Parent education in the teacher college, and practice in the nursery school, kindergarten and primary grades

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Northwestern

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Theses

U n p u b l i s h e d t h e s e s s u b m i t t e d f o r th e M a s t e r ' s a n d D o c t o r ' s d e g r e e s a n d d e p o s i t e d in t h e N o r t h w e s t e r n U n i v e r s i t y L i b r a r y a r e o p e n f o r i n s p e c t i o n , b u t ar e to be u s e d o n l y w i t h d u o r e g a r d to t h e r i g h t s of t h e a u t h o r s . Bibliographical r e f e r e n c e s m a y be n o t e d , bu t p a s s a g e s m a y be c o p i e d o n l y w i t h t h e p e r m i s s i o n o f t h e a u t h o r , a n d p r o p e r c r e d i t m u s t be g i v e n in s u b s e q u e n t w r i t t e n o r p u b l i s h e d w o r k . E x t e n s i v e c o p y i n g or p u b l i c a t i o n o f t h e t h e s e s in w h o l e or in p a r t r e q u i r e s a l s o t h e c o n s e n t o f t h e D e a n o f t h e G r a d u a t e S c h o o l of N o r t h w e s t e r n University. T h i s t h e s i s by h a s b e e n u s e d b y t he f o l l o w i n g a t t e s t t h e i r a c c e p t a n c e o f t he

patrons

is

A Library expected

NAME AND

. persons above restrictions.

which borrows to s e c u r e t h e

this t h es i s fo r use by its s i g n a t u r e o f e a c h use r .

ADDRESS

DATE

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Ed ucation

Occupation

M o t h e r s Name ___________________________________

Age

Education

Occupation Siblings:

Name Sex__________________ Age Name S ex_________________ _A g e Name Sex_________________

Number of children in school School Attending___________________ Grades attending Number of1 times y o u have conferred with principal_ Number of times you have conferred with teacher this semester

_______ _

With who m did you enroll your child____________ __________ __ tfhat Information did you give the school prior

to his enrollment

B

Records Does

the report card give y o u adequate information about

your child_____

Did y o u discuss Why

the last report card w i t h the teacher

__________________________________

Would y o u prefer some other type of report Sxpla in

_________________________________

Observation Number of times y o u have observed your child Wh y

D i d the teacher suggest that y o u come Check the periods that you observed: reading writing arithmetic spelling free play list others

language music rhythms art

lunch rest toilet period outdoor play

Cooperation Check the following for which your help has been requested: Transportation for excursions Making Costumes Helping w i t h records Christmas project Care of pets List others

B

Group W o r k Ar e y o u a member of the P. T* A . ______________ ____ Does your h usband attend the meetings ____________ W h i c h meet ing this year have y o u enjoyed the most

Why

Individual Work Check the following books that you have read Mental Health in the Classroom Parents and Children G-o To School Mental Hygiene in Moder n Education Parents Look at Modern Education Play Two to Six Babies are Huma n Beings New Patterns in Sex Education Management of Young Children Others

Check magazines which yo u read regularly: Nation Harpers Readers Digest Time New Republic Newswe ek Life List others

Progressive Education Childhood Education National Parent Teacher Parents Magazine Child Study

Check the Items whi ch yo u have discussed wit h the teacher: Reading Arithmetic Spelling Wri tin g Retardation Promotion List others

Radio programs Parties Safety Play materials Art Eating habits

Comic s Holidays Music Speech Ma s tur ba 11on Sleeping habits

B

A r e y o u a memb e r of a Child Study Association Do y o u belong to any other child study group C heck to w h o m y o u go concerning your c h i l d 1 s difficulties: Doctor Mother Psychologist Psychiatrist Teacher Minister Friend Clinic State two problems w i t h w h i c h you have received help from the school •

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_______________________________

2Suggest ways in which the school and home can w o r k m ore closely together

___________________________________ .

c SOCIAL AM) SEHEBAIi MEDICAL HISTORY

SARTBBtf APARTMENTS, PABgBB. PRACTICE. AN1? arJNNETKA PTTBTJC SCHOOL HnR8gtH8 Date

Recorded by Child9s name

Sex

Informant

Address

Home -phone

Date of entrance^ ..

Group entered

Business -phone

Present physician.

Birth date Business phone

Earlier physician, if any Referred by

Special reasons for enrollment

I. BACKGROUND INFORMATION A. Parents Father (Own or foster)

Mother (Own or foster)

Given names Birth date Nationality Religion Education p Occupation Special interests and hobbies 1. If living with foster parents put information regarding own parents and background prior to adoption on special form. 2. In case of mother, record earlier occupations if there is no occupation outside the home at the present time. When were parents married............

, ... „..................... ...

Have there been previous marriages, separations, divorces

Health history of parents: Mother Father

___

Details of present healths Mother Father

. „___________

,

______________

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B. Children List in order of birth, including stillbirths and miscarriages: Name

Sex

Date of "birth

Place of birth

School grade

Condition of health

1. 2. i — ..

.........

k.

6. 7. S. Health history of children

Relation of this child to other children in family_

Preparation for younger sibling!s arrival

In case of death give date and cause

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Position (Relative, maid, roomer, etc .)

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Approximate _Age

Occupation

Present Health

Health History

1. 2, 3.

_____________

It. 5.................... 6.

How much time does each of the above spend with the child and how is this time spent?______ .

_ _ ______ ___________________________________________________

Attitudes of each of the above toward the child

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p. Other Aspects of Home Setting and. Home Relationships (Questions on Page 5 of this section should "be completed after home visits and conferences, rather than by direct questioning. All information supplied in other ways than by original informant should be initialed and dated.) What time does father spend with child each day On week-ends

_________________________

When and how is time spent

What time does mother spend with child each day On week-ends

_____ ______ ^______

W hen and how is time spent__________________________

What experiences do the family share together____________________ _____________ __

What special playtime does the child have to himself?

How much and when?

E. Supervision of -Child Is child easily managed, fairly easily managed, or hard to manage

Do you believe in spanking

Does husband agree.

How often have you spanked in last month For what have you spanked Do you believe the child should obey the first time you speak to him, ______________________________ Does husband agree What is your attitude toward rewards, bribes, threats.

Is there any difference of opinion among members of the household on manage­ ment of the child__________________ _________________ _______________________

Check methods of discipline used and underline those used most often* Isolation Ignoring Scolding Reasoning Putting on chair Putting to bed

Deprivation of some pleasure Comparing unfavorably with another child Rewards Spanking Slapping Others *

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F. Description of Home (type, size of house, child’s play space in and out— of— doors, child’s sleeping quarters, etc*)_______________________________________________

0. Economic Status of Family (approximate salary if known, signs of economic pressure, evidence that child may be influenced by too much wealth, by family striving for social level, etc«>)

Is this a scholarship case (Give details) How do parents spend their leisures

Mother__

Father

H» Home Atmosphere (Are there any special features of the home life which may have affected the child such as nervousness in the family, inclinations to worry, invalidism, unhappy parental relationships, religious, age or race differ*ences, differences created b y presence of other relatives in the home, economic difficulties, etc.)

T

I. Attitude of Parents Toward Child (favoritism, jealousy, disinterest, not wanted, ambitions, etc®) Father

__________ ___ _______

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Mother

II. HEALTH AND DjBVELOrMEHTA.L HISTORY OF CHILD A. Prenatal X. M o t h e r 1s condition and attitude during pregnancy

2.f Medical care

H ow many months,

3* Excretory habits during pregnancy (constipation,

etc.)

B. Natal 1. Labor at term

P remature

2. Delivery normal,

3. Place of delivery

H. Weight at birth__

5. State of health during first days of life Resuscitation

______

Cyanos i s

____________________ Jaundi ce

H emo rrhage^.

Convuls io ns,

0, Nutrition 1. Medical supervision

Breast fed only:

mos •

*5. Ase weaned from breast

Bottle fed only:

mos.

6. kr& weaned from bottle

Breast and bottle fed:

mos •

7* Reason for bottle feeding^

8. Formula How offered (How were baby and bottle held, by whom, change in methods, cuddling, difficulties)

9. Age other foods were added: Orange juice. Vegetables__________ Eggs_____ Solid meats

Cereals

M eat juices____________Bacon, __

How offered

Were there feeding difficulties with solid foods

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11. Codliver oil (Kinds, age when introduced and time given, dosage, how introduced)________ ____ ___________________________________________ _____

D. Development Befor

School Entrance

Oive age in months when child first Sat without hack support_______ Pulled self to standing position.

jCrept. .Walked with help.

Walked alone When did first tooth erupt. When did child first use 3 or ^ separate words. What were these words When were first sentences used. Speech d i f f i c u l t i e s ________ Is child left handed When and hov/ was howel training started. Who determined

Were there interruptions________________

schedule (child1s own rhythm, schedule set hy parent or nurse)

When did child stop soiling his clothing

________ ________________________

When was bladder training started

_How (timed schedule, child's

behavior)

_______ ________ ________ ______________________________________

What was done if not informed by child________________________ , ____________ When could child control bladder during day___________ during night_______ Is child still taken up at nighty _________ J s Does he wet the b e d

he thoroughly awakened_____

____________________ ____________ _

Were there lapses in control between timo of training and school en­ trance___________ How

old was child when they occurred_______________

How long did they last________________________________ _________ _______ Grive known or probable causes of lapses___________________

E, History of Past Diseases* Operations! Immunizations» Etc.^ Date

Chicken-pox_______ Whooping cough _ Measles_____ _ _ _ Scarlet fever_____ . Diphtheria Mumps Smallpox^________ _ Meningi tis ______ Infantile paralysis. Encephalitis ____ Typhoid fever ^ Convuls ions ____ Vomit ing__________ H e a d a c h e _______ Constipation _

Date

Di arrhea _____ Cho rea _______ So re throat____ Adenitis_______ Otitis media___ Mastoiditis ] Bronchi t is_____ I nf luen za______ Pneumonia A s t h m a ^ ________ Rheumatism Endocarditis___ Painting spells. Cystitis Hephritis______

Colds__________ ,

Defective eyesight

Classes,

Defective hearing

Shin eruptions

_________________________

_______

. ______ _________ ____ __

Accidents

Operations (including circumcision)

Hospital examinations and treatment

Describe any severe illness (including above)

Date Vaccination _____ Tuberculin test ___________ ______ Diphtheria toxoid _________ ______ Tetanus toxoid_________ . . Schick test_________________ _ ______

Date Scarlet fever imrmmization _ _ _ Dick test___________________________ ______ Whooping cough immuni zat ion_________ ______ Wassermann tests__________ _ ______

1. If additional space is needed use extra sheet

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III. PRESENT HABITS AITS HYCIEEE A, Elimination

tTrii^ation

Defecation

Schedule ( "How often1/ 11when”)

______________________

Self-reliance (needs re­ minder* help, goes alone)

_______

_

Child* s terminology______________ _________________________ Position (standing, sitting)

_________________

_____________________________________________

Special techniques

________________

____

Irregularities (need for laxatives, diarrhea# day or night-time lapses or accidents.

Note causes if known and way met)__________ _____ __________

Exhibitionism about bathroom procedure (describe) B. Sating Yesterday* s Diet j Alone or Meal i with family }' Breakfast

Amount Served

Menu

Amount Eaten

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Time i From

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Describe^ __________________ — ”

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c 12 Flay Materials Creative materials! (Clay, plasticine, paints, finger paints, crayons, water toys, work bench, etc.)

Blocks! (List kind, number, sizes)

Bolls and doll materials:

Small toys: (Fog boards, small cars, phzzles, hammer hod, manipulative toys)

Large wheel toys; (Tricycle, etc.)

Outdoor play materials and equipment:

C

- 13 H. Pets

I. Contacts with Music - Literature Music experiences:

Experiences with books and stories:

Favorite books:

Read to or picture books alone________________________ J. Social Contacts

Child’s most frequent playmates (how frequent, age, sex)

Previous contacts with groups.

Does he like to play a l o n e ________________________________________________ What other special contacts has the child (church, school, guests in home, visiting in other homos) Movies (home or theatre) Travel: by parents by child

, _________________________, _________________ ________________________________________ _______ _

_____

, ____________________________________ _______

________

Contacts with foreign language

_______________________ _____________— -----

K. Dates and Places of Child's Previous Homes

_____________________ __ __________

Prepared by the staff of the Winnetka Public School Nurseries with the cooperation of the Elizabeth McCormick Memorial Fund - July 1938

c BEHAVIOR RECORD These forms represent the usual behavior of 2, 5, and 4 year old children. Check _________ . ______ column which best describes child's behavior from Name of child,.._r..

Sheet recorded by No evidence of this behavior

Sometimes but not often enough to be con­ sidered a habit

Eatinc Hsbits Has a good appetite - - - - - - - - - - Refuses certain foods - - - - - - - - - Takes longer than 30 minutes for meal - Feeds self- -r - -------Additional information: Sleeping Habits Is restless at nap or rest- Goes willingly to nap - - - Goes willingly to bed - - - Falls asleep readily - - - Awakens frightened or cryingAdditional information:

.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Toilet Habits Needs to urinate very frequentlyWets self during day- - - - - - Wets at nap - - - - - - - - - - Wets during night - - - - - - - Additional information: Nervous Tendencies Sucks thumb or fingers during day - - - -_________ __ _ Sucks thumb or fingers at rest or nap - . __ Sucks thumb or fingers at bedtime - - - ...... Sucks tongue or lip ., , _____ _ Bites nails - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ... _____ Chews objects - - - - - - - - - - - - - - . _____ _ Picks nose - - - - - - - - - - - - - - .. Plays with fingers - - - - - - - - - - i . Fingers objects - - - - - - - - - - - - - ____________ Twists or pulls hair - - - - - - - - - - _ _______ _ Twists clothes - - - - - - - - - - - - . Handles sex organs - - - - - - - - - - ..... Twitches any part of body - - - - - - - . Wriggles a great deal when sitting - - -___________ Holds hands or body tense - - - - - - - . _______ Gives other evidence of driving excess eneigy_______ _ Uses high pitched excitable voice - - - - t_________ Additional information: Speech Habits Stutters or stammers - - - - - - - - - -____ lisps Substitutes one sound for another - - — (e.g. "W" used in place of T'R" etc. — - . Speaks indistinctly - - -- -- -- --— ,, Additional information? ______

Often enough to be con­ sidered a habit

, _ — -„ u

Usual behavior

G

No evidence of this behavior

Sometimes but not often enough to be con­ sidered a habit

Often ■ enough to Usual be con­ behavic sidered a habit

Fears or ife Disturbed by: Dark Animals (please name specifically) - — Thunder and lightningBeing left by parent in new situation Additional information: Reaction to Adults Responds willingly to requests --- - - - Ignores requests - - - - - - - - - - - - Is easy to reason with - - - - - - - - - Looks for unusual amount of praise - - - Seeks attention by calling or showing offAsks for unnecessary help - - - - - - - Goes to adult with criticism of others - *Stays close to adult - - - - - - - - - - Shrinks from notice Additional information: Reaction to Children Avoids pl'ay with others - - - - - - Bosses others - - - - - - - - - - - Gives in too easily - - - - - - - - Refuses to share or take turns - - - Grabs toys from others - - - - - - - - Attacks (hits, kicks, bites, scratches) Shows jealousy of others - - - - - - Seeks attention - - - - - - - - - - Resists advances - - - - - - - - - - Additional information: Other Reactions

Sulks

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Whines -----------------Cries easily - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Has temper outbursts (screams, kicks, strikes, throws self on floor) - - - ~ Breaks toys,tears books,mars furniture,etc. Mistreats animals purposely - - --- - - Wastes time at routine tasks - - - - - - Leaves tasks uncompleted - - - - - - - - Day dream© - - - - - - - - - - --- - - - Relates fanciful stories - - - - - - - - Has imaginary playmate - - - - - - - - - Misrepresents facts to gain an end - - - Rushes heedlessly into danger - - - - - 4"oids physical risk - - - - - - - - - - Gives evidence of having a sense of humorAdditional information:

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SUMMARY SHEET OF CHILD1S BEHAVIOR. Write further details of the child1s most frequent problems (as recorded on the behavior sheets) in this space:

Please give an estimate of the child1s most desirable qualities below:

E*McC»M#P»

PROGRESS RECORD WINNETKA PUBLIC SCHOOL NURSERY (To be filled within two weeks of child*s entrance into school) Name

Date

Informant

1. Status of child on entrance to group (a) Physical (general appearance, eating, sleeping, large and small motor coordinations) (b) Mental

(alert, slow, leader, follower, play interests, l anguage)

(c) Personality and behavior easily, etc.)

(emotional, tantrums, cries

(d) Social reactions on entering group (2) to adults

(o v e r )

(1) to children

2

II, Summary of Guidance Needs A. Difficulties

to be overcome

B, Abilities to be developed

III,

Tentative Procedure Planned

D PROGRESS RECORD WINNETKA PUBLIC SCHOOL NURSERY

Further entries to he made within four weeks of child's entrance into group. Record of progress is to be filed at least once a month thereafter. Record conferences, advice to parents, school procedures, and home visits. Record unsuccessful, as well as successful, procedures. Date Name



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