Peace and War: Historical, Philosophical, and Anthropological Perspectives 3030486702, 9783030486709

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Peace and War: Historical, Philosophical, and Anthropological Perspectives
 3030486702, 9783030486709

Table of contents :
Acknowledgements
Books by W. John Morgan published by Palgrave
Contents
Notes on Contributors
Chapter 1: Introduction
Bibliography
Chapter 2: Bartolomé de las Casas’ Critique of War and Vision of Peace
Introduction
Las Casas as Secular Cleric
Las Casas as Dominican Friar
Las Casas as Bishop
Conclusion
Bibliography
Chapter 3: The Heart of the Daodejing: Nonviolent Personhood
Introduction
Dao, the Way of Nature, and the Sage
Personhood and the Human Condition: Cultivating De
Nonviolence: The Heart of the Daodejing
Dao and the Ideal Human Being
Conclusion
Daodejing, Our World, and Lives Today
Bibliography
Chapter 4: The Augustinian Legacy of Divine Peace and Earthly War
Introduction
Augustinian Universal Peace
Kant’s Friedensschrift and the Optimism of Enlightenment
Augustinian Peace Theory in Twentieth-Century Liberalism
Augustinian Legacy in Twentieth-Century Realpolitik
Carl Schmitt’s Decisionism as Realpolitik in the Inter-war Period
Ethical Realpolitik in Hans Morgenthau
Conclusion
Bibliography
Chapter 5: Pacifism or Bourgeois Pacifism? Huxley, Orwell, and Caudwell
Introduction
Pacifism in Britain 1919–1946
British Public Opinion on War
Communism and Bourgeois Pacifism
Aldous Huxley: Cultural Critic and Libertarian
George Orwell: Cultural Critic and Democratic Socialist
Christopher Caudwell: Cultural Critic and Communist
Conclusion
Bibliography
Chapter 6: Julien Freund on War and Peace: Mitigated Realism
Introduction
War in Theory
War in History
Conclusion
Bibliography
Chapter 7: Revolutionary War and Peace
Introduction
Violence, Power, War, and Revolutions
Revolutionary Violence
Revolutions and the Responsibility to Protect
Conclusion
Bibliography
Chapter 8: Catastrophe and Conversion: Culture, Conflict, and Violence in the Hermeneutics of René Girard
Introduction
Mimetic Desire, Contagion, and Crisis: Culture, Order, and Disorder
Crisis or Critique? War, Culture, and Modernity
Catastrophe or Conversion? The Moral Force of Nonviolence
Conclusion
Bibliography
Chapter 9: Learning for Peace: The Montessori Way
Introduction
Maria Montessori
Learning for Peace
The Montessori Way of Teaching and Learning
Active Learning
Dialogical Interaction
Engagement in Practical Experiences of Life
Considering the Needs and Rights of the Child
Competition as Antithetical to Peace
Conclusion
Bibliography
Chapter 10: Peace and Violence in Poor Rural Schools in Post-Apartheid South Africa
Introduction
Conceptual Framework and Key Terms
Violence
Peacebuilding
Social Cohesion
Race
Gender
Peace and Violence in the Eastern Cape
Teacher and Learner Narratives of Peace and Conflict in the Rural Eastern Cape
Teacher and Learner Narratives of Social Cohesion in the Rural Eastern Cape
Conclusion
Bibliography
Index

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