793.8 $7.8066.7 14.3 0.0 0-0559.8 252.6167.7 100.026.7 0.00.0 0.049.6 47.6100.0 87.5 1807 1809 327.9 9404 441.29 $4.6 14.3 0.0 348.7 75.0 50.0 5020 6627 150.0 1810 369.5 92.2 533.3 $520 14.3 0.90 50.0 0.0 56.7 0.0 61.5 81.8

) 1799 CARACAS-SAN PABLO : 62.7 64.8 8204 82-6 2421 25.90 56.9 41.8 61.3 77.8 $47.0 84.4 |

1811 260.8 134.5 424.2 162.1 1822 60.8 66.0 66.7 6245 100.0 150.0 100.0 59.7 53.7 67.5 63640-0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1823 68.4 72.3 83.3 80.0 112.5 1828 68.3 7666 990.0 120.0 112.5 150.0 59.7 6745 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1829 71.300 7364 «= 8567 = Bo T «7703 5000 §= 2 800 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 (1831 85.6 73.0 73.0 84.6 85.7 5701 57.1 80.8 75.0 83.9 75.0 200.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1832 85.4 80.8 75.0 83.6 75.0 150.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 || 1834 183385.9 83.078.8 78.390.9 90.083.3 0.0 95.7 87.5 72.7 72.783-1 79.381.0 90.07164 100.07144 60.0060 0.00.40 0.0 1835 88.9 8326 85.7 62.5 $0.0 80.0 90.6 90.2 77.8 77.8 0.0 0.0 1836 90.2 90.2 85.5 84.8 85.7 86.7 80.0 62.5 $4.4 93.9 88.9 93.8 92.9 90.8 86.7 86.76667 80.0 80.0 80.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1837 1838 92.0 83.3 85.7 80.0 92.7 85.7 95.7 87.0 7520 66.7 0.0 0.0 CARAYACA

1802 118.7 116.5 130.6 123.3 100.0 50.0 120.8 150.0 134.9 10529 104.9 108.3 1804 132.2 120.3 129.4 180.0 100.0 100.0 144.7 154.5 15667 12164 12605 96.9

1805 119.1 105.7 115.6 138.5 145.5 0.0 118.2 84.8 103.6 100.0 124.0 108.8 1807 119.1 105.7 115.6 138.5 145.5 0.0 118.2 84.8 103.6 100.0 124.0 108.8 1808 119.1 105.7 115.6 138.5 145.5 0.0 118-2 8468 103.6 100.0 124.0 108.8 1809 119.1 105.7 115.6 138.5 145.5 0.0 118.2 84.8 103.6 100.0 124.0 108.8 1810 119.1 105.7 115.6 138.5 145.5 0.0 118.2 84.8 103.6 100.0 124.0 108.8 — 1811 124.5 110.6 108.3 138.5 145.5 0.0 108.2 9063 115.8 114.3 140.9 111.8 1817 104.2 114.2 120.8 107.1 0.0 0.0 104.2 107.0 78.0 200.0 104.3 125.0 1818 106.0 101.8 93.0 11362 500.0 50.0 94.1 9765 20767 66.7 13566 1042 1819 117.9 78.3 108.2 84.8 0.0 200.0 118.8 73.7 11128 66.7 11965 71.29

| 1820 101.2 102.4 84.5 86.8 150.0 300.0 99.1 83.3 125.0 125.0 117.2 15348 1833 63.5 76.7 6868 110.3 43.5 64.3 63.0 7200 6667 7507 6269 6701 — -CARDRA

1802 1803 63.0 64.1 98.6 99.9 71.9 61.4 75.0 75.7 25.0 47.8 300.0 300.0 62.0 64.794.0 96.153.4 54.911566 117.5 73.3 71.2 134.5 126.5 1804 65.3 98.3 61.0 72.0 39.3 150.0 65.7 9502 5965 97.7 75.0 14522 1809 61.7 9403 63.2 85.0 45.5 75.0 59.8 90.9 67.0 92.3 80.3 12761 1815 62.8 112.6 5002 120.0 42.9 0.0 66.1 10925 111.1 127.3 3925 175.0

CARUAD | | CASIGUA | CATA | |

1811 88.2 36.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 107.9 100.9 50.0 0.0 84.0 23.9 — 1815 104.7 110.2 0.0 020 50.0 0.0 200.0 060 1463 1211-1 110.3 114.6 1780 94.7 90.8 89.5 95.3 115.8 60.0 79.1 988.7 114.3 87.7 119-5 93.40

1803 104.2 70.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 90.7 100.0 107.1 51.6 —

PART ITI==-TABLE 4 349

7 | TABLE 4. MALE/FEMALE RATIOS (CONTINUED) YEAR TCTAL M/F WHITE M/F INDIAN M/F PARDO M/F NEGRO M/F SLAVE M/F

ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD

CAUCAGUA |

1804 101.4 71.4% 0-0 100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 92.0 95.5 106.6 545 1805 98.2 6722 0.0 50.20 0.0 0.90 90.9 77.8 91.0 $229 99.3 54-5 1784 108.8 120.4 i00.0 105.9 76.4 146.7 111.3 105.0 127.9 85.7 110.6 130.0

1802 85.5 105.6 114.8 63258 8224 55.6 77.2 125.0 90.1 121.7 85.0 110.7 © 1803 93-6 106.9 134.6 50.0 70.0 66.7 97-2 128.6 87.0 133.3 94-4 106.8 1804 £93.25 9223 121.4 55.6 7721 66.7 102.7 85.3 86.28 83.9 9322 99.4 ©

1805 96.4 94.8 154.5 71.4 79.1 65.0 108.1 105.7 87.0 824 95.0 992% 1807 97.2 91-4 157.7 28.6 90.9 842 93.4 91.4% 87.2 91.9 96.6 94.7 1808 98.8 167.5 134.5 (3343 56.9 125.0 125.25 86.7 110.9 111.1 96-8 1922 1809 94.9 90.0 121.4 50.0 90.3 68-4 100.0 71.44 15.28 85.7 $6.0 94.7

1812 19.3 16.6 99.3 44.4 72.7 7124 71.1 82.5 80.0 5020 82.2 81.1

1816 19.3 97.8 lli.l 108.3 5644 90.9 54.2 74.3. 64.4% 175.0 8607 101.7 1817 73-0 91.2 72-7 #+$128.6 51.4% 62.5 53.22 84.4 37.0 87.5 83.8 94.6 1818 14.4 83.6 $6.2 140.09 41-1 34.8 57.5 95.8 23.5 133.3 86.0 86.9 1819 7424 9525 111.8 142.9 5524 90.0 60-4 10527 61.5 85-7 80.0 91.5 1820 73.1 102.3 8024. 55.26 50.0 120.0 63.3 102.1 55-6 125.0 81.2 105.5 CERRITO

1779 84.6 99.3 95.4 C6.9 822 87.0 81.5 103.6 66.7 0.0 67.9 1323

CHABASQUEN | |

1803 81.1 69.9 73.6 88.0 81.4 65.1 83.3 8604 100.0 100.0 7728 166.7 1804 81.3 67.28 7525 77268 81.3 63-42 84,1 8424 66.7 200.0 88.9 166.7 1805 81.4 69.5 73.7 860.2 81-7 6426 85.0 86.0 50.0 150.0 90-0 125.0 1806 82.2 64.566.9 84.384.7 84.24% 40.0 150.0 1808 81.8 B1.168.5 73.97540 66.780.0 111.1 61.6 111.4 160.0 0.0100.0 50.080.0 0.0 1809 81.5 73.0 5029 50.0 82-3 6961 76.7 90-6 100.0 0.0 133.3 0.0 1812 101.1 107.0 110.0 115.8 61.1 87.5125.0 80.0 114.8 250.0 125.0 140.0 75.0 150.071.4 75.0 0.0 1815 108.8 97.5 94.6 90.5 88.1 160.0 100.0 1816 87.6 118.9 61.1 187.5 104.8 109.1 60.7 157.29 66.7 7520 37.25 0.0 1817 87.6 125.0 66.7 233.23 101.2 111.1 64.7 166.7 77.3 75.0 33.3 0.0 1818 87.6 125.0 66.7 233.23 101.2 111.1 64.7 166.7 77.23 75.0 33.3 0.0 1819 17290 58.7 57-1 5425 88.4 51.7 58.7 81.1 50.0 125.0 16.7 0.0 1820 77.0 67.29 380.3 64.6 80.1 63.1 65.9 7927 100.0 0.0 33.3 0.0 1829 8624 121.6 93-6 138.1 81.6 116.7 104.9 132.9 62-0 107.4 50.20 0.0

CHACAD |

1802 100.3 99.6 86.0 i02.-9 115.0 20.0 103.7 932 82.0 128-66 1226 91.8 1803 99.7 109.5 90.5 89.2 65.7 120.9 93-1 131.9 78.4 136.7 130.2 104.7 1804 101.5 110.7 64.7 1Li2z.5 85.0 50.0 $3.6 105.7 87.0 140.0 134.2 104.9 1805 97.0 105.3 89.2 100.0 90.9 100.0 82.9 112.3 81.7 122.2 125.8 98.7 1808 107.6 100.7 102.5 93.22 300.0 0.0 100.0 126.3 118.0 93-1 108.8 101.0

350 PART TI--TABLE 4 TABLE 4. MALE/FEMALe RATIOS (CONTINUED)

YEAR TCTAL M/F WHiTé M/F INDIAN M/F PARDO M/F NEGRO M/F SLAVE M/F

ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD

1811 92.2.5 108.0 84.9 126.2 60.0 0.0 90.3 98.1 90-0 100.0 101.9 106.1 | 1815 66.3 93.1 5626 9628 118.2 50.20 62.0 97.8 15.0 9609 74.7 101.4%

1818 90.9 93.6 88.0 80.4 100.9 0.0 87-2 107.7 16.7 80.0 111.5 90.0 CHAGUARAMAL

1783 117.4 98.2 131.5 106.6 104.9 138.9 107.3 86.1 73e1 150.0 141.0 94.1 1804 115.1 102.3 141.2 91.9 154.8 150.0 102.0 110.6 150.0 6667 120.7 127.3

1805 95.21 77.3 73.1 76.5 88.2 53.3 87.5 81.4 118.2 6525 122.4 18.9 CHAGUARAMAS

1783 115.4 70.7 122.9 19.8 683.8 200.0 84.3 70.3 98-3 126.2 152.6 84.7. 1802 119.2 123.4 133.7 125.5 131.1 191.7 93.8 107-21 67.5 185.7 178.3 143.9 1803 125.3 107.5 134.1 168.8 106.5 400.0 111.8 79.21 0.0 0.0 145.5 138.8 1804 112.5 9729 135.7 159.6 105.9 3252.0 11222 19.7 0.0 020 94.5 904

1805 120.4 124-7 114-8 111.5 113.5 100.0 107.8 124.5 78.1 156.3 176.2 146.3 1808 109.2 116.2 114.4 116.3 G8.4 57.1 8527 120.1 115.238 16.3 193.8 162.5 1810 118.7 124.3 125.1 121.6 98.7 76.9 91.0 119.5 134.3 250.0 200.7 161.1 >

CHARALLAVE .

1783 100.6 115.9 92-5 109.1 107.3 121.6 8S.7 100.0 133.3 0.0 87.5 50.0 .

1802 105.7 103.7 101.9 86.2 111.0 117.9 111.7 82.6 117.9 183.3 69.7 5721 1803 102.6 111.0 9420 108.3 102.3 120.0 133.8 85.2 125.0 111.1 66.7 100.0. 1804 103.6 115.8 105-4 120.3 95.29 119.2 130.4 93-1 64.5 105.3 110.5 300.0 1805 100.2 96 .3 86.1 90.5 103.5 106.8 123.8 94-1 142.4 73-7 $104.2 133.3

1807 9628 116.7 83-4 114.5 97.23 139.4 130.8 83.3 107.4 $0.0 106.3 150.0 | 1808 101.1 83.0 92-4 $225 111.8 104.9 117.5 66.0 118.2 112.5 88.5 42.1 1810 101.9 117.64 93-7 125.0 1162.5 83.7 i145 160.90 69.2 633.3 T2el 75.20 1811 90.5 99.0 85-0 106.3 93.8 95.7 103.3 87.8 6225. 100.0 100.0 128.6 >

1815 19.5 94.26 78.5 $8.2 7923 96.8 82.5 84.3 87-5 110.0 10.6 69.2 1816 78.6 103.1 7301 S$&€.5 75.5 99.1 96-1 132.90 106.3 140.0 66.7 5323

1817 83.6 102.6 81.3 94.6 78.6 104.1 107.1 122.4 5526 100.0 57.21 63.6 | CHIVACDA

1782 1202 89.2 170.6 66.7% 689.7 G2.7 69.8 86.9 77.8 69.2 80.0 0.0 1802 73.3400.0 100.075.2 15.487.0 89.492.3 66.975.0 97.263-8 87.5102.9 125.0100.0 110.0200.0 33-3 18037329 70.9 390.8 98.0 68.0 1804 81.8 91.2 6825 140.0 $3.42 8726 71.0 98.9 7307 73-3 100.0 60.0 — 1805 68.8 102.1 713-3 166.7 64.8 134.6 1022 T7-2 0 0©=— 95 T 40.0 100.0 140.0 1807 1629 88.7 194% 5701 81-4 105.4 70.2 70.9 85.0 125.0 6326 66.7 | 1808 7521 98.8 69.8 40.0 7924 121.7 69.2 94.8 92.3 50.0 69-6 55.26 1809 72.21 85.1 1924 84.2 1124 105.3 1810 91.2 87.2 71.4 64.29 108.783.5 76.17301 75.983.3 95.589.7 60.5100.0 123.5 632242.9 71.4 1811 73.0 9425 67-6 100.0 75.6 94.22 4226 92.7 6726 103.7 68.4 83.3 1812 14.2 80.4 99.3 16.8 86-1 81.8 85. 91.7 54.3 69.1 98.198.8 7520 9623 94.4% 1815 111.1 73.7 98.0 1322 71.1 136.4 88.225.0 0.0

a | , PART II--TABLE 4 351 oo TABLE 4 MALE/FEMALE RATIOS (CONTINUED) | , , YEAR TOTAL M/F © WHITE M/F ANDIAN M/F ~ PARDO M/F NEGRO M/F SLAVE M/F | — ADULT CHILD ADULT CHItD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD

1816 90.6 93-6 7229 110.0 111.0 63.1 76.1 107-7 84.8 160.0 80.0 200.0 | 1817 81.5 938.9. 94.7. 83.35 1925 83.5 81.6 111.9 86.7 200.0 7728 - 020 1818 72.8 85.3 78.2 B2-i 65.1 80.7 16.7 83.7 87.9 152.9 7520 3343 | 1819 70.1 BTe2 73-6 8343 64256 84.3 72.6 83.5 81.8 147.4 85.7 50.0

CHORUNI 7 | | |

1802 83.2 91.2 106.7 388.0 98.1 80.9 aillel 173.371.4 712466.27 (66.77564 87.6 82-0 60.0 83.3 1803 113.2. 60.0 71-4 114.5 106.6 87.0 93.2 _a

1804 82.0 110.4 101.9 116.7 =%71.4 66.7 +=174-2 115.5 (10.6 71.4 108.9 7629 : 1805 7720 127.0 98.2 105.60 80.0 100.0 69.2 143.6 6627 150.0 93.3 95.0 1808 7523 113.4 105.23 116.7 3725 66.7 65-8 125-61 429 66.7 98.0 84.9 | 1809 86.9 118.4 94026 168.0 60.0 190.0 686.1 117.0 50.0 80.0 93-7 106.3

— CHUAU oO | ee , |

1819 53.5 90-6 45.7 300.0 0.0 0.0 6202 82.0 020 0+0 342.3 104.2

1802 95.1 80.9 £QO.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 300.0 133.3 0.0. 0.0 90.9 77.23 - 1804 1803 95.0 8 0.0 . 0.0 0.0 0.0 133.3100.0. 0.0 0.0 90.9 93.1 |—6m7B 102.1 #£=O0.0 0.0| 0.0 0.900.0 300.0 0.0 0.075.5 89.2 102.2

1805 82.4 114.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 020 50.0 16647 0.0 0.0 83.9 110.3 | | 1819 72.3 120.0 Ve0 0-0 £020 0.0 133.3 400.9 0.0 0-0 692-6 119.1

COCOROTE | oo | | Se

1781 66.1 122.0 7326 157.9 54.25 117.22 882-5 120.6 60.6 152.9 89.5 93.8

1788 62.2 106.8 1329 104.8 52.1 95.7 63-4 118.8 65.3 137.5 94.1 04.4 | 1791 = 64.9 83 24 6462 63.60 60.9 80.7 66.1 85.3 69.2 84.26 58.0 185.7

41794 622.8 9923 5927 120.6 55.3 94.1 63.9 104.6 79.6 68-4 7425 150.0 1802 65.1 109.0 —66409 | 96e2 60.2 108.9 66.5 117.9 57.7. 100.0 (65.2.6 75.0

1803 74.3 88.1 88.8 87.58 94.9 98.6 62.3 84.29 64.7% 120.0 91-1 80.0. , 1804 6942 $603 64637222 9865103.8 666565.1 100.9120.2 785772.7 176.0 67.9 65.5 75.0 552.6 | 180568.3 70.5105.7 113.1 84.38 117.6 180.0 1807 68.8 112-3 88.8 100.0 61.1 102.5 67-7 111.9 77-1 141.9 57-4 125.0 1808 69.0 109.4 67.3 96.3 66.9 111.8 63.2 98.8 8143 141.7 76.1 100.0 1809 75.22 126.3 £88.48 872.0 7324 178.3 69.5 112.2 80.6 116.7 7520 150.0. : 1811 7322 99.1 86.3 950.1 GB5e2 94.7 7124 102.4 74.28 111.8 86-4 14.3 1812 74.6 103.5 89.9 71.1 63.8 107.0 7328 129.7 76-5 89-1 116.0 100.0

1817 65.7 49.0 127.6 50.0 54.5 76.2 66.8 3343 73.3 56.3 42.9 33.3 1818 63.3 77.0 15.23 Y2el 4525 7628 1202 1924 0.0 0.0 88.2 63.6 | | 1820 6507 49.0 127.6 59020 54.25 1602 66.8 33.3. 7323 645563 4209 33.3 1821 60.1 101.4 £74.23 S206 55.8 112.5 60.5 98.4% 0.0 0.0 33.3 300.0

— COJEDES | oe | | | , : | |

1779 99.5 101.3 (107.3 |—6hdBG GC 9 BO 96.5 96.3 128.9. 020 0.0 400.0 0.0 | 1799 103.3 108.7 99.5 101.0 %93.2 126.4 91.8 94.9 872-5 120.0 228.6 130.0 1801 95.0 96.6 101.9 103.1 83.2 71.6 94.5 93.8 65.0 162.5 176.5 228.6 | 1802 92.21 107.6 93.3 125.46 684.9 105.8 91-2 93-8 150.0 100.0 113.0 117.4 1803 99.8 123.7 $5.8 125.4 689.0 141.6 11028 1074 100.0 0.0 111-1 138.9

352 PART II--TABLE 4 | . TABLE 42 MALE/FEMALE RATIOS (CONTINUED)

YEAR TOTAL M/F WHITE M/F INDIAN M/F PARDO M/F NEGRO M/F SLAVE M/F

ADULT CHILD: ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD

1804 99.7 118.5 96.7 $425 68.23 146.8 110-8 112.3 100.0 0.0 106.1 130.0 1805 108.9 120.1 100.5 115.7 85.22 149.3 137.0 100.8 66.7 0.0 139.0 145.5 1806 108.3 109.1 102.6 97.5 99.5 116.1 93.5 21807 104.184.4 106.6 112.2 90.1110.1 103.3101.6 114.3100.0 100.0 0.0 0.0 115.9 129.28133.3 84.8 1808 982-0 158-1 105.8 127.64 95.7 166.2 97-5 109.9 100.0 0.0 82.0 550.0 1809 97-7 107.23 83-1 114.5 160.0 113.6 101.8 88.6 50.0 0.0 130.2 159.3

1811 86.6 90.26 37.6 88.5 80.8 82.1 89.6 104.3 0.0 0.20 88.5 84.0 82.6 1812 86.5 83.7 96.28 87.21 78.2 72.1 91.4 95.9 0.0 0.0 92.6 1816 90.7 90.8 96.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 1817 85.8 84.2 85.1 83.5 97.8 97.8 90.5 92.3 76.6 7624173.6 71.3 85.8 0.0 94.5 94.5 85.2 92.0. 1818 83.4 83.2 99021 T2e2 6714690 = =—88427 86.7 83.1 0.0 0.0 87.5 92.9

1819 83.8 94.6 83.1 7728 j%@7.2 95el 93.2 104.5 55-6 116.7 87.0 87.5 1820 86.3 85.5 84.3 84.6 77.3 86.6 $424 89.8 69.2 120.0 116.0 65.5 1822 954% 86.0 9226 71923 932-5 83-1 95.28 89.8 107.7 120.0 122.2 #£=®78.9

1823 80.7 88.5 $5.1 8924 127.3 120.0 1824 92-1 84.5 85.2 862691.22 71.9 7629 89.5 8625 82.3 80.4 86.4 108.3 160.0T2e7 72.7 17.8 17.8

1831 87.5 86.8 929 64.25 8922 87.41 85.2 93.3 120.0 100.0 7520 0.0

1835 87.2 B6.2 92.7 1303 92-6 7629 80.4 97.7 150.0 83.3 100.0 0.0 | 1835 91.38 922289.4 90.578.8 85.7G3.5 94.4 94.2 89.9 90.1 1836 91.0 92.9 89.4 91.9 930185.7 85.71372-5 137.5 107.1 107.1 0.0 0.0 1837 95.8 91.95 89.4 82064 $9.2 91-7 £4$5.3 91.6 93-8 130.0 107.1 0.0 1838 94.5 91.1 B8el 82-4 99.1 90.7 $4.7 90.6 7520 130.0 107.1 0.0 CUA

1783 102.4 120.0 175.9 162.5 80.0 120.0 77-5 13128 10924 161.5 102.6 110.3 1803 100.1 102.1 148.4 145.5 118.0 109.4 81.5 136.7 108.5 122.6 97.0 81.5

1805 87.0 102.2 123.1 155.6 98.0 95.7 65.5 97.0 68.0 132.4 88.4 89.6 1810 93.6 105.23 132.2 142.9 87.7 71.7 87.0 124.7 106.7 88.6 87.2 101.0 1812 .90.0 120.9 89.6 105.3 71.4 7829 86.4 11344 381 69.2 99.5 213.3 1815 78.3 112.2 114.6 125.0 51.9 90.9 72.4% 109.7 86.0 128.6 7921 113.3 1816 14.8 95.7 99.2 105.4 55.7 103.6 1424 89.9 61.4 88.9 1507 97.8

1818 65.~f 94.1 117.6 91.8 104.8 85.4 1820 1209-1 89.9 146.2 70.4104.5 158.386.3 65-6105.1 132.745.28 76.7 77-4 134.8103.4 58.9 202.0 101.8 1821 111.7 86 26 80.0 78.9 92.0 75.0 113.90 83-3 127.3 5323 116.7 9223

CUBIRDO .

1802 97.4% 89.0 125.0 0.0 $128 86.0 100.0 5526 166.7 0.0 350.0 250.0

1803 104.2 80.0 0.00.0 0.00.0 100.4% 84.4 100.0 50.9 60.0 0.0 242.9 60.0 1804 105.2 68.1 98.8 73.0 100.0 50.0 0.0 0.0 360.0 50.0 | 1805 106.8 78.8 0.0 0.0 99.3 82-22 87.0 2202 53303 200.0 316.7 100.0 1806 103.3 80.3 020 0.0 9724 82.6 82.6 5526 06622520 =82002.0 285.7 571

1807 103.3 85.8 0.0 0.0 97.4 88.0 82.6 66.7 225.0 200.0 333.3 57el 1808 103.0 98.3 0.90 9-0 97-4 102.0 78.3 66.7 225.0 300.0 285.7 57.1 1809 1901.7 101.6 0.0 0-0 9724 105.4 60.9 66.7 22520 300.0 285.7 5721 1815 102.1 $5.8 0.0 0-0 98.6 97.1 91.7 160.0 250.0 300.0 114.3 12.5 1816 119.6 116.7 0.0 0.0 122.1 116.2 89.5 137.5 66.7 0.0 83.3 85.7

PART II--TABLE 4 353 TABLE 42 MALE/FEMALE RATIOS (CONTINUED)

YEAR TOTAL M/F WHITE M/F INDIAN M/F PARDO M/F NEGRO M/F SLAVE M/F |

ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILO ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD

1817 120.8 111.2 ~ 020 0.0 123.6 115.5 85.0 91.7 1520 66-7 100.0 100.0

1818 94.3 104.5 0.0 100.0 $4.8 91.9 76-3 350.0 100.0 200.0 133.3 0.0. 1820 96.6 96-1 0.0 100.0 98.1 83.56 76063 350.9 125.0 300.0 133.3 0.0 CUNAVICHE

CUPIRA | | ,

1784 106.2 118.3 1282.9 104.3 87.5 45.5 94.3 165.5 82.8 88.9 120.6 130.4 |

1802 90.4 120.9 110.2 68.8 200.0 40.90 640.2 13064 8309 152.6 120.0 225.0 | 1803 102.8 107.2 106.7 6225 260.0 33.3 820.5 11724 106.0 130.0 118.8 225.0. : 1805 89.4 126.4 $521 216.7 133.3 75.0 1504 61.1 78-6 145.0 127-6 220.0 1807 88.7 114.0 100.0 6$ei 745.0 100.9 80.3 88.2 80.9 168.4 121.4 90.0 1808 85.7 100.0 88.9 44.4 50.0 156.7 80.0 87.1 83-7 183.3 117.9 T2e7 1809 93-0 110.0 100.0 50-0 90.0 100.0 7620 124.0 102.1 176.9 118.5 42.9 | 1811 $5.5 84 24 88.2 27.23 100.0 81.3 862% Illl.l 103.4 146.7 100.0 41.2

CURARIGUA .

1802 43.21 110.3 115.2 146.2 100.0 60.0 8624 $3.5 108.3 112.3 6.5 200.0

1803 91.2 89.3 85.2 80-8 87.5 75.0 9024 87.5 84.7 91.6 245.5 150.0 1804 96.3 96-5 100.0 84.0 66.7 150.0 93.2 94.6 90.9 97-3 255.8 133.3 180599.7 94.0110.9 34.1 93.6 94.3128.6 81.5 83.3 71.4%96.2 860% 103.9 60.0 | 1806 72.7 107.7 80.063.2 98.891.2 111.9 230.0200.0 1506.0 1807 96.9 876589.7 118.22 125.0102.8 97.2581.3 81.396.9 98.8106.3 112.1.333.3 250.066.7 66.7 1808 96.1 109.0 97.8 88.9 87.073.7 125.90 1809 98.4 101.4 88.9 $6.6 78.9 190.0 98.5 7404 100.0 109.2 333.3 60.0.

1810 129.2 197.3 87.9 128.0 84.2 150.0 102.9 84.4 9964 108.6 3566.7 150.0

1817 86.2 9526 100.0 120.0 0.0 0.0 82.7 94.5 90.7 133.3 140.0 25.0 1818 78.7 103.0 7625 112.5 0.0 0.0 81.6 994 60.0 20020 100.0 3323

CURIEPE | |

1820 74.9 107.4 7192? 137.5 128.6 216.7 7227 105.26 5902 662.7 155.6 150.0

1784 93-6 104.6 215.4 150.0 366.7 0.0 T2e1 123.1 86.5 88.0 102.0 107.1 1803 90.6 121.1 225.0 75.0 151.6 166.7 91.2 183.0 72.7 9325 99.6 91.0 1804 832.8 104.1 211.8 3323 141.2 140.0 42.9 128.8 839 85.2 102-1 109.3 1805 104.5 94.5 188.2 57ei 4290.0 100.0 5424 90.6 9543 96-1 110.5 97.8 1806 98.5 14.3 335% 28.6 236.4% 6627 92.1 30.0 85.1 86.0 103.6 91.5 1807 102.4 104.9 290.9 5020 221.1 33.3 8424 159.6 $4.5 902.0 112.7 100.0 1808 101.7 100.0 290.9 50.0 215.0 25.0 82-0 158.0 9622 84.9 111.2 94.4 1812 121.1 99.3 223.8 142.9 125.0 170.0 93-1 100.0 145.9 79.0 122.2 139.1

1816 67.6 109.2 119.0 16.7 233.3 0.90 6223 Ill2el 5228 122.20 80-4 103.6 .

1817 63.23 104.3 220.0 40.0 78.6 0.0 48.0 98.8 52-0 130.4 91.5 94-1

354 PART II--TABLE 4 TABLE 42 MALE/FEMALE RATIOS (CONTINUED)

YEAR TOTAL M/F WHITE M/F INDIAN M/F PARDO M/F NEGRO M/F SLAVE M/F

— ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ,

1818 67.5 103.7 $6.4 266.7 150.0 0.0 60.6 101.3 61.5 100.0 1626 97.0 1819 70.6 103.7 92.6 300.0 150.0 0.0 63.7 101.1 64.4 98.0 81.9 98.7 1820 69.1 113-1 65.25 180.0 162.5 0.0 66-8 110.5 63-7 125.5 72-8 100.0 — CUYAGUA

1802 86.4 113.4 220.0 0.0 55.0 100.0 19.5 632 69-7 212.5 97-3 119.4 1803 $2.0 104.3 0.0 0.0 60.20 0.0 93.3 93.3 7229 100.0 106421 105.3 1804 8324 102.9 0.0 0.0 42-9 0-0 972.5 123.1 49.1 66.7 98.25 116.7 1805 90.2 81.9151.8 107.6200.0 0.V 0e0 50.0 100.0 81.8 85.2 1808 100.0 60.00.0 0-081.6 120.8 50.057.29 68.5 109.1 9202 117.0 263.2 1809 86.0 125.3 0.0 0.0 100.0 02.0 103.6 78.6 6523 125.20 8625 137.5 1815 100.0 134.4 200.20 150.9 40.0 50.0 90.0 250.29 0.0 0.0 95.22 111.1 DIVINA PASTGRA DEL JOBAL

1781 103.8 9623 109.6 7627 11321 105.9 87.1 93.0 $2.9 83.3 162.5 200.0 1798 93.7 97.5 108.1 104.9 83.4% 100.0 83.9 9924 113.2 85.6 7424 160.0 | 1799 93.9 101.3 111.8 109.9 82.5 £57.1 82.3 96.6 114.25 63.8 73.9 114.3 1801 $7.21 92.26 101.7 84.4 99.0 91.0 9524 95.7 116.7 0.0 85.3 0.0 1802 79.28 83.3 96.0 716% ©0625 85.7 8322 85.6 60.7 78.3 81.4 170.0 1803 81.5 109.1 84.2 97.8 68.4 89.598.9 84.4102.2 86.f 622i 86.0 145.5 1804 93-7 83.8 T2e% 99.0 95.7 154.2 125.077124 100.0 B7e5 140.0. 1805 96-6 111.1 115.8 96e2 7720 115.0 102.3 139.26 69.3 68.6 86-8 175.0 96.5 7829 90.6132.5 103.1$1.1 93.186.9 99el125.0 100.0 0.0 0.0 81.1 88.2 357.1 76.29 . 18071806 93.493.6 $7-99261 102.6 93-1 81-0 1808 81.2 106.24 87-2 105.2 87.3 103.8 76.0 108.9 233.3 0.0 69.7 83.3 i809 96.6 111.1 115.8 S6e2 77.0 115.0 102.3 139.6 69.3 68.6 86.8 175.0

1811 87-2 104.0 96.9 110.0 87.9 96.5 84.3 104.8 0.0 0.0 51.3 100.0 1815 88.0 104.7 80.6 105.4 120.0 121.3 78.7 $4107.23 4102.1. 88.5 31.6 28.6 1816 88.0 111.1 80-6 151.23 129.0 132.6 78.7 109.7 102.1 85.3 31.6 31.3 | 1817 89.3 104.2 83.9 108.1 iz7vel 121.3 18.7 105.4 97.8 87.1 31.6 3028 1819 105.8 116.2 $529 151-4 95-8 9328 114-7 1172 83.3 U 20 31.4 3323 1820 100.9 87.0 872% 107.2 101.2 74.4 1038.4 86.3 116.7 12.5 46.7 33.3 1822 1429 67.25 6128 56021 59.22 89.1 88-1 61.9 0.0 020 40.6 30.4 1824 87.2 84.1 98.8 104.3 73.28 95.1 87-4 82.21 200.0 0.0 58.3. 29.44

. 1825 88.1 18.6 102.4 64.6 65.25 92.4 89.9 , 81.5 200.0 0.0 58.3 2924 1829 87.8 65.5 G92.7 73-5 74-3 121.4 87.1 66.3 0.0 0.0 116.7 25.7 1830 84.5 68.4 92-7 7325 74.23 121.4 84.9 66.3 50.0 55256 0.0 0.0 1832 84.5 63 4% 92.7 7325 7423 121.4 84.9 66-3 50.0 5526 0.0 0.0 1834 72.0 10.4 1626 65.28 68324 89.5 76.8 70.0 40.0 69.2 25.0 0.0

DUACA |

1779 96.6 1302 8323 162.5 114.3 43.5 83.3 177.8 100.0 100.0 22-2 150.0 ©

1803 61.5 61.5 6026 60.6 55.6 0-0 4723 55.20 80.23 692 0.0 0.0 0-0 0.0 133.3 133.3 0.0 0.0 . 1804 5526 0.0 4723 55.90 80.3 692 1805 79.0 61.1 80.0 61.5 7923 55.0 T77el = 7 0.0 0-0 100.0 0.0

| | | Oo | PART TI-=TABLE 4 = 355 ©

7 | TABLE 4. MALE/FEMALE RATIOS (CONTINUED) , ,

YEAR TOTAL M/F WHITE M/F iNDIAN M/F PARDO M/F — NEGRO M/F SLAVE M/F. , — ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD

1807 93.7 108.5 92-9 160.0 98.4 80.8 91.1 150.0 55-0 130.0 0.0 0.0 , 1808 99.0 82-7 G3.2 118.8 106.4 71.2 87.5 100.0 100.0 0-0 0-0 0.0 1809 96.2 9022 79-1 1302.8 111.8 80.0 £77.28 96-4 200.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1811 14.7 200.0 80.44 125.0 68.1 235.9 102.6. 158.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1815 78.3 9223 100.0 100.0 69.7% 6745 81.9 119.4 0Q.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1816 85.3 9223 100.0 100.0 69.7 67.45 $2.90 119.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 — 1810 96.2 102.0 7921 ~—223e1 109.1 80.0 1728 (9604 200.0 . 0.0 300.0 0.0 ©

EL CALVARIO | Oo | | 7

1818 106.0 14224 105.90 78.9 109.5 184.6 103.8 235.0 200.0 75.0 0.0 0.0.

1783 159.4% B9.7 165.2 &5.7 81.8 60.0 80.8 100.0. 128.6 100.0 221-9 100.0 )

1802 119.9 99-4 108.0 10i1.9 110.5 100.9 112.6 115.8 90.5 76.0 161.6 9562 | 1803 119.0 106.5 105.3 89.7 8664 83.3 1117-5 12944 87.1 111.1 168.7 112.8 1804 113.8 97.3 101.8 8862 7568 8466 9920 110.0 9864 11060 17164 97.7 1805 115.3 9304 109.3 7925 86.1 10727 105.1 4117.1 j91.4 =81.8 157.1 104.3 | 1808 115.7 110.9 108.2 88.0 85.3 13664 S225 145.9 103.4 90.0 163.5 122.0 © 7

EL CONSEJO | | | | | | _

18l2 102.9 88.0 100.5 90.2 73.5 81.0 94.5 78.0 80.8 85.0 144.3 103.2

1781 107.6 115.6 136.1 162.1 0.0 060 9864 15643 0.0 0.0 98.6 85.8 1796 99.6 111-4 115.44 $4.7 100.0 0-0 99.7 101.6 100.0 150.0 93.2 125.0 |

1795 10345 9666 LLl.? T6e2 9203 36667 9669 11262 %%703 G1e7 10946 85.5 , 1802 121.4 104.1 111.9 £81.27 81.3 133.3 144.6 80-7 110.0 100.0 113.4 129.3

1803 121.1 123.4 111.1 81.3 81.3 133.3 143.9 137.7 110.0 91-7 113.4 129.3 © , 1804 120.5 105.4 110.5 80.9 981.8 150.0 141.9 85.90 115.4 115.4 114.0 127.8 | 1805 120.9 106.0 111.2 $5.3 81.0 110.0 145.5 83.8 107.7 88.9 1132.3 128.9 | | | 1806 84.8 | 7826 110.3 ~82.5 84.2 60.0 69.0 7929 (8725 1622 —6MBBB 2 a a a 1807 120.6 104.0 111.4 82.3 87.0 125.0 143.4 81.0 107.4 100.0 113.2 129.0 | 1808 120.8 104.5 111.3 2.5 95.8 122.2 144.0 81.2 100.0 115.4 113.6 128.8 1809 122.2 104.4 112.5 80.0 66.7 300.0 145.8 80.0 115.4 100.0 113.6 130.2 | 1811 122.1 110.5 112.7 $4.4 70.0 0.2.0 149.2 82.6 111.1 75-0 112.4 140.5 — 1817 $2.5 96.28 111-6 398.5 87.9 86.7 81.0 98.4% 0.0 0-0 9945 952-9 1818 90.5 939 $5.5 90.4 88.9 93.3 81.0 92.1 0.0 0.0 99.5 96.1 | : 1833 103.7 $2.7 110.7 G89 12464 86.7 98-6 8625 0.0 0.0 100.8 9406.

«EL GUAPO , - 7 _ , ae ,

1784 122.0 $5.5 15823 137.5 66.7 °100.0 172.7 107.1 80.0 0.0 126.0 91.7 ee 1802 103.5 9501 115.6% 85.7 87.9 120.0 96.8 88.5 88.8 110.3 114.2 89.7 | , 1803 103.8 102.2 109.5 121.1 105.1 85.7 107.3 112.3 94.2.4 84.6 102.5 102.5 — 1804 104.1 103.2 109.5 121.1 105.1 85.7 107.23 112.38 97.6 9223 102.5 102.5 ©

~1805 9624 9942 92.5 $4.3 90.0 90.9 96.7 93.9 99.0 95.9 97.9 108.1 1807 99.7 92.43 89.3 86.2 107.7 87.0 10464 105.3 98.6 91.22 101.1 90.0 , 1808 98.38 9227 85.29 85.2 107.7 87.0 102.9 108.1 98.6 91.2 101.1 90.0 a 1809 98.8 92.7 85.9 8562 107.7 8740 102.9 108.1 98.6 9122 101.1 90.0 1811 103.5 191.24 110.5 114.8 133.3 56.3 93.1 102.6 78.2 127.3 115.3 96.0 | 1812 92.5. 98.0 9322 90.25 B9.1 81.90 =~ 8T.3 130.0 7722 122.6 108.3 85.1 . 1820 79.23 89.4 82-0 68.28 62.20 6544 81.2% 100.0 127.26 . 333 — -'74.7 113.0.

356 PART II—=TABLE 4 TABLE 42 MALE/FEMALE RATIOS (CONTINUED)

YEAR TCTAL M/F WHITE M/F INDIAN M/F PARDG M/F NEGRO M/F SLAVE M/F

ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILO ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD

EL HATILLO

1802 122.8 107.2 119.2 12165 176.5 6667 155.4 150.0 74.02 75-0 114.0 75.0 1803 122.8 107.2 119.2 12165 176.5 6667 15504 15060 £T74e2 7520 114.0 75.0 1804 114.3 111.4 109.8 132.2 156.5 83.3 128.4 118.5 112.5 68.0 102-6 104.3 1805 116.8 107.0 118.8 122.9 134.65 7520 125.6 11667 102.9 75.9 103.4% 9664 1806 117.5 97.5 113.9 101.1 159.1 110.0 107.4 12328 115.7 9668 125.5 76.1 1808 98.6 108.1 83.4 101.1 159.1 110.0 107.4 17164 4115-7 125.8 125.5 80.4

1815 117.5 102.1 109.2 102.8 0.0 0.0 118.2 134.0 0.0 0.0 130.1 80.2

1818 84.64 87.0 90.2 104.1 0-0 0.0 81.0 87.2 0-0 060 8166 6722

EL PAO

1781 100.8 105.6 103.1 118.6 106.7 109.1 S305 98.67 8461 114.3 214.5 128.6

1791 88.3 94.9 86.8 $6.9 59.0 102.8 91.1 92-7 6202 98-6 204.3 128.6 1792 81.7 61.3 100.0 407.9 125.0. 1794 86.6 101.4 102.877.9 89.7128.8 $8.5 51.7 6766118.3 124.581.7 85.492.8 9907 61.9 102.6 455.3 127.3

1796 82.3 107.1 7560 13267 6944 125.4 B0.2 95.8 6264 110.2 268.1 125.0 1798 89.8 118.8 88.3 75068 6964 125.4 87.7 127.0 78.8 101.1 420.6 329.0. 1801 102.0 105.5 86.5 95.2 143.8 91.2 100.6 111.23 66.3 91.0 228.2 100.0 1802 8346 85.5 72.0 8500 8464 7748 79.8 86.0 6500 7968 19648 92.27 1803 88.9 128.8 82.0 $562 181.8 61.5 80.5 147.27 75.7 7964 293.7 190.9 1804 89.7 95.9 81.90 90.0 85.2 77-8 88.0 9961 48.8 6602 280.0 145.28 1805 89.9 99.7 81.0 90.0 85.2 77.8 87.9 100.6 48.8 9566 289.2 145.28 1808 75.0 73.4 120.3 732.5 1809 79.9 118.7114.4 96-0 86.7 112.499.1 89.559.1 114.6 95.4 122.0 96.3 92.290.7 947238.8 120.8108.7 110.0 1811 83.3 100.2 87.5 89.6 7667 105.4% 740% 101.1 81.4 134-9 241.7 73-1

1812 772% 102.22 84.2 98.68 6549 109.4 70.6 98.1 5804 124.6 250.0 122.27 1815 75.7 106.5 83.5 123.1 66.7 27.23 72065 103-7 63.69 15465 27662 13865

1817 7429 106.1 7226 $8.4 155.6 40.0 70.8 107.3 56.3 100.0 181.44 137.1 1818 7526 10422 85.7 10265 5526 5963 70.6 106.0 67.0 117.6 166.3 108.0 1819 68.6 121.0 7224 392.9 8765 85.7 6561 107.2 5763 416.7 108.1 123.21 1821 71.6 7323 6922 108-3 74.1 66.07 7106 = 657 6125 72-0 88.1 113.23

1823 93.9 95.1 64.3 89.9 109.1 133.3 98.2 997.7 8763 80.4 142.4 70.0 1824 9269 88.3 100.5 88.7 6201 100.0 96.0 1825 1312069.3 9067 7569175.0 233.390-0 89.0 941 101.6 48.28220 90.0154.8 155.8 6026 164.3 1826 90.6 97.5 95.7 92.2 71.0 150.0 91.8 97.25 42.8 85.7 151.9 185.7 1827 113.8 81.9 81.1 85.7 100.0 133.3 88.7 81.0 512.2 7224 28921 83.9 1829 94.9 7920 8168 80.0 Glee 84.6 $5.5 79el 8607 7466 8343 81.8 1835 89.7 106.8 90.0 107.5 02-0 0.0 90.3 106.29 86.0 103.1 72.0 0.0

1836 90.4 103.5 89.7 998el 0.0 0.0 91.0 103.8 90.2 102.5 73.0 0.0

1837 93.6 91.2 98.8 99.6 90.5 90.1 93.8 94.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 94.6 93.2 9923 99.9 44.4 1838 86.9 90.9 874574.3 72.0 0.0 0.0 EL RASTRO

1807 98.1 111.2 135.8 132.8 200.0 66.7 100.9 96.2 100.0 83.23 66.7 100.0. 1810 103.7 102.5 123.2 130.9 200.0 150.0 104.2 76eol 125.0 5701 3668 113.0 1811 104.8 109.9 120.1 116.3 190.0 120.0 108.6 104.3 126.1 88.9 39.0 104.0

| PART II-=-TABLE 4 357 TABLE 42. MALE/FEMALE RATIOS (CONTINUED)

YEAR TOTAL M/F WHITE M/F INDIAN M/F PARDO M/F NEGRO M/F SLAVE M/F

ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD

1812 101.2 108.2 120.5 110.8 60.0 40.0 110.7 112-5 0.0 0.0 45.7 103.3

1817 84.8 192.1 105.25 98.1 87.5 75.9 86.5 95-01 78.6 150.0 36-6 12942

| EL SOMBRERO | ,

1822 T202 96.3 87.3 90.35 5926 762.9 #£=71-3 132.7 110.0 100.0 2424 28.26

1781 99.2 107.2 145.8 129.1 500.0 9.0 80.7 95 44% 55.26 0.0 139.3 214.3 1783 98.3 120.1 135.0 i58.c6 156.7 300.0 0.0 0.0 82-8 110.0 117.90 88.6 1802 85.1 111.7 105.1 101.7 60.4 123.1 7824 118.3 7325 117-0 101.2 9225 | 1803 85.8 190.0 1092.811225 100.5107.58 92.9 81.4 110.367.7 66683.3 98.397.2 $7.8107.3 91.1 1804 90.4 7.2 100.0 145.5 80.3 €5.5 97.8

1805 88.8 108.3 106.0 111.2 77.1 171.4 87.6 103.3 72-3 131.0 7328 100.0 | 1809 93.6 112.1 108.0 132.1 $0.6 114.3 G91.2 114-8 86.3 91.1 81.2 82.48 1810 94.8 111.5 107.8 131.0 $2.1 111.5 91-3 11443 86.7 91-5 95.1 84.1 1811 94.8 111.5 107.28 131.0 2.1 111.5 91.3 114.3 86.7 91.5 95-1 84.1

EL TOCUYD | ; |

1802 94.4 93.9 9004 82.3 96.4 113.2 102.0 9345 79.7 95.0 86.7 99.6 1803 92.7 93.7 90.8 820d 7744 151.9 9923 9002 8520 98.9 85.1 101.3 1804 80.5 38.4 79.26 3728 %¢2.8 91.3 17.8 100-8 80.0 89.0 92-8 102.9 a 1806 $6.3 105.5 89.0E42 $9.689.0 . 76.188.f 78.1 92.1 1807 93.0 81.6 88.9 98.890.22 82.1 113.2 61.8 89.9 76.2 97.25 78.9 96.3 114-1 1808 83.4 97.9 82238 119.2 101.3 81.5 80.6 94.1 82-5 94.3 93-0 103.9 1809 81.8 93.3 19.26 98.6 90.7 115.90 80.9 9Bel 84.8 9325 B3.2 10249 1810 85.2 37.0 97.8 113.7 88.6 79.2 #£x®81.9 $3.0 90.4 105.0 B0.7 93.5 1812 82.2 $8.3 T9461 98.6 89.7 73.1 81.4 101.2 84.5 97.2 8502 91.6 1815 67.3 94.2 65.38 79.9 58.7 95.8 $65.4 97.29 72.0 100.0 85.3 95.0

1816 70.0 94.1 638.8 B5.1 52.0 92.9 68.3 96.2 67.9 88.1 84.3 98.0 1818 78.38 99.3 7325 9329 83.1 95.2 78.8 102.7 77-3 §=9408 84.9 S602 1819 1726 $3.7 102.2 100.7 33.6 127.3 70.1 8929 118.2 100.0 100.0 117.6

EL VALLE | | |

1820 7226 93.7 87-3 7367 8720 100.29 660% 9864 110.0 400.0 90.3 85.5

1793 718.5 84.3 852.0 86.7 76.0 6722 75.8 100.9 70.3 126.7 8244 1903 1802 84.6 i17.2 98-8 137.5 73-67 6922 75-0 133.43 87.9 141.7 80-9 116.0 1803 82.9 118.9 94-1 162.5 73.0 86.7 75.9 107.1 85.0 135.7 81.0 107.1 1804 83.7 115.3 S41 133.3 74.8 87.5 72.5 120.7 80.9 116.7 87.1 113.8 1805 83.6 141.3 91.7 i51.2 76.0 115.2 762.3 124-1 1323 264.3 91.5 118.2 1809 8326 128.46 91.7 132.i 76.0 118.9 1526 11423 T4e2 16926 9125 12026 1815 63.0 93.5 64.0 101.6 89.9 68.4 57.2 111.4 70.0 104.5 4G./ 7525 1816 65.9 106.3 68.1 106.3 91.0 109.5 5922 140.5 T7626 125.9 5244 7401 1817 73-5 125.8 7422 116.9 80.9 134.5 659.8 183.7 97.0 125.9 63.9 935 : 1818 68.4 97.3 17.26 91.0 62.25 111.1 62-7 106.5 552-6 = 5 OD 65.2 121.7 : 1819 75.6 91.8 81.4 87e2 75.8 62.5 7622 100.9 61.5 13.7 68.1 125.8 1820 73.0 93.6 1525 = =G34e5 8925 61.23 71.7 98.2 87.3 77.23 65.8 127.3

358 PART I1--TABLE 4 TABLE 4. MALE/FEMALE RATIGS (CONTINUED)

ESPINO | ~—GUATARA- ,

YEAR TOTAL M/F WHITE M/F INDIAN M/F PARDO M/F NEGRO M/F ss SLAVE M/F

ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD

1804 103.4 8664 111.4 100.0 100.0 100.0 93.2 80.0 100.0 7520 13168 8829 1807 84.9 7125 64.0 412.7 33.6 36.0 99741 115.5 250.0 100.0 163.6 120.0 1781 8766 113-68 88.7 8506 8869 13728 8367 12065 10721 7560 8969 13128 1802 79.4 128.23 54.5 133.3 80.6 121.3 $5.5 129.9 120.0 150.0 95.1 122.0 1803. 79.8 127.5 57.6 125.0 7904 138.2 94.5 122068 114.3 175.0 $6.1 127.5

1804 76.4 104.7 113.3 Wet 77.9106.6 104.382.0 92.414364 104.37869 67.1 7266 127.97104 118.2600.0 133.3 9323 84.2 1805 76.7 81-7 18222 1808 94.0 117.5 79.6 145.4 63.0 130.0 104.0 108.1 16265 5663 104.1 84.2 1816 71.9 103.6 65.5 114.5 92.3 102.9 657 100.2 80.0 120.0 75.0 £89.45 GUADARRAMA

GUAIGUAZA

1820 53.5 102.9 56.6 G7.2 40.9 125.0 65.8 102.4 48.4 104.0 85.7 100.0 1803 73.1 140.3 92.3 100.9 0.0 0.0 80.6 13664 3966 161.1 128.1 133.3

GUAMA , ,

1805 101.2 101.3 126.7 4.25.9 100.0 0.0 108.0 8468 7465 17164 102.7 12866 1806 $8.7 105.9 1238.6 45667 O08 04.0 $265 6765 7309 22826 116.7 129.2 1807 $0.9 111-64 189-60 100.0 060 06.0 7961 11463 12560 85.7 8462 114.3

1818 $8.5 122.586.7 75.8Z16.7 200.06.0 O00 O40 12164 0.0 0.20 0.0115.6 114.3 83.6 75.8 1819 0.9Oc0 O09 £81.45 106.7 0.0 0-0

1781 72.5 104.6 84.2 150.0 5549 129.5 78.4 84.0 98.5 100.0 73.7 52.0.

1794 75.8 76.8 7606 «69520 «35.8 60.0 89.3 9164 128.9 5868 9763 £8765 1803 76.9 87.7 £Bis3 6657 S702 74.1 78.4 88.3 14667 140.0 81.7 142.9 1804 82.9 100.0 69.6 125.0 $7.0 86.5 7964 108.0 7665 200.0 87.1 £6103 1805 70.6 111.3 7667 200.0 64.2 13169 73063 10403 6303 9269 6667 8567 1807 67.5 124.1 T6.1 122.2 ©6268 143-69 65.6.9 11667 8065 13220 80.0 12826 1808 73.0 110.8 75.0 11864 7328 122.2 7369 10362 6963 140.0 5624 105.3 1809-7268 11266 7365 GY%ed 6801 124.0 7428 107.7 6969 14404 604 10607 | 1810 78.9 974.2. 90.0 118.2 7361 11566 80.3 8864 7864 12222 8663 T6e9 1812 76.2 98.0 90.9 108.7 7041 118.3 7660 88el 7820 12663 96.0 9203 1817 72.8 78.5 81.2 88.62 6467 10367 73.9 6960 83067 13363 6460 7609 |

| GUANARE , 1818 73.5 91el 79.0 115.4 63.9 104.9 77.3 86.2 28.6 18.2 110.0 400.0 1820 46.6 94.2 54.7 £93.68 52.9 82.0 37.6 9825 67.1 8561 55.0 60.0 1788 85.0 117-6 8703 11068 9564 87.3 8165 13600 S7el 12162 80.6 9629

| _ |Oo | PART II--TABLE 4 359 TABLE 4.2 MALE/FEMALE RATIOS (CONTINUED) , | , YEAR TOTAL M/F WHITE M/F INDIAN M/F PARDO M/F NEGRO M/F SLAVE M/F .

ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD

ATS1 85.3. 97.1 89.6 99 04. 56.5 81.9 84.0 99.9 86.9 160.0 83.4 118.0 | oe

1792 84.5 169.90 338.9 378.7% 63.8 128.2 82.0 125.0 107.7 87.5 T7-f 109.8 : 1802 88.6 133.0 9028 135.3 86.9 116.1 87.1 131-2 119.2 236.4 85.0 123.2 > | ,

1807 81.7 109.6 84.5 118.2 83.2 90.9 79.6 108.3 84.9 105.0 7925 9424 (1808 81.7 106.7 986.5 111.68 72.3 95.1 80.0 10664 1423 85.2 82-6 102.5 1810 90.5 99.5 81.6 80.5 450.4 119.8 98.9 110.7 G3-9 76247 98.2 114-7 oe ~=1811 79.0 87.7 £477.29 89.3 65.8 107.1 84.0 79.7 80.8 88.0 72-0 86.1 | | | 1817 172-5 = #104.3 72422 101.2 118.3 86.5 71.1 107.0 5502 «155266 126.2 9202.

| — GUANARE VIEJO an - | a oe a

1778 107.7 123.7 119.6 564.5 GO.7 700.0 121.1 110.0 0.0 #040 75.0 200.0 1782 90.8 90.6 96.9 83.7% 89-0 94.6 89.1 93-42. 0.0 0.0 100.0 50.0. | 1801 104.0 110.7 110.0 141.8 97.5 114.6 116.0 7204 020 0.0 20-0 100.0 — a

1802 101.4 121.8 113.3 149.2 $4.4 114.9 104.3. 9262 ©. 0.0 0.0 #£=80.0 150.0 oo

1803 94.4 110.5 9U29 124-1 97.5 124.6 96.4 94.8 40.0 0.0 0.0 °#£«80.0 7 | 1804 96.1 129.4 111.0 88.3 58.3 59.5 105.5 209.8 0.0 0.0 60.0 60.0 oo 1805 105.1 118.8 130.6 129.9 74.5 98.7 102.7 134.0 0.0 02.0 83.43 ° £00 1806 70.9 97.09 97.5 77.7 G2e7 52.8 860i 75.7 104.9 0.0 0.0 66-7 3323150.0 200.0 18C7 97-5 110.1 115.4 75.5 65.29 101.0 105.3 0-0 0-0 |: (1808 9629 31.9 9823 95.5 G3.1 50.8 96.9 98.5 0.0 0.0 133.3 150.0 (1811 83.5. 91.9 99-9 113.8 72.9 60.63 84.4 94.6 ' 0.20 0.0 33.3 200.0 Oo

oe GUANARITO a | | | a 1813 91.9 108.9 8620 115.9 99.4 113.8 90.6 95.5 0.0 0.0 100.0 300.0

1778 110.0. 111.6 114-9 105.4 107.1 124.4 109.1 108.6 0.0 0.0 120.0 #£33.3 1801 #£98.9 18.9 932% 1403 93.6 82.2% 102.0 7666 117.0 82.9 110.7 £81.8 | 1803 96.0 95.8 107.6 85.8 4743 9062 96.3 11262 95466 78.6 119.4 114.8 ©

1804 $5.0 838.7 36.1 105.9 108.3 74.4 90.1 7926 0.0 0.0 111.5 84.2 1805 62.7 110.6 72.0113.4 97.8 105.2 82.7 92.3172.0 10.4 | 84.0 1807 99.7. 108.886.7 54.8100.9 99.8 107.9 83.9 82.9 91.2896.0 212.5 3090.0 1808 86.7 859.7 3326 $8.3 77.0 55.0 £87.26 89.0 70-3 50.0 92.3 7124 1810 £90.21 89.1 991.44 Ge? T78.1 55.0 92.7 87.8 6743 5020 89.5 80.0. | 1811 90.3 89.0 9227 S6e1 78.0 71-4 £$1.6 85.3 71.9 71026 85.4 117.6 ©

| — GUARCATINAJAS re a ne 7 _

1804 109.8 107.6 126.1 133-8 89.2 68.3 114.9 97-9 104.7 117.8 103.2 112.5 | 18C5 111.0 107.6 124.4 138.2 62.1 5529 117.5 95469 108.3 125.3 112.9 111.4 | 1807 107.2 99-2 142.8 $131.83 80.8 86.5 113.2 7525 94.3 102.1 102.5 122.7 1809 116.9 105.6 146.7 11665 87.4 71.7 103.5 91-6 105.6 130.5 138.9 T2020 1810 102.7 109.6 110.2 126.0 67.7 72.2 106.0 116.3 $6.2 177.8 119.7. 83.3 | |

1811 116.8 109.6 137.0 113.4 79.7 140.0 117.4 105.8 127.6 143.8 124.7 78.3

360 PART [{[--TABLE 4 TABLE 42 MALE/FEMALE RATIGS (CONTINUED)

YEAR TOTAL M/F WHITc M/F INDIAN M/F PARDQ M/F NEGRO M/F SLAVE M/F

ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILL ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILO

1816 $4.5 i04.1 106.1 1G9e2f 7320 137.8 94.9 101.9 64.7 66.7 106.7 135.5 GUARENAS

1784 89.6 100.0 95022 10020 G9.2 97-8 100.0 102.7 102.5 100.0 44.9 100.0

1804 88.7 3564 89.4 102.6 81.1 56.9 87.0 50.0 77.8 94-9 104.2 81.8 1805 88.0 86.8 90-5 103.4 81.2 58.3 82.7 5325 74.7 94.9 103.7 85.7 1808 93.6 91.6 $95.2 112.3 91.9 54.3 123.5 104.) 18.7 1921 93.3 94.8 1809 97.1 98.8 101.1 118.2 98.2 50.0 $826. 9006 85.3 96e2 96.8 108.0

GUAR ICS :

181i 9728 111-8 i04.2 128.4 $1.2 72.7 94.2 125.5 86.0 122.2 100.7 97.8

1816 72.3 101.3 7202 104% 4469 127.8 68.1 840.2 12763 900.0 86.1 107.9

1803 109.4 113.8 91.3 175.0 94.6 109.2 126.5 106.3 229.2 109.1 130.0 122.2

1804 87.6 100.0 89.7 114.5 89.3 98.2 86.9 97.3 6721 100.0 116.7 100.0 1805 88.2 107.3 7921 115.4 $6.5 111.65 7321 2101.3 104.3 100.0 140.0 125.0

1806 86.8 101.4 1624 6523 9429 112.9 722.9 102.5 100.0 83-3 140.0 110.0 18C7 82.3 101.1 54.3 892. 1926 93-43 7326 108.9 22723 200.0 126.1 13664 1808 822.8 102.8 86-3 104-0 61.3 94-3 7326 10809 22723 200.0 113.0 136.4 1809 85.6 100.5 386.0 $6.9 8522 9G93e22 772.9 1092.4 135.0 160-0 126.1 93.3

1810 86.1 98.9 105.5 134.2 78.5 89.7 80-6 109.4 109.1 86.7 133.3 1569 1812 83.6 Sle7100.9 148.598.1 77.586.90 91.2 79-27 Llile2 100.0 105.1 75.0 91.9 116.7 91.4 1815 $5.9 103.1 96.3 7.8 96.5 105.7 89.5 81.3 1816 $4.6 94.3 77.38 89.5 97-41 85.438 94.5 104.1 100.0 7520 89.5 68.4 1817 96.9 91.6 100.0 €5.0 $725 84.2 96.0 100.4 100.0 75.20 89.5 68.4 1818 98.90 902f 100.0 58.0 G8B.f 83.0 G74 99.6 100.0 133.3 89.5 68.4 1819 98.0 1926 9$4%.3 58-6 100.23 75-9 S723 854% 9328 75.20 92.3 61.9 1820 95.5 85.5 94.3 732.3 398-1 81.9 $3.9 88.0 100.0 110.7 85.7 67.9 GUASGUAS

1802 74.8 116.4 76283 $415.6 70.4 130.1 76.1 112.3 0.0 0.90 40.9 87.5

1803 7269 134.7 T1607 18226 6664 117.6 73-7 «=115.1 0.0 0.0 3323 128.6 1804 7324 116.8 7426 11625 66.4 124.22 772-2 113.5 0.0 0.0 42.9 125.0

1805 72.1 119.2 75e7 112.8 63.2 147.7 7327 113.6 0.0 0.0 42.9 128.6 1806 75.5 115.7 7609 116.56 £528 136.2 75.1 106.22 0.0 0.0 44.0 8725 138C7 7322 116.678290 1924 105.6 112.470.9 63.7129.26 127.7 71.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 42.9 47.8 116.7 100.0 1808 74.0 112.24 72.0 116.24 107.25 0.0 1809 76.7 112.0 86.9 109.4 67.6 138.7 71.6 102.0 0.20 0.0 43.5 200.0 1810 715.27 103.0 17.0 9728 6209 11844 85.2 103.6 71426 84.2 42.9 80.0

GUATIRE

1784 93-7 117.4 111-7 183.3 250.0 0.0 762.1 95.7 76.25 7528 99.25 128.2 1802 98.1 1038.8 86.7 87.1 253.3 33.3 83.8 142.0 T1721 89.2 112.0 108.5 1803 100.3 195.2 125.5 i04.8 i57.1 100.0 90.4 117.90 7528 106.7 107.8 100.7 —1807 180591.6 86.496.0 9620 123.5 90.5100.0 433.3020 100.0 84.3 83.9 69.9400.0 109.8105.7 82.998.2 S77 75.22 116.7 7729 81.8 74-1

| PART LI=--TABLE 4 361 TABLE 4.2 MALE/FEMALE RATIOS (CONTINUED)

YEAR TOTAL M/F WHITE M/F INDIAN M/F PARDO M/F NEGKG M/F SLAVE M/F

: ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD

1809 91.6 96.0 7522 1164-7 100.0 0.0 77.29 81.8 7401 400.0 105.7 98.2 1811 98.7 108.0 111.3 8323 130.4 200.0 88.9 9222 83.7 100.0 102.7 121.3 1815 92.6 105.3 i21.6 82-6 114.3 66.7 81.1 96.0 19.28 96.2 9424 116.7 1816. 98.7 125.4 120.0 110.3 133.3 250.90 89.1 82.3 81.8 84-4 103-3 202.7 1817. 76.8 114.2 1097.9 136.0 73.7 133.3 58.2 107.8 97-1 200.0 90.3 115.1

GUAYABAL

GUIGUE ; | :

1804 136.3 85.2 89.3 6724 85.7 381.8 90.7 88.3 84.3 89.1 449.0 88.9 : 1817 88.0 116.1 68.0 131.9 75.0 105.0 94.9 113.5 I1.7 75.20 96.7 114.3

1802 95.2195.0 90.8 105.9 946.37629 67.6104.28 80.0 97.8 1803 92.9 98.9 GOe0% 92.6924 $3.592.7 $4.985.0 136.48221 90.382.7 91.3 1804 83.9 9327 88.9 Gliez 75.0 96.0 90.7 94.4% 87-8 115.4 634 90.29 1805 91.0 82.9 85.2 103.789-4 91.3100.6 95-2687.8 78.050.0 100.087.5 97.6102.0 96.0 1808 88.9 $6.1 96.38922 93.3 595.5 92-0 73.2 1809 90.8 95.28 97.97T2e2 $7.0 72.5 $1.494el 101.8 192 41.7 90.9126.8 9fe2 1817 85.1 9323 107.22 73.083.23 73.7 80.9 68.1 73-7 102.5 GUIRIPA

1802 110.1 1097.7 106.4 946% 136-4 125.0 105.6 110.2 0.0 020 88.9 212.5 — 1803 112.4 101.1 109.5 82.7 163.26 133.3 100.0 113.6. 0.0 02-0 104.23 200.0

1804 104.3 109.7 103.5 119.4 116.2 187.5 98.2 94.0 800.0 0.0 9323 9243 1805 109.6 109.3 108.0 120.9 129.4 200.9 104.1 97-1 800.0 0.0 93.3 70.6 1806 104.8 88.4 $520 94.7 G0.6 78.9 118.1 88.5 200.20 33-3 108.8 86.7 1807 108.8 93.2 121.7 65.9 113.0 106.5 $5.6 12424 150.0 50.0 100.0 50.0 1808 110.4 93.8 125.0 84.2 104.3 84.6 102-7 115-1 200.0 150.0 105.6 6607 1809 104.8 9225 109.7 62.5 104.25 109.1 95-6 100.0 100.0 150.0 135.7 40.0: 1811 111.2 88.3 109.9 892.2 144.4 157.1 104.6 90.0 0.20 0-0 125.0 55.0

HUMOCARO ALTO | . : . | :

1802 83.0 112.4 71-0 13664 8344 109.8 G$2ef 11426 60.0 0.20 7220 220.0

1803 81.9 130.2 116.1 83.7 67.7120.0 150.035.4 824% 112.5 91.7 116.3 64.3 233.3 — . 1804 85.-/ 132.4 86.8 121.3 60.050.0 0.0 0.0 107.1 100.0 1805 86.9 124.2 84-0 125.0 8628 126.4 87.0 117.6 60-0 0.0 106.3 88.9 1806 80.9 81.3 T6e1 68.5 719.9 T7604 92.5 118.9 5607 0.0 83.3 77.8 1807 81.1 78.5 7601 88.5 60-3 71.2% 86.7% 12044 50.0 0.0 111.8 116.7 1808 18.6 7925 10.2 8305 77-5 7304 86.7 . 118.9 50.0 0.0 111.8 116.7 1809 7205 154% 10.0 892.3 F¢1e2 F225 7621 86.9 66.7 0.0 117.26 75.20 1810 66.9 92.3 93-1 95.1 84.7 81.3 132.41724 76.180.8 90.2100.0 150.00.0 0.062-5 90.9 16667 150.0 1815 66.8 89.6 120.2 83.3 5423 1816 72.1 124.9 62.22 109.1 8%.3 126.0 2325 126.7 109.0 50.0 68.8 150.0 1817 69.8 114.0 34e1 108.3 91.6 117.5 20.6 87.9 100.0 # 50.0 70.6 150.0 |

1818 68.7 91.6 31.8 92.9 90.3 90.2 21.6 88.5 66.7 0-0 70.6 175.0

1819 88.5 14.0 62.3 85.3 69.6 55265701 81.3 9326 %3.963.8 383.8 23.5 835.7 66.7 0.0 12.2 1820 65.9 57.8 166.7 200.0 6225116.7 42.9

362 PART JI--TABLE 4 | | TABLE 42 MALE/FEMALE RATIOS (CONTINUED) | YEAR TOTAL M/F WHITE M/F INDIAN M/F PARDO M/F NEGRO M/F | SLAVE M/F

ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD

HUMOCARD BAJO

1803. 77.9 83.0 71.22 8525 80.9 82.8 77-8 88.1 77.0 92.23 89.5 126.7 | 1804 77-8 88-1 #£=77.20 92.3 89-5#£80.0 126.7 180617.9 91.288.90 99.571.22 1624 85.5 822680.9 88.582.8 123.1 $7.0 87.5 50.0 0-0 121.1 (1807 76.9 714.26 71.6 80-5 73.2 71.8 7605 7668 125.0 0.0 109.1 10.20 1808 73.0 78.20 1323 88.5 73.4% 74.21 1026 8224 7520 150.0 79.0 57.1 1809 64.1 71.0 66.7 83.1 72.5 171.4 54-1 68.5 45.5 120.0 56.6 50.0

, 1810 62.6 70.6 6329 82.7 69.25 71.3 54.8 66.5 45.5 7124 5726 61.9 1815 46.3 48.5 4344 48.1 47.7 47.5 44.9 4528 33-3 62.25 5201 59.0 | 1816 50.5 48.5 44.3 S52el1 5221 44.9 5225 51.6 40.0 11.4 50.9 48.1 1818 #£51.3 59.8 50 04 88.2 55.5 52.3 45.7 54.6 40.20 40.0 50.9 5621

IGUANA |

1820 63.90 68.1 62.1 83-5 76.7 6621 48.7 5620 33-3 0.0 58.6 8725

1783 124.3 107.4 0.0 0.0 114.3 112.0 0.0 0.0 100.90 50.0 0.0 0.0 1801 133.3 132.5 JO 0.0 138.1 120.0 87.5 0-0 100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1803 129.1 116.3 0.0 020 133.7 112.5 100.0 300.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 | 1804 124.4 142.9 0-0020 0.00-0 128.7 139.0 80.0 300.0. 0.00.00.20 0.0 1805 132.6 139.5 133.3 137-8 120.0 200.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1806 120.0 0.200.0 0.00.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1807 134.0 124.7150.0 124.10.20 0.00.0 0.0134.8 122-5149.1 124.1 0.0 200.09 0.0 © 0.0 LA GUATRA

1802 73.9 93.7 109.3 $6.8 68-6 600.0 5722 85.8 5609 112.5 90.4 87.7 1804 82.5 114.1 92-7 104.4 114.3 33.3 85.3 96.9 66-8 355.0 7322 82.6. 1805 68.7 98.3 114.21 113.9 100.0 0.0 55.5 9604 502 92-3 74.8 84.2

, 1807 65.0 112.9 105.8 139.7 8725 50.9 51.5 991 48.3 114.6 67.6 102.9 1809 5201 80.4 110.9 8223 60.0 0.9 37.7 19.3 4302 8244 5529 88.9

1811 58.5 98.1 111.5 114.1 7520 200.0 44.6 90.1 51.7 108.7 60.3 88.9 1815 44.4 200.0 31.9 162.5 1816 70.3 145.3 101.7 63-1 77-2141.7 111-351.6 62.23 180.0 85.2 83.831.0 329113.6 78.9 50.4 62.5 142.9 150.0 1817 55.3 105.9 82.2 93.8 63.0 133.3 42-1 109.9 44.4 116.0 7322 111.1 | 1818 48.7 1626 64.8 111.0 86.0 233.3 36.5 52-0 69.1 82.1 58.8 140.0 , 1819 64.4% 151.6 79.6 162.5 86.2 153.8 40.2 142.0 100.0 133.3 82-1 177.1 1820 72.7 79.28 71.5 89.8 45.2 116.7 80.4 93.8 12.2% 4724 61.4 57.6

| LA GUAIRA, CURATO CASTRENSE |

1802 626.8 100.0 60.7 120.9 0.0 0-0 300.0 0.0 50.0 0.0 120.0 0.0 1803 1154.5 0.0 1876.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 100.0 0.0 200.0 0.90 100.0 0.0

1804 980.5 133.3 1810.0 166.7 0.0 0.0 283.3 100.0 100.0. 0.20 62.5 0.0 1805 1086.8 176.9 1475.9 237.5 0.0 0-0 1245.5 752.0 150.0 0.0 72ef 100.0 , 1807 1148.3 120.0 1388.9 136.4 0.0 0.0 1377.3 66.7 400.0 0.0 70.0 100.0

- | | , |TABLE | | a4...PART II--TABLE 4 363 MALE/FEMALE RATIOS (CONTINUED) , YEAR TOTAL M/F £WWHITE M/F INDIAN M/F PARDO M/F NEGRO M/F SLAVE M/F -

— ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD |

1808 1284.2 150.0 1272.0 225.0 #£®0.0 020 *200.0 © 0.0 300.0 #£= 0.20 50.0 0.0

LA SANTISIMA TRINIDAD. a - Oo

©1802 127.9 103.4 206.1 171.4 92.23 157.1 119.0 115.3 114.3 . 78.2 334.6 60.0. 1803 109.5 165.2 106.5 150.0 55.24 137.5 111.3 388.9 105.0 106.8 511.1 °#£,£0.0. 1804 996.9 100.5 6526 111.1 79048 200.0 99.3 70.1 110.3 122.7 176.0 350.0 ©

1807 9723 109.3 9704 157.1 100.0 81.8 109.7 137.9 8367 =G1le3 135.5 400.0 . | 1809 109.4 #£85.7 80.0 66.7 100.0 135.7 103.5 79.8 141.7 60.0 271-4 140.0 © 1810 98-5 90-7 103.8 90.0 81.4 95.8 6402 91.9 140.0 33-3 350.0 50.0 oe (1811 #3112. R.2 94.1 80.0 87.5 89.3 100.7 7920 130.0 60.0 468.8 128.6

/ LA VEGA OO | a | | | a |

1802 101.5 115.2 112.0 96.5 $5.6 131.0 101.3 $0.1 88.8 101.7 101.8 96.6 97.2 84.8 91.7103.4 103-4112.5 1122511925 119.1147.2. 168.6 | 1803 102.1 1804 113.7 107-2 110.2 115-2 94.8 123.1 $3.7 81.3 11325 126.3 16627 105.5 1805 117.0 86.8 116.6 111.3 94.1 83.8 92.8 80.7 109.4 74.4 181.1 84.3

1809 88.7 34.8 90-1 75.0 34-5 117.22 78.3 128.1 85.0 80.0 97.28 66.7 | i8ll 83.7 107.1 73-1 8840 100.0 166.7 6228 13464 89.5 0-0 122.8 55-0 —

1815 4827111.1 225.054.5 58.8 60.0 51-9 100.0 1816 61.9 65.6. 68.8 762460-0 68.3 53463 69.7 35.21 64.7 66.7 80-0 93.876.20 87.5. 73.9 - : 1817 80.1 9029 8422 105.0 106.7 114.3 560% 6342 8426 400.0 104.9 104.5 | 1813 63.2 84.4 6527 1423 506 200.0 5666 7529 28.6 100.0 79.0 90.0 — -

1819 65.29 93.8 82.4 7307 6247 130.20 4726 93.3 21.4 100.90 #£ 81.7 95.0 | 1821 792.0 103.3 762.9 60.0 7528 64.3 54.5 108.7 3664 200.0 127.5 166.7

1822 85.3 86.6 7422 25.0 124.1 81.3 74-7 11524 45-5 150.0 122.7 114.3 1823 83.8 122.7 71.7. 68.8 88.0 150.90 8203 112.5 64.3 0.0 109.8 0.0 —

, LA VICTORIA. | , an , _

1780 82.9 85.5 86.1 56.3 77.8 110.7 81.9 85.3 $322 80.6 7949 98.8 . 1802 79.5 99.7 81.1 $323 74.20 102.5 71.4 9226 89.2 138.5 9642 109.5 | 1803 88.6 9926 85.4 217.1 G58 56.6 T9592 91.9 91.6 105.9 105.2 111.6 1804 85.5 113.7 85.4 219.2 87.6 58.0 74.7 119.6 86.3 140.0 103.8 123.3 Oe 1805 87.3 93.5 840.8 207.9 G5e9 5604 19.4 92.20 9426 11.4 97.5 9226 a 18C6 87.3 94.4 8464 2066.3 96.3 57.41 79.5 921 93.9 82.8 97-5 9322 — 1808 87.3 112.6 82.23 151.3 G54 91.7 80.3 106.1 88.0 147.4 $99.1 106.3 |

1816 86.087.5 87.550.0 50201090.8 100.859.9 59.988.0 88.0133.8 133.858.8 58.30.0 0.00.00.0 47.7 192.3 : i817 36.0 47.7 192.3 _ | 1818 86.0 87.5 59-0 100.8 59.9 88.0 133.8 58.8 0.0 0.0 4727 19223 ,

364 PART TI--TABLE 4 TABLE 4. MALE/FEMALE RATIOS (CONTINUED)

YEAR TOTAL M/F WHITE M/F INDIAN M/F PARDO M/F NEGRO M/F SLAVE M/F ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILU ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD

LEZAMA

1783 99.8 105.3 98.6 62.3 $8.8 119.5 8825 112.5 110.4 90.5 115.9 433.3 1802 86.8 93.7 94.3 95.0 75.7 110.3 81.6 106.7 19-5 65.2 115.9 85.4 1803 86.8 98.7 94.3 95.0 7527 110.3 81.6 106.7 79.25 65.2 115.9 8544 1804 86.8 98.7 94.3 95.0 75.7 110.3 81.6 106.7 719.5 65.2 115.9 85.4 1805 86.8 98.7 54.3 95-9 75-7 110.3 81.6 106.7 71925 65e2 115.9 85.4 . 1807 86.8 93.7 94.3 $520 %@527 110.3 81-5 106.7 79.25 65.22 115.9 85.4 1808 86.8 86.8 98.7 65.2 115.9 115.9 85.4 85.4 1809 98.7 94.3 94.3 95.0 95.0 75.7 75.7 110.3 110.3 81.6 81.6 106.7 106.719.25 79.5 65.2 1810 86.8 98.7 $4.3 95.90 75.7 110.3 81.6 106.7 7925 65-2 115.9 85.4 1811 86.8 98.7 94.23 95.0 75.7 110.3 81.6 106.7 19.5 65-2 115.9 85.4

LOS ANGELES .

1780 102.6 130.6 14.3 0.0 110.4 143.3 75.0 154.5 500.0 80.0 0.0 0.0 1803 92-2 86.2 87.5 202.0 92-4 6544 92-3 114.8 0.0 0.0 100.0 0.0 1804 1900.0 89.5 100.0 20.0 10621 62.1 94.6 134.8 0.0 0-0 100.0 0.0 : 1805 90.2 72.7 142.9 83.5 81.3 80.0 95.7 60.0 0.0 0.0 50.0 0.0 1807 89.7 82.7 91.24 990.0 128.6 1282.5200.0 100.079.1 83.157.27 84.6$6.90 716.8113.3 93.1 0.0 1808 0.0 0.0 0.9 200.0 100.0 0.0 0.0 1809 121.4 96.0 113.7 102.6 101.5 84.6 120.0 94.9 0.0 0.0 355.6 133.3 1810 115.1 iliel ildOj7 121.4 81.4 130.0 122.4 96.5 0.0 0.0 375.0 166.7 1811 112.8 106.3 97-8 113.9 79.5 89.3 120.0 106.9. 0.0 0.0 381.8 140.0 1812 115.9 118.1 104.9 122.7 85.9 105.6 124.0 127.1 0.0 0-0 292.3 66.7 1816 87.3 108.1 90.9 582-1 8029 104.3 80.3 124.4 0.0 0.0 227.3 200.0 1817 Tle2 120.9 87.0 87.28 70.1 S5e7 6729 144.1 0.0 0.0 176.5 300.0

LOS ANGELES DE SETENTA ,

1801 87.3 88.8 84.6 84.8 88.9 88.9 54.1 97.6 0.0 0.0 $0.0 110.0

1805 98.1 86.0 9522 78.0 G1.1 100.0 87.6 10.4 0-0 0.0 168.0 171.4 1806 105.4 81.3 5425 84.2 137.8 155.6 $2.0 6320 0.0 0.0 166.7 81.3 1807 90.8 63.7 $5.3 55-7 G59 56-5 81.2 17.8 0.0 0.0 95.2 84.6 1809 87.7 68.9 91.6 692.9 94.5 52.8 84.5 716.29 0.0 0.0 65.6 72.7

LOS CANITZOS :

1802 101.0 126.0 112.0 300.v 0.0 0-0 89.8 119.1 125.0 50-0 116.23 120.9 1803 81.6i130.1 115.1960259 70.4 280.209 0.00.0 0.0932% 83.2 12224 114-9 157.21 130.0 0.0 17.23120.5 97-5 1804 90.6 28020 0-0 0.0 80.5 1805 80.8 139.5 103.3 333.3 0.0 0.0 75-9 140.6 97e1 100.0 T7602 127.8 1807 94.1 1283.9 100.0 350.0 0.0 0.0 $5.0 97.2 104-3 550.0 88.5 125.0 |

, 1808 90.9 114.1 103.3 225.0 0.0 0.0 92-1 8921 12262 0.0 8264 142.4 1809 0.9069.8 95.375.3 80-0111.1 122.2 0.0 0.0 71.2 8224 136.6 130.6 1810 92.5 1424105.3 94.6100.0 135.0225.0 85.7 0.90 0.0 0.0 181L 82.1 92.7 0.00.0 0.0$3.8 81.36925 86.5 45-7 100.0130.0 0.0 7425 1813 78.8 83.5 123.8 150.0 125.0 020 0.0 61.310223 106.3

PART II--TABLE 4 365

| TABLE 4. MALE/FEMALE RATIOS (CONTINUED) YEAR TOTAL M/F WHITE M/F INOIAN M/F PARDO M/F NEGRO M/F SLAVE M/F

ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD

1819 84.0 6328 200.0 66.7 0.0 0.0 83-9 £461.29 0.0 0.0 TV60el 7104

LOS GUAYOS ,

1820 8lel 60.7 200.0 6667 0.0 0.0 £842 56.38 0.0 0.0 6726 Tle& 1781 100.5 107.3 116.7 119.3 8924 99.0 106.0 113.5 0.0 ‘ 0.0 100.0 0.0 1795 98.3 104.64 110.2 10364 S6e4 106.3 89.8 105.38 0.0 0.0 140.0 66.67 1802 100.7 100.0 125.2 95.9 8922 9366 93.1 101.3 150.0 200.0 156.5 154.5 , 1803 93.3 100.0 118.1 122.4 86.3 94.8 75.5 92069 216.7 33463 151.9 163.2 1804 92.8 9947 103466 10661 86.1 92.1 81-7 9963 200.0 30-0 155.4 175.0 1805 84.3 9761 8962 11005 207? 87.0 8307 99309 11667 £41463 125.0 207.1 1816 91.9 98.47 81.8 108.5 86.1 102.6 98.7 88.9 100.0 0.0 105.3 175.0 LOS TEQUES

1796 98.4 113.2 . 98.5 102.1 85.9 137.5 106.8 150.0 8822 66.7 95.5 111.8 1799 98.1 107.4 98.5 98.2 85269 137-5 10664 13323 7728 66c7 £49669 125.0 1800 98.1 107.4 98.5 9862 85.9 137.5 10664 13363 77268 6607 96069 125.0 1i8cl 98.3 100.9 98.3 98.8 85.7 12222 4107.2 129.7 88.9 7520 9602 7124 1805 120.7 97.5 116.2 66.7 6662 220-06926 125.0 61.9 90.0 95.1 104.2 1811 71.3 57.1 68.5 4707$7462 81648145.6 2826 6822 6769 9168 4325

MACAIRA , | |

1816 92.5 93.6 92.5 105.0 91.6 92.63 98.0 80.6 66.7, 25.0 86.0 87.2 1817 «- 92.2 101.3 9207 10562 90.4 95.2 97-9 10129 70-0 6667 £48363 £9329

1784 112.9 109.2 0.0 200.0 132.0 104.5 113.8 0.0 26607 0.0 104.8 109.4 | 1802 113.8 112.5 0.0 0.0 122.2 300.0 275.0 133.23 100.0. 0.0 105.4 102.9 1803 105.0 151.3 0.0 0.0 260.0 233.3 100.0 0.0 200.0 500.0 9667 138.2 — 1804 105.5 106.7 0.0 0.0 166.7 83.3 100.0 3323 150-0 400.0 98.8 108.6 1806 98.8 104.3 £0.90 0.0 80.0 150.0 0.0 0.0 200.0 200.0 97.1 9726 1807 98.8 130.4 }0.0 0.0 100.0 300.0 0.0 0.0 250.0 50.0 94.68 130.2. 1808 79.575.0 100.9 133-3 71.4 0.0100.0 0.0 133.3 200.0 67.6£7323 100.0 1809 98.6 0.09.0 0-00.0 150.0 50.0 100.0 4090.0 0.0 88.7

1811 106.8 61.5 l1li.10.0. 9.00.0 0.0300.90 77.8 300.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 114.7 1817 137.2 0.0 114.3 0.0100.0 50.0 020 142.4 87.5 61.5

MACAIRITA | _ . | - |

- MACARAO ,

1805 100.0 120.5 0.0 0.0 133-3 125.0 0.0 0.0 100.0 0.0 9765 108.6. , 1802 Ble2 07403 87el = 8.006) 7863 6902 «907 7303) 5903 «7708 = B70) 6902 1803 101.3 92.0 60.1 8907 G2el 108.7 14368 9365 6667 7006 147068 £9148 1804 102.8 92.0 986% 103.7 93-5 100.0 101.1 6565 50.0 133.3 136-7 100.0

1805 97.1 84.2 92469 8963 8748 605 9268 7665 6864 100.0 117-8 83.3 1807 926.2 75.6 $5.8 68.8 78.7 781 8325 71-9 8667 80:0 9824 8926 1808 86.8 98.3 90.7 490.0 81.8 95.2 81.6 125.0 6346 233.3 90.7 £9221 1809 8266 77.2 887 8764 841 74.1 T4el 2227 5209 55.6 81.5 £90.29 1810 113.2 93.1 29762 102.64 133463 79.3 110.0 92269 9000 4209 145.7 9226

;)

366 PART TI--TABLE 4 TABLE 42 MALE/FEMALE RATIOS (CONTINUED)

YEAR TOTAL M/F WHITE M/F INDIAN M/F PARDO M/F NEGRO M/F SLAVE M/F ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD |

1811 85.0 98.1 89.3 S6e1 809.9 108.3 83.3 91.3 68.4 5721 82.9 110.0 1812 87.981.7 73-64% 69.22 120.0 150.0 181588.8 82.088.5 981.7 81.995.0 70.7 76.985.9 63.9 92.973.3 91.7 0.0S225 95.3114.6 89.0

1816 84.1 84.4 87.8 80.2 69.28 71.4 64.6 114.3 80.0 60.0 96.1 86.7 1817 78.5 85 24 81.8 14-2 81.8 81.3 62.9 84.2 37.5 0.0 86.7 109.1 1818 78.5 82.8 81.8 69.7 81.8 81.3 62.9 84.2 37.5 0.0 86.7 109.21 1819 19.6 87.1 82.7 1526 82.9 82.44 6424 90.9 44.4 200.0 87.7 111.8 1820 1926 87.1 82.7 7526 82.9 82.44 6424 99.0 44.4 200.0 87.7 111.8 1822 1823 82.8 84.8 74.0 78.613.7 86.41526 90.8 89.1 88.27925 79.5 86.5 84.6 61.5 61.5 80.0 70.063.26 5328 86.4 85.3 19.7 7967

MAGDALENO | 1802 93.6 88.8 88-1 119.6 86.0 86.% 96.8 1323 62.5 200.0 118.6 120.0 —

1803 94.3 110.8 94-5 112.3 65.6 176.6 98.1 123-5 121.1 18.3 97.6 85.7 1804 92.1 109-1 92.8 99-1 78.9 150.0 87.2 111.0 142.9 0.0 146.7 115.4 1805 98.0 96.9 87.8 106.9 115.% 133.3 96.2 88.2 225.20 0.0 160.4 95.2 1866 95.8 112.90 92-7 10225 1564.3 33.3 $522 118.2 5020 146.2 134.5 120.0 © 1809 93.9 114.1 136.9 140.7 100.0 45.5 85.6 111.2 75-7 145.5 91.4 115.8

MAIQUETIA }

1796 9224 90.3 89.0 7923 148.1 66.7 86.5 7325 0.0 0.0 103.7 188.0 1802 86.3 91.0 80.2 86.8 130.0 125.0 72-4 119.0 86.8 71.4 112.1 87.5 1804 6225 89.23 70.6 120.7 122.6 90.2 88.1 1805 89.1 93.8 78.1 81.5$5.3 102.5 56-0 73-5100.0 77.2873.7 80.1B2el1 92-9 718.4 91.5 84.0

1807 17.4 82.5 71.9 6225 96.6 77.48 718.6 ©§ 98.6 57.3 52.8 98.5 104.9 | 1811 80.6 88.1 1529 71.9 103.0 114.3 15.7 98.6 6228 7829 114.24 94.7 1815 73.7 89.1 98.6 101.0 57.6 166.7 60.3 80.4 672% 84.8 82.6 88.9 1817 44.6 8524 48.6 713-9 48-4 183.3 34.4 B1.5 38.4 58.3 59.6 97.5

. MAMPGRAL -

1819 73.7 89.1 98.6 101.0 57.6 1866.7 60.3 80.4 6724 84.8 82.6 88.9

1784 $5.68 90.6 94.7 50.0 133.3 166.7 71.4 100.0 69.2 240.90 102.3 69.2 1802 97.23 80.0 141.7 44.4 58.3 100.0 91.7% 100.9 81.8 300.0 100.8 78.3 1804 95.5 110.6 140.0 140.0 185.7 133.3 57.7 93.3 67.26 183.3 103.1 100.0 1805 9420 122.6 111.1 250.0 113.3 220.0 85.7 100.0 50.9 100.0 104.6 114.7 18C7 91.3 123.4 200.0 133.3 66.7 200.0 85.1 94.7 48.3 85.7 99-1 140.6 , 1808 85.6 130.4 164.3 125.0 73.3 300.0 86.1 271.4 57.5 60.0 87.3 119.4 1809 76.9 135.4 214.3 100.0 100.0 $00.0 52.9 91.7 66.0 146.7 78.6 125.7 1812 79.21 107.8 163.6 5526 121.4 100.0 121-6 119.22 56.0 50.0 56.0 93.3 |

1816 80.7 100.0 JeO 0.0 75.0 0.0 87-5 150.0 200.0 0.0 75.0 66.7

1817 S7.0 120.0 0.90 0-0 87.25 450.0 0.0 0.0 147.6 200.0 80.9 76.20 1818 114.4 110.5 0-0 100.0 25.0 0.0 81-8 144-64 150.0 150.0 129.9 104.2 1820 88.9 382.0 0-0 02.0 80.0 0.0 6526 93.3 ‘50.20 75.0 100.0 80.0

| an | , | PART TI--TABLE 4 =. 367 - ; “TABLE 4. MALE/FEMALE RATIOS (CONTINUED) | | YEAR TOTAL M/F WHITE M/F INDIAN M/F PARDO M/F —s NEGRO M/F SLAVE M/F ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD oe

MANAPIRE | — _ - | , ——- _

1804 149.3 149.1 130.0 15363 111-8 142-9 118.9 131.8 100.0 200.0 276.0 175.0 1807 126.1 126.6 11268 9565 10747 300.0 93.3 95.7 13323 133.3 225.9 200.0 | 1808 126.4 126.6 112.8 95.5 113.3 300.0 93.3 95.7 13343 13343 225.9 200.0

| MARACA a | a | |

1810 139.3 12301 11960 107-7 11862 166.7 119.7 125.0 100.0 66.7 225.0 144.4 |

1778 ©| 1803 86.3 77.2 118.2 113.0 81.6 6265156.7 936890.1 74.7184.0 116.889.8 83.5100.0 108.6200.0 140.00.0 0.014.3 87.50.0 300.0 (1804 77.7 106.0 7169 106.6 86.7 90.9 75.2 1181 100.0 100.0 114.3 200.0 | 1805 80.0 94.6 6669 101.2 94.8 75.2 78.7 117.4 108-3 0.0 350.0 100.0 © | 1806 7769 «98.6 = 6468 «10163 9647 80.3 71.8 132.8 66.7 7520 160.0 100.0

1807 8962 87.9 «7405-8507 9862 89el 94463 9362 9542 68.8 108.23 50.0 1808 85.0 8369 7769 79.5 84.9 82.5 9157 94.9 100.0 78.6 109.1 50.0 1809 90.7 89.4 8766 17947 94.8 83.9 82.2 120.0 120.0 80.0 108.3 33.3 1810 87.5 85.5 87.0 80.8 80.8 83.7 90.2 92.9 121.1 92.9 127.3 100.0 — 1817 87.2.) 95.30 741 «= 8745 10268 113.3 83-5 104.5 150.0 060 200.0 0.0

MARACAY Oo | | |

1782.92.5 112.2 90.3 11864 10365 146.1 99.0 78.178.0 92.692.5 934894.9 94.9134.1 104.5| | 1796 10664 104.0 10364 0.0 0.08403 82.64 103.6 1802 125.9 83.1 127.1 82.8 208.0 109.1 141.8 70.5 102.3 86.9 103.9 122.2 — , 1803 125.3 87.1 127.3 84.9 200.0 92.9 140.0 79.8 103.0 87-1 103.9 122.0. 1804 121.3 9344 11264 Led 183.1 110.0 140.4 7927 9763 9203 10465 14664 | | 1805 84.2 105.6 8263 1146 102.3 100.0 80.5 98.9 200.0 0.0 96.9 108.6 1808 84.9 105.9 983.1 114.8 103.6 9348 80.7 99.3 170.0 250.0 97.7 108.9 ~

1809 113.2 96.5 127.3 109.0 88.9 92.9 114.0 79.8 103.0 87.1 103.9 122.0 | 1816 80.3 10125 5163 94.6 50.0 93.3 89.9 115.3 78.7 73.3 9167 97-1 1817 60.5 100.6 51-6 1l1lel 55.0 120.0 51.6 85.2 51.3 171.4 103.8 125.6 1818 9663 9763 Qbe2 108.0 150.0 65.5 93.2 96.6 126.0 91.9 96.3 89.8 1819 100.6 $7.1 105.9 107.1 136.8 74.4 93.4 96.7 12327 9163 95.7 89.8 :

MARIA | oo | | _ OO 7

1803 86.5 89.2. 91s1 09220 7304 9765 90.6 8765 76.2 72.7 100.0 66.7

1804 81.9 100.0 9662 8361 113628164 754082.8 9342 81.0 85.9 150.0 0.0 120.0 100.0 55.6 57.1 :| 1805 87.9 89.0 114.9 87.3 94.4 100.0 300.0 1806 86.2 9868 8365 122066 8067 106.9 8962 82.1 133.3 100.0 120.0 54.5 |

MARIARA | | a | |

1807 84.8 97.0 84.5 9841 6343 114.8 8146 96.7 200.0 66.7 157.1 44.4 |

1811 85.7 105.6 81el 11706 91.65 97.1 82.1 100.9 144.4 100.0 90.0 100.0

(1802 101.4 9768 128.3 12642 80.8 100.0 100.6 83.8 79.7 88.9 88.7 120.5

1803 107.5 112.0 116.0 153.2 120.8 87.5 105.9 93.2 94.5 118.6 106.3 115.6 |

368 PART ITI--TABLE 4 TABLE 4. MALe/FEMALE RATIOS (CONTINUED)

YEAR TOTAL M/F WHITE M/F INDIAN M/F PARDO M/F NEGRO M/F SLAVE M/F

ADULT CHILD ADULT CHIt) ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD

1804 108.3 190.3 125.3 142.1 100.0 150.0 i08.3 81.9 107.28 107.7 88.1 10623 1805 103.4 i11.2 115.5 123.5 $46.0 133.3 95.7 105-1 154.7 87.5 91.9 131.4

1809 97.0 99-4 105-1 101.9 105.4 102.1 91.4 103.0 102.2 87.1 89.8 94.1 1815 93-2 112.1 100.0 132.9 i07.1 113.3 84.2 102.9 148.5 90.3 86.9 135.6 1816 91.7 96.6 B7.5 112-9 133.3 120.0 85.6 9326 110.0 85.7 131.3 81.3 1817 98.8 98.9 990% 108.9 120.6 500.9 100.6 97.5 726 [3.1 96.3 91.3 1818 87.7 1090.6 9228 103.0 93.8 112.5 82-1 101.1 102.3 143.8 99.2 7124

MONTAL BAN :

1802 86.8 107.7 100-3 110.0 0.0 U-0 85.6 111.1 60.9 68.9 71.9 125.9 1803 84.3 133.4 39.3 130.6 0.0 0.0 81.3 140.3 252.9 133.3 62-5 110.3. 1804 83.7 135-41 88.0 135.5 0.0 0.0 81.7 137-6 195.7 200.0 61.5 109.5 © 1806 79.0 101.2 84.2 14.9 0.0 0.0 78.5 133.7 160.9 212.5 51.22 B6.1 1808 7466 115.4599e1 6625130-2 88.5 0.90 82.2.6 1810 85.7 126.1 125.00.0 U.9 79.6143.7 133.7145.0 642%147.8 65.6 51.5 85.7 84.8 120.5 1815 105.9 85.9 106.1 79.8 100.0 200.0 113.3 85.3 93-3 118.2 89.8 91.1 1818 85.22 86.9 83.9 852.0 87-5 150.0 85.2 94.0 76.7 87.25 91.8 4620 1820 95.8 91.3 95.20 9503 80.0 80.0 97.5 8723 97-4 104.7 88.8 82.6 MORON

1804 116.5 122.2 020 0.0 0.0 0-0 120.4 96.4 0.0 0.0 95.2 164.7

1805 103.1 161.90 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 94.2 175.0 90.0 250.0 120.6 136.8 1806 93.3 1965.1 020 0.0 0.0 0.0 100.0 112.0 92.3 100.0 85.7 100.0 18C7 100.0 131.0 0.0 020 0.0 0-90 96.6 116.7 85.0 0.0 111.9 150.0.

1818 87.6 90.5 0.0 0.00.0 0.00.0 0.00.0 73.8 82.4% 0.0 0.0 118.9 125.0 1819 98-4 100.0 020 90.0 90.9 0.0 0.0 113.6 | 1820 95.8 90.7 0.0 150.9 0.0 0.0 98.8 92.7 90.9 89.7 91.9127.3 82.9

MOROTURO , |

1804 81.9 116.7 7625 700.0 92.9 178.9 86.0 166. 78.2 100.0 58.3 100.0 1805 87.1 95.5 65.26 40.0 $0.0 50.0 91.5 123641 83-9 15721 155.6 33.3 1807 715-64 144.4 100.0 0.0 70.8 100.0 66.9 150.0 125.0 100.0 160.0 150.0 1808 81.9 96.7 7625 700.0 92.9 52.6 86.0 125.0 78e2 100.0 58.3 50.0 1869 81.4 130.3 94-4 111.1 145.5 5090.0 72064 128.5 150.0 50-0 100.0 150.0 1315 81.9 103.3 7625 10020 G2.9 78.9 86.0 156.7 78.2 100.0 58.3 50.0

NAGUANAGUA ,

1802 109.7 113.5 90-4 118.0 100.0 VeQ0 104.1 101.4 100.0 0.0 189.0 133.3 1803 101.1 110.0 85.7 113-c 100.0 0.0 87.4 91-1 100.0 0-0 201.4 177.3 i804 102.8 127.90 81.6 13225 50.0 150.0 103.1 104.1 100.0 0.0 175.4 181.8

1805 98.1 131.8 7826 103.1 3323 3209.0 101.3 188.9 020 0-0 144.8 67.7 1809 93-5 103.2 82.8 107.7 75.0 0.0 90.1 88.0 0.0 0.0 130.0 133.3 1816 104.6 99.6 S802 90.0 78.6 92.0 90.0 200.0 146.2 58.3 130.6 52.0

PART ITI--TABLE 4 369 TABLE 42 MALE/FEMALE RATIOS (CONTINUED)

YEAR TOTAL M/F WHITE M/F INDIAN M/F PARDO M/F NEGRO M/F SLAVE M/F

ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD

NAIGUATA |

1801 114.9 83.1 191.7 400.0 85.1 90.0 185.7 0-0 250.0 100.0 116.5 16.7 1802 118.8 98.8 144.4 300.09 87.1 125.0 160.0 0.0 160.0 100.0 125.8 86.2 | 1804 111.0 154.2 108.3 300.0 65.3 3222.2 100.0 0.0 100.0 0.0 120.7 94.3 1805 95.296461 114.3138-5 128.6125.0 100.068.9 65.7152.4 192.9 175.0 0.0 50.0 0.0 102.7 1809 98.5 50.0 0.0 50.0 0.0 106.8 80.3 96.6 | 1810 109.7 90.3 188.S 140.0 84.8 150.0 50.0 16.7 75.0 20.0 114.26 81.4 1811 94e1 102.7 240.0 110.0 67.7 119.4 100.0 166.7 100.0 600.0 95.2 88.7 1816 82.6 107.5 68.8 125.0 100.0 257.1 38.1 250.0 7520 0-0 86.0 10.0 1817 88.5 80.9 1142.3 125.0 88.6 116.7 50.0 133.23 110.0 50.0 85.6 66.20 | 1822 69.8 98.5 200.0 200.0 63.6 92.9 57.7 200.0 90.9 300.20 65.9 82.6

NIRGUA

1781 87.2.8 95.8 250.0 300.9 0.0 0.0 86.9 952 0.0 0.0 57-1 125.0 1802 7922104.1 $117.4 100.0 175.0 0.90 79.1 118.1 66.7 40.0 70.0 1803 98.5 7323 125.0 0-00.00.0 98.8 104.6 0.00.0 0-00.0 100.0 1804 99-1 104.1 93.8 125.9 0.0 0.0 99.1 104.6 0.0 0.0 100.0 40.0 1805 67.7 106.4 94-7 130.0 0.0 0.0 66.2 105.7 0.0 0.0 95.2 110.0 © 1806 68.0106.4 106.1942-7 100.9 140.0 105-1 0.0 95-2 0.0 90.9 1807 67.7 130.0 0.00.0 0.0 0.0 66.266.5 10567 0.0. 0.0 110.0110.0 | 1808 91.2 102.9 8921 T2e.f 25-40 0.0 $62.2 115.5 7723 78.0 60.0 115.4 1809 65.0 87.0 5425 180.0 0.90 0.0 5722 88.2 86.8 82.9 78.6 37.5 1810 96.1 19.25 7723 157.1 72.7 383.3 100.9 72.0 91.5 87.3 51.0 200.0 1813 71.3 103.3 121-1 225.0 0.0 0.0 7026 102.26 0.0 0.0 66.7 87.5 1817 70-5 101-1 121-1 175.0 0.0 £0.29 69-8 100.8 0.0 0.0 66.7 87.5

1819 5526 59.6 97.5 121.1 225.90.9 0.00.0 0.054.8 58.6 962% 0.0 0.0 66.7 112.5 1820 93.6 77-3 275.0 96.3 0.0 0.0 7922 200.0 1821 5527 105.3 144-4 125.0 0.0 0.0 55.0 105.7 0.0 0.0 5623 62.5 /

UCUMARE DE LA COSTA | | a

1802 83.2 35.7 100.0 0.0 0.0 79.089.3 178-3129.48 113.0 0.0 1803 93.389.7 96.0148.1 147.8 27-3 250.0 86.619.29 88.17629 95.0 99.3 : 1805 106.4 97.0 110.9 123.3 56.7 T2el0.0 0.90 77-258ef 100.0 91.7200.0 75.0 106-2 1809 92.9 151.7 0.00.0 106.0 112.5 102.4 119.8 123.0 1815 12.8 94 24 93.9 60.0 0.0 0.0 64.0 97-7 420% 75.20 81.2 96.3 1816 69.7 = Z20006U 5920 95.7 39.6 62.5101.5 82.0 93.4 1817 76.7 928 94441320 642.5 133.3 0.0 0.0 0.00.0 60.2 108.1 37.0 5328 88.1. 1819 84.44 77.8 161.21 350.) 0.0 100.0 96.0 73-1 32.25 45.25 81.6 78.9 1820 82.9 86.2 89-8 300.0 £0.20 100.0 96.5 7726 59.1 71.4 80.6 87.1

OCUMARE DEL TUY |

1783 92-0 115.5 862-5 137.0 136.4% 250.90 85.3 104.0 50.5 130-4 106.5 111.2

1802 96.7 98.0 96.7 $5.2 100.8 74.7 1423 105.25 76,8 27.7 112.3 115.1 1803 80.32 84.2 89.7 77e7 85-2 90.0 59.6 83.3 59.6 67.8 94.0 108.1 1804 93.7 105.8 7826 131.8 100.7 69.2 80.1 10944 71.5 128.6 106.7 104.6

370 PART [I--TABLE 4 TABLE 4. MALE/FEMALE RATIOS (CONTINUED)

YEAR TOTAL M/F WHITE M/F INDIAN M/F PARDO M/F NEGRO M/F. SLAVE M/F

ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD

1805 93.7 107.1 8126 136.8 98.6 7029 80-2. 109.3 71.9 127.9 106.7 104.5 1810 92-8 108.9 98.6 98.1 94.4 120.4 76-1 110.1 87-5 126.3 98.9 107.0 1811 80.6 105.2 97-8 106.3 85.4.1 140.4 6943 100-7 80.2 155.0 81.7 96.9

1815 19.3 91.890.0 83.8103.6 1402101.8 66.7 65.8 81.156.8 81.060.4 94.39229 943T3el 80.096.6 832387.6 99.3 85.7 , 1820 87.24 1822 64.0 82.6 78.4 90-i 6627 50.0 3644 1426 5662 8349 77.29 92.93

| ORTIZ

1780 117.2 91.0 109.6 100.0 113.8 173.7 80.0 100.0 162.1 133-3 196.6 42.1 1802 602 1333 231.4 190.0 221.1 | 180398.7 88.7275.8 121.78322 78.82994¢2 121.8 144-4 83.387.8 90.448.5 84.8126.2 105.33350.0 183.3 156.3 1804 99.5 113.2 95.1 112.4 79.5 100.0 106.9 111.5 100.0 180.0 147.6 107.1 1805 9923 103.1 $5.1 101.4 77.5 100.0 106.9 117-4 100.0 60.0 147.6 116.7 1806 9723 9625 139.589.0 102.79323 $6.2 18.6 114-391.8 114.8 71.8116.1 73-2184e2 112-1 130.475.0 153.3 | 1807 131.6 99.7 85.8 81.0 149.1

1808 98.3 95.5 96-2 G77 117.6 130.0 88.0 8927 91.4 85-7 162.5 84.6 1809 76.29 93.5 390.3 92-7 141.4 66.7 1810 $8.6 98.6 87.9 88.7 9522 9626 91.8 88.8 109.1 89.3 75.0 95.6 96.8 92.7 66.775.0 130.6 107.7 1813 972.0 106.1 94-0 101.7 6926 100.0 102.0 10645 81.8 13624 136.5 142.1 OSPINO

1802 76.5 110.2 725 =486115.6 67.2 91.5 80.7 111.0 89.8 108.7 57.25 131.6 1803 75.9 111.2 772.6 117-3 67.4% G84 792-2 110.4 88.2 81.5 58.3 142.5 ©

1804 722.0101.3 118.7 85-5 94.5 121.3 82.3 97-9 992489.5 81.5 75.0 6529 61.8 72.28116.3 95.5 1805 80-4 83.3106.4 99.3 82-3 97.2 85.3 1806 8324 102.1 82.5 104.5 87.0 100.0 84.5 99.6 93.26 80.0 62.5 127.23 1807 84.3 101-0 81.4% 104.4 87.6 96.0 86.9 99.4 91.2 1629 65-6 126.1 1808 88.4121.0 99.9 92.29 98.5 T1725 4622 93.5 134.182.9 84.2105.3 80.0 69.0 62.1 87.8 83.0 | 1809 7521 83-4 115-8 66-1 91.3 74.9 144.25 1810 74.22 121.0 83.4 115.8 65.8 91.3 73-1 144.25 79.0 105.3 70.7 87.8 1811 7529 115.8 80-7 115.9 066.2 119.6 78.1 111.3 71.0 200.0 58.2 97.8 | 1817 7529 121.9 80-7 115.9 6622 11926 7821 124.26 71.0 200.20 58.2 97.8 :

PANAQUIRE © } Oo

; 1784 117.8 144.0 121.4 80.0 147.21 400.0 173.3 70.0 50.0 0.0 106.4 160.6 1802 123.5 105.2 195.0 200.0 137.5 141.7 137.0 111.1 100.0 0.0 114.5 97.8 1803 116.4 197.3 152.0 175.0 140.9 200.0 155.0 5828 0.0 0-0 106.6 106.1 1804 130.6 97.23 200.0 66.7 168.4 150.0 188.9 150.0 100.0 0.0 116.0 9026 1805 130.1 101.6 177.8 200.0 127.8 81.3 147.6 72.7 23323 100.0 122.2 106.3 1807 128.4% 117.2 181.3 60-0 130.8 280.0 187.90 1026 0.0 0.0 115.2 120.2 — 1808 125.3 115.1 147.4 50.0 138.5 250.0 187.29 70.6 150.0 0-0 115.0 120.2 1809 116.0 95.1 188.9 33-3 160.0 7343 140.0 91.7 200.0 0.0 101.5 103.3 1811 114.3 95-1 300.0 2520 207.7 100.0 91-4 2143 46.7 50.0 109.8 89.2 1812 113.2 93.3 210.0 282.6 130.0 176.9 $223 158.23 61.5 66-7 114.2 92.9

1816 85.7 86.2 2202.0 166.7 100.0 100.0 61.0 58.23 6225 75.0 88.6 93.0

| | PART II--TABLE 4 371 ©

| a TABLE 4.2 MALE/FEMALE RATIOS (CONTINUED) | |

YEAR TOTAL M/F WHITE M/F INDIAN M/F PARDO M/F — NEGRO M/F SLAVE M/F ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ,

PARACOTIS , |

1783 131.2 95-90 150.8 8128 161.6 85.0 130.2 123.41 92-1 171.4 96.5 40.0 . 1802 109.5 128.6 110.3 142.9 94.9 143.6 113.1 111.4 100.0 128.6 133.3 120.0 1803 121.2 130.6 105.7 155.4 90.1 125.0 112.4 121.3 118.8 211.1 260.0 105.3

1804 105.9 118.1 108.0 107.5 97.8 153.2 114.0 106.6 141.7 183.3 90.0 104.3 1806 103.8 94.2 99.4 86.0 105.9 98.6 104.5 113.7 130.0 125.0 116.9 84.0 , 1807 95.0 95.3 94.1 86.0 106.6 108.3 104.5 113.7 £92.49 62.5 66.4 84.0 — 1808 100.4 931 9403 86209 106.1 97.6 104.2 113.7 94.7 62.5 111.1 84.0 © | 1809 90.2 87.4 93.8 $1.5 78.8 84.0 97.6 83.3 106.3 75.0 89.25 90.7 1810 97.5 $91.2 942.5 91468 107.6 93.8 97.8 89.5 106.3 75.0 88.1 90.29 , 1812 $5.5 86.5 101.9 €7-.6 93.0 94.3 9222 7229 $3.0 61.5 93.0 101.9 | 1816 9224 100.0 93-4 138.3 93.7 81.0 19.24 8264 89.4 90-8 128.8 120.0 | 1817 90.9 99.2 93.0 133.3 88.1 65.1 81.5 91.7 89.4 93-5 114.9 108.3 Oo 1820 80.8 111.2 80.7 133-3 78.0 110.5 97.1 D7el = 040 O20 76.3 121.9

PARAPARA | | | | | | oe

1781 9622 133-2 103.8 120.0 88.2 58.6 94.7 163.7 73.9 200.0 119.0 73.5 | 1782 $8.1 130.9 152.3 124.5 40.0 67.7 65-1 159.8 75-8 188.2 108.8 65.0 1802 93.6 112.6 99.5 127.5 118.2 111.1 77-7? 116.9 98.0 108.4 166.7 80.8 | 1803 94.8 104.3 9929 105-4 882-9 93.8 86.3 111.7 94.7 103.8 146.9 82-1 1805 96.5 9947 938.5 110.0 84.6 77.8 89.4 9844 9722 97.0 148.4 92.0 | 18C7 88.1 11667 8848 12165 4464 6667 8861 116.4 83.2 119.6 107.1 105.9 1809 87.9 127.9 391.4 $120.35 59.0 66.7 87.9 133.9 78-9 130.4 104.3 488.9 | 1810 87.5 123-28 92265 114.5 42.9 100.0 87.0 131.6 79.0 119.2 106.3 92.3 ©

PATANEMO | a | | | PAYARA . , 7 oo |

1811 88.2 93.8 87-6 9264 5060 57-1 88.0 95.29 90.1 89.6 100.0 9404

1802 78.8 111.4 0.0 66.7 100.0 0.0 87.7 132.43 39-3 133.3 83.8 94.9. oo.

1803 83.2 104.7 1509.0 £2u.0 160.0 0.0 88.9 108.3 4223 112.5 89.1 111.1 | oO 1804 88.2 146.42 0.0 2520 200.0 #920 74-3 126.29 7723 200.0 108.2 185.0 1805 89.8 125.0 0.0 40.0 169.0 0.90 752.2 106.7 70.8 57e1 119.0 181.8 © 1808 85.4 111.8. 020 vee) 0.0 0.20 1224 91.4 87.0 711.4 93.5 177.3 1818 91.9 110.8 100.0 0-0 105.0 1819 103.0 112.60.0 0-0200.9 200.0£0.0 200.0 50.01927 %6s110626 94.22200.0 75.0 150.0 115.2115.0 176.5 1780 103.7 Bl.l1 190.0 i60.0 92.7 76.7 142.9 400.0 0.0 0.0 264.3 100.0 1804 99-% 119.2 97-1 125.0 102.5 141.9 96.6 110.7 92.29 77-8 105.1 83.3. | 1805 959.5 123.1 96-8 111.1 104.8 144.0 942.2 137.25 94.1 83.3 111.1 172.8 | 1806 9940 123.5 $5.3 12768 104.3 144.0 94.2 1259.44 94.1 63.3 111.1 77.8 |

372 PART II--TABLE 4 : TABLE 42 MALE/FEMALE RATIOS (CONTINUED)

YEAR TOTAL M/F WHITE M/F INDIAN M/F PARDO M/F NEGRO M/F SLAVE M/F ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD 4DULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD

1812 99.5 81.3 96.28 90.0 104.8 69.4 S402 72.7 94-1 120.0 111.1 128.6

PETAR :

1802 96.5 87.3 89.3 83.7 84.6 88.1 133.5 7729 89.5 88.3 95.2 92.9

1803 9726 9223 B3.7 91.1 83.9 96.1 137.9 #£=%886 90.7 88.5. 97.9 94.0 | 1805 109.7 91.5 102.9 102.6 92.2 80.3 $2.1 78.9 77.2 1ile5S 148.8 97.8 1806 101.9 94.8 96.3 85.4 683.9 120.3 95.5 80.0 6204 93.9 128.0 102.8 1807 107.9 88.2 96.4% 93.4% 96.1 89.0 100.9 80.5 97-2 100.0 129.9 90.1 1811 89.8 9B.2 96.0 1812 99.5 98.6 91.7 91.5 $3.90 1C€6.682.1 $4.3106.8 99.21115.1 94.8 100.0 100.5 92-3 8004100.5 82.5 9521 97.5 94.0 1615 98.26118.6 $5.2 67265 97.3 $8.2 101.9 63.6 99.4 83.0 95.7 102.1 102.2 1816 T7e1 142.7 2.0 185.4% 1704 87% 721 78.3 98.9 93.3 168.8 1817 81.3 105.3 83.9 107.5 68746 148.2% 15.7 70.9 75.2 77.8 92-1 159.2 1818 78.25 107.6 79.5 117.7 6725 139.5 63.6 93.6 732.2 125.0 105.2 101.5 1819 78-9 108.1 70-7 117.8 64-6 141.7 65.2 92.6 73-2 125.0 104.1 104.1 1820 7923 110.0 72-1 #11660 6522 142.9 67.3 96.7 7323 12321 105.2 107.7 1821 79.9 197.6 71.5 1142.3 64.8 142.6 68.9 95.3 73-3 126.23 106.0 102.9 1804 103.3 B6.2 101.5 82.2 88.0 72.7 122.0 67.7 106.26 75-9 100.7 125242

1822 99.0 107.1 92.3 114.4% 65.6 143.6 112.4 95.9 104.9 106.7 106.3 101.8

PUERTO CABELLO .

1803 71.1 99.4 107.2 100.0 31.8 0.0 6324 95.1 64.8 113.0 76.2 102.0 1804 98.1 4724 85-3 53.23 41-2 100.0 70.9 134.9 108.8 82.2 85.7 48.6 72.1 1805 71.3 66.9 9244 81.2 85.8 100.061.0 57.795.26 94.9 75.8 1806 65.0 71.677.8 93.23 87-3 2826 25.0 50.6 192443.9 83.8192.9 70.3 isil 63.1 1402 8GSe-1 58.2 125.0 67.964.5 90.5T1429 56.0 3628 1817 12.6 91.2 98.3 79-2 59.21 125.0 67.4 75.0 78.4 100.0 44.9 160.7 1819 80.980.5 59.8107.1 84.851.38 52-8 175.0 90.9 62-5 78.2 132.7 59-1 80.5 69.9 12.4 80.6 1820 48.2 33.3 28-1 62.0 104.3 58.6 63.6 PUERTO CABELLO, CASTILLO

1801 339.1 66.f 402.5 5526 0.0 0-0 465-7 200.0 0.0 0.0 107.4 80.0 1804 24223 144.0 480.0 119.0 0.0 0.0 164.4 200.0 0.0 0.0 84.2 128.6 1805 301.2 102.6 366.7 166.7 0-0 0e0 367.9 84.6 0.0. 0.0 126.7 64.3

1806 502.5 123.5 545.1 136.4 290.0 0.0 686.0 160.0 0.0 0.0 193.1 9424 1807 432-4 123.2 491.5 137.25 125.0 0-0 539.3 125.0 0.0 0-0 150.0 106.7 1808 414.3 126.5 456.0 129.0 128.6 0.0 533.3 121.7 0.0 0-0 155.6 128.6 1809 370.0 11526 457.8 1184c 24249 0-0 364.0 115.4 0.0 0.0 182.9 125.0 1810 611.5 97.3 1103.7 135.5 425.0 0-0 530-2 6026 0.0 0.0 115.8 142.9

QUARA |

1819 1962.5 68.8 1013.6 70.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 177.8 66.7 1820 2100.0 100.0 723.6 75.20 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 310.0 250.0 1782 81.4 88.2 4444 0.0 83.0 84.7 85.7 60.0 5526 66.7 0.0 | 0.0

1791 79.9 115.7 125.0 0.0 78.4 122.7 100.0 57.1 #£=920 0.0 0.0 0.0

PART II-~TABLE 4 373 TABLE 42 MALE/FEMALE RATIOS (CONTINUED)

YEAR TOTAL M/F WHITE M/F INOTAN M/F PARDC M/F NEGRO M/F SLAVE M/F ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD

1802 74.6 103.4 62-5 200.0 75.4 98.1 65.0 137.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1803 71.7 1090.9 107.1 5425 104.4 66.7 0.0 | 0.9 0.0 66.7 33.3 166.7 66.7 0.0 1804 89.8 59-0 70020 3200.07329 90.9 100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

1805 75.0 111.9 116-7 100.0 71.2 103.4 175-0 11463 80-0 200.0 0.0 020 1807 90.2 151.28 100.9 300.0 838.1 149.3 9622 160.0 108.3 100.0 0.0 0.0 1808 79.6 110.7 83.3 300.0 7721 101.0 109.5 155.6 90-9 125.0 0.0 0.0 1809 192% 126.5 133-3 600-0 78.2 121.6 75.0 350.0 80.0 S7el 0.0 0.0 | 1810 77.9 12824 120-0 100.0 76.0 125.8 86.7 233.3 100.0 60.20 0.0 0.0 1811 7422 65.1 1502.0 600.0 70.4 55.29 840% 23323 106.7 3323 0.9 0.0 1815 68.1 100.0 185.7 50.0 65.29 102.8 71.4 100.0 50.0 75.0 °#£9.0 0.0

QUIBOR | |

1817 7225 120.6 15721 133.3 70.0 118.8 1.1 240.0 87.5 27.3 0.0 0.0 1818 90.2 7223 150.0 100.0 92.0 72.2 77.6 7603 8224 520% 77.8 150.0 1819 82.1 67.8 150.0 80.0 83.1 67.25 71.7: = =78.8 7520 52-20 90.9 75.0

1802 89.2 84.3 88.3 80.5 82.9 933.7 $4.8 87.9 91.5 85.5 87.8 86.5 1804 89.6 91.5 88.6 83.7 83.7 84.0 94.5 99-6 91.9 99.3 88.7 101.0 1805 90.9 85.9 89.7 82.0 85.6 85.2 $5.3 88.5 9424 89.5 89.7 87.7 1806 90.9 85.9 89.7 82.0 85.6 8522 $5.3 8825 944 89.5 89.7 87.7 1807 90.2 84.6 89.7 8220 85.6 85.22 92.6 82.9 9424 89.5 89.7 87.7 1808 91.5 85.1 9026 3203 87.0 85.7 92.7 84.90 9722 88.5 91.3 90.3 | 1810 81.4 106.5 81-6 106.9 79.7 9242 82.0 112.7 8226 122.2 78.9 108.3 1812 88.0 82.0 85.7 82.25 76.9 04.9 04.) 86.0 $4.1 1625 85.8 89.0 1816 90.2 33.9 85.8 B1e5 1429 6726 5$8e2 86e0Tf 9304 19.25 96.2 87.1 1817 86.7 $5.3 85.0 940.5 7526 65.6 89.8 87.3 89.0 1524 96.1 89.2 1818 94.3 57.8 717.5920% 9221 1819 69.9 71.4 85.7 91.1 5506 69.9 $8.2 71.1 65.5 66.7 82.7 10.4 877 94.480.64 54-6 7329 95.3 98.5 1803 86.2 88.2 83825 80.5 6664 82-20 94.8 B7e9 91-5 127.25 87-8 8645

RIG CHICO |

1820 73.3 90.3 71.26 93-8 15.4 176.0 72.2 92.20 56el 94.0 98.2 9204

1802 101.0 89.6 388.9 500.U 136.4 116.7 127.3 111-5 84.8 90.9 88.4 76.7 1803. 99-1 91.0 345.5 500.0 93.3 125.0 119.2 110.7 84.8 85.7 88.1 1867 1804 $7.8 93.8 185.7 500.9 90.0 300.0 103.4 85.7 84.8 133.3 $4.9 83.3 1807 162.3 87.0 509-1 66-7 83.3 112.5 174.3 85-7 116.2 100.0 159.6 82.7 1808 157.6 94.8 509-1 5721 84.0 105.6 16222 86.5 112.5 135.0 156.0 91.5 1809 156.9 $5.8 509.1 87.5 84.20 105.6 162.2 86-5 112.5 135.0 155.1 91.45 1810 152.3 98.2 338.1 200.0 35.7 104.8 141.3 87.5 111.1 119.2 153.5 91.7 1811 140.0 98.0 277.8 100.0 9124 112-5 102.7 10564 126-2 110.0 144.9 906 1812 142.5 95.4 305.3 125.0 81.5 111.1 125.0 86.8 89.8 93.23 150.0 9464 1816 89.3 6522 i33.3 5526 665200 «66205 8522 71.1 =81-6 100.20 GO.7 62.6 1817 96.0 B94 181.23 125.0 109.1 93.3 6424 8725 108.6 81.8 93.4 88.5 1819 107.0 88.8 1202-5 13323 112.5 178.6 6723 80.0 108.6 73-7 #11928 $9261

374 PART ITI--TABLE 4 , TABLE 4. MALE/FEMALE RATIOS (CONTINUED) | , YEAR TOTAL M/F WHITE M/F ANDIAN M/F PARDO M/F NEGRO M/F -—s SLAVE M/F ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILO ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILO ADULT CHILD

RIG DEL TOCUYO ,

1802 89.2 125.2 8968 12869 $4.8 115.0 7962 175.0 020 020 5465 22020 1803 84.1 115.0 92e2 10820 8228 122.3 8229 8700 020 0.0 T71e4 162.5 1804 8565122.4 120.588.1 8963 10764 85.5 118.0 90.6 123.1 0.06705 0.0 6824 2ilel 1805 85.8 12000 8664 11404 89.9 1571 0.0 0.0 210.20 1808 106.8 81.3 89.5 6lel 11654 81:54 7162 8128 0.0 0.0 90.7 10724 1809 82.9 6522 9065) G05) 7207 «©5468 «10701 1230 0.0 0.0 9360 8263

SABANETA a 7 /

1815 81.5 91.8 87.6 93.5 83.3 97.0 73.5 69.0 0.0 0.0 46.4 87.5

1805 88.1 11769 98664 10363 7569 108.6 89.7 13065 107.1 87.5 13123 120.0 1808 8465 12964 11924 16968 685 1314.8 8361 11829 5020 125.0 163-66 200.0 1809 114.8 13766 13865 105.7 164.0 188.9 93.5 163.9 786 220.0 525.0 400.0 1810 110.0 11336 140.0 98.0 14460 175.0 8600 122.6 15202 7768 33765 200.0 1811 10865 132.7 11262 11463 137065 13303 9507 15265 8701 134.8 353.3 183.3

1812 86.3 111.6 112.9 169.4 63.5 68.8 81.6 98.4 6320 100.0 111.1 133.3

1816 8926.0 74e2 8009) = BG 2) BG 07) 1207) 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

SAN ANTONIO DE LAS COCUIZAS |

1780 §@89.8 84.9 7829 THe2 114-3 83.23 87.3 8407 85.3 89.3 162.5 150.0

SAN ANTONIO DE LOS ALTGS

, 1796 101.8 13769 S604 13966 060 060 166.7 200.0 100.0 0.0 11564 6607. 1802 125.9 13221 11863 13363 15060 020 9363 33.3 0.0 0.0 288.9 200.0 1803 129.1 125.0 129.2 118.0 107.7 200.0 57el (020 i000 0.0 185.7 16667 1804 129.2 144.9 127.3 14302 350.0 060 114.3 020 0.0 0.0 136.0 26667

1805 16262 12768 13660 13169 18725 0260 23765 100.0 0.0 0.0 245.7 120.0 1808 191.9 133.7 144.8 133.8 500.0 400.0 275.0 100.0 300.0 0.0 216.0 118.2 1809 119.4 972.9 14263 10964 216.7 0.0 113-3 50.0 °#&0.0 0.0 101-6 6607 1810 156.4 103.0 13864 103.7 3323 O00 12267 1286 100.0 0.0 202.2 105.7

1812 127266 9229 10563 9806 200.0 0.0 6265 5S7el 100.0 0.0 182.2 9606

1815 97.9 76.1 9563 9665 80.0 020 6165 57el 100-0 100.0 119.3 6504 1816 100.0 94.9 9663 9000 42:9 100.0 5767 6607 100.0 0.0 12729 110.7 1818 83.6 12269 10069 $704 6667 166.7 35.9 13725 50.40 0.0 85.5 157.1 «181991. 7)~=— 9868) «(10108 3) 705 SD He T «11667. 100.0 0:0 9160 15506

SAN CARLOS Se

1820 8941 11469 96.8 83.66 7323 7520 6667 100.0 200.0 6667 8557 247-1 — 1781 101-2 10367 9804 11202 11667 10720 11763 920l 8069 9566 9301 10706 —

1786-9665) = 981) 990 8 «101 eb) 8505 10965) 3=— 9350) 8567) )=—- 70D =:10529 105.9 106.5

1787 89.6 10064 G1e6 10605 9964 17560 8763 8708 7909 11463 9120 8763 1788 86.7 10366 9166 105065 10163 158.6 87el Del 580% 11361 9064 10668 1791-8703) «10220 3) 9265) 104.5 9B 63 14806 8830-9065 iH 202 «10Gel «= 8 9 2D_—-*104 0S

oO Be 7 ee PART II-—TABLE 4 375 ~~ -

, , TABLE 4. MALE/FEMALE RATIOS (CONTINUED) | | 7 YEAR TOTAL M/F WHITE M/F INDIAN M/F PARDO M/F =NEGRO M/F SLAVE M/F -

— ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD a

17960 = 87-4 «6100640 = 533) = 10165 «629564 13261 88.4 90.9 63-2 103.6 88.6 104.4 7

1798 80.0 102.7 °#81.S 838.8 76.2 85.4 $6.7 109.6 77-6 11224 572.7 119.26 , 1799 79.1 103.1 8228 88.9 74.7 84.9 $6.3 10922 71.0 115.3 57.7 120.0 1801 8224 102.5 82.4 90.5 75.6. 87.0 96.3 108.9 9367 107.8 57.6. 117.0

1802 83.2.5 105.8 82.0 111.1 93.5 131.0 1624 10523 T7220 96.0 103.5 97.2

1804 93.8 102.5 100.7 108.8 9397.7 104.8 76.5 113.3 8243 98.5 118.7 71.0 , 1805 91.7 103.0 93.5 110.59 97.7 106.6 76.5 109.9 82.3 98.5 118.8 T20el | 1806 91.6 102.0 93.4 10564 97.7 105.1 7668 108.3 82.5 96.7 118.4 1923 1808 91.7 103.0 93.5 110.9 38.4 107.7 7625 109-9 £82.43 98.5 118.8 72.1 — :

1811 90.2 89.3 84.7 7968 $3.6 80.0 S6.0 92.9 G26 $7343 T7229 ee 1812 90.9 89.6 85.1 B1.-5 G2e2l 55.6 96.5 92-5 102.3 60.0 78.5 99.5 1817 64.7 67.8 632.8 79.3 73.8 57.7 64.3 65.5 61-49 30-3 55.7 6945 1818 63.1 1926 = 6704 =60979462 ©62.7 88.1 60.0 19.24 59.8 3926 64.3 9728 1819 5622 71.4 6227 78.2 44.3 54.5 51.2 67.0 47.29 36-0 63.7 97.9

1820 59.6 1465 67.63 7804 6024 54.68 4929 67e2 11723 87.0 6544 989 1822 62.44 70.5. 67.0 77.6 G6.2 571 57.9 65.8 5921 3424 62.6 35.7 | 1823 37.2 10.0 592% 73466 95.5 75.90 53.7 64.7 5924 4823 58.0 94.4 1824 60.0 13.9 7307 © 78.7 8664 60.9 53.5 6944 68e-f 54.1 51-4 89.48

SAN DIEGO DE ALCALA | a | | | -

i781 81-3. 104.6 84.3 134.8 80.5 111.5 84.6 81.1 $0.0 0.20 30.8 157.1 1802, 58. 7425 53926 5825 59.3 6667 63.3 87.6 40.7 73.2 100.0 75.0 - - |

1803 642.5 1944 63265 73023 5564 89.7 65.56 80.7 90.5 6145 87.5 100.0 1804 82.0 822 1323 GOe? 81.0 77.1 56.4 84.1 84.6 74.1 100.0 100.0 1805 82.7 132.3 80-7 10704 G2.2 157.1 7323 142.6 187.5 100.0 100.0 133.3 1809 83.2 146.9 83.1 185.7 117.9 250.0 68.5 109.4 116.7 266.7 66.7 200.0.

| SAN OLEGO DE LOS ALTOS ,

1802 97.5 100.0 9828 120.0 $2.9 74.2 &4.8 81.0 120.0 6.0 112.9 130.0. | 1803 91.9 85-56 G58 8864 S722 85.8 68.6 72.7 84.0 17605 8922 90.9 | (1804 108.9 113.1 104.9 150.0 116.7 70.0 112.1 88.9 75.0 166.7 130.0 122.2 |

1805 107.9 113.1 101.8 144.4 112.9 78.9 112.5 84.6 75.0 150.0 150.0 $0.9 1807 94.28 122.9 87.2 138.1 97.1 93.8 $4.6 123.1 7625 380.0 143.3 181.8 , 1808 104.9 100.7 1=%9$6.0 115.2 102.0 79.6 129.7 90.0 100.0 50.0 130.0 146.2 | | 1809 108.8 S6.7 97.8 105.2 107.1 85.2 168.6 1728 90.9 63-6 123.4 150.0 1810 90.2 #£=:.92.8 90.3 107.1 91.0 80.6 84.6 75.9 158.3 6326 80.3 109.5 1811 96.5 91.0 9067 G68 92.9 84.7 111.4 90.5 126.7 118.2 107.4 78.24 1815 98.2 8369 91460 8107 $0.3 114066 12605 50.0 8464 9407 13166 56.7 | | 1816 95.2 87-45 JI07T = G60e5 8426 92.7 107.9 64.7 66.7 78.9 128.1 81.0 | 1817. 95.8 + +=73.8 912.3 6864 67.3 78.4% 108.3 80.90 82.1 80.0 126.8 18.3 |

1818 78.5 7424 8507 13064 1819 96.8 96.2 88.3 98.7 103.8 9601 112.5 78.889.7 89.18722 i17.21 75.0 78.9 126.3 300.0 86.7 128.315.20 85.2os a 1820 95.3 98.6 89.6 116.7 91.4 82.0 86.9 68.2 8168 140.0 131.3 125.0 |

376 PART LI--TABLE 4 TABLE 4. MALE/FEMALE RATIOS (CONTINUED)

YEAR TOTAL M/F WHITE M/E IWNOIAN M/F PARDG M/F NEGRG M/F SLAVE M/F

ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD AOULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD

SAN FELIPE

1782 104.9 7565 7T74el 3303 291.68 28.0 11164 10204 105.3 8708 10664 14522

1802 79.6 72.2 91264 7763 80.0 9060 7867 8105 7902 9009 65.69 4404 1803. 8103 7963 99267 TheZ G4a3 8809 7869 80.68 8201 9060 6329 6868 1804 59.6 9864 6160 10166 4620 112.5 6102 9702 4406 140.0 57.0 S$7el 1805 60.6 10468 6261 1041 44.67 100.9 6001 10520 59.7 150.0 6268 101.3 1817 7769 8865 6761 8869 11667 5060 7869 9069 120.0 70.0 74.1 829 1818 4169 7006 2965 4702 060 0.0 5267 8061 4060 100.0 38.4 £61.20 $1819 78.1 886% 6547 8961 108.23 5526 7969 9106 9209 6962 Tle? 7808 1820 7709 7464 6565 8862 100.0 6125 7968 71s? 8303 7605 T7109 7504 1821 7320 86.9 6667 80.0 108.3 55.6 7165 92.0 92269 69.2 91.7 78.8 SAN FELIO€, MITAD DE (1)

1807 74069 107.5 6463 881 6864 060 7568 10104 11323 O20 B3el 140.5 1808 75.0 108.8 6463 111-9 6864 0.0 7568 99.5 1133 0.0 8367 13722 1809 7462 11465 5904 9205 6627 200.0 7766 11868 6403 15060 81.0 113.2 1810 7408 104.5 6468 10469 5566 0460 7508 9901 9404 3303 8466 12703 1811 7468 106.5 6468 104.9 55266 020 75268 9961 9464 33263 84.6 12743 1812 11361 7769 8704 66067 13363 020 12264 79.9 80.0 0.0 85.9 6607 , SAN FELIPE, MITAD DE (2)

1807 60.9 97.0 6601 11268 6009 60.0 58.9 9861 95.60 80.0 6121 #£475.0 1808 6269 102.6 6867 10549 40.0 125.0 6368 10065 7260 7164 5402 11201 1809 6369 9663 6962 109.3 5767 10823 6500 10609 6165 80.0 5469 3702 1810 6367 101.3 406509) 9508) «6009 10727) 39s 5 B10907)=S 5 BeOS BB 54TH ell 1811 5762 8867 610% 8366 7300 150.0 6663 87068 6964 6607 4903 Q4el SAN FERNANDO DE APURE

1801 8168 3665 7802 5463 8226 6565 8720 5462 7861 64.3 58.0 90.5

1805 9364 6725 97-64 75.0 $0.3 60.0 88.7 63.0 0.0 0.0 100.0 66.7 1806 87%.1 8463 9266 9369 T6e? Wet 8606 8602 0.0 0.0 85.2 6020

1816 81.9 103.2 71.9 103.5 63.6 72.0 86.6 112.3 9362 142.9 125.0 73.1 | SAN FERNANDO DE CACHICAMO

1783. 12661 118.8 140.0 153.8 3765 200.0 120.5 140.9 93.3 12520 163.0 76.0 1802 108.8 116.7 8462 125.0 155.6 150.0 100.0 82.8 94.1 200.0 175.0 200.0 1803. 106.2 12365 9720 12520 150.0 150.0 8964 8363 8802 240.0 170.0 166.7 1805 9664 8865 104.2 100.0 220.0 100.0 87.1 8lel 40.0 100.0 109.5 100.0 1806 0.0 127.3 133231100.0. 7826 1807114.0 1136292.4 107.6139.4 1386282.6 8266133.3 13363175.0 175.097.8 97.892.2 92.2 125.0 125.0 0-0

SAN FRANCISCO DE CARA . ,

1783 91.0 109.8 8667 88.9 80.0 133.3 96.9 111.3 0.0 0.0 5863 1714

1802 9667 747 9503 11365 7303 8567 10000 32e7 131-3 150.0 80.0 188.2

| : | PART TI--TABLE 4 = 377 TABLE 4. MALE/FEMALE RATIOS (CONTINUED)

YEAR TCTAL M/F WHITE M/F INDIAN M/F PARDG M/F NEGRO M/F SLAVE M/F ,

ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD AOULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD |

SAN FRANCISCO O& TIZNADOS . | 1780 124.6 113.6 169.2 87.2 112.0 130.8 4.0 121.1 116.1 114.7 163.6 i125.0 1801 104.6. 76.5 115.22 80.0 88.9 75.0 91.2 75.8 0.0 0.0 216.7 81.5 1802 106.2 $7.9 117.1 91.7 150.0 &5.7 G8.1 14624 9223 50-4 219.5 104.8

|

1803 108.9 94.2 114.9 7603 i125 33.23 93.8 97-2 97.0 99.0 254.2 91.7 1805 102.8 104.2 116.8 95.3 66.7 25.0 $2.2 105.1 180.0 0.0 190.6 139-1 1807 102.3 103.2 4115.1 $6.2 6667 25.0 92.6 103.7 112.5 0.0 184.2 139.1 18C8 101.7 103.1 112.0 91.3 66.7 25.20 92.8 104-3 112.5 0.0 181.4 139.1 : 1809 102.0 102.8 113.7114.3 $0.2 86.7 75.0 181-4 1811 97.5 99.2 98464 165.866.7 84.092-8 99.0102.6 98.0112.5 86.8 104.3 106.7144.0 82.8 1812 92.1 88.5 101.1 82.7 &4.23 80.0 8525 8202 94.7 97.6 115.5 128.1

SAN FRANCISCO Dt YARE | : |

1783 108.4 105.4 $95.8 250.0 68.4 142.9 157.21 111.8 102.4 100.0 107.4 96.6 1802 103.6 107.0 134.5 64.3 90.1 107.9 1062.1 233.3 75.0 88.2 111.2 118.4

1803 86.6 98.5 145.8 100.0 71.7 134.3 100.0 233.3 126 92-4 89.3 89.4 1804 93.1 82.6 107.7 6647 84.1 102.7 100.0 133.3 714.28 18.6 99.7 80.5 1805 91.0 9720 162.5 10060 78.2 106.3 129.22 6667 694% 93.1 940% 98.2

181i 109.1 8321838.5 121.2150.0 11463 110.5 71.8 90-7 110.0 1815 64.7 65.8 86.5 70.860.4 80.495.5 59 04 73.7 60.0 59.2116.5 63.2 $1.3 |

1817 71.9 118.8 100.0 200.0 46.3 129.4 2503 12962 81.8 366.7 98.9 14.468 41818 71.2 106-4 123.1 300.0 i00.0 106.3 5625 104.2 58.29 100.0 71.9 100.0

1820 7320 125.8 952-6 277268 T6e2 128.6 6623 119.6 51-4 130.8 772.0 116.43 — 1822. 87.4% 135.28 9269 17629 G0.0 78.4 83-6 103.6 102.46 71922 86.3 169.5

— SAN JAIME |

SAN JOSE | ; | |

1780 131.6 108.3 128.0 108.9 2400.0 52.6 136.8 113.5 318.2 121.1 71.8 112.5

1781 102.2 110.4 105.7 144.0 90.8 89.24 111.4 122.2 100.0 150.9 89.3 16.7

1788 91.5 121.7 86.1 $0.0 86.0 118.6 $528 119.9 71-4 200.0 13-7 300.0 1790 106.2 107.6 98.6 78.7 80.3 102.3 11664 119.1 83.9 100.0 0.0 0.0 1791 106.2 107.6 98.6 78% 80.3 102.3 116.4 119.1 83.9 100.0 0.0 0.0 179295.9 =88.3 94.5 82-5 106-5 105.7 93-3 300.0 1794 94.5 85.260.38 802580.5 83-383.3 82.2.5 106.5 105.7 9323 300.0 66.766.7 282628.6 |

1795 96-9 120.6 S626 16323 60.0 106.9 100.8 86.7 103.7 157.28 85.2 100.0 1758 96.9 111.6 9629 100.0 82.3 100.0 100.7 100.0 103-7? 147.3 77-1 133.3 i799 96.9 111.6 S629 100.0 62.3 100-0 100.7 100.0 103.7 147.23 77-1 133.3 : 1800 96.9 113.4 $962.9 160.0 82.3 100.0 100.7 126.7 103.7 147.3 77-1 #£25.0 1801 91.6 125.3 88.7 134.1 82.9 109.1 $4.28 104.1 9527 158.6 80.0 0.0 1803 90.4 108.1 83.26 101.3 %0.4 114.3 91.0 108.4 106.3 100.0 7323 150.0

1805 92.6 111.8 87-6 142.6 89.0 119.4 96-1 107.0 80.0 42.9 90.0 50.0 1807 88.4 94.25 16.7 $4.3 71.2 178.3 95.9 99.0 0.90 0-0 100.0 75.20

378 PART LTI--TABLE 4 | TABLE 42 MALE/FEMALE RATIOS (CONTINUED) |

YEAR TOTAL M/F WHITE M/F INDIAN M/F PARDO M/F NEGRO M/F SLAVE M/F

ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD

1808 88.3 G2e9 £322 80.0 94.79524 98.09020 — 0.0 0.0020 128.6 1811 86.9 94.5 934771529 71-1 2102.0 75.23 100.0 0.0 88.2100.0 50.0 1812 16.5 85-1 90.1 472.9 64.9 61.9 7509 10269 30.8 200.0 0.0 0.0 1815 71.0 1109.2 5323 109.1 9622 113.8 69.0 110.8 7124 252.0 114-3 200.0

. 1818 4323 81.8 37.080-1 125.90 6522 40.7 37.29 89.6 66.7 66.7 0.0. 1819 5225 120.7 127263 53-2 181.6 40.6 89.666el 133.3 66.7 75.0 0.0 : : 1822 51.3 59.7 66.7 6229 16.5 86.59 39.22 441 2629 2520 38.5 66.7 1823 61.1 62.8 72.8 80.0 1946 89.9 50.8 4561. 2020 16.7 37.5 83.3

SAN JOSE DE APURE : :

1802 $8.1 98.6 116.7 91ief G76 80-8 87.8 138.9 103.8 85.7 166.7 § 303.0 1804 90.0 82.5 82.0 81.1 94.24 89.7 91.7 77-8 = =—# 8 5 4 80.6 0.0 0.0

1806 95.1 9525 80.9 65.% G3e5 98.8 94? 88.2 106.8 133.3 85.7 17.28 0.0 0.0 1807 92.6 16.8 80.9 91.3 101.6 82.4 18.38 6225 0.0 0.0 1808 92.3 81.0 8202 80.20 94.9 91.3 $3.9 78.25 88.9 10.268 0.0 ) 0.0 1809 92.3 31.0 8222 80.0 54.9 91.3 93.9 7806. 88.9 71026 ~~ 0.0 0.0 >

| 1802 SAN JOSE De TIZNADOS , : 103.2 1094.6 115.4 175.29 103.6 11l.l $2.5 93.8 93e1 13323 164.9 89.5 | 1803 98.5 113-3 111.5 147.21 102.5 116.7 84.20 104.3 148.3 266.7 17124 115-0

1804 $2.8 113.9 116.5 134-1 79.2 84.0 7925 108.2 174-1 233.3 13323 150.0 f 1805 90.4 101.1 99-23 121.1 73.7 100.0 83.5 ©4.2 15465 233.3 122.4 116.7 | 1807 87.6 103-0 117.4 148.9 61.7 66.7 83.3 91.6 74.5 117.2 109.8 123.1 | 1808 86.0 116.9 117.6 140.5 76.0 216.7 754-4 104-0 6328 155.6 197.1 150.0 1809 8724 121.7 118.23 140.4 75.0 211.1 0.6 113.6 6603 127.23 130-0 121.4 1810 792.8 112.0 120.4 120.0 54.2 159.9 822.0 107.3 88.4 103.2 28.2 131.3 1812 87.3 103-6 112.2 11i.3 52e1 145.8 82.2 99.1 80.6 103.2 154.1 109.1 1816 66.f 106-25 71.6 128.6 1.7 73.1 62.4% 103.3 5822 104.4 128.9 13765

1817 68.8 110.0 71.3 125.0 72.3 74.2 66.4 105.3 60.8 126.6 112.5 126.3 SAN JUAN D&E LOS MORROS

| 1802 38.3 98.9 89-3 103.0 70.99429 91.87625 100.0117.26 158.3 1803 91.3 92.7 91.9 $6.0102.5 114.3280.0 122.290.1 89.4 68.56 73.1 87.5

1805 84.5 1901.9 $5.1 98.9 100.0 190.0 77.90 7626 55.6 135.7 6529 105.6 1806 82.6 97.3 94-3 108.9 65.24 172.7 82.6 71.7 69.9 86.9 69.2 100.0 | | 18071809 84.20 109.1 9207 71.2 166.7 94.56 114.31622 73.791.7 90.9 81.2 100.8 91.7106.3 93.0 66.27 137.25 78.8 95.6 91.5 $61.8 65.4 121.6 1810 81.5 98.5 93-20 99-1 69.8 122.2 79-4 10924 64.9 84.5 71.4 85.7 1811 83.8 97.23 89.7 $8e2 125.0 116.7 77.8 9426 63.3 104.3 80.5 74.21

SAN MAT=9 | 1781 82.9 97-2 75-4 108.9 70.7 77.28 93.1 9225 0.0 0.0 83.2 113.0

1802 92.4 98.3 87.0 109.2 3-5 34.5 86.9 115.5 83.3 100.0 121.2 89.9

1803 89.8 108.1 73.7 $4122.99 83.27 140.5 89.8 112.9 88.9 87-5 115.1 81.0 1804 87.8 105.3 7726 =1212%4 68.3 134-4 84.6 102.0 1347 7609 118.6 91.5 | 1805 88.7 101.7 7329 112.7 81.3 121.9 84.7 94.3 75.0 142.9 113.8 90.2 © 1806 88.4 104.0 70-1 106-3 85.26 120.0 86.2 113-42 66e7 100.0 124-3 85.5

re oo PART LTH=TABLE 4 379 oe a ‘TABLE 4. MALE/FEMALE RATIOS (CONTINUED) = a YEAR TOTAL M/F so WHITE M/F oINOIAN M/F PARDO M/F NEGRO H/F 0s SLAVE M/F oe - ADULT CHILO ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILO ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD

1808 101.8 84.8 81.7 133.3 131.1 125.0 106.5 55.8 82.9 142.9 118.0 82.8 :

(1809 9264 «= 8204 = 8201 «= 934d 9007 «9764 «= Bw Ss 7308 )=— eT «10020 11863 760.3 181L 94.4 «7707 = 9008 = 9204 4602 6202 «875 609 «612826 ©=— 5060 106.6 = 940 1815 60.7 — 1067 57.1 650% 71.24 7309 58.4 69.4 75.0 42.29 —65 3 — B54. (1816 «64.6 = 8342 6061) 8102 69.1 8343 6962 «7941 = 7540) = 5000 6-1 «10224 ©

1817 64.8 88.8 59.6 81.66 71.6 104.0 67.0 79.0 70.0 100.0 65.5 118.4 (1818 65.4 90.9 63.2 844 «976.9 100.0 63.8 8162 76.7 8765 63.6 121.64 |

1821 © 6420 ©9469-6659 100.0 60.2 12422 59.9 747 82.4 220.0 6667 115.1

SAN MIGUEL DE TRUJILLO a | ee

1808 102.7 116.1 101.4 133.5 102.9 126.8 $0.7 95.5 $5.7 83.3 423.1 0.0. |

- SAN NICOLAS DE TOLENTINO oe | oe oe , a ,

(1803 9667 100.0 0.0 0.0 200.0 0.0 104.4 90.9 6404 13363 102.0 76.2 |

1808 7654 94.9 114.3 80.0 11366 200.0 53.64 150.0 107.7 40.0 112.8 111.1 1818 73.3 146.2 0.0 060 0.0 040 7363 146.2 0-0 0.0 060 0.0. | 1820 81.1 60.7 20020 66.7 £0.20 . 020 8422 56.8. 0.0 0.0 | 67.6 7124

SAN PEDRO OS | OS | 1821 81.1 6520S 7 0.20 QeV z2V0.0 66.7 84.2 ~—6H HS 67.26 71.4 0.0. 0.0

1810 98.4 102.3 9202 112.1 133.3 0.0 109.0 103.8 0.0 0.0 100.0 71.4 1811 100.7 112.6 95.9 117.7 92.9 8343 120.3 122.4 0.0 0.0 74.1 88.5 Z 1816 90.2. 83.9 96.20 81.7 8705 66.7 88.4 9726 0.0 ~Q0-0 , 60.0 (133.3 _ 1817 90.3 86.0 94.3 7608 13343 66.7 88.7 9764 0.0 0.0 5767 133.3

SAN RAFAEL DE CNOTO So | BS BO oe

1779 «115.4 = 8106 «11863 ©3060 10764 7723 13865 72.7 100.0 66.7 250.0 0.0

1810 103.198.0 83.990.6 102.9 84.1108.8 109.393.6 71.087.6 94.392.5 92.00.0 0.00.00.0 240.0 0.0 oe 1811 97.1 114.9 500.0 0.0 | 1828 84.6 8342 8565 $265 6565 75.0 82.9 88.1 80.0 66.7 0.0 0.0 1829 94.9 82.9 95.8 92.9 88.1 75.0 95.1 86.8 81.8 66.7 400.0 0.0

SAN RAFAEL DE GRITUCO a a eT 1783. 100.4 106.9 108.9 108.0 87.5 120.0 113-7 9604 7062 108-6 93.3 113.5 | |

1802. 92.4 191-4 1372.3 12167 0.0 020 8346 9767 0.0 0.0 83.21 97.0 (1803 85.8 113.2 111.6 116.0 0.0 0.0 80.0 111.0 0.0 0.0 7964 117.2 | 1805 9124 82.5 100.0 120.5 116.1 0.0 0.0 72.0 10341 0.0 0.098.3 72.76866 75.0| | | 1806 92.1 i702 8762 0-0 0.0 8163 100.9 060 040 1808 86.3 9464 11320 6667 060 060 75.64 122.9 0-0 020 8740 5604 | 1809 85.9 100.0 9322 84.3 70.6 58.3 79.3 122.2 133.3 142.9 95.8 63.6 1810 89.5 76.4 8964 7164 233.3 60.0 86.4 78.8 58.3 81.68 112.5 7347 1811 65.5 67.7 = 8944 7164 23363 60.0 4009 125.7 84.6 1665 1824 5465

280 PART TI--TABLE 4 TABLE 42 MALE/FEMALE RATINS (CONTINUED)

YEAR TUCTAL M/F WHITE M/F INDIAN M/F PARDG M/F NEGRO M/F SLAVE M/F

ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD. ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD |

7 SAN SEBASTIAN DE LOS REYES

1783 83.6 69.3 97.3 36.3 18.3 80.9 S6e2381.6 862-9112.5 119.854.4 92.4% 89.8 106.3 84.6 83.3 , 1802 89.3 5723 109.5 62.5 74.654.7 117.22 1803 89.0 S467 65.7 8724 88.f 80.5 93.26 116.771-1 71.9131.0 133.3 1804 88.6 87.1 E5e5 80.038.9 33.43 93.759.2 59.5109.1 96.0 114.3 1805 89.9 66.0 8622 88.4% 74.24 32.4 96.6 60-8 100.0 162.5 7527 125.0 1806 91.4 6621 389.7 Gle-7 65929 34.1 $5.7 60.2 110.3 93.8 82.0 138.9 1809 80.1 107.90 80.1 $4.0 88.7 136.1 7725 110.4 110.3 89.5 80-2 115.6 1819 81.1 9229 95.3 86-0 82.5 61.3 582671.0 73.0113.9 130.0 1811 19.9 33-8 103.5 102.8 77.9 76.1 96.0 96.1 19.4 79.0 91.7 88.8 82.5 SANARE

1803 822% 9669 85.4 G$8e8 381.1 92.7 84.2 982.2 8428 104.22 84.6 150.0 1804 83.4 96.6 85.5 $6.5 82.3 91.9 84.7 9624 86.1 108.5 92.3 175.0 | 1805 82.4 96.9 35.4 $8.8 81.1 92.7 84.2 98e2 84.8 104.2 84.6 150.0 1806 95.7 110.9 114.3 95.7 92.2377-39 90«697.8 F728138.5 135.694.5 $6.165.2 87.081.9 81.9 86.4 96.3 18.6 1807 95.7 86.4 92.9 118.8 1808 94-64 111.2 95.8 79.1 96.4 138.5 92.0 6502 19.7 85.0 $2.9 118.8

1809 94-4 110.0 111.3 96.5 95.8 91.8 89.5 96.23 F6e%133.25 133.5 92.3 68.3117.4 92-0 143.8 114.3 1810 94.3 $4.1 6542 7022 71947 6209 70-1 1812 98.8 99.0 93.2 150% 100.6 94.9 $4.8 89-4 108.3 81.0 107.7 1728 1815 94.0 84.2 92.20 17.3 54.7 86.2 92.5 90.3 88.5 T1307 118.2 58.3

1817 95.0 39.5 93.9 68.2 G5-9 9744 94.1 81.8 88.1 75-0 105.0 84.26 1819 9329 84.5 92.0 92.2581.8 90.388.1 88.5 7520 73.7%105.0 125.084.26 50.0 1820 95.0 90.1 93.9 17-8 716494.7 95.986642 97.4 54.1

SANTA CRUZ DE ARAGUA |

1802 $3.8 S207 5209 $3.3 187.5 80.0 94.6 9022 65-5 280.0 90.0 100.0 1803 91.6 M1.7 86.1 360.7 145.2 55.6 97.8 117.7 45.2 200.0 155.6 125.0 1804 95.4 116.26 93-1 109.4 140.0 110.0 $6.9 126.8 33.3 400.0 107.7 50.0 1805 83.3 109.2 77-4 109.0 69.0 60.0 $1.5 111.5 2020 0-0 130.0 71.4 18038 86.3 93.9 9224 83.1 133.3 7124 77-90 113.25. 27.3 50-0 100.0 45.0 1811 156.3 98.9 268.8 71922 92-9 50.0 27-5 130.7 1621.4 80.0 206.3 166.7 1815 72.0 97.5 66.7 $5.3 79.8 98.3 83.7 93.8 50-0 200.0 48.7 133.3 18156 7323 102.4 71.1 #101.0 55.9 78.6 76-6 103-4 100.0 266.7 80.6 109.1 1818 60.1 101.8 60-1 107269 23.5 50-0 64.5 $6.8 38.3 84.7 69.20 140.0 1822 5722 145.28 5421 215.2 127.7 64.3 48.5 114.6 14.0 193.3 133.3 5303

SANTA INES DEL ALTAR : |

1779 112.0 300.0 0.0 0-0 127.3 0.0 15721 300.0 40-0 100.0 0.0 0.0 1802 79.5 177-8 183.3 100.0 80.0 125.0 61.5 200.0 75.0 0.0 3323 0.0 1803 97.6 66.7 0.0 0.0 140.0 66.7 84.8 66-7 100.0 0.9 0.0 0.0 1804 18.7 233.3 0.20 0-0 81.8 233.3 67.6 233.3 300.0 0-0 100.0 0.0

PART II--TABLE 4 381

TABLE 42 MALE/FEMALE RATIOS (CONTINUED) | | YEAR TOTAL M/F WHITE M/F INDIAN M/F PARDO M/F NEGRG M/F SLAVE M/F

ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILO

1806 92.7 90.9 0.0 04.0 250.0 14.3 7623 113.3 0.0 0.0 0.0. 0.0 | 1811 96.26 5226 0.0 0.0 200.0 20.0 9202 84.6 64.3 0.0 0.0 0.20 0.0 1818 90.5 84 04 J.9 0-0 80.0 0.29 84.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1819 82.6 57-3 100.0 1520 8624 92.2.9 88.3 51.4 63.0 44.24 0.0 0.0 1820 716.8 83.6 140.0 75.0 93.8. 54.5 12.9 90.0 62.5 93.8 0.0 0.0 1829 94.7 81.6 100.0 60.0 izl.7 70.8 86.0 8944 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

SANTA LUCTA = |

1784 105.3 107.7 132.4 113.3 98.4% 109.6 93-1 125.0 85.8 128.6 112.6 91.4 (1787 «102.9 $%4103.0 127.0 140.0 $9.3 98.1 91-3 107.9 7421 105.6 106.6 93.7

1802 89.3 80.8 115.7 101.i1 95.3 66.7 10% 71.0 84.2 100.0 90.6 86.7

1803 101.9 116.9 125.0 119.4 146.8 58.3 111.1 139.0 112.2 233.3 67.5 105.9 | 1804 107.0 93-3 103-7 1196% 96.2 64.6 100.0 80.6 G$2-6 11423 121.6 98.7 1805 90.8 147.8 97.1 17826 94.0 113.6 1626 162.2 9724 141.7 101.2 146.8

1808 94.5 97-1 129.7 101.2 84.6 116.9 92.2 90.2 44.9 105.6 95-1 90.9 1809 80.4 116.9 9724106.3 99.0 44.9 95.1 81.7 90.9 1811 95.5 94.5 99.5 91.9129.7 107.4101.2 94.9 83.3 90.0 85.2 95.7 105.6 90.9 99-1

1816 71.5 1U1.8 30.6 11364 63.6 57.7 5920 100-0 113-2 250.0 7804 102.2 1817 6725 232.7 1525 204.20 100.0 150.0 90-6 243.7 104 250.0 2202 28547

1818 95.8 85.8 101.1 $5.0 109.1 75.0 93.9 81.8 1904 T2ef 95.3 83.3 1819 74.6 92.8 86.0 1602 72248 97.4 59.4 102.7 71.6 90.9 87.1 91.3 SANTA MARIA DE IPIRE

1783 119.4 106.3 123.90 81-0 685.0 162.5 1162.7 120.8 125.0 133.3 141.8 108.6

1798 114.2 84.3 9226 86.7 60.0 166.7 109.9 90.2 143.6 64.9 149.1 85.7

1803 104.0 86.2 64.6 90.0 100.0 80.0 97.0 94.1 93.8 70.6 181.8 1329 | SANTA ROSA De LIMA. |

1803 719.6 59.0 78.8 78.i 82.5 25.9 15.28 83.7 80.6 6664 78.3 1202 1804 16.7 77.865-0 72258644 81-2 78.4 70.5 1824 70.0 1322 1601 71.1 67.3 70.3 T7607 77.28 . 1805 80.7 170.4 69.9 83.4 72.5 18.7 80.0 1807 83.3 65.1 85.8 64.2% 93.26 104.5 96.7 50.0 17.0 339.1 1223 728 1808 90.1 70.6 85.23 66.7 87.2 109.21 90.6 37.5 101.3 343.5 72.23 7.8 i80g 92.1 7661 92.2% 69.5 6G7.9 87.2 97.21 14.6 88.0 8529 BEe4 7520 1815 $85.6 90.1 81-489.8 93.574.1 74e1684.3 8921100.0 113-23 7525 18.7 88.3100.5 86.9 82-4 80.9 100.0 120.0 1816 104.5 116.2 96.6 119.1

1817 95.8 66.5 54.9 7228 141.3 70.6 99.1 67.8 84.6 57.8 84.2 51.4 1820 93.3 6124 93.5 7421 65.5 79.5 100.3 67.8 89.7 57.28 8229 51.4

SANTA TERESA Det JESUS :

1783 121.3 88.4 165.6 100.J9 $5.9 100.0 146.2 100.0 75.0 100.0 118.0 16.0

1786 98.0 87.2 93.3 60.0 110.4 72.9 79-5 121.1 100.0 200.0 100.7 85.7

382 PART TI--TABLE 4 TABLE 42 MALE/FEMALE RATIOS (CONTINUED)

YEAR TOTAL M/F WHITé M/F INDIAN M/F PARDO M/F NEGRO M/F SLAVE M/F ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD

1787 103.7 85-4 104.9 5405 112.2 1224 7303 11403 22520 100.0 100.0 85.5

1788 111.0 80.0 104.9 54.25 136.0 104.5 81.6 6525 22520 5526 102.6 85.9 1802 109.0 101.5 120.6 111.9 106.3 78.9 122.4 81.3 83-7 127.6 109.9 100.0 1803 107.6 88.7 124.4 83.3 115.3 9223 108.1 71724 73-22 118.2 110.0 84.7 1804 106.7 95.28 118.1 107.7 117.1 96.7 98.8 71.8 79.0 932-0 111.6 100.0 1805 108.0 $7.1 111.6 152.6 121.9 78.9 102.6 57.25 1622 97.7 117.2 98.7 1810 105.1 110.0 109.9 108.6 103.7 77.8 121.8 107.1 9320 129.4 103-2 116.7 1811 107.6 107.5 125.8 114.8 113.7 87.0 111.1 9229 85.0 116.1 106.8 110.9

SARARE | :

1816 7522 103.2 1524 $6.8 54464 86.7 85.7 130.0 6944 96.8 7925 115.8 1817 T7229 99.4% 75.56 91-7 60.4 108.3 85.4 76.0 6325 9629 742.0 111.3 1820 1922 $9.4 80-3 102.4 86.7 137.5 80.3 110.90 $55.0 17.28 88.9 101.5 1779 «=104.6 93.9 121.2 83.9 G4.3 55.9 95-1 127.4 101.7 9223 480.0 700.0

1802 88.0 9224 6022 82.2 164.7 123.7 82.9 94el1 89.9 81.2 17.8 200.0 1804 88.2 39.4 €2.0 88.7 150.4 116.3 83.8 87.3 89.4 19.8 77-8 200.0 — 1805 77.2 118.3 68-0 126.9 70.4 186.9 81.9 1064 84.24 126.1 60.0 77.28 1807 93.0 89.5 60.2 7i.i 160.0 110.5 84.2 94.1 111.6 81.2 77.8 200.0 1808 88.2 39.4 62.0 88.7 1599-4 116.3 83.38 87.3 89.4 79.8 77.8 200.0 1809 88.2 160.4 1156.3 89.4 79.28 77-8 200.29 1810 88.6 89.4 91.762.0 54.7§8.7 8425 141.9 120.983.8 84.387.3 94.7 9225 81.8 83.3 50.0 1811 88.2 89.24 62.0 88.7 160.4 116.3 83.8 87.3 89.4 1928 77-8 200.0 1817 71.6 99.3 10.7 85.7 76.25 118.9 68.3 97.9 125.0 75.0 66.7 66.7 1818 6823 102.3 56268 133-3 85.6 92.5 66.5 97.8 80.0 233.3 70.6 110.0

STQUISTQUE 1802 94.2 926% 8528 135.5 90.5 91.6 i115.8 94-6 106.5 71.4 18.6 83.3

1803 95.20 926 88.5 130.6 91.1 9127 115.1 94.8 105.6 7401 81.5 83.3. 1804 9520 84.0 93-5 110.5 88.4 80.5 1159.8 88.0 109.1 7861 82.28 92.3 1805 97.5 72.1 90.24 78.1 93.4 638.6 115.4 78.8 109.1 1728 92.6 92.9 1807 102.6 130.9 112.6 $7.0 98.4 150.4 120.6 112-7 79-2 166.7 70.7 71.4 TACARTGUA Dé MAMPORAL

1784 88.3 89.2 100.0 62-5 200.0 200.0 64.7 7124 4159.3 88.2 715.9 91.7

1802 85.9 115-1 146.7 200.0 100.0 0-0 100.0 500.0 102.5 192.3 7722 #$%«100.0 1803 87.5 109.8 14.0 0.0 100.0 50.0 200.0 400.0 109.5 158.3 15.6 98.9 1804 91.1 120.2 128.6 300.0 160.0 133.3 220.0 500.0 122.2 158.3 77-9 107.3 1805 83.3 129.1 175.0 200. 200.0 0.0 78.3 50.20 71923 280.0. 77-3 «=©121.4 1806 95.1 128.2 146.2 150.0 140.0 50.90 175.20 0.0 113.3 250.0 83.8 122.1 1807 93-7 114.5 161-5 133.3 140.0 0.0 84.6 150.9 120.8 275.0 82.8 104.5 1808 88.7 139-% 190.9 100.0 115.7 0-0 100.0 350.0 100.0 500.0 7723 125.8 — 1809 83.8 119.4 150.0 100.0 71.4 0.0 126.1 140.0 111.1 0.0 70.9 111.5 , 1811 106.0 105.7 180.0 100.0 25.0 0.90 83.3 233.3 150.0 214.3 103.8 8624

1816 7621 128.3 141.7 40.0 133.23 0.0 55.8 116.7 60.9 533.3 83.2 109.21 1818 76.7 122.20 171.4 200.0 36.4 50.0 48.6 142.9 48.8 140.0 93.9 110.8 1820 84.0 168.5 220.0 200.0 54.5 200.0 66.7 111.1 5724 161.5 92-4 185.7

a | | PART II--TABLE 4 383 | / | TABLE 4. MALE/FEMALE RATIOS (CONTINUED) Oo YEAR TOTAL M/F WHITE M/F diNDIAN M/F PARDO M/F NEGRO M/F ss SLAVE M/F a — ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD

—TACATA | a _ | So 7 :

1783. 93.1 117.5 300.0 90.0 88.9 12667 7944 152.2 55.3 6067 108.0 161.9 |

1799 109.1 107.0 126.8 175.0 125.8 69.4 109.6 147.1 50.0 300.0 98.5 87.8 — , 1802 111.3 97.0 111-8 109.1 10326 98.0 112.6. 82.7 11862 125.0 11524 9602 (1804 102.7 97.3 13064 150.0 94.7 88-48 101.0 134.1 8667 77.8 107.4 70.9 | | 1805 96.9 105.8 106.0 166.% 85.22 9622 104.1 138.2 86.7 80.0 104.1 . 80.7 . . 1812 101.6 114.6 112.3 107.0 102.7 117.5 100.0 132.8 86.7 200.0 94.2 89.7 | 1813. 97.6 107.6 108.4 122.1 104.9 141.2 99.5 93.6 6962 100.0 86.6 97.7 1817 97.6 85.3 112.5 96.2 91.7 116.7 102.7 70.6 71.4 752.0 80.0 64.5 1818 9144 106.0 114.3 9269 7544 103.7 93.0 108.2 57.1 0.0 73.5 128.2 | 1819 97.0 105.6 127.2 108.3 80.9 102.7 93.9 102.0 40.0 0.0 80.7 112.8 1820 94.9 112.4 105.9 116.5 98.4 GOe4% $7.6 114.3 50.0 100.0 71725 117.3 ; 1821 97.0 114.2 102.3 124.7 102.7 972% 109.2 Lli2.1 471 0.0 80.5 110.9 | | 1822 91.5 109.6 102.1 116.0 68.9 108.2 100.9 104.7 57.1 8343 73.0 111.5

TAGUAT : So a | — -TAPIPA | oe | , | |

1802 99.1 124.2 9649 14203 102.0 186.7 97.1 100.0 150.0 500.0 98.9 137.0 , 1803 109.6 98.4 12961 7063 122.0 186.7 95.0 95.6 94.4 500.0 98.9 137.0 1804 86.4 8165 87.7 7868 67.1 64.1 7502 6165 8867 8163 103067 13401 / 1805 84.6 78.3 85.9 77.5 62.7 62.5 73.8 5967 88.7 78.2 101.8 118.0 © 1810 85.3 8724 «= 81466 ©8869 7441 6245 «= 7605 = G07 = 9229 = 9020 «10327 13401 a

1804 110.1 82.3 110.5 50.0 108.3 35.27 520% 100.0 200.0 020 114.2 ~—=108.5 . 1805 106.4 682.8 166.7 8000 127.3 30.8 75.0 157.1 112-5 66.7 102.7 87.45 1806 102.8 94.0 92-9 33-3 125.0 100.0 45.5 100.9 S1.f 50.0 106.7 100.0 . , | 1807 11064 75.43 14424 20.0 171.4 100.0 42.9 100.0 75.0 50.0 114.7 7544

1808 $105.6 95.0 82.4 75.0 266.7 33.3 23.1 100.0 100.0 100.0 113.0 100.0 | 1811 103.7 122.2 9461 8363 162.5 0.0 88.9 50.0 60.0 100.0 106.0 135.3 _ 1812 103.5 143.5 65.0 100.0 150.0 100.0 100.0 200.0 40.0 150.0 115.0 152.9 ©

1816 70.2 55.6 38.5 180.09 58.3 200.0 79.8 941941 |7 | 1817 75.0 91.2 92666060 70.050.0 55.652.9 100.0 40.0 38.5 180.0 58.3 200.0 79.8 1818 84.9 82.1 11564 57.1 70.8 100.0 69.2 83.3 6607 125.0 89.1 7848 1819 79.5 9129 «=. 906 9, 7540 «©5823 116.7 100.0 133.3 “40.9 150.0 90.3 71.4 | 1820 68.9 912 50.0 50.0 47.1 55.6 38.5 180.0 58.3 200.0 79.8 941

TARIA oo | | - - _

1829 9404 = 9263-17520 = 5000 71e4 5000 = 8440 8725 = 5848 26607 10060 897902 © |

1803. 84.2 111.1 = 0.09 0.0 0.0 0.9 80.6 112161 0.0 0.0 100.0 0.0

1808 81.4 188.9 0.0 0.0 100.0 0.0 77.9 200.0 109.1 100.0 100.0 200.0 —

| TARMAS OO | OO : 1810 96.8 65.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 $5.7 65.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

1802 98.4 116.7 9424 350.0 141.7 100.0 121.6 85.0 84.6 0.0 88-5 116.7

384 PART LI--TASLE 4 TABLE 4. MALE/FEMALE RATIOS (CONTINUED)

YEAR TOTAL M/F WHITE M/F INUITAN M/F PARDO M/F NEGRO M/F SLAVE M/F

ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILE ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD

1803 94-8 112.3 130.0 300.0 G1.f 300.9 109.5 70.8 84.6 0.0 87.7 123.3 1807 116.9 82.1 153.8 87.5 122.22 0-9 120.0 69.6 150.0 0.0 107.22 85.3 1808 114.6 80.3 $3.3 109.09 157.1 200.0 121.6 77.8 125.0 0-0 110.0 16.9 1805 102.4 962% 130.8 8323 118.2 500.0 104.3 4229 100-0 100.0 95.8 124.2

1810 109.9 86-6 154.5 41.7 125.0 50.0 Gile4 122.22 15020 100.0 112.5 87.22 1811 109.4 96e3 159.0 38.25 159.0 100.0 93.3 138.3 175.0 100.0 108.2 95.7

1815 86.7 100.0 13664 22520 166.7 100.0 88.9 137.5 15.0 133.3 78.6 73.3

1816 88.6 78.0 200.0 160.0 225.0 0.0 718.3 76.0 $0.0 667 78.6 1343 1818 108.9 84.8 Li2.7 70.09 150.0 0.0 891 9424 225.0 50.90 105.9 93.3

| 1819 103.3 86.9 154.5 450.0 140.0 0.20 86.2 80.0 7826 0.0 109.5 78.0 | 1820 9229107.2 952270-4 200.0 175.0 200.0 1629 80.5 122.2 84.5T2ef 100.0 | 1829 133.3 100.0 0200.0 Ve0 109.7 64.7 0.0 66.7 0.0 86.4 . TEMERLA

1802 7624 95.8 5425 25.20 0.90 0.9 7725 98.9 0.0 0.0 100.0 0.0 1803 7128 89.0 5425 50.V 0.20 0.0 7209 90.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1804 65.7 112.7 90-90 200.29 0.0 0.90 66.3 111.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1805 113.8 502-0 200.09.0 0.00.0 0.065-3 65-2 108.2 112.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.9 100.0 100.0 0.0 0.0 1806 64-8 64.8 109.3 5020 200.0 1807 63.28 103.2 4424 5020 0.0 0.9 6522 104.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

1808 64.8 109.3 502.0 200.0 0.0 0.0 65-3 108.2 0.0 0.0 100.0 0.0 . 1810 64.7 Ou116.7 0.0 0.0 94992.0 0.00.0 0.00.00.0 1817 78.293.9 93-49.0 114.3 UG 65.3 0.0 76.8 0.00.0 0.0

1818 81.7 93.3 93.3 85.7 0.0 0.0 0.00.0 80.9 936$111.0 0.0 0-0 150.0 100.0 1819 7229 119.3 100.0 100.0 71.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1820 98.3 89-1 100.0 1728 0.0 0.0 94.6 89.7 0.0 0.0 800.0 100.0 1821 95.6 88.7 100.9 77.8 0.9 020 91.4 89.3 Q.0 0.0 800.0 100.0 TINACSD

177i 91.3 102.8 8523 108.1 i05.1 70.0 S624 100.0 183.3 100.0 98.1 100.0 1781 104.0 115.8 193.2 93.8 0.0 0.0 105.7 140.7 83.3 0.0 105.4 200.0 1787 0.90T1e1 89.5 125.0 228.6 1788 88.4 85.1 109.5 116.387.0 84.5$602 S727135.7 G6.8200.0 225.086.9 87.711926 158.1120.0 69.2 0.0 1790 42.6 106.9 98-6 114.4 131.0 200.0 17.2 81.0 83.3 133.3 81.1 80.0 1791 91.9 101.2 92.1 100.8 77.6 166.7 $726 110.0 100.0 0.0 75.0 68.4% | 1754 97.3 97.9 97-56 109.2 i21.9 114.3 93.0 91.9 422.9 100.0 123.9 52.6 1795 94.7 J1.7 9lel 104.7 116.1 53.28 $6.3 8922 37-5 25-0 120.4 61.1 1756 91.4 . 93.1 8620 111.0 157.7 28.65 G324 88.6 58.3 100.0 100.0 58.8 1799 90.5 95.1 $3.4 102.6 108.0 183.3 87.9 85.1 106.7 50.0 71.7 125.0 1800 89.0 87.7 93-1 100.0 113.0 200.0 84.9 1522 75.0 88.9 T8e2 80.0 1801 88.5 87.7 92-9 100.9 104.2 450.0 87.5 7322 #8 81.3 50.0 6425 122.42 1802 85.6 95.9 87.1 128.7 112.5 233.3 7725 70.1 115.5 88.5 79.20 71629 1803 86.5 96.7 90-0 124.6 127.3 160.0 7522 7424 $.111.7 110.7 88.6 83.3 1804 86.0 92.6 83.5 108.6 i21.7 140.0 1529 82.3 116.4 7124 82.4% 87.5 1805 86.3 100.3 B8.0 129.3 96.3 100.0 80.1 86.6 110.3 60.7 82.4 78.9 1806 85.7 1038.1 90.3 127.9 90.0 200.0 78.7 93.7 89.2 18.6 87-1 106.3 1807 82-6 103.5 85.3 128.1 80.0 250.0 18.5 91.8 88.4% 45.7 82-9 114.3

PART TI--TABLE 4 385

| TASLE 42 MALE/FEMALeE RATIOS (CONTINUED) : YEAR TOTAL M/F WHITE M/F INDIAN M/F PARDO M/F NEGRO M/F SLAVE M/F

ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD

1808 80-3 103.3 852-8 120.6 85.2 150.90 70.5 90.8 101.6 68.0 81.7 114.3

1811 8324 91.4 $5.26 87.7 6667 60-0 7326 100.7 85.5 80.0 89.8 80.0 1812 83.2 93.6 85-5 110.1 90.3 60.0 81.9 63.8 38.9 33.23 83.6 106.7 1816 101.264.9 70-7109.3 $18.531.8 45.584.2 73.967.8 84.0 1503 1529 0.0 0.0 0.0 1817 762.0 6602 98.8 0.0 83-6 78.5 120.0 127.8 1819 67.4 83.0 6423 $526 31-8 84-22 71.5 580% 0.0 0.0 7825 127.8 1820 86-791.6 100.29269 882.3752-5 112-570.23 6726 90.5 140.5121.7 88.3 0.0 1821 113.8 89.5 99.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 7726 16.5 93.5 93.5

1822 90.1 86.7 8769 B%e7 $503 7003 9065 8369 6667 7560 105.2 12167

1823 S2el1 97.4 88.0 109.2 146.4 766 91.0 840% 87.0 9229 91.0 88.4 1824 91.8 97.1 88.0 108.8 137.3 77.8 51.6 841 87.0 9209 90.7 8504 1825 92.1 97.24 8820 10962 146.4 16.26 $1.0 8424 87.0 9209 91.0 88.4 1827 99.5 98.6 99-1 107.9 137.0 114.3 100.2 90.6 87.1 3526 78.7 17.26 1829 98-4 102.1 99.3 114.9 146.0 93.1 97.8 90-8 85462 78.6 7623 81.3 1830 90.5 94.5 38-4 106.4 100.0 389.3 $5.5 83.7 9226 1629 65.3 7124 183i 9222 93.2 39.5 97.8 9225 82.1 96.7 86.7 93.3 91.7 80.2 97.3 1832 94.1 95.8 90-1 09.6 90.3 108.3 101.4 87.3 T1124 i06.7 84.3 94.1 1834 104.2 81.9 111.2 72-5 100-0 80.6 104.6 95.9 76.20 97-0 73.5 0.0 1835 106.9 82.3 102.5 69.6 93.0 74.3 120.1 99-1 97.8 106.8 T7221 0.0 , 1836 96.5 6729 9826 5509 GO04 54e1 98.7 8301 87.7 9209 70.8 0.0 1837 108.9 85.0 95.0 91.0 90.6 81.3 97.1 T7el §=6454.3 92.5 8644 0.0

TINAJAS | |

1781 90.6 156.2 66-0 200.0 95.5 200.9 108.4 200.0 92-21 260.0 85.7 171.7

1801 93.4 97.6 94.7 70.0 300.0 0.0 $5.7 91.9 216.7 50.0 7222 200.20 1802 8727 104-25 138-1 020 6020 25.0 81.0 98.2 366.7 0.0 78.8 131.3 1803 91.1 82-8 11225 356.7 120.0 20.0 82e2 76.6 160.0 100.0 125.5 100.0 1804 84.8 91.3 88.7 116.7 118.2 300.0 250.0 175.0 60.0 0.90 77.587.9 86.7131.6 G22625-0 3725116.7 120.8111.1 83.3 1805 86.7 0.0 76.0 1807 88.4 96.0 T6e2 Qe0 0.0 0.0 0.00.0 71929 81.7 181.5 115.0 350.0 — 1808 131.3 103.1 133.3 400.0 132.7 104.3 0.0 200.0 0.0 120.0 5526 1809 109.5 97.6 1334-3 400.0 0.0 0-90 109.4 98.3 0.0 0.0 102.7 5526 1810 108.8 102.3 133.3 166.7 0.0 0-0 107.8 103.7 0.0 0-0 111.8 #£=55.6 1811 107.9 98.5 125.0 275.0 100.0 0.0 105.5 97.8 0.0 0.0 125.0 111.1 : 1813 92-0 S92-7 11027 162.5 100.0 0.0 86.7 90.3 82.8 66ef 153.6 114.3 1819 65.3 83.7 77.8 50.20 164.3 28.6 2826 1820 = 1.21 83.7 77.8 50.00.0 0.00.20 0.0 59.0 52.989.7 89.77723 77.3 6922 69.2 164.3

TINAQUILLO : 7 1781 97.7 103.4 102.8 80.0 75.0 250.0 S7«2 105.8 0.0 0.0 86.7 116.7 1788 89.2 564.0 81.8 13343 66.7 6922 $3.0 47.2 100.0 0.0 7728 100.0 1790 3528 99-4 112.9105.7 82.6 842.6 93-3 85.7 266.7 0.0 0.0 30.0 50.0 0.0 0.0 1791 9602 108.3112.5 60.0 88.1 93.6 115.4 103.3 133.3 1787 89.2 117.5 84.8 129.0 69.2 6942 91.8 119.0 300.0 °#£=9.0 60.0 - 020 1792 101.7 100.0 105.4 121.9 85.7 80.0 102.6 94.0 200.0 200.0 4622 100.0 1794 93-7 116.3 108.2 107.9 72.7 60.0 89.7 119.2 100.0 200.0 50.0 150.0

386 PART ITI--TABLE 4 _ TABLE 42 MALE/FEMALE RATIOS (CONTINUED)

YEAR TOTAL M/F WHITE M/F INDIAN M/F PARDG M/F NEGRO M/F SLAVE M/F

ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD |

17S$5 93.7 116.3 108.2 1C7.9 72.7 60.0 89.7 119.2 100.0 200.0 50.0 150.0 _ 1796 94.2 129.1 101.8 135.7 91.7 1590.0 90.2 126.5 300.0 0.0 77.8 75.90 1798 86.8 121.3 91.5 150.3 Gi.e7 250.0 85.7 120.0 125.0 100.0 40.0 71.4 1799 80.7 10724 1042.3 134.4 68.8 100.0 70.3 100.8 233.3 200.0 70.0 80.0 1800 86.8 191.2 105.6 $4.3 53.8 75.0 80.8 100.0 233.3 200.0 40.0 180.0 | 1801 80.3 102.3 85.2 128.1 62.25 100.0 19.26 97-7 116-7 200.0 50.0 6225

| 1802 77.9 127.4 87.7 169.7 69.0 159.0 75-4 $121.0 125.0 50.0 3725 62.5 1803 86.1 83.2 9404 121.59 78.6 85.7 83.8 78.9 175.0 66.7 33.3 33.3 1804 87-4 110.8 103.0 147.4 73.23 57.41 82.2 105.7 116-7 50.0 46.2 1144 1805 77.6 88.7 9521 136.9 638.2 80.0 71.25 84.29 87.5 40.0 41.7 50.0 1806 99.5 103.7 83.3 1202.9 6245 200.0 117-4 105.6 125.0 50.0 1524 75.20

1807 719.6 116.4 83.6 108.3 70.6 200.9 7929 119.4 150.0 100.0 23-1 80.0 | 18C8 79.7 11744 8322 112.5 70.6 200.9 806-1 119.4 150.0 100.0 2321 80.0 1809 90.7 109.7 8920 155.22 8).0 100.0 96.9 90.5 0.0 £9.20 13.3 150.90 1811 101.5 108.7 101.1 139.0 100.0 120.0 104.9 97.3 200.0 40.0 0.0 50.0 1812 103.0 108.7 102.2 139.20 100.0 120.0 105.9 9723 400.20 490.0 0.0 50.0

1815 83.2 103.3 104.9 85.4 88.5114.8 115.0104.3 61.5 125.0 83.90 101.3 0.0 0.90 1816 82.7 83.3 79-6 102-3 142-9 80.0 16.7 100.050.0 0.0 1817 7921 91.7 39.6 110.1 66.7 100.0 74.7 85.21 200-0 0.0 71.4 3343 1818 81.1 109.7 86.2.8 133263 13020 300.0 77.5 98.6 66.7 200.0 100.0 0.0 1820 86.9 99.3 92-6 120.56 104.2 108.3 84.0 91.7 90.0 128.6 87.0 100.0 1822 99-3 104.2 112.29 97-9 83.3 106.7 S220 104244 T1520 233.3 90-0 183.3 1823 98.7 81.9 96.1 822298.0 81.8596022 79.6 390-0 82.2 86.25 77.6 93.25 1836 %75.06222 69-42 59.8 97.30.0 75.00.0 50.0 95.5 0.0 TOCUYT To

1803 110.8 112-6 117.4 11227 160.0 150.9 $0.5 109.9 133.3 72.7 #+%146.1 125.7

1804 109.4 106.3 112.8 110.3 160.0 150.0 90.7 103-7 133.3 7227 143.8 108.9 1805 111.1 105.4 112.8 108.1 133.3 142.9 $4.6 105.7 137.5 70.0 143.8 102.1 1812 99.2 7725 147.29 59.1 682.5 50.0 83.4 925 30.0 150.0 115.2 16.8 | 1816 133.5 117.2 124.5 126.5 62.5 137.5 139.3 118.8 121-1 150.0 135.4 107.8 TUCUP IDS

1783 90.4 78.9 0.9 0.0 90.4 78.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

1801 104.8 98.2 108.2 123.1 108.2 96.3 94.22 86.9 8725 752.0 125.5 125.0 1805 104.3 97.3 106.1 120.0 107.3 95.7 83.3 66.7 C5 e4 90.0 124.6 107.7 1809 96.0 102.9 110.4 111.4 93.8 98.29 8561 9Tf.1 80.0 60.0 131.7 142.4

TUCUPIDO DE GUANARE | 1802 9229 118.8 110.2 113.2 8224 123.1 108.0 120.2 4629 117.4 7945 119.7

1803 87.3 82.9 82.4 99.2 74.8 82.9 86.5 $5.8 132.1 43.2 102.5 86.9 1804 90.7 82.4% 83.8 9225 85245 872% 99.2 90.5 106-2 32e2 125.0 80.4 | 1805 90.7 82.4 83.3 92.5 65.5 87.4 99.2 90.5 106.2 32-2 125.0 80.4. 18C7 93.4 82-4 85.3 712-2 98.2 82.3 102.22 96.7% 115.29 80.0 62.7 96.7 1808 86.0 124 91.3 62068 8265 64.2 82.5 83.5 84.3 78.6 87.9 51.6 1809 91.0 15.6 8224 7322 105.4 81.4 $4.3 80.8 109.9 57.1 70.3 70.7 1810 80.5 75.2.0 112.2 120.7 $5.362.23 79.7 8544 82.9 1817 87.2 69.4 81.5 59.0 16.28 70.0 51.3 70.0 65.8 83.3 69.0 65.5 7623 95.5 77.8

, , , | ; , , TUCURAGUA | ee |

|OO| «TABLE | | | PART LI--TABLE 4 387 4. MALE/FEMALE RATIOS (CONTINUED) Oc , -

YEAR TOTAL M/F WHITE M/F INDIAN M/F PARDO M/F NEGRO M/F SLAVE M/F ADULT CHILO ADULT CHILO ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD

1802. 86.5 157.1 87.5 0.0 0.0 100.0 8466 16667 6667 060 11564 128.6 ,

1803 863000 060 0.06466 6767 16864 0.0 83.3 166.7 180471.3 76.4135.6 158.5 100.0 88.9 000 060 154.5 75.06667 0.0 13624 150.0 1805 81.0 156.1 150.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 7564 162.5 200.0 0.0 8644 133.3 — 18C7 108.0 89.6 66.7 200.0 0.0 0.0 107.7 100.0 100.0 0.0 130.8 53.8 $1808 $77.1 100.0 85.7 200.0 0.0 0.0 71.7 106.38 120.0 0.0 106.3 70.0

a TUREN a , | |

1809 77.6 100.0 85.7 200.0 06.0 0.0 71.7100.0 106.80.0 150.0 0.0 106.3S571 70.0 : , 1812 82.5 85.0 00 0.0 0.0 0.0 76.9 0.0 130.8 1816 6102 104.5 020 060 0.0 0.0 45.9 146.7 0.0 0.0 183.3 14.3 1778 85.7 866368.7 82.581.60 75.08363 44.478.2 84.68723 92.29466 100.0 73.7 40.052.5 100.0 0.0 1801 44.7 108.8 71.40.0 128.6

1809 83.0 71.3 8925 8060 87.0 7063 6503 6746 6125 83.43 0.0 0.0. 1810 85.6 113-61 8266 11461 79.9 86.7 9144 123.4 80.0 120.0 70.6 60,0

1812, 78.5 92.0 74.0 9723 81.6 108.8 81.1 85.2 133.3 0.0 16.7 0.0

TURTAMO _ | | | i a | |

1816 90.8 75.0 83.1 67.9 89.4 77.8 101.4 79.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1802100.0 89.3 66.7 0.00.0 0.00.0 42.9 80.075.0 . 200.0 85.4103.8 64.1 , 1803 106.70.0 0.00.0 O60 140.0 100.0100.0 0.0 90.0 1804 82.0142.3 75.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 70.0 166.733463 100.0 0.0 0.073.5 78.0134.8 63.8 © 1805 75.3 0.0 0.0 060 040 643 300.0 1808 76.1 104.9 0.0 0.0 040 0.0 13068 125.0 44.4 66.7 65.2 105.9 oo

— -TURMERO , oe | | | _

1819 7764 . 135.47 0.0 200.0 0.0 0.0 54.2 126.7 80.0 150.0 81.0 137.5 —

= «1T8L «= 9442 108.0 = 9748) 128.3 86.2 95.5 9403 96.8 0.0 0.6.0 94.2 58.3

1803.9004 91.088e1 86.690.5 91.6 92.5 $2.8 90.8 90.9 79.9 76.3 1804 9364 Gle2 8964 9103 8006 76.6 84.171.6 914891.8 92.189.7 (1806 83.3 90.1 74.6 8947 85.1 88.3 8949 86.63 7662 95.5 90.3 97.0 1808 74.5 89.9 66.1 88.9 68.7 8867 7264 9364 8201 87.5 997.7 8961 1809 75.6 91.1 82.0 766% 70.3 83.8 61265 11661 80.3 88.7 94.4 91.1 1811 78.1 387.6 87.7 80.7 69.0 83.6 6624 100.9 81.1 91.0 940% 8601

—-URACHICHE | | | | a |

1782-7426) «109.4 = -74.6 «=©100.0 71.0 106.0 7364 119.0 133.3 100.0 82.9 111.8

1788 78.63 92.6 9366 9263 71.63 122.6 69.5 8lel 0.0 0.0 139.5 25.0 , , = 1802 «80.0 110.8 102.6 83.3 8361 132.6 7566 109.4 9567 5566 77.8 106.7

388 PART I[TI--TABLE 4

TABLe 42 MALE/FEMALE RATIOS (CONTINUED) ,

YEAR TOTAL M/F WHITE M/F INDIAN M/F PARDC M/F NEGRO M/F SLAVE M/F

ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD

1803 83-2 120-4 100.0 77.8 80.0 133.3 8G.0 1132.2 96-7 162.5 102.7 166.7 1804 114.8200.0 96-0 7728 80.7 152.5 94.4 1805 7926 76.2 108.7 80.0 62-62 111.17624 79.0112.5 111.8100.0 106.370.0 28.6T2207 65.2 121.1 1807 79.0 105.8 31.8 64.3 91.1 136.5 72-2 106.8 100.0 35.3 83.f 106.7 1809 85.2 104.21 102.2 15166 $0.9 98.4 79.3 101.5 752.9 120.0 108.1 68.4% 1810 84.6 112.3 8224 150.0 386.7 95.2 85.2 116.7 82-1 114.3 1424 66.7 1811 8622 84464 85.20 1815 83.9 84.26101.0 110.88720 820% 131.3 86.77743 95-4283-1 85.2115.8 11627 82.1150.0 114.385.4% 74.24 50.0 66.7 1816 81.0 101.3 562.9 10925 69.6 89.22 87.5 104-4 118.2 100.0 103.7 85.7

1817 84.3 101.0 1602 65.7 385.1 90.6 80.9 lO7.-7 132.21 150.0 127.8 75.0 1818 85.4% 9222 8925 80.0 97% 78.1 802.3 107-8 132.6 6322 68.8 80.6 1819 70.2 105.8 73.8 110.8 85.0 92.5 64.2 123.23 6324 60.9 15.5 7323

URAMA :

1802 112.6 125.90 920 0.0 0.90 0.0 115.2 124.6 87.9 125.9 121.1 112.5 1804 89-3 128-6 120.0 200.0 0.0 0.0 962-3 119.4 75.0 160.0 66.7 110.0 | 1806 84.6 100.0 190.0 133.3 0.0 020 82.1 91.2 87.5 137.5 94.7 50.0 1807 85.5 105.8 200.0 150.0 0.0 0.9 80.4 121.8 9404 66.7 8422 66.7 1808 90.1 117.7 133.3 100.0 0.0 0.0 85.9 119.29 9225 140.0 107.1 70.0 1810 93e8 101-2 133.3 0.0 100.0 0.0 91.8 99.3 102.% 100.0 80.0 100.0

1818 85.2 190.0 Jed 020 0.0 0.0 81.3 113.5 0.0 02.0 11544 2301

VALENCIA 7

1819 77.29 93.3 020 0.0 0.0 0.9 1523 93.9 0.0 0.0 94.4 85.7

1782 86.8 106-1 94-8 104.8 107.5 95.0 80.2 108.26 87.5 233.3 79.1 101.5

1802 1226 98.5 82.8 81.3 60.0 71.4 69.3 116.5 127.0 200.0 54.1 88.4 1803 662.4 101.1 90.3 98.6 53.23 88.9 63.0 107.1 49.6 80.0 43.3 9204 1804 64.9 93-2 7723 15064 48.8 133.3 62.0 104.6 58.1 9724 52e1 87.1 1805 78.22 67.6 48.8 48.8 142.3 142.3 68.2 68.2 112.9 112.0 7528 93.2561.3 60.888.3 87.4 1808 69.8 69.8 94.20 942 7822 67265 75.8 9325 1809 62.f 100.0 1320 9228 682-3 81.0 5522 104.7 58.8 88.9 59.7 108.1 1812 1526 99.8 100.6 9228 85-1 81.0 64.1 104.7 64.9 81.5 65.2 108.1 1815 44.7 102.7 70-5 113.5 627 9667 7724 101.6 94.4% 366.7 10.4 8629 1816 7423 103-61 170.9 119.2 74.7 9801 76.7 101.2 84.8 138.5 71.0 85.3

. VALLE DE LA PASCUA |

1819 82.7 S307 83.3 91.5 76.3 9523 83.4 95.3 81.6 73.23 83.8 93.3

1804 100.6 111.2 118.7 95-3 90-6 164.7 1902.9 122.3 0-0 0.0 78.7 101.6 1805 111.4 107.3 109.5 9320 110.4 190.0 104.2 108.0 0.0 0.0 129.4 97.8 1806 107.7 98. 103.6 G5e2 94.3 105.9 98.5 105.2 0.0 0.0 135.8 89.5 1808 103.4 100.0 101.8 88.5 84.8 87.9 101.9 100.0 0.0 0.0 122-9 122-2 1809 105.9 100.7 102.21 100.0 111.6 113.9 98.2 112.3 0.0 0.0 119.5 71922 VILLA DE CURA

1780 99.4 98.8 89.0 832.3 88.0 65-2 1l12.-1 131.2 151.4 T2227 97.9 65.5

PART I[I--TABLE 4 389

| TABLE 42. MALE/FEMALE RATIOS (CONTINUED) | YEAR TOTAL M/F WHITE M/F INDIAN M/F PARDO M/F NEGRO M/F SLAVE M/F | ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD ADULT CHILD |

1796 147.6 165.9 172.4 170.8 70.4 50.0 115.9 213.3 140.9 166.7 101.2 127.3 1802 94.9 94.2 97.3 98.0 105.4 80.0 88.2 102.6 7328 48.9 106.7 88.7 1803 7322 10224 105.3 €4.% 28-6 179.23 713.7 65.9 112.8 136.0 36-1 2046.2 :

1804 95.9 120.0 80.2 137.8 92-0 103.9 126.0 95.3 97.5 155.6 112.9 140.0 |

1805 98.4 100.9 98-9 111.8 94.0 75.0 98.2 97.8 7625 33.3 99.6 88.8 a

(1806 92-1 105.4% $62.9 113.7 77.4 116.7 8424 1003 70.0 200.0 100.8 100.0

1808 83.8 94.1 89.2 93-4 0.3 89.7 18.7 9522 64.8 9520 92.8 9329 i809 86.4 88.4 88.5. G4.5 113.5 75.0 74.6 81.5 15.9 60.0 97.2 95.8 1811 89.9 84.11524 95-1.97.8 87-166.7 98.6 41.747-1 125.0 83.3 9650.067.25 81.186.6 98.3 80.2 | 1816 57.64 97.6 8425 0.0 74.7 1817 66.7 107.8 71-9 10728 63.6 0.90 60.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 12.24 0.0 1822 66.2 96.6 61.8 70.56 88-26 105.0 67.6 112.8 0.0 0.9 70.0 135.6

YARITAGUA | |

1782 91.7 103.7 934 S720 1.9 83.43 86.2 107.1 0-0 00-0 1365-5 163.22 1802 69.0 59.8 93.9 47064 23-0 321 69.3 53.8 59.8 77.28 91.7 81.3 1803 69.4 T172383.7 83.7105.3 94.7 1804 69.4 62.7 65.3 93.5 932561.4 6124262% 26.7 3.45 3.45 69.6 69.6 44.7 48.2 622% 6204 1964 1805 75.2 7325 78.5 7725 3265 2343 €5.2 67.8 7301 1029 B2e2 95.7 1807 65.3 1724 88.0 58.8 36.2 84.0 81.8 68.7 4929 94.5 41704 1226

1808 68.2 682 19.7 1809 19.7 87.5 872560.0 60.040.0 40-084.90 84.20G21 G2178.6 18.646.1 46619622 96.258.4 58.45601 5601 1811 69.6 78.1 83.9 63.2 40.7 90.9 89.26 18.8 50.4 86.3 6222 6744 1812 792.584.6 8029 85.0 76.28 77.796.2 54.6109.5 91.5 6204 1816 67-2 89.9 97.9 ©.64.09 77-5 4929 220 100.0 $1.1 99.6 7323 6569 200.0 1817 58.5 160.4 80.0 116.4 62.5 71.44 5226 214.28 72.20 T1621 62-7 104.0 1820 89.5 9057 7Ow.L 111.5 72.6 99.0 105.3 80.9 63.1 102.1 7321 12826

390 PART LI--TABLE 5 TABLE 52 POPULATION BY RACE (PERCENT)

ACARIGUA

YEAR TOTAL WHiTé INDIAN PARDO NEGRO SLAVE BLACK :

1802 222118.75 19.5460.42 57.45 21.43 81 20.83 23.01| | 1303 2549 18.99 °9877 $286 1805 2525 18.85 61.54 13.73 ~ 36 51 19.60

1808 2563 16.19 64.42 18.77 027 °35 19.39 1809 2583 16.11 64.&5 13.52 223 019 159.05 1310 2302 18.03 62.42 18.77 239 °48 $19.55 1812 2326 18.14 62.17 18.57 239 ~73 19.69 1829 987 33.84 4.956 57.35 1.93 1.93 61.20 — ACHAGUAS

1801 1104 10.387 92-€0 75.53 2036 1-54 79.53

| 1804 2513 14.80 42.53 70.51 5281 329% 80.26

1806 1238 16.16 25.44 47.25 3.80 72-35 58.40

| AGUA BLANCA | |

18ll 2475 18222 13225 55.92 3223 9.37 68.53

1779 527 5e5l) «650647 843.207 0.00 1.14 44.21 1801 587 15.67 37.82 46.51 0.00 0.00 46.51 1802 557 15.08 37.15 47.76 0.00 0.00 47.76

1803 $20 557 18.91 15.038 37.16 47.76 0290 0-00 47.76 : 1804 36.52 44.57 0.00 0.00 44.57 1805 717 20236 33-47 46.203 0.00 ~14 46.16 1808 795 52-16 44.91 49.31 13 050 49.94.

1812 884 6.719 39.48 52.71 1.02 0.00 53.73 7 | 1815 804 21.64 28.23 50.12 0200 0.00 50.12 1830 769 26253 28.2€&7% 44.34 0.00 226 44.60 , |

AGUA CULEERAS : 1781 1906 14.74 11.28 62.38 279 10.81 73.98 1802 1213 1i1-29 14.218 69.58 1.32 3263 74.53 |

i803 1063 10.63 12-19 73.00 1.41 2-16 76.58

1804 746 13.94 13.€7 66.22 1.74 4242 172.39 ,

1805 1209 11.990 8.47 1732290 1.08 5-96 80.223

1807 881 10.10 12.03 73.78 1.59 22-50 77.87 1808 594 9-86 11.27 13.84 1.71 3-22 78.77 1809 1007 10.72 11.22 72.85 1.99 3218 78.05 1811 855 10.99 10.53 73.10 1.75 3-63 78.48

1812 788 8.88 11.80 73.73 1.27 4.31 79.31 i18i5 661 5239 8.02 83.51 ofo 2242 86.269 1817 408 7260 18.87 71.208 0200 2-45 173.253 1818 634 6.47 12.46 178.86 0.00 2-21 81.07 1819 568 1222 72S2 82.239 0.00 2246 84.86

1820 751 4.79 0.00 77.63 9-59 7299 95221 | |

_ | oe PART II--TABLE 5 391 TABLE 5. POPULATION 3Y RACE (CONTINUED) |

oe YEAR «TOTAL WHITE INDIAN PARDO NEGRO SLAVE BLACK | =

1821 732 3.69 8661 76.78 10.66 «27 87-70 — |

| oe| 1803AGUACALTENTE oe | | 507 14.99 0.00 81.07 0.00 3.94 85.01 © | a 1805B84) 536) «14.88 2040) ©0600 62431 95678 «10645 7865485.12 — 7 ,/ a oean 1806 = 060071690 90600 13222 | 1807 548 11.31 0.00 73.72 0.00 14.96 88.69 : |

a 38791458) 0660 85449 0400 12293 98442 | 1819 394-1478 «0200 85428 = 0600 12694 98.22 | | | |

| Oe ALPARGATON | re oo | | 1804 239 0.00 0.00 72.80 27-20 0.00 100.00 / 7 1805 227 0.00 0.00 70.48 29.52 0.000.00 100.00 1806 183 0.00 0.00 72.68 27.32 100.00 1807 216. 020006053470 46.30 0.00 100.00 a © ee

| «1818 = 0.00 «19102000200: 100.00 0.00 0.00 100.00 || | 1819 156 0-60 100.00 0.00 0.00 100.00 | | ; 1820-346) 06000600 76459 23.41 0.00 100.00 | oe AL TAGRACTA DE ORITUCO _ : : | ; | 1783 S68) 24428 «41643 «1676 18649 14.05 34.30 | | | 1802 £1615 33.207 34.61 235228 268 8. 36 32032 | | 1803.1785 165228.35 28.93 31-04 34.87 23.73 || 1804 23.591.657 2452 10.90 14.5136.20 40.62a _| |

a 1806 18031807 34.781865 29484 20.24 3.22 19.14 11.92 35439 34.75 29276 34675 |12.60 35.50 | | 13809-1938 32.87 30-70 20.43 4.08 11.92 36643 — | | 1810 1905 30-24 20.58 11.8635.68 37.06 i811 32670 1900 33.00 31.32 19.584.62 4.00 12.11 | , i Bn

Oo os ALTAMIRA | | a | : a 1783 352 0.09 100.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 - :

ae ANTIMANO | | | «481 40-1286 = 5213) 16.49 10626 7.31 60.81 78.38 oe |

— | APARICION | a | «4803-2331 26.98 25.87 31.02 12.91 3.22 47-15 - a te 1819-1176) 22.28 «15.56 32657 2404 27.55 62.16 | |

7 | ~-4g02 2373) 26.00 27627 30.26 12.35 4013 46673 |

1804 3388 29.46 19.45 47687 0.00 3.22 51.09° ,

1808 3297 22.54 23.61 50.53 0.00 3.43 53.96 | 1809 2742 29.76 16.67 49.78 0.00 3.79 53.57 Be

392 PART LI--TABLE 5 TABLE 52 POPULATION BY RACE (CONTINUED)

YEAR TOTAL WHiTE INDIAN PARDC NEGRO SLAVE BLACK

1612 2454 «29.30 22.70 46.21 0.00 1-79 48.00 | APURITO

1802 446 6205 8.30 59064 16.682 9219 85.65 1806 407 20.88 11.55 63.14 0.00 4.42 67.57 1807 545 22.39 194C8B 50028 40622 4604 58.53 AKAGUITA

1784 884 3062 11654 15627 2649 67208 84.84

1802 661 3203 8.32 3048 3263 81-54 88.65

1803 581 3.96 2.93 69 «4.82 87.61 93.12 ,

, 18051807 5046il3.57 2.78 1.79 1-79 90.08 93.65 | 2.95 10.31 10047 2662 82465 952.74 1810 508 7.87 5.S1 17.632 6e10 62.80 86.22 1811 479 7093 6026 22.55 5.64 57.62 85.80 1812 391 9.46 6214 18.67 5.37 60.36 84.40 1816 455 12.75 7.C3 11.87 8.35 60.00 80.22 1819 453 15.01 2087 11-04 7206 64.02 82.12

, a ARAURE

, 1778 2841 45.69 8.83 25.20 9264 10.63 45.248 , «1798 7528 235227 17220 42.99 4.54 0.00 47.53 1799s - 7704) 335092) «617063 42052 8644053 0=60 02 00S 472 05

1800 7835 35.33 17021 420651 40685 0.00 47.36

1801 2668 21.03 3.00 68.03 7.95 0.00 75.97 1802 3285 32.39 4.32 54.09 2219 7.00 63.29 1803 3130 33.07 32.58 54.38 1-88 7.09 634235 1804 2604 37.06 5.03 48.66 1.38 7287 57.91 1805 2876 48.68 5.35 38.42 1-63 5.91 45.97 1808 3061 30.12 9.87 51245 049 8.07 60.01 1809 3134 31-56 10.43 50.03 32 7266 58.01 1810 3167 31.58 10.33 49.83 044 7283 58.10 1811 3444 36.38 9.52 45.96 °81 7432 54.09 1812 3212 31691 10.15 49.13 1.209 7.72 57.94 1829 4229 42.647 7219 45.54 3448 1.32 50.34

AKEGUE :

1802 70% 14.77 49-86 32624 0.00 3.13 35.37 1803 852 8.80 61.615 27682 0.00 2.23 30.05 1804 753 10.36 66-53 20.85 0.00 2.26 23.11 1809 980 12.2% 64.269 20.00 020 2086 23-06 : 1815 $38 18.98 49.36 27.40 0.00 4.26 31.66 ARENALES

1802 902 1641 9258 44624 14619 15.19 73.61 1803 925 20.00 9.51 43268 11-68 15.14 70.49

7 | PART LI--TABLE 5 393 TABLE 5¢ PGPULATION BY RACE (CONTINUED) , YEAR TOTAL WHITE INDIAN PARDO NEGRO SLAVE BLACK ,

«1804 922 17690 9676 47018 9265 15651 72.34

1805 90713689 15.66 110614 11.80 39247 18630 14.77 72.55 , L807 307 48-07 11236 15655 74.97 1809 919 10688 16643 44672 15634 12-62 72.269

| ~ ARICHUNA , 1801 589 23.94 49.58 19.52 5.09 1.87 25.49 a 1804 855 17678 53622 15267 1049 5285 29.01

| ARCA ,

1802 1588 7.43 7.87 66.25 8.75 9.70 84.70 1805 1462 13613 5275 47288 26661 6263 81.12

1807 1468 13.15 6.68 48.50 26.84 4.84 80.18

1809 1458 7682 5eCl 74.28 5628 761 87017 1817 966 12e60L 024CO 824619 2638 3442 87.99

1818 1389 15669 8.57 62071 13-03 0.00 75.74 | ATAMAICA

1780 133. 3.76 $3.98 -75 1650. 0.00 2226 | 1802 336 33204 41.56 19.94 230 47 25.00 ,

AYAMANES ,

1802 524 Gal& 90.84 90.00 0.00 0200 £40.00

1803 462 11647 87.88 -65 02.00 £0.00 065 1804 483 6e21l 894623 4055 0.00 0.00 4.55

. 1805 4251807 13018 84.71 2612 04.00 0.00 2012 621 14633 79eCT 6260 0.00 0.00 # £6.60 18908 634 16656 76259 6694 0.00 0.00 6.9%

1815 633 15.01 70.53 13-90 0.00 -16 14.06

BANCG LARGO | 1805 1304 28.83 13.€0 22.70 17-64 17.02 57.36

1809 1164 16649 10.22 61660 3652 98.616 73.28 BARBACOAS DE LOS LLANOS

1783 1714 33631 13648 22.05 26.08 5.08 53.21 1803 2384 37629 130676 27647 17.607 4640 48.95 , 1804 2716 1805 35664 11.38 11.52 33.69 7.77 52.98 3110 29681 7685 25272 30.71 52492 62.35 1809 3241 33629. 14.238 25.86 21672 4075 52.33 | 1810 3056 35.01 12270 26260 21.99 3.70 52.229 181L 3045 35e14 122615 26.96 21074 420% 52.74 ,

, 394 PART LI--TABLE 5 TABLE 5. POPULATION BY RACE (CONTINUED) | YEAR TOTAL WHITE INDIAN PARDG NEGRO SLAVE BLACK © BARBACOAS DEL TOCUYO

1802 606 18.605 39.77 14-52 24.442 2264 41.58

, 1803 537 16.20 46.93 13.59 19.37 3.91 36.87

1804 500 19.17 42.33 1417 19.67 4.6 38.50

, , 1812

1805 631 16.32 44.69 14.58 18.07 6034 38.99 1806 630 15.08 40.00 15.219 24413 4.60 44.92 1807 642 16036 39.88 16.51 24.30 2296 43.77 1808 673 17.68 38.93 172683 21.10 (4646 43.39 1809 698 18.05 38.£3 13.34 20.06 4.73 43.12 1810 748 17-51 38.10 19.65 19.92 4.281 44.39 604 23.01 34-44 36.26 5.13 1.16 42.55 1815 702 15.10 34.47 44.87 1-85 3.70 50.43 1816 634 17.03 36.75 39.12 3.94 3015 462i | 1817 766 11-35 35.90 46.21 207% 23479 522474 1818 649 11.09 33.90 47.77 2031 4-93 55.01 | 1819 775 11287 33.81 43.61 6.58 4.13 54.32

BARQUISIMETO 1779 8776 9.28 7.&2 58.23 15.67 9631 83.20 1815 12596 6010 11-45 73.40 3.86 5.19 82445 BARQUISIMETG, MITAD DE(1)

1802 5167 16.62 12.€6 43.29 20.81 6.62 70.72 1803 5189 16.655 12.€&5 43.28 20.62 6-59 70.50

1804 5695 15.33 11.94 39258 26.23 6.92 72.73 |

1805 5324 16.36 11.83 44.55 20.34 6.82 71.81 1807 5992 7e2l 9.46 62.98 8.34 12.00 83.33 1808 6043 7-36 10.54 61.31 8.82 11.96 82.05

1810 5993 7.21 9.46 62.97 8.34 12.01 83.33 1811 6439 7270 9.28 61.81 8.91 12.19 82.292 1817 5909 4.81 21.276 70.87 225 22.30 73.43 1818 4544 2-86 24.08 66.73 3.59 2075 73.06 1819 4490 3.14 23.288 66.30 3.63 32.05 72.98 1820 4529 3e60 21.42 68.71 3,00 3.27 174.98

BARQUISIMETO, MITAD DE(2) oe

1802 5410 13.23 4.10 66.78 5.88 10.00 82.66 1803 5972 22204 4e22 39.79 24.45 9.51 73.74 1804 5906 21.84 4244 38.84 25.31 9257 73.72 1805 5962 21.74 4.34 38.85 25.19 9.88 73.92 41807 5930 22.07 42.40 38.87 25.09 9.56 73.52 13808 5532 21.04 4.16 33.81 27.02 8.97 74.80 1809 5628 21.34 4.98 29.02 35.50 9.17 73.69 , 1810 5628 21.34 4.98 29.02 35.50 9.17 73.69 1811 6693 19.17 4.96 28.40 39.56 7.90 75.87 1817 6933 6.59 3.64 79.33 4.07 6-07 89.247

|a a|TABLE _ | PART II-=-TABLE 5 395 : 5. PUPULATICON BY RACE (CONTINUED). oe a | , YEAR TOTAL WHITE INDIAN PARDO NEGRO SLAVE BLACK : oe

| | 1818 6709 76629 46924.99 6644 87264 —| || Oo 1819 7690 6797 4246 Bel? 4690 75440 6255 86.94 .,

- a - BARUTA | | | a | : ~1820 6824 8.78 4.81 74.94 5.01 62.46 86.42 | | ,

oO1803 | 1802 2046 — 42.38 35.53 6.94 3227 11-88 22.09 : 2371 | oe . SO ~ 2109 38.45 372 E&4) 1240 4.255 11.76. 2124 38.98 36.49 71.39 4.90 12.24 24.53 |:|| | aoe1804 - 1805 2066 354214 39.50 7089 4.07 13.41 25.36 ee oe ] 1811 2029 39.87 34.15 6.51 3250 15.38 25.38 - |

7

| 1816 $1155 38.10 34.211 608% 15.24 27.79 oo OO | 1817 1545 39.87 35.40 5.71 9.97 2001 122-75 24.72

a — BAUL = | ne - 1781 $538 37.36 31.23 9-48 20.32 1.12 31241 — a

. 1820 1710 41.235 ~—6B0. S4 13.16 2228 12.28 ~—27272 | |

| |1802 36.6219649 15.6032.90 27.105617 14.86 52-82 47.78. 1805 2026 1760 41031 14614 39.20 —a a, - 1812 2223 39.77 17681 35645 0.00 6697 42442 .neOo | 1815 1560 40.96 13.27 35.195 2.53 7295 45.77 © | | | | : 18146 #1997 40.11 11.07 37.291 2.89 Bell 48.82 ~ Oo

1825 2645 29675 54.59 .53 56.03 ooOC . 1829 - 1675 35022 41.9714622 43294 15.64% 322 .91 62.281 ) : 7© 7

|

| So BOBARE oe | , a a L779 /—6297T~. 100.00 0.00 0.000.00 0.00_| |oe | oe ; 1802 580 0.00(0290 100.00 0.009.00 0.00 0.00.

|Oo 1803 = 5580. 02.00 100.C0£9.00 0-00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.90 0.00 ,| 7oe1804 589 0.00 100.-CO = | L805 541 0.90 100.C90 9-00 0-00 0.00 0.00 1808815 5930.00 0.00100.00 100.000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 ||ee| |1811 0.00 0.00 0.00 | | . 1820 468 0200 934-2 23 5213 0200 — o 64 5.77 - .

, a — BUCCND | 7 |

oe |: |17738) 2061 = 472450 439.45 639 1446 «1795«=. 25)4 46.17 9270«112626 39.02 1280 3431 44.1341.29 ©| ,a

, 1796-2166 «48.08 =« 8 55 G4 O02L 0 1024020492) 43437 Oo | oo | 1798 27U5 53486 8.21 34.79 085 2229 37.93 | a| _ oo 1799 2400 47.29 9-04. 49.04 1.33 2029 43.67 1600 47.538 9.21 39.57 1.12 225256.11 43221OO ..| | L802| 1803) 17272062 27.97 15.52 52.58 2.03 12.51 2012 28493 154656 51669 22241.94 145957.57 55.52 — oo 1804 1956 30.01 12.42 53.17 2245 | 1805 2283 58.78 9.02 28.16 2032 1.71 32.19 , OO _

396 PART I[I--TABLE 5 TABLE 5. POPULATION BY RACE (CONTINUED)

YEAR TOTAL WHITE INDI AN PARDO NEGRO SLAVE BLACK

1806 1918 34.36 10.48 50.47 2037 1282 55.16 1807 2141 40.92 8245 44.79 Beal 2-57 50.63 1808 1690 46.75 10.53 35.62 4.02 1810 1468 41.49 12.1% 44.07 0.00 1.70 45.78

3.08 42.72

BURBURATA

1803 695 3.31 1.87 23292 36298 28.92 94.82 1804 754 345 1.46 262692 406%5 27.72 95.09 1805 136 4.35 2°68 23.23 43-07% 28.67 94.97 13806 731 5.276 °©€4 23443 452.07 25.10 93.60

1307 779 304? ©€4 24.52 46.08 25.29 95.89

1818 577075 1.39 05241-11 262652 _ 1819 664 2e11 27.41 28.6140.90 97.1430.68 98.09 . BURERITO

1802 1101 254 1.18 67.276 25216 5. 36 98.27

1803 1118 054 $8 19.50 73.97 5.01 98.48 1804 1121 0.00 2-€8 70.33 21.94 4.55 97.32. | 1807 $90 efi 220 58.599 35.235 5.15 99.09

BURTA .

1809 1148 244 »09 54.88 38.76 52-84 99.48

1779 453 5.96 28.48 58.50 5296 1.10 65.56 1802 785 2eif 13289 75.03 71226 1-66 83.95 1803 731 1.78 9.03 80.57 7266 296 89.19 1804 723 2ef7 11.89 81.60 1.56 2-07 85.34 1805 819 2e352 11.72 83454 1-22 1.10 85.96 1807 840 3.69 11.55 81.55 1.55 1.67 84.76

13809 1372258 2-998.23 10.4587.50 84.301.28 095°43 -8l 89.21 86.57 1310 936 i8il 1035 2e5l 8-12 387.83 oo7 58 89.37 1817 788 5.2834 9.%7 (9257 4#e44 ~38 84.39 1818 14.46 7.89 77618 0.00 .48 32.60 77.66 1819837 S97 5e12 144624 46.34

1.10 80.54 |

CABRIA

1802. 200 0.00 0.00 99.50 0.00 .50 100.00 | 1803 212 1808 0.001770.00 100.00 0.900 0.00 100.00 | 0.U0 0.CO 97274 2226 0.00 100.00

| CABRUTA 1780 219 44.75 92-59 25.94 4.57 14.16 45.66

1806 226 11.250 78.32 9.73 0.00 2°44 10.18 1810 445 10-11 76.218 13.71 0.00 0.00 13.71.

1808 382 2.38 $3.19 3206 226 0.00 3.93

| PART II=-TABLE 5 397 TABLE 5. POPULATION BY RACE (CONTINUED) |

CAGUA |

YEAR TOTAL WHITE INDIAN PARDO NEGRO SLAVE BLACK

1781 5506 43.39 5.38 46651 0.00 4.72 51424 1802 4717 34668 3.03 50.16 3012 9.01 62.29 — 1803 4491 28.55 2.96 58.34 256 9260 68.49 | 1804 4663 30.09 4678 51679 1680 11.54 65.13

1805 4496 28.74 2234 55.60 1296 11.37 68.93 |

«1806 = 4668 «28408 §=—- 2 18S 56004 = 2 2510684 «9013

1809 4581 28.20 3643 55.88 1200 11248 68.37 1811 4296 32.53 27.49 12.36 3.05 55.10 1815 3520 38.78 1.84 1.11 12.52 15.23 69.46 55.11 1816 3436 340.78 14.44 30.88 2288 17.03 50.79

1817 3986 30.73 13.20 37641 3624 15643 56.07 | 1818 3912 30.73 12.68 37.63 30612 15.64 56.39 |

CAICARA DEL ORINUCO |

1802 250 26.00 14.00 50.40 0.00 9.60 60.00 |

CALABOZO : 1780 3448 440.92 3613 34650 4696 16439 55.95 | 1802 4678 314083 3244 .43.14 3672 17.87 64.73

1803 4761 21.93 3.38 42.37 458 17.75 64.69 1804 4739 31669 3629 42.33 4079 17.89 65.01. | 1805 4820 32614 3244 41.654 5223 17.55 64.42 1807 4133 31.09 3.36 43.70 5.06 16.79 65.55

| (1808 3911 27.97 3.09 46.94 5.68 16.31 68.93

, | 1812 2939 32.15 1.67 48.566 1629 16623 66.18

1817 1985 31.28 0.00 50.58 0.00 18.14 68.72 | 1818 1554 36029 0.00 46.59 0.00 17.12 63.71 1822 1427 25.79 0.00 60.83 0.00 13438 74.21 CAMAGUAN

| 1780 739°1801 B80)900 57678) 7644 = 3025 22673 33642 19.89 52.56 20.00 4.00 3.56 27.56 1802 866 21625 47.00 23.67 4016 3493 31-76 1803. 1072 17.35 45.€2 30.09 2.99 3.36 37.03 1804 1088 18.66 45.66 30.06 1665 3268 35.39 .

| 1812. L107 17652 4088 3669 46.0752.42 1817. 113736640 22.78 39.75 24.80 1.645 43.36 5636 CAMATAGUA

1783 2263 23.38 22.05 10.78 36.19 7.60 54.57 1802 2151 19.06 42.77 11.85 10.09 16.23 38.17. , 1803 2128 19.50 42.20 11.70 9.87 16.73 38.30

1804 2305 11697 23651 24647 24.95 15610 64.51 $4805 2111 19.33 42.54 11.80 9.95 16.39 38.13 _

398 PART TI--TABLE 5 TABLE 5. POPULATION BY RACE (CONTINUED)

: YEAR TOTAL WHITE INDIAN PARDO NEGRO SLAVE BLACK

1806 211i 19.35 42.54 11.80 9.95 16.35 38.13 1808 2111 19.35 42.54 11.30 9-95 16239 38.13 1811 1657 12.49 19.92 58.18 0.00 9.41 67259

, CANGA30 |

. 7 17381 1122 8.05 0.00 73.17 0.00 18.18 91.35 17388 1092 5.95 0.CO 72.16 0.00 21-89 94.05 1802 1081 5209 0.00 79.28 0.00 15.63 94.91

, 1803 1041 4efi 0.00 89.12 0.00 15.18 95.29 1804 1063 6240 0.00 78.65 00-00 14.96 93.460 1805 1134 362 0.00 78.13 0.00 18.25 96.38 1806 1220 6289 0.00 75.08 22.05 15.98 93.411 1807 1150 8.61 0.CO0 72.70 2-61 16.06 91.39

1808 1194 8.63 O-CO0 69.77 4044 17.17 91.37

1809 1214 9.47 0.0 68.86 3413 18.53 90.53 1810 1037 6.17 68 73.19 4273 15.24 93.15 1815 339 6.32 0.00 70.32 1.79 21.57% 1317 996 1.03 1.20 66-77 6243 18.57 91.77

93.68 ] |

CAPAYA |

1819 1287 8.2% 22-18 60245 62684 22.230 89.59 1820 1310 8.47 221% 60.231 7218 21-91 89.39

1784 1252 3259 17.17 11.58 10.62 57.03 79.23 1802 1195 2.34 18.1% 22.26 1.67 54.98 78.91 1803 1376 1.96 15.04 10.10 82-58 64.232 82.99 1805 1355 1.77 15.213 4211.81 17-71 53.258 83.10

1306 1442 -69 10.282 13.04 20674 54.72 88.49

1307 1494 1.47 7210 27.54 8243 55.35 91.43 13809 1104 1.90 13.59 7652 12.232 64.67 84.51 1811 1173 2.90 13.38 24.47 8.01 51-24 83.72 i8i2 1135 2.38 25.11 24-41 4.93 43.17 72.51

1si7 903 2.21 8.86 32.00 42.43 52.49 88.93 1818 1013 2047 92€7 27.205 6012 54.269 87.86 1819 1041 1.92 102C9 30.93 6.53 50.53 87.99 1820 1060 2225 9-81 29.72 509% 52226 87.92

CARABALLETA , ,

1802 1190 13.11 18.C/% 19-75 0-00 49.208 68.82 |

1804 1997 13222 17.956 17.250 0.00 51.32 68.82

CARACAS-ALTAGRACIA | 1796 6241 27.98 0.00 47.75 7002 17026 F2e02 1802 5774 30072 © (3 43.278 92.30 15.47 68.55 1803 5957 34.25 072 394645 10.39 15.219 65.03 1304 6418 33.9% 1.31 41.20 9.02 14.54 64.76 1805 6451 29.2438 2.37 41.31 8.09 18.74 68.14

1807 6179 29.92 1.&3 41.96 7-59 18.69 68.25 .

| PART II--TABLE 5 399

a | TABLE 5.2 POPULATION 3Y RACE (CONTINUED) | |

| YEAR TOTAL WHITE TWNDIAN PARDO NEGRO. SLAVE BLACK |

} 1808 6251 29626 1.255 41.388 7-68 19.63 69.219

— 1810 6393 28.69 1.0343.61 41.517230 8.35162649 20.41 70.28 |7 | 1811 5246 32.12 ©4838 67-240 1815 2113 36668 2.€5 37.39 13239 9.89 60.67 Bn | !

18162083 1765 43.85 79 41.93 5278 7265 55235 ,| | | -:1817 41.43 248 40.90 6.96 10.23 58.09 | 1818 2191 43.86 14655 37.24 5.07 12.28 54.59 , |

456453227 3-1741.254 35.665232 46.40 11.33 51.38 | Oo —1819 18202207 1955 35.291 13-86 60.82 |

CAKACAS=CANDELARIA | -

1800 3353 29.229 ©€4 48.52 5234 16.02 69.88 | | 1802 3538 36.97 24643 38.10 7.97 14253 60260 : oe 18031804 33493573 36.73 32432.04 35.26 9267 14.90 59.84 ©| oo 372.59 37.225 9.01 14.11 60.37 , 1805 3543. 34.86 2023 37.76 10664 14.651 62.91 | : | 1806 32700 34276 2284 37.59 9.97 14.84 62.41

. 180381809 39274040 31.332.57 1.862-08 44.6] 7-82 14.41 45.35 6.01 13.5966.384 64.95 | |.

| _1811 1-23 12.94 60.14 oe~, . | 18153339 216138.63 36-4 33 25638.19 37.259-01 12.73 10. 74 60.71 1316 2725 28.07 1.43 41.94 4026 24429 [70250

L817 2670 28.05 2eZ21 41.91 15213 12-70 69.74 , : | a 1818 2577 122.88 181928.21 25141.C€5 27.9650.33 12037253 46.74 9643 70.74. 14.284. 71.00 , | | |

1820 2447 30.94 249 522796 4.41 11.20 68.57. , 1821024510 28231001206 47614 8.45 14.44 70262 , , - CARACAS-CATEDRAL ORIENTE ,

| , 180i 31.75 5204 | 18024605 4692 30.31 $1.601.30 28.79 29.92 62.05 33.25 68.0931-99 66.95 . |

4488 31.73 1.05 27.37 5255 33-80 67.222 | | oe 1804 1803 4541 29616 1210 30.745-11 4.93 34.07 69.74 | 1805 4874 31.72 1.29 29.93 31-95 66.99 , 1807 4487 321.74 1.09 29.57 5226 32243 67426 : |

i809 4795 32.12 1.13 31.28 5.38 30.09 66.76

18il32.99 45981.15 30.208 4.20 © 31.14 - 1815 2358 36.01 ~/8 2-8833.380 26.9% 65.86 ] | 69.14 7 , |

| , 1816 2483 35640 8430 22.88 1817 288528.76 35.804267 1.59 30.40 6.10 28.11 64.6166.57 , 1818 2756 321.46 32-05 31.57 7.00 26292 65249 |

1819 3300 33.12 1.221 34.18 3055 27694 65.67 | | | | CARACAS-CATEDRAL PONIENTE : ee

«1802 33.705035 4.3229.29 29261 67.63 18033475 3831 29.81 29226 2-56 1.91 34.19 68.83 | a | a;

. 1805 3791 32.2179 32-5930241 29.252 6049 27.62 63.52 1807 3893 30013 3037 7094 282.15 66250 , . 1808 $3881 30.20 2-81 31.69 62-57 238.73 66.99 |

- 1819 3970 29.250 , 3.C7 ~—32449 be2l 23. 56 67.243 a

400 PART LI--TABLE 5 TABLE 5. POPULATION BY RACE (CONTINUED)

YEAR TOTAL WHITe INDIAN PARDCG NEGRO SLAVE BLACK

1811 3898 30.04 26€2 32640 6667 28.27 67.34 | 1815 2361 38.37 3673 32615 5480 19.95 57.90 1816 3139 34260 1208 24.18 17614 23.00 64.432 1817 3157 36614 1281 34659 7.29 20.18 62.05 1818 3226 39643 12608 27.90 52636 26422 59449 1819 3188 39.37 1.632 28.36 6230 24.65 59.32 1822 2652 38624 33482 1658 5662 20.74 27.94 CARACAS-CURATO CASTRENSE

1303 G61 79.92 242 6014 1204 12.49 19.267

1804 1092 80.04 218 8 5.22 -46 14.10 19.78 1805 3245 1259 64.35 82.53 15 il 5454 1307 28.38»32 26210.80 6250 16.76 35.50 1809 2033 70.14 244 19.72 259 9.10 29.41

1810 1084 87.82 -14 1.38 46 9.59 11.44 | 1811 1215 72.26 2-49-9088 20 8B 14049 27224 CARACAS-SAN PABLO

1799 5824 34.77 -70 41614 4.98 18241 64.53 180L 5947 33.08 ell 41.37 451 19.94 65.81 1802 6287 30.30 1256 39.65 6697 21.52 68.14 | 1803 5919 38259 1.23 38.210 1-71 20.238 60.18 1804 5728 37.57 14615 39.44 2.81 19.03 61.28 1805 6613 36.78 1659 32.31 17603 11.79 61464 1806 6107 34.88 14275 33663 17619 12.54 63.37 1807 6420 33018 1667 35.12 16.88 13.15 65.16 1808 5843 35.08 14620 40.46 11.21 12.05 63.72 1809 4772 27662 6404 21.654 21.94 22.86 66.35

1810 5991 25.37 2622 30693 17628 24420 72.41 | 1811 5330 25.33 448 36.21 15.01 18697 70.19 1815 6861 21254 4621 32.79 7258 33487 74425 1816 6217 33.26 239 39-87 6.90 19.58 66.35 , 1817 6869 35.10 235 39.32 6226 18.97 64.55

, 1818 8215 37442 0&4 32048 16652 13.05 62.05 1820 7574 41648 1252 35.36 4.90 16.74 57.00 CARACAS-SANTA ROSALIA

1795 4676 38.34 0.00 46.92 0.00 14.73 61466 1796 5069 32.65 0.00 52.95 0.00 14.40 67.35 1798 4692 35.85 0.00 48.79 0200 15.37 64.15

1799 4622 34.44 0.00 50.30 0.00 15.25 65.56 ,

«1802 5082 33612 1652 44635 5200 16.02 65.37 1803 5165 31.19 1.80 43.85 5.17 17.99 67.01 1804 5140 30.86 1479 45206 438 17.92 67.35 1805 5029 34.12 1-77 40625 4655 19631 64.11 , 1806 5451 34.62 2027 43.70 6609 13.32 63.11 1807 5388 32.37 2249 40.85 6.09 18.21 65.14 1808 5440 31627 2.32 40.96 6243 19.03 66442 1809 5467 34.11 3653 38247 7439 16.10 61.95 1810 5448 32040 2685 42636 6433 16.06 64.76

PART LI--TABLE 5 401 TABLE 5.2. POPULATION BY RACE (CONTINUED) ©

| . YEAR TOTAL WHITE INDIAN PARDO NEGRO SLAVE BLACK : L811 6470 26269 2-16 43.86 5.83 16.46 71.14 1815 3340 36.86 1.35 39.46 5-75 16259 61.80 | 1816 3703 36532 251 39.37 5246 18.34 63417 1817 3556 3745% 020 40.47 8.91 12.88 62.26 1818 4056 35.58 °42 40.93 11222 11.86 64.00 1819 4005 39.75 © 067 27279 19265 12.13 59.58 1820 4089 46.63 213 356%6 71256 9-56 52.58 1822 4295 40.216 ©61 42.82 5-10 11.32 59.23 CARAMACATE

1779 181 10.50 73.48 16.02 0.00 0.00 16.02 L799 372 33-60 21-77 40.05 2009 1.88 44662 1801 421 23.99 17210 52.26 6241 °24 58.91 1802 568 162.20 11.09 70.95 0.00 1.76 72.71 1803 642 22243 15242 60.44 047 1.25 62.15

1804 512 17.19 13.€7 0.00 67.7736 0200 1.17 68.95 | 1805 550 18.55 14.55 684.55 66.291 | 1806 532 18.61 13.2156 67.29 38 »56 68.23 1809 620 13206 26245 59.19 097 ©32 60448 1811 526 10.27 19.6 69.77 0.00 0.909 69.77 1812 479 i2eli 19.42 68.48 0.200 0-00 68.48 1817 316 12.903 13229 74.58 0.00 0.00 74.68 1818 292 10.968 19.52 69.52 0.00 0-00 69.52

1819 327 #+%«13-76 17.43 68.81 0.00 0.00 68.81

1822 252 ilell 11-90 76.59 240 0.00 76.98 . 1823 209 G$e57 10253 719243 0.200 48 79.90 1828 221 13.257 9.55 75.11 045 °90 76.47

1829 20-96 70.22 0371.04 0-00235 70.59 | 1831 2t2 2898246 12680 23.53 62.28 63.67 |

1832 287 12.20 23-69 62.02 1.74 035 64.11 1833 279 8224 22454 64.52 4.30 0.00 68.82 1834 302 9.93 21.219 60.93 7295 0.00 68.87 1835 355 10.99 23.65 565.34 9.01 0.00 65.35 1836 380 10.79 25.00 54.274 9247 0-00 64.21 1837 405 10.86 25.68 54.907 9.38 0-00 63.446

| 1838 439 10.02 29.84 50.30 9-34 0.00 60.14 CARAYACA

1802 783 26.282 2017 #$%17.37 #=%2d7.37 #=+%36.27 71.01

1804 659 16.31 9685 18.62 16462 38.62 73.85 1805 674 18.99 4030 30.42 10.83 35.46 76.71 1807 674 18.9% 42.30 30.42 10.83 35.46 76.71 i808 674 18.99 42.30 30.42 10.83 35.46 76.71 1809 $74 18.99 4.30 30.42 10.83 35646 76.71 © 1810 674 18.99 4.30 30.42 10.83 35.46 76.71 181i 673 19.47 4e.31 23.292 8.232 43.98 176.223

1817 911 27.00 ell 36.66 11-42 24.81 72.89 1818 1040 36.92 87 36.15 4-81 21.25 62.21 1819 87¥f2 32.91 1.26 32.91 4.70 28.221 65.83 } 1820 951 32.91 1.47 31.76 5268 28.18 65.62

402 PART LI--TABLE 5 .

TABLE 5. POPULATION BY RACE (CONTINUED) |

YEAR TOTAL WHITE INDIAN PARDO NEGRO SLAVE BLACK ©

1833 1692 20.51 5.26 28.66 14.48 31209 74.23 CARGRA

1802 4359 8.97 ~78 71.52 72051 11.22 90.24 1803 5318 8.39 219 «72.79 7e31 10.72 90.82 1804 5584 8.86 ~88 74.14 6250 9262 90.26 1809 6132 9.05 1.01 74.72 7224 7.97 89.94 1815 5595 6.79 220 83.56 2014 7231 93.01

CARUAG |

1811 543 237 0.00 19.71 1-29 78.64 99.63 1815 562 0.00 71 1.78 60.23 91.28 99.29 CASIGUA

1780 2555 29.32 1292 34629 1417 20.31 68.77

CATA , 1803 518 1.54 0.CO0 00.00 39200 59.46 98.46 1805 547 2.19 0.CO 10.60 28.3% 58.87 97.281

1804 523 1.91 0.00 0.00 40.15 57.293 98.09 CAUCAGUA

| 1804 1839

1784 2422 5.82 5.53 12.63 6019 69282 88.465 1803 1800 4.06 6e11l 11233 10233 68.17 89.83 4.13 6.25 11-47 10.82 67.32 89.61 1805 1842 3269 5.7 12.27 11-18 66.88 90.34 1806 1850 3.68 5.89 12.54 10.92 66.97 90.43 1807 1797 4.23 6.62 10.29 12.08 66.78 89.15

1808 1561 4.87 6.28 9.16 7243 72.26 88.85 1309 1635 3.98 9.17 8231 7246 70.58 86.85 i8li 1440 6239 5.57 21.74 2036 63-54 87.64

1812 1674 9.7% 8.96 21.33 5255 54242 81.30

| 1819 1512

18161357 1505 5.453283 15.02 5255 1817 5.336.71 5.82 16.88 68.09 88.8067218 1818 1305 4.83 8.43 17.24 2015 67236 86.74 5.89 8.20 20.57 3064 61.71 85.91 1820 1595 7.52 8.21 21.00 4.08 59.18 84.26 CERRITO

1779 3344 25.87 9-60 60.94 15 3244 64.53

CHABASQUEN , 1802 2089 6075 81-04 10.87 38 9% 12.21

1803 2103 6661 80.74 11.22 229 1-14 12.65 1804 2131 6062 80.34 11.50 38 1.17 13.05

87.84

| , - PART TI--TABLE 5 403 TABLE 5- POPULATION BY RACE (CONTINUED) | Oo | | YEAR TOTAL WHITE INDIAN PARDG NEGRO SLAVE BLACK

1805 214179.8 £7415 80.38 10.65 51 1.31 12.47 | | 1806. 2154 7238 10.96 256 1.25 12.77, , 1808 2114 6.05 82.12 190.93 266 724 11.83 i |

2083 1.15 85274 12.15 43 °53 15-11 |, ;a1809 1812 L272 3277 69. &l1 24-37 1.34 26442 1815 1289 3265 682458 25445 1.24oil 1.09 27.77, ,| 1816 1398 5.79 65.52 23.68 3.86 1.14 28.68 ©

1817 1405 5.34 65.77 24.241 3277 ofl 28.90 | , 1818811 1405 5234 65.77 24041 37727.25 ofl 28.90 1319 4eo81l 674694 22.93 2-96 1.36 |

7)

! L820 1332 14.19 66.59 13.17 «30 275 19.22 © , 1829 1647 12620 49212 27232 11.17 ~18 38.68 |

oo — CHACAD

1802 20325 29.209 2641 17-59 16.61 34.230 68.50 || 1803 21031804 29.48 2019 22.44 13.22 32-67 68.33 | 2155 29.88 2.00 29.60 13.232 34.20 68.12 ,

1805 2948 29425 1.22 23.68 13.13 32.71 69.53 : 1808 2014 31.32 e 20 13.70 262%2 27.81 67.92 oO 181i 2091 24044 1.24 20235. 13.96 39.50 14.32 1815 2006 21.206 1.35 21.73 13.96 31.90 67.60

1818 2238 40.53 299 33.25 4.090 16.53 59.38 , | | — L81ls 2085 37.260 0.00 33.27 5.90 18.23 62.490 | CHAGUARAMAL

1783 — 1607 28.06 7-390 43.212 4.36 16.55 64.03 .

1804 1903 29.95 626% 57238 1.31 4.68 63.37

| 1805 1985 13654 4.638 414-696 7625 27.86 77.08 —

7 CHAGUARAMAS , : | | 1783 2302 33.388 4.00 21.24 16.33 24.54 62.12. , 1802 2365 24095 5. 883 44.86 32-68 23464 72.18 . 1803 2419 22.36 32.89 438.216 0.00 25.59 73.75

| 1804 2439 23-41. 4.26 43.46 0.00 23.86 72.32 1805 2471 17.95 9.55 43.99 6027 2e226 12452

1808 2818 22.43 5286 44.285 8.20 18.67 71.72 | 1810 2852. 22.41 To 71 46.270 4.10 19.07 69.88 |

: | | — CHARALLAVE ,

| ~—=17831802 81813853 15.28 55.€2 23.96 2.93 2220 29.10 | 37.78 42.42 11.06 5.13 3.262 19.81

. 1803 18141804 34.90 42.39 11.14 8.54 3203 22/1 1454 44.254 20. &8 11.14 10.04 2.30 24248 1805 1625 42.71 30.83 15.63 5.53 6.95 3.88 | | 1806 1482 42.51 29.55 13.22 4.1826.46 27.94 1807 1538 40.05 34.14 15.99 4.88 4.94 25.81 : 1808 1630 49.69 2226&2 13.83 3299 4.266 27.2448

|

1810 1944 44.29 30.220 138.36 2226 42.89 25.51 |

) 13811 2143 45.12 252 94 20-72 3.36 4.85 28.93

404 PART IY--TABLE 5 TABLE 5. PGPULATIJN BY RACE (CONTINUED) | YEAR TOTAL wWHITé INDIAN PARDO NEGRO SLAVE BLACK

1815 1840 43.70 30.82 15.92 5222 4235 25.449 1816 2083 43.16 30.72 19.88 2074 3250 26.12

, 1817 2070 39.52 32.32 21.74 2.90 3-53 28.16 CHIVACOA

: 1782 2029 3e.0L 52.05 40.12 4224 59 44.95 1802 1079 2.97 51299 39.76 2022 3.06 45.04

| 1809 1585

18903 1318 3.57 48.41 2043 43.70 1.90 48.03 1804 1300 5046 846254 39.92 4.54 3.54 48.00 1805 1371 4e453 53.61 35.23 4.30 2248 42.01 1807 1408 5.11 52.58 34.38 3.91 3.62 41.90 1808 1631 5.33 47.70 39.36 4235 3.25 46-97 5017 42.65 42.252 6.56 3.09 52.18 1810 1760 4.15 51242 35.91 6208 2044 44.43 1811 1688 4.62 43.950 38.33 10.60 2-55 51.48 1812 1694 4e31 43.15 49.44 9.74 2236 52.54 1815 1929 4.46 40.44 48.57 4.72 1.81 55.11 1816 1914 5045 41.48 37.88 13.64 1.57 53.08 1817 1871 5.13 44.68 44.84 4.28 1.07 50.19 1818 1864 9.07 39.75 41.04 8296 1.18 51.18 1819 1808 8.74 40-64 40.76 9.24 1.22 51.22

| CHURGNI , 1809 1551

1802 1546 10.6i 1.10 65.20 2226 20283 88.29 1803 1542 9.27 1.10 65243 2233 21.85 89.62 1804 1519 9.61 1.12 71.17 2-70 i5440 89.27 13805 1451 10.20 ©9390 65447 1.38 22.05 88.90 1808 1539 10.98 1-C4 64.72 1.62 21.64 87.98 11.35 1.29 62.67 2032 22.37 817-436 1819 851 7240 0.00 71.21 0.00 21.239 92.60

CHUAG | 1802 325 31 0.00 4.62 0.00 95.08 99.69 ;

1803 329 0.00 0.60 3234 30 96.35 100.00 1804 348 257 0.00 2.30 29 96684 99.43 1805 356 238 0.00 5.62 28 93.82 99.72 1819 384 2.3% 0.00 4.95 °52 92.19 97.266 COCORQTE

1781 2112 11.03 49.76 23.44 9.19 6258 39.220 1782 2071 11.25 50.75 23.90 8.69 5241 38.00 1738 1861 10.53 39.44 29.92 13.81 7220 50.03 1791 1781 12.80 34.87 33.91 12.86 52-56 52.33 1794 2007 14.00 33.C8 35.43 12.41 5.08 52.91 1802 2029 19.42 20.11 53.93 2022 5.22 60.47 1803 2132 17.07 20.78 54.13 3.14 4.88 62.15 1804 2027 12.38 27.038 38.14 16.63 5.77 60.53 1805 2038 10.16 32.73 38.03 13.25 5284 57.11

i807 2118 9.92 28.85 39.30 16.67 4.77 61.24

| PART II--TABLE 5 405 TABLE 5.2 POPULATION BY RACE (CONTINUED)

YEAR TOTAL WHITE INDIAN PARDO NEGRO SLAVE BLACK

1808 2036 11.89 30.35 32.42 20.48 4.86 57.76 i811 2012 11.68 15.66 52.83 17.40 2044 712.266

1812 1738 13.46 30.€3 32.45 20.14 3-91 56.50 |

1817 1641 5e1l2 32236 47.65 14.02 °85 62.52 1818 1642 17.05 29.90 590.00 0.00 3.05 53.05 1820 1641 5212 32.36 47.65 14.202 °85 62.52 1821 1892 13.37 28.49 57.51 0.90 263 58.14 COJEDES

1779 1311 19.51 59.95 19.98 0.00 215 20.14

1799 1737 35.55 27440 24.99 2299 9e27 37.25 1801 1664 38.04 28.00 26.50 3225 4e21 33.95

1802 1928 26.04 26.35 38.43 °62 8.56 47.61 1803 4780 29.89 27.15 34249 ell 7275 42.36

| 1804 1779 «827.99 28.11 35.53 ell 8.26 43.90 1805 1815 29.31 27.44 34.60 228 8237 43.425

1806 1922 26.27% 29.60 36.165 eld 72856 44.12 : 1807 . 1897 26.57 29.26 35.06 e2l 8.91 44.18

1809 1924 24.17 30.55 36.02 047 8.78 45.227 1811 1471 14.48 42.96 33.04 0.00 9-52 42.56 1812 1512 15.9% 41.14 33.00 0.00 9.92 42.92

| 1816 1546 15.33 40.94 33.57 0.00 10.216 43.73 | 1817 1529 15.43 41.01 33.42 0.00 10.14 43.56 1818 1555 154.11 40.64% 34.92 0.00 10.23 %4.24 : 1819 1513 14.28 39.5 33.44 1.78 10.64 45.87 1820 1466 16.10 33.56 39.63 3.75 6-96 50.34 1822 1289 14.20 31.265 45.46 2295 50 14 654615

1823 1136 13.64 30.90 49.21 3217 3.08 55.246 1829 1174 14.99 28.02 49.74 3207 4.17 55.98

1831 1178 13.50 30.13 48.56 : 1833 1144 13.81 30.59 50.52 2027 2-803.206 55.594015 _ 55.77 | 1836 1240 14.384 30.16 49.03 3.63 2034 55.00

1337 1260 14.84 29.60 48.97 4029 2230 55.56 1838 1251 15.03 30.€6 48.52 4.08 2232 54.292 CUA

1783 =1531 6260) 2248 13.65 90647 67.80 90.92 1803 255512.298 8.2354 72-83 9-39 54.48 1805 2273 62.42 17.0719-96 10.95 52257 80.60 | 83.84 |

1810 3084 12.19 9.40 21.53 9-1ll 47.76 78.40 | 1812 3181 16.285 3233 209.06 62.29 54.04 80.38 |

| 1816 2972 11.07 T24f 30259 6663 44.25 81.46 1818 3290 16.53 3.68 21.28 52-93 52.58 79.79

1820 3007 $264 13.80 17.06 8.85 50.55 75.55 1821 3186 1278 2-61 27.81 2-29 59.51 89.61

406 PART [I--TABLE 5 TABLE 5-2 PUPULATION 8Y RACE (CONTINUED)

YEAR TOTAL WHITE INDIAN PARDO NEGRO SLAVE BLACK : CUBIAD

1802. 148 1.61 89.68 4229 1.07 3-35 8.71 1803 196 1.33 92.i1 - 88 1.01 4202 5290 1804 149 1.34 89.19 5-34 o27 3.287 9.248 1805 897 ~22 88.C7 6202 2245 3223 11.71 1806 858 235 8=6—86. 8&3 6.53 1.36 4243 12.82

1808 849 235 86.57 6260 2-90 4.48 13.07 1309 869 235 87. 34 5298 1.96 4.37 12.31 1810 876 23% 86.99 6239 1.94 42.34 12.267 1815 720 42 85.56 8219 2250 3233 14.03 1816 375 °34 89.54 6229 259 2214 9.71 1817 889 23% 88.86 6275 1.35 2ef0 10.80 1818 804 1.24 84.45 11.59 1.37 1.24 14.30 1819 7197 1.13 84.44 11.79 1.38 1.25 14.43 18290 770 1.56 83.25 12.21 1.69 1.30 15.19

CUNAVICHE

1780 393 025 99. 24 225 225 0.00 251 CUPIRA

| 1784 858 252/76 5.36 28.90 16.32 23.66 68.88 13802 582 22234 4.30 31.96 27.84 13.257 13.37

1803 573 20/7 4254 34.21 26.00 14.49 174.69 1804 547 19.56 4.57 36.93 25.05 13.89 175.87 | 1805 512 19.34 4210 26256 33.98 16.02 76.56 1807 505 13.47 6214 29.90 34.465 16.04 80.40 | 1808 496 12.90 5024 40.73 25-00 16213 81.85 1809 485 11.96 5.57 38.76 27.42 16.29 82.47 L8iil 576 13254 21.70 25.69 26.91 12.15 64.76 CURARIGUA

1802 1310 7286 1.98 10.84 44.05 35.27 90.15 1803 S74 15.09 22-26 22-638 55.285 4.41 82.65

1804 866 15.70 5-20 31229 43.230 4.50 79.10

1805 1079 17.15 3215 16.87 58.76 4.08 79.70 1806 873 15.92 7245 20.85 51.43 4235 16.63 1807 872 17.255 6288 21.67 51.72 2-18 75.57 1808 917 18.97 7263 22.25 49218 1.96 73.39 1810 1049 17.25 5.24 21.26 45.28 10.96 77.50 1816 1291 9245 0-00 84.35 3.33 2-87 90.55 1817 1297 11.78 8.256 0.CO 0.00 78.37 1818 1053 75.219-56 9.97 3-01 3.04 91.44 88.22 1819 1245 14.70 5262 65206 12-77 1.85 79.68 : 1820 1287 14.14 3.56 65239 13444 2-56 81.90

- |TABLE PART 1I=-TABLE 5 407 56 PUPULATICON BY RACE (CONTINUED) :

a , CURIEPE |

: YEAR TOTAL WHITc INDIAN PARDG NEGRO SLAVE BLACK | |

1803 1920 3275 2e71l 23644 32245 32266 93254 | | 1804 1363 3.27 20.50$j14647 36288 364250 93.8835.25 95.59 , a 180522&4 2040 2094 22e11 38.24

| 1806 2138 2267 1.96 30282 32260 31-95 95.37 OS 1807 2129 2-30 3424 27238 35.32 31.75 94.246 = ©1808 2172 20-20 3436 27.39 35.250 31.49 94.38 ,

1811 2220 3.28 4037 29210 32.97 30.18 92.25 : 1812 2320 36660 5204 29444 32.97 28.88 91.29

) | 1816 1618 3228 68 29.17 30.10 36.77 96.04 | 7 18181819 16541759 3.993254 22001.88 39.36 272.03 27.63 94.01 : || 39257 27.29 27.63 94.49 1820 1895 3.27 2037 38668 284644 27223 94.35 -

| | . CUYAGUA | 1802 471 3249 8.228 23235 17.20 47.77 88.32 |, 1803 456 1.97 2-19 19.98 29.82 46.93 95.83 | 1804 452 1.55 2e21 23-89 252.22 47212 96.24

1805. 493 3025 1.&€3 20.89 20.28 53.75 94.93 || || |1808 453 262116.50 15257 30.24 93.82 :| 13809 497 3097 2021 1.41 25.35 54.5347.909 96.38 — | , DIVINA PASTORA DEL JOBAL

. L781 2036 17.04 39.24 35.12 3.73 4.86 43.71

| | ~=1798 2876 15.61 37.07 3206 59.232 | OO : 1799-2876) 25425.07 «613235 «837220 20.7219.19 3.2.30 61.23 189012702 260725.94 21.21 17.76 58.11 2503.89 224255.51 61.03. 1802 18.54 33.75 12.38 ,|a 1804 2369 29.84 162.55 46.52 3255 32.55 53.61 1805 2586 29.89 11.55 41.93 13.53 3.60 58.16

, 18061807 26802307 31.90 14.66 59.94 015 3225 53.243 : 33.233 11-88 49.98 0D2 4.25 54.79 | : 1808 2470 31254 12.02 52.87 e409 3e1l6 56044 ae 1309 2586 29289 11.55 41.03 13.53 3-60 58.16 | 18il 2376 20.08 47.43 £0.00 } 1815 242029.42 12.40 24.2590 52.64 8.68 1.783207 63.10 50.51 | 1816 2486 12.95 24.26 51.53 9e41 1.285 62,79

1817 2555 11.94 22.82 55.58 8.02 1.64 65.24 | 1818 22538 15.99 26.00 43.89 11.29 2-83 58.02 : | 1820 2983 22.63 10243 65.07 214 1.14 66.95 , | 1822 27231824 23.06 21.223 52.81 °15 205 55.71 1979 13.39 13.04 71.05 245 22-07 73.57

408 PART IT--TABLE 5 TABLE 5. PUPULATION BY RACE (CONTINUED)

YEAR TOTAL WHITE INDIAN PARDG NEGRO SLAVE BLACK

1830 1735 12.51 5-30 80.17 2202 02-00 82.19 1832 1735 12.51 5-30 80.17 2202 0-00 82.19

14333 1612 14.21 6.39 73.64 5233 043 819440 1334 1620 14.14 6.36 730627 5231 293 «79.51

DUECA |

1779 551 17.79 565.299 20.251 1.81 2290 25.23 1802 488 22.75 47.213 26.64 2287 »61 30.12 1803 429 3.26 «6522.91 «842219 0.00 1.63 43.282

1804 555 429 24.36 3426 52491 42.19 0290 0.200~72 1.6334.223 43.82 1805 40.50 33.51

1807 617 23.95 46.84 19.77 8.75 °55 29.17 188 580 20.69 58.€2 19.83 252 °34 20.69

1809 604 17.72 56445 25.200 256 elf 25.83 1810 616 19.32 54.87 24.451 055 °65 25.81 1811 692 15.90 68.50 15.51 0290 02.00 15.61 1815 487 5010 «6364276 59.255 0.00 0-00 59.55 1816 541 32-335 33.09 63.59 0.00 0.00 63.59 1318 977 28.15 30.09 40.092 1-74 0.00 41.76 EL CALVARIO

| 1804 1342

1783 653 34200 8258 10226 6.838 38-28 57.2%3 1802 i262 33.04 4044 22.50 13.00 27.202 62.52 1803 1264 33.23 4-11 22.86 12.218 27.61 62.266 34.05 6212 21.39 12215 26.30 59.84 1805 1410 33.19 6e€7T 20.57 12234 27.223 60.14 i808 1451 54.11 62.13 20.33 10.89 23.53 59.75 1812 1852 30-94 62€4 24.08 14.15 24.19 62.42 EL CONSEJO

1781 2115 28.51 0.00 26.86 0.90 44.63 71.49 1795 2503 13.78 1.56 40.27 2048 41.91 84.66 1796 2387 1f.7f2 38 36215 e771 45.04 81.90 1802 2820 15.282 1.52 31.21 2027 49.18 82.66 13803 2925 15.266 1.4f 33423 2022 47242 82.87

i805 3007 16.66 1.96 30.56 2-93 47.89 81.38 1806 2917 15.2384 1.75 30282 32.33 48.27 82.41

: 13809

1807 2908 15.96 22-10 30.88 2-82 48.25 81.95 1808 2938 16.00 2-28 30.77 32-00 47.96 81.72 2698 70 31.73 1.48 83.65 1811 15.64 2740 16.209 66 31.35 1.9050.44 50.00 83.225 1817 3117 17.81 8.25 37.99 0.00 35.96 73.95 1818 3245 19.54 8.60 37.01 0.00 34.85 71.86 1833 2603 21.59 8.87% 33.96 0.00 35.57 69.54 EL GUAPO

1784 482 29.67 14.65% 18.226 8.92 28422 55439. 1802 1232 12.26 62.62 13.88 23.05 43.99 80.93

| PART TI--TABLE 5 409 | TABLE 5.2 POPULATION BY RACE (CONTINUED) YEAR TOTAL WHITE INDIAN PARDO NEGRO SLAVE BLACK

1803 1438 15.16 8.28 23.50 12-93 40213 176256

a 1804 1464 14.89 8.13 23.09 14.48 39.41 76.98 1805 1531 14.50 Teti 24262 192640 36-77 77279 1807 1595 15.61 Te 7? 22.32 22426 32.04 76.61

1808 1577 14.84 7286 22238 22651 32-40 77-430 , 1809 1577 14.84 7086 222638 22651 32240 77.2390

i811 1654 14.45 6.59 29.07 17.35 41.5% 78.96 1812 1545 11.84 8.09 21.68 21-10 37228 80.06 1820 1325 17.81 12-91 35.47 5258 28.23 69-428

| cL HATILLO

1802 1070 55.05 52-33 15.564 72-66 15.33 39.63 1803 1070 55.05 5.233 16.54 7266 15233 39263 1804 1183 51.31 5.92 17.92 72-86 162.99 42.77 1805 1347 48.78 6.C9 18.86 9.06 1806 1524 50.33 52.12 12.34 11-22 21-00 44.55 1808 1645 52.71 4.74 12.04 10.94 19.57 42.55 1815 1727 0 =6444.18 0-00 25.25 0.00 30.57 55.82

17.22 45.14

1818 1413 36.52 0.00 35.00 0.00 27.288 63.48 : EL PAG

1781 3327 13.83 1-62 71.54 3.79 9223 84.55 1791 4151 11.5% 5.78 672.79 11.206 3283 82.68 | 1792 4006 12.03 11-71 54.64 16.13 5249 «6076226 1794 4446 11.709 7.60 52.38 23.01 5231 80.70 1796 4575 11.52 11.50 50.10 20.74 6.14 76.98 1798 43894 12.65 10.75 43.42 26.85 6.33 6.60 1801 4715 15.78 42.69 64.39 9223 52.92 719.53 1802 4548 9.87 2255 63.55 10256 7-87 87.18 18035564 5105 2223 8.21 1804 15.6017.47 1219 71.30 604265.297 5250 83.21

6211 80.29 |

1805 5333 14.88 1.13 72.18 6246 5235 83.99 : | 1808 5886 14.200 1.55 72.02 7276 4.267 84.45 1809 5820 10.76 7297 71.250 5.231 4.36 81.27 18il 6291 13.242 322.26 65287 10.40 7.06 83.33 1812 5428 14.31 327% 65.220 10.17 6.58 81.95

1815 6508 15.93 21> 80229 1.34 1.65 83.31 1816 6631 16.59 -86 79.216 1.64 1.75 82.55 1817 6297 19.69 °48 72.46 2-21 5.216 1818 5782 15.51 2252 73.00 3-70 4.85 81.56 1821 5671 15.92 1-01 74.208 4.25 4.74 83.07 1823 7705 14.11 78 $$j(OT7.77 3.79 2.55 85.11 1824 7910 13.240 10 78.87 3.01 4.02 85.90 1825 6168 14.85 ~99 76.17 5024 2076 84.16 1826 6326 16.506 1.00 114.44 5e12 2278 82434 | 1827 6195 13.59 ~S4 68.51 9279 72.26 85.47 1829 7867 1.73 ~89 92.77 3227 &1435 97.38 1835 8421 4.14 92-00 92.23 1.7/2 1.90 95.86 1836 8739 4254 0.00 91.44 2204 1.98 95.446

| i837 9205 4.255 0.00 91.75 1.78 1.91 95245

79.83

410 PART II--TABLE 5 TABLE 5.2 PUPULATION 8Y RACE (CONTINUED)

YEAR TOTAL WHITeé INDIAN PARDO NEGRO SLAVE BLACK |

1838 9386 4.77 0-00 91.86 1.53 1.83 95.23 ti RASTRO

1807 1029 48.20 1.65 32.56 2082 14.77 50.215 1810 1395 44.23 22-65 38.78 3237 10.97 53.12 1811 1463 45.22 22132 36-43 4e72 10280 51.95

1812 1246 54.57 1.20 28.33 9-00 15.89 44.22 1817 1104 43.03 1.99 37.14 2e72 15213 54.98 | 13822 1016 42.42 12.250 362)2 2026 6079 45.08 cL SOMBRERO

1781 2046 27422 224 66232 68 5043) 612443 1783 2179 27.58 e S2 214 63.265 7271 #71250 1802 3091 25.95 3269 50.99 11.36 8.02 70.37 1803 3260 24.9% 3.221 51.37 11.78 8.10 71.75 1804 3502 25047 3-€6 51.48 10.99 8240 1805 3557 26234 2228 52.257 10.23 8.57 71.38 i810 474) 23223 3-71 53204 12.55 7247 873406

70.87 a

1811 4740 23.23 3.71 532904 12255 7247 = =73206

cL TGCUYO |

1802 9173 17.255 4224 51.11 10.36 16.7% 78.23 1804 $469 14.18 2014 53445 14.81 15242 83.67 1806 9226 lf.o7 4645 51.251 9.79 16.58 177.88 1807 9527 14.13 2.C% 54.09 14.88 14.83 83.80 1808 95332 14.i7 2-16 53.72 14.293 15.02 83.67 1809 9637 14.33 2015 536.99 14679 14.75 83.52

1810 9613 13.59 2.00 54.38 14.82 15.21 84.42 1812 9673 14.32 2el7 54.13 14.73 14.64 83.51

1815 9424 15.11 1.27 66.97 4.26 12.235 83-462

. 13816 9736 15226 1234 65.235 4.85 12.71 i8i7 9492 16.138 1.89 63.08 5242 13.4383.240 81.93 1818 9331 14.16 2207 54.44 14.655 14.58 83.77 1819 1091959 14.13 1.C&5 73.20 -26 11-35 84.81 1820 10049 16.538 ©51 72.202 °73 10.217 82.91 EL VALLE

: 1798 1016 22.83 32268 17.62 9255 17.32 %4.49 1802 1232 32.14 20.21 15.91 11.20 20.54 47.65

1803 1297 31.92 20.59 152.73 11.10 20.66 47.49 | 13804 1416 32.27 19.92 15.61 11.44 20.76 47.81 1805 1528 30.96 19.50 14.99 13.55 21.01 49.254 1809 1582 31.16 19.47 14.73 14.16 20-48 49.37 1815 1615 40.31 11.27 20.74 9.10 18.58 1816 1795 39.61 10.75 20.39 9.69 19.55 49.64 1817 2203 36.95 14.66 20.88 8.67 18.84 48.39

48.42 |

,| , ,PART LI--TABLE 5 411 TABLE 5. POPULATION BY RACE (CONTINUED) , YEAR TOTAL WHITE INDIAN PARDG NEGRO SLAVE BLACK © , ,

a, 1819 1818 1636 24.21 7209 8.01 14.73 1651 41.99 40.4011.06 8.96 25.56 17.9946.94 50.64| ,

| 7 ESPING _

1820 1832 37.959 9666 25.38 8657 18640 52.35

: | GUACARA , ,

1804 588 17635 26C4 57682 22655 20.24 80.61 -

1807 1019 20.51 19.14 42.69 -88 16.78 60.35

1781 1lel7 1802«3080 458830.00 28.4218247 21.3829290 42.68 -3520045 721751.53 50.20 ,

, 1803. 6296 Oe5015 180428.91 5391 20.70 27.92 42.91 18.38 -52 45.54 28350.39 7233 ,53.70 !

, 1805 47281808 29.63 20.37 40.63 -80509.03 8.57 50.00 4925 27.92 13.60 -93 387651 58.48 , , 1816 5059 25.30 14.35 54.20 057) 3=6. 50 57) 60435 ,

, GUADARRAMA a |

OO _ GUAIGUAZA | | | | 1820 1327) 027658 «9640 3715652 51639 14613 68.05

1803-734. 3095) 14) 33065 «32083 29243 95.91

1806 648 59L 4.94 60626 04600 40.61 17243 35.70 93.74 1807 0.CO 43.36 13412 38.58 95.06 , 1818 452 3.54 0.00 34.29 0.00 62.17 96.46 | , 1819 556 3.6) 02.00 44.42 0.00 51.98 96.40

a GUAMA. , - a

, 178i =. 2257) «16622 «31632 37639 8699 5246 | , 17$4 2786 10031 28.00 45.94% 8.76 6.396.07 61.09 , 1803 3240 5640 23.36 63.27 1.88 6.08 71.23

ne «1804 ,=1805 - 35920 4B) 023664 66.1722633 1209 4.62 32634e5095 24.03 61672 5.98 71.88 70.03

, , 1807 7683 24.26 6.68 4229 67.91 , ' , 18083219 3406 9.22 23222 STell56.94 6678 3667 67.56 «4180S = 3292 Be OB) 23675) «656693 4 8=6986080 0 3 BGs HT 2 (1810 3259 4.97 24.95 59.93 6.54 3.62 70.08 | , 1811 3464 5089 25.72 59.38 6.50 2.51 68.239 SO 1817 = 2994) «106490 21.24 «58045 6031 3251 68227 So 1819 2129 11.37 19240 53.83 11.0% 4637 69223 1820 2573 «9.99 19.94 57.83 8.90 3.34 70.07.

, «BBS 2713) Be GG) 22667 65079 = 10 1 4 )= a 73) 6B HT -

412 PART [TI--TABLE 5

| TABLE 5. PUGPULATICON BY RACE (CONTINUED) YEAR TOTAL WHITE INDIAN PARDG NEGRO SLAVE BLACK GUANARE

1788 8282 45.64 4.81 37242 2252 9.61 49.55 179i 71533 33.25 1.79 50.23 2077 11.91 64.91 1792 8009 43.14 3.48 40.08 2262 10.68 53.38

1802 13410 36.04 52-64 53219 1.13 7.01 58.32 1403 11040 38.953 52€5 44.57 1.78 9-06 55.42 1804 10080 38.26 5284 45.81 1.%6 7.63 55.89 1807 i0803 36.52 52-89 47.55 2235 7.65 57.60 1808 11454 35.59 7272 46.281 2-03 7285 56.70 1809 i1025 39.19 4.52 42.70 1.28 11.91 55.895 1810 7800 38585 10.42 37.204 304% 190.26 50.73 L81l 3757 34.595 8-29 490.62 4.52 11.98 57.12 i817 6790 30.81 505% 54614 feo2l 6291 63.25 GUANARE VIEJC

1782 927 22.33 33.98 42.26 02990 1.40 43.69

1801 1352 33.73 42.2&3 22.41 0200 1.04 23.45 |

| 1802 1339 33.461 43.69 21.66 1.05 1803 1583 32-41 27.800.290 33.72 e51 25722.70 39.80 1804 2220 38250 16235 44.32 0.00 ef2 45.05 1805 1514 39.58 26.2325 33.36 0-90 73 34.08 | 1806 1976 38.35 18.32 42.97 0.00 35 43.32 1807 1709 39.50 24.05 35.37 0.00 259 36445 18il 1594 35.38 21.33 42.50 0.00 269 43.29 1813 1516 32.65 33.€4 32.72 0.00 279 33.251 GUANARITO

1778 962 21.53 27.8 4%8.55 0.00 1.56 50.221 1801 1802 21.75 32.€3 30.19 9.93 5249 45.62 1802 1816 38.66 11.12 42.295 3.236 3-91 50.222 1803 3264 39.61 8.21 33.48 1.75 5.94 52.18 1804 3003 36.93 9.99 48.25 9.00 1805 3058 34.50 9.88 37.90 11.31 6-41 55.262 1897 5159 31.71 10.222 51.35 256 6.16 58.07 1808 4501 41.92 5.&2 47.10 2.95 2220 52226

4574 41.85 52719 47256 2254 2216 52.436 : 1811 47921810 41.61 62.14 47.225 2265 2236 52.25 GUARDATINAJAS

1780 475 14.1i 47.279 17-68 20.200 °42 38.11 1804 2228 23461 12.43 25-13 30.03 8.280 63.96 1805 2239 23.72 11-284 25.19 30.06 92-20 64.45 1807 2284 22611 10-42 21.94 36.221 9.33 67.47 | 1808 2363 21.84% 10.88 21.63 36.18 9-48 67.229 1809 2344 25.64 10.32 22.70 31.36 9.98 64.04 1810 2253 23230 11-27 52.69 3237 92.3% 65242

4.83 53.08 |

: , | PART ITI--TABLE 5 413 | TABLE 5. POPULATION 8Y RACE (CONTINUED) YEAR TOTAL WHITE INDIAN PARDO NEGRO SLAVE BLACK

1811 2534 21.31 12.83 50.43 42.14 11-48 66.06 , 1812 2601 19.26 13.15 50.67 5.04 11.88 67.59 1816 2460 19.07 13.21 55.73 1-54 10.45 67.272 GUARENAS

1784 2333 38.88 24.65 11.70 12256 12.22 36248 =

1802 2901 33.88, 14.06 8248 192-13 24.44 52.05 1803 3025 33.49 14.35 8e99 19234 23.83 52.17 1804 2999 33.48 13.24 7254 21.684 234691 53.28 13805 3050 33.54 13.21 7264 212674 23.87 53.225 1808 1860 31.24 13.12 8e87 14.252 32.26 55.65 1809 2666 35.03 10.47 14-644 13.77 26.25 54.50 1811 3212 33.03 10-46 23.35 10.37 22.79 56.51 GUARICO.

1803 2034 12249 45.13 31.86 6.15 4.38 42.38 , 1804 2000 15.70 37.90 33.30 8.45 4265 46.40 1805 1832 11.46 46.40 35.43 3.11 3.60 42.14

,

1806 1908 12.47 45275 35.06 3.09 3.62 41.77 i807 1870 i4.12 44.33 38.13 2225 4.17 44.55 1808 1838 10.88 43.96 38.79 2229 4.08 45.16 1953 11.42 43.16 38.20 3.07 4015 45.42 1810 21621809 11.05 42.00 35.57 5.78 5.60 46.95 1812 2114 11.49 37.13 37.37 7014 6-86 51.37 © 1815 2225 5.03 39.64 49.71 2270 2292 55.33 , 1816 2248 5.16 39.50 49.64 2-67 3.02 55.34 1817 2351 7210 38.83 48.62 2255 2-89 54.06 i818 2338 72-53 38-41 48.59 2057 2-91 54.06 1819 2493 7230 37.34 49.62 2037 3.37 55.35 1820 2704 6095 37.46 48.56 3.37 3.66 55.58 GUASGUAS

1802 3595 44.48 18.28 35.97 0.00 1.28 37.25 1803 3444 42.45 19.156 36.99 0.00 1.39 38.39 1804 3325 44.54 18.02 36.00 0.00 1.44 37.44 1805 3519 44.05 18.67 35.98 0.00 1.31 37.28 1806 3803 44.62 1939.69 34.34 0.00 1.34 35.68 1807 3814 44.47 18.€2 35.61 0.90 1-31 36.92 13808 3878 44.38 18.93 35.5¢S 0.00 1.11 36.69 1809 4099 42.28 19.32 37.30 0.90 12-10 38.40

1810 3845 46.01 19.32 238.37 5.05 1.25 34.67 GUATIRE

1784 1942 13.85 1.13 21.242 12.26 514234 85.02 1802 2224 8.90 1.53 22.230 15.233 51.93 89.57

1803 2254 11.31 1.06 21.25 16.37 50.00 87.62 !

1805 2177 11.90 ©92 21.50 16.90 48.78 87.18 1807 2065 9.83 219 «32.54 2076 54-67 89.98

414 PART TI--TAS’Le 5 TABLE 5. POPULATION BY RACE (CONTINUED)

YEAR TOTAL WHITE INDIAN PARDQ NEGRO SLAVE BLACK

. 1809 2065 9233 219 32.54 2076 54.67 89.98 1811 2329 10.69 2253 26215 92-32 51.31 86.78 1815 2160 109.97 2-31 26.34 9235 51.02 86.71 1816 2343 10.58 22-39 292.58 11-05 4+6.39 87.03

a “1817 2492 8271 1.89 41.45 2eO01L 44.94 89.41.

GUAYABAL |

| 1804 1492 14.65 7-C& 40.15 13.27 24-87 78-228 13i7 1522 24.77 52645 «62458254 6237 4.86 69.78

GUiIGUE |

1781 2432 31.04 4.44 29.15 17.52 17.85 64.51 ; L802 2646 2223% 3251 52.61 4.38 17.216 14.215 i803 2641 21.73 4224 52.40 3286 172.76 74.02

1804 2655 21.56 4248 52.09 3095 17-21 73-86 — 1805 2735 20289 4.75 51.74 3262 192.09 174.44 1808 2975 20.61 4.C/ 48.07 4040 22-86 15.33 18909 3083 21.02 4.64 45258 4-44 23.32 174-34 1817 2846 71220 6282 53255 114.49 20.84 385.98

GUIRIPA a 1802 994 50.09 10.55 31.09 wae) 7.65 39244

1803 944 52.97 8.27 30.51 265% 7252 38.67 1804 991 44.40 10.39 35.92 091 8.38 45.21 1805 1014 42.70 10.06 37.77 289 3.58 47.24 1806 $20 41.95 10.33 35254 1.41 10.76 47.72 1807 998 27276 29-16 31.56 1.80 9.72 43.09 1808 1015 26.40 28.37 33.79 1.67 9-75 45.22

1809 1058 24.48 25.-i#1 383.94 1.98 8.88 49.81 1811 1004 43.82 6218 39.74 0.00 10.26 50.00

HUMOGC ARKO ALTO ; |

1802 2599 5-03 82.83 9247 o31 2.27% 12.04

1803 2636 5-08 83.42 9-54 °23 1.63 11.49 1804 2912 4.60 84.24 9-41 eal 1.48 11.16 1805 2758 4097 82-67 10226 229 1.81 12.56 1806 2748 4ef3 82.&2 10.48 18 1.78 12.45 1807 2714 4.79 81.98 11.20 022 1.81 13.23 1808 2658 4.67 81.79 11.47 023 1.84 13.54 1809 2470 5259 79276 12-239 220 2-06 14.66

| | 1810 2208 6-07 78235 13495 245 1218 15.58 1815 1397 6.87 81.10 19.909 243 1.50 12.03

: 1816 1813 9.32 174.74 13.18 e72 2-04 15.94 1817 1834 7280 76217 13.220 ofl 2.13 16.03 1818 1794 7.97 5220 14.05 256 22-23 16.83 1819 1612 62.14 74269 15.82 262 2-73 19.17

| 1820 1808 6.47 77-65 13.11 ofl 1.99 15.87

| ° PART TI--TABLE 5 415

| TABLE 5.2 POPULATION 8Y RACE (CONTINUED) | | , | YEAR TOTAL WHITE INDIAN PARDO NEGRO SLAVE BLACK

| HUMCOC ARO BAJO

1739 27.60 42.55 14.056 9.09 6-10 29.84. , — 18041803 1739 27660 42.55 14266 9.09 6.10 29.84 || 1806 1422 16.95 43.39 31.%3 242 7281 39.66 | || 1807 8.03 39.87a | _ 1808 1570 1946 15.80 15.11 44.33 45.43 31.27 30.52 oOoT 98 7697-39447

| a 1810 21838 134253 45e11 30.85 1.28 9-23 41.36 | 1815 1707 18.86 48.€8 23.32 1.23 72.91 32.45 1816 184643 £1788 18.57 1.06 8.78 35.96 | 1817 1780 4521345.47 26.1226.12 1.01 8.7/1 35.284 | |, : 18138 1729 20.13 45.34 25.39 281 8.33 34253 7

Oo 1819 1480 22.03 45.74 25.74 2 14 5014) =32223 | 1820 1513 21.22 45.260 26.290 225 6.01 33-18 |

: IGUANA | 1783 139 1.44 $2.09 1.44 5204 0.00 6.47

| 1802 © 323 0.00 93.19 5238 093 0-00 6.81

| 1804 0.00 95.25 4.41 °34 £0.00 475 | | 4259 : 1805295 305 0-00 95.241 4259 0.00 0.00

O.V0 | L807 3301806 0.00362 99.39 76196.213 £0.00 3237 0.00 0.00 261 |0.00 3287 |

, LA GUAIRA Oo | | 1802 4055 27.94 1.63 41.95 13.59 14.90 70.43 |

, an 1805 3526 24.59 17 46.88 14.38 175224 1807 3198 27.60 °5613.98 40.62 17.54 13.48 71.64 : 1809 3272 22013 © ~31 53.73 12.222 11.61 77.57 | 1810 326T 25616 228 43271 19.28 11.57 74.56 — a 2811 3317 21.92 75 51.82 12.42 13.08 77.33

| 1815 1819 35.95 3.41 33.97 13.03 13.63 60.64 | | 1816 1964 37.17 52.75 34.237 11.241 11.30 57.08 1817 2714 28.90 3216 45.50 13.49 9-25 68.24

: 1818 2989 20.81 3435 52.8389 11.04 11.91 75.84. 1819 2884 19.73 11.27 35.61 21.46 11.82 68.90 18290 3005 21.276 9-32 39-08 23.16 15.67 68.92

, LA GUATRA, CURATO CASTRENSE |

| L802 $0.32 29oT 1.42 9.68 | 1303 —319 280 92.86 0. 000.090 ofl 1.071.29 5-36 7214 1804 457 &5.3% 0.C0 11.38 044 2-84 14.66

a } 1807 782 54.73 25%214 2643 45.27 © ,, | 1808 541 0.00 65.8042.220 -18. 30.31 2-96 34.01

416 PART Yi--TABLE 5 TABLE 5.2 PUPULATIUON BY RACE (CONTINUED)

YEAR TOTAL WHITE INDIAN PARDGQ NEGRO SLAVE BLACK

LA SANTISIMA TRINIDAD |

, 1811

1780 567 3035 56644 13234 19.75 2212 40.21 1802 1959 6213 6.02 48.805 33.03 6218 87.85 1303 1950 354 5244 52.31 35.79 2e92 91.03 1304 1728 625% 9-20 42.259 36.275 4251 83.85 1805 1744 5210 4.87 409.71 43.12 6219 90.02 13807 1162 8.09 10.250 28.31 46.04 7214 81.50 1808 1194 11.22 14.74 65.16 2218 6-70 74204 1810 1074 6.739 14.34 172.44 3272 2279 78.96 1206 6-97 15.59 66.00 2-57 8.87 77.245 1812 939 52-86 14-S1 72-231 2213 4.79 79.23 LA VEGA.

1802 2194 27243 18.223 22.11 3446 23.271 54.28 1803 2325 27255 17-€3 22-11 3227 29.46 54.84 1804 2211 21.2i1 22.70 23.38 6.97 25.273 56.08 1805 2285 20.35 23219 22.206 82.1% 265.226 56.246

1809 1116 24.55 21.51 28.58 4-12 21.24 53.94 1811 960 23.65 17-71 32.92 4.17 21.56 58.65 1815 798 283.82 8.90 30.270 5039 262159 62.28 181lo 845 31.12 82-17 31212 5268 235-91 60.71 1817 737 29231 10.45 33.24 32.93 23.07 60.24 1818 739 «=©40.32 8.66 27.88 2298 20.16 51.01 1819 731 4631.46 16.28 29.214 2087 20.25 52.26 1820 T11 264644 18242 32.77 2-95 19.41 55.13

1821 720) 9 «2%.58 18.33 28.33 2250 26225 57.208 1822 674 272.90 13-95 31.90 3212 24-204 59.05 © LA VICTORIA

| 1803

1780 5310 26.99 15.76 34.54 7266 15.05 57.25 1802 6220 25232 12.03 38.23 2275 21.67 62.65 6700 23.266 14.42 35.58 2-90 234-45 61.93 1804 6627 24.05 14.€2 34.65 2078 23.90 61.32 1805 6889 23249 14.231 34.88 3-32 23299 62.420 1806 6991 23445 14.38 34.69 3250 23.97 62.617 1808 7117 «25.25 12.15 33.10 3209 26240 62.60 1809 71720 «223.35 14.51 34.31 3292 23290 62.213 1811 8100 20248 13.25 35.54 3-81 26.91 66.27 1816 4655 25.01 11.19 50.78 0.00 13.02 63.80 1817 4655 25.01 11.19 50.78 0-00 13.02 63.80 1818 4655 25.01 11.19 50.78 0.00 123.02 63.80 LeZzAMA

1783 1564 32.29 34.21 14.83 11.57 7210 33.50 1302 2388 342.05 23.99 27.264 4290 9-42 41.96

PART ITI--TABLE 5 417

TABLE 52 POPULATION BY RACE (CONTINUED) : YEAR TOTAL WHITE INDIAN PARDO NEGRO SLAVE BLACK

1803 2388 34-05 23.99 21746% 4290 9-42 41.96 | 1804 2388 27.64 4.90 42909-42 Ge42 41.96 : 1805 238834.05 34.05 23.99 23-99 217.6% 41.96 |

a 1806, 1807 2388 2388 34-0534.05 23.99 23299 217.6%27.64 4.90 4.290 9042 41.96 9242 41.96 | 1808 2388 34.05 23-99 27.264 4.90 9242 41.96 1809 2388 34.05 23.99 27.64 4290 9-42 41.96

1810 2388 34.05 23.99 27.64 4.90 9242 41.96

1811 2388 34.05 23499 27464 4290 9-42 41.96 , |

, | LUS ANGELES

, 1780 419 2263 75218 18.38 3258 ©24 22420 1803 452 4.65 434214 51.55 0.00 266 52-21 1804 476 4.62 45.38 49.37 0.00 63 50.00 1805 483 5-80 45234 48.03 O20 -83 48.86 1807 474 5249 44.51 48.73 0.00 1.27 1808 £479 4.59 40271 54.228 0.00 42 54.70 25.3349.51 19.89 49.57 0.00 5-22 54.78© : 1810 927 1809, 23-73920 21279 0.00 4096 54248

50.00

1812 967 22223 21-51 49.95 0.00 6.31 56226 1816 946 2007/2 17.S7T 56.24 0.00 5.07 61.31 1817 1012 24.60 17.39 52.57 0.00 50243 58.00 LGS ANGELES De ScTENTA

1801 1114 64.81 72 €3 22.226 0.00. ~§.30 27-56 1805 778 #45.76 13.88 29.31 0.00 11.05 40.36 1806 879 44.25 14.79 39.38 0.00 10.58 40.96 1807 1096 39.23 24.09 30.75 0.90 5293 36.68 L809 981 40.57 20.68 30.07 0.90 92-28 39.35 LOS CANIZCS

| i8021803 832 8.295 0-€O0 52.76 3261 35.234 91.71 812 8.00 0.00 55.30 2-96 334974 92.00 1804 822 9.298 02.00 52.55 20.19 35.28 90.02

1805 175 9.55 0.00 45.81 10.19 34.45 90.45 . 1807 7164 0.00 49.37 7285 34-29 1803 829 7298 8.93 0.CO 56.57 20641 32.09 92.02 91.07

: 1809 8381810 Be7h 0.00 55.80 2239 32210 91-29 949 6-32 0.C0 58.30 2el1l 32-77% 993.68

18sil 6.39 0.00 61.07 1.2623-437 31.28 93.61 1813 —8T6 569 1.76 0.00 61.86 13-01 98:24 1818 412 2.91 0-00 60.68 0-00 36241 97.209 1819 452 4242 0.00 62.61 02-00 32.96 95.58 1820 442 4252 02-00 63.212 0.00 32235 95.448

LUS GUAYOS ] 1781 12%2 31.90 48.63 20.13 0.00 °24 20237 | 1795 2s. 2592) «627.53 33.06 37.38 0.90 1.97 39.35

418 PART TI--TABLE 5

TABLE 5.2 POPULATION BY RACE (CONTINUED) | YEAR TOTAL WHITE INDIAN PARDO NEGRO SLAVE BLACK

1802 4090 18.51 34.30 40.66 1-27 5626 47219 1803 3612 18.05 59.33 16.72 75 52.15 22.62 1804 3317 26614 23.55 43.83 —=684 =. 64) = 50 32

1805 3407 24.71 25.21 44.76 62 4.70 50.07

LOS TEQUES |

| 1816 3023 25.64 18.65 51.31 279 »=3431 55.41

1796 2184 61.40 7-78 19.05 2215 9.62 30.82

1799 2309 59.64 7036 19049 34638 10.13 33.00 1800 2309 59.64 7236 19.49 3438 10.13 33.00 1801 2481 57.19 70638 $19.87 44043 11.12 35.43 1805 2773 -57.74 8. 13 7.57 1.91 24.05 33.54 1811 1995 30.63 2246 47.57 7eol2 12.23 66.92

1816 2355 56.39 8.87 2123 085 12.65 34.73 1817 2233 57.77 8.06 21-45 099 11.73 34.17 MACAIRA

1784 589 085 17.49 10.53 1.87 69.27 81.66 | 1802 318 o3i 8. AL 6.92 2.620 81.75 90.88 1803 303 33 8. 25 99 3496 86047 91242

1804 280 236 9.64 2.86 3.657 83.57 90.00

1806 259 -77 +#«©10.81 0-00 4.63 83.78 88.242 | 1807 277 0.90 6.50 0.90 3.61 89.83 93.50.

, 1808 219 0.00 15.C7 02.00 9.132486 75.80 1309 210 248 72€2 8.57 80.4884.93 91.90 1811 110 0.090 18.18 0.00 1.82 80.00 81.82

1817 123 U2V0 3025 12620 2044 82.11 96.75 MACAIRITA

1805 264 0.00 8.71 0.00 3.03 88.26 91.29 | , MACARAC |

|

1802 1169 39.35 10.78 18.82 5.05 26.01 49.87 1803 1113 29.38 10.87 25.52 5.75 28.48 59.75 1804 1254 42.%2 9.81 222.89 3243 21.45 47.77 | 18051807 11751260 42.30 9-11 21.02 3223 24.34 48.60 42638 11219 16.75 2.94 26.75 46.43 1809 1250 45.20 10.24 13.44 3420 27.92 44.56 1810 1388 42.65 10.30 17.51 3246 26.08 47.05 1811 1172 46.16 11.252 15.96 3.67 22.70 42.32 1812 1140 48.42 52.35 13.33 20672 30.18 46.23 1815 1217 41.82 9.53 14.13 2263 31-88 48.64 1816 1291 41.91 9237 15610 3.33 30.29 48.72 1817 1098 50.55 8.11 13-57 2.28 25.50 41.35 1818 109% 50.37 8.14 13262 2429 25.59 41.50 1819 1131 49.51 8.40 13297 2683 25229 42.09 1820 113i 49.51 8240 13-97 2.83 25.29 42.09

1822 1185 39.16 15.44 13.50 9.11 22.78 45.40 |

a PART ILI--TABLE 5 419 «TABLE 5. POPULATION BY RACE (CONTINUED) a | YEAR TOTAL WHITE INDIAN PARDO NEGRO SLAVE BLACK

| | MAGDALENG | | 1823. 1364 42.62 15.18 13.42 7.92 20.67 42.01

| | «44020-2412 34695 = 56 86s «530 11 266 5072 59049 OO

1803. 2710 27.08 10.70 52.03 6.16 4.02 62.21 : 1804 2591 29.68 1681 62460 -85 5.36 68.82.

1805 2518 35.11 1639 5360 .79 Tell 63250 , 1806 2648 33.70 1685 53.97 ©3647 6.95 64.39 . | 18091226 17.86 »=06. 269% +455.71 397650 15.99 79.20

- MAIQUETIA | | 1816 2798 31634 12693 56672 4040 Sell 66423

1796 1797 22604 4656 532698 0400 19.42 73.40 | 1802 1654 27645 3633 29202 18.7% 21445 69.23

1804 1563 26036 4054 37036 1063021.66 21.4370.61 69.10 || | | 1805 1630 24.79 4.60 37.79 11.17 | 1807 1770 26484 4.12 34.92 14612 20.00 69.04 | | «44815018170 27024 4 3=— 50 56 27035) 254092 13.92 67420 , 1816 1270 23070 11002 26685 15612 23.31 65.28

. 1817. 1327 «26475 = 40 1534074 «= 9 04 «24272 68250 -

|1784MAMPGRAL | 7 521 8685 5657 Lle13 11671 62.76 85.260 |

, 1819 1817 27624 5.56 27635 25.92 13.92 67.20 1802 488 8661 5el2 11089 9002 650637 86027

| 1804 4837 1639 5054 16663 15620 55424 87.206 a

1307 541 6684 6628 22692 10635 53.60 86.88 ; | | 1809s - 52104099) 0 14 «14240 23.99 50.48 88.87 | | 1812 5Ll 8041 «90 20. 27420 10657 44.62 82.39 1816-274) de B20 G2. BL2 02) 3= 3.0 650458 «95426 | 1817 274 2692 $249 0600 26.64 60.95 87.59 1818 318 3646 2020 25679 472 63684 94234

| BS MANAP IRE | | — MARACA , 1778 873 26.92 38614 33.10 257 1026 34094 | | 1820 295 1.02 3.439 27.80 5.42 62.37 95.59

| 1804 = 486) 26675 10691 34.36 «1685 26.13 62.35 1808 471 26675 8649 34618 2697 27260 64.76 7 | 1810521) 28602 a 4 «6237681 =02e LL «025.91 65.83 «44803. 1747) Ge 98) 564 GL 34263 269 1609 36041 1804 1636 37022 26665 32695 2608 1210 36.12

420 PART JI--TABLE 5 TABLE 5.2 POPULATION BY RACE (CONTINUED)

YEAR TOTAL WHiTse INDIAN PARDGQ NEGRO SLAVE BLACK

1895 1935 33.07 32420 32.66 1.40 267 34.73 1806 1719 30.83 37.87 28.55 1.86 87 31.30 1807 1748 30.09 40.56 23.86 3.39 1.60 29.35 . 1808 1404 31.56 40.10 22.13 4244 1.78 28.35 1809 1505 28.70 41-59 23.265 4.212 1.93 29.70 1810 1418 25.62 39235 24.12 4.87 2-05 31.03

1817 638 38.7i 27.90 29.78 78 2282 33.39 MARACAY

1782 5564 29.06 18.96 41.71 1.49 8.77 51.98

1796 7933 41.80 0.00 33.43 62.32 13245 58.220 1302 8210 28.22 2-16 40.00 426% 24298 69.62 1803 8374 28.27 2.26 490.10 4266 24.72 63248 1804 8966 28.27 2219 40.26 4265 24.72 69.63 13805 8374 33.08 1.40 46.31 o24 18.98 65.252 1808 8502 33216 1.71 45.85 40 18.8959 65.14 1809 7929) =28.78 1.63 33.57 4.92 26.11 69.59 1811 7338 29.57 2202 38.29 4.29 25.82 68-41 1816 6427 10.91 10.60 30.50 4.98 43.02 78.50 1817 5253 28.10 80 48.095 1.48 21.53 71.10 i818 6006 28.99 3213 39.69 6228 21.91 67.88 1819 6423 30.17 3286 38.33 62.35 21.28 65.97

| 1820 6542 28.26 4.07 372.89 70644 22.33 67.67 , MARIA

1803 845 47010 22249 19.76 8.88 1.78 30.41 1805 1428 44.33 14.64 37239 l.i2 2252 41.04 1806 1473 44.20 14.37 37.07 1.22 2-65 40.94 1807 1529 44.00 13.15 39.231 292 2-03 2.25 1811 1459 35.37 20.08 338.73 3256 2226 4.55 MARIARA

1802 2224 24.37 52€4 46240 9-04 15.15 70.59 1803 2279 24.70 2-98 43-00 11.89 17.42 72.31 1804 2188 24.22 2061 474253 11.01 14.63 73.17 1805 2549 24.87 2.47 53.2164 172-06 12.244 72.66 1809 3254 25-11 8.73 40.41 11.95 13.80 66.16 1815 2932 23.253 4.06 51.77 7278 12-686 72-41 1816 3270 23.243 1.41 61.47 4.01 9269 75.17 1817 3486 25.27 2232 56260 5.262 10.18 72.40 1818 3396 29.12 1-41 56.207 3-77 9263 69.246

MONTALBAN

17381 1525 37.77 3.€7 39.28 1.44 17.84 58.56 1802 2273 36.47 0.00 39.99 6-60 16.94 63.53 1803 2560 38.09 0.00 45.90 3-156 12-85 61.91 1805 2595 39.23 0.00 46.78 3270 10.29 60.77

, | PART LI--TABLE 5 421 TABLE Se POPULATION BY RACE (CONTINUED)

YEAR TOTAL WHITE INDIAN PARDO NEGRO SLAVE BLACK

1806 2624 41031 0200 45.81 34624 9.64 58.69 , 1808 2665 41.99 0.00337 44.28 5.82 7.92 58.01 1810 2718 39.59 45073 6636. = 769560404

, 1815 3018 31.18 3-53 48624 5043 14661 68.29 1817 3372 32.09 -65 49.85 4.98 12643 67.26 1818 2831 31665 710 53034 4 3«=094 027 10003 67064

1820 3746 36.57 -72 49.07 6646 7618 62071 MURCN

1804 297-0200» 00 00 54088) 3020 36 420 TH 100.00 1805 302 0000 «06 00 51266 )3=S Be OL. Ss-3 94 74 ~=100.00

1806 302 0.00 0.00 50.00 10.93 39.07 100.00 1807 337 0600 0.00 49.26 10298 39.76 100.00 ) 1818 347 0.00 0.00 68.88 0.00 31212 100.00 | 1819 3341820 0.00 0.CO 64.37 0200 35263 100.00 587-1053. 00 00 58494 16252 23.00 98.47 | MOROTURO

13802 357 14.01 ~56 20017 54.06 11620 85443 1804 52170290 22607 «26049 38.96 5618 70.63

1805 = 5535.) 12652 15014 26654 40.00 5679 72.34 | | 1807 381 7635 14.96 66614 6682 472 77.69 | | 1808 5097047) 21 e El) 026013 39088 «94291 «70292 1809 432 12650 7c€% 73061 1085 440 79.86 1815 513 be 24 22042 26090 39657 487 71.35

, NAGUANAGUA , 1802 1446 47244 25 33.61 21% 18.46 52.21 |

1803 1600 48.12 el 34.06 el3 17.37 51.56 | 1804 1340 45.07 460 35.37 215 18681 54.33 1805 1620 39.63 -49 43640 212 16636 59288 1809 1418 46.05 56 35626 621 (17691 53.39 1816 1754 35058 4616 30657 291 26.68 60.26 NAIGUATA

| 1801 771-5019 «21e0L «= 2e 72, 101 7 = 69091 «73480

1802 752. 3046.0 2104101073) 1099 T1e4kL = 75013

1804 757 3083 26.68 626 279 68043 69448 7 1805 698 5673 22649 1.58 343 69.77 71.78 1809 740 | 5241 21.08 295 41 72216 73251 : : 1810 775 4090 18.06 2.06 1668 73229 77.03 18il 719i 095) 23677) 20 7B) Ze 5) «64635 69428

1816 550 6055 19682 6655 4400 63.09 73.64 1817 666 Bell 16637 7.81 6676 60.96 75.53 1822 510 5029) 22054 10639 4690 56647 71.76

, niRGUA

1781 3304 97 0.00 98.43 0.00 61 99.03

422 PART [I--TASBLE 5 : | TABLE 5.2 PUPULATION 3Y RACE (CONTINUED)

YEAR TOTAL WHITE INDIAN PARDO NEGRO SLAVE BLACK

1802 3090 9% 0.00 97.70 0.200 1.36 99.06 1803 3174 0-000.00 97.98 0.200 91 98.90 | 1804 3182 1.261.10 0.00 97.83 ~-91l 98.74

18052856 2814 2ei3 1806 2238 0-€00.00 93.94994.21 0.00 3.680.200 97.62 1807 28156 2213 0.00 94.21 0.00 3.685 97.87 | 1808 4288 2287 23 75.79 17.84 3.26 96.90

3.66 97.87 |

| 18091810 4069 2-022206 ~O7°€4 67.231 4668 65.4929.10 29.841.50 1.97 97.91 97.30

1813 3357 1.64 0.00 97.02 0209 1.34 98.36 1817 3311 1.60 0.00 97.04 0.00 1.36 98.40 1819 3258 i.69 0.00 95.57 0.00 1.44 $8.31 1820 3268 1.05 0-00 95.48 0.00 1.87 %8.35 1821 39079 1.01 0.00 97.76 0.00 1.23 98.99 CCUMARE DE LA COSTA

1802 2518 3242 216 33.08 3289 59.45 96.43

. 1803 2035 4.158 44 33.33 12.78 4.28 95.38 1804 1514 6241 330 «621.53 15.39 56.34 93.26

1805 2226 3-86 C4 28.66 1.66 65.77% 96.909

1305S 1662 5.90 0.00 35.76 3625 54.09 94.10 1815 1529 5023 0.00 39.70 3299 51.08 94.77 1816 1540 326% 0.00 35.19 6049 54.68 96236

1817 1549 4e20 0.00 38.386 52-36 51.58 95.80

1819 1154 4.85 226 35.70 6e67 52-51 94.89

i820 1327 8.29 023) 35449 10263 45.37 91.48 OCUMARE DEL TUY

1783 2141 10.45 2276 21230 10.00 49.46 80.76 1802 4103 14.26 9-60 22.72 6.85 46.53 76.14 - 1803 4141 34268 10.63 15.07 13.38 26.25 54.70 1804 4753 12.54 8.44 22.211 7222 49.65 79.202

1805 4886 14.39 8.37 21.63 7214 48.47 77.24

1811 3446 14.23% 8.65 26229 5.98 44.75 77.02 1815 1444 14.54 7227 16.41 5226 56.51 78.19 1820 4029 12.61 4-57 28.02 8.98 45.82 82.82 1821 3825 17.25 2220 23.50 72-95 49.10 80.55 1822 3843 14.23 52260 25447 9.37 5.67 80.51 ORTIZ

1780 1193 66.72 72 S96 3.230 1254 92647 25231 | 1802 1700 66.88 2259 7o41 12-71 10.41 30.53 1803 1503 68.20 3-66 13.31 7245 7239 28.214 1804 1559 69.15 5-52 13.09 3272 8253 25.34 1805 1570 70.06 5-6f 12.68 3-31 8.28 24.27 1806 1775 «674.276 3-72 10.31 £3.10 8.11 21.52 1807 1896 54.69 2-&5 29.01 5.38 8.07 42.46 1808 1941 54.51 3.09 29.21 52646 8 7273 42240 1809 1985 53.30 3248 28.46 6045 8.31 43.222

| | | PART TI--TABLE 5 423 , | TABLE 5.2 POPULATION BY RACE (CONTINUED) YEAR TOTAL WHITE INDIAN PARDO NEGRO SLAVE BLACK : L810 2019 53.5% 3eET 28423 6-14 8e42 42.79

| | - OSPINO | | , 1813 1S75 69.06 2-89 15.14 4.35 8.56 28.05 , |

30.04 14.60 45.41 55.36 || | | 1803| 1802 60676021 29.75 14467 43.282234 2.394.60 4091 55.58 1805 6419 29.57 18.94 45.00 1.34 4.55 51.49 | 1806 67607 292.92 18.77 45.215 1.6145.37 4.55 51.31 1807 6862 29.80 18.23 £1.92> |4.68 51.97 |

1808 7102 26636 32.2% 22.00 $17.0744.51 43.093017 32133.96 4238 50.59 | 1809 7277 51.64 _ 1810 7251 26645 22.05 44.37 3213 4200 51.50 1811 5673 34.81 12218 43.38 4.28 5234 53.01 : 1817 5506 35.87 12.55 41.66 4.41 5250) «651258 |

, PANAQUIRE a

, 1802 911 7614 9-44 9-11 66 73.266 83.42 , 1803 836 8.85 8.&5 9.33 el2 72.85 82.30

1804 811 6.91 9.237 7254 025 75.83 83.72. 1805 829 62176 8.5eS5 44 8.256 1.69 74.55 84.80 || }| 1807. 823 6644 11.54 °49 75.58 87.61 1808 8357.231 6671 6623 11.381.10 -7272.11 74.9784.77 87.07 1809. Bi 72-92 #11257 , ,| , 1816 593 4205 3237 17.5% 4055 70.49 92.58

| , | PARACOTOS

1783 1848 21.643 324636 22629 72-58 16.34 46.21

1802 1889 33214 2344) 28.59 2086 12.02 43.446 : | 1803 2065 31.33 21.02 27.275 3-05 16.85 47.65

1804 1764 40.53 22234 25.240 2061 9-13 37.213 oe : 1805 1966 37.08 26.55 23.75 2.75 9287 36.37

1806 2089 46.72 25.€8 18.33 1.53 8.33 28.20 | | L807 2130 24.6918.34 17.98 1.88 10.52 | : 1808 2197 44.93 45.38 25.&5 2223 8.15 28.7730.38 |

1809 1631 37.45 34.8925.€4 27.1614.34 14.354.95 5233 18.27 37.95. || | 1810 1757 17.42 36.71 © | 1811 1903 37.953 26.01 14629 4.99 16-71 36.00

1812 2002 29.92 23.68 13.23 7-59 20.58 46.240 | | a 1816 13811 29.04 16.C7? 23.30 21.70 9.88 54.89 | 1817. 1841 28.95 15.52 23.47 21.13 10.54 55.13 — 1819 1803 41.99 35.€C5 11.37 0.00 11.59 22.296

18290 1812 42.90 35.04 11.226 0.00 11.70 22296 | , PARAP ARA

424 PART YTI--TABLE 5 TABLE 5. PUPULATION BY RACE (CONTINUED)

YEAR JOTAL WHITE INDIAN PARDO NEGRO SLAVE BLACK

L781 1992 27.21 5.52 44.68 12.70 9.88 67.27

1732 2932 23037 8.C7 44.678 132.04 10.224 68.06

1738 1973 24057 6.27 46.01 12218 10.97 69.16 1802 2093 25242 4211 33.64 31.15 5.69 70.47 1803 2219 26.18 2-53 33.17 31.86 5286 70.89 1805 2231 26.80 1.79 34287 30.93 5.60 71.40 L807 2330 20.9% eff 59.83 13.222 5224 178.28 1809 2480 21.77 0S3 59264 12.250 5216 677.30 13810 2585 21.12 1.01 59.46 12.65 5-76 77.37 181i 2773 21.96 1.C5 60.22 12.19

4.58 176.99 |

PATANEMO

1802 462 2260 043 41.99 11.47 43.51 96.97 | 1803 469 3e4l1804 Le-71 41.236 11-51 42.00 94.88 495 2253 -81 50.30 9.09 37.17 96.57

1805 533 2-61 1.13 48.78 9-76 37.52 96.06 1808 513 1.95 o39 46.00 10.72 40.94 97.66 1818 411 1.70 >S7 65221 1.790 30.41 97.32

i819 472 1.69 1.27 59.95 6.14 30.93 97.03 | PAYARA

1780 908 4.30 87.11 2042 ell 6.06 8.59 1802 1075 15.91 47.16 27.44 5240 4.09 36.93

1804 1225 18-61 41.88 28.24 5271 5255 39251 1805 1425 20.Ui 382.74 28.77 6.18 6.25 41.19 1806 1433 20.31 38.59 28.75 6.214 1807 1495 21.90 38.13 29.97 5-48 5242 «840.87

6-21 41.10 |

1812 1425 20.07 38.14 28.77 6.18 6.25 41.19 PETARE

| 1821

1802 3840 29.30 17-16 16.88 11.77 24.90 53.5% i803 3875 29.39 16.58 16.98 11.77 24.88 53.63 1804 3899 29.91 16.88 13.88 12-59 21.75 53222 . 1805 4242 25.06 13.15 25.04 5.14 31.61 61.79 1806 4130 24.94 12.81 25.38 4.39 31.99 62.25 1807 4557 25.08 11.285 25.92 32082 33.33 63.07 1811 4349 26235 9257 13228 11.57 34.24 64.08 13812 4548 23.38 13.83 12.82 9.96 39.51 62.29 1816 4508 26.84 7el2 14.42 222.74 28.88 66.04 i817 4374 21.72 8.85 15.91 23.09 30243 69443 1818 3400 24:41 102.76 25256 5074 332-53 64282 1819 3670 24.74 10.52 27.11 5231 32.32 64.74 1820 3854 24.68 10.17 27.76 5229 32.10 65.215 3962 24.08 10-17 28.04 5250 32-21 65.75 1822 3748 23.59 10.78 25.37 6040 33286 65.64 PUERTO CABELLO

1803 4906 17.61 1.18 54.648 13.45 13.27 81.21

| PART ITI--TABLE 5 425 TABLE 5. POPULATION BY RACE (CONTINUED) |

YEAR TOTAL WHiTeé INDIAN PARDO NEGRO SLAVE BLACK :

1804 5213 19.78 54 56.88 10.61 12220 179.69 1805 5231 17.70 -48 58.52 10.67 12.64 81.82 1806 5394 19.76 259 51.43 14.94 13.227 179.64

1811 5482 17.279 1.20 45.75 22.64 12.62 81-01 . i817 3642 34.93 8624 26.30 12.74 17.30 56.84 1819 3279 39252 1.68 45.47 8.30 52-03 58.80 1820 3112 23.91 1.32 52.28 11.25 11.25 74.78 PUERTO CABELLO, CASTILLO

1801 523 82222 1.53 3.82 0.00 12-43 16.25 1302 317 &85.il J. OV 263 0.00 14.20 14.83

. 1804 482 52049 0-00 29.67 0.00 17.84 47.51 -1805 737 46.13 0.00 36.91 0.00 16.95 53.87 1806 1072 54220 °65 33.96 0.00 11.19 45.15 L307 1062 51.04% 54 37.10 0.00 10.92 48.02 1808 1198 52.3% 1.34 35.98 0.00 10.35 46.33 i809 1139 50.40 22.28 35.247 0.90 11.85 47.32 1810 1441 50.17 #=12€7 41.229 0.00 6.87 48.16 1819 852 30.75 52-59 44.13 12.09 72.04 63.426 1820 710 27.46 720% 45.07 13.66 6676 65.249

| QUARA : | 1782 1057 1.89 94.23 1.99 1.80 » 09 3288 :

1791 805 3.03 @e56 93042 4210 0.00 4e22 | 1802 715 89.51 7.27 0.00el2 214 7.41 1303 7103 3256 $5.77 92.2715 0431.77 32130.00 014 2-86 327) 1804 733 1.36 1.09 L805 847 2043 84.265 4.37 8.590 0-00 12.87 1807 810 3.21 83.09 9.51 4.07 212 13.70 1308 907 3675 85256 7239 3e31 0.00 10.69 , 18091810 891 3214 85.07 5231 5227 0.00 11.78 G00 1.67 87.67 3244 2022 0.90 10.67 1815 930 2280 82.37 11.33 3-01 0.00 14.84 1816 935 2.89 80.53 12.09 449 0-00 16.58 |

1317 947 2264 80299 11.72 42655 0.00 16.37 1818 1905 2.29 70.55 15.32 9235 2005 26.77. 1819 859 2079 67.75 16.07 10.13 3-26 29.45 | QUIEGR 1802 6805 33.39 19.52 24.63 13.71 82-76 47.210 4803 6678 33.99 18.76 25.10 13.22 8.92 417.24

| 1804 6998 32.977408 19.2832649 25.22 19.78 13.43 9-10 47.76 1805 24.59 13.90 9.14 47.73 | 1806 7406 32647 19.278 24.70 13.91 9214 47.275 1307 7408 32649 19.78 24.69 13.90 9.14 47.273 13808 8024 31.41 19.02 26.52 153.98 3.97 49.58

i810 9970 28239 19.C4 49.25 232 Ze?7l 52258

| 1815 8906 238.39 13.80 41.93 62/6 8662 57.31

426 PART LI--TABLE 5 | TABLE 5. PUPULATIUN BY RACE (CONTINUED)

YEAR TOTAL WHITE INOIAN PAROS NEGRG SLAVE BLACK

1816 8706 28.15 13.88 42.61 6.68 3.70 57.97 ©

18i7 1000% 28.32 13-682 42.38 6659 38439 57.86 1818 9780 26.79 15.14 43.23 6061 8623 58.07 1819 9276 292386 13635 41286 6625 8668 56.79 i820 10161 30.26 134662 40691 6667 8.53 56.12

R13 CHICG

1802 869 5.75 4.49 12.08 16.46 61.22 85.76 , 1303 G14 6202 5214 12.89 16.19 59.96 88.84

, 1806

1804 999 4260 2470 18632 15202 59.36 92.69 1805 1140 6.32 5670 12654 10.09 65.35 87.98 1230 6026 60C2 124628 9043 66.02 87.72 , 1807 1286 52699 66C7 124652 106011 65632 87-95 1808 1330 5686 6224 12648 $2.92 65.49 87.89 1809 13542 Geil 6018 12637 9684 65250 87.70

, 1810 1442 7662 6659 12290 10.54 62.34 85.78

40.1575) 2570 4S) 14048) «=©10.03 59.75 84.25 , 1812 1420LBLL 6069 6613 12.61 10.63 63.94 87.18 1816 1425 72.86 8677 23292 5640 54.95 83.37

1817 1379 7683 7225 16017 8019 60.55 84.92

1819 1417 7.95 6.56 18.63 7.48 59.77 85.89 RiO DEL TCCUYO

1802. 1887 20624 62.43 13.78 0.090 2455 17.33

1803 1813 15042 59.96 15.16 0.00 4.47 20.63 1804 1639 13.12 70.29 10.98 0.00 5.61 16.60 1805 1715 13606 69.39 11-84 0600 1808 1769 13645 72.58 616 0.00 7.80 13.96 1809-2394) 2264 52.55 10690 0.00 13.91 24.81 L8L5 2386 18.23 66.01 12.15 0.00 3.60 15.76

5.71 17255

SABANETA , 1805 2125 34631 10664 50073 2007 2626 55.206 1808 2383 16674 26673 53042 LeS5l 1259 56.53° 1809 3000 34.10 11640 52613 1237 4.41200 54.50 1810 3520 31639 11-79 51656 3692 1634 56.82 1811 4057 34.46 12.82 46644 4.19 2.10 52.72 1812 2385 370619 23248 2721 8634 3477 39.233

1816 2246 32059 4014 63227 0.90 0400 63.27

| SAN ANTONIO Dé LAS COCUIZAS 1780 1072 Gse79 10073 60035 16.70 2643 79.48

SAN ANTCNIO DF LOS ALTGS © : 1796 471 85035 0.00 6637 1627 #+4%+7-01 14.265 1802 455 82.20 1422 7425 222 9201 16.48 1803 504 80.75 7614 2618 -40 9252 12.10 1804 505 80.59 1.98 3617 240 13-686 17443 7

: - PART II--TABLE 5 427 | ' TABLE 5. PUPULATION BY RACE (CONTINUED) |

, YEAR TOTAL WHITE TNDIAN PARDO NEGRO SLAVE BLACK oo ,

616 4078 69.81 3.901%.073 4.71 016 21.43 — 18081805 1089 48.58 100.74 35.17 1809 969 49.33 2.27 3.92 31 44.17 48.40 46265

26.30 —

1810 860 51.05 1.28 023 7.5636.87 04744.81 39.65 47.67 | i811 857 54.49 70 7270 1812 828 53.99 36 2 ©=6 7 357 72 37-56 45.265 1815 44.90 68 38.27 53.40 ! 1816 572588 50.00 20451.70 9.7914.46 235 37-641 47.255 _, | 1817 533 #51.78 °&#&2»&75 8.26 075 38446 47.47 ,

1818 569 51.67 3416 12.65 053 312.99 45.217 1819 583 54.20 $1.03 13.238 1-54 29.85 44.77 ,

| 1820 686 50.58 4-81 14.58 2048 27.55 44.61

| SAN CARLOS os , , 1781 7346 40.68 5.28 24.90 8.33 20.81 54.04 ,

1786 7578 36.49 5.20 24.387 10.00 19.44 58.31

. 1738 BL1L1791 35.78 4.82 28.20 10.90 19.31 58.490 8706 35.98 5.02 23.39 11.50 19.11 59.01 L796 9373 35.42 5.38 23.42 11.66 19.12 59.20

1798 7653 35.80 27.54 L799 7388 35.83 4.534.90 27.256 14.68815.19 16.70 16.57 59.24 | 59.30 |

18v0 8221 35.02 40.54 27.54 16238 16-12 60.04

L8o0l8805 83163548 34.82 5.0L 27.44 16.58 16.14 60.16 , L302 4.91 27.26 13661 18.75 59.61 , 13803 8884 35.38 4653 27242 13.256 18.71 59.69 , L804 10476 33.95 62651 2746656 14.33 17.54 59.54

1805 10845 34.73 6.44 27.60 13.84 17.40 58.84 , 1806 11225 34.57 6033 28.56 13.67 16.86 59.09 1808 10846 34.72 6644 27.00 13.84 17.40 58.83 | 1809 10845 34.73 6.44 27.60 13.84 17.40 58.84 L811 12128 34.39 ~-S7 53.20 1.07 10.36 64.64 1812 12035 34.56 84 53.74 094 39282 1816 7726 «28.42 5.72 49.68 2-98 13.20 65.86 isiT7 $190 31.31 Ze 717 59.10 3249 12.33 65.92 18i8 38700 31.40 4.99 48.28 3.69 13.64 63.61 , 1819 8389 30.87 22.59 48.38 30.72 14-44 66.54 | 1820 8348 31.47 2.61 43.00 4ei7 13-75 65.92

, 1822 8354 39.73 2.36 49.19 3.59 14.14 66.91 «1823 7673 9=—.29.218 2el4 59.75 32.36 14.57 68.68

1824 6941 31.25 2012 50.74 2645 13.244 66.63 ,

, SAN CIEGO DE ALCALA

178i 79% 27246 24643 43.70 0.00 4.41 48.11. , 1802 1293 19.595 16.63 42.00 19.80 1.62 63.42 | 13803. 730 1804 418.77 272.12 43.15 8.36 2260 54.11 925 25.19 18.05 34.49 20.54 1.73 56.76 1805 837 24.61 21.398 46.95 3.94 22-51 53.41 138909 B80l 19.85 22.60 51.31 4.62 1-62 57.55

64.50 ,

428 PART TI--TABLE 5 : ] |

TABLE 50 FUPULATIGN 3Y RACE (CONTINUED) |

YEAR TSTAL WHiTe INOTAN PARDiGG NEGRO SLAVE BLACK | SAN DTEGO De LOS ALTOS

1802 844 50.55 25.83 11.7323 1.30 10.55 23.58

1804 859 52.27 23.C5 10.13 4.19 10.36 24.68 | 1805 S917 50.93 23.66 10.03 5245 9-92 25241 | 1807 1025 47.51 28.4 68 9.85 32890 10.15 23.80 L057 459.70 28.438 9.84 4.26 1L1i.73 25.83 | 13809 12061808 42.62 28.@1 19.45 6.72 11.61 28.77 1810 1232 42.86 28.00 11.9323 3-938 13.23 29.214

| i811 1255 43.959 28.21 3208 4.62 14.18 27.89 1815 1228 44.95 24.67 7.398 72-82 14.58 30.37 1816 1146 43.19 26. 70 9234 4.71 16.06 30.190 18i7 1125 47.02 22.£&4 3227 6.393 14.93 30.13 13818 1078 45.418 25.79 9218 15.96 3290 29.04 138i9 1132 40.19 20.04 9.19 4.06 16252 29.77 1820 1198 39.07 28.5 i2.50 40.3% 15294 32.8% SAN FELIPE

1782 5029 26604 5210 69.26 4.62 3298 68.86

L802 6070 24.71 10.54 35.75 10.54 13.45 64.74 i803 5007 25623 10.282 37.18 10.91 16.76 63.95 1804 4556 19.29 2239 61.402 2061 14.270 78.432 18905 5127 1f.77 1.19 64.85 2-69 12.50 81.04 1817 3067 i0.9%6 ~&2 179.233 1.63 7.27 88.23

1818 3224 28.16 0.900 59.21 28 12.34 71.84 |

1819 3293 12.13 1-18 76.71 2031 1262 86464 i820 32381 12.30 12-57 75.45 2284 7-84 86.13

1821 2756 12.16 1.4Z2 175.29 2216 38238 86.43 SAM FELIPE, MITAD DE (1)

1807 2861 17.41 1.33 65.19 1.15 14.92 81.27 138038 2889 17.58 1.32 65.211 1-14 14.85 81.10 1309 2754 17.232 12.13 62.36 1.02 17.57 81.55 1810 2862 17.65 12.12 65.06 1.36 14.278 81.20

181i 2862 17.68 1.12 65206 1.36 14.78 81.20

1812 2025 10.27 40 77.53 49 11.31 89.53 SAN FELIPE, MITAD DE (2)

1807 2842 16.7% 1.58 68.51 1.69 11.44 81.63 1808 2887 16.31 2-81 66.09 3239 11.40 80.88 1809 2838 15.57 4.83 604.34 4.33 10.92 179.609 1810 2573 15.43 42.79 63.62 4.43 11.67 179.78 SAN FERNANDO DE APURE

180i 3564 37.226 7224 49.07 2224 4.18 55.50 1805 1575 47.37 14.53 34.92 0.200 2e22 37.14

PART LI--TABLE 5 429 TABLE 5S. POPULATION BY RACE (CONTINUED)

YEAR TOTAL WHITE INDIAN PARDO NEGRO SLAVE BLACK ,

, 1806 2464 41.56 20.13 35.96 0.00 2.35 38.31 1816 1832 39.41 6.28 38.86 8.08 7637 54.31 — SAN FERNANDO DE CACHICAMO

«1783 420 25.0 3.33 33.10 11.219 27.38 71.67 Oe 1802 424 22.88 7678 42622 90691 17622 69.434 1803 415 22.17 8e43 40072 11¢81 16287 69640 , 1805 439 19.36 5.01 58.09 2.51 15.03 75.63 , 1806 513 23.59 6624 53.30 1.95 14.42 70.18 1897 503 24645 62636 54687 14699 12633 69.18 , SAN FRANCISCO DE CARA 1783 1169 20619 2674 70.657 40.00 6650 77.07

1802 1508 24.54 2.59 56.50 4.77 11.60 72.88 , , SAN FRANCISCO DE TIZNADOS

1780 2240 12.63 6.07) 15036 50654 15240 81.29

| 1802

1801 1746 11628 2235 74.86 0.00 11.51 86.37 1987 10.62 -91 447.91 31.81 8.76 88.48 1803 2054 13.83 1.02 48.83 25230 10.52 85.15 1805 2181 14.495 1.38 73.77 -78 9258 84.14

1807 2368 15.20 1.27 73.52 -84 9.16 83.53 oe

1808 2361 14.23 10.27 74.29 035 9436 84.50 1809 2423 14.32 1-44 73.88 099s - 9 BT) 84 23 L811 2230 21.35 8243 43.50 18.79 7.94 70.22

1812-2465) 19635 3s Be TH 47042 «215629 9017 71.89 , SAN FRANCISCO DE YARE | 1783 L299 4.16 10.16 S.70 10.55 65.43 85.68

1802 1766 Seid 13019 40642 17621 69-02 81.65 1803 1740 4654 13279 529 20.34% 56.03 81.67 180% 1733 427 413204 3654 20.66 58.40 82.69 1805 1725 4670 412.81 £§43e77 21.22 1810 2145 4.610 13229 22.98 4062 55.01 82.61

57.51 82.49 , 181L 4 2152 42609 13.24 23.05 4679 54.483 82.67 , 1815 1334 4642 10.34 11.39 3267 70.16 85.23 | 1818 1713. «405500116210 25.45 3) Ge LB) 052266) 84.24

1820 1835 6665 9654 i4.39 11.93 57649 83.81 1821 2006 6643 14626 19-34 6638 53-59 79.31 1822 1958 5698 10.16 20.74 6223 56.89 83.86

| SAN JOSE | | , SAN JAIME.

«L7BL L099) 15047) «630-66 «646.50 1691 52646 53.87

430 PART II--TABLE 5 TABLE 5e POPULATION 3Y RACE (CONTINUED)

YEAR TOTAL WHITé INDIAN PARDO NEGRO SLAVE BLACK

1788 1516 5.67 18647 69.79 3236 2670 75.486 1790 1727 22641 18230 53221 457 1.51 59.29 1791 1727 22641 18.30 53.21 4.57 1.51 59.29

«4475200 2102) 23645 18.03 55.33 1657 1262 58.52 1794 2042 212620 18.56 56.95 14662 4267 60.24 1795 2246 21646 15.09 28.57 32-646 2232 63445 1798 2517 22.29 15693 27.57 31647 2274 61.78 1799 ««- 2517) «22.29 «15.53 27.57 31447 2674 61.78 1800 2535 22.13 15482 28.17 31424 2.64 62.05

4801 2572 20.88 15.68 30.79 31.65 -70 63.14 1803 2543 19.90 15.06 62.17 1.45 14242 65.04 1804 2560 20.16 10.54 65631 1645 2615 68.91

: 1805 1620«1807 20.89 14627 61.099 1646 2429 64.84 1624) «625406 10622 62644 04.00 2428 64.272

1808 1625 25.48 9.678 62.15 0.00 2.58 64.74 181i 1597 24.11 10.96 62.55 0.00 2438 64.93 1812 1555 20.13 6.607 72.52 1.28 0.00 73.80 1815 1739 3.97 9.55 84.47 ~98 1.04 86.49 1818 1624 28.33 23.21 47.54 ~62 -31 48.46

«4819 = 16690-22483) «31.04 3844.94 272 248 46.14 , 1822 1992 29.02 20.98 46644 2.16 1.41 50.00 1823 1692 29.02 204639 48.17 1012 1-30 50.59

, SAN JOSE DE APURE 1802 559 13.42 38.46 32.56 14.13 1.43 48.12 , 1804 719 21.97 29.49 238.09 20.17 ~28 48.54 , 1806 656 21.80 32.32 26.07 19.21 061 45.88

1807 615 20.81 33.33 26.92 19.35 049 45.85 1808 593 21442 33-05 25.80 19.22 ~51 45.53 13809 593 21.42 33.05 25.80 19222 ©51 45.53

SAN JOSE DE TIZNADCS 1802 1865 18.50 4.68 64.02 3.38 10.03 77.43 , , 1803. 1994 18.00 6.02 62.99 4.16 8483 75.98 1804 1938 18647 7628 62644 4633 7248 74.25 1805 1567 18.96 7.27 63.55 3436 6.86 173.77

1807 2188 16.77 5.C7 56681 15613 6422 78.15

1808 2009 14.88 4.08 67.50 7202 652 81.04

1809 2088 17639 3.02 63.51 10.20 5.89 79.60

1810 2261 4140642 «= 5 71) 64088 = 8 54) 4679 88

1812 2271 12.59 5.681 67.33 8210 64616 81.59 1816 2104 16.53 6246 52628 18649 50694 76.71 L817 2727 16605 6.09 56.55 15640 5.32 77.26 SAN JUAN DE LOS M@RROS

1802 1232 43.91 8.12 21.92 18.59 38.36 47.97 1803 1227 46.54 7.274 21.84 15297 7.91 45.72

1389 47.73 8.57 25.34 10.80 7.56 43.70. 7 1806 1430 1805 45.94 8ell 17627 7.27 18.08 45.94 7.23 45.68 | 1807 1493 45.14214640 9.18 20.36

| | PART II--TABLE 5 431 | oo TABLE 5. POPULATION BY RACE (CONTINUED)

- YEAR TOTAL WHITE INDIAN PARDO NEGRO SLAVE BLACK | | | | 1809-1628 «46.13 «7656 21644 17.51 7637 46.31 — 1810 1622 46.49 8.01 20.78 17.88 6.84 45.50

|| 1802 SAN MATEQ) | 7 | 2276 28.16 9.18 37.26 .57 24.82 62.65 | , ‘1811 1568 48.15 6.51 22.26 15.637 7.72 45.34 |

7: 1781 2253 26.99 13.63 42.65 0.00 16.73 59.39

| 1803 24.80 62.20 61.54| , | 18042218 225427.32 25.51 11-14 12.629 33.86 33645 2689 2448 26626

| oe | 1805 27.73 11.5937.09 33.33 2027 25.07 60.67 | , 18062286 2281 26.87 9.25 2.41 24.38 63.88 1808«29.90 2124 28.91 10.59 32.30 3.81 24.3958.47 60.50_oo| | -1809 2415) 110.€4 32.38 2.98 23.11 181i 2508 29.03 10.53 34.77 2639 23229 60.45 , | 1816 1873 33.69 9.66 36.20 3.10 17.35 56.65 | a | | 1817 1915 32.38 10.55 36.76 3419 17.13 57.08 18210-2428) «29.90 10.83 37.36 3621 18.70 59.27 | |

SAN MIGUEL DE TRUJILLO |

7 1808 2343 40.03 9294 42.94 3433 3676 50.02

| | SAK, NICOLAS DE TOLENTINO | | 7 1803.1808 571. lB) 19,098.90 23.8226654 98.0784.22 ||| | 6971475) 7.32 55017 8.46 48.78

| 18181820 291442 0.00 100.00 4.520.00 0.00 63012 0.000.00 32.35 9.00 95.48.100.00 |

: , , a1gi0 SAN PEDRO | , 1021 52.89 69 33.30 0.00 13.12 46.43 Oo 1821 437 0.00 4.58 62.70 32.72 0.00 95.42

| «BLL 1151) 49.55 = 3.30 34.93 «0000 12642 47.35 |

| 1817 869 54.78 2.19 37.51 0.00 5.52 43.04. |

: — SAN RAFAEL DE ONITO , oe | |

| | 1779 5698 42.64 45.65 8.36 2017 1.17 11.71 | SO 1810 1330 32.26 24.96 41.28 .15 14635 42.78 _

a, 1811 26.94 25.84 37-19 45.64 -160«-1641 «(47.21212 18281273 847 18.42 40.97 3.31

44.39 1829 827 17.90 34.82 43.05 3.63 260 47.28 —|

| ne ee SAN RAFAEL DE ORITUCO oe | |

| | 1783-1587 364642 2.58 24.57 16.64 19.79 61.00 — a 1802 971 19.67 0400 60.25 0.00 20.08 80.33 1803-972.) 20.58 = 0600 60639 «0600 19.03 79.42 |

432 PART [I--TABLe 5 TABLG Se PUPULATION BY RACE (CONTINUED) YEAR TOTAL wHITc [NDIAN PARDO NeGRO SLAVE BLACK

1304 1650 24.G6 0.CO0 60.238 02-00 15.66 5.94 1805 1068 24.444 0.00 59.54 0.9090 15.92 75.56 1806 1186 23.15 9.00 62.14 0.00 14.67 76.81 1808 1214 26.36 0.00 57.99 0-00 15.65 173.64 1809 108% 292/70 4643 51.01 2-86 11.99 65.87 1811 1564 27.594 2220 45.42 16.43 6.91 69.76

. 1310 1483 29.47 2043 60.96 2-63 4.52 68-11 . SAN SEBASTIAN De LCS REYES

i733 2907 24.84 21.49 43.59 1.96 8.12 53.77 | 1802 3212 30-67 6641 52299 1.77 3215 62292

i803 3310 30.33 8.19 51.387 1.73 1.82 61.48 — 1804 3384 30.61 8.16 51.40 1.89 7274 o1.25 1805 3387 30.32 8.212 52205 2204 1247 61.56 1309 3088 31.57 6254 51.20 3214 7255 61.88 1810 3212 34.29 6.82 51.25 3.70 6.94 61.89 i8ll 32245 31.225 6.72 50.97 3.79 T22% 62.95 SANARE

1803 3281 12.37 59.19 17.04 10.06 1.34 283.44 1804 3315 12.43 58.85 17-16 10.14 1.42 28.72 — 1805 3231 i2237 59.159 17204 10.06 12434 28.44 1806 3107 lee46 61.73 15.13 8.18 2251 25.281 i807 3100 12.32 61.42 15.19 8.19 228/f 26.25 1803 3092 12.52 62.32 i4-97 7231 2-88 25.216 1809 3104 12.21 62.08 15.24 6.96 2251 25.71 18i0 3118 12.41 61.219 16.65 6.90 2285 26240 1812 2551 14.254 61.221 13.03 4.243 1.69 24.15 13815 2248 13.92 60-45 20.206 3265 1.91 25.62 1816 2064 12.¢6 63.53 17.98 3253 -90 22.441 1817 2781 134-20 61.2% 17-22 6.01 2234 25.57 1818 2664 13.66 63.93 17.98 3.253 290 22.41

1819 2232 14.02 60.89 20.21 3267 1.21 25.09 1820 2778 13.2190 61.30 17.24 °&26.01 2-34 25.59 SANTA CRUZ DE ARAGUA

1802 6064 55.92 1.G6 40.40 1.10 1.52 43.02 : 1804 6138 54.86 1.25 42259 228 1.03 43.89 1805 5711 56.07 1.14 41.73 205 1.02 42.79

13808 5717 57291 1.C7 33.83 - 79 1.49 41.02 | 181i 4038 57.13 2 9T = =34230 6219 1-41 41.90

1815 4316 51.38 43.40 2255 035 1.83 4.73

1816 4575 56/9 1.7) 38-43 1.16 1.92 41.51 | 1817 4699 58.18 »65 37.257 1.15 2234 41.16 1818 3984 58.06 ©&3 32.73 6.00 22.38 41.11 1822 4824 46246 72&1 42.206 209 1.78 45.94

| | | PART ITI--TABLE 5 433 7 : | | TABLE 5. FPGPULATION BY RACE (CONTINUED) , YEAR TOTAL wWHITc INDIAN PARDO NEGRO SLAVE BLACK | |

SANTA INES DEL ALTAR 7 1779 65 4282 44. €2 332385 16.92 £0.90 50.77 7 oe 4

| 1802103 10452835 18.27 17.231 51.92 7269 4.81 64.42 : ©: _ £803 162.50 73.79 3.88 0.00 77.67 ~~ 1804 104 0S6& 28285 642.42 3-85 1.92 70.19 -

1805 137 2292 10.22 84.67 2619 =$\YUeO0 85.86 a , | , :1806 121 12.40 81.82 830.00 £483 83447 | | 1810. 90 #413 0.00 12222 87.278 0.00 87.78 |, |a.

181i —6B6 CO 9.00 d172 44) «2820560600900 00) 82656 ,a - 1813|OO ~~ 1819 20N 0.00 91.00 0.00 0.00 91.00 ; 339 5260 20.06 49.285 24.48 0.00 174.34 :a | |oo oe i820 310 6013 15.248 51.29 26.77 0320 «678.39 oO | | 1825 358 4o%7 25270 689255 0.00 28. 69.83 | |

| , ,oe a SANTA LUCIA / a 1184 2197 14.02 24.03 13.06 134220 35269 61.95. Oo

1787 2179 15.88 17.53 22.17 6001 38.41 66.59 | |- |:1802 2878 22.48 10.67 32.49 2.71 31.65 66.85 ee| | 1803 2733 17.82 10.57 36.55 4.54 30.52 71.61 1804 3100 20.35 9.413 25.61 7284 36.06 70.52 : - 1805 2688 14.32 17.19. 31-25 3.87 33.37 68.49 | |, , 1808 3381 20.91 11.59 28.13 665% 32.483 67.49 = 1809 3385 20.89 11.40 28.39 6653 32.79 67.71 || || eo |a 1811 3520 21.34% 9.89 30.45 3.15 35.17 68.78 . 181625947 3262— 21.03 6.93e7l 32.53 a| ._13817 Bee db1 48.423256 424535.96 13.91 72.04 66.78 | | a

1818 2858«|25.19 $1.05 31.497293 2-890 39-4773292 73276. |. 1819 2899 417.41 Be oT 322638 33.31

; SANTA MARIA DE iPIRE | | |

| | 1783. 31657 33.97 5449 19.83 59.29 | | _ | 1798 1039 1286 30.33 2.02 G.14 36.78 16280 14.07 67.65 , 1803 1347 28.14 2445 39.12 15.81 14.48 69.41 a a

| | SANTA ROSA DE LIMA | 7 |

1802 285034.85 36233815.63 11.093.38 8.46 38.274 84 52.204 1803— 3019 36.57 4. 4.57 49.52 ,SO

| 1804 285037.33 365.88 11.09 8.48 38.4638.21 38.74 5.08 4.84 52.04 >| |/:, 1805 2853 (10.90 51.77 ~ 1807 2926 36.281 10.29 — 9223 31.34 lz. 3% 52.90 . |

| , — 1808 23893 37.88 102.75 10.47 28.41 122648 51.37 © — | oe :| a. ,| a1809 4378 292637219, 72323 35.45 24.463.05 32413 63.04 . 1810. 4563 30.273 35259 —23245 62.0% , a , i815 4174 31.69 8-15 31.00 25.78 3e4726-61 60.25$3.10 © | 63.02 | | 1615 4649 29034 7264 33432 | «BLT 4683.0 28.83.4648 «3640025 «22.31 830412 66.69 1819 4574 232834 4.57 49.903 22.37 4.20 662.59 ; ) 1820 4574 28054 4.257 40203 22237 4.220 66.59 ;

434 PART II[--TABL= 5 | | TABLE 5.2 POPULATION BY RACE (CONTINUED) YEAR TOTAL WHITE INDIAN PARDGQ NEGRO SLAVE BLACK SANTA TERESA DE JESUS

1783 854 14.17 15.93 12.18 62.79 50.94 69.91 1786 814 12.65 17.69 14.86 2209 52-70 69.266 1787 857 11.75 17.97 14.235 6.18 49.71 70.25

1738 877 11.52 18.59 13.91 6.04 49.94 69.90

1804 1902 20.24 11.78 12.41 14.25 41.32 67.98

| 1805 1742 20.21 13.20 12.69 15.10 38.81 66.59 1810 1915 22.98 11.223 i3-11 16.97 %35.72 65.80 1811 1812 22.35 10.98 12642 16.67 37.58 66.67 1815 1364 15.54 9.-§3 16.28 18.48 40.18 74.93 1816 1352 19.30 9284 13.254 15.16 4+2.16 £0.86 1817 1423 19.54 72-73 #13277 #%16.37 42.559 72.73 1820 1497 22.65 5.01 11-36 17.64% 43.35 72.54

SARAKE .

| 1807

17795 1200 16.92 24.75 41.33 13.92 3208 58.33 13802 2510 13.86 12.35 45.29 26.73 «76 73.78 1804 2666 14263 12.287 46.02 25.77 ofl 72.51 1805 2223 16.87 13.81 61.45 6-07 1.80 69.232 2439 14.06 12.234 47.36 25.46 1/8 173.460 | 1808 2666 14463 12-87 46.02 25.77 oti 72251 | 1809 2666 14.63 12.87 40.02 25.77 ofl T2251 1819 2859 14.65 12-73 44.253 26265 1.2.40 72.58

1811 2666 14.63 12.87 46.92 25.77 efl 72-51 1817 2323 19.67 20.258 57.99 259 1.08 59.75 1818 2778 15.73 19-54 61.20 1.33 1.80 64.33 SIQGUIiSTQUE

1802 3983 8.41 69.02 15.44 5232 1.81 22.57 13803 4094 8.8% 67.76 15.75 5.291 12-73 23.40 1804 3310 9.67 64.80 17.98 5220 2236 25.253 | 1805 3407 10.95 63.69 17.79 5225 2232 25436 1807 4083 11.81 63.-€8 20.38 1.25 2289 24.252 | TACAKIGUA DE MAMPORAL 1784 673 9.06 22 82 5294 $15.16 67.01 88.11 1803 696 5.246 1.Cl 22-87 $%&17-10 73.56 93.53

1804 713 5-05 2-81 3209 15.57 73649 92.15 1805 599 56.01 » &f 7235 11.85 74.212 93.32 1806 580 6.35 3.10 202% 134645 74.83 90252 1807 562 1.30 2221 5216 12-10 73.213 $90.39

1808 558 6.09 2-51 10-22 7.17 74.01 91.40 1811 455 6.59 1.10 11.87 9.23 71.21 $2.31 1816 519 6.9% 1-35 20.62 17.92 53.18 91.71

1809 544 4.96 2.39 11.76 7254 $%173235 92.465

, | PART TI--TABLE 5 435 : TABLE 5. POPULATION BY RACE (CONTINUED) YEAX TGTAL WHITE INDIAN PARDO NEGRO SLAVE BLACK —

| 1818 502 5458 = 30 5914034 16.93 59.56 90.84

, — TACATA | |

1820, 570 606T = 40 04 «16649 18.95 53286 89.30

1783 742 668710.52 1660423.97 3122729.55 14.02 31.81 77.09 | 65.51 | 1799. 1093 2.65 33.30 , . 1802 13811804 21.87 23.39 21.51 5.43 27.81 54.74 1425 10.25 38.81 21.61 3.409 26.25 50.95 1805 1453. 9084 4036675 22.64 3.17 27.60 53.41 1812. 1457 27.04 16613 31.02 2.633 23.47 56.83

1813. 1677) «29.64 $650 34.13 1479 27.55 60.47 |

1817 1721 1257 34232 28.40 10.23 17-21835.85 33.99 1.51 19.81 54.42, 1818 070 21691 58.45 | ||

«2181S 1747) «29.14 13.51 37.21 240 19.75 57.36 1820 2218 25.25 16.14 39.54 245 18.62 58.61 1821 1863 32.05 16622 26.03 1645 24.15 51.64

| TAGUAI — | | 1802 1915 39627 72642 35.472 2666 14.93 53.32 1803. 1745 35.64 7668 37694 2.35 16.39 56.68 1804 1840 36636 9.84 15.33 21.03 1805 1868 36.19 10.01 15.31 20.88 17.61 53.80 1810 2214 38648 9462 16.17 21.423 14.50 51.90

17.45 53.80

| | TAPLPA 1803 588 7682 5.27 7.48 68 78.74 86.90 1804 663-7639 = 6 4 = 4) = 3017) «76017 «85.97

640 To6U 6656 7019 4622 74.37 85.78 | 1806 560 1805 5054 661 6607 76.61 i807 539 5.19 5.01 5418 7.05 4.45 78.2987.86 89.80

1808 485 7684 3609 5677 454 78.76 89.07 1811 426 10033 4-93 4.69 5616 74.88 84.74 Lb12 403 lei? 5021 4622 4471 74.69 83.62

| 1816 366 7665 10.93 8674 62401 66.667 81642 —68.54 83.71 | 1817 356 8.7L 7658 38699 6618 1818 409 9254 12.96 8.07 8631 61.12 77.51 1819 417-0 39.12.23) 4056) 13243 61439 79.38 | | 1820 364 7.42 10.71 8-79 6-04 67.03 81.87

| 1825 320 7eSi 4-669 19.06 11.88 56.56 87.50 |

TARIA ,

1803-262, 1.91 «©9002 00s 96656 ©6000-1453 9809

TARMAS ,

1808 335 000-2039) 85067 «8606 = 30 28S 977 OL ,

| 1802. «513. 858) =o 4B. 23220 «507 =56.73 84.99

436 PART ITI--TABLE 5 , TABLE 5. PGPULATION 38Y RACE (CONTINUED) © | YEAR TOTAL WHITé INDIAN PARDO NEGRO SLAVE BLACK

1803 493 6229 5.48 25.17 5.07 57.00 88.24

1805 467 8.738 6.42 25.98 1-71 56.210 84.80 1807 506 9.49 4.55 29245 4035 52-17 85.97

1808 486 8.85 4.32 29.84 3.91 53.09 86.83 , 1810 533 364% 60.19 23.33 2025 54.78 854.37 1811 538 7295 5.76 29.55 2242. 544.28 86.25

1815 502 7.77 3.559 24.50 6097 S7217 88.65 1817 557 bed? 2051 239444 5.21 54.22 88.87 8.66 23.73 54033 86400 1815 5.34 529 7227 22462095 30.62 5210 54.44 90.17

| 1816 527 8275 2066 23.65 5.50 54.45 88.61

, 1818 543

1820 504 6.35 2.58 28.37 4.96 57.74 91.07 1829 513 14.04 0.00 62.57 0.00 23.39 85.96 , TEMERLA

1802 544 4.0% 9.00 $5.59 0.90 237 0 =©95296

1893 476 4.83 0.00 $5.17 0.00 0.00 95.17 , 1804 479 3.13 0.CO 96.87 0.09 0.00 96.87 1805 457 3223 0-00 96.28 0.00 244 96.72

1806 470 3.19 0.00 95.38 0.00 43 96.81 1807 499 3.21 0.00 96.59 0.00 .20 96.79 1808 470 3215 0.00 $6.38 0.90 243 96.81 1819 546 55 0.00 95.45 0.00 0.00 99.45 1817 663 4022 0.90 $5.63 0.00 215 95.78 1813 935 4249 0.00 94.55 0.00 296 95.51 1819 716 4.19 0.00 95.67 0.00 214 95.81 1820 591 4.74 0.CO 92.39 17 2020 95226 1821 622 4.59 0.0O $3.41 0.00 2.03 95.50

TINACE .

i771 2053 53.63 4.72 34.05 293 6.67 41.265 178i 1782 58.31 0.00 35.19 290 5.61 41.69 1787 1798 57.29 2250 34.2432 61 5.28 40.21 1788 1662 57.5¢ 4.69 31.35 1-44 4.99 37.79 1790 2311 39.8i 3.16 51.71 1.25 4.07 57.203 1791 1786 53.53 5.77 33.293 1.06 5.71 1794 2294 51.66 3.75 37.88 ~96 5.75 44.59

, 1795 2288, 1796 47.772246 3.80 41.26 48.44 3.781-18 41.545.959 93 5.3048.43 47.77

40.71 © ,

, 1798 2327 49.38 2275 41.43 1.07 5.37 47.87 , 1799 2276 49.17 3.03 40.20 1.89 5-71 47.80

| 1800 2285 48.80 2-80 40.35 2258 1801 2258 49.07 2-66 41.05 1.825647 5.4)48440 48.27 1802 231i 49.03 2-64 35.01 7053 5280 48.33 1803 2518 46.239 2250 37.17 7239 = 55s 4511211

1304 2577 47.23 2244 35.97 7095 6640 50.33 1805 2627 47254 2047 35.239 7216 6643 49298 1806 26090 46.89 2057 374647 7606 6410 50.63 i807 2695 45.97 2252 38.92 6072 5.286 51.50 1808 2608 46255 2049 39.230 6.33 5.33 50.296

18il 2491 41.63 32.05 43.92 6.58 4.82 55.232

oo | a PART ITI--TABLE 5 437.

, , a TABLE 5.2 POPULATION BY RACE (CONTINUED) , oo , , , YEAR TOTAL WHITE INDIAN PAROO NEGRO SLAVE BLACK

an a 18121816 2573 46637 2.91 43.88 1.28 5.56 50.72 a | 2065 52464 3449 36.385 0.00 7.02 43.87 | 53.413.02 © 3.23 0.0045.89 7.93SO 43.36 © , ,1817 , 18191981 2118 51.09 38.4835.44 0.00 7041

So oe 1820 2513 49-82 4.50 38.56 0.00 7.12 45.68 Bo | , 1821 02971 «845610 = 5 250 43659 = =©60000 0 6606) 49265 — .

1822 2984 46.15 4.93 42.49 -7447.49 5270 ,48.93 co OO | 1823 3373 45.95 6.55 38.60 22-08 6682 , 7 1824 3306 46.346.455 6.C8 38.60 38.84 2.08 2.12 6462 47.58 , 1825 3373 45.95 6.82 47.49 OO , 1826 3606 44.07 5. 44 41.249 2222 6.279 50.50 , , 1827 3620 44.81 5.19 409.83 2.38 6.80 50.00 — : 1829 3637 44.73 4.6240.38 41.38 2.13 2006 6284 8660 G0 50634 Be oe 1830 3524 45.52 5014 49.35 , , | | a | 0 - i831 3527 45.99 5.210. 40-40 2230 . 6-21 48.91 : . ,

_ 1832 3574 =46.28 4.70 40.35 2255 6.13 49.02 , —7 , —=«1834 =64156 648620 = 4 48 37295 5229 4.09 47.33 48355682 458650.09 47.033.57 4.32238.17 39.474.77 5.628 3.9046.34 48.65— , aee1836 3240 , 1837 6362 41.70 4.24 40.30 10.30 3.46 54.06 _

Be — TINAJAS , a , ,

| | , 1781 1175 11.215 32.6889.67 79.83©. ,Z, 180192-02 920 9.83 243.22238 70.22240-717 2072 16674

, 1802 1138 1053 5e22 1.623 738.35 2.751.49 12635 9364588.84 © Oo ,— | , , 1803 8.70 2646 75.75 11.60 1804 1146 4.805.71 1.752-19 75.33 5250 12.13 93.46 ce1805 1051 75.74 4.66 11.70 92.10 , , , 1807 1142 3450 0.00 8432 96.50. oo 1808 1093 3.02 0.0079.42 87.658.76 #£0.00 9033 96.98: ' 7

,on , 1809 1001 3.30 0.200 87.81 0.00 8.89 96.70 — ,!,_ 1810 1198 3.01 (02.00 89.32 0.00 7218 96.99 | - — 181L «613030 3622. ~69 87.72 °&®0.00 8.37 96.09 | 1813 1257 ' 6. 36 — ~@ 16 80.33 5.81 | 6. 84 93.248 _ | : oS 1818 —6 759 Be 2S 0.00 9).-25 0-00 — 62 46 96.71 , i |

. 18191820 . 193° —2all 0. UU .a ©,. | 715 3.08 0.0033.173 81.967269 8.535280 6.4397.23 ~—96.92

, , 1821 1113 3.23 0.00 74.93 5.648 16.635 96.77 — a

, , TINAQUILLG : oo , , 1781 = 847) 22.55 = 1665 «670.96 8690.00 4.84 75.80 | a oo

aL788 1787)1043 8 =61133)0 22.4270.09 32838286 71.34 3572.67 1.50 73.70 | Oo /CO 23.30 4.C3 1.73 7 , . oo 1790 — 1051 (25250, 4.09 66.222 1214 3.04 —©70641 ) -- |, ,, a 1791 1055 27-430 3-13 67.901 1.14 1.42 69.57 _ . 7 oe 17921794 1141, 26.21 3.07 67.84 1.05 1.84 70.73 - oo |, | 1139 21204 2037 67.59 1.40 1.49 10.59 17951121 113925.69 27.042-50 20327 67669 1240 1.49 70.59. ,, ,a,a1796 68.78 98 2.05 71.81 ~ , | 1798 ; 1177 25266 2255 63.48 1.10 2021 71.79 , , ,

, _ 1799 1097 28.26 3.19 65.00 1.19 2.37 68.55 , ,

438 PART Ti--TABLE 5 ) TABLE 5. PUPULATION BY RACE (CONTINUED) YEAR TOTAL WHITO INDIAN PARDO NEGRO SLAVE BLACK

1800 +1080 26.85 22.50 65285 1.20 2259 170.65

1802 1131 26.75 20561.38 6724%6 1.06 Ze1l2 70.65 | : 1303 1163 24.16 3-2 68.79 2e41 72.57 1804 1231 29.57 3.01 63-661 1.4.30 2252 67442 1805 1261 26.80 4.36 64.79 1.74 22-30 68.83 1806 1149 29.33 2279 64.93 1.0% 1.91 67.89 1307 1308 26.45 2-68 67.239 1.07 1.91 70.87 189081256 1321 26.72 1.06 1809 36.312&5 3-1167.08 57.88 161-89 2.55170.63 60.59 18il 1313 41.58 22-67 53.77 216 1.22 55.75 1812 1319 41.55 2-65 53.258 91 1.21 55.80 1815 1408 30.18 22-13 66.62 014 °92 67.68 L816 054 69.15 70.62 L817 1654 1478 25.88 29.573251 1.29 68.250 67.73 01.57 34 1.08 : 1818 1880 30.43 1.€5 67.07 243 °43 67.93 1820 2619 26.38 2-82 67.20 1.34 2025 70.79 1822 1S21 43.31 4245 48.10 1.25 2286 52.21 1823 2752 42.19 4225 47.06 0.00 6-50 53.56 13836 3253 23.206 1.57 3435 31 1.32 74.98 TOCUYI TO

1803 1705 26.86 2649 45228 2235 23.211 70.73 13804 1743 26.26 2035 45.78 2029 23.29 %¢1.37 1805 1792 26428 2051 46.237 2-01 22.82 %1.21 18i2 3295 16.51 258 49.39 070 32232 82.91 1816 2248 153.21 2200 45.73 3220 35.285 84.79 TUCUP TCO

| 1783 486 0-0VU 100.00 Ue V0 0.00 J-00 0.00 1801 1827 18256 37.93 32.95 1.20 9225 43.240 1805 1953 18.43 37.2£€&4 1.64 32.31 9.78 43.73 1809 2383 17-25 35.233 37.14 1.09 92-19 47.42 TUCUPIDO CDE GUANARE

1803 3532 33.298 11-01 40.12 9.37 5252 55.201

1804 4236 41.41 8.13 39.59 5-297 4.30 49.86 1805 4236 41.41 8.13 39.259 5.97 4.230 49.86

1807 4488 44.595 7238 40.64 4.223 3-16 48.04 13809 4957 36.90 8.33 456.58 5241 2-68 54.77 1810 9292 41./6 4282 47.215 3280 22-48 53.242 : 1817 2537 39.50 72.53 45.09 4.93 22-96 52.98

TUC UR AGUA | |

1802 435 3245 1.61 77.24 1-15 16.55 94.94 1803 425 6235 0.00 76.47 1.18 16-00 93.65 1804 263 1.22 Q0.CO 72.62 2066 17-49 92.78

PART ITI--TABLE 5 439

: TABLE 5. PGPULATION BY RACE (CONTINUED) | YEAR TOTAL WHITE INDIAN PARDO NEGRO SLAVE BLACK

1805 409 3.67 0.00 79.71 1.47 15.16 96.33 13807 351 3279 0. 00 80.91 41.214 14.25 96.30

1808 406 3.94% 0.CO 80.79 22-96 12.232 96.06 , 1809 405 3.495 0.00 80.99 2072 12.35 96.05

| 1812 1816 293 i.71l 0.00 809.55 0.00 17.75 98.29 153 0.00 0.00 82.35 1.31 16.34 100.00

TUREN ,

1778 — 418 13.216 57.89 26.56 22-15 224 28.495 1301 1004 21.77 21.51 23.11 16.04 7257 46.271

| 1811 786

1808 6éi1 43.06 1.2311.81 1-51 45.80 18092522 81336260 525%17.50643 31.86 037 ,644.03

1810 2464 34686 15.83 45.82 1.99 1.50 49.31 24605 26672 45.29 3-044 51 49.24 1812 770 26.88 29.74 40.78 1.0% 1.56 43.38 1816 752 31225 38456 30.19 0.00 0.90 30.19

,

TURIAMO ©

, , 1802 181 2.21174 0.00 10.50 $7.7998.28 , 1803 1.72 0.00 2076 10.92 84.53 2030 85406

1804 204 1.47 0.0) 16.18 98 81.37 98.53 1805 212 1.89 0.00 14.62 2-36 81-13 98.11 1808 239 1.26 0.00 16.32 72-53 74.99 98.74

1818 326 2eld26.89 0.00 15.64 80.67 97.85 : . , 18i9 264 3.03 0.00 5.30 1.53 64.77 96.97

| TURMERO

1781 6918 43.00 20.C3 28.77 0.00 8.20 36.96

1802 7529 32.20 18.279 28.30 4.05 16.66 49.01 1803 7679 32.60 19.77 28-64 4.52 14.48 1804 8065 32.35 19.69 23.61 4.87 14.45 47.92 1805 8079 31.49 19.89 28.62 5.04 15.05 48.71 1306 7661 7908 27.27 30.91 21.68 20.85 26.91 1808 26.63 5.01 5.73 16.33 18.69 48.24 51.05 1309 7359 26646 22.29 26.74 5.235 19.16 51.26

47.64 ,

i811 7764 27.36 22.90 25.21 5.31 19.23 49.74 /

URACHICHE , ,

L782 1350 22.00. 33.41 34.37 2200 8.22 44.59 1788 1345 214.94 31.52 45.65 0.00 7.88 53.453 1802 1663 5641 24.95 69.37 3.255 5.71 69.63 © 1803 1742 5.85 24.63 58.78 4.59 6.14 69.52 1804 1719 6063 24.9) 57.88 4013 6246 68.47 1805 1899 4.43 29.8) 56.88 2.32 1807 1865 6060 23.81 58-66 4.45 62459 69.60 1803 — 1691 Seid 26 56 50.27 52909 7.33 62268 13809 2275 11243 21.219. 59.37 2273 4079 67.238

1810 2238 Jeio Z2iz85 60246 32.84 4.69 68.99 18il 2269 8.2/3 21-82 61.038 3.270 4.67 69246

62.52 85.73 ,

440 PART TI--TABLE 5 _ TABLE 5. PUPULATION BY RACE (CONTINUED) |

YEAR TOTAL wHiTt INDIAN PARDO NEGRO SLAVE BLACK |

1816 2485 9.99 20.26 65.22) 1.29. 3-26 69.75 1317 2099 9290 21.77 62.22 4.05 2295 69.222 L318 2234 7630 22.07 57.25 7225 6.13 70.64 1819 2457 7649 222434 56208 8247 5262 70.17 URAMA

1802 696 2.01 0.00 65.99 24.43 8.48 97.99 1304 700 2286 0.00 63.29 192.43 %9.643 $7.14

, 1806 a3 2409 0.00 65477 23.39 8.24 97.31

13807 652 337 0.00 63.25 20.71 72.61 98.63 | 1808 679 2-15 71.9417.04 18.66 6.87 i8103228 157 2.25 53 T74ell 6-08 97.2396.57 }

, VALENCIA | | 1318 4590 dead 0.G)0 389.1i 02.00 9.278 98.89

18149 478 21 0.00 &9.75 0.00 10.04 $9.79 1820 485 3ei5 O2.00 63.30 20.21 11-34 94.85

1782 1237 42.20 22&3 41.40 255 12.96 54.91. — 1802 {O19 35.03 289 47.37 2252 14.15 64.08 1303 6758 32.05 1.27 43.37 3261 14-659 66.68 1804 6222 32.00 1.72 43.37 3257 14.24 1805 6571 322.16 3-88 45.49 4289 13.59 63.96 1808 6574 32.414 3288 45247 4.88 13.63 63.98

66.68 :

L899 1034 36.1% 2015 43.06 22.26 16.39 61.71 ,

1812 7745 834203 22.26 43.74 Z2e21 17.75 63.71 1815 1662 21.34 92-55 459-50 20-01 17220 68.72 1816 7559 21.36 10.11 48.94 2.53 17.06 68.53 1819 B895G 21.75 92-55 49.13 2.389 i16.62 68.69

VALLE DE LA PASCUA |

1804 1510 32.72 7202 35.69 0.00 23258 60.26 — 1805 1605 32.02 8.10 38.63 0.90 21.25 59.88 1806 1649 26.63 8.37 43.24 0.00 21.71 64.95 1808 1726 27.387 13444 36.50 0.00 22.19 58.69 1809 2000 27-750 19.20 33.15 0-00 19.85 53.00

| VILLA Dre CURA

17890 4453 46.37 1.91 409.00 2.83 8.40 51.22

7 L796 4280 659.241 1.15 13.05 1-43 14.95 29.44 1802 4525 43.225 3234 34.63 3.82 14.96 53.41 1303 4623 47.91 5202 23430 3.07 20.70 47.07 1804 4498 46.33 11.254 23.50 2278 13.85 40.13

} 1805 4720 44.70 2245 37.06 of2 14.28% 52.65 | 1807 4523 38.58 2.55 41.79 °80 15.85 58.43. 1808 4793 39.25 4.77 38.72 3.25 14.01 55.98

1805 4314 32.50 4eS6 33.03 2657 26294 62.54 1811 5359 33.16 4039 45642 2659 14654 62.246

PART TI--TABLE 5 441

| TABLE 5.2 POPULATION BY RACE (CONTINUED) | YEAR TOTAL WHITE INDIAN PAROOQ NEGRO SLAVE BLACK

i816 3532 30263 8.89 41.385 0-00 18.63 60.48 1817 3414 52.75 60.71 29217 0.00 11-36 40.54% , 1822 4496 42244 4223 38.08 0.00 15.26 53.434

YAR ITAGUA 1782 2744 35213 8.328 47.254 0.00 9215 56.49 .

1802 1898 21.%4 72-O0l 283240 34.35 8-80 71.55 1803 2157 19.98 5.593 29.21 35.84 9.04 174.208

1804 2164 19.92 5-91 292.25 35.81 9210 74.17

| : 138051807 29224597 21.283 4.89 23.37 37.37 12.653 73427 | 19.206 2272 31-839 40.35 5.98 78.22 i808 5359 19.22 2-43 36.63 37.08 4.65 78.35 L809 5359 19.22 2043 36.63 37.08 4.65 78.35

1810 5359 19622 2643 36.63 37.08 4.65 178.35 L8il 512% 19.287 2230 37.22 36.26 4.35 77.83 1812 4625 20232 2-14 365443 36.54 4.56 77.54 1816 5704 10.245 1210 84.595 1.67 1817 5408 13.99 2.259 68.45 5247 4249 18-42

2219 88.45 1818 5579 20.206 3.98 68.26 3246 4.25 75.96 1820 9775 25.213 3-17 61.65 5266 4.35 71.65 :

442 PART LI--TABLE 6 TABLE G. POPULATION/ECCLESIASTIC

YEAR ECCLESIASTICS POPULATION POP/ECC YEAR ECCLESIASTICS PUPULATIGN POP/ECC

1820 l0751 751.00 ACARIGUA 1821 732 0.00 1778 0 935 0.00 AGUACALIENTE

18021i 25495 2221 2221.00 | 1803 2549.00 1803 i 5C7 507. 00 1804 l 2570 2570.CO 1804 . 509 0.00 1805 i12525 2525.00 1805 9054E4 36 0.60 1808 2563 2563.00 1806 0.00 1809 1 25€3 2583.CO 1807 9 548 0.00 1810 1 2302 2302.00 1818 i 375 379.00

1812 1829102326 987 2326.00 0.60 1819 9 354 0.60

| | ALPARGATON 1804 0 239 0.00 ACHAGUAS

1780 l1104 156 156.00 1805 99 183 227 0.00 1801 0.00 1806 . 00 1804 0 2513 0.CO 18C7 9 216 0.00 1806 00 1238 0.00 1818 ,).191 0.0.00 00 | 1809 1922 0.00 1819 156 1811 2 2475 0.cO 1820 9 346 0.00 AGUA BLANCA ALTAGRACIA DE ORITUCA

1779 i0527 527.CO 1783 ol $688C7. $68. 50 00 1801 587 0,00 1802 2 . 1615 1802 9 557 0.60 1803 3 1652 550.67

1803 0 920 557 0.00 0.00 1806 1804 24 1803 1785 901. 446.25 1804 9 50 1805 9 717 0.00 1807 3 1865 €21.67 1808 i 7$5 795.CO 1809 2 21938 969.00 1812 L | BE4 884.00 1810 195 952.50 1815 0 804 0.00 1811 2 1900 $50.00 1830 0 769 0. 00 ALTAMIRA

1783 1 352 352.00 1781 1 1906 1906. 00 1802 0 1213 0.00 ANTIMAN3 | AGUA CULEBRAS

180300746 10630.00 9.001811 0 1286 0.60 1804 1805 001209 9.00 1819 2 1176 588. CO 1807 881 0. 00 1808 0 954 0.00 APARICTION | 1809 0 1007 0.00 1811 0 855 0.00 1802 aL 2373 2373.00

1812 00 6E1 788 0.00 1803 li 2331 2331.00 1815 0.00 1804 3388 3388.00 | 1817 9) 4C8 0.00 1805 1 3098 3098.00 1818 10 568 634 568.00 0.00 1808 00 1819 18091 13297 27423297. 2742.00 1810 1 3178 3178.00

, , 443 -

TABLE 6. POPULATION/ECCLESIASTIC (CONTINUED) oo YEAR ECCLESIASTICS POPULATIGN POP/ECC YEAR ECCLESIASTICS PUPULATIGN POP/ECC

1811 1L2454 29912454.00 2391.001804 1803@)9 G22 925 0.00 1812 0.00 1805 an?) 907 0. 00

APURITO 1807 3) 9CT7 0.G0 1809 7) 919 0.00 1802 y 446 0. CO 1806 0.00 ARICHUNA 1807, a)Q4C7 545 0.00 1801 5890.00 0.00© ARAGUITA 1804 ZY))855

1784 1 , 8&4 884.00 AROA , 1802 Obél 0.00 1803 0 581 0.900 1802 1 1588 1588.CO , 1804ane) 0 576 0.€0 1805 111462 1462.00 1805 504 0.09 18C7 1468 1468. 00 1807 l 611. 611.00 1808 L 1573 1573.00 1810 *)1 563° 0. CO 1809 l 1458 1458.00 1811 479 479.00 1817 R) 566 0.0 1812 1 391 391.00 1818 l 1389 1389.00 1816 | ) | 455 0.00 1819 1 453 453.00 - ATAMAICA ,

ARAURE | 1780 i 133 133.CO 1802 ) 336 0.0 1778 L2841 2841.00 1798 ) 7528 0.00 AYAMANES 1799 9 7704 0.0 1802 0) 524 0.CO 1800 ?) 7835 0.00 1801 ») 2668 0.00 1803 ) 462 0.00

1802113120 32E53130.00 3285.00 1804 0425 4830.00 0.c0/ 1803 1805 O1804 _i 2876 it 2664 2604.00 1807 *) 0 621 0.00 1805 2876. 00 1808 634 0.00 , 1808 1 3061 3061.CO 1815 1 6 33 633.00

1809 2.00 LARGO 1810 9)oO 31673134 0.00 BANCO 1812324229 32121409.67 1606.001809 1805fe)9 1164 1364 0. 9.00 | 1829 00

1811 e) 3444 9.60 , ,

AREGUE BARBACOAS DE LOS LLANOS ,

1802 i 7C4 704.00 1782 9 1321 0.00 | 1803 L 852 852.00 17823 ok L714 1714.00 1804 Ll 783 753.0 1802 1 2558 2558. C0 1805 l 658 668.00 1803 9 2384 9.00 1809 980$38.60 0. 00 1805 18041| 3i10 a 2716 0.00 1815 it°)338 3110.00 : 1809 Q 3241 0.00

, :ARENAL?S ne) 3056 0.900 , , a 1811 1810 1 3045 3045.00

1802 %) 902 0.00 ,

444 PART II--TABLE 6 TABLE 6. PUPULATION/ECCLESIASTIC (CONTINUED) YEAR ECCLESIASTICS PUPULATICN POP/ECC YEAR ECCLESIASTICS POPULATION POP/ECC

1818 0 i67C9 0.00 BARBACIAS DEL TucuYO 1819 6757 6797.60 1820 9 6824 0.00

1802 91 537 6060.0u 606.60 1803 BARUTA 1804 1 660 600.00 1805. 11 6621 631.00 1802 1l 2046 2046.C0 1806 30 630.00 1803 2109 2199.00 18C7 i 642 642.00 1804 l 2124 2124.00 1808 L 673 663.00 673.00 1865 jl 2066 2066.00 1809 1 658 1811 1 2025 2029.00 1810 i , 748 748.00 1816 g 1155 0.00 1812 Lo 604 604.00 1817 i 1545 1545.00 1815 11 702 702.00 1819 222659 1329.50 1816 634 634.00 1820 1710 855.00 1817 | 1 766 766. 00 1818 11, 775 649 649.00 BAUL 1819 775.00 1820 i 775 775.00 1781 L2026 538 2026.09 528.00 1802 1 BAR QUISIMETD 1811 1805 2l L76u 1760.00 2666 1333.00 1779 54 8776 162.52 1812 l 2223 2223.00 1815 6 12596 2099. 33 1815 1i 1997 1560 1560. C0 1816 1997.00 BARQUISIMET9, MITAD1825 DE(1) 1817 L 2273 2273.00 1 2645 2645.00 1802 23 5189 51672594.50 1722.33 1829 1 lo75 1675.00 1803 1804 2155$5 2847.50 BOBARE 1805 5324 5324.00 1807 2L 5992 297 287.00 1808 60432956.CO 5043.00 1779 1802 1®) 580 0.00

1809 22 63E2 3191.00 1803 ”)0 5589 80 0.00 0.00 1810 55 93 2596.50 1804 18ll 116439 6439.60 1805®) 9 541 0.69 1817 5909 5609.00 1806 541 0.00 1818 2 4544 2272.00 1808 0 553 0.cO0 1819 11 4529 4490 4529.CO 4490.60 1811 1820 1820 a9 815 468 0.09 0.60 BARQUISIMETO, MITAD DE(2) BOCOND ,

1802 44 5972 54101493.CO 1252.50 1795 1778 11 2504 20642504. £061.60 1803 C0 -:1805 1804545962 59061192.40 1476.50 1798 1796 9 Q ,2186 9.090 2705 0.00 1807 3 5930 1$76.67 1799 1 2400 2400.00 1808 34 5628 5532 1876.CO 1383.00 1800 1120€2 2€62.C0 1809 1802 1727 1727.60 1810 3 5628 1876.CO 1803 1 2012 1811 4 6653 1673.25 1804 2 19562012.00 $78.00

1817 2 6933 3466.5) 1805 2 2263 1141.50

| 4G

TABLE 6. POPULATION/ECCLESIASTIC (CONTINUED)

YEAR ECCLESIASTICS POPULATION POP/ECC YEAR ECCLESIASTICS POPULATION POP/ECC

1806 2l 1918 959.00 , CAGUA | 1807 2141 2141.00 1808 2 1690 845.00

1810 l 1468 1468.00 1781 1802 l255C6 4717 5506.09 2358.50

, BORBURATA 1803 2 44912331.50 2245.50 | 1804 2 4663 1803)09 754 655 9.00 0.CO1806 1805224668 4456 2334.00 2248.00 1804 1805 ®) «736 0.001809 1808 l24581 4499 4581.00 2249.50 1806 0 | 761 0.00 1807 0577 779577.CO 0.00 1811 2l4256 2148.00 1818 l 1815 3520 1819 l 664 664.00 1816 1 3436 3620.C0 5436.00

| BURERITO 1817 2 3986 1818 2 1693.00 3912 1556.0

1803 i ‘1118 1118.60 1804 l 1121 1121.00 1802 0 250 0.00 1807 i 990 990.00 1802 1 L101 1101.00 CAICARA DEL ORINOCO

1809 l 1148 1148.00 CALABUZO

BURIA 1780 21802 3448 1724.00 7 4678 668.29

1779 l 453 453.00 1803 10 4761 476.10 1802 1 765 785.00 1804 19 4739 473.50 1803 l 731 731.00 1805 10 4820 482.60 1804 li 723 723.00 1807 78 4133 590.43 1805 819 819.00 1808 3911 488.87 18C7 1 840 840.00 1810 5 3765 753.00 1809 L 737 737.60 1812 5 2939 587. £0 1810 — l 936 936.00 1817 3 19€5 661.67 1811 1l 1035 1035.CO 18182 21427 1554713.50 777.00 1817 788 788.00 1822 1818 l 837 837.00 1819 . 997 0.co CAMAGUAN

CABRIA 17891801 1 739 739.00 ) 900 0.00 | 1802 0 2c0 0.00 1802 ®) 866 0.00 1803 212 177.00 0.00 1803 a)01072 0.0.60 00 1808 10 177 1804 1088 1812 Jl L1C7 CABRUTA 1817 11371107.60 0.00 1780 1 219 219.00 CAMATAGUA

1806 L 226 226.00 | 1808 0 3€2 0.00 1783 l 2263 2263.00 1810 1 445 445.CO 1802 1 |l 2151 1803 21282151.09 2128.0 1804 1805 11 2305 2111 2305.00 2111.00

446 PART LI--TABLE 6

TABLE 6. PUPULATION/ECCLESIASTIC (CONTINUED) | YEAR ECCLESIASTICS POPULATIGN POP/ECC YEAR ECCLESIASTICS POPULATION PSP/ECC

1806 11 2111 2111.00 1808 39 6251 208.37 1808 2111 2111.00 1810 30 6393 213.10 1811 1 1657 1657.00 1812 33 5246 158.97 1815 3 2113 264.12 CANOABO 18161817 12111765 147.08 2082 189.36 — 1781 1 1122 1122.00 1818 il 2151 199.18 1788 i01081 10$21081.60 0.00 1819 1802 182010 Ll2267 1955 220.70 177.73

1803 4 1041 1041.00 | 1805 0 1134 0.60 1804 1 1063 1063. 00 CARACAS-CANDELARIA

1806 00 1150 1220 0.0 0.001802 1800 ®) 3353 0.00 1807 17 3538 208.12 1808 101194 i11S4.00 1803218 17 3349 197.00 1809 1214 0.00 1804 3573 198.50 1810 l 1037 1037.00 1805 20 3543 177.15 1815 0 839 0.00 1806 20 19 3927 3700196.35 194.74 | 1817 0) 554 0.00 1808 1819 1 1287 1287.00 1809 21 4040 192.38

1820 L 1310 i310.¢0 1811 20196.45 3339 166.55 | 1815 11 2161 CAPAYA 18161817 9 2725 302.78 10 2670 267.00 1784 l 1252 1252.00 1818 g 2577 286. 33

1802 00 1376 11550.00 2.001820 181910 3 2514 314.25 1803 2447 244670 1804101355 1356 0.00 1821 8 2451 306.37 1805 1355.60

1806 l 1442 1442.001494.00 CARACAS=CATEDRAL URIENTE 1807 1 1454

1808 l11104 1456 1104.00 1456.CO1802 1801 54 43 46C5 107.09 1809 4652 86. 89 1811 0 1173 0.00 1803 59 4488 76.C7 1812 y) 11350.00 0.001805 1804 50 51 4874 4541 89. 04 1817 0 903 97.48 1818 l 1013 1013.00 1807 AT4755 4487111.51 95.47 1819 1 1041 1041.00 1809 43 1820 1 1060 1060.00 1815 1811 21 522358 4598112.29 88.42 CARABALLEDA1817 181621282885 243137.38 88.68

1802 1804 09)1190 10570.00 0.001818 181932 372756 33008612 89.19 | CARACASALTAGRACIA , CARACAS-CATEDRAL PONIENTE |

1796 39 5774 6241156.C5 160.031803 180238 483821 3475100. 72.40 1802 37 82 1803 37 5957 161.00 1805 48 3791 78.98 1804 40 6451 6418 184.21 160.45 1808 1807 107 111 38861 3853 35.67 1805 35 36027 | 1807 45 6179 137.31 1810 108 3970 36.76

44,7

TABLE Ge PUPULATION/ECCLESTASTIC (CONTINUED)

YEAR ECCLESIASTICS POPULATION POP/ECC YEAR ECCLESIASTICS POPULATION POP/ECC

181i 105 , 3898131.17 37.12 1811 22 6470 175.79 294.09 1815 18 2361 1815 is 3340 1816 33 3139. B2.él 1816 1418 3703 264. 50 , 1817. 23 3157 137.26 1817 3556 197.56 1818 21 13 3188. 3226 248.15 1818 16 4005 4056210. 253.59 1819 151.81 18iy 19 79 , 1822 17 | ,2652 156.00 1820 20 4089 204. 45 1822 14 4255 306.79 ~~ CARACAS-CURATG CASTRENSE

1803 , 3 91 320. 33 , : 1804 2 1092 546. C0 1779 9 , 2181 9.00 1805 2 1259 629.50 1799 1 372 372.00 CARAMACAT=

1807 3 ,3245 1081.67 180i ®)v)4Z1 9.Co 1809 2 2033 1016.59 1802 568 0.00 1810. 3 1084 361.33 1803 L 642 642.00 , 1811 4 1215 —— 303.75 0 1804 0 512 | 1805 550 0. 0.00 00

| , 18C7 .) 473 0.co

CAR ACAS-SAN PABLO 1806 0 5 32 0. 00

1799 §824 228.6 — 208.09 , 0.00 1801 28 26 5947 713 1809 18110e)620 526 0.9

1802 45 6287 139.71 1812 ay479 0.60 1803 2200 CO 5919 | 184.97 1817 | 316 0.00 1804 34 5728 168.47 1818 ) , (252 9.00 1805 31 6613 213.32 1819 i 327 327.00 1806 36 61C7 169. £4 1822 J 252 18C7 36 6420 i738. 33 1823 im) 209 0.00 Q. C9 |

1808 24% 5843 243.46 1828 90 272 221 0.00 0.00 1809 24 4772 1598. 83 1829 181029 32 5330 , 5951.183.79 187.22 1832 1831 90 289 0.cO 18il 287 9.00 1815. 21 —668 61 326.71 1833 3 279 0.00 1816 28 4) 6247 155.43 1834 0 202 0.60 1817 6869 245432 1835 Q 355 0.60 1818 2h 8215 3291.19 1836 9 380 J. GO 1820 25 , 7574 302.66 1837 J 405 0.00 1838 %) 4 39©0.| G0 CARACAS~SANTA ROSALIA , , 1795 ll. 4676 425.9 1736 10 506S 506.50 1802 il 7&3 783.00 1798 12 4652 391.00 1804 650 650.00 1799 12 4622 385.17 1865 a1 674 674.00 1802 | 24 5082 211.75 1807 674 674.00 1803 32° 5165 161.41 1808 1 674 674.00© , 1804 29 5140 177.24 1809 i 674 «674.00 18905 2i5451 5025227.212 239.48 1810 1 674 674.00 1806 24 1811 L 673 673.00, 1807 24, 5440 5388286.4 224.50 1817© li G11 $11.60 1808 es) 32 1813 1040 1040. 00 | 1809 25 5467 218.68 1819 i = 872 872.00 1810 , 29 5448 272.40 1820 1 951 $51.00

| | | CARAYACA |

448 PART LI--TABLE 6

, TABLE 6. PUPULATIGN/ECCLESTASTIC (CONTINUED) | YEAR ECCLESIASTICS PSPULATIGON POP/ECC YEAR ECCLESIASTICS POPULATION POP/ECC

1833 5) 1692 0.00 1805 1 i2141 2141.00 1806 2154 2154.00 CARORA 18081809 l 2114 2114.90 l 2063 2083.09 1802 4 4859 1214.75 1812 q) 1272 0.60 1803 6 5318 886.33 1815 l 1289 1289.09 1804 656132 55&41022.00 1116.80 1816 Q 1398 0.00 1809 1817 1 L4C5 1405.90

1815 6 5595 $32.50 1818 i 1405 i405. CO 1819 1 8il 811.00 CARUAD 18201829 1 1332 1332.00 1 1647 1647.00 1815 9 562 0.00 CHACAS CASIGUA 18021803 4 2035 508.75 5 2103 420. 60 1780 Q 2555 0.09 1804 5 2155 431.00 1805 3 2048 682.67 CATA 1808 2 2014 1007.00 18115 42006 2091401.20 522.75 1803 0 518 0.00 1815

1811 a) 543 0.09

1804 1805 00 523 547 0.09 0.00 1818 1819 12 2238 20€5 2238.00 1042.50 CAUCAGUA CHAGUAR AMAL

1784 l02422 2422.00 1783 ®) L6C7 0.00 1802 1864 0.00 1804 L 1903 1903.00 1803 18001835.00 1800.00 1805 l 1965 1985.00 1804 1l 1835

1805 l 1842 1842.00 CHAGU AR AMAS 1806 1 1850 i 850.00 1807 17831 22365 23022365.00 1151.00 1808 191797 15611797.00 0.00 1802

1809 7) 1440 1635 0.00 0.00 1804 1803 23 2439 24191219.50 806. 33 1811 ”) 1812 9 15¢5 1674 0.00 0.00 1808 1805 11 2818 2471 2818.00 2471.00 1816 0 1817 ”) ) 1357 0.00 1810 1 2852 2852.00 1818 13C5 0.00 1819 1 1512 1512.60 CHARALLAVE 1820 ) 15$5 0.00 1783 i1853 818 818.00 CERRITO 1802 0 0.69 1803 ) 1814 1779 1 3344 3344.001805 1804 9) *) 1625 1454 0.00 0. 00 0.00 CHABASQUEN 1806 9)1538 «1482 0.00 1807 1 1538.00 1802 11 2089 2089.00 1808 0) 1630 0.60 1803 2103 2103.00 1810 0) 1944 0.00 1804 1 2131 2131.60 1811 0 2143 0.00

, 449 TABLE 6. POPULATION/ECCLESIASTIC (CONTINUED)

YEAR ECCLESIASTICS POPULATION POP/ECC YEAR ECCLESIASTICS POPULATIUN POP/ECC

1815 11 1840 1840.00 1808 ii 2036 2036.C0 1816 2083 2083.00 1809 1954 1994.00 1817 1 2070 z070.00 1811 1 2012 2012.00 1812 1 1738 1738.C0O.

,1782 CHIVACOA 1817 0) 1641 0.00 1818 9 1642 0.00 1 2029 2029.00 1820 0 1641 0.00 1802 11318 10791318.00 ic79.00 1821 9 , 1852 0.00 1803 1 1804 0 —«443— i300 9.00 1371.00 —COJEDES 1805 1 , 1 1311 1311.00 1807 9 1408 0.GO 1779 1808 00 1631 0.C0 1799 11, 1664 1737 1664.00 1737.00 1809 1585 0.00 1801 1810, l11760 1802 9 1928 0.00 1811 1688 1760.CO 1688.00 1803 1 1780 1780. 00 1812 1l 1929 1654 1929.00 1694.00 1805 1804 11 1815 1779 1779.00 1815 1815.00 1816 1 , 1914 1914.00 1806 1 1922 1922.00 1817 1 | 1871. 1871.00 1807 L 18S7 1897.00 1818 1 1864 1864.00 1808 1 1855 1895.00 1819 1 13808 1808.00 1811 1809 l 91924 1924, 60 L471 0. 00

CHORONI 1812 0 1512 0.00 1816 0 1546 1802 1 1546 1546.00 1817 0 1529 0.60 0.00

1803 l11542 1542.CO 1818 0Q1555 0.00 1804 1519 1519.CO 1819 1513 0.00 1805 l 1451 1451.CO 1820 ) 1466 0.00 1808 11 1539 1539.CO 1822 )012389 0.00 1809 1551 1551.00 1823 1136 0.60 1819 9 851 0.00 1824 9 1094 0.00

1829 0 11740.00 0.00 CHUAG 1831 Q 1178 1144 0. G0 1802 ,0 1833 325 0.0091834 0 1131 0.00

1803 1348 329348.00 329.001836 1835gJ 1240 1213 0. 0.00 1804 l 00 1805 1 356 356.00 1837 9 1260 0. G0 1819 0 3934 9.CO 1838 9 1251 0.00

- 1781 COCOROTE CUA Ll 2112 2112.00 1783 1 153i 1531.0

1782 1")1861 20711861.00 0.00 1803 212555 1277.50 1788 1805 2273 2273.00 1791 l 1761 1781.C0 1810 2 3084 1542. C0 1794 9 20C7 0.00 1812 — 1 3181 3181.00 1802 90 2132 2029 0.00 0.00 1816 1815 09 2972 2679 0.00 0.00 1803 1804 1Ll2038 20272638.00 2027.001820 18181l 30C7 3290 3007.00 3250.00 1805 1807 1 2118 z118.00 1821 1 3136 3186.00

450 PART LI--TABLE 6 TABLE 6. POPULATIGN/ECCLESIASTIC (CONTINUED)

YEAR ECCLESIASTICS PJPULATIGN POUP/ECC YEAR ECCLESIASTICS POPULATIGN PGP/ECC

CUBIRE : CURICPE | 1802 9 746 0.00 1784 1 1360 1360.00

1303 Q 7560.00 0.001804 1803991363 i920 0.00 0.00 1804 ) 749 1805 °)Q858 8970.00 9.001806 1805 9 2040 0.69 1806 l 2138 2138.00 1807 0 849 8650.00 0.001808 1807*)) 2172 2129 0. 0.00 1808 0 09 1809 0 869 0.c0 1811 ") 2220 0. 00 1810 °) 876 0.00 1812 0 2320 0. 00 1815 00 875 720 0.00 0.601817 1816901463 16180.0.00 1816 CO | 1817 Q 889 0.60 1818 *) 1654 0.09 1818 .)a804 0.00 1819 001759 0.0.C0 0U 13819 797 0.00 1820 18$5 1820 9 770 0.60 CUYAGUA ,

1802 1l 456 471 456.00 471.00 1780 1 353 393.00 1803 1804 1 452 452.00 “UPTRA 1805 l 493 493. 00 1808 1 453 453.00 1784 l.)858 858.00 180931461 497153. 497.00 1802 582 0.G0 1815 67 1803 o. 573 0.00 1804 9 547 0.00 DIVINA PASTORA DEL JOBAL : 1805 0 512 0.00 1807 0 496 505 0.00 0.00 1798 1781 11 2876 20362876. 2036.00 1808 0 C0 1809 0 465 0.00 1799 1 2876 2876. C0 | 1811 9 576 0.00 1801 02 2702 26071351.00 0.00 1802 CURARIGUA 1803 l 2741 2741.00 1804 i 2369 2369.00 1802 0 1310 0.40 1805 i 2586 2586. CO 1803 1 974 $74.00 1806 1 2680 2680.00 1804 0 |866 0.00 1807 1123C7 2307.00 1805 0 1079 0.00 1808 2470 2470. 00 1866 0 873 0.00 1809 — 0 25 86 0.00 1807 00917 8720.00 0.001815 1811 0 2376 0.00 1808 l 2420 2420.60 1809 l 913 913.00 1816 9 2486 0.00 1810 9 1049 0.00 1817 1 2555 2555.00 1816 001291 0.60 1818 1 2258 2258.00 1817 1297 0.00 1819 O 3999 0.00 1818 Q 1053 0.00 1820 i 2983 2983.00 1819 1245 0.00 0.00 1824 1822 1l 2723 1820 09 1287 1979 2723.00 1979.00 CUNAVICHE

1825 2109 1760.00 2109.00 1829 il |1760

451 TABLE 6. PUPULATISONR/ECCLESTIASTIC (CONTINUED)

, YEAR ECCLESIASTICS POPULATION PigGP/ECC VEAR ECCLESIASTICS POPULATION POP/ECC

1830 1| 0, 1735 17351735.00 0.90 1803 : | l1438 | 1464. 1438.00 1832 1804 1464 09 1833 1 1612 1612.00 1805 1 i53L 1531.C0 1834 1 1620 1620.00 1807 111595 1555.00 1808 , 1577 1577.CO DUACA 1809 l L577 1577.00 1779 10551 551.00 ] il01545 1545.CO 1802 4 88 0.001812 1820 1325 , 0.00

: 1811 1 1554 1654.00

, 1803 oO - 429 0.00 1804 0 429 ~~ 0.CO0 EFL HATILLO 1807 ) 5617 0.00 1802 11 1070 1C70.00 1808 0 80 0. 00 1803 | 1070 1070.00 1809 9 604 , 0.00 1804 .) 1183 0.00 1810 0 616 0.00 1805 0 1347. , 1811 1 652 692.00 1806 %) 1524 —0.00 0.00

3805 9 555 v.00 |

1815 11 487 487.00 1808 1e) 1645 1645.00 1816 541 541.00 1815 1727 0.000.00 © 1818 ) 977 0.60 1818 0 1413 EL CALVARIO EL PAO —

1783 |11653° 653.00 1781 1 i3327 3327.00 1802 1262. 1262.00 1791 4i51 4151.00 1803 1 1264 1264.00 1792 l 4006 4006.00 1804 4 1410 13421410.09 1242.0017S6 1794i 1—4446 4446. 00 1805 1 4575 4575.00 1808 725.50 1798 il 4894. 4894.00 1812 2, 21451 1862 $26.00 1801 9 4715 J. 00 1802 l 4548 4548.00 EL CONSEJ9 1803 1 5105 5105.00 1804 1 5564 5564. 00 1781 1 2115 2115.00 £1805 L 5833 5833.00 1795 Ll 25C3 2387.00 2503.C0 1809 180382.1 5820 5386 5886. 00 1796 1 2387 2910.00 1802OQ 0 2820 0.00 181i 22 62S 3145.59 1803 2925 0.09 1812 5428 2714.00 1804 a 2985 9.00 1815 2 65C8 3254.09 1805 30070.0.00 6631 3148.50 6631.00 1806 ,Q»)2917 GO 1816 1817 i2| 6297

13807 02938 29082.00 0.CO 1818 2 5762 2891. 60 1808 0 1819 1 5017 5017.00 1809—~O 0 2698 0.60 1821 115671 5671.00 18ll 2740 0. 00 1823 77C5 7705.00 1817 ») 3117 0.09 1824 — 1 7919 7910.00 1818 0) 3245 | 0.001826 1825l ,l6326 61686326.00 6168.00©> , 1833 2603 9.00 1827 i 61657867.00 6195.00 , EL GUAPD | 1829 l 7867 1835i, 3739 1 84218739.00 8421.00 1784 2 462 241.00 1836 1802 1 a 1232 1232.00 1837 1 9205 % 205.00

452 PART YI--TABLE 6 TASLE Ge POPULATION/SECCLESIASTIC (CONTINUED)

YEAR ECCLESIASTICS PIPULATIGN PCP/ECC YEAR ECCLESIASTICS POPULATIGN POP/ECC

| 1838 i 93d%6 3386.00 1818 818.C0 181922(1636 1651 825.50

| FL RAST29 1820 2 1832 °16.C0 1807 l 1929 1629.00 ESPINO

1810 1 1395 1395.00 18il 1 1463 1463.00 1804 9 588 0.00 1812 1 1246 1246. 60 1807 1 LOLS 1019.00 1817L21016 1104 552. C0 1822 i 016.00 GUACARA

EL SOMBRERO 1781 1 §) 3089 3080.00 1802 4588 9. 00 1781 9) 2046 9.00 1803 L 5015 5015.00 1733 2179.09 1804 1. 15351 5391.00 © —1803 1802l32179 i3260 30S1 3091.09 18¢5 4728 4728.00 1086.67 1808 L 4925 2529.50 4925.00 1804 1 3502 3502.00 1816 2 5059 1805 1 3557 3557.00 1809 £202. 50 GUADARRAMA 18102 45&5 2 4749 2370.00

1811 3 4740 i580.C0 1820 ) 1327 0.60 EL TOCUYS GUAIGUAZA 1802 55 9173 1834.69 1803 9)) 673 734 0.00 0.00 1803 9416 1383.20 1804 1804 5 9281 9469 1856.20 1893.601806 1805l a551 6625S$1.0C0 OQ. G0 1805 5 1806 7 9527 9226 1587. 1218.00 1807 @) 6480.J.C0 00 1807 6 83 1818 ~) 452 1808569637 35 33 1588.83 1819 0 556 0.00 1809 1927.40 1810 GUAMA 1812669613 96781602.17 1613.00

1815 S 9424 1047.11 1781 l12257 2257.00 1816 19 97 36 973.60 1794 2786 2786.0 1817 9 9452 1054.67 1803 0 32490 3.60 1818 7 9331 1333.00 1804 $) 35$2 0.CO 1819 12 4 10919 2129.75 1805 0 3263 0.00 1820 10049 837.42 1807 1 3219 3219.00 © 1 3406 3406.00 EL VALLE 18091808 1 3262 3292.00 1810113464 32593464.00 3259.00 17S8 3) 1016 J. 00 1811 1802 3 1232 410.67 1812 l 3271 3271.C0

1803 32 1416 1297 472.00 648. 501818 18172)0 2713 2954 0.00 0.00 1804 1805 23 1528 764. CO1820 1819 09 2573 2129 0.00 0.60 1809 1562 527.33 1815 3, L615 538.33 1816 2l 17$5 1817 22¢3 1795.00 1101.50

453 TABLE 62 PS3PULATION/ECCLESTIASTIC (CONTINUED)

YEAR ECCLESIASTICS POPULA-TION POP/ECC YEAK ECCLESIASTICS POPULATION PCP/ECC

1811 1 2534 2534.00 GUANARE 1812 i 2601 2601.00 1816 1 2460 > 2460. 00 , 1788 #) 8282 0.00 1791 a .07533 0.000.00 GUARENAS 1792 8009 1802 12 13410 1117.50 1784 1 2333 $2333.60

1803 16 11040 690.00 1802 , 222901 4450.50 — 1804 ll 100 80 916.36 1803 3025 1512.50 1807 5910803 2160. €0 1804 >223050 29991525.00 1499.50 1808. 11454 1272.67 1805 1809 4 7800 110251560. 2756.25 1808 33 1860 620.00 1810 5 GO 1809 2666 888.67 18i1l 5 3757 1459.50 1811 3 3212 1070.67 1817 2 6790 3395.00 1816 3 2611 870. 33 GUANARE VIEJO GUARICO 17738om L 465 C01804 1803l 12000 20342000.00 2034.00 1782 927465. 9.00

1801 )0 1339 L3620.0.09 1805 00 1908 1832 9.09 0.00 1802 00 1806 1803 )y)1583 0.00 18C7 Q-0 1379 0.Cd9 , 1804 2220 9.00 1808 1838 0.00 1805 0) 1976 1514 0. J. GO 1809 0) 19530.0.00 1806 CO 1810 v 21€2 00 , 1807 . ) 1709 0.00 1812 0 2114 0.090 1808 0 1594 3053 0.60 1815*) 2) 2248 2225 9.00 0.00 181i 0 0.0 1816 1813 4) 1516 0.00 1818 1817 0) 2336 2361 0-00 0.00 GUANARITO 1819 @) 2493 0.00 1820 QO 2704 0.00 1773 1 962 $62.60 1801 0 )1802 9.000.00 GUASGUAS 1802 1816 1803 )2)3003 32640.0 0.01803 1802223444 35551722.C0 1797.50 1804 1805 9 3058 0.00 1804 2 3325 © 1662.50 1807 00 4501 5159 0. 0.00 1805 21 3519 1759.50 1808 00 1806. 3303 3803.00 1810 0 4574 0.00 1807 1 3814 3814.00 1811 9 /4752 0.00l1808 1 3878 3878.00 1809 4059 4099.60

GUARDATINAJAS , 1810 L 3845 3845.00 1780 L 475 475. 00 GUATIRE 1805 11 2239 2239.00 1802 17842i 2224 1342 1112.00 i¢42.00 18C7 2284 2284.09 13808 23622344.00 2363.00 18C5 1803 1L225% 1809 112344 2177 2254.00 2177.00 |

1804 L 2228 2228.00 , 1810 l 2253 2253.00 18C7 2 2065 1022.50

454 PART LTI--TABLE 6 , TABLE 6. POPULATICN/ECCLESIASTIC (CONTINUED)

YEAR ECCLESIASTICS POPULATION POP/ECC YEAR ECCLESIASTICS PUPULATICN POP/ECC

1809l 2329 l 2065 2065.00 1811 2329.C0 HUMOCARO 3aJ0 1815 2 2160 1980.00

1816 ) 2343 2 1739 1739865. 869.5) 1817 0) 2452 0.00 0.00 1803 1804 2 50 1806 l 1422 1422.00 GUAYABAL 1807 L 1570 1570.60 1808 l 1946 1545. 00 1804 9) 1492 0.00 1809 l 2152 2152.00 1817 0 1522 0.00 1810 1815i 2188 l 1707 2188.00 17C7.00

GUIGUE 18161817 l 1788 i788. 00 1 1780 1780.00

1781 11 24 32 2646.00 2432.00 1819 1818 1l 1729 4729.00 1802 2646 1480 1480.00 1803 2 2041 1320.50 1820 l 1513 1513.09 1804222735 26551367. 1327.50 1805 50 IGUANA 1808 2 2975 1487.50 1809 2 3083 1541.50 1783 l 139 139.60

1817 2 2846 1423.CO1802 18010®) 310U.00 0.00 323

| GUIRIPA 1803 0 342 9.00 1804 0 295 1802 1 994 994.00 1805 0 305 0.60 0.00 1803 i 544 944.00 1806 4) 3€2 0.00 1804 H SS] 991.00 18C7 0) 330 0.00 1805 1 1014 1014.09 1806 a 920 0.00 LA GUAIRA

1807 11015 998 $98.60 1808 1 1015.00 1802 87 4055 506. 87 1809 l 1058 1658.00 1804 3269 467.00 1811 9) 1004 9.00 1805 1807743526 3198 503.71 629.60

HUMOCARO ALTO1810 18096 63267 3272544. 545.33 50 1802 1 2559 2599.C0 1811 12 3317 276.42 1803 L 2636 2536.00 1815 7 1319 259. 86

1804 i12912 2912.00 1816 65 1964 327.33 1805 2758 2758.00 1817 2714 542.80 1806 1 2748 2748.00 1818 5 2989 597. 80 1807 1 2714 2714.00 1819 4 2384 721.00 1808 l 2470 26582470. 2658.00 1820 6 3005 500.83 1809 1 C0 1810 1 2208 2208. C0 LA GUAIRA, CURATO CASTRENSE 1815 il 1397 1397.00 1816 1813 1813.00 1802 11 280 310 280. 310.00 1817 1 1834 1834.00 1803 00 1818 1 1794 1794.00 1804 1 457 457.00 1819 ll 1808 1612 1868.CO 1612.00 1805 1820 1807 11 665 782 665.00 782.00

, 1808 1 541 541. C0

455 TABLE 6. POPULATION/ECCLESIASTIC (CONTINUED)

YEAR ECCLESTYASTICS POPULATION POP/SECC YEAR ECCLESIASTICS POPULATION POP/ECC

1803 1 2388 , LA SANTISIMA TRINIDAD 1804 1 23882388.00 2388.00

| 1805 i 2388 2388.00 — 1780 O 567 0.00 1806 l 2388 2288.00 1802 1 1959 1959.00 18C7 i 2388 238400

| 1803 111950 1$50.00 1808 i 2388 2388.00 1804 17238 1728.00 1809 l 2388 2388. C0 1805 L 1744 __ 1744.00 1810 L 2388 2388.00 1807 11 1154 11621194.00 1162.60 1811 1 2388 2388.00. 1808 1809 1 1173 1173.09 LOS ANGELES 1811 111206 1780 1i 4195 419.C0 1812 939 1206.00 939.00 1803 452 452.00

,

1810 1 1074 1074.00 : |

: 1804 l 476 476.00 , LA VEGA | 1805 l 483 483.60 _ , 18C7 i 474 474.60

1802 222194 —1162.50 1097.00 1808 ll475 476,09 1803 , 2325 1809 92 $20.60 18C4 L2285. 22112285.00 2211.00 1810L 1Lol. G27 927.00 1805 1 #18l1l 10i1.00 , 1809 22 1116 558.00 1812 l 967 $67.00 1810 1052 —-§ 262 C0 1816 *) 946 0.00 181i 1 , 960 $60.00 1817 1 1012 1912.00 1816 1 , 845 845.00 LOS ANGELES DE SETENTA 1818 1 1 739 739.00 1801 Oo ALLS QO.0.00 UV , 1819 731 731.0 1805 O 778 1820 1L ., 7al 711.00 1806@) 9 879 0.00 1821 . 720 720.00 1807 1956 0.00 1822 i 674 674.00 1809 9 981 9.00

1815 1 798 798.00 , , 1817 , i 737 737.00 ,

, 1823 i 653 653.00 , , LOS CANIZ9S

1802 9)9 832 0.00 1780 a 5310 0. 00 1803 Ble 0.00 1802 7 6220 - 886.57 1804 ) 822 0. 00 LA VICTORIA

1803 33 6627 6700 736, 744.44 1805 9) 775 0. 00 , 1804 33 1807 764 0.00 1805Li 8 6889 861.12 1808 04)829 0.0.00 00 | 1806. 6SS1 635.55 1809 838 1808 78 Fil? 1016.71 1810 l 949 S49. 00 1809 , 7172 85650 1811 9 876 0.00 1811 0 4655 8100 665.00 0.00 1813 0 9) 5 69 9.00 1816 7 1818 412 0.00 , 1817 7 , 4555 «665.00 1819. 0 452 0.09 1818 3) 4659 $31.69 1820 g 442 0.090 LEZAMA LOS GUAYSS , 1783 15642388.00 1564. C0 1781 ) 1242 0.00 1802 1i 2388 1795 | i 2592 2592.0

456 PART IT--TABLE 6 TASLE 6. POPULATICN/ECCLESIASTIC (CONTINUED)

YEAR ECCLESIASTICS POPULATIGN PUP/ECC YEAR ECCLESIASTICS POPULATION FGP/ECC

|

1802 i13612 40505612.00 4099.00 1823 2 1364 682.200 1803 1804 l 3317 3317.00 MAGDAL ENU 1805 2 3407 1703.50 1816 .) 3022 0.00 1802 0 2412 0.00

1803 90 2551 2710 0.60 0.00 LOS TEQUES 1804 1805 ”) 2518 0.C0 1796 0 2184 0.00 1806 0 2648 0.69 1799 9 2309 0.00 1809 0 1226 0.00 1800 i 2309 2309.00 1816 1 2798 2798.60 1801Q1 2773 24810.2481.60 1805 09 MAIQUETIA 1811 2 1995 $97. 50

| 1804 2 1563 781.50

18169 ,)2233 23550.00 0.09 1802 1796 11 1797 CO | 1817 14541797. 1654.00 MACAIRA 18051807 1 1630 1630.00 2 1770 865.00 1784 l 589 589.00 1811 1 1742 1742.00 1802 30 318 0.CO 1815l 31270 18171270.60 605.67 1803 303 0.00 1816 1804 00 259 280 0.CO 0.c0 1817 1l 18i7 13274917.00 1227.00 | 1806 1819 1807 l219 277 277.00 1808 9 0. Cd0.00 MAMPORAL 1809 0 210 1811 La 110 1784 i0521 621.00 1817 123110.00 9.00 1802 488 0.00 1804 9 487 0. CO MACAIRITA 1805 °) 557 0.00 1807 0,)558 541 0. J. 00 00 1805 0 264 0.00 1808 1809 00 512 «5210.00 0.00 MACARAD 1811 1812 "),)511 9.00 1802 1 1169 1169.CO 1816 274 0.00 1803 L 1113 1113.00 =1817 Q 274 0.00 1804 1818 93 255 318 0.00 9.00 1805 i11254 Li7>1254.C0 ii75.00 1820

1809 1 1250 1250.00 , 1810 1 1388 1388.00 1804 9) 486 0. 00 lell t 1172 1172.00 1807 4 466 466.00

1807 11 1240 12601240.00 1260.09MANAPIRE | 1808

1812 ii 1140 1140.00 1808 1 1471 471.CO0 1815 1217 1217.69 1810 521 521.60 1816 i 1291 1291.00 1817 221098 549.00 MARACA 1818 10S4 547.60 1819 22 113i 1131565.50 565.501803 1778 1 8731747.00 873.00 1820 1 1747 1822 2 1185 592.50 1804 l 1636 1636.00

| | | 457 | TABLE 6. POPULATION/ECCLESIASTIC (CONTINUED)

YEAR ECCLESIASTICS POPULATION POP/ECC YEAR ECCLESIASTICS POPULATION PGP/ECC

1805 ¢) an?) 1935! 0.00 1806 1 2624 2624.00 1806 1719 0.00 1808 0 2665 0.00 1807 | 1 1748 1748.00 1810 9 | 2718 0.00 1803 0 1464 © 0.00 1815 ar? 3018 0.00 , 1809 Oo 1505 0.00 1817 6) 3372 0.00 1810 1817 9| )1418 6 38 0.00 0.00 1818 1820 00 2831 3746 0.00 0.00 MARACAY , MORON : 1782 1l 5504 5564. 001805 1804@) 0 297 0,00 1796 7933 7933.00 a 302 0. 00 1802 & 8210 1368.33 1806 ®) 302 0.00 18035 58966 83741793.20 1674. 80 1807 ) 337 0.CO 1804 1818 QO. 347 0.00 1805 6 8374 1395.67 #1819 0 334 0.00 | 1808 8 8502 1062.75 1820 0 —« 1818 21 3396

, 1811 y) 791 0.00.

MONTAL BAN , 1816 11 550 550. C0 1817 . 666 666.00 1781 a 1525 1525.002273-00 1822 > 2) 510 0.00 1802 1 2273 | , 1803 1l 2624 25602624.00 2560. CO NIKGUA | 1804 1865 1 2565 2595.0 1781 2 3304 1652.00

458 PART II--TABLE 4 TABLE 6. PUPULATICN/ECCLESIASTIC (CONTINUED)

YEAR ECCLESIASTICS POPULATION PEfP/ECC YEAR ECCLESIASTICS PUPULATIUN PGP/ECC |

1802103174 30903174.00 0.00 1810 | 12019 2019.60 1803 1813 1975 1975.00 1804 2 3182 1591.00 | 1805 2 2814 1407.00 OSPINOoe 1806 2 2856 1428.00 18071 14288 2816 2816.00 1802 2 6021 3010.50 1808 4288.00 1803 2 6067 ~~ ~=——3033. 50 1809 1 4069 4069.00 1804 2 6375 3187.50 1810 1i 3357 4668 3357.00 4668.00 1806 1805 23 6767 6419 2139.67 1813 3383.50. 1817 : 1 3311 3311.00 1807 2 6862 3431.00 1819 L 3258 3258.00 1808 2 7102 3551.C0 1820 1l 3079 32683079.00 3268.001810 1809 2 7277 3638.50 1821 2 7251 3625.50 18li 3 5673 1891.00— OCUMARE “DE LA COSTA 1817 2 5506 2753.C0 1802 2518.60 PANAQUIRE 18031l2518 2035 2035.00

1804 li 1514 1514.00 1784 21464 232.060 1805 2226 2226.00 1802 9il 911.00 1809 ,) 1662 9.00 1803 1 8 36 836. C0 : 1815 1 1529 1529.CO 1804 z| B11 811.C0 1816 1i 1540 1540.CO 1805 1i 823 829 823.00 829.00 1817 1549 1549.CO 1807 1819 11 1327 1154 1327.00 1154.00 1809 1808 11 821 835 821.00 835.00 1820 1811 1 767 767.00 | CCUMARE DEL TUY 181201 553 797 7$7. 00 1816 0.00 1802 224103 2051.50 PARACOT95 1803 4141 2070.50 1804 1 4753 4753.00 1783 1 1848 i1848.CO

1783 2 2141 1070.50 |

1805 l148 86 4886.CO 1802 11 1889 1389.00 1810 4651 4691.00 1803 2065 2065.00 | 1811 4 3446 861.50 1804 1 1764 1764.00 1815 22 4029 1444 2014.50 722.00 1805 ©1l, 1966 1966. 00 1820 1806 2089 2089.00 1821 1807 _ 1O 2130 2130.00 1822223825 38431912.50 1921.50 1808 2197 9.00 1809 1 1631 1631.60

ORTIZ 1810 9 1757 0.00 | 1811 Oo 1903 0. 1780 1 1193 1193.00 1812 0 200200 0.0 1802 17001503.CO 0.00 1816 1803 191503 18179 01811 18410.00 0.00

1804 1l 1570 1559 1559.CO 1819 , il 1842 1803 1812.00 1803.00 1805 1570.CO 1820 1806 1 1775 1775.00 |

1808 1941 1809 0 11985 0.001941.00 1780 1 2008 2008.00

1807 1 1896 1896.00 PARAPARA

. oO . 7 : | 459 .

oe , TABLE 6. POPULATIGN/ECCLESTIASTIC (CONTINUED) , YEAR ECCLESIASTICS POPULATION POP/ECC YEAR ECCLESIASTICS POPULATION POP/ECC

(1781 i «1952 1992.00 1804 4 73 5213 1303.25 1782 ee a 2032 2032.00 1805 5231 1743.67. (1788 rs ne 6: 1978.00 1806 3 5354 — 1798.00. 18021L2219 , 20932219.00 2093.00 1817 181i 4Go , 543642 82 1370.50 ©© 1803 910.50 1805 2231. 2231.00 181946) 3279778. 546.50 18c71. 1 2330 2330.00 1820 - 3112 CO ,

1809. ee 2480 2480. 00 SO 18il Po 277B 277300 , : , 7 1810 , dl , 2585 2585.0 , PUERTC CABELLO, CASTILLG

OS 7 7 1801 fe) _ 523 0.CcO | , — PATANEMO , , 1802 O, BLT , 0.60 So a 1804 9 oO, O482 0.00 —, 1802 , 2) 462 0.00 1805 737 — 0.00 1803 0 Oo 469 0.—000.60 1806 O1072 0.00 — 1804 © ne 495 i) i 1062 1062.00 , oO 533 .—0.00 9.001809 1808 33 1198 399.33 — _1805 1808 0 513 1139 379.67 1818©a)Oo hl;0-00 io. (1441 1819 472 ~1810 0.00 1819 1 8521441.00 852.00 | ,

an Oo : 1820 s) 710 0.00 ,ee,—PAYARA SO 7 a rs ae | QUARA : a OS 1780 ee 908 908.00 oo , , ,1804 1802 , co 1075 0.00 1782 a) , 1057 0.00 0 1225 = 0.00 £1791 | 1 , 8C5 805.060

— -1805— Q | 1425 0.00 1802: 0., 703 715 0000-7 0.00. , 1806 0 Oe 14330 0.00 1803 OQ (1807) 1 1495 1495. C0 1804 Oo 7330 0 OO

1812a ee 1425 0.00 1805 0 BB 4T 0.00 J. 00 , OS 1807. a — 810 — , ee 1808 a , 907 0.CO , 0-00 | -PETARE , , oe 1809 , O BSL

1802 32 3840 © 1280.CO 1819 en 900 > 0-00 0.0 , 1803 (3875 1937.50 1811 oO 932 1804al14242 38994242.00 3899.001816 1815009385 , 930©0609 — 0.00° , ,1805 1806 a 4130 4130.00 il 947 $47.00 1807 2 4557 — 2278.50 1818 ee 1817 oe — 190C5 1005.00 — ‘isli 3 , 4349 $1449.67 1819 8) 859° 0600 1812 a ~—4548 909.60 a , SS- ,

«1815 20 3444 1722.00 QUIBOR ,, 1816 2B 4508 1502. €7 , a | 7 SO 181750 3 4374 1458.00 1802 oO 6805 0.60 | 7 (1818 3400 — 1133. 33 1803 L :- (6678 $6678.00

, 1819 —— 33854 : 36791284.67 1223.331805 1804 L i 6998 6998.00 © 7_ 1820 B00 7408 7408. 00 1821 «39621249.33 1320.67 1806 7406 0.00 © 1822 3, 3B Oo 3748 1807 Lo QO T7408 7408200

a , 1808 QO 8024 J. 00 , , | —, ,a: ,i —1812 0 , 84 0.00 , 1803 4906 © 4906.CO 181546 oO 8906 © 0.00 _

, PUERTO CABELLO © BS — -: 1810 1 9970 © 9970..00

460 PART L1--TABLE 6 | | TABLE 6. PUOPULATION/ECCLESIASTIC (CONTINUED) YEAR ECCLESIASTICS POPULATION POP/ECC YEAR ECCLESIASTICS POPULATION POP/ECC

1816 00 10004 87C6 0.CO 1805221089 616 308.00 1817 0.00 1803 544.50 1818 9 9780 0.00 1809 i 969 969.00 | 1819 0) 9276 0.00 1810 1 860 860.00 1820 a) 10161 0.00 1811 1 828 857414.CO. 857.00 1812 2 R19 CHICO 1815 i 588 588. 00 . 1816 1 572 572. C0 1802 l 869 869.00 1817 l 533 533.C0 1803 ll 999 914 $99.00 914.00 1819 1818 31 5509 569. C0 1804 83 194. 33 1805 1 1140 1140.00 1820 2 686 343.00 1806 l 1230 1230.00 18C7 1286.00 SAN CARLOS 1808l 1286 0 1330 0.00

1809 l ,1442 13421442.00 1342.001786 1781©13ll 7346 565.C8 1810 1 7578 688.91 1811 1 i575 1575.00 1787 12 7986 665.50 1812 0 1420 0.00 1788 11 8111 737. 36

1816 ) 1425 9.00 1791 13 87061041.44 669.69 1817 0) 1379 0.00 1796 9 9373 1819 9) 1417 0.00 1798 7853 785.30 179910 - 10 78 88 788.80 ,

RIO DEL TOCUYO1801 1800l10 82218316.00 822.10 @316 1802 lL 1887 1813.00 1887.CO1803 1802 13 12 3884 8805 733415 1803 1 1813 683.38 1804 1 1639 1639.00 180% 12 10476 873.00 1805 1 17i5 1715.00 1805 11 10845 985.91 1808 ®) 1769 9.00 1806 10 11225 1122.50 1809 4) 239% 0.00 1808 13 10846 834.31 1815 1 2386 2386.00 1809 10 10845, 1084.50 8 121281719.29 1516. CO SABANETA 18121811 7 12035 1816568190 7726 1638.00 1287.67 , 1805 ) 2125 0.00 1817 1808 Q3000 2383 0.00 1818 | 98 8700 966.67 1809 1 30G0.CO 1819 8389 1048.62 1810 3520 4057.00 3520.CO1822 182077 8354 8348 1193.43 1192.57 1811 1l 4057

1812 2385 2385.00 1823 7 7 7673 1816 l*) 2246 0.00 1824 6941 1056.14 991.57

1780 1 1072 1072.00 1781 1 754 794.60 !1796 1802 ") 1293 0.00 2 471 235.601804 1805 0Q925 837 0.00 0.00 SAN ANTONIO DE LAS COCUIZAS SAN DIEGO DE ALCALA

SAN ANTONIO DE LOS ALTCS 1803 a) 730 0.00

1802 455 1803 1 0504 504.0.00 C0 1809 0) 801 0.00

, 1804 1 505 505.00 | ,

_ | : 1806 0 2464 0.00

461 .

: TASLE 62 PUOPULATION/ECCLESIASTIC (CONTINUED)

YEAR ECCLESIASTICS POPULATION POP/JECC YEAR ECCLESIASTICS POPULATION POP/JECC

SAN DIEGO DE LOS ALTUS 1816 0 1832 — 0.00

1802 1 8441—844.00937.00 SAN FERNANDO DE CACHICAMO 1803 937 1804 ee |917 859 $17.00 859.00 1783 i0 420 420.C0 1805 L 1802 424 0.00 1807 1 1025 1025.00 1803 1 415 415.00 1808 1057 1206.C0 1057.90 1805 1809 11 1206 1806 1i 439 513 439.C0 513.00

1810 © 1Qo , 1232 1232.000.00 1807 1 503 503. C0 1811 1255

1815 1 1228 1228.00 SAN FRANCISCO DE CARA 1816 11461125.00 0.00 1783 , l 1169 1169.00 , 1817 101125

1818 11(1078 1078.00 1802 ol 1598 1508.00 1819 1132 1132.00 , 1820 2. 1198 599.00 SAN FRANCISCG DE TIZNADGS

SAN FELIPE. | 1780 11746.CO 2240 2240.C0 , 1782 ,1802 1801 1 1746 14 5020867.14 358.571803 1802l 12054 19 87 1987.00 7 6070 - 2054, 00 {

1803 5 45 5667 1133.40 180511, 2181 2181.00 1804 5 66 $13.20 1807 2368 2368.00 1805 5 5127 854.50 1808 l 2361 2361.00 a 1817 3 33067 1022. 33 1809 1QO 2423 2423.00 1818 3224 1074.67 1811 22 30 0.60 1819 , 3 3293 — 1097.67 1812 1 2465 2465. C0

1820 — 3 3381 1127.00 , 1821 3 2756 — $18.67 SAN FRANCISCO DE YARE

SAN FELIPE, MITAD DE (1) 1783 1 i299 1299.00 1802 l 1766 1766.00

1807 33 2861 953.67 1803 YY 1740 0.00 1808 2889 5&3. 00 1804 Q 1733 0.00 1809 4 2754 688. 50 1805 oO 1725 0.060 1810 33 2862 S54. 00 1811 1810 11 2152 2145 2152.60 2145.00 1811 2862 $54.00 1812 3 2025 675.00 1815 0 1334 0.00

J 1820 l 1835 1835.00 1807 1 2842 2342.00 1821 v) 2006 0.00 0.00 1808 1 2887 2887.00 1822 0 1958 1809 4 2838 2838.00

| SAN FELIP=, MITAD DE (2) 1818 . 0 1713 0.00

1810 1 28781) 2878.60 SAN JAIME . 1811 2877 0.00 , | | ,, 1780. i 1964 1964.00 | SAN JOSE , SAN FERNANDO DE APURE

1801 04)1575 35640.60 0.001781 1 10995 1099.00 1805

462 PART I{f--TABLE 6 TABLE 626 PUPULATION/ECCLESTASTIC (CONTINUED)

YEAR ECCLESIASTICS POPULATION POP/ECC YEAR ECCLESTASTiCS POPULATION £POP/ECC

1788 11 L727 1516 1727.0 1516. C0 1809 L 1628 1€28.00 1790 1810 1 1622 — £622.00 i791 : i 1727 1727.C0 1811 1 1568 1568. C0 1792 1 2102 2102.00 1754 1 2042 2042.60 . SAN MATED

—=17s5 9 2246 0. 00 | | 1798 0 2517 0-00 1781 1 2253 2253.00 1799 0 2517 0.00 1802 L 2216 2276. 00

1800 Q 2572 2535 0. 0.60 1803 ie) 2218 2218.00 1801 8) 00 180% 2254 0.00 — 1803 0. 2543 0-0 1805 lL 2286 2286.C0 1804 8) ¢) 1920 2560 0.00 0. 0018038 1806 i¢) 2281 2281.00 1805 | 2124 0. 00 1807 1 1624 1624.00 1809 Q 2415 0.00 ol 1625 1625.00 £1811 1i 1886 2508 2508. C90 OO1808 18il 1 1597 1597.0 1815 i886. 00 a 1812 1 1565 1565.00 1816 1 1873 1873.00 1815 |1i 1739 1739.00 1817 11 1930 1915 1930. 1915.00 1818 1624 1624.00 1818 00 1819 | a 1669 0.00 1821 1 2428 2428. 00

1822 ] 19S2 1992.00

1823 i 162 1692.00 SAN MiGUEL DE TRUJILLO

1804 1 719 719.0 | 1806 | 1 656 656.00 1803 Oo 571 9.00 1807 657 697. 1808 11 615 5S3615.00 593.0 1808 1818 i1| 2$1 291. C0 00

sO SAN JOSE DE APURE 1808 me) , 2343 0. CO 1802 0 559 0.00 SAN NICOLAS DE TOLENTINO

1809 i 593 593. C0 1820 442QO. 442.00 1821, )1437 00.

| 1803 SAN PEDRO 1802 0.) 1865 0.00 1994 0.0018il 1810 9 1021 1804 0 1938 0.00 e) L151 O-0.00 OO SAN JOSE DE TIZNADNOS

1805 i 1So7 1967.00 1816 6) e) 869 938 0.00 0.90 1807 1 2188 2188.00 1817 1808 i 2009 G0 , 1809 1 2088 2088.00 Caracas, 65; blacks in, 69; cutsigra-

Interracial marriages: mentioned, 86 tion 76; Carlos sale/female by | Ipire. See Santa Maria de Ipire race in,from, 79; San as a ratios gateway Islands: Venezuelan coastal, described, to, 93; sources for the study of, 115;

130 .See location of parishes in, 166; senIslenos. Canary Island tioned, 7, 13, 14, 20, 109 Izard, Miguel: estirgates of total Llanos of Apure: on gap, 21; described,

population by, 56 22 Llanos of Barinas-Portuguesa: on map, 21;

described, 22; settlerent in, 23; towns Jesuits: sissions of, 26; sources for founded in, 24 re | the study of, 117 Llanos of Calabozo: on map, 213; Joint Oxford-Syracuse Population Project: described, 22; towns founded in, 243

on household lists, 121 Franciscans in, 26; mentioned, 9, 23

Justice: administered through urban Llanos of Carabobo: San Carlos in, 89 |

network, 48 Lianos of Cojedes: San Carlos in, 89 Llanos of Maturin: on map, 21; described,

, King: 22;administers Franciscan sissions in, 24; sis- — eapire through urban sionary reports on, 30 network, 48; secalarizes San Carlos, Location: of households indicated in |

90; confers titie of Villa on San hoasekold lists, 33; Spanish concept of

Carlos, 91; orders relaciones individuals*, 33

geograficas, 119-120; his order to Location codes: for census returns, 170-

prepare Type IIIofcensuses reproduced, 171 | maps 122 Location parishes: guide to, 141;

of, 6 |

of, 163-166 ,LaLope de Aguirre: in urban centers, Asuncién: mentioned, 23 Los Altos Hills: rentioned,47 20

Lamaps, Guaira: as a major harbor, 11; on Los Angeles: on map, 166 12, 163; relationship to other Los Angeles de Setenta: on map, 166 regions, 64%; as a population center, Los Cafiizos: on sap, 163

653; trade with, through San Carlos, 90; Los Guayos: on map, 165 aentioned, 11, 20 Los Teques: on map, 165; saentioned, 20

La Guaira-Caracas road: illustration | La Santisima Trinidad: on map, 166 Macaira; on map, 165

La Vela: Vega:ascnamap, 16511; Macairita: on map, 165 on map, 165 : La harbor, on map, 12; Hacarao: as the port of Coro, 13 Bagdaleno: on map, 165 La Victoria: figure of Type I census Main name file. See Master name file format for, 383; as an urban center, 62; Maiquetia: on map, 163

on gap, 165 | Wale-~female categories: data on, 36;

Lake Maracaibo. See Maracaibo, Lake defined in Type III census, 1; changes Lara. See Barguisiseto in San Carlos, 100-108 Lara Depression: described, 14; Male/female ratios: explanation of, 75;

on map, 15 distribution by race and region, 75-82;

Lara Mountains: on map, 15 in Bishopric of Caracas vs. Life Table, | Last nases. See Patronyrics 77; by race, 78, 133; by region, 79-82;

Lezamas on maps, 21, 166; mentioned, 22 by race and region, 80, 134; by race Life table: use of aodel, for sale/fenale and urban category, 81, 134; by arban ratios, 76; male/female ratios, 77; category, 82; effect on child/voran child/woman ratios, 86; sources for the ratios and percent children, 86; dif~ study of, 128 | ferentials in population change in San Llanos: on maps, 8, 21, 166; described, Carlos, 100-108; sources for the study

9, 22; entryways to, 11, 933 table of of, 128; parish level tabulation of, surface area of, 22; settled, 24; 336-389 , distribation of population in, 62, 64; Namporal: on map, 163

a

; INDEX 477 ,

Mdanapire: on map, 166 : ae Martinez de Oneca: sources for the study Manugission: frees mulattoes, 6 of visita by, 120. , a Manzanares River: on maps, 10, 19; Masters nase file: of parishes, 142-151 mentioned, 11 Material culture: as a topic of study, 2; Maps: list of, ix; sources for the study cataloged in Marti, 33; sources for the .

of, 117; parish location, 141, 163-166 study of, 111, 127 Maracas: on map, 166 : Matricula. See Household lists. Maracaibo: on maps, 8, 12, 16, 25; Maturin: on maps, 8, 21; mentioned, 22 founded, 24; as a royalist center, 93; Maturin Llanos. See Llanos of Matorin

aS a population center, 65; mentioned, Mercederians: in San Carlos, 91 ,

13 ; Merchant marine: effect of, on Coast

- Maracaibo, Lake: as a major entryway into male/ferale ratios, 79 , Venezuela, 13; mentioned, 7, 13 = Merchants: in Type III censuses, 39; in Maracaibo Bar: mentioned, 13. arban centers, 47 |

Maracaibo Basin: on map, 12; described, Mérida: on maps, 8, 16, 21, 253 | | 13; exploration of, 23; reports to described, 17; founded, 24; as a Audiencia in Bogot4, 26; as a trade population center, 64; mentioned, 7, 26 route, 64; outmigration from, 76; Mérida, Bishopric of. See Bishopric of

-. tioned, gources13, for26the study de of,Maracaibo, 114; men- Province Nérida deof: Maracaibo Mérida nap, Maracay: cn gaps, 18, 165; as a popala-on25

tien center, 65; mentioned, 20 . Nestizo: sources for definition of, 122 Margarita Island: on map, 10; described, Meta River: on maps, 8, 21; Jesuit mis-

433; as a province of Venezuela, 26; sions on, 26; mentioned, 7, 9 _ mentioned, 11, 23. See also Pearl Nethodology: for the study of parish

fisheries; Province of Margarita records, 30 Maria: on map, 166 , , Mexico: Type III censuses in, 122

,_,

Marriage: study of, 3; as source of data, Mid-West Universities Consortium for In29; included on household lists, 333 in ternational Activities (MUCIA): Caracas

Type III censuses, 39; as defined for Project, xiii, 127 _

Type III census, 41; registered in Migration: effect of, on male/fenale ,

parish records, 49; and adults aged ratios, 75; to Caracas, 76; of slaves seven to thirteen, 82; patterns, 82-86; out of Segovia Highlands, 79; caused by patterns by race, 82; effect of pat- wars of independence in San Carlos, 93- , terns on data on children, 86; effects 108; as subject of next volume, 110 of independence in San Carlos on pat-_ Military resources: relaciones

terns by race, 100; as studied in this geograficas as a source on, 31; special

book, 110; mentioned, 29. surveys of, 32; Type II census for, 39; Married population: in Type III censuses, Type I census for, 39 Oe 39; percent adults aarried, 83; percent Military service: liability for, by women married by region, 84%; percent Lacial group, 376-79; sources for the percent by urban category and race, 86; Miranda, Francisco de: sources for the whites by sex in San Carlos, 96; log study of, 130 | , white by sex in San Carlos, 98; pardos Miscegenation: master-slave, produces

women married by urban category, 85; study of censuses for, 120

by sex in San Carlos, 102; log pardo by mulatto, 69; in Spanish America, 43; | sex in San Carlos, 104; percent by effect of, on racial categories, 4&3 race, sex, and urban category, 135; Missing data. See Errors

percent by race and sex, 135; percent Missionaries: as settlement agents, 24Mact{, Mariano, visitas of: value of, as reports of, 29, 30; create hamlets, 56; a guide to parish archives, 30; influence of, on percent married, 82; description of, 32-33, 120-121; separa~ San Carlos founded by, 90; sources for tion of urban-rural population in, 40; the study of reports by, 113, 115; | parish boundaries in, 40; coverage of, documents for the study of towns ,

by race, sex, and region, 136 26; expansion difficulties of, 26;

compared to censuses, 52; aS a source founded by, 117 on sitios, 52; estiaate of Caracas | Mobility: differential by race, 72

popalation in, 62; description of San Model Life Table. See Life Table Carlos church in, 91; reports on sexual Montalban: on maps, 18, 165; sentioned,

misconduct in San Carlos in, 91-93 17

G78 INDEX |

Moreno: sources for definition of, 122 an entryway into Venezuela, 9, 23;

Norén: oh sap, 163 Franciscan missions on the, 24; mis-

Moroturo: on map, 163 , Sionary reports on the, 30; as a trade Mortality: study of, 3; effects of, on route for the Llanos, 64; sources for male/female ratios, 75; in Bduardo the study of, 113, 114%; mentioned, 7, | Arriaga‘ts work for 4 Latin America, 76; 9, 11, 22, 23, 24 an22 , mentioned, Orituco Rivers sentioned, MUCIA (Mid-West Universities Consortiur Ortiz: on maps, 21, 166; mentioned, 22 for International Activit@®es): Caracas Ospino: on map, 166 | |

Project, xiii, 127 |

Mulattoes: as slaves, 42; use of tera,

44. See also Racial categories Pao de Barcelona. See El Pao de Barcelona Municipal censuses: sentioned, 4% Panaquire: on map, 163

Paracotos: on aap, 165 , Paragua Biver: on maps, 8, 21

Naguanagua: onmaps, aap, 165 Paraguana Peninsula: ontioned, aap, 12; 13 menNaiguat4: on 12, 163; mountain nen,, tioned, 20; sentioned, 11 © Parapara: on map, 166 : | Names of parishes: listed and located, Pardoss racial category defined, 42-45;

141-166 described, 67; as the largest racial | of, 30difficulties category, 75;Sanpopulation , Negro~Indian: in classCarlos vs., 95; in of San whites Carlos, 937-in Native population: missionary accounts group, 69; distribution by urban |

ifying, 43 1083; married, by sex in San Carlos,

Negro slaves. See Slaves 102; log married, by sex in San Carlos, Negroes: racial category defined, 42-45; 1043; single, by sex in San Carlos, 105;

racial group described, 67-69; as log single, by sex in San Carlos, 106. |

percent of Bishopric population, 69; See also Racial categories Se

distribution by urban category, 75; Paria, Gulf of: on map, 10; mentioned, percent married, by urban category, 86; 9, 11

reasons for reduction of, in San Paria Coast. See Cariaco~Araya-Paria , Carlos, 100 Coast | Never{ River: on maps, 10, 19; 10 , ,

Network of parishes. See Urban network Paria Peninsula: described, 9-11; on map,

mentioned, 11 Parish: name lists described, xii; described, 17 gridiron street plan, 50; formation, North Atlantic empire: Yenezuela in the, from sitios, 50-52; number in a

Nicgua: on maps, 18, 165; mentioned, 17 surveys for creation of new, 31; as Nirgua~Tinaguillo Hills: on map, 18; lowest node of urban network, 48; ©

3, 109; sources for the study of Bishopric, 52; categorization hy size, Venezuela in the, 111 53; distribution by size, 53; distribuNorthern Sountains: described, 14; on tion by region, 54, 133; distribution |

map, 15 by urban category, 55, 132; distribe48 yAndalucia. . 57; distribution among regions for byassigning urban Nueva See Cumana category, 58; procedures Notaries: functions of, in urban network, tion within regions by urban category,

Nueva Cadiz: sentioned, 23 name to, 169-170; population tables, |

Nueva Granada. See Colosbia 169-468. See also Urban network | Nueva Segovia. See Barquisimeto Parish boundaries. See Boundaries, parish

Nuns: in Type III censuses, 41 Parish centers: location of, 40 OS Parish names: variants, 141; master list, y, 142-151; modern Obra plas in San Carlos,with 91 andregions, no. of returns, 152-156; states, by region, Ocumare de la Costa: on map, 163 157-159; by state, 160-162 ,| Ocumare del Tuy: on maps, 18, 165; men- Parish priests. See Priests

tioned, 20 Parish records: reasons for lack of use

Orders of magnitude. See Scale of, 29-30; methodology for the study

Orinoco Delta: described, 9; on sap, 10; of, 30; guides to, 30; organization of, mentioned, 7, 11, 22, 28 49; Bourbon reforas and the, 50; Orinoco River: on maps, 8, 10, 19, 21; as sources for the study of, 118-119; nen-

|tioned, | | 4a| , ,|OS| categories, | INDEX 479 74; changes in, 109; by , ,

Parish seat: considered as location of — parish for sex, race, children, | parish population, 40 | SO male/female ratios, ecclesiastics, 178- |

Parish types: described, 50-52; sources 467. See ajsg Censeses, Population ae fer the studyCo of,Population 125-126. alsoxi;totals ee. a Urban categories data:See described, types of, Parochial registers. See Parish records. 4; study of, 4%; availability of the |

Part I: described, xi OS file of, 5; Venezuelan, 29; errors in

- Part II: described, xii; materials in, travelers* accounts, 30-31; constrac~ _ §03; data for Appendix A tables tion of, used in this book, 4&1; reasons. ,

described, 131 = — | ee for focus on 1800-1609, 52; procedures

- Parvulos: in household lists, 35; sources for cormpilation of, 169; availability |

for the definition of, 122 | of magnetic tape file of, 172 _

_ Patanemo: on map, 163 #3 © Oo | Population/ecclesiastic: table of, 4#82- oe

Patronymics: assignment of, in censuses, 467 , ce a-oe 33 , BS a Population geography: sources for, 29 Patterns cf urban residence: reflected in Population history: sources for oe

household lists, 33 = |©Venezuelan, 29;American, sources for118 the |study | Payaras on map, 166 7 On of Latin oo : Pearl fisheries: in coastal islands, 13; Population totals: changes in, 5; , ,

support towns, 23; as a motive for . estimates of, 5; in Bishopric compared , colonization, 23; sources for the study with Venezuela, 56, 59; distribution by | ,

, Of, 113, 116; mentioned, 11. region, 60, 62-65; distribution by Pedraza: founded, 26 ©— urban category, 61; of San Carlos, 89, _ Pedregal: on map, 15; mentioned, 14 © 92, 97-108; changes in, as resalt of Percentages: rounding of, 131 - independence, 110; distribution by , Perij& Mountains: on map, 16; described, race, 132; distribution by race and | 17 a on nemaps, urban category, 132; distribation Petare: 18, 165; mentioned, 20 race and region, 133by _ BS

Phenotype: of pardos, 43 . Portuguesa Llanos. See Llanos of. Barinas-~ Pirates: in Maracaibo Basin, 13, 64; Portuguesa =. , , frustrate development of Orinoco, 64; i #$Portuguesa River: on saps, 8, 21; men- | Caracas protected from, 65; attacks on tioned, 11, 22 a OS | , Coast by, 65 - oo o Portuguese: as merbers of white group, 67 Pirituas on aap, 10; mentioned, 11 | Priests: evaluated by Sarti, 33; obliga- , Plains of Falcén: described, 14; on map, — tion to prepare population data, 33; _

15 , , Be compile houshold lists, 35-36; in Type. ,

Blains of Zulia: on map, 16; described, III censuses, 41; in urban centers, 47;

aPlatillén, © ae oe oo o. | . influence of, on percent married, 82; oo Altos. See Altos of Platillén incorme cf, in San Carlos, 91; notes of, , Plotters: used in this book, 171 _ on census returns, 169; table of ec- | Point Araya: described, 9-11 | , cClesiastic population, 442-4867 7 Political divisions: map of Venezuelan, Primate city: Caracas as a, 62, 109

117-118; mentioned, 3 Bn Privileges: of whites, 42 :

Political organization, Venezuelan: Province of Barinas: on map, 25. , before 1810, 26-27; in travelers* ac- Province of Caracas: on map, 25 — counts, 31; changes in, 109; sources = Province of Cumana: on map, 25 |

for the study of, 117-118 — | Province of Guayana: on map, 25. i , Pons, Francois de: travelers account by, Province cf Margarita: on map, 25 © ,

30-31 a Oo reasons Province for of Mérida de Maracaibo: on map, , - Population: studying _ 25 oe So Venezaelan, xi, 2, 3; characteristics Public health: information about, in misdefined, 3, 4; analysis of, 4; ac- Sionary accounts, 30 | a counting at parish level, 88-49; | Public registries: function in urban |

| distribution in urban. categories, 59; network of, 48 , | a | distribution by race, 68; distribution Pueblos: surveys to change the status of,

by race within regions, 70; distribu- 31. Sn | tion by race within urban categories, Puerto Cakello: as a harbor, 11; on maps,

713 distribation by race anong regicns, 12, 163; relationship to the regions, a 93; @istribation by race among urban 64; as a population center, 65; effects 7

480 INDEX

on male/ferwale ratio of garrison at, tion of parishes by, 54; distribution

79; trade through San Carlos, 90; saen- of parishes within, and by urban tioned, 11 category, 573; distribution of parishes Puerto Cumsarehbo: on map, 12; as a fishing by urban category among, 58; distribu-

center, 13; mentioned, 11 tion of population by, 60; surface area

120 races within, 70; distribution of

Puerto Rico: sources for the study of, and density in, 63; distribution of Punishaents: role of parish records in population by race among, 73;

: Spanish empire's, 49, child/woman male/femaleratios ratios by race and, 80; by, 84; percent women married by, 84; asefulness in Quara; on map, 164 analysis, as for discussed this Quibor: on map, 164 book, 109; 109; sources the studyinof, 1123; distribution of total population by race and by, 133; percent married by

Race: use of term, 44, 67 race, sex, and by, 136; child/worman |

Bacial categories: included on household ratios by race and by, 138

lists, 33; in Type III censuses, 39, Relaciones geogr4ficas: as a source for 42-45; evolution of systema of, 43-44; population data, 31; sources for the | distribution of population by, 68, 71, study of, 113, 114, 115, 119-120 1323; distribution of population within Religious conditicn: included on

regions and by, 70; distribution of household lists, 33; in Type IiI population asong regions by, 73; censuses, 39; definitions of, 41

distribution of population among urban Research design for household lists, 36 categories by, 74; aale/female ratios Residence: Spanish concept of, 39-40

by, 78, 133; male/female ratios by Resources: distribution of, through | region and by, 80, 134%; sale/fenale towns, 48 ratios by urban category and by, 81, Rewards: use of parish records in giving,

, 134; San Carlos population by, 94; 49

population growth in San Carlos by, 973; Rio Chico: on maps, 10, 163; as a popula-

sources for definitions of, 122-123; _ tion center, 65 distribution of total population by, Bio de la Plata: sources for the study of

1323; distribution of total population censuses from, 121-122

by region and by, 166; percent married Rio del Tocayo; on map, 164

by sex and by, 135; percent rmarried by Rosario: on map, 16; described, 17. oo sex, urban category, and by, 135; Royal court. See Audiencia percent married by sex, region, and by, Royalist plans affecting San Carlos, 93 1363; child/woman ratios by, 137; Runaway slaves: as part of racial

child/vworman ratios by arhban category category, 42; passing as pardos, 43;

and by, 137; child/woman ratios bycensus outside urban network, 48| , | region and by, 138; on forargats, 1703; parish population by, 174-441.

- $ee also individaal categories: Pardos; Sabaneta: on map, 166 ~

Whites; etc. Sacrist4n mayor: income91. of,: in San , Racial-class: use of tera, 44 Carlos, Racial patterns: discussed, 67-75; Salinas de Araya: described, 11

reasons for, 69-72; changes in, in San Saapling techniques: use of, 4 Carlos, 97-108; as studied in this San Antonio: on wap, 19; mentioned, 22 book, 110 San Antonio de las Cocuizas: on map, 166 Racial tension: sources for the study of, San Antonio de los Altos: on sap, 165

123, 128 . San Carlos de Austria: on maps, 15, 16,

Recopilacién historial de Venezuela: Fray 18, 21, 166; as an arban center, 62, Pedro de Aguado's view of urban 64; illustration of La Blanguera, 88; centers, 4/-48 walue of, as a case study, 89, 110; Records. See Censuses; Information total population of, 92; population by systeas; Parish records; Population race in, 94; white vs. pardo population

,Regions: data.sajor in,Venezuelan, 95; married whites by sex in, 96; defined, 7-9; log white married by sex in, 98; single

, on map, 83; surface area of, 9, 62, 63; whites by sex in, 99; log single whites based on parish centers, 40; distribu- by sex in, 101; married pardos by sex

} INDEX 481

, in, 102; leg pardo married by sex in, Scale: orders of magnitude in Spanish sources for the study of, 129-130; men= See of Caracas, Mérida, etc. See tioned, 22 | Bishopric of Caracas, Mérida, etc. San Cristé6ébal: on map, 8; described, 17; Segovia Highlands: described, 7, 14; on , founded, 24; as a population center, maps, 8, 15, 164; settled from Coro, 64;Diego mentioned, | , 13; surface 14; on San de Alcala: 24 on map, 165table route of to Andes, 23;area townsof, founded in, San Diego de los Altos: on map, 165 | 28; urban centers in, 56; relationship San Felipe: on maps, 15, 164%; as a con- to other regions, 64; distribution of tracted parish, 52; as a major urban population in, 6%; racial distribution center, 62; relationship to other in, 69, 72; wale/female ratios by race regions, 64; treatment of parishes of in, 793; as an area of outmigration, 79;

, 1043 single pardos by sex in, 105; , empire, 2.

in Appendix A, 134; relationship to San Carlos, 90; sources San Félix: mentioned, 23 for the study of, 11%; location of San Fernando de Apure: as a population parishes in, 164%

center, 64; on maps, 21, 166; men~ Servants, in household lists: assignaent tioned, 22 de ! oo of last nares, 33; unSan Fernando Cachicago: on pap,33; 166identified, derenurmerated, 36 | , . San Francisco de Tiznados: on map, 166 Service: as criterion for awarding white

San Francisco de Yares on map, 165 status, 42

San Jaime: onmap, map,166 166patterns, , Settlerent: frominSegovia Highlands, 14; a San José: on 23-27; response to demand San José de Apure: on map, 166 for Indian labor, 24; orientation of, . San José de Tiznados: on map, 166 26; in Fray Pedro de Aguado's San Juan Bautista: chapel in San Carlos, chronicle, 47-488; San Carlos in pat-

91 , terns of, 390; sources for the study of,

San Juan de los Morros: On maps, 21, 166; (116-117, 1248 | 7

as a population center, 64; mentioned, Sex: included on household lists, 33; in 22 Type III censuses, 39; male/female San Luis: on map, 15; mentioned, 14 distribution by race and region, 75-82;

San Mateo: figure of natricula page for, married whites by, in San Carlos, 96;

34; on gap, 156 , log white married by, in San Carlos,

San Miguel de Trujillo: on map, 164 98; single whites by, in San Carlos, San Wicold4s de Tolentino: on sap, 163 , 99; log single whites by, in San San Pablo. See Caracas-San Pablo Carlos, 99; log pardo married by, in

San Pedro: on map, 165 San Carlos, 1048; single pardos by, in San Rafael de OQnoto: on map, 166 > San Carlos, 105; log single pardos by, San Rafael de Orituco: on map, 166 , din San Carlos, 106; as studied in this San Sebastian de los Reyes: on maps, 18, book, 110; percent married by race and 21, 165; founded, 24; as a population by, 135; percent aarried by race, urban center, 64; mentioned, 22 category, and by, 135; percent sarried San Sebastian Valley: described, 20 by race, region, and by, 136; parish

Sanares on map, 164 population by, 174-441

Santa Catalina: on map, 10; mentioned, 9 Sexual misconduct: as reported in Marti

Santa Cruz de Aragua: on map, 165 visita for San Carlos, 91-93 | Santa Fé de Bogotd4: mentioned, 9 , Silver: as motive for exploration, 23

Santa Inés del Altar: on map, 165 Single: as defined for Type III, 41 Santa Lucia: on maps, 18, 165; mentioned, Siguisique: on map, 164 Santa Marfa de Ipire: on maps, 10, 163; 31; listed separately in Marti visita,

290 Sitio: surveys to change the status of,

11 Slaves: in relaciones geograficas, 31;

as a population center, 64; mentioned, 32; in extended parishes, 50-52

Santa Rosa ge Lima: on map, 164 ; underenumerated in household lists, 36;

Santa Rosalia. See Caracas-Santa Rosalia as defined for Type III, 42; pardos |

Santa Teresa de Jesis: on map, 165 Classified as, 43; in racial Santisino Sacramento: cofradfa in San categories, 43-44, 69; percent of Carlos, 91 — | Bishopric population, 693 75; distribution Santo Tomé: founded, 24 of, by urban category, sale/fenale

Sarares on map, 166 ; ratios, 76-79; male/female ratios by |

§82 INDEX

urban category, 82; warried percentage Temerla: on map, 165

of, 82; percent aarried by urban Temporal coverage: of Type YII censuses, category, 86; fertility of, 86-87; RQ 44 sources for the study of, 123, 128. Thieves: cutside urban network, 48

See also Racial categories Tinaco: on maps, 21, 166; mentioned, 22 13; outside urban network, 48 Tinaguillo: on map, 166

Ssugglers: enter through Yaracuy River, Tinajas: on map, 164

Social discrimination: changes in, 43 Tinaguillo-Nirgua Hills. See Nirgua-

Social life: in San Carlos, 47 91 Tiznados TinaguilloRiver: Hills mentioned, 22 | Social matrix, described, Social-race: use of ters, 44 Tocuyito: on map, 165 Social revolution: in independence, 97 Tocuyo. See #1 Tocuyo Social structure: travelers’ accounts as Tocuyo River: on maps, 12, 15; mentioned,

source for information about, 31 13, 14 | Software: for production of this book, fown foundations: rnoved town sites, 24; —471-1720—~O” reported in Marti visita, 32; sources Somatic characteristics. See Stereotype for the study of, 112, 116-117. See

Social tensions: of racial origin, 42 Total population. See Population totals

Spain: trade with, through San Carlos, 90 also jndividual towns , ae

Spanish America: formal structure of the fowns: special surveys on, 31; origins imperial systea in, 1; historiography of, in Iberian history, 47; foundation of, 1; methodology for studying empire of, as criterion for successful settle~

in, 2; attacks on isgperial systen of, ment, 47-488; average size of, 59;

39; sources for the study of the description, definition, distribution

| structure of, 124-125 | of, 56; racial distribution among, 75 Special government surveys. See Govern- Trade patterns: missionary sources for

ment surveys , the study of, 30 | , Social Sciences 109 Standard parish: defined, 50; figure of, Transportation industry: Type IIt

SPSS. See Statistical Package for the Transitional century: Venezuela in the, ;

51 inclusion of people in, 39 ,

Statistical Package for the Social Transportation routes: in Segovia

Sciences (SPSS): programs for Appendix Highlands, 14; through San Carlos, 90

A, 131; used in the production of this Travelers* accounts: as a source of a book, 171 | population data, 30-31; San Carlos in, Status: identified in household lists, 90; sources for the study of, 119; nen-

33; inclusion of low individuals in tioned, 29 household lists, 36; gained within Tribute payments: liability for, among

urban network, 48; saintained at parish racial group, 76; sources for the study level, 49. See also Racial categories of censuses conducted for the purpose

Stereotype: white, 42, 67; Indian, %2-43; of, 129 7 , African and Negro, 43-484, 67; white and Trinidad Island: sources for the study African in slave group, 69 } of, 113, 120; sentioned, 7, 13

Street plans: availability of, 33 fxrajillo: on aaps, 8, 16, 25; described,

Structures urban network as governing, 17; as a source of expansion, 24; 48-49; changes in San Carlos popula- founded, 24; jurisciction separated

tion, | from Bishopric of Caracas, 40; as a | Suata.97-108 See Zuata major urban center, 62, 64; mentioned,

Subregions: mentioned, 7 | 7, 26 . oe: Tucapido: relationship to 10, San on maps, 18,Carlos, 163; as an90 ex-

Surface area of regions: figure of, 63 Tucacas: as a harbor, 11; on map, 12; | Tacarigua de MNamporal: on map, 163 ample of an important llanero town, 89; Tacata: ondepression map, 165 sources for the study of, 1133 senTachira: of, described, 17; tioned, 11 . oo : mentioned, 23 | Tucupido de Guanare: on map, 166 Taguai:s on map, 165 Tucupita: on map, 10; mentioned, 9 , Tapipa: On on map, 165 163 Tucuragaa: map, 163 166 — , Taria: aap, furén:onon map,

Tarmas: on map, 163 Turiamo: on map, 163 :

, ! | INDEX 483

Turmero: illustration of hacienda house 24; missionary sources for the study. in, 663; on map, 165 of, 30; in relaciones geograficas, 31; — Tuy~Aragua Valleys. See Aragua-Tuy in Marti visita, 32-33; location of , , Valleys ,maps, , parish centers in,of,40; urban-raral ,, Tuy River: on 12, 18 populations in Type III censuses, Type I census: introduced, 36; format ex- 403; described, 47-65; history of ample, for La Victoria, 36 | parishes from parish records, 49; -

_ Type II census: introduced, 36; format parish types described, 50-52; compared example, for Bocono, 38 | with Mexico and Peru, 523; on map, 63; _ Type III census: introduced, 36; format distribution of parishes by size, 53;

example, for Bocono, 37; age data in, major cities, 62; racial distribution |

39; description of, 39-40; within, 72-753; percent married within,

geographical-temporal coverage in, 40- 86; San Carlos in the, 90, 107; | , 41; returns collected in this kook, 41; Significance of, 1103; sources for the

categories defined, 41-45; procedures study of, 117, 124; See also Urhan a

used in tabulating, 122; reproduction categories ee |

II from, 169; returns by year and, 410 parish, 141-166, 468 | - ,| .

- of order authorizing, 122; data in Part Urban-regional framework: usefulness of, —

,Unare , _Basin: Vagabonds: outside urban network, 48 | , on Map, 10; described, 11; Valencia: on maps, 8, 18, 21, 25, 165; |

aS an entryway into Venezuela, 23; founded, 24; as a major urban center, | , Franciscan missions in, 24; sources for. 62; relationship to other regions, 64-

,|the 114; mentioned, 9, 17, 653;17-20; mentioned, 7| . 22,study 26 oeof,| Valencia Fasin:7,described, on map,

Unare River: onValle maps, 10, 18, 19,as21; 18 a - _ Be—: , , mentioned, 11 _ de la Pascua: a population Underenumeration: in household lists, 36. center, 64; on map, 166 —_ a See alsc Errors for thedivisions: study of,map, 3 Urachiche: on map,OS 164Venezuela: Venezuelanreasons ecclesiastical

Urama: on map, 163. 25 | } _ , , Urban categories: defined, 52-56; on map, the study of, 3, 111 , | BO Urama River: on map, 15; mentioned, 14 Venezuelan historiography: sources for

. | §3; distribution of parishes by, 55; Venezuelan history: in the century of © , distribution of parishes within region transition, 3 | , by, 57; distribution of parishes among Venezuelan political organization. See _

Oe regions by, 58; distribution of popula-~ Political organization | ; tion by, 61; distribution of population Venezuelan provinces: on map, 25; : _

, bypopulation cace within, 71; distribution of identified, 26 , , , , by race among, 74; Venezuelan regions: table of surface area

male/female ratios by race and by, 81, | of, 9 | | _ 82; percent married by, 85; percent Villa: surveys to change status of parish ,

married within, 86; sources for the to, 31; title conferred on San Carlos, | , study of, 126; distribution of total 91 , population by race and by, 132; percent Villa de Cura: on map, 165; mentioned, 22 - married by race, sex, and by, 135; Villages: definition, description, | ftale/female ratios by race and by, 134; | distribution of, 56; racial distribu-

child/woman ratios by race and by, 137 i #£=tion among, 75 , ,

Urban centers: location of, in 16th Visitas: population data in, 32-33; century, 23; founded in 17th and 18th sources for the study of, 120-121; mencenturies, 24; establishment of network tioned, 29. See also Marti, Mariano,

of, 26; location of, through travelers! visitas of | oo —

. accounts, 313; in relaciones : : Vital statistics: discussed, 29-30;

, foundations , : , oo geograficas, 31; distribution of priests as keepers of, 36; mentioned,

populationas, in,59-62. 56-65; contracted 29 © ' 7 parishes See also Town

Urban network: classification of parishes Wealth: collection of, within urban a

in, 5; completed in the 18th century, network, 48 a , ,

43 be :

484 INDEX a

Welser: failure of expedition, 47; mentioned, 23 os an difficulty in classifying, White-Indian:

Whitess racial category defined, 42, 67; . gtatus of, conferred on nen-whites, 423 changes in category, 43; as percent of total population, 69; distribution by urban category, 75; male/female ratios, , 76, 79, 82; married percentageyof, 82; fertility of, 86-87; vs. pardos in San . Carlos, 95; married, by sex in San Carlos, 96; in San Carlos, 97-108; log married, by sex in San Carlos, 98; Single, by sex in San Carlos, 99; log | Single, by sex in San Carlos, 101. See also Racial categories

44 :

_ Widowers: as defined for Type III census, Widows: as defined for Type III census, #1; excluded from married category, 82 Woman/child. See Child/woman ratios Women: assignment of last nages in household lists, 33; percent sarried by region, 84; percent married by urban Wrubel Corputing Center, at Indiana University, 171

category, 85 , ,

Yaracuy River: on gaps, 12, 15, 18; as an

entryway inte the llanos, 23

tion center, 64 z

entryway into Venezuela, 133; as an

Yaritagua: on maps, 15, 164; as a popuia- _

Zambo: sources for thefor definition of, 122 Co , Zaraza: on map, 10; sources the study , of, 113; mentioned, 11 Zuatas on map, 21; wentioned, 22 | Zulia. See Plains of Zulia; Maracaibo