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New South Wales criminal law handbook 2017 [2017 Edition]
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Copyright © 2017. Thomson Reuters (Professional) Australia Pty Limited. All rights reserved.

NSW Criminal Law Handbook 2017

Thomson Reuters (Professional) Australia Limited 19 Harris Street PYRMONT NSW 2009 Tel: (02) 8587 7000 Fax: (02) 8587 7100 [email protected] www.thomsonreuters.com.au For all customer inquiries please ring 1300 304 195 (for calls within Australia only)

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New South Wales Criminal Law Handbook 2017 by

A M BLACKMORE SC

and

G S HOSKING SC

LAWBOOK CO.

2017

Published in Sydney by Thomson Reuters Lawbook Co. 19 Harris Street Pyrmont NSW ISBN 978 0 455 50005 8 © 2017 Thomson Reuters (Professional) Australia Limited ABN 64 058 914 668 trading as Lawbook Co. This publication is copyright. Other than for the purposes of and subject to the conditions prescribed under the Copyright Act, no part of it may in any form or by any means (electronic, mechanical, microcopying, photocopying, recording or otherwise) be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted without prior written permission. Inquiries should be addressed to the publishers. © 2017 New South Wales legislation herein is reproduced by permission, but does not purport to be the official or authorised version. It is subject to Crown copyright. Project Editors: Wyn Diong, Vanessa Schlenert Editorial and Production Team: Angela Bandiera, Paul Godwin, Patrick Harper, Jinhong Tang, Sonia Tulse Product Developer: Paul Gye

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PUBLISHER’S NOTE LEGISLATION The legislation content of this book is current as at 20 March 2017. CROSS REFERENCES The contents of this book are drawn from the subscription service Criminal Law NSW, by AM Blackmore and GS Hosking, and therefore reflect the structure of that service. The book contains cross references to content that are not included in this publication. These cross references are retained for the benefit of the reader who may wish to refer to the service, Criminal Law NSW, for that additional information. AUTHORS His Honour Acting Judge Greg Hosking SC Greg Hosking SC is a retired judge of the District Court of New South Wales and continues as an Acting Judge. A solicitor from 1972 and barrister from 1976, he was formerly Deputy Director of Public Prosecutions for NSW from 1996–1999. Until 1991, when he became a Crown Prosecutor, he practised in civil law including common law, equity, commercial and administrative law and also in criminal law. From 1995–1999 his court work was appearing before the Court of Criminal Appeal, Court of Appeal and High Court.

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He is a co-author with Martin Blackmore SC of the subscription service Criminal Law NSW. His Honour Judge Martin Blackmore SC Martin Blackmore SC is a judge of the District Court of New South Wales. He was formerly Deputy Director of Public Prosecutions for NSW and had been with the ODPP since 1991 appearing in a large number of criminal trials and in appeals in the Court of Appeal, Court of Criminal Appeal and the High Court. Prior to 1991 he was a barrister in private practice specialising in criminal, company, administrative and tax law. In 2002 he was appointed to the Bench. He is a co-author with Greg Hosking SC of the subscription service Criminal Law NSW.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS Publisher’s Note ............................................................................................................................. v Table of Cases ............................................................................................................................... ix Criminal Liability Principles ............................................................................................................ 1 Crimes Act 1900 ......................................................................................................................... 125 Crimes Regulation 2015 .......................................................................................................... 1023 Crimes (Domestic and Personal Violence) Act 2007 ............................................................... 1027 Crimes (Criminal Organisations Control) Act 2012 .................................................................. 1107 Drug Misuse and Trafficking Act 1985 ..................................................................................... 1147 Summary Offences Act 1988 (Extracts) ................................................................................... 1267 Summary Offences Regulation 2015 ....................................................................................... 1323 Law Enforcement (Powers and Responsibilities) Act 2002 ..................................................... 1331 Bail Act 2013 ............................................................................................................................ 1537 Bail Regulation 2014 ................................................................................................................ 1611 Criminal Procedure Act 1986 ................................................................................................... 1627 Copyright © 2017. Thomson Reuters (Professional) Australia Pty Limited. All rights reserved.

Crimes (Sentencing Procedure) Act 1999 ............................................................................... 2039 Index ......................................................................................................................................... 2173 Important Note: This publication is extracted from Criminal Law NSW (subscription service, Lawbook Co.) and it reflects the paragraphing scheme adopted in that works. Some cross-references in this publication refer to paragraphs which are not reproduced in this book. In these cases, readers should refer to Criminal Law NSW for further information.

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TABLE OF CASES

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A A-G (NSW) v Bindoff (1953) 53 SR (NSW) 489; 70 WN (NSW) 309 ...................................... CA.52A.20, CA.52A.40 A (Children) (Conjoined Twins: Surgical Separation), Re [2001] 2 WLR 480; [2000] 4 All ER 961 ................................................................................................................................ CLP.2800, CLP.2820, CLP.2860 A (a child) (2000) 115 A Crim R 1 ................................................................................................................... CPA.281.20 A (a juvenile) v The Queen [1978] Crim LR 689 ............................................................................................ CA.195.100 AEL v The Queen (2007) 170 A Crim R 355; [2007] NSWCCA 97 ............................................................. CA.66A.120 AJS v The Queen (2007) 235 CLR 505; (2007) 171 A Crim R 436; 81 ALJR 1208; [2007] HCA 27 .................................................................................................................................................................... CA.61I.100 Aaron’s Reefs v Twiss [1896] AC 273 ........................................................................................................... CA.192G.120 Aarons Reefs Ltd v Twiss [1896] AC 273 ........................................................................................................ CA.179.200 Abbott v The Queen [1977] AC 755; [1976] 3 WLR 462; [1976] 3 All ER 140 ............................................... CLP.2640 Aboud v AG (NSW) (1987) 10 NSWLR 671; 31 A Crim R 127 .................................................................... CPA.19.180 Abrahams v Cavey [1968] 1 QB 479; [1967] 3 WLR 1229; [1967] 3 All ER 179 ............................................ CA.56.80 Ackroyds Air Travel Ltd v DPP [1950] 1 All ER 933 ....................................................................................... CA.345.80 Adams v Kennedy (2000) 49 NSWLR 78; [2000] NSWCA 152 ............................................................... LEPRA.99.160 Adams v The Queen (2008) 234 CLR 143; 183 A Crim R 534; [2008] HCA 15 ...................................... DMTA.25.220 Adelaide, City of v A/asian Performing Right Association Ltd (1928) 40 CLR 481 ............................................. CLP.80 Adler v District Court (NSW) (1990) 19 NSWLR 317; 48 A Crim R 420 ......... CPA.19.100, CPA.19.140, CPA.19.180 Aggelidis v Director of Public Prosecutions [2014] VSCA 6 ............................................................................ CA.44.120 Agnes Gore’s Case 77 ER 853; (1611) 9 Co Rep 81 .................................................................... CA.19A.400, CLP.1400 Ah-See v Heilpern [2000] NSWSC 627 ............................................................................................................ CPA.281.20 Ahern v The Queen (1988) 165 CLR 87; (1988) 34 A Crim R 175; [1988] HCA 39 ......................................... CLP.780 Airedale NHS Trust v Bland [1993] 2 WLR 316 ............................................................................................... CA.61.260 Akerele v The King [1943] AC 255; [1943] 1 All ER 367 ................................................................................ CA.24.220 Al-Kateb v Godwin (2004) 219 CLR 562; 78 ALJR 1099; [2004] HCA 37 ............................................... LEPRA.99.60 Albert v Lavin [1982] AC 546; [1981] 3 WLR 955; (1982) 74 Cr App R 150 ........................ CA.58.200, LEPRA.9.40, LEPRA.99.180 Alderson v Booth [1969] 2 QB 216; [1969] 2 WLR 1252; [1969] 2 All ER 271 ................... CA.33.160, LEPRA.99.40 Aldridge v Marks (1943) 44 SR (NSW) 69; 61 WN 2 .................................................................................. CA.527C.100 Alford v Magee (1952) 85 CLR 437; [1952] HCA 3 ......................................................................... CA.23.60, CLP.2280 Alister v The Queen (1983) 154 CLR 404 .............................................. CA.27.100, CA.28.100, CA.29.100, CA.30.100 Allamby v Medford [1974] 1 WLR 1494; 3 All ER 126 ................................................................................... CA.97.120 Allen v Flood [1898] AC 1 ............................................................................................................................... CA.545B.40 Allen v Westley (1629) Het 97 .......................................................................................................................... CA.327.180 Allison v Lowe [1988] Tas R 21 ....................................................................................................................... DMTA.6.20 Alphacell Ltd v Woodward [1972] AC 824; [1972] 2 WLR 1320; [1972] 2 All ER 475 ...................................... CLP.80 Amery v Solicitor General [1987] 2 NZLR 292 ............................................................................................... CPA.19.160 Ammann v Wegener (1972) 129 CLR 415; 46 ALJR 638; [1972] HCA 58 ................................................... CA.319.140 Anderson v Ah Nam (1904) 4 SR (NSW) 492 ............................................................................................... CPA.156.140 Anderson v Attorney-General (NSW) (1987) 10 NSWLR 198; 27 A Crim R 103 ..................... CA.93B.20, CA.93B.80, CA.93B.100, CA.93B.140 Anderson v Judges of District Court (NSW) (1992) 27 NSWLR 701; 62 A Crim R 277 ... CA.527C.60, CA.527C.100, CA.527C.140, CLP.80, LEPRA.11.20, LEPRA.99.80 Anderson v Kynaston [1924] VLR 214 ................................................................................................................ SOA.4.20 Anderson v Lynch (1982) 17 NTR 21 ............................................................................................................... CA.188.180 Anderton v Ryan [1985] AC 567 .................................................................................................................... CA.344A.100

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TABLE OF CASES

Andrews v Director of Public Prosecutions [1937] AC 576; (1938) 26 Cr App R 34 ................. CA.24.180, CA.24.200, CA.24.220, CA.24.240, CA.54.100, CLP.1300 Andrews v The Queen (1968) 126 CLR 198; 43 ALJR 57; [1968] HCA 84 ...................... CA.178A.100, CA.178A.140 Anglim and Cooke v Thomas [1974] VR 363 .................................................................................................... CA.117.20 Anic v The Queen (1993) 61 SASR 223 ........................................................................................................... CA.117.260 Ansari v The Queen (2007) 70 NSWLR 89; (2007) 173 A Crim R 112; [2007] NSWCCA 204 ........................ CLP.740 Ansari v The Queen (2010) 241 CLR 299; (2010) 202 A Crim R 505; [2010] HCA 18 ..................................... CLP.740 Ansari v The Queen (2010) 241 CLR 299; 202 A Crim R 505; [2010] HCA 18 ................................................. CLP.980 Appeal of Camp [1975] 1 NSWLR 452 ................................................................................................ CA.8.20, SOA.3.60 Appeal of Parsons (unreported, NSWDC, 14 August 1974) ................................................................................ SOA.9.20 Appeal of Ravnjak (1973) 3 DCR (NSW) 166 ................................................................................................... CA.58.280 Applin v Race Relations Board [1973] QB 815; [1973] 2 WLR 895; [1973] 2 All ER 1190 ............................. CLP.960 Apted v The Queen [1981] Tas R 140; (1981) 5 A Crim R 141 ..................................................................... CA.19A.660 Arnison v Smith (1889) 41 Ch D 348 ............................................................................................................ CA.192G.120 Arnison v Smith (1989) 41 Ch D 348 .......................................................................................................... CA.178BB.200 Arno v Forsyth (1986) 9 FCR 576 ............................................................................................................... LEPRA.48.120 Arnol v The Queen [1981] Tas R 157; 7 A Crim R 291 ................................................................................... CA.428I.40 Arrowsmith v Jenkins [1963] 2 QB 561; [1963] 2 WLR 856; [1963] 2 All ER 210 ...................... SOA.5.40, SOA.6.40 Arton (No 2), Re [1896] 1 QB 509 ..................................................................................................................... CA.250.40 Arulthilakan v The Queen (2003) 78 ALJR 257; [2003] HCA 74 .................................. CA.19A.440, CLP.420, CLP.440 Ashbury v Reid [1961] WAR 49 ............................................................................................................................... CLP.80 Ashby v Tolhurst [1937] 2 KB 242 ..................................................................................................................... CA.125.60 Astor v Hayes (1988) 38 A Crim R 219 ............................................................................................................ CA.117.200 Athens Maritime Enterprises Corp v Hellenic Mutual War Risks Association (Bermuda) (The Andreas Lemos) [1983] QB 647; [1983] 2 WLR 425 ................................................................................. CA.93B.80 Attorney-General v Able [1984] QB 795; [1983] 3 WLR 845; [1984] 1 All ER 277 ..................................... CA.31C.20 Attorney-General v Bradlaugh (1884) 14 QBD 667 ............................................................................................. CLP.1520 Attorney-General v British Museum Trustees [1903] 2 Ch 598 ....................................................................... CA.117.260 Attorney-General v Butterworth [1963] 1 QB 696; [1962] 3 WLR 819; [1962] 3 All ER 326 ..................... CA.319.140 Attorney-General v Curran [2004] NSWCCA 234 ............................................................................................. CA.61L.80 Attorney-General v Edwards [1935] IR 500 ..................................................................................................... CA.19A.420 Attorney-General v Mayas Pty Ltd (1988) 36 A Crim R 345 ............................................................................ CA.578.20 Attorney-General v Whelan [1934] IR 518 ...................................................................... CLP.2500, CLP.2540, CLP.2640 Attorney-General (NSW) v Dean (1990) 20 NSWLR 650; (1990) 50 A Crim R 342 ....................................... CLP.1480 Attorney-General (NSW) v Milat (1995) 37 NSWLR 370; 80 A Crim R 530 ............................ CPA.19.180, CPA.36.20 Attorney-General (NSW) v Whiley (1993) 31 NSWLR 314 ............................................................................. SPA.Pt1.20 Attorney-General (NT) v Kearney (1985) 158 CLR 500 ............................................................................ LEPRA.48.160 Attorney-General (SA) v Brown (1960) 34 ALJR 18; [1960] AC 432; [1960] 2 WLR 588; [1960] 1 All ER 734 ............................................................................................................. CLP.1120, CLP.1200, CPA.159.20 Attorney-General (SA) v Kitchen (1989) 51 SASR 54 .................................................................................. CPA.154.200 Attorney-General (Vic) v McLachlan [1998] 2 VR 55; (1997) 93 A Crim R 557 .......................................... CA.319.140 Attorney-General of Hong Kong v Chiuk-Wah (Pat) [1971] AC 835; 55 Cr App R 342 .................................. CA.4.260 Attorney-General of Northern Ireland v Gallagher [1963] AC 349; [1961] 3 WLR 619; [1961] 3 All ER 299 ................................................................................................................................... CA.428I.60, CLP.1180 Attorney-General’s Application under s 37 of the Crimes (Sentencing Procedure) Act 1999 (NSW) (No 3 of 2002), Re (2004) 61 NSWLR 305; 147 A Crim R 546 .................................................................. CLP.1360 Attorney-General’s Application under s 37 of the Crimes (Sentencing Procedure) Act 1999 (No 1 of 2002) (2002) 56 NSWLR 146; (2002) 137 A Crim R 180; [2002] NSWCCA 518 ................................ SPA.33.20 Attorney-General’s Application under s 37 of the Crimes (Sentencing Procedure) Act 1999 [No 2 of 2002], Re (2002) 137 A Crim R 196; [2002] NSWCCA 515 .................................................................. CA.60.200 Attorney-General’s Reference (No 1 of 1983) [1985] QB 182; (1984) 79 Cr App R 288 ............................. CA.156.120 Attorney-General’s Reference (No 1 of 1985) [1986] QB 491; (1986) 83 Cr App R 70 ................................. CA.157.60 Attorney-General’s Reference (No 1 of 1974) [1974] 1 QB 744; (1974) 59 Cr App R 203 ......................... CA.188.160

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TABLE OF CASES

Attorney-General’s Reference (No 1 of 1975) [1975] QB 773; [1975] 2 All ER 684; (1975) 61 Cr App R 118 ....................................................................................................................................................... CA.351.60 Attorney-General’s Reference (No 1 of 1985) (1985) 41 SASR 147; 19 A Crim R 436 ................. CA.173.160, CLP.80 Attorney-General’s Reference (No 1 of 1988) (1988) 49 SASR 1 .................................................................. CPA.113.40 Attorney-General’s Reference (No 1 of 1989) [1989] 1 WLR 1117; [1989] 3 All ER 571; (1990) 90 Cr App R 141 ......................................................................................................................................... CA.78A.160 Attorney-General’s Reference (No 1 of 1992) [1993] 1 WLR 274; 2 All ER 190; (1993) 96 Cr App R 298 ....................................................................................................................................................... CA.61P.20 Attorney-General’s Reference (No 2 of 1982) [1984] 1 QB 624; (1984) 78 Cr App R 131 ......................... CA.173.200 Attorney-General’s Reference (No 2 of 1992) [1994] QB 91; [1993] 4 All ER 683 ........................................... CLP.280 Attorney-General’s Reference (No 3 of 1983) [1985] 1 All ER 501 ................. CA.93C.100, CA.93C.140, CA.93C.160 Attorney-General’s Reference (No 3 of 1987) (1987) 48 SASR 1; 30 A Crim R 343 ............... CA.173.200, CPA.17.20 Attorney-General’s Reference (No 3 of 1994) [1996] 2 WLR 412; 2 All ER 10; 1 Cr App R 351 ............ CA.52A.160, CA.24.120 Attorney-General’s Reference (No 3 of 1994) [1998] AC 245; [1997] 3 WLR 421; [1997] 3 All ER 936 .......................................................................................................................................................... CA.19A.100 Attorney-General’s Reference (No 4 of 1980), Re [1981] 1 WLR 705; [1981] 2 All ER 617; (1981) 73 Cr App R 40 ......................................................................................................... CA.19A.160, CA.19A.420 Attorney-General’s Reference (No 6 of 1980) [1981] QB 715; 3 WLR 125; 2 All ER 1057 ..... CA.61.160, CA.61.220, CA.61.260, CA.61.320 Attorney General (NSW), Re (2004) 61 NSWLR 305; 147 A Crim R 546; [2004] NSWCCA 303 .............. SPA.10.100 Aubin, Ex parte; Re Munday (1930) 47 WN (NSW) 37 ................................................................................. CA.545C.60 August v Fingleton [1964] SASR 22 ................................................................................................................ CA.52A.180 Auld v Purdy (1933) 50 WN (NSW) 218 .................................................................................... CA.93X.80, CA.546A.40 Austin v The Queen (1995) 84 A Crim R 374 .................................................................................................. CPA.19.180 Australian Broadcasting Corporation v Cloran (1984) 4 FCR 151; 57 ALR 742 ............. LEPRA.48.120, LEPRA.76.40 Australian Federal Police, Commissioner of v Propend Finance Pty Ltd (1997) 188 CLR 501; 91 A Crim R 451 .......................................................................................................................................... LEPRA.48.160 Australian Federation of Air Pilots v Australian Airlines Ltd (1991) 28 FCR 360; 52 A Crim R 464 ..................................................................................................................................................................... CA.31.80 Australian Fisheries Management Authority v Su (2009) 176 FCR 95; (2009) 195 A Crim R 352; [2009] FCAFC 56 ............................................................................................................................................. CLP.1380 Australian Iron & Steel Pty Ltd v Environment Protection Authority (1992) 29 NSWLR 497; (1992) 66 A Crim R 134 ................................................................................................................ CLP.1360, CLP.1380 Australian Oil Refining Pty Ltd v Cooper (1989) 11 NSWLR 277 .................... CPA.19.160, CPA.156.20, CPA.156.240 Australian Slate Quarries Ltd v Commissioner for Taxation (Cth) (1923) 33 CLR 416 .................................. CA.201.20 Axon v Axon (1937) 59 CLR 395; [1937] HCA 80 ............................................................................................. CLP.1520 Azzi v The Queen [2008] NSWCCA 169 ....................................................................................... CA.95.120, CA.96.100 Azzopardi v The Queen (2001) 205 CLR 50; (2001) 119 A Crim R 8; [2001] HCA 25 .............................. CA.19A.100

B B v The Queen (1958) 44 Cr App R 1 ................................................................................................................... CLP.560 B v The Queen (1992) 175 CLR 599; (1992) 63 A Crim R 225; [1992] HCA 68 ........................................ CA.78A.100 B v The Queen [2015] NSWCCA 103 .................................................................................................................. CLP.2820 B, Re [1981] 2 NSWLR 372 .......................................................................................................... CA.319.140, CPA.36.20 B (a child) v Director of Public Prosecutions [2000] 2 AC 428; [2000] 2 WLR 452; [2000] 1 All ER 833 .............................................................................................................................................................. CLP.1380 BRS v The Queen (1997) 191 CLR 275; 95 A Crim R 400; [1997] HCA 47 ...................................................... CLP.580 Bacon v Salamane (1965) 112 CLR 85 ............................................................................................................ CA.527A.80 Bacon (1663) 1 Lev 146; 83 ER 341 ...................................................................................................................... CLP.880 Bahri Kural v The Queen (1987) 162 CLR 502; 29 A Crim R 12 ...................................................................... CA.7.120 Baker v Campbell (1983) 153 CLR 52; 57 ALJR 749; [1983] HCA 39 ............................ LEPRA.23.80, LEPRA.48.40, LEPRA.48.160 Balcombe v De Simoni (1972) 126 CLR 576 .............................................................. CA.176A.80, CA.179.300, CLP.80

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TABLE OF CASES

Baldock v Douglas (1953) 56 WALR 82 ................................................................................................................ CA.7.80 Baldwin v Samuels (1973) 6 SASR 144 ......................................................................................................... CA.527C.160 Bales v Parmeter (1935) 35 SR (NSW) 182; 52 WN 41 .................................................................................... CA.58.280 Ball v Humphreys, Ex parte Humphreys; Carroll v Hasz, Ex parte Hasz [1903] St R Qd 250 ....................... CA.502.60 Ball v McIntyre (1966) 9 FLR 237 ....................................................................................................................... SOA.4.20 Balogh v The Queen (1954) 72 WN (NSW) 108 ............................................................................................. CA.188.180 Banditt v The Queen (2005) 224 CLR 262; 157 A Crim R 420; [2005] HCA 80 .................. CA.4A.40, CA.61HA.100, CA.112.100 Bannister v Clarke [1920] 3 KB 598 ............................................................................................................... CPA.156.140 Bannister v The Queen (1993) 10 WAR 484 .................................................................................................... CPA.293.40 Bannon v The Queen (1995) 185 CLR 1; 83 A Crim R 370; [1995] HCA 27 ................................................. CPA.21.80 Barbaro v Quilty [1999] ACTSC 119 ................................................................................................................ CA.199.140 Barber v Harvey (1942) 60 WN (NSW) 32 ................................................................................. CA.93X.80, CA.546A.40 Barca v The Queen (1975) 133 CLR 82; 50 ALJR 108; [1975] HCA 42 .......................................... CLP.580, CLP.2260 Barclays Bank Ltd v Milne [1963] 1 WLR 1241; [1963] 3 All ER 663 ........................................................... CA.438.20 Barker v Bremner (1891) 17 VLR 643 .......................................................................................................... LEPRA.23.80 Barker v The Queen (1983) 153 CLR 338; 57 ALJR 426; [1983] HCA 18 .............................. CA.112.100, CA.117.200 Barker v Wingo (1972) 407 US 514 .................................................................................................................. CPA.19.180 Barnes v Gougousis [1969] VR 1019 .............................................................................................................. CPA.156.140 Barnet LBC v Eastern Electricity Board [1973] 1 WLR 430; [1973] 2 All ER 319 .................................... CA.192F.140 Barnett & Grant v Campbell (1902) 21 NZLR 484 ....................................................................................... LEPRA.23.80 Barrington v Rochford [1926] VLR 492 ............................................................................................................ CA.91A.40 Barron v Attorney-General (NSW) (1987) 10 NSWLR 215; 29 A Crim R 230 ....................... CPA.19.100, CPA.19.140, CPA.19.160, CPA.66.40 Barronet and Allain, Re (1852) 1 Ellis & Blackburn 1 ........................................................................................ CLP.1480 Barton v Armstrong [1969] 2 NSWR 451 ........................................................................................................... CA.61.120 Barton v The Queen (1980) 147 CLR 75; 55 ALJR 31; [1980] HCA 48 ........... CPA.19.100, CPA.19.120, CPA.19.140, CPA.19.160, CPA.21.380, CPA.62.100, CPA.66.40, CPA.113.20, CPA.113.40 Bassell v McGuiness (1981) 29 SASR 508 .............................................................................. CA.52A.120, CA.52AB.80 Basser v Medical Board [1981] VR 953 ......................................................................................................... CPA.156.160 Bastable v Little [1907] 1 KB 59 ........................................................................................................................ CA.58.160 Basto v The Queen (1954) 91 CLR 628; [1954] HCA 78 ..... CA.38A.20, CA.41A.20, CA.27.20, CA.28.20, CA.29.20, CA.39.20, CA.41.20 Bates v McDonald (1985) 2 NSWLR 89; 17 A Crim R 53 ............................................................................... CPA.19.40 Bauer v O’Sullivan [1957] SASR 185 ............................................................................................................ CA.178B.120 Baumgarten v Vincent (1930) 33 WALR 50 ................................................................................................... CPA.156.140 Bayley v Police (2007) 99 SASR 413; 178 A Crim R 202; [2007] SASC 411 ................................ CLP.2800, CLP.2820 Baynes v Brewster (1841) 2 QB 375; 114 ER 149 ......................................................................................... LEPRA.9.40 Beak v Thyrwhit (1678) 3 Mod Rep 194; 87 ER 124 .................................................................................... CPA.156.160 Beal v Kelley [1951] 2 All ER 763; 35 Cr App R 128 ..................................................................................... CA.61L.80 Beavan v Rankine (1983) 36 SASR 120 .............................................................................................................. SPA.10.80 Beavan v The Queen (1954) 92 CLR 660; [1954] HCA 41 ....................................................... CA.19A.20, CA.19A.600 Beck v The Queen [1984] WAR 127 ................................................................................................................. CPA.293.40 Beckwith v The Queen (1976) 135 CLR 569 ......................................................................................................... CA.7.80 Bedelph v The Queen [1980] Tas R 23; (1980) 1 A Crim R 445 ....................................... CLP.260, CLP.340, CLP.1140 Bedi v The Queen (1993) 61 SASR 269; (1993) 68 A Crim R 539 .................................................................... CLP.1180 Bedser, Ex parte; Re Kotze (1968) 88 WN (Pt 1) (NSW) 53 ...................................................................... CA.52AB.140 Beer v McCann; Ex parte McCann [1993] 1 Qd R 25; 57 A Crim R 101 ........................................................ CA.60.120 Beer v Toms [1952] QSR 116 ........................................................................................................................... CA.546A.40 Beer v Toms; Ex parte Beer [1952] St R Qd 116 .............................................................................................. CA.93X.80 Begley v Police (1995) 78 A Crim R 417 ........................................................................................................... SOA.15.40 Bell v Atwell (1987) 32 A Crim R 181 ............................................................................................................ CA.547D.20 Bell v DPP (Jamaica) [1985] AC 937 ................................................................................................................ CPA.19.180 Bellino v Clair [1993] 2 Qd R 236; (1992) 63 A Crim R 346 ......................................................................... CPA.160.20

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TABLE OF CASES

Beneficial Finance Corporation Ltd v Commissioner of Australian Federal Police (1991) 31 FCR 523; 58 A Crim R 1 ........................................................................................................ LEPRA.48.120, LEPRA.76.20 Benford v Sims [1898] 2 QB 641 ........................................................................................................................ CA.345.60 Bennett v Horseferry Road Magistrates Court [1994] 1 AC 42; [1993] 3 WLR 90; 3 All ER 138 ............... CPA.19.160 Benney v Dowling [1959] VR 237 ................................................................................................................... CA.52A.180 Benson v Northern Ireland Road Transport Board [1942] AC 520 .................................................................. CPA.156.40 Benson v Rogers [1966] Tas SR 97 ............................................................................................. CA.93X.80, CA.546A.40 Bentley v Brudzinski (1982) 75 Cr App R 217 .................................................................................................... CA.60.80 Benzce v The Queen [2015] NSWSC 139 ......................................................................................................... BA.16A.40 Berger v United States 295 US 78 (1935) ......................................................................................................... CPA.160.20 Bergin v Stack (1953) 88 CLR 248; [1953] HCA 53 .......................................................................................... CLP.1380 Berlyn v Brouskos (2002) 134 A Crim R 111; [2002] VSC 377 .................................................................... CA.51A.100 Berton v Alliance Economic Investment Co Ltd [1922] 1 KB 742 ......................................................................... CLP.80 Berwin v Donohoe (1915) 21 CLR 1 .................................................................................................................. CA.345.40 Besey v Mackenzie (1987) 31 A Crim R 347 ..................................................................................................... CPA.64.40 Bibithe’s Case (1597) 4 Co Rep 43b ................................................................................................................... CA.346.80 Bilbie v Lumley 102 ER 448; (1802) 2 East 469 ................................................................................................. CLP.1380 Billing v Pill [1954] 1 QB 70 ............................................................................................................................ CA.117.260 Binskin v Watson (1990) 48 A Crim R 33 ............................................................................................................ CLP.1360 Bird v Jones (1845) 7 QB 742; 115 ER 671 ......................................................................................................... CA.95.80 Birt v Barlow 99 ER 113; (1779) 1 Doug KB 171 .......................................................................................... CA.78A.100 Bishop v Bishop [1901] P 325 ............................................................................................................................ SOA.13.20 Bishop v Cody [1939] VLR 246 ...................................................................................................................... CPA.156.140 Bishop v Pentland (1827) 7 B & C 219; 108 ER 705 ........................................................................................ CA.32.100 Black v Corkery (1988) 33 A Crim R 134 ................................................................................. CA.545C.40, CA.545C.60 Black v The Queen (1993) 179 CLR 44; 69 A Crim R 248; [1993] HCA 71 .............................. CLP.1900, CPA.162.80 Blackburn v Bowering [1994] 1 WLR 1324 ....................................................................................................... CA.61.120 Blackmore v Linton [1961] VR 374 .................................................................................................................... CA.351.60 Blackwell v The Queen (2011) 81 NSWLR 119; 208 A Crim R 392; [2011] NSWCCA 93 ...... CA.4A.40, CA.19A.20, CA.19A.600, CA.192E.260, CA.33.180, CA.35.40, CA.35.100, CA.195.80, CPA.162.60 Blades v Higgs (1865) 11 HLC 621 .................................................................................................................. CA.117.260 Blair v Curran (1939) 62 CLR 464 .................................................................................................................. CPA.156.280 Blake v Allen (1600) Moore 619 ......................................................................................................................... CA.250.40 Blazevski v Judges of The District Court of NSW (unreported, CA (NSW), 10 November 1992) ................. CPA.19.40 Blewitt v The Queen (1988) 62 ALJR 503; 80 ALR 353; [1988] HCA 43 ..................................................... CPA.150.60 Bloch v Bloch (1981) 55 ALJR 701 .................................................................................................................... CPA.19.40 Blockburger v United States (1932) 284 US 299 ...................................................................... CPA.156.80, CPA.156.240 Bodna v Deller [1981] VR 183 ........................................................................................................................ CPA.156.160 Boehm v Director of Public Prosecutions (Vic) [1990] VR 475 ...................................................................... CPA.19.180 Bolton, Re; Ex parte Beane (1987) 162 CLR 514 ......................................................................................... LEPRA.76.20 Bond v Reynolds [1960] VR 601 ........................................................................................................................ SOA.17.40 Booth v Hanley (1826) 2 C & P 288 ............................................................................................................... LEPRA.9.40 Borodin v The Queen [2006] NSWCCA 83 ........................................................................................................ CPA.21.20 Boston v The Queen (1923) 33 CLR 386 ........................................................................................................... CPA.17.20 Bottroff v Holland [1965] SASR 397 ............................................................................................................... CA.52A.180 Bou-Simon v Attorney-General (Cth) (2000) 96 FCR 325; 113 A Crim R 320 .............................................. CPA.19.160 Boughey v The Queen (1986) 161 CLR 10; (1986) 20 A Crim R 156; [1986] HCA 29 ...... CA.19A.500, CA.19A.520, CA.61L.80, CA.52AB.140, CA.61.120, CA.61.140, CA.199.120 Bourke v The Queen (2010) 199 A Crim R 38; [2010] NSWCCA 22 .............................................................. CA.33.100 Bowden v Box [1916] GLR (NZ) 443 ........................................................................................................... LEPRA.48.80 Bowmaker Ltd v Tabor [1941] 2 KB 1 ................................................................................................................. CLP.1480 Bowman v Secular Society Ltd [1917] AC 406 .............................................................................. CA.529.40, CA.574.20 Bowman, Ex parte (1866) 6 SCR (NSW) 15 .................................................................................................... CA.131.120 Boxer v The Queen (1995) 14 WAR 505; 81 A Crim R 299 .......................................................................... CA.93B.140

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Boyd v The Queen (1989) 44 A Crim R 111 .................................................................................................... CPA.162.40 Bracey v Read [1963] Ch 88 ................................................................................................................................. SOA.3.40 Bradbury v Staines [1970] Qd R 76 ...................................................................................................................... SOA.5.60 Bradley v Commonwealth (1973) 128 CLR 557 ............................................................................................. LEPRA.9.20 Bradrose Pty Ltd v Commissioner of Police [1989] 2 Qd R 304; 41 A Crim R 274 ................................ LEPRA.48.120 Brady v Lenthall [1930] SASR 314 ...................................................................................................... CA.8.20, SOA.4.20 Brady v Schatzel [1911] St R Qd 206 ............................................................................................. CA.61.120, CA.61.140 Brady, Re Oram, Ex parte (1935) 52 WN (NSW) 109 .................................................................................... CA.19A.100 Branch v Davison (1899) 15 WN (NSW) 284 .................................................................................................. CA.117.260 Bratty v Attorney-General for Northern Ireland [1963] AC 386 .............................. CA.19A.140, CA.428I.40, CA.61.80 Bratty v Attorney-General of Northern Ireland [1963] AC 386 ........................................................................... CLP.1140 Bratty v Attorney-General of Northern Ireland [1963] AC 386; [1961] 3 WLR 965; (1962) 46 Cr App R 1 ..... CLP.220, CLP.260, CLP.280, CLP.300, CLP.320, CLP.340, CLP.1040, CLP.1120, CLP.1140, CLP.2260 Brauer v O’Sullivan [1957] SASR 185 ........................................................................................................... CA.178B.100 Bravery v Bravery [1954] 1 WLR 1169; 3 All ER 59 ....................................................................................... CA.61.260 Braxton v Sugrue [1927] NZ Gas LR 31 ....................................................................................................... CA.546B.100 Brazil v Chief Constable of Surrey [1983] 1 WLR 1155; [1983] 3 All ER 537; (1983) 77 Cr App R 237 .......................................................................................................................................................... LEPRA.23.80 Brealy v Buckley [1934] ALR 371 .............................................................................................. CA.93X.80, CA.546A.40 Breen v The Queen (1976) 180 CLR 233 ............................................................................................... CA.Pt3.Div10.320 Brend v Wood (1946) 175 LT 306 ........................................................................................................................ CLP.1480 Brend v Wood (1946) 62 TLR 462 ....................................................................................................................... CLP.1280 Brennan v Bass (1984) 35 SASR 311 ................................................................................................................... CLP.1220 Brennan v The King (1936) 55 CLR 253; [1936] HCA 24 ....................................................... CA.19A.160, CA.345.100 Brentwood Justices; Ex Parte Wong (1980) 73 Cr App R 67 .......................................................................... CPA.19.180 Brewer v Castles (1984) 1 FCR 55 ................................................................................................................ LEPRA.76.20 Brian, Ex parte (1902) 2 SR (NSW) 125; 19 WN 123 ........................................................................................... CA.8.20 Briginshaw v Briginshaw (1938) 60 CLR 336; [1938] HCA 34 .............................................. CLP.1440, LEPRA.99.120 Briot v Riedel (1989) 44 A Crim R 29 ................................................................................................................ CPA.63.20 Britten v Alpogut [1987] VR 929; (1986) 23 A Crim R 254 ... CA.344A.40, CA.344A.60, CA.344A.80, CA.344A.100, CA.344A.140, CA.27.100, CLP.760 Britton v Commissioner for Road Transport (1947) 47 SR (NSW) 249 ............................................... CA.Pt3.Div10.320 Broad v Moore [1935] SASR 297 ..................................................................................................................... CA.527C.60 Broad v Parish (1941) 64 CLR 588 ...................................................................................................... CLP.80, SOA.17.40 Broadhurst v Paul; Broadhurst v Larkin [1954] VLR 541 ................................................................................. SOA.17.40 Broadhurst v The Queen [1964] AC 441; [1964] 2 WLR 38; [1964] 1 All ER 111 .......................................... CLP.1180 Bromley v The Queen (1986) 161 CLR 315 .......................................................................................... CA.Pt3.Div10.180 Brooks v Donegan [1953] VLR 90 ....................................................................................................................... SOA.9.20 Broome v Chenoweth (1946) 73 CLR 583 ................................................................................ CPA.113.40, CPA.156.140 Broome v Director of Public Prosecutions [1974] AC 587 .......................................................... CA.545B.40, CA.417.20 Bropho v Western Australia (1990) 171 CLR 1 ............................................................................................. LEPRA.76.20 Brott v The Queen (1992) 173 CLR 426; 58 A Crim R 97 ............................................................................... CA.250.40 Brown v Bergan (1991) 53 A Crim R 417 ............................................................................................................ CLP.1360 Brown v Julius [1959] Qd R 385 .............................................................................................................................. CLP.80 Brown v Lizars (1905) 2 CLR 837 .......................................................................................................................... CA.9.60 Brown v Robinson (1959) 60 SR (NSW) 297; 76 WN (NSW) 758 .......................................... CA.24.220, CA.52AA.40 Brown v The King (1913) 17 CLR 570; [1913] HCA 70 ............................................................... CA.19A.600, CLP.360 Brown v The Queen (1959) 33 ALJR 89 .............................................................................................................. CLP.1120 Browne v Dunn (1893) 6 R 67 .......................................................................................................... CLP.1840, CPA.36.20 Brownlie v Campbell (1880) 5 App Cas 925 .................................................................................................... CA.179.260 Bruce v The Queen (1987) 61 ALJR 603 ........................................................................................ CA.7.140, CA.117.440 Bruce v Williams (1989) 46 A Crim R 122 ........................................................................................................ CA.351.60 Bryan v Brown [1963] Tas SR 1 ........................................................................................................................ CA.93X.80 Bryan v White [1962] Tas SR 113 ................................................................................................. CA.93X.20, CA.93X.80

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Bryanston Finance v De Vries [1975] 2 WLR 718; [1975] 2 All ER 609 ...................................................... CA.529.240 Bryant v Collector of Customs [1984] 1 NZLR 280 ...................................................................................... CPA.156.280 Buckoke v Greater London Council [1971] Ch 655; [1971] 2 WLR 760; [1971] 2 All ER 254 ...................... CLP.2820 Bullard v The Queen [1957] AC 635; [1957] 3 WLR 656; (1958) 42 Cr App R 1 ......................... CA.23.60, CLP.2280 Burns v Nowell (1880) 5 QBD 444 ...................................................................................................................... CLP.1480 Burns v The Queen (2011) 205 A Crim R 240; [2011] NSWCCA 56 ................................................................ CA.44.80 Burrell v Harmer [1967] Crim LR 168 ............................................................................................................... CA.61.280 Burrell v The Queen (2007) 190 A Crim R 148; [2007] NSWCCA 65 ................... CA.19A.100, CA.19A.160, CLP.580 Burrell v The Queen (2009) 196 A Crim R 199; [2009] NSWCCA 163 .............................................................. CLP.580 Burrell v The Queen [2009] NSWCCA 193 .............................................................. CA.19A.100, CA.19A.160, CLP.580 Burton v Davies [1953] St R Qd 26 ...................................................................................................................... CA.95.80 Burton v Hudson [1909] 2 KB 564 ..................................................................................................................... CA.512.80 Bushel v Barrett 171 ER 1074; (1826) Ry & Mood 434 ................................................................................. CA.319.140 Bushell v Repatriation Commission (1992) 175 CLR 408; [1992] HCA 47 ........................................................... CLP.80 Butera v Director of Public Prosecutions (Vict.) (1987) 164 CLR 180; 30 A Crim R 417; 62 ALJR 7; 76 ALR 45; [1987] HCA 58 ..................................................................................................... DMTA.25.200 Byrne v Hebden [1913] QSR 233 ........................................................................................................................ CA.61.320

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C C v Director of Public Prosecutions [1994] 3 WLR 888; [1994] 3 All ER 190; [1995] 1 Cr App R 118 ....................................................................................................................................................................... CLP.560 C v Director of Public Prosecutions [1996] AC 1; [1995] 2 WLR 383; [1995] 2 All ER 43 .............................. CLP.560 C (1991) 55 A Crim R 478 .................................................................................................................................. CA.38.120 CB v Director of Public Prosecutions [2013] NSWSC 618 ............................................................................... CA.195.80 CTM v The Queen (2007) 171 A Crim R 371; [2007] NSWCCA 131 ................. CA.66A.100, CA.66C.120, CLP.1360 CTM v The Queen (2008) 236 CLR 440; (2008) 185 A Crim R 188; [2008] HCA 25 ........ CA.66A.100, CA.66C.100, CA.66C.120, CA.66D.100, CLP.1380 CTM v The Queen (2008) 236 CLR 440; 185 A Crim R 188; [2008] HCA 25 .............................. CLP.2100, CLP.2260 Cabassi v Vila (1940) 64 CLR 130 .................................................................................................................... CA.327.220 Cain v Doyle (1946) 72 CLR 409; [1946] HCA 38 ........................................................................................... CA.45.120 Cain v Glass (No 2) (1985) 3 NSWLR 230 ...................................................................................................... CPA.64.120 Callaghan v The Queen (1952) 87 CLR 115; [1952] HCA 55 ..................................................... CA.52A.200, CLP.1300 Caltex Refining Co Pty Ltd v Maritime Services Board (NSW) (1995) 36 NSWLR 552; 78 A Crim 368 .................................................................................................................................. CPA.213.40, CPA.214.40 Calvert v Mayes [1954] 1 QB 342 ...................................................................................................................... SOA.15.40 Cambridgeshire & Isle of Ely County Council v Rust [1972] 2 QB 426 .......................................................... CA.417.20 Cameron v Holt (1980) 142 CLR 342; (1980) 54 ALJR 202; [1980] HCA 5 .................................. CLP.1280, CLP.1380 Campbell v Director of Public Prosecutions [2009] NSWSC 973 ................................................................... CPA.214.40 Campbell v Rankin [1943] QWN 19 ................................................................................................................. CA.131.120 Campbell v The Queen [1981] WAR 286; (1980) 2 A Crim R 157 ........................... CA.52A.140, CA.24.100, CLP.480 Campbell v Tormey [1969] 1 WLR 189; [1969] 1 All ER 961; (1969) 53 Cr App R 99 ........................... LEPRA.99.40 Can Wiretap Reference [1984] 2 SCR 697 .................................................................................................... LEPRA.76.20 Canadian Pacific Tobacco Co Ltd v Stapleton (1952) 86 CLR 1; [1952] HCA 32 .......................................... CA.60.120 Caratti v The Queen [1984] WAR 313; (1983) 10 A Crim R 328; [1984] WAR 313 ...................................... CA.161.20 Cardiff Rating Authority v Guest Keen Baldwin’s Iron & Steel Co [1949] 1 KB 385 ...................................... SOA.3.40 Carlin v Thawat Chidkhunthod (1985) 4 NSWLR 182; 20 A Crim R 332 ............. CPA.62.40, CPA.62.120, CPA.63.20, CPA.64.60, CPA.64.80 Carling v O’Sullivan [1956] SASR 203 ......................................................................................................... CA.546B.120 Carmady v Hinton (1980) 23 SASR 409; 1 A Crim R 312 .............................................................................. CPA.19.160 Carnes v Visser [2000] TASSC 136 ....................................................................................................................... CA.60.80 Carr v The Queen (1988) 165 CLR 314; 35 A Crim R 387 .................................................................. CA.Pt3.Div10.660 Carr v The Queen (1988) 165 CLR 314; 35 A Crim R 387; [1988] HCA 47 .................................................... CLP.1880 Carroll v Mijovich (1991) 25 NSWLR 441; 58 A Crim R 243 ................ LEPRA.48.60, LEPRA.48.120, LEPRA.76.20 Carroll v Woods [1922] SASR 458 ......................................................................................................................... CA.8.20

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Carruthers v Sydebothom (1815) 4 M & S 77; 105 ER 764 ............................................................................. CA.32.100 Carter v Mace [1949] 2 All ER 714 .................................................................................................................... CA.345.80 Carter v Northmore Hale Davy & Leake (1995) 183 CLR 121; 81 A Crim R 19 .................................... LEPRA.48.160 Carter Patersons and Pickfords v Wessel [1947] KB 849 ................................................................................ CA.188.160 Carusi v The Queen (1990) 64 ALJR 657 ....................................................................................................... DMTA.26.60 Caruso v Boucher (1975) 10 SASR 71 ..................................................................................................................... CLP.80 Carver v AG (NSW) (1987) 29 A Crim R 24 ................................................................................................... CPA.19.180 Carver v Clerk of Blacktown Local Court (unreported, NSW Sup Ct, Black AJ, 13 March 1998) ......... LEPRA.48.120 Case Stated by Director of Public Prosecutions (No 2 of 1993) (1993) 61 SASR 1; 70 A Crim R 323 ....................................................................................................................................................................... CLP.580 Cassaniti v Croucher (2000) 48 NSWLR 623 ..................................................................... LEPRA.48.120, LEPRA.76.20 Cassell v The Queen (2000) 201 CLR 189; 110 A Crim R 317; [2000] HCA 8 ......................... CA.310D.60, CLP.1460 Cassidy, Ex parte (1902) 19 WN (NSW) 186 ..................................................................................................... CA.502.20 Castle v Olen (1985) 3 NSWLR 26 ................................................................................................................... DMTA.3.80 Castlebar Holding Pty Ltd v Riley (2005) 138 LGERA 338; [2005] NSWCCA 105 ..................................... CPA.214.20 Castro v The Queen (1881) 6 App Cas 229 ................................................................................ CPA.21.180, CPA.21.280 Caygill v Thwaite (1885) 1 TLR 386 .................................................................................................................. CA.512.20 Chadbourne v Ansell [1975] WAR 104 ............................................................................................................... CA.97.120 Chahine v The Queen [2006] NSWCCA 179 ......................................................................................................... CLP.580 Chamberlain v The Queen (No 2) (1984) 153 CLR 521; 58 ALJR 133; [1984] HCA 7 .............. CA.19A.100, CLP.580 Champion, The [1934] P 1 ..................................................................................................................................... CA.32.80 Chan Wing-Siu v The Queen [1985] AC 168; (1984) 80 Cr App R 117 ........................................................ CA.345.100 Chandler v Director of Public Prosecutions (2000) 49 NSWLR 1; 113 A Crim R 196; [2000] NSWCA 125 ................................................................................................................................ CA.94.140, CA.94.280 Chapman v Honig [1963] 2 QB 502; [1963] 3 WLR 19; [1963] 2 All ER 513 ............................................. CA.319.140 Chappel v Hart (1998) 195 CLR 232; 72 ALJR 1344; [1998] HCA 55 ............................................................... CLP.420 Chappell v Ross & Sons Pty Ltd [1969] VR 376 .................................................................................................... CLP.80 Chard v Wallis (1988) 12 NSWLR 453; 36 A Crim R 147 .......................................................................... CA.61HA.100 Charnock v Court [1899] 2 Ch 35 .................................................................................................................... CA.545B.40 Chatterton v Parker (1914) 111 LT 380 ................................................................................................................. CA.53.80 Chen v The Queen [2013] NSWCCA 116 ............................................................................................................. CA.35.40 Chenoweth v Broome [1947] VLR 1 ......................................................................................... CPA.154.40, CPA.156.180 Chesney v Newsholme (1908) P.301 ....................................................................................................... CA.Pt3.Div10.420 Chester v The Queen (1988) 165 CLR 611; 36 A Crim R 382 ......................................................................... CA.23A.60 Chesterfield v Fountaine [1908] 1 Ch 243 .......................................................................................................... CA.512.80 Cheung v The Queen (1997) 97 A Crim R 283 ........................................................................................................ CLP.80 Chia Gee v Martin (1905) 3 CLR 649 .............................................................................................................. CPA.156.80 Chic Fashions (West Wales) Ltd v Jones [1968] 2 QB 299; [1968] 2 WLR 201; [1968] 1 All ER 229 ..................................................................................................................................... LEPRA.23.80, LEPRA.48.60 Chief Constable of Norfolk v Clayton [1983] 2 AC 473 ................................................................................. CA.93B.100 Chin v Ryde City Council (2004) 133 LGERA 312; [2004] NSWCCA 167 ..................................................... SPA.10.80 Chong v Schultz (2000) 112 A Crim R 59; [2000] FCA 582 ....................................................................... LEPRA.76.20 Chow v Director of Public Prosecutions (1992) 28 NSWLR 593; 63 A Crim R 316 ........... CPA.154.100, CPA.154.200 Christianos v Director of Public Prosecutions (WA) (1992) 9 WAR 345; 69 A Crim R 461 ........................... CPA.66.40 Christie v Leachinsky [1947] AC 573; [1947] 1 All ER 567 .......................... CA.33.160, LEPRA.23.80, LEPRA.99.60, LEPRA.99.160 Christophers v The Queen (2000) 23 WAR 106; (2000) 116 A Crim R 280; [2000] WASCA 308 ................. CA.61I.60 Chugg v Pacific Dunlop Limited (1990) 170 CLR 249; 50 A Crim R 85; [1990] HCA 41 ................................ CLP.360 Chung v The Queen (2007) 175 A Crim R 579 ................................................................................................ CPA.19.160 Churchill v Walton [1967] 2 AC 224; [1967] 2 WLR 682; (1967) 51 Cr App R 212 ......................... CLP.720, CLP.740 Cichon v Director of Public Prosecutions (UK) [1994] Crim LR 918 ................................................................ CLP.2820 Cintana v Burgoyne (2003) 13 NTLR 130; 143 A Crim R 296; [2003] NTSC 106 .................................. LEPRA.99.180 Cioban v The Queen (2003) 139 A Crim R 265; [2003] NSWCCA 304 ....................................................... CA.33A.100 Clapton, Re (1848) 3 Cox CC 126 ...................................................................................................................... CA.155.40

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Clark v Esanda Ltd [1984] 3 NSWLR 1 ......................................................................................................... CA.192F.140 Clark v Hunter [1956] SLT 188 ......................................................................................................................... DMTA.3.80 Clark v Johnson [1967] SASR 279 ................................................................................................................... CA.249B.40 Clark v The Queen (1884) 14 QBD 92 .......................................................................................................... CA.546B.120 Clarke v Nelson, Ex parte Nelson [1936] QWN 17 .................................................................... CA.93X.80, CA.546A.40 Clarke, Ex parte (1895) 15 A Digest (1st ed) 996 .................................................................................................. CA.8.20 Clarkson v Aspinall [1950] QSR 79 .................................................................................................................. CA.131.120 Clarkson v Director of Public Prosecutions [1990] VR 745 ............................................................................... CPA.36.20 Clarkson v The Queen (2007) 171 A Crim R 1 .................................................................................................. CA.184.40 Clarkson v The Queen (2007) 171 A Crim R 1; [2007] NSWCCA 70 ........................... CLP.2260, CLP.2660, CLP.2820 Clarriss v Lamb; Ex parte Lamb [1910] QWN 28 ................................................................................................. CA.8.20 Clayton v Ralphs (1987) 45 SASR 347; 26 A Crim R 43 ...................................... CPA.17.20, CPA.19.160, CPA.19.180 Clayton v The Queen (2006) 168 A Crim R 174; [2006] HCA 58 ........................................... CA.19A.200, CA.345.160 Cleary v Booth [1893] 1 QB 465 ........................................................................................................................ CA.61.320 Cleary v Hammond [1976] 1 NSWLR 111 ..................................................... CA.527C.40, CA.527C.100, CA.527C.120 Cleary v Wilcocks (1946) 63 WN (NSW) 101 ................................................................................................. CA.527C.80 Cleland v The Queen (1982) 151 CLR 1; 57 ALJR 15; [1982] HCA 67 ..................................................... LEPRA.99.60 Clements v The State (1890) 11 SE 505 ............................................................................................................. CA.94.120 Clemesha v The Queen [1978] WAR 193 ......................................................................................................... CA.117.360 Clifford v White [1910] QSR 364 ...................................................................................................................... CA.131.120 Clift v Clift [1964–5] NSWR 1896; (1964) 82 WN (Pt 1) (NSW) 298 .............................................................. CLP.1200 Cliftleigh Haulage Pty Ltd v Byron Shire Council [2007] NSWCCA 13 ........................................................ CPA.214.40 Clixby v Weston (1988) 15 NSWLR 35; 38 A Crim R 60 .............................................................................. CA.154A.40 Clough v Leahy (1904) 2 CLR 139; 11 ALR 32; [1904] HCA 38 .................................................................. CA.316.200 Clout v Hutchinson (1950) 51 SR (NSW) 32; 67 WN (NSW) 203 ................................................ CA.54.100, CLP.1300 Clugston v Roberts [1915] VLR 456 .............................................................................................................. CA.527C.100 Clyne v Bowman (1987) 11 NSWLR 341; 33 A Crim R 280 ............................................................................... CLP.960 Clyne v NSW Bar Association (1960) 104 CLR 186 ....................................................................................... CPA.19.100 Coal-Heaver’s Case (1768) 1 Leach 64 ............................................................................................................... CA.345.80 Cobiac v Liddy (1969) 119 CLR 257; 43 ALJR 257 ............................ SPA.10.40, SPA.10.80, SPA.10.100, SPA.10.160 Coco v The Queen (1994) 179 CLR 427; 72 A Crim R 32 ........................ LEPRA.10.40, LEPRA.48.40, LEPRA.76.20 Coco v The Queen (1994) 179 CLR 427; 72 A Crim R 32; [1994] HCA 15 ................................................... CA.60.120 Coffey, Ex Parte; Re Evans [1971] 1 NSWLR 434 ................................................................................................ CLP.740 Coffill, Ex parte (1894) 15 LR (NSW) 191; 10 WN 222 ................................................................................... CA.512.80 Cohen v Huskisson (1837) 2 M & W 477 ....................................................................................................... LEPRA.9.40 Cohen v March [1951] 2 TLR 402 .................................................................................................................... CA.188.100 Cole v Turner (1705) 6 Mod 149; 87 ER 907 .................................................................................................... CA.61.120 Coleman v Director of Public Prosecutions (2000) 49 NSWLR 371; (2000) 114 A Crim R 298; [2000] NSWSC 275 ....................................................................................................................................... SOA.19.20 Coleman v Director of Public Prosecutions (2000) 49 NSWLR 371; 114 A Crim R 298; [2000] NSWSC 275 ...................................................................................................................................................... CA.26.40 Coleman v Power (2004) 220 CLR 1; 78 ALJR 1166; [2004] HCA 39 ...................................................... LEPRA.99.60 Collett v Bennett (1986) 21 A Crim R 410 ............................................................................................................... CLP.80 Collier v Hicks (1831) 2 B & Ad 663; 109 ER 1290 ......................................................................................... CPA.36.20 Collins v Wilcock [1984] 1 WLR 1172; [1984] 3 All ER 374; (1984) 79 Cr App R 229 ............ CA.58.200, CA.60.80, CA.60.120, CA.61.100, CA.61.120, CA.61.180 Colosimo v Director of Public Prosecutions (2005) 64 NSWLR 645; 155 A Crim R 573 ....... CA.93C.80, CA.93C.120 Combe’s case (1604) Moore 759 ......................................................................................................................... CA.250.40 Commonwealth v Bowen (1816) 13 Mass 365 ................................................................................................ CA.19A.380 Commonwealth v Cleary (1898) 172 Mass 175 ..................................................................................... CA.Pt3.Div10.320 Commonwealth Life Assurance Society Ltd v Smith (1938) 59 CLR 527; [1938] HCA 2 ............................ CPA.113.40 Commonwealth Smelting Ltd v Guardian Royal Exchange Assurance Ltd [1986] 1 Lloyd’s Rep 121 ..................................................................................................................................................................... CA.47.80

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Comptroller-General of Customs v D’Aquino Bros Pty Ltd (1996) 85 A Crim R 517; 130 FLR 383 .................................................................................................................................................................. SPA.10.120 Comptroller-General of Customs v Woodlands Enterprises Pty Ltd [1996] 1 Qd R 589; (1995) 83 A Crim R 579 ....................................................................................................................................................... CLP.80 Connelly v Director of Public Prosecutions [1964] AC 1254; 2 WLR 1145; 2 All ER 401; (1964) 48 Cr App R 183 ........ CA.19A.20, CPA.19.100, CPA.19.160, CPA.21.180, CPA.21.380, CPA.156.20, CPA.156.40, CPA.156.80, CPA.156.100, CPA.156.120, CPA.156.140, CPA.156.160, CPA.156.180, CPA.156.240, CPA.156.260 Conners v Craigie (1994) 76 A Crim R 502 ......................................................................................................... SOA.4.40 Connolly v Meagher (1906) 3 CLR 682 .................................................................................... CPA.156.20, CPA.156.240 Connor v Pittaway [1969] VR 335 ................................................................................................................. CA.546B.140 Connor v Sankey [1976] 2 NSWLR 570; 28 FLR 267 ...................................................................................... CPA.65.20 Connors v Craigie (1994) 76 A Crim R 502 ....................................................................................... CA.316.200, CLP.80 Conroy v Conroy (1917) 17 SR (NSW) 680 ....................................................................................................... CPA.19.40 Considine v Kirkpatrick [1971] SASR 73 ................................................................... CA.33B.120, CA.4.200, CA.97.120 Controlled Consultants Pty Ltd v Commissioner for Corporate Affairs (1985) 156 CLR 385; 59 ALJR 254; [1985] HCA 6 ............................................................................................................................ CA.316.200 Cooke v Purcell (1988) 14 NSWLR 51; 36 A Crim R 425 .................................. CPA.19.100, CPA.19.180, CPA.156.20 Cooper, Ex parte (1880) 1 LR (NSW) 143 ....................................................................................................... CA.327.220 Coorey, Ex parte (1944) 62 WN (NSW) 167 ...................................................................................................... CA.351.60 Corbett v The King (1932) 47 CLR 317; 33 SR (NSW) 14; [1932] HCA 36 .......................... CA.546C.100, CA.58.200 Corbett, Ex parte; Re Kelly (1940) 57 WN (NSW) 51 ................................................................................... CA.546A.40 Corbett re Kelly, Ex parte (1940) 57 WN (NSW) 51 ........................................................................................ CA.93X.80 Corcoran v Gurney (1853) 1 El & Bl 456; 118 ER 507 .................................................................................... CA.32.100 Cording v Trembath [1921] VLR 163 ................................................................................................................. CPA.30.20 Cordwell v Lincoln, Ex parte Lincoln [1914] QSR 186 ..................................................................................... CA.502.60 Cornelius v The Queen (1988) 34 A Crim R 49 ............................................................................................ CA.192E.140 Cornwell v The Queen (2007) 231 CLR 260; 169 A Crim R 89; [2007] HCA 12 .............................................. CLP.580 Corporate Affairs Commission v Bradley; Commonwealth (Intervener) [1974] 1 NSWLR 391 ...................... CPA.36.20 Corporate Affairs Commission v Papoulias (1989) 20 NSWLR 503 ................................. CA.192E.120, CA.178BA.120 Cotterill v Penn [1936] 1 KB 53 .................................................................................. CA.510.20, CA.511.40, CA.511.60 Coulter v The Queen (1988) 164 CLR 350; (1988) 30 A Crim R 471; [1988] HCA 3 ................. CA.59.100, CLP.1320 Courtney v Thomson (2007) 170 A Crim R 233; [2007] QCA 49 ............................................................. LEPRA.99.100 Coward v Allen (1984) 52 ALR 320 ............................................................................................................ LEPRA.48.120 Cowell v Corrective Services Commission (NSW) (1988) 13 NSWLR 714; 34 A Crim R 364 ..................... CA.61.140 Cox v Coleridge (1882) 1 B & C 37; 107 ER 15 ............................................................................................. CPA.62.120 Cox v Riley (1986) 83 Cr App R 54 ................................................................................................................. CA.195.100 Crafter v Kelly [1941] SASR 237 ................................................................................................... CA.417.20, SOA.12.20 Craig v South Australia (1995) 184 CLR 163 ................................................................................................... CPA.19.180 Crampton v The Queen (2000) 206 CLR 161; (2000) 117 A Crim R 222; [2000] HCA 60 .......................... CA.61N.80, CA.Pt3.Div10.620, CPA.36.20 Crane v Director of Public Prosecutions [1921] 2 AC 299 ....................................................... CPA.21.380, CPA.156.140 Crippen, Re [1911] P 108 ...................................................................................................................................... CLP.1460 Crofts v The Queen (1996) 186 CLR 427; 88 A Crim R 232 .............................. CA.Pt3.Div10.180, CA.Pt3.Div10.300, CA.Pt3.Div10.320, CA.Pt3.Div10.560, CA.Pt3.Div10.580, CA.Pt3.Div10.600, CA.Pt3.Div10.660 Cronau v Cahill; Ex parte Cahill [1952] QSR 183 .......................................................................................... CA.527C.80 Croton v The Queen (1967) 117 CLR 326 ................................................................ CA.117.80, CA.117.260, CA.162.40 Crowe v Graham (1968) 121 CLR 375; 41 ALJR 402; [1968] HCA 6 ................... CA.61L.100, CA.61N.80, SOA.5.60 Crowley v Murphy (1981) 52 FLR 123; [1981] FCA 31 ........................... LEPRA.23.80, LEPRA.48.60, LEPRA.48.80, LEPRA.48.120 Cucu v District Court of NSW (1994) 73 A Crim R 240 ................................................................................... CPA.19.40 Cullen v Meckelenberg [1977] WAR 1 ................................................................................................................. SOA.5.60 Cumberland v Department of Public Prosecutions (unreported, Supreme Court, NSW, Hulme J, 7 June 1996) ..................................................................................................................................................... CPA.212.20 Cumming v The Queen (1995) 86 A Crim R 156 .................................................................................................. CA.7.80

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Cummins, Re (1891) 25 Amer Rep 291 ............................................................................................................ CA.179.220 Cundy v Le Cocq (1884) 13 QBD 207 ................................................................................................................. CLP.1360 Cunliffe v Goodman [1950] 2 KB 237; [1950] 1 All ER 720 ............................................................................. CA.5.120 Cunningham v McFarlane (1881) 1 QLJ 49 ..................................................................................................... CA.131.120 Curry, Ex Parte (1904) 21 WN (NSW) 260 .................................................................................................... CPA.156.140 Curyer v Foote (1939) SASR 203 .................................................................................................................... CPA.156.140 Cutter v The Queen (1997) 71 ALJR 638; 94 A Crim R 152; [1997] HCA 7 ....... CA.4A.40, CA.19A.520, CA.27.100, CLP.1400

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D D v Director of Public Prosecutions [2000] NSWSC 1092 .............................................................................. CPA.214.40 D (an infant) v Parsons [1960] 1 WLR 797; [1960] 2 All ER 493 ................................................................... CA.345.80 DJB v The Queen [2007] NSWCCA 209 ...................................................................................................... CA.61HA.100 DPP v Aydogan (2006) 67 NSWLR 727; [2006] NSWSC 558 .................................................. CA.317.100, CA.317.120 DPP v Brauer [1991] 2 Qd R 261; (1989) 45 A Crim R 109 .......................................................................... CA.316.160 DPP v Burrow [2004] NSWSC 433 ..................................................................................................................... SPA.98.20 DPP v Cooke (2007) 168 A Crim R 379; [2007] NSWCA 2 ............................................................................. SPA.98.20 DPP v Daley [1980] AC 237; (1979) 69 Cr App R 39 .................................................................................... CA.19A.320 DPP v Kuo (1999) 49 NSWLR 226 ...................................................................................................................... CA.99.60 DPP v Nasralla [1967] AC 238; 3 WLR 13; 2 All ER 161 ............................................................................ CPA.156.140 DPP v Rogers [1953] 1 WLR 1017; [1953] 2 All ER 644; (1953) 37 Cr App R 137 ................. CA.61L.80, CA.61.120 DPP v Vivier [1991] 4 All ER 18 ............................................................................................................................ CA.8.20 DPP, Reference No 1 of 1992 v M (1993) 9 WAR 281; (1993) 65 A Crim R 197 ......................................... CA.61H.20 DPP (NSW) v Eades [2009] NSWSC 1352 ....................................................................................................... CA.61N.80 DPP (NSW) v Sinton (2001) 51 NSWLR 659; 124 A Crim R 317 ................................................................. CPA.167.20 DPP (NT) v WJI (2004) 219 CLR 43; (2004) 78 ALJR 1565; [2004] HCA 47 ......................................... CA.61HA.100 DPP (UK) v Morgan [1976] AC 182; (1975) 61 Cr App R 136 .............................................. CA.61.140, CA.61HA.100 DPP for Northern Ireland v Lynch [1975] AC 653; [1975] 2 WLR 641; [1975] 1 All ER 913 .................. CA.19A.140, CA.27.120 DRE v The Queen (2006) 164 A Crim R 400; [2006] NSWCCA 280 ................................................. CA.Pt3.Div10.180 Da Costa v The Queen (1968) 118 CLR 186 .................................................................................. CA.23.60, CA.423.100 Da Costa v The Queen (1968) 118 CLR 186; 42 ALJR 184; [1968] HCA 51 ................................................... CLP.2280 Daire v Lauss (1984) 35 SASR 508 ................................................................................................................ CPA.154.200 Dalia v US (1979) 441 US 238 ...................................................................................................................... LEPRA.76.20 Dallison v Caffery [1965] 1 QB 348; [1964] 3 WLR 385; [1964] 2 All ER 610 ........................................ LEPRA.99.60 Daly v Medwell (1986) 40 SASR 281; 17 A Crim R 68 ................................................................... CA.60.20, CA.60.80 Daniels Corporation International Pty Ltd v Australian Competition and Consumer Commission (2002) 213 CLR 543 ............................................................................................................................... LEPRA.48.160 Dannelly’s Case (1816) Russ & Ry 310 .............................................................................................................. CA.345.80 Darby v Director of Public Prosecutions (2004) 61 NSWLR 558; 150 A Crim R 314 ....... DMTA.37.20, LEPRA.30.20 Darkan v The Queen (2006) 227 CLR 373; (2006) 163 A Crim R 80; [2006] HCA 34 ............................... CA.19A.500 Darwiche v The Queen (2011) 209 A Crim R 424; [2011] NSWCCA 62 .......................................................... CLP.2280 Dau v Emanuele (1995) 60 FCR 270; 84 A Crim R 197 ................................................................................. CPA.19.160 Davern v Messel (1984) 155 CLR 21 .......................................... CPA.156.20, CPA.156.40, CPA.156.140, CPA.156.220 Davey v Lee [1968] 1 QB 366 ......................................................................................................................... CA.344A.60 Davidson v The Queen (2009) 75 NSWLR 150 ..................................................................................................... CLP.580 Davies v Director of Public Prosecutions [1954] AC 378; [1954] 1 All ER 507; (1954) 38 Cr App R 11 ................................................................................................................................................................. CA.83.120 Davies, Turner & Co Ltd v Brodie [1954] 1 WLR 1364; [1954] 3 All ER 283 ........................... CA.345.80, CA.351.60 Davis v Gell (1924) 35 CLR 275; [1924] HCA 56 ........................................................................................... CPA.113.40 Davis v Hayward (unreported, NT Sup Ct, 5 February 1997) .......................................................................... SPA.10.100 Davis v James (1884) 26 Ch D 778 .................................................................................................................... SOA.13.20 Davis v Lisle [1936] 2 KB 434; [1936] 2 All ER 213 ................... CA.546C.60, CA.546C.100, CA.58.140, CA.58.200, CA.60.120

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Davis v The Queen (1991) 56 A Crim R 340 ..................................................................................................... CA.351.60 Davis v The Queen (1998) 73 ALJR 139 .............................................................................................................. CA.23.80 Davis v The Queen [2006] NSWCCA 392 ...................................................................................... CA.86.100, CA.86.200 Davis, Ex parte (1897) 18 LR (NSW) 39; 13 WN 148 ...................................................................................... CA.502.60 Dawson v The Queen (1961) 106 CLR 1 ............................................................................................................... CLP.360 Day v The Queen (1984) 153 CLR 475 ......................................................................................... CA.310D.60, CLP.1460 Day v The Queen (1995) 81 A Crim R 60 ............................................................................................................. CLP.740 Day, Re (1922) 39 WN (NSW) 145 ................................................................................................................. CA.527A.80 De B v De B [1950] VLR 242 ................................................................................................................ CA.Pt3.Div10.440 De Gruchy v The Queen (2002) 211 CLR 85; (2002) 132 A Crim R 453; [2002] HCA 33 ......................... CA.19A.420 De Gruchy v The Queen (2002) 211 CLR 85; 132 A Crim R 453; [2002] HCA 33 ......................... CLP.580, CLP.1400 De Jesus v The Queen (1986) 22 A Crim R 375; [1986] HCA 65 ...................... CPA.21.180, CPA.21.200, CPA.21.240, CPA.21.260 De Kruiff v Smith [1971] VR 761 ................................................................................................................... CPA.154.200 De Varda v Constable Stengord (NSW Police) [2011] NSWSC 868 ............................................................... CPA.214.40 Dean v The Queen (2006) 166 A Crim R 341; [2006] NSWCCA 341 .......................................................... CA.61HA.80 Deane v Telford [1930] SASR 86 ................................................................................................................... CA.527C.100 Dearing v Passi (unreported, SC (NSW), 4 November 1994) ......................................................................... CA.546C.60 Dearnley v The King [1947] St R Qd 51 ......................................................................................... CA.428I.60, CLP.1180 Deeble v Nott (1941) 65 CLR 104; 58 WN (NSW) 116; [1941] HCA 11 ............. CA.39.100, CA.44.120, CA.196.120, CA.199.120 Delahunty, Ex parte; Re Willis (1934) 51 WN (NSW) 116 ............................................................................ CA.527A.80 Delaney v State 11 Smith (TN) 432; (1932) 51 SW 2d 485 .................................................................................. CLP.720 Demirok v The Queen (1977) 137 CLR 20 ......................................................................................................... CPA.19.40 Dennant v Skinner [1948] 2 KB 164 ................................................................................................................. CA.117.360 Dennis v Pight (1968) 11 FLR 458 ..................................................................................................................... CA.351.60 Derby Crown Court; Ex parte Brooks (1985) 80 Cr App R 164 ..................................................................... CPA.19.100 Deriz v The Queen (1999) 109 A Crim R 329; [1999] WASCA 267 .............................................................. CPA.160.20 Derriman v Slattery [1982] 1 NSWLR 214 ......................................................................................................... CA.444.40 Derry v Peak (1889) 14 App Cas 377 ............................................................................................................... CA.179.260 Desmond, Ex parte (1866) 5 SCR (NSW) 387 ................................................................................................. CA.117.200 Despard v Wilcox (1910) 102 LT 103 ................................................................................................................. CA.58.160 Devine v The Queen (1967) 119 CLR 506 ......................................................................................................... CA.432.20 Devine v The Queen [1982] Tas R 155; (1982) 8 A Crim R 45 .......................................................................... CA.27.80 Devine v The Queen [1982] Tas R 155; 8 A Crim R 45 ...................................................................................... CA.27.80 Devlin v Armstrong [1971] NILR 13 .................................................................................................................. CA.423.80 Dharmasena v The King [1951] AC 1 .................................................................................................................... CLP.780 Di Camillo v Wilcox [1964] WAR 44 ............................................................................................................. CPA.154.100 Dias v O’Sullivan [1949] SASR 195 ............................................................................................. CA.93X.20, CA.93X.80 Dibble v Ingleton [1972] 1 QB 480; [1972] 2 WLR 163; [1972] 1 All ER 275 .............................................. CA.58.160 Dick, Ex parte (1869) 8 SCR (NSW) 388 ............................................................................................................... CA.8.20 Dickey v Police [1964] NZLR 503 ........................................................................................................................ CA.60.80 Dickins v Gill [1896] 2 QB 310 .......................................................................................................................... CA.417.20 Dietrich v The Queen (1992) 177 CLR 292; 64 A Crim R 176; 109 ALR 385 ... CPA.19.40, CPA.19.120, CPA.19.180, CPA.36.20 Dillon v O’Brien and Davis (1887) 16 Cox CC 245 ..................................................................................... LEPRA.23.80 Dillon v The Queen [1982] AC 484; [1982] 2 WLR 538; [1982] 1 All ER 1017 ............................................. CLP.1460 Dinan v Brereton [1960] SASR 101 ........................................................................................... CA.546C.100, CA.58.200 Dinsdale v The Queen (2000) 202 CLR 321; 74 ALJR 1538; 115 A Crim R 558; [2000] HCA 54 ................ SPA.12.20 Director of Public Prosecution Reference (No 1 of 1999) (1999) 8 NTLR 148; 105 A Crim R 489; [1999] NTSC 23 ........................................................................................................................................... CLP.80 Director of Public Prosecutions v Alexander (1993) 33 NSWLR 482; (1993) 69 A Crim R 396 ..................... CLP.1520 Director of Public Prosecutions v Armstrong [2010] NSWSC 885 ............................................................ LEPRA.99.180 Director of Public Prosecutions v Beard [1920] AC 479; (1920) 14 Cr App R 159 ..................... CA.428I.20, CLP.1180

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Director of Public Prosecutions v Boardman [1975] AC 421; [1974] 3 WLR 673; [1974] 3 All ER 887 ................................................................................................................................................................. CPA.21.360 Director of Public Prosecutions v Boykin (unreported, Supreme Court, NSW, Wood J, No 10204 of 1994, 21 June 1994) ................................................................................................................................. CPA.212.20 Director of Public Prosecutions v Brooks (PC) [1974] AC 862; [1974] 2 WLR 899; [1974] 2 All ER 840 ........................................................................................................................................... CA.7.80, DMTA.7.40 Director of Public Prosecutions v Carr (2002) 127 A Crim R 151; [2002] NSWSC 194 ........................ LEPRA.99.120, LEPRA.99.140 Director of Public Prosecutions v Daley [1980] AC 237; (1979) 69 Cr App R 39 .............................................. CLP.540 Director of Public Prosecutions v Donaczy [2007] NSWSC 923 .................................................................... CPA.212.20 Director of Public Prosecutions v Doot [1973] AC 807; [1973] 2 WLR 532; (1973) 57 Cr App R 600 ...................................................................................................................... CLP.660, CLP.700, CLP.740, CLP.780 Director of Public Prosecutions v Farr (2000) 118 A Crim R 399; [2001] NSWSC 3 ................................... CPA.281.20 Director of Public Prosecutions v Fraser [2008] NSWSC 244 ......................................................................... CA.195.100 Director of Public Prosecutions v Gill (unreported, CCA (NSW), 20 May 1993) .......................................... CPA.19.180 Director of Public Prosecutions v Harper [1997] 1 WLR 1406 ........................................................................... CLP.1140 Director of Public Prosecutions v Humphreys [1977] AC 1 ..... CPA.19.100, CPA.156.180, CPA.156.200, CPA.156.280 Director of Public Prosecutions v JWH (unreported, NSW Sup Ct, Hulme J, 17 October 1997) .................... CA.61.120 Director of Public Prosecutions v K [1990] 1 WLR 1067; 1 All ER 331 ....................................... CA.5.180, CA.61.120 Director of Public Prosecutions v Kolalich (1990) 19 NSWLR 520; 47 A Crim R 71 .................................. CPA.19.140 Director of Public Prosecutions v Leonard (2001) 53 NSWLR 227; 127 A Crim R 381 ............................... CPA.281.20 Director of Public Prosecutions v Maxwell [1978] 3 All ER 1140 .................................................................... CA.346.80 Director of Public Prosecutions v Merriman [1973] AC 584; [1972] 3 WLR 545; (1972) 56 Cr App R 766 ............................................................................................................................... CA.345.100, CPA.21.160 Director of Public Prosecutions v Newbury [1977] AC 500; [1976] 2 WLR 918; (1976) 62 Cr App R 291 ................................................................................................................................... CA.24.120, CA.44.100 Director of Public Prosecutions v Nock [1978] AC 979; [1978] 3 WLR 57; (1978) 67 Cr App R 116 ...................................................................................................................................... CLP.660, CLP.720, CLP.760 Director of Public Prosecutions v R (1991) 57 A Crim R 39 ................................................................ CLP.580, CLP.660 Director of Public Prosecutions v Ray [1974] AC 370 ............................................................................... CA.178BA.120 Director of Public Prosecutions v Ray [1974] AC 370; [1973] 3 WLR 359; [1973] 3 All ER 131 ............ CA.192E.120 Director of Public Prosecutions v Serratore (1995) 38 NSWLR 137; 81 A Crim R 363 ............................ LEPRA.99.60 Director of Public Prosecutions v Shannon [1975] AC 717; [1974] 3 WLR 155; (1974) 59 Cr App R 250 .................................................................................................................................................. CLP.740, CLP.780 Director of Public Prosecutions v Shirvanian (1998) 44 NSWLR 129; 102 A Crim R 180 ........................... CPA.19.100 Director of Public Prosecutions v Smith [1961] AC 290; [1960] 3 WLR 546; [1960] 3 All ER 161 ......... CA.19A.520, CA.4.160, CLP.1500 Director of Public Prosecutions v Stonehouse [1978] AC 55; [1977] 2 All ER 909 ........... CA.344A.60, CA.344A.120, CA.178BA.120, CA.179.320 Director of Public Prosecutions v Stonehouse [1978] AC 55; [1977] 3 WLR 143; [1977] 2 All ER 909 ............................................................................................................................................................... CA.192E.120 Director of Public Prosecutions v Taylor [1992] 1 All ER 299 ........................................................................... CA.61.20 Director of Public Prosecutions v United Telecasters Sydney Ltd (1990) 168 CLR 594; 64 ALJR 181; [1990] HCA 5 ............................................................................................................................................. CLP.360 Director of Public Prosecutions v Vella [1999] NSWSC 49 ........................................................................... CA.52AA.40 Director of Public Prosecutions v Withers [1975] AC 842; [1974] 3 WLR 751; (1974) 60 Cr App R 85 ..................................................................................................................................................................... CLP.800 Director of Public Prosecutions (Cth) v Barnes [2010] NSWSC 1040 ............................................................ CPA.214.40 Director of Public Prosecutions (Cth) v Bayley (1994) 126 ALR 290 ............................................................ CPA.19.160 Director of Public Prosecutions (Cth) v Heng [2015] NSWCCA 333 .............................................................. BA.16A.40 Director of Public Prosecutions (Cth) v Jeffrey (1992) 58 A Crim R 310 ........................................ CLP.2240, CLP.2260 Director of Public Prosecutions (NSW) v Best [2016] NSWSC 261 ................................................................... CA.60.80 Director of Public Prosecutions (NSW) v Boatswain [2015] NSWCCA 185 ................................................... BA.16A.40 Director of Public Prosecutions (NSW) v Brooks [2015] NSWCCA 190 ........................................................ BA.16A.40

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Director of Public Prosecutions (NSW) v Cakici [2006] NSWSC 454 ........................................................... CPA.177.20 Director of Public Prosecutions (NSW) v Campbell [2015] NSWCCA 173 .................................................... BA.16A.40 Director of Public Prosecutions (NSW) v Gribble (2004) 151 A Crim R 256; [2004] NSWSC 926 .............. CA.58.200 Director of Public Prosecutions (NSW) v Horwood (2009) 78 NSWLR 32; 208 A Crim R 146; [2009] NSWSC 1447 ................................................................................................................................. LEPRA.11.20 Director of Public Prosecutions (NSW) v King (2000) 49 NSWLR 727; 114 A Crim R 14; [2000] NSWSC 394 ............................................................................................................................................... LEPRA.14.20 Director of Public Prosecutions (NSW) v Mawad [2015] NSWCCA 227 ................. BA.16A.20, BA.16A.40, BA.17.80 Director of Public Prosecutions (NSW) v Nassif (2002) 135 A Crim R 391 ............................................... LEPRA.10.40 Director of Public Prosecutions (NSW) v Nicholls (2001) 123 A Crim R 66; [2001] NSWSC 523 .......... LEPRA.99.40 Director of Public Prosecutions (NSW) v Trudgett (2013) 238 A Crim R 1; [2013] NSWSC 1607 ............... CA.112.80 Director of Public Prosecutions (NT) v WJI (2004) 219 CLR 43; (2004) 78 ALJR 1565; [2004] HCA 47 ............................................................................................................................................................... CLP.140 Director of Public Prosecutions (SA) v B (1998) 194 CLR 566; 101 A Crim R 420; [1998] HCA 45 ............................................................................................................................................. CPA.113.40, CPA.154.20 Director of Public Prosecutions (UK) v Morgan [1976] AC 182; (1975) 61 Cr App R 136 .......... CLP.1280, CLP.1300, CLP.1380, CLP.1400 Director of Public Prosecutions (Vic) v Coleman (2001) 120 A Crim R 415; [2001] VSCA 59 .................. CA.51A.160 Director of Public Prosecutions (Vic) v Collins (2004) 149 A Crim R 213 .................................................. CPA.156.220 Director of Public Prosecutions (Vic) v Olcer (2003) 143 A Crim R 337; [2003] VSC 457 ............................... CLP.320 Director of Public Prosecutions Reference (No 1 of 1991) (1992) 60 A Crim R 43 .................. CA.423.40, CA.423.140 Director of Public Prosecution’s Reference (No 1 of 1993); R v K (1993) 71 A Crim R 115 ................... CA.546C.100 Director of Public Prosecutions Reference (No 1 of 1999) (1999) 8 NTLR 148; 105 A Crim R 489; [1999] NTSC 23 ................................................................................................................................... CA.117.200 Director of Public Prosecutions Reference (No 2 of 1995) (1995) 65 SASR 508; 82 A Crim R 263 ................................................................................................................................................................. DMTA.6.20 Director of Public Prosecutions Reference 1993 (ACT)K, Re ; (1993) 46 FCR 336; sub nom(1993) 71 A Crim R 115 ......................................................................................................................... CA.58.200 Director of Public Prosecutions Reference 1993 (ACT) (1993) 71 A Crim R 115 ........................................... CA.60.120 Director of Public Prosecutions Reference No 1 of 1988 (1989) 40 A Crim R 461; [1989] VR 857 ............. CA.198.80 Director of Public Prosecutions for Northern Ireland v Lynch [1975] AC 653; [1975] 2 WLR 641; [1975] 1 All ER 913 ...................................................................................................... CLP.160, CLP.1300, CLP.1400 Director of Public Prosecutions for Northern Ireland v Lynch [1975] AC 653; [1975] 2 WLR 641; (1975) 61 Cr App R 6 ............................................................................... CLP.2500, CLP.2540, CLP.2620, CLP.2640 Director of Public Prosecutions’ Reference No 1 of 1988 [1989] VR 857; (1989) 40 A Crim R 461 ................................................................................................................................................................. CA.197.100 Dixon v Atfield [1975] 1 WLR 1171; [1975] 3 All ER 265 ................................................................................ SOA.6.40 Dixon & Sons Ltd v Henderson, Craig & Co [1919] 2 KB 778 ..................................................................... CA.546C.60 Dodwell v Burford (1669) 1 Mod 149; 86 ER 703 ............................................................................................ CA.61.120 Doe v The Queen [2008] NSWCCA 203 ................................................................................................ CA.Pt3.Div10.180 Doe d Hemming v Willets (1849) 137 ER 280; 7 CB 709 .................................................................................. SOA.3.40 Doggett v The Queen (2001) 208 CLR 343 ........................... CA.Pt3.Div10.620, CA.Pt3.Div10.640, CA.Pt3.Div10.660 Domican v The Queen (1992) 173 CLR 555; 60 A Crim R 169; [1992] HCA 13 ............................................. CLP.1880 Donaldson v Broomby (1982) 5 A Crim R 160 .................................................................. LEPRA.99.60, LEPRA.99.120 Doney v The Queen (1990) 171 CLR 207; 50 A Crim R 157; [1990] HCA 51 ................................ CLP.580, CLP.1820 Dong v Hughes [2005] NSWSC 84 ............................................................................................. CPA.213.20, CPA.214.20 Donnelly v Devenish [1926] VLR 235 ........................................................................................................... CA.527C.100 Donnelly v Jackman [1970] 1 WLR 562; 1 All ER 987 .............................................................. CA.546C.60, CA.61.180 Donoghue v Coombe (1987) 45 SASR 330 ...................................................................................................... CA.117.420 Donoghue v St Luke’s Hospital Pty Ltd [1969] 2 NSWR 647 ............................................................................ CLP.1520 Doodeward v Spence (1908) 6 CLR 406; [1908] HCA 45 .............................................................................. CA.117.260 Doolan v Edgington (1999) 110 A Crim R 19 .................................................................................................... CA.61.120 Dorman, Ex parte; Re Macreadie (1959) 59 SR (NSW) 271; 76 WN (NSW) 402 .............................................. CLP.560 Dougan v The Queen (2006) 160 A Crim R 135; [2006] NSWCCA 34 ........................................................... CA.94.220

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Douglas v Blackler [2001] NSWSC 901 ...................................................................................................... LEPRA.48.120 Douglass v Radalj (1949) 51 WALR 43 ......................................................................................................... CA.527C.140 Dover v Ridge (unreported, NSW Sup Ct, Dunford J, 3 September 1998) ................................................ LEPRA.48.120 Downey v The Queen (1994) 68 ALJR 371 ............................................ CA.192E.120, CA.178BA.120, CA.178BB.240 Dowsett, Ex parte; Re Macauly (1943) 60 WN (NSW) 40 ................................................................................ CPA.65.20 Doyle v Harvey [1923] VLR 271 ..................................................................................................................... CA.52A.120 Drake v Director of Public Prosecutions (UK) [1994] Crim LR 855 .............................................................. CA.195.100 Du Cros v Lambourne [1907] 1 KB 40 ................................................... CA.345.60, CA.345.80, CA.346.80, CA.351.60 Du Jardin v Beadman Brothers Ltd [1952] 2 QB 712 ...................................................................................... CA.117.360 Dumbell v Roberts (1944) 1 All ER 326 ..................................................................................................... LEPRA.99.140 Duncan v Jones [1936] 1 KB 218 ................................. CA.546C.60, CA.546C.100, CA.58.140, CA.58.160, CA.58.200 Duncan v The Queen (1991) 5 WAR 249; 56 A Crim R 460 ...................................................... CA.351.60, CPA.160.20 Dunesky v Elder (1994) 54 FCR 540; 77 A Crim R 545 .............................................................................. LEPRA.76.20 Dunhamel v The Queen [1984] 2 SCR 555; (1984) 14 DLR (4th) 92 .......................................................... CPA.156.280 Dunleavy v Dempsey (1916) 18 WALR 90 .................................................................................................... CA.527C.100 Dunn v HM Advocate [1960] JC 55; [1960] Crim LR 182 ................................................................................. CA.24.40 Dunn v Holt (1904) 90 LT 577 ............................................................................................................................. SOA.6.40 Dunn v The Queen (1986) 32 A Crim R 203 .................................................................................................... DMTA.7.40 Dunn, Ex parte (1902) 19 WN (NSW) 38 ................................................................................................................ CLP.80 Duplex Settled Investment Trust Ltd v Worthing Borough Council [1952] 1 All ER 545 ............................... CA.512.80 Durovic v The Queen (1994) 4 Tas R 113; 71 A Crim R 33 ........................................................................... CPA.21.280 Dyers v The Queen (2002) 210 CLR 285 ............................................................................................... CA.Pt3.Div10.620 Dyke v Whittleton [1969] 2 NSWR 494 ............................................................................................................. CA.547.20

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E Eade v The King (1924) 34 CLR 154 ..................................................................................................... CA.Pt3.Div10.320 Eades v Director of Public Prosecutions (NSW) (2010) 77 NSWLR 173; (2010) 203 A Crim R 136; [2010] NSWCA 241 ............................................................................................................................. CA.61L.100 Eager v Smith (1988) 38 A Crim R 272 ............................................................................................................ DMTA.3.40 Earl of Warwick’s Case (1699) 13 State Trials 939 ........................................................................................ CPA.154.320 Eastman v The Queen (2000) 203 CLR 1; 74 ALJR 915; [2000] HCA 29 ..................................................... CPA.154.20 East’s Pleas of the Crown 487 (1806) ................................................................................................................. CA.112.80 Eastwood v Miller (1874) LR 9 QB 440 .............................................................................................................. SOA.3.40 Ebatarinja v Deland (1998) 194 CLR 444; 103 A Crim R 535; [1998] HCA 62 .... CPA.34.20, CPA.66.40, CPA.154.20 Eccles v Bourque (1974) 50 DLR (3d) 753; 19 CCC (2d) 129 .................................................................... LEPRA.10.40 Edebone v Allen [1991] 2 VR 659 ............................................................................................... CPA.19.100, CPA.19.180 Edens v Cleary [1975] 1 NSWLR 278 ................................................................. CA.527C.20, CA.527C.100, CA.117.20 Edwards v Macrae (1991) 14 MVR 193 ....................................................................... CA.428I.20, CLP.1040, CLP.1060 Edwards v Raabe (2000) 117 A Crim R 191 ................................................................................................... LEPRA.9.40 Edwards v The Queen [1973] AC 648; [1973] 1 All ER 152; (1973) 57 Cr App R 157 ............... CA.23.60, CA.23.200 Edwards v The Queen (1992) 173 CLR 653; 60 A Crim R 100; [1992] HCA 19 ................................................. CLP.80 Edwards v The Queen (1993) 178 CLR 193; 68 A Crim R 349 .................................................................... CPA.150.120 Edwards v The Queen (1993) 178 CLR 193; 68 A Crim R 349; [1993] HCA 63 ............................................... CLP.580 Elbekkay v The Queen [1995] Crim LR 163 .................................................................................................. CA.61HA.80 Electronic Rentals Pty Ltd v Anderson (1971) 124 CLR 27 ....................................................................... LEPRA.48.120 Elias v Director of Public Prosecutions (2012) 222 A Crim R 286; [2012] NSWCA 302 .......................... CA.192E.200, CA.192G.120, CA.192G.140 Elias v Pasmore [1934] 2 KB 164 .................................................................................................................. LEPRA.23.80 Elliott v C [1983] 1 WLR 939; [1983] 2 All ER 1005 ........................................................................................ CA.5.180 Ellis v Fingleton (1972) 3 SASR 437 ................................................................................................................... SOA.4.20 Ellis v Lawson (1987) 33 A Crim R 69 ......................................................................................... CA.117.20, CA.117.160 Emanuele v Cahill (1987) 30 A Crim R 164; 71 ALR 302 .............................................................................. CPA.19.140 Emanuele v Dau (1996) 87 A Crim R 417 ........................................................................................................ CPA.213.40 Emerson, Ex parte (1898) 15 WN (NSW) 101 ................................................................................................. CA.117.260

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Emmerson v Clarke (1872) 3 QSCR 76 ............................................................................................................ CA.131.120 English & Scottish Co-operative Properties Mortgage and Investment Societies Ltd v Odhams Press Ltd [1940] 1 KB 440 .......................................................................................................................... CA.179.220 Entick v Carrington (1765) 2 Wils KB 275; 95 ER 807 ...................................................... LEPRA.48.60, LEPRA.76.20 Environment Protection Authority v Allied Industrial Services Pty Ltd [2005] NSWLEC 501 ...................... SPA.10.120 Environment Protection Authority v Australian Iron & Steel Pty Ltd (1992) 28 NSWLR 502 .................... CPA.19.160, CPA.156.80, CPA.156.180 Environment Protection Authority v Fernando (2003) 129 LGERA 416; [2003] NSWLEC 281 ................... SPA.10.120 Environment Protection Authority v Multiplex Constructions Pty Ltd (2000) 112 LGERA 1; [2000] NSWLEC 6 ............................................................................................................................................... CLP.80 Environment Protection Authority v N (1992) 26 NSWLR 352; (1992) 59 A Crim R 408 ................ CLP.80, CLP.1360 Erceg v District Court (NSW) (2004) 143 A Crim R 455; [2003] NSWCA 379 .............................................. SPA.43.20 Esquilant v The Queen [2005] NSWCCA 421 ............................................................................................. DMTA.25A.40 Esso Australia Resources v Federal Commissioner of Taxation (1999) 201 CLR 49; 168 ALR 123 ....... LEPRA.48.160 Ethell v Tobin [1927] VLR 371 ...................................................................................................................... CA.527C.140 Evans v Bartlam [1937] AC 473; [1937] 2 All ER 646 ......................................................................... CLP.40, CLP.1480 Evans v Ewels [1972] 1 WLR 671; [1972] 2 All ER 22 ..................................................................................... SOA.5.80 Evans v Hughes [1972] 1 WLR 1452; [1972] 3 All ER 412; 56 Cr App R 813 ...... CA.4.200, CA.97.120, CA.316.200 Evers, Ex parte; Re Leary (1945) 62 WN (NSW) 146 ....................................................................................... CA.58.280 Evgeniou v The Queen (1964) 37 ALJR 508 ................................................................................. CA.52A.200, CLP.1300 Ewart v Fox [1954] VLR 699 ................................................................................................................................ CLP.1220 Expressed need to restrict the defence of necessity – R, The v Loughnan [1981] VR 443 ............................... CLP.2820

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F F (Mental Patient: Sterilisation), In Re [1990] 2 AC 1 ...................................................................................... CA.61.260 FP v The Queen (2012) 224 A Crim R 82; [2012] NSWCCA 182 ....................................................................... CLP.360 Fachler v Hyde [1986] 6 NSWLR 487; (1986) 23 A Crim R 429 ..................................................................... CA.177.40 Fagan v Metropolitan Police Commissioner [1969] 1 QB 439 ............. CA.61.100, CA.61.120, CA.61.140, CA.61.160, CA.94.220, CLP.1320 Fairclough v Whipp [1951] 2 All ER 834; (1951) 35 Cr App R 138 ........................................... CA.61L.80, CA.61.120 Falkner v Barba [1971] VR 332 ....................................................................................................................... CPA.156.180 Falstein, Ex parte; re Maher (1949) 49 SR (NSW) 133 ....................................................................................... CLP.1280 Farey v Welch [1929] 1 KB 388 .......................................................................................................................... CA.511.60 Farley, Ex parte (1922) 39 WN (NSW) 150 ..................................................................................................... CA.527C.80 Farrell v Delaney (1952) 52 SR (NSW) 236; 69 WN 260 ....................................................................................... CLP.80 Farrell, Ex parte (1936) 53 WN (NSW) 140 .................................................................................................... CA.545B.40 Farrelly v Little [1970] VR 18 ............................................................................................................................. SPA.10.80 Farrelly, Ex parte (1906) 23 WN (NSW) 236 ..................................................................................................... CA.527.40 Faulkner v Talbot [1981] 1 WLR 1528; 3 All ER 468; (1981) 74 Cr App R 1 ....... CA.61L.80, CA.61.140, CA.61.160 Featherstone v Fraser (1983) 6 Petty Sessions Review 2962 ............................................................. CA.316.200, CLP.80 Feiler v McIntyre [1974] 2 NSWLR 268 ............................................................................................................ SOA.17.40 Feist v Bonython [1944] SASR 176 .................................................................................................................. CA.117.420 Fenwick v Boucant [1951] SASR 290 .................................................................................................................. SOA.5.40 Ferens v O’Brien (1883) 11 QBD 21 ................................................................................................................ CA.117.260 Ferguson v Weaving [1951] 1 KB 814; [1951] 1 All ER 412 ............. CA.45.120, CA.345.80, CA.345.180, CA.351.60, CLP.80 Ferrier v Wilson (1906) 4 CLR 785 .......................................................................................................................... CLP.80 Ferris v Police [1985] 1 NZLR 292 ................................................................................................................... CPA.19.160 Festa v The Queen (2001) 208 CLR 593; 76 ALJR 291; [2001] HCA 72 ........................................................... CLP.580 Field v Gent (1996) 67 SASR 122; 87 A Crim R 225 ......................................................................................... CA.60.80 Field v Receiver of Metropolitan Police [1907] 2 KB 853 ............................................................................... CA.93B.80 Field v Sullivan [1923] VLR 70 ............................................................................................ LEPRA.21.20, LEPRA.23.80 Fingleton v Bryson (1980) 26 SASR 208 ........................................................................................................... SOA.16.40 Finlayson, Ex parte (1905) 22 WN (NSW) 63 .................................................................................................... CA.502.60

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TABLE OF CASES

Firbank v The Queen (2011) 223 A Crim R 301; [2011] NSWCCA 171 .......................................................... CA.112.60 Fisher v Bennett (1987) 85 FLR 469 ................................................................................... CA.192E.120, CA.178BA.120 Fisher v McGee [1947] VLR 324 ................................................................................................................... CA.527C.160 Fitzgerald v Kennard (1995) 38 NSWLR 184; 84 A Crim R 333 ......... CA.4A.40, CA.61L.80, CA.61.100, CA.61.140, CA.61.160, CA.61.180 Fitzgerald v Montoya (1989) 16 NSWLR 164; 40 A Crim R 105 .............. CA.58.160, CA.316.200, CLP.80, SOA.6.40 Fitzgerald v Police (2000) 113 A Crim R 413; [2000] SASC 168 ............................................................... CA.52AB.160 Fitzgerald v The Queen (2014) 88 ALJR 779; [2014] HCA 28 ............................................................................. CLP.580 Flack v The Queen [2011] NSWCCA 167 ...................................................................................................... CA.192E.160 Flaherty v Girgis (1987) 162 CLR 574; 61 ALJR 255; [1987] HCA 17 ........................................................... CA.60.120 Flanagan v The Queen (2013) 236 A Crim R 255; [2013] NSWCCA 320 ......................................................... CLP.2280 Flatman v Light [1946] KB 414; 2 All ER 368 ................................................ CA.527C.160, CPA.154.40, CPA.156.180 Fleet v District Court of NSW [1999] NSWCA 363 ............................... LEPRA.99.60, LEPRA.99.120, LEPRA.99.140 Fleming v The Queen (1998) 197 CLR 250; 103 A Crim R 121; [1998] HCA 68 ........................................ CPA.133.20 Flower v Shaw (1848) 2 Car & Kir 703 ............................................................................................................. CA.250.40 Folkes v King [1923] 1 KB 282 .................................................................................................. CA.117.360, CA.179.280 Fongold v Farrell [1937] ALR 91; (1936) 10 ALJ 386 ................................................................................... CA.545B.40 Food, Minister of v O’Rourke [1951] NI 97 ................................................................................... CA.345.80, CA.351.40 Foord v Whiddett (1985) 6 FCR 475; 16 A Crim R 464; 60 ALR 269 .......................................... CA.319.120, CLP.660 Ford v Metropolitan Police District Receiver [1921] 2 KB 344 ....................................................................... CA.93B.80 Forster v Shire of Mornington [1949] VLR 150 ................................................................................................. CA.112.80 Forsyth v Rodda (1989) 42 A Crim R 197 ........................................................................................................ CPA.64.100 Fosse v Director of Public Prosecutions [1999] NSWSC 367 .......................................................................... CPA.214.20 Foster v The Queen (1967) 118 CLR 117 ............................................................... CA.189B.20, CA.117.320, CA.118.20 Foster v The Queen (1982) 6 A Crim R 400; 61 FLR 440; 38 ALR 599; [1982] FCA 2 ........ CPA.19.40, DMTA.25.80 Fowkes v DPP [1997] 2 VR 506; (1996) 88 A Crim R 166 ............................................................................ CA.316.160 Fowler v Kibble [1922] 1 Ch 487 ..................................................................................................................... CA.545B.40 Fowler v Lanning [1959] 1 QB 426 .................................................................................................................... CA.61.180 Fowler v Padget 101 ER 1103; (1798) 7 Term Rep 509 ................................................................. CA.19A.160, CLP.140 Fowler v Pitcher [1918] VLR 424 ........................................................................................................................... CA.8.20 Fox v H Wood Ltd [1963] 2 QB 601 .................................................................................................................. SOA.13.20 Frankland v The Queen [1987] AC 576; [1987] 2 WLR 1251; (1988) 86 Cr App R 116 ............................ CA.19A.520 Franks v Franks [2012] NSWCA 209 ................................................................................................................. DPVA.9.40 Fransman v Sexton [1965] Crim LR 556 .................................................................................................................. CLP.80 Fred Wakefield Pty Ltd v Dowd (1979) 20 SASR 328; 39 LGRA 217 ............................................................. CPA.21.20 Freeman, Ex parte (1951) 68 WN (NSW) 111 .................................................................................................... SPA.10.80 Freestone, Ex parte (1856) 1 H & N 93; 156 ER 1131 .......................................................................................... CA.8.20 Frischkorn v Rush [1957] QWN 7 ........................................................................................................................... CA.8.20 Frodsham v O’Gorman [1979] 1 NSWLR 683 ............................................................................................... CPA.154.200 Frugtniet v Attorney-General (NSW) (1997) 41 NSWLR 588; 103 A Crim R 1 ......................................... LEPRA.76.40 Fuller v Field and SA (1994) 72 A Crim R 592 ............................................................................................... CPA.19.180 Fuller v Postich (No 2) [1956] QWN 49 ......................................................................................................... CPA.154.100 Fuller & Cummings v Director of Public Prosecutions (Cth) (1994) 68 ALJR 611 ....................................... CPA.19.180

G G v The Queen (1984) 35 SASR 349; (1984) 12 A Crim R 189 ........................................................................ CLP.1440 G (An Infant) v Coltart [1967] 1 QB 432; 2 WLR 333; 1 All ER 271 ......................................................... CPA.156.200 GH Photography Pty Ltd v McGarrigle [1974] 2 NSWLR 635 .......................................... LEPRA.21.20, LEPRA.23.80 Gabriel v Lenthall [1930] SASR 318 ........................................................................................... CA.93X.80, CA.546A.40 Galbraith v The Queen (1989) 6 WAR 12; 39 A Crim R 17 .............................................................................. CPA.21.20 Galea v The Queen (1989) 1 WAR 450; 46 A Crim R 158 ............................................................................... CA.112.80 Galos Hired v The King [1944] AC 149 ............................................................................................................. CPA.19.40 Gammage v The Queen (1969) 122 CLR 444; 44 ALJR 36; [1969] HCA 68 .... CA.19A.20, CA.19A.60, CA.19A.600, CPA.162.80

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TABLE OF CASES

Gammon (Hong Kong) Ltd v Attorney General of Hong Kong [1985] AC 1; [1984] 3 WLR 437; [1984] 2 All ER 503 ...................................................................................................................... CLP.1280, CLP.1360 Ganin v NSW Crime Commission (1993) 32 NSWLR 423; 70 A Crim R 417 .............. CA.43.80, CA.316.200, CLP.80 Gardenal-Williams v The Queen [1989] Tas R 62; (1989) 43 A Crim R 29 .......................................................... CLP.80 Gardiner v Sevenoaks Rural District Council [1950] 2 All ER 84 ...................................................................... SOA.3.40 Gardner v Mansbridge (1887) 19 QBD 217 ........................................................................................................ CA.521.40 Garrett v The Queen (1978) 139 CLR 437 ..................................................................................................... CPA.156.200 Gauci v Driscoll [1985] VR 428 ........................................................................................................................ DMTA.3.80 Gayford v Chouler [1898] 1 QB 316 ................................................................................................................. CA.195.100 Geitz v The Queen [2013] NSWCCA 289; 238 A Crim R 156 ....................................................................... CA.112.140 General Steel Industries Inc v Commissioner for Railways (NSW) (1964) 112 CLR 125 ............................. CPA.19.160 Genner v Sparkes (1704) 1 Salk 79; 91 ER 74 ................................................................................................... CA.61.120 George v Rockett (1990) 170 CLR 104; 48 A Crim R 246 ........... CLP.80, LEPRA.9.20, LEPRA.11.20, LEPRA.48.60, LEPRA.48.80, LEPRA.48.120, LEPRA.76.20, LEPRA.99.80 Gerakiteys v The Queen (1984) 153 CLR 317; 12 A Crim R 54; [1984] HCA 8 ............... CLP.680, CLP.740, CLP.760 Geraldton Fisherman’s Co-operative Ltd v Munro [1963] WAR 129 ................................................................... CLP.120 Getty v Antrim County Council [1950] NI 114 ................................................................................................ CA.195.100 Ghani v Jones [1970] 1 QB 693; [1969] 3 WLR 1158; [1969] 3 All ER 1700 .................. LEPRA.23.80, LEPRA.48.60 Gherashe v Boase [1959] VR 1 ............................................................................................................................. CLP.1380 Giannarelli v Wraith (1988) 165 CLR 543; 35 A Crim R 1 ............................................................................... CPA.36.20 Gianoutsos v Glykis (2006) 65 NSWLR 539; 162 A Crim R 64; [2006] NSWCCA 137 ............................. DPVA.84.20 Gibbs v State of New South Wales (1990) 21 NSWLR 416 ........................................................................... CA.447A.40 Gibson v Barton (1875) LR 10 QB 329 .............................................................................................................. CA.173.80 Gibson v Lawson [1891] 2 QB 545 .................................................................................................................. CA.545B.40 Gibson v Wales [1983] 1 WLR 393; [1983] 1 All ER 869; (1983) 76 Cr App R 60 ......................................... CA.4.200 Gilbert v Gulliver [1918] VLR 185 ........................................................................................................................... CLP.80 Gilbert v The Queen (2000) 201 CLR 414; (2000) 109 A Crim R 580; [2000] HCA 15 ........ CA.19A.20, CA.19A.200, CA.19A.600, CPA.162.60 Gilchrist v Gardner (1891) 12 LR (NSW) 184; 8 WN (NSW) 21 ................................................................... CPA.113.40 Gill v Director of Public Prosecutions (1992) 64 A Crim R 82 ........................... CPA.19.100, CPA.19.140, CPA.19.180 Gill v Walton (1991) 25 NSWLR 190 ................................................................... CPA.19.100, CPA.19.160, CPA.19.180 Gillard v The Queen (2003) 219 CLR 1; (2003) 139 A Crim R 100; [2003] HCA 64 ............ CA.19A.20, CA.19A.200, CA.19A.600, CPA.162.60 Gillett v The Queen (2006) 166 A Crim R 419; [2006] NSWCCA 370 .................. CA.52A.120, CA.52A.200, CLP.160 Gilroy v Jebara (1992) 29 NSWLR 20 ............................................................................................................. CA.527C.80 Gilson v The Queen (1991) 172 CLR 353; 53 A Crim R 344 ....................................................... CA.121.40, CA.188.40 Giorgianni v The Queen (1985) 156 CLR 473; 16 A Crim R 163 ..................... CA.19A.200, CA.19A.500, CA.52A.20, CA.344A.60, CA.45.120, CA.117.200, CA.351.40, CA.351.60, CLP.740, CLP.980, CLP.1300, CLP.1360, CLP.1480 Gipp v The Queen (1998) 194 CLR 106 ................................................................................ CA.Pt3.Div10.180, CLP.580 Gipp v The Queen (1998) 194 CLR 106; 102 A Crim R 299; [1998] HCA 21 ................................................. CLP.2280 Given v Pryor [1979] 39 FLR 437 ...................................................................................... CA.192G.120, CA.178BB.180 Glamorgan County Council v Glasbrook Bros [1925] AC 270 .......................................................................... CA.58.200 Glover v The Queen (2009) 193 A Crim R 292; [2009] NSWCCA 48 ........................................................... CA.61J.160 Gobbert, Ex parte (1941) 58 WN (NSW) 113 .................................................................................................. CA.249B.40 Goddard v Osborne (1978) 18 SASR 481; (1978) 21 ALR 189 .......................................................................... CLP.1220 Goddard v Smith (1704) 6 Mod 261; 87 ER 1008 ........................................................................................... CPA.113.40 Goffe’s Case 86 ER 146; (1672) 1 Vent 216 ........................................................................................................ CA.18.20 Goldsbrough & Co v MacMahon (1887) 3 WN (NSW) 119 ............................................................................. CA.338.20 Goldsmith v Pinnock (1890) 4 QLJ 17 ............................................................................................................. CA.327.220 Goldsmith v Sperrings Ltd [1977] 1 WLR 478; 2 All ER 566 ........................................................................ CPA.19.160 Gollan v Nugent (1987) 8 NSWLR 166 .............................................................................................................. CA.346.80 Gollan v Nugent (1988) 166 CLR 18 ............................................................................................................... LEPRA.9.40 Gollins v Gollins [1964] AC 644; [1963] 3 WLR 176; 2 All ER 966 ................................................................ CLP.1400 Gordon v Mangelsdorf (1956) 73 WN (NSW) 438 ............................................................................ CA.327.180, CLP.80

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TABLE OF CASES

Gordon, Ex parte (1893) 9 WN (NSW) 144 ....................................................................................................... CPA.19.40 Gore v The Queen [2010] NSWCCA 330; 208 A Crim R 353 .......................................................................... CA.35.120 Gorman v Fitzpatrick (1987) 32 A Crim R 330 ..................................................... CPA.19.100, CPA.19.140, CPA.19.180 Gough v Braden (1991) 5 A Crim R 92 ......................................................................................................... CA.527C.100 Gould & Co Ltd v Houghton [1921] 1 KB 509 .......................................................... CA.345.40, CA.345.60, CA.351.60 Gouriet v Union of Post Office Workers [1978] AC 435; [1977] 3 WLR 300; [1977] 3 All ER 70 .............. CPA.66.40, CPA.113.40 Graham v The Queen (1998) 195 CLR 606; 102 A Crim R 438 ......................... CA.Pt3.Div10.380, CA.Pt3.Div10.520, CA.Pt3.Div10.540, CA.Pt3.Div10.560 Grandi v Milburn [1966] 2 QB 263 ...................................................................................................................... SOA.3.40 Grant v Downs (1976) 135 CLR 674 ........................................................................................................... LEPRA.48.160 Grant v Langston [1900] AC 388 .......................................................................................................................... CA.4.120 Grant v Moser (1843) 5 M and G 123 ............................................................................................................. LEPRA.9.40 Grant v The Queen (1981) 147 CLR 503 ............................................................................................................... CLP.580 Grant v The Queen (1981) 147 CLR 503; 55 ALJR 490; 35 ALR 97 ................................... CA.527C.60, CA.527C.100 Grassby v The Queen (1989) 168 CLR 1; 41 A Crim R 183; [1989] HCA 45 ........................... CPA.19.100, CPA.66.40 Gray, Re [2001] 2 Qd R 35; (2000) 117 A Crim R 22; [2000] QSC 390 ........................................................ CA.81C.40 Gray’s Haulage Co v Arnold [1966] 1 WLR 534; [1966] 1 All ER 896 ................................................................ CLP.80 Green v Bartram (1830) 4 Car & P 308 ........................................................................................................... LEPRA.9.40 Green v Moore [1982] QB 1044; [1982] 2 WLR 671; [1982] 1 All ER 428 ................................................... CA.58.160 Green v The Queen (1971) 126 CLR 28; 46 ALJR 545; [1971] HCA 55 ............................................................ CLP.360 Green v The Queen (1997) 191 CLR 334; 97 A Crim R 307; [1997] HCA 50 ......... CA.23.20, CA.23.120, CA.23.140, CA.23.160 Green v United States 355 US 184 (1957) ........................................................................................................ CPA.156.20 Greene v The King (1949) 79 CLR 353 ........................................................................................................... CA.179.200 Greenslade v The Queen [2012] NSWDC 255 ............................................................................................ LEPRA.99.140 Gregory v The Queen (1983) 151 CLR 566 ..................................................................................................... CPA.293.40 Griffin v Marsh (1994) 34 NSWLR 104; (1994) 28 ATR 355 ............................................................................. CLP.1380 Griffiths v Hutchinson (unreported, NSW Sup Ct, 1 February 1991) ............................................................... SPA.10.140 Griffiths v The Queen (1977) 137 CLR 293 ................ CA.432.20, CA.441.20, CPA.19.40, CPA.154.160, CPA.154.200 Griffiths v The Queen (1994) 69 ALJR 77; 76 A Crim R 164 ......................................................................... CPA.154.60 Grivelis v Horsnell (1974) 8 SASR 43 ................................................................................................................. SOA.4.20 Grollo v Macauley (1995) 56 FCR 533; 80 A Crim R 175 .......................................................................... LEPRA.76.20 Gudgeon v Lewis (1955) 72 WN (NSW) 452 ........................................................................................................ CA.8.20 Guillot v Hender (1998) 102 A Crim R 397 .......................................................................... CA.344A.100, CA.344A.140 Gundersen v Miller [1936] SASR 206 .............................................................................................................. CA.188.100 Gunes v Pearson (1996) 89 A Crim R 297 ....................................................................................................... CA.51A.100

H HM Advocate v Sheppard [1941] SC (J) 67 ......................................................................................................... CA.18.20 HML v The Queen (2008) 235 CLR 334; 82 ALJR 723; 183 A Crim R 159; [2008] HCA 16 .......... CA.Pt3.Div10.180 HML v The Queen (2008) CLR 334; 183 A Crim R 159; [2008] HCA 16 .......................................................... CLP.580 Hackwill v Kay [1960] VR 632 ........................................................................................................................... CPA.21.20 Haggard v Mason [1976] 1 WLR 187; [1976] 1 All ER 337 .......................................................................... DMTA.3.80 Haggarty v Palmer (1974) 5 ALR 53 ................................................................................................ CA.4.200, CA.97.120 Haisman v Smelcher [1953] VLR 625 .............................................................................................................. CA.547C.80 Halberstater v McHugh [1942] QSR 148 .......................................................................................................... CA.131.120 Hale’s Pleas of the Crown 552 (1736) ................................................................................................................ CA.112.80 Hall v Fonceca [1983] WAR 309 ......................................................................................................................... CA.61.120 Hallett v Warren (1929) 93 JP 225 ........................................................................................................................ CLP.1520 Hallett, Ex parte (1899) 15 WN (NSW) 234 ........................................................................................................... CA.8.20 Halley v The Crown (1938) 40 WALR 105 .................................................................................. CA.109.140, CA.112.80 Halliday v Nevill (1984) 155 CLR 1; 13 A Crim R 250; [1984] HCA 80 .......... CA.58.200, CA.60.120, LEPRA.10.40, LEPRA.10.60, LEPRA.48.40, LEPRA.48.60, LEPRA.48.80

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Halliday, Ex parte (1893) 10 WN (NSW) 88 .......................................................................................................... CA.8.20 Halpin v Department Of Gaming and Racing [2007] NSWSC 815 ................................................................. CPA.214.40 Halstead v Patel [1972] 1 WLR 661 ............................................................................................................ CA.178BA.120 Halstead v Patel [1972] 1 WLR 661; [1972] 2 All ER 147; (1972) 56 Cr App R 334 ................................ CA.192E.120 Hammond v The Queen [2013] NSWCCA 93 .................................................................................................. CA.195.100 Hampson v Martin [1981] 2 NSWLR 782 ................................................................................ CA.52A.120, CA.52AB.80 Hamze v The Queen [2015] NSWCCA 104 ....................................................................................................... BA.16A.40 Hanna v The Queen [2009] NSWCCA 195 ...................................................................................................... CA.197.120 Hannes v Director of Public Prosecutions (Cth) (No 2) (2006) 165 A Crim R 151; [2006] NSWCCA 373 .................................................................................................................................................... CLP.580 Hansen v Cole (1890) 9 NZLR 272 .................................................................................................................... CA.61.320 Hansford v London Express Newspaper Ltd (1928) 44 TLR 349 ....................................................................... SOA.3.40 Hardgrave v The King (1906) 4 CLR 232; [1906] HCA 47 .................................................................................. CLP.160 Hardman v Chief Constable of Avon and Somerset [1986] Crim LR 330 ...................................................... CA.195.100 Hardman v Director of Public Prosecutions (2003) 57 NSWLR 390; (2003) 138 A Crim R 560; [2003] NSWCA 130 ................................................................................................................... CA.93G.40, CA.93I.20 Harlor v The Queen (1956) 95 CLR 170 ......................................................................................................... CA.52A.140 Harlot’s case, The (1560) Crompton’s Justice 24 ............................................................................................ CA.19A.400 Harman v Vaux (1813) 3 Camp 429; 170 ER 1434 ........................................................................................... CA.32.100 Harriman v The Queen (1989) 167 CLR 590; 43 A Crim R 221; [1989] HCA 50 ........................ CLP.580, CPA.21.220 Harris v Harrison [1963] Crim LR 497 ............................................................................................................. CA.117.200 Harris v The Queen [1988] Tas R 31; (1988) 37 A Crim R 29 ..................................................................... CPA.150.140 Harris, Ex parte; Re Carne (1936) 53 WN (NSW) 87 .......................................................... CA.527C.160, CA.546B.120 Harrison v Hodgson (1830) 10 B C 445 ............................................................................................................. CA.61.180 Harrison v Trotter (1937) SASR 7 .................................................................................................................. CA.527C.160 Hart v Hudson Bros Ltd [1928] 2 KB 629 ........................................................................................................... CA.10.40 Hartley v Hindmarsh (1866) LR 1 CP 553 ......................................................................................................... CA.556.20 Hartmann v Commissioner of Police (1997) 91 A Crim R 141 ..................................................................... CPA.156.160 Harts Australia Ltd v Commissioner, Australian Federal Police (1996) 93 A Crim R 189 ......................... LEPRA.76.20 Harts Australia Ltd v Commissioner, Australian Federal Police (1997) 94 A Crim R 177 ......................... LEPRA.76.20 Harty v Harcourt [1936] QSR 1 ...................................................................................................................... CA.527C.120 Hassett, Re (1994) 76 A Crim R 19 .................................................................................................................... CA.195.20 Hatzinikolaou v Snape (1989) 41 A Crim R 389 ....................................................................... CA.33.160, LEPRA.99.40 Haughton v Smith [1975] AC 476; [1974] 2 WLR 1; [1973] 3 All ER 1109 ........................ CA.344A.60, CA.344A.80, CA.344A.100, CA.27.100, CLP.140, CLP.1260 Haughton, Re (1877) 5 QSCR 53 ...................................................................................................................... CA.131.120 Hawkins v The Queen (1994) 179 CLR 500; (1994) 72 A Crim R 288; [1994] HCA 28 .................. CLP.260, CLP.340, CLP.1140, CLP.1160, CLP.1500 Hawkins v The Queen [No 2] (1993) 68 A Crim R 1 .......................................................................................... CLP.1080 Hawthorn v Morcam Pty Ltd (1992) 29 NSWLR 120; (1992) 65 A Crim R 227 .............................................. CLP.1360 Hayes v Fries (1988) 49 SASR 184; 32 A Crim R 394 .............................................................. CA.117.160, CA.117.420 Hayes v Quinn (1992) 57 SASR 6 ...................................................................................................................... SOA.13.20 Hayes v Wilson [1984] 2 Qd R 114; (1984) 10 A Crim R 409 .................................................................... CA.344A.140 Haynes v Davis [1915] 1 KB 332 .................................................................................................................... CPA.156.140 Haystead v Chief Constable of Derbyshire [2000] 3 All ER 890 ...................................................................... CA.61.120 He Kaw Teh v The Queen (1985) 157 CLR 523; 15 A Crim R 203; 59 ALJR 620 .......................................... CLP.2260 He Kaw Teh v The Queen (1985) 157 CLR 523; 59 ALJR 620; 15 A Crim R 203 ....... CA.4A.40, CA.7.80, CA.7.120, CA.7.140, CA.43.80, CA.60.120, CA.117.200, CA.316.200, CLP.40, CLP.160, CLP.300, CLP.1040, CLP.1260, CLP.1280, CLP.1300, CLP.1360, CLP.1380, CLP.1400, DMTA.7.40, LEPRA.99.100 Health Care Complaints Commission v Litchfield (unreported, NSW Ct of App, Gleeson CJ, Meagher and Handley JJA, 8 August 1997) .............................................................................................. CPA.156.160 Heap v Motorists’ Advisory Agency Ltd [1923] 1 KB 577 ............................................................................. CA.117.360 Heard v Hodgkins [1957] VR 715 ................................................................................................................... CPA.156.140 Hearne v Edmunds (1819) 1 Brod & B 388; 129 ER 772 ................................................................................. CA.32.100

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Hedberg v Woodhall (1913) 15 CLR 531; [1913] HCA 2 .................................................................. CA.7.80, CA.195.20 Hedges v Grundmann; Ex parte Grundmann [1985] 2 Qd R 263; 19 A Crim R 303 ...... LEPRA.48.120, LEPRA.76.20 Heinze v Burnley and Myers (1992) 63 A Crim R 83 ...................................................................................... CPA.19.180 Hemmings v Perkins (1999) 74 SASR 307; 109 A Crim R 1; [1999] SASC 212 ............................................ SPA.10.80 Henderson v Henderson (1843) 3 Hare 100 .............................................................................. CPA.19.160, CPA.156.260 Henderson v O’Connell [1937] VLR 171 ...................................................................................................... LEPRA.23.80 Henderson v Surfield [1927] SASR 192 ......................................................................................................... CA.527C.100 Henshaw v Mark (1997) 95 A Crim R 115 ............................................................................................................... CLP.80 Herbert v The Queen (1982) 6 A Crim R 1 ....................................................................................................... CA.428I.60 Heron v The Queen (2003) 140 A Crim R 317; [2003] HCA 17 ..................................................... CA.23.60, CA.23.140 Herron v McGregor (1986) 6 NSWLR 246; 28 A Crim R 79 .................................................... CPA.19.100, CPA.19.180 Herron v The Queen [2006] NSWCCA 215 ........................................................................................................ CA.33.200 Hevey v Leonard [1976] VR 624 ............................................................................. CA.39.100, CA.196.120, CA.199.120 Hewson v Gamble (1892) 8 TLR 301 ............................................................................................................... CA.117.320 Hibbert v McKiernan [1948] 2 KB 142 ................................................................... CA.117.20, CA.117.260, CA.117.420 Hickling v Laneyrie (1991) 21 NSWLR 730 ........................................................................................................ CLP.1360 Hilderbrandt v Stephen [1964] NSWR 740 .................................................................................... CA.547C.60, SOA.3.40 Hill v Baxter [1958] 1 QB 277; [1958] 2 WLR 76; [1958] 1 All ER 193 .......... CLP.160, CLP.240, CLP.260, CLP.320, CLP.1120 Hill v Chief Constable of West Yorkshire [1989] AC 53; [1988] 2 WLR 1049; [1988] 2 All ER 238 ............................................................................................................................................................ LEPRA.99.180 Hills v Ellis [1983] QB 680; [1983] 2 WLR 234; [1983] 1 All ER 667 ........................................................... CA.58.200 Hinch v Attorney-General (Vic) (No 2) (1987) 164 CLR 15; 28 A Crim R 155; [1987] HCA 56 ................ CPA.21.360 Hinchliffe v Sheldon [1955] 1 WLR 1207; 3 All ER 406 .................................................................................. CA.58.160 Hird v Grams [1943] QSR 49 ....................................................................................................... CA.527C.60, CA.117.20 Hiron v The Queen [2007] NSWCCA 336 ..................................................................................................... DPVA.13.120 Hitchens v The Queen [1962] Tas SR 35 .............................................................................................................. CLP.1200 Hobbs v Tinling & Co Ltd [1929] 2 KB 1 ...................................................................................................... CPA.150.120 Hobson v Impett (1957) 41 Cr App R 138 ....................................................................................................... CA.188.160 Hoch v The Queen (1988) 165 CLR 292; 35 A Crim R 47; [1988] HCA 50 ................................. CLP.580, CPA.21.220 Hocken v Beahr [1955] QSR 406 ...................................................................................................................... CA.131.120 Hoessinger v The Queen (1992) 62 A Crim R 146 .......................................................................................... CA.19A.160 Hoffenberg v District Court (NSW) [2010] NSWCA 142 .......................................... SPA.10.40, SPA.10.80, SPA.10.180 Hofstetter v Thomas [1968] VR 199 ........................................................................ CA.527C.100, CA.527C.120, CLP.80 Hogben v Chandler [1940] VLR 285 ................................................................................................................ CA.546C.60 Hole v Gibb (1943) 60 WN (NSW) 130 .......................................................................................................... CA.249B.60 Holgate-Mohammed v Duke [1984] AC 437; [1984] 2 WLR 660; [1984] 1 All ER 1054 ........................ LEPRA.99.60, LEPRA.99.140 Holland v The Queen (1993) 68 A Crim R 176; 67 ALJR 946; [1993] HCA 43 .... CA.61H.20, CA.61I.60, CA.61I.100 Holloway v Gilport Pty Ltd (1995) 79 A Crim R 76 ....................................................................... CA.45.120, CLP.1360 Hollyhomes v Hind [1944] 1 KB 571 ................................................................................................................... CA.4.120 Holman v The Queen [1970] WAR 2 ................................................. CA.428I.60, CA.61HA.40, CLP.1180, CPA.160.20 Holmden v Bitar (1987) 27 A Crim R 255 ........................................................................................................ CPA.19.180 Holmes v Director of Public Prosecutions [1946] AC 588; [1946] 2 All ER 124; (1946) 31 Cr App R 123 ..................................................................................................................................... CA.18.20, CA.23.100 Homer, Ex Parte; Re McElligott (1933) 50 WN (NSW) 158 ........................................................................... CPA.19.160 Homes v Thorpe [1925] SASR 286 ................................................................................................................ CA.527C.100 Hong Phuc Truong v The Queen (2004) 223 CLR 122; (2004) 78 ALJR 473; [2004] HCA 10 ... CLP.740, CPA.19.160 Honnibal, Ex parte (1898) 14 WN (NSW) 141 ................................................................................................... CA.565.20 Hop Sing, Ex parte (1887) 4 WN (NSW) 59 ............................................................................................................ CLP.80 Horne v Coleman (1929) 46 WN (NSW) 30 .............................................................................. CA.546C.100, CA.58.200 Horsfield v Brown [1932] 1 KB 355 .......................................................................................... CA.546C.100, CA.58.200 Hortin v Rowbottom (1993) 61 SASR 313; 68 A Crim R 381 .................................... CA.33.160, CA.60.120, SOA.4.20 Horton v Gwynne [1921] 2 KB 661 .................................................................................................................... CA.511.40

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Horton v Mead [1913] 1 KB 154 ........................................................................................................................ SOA.16.40 Houghton v The Queen (2004) 28 WAR 399; 144 A Crim R 343; [2004] WASCA 20 ................................... CA.59.100 Houston v Crannage [1990] WAR 11; (1989) 42 A Crim R 446 ............................ CPA.19.180, CPA.62.100, CPA.66.40 Howard v Pacholli [1973] VR 833 ........................................................................................... CPA.156.120, CPA.156.140 Howe v The Queen (1980) 55 ALJR 5; 32 ALR 478 .......................................................................................... CLP.1440 Howell v Doyle [1952] VLR 128 ........................................................................................................................ CA.351.60 Huddart, Parker & Co Pty Ltd v Moorehead (1909) 8 CLR 330; 15 ALR 241; [1909] HCA 36 .................. CA.319.140 Hudson v Cox [1952] SASR 168 ....................................................................................................................... CPA.19.160 Hudson v MacRae (1863) 4 Best and Smith 585 ............................................................................................... CA.512.80 Hudson v United States (US SC 10 December 1997) .................................................................................... CPA.156.160 Hughes v Dempsey (1915) 17 WALR 186 ....................................................................................... CA.527C.100, CLP.80 Hughes v Fingleton (1977) 17 SASR 433 ............................................................................................................ SOA.3.60 Hughes v McFarlane [1983] 2 VR 17 .............................................................................................................. CA.52A.120 Hughes v The Queen (1983) 10 A Crim R 125 ...................................................................... DMTA.25.80, DMTA.29.40 Hui Chi-Ming v The Queen [1992] 1 AC 34; (1992) 94 Cr App R 236 ......................................................... CA.345.140 Hull v Nuske (1974) 8 SASR 587 ................................................................................................ CA.546C.80, CA.33.160 Humes v Townsend (1989) 4 WAR 196 ............................................................................................................ CA.117.140 Hunt v Broome [1973] 1 QB 891 ......................................................................................................................... SOA.6.40 Hunt v The Queen (1825) 1 Moody 93; 168 ER 1198 ....................................................................................... CA.33.120 Hunter v Chief Constable of the West Midlands Police [1982] AC 529; [1981] 3 WLR 906; 3 All ER 727 ............................................................................................................... CPA.19.80, CPA.19.160, CPA.156.280 Hussien v Chong Fook Kam [1970] AC 942; [1970] 2 WLR 441; [1969] 3 All ER 1626 .......... CLP.80, LEPRA.11.20, LEPRA.48.80, LEPRA.99.80 Huynh v The Queen (2013) 228 A Crim R 306; [2013] HCA 6 ......................................................................... CLP.1880 Hyam v Director of Public Prosecutions [1975] AC 55; (1974) 59 Cr App R 91 ..................... CA.4A.40, CA.19A.500, CA.19A.520, CA.5.120, CLP.1400, CLP.1500 Hyder v Commonwealth (2012) 217 A Crim R 571; [2012] NSWCA 336 ........................ LEPRA.11.20, LEPRA.99.60, LEPRA.99.80, LEPRA.99.140

I I v Director of Public Prosecutions [2002] 1 AC 285 ...................................................................................... CA.93C.100 ICAL Ltd v County Natwest Securities Aust Ltd (1988) 13 ACLR 129 ............................................................. CA.5.120 Iannella v French (1968) 119 CLR 84; [1968] HCA 14 ................. CA.4A.40, CA.5.120, CA.53.80, CLP.80, CLP.1280, CLP.1380, CLP.1400, CLP.1480, SOA.5.40 Ibbs v The Queen (1987) 163 CLR 447; (1987) 27 A Crim R 465; [1987] HCA 46 ............... CA.61H.20, CA.66A.120 Ibbs v The Queen [1988] WAR 91 .................................................................................................................. CA.61HA.40 Ilich v The Queen (1987) 162 CLR 110 .................................................................. CA.117.80, CA.117.160, CA.117.400 Imiyo Wamela v The State [1982] PNGLR 269 ................................................................................................ CA.22A.40 Immigration, Local Government & Ethnic Affairs, Minister for v Dela Cruz (1992) 34 FCR 348 ........... CA.192G.120, CA.178BB.200, LEPRA.76.20 Ingle v Bell (1836) 1 M & W 516 ................................................................................................................... LEPRA.9.40 Inland Revenue Commissioners, Re; Ex parte Rossminster [1980] AC 952 .................................................. LEPRA.9.20 Innes v Weate [1984] Tas R 14; 12 A Crim R 45 ......................... CA.58.160, CA.60.120, LEPRA.9.40, LEPRA.99.180 Invicta Plastics Ltd v Clare [1976] Crim LR 131 .................................................................................................. CLP.960 Ireland v Samuels (1974) 7 SASR 19 ............................................................................................................... CA.154A.40 Irving v Nishimura (1907) 5 CLR 233 .................................................................................................................. CA.7.120 Itaoui v The Queen (2005) 158 A Crim R 233; [2005] NSWCCA 415 ............................................................. SPA.44.40

J JAL and LL, Re (1974) 3 DCR 182 ................................................................................................................. CA.527C.80 JIT Jarden v Thompson (1995) 85 A Crim R 24 ................................................................................................ SOA.16.40 JJC (a minor) v Eisenhower [1984] QB 331; [1983] 3 WLR 537; [1983] 3 All ER 230 ................ CA.27.80, CA.96.80, CA.98.180

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JM v The Queen [2015] NSWSC 978 ......................................................................... BA.16A.20, BA.16A.40, BA.17.80 Jackowitz v The Queen [2006] NSWCCA 419 ............................................................................................ DMTA.24A.20 Jackson v Goldsmith (1950) 81 CLR 446 ....................................................................................................... CPA.156.260 Jackson v The Queen (1976) 134 CLR 42; 50 ALJR 544; [1976] HCA 16 ................................................... CA.19A.660 Jaffrey v Sanders [1923] SASR 276 .......................................................................................................................... CLP.80 Jago v District Court (NSW) (1989) 168 CLR 23; 41 A Crim R 307 ................ CPA.19.100, CPA.19.120, CPA.19.140, CPA.19.180 James v Robinson (1963) 109 CLR 593; 37 ALJR 151; [1963] HCA 32 ....................................................... CA.319.140 James v The Queen (2014) 88 ALJR 427; [2014] HCA 6 .......................................................... CPA.162.40, CPA.162.60 James & Son v Smee [1955] 1 QB 78; [1954] 3 WLR 631; [1954] 3 All ER 273 ............................................... CLP.80 Jamieson v The Queen (1993) 177 CLR 574 ................................................................... CA.178BA.120, CA.178BB.240 Jamieson v The Queen (1993) 177 CLR 574; 67 A Crim R 150; [1993] HCA 48 ...................................... CA.192E.120 Jan v Fingleton (1983) 32 SASR 379; (1983) 9 A Crim R 293 ...................................................................... CA.546A.40 Jan v Fingleton (1983) 32 SASR 379; 9 A Crim R 293 .................................................................................. CA.93X.120 Jeffrey v Bamford [1921] 2 KB 351 .................................................................................................................... CA.117.20 Jeffrey v DPP (Cth) (1995) 79 A Crim R 514 .................................................................................................. CA.316.160 Jeffs v Graham (1987) 8 NSWLR 292; (1987) 28 A Crim R 211 ....................................................................... SOA.4.40 Jelson (Estates) Ltd v Harvey [1983] 1 WLR 1401; [1984] 1 All ER 12 ..................................................... CPA.156.160 Jemielita v The Queen (1995) 81 A Crim R 409 .................................................................................................... CLP.520 Jensen v Eleftheriou [1982] VR 184 ............................................................................................................... CA.546C.100 Jephson v Barker (1886) 3 TLR 40 ..................................................................................................................... CA.432.20 Jiminez v The Queen (1992) 173 CLR 572; 59 A Crim R 308; [1992] HCA 14 .................... CA.52A.20, CA.52A.120, CLP.1360, CLP.1380 Joel v Mealey (1987) 27 A Crim R 280 ............................................................................................................ CPA.19.180 Johanson v Dixon (1979) 143 CLR 376; 53 ALJR 494; [1979] HCA 23 .................................. CA.93X.80, CA.546A.40 John Fairfax Publications Pty Ltd v Ryde Local Court (2005) 62 NSWLR 512; 152 A Crim R 527; [2005] NSWCA 101 ................................................................................................... DPVA.9.40, LEPRA.99.120 John L Pty Ltd v Attorney-General (NSW) (1987) 163 CLR 508; (1987) 27 A Crim R 228; [1987] HCA 42 ........................................................................................................................................ CA.178BB.200 John L Pty Ltd v Attorney-General (NSW) (1987) 163 CLR 508; 27 A Crim R 228; [1987] HCA 42 ................................................................................................................................................................ CA.192G.120 Johns v The Queen (1980) 143 CLR 108; [1980] HCA 3 ............. CA.19A.200, CA.19A.600, CA.45.120, CA.345.140, CA.346.80 Johnson v Collier (1997) 142 FLR 409 ................................................................................................................. CA.60.80 Johnson v Director of Public Prosecutions (unreported, NSWSC, 26 June 1996) ........................................ CA.52AA.40 Johnson v Miller (1937) 59 CLR 467 ................................................................................................................. SOA.13.20 Johnson v Phillips [1976] 1 WLR 65; [1975] 3 All ER 682 .......................................................... CA.58.200, CA.60.120 Johnson v Sargant & Sons [1918] 1 KB 101 ........................................................................................................ CLP.1480 Johnson v The Queen (1976) 136 CLR 619; 51 ALJR 57; [1976] HCA 44 ............... CA.23.60, CA.23.120, CA.23.140 Johnson v Youden [1950] 1 KB 544; [1950] 1 All ER 300 ........................... CA.345.80, CA.351.60, CLP.40, CLP.1480 Johnstone v New South Wales (2010) 202 A Crim R 422; [2010] NSWCA 70 ..................... CA.33.160, LEPRA.99.60, LEPRA.99.120, LEPRA.99.160 Jolliffe v Dean (1954) 54 SR (NSW) 157; 71 WN (NSW) 90 ........................................................................ CA.19A.540 Jolly v Salvitti [1974] VR 484 .......................................................................................................................... CA.546A.40 Jolly v Virgo [1927] SASR 188 ................................................................................................................................. CLP.80 Jones v Daire (1983) 32 SASR 369 .................................................................................................................. CA.546C.60 Jones v Harris [1946] SASR 98 .............................................................................................................................. CLP.580 Jones v Morley (1981) 29 SASR 57 ................................................................................................. SPA.10.60, SPA.10.80 Jones v The Queen (1997) 143 ALR 52; 71 ALJR 538 ......................................................................... CA.Pt3.Div10.320 Jones v The Queen (1997) 191 CLR 439; 98 A Crim R 107 ......................................................................... CPA.150.200 Jones v United States (1962) 308 F 2d 307 ...................................................................................... CA.24.220, CA.44.80 Jones, Ex parte (1913) 30 WN (NSW) 57 ........................................................................................................... CA.157.60 Jordan v Gibbon (1863) 8 LT 391 .................................................................................................................... LEPRA.9.40 Joyce v Director of Public Prosecutions [1946] AC 347; (1946) 31 Cr App R 57 .............................................. CLP.180

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Judge v Bennett (1887) 4 TLR 75 .................................................................................................................... CA.545B.40 Jull v Treanor (1896) 14 NZLR 513 ................................................................................................................... SOA.17.40

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K K, Re (1993) 46 FCR 336 .................................................................................................................................... CA.60.120 K, ReDirector of Public Prosecutions Reference 1993 (ACT) (1993) 46 FCR 336; sub nom(1993) 71 A Crim R 115 ............................................................................................................................................ CA.58.200 K, Re [2002] NSWCCA 374 .............................................................................................................................. CPA.19.180 KBT v The Queen (1997) 191 CLR 417; 99 A Crim R 18 ............................................................................ CPA.150.200 KRM v The Queen (2001) 206 CLR 221; (2001) 118 A Crim R 262; [2001] HCA 11 ..................... CA.Pt3.Div10.180, CPA.21.260, CPA.150.200 Kaighin v The Queen (1990) 1 WAR 390 ........................................................................................................ CA.52A.200 Kaine v Strickland [1982] Tas R 37 ................................................................................................................ CPA.156.140 Kaitamaki v The Queen [1985] AC 147; [1984] 3 WLR 137; [1984] 2 All ER 435 ...................................... CA.61H.20 Kalick v The Queen (1920) 55 DLR 104 .......................................................................................................... CA.319.140 Kaliyanda v The Queen [2007] NSWCCA 300 ................................................................................................ CA.19A.160 Kamara v DPP [1974] AC 104; [1973] 3 WLR 198; (1973) 57 Cr App R 880 ............................................. CA.545C.60 Kamara v Director of Public Prosecutions [1974] AC 104; [1973] 3 WLR 198; (1973) 57 Cr App R 880 .................................................................................................................................................. CLP.740, CLP.760 Kanan v Australian Postal & Telecommunications Union (1992) 43 IR 257; [1992] FCA 539 ..................... CPA.214.40 Kaporonovski v The Queen (1973) 133 CLR 209 ............................................................... CLP.120, CLP.300, CLP.1060 Karina Fisheries Pty Ltd v Mitson (1990) 26 FCR 473; 50 A Crim R 98 .......................... LEPRA.47.20, LEPRA.76.20 Kassis v Katsantonis [1984] 3 NSWLR 330 .................................................. CA.527A.20, CA.527A.80, CA.178BB.240 Kavanagh v Hiscock [1974] QB 600; [1974] 2 WLR 421; [1974] 2 All ER 177 ............................................ CA.58.160 Kearon v Grant [1991] 1 VR 321 .......................................................................................................................... CLP.1360 Keating v Gresham (1985) 79 FLR 4; 17 A Crim R 234 ............................................................................... CPA.156.140 Keeble v The United States (1973) 412 US 205 ............................................................................................... CPA.162.60 Keil v The Queen (1979) 53 ALJR 525 .................................................................................................................. CLP.360 Keir v The Queen [2007] NSWCCA 149 ......................................................................................................... CA.19A.160 Keller v The Queen [2006] NSWCCA 204 ................................................................................................... DMTA.25.200 Kelly v The King (1923) 32 CLR 509; [1923] HCA 46 ..................................... CA.19A.180, CA.19A.600, CPA.162.60 Kelly v The Queen (1989) 23 FCR 463; 90 ALR 481 ....................................................................................... CA.97.140 Kelsey v Hill [1995] 1 Qd R 182; (1994) 74 A Crim R 59 ............................................................................. CA.316.200 Kemp v The King (1951) 83 CLR 341 ...................................................................................... CPA.19.160, CPA.156.200 Kendal v The Queen [1984] WAR 150 ............................................................................................................... CA.33.160 Kenlin v Gardiner [1967] 2 QB 510; [1967] 2 WLR 129; [1966] 3 All ER 931 ... CA.546C.60, CA.33.160, CA.58.140 Kennison v Daire (1985) 38 SASR 404 ............................................................................................................ CA.117.360 Keyes, Re (1884) 1 WN (NSW) 17 .................................................................................................................. CA.527C.60 Khamis v The Queen (2010) 203 A Crim R 121; [2010] NSWCCA 179 ........................................................... CLP.1840 Kilby v The Queen (1973) 129 CLR 460 ............................... CA.Pt3.Div10.360, CA.Pt3.Div10.380, CA.Pt3.Div10.560 Killick v The Queen (1981) 147 CLR 565 .................................................................................. CPA.150.20, CPA.150.60 King v Lees (1948) 65 TLR 21 ......................................................................................................................... CA.195.100 King v Stair (1953) 70 WN (NSW) 248 .......................................................................................................... CA.52AA.40 King v The Queen (1986) 161 CLR 423; (1986) 21 A Crim R 436; [1986] HCA 59 .............. CPA.21.160, CPA.159.20 King v The Queen (2003) 215 CLR 150; 77 ALJR 1477; [2003] HCA 42 ........................................................ CLP.2260 King v The Queen (2012) 86 ALJR 833; [2012] HCA 24 .............................................................................. CA.52A.200 King, Ex parte; Re Blackley (1938) 55 WN (NSW) 175 .............................................................................. CA.546B.120 Kingswell v The Queen (1985) 159 CLR 264; 19 A Crim R 65 ...................... CA.195.20, CPA.154.60, LEPRA.99.100 Kintominas v AG (NSW) (1987) 24 A Crim R 456 ......................................................................................... CPA.19.180 Kippist v Parnell (1988) 36 A Crim R 18 ............................................................................................................. CA.5.180 Knaggs v Director of Public Prosecutions (2007) 170 A Crim R 366; [2007] NSWCA 83 ........................... CPA.175.20 Knight v The Queen (1992) 175 CLR 495; 63 A Crim R 166; [1992] HCA 56 ... CA.344A.60, CA.27.100, CA.28.100, CA.29.100, CA.30.100, CLP.580 Knight’s Appeal, Re (1968) 12 FLR 81 .............................................................................................................. CA.33.120

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Knowles v The King [1930] AC 366 .................................................................................................................... CLP.1460 Koerner v Bretherton (1995) 128 FLR 291 ......................................................................................................... CA.423.80 Koetsveld v Patrick (1903) 29 VLR 152 .............................................................................................................. SOA.6.40 Kolalich v Director of Public Prosecutions (NSW) (1991) 173 CLR 222; 57 A Crim R 237; [1991] HCA 47 ...................................................................................................... CPA.19.160, CPA.65.20, CPA.66.40 Korp v Egg and Egg Pulp Marketing Board [1964] VR 563 ........................................................................... CA.117.160 Kowbel v R [1954] 4 DLR 337 ............................................................................................................................. CLP.1220 Krakouer v The Queen (1998) 194 CLR 202; (1998) 102 A Crim R 490; [1998] HCA 43 ........ CLP.680, DMTA.26.60 Krakouer v Western Australia (2006) 161 A Crim R 347; [2006] WASCA 81 ...................... CA.19A.280, CA.19A.300, CA.19A.380, CLP.420, CLP.440 Kribs v The Queen [1960] SCR 400 ....................................................................................................... CA.Pt3.Div10.400 Kruger v Commonwealth (1997) 190 CLR 1; [1997] HCA 27 .......................................................................... CPA.36.20 Kunnath v The State [1993] 1 WLR 1315; 4 All ER 30; 98 Cr App R 455 ..................................................... CPA.34.20 Kural v The Queen (1987) 162 CLR 502; (1987) 29 A Crim R 12; [1987] HCA 16 ..................... CLP.1300, CLP.1400, DMTA.7.40 Kurucz v Mayne [1966] SASR 82 ....................................................................................................................... CA.351.60

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L La Fontaine v The Queen (1976) 136 CLR 62; [1976] HCA 52 ................................................. CA.4A.40, CA.19A.500 La Fontaine v The Queen (1976) 136 CLR 62; 51 ALJR 145; [1976] HCA 52 .................................................. CLP.360 Lacis v Cashmarts [1969] 2 QB 400 ................................................................................................................. CA.117.160 Lake v Simmons [1927] AC 487 ....................................................................................................................... CA.117.360 Lambell v Moore [1929] VLR 149 .......................................................................... CA.117.80, CA.117.360, CA.179.280 Land & Water Conservation, Department of v Greentree (2003) 140 A Crim R 25; [2003] NSWCCA 31 .................................................................................................................................................... CLP.1360 Lane v The Queen [2013] NSWCCA 317 ......................................................................................................... CPA.162.60 Langford v Commissioner of Corrective Services (1993) 31 NSWLR 661 ................................................... CA.447A.40 Langley, Ex parte; Re Humphries (1953) 70 WN (NSW) 217 .......................................................................... SOA.16.40 Langman v Valentine [1952] 2 All ER 803 .............................................................................. CA.52A.120, CA.52AB.80 Langrish v Archer (1882) 10 QBD 44 ..................................................................................................................... CA.8.20 Lanham v Brake (1983) 34 SASR 578; 13 A Crim R 293; 74 FLR 284 ..................................... SPA.10.80, SPA.10.100 Lanier v The King [1914] AC 221 ................................................................................................................. CA.178A.180 Latham v The Queen (1864) 5 B & S 635; 122 ER 968; 9 Cox CC 516 ....................................................... CPA.21.180 Latimer v The Queen [2001] 1 SCR 3 .................................................................................................................. CLP.2820 Latoudis v Casey (1990) 170 CLR 534; (1990) 50 A Crim R 287; [1990] HCA 59 ............... CPA.159.20, CPA.212.20, CPA.213.40 Lawrence v Ridsdale [1968] 2 QB 93; [1968] 2 WLR 1062; [1968] 1 All ER 1191 .................................. CA.344A.140 Lawrie v Muir [1950] SLT 37 ......................................................................................................................... LEPRA.48.80 Le Poidevin v Hudson [1935] SASR 223 ....................................................................................................... CA.527C.100 Leach v The King [1912] AC 305 ....................................................................................................................... SOA.15.40 Leaman v The Queen (1987) 28 A Crim R 104 .......................................................................... CPA.21.120, CPA.21.320 Leary v Cohan (1940) 14 LGR 142 .................................................................................................................. CA.249A.20 Leavett v Clark [1915] 3 KB 9 ............................................................................................................................ CA.512.20 Lee v Risdon (1816) 7 Taunton 188 .................................................................................................................. CA.117.260 Lee v Saint [1958] VR 126 .................................................................................................................................. CPA.19.40 Lee Chun Chuen v The Queen [1963] AC 220; [1962] 3 WLR 1461; [1963] 1 All ER 73 ........... CA.23.20, CA.23.60, CA.23.120 Legal Services Commission (NSW) v Stephens [1981] 2 NSWLR 697 ............................................................ CPA.36.20 Legg v Pardoe (1860) CBNS 289 ........................................................................................................................ CA.512.80 Leicester & Co v Cherryman [1907] 2 KB 101 .................................................................................................. CA.438.20 Leigh v Cole (1853) 6 Cox CC 329 ............................................................................................................... LEPRA.23.80 Lemesk Pty Ltd v Easterby (1993) 66 A Crim R 337 ............................... LEPRA.48.80, LEPRA.48.120, LEPRA.76.20 Lemon v A-G (1932) 50 WN (NSW) 19 ............................................................................................................. CPA.30.20 Lenard v The Queen (1992) 57 SASR 164 ....................................................................................................... CA.117.200

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TABLE OF CASES

Lenfield, Re (1993) 114 FLR 195 ........................................................................................................................ CA.61.240 Lenthall v Fimeri [1933] SASR 22 ................................................................................................................. CA.527C.160 Lenthall v Newman [1932] SASR 126 ................................................................................... CA.527C.100, CA.527C.160 Lentin v Reynolds [1966] VR 182 ...................................................................................................................... CA.91A.40 Lenzi v Miller [1965] SASR 1 ............................................................................................................................. CA.351.60 Leonard v Cresswell [1920] SALR 165 ............................................................................................................... SPA.10.80 Leonard v Morris (1975) 10 SASR 528 ............................................... CA.546C.60, CA.546C.80, CA.60.120, CLP.1400 Lergesner v Carroll [1991] 1 Qd R 202; 49 A Crim R 51 ................................................................................. CA.61.160 Letts v King [1988] WAR 76 ............................................................................................................................... CA.60.120 Levine v O’Keefe [1930] VLR 70 .................................................................................................................. LEPRA.23.80 Levinge v Director of Custodial Services (1987) 9 NSWLR 546; 27 A Crim R 163 ..................................... CPA.19.160 Levy v Victoria (1997) 189 CLR 579 .................................................................................................................. CPA.36.20 Lewis v Arnold (1830) 4 C & P 354 ................................................................................................................ LEPRA.9.40 Lewis v Cox [1985] QB 509; [1984] 3 WLR 875; [1984] 3 All ER 672 ......................................................... CA.58.160 Lewis v Crafter [1942] SASR 30 ......................................................................................................................... CA.351.60 Lewis v Morgan [1943] 1 KB 376 ................................................................................................................... CPA.156.160 Lewis v Ogden (1984) 153 CLR 682; [1984] HCA 26 ............................................................................................ CLP.80 Lewis v Tonkin [1929] SASR 324 ....................................................................................................................... SPA.10.80 Li v The Queen [2005] NSWCCA 442 ............................................................................................................... CA.59.100 Li Wan Quai v Christie (1906) 3 CLR 1125 ............................................................................. CPA.156.80, CPA.156.100 Liangsiriprasert v United States [1991] 1 AC 225; [1990] 3 WLR 606; (1991) 92 Cr App R 77 ....................... CLP.700 Lichaa v The Queen (1980) 3 A Crim R 355 ................................................................................................... CA.316.200 Lighter (No 3), The (1902) 18 TLR 322 ............................................................................................................... CA.32.80 Likiardopoulos v The Queen (2012) 86 ALJR 1168; [2012] HCA 37 ..................................... CA.19A.160, CA.19A.200 Lim Chin Aik v The Queen [1963] AC 160; [1963] 2 WLR 42; [1963] 1 All ER 223 ... CLP.80, CLP.1040, CLP.1280, CLP.1360 Limbo v Little (1989) 45 A Crim R 61 ................................................................................................................. CLP.2820 Lindley v Rutter [1981] QB 128; [1980] 3 WLR 660; (1981) 72 Cr App R 1 ................... LEPRA.23.80, LEPRA.31.20 Lindsay v The Queen (2015) 89 ALJR 518; [2015] HCA 16 ............................................................ CA.23.20, CA.23.60 Lipohar v The Queen (1999) 200 CLR 485; 109 A Crim R 207; [1999] HCA 65 ............................................... CLP.960 Lipohar v The Queen (1999) 200 CLR 485; 74 ALJR 282; 109 A Crim R 207; [1999] HCA 65 ................. CA.10E.20, CLP.700, CLP.740, CLP.780 Lippl v Haines (1989) 18 NSWLR 620; 47 A Crim R 148 .... CA.33.160, LEPRA.10.40, LEPRA.48.60, LEPRA.99.60 Lister v Perryman (1870) LR 4 HL 521 ................................................................................................................... CLP.80 Livermore v The Queen (2006) 67 NSWLR 659; [2006] NSWCCA 334 ....................................................... CPA.160.20 Liverpool Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children v Jones [1914] 3 KB 813 ................................. CA.43A.80 Liversidge v Anderson [1942] AC 206; [1941] 3 All ER 338 ................................. CLP.80, LEPRA.9.20, LEPRA.99.60 Lloyd v Director of Public Prosecutions (UK) [1992] 1 All ER 982 .............................................................. CA.195.100 Lockyer v Ferryman (1877) 2 App Cas 519 .................................................................................................... CPA.156.260 Lodwick v Saunders [1985] 1 WLR 382; All ER 577; (1984) 80 Cr App R 305 ....................................... LEPRA.23.80 Logdon v DPP [1976] Crim LR 121 ................................................................................................................... CA.61.140 Lomas v Peek [1947] 2 All ER 574 .......................................................................................................................... CLP.80 London Jewellers Ltd v Attenborough [1934] 2 KB 206 ................................................................................. CA.117.360 London and Globe Finance Corporation Ltd, Re [1903] 1 Ch 728 ................. CA.176A.80, CA.192E.120, CA.176.120, CA.178BA.120, CA.250.100, CLP.80 Long v Rawlins (1874) 4 QSCR 86 ...................................................................................................................... CA.56.80 Longman v The Queen (1989) 168 CLR 79; (1989) 43 A Crim R 463; [1989] HCA 60 ................... CA.Pt3.Div10.180, CA.Pt3.Div10.300, CA.Pt3.Div10.620, CPA.150.200 Love v Attorney-General (NSW) (1990) 169 CLR 307; 64 ALJR 175; [1990] HCA 4 .............................. LEPRA.76.20 Lovelace v Director of Public Prosecutions [1954] 1 WLR 1468; [1954] 3 All ER 481 ....................................... CLP.80 Lowe v Hooker (1987) 35 A Crim R 90 ........................................................................................................... CA.117.320 Lucerne v Collins [1967] 1 NSWR 407; (1966) 86 WN (Pt 1) (NSW) 247 ................................ CA.310D.60, CLP.1460 Ludlow v Burgess (1982) 75 Cr App R 227; [1971] Crim LR 238 ..................................................................... CA.95.80

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Ludlow v Metropolitan Police Commissioner [1971] AC 29; [1970] 2 WLR 521; [1970] 1 All ER 567 ...................................................................................................................... CPA.21.180, CPA.21.260, CPA.21.280 Ly v Jenkins (2001) 114 FCR 237; 123 A Crim R 462; [2001] FCA 1640 ............................... CPA.213.40, CPA.213.60 Lynch v Lynch (1991) 25 NSWLR 411 ............................................................................................................ CA.52A.160 Lyons v Smart (1908) 6 CLR 143 ............................................................................................................................. CLP.80 Lyons v The Queen (1992) 1 Tas R 193; 64 A Crim R 101 ............................................................................ CPA.160.20 Lyons (J) & Sons v Wilkins (No 1) [1896] 1 Ch 811 ...................................................................................... CA.545B.40 Lyons (J) & Sons v Wilkins (No 2) [1899] 1 Ch 255 ..................................................................................... CA.545B.40

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M M v Director of Public Prosecutions (unreported, NSW Sup Ct, 6 March 1996) ........................................... CPA.132.20 M v The Queen (1994) 181 CLR 487; (1994) 76 A Crim R 213; [1994] HCA 63 ............................. CA.Pt3.Div10.320, CA.Pt3.Div10.500, CA.Pt3.Div10.600, CA.Pt3.Div10.660 M v The Queen [2015] NSWSC 138 ................................................................................................................. BA.16A.40 M v West London Youth Court; Ex parte M (unreported, 7 July 1999) ......................................................... CA.93C.100 M & J S Properties Ltd v White [1959] 2 QB 25 ................................................................................................ SOA.3.40 MFA v The Queen (2002) 213 CLR 606; 135 A Crim R 361 ............................................................... CA.Pt3.Div10.180 MG v The Queen (2010) 29 VR 305; 200 A Crim R 433; [2010] VSCA 97 ..................................... CLP.160, CLP.2500 MLP v The Queen (2006) 164 A Crim R 93; [2006] NSWCCA 271 ............................................................. CA.66A.120 MRN v The Queen [2006] NSWCCA 155 .......................................................................................................... SPA.11.20 MS2 v The Queen (2005) 158 A Crim R 93; [2005] NSWCCA 397 ................................................................ CA.96.100 Mabbott v The Queen [1990] WAR 323 (1989) 40 A Crim R 243 ................................................................. CA.188.100 MacConnel v Brennan [1908] 2 IR 411 .............................................................................................................. CPA.62.40 MacDonald v Beare (1904) 1 CLR 513 .............................................................................. LEPRA.48.60, LEPRA.48.120 MacDonald v The King (1935) 52 CLR 739; [1935] HCA 18 ................................................... CA.93X.80, CA.546A.40 MacKenzie v The Queen (1996) 190 CLR 348; 71 ALJR 91; 90 A Crim R 468; 141 ALR 70 .................. CA.19A.600, CA.327.20, CA.327.180, CPA.162.80 MacKinlay v Wiley [1971] WAR 3 ....................................................................................................................... SOA.5.60 MacLeod v A-G (NSW) [1891] AC 455 ............................................................................................................. CPA.46.40 MacPherson v Brown (1975) 12 SASR 184 .................................................................. CA.61.20, CA.61.100, CA.61.120 MacPherson v The Queen (1981) 147 CLR 512; 55 ALJR 594; [1981] HCA 46 ............................................ CPA.36.20 Machent v Quinn [1970] 2 All ER 255 ............................................................................................................... CA.117.20 Mackalley’s Case (1611) 9 Co Rep 61 .............................................................................................................. CA.345.180 Mackay v The Queen (1977) 136 CLR 465; 51 ALJR 496; [1977] HCA 22 ................................................. CPA.21.160 Macleod v The Queen (2003) 214 CLR 230; 140 A Crim R 343; [2003] HCA 24 ................. CA.117.200, CA.173.200, CA.197.100 Macpherson v Brown (1975) 12 SASR 184 .......................................................................................................... CA.95.80 Madden; O’Sullivan v Tregaskis [1948] SASR 12 ........................................................................................... CA.527C.60 Magna Plant Ltd v Mitchell [1966] Crim LR 394 .................................................................................................... CLP.80 Mahadeo v The King [1936] 2 All ER 813 ....................................................................................................... CA.347.100 Maher v Musson (1934) 52 CLR 100; [1934] HCA 64 ....................................................................................... CLP.1380 Maher v The Queen (1987) 163 CLR 221; 25 A Crim R 261; [1987] HCA 31 ......................... CPA.21.20, CPA.21.380 Maingay v Mansfield [1919] WAR 70 .............................................................................................................. CA.546C.60 Majury v Sunbeam Corporation Ltd [1974] 1 NSWLR 659 .................................................................................... CLP.80 Makin v Attorney-General (NSW) [1894] AC 57 ............................................................................................. CPA.21.220 Mallan v Lee (1949) 80 CLR 198; [1949] HCA 48 ................................................................................................. CLP.80 Mallard v The Queen (2005) 224 CLR 125; 157 A Crim R 121; [2005] HCA 68 ............................................. CLP.1800 Malubel Pty Ltd v Elder (1998) 88 FCR 242 ................................................................................................ LEPRA.76.20 Malubel Pty Ltd v Elder (No 2) (1998) 73 ALJR 269 .................................................................................. LEPRA.76.20 Malvaso v The Queen (1989) 168 CLR 227; 43 A Crim R 451; [1989] HCA 58 .......................................... CPA.156.20 Mammone v Chaplin (1991) 54 A Crim R 163 .................................................................... LEPRA.21.20, LEPRA.23.80 Mamote-Kulang v The Queen (1964) 111 CLR 62; 37 ALJR 516; [1964] HCA 21 ............. CA.19A.360, CA.19A.380, CLP.120

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TABLE OF CASES

Mancini v Director of Public Prosecutions [1942] AC 1; [1941] 3 All ER 272; (1943) 28 Cr App R 65 ...................................................................................................... CA.19A.600, CA.18.20, CA.23.140, CLP.2280 Mancini v Director of Public Prosecutions [1942] AC 1; 28 Cr App R 65 ........................................................ CLP.1440 Manley v Tucs (1984) 40 SASR 1; (1984) 15 A Crim R 356; (1984) 83 FLR 198 ............................................... CLP.80 Mann v Jacombe (1961) 78 WN (NSW) 635 .................................................................................................... CPA.113.40 Manning v Cory [1974] WAR 60 .............................................................................................................................. CLP.80 Mansell v Griffin [1908] 1 KB 947 ..................................................................................................................... CA.61.320 Mansfield v Kelly [1972] VR 744 ........................................................................................................................... CA.8.20 March v E & MH Stramare Pty Ltd (1991) 171 CLR 506; 65 ALJR 335; [1991] HCA 12 ......... CA.52A.140, CLP.420 Margarula v Rose (1999) 149 FLR 444; [1999] NTSC 22 ............................................................................... CA.117.200 Marinellis v The Queen [2006] NSWCCA 307 ................................................................................................ CA.319.160 Mark v Henshaw (1998) 85 FCR 555; (1998) 101 A Crim R 122 .......................................................................... CLP.80 Markby v The Queen (1978) 140 CLR 108; 52 ALJR 626; [1978] HCA 29 ............................ CA.345.100, CPA.21.220 Markou v The Queen (2012) 221 A Crim R 48; [2012] NSWCCA 64 ......................................... CA.35.100, CA.35.120 Marsh v Vauhan 78 ER 937; (1598) Cro Eliz 701 ................................................................................................. CLP.780 Marshall v Benson (1969) 72 SR (NSW) 151 ........................................................................................................ CA.7.80 Marshall v Szommer (1989) 44 A Crim R 198 ................................................................................................. CA.117.380 Marshall v Szommer [1990] Tas R 210 ............................................................................................................. CA.117.400 Martin v Osborne (1936) 55 CLR 367 ......................................................................................... CA.51A.120, CA.83.120 Martin v Osborne (1936) 55 CLR 367; [1936] HCA 23 ........................................................................................ CLP.580 Martin v Puttick [1968] 2 QB 82 ....................................................................................................................... CA.117.340 Martin v The Queen (1981) 4 A Crim R 302 ................................................................................................... CA.52A.200 Martin v The Queen (2010) 28 VR 579; 202 A Crim R 97; [2010] VSCA 153 ................................................ CLP.2660 Martindale v Falkner (1846) 2 CB 706; 135 ER 1124 ......................................................................................... CLP.1480 Masciantonio v The Queen (1995) 183 CLR 58; 80 A Crim R 331; [1995] HCA 67 ..................... CA.23.20, CA.23.60, CA.23.120, CA.23.140, CA.23.160 Matheson v Matheson [1952] VLR 27 ................................................................................................................ CPA.19.40 Mattar v The Queen [2012] NSWCCA 98 ............................................................................................................ CLP.2820 Matterson; Ex parte Helfenbaum (1993) 2 Tas R 115 ...................................................................................... CPA.19.180 Matthews v City of Prahran [1925] VLR 469 .......................................................................................................... CLP.80 Matthews v Fountain [1982] VR 1045 ........................................................ CA.192E.200, CA.192F.180, CA.178BA.160 Mattingley v Tuckwood (1989) 43 A Crim R 111; 88 ACTR 1 .................................................................... CA.192E.120 Mattingly v Tuckwood (1989) 43 A Crim R 111; (1989) 88 ATCR 1 ....................................................... CA.178BA.120 Matusevich v The Queen (1977) 137 CLR 633; 51 ALJR 657; [1977] HCA 30 ........................................... CA.19A.200 Mawji v The Queen [1957] AC 126; [1957] 2 WLR 277; [1957] 1 All ER 385 ............................................... CLP.1220 Maxwell v Director of Public Prosecutions [1935] AC 309; (1934) 24 Cr App R 152 .............. CA.188.240, CPA.36.20 Maxwell v Keun [1928] 1 KB 645 ...................................................................................................................... CPA.19.40 Maxwell v The Queen (1996) 184 CLR 501; 87 A Crim R 180 ... CPA.66.40, CPA.113.40, CPA.154.60, CPA.154.100, CPA.154.120, CPA.154.140, CPA.154.160, CPA.154.180, CPA.154.200, CPA.154.220 May v O’Sullivan (1955) 92 CLR 654; [1955] HCA 38 .................................................................... CLP.360, CPA.62.60 May v The Queen [2012] NSWCCA 111 ......................................................................................................... CA.19A.200 Maybury v Plowman (1913) 16 CLR 468 ............................................................................................................... CA.3.20 McAneny v Kearney; Ex parte Kearney [1966] Qd R 306 .................................................................................... CA.8.20 McArthur v Williams (1936) 55 CLR 324 ..................................................................................................... LEPRA.76.40 McAuliffe v The Queen (1995) 183 CLR 108; 69 ALJR 621; 79 A Crim R 229; 130 ALR 26 .................. CA.19A.160, CA.19A.200, CA.19A.600, CA.52A.140, CA.345.140, CA.345.160, CLP.520 McAvaney v Quigley (1992) 58 A Crim R 457 .................................................................................................. CA.61.240 McBride v The Queen (1966) 115 CLR 44; 40 ALJR 57; [1966] HCA 22 ............ CA.52A.40, CA.52A.200, CLP.1300 McCarthy v The Queen (1984) 13 A Crim R 13 .............................................................................................. CA.117.440 McConnell v Chief Constable of Greater Manchester [1990] 1 WLR 364; [1990] 1 All ER 423; (1990) 91 Cr App R 88 .................................................................................................... LEPRA.9.40, LEPRA.99.180 McCullough v The Queen [1982] Tas R 43; 6 A Crim R 274 ......................................................................... CPA.160.20 McCullough v The Queen (2009) 194 A Crim R 439; [2009] NSWCCA 94 ............................. CA.33.100, SPA.21A.20 McDaniel’s Case (1755) 19 State Trials 745 ....................................................................................................... CA.345.80

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TABLE OF CASES

McDermott v The Queen (1987) 45 SASR 335 .............................................................................. CA.45.120, CPA.21.20 McDermott, Ex parte (1901) 18 WN (NSW) 231 .................................................................................................... CLP.80 McDonald v Lucas [1922] VLR 47 ......................................................................................................................... CLP.560 McDonald v Mather (1976) 13 SASR 438 .......................................................................................................... CA.119.40 McDonald v Webster [1913] VLR 506 ........................................................................................................... CA.527C.140 McDonald, Ex parte (1880) 1 LR (NSW) 252 .................................................................................................. CA.131.120 McDonnell v Smith (1918) 24 CLR 409; [1918] HCA 26 ................................................................................ CA.78A.20 McDougle v Royal Exchange Assurance Co (1816) 4 M & S 503; 105 ER 920 ............................................. CA.32.100 McDowell v Newchurch (1981) 53 FLR 55 ....................................................................................................... CA.58.200 McEwen v The Queen (1998) 99 A Crim R 421 .................................................................................................. CLP.2260 McGhee v The Queen (1995) 183 CLR 82; 69 ALJR 650; 79 A Crim R 281; [1995] HCA 69 ...................... CA.23.20, CA.27.100, CA.27.120, CA.30.80, CA.30.100, CA.33.40 McGowan v Chief Constable of Kingston Upon Hull [1967] Crim LR 34 ................................................. LEPRA.10.60 McGrath v The Queen (2010) 199 A Crim R 527; [2010] NSWCCA 48 .......... CA.61I.120, CA.61J.100, CA.61JA.100 McGreevy v Director of Public Prosecutions (UK) [1973] 1 WLR 276; [1973] 1 All ER 503; (1973) 57 Cr App R 424 .................................................................................................................................... CLP.580 McGregor v Benyon [1957] Crim LR 608 .............................................................................................................. CLP.560 McInnis v The Queen (1979) 143 CLR 575; 54 ALJR 122; [1979] HCA 65 ............................... CPA.19.40, CPA.36.20 McIntosh v Webster (1980) 43 FLR 112 ...................................................................................................... LEPRA.99.140 McIntyre v The Queen (2009) 198 A Crim R 549; [2009] NSWCCA 305 ........... CA.51A.120, CA.53.100, CA.59.100, CA.60.160, CA.86.180 McIvor v Garlick [1972] VR 129 ............................................................................................................................ CA.8.20 McKechnie v Jones (1976) 13 SASR 184 ............................................................................................................ CLP.1480 McKechnie v The Queen [2006] NSWCCA 13 .................................................................................................. CA.37.140 McKenzie v McKenzie [1971] P 33; [1970] 3 All ER 1034 .............................................................................. CPA.36.20 McKinna v Connelly [1918] VLR 641 .................................................................................................................... CA.8.20 McLachlan v Mesics (1966) 40 ALJR 204 ..................................................................................................... CA.546C.100 McLeod v Hanrahan (1886) 12 VLR 587 ......................................................................................................... CA.131.120 McLiney v Minster [1911] VLR 347 .............................................................................................................. LEPRA.99.60 McMillan v Reeves (1945) 62 WN (NSW) 126 ............... CA.344A.60, CA.344A.120, CA.27.80, CA.28.80, CA.29.80, CA.30.80 McNaghten’s Case (1843) 10 Clark & Finnelly 200; 8 ER 718 .... CLP.260, CLP.560, CLP.1020, CLP.1040, CLP.1060, CLP.1140 McPherson, Ex parte; Re Moss (1933) 50 WN (NSW) 25 ....................................................... CA.527C.60, CA.527C.80 Meering v Grahame-White Aviation Co Ltd (1919) 122 LT 44 ....................................................................... CA.61J.140 Mehemet Ali v The Queen (1957) 59 WALR 28 .................................................................................................. CA.23.60 Meikle v Le Sueur [1932] VLR 190 ............................................................................................................... CA.527C.160 Meissner v The Queen (1995) 184 CLR 132; (1995) 80 A Crim R 308; [1995] HCA 41 ........ CA.319.140, CA.326.20, CPA.154.100, CPA.154.140 Meller v Low (2000) 48 NSWLR 517; [2000] NSWSC 75 ................................................................................. CA.60.80 Mencarious v The Queen (2008) 189 A Crim R 219; [2008] NSWCCA 237 ..................................................... CLP.2260 Menges v The King (1919) 26 CLR 369 .......................................................................................................... CA.131.240 Merry v Green (1841) 7 Meeson & Welsby 623 .............................................................................................. CA.117.420 Metropolitan Bank v Pooley (1885) 10 App Cas 210 ....................................................................................... CPA.19.160 Metropolitan Commissioner of Police v Caldwell [1982] AC 341 ................................ CA.4A.40, CA.5.180, CA.195.80 Metropolitan Police Commissioner v Wilson [1984] 1 AC 242; [1983] 1 WLR 356; [1983] 1 All ER 993 .......................................................................................................................................................... CA.35A.120 Meyers v The Queen (1997) 71 ALJR 1488; (1997) 147 ALR 440; [1997] HCA 43 ........................ CLP.140, CLP.1320 Micallef v The Queen (1990) 50 A Crim R 465 ................................................................................................ SPA.Pt1.20 Michaels v The Queen (1995) 184 CLR 117; 80 A Crim R 542; [1995] HCA 8 ...................... CA.310D.60, CA.33.160 Middlesex Quarter Sessions; Ex parte DPP [1952] 2 QB 758 ....................................................................... CPA.156.140 Middleweek v Chief Constable of Merseyside [1992] 1 AC 179; [1990] 3 WLR 481; [1990] 3 All ER 662. ...................................................................................................................................................... LEPRA.23.80 Mifsud v The Queen [2009] NSWCCA 313 .................................................................................. CA.94.380, CPA.162.60

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Mighell v Sultan of Johore [1894] 1 QB 149 ......................................................................................................... CLP.180 Migotti v Colvill (1879) 4 CPD 233 ....................................................................................................................... CA.6.20 Milicevic v Campbell (1975) 132 CLR 307; [1975] HCA 20 ................................................................................. CLP.80 Miller v Hilton (1937) 57 CLR 400 .......................................................................................................................... CLP.80 Miller v Hrvojevic [1972] VR 305 .................................................................................................... CA.4.200, CA.97.120 Miller v Page (1982–1986) 6 Petty Sessions Review 2854 .............................................................................. DMTA.3.60 Miller v Ryan [1980] 1 NSWLR 93 ............................................................................................ CPA.19.100, CPA.19.160 Miller v Samuels (1979) 22 SASR 271 ............................................................................................................... CPA.56.40 Miller v Sweeney (2000) 157 FLR 1; [2000] NSWSC 585 .......................................................................... LEPRA.76.40 Miller v The Queen (1980) 55 ALJR 23 ........................................................................................................... CA.345.140 Miller v The Queen [2014] NSWCCA 34 ...................................................................................................... CA.192E.160 Miller v Williams (1990) 53 SASR 82 ...................................................................................................................... CLP.80 Miller, Ex parte; Re Hamilton (1934) 51 WN (NSW) 105 .............................................................................. CA.527C.80 Miller, Ex parte; Re Hamilton (1934) 51 WN (NSW) 23 ................................................................................ CA.527C.60 Mills v Cooper [1967] 2 QB 459 ....................................................................................................................... CPA.19.100 Mills v The Queen (1986) 61 ALJR 59 ....................................................................................... CA.345.140, CA.345.160 Minigall v McCammon [1970] SASR 82 .................................................................................... CA.117.320, CA.117.420 Minniti v The Queen (2006) 159 A Crim R 394; [2006] NSWCCA 30 ............................................................... CLP.580 Mirams v Our Dogs Publishing Co [1901] 2 KB 564 ........................................................................................ CA.528.40 Mitchell v Berry (1922) 22 SR (NSW) 363 .................................................................................................... CPA.156.140 Mitchell v Norman; Ex parte Norman [1965] Qd R 587 .................................................................................. CA.117.200 Mizzi v The Queen (1960) 105 CLR 659; 34 ALJR 307; [1960] HCA 77 ......................................................... CLP.1160 Moevao v Department of Labour [1980] 1 NZLR 464 ........................................... CPA.19.80, CPA.19.140, CPA.19.160 Moffa v The Queen (1977) 138 CLR 601; 51 ALJR 403; [1977] HCA 14 ............... CA.23.100, CA.23.140, CA.23.180 Mohan v The Queen [1967] 2 AC 187; [1967] 2 WLR 676; [1967] 2 All ER 58 ................. CA.19A.160, CA.19A.200, CA.43A.120, CA.345.100 Mollenhauer v Lindenmayer [1964] QWN 22 .................................................................................................. CA.131.120 Molloy v McDonald (1939) 56 WN (NSW) 159 ............................................................................................. CA.52A.180 Moloney v Mercer [1971] 2 NSWLR 207 ......................................................................................................... CA.61N.80 Moloney v Whitwell [1924] VLR 454 .................................................................................................................... CA.8.20 Money v Leach (1765) 1 Wm Bl 555; 96 ER 320 ........................................................................................ LEPRA.48.60 Montgomery v Stewart (1967) 116 CLR 220 .............................................................................................. CA.178BB.200 Montgomery v Stewart (1967) 116 CLR 220; 40 ALJR 534; [1967] HCA 11 ............................................ CA.192G.120 Moore v Allchurch [1924] SASR 111 ................................................................ CA.527C.20, CA.527C.60, CA.527C.120 Moore v Green [1983] 1 All ER 663 ................................................................................................................... CA.58.160 Moore v Wilson (1911) 28 WN (NSW) 119 ........................................................................................................... CA.8.20 Moors v Burke (1919) 26 CLR 265; [1919] HCA 32 ..................................................... CA.7.80, CA.7.100, DMTA.7.40 Morex Meat Australia Pty Ltd v The Queen [1996] 1 Qd R 418; (1995) 78 A Crim R 269 ......................... CA.319.120 Morgan v Attorney-General (Qld) (1987) 24 A Crim R 342 ............................................................................. CA.23A.60 Morgan v Babcock & Wilcox Ltd (1929) 43 CLR 163 ................................................................................... CA.249B.40 Morgan v Colman (1981) 27 SASR 334; 4 A Crim R 324 ........................................ CA.61.120, CA.423.40, CA.423.80 Morgan v Smallman (1874) 5 AJR 165 ................................................................................................................... CA.8.20 Moriarty v Brooks (1834) 6 Car & P 684; 172 ER 1419 ..................................................................................... CA.27.80 Morphitis v Salmon [1990] Crim LR 48 ........................................................................................................... CA.195.100 Morris v Beardmore [1981] AC 446; [1980] 3 WLR 283; [1980] 2 All ER 753 .................... CA.60.120, LEPRA.10.60 Morris v Miller (1767) 4 Bur 2057 ................................................................................................ CA.78A.100, CLP.1220 Morris v Russell (1990) 100 FLR 386 ............................................................................................................ CA.527C.100 Morris v Tolman [1923] 1 KB 166 ...................................................................................................................... CA.351.60 Morse v Ashton (1978) 18 SASR 221 ................................................................................................................. CA.60.120 Morse v Chan [2010] NSWSC 1290 .................................................................................................................... SPA.10.80 Morson v Tussauds Ltd [1894] 1 QB 671 ......................................................................................................... CA.529.260 Mortin v Shoppee (1828) 3 C & P 373; 172 ER 462 ......................................................................................... CA.61.120 Moss v Brown [1979] 1 NSWLR 114 ............................................................................................. CPA.19.40, CPA.36.20 Moss v Hancock [1899] 2 QB 111 ...................................................................................................................... CA.125.60

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Moss v McIntyre [1934] ALR 149 .......................................................................................................................... CA.8.20 Mount Bischoff Tin Mining Co, Registered v Mount Bischoff Extended Tin Mining Co, NL (1913) 15 CLR 549 ................................................................................................................................... LEPRA.10.60 Mousell Bros Ltd v London & North Western Railway Co [1917] 2 KB 836 ................................................... CLP.1360 Mouse’s Case (1608) 12 Co Rep 63; 77 ER 1341 ............................................................................................... CLP.2820 Mowling v Hawthorn Justices (1891) 17 VLR 150 .............................................................................................. SOA.3.40 Moynes v Cooper [1956] 1 QB 439 ............................................................................................ CA.117.320, CA.117.400 Mraz v The Queen (1955) 93 CLR 493; [1955] HCA 59 ...................... CA.4A.20, CA.19A.540, CA.19A.600, CA.5.80 Mraz v The Queen [No 2] (1956) 96 CLR 62 ................................................... CPA.19.160, CPA.156.180, CPA.156.200 Mulcahy v The Queen (1868) LR 3 HL 306 .......................................................................... CLP.660, CLP.720, CLP.740 Muldrock v The Queen (2011) 244 CLR 120; 212 A Crim R 254; [2011] HCA 39 ............... CA.66A.120, SPA.54B.20 Muller v Dalgety & Co Ltd (1909) 9 CLR 693 ................................................................................................ DMTA.7.20 Mumford v The Queen (1989) 95 FLR 358 ............................................................................ CA.178A.60, CA.178A.180 Munday v Gill (1930) 44 CLR 38 .............................................................................................. CA.545C.60, CA.545C.80 Murphy v Director of Public Prosecutions (1985) 7 FCR 55; 16 A Crim R 190 .............................................. CPA.62.40 Murphy v Porter (1984) 12 A Crim R 38 .......................................................................................................... CA.188.180 Murphy v The Queen (1989) 167 CLR 94; 63 ALJR 422; 40 A Crim R 361 ......................... CPA.19.40, LEPRA.76.40 Murray v Gunst [1915] VLR 232 ................................................................................................................... CA.527C.100 Murray v The Queen (2002) 211 CLR 193; 131 A Crim R 215; [2002] HCA 26 ......................... CA.19A.140, CLP.300 Murray, Re (1969) 90 WN (Pt 1) (NSW) 475 .................................................................................................... CA.547.20 Muszkat, Ex parte; Re Casas (1950) 68 WN (NSW) 87 ................................................................ CA.4.260, CA.134.140 Mutemeri v Cheesman [1998] 4 VR 484; (1998) 100 A Crim R 397 ........................................... CA.39.120, CA.43.140 Mutual Life Insurance Co Of New York v Moss (1906) 4 CLR 311; [1906] HCA 70 ................................. CA.19A.420 Myers v Simpson (1965) 6 FLR 440; [1965] ALR 1148 ....................................................................................... CA.8.20 Myers v The Queen [2011] VSCA 271 ................................................................................................................. CLP.2660

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N N, Ex parte [1959] Crim LR 523 ............................................................................................................................ CLP.560 NSW Bar Association v Livesey [1982] 2 NSWLR 231 .................................................................................... CPA.36.20 NSW Bar Association v Muirhead (1988) 14 NSWLR 173 ............................................................................. CPA.19.100 NSW Sugar Milling Co-operative Ltd v Environment Protection Authority (1992) 59 A Crim R 6 ................. CLP.1300 NWL v The Queen [2006] NSWCCA 67 ........................................................................................................... CA.61L.80 Nagy v Weston [1965] 1 WLR 280; [1965] 1 All ER 78 .................................................................................... SOA.6.40 Nakkuda Ali v Jayaratne [1951] AC 66 ........................................................................................................... LEPRA.9.20 Name withheld [2008] NSWCCA 272 .................................................................................................... CA.Pt3.Div10.180 National Coal Board v Gamble [1959] 1 QB 11; (1958) 42 Cr App R 240 .............. CA.345.80, CA.346.80, CA.351.60 National Insurance Co of New Zealand Ltd v Espagne (1961) 105 CLR 569; 35 ALJR 4; [1961] HCA 15 ......................................................................................................................................................... CA.19A.300 Neal v The Queen (1982) 149 CLR 305; 56 ALJR 848; [1982] HCA 55 ......................................................... CA.61.120 Neilsen, Ex parte (1903) 20 WN (NSW) 4 ............................................................................................................... CLP.80 Neilson v South Australian Police (1994) 62 SASR 583 ................................................................................... SOA.15.40 Nelson v The Queen [1902] AC 250 ................................................................................................................. CA.173.120 New, Ex parte (1915) 15 SR (NSW) 483; 32 WN 163 ...................................................................................... CA.502.60 New South Wales v Canellis (1994) 181 CLR 309; 124 ALR 513 .................................................................. CPA.19.180 New South Wales v Koumdjiev (2005) 63 NSWLR 353; 155 A Crim R 186; [2005] NSWCA 247 ........ LEPRA.99.60, LEPRA.99.160 New South Wales Crime Commission v Vu [2009] NSWCA 349 ....................................... LEPRA.11.20, LEPRA.99.80 New Zealand & Australian Land Co Ltd v Salisbury [1920] QSR 63 ............................................................ CA.131.120 Newby v Moodie (1987) 78 ALR 603; (1988) 83 ALR 523 ............................................................................ CPA.19.100 Newman v Paties [1979] Qd R 402 .................................................................................................................... SOA.16.40 Nguyen v The Queen (2007) 173 A Crim R 557; [2002] NSWCCA 377 ................................................... DMTA.25.200 Nguyen v The Queen (2008) 181 A Crim R 72; [2008] NSWCCA 22 ............................................. CLP.2540, CLP.2640 Nicholas v The Queen (1989) 45 A Crim R 299 .............................................................................................. CPA.160.20 Nicholas v The Queen (1998) 193 CLR 173; 72 ALJR 456; 99 A Crim R 57; [1998] HCA 9 ..................... CPA.19.120

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Nicholls v Young [1992] 2 VR 209 ........................................................................................................................... CLP.80 Nicholson v Avon [1991] 1 VR 212 ................................................................................................................. LEPRA.9.40 Nicholson v Morgan [1920] SALR 142 .................................................................................................................. CA.8.20 Niven v The Queen (1968) 118 CLR 513; 42 ALJR 306; [1968] HCA 67 ........................................................ CLP.1820 Nkau Majara v The Queen [1954] AC 235 ....................................................................................................... CA.347.100 Noble v Police (1994) 70 A Crim R 560 ........................................................................................................... CA.117.200 Nolan v Clifford (1904) 1 CLR 429 ...................................................... CA.10.40, CA.33.160, CPA.8.20, LEPRA.99.100 Nolan, Re; Ex parte Young (1991) 172 CLR 460; 54 A Crim R 11 .............................................................. CPA.156.160 Nominal Defendant v Clements (1960) 104 CLR 476 ........................................................................... CA.Pt3.Div10.500 Norris v Crafter [1935] SASR 170 ................................................................................................................... CA.527A.80 Norton v The Queen (2001) 24 WAR 488; 122 A Crim R 104; [2001] WASCA 207 ................................. LEPRA.99.40 Nudd v The Queen (2006) 162 A Crim R 301; [2006] HCA 9 ........................................................................... CLP.2280 Nydam v The Queen [1977] VR 430 .............. CA.19A.500, CA.24.200, CA.24.240, CA.44.100, CA.54.100, CLP.1300 Nye v Niblett [1918] 1 KB 23 ............................................................................................................................. CA.505.40

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O O’Brien v Hutchinson [2012] NSWSC 429 ...................................................................................................... CPA.214.20 O’Brien v O’Brien (1991) 80 NTR 1 ............................................................................................................. LEPRA.21.20 O’Brien v The Queen [1963] WAR 70 ................................................................................................................ CA.83.120 O’Connor v Hammond (1902) 21 NZLR 573 ............................................................................. CA.93X.80, CA.546A.40 O’Connor v Killian (1984) 15 A Crim R 353 .................................................................................................. CA.344A.60 O’Donnell v Dawe [1905] VLR 538 ................................................................................................................... CPA.34.20 O’Donnell v Gardener (1902) 27 VLR 718 ..................................................................................................... CPA.154.100 O’Donnell v O’Brien (1899) 24 VLR 673 ............................................................................................................ SOA.3.40 O’Donoghue v Kordick; Ex parte O’Donoghue [1995] 1 Qd R 278 ............................................................ LEPRA.76.20 O’Garey v King [1972] Tas SR 136 ............................................................................................................... CA.527C.100 O’Halloran v O’Byrne [1974] WAR 45 ............................................................................................................. CPA.19.160 O’Hara v Chief Constable of the Royal Ulster Constabulary [1997] AC 286; [1997] 2 WLR 1; [1997] 1 All ER 129 ................................................................................ LEPRA.11.20, LEPRA.99.60, LEPRA.99.80 O’Mealy v Newell 103 ER 382; (1807) 8 East 364 ......................................................................................... CA.319.140 O’Sullivan v Arriola [1951] SASR 108 ................................................................................................................... CA.8.20 O’Sullivan v Bastian (No 2) [1948] SASR 17 .................................................................................................... CA.351.60 O’Sullivan v Brady [1954] SASR 140 .................................................................................................................... CA.8.20 O’Sullivan v Fisher [1954] SASR 33 .................................................................................................................... CLP.1220 O’Sullivan v Harford [1956] SASR 109 ................................................................................................................... CLP.80 O’Sullivan v Lunnon (1985) 21 A Crim R 347 .................................................................................................... CA.60.80 O’Sullivan v Lunnon (1986) 163 CLR 545 ........................................................................................................... CA.60.80 O’Sullivan v Thurmer [1955] SASR 76 .............................................................................................................. CA.351.60 O’Sullivan v Tregaskis [1948] SASR 12 .......................................................................................... CA.527C.100, CLP.80 O’Sullivan v Truth & Sportsman Ltd (1957) 96 CLR 220; [1957] HCA 8 ............................................................ CLP.80 O’Toole v Arnold (1982) 61 FLR 372 .................................................................................................................... CLP.560 Oakey v Jackson [1914] 1 KB 216 ................................................................................................................... CA.43A.120 Oates v Attorney-General (Cth) (1998) 84 FCR 348; 102 A Crim R 353 ......................................................... CPA.66.40 Oblach v The Queen (2005) 65 NSWLR 75; 158 A Crim R 586; [2005] NSWCCA 440 ................................. CLP.2860 Ockley and Whitlesbye’s Case (1622) Palm 294 .............................................................................................. CA.327.180 Ohlson v Hylton [1975] 1 WLR 724; [1975] 2 All ER 490 ............................................................. CA.4.200, CA.97.120 Olholm v Clink [1923] VLR 556 .................................................................................................................... CA.527C.120 Olsen v Grain Sorghum Marketing Board [1962] Qd R 580 ............................................................................... CLP.1480 Onuorah v The Queen (2009) 76 NSWLR 1; 197 A Crim R 430; [2009] NSWCCA 238 .............. CA.27.100, CLP.760 Oppenheimer v Attenborough [1908] 1 KB 221 ............................................................................................... CA.117.360 Oppenheimer v Frazer & Wyatt [1907] 2 KB 50 .............................................................................................. CA.117.360 Orbit Mining and Trading Co v Westminster Bank [1963] 1 QB 794 ................................................................. CA.4.260 Orchard v Spooner (1992) 28 NSWLR 114 ............................................................................................................. 2.40410 Osborn v Barton (1950) 66 TLR 115 .............................................................................................................. CA.178C.140

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Osborn v Boulter [1930] 2 KB 226 ................................................................................................................... CA.529.240 Osborn v Veitch (1858) 1 F & F 317 ............................................................................................................... LEPRA.9.40 Osland v The Queen (1998) 197 CLR 316; (1998) 73 ALJR 173; [1998] HCA 75 ................... CA.19A.200, CA.23.60, CA.45.120, CA.345.60, CA.423.60, CLP.440 Ostrowski v Palmer (2004) 218 CLR 493; (2004) 78 ALJR 957; [2004] HCA 30 ............ CLP.40, CLP.1280, CLP.1380 Ousley v The Queen (1997) 192 CLR 69; 97 A Crim R 195 ........................... CLP.1460, LEPRA.10.40, LEPRA.48.40, LEPRA.48.60, LEPRA.48.120, LEPRA.76.20, LEPRA.76.40 Owens v Minoprio [1942] 1 KB 193; 1 All ER 30 ........................................................................................ CPA.156.140 Owens (1987) 30 A Crim R 59 ......................................................................................................................... CA.52A.200 O’Brien v MR Norton-Smith Pty Ltd (1995) 83 A Crim R 41; 1 ATR 128 ...................................................... SPA.10.80 O’Shane v Burwood Local Council [2007] NSWSC 1300 .............................................................................. DPVA.19.20 O’Sullivan v Wilkinson [1952] SASR 213 .......................................................................................................... SPA.10.80

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P P Foster (Haulage) Ltd v Roberts [1978] 2 All ER 751 ................................................................................. CPA.154.140 PJE v The Queen (1996) 15 Leg Rep C2 .................................................................................. CPA.293.40, CPA.293.120 Packett v The King (1937) 58 CLR 190; [1937] HCA 53 .......................................................... CA.19A.20, CA.19A.600 Paget Publications Ltd v Watson [1952] 1 All ER 1256 .................................................................................. CA.529.160 Pallante v Stadiums Pty Ltd (No 1) [1976] VR 331 ....................................................................... CA.61.220, CA.61.240 Pankhurst v Jarvis (1910) 101 LT 946 ................................................................................................................. CA.58.160 Panos v Hayes (1987) 44 SASR 148 ........................................................................................ CA.58.200, LEPRA.99.180 Papadimitropoulos v The Queen (1957) 98 CLR 249; [1957] HCA 74 ................. CA.61I.60, CA.61.160, CA.61HA.40, CA.61HA.80 Papakosmas v The Queen (1999) 196 CLR 297 .................... CA.Pt3.Div10.320, CA.Pt3.Div10.360, CA.Pt3.Div10.520 Park v The Queen (2010) 202 A Crim R 133; [2010] NSWCCA 151 .... CA.27.100, CA.28.100, CA.29.100, CA.30.20, CA.30.80, CA.30.100 Parker v Alder [1899] 1 QB 20 ............................................................................................................................. CLP.1360 Parker v Churchill (1985) 9 FCR 316 ............................... LEPRA.48.40, LEPRA.48.80, LEPRA.48.120, LEPRA.76.20 Parker v Churchill (1986) 9 FCR 334 ................................................................................. LEPRA.48.120, LEPRA.76.20 Parker v The King (1915) 17 WALR 96 .......................................................................................... CA.428I.60, CLP.1180 Parker v The Queen (1963) 111 CLR 610; 37 ALJR 3; [1963] HCA 14 ............... CA.19A.60, CA.19A.520, CA.5.120, CA.23.20, CA.23.60, CA.23.100, CA.23.120, CA.23.180, CA.23.200, CLP.1200, CLP.1500 Parker v The Queen (1964) 111 CLR 665; 38 ALJR 71 ........................... CA.19A.600, CA.23.60, CA.23.80, CLP.2280 Parker v The Queen (1964) 111 CLR 665; 38 ALJR 71 ...................................................................................... CA.23.60 Parker v Todhunter (1987) 26 A Crim R 169 ................................................................................................. CA.527C.100 Parkes v Prescott (1869) LR 4 Exch 169 ............................................................................................................ CA.346.80 Parkin v Norman [1983] QB 92; [1982] 3 WLR 523; [1982] 2 All ER 583 ...................... LEPRA.9.40, LEPRA.99.180 Parkin and The Queen, Re (1986) 28 CCC (3d) 252 ........................................................................................ CPA.19.160 Parlement Belge, The (1880) 5 PD 197 .................................................................................................................. CLP.180 Parramatta City Council v Stauffer Chemical Co (Aust) Pty Ltd [1971] 2 NSWLR 500; [1973] 1 NSWLR 229 .................................................................................................................................................. CPA.19.160 Patmoy, Ex parte; Re Jack (1944) 44 SR (NSW) 351; 61 WN (NSW) 228 ....................... CA.527C.100, CA.527C.120, CA.527C.140, CA.117.20, LEPRA.21.20 Patten v Justice of the Peace, Redfern Court (1986) 22 A Crim R 94 ......................................................... LEPRA.48.80 Peacock v Bell (1667) 1 Wms Saund 69; 85 ER 81 ................................................................................... LEPRA.48.120 Peacock v The King (1911) 13 CLR 619; [1911] HCA 66 .................... CA.19A.100, CA.51A.120, CLP.580, CLP.2260 Pearce v The Queen (1998) 194 CLR 610; 72 ALJR 1416; 103 A Crim R 372; 156 ALR 684 ................. CA.52AA.40, CA.112.160, CPA.19.160, CPA.156.20, CPA.156.40, CPA.156.60, CPA.156.80, CPA.156.100, CPA.156.180, CPA.156.200, CPA.156.220, CPA.156.240, SPA.10.40 Pearmine v The Queen [1988] WAR 315; (1987) 37 A Crim R 424 ............................................................. CA.61HA.40 Pearson v Rose and Young Ltd [1951] 1 KB 275 ............................................................................................. CA.117.360 Pedro v Diss [1981] 2 All ER 59; (1981) 72 Cr App R 193 ............................................................................. CA.58.140 Pelham v The Queen (1995) 82 A Crim R 455 ................................................................................................ DMTA.3.80 Pelvey v Brebner [1963] SASR 36 ...................................................................................................................... CA.97.120

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TABLE OF CASES

Pemble v The Queen (1971) 124 CLR 107 ................... CA.4A.40, CA.19A.500, CA.19A.520, CA.19A.600, CA.24.80, CA.24.120, CA.24.160, CA.61.100, CA.61.120, CA.117.200, CA.423.140, CLP.1400, CPA.133.20, CPA.150.240, CPA.162.60 Pemble v The Queen (1971) 124 CLR 107; 45 ALJR 333; [1971] HCA 20 .................. CA.23.60, CLP.1880, CLP.2280 Penney v The Queen (1998) 155 ALR 605 ....................................................................................................... CPA.19.180 Penney v The Queen (1998) 72 ALJR 1316 ........................................................................................................... CLP.580 People v Kirwan [1943] IR 279 ........................................................................................................................ CA.19A.420 People v Lovercamp (1974) 43 Cal.App.3d 823 .................................................................................................. CLP.2840 Percy v Director of Public Prosecutions [1995] 1 WLR 1383 ........................................................................ LEPRA.9.40 Pereira v Director of Public Prosecutions (1988) 63 ALJR 1; 35 A Crim R 382 .............. CA.7.120, CA.55.80, CLP.80, CLP.1300, DMTA.7.40 Perna v Police (SA) (2007) 174 A Crim R 68 ................................................................................................. CA.527C.80 Perry v Lean (1985) 39 SASR 515; 19 A Crim R 457 ..................................................................................... CPA.19.160 Peters v Attorney-General (NSW) (1988) 16 NSWLR 24; 37 A Crim R 102 ............................................. LEPRA.76.20 Peters v The Queen (1998) 192 CLR 493; 72 ALJR 517; [1998] HCA 7 .................................................... CA.192E.140 Peters v The Queen (1998) 192 CLR 493; 72 ALJR 517; 96 A Crim R 250 .................... CA.176A.80, CA.178BA.140, CA.197.100, CLP.80, CLP.660, CLP.720, CLP.760, CLP.800, CLP.1400 Petty v The Queen (1991) 173 CLR 95; (1991) 55 A Crim R 322; [1991] HCA 34 ................. CA.316.80, CPA.150.20, CPA.150.140 Petty v The Queen (1991) 173 CLR 95; 55 A Crim R 322; [1991] HCA 34 ..................................................... CLP.1800 Pfennig v The Queen (1995) 182 CLR 461; 77 A Crim R 149; [1995] HCA 7 ................................................... CLP.580 Pfennig v The Queen (1995) 182 CLR 461; 77 A Crim R 149; 69 ALJR 147; 127 ALR 99; [1995] HCA 7 ................................................................................................................................................ CPA.21.220 Pham v The Queen (2009) 193 A Crim R 190; [2009] NSWCCA 25 ......................................................... DMTA.25.220 Pharmaceutical Society v Delve [1984] 1 QB 71 ................................................................................................. CA.39.80 Philipps v Philipps (1878) 4 QBD 127 ............................................................................................................... SOA.13.20 Phonographic Performance Ltd v Pontin’s Ltd [1968] Ch 290 ........................................................................... SOA.3.40 Pickup v Dental Board of the United Kingdom [1928] 2 KB 459 ...................................................................... CA.10.40 Piddington v Bates [1961] 1 WLR 162; [1960] 3 All ER 660 ................................................. CA.546C.60, LEPRA.9.40 Piper v Corrective Services Commission (NSW) (1986) 6 NSWLR 352; 25 A Crim R 407 ..................... LEPRA.99.60 Piro v Boorman [1958] SASR 226 ............................................................................................................................ CLP.80 Pittman v Di Francesco (1985) 4 NSWLR 133 ............................................................................................... CA.547D.20 Plenty v Dillon (1991) 171 CLR 635 ........................................................... LEPRA.10.40, LEPRA.10.60, LEPRA.48.40 Plomp v The Queen (1963) 110 CLR 234; 37 ALJR 191; [1963] HCA 44 .... CA.19A.100, CA.19A.420, CA.19A.520, CA.51A.120, CLP.120, CLP.580 Plumb v Rayner (1995) 84 A Crim R 402 ........................................................................................................ CA.545B.40 Poiner v Hans (1987) 22 A Crim R 370 ............................................................................................................. SOA.19.20 Pointer v United States (1894) 151 US 396 .......................................................................................................... CLP.1400 Police v Cunard [1975] 1 NZLR 511 ................................................................................................................ CA.117.200 Police v Drummond [1973] 2 NZLR 263 ............................................................................................................. SOA.5.60 Police v Jackson [1980] 1 NZLR 78 ..................................................................................................................... CA.60.80 Police v KennedyR v Kennedy (1998) 71 SASR 175; sub nom(1998) 100 A Crim R 377 ............................... CA.7.120 Police v Nicholson 19 MCR 44 ............................................................................................................................... CA.8.20 Police v Pace (2008) 186 A Crim R 113; [2008] SASC 182 ............................................................................... CLP.1380 Police v Richards 8 MCR (NZ) 99 .......................................................................................................................... CA.8.20 Police v Smith [1974] NZLR 32 .......................................................................................................................... CA.97.120 Police, Commissioner of v Allen (1984) 14 A Crim R 244 ............................................................................... SOA.25.20 Police, Commissioner of v Atkinson (1991) 23 NSWLR 495; 54 A Crim R 378 ..................................... LEPRA.48.120 Police, Commissioner of v Tanos (1958) 98 CLR 383 ............................................................................................ CLP.80 Police (NSW), Commissioner of v Gabriel (2004) 141 A Crim R 566 ............................................................. SOA.25.20 Police (SA) v Beukes (2011) 205 A Crim R 406; [2011] SASC 9 ...................................................................... CLP.1360 Pollard v Director of Public Prosecutions (Cth) (1992) 28 NSWLR 659; 63 A Crim R 383 ..................... CA.192E.120, CA.178BA.120, CA.178BB.220 Pollard v The Queen [2010] VSCA 156 ........................................................................................................ CA.52AB.160

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Polley, Ex parte; Re McLennan (1947) 47 SR (NSW) 391; 64 WN (NSW) 125 .... CA.46.20, CA.195.20, CA.196.140, CA.197.140, DPVA.13.20 Pollock v The Queen (2010) 242 CLR 233; 203 A Crim R 321; [2010] HCA 35 ....... CA.23.20, CA.23.60, CA.23.120, CA.23.140 Pong Su (No 21), Re (2005) 202 FLR 1; [2005] VSC 96 ................................................................................. CA.45.120 Poole v The Queen [1961] AC 223; [1960] 3 WLR 770; [1960] 3 All ER 398 ............................................. CPA.113.40 Pope v Minton [1954] Crim LR 711 ................................................................................................................... CA.351.60 Port Macquarie – Hastings Council v Lawlor Services Pty Ltd (No 7) (2008) 159 LGERA 87; [2008] NSWLEC 75 ................................................................................................................ CPA.214.20, CPA.214.40 Port of Melbourne Authority v Anshun (1981) 147 CLR 589 .......................................................................... CPA.19.160 Porter v Bryan [1963] Tas SR 41 ........................................................................................................................ CA.93X.80 Posner v Collector for Interstate Destitute Persons (Vic) (1946) 74 CLR 461 ............................................ LEPRA.76.40 Potier v Huber (2004) 148 A Crim R 399 ........................................................................................................... CPA.49.20 Potter v Liddy (1984) 14 A Crim R 204 ......................................................................................................... CPA.156.140 Potts v Knox (1907) 24 WN (NSW) 91 .................................................................................................................... CLP.80 Poulterer’s Case 77 ER 813; (1611) 9 Co Rep 55 ................................................................................................. CLP.740 Powch v The Queen (1987) 163 CLR 496 ....................................................................................................... CA.310D.60 Powell v Kempton Park Racecourse Co Ltd [1899] AC 143 ............................................................................... SOA.3.40 Preece v Boyd [2003] NSWSC 172 ............................................................................................................... LEPRA.99.40 Pregelj v Manison (1987) 88 FLR 346; 31 A Crim R 383 .................................................................................. SOA.4.20 Price v Cromack [1975] 1 WLR 988; [1975] 2 All ER 113 .................................................................................... CLP.80 Price v Elder (2000) 97 FCR 218; 111 A Crim R 11 .................................................................................... LEPRA.47.20 Price, Re (1885) 6 LR (NSW) 140 ...................................................................................................................... CA.440.20 Principal Registrar of Supreme Court of NSW v Tran (2006) 166 A Crim R 393; [2006] NSWSC 118 ..................................................................................................................................................................... CLP.2680 Pringle v Everingham [2006] NSWCA 195 ...................................................................... LEPRA.99.140, LEPRA.99.160 Prior v Sherwood (1906) 3 CLR 1054 .................................................................................................................. SOA.3.40 Pritchard, Ex parte (1914) 31 WN (NSW) 104 ................................................................................................... CA.502.60 Proprietary Articles Trade Association v Attorney-General for Canada [1931] AC 310 ............. CLP.40, LEPRA.99.100 Prosser v Fox (1898) 24 VLR 151 ................................................................................................................... CA.527A.80 Proudman v Dayman (1941) 67 CLR 536 .......................................................... CLP.80, CLP.1280, CLP.1360, CLP.1380 Pugh v Griffith (1838) 7 Ad & El 827; 112 ER 681 .......................................................................................... CA.112.80 Pullman v Hill & Co [1891] 1 QB 524 ............................................................................................................. CA.529.240 Purdon v Dittmar [1972] 1 NSWLR 94 .......................................................................................................... CA.527C.100 Purves v Inglis (1915) 34 NZLR 1051 ............................................................................................................. CA.61L.100

Q Qualtieri v The Queen (2006) 171 A Crim R 463; [2006] NSWCCA 85 ............................................. CA.Pt3.Div10.180 Queensland Bacon Pty Ltd v Rees (1966) 115 CLR 266; 40 ALJR 13; [1966] HCA 21 ... LEPRA.11.20, LEPRA.99.80 Question of Law Reserved (No 2 of 1997) (1998) 98 A Crim R 544 ............................................................... CPA.34.20 Question of Law Reserved on Acquittal (No 3 of 1995) (1996) 66 SASR 450; 88 A Crim R 1 ................... CPA.113.40 Question of Law Reserved on Acquittal Pursuant to Section 350(1a) Criminal Law Consolidation Act (No 1 of 1993) (1993) 59 SASR 214 ................................................................................................. CA.61HA.40 Questions of Law Reserved (No 3 of 1998) (1998) 71 SASR 223; 101 A Crim R 395 ..... DMTA.37.20, LEPRA.30.20 Quinlan v The Queen (2006) 164 A Crim R 106; [2006] NSWCCA 284 ............................................................. CLP.580 Quinn v Leathem [1901] AC 495 ...................................................................................................................... CA.545B.40

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v A (1998) 99 A Crim R 491 ......................................................................................................................... CPA.113.40 v A/ asian Films Ltd (1921) 29 CLR 195; [1921] HCA 11 ............................................................................. CLP.1360 v AB [1941] 1 KB 454 ........................................................................................................................................ CLP.180 v AC Hatrick Chemicals Pty Ltd (2005) 152 A Crim R 384 ........................................................................... CA.24.40 v AJP (2004) 150 A Crim R 575; [2004] NSWCCA 434 ...................................................... CA.66A.120, SPA.54B.20

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v AJS (2005) 12 VR 563; 159 A Crim R 327; [2005] VSCA 288 ............................................... CA.61I.100, CLP.160 v ARS (unreported, CCA (NSW), 25 September 1997) ................................................................................ CPA.293.40 v AW [2009] NSWCCA 1 ................................................................................... CA.Pt3.Div10.640, CA.Pt3.Div10.660 v AWL [2003] SASC 416 .............................................................................................................................. CA.61L.100 v Abberton [1931] VLR 237 .......................................................................................................................... CA.158.140 v Abbott (1847) 1 Denison 273 ..................................................................................................................... CA.179.200 v Abbott [1955] 2 QB 497; [1955] 3 WLR 369; (1955) 39 Cr App R 141 ............................................... CA.19A.220 v Abbott (1995) 81 A Crim R 55 ................................................................................................... CA.4.160, CA.61.240 v Abbotto (1992) 34 FCR 366; 59 A Crim R 208 ........................................................................................ CPA.64.100 v Abbrederis [1981] 1 NSWLR 530; (1981) 3 A Crim R 366 ............................................................................. CLP.80 v Abdallah (2001) 127 A Crim R 46; [2001] NSWCCA 506 ....................................................................... CPA.159.20 v Abdallah (2005) 157 A Crim R 219; [2005] NSWCCA 365 ......................................................................... CA.29.80 v Abdul-Hussain [1999] Crim LR 570 ....................................................... CLP.2500, CLP.2580, CLP.2800, CLP.2880 v Abdul-Rasool (2008) 18 VR 586; 180 A Crim R 556; [2008] VSCA 13 ................................................... CA.44.120 v Abdulraham (2007) 171 A Crim R 419 ........................................................................................................ CA.350.20 v Abela [2007] VSCA 22; 170 A Crim R 244 .................................................................................... CA.Pt3.Div10.480 v Abraham (1998) 70 SASR 575 .................................................................................................................... CA.61I.100 v Abrahams (1895) 21 VLR 343 ...................................................................................................................... CPA.34.20 v Absolon 175 ER 825; (1859) 1 F & F 498 ...................................................................................................... CLP.760 v Abusafiah (1991) 24 NSWLR 531; 56 A Crim R 424 .................... CA.52A.20, CA.423.140, CLP.2500, CLP.2520, CLP.2540, CLP.2560, CLP.2580, CLP.2600, CLP.2660, CLP.2880, CPA.36.20 v Acott [1996] 4 All ER 443; [1996] 2 Cr App R 290 ..................................................................................... CA.23.60 v Adam (1999) 106 A Crim R 510; [1999] NSWCCA 189 ..................................... CA.33.120, CLP.580, CPA.21.220 v Adams [1932] VLR 222 .......................................................................................................... CA.33.180, CA.345.100 v Adams [1957] Crim LR 365 ...................................................................................................................... CA.19A.380 v Addison (1993) 70 A Crim R 213 .............................................................................................................. DMTA.3.80 v Adler (unreported, CCA (NSW), 11 June 1992) ........................................................................................ CPA.19.180 v Adler (unreported, CCA (NSW), 29 September 1994) .............................................................................. CPA.19.180 v Adomako [1995] 1 AC 171; [1994] 3 WLR 288; [1994] 3 All ER 79 .............. CA.24.180, CA.24.200, CA.24.220, CA.24.240, CA.44.100 v Ady (1835) 7 Car & P 140 ......................................................................................................................... CA.179.280 v Affleck (1992) 65 A Crim R 96 .......................................................................................... CA.52A.120, CA.52AB.80 v Agic (unreported, CCA (NSW), 18 May 1992) ....................................................................................... DMTA.25.80 v Agius (2000) 77 SASR 469; 115 A Crim R 387; [2000] SASC 259 .......................................................... CA.94.140 v Ah Tye (1885) 1 WN (NSW) 113 ................................................................................................................ CA.423.80 v Ahearne (1852) 6 Cox CC 6 ............................................................................................................................. CLP.740 v Ahluwalia (1992) 4 All ER 889; (1993) 96 Cr App R 133 ................................... CA.23.60, CA.23.120, CA.23.180 v Ahmed Din [1962] 1 WLR 680; [1962] 2 All ER 123; 46 Cr App R 269 ................................................ CA.23A.60 v Ahrenfeldt (1869) 8 SCR (NSW) 242 .......................................................................................................... CA.172.80 v Aickles (1784) 1 Leach 294 ........................................................................................................................ CA.117.360 v Aiken (2005) 63 NSWLR 719; (2005) 157 A Crim R 515; [2005] NSWCCA 328 ....... CA.61HA.40, CA.61HA.80 v Ainsworth (1994) 76 A Crim R 127 ......................................... CA.19A.80, CA.19A.140, CA.19A.500, CA.428I.60 v Airey (1801) 2 East’s Pleas of the Crown ................................................................................................. CA.179.200 v Aiton (1993) 68 A Crim R 578 .................................................................................................................. CA.19A.500 v Al Khair (unreported, CCA (NSW), 20 June 1994) ............................................................................... DMTA.25.200 v Albu & Gheorghita (1995) 84 A Crim R 11 .............................................................................................. CPA.19.160 v Aldridge (1990) 20 NSWLR 737; 51 A Crim R 281 ................................................................................ CA.52A.180 v Aldridge (1993) 67 A Crim R 371 ................................................. CA.35A.120, CA.34.20, CPA.21.20, CPA.162.40 v Alexander [1981] VR 277 ........................................................................................................................... CA.188.160 v Alexander (2007) 174 A Crim R 297; [2007] VSCA 178 ................................................... CA.199.100, CA.199.140 v Alexandra (1937) 26 Cr App R 116 ........................................................................................................... CA.179.200 v Alexandroaia (1995) 81 A Crim R 286 ........................................................................................................ CPA.19.40 v Ali (1995) 16 Cr App R (S) 692; [1995] Crim LR 303 .............................................................. CLP.2540, CLP.2620 v Ali [2000] NSWCCA 177 ................................................................................................................. CA.Pt3.Div10.540

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v Alison (1838) 8 Carr & P 418 ...................................................................................................................... CA.345.80 v Allamby [1974] 1 WLR 1494; [1974] 3 All ER 126; 59 Cr App R 189 ...................................................... CA.4.200 v Allan [1965] 1 QB 130; (1963) 47 Cr App R 243 ...................................................................................... CA.345.80 v Allan [1995] 2 VR 468 ............................................................................................................................... CA.319.140 v Allard [1988] 2 Qd R 269 ..................................................................................................................... CA.178BA.140 v Allard [1988] 2 Qd R 269; 29 A Crim R 418 ......................................................................................... CA.192E.140 v Allday (1837) 8 Car & P 136 ....................................................................................................................... CA.250.60 v Allen (1862) 1 B & S 850; 121 ER 929 ................................................................................. CPA.66.40, CPA.113.40 v Allen [1988] Crim LR 698 .......................................................................................................................... CA.428I.40 v Allen (1993) 66 A Crim R 376 ..................................................................................................................... CPA.34.20 v Alley; Ex parte Mundell (1886) 12 VLR 13 .................................................................................................... CLP.740 v Allingham (1989) 42 A Crim R 175 ........................................................................................................... CPA.293.40 v Allsop (1899) 24 VLR 812 ......................................................................................................................... CA.327.200 v Allwood (1975) 18 A Crim R 120 ..................................................................... CA.19A.500, CA.23.100, CA.23.200 v Altass (1844) 1 Cox CC 17 ......................................................................................................................... CA.327.160 v Amanatidis (2001) 125 A Crim R 89 ............................................................................................................. CA.7.100 v Amier 172 ER 1269; (1834) 6 Car & P 344 .............................................................................................. CA.117.140 v Amyouni (unreported, CCA (NSW), 18 February 1988) ......................................................................... CPA.150.120 v Anastasiou (1991) 21 NSWLR 394; 52 A Crim R 7 ................................................................................... CPA.36.20 v Anderson (1878) 1 SCR (NS) (NSW) 153 ..................................................................................................... CA.4.260 v Anderson [1951] 70 NZLR 439 .................................................................................................................... CA.83.100 v Anderson (1973) 5 SASR 256 ...................................................................................................................... CA.83.120 v Anderson (1981) 36 ACTR 30; 50 FLR 401 ........................................................ CA.345.40, CA.345.60, CA.346.80 v Anderson [1986] AC 27; [1985] 2 All ER 962; (1985) 81 Cr App R 253 .................................... CLP.720, CLP.740 v Anderson (2001) A Crim R 116; [2001] NSWCCA 488 ................................................................................. CLP.360 v Anderson (Hilton Bombing Case) (1991) 53 A Crim R 421 ................ CLP.1060, CLP.1140, CLP.1540, CPA.36.20 v Anderson; R v Morris [1966] 2 QB 110 .................................................................................................... CA.345.100 v Andrew [2002] NSWSC 489 ....................................................................................................................... SPA.10.100 v Andrews [1962] 1 WLR 1474; 3 All ER 961; (1962) 47 Cr App R 32 ................................................... CA.347.100 v Andrews [1973] QB 422; 1 WLR 1032; [1973] 1 All ER 857 ............................................. CA.319.80, CA.319.140 v Andrews (1992) 60 A Crim R 137 ................................................................................................ CA.23.60, CA.82.80 v Andrews Weatherfoil Ltd [1972] 1 WLR 118; [1972] 1 All ER 65; (1972) 56 Cr App R 31 ...................... CLP.780 v Angus (1895) 16 ALT 205 .......................................................................................................................... CA.188.180 v Anh Tuan Le (2002) 130 A Crim R 256 .................................................................................................... CPA.285.20 v Anic (1993) 68 A Crim R 313 .................................................................................................................... CA.117.260 v Annakin (1988) 17 NSWLR 202 (note); 37 A Crim R 131 ....... CA.19A.200, CA.19A.500, CA.93C.80, CA.5.140, CA.345.100, CPA.21.80, CPA.21.140, CPA.21.280, CPA.21.320, CPA.21.400, CPA.34.20 v Ansell [1975] QB 215 ................................................................................................................................... SOA.15.40 v Anthony [1965] 2 QB 189; [1965] 2 WLR 748; (1965) 49 Cr App R 104 ............... CA.346.80, CLP.680, CLP.740 v Antill (1863) 2 SCR (NSW) 50 .................................................................................................................. CPA.160.20 v Apfel (1872) 3 VR (L) 172 ......................................................................................................................... CA.179.240 v Apostilides (1984) 154 CLR 563; 15 A Crim R 88; [1984] HCA 38 ....................................... CLP.1800, CPA.36.20 v Appleby (1940) 28 Cr App R 1 .................................................................................................................. CA.345.100 v Appleby (1996) 88 A Crim R 456 .............................................................................................................. CPA.21.280 v Archbold (1890) 6 WN (NSW) 104 ........................................................................................................... CPA.21.180 v Ardley [1871] LR 1 CCR 301 .................................................................................................................... CA.179.200 v Armstrong (1866) 5 SCR (NSW) 36 ............................................................................................................ CA.311.20 v Armstrong [1972] 1 NSWLR 559 ............................................................................................................... CA.173.120 v Armstrong (1990) 48 A Crim R 382 ........................................................................................................... CA.188.180 v Armstrong (1990) 54 SASR 207; 48 A Crim R 358 .................................................................................. CPA.21.340 v Armstrong [1998] 4 VR 533 ......................................................................................................................... CPA.36.20 v Arnold (1883) 4 LR (NSW) 347 ............................... CA.117.280, CA.125.60, CA.179.80, CA.179.280, CA.180.20 v Arnold; Ex Parte Attorney-General (Qld) (2002) 134 A Crim R 151; [2002] QCA 357 ............................. CA.38.40 v Asamakan [1964] PNGLR 193 .................................................................................................................... CA.22A.40

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v Ashman (1858) 1 F & F 88 ............................................................................................................................ CA.4.160 v Ashman [1957] VR 364 ...................................................................................................... CA.19A.500, CPA.156.140 v Ashwell (1885) 16 QBD 190 ................................................................................................ CA.117.260, CA.117.400 v Ashworth (1911) 6 Cr App R 112 .............................................................................................................. CA.188.160 v Asim (1997) 92 A Crim R 97 ............................................................................................ DMTA.25.80, DMTA.40.20 v Aspinall (1876) 2 QBD 48 .................................................................................... CA.179.160, CA.179.260, CLP.740 v Asquith (1994) 72 A Crim R 250 ................................................................................................................. CA.93B.60 v Assim [1966] 2 QB 249; [1966] 3 WLR 55; (1966) 50 Cr App R 224 ........ CA.93B.100, CPA.21.80, CPA.21.180, CPA.21.200, CPA.21.320 v Assistant Recorder of Kingston-Upon-Hull; Ex parte Morgan [1969] 2 QB 58; [1969] 1 All ER 416; 53 Cr App R ........................................................................................................................................ CLP.960 v Astill (No 2) (1992) 64 A Crim R 289 ......................................................................................................... SPA.44.20 v Astley (1792) 2 East PC 729 ........................................................................................................................ CA.94.140 v Aston (1987) 44 SASR 436; (1987) 26 A Crim R 128 ................................................................................... CLP.740 v Aston [1998] Crim LR 498 ........................................................................................................................... CA.45.120 v Ately (1985) 9 NSWLR 226 ....................................................................................................................... CA.117.440 v Atkins (1900) 64 JP 361 ................................................................................................................................ CA.173.80 v Atkinson (1837) 7 Car & P 669 .................................................................................................................... CA.250.40 v Atkinson (1869) 11 Cox CC 330 ......................................................................................... CA.93B.140, CA.545C.60 v Atonio (2005) 154 A Crim R 183; [2005] NSWCCA 200 .......................................................................... CA.95.120 v Attard [2004] NSWCCA 376 ......................................................................................................................... SPA.22.20 v Attard (unreported, CCA (NSW), 20 April 1993) .......................... CA.61J.140, CA.61L.100, CA.95.80, CA.98.160 v Aubrey-Fletcher; Ex parte Thompson [1969] 1 WLR 872 ....................................................................... LEPRA.9.40 v Austin (1995) 84 A Crim R 374 ................................................................................................................. CPA.19.160 v Autey (1857) Dears & Bell 294 .................................................................................................................... CA.250.40 v Ay (unreported, NSW CCA, 30 October 1998) ............................................................................................. CA.26.40 v Aylen (1987) 49 SASR 254 ................................................................ CA.161.20, CA.173.160, CA.179.300, CLP.80 v Ayles (1993) 66 A Crim R 302 ........................................................................................... CA.344A.60, CA.344A.80 v Ayoub [1984] 2 NSWLR 511; (1984) 10 A Crim R 312 .............................................................................. CLP.1140 v Azzopardi (unreported, NSW CCA, 1 October 1998) ................................................................................... CA.26.40 v B (1953) 53 SR (NSW) 497; 70 WN 294 ................................................................................................. CA.179.220 v B [1979] 3 All ER 460 ..................................................................................................................................... CLP.560 v B (1993) 66 A Crim R 192 ........................................................................................................................ CA.78A.100 v B [1998] 4 VR 621; 102 A Crim R 74 ....................................................................................................... CPA.21.260 v B (unreported CCA (NSW), 21 August 1990) .......................................................................................... CA.52A.140 v BD (1997) 94 A Crim R 131 ........................................... CA.Pt3.Div10.320, CA.Pt3.Div10.520, CA.Pt3.Div10.540 v BD (2001) 122 A Crim R 28; [2005] NSWCCA 25 ................................................................................ DMTA.24.80 v BK (2000) 110 A Crim R 298; [2000] NSWCCA 4 .............................................................. CPA.19.180, CPA.36.20 v BWT (2002) 54 NSWLR 241; 129 A Crim R 153 ........ CA.Pt3.Div10.180, CA.Pt3.Div10.600, CA.Pt3.Div10.620, CA.Pt3.Div10.660 v Baartman (unreported, CCA (NSW), 6 October 1994) .............................................................................. CPA.21.100 v Baba [1977] 2 NSWLR 502 ....................................................................................................................... CA.319.140 v Bacash [1981] VR 923 ............................................................................................................. CA.19A.520, CA.34.20 v Bacon [1973] 1 NSWLR 87 .......................................................................................................................... CPA.17.20 v Bacon [1977] 2 NSWLR 507 ............................................................................................................................. CLP.80 v Bacon (2000) 120 A Crim R 28; [2000] NSWCCA 549 ...................................................................... DMTA.25A.20 v Bailey [1800] Russell & Ryan 1 .................................................................................................................... CLP.1480 v Bailey (1871) 12 Cox CC 56 ........................................................................................................................ CA.155.40 v Bailey (1872) LR 1 CCR 347 ................................................................................................. CA.117.320, CA.138.80 v Bailey (1907) 24 WN (NSW) 23 .......................................................................................... CA.117.420, CA.126.200 v Bailey [1924] 2 KB 300; (1925) 18 Cr App R 42 ................................................................... CA.79.20, CPA.21.180 v Bailey [1983] 1 WLR 760; [1983] 2 All ER 503; (1983) 77 Cr App R 76 .............................................. CA.428I.40 v Bainbridge [1960] 1 QB 129 ........................................................................................................................ CA.346.80 v Baines (1900) 69 LJQB 681 ..................................................................................................... CA.188.220, CLP.1220

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Baird (1915) 11 Cr App R 186 ................................................................................................................ CA.178C.180 Baird (1985) 3 NSWLR 331; 32 A Crim R 67 .......................................................................................... DMTA.7.40 Baker (1783) 1 Leach 290; 168 ER 247 ...................................................................................................... CA.94.140 Baker [1895] 1 QB 797 ............................................................................................................................... CA.327.160 Baker (1912) 7 Cr App R 217 .................................................................................................................. CPA.154.140 Baker (1923) 17 Cr App R 190 .................................................................................................................. CA.179.300 Baker [1999] 2 Cr App R 335 ........................................................................................................................ CLP.2620 Baldessare (1930) 144 LT 185; 22 Cr App R 70 ............................................... CA.345.80, CA.345.100, CA.351.60 Balic (1994) 75 A Crim R 509 ................................................................................................................... CPA.19.180 Ball [1842] Carrington & Marshman 249 .................................................................................................. CA.179.200 Ball [1911] AC 47; (1911) 6 Cr App R 31 ............................................................................................... CA.78A.100 Ball [1951] 2 KB 109; (1951) 35 Cr App R 24 .......................................................................................... CA.180.20 Ball (1957) 117 CCC 666 ................................................................................................................. CA.Pt3.Div10.400 Ballard (1916) 12 Cr App R 1 .................................................................................................................... CA.188.240 Balls (1871) 24 LT 760 ................................................................................................................................. CA.161.20 Balogh (1954) 72 WN (NSW) 108 ................................................................................................................. CA.7.140 Bamford [1972] 2 NSWLR 261 ................................................................................................................ CPA.154.280 Banditt (2004) 151 A Crim R 215; [2004] NSWCCA 208 ................................................................... CA.61HA.100 Banks (1873) 12 Cox CC 393 ...................................................................................................... CA.346.80, CLP.960 Banks [1911] 2 KB 1095; (1911) 6 Cr App R 276 ............................................................ CPA.154.40, CPA.156.180 Banks [1916] 2 KB 621; (1916) 12 Cr App R 74 ................................................ CA.77.20, CPA.36.20, CPA.160.20 Bannen (1844) 174 ER 818; 1 Car & K 295; 2 Mood 309 .................................................... CA.345.60, SOA.17.40 Barber 174 ER 880; (1844) 1 Car & K 434 .............................................................................................. CPA.160.20 Barbouttis (1995) 37 NSWLR 256; 82 A Crim R 432 ............... CA.344A.80, CA.344A.100, CA.27.100, CLP.660, CLP.760 Barker [1924] NZLR 865 ........................................................................................................................... CA.344A.60 Barlow (1962) 79 WN (NSW) 756 ............................................................................................................ CA.347.100 Barlow (1997) 188 CLR 1; 93 A Crim R 113; [1997] HCA 19 .......................................................... LEPRA.99.100 Barnard (1837) 7 Carr & P 784 ............................................................................................ CA.179.200, CA.179.240 Barnard (1884) 18 SALR 54 ............................................................................................................................. CA.8.20 Barnes (1850) 2 Denison 59 ....................................................................................................................... CA.179.200 Barnes (1858) 8 Cox CC 129 ....................................................................................................................... CA.155.40 Barnes [1940] 2 All ER 229; (1940) 27 Cr App R 154 ............................................................................ CPA.21.120 Barnes (1970) 55 Cr App R 100 ....................................................................................... CPA.154.140, CPA.154.200 Barnett (1829) 3 Car & P 600; 172 ER 563 ........................................................................................... LEPRA.23.80 Barnett (1848) 2 Car & K 594; 175 ER 248 ............................................................................................... CA.94.240 Barnett [1951] 2 KB 425; (1951) 35 Cr App R 37 ..................................................................... CA.10.40, CPA.8.20 Barnier [2001] NSWCCA 459 ................................................................................................ CA.7.120, DMTA.29.40 Barrass [2005] NSWCCA 131 ..................................................................................................................... CA.61N.80 Barrell (1979) 69 Cr App R 250 ................................................................................................................. CPA.21.200 Barreto (unreported NSWCCA 29 September 1993) ................................................................................... CA.33.120 Barrett (2007) 16 VR 240; (2007) 171 A Crim R 315; [2007] VSCA 95 ............................................... CA.19A.500 Barron [1914] 2 KB 570; 10 Cr App R 81 ................................................... CPA.19.160, CPA.156.80, CPA.156.120 Bartlett (1841) 2 Mood & Robinson 362 ..................................................................................................... CA.250.40 Barton (1931) 25 QJPR 81 ............................................................................................................................. CA.39.80 Basha (1989) 39 A Crim R 337 .................................................... CLP.1700, CPA.19.140, CPA.19.160, CPA.62.100 Baskerville [1916] 2 KB 658; (1916) 12 Cr App R 81 .................................................................................. CLP.580 Bassey (1931) 22 Cr App R 160 ................................................................................................................ CA.176.120 Bastian [1958] 1 WLR 413; (1958) 42 Cr App R 75 .................................................................................... CLP.1140 Bate (1871) 11 Cox CC 686 ........................................................................................................................... CA.85.20 Bateman (1845) 1 Cox CC 186 .................................................................................................................... CA.250.40 Bateman (1925) 19 Cr App R 8 .................. CA.24.180, CA.24.200, CA.24.220, CA.24.240, CA.54.100, CLP.1300 Bates & Pugh (1848) 3 Cox CC 201 ......................................................................................................... CA.179.200 Bathgate (1946) 46 SR (NSW) 281; 63 WN (NSW) 173 ..................................................... CPA.36.20, CPA.160.20

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Bathurst (1870) 1 AJR 40 ........................................................................................................................... CA.179.240 Bathurst [1968] 2 QB 99; 52 Cr App R 251 ............................................................................................... CA.23A.60 Batiste (1994) 35 NSWLR 437; 77 A Crim R 266 .................................................................................... CPA.19.180 Batty (1842) 2 Mood 257 ............................................................................................................................. CA.155.40 Batty (1912) 7 Cr App R 286 ..................................................................................................................... CA.188.160 Bauld (1876) 13 Cox CC 282 .................................................................................................................... CA.545B.40 Bavadra (2000) 115 A Crim R 152; [2000] NSWCCA 292 ........................................................................ CA.97.240 Bavastock [1954] Crim LR 625 ...................................................................................................................... CA.49.60 Baxter (1914) 9 Cr App R 60 .................................................................................................................... CA.19A.660 Baxter [1927] SASR 321 .............................................................................................................................. CA.179.80 Baxter [1972] QB 1 ..................................................................................................................................... CA.179.320 Baynes [1989] 2 Qd R 431; 41 A Crim R 405 .......................................................................................... CPA.21.160 Bazley (1986) 21 A Crim R 19 ..................................................................................................................... CPA.36.20 Beard (1837) 8 Car & P 143 ........................................................................................................................ CA.250.60 Beardsall (1859) 1 F & F 529 ...................................................................................................................... CA.250.60 Beattie (1981) 26 SASR 481 ..................................................................................................................... CA.61HA.80 Beaumont (1854) Dears 270 ......................................................................................................................... CA.157.60 Beavan (1952) 69 WN (NSW) 140 ....................................................................................... CPA.21.120, CPA.21.320 Bebbington (1978) 67 Cr App R 285 ....................................................................................................... CPA.154.120 Bebic (unreported, CCA (NSW), 14 October 1982) ............................................ CLP.680, CPA.21.200, CPA.21.280 Beck [1985] 1 WLR 22; [1985] 1 All ER 571; (1985) 80 Cr App R 355 ................................................. CA.45.120 Beckett (1836) 1 Mood & R 526; 174 ER 181 ....................................................... CA.27.80, CA.96.80, CA.98.180 Beckford [1988] AC 130 ............................................................................................................................... CA.423.40 Beeby (1999) 104 A Crim R 142; [1999] NSWCCA 30 ........................................................................... CPA.19.160 Beech (1912) 107 LT 461; 7 Cr App R 197 ......................... CA.19A.320, CA.54.80, CA.59.80, CLP.500, CLP.540 Beedie [1998] QB 356; [1997] 3 WLR 758 ................................................. CPA.19.160, CPA.156.80, CPA.156.100 Beissel (1996) 89 A Crim R 210 ................................................................................................................. SPA.10.100 Belfon [1976] 1 WLR 741; [1976] 3 All ER 46; (1976) 63 Cr App R 59 ....... CA.19A.520, CA.4.160, CA.33.120, CLP.1400 Beljavev [1984] VR 657 ............................................................................................................................. CA.117.440 Bell [1982] Qd R 216; (1981) 5 Crim R 347 ............................................................................................ CA.172.120 Bell (1985) 2 NSWLR 466 ............................................................................................................................ SPA.61.20 Bell (1987) 8 NSWLR 311; 28 A Crim R 417 ........................................................................................ CPA.154.200 Bellamy [1981] 2 NSWLR 727 .................................................................................................................. CA.117.440 Bellamy (unreported, CCA (NSW), 15 February 1993) ................................................................................ CA.94.60 Bellis (1911) 6 Cr App R 283 ...................................................................................................................... CA.66A.80 Bellman [1989] AC 836; [1989] 2 WLR 37; [1989] 1 All ER 22 ............................................................ CPA.21.200 Benbolt (1993) 67 A Crim R 11 ................................................................................................................. CPA.19.160 Bennett (1935) 36 SR (NSW) 329 ............................................................................................................... CA.83.120 Bennett [1985] 1 NSWLR 410 ..................................................................................................................... CA.444.40 Bennett (2014) 245 A Crim R 1; [2014] NSWCCA 197 ................................... CA.112.60, CA.112.80, CA.112.120 Bennett (Berkeley Bernard) (1914) 9 Cr App R 146 ........................................................... CA.176.120, CA.179.300 Bentley (1850) 4 Cox CC 406 ...................................................................................................................... CA.33.160 Bentley [1923] 1 KB 403 ................................................................................................................................ CA.26.40 Benz (1989) 168 CLR 110; 44 A Crim R 1 ............................................................................................... CPA.156.40 Benz (1989) 168 CLR 110; 44 A Crim R 1; [1989] HCA 64 ........................................................................ CLP.580 Berger (1915) 11 Cr App R 72 ................................................................................................................... CA.188.160 Berkshire Justices (1878) 4 QBD 469 ........................................................................................ CA.95.80, CA.98.160 Bernhard [1938] 2 KB 264; (1938) 26 Cr App R 137 .................... CA.99.60, CA.117.200, CA.117.320, CLP.1480 Bernthaler (unreported, CCA (NSW), 17 December 1993) ..................................................................... CPA.293.120 Berrigan (unreported, CCA (NSW), 7 October 1994) ............................................................................. CPA.293.120 Berrigan (unreported, High Court, 23 November 1995) .......................................................................... CPA.293.120 Berriman (1854) 6 Cox CC 388 ................................................................................................... CA.42.40, CA.85.20 Berry (1897) 104 L T Jo 110 ........................................................................................................................ CPA.34.20

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TABLE OF CASES

R v Berry [1984] 1 WLR 824; [1984] 2 All ER 296 ...................................................................................... CA.545D.80 R v Berwick [1979] Tas R 101 .............................................................................................................................. CA.27.80 R v Beserick (1993) 30 NSWLR 510; 66 A Crim R 419 .............. CA.61L.80, CA.61HA.40, CPA.162.40, CPA.293.60, CPA.293.100 R v Betts and Ridley (1930) 22 Cr App R 148 ................................................................................................ CA.345.100 R v Betty (1963) 48 Cr App R 6 ....................................................................................................................... CA.345.100 R v Beveridge (1909) 9 SR (NSW) 676; 26 WN (NSW) 152 ......................................................................... CPA.113.40 R v Beydoun (1990) 22 NSWLR 256; 51 A Crim R 89 ... CA.192E.120, CA.178BA.120, CA.178BB.240, CA.327.220 R v Bicanin (1976) 15 SASR 20 ....................................................................................................................... CPA.159.20 R v Biggin [1920] 1 KB 213; (1920) 14 Cr App R 87 ........................................................................................ CA.18.20 R v Bikic (2000) 112 A Crim R 300; [2000] NSWCCA 106 ........................................................................... CPA.21.380 R v Bikic [2002] NSWCCA 227 ........................................................................................................................ CPA.160.20 R v Billinghurst [1978] Crim LR 553 ................................................................................................................. CA.61.240 R v Bingapore (1975) 11 SASR 469 ........................................................................... CA.19A.300, CA.428I.40, CLP.540 R v Bingley (1833) 5 Car & P 602; 172 ER 1118 ........................................................................ CA.94.100, CA.117.260 R v Bird (1839) 9 Car & P 44; 173 ER 732 ....................................................................................................... CA.112.80 R v Bird (1851) 2 Den 94; 169 ER 431 .................................................................................. CPA.156.140, CPA.156.180 R v Birkett (1805) Russ & Ry 86 ........................................................................................................................ CA.250.40 R v Birks (1990) 19 NSWLR 677; 48 A Crim R 385 .................................................................. CPA.36.20, CPA.159.20 R v Birlut (1995) 39 NSWLR 1 ........................................................................................................................ CPA.132.20 R v Birt (1899) 63 JP 328 .................................................................................................................................. CA.176.120 R v Bishirgian [1936] 1 All ER 586; (1936) 25 Cr App R 176 .................. CA.192G.120, CA.176.120, CA.178BB.200, CA.179.200 R v Bishop (1888) 4 WN (NSW) 107 ................................................................................................................. CA.37.100 R v Bishop (1981) 54 FLR 1 ............................................................................................................................... CPA.19.40 R v Black (1921) 21 SR (NSW) 748; 38 WN (NSW) 231 ................................................................................ CA.576.20 R v Black [1963] 1 WLR 1311; [1963] 3 All ER 682; (1964) 48 Cr App R 52 ............................................ CPA.160.20 R v Black [2001] NSWCCA 41 ....................................................................................................... CA.95.120, CA.96.100 R v Blackham (1787) 2 East PC 711 .................................................................................................................. CA.94.140 R v Blacklidge (unreported, CCA (NSW), 12 December 1995) ........................................................................ CA.24.280 R v Blackman [2001] NSWCCA 121 .................................................................................................................. SPA.12.20 R v Blade (unreported CCA NSW 1 May 1991) .................................................................................... CA.Pt3.Div10.400 R v Blair (2005) 152 A Crim R 462; [2005] NSWCCA 78 ................................................. DMTA.23.160, DMTA.29.40 R v Blamires Transport Services Ltd [1964] 1 QB 278; [1963] 3 WLR 496; (1963) 47 Cr App R 272 ...................................................................................................................................... CLP.680, CLP.740, CLP.760 R v Blaue [1975] 1 WLR 1411; [1975] 3 All ER 446; (1975) 61 Cr App R 271 ................. CA.19A.160, CA.19A.360, CLP.460, CLP.540 R v Blayney (2003) 87 SASR 354; (2003) 140 A Crim R 249; [2003] SASC 405 .............. CA.61HA.40, CA.61HA.80 R v Blenkinsop (1848) 2 Car & Kir 531 ............................................................................................................. CA.250.40 R v Blevins (1988) 48 SASR 65 ................................................................... CA.4.160, CA.5.200, CA.33.120, CLP.1400 R v Bloodworth (1914) 9 Cr App R 80 ............................................................................................................ CA.78A.100 R v Bloomfield [1842] Carrington & Marshman 537 ....................................................................................... CA.179.200 R v Bloomfield (1998) 44 NSWLR 734; 101 A Crim R 404 ............................................................................. SPA.44.20 R v Bloxham (1943) 29 Cr App R 37 ............................................................................................................... CA.117.140 R v Boag (1994) 73 A Crim R 35 ................................................................................................................... CPA.154.200 R v Boardman (1838) 2 Mood & Robinson 147 ................................................................................................ CA.250.60 R v Boatswain [2015] NSWSC 1828 ................................................................................................................. BA.16A.40 R v Boatswain [2015] NSWSC 878 ................................................................................................................... BA.16A.40 R v Bobak [2005] NSWCCA 320 ........................................................................................................................ CA.33.200 R v Boden (1844) 1 Car & K 395; 174 ER 863 ........................................................................... CA.94.240, CA.117.200 R v Bodin [1979] Crim LR 176 ........................................................................................................................... CA.45.120 R v Bogacki [1973] QB 832; [1973] 2 WLR 937; [1973] 2 All ER 864 ....................................................... CA.154A.40 R v Boland [1974] VR 849 .................................................................................................................................... CA.86.80 R v Bolter (1875) Cox CC 440 .............................................................................................................................. CA.4.160

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TABLE OF CASES

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Bolton (1841) 1 QB 65; 113 ER 1054 ..................................................................................................... CPA.156.140 Bolton (1992) 94 Cr App R 74 ........................................................................................................................ CLP.660 Bolton (unreported, District Court, NSW, Cooper J, 14 May 1981) ............................................................ CA.53.80 Bond [1906] 2 KB 389 ................................................................................................................ CA.82.80, CA.83.120 Bond (unreported, CCA (NSW), 20 August 1996) .................................................................................... CPA.293.60 Bondareff (1999) 109 A Crim R 23; [1999] SASC 316 ................................................... CA.310D.60, CPA.154.260 Bone [1968] 1 WLR 983; [1968] 2 All ER 644; (1968) 52 Cr App R 546 ................................................. CLP.2660 Bonnyman (1943) 28 Cr App R 131 .............................................................................................................. CA.44.80 Bonollo [1981] VR 633; 2 A Crim R 431 .............................................. CA.192E.140, CA.117.200, CA.178BA.140 Bonora (1994) 35 NSWLR 74 .............................................................................. CA.61L.80, CA.61.160, CA.61.180 Booth (1897) 3 ALR (CN) 19 ....................................................................................................................... CA.155.40 Booth [1982] 2 NSWLR 847; 8 A Crim R 81 ......................................................................................... CPA.154.260 Boothby (1933) 24 Cr App R 112 .............................................................................................................. CA.179.300 Borinelli [1962] SASR 214 .............................................................................. CA.344A.60, CA.117.80, CA.117.360 Borrett (1833) 6 Car & P 124 .................................................................................................... CA.159.80, CLP.1460 Boseley [1937] 4 All ER 100; (1937) 26 Cr App R 99 ........................................................................... CA.178A.60 Boskovitz [1999] NSWCCA 437 ............................................................................................................. CA.192G.120 Boskovitz (unreported, CCA (NSW), 19 August 1996) ........................................................................... CPA.154.200 Boston (1923) 33 CLR 386; [1923] HCA 59 ................................................................................................ CLP.1480 Boston [2000] NSWCCA 227 ..................................................................................................................... CPA.167.20 Bottomley (1922) 16 Cr App R 184 ........................................................................................................ CA.178A.180 Bouch [1983] QB 246; [1982] 3 WLR 673; [1982] 3 All ER 918 ............................................................... CA.47.80 Boulden (1957) 41 Cr App R 105 ................................................................................................................ CA.43.100 Boult (1848) 2 Car & Kir 604 ...................................................................................................................... CA.250.40 Boulter (1852) 5 Cox CC 543 .................................................................................................................... CA.327.200 Bouquet [1962] SR (NSW) 563; [1962] NSWR 1034; 79 WN (NSW) 423 ...................... CPA.63.20, CPA.150.140 Bourke (1993) 67 A Crim R 518 ................................................................................................................ DMTA.7.40 Bourne (1878) 1 SCR (NS) (NSW) 176 ................................................................................. CA.117.20, CA.117.280 Bourne [1939] 1 KB 687 .............................................................................................................................. CA.83.100 Bourne [1939] 1 KB 687; [1938] 3 All ER 615 ............................................................................................ CLP.2820 Bourne (1952) 36 Cr App R 125 ......................................... CA.79.40, CA.345.80, CLP.1220, CLP.2500, CLP.2640 Bournewood Community and Mental Health NHS Trust [1999] 1 AC 458; [1998] 3 WLR 107; [1998] 3 All ER 289 ................................................................................................................................ CLP.2820 v Bow County Court; Ex parte Pelling [1999] 1 WLR 1807; 4 All ER 751 ................................................. CPA.36.20 v Bow Street Magistrates; Ex parte Mackeson (1981) 75 Cr App R 24 ................................ CPA.19.100, CPA.19.160 v Bowden (1843) 2 Mood CC 285; 169 ER 113 ............................................................................................ CA.148.80 v Bowden (1981) 7 A Crim R 378 ................................................................... CA.19A.540, CA.19A.600, CA.110.120 v Bowen (1840) 9 Car & P 509; 173 ER 933 ................................................................................................. CPA.19.40 v Bowen (1841) Car & M 149;174 ER 448 .................................................................................................... CA.33.120 v Bowen [1997] 1 WLR 372; [1996] 4 All ER 837; [1996] 2 Cr App R 157 ................................................ CLP.2580 v Bower (1888) 5 WN (NSW) 28 .................................................................................................................... CA.117.20 v Bowerman [1891] 1 QB 112 ........................................................................................................................... CA.4.260 v Bowers (1866) LR 1 CCR 41 ....................................................................................................................... CA.155.40 v Bowhay (2000) 111 A Crim R 271; [2000] NSWCCA 54 ............................................................................ CA.23.60 v Bowman [No 2] (1987) 87 FLR 472; 49 NTR 48 ..................................................................................... CA.117.200 v Box (1839) 9 Car & P 126 ......................................................................................................................... CA.117.360 v Boyce (1824) 1 Mood CC 29; 168 ER 1172 ............................................................................................... CA.46.100 v Boyce (1976) 15 SASR 40 ............................................................................................................................. CA.7.120 v Boyd [1984] WAR 236; (1984) 12 A Crim R 20 ..................................................................................... CA.78A.160 v Boyesen [1982] AC 768; [1982] 2 WLR 882; [1982] 2 All ER 161 ........................................ CA.7.80, DMTA.7.40 v Boyle [1914] 3 KB 339; (1914) 10 Cr App R 180 ....................................................................................... CA.99.60 v Boyle [1954] 2 QB 292; [1954] 3 WLR 364; (1954) 38 Cr App R 111 .............................. CA.112.80, CPA.154.20 v Boyle (2009) 26 VR 219; [2009] VSCA 289 ................................................................................................ CLP.2260 v Bozikis [1981] VR 587; 5 A Crim R 58 ........................................................................................................ CLP.2280

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TABLE OF CASES

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Bradford (1860) 8 Cox CC 309 .................................................................................................................... CA.213.20 Bradlaugh (1883) 15 Cox CC 217 ................................................................................................................ CA.529.40 Bradley (1910) 4 Cr App R 225 ................................................................................................................. CPA.150.20 Bradshaw (1878) 14 Cox CC 83 .................................................................................................................. CA.61.240 Brain (1919) 13 Cr App R 197 ................................................................................................................... CA.117.440 Braithwaite [1983] 1 WLR 385; [1983] 2 All ER 87; (1983) 77 Cr App R 34 ...................................... CA.249B.80 Bramley (1822) Russ & Ry 478 ................................................................................................................... CA.162.40 Braynell (1850) 4 Cox CC 402 ..................................................................................................................... CA.31.100 Brdarovski [2006] VSCA 231; (2006) 166 A Crim R 366 ............................................................. CA.Pt3.Div10.420 Bren (1863) Le & Ca 346 ............................................................................................................................. CA.155.40 Brennan (1970) 16 FLR 358 ...................................................................................................................... CA.189B.20 Brentford Justices; Ex parte Wong [1981] 1 QB 445; 73 Cr App R 65 ................................................... CPA.19.160 Brereton (1914) 10 Cr App R 201 .............................................................................................................. CA.117.360 Brett (1845) 1 Cox CC 261 ........................................................................................................................ CA.188.160 Brice (1821) Russ & Ry 450; 168 ER 892 .................................................................................................. CA.112.80 Bridgman (1980) 24 SASR 278 ....................................................................................................................... CLP.580 Brien (1903) 20 WN (NSW) 154 ............................................................................................................... CA.179.200 Briese; Ex parte Attorney-General [1998] 1 Qd R 487; (1997) 92 A Crim R 75 .................................... SPA.10.100 Brigden [1973] Crim LR 579 ...................................................................................................................... CPA.150.60 Briggs (1987) 24 A Crim R 98 ............................................................................................... CA.117.80, CA.117.360 Brightwell [1995] 2 NZLR 435 .......................................................................................... CPA.156.80, CPA.156.220 Brindley (1993) 66 A Crim R 204 ................................................................................................................ SPA.44.20 Bristow [1960] SASR 210 ................................................................................................................................ CLP.540 Britcher (1866) 5 SCR (NSW) 121 ............................................................................................................ CA.179.200 Britten (1988) 49 SASR 47; 36 A Crim R 48 ........................................................................................... CA.345.140 Britton (1893) 17 Cox CC 627 ................................................................................................................... CA.327.200 Britton [1973] RTR 502 .............................................................................................................................. CA.319.140 Broadbent [1964] VR 733 ......................................................................... CPA.154.100, CPA.154.200, CPA.154.280 Broadfoot [1976] 3 All ER 753; (1976) 64 Cr App R 71 .......................................................................... CA.91A.40 Broadhurst [1964] AC 441 ........................................................................................................................ CPA.150.120 Bromhead (1906) 71 JP 103 ....................................................................................................................... CA.188.240 Brookes (1842) Car & M 543; 174 ER 626 ................................................................................................ CA.148.20 Brooks (1838) 8 Car & P 295 ..................................................................................................................... CA.117.360 Brooks (1853) Dears 184 ............................................................................................................................ CA.188.220 Brooks (1859) 1 Fos & Fin 502 ................................................................................................................. CA.179.280 Brooks (1902) 5 Can Crim Cas 372 .......................................................................................................... CA.43A.120 Brougham (1986) 43 SASR 187 ............................................................................................... CA.35.120, CA.97.140 Brow [1981] VR 783 ............................................................................... CA.192E.140, CA.117.200, CA.178BA.140 Brown (1847) 2 Cox CC 348 ..................................................................................................................... CA.179.200 Brown (1852) 17 QBD 833 ...................................................................................................................... CA.546B.120 Brown (1856) Dearsly 616 .......................................................................................................................... CA.117.360 Brown (1870) LR 1 CCR 244 ........................................................................................................................ CA.85.20 Brown (1883) 10 QBD 381 ............................................................................................................................ CA.30.80 Brown (1890) LR 24 QBD 357 ...................................................................................................................... CA.79.40 Brown (1899) 63 JP 790 ................................................................................................................................. CA.82.60 Brown [1968] SASR 467 ........................................................................................... CLP.2540, CLP.2560, CLP.2640 Brown (1977) 64 Cr App R 231 .............................................................................................................. LEPRA.21.20 Brown [1978] 2 NZLR 174 ........................................................................................................................ DMTA.3.80 Brown (1984) 13 A Crim R 454 ..................................................................................................................... CA.24.20 Brown (1984) 79 Cr App R 115 ............................... CA.192E.120, CA.192G.120, CA.178BA.120, CA.178BB.200 Brown (1986) 43 SASR 33; 21 A Crim R 288 ................................... CA.316.200, CLP.2600, CLP.2640, CLP.2660 Brown (1989) 17 NSWLR 472; 44 A Crim R 385 ........................................ CPA.19.80, CPA.19.160, CPA.154.180 Brown [1994] 1 AC 212; [1993] 2 All ER 75; (1993) 97 Cr App R 44 .................................................... CA.35.100

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TABLE OF CASES

R v Brown [1994] 1 AC 212; [1993] 2 WLR 556; [1993] 2 All ER 75; (1993) 97 Cr App R 44 .............. CA.51A.120, CA.39.100, CA.48.100, CA.53.100, CA.59.100, CA.60.160, CA.61.160, CA.61.240, CA.61.260, CA.61.280, CA.61.300, CA.61.320, CA.95.80 R v Brown [1995] Crim LR 328 ....................................................................................................................... CA.198.100 R v Brown (unreported, CCA (NSW), 1 August 1994) ................................................... CA.178BA.180, CA.178BB.280 R v Brown (unreported, CCA (NSW), 9 December 1998) ................................................................................. CA.316.80 R v Brown (unreported, NSWCCA, 1 August 1994) ............................................................ CA.192E.280, CA.192G.160 R v Brown (Winston) [1994] 1 WLR 1599; [1995] 1 Cr App R 191 ................................................................. CLP.1800 R v Brown 174 ER 522; (1841) Car & M 314 ................................................................................................... CA.58.200 R v Browne (1987) 30 A Crim R 278 ................................ CA.95.100, CA.97.220, CA.98.220, CA.351.40, CPA.162.40 R v Brownlow (1910) 4 Cr App R 131 .......................................................................................................... CA.178C.120 R v Brummit (1861) Le & Ca 9 .......................................................................................................................... CA.139.60 R v Bryan [1857] Dearsly & Bell 265 .............................................................................................................. CA.179.200 R v Bryan (1861) 2 Fos & Fin 567 ................................................................................................................... CA.179.280 R v Bryan (1951) 35 Cr App R 121 ...................................................................................................................... CA.10.40 R v Bryant (1899) 63 JP 376 .......................................................................................................................... CA.178C.140 R v Bubb (1850) 4 Cox CC 455 ....................................................................................................................... CA.43A.120 R v Buchanan [1966] VR 9 ........................................................................................................ CA.52A.180, CA.52A.200 R v Buck and Buck (1960) 44 Cr App R 213 .................................................................................................... CA.346.80 R v Buckett (1995) 79 A Crim R 302; 126 FLR 435 .............................................................. CA.527C.140, CA.117.200 R v Buckmaster (1887) 20 QBD 182 ................................................................................................................ CA.117.360 R v Bucksath (2000) 114 A Crim R 1; [2000] NSWCCA 135 ........................................................................ CPA.19.160 R v Bugmy [2004] NSWCCA 258 ....................................................................................................................... SPA.12.40 R v Bull (1877) 13 Cox CC 608 ....................................................................................................................... CA.179.200 R v Bull 173 ER 723; (1839) 9 Car & P 22 ......................................................................................................... CA.18.20 R v Bullock (1825) 1 Mood 324 ......................................................................................................................... CA.148.20 R v Bullock [1955] 1 WLR 1; 1 All ER 15; (1954) 38 Cr App R 157 ............................................................. CA.346.80 R v Bunn (1872) 12 Cox CC 316 ........................................................................................................................... CLP.760 R v Burchell (1987) 34 A Crim R 148 ............................................................................................................. CA.66A.120 R v Burdett 106 ER 873; (1820) 4 B & Ald 95 ............................................................................ CA.19A.420, CLP.1440 R v Burdon (1927) 20 Cr App R 80 ...................................................................................................................... CA.53.80 R v Burgess (2005) 152 A Crim R 100; [2005] NSWCCA 52 ........... CA.195.100, CA.423.40, CA.423.60, CA.423.140 R v Burgiss (1836) 7 Car & P 488; 173 ER 217 ........................................................................................... LEPRA.23.80 R v Burgon (1856) Dearsly & Bell 11 .............................................................................................................. CA.179.280 R v Burke (1822) Russ & Ry 496 ....................................................................................................................... CA.250.40 R v Burke (1918) 18 SR (NSW) 336; 35 WN (NSW) 92 .............................................................. CA.428I.60, CLP.1180 R v Burke [1993] 1 Qd R 166; (1991) 56 A Crim R 242 .............................................................. CPA.34.20, CPA.36.20 R v Burles [1947] VLR 392 ............................................................................................................................. CA.61HA.80 R v Burnett (1994) 76 A Crim R 148 .............................................................................................................. CPA.154.260 R v Burnett (1996) 85 A Crim R 76 ................................................................................................................ DMTA.23.20 R v Burns (1920) 20 SR (NSW) 351; 37 WN (NSW) 77 .................................................................................. CPA.21.20 R v Burns (1928) 45 WN (NSW) 163 ............................................................................................................... CA.131.260 R v Burnside [1962] VR 96 ................................................................................................................................. CA.24.220 R v Burr [1969] NZLR 736 ................................................................................................................................... CLP.1200 R v Burrows [1952] 1 All ER 58; (1951) 35 Cr App R 180 ............................................................................. CA.61L.80 R v Burstow [1998] AC 147 ................................................................................................................................ CA.61.120 R v Burt (2003) 140 A Crim R 555; [2003] NSWCCA 248 ............................................................................. CA.61L.80 R v Burton (1829) 1 Mood 237 ........................................................................................................................... CA.155.40 R v Burton (1854) Dearsly 282 .................................................................................................... CA.117.280, CA.117.340 R v Burton (1875) 32 LT 539; 13 Cox CC 71 ............................................................ CA.345.60, CA.346.80, CA.351.60 R v Burton (1886) 16 Cox CC 62 ..................................................................................................................... CA.179.280 R v Burton (1986) 24 A Crim R 169 ................................................................................................................ CA.19A.100 R v Bush [1975] 1 NSWLR 298 ............................................................................................................................. CA.7.80 R v Buswell [1972] 1 WLR 64; 1 All ER 75 ....................................................................................................... CA.7.120

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TABLE OF CASES

R v Butcher [1858] Bell CC 6 ....................................................................................................... CA.179.200, CA.345.60 R v Butcher [1986] VR 43; (1985) 16 A Crim R 1 ..... CA.19A.140, CA.19A.160, CA.19A.300, CA.94.60, CA.94.140, CLP.440 R v Butler (1991) 24 NSWLR 66; 56 A Crim R 231 ....................................................................................... CPA.113.20 R v Butt (1884) 15 Cox CC 564 ......................................................................................................................... CA.345.60 R v Butt (1884) 51 LT 607 ................................................................................................................................ CA.158.140 R v Butterfield (1843) 1 Cox CC 39 ................................................................................................................. CA.347.100 R v Butterwick (1839) 2 Mood & Robinson 196 ............................................................................................... CA.250.40 R v Buttle (1959) 77 WN (NSW) 154 ......................................................................................... CA.117.320, CA.126.200 R v Button [1966] AC 591 ............................................................................................ CA.93C.80, CA.93C.140, CA.8.20 R v Button (1991) 54 A Crim R 1 ................................................................................................................... CPA.154.260 R v Button (2002) 54 NSWLR 455; (2002) 129 A Crim R 242; [2002] NSWCCA 159 ........... CA.61J.140, CA.59.120, CA.86.180, CA.97.140, CA.195.140 R v Button (2002) 54 NSWLR 455; 129 A Crim R 242; [2002] NSWCCA 159 ............................................. CA.35.120 R v Buttsworth [1983] 1 NSWLR 658 ............................................. CA.52A.140, CA.52A.160, CA.52A.200, CLP.1300 R v Buzart (1884) 1 WN (NSW) 73 .................................................................................................................... CA.427.20 R v Byrne [1960] 2 QB 396; [1960] 3 WLR 440; (1960) 44 Cr App R 246 ............. CA.23A.60, CLP.1040, CLP.1120, CLP.1140 R v Byrne [No 2] [1938] St R Qd 141 .............................................................................................................. CPA.21.100 R v C (1981) 3 A Crim R 146 ............................................................................................................................. CA.86.100 R v C [1982] Qd R 405; (1982) 6 A Crim R 128 ........................................................................................... CA.78A.160 R v C (1994) 75 A Crim R 309 ........................................................................................................................ CA.442B.20 R v C (1997) 93 A Crim R 81 ........................................................................................................................ LEPRA.99.40 R v C [2005] EWCA Crim 2827; [2006] 1 Cr App R 20 ...................................................................................... CLP.960 R v CAL (unreported, CCA (NSW), 24 October 1996) ..................................................................................... CA.316.80 R v Ca [1961] 1 WLR 1083; 2 All ER 856; (1961) 45 Cr App R 374 ........................................................... CA.188.160 R v Cabbage (1815) Russ & Ry 292 ................................................................................................................. CA.117.220 R v Cacciola (1998) 104 A Crim R 178 ........................................................................................................ DMTA.25.220 R v Cahill [1978] 2 NSWLR 453; (1978) 46 FLR 453 ......................................................................................... CLP.760 R v Cahill [1998] 4 VR 1 ...................................................................................................................................... CLP.1400 R v Caird (1970) 54 Cr App R 499 .................................................................................................................. CA.93B.100 R v Cairns [1999] 2 Cr App R 137 ....................................................................................................................... CLP.2820 R v Cakmak [2002] 2 Cr App R 10; [2002] Crim LR 58 .......................................................... CA.199.100, CA.199.140 R v Calderwood [1983] NI 361 ............................................................................................................................. CLP.2620 R v Caldwell [1976] WAR 204 ............................................................................................................................ CA.61.320 R v Caldwell [1982] AC 341; [1981] 2 WLR 509; [1981] 1 All ER 961 ..................................... CA.428I.60, CLP.1180 R v Calhaem [1985] QB 808; [1985] 2 All ER 226; (1985) 81 Cr App R 131 ................................................ CA.45.120 R v Callaghan [1942] St R Qd 40 ........................................................................................................................... CLP.120 R v Callaghan [1966] VR 17 .......................................................................................................... CPA.19.40, CPA.21.400 R v Callaghan [1994] 2 Qd R 300; (1993) 70 A Crim R 350 .......................................................................... CPA.160.20 R v Cambridge [1994] 1 WLR 971; [1994] 2 All ER 760; (1994) 99 Cr App R 142 ...................................... CA.23.120 R v Cameron (1856) 7 A Digest (2nd ed) 449 ...................................................................................................... CA.85.20 R v Cameron (1877) 3 VLR (L) 85 ................................................................................................................... CA.327.200 R v Cameron (1924) 41 WN (NSW) 56 ............................................................................................................ CA.117.280 R v Cameron [1983] 2 NSWLR 66; (1983) 8 A Crim R 466 ....... CA.35A.120, CA.344A.140, CA.33.180, CA.59.100, CA.97.220, CA.98.220, CPA.19.160, CPA.162.40, CPA.162.60 R v Cameron [1983] 2 NSWLR 66; 8 A Crim R 466 ................................................................ CA.192E.260, CA.35.140 R v Cameron (1991) 57 A Crim R 406 ............................................................................................................. CA.179.280 R v Cameron (unreported, CCA (NSW), 27 September 1994) .............. CA.24.100, CA.24.200, CA.24.220, CA.24.240, CA.24.260, CA.54.100 R v Cammilleri [1979] 1 NSWLR 184 .......................................................................................... CA.173.100, CA.175.80 R v Campbell (1792) 2 Leach 564; 168 ER 385 ................................................................................................ CA.148.80 R v Campbell (1827) 1 Moody 179 ................................................................................................................... CA.117.360 R v Campbell [1981] Qd R 516 ................................................................................... CA.86.100, CA.86.140, CA.86.240

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Campbell 174 ER 722; (1843) 1 Car & K 82 ............................................................................................. CA.19A.20 Camplin 169 ER 163; (1845) 1 Den 89 ................................................................................................... CA.61HA.80 Cantlon (1868) 5 WW & a’B 24 .................................................................................................................. CA.155.40 Cantor [1991] Crim LR 481 ...................................................................................................................... CPA.154.200 Caple (1984) 14 A Crim R 106 ........................................................................ CA.35A.120, CA.33.180, CPA.162.20 Caplin (1933) 33 SR (NSW) 514; 50 WN (NSW) 189 ....................................................... CA.117.340, CA.117.440 Carey (1990) 20 NSWLR 292; (1990) 50 A Crim R 163 ................................................. DMTA.3.80, DMTA.29.40 Carlile (1819) 3 B & Ald 167 ......................................................................................................................... CPA.8.20 Carlos [1946] VLR 15 ................................................................................................................................... CA.83.100 Carlssen (1876) 14 SCR (NSW) 268 ............................................................................................................... CLP.180 Carmichael [1940] 1 KB 630; [1940] 2 All ER 165; (1940) 27 Cr App R 183 ..................................... CA.78A.100 Carn (1982) 5 A Crim R 466 .................................................................................................... CA.428I.40, CLP.1180 Carpenter (1911) 22 Cox CC 618 .................................. CA.178C.140, CA.192E.120, CA.178BA.120, CA.179.300 Carr (1811) Russ & Ry 198 .......................................................................................................................... CA.155.40 Carr (1883) 9 VLR (L) 188 .............................................................................................................................. CA.8.20 Carr (1934) 24 Cr App R 199 ......................................................................................................................... CA.24.40 Carr (1945) 63 WN (NSW) 59 ..................................................................................................................... CA.47.100 Carr (1996) 1 VR 585 .................................................................................................................................. CA.23A.60 Carr (2002) 135 A Crim R 171 ................................................................................................................ CA.176A.100 Carr (unreported, NSW CCA, 17 October 1990) ......................................................................................... CA.61.240 Carr-Briant [1943] KB 607; (1943) 29 Cr App R 76 .................... CA.178B.120, CA.77.20, CA.417.40, CLP.1440, SOA.12.20 Carranceja (1989) 42 A Crim R 402 ......................................................................................................... CA.19A.160 Carrion (1993) 69 A Crim R 230 ............................................................................................................... CA.447A.40 Carrion (2000) 49 NSWLR 149; 113 A Crim R 39; [2000] NSWCCA 191 ..................... DMTA.25.220, SPA.44.40 Carroll (1825) 1 Mood CC 89; 168 ER 1197 .............................................................................................. CA.148.80 Carroll [1975] 2 NZLR 474 .......................................................................................................................... CA.97.120 Carroll (2002) 213 CLR 635; 136 A Crim R 167 .............................................................. CPA.19.160, CPA.156.200 Carruthers (1844) 1 Cox CC 138 ................................................................................................................. CA.31.100 Carter (1867) 10 Cox CC 642 .................................................................................................................... CA.179.200 Carter [1959] VR 105 ..................................................................................................................... CLP.280, CLP.1120 Carter (2003) 141 A Crim R 142; [2003] QCA 515 ....................................................................................... CLP.440 Carter [2003] NSWCCA 243 ......................................................................................................................... SPA.44.20 Carter; Ex parte Attorney-General [1990] 2 Qd R 371; 47 A Crim R 55 .................................................. CA.45.120 Cartledge [1956] VLR 225 .......................................................................................................................... CPA.162.80 Cartwright (1806) Russ & Ry 106 ................................................................................................................ CA.250.40 Carusi (1989) 17 NSWLR 516; 45 A Crim R 165 ............................ CLP.680, CLP.740, DMTA.3.80, DMTA.26.60 Carusi (1997) 92 A Crim R 52 ................................................................................................................... CPA.159.20 Caruso (1988) 49 SASR 465; (1988) 37 A Crim R 1 ............................................................................... DMTA.3.40 Carver [1917] 2 WWR 1170 ..................................................................................................................... CPA.156.180 Case (1850) 1 Den 580; 169 ER 381 ........................................................................................................... CA.61.160 Casement [1917] 1 KB 98 ........................................................................................................... CA.16.20, CPA.17.20 Casey (1926) 26 SR (NSW) 189; 43 WN (NSW) 51 ................................................................................ CA.117.280 Cash [1985] 1 QB 801; [1985] 2 WLR 735; 2 All ER 128; (1985) 80 Cr App R 314 ........ CA.117.20, CA.188.40, CA.188.160 Caslin [1961] 1 WLR 59; [1961] 1 All ER 246; (1960) 45 Cr App R 47 ... CA.117.360, CA.120.140, CA.179.200 Cassidy [1919] SR (NSW) 48; 36 WN 13 ................................................................................................... CA.121.40 Castiglione (1912) 7 Cr App R 233 .............................................................................................................. CA.311.20 Castiglione (1962) 63 SR (NSW) 393; [1963] NSWR 1; 80 WN (NSW) 537 ......................................... CA.91A.40 Castledine (1792) 2 East PC 645 .................................................................................................................. CA.148.80 Catalano (1992) 61 A Crim R 323 ................................................................................................................... CLP.780 Cato [1976] 1 WLR 110; 1 All ER 260; 62 Cr App R 41 ............ CA.19A.300, CA.5.200, CA.24.120, CA.24.220, CA.24.240, CLP.440 Cattell (1967) 86 WN (Pt 1) (NSW) 391 ..................................................................................................... CPA.30.20

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Cawley (1896) 7 QLJR 45 ............................................................................................................................ CA.117.20 Cawthorne [1996] 2 Cr App R (s) 445 ........................................................................................................... CA.24.20 Cengiz [1998] 3 VR 720 ................................................. CA.27.40, CA.27.100, CA.28.100, CA.29.100, CA.30.100 Chaaban (2006) 166 A Crim R 406; [2006] NSWCCA 352 ......................................................................... CLP.2680 Chai (1992) 27 NSWLR 153; 60 A Crim R 305 ................................ CLP.780, CLP.2260, CLP.2660, CPA.154.260 Chai [2000] NSWCCA 320 ........................................................................................................................... CA.345.60 Chai (2002) 128 A Crim R 101; [2002] HCA 12 .......................................................................................... CLP.1880 Chainey [1914] 1 KB 137 ............................................................................................................................ SOA.17.40 Chairman, County of London Quarter Sessions; Ex parte Downes [1954] 1 QB 1 ................................... CPA.17.20 Chairman of Parole Board (NT); Ex parte Patterson (1986) 32 A Crim R 266 ....................................... CA.316.200 Challita (1988) 37 A Crim R 175 ............................................................................................. CLP.680, DMTA.26.60 Chamberlain (1833) 6 Car & P 93; 172 ER 1160 ................................................................................... CPA.156.180 Chami (2002) 128 A Crim R 428; [2002] NSWCCA 136 ........................................................................ CPA.21.320 Champion (1992) 64 A Crim R 244 ............................................................................................................. CPA.19.40 Chan (1992) 28 NSWLR 421; 63 A Crim R 242 ........................ CA.527C.40, CA.527C.60, CA.527C.100, CLP.80 Chan-Fook [1994] 1 WLR 689; [1994] 2 All ER 552; (1994) 99 Cr App R 147 ................ CA.35.100, CA.39.100, CA.59.100, CA.95.80 v Chandler [1913] 1 KB 125; (1912) 8 Cr App R 82 ............................................................... CA.112.80, CA.117.340 v Chang (unreported, CCA (NSW), 1 October 1998) ....................................................................................... CA.99.60 v Chant (unreported, NSW (CCA), 12 June 1998) .............................................................. CA.61HA.40, CA.61HA.80 v Chapple (1840) 9 Car & P 355 ................................................................................................................... CA.347.100 v Charles (1866) 3 W W & a’B (L) 52 ........................................................................................................... CA.311.20 v Charles [1976] 1 WLR 248; [1976] 1 All ER 659 ...................................................... CA.192E.120, CA.178BA.120 v Charlesworth (1861) 1 B & S 460; 121 ER 786 ..................................................................................... CPA.156.140 v Charlesworth (1910) 4 Cr App R 167 ........................................................................................................ CA.179.300 v Chater (1861) 9 Cox CC 1 ............................................................................................................................ CA.155.40 v Chattaway (1924) 17 Cr App R 7 ................................................................................................................... CA.44.80 v Chayna (1993) 66 A Crim R 178 ................................................................................................................. CA.23A.60 v Cheatham (1886) 3 WN (NSW) 20 ............................................................................................................ CA.117.400 v Checconi (1988) 34 A Crim R 160 ........................................................................................................... CPA.154.260 v Chee [1980] VR 303 ................................................................................................................................. CPA.154.260 v Cheeseman 173 ER 202; (1836) 7 Car & P 455 ...................................................................................... CA.19A.360 v Chelmsford Justices; Ex parte Amos [1973] Crim LR 437 ............................................................................ CLP.960 v Cheney [1999] NSWCCA 312 ................................................................................................................... CA.33B.160 v Cheng (unreported, CCA (NSW), 30 November 1998) ................................................................................. CA.99.60 v Cheng (unreported, CCA (NSW), 30 September 1994) ............................................................................... CA.60.200 v Cherry (1781) 1 Leach 236n; 2 East PC 556 ......................................................................... CA.94.100, CA.117.140 v Cheshire (1864) 3 SCR (NSW) 129 ............................................................................................................. CA.94.140 v Cheshire [1991] 1 WLR 844; [1991] 3 All ER 670; (1991) 93 Cr App R 251 ...... CA.19A.300, CLP.460, CLP.540 v Chester [1982] Qd R 252; 5 A Crim R 296 ................................................................................................ CA.23A.60 v Chief Constable of Devon and Cornwall; Ex parte Central Electricity Generating Board [1982] QB 458; [1981] 3 WLR 967; [1981] 3 All ER 826 ............................................ LEPRA.9.40, LEPRA.99.180 v Chief Constable of Gloucestershire [2007] 2 AC 105; [2007] 2 WLR 46; [2007] 2 All ER 529 ............................................................................................................................................................ LEPRA.99.180 v Chief Metropolitan Magistrate; Ex parte Choudhury [1990] 3 WLR 986 ............................ CA.529.40, CA.529.100 v Child (1851) 5 Cox CC 197 ....................................................................................................................... CA.327.200 v Chin (1985) 157 CLR 671; 16 A Crim R 147; [1985] HCA 35 ................................................................... CLP.1820 v Chiron [1980] 1 NSWLR 218 ................................................................... CPA.154.200, CPA.154.220, CPA.154.240 v Chisari [2006] NSWCCA 19 ....................................................................................................... CA.27.80, CA.33.120 v Chivers [1993] 1 Qd R 432; (1991) 54 A Crim R 272 .............................................................................. CA.23A.60 v Chmait [1999] NSWCCA 217 ...................................................................................................................... CA.94.360 v Chonka [2000] NSWCCA 466 ..................................................................................................................... CA.61N.80 v Chow (1987) 11 NSWLR 561; 30 A Crim R 103 ................................................................... CLP.680, DMTA.26.60 v Chrastny (No 1) [1991] 1 WLR 1381; [1992] 1 All ER 189; (1992) 94 Cr App R 283 .............................. CLP.740

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Christ (1951) 35 Cr App R 76 .................................................................................................................... CA.117.460 Christian (1913) 23 Cox CC 541 ................................................................................................................. CA.91A.40 Christie (1914) AC 545 ..................................................................................................................... CA.Pt3.Div10.320 Christopher (1858) Bell CC 27 ................................................................................................................... CA.117.420 Christopher Smith [1997] 1 Cr App R 14 ............................................................................. CA.93C.80, CA.93C.100 Church [1966] 1 QB 59; [1965] 2 WLR 1220; (1965) 49 Cr App R 206 ............................ CA.19A.400, CLP.1320 Churchill [1967] 2 AC 224; [1967] 2 WLR 682; [1967] 1 All ER 497 ....................................................... CLP.1480 Ciantar (2006) 16 VR 26 .................................................................................................................................. CLP.580 Cicekdag (2004) 150 A Crim R 299; [2004] NSWCCA 357 .................................................................... SPA.21A.20 Cicio (1968) 87 WN (Pt 1) (NSW) 449 ..................................................................................................... CPA.21.260 Clare [1984] 2 NSWLR 522; (1984) 14 A Crim R 322 .............................................................................. CA.73.100 Clarence (1889) 22 QBD 23 ............................................................ CA.4.160, CA.61.120, CA.61.160, CA.61HA.80 Clark (1883) 15 Cox CC 171 ......................................................................................................................... CA.85.20 Clark (1918) 82 JP 295; 26 Cox CC 138 ..................................................................................................... CA.184.40 Clark (1963) 47 Cr App R 203 ......................................................................................................................... CA.8.20 Clark (1974) 23 FLR 324 ............................................................................................................................. CA.444.40 Clark (1975) 27 FLR 380 ........................................................................................................................... CA.441A.20 Clark (1991) 6 WAR 137; (1991) 52 A Crim R 180 ........................................................................................ CLP.80 Clark (1995) 78 A Crim R 226 ...................................................................................................................... CLP.2260 Clark (unreported, NSW (CCA), No 60439 of 1997, 17 April 1998) ............................. CA.61HA.40, CA.61HA.80 Clarke (1810) 2 Leach 1036 ....................................................................................................................... CA.117.260 Clarke (1866) 4 F & F 1040 ........................................................................................................................... CA.85.20 Clarke (1927) 40 CLR 227; [1927] HCA 47 ............................................................................................ CA.19A.520 Clarke [1934] QSR 23 ................................................................................................................................... CA.117.20 Clarke [1949] 2 All ER 448; (1949) 33 Cr App R 216 ............................................................................... CA.61I.60 Clarke [1959] VR 645 ......................... CA.19A.180, CA.19A.200, CA.43A.80, CA.24.220, CA.44.80, CA.345.100 Clarke [1962] VR 657 ................................................................................................................................. CPA.21.280 Clarke [1976] 2 All ER 696 ......................................................................................................................... SOA.15.40 Clarke [1986] VR 643; 21 A Crim R 135 .................................................................................................. DMTA.6.20 Clarke (1993) 71 A Crim R 58 ................................................................................................... CA.95.80, CPA.21.20 Clarke (1995) 78 A Crim R 226 ................................................................................................................... CA.121.40 Clarkson [1971] 3 All ER 344 ...................................................................................................................... CA.345.80 Clarkson (1986) 24 A Crim R 54 ............................................................................................................... CA.117.160 Clarkson [1987] VR 962; 25 A Crim R 277 .................... CA.192E.160, CA.178BA.120, CPA.19.100, CPA.19.180, CPA.21.20 Clayton (1843) 1 Car & Kir 128 .................................................................................................................. CA.345.80 Clayton (1984) 35 SASR 232 ........................................................................................... CPA.154.160, CPA.154.200 Clayton (1997) 42 NSWLR 268; 98 A Crim R 164 .................................................................................... CA.444.40 Clear [1968] 1 QB 670; (1967) 52 Cr App R 58 .......................................................................................... CA.99.60 Clegg (1868) 19 LT 47 ................................................................................................................................ CA.327.120 Clogher [1999] NSWCCA 397 ..................................................................................... CA.192G.120, CA.178BB.200 Close [1948] VLR 445 ................................................................................................................................ CA.529.160 Close (1992) 31 NSWLR 743; (1992) 65 A Crim R 55 .............................................................................. SPA.44.20 Closs 169 ER 1082; (1858) Dears & B 460 ................................................................................................ CA.250.40 Clough (1992) 28 NSWLR 396; 64 A Crim R 451 ............................................................ CA.19A.200, CA.345.100 Clouter and Heath (1859) 8 Cox CC 237 ................................................................................................ CPA.154.200 Clowes (No 2) [1994] 2 All ER 316 ....................................................................................................... CA.178A.180 Clucas [1949] 2 KB 226 ........................................................................................................................ CA.178BA.120 Clucas [1949] 2 KB 226; [1949] 2 All ER 40 ........................................................................................ CA.192E.160 Cobcroft (1966) 85 WN (Pt 1) (NSW) 608 ......................................................................... CA.249B.40, CA.249F.20 Cockburn [1968] 1 WLR 281; [1968] 1 All ER 466 ............................................................. CA.117.220, CA.118.20 Codere (1916) 12 Cr App R 21 ...................................................................................................................... CLP.1100 Cogan [1976] QB 217; [1975] 3 WLR 316; [1975] 2 All ER 1059 ........................................................... CA.61I.60 Coggins (1873) 12 Cox CC 517 ................................................................................................................. CA.188.160

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Cogley [1989] VR 799; 41 A Crim R 198 .................................................. CA.61H.20, CA.344A.80, CA.344A.100 Cohen (1851) 2 Denison 249 ...................................................................................................................... CA.117.360 Cohen (1864) 3 SCR (NSW) 348 ............................................................................................................... CA.327.160 Cohen (1944) 29 Cr App R 174 ..................................................................................................................... CA.99.60 Cole (1847) 2 Cox CC 340 ......................................................................................................................... CA.117.360 Cole (1941) 28 Cr App R 43 ...................................................................................................................... CPA.159.20 Cole [1965] 2 QB 388; 3 WLR 263; 2 All ER 29 ........................................................... CPA.154.120, CPA.156.220 Cole [1994] Crim LR 582 ............................................................................................................ CLP.2540, CLP.2560 Coleman (1783) 1 Leach 303 ...................................................................................................................... CA.117.160 Coleman (1990) 19 NSWLR 467; 47 A Crim R 306 ................... CA.4A.20, CA.4A.40, CA.19A.560, CA.428I.20, CA.428I.40, CA.428I.60, CA.5.80, CA.5.140, CA.5.200, CA.35.100, CA.60.180, CA.195.80, CLP.160 Coleman (1991) 56 A Crim R 369 ........................................................................................................... DMTA.32.40 Coles [1984] 1 NSWLR 726; (1984) 9 A Crim R 419 ............................................. CLP.740, CLP.760, DMTA.3.80 Colgan (1958) 59 SR (NSW) 96; 76 WN (NSW) 41 .................................................................................. CA.66F.60 Collett (1876) 14 SCR (NSW) 291 ............................................................................................................ CA.131.120 Collett (unreported, CCA (NSW), 7 June 1979) ............................ CA.86.140, CA.86.160, CA.86.220, CA.345.100 Collicott (1812) Russ & Ry 213; 2 Leach 1048 ...................................................................... CA.250.40, CA.250.80 Collie (1991) 56 SASR 302; 55 A Crim R 139 ................................................................... CA.345.100, CPA.21.320 Collier (1831) 5 Car & P 160 ....................................................................................................................... CA.250.40 Colling (1847) 2 Cox CC 184 ..................................................................................................................... CPA.113.40 Collingridge (1976) 16 SASR 117 ................................................ CA.344A.60, CA.344A.80, CA.27.100, CA.29.80 Collins (1844) 1 Cox CC 57 ......................................................................................................................... CA.250.40 Collins (1986) 42 SASR 47 ........................................................................................................................ CA.179.320 Collins (1989) 43 A Crim R 170 ................................................................................................................ CPA.21.260 Collins [1996] 1 Qd R 631; 76 A Crim R 204 .................................................................. CPA.21.200, CPA.154.100 Collinson (1931) 23 Cr App R 49 .................................................................................................................... CA.8.20 Collis-Smith [1971] Crim LR 716 ................................................................................ CA.192E.160, CA.178BA.120 Collister (1955) 39 Cr App R 100 .................................................................................................................. CA.99.60 Colmer (1864) 9 Cox CC 506 ........................................................................................................................ CA.85.20 Colquhoun (unreported, CCA NSW 28 Oct 1992) .......................................................................... CA.Pt3.Div10.420 Commissioner of Police; Ex p North Broken Hill Ltd (1992) 1 Tas R 99; 61 A Crim R 390 .......... LEPRA.99.180 Compston (unreported, CCA (NSW), 22 April 1993) ................................................................................ CPA.19.120 Compton (1828) 3 Car & P 418; 172 ER 482 ............................................................................................. CA.148.20 Compton (1835) 7 Car & P 139; 173 ER 62 ............................................................................................... CA.112.80 Conde (1867) 10 Cox CC 547 ...................................................................................................................... CA.24.220 Condon (1995) 83 A Crim R 335 ................................................................................. CA.192E.140, CA.178BA.140 Condon (1995) 83 A Crim R 335 ............................................................................................................... CA.197.100 Coney (1882) 8 QBD 534 ........................................... CA.545C.60, CA.45.120, CA.61.160, CA.61.240, CA.345.80 Conley (1979) 21 SASR 166 ................................................................................................................. LEPRA.48.120 Conlon (1993) 69 A Crim R 92 ........................................................................... CA.428I.60, CA.423.40, CA.423.60 Connell (unreported, Seaman J, Supreme Court, (WA) 14 September 1992) ............ CA.192G.120, CA.178BB.160 Connell [No 6] (1994) 12 WAR 133 ............................................................................................................ CPA.30.20 Connolly (1829) 2 Lew CC 229 ..................................................................................................................... CLP.1220 Connolly (1958) 76 WN (NSW) 184 ...................................................................... CA.428I.60, CLP.1080, CLP.1180 Connolly (No 2) [1991] 2 Qd R 661 ............................................................................................................ CA.94.100 Constantin Bejenaru (unreported, CCA (NSW), 11 October 1991) .......................................................... DMTA.7.40 Conway (1989) 49 CCC (3d) 289 ................................................................................................................ CPA.19.80 Conway [1989] QB 290; [1988] 3 WLR 1238; [1988] 3 All ER 1025 ..................................... CLP.2540, CLP.2820 Coogan (1787) 1 Leach 449 ......................................................................................................................... CA.250.40 Cook (1912) 8 Cr App R 91 ....................................................................................................................... CA.188.160 Cook [1954] 1 WLR 125; 1 All ER 60 ....................................................................................................... CA.91A.40 Cook (1963) 48 Cr App R 98 .................................................................................................................. CA.344A.120 Cook [1995] 2 Qd R 77; (1994) 74 A Crim R 1 ...................................................................................... CA.93B.140 Cook (unreported, CCA (NSW), 9 May 1990) ............................................................................................ CPA.21.20

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Cooke (1838) 8 Car & P 582 ................................................................................ CA.250.40, CA.250.60, CA.250.80 Cooke (1871) LR 1 CCR 295 ................................................................................................. CA.117.160, CA.125.60 Cooke (1933) 50 WN (NSW) 188 .............................................................................................................. CA.120.140 Cooke (1985) 39 SASR 225; 16 A Crim R 304 ................................................................... CA.19A.500, CA.23.220 Cooke [2007] NSWCCA 184 ........................................................................................................................ SPA.98.20 Cooney (1987) 31 A Crim R 256 ............................................................................................................... CPA.19.160 Cooper (1833) 5 Car & P 535 ...................................................................................................................... CA.346.80 Cooper (1846) 8 QB 533 .............................................................................................................................. CA.346.80 Cooper (1874) LR 2 CCP 123 .................................................................................................................... CA.166.140 Cooper (1875) 1 QBD 19 ........................................................................................................................... CA.179.300 Cooper [1877] 2 QBD 510 ......................................................................................................................... CA.179.200 Cooper (1914) 14 SR (NSW) 426; 31 WN (NSW) 164 .................................... CA.117.200, CA.124.40, CA.527.40 Cooper (1978) 17 SASR 472 .................................................................................................... CA.35.120, CA.97.140 Cooper (1979) 69 Cr App R 229 ................................................................................................................ CPA.150.20 Cooper (unreported, CCA (NSW), 17 February 1993) ............................................................................... CA.428I.40 Cooper (unreported, CCA (NSW), 24 February 1998) .............................................................................. CPA.21.380 Cooper, Shea & Stocks (1908) 24 TLR 687; 1 Cr App R 88 ..................................................................... CA.139.60 Copeland [1842] Carrington & Marshman 516 ......................................................................................... CA.179.200 Corak (1982) 30 SASR 404 .......................................................................................................................... CPA.19.40 Cordell (1983) 10 A Crim R 475 ................................................................................................................ CPA.19.160 Cornelius (1988) 34 A Crim R 49 ......................................................................................................... CA.178BA.140 Cornish (1988) 48 SASR 520; (1988) 33 A Crim R 91 ........................................................................... CA.52A.140 Cornwell [1972] 2 NSWLR 1 ....................................................................................................................... CPA.34.20 Cosgrove [1948] Tas SR 99 ...................................................................................................................... CPA.154.320 Cosgrove (1988) 34 A Crim R 299 ............................................................................................................ CPA.21.340 Coslet (1782) 1 Leach 236; 168 ER 220 ............................................................ CA.94.100, CA.94.300, CA.117.140 Cosnett (1901) 20 Cox CC 6 ................................................................................................................... CA.178C.140 Cosser (1876) 13 Cox CC 187 ................................................................................................................... CA.125.100 Costi (1987) 48 SASR 269 .................................................................................................... CPA.159.20, CPA.160.20 Costin [1998] 3 VR 659 ................................................................................................................... CA.Pt3.Div10.560 Cotesworth (1704) 6 Mod 172; 87 ER 928 ................................................................................................. CA.61.120 Cottle [1958] 1 NZLR 999 ........ CLP.220, CLP.240, CLP.260, CLP.280, CLP.340, CLP.1080, CLP.1120, CLP.1140 Cotton (1990) 48 A Crim R 311 ............................ CPA.21.80, CPA.21.100, CPA.21.120, CPA.21.320, CPA.21.340 Cottrell [1983] 1 VR 143 ...................................................................................................... CA.117.440, CA.188.160 Coughlan (1976) 63 Cr App R 33 ............................................................................................................ CPA.156.180 Coughlan (unreported, CCA (NSW), 1 June 1990) ..................................................................................... CA.95.100 Coughlan (unreported, CCA (NSW), 26 August 1977) ...................................... CA.97.220, CA.98.220, CPA.162.40 Coulson & Rusting (1850) 1 Denison 592 ................................................................................................. CA.179.200 Coulstock and Summersford (unreported, CCA (NSW), 9 October 1991) ............................................... CPA.21.360 Court [1989] AC 28; [1988] 2 WLR 1071; [1988] 2 All ER 221 ................... CA.61L.80, CA.61L.100, CA.61.100, CA.61.120, CA.61.140 Courtie [1984] AC 463; [1984] 2 WLR 330; 78 Cr App R 292 ................................................................. CA.195.20 Cousins [1982] 1 QB 526; [1982] 2 WLR 621; (1982) 74 Cr App R 363 .................................. CA.31.100, CLP.80 Coutts [2006] UKHL 39; [2006] 1 WLR 2154; [2006] 4 All ER 353 ..................................................... CPA.162.60 Coventry (1938) 59 CLR 633; [1938] HCA 31 ............................................. CA.52A.20, CA.52A.120, CA.52A.200 Cowan [1955] VLR 18 ............................................................................................ CA.24.220, CA.44.80, CA.44.140 Cowan (unreported, CCA (NSW), 15 February 1990) ................................................................................ CA.86.220 Coward (1979) 70 Cr App R 70 ............................................................................................................... CPA.154.180 Cowell (1985) 24 A Crim R 47 ................................................................................................................ CPA.154.260 Cowell & Green (1796) 2 East PC ............................................................................................................. CA.188.160 Cox (1818) Russ & Ry 362; 168 ER 846 .................................................................................. CA.4.160, CA.33.120 Cox (1858) 1 F & F 90 ............................................................................................................................... CA.188.100 Cox (1859) 1 Fos & Fin 664; 175 ER 897 .............................................................................. CA.33.120, CA.35.100 Cox [1898] 1 QB 179 ................................................................................................................................... CA.66A.80

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Cox [1923] NZLR 596 .................................................................................................................................. CA.180.20 Cox [1960] VR 665 ....................................................................................................................................... CPA.19.40 Cox [1968] 1 WLR 308; 1 All ER 386 ....................................................................................................... CA.23A.60 Cox [1999] NSWCCA 62 .............................................................................................................................. CPA.21.20 Coxhead (1845) 1 Car & Kir 623 ................................................................................................................... CA.85.20 Coyne (1905) 69 JP 151 ........................................................................................................................... CA.178C.140 Crab (1868) 11 Cox CC 85 ......................................................................................................................... CA.179.200 Crabbe (1985) 156 CLR 464; 16 A Crim R 19 .......... CA.4A.40, CA.19A.500, CA.19A.520, CA.5.120, CA.5.140, CA.178BA.120, CLP.80, CLP.1400 Crabbe [1985] 156 CLR 464; 16 A Crim R 19; [1985] HCA 22 ........................................................... CA.192E.120 Craig Laing (unreported, CCA (NSW), 20 June 1996) ......................................................................... DMTA.23.180 Craig Smith (2000) 116 A Crim R 1 ........................................................................................................ CPA.150.120 Cramp (1817) Russ & Ry 324; 168 ER 827 ................................................................................................ CA.184.40 Cramp (1880) 5 QBD 307 ................................ CA.41A.80, CA.27.80, CA.29.80, CA.39.80, CA.47.100, CA.82.60 Cramp (1999) 110 A Crim R 198; [1999] NSWCCA 324 ............................................................................ CA.24.20 Crane (1912) 7 Cr App R 113 .................................................................................................................... CA.188.160 Cranston [1988] 1 Qd R 159 ...................................................................................................................... CPA.21.200 Crawford (1845) 2 Car & K 129; 175 ER 54 .............................................................................................. CA.46.120 Crawford (1988) 36 A Crim R 182 .............................................................................................................. CPA.17.20 Crawley (1982) 5 A Crim R 451 .................................................................................................................... CA.4.160 Crawshaw (1860) 8 Cox CC 375 ................................................................................................................... CLP.1480 Creamer [1919] 1 KB 564 ..................................................................................................... CA.117.300, CA.188.100 Creamer [1966] 1 QB 72; (1965) 49 Cr App R 368 ................................................................................... CA.346.80 Creed (1843) 1 Car & Kir 63 ....................................................................................................................... CA.157.60 Crespigny (1795) 1 Esp 280 ....................................................................................................................... CA.327.180 Cresswell (1876) 1 QBD 446 ......................................................................................................................... CLP.1460 Cresswell (1987) 8 NSWLR 56; 26 A Crim R 414 ................................................................................... CA.188.240 Crichton [1915] SALR 1 ............................................................................................................ CA.546C.60, CLP.960 Crick (18 Aug 1993) The Times ................................................................................... CA.192E.120, CA.178BA.120 Cridland (1857) 7 Ellis & Blackburn 853 .................................................................................................... CA.512.80 Crimmins [1959] VR 270 ............................................................................................................................. CA.316.80 Crisologo (1997) 99 A Crim R 178 ................................................................. CA.344A.140, CLP.2260, CPA.162.80 Critchell (1864) 3 SCR (NSW) 209 ............................................................................................................. CA.125.60 Crocker (1805) Russ & Ry 97 ...................................................................................................................... CA.250.80 Croft [1944] KB 295; [1944] 2 All ER 483; (1944) 29 Cr App R 169 .................................... CA.18.20, CA.346.80 Croft [1981] 1 NSWLR 126; (1981) 3 A Crim R 307 .............................................................................. CPA.162.80 Croft [1981] 1 NSWLR 126; 3 A Crim R 307 .......................................................................... CA.23.20, CA.23.220 Crofts (unreported, CCA (NSW), 10 March 1995) .............................................................. CA.316.100, CA.316.200 Cronau (1980) 3 A Crim R 461 ................................................................................................................. CA.19A.140 Crooke (1731) 2 Stra 901 ............................................................................................................................. CA.250.40 Crookwell (1866) 5 SCR (NSW) 119 ........................................................................................................ CA.345.100 Cross (1995) 84 A Crim R 242 ....................................................................................................................... CA.7.140 Crossley (1948) 48 SR (NSW) 494; 65 WN (NSW) 225 ....................................................... CA.345.40, CA.351.60 Crowden (1911) 6 Cr App R 190 ................................................................................................................... CA.53.80 Crowe [1985] 2 Qd R 389; (1985) 16 A Crim R 478 ............................................................................... CPA.160.20 Crowley (1963) 82 WN (Pt 1) (NSW) 238 .................................................................................................. CA.180.20 Crowther (1832) 5 Car & P 316 ................................................................................................................... CA.250.60 Croydon Justices; Ex parte Dean [1993] QB 769 ...................................................................................... CPA.19.160 Crozier [1965] Qd R 133 ........................................................................................................... CA.428I.60, CLP.1180 Crozier (unreported, CCA (NSW), 8 March 1996) ............................................ CA.61J.140, CA.35.120, CA.59.120 Crump (1825) 1 Car & P 658 ..................................................................................................................... CA.117.320 Crump [1966] Qd R 340 ............................................................................................................ CA.428I.60, CLP.1180 Crump (unreported, CCA (NSW), 7 February 1975) ................................................................................... CA.60.200 Crutchley 173 ER 355; (1837) 7 Car & P 814 ......................................................................................... CA.19A.100

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Cryer (1857) Dears & Bell 324 .................................................................................................................. CA.188.160 Cullen [1951] VLR 335 ............................................................................................................................... CA.78A.20 Cullum (1873) LR 2 CCR 28 ....................................................................................................................... CA.157.60 Cumming (1995) 86 A Crim R 156 .............................................................................................. CA.7.100, CA.7.140 Cummings (1994) 12 SR (WA) 172 ........................................................................................................... CPA.19.180 Cummins (2004) 10 VR 15; (2004) 147 A Crim R 585; [2004] VSCA 164 .......................................... CA.19A.420 Cumpton (1880) 5 QBD 341 .................................................................................................. CA.546C.60, CA.58.140 Cundick (1822) 1 Dowling & Ryan NP 13 ................................................................................................ CA.117.260 Cunningham [1957] 2 QB 396; (1957) 41 Cr App R 155 ................. CA.4A.40, CA.19A.520, CA.5.100, CA.5.140 Cunningham [1981] 3 WLR 223; 73 Cr App R 253 ..................................................................................... CA.4.160 Curley (1909) 2 Cr App R 109 ....................................................................................................................... CA.59.80 Curley (1909) 2 Cr App R 96 .................................................................................................... CA.19A.320, CLP.540 Curlija [1967] SASR 1 ................................................................................................................................ CA.188.180 Curran [1983] 2 VR 133 .......................................................................................................................... LEPRA.47.20 Curren (1987) 27 A Crim R 49 ...................................................................................................................... CLP.1080 Currie [2002] NSWCCA 126 ...................................................................................................................... CPA.162.80 Curtis (1991) 55 A Crim R 209 ........................................................................... CA.428I.40, CA.428I.60, CLP.1180 Cushing (No 2) 1977 WAR 141 ............................................................................................................... CPA.156.120 Cuthbertson [1981] AC 470; [1980] 3 WLR 89; [1980] 2 All ER 401; (1980) 71 Cr App R 148 ...................................................................................................................................................... CLP.740, CLP.780 v Cutrale [2011] NSWCCA 214 ...................................................................................................................... CA.37.140 v D [1984] 3 NSWLR 29; 14 A Crim R 198 ............................................................................... CA.54.100, CLP.1300 v D [1984] AC 778; [1984] 3 WLR 186; [1984] 2 All ER 449 ................................................. CA.86.100, CA.86.240 v DBG (2002) 133 A Crim R 227 ....................................................................... CA.Pt3.Div10.540, CA.Pt3.Div10.660 v D’Eon (1764) 1 Black W 510; 96 ER 295 ................................................................................................... CPA.19.40 v DH [1997] NSWSC 259 ............................................................................................................................... CA.61H.20 v DJT [1999] NSWCCA 22 ................................................................................................................. CA.Pt3.Div10.540 v DJX (1990) 91 Cr App R 128 ...................................................................................................................... CPA.34.20 v DMC (2002) 137 A Crim R 246; [2002] NSWCCA 513 ........................................................ CA.86.140, CA.86.200 v D’Orta-Ekenaike [1998] 2 VR 140; (1997) 99 A Crim R 454 ........................................ CPA.154.100, CPA.154.280 v DRE (2006) 164 A Crim R 400 ....................................... CA.Pt3.Div10.620, CA.Pt3.Div10.640, CA.Pt3.Div10.660 v Dabelstein [1966] Qd R 411 ............................................................................................................................. CLP.120 v Dadson 169 ER 407; (1850) 2 Den 35 ........................................................................................................... CA.18.20 v Daher [1981] 2 NSWLR 669; (1981) 5 A Crim R 137 ............................................................................. CA.316.200 v Dalby [1982] 1 WLR 425; [1982] 1 All ER 916; (1982) 74 Cr App R 348 ............................. CA.24.120, CLP.420 v Dale (1889) 16 Cox CC 703 ......................................................................................................................... CA.83.120 v Daley (1879) 2 SCR (NS) (NSW) 151 ....................................................................................................... CA.117.260 v Dalley (2002) 132 A Crim R 169 ............................................................................................................ LEPRA.76.20 v Dalloz (1909) 1 Cr App R 258 ....................................................................................................................... CLP.1520 v Dally (2000) 115 A Crim R 582; [2000] NSWCCA 162 .............................................................................. CA.24.20 v Dalton (1891) 8 WN (NSW) 4 ..................................................................................................................... CPA.19.40 v Daly [1968] VR 257 ................................................................................................................................ CA.61HA.100 v Damic [1982] 2 NSWLR 750; (1982) 6 A Crim R 35 .................................................................................. CLP.1140 v Dang [2005] NSWCCA 430 .................................................................................................................... DMTA.25.220 v Dannelly and Vaughan (1816) Russ & Ry 310 ............................................................................................ CA.345.60 v Darby (1982) 148 CLR 668; 56 ALJR 688; [1982] HCA 32 ............. CLP.740, CLP.780, CPA.21.100, CPA.21.160 v Daren [1971] 2 NSWLR 423 .................................................................................................................... CPA.150.140 v Dark (1847) 1 Denison 276 ........................................................................................................................ CA.179.200 v Darling [1974] 2 NSWLR 542 ....................................................................................................................... SOA.6.40 v Darrington [1980] VR 353; (1979) 1 A Crim R 124 ............................................. CA.428I.40, CLP.2520, CLP.2640 v Dat Quoc Ho (2002) 130 A Crim R 545; [2002] NSWCCA 147 ................................................................... CLP.580 v Dat Tuan Nguyen (2001) 118 A Crim R 479; [2001] VSCA 1 ...................................................................... CLP.580 v Davenport [1954] 1 WLR 569; [1954] 1 All ER 602; (1954) 38 Cr App R 37 ................... CA.156.120, CA.157.60 v David [1939] 1 All ER 782 ........................................................................................................................... CA.432.20

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David (unreported, CCA (NSW), 10 October 1995) .............................................................................. DMTA.25.200 Davidson (1934) 25 Cr App R 21 .................................................................................................................. CA.85.20 Davidson [1969] VR 667 .............................................................................................................................. CA.83.100 Davidson (1991) 54 SASR 580; 54 A Crim R 119 .................................................................. CLP.80, LEPRA.21.20 Davies [1913] 1 KB 573 ................................................................................................................................. CA.4.240 Davies [1953] 1 QB 489; (1953) 37 Cr App R 16 .................................................................................... CA.188.240 Davies [1970] VR 27 ........................................................................................................... CA.94AA.20, CA.117.160 Davies (1974) 7 SASR 375 ......................................................................................................................... CA.327.160 Davies [1982] 1 All ER 513 .................................................................................................................. CA.178BA.120 Davies [1982] 1 All ER 513; (1982) 74 Cr App R 94 ................................................... CA.192E.120, CA.192E.160 Davies (1985) 3 NSWLR 276; 17 A Crim R 297 ........... CA.Pt3.Div10.560, CA.Pt3.Div10.580, CA.Pt3.Div10.600 Davies (unreported, CCA (NSW), 16 December 1993) ........................................................................... CPA.154.200 Davis (1823) Russ & Ry 499; 168 ER 917 .................................................................................................. CA.112.80 Davis (1833) 6 Car & P 177 ........................................................................... CA.188.100, CA.188.160, CA.188.240 Davis (1881) 14 Cox CC 563 .................................................................................................... CA.428I.60, CLP.1180 Davis (1883) 15 Cox 174 ................................................................................................................................. CLP.540 Davis [1982] 1 NZLR 584 ................................................................................................ CPA.156.200, CPA.156.280 Davis [1989] 1 Qd R 171 ........................................................................................................................... CA.188.160 Davis (1995) 81 A Crim R 156 .................................................................................................................. CPA.19.180 Davis (1998) 100 A Crim R 573 .................................................................................................................... CA.23.80 Davis [1999] NSWCCA 15 ........................................................................................................................ CA.66A.120 Davis and Hall (1806) Russ & Ry 113 ........................................................................................................ CA.345.80 Davison [1992] Crim LR 31 ........................................................................................................................ CA.93C.80 Davison & Gordon (1855) 7 Cox CC 158 ................................................................................................... CA.157.60 Dawson [1960] 1 WLR 163; [1960] 1 All ER 558; (1960) 44 Cr App R 87 ........................................ CA.178C.140 Dawson (1977) 64 Cr App R 170 ................................................................................................................. CA.94.140 Dawson [1978] VR 536 ..................................................... CA.310D.60, CLP.2520, CLP.2540, CLP.2560, CLP.2640 Dawson (1985) 81 Cr App R 150 ....................................................................................... CA.19A.320, CA.19A.360 Dawson [2000] NSWCCA 399 ..................................................................................................................... CA.38.120 Day (1844) 8 JP 186 ................................................................................................................................... CA.117.200 Day (1845) 1 Cox CC 207 ............................................................................................................................ CA.61.120 Day (1983) 9 A Crim R 445 ...................................................................................................................... CA.310D.60 Day (2000) 115 A Crim R 80; [2000] QCA 313 .................................................................. CPA.159.20, CPA.160.20 Day 173 ER 1026; (1841) 9 Car & P 722 ........................................................................ CA.61HA.40, CA.61HA.80 Dayle [1974] 1 WLR 181; [1973] 3 All ER 1151 ..................................................................... CA.4.200, CA.97.120 De Gruchy (2000) 110 A Crim R 271; [2000] NSWCCA 51 ................................................................... CPA.160.20 De Keyzer (1987) 9 NSWLR 709; 89 FLR 105 ....................................................................................... CA.52A.200 De Kuyper [1948] SASR 108 ................................................................................................................... CPA.156.180 De Marny [1907] 1 KB 388 ...................................................................................................... CA.345.60, CA.346.80 De Salvi 10 Cox CC 481n ........................................................................................................................ CPA.156.120 De Simoni (1981) 147 CLR 383; 5 A Crim R 329; [1981] HCA 31 ........... CA.52A.240, CPA.19.160, CPA.156.20 De Souza (1997) 41 NSWLR 656; (1997) 95 A Crim R 1 ......... CA.23A.60, CA.39.100, CA.44.120, CA.196.120, CA.199.120 DeMunck [1918] 1 KB 635 ......................................................................................................................... CA.91A.40 Deakins (1663) 1 Sid 142 ............................................................................................................................. CA.250.40 Dean (1896) 17 LR (NSW) 35; 12 WN (NSW) 80 ..................................................................................... CA.328.20 Dean [1932] NZLR 753 .......................................................................................................... CPA.21.20, CPA.150.40 Deana (1909) 2 Cr App R 75 ...................................................................................................... CA.18.20, CA.423.40 Debelis (1984) 36 SASR 1 ......................................................................................................................... CA.319.140 Dee (1884) 15 Cox CC 579 .............................................................................................. CA.61HA.40, CA.61HA.80 Deighton [1954] Crim LR 208 ................................................................................................................... CA.179.300 Delellis (1989) 4 CRNZ 601 ....................................................................................................................... CPA.19.160 Deleph Sing (1901) 18 WN (NSW) 81 ...................................................................................................... CA.327.120 Delk (1999) 46 NSWLR 340; 106 A Crim R 240; [1999] NSWCCA 134 ........ CA.94.140, CA.94.280, CA.94.320

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Dellapatrona (1993) 31 NSWLR 123 ........................................................................... CLP.580, CLP.780, CPA.21.80 Deller (1952) 36 Cr App R 184 .............................................................................................. CA.125.60, CA.179.200 Delon (1992) 29 NSWLR 29 ...................................................................................................................... DMTA.7.40 Demirian [1989] VR 97; (1988) 33 A Crim R 441 .............. CA.19A.160, CA.19A.200, CA.19A.400, CA.345.140, CLP.140, CLP.1320, CLP.1400 v Demirian [1989] VR 97; (1989) 33 A Crim R 441 ..................................................................................... CA.47.120 v Demirok [1976] VR 244 .................................................................................... CPA.21.80, CPA.21.320, CPA.21.380 v Dendic (1987) 34 A Crim R 40 .................................................................................................................. DMTA.3.80 v Deng (1996) 91 A Crim R 80 ............................................................................................. DMTA.6.20, DMTA.26.60 v Dent (1912) 12 SR (NSW) 544; 29 WN (NSW) 124 ................................................................................ CA.327.160 v Dent [1955] 2 QB 590 ................................................................................................................................ CA.179.200 v Denyer [1926] 2 KB 258; (1926) 19 Cr App R 93 ....................................................................................... CA.99.60 v Deputy Chairman of Inner London Quarter Sessions; Ex parte Metropolitan Police Commissioner [1970] 2 QB 80; (1969) 54 Cr App R 49 ............................................................................. CPA.17.20 v Derbas (1993) 66 A Crim R 327 ................................................................... DMTA.3.80, DMTA.6.20, DMTA.25.80 v Derham (1843) 1 Cox CC 56 ......................................................................................................................... CA.85.20 v Deutsch (1986) 30 DLR (4th) 435; 27 CCC (3d) ..................................................................................... CA.344A.60 v Dexter, Laidler & Coates (1899) 19 Cox CC 360 ....................................................................................... CA.172.40 v Dhillon [1997] 2 Cr App R 104 .................................................................................................................. CPA.162.60 v Dhillon (unreported, NSW CCA, 26 April 1989) .......................................................................................... CA.61.20 v Di Duca (1959) 43 Cr App R 167 ............................................................................................................... CA.23A.60 v Diamond (1920) 84 JP 211 ............................................................................................................................. CA.26.40 v Dias [2002] 2 Cr App R 5; [2002] Crim LR 490 .......................................................................................... CA.39.80 v Dib (1991) 52 A Crim R 64 ......... CA.7.20, CA.7.80, CA.7.100, CA.7.140, DMTA.7.20, DMTA.7.40, DMTA.7.60 v Dib (2002) 134 A Crim R 329 .................................................................................................................. CPA.154.180 v Dickinson (1820) Russ & Ry 420 ......................................................................................... CA.117.220, CA.117.320 v Dickson (1865) 4 SCR (NSW) 298 ...................................................................................... CA.117.200, CA.188.180 v Dillon (1878) 1 SCR (NS) (NSW) 159 ...................................................................................................... CA.117.200 v Dillon [1982] AC 484 ................................................................................................................................. CA.310D.60 v Dimes (1912) 7 Cr App R 43 .................................................................................................................... CA.78A.100 v Dimian (1995) 83 A Crim R 358 .......................................................................................... CPA.293.40, CPA.293.60 v Dimond (2000) 118 A Crim R 188; [2000] NSWSC 1212 .......................................................................... SPA.44.40 v Dimozantos (1991) 56 A Crim R 345 .............................................................................................................. CLP.960 v Dinh (2010) 199 A Crim R 573; [2010] NSWCCA 74 ......................................... CA.47.20, CA.47.120, CA.47.160 v Diru [1963] P & NGLR 115 ............................................................................................................................. CLP.120 v Dittmar [1973] 1 NSWLR 722 ............................................................................................ CA.527A.80, CA.527C.60 v Dix (1982) 74 Cr App R 306 ......................................................................................................................... CLP.1140 v Dixon (1855) 7 Cox CC 35 ........................................................................................................................ CA.117.420 v Dixon (1992) 28 NSWLR 215; (1992) 62 A Crim R 465 ........................................................................ CA.19A.440 v Dixon [1993] Crim LR 579 ........................................................................................................................ CA.93C.100 v Dixon-Jenkins (1985) 14 A Crim R 372 ............................................................ CA.199.100, CA.199.140, CLP.2820 v Doan (2000) 50 NSWLR 115; (2000) 115 A Crim R 497; [2000] NSWCCA 317 ........... CA.310D.80, CPA.267.20 v Dobos (1984) 58 ACTR 10; 13 A Crim R 306 ...................................................................... CA.311.20, CA.327.160 v Dodd (1974) 7 SASR 151 ........................................................................................ CA.19A.140, CLP.160, CLP.1180 v Dodd [1985] 2 Qd R 277 .............................................................................................................................. CA.328.20 v Dodd (1991) 56 A Crim R 451 ..................... CPA.19.160, CPA.156.20, CPA.156.100, CPA.156.180, CPA.156.240, DMTA.25.80, DMTA.29.40 v Dodd [No 2] [1985] 2 Qd R 282 .................................................................................................................. CPA.36.20 v Dodge [1972] 1 QB 416; (1971) 55 Cr App R 440 .................................................................................... CA.250.40 v Dolan (1855) 6 Cox CC 449 ....................................................................................................................... CA.188.160 v Dolloway (1847) 2 Cox CC 273 ................................................................................................................ CA.19A.440 v Domican (1989) 43 A Crim R 24 ....................................................................... CA.26.20, CPA.21.100, CPA.21.320 v Donald (1983) 34 SASR 10; 11 A Crim R 47 ........................................................................................... CPA.19.160 v Donnelly (1779) 1 Leach 193; 168 ER 199 ............................................................................... CA.94.60, CA.94.140

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Donnelly (1835) 1 Mood 438 ....................................................................................................................... CA.250.40 Donnelly [1970] NZLR 980 ....................................................................................................................... CA.344A.80 Donohue [1914] VLR 195 .............................................................................................................................. CA.85.20 Donohue (unreported, CCA (NSW), 2 August 1993) .............................................................................. DMTA.29.40 Donovan (1930) 21 Cr App R 20 ..................................................................................................................... CLP.580 Donovan [1934] 2 KB 498; (1936) 25 Cr App R 1 ..................... CA.51A.120, CA.35.100, CA.39.100, CA.48.100, CA.53.100, CA.59.100, CA.60.160, CA.61.160, CA.61.300, CA.95.80, CLP.80 Doody (1854) 6 Cox CC 463 ....................................................................................................................... CA.31A.20 Doorey & Gage [1970] 3 NSWR 351 ........................................................................................................ CA.345.100 Dorain & Francisco (unreported, CCA (NSW), 24 August 1995) ............................................................ CPA.19.160 Dorking Justices [1984] 1 AC 743 ........................................................................................................... CPA.156.140 Dorrington [1969] 1 NSWR 381 .................................................................................................................. CPA.30.20 Dossi (1918) 13 Cr App R 158 ..................................................................................................................... CPA.21.20 Douglas (1926) 19 Cr App R 119 ................................................................................................................. CA.117.20 Douglas [2000] NSWCCA 275 ................................................................................................................... CPA.21.400 Douglass (1808) 7 Carrington & Payne 785 .............................................................................................. CA.179.200 Douglass (1865) 4 SCR (NSW) 157 ........................................................................................................ CPA.156.120 Doulton (1832) 5 Car & P 329 .................................................................................................................. CA.19A.100 Dovey and Gray (1851) 4 Cox CC 428 ..................................................................................................... CA.345.100 Dowdle (1900) 26 VLR 637 ....................................................................................................................... CA.345.100 Dowey (1868) 37 LJMC 52 ........................................................................................................................ CA.179.200 Downes (1875) 1 QBD 25 .......................................................................................................... CA.24.220, CA.53.80 Downey (1997) 97 A Crim R 41 ............................................................................................................... CA.442B.20 Downing (1844) 1 Den 52; 169 ER 146 .................................................................................................... CPA.21.160 Downs (1985) 3 NSWLR 312; 18 A Crim R 75 ......................... CA.19A.20, CA.19A.60, CA.19A.560, CA.423.80 Doyle [1988] 2 Qd R 434; 30 A Crim R 379 .......................................................................................... CPA.156.140 Doyle (unreported CCA NSW 13 April 1993) ................................................................................ CA.Pt3.Div10.320 Draca [2015] NSWSC 1150 ......................................................................................................................... BA.16A.40 Draper (1870) 1 VR (L) 39 ........................................................................................................................... CA.157.60 Draper (1930) 21 Cr App R 147 ................................................................................................................ CA.78A.100 Drew [1985] 1 WLR 914; [1985] 2 All ER 1061; (1985) 81 Cr App R 190 ......................................... CPA.154.200 Dring 169 ER 1027; (1857) Dears & B 329 .............................................................................................. CA.188.220 Drinkwater (1740) 1 Leach 15 .................................................................................................................... CA.186.100 Driscoll (1841) Car & M 214 ....................................................................................................................... CA.423.40 Drozd (1993) 67 A Crim R 112 .................................................................................................................. CPA.19.160 Druitt (1867) 10 Cox CC 592 .......................................................................................................................... CLP.760 Drummond (No 2) (1990) 46 A Crim R 408 ............................................................................................. CPA.21.400 Drury (1848) 3 Car & K 190; 175 ER 516 ...................................................................... CPA.156.140, CPA.156.220 Dudley (1884) 14 QBD 273 ..................................................................................... CA.27.120, CLP.2640, CLP.2820 Duell [1964] Qd R 451 ..................................................................................... CA.Pt3.Div10.400, CA.Pt3.Div10.480 Duffield (1992) 28 NSWLR 638; 64 A Crim R 18 ................................................................ CPA.66.40, CPA.154.20 Duffill (1843) 1 Cox CC 49 ............................................................................................................................ CA.27.80 Duffy (1880) 6 VLR (L) 430 ........................................................................................................................ CA.24.220 Duffy (1901) 18 WN (NSW) 28 ..................................................................................................................... CA.84.60 Duffy [1949] 1 All ER 932 ........................................................................................................................... CA.23.120 Duffy [1967] 1 QB 63; [1966] 2 WLR 229; 1 All ER 62; (1965) 50 Cr App R 68 ................................. CA.423.80 Dugan [1984] 2 NSWLR 554 ............................................................................................... CA.114.120, CA.114.160 Dugdale (1853) 1 El & Bl 435; 118 ER 499 ................................................................................................... CA.7.60 Duggan (unreported, WA CCA, 7 May 1997) .......................................................................................... CPA.150.180 Duguid (1906) 94 LT 887 ................................................................................................................................. CLP.740 Dumas (unreported, CCA (NSW), 20 November 1995) ............................................................................ CPA.19.160 Dunbar [1958] 1 QB 1; (1957) 41 Cr App R 182 ...................................................................................... CA.23A.60 Duncan (1881) 7 QBD 198 ................................................................................................. CPA.156.40, CPA.156.140 Dundas (1853) 6 Cox CC 380 .................................................................................................................... CA.179.200

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Dungay (2001) 126 A Crim R 216; [2001] NSWCCA 443 ................................................................... LEPRA.99.60 Dungey (1864) 4 F & F 99; 176 ER 487 ..................................................................................................... CA.61.140 Dunks (1982) 8 A Crim R 267 .................................................................................................................. CA.310D.60 Dunn (1840) 12 A & E 599 ....................................................................................................................... LEPRA.9.40 Dunn (1843) 1 Car & K 730; 174 ER 1009 .............................................................................................. CPA.113.40 Dunn (1930) 47 WN (NSW) 79 ................................................................................................................. CA.345.100 Dunn (2004) 144 A Crim R 180; [2004] NSWCCA 41 ......................................................................... DPVA.13.120 Dunn (unreported, CCA (NSW), 15 April 1992) ........................................................................................ CA.61I.100 Dunn & Smith (1826) 1 Mood 146 ............................................................................................................ CA.188.240 Dunne (unreported, CCA (NSW), 1 Mar 1993) ........................................................................................ CA.52A.120 Dunnington [1984] 2 WLR 125 ................................................................................................................. CA.344A.80 Dunston (1824) Ry & Mood 109 ................................................................................................................ CA.327.160 Duong (1992) 61 A Crim R 140 ........................................................................................... CA.345.100, CA.345.140 During [1973] 1 NZLR 366 ........................................................................................................................ DMTA.3.80 Durovic (1994) 4 Tas R 113; 71 A Crim R 33 .......................................................................................... CPA.19.180 Duru [1974] 1 WLR 2; [1973] 3 All ER 715; (1974) 58 Cr App R 151 ..................... CA.178C.140, CA.192E.120, CA.192E.160, CA.178BA.120 Dutt (1912) 8 Cr App R 51 ......................................................................................................................... CA.179.260 Dutton (1979) 21 SASR 356 ......................................................................................................................... CA.23.100 Dwer [1962] Qd R 84 ................................................................................................................................... CA.117.20 Dwerryhouse (1847) 2 Cox CC 446 ............................................................................................................. CPA.34.20 Dwyer [1999] NSWCCA 47 ............................................................................................................. CA.Pt3.Div10.540 Dyer (1801) 2 East PC 767 ........................................................................................................................... CA.345.80 Dykyj (1993) 29 NSWLR 672; (1993) 66 A Crim R 567 ...................................................... CA.188.180, CLP.1300 Dyos [1979] Crim LR 660 ......................................................................................................................... CA.19A.440 Dyson (1823) Russ & Ry 523 ...................................................................................................................... CA.345.80 Dyson [1908] 2 KB 454; (1909) 1 Cr App R 13 ............................................................... CA.19A.360, CA.19A.380 Dziduch (1990) 47 A Crim R 378 .................................................................... CA.423.60, CA.423.100, CA.423.140 EAS (unreported, CCA (NSW), 26 July 1990) ........................................................................................ DMTA.29.40 EMJ (2001) 27 SR (WA) 265 ......................................................................................................................... CLP.1300 Eade (2002) 131 A Crim R 390; [2002] NSWCCA 257 .................... CA.61N.80, CLP.900, CLP.960, DMTA.27.20 Eagleton (1854) Dears CC 515; 169 ER 826 ............................................................................................ CA.344A.60 Earl of Somerset (1616) 2 State Tr 965 ....................................................................................................... CA.346.80 Easom [1971] 2 QB 315 ............................................................................................................................. CA.117.320 Eastwood (1998) 114 A Crim R 448; [1998] VSCA 42 .......................................................................... CA.61HA.80 Ebbage (1930) 22 Cr App R 50 .................................................................................................................. CA.117.460 Ebsworth (1854) 1 SCR (NSW) (App) 24 ................................................................................................... CA.345.80 Economou (1989) 51 SASR 421; 44 A Crim R 88 ............................................................ CPA.113.40, CPA.156.140 Edelsten (1989) 18 NSWLR 213; 45 A Crim R 289 ....................................... CA.319.140, CPA.19.100, CPA.30.20 Edelsten (1990) 51 A Crim R 397 ................................................................................................................ CPA.19.40 Edgar (1913) 9 Cr App R 13 ........................................................................................................................ CA.547.20 Edigarov (2001) 125 A Crim R 551; [2001] NSWCCA 436 .............................................. CA.60.200, DPVA.13.120 Edmeads (1828) 3 Car & P 390 ................................................................................................................. CA.345.100 Edmonds [1963] 2 QB 142; (1963) 47 Cr App R 114 .................................................................................. CA.7.140 Edmunds (1909) 25 TLR 658 .................................................................................................................... CA.19A.360 Edwards (1838) 8 Car & P 611; 173 ER 640 ................................................................................................ CA.44.80 Edwards (1843) 1 Cox CC 32 ...................................................................................................................... CA.94.140 Edwards (1877) 13 Cox CC 384 ........................................................................................... CA.117.260, CA.117.280 Edwards [1913] 1 KB 287; (1912) 8 Cr App R 128 ................................................................................... CA.117.20 Edwards [1956] QWN 16 ............................................................................................................................... CA.80.20 Edwards [1975] QB 27; [1974] 3 WLR 285; [1974] 2 All ER 1085 ....................................................... CA.316.200 Edwards [1998] 2 VR 354; (1997) 94 A Crim R 204 ............................................................................... CPA.19.160 Egan (1897) 23 VLR 159 ............................................................................................................................. CA.24.220 Egan (1985) 15 A Crim R 20 ............................................................. CA.428I.40, CA.428I.60, CA.5.180, CLP.1180

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Egan [1992] 4 All ER 470; (1992) 95 Cr App R 278 ................................................................................ CA.23A.60 El-Azzi [2004] NSWCCA 455 ......................................................................................................................... CLP.760 El-Zeyat (2002) 54 NSWLR 319; [2002] NSWCCA 138 ........................................................................... CA.315.20 El Azzi (2001) 125 A Crim R 113; [2001] NSWCCA 397 ............................................................................. CLP.760 El Masri [2005] NSWCCA 167 ................................................................................................... CA.94.360, SPA.8.10 El Zarw [1994] 2 Qd R 67; (1991) 58 A Crim R 200 ................................................................................ CPA.17.20 Eldershaw (1828) 3 Car & P 396 ................................................................................................................. CA.345.80 Eldridge [1976] 2 NSWLR 449 .................................................................................................................... CA.442.20 Elfar (2000) 115 A Crim R 64; [2000] NSWCCA 255 ................................................... CPA.162.60, DMTA.25.160 Elia [1968] 2 All ER 587 .......................................................................................................................... CPA.156.140 Elias (1948) 65 WN (NSW) 285 .................................................................................................................. CA.60.120 Ellames (1974) 60 Cr App R 7 ....................................................................................................................... CA.7.120 Ellem [No 2] [1995] 2 Qd R 549; (1994) 75 A Crim R 370 .................................................................... CPA.160.20 Elliot (1777) 1 Leach 175 ......................................................................................................... CA.250.40, CA.250.80 Elliott [1908] 2 KB 452 ................................................................................................................................ CA.438.20 Elliott [1983] 3 NSWLR 318; 9 A Crim R 238 .............................. CA.23A.60, CA.95.80, CA.98.160, CA.345.100 Ellis [1899] 1 QB 230 ............................................................................................................. CA.179.320, CA.180.20 Ellis [1910] 2 KB 746 ................................................................................................................................. CA.179.300 Ellis (1973) 57 Cr App R 571 .................................................................................................................... CPA.154.20 Ellis (1993) 68 A Crim R 449 ...................................................................................................................... CA.97.240 Ellis (unreported, CCA (NSW), 27 February 1987) ....................................................... DMTA.25.200, DMTA.29.40 Elms (2004) 61 NSWLR 703; [2004] NSWCCA 467 .............................................................................. CA.105A.20 Elrington (1861) 1 B & S 688; 121 ER 870 .................................................................... CPA.156.100, CPA.156.180 Elsom (1975) 12 SASR 416 ....................................................................................................................... CA.188.240 Elsworth (1780) 2 East PC 986 .................................................................................................................... CA.250.40 Elsworthy (1996) 39 NSWLR 450 ................................................................................................... CA.Pt3.Div10.320 Elton [1910] VLR 1 ...................................................................................................................................... CA.250.60 Emery (1975) 11 SASR 169 ..................................................................................................... CA.94.100, CA.94.140 Emery (1978) 18 A Crim R 49 ....................................................................................................................... CLP.2520 Emmett [1905] VLR 718 ............................................................................................................................ CA.126.220 Engert (1995) 84 A Crim R 67 .................................................................................................................... CA.23A.60 English (1989) 17 NSWLR 149 ................................................................................................................. CA.527C.80 English (1993) 10 WAR 355; 68 A Crim R 96 ................................................................ CA.344A.80, CA.344A.100 Epps (1864) 4 F & F 81 ............................................................................................................................... CA.250.40 Erohin [2006] NSWCCA 102 ........................................................................................................... CA.Pt3.Div10.640 Errington (2005) 157 A Crim R 553; [2005] NSWCCA 348 ................................................................... CA.52A.240 Esop (1836) 7 Car & P 456; 173 ER 203 ..................................................................................................... CLP.1480 Esposito (1998) 45 NSWLR 442; 105 A Crim R 27 ................................................................................. CPA.281.20 Essex (1857) Dearsly & Bell 369 .................................................................................................................. CLP.1460 Etheridge (1901) 19 Cox CC 676 ................................................................................................................. CA.250.40 Etherington (1795) 2 Leach 671; 168 ER 437 ............................................................................................. CA.149.40 Evans (1812) unreported (see Russell on Crime, 12th ed (1964) p 414) ................................................ CA.19A.320 Evans (1916) 12 Cr App R 8 ...................................................................................................................... CA.117.460 Evans [1963] 1 QB 412; [1962] 3 WLR 1457; [1962] 3 All ER 1086 ................................................... CA.52A.200 Evans [1964] VR 717 .......................................................................................................... CA.78A.20, CA.178A.180 Evans (1973) 5 SASR 183 .............................................................................................................................. CA.29.80 Evans (1987) 48 SASR 35; 30 A Crim R 262 .................................................................... CA.344A.60, CPA.162.80 Evans & Smith (1842) Car & M 298; 174 ER 515 ....................................................................................... CA.4.220 Evans (No 1) [1976] VR 517 ......................................................................................................................... CLP.2640 Evans [No 2] [1976] VR 523 ........ CA.19A.160, CA.19A.280, CA.19A.300, CA.19A.340, CA.19A.380, CLP.440, CLP.500 R v Evenett (1987) 24 A Crim R 330 ................................................................................................................ CA.117.360 R v Everingham (1949) 66 WN (NSW) 122 ....................................................................................................... CA.61.140 R v Exall (1866) 4 F & F 922; 176 ER 850 .......................................................................................................... CLP.580

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F (1956) 57 SR (NSW) 543; 74 WN (NSW) 211 .............................................................. CA.52A.180, CA.52A.260 F (1996) 40 NSWLR 245; 89 A Crim R 250 ............................ CA.19A.100, CA.52A.20, CA.52A.160, CA.24.120 F (1996) 90 A Crim R 356 ........................................................................................................................ DMTA.25.80 Fahda [1999] NSWCCA 267 ................................................................................................................... DPVA.13.120 Fahey; R v Lindsay (1978) 19 SASR 577 ................................................................................................. CA.423.140 Fairbairn [1949] 2 KB 690 ....................................................................................................................... CA.546B.140 Fairbanks [1986] 1 WLR 1202; (1986) 83 Cr App R 251 ........................................................................ CPA.162.60 Fairbrother (1909) 1 Cr App R 233 ........................................................................................................... CA.19A.660 Fairclough (1997) 95 A Crim R 188 .......................................................................................................... CPA.19.160 Fairley (2004) 40 MVR 403; [2004] VSCA 15 ............................................................ CA.52AB.160, CA.52AB.200 Falconer (1990) 171 CLR 30; 50 A Crim R 244 .................. CA.19A.140, CA.61.80, CLP.160, CLP.220, CLP.240, CLP.260, CLP.280, CLP.300, CLP.320, CLP.340, CLP.1060, CLP.1080, CLP.1120, CLP.1140, CLP.1160, CLP.1540 v Falkingham (1865-72) LR 1 CCR 222 ......................................................................................................... CA.44.120 v Fallon (1963) 47 Cr App R 160 ................................................................................................................... CA.94.100 v Fallon (1981) 28 SASR 394; 4 A Crim R 411 .......................................................................................... CA.188.180 v Fallows (1948) 65 TLR 93 ......................................................................................................................... CA.188.100 v Farid (1945) 30 Cr App R 168 ..................................................................................................................... CA.83.120 v Farlow [1980] 2 NSWLR 166 ................................................................................................................... CA.310D.60 v Farnborough [1895] 2 QB 484 ............................................................................ CA.428I.60, CA.117.320, CLP.1180 v Farr (1663) T Raym 81; 83 ER 44 ............................................................................................................... CA.250.40 v Farr (1994) 74 A Crim R 405 ....................................................................................................................... CPA.34.20 v Farrar (1983) 78 FLR 10 ............................................................................................................................... CA.97.120 v Farrar [1992] 1 VR 207; 53 A Crim R 387 ................................................................................................... CA.23.20 v Farrar (unreported, CCA (NSW), 6 May 1991)) .......................................................................................... CA.24.120 v Farrell (1787) 1 Leach 322 ........................................................................................................................... CA.94.100 v Farrell (1862) 9 Cox CC 446 ........................................................................................................................ CA.576.20 v Farrell [1964] NSWR 1143 .......................................................................................................................... CA.428I.60 v Farrell, Dingle and Woodward (1831) Legge 5 ................................................................... CA.188.100, CA.188.180 v Farrow (1857) Dears & B 164 ........................................................................................................................ CA.83.80 v Faure [1999] 2 VR 537; [1999] VSCA 166 .............................................................................................. CA.19A.500 v Fawcett (1793) 2 East PC 862 ...................................................................................................................... CA.250.40 v Fedler (1989) 42 A Crim R 5 ..................................................................................................................... CA.345.100 v Feely [1973] 1 QB 530 .......................................................................................................... CA.117.220, CA.117.260 v Feely [1973] QB 530; [1973] 2 WLR 201; [1973] 1 All ER 341 ............................................................ CA.197.100 v Fejsa (1995) 82 A Crim R 253 ..................................................................................................................... CPA.64.60 v Felixstowe Justices; Ex parte Leigh [1987] 1 QB 582; [1987] 2 WLR 380; [1987] 1 All ER 551 ................................................................................................................................................................... CPA.56.40 v Fennell [1971] 1 QB 428; [1970] 3 WLR 513; [1970] 3 All ER 215 ............................... CA.546C.100, CA.58.200 v Fenwick (1953) 54 SR (NSW) 147; 71 WN (NSW) 102 .................................................... CA.345.100, CPA.21.160 v Ferguson (1913) 9 Cr App R 113 ............................................................................................................... CA.179.300 v Ferguson (1974) 75 A Crim R 31 ............................................................................................. CA.61.120, CA.61.160 v Ferguson [1991] 1 Qd R 35; 45 A Crim R 257 ......................................................................................... CPA.113.40 v Ferguson (unreported, CCA (NSW), 8 May 1986) ...................................................................................... CA.121.40 v Fernando (1992) 76 A Crim R 58 ................................................................................................................. SPA.44.20 v Fernando [1999] NSWCCA 66 .................................................... CPA.21.80, CPA.21.100, CPA.21.120, CPA.21.320 v Ferrer-Esis (1991) 55 A Crim R 231 ........................................................................................................ CPA.154.200 v Ferrers (1666) 1 Sid 278; 82 ER 1104 ......................................................................................................... CA.250.40 v Fetineiai (unreported, CCA (NSW), 16 July 1993) ............................................................... CA.428I.40, CA.428I.60 v Fiak (2005) EWC Crim 2381 ..................................................................................................................... CA.195.100 v Fidow [2004] NSWCCA 172 ........................................................................................................................ SPA.44.40 v Field (1964) 48 Cr App R 335 ................................................................................................................... CA.319.140 v Fields [1991] Crim LR 38 ........................................................................................................................... CPA.150.60 v Fien [1962] NSWR 134 .............................................................................................................................. CA.188.160 v Files [1983] 2 Qd R 153 .............................................................................................................................. CA.23A.60

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Filippetti (1978) 13 A Crim R 335 .................................................................... CA.19A.220, CA.7.100, DMTA.7.40 Finch (1834) 1 Mood 418 ............................................................................................................................. CA.139.60 Findlater [1939] 1 KB 594; (1940) 27 Cr App R 24 .................................................................................... CLP.1480 Fing (unreported, CCA (NSW), 4 October 1994) ...................................................................................... SPA.10.100 Finkelstein and Truscovitch (1886) 16 Cox CC 107 ................................................................................. CA.250.120 Finlayson (1864) 3 SCR (NSW) 301 ......................................................................................................... CA.126.200 Finnie [2002] NSWCCA 533 ................................................................................................................... CA.176A.100 Finnie (No 2) [2004] NSWCCA 150 ............................................................................................................ SPA.43.20 Firth (1869) LR 1 CCR 172 .................................................................................................... CA.117.260, CA.119.40 Fisher (1865) LR 1 CCR 7 ......................................................................................................................... CA.195.100 Fisher [1910] 1 KB 149 .............................................................................................................................. CA.179.300 Fisher (1910) 5 Cr App R 102; 103 LT 320 ........................................................................ CA.117.160, CA.117.360 Fisher (2002) 54 NSWLR 467 ........................................................................................................................ CA.61.60 Fisher (2003) 56 NSWLR 625; 138 A Crim R 318 ................................................................................... CPA.19.160 Fitzgerald (1889) 15 VLR 40 ........................................................................................................................ CPA.34.20 Fitzpatrick (1926) 19 Cr App R 91 ................................................................................................................ CA.5.120 Fitzpatrick [1977] NI 20 ................................................................................................................................. CLP.2620 Fitzpatrick (1988) 50 SASR 10 ............................................................................. CA.95.100, CA.97.220, CA.98.220 Flaherty [1968] 3 NSWR 734; (1968) 89 WN (Pt 1) (NSW) 141 ............................................................ CPA.21.120 Flaherty 175 ER 328; (1847) 2 Car & Kir 782 ........................................................................................ CA.78A.100 Flanagan (1867) 10 Cox CC 561 .................................................................................................................. CA.155.40 Flatt [1996] Crim LR 576 ............................................................................................................................... CLP.2580 Flattery (1876-77) LR 2 QBD 410 ....................................................................................... CA.61.160, CA.61HA.80 Fleeton (1964) 64 SR (NSW) 72; [1964–5] NSWR 63; 81 WN (Pt 2) (NSW) 269 ................. CLP.1100, CLP.1140 Fleming [1989] Crim LR 658 .................................................................................................................... CA.93B.100 Fletcher (1862) Le & Ca 180; 169 ER 1353 ................................................................................................. CA.4.240 Fletcher-Jones (1994) 75 A Crim R 381 ................................................................................... CA.428I.60, CLP.1180 Flood (1869) 8 SCR (NSW) (L) 299 ............................................................................................................ CA.117.20 Flood (1914) 10 Cr App R 227 .................................................................................................................. CPA.162.80 Flowers (1886) 16 QBD 643 ...................................................................................................................... CA.117.400 Flynn (1867) 16 WR 319 .................................................................................................................................. CLP.540 Fogg (1864) 3 SCR (NSW) 33 ................................................................................................................... CA.188.160 Foley (1889) 26 LR Ir 299 .......................................................................................................................... CA.117.260 Foley [1963] NSWR 1270; (1962) 80 WN (NSW) 726 .................................................. CPA.154.100, CPA.154.200 Fong (unreported, CCA (NSW), 20 November 1996) ............................................................................. DMTA.29.40 Foord (1986) 20 A Crim R 267 .................................................................................................................. CA.319.120 Forbes (1835) 7 Car & P 224 ....................................................................................................................... CA.250.60 Forbes and Webb (1865) 10 Cox CC 362 ............................................................................. CA.546C.80, CA.58.180 Ford (1853) 1 Legge 777 .................................................................................................................................. CLP.960 Forde [1923] 2 KB 400; (1924) 17 Cr App R 99 ............................................................ CPA.154.200, CPA.154.220 Fordham (1997) 98 A Crim R 359 ............................................................................................................. CPA.293.60 Foreman (1913) 9 Cr App R 216 ............................................................................................................... CA.188.160 Forest of Dean Justices; Ex parte Farley [1990] RTR 228 ........................................................................ CPA.19.160 Forgione [1969] SASR 248 ............................................................................................................................. CA.26.40 Foster (1852) 6 Cox CC 25 ........................................................................................................................ CA.195.100 Foster (1877) 2 QBD 301 ........................................................................................................................... CA.179.200 Foster [1985] QB 115; [1984] 3 WLR 401; [1984] 2 All ER 679 ......................................................... CPA.154.320 Foster (1995) 78 A Crim R 517 ................................... CA.19A.540, CA.94.60, CA.94.140, CA.94.280, CA.97.120 Foster [2001] NSWCCA 215 ......................................................................................................................... SPA.12.20 Foulkes (1875) LR 2 CCR 150 ..................................................................................................................... CA.155.40 Fowler (1985) 39 SASR 440 .................................................................................................................... CPA.154.260 Fowler (2003) 151 A Crim R 166; [2003] NSWCCA 321 ............................................................................. CLP.580 Fox [1986] 2 Qd R 402; 17 A Crim R 180 ................................................................................................ DMTA.6.20 Foy (1922) 39 WN (NSW) 20 ........................................................................................................................ CLP.1140

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Foy [1960] Qd R 225 ...................................................................................................................................... CLP.1080 Francipane (unreported, CCA (NSW), 23 December 1998) .......................................... CA.178A.100, CA.178A.160 Francis (1874) LR 2 CCR 128 ................................................................................................................... CA.179.300 Francis (1989) 88 Cr App R 127 ........................................................................................... CA.61L.100, CA.61N.80 Francis [1993] 2 Qd R 300 ....................................................................................................................... CA.61HA.80 Franco (2006) 168 A Crim R 322; [2006] VSCA 302 .................................................................................. CLP.2660 Franklin (1864) 4 Foster & Finlason 94 ..................................................................................................... CA.179.200 Fraser (1923) 17 Cr App R 182 ................................................................................................ CA.179.80, CPA.21.20 Frawley (1993) 69 A Crim R 208 ............................................................................. CLP.120, CPA.19.40, CPA.36.20 Free (1983) 9 A Crim R 362 ....................................................................................................................... CA.179.240 Freeman (1833) 5 Car & P 534 .................................................................................................................... CA.155.40 Freeman [1980] VR 1 ....................................................... CA.Pt3.Div10.320, CA.Pt3.Div10.480, CA.Pt3.Div10.500 Freeman [1981] 2 NSWLR 686; 4 A Crim R 55 ....................................................................................... CA.179.220 Freeman (1985) 3 NSWLR 303; 17 A Crim R 272 .................................................................. CA.319.140, CLP.740 Freeman (1995) 78 A Crim R 53 ..................................................................................................... CA.Pt3.Div10.500 Freer (1979) 39 FLR 193 .......................................................................................................................... CPA.154.200 Freeth (1807) Russell & Ryan 127 ............................................................................................................. CA.179.200 Fretwell (1864) Leigh & Cave 443; 169 ER 1465 ...................................................................................... CA.33.120 Frew (1867) 7 SCR (NSW) 111 ................................................................................................................. CA.131.120 Fricker (1986) 42 SASR 436; 23 A Crim R 147 ......................................................................................... CA.423.60 Friel (1890) 17 Cox CC 325 ..................................................................................................................... CPA.156.100 Frier (unreported, CCA (NSW), 26 February 1997) ............................................................................... CA.178A.160 Frith [1914] VLR 658 ................................................................................................................................ CA.78A.100 Frost (1964) 48 Cr App R 284 ................................................................................................................... CA.188.160 Fry (1858) Dearsly & Bell 449 ................................................................................................................... CA.179.200 Fry (1992) 58 SASR 424; 63 A Crim R 263 ....................................................................... CA.423.120, CA.423.140 Fry & Webb (1837) 2 Mood & R 42; 174 E.R. 208 ................................................................................... CA.97.120 Fryer (1912) 7 Cr App R 183 .................................................................................................................. CA.178C.140 Fuge (2001) 123 A Crim R 310; [2001] NSWCCA 208 ......................................... CA.94.240, CA.117.200, CLP.80 Fuller (1982) 6 A Crim R 424 ............................................................................................. CA.19A.500, CA.345.100 Fuller [2001] NSWCCA 390 ............................................................................ CA.Pt3.Div10.300, CA.Pt3.Div10.320 Fuschillo [1940] 2 All ER 489 ................................................................................................................... CA.188.100 G [1974] 1 NSWLR 31 .............................................................................................. CA.319.140, CLP.740, CLP.780 G (1989) 98 FLR 32 ................................................................................................................................... CA.78A.160 G (1997) 42 NSWLR 451 ..................................................................................................... CPA.293.60, CPA.293.80 G [2003] UKHL 50 ........................................................................................................................................ CA.4A.40 G (unreported, Tas CCA, 25 June 1993) .................................................................................................. CA.61HA.80 GAE (2000) 1 VR 198; (2000) 109 A Crim R 419; [2000] VSCA 18 .......................................... CA.Pt3.Div10.400 GG [2004] VSCA 238; 151 A Crim R 92 ....................................................................................... CA.Pt3.Div10.500 GG [2010] NSWCCA 230 ................................................................................ CA.Pt3.Div10.300, CA.Pt3.Div10.640 GJH [2001] NSWCCA 128 ....................................................................................................................... CPA.150.100 GNN (2000) 78 SASR 293 ............................................................................................................................... CA.7.80 GWB [2000] NSWCCA 410 ............................................................................................................................ CLP.360 Gadd [1911] QWN 31 ................................................................................................................................. CA.117.260 Gaffney [1971] 1 NSWLR 511 .................................................................................................................. CA.310D.60 Gagliardi (1987) 26 A Crim R 391 ............................................................................................................. CPA.19.160 Galambos (1980) 2 A Crim R 388 ............................. CA.428I.40, CA.428I.60, CA.24.160, CA.423.140, CLP.1180 Galasso (1981) 4 A Crim R 454 ....................................................... CA.5.140, CA.5.200, CA.200.60, CPA.154.220 Gale (1876) 2 QBD 141 ................................................................................................................................ CA.157.60 Galea (2004) 148 A Crim R 220; [2004] NSWCCA 227 ............................................................................... CLP.580 Galey [1985] 1 NZLR 230 ........................................................................................................ CA.35.120, CA.97.140 Gallagher (1929) 21 Cr App R 172 ............................................................................................................ CA.120.140 Gallagher [1986] VR 219; 16 A Crim R 215 ........................................................................................... CPA.154.260 Gallagher (1987) 29 A Crim R 33 ............................................................................................................. CA.249B.40

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Gallagher (1989) 44 A Crim R 256 .................................................................................................................. CLP.740 Gallienne [1964] NSWR 919; (1963) 81 WN (Pt 1) (NSW) 94 ............................................................. CA.61HA.80 Galvin (No 1) [1961] VR 733 ........................................ CA.546C.80, CA.58.20, CA.58.180, CA.58.300, CA.60.60 Galvin [No 2] [1961] VR 740 .............................. CA.546C.60, CA.58.140, CA.60.20, CPA.156.140, CPA.156.180 Gamble [1947] VLR 491 ................................................................................................... CPA.156.180, DMTA.25.80 Gambling [1975] 1 QB 207 ........................................................................................................................ CA.250.100 Gamgee (2001) 51 NSWLR 707; 124 A Crim R 469; [2001] NSWCCA 251 ........................................... SPA.12.20 Gamumu [1963] P & NGLR 1 ......................................................................................................................... CLP.120 Garde-Wilson (2005) 158 A Crim R 20; [2005] VSC 441 ........................................................................... CLP.2640 Gardner (1856) Dearsly & Bell 40 ............................................................................................................. CA.179.280 Gardner (1862) Leigh & Cave 243 ............................................................................................................. CA.117.420 Garlick (1847) 1 Denison 276 .................................................................................................................... CA.179.200 Garlick (1958) 42 Cr App R 141 ............................................................................................................. CA.178C.100 Garlick (1980) 72 Cr App R 291 ................................................................................................................ CA.428I.40 Garlick (1994) 73 A Crim R 433 ............................................................................................................... CA.52A.240 Garner (1862) 1 SCR (NSW) 137 .............................................................................................................. CA.179.200 Garrett (1988) 50 SASR 392; 40 A Crim R 213 ...................................................................... CA.61J.140, CA.95.80 Garvey (1887) 16 Cox CC 252 ...................................................................................................................... CLP.1460 Garwood [1987] 1 WLR 319; 1 All ER 1032; (1987) 85 Cr App R 85 ...................................................... CA.99.60 Gaston (1981) 73 Cr App R 164 ................................................................................................................... CA.61I.60 Gateshead Justices; Ex parte Smith (1985) 149 JP 681 ............................................................................. CPA.19.180 Gathercole (1838) 2 Lewin 237 .................................................................................................................... CA.529.40 Gaylor [1857] Dears & Bell 288 .................................................................................................................. CA.346.80 Gazard (1838) 8 Car & P 595 .................................................................................................................... CA.327.200 Geach (1840) 9 Car & P 499 ........................................................................................................................ CA.250.60 Geddeson (1906) 25 NZLR 323 ................................................................................................................ CA.78A.100 Gemmell (1985) 1 CRNZ 496 .......................................................................................................................... CLP.720 Geoghegan (1914) 31 WN (NSW) 81 .................................................................................. CA.114.100, CA.345.100 George (1890) 11 LR (NSW)(L) 373 ......................................................................................................... CA.117.200 George [1956] Crim LR 52 ........................................................................................................................ CA.61L.100 George (2004) 149 A Crim R 38; [2004] NSWCCA 247 ........................................................................... CA.24.280 Georgiadis [1984] VR 1030 ........................................................................................................................ CPA.19.160 Georgiev (2001) 119 A Crim R 363; [2001] VSCA 18 ................................................................................ CLP.1400 Georgiou [1999] NSWCCA 125 ................................................................................................................. CPA.21.100 German (1947) 89 CCC 90 ........................................................................................................................ CA.52A.180 Gervaise (unreported, CCA (NSW), 13 November 1997) .................................................................... CA.178BB.200 Gervaise (unreported, NSWCCA, 13 November 1997) .......................................................................... CA.192G.120 Ghosh [1982] 1 QB 1053 ........................................................................................... CA.178BA.120, CA.178BA.140 Ghosh [1982] 1 QB 1053; [1982] 3 WLR 110; [1982] 2 All ER 689 ........................... CA.192E.120, CA.192E.140 Ghosh [1982] QB 1053; [1982] 3 WLR 110; [1982] 2 All ER 689 ......................................................... CA.197.100 Giam (1999) 104 A Crim R 416; [1999] NSWCCA 53 .................. CA.192G.120, CA.178BB.180, CA.178BB.200, CPA.21.160 Giam (No 2) (1999) 109 A Crim R 348 .................................................................................................. CA.176A.100 Giannetto [1997] 1 Cr App R 1 ................................................................................................................. CA.19A.200 Gibb [1983] 2 VR 155; (1982) 7 A Crim R 385 ........................ CPA.21.80, CPA.21.100, CPA.21.120, CPA.150.20 Gibbins (1919) 13 Cr App R 134 .............................................. CA.19A.180, CA.43A.120, CA.24.220, CPA.21.120 Gibbon (1862) Le & Ca 109 ....................................................................................................................... CA.327.160 Gibbons (1752) Fos 107 ................................................................................................................................ CA.112.80 Gibbons (1821) Russ & Ry 442; 168 ER 888 ............................................................................................. CA.112.80 Gibbons [1971] VR 79 ................................................................................................................................ CA.188.100 Gibbs (1855) 169 ER 798; Dears 445; 6 Cox CC 455 .............................................................. CA.4.240, CA.155.40 Gibson (1861) 8 Cox CC 436 ....................................................................................................................... CA.155.40 Gibson (1929) 30 SR (NSW) 282; 47 WN (NSW) 119 .................................. CA.179.280, CA.179.300, CA.445.20 Gibson (1987) 8 Petty Sess Rev 3901 ........................................................................................................ CPA.154.20

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Gibson (1989) 42 A Crim R 265 ............................................... CPA.21.180, CPA.21.200, CPA.21.240, CPA.21.260 Gibson [1990] 2 QB 619; [1990] 3 WLR 595; [1991] 1 All ER 439 ...................................................... CA.529.160 Giddings [1916] VLR 359 ............................................................................................................................. CPA.30.20 Gidley [1984] 3 NSWLR 168 ....................................................................................................................... CPA.36.20 Gidlow [1983] 2 Qd R 557 ........................................................................................................................... CA.177.40 Giffin [1971] Qd R 12 ................................................................................................. CA.Pt3.Div10.420, CPA.160.20 Gilbert (1828) 1 Moody 185 ....................................................................................................................... CA.117.360 Gilchrist (1841) Car & M 224; 174 ER 482 .................................................................................................. CA.4.260 Giles (1865) Leigh & Cave 502 ................................................................................................................. CA.179.240 Giles 168 ER 1227; (1827) 1 Mood CC 166 ............................................................................................. CA.250.120 Gilfillan (2003) 139 A Crim R 460 .............................................................................................................. CPA.19.40 Gilks [1972] 1 WLR 1341; 2 All ER 280 .................................................................................................. CA.117.400 Gill [1963] 1 WLR 841; [1963] 2 All ER 688; (1963) 47 Cr App R 166 ................................. CLP.2500, CLP.2640 Gillan (1991) 54 A Crim R 475 .................................................................................................................. SPA.10.140 Gillard (1988) 87 Cr App R 189; [1988] Crim LR 531 ................................................................................ CA.39.80 Gillard (1999) 105 A Crim R 479; [1999] NSWCCA 21 .................................................... CA.61L.100, CA.61N.80 Gilles (1818) Russ & Ry 366 ..................................................................................................................... CA.117.260 Gillings (1858) 1 Fos & Fin 36 .................................................................................................................. CA.117.360 Gillow (1825) 1 Moody 85; 175 ER 614 ..................................................................................................... CA.33.120 Gilmartin [1983] 1 All ER 829 ................................................................................................................... CA.179.240 Gilmont (unreported CCA NSW 13 April 1992) ............................................................................. CA.Pt3.Div10.500 Gilson (1944) 29 Cr App R 174 ................................................................................................................. CA.117.200 Gingell [1980] Crim LR 661 ........................................................................................................................ CA.61.240 Giorgi (1982) 31 SASR 299; 7 A Crim R 305 ...................................................................... CA.45.120, DMTA.3.40 Gip (2006) 161 A Crim R 173; [2006] NSWCCA 115 ......................................................................... DMTA.25.220 Girod and Girod (1906) 70 JP 514 ............................................................................................................. CA.188.240 Gittens [1984] 1 QB 698; (1984) 79 Cr App R 272 ................................................................................... CA.23A.60 Gleed (1916) 12 Cr App R 32 .................................................................................................................... CA.188.160 Glen (1899) 9 QLJ 140 .............................................................................................................. CA.428I.60, CLP.1180 Glen (unreported, CCA, NSW, 19 December 1994) ............................................................................... DPVA.13.120 Glenister [1980] 2 NSWLR 597; (1980) 3 A Crim R 210 ...................... CA.173.160, CA.178BA.140, CA.179.300, CA.184.40, CA.197.100, CLP.80 Glenister [1980] 2 NSWLR 597; 3 A Crim R 210 ................................................................................. CA.192E.140 Glennon (1992) 173 CLR 592; 60 A Crim R 18 ... CPA.19.40, CPA.19.120, CPA.19.140, CPA.19.180, CPA.30.20, CPA.156.40 Glover (1987) 46 SASR 310 ................................................................................................... CPA.21.80, CPA.21.320 Glyde (1868) LR 1 CCR 139 ...................................................................................................................... CA.117.420 Glynn (1994) 33 NSWLR 139; 71 A Crim R 537 ....................................................................................... CPA.17.20 Gnosil (1824) 1 Car & P 304; 171 ER 1206 ............................................................................................... CA.94.140 Goadby (1847) 2 Car & Kir 782n ............................................................................................................ CPA.156.120 Goate (1700) 1 Lord Raym 737 ................................................................................................................... CA.250.40 Goddard [1962] 1 WLR 1282; 3 All ER 582; (1962) 46 Cr App R 456 ................................................. CA.347.100 Goff (2000) 112 A Crim R 485; [2000] NSWCCA 194 ........................................................ CA.24.160, CA.423.140 Gogerly Gogerly and Whitford (1818) Russ & Ry 343 .............................................................................. CA.345.80 Goh [2002] NSWCCA 234 .......................................................................................................................... SPA.10.100 Golathan (1915) 84 LJKB 758; 11 Cr App R 79 ..................................................................................... CPA.154.140 Goldburg (unreported, CCA (NSW), 23 February 1993) ........................................................................... CPA.19.180 Goldie; Ex parte Picklum (1937) 59 CLR 254; [1937] HCA 65 ...................................................................... CLP.80 Goldman (2004) 147 A Crim R 472; [2004] VSC 291 ............................................................................... CA.27.120 Gomez (1964) 48 Cr App R 310 ................................................................................................................. CA.23A.60 Gomez [1993] 1 All ER 1 ........................................................................................................................... CA.117.160 Gonis (1988) 48 SASR 228 ........................................................................................................................ CPA.19.180 Gooch & Devonshire (1838) 8 Car & P 293 ............................................................................................... CA.139.60 Goodall (1975) 11 SASR 94 ................................................................................................... CA.161.20, CA.173.140

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Goodbody (1838) 8 Car & P 665 ................................................................................................................. CA.155.40 Goodison (1871) 10 SCR (NSW) 53 ...................................................................................... CA.156.120, CA.157.60 Goodman (unreported, CCA (NSW), 10 December 1991) ....................................................................... CA.52A.200 Goodwin [1944] KB 518 .......................................................................................................................... CA.546B.100 Goodwin (unreported NSWCCA 10 December 1991 pp 5-6) ...................................................................... CA.4A.40 Goolagong (unreported, CCA (NSW), 28 September 1994) ......................................................................... CA.95.80 Goonan (1993) 69 A Crim R 338 ................................................................................................................. CPA.34.20 Gordon (1889) 23 QBD 354 ..................................................................................................... CA.4.260, CA.185.100 Gordon (1927) 19 Cr App R 20 ................................................................................................................. CA.78A.100 Gordon [1963] 63 SR (NSW) 631; 80 WN (NSW) 957 ............................................................................... CLP.1180 Gordon [1983] Crim LR 735 .................................................................................................................... CPA.156.220 Gordon-King [2008] NSWCCA 335 ................................................................................................ CA.Pt3.Div10.520 Gordon 168 ER 359; (1789) 1 Leach 515 ..................................................................................................... CLP.1460 Gorman (unreported, CCA (NSW), 15 May 1997) ................................................ CA.24.40, CA.24.200, CA.24.220 Gorrie (1919) 83 JP 136 ................................................................................................................................... CLP.560 Goss (1860) Bell 208 .................................................................................................................................. CA.179.200 Gott (1922) 16 Cr App R 87 ......................................................................................................................... CA.574.20 Gotts [1992] 2 AC 412; [1992] 2 WLR 284; [1992] 1 All ER 832 ......................................... CA.27.120, CLP.2640 Gover (2000) 118 A Crim R 8 .................................................................................................................... CPA.289.20 Governor of Pentonville Prison; Ex parte Teja [1971] 2 QB 274; [1971] 1 WLR 459; [1971] 2 All ER 11 ......................................................................................................................................................... CLP.180 v Gower (1991) 56 A Crim R 115 ................................................................................................................... SPA.44.20 v Grace (1930) 47 WN (NSW) 51 ............................................................. CA.527C.100, CA.527C.140, CA.527C.160 v Graham (1901) 65 JP 248 .......................................................................................................................... CA.189A.20 v Graham (1913) 8 Cr App R 149 ............................................................................................... CA.4.260, CA.185.100 v Graham [1982] 1 WLR 294; [1982] 1 All ER 801; (1982) 74 Cr App R 235 ........ CLP.2500, CLP.2560, CLP.2580 v Graham (1985) 20 CCC 210 ....................................................................................................................... CA.319.120 v Graham (2004) 62 NSWLR 252; [2004] NSWCCA 420 ......................................................... SPA.12.20, SPA.98.20 v Graham & Burns (1888) 16 Cox CC 420 ........................................................................... CA.93B.100, CA.545C.60 v Grainge [1974] 1 WLR 619; [1974] 1 All ER 928 .................................................................................... CA.188.180 v Grand (1903) 3 SR (NSW) 216; 20 WN (NSW) 107 ............................................................................... CA.345.100 v Grant [1975] 2 NZLR 165 ................................................................................................................................ CA.7.80 v Grant [1975] WAR 163 ............................................................................................................................... CPA.154.20 v Grant (2001) 127 A Crim R 124 ................................................................................................................. CPA.289.20 v Grant (2002) 55 NSWLR 80; 131 A Crim R 523; [2002] NSWCCA 243 ..... CA.4A.40, CA.19A.80, CA.19A.500, CA.428I.40, CA.61.140, CLP.1400 v Grant-Taylor; Ex parte Johnson [1980] Qd R 387; 2 A Crim R 414 .......................................................... CPA.66.40 v Grantham [1984] 2 WLR 815 .................................................................................................................... CA.176A.80 v Grassby (1988) 15 NSWLR 109; 38 A Crim R 67 ................................................................................... CA.529.240 v Grassby (1991) 55 A Crim R 419 ........................................................................................ CA.344A.40, CA.529.200 v Grassby (1992) 62 A Crim R 351 ............................................................................................................... CA.529.240 v Gray (1891) 17 Cox CC 299 ...................................................................................................................... CA.179.300 v Gray [1977] VR 225 .................................................................................................................................... CPA.154.60 v Greathead (1878) 14 Cox CC 108 .............................................................................................................. CA.179.280 v Greatorex (1994) 74 A Crim R 496 .................................................................... CA.7.140, DMTA.7.40, DMTA.7.60 v Green (1983) 33 SASR 211; (1983) 9 A Crim R 200 ....................................................... CPA.19.160, CPA.154.320 v Green (1983) 9 A Crim R 200 .................................................................................................................. CPA.154.320 v Greenberg [1943] KB 381 ............................................................................................................................. CA.444.40 v Greenfield [1973] 1 WLR 1151; [1973] 3 All ER 1050; (1973) 57 Cr App R 849 .................. CLP.760, CPA.17.20 v Greenstein [1975] 1 WLR 1353; [1976] 1 All ER 1; (1975) 61 Cr App R 296 .................................... CA.192E.120 v Greenstein [1976] 1 WLR 1353; [1975] 1 All ER 1 ............................................................................ CA.178BA.120 v Greenwood (1852) 2 Den 453 ...................................................................................................................... CA.345.60 v Greer (1992) 62 A Crim R 442 ..................................................................................................................... CPA.19.40 v Gregory (1867) 10 Cox CC 459 ....................................................................................................................... CLP.960

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Gregory (1867) LR 1 CCR 77 .......................................................................... CA.546C.60, CA.117.200, CA.351.60 Gregory [1972] 1 WLR 991; [1972] 2 All ER 861; (1972) 56 Cr App R 441 .................... CA.117.20, CA.117.280 Gregory [1983] 3 NSWLR 172; 10 A Crim R 137 .................................................................................. CA.310D.40 Greig (1996) 89 A Crim R 254 ...................................................................................................................... CLP.1140 Grice (1837) 7 Car & P 803 ......................................................................................................................... CA.97.120 Griepe (1697) 1 Ld Raym 256 ................................................................................................................... CA.327.160 Griffin (1869) 11 Cox CC 402 ...................................................................................................................... CA.61.320 Griffis (1996) 67 SASR 170; 91 A Crim R 203 ........................................................................................... CPA.34.20 Griffiths (1858) Dears & Bell 548 ................................................................................................................ CA.250.40 Griffiths (1932) 23 Cr App R 153 ............................................................................................................. CPA.154.160 Griffiths [1966] 1 QB 589; [1965] 3 WLR 405; (1965) 49 Cr App R 279 ... CLP.680, CLP.740, CLP.760, CLP.780 Griffiths (1999) 103 A Crim R 291 ................................................................................................................ CA.4.160 Grills (unreported, CCA (NSW), 12 December 1995) ............................................................................. CPA.293.120 Grimes (1883) 7 QLJ (NC) 109; [1883] QCR 336 ...................................................................................... CPA.19.40 Grimes (1894) 15 LR (NSW) 209; 10 WN (NSW) 211 ........................................ CA.19A.320, CA.59.80, CLP.540 Grimes [1968] 3 All ER 179 ................................................................................................... CA.319.80, CA.319.140 Grimwade (1844) 1 Car & K 592; 174 ER 952 ............................................................................................ CA.31.80 Grimwade (1990) 51 A Crim R 470 ............................................................................................................. CPA.19.40 Grimwood [1962] 2 QB 621; [1962] 3 WLR 747; (1962) 46 Cr App R 393 ... CA.27.100, CA.28.100, CA.29.100, CA.30.100 Grocock (1888) 14 VLR 51 .......................................................................................................................... CA.94.120 Grogan (1889) 15 VLR 340 ............................................................................................................................ CA.29.80 Grondkowski [1946] KB 369; [1946] 1 All ER 559; (1946) 31 Cr App R 116 ..................... CLP.1220, CPA.19.40, CPA.21.80, CPA.21.120, CPA.21.320, CPA.21.400 Grosser (1999) 73 SASR 584; 106 A Crim R 125 ...................................................................................... CA.423.60 Grubb [1915] 2 KB 683; (1915) 11 Cr App R 153 .................................................................................. CA.178A.60 Gruby and Viner (1845) 5 LTOS 538 ......................................................................................................... CA.179.200 Gruncell (1840) 9 Car & P 365 .................................................................................................................. CA.117.140 Guelder (1860) 8 Cox CC 372 ..................................................................................................................... CA.157.60 Guldur (1986) 8 NSWLR 12; 25 A Crim R 271 ...................... CPA.21.100, CPA.21.120, CPA.21.380, CPA.21.400 Gulliford (2004) 148 A Crim R 558; [2004] NSWCCA 338 ..................... CA.61HA.100, CPA.162.40, CPA.162.60 Gulliford (2004) 148 A Crim R 558; [2004] NSWCCA 338 12 ............................................................... CPA.162.60 Gulyas (1985) 2 NSWLR 260; 15 A Crim R 472 ........................................ CA.344A.80, CA.344A.100, CA.179.80 Gunn (1930) 30 SR (NSW) 336 ....................................................................................................................... CLP.660 Gunn (1930) 30 SR (NSW) 336; 47 WN (NSW) 157 .................................................... CLP.680, CLP.740, CLP.780 Gunnell (1886) 16 Cox CC 154 ................................................................................................................... CA.136.40 Gunter (1921) 21 SR (NSW) 282; 38 WN (NSW) 97 ................................................................................ CA.24.220 Gurney (1869) 11 Cox CC 414 .................................................................................................................. CA.176.120 Guthrie (1981) 52 FLR 171; 40 ACTR 27 ................................................................................................ CA.52A.200 H (1980) 3 A Crim R 53 ............................................................................................................................ CA.78A.160 H (1995) 83 A Crim R 402 ................................................................................................... CPA.19.160, CPA.150.40 H (1997) 42 NSWLR 702; 98 A Crim R 71 .............................................................................................. CPA.21.220 H (1997) 92 A Crim R 168 .............................................................................. CA.Pt3.Div10.500, CA.Pt3.Div10.520 H (2002) 132 A Crim R 551; [2002] NSWCCA 355 ................................................................................ CPA.19.180 HJS [2000] NSWCCA 205 ............................................................................................................... CA.Pt3.Div10.540 HM Coroner for East Kent; Ex parte Spooner (1989) 88 Cr App R 10 ....................................................... CA.24.40 HQ [2003] NSWCCA 336 ............................................................................................................................ CA.37.140 Haas [1964] Tas SR 1 .......................................................................................................... CA.344A.60, CA.344A.80 Haas (1986) 22 A Crim R 299 ................................................................................................................ DMTA.23.180 Haas (unreported, CCA (NSW), 15 May 1987) ..................................................................................... DMTA.23.180 Hadad (1989) 16 NSWLR 476; 42 A Crim R 304 ................................................................................. LEPRA.14.20 Haddad (1988) 33 A Crim R 400 ....................................................................................................................... CLP.80 Hadfield (1870) LR 3 CCR 253 ................................................................................................................... CA.213.20 Hagan [1966] Qd R 219 ................................................................................................................................. CLP.1440

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Hagan (unreported, Qld Ct of App, 15 November 1996) .......................................................................... SPA.10.100 Haidley [1984] VR 229; (1983) 10 A Crim R 1 ...................................................................... CA.428I.40, CLP.1180 Haigh (unreported, CCA (NSW), 4 August 1995) ....................................................................................... CA.97.120 Hain [1966] 2 NSWR 142; (1966) 85 WN (Pt 1) (NSW) 7 ................................................. CA.4A.40, CA.52A.200 Haines (1821) Russ & Ry 451; 168 ER 892 ................................................................................................ CA.112.80 Haines (2001) 80 SASR 363; 125 A Crim R 126; [2001] SASC 347 ........................................................... CLP.960 Hakim (1989) 41 A Crim R 372 ................................................................................................................. CPA.19.160 Hale [1974] 1 QB 819; [1974] 3 WLR 249; 1 All ER 1107; (1973) 59 Cr App R 1 ............................... CA.86.240 Hale (1979) 68 Cr App R 415 ...................................................................................................................... CA.94.100 Hales (1728) 17 State Tr 161 ........................................................................................................................ CA.250.40 Hales [1924] 1 KB 602 ................................................................................................................................. CPA.34.20 Haley (1959) 76 WN (NSW) 550 ................................................................................................................... CA.29.80 Hall (1818) Russ & Ry 355; 168 ER 842 .................................................................................................... CA.112.80 Hall (1828) 3 Car & P 409; 172 ER 477 ................................................................................. CA.117.200, CLP.1480 Hall (1836) 1 Mood 474 ............................................................................................................................... CA.155.40 Hall (1849) 2 Car & K 947 ........................................................................................................................ CA.117.320 Hall (1875) 13 Cox CC 49 ........................................................................................................................... CA.155.40 Hall (1890) 16 VLR 503 ............................................................................................................................. CA.327.200 Hall [1891] 1 QB 747 ................................................................................................................... CA.10.40, CPA.8.20 Hall (1903) 20 WN (NSW) 74 ................................................................................................................... CA.126.220 Hall (1915) 11 Cr App R 221 .................................................................................................................. CA.178A.180 Hall [1964] 1 QB 273; [1963] 3 WLR 482; [1963] 2 All ER 1075 ........................................................... CA.94.120 Hall [1968] 2 QB 788; [1968] 3 WLR 359; [1968] 2 All ER 1009 ........................................................... CPA.21.20 Hall [1987] 1 NZLR 616 ............................................................................................................................ CPA.160.20 Hall (1988) 36 A Crim R 368 ......................................................................................................................... CLP.1140 Hall (1999) 108 A Crim R 209; [1999] NSWSC 738 ................................................................................... CA.44.80 Hall [2001] NSWCCA 202 ............................................................................................................................. CA.23.80 Hallam [1957] 1 QB 569; [1957] 2 WLR 521; [1957] 1 All ER 665 .............................. CA.545D.60, CA.545D.80 Hallett [1969] SASR 141 ............. CA.19A.300, CA.19A.400, CA.19A.500, CLP.440, CLP.500, CLP.520, CLP.540 Hallett 173 ER 1036; (1841) 9 Car & P 748 ........................................................................................... CA.61HA.80 Halliday (1868) 5 Wyatt ................................................................................................................................ CA.179.80 Halliday (1889) 61 LT 701 ....................................................................................................... CA.19A.320, CA.54.80 Hallocoglu (1992) 29 NSWLR 67; 63 A Crim R 287 ............................................................ CPA.34.20, SPA.10.100 Hally [1962] Qd R 214 ................................................................................................................................. CPA.19.40 Halmi [1999] NSWCCA 354 ...................................................................................................................... CPA.19.160 Halmi (2005) 62 NSWLR 263; 156 A Crim R 150; [2005] NSWCCA 2 ................................................ CPA.126.20 Hamer [1954] Crim LR 209 ..................................................................................................................... CA.178C.140 Hamid (2006) 164 A Crim R 179; [2006] NSWCCA 302 ..................................................................... DPVA.13.120 Hamilton (1837) 8 Car & P 49; 173 ER 394 ............................................................................................... CA.148.80 Hamilton (1845) 1 Cox CC 244 ........................................................................................... CA.179.200, CA.179.300 Hamilton (1891) 8 WN (NSW) 9 ................................................................................................................. CA.61.320 Hamilton [1901] 1 QB 740 ........................................................................................................................... CA.250.40 Hamilton (1993) 66 A Crim R 575 ........................................................................................ CA.33B.120, CA.97.120 Hamilton (1993) 68 A Crim R 298 ............................................................................................................... CPA.36.20 Hamilton [2005] 2 SCR 432; (2005) SCC 47 ................................................................................. CLP.960, CLP.980 Hammersley (1958) 42 Cr App R 207 ................................................................................. CA.319.120, CA.319.140 Hammerson (1914) 10 Cr App R 121 ........................................................................................................ CA.179.300 Hammond (1878) 1 SCR (NS) (NSW) 42 ................................................................................................. CA.327.120 Hampton (1915) 11 Cr App R 117 ....................................................................................... CA.134.140, CA.156.120 Hampton (1998) 44 NSWLR 729; (1998) 101 A Crim R 399 .................................................................... SPA.44.20 Hamzy (1994) 74 A Crim R 341 .................................................................................... DMTA.25.80, DMTA.25.140 Hancock (1931) 23 Cr App R 16 .............................................................................................................. CPA.154.240 Hancock [1986] AC 455; [1986] 2 WLR 357; [1986] 1 All ER 646 .................................... CA.19A.520, CA.5.120 Hancock [1990] 2 WLR 640 ....................................................................................................................... CA.117.260

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Hancock and Baker (1878) 14 Cox CC 119 ........................................................................ CA.188.100, CA.188.160 Hands (1887) 16 Cox CC 188 .................................................................................................................... CA.117.360 Hanias (1976) 14 SASR 137 ......................................................................................................................... CA.94.140 Hansen [1964] Qd R 404 .................................................................................................................................. CLP.120 Hansen (2002) 84 SASR 54; (2002) 134 A Crim R 227; [2002] SASC 208 ........................................... CPA.159.20 Hansford [1974] VR 251 ............................................................................................................................... CA.33.120 Hansill (1849) 3 Cox CC 597 ..................................................................................................................... CA.347.100 Hanson (1849) 2 Car & K 912; 175 ER 383 ............................................................................................... CA.61.120 Harbach (1973) 6 SASR 427 ........................................................................................................................ CPA.21.80 Hardie [1985] 1 WLR 64; [1984] 3 All ER 848; (1985) 80 Cr App R 157 ...... CA.428I.40, CA.428I.60, CLP.1180 Harding (1930) 21 Cr App R 166 ......................................................................... CA.94.60, CA.94.120, CA.117.280 Harding [1976] VR 129 ................................................................................................................ CLP.2500, CLP.2540 Harding (2008) 50 MVR 413; [2008] VSCA 124 .................................................................................. CA.52AB.200 Hardy (1871) LR 1 CCR 278 ....................................................................................................................... CA.213.20 Harker (2002) 128 A Crim R 317; [2002] QSC 61 ..................................................................................... CPA.66.40 Harkin (1989) 38 A Crim R 296 ........................................................................................... CA.61L.100, CA.61N.80 Harkins [1958] VR 543 ................................................................................................................................ CA.78A.20 Harland (unreported, CCA (NSW), 22 August 1990) .............................................................................. CPA.150.120 Harley (1830) 4 Car & P 369 ....................................................................................................................... CA.345.60 Harling [1938] 1 All ER 307; (1937) 26 Cr App R 127 ........................................................................... CPA.150.20 Harlow [1967] 2 QB 193; (1967) 51 Cr App R 184 ................................................................................... CA.139.60 Harm (1975) 13 SASR 84 .............................................................................................................................. CLP.1200 Harper (1881) 7 QBD 78 .............................................................................................................................. CA.250.40 Harrington (1851) 5 Cox CC 231 ............................................................................................................... CA.345.100 Harris (1833) 1 Mood 393 ............................................................................................................................ CA.250.40 Harris (1854) Dears 344 ................................................................................................................................ CA.157.60 Harris (1871) LR 1 CCR 282 ........................................................................................................................... CA.8.20 Harris (1910) 5 Cr App R 285 ...................................................................................................................... CA.117.20 Harris (1924) 18 Cr App R 157 .................................................................................................................... CA.114.80 Harris [1966] 1 QB 184; (1965) 49 Cr App R 330 ................................................................................... CA.250.120 Harris (1988) 17 NSWLR 158; 35 A Crim R 146 ...................................................................................... CA.61H.20 Harris (2000) 50 NSWLR 409; 121 A Crim R 342; [2000] NSWCCA 469 ........ SPA.21.20, SPA.44.40, SPA.61.20 Harrison (1870) 9 SCR (NSW) 58 ............................................................................................................... CA.351.60 Harrison (1931) 22 Cr App R 82 ................................................................................................ CA.94.140, CA.95.80 Harrison [1938] 3 All ER 134; (1938) 26 Cr App R 166 ............................................................................. CA.77.20 Harrison [1957] VR 117 .............................................................................................................................. CA.179.220 Harrison [1961] Crim LR 256 ........................................................................................................................ CA.7.100 Harrison (1995) 79 A Crim R 149 ................................................................................................................... CLP.740 Harry; Ex parte Eastway (1985) 39 SASR 203; 20 A Crim R 63 ................ CPA.19.120, CPA.19.160, CPA.19.180, CPA.62.100 Hart (1837) 1 Mood 486 ............................................................................................................................... CA.250.40 Hart (1843) 2 LTOS 248 ............................................................................................................................. CA.186.100 Hart (2002) 131 A Crim R 609; [2002] NSWCCA 313 ................................................................................ CA.95.80 Hartley (1807) Russ & Ry 139 ..................................................................................................................... CA.155.40 Hartley [1941] 1 KB 5; (1943) 28 Cr App R 15 ...................................................................................... CA.78A.100 Hartley [1972] 2 QB 1; [1972] 2 WLR 101; [1972] 1 All ER 599 ............................................................ CPA.21.20 Hartley [1978] 2 NZLR 199 ....................................................................................................................... CPA.19.160 Hartley (1989) 1 WAR 224 ........................................................................................................................... CPA.30.20 Hartshorn (1853) 6 Cox CC 395 .................................................................................................................. CA.250.40 Harvey (1787) 1 Leach 467 ........................................................................................................................ CA.117.160 Harvey (1858) 8 Cox CC 99 ....................................................................................................................... CA.327.200 Harvey (1887) 8 LR (NSW) 39; 3 WN (NSW) 83 .................................... CA.5.80, CA.5.140, CA.5.160, CA.5.180 Harvey [1993] 2 Qd R 389 ........................................................................................... CA.192E.140, CA.178BA.140 Harvey (unreported, CCA (NSW), 3 October 1985) ................................................................................. CA.52A.240

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TABLE OF CASES

R v Hasan [2005] UKHL 22; [2005] 2 AC 467; [2005] 2 WLR 709 .......... CLP.2500, CLP.2520, CLP.2540, CLP.2620, CLP.2820 R v Haslam (1786) 1 Leach 418 ........................................................................................................................ CA.188.100 R v Hass [1972] 1 NSWLR 589 ........................................................ CA.19A.20, CPA.21.180, CPA.21.260, CPA.21.300 R v Hassall (1861) Le & Ca 56 ........................................................................................................................... CA.125.60 R v Hassan [1970] 1 QB 423 ............................................................................................................................. CPA.150.20 R v Hassard [1970] 1 WLR 1109; 2 All ER 647 .............................................................................................. CA.250.100 R v Hastings [1958] Crim LR 128 ...................................................................................................................... CA.125.60 R v Hatch (1933) 24 Cr App R 100 .................................................................................................................. CA.114.100 R v Hatch [2006] NSWCCA 330 ........................................................................................................................... CA.27.80 R v Hatchard [1999] SASC 111 ....................................................................................................................... CA.61HA.40 R v Hatfield [1999] NSWCCA 340 ................................................................................................................... CPA.19.180 R v Hattam (1913) 13 SR (NSW) 410; 30 WN (NSW) 118 ............................................................................ CA.179.240 R v Hatton [1925] 2 KB 322 ............................................................................................................................. CA.179.220 R v Hauke (unreported, CCA (NSW), 27 March 1995) ................................................................................... CPA.162.80 R v Hawes (1994) 35 NSWLR 294 ............................................................................................... CA.117.200, CA.423.60 R v Hawkeswood (1783) 1 Leach 257 ................................................................................................................ CA.250.40 R v Hawkins (1828) 3 Car & P 392 .................................................................................................................. CA.345.100 R v Hawkins (1850) 4 Cox CC 224 .................................................................................................................... CA.157.60 R v Hawkins (1989) 45 A Crim R 430 ....................................................... CA.176A.100, CA.192E.280, CA.178BA.180 R v Hawkins (1993) 67 A Crim R 64 ................................................................................................................. CA.86.220 R v Hawkins 103 ER 755; (1808) 10 East 211 .................................................................................................... CLP.1440 R v Hay [1968] Qd R 459 .............................................................................................................. CPA.36.20, CPA.160.20 R v Haycock (1954) 71 WN (NSW) 221 ........................................................................................................ CA.52AA.40 R v Haydon (1845) 1 Cox CC 184 .................................................................................... CA.27.80, CA.29.80, CA.39.80 R v Hayes [1977] 1 NSWLR 364 ........................................................................................................................ CA.444.40 R v Hayes (1987) 29 A Crim R 452 .................................................................................................................. CPA.156.20 R v Hayne (unreported, CCA (NSW), 18 September 1998) ............................................................................. CA.195.100 R v Haynes (1614) 12 Coke’s Reports 113 ....................................................................................................... CA.117.260 R v Hayward (1844) 1 Car & Kir 518 ................................................................................................................ CA.157.60 R v Hayward (1908) 21 Cox CC 692 ........................................................................................ CA.19A.320, CA.19A.360 R v Haywood [1971] VR 755 .................................................................... CA.19A.140, CA.428I.60, CLP.160, CLP.1180 R v Hazeltine [1967] 2 QB 857 ....................................................................................................................... CPA.154.120 R v Hazelton (1874) LR 2 CCR 134 ........................................................................................... CA.179.200, CA.179.240 R v Healey [1965] 1 WLR 1059; [1965] 1 All ER 365; (1964) 49 Cr App R 77 .................... CA.188.160, CA.347.100 R v Hearne (2001) 124 A Crim R 451; [2001] NSWCCA 37 ............................................................................ SPA.10.80 R v Heath (1810) Russ & Ry 184; 168 ER 750 ..................................................................................................... CA.7.60 R v Heaton (1896) 60 JP 508 ................................................................................................................................ CA.49.60 R v Heaton (1899) 5 ALR (CN) 61 ..................................................................................................................... CA.33.120 R v Heaton (1906) 6 SR (NSW) 33 ........................................................................................................ CA.Pt3.Div10.460 R v Heaton (unreported, CCA (NSW), 1 June 1990) ....... CA.94.380, CA.95.100, CA.97.220, CA.98.220, CPA.162.60, CPA.162.80 R v Heavener (1932) 33 SR (NSW) 101; 50 WN (NSW) 22 ................................................. CA.178A.120, CA.165.100 R v HeaveyR v Hoare (1965) 84 WN (Pt 1) (NSW) 248; sub nom[1965] NSWR 1167 ......... CA.33A.100, CA.33.160, CA.58.280 R v Heffernan (1985) 20 A Crim R 122 ............................................................................................................... SOA.3.60 R v Hehir (1895) 18 Cox CC 267 ..................................................................................................................... CA.117.400 R v Heinrich (1992) 61 A Crim R 212 ...................................................................................... CA.52A.160, CA.52A.240 R v Helmhout (1980) 1 A Crim R 103; 42 FLR 53 ......................................................... CA.3.20, CA.27.100, CA.33.40 R v Helmhout (1980) 1 A Crim R 464 .................................................................................................................... CA.3.20 R v Helmling (unreported, CCA (NSW), 11 November 1993) .............................. CA.52A.20, CPA.19.140, CPA.19.180 R v Hemmings (1864) 4 F & F 50; 176 ER 462 .......................................................................... CA.94.240, CA.117.200 R v Hemmings [1939] 1 All ER 417; (1940) 27 Cr App R 46 ....................................................................... CA.78A.100 R v Hempstead and Hudson (1818) Russ & Ry 344 ........................................................................................ CA.345.100

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Hemsley (1988) 36 A Crim R 334 ....................................................................................... CA.4A.40, CA.61HA.100 Henderson [1949] DLR 121; 91 CCC 97 .................................................................................................. CA.344A.60 Henderson (unreported, Court of Appeal UK (Crim Div), 29 November 1984) ...................................... CA.195.100 Hendy (1850) 4 Cox CC 243 ........................................................................................................................ CA.31.100 Henman [1987] Crim LR 333 ....................................................................................................................... CA.86.100 Hennah (1877) 13 Cox CC 547 .................................................................................................... CA.39.80, CA.82.60 Hennessy [1989] 1 WLR 287; [1989] 2 All ER 9; (1989) 89 Cr App R 10 ............................... CLP.280, CLP.1120 Hennigan [1971] 3 All ER 133; (1971) 55 Cr App R 262 ....................................................... CA.19A.300, CLP.440 Henning (unreported, CCA (NSW), 11 May 1990) .............. CA.428I.40, CA.428I.60, CA.61HA.100, CPA.293.40, CPA.293.60, CPA.293.80 Henning (unreported, NSWCCA, 11 May 1990) ............................................................................................. CLP.360 Henry [1917] VLR 525 ............................................................................................................................. CPA.154.100 Henry (1999) 46 NSWLR 346; 106 A Crim R 149; [1999] NSWCCA 111 ..... CA.95.120, CA.96.100, CA.97.240, CA.112.160 Henry Allen 173 ER 727; (1839) 9 Car & P 31 .......................................................................................... CA.61I.60 Hensler (1870) 11 Cox CC 570 .................................................................................................................. CA.179.280 Herbert (1873) 4 AJR 89 ............................................................................................................................... CA.155.40 Herlihy [1956] St R Qd 18 ........................................................................................................ CA.428I.60, CLP.1180 Hermann (1879) 4 QBD 284 ...................................................................................................................... CA.250.100 Hermann (1988) 37 A Crim R 440 ............................................................................................................... CA.73.100 Herron [1967] 1 QB 107; (1966) 50 Cr App R 132 .................................................................................. CA.188.240 Heston-Francois [1984] 1 QB 278 .............................................................................................................. CPA.19.100 Hetherington (1841) 4 State Trials (NS) 563 ............................................................................................... CA.529.40 Heuston (1996) 90 A Crim R 213 ............................................................................................ CLP.1820, CPA.150.60 Hewgill (1854) Dearsly CC 315 ................................................................................................................. CA.179.280 Hewitt (1913) 9 Cr App R 192 ................................................................................................................... CA.327.160 Hewitt (1925) 134 LT 157; (1927) 19 Cr App R 64 ................................................................................ CA.78A.100 Hewitt [1997] 1 VR 301; 84 A Crim R 440 .............................................................................................. CPA.21.160 Hewitt and Smith 176 ER 923; (1866) 4 F & F 1101 ................................................................. CA.42.40, CA.85.20 Heyes (1950) 34 Cr App R 161 .................................................................................................................. CPA.154.20 Heywood (1847) 2 Car & Kir 352 ............................................................................................................... CA.250.80 Hibbert (1875) 13 Cox CC 82 ................................................................................................................... CA.545B.40 Hibbert (1995) 99 CCC (3d) 193 ................................................................................................................... CLP.2500 Hickey [2002] NSWCCA 474; 137 A Crim R 62 ......................................................................................... CLP.1900 Hicklin (1868) LR 3 QB 360 ...................................................................................................................... CA.529.160 Hickman (1784) 1 Leach 278; 168 ER 241 ............................................................................... CA.94.60, CA.94.140 Hicks (1845) 4 LTOS 453 ........................................................................................................................... CA.186.100 Hicks 174 ER 296; (1840) 2 Mood & R 302 ............................................................................................. CA.19A.20 Hiddilston (1889) 6 WN (NSW) 105 ......................................................................................................... CA.250.100 Higgins (1801) 2 East 5 ............................................................................................................................. CA.546C.60 Higgins (1801) 2 East 5; 102 ER 269 ............................................................................................. CLP.880, CLP.960 Higgins [1952] 1 KB 7; [1951] 2 All ER 758; (1951) 35 Cr App R 130 ................................ CA.10.40, CA.427.20 Higgins (1994) 71 A Crim R 429 ............................................................................................................... CPA.21.280 Higley (1830) 4 Car & P 366 ......................................................................................................................... CA.85.20 Higson (1984) 6 Cr App R 20; [1984] Crim LR 299 .................................................................................... CA.79.40 Hildebrandt [1964] Qd R 43 ......................................................................................................... CA.8.20, CPA.46.40 Hilder (1997) 97 A Crim R 70 ....................................................................................................................... CLP.1160 Hill (1811) Russ & Ry 190 ......................................................................................................................... CA.179.280 Hill (1838) 2 Mood 30 .................................................................................................................................. CA.250.60 Hill [1914] 2 KB 386 ................................................................................................................................... SOA.15.40 Hill [1979] VR 311 .................................................................................................................................... CPA.154.100 Hill (1981) 3 A Crim R 397 ......................................................................................................................... CA.24.280 Hill [1986] 1 SCR 313; 25 CCC (3d) 322 ................................................................................................... CA.23.140 Hill (1986) 83 Cr App R 386; [1986] Crim LR 815 ................... CA.39.100, CA.44.120, CA.196.120, CA.199.120

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Hill (1998) 29 MVR 323 ........................................................................................................................... CA.52A.240 Hill (1981) 3 A Crim R 397 ......................................................................................................................... CA.23.180 Hilliard (1913) 109 LT 750 ......................................................................................................................... CA.117.360 Hillier (2007) 228 CLR 618; 81 ALJR 886; [2007] HCA 13 ......................................................................... CLP.580 Hillman (1863) Le & Ca 343 ......................................................................................................................... CA.84.80 Hinckley (1886) 2 QLJ 182 ......................................................................................................................... CA.66A.80 Hind (1995) 80 A Crim R 105 ................................................................................................................... CA.19A.140 Hindmarsh (unreported, CCA (NSW), 31 July 1991) ............................................................................... CA.52A.200 Hindmarsh 168 ER 387; (1792) 2 Leach 569 ........................................................................................... CA.19A.100 Hinds (1957) 41 Cr App R 143 ................................................................................................................. CA.310D.60 Hinton (1999) 103 A Crim R 142 ............................................................................................................... CPA.281.20 Hitchins [1983] 3 NSWLR 318; (1983) 9 A Crim R 238 .................................................. CA.19A.540, CA.61L.100 Ho (1989) 39 A Crim R 145 ......................................................................................... CA.192E.160, CA.178BA.120 Ho (1989) 39 A Crim R 145; ................................................................................................................... CA.192E.120 Ho (unreported, CCA (NSW), 5 December 1994) ....................................................................................... CPA.19.40 Hoar (1981) 148 CLR 32; 56 ALJR 43; [1981] HCA 67 ......................................... CLP.680, CLP.820, CPA.156.20 Hoare (1859) 1 F & F 647 ............................................................................................................................ CA.155.40 HoareR v Heavey ; (1965) 84 WN (Pt 1) (NSW) 248; sub nom[1965] NSWR 1167 ....... CA.33A.100, CA.33.160, CA.58.280 Hoatson (1847) 2 Car & Kir 777 ................................................................................................................. CA.250.60 Hobson (1803) Russ & Ry 56 ...................................................................................................................... CA.157.60 Hobson (1823) 1 Lewin’s CC 261 ................................................................................................................. CLP.1440 Hobson (1854) Dears 400 ........................................................................................................................... CA.188.160 Hodge (unreported, CCA (NSW), 5 November 1991) ........................................................................... DMTA.23.180 Hodges (1957) 41 Cr App R 218 ................................................................................................................ CA.114.140 Hodgson (1730) 1 Leach 6 ......................................................................................................................... CA.345.100 Hodgson (1828) 3 Car & P 422 .................................................................................................................... CA.157.60 Hogan [1960] 2 QB 513 .................................................................................................... CPA.156.100, CPA.156.160 Hokin (1922) 22 SR (NSW) 280; 39 WN (NSW) 76 ............................................................... CA.10.40, CA.427.20 Holden (1810) Russ & Ry 154 ..................................................................................................................... CA.250.60 Holden (1872) 12 Cox CC 166 ................................................................................................................... CA.327.160 Holden (1917) 34 WN (NSW) 78 ............................................................................................................... CA.117.440 Holden (1956) 73 WN (NSW) 444 ............................................................................................................... CPA.30.20 Holden (1990) 52 A Crim R 32 .................................................................................................................... CPA.21.80 Holland (1841) 174 ER 313; (1841) 2 Mood & R 351 .................... CA.19A.340, CA.19A.360, CLP.460, CLP.540 Holley [1963] 1 WLR 199; 1 All ER 106; (1962) 47 Cr App R 13 ...................................... CA.347.100, CLP.1220 Holley (1969) 53 Cr App R 519 ................................................................................................................. CA.345.100 Hollis (1873) 12 Cox CC 463 ......................................................................................................................... CA.82.60 Holloway (1849) Car & K 942 ................................................................................................................... CA.117.320 Holmes (1853) 3 Car & K 360; 175 ER 589 ................................................................................................... CA.8.20 Holmes (1883) 12 QBD 23 ......................................................................................................................... CA.179.320 Holmes (1885) 2 WN (NSW) 6 ........................................................ CA.94.380, CA.95.100, CA.97.220, CA.98.220 Holmes [1958] Crim LR 394 ..................................................................................................................... CA.178C.60 Holmes [1960] WAR 122 ............................................................................................................................... CLP.1200 Holroyd (1824) 2 Mood & R 339; 174 ER 308 .......................................................................................... CA.213.20 Holsworthy Justices; Ex parte Edwards [1952] WN 86 .............................................................................. CA.512.80 Holt (1983) 12 A Crim R 1 ......................................................................................................................... CA.156.120 Holton [2004] NSWCCA 214 ................................................................................................................... CA.52AA.40 Holzer [1968] VR 481 ......................................................................... CA.24.80, CA.24.120, CA.24.140, CA.39.120 Honeysett (1987) 10 NSWLR 638; 34 A Crim R 277 .............. CA.93B.100, CA.93C.60, CA.93C.100, CA.423.40, CA.423.60 Honner [1977] Tas SR 1 .............................................................................................................................. CA.428I.40 Hook (1858) Dears & Bell 606 .................................................................................................................. CA.327.200 Hooley (1922) 16 Cr App R 171 ................................................................................................................ CA.176.120

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Hooper [2004] NSWCCA 10 ........................................................................................................................ CA.94.280 Hoost (1802) 2 East PC 950 ......................................................................................................................... CA.250.40 Hopkins [1924] VLR 484 ............................................................................................................................... CA.99.20 Hopley (1915) 11 Cr App R 248 .................................................................... CA.117.200, CA.179.260, CA.179.300 Hopper [1915] 2 KB 431; (1916) 11 Cr App R 136 ................................................................................... CA.23.120 Hopton (unreported, CCA (NSW), 8 October 1998) ................................................................................ CA.52A.200 Hore [2005] NSWCCA 3 ........................................................................................................................... CA.19A.200 Hornbuckle [1945] VLR 281 ..................................................................................................... CA.428I.60, CLP.1180 Hornby (1844) 1 Car & Kir 305 ................................................................................................................. CA.156.120 Horne [1994] Crim LR 584 ............................................................................................................................ CLP.2580 Horry [1952] 71 NZLR 111 .......................................................................... CA.19A.100, CA.19A.160, CA.19A.420 Horseferry Road Magistrates Court; Ex parte K [1997] QB 23; [1996] 3 WLR 68; [1996] 3 All ER 719 ........................................................................................................................................................ CLP.1140 v Horsenail (1919) 14 Cr App R 57 .............................................................................................................. CA.188.240 v Horsham Justices; Ex parte Farquharson [1982] QB 762; [1982] 2 WLR 430; [1982] 2 All ER 269 ............................................................................................................................................................. CPA.56.40 v Horsham Justices; Ex parte Reeves (1980) 75 Cr App R 65 .................................................................... CPA.19.160 v Horsington [1983] 2 NSWLR 72; (1083) 14 A Crim R 118 .......................................................................... CLP.800 v Horton (1998) 45 NSWLR 426; 104 A Crim R 306 ................................................................................. CPA.281.20 v Horvath [1972] VR 533 ............................................................................................................................. CA.52A.200 v Hosgood (1884) 18 SALR 123 .................................................................................................................... CA.66A.80 v Hoskin (1974) 9 SASR 531 ................................................................................. CA.19A.520, CA.33.120, CLP.1400 v Hough (1894) 10 WN (NSW) 205 ............................................................................................................. CA.117.280 v Houlker (unreported, CCA (NSW), 19 March 1993) ............................................................................. DMTA.25.200 v Houlton [2000] NSWCCA 183 ................................................................................................................ CA.178A.240 v House (1921) 16 Cr App R 49 ................................................................................................ CPA.36.20, CPA.160.20 v Houston (1895) 6 QLJ 145 ....................................................................................................... CA.155.40, CA.161.40 v Howard [1966] 1 WLR 13; [1965] 3 All ER 684; (1966) 50 Cr App R 56 ........................................... CA.61HA.80 v Howard [1987] 1 NZLR 347 .................................................................................................... CA.35.120, CA.97.140 v Howard (1992) 29 NSWLR 242 ........................................................................................... CA.345.140, CPA.113.40 v Howard [1993] Crim LR 213 ......................................................................................................................... CA.47.80 v Howard (2005) 152 A Crim R 7; [2005] NSWCCA 25 ........................................................................ DMTA.23.200 v Howarth (1828) 1 Moody 207; 168 ER 1243 .............................................................................................. CA.33.160 v Howe (1958) 100 CLR 448 ............................................................. CA.83.100, CA.423.40, CA.423.60, CA.423.100 v Howe (1958) 100 CLR 448; 32 ALJR 212; [1958] HCA 38 ........................................................................ CLP.2240 v Howe [1987] AC 417; [1987] 2 WLR 568; [1987] 1 All ER 771 ......... CLP.2500, CLP.2620, CLP.2640, CLP.2820 v Howe [1987] AC 417; [1987] 2 WLR 568; (1987) 85 Cr App R 32 ............... CA.27.120, CA.117.200, CA.346.80 v Howell [1982] QB 416; [1981] 3 WLR 501; [1981] 3 All ER 383 ............................. LEPRA.9.40, LEPRA.99.180 v Howes (1971) 2 SASR 293 .............................................................................................................. CLP.680, CLP.740 v Howes (2000) 2 VR 141; (2000) 116 A Crim R 249; [2000] VSCA 159 ......................... CA.61H.20, CA.61HA.80 v Howson (1981) 74 Cr App R 172 ................................................................................................................ CPA.34.20 v Hsing (1991) 25 NSWLR 685; 56 A Crim R 88 ....................................................................................... CPA.19.160 v Huang (1995) 78 A Crim R 111 ................................................................................................................. CA.442B.20 v Hudson [1943] 1 KB 458 ...................................................................................................... CA.117.320, CA.117.400 v Hudson [1966] 1 QB 448; [1965] 2 WLR 604; (1965) 49 Cr App R 69 ................................................... CA.66F.60 v Hudson [1971] 2 QB 202; [1971] 2 WLR 1047; [1971] 2 All ER 244 ................... CLP.2540, CLP.2600, CLP.2640 v Hudson (unreported, CCA (NSW), 24 May 1995) ............................................................... DMTA.7.40, DMTA.7.60 v Hufflett (1919) 84 JP 24 ................................................................................................................................ CA.58.160 v Huggins (1730) 17 St Tr 309 ..................................................................................................................... CA.19A.320 v Huggins (1866) 2 Str 882; 93 ER 915 ...................................................................................................... CA.43A.120 v Huggins (1866) 2 Str 883; 93 ER 915 ........................................................................................................... CA.44.80 v Hughes (1785) 1 Leach 406; 168 ER 305 .................................................................................................... CA.112.80 v Hughes (1813) 2 Lew CC 229 ....................................................................................................................... CLP.1220 v Hughes (1832) 1 Mood 370 .......................................................................................................................... CA.155.40

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Hughes (1844) 1 Car & Kir 519 ................................................................................................................. CA.327.200 Hughes (1850) 4 Cox CC 447 ........................................................................................................................ CA.85.20 Hughes (1858) 1 Foster & Finlason 355 .................................................................................................... CA.179.240 Hughes (1860) Bell 242 .............................................................................................................................. CA.188.100 Hughes (1879) 4 QBD 614 ....................................................................................................................... CPA.156.140 Hughes 173 ER 1038; (1841) 9 Car & P 752 ............................................................................................ CA.61I.100 Hull (1989) 16 NSWLR 385; 41 A Crim R 262 .................................................................... CPA.66.40, CPA.113.20 Hull Prison Board of Visitors [1979] 1 QB 425; 2 WLR 42; 1 All ER 701 .......................................... CPA.156.160 Humphrey [1965] 3 All ER 689 ................................................................................................................... CA.345.80 Humphries (unreported, CCA (NSW), 2 December 1997) .......................................................................... CA.208.20 Hundson (1781) 2 East’s Pleas of the Crown 611 ..................................................................................... CA.512.100 Hunt (1820) 3 Barnewall & Alderson 566 ................................................................................................ CA.545C.60 Hunt (1838) 8 Car & P 642 .......................................................................................................................... CA.157.60 Hunt (1918) 13 Cr App R 155 .................................................................................................................... CA.179.300 Hunt [1968] 2 QB 433; [1968] 3 WLR 231; (1968) 52 Cr App R 580 ......................................................... CLP.780 Hunt [1987] 1 All ER 1 ................................................................................................................................ CA.417.40 Hunt (1996) 88 A Crim R 307 .................................... CA.178A.220, CA.117.200, CA.178BA.160, CA.178BB.140 Hunt [1999] NSWCCA 375 ........................................................................................................................ CPA.214.20 Hunter (1867) 10 Cox CC 642 ................................................................................................................... CA.179.200 Hunter (1989) 51 SASR 158; 44 A Crim R 93 ............................................................................................. CA.4.160 Hunter (1999) 105 A Crim R 223; [1999] NSWCCA 5 ...................................................... CPA.159.20, CPA.160.20 Hunter (unreported, CCA (NSW), 12 August 1990) .................................................................................. CPA.293.80 Hura (2001) 121 A Crim R 472 ................................................................................................................ CPA.154.240 Hurley [1967] VR 526 ......................................... CLP.1400, CLP.2500, CLP.2540, CLP.2600, CLP.2620, CLP.2640 Hurren (1962) 46 Cr App R 323 .............................................................................................................. CA.178C.180 Hurst [1995] 1 Cr App R 82 ........................................................................................................ CLP.2500, CLP.2580 Hussain [1969] 2 QB 567; [1969] 3 WLR 134; [1969] 2 All ER 1117 ........................................................... CLP.80 Hussey (1924) 41 TLR 205; 18 Cr App R 121 ....................................................................................... CPA.154.140 Hussey (1925) 18 Cr App R 160; (1925) 89 JP 28 ................................................................... CA.18.20, CA.423.80 Hutchinson (1677) 3 Keb 785; 84 ER 1011 ............................................................................................. CPA.156.160 Hutchinson (1784) 1 Leach 339 .................................................................................................. CA.4.200, CA.97.120 Hutty [1953] VLR 338 .......................................................................................................... CA.19A.100, CA.22A.40 Huynh [2000] NSWCCA 18 ....................................................................................................................... CA.93C.180 Huynh [2005] NSWCCA 220 ..................................................................................................................... CA.112.160 Huynh (2008) 180 A Crim R 517; [2008] NSWCCA 16 .............................................................................. CLP.2660 Huynh (unreported, CCA (NSW), 13 May 1996) .................................................................................. DMTA.25.200 Hyams (1836) 7 Car & P 441; 173 ER 196 ................................................................................................. CA.112.80 Hyde [1991] 1 QB 134 ............................................................................................................................... CA.345.140 Hyland (1898) 24 VLR 101 ............................................................................................................................ CA.84.80 ICR Haulage Ltd [1944] KB 551; (1945) 30 Cr App R 31 ............................................................................ CLP.740 Iannelli (2003) 56 NSWLR 247; (2003) 139 A Crim R 1; [2003] NSWCCA 1 ......................................... CLP.1060 Iby (2005) 63 NSWLR 278; (2005) 154 A Crim R 55; [2005] NSWCCA 178 ...................................... CA.19A.100 Ignjatic (1993) 68 A Crim R 333 .......................................................................................... CPA.21.120, CPA.21.320 Imad Salameh (1986) 26 A Crim R 353 ................................................................................................... CA.33A.100 Infirri (1981) 5 A Crim R 132 ...................................................................................................................... CA.179.80 Ingham (1864) 5 B & S 257; 122 ER 827 ................................................................................................. CPA.154.20 Ingleson [1915] 1 KB 512; (1916) 11 Cr App R 21 ................................................................................ CPA.154.140 Inglis [1917] VLR 672 .............................................................................................................................. CPA.154.100 Ingram [1956] 2 QB 424; (1956) 40 Cr App R 115 ............................................................................... CA.178C.140 Ingrassia (1997) 41 NSWLR 447; 91 A Crim R 383 ........................................ SPA.10.40, SPA.10.100, SPA.10.140 Inns (1974) 60 Cr App R 231 ................................................................................................................... CPA.154.200 Instan [1893] 1 QB 450 ........................................................................................ CA.19A.180, CA.24.220, CA.44.80 Ion (1852) 21 LJMC 166 .............................................................................................................................. CA.250.80 Ion (1996) 89 A Crim R 81 ..................................................................................................... CPA.36.20, CPA.133.20

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Iongi (1993) 69 A Crim R 441 .............................................................................................. CPA.21.240, CPA.21.260 Ireland [1998] AC 147; [1997] 4 All ER 225; [1998] 1 Cr App R 177 ................................. CA.59.100, CA.61.120 Irwin (2006) 94 SASR 480; (2006) 161 A Crim R 78; [2006] SASC 90 ...................................................... CLP.760 Isaac (1884) 5 NSWLR 369 .......................................................................................................................... CA.117.20 Isaac (1996) 87 A Crim R 513 ..................................................................................................... CA.10E.20, CLP.700 Isaacs (1862) Le & C 220 ............................................................................................................................... CA.82.60 Isaacs (1884) 5 LR (NSW) 369; 1 WN (NSW) 31 ..................................................................................... CA.117.20 Isaacs (1997) 41 NSWLR 374; 90 A Crim R 587 .................................................................... CA.24.20, SPA.Pt1.20 Israel (1869) 8 SCR (NSW) 138 ................................................................................................................ CA.156.120 Ita (2003) 139 A Crim R 340; [2003] NSWCCA 174 ....................................... CA.61J.140, CA.35.120, CA.59.120 Iuliano [1971] VR 412 ...................................................................................................................................... CLP.120 J (1987) 9 NSWLR 615; 30 A Crim R 173 ............................................................................................ CA.178A.180 J (No 2) [1998] 3 VR 602 ................................................................... CA.Pt3.Div10.400, CPA.150.20, CPA.150.120 JAH (unreported, NSWSC, 12 October 1990) ............... CA.Pt3.Div10.320, CA.Pt3.Div10.420, CA.Pt3.Div10.460, CA.Pt3.Div10.480 JCW (2000) 112 A Crim R 466; [2000] NSWCCA 209 ........................................................................... CPA.21.280 JJB (2006) 161 A Crim R 187 ......................................................................... CA.Pt3.Div10.620, CA.Pt3.Div10.660 Jackson (1783) 1 Leach 267; 168 ER 236 ................................................................................. CA.99.60, CA.149.40 Jackson (1813) 3 Campbell 370 ................................................................................................................. CA.179.200 Jackson (1823) 1 Lew 270 .......................................................................................................................... CA.327.200 Jackson (1826) 1 Moody 119 ...................................................................................................................... CA.117.160 Jackson (1844) 1 Car & Kir 384 .................................................................................................................. CA.157.60 Jackson (1857) 7 Cox CC 357 .................................................................................................................... CA.345.100 Jackson (1864) 9 Cox CC 505 .................................................................................................................... CA.125.100 Jackson (1881) 7 VLR 313 ........................................................................................................................... CPA.30.20 Jackson (1890) 17 Cox CC 104 ...................................................................................................................... CA.29.80 Jackson [1891] 1 QB 671 ............................................................................................................................. CA.61.320 Jackson (1904) 4 SR (NSW) 732; 21 WN 241 ............................................................................................ CPA.21.20 Jackson [1953] 1 WLR 591; [1953] 1 All ER 872; (1953) 37 Cr App R 43 ........................................... CPA.159.20 Jackson [1985] Crim LR 442 ........................................................................................................................... CLP.740 Jackson (1987) 11 NSWLR 318; (1987) 30 A Crim R 230 ............................................................................ CLP.780 Jackson (1988) 33 A Crim R 413 ..................................................................................................................... CLP.740 Jackson [2001] NSWCCA 355 ................................................................................................................. CA.176A.100 Jackson [2004] NSWCCA 110 ............................................................................................................... DMTA.25A.20 Jacobs [1993] 2 Qd R 541 .......................................................................................................................... CPA.150.40 Jacobs (2004) 151 A Crim R 452; [2004] NSWCCA 462 ...... CA.19A.20, CA.19A.80, CA.19A.200, CA.19A.540, CA.35.120, CA.94.60, CA.345.160, CPA.162.60 Jakac [1961] VR 367 .................................................................................................................................. CA.19A.500 James (1836) 7 Car & P 553 ........................................................................................................................ CA.250.60 James (1977) 3 QL 359 ................................................................................................................................. CPA.19.40 James (1979) 70 Cr App R 215 .................................................................................................................... CA.46.100 James (1983) 36 SASR 215; 11 A Crim R 272 ........................................................................................... CA.316.80 James 173 ER 429; (1837) 8 Car & P. 131 ................................................................................................. CA.201.20 Jamieson [1988] VR 879; (1987) 34 A Crim R 308 ................................................................................. CA.249B.40 Janceski (2005) 64 NSWLR 10; [2005] NSWCCA 281 ............................................................................ CPA.126.20 Janceski (2006) 64 NSWLR 10; [2005] NSWCCA 281 ............................................................................... CLP.1640 Janson (1849) 4 Cox CC 82 ........................................................................................................................ CA.117.360 Japaljarri (2002) 134 A Crim R 261; [2002] VSCA 154 ........................................ CA.27.120, CLP.2640, CLP.2820 Jaques [2002] NSWCCA 444 ....................................................................................................................... CA.322.60 Jarmain [1946] KB 74; [1945] 2 All ER 613; (1946) 31 Cr App R 39 .................................................. CA.19A.140 Jarman (1878) 14 Cox CC 111 ................................................................................................................... CA.179.200 Jarrald & Ost 169 ER 1404; (1863) Le & Ca 301 ...................................................................................... CA.114.60 Jarvis (1837) 2 Mood & R 40 .................................................................................................................... CA.347.100 Jason Roy Richards (unreported, SC (NSW), Common Law Div, 16 February 1998) ............................ CPA.21.360

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Jasper (2003) 139 A Crim R 329 ................................................................................................................ CPA.19.160 Jeffrey [1967] VR 467 ............................................................................................. CA.428I.60, CLP.1140, CLP.1180 Jeffries (1946) 47 SR (NSW) 284; 64 WN (NSW) 71 ....................................................... CA.58.200, LEPRA.99.60 Jeffries and Bryant (1848) 3 Cox CC 85 ..................................................................................................... CA.345.80 Jell; Ex parte Attorney-General [1991] 1 Qd R 48; 46 A Crim R 261 ............................... CPA.19.160, CPA.113.40 Jenkin (1991) 57 A Crim R 124 ................................................................................................................... CPA.66.40 Jenkins (1877) Knox 295 .............................................................................................................................. CA.33.180 Jenkins (1963) 64 SR (NSW) 20; [1964] NSWR 721; 81 WN (Pt 2) 44 .................................. CLP.1100, CLP.1140 Jenkins [1983] 1 All ER 1000; (1983) 76 Cr App R 313 ............ CA.33.180, CA.35.140, CPA.162.20, CPA.162.40 Jenni Young (unreported, CCA (NSW), 27 October 1993) ...................................................................... CA.310D.80 Jennings (1858) 7 Cox CC 397 .................................................................................................................... CA.156.20 Jennion [1962] 1 WLR 317; [1962] 1 All ER 689; 46 Cr App R 212 ...................................................... CA.23A.60 Jennison (1862) Leigh & Cave 157 ............................................................................................................ CA.179.200 Jensen [1980] VR 194 ................................................................................................................................. CA.345.100 Jerome [1964] Qd R 595 ............................................................................. CPA.154.60, CPA.154.160, CPA.156.220 Jessop (1858) Dearsly & Bell 442 ........................................................................................ CA.179.200, CA.179.280 Johal [1973] QB 475; [1972] 3 WLR 210; [1972] 2 All ER 449 ............................................................... CPA.21.20 John (1875) 13 Cox CC 100 ........................................................................................................................... CA.4.260 John Cox 172 ER 985; (1832) 5 Car & P 297 ............................................................................................. CA.61I.60 Johns [1978] 2 NSWLR 259 ......................................................................................................................... CA.442.20 Johnson (1786) 2 East PC 488 ...................................................................................................................... CA.112.80 Johnson (1822) Rus & Ry 492 ..................................................................................................................... CA.97.120 Johnson (1867) 6 SCR (NSW) 201 ........................................................................................ CA.117.320, CA.118.20 Johnson (1911) 6 Cr App R 218 ................................................................................................................. CA.188.180 Johnson [1961] 1 WLR 1478; [1961] 3 All ER 969; (1961) 46 Cr App R 55 ........................................ CPA.150.20 Johnson [1968] SASR 132 ..................................................................................................... CA.61L.80, CA.61L.100 Johnson (1979) 22 SASR 161 ..................................................................................................................... CPA.159.20 Johnson (2001) 125 A Crim R 564; [2001] NSWCCA 465 ................................................ CPA.19.160, CPA.19.180 Johnson (unreported, CCA (NSW), 23 July 1990) ............................................................... CPA.21.300, CPA.293.60 Johnson (unreported, CCA (Vic), 27 February 1997) ................................. CPA.150.80, CPA.150.100, CPA.150.120 Johnson & Anderson (1864) Leigh & Cave 489 ........................................................................................ CA.117.140 Johnson & Wright (1851) 2 Denison 310 .................................................................................................. CA.117.360 Johnson and Jones (1841) Car & M 218 .................................................................................. CA.345.60, CA.345.80 Johnson 168 ER 999; (1827) 1 Lewin 164 ............................................................................................... CA.19A.360 Johnston (1998) 45 NSWLR 362 ... CA.Pt3.Div10.560, CA.Pt3.Div10.600, CA.Pt3.Div10.620, CA.Pt3.Div10.640, CA.Pt3.Div10.660 Joiner (1910) 4 Cr App R 64 ...................................................................................................................... CA.117.280 Jolly [1982] VR 46 ........................................................................................................................................ CA.444.40 Jones (1664) Kelyng’s Crown Cases 37 ........................................................................................................ CLP.1220 Jones (1779) 1 Doug 300 .............................................................................................................................. CA.250.40 Jones (1834) 6 Car & P 343; 172 ER 1269 ............................................................................................ LEPRA.23.80 Jones (1837) 7 Car & P 834 ......................................................................................................................... CA.157.60 Jones (1846) 175 ER 98; 2 Car & K 236 .................................................................................................. CA.117.220 Jones (1849) 3 Cox CC 441 ...................................................................................... CA.27.80, CA.96.80, CA.98.180 Jones (1850) 1 Denison 551 ....................................................................................................................... CA.179.280 Jones (1851) 2 Car & K 398; 175 ER 164 .................................................................................................... CA.31.80 Jones (1858) Dears & Bell 555 .................................................................................................................... CA.139.60 Jones [1898] 1 QB 119 ....................................................................................................... CA.178C.140, CA.179.200 Jones (1905) 22 WN (NSW) 234 ............................................................................................................... CA.188.240 Jones (1925) 19 Cr App R 39 ..................................................................................................................... CA.117.320 Jones (1934) 24 Cr App R 55 .................................................................................................................... CA.78A.100 Jones [1949] 1 KB 194; (1948) 33 Cr App R 33 ...................................................................................... CA.347.100 Jones [1971] VR 72 ....................................................................................................................................... CPA.19.40 Jones (1974) 59 Cr App R 120 ..................................................................................................... CLP.680, CPA.17.20

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Jones (1986) 22 A Crim R 42 ...................................................................................................................... CA.23A.60 Jones (1995) 38 NSWLR 652; 78 A Crim R 504 ............................ CA.24.60, CA.24.140, CA.24.160, CA.423.140 Jones [2008] QB 460; [2007] EWCA Crim 1118; [2007] 3 WLR 907; [2007] 4 All ER 112 ..... CLP.900, CLP.960 Jones (unreported, CCA (NSW), 15 November 1963) ................................................................................ CA.54.100 Jones (No 2) (1972) 56 Cr App R 413 ......................................................................................................... CPA.34.20 Jones and Hayes (1877) 14 Cox CC 3 ....................................................................................................... CA.188.240 Jones and Palmer (1785) 1 Leach 366 ......................................................................................................... CA.250.40 Jones 110 ER 485; (1832) 4 B & Ad 345 ....................................................................................................... CLP.660 Jones 170 ER 1105; (1809) 2 Camp 131 ....................................................................................................... CLP.1460 Joon Hong Ra (unreported, CCA (NSW), 17 June 1992) ....................................................................... DMTA.26.60 Jordan (1956) 40 Cr App R 152 ....................................................................................................................... CLP.540 Jorgic [1963] NSWR 66; 80 WN (NSW) 761 ........................................................................................... CA.117.440 Josifoski [1997] 2 VR 68; 88 A Crim R 399 ................................................................................................ CLP.2240 Jovanovic (1997) 42 NSWLR 520; 98 A Crim R 1 ........................................................................ CA.Pt3.Div10.180 Jovanovic (1999) 106 A Crim R 548 .......................................................................................................... CPA.154.20 Joyce [1968] NZLR 1070 .......................................................................................................... CA.35.120, CA.97.140 Joyce [1970] SASR 184 ............................................................................................... CLP.260, CLP.1080, CLP.1140 Juby (1886) 16 Cox CC 160 .................................................................................................................... CA.178C.140 Julian (1998) 100 A Crim R 430 ........................................................................................................................ CLP.80 Jura [1954] 1 QB 506 ................................................................................................................................... CA.97.120 Jurca [1986] 6 NSWLR 491; 23 A Crim R 439 ............................................................. CA.178BB.240, CA.327.220 Jurisic (1998) 45 NSWLR 209; (1998) 101 A Crim R 259; 29 MVR 523 ............................................. CA.52A.240 Justelius [1973] 1 NSWLR 471 ..................................................... CA.117.20, CA.117.80, CA.117.360, CA.179.200 Justices of Galway [1906] 2 IR KB 499 .................................................................................................. CPA.156.140 K (1983) 78 Cr App R 82; [1983] Crim. LR 736 ......................................................................................... CLP.2640 K (1993) 118 ALR 596 ................................................................................................................................. CA.58.200 KNL (2005) 154 A Crim R 268; [2005] NSWCCA 260 .......................................................................... CA.66A.120 KRM (1999) 105 A Crim R 437 ............................................................................................................... CPA.150.200 Kaddour (2005) 156 A Crim R 11; [2005] NSWCCA 303 ..................................................................... DMTA.24.80 Kady (unreported, CCA (NSW), 18 June 1993) ........................................... DMTA.7.40, DMTA.7.60, DMTA.29.60 Kaitamaki [1980] 1 NZLR 59 ...................................................................................................................... CA.61H.20 Kakelo [1923] 2 KB 793; (1923) 17 Cr App R 149 .................................................................... CA.10.40, CPA.8.20 Kalajzich (1989) 39 A Crim R 415 ................................................................................ CLP.680, CLP.780, CLP.1400 Kalajzich (1997) 94 A Crim R 41 .................................................................................................................. CA.26.20 Kaldor (2004) 150 A Crim R 271; [2004] NSWCCA 425 .............................................................................. CLP.580 Kalia (1974) 60 Cr App R 200 ..................................................................................................................... CPA.36.20 Kalinowski (1930) 31 SR (NSW) 377; 48 WN (NSW) 97 ....................................................................... CA.345.100 Kamipeli [1975] 2 NZLR 610 ..................................................................................................................... CA.428I.40 Kanaan (2005) 64 NSWLR 527; 157 A Crim R 238; [2005] NSWCCA 385 ................... CA.19A.20, CA.19A.600, CA.35.140, CPA.150.100, CPA.162.40, CPA.162.60 Kane [1967] NZLR 60 ................................................................................................................................ CA.319.140 Kane (2001) 3 VR 542; 123 A Crim R 385; [2001] VSCA 153 ............................................................... CPA.162.60 Kane [2001] NSWCCA 150 ................................................................................................................... LEPRA.99.160 Kanwar [1982] 1 WLR 845; [1982] 2 All ER 528; (1982) 75 Cr App R 87 ........................................... CA.188.220 Kapeliotis (1995) 82 A Crim R 300 ....................................................................... CLP.760, CPA.21.60, CPA.21.100 Karageorge (1998) 103 A Crim R 157 ......................................................................................................... CPA.19.40 Karam (1995) 83 A Crim R 416 ................................................................................................................. DMTA.7.40 Kardogeros [1991] 1 VR 269; 49 A Crim R 352 ..................................................................................... CPA.154.220 Karounos (1995) 63 SASR 451; 77 A Crim R 479 ................................................................................... CPA.19.180 Kastratovic (1985) 42 SASR 59; 19 A Crim R 28 ......... CA.176A.80, CA.192E.140, CA.117.200, CA.178BA.140, CLP.80, CLP.800 Kastratovic (1985) 42 SASR 59; 19 A Crim R 28 .................................................................................... CA.197.100 Katarzynski [2002] NSWSC 613 .................................................................................................................. CA.423.40 Katarzynski [2005] NSWCCA 72 ............................................ CA.19A.80, CA.19A.140, CA.19A.160, CA.19A.500

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Kay (1857) Dearsly & Bell 231 .................................................................................................................. CA.117.360 Kay (1925) 19 Cr App R 42 ....................................................................................................................... CA.179.300 Kay (1998) 100 A Crim R 367 ................................................................................................................... CPA.21.320 Kay [2000] NSWSC 716 ............................................................................................................................... CA.86.220 Kay (unreported, CCA (NSW), 27 April 1998) ......................................................................................... CPA.19.180 Keane (1929) 47 WN (NSW) 10 ............................................................................................................... CA.249B.40 Keenan (1994) 76 A Crim R 374 ........................................................................................... CA.545B.40, CA.417.40 Keenan (2009) 236 CLR 397; 192 A Crim R 566; [2009] HCA 1 .......................................... CLP.580, CPA.162.60 Kellert (1961) 80 WN (NSW) 307 .......................................................................................................... CA.527C.160 Kellett [1976] QB 372; [1975] 3 WLR 713; [1975] 3 All ER 468 .......................................................... CA.319.140 Kelly (1820) Russ & Ry 421 ........................................................................................................................ CA.345.80 Kelly [1934] VLR 29 ............................................................................................................................... CA.178C.160 Kelly [1958] VR 412 .................................................................................................................................. CA.52A.180 Kelly [1964] 1 QB 173; [1963] 3 WLR 835; (1964) 48 Cr App R 1 ................................... CA.112.80, CA.112.140 Kemp [1957] 1 QB 399; [1956] 3 WLR 724; [1956] 3 All ER 249 ....... CLP.340, CLP.1060, CLP.1080, CLP.1120 Kendall (unreported, CCA (NSW), 14 February 1991) ....................................... CA.24.120, CA.24.200, CA.24.220 Kendrick and Smith (1931) 23 Cr App R 1; All ER 851 .......................................................................... CPA.156.80 Kennedy [1923] SASR 183 ............................................................................................................................ CLP.1480 Kennedy (1979) 37 FLR 356 .............................................................................................................................. CLP.80 Kennedy (1997) 94 A Crim R 341 ..................................................................... CLP.1700, CPA.19.120, CPA.19.180 KennedyPolice v Kennedy ; (1998) 71 SASR 175; sub nom(1998) 100 A Crim R 377 ............................. CA.7.120 Kennedy [2007] UKHL 38; [2008] 1 AC 269; [2007] 3 WLR 612; [2007] 4 All ER 1083; [2008] 1 Cr App R 19 ............................. CA.38A.80, CA.38.80, CA.39.80, CA.41.80, CLP.140, CLP.400, CLP.420 v Kenrick (1843) 5 QB 49 ............................................................................................................................. CA.179.200 v Kent-Newbold (1939) 62 CLR 398 .......................................................................................................... CPA.154.200 v Keogh [1964] VR 400 ............................................................................................................... CA.428I.60, CLP.1180 v Kerekes (1951) 70 WN (NSW) 102 ..................................................................................... CPA.21.120, CPA.21.320 v Kerr (1837) 8 Car & P 176 ......................................................................................................................... CA.117.420 v Kerr [1988] 1 NZLR 270 .............................................................................................................................. CA.61.100 v Kersey (1909) 1 Cr App R 260 ...................................................................................................................... CA.85.20 v Kershaw (1902) 18 TLR 357 ............................................................................................................................ CLP.560 v Kesisyan [2003] NSWCCA 259 ....................................................................................................... CA.Pt3.Div10.660 v Keyowski (1986) 28 CCC (3d) 553 ............................................................................................................ CPA.19.160 v Keyowski (1988) 40 CCC (3d) 481 ...................................................................................... CPA.19.140, CPA.19.160 v Khalil (1987) 44 SASR 23 .......................................................................................................................... CA.117.440 v Khazaal (2012) 246 CLR 601; 217 A Crim R 96; [2012] HCA 26 ............................................................. CLP.2900 v Khouzame (1999) 108 A Crim R 170; [1999] NSWCCA 173 .................................................................. CPA.21.160 v Kidman (1915) 20 CLR 425 ....................................................................................................................... CA.176.120 v Kilbourne [1973] AC 729; [1973] 2 WLR 254; (1973) 57 Cr App R 381 .................................................... CLP.580 v Kilbride (1932) 23 Cr App R 12 ............................................................................................................... CA.78A.100 v Kilham (1870) LR 1 CCR 261 ..................................................................................................................... CA.180.20 v Kilkenny (1890) 16 VLR 139 ..................................................................................................................... CA.327.120 v Kimber [1983] 1 WLR 1118; 3 All ER 316; (1983) 77 Cr App R 225 ................................. CA.61HA.100, CLP.80 v Kinash [1982] Qd R 648; (1981) 5 A Crim R 240 ......................................................................................... CLP.540 v Kincaid [1991] 2 NZLR 1 ................................................................................................................ CA.Pt3.Div10.400 v Kinder (1800) 2 East 855 .............................................................................................................................. CA.250.40 v Kindon (1957) 41 Cr App R 208 ................................................................................................................ CA.117.320 v King (1817) Russ & Ry 332; 168 ER 830 ........................................................................... CA.94AA.20, CA.345.80 v King (1844) 1 Cox CC 36 .......................................................................................................................... CA.186.100 v King [1897] 1 QB 214 .................................................................................... CA.179.200, CA.179.280, CPA.21.280 v King (1908) 25 WN (NSW) 168 .......................................................................................... CA.117.280, CA.126.200 v King (1914) 10 Cr App R 117 ..................................................................................................................... SOA.15.40 v King [1938] 2 All ER 662 .......................................................................................................................... CA.188.160 v King (1978) 19 SASR 118 ............................................................................................................................ CA.112.80

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King (1985) 17 A Crim R 184 ...................................................................................................................... CA.346.80 King (1986) 15 FCR 427; 22 A Crim R 153 ........................................................................................... CPA.150.120 King [1987] 2 WLR 746 ............................................................................................................................. CA.179.280 King [1992] QB 20; (1991) 93 Cr App R 259 .............................................................................................. CA.4.260 King (1995) 78 A Crim R 53 ........... CA.Pt3.Div10.320, CA.Pt3.Div10.360, CA.Pt3.Div10.400, CA.Pt3.Div10.500 King (2003) 59 NSWLR 472; 139 A Crim R 132; [2003] NSWCCA 399 ..... CA.19A.100, CLP.1400, CPA.19.100 King (2004) 59 NSWLR 515; 144 A Crim R 405; [2004] NSWCCA 20 ............................ CA.94.140, CPA.162.60 Kinghorne (1982) 8 A Crim R 41 .............................................................................................................. CA.52A.140 Kingston [1995] 2 AC 355; [1994] 3 WLR 519; [1994] 3 All ER 353 .................................................... CA.428I.40 Kingswell [1984] 3 NSWLR 273; (1984) 14 A Crim R 211 .......................................................................... CLP.760 Kinloch (1746) Fost 16 ................................................................................................................................. CPA.46.40 Kinsey (1836) 7 C & P 447; 173 ER 198 .............................................................................................. LEPRA.23.80 Kirk (1901) 20 NZLR 463 ....................................................................................................................... CA.178A.180 Kirkby (1998) 105 A Crim R 323 ............................................................................................................ CPA.154.260 Kirkland [2005] NSWCCA 130 .................................................................................................................... CA.33.200 Kirkman (1987) 44 SASR 591 ................................................................................................................... CA.19A.600 Kissier (1982) 7 A Crim R 171 ........................................................................................................................ CLP.120 Kitchener (1993) 29 NSWLR 696 ..................................................................... CA.4A.40, CA.61HA.100, CLP.1300 Kite (1992) 60 A Crim R 226 ..................................................................................................................... CPA.19.160 Kitson (1955) 39 Cr App R 66 .................................................................................................................. CA.52A.120 Klein (1932) 23 Cr App R 185 ..................................................................................................................... CA.189.20 Kneebone (1999) 47 NSWLR 450 ................................................................................................................ CPA.36.20 Knewland (1796) 2 Leach 721; 168 ER 461 ............................................................................................... CA.94.140 Knight (1823) 1 Carrington & Payne 116 ..................................................................................................... CLP.1220 Knight (1871) 12 Cox CC 102 ................................................................................................................... CA.117.420 Knight (1988) 35 A Crim R 314 ........................................................................... CA.61.100, CA.61.120, CA.94.220 Knight (1990) 51 A Crim R 323 ......................................................................................... CPA.156.20, CPA.156.160 Knight [2004] NSWCCA 145 ........................................................................................................................... CLP.680 Knill (1822) 2 B & Ald 929n ..................................................................................................................... CA.327.200 Knock (1877) 14 Cox CC 1 ............................................................................................................................ CA.18.20 Knutsen [1963] Qd R 157 ................................................................................................................................ CLP.120 Komljenovic (1994) 76 A Crim R 521 ....................................................................................................... CPA.19.180 Komornick [1986] VR 845; (1984) 14 A Crim R 256 ................................................................................ CPA.36.20 Koolmatrie (1989) 52 SASR 482 ................................................................................................................ CPA.19.180 Korff (1852) Legge 716 .............................................................................................................................. CA.179.280 Kotish (1948) 93 CCC 138 ............................................................................................................................... CLP.760 Kovacs [1974] 1 WLR 370; [1974] 1 All ER 1236 ............................................................................. CA.178BA.120 Kovacs [1974] 1 WLR 370; [1974] 1 All ER 1236; (1974) 58 Cr App R 412 ..................................... CA.192E.160 Kranz (1991) 53 A Crim R 331 .................................................................................................................. CPA.160.20 Krause (1902) 66 JP 121; 18 TLR 238 .......................................................................................... CA.26.40, CLP.960 Kringle [1953] Tas SR 52 ........................................................................................................ CPA.21.20, CPA.150.40 Kristo (1989) 39 A Crim R 86 .......................................................................................... CA.344A.80, CA.344A.100 Kritz [1950] 1 KB 82 .................................................................................................................................. CA.179.300 Kron (1995) 78 A Crim R 474 ................ CA.192E.200, CA.192E.220, CA.192F.180, CA.178BA.140, CA.179.320 Kuckailis [2001] NSWCCA 333 ................................................................................................................... CA.61.160 Kuff [1962] VR 578 .............................................................................................................. CA.179.240, CA.179.280 Kukinoski (unreported, CCA (NSW), 17 August 1989) ............................................................................ CPA.154.60 Kumar (2002) 5 VR 193; 133 A Crim R 245; [2002] VSCA 139 .............................................................. CA.23.180 Kupferberg (1918) 13 Cr App R 166 ....................................................................................................... CPA.156.120 Kurtic (1996) 85 A Crim R 57 ..................................... CA.428I.60, CA.5.80, CA.423.60, CA.423.140, CPA.133.20 Kutas (1923) 17 Cr App R 179 .................................................................................................................... CA.189.20 Kwaku Mensah [1946] AC 83 ...................................................................................................................... CA.61.120 Kylsant (Lord) [1932] 1 KB 442; [1931] All ER 179; (1931) 23 Cr App R 83 ......... CA.176.120, CA.178BB.200, CA.179.200

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L (1989) 43 A Crim R 51 ............................................................................................................................. CPA.30.20 L (1991) 174 CLR 379; 66 ALJR 36; [1991] HCA 48 ............................................................ CA.61I.60, CA.61T.20 LJM (1994) 68 ALJR 208 ........................................................................................................................... CPA.156.40 LK (2010) 241 CLR 177; (2010) 202 A Crim R 522; [2010] HCA 17 ......................... CLP.660, CLP.720, CLP.740 LK (2010) 241 CLR 177; (2010) 202 A Crim R 523; [2010] HCA 17 ......................................................... CLP.980 LK (2010) 241 CLR 177; 202 A Crim R 522; [2010] HCA 17 ................................................................... CLP.1820 LR (2005) 156 A Crim R 354 .......................................................................................................... CA.Pt3.Div10.180 LTP [2004] NSWCCA 109 ............................................................................... CA.Pt3.Div10.560, CA.Pt3.Div10.600 Lackey [1954] Crim LR 57 ........................................................................................................................... CA.112.80 Lagan (2001) 127 A Crim R 262; [2001] ACTSC 131 ................................................................................. CA.39.80 Lake (1976) 64 Cr App R 172 .................................................................................................................... CPA.21.340 Laker (1949) 34 Cr App R 36 .................................................................................................................. CA.178C.140 Lam (1990) 46 A Crim R 402 ............................................................................................................................ CLP.80 Lam (2002) 135 A Crim R 302 .............................................................................................................. DMTA.25.200 Lam (2005) 159 A Crim R 448; [2005] VSC 294 .................................................................................... CA.19A.200 Lam (No 22) (2005) 15 VR 574; 164 A Crim R 445; [2005] VSC 296 ................................. CA.19A.280, CLP.420 Lamb [1967] 2 QB 981; [1967] 3 WLR 888; (1967) 51 Cr App R 417 .................................................... CA.24.120 Lambassi [1927] VLR 349 .......................................................................................................................... CA.179.280 Lambert [1919] VLR 205 .......................................................................................................................... CA.61HA.40 Lambie [1981] 3 WLR 88; (1981) 73 Cr App R 294 .......................................................................... CA.178BA.120 Lambie [1982] AC 449; [1981] 3 WLR 88; (1981) 73 Cr App R 294 .......................... CA.192E.120, CA.192E.160 Lanauze (1847) 2 Cox CC 362 ....................................................................................................................... CA.4.260 Landy [1943] VLR 73 ................................................................................................................................. CPA.21.380 Lane [1983] 2 VR 449; 8 A Crim R 182 ..................................................................................................... CA.423.40 Lane (1986) 82 Cr App R 5 ....................................................................................................................... CA.19A.220 Lane (1990) 53 SASR 480; 48 A Crim R 161 ........................................................................................... CPA.154.60 Lane (2011) 221 A Crim R 309; [2011] NSWCCA 157 ................................................................................. CLP.580 Lang (1976) 62 Cr App R 50 .................................................................................................................... CA.61HA.80 Lang [2008] NSWCCA 41 .......................................................................................................................... CA.112.100 Langbein (2008) 181 A Crim R 378 ................................................................................................ CA.Pt3.Div10.520 Lange (1986) 25 A Crim R 139 .................................................................................................................... CPA.30.20 Langham (1984) 36 SASR 48; 12 A Crim R 391 .................................................................. CA.94.100, CA.117.200 Langlands [1932] VLR 450 ................................................................................... CA.94.120, CA.97.140, CA.97.220 Langmead (1864) 9 Cox CC ....................................................................................................................... CA.117.440 Langridge (1996) 87 A Crim R 1 ................................................................................................................. CPA.17.20 Lansdell (unreported, CCA (NSW), 30 March 1995) .................................................................................. CA.322.40 Lanteri (1985) 4 NSWLR 359 ...................................................................................................................... CA.351.40 Lapier (1784) 1 Leach 320; 168 ER 263 ............................................................ CA.94.100, CA.94.300, CA.117.140 Lardner (unreported, Court of Criminal Appeal, NSW, No 60499 of 1997, 10 September 1998) ............................................................................................................................................ CA.59.100, CA.60.160 v Large [1939] 1 All ER 753; (1940) 27 Cr App R 65 .................................................................................... CA.24.40 v Larkin [1943] 1 KB 174; 1 All ER 217; 29 Cr App R 18 ................................. CA.19A.660, CA.24.80, CA.24.120 v Lars (1994) 73 A Crim R 91 ............................................................................. CPA.21.20, CPA.36.20, CPA.154.200 v Latif [1995] 1 Cr App R 270 ...................................................................................................................... CPA.19.160 v Latimer (1886) 17 QBD 359 ....................................................................................................... CA.5.180, CA.35.100 v Lattouf (1980) 2 A Crim R 65 .................................................................................................................... CPA.150.20 v Lauchlan (1999) 103 A Crim R 594 ........................................................................................................... CA.117.200 v Laurie (1986) 23 A Crim R 219; [1987] 2 Qd R 762 .......................................................................... CA.178BA.140 v Laurie [1987] 2 Qd R 762; 23 A Crim R 219 ......................................................................................... CA.192E.140 v Lavallee [1990] 1 SCR 852; 55 CCC (3d) 97 ............................................................................................. CA.423.60 v Lavender [2004] NSWCCA 120 ................................................................................................................... CA.24.240 v Lavender (2005) 222 CLR 67; (2005) 155 A Crim R 458; [2005] HCA 37 ....... CA.44.100, CA.54.100, CLP.1300, CLP.1380 v Laverty [1970] 3 All ER 432; (1970) 54 Cr App R 495 ............................................. CA.192E.160, CA.178BA.120

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Lavery [No 2] (1978) 19 SASR 515 ................................................................................... CA.33.160, LEPRA.99.40 Lavey (1850) 3 Car & Kir 26 ..................................................................................................................... CA.327.160 Lawford (1993) 61 SASR 542; 69 A Crim R 115 ......................................... CA.19A.180, CA.19A.500, CA.24.200 Lawrence (1830) 4 Car & P 231; 172 ER 683 ............................................................................................ CA.112.80 Lawrence (1890) 16 VLR 164 ................................................................................................................. LEPRA.23.80 Lawrence [1933] AC 699 .............................................................................................................................. CPA.34.20 Lawrence [1980] 1 NSWLR 122 ..... CLP.2500, CLP.2520, CLP.2540, CLP.2560, CLP.2580, CLP.2600, CLP.2640, CLP.2660 v Lawrence [1982] AC 510; [1981] 2 WLR 524; [1981] 1 All ER 974 ......................................................... CLP.1880 v Lawrence [1997] 1 VR 459; (1996) 86 A Crim R 412 .................................... CA.117.200, CA.178BA.140, CLP.80 v Lawrence [1997] 1 VR 459; 86 A Crim R 412 ....................................................................................... CA.192E.140 v Lawrence (unreported, CCA (NSW), 30 September 1994) ........................................................................ CA.428I.40 v Laws (2000) 50 NSWLR 96; 116 A Crim R 63; [2000] NSWSC 880 ........................................................ CA.26.40 v Lawson [1905] 1 KB 541 ............................................................................................................................. CA.173.80 v Lawson [1952] 1 All ER 804; (1952) 36 Cr App R 30 ............................................................................... CA.161.20 v Lawson [1986] VR 515; (1985) 18 A Crim R 360 ..................... CA.24.160, CA.423.40, CA.423.100, CA.423.120, CA.423.140 v Lawson (1996) 86 A Crim R 111 ............................................................................. CA.173.160, CA.180.20, CLP.80 v Lawson [2005] NSWCCA 346 ..................................................................................................................... CA.38.120 v Laz [1998] 1 VR 453 ................................................................................................................................ CA.61HA.40 v Lazos (1992) 78 A Crim R 388 ........................................................................ CA.Pt3.Div10.420, CA.Pt3.Div10.500 v Le [2000] NSWCCA 49 .................................................................................................................... CA.Pt3.Div10.520 v Le Boursicot (1994) 79 A Crim R 548 ....................................................................................................... CPA.216.20 v Le Broc (2000) 2 VR 43; 114 A Crim R 546; [2000] VSCA 125 ..................................... CA.25A.140, CPA.162.80 v Le Brun [1992] 1 QB 61; [1991] 3 WLR 653; [1991] 4 All ER 673 .......................................................... CLP.1320 v Leaf-Milham (1987) 47 SASR 499; (1987) 30 A Crim R 68 .................................................................. CA.52A.200 v Lean (1993) 66 A Crim R 296 ................................................................................................ CA.423.60, CA.423.100 v Leavitt [1985] 1 Qd R 343; (1984) 12 A Crim R 184 ............................................................................. CA.33A.100 v Ledbitter (1825) 1 Mood CC 76 ............................................................................................. CA.133.80, CA.186.100 v Lee (1834) 6 Car & P 536 .......................................................................................................................... CA.347.100 v Lee [1864] Leigh & Cave 418 .................................................................................................................... CA.179.200 v Lee (1895) 16 LR (NSW) 6; 11 WN (NSW) 121 ................................................................... CA.426.20, CPA.46.40 v Lee (1950) 82 CLR 133; [1950] HCA 25 ......................................................................... CPA.156.40, LEPRA.99.60 v Lee (1990) 1 WAR 411; 47 A Crim R 187 ............................................. CA.344A.80, CA.344A.100, CA.344A.140 v Lee (1994) 76 A Crim R 271 ........................ CA.52A.40, CLP.740, DMTA.23.160, DMTA.24.120, DMTA.25.140, DMTA.26.80, DMTA.33.20 v Lee (2000) 50 NSWLR 289; [2000] NSWCCA 444 ................................................................................. CPA.296.20 v Lee (unreported, CCA (NSW), 19 June 1997) ..................................................................................... CA.178BB.160 v Lee (unreported, DC (NSW), 26 February 1997) ...................................................................................... CPA.281.20 v Lee (unreported CCA (NSW), 19 June 1997) ......................................................................................... CA.192G.120 v Lee Chun-Chuen [1963] AC 220 ................................................................................................................ CA.423.140 v Lee Kun [1916] 1 KB 337; (1916) 11 Cr App R 293 ................................................................................. CPA.34.20 v Lee On Yick (1896) 13 WN (NSW) 86 ....................................................................................................... CA.351.60 v Leece (1995) 78 A Crim R 531 .................................................................................................................... CA.31.100 v Leece (1996) 65 FCR 544; 86 A Crim R 494 ............................................................................................ CPA.113.40 v Leeds Justices; Ex parte Sykes [1983] 1 WLR 132; [1983] 1 All ER 460; (1983) 76 Cr App R 129 ............................................................................................................................................................... CPA.56.40 v Lees [1999] NSWCCA 301 ........................................................................................................................... CA.23.100 v Lefroy (2004) 150 A Crim R 82 ...................................................................................................... CA.Pt3.Div10.180 v Leicester City Justices; Ex parte Barrow [1991] 2 WLR 974; 3 All ER 935 ............................................ CPA.36.20 v Leigh (1800) 2 East PC 694 ....................................................................................................................... CA.117.160 v Lemon [1979] 1 All ER 898 ......................................................................................................................... CA.529.40 v Lemsatef [1977] 1 WLR 812; [1977] 2 All ER 835; 64 Cr App R 242 ............................................... LEPRA.99.40 v Lenard (1992) 58 A Crim R 123 ................................................................................................................ CA.117.200

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Lennard [1973] 1 WLR 483; 2 All ER 831; (1973) 57 Cr App R 542 .................................................... CA.316.200 Leon [1945] KB 136; (1944) 30 Cr App R 128 ..................................................................................... CA.178C.100 Leonard (1848) 1 Denison 304 ................................................................................................................... CA.179.200 Leoni (1892) 18 VLR 469 ............................................................................................................................. CA.311.20 Leoni [1999] NSWCCA 14 ................................................................................... CA.35.120, CA.86.180, CA.97.140 Leontis (unreported, CCA (NSW), 12 May 1993) ................................................................................. DMTA.25.200 Lesi [2005] NSWCCA 63 ............................................................................................................................. CA.97.240 Leskinen (1978) 36 FLR 414 ........................................................................................................................ CA.54.100 Lesley [1996] 1 Cr App R 39 ................................................................................................................... CPA.150.120 Lessard (1982) 10 CCC (3d) 61 ....................................................................................................................... CLP.740 Lester (1938) 27 Cr App R 8 ...................................................................................................................... CPA.19.160 Lester (1955) 39 Cr App R 157 .................................................................................................................. CA.114.100 Leung (1999) 47 NSWLR 405; [1999] NSWCCA 287 ......................................................................... DMTA.25.200 Levine and Wood (1867) 10 Cox CC 374 ................................................................................................. CA.179.200 Levy [1912] 1 KB 158; (1911) 7 Cr App R 61 ..................................................................... CA.347.40, CA.347.100 Lewis (1827) 2 Car & P 628; 172 ER 285 .................................................................................................. CA.112.80 Lewis (1869) 11 Cox CC 404 ..................................................................................................................... CA.179.200 Lewis (1910) 4 Cr App R 96 ...................................................................................................................... CA.188.160 Lewis [1913] VLR 227 ................................................................................................................................... CLP.1520 Lewis (1914) 10 Tas LR 48 ........................................................................................................................ CA.327.160 Lewis [1975] 1 NZLR 222 ........................................................................................................ CA.19A.300, CLP.440 Lewis (1998) 100 A Crim R 361 .................................................................................................................... CA.26.40 Li (unreported, CCA (NSW), No 60610 of 1996, 9 July 1997) .................................................................. CA.61J.20 Liberti (1991) 55 A Crim R 120 ....................................................................................... CPA.154.200, CPA.154.220 Licardy (Unreported CCA (NSW) 26.5.95) .......................................................................................... CA.178BA.100 Liffidge (1853) Legge 793 ............................................................................................................................ CA.155.40 Lilliecrap (1905) 22 WN (NSW) 125 ......................................................................................................... CA.131.120 Lillis [1972] 2 QB 236; [1972] 2 WLR 1409; [1972] 2 All ER 1209 .............. CA.33.180, CA.35.140, CPA.162.40 Lillyman [1896] 2 QB 167 ............................................... CA.Pt3.Div10.320, CA.Pt3.Div10.360, CA.Pt3.Div10.560 Lince (1873) 12 Cox CC 451 ..................................................................................................................... CA.179.280 Lindsay (1902) 18 TLR 761 ...................................................................................................................... CA.78A.100 Lindsay (1916) 30 DLR 417 ...................................................................................................................... CA.78A.100 Lindsay [1963] Qd R 386 ............................................................................................................................. CA.117.20 Lindsay (1977) 18 SASR 103 .......................................................................................................................... CLP.580 Linehan [1921] VLR 582 ............................................................................................................................ CA.327.200 Linekar [1995] 2 Cr App R 49 ................................................................................................................. CA.61HA.80 Lines 174 ER 861; (1844) 1 Car & K 393 ................................................................................................... CA.61I.60 Linskey (1986) 23 A Crim R 224 ......................................................................................... CPA.293.40, CPA.293.80 Lipman [1970] 1 QB 152; [1969] 3 WLR 819; [1969] 3 All ER 410 .................................... CA.428I.40, CLP.1180 Liristis [2004] NSWCCA 287 ............................................................................................... CA.327.160, CA.327.180 List [1966] 1 WLR 9; [1965] 3 All ER 710; (1965) 50 Cr App R 81 ..................................................... CA.188.240 Lister (1856) 7 Cox CC 203 ......................................................................................................................... CA.157.60 Littleboy [1934] 2 KB 408; All ER 434 ............................................................................... CPA.63.20, CPA.150.140 Littler (2001) 120 A Crim R 512 ................................................................................................................ CPA.19.180 Livingstone [2004] NSWCCA 122 ................................................................................................................ CA.4A.20 Lloyd (1923) 17 Cr App R 184 ............................................................................................ CA.113.20, CPA.154.140 Lloyd [1967] 1 QB 175; (1965) 50 Cr App R 61 ....................................................................................... CA.23A.60 Lo (2000) 115 A Crim R 53; [2000] NSWSC 714 ...................................................................................... SPA.23.20 Lo [2003] NSWCCA 313 ................................................................................................................................ CA.26.20 Lobell [1957] 1 QB 547; [1957] 2 WLR 524; (1957) 41 Cr App R 100 ..................................................... CA.18.20 Locchi (1991) 22 NSWLR 309 ................................................................................................................. DMTA.25.80 Lock (1997) 91 A Crim R 356 ..................................................................................................................... CA.423.60 Lockett [1914] 2 KB 720; (1913) 9 Cr App R 268 ............................................................... CA.188.40, CPA.21.180 Lockley (1864) 4 F & F 155 ..................................................................................................................... LEPRA.9.40

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Lockwood; Ex parte A-G (Qld) [1981] Qd R 209 ............................................................................................ CLP.80 Logan [1962] QWN 3 ..................................................................................................................................... CA.77.60 Lomas (1913) 9 Cr App R 220 ..................................................................................................................... CA.346.80 London (1871) 24 LT 232 ........................................................................................................................... CA.327.180 Longden 168 ER 774; (1812) Russ & Ry 228 .............................................................................................. CA.18.20 Longford (1970) 92 WN (NSW) 763 ........................................................................................................ CA.441A.20 Longman (1980) 72 Cr App R 121 .................................................................................................................. CLP.780 Longstreeth (1826) 1 Moody 137 ......................................................................................... CA.117.160, CA.117.360 Lonie [1999] NSWCCA 319 .............................................................................................................................. CLP.80 Lopatta (1983) 35 SASR 101; 10 A Crim R 447 ...................................................................................... CA.117.200 Lord [2001] NSWCCA 533 ........................................................................................................................... SPA.10.60 Lord Kylsant [1932] 1 KB 442; (1931) 23 Cr App R 83 ....................................................................... CA.192G.120 Lord and Fraser [1983] Crim LR 191 ........................................................................................................ CPA.19.180 Lorkin (1995) 15 WAR 499; 82 A Crim R 196 ................................................................... CPA.19.160, CPA.113.40 Lotze (1865) 4 SCR (NSW) 86 .............................................................................................. CA.179.200, CA.181.40 Louden (1995) 37 NSWLR 683 ............................................................................................... CLP.780, DMTA.26.60 Loughnan [1981] VR 443 ................................................. CA.310D.60, CLP.2820, CLP.2840, CLP.2860, CLP.2880 Love (1989) 17 NSWLR 608; 44 A Crim R 416 .......... CA.192E.120, CA.192E.140, CA.192E.180, CA.192F.180, CA.192G.140, CA.117.200, CA.178BA.120, CA.178BA.140, CA.178BA.160, CA.178BB.120, CA.178BB.140, CA.197.100, CLP.80 Lovegrove [1920] 3 KB 643; (1920) 15 Cr App R 50 ................................................................................ CA.83.120 Lovegrove (1983) 33 SASR 332; 9 A Crim R 226 ..................................................................................... CA.316.80 Lovell (1881) 8 QBD 185 ........................................................................................................................... CA.117.380 Lovell (1933) 39 ALR 268 .......................................................................................................................... CA.117.440 Lovell (1939) 56 WN (NSW) 75 .................................................................................................................. CA.444.40 Lovesey [1970] 1 QB 352 ........................................................................................................................... CA.345.100 Lovesey; R v Woolley (1989) 42 A Crim R 418 ....................................................................................... CA.345.100 Lovett (1839) 9 C & P 462 ........................................................................................................................... CPA.34.20 Lovett [1975] VR 488 ..................................................................................................................................... CA.5.160 Lowe [1917] VLR 155 .................................................................................................................. CA.327.180, CLP.80 Lowe [1973] QB 702; [1973] 2 WLR 481; [1973] 1 All ER 805 .............................................................. CA.24.220 Lower [1948] SASR 227 ................................................................................................................................. CA.4.260 Lowery [No 3] [1972] VR 939 ...................................................................................................................... CLP.1880 Lubienski (1893) 14 LR (NSW) 55; 9 WN (NSW) 159 ............................................................. CA.5.160, CA.42.40 Lucas [1973] VR 693 ...................................................................................................................................... CLP.1800 Luke (unreported CCA NSW 22 Oct 1996) ..................................................................................... CA.Pt3.Div10.500 Lumsden [1951] 2 KB 513; [1951] 1 All ER 1101; (1951) 35 Cr App R 57 ............................................ CA.114.80 Lurie [1951] WN 493; 2 All ER 704; (1951) 35 Cr App R 113 ................................................................ CA.180.20 Lushington; Ex parte Otto [1894] 1 QB 420 .......................................................................................... LEPRA.23.80 Lynch (1846) 1 Cox CC 361 ........................................................................................................................ CA.33.120 Lynch (1930) 30 SR (NSW) 420; 47 WN (NSW) 147 ...................................................... CA.61HA.80, CPA.150.20 Lynn (1788) 2 Term Rep 733; 1 Leach 497 ............................................................................................... CA.117.260 Lynsey [1995] 3 All ER 654 ......................................................................................................................... CA.61.100 Lyon (1813) Russ & Ry 255 ......................................................................................................................... CA.250.40 Lyon (1963) 57 QJPR 133 ............................................................................................................................ CA.177.40 Lyons [1984] 2 NSWLR 476; 10 A Crim R 253 ....................................................................................... CA.250.120 M (1977) 16 SASR 589 .................................................................................................................................... CLP.560 M [1980] 2 NSWLR 195 .................................................. CA.192G.120, CA.176.120, CA.178BB.200, CA.179.200 M [1991] 2 Qd R 68 ................................................................................................................................... CPA.159.20 M (1993) 67 A Crim R 549 ................................................................................................ CPA.293.40, CPA.293.120 MA (2004) 145 A Crim R 434; [2004] NSWCCA 92 ................................................................................ SPA.3A.20 M’Athey (1862) Le & Ca 250 .................................................................................................................... CA.188.220 MDB [2005] NSWCCA 354 ............................................................................................................. CA.Pt3.Div10.540 MG (2007) 69 NSWLR 20 ........................................................................................................................... CPA.36.20

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MJR (2002) 54 NSWLR 368; 130 A Crim R 481; [2002] NSWCCA 129 ............................................... SPA.Pt1.20 M’Kearney (1829) Jebb Cr & Pr Cas 99 ..................................................................................................... CA.112.80 MM (2004) 145 A Crim R 148; [2004] NSWCCA 81 ............................................................ CLP.1780, CPA.159.20 MMK (2006) 164 A Crim R 481; [2006] NSWCCA 272 ........................................................................... SPA.3A.20 MSK (2004) 61 NSWLR 204; 148 A Crim R 453 ................................................................................. CPA.294A.20 MW [2007] NSWCCA 291 ........................................................................................................................... CA.37.140 Mabel (1840) 173 ER 918; 9 Car & P 474 ........................................................................... CA.546C.60, CA.58.140 Mabel (1840) 9 Car & P 474 ..................................................................................................................... CA.546C.60 MacDonald (1861) Le & Ca 85 .................................................................................................................... CA.155.40 MacDonald [1983] 1 NSWLR 729 ............................................................................................................. CA.117.420 MacDonald (1995) 65 SASR 322; 84 A Crim R 508 ............................................................ CPA.21.20, CPA.150.40 MacDonald (2000) 110 A Crim R 238 ....................................................................................................... CPA.167.20 MacLeod (2001) 52 NSWLR 389; 125 A Crim R 60 ............................................................................... CA.173.200 Macalister (1918) 18 SR (NSW) 157; 35 WN 60 ..................................................................................... CA.188.100 Macdaniel (1755) Foster 121 ..................................................................................................................... CA.19A.120 Macdonald [1904] St R Qd 151; [1904] QWN 50 ....................... CA.19A.180, CA.43A.120, CA.24.220, CA.44.80 Machin [1980] 1 WLR 763; [1980] 3 All ER 151; 71 Cr App R 166 ................................. CA.319.80, CA.319.140 Machirus [1996] 3 NZLR 404 .................................................................................................................... CA.319.140 Mack (1909) 2 Cr App R 114 ..................................................................................................................... CA.179.200 Mackenzie (1911) 6 Cr App R 64 ............................................................................................................... CA.91A.40 Mackey [1919] VLR 39 .............................................................................................................................. CA.158.140 Mackie (1973) 57 Cr App R 453 ............................................................................................... CA.19A.320, CLP.540 Mackie [1973] Crim LR 54 .......................................................................................................................... CA.61.320 Mackinnon [1959] 1 QB 150 ................................................................................................................. CA.178BB.200 Mackinnon [1959] 1 QB 150; [1958] 3 WLR 688; [1958] 3 All ER 657 ............................................. CA.192G.120 Mackintosh (1800) 2 East PC 942 ................................................................................................................ CA.250.40 Macklin (1850) 5 Cox CC 216 ..................................................................................................................... CA.438.20 Maclay (1990) 19 NSWLR 112; 46 A Crim R 340 .................................................................................... SPA.Pt1.20 Macleod [1991] Tas R 144; (1991) 61 A Crim R 465 ....................... LEPRA.48.80, LEPRA.48.120, LEPRA.76.40 Madden (1995) 85 A Crim R 367 ...................................... CA.527C.40, CA.527C.60, CA.527C.100, CA.527C.140 Madden (unreported, CCA (NSW), 15 December 1995) ........................................................................ CA.527C.100 Maddocks (1990) 51 A Crim R 376 .............................................................................................................. SPA.45.20 Madercine (1899) 20 LR (NSW) 36; 15 WN (NSW) 235 .......................................................................... CA.576.20 Madox (1805) Russ & Ry 92; 168 ER 700 ................................................................................................. CA.152.60 Maes [1975] VR 541 ................................................................................................................................. CA.61HA.40 Maguire [1992] 1 QB 936; 94 Cr App R 133 .............................................................................................. CPA.36.20 Maguire (unreported, CCA (NSW), 30 August 1995) ................................................................................. CA.24.280 Maharaj (1995) 85 A Crim R 374 ........................................................................................................... CA.178A.180 Maher (2005) 154 A Crim R 457 .......................................................................................... CA.93B.80, CA.93B.160 Mahroof (1989) 88 Cr App R 317 ............................................................................................................... CA.93B.20 Mai (1992) 26 NSWLR 371; 60 A Crim R 49 ... CA.344A.60, CA.344A.80, CA.344A.100, CA.27.80, CA.27.100, CA.28.80, CA.29.80, CA.30.80, CLP.760, CPA.19.120, CPA.159.20 Mainwaring [1983] 2 NSWLR 82; 12 A Crim R 253 .... CA.Pt3.Div10.420, CA.Pt3.Div10.440, CA.Pt3.Div10.480 Majdalawi (2000) 113 A Crim R 241; [2000] NSWCCA 240 ................................................. CA.23A.60, CLP.1140 Majewski [1977] AC 443; [1976] 2 WLR 623; [1976] 2 All ER 142 ............. CA.4A.40, CA.428I.20, CA.428I.40, CA.428I.60, CA.61.140, CLP.1040, CLP.1180, CLP.1260 Majors (1991) 27 NSWLR 624; 54 A Crim R 334 .................................................................................... SPA.Pt1.20 Makin (1893) 14 LR (NSW) 1; 9 WN (NSW) 129 .................................................................................. CA.19A.420 Makisi (2004) 151 A Crim R 245; [2004] NSWCCA 333 .......................................................................... CA.94.240 Malayta (1996) 87 A Crim R 492 ........................................................................................................... LEPRA.76.20 Malcherek [1981] 1 WLR 690; [1981] 2 All ER 422; (1981) 73 Cr App R 173 ................... CA.19A.300, CLP.540 Malinowski [1946] 1 KB 369 ......................................................................................................................... CLP.1220 Mallison (1902) 20 Cox CC 204 ................................................................................................................ CA.117.260 Malone [1998] 2 Cr App R 447 ........................................................................................ CA.61HA.40, CA.61HA.80

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TABLE OF CASES

R v Maloney (1901) 18 WN (NSW) 96 ............................................................................................................ CA.347.100 R v Maloukis [2002] NSWCCA 155 ................................................................................................................... CA.94.360 R v Manchester City Stipendiary Magistrate; Ex parte Snelson [1977] 1 WLR 911; [1978] 2 All ER 62 ............................................................................................................................................................. CPA.62.160 R v Manley [1933] 1 KB 529; (1934) 24 Cr App R 25 ..................................................................................... CA.319.80 R v Manning (1849) 2 Car & Kir 887 ............................................................................................ CA.345.180, CLP.1220 R v Manning (1933) 50 WN (NSW) 129 .......................................................................................................... CA.250.100 R v Manning & Smith (1852) 6 Cox CC 86 ..................................................................................................... CA.117.320 R v Mansfield Justices; Ex parte Sharkey [1985] QB 613; [1984] 3 WLR 1328; [1985] 1 All ER 193 ................................................................................................................................................................... CA.61.100 R v Manson (unreported, NSW CCA, 17 February 1993) .......................................................... CA.61L.100, CA.61N.80 R v Manton (2002) 132 A Crim R 249; [2002] NSWCCA 316 ........................................................................... CA.60.80 R v Manunta (1989) 54 SASR 17 ...................................................................................................................... CPA.159.20 R v Manwaring (1856) Dearsly & Bell 132 ......................................................................................................... CLP.1460 R v Manwarring (unreported, CCA (NSW), 13 April 1994) ........................................................................... CA.52A.240 R v Mapstone [1964] 1 WLR 439; [1963] 3 All ER 930 ................................................................................ CA.93C.160 R v Marchi (1996) 91 A Crim R 112 ................................................................................................................ CPA.19.180 R v Marcus (1846) 2 Car & Kir 356 ................................................................................................................... CA.250.60 R v Marcus [1981] 1 WLR 774; [1981] 2 All ER 833; (1981) 73 Cr App R 49 ........... CA.27.80, CA.29.80, CA.39.80, CA.82.60 R v Marijancevic (1991) 54 A Crim R 431 ........................................................................................................... CA.7.120 R v Marijancevic (2009) 22 VR 576; 195 A Crim R 426; [2009] VSCA 135 .................................................. CA.44.120 R v Marinos [2003] NSWCCA 136 ..................................................................................................................... CA.94.360 R v Marinovich (1990) 46 A Crim R 282 ..................................................................................................... DMTA.25.200 R v Mark (1902) 28 VLR 610 ............................................................................................................................. CA.117.80 R v Markuleski (2001) 52 NSWLR 82; 125 A Crim R 186 .................................. CA.Pt3.Div10.180, CA.Pt3.Div10.600 R v Marlow (1965) 49 Cr App R 49 ................................................................................................... CA.82.60, CA.84.60 R v Marlow [1990] Tas R 1 ....................................................................................................... CPA.154.60, CPA.154.160 R v Marriott (1838) 8 Car & P 425; 173 ER 559 .......................................................................... CA.43A.120, CA.44.80 R v Marsden (1868) LR 1 CCR 131 ................................................................................................................. CA.546C.60 R v Marsh (1862) 3 F & F 523 ........................................................................................................................... CA.155.40 R v Marshall (1870) 11 Cox CC 490 .................................................................................................................. CA.155.40 R v Marshall (1987) 49 SASR 133; 26 A Crim R 259 .................................................................. CA.19A.500, CA.29.80 R v Marshall (unreported, CCA (NSW), 17 July 1990) ................................................................................... CA.423.140 R v Marsham [1912] 2 KB 362 ........................................................................ CPA.156.140, CPA.156.160, CPA.156.180 R v Martelli (1995) 83 A Crim R 550 ............................................................................................................... CPA.19.160 R v Martin (1817) Russ & Ry 324; 168 ER 826 ................................................................................................ CA.184.40 R v Martin (1836) 1 Mood 483 ........................................................................................................................... CA.250.60 R v Martin (1867) LR 1 CCR 56; 36 LJMC 20 ............................................................................................... CA.179.280 R v Martin (1881) 8 QBD 54 .......................................................................................................... CA.19A.520, CA.54.80 R v Martin (1904) 4 SR (NSW) 720; 21 WN (NSW) 233 ............................................................................. CPA.154.160 R v Martin [1962] 1 QB 221; [1961] 3 WLR 17; [1961] 2 All ER 747 ........................................................... CPA.21.20 R v Martin [1979] Tas R 211; 1 A Crim R 85 .................................................................................................. CA.428I.60 R v Martin (1983) 32 SASR 419; 9 A Crim R 376 ..................................................................... CA.428I.40, CA.428I.60 R v Martin (1984) 16 A Crim R 87; [1984] HCA 23 ........................ CA.19A.500, CA.19A.520, CA.428I.60, CLP.1180 R v Martin [1989] 1 All ER 652; (1989) 88 Cr App R 343 ................................................................................ CLP.2820 R v Martin [2011] NSWSC 1189 ....................................................................................................................... SPA.54B.20 R v Martin (No 4) (1999) 105 A Crim R 390; [1999] SASC 161 ..................................................................... CPA.19.40 R v Martin Secker Warburg Ltd [1954] 1 WLR 1138; [1954] 2 All ER 683 ................................................. CA.529.160 R v Martin 172 ER 907; (1832) 5 Car & P 128 ....................................................................... CA.19A.360, CA.19A.380 R v Martindale [1986] 1 WLR 1042; 3 All ER 25; (1987) 84 Cr App R 31 ...................................................... CA.7.120 R v Martyr [1962] Qd R 398 ............................................................................................................ CA.19A.360, CLP.120 R v Mary Queen of Scots (1586) 1 State Trials 1161 ............................................................................................ CLP.180 R v Maslen (1995) 79 A Crim R 199 ................................ CA.192G.120, CA.178BB.200, LEPRA.18.20, LEPRA.76.20

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Massey (1994) 77 A Crim R 39 .................................................................................................................. CPA.19.160 Massie [1999] 1 VR 542; (1998) 103 A Crim R 551; [1998] VSCA 82 ................................................... CA.61N.80 Massie [1999] 1 VR 542; 103 A Crim R 551; [1998] VSCA 82 ................................................................... CLP.960 Masters (1848) 1 Den 332 ............................................................................................................................ CA.157.60 Masters (1992) 26 NSWLR 450; 59 A Crim R 445 ............................... CLP.740, CLP.780, CLP.1880, CPA.21.340 Mateiasevici [1999] 3 VR 185; (1999) 108 A Crim R 223 ........................................................................... CA.7.120 Matheis (1958) 58 SR (NSW) 321; 75 WN (NSW) 328 .......................................... CLP.1080, CLP.1100, CLP.1160 Mathers (1988) 38 A Crim R 423 ............................................................................................................... CPA.21.120 Matheson [1958] 1 WLR 474; [1958] 2 All ER 87; (1958) 42 Cr App R 145 ........................................... CLP.1140 Mathews [1993] 2 Qd R 316; 64 A Crim R 305 ........................................................................................... CA.60.80 Mathieson [1906] 25 NZLR 879 ............................................................................................... CA.428I.60, CLP.1180 Mato (1999) 109 A Crim R 121 .............................................................................................................. CA.176A.100 Matthews (1873) 12 Cox CC 489 ............................................................................................................... CA.117.420 Matthews (1887) 8 LR (NSW) 45; 3 WN (NSW) 89 ..................................................................................... CA.4.60 Matthews [1950] 1 All ER 137; (1950) 34 Cr App R 55 .......... CA.117.160, CA.117.320, CA.187.20, CA.188.160 Matthews [1972] VR 3 ................................................................................................................................ CA.319.140 Matthews [1999] 1 VR 534; (1998) 102 A Crim R 269 ................................. CA.Pt3.Div10.300, CA.Pt3.Div10.320 Matthews [2008] NSWCCA 54 .................................................................................................................. CA.112.100 Matthews and Twigg (1876) 14 Cox CC 5 .................................................................................................. CA.201.20 Matusevich (1976) VR 470 ....................................................................................... CA.345.80, CLP.1100, CLP.1160 Mauai [2005] NSWCCA 207 ........................................................................................................................ CA.95.120 Mauger [2012] NSWCCA 51 ................................................................................................... SPA.10.40, SPA.10.180 Maund (1866) 1 WW & a’B (L) 96 ........................................................................................................... CA.195.100 Mawbey (1796) 6 Term Reports 619 .................................................................................... CA.327.160, CA.327.180 Maxwell (1902) 19 WN (NSW) 139 ............................................................................................................ CA.527.40 Maxwell (1994) 34 NSWLR 606; 74 A Crim R 330 .............................................................................. CPA.154.160 May (1861) Le & Ca 13 ............................................................................................................................... CA.155.40 May (1867) 10 Cox CC 448 ........................................................................................................................... CA.85.20 May [1962] Qd R 456 ...................................................................................................................................... CLP.580 Mayall (1986) 43 SASR 258 ...................................................................................................................... CA.117.440 Mayers (1872) 12 Cox CC 311 ................................................................................................................. CA.61HA.80 Mayfield (1995) 63 SASR 576; 80 A Crim R 294 .................................................................................... CPA.21.260 Mayhew (1834) 6 Car & P 315 .................................................................................................................. CA.327.200 Mayle (1868) 11 Cox CC 150 ...................................................................................................................... CA.155.40 Maynard (1979) 69 Cr App R 309 .......................................................................................... CPA.21.280, CPA.36.20 Mayne (1975) 11 SASR 583 ...................................................................................................................... CA.52A.140 Mayor of Tewkesbury (1868) LR 3 QB 629 ................................................................................................. CLP.1480 Maytum-White (1957) 42 Cr App R 165 ................................................................................................... CA.179.240 Maywhort [1955] 1 WLR 848; [1955] 2 All ER 752; (1955) 39 Cr App R 107 ....................................... CA.136.40 McAuliffe (1993) 70 A Crim R 303 ..................................................................................... CA.345.100, CA.345.160 McBride [1962] 2 QB 167; [1961] 3 WLR 549; (1961) 45 Cr App R 262 ............................................ CA.52A.200 McBride (1983) 34 SASR 433 ................................................................................................................... CA.345.100 McCaffery [1911] VLR 92 .......................................................................................................................... CA.117.440 McCall (1970) 55 Cr App R 175 .................................................................................. CA.192E.120, CA.178BA.120 McCalla (1988) 87 Cr App R 372 .................................................................................................................. CA.7.120 McCarthy [1954] 2 QB 105; [1954] 2 WLR 1044; [1954] 2 All ER 262 .................................................. CA.23.220 McCarthy [1964] 1 WLR 196; [1964] 1 All ER 95; (1964) 48 Cr App R 111 ........................................... CA.47.80 McCarthy (1984) 14 A Crim R 155 ........................ CA.19A.20, CPA.21.80, CPA.21.180, CPA.21.200, CPA.21.260 McCarthy (1993) 71 A Crim R 395 .............................. CA.7.140, CA.117.440, CA.121.40, CA.188.40, CA.345.80 McCarthy (unreported, CCA (NSW), 12 August 1994) ............................................................................. CPA.19.180 McCarthy, Holland and O’Dwyer [1903] 2 Irish Reports 146 ...................................................................... CA.26.40 McConnell [1977] 1 NSWLR 714 ............................................................................................. CA.27.120, CLP.2640 McConnell (1993) 69 A Crim R 39 ......................................................................................... CA.188.180, CLP.1300 McCormack [1981] VR 104; (1980) 2 A Crim R 405 ................................... CA.93B.80, CA.93B.160, CA.93C.180

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McCoy [1938] QSR 249 ............................................................................................................................... CA.117.20 McCoy (2001) 51 NSWLR 702; 123 A Crim R 81; [2001] NSWCCA 255 .......................................... DMTA.24.80 McCready [1967] VR 325 ........................................................................................................................... CPA.162.80 McCready (1985) 20 A Crim R 32 ............................................................................................................. CPA.21.380 McDermott (1990) 49 A Crim R 105 ........................................................................................................... CPA.19.40 McDonald (1885) 15 QBD 323 .................................................................................................... CA.125.60, CLP.560 McDonald (1929) 47 WN (NSW) 25 ......................................................................................................... CA.165.180 McDonald [1933] VLR 214 ............................................................................................... CA.178C.60, CA.178C.140 McDonald (1963) 80 WN (NSW) 1716 ..................................................................................................... CA.345.100 McDonnell (1928) 20 Cr App R 163 .......................................................................................................... CPA.21.380 McEwan [1979] 2 NSWLR 926; (1979) 1 A Crim R 242 .................................................................... CA.61HA.100 McFarlane [1994] 2 All ER 283 ................................................................................................................... SOA.15.40 McFarlane (unreported, CCA (NSW), 21 April 1993) ......................................................................... CA.178BA.140 McFarlane (unreported, NSWCCA, 21 April 1993) ................................................................................ CA.192E.140 McGarritty (unreported, CCA (NSW), 10 June 1994) .......................................................... CA.19A.20, CPA.21.260 McGarvey (aka Garner) (1987) 10 NSWLR 632; 34 A Crim R 119 .................................. CPA.293.40, CPA.293.60 McGarvie (1986) 5 NSWLR 270; 22 A Crim R 286 ................................................................................. CA.23A.60 McGavaran (1852) 6 Cox CC 64 .............................................................................................................. CA.61HA.80 McGill [1967] VR 683 .................................................................................................................................. CPA.19.40 McGinness (1870) 11 Cox CC 391 ................................................................................................................ CLP.1220 McGrath (1869) LR 1 CCR 205 ........................................................................................... CA.117.340, CA.117.380 McGrath [1971] 2 NSWLR 181 ..................................................................................................................... CLP.1360 McGregor [1945] 2 All ER 180 .................................................................................................................... CA.432.20 McHardie and Danielson [1983] 2 NSWLR 733; 10 A Crim R 51 ............................................ CA.9.60, CPA.34.20 McIlkenny [1992] 2 All ER 417; (1991) 93 Cr App R 287 ......................................................................... CLP.1800 McInnes [1971] 1 WLR 1600; 3 All ER 295 .............................................................................................. CA.423.40 McIntosh (unreported, NSW CCA, 26 September 1994) ..................................................... CA.61L.100, CA.61N.80 McIntyre (1847) 2 Cox 379 .............................................................................................................................. CLP.540 McIntyre (1988) 38 A Crim R 135 ............................................................................................................ CA.52A.240 McIntyre (2000) 111 A Crim R 211; [2000] NSWCCA 6 .............................................................................. CLP.580 McIvor (1933) 50 WN (NSW) 57 ................................................................................................................ CA.443.20 McKay [1957] VR 560 ............................................................................................ CA.18.20, CA.83.100, CA.423.80 McKenna [1960] 1 QB 411; [1960] 2 WLR 306; (1960) 44 Cr App R 63 ............................................. CA.347.100 McKenna (1964) 81 WN (Pt 1) (NSW) 330 .............................................................................................. CA.117.440 McKenzie (1884) 5 LR (NSW) 219 ........................................................................................................... CA.131.120 McKenzie [1892] 2 QB 519 ....................................................................................................................... CA.545B.60 McKeon [1961] NSWR 249; (1961) 78 WN (NSW) 798 ........................................................................ CA.78A.100 McKimmie [1957] VR 93 .......................................................................................................................... CA.52A.180 McKinney (1999) 29 MVR 355; [1999] NSWCCA 51 ............................................................................ CA.52A.240 McKinnon [1980] 2 NZLR 31 ............................................................................ CA.19A.160, CA.19A.300, CLP.440 McKittrick [1982] VR 637 ........................................................................................................................ CPA.154.260 McKnoulty (1995) 77 A Crim R 333 ....................................................... CA.5.200, CA.33.120, CLP.520, CLP.1400 McLean (1981) 5 A Crim R 36 .............................................................................................. CA.24.120, CA.345.100 McLellan (1894) 11 WN (NSW) 73 ............................................................................................................. CPA.46.40 McLeod (1890) 11 LR (NSW) L 218; (1890) 7 WN (NSW) 36 ............................................................. CA.78A.100 McLeod (1991) 56 A Crim R 320 ......................................................................................... CA.19A.140, CA.24.120 McLoughlin (1838) 8 Car & P 635; 173 ER 651 ................................ CA.27.80, CA.33.120, CA.96.80, CA.98.180 McLoughlin [1988] 1 Qd R 464 ................................................................................................................. CPA.19.160 McMahon (unreported, CCA (NSW), 23 June 1978) ............................................................................ DMTA.25.200 McMakin and Smith and Disting (1808) Russ & Ry 333 ........................................................................... CA.345.80 McManus (1985) 2 NSWLR 448; 20 A Crim R 14 .............................................................. CA.423.40, CA.423.140 McMinn [1982] VR 53; (1981) 57 FLR 206 ................................................................................................ CA.61I.60 McMullen (1990) 54 SASR 55 ..................................................................................................................... CA.161.20 McNally [1954] 1 WLR 933; 2 All ER 372 ............................................................................................ CPA.154.200

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McNamara [1917] NZLR 382 .......................................................................................................... CA.Pt3.Div10.420 McNamara [1965] VR 372 ........................................................................................................ CA.94.120, CPA.19.40 McNaughton (2006) 66 NSWLR 566; (2006) 163 A Crim R 381; [2006] NSWCCA 242 .................... SPA.21A.20 McNaughton, Donnelly and Hayes (1881) 14 Cox CC 576 .......................................................................... CA.18.20 McNichol [1916] VLR 350 ......................................................................................................................... CPA.19.160 McPhail (1988) 36 A Crim R 390 .............................................................................................................. CPA.21.320 McPhane (1841) Car & M 212 ..................................................................................................................... CA.345.80 McPherson (1916) 33 WN (NSW) 93 .......................................................................................................... CA.441.20 McPherson [1980] 1 NSWLR 612; (1980) 1 A Crim R 349 ...................................................................... CPA.36.20 McQueeney [2005] NSWCCA 168 ............................................................................................................ CA.66B.140 McQueeny (1989) 39 A Crim R 56 ......................................................................................................... CA.178A.140 McReynolds [1935] NZLR 944 .................................................................................................................... CA.180.20 McVitie [1960] 2 QB 483; [1960] 3 WLR 99; [1960] 2 All ER 498 .................................................... CA.545D.100 Meade (1903) 19 TLR 540 ......................................................................................................................... CA.93C.100 Meade 168 ER 1006; (1823) 1 Lewin 184 .................................................................................................... CA.18.20 Meakin (1869) 20 LT 544 ........................................................................................................................... CA.179.200 Mears (1991) 53 A Crim R 141 ............................................................................................................... CA.176A.100 Meddings [1966] VR 306 ...................................................... CA.428I.60, CLP.280, CLP.1120, CLP.1140, CLP.1180 Medina (1995) 84 A Crim R 316 ................................................................................................................ CPA.19.160 Medland (1851) 5 Cox CC 292 .................................................................................................................. CA.125.100 Meeres (1685) 1 Show KB 51; 89 ER 441 .................................................................................................. CA.154.40 Meher [2004] NSWCCA 355 ......................................................................................................................... CLP.1880 Mellifont (1992) 64 A Crim R 75 ............................................................................................................... CPA.19.160 Mellish (1805) Russ & Ry 80 ....................................................................................................................... CA.155.40 Melrose [1989] 1 Qd R 572; 30 A Crim R 332 .............................................................................................. CLP.580 Melville (1856) 2 VLT 209 ......................................................................................................................... CA.345.100 Melvin [1953] 1 QB 481 ............................................................................................................................. CA.117.460 Menage (1862) 3 F & F 310; 176 ER 140 .................................................................................................. CA.31.100 Merriman [1907] VLR 1 ............................................................................................................................. CA.188.180 Merritt (1985) 19 A Crim R 360 ............................................................................................. CPA.21.80, CPA.21.120 Merritt [1999] NSWCCA 29 ............................................................................................................................ CLP.580 Merritt [2002] NSWCCA 368 .................................................................................................................. LEPRA.10.40 Messervy (1932) 49 WN (NSW) 221 ............................................................................................................. CA.99.60 Messingham (1830) 1 Mood CC 257 ......................................................................................................... CA.345.100 Metharam [1961] 3 All ER 200; (1961) 45 Cr App R 304 ......................................................... CA.4.160, CA.95.80 Metz (1915) 84 LJKB 1462; (1915) 11 Cr App R 164 ............................................................................... CA.172.40 Mews [1989] WAR 38 (1988) 35 A Crim R 213 ........................................................................................ CA.161.20 Meyrick (1930) 21 Cr App R 94 ..................................................................................... CLP.660, CLP.740, CLP.760 Michael Assad (unreported, CCA (NSW), 5 October 1994) ..................................................................... DMTA.3.80 Michael Ernest Carter (unreported, CCA (NSW), 9 March 1978) ........................................................... CA.527C.40 Michael 173 ER 867; (1840) 9 Car & P 356 ............................................................................................ CA.19A.400 Michaels (1993) 70 A Crim R 78 .............................................................................................................. CA.310D.60 Michalski (1955) 39 Cr App R 22 ................................................................................................................ CA.188.40 Middis (unreported, SC (NSW), 27 March 1991) ................................................................ CPA.21.100, CPA.21.380 Middleton (1873) LR 2 CCR 38 ........................................................................................... CA.117.340, CA.117.400 Milat (unreported, CCA (NSW), 26 February 1998) ............................................................. CPA.19.40, CPA.19.180 Milat (unreported, NSW Sup Ct, 18 July 1996) ...................................................................... CA.86.100, CA.86.200 Miles (1842) 6 The Jur 243 .......................................................................................................................... CA.61.320 Miles (1890) 24 QBD 423 .................................................................................................... CA.556.20, CPA.156.100 Miles (1909) 3 Cr App 13 ................................................................................................... CPA.156.20, CPA.156.240 Miles (1943) 44 SR (NSW) 198; 61 WN 128 ........................................................................................... CA.188.240 Miles [1955] QWN 29 .................................................................................................................................. CPA.19.40 Millar (Robert) Contractors Ltd [1970] 2 QB 54; (1969) 54 Cr App R 158 ............................................. CA.351.60 Millard (1906) 23 WN (NSW) 8 ................................................................................................................ CA.125.100

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Miller (1842) 2 Mood 249 ............................................................................................................................ CA.155.40 Miller (1868) 7 SCR (NSW) 185 ............................................................................................................... CA.179.240 Miller (1879) 14 Cox CC 356 ........................................................................................................................ CA.34.20 Miller [1951] VLR 346 ................................................................................................................................... CA.4.160 Miller [1952] 2 All ER 667; (1952) 36 Cr App R 169 .......................................................... CPA.21.100, CPA.36.20 Miller [1954] 2 QB 282; (1954) 38 Cr App R 1 ....................................................................... CA.59.100, CA.95.80 Miller [1955] NZLR 1038 ....................................................................................................... CA.179.240, CA.180.20 Miller [1972] VR 771 ................................................................................................................................... CA.33.160 Miller [1983] 2 AC 161; [1983] 2 WLR 539; [1983] 1 All ER 978 ................................... CA.19A.520, CA.195.80 Miller [1990] 2 Qd R 566; 46 A Crim R 382 .......................................................................................... CPA.154.200 Miller (1992) 95 Cr App R 744 .................................................................................... CA.192E.160, CA.178BA.120 Miller (2001) 127 A Crim R 344; [2001] NSWCCA 209 ....................................................................... CA.61HA.80 Miller (James) [1983] 2 AC 161; [1983] 2 WLR 539; [1983] 1 All ER 978 .............................. CLP.140, CLP.1320 Milloy [1993] 1 Qd R 298; (1991) 54 A Crim R 340 .................................................................................. CLP.1080 Mills (1857) Dearsly & Bell 205 ................................................................................................................ CA.179.280 Mills [1963] 1 QB 522; (1963) 47 Cr App R 49 ......................................................................................... CA.84.100 Mills (1985) 16 A Crim R 366 ................................................................................................................... CPA.154.60 Mills (1985) 17 A Crim R 411 ................................................................................................................... CA.345.100 Mills [1986] VR 179; (1985) 17 A Crim R 214 .......................................................................... CA.10.40, CPA.8.20 Mills (2005) 154 A Crim R 40 ................................................................................................................... CA.203C.20 Millward [1985] QB 519; (1985) 80 Cr App R 280 ................................................................................. CA.327.160 Milnes and Green (1983) 8 A Crim R 61 ........................................................................... CPA.19.160, CPA.154.320 Minehan [1973] 1 NSWLR 659 ..................................................................................................................... CA.23.60 Ming Yeuk Lam (1998) 100 A Crim R 188 ................................................................................................. CPA.21.20 Minh Quoc Le (2005) 151 A Crim R 564; [2005] NSWCCA 40 ........................................... CLP.80, LEPRA.17.20 Missell (1926) 19 Cr App R 109 .............................................................................................. CA.187.20, CA.189.20 Mitchell (1848) 3 Cox CC 93 ..................................................................................................................... CPA.113.40 Mitchell [1955] 1 WLR 1125; [1955] 3 All ER 263; (1955) 39 Cr App R 49 ..................................... CA.178C.100 Mitchell [1983] QB 741; [1983] 2 WLR 938; [1983] 2 All ER 427 .......................................................... CA.24.120 Mitchell (2007) 177 A Crim R 94; [2007] NSWCCA 296 ......................................................................... CA.33.200 Mitchell (unreported, NSW CCA, 2 July 1971) (2 Petty Sess Rev 705) ..................................................... CA.61.60 Mitton (2002) 132 A Crim R 123; [2002] NSWCCA 124 .................................................. CA.4A.40, CA.61HA.100 Mobilio [1991] 1 VR 339; (1990) 50 A Crim R 170 ..................................... CA.61I.100, CA.61.160, CA.61HA.80 Mockford (1868) 11 Cox CC 16 ................................................................................................................. CA.117.280 Moffatt (1787) 1 Leach 431 .......................................................................................................................... CA.250.40 Moffatt (2000) 112 A Crim R 201; [2000] NSWCCA 174 ........................ CA.19A.160, CA.19A.300, CA.19A.360, CA.19A.380, CLP.440 Moffitt (1990) 20 NSWLR 114; 49 A Crim R 20 .................................................................... SPA.Pt1.20, SPA.44.20 Mogg (1830) 4 Car & P 363; 172 ER 741 .................................................................................................... CA.5.160 Mohan [1976] QB 1 ................................................................................................................. CA.344A.60, CA.5.120 Mok (1987) 27 A Crim R 438 .................................................................................................... CLP.680, CPA.159.20 Moland (1843) 2 Mood 276 .......................................................................................................................... CA.345.80 Molloy [1921] 2 KB 364; (1921) 15 Cr App R 170 ................................................................................... CA.139.60 Moloney [1985] AC 905; [1985] 1 All ER 1025 ............................... CA.4A.40, CA.19A.520, CA.5.200, CLP.1400 Monger [1973] Crim LR 301 ........................................................................................................................ CA.33.120 Moody (1862) Le & Ca 173 ......................................................................................................................... CA.250.60 Moon [1967] 1 WLR 1536; 3 All ER 962; (1967) 52 Cr App R 12 .......................................................... CA.250.60 Moore (1861) Leigh & Cave 1 ................................................................................................................... CA.117.420 Moore (1956) 40 Cr App R 50 ................................................................................................................. CPA.154.260 Moore [1986] Crim LR 552 ..................................................................................................................... CA.192E.120 Moore [1988] 1 Qd R 252; (1987) 25 A Crim R 302 .................................................................... CLP.740, CLP.760 Moore (1995) 77 A Crim R 577 ....................................................................................................... CA.Pt3.Div10.320 Moore [2015] NSWCCA 316 ...................................................................................................................... CPA.214.40 Moran (1876) 7 QLJ (NC) 101 ..................................................................................................................... CA.155.40

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Moran [1952] 1 All ER 803; (1952) 36 Cr App R 10 ................................................................................... CA.99.20 Moran (1991) 52 A Crim R 440 .............................................................................................................. CA.178A.180 Moran (unreported, CCA (NSW), 23 November 1973) ............................................................................. CA.345.100 Moranda (1864) 3 SCR (NSW) 152 ............................................................................................................. CA.117.20 Moreton (1913) 109 LT 417 ....................................................................................................................... CA.179.280 Morgan (1852) 6 Cox CC 107 .................................................................................................................... CA.327.200 Morgan [1970] VR 337 ..................................................................................................... CA.61HA.40, CA.61HA.80 Morgan (1993) 30 NSWLR 543; 67 A Crim R 526 .......................................................... CPA.293.40, CPA.293.120 Morgan [1994] 1 VR 567; (1993) 70 A Crim R 340 ........................................................... CA.345.100, CA.345.140 Morley [1988] 1 QB 601 .............................................................................................................................. CPA.34.20 Morpeth Ward Justices; Ex parte Ward (1992) 95 Cr App R 215 ........................................................... LEPRA.9.40 Morris (1840) 9 Car & P 349 ..................................................................................................................... CA.117.260 Morris (1848) 2 Cox CC 489 ......................................................................................................................... CA.85.20 Morris (1867) LR 1 CCR 90 .................................................................................................................... CPA.156.120 Morris [1950] 1 KB 26 ............................................................................................................................. CPA.156.100 Morris [1951] 1 KB 394; 34 Cr App R 210 .................................................................................. CA.9.60, CA.10.40 Morris (1963) 47 Cr App R 202 ....................................................................................................................... CA.8.20 Morris [1984] 1 AC 320 .............................................................................................................................. CA.117.160 Morrison (1859) Bell 158; 169 ER 1210 ....................................................................................................... CA.4.260 Morrow [1991] 2 Qd R 309; 48 A Crim R 232 ......................................................................................... CPA.21.160 Mortimer (1908) 1 Cr App R 20 ................................................................................................................ CA.117.320 Moseley [1861] Leigh & Cave 92 .............................................................................................................. CA.179.200 Mosely (1992) 28 NSWLR 735; 65 A Crim R 452 ............................................................... CPA.19.40, CPA.19.160 Mosley [1924] 2 KB 187 ............................................................................................................................ CA.179.200 Moss (1931) 23 Cr App R 132 ................................................................................................................... CA.179.300 Most (1881) 7 QBD 244 ................................................................................................................. CA.26.40, CLP.960 Mostyn (2004) 145 A Crim R 304; [2004] NSWCCA 97 ........................................................ CA.4A.40, CA.61.100 Mountford (1835) 7 Car & Payne 242; 173 ER 107 ..................................................................................... CA.4.180 Moussad (1999) 152 FLR 373; [1999] NSWCCA 337 ........................................................................... DMTA.25.80 Mowatt (1885) 1 WN (NSW) 146 .............................................................................................................. CA.156.120 Mowatt [1968] 1 QB 421; [1967] 3 WLR 1192; (1967) 51 Cr App R 402 ............................................... CA.35.100 Mowatt [1968] 1 QB 421; (1967) 51 Cr App R 402 ................................................ CA.4A.40, CA.5.100, CA.5.200 Moy (1995) 65 SASR 117; 81 A Crim R 242 ........................................................................................... CPA.162.80 Mueller (2005) 62 NSWLR 476; [2005] NSWCCA 47 ............................. CA.61L.80, CA.61HA.40, CA.61HA.100 Muirhead (1908) 1 Cr App R 189 ........................................................................................................... CA.178C.120 Muldoon (1870) 9 SCR (NSW) 116 ........................................................................................................... CA.327.200 Mullany (1865) Le & Ca 593 ..................................................................................................................... CA.327.160 Mullen (1938) 59 CLR 124; [1938] HCA 12 ........................................................................................... CA.19A.120 Mullins (1961) 61 SR (NSW) 234; [1961] NSWR 303 ........................................................................... CA.19A.600 Munday (1799) 2 Leach 850; 168 ER 524 .................................................................................................. CA.154.40 Munday (2003) 7 VR 423; 143 A Crim R 318 ............................................................................... CA.Pt3.Div10.320 Mungomery (2004) 151 A Crim R 376 ................................................................................................... CA.176A.100 Munks [1964] 1 QB 304; [1963] 3 WLR 952; (1964) 48 Cr App R 56 ...................................................... CA.49.60 Munro (1981) 4 A Crim R 67 .................. CA.19A.20, CA.19A.300, CA.19A.540, CA.96.80, CA.98.180, CLP.440 Munro [2000] NSWSC 1168 ........................................................................................................................ CA.423.60 Munro (2001) 51 NSWLR 540 ..................................................................................................................... CA.423.60 Muratovic [1967] Qd R 5 ........................................................................................................................... CA.423.140 Murdoch (1987) 37 A Crim R 118 ........................................................................................... CA.345.100, CLP.1460 Murdock (1851) 5 Cox CC 360 .................................................................................................................... CA.157.60 Murin (unreported, CCA (NSW), 16 August 1985) .................................................................................. CA.52A.240 Murphy (1753) 19 State Trials 693 .............................................................................................................. CA.250.40 Murphy (1837) 8 Car & P 297; 173 ER 502 ................................................................................................. CLP.1460 Murphy (1853) 6 Cox CC 341 ..................................................................................................................... CA.149.40 Murphy (1867) 4 WW & a’B (L) 63 .................................................................................. CA.19A.100, CA.19A.420

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Murphy (1888) 9 LR (NSW) 191 ............................................................................................................... CA.179.200 Murphy (1890) 7 WN (NSW) 21 ................................................................................................................... CA.4.260 Murphy [1965] VR 187 ............................................................................................................................. CPA.154.200 Murphy (1985) 158 CLR 596; (1985) 16 A Crim R 203; [1985] HCA 50 ........................ CA.319.120, CA.319.140 Murphy (1985) 4 NSWLR 42 .......................................................................................................................... CLP.580 Murphy (1985) 4 NSWLR 42; 63 ALR 53 ................................................................................................ CA.319.120 Murphy (1986) 5 NSWLR 18; 23 A Crim R 349; 64 ALR 498 ................................................................. CPA.36.20 Murphy (1988) 52 SASR 186; (1988) 37 A Crim R 405 ................................................... CA.61H.20, CPA.154.120 Murray (1830) 1 Mood 276 .......................................................................................................................... CA.157.60 Murray [1980] 2 NSWLR 526; 2 A Crim R 418 ........................... CA.428I.20, CA.428I.40, CA.428I.60, CLP.1180 Murray [1982] 1 WLR 475; [1982] 2 All ER 225; (1982) 75 Cr App R 58 ..................... CA.319.120, CA.319.140 Murray (1987) 11 NSWLR 12; 30 A Crim R 315 ....... CA.66A.80, CA.66C.100, CA.66D.100, CA.Pt3.Div10.180, CA.Pt3.Div10.500, CA.Pt3.Div10.580, CA.Pt3.Div10.640, CA.61HA.100 Murray (unreported, CCA (NSW), 11 September 1986) ............................................................................. CA.94.180 Murton 176 ER 221; (1862) 3 F & F 492 .......................................................................... CA.19A.360, CA.19A.380 Muscot (1713) 10 Mod Rep 192 ................................................................................................................ CA.327.160 Mustafa (1973) 3 DCR (NSW) 154 .................................... CA.9.60, CA.10.40, CA.97.220, CA.98.220, CA.425.20 Muston (1874) 12 SCR (NSW) 357 ........................................................................................................... CA.179.240 Musumeci (unreported, CCA (NSW), 30 October 1997) ......................................................................... CA.52A.240 Muy Ky Chhay (1994) 72 A Crim R 1 ................................................ CA.23.20, CA.23.80, CA.23.120, CA.23.180 Myall (1986) 43 SASR 258 ............................................................................................................................ CA.7.100 Myers (unreported, CCA (NSW), No 60467 of 1989, 13 February 1990) ................................................. CA.60.200 NZ (2005) 63 NSWLR 628 .............................................................................................................. CA.Pt3.Div10.160 Nai Poon (2003) 56 NSWLR 284; 138 A Crim R 204; [2003] NSWCCA 42 ..................................... DMTA.25.220 Name withheld [2009] NSWCCA 93 ............................................................................................... CA.Pt3.Div10.520 Nanka [1984] 1 NSWLR 722; 71 FLR 391 .............................................................................................. CA.310D.40 Narden (1873) 12 SCR (NSW) 160 ............................................................................................................... CA.85.20 Nash (1852) 2 Den 493 ................................................................................................................................. CA.250.60 Nash (1911) 6 Cr App R 225 ..................................................................................................................... CA.19A.420 Nasif (unreported, CCA (NSW), 10 March 1995) ....................................................................................... CA.60.200 Naylor (1865) LR 1 CCR 4 ........................................................................................................................ CA.179.300 Naylor (1910) 5 Cr App Rep 19 ................................................................................................................... CA.33.180 Naylor [1979] Crim LR 532 .................................................................................................................... LEPRA.23.80 Neat (1899) 19 Cox CC 424 ......................................................................................................................... CA.162.40 Nedrick [1986] 1 WLR 1025; [1986] 3 All ER 1; (1986) 83 Cr App R 267 .......................................... CA.19A.520 Negline (unreported, CCA (NSW), 5 December 1990), p 7 .................................................................... CA.176A.80 Negus (1873) LR 2 CCR 34 ......................................................................................................................... CA.155.40 Neil [1909] QSR 225 ...................................................................................................................................... CA.84.80 Neilan [1992] 1 VR 57; (1991) 52 A Crim R 303 .................................................................................... CA.19A.100 Nessel (1980) 5 A Crim R 374 ......................................................................................................................... CLP.780 Nettleton (1830) 1 Mood 259 ....................................................................................................................... CA.155.40 Newall (1852) 6 Cox CC 21 ....................................................................................................................... CA.327.200 Newcastle-on-Tyne Justices (1831) 1 Barnewall and Adolphus 933 .......................................................... CA.576.20 Newell (1927) 27 SR (NSW) 274; 44 WN (NSW) 91 ................................................................................ CA.24.220 Newell [2004] NSWCCA 183 ....................................................................................................................... CA.86.220 Newey [2014] NSWSC 1608 ....................................................................................................................... BA.16A.40 Newham (unreported, NSW CCA, 26 November 1993) ........................................................................ CA.61HA.100 Newland [1954] 1 QB 158; [1953] 3 WLR 826; [1953] 2 All ER 1067 ....................................... CLP.660, CLP.740 Newman (1862) 1 SCR (NSW) 344 ....................................................................................... CA.117.280, CA.125.60 Newman (1882) 8 QBD 706 ....................................................................................................................... CA.166.140 Newman [1948] VLR 61 ............................................................................................................................... CA.23.200 Newport Justices; Ex parte Wright [1929] 2 KB 416 .................................................................................. CA.61.320 Newton (1844) 1 Carrington & Kirwan 469 .................................................................................................. CLP.1460 Newton [1958] Crim LR 469 ........................................................................................................................ CA.83.100

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Newton 174 ER 363; (1843) 2 Mood & R 503 ........................................................................................ CA.78A.100 Ngalkin (1984) 71 FLR 264; 12 A Crim R 29 ..................................................................... CPA.19.160, CPA.19.180 Ngo (2002) 135 A Crim R 550 ....................................................................................................................... CA.7.100 Ngo (No 2) (2001) 124 A Crim R 151 ......................................................................................................... CPA.34.20 Ngoc Pham [2004] NSWCCA 263 ................................................................................................................ SPA.59.20 Nguyen (1992) 60 A Crim R 196 ................................................................................................................. CA.188.40 Nguyen (1995) 36 NSWLR 397 ................................................................................................................... CA.423.40 Nguyen [1998] 4 VR 394; (1997) 99 A Crim R 151 .................................................................................. CA.86.240 Nguyen (2004) 149 A Crim R 343; [2004] NSWCCA 332 ...................................................................... CA.319.160 Nguyen (unreported, CCA (NSW), 20 February 1997) ............................................................................... CA.121.40 Nichol 168 ER 720; (1807) Russ & Ry 130 ............................................................................................ CA.61HA.80 Nicholas [1921] VLR 602 ........................................................................................................................... CPA.154.60 Nicholas (1989) 45 A Crim R 299 ............................................................................................................ CPA.156.140 Nicholas (2000) 1 VR 356; 111 A Crim R 490 ...................................................................................... LEPRA.48.60 Nicholls (1874) 13 Cox CC 75 .............................................................................. CA.43A.80, CA.24.220, CA.44.80 Nicholls and Clark (1858) 1 F & F 51 ....................................................................................................... CA.188.240 Nichols [1958] Qd R 200 .............................................................................................................................. CA.351.60 Nicholson [1916] VLR 130 ............................................................................................................................. CA.54.80 Nicholson [1956] St R Qd 520 .................................................................................................. CA.428I.60, CLP.1180 Nicholson (1984) 12 A Crim R 231 ........................................................................................................ CA.178A.180 Nicholson (1994) 76 A Crim R 187 .................................................................................. CA.344A.60, CA.344A.120 Nicholson (1998) 102 A Crim R 459 .............................................................. CPA.19.100, CPA.19.140, CPA.19.160 Nicholson, Jones & Chappel (1794) 2 Leach 610 ..................................................................................... CA.117.160 Nicola [1987] VR 1040; 25 A Crim R 467 ................................................................................................ CPA.21.380 Nicolaidis (1994) 33 NSWLR 364; 72 A Crim R 394 ...................................... CLP.1720, CPA.113.40, CPA.154.20 Nielsen (2001) 121 A Crim R 239; [2001] QCA 85 ................................................................................. CA.43A.120 Nielson [1990] 2 Qd R 578; (1990) 47 A Crim R 269 .............................................................................. CA.23A.60 Nifadopoulos (1988) 36 A Crim R 137 .............................................................................................................. CLP.80 Nikolovski (unreported CCA NSW 5 Dec 1990) ............................................................................ CA.Pt3.Div10.460 Nilon (1981) 5 A Crim R 385 ..................................................................................................................... CA.117.200 Noel [1914] 3 KB 848; (1914) 10 Cr App R 255 .............................................................. CA.178A.180, CA.136.40 Nolan (2012) 83 NSWLR 534; 224 A Crim R 1; [2012] NSWCCA 126 .................................................. CA.45.120 Noor Mohamed [1949] AC 182 .................................................................................................................. CPA.154.60 Norfolk Justices; Ex parte DPP [1950] 2 KB 558; 2 All ER 42 ............................................................ CPA.156.140 Norman (1842) Car & Marshman 501 ......................................................................................................... CA.157.60 Norris (unreported, CCA (NSW), 13 October 1989) ................................................................................ CA.52A.240 Northcott [1917] 1 KB 347 .............................................................................................................. CA.Pt3.Div10.460 Novac (1976) 65 Cr App R 107 ................................................................................................................. CPA.21.280 Nundah (1916) 16 SR (NSW) 482 ............................................................................................................. CA.117.200 Nuri [1990] VR 641; (1989) 49 A Crim R 253 .................................................................... CA.19A.500, CA.39.120 O’Brien (1850) 4 Cox CC 400 ..................................................................................................................... CA.112.80 O’Brien (1911) 6 Cr App R 108 .......................................................................................... CA.93B.100, CPA.162.40 O’Brien (1921) 21 SR (NSW) 136; 38 WN (NSW) 10 ................................. CA.117.160, CA.117.320, CA.126.200 O’Brien [1954] SCR 666; 110 CCC 1 ............................................................................................. CLP.720, CLP.760 O’Brien (1974) 59 Cr App R 222 .................................................................................................................... CLP.740 O’Connor (1980) 146 CLR 64; (1980) 4 A Crim R 348; [1980] HCA 17 ...... CA.4A.40, CA.428I.20, CA.428I.40, CA.428I.60, CLP.1180, CLP.1400 O’Connor (1980) 146 CLR 64; 4 A Crim R 348; [1980] HCA 17 ......... CLP.160, CLP.1040, CLP.1140, CLP.1180, CLP.1260, CLP.1300 O’Connor [1980] VR 635 ............................................................................................................................ CA.428I.40 O’Donnell (1857) 7 Cox CC 337 ............................................................................................................... CA.186.100 O’Donoghue (1917) 23 CLR 9 ................................................................................................................... CA.159.100 O’Donoghue (1988) 34 A Crim R 397 ................................................................................ CA.33.160, LEPRA.99.40

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TABLE OF CASES

R v O’Donoghue (2005) 151 A Crim R 597; [2005] NSWCCA 62 ....... CA.61L.60, CA.61L.80, CA.95.80, CA.109.20, CA.112.120 R v O’Driscoll [1968] 1 QB 83 ........................................................................................................................... CA.163.40 R v O’Grady [1987] QB 995; [1987] 3 WLR 321; [1987] 3 All ER 420 ........................................................ CA.428I.60 R v O’Leary (1865) 2 WW & a’B (L) 13 ........................................................................................................... CA.94.100 R v O’Loughlin; Ex parte Ralphs (1971) 1 SASR 219 ................... CA.19A.20, CPA.19.160, CPA.156.20, CPA.156.40, CPA.156.60, CPA.156.80, CPA.156.100, CPA.156.220 R v O’Meagher (1997) 101 A Crim R 196 ................................................................................................... CA.61HA.100 R v O’Neill [1979] 2 NSWLR 582; 1 A Crim R 59 ...................................................................................... CPA.154.100 R v O’Neill [1982] VR 150; 4 A Crim R 404 .................................................................................................... CA.23.220 R v O’Neill (1989) 53 SASR 1; 46 A Crim R 394 ........................................................................................ CPA.156.220 R v O’Neill (2001) 122 A Crim R 510; [2001] NSWCCA 193 .................................................................... LEPRA.10.40 R v O’Neill (unreported, CCA (NSW), 13 August 1992) ............................................................... CA.24.120, CA.24.140 R v O’Regan [1961] Qd R 78 .......................................................................................................... CA.428I.60, CLP.1180 R v O’Ryan [1974] 2 NSWLR 536 ................................................................................................................... CA.423.140 R v O’Sullivan [1925] VLR 514 .................................................................................................. CA.179.280, CA.179.300 R v O’Sullivan (1948) 65 WN (NSW) 155 ...................................................................................................... CA.545C.60 R v O’Sullivan (2002) 128 A Crim R 371 ...................................................................................................... CPA.154.200 R v Oates (1855) Dearsly CC 459 ..................................................................................................................... CA.179.200 R v Odgers 174 ER 355; (1843) 2 Mood & R 479 .............................................................................................. CA.18.20 R v Ogden; Ex parte Long Ashton Rural DC [1963] 1 WLR 274; [1963] 1 All ER 574 .............. CA.512.80, SOA.6.40 R v Ohar (2004) 59 NSWLR 596; (2004) 145 A Crim R 453; [2004] NSWCCA 83 .................................... SPA.54B.20 R v Okutgen (1982) 8 A Crim R 262 ................................................................................................................. CA.93C.80 R v Olasiuk (1973) 6 SASR 255 .................................................................................................... CA.19A.520, CA.5.120 R v Oldham 175 ER 540; (1852) 3 Car & K 249 ............................................................................................ CA.114.100 R v Olejarnik (1994) 33 NSWLR 567; 72 A Crim R 542 ................................................................................... CLP.1520 R v Oliphant [1905] 2 KB 67 ............................................................................................................................ CA.158.140 R v Oliver (1886) 3 WN (NSW) 6 .................................................................................................................... CA.156.120 R v Oliver (1909) 3 Cr App R 246 ..................................................................................................................... CA.136.40 R v Oliver (1984) 57 ALR 543 ...................................................................................................... CPA.21.80, CPA.21.100 R v Ollis [1900] 2 QB 758 ................................................................................... CA.179.300, CA.188.240, CPA.156.200 R v Olugboja [1982] QB 320; [1981] 3 WLR 585; (1981) 73 Cr App R 344 ...................... CA.61HA.40, CA.61HA.80 R v Ongley (1940) 57 WN (NSW) 116 .................................................................................................. CLP.680, CLP.760 R v Onufrejczyk [1955] 1 QB 388; [1955] 2 WLR 273; (1955) 39 Cr App R 1 ................... CA.19A.100, CA.19A.160 R v Orchard (1993) 70 A Crim R 289 ........................................................................................................... DMTA.23.180 R v Orcher (1999) 48 NSWLR 273; NSWCCA 356 ...................................................................... CA.311.40, CA.326.20 R v Ormsby [1945] NZLR 109 ......................................................................................................................... CA.25A.140 R v Orsos (1997) 95 A Crim R 457 .......................................................................... CA.61N.20, CA.61N.80, CA.61O.20 R v Orton [1922] VLR 469 ..................................................................................................................... CLP.740, CLP.780 R v Osborn (1919) 84 JP 63 .................................................................................................................................. CA.82.60 R v Osborne [1905] 1 KB 551 ................ CA.Pt3.Div10.320, CA.Pt3.Div10.360, CA.Pt3.Div10.460, CA.Pt3.Div10.480 R v Osborne [1970] 1 NSWR 622; 90 WN (Pt 1) (NSW) 625 ...................................................................... CA.19A.600 R v Osborne [1987] 1 Qd R 96 ........................................................................................................................... CA.33.160 R v Osip (2000) 2 VR 595; 116 A Crim R 578; [2000] VSCA 237 ................................................................. CA.24.240 R v Osland [1998] 2 VR 636; 95 A Crim R 479 ................................................................................................ CA.23.180 R v Overall (1993) 71 A Crim R 170 ...................................................... CA.35.100, CA.59.100, CA.59.140, CA.60.160 R v Overton (1843) 4 QB 83 ............................................................................................................................. CA.327.160 R v Owen (1792) 2 East PC 645 ......................................................................................................................... CA.148.80 R v Owen (1825) 1 Mood 96 ......................................................................................................... CA.188.160, CA.345.80 R v Owen (1827) 1 Lew CC 35 .......................................................................................................................... CA.112.80 R v Owen (1830) 4 Car & P 236; 172 ER 685 ...................................................................................................... CLP.560 R v Owen [1957] 1 QB 174 ............................................................................................................................... CA.250.120 R v Oxenham (1876) 13 Cox CC 349 ............................................................................................................... CA.125.100 R v Oxford (1840) 9 Car & P 525; 173 ER 941 .................................................................................................... CLP.560

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O’Brien [2003] NSWCCA 121 .................................................................................................... CLP.2560, CLP.2580 O’Connor (1980) 146 CLR 64; (1980) 4 A Crim R 348; [1980] HCA 17 .............................................. CA.25A.140 O’Connor [2014] NSWCCA 53 .................................................................................................................... CA.37.140 P [1906] 1 KB 97 ........................................................................................................................................ CA.347.100 P (1909) 3 Cr App R 259 ........................................................................................................................... CA.188.160 P (1993) 69 A Crim R 159 .................................................................................................. CA.52A.120, CA.52A.200 PJE (unreported, CCA (NSW), 9 October 1995) ............................................................... CPA.19.100, CPA.293.120 PL (2009) 199 A Crim R 199; [2009] NSWCCA 256 ....................................................... CA.19A.160, CA.19A.420 Packer [1932] VLR 225 .................................................................................................................................. CA.79.40 Padwick [1959] Crim LR 439 .......................................................................................................................... CLP.560 Page (1894) 15 LR (NSW) 272; 11 WN 28 ................................................................................................ CA.162.40 Page [1933] VLR 351 .......................................................................................................... CA.344A.60, CA.344A.80 Page (unreported, CCA (NSW), 25 November 1991) ................................................................................. CA.61N.80 Pagett (1983) 76 Cr App R 279; [1983] Crim LR 393 ....... CA.19A.160, CA.19A.260, CA.19A.280, CA.19A.300, CA.19A.320, CLP.400, CLP.420, CLP.440, CLP.460, CLP.540 Pahuja (1987) 49 SASR 191; 30 A Crim R 118 ........................................................... CA.Pt3.Div10.300, CLP.1820 Palazoff (1986) 43 SASR 99; 23 A Crim R 86 ........................................................................... CLP.2500, CLP.2520 Palin [1906] 1 KB 7 .................................................................................................................................... CA.158.140 Palm (1910) 4 Cr App R 253 ......................................................................................................................... CA.82.80 Palmer (1804) 1 Bosanquet & Puller (NR) 96 ............................................................................................. CA.250.80 Palmer [1971] AC 814 ..................................................................... CA.423.40, CA.423.60, CA.423.80, CA.423.140 Palmer (1992) 64 A Crim R 1 ........................................................................................................................ CLP.1440 Palmer [2005] NSWCCA 349 ....................................................................................................................... CA.94.360 Palmer (unreported, CCA (NSW), 7 March 1969) .......................................................................................... CA.9.60 Palmer 90 WN (Pt 1) (NSW) 188 ......................................................................................... CPA.21.120, CPA.21.280 Palu (2002) 134 A Crim R 174; [2002] NSWCCA 381 ............................................................................... SPA.11.20 Panagiotou (1982) 6 A Crim R 174 .............................................................................................................. CA.161.40 Panayotov (unreported, CCA (NSW), 17 December 1991) ..................................................................... DMTA.26.60 Pantano (1990) 49 A Crim R 328 ............................................................................................................ CA.176A.100 Paprounas [1970] VR 865 ......................................................................................................................... CPA.154.240 Paris [2001] NSWCCA 83 ....................................................................................................... SPA.10.80, SPA.10.100 Parish (1837) 8 Car & P 94 .......................................................................................................................... CA.250.60 Parker (1560) 2 Dyer 186 ............................................................................................................................. CA.346.80 Parker (1837) 2 Moody 1 ............................................................................................................................ CA.179.240 Parker (1842) Car & M 639 ....................................................................................................................... CA.327.200 Parker (1863) 2 SCR (NSW) 217 ........................................................................................... CA.125.60, CA.188.180 Parker (1895) 59 JP 793 .................................................................................................................................. CA.53.60 Parker (1957) 41 Cr App R 134 ................................................................................................................ CA.52A.200 Parker [1969] 2 QB 248 .............................................................................................................................. CA.345.100 Parker [1974] 1 NSWLR 14 ....................................................................................................................... CA.188.180 Parker (2002) 132 A Crim R 413; [2002] NSWCCA 330 ....................................................................... DMTA.24.80 Parkes (1794) 2 Leach 614 ......................................................................................................................... CA.117.160 Parkes and Brown (1797) 2 Leach 775 ........................................................................................................ CA.250.40 Parsons (2000) 1 VR 161; [2000] VSCA 15 .................................................................................................. CA.23.60 Partridge (1930) 30 SR (NSW) 410; 47 WN (NSW) 173 .............................................................................. CLP.680 Partridge (1986) 6 NSWLR 420 ................................................................................................................ CA.447A.40 Pascoe (1849) 2 Car & Kir 927 .............................................................................................. CA.133.80, CA.186.100 Pateman (1821) Russ & Ry 455 ................................................................................................................... CA.250.40 Pateman [1984] 1 Qd R 312 ........................................................................................................................ CA.23A.60 Patmoy (1944) 45 SR (NSW) 127 .............................................................................................................. CA.179.200 Patmoy (1994) 62 WN (NSW) 1 ................................................................................................................ CA.179.200 Patsalis (1999) 107 A Crim R 432; [1999] NSWSC 649 ................................. CPA.21.80, CPA.21.120, CPA.21.320 Patterson [1962] 2 QB 429; 1 All ER 340; (1962) 46 Cr App R 106 ................ CA.7.140, CA.114.80, CA.114.140 Pauuwe [1971] 2 NSWLR 235 ................................................................................................................... CPA.154.20

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Pavitt (2007) 169 A Crim R 452 ...................................................................................................... CA.Pt3.Div10.540 Payne (1887) 13 VLR 359 ...................................................................................................... CA.109.140, CA.112.80 Payne [1970] Qd R 260 .................................................................................................................................. CLP.2280 Payne [1976] 2 NSWLR 446 ..................................................................................................................... CA.310D.80 Paynter (1908) 25 TLR 191 ........................................................................................................................ CA.179.200 Peach [1990] 1 WLR 976; [1990] 2 All ER 966; (1990) 91 Cr App R 279 ............................................ CA.327.200 Peake (1974) 9 SASR 458 ................................................................................................................ CA.Pt3.Div10.500 Pear (1779) 1 Leach 212 ............................................................................................................................. CA.117.360 Pearce [1904] QSR 243 ............................................................................................................................... CA.179.200 Pearce [1953] 1 QB 30; [1952] 2 All ER 718; (1952) 36 Cr App R 149 .................................. CA.427.20, CLP.920 Pearl (1942) 28 Cr App R 183 ..................................................................................................................... CA.188.40 Pearson (1910) 4 Cr App R 40 ............................................................................................... CA.109.100, CA.114.60 Pearson (2000) 114 A Crim R 80; [2000] NSWCCA 149 ........................................................................ CA.197.100 Pearson (2002) 137 A Crim R 419; [2002] NSWCCA 429 ........................................................................ CA.33.120 Peat (1781) 1 Leach 228; 168 ER 216 ......................................................................................................... CA.94.100 Pedley (1784) 1 Leach 325 ......................................................................................................................... CA.327.180 Peehi (1997) 41 NSWLR 476; 92 A Crim R 539 ..................................................................................... CA.310D.60 Peisley (1990) 54 A Crim R 42 .................................................................................................. CA.23.60, CA.23.120 Pelham (1846) 8 QB 959; 115 ER 1135 ........................................................................................................ CA.44.80 Pellow (1856) 73 WN (NSW) 478 ............................................................................................................. CA.179.300 Pembliton (1874) LR 2 CCR 119 ................................................................................................................... CA.5.100 Pembrey (unreported CCA (NSW), 4 August 1989) .............................................................................. DMTA.25.200 Penn (1989) 44 A Crim R 131 .................................................................................................................... CA.423.140 Pepper [1921] 3 KB 167; (1922) 16 Cr App R 12 .......................................................................................... CLP.680 Pepperill (1981) 54 FLR 327 .................................................................................................. CPA.19.180, CPA.30.20 Percali (1986) 42 SASR 46 ........................................................................................................................... CA.59.100 Percival, Smith & Graham (1905) 69 JP 320 ............................................................................................ CA.114.100 Perka (1984) 14 CCC (3d) 385 .................................................................................................... CLP.2800, CLP.2820 Perkes (1824) 1 Car & P 300; 171 ER 1204 ............................................................................................... CA.112.80 Perkins (1852) 2 Den 459 ........................................................................................................................... CA.188.160 Perks (1986) 41 SASR 335; 20 A Crim R 201 ............ CA.19A.520, CA.428I.40, CA.4.160, CA.23.220, CLP.1180 Pernich (1991) 55 A Crim R 464 ................................................................................................................ CPA.160.20 Perrott (1814) 2 Maule & Selwyn 379 ....................................................................................................... CA.179.280 Perry (1845) 1 Car & K 725 ....................................................................................................................... CA.117.260 Perry (1847) 2 Cox CC 223 ............................................................................................................................ CA.82.60 Perry (1855) Dears 471 ................................................................................................................................... CA.85.20 Perry [1909] 2 KB 697; (1909) 2 Cr App R 267 ........................................................................................ CA.83.120 Perry (1945) 31 Cr App R 16 .............................................................................................. CA.178C.40, CA.178C.60 Perry (1993) 29 NSWLR 589; 66 A Crim R 511 ...................................................................................... CPA.132.20 Petch (1878) 14 Cox CC 116 ...................................................................................................................... CA.117.280 Petch (1909) 2 Cr App R 71 ....................................................................................................................... CA.179.220 Peterkin (1982) 6 A Crim R 351 ........................................................................ CA.19A.500, CA.428I.60, CLP.1180 Peters (1843) 1 Car & K 245 ...................................................................................................................... CA.117.420 Peters & Heffernan (1995) 83 A Crim R 142 ............................................................................................ CPA.19.160 Peters & Heffernan (No 2) (unreported, CCA (NSW), 20 August 1996) ................................................. CPA.19.160 Petrie (1946) 47 SR (NSW) 20; 63 WN (NSW) 258 ................................................................................ CA.117.440 Petrie [1961] 1 WLR 358; [1961] 1 All ER 466 ....................................................................... CA.4.200, CA.97.120 Petrie (2003) 141 A Crim R 396; [2003] NSWCCA 208 ............................................................................ SPA.22.20 Petrinovic [1999] NSWSC 1131 ................................................................................................................... SPA.61.20 Petroff (1980) 2 A Crim R 101 .................................................................................................................. CA.19A.600 Petronius-Kuff [1983] 3 NSWLR 178; (1978) 8 A Crim R 18 ............................................. CA.179.280, CA.180.20 Peuna (unreported, CCA (NSW), 23 July 1992) .......................................................................................... CPA.34.20 Pfitzner (1976) 15 SASR 171 .................................................................................................. CPA.21.20, CPA.150.40 Phan (2001) 53 NSWLR 480; (2001) 123 A Crim R 30; [2001] NSWCCA 29 ..................................... CA.19A.600

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Phelan (1993) 66 A Crim R 446 ............................................................................................... CA.439.20, SPA.44.20 Phetheon (1840) 9 Carrington & Payne 552 ................................................................................................ CA.118.20 Philip Bell (unreported, CCA (NSW), 8 November 1998) ........................................................................ CPA.19.180 Phillips (1868) 8 SCR (NSW) 54 ................................................................................................................... CLP.1440 Phillips (1938) 26 Cr App R 17 ................................................................................................................. CA.78A.100 Phillips (1971) 45 ALJR 467 ....................................................... CA.19A.180, CA.19A.440, CA.61.140, CA.94.220 Phillips [1973] 1 NSWLR 275 ..................................................................................................................... CA.195.80 Phillips (1988) 86 Cr App R 18 ................................................................... CA.192E.120, CA.178BA.120, CLP.740 Phillips & Strong (1801) 2 East PC 662 .................................................................................................... CA.117.320 Phillips and Timmons (1830) 1 Craw & D 164 ............................................................................................. CA.4.160 Phillpot 169 ER 686; (1853) Dears 179 .................................................................................................... CA.19A.320 Phillpotts (1851) 5 Cox CC 363 ................................................................................................................. CA.327.160 Phipoe (1795) 2 Leach 673; 168 ER 438 ..................................................................................................... CA.94.120 Phomaranuphong [2001] NSWSC 1157 ......................................................................................................... CLP.1100 Piccin [No 2] [2001] NSWCCA 323 ............................................................................................................ SPA.10.80 Pickup (1931) 22 Cr App R 186 ................................................................................................................. CA.179.300 Pierpoint (1993) 71 A Crim R 187 ..................................................................... CA.7.100, CA.114.100, CA.114.140 Pike (1838) 2 Mood 70 ................................................................................................................................. CA.250.40 Pike [1902] 1 KB 552 ................................................................................................................................... CA.136.40 Pilkington [1955] Tas SR 144 ................................................................................................................... CPA.154.200 Piller (1995) 86 A Crim R 249 ................................................................................................................... CPA.21.320 Pilley (1991) 56 A Crim R 202 ................................................................................................................ DMTA.33.40 Piltz (2004) 59 NSWLR 538; [2004] NSWCCA 34 ................................................................................... CA.93G.20 Pimental (1999) 110 A Crim R 30; [1999] NSWCCA 401 ................... CLP.2500, CLP.2540, CLP.2560, CLP.2580, CLP.2660 Pinhorn (1844) 1 Cox 70 ........................................................................................................................... CA.19A.320 Piper (1900) 65 JP 10 .................................................................................................................................... CA.172.40 Pirimona (1998) 7 Tas R 407; 100 A Crim R 137 ....................................................................................... CPA.36.20 Pirrottina (1996) 88 A Crim R 220 ......................................................................................... CPA.19.40, CPA.21.380 Pitts 174 ER 509; (1842) Car & M 284 ................................................................................... CA.19A.320, CLP.540 Plummer (1701) 12 Mod Rep 627 .............................................................................................................. CA.345.100 Plummer [1902] 2 KB 339 ........................................................................................................................ CPA.154.200 Police Complaints Board; Ex parte Madden [1983] 1 WLR 447; 2 All ER 353 ............. CPA.156.20, CPA.156.160 Pollard [1962] QWN 13 .............................................................................................................................. CA.117.200 Pollock [1967] 2 QB 195; [1966] 2 WLR 1145; [1966] 2 All ER 97 .................................... CA.94.100, CA.94.140 Pommell [1995] 2 Cr App R 607 ................................................................................................................... CLP.2820 Ponfield (1999) 48 NSWLR 327; [1999] NSWCCA 435 ................................ CA.112.80, CA.112.100, CA.112.160 Poole (1857) Dearsly & Bell 345 ............................................................................................................... CA.117.320 Popa (1991) 53 A Crim R 102 ............................. CA.7.140, DMTA.7.40, DMTA.7.60, DMTA.25.80, DMTA.29.60 Pople [1951] 1 KB 53; [1950] 2 All ER 679; (1950) 34 Cr App R 168 .................................................... CPA.21.20 Porter (1864) 9 Cox CC 449 ........................................................................................................................... CA.44.80 Porter (1933) 55 CLR 182; [1933] HCA 1 ........ CLP.1020, CLP.1040, CLP.1080, CLP.1100, CLP.1120, CLP.1140, CLP.1160 Porter (2004) 61 NSWLR 384; 149 A Crim R 112 .................................................................................. CA.527C.40 Porteus [2003] NSWCCA 18 .................................................................................................................... CA.61HA.40 Post (1806) Russ & Ry 101 .......................................................................................................................... CA.250.40 Potisk (1973) 6 SASR 389 ................................... CA.117.160, CA.117.260, CA.117.320, CA.117.340, CA.117.400 Potter [1958] 1 WLR 638; 2 All ER 51; (1958) 42 Cr App R 168 .................................... CA.158.140, CA.176.120 Poulton [1974] VR 716 .................................................................................................................................. SPA.10.80 Powch (1988) 14 NSWLR 136; 34 A Crim R 360 .................................................................................... CPA.19.100 Powell (1884) 15 Cox CC 568 ................................................................................................................... CA.179.200 Powell (1997) 4 All ER 545 ................................................................................................... CA.345.140, CA.346.80 Powell [2000] NSWCCA 108 .................................................................................................................. DPVA.13.120 Power (1996) 87 A Crim R 407 ....................................................................................................................... CLP.580

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Poynton (1862) Leigh & Cave 247 ............................................................................................................ CA.117.140 Prasad (1979) 23 SASR 161; 2 A Crim R 45 ................................................................................................ CLP.1820 Pratt (1830) 1 Moody 250 ........................................................................................................................... CA.117.360 Pratt (1865) 4 F & F 315 ............................................................................................................................ CA.188.100 Prebble (1858) 1 Fos & Fin 325 ................................................................................................................ CA.546C.60 Preece [1977] QB 370; [1976] 2 WLR 749; [1976] 2 All ER 690 ............................................................ CA.61N.80 Preedy (1888) 17 Cox CC 433 ....................................................................................................................... SOA.3.40 Prentice [1973] Qd R 346 ............................................................................................................................... CA.47.80 Preston (1851) 2 Denison 353 .................................................................................................................... CA.117.420 Preston (unreported, NSW CCA, 9 April 1997) ....................................................................................... CA.61HA.80 Preval [1984] 3 NSWLR 647 ................................................................................................... CA.61H.20, CA.61I.60 Previtera (1997) 94 A Crim R 76 .................................................................................................................. SPA.23.20 Price (1913) 9 Cr App R 15 ....................................................................................................................... CA.125.100 Price [1963] 2 QB 1; [1962] 3 WLR 1308; [1962] 3 All ER 957 ............................................................... CLP.1140 Price [1969] 1 QB 541; (1968) 52 Cr App R 295 ....................................................................................... CA.83.120 Price (1982) 8 A Crim R 403 ........................................................................................................................... CLP.580 Pridmore (1913) 8 Cr App R 198 ................................................................................................................... CA.29.80 Priestley (1922) 16 Cr App R 143 ........................................................................................... CA.78A.60, CA.78F.20 Prince (1868) LR 1 CCR 150 ............................................................................................... CA.117.160, CA.179.200 Pringle (1840) 9 C & P 408; 173 ER 889 ................................................................................................... CA.184.40 Prior (1992) 112 FLR 388; 65 A Crim R 1 ...................................................................... CA.344A.80, CA.344A.100 Pritchard (1913) 9 Cr App R 210 ............................................................................................................... CA.188.220 Privett [1999] NSWSC 1074 ......................................................... CPA.21.80, CPA.21.100, CPA.21.360, CPA.30.20 Promizio (2004) 142 A Crim R 592 ........................................................................................................... CPA.19.180 Prosser (1848) 11 Beav 306; 50 ER 834 .................................................................................................... CPA.113.40 Proud (1861) Le & Ca 97 ......................................................................................................... CA.155.40, CA.157.60 Pryce (1949) 34 Cr App R 21 .................................................................................................................. CA.178C.140 Pryor (2001) 124 A Crim R 22; [2001] QCA 341 ............................................................... CA.61.160, CA.61HA.80 Ptohopoulos (1967) 52 Cr App R 47 ........................................................................................................... SOA.15.40 Pullman (1991) 25 NSWLR 89; 58 A Crim R 222 ....... CA.24.20, CA.24.120, CA.24.220, CA.24.240, CA.54.100, CLP.80, CLP.1300 Purdy [1975] QB 288; (1974) 60 Cr App R 30 ............................................ CA.93C.100, CA.546C.100, CA.58.200 Purdy [1982] 2 NSWLR 964; 7 A Crim R 251 .......................................................................................... CA.23A.60 Pureau (1990) 19 NSWLR 372; 47 A Crim R 230 .................... CA.344A.140, CA.94.100, CA.94.380, CA.95.100, CA.97.220, CA.98.220, CA.117.140, CA.427.20, CLP.1480, CPA.19.160, CPA.159.20, CPA.162.60, CPA.162.80 Pureau at 376 (NSWLR); 234 ..................................................................................................................... CPA.162.60 Putland [1946] 1 All ER 85; (1946) 31 Cr App R 27 ..................................................................................... CLP.760 Pym (1846) 1 Cox 339 ..................................................................................................................................... CLP.540 Quail (1866) 4 F & F 1076; 176 ER 914 ........................................................................................................ CLP.960 Quartly (1986) 11 NSWLR 332; 22 A Crim R 252 ................................................. CA.23.60, CA.23.80, CA.23.220 Quayle [2005] 1 WLR 3642; [2006] 1 All ER 988; [2005] 2 Cr App R 34 ............................................... CLP.2820 Quick [1973] QB 910; [1973] 3 WLR 26; (1973) 57 Cr App R 722 .......................................... CLP.280, CLP.1120 Quillerat [1962] Tas SR 370 ....................................................................................................................... CA.188.180 Quinn (1918) 44 DLR 707 ........................................................................................................................... CA.91A.40 Quinn (1952) 53 SR (NSW) 21 ................................................................................................................ CPA.156.140 Quinn (1991) 55 A Crim R 435 ........................ CA.344A.140, CPA.19.160, CPA.21.180, CPA.21.300, CPA.162.60 R (1981) 28 SASR 321; 4 A Crim R 127 ............................................ CA.23.60, CA.23.80, CA.23.180, CA.423.60 R (1989) 18 NSWLR 74; 44 A Crim R 404 .................................................................................................. CLP.1820 R [1992] 1 AC 599; [1991] 3 WLR 767; [1991] 4 All ER 481 .................................................................. CA.61I.60 R (1994) 35 NSWLR 376; (1994) 75 A Crim R 319 .................................................................................. SPA.44.20 R (1995) 63 SASR 417; 79 A Crim R 191 .......................................................................... CA.345.100, CA.345.140 R [1998] 3 VR 580; (1997) 99 A Crim R 327 ............................................................................................. CPA.36.20 R2 (1990) 19 NSWLR 513 ................................................................................................. DMTA.4.20, DMTA.29.40 RJS (1993) 31 NSWLR 649; 69 A Crim R 163 .............................................. CA.61J.140, CA.61K.100, CA.97.120

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RNS [1999] NSWCCA 122 .......................................................................................................................... CPA.21.20 RPS (unreported, CCA NSW 13 August 1997) ............................................................................................. CLP.1840 Raabe [1985] 1 Qd R 115; 14 A Crim R 381 ........................................................................................... CA.93C.100 Raad [1983] 3 NSWLR 344 ....................................................................................................................... CA.188.180 Rabey [1980] 2 SCR 513 ............................................................. CLP.240, CLP.260, CLP.280, CLP.1120, CLP.1140 Radalyski (1899) 24 VLR 687 ...................................................................................................................... CA.346.80 Radford (1845) 1 Den 59 .............................................................................................................................. CA.250.80 Radford (1985) 42 SASR 266; 20 A Crim R 388 ................. CA.19A.140, CA.23.60, CLP.220, CLP.240, CLP.260, CLP.280, CLP.300, CLP.340, CLP.1040, CLP.1080, CLP.1120, CLP.1140, CLP.1160, CLP.1200 Radley (1973) 58 Cr App R 394 .................................................................................................................. CPA.21.20 Rae (1998) 104 A Crim R 348 ....................................................................................................................... CA.99.60 Rafique [1993] QB 843; [1993] 3 WLR 617; [1993] 4 All ER 1 ............................................................. CA.319.140 Ram & Ram (1893) 17 Cox CC 609 ........................................................................................................... CA.345.80 Ramsay (1886) 3 WN (NSW) 43 ................................................................................................................. CA.157.60 Ramsey (1883) 15 Cox CC 231 ................................................................................................................... CA.529.40 Randall (1991) 55 SASR 447; (1991) 53 A Crim R 380 ........................................................................... CA.61H.20 Randell (1887) 16 Cox CC 335 .................................................................................................................. CA.179.200 Raniga (2009) 193 A Crim R 184; [2009] NSWCCA 35 ............................................................................ CA.97.240 Rankin (1848) 7 State Trials (NS) 711 ...................................................................................................... CA.545C.60 Ransford (1874) 13 Cox CC 9 ....................................................................................................... CA.26.40, CLP.960 Ransom (1812) Russ & Ry 232; 168 ER 776 ................................................................................................ CA.4.260 Rasmussen (1928) 45 WN (NSW) 87 ............................................................................................................ CA.99.60 Rawcliffe [1977] 1 NSWLR 219; 32 FLR 252 ................................................................................................. CLP.80 Raymond [1981] QB 910 ............................................................................................................................ CPA.154.20 Read (1878) 3 QBD 131 ............................................................................................................................... CA.157.60 Reading (1794) 2 Leach 590 ......................................................................................................................... CA.250.40 Reading 83 ER 784; (1660) 1 Keb 17 ............................................................................................................. CLP.540 Readman (1990) 47 A Crim R 181 ............................................................................................................... CA.97.240 Ready [1942] VLR 85 ................................................................................................................................... CA.346.80 Reah (1916) 16 SR (NSW) 116; 33 WN 45 ................................................................................................ CA.161.40 Reane (1794) 2 Leach 616; 168 ER 410 ...................................................................................................... CA.94.140 Reardon (2002) 186 FLR 1; [2002] NSWCCA 203 ...................................................................................... CLP.1820 Reardon & Bloor [1866] LR 1 CCR 31 ............................................................................... CA.188.100, CA.188.160 Reculist (1796) 2 Leach 703 ......................................................................................................................... CA.250.40 Reed (1838) 2 Mood 62 ................................................................................................................................ CA.250.40 Reed (1854) 6 Cox CC 284 .......................................................................................................................... CA.157.60 Rees (1834) 6 Carrington & Payne 606 ......................................................................................................... CLP.1460 Reeves (1892) 9 WN (NSW) 43 ................................................................................................................. CA.347.100 Reeves (1992) 29 NSWLR 109 ........................................................................................................................ CLP.360 Reeves (1994) 122 ACTR 1 ........................................................................................................................ CPA.19.180 Rehavi [1999] 2 Qd R 640; (1998) 101 A Crim R 569 ........................................................................ DMTA.25.160 Reid [1973] 1 QB 299; [1972] 2 All ER 1350; (1972) 56 Cr App R 703 .......... CA.86.80, CA.86.100, CA.86.140, CA.86.240 Reid [1992] 1 WLR 793 ................................................................................................................................ CA.4A.40 Reid [1999] NSWCCA 258 ..................................................................................................... CPA.19.40, CPA.281.20 Reid [1999] NSWCCA 355 ........................................................................................................................... CA.323.20 Reid (unreported, CCA (NSW), 21 October 1996) .............................. CA.192E.200, CA.192F.180, CA.178BA.140 Reid (No 2) (1981) 2 A Crim R 28 ........................................................................................................... LEPRA.9.40 Reinsch [1978] 1 NSWLR 483 ................................................................................................................... SPA.10.100 Remnant (1807) Russ & Ry 136 ................................................................................................................... CA.117.20 Renton (1925) 19 Cr App R 33 .................................................................................................................. CA.179.300 Renzella [1997] 2 VR 88; (1996) 88 A Crim R 65 ................................................................................. CPA.150.120 Revell (unreported, NSW CCA, 17 December 1976) .................................................................................. CA.61.140 Revuelta [1959] Cr LR 777 ........................................................................................................................ CA.117.320

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Reyes [2005] NSWCCA 218 ........................................................................................................................ CA.38.120 Reynhoudt (1962) 107 CLR 381; 36 ALJR 26 ......... CA.546C.60, CA.546C.80, CA.58.140, CA.58.180, CLP.1320 Reynhoudt (1962) 107 CLR 381; 36 ALJR 26; [1962] HCA 23 .............................................. CA.60.20, CA.60.120 Reynolds (1880) 1 LR (NSW) 129 ................................................................................................................. CA.79.40 Rhodes [1899] 1 QB 77 ........................................................................................................ CA.179.200, CA.179.300 Rhodes (1959) 44 Cr App R 23 ................................................................................................................ CPA.154.260 Rhodes (1984) 14 A Crim R 124 ............................................................................................. CA.19A.520, CA.4.160 Rice (1859) Bell CC 87 ................................................................................................................................ CA.139.60 Rice [1996] 2 VR 406; (1996) 85 A Crim R 187 ..................................................................................... CA.19A.420 Rice [1996] 2 VR 406; 85 A Crim R 187 ....................................................................................................... CLP.580 Rice (2004) 150 A Crim R 37; [2004] NSWCCA 384 ............................................................................. CA.105A.20 Richards (1844) 1 Car & K 532 ................................................................................................................. CA.117.320 Richards (1844) 1 Cox CC 62 .................................................................................................................... CPA.160.20 Richards [1911] 1 KB 260; (1910) 6 Cr App R 21 ................................................................. CA.139.60, CA.154.40 Richards [1934] QWN 19 ........................................................................................................................... CA.188.160 Richards [1974] QB 776; (1974) 58 Cr App R 60 ................................................................ CA.117.200, CA.346.80 Richards (1994) 64 SASR 42; 77 A Crim R 1 ..................................................................... CPA.19.160, CPA.19.180 Richards (1999) 107 A Crim R 318 ............................................................................................................ CPA.19.180 Richards (2001) 123 A Crim R 14; [2001] NSWCCA 160 ............................................................................ CLP.740 Richardson (1834) 6 Car & P 335 .............................................................................................................. CA.188.160 Richardson (1860) 2 F & F 343 ................................................................................................................... CA.157.60 Richardson [1989] 1 Qd R 583 ................................................................................................................... CPA.293.40 Richardson [1998] 3 WLR 1292 ............................................................................................... CA.61.160, CA.61.260 Rickards [1922] SASR 269 ........................................................................................................................ CA.78A.100 Ridgway (unreported, CCA, 6 February 1995) ............................................................................................ CPA.19.40 Ridley (1811) 2 Camp 650; 170 ER 1282 ............................................................................... CA.43A.120, CA.44.80 Ridpath (1712) 10 Mod 152; 88 ER 670 ................................................................................................... CPA.113.40 Rigby (1858) 7 Cox CC 507 ....................................................................................................................... CA.179.200 Rigby (unreported, CCA (Vic), No 180 of 1993, 21 October 1993) ......................................................... CA.61H.20 Rigney (1975) 12 SASR 30 ....................................................................................................................... CA.93B.100 Rigney (1988) 48 SASR 72 .......................................................................................................................... CPA.34.20 Riley (1853) Dearsly 149 ...................................................................................................... CA.117.160, CA.117.320 Riley [1896] 1 QB 309 .............................................................................................................................. CPA.154.100 Rinaldi (1993) 30 NSWLR 605 ................................................................................. CA.178BB.160, CA.178BB.220 Rinaldi (1993) 30 NSWLR 605; 68 A Crim R 284 ................................................................................ CA.192G.120 Ring, Atkins & Jackson (1892) 17 Cox CC 491 ....................................................................................... CA.117.140 Ritson (1869) LR 1 CCR 200 ....................................................................................................................... CA.250.40 Roach (1990) 54 SASR 491 ...................................................................................................................... CPA.154.200 Robert Millar (Contractors) Ltd [1969] 3 All ER 247 ................................................................................. CA.351.60 Roberts (1828) Car CL 293 ........................................................................................................................... CA.112.80 Roberts (1848) 2 Car & Kir 607 ................................................................................................................ CA.327.200 Roberts (1878) 14 Cox CC 101 ...................................................................................................................... CLP.1460 Roberts (1886) 12 VLR 135 ......................................................................................................................... CA.250.40 Roberts (1972) 56 Cr App R 95 ............................................................ CA.19A.320, CA.61.120, CLP.500, CLP.540 Roberts [1993] 1 All ER 583; (1993) 96 Cr App R 291 ........................................................................... CA.345.140 Roberts (1994) 73 A Crim R 306 ................................................................................................................. CA.97.240 Roberts (1999) 106 A Crim R 67 ............................................................................................................... CPA.19.180 Roberts (2001) 53 NSWLR 138; 124 A Crim R 60 ........................................................................ CA.Pt3.Div10.660 Roberts [2004] NSWSC 325 .................................................................................................................. DMTA.25A.20 Robertson (1864) 10 Cox CC 9 ...................................................................................................................... CA.99.60 Robertson (1914) 9 Cr App R 189 ...................................................................................... CA.19A.100, CA.19A.160 Robertson (1936) 25 Cr App R 208 ............................................................................................................. CA.161.20 Robertson Ex parte Attorney-General (Qld) [1991] 1 Qd R 262; (1990) 45 A Crim R 408 ....... CA.Pt3.Div10.320, CA.Pt3.Div10.420, CA.Pt3.Div10.440, CA.Pt3.Div10.480

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TABLE OF CASES

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Robins (1854) Dearsly 418 ......................................................................................................................... CA.117.360 Robinson (1831) 1 Mood CC 327; 168 ER 1290 ........................................................................................ CA.112.80 Robinson (1859) Bell CC 34 ...................................................................................................................... CA.179.280 Robinson (1864) 4 F & F 43 ...................................................................................................................... CA.188.100 Robinson [1915] 2 KB 342 ........................................................................................................................ CA.344A.60 Robinson [1975] 1 QB 509 ....................................................................................................................... CPA.156.140 Robinson [1975] QB 508; 2 WLR 117; 1 All ER 360 ............................................................................ CPA.156.140 Robinson [1993] Crim LR 581 .................................................................................................................. CA.93C.100 Robinson [2000] NSWCCA 182 ................................................................................................................ CA.310D.80 Robinson [2003] NSWCCA 188 ................................................................................................................ CA.19A.220 Robinson (2006) 162 A Crim R 88 .................................................................................................. CA.Pt3.Div10.620 Robson (1820) Russ & Ry 413 ................................................................................................................... CA.117.360 Robson (1861) Le & Ca 93 .......................................................................................................................... CA.125.60 Robson (1885) 16 QBD 137 ......................................................................................................................... CA.162.40 Robson [1978] 1 NSWLR 73 .................................................................................................... CA.86.140, CA.86.160 Roche (1775) 1 Leach 134; 168 ER 169 .................................................................................................. CPA.156.160 Rochow [1983] 1 Qd R 184; (1982) 8 A Crim R 37 .............................................................................. CPA.156.140 Roddan (No 1) (1995) 86 A Crim R 1 ....................................................................................................... CPA.19.180 Roden (1981) 4 A Crim R 166 ................................................................................................................. CA.61HA.80 Roderick (1837) 7 Car & P 795; 173 ER 347 ...................................................................... CA.344A.40, CA.427.20 Rodway (1841) 9 Car & P 784 ................................................................................................................... CA.117.360 Roe (1870) 11 Cox CC 554 ........................................................................................................................ CA.117.260 Roebuck [1856] Dearsly & Bell 24 ................................................................ CA.179.200, CA.179.280, CA.179.300 Roffel [1985] VR 511; (1984) 14 A Crim R 134 ................................................................. CA.117.160, CA.173.200 Rogers (1838) 8 Car & P 629 ....................................................................................................................... CA.250.40 Rogers (1868) LR 1 CCR 136 .............................................................................................. CA.188.160, CA.345.180 Rogers (1877) 3 QBD 28 .............................................................................................................................. CA.157.60 Rogers (1914) 10 Cr App R 276 .............................................................................................. CA.66A.80, CA.43.120 Rogers (1996) 86 A Crim R 542 .................. CA.310D.60, CA.423.60, CLP.2800, CLP.2820, CLP.2840, CLP.2860, CLP.2880, CLP.2900 Rogers [2003] 1 WLR 1374; [2003] 2 Cr App R 10 .................................................................................... CA.39.80 Rogerson (1870) 9 SCR (NSW) 234 ......................................................................................................... CA.78A.100 Rogerson (1990) 45 A Crim R 253 .............................................................................................................. CPA.19.40 Rogerson (1992) 174 CLR 268; 60 A Crim R 429; [1992] HCA 25 ............. CA.317.100, CA.319.80, CA.319.120, CA.319.140, CLP.660, CLP.740, CLP.760, CPA.156.40 Rogerson (1992) 65 A Crim R 530 .............................................................................................................. CPA.21.80 Roissetter [1984] 1 Qd R 477; 11 A Crim R 325 ........................................................................... CA.Pt3.Div10.320 Rolfe (1952) 36 Cr App R 4 ........................................................................................................................ CA.61L.80 Rolph [1962] Qd R 262 ............................................................................................................................... CA.23A.60 Roma [1956] Crim LR 46 ........................................................................................................................... CA.117.460 Romano (1984) 36 SASR 283; 14 A Crim R 168 ..................................................................... CA.23.60, CA.23.100 Romeo [1988] WAR 304; (1987) 25 A Crim R 80 .................................................................................. CPA.154.260 Rondo (2001) 126 A Crim R 562; [2001] NSWCCA 540 .... CLP.80, LEPRA.11.20, LEPRA.17.20, LEPRA.76.20, LEPRA.99.80 Rook [1993] 1 WLR 1005; 2 All ER 955; (1993) 97 Cr App R 327 ....................................................... CA.345.140 Roome (1995) 84 A Crim R 1 ....................................................................................................................... SPA.46.20 Rooney (1836) 7 Car & P 515; 173 ER 228 .......................................................................................... LEPRA.23.80 Rose (1884) 15 Cox CC 540 .......................................................................................................................... CA.18.20 Rose (1887) 8 LR (NSW) 31; 3 WN 77 ........................................................................................................ CA.4.260 Rose [1965] QWN 35 ..................................................................................................................................... SOA.3.40 Rose (1993) 69 A Crim R 1 ...................................................................................................................... CPA.150.160 Rose (1996) 87 A Crim R 109 ............................................................................................... CA.428I.20, CA.428I.40 Rose [2003] NSWCCA 411 .......................................................................................................................... CA.86.160 Rose (unreported, CCA (NSW), 30 May 1996) ......................................................................................... CA.428I.40

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Rosenberg (1906) 70 JP 264 ........................................................................................................................... CA.85.20 Ross [1922] VLR 329 ..................................................................................................................................... CA.4.160 Ross [1955] St R Qd 48 ............................................................................................................ CA.83.100, CA.83.120 Ross (unreported, CCA, NSW, 20 November 1996) .............................................................................. DPVA.13.120 Rossborough (1985) 81 Cr App R 139 ....................................................................................................... CPA.150.60 Rossi (1994) 75 A Crim R 411 ..................................................................................................................... CPA.30.20 Rossiter [1994] 2 All ER 752; (1992) 95 Cr App R 326 ............................................................................ CA.23.120 Rothwell and Barton [1993] Crim LR 626 ................................................................................................ CA.93B.100 Roulston [1976] 2 NZLR 644 ................................................................................................. CPA.36.20, CPA.160.20 Rouse, Billingsley and Bayes (1849) 4 Cox CC 7 .................................................................................... CA.179.200 Rowe (1859) Bell CC 93 ............................................................................................................................ CA.117.420 Rowe (1996) 89 A Crim R 467 ........................................................................ CA.86.140, CA.86.160, DPVA.13.120 Rowe (2000) 50 NSWLR 510; 118 A Crim R 421 ................................................................................... CPA.281.20 Rowed (1842) 3 QB 180 ............................................................................................................................... CA.576.20 Rowell [1978] 1 WLR 132; [1978] 1 All ER 665; (1977) 65 Cr App R 174 ...................... CA.319.80, CA.319.120 Rowland [1910] 1 KB 458; (1909) 3 Cr App R 277 ................................................................................. CA.188.240 Rowlands (1882) 8 QBD 530 ................................................................................................................... CA.178C.120 Rowlands [1972] 1 QB 424 ........................................................................................................................ CPA.21.160 Rowlands 117 ER 1439; (1851) 17 QB 671 .................................................................................................... CLP.660 Roxburgh (1871) 12 Cox CC 8 ..................................................................... CA.546C.60, CA.546C.100, CA.58.200 Royall (1989) 41 A Crim R 447 ..................................................................................................................... CA.59.80 Royle (1895) 6 QLJ 146 ............................................................................................................................... CA.161.40 Royle [1971] 1 WLR 1764; [1971] 3 All ER 1359 ............................................................................. CA.178BA.120 Royle [1971] 1 WLR 1764; [1971] 3 All ER 1359; (1972) 56 Cr App R 131 ..................................... CA.192E.160 Rudd, Garside and Mosley (1834) 2 Ad & El 266; 111 ER 103 ............................................................ CPA.154.320 Rugari (2001) 122 A Crim R 1; [2001] NSWCCA 64 .......................................................... CPA.36.20, CPA.160.20 Ruiz-Avila (2003) 142 A Crim R 459; [2003] NSWCCA 264 ............................................ DMTA.3.40, DMTA.6.20 Rumpf [1988] VR 466; 29 A Crim R 252 ................................................................................................... CA.444.40 Runjanjic (1991) 56 SASR 114; 53 A Crim R 362 ..................................................................... CLP.2560, CLP.2580 Rushbrook [1974] 1 NSWLR 699 ................................................................................................................ CPA.30.20 Russell (1832) 1 Mood 356 .......................................................................................................................... CA.346.80 Russell (1833) 1 Mood CC 377; 168 ER 1310 ............................................................................................ CA.112.80 Russell (1878) 1 SCR NS (NSW) 73 ......................................................................................................... CA.117.260 Russell [1933] VLR 59 ......................................................................................... CA.24.220, CA.45.120, CA.345.80 Russell (1944) 29 Cr App R 165 ................................................................................................................ CA.120.140 Russell (1987) 85 Cr App R 388 ............................................................................................................... CA.19A.220 Russett [1892] 2 QB 312 ....................................................................................................... CA.117.160, CA.117.360 Rust (1828) 1 Mood CC 183; 168 ER 1234 ................................................................................................ CA.112.80 Rutter (1908) 25 TLR 73 ................................................................................................................................ CLP.1480 Ryan (1853) Legge Supreme Court Cases 797 ......................................................................... CA.428I.60, CLP.1180 Ryan (1890) 11 LR (NSW) 171; 6 WN (NSW) 162 ................................................................................... CA.33.160 Ryan [1906] St R Qd 15 ............................................................................................................................ CA.19A.100 Ryan (1914) 10 Cr App R 4 ....................................................................................................................... CA.179.220 Ryan [1966] VR 553 ............................................................................................................ CA.310D.60, CA.345.100 Ryan [1977] 1 NSWLR 320 ...................................................................................................................... CA.441A.20 Ryan (1995) 90 A Crim R 191 .................................................................................................................... CA.23A.60 Ryan (2003) 141 A Crim R 403; [2003] NSWCCA 202 ....................................................................... CA.52AB.200 Ryan (2006) 167 A Crim R 241; [2006] NSWCCA 394 ............................................................................. SPA.12.20 Ryder [1995] 2 NZLR 271 ......................................................................................................................... CA.19A.160 Rye (1909) 2 Cr App R 155 ...................................................................................................... CA.117.20, CA.119.40 S [1979] 2 NSWLR 1 ........... CLP.240, CLP.260, CLP.340, CLP.1040, CLP.1060, CLP.1080, CLP.1100, CLP.1140, CLP.1160 R v S (1988) 39 A Crim R 288 ............................................................................................................................ CPA.21.20 R v S (1991) 22 NSWLR 548; (1991) 53 A Crim R 263 ..................................... CA.52A.140, CA.52A.200, CA.53.100

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S [1998] 3 VR 862; 98 A Crim R 80 ......................................................................................................... CPA.21.380 S and Wife (1851) 5 Cox CC 279 .................................................................................................................. CA.44.80 SDM (2001) 51 NSWLR 530; 127 A Crim R 318; [2001] NSWCCA 158 ............................................... CA.97.240 Sabri Isa [1952] St R Qd 269 ......................................................................................................................... CA.23.60 Sadler (1900) 21 LR (NSW) 380; 17 WN 144 .............................................................................................. CA.5.180 Saffron [No 1] (1988) 17 NSWLR 395; 36 A Crim R 262 ............................................................ CLP.680, CLP.780 Safwan (1986) 8 NSWLR 97; 23 A Crim R 385 ...................................................... CA.4A.20, CA.5.200, CLP.1400 Sagacio (1990) 99 FLR 439 .............................................................................................. CPA.156.140, CPA.156.220 Sagiv (1986) 22 A Crim R 73 ................................................................................................................... CPA.154.200 Saik [2006] UKHL 18; [2007] 1 AC 18; [2006] 2 WLR 993 ........................................................................ CLP.740 Sakail [1993] 1 Qd R 312 ................................................................................ CA.Pt3.Div10.440, CA.Pt3.Div10.480 Salama [1999] NSWCCA 105 ........................................................................................................................ CLP.1900 Salameh (1986) 26 A Crim R 353 ................................................................................................................ CA.94.160 Saleam (1989) 41 A Crim R 108 .................................................................................................................. CA.121.40 Salem (1997) 96 A Crim R 421 ....................................................................................................................... CLP.760 Sales (1989) 42 A Crim R 297 ............................................................................................ DMTA.3.20, DMTA.32.40 Saliba [1973] Qd R 142 .............................................................................................................................. CA.188.160 Salisbury [1976] VR 452 ..... CA.35A.120, CA.27.80, CA.33.180, CA.54.80, CA.97.220, CA.98.220, CPA.162.20, CPA.162.40 Salmon (1880) 6 QBD 79 ..................................................................................................... CA.345.100, CPA.21.160 Salvo [1980] VR 401; 5 A Crim R 1 ................................ CA.192E.140, CA.117.200, CA.178BA.140, CA.197.100 Sampson (1885) 52 LT 772 ......................................................................................................................... CA.179.200 Sams (1988) 36 A Crim R 245 ........................................................................ CPA.19.100, CPA.19.140, CPA.19.180 Sanchez [1996] Crim LR 572 ................................................................................................ CA.93C.80, CA.93C.140 Sanders (1867) LR 1 CCR 75 .................................................................................................................... CA.546C.60 Sanders [1919] 1 KB 550 ...................................................................................................... CA.179.200, CA.179.280 Sanders (1991) 57 SASR 102 ........................ CA.192E.140, CA.94.240, CA.117.200, CA.178BA.140, CA.179.300 Sandford (1994) 33 NSWLR 172; 72 A Crim R 160 ....................... CA.7.140, CLP.1700, CPA.19.40, DMTA.7.60, DMTA.25.200, DMTA.29.40 Sanewski [1987] 1 Qd R 374 ....................................................................................................... CLP.80, DMTA.3.80 Sang [1980] AC 402 ...................................................................................................................................... CPA.19.80 Sara (1876) 14 SCR (NSW) 347 ................................................................................................................ CPA.21.180 Saragozza [1984] VR 187; (1983) 9 A Crim R 185 .............. CA.Pt3.Div10.420, CA.Pt3.Div10.440, CA.61HA.100 Saunders (1865) 4 SCR (NSW) 200 ........................................................................................................... CA.117.440 Saunders [1965] Qd R 409 ............................................................................................................... CA.Pt3.Div10.420 Saunders (1994) 72 A Crim R 347 .................................................................. CPA.19.100, CPA.21.380, CPA.21.400 Saunders (2002) 133 A Crim R 104; [2002] NSWCCA 362 ................................................................... CA.52A.200 Saunders (unreported, CCA (NSW), 23 February 1993) ................................................... CPA.19.120, DMTA.25.80 Saunders & Archer (1573) 2 Plowd 473; 75 ER 706 .............................................. CA.5.180, CA.346.80, CLP.1400 Sauzier (1920) 14 QJPR 89 .......................................................................................................................... CPA.30.20 Savage (1831) 5 Car & P 143 ..................................................................................................................... CA.117.360 Savage (1876) 13 Cox CC 178 .................................................................................................................. CA.78A.100 Savage (1906) 70 JP 36 .............................................................................................................................. CA.188.160 Savage [1992] 1 AC 699 ............................................................................................................................... CA.61.140 Savage [1992] 1 AC 699; [1991] 3 WLR 914; [1991] 4 All ER 698 ........................................................ CA.35.100 Savka (1996) 88 A Crim R 393 ................................................................................................................. CA.52A.240 Savvas (1989) 43 A Crim R 331 .................................................................................................................. CA.578.20 Sawyer [1936] VLR 1 ................................................................................................................................. CA.179.200 Sawyer (1970) 16 FLR 354 ........................................................................................................................ CA.189B.20 Saxon & Morton (unreported, CCA (NSW), 6 December 1994) .............................................................. DMTA.7.60 Saylor [1963] QWN 14 ................................................................................................................................. CA.346.80 Sbarra (1918) 13 Cr App R 118 ................................................................................................................. CA.188.100 Scaife [1959] Crim LR 295 .............................................................................................................................. CLP.920 Scaramanga [1963] 2 QB 807; (1963) 47 Cr App R 213 ......................................................................... CA.345.100

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TABLE OF CASES

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v v v v

Scarrow (1968) 52 Cr App R 591 .............................................................................................................. CA.93C.100 Schaffer [2005] NSWCCA 193 ..................................................................................................................... CA.322.60 Scheer [1923] 2 DLR 402 ............................................................................................................................. CA.180.20 Schell [1964] Tas SR 184 .............................................................................. CA.66F.60, CA.61HA.40, CA.61HA.80 Schiavini (1999) 108 A Crim R 161 ........................................................................................................... CPA.281.20 Schipanski (1987) 17 NSWLR 618 .......................................................................................... CA.188.180, CLP.1300 Schlesinger (1847) 10 QB 670 .............................................................................................. CA.327.160, CA.327.180 Schloss (1897) QCR 337; (1897) 8 QLJ 21 ................................................................................................ CA.61L.80 Schmidt (1866) LR 1 CCR 15 .................................................................................................................... CA.188.160 Schneidas [No 1] (1980) 4 A Crim R 95 ................................................................................................. CPA.154.220 Schneidas (No 2) [1981] 2 NSWLR 713; (1981) 4 A Crim R 101 ......................................................... CA.19A.600 Schweller (1924) 18 Cr App R 52 ................................................................................................................ CA.189.20 Scofield (1784) Cald Mag Cas 397 ........................................................................................................... CA.344A.40 Scott [1907] VLR 471 ................................................................................................................................ CA.249B.40 Scott [1967] VR 276 .................................................................................................................. CA.310D.60, CLP.140 Scott [1975] AC 819; [1974] 3 WLR 741; [1974] 3 All ER 1032 ................................................................... CLP.80 Scott (1990) 20 NSWLR 72; 49 A Crim R 96 .......................................................................................... CA.173.180 Scott (unreported, CCA (Vic), 2 June 1987) .............................................................................................. CPA.21.380 Scranton (1920) 15 Cr App R 104 .............................................................................................................. CA.117.360 Scriva (No 2) [1951] VLR 298 ................................................................................................ CA.19A.600, CA.23.60 Scully (1903) 23 NZLR 380 ........................................................................................................................... CA.84.80 Scully 171 ER 1213; (1824) 1 Car & P 319 .................................................................................................. CA.18.20 Seaman (1981) 4 A Crim R 119 ................................................................................................................... CA.423.40 Secombe (1917) 12 Cr App R 275 ............................................................................................................. CA.179.300 Secretary (1996) 107 NTR; 86 A Crim R 119 ............................................................................................. CA.423.60 See Lun (1932) 32 SR (NSW) 363; 49 WN (NSW) 116 ...................................................... CA.117.200, CA.346.80 Seebag (unreported, CCA (NSW), 16 February 1993) ........................................................... CPA.19.40, CPA.19.160 Seiga (1960) 45 Cr App R 26 ..................................................................................................................... CA.188.160 Sellen (1991) 57 A Crim R 313 .................................................................................................................... SPA.44.20 Sellis 173 ER 370; (1837) 7 Car & P 850 ................................................................................................ CA.19A.100 Selvage [1982] QB 372; [1981] 3 WLR 811; [1982] 1 All ER 96 ........................................................... CA.319.140 Selway (1859) 8 Cox CC 235 ....................................................................................................................... CA.94.120 Semple (1786) 1 Leach 420 ........................................................................................................................ CA.117.360 Senior [1899] 1 QB 283 ..................................................... CA.24.220, CA.44.100, CA.179.220, CLP.80, SOA.5.40 Senior 168 ER 1298 ................................................................................................................................... CA.19A.100 Sepulveda (2006) 167 A Crim R 108 ............................................................................................... CA.Pt3.Div10.620 Sergi [1974] VR 1 ...................................................................................................................................... CA.19A.500 Serratore (1999) 48 NSWLR 101; [1999] NSWCCA 377 ........... CA.19A.20, CA.19A.160, CA.19A.200, CLP.580, CPA.21.160 Sessions [1998] 2 VR 304 ............................................................................. CPA.19.160, CPA.156.20, CPA.156.240 Settimio Coviello (1995) 81 A Crim R 293 ........................................................................................... DMTA.25.140 Sewell [2002] NSWCCA 7 ....................................................................................................................... CPA.154.200 Seymour [1954] 1 WLR 678; 1 All ER 1006; (1954) 38 Cr App R 68 ........... CA.117.20, CA.117.460, CA.188.40 Seymour [1976] VR 609 ............................................................................................................................... CA.113.60 Seymour [1983] 2 AC 493; [1983] 3 WLR 349; [1983] 2 All ER 1058 ...................................................... CA.24.40 Shacter [1960] 2 QB 252; (1959) 44 Cr App R 42 ..................................................................................... CA.173.80 Shadbolt (1835) 5 Car & P 504; 172 ER 1073 .............................................................................................. CA.27.80 Shaluga [1958] SR (NSW) 151; (1958) 75 WN (NSW) 120 ..................................................................... SOA.15.40 Sharah (1992) 30 NSWLR 292; 63 A Crim R 361 ................. CA.19A.20, CA.19A.80, CA.19A.140, CA.19A.200, CA.19A.540, CA.96.80, CA.97.120, CA.98.180, CA.98.200, CA.345.140 Sharma (2002) 54 NSWLR 300; 130 A Crim R 238 ................................................................................... SPA.22.20 Sharman (1854) Dears 285 ........................................................................................................ CA.250.60, CA.250.80 Sharp (1847) 2 Cox CC 181 ......................................................................................................................... CA.117.20 Sharp (1863) 2 SCR (NSW) 150 .................................................................................................................... CLP.1520

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TABLE OF CASES

R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R

v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v

Sharp [1957] 1 QB 552; 2 WLR 472 ............................................................. CA.93B.100, CA.93C.60, CA.93C.100 Sharp [1987] QB 853; [1987] 3 WLR 1; [1987] 3 All ER 103 ................................................................... CLP.2620 Sharpe (1857) Dearsly & Bell 160 ............................................................................................................. CA.117.260 Sharpe [1938] 1 All ER 48; (1938) 26 Cr App R 122 .............................................................................. CA.319.140 Sharpless & Greatrix (1772) 1 Leach 92 .................................................................................................... CA.117.360 Shaw (1911) 6 Cr App R 103 ..................................................................................................................... CA.327.120 Shaw [1980] 1 WLR 1526; 2 All ER 433; (1980) 70 Cr App R 313 ......................................................... CPA.36.20 Shaw [1981] 2 NSWLR 648; 4 A Crim R 228 ................................................. CA.19A.520, CA.428I.40, CLP.1180 Shaw [1995] 2 Qd R 97 ............................................................................................................................ CA.61HA.80 Shaw [1996] 1 Qd R 641; (1995) 78 A Crim R 150 ............................................................................... CA.61HA.40 Shaw [1996] 1 Qd R 641; 78 A Crim R 150 .................................................................................................. CLP.580 Shaw (2001) 121 A Crim R 25; [2001] NSWCCA 44 .............................................................................. CA.112.160 Shayler [2001] 1 WLR 2206 .......................................................................................................................... CLP.2540 Shea (1856) 7 Cox CC 147 ......................................................................................................................... CA.117.420 Shea (1988) 33 A Crim R 394 .................................................................................................... CA.23.60, CA.23.180 Sheard (1837) 7 Car & P 846; 173 ER 368 ................................................................................................... CA.27.80 Sheen (1827) 2 Car & P 634 ............................................................................................... CPA.19.160, CPA.156.180 Sheen (2007) 170 A Crim R 533; [2007] NSWCCA 45 ........................................................................... DMTA.6.20 Sheer Metalcraft Ltd [1954] 1 QB 586; [1954] 2 WLR 777; [1954] 1 All ER 542 ................................... CLP.1480 Sheldon (1680) 2 Strange 748 ...................................................................................................................... CA.250.40 Shendley [1970] Crim LR 49 ............................................................ CA.94.380, CA.95.100, CA.97.220, CA.98.220 Shephard (1868) LT 19 ................................................................................................................................. CA.47.100 Shephard [1919] 2 KB 125; (1920) 14 Cr App R 26 .................................................................................... CA.26.40 Shepherd (1862) 9 Cox CC 123 ..................................................................................................................... CA.44.80 Shepherd (1862) Le & Ca 147; 169 ER 1340 ............................................................................................. CA.24.220 Shepherd (1868) LR 1 CCR 118 .................................................................................................................. CA.140.40 Shepherd (1987) 86 Cr App R 47; [1987] Crim. LR 686 ............................................................................. CLP.2620 Shepherd [2003] NSWCCA 351 ..................................................................................................................... CA.27.80 Sheppard (1810) Russ & Ry 169 .................................................................................................................. CA.250.60 Sheppard (1839) 9 Car & P 121 ............................................................................................. CA.117.360, CA.345.60 Sheppard [1981] AC 394; [1980] 3 All ER 899; (1980) 72 Cr App R 82 .............................................. CA.43A.120 Sheppard [1981] AC 394; [1980] 3 All ER 899; (1981) 72 Cr App R 82 ................................................. CA.44.100 Sheridan [1937] 1 KB 223 ........................................................................................................................ CPA.156.220 Sherlock (1866) LR 1 CCR 20 ..................................................................................................................... CA.58.200 Sherwood [1857] Dearsly & Bell 251 ........................................................................................................ CA.179.200 Shields [1967] VR 706 .............................................................................................................. CA.428I.60, CLP.1180 Shields [1981] VR 717; 2 A Crim R 237 ..................................................................................................... CA.54.100 Shivpuri [1987] AC 1; [1986] 2 WLR 988; (1986) 83 Cr App R 178 .............................. CA.344A.100, CA.27.100 Shore (1992) 66 A Crim R 37 .................................................................................................................... CPA.154.60 Shukard (1811) Russ & Ry 200 .................................................................................................................... CA.250.80 Shumack (2008) 191 A Crim R 513; [2008] NSWCCA 311 ................................................................. CA.52AB.200 Silver [1956] 1 WLR 281; [1956] 1 All ER 716 ........................................................................................ SOA.15.40 Silverlock [1894] 2 QB 766 .......................................................................................................................... CA.179.80 Simmonds (1909) 2 Cr App R 303 ............................................................................................................. CA.179.300 Simmonds [1969] 1 QB 685; [1967] 3 WLR 367; (1967) 51 Cr App R 316 ................................................ CLP.740 Simmonite (1843) 1 Cox CC 30 ................................................................................................................ CA.78A.100 Simms (1995) 83 A Crim R 1 ....................................................................................................................... CPA.19.40 Simonds (unreported, CCA (NSW), 6 May 1991) .................................................................................... CA.310D.80 Simons (1773) 2 East PC 731 ....................................................................................................................... CA.94.140 Simpson (1854) Dears 421; 169 ER 788 .................................................................................. CA.94.100, CA.94.300 Simpson [1914] 1 KB 66 .......................................................................................................................... CPA.156.140 Simpson [1983] 1 WLR 1494; [1983] 3 All ER 789; (1984) 78 Cr App R 115 ......................................... CA.4.200 Simpson (1992) 61 A Crim R 58 .................................................................................................................. SPA.44.20 Simpson (2001) 53 NSWLR 704; (2001) 126 A Crim R 525; [2001] NSWCCA 534 .............................. SPA.44.40

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TABLE OF CASES

R v Sims [1946] 1 KB 531; (1946) 31 Cr App R 158 ........................ CA.78A.100, CA.79.20, CA.83.120, CPA.21.180, CPA.21.360, CPA.21.400, CPA.154.60 R v Sims (1995) 83 A Crim R 1 .......................................................................................................................... SPA.44.20 R v Simson (1664) Kelyng 31 ........................................................................................................................... CA.117.140 R v Sinclair [1968] 1 WLR 1246; [1968] 3 All ER 241; (1968) 52 Cr App R 618 ........ CA.176A.80, CLP.80, CLP.740 R v Sinclair (1989) 44 A Crim R 449 ............................................................................................................... CA.319.140 R v Sing (2002) 54 NSWLR 31; [2002] NSWCCA 20 ...................................................................................... CA.112.80 R v Singh (Pritam) [1958] 1 WLR 143; 1 All ER 199; (1957) 42 Cr App R 44 ........................................... CA.327.120 R v Singleton (1994) 72 A Crim R 117 ................................................................................................................ CLP.2560 R v Skeet (1866) 4 F & F 931 ........................................................................................................................... CA.345.100 R v Skewes (1981) 7 A Crim R 276 ....................................................................................................................... CLP.760 R v Skipworth [2006] NSWCCA 37 ....................................................................................................... CA.Pt3.Div10.520 R v Skivington [1968] 1 QB 166; [1967] 2 WLR 665; [1967] 1 All ER 483 ......... CA.94.100, CA.94.240, CA.117.200 R v Skuse (unreported CCA NSW 24 Oct 1996) ................................................................................... CA.Pt3.Div10.320 R v Slack [1989] 1 QB 775; (1989) Cr App R 252 ................................................ CA.345.100, CA.345.140, CA.346.80 R v Slater [1922] SASR 494 .............................................................................................................................. CA.345.100 R v Slator (1881) 8 QBD 267 ............................................................................................................................ CPA.154.20 R v Slattery (1996) 90 A Crim R 519 .......................................................................................... CA.52A.20, CA.52A.240 R v Sloan (1988) 32 A Crim R 366 ............................................................................................. CPA.19.100, CPA.62.100 R v Sloane (1990) 49 A Crim R 270 ................................................................................................................. CPA.19.160 R v Sloane (2001) 126 A Crim R 188; [2001] NSWCCA 421 .......................................................................... CA.60.200 R v Smale (unreported, CCA (NSW), 15 August 1986) ................................................................................... CA.117.440 R v Smale (unreported, CCA (NSW), 15 November 1987) ........................................................................... DMTA.25.80 R v Small (1837) 8 Car & P 46 ......................................................................................................................... CA.117.360 R v Small (1991) 54 A Crim R 460 ................................................................................................................ DMTA.29.40 R v Small (1994) 33 NSWLR 575; 72 A Crim R 462 .................. CPA.19.40, CPA.19.180, CPA.150.100, CPA.150.240 R v Smalley [1963] Qd R 508 ........................................................................................................................... CA.179.280 R v Smart [1983] 1 VR 265; (1982) 6 A Crim R 192 ...................................................................................... CPA.21.280 R v Smellie (1919) 14 Cr App R 128 .................................................................................................................. CPA.34.20 R v Smith (1820) Russ & Ry 417; 168 ER 874 ................................................................................................. CA.112.80 R v Smith (1827) 1 Mood CC 178; 168 ER 1232 .............................................................................................. CA.112.80 R v Smith (1837) 8 Car & P 173; 173 ER 448 .............................................................. CA.18.20, CA.27.80, CA.33.120 R v Smith (1838) 8 Car & P 153; 173 ER 438 .................................................................................................... CA.44.80 R v Smith (1845) 5 LTOS 393; 1 Cox CC 260 ...................................................................................................... CLP.560 R v Smith (1853) 6 Cox 314 ............................................................................................................................. CA.179.200 R v Smith (1855) Dears 561; 169 ER 845 ............................................................................................................ CA.4.260 R v Smith (1858) Dears & Bell 566 .................................................................................................................... CA.250.40 R v Smith (1862) 3 F & F 504 ............................................................................................................................ CA.250.60 R v Smith (1865) Le & Ca 607; 169 ER 1533 ..................................................................................................... CA.44.80 R v Smith (1866) 4 F & F 1066 .......................................................................................................................... CA.61.120 R v Smith (1875) 14 SCR (NSW) 195 ................................................................................................................ CPA.21.20 R v Smith (1876) 14 SCR (NSW) 419 ................................................................... CA.546C.100, CA.58.200, CA.60.120 R v Smith (1878) 1 SCR NS (NSW) 71 ............................................................................................................... CA.4.260 R v Smith (1885) 1 WN (NSW) 162 ..................................................................................................................... CA.85.20 R v Smith (1898) 62 JP 231 .................................................................................................................................. CA.4.260 R v Smith [1918] 2 KB 415; (1918) 13 Cr App R 157 ................................................................................... CA.188.240 R v Smith [1924] 2 KB 194; (1924) 18 Cr App R 76 ............................................................. CA.178A.180, CA.168.100 R v Smith [1925] 1 KB 603 ................................................................................................................................. CA.432.20 R v Smith (1931) 22 Cr App R 180 .................................................................................................................. CA.179.300 R v Smith [1959] 2 QB 35; [1959] 2 WLR 623; [1959] 2 All ER 193 ......... CA.19A.300, CLP.440, CLP.500, CLP.540 R v Smith [1963] 1 WLR 1200; 3 All ER 597 ................................................................................................. CA.345.100 R v Smith [1973] 2 WLR 942; [1973] 2 All ER 896; (1973) 57 Cr App R 666 ............................................ CA.188.180 R v Smith [1974] 1 All ER 376 ........................................................................................................................... CA.83.100 R v Smith [1974] QB 354; [1974] 2 WLR 20; [1974] 1 All ER 632 ............................................ CA.195.80, CA.417.20

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TABLE OF CASES

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v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v

Smith [1982] 1 NSWLR 1 .............................................................................................................. CA.5.80, CA.5.200 Smith [1982] 2 NSWLR 569 ..................................................................................................................... CA.442A.20 Smith [1982] 2 NSWLR 608 ............................................................................... CPA.34.20, CPA.36.20, CPA.160.20 Smith (1982) 7 A Crim R 437 ...................................................................................... CA.192E.120, CA.178BA.120 Smith (1986) 4 NSWLR 689; (1986) 19 A Crim R 404 ............................................................................. CA.444.40 Smith (1986) 7 NSWLR 444; 23 A Crim R 266 ................................................................... CA.94.100, CA.117.440 Smith (1990) 47 A Crim R 43 ........................................................................................................................ CA.94.20 Smith [1995] 1 VR 10; (1994) 73 A Crim R 384 .......................................... CPA.19.160, CPA.159.20, CPA.214.40 Smith (2000) 114 A Crim R 8 ................................................................................................................. CA.178A.240 Smith [2001] 1 AC 146; [2000] 3 WLR 654; [2000] 4 All ER 289 ............................................................ CA.23.20 Smith (unreported, CCA (NSW), 18 September 1990) ............................................................................... CA.208.20 Smith (unreported CCA NSW 20 December 1990) ......................................................................... CA.Pt3.Div10.320 Smith (No 2) (1995) 64 SASR 1; 80 A Crim R 491 .................................................................................... CLP.2640 Smith 169 ER 818; (1855) Dears 494 ........................................................................................................ CA.188.160 Smithers (1977) 75 DLR (3d) 321 ............................................................................................................. CA.19A.360 Smyth (1882) 8 VLR (L) 141 ..................................................................................................................... CA.327.220 Smyth [1963] VR 737 ..................................................................................................................................... CA.5.160 Smythies (1849) 1 Den 498 .......................................................................................................................... CA.250.40 Snell (1837) 2 Mood and R 44 ....................................................................................................................... CA.85.20 Snelling (1942) 28 Cr App R 117 .............................................................................................................. CA.188.180 Soares (1802) Russ & Ry 25 ........................................................................................................................ CA.345.80 Sobolewski (unreported, CCA (NSW), 21 April 1998) ................................................................................. CA.7.100 Solomon [1959] Qd R 123 ............................................................................................................................ CA.351.60 Solomon [1980] 1 NSWLR 321; (1979) 1 A Crim R 247 ................................ CA.19A.500, CA.428I.60, CA.5.140 Solomons (1890) 27 Cox CC 93 ................................................................................................................ CA.117.360 Solomons [1909] 2 KB 980; (1909) 2 Cr App R 288 ........................................................... CA.155.40, CA.158.140 Solway [1984] 2 Qd R 75; 11 A Crim R 449 ................................................................................ CA.7.80, CA.7.120 Somers [1963] 1 WLR 1306; [1963] 3 All ER 808; (1964) 48 Cr App R 11 ......................................... CA.52A.180 Sorby [1986] VR 753; (1986) 21 A Crim R 64 .............................................................................................. CLP.760 Sorlie (1925) 25 SR (NSW) 532; 42 WN (NSW) 152 ............................................................................... CA.61L.80 Sossi [1986] WAR 163; (1985) 17 A Crim R 405 ..................................................................................... CA.327.120 Souter (1997) 93 A Crim R 400 ................................................................................................................. CPA.19.180 Southammavong [2003] NSWCCA 312 ........................................................................................................... CLP.360 Southwood (1858) 1 F & F 356 ................................................................................................................. CA.327.160 Sparkes (1996) 6 Tas R 178; 88 A Crim R 194 ........................................................................................... CPA.34.20 Sparks [1964] AC 964 ...................................................................................................................... CA.Pt3.Div10.380 Spartels [1953] VLR 194 ........................... CA.27.100, CA.28.100, CA.29.100, CA.30.100, CA.43.140, CA.423.80 Spathis [2001] NSWCCA 476 .......................................................................... CA.19A.20, CA.19A.80, CA.19A.540 Speechley [2012] NSWCCA 130 .......................................................................... CA.86.160, CA.86.180, CA.86.220 Speer (unreported, CCA (NSW), 11 December 1990) .............................................................................. CA.52A.240 Spencer (1783) 2 East PC 712 ...................................................................................................................... CA.94.140 Spencer (1815) Russ & Ry 299 .................................................................................................................... CA.155.40 Spencer (1863) 3 Fos & Fin 854 ............................................................................................................... CA.546C.60 Spencer (1873) 4 AJR 29 .............................................................................................................................. CPA.19.40 Sperling (unreported, CCA (NSW), 13 August 1992) .......................................................................... CA.178BA.140 Sperling (unreported, NSWCCA, 13 August 1992) ................................................................................. CA.192E.140 Sperotto (1970) 71 SR (NSW) 334; 92 WN (NSW) 223 ......................... CA.61HA.80, CA.61HA.100, CPA.21.160 Spicer (1955) 39 Cr App R 189 ..................................................................................................................... CA.83.80 Spiero (1979) 22 SASR 543 ........................................................................................................................ CA.428I.60 Spratling [1911] 1 KB 77 .............................................................................................................................. CA.441.20 Spratt (1990) 91 Cr App 362 ........................................................................................................................ CA.61.140 Spriggs (1834) 1 Mood & R 357; 174 ER 122 ........................................................................................... CA.112.80 Spriggs [1958] 1 QB 270; (1958) 42 Cr App R 69 .................................................................................... CA.23A.60 Springfield (1969) 53 Cr App R 608 .......................................................................................................... CPA.162.40

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TABLE OF CASES

R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R

v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v

Squire (1818) Russ & Ry 349 ...................................................................................................................... CA.155.40 St George (1840) 9 C & P 483; 173 ER 921 ........................................................................... CA.61.120, CA.61.140 Stacey (1985) 20 A Crim R 45 ................................................................................................................... CA.179.240 Stafford (1976) 13 SASR 392 ................................................................................................. CA.33.160, CA.117.440 Stainer (1870) LR 1 CCR 230 ...................................................................................................................... CA.157.60 Staines (1974) 60 Cr App R 160 .................................................................................. CA.192E.120, CA.178BA.120 Stally [1960] 1 WLR 79; [1959] 3 All ER 814; (1959) 44 Cr App R 5 .................................................... CA.345.80 Standley (1816) Russ & Ry 305 ................................................................................................................... CA.345.60 Stanhope (unreported, CCA (NSW), 10.9.87) ...................................................................................... CA.178BA.120 Stanhope (unreported, NSWCCA, 10 September 1987) ......................................................................... CA.192E.160 Stanley (1903) 23 NZLR 1100 .................................................................................................................. CA.78A.100 Stanley [2003] NSWCCA 233 ...................................................................................................................... CA.97.240 Stanley (unreported, NSW CCA, 7 April 1995) ......................................................................... CA.4.160, CA.61.240 Stanton (1851) 5 Cox CC 324 .................................................................................................................. CPA.156.100 Stanton 174 ER 872; (1844) 1 Car & K 415 ........................................................................................... CA.61HA.80 Starecki [1960] VR 141 .................................................................................................................................. CLP.1140 Starkie [1922] 2 KB 275; (1922) 16 Cr App R 61 ................................................................ CA.83.120, CA.179.300 Steane [1947] KB 997; [1947] 1 All ER 813; (1948) 32 Cr App R 61 ....................................................... CLP.2540 Steeden (unreported, CCA (NSW), 19 August 1994) ....................................................... CPA.150.100, CPA.150.120 Steel (1910) 5 Cr App R 289 ................................................................................................................... CA.178C.140 Steele (1952) 70 WN (NSW) 167 ........................................................................................ CA.189A.20, CA.117.320 Steels (1867) 11 Cox CC 5 ......................................................................................................................... CA.179.280 Steer [1988] AC 111; [1987] 3 WLR 205; [1987] 2 All ER 833 ............................................................. CA.196.120 Steff (1997) 96 A Crim R 1 ....................................................................................................................... CA.310D.80 Steffan (1993) 30 NSWLR 633; 67 A Crim R 506 .............................................................. CPA.19.100, CPA.19.160 Stellino (1966) 85 WN .................................................................................................................................... CA.23.60 Stephens (1839) 3 State Trials (NS) 1189 ................................................................................................. CA.545C.60 Stephens (1888) 16 Cox CC 387 .................................................................................................................. CA.157.60 Stephens (1910) 4 Cr App R 52 ............................................................................................ CA.117.320, CA.117.360 Stephenson [1979] QB 695 ............................................................................................................................ CA.4A.40 Stephenson [2010] NSWSC 779 ................................................................................................................. SPA.10.100 Sterling (1773) 1 Leach 99 ........................................................................................................................... CA.250.40 Sterling [1981] 2 NSLWR 920 ................................................................................................................ CA.185A.200 Sterne (1787) 1 Leach 473; 168 ER 338 ................................................................................................... CA.345.180 Stevens (1844) 3 LTOS 22 .......................................................................................................................... CA.179.200 Stevens (1991) 23 NSWLR 75; (1991) 53 A Crim R 228 .................................................................... DMTA.25.200 Stevens [2004] QCA 99 .................................................................................................................................. CLP.2260 Stevens (unreported, NSW CCA, 26 September 1994) ............................................................................. CA.61L.100 Stevenson [1907] VLR 475 ........................................................................................................................ CA.249B.40 Stewart (1818) Russ & Ry 363 ..................................................................................................................... CA.345.60 Stewart (1845) 1 Cox CC 174 .................................................................................................................... CA.117.360 Stewart (1876) 13 Cox CC 296 ...................................................................................................................... CLP.1460 Stewart (1886) 12 VLR 567 .................................................................................. CA.95.100, CA.97.220, CA.98.220 Stewart (1920) 21 SR (NSW) 33 ..................................................................................................... CA.Pt3.Div10.460 Stewart [1929] SASR 500 ............................................................................................................................. CA.94.320 Stewart (1932) 97 JP Jo 137 ....................................................................................................................... CA.114.100 Stewart (1959) 44 Cr App R 29 ........................................................................... CA.545D.100, CA.47.80, CA.55.80 Stewart [1995] 3 All ER 159 ...................................................................................................................... CA.345.100 Stewart (1995) 4 All ER 999; [1996] 1 Cr App R 229 ................................................................................. CA.23.60 Stewart (unreported, CCA (NSW), 1 December 1992) ............................................................................. CA.310D.80 Stimpson (1863) 4 Best and Smith 301 ....................................................................................................... CA.512.80 Stingel (1990) 171 CLR 312; 50 A Crim R 186; [1990] HCA 61 ..... CA.23.20, CA.23.60, CA.23.120, CA.23.140, CA.23.160 R v Stocker (1695) 5 Mod Rep 137 .................................................................................................................... CA.250.40

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TABLE OF CASES

R v Stoddart (1909) 2 Cr App R 217 ................................................................................................................ CA.179.320 R v Stokes (1990) 51 A Crim R 25 .......... CA.4A.40, CA.33A.100, CA.41A.100, CA.43A.120, CA.428I.40, CA.5.120, CA.5.140, CA.5.200, CA.24.160, CA.33.40, CA.33.120, CA.33.200, CA.35.100, CA.38.100, CA.41.100, CA.45.120, CA.117.200, CA.423.140, CLP.40, CLP.1360, CLP.1400 R v Stolady (1859) 1 F & F 518 ....................................................................................................................... CA.327.180 R v Stolpe (unreported, NSWCCA, 30 October 1996) ...... CA.192F.180, CA.192G.120, CA.192G.140, CA.178BB.120 R v Stone (1858) 1 Fos & Fin 311 .................................................................................................................... CA.179.300 R v Stone (1911) 6 Cr App R 89 ...................................................................................................................... CA.78A.100 R v Stone (1965) 84 WN ....................................................................................................................................... CA.23.60 R v Stone [1977] QB 354; [1977] 2 WLR 169; (1977) 64 Cr App R 186 ............... CA.19A.180, CA.24.220, CA.44.80 R v Stone [1981] VR 737 .............................................................................................................. CA.316.80, CA.347.100 R v Stone (1995) 84 A Crim R 218 ..................................................................................................................... SPA.44.20 R v Stone (1995) 85 A Crim R 436 ..................................................................................................................... SPA.44.20 R v Stone (2005) 64 NSWLR 413; (2005) 157 A Crim R 41; [2005] NSWCCA 344 ................................. CPA.156.220 R v Stones (1955) 56 SR (NSW) 25; 72 WN (NSW) 465 ................... CA.4A.40, CA.19A.520, CA.428I.60, CA.5.160, CLP.1180 R v Stones (1955) 56 SR (NSW) 25; 72 WN 465 ............................................................................................... CA.4A.40 R v Stopford (1870) 11 Cox CC 643 .................................................................................................................. CA.33.120 R v Storey (1978) 140 CLR 364; 52 ALJR 737 .................................................. CPA.19.160, CPA.156.40, CPA.156.200 R v Storey (1985) 19 A Crim R 275 .............................................................................. CA.5.140, CA.5.200, CPA.162.40 R v Storn (1865) 5 SCR (NSW) 26 ..................................................................................................................... CA.112.80 R v Story (1805) Russell & Ryan 81 ................................................................................................................ CA.179.200 R v Stoupas [1998] 3 VR 645; (1997) 94 A Crim R 525 ...................................... CA.Pt3.Div10.320, CA.Pt3.Div10.380 R v Strahan, Paul and Bates (1855) 7 Cox CC 85 ........................................................................................... CPA.154.40 R v Strang (unreported, CCA (NSW), 10 December 1990) ............................................................................. CA.423.140 R v Street (1888) 3 QLJ 88 ................................................................................................................................... CLP.1520 R v Street [1960] VR 669 ............................................................................................................................... CA.178C.140 R v Stringer [1933] 1 KB 704; (1933) 24 Cr App R 30 ...................................................................................... CA.24.40 R v Stringer (2000) 116 A Crim R 198; [2000] NSWCCA 293 ........ CA.61L.100, CA.61N.80, CPA.19.180, CPA.21.20 R v Stuart [1894] 1 QB 310 ................................................................................................................................. CA.155.40 R v Stuart [1973] Qd R 460 ................................................................................................................................. CPA.34.20 R v Stuart (1990) 47 A Crim R 293 ................................................................................................................. CA.310D.80 R v Studer (1915) 11 Cr App R 307 ..................................................................................................................... CA.99.60 R v Subramaniam [2002] NSWCCA 372 .......................................................................................................... CPA.19.160 R v Sugar [1914] 3 KB 1112 ............................................................................................................................. CA.179.200 R v Sugarman (1935) 25 Cr App R 109 .............................................................................................................. CPA.36.20 R v Sullivan (1841) Car & M 209; 174 ER 475 ................................................................................................ CA.46.100 R v Sullivan [1971] 1 QB 253 ........................................................................................................................... CPA.150.20 R v Sullivan (1981) 6 A Crim R 259 ......................................................................... CA.428I.40, CA.34.20, CPA.162.20 R v Sullivan [1984] 1 AC 156; [1983] 3 WLR 123; [1983] 2 All ER 673 ...... CLP.260, CLP.280, CLP.1080, CLP.1120 R v Sultana (1994) 74 A Crim R 27 ..................................................................................... DMTA.25.200, LEPRA.14.20 R v Summers (1972) 56 Cr App R 604 ............................................................................................................ CA.93C.100 R v Summers (1986) 22 A Crim R 47 ........................................................................ CA.428I.40, CA.428I.60, CLP.1180 R v Summerskill (1918) 13 Cr App R 170 ................................................................................. CA.179.260, CA.179.300 R v Sumner [1935] VLR 197 ............................................................................................................................. CA.327.200 R v Sunda Khan (1901) 18 WN (NSW) 29 ...................................................................................................... CA.327.200 R v Supple (1870) 1 VR (L) 151 ............................................................................. CA.19A.140, CA.19A.520, CLP.1400 R v Surridge (1942) 42 SR (NSW) 278; 59 WN (NSW) 221 ...................................................... CA.345.80, CA.345.100 R v Susak [1999] NTSC 61; 105 A Crim R 592 .................................................................... CA.344A.60, CA.344A.120 R v Suter and Coulson (1867) 17 LT 177 ......................................................................................................... CA.179.200 R v Sutton (1877) 13 Cox CC 648 ...................................................................................................................... CA.97.120 R v Sutton [1966] 1 WLR 236; 1 All ER 571 .................................................................................................. CA.117.160 R v Sutton (2004) 41 MVR 40; [2004] NSWCCA 225 ...................................................................................... SPA.22.20 R v Sutton (No 2) (1983) 32 SASR 553; 8 A Crim R 276 .................................................................................... CLP.580

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Sweet [1972] QWN 28 ..................................................................................................................................... CLP.120 Swift (1877) Knox 325 ............................................................................................................................... CA.327.160 Swift (unreported, CCA (NSW), 11 April 1991) ................................................................. CA.52A.240, SPA.10.100 Swindall 175 ER 95; (1846) 2 Car & K 230 ...................................................................... CA.19A.160, CA.345.100 Swingler [1996] 1 VR 257; 80 A Crim R 471 ..................................................................... CPA.19.160, CPA.113.40 Sydenham (1863) 2 W & W (L) 16 ............................................................................................................. CA.157.60 Symondson (1896) 60 JP 645 ......................................................................................................................... CA.18.20 Szabo [2001] 2 Qd R 214; (2000) 112 A Crim R 215 ................................................................................ CPA.36.20 T (1985) 38 SASR 428 ................................................................................................................................. CPA.21.20 T (1990) 47 A Crim R 29 .................................................................................................... CA.66A.120, CA.78A.160 T [1997] 1 Qd R 623; (1996) 91 A Crim R 152 ........................................................................ CA.19A.500, CLP.80 TA (2003) 57 NSWLR 444; 139 A Crim R 30; [2003] NSWCCA 191 ............................. CA.38.120, CA.61HA.80 TAB [2002] NSWCCA 274 ............................................................................................................................ CLP.1900 TJ (2009) 76 NSWLR 167; 197 A Crim R 508 .............. CA.Pt3.Div10.300, CA.Pt3.Div10.620, CA.Pt3.Div10.660 TJF (2001) 120 A Crim R 209; [2001] NSWCCA 127 ............................................................................. CPA.21.400 TJK (unreported CCA NSW 6 Oct 1992) ........................................................................................ CA.Pt3.Div10.500 Taber (2002) 56 NSWLR 443; (2002) 136 A Crim R 478; [2002] NSWSC 1239 ............. CA.19A.180, CA.195.80 Tacey (1821) Russ & Ry 452; 168 ER 893 ............................................................................................... CA.195.100 Taffs [1991] 1 NZLR 69 ............................................................................................................................. CA.319.140 Tahau [1975] 1 NSWLR 479 .......................................................................................................................... CA.4.120 Taib [1999] 2 Qd R 649; (1998) 105 A Crim R 10 ...................................................................................... CLP.1480 Tait [1973] VR 151 .................................................................................................................... CA.19A.140, CLP.160 Tait (1979) 46 FLR 386 .............................................................................................................................. CPA.156.20 Tait [1990] 1 QB 290; [1989] 3 WLR 891; [1990] 3 All ER 682 ................................................................ CA.26.40 Taktak (1988) 14 NSWLR 226; 34 A Crim R 334 ...................... CA.19A.180, CA.24.120, CA.24.180, CA.24.200, CA.24.220, CA.24.240, CA.44.80 Talia [1996] 1 VR 462; 82 A Crim R 373 ................................................................................................. CPA.154.20 Tamcelik; Ex parte Ozcan [1998] 1 Qd R 330 ................................................ CA.39.100, CA.196.120, CA.199.120 Tandy [1989] 1 WLR 350; [1989] 1 All ER 267 ........................................................................................ CA.23A.60 Tang (2000) 113 A Crim R 393 ...................................................................................................................... CA.7.140 Tangye (1997) 92 A Crim R 545 ................................................................... CA.19A.200, CA.345.160, CPA.159.20 Tankard [1894] 1 QB 548 ......................................................................................................... CA.157.60, CA.162.40 Tannous (1987) 10 NSWLR 303; 32 A Crim R 301 ......................................................................................... CLP.80 Taouk [1982] 2 NSWLR 974; 8 A Crim R 349 ..................................................................................... DMTA.23.180 Taouk (1992) 65 A Crim R 387 ........................................................................................... CA.66B.140, CA.319.160 Taouk (2005) 154 A Crim R 69 .................................................................................................................. CPA.281.20 Tasker (No 2) [2015] NSWSC 467 .............................................................................................................. BA.16A.40 Taufahema (2007) 228 CLR 232; (2007) 168 A Crim R 95; [2007] HCA 11 ........................................ CA.19A.200 Tawill [1974] VR 84; (1973) 22 FLR 284 ............................................................................... CA.43.80, CA.316.200 Taylor (1803) 2 Leach 974 ............................................................................................................................ CA.157.60 Taylor (1820) Russ & Ry 418; 168 ER 875 ................................................................................................ CA.148.80 Taylor (1843) 1 Car & Kir 213 .................................................................................................................... CA.250.40 Taylor (1859) 1 F & F 511 ............................................................................................................................. CA.99.60 Taylor (1870) 1 VR (L) 84 ...................................................................................................... CA.172.40, CA.172.100 Taylor (1875) LR 2 CCR 147 ....................................................................................................................... CA.346.80 Taylor (1883) 15 Cox CC 268 .................................................................................................................... CA.179.200 Taylor (1904) 21 WN (NSW) 43 ................................................................................................................ CA.131.120 Taylor [1911] 1 KB 674; (1911) 6 Cr App R 12 ........ CA.94.300, CA.94.380, CA.95.100, CA.97.220, CA.98.220, CA.117.140 Taylor (1952) 69 WN (NSW) 81 ............................................................ CA.9.60, CA.10.40, CA.33.180, CA.425.20 Taylor [1968] NZLR 981 ............................................................................................................................ CPA.150.20 Taylor [1969] Tas SR 1 ................................................................................................................................ CA.22A.40 Taylor [1973] AC 964 ...................................................................................... CA.93C.80, CA.93C.100, CA.93C.140 Taylor (1983) 9 A Crim R 358 .......................................................... CA.24.220, CA.24.240, CA.44.100, CA.54.100

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Taylor [1992] 1 All ER 299 .......................................................................................................................... CA.61.100 Taylor [2000] NSWCCA 442 ........................................................................................................................ CA.94.360 Taylor (2002) 129 A Crim R 146 ................................................................................................................. CA.423.40 Teague (1802) 2 East PC 979 ....................................................................................................................... CA.250.40 Telford Justices; Ex parte Badhan [1991] 2 All ER 854 ........................................................................... CPA.19.100 Templeton [1956] VLR 709 ..................................................................................................... CA.310D.60, CLP.1460 Teng and Sing (1987) 30 A Crim R 203 ...................................................................................................... CPA.30.20 Teremoana (1990) 54 SASR 30; (1990) 49 A Crim R 207 ....................................................................... CA.198.100 Terry [1955] VLR 114 ................................................................................................................................... CA.61.320 Terry [1961] 2 QB 314; (1961) 45 Cr App R 180 ...................................................................................... CA.23A.60 Terry [1964] VR 248 ....................................................................................................................................... CA.23.80 Tevendale [1955] VLR 95 ........................................................................................................................... CA.347.100 Thallman 169 ER 1416; (1863) Le & Ca 326; 9 Cox CC 388 ....................................................................... CA.8.20 Thatcher (1985) 37 SASR 597 ...................................................................................................................... CPA.19.40 Thatcher [1987] 1 SCR 652; (1987) 39 DLR (4th) 275 ........................................................................... CA.19A.160 The County Court Judge [1905] 2 IR 510 ............................................................................................... CPA.156.140 Theodoulou [1963] Crim LR 573 ..................................................................................................................... CA.8.20 Thiele [1928] SASR 361 ........................................................................................................... CA.428I.60, CLP.1180 Thind [1999] Crim LR 842 ........................................................................... CA.93B.120, CA.93C.100, CA.93C.140 Thomas (1827) Car CL 295 .......................................................................................................................... CA.148.80 Thomas (1841) 9 Car & P 741 ................................................................................................................... CA.117.160 Thomas (1853) 6 Cox CC 403 ..................................................................................................................... CA.155.40 Thomas (1863) Leigh & Cave 313 ............................................................................................................. CA.117.260 Thomas (1931) 23 Cr App R 21 ............................................................................................ CA.178C.40, CA.179.80 Thomas [1950] 1 KB 26 .............................................................................. CPA.156.20, CPA.156.180, CPA.156.240 Thomas (1953) 37 Cr App R 169 ......................................................................................... CA.117.140, CA.117.400 Thomas [1957] 1 WLR 747; [1957] 2 All ER 181 ..................................................................................... SOA.15.40 Thomas [1964] VR 607 ............................................................................................................................. CPA.156.100 Thomas [1979] QB 326; [1979] 2 WLR 144; [1979] 1 All ER 577 ........................................................ CA.319.140 Thomas (1981) 6 A Crim R 66 ....................................................................................................................... CA.7.120 Thomas (1985) 81 Cr App R 331 ................................................................................................................. CA.61.120 Thomas [1985] QB 604; [1984] 3 WLR 321; 3 All ER 34 ............................................. CPA.156.160, CPA.156.220 Thomas (1992) 65 A Crim R 269 ................................................................................................................. CA.423.80 Thomas (1993) 67 A Crim R 308 ....................................................................................... DMTA.6.20, DMTA.24.80 Thomas [2007] NSWCCA 269 ..................................................................................................................... CA.96.100 Thomas (unreported, CCA (NSW), 28 May 1996) .................................................................................. DMTA.29.40 Thompson (1825) 1 Mood CC 78; 168 ER 1192 ............................................... CA.94.100, CA.94.300, CA.117.140 Thompson (1869) 21 LT 397 ...................................................................................................................... CA.114.100 Thompson (1910) 5 Cr App R 9 .............................................................................................................. CA.178C.140 Thompson [1914] 2 KB 99; (1913) 9 Cr App R 252 ............................................................. CA.78A.20, CA.117.20 Thompson [1918] AC 221(HL) ................................................................................................................... CPA.154.60 Thompson (1925) 25 SR (NSW) 250; 42 WN (NSW) 71 .......................................................................... CPA.21.20 Thompson (1947) 47 SR (NSW) 466; 64 WN (NSW) 151 ........................................................................ CA.117.20 Thompson [1976] 2 NSWLR 453 ............................................................................................................. CA.52AA.40 Thompson [1980] Crim LR 188 ............................................................................................................... CPA.154.120 Thompson [1984] 1 WLR 962 .............................................................................................................. CA.178BA.120 Thompson [1984] 1 WLR 962; [1984] 3 All ER 565; (1984) 79 Cr App R 191 .................................. CA.192E.120 Thompson (1988) 36 A Crim R 223 ..................................................................................... CA.19A.540, CA.23A.60 Thompson (1992) 58 A Crim R 451 ........................................................................................................... CPA.19.160 Thompson (1998) 104 A Crim R 510 ........................................................................................................... SPA.70.20 Thompson (unreported, CCA (NSW), 21 May 1986) ............................................................................... CA.310D.80 Thompson (unreported, CCA (NSW), 24 June 1976) .............................................................................. CPA.154.120 Thomson (1966) 50 Cr App R 1 ...................................................................................... CLP.720, CLP.740, CLP.760 Thomson (2000) 49 NSWLR 383; 115 A Crim R 104 ........................................................ CPA.154.300, SPA.22.20

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Thomson (2002) 134 A Crim R 252; [2002] NSWCCA 400 .................................................................... CPA.21.200 Thorland (1884) 5 LR (NSW) 412; 1 WN 78 ....................................................................... CA.179.200, CA.182.20 Thorne (1977) 66 Cr App R 6 .................................................................................................................... CPA.21.140 Thornley (1981) 72 Cr App R 302 .......................................................................................................... LEPRA.10.60 Thornton [1964] 2 QB 176; (1962) 47 Cr App R 1 .......................................................... CA.178C.100, CA.185.100 Thornton (No 2) [1996] 1 WLR 1174; [1996] 2 All ER 1023; [1996] 2 Cr App R 108 .......................... CA.23.180 Thorpe (1858) Dears & Bell 562 .................................................................................................................. CA.157.60 Thorpe [1972] 1 WLR 342; [1972] 1 All ER 929; (1972) 56 Cr App R 293 ......................................... CA.52A.200 Thorpe (No 2) [1999] 2 VR 719; [1999] VSCA 172 ......................... CA.23.60, CA.23.140, CA.23.160, CA.23.200 Threlfall (1914) 10 Cr App R 112 .............................................................................................................. CA.327.200 Thurborn (1849) 1 Denison 387; 2 Car & K 831 ................................................................ CA.117.320, CA.117.420 Thurston [2004] NSWCCA 98 .............................................................................................. CA.19A.80, CA.19A.540 Tideswell [1905] 2 KB 273 ............................................................................... CA.117.20, CA.117.160, CA.156.120 Tierney (1885) 1 WN (NSW) 114 ........................................................................ CA.33.180, CA.97.220, CA.98.220 Tikomaimaleya [2015] NSWCA 83 ............................................................................................................. BA.16A.40 Tikos (No 1) [1963] VR 285 ........................................................................................................................ CA.83.100 Tikos (No 1) [1963] VR 285 .......................................................................................................................... CLP.2260 Tillett; Ex parte Newton (1969) 14 FLR 101 ..................................... LEPRA.48.120, LEPRA.76.40, LEPRA.99.80 Tillott (1991) 53 A Crim R 46 ............................................................................... CA.19A.540, CA.115.20, CLP.580 Tillott (1995) 83 A Crim R 151 .................................................................................................................. CA.345.160 Timmins [1913] QWN 44 ........................................................................................................................... CA.546C.60 Timperon (No 2) (1976) 15 SASR 1 ............................................................................................................ CA.181.40 Tindall (1994) 74 A Crim R 275 .................................................................................................................. CA.432.20 Tindall (2002) 133 A Crim R 119; [2002] NSWCCA 364 ........................................................................... SPA.11.20 Tindall & Gunton (unreported, CCA (NSW), 19 July 1994) ...................................................................... CPA.19.40 Tite (1861) Le & Ca 29 ................................................................................................................................ CA.155.40 Titley (1880) 14 Cox CC 502 ......................................................................................................................... CA.84.80 Tobin [1978] 1 NZLR 423 .............................................................................................................................. CLP.1100 Todd [1957] SASR 305 ............................................................................................................................... CA.319.140 Todd [1976] Qd R 21; (1977) 6 A Crim R 105 ............................................................................................. CA.7.120 Todd and Trussler (1844) 2 LTOS 378 ......................................................................................................... CA.250.60 Toksoz [2015] NSWSC 1234 ....................................................................................................................... BA.16A.40 Tolmie (1995) 37 NSWLR 660; 84 A Crim R 293 ........................................... CA.4A.40, CA.61HA.100, CLP.1300 Tolmie (unreported, CCA (NSW), 7 December 1994) ................................... CPA.19.140, CPA.19.160, CPA.19.180 Tolson (1889) 23 QBD 168 ........................................................................................ CLP.1040, CLP.1260, CLP.1300 Tomes [1917] VLR 78 .................................................................................................................................. CA.66A.80 Tomlin [1954] 2 QB 274; (1954) 38 Cr App R 82 .................................................................. CA.161.20, CA.161.40 Tomlinson [1895] 1 QB 706 ........................................................................................................................... CA.99.60 Toney [1993] 1 WLR 364; [1993] 2 All ER 409; (1993) 97 Cr App R 176 ........................................... CA.319.140 Tonkin [1975] Qd R 1 ................................................................................................................................. CA.345.100 Tonks [1963] VR 121 ................................................................................ CPA.154.100, CPA.154.160, CPA.156.220 Toohey (1973–76) 3 Petty Sessions Review 1337 ............................................... CA.86.160, CA.86.220, CA.86.240 Torr [1966] 1 WLR 52; [1966] 1 All ER 178; (1965) 50 Cr App R 73 .................................................. CA.178C.60 Tortell [2007] NSWCCA 313 ........................................................................................................................ CA.95.120 Tortomano [1981] VR 31 .............................................................................................................................. CPA.66.40 Toshack (1849) 1 Den 492 ............................................................................................................................ CA.250.60 Tout (1987) 11 NSWLR 251; (1987) 32 A Crim R 358 ..................................................... CA.61J.140, CA.61K.100 Towers (1874) 12 Cox CC 530 .................................................................................................................. CA.19A.320 Towle (1816) Russ & Ry 314 ....................................................................................................................... CA.345.80 Towle (1954) 72 WN (NSW) 338 .............................................................................................................. CPA.21.340 Townley (1871) LR 1 CCR 315 ............................................................................................ CA.117.260, CA.117.280 Townley (1986) 24 A Crim R 76 ................................................................................................................ CA.327.200 Townsend (1841) Carrington & Marshman 178 ............................................................................................ CLP.1460 Townsend (1874) 8 SALR 72 .................................................................................................................... CA.19A.100

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Townshend (1884) 15 Cox CC 466 ................................................................................................................ CA.4.240 Traino (1987) 45 SASR 473; 27 A Crim R 271 ................ CA.192G.120, CA.178BB.200, CA.327.40, CA.327.160 Trainor [2003] VSCA 200 ................................................................................................................ CA.Pt3.Div10.180 Tralka [1965] Qd R 225 .................................................................................................................................... CLP.120 Tranby (1991) 52 A Crim R 228 .................................................................................................................... CA.4.160 Treadgold (1878) 14 Cox CC 220 ................................................................................................................ CA.157.60 Trebilcock (1858) Dearsly & Bell 453 ......................................................................................................... CA.118.20 Treble (1810) 2 Taunt 328 ............................................................................................................................ CA.250.40 Treeve (1796) 2 East PC 821 .......................................................................................................................... CA.44.80 Trim [1943] VLR 109 ................................................................................................................................... CA.83.100 Trimarchi (1932) 32 SR (NSW) 451; 49 WN (NSW) 157 ................................................ CA.19A.120, CA.19A.600 Trindall [2005] NSWCCA 446 ..................................................................................................................... CA.94.360 Tripodi [1961] VR 186 ..................................................................................................................................... CLP.580 Tripodina (1988) 35 A Crim R 183 .............................................................................................................. CPA.36.20 Trotter (1982) 7 A Crim R 8 ......................................................................................................................... CPA.21.20 Trotter (1993) 35 NSWLR 428; 68 A Crim R 536 ................................................................... CA.23A.60, CLP.1140 Trotter [1999] NSWCCA 90 ................................................................................................... CA.7.140, DMTA.29.40 Trudgeon (1988) 39 A Crim R 252 .................................................... CLP.660, CLP.740, DMTA.3.80, DMTA.26.60 True (1922) 16 Cr App R 164 ........................................................................................................................ CLP.1120 Trusty (1783) 1 East PC 418 ........................................................................................................................ CA.94.240 Tsigos [1964–5] NSWR 1607 .... CLP.240, CLP.260, CLP.280, CLP.320, CLP.340, CLP.1120, CLP.1140, CLP.1160 Tucker (1824) 3 B & C 544; 107 ER 835 ................................................................................................. CPA.156.40 Tucker (1826) 1 Moody 134; 168 ER 1214 ................................................................................................. CA.31.100 Tucker (1844) 1 Cox CC 73 ......................................................................................................................... CA.112.80 Tucker (1984) 36 SASR 135; 13 A Crim R 447 ................................................ CA.428I.60, CA.94.160, CA.94.240 Tucker (unreported, CCA (NSW), 8 November 1991) ............................................................................ DMTA.29.40 Tuegel [2000] 2 All ER 872; [2000] 2 Cr App R 361 .................................................................................. CLP.1860 Tumanako (1992) 64 A Crim R 149 ...................................................... CA.23A.60, CA.23.60, CA.23.80, CLP.1140 Turnbull (1943) 44 SR (NSW) 108; 61 WN (NSW) 70 ......... CLP.40, CLP.1260, CLP.1280, CLP.1340, CLP.1380, CLP.1480 Turnbull [1977] QB 224; [1976] 3 WLR 445; [1976] 3 All ER 549 .............................. CPA.150.120, CPA.150.180 Turner (1832) 1 Mood 347 ......................................................................................................................... CA.188.100 Turner (1839) 8 Car & P 755 ......................................................................................................................... CA.85.20 Turner (1849) 3 Cox CC 304 ........................................................................................................................ CA.97.120 Turner (1870) 11 Cox CC 551 ...................................................................................................................... CA.155.40 Turner (1917) 34 WN (NSW) 106 .............................................................................................................. CA.117.460 Turner [1962] VR 30 ..................................................................................................................................... CA.24.120 Turner [1980] 1 NSWLR 19 ..................................................................................................................... CPA.156.140 Turner (2000) 76 SASR 163; 113 A Crim R 160; [2000] SASC 27 .............................................................. CLP.580 Turrall [1968] NZLR 312 .......................................................................................................................... CPA.154.200 Turvey [1946] 2 All ER 60 ......................................................................................................................... CA.117.340 Tuttle (1929) 45 TLR 357; 21 Cr App R 85 ................................................................................................ CA.136.40 Tween [1965] VR 687 .................................................................................................................. CA.545D.80, CLP.80 Twiss [1918] 2 KB 853; (1919) 13 Cr App R 177 ...................................................................................... CA.83.120 Twist [1954] VLR 121 .............................................................................................................................. CPA.150.140 Twose (1879) 14 Cox CC 327 .................................................................................................. CA.117.200, CLP.1480 Tyler (1835) 1 Moody Cr C 428; 168 ER 1330 .......................................................................................... CA.31.100 Tyler (1838) 173 ER 643; (1838) 8 Car & P 616 ....................................................................................... CA.345.80 Tyler (1993) 96 Cr App R 332 ..................................................................................................................... CA.93B.60 Tyree (1869) LR 1 CCR 177 ........................................................................................................................ CA.155.40 Tyrone County Justices (1905) 40 Ir LT 181 ............................................................................................. CPA.156.40 Tyrrell [1894] 1 QB 710 ............................................................................................................... CA.345.80, CLP.560 Tyson (1867) LR 1 CCR 107 ...................................................................................................................... CA.327.160 Udechuku (1981) 3 A Crim R 343 ........................................................................................................... CPA.156.140

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Udod [1951] SASR 176 ................................................................................................................................ CA.576.20 Uhrig (unreported, CCA (NSW), 24 October 1996) ............................................................ CPA.293.40, CPA.293.60 Ulman-Naruniec (2003) 143 A Crim R 531 ............................................................................................... CPA.19.180 Umanski [1961] VR 242 ............................................................................................................................ CA.78A.100 VCH (unreported, CCA (NSW), 11 September 1992) ............................................................................... CPA.293.40 VHP (unreported, CCA (NSW), 7 July 1997) ........................................................................ CPA.21.20, CPA.150.40 VPH (unreported, CCA (NSW), 4 March 1994) ........................................................................................ CPA.19.180 Vaitos (1981) 4 A Crim R 238 .................................................................................................................... CPA.21.180 Valence (1958) 59 SR (NSW) 138; (1958) 76 WN (NSW) 137 .......................................... CA.61L.80, CA.61L.100 Valentine (1871) 10 SCR (NSW) 113 .............................................................................................................. CLP.180 Valentini (1989) 46 A Crim R 23 ................................................................................................................. CA.94.180 Vallett [1951] 1 All ER 231; (1950) 34 Cr App R 251 ............................................................................... SPA.10.80 Vamplew (1862) 3 Fos & Fin 520; 176 ER 234 ............................................................................................. CLP.560 Van (2002) 129 A Crim R 229 .................................................................................................................. CPA.154.220 Van Bao Nguyen (2002) 130 A Crim R 447; [2002] NTSC 38 ........................................................... LEPRA.99.180 Van Bay Che (1988) 50 SASR 1 ................................................................................................................ CPA.19.160 Van Beelen (1973) 4 SASR 353 ....................................................................................................................... CLP.580 Van Den Bemd (1994) 179 CLR 137; 70 A Crim R 494 ................................... CA.19A.360, CLP.120, CPA.156.40 Van Jager (1992) 59 A Crim R 124 .......................................................................................................... CA.61HA.80 Van Nam Nguyen [2002] NSWCCA 183 ................................................................................................... SPA.10.100 Van Thanh Huynh (unreported, CCA (NSW), 13 May 1996) ............................................................... DMTA.25.200 Vanderstein, Harris and Somerville (1865) 10 Cox CC 177 ....................................................................... CA.345.80 Vandine [1970] 1 NSWR 252 ..................................................................................................................... CA.345.100 Vanecek (1954) 72 WN (NSW) 72 ................................................................................................................... CA.3.20 Varley [1973] 2 NSWLR 427 .................................................................................................................... CA.19A.100 Varley [1982] 2 All ER 519 ........................................................................................................................ CPA.21.120 Vaughan (1997) 98 A Crim R 239 .................................................................................................................. CA.7.140 Velardi (unreported, CCA (NSW), 24 May 1996) ................................................................................... DMTA.25.80 Venables (1908) 8 SR (NSW) 612; 25 WN 190 .................................................................. CA.117.420, CA.126.200 Venna [1976] QB 421 ................................................................................................................................... CA.61.140 Verelst (1813) 3 Campbell 432 ....................................................................................................................... CLP.1460 Verma (1987) 30 A Crim R 441 .......................... CPA.21.220, CPA.21.300, CPA.21.360, CPA.21.380, CPA.21.400 Vernell [1953] VLR 590 ................................................................................................................................ CPA.34.20 Vibert [1985] 1 NSWLR 518 ..................................................................................................................... CA.185A.60 Vickers [1957] 2 QB 664; [1957] 3 WLR 326; [1957] 2 All ER 741 .............. CA.19A.140, CA.19A.520, CLP.160 Villa [2005] NSWCCA 4 ............................................................................................................................. CPA.281.20 Villar [2004] NSWCCA 302 ................................................................................................... CA.86.180, CPA.293.40 Villensky [1892] 2 QB 597 ......................................................................................................................... CA.188.160 Vincent (1839) 9 Car & P 91 ..................................................................................................................... CA.545C.60 Vinh Ngoc Phan (2001) 53 NSWLR 480; (2001) 123 A Crim R 30; [2001] NSWCCA 29 ................... CPA.160.20 Viola [1982] 3 All ER 73 ............................................................................................................................ CPA.293.40 Visser (unreported, CCA (NSW), 29 July 1994) ...................................................................................... CPA.150.120 Vreones [1891] 1 QB 360 ................................................................................. CA.319.80, CA.319.120, CA.319.140 Vuckov (1986) 40 SASR 498; 22 A Crim R 10 ........................................................................................ CPA.19.160 W (1993) 32 NSWLR 348; (1993) 70 A Crim R 517 .................................................................................. CLP.1320 W (1993) 32 NSWLR 348; 70 A Crim R 517 ....................................................................................... DMTA.23.160 W [1998] 2 Qd R 531; (1997) 101 A Crim R 453 .................................................................................... CPA.159.20 WRC (2003) 59 NSWLR 273; 143 A Crim R 503; [2003] NSWCCA 394 ....................... CPA.19.140, CPA.19.160 Wade (1844) 1 Car & Kir 739 .................................................................................................................... CA.188.160 Wade (1869) 11 Cox CC 549 ...................................................................................................................... CA.117.200 Waganeen (1989) 38 A Crim R 187 ........................................................................................................... CA.117.440 Wagner (No 2) (1993) 68 A Crim R 81 ..................................................................................................... CPA.19.180 Waite [1892] 2 QB 600 ........................................................................................................... CA.61I.60, CA.78A.140 Wakeman (1912) 8 Cr App R 18 ................................................................................................................ CA.125.100

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Wald (1971) 3 DCR (NSW) 25 .................................................................................................................... CA.83.100 Walden (1986) 19 A Crim R 444 .............................................................................................. CA.423.40, CA.423.60 Walden (1986) 41 SASR 421; 23 A Crim R 242 ....................................................................................... CPA.19.160 Walkden (1845) 1 Cox CC 282 .................................................................................................................... CA.61.120 Walker (1843) 2 M & Rob 446; 174 ER 345 ........................................... CPA.156.100, CPA.156.180, CPA.156.220 Walker (1858) 8 Cox CC 1 ........................................................................................................................... CA.155.40 Walker (1934) 24 Cr App R 117 ................................................................................................................ CA.179.220 Walker (1978) 19 SASR 532 ........................................................................................................................ CA.112.80 Walker (1994) 35 NSWLR 384; (1994) 77 A Crim R 236 ........................................................................... CLP.1360 Walkington [1979] 1 WLR 1169; [1979] 2 ER 716; (1979) 68 Cr App R 427 ......................................... CA.112.80 Walkley (1829) 4 Car & P 132 ................................................................................................................... CA.188.160 Wall (1800) 2 East PC 953 ........................................................................................................................... CA.250.40 Wall (1907) 21 Cox CC 401 ...................................................................................................................... CA.545B.40 Wall (1932) 49 WN (NSW) 41 ......................................................................... CA.120.120, CA.120.140, CA.125.60 Wallace [1978] 7 A Crim R 317 .................................................................................................................. CA.23A.60 Waller (1865) 10 Cox CC 360 .................................................................................................................... CA.117.360 Walls (1845) 2 Car & K 214; 175 ER 89 .................................................................................................... CA.94.140 Walne (1870) 11 Cox CC 647 ............................................................................................... CA.179.200, CA.179.240 Walsh (1824) 1 Mood CC 14; 168 ER 1166 .......................................................................... CA.94.300, CA.117.140 Walsh (1990) 52 A Crim R 80 .......... CA.192E.200, CA.192F.180, CA.192G.140, CA.178BA.160, CA.178BB.140 Walters (1992) 62 A Crim R 16 .................................................................................................................... CA.121.40 Waltham (1849) 3 Cox CC 442 ...................................................................................................................... CA.27.80 Walton (1999) 113 A Crim R 308; [1999] NSWCCA 452 .................................................... CPA.36.20, CPA.160.20 Walton & Ogden (1863) 9 Cox CC 268 ........................................................................................................ CA.99.60 Wampfler (1987) 11 NSWLR 541; 34 A Crim R 218 ................................................................................... CLP.1360 Wan (2003) 140 A Crim R 513; [2003] NSWCCA 225 ............................................................................ DMTA.7.60 Wannan (2006) 161 A Crim R 465 .................................................................................................. CA.Pt3.Div10.460 Ward (1872) LR 1 CCR 356 ......................................................................................................................... CA.35.100 Ward [1915] 3 KB 696; (1915) 11 Cr App R 245 ..................................................................................... CA.114.140 Ward (1928) 20 Cr App R 167 ..................................................................................................................... CA.125.60 Ward (1938) 38 SR (NSW) 308; 55 WN 80 ....... CA.178A.200, CA.117.80, CA.117.260, CA.117.340, CA.125.60, CA.125.100, CA.179.280, CA.180.20, CA.183.40 Ward (1981) 3 A Crim R 171 ...................................................................................................................... CA.23A.60 Ward (1996) 88 A Crim R 159 ......................................................................................................................... CLP.800 Ward (2000) 118 A Crim R 78 .......................................................................................... CPA.150.120, CPA.150.220 Ward & Hollister [1995] Crim LR 398 ...................................................................................................... CA.319.140 Ward 93 ER 824; (1726) 2 Str 747 .......................................................................................... CA.250.40, CA.250.60 Wardrope (1987) 29 A Crim R 198 .............................................................................................. CA.23.60, CLP.2260 Warner (1991) 25 NSWLR 382; (1991) 58 A Crim R 54 ..................................................... CA.52BA.40, CLP.1300 Warner [1996] 1 Qd R 573; (1995) 78 A Crim R 383 .................................................................... CA.Pt3.Div10.500 Warren (1861) 22nd March 1861. Argus ........................................................................................................ CA.4.260 Warren (1985) 15 A Crim R 317 .................................................................................................................. CA.33.120 Warren (1996) 88 A Crim R 78 ...................................................................................................................... CLP.2540 Warry [1959] Qd R 486 .............................................................................................................................. CPA.21.160 Waskin (2003) 141 A Crim R 1 .................................................................................................................... CA.323.20 Waterfield [1964] 1 QB 164; [1963] 3 WLR 946; (1963) 48 Cr App R 42 .... CA.546C.60, CA.58.140, CA.60.120 Waterhouse (1911) 28 WN (NSW) 61 ........................................................................................................ CA.117.260 Waterhouse (1992) 62 A Crim R 59 ....................................................................................... CPA.17.20, CPA.19.180 Waters (1848) 1 Den 356; 169 ER 278 ............................................................ CA.19A.320, CA.43A.120, CA.44.80 Watson (1794) 2 Leach 640; 168 ER 422 .................................................................................................... CA.148.80 Watson [1916] 2 KB 385; (1916) 12 Cr App R 62 ................................................................................... CA.188.160 Watson (1986) 22 A Crim R 308 .................................................................................................................. CA.61.320 Watson [1989] 1 WLR 684; [1989] 2 All ER 865; (1989) 89 Cr App R 211 .................. CA.19A.320, CA.19A.360 Watt (1905) 20 Cox CC 852 ......................................................................................................................... CA.333.20

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TABLE OF CASES

R v Watt [1912] VLR 225 ...................................................................................................................................... CA.10.40 R v Watt (unreported NSWCCA 2 April 1997) .................................................................................................. CA.33.200 R v Watts (1980) 71 Cr App R 136 ................................................................................................................... CPA.150.60 R v Wauchope (1957) 2 FLR 191 .................................................................................................... CA.4.260, CA.117.260 R v Waudby [1895] 2 QB 482 ..................................................................................... CA.345.60, CA.346.80, CA.351.60 R v Waugh [1909] VLR 379 .......................................................................................................... CA.179.320, CA.180.20 R v Way [1981] 2 NSWLR 653; 3 A Crim R 465 .......................................................................................... CA.310D.60 R v Way (2004) 60 NSWLR 168; [2004] NSWCCA 131 .............................................................. CLP.2680, SPA.54B.20 R v Weatherstone (unreported, CCA (NSW), 20 August 1987) ....................................................................... CA.117.220 R v Weaver (1873) LR 2 CCR 85; 12 Cox CC 527 ...................................................................... CA.66A.80, CA.43.120 R v Weaver (1931) 45 CLR 321; [1931] HCA 23 ............................ CLP.680, CPA.156.40, CPA.156.140, CPA.156.220 R v Webb (1835) 1 Moody 431 ......................................................................................................................... CA.117.320 R v Webb [1964] 1 QB 357; (1963) 47 Cr App R 265 ................................................................. CA.91A.40, SOA.15.40 R v Webb (1977) 16 SASR 309 .......................................................................................................................... CA.23.220 R v Webb [1986] 2 Qd R 446; (1986) 3 MVR 302 ........................................................................................ CA.52A.200 (1992) 59 SASR 563 ............................................................................................................................................ CPA.30.20 R v Webb (1992) 64 A Crim R 38 ................................................. CPA.30.20, CPA.154.200, CPA.154.240, CPA.160.20 R v Webb 174 ER 140; (1834) 1 Mood & R 405 ........................................................................................... CA.19A.380 R v Webb; Ex parte A-G [1990] 2 Qd R 275; 47 A Crim R 97 .............................................................................. CLP.80 R v Webbe [1926] SASR 108 .............................................................................................................................. CA.346.80 R v Webber [1921] St R Qd 8 .......................................................................................................................... CA.78A.100 R v Webber (1988) 15 NSWLR 49; 38 A Crim R 210 .................................................................................... CA.158.100 R v Webster (1861) Le & Ca 77 .......................................................................................................................... CA.162.40 R v Webster [1995] 2 All ER 168; [1995] 1 Cr App R 495 ............................................................................ CA.196.120 R v Weeding [1959] VR 298 ............................................................................................................ CA.4.160, CPA.19.160 R v Weeks (1866) 10 Cox CC 224 .................................................................................................................... CA.125.100 R v Weeks (1993) 66 A Crim R 466 ..................................................................................................................... CLP.1040 R v Wegener [1999] NSWCCA 405 ....................................................................................................................... SPA.6.20 R v Weise [1969] VR 953 ...................................................................................................................................... CLP.1160 R v Welch (1851) 2 Den 78 ................................................................................................................................. CA.250.80 R v Welker [1962] VR 244 ............................................................................................................................. CA.344A.140 R v Wellard (1884) 14 QBD 63 ........................................................................................................... CA.8.20, CA.576.20 R v Wellard [1978] 1 WLR 921; [1978] 3 All ER 161; (1978) 67 Cr App R 364 ....................... CA.86.100, CA.86.240 R v Wells (1880) QCR 112; 5 QSCR 181 ............................................................................................................ CA.96.80 R v Wells (1981) 28 SASR 63; 3 A Crim R 453 .............................................................................. CA.27.120, CA.33.40 R v Welman (1853) Dearsly 188 ....................................................................................................................... CA.179.280 R v Welsh (1869) 11 Cox CC 336 ....................................................................................................................... CA.23.140 R v Wenmouth (1860) 8 Cox CC 348 ................................................................................................................. CA.112.80 R v West (1858) Dearsly & Bell 575 ................................................................................................................ CA.179.200 R v West (1880) 1 LR (NSW) 329 .................................................................................................................... CA.131.120 R v West [1964] 1 QB 15; [1962] 3 WLR 218; 2 All ER 624 ...................................................................... CPA.156.140 R v West [1992] 1 Qd 227; (1990) 51 A Crim R 317 ........................................................................................ CPA.34.20 R v West 175 ER 329; (1848) 2 Car & K 784 ................................................................................................ CA.19A.100 R v Westerman (1991) 55 A Crim R 353 ...................................................................................... CPA.21.20, CPA.150.40 R v Westie (1971) 2 CCC (2d) 315 ..................................................................................................................... CA.60.120 R v Weston (1879) 14 Cox CC 346 ...................................................................................................................... CA.18.20 R v Wheatland (1838) 8 Car & P 238 ............................................................................................................... CA.327.200 R v Wheeldon (1839) 8 Car & P 747; 173 ER 700 ...................................................................... CA.109.140, CA.112.80 R v Wheeldon (No 1) (1978) 33 FLR 402; 18 ALR 619 ................................................................................... CA.442.20 R v Wheeler (1829) 3 Car & Payne 585; 172 ER 556 ......................................................................................... CA.4.220 R v Wheeler (1844) 1 Cox CC 106 ..................................................................................................................... CA.33.120 R v Wheeler [1917] 1 KB 283; (1916) 12 Cr App R 159 ................................................................................ CA.327.160 R v Whelan [1921] 1 IR 310 ................................................................................................................................. CLP.1460 R v Whelan [1937] SASR 237 .............................................................................................................................. CLP.1220

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Whitbread (1995) 78 A Crim R 452 ................................................................................................................ CLP.320 Whitby (1957) 74 WN (NSW) 441 ........................................................................................................... CA.52A.180 White (1839) 8 Car & P 742 ........................................................................................................................ CA.157.60 White (1840) 9 Car & P 344 ................................................................................................. CA.117.160, CA.156.120 White (1853) Dearsly 203 ........................................................................................................................... CA.117.260 White (1859) 1 F & F 665 .......................................................................................................................... CA.188.180 White (1865-72) LR 1 CCR 311 .................................................................................................................. CA.44.120 White (1875) 13 SCR (NSW) 339 ............................................................................................................... CA.432.20 White (1904) 4 SR (NSW) 379; 21 WN 104 ......................................................... CA.4.100, CA.4.260, CA.134.120 White [1910] 2 KB 124; (1910) 4 Cr App R 257 .................... CA.19A.660, CA.344A.60, CA.344A.80, CA.30.80, CA.427.20 White (1912) 7 Cr App R 266 .............................................................................................. CA.117.260, CA.117.280 White (1951) 51 SR (NSW) 188; (1951) 68 WN (NSW) 195 ..................................................................... CLP.1300 White (1987) 9 NSWLR 427; 31 A Crim R 194 .......................................................................................... CLP.2820 White (1989) 17 NSWLR 195; (1989) 43 A Crim R 283 ........................................................................ CA.19A.500 White (1989) 18 NSWLR 332; 46 A Crim R 251 ............................................................... CPA.293.40, CPA.293.60 White (1989) 41 A Crim R 237 ........................................................................................... CA.19A.160, CPA.21.160 White [1999] 1 AC 210 .................................................................................................................... CA.Pt3.Div10.400 White and Richardson (1806) Russ & Ry 99 ............................................................................................. CA.345.100 Whitehead [1960] VR 12 ................................................................................................................................ CA.5.160 Whitehouse (1863) 2 SCR (NSW) 118 ............................................................ CA.546C.100, CA.58.200, CA.60.120 Whitehouse [1977] QB 868; [1977] 2 WLR 925; [1977] 3 All ER 737 .................................................... CA.45.120 Whitehouse [1977] QB 868; [1977] 3 All ER 737; (1977) 65 Cr App R 33 ................................................. CLP.960 Whiteley (1991) 93 Cr App R 25 ............................................................................................................... CA.195.100 Whiteman (1854) Dears 353; 169 ER 757 ................................................................................................... CA.140.40 Whitfield [2002] NSWCCA 501 ................................................................................................................ CA.19A.140 Whitmore (1999) 109 A Crim R 51 ................................................................................................. CA.Pt3.Div10.540 Whittaker (1993) 68 A Crim R 476 .......................................................................................... CA.24.120, CA.24.140 Whitworth [1989] 1 Qd R 437; (1987) 31 A Crim R 453 ....................................................... CA.23A.60, CLP.1040 Whybrow (1951) 35 Cr App R 141 ........................... CA.344A.60, CA.27.100, CA.28.100, CA.29.100, CA.30.100 Whyte (2002) 55 NSWLR 252; (2002) 134 A Crim R 53; [2002] NSWCCA 343 ................................ CA.52A.240 Wickham (1839) 10 Adolphus & Ellis 34 .................................................................................................. CA.179.280 Wicks (1809) Russ & Ry 149 ....................................................................................................................... CA.250.40 Wicks (1936) 25 Cr App R 168 ...................................................................................... CA.178BB.200, CA.179.260 Wilbourne (1917) 12 Cr App R 280 ................................................................................................ CA.Pt3.Div10.320 Wild (1837) 2 Lew 214 ................................................................................................................................... CA.18.20 Wiley (1850) 2 Den 37 ............................................................................................................................... CA.188.160 Wilford (1876) 14 SCR (NSW) 465 ............................................................................................................. CA.155.40 Wilhelm (2010) 200 A Crim R 413; [2010] NSWSC 334 ......................................... CA.38.80, CA.39.80, CA.41.80 Wilkes (1948) 77 CLR 511; [1948] HCA 22 ................................................ CPA.19.160, CPA.156.40, CPA.156.260 Wilkes [1965] VR 475 ............................................................................................................................... CA.61HA.40 Wilkins (1789) 1 Leach 520 ........................................................................................................................ CA.117.360 Wilkinson (1598) 1 Hale’s PC 508 ............................................................................................................. CA.117.140 Wilkinson (1985) 20 A Crim R 230 .......................................................................................................... CA.19A.160 Wilkinson [1999] NSWCCA 248 ................................................................................................................. CA.43A.80 Wilkinson [2004] NSWCCA 468 ................................................................................................................ SPA.54B.20 Wilks (1914) 10 Cr App R 16 ............................................................................................... CA.117.360, CA.179.280 Willersdorf [2001] QCA 183 ....................................................................................................................... CPA.162.60 Williams (1834) 6 Car & P 390 .............................................................................................. CA.117.360, CA.161.20 Williams (1836) 7 Car & P 354; 173 ER 132 ...................................................................... CA.117.200, CA.179.300 Williams (1844) 1 Carr & Kir 589 ............................................................................................................... CA.345.60 Williams (1871) 11 Cox CC 684 .................................................................................................................... CA.85.20 Williams (1878) 14 Cox CC 59 .................................................................................................................... CA.97.120 Williams (1899) 79 LT 739 ......................................................................................................................... CA.158.140

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TABLE OF CASES

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Williams [1908] QWN 33 ............................................................................................................................. CA.33.120 Williams (1910) 4 Cr App R 89 ................................................................................................................... CA.43.100 Williams (1916) 12 Cr App R 6 ................................................................................................................... CA.114.60 Williams [1923] 1 KB 340; (1924) 17 Cr App R 56 ........................................................... CA.61.160, CA.61HA.80 Williams (1932) 32 SR (NSW) 504; 49 WN (NSW) 144 ................................. CA.346.80, CA.347.40, CA.347.100 Williams [1953] 1 QB 660 .............................................................................. CA.117.220, CA.117.400, CA.179.300 Williams [1954] VLR 134 ........................................................................................................................... CA.117.440 Williams [1975] 1 NSWLR 645 ................................................................................................................ CA.441A.20 Williams [1978] QB 373 ............................................................................................................................. CPA.154.20 Williams [1980] VR 1 ....................................................................................................................... CA.Pt3.Div10.500 Williams [1982] 3 All ER 1092 .................................................................................................................... CA.432.20 Williams (1982) 7 A Crim R 46 ................................................................................................................ CA.310D.80 Williams [1987] 3 All ER 411; (1984) 78 Cr App R 276 ........................................................................... CA.58.200 Williams [1988] 1 Qd R 289; 21 A Crim R 460 ....................................................................................... CA.117.200 Williams (1990) 50 A Crim R 213 ............... CA.35.80, CA.59.100, CA.60.160, CA.61.120, CA.61.140, CLP.1320 Williams [1992] 1 WLR 380; [1992] 2 All ER 183; (1992) 95 Cr App R 1 .......................................... CA.19A.320 Williams (1999) 102 A Crim R 260 ................................................................................................. CA.Pt3.Div10.500 Williams [2000] VSC 20 ............................................................................................................................. CA.423.140 Williams (2004) 148 A Crim R 325; [2004] NSWCCA 246 ....................................................................... CA.33.200 Williams (No 3) [1962] Crim LR 111 ........................................................................................................ CA.117.200 Williamson (1869) 21 LT 444 ..................................................................................................................... CA.179.200 Williamson [1972] 2 NSWLR 281 ............................................................................ CLP.2540, CLP.2600, CLP.2640 Williamson (No 2) (1996) 67 SASR 428; (1996) 92 A Crim R 24 ............................................. CLP.300, CLP.1060 Willis (unreported, CCA (NSW), 14 September 1988) ............................................................................. CA.52A.240 Willmot (No 2) [1985] 2 Qd R 413; 18 A Crim R 42 ....................... CA.19A.520, CA.5.140, CA.5.200, CLP.1400 Wills [1983] 2 VR 201 .......................................................................................... CA.24.240, CA.54.100, CA.423.60 Wilson (1848) 2 Car & Kir 527; 1 Den 284 ................................................................................................ CA.250.40 Wilson (1856) Dears & B 127 ........................................................................................................................ CA.83.80 Wilson (1874) 12 SCR (NSW) 258 .............................................................................................................. CA.117.80 Wilson (1879) 5 QBD 28 .................................................................................................................................. CLP.560 Wilson (1892) 9 WN (NSW) 32 ................................................................................................................... CPA.19.40 Wilson (1914) 14 SR (NSW) 7; 31 WN (NSW) 12 ................................................................................... CA.66A.80 Wilson [1955] 1 WLR 493; 1 All ER 744; (1955) 39 Cr App R 12 ...................................... CA.58.300, CA.61.120 Wilson [1969] SASR 218 .............................................................................................................................. CA.112.80 Wilson [1983] 1 WLR 356; [1983] 1 All ER 993; (1983) 76 Cr App R 255 .......................................... CPA.162.20 Wilson [1983] 1 WLR 356; 1 All ER 993; (1983) 76 Cr App R 255 ...................................................... CPA.162.40 Wilson [1984] AC 242; [1983] 3 WLR 686; [1983] 3 All ER 448 ........................................ CA.33.180, CA.35.140 Wilson [1995] 1 VR 163; 73 A Crim R 190 .............................................................................................. CPA.21.280 Wilson [1996] 1 WLR 125 ........................................................................................................................... CA.61.280 Wilson (2001) 125 A Crim R 450; [2001] NSWCCA 399 .......................................................................... CA.94.360 Wilson [2007] 2 Cr App R 411 .................................................................................................................... CA.27.120 Wilson (unreported, CCA (NSW), 12 August 1994) ....................................................................................... CLP.720 Wilson & Martin (1837) 8 Car & P 111 .................................................................................................... CA.117.360 Wilton (1889) 6 WN (NSW) 6 ................................................................................................................... CA.250.100 Winchester (1992) 58 A Crim R 345 ............................................................................................................ CA.439.20 Windle (1958) 58 SR (NSW) 110; 75 WN (NSW) 63 ............................................................................. CA.52A.260 Windsor [1982] VR 89; (1980) 4 A Crim R 197 ...................................................................................... CA.19A.500 Wines [1954] 1 WLR 64; [1953] 2 All ER 1497; (1953) 37 Cr App R 197 .................... CA.158.140, CA.176.120, CA.250.100 Winkworth (1830) 4 Car & P 444; 172 ER 775 .......................................................................................... CA.94.140 Winnall (1851) 5 Cox CC 326 .................................................................................................. CA.155.40, CA.157.60 Winner (1989) 39 A Crim R 180 ................................................................................................................ CPA.162.40 Winsor (1866) LR 1 QB 390 .................................................................................................................... CPA.156.140 Witchell (1798) 2 East’s Pleas of the Crown ............................................................................................. CA.179.200

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TABLE OF CASES

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v Withers (1925) 25 SR (NSW) 382; 42 WN (NSW) 113 ............................................................................. CA.23.100 v Wogandt (1983) 33 A Crim R 31 ................................................................................................................... CLP.1200 v Wollaston (1872) 12 Cox CC 180 ............................................................................................................ CA.61HA.40 v Wong Chey (1911) 6 Cr App R 59 ....................................................................................... CA.93B.80, CA.93B.100 v Wood (1830) 1 Mood CC 278; 168 ER 1271 ........................................ CA.4.160, CA.27.80, CA.96.80, CA.98.180 v Wood (1911) 7 Cr App R 56 ................................................................................................... CA.107.100, CA.114.60 v Wood [1987] 1 WLR 779 (1987) 85 Cr App R 287 ................................................................................. CA.188.240 v Wood [2000] WASC 64 ............................................................................................................................... CPA.21.160 v Woodhall (1872) 12 Cox CC 240 ............................................................................................. CA.97.220, CA.98.220 v Woodhead (1836) 1 Mood & R 549; 174 ER 189 ...................................................................................... CA.150.40 v Woodhouse [1919] VLR 736 .................................................................................................................... CPA.156.140 v Woodhurst (1870) 12 Cox CC 443 ........................................................................................................... CA.61HA.80 v Woodland [2007] NSWCCA 29 .............................................................................................................. CA.52AB.200 v Woodman [1974] QB 754 ...................................................................................................... CA.117.260, CA.117.420 v Woodman [2001] NSWCCA 310 ............................................................................................................. CA.176A.100 v Woodrow 153 ER 907; (1846) 15 M & W 404 ............................................................................................. CLP.1360 v Woods (1957) 57 SR (NSW) 638; 74 WN (NSW) 420 .............................................................................. CA.24.220 v Woods (2009) 195 A Crim R 173; [2009] NSWCCA 55 ......................................................................... CA.66A.120 v Woodward (1838) 8 Carrington & Payne 561 ............................................................................................... CLP.1220 v Woodward [1944] KB 118; (1944) 29 Cr App R 159 ................................................................................. CPA.36.20 v Woodward 169 ER 1329; (1862) Le & Ca 122 ......................................................................................... CA.188.220 v Woolley (1850) 1 Denison 559 ............................................................................................. CA.179.200, CA.179.280 v Woolley (1980) 3 Carrington & Kirwan 98 ............................................................................................... CA.179.200 v Worland [1964] 607 ................................................................................................................................... CPA.156.100 v Worrall (1836) 7 Car & P 516 ...................................................................................................................... CA.139.60 v Wort [1927] VLR 560 ................................................................................................................................. CA.117.360 v Worthington [1921] VLR 660 ................................................................................................. CA.133.80, CA.186.100 v Wortley (1851) 5 Cox CC 382 ...................................................................................................................... CA.155.40 v Wozniak (1989) 16 NSWLR 185; 40 A Crim R 290 .................................................................................. CA.316.80 v Wright (1828) Carrington’s Supplement 278 (173 ER 953n) ...................................................................... CA.118.20 v Wright (1858) Dears & Bell 431 .................................................................................................................. CA.157.60 v Wright (1997) 93 A Crim R 48 ..................................................................................................................... SPA.10.80 v Wright [2000] Crim LR 510 ........................................................................................................................... CLP.2540 v Wright (unreported, CCA (NSW), 18 July 1986) ................................... DMTA.25.80, DMTA.25.140, DMTA.29.40 v Wuyts [1969] 3 WLR 1; 2 All ER 799 ........................................................................................................ CA.417.20 v Wyatt [1904] 1 KB 188 ...................................................................................................... CA.178C.180, CA.179.300 v Wyatt (1921) 16 Cr App R 57 ........................................................................................................................ CA.99.60 v Wynn (1849) 2 Car & K 859 ...................................................................................................................... CA.117.220 v Wynn (1887) 16 Cox CC 231 ..................................................................................................................... CA.125.100 v XHR [2012] NSWCCA 247 ........................................................................................................................... CLP.1820 v XY [2010] NSWCCA 181 ................................................................................................................ CA.Pt3.Div10.520 v Xi [2015] NSWSC 1575 .............................................................................................................................. BA.16A.20 v Yamamoto Hidesalriro (1921) 24 WALR 54 ................................................................................................ CPA.30.20 v Yanner [1998] 2 Qd R 208; (1997) 98 A Crim R 51 ................................................................................... CPA.30.20 v Yassien [2006] NSWCCA 15 ........................................................................................................................ CA.94.360 v Yasso (2004) 10 VR 466 ............................................................................................................................... CA.23.200 v Yates (1827) 1 Mood 170; 168 ER 1229 ....................................................................................................... CA.4.260 v Yates (1841) Car & M 132 ......................................................................................................................... CA.327.160 v Yates (1963) 63 SR (NSW) 477; 80 WN (NSW) 744 ........................................................ CA.546B.100, CA.114.80 v Yates [2002] NSWCCA 520 .......................................................................................................................... CA.95.120 v Yau Leung Wong (1988) 37 A Crim R 385 ..................................................................................................... CLP.680 v Yee Kam Lau (1998) 105 A Crim R 167 ............................................................................................... DMTA.23.160 v Yenice (1994) 72 A Crim R 234 ................................................................................................................ CA.442B.20 v Yigwai [1963] PNGLR 40 ............................................................................................................................ CA.22A.40

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TABLE OF CASES

R v Yorke (1848) 2 Car & K 841 ...................................................................................................................... CA.117.420 R v Young (1838) 8 Carr & P 644 ...................................................................................................................... CA.345.80 R v Young (1878) 14 Cox CC 114 .................................................................................................................. CA.61HA.80 R v Young (1923) 17 Cr App R 131 ................................................................................................................... CA.117.20 R v Young [1923] SASR 35 ................................................................................................................................ CA.66A.80 R v Young (1947) 48 SR (NSW) 46; 64 WN (NSW) 193 .................... CA.527C.60, CA.527C.100, CA.140.40, CLP.80 R v Young [1953] 1 All ER 21; (1952) 36 Cr App R 200 ............................................................................... CA.188.100 R v Young (1996) 90 A Crim R 80 ................................................................................................................. CPA.156.200 R v Youssef (1990) 50 A Crim R 1 ......... CA.19A.120, CA.19A.520, CA.43A.100, CA.52A.20, CA.43.80, CA.44.100, CA.61.80, CA.117.200, CA.199.160, CA.423.140, CLP.40, CLP.240, CLP.260, CLP.300, CLP.320, CLP.340, CLP.360, CLP.2100, CLP.2260 R v Yuill (1993) 69 A Crim R 450 ................................................................................................ CPA.19.40, CPA.19.180 R v Yule [1964] 1 QB 5; (1963) 47 Cr App R 229 .......................................................................................... CA.166.140 R v Zaidi (1991) 57 A Crim R 189 .................................................................................................................... CA.61H.20 R v Zaiter [2004] NSWCCA 35 .............................................................................................................................. CLP.580 R v Zamagias [2002] NSWCCA 17 ..................................................................................................................... CA.33.200 R v Zampaglione (1981) 6 A Crim R 287 ............................................................................................................. CA.7.140 R v Zerafa (2003) 139 A Crim R 439; [2003] NSWCCA 101 ..................................................................... LEPRA.14.20 R v Zhan Yu Zhong (2003) 139 A Crim R 220; [2003] VSCA 56 ................................................... CA.61N.80, CLP.960 R v Zhang [2004] NSWCCA 358 ........................................................................................................................ CA.33.200 R v Zischke [1983] 1 Qd R 240 ........................................................................................................................ CA.195.100 R v Zorad [1979] 2 NSWLR 764 .................................................. CA.Pt3.Div10.320, CA.Pt3.Div10.560, CA.61HA.100 R v Zorad (1990) 19 NSWLR 91; 47 A Crim R 211 ............................ CLP.1880, CPA.36.20, CPA.160.20, DMTA.3.80 R v de Munck [1918] 1 KB 635 ......................................................................................................................... SOA.15.40 R (a child) v Whitty (1993) 66 A Crim R 462 ....................................................................................................... CLP.560 RB v Director of Public Prosecutions (NSW) [2015] NSWSC 248 ................................................................ CPA.214.40 RJA v The Queen (2008) 185 A Crim R 178; [2008] NSWCCA 137 ............................................................ CA.66A.120 RPS v The Queen (2000) 199 CLR 620; 113 A Crim R 341; [2000] HCA 3 .................................. CLP.1840, CLP.1880 RWB v The Queen (2010) 202 A Crim R 209; [2010] NSWCCA 147 ................................................................ CLP.360 Radenkovic v The Queen (1990) 170 CLR 623; 51 A Crim R 451; [1990] HCA 54 ...................................... SPA.Pt1.20 Ramsay v Larsen (1964) 111 CLR 16 ................................................................................................................. CA.61.320 Ratten v The Queen (1974) 131 CLR 510; [1974] HCA 35 ............................................................................ CPA.160.20 Ratten v The Queen (1974) 131 CLR 510; 48 ALJR 380; [1974] HCA 35 ......................................................... CLP.580 Raven v Fisher [1964] AC 210; (1963) 47 Cr App R 174 ............................................................................ CA.178C.140 Raynal v Samuels (1974) 9 SASR 264 ........................................................................................................... CA.527C.160 Rayner v Godmond (1821) 5 B & Ald 225; 106 ER 1175 ................................................................................ CA.32.100 Read v Coker (1853) 13 CB 850; 138 ER 1437 ................................................................................................. CA.61.120 Reardon v O’Sullivan [1950] SASR 77 .............................................................................................................. CA.93X.80 Redbridge LBC v Jacques [1970] 1 WLR 1604; [1971] 1 All ER 260 .............................................................. SOA.6.40 Redford v Birley (1822) 1 State Trials (NS) 1071 ........................................................................................... CA.545C.60 Reece v Taylor (1835) 4 Nev & M 469 ........................................................................................................... LEPRA.9.40 Rees v The Queen (2010) 200 A Crim R 83; [2010] NSWCCA 84 ...................................................................... CLP.580 Reg v Tao [1976] 3 All ER 65; [1977] QB 141; 63 Cr App R 163 ................................................................ DMTA.6.20 Reichel v Magrath (1889) 14 App Cas 665 ....................................................................................................... CPA.19.160 Rew’s Case (1662) Kel 26 ....................................................................................................................................... CLP.540 Rex v Grave (1930) 30 SR 158 ......................................................................................................................... CA.527C.40 Rice v Connolly [1966] 2 QB 414; [1966] 3 WLR 17; [1966] 2 All ER 649 ...... CA.546C.100, CA.58.160, CA.60.120 Rich v A-G (Vic) [1999] VSCA 14; (1999) 103 A Crim R 261 ........................................................................ CPA.19.40 Richards v The Queen [1993] AC 217; [1992] 3 WLR 928; [1992] 4 All ER 807 ................ CPA.113.40, CPA.156.220 Richardson v Pullen (1998) 28 MVR 488 ............................................................................................................ CLP.1360 Richardson v The Queen (1974) 131 CLR 116 ................................................................................................... CPA.36.20 Richardson v The Queen (1974) 131 CLR 116; 48 ALJR 181; [1974] HCA 19 ................................................ CLP.1800 Ricketts v Laws (1988) 14 NSWLR 311 .................................................................................. CA.52A.120, CA.52AB.80 Riddell v Earl of Strathmore (1887) 3 TLR 329 ................................................................................................ SOA.13.20

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TABLE OF CASES

Ridgeway v The Queen (1995) 184 CLR 19; 69 ALJR 484; 78 A Crim R 307; 129 ALR 41 ....................... CPA.19.80, CPA.19.120, CPA.19.160 Ridgeway v The Queen (1995) 184 CLR 19; 78 A Crim R 307; [1995] HCA 66 ............................................. CLP.2500 Ridley v Hanney [1962] WAR 157 ................................................................................................................... CA.52A.180 Rigg v Earl Lonsdale (1857) 1 Hurl & Norm 923 ............................................................................................ CA.117.260 Riseley v The Queen [1970] Tas SR 41 .............................................................................................................. CA.61L.80 Ritchie, Ex parte (1896) 12 WN (NSW) 109 ............................................................................................................ CLP.80 Roach v Rogers [1923] VLR 184 ..................................................................................................................... CA.527A.80 Robbins v Horton (1980) 3 NTR 1 ...................................................................................................................... CPA.21.20 Roberts v O’Sullivan [1950] SASR 245 .................................................................................................................. CA.8.20 Roberts v Thomson [1963] QWN 36 ................................................................................................................. CA.131.120 Robinett v Police (2000) 78 SASR 85; 116 A Crim R 492; [2000] SASC 405 ............................................. CA.25A.140 Robinson v Gilmore (unreported, SC (NSW), 11 December 1985) .............................................................. CA.546C.100 Robinson v The Queen (2006) 162 A Crim R 88; [2006] NSWCCA 192 .......................... CA.Pt3.Div10.180, CLP.1880 Robinson v The Queen [No 2] (1991) 180 CLR 531; (1991) 55 A Crim R 318; [1991] HCA 38 ................ CPA.160.20 Robson v Hallett [1967] 2 QB 939; (1967) 51 Cr App R 307 .................................................. CA.58.160, LEPRA.10.60 Roche v The Queen [1988] WAR 278; 29 A Crim R 168 .............................................................. CA.23.180, CA.27.120 Rochford Rural Council v Port of London Authority [1914] 2 KB 916 ............................................. CLP.80, SOA.17.40 Rockdale Municipal Council v Harvey (1965) 11 LGRA 344 ............................................................................. SOA.6.40 Roddan v Walker (1997) 94 A Crim R 170 .............................................................................................................. CLP.80 Roe v Kingerlee [1986] Crim LR 735 ............................................................................................................... CA.195.100 Roger Johns v The Queen (1979) 141 CLR 409 ................................................................................................. CPA.34.20 Rogers v Chandler (1922) 18 Tas LR 38 .......................................................................................................... CA.527A.80 Rogers v Fenton [1962] Tas SR 28 ................................................................................................................... CA.527A.80 Rogers v The Queen (1994) 181 CLR 251; 74 A Crim R 462 ...... CPA.19.80, CPA.19.160, CPA.156.40, CPA.156.200, CPA.156.220, CPA.156.260, CPA.156.280 Rohde v DPP (1986) 161 CLR 119 ................................................................................................................... CPA.156.20 Rona v District Court (SA) (1995) 63 SASR 223; 77 A Crim R 16 .................... CPA.19.100, CPA.19.160, CPA.113.40 Rondel v Worsley [1969] 1 AC 191 .................................................................................................................... CPA.36.20 Roos v Director of Public Prosecutions (1994) 34 NSWLR 254; 74 A Crim R 138 ........................................ SPA.45.20 Roper v Knott [1898] 1 QB 868 ........................................................................................................................ CA.195.100 Rose v Kempthorne (1910) 22 Cox CC 356 ....................................................................................................... CA.61.180 Rose v Matt [1951] 1 KB 810 ........................................................................................................................... CA.117.280 Rose v The Queen [1961] AC 496; (1961) 45 Cr App R 102 .......................................................................... CA.23A.60 Rose v Wilson (1823) 1 Bing 353 .................................................................................................................... LEPRA.9.40 Ross v The King (1922) 30 CLR 246; [1922] HCA 4 .................................................................................... CA.19A.600 Ross Hillman Ltd v Bond [1974] 1 QB 435; [1974] 2 WLR 436; [1974] 2 All ER 287 ...................................... CLP.80 Rosza v Samuels [1969] SASR 205 .................................................................................................................... CA.61.120 Rous v Government Insurance Office (NSW) [1994] Aust Torts Reports 81-289 ............................................... CA.60.80 Rowe v Conti; Threlfall v Panzera [1958] VR 547 ............................................................................................ CA.97.120 Rowell v Larter (1986) 6 NSWLR 21; 24 A Crim R 222 ............................................................................. LEPRA.48.80 Roy v Briggs (1987) 25 A Crim R 229 ................................................................................................................. SOA.6.40 Royal College of Nursing v Dept Health and Social Security [1982] AC 800 ................................................. CA.83.100 Royall v The Queen (1991) 172 CLR 378; 65 ALJR 451; 54 A Crim R 53; 100 ALR 669 ........................ CA.19A.160, CA.19A.260, CA.19A.280, CA.19A.300, CA.19A.320, CA.19A.400, CA.19A.440, CA.19A.500, CA.19A.520, CA.52A.140, CA.5.140, CA.24.100, CA.24.260, CA.54.80, CLP.140, CLP.440, CLP.480, CLP.500, CLP.520, CLP.540, CLP.1320 Rubie v Faulkner [1940] 1 KB 571 ..................................................................................................................... CA.345.80 Ruddock v Taylor (2005) 222 CLR 612; 79 ALJR 1534; [2005] HCA 48 ......................... LEPRA.11.20, LEPRA.99.80 Ruse v Read [1949] 1 KB 377 ..................................................................................................... CA.117.160, CA.117.320 Russell v Smith [1958] 1 QB 27 ........................................................ CA.117.20, CA.117.320, CA.117.400, CA.117.420 Ryan v The Queen (1967) 121 CLR 205 ................... CA.4A.20, CA.19A.20, CA.19A.140, CA.19A.160, CA.19A.280, CA.19A.540, CA.5.80, CA.61.80, CA.96.20, CA.96.80, CA.98.180, CLP.140, CLP.160, CLP.220, CLP.300, CLP.1060, CLP.1140, CLP.1320, CPA.154.280

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TABLE OF CASES

Ryan, Ex parte; Re Johnson (1943) 44 SR (NSW) 12; 61 WN 17 ................................................................... SOA.13.20 Ryder v Morley (1986) 12 FCR 438; 25 A Crim R 24 ...................................................... LEPRA.48.120, LEPRA.76.20 Ryder v Morley (1987) 16 FCR 257; 27 A Crim R 470 ............................................................................... LEPRA.76.20

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S S v McC [1972] AC 24 ........................................................................................................................................ CA.61.260 S v The Queen (1989) 168 CLR 266; 45 A Crim R 221; [1989] HCA 66 .............. CA.9.60, CPA.21.160, CPA.150.200 S v The Queen (1997) 191 CLR 275; 95 A Crim R 400; [1997] HCA 47 ..................................................... CPA.21.220 S (an Infant) v Recorder of Manchester [1971] AC 481 ................................................................................ CPA.154.200 SBF v The Queen (2009) 198 A Crim R 219; [2009] NSWCCA 231 ............................................................ CA.52A.240 SZ v The Queen (2007) 168 A Crim R 249; [2007] NSWCCA 19 .................................................................... SPA.23.20 Saad v The Queen (1987) 29 A Crim R 20; 61 ALJR 243; [1987] HCA 14 .......... CA.7.120, DMTA.7.40, DMTA.7.60, DMTA.29.60 Saddler v The Queen (2009) 194 A Crim R 452; [2009] NSWCCA 83 ......................................................... SPA.21A.20 Saffron v Director of Public Prosecutions (NSW) (1989) 16 NSWLR 397; 43 A Crim R 1 ....... CPA.62.40, CPA.64.60, CPA.64.100 Saibu v The Queen (1993) 10 WAR 279 ......................................................................................................... CA.61HA.80 St Mary Newington Vestry v Jacobs (1871) LR 7 QB 47 ................................................................................... SOA.6.40 Sako v Anthony (unreported, NSW Sup Ct, Badgery-Parker J, 8 March 1991) ................................................. CA.61.20 Saltergate Insurance Co Ltd and the Companies Act, Re (1980) 4 ACLR 733 ................................................. CA.178.20 Sam v The Queen (2011) 206 A Crim R 67; [2011] NSWCCA 36 .................................................................. CA.43A.80 Samadi v The Queen (2008) 192 A Crim R 251; [2008] NSWCCA 330 .......................................................... CA.38.120 Sambasivam v Public Prosecutor, Federation of Malaya [1950] AC 458 .............................. CPA.156.200, CPA.156.260 Sampson v Crafter [1940] SASR 427 ............................................................................................................. CA.527C.140 Samuels v Centofanti [1967] SASR 251 ................................................................................................................... CLP.80 Samuels v Hall [1969] SASR 296 ......................................................................................................................... SOA.4.20 Samuels v Nicholson (1973) 6 SASR 479 ................................................................................................................ CLP.80 Samuels v Stubbs (1972) 4 SASR 200 .............................................................................................................. CA.195.100 Sanderson v Allchurch [1922] SASR 7 ................................................................................................................... CA.8.20 Sandon v Jervis (1859) El Bl & El 942; 120 ER 760 .......................................................................................... CA.95.80 Saraswati v The Queen (1991) 172 CLR 1; 65 ALJR 402; 54 A Crim R 183; 100 ALR 193 ... CA.61N.80, CA.97.220, CA.98.220, CPA.156.100, CPA.156.180, CPA.156.220 Saunders v Commissioner, Australian Federal Police (1998) 86 FCR 51 .................................................... LEPRA.48.80 Saunders v Herold (1991) 105 FLR 1 ................................................................................................................... SOA.4.20 Saunders v The Queen [1980] WAR 183; (1980) 3 A Crim R 471 ........................................... CA.345.100, CA.345.140 Savage’s Case (1647) Style 12; 82 ER 491 ........................................................................................................ CA.250.40 Savvas v The Queen (1995) 183 CLR 1; (1995) 78 A Crim R 538; [1995] HCA 29 ........ CLP.740, CLP.780, CLP.820, DMTA.26.100 Sawtell v Regan (1882) 3 LR (NSW) 362 .............................................................................................................. CA.8.20 Sayce v Coupe [1953] 1 QB 1 ............................................................................................................................. CA.345.80 Saycell v Bool [1948] 2 All ER 83; [1948] WN 232 ...................................................................................... CA.52A.120 Scarfe v Wood (1969) 113 Sol J 143 .................................................................................................................... SOA.6.40 Scatchard v The Queen (1987) 27 A Crim R 136 ............................................................................................... CA.59.100 Schagen v The Queen (1993) 8 WAR 410; 65 A Crim R 500 ........................................................................... CPA.36.20 Schiffmann v The King (1910) 11 CLR 255 ..................................................................................................... CA.117.280 Schlieske v Federal Republic of Germany (1987) 14 FCR 424; 24 A Crim R 36 ....................... CA.310D.60, CLP.1460 Schofield v Betts [1936] 31 Tas LR 32 ........................................................................................................... CPA.156.140 Schubert v Lee (1946) 71 CLR 589; [1946] HCA 28 .......................................................................................... SOA.6.40 Schultz v The Queen [1982] WAR 171; (1981) 5 A Crim R 234 ....................................................................... CLP.1500 Schulz v Paige [1961] SASR 258 ........................................................................................................................ CA.351.60 Scofield (1784) Cald Mag Cas 397 ................................................................................................................. CA.344A.100 Scott v Baker [1969] 1 QB 659 ...................................................................................................... CA.310D.60, CLP.1460 Scott v Metropolitan Police Commissioner [1975] AC 819; [1974] 3 WLR 741; [1974] 3 All ER 1032; (1974) 60 Cr App R 124 .......................................................................................................................... CLP.800

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TABLE OF CASES

Scott v Shepherd (1773) 2 Black W; 96 ER 526 ................................................................................................ CA.61.120 Seamark v Prouse [1980] 1 WLR 698; [1980] 3 All ER 26; (1980) 70 Cr App R 236 ..................................... CA.60.80 Secretary, Department of Health and Community Services v JWB and SMB (Marion’s case) (1992) 175 CLR 218 ................................................................................................................... CA.61.100, CA.61.160 Secretary of State for Trade v Markus [1975] 1 All ER 958 ........................................................................... CA.179.320 See v Milner (1980) 2 A Crim R 210 ............................................................................................. CA.7.80, LEPRA.23.80 Seidler, Re [1986] 1 Qd R 486 ........................................................................................................................ CPA.156.160 Seiler v The Queen [1978] WAR 27 .................................................................................................................. CPA.21.400 Selbeck v McDonald [1978] 1 NSWLR 1 ................................................................................................... LEPRA.48.120 Selby v Pennings (1989) 19 WAR 520 ........................................................................................... CA.310D.60, CLP.1460 Self’s Case (1776) 1 East PC 226 ......................................................................................................................... CA.44.80 Semaan v Poidevin (2013) 228 A Crim R 363; [2013] NSWSC 226 ................................................................ CA.60.120 Semayne’s Case (1604) 5 Co Rep 91a; 77 ER 194 ....................................................................................... LEPRA.48.60 Semmens v Police (unreported, SA Sup Ct, Perry J, 18 September 1998) ........................................................ SPA.10.80 Semple v Carson (1984) 35 SASR 589 ................................................................................................................. SOA.3.60 Seneviratne v The King [1936] 3 All ER 36 ........................................................................................................ CLP.1800 Sepulveda v The Queen (2006) 167 A Crim R 108; [2006] NSWCCA 379 .............................................. LEPRA.99.120 Sergi v The Director of Public Prosecutions (unreported, CA (NSW), 10 September 1991) ......................... DMTA.6.20 Seymour v The Queen (2006) 162 A Crim R 576; [2006] NSWCCA 206 ......................................................... CLP.1820 Sharman v Director of Public Prosecutions (NSW) (2006) 161 A Crim R 1 ............................ CPA.172.20, CPA.177.20 Shaw v DPP [1962] AC 220; [1961] 2 WLR 897; [1961] 2 All ER 446 ......................................................... SOA.15.40 Shaw v Director of Public Prosecutions [1962] AC 220; [1961] 2 WLR 897; [1961] 2 All ER 446 ................. CLP.760 Shaw v Shaw (1862) 6 LT 477 .......................................................................................................................... CA.319.140 Shaw v The Queen (1952) 85 CLR 365; [1952] HCA 18 ................................................................................... CLP.1820 Shearer v Shields [1914] AC 808 .......................................................................................................................... CA.5.100 Sheehan v Piddington [1955] QSR 574 .......................................................................................................... CA.546B.100 Sheen v The Queen (2011) 215 A Crim R 208; [2011] NSWCCA 259 .......................................................... CPA.162.60 Sheen v The Queen [2011] NSWCCA 259 ....................................................................................................... CA.112.100 Shepherd v The Queen (1990) 170 CLR 573; (1990) 51 A Crim R 181; [1990] HCA 56 ..... CA.19A.520, CA.51A.120 Shepherd v The Queen (1990) 170 CLR 573; 51 A Crim R 181; [1990] HCA 56 .............................................. CLP.580 Sherras v De Rutzen [1895] 1 QB 918 ................................................................................. CLP.80, CLP.1040, CLP.1280 Shubley v The Queen (1990) 52 CCC (3d) 481 ............................................................................................. CPA.156.160 Sidaway v Board of Governors of the Bethlem Royal Hospital [1985] AC 871 .............................................. CA.61.260 Siedler, Re [1986] 1 Qd R 486 ........................................................................................................................ CPA.156.140 Siganto v The Queen (1998) 194 CLR 656; 105 A Crim R 184; [1998] HCA 74 ......................................... CPA.154.60 Simpson v Hill (1795) 1 Esp 431; 170 ER 409 .................................................................................................... CA.95.80 Simpson v Sinclair [1917] AC 127 ................................................................................................................... CA.19A.300 Simpson v The Queen (1998) 194 CLR 228; 103 A Crim R 19; [1998] HCA 46 ...................................... CA.52AB.140 Sinanovic v The Queen (1998) 72 ALJR 1050; 103 A Crim R 452 .................................................................. CPA.36.20 Sinclair v The King (1946) 73 CLR 316; [1946] HCA 55 .................................................................................. CLP.1140 Sinclair, Ex parte (1947) 65 WN (NSW) 44 ......................................................................................................... SOA.6.40 Sissinghurst House Case (1673) 1 Hale PC 462 ............................................................................................... CA.345.100 Slader v Smalbrooke (1664) 1 Lev 138 ............................................................................................................... CA.250.40 Slater v Marshall [1965] WAR 222 ................................................................................................................. CPA.154.100 Slattery v The King (1905) 2 CLR 546 .......................... CA.117.80, CA.117.160, CA.117.260, CA.117.280, CA.125.60 Sloane, Ex parte (1983) 8 A Crim R 424 ............................................................................................................ CPA.19.40 Smith v Chadwick (1884) 9 App Cas 187 ......................................................................................................... CA.179.260 Smith v Cooke (1914) 84 LJKB 959 ................................................................................................................... CA.512.80 Smith v Corrective Services Commissioner of New South Wales (1980) 147 CLR 134; 55 ALJR 68; [1980] HCA 49 .................................................................................................................................... LEPRA.99.60 Smith v Dear (1903) 88 LT 664 ......................................................................................................................... CA.511.120 Smith v Desmond [1965] AC 960; [1965] 2 WLR 894; [1965] 1 All ER 976 .......... CA.94.60, CA.94.100, CA.94.120, CA.94.380, CA.95.100, CA.97.220, CA.98.220, CPA.162.40 Smith v Elder [1955] NZLR 12 ......................................................................................................................... CA.179.240

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TABLE OF CASES

Smith v Leurs [1944] SASR 213 ........................................................................................................................... CA.60.80 Smith v The Queen (1957) 97 CLR 100; [1957] HCA 3 .............................................................................. LEPRA.99.40 Smith v The Queen (1985) 159 CLR 532 ........................................................................................................... CPA.36.20 Smith v The Queen (1993) 67 ALJR 706 ......................................................................................................... CA.345.140 Smith v Thomasson (1890) 62 LT 68 ............................................................................................................... CA.545B.40 Smith, Re (1858) 3 Hurl & Norm 227 .......................................................................................... CA.345.180, CA.351.60 Smyth v The Queen (1957) 98 CLR 163; [1957] HCA 24 ....................... CA.19A.520, CA.5.120, CLP.1400, CLP.1500 Sodeman v The King (1936) 55 CLR 192; [1936] HCA 75 .................. CA.178B.120, CLP.1080, CLP.1100, CLP.1120, CLP.1140, CLP.1200, CLP.1440 South v The Queen [2007] NSWCCA 117 .................................................................................................... CA.61HA.100 Southam v Smout [1964] 1 QB 308 .................................................................................................................... CA.61.180 Southon v Plath (2010) 181 LGERA 352; [2010] NSWCCA 292 ............................................. CPA.213.40, CPA.214.40 Southport Corporation v Morriss [1893] 1 QB 359 .............................................................................................. CA.32.80 Southwark London Borough Council v Williams [1971] Ch 734; [1971] 2 WLR 467; [1971] 2 All ER 175 .............................................................................................................................................................. CLP.2820 Sparks v The Queen (1964) AC 964 ....................................................................................................... CA.Pt3.Div10.320 Sparks, Ex parte (1879) 2 SCR NS (NSW) 218 ............................................................................................... CA.131.120 Sparre v The King (1942) 66 CLR 149; [1942] HCA 19 ..................................................................................... CA.77.20 Spautz v Gibbs (1990) 21 NSWLR 230 ............................................................................................................ CPA.19.100 Spautz v Williams [1983] 2 NSWLR 506 ......................................................................................................... CPA.19.100 Spies v The Queen (2000) 201 CLR 603; 113 A Crim R 448; 173 ALR 529; [2000] HCA 43 ... CA.176A.80, CLP.800 Stamp v United Dominions Trust (Commercial) Ltd [1967] 1 QB 418 ............................................................ CA.438.20 Standish v The Queen (1991) 60 A Crim R 364; [1991] TASSC 83 ................................................................. CA.35.100 Stanford v The Queen (2007) 70 NSWLR 474; 179 A Crim R 541; [2007] NSWCCA 370 ........................... CA.112.80 Stanley v Powell [1891] QB 86 ........................................................................................................................... CA.61.180 Stanoevski v The Queen (2001) 202 CLR 115; 118 A Crim R 247 ...................................................... CA.Pt3.Div10.540 Stanton v Dawson (1987) 31 A Crim R 104 ................................................................................................... CPA.154.200 Stanton v The Queen (2003) 77 ALJR 1151; [2003] HCA 29 ....................................................... CLP.1880, CPA.162.80 Stanton, Ex parte (1928) 28 SR (NSW) 516; 45 WN 118 ...................................................... CPA.154.100, CPA.154.200 Stapleton v The Queen (1952) 86 CLR 358; [1952] HCA 56 ................. CA.19A.520, CA.5.120, CLP.1080, CLP.1100, CLP.1500 State v Barry 45 Mont 598 (1912) ....................................................................................................................... CA.61.120 State Pollution Control Commission v Hunt (1990) 72 LGRA 316 ........................................................................ CLP.80 State Pollution Control Commission v Tallow Products Pty Ltd (1992) 29 NSWLR 517; 65 A Crim R 509 .............................................................................. CPA.19.160, CPA.156.80, CPA.156.100, CPA.156.180 State Rail Authority (NSW) v Hunter Water Board (1992) 28 NSWLR 721; (1992) 65 A Crim R 101 .................................................................................................................................................. CLP.1360, CLP.1380 State of New South Wales v Delly (2007) 70 NSWLR 125; 177 A Crim R 538; [2007] NSWCA 303 ........................................................................................................................................ CA.33.160, LEPRA.99.160 Steele v Lewis (1883) 1 QLJ 137 ............................................................................................................................ CA.8.20 Stefani v John [1948] 1 KB 158; [1947] 2 All ER 615 .................................................................................. CPA.156.140 Steinberg v Commissioner of Taxation (Cth) (1975) 134 CLR 640 .............................................................. CPA.150.120 Stephens v Myers (1830) 4 C & P 349; 172 ER 735 ......................................................................................... CA.61.120 Stephens v The Queen (1978) 139 CLR 315 ................................................................................................. CA.178A.180 Stevens v Gourley (1859) 141 ER 752; 7 CBNS 99 ............................................................................................ SOA.3.40 Stevens v Gourley (1859) 7 CB (NS) 99; 141 ER 752 ................................................................ CA.547C.60, CA.112.80 Stevens v The Queen (2005) 227 CLR 319; (2005) 156 A Crim R 487; [2005] HCA 65 ............................ CA.19A.600 Stevens v The Queen (2005) 227 CLR 319; 156 A Crim R 487; [2005] HCA 65 ............................................. CLP.2260 Stevens v The Queen [2009] NSWCCA 260 ........................................................................... CA.192E.280, CA.192G.80 Stimac v Nicol [1942] VLR 66 ........................................................................................................................ CPA.156.140 Stockton v The Queen (1981) 3 A Crim R 384 ................................................................................................. CA.23A.60 Stone v Ford (1992) 65 A Crim R 459 ................................................................................................................. SOA.4.20 Storer v Murphy [No 2] (1991) 104 FLR 303 .................................................................................................. CPA.62.140 Strathfield Municipal Council v Elvy (1992) 25 NSWLR 745; (1992) 58 A Crim R 352 ................................. CLP.1380

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Streat v Bauer (unreported, SC (NSW), 16 March 1998) .............................................................................. CA.546C.100 Stuart v The Queen (1974) 134 CLR 426 ......................................................................................................... CA.345.100 Stubbs, Re (1947) 47 SR (NSW) 329; 64 WN (NSW) 53 .................................................................................. SPA.10.80 Stutsel v Reid (1990) 20 NSWLR 661 ................................................................................................................. SOA.4.20 Subramaniam v Attorney-General (NSW) (unreported, NSW Sup Ct, Barr J, 2 July 1997) ...... CA.319.80, CA.319.120 Subramaniam v Public Prosecutor [1956] 1 WLR 965 ........................................................................................ CLP.2540 Subramaniam v The Queen (2004) 79 ALJR 116; [2004] HCA 51 ................................................................. CPA.19.160 Sugar City Municipal District Council No 5 v Bennett and White [1950] DLR 81 .......................................... SOA.3.40 Suresh v The Queen (1998) 102 A Crim R 18 ...................... CA.Pt3.Div10.320, CA.Pt3.Div10.360, CA.Pt3.Div10.500, CA.Pt3.Div10.600 Surujpaul called Dick v The Queen [1958] 1 WLR 1050; 3 All ER 300; (1958) 42 Cr App R 266 .............. CA.346.80 Sutton v The Queen (1984) 152 CLR 528; 11 A Crim R 331; [1984] HCA 5 ........ CLP.580, CPA.21.200, CPA.21.240, CPA.21.260, CPA.21.360 Swansson v The Queen (2007) 69 NSWLR 406; 168 A Crim R 263; [2007] NSWCCA 67 ......... CLP.1720, CPA.21.60 Sweeney v Astle [1923] NZLR 1198 ..................................................................................................................... CA.26.40 Sweeney v Denness (1954) 56 WALR 52 ...................................................................................... CA.66A.80, CA.43.120 Sweet v Parsley [1970] AC 132; [1969] 2 WLR 470; [1969] 1 All ER 347 ................ CLP.1260, CLP.1300, SOA.17.40 Sweetman v Industries and Commerce Department [1970] NZLR 139 ............................................................. CA.345.80 Sydney Catchment Authority v Bailey (2006) 164 A Crim R 263 ............................................................. LEPRA.99.120 Sydney City Council v Paul Dainty Corporation Pty Ltd [1984] 3 NSWLR 104 ........................................... CPA.19.160 Sykes v DPP [1962] AC 528; [1961] 3 WLR 371; 3 All ER 37; (1961) 45 Cr App R 230 ............................ CA.316.80

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T TS, Re [2002] ACTSC 102 .................................................................................................................................. CPA.66.40 Tahmindjis v Brown (1985) 7 FCR 277; 60 ALR 120 ....................................................................................... CPA.56.40 Taiapa v The Queen (2009) 240 CLR 95; 214 A Crim R 486; [2009] HCA 53 ........... CLP.2500, CLP.2520, CLP.2540, CLP.2600, CLP.2660, CLP.2900 Taikato v The Queen (1996) 186 CLR 454; 90 A Crim R 323; [1996] HCA 28 ........................................... CA.43A.100 Taikato v The Queen (1996) 186 CLR 454; 90 A Crim R 323; 70 ALJR 960; 139 ALR 386 ..... CA.43.80, CA.44.100, CA.93FB.20, CA.93FB.40, CA.316.200, CLP.80 Tajjour v New South Wales (2014) 241 A Crim R 381; [2014] HCA 35 .................................... CA.93X.20, CA.93X.80 Tan v The Queen [1979] WAR 149 ................................................................................................................... CA.179.300 Tannous v The Queen (1989) 64 ALJR 141 .................................................................................................... DMTA.26.60 Taufahema v The Queen (2006) 162 A Crim R 152 ........................................................................................ CA.546C.60 Taxation (Cth), Commissioner of v Baffsky (2001) 122 A Crim R 568; 164 FLR 375; [2001] NSWCCA 332 ......................................................................................................... SPA.10.60, SPA.10.80, SPA.10.100 Taylor v Chief Constable of Thames Valley Police [2004] EWCA Civ 858; [2004] 1 WLR 3155; [2004] 3 All ER 503 ................................................................................................................................ LEPRA.99.160 Taylor v Clemson (1844) 11 Cl & F 610; 8 ER 1233 ................................................................................. LEPRA.48.120 Taylor v Goodwin (1879) 4 QBD 228 ................................................................................................................... CA.53.60 Taylor v Guilfoyle [1925] VLR 213 ................................................................................................................. CA.546B.20 Taylor v Newman (1863) 8 LT 424 ................................................................................................................... CA.117.200 Taylor v Phelan (1869) 6 W ..................................................................................................................................... CA.8.20 Taylor v The Queen (1978) 45 FLR 343 .............................................................................................................. CLP.1140 Tegge v Caldwell (1988) 15 NSWLR 226 ............................................................................... CA.527C.40, CA.527C.140 Tennants (Lancashire) Ltd v Wilson & Co Ltd [1917] AC 495 ...................................................................... CA.546C.60 Terbutt v Holmes (1935) 52 WN (NSW) 223 .................................................................................................. CA.546C.60 Thabo Meli v The Queen [1954] 1 WLR 228; 1 All ER 373 ................................ CA.19A.400, CA.19A.520, CLP.1320 Thambiah v The Queen [1966] AC 37; [1966] 2 WLR 81; [1965] 3 All ER 661 ........................ CA.45.120, CA.346.80 Thames Magistrates’ Court; Ex parte Polemis [1974] 1 WLR 1371; 2 All ER 1219 ....................................... CPA.19.40 Thomas v Lindop [1950] 1 All ER 966 ........................................................................................... CA.345.80, CA.351.60 Thomas v Sawkins [1935] 2 KB 249 ......................................................................................... CA.545C.60, LEPRA.9.40 Thomas v The King (1937) 59 CLR 279; [1937] HCA 83 .......................................... CA.117.200, CLP.1040, CLP.1380 Thomas v The Queen (1960) 102 CLR 584; [1960] HCA 2 ..................................... CA.19A.520, CA.5.120, CA.33.120

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TABLE OF CASES

Thomas v The Queen (1960) 102 CLR 584; 33 ALJR 413; [1960] HCA 2 ..................... CLP.360, CLP.1180, CLP.1400 Thompson v Mastertouch TV Service Pty Ltd (No 3) (1979) 38 FLR 397; 19 ALR 547 .............................. CPA.156.40 Thompson v Nixon [1966] 1 QB 103; (1965) 49 Cr App R 324 ................................................. CA.117.420, CA.125.60 Thompson v The King [1918] AC 221 ................................................................................................................. CLP.2240 Thompson v Vincent (2005) 153 A Crim R 577; [2005] NSWCA 219 ...................................................... LEPRA.99.180 Thomson v C (1989) 95 FLR 116 ....................................................................................................................... CA.60.120 Thornberry v The Queen (1995) 69 ALJR 777 ................................................................................................... CPA.19.40 Thorne v Motor Trade Association [1937] AC 797; (1937) 26 Cr App R 51 ..................................................... CA.99.60 Thorneloe v Filipowski (2001) 52 NSWLR 60; 123 A Crim R 92; [2001] NSWCCA 213 ....... SPA.10.40, SPA.10.100, SPA.10.120 Thornton v Mitchell [1940] 1 All ER 339 ........................................................................................................... CA.345.80 Threlfall v Panzera [1958] VR 547 ....................................................................................................................... CA.4.200 Thwaites v O’Sullivan [1965] SASR 34 ........................................................................................................... CA.527C.60 Tiger Nominees Pty Ltd v State Pollution Control Commission (1992) 25 NSWLR 715; (1992) 58 A Crim R 428 ................................................................................................................................................... CLP.1360 Tiknius v The Queen (2011) 221 A Crim R 365; [2011] NSWCCA 215 ............................................................ CLP.2680 Timbu Kolian v The Queen (1968) 119 CLR 47; 42 ALJR 295; [1968] HCA 66 ............................. CLP.120, CLP.1060 Timmings, Ex parte; Re Jones (1921) 38 WN (NSW) 41 ............................................................................... CA.527C.60 Tink v Francis [1983] 2 VR 17 ................................................................................................. CA.52A.120, CA.52AB.80 Tobin v City Bank (1878) 1 SCR (NSW) 267 .................................................................................................. CA.529.240 Tomarchio v Pocock [2002] WASCA 156 ........................................................................................................ LEPRA.9.40 Toronto City Corporation v The King [1932] AC 98 ......................................................................................... CA.555.40 Towers & Co Ltd v Gray [1961] 2 QB 351 ............................................................................................................ CA.7.80 Tracey, Re; Ex parte Ryan (1989) 166 CLR 518 ............................................................................................ CPA.156.160 Trade, Board of v Owen [1957] AC 602; [1957] 2 WLR 351; (1956) 41 Cr App R 11 ...................................... CLP.880 Trade, Board of v Owen [1957] AC 602; [1957] 2 WLR 351; [1957] 1 All ER 411 .... CA.176.120, CLP.660, CLP.700 Trade Practices Commission v Sun Alliance Australia Ltd [1994] ATPR 41-286 ........................................... SPA.10.120 Trainer v The King (1906) 4 CLR 126; [1906] HCA 50 .................. CA.117.20, CA.117.280, CA.117.340, CA.117.440 Tran v The Queen (2000) 105 FCR 182; (2000) 118 A Crim R 218; [2000] FCA 1888 ........... CPA.36.20, CPA.159.20, CPA.160.20 Tran v The Queen (2000) 105 FCR 182; 118 A Crim R 218; [2000] FCA 1888 ............................................... CLP.1780 Tran Nominess Pty Ltd v Scheffler (1986) 42 SASR 361 ............................................................................. LEPRA.76.40 Tregilgas v Howie [1926] SASR 122 .................................................................................................................. CPA.21.20 Trimboli v Onley (No 2) (1981) 56 FLR 317 .............................................................................................. LEPRA.48.120 Trimboli v Onley (No 3) (1981) 56 FLR 304; 37 ALR 38 ......................................................................... LEPRA.48.120 Tripodi v The Queen (1961) 104 CLR 1; 35 ALJR 72; [1961] HCA 22 .............................................................. CLP.780 Trobridge v Hardy (1955) 94 CLR 147 .......................................................................................................... LEPRA.99.60 Trobridge v Hardy (1955) 94 CLR 147; [1955] HCA 68 ...................................................................................... CLP.580 Trollope and Sons v London Building Trades Federation (1895) 11 TLR 280 .............................................. CA.545B.40 Truman (Frank) Export Ltd v Metropolitan Police Commissioner [1977] QB 952; (1977) 64 Cr App R 248 .................................................................................................................................................. LEPRA.48.80 Tuck v Robson [1970] 1 WLR 741; [1970] 1 All ER 1171 ........................................................... CA.346.80, CA.351.60 Tucker v Noblet [1924] SASR 326 .................................................................................................................... CPA.19.160 Tucs v Manley (1985) 62 ALJR 460 ................................................................................................................ CA.527C.40 Tully v The Queen (2006) 230 CLR 234; 167 A Crim R 192 .............................. CA.Pt3.Div10.640, CA.Pt3.Div10.660 Tunnicliffe v Tedd (1848) 5 CB 553; 136 ER 995 ......................................................................................... CPA.156.140 Turberville v Savage (1669) 1 Mod Rep 3; 86 ER 684 ................................................................. CA.61.120, CA.61.180

U UK Inland Revenue Commissioners v Rossminster Ltd [1980] AC 952 ...................................................... LEPRA.48.40 Ugle v The Queen (2002) 211 CLR 171; 76 ALJR 886; [2002] HCA 25 .................... CA.19A.140, CA.Pt3.Div10.320, CA.Pt3.Div10.380 Underhill v Murden (2007) 173 A Crim R 336 ............................................................................................... DPVA.57.20 United States v Dixon 509 VS 688 (1993) ........................................................................................................ CPA.156.80

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United States Tobacco Co v Minister for Consumer Affairs (1988) 20 FCR 520 ............................................. CPA.36.20 United Telecasters Sydney v Hardy (1991) 23 NSWLR 323 ............................................................................. CA.578.20

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V Vallance v The Queen (1961) 108 CLR 56 .......... CA.4A.20, CA.4A.40, CA.19A.520, CA.5.80, CA.27.80, CA.61.140, CLP.80, CLP.120, CLP.300, CLP.1060, CLP.1280, CLP.1400, CLP.1500 Van Beelen’s Petition, Re (1974) 9 SASR 163 ................................................................................................. CPA.62.100 Van Den Berg v The Queen [1984] WAR 162; 12 A Crim R 113 ..................................................................... CA.97.120 Van Den Hoek v The Queen (1986) 161 CLR 158; 23 A Crim R 98; [1986] HCA 76 .................. CA.23.20, CA.23.60, CA.23.120, CA.24.160, CA.423.140, CLP.2280 Van Der Meer v The Queen (1988) 62 ALJR 656; 35 A Crim R 232; [1988] HCA 56 .......... CA.33.160, LEPRA.99.40 Van Rassel and Cummings, Re (1986) 31 CCC (3d) 10 ................................................................................ CPA.156.160 Van der Lubbe, Re (1949) 49 SR (NSW) 309; 66 WN (NSW) 140 ............................................................... CA.545B.40 Vardy, Ex parte (1875) Addison’s Digest (1907) 349 ............................................................................................. CA.8.20 Varley v The Queen (1976) 51 ALJR 243 ........................................................... CA.19A.100, CA.19A.600, CPA.162.60 Varney v Kowald (1976) 14 SASR 12 .............................................................................................................. CA.547C.80 Vaughan v McKenzie [1969] 1 QB 557 .............................................................................................................. CA.61.180 Veen v The Queen (1979) 143 CLR 458; 53 ALJR 305; [1979] HCA 7 ......................................................... CA.23A.60 Veen v The Queen (No 2) (1988) 164 CLR 465; 33 A Crim R 230 .......................................... CA.23A.60, SPA.21A.20 Velevski v The Queen (2002) 76 ALJR 22; [2002] HCA 4 ................................................................................... CLP.580 Vella v Director of Public Prosecutions (2005) 156 A Crim R 113; [2005] NSWSC 897 ............... CA.60.20, CA.60.80 Verdon v The Queen (1987) 30 A Crim R 388 ............................................................................................... CA.61HA.40 Verran v Roberts [1938] SASR 256 ..................................................................................................................... SPA.10.80 Verrier v Director of Public Prosecutions [1967] 2 AC 195; [1966] 3 WLR 924; (1966) 50 Cr App R 315 .......................................................................................................................................................... CLP.680 Vickers v The Queen (2006) 160 A Crim R 195 .............................................................................................. CPA.289.20 Victims Compensation Fund Corporation v GM (2004) 60 NSWLR 310; 148 A Crim R 301; [2004] NSWCA 185 ............. CA.51A.120, CA.35.100, CA.39.100, CA.48.100, CA.53.100, CA.59.100, CA.60.160 Vilmont v Bentley (1886) 18 QBD 322 .............................................................................................................. CA.438.20 Viro v The Queen (1978) 141 CLR 88; 52 ALJR 418; [1978] HCA 9 ............................................................... CLP.2260 Viro v The Queen (1978) 141 CLR 88; 52 ALJR 418; 18 ALR 257 .................. CA.19A.520, CA.428I.20, CA.428I.40, CA.27.100, CA.423.40, CA.423.60, CA.423.100, CA.423.120, CA.423.140, CLP.1180, CPA.150.240 Von Lieven v Stewart (1990) 21 NSWLR 52 ..................................................................................... CLP.1380, CLP.1480 Von Starck v The Queen [2000] 1 WLR 1270 .................................................................................................. CPA.162.60 Voth v Manildra Flour Mills Pty Ltd (1990) 171 CLR 538 ............................................................................. CPA.19.160

W W A Pines Pty Ltd v Bannerman (1980) 41 FLR 175 .................................................................................... LEPRA.9.20 WW v The Queen [2012] NSWCCA 165 ...................................................................................................... CA.52AB.160 Wai Yu-Tsang v The Queen [1992] 1 AC 269; [1991] 3 WLR 1006; [1991] 4 All ER 664 ................................ CLP.800 Wakeley v The Queen (1990) 64 ALJR 321 ....................................................................................................... CPA.36.20 Walden v Hensler (1987) 163 CLR 561; 61 ALJR; 29 A Crim R 85; [1987] HCA 54 ............. CA.94.240, CA.117.200, CA.194.20, CLP.1480, SPA.10.80 Walker v Crawshaw [1924] NZLR 93 ..................................................................................................................... CA.8.20 Walker v The Queen (1998) 101 A Crim R 152 ................................................................................................. CPA.36.20 Walker v Thompson (1896) 22 VLR 529 ......................................................................................................... CA.527A.80 Walker v West [1981] 2 NSWLR 570 .......................................................................................................... LEPRA.48.120 Wallace v Major [1946] KB 473; [1946] 2 All ER 87 .................................................................................... CA.52A.120 Wallis v Lane [1964] VR 293 .................................................................................... CA.94.100, CA.94.300, CA.117.140 Walsh v Loughnan [1991] 2 VR 351 ................................................................................................................ LEPRA.9.20 Walsh v Sainsbury (1925) 36 CLR 464; [1925] HCA 28 .................................................................. CA.45.120, CLP.960 Walsh v Tattersall (1996) 188 CLR 77; 70 ALJR 884; 88 A Crim R 496; 139 ALR 27; [1996] HCA 26 .................................................................................................................................. CPA.21.160, DMTA.25.80

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Walsh v Tattersall (1996) 188 CLR 77; 88 A Crim R 496; [1996] HCA 26 ....................................................... CA.60.20 Walters v Green [1899] 2 Ch 696 ..................................................................................................................... CA.545B.40 Walters v Lunt [1951] 2 All ER 645; (1951) 35 Cr App R 94 .................................. CA.117.420, CA.188.100, CLP.560 Walton v Gardiner (1993) 177 CLR 378 ................................................................ CPA.19.100, CPA.19.140, CPA.19.160 Walton v Salmon 10 Petty Sessions Review 4530 (unreported, NSW Sup Ct, 24 April 1992) ..................... CA.195.120 Walton v The Queen [1978] AC 788; [1977] 3 WLR 902; [1978] 1 All ER 542 .......................... CA.23A.60, CLP.1140 Walton, Ex parte (1885) 1 WN (NSW) 141 ...................................................................................................... CA.131.120 Wang v Farkas (2014) 85 NSWLR 390; [2014] NSWCA 29 ............................... CPA.211.20, CPA.213.60, CPA.215.20 Ward v Hodgkins [1957] VR 715 .................................................................................................................... CPA.156.140 Ward v Marsh [1959] VR 26; [1958] ALR 724 ................................................. CA.8.20, LEPRA.36A.20, LEPRA.26.20 Ward v The Queen [1972] WAR 36 ........................................................................................................................ CLP.120 Ward v The Queen (2007) 168 A Crim R 545; [2007] NSWCCA 22 ............................................................. SPA.21A.20 Ward, Lock & Co Ltd v The Operative Printers’ Assistants’ Society (1906) 22 TLR 327 ........................... CA.545B.40 Wark, Ex parte (1887) 3 WN (NSW) 125 ......................................................................................................... CA.131.120 Warner v Metropolitan Police Commissioner [1969] 2 AC 256; [1968] 2 WLR 1303; (1968) 52 Cr App R 373 ...................................................................... CA.7.80, CA.7.120, CA.61HA.100, CLP.1040, CLP.1280 Warner v Riddiford (1858) 4 CBNS 180; 140 ER 1052 ...................................................................................... CA.95.80 Wassef v The Queen [2011] VSCA 30 .......................................................................................................... CA.52AB.200 Waterford v Commonwealth (1987) 163 CLR 54 ........................................................................................ LEPRA.48.160 Watkins v Major (1875) LR 10 CP 662 ................................................................................................................ CLP.1480 Watkins v O’Shaughnessy [1939] 1 All ER 385 ....................................................................................................... CLP.80 Watson v AG (NSW) (1987) 8 NSWLR 685; 28 A Crim R 332 .......................... CPA.19.100, CPA.19.140, CPA.19.180 Watson v Clarke [1990] 1 NZLR 715 ............................................................................................................... CPA.19.180 Weare, Re [1893] 2 QB 439 ............................................................................................................................. CPA.156.160 Webb v Bloch (1928) 41 CLR 331 ...................................................................................... CA.192G.120, CA.178BB.160 Webb v The Queen (1994) 181 CLR 41; 68 ALJR 582; 73 A Crim R 258; 122 ALR 41 ........ CPA.21.80, CPA.21.120, CPA.21.320, CPA.21.400 Webley v Buxton [1977] QB 481 ................................................................................................................... CA.344A.140 Webster v McIntosh (1980) 3 A Crim R 455; [1980] FCA 128 .................................................................... LEPRA.99.60 Webster v Watts (1847) 11 QB 311 .................................................................................................................. LEPRA.9.40 Wee v Law Society of Singapore [1985] 1 WLR 362 .................................................................................... CPA.156.160 Weeks v Lahood (unreported, SC (NSW), 31 July 1992) ....................................................... CA.546C.60, CA.546C.100 Weissensteiner v The Queen (1993) 178 CLR 217; 68 A Crim R 251; [1993] HCA 65 ................................... CLP.2260 Weissensteiner v The Queen (1993) 178 CLR 217; 68 ALJR 23; 68 A Crim R 251 ............. CA.19A.100, CA.19A.160, CA.19A.420 Weisz v Monahan [1962] 1 All ER 664; [1962] 1 WLR 262 ............................................................................ SOA.16.40 Welham v Director of Public Prosecutions [1961] AC 103; [1960] 2 WLR 669; (1960) 44 Cr App R 124 ........................................................................................................................................................... CA.192E.120 Welham v Director of Public Prosecutions [1961] AC 103; (1960) 44 Cr App R 124 ........... CA.176A.80, CA.176.120, CA.178BA.120, CA.250.60, CLP.80 Wellington v Lake George Mines Pty Ltd (1961) 62 SR (NSW) 326; 79 WN (NSW) 74 ............................. CPA.159.20 Wells v Hopwood (1832) 3 B & A 20; 110 ER 8 ............................................................................................... CA.32.100 Welton v Taneborne (1908) 21 Cox CC 702 ..................................................................................................... CPA.19.160 Wemyss v Hopkins (1875) LR 10 QB 378 .............................................................................. CPA.156.180, CPA.156.220 Wennhak v Morgan (1888) 20 QBD 635 .......................................................................................................... CA.529.240 Wentworth v Rogers [1984] 2 NSWLR 422; 15 A Crim R 376 ............................... CPA.62.40, CPA.62.60, CPA.62.120 Wershof v Commissioner of Police [1978] 3 All ER 540; (1978) 68 Cr App R 82 ......................................... CA.58.160 Wesley-Smith v Balzary (1977) 14 ALR 681 ................................................................................................. CA.344A.140 West v Lawday (1865) 11 HLC 375 ............................................................................................................... LEPRA.76.20 West v Perrier [1962] QWN 5 ............................................................................................................................. CA.351.60 West v Suzuka [1964] WAR 112 ......................................................................................................................... CA.351.60 Western Australia v Dick (2006) 161 A Crim R 271; [2006] WASC 8 ............................................................. CA.35.120 Whan v McConaghy (1984) 153 CLR 631; 12 A Crim R 147 ........................................................................... SPA.70.20 Wheeler v Whiting (1840) 9 Car & P 262 ....................................................................................................... LEPRA.9.40

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Wheeley v Western Australia (2007) 173 A Crim R 436; [2007] WASCA 168 .................................................. CA.47.80 Whelan, Ex parte (1872) 11 SCR (NSW) 88 .......................................................................................................... CA.8.20 White v Cassidy (1979) 40 FLR 249 ................................................................................................................. CPA.19.160 White v Cubitt [1930] 1 KB 443 ............................................................................................................................. CA.8.20 White v Garden (1851) 10 CB 919 .................................................................................................................... CA.117.360 White v Ridley (1978) 140 CLR 342; 52 ALJR 724; [1978] HCA 38 ........................................... CA.19A.160, CLP.140 White v The King (1906) 4 CLR 152; [1906] HCA 53 ................................................................................... CA.319.140 White v Weller [1959] Qd R 192 ........................................................................................................................ CA.61.320 Whitehorn v The Queen (1983) 152 CLR 657; 9 A Crim R 107 ....................................................................... CPA.36.20 Whitehorn v The Queen (1983) 152 CLR 657; 9 A Crim R 107; [1983] HCA 42 ............................................ CLP.1800 Whitehorn Bros v Davison [1911] 1 KB 463 .............................................................................. CA.117.160, CA.117.360 Whitley v Stumbles [1930] AC 544 ...................................................................................................................... SOA.3.40 Whittaker v Campbell [1984] 1 QB 318; [1983] 3 WLR 676; (1983) 77 Cr App R 267 ............................. CA.154A.40 Whitten v Hall (1993) 29 NSWLR 680 ............................................................................................................. CPA.19.160 Wicks v DPP [1947] AC 362 ................................................................................................................................. CA.10.40 Wicks, Ex parte; Re Cameron (1935) 52 WN (NSW) 144 ................................................................................ SOA.15.40 Wiest v Director of Public Prosecutions (1988) 23 FCR 472; 38 A Crim R 358 ............................................. CPA.34.20 Wiffin v Kincard (1807) 2 Bos & PNR 471; 127 ER 713 ................................................................................. CA.61.180 Wightman v The Land Board of Canterbury District and Quirk (1912) 31 NZLR 799 ................................ CA.19A.540 Wilcox v Jeffery [1951] 1 All ER 464 ................................................................................................................. CA.345.80 Wilkins v Condell [1940] SASR 139 ........................................................................................................................ CLP.80 Wilkinson v Banking Corporation [1948] 1 KB 721 ............................................................................................ CA.10.40 Willgoss v The Queen (1960) 105 CLR 295; 33 ALJR 510; [1960] HCA 5 .................. CLP.280, CLP.1080, CLP.1100, CLP.1120, CLP.1160 Williams v DPP [1991] 3 All ER 651 ............................................................................................................. CPA.156.140 Williams v Director of Public Prosecutions (2011) 210 A Crim R 554; [2011] 1085 ............................... LEPRA.99.140 Williams v Douglas (1949) 78 CLR 521; [1949] HCA 40 ............................................................... CA.7.80, DMTA.7.40 Williams v Morrison (1982) 59 FLR 473 ........................................................................................................ CPA.156.160 Williams v Osborne (1975) 61 Cr App R 1 ...................................................................................................... CA.316.200 Williams v Phillips (1957) 41 Cr App R 5 ........................................................................................................ CA.117.260 Williams v Spautz (1992) 174 CLR 509; 61 A Crim R 431; [1992] HCA 34 ...... CPA.19.80, CPA.19.100, CPA.19.140, CPA.19.160, CPA.66.40 Williams v The Queen (1978) 140 CLR 591; 53 ALJR 101; [1978] HCA 49 .............................. CA.7.120, DMTA.7.40 Williams v The Queen (1986) 161 CLR 278; 28 A Crim R 1; [1986] HCA 88 ..................... CA.58.280, LEPRA.99.60, LEPRA.99.140 Williams v The Queen (1996) 17 WAR 17; 90 A Crim R 200 ........................................................................... SPA.10.80 Williams v The Queen (2006) 160 A Crim R 151; [2006] NSWCCA 26 ......................................................... CA.86.100 Williams v The Queen [2012] NSWCCA 286 ................................................................................................. CA.52AB.80 Williams; Ex parte Minister for Justice and A-G [1965] Qd R 86 ................................................................. CA.344A.60 Williamson v Freer (1874) LR 9 CP 393 .......................................................................................................... CA.529.240 Willis v Burnes (1921) 29 CLR 511 ........................................................................................ CA.527C.40, CA.527C.140 Willmott v Atack [1977] QB 498; [1976] 3 WLR 753; 3 All ER 794; (1976) 63 Cr App R 207 ............... CA.546C.60, CA.58.160 Wills v The Queen (2007) 173 A Crim R 208; [2007] NSWCCA 160 ................................................................. CLP.580 Wilson v Buttery [1926] SASR 150 .................................................................................................................... CPA.62.40 Wilson v Dobra (1955) 57 WALR 95 .................................................................................................................. CA.351.60 Wilson v Kuhl [1979] VR 315 ......................................................................................................... CA.61.120, CA.97.120 Wilson v Pringle [1987] 1 QB 237 .................................................................................................. CA.61.100, CA.61.140 Wilson v Skeock (1949) 65 TLR 418 .................................................................................................................. CA.547.20 Wilson v The Queen (1970) 123 CLR 334; 44 ALJR 221; [1970] HCA 17 ............. CA.19A.60, CA.19A.520, CLP.120 Wilson v The Queen (1992) 174 CLR 313; 66 ALJR 517; 61 A Crim R 63; 107 ALR 257 .......... CA.4.160, CA.24.20, CA.24.60, CA.24.80, CA.24.120, CA.24.140, CA.24.200, CA.24.240, CA.39.120, CA.54.100, CLP.120, CLP.1300 Wilson, Ex parte (1903) 20 WN (NSW) 71 .................................................................................... CA.502.20, CA.502.60 Wilson’s Case (1856) Dears & Bell 127 ............................................................................................................. CA.346.80

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TABLE OF CASES

Wiltshire v Barrett [1966] 1 QB 312; [1965] 2 WLR 1195; [1965] 2 All ER 271 ......... LEPRA.99.100, LEPRA.99.160 Wimble v Foulsham [1908] VLR 98 ................................................................................................................. CA.131.120 Windsor, Ex parte (1865) 10 Cox CC 118 .......................................................................................................... CA.250.40 Winkle v Wiltshire [1951] 1 KB 684 .................................................................................................................. CA.417.20 Winter v Woolfe [1931] 1 KB 549 ...................................................................................................................... SOA.15.40 Wise v Dunning [1902] 1 KB 167 .................................................................................................................... LEPRA.9.40 Wiseman v Borneman [1971] AC 297; [1969] 3 WLR 706; [1969] 3 All ER 275 .......................................... CPA.66.40 Wolverton UDC v Willis [1962] 1 WLR 205; [1962] 1 All ER 243 ................................................................... SOA.6.40 Wong Pooh Yin alias Kwang Sin alias Kar Sin v Public Prosecutor [1955] AC 93 ......................................... CA.417.20 Wooby, Ex parte; Re Robinson (1937) 54 WN (NSW) 85 ............................................................................ CA.546B.120 Wood v Commissioner of Police of the Metropolis [1986] 1 WLR 796; [1986] 2 All ER 570; (1986) 83 Cr App R 145 .................................................................................................................................. CA.4.200 Wood v Galea (1996) 84 A Crim R 274 ............................................................................................................. SPA.Pt1.20 Wood v Galea (1997) 92 A Crim R 287 ............................................................................................................... CLP.2680 Wood v The Queen (2012) 84 NSWLR 581; [2012] NSWCCA 21 ...................................................................... CLP.580 Woodbridge v The Queen (2010) 208 A Crim R 503; [2010] NSWCCA 185 .................................................... CLP.2260 Wooding v Oxley (1839) 9 Car & P 1 ............................................................................................................. LEPRA.9.40 Woodley v Boyd [2001] NSWCA 35 .................................................................................. LEPRA.99.40, LEPRA.99.140 Woods v Lindsay [1910] SC (J) 88 ......................................................................................................................... CA.8.20 Woods v Rogers; Ex parte Woods sub nom R v Rogers [1983] 2 Qd R 212; (1983) 9 A Crim R 209 ................................................................................................................................................................... CPA.36.20 Woodward v Koessler [1958] 1 WLR 1255; 3 All ER 557 ................................................................................ CA.97.120 Woodworth v The State (1881) 20 Tex App 375 .................................................................................................... CLP.720 Woolley v Bomford [1969] Tas SR 127 ......................................................................................................... CA.527C.140 Woolley v Fitzgerald [1969] Tas SR 65 .............................................................................................................. CA.61.160 Woolmington v DPP [1935] AC 462; (1936) 25 Cr App R 72 ................................................ CA.19A.120, CA.19A.140 Woolmington v Director of Public Prosecutions [1935] AC 462; (1936) 25 Cr App R 72 .................. CLP.40, CLP.160, CLP.300, CLP.360, CLP.1140, CLP.1360, CLP.1440, CLP.1540, CLP.2240 Wootton v Sievier [1913] 3 KB 499 ................................................................................................................... SOA.13.20 Wormsley v Aitken (unreported, SC (NSW), 16 March 1990); 10 Petty Sessions Review 4074 .................. CA.546C.60 Wornes v Rankmore [1976] Qd R 85 .................................................................................................................. CA.33.160 Wrigglesworth v The Queen (1987) 37 CCC (3d) 385 ................................................................................... CPA.156.160 Wright v Morton (1997) 95 A Crim R 125 ........................................................................................................... CLP.1520 Wright v Nicholson (1970) 54 Cr App R 38 ..................................................................................................... CPA.150.40 Wunsch v SA Police (1995) 80 A Crim R 562 ............................................................................ CPA.19.100, CPA.19.160

Y Yager v The Queen (1977) 139 CLR 28; 51 ALJR 367 .................................................................................. CA.19A.660 Yates v Wilson (1989) 22 FCR 397; 40 A Crim R 113 .................................................................................... CA.316.180 Yeates v Hoare [1981] VR 1034 .............................................................................................................................. CA.7.80 Yeldham v Rajski (1989) 18 NSWLR 48; (1989) 45 A Crim R 1 .................................................... CA.338.20, CLP.660 Yeo v Capper [1964] SASR 1 ................................................................................................... CA.527C.60, CA.527C.100 Yip Chiu-Cheung v The Queen [1995] 1 AC 111; [1994] 3 WLR 514; [1994] 2 All ER 924 ............................ CLP.760 Yorke v Lucas (1985) 158 CLR 661; 59 ALJR 776; [1985] HCA 65 .............................................. CA.19A.200, CLP.80 Young v Bryan [1962] Tas SR 323 ..................................................................................................................... CA.93X.80 Young v Cassells (1914) 33 NZLR 852 ....................................................................... CA.61N.80, CA.546C.60, CLP.960 Young v Owen (1972) 19 FLR 70 .................................................................................................................... CA.546C.60 Young v Peck (1912) 23 Cox CC 270 .............................................................................................................. CA.545B.40

Z Zanetti, Re (1985) 16 A Crim R 126 ................................................................................................................... CPA.19.40 Zanker v Vartzokas (1988) 34 A Crim R 11 ....................................................................................................... CA.61.120

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Zaravinos v New South Wales (2004) 62 NSWLR 58; 151 A Crim R 24; [2004] NSWCA 320 .............. LEPRA.99.60, LEPRA.99.140 Zecevic v Director of Public Prosecutions (Vic) (1987) 162 CLR 645; (1987) 25 A Crim R 163; [1987] HCA 26 ............... CA.19A.120, CA.423.40, CA.423.60, CA.423.80, CA.423.100, CA.423.120, CA.423.140 Zecevic v Director of Public Prosecutions (Vic) (1987) 162 CLR 645; 25 A Crim R 163; [1987] HCA 26 ........................................................................................................................................... CLP.2240, CLP.2260 Zickar v MGH Plastic Industries Pty Ltd (1996) 187 CLR 310; 71 ALJR 32; [1996] HCA 31 ...................... CA.60.120 Zierenberg v Labouchere [1893] 2 QB 183 ........................................................................................................ SOA.13.20 Zoneff v The Queen (2000) 200 CLR 234; 112 A Crim R 114 ..................................................................... CPA.150.120

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DIRECTORY Criminal Liability Principles

Quick Reference Crimes Act 1900

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This directory should be used to locate material in New South Wales Criminal Law Handbook 2017. To use the directory, place the right thumb on the outer edge of this page against the required subject area. Then fold back the remaining page edges to align the directory edge mark with the corresponding page edge mark.

Crimes Regulation 2015

Crimes (Domestic and Personal Violence) Act 2007

Crimes (Criminal Organisations Control ) Act 2012

Drug Misuse and Trafficking Act 1985

Summary Offences Act 1988 (Extracts)

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Summary Offences Regulation 2015

Law

Enforcement (Powers Responsibilities) Act 2002

and

Bail Act 2013

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Bail Regulation 2014

Criminal Procedure Act 1986

Crimes (Sentencing Procedure) Act 1999

Index

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CLP

CRIMINAL LIABILITY PRINCIPLES [CLP.20]

Introduction

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This section deals with some principles of criminal liability which are not specifically relevant to a particular Act but which are matters of general application. Subjects are dealt with as follows: Criminal • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

liability, capacity and related matters Criminal liability – an overview [CLP.40]. Criminal Defences [CLP.60]. Meaning of particular terms in statutes: [CLP.80]. Accident: [CLP.120]. Actus reus: [CLP.140]. Actus reus – voluntariness: [CLP.160]. Aliens: [CLP.180]. Automatism and involuntary acts: [CLP.200]. Causation – general principles: [CLP.380]. Novus actus interveniens: [CLP.540]. Children and infants: [CLP.560]. Conspiracy: [1.265] Proof of conspiracy: [CLP.780] Types of conspiracy: [CLP.800] Corporations: [CLP.840]. Duress: [CLP.860]. Incitement: [CLP.880]. Indictment/charge: [CLP.900]. Jurisdiction, penalty and cross references: [CLP.920]. Elements of incitement: [CLP.940]. Element (1) Incitement to commit an offence – actus reus: [CLP.960]. Element (2) Mens rea of incitement: [1.310.120]. Insanity or mental illness: [CLP.1020]. Intoxication: [CLP.1180]. Irresistible impulse: [CLP.1200]. Marital coercion: [CLP.1220]. Mens rea, strict liability and intent: [CLP.1240]. Mens rea – the requirement of a guilty mind: [CLP.1260] Presumption that mens rea must be proved: [CLP.1280] The various forms of mens rea: [CLP.1300] Coincidence with the actus reus and partial mens rea: [CLP.1320] Mens rea – abnormal and particular mental states: [CLP.1340] Mens rea and strict and absolute liability offences: [CLP.1360] Mens rea – “defence” of honest and reasonable mistake of fact: [CLP.1380] Intention: [CLP.1400] Necessity: [CLP.1420]

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Criminal Liability Principles • • • • •

[CLP.20]

Accomplices: [CLP.100] Claim of right: [CLP.600] Common purpose: [CLP.620] Complicity: [CLP.640] Joint criminal enterprise: [CLP.1000].

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Proof of criminal liability • Burden and standard of proof: [CLP.360]. • Beyond reasonable doubt – jury direction: [CLP.480]. • Circumstantial evidence: [CLP.580]. • Presumption of innocence: [CLP.1440]. • Presumption of regularity: [CLP.1460]. • Presumption of knowledge of law: [CLP.1480]. • Presumption that natural consequences intended: [CLP.1500]. • Presumption of continuance: [CLP.1520]. • Presumption of sanity: [CLP.1540]. • Presumption of death: [CLP.1560]. • Wife acting under husband’s coercion: [CLP.1580]. Trial process • Arrest, charge and committal: [CLP.1600]. • The finding of a bill of indictment: [CLP.1640]. • Case management provisions and listing for trial: [CLP.1660]. • Trial by jury and judge alone trial: [CLP.1680]. • Pre-trial applications: [CLP.1700]. • Arraignment of the accused before a jury panel: [CLP.1720]. • Jury empanelment: [CLP.1740]. • Judge’s introductory remarks: [CLP.1760]. • Crown and defence opening addresses: [CLP.1780]. • Presentation of the prosecution case: [CLP.1800]. • Closing of the Crown case: [CLP.1820]. • Defence case: [CLP.1840]. • Closing addresses: [CLP.1860]. • Trial judge’s summing up: [CLP.1880]. • Retirement and deliberation of the jury: [CLP.1900]. • Return of the jury and the taking of the verdict: [CLP.1920]. Exculpations from criminal liability • Criminal defences: [CLP.2100] • Defences of lack of understanding and capacity: [CLP.2120] • Defences involving lack of intent: [CLP.2140] • Defences involving questions of voluntariness or compulsion to act: [CLP.2160] • Partial defences to murder: [CLP.2180] • Special pleas and related matters: [CLP.2200] • Situations that do not give rise to a legal defence: [CLP.2220] • Prosecution must usually disprove defence: [CLP.2240] • Evidentiary onus, threshold required: [CLP.2260] • Trial judge’s duty to direct on available defences not sought by the defence: [CLP.2280]

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[CLP.40]

Criminal liability – an overview

What is a crime? A primary feature of criminal liability is the liability to punishment whether by way of imprisonment or a fine or even, for example, loss of a driver’s licence. Because of the diversity of acts or omissions that may lead to punishment of some kind, there is no generally accepted definition of what a crime is. In Proprietary Articles Trade Association v Attorney-General for Canada [1931] AC 310 at 324, Lord Atkin said: … the domain of criminal jurisprudence can only be ascertained by examining what acts at any particular period are declared by the State to be crimes, and the only common nature they will be found to possess is that they are prohibited by the State and that those who commit them are punished. There was at common law and in New South Wales until 1999, a distinction drawn between felonies and misdemeanours, see [CA.9.20]–[CA.10.40]. An older description of a crime is this: A crime or misdemesnor [sic] is an act committed, or omitted, in violation of a public law either forbidding or commanding it. This general definition comprehends both crimes and misdemesnors which, properly speaking, are mere synonymous terms; though, in common usage, the word “crimes” is made to denote such offences are of a deeper and more atrocious dye; while smaller faults and omissions of less consequence are comprised under the gentler names of “misdemesnors” only.1

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Liability for punishment is common to a whole range of acts and omissions broadly categorised as criminal. Some acts or omissions are “truly criminal” in character: see He Kaw Teh v The Queen (1985) 157 CLR 523; 59 ALJR 620; 15 A Crim R 203 at 533 (CLR); 209 (A Crim R) per Gibbs CJ. Many serious statutory offences or offences defined by statute were originally crimes at common law. Other acts or omissions, statutory offences of a regulatory kind, are not criminal in any real sense, but are acts which are prohibited under a penalty in the public interest. Categories of offences – offences are generally classified into three categories, that is: 1. serious offences requiring proof not only of an actus reus, but also of mens rea (a guilty mind), see [CLP.1260] and following; 2. statutory offences where the prosecution needs only to prove the actus reus, leaving it open to the accused to avoid liability if an honest and reasonable mistake of fact can be shown, see [CLP.1360], [CLP.1380]; and 3. statutory offences of absolute liability, again where the prosecution needs only to prove the actus reus, but where it is not open to the accused to exculpate himself by showing that he was free of fault, see [CLP.1360]. Requirements for criminal liability – concerning a truly criminal charge, for criminal liability to be incurred, there must be (within the jurisdiction of the criminal law of New South Wales): 1. a prohibited act or omission (actus reus); 2. coinciding with a wrongful (guilty) state of mind (mens rea); 3. by a person of legal capacity or a corporation; 4. in the absence of a defence, excuse or justification for that act or omission; 5. where there is any issue of identification, proof beyond reasonable doubt that the person charged was the person responsible. New South Wales criminal jurisdiction – the geographical jurisdiction of the criminal law of New South Wales is governed by Pt 1A of the Crimes Act 1900. As to the application of laws of the State to the coastal waters of the State and airspace above those waters, see Pt 10 of the Interpretation Act 1987 at [6.26860]ff. Prohibited act or omission – this is known as the actus reus or conduct element. For detailed commentary on actus reus, see [CLP.140]–[CLP.160]. Such an act must be a voluntary act, see [CLP.160]. The prosecution bears the onus of proving that an accused’s act was voluntary; but in the absence of some contrary evidence, it is presumed that an act done by a person who is apparently conscious is a voluntary act, see [CLP.160] Actus reus – voluntariness.

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CLP

[CLP.40]

Criminal Liability Principles

Criminal Liability Principles

[CLP.40]

Inchoate offences – criminal liability may be incurred even when the contemplated crime has not yet been committed. These so called “inchoate” crimes are conspiracy [CLP.780], attempt s 34AA of the Crimes Act 1900 and incitement [CLO.660]. Criminal liability for the actions of others – an accused may be criminally liable for the actions of another or others through the doctrine of common purpose (or joint criminal enterprise as it is often called) or extended common purpose, see [CA.19A.200]. An accused may also be liable as an accessory before the fact of a crime or as an accessory after the fact of a crime, see [CA.19A.200] and ss 345–351B of the Crimes Act 1900. Wrongful state of mind – for offences of a truly criminal character (by comparison to regulatory type offences), there is a presumption that an element of such an offence is a wrongful (guilty) state of mind. This is known as mens rea or the fault element. Intention is not the only form of mens rea. Mens rea may consist also of recklessness, knowledge and sometimes negligence, see [CLP.1300]. Particular statutory offences may specify other fault elements such as causing, permitting or possessing. Some statutory offences (called strict liability offences) presume mens rea in the absence of evidence of an honest and reasonable mistake of fact, see [CLP.1360], [CLP.1380]. Other statutory offences create absolute liability, where mens rea plays no part, see [CLP.1360].

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Ignorance of the law – the requirement of a wrongful state of mind does not require that the prosecution prove that the accused knew that his act or omission constituted an offence. Ignorance of the law will not excuse an offence: the many authorities include Evans v Bartlam [1937] AC 473; [1937] 2 All ER 646 at 479 (AC); R v Turnbull (1943) 44 SR (NSW) 108; 61 WN (NSW) 70; Johnson v Youden [1950] 1 KB 544; [1950] 1 All ER 300 at 546 (KB); Ostrowski v Palmer (2004) 218 CLR 493; (2004) 78 ALJR 957; [2004] HCA 30 at [1] per Gleeson CJ and Kirby J. Mental illness – an accused’s sanity is presumed by law, see [CLP.1140] and [CLP.1540]. There is a defence of mental illness based upon a lack of moral blame arising from an intellectual failure of understanding (but not through an emotional inability to control actions), see [CLP.1020]–[CLP.1160]. An accused who seeks to establish mental illness to avoid criminal responsibility bears the legal onus of proving mental illness on the balance of probabilities, see [CLP.1140]. Children – it is conclusively presumed that no child under the age of 10 years can be guilty of an offence, see [CLP.560]. A child between the ages of 10 and 14 is presumed to be incapable of crime (doli incapax) but this presumption may be rebutted by evidence that the child knew that what he or she was doing was wrong, see [CLP.560]. Corporations – criminal offences may be committed by corporations as well as by individuals, see [CLP.840]. Absence of a defence, excuse or justification – there are various defences or excuses or justifications, some of which entitle an accused to a verdict of not guilty or, in the case of mental illness, to a verdict of not guilty by reason of mental illness, [CLP.1060]. These are the defences etc of mental illness [CLP.1020], automatism [CLP.200] and the “self-help” defences of self-defence s 418 of the Crimes Act 1900 , duress [CLP.860] and necessity [CLP.1420]. Others, being the defences of provocation [2.1890] and substantial impairment by abnormality of mind (formerly diminished responsibility) s 23A of the Crimes Act 1900 , together with infanticide [2.1830], can operate as partial defences where murder is charged so as to reduce that charge to manslaughter (or infanticide if applicable). With statutory offences, sometimes legislation creating the offence itself provides a defence (for example s 29 of the Drug Misuse and Traffıcking Act 1985, possession of more than the traffickable quantity of a prohibited drug otherwise than for supply – [DMTA.29.40]). With statutory offences which do not involve proof of mens rea, honest and reasonable mistake of fact may be a defence, [CLP.1380]. Intoxication, of itself, is not a defence, see sub-heading Intoxication. Defences and burden and standard of proof – a person accused of a crime has the presumption of innocence, see [CLP.1440]. Apart from mental illness, the prosecution bears the legal burden of proof in a criminal trial: Woolmington v Director of Public Prosecutions [1935] AC 462; (1936) 25 Cr App R 72

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Criminal Liability Principles

(HL), [CLP.360]. However, an accused can bear an evidentiary onus to point to some evidence capable of raising some defence, excuse or justification before the prosecution is obliged to negative that issue beyond reasonable doubt: R v Youssef (1990) 50 A Crim R 1 (NSW CCA), [CLP.360]. Any issue to be proved by the prosecution must be proved beyond reasonable doubt, see [CLP.360]. Where an accused bears a legal burden of proof, this needs only to be proved on the balance of probabilities, see s 141(2) of the Evidence Act 1995. Intoxication – voluntary intoxication by alcohol or drugs is not a defence as such. Intoxication is governed by Pt 11A of the Crimes Act 1990. Part 11A makes a distinction between offences of specific intent and other offences. By s 428C, intoxication may be taken into account in determining whether the accused had the specific intent necessary for an offence of specific intent. Otherwise, if the intoxication was self-induced, it cannot be taken into account, s 428D. By s 428G, self-induced intoxication cannot be taken into account in determining whether an accused’s conduct was voluntary. Although where relevant, the prosecution bears the legal onus of eliminating an issue of intoxication. An accused who wishes to rely on intoxication as a defence bears an evidentiary onus to raise or point to evidence that there is a reasonable possibility that intoxication affected his ability to form the necessary specific intent: R v Stokes (1990) 51 A Crim R 25 (NSW CCA), [CA.428I.40]. Identification – where an issue of identification arises, the trial judge must give special directions to the jury. The issue of identification is dealt with in Pt 3.9 of the Evidence Act 1995, see [6.11880] and following. 1 Blackstone’s Commentaries (5th ed, 1776) Vol 1, p 5, quoted in Stroud’s Judicial Dictionary, 3rd ed, 1952.

[CLP.60]

Criminal Defences

See Exculpations from criminal liability at [1.1300].

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[CLP.80]

Meaning of particular terms in statutes

This section considers the meaning of, or provides cross-references to, the meaning of the following frequently used expressions in sections creating criminal offences: Allow(s) Attempt(s) Cause(s) Custody, lawful Dishonestly Excuse Fraudulently Knowingly Knowingly concerned Knowingly permit Lawful custody Lawful excuse Maliciously Permit(s) Possess, possession Reasonable Reasonable cause Reasonable excuse Reasonably suspects (or reasonable suspicion) Recklessly Suffers Suffers or permits

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CLP

[CLP.80]

Criminal Liability Principles

[CLP.80]

Unlawful, unlawfully Wilfully “Allow(s)” Ordinarily speaking, before a person can be said to “allow” anything, there must be something in the nature of actual knowledge or connivance, or in some cases, extensive delegation of authority in circumstances where the person alleged to have allowed the thing has delegated his power to prevent it from being done.1 The question of when a person who delegates to another can be said to have “allowed” an act or omission by the other has been considered.2“Allow” may mean negligently permit.3“The word ‘allow’ involves the concept of knowingly permitting or suffering [a] state of affairs to exist, and an owner could not be said to allow something to happen when he did not know in fact that it was happening or had happened or was likely to happen.”4 Other cases have considered the meaning of “allow”.5 For authorities in relation to owners or occupiers of premises “allowing” things therein, see [20.65802]. The prosecution must prove the mental element implied in “allows”.6 Provisions proscribing the “allowing” of things often use the term “shall not suffer or permit”, as to which see “Suffers or permits” below. General note: With terms used in penal provisions, it is the context in which a term is used which governs its meaning. Judicial statements as to the meaning to be given to a term in a particular context may not necessarily apply to every context in which the term is used. “Attempt(s)” See s 344A and [CA.344A.20]–[CA.344A.140].

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“Cause(s)” Used in penal provisions, “causes” may operate in two ways. More commonly, the accused causes some other person to act in a way which is proscribed.7 Less commonly, the accused may bring about a proscribed outcome without the involvement of anyone else.8 As to the former, where it was an offence to cause certain goods to be offered for sale, it was held that one person does not, within the meaning of the provision, “cause” another to do the prohibited act. The exception is where he or she contemplates or desires that it will ensue and it is done on his or her actual authority, express or implied, or in consequence of him or her exerting some capacity which he or she possesses in fact or law to control or influence the acts of the other.9 The word “cause” contemplates a direction for something to be done, or at all events some active influencing agency, and not mere permission.10 In cases of this kind, it has been held that the offence of causing an unlawful act requires proof of mens rea in the form of knowledge of facts by the accused rendering the act of the other party unlawful.11 The general law requirement in “causing” cases is that knowledge is necessary.12 The prosecution must prove the mental element.13 In the latter case, ie where an accused is connected with a proscribed outcome without directing or involving anyone else, the courts have put more emphasis on the outcome itself and less on the intention which preceded it. Alphacell Ltd v Woodward [1972] AC 824; [1972] 2 WLR 1320; [1972] 2 All ER 475 was an environmental prosecution where it was held that a person who “causes or knowingly permits” any poisonous etc matter to enter a stream commits an offence. The defendants had installed equipment at their works to prevent water overflowing into a river. The equipment had never given trouble and was regularly inspected. A pump became blocked without the defendants’ negligence and, without their knowledge, pollutants flowed into a river. Lord Wilberforce (at 834) said that “caused” should be given a common sense meaning. Similarly, Lord Salmon expressed the view (at 847) that what or who has caused a certain event to occur is essentially a practical question of fact which can best be answered by ordinary common sense rather than by abstract metaphysical theory. Lord Salmon (at 847) said:

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New South Wales Criminal Law Handbook 2017

Criminal Liability Principles

… [i]f they did not cause it, what did? There was no intervening act of a third party nor was there any act of God to which it could be attributed. … It seems plain to me that the appellants caused the pollution by the active operation of their plant. They certainly did not intend to cause pollution but they intended to do the acts which caused it. Viscount Dilhorne said (at 839–840): … what, then, is meant by the word “caused” in the subsection? If a man, intending to secure a particular result, does an act which brings that about, he causes that result. If he deliberately and intentionally does certain acts of which the natural consequence is that certain results ensue, may he not also be said to have caused those results even though they may not have been intended by him? I think he can, just as he can be said to cause the result