New South Wales Civil Procedure Handbook 2018. [(2019 Edition)]
 9780455500881, 0455500886

Citation preview

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

Thomson Reuters (Professional) Australia Limited 19 Harris Street PYRMONT NSW 2009 Tel: (02) 8587 7000 Fax: (02) 8587 7100 [email protected] www.thomsonreuters.com.au For all customer inquiries please ring 1300 304 195 (for calls within Australia only) INTERNATIONAL AGENTS & DISTRIBUTORS NORTH AMERICA Thomson Reuters Eagan United States of America

ASIA PACIFIC Thomson Reuters Sydney Australia

LATIN AMERICA Thomson Reuters São Paulo Brazil

EUROPE Thomson Reuters London United Kingdom

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019 General Editors

The Hon John P HAMILTON QC Former Judge of the Supreme Court of New South Wales and

The Hon Justice Geoff LINDSAY Judge of the Supreme Court of New South Wales and

Michael MORAHAN OAM Acting Local Court Magistrate and

Carol WEBSTER SC Senior Counsel, New South Wales Bar

Lawbook Co.

2019

Published in Sydney by Thomson Reuters (Professional) Australia Limited Level 6, 19 Harris Street, Pyrmont, NSW 2009 First edition ...........................................................................................2011 Second edition ......................................................................................2012 Third edition .........................................................................................2013 Fourth edition .......................................................................................2014 Fifth edition ..........................................................................................2015 Sixth edition .........................................................................................2016 Seventh edition .....................................................................................2017 Eighth edition .......................................................................................2018 Ninth edition .........................................................................................2019 National Library of Australia A catalogue record for this book is available from the National Library of Australia New South Wales Civil Procedure Handbook 2019 John P. Hamilton, Geoff Lindsay, Michael Morahan and Carol Webster Ninth edition ISBN: 978-0-455-500881 Civil procedure--New South Wales. 2. Court rules--New South Wales. 3. Civil law--New South Wales

© 2019 Thomson Reuters (Professional) Australia Limited This publication is copyright. Other than for the purposes of and subject to the conditions prescribed under the Copyright Act 1968, no part of it may in any form or by any means (electronic, mechanical, microcopying, photocopying, recording or otherwise) be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted without prior written permission. Inquiries should be addressed to the publishers. Copyright of NSW legislative material: Copyright continues to reside in the State of NSW. Project Editors: Rimmika Shankar, Rahul Vaddi Editorial and Production Team: Angela Bandiera, Matthew Fraser, Vanessa Schlenert Product Developer: Catherine Fitzgerald Index: Puddingburn

This book has been printed on paper certified by the Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification (PEFC). PEFC is committed to sustainable forest management through third party forest certification of responsibly managed forests. For more info: www.pefc.org

PREFACE This is the ninth edition of the New South Wales Civil Procedure Handbook, published annually since 2011. The fifth edition in 2015 provided an opportunity to reflect on not only the tenth anniversary of the Civil Procedure legislation, but also the twentieth anniversary of the Evidence Act 1995 (NSW). 15 August 2015 marked the tenth anniversary of the commencement of the Civil Procedure Act 2005 (NSW) (CPA) and the Uniform Civil Procedure Rules (NSW), which was a landmark in the history of civil procedure in New South Wales. The CPA and the Evidence Act 1995 (NSW) each marked a substantial change in approach to the laws vitally important to the conduct of litigation in NSW Courts. The intention of the Civil Procedure legislation was to provide a common set of procedures for those State courts hearing civil proceedings. At the time of its enactment, there was seen to be a need for courts to reassert control over the litigation process, in the interests of a due administration of justice, conscious of access to justice, costs and efficiency issues. Court administration embraced “case management” philosophy at about the same time as everybody became increasingly aware of a need to adapt to a society preoccupied with computers and their derivatives. The regime now applies not only to the Supreme Court, District Court and Local Courts (the initial participating courts) but also the Dust Diseases Tribunal of NSW, civil proceedings in certain classes in the Land and Environment Court, and all civil proceedings in the Industrial Relations Commission. All of those courts are exhorted to consider the overriding purpose found in s 56 of the CPA to facilitate the just, quick and cheap resolution of the real issues in the dispute or proceedings. Access to justice, particularly in regional areas, is enhanced by the options now available through modern technology, including video recording facilities, online registry capabilities and virtual courtrooms.1 Amendments in 2016 to Part 3 of the UCPR2 reflect the extension of the electronic case management system Online Registry to the Land and Environment Court. Online Courts are regularly used in the Supreme Court and District Court and are the subject of Practice Notes.3 One of the Editors has described the single most important feature of the civil procedure reforms of 2005 as: Elevation of the concept of purpose into prominence by its enactment as section 56 of the Civil Procedure Act 2005 (NSW). This legislative statement of an “overriding purpose provides a constant challenge to all participants in civil proceedings, across jurisdictions, to test what is done, or not done, against the perennial questions”: “Why do this?” “How can we do it better?” A purposive approach to case management, authoritatively sanctioned, is calculated to save us all (lawyers and litigants) from the natural, but sometimes stifling, appeal of rule-based technicality.4 Any success attending the Civil Procedure legislation is due, in large part, to the preparedness of judges, lawyers and litigants to use it, constructively, to recast expectations about the way civil disputes are dealt with. In managing civil proceedings the importance of active judicial case management informed by the overriding purpose cannot be understated. It is frequently the subject of extra-judicial writing.5 In addition, the civil procedure jurisprudence is replete with examples of decisions in which the courts emphasise as well the duties on parties to civil proceedings and their legal representatives to assist the court to further the overriding purpose. This was strongly emphasised by the High Court in Expense Reduction Analysts Group Pty Ltd v Armstrong Strategic Management and Marketing Pty Ltd [2013] HCA 46 (2013) 250 CLR 303.

©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

v

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

In the search for an understanding of how the dynamics of civil litigation operate, there remains much to explore. With the abolition of civil jury trials, processes of curial determination by judges sitting alone, the embrace of case management attitudes of mind, and the ubiquity of directions hearings in all courts, the very concept of a “trial” (a once and for all hearing on a particular day) has been displaced by incremental steps, unheralded and often unnoticed.6 Just as we have re-fashioned the concept of a “trial”, so there have been other accommodations in the litigation process. There have been substantial changes in the approach to discovery. With the practical abolition of “general discovery”, courts have been, perhaps, more liberal in allowing the use of subpoenas and notices to produce in lieu of Equity’s traditional processes for the discovery of documents (“discovery”) and discovery of facts (interrogatories). Supreme Court Practice Note SC Eq 11 was introduced in June 2013 with the expressed intention of ensuring the proportionality of the costs of discovery, generally deferring discovery until after parties have served their evidence. The manner in which expert evidence is now given frequently involves experts giving evidence concurrently, with active judicial case management to restrict the expert evidence to that which will assist the court in determination of the real issues in the proceedings. We may expect case management increasingly to involve judicial scrutiny of the need for particular expert evidence.7 Much of what we do in the conduct of civil litigation, especially under a regime of “case management” is about managing expectations in a variety of approaches to problem-solving. In a legal community, of which we all form part, this is an ongoing conversation.

The Hon John P Hamilton QC Former Judge of the Supreme Court of New South Wales The Hon Justice Geoff Lindsay Judge of the Supreme Court of New South Wales Michael Morahan OAM Acting Local Court Magistrate Carol Webster SC Senior Counsel, New South Wales Bar 1 March 2019 1 As noted by Chief Justice Bathurst in a speech at Newcastle: TF Bathurst, Access to justice in regional New South Wales (Newcastle Business Club Monthly Luncheon, 19 April 2016) available at http:// www.supremecourt.justice.nsw.gov.au/Pages/SCO2_publications/SCO2_judicialspeeches/sco2_speeches_ chiefjustice.aspx (accessed 13 March 2017). 2 Uniform Civil Procedure Rule (Amendment No 76) 2016 (255), commenced 20 May 2016. 3 Supreme Court: Practice Note SC CL 6 Possession List (Online Court Protocol at Annexure 2); Practice Note SC Eq 4 - Corporations List (Online Court Protocol (Corporations List) in Sch 3 applicable to most matters in the Corporations Registrar’s List); Practice Note SC EQ 14 – Online Court Protocol (case management by the Registrar in Equity); District Court Practice Note DC (Civil) No 1B – Online Court and the General List in Sydney. 4 See M Kumar and M Legg (eds), Ten years of the Civil Procedure Act 2005 (NSW): a decade of insights and guide to future litigation (Thomson Reuters, Sydney, 2015), Ch 3 para [3.10]. 5 For recent examples: the speech given by Chief Justice Bathurst: TF Bathurst, Three contemporary issues in Civil Litigation: Expert evidence, Discovery and alternative dispute resolution (NSW Bar Association 2016 Personal Injury and Common Law Conference, 5 March 2016) available at http://www.supremecourt.justice.nsw.gov.au/Pages/SCO2_ vi

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

Preface publications/SCO2_judicialspeeches/sco2_speeches_chiefjustice.aspx (accessed 14 March 2016); M Kumar and M Legg (eds), Ten years of the Civil Procedure Act 2005 (NSW): a decade of insights and guide to future litigation (Thomson Reuters, Sydney, 2015), various chapters, various chapters; Lindsay GC, Pleadings and Case Management (2018 Judges’ Series of Seminars, The College of Law, 28 February 2018) available at http:// www.supremecourt.justice.nsw.gov.au/Pages/SCO2_publications/SCO2_judicialspeeches/sco2_speeches_ current_judicialofficers.aspx (accessed 20 February 2019). 6 Spigelman JJ, “Truth and the Law” (2011) 85 Australian Law Journal 746 at 751-752. 7 See for example, Bathurst TF, above n 1 at [34]-[35].

©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

vii

TABLE OF CONTENTS Preface ................................................................................................................................................ v User’s Guide ..................................................................................................................................... xiii Table of Cases .................................................................................................................................. xxi CIVIL PROCEDURE ACT 2005............................................................................................................1 CIVIL PROCEDURE REGULATION 2017....................................................................................... 173 DELEGATIONS.................................................................................................................................191 UNIFORM CIVIL PROCEDURE RULES 2005................................................................................ 209 Part 1 – Preliminary..............................................................................................................

241

Part 2 – Case management generally............................................................................................ 261 Part 3 – Electronic case management............................................................................................ 263 Part 4 – Preparation and filing of documents................................................................................... 272 Part 5 – Preliminary discovery and inspection................................................................................ 293 Part 6 – Commencing proceedings and appearance...................................................................... 301 Part 7 – Parties to proceedings and representation....................................................................... 352 Part 8 – Venue................................................................................................................................. 397 Part 9 – Cross-claims...................................................................................................................... 400 Part 10 – Service of documents generally...................................................................................... 410 Part 11 – Service of documents outside Australia and service of external process...................... 437 Part 11A – Service under the Hague Convention........................................................................... 451 Part 12 – Discontinuance, withdrawal, dismissal and setting aside of originating process............ 466 Part 13 – Summary disposal........................................................................................................... 482 Part 14 – Pleadings......................................................................................................................... 493 Part 15 – Particulars........................................................................................................................ 523 Part 16 – Default judgment.............................................................................................................. 542 Part 17 – Admissions....................................................................................................................... 559 Part 18 – Motions............................................................................................................................ 568 Part 19 – Amendment..................................................................................................................... 579 Part 20 – Resolution of proceedings without hearing..................................................................... 583 Part 21 – Discovery, inspection and notice to produce documents............................................... 617 Part 22 – Interrogatories.................................................................................................................. 637 Part 23 – Medical examinations and inspection of property........................................................... 648 Part 24 – Taking evidence otherwise than at trial........................................................................... 659 Part 25 – Interim preservation......................................................................................................... 669 Part 26 – Receivers......................................................................................................................... 685 Part 27 – Disposal of land............................................................................................................... 696

©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

ix

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

Part 28 – Separate decision of questions and consolidation.......................................................... 699 Part 29 – Trials................................................................................................................................ 706 Part 30 – Assessment of damages and value of goods................................................................. 714 Part 31 – Evidence......................................................................................................................... 719 Part 32 – Trans-Tasman Proceedings Act 2010 (Commonwealth)................................................ 803 Part 33 – Subpoenas...................................................................................................................... 813 Part 34 – Notices to produce at hearing........................................................................................ 833 Part 35 – Affidavits.......................................................................................................................... 838 Part 36 – Judgments and orders.................................................................................................... 853 Part 37 – Time to pay and payment by instalments...................................................................... 882 Part 38 – Examination of judgment debtor etc............................................................................... 895 Part 39 – Enforcement of judgments.............................................................................................. 907 Part 40 – Additional measures for enforcing judgments and orders of the Supreme Court and District Court................................................................................................................................ 958 Part 41 – Funds in court.................................................................................................................. 967 Part 42 – Costs................................................................................................................................ 981 Part 43 – Interpleader proceedings............................................................................................... 1051 Part 44 – Transfer of proceedings................................................................................................. 1063 Part 45 – Specialist lists................................................................................................................ 1070 Part 46 – Accounts and inquiries................................................................................................... 1083 Part 47 – Matters arising under the Commercial Arbitration Act 2010.......................................... 1094 Part 48 – Matters arising under Commonwealth intellectual property legislation......................... 1100 Part 49 – Reference and removal of proceedings, and appeals and reviews, within the court... 1108 Part 50 – Appeals to the court....................................................................................................... 1127 Part 51 – Court of Appeal.............................................................................................................. 1153 Part 52 – Taking evidence for foreign and Australian courts and tribunals.................................. 1204 Part 53 – Matters arising under the Foreign Judgments Act 1991 of the Commonwealth........... 1211 Part 54 – Administration of estates and execution of trusts.......................................................... 1232 Part 55 – Matters arising under the Trustee Act 1925.................................................................. 1237 Part 56 – Matters arising under the Adoption Act 2000................................................................ 1244 Part 56A – Matters arising under the Surrogacy Act 2010............................................................ 1257 Part 57 – Matters arising under the NSW Trustee and Guardian Act 2009 or Guardianship Act 1987.................................................................................................................................... 1261 Part 58 – Representative proceedings.......................................................................................... 1274 Part 59 – Judicial Review Proceedings......................................................................................... 1275 Schedule 1 – Application of rules.................................................................................................. 1279 Schedule 2 – Local rules that prevail over these rules................................................................. 1282 Schedule 3 – Fees and other prescribed amounts....................................................................... 1283 Schedule 6 – Service outside of Australia without leave.............................................................. 1284 Schedule 7 – Expert witness code of conduct.............................................................................. 1286 Schedule 8 – Assignment of business in the Supreme Court...................................................... 1288 Schedule 9 – Assignment of business in the District Court.......................................................... 1296 Schedule 10 – Provisions regarding procedure under particular legislation ............................... 1297 Schedule 11 – Provisions regarding procedure in certain lists in the District Court.................... 1308 x

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Schedule 12 – Savings and Transitional Provisions .................................................................... 1323 Dictionary....................................................................................................................................... 1324 EVIDENCE ACT 1995.................................................................................................................... 1329 EVIDENCE REGULATION 2015.................................................................................................... 1435 EVIDENCE (AUDIO AND AUDIO VISUAL LINKS) ACT 1998..................................................... 1443 EVIDENCE (AUDIO AND AUDIO VISUAL LINKS) REGULATION 2015..................................... 1461 EVIDENCE ON COMMISSION ACT 1995.....................................................................................1465 SUPREME COURT ACT 1970 [EXTRACTS]................................................................................1481 SUPREME COURT RULES 1970..................................................................................................1539 SUPREME COURT (CORPORATIONS) RULES 1999................................................................. 1685 SUPREME COURT PRACTICE NOTES....................................................................................... 1731 DISTRICT COURT ACT 1973 [EXTRACTS]................................................................................. 1919 DISTRICT COURT RULES 1973................................................................................................... 2023 DISTRICT COURT PRACTICE NOTES.........................................................................................2123 LOCAL COURT ACT 2007 [EXTRACTS]..................................................................................... 2159 LOCAL COURT RULES 2009 [EXTRACTS]................................................................................ 2169 LOCAL COURT OF NEW SOUTH WALES PRACTICE NOTES..................................................2177 Index

©

.......................................................................................................................................... 2199

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

xi

USER’S GUIDE SCOPE OF THIS WORK NSW Civil Procedure Handbook provides the convenience of a single volume work that can be taken to court, is easy to navigate and can be used to access multiple points of reference simultaneously. It includes core practice legislation and rules as well as guidance and interpretation in the form of annotations specifically designed to communicate the most relevant interpretation and guidance to the UCPR regime. The content in this volume is derived from the Thomson Reuters subscription services, NSW Civil Procedure and NSW Civil Practice & Procedure - Local Courts Practice. LEGISLATION NSW Civil Procedure Handbook contains the following legislation: • Civil Procedure Act 2005; • Civil Procedure Regulation 2017; • District Court Act 1973 [Extracts]; • District Court Rules 1973; • Evidence Act 1995; • Evidence (Audio and Audio Visual Links) Act 1998; • Evidence (Audio and Audio Visual Links) Regulation 2015; • Evidence on Commission Act 1995; • Evidence Regulation 2015; • Local Court Act 2007 [Extracts]; • Local Court Rules 2009 [Extracts]; • Supreme Court Act 1970 [Extracts]; • Supreme Court (Corporations) Rules 1999 (excluding Sch 1); • Supreme Court Rules 1970 (excluding Schs F–G1); and • Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 2005. CURRENCY The Acts, regulations and rules have been updated to include all available amendments to 29 March 2019. For the full amendment history of each of the Acts, regulations and rules reproduced in this work, please refer to the relevant Table of Amending Legislation that accompanies each piece of legislation. For those Acts that contain extracts only, the Table of Amending Legislation lists the most recent amendment to that Act with the date of gazettal/assent/registration and commencement details. Editor’s Note: Repealed provisions have not been reproduced. LEGISLATIVE AMENDMENTS IN THIS EDITION NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019 takes account of the amendments listed below. Civil Procedure Act 2005 • Justice Legislation Amendment Act (No 2) 2017 – Act 44 of 2017 Civil Procedure Regulation 2017 • Civil Procedure Amendment (Fees) Regulation 2018 – Reg 313 of 2018 District Court Act 1973 [Extracts] • Justice Legislation Amendment Act (No 3) 2018 – Act 87 of 2018

©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

xiii

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

Evidence • • •

Act 1995 Justice Legislation Amendment Act 2018 – Act 4 of 2018 Miscellaneous Acts Amendment (Marriages) Act 2018 – Act 28 of 2018 Justice Legislation Amendment Act (No 2) 2018 – Act 29 of 2018

Evidence (Audio and Audio Visual Links) Regulation 2015 • Evidence (Audio and Audio Visual Links) Amendment (Bail Exemptions) Regulation 2018 – Reg 123 of 2018 • Evidence (Audio and Audio Visual Links) Amendment (Bail Exemptions) Regulation (No 2) 2018 – Reg 702 of 2018 • Evidence (Audio and Audio Visual Links) Amendment (Bail Exemptions) Regulation 2019 – Reg 24 of 2019 Local Court Act 2007 [Extracts] • Justice Legislation Amendment Act (No 3) 2018 – Act 87 of 2018 Local Court Rules 2009 [Extracts] • Local Court (Amendment No 10) Rule 2019 – Rule 148 of 2019 Supreme Court Act 1970 [Extracts] • Justice Legislation Amendment Act (No 2) 2018 – Act 29 of 2018 Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 2005 • Uniform Civil Procedure (Amendment No 85) Rule 2018 – Rule 193 of 2018 • Uniform Civil Procedure (Amendment No 86) Rule 2018 – Rule 194 of 2018 • Miscellaneous Acts Amendment (Marriages) Act 2018 – Act 28 of 2018 • Uniform Civil Procedure (Amendment No 87) Rule 2018 – Rule 706 of 2018 • Uniform Civil Procedure (Amendment No 88) Rule 2018 – Rule 707 of 2018 HISTORY NOTES The history notes have been entered in an abbreviated form using the number and year of the amending Act or regulation and a descriptor (eg. “insrt”) to show the effect of the amending Act or regulation. The abbreviations used in the historical notes are as follows: • insrt – inserted • am – amended • subst – substituted • rep – repealed • exp – expired • reinsrt – reinserted • renum – renumbered • reloc – relocated Example: History note under subs 18(3C) of the District Court Act 1973 (NSW): Subs (3C) insrt Act 54 of 2016, Sch 1.8[2]

This note indicates that subsection (3C) was inserted in s 18 by Act 54 of 2016, Sch 1.8[2]. Details of the short title of the amending Act, assent/gazettal/registration and commencement dates are located in the Table of Amending Legislation following the Table of Provisions.

xiv

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

User’s guide

FUTURE COMMENCEMENTS Civil Procedure Act 2005 Amending legislation

Number

Property, Stock and Business Agents Amendment (Property Industry Reform) Act 2018 District Court Act 1973

Act 5 of 2018

Amending legislation

Number

Act 70 of Government Sector 2018 Finance Legislation (Repeal and Amendment) Act 2018 Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 2005 Amending legislation

Number

Date of gazettal/assent/ registration 21 Mar 2018

Date of commencement

Date of gazettal/assent/ registration 22 Nov 2018

Date of commencement

Date of gazettal/assent/ registration 26 May 2010

Date of commencement

Sch 2.3: to be proclaimed.

Sch 4.26: to be proclaimed.

Court Information Act Act 24 of Sch 2.3: to be proclaimed. 2010 2010 ANNOTATIONS Annotations in this book have been taken from the Thomson Reuters subscription services, NSW Civil Procedure and NSW Civil Practice & Procedure – Local Courts Practice, as follows: TABLE 1 Annotations source Annotated Legislation Civil Procedure Act 2005 Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 2005 Supreme Court Act 1970

Source of Annotations NSW Civil Procedure NSW Civil Procedure

Contributors Various; see table below Various; see table below

NSW Civil Procedure

Supreme Court Rules 1970 District Court Act 1973 District Court Rules 1973 Local Court Act 2007

NSW Civil Procedure NSW Civil Procedure NSW Civil Procedure NSW Civil Practice & Procedure – Local Courts Practice NSW Civil Practice & Procedure – Local Courts Practice

James Lemaire, Mark Walsh SC, Carol Webster SC and EJ O’Grady James Lemaire and EJ O’Grady E J O’Grady E J O’Grady Michael Morahan

Local Court Rules 2009

Michael Morahan

TABLE 2 Table of Contributors CPA Part 1 6 ©

UCPR Part 1 2

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

NSW Civil Procedure UCPR Title Preliminary Case management generally

Author Carol Webster SC Michael McHugh SC xv

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

CPA Part

3

UCPR Part 3

4 5 6 7 8

Preparation and filing of documents Preliminary discovery and inspection Commencing proceedings and appearance Parties to proceedings and representation Venue

9

Cross-claims

10

Service of Documents Generally

11

Service of Documents Outside Australia and Service of External Process

11A

12

xvi

Service Under the Hague Convention

13 14 15 16

Discontinuance, withdrawal, dismissal and setting aside of originating process Summary disposal Pleadings Particulars Default judgment

17

Admissions

18 19 20(1)

Motions Amendment Mediation

20(2)

Arbitration

20(3) 20(3A) 20(4) 20(6) 21 22 23 5

NSW Civil Procedure UCPR Title Electronic case management

24

References to referees Conciliation Compromise Acknowledgment of liquidated claim Discovery Interrogatories Medical examinations and inspection of property Taking Evidence Otherwise

Author Richard Macready and Jo Shepard and Michael McHugh SC Carol Webster SC Michael McHugh SC Carol Webster SC Carol Webster SC Ed Cox and Carol Webster SC Adrian Diethelm and Greg Sarginson Josephine Kelly, Deborah Robinson, Mary-Ann de Mestre and David Ash Josephine Kelly, Deborah Robinson, Mary-Ann de Mestre and David Ash Sigrid Neumeuller and Mary-Ann de Mestre and David Ash Carol Webster SC Carol Webster SC Michael McHugh SC Michael McHugh SC Steven Jupp and Mandy Tibbey Adrian Diethelm and Mandy Tibbey Melissa Fisher Michael McHugh SC Deborah Robinson and Mary-Ann de Mestre Peter Johnstone and Greg Sarginson Dr Michelle Sanson David Ash Michael McHugh SC Dr Michelle Sanson Michael McHugh SC Michael McHugh SC Melissa Fisher Greg Sarginson

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

User’s guide

CPA Part

UCPR Part 25 26 27 28 29 30

2

31 32 33

34 35 7

8

36 37 38 39 40

41 42 43 9 10

44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51

©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

NSW Civil Procedure UCPR Title Interim preservation

Author Adrian Diethelm and Mandy Tibbey Joanne Shepard Joanne Shepard Carol Webster SC

Receivers Disposal of land Separate decision of questions and consolidation Trials Carol Webster SC Assessment of damages and value of goods Steven Jupp and Mandy Tibbey Evidence Mark Walsh SC Trans-Tasman Proceedings Act 2010 (Cth) Dr Michelle Sanson Subpoenas Josephine Kelly, Deborah Robinson, Mary-Ann de Mestre and Greg Sarginson Notices to produce at hearing Hamish Stitt, Geoff Lindsay and Greg Sarginson Affıdavits Geoff Lindsay, Steven Jupp and Greg Sarginson Judgments and orders Steven Jupp and Mark Walsh SC Time to pay and payment by instalments Steven Jupp and David Ash Examination of judgment debtor etc Steven Jupp and David Ash Enforcement of judgments Steven Jupp and David Ash Steven Jupp and David Ash Additional measures for enforcing judgments and orders of the Supreme Court and District Court Funds in court Anthony Cheshire and David Ash Costs Peter Johnstone and Janet McDonald Interpleader proceedings Anthony Cheshire and David Ash Transfer of proceedings Carol Webster SC Specialist Lists Carol Webster SC Accounts and Inquiries Mandy Tibbey Matters arising under the Commercial Greg Sarginson Arbitration Act 2010 Matters arising under Commonwealth Joanne Shepard and Greg Intellectual Property Legislation Sarginson Reference and removal of proceedings, and Greg Sarginson appeals and reviews, within the court Appeals to the court Steven Jupp and Greg Sarginson Court of Appeal Carol Webster SC

xvii

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

NSW Civil Procedure UCPR Title Author Taking Evidence for foreign and Australian Sigrid Neumeuller and courts and tribunals Mary-Ann de Mestre and Greg Sarginson 53 Matters arising under the Foreign Sigrid Neumeuller and Judgments Act 1991 of the Commonwealth Mary-Ann de Mestre and Dr Sonya Willis 54 Administration of estates and execution of Mandy Tibbey trusts 55 Matters arising under the Trustee Act 1925 Mandy Tibbey 56 Matters arising under the Adoption Act Sigrid Neumeuller and Mary 2000 Ann de Mestre and Mandy Tibbey 56A Matters arising under the Surrogacy Act Mandy Tibbey 2010 Mandy Tibbey 57 Matters arising under the NSW Trustee and Guardianship Act 2009 or Guardianship Act 1987 58 Representative proceedings Carol Webster SC 59 Judicial review proceedings Carol Webster SC Comparison material for all other Parts prepared by Susan Jackson and edited by The Hon John P Hamilton QC.

CPA Part

UCPR Part 52

INDEX The Index includes entries for the key legislation in this volume. RELATED PUBLICATIONS Related Thomson Reuters subscription titles include: • NSW Civil Procedure; • NSW Civil Practice & Procedure – Local Courts Practice; • Uniform Evidence Law; • New South Wales Law Reports Online; • Lawbook Co’s District Court Law Reports (NSW); • Criminal Law NSW; • Land & Environment Court Law & Practice (NSW); • Federal Court Practice; • High Court Practice; and • Corporations Legislation. Related Thomson Reuters book titles include: • Odgers, Uniform Evidence Law, 13th edition, 2018; • Cairns, Australian Civil Procedure, 11th edition, 2016; • Corporations Legislation 2019; and • Corporations – Court Rules and Related Legislation 2019.

xviii

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

User’s guide

ENQUIRIES Considerable care has been taken in this compilation, but the interpretation and consolidation of the legislation is complex. The Publisher invites feedback on this edition. Correspondence may be addressed to: Thomson Reuters (Professional) Australia Limited Level 6 19 Harris Street Pyrmont NSW 2009 Australia Or emailed to: [email protected]

©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

xix

Table of Cases

TABLE OF CASES A A v A [2015] NSWSC 1778 ........................................................................................................................ r 7.14.50, r 57.5.10 A v A [2016] NSWCA 17 ............................................................................................................................................. r 57.5.10 A v Hayden (No) (1984) 59 ALJR 1 ....................................................................................................................... SCA 66.120 A v Mental Health Review Tribunal (No 4) [2014] NSWSC 31 .............................................................. r Pt57.20, r Pt57.40 A, Re (2003) 30 Fam LR 387; [2003] NSWSC 595 ................................................................................................. r 31.28.80 A & M Short Pty Ltd v Prestige Residential Marketing Pty Ltd (2005) 194 FLR 32; 54 ACSR 760; [2005] NSWSC 872 ................................................................................................................................... CPA 65.400 A & N Holding NSW Pty Ltd v Andell Pty Ltd [2006] NSWSC 55 ...................................................................... CPA 59.20 A Company, Re [1980] 1 All ER 284 ...................................................................................................................... SCR 1.8.60 A Company (No 0012209 of 1991), Re [1992] 2 All ER 797; [1992] 1 WLR 351 .................................................. r 42.5.40 A Goninan & Co Ltd v Atlas Steels (Australia) Pty Ltd [2003] NSWSC 956 ......................................... r 28.5.40, r 28.5.60 A Goninan & Co Ltd v Gill (2001) 51 NSWLR 441; (2001) 21 NSWCCR 552; [2001] NSWCA 77 .............................................................................................................................................................................. r 42.1.62 A Hudson Pty Ltd v Legal & General Life of Australia Ltd [1985] 1 NSWLR 701 .............................................. r 41.3.120 A Martin French v Kingswood Hill Ltd [1961] 1 QB 96; [1960] 2 All ER 251 ..................................................... r 42.22.40 A Solicitor v Council of Law Society (NSW) (2004) 216 CLR 253; 78 ALJR 310; [2004] HCA 1 .............. SCR 65A.3.20 AAA, Re [2016] NSWSC 805 .................................................................................................................................... r Pt57.180 AB v EF [2013] NSWSC 866 ................................................................................................................................... r Pt56A.20 AB v State of New South Wales [2014] NSWCA 243 .............................................................................................. r 51.41.40 ABB Engineering Construction Pty Ltd v Abigroup Contractors Pty Ltd [2003] NSWSC 665 ........................... r 20.24.160 ACD Tridon Inc v Tridon Australia Pty Ltd [2002] NSWSC 896 ............................................................................ r 20.14.80 ACD Tridon Inc v Tridon Australia Pty Ltd [2003] NSWSC 357 ............................................................................ r 20.18.60 ACN 008 664 257 Pty Ltd v HIH Casualty & General Insurance Ltd (in liq) [2005] NSWSC 881 ..................... r 33.4.120 ACN 075 911 410 Pty Ltd v Almaty Pty Ltd [2011] NSWSC 333 ...................................................................... r 31.13.1000 ACP Magazines Pty Ltd v Southdown Publications Pty Ltd (2002) 56 IPR 504; [2002] NSWSC 715 ....................................................................................................................................................................... SCA 66.120 ACQ Pty Ltd v Cook (No 2) [2008] NSWCA 306 ................................................................................................... r 42.1.100 AEW v BW [2016] NSWSC 905 .............................................................................................................. r.7.13.60, r Pt57.100 AG v AP-G [2013] NSWSC 272 .................................................................................................................................. r 57.3.10 AGC (Advances) Ltd v West (1984) 5 NSWLR 301 ............................................................ r 42.1.300, r 42.5.40, r 42.25.40 AH, Re (1905) 22 WN (NSW) 68 ................................................................................................................................ r 57.3.40 AMC Caterers Pty Ltd v Stavropoulos [2005] NSWCA 79 ........................................................................................ r 42.1.62 AMP Fire & General Insurance Co Ltd v Dixon [1982] VR 833 ................................................................................. r 9.8.40 ANS Nominees Pty Ltd v Beverly Manufacturing Co Pty Ltd [1979] 2 NSWLR 875 ............................ r 40.6.80, r 40.7.40 ANZ Banking Group Ltd v Greig [1980] 1 NSWLR 112 ...................................................................................... CPA 102.20 ANZ Banking Group Ltd v Mio Amico Pty Ltd [2013] NSWSC 716 .................................................................... CPA 57.20 AP v RD [2011] NSWSC 1389 ................................................................................................................................. r Pt56A.20 ASA Constructions Pty Ltd v Iwanov [1975] 1 NSWLR 512 ................................................................ r 30.3.40, SCA 68.20 ASIC v Lawrenson Light Metal Die Casting Pty Ltd (1999) 33 ACSR 288 ............................................................. r 26.4.20 ASIC v Letten (No 23 ) [2014] FCA 985 .................................................................................................................... r 26.4.40 AVS Group of Companies Pty Ltd v Commissioner for Police (2010) 78 NSWLR 302; [2010] NSWCA 81 ............................................................................................................................................................ r 50.3.240 AW & LM Forrest Pty Ltd v Beamish (1998) 146 FLR 450 ...................................................................................... r 7.24.80 AWA Ltd v Daniels (unreported, NSWSC, Rolfe J, 8 March 1992) ........................................................................ CPA 30.20 AWA Ltd v Exicom Australia Pty Ltd (1990) 19 NSWLR 705 ............................................ r Pt9.40, CPA 21.40, CPA 22.60 AWB Ltd v Cole (No 6) (2006) 235 ALR 307; [2006] FCA 1274 .......................................................................... r 42.1.120 AZ v DQ [2003] NSWSC 1108 .................................................................................................................................... r 22.1.80

©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

xxi

TABLE OF CASES Abalos v Australian Postal Commission (1990) 171 CLR 167 .......................................................... r 50.16.60, SCA 75A.80 Abdul-Rahman v WorkCover Authority of NSW (No 2) [2015] NSWSC 1900 ................................................... CPA 98.100 Abigroup Contractors Pty Ltd v ABB Service Pty Ltd (2005) 21 BCL 12; [2004] NSWCA 181 .................... SCR 51.0.200 Abigroup Contractors Pty Ltd v Sydney Catchment Authority [2007] NSWSC 220 ............................................. r 20.24.160 Abigroup Ltd v Abignano (1992) 39 FCR 74 ............................................................................................................ r 39.49.40 Ability One Financial Management Pty Ltd v JB (2014) 11 ASTLR 155; [2014] NSWSC 245 ........................... r Pt57.100 Ability One Financial Management Pty Ltd v JB [2014] NSWSC 245 ...................................................................... Pt57.170 Ability One Financial Management Pty Ltd v JB by his tutor AB [2014] NSWSC 245 .......................................... r 57.3.30 Aboriginal Affairs, Minister for v Peko-Wallsend Ltd (1986) 162 CLR 24; [1986] HCA 40 ................................ CPA 58.40 Aboriginal Community Benefit Fund Pty Ltd v Batemans Bay Local Aboriginal Land Council (1997) 41 NSWLR 494 ............................................................................................................... SCA 65.40, SCR 54.0.100 Aboriginal Housing Co Ltd v Munro [2015] NSWSC 1155 ................................................................. r 39.1.45, CPA 135.45 Abouloff v Oppenheimer & Co (1882) 10 QBD 295 ................................................................................................ r 53.7.180 Abraham v St Mark’s Orthodox Coptic College (No 3) [2008] NSWSC 1027 ....................................................... r 36.4.100 Access Services Group Pty Ltd v McLoughlin (2006) 201 FLR 16; 57 ACSR 725; [2006] NSWSC 532 ............................................................................................................................................................... r 7.1.60 Accident Insurance Mutual Holdings Ltd v McFadden (1993) 31 NSWLR 412 .................................. r 21.3.160, r 22.2.140 Accom Finance Pty Ltd v Kowalczuk [2006] NSWSC 730 ......................................................................................... r 9.1.60 Ace-Semi Trailer Sales Pty Ltd v Zurich Australia Insurance Ltd [2009] NSWCA 381 ........................................... r 42.1.55 Acimall Australia v Cong Bui Buu t/a Austcraft Furnitures [2004] NSWLC 4 ....................................................... r 16.3.140 Ackland v Paynter (1820) 8 Price 95; 146 ER 1142 ................................................................................................. r 39.30.60 Acohs Pty Ltd v Ucorp Pty Ltd (2006) 155 FCR 181; 236 ALR 143; [2006] FCA 1279 ............... r 42.21.110, r 42.21.200 Across Australia Finance v Bassenger [2008] NSWSC 799 ....................................................................................... r 18.1.60 Active Adult Management Pty Ltd v Milstern Retirement Living Pty Ltd [2017] NSWSC 1238 ......................... CPA 21.40 Ada Evans Chambers Pty Ltd v Santisi [2014] NSWSC 538 ................................................................................... r 42.4.120 Adams v Dickeson [1974] VR 77 ............................................................................................................... r 22.3.60, r Pt22.20 Adams v Kennick Trading (International) Ltd [1986] 4 NSWLR 503 ....................................................................... r Pt31.40 Adamson v Liu (No 2) [2009] NSWSC 864 ................................................................................................................ r 42.1.62 Adeels Palace Pty Ltd v Moubarak [2009] NSWCA 130 ......................................................................................... r 51.44.60 Adelphi Hotel (Brighton) Ltd, Re [1953] 2 All ER 498; [1953] 1 WLR 955 ...................... r 42.1.300, r 42.5.40, r 42.25.40 Adhesives Pty Ltd v Aktieselskabet Dansk Gaerings-Industri (1935) 55 CLR 523 ................................................. r 31.54.40 Administrative & Clerical Officers Assn, Commonwealth Public Service v Commonwealth (1979) 53 ALJR 588; 26 ALR 497 ................................................................................................................................ SCA 66.120 Administrative Decisions Tribunal Appeal Panel v Director-General, Department of Commerce [2008] NSWCA 140 .............................................................................................................. r 6.35.60, r 6.35.80, r 6.39.40 Adoption of MSAT [2014] NSWSC 1950 .................................................................................................................. SC Eq 13 Adrenaline Pty Ltd v Bathurst Regional Council [2015] NSWCA 123; 322 ALR 180 .......................................... CPA 98.40 Advanced Timber & Hardware (Superstore) Pty Ltd v Kovacevic [2011] NSWSC 366 ........................................... r 35.7.60 Aerospatiale Holdings Australia Pty Ltd v Elspan International Ltd (1992) 28 NSWLR 321 ................................ r 20.14.80 Afro Continental Nigeria v Meridian Shipping Co SA [1982] 2 Lloyd’s Rep 241 ................................................... r Pt11.60 Agar v Hyde (2000) 201 CLR 552; 74 ALJR 1219; 173 ALR 665; [2000] Aust Torts Reports 81-569; [2000] HCA 41 .................................................................................. r 11.4.60, r 12.11.60, r 12.11.80, r 13.4.120 Age Co Ltd v Liu (2013) 82 NSWLR 268; [2013] NSWCA 26 .................................................................................. r 5.2.40 Agius v New South Wales [2002] Aust Torts Reports 81-656; [2001] NSWCA 371 ............................. r 13.4.80, r 13.4.120 Agricultural & Rural Finance Pty Ltd v Kirk [2010] NSWCA 132 ....................................................................... r 12.11.160 Agricultural & Rural Finance Pty Ltd v Kirk (2011) 82 ACSR 390; [2011] NSWCA 67 ... r 1.12.50, r 6.2.100, CPA 14.60 Agtrack (NT) Pty Ltd v Hatfield (2003) 7 VR 63; 174 FLR 395; [2003] VSCA 6 ................................................ CPA 65.20 Agtrack (NT) Pty Ltd v Hatfield (2005) 223 CLR 251; [2005] HCA 38 ................................................................ CPA 65.20 Agusta Pty Ltd v Provident Capital Ltd (2012) 16 BPR 30397; [2012] NSWCA 26 ............................................. r 39.20.60 Ahmed v Ahmed [2013] NSWSC 1814 ....................................................................................................................... r 34.2.40 Ahmed v Chowdhury (No 2) [2011] NSWSC 954 .................................................................................................. r 20.15.100 Ainslie v Ainslie (1927) 39 CLR 381; 27 SR (NSW) 524 ..................................................................... r 53.1.180, r 53.7.200 Ainsworth v Criminal Justice Commission (1992) 175 CLR 564 ........................................................................... SCA 75.20 Ainsworth v Hanrahan (1991) 25 NSWLR 155 ....................................................................................... r 33.9.160, r Pt22.40 Ainsworth v Redd (1990) 19 NSWLR 78 .................................................................................................................. r 10.21.40 Ainsworth v Wilding [1896] 1 Ch 673 .................................................................................................. r 36.16.200, r 36.17.60 Ainsworth Nominees Pty Ltd t/as Aristocrat Leisure Industries v Crouch (1995) 11 NSWCCR 640 ....... SCA 106.40, SCA 108.60, SCR 51.0.200, SCR 51.0.300

[All references are to paragraph numbers.] xxii

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

Air Express Ltd v Ansett Transport Industries (Operations) Pty Ltd (1981) 146 CLR 249; 55 ALJR 107; 33 ALR 578 .................................................................................................................... r 25.8.80, SCA 66.220 Air Link Pty Ltd v Paterson (2005) 223 CLR 283; [2005] HCA 39 ....................................................................... CPA 65.20 Air Link Pty Ltd v Paterson (No 2) (2003) 58 NSWLR 388; [2003] NSWCA 251 ............................. r Pt19.20, CPA 65.20 Airservices Australia v Transfield Pty Ltd (1999) 92 FCR 200; [1999] FCA 886 ....................................................... r 5.3.60 Airtourer Co-op Ltd v Millicer Aircraft Industries Pty Ltd [2004] FCA 1400 ......................................................... r 42.21.60 Aiton Australia Pty Ltd v Transfield Pty Ltd (1999) 153 FLR 236; [1999] NSWSC 996 ..................................... CPA 27.10 Akins v Abigroup Ltd (1998) 43 NSWLR 539 ............................................................................................................ r 31.4.80 Akins v National Australia Bank (1994) 34 NSWLR 155 .................................................................................. SCA 75A.140 Al Amanah College Inc v Minister for Education & Training (No 2) [2011] NSWLEC 254 ................................. r 20.14.60 Al Mousawy (by his tutor Khamis) v JA Byatt Pty Ltd [2008] NSWSC 264 ...................................................... CPA 28.100 Alamdo Holdings Pty Ltd v Australian Window Furnishings (NSW) Pty Ltd [2004] ANZ ConvR 351; [2004] NSWSC 487 .................................................................................................................................... r 20.24.140 Alamdo Holdings Pty Ltd v Australian Window Furnishings (NSW) Pty Ltd [2006] NSWSC 1073 ................... CPA 64.20 Alamdo Holdings Pty Ltd v Australian Window Furnishings (NSW) Pty Ltd [2008] NSWSC 7 .......................... r 42.1.120 Alcatel Australia Ltd v Scarcella (2001) 10 BPR 18593; [2001] NSWSC 154 ..................................................... r 14.14.200 Alesco Corp Ltd v Te Maari [2015] NSWSC 469 ..................................................................................................... r 16.3.105 Alexander v Ajax Insurance Co Ltd [1956] VLR 436; [1956] ALR 1077; (1956) 30 ALJ 398 ................................. r 6.3.60 Alexander v Cambridge Credit Corp Ltd [1985] 2 NSWLR 685; (1985) 10 ACLR 42 ..................... r 49.10.40, r 50.7.40, r 50.7.1000r 51.44.60 Alexander v Cambridge Credit Corporation Ltd (1987) 9 NSWLR 310 .................................................................. r 51.44.60 Alexander v Crawford [2003] NSWSC 426 ............................................................................................................... r 40.6.120 Alister v The Queen (1984) 154 CLR 404; 58 ALJR 97 ....................................................................... r 21.3.200, r 22.2.180 All Class Insurance Brokers Pty Ltd (in liq), Re [2014] NSWSC 475 ...................................................................... r Pt55.40 Allan Robinson Textiles Pty Ltd v Pappas [1983] 1 VR 345 ................................................................................ SCA 49.120 Allandale Blue Metal Pty Ltd v Roads and Maritime Services [2013] NSWCA 103; (2013) 195 LGERA 182 ............................................................................................................................................................. r 28.2.40 Allen v Jambo Holdings Ltd [1980] 1 WLR 1252; [1980] 2 All ER 502 ................ SCA 66.160, SCA 66.220, SCA 66.240 Allen v Kerr [1995] Aust Torts Reports 81-354 ........................................................................................................ r 50.3.260 Allesch v Maunz (2000) 203 CLR 172; [2000] HCA 40 ........................................... r 50.16.60, SCA 106.40, SCR 51.0.200 Alliance & Leicester Building Society v Ghahremani [1992] TLR 129 ................................................................ SCR 1.8.40 Allianz Australia Insurance Ltd v Bluescope Steel Ltd [2012] NSWCA 240 ............................................. r 9.1.60, r 9.10.60 Allianz Australia Insurance Ltd v National Jet Systems Pty Ltd (2004) 13 ANZ Insurance Cases 61-648; [2004] SASC 438 ......................................................................................................................................... r 9.8.40 Allianz Australia Insurance Ltd v Newcastle Formwork Constructions Pty Ltd [2007] NSWCA 144 ......................................................................................................................................................... r 15.1.60, r 15.12.40 Allianz Australia Insurance Ltd v Vitale [2015] NSWSC 352 .................................................................................. r 25.14.20 Allied Constructions Pty Ltd v Hyder Consulting (Aust) Pty Ltd [2004] NSWSC 808 ........................................ r 20.24.160 Allplastics Engineering Pty Ltd v Dornoch Ltd [2006] NSWCA 33 ...................................................... r 42.1.60, CPA 98.30 Allstate Life Insurance Co v Australia & New Zealand Banking Group Ltd (1995) 57 FCR 360 ...... r 14.14.120, r Pt22.40 Allstate Life Insurance Co v Australia & New Zealand Banking Group Ltd (No 19) (1995) 134 ALR 187 ............................................................................................................................................................... r 42.21.400 Allstate Life Insurance Co v Australia & New Zealand Banking Group Ltd (No 6) (1996) 64 FCR 79 .............................................................................................................................................................................. r 6.43.60 Alltrans Express Ltd v CVA Holdings Ltd [1984] 1 All ER 685; [1984] 1 WLR 394 .............................................. r 42.1.62 Alstom Ltd v Sirakas [2010] NSWSC 669 ................................................................................................................ r 12.11.40 Alstom Ltd v Sirakas [2012] NSWSC 1064 ................................................................................................................ r 16.2.40 Altarama Ltd v Forsyth [1981] 1 NSWLR 188 ........................................................................................ r 16.7.45, r 16.10.40 Althouse, Re; Ex parte Fontaine (1927) 27 SR (NSW) 396; 44 WN (NSW) 144 .............................................. DCA 18G.20 Amaca Pty Ltd v Hicks (No 2) [2011] NSWCA 360 ................................................................................................ r 42.15.70 Amaca Pty Ltd v Mathwin [2005] NSWCA 364 ....................................................................................................... r 42.15.50 Amaca Pty Ltd v Novek (2009) 9 DDCR 199; [2009] NSWCA 50 ......................................................................... r 42.15.70 Amalgamated Mining Services Pty Ltd v Warman International Ltd (1988) 19 FCR 324; 88 ALR 63 .......................................................................................................................................................................... r 42.21.110 Amalgamated Television Services Pty Ltd v Marsden [1999] NSWCA 313 ............................................................ r 18.1.160 Amalgamated Television Services Pty Ltd v Marsden (No 2) (2003) 57 NSWLR 338; [2003] NSWCA 186 ................................................................................................................................. CPA 26.120, SCA 106.20 Amann Aviation Pty Ltd (in liq) v Continental Venture Capital Ltd [2005] NSWCA 154 .................................. SCA 121.20

[All references are to paragraph numbers.] ©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

xxiii

Table of Cases

TABLE OF CASES

TABLE OF CASES American Cyanamid Co v Ethicon Ltd [1975] AC 396 ......................................................................................... SCA 66.120 American Flange & Manufacturing Co Inc v Rheem (Aust) Pty Ltd (No 2) [1965] NSWR 193 ........ r 22.1.60, r 22.1.80, r 22.2.60 American Home Assurance Co v Ampol Refineries Ltd (1987) 10 NSWLR 13 .................................. r 28.2.100, r 28.2.140 Amoco v Rocca Bros (1972) 7 SASR 323 ................................................................................................................. r 51.44.80 Amos Removals & Storage Pty Ltd v Small [1981] 2 NSWLR 525 ....................................................................... r 10.14.60 Ampolex Ltd v Perpetual Trustee Co (Canberra) Ltd (1995) 18 ACSR 218 ............................................................. r 21.7.40 Ampolex Ltd v Perpetual Trustee Co (Canberra) Ltd (1995) 37 NSWLR 405 ..................................... r 21.3.140, r 22.2.120 An Allegation of Contempt of Court made by The Honourable Mr Justice Maxwell, Re (unreported, NSWCA, 10 April 1985) ............................................................................................................ SCR 55.0.120 An Allegation of Contempt of Court made by her Honour Judge Matthews, Re (unreported, NSWCA, 7 March 1984) ................................................................................................................................ SCR 55.0.120 An Alleged Incapable Person, Re (1959) 76 WN (NSW) 477 .................................................................................... r 57.3.40 An Alleged Incapable Person, Re (1959) 77 WN (NSW) 156 .................................................................................... r Pt57.60 An Alleged Incapable Person, Re (1990) 19 NSWLR 541 ......................................................................................... r 57.2.20 An Application Under Sections 32 and 33, Evidence on Commission Act 1995, Re; Ex Parte Attorney General (NSW) [2007] NSWSC 1501 ............................................................................... r 52.1.180, r 52.1.220 Anderson obh Numbahjing Clan within the Bundjalung Nation v NSW Minister for Planning (No 2) (2008) 163 LGERA 132; [2008] NSWLEC 272 ............................................................................................. r 42.1.260 Andersons Solicitors v Schigulski [2004] SASC 21; (2004) 88 SASR 1 .............................................................. CPA 102.20 Andrew v Andrew (No 3) [2013] NSWSC 286 ......................................................................................................... r 42.25.40 Andrew v Baradom Holdings Pty Ltd (in liq) (1995) 36 NSWLR 700 ................................................................... CPA 91.20 Andrew v Barnes (1888) 39 Ch D 133 ........................................................................................................................ r 42.5.40 Andrews v Caltex Oil (Aust) Pty Ltd (1982) 60 FLR 261; 40 ALR 305 ............................................................... r 42.21.140 Andrews v John Fairfax & Sons Ltd [1979] 2 NSWLR 184 .............................................................................. SCR 51.0.260 Andrews v John Fairfax & Sons Ltd [1980] 2 NSWLR 225 ................................................................... r 15.8.40, r 15.32.40 Andrews Advertising Pty Ltd v Andrews [2011] NSWSC 244 ...................................................................... r 5.6.40, r 5.8.40 Angel v Hawkesbury City Council [2008] Aust Torts Reports 81-955; [2008] NSWCA 130 ......... r 31.10.60, r 31.10.1000 Angliss v Urquhart [2001] NSWCA 441 ...................................................................................................................... r 23.4.60 Anglo-Cyprian Trade Agencies Ltd v Paphos Wine Industries Ltd [1951] 1 All ER 873 ...... r 42.1.50, r 42.1.60, r 42.1.62, CPA 98.40 Anglo-Cyprian Trade Agencies; Waterman v Gerling Insurance Company Pty Ltd (No 2) [2005] NSWSC 1111 ........................................................................................................................................................ CPA 98.40 Annot Lyle, The (1886) 11 PD 114 .......................................................................................................................... r 51.44.100 Anon, Re 16 Jur 995 ................................................................................................................................................. DCA 13.20 Anpor Holdings Pty Ltd v Swaab [2008] NSWSC 208 ........................................... r 1.16.40, r 1.16.60, r 45.2.40, r 45.6.80 Anpor Holdings Pty Ltd v Swaab [2011] NSWSC 1591 ............................................................................................ r 1.12.40 Ansett Australia Ground Staff Superannuation Fund Pty Ltd v Ansett Australia Ltd (2003) 176 FLR 393; [2003] VSCA 117 .............................................................................................................................. SCA 75.140 Ansett Transport Industries (Operations) Pty Ltd v Halton (1979) 25 ALR 639 ............................ SCA 66.220, SCA 75.160 Anthoness v Bland Shire Council (1960) 60 SR (NSW) 659; 77 WN (NSW) 506 ............................................. DCA 126.20 Anthony v Chris Savage Pty Ltd [2003] NSWSC 698 .............................................................................................. r 50.3.120 Anton Piller KG v Manufacturing Processes Ltd [1976] 1 Ch 55 ................... r 21.3.60, r 23.8.100, r Pt21.120, SC Gen 13 Antoniadis v TCN Channel 9 Pty Ltd (unreported, NSWSC, Levine J, 5 December 1997) ............................... SCR 55.0.80 Aon Risk Services Australia Ltd v Australian National University (2009) 239 CLR 175; [2009] HCA 27 ........................... r 31.4.60, r Pt14.140, r Pt31.40, CPA Pt6.20, CPA 14.40, CPA 57.20, CPA 58.40, CPA 64.20 Apache Northwest Pty Ltd v Western Power Corp (1998) 19 WAR 350 ................................................................... r 34.2.40 Apand Pty Ltd v Kettle Chip Co Pty Ltd (No 2) (1999) 88 FCR 568 ....................................................................... r 46.8.20 Apple Computer Inc v Popiolek [1984] VR 156 .................................................................................................... SCA 66.100 Appleton Papers Inc v Tomasetti Paper Pty Ltd [1983] 3 NSWLR 208 ............................................................... SCA 66.120 Application by Cottee, Re [2013] NSWSC 47 ............................................................................................................ r Pt55.40 Application by MGH and CJH, The; Re HCH [2015] NSWSC 1364 ..................................................................... r Pt56A.20 Application by the Chief Commissioner of Police (Vic), Re (2005) 79 ALJR 881; 214 ALR 422; [2005] HCA 18 ........................................................................................................................................................ r 4.2.100 Application for Partial Management Orders, Re [2014] NSWSC 1468 .................................................. r 57.3.30, r Pt57.100 Application of Central Commodities Services Pty Ltd, Re [1984] 1 NSWLR 25 ..................................................... r 26.4.80 Application of Harnett and Cutts [2016] NSWSC 427 ................................................................................................ r 54.3.20 Application of J and K, Re [2009] NSWSC 1453 ..................................................................................................... r 57.11.20

[All references are to paragraph numbers.] xxiv

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

Application of Macedonian Orthodox Community Church St Petka Inc, Re [2006] NSWSC 392 .......................... r Pt55.40 Application of Perpetual Trustee Co Ltd, Re [2003] NSWSC 1185 .......................................................................... r Pt55.40 Applications by Chief Commissioner of Police (Vic), Re (2004) 9 VR 275; [2004] VSCA 3 ................................. r 4.2.100 April Fine Paper Macao Commercial Offshore Ltd v Moore Business Systems Australia Ltd (2009) 75 NSWLR 619; [2009] NSWSC 867 .................................................................................................... r 42.21.110 Arabian Horse Assn Inc (NSW) v Olympic Co-ordination Authority [2005] NSWCA 210 .............................. SCA 101.140 Arabic Community Business Directory Pty Ltd v Arabic Australian Business Directory Pty Ltd (unreported, NSWSC, Young J, 21 March 1996) ............................................................................................. SCR 55.0.20 Araf Capital Funding Pty Ltd v Megaloudis [2006] NSWSC 1255 .......................................................... r 18.1.40, r 42.1.65 Arakella Pty Ltd v Paton (2004) 60 NSWLR 334; [2004] NSWSC 13 ....................................................................... r 7.6.40 Arhill Pty Ltd v General Terminal Co Pty Ltd (1990) 23 NSWLR 545 ................................................... r 11.5.40, r 33.5.40 Arian v Nguyen (2001) 33 MVR 37; [2001] NSWCA 5 ........................................................................... r 42.1.60, r 42.5.40 Arian v Nguyen [2001] NSWCA 5 ............................................................................................................................ CPA 98.40 Aristoc Industries Pty Ltd v RA Wenham (Builders) Pty Ltd [1965] NSWR 581 .................................................. CPA 93.40 Ark Hire Pty Ltd v Barwick Event Hire Pty Ltd [2007] NSWSC 488 ...................................................................... r 42.7.80 Armidale Dumaresq Council v Vorhauer (No 3) (2014) 205 LGERA 155; [2014] NSWLEC 50 ............................ r 40.8.60 Armstrong v Boulton [1990] VR 215 ........................................................................................................................ CPA 98.40 Armstrong Strategic Management & Marketing Pty Ltd v Expense Reduction Analysts Group Pty Ltd (2012) 295 ALR 348; [2012] NSWCA 430 ............................................................... r 21.2.100, r 21.3.240, r 21.5.40 Arnautovic v Cvitanovic (2011) 199 FCR 1; [2011] FCA 809 ............................................................................... r 31.13.120 Arnold v Forsythe [2012] NSWCA 18 ...................................................................................................... r 16.3.140, r 16.6.40 Arnott v Choy (No 2) [2010] NSWCA 336 ............................................................................................ r 42.13.40, r 42.15.50 Arons v McInerney (1899) 25 VLR 148 ...................................................................................................................... r 46.5.20 Aroona Developments Pty Ltd (in liq) v Killen (2004) 50 ACSR 668; [2004] NSWCA 363 ................. SCA 101.140, SCA 101.160, SCR 51.0.100 Arthur Andersen Corp Finance Pty Ltd v Buzzle Operations Pty Ltd [2009] NSWCA 104 ................ r 1.12.40, r 1.12.50, r 6.2.100, CPA 59.20 Arundel Chiropractic Centre Pty Ltd v Deputy Commissioner of Taxation (2001) 47 ATR 1; 179 ALR 406; [2001] HCA 26 ....................................................................................................................................... r 42.5.40 Aryzta Australia Pty Ltd v Jakimovski (No 2) [2016] NSWSC 48 ............................................................................ r 25.8.80 As New Printing Machinery Co Pty Ltd v Hymans Asset Management Pty Ltd [2009] NSWSC 222 ........................................................................................................................................................................ r 36.16.230 Ash Street Properties Pty Ltd v Pollnow (1987) 9 NSWLR 80; 18 ATR 935; 87 ATC 4609 ............................... r 31.14.100 Ashmere Cove Pty Ltd v Beekink (No 2) (2007) 244 ALR 534; [2007] FCA 1421 ................................................. r 6.19.40 Ashmore v Corp of Lloyds [1992] 1 WLR 446 ....................................................................................... r Pt2.20, CPA Pt6.20 Ashtiani v Kashi [1987] QB 888; [1986] 3 WLR 647; [1986] 2 All ER 970 ....................................................... SCA 66.240 Asia Pacific Glass Pty Ltd v Sindea Trading Co Pty Ltd (No 2) (2003) 47 ACSR 737; [2003] NSWSC 845 ........................................................................................................................................................... r 39.50.30 Asia Pacific Telecommunications Ltd v Optus Networks Pty Ltd [2005] NSWSC 550 ............................................ r 7.25.40 Asia Strategic Investment Alliances Pty Ltd v HIH Casualty & General Ltd [1999] NSWSC 601 ... r 42.5.40, r 42.21.200, r 42.21.400, r 42.21.410 Asian Investments Corp Ltd v Symons (unreported, NSW Sup Ct, Young J, 10 April 1996) .......................... SCA 75A.160 Aspar Autobarn Co-op Society v Dovola Pty Ltd (1987) 16 FCR 284; 74 ALR 550 ............................................... r 22.3.40 Aspinall v Sterling Mansell [1981] 3 All ER 866 ....................................................................................................... r 23.9.60 Assaf v Skalkos [2000] NSWSC 935 ...................................................................................................... r 42.15.40, r 42.15.80 Asset Risk Management Ltd v Hyndes [1998] AILR 5-160 ................................................................................. SCR 49.0.20 Asset Risk Management Ltd v Hyndes [1999] NSWCA 201 ............................................................................... SCR 49.0.20 Associated Dominions Assurance Society Pty Ltd v John Fairfax & Sons Pty Ltd (1955) 72 WN (NSW) 250 ............................................................................................................................................ r 33.2.60, r 33.4.120 Astronaut Travel Service Pty Ltd v Premier-Premal Pty Ltd (1973) 3 DCR (NSW) 225 ....................................... r 14.12.40 Asuzu v Bar Assn Council (NSW) [2012] NSWCA 406 .......................................................................................... r 13.4.130 Atanaskovic t/as Hartnell v Robey [2014] NSWSC 150 ........................................................................................... r 16.3.120 Atkins v The Great Western Railway Co (1886) 2 TLR 400 ............................................................... r 51.44.80, r 51.44.100 Atkinson v Zey [2008] NSWCA 30 ........................................................................................................................... r 42.15.40 Atlas v Miller (1898) 67 LJQB 301 ........................................................................................................................... r 53.7.180 Attard v James Legal Pty Ltd (2010) 80 ACSR 585; [2010] NSWCA 311 ............................................................. r 20.18.80 Attenborough v London and St Katherine’s Dock Co [1878] 3 CPD 450 ................................................................. r Pt43.40 Attorney-General v Able [1984] QB 795; [1983] 3 WLR 845; [1984] 1 All ER 277 .......................................... SCA 75.180

[All references are to paragraph numbers.] ©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

xxv

Table of Cases

TABLE OF CASES

TABLE OF CASES Attorney-General v Albany Hotel Co [1896] 2 Ch 696 ......................................................................................... SCA 66.220 Attorney-General v BBC [1979] 3 WLR 312; [1979] 3 All ER 45 ............................................ SCR 55.0.40, SCR 55.0.160 Attorney-General v Bar-Mordecai [2005] NSWSC 142 ............................................................................................ r 4.10.100 Attorney-General v Dyer [1947] Ch 67 ................................................................................................... r 21.3.220, r 22.2.200 Attorney-General v Leveller Magazine Ltd [1979] AC 440 ........................................................ SCR 55.0.40, SCR 55.0.160 Attorney-General v Permewan Wright Consolidated Ltd (unreported, NSWCA, 11 December 1978) ................................................................................................................................................................... SCA 66.100 Attorney-General v Times Newspapers Ltd [1974] AC 273 ................................................................................. SCR 55.0.40 Attorney-General v Wentworth (1988) 14 NSWLR 481 ........................................................................................... r 4.10.100 Attorney-General (Cth) v T & G Mutual Life Society Ltd (1978) 144 CLR 161; 52 ALJR 573; 19 ALR 385 ............................................................................................................................................ r 6.27.60, SCA 75.200 Attorney-General (NSW) v Beck [1980] 2 NSWLR 77 ......................................................................................... SCA 66.320 Attorney-General (NSW) v Chidgey (2008) 182 A Crim R 536; [2008] NSWCCA 65 ............................................ r 34.2.40 Attorney-General (NSW) v Hayden (1994) 34 NSWLR 638 ............................................................................... SCR 55.0.80 Attorney-General (NSW) v Homeland Community Ltd [2013] NSWSC 723 ........................................................... r Pt55.40 Attorney-General (NSW) v John Fairfax Publications Pty Ltd [1999] NSWSC 318 .......................................... SCR 55.0.40 Attorney-General (NSW) v Kennedy Miller Television Pty Ltd (1998) 43 NSWLR 729 ......................................... r 6.27.60 Attorney-General (NSW) v Mundey [1972] 2 NSWLR 887 ................................................................................. SCR 55.0.40 Attorney-General (NSW) v Nationwide News Pty Ltd (2007) 73 NSWLR 635; [2007] NSWCCA 307 ............................................................................................................................................................................ r 4.2.100 Attorney-General (NSW) v S ( unreported, Powell J, 15.11.84) ................................................................................. r 57.5.10 Attorney-General (NSW) v Whiley (1993) 31 NSWLR 314 .............................................................................. SCR 55.0.120 Attorney-General (NSW) v X (2000) 49 NSWLR 653; [2000] NSWCA 19 .............................. SCR 55.0.40, SCR 55.0.120 Attorney-General (NSW), Re [2011] NSWSC 773 .................................................................................................... r 52.1.220 Attorney-General (NSW) (Ex rel Clark) v Publishing & Broadcasting Ltd [1977] 2 NSWLR 813 .................... SCA 75.200 Attorney-General (NT) v Maurice (1986) 161 CLR 475 ........................................................................ r 21.3.240, r 22.2.220 Attorney-General (Qld) v Holland (1912) 15 CLR 46; [1912] ALR 480 ................................................................... r 6.27.60 Attorney-General (Qld) v T (1983) 57 ALJR 285 .................................................................................................. SCA 66.320 Attorney-General (Vic) v Brighton City [1964] VR 59; (1962) 18 LGRA 82 ........................................................... r 7.4.120 Attorney-General of New Zealand v Ortiz [1984] AC 1 ........................................................................................... r 53.1.160 Aughen v Poynter [2013] NSWSC 1052 .................................................................................................................... r 25.14.20 Augustus v Permanent Trustee Co (Canberra) Ltd (1971) 124 CLR 245 ........................................... r 54.3.20, SCR 68.2.20 Aus Steel Pty Ltd v Marco Properties Pty Ltd [2014] NSWSC 550 ............................................................................ r 5.3.60 Aussie Airlines Pty Ltd v Australian Airlines Ltd [1995] ATPR 41-444 ................................................................ r 42.21.110 Aussie Ideas Pty Ltd v Tunwind Pty Ltd [2006] NSWCA 286 .................................................................................. r 42.1.60 Austar Finance Group Pty Ltd v Campbel (2007) 215 FLR 464; [2007] NSWSC 1493 ............................................ r 3.7.80 Australasian Oil Exploration Ltd v Lachberg (1958) 101 CLR 119 ........................................................................ SCA 75.80 Australia & New Zealand Banking Group Limited v S [2014] NSWSC 1094 ..................................................... CPA 117.50 Australia & New Zealand Banking Group Ltd v Donnelly [2012] NSWSC 1615 .................................................... r 27.1.40 Australia & New Zealand Banking Group Ltd v Larcos (1987) 13 NSWLR 286 .................................................. CPA 65.20 Australia & New Zealand Banking Group Ltd v Law Society (NSW) [1976] 1 NSWLR 686 .............................. r 14.19.60 Australia Freyssinet Pty Ltd v Marlin International Pty Ltd [2002] NSWSC 892 ................................................... r 49.12.60 Australian Airport Services Pty Ltd v Commonwealth (1976) 10 ALR 167 ......................................................... SCA 75.220 Australian Beverage Distributors Pty Ltd v Evans & Tate Premium Wines Pty Ltd (2007) 69 NSWLR 374; [2007] NSWCA 57 ...................................................................................................................... CPA 135.30 Australian Broadcasting Corp v Lenah Game Meats Pty Ltd (2001) 208 CLR 199; 76 ALJR 1; 185 ALR 1; 54 IPR 161; [2001] Aust Torts Reports 81-627; [2001] HCA 63 ........ r Pt25.20, SCA 66.120, SCA 66.340 Australian Broadcasting Corp v Reading [2004] NSWCA 411 ................................................... DCA 76B.20, SCR 51.0.180 Australian Coarse Grain Pool Ltd v Barley Marketing Board (Qld) (1982) 57 ALJR 425 .................................. SCA 66.120 Australian Competition & Consumer Commission v Cadbury Schweppes Pty Ltd (2009) FCR 547; [2009] FCAFC 32 ........................................................................................................................................... r 31.4.80 Australian Competition & Consumer Commission v Giraffe World Australia Pty Ltd (1998) 84 FCR 512 .............................................................................................................................................................. SCA 66.220 Australian Competition and Consumer Commission v Air New Zealand Ltd (No 1) (2012) 207 FCR 448; [2012] FCA 1335 .................................................................................................................................... r 17.5.60 Australian Conservation Foundation Inc v Commonwealth (1980) 146 CLR 493 ............................................... SCA 75.160 Australian Consolidated Press Ltd v Bond (1982) 61 FLR 91 ................................................................................. r Pt21.120 Australian Consolidated Press Ltd v Morgan (1965) 112 CLR 483 .......................................................... r 40.3.60, r 40.6.60

[All references are to paragraph numbers.] xxvi

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

Australian Consolidated Press Ltd v Uren (1966) 117 CLR 185; [1966] HCA 37 .................................................. r 53.1.160 Australian Customer Target Information Co Pty Ltd v Cabool Holdings Pty Ltd [2003] NSWSC 753 ........................................................................................................................................................... r 43.2.80, r Pt43.40 Australian Executor Trustees Ltd v Lanmar Pty Ltd [2008] NSWSC 549 .......................................... r 16.3.140, r 36.16.240 Australian Federal Police, Commissioner of v Propend Finance Pty Ltd (1997) 188 CLR 501 .......... r 21.3.140, r 22.2.120 Australian Federation of Consumer Organisations Inc v Tobacco Institute of Australia Ltd (1991) 100 ALR 568; [1991] ATPR 41-114 ....................................................................................................................... r 42.5.40 Australian Financial Services and Leasing Pty Ltd v Hills Industries Ltd [2011] NSWSC 595 ............................. r 42.34.40 Australian Gas Light Co v Valuer-General (1940) 40 SR (NSW) 126; 57 WN (NSW) 53; 14 LGR (NSW) 149 ............................................................................................................................................................. r 50.3.260 Australian Guarantee Corp Ltd v Peeru (unreported, NSWSC, Young J, 7 November 1990) .................. r 23.8.40, r 23.8.60 Australian Hardboards Ltd v Hudson Investment Group Ltd (2007) 70 NSWLR 201; [2007] NSWCA 104 ............................................................................................................................................................ r 18.1.60 Australian Institute of Fitness (VIC & TAS), re [2016] NSWSC 1143 .................................................................... r 37.4.110 Australian Institute of Fitness (Vic & Tas), Re [2016] NSWSC 1143 ...................................................................... r 37.4.100 Australian Iron & Steel Ltd v Greenwood (1962) 107 CLR 308 .......................................................................... DCA 126.20 Australian Iron & Steel Pty Ltd v Buck [1982] 2 NSWLR 889 ............................................................................ SCA 66.240 Australian Iron & Steel Pty Ltd v Jumbo Scheepvaart Maatschappij (Curacao) NV (1988) 14 NSWLR 507 ............................................................................................................................................................. r 11.2.80 Australian Joint Stock Bank v Meldrum (1901) 18 WN (NSW) 233 ......................................................................... r 21.3.50 Australian Medical Imaging Pty Ltd v Marconi Medical Systems Australia Pty Ltd (2001) 53 NSWLR 1; [2001] NSWSC 651 ........................................................................................................................... r 31.3.120 Australian National Airlines Commission v Commonwealth (1975) 132 CLR 582; 6 ALR 433 ......................... SCR 1.8.40 Australian National Industries Ltd v Spedley Securities Ltd (in liq) (1992) 26 NSWLR 411; 9 ACSR 309 ................................................................................................................................................................ r 28.2.60 Australian Property & Management Pty Ltd v Devefi Pty L (unreported, NSWSC, Young J, 7 April 1997) ........................................................................................................................................................... r 31.13.120 Australian Secuirties & Investments Commission v Rich (2004) 49 ACSR 578; [2004] NSWSC 467 ............................................................................................................................................................................ r 24.4.40 Australian Secuirties & Investments Commission v Rich (2004) 50 ACSR 357; [2004] NSWSC 750 ............................................................................................................................................................................ r 24.4.40 Australian Securities & Investments Commission v Australian Investors Forum (2003) 44 ACSR 503; [2003] NSWSC 130 ........................................................................................................................................ r 26.7.40 Australian Securities & Investments Commission v Carey (No 12) (2007) 60 ACSR 597; [2007] FCA 35 ................................................................................................................................................................... r 26.4.100 Australian Securities & Investments Commission v Enterprise Solutions 2000 Pty Ltd [2001] QSC 082 ............................................................................................................................................................................ r 26.4.40 Australian Securities & Investments Commission v Farley (2001) 51 NSWLR 494; [2001] NSWSC 32 .................................................................................................................................. SCA 69.40, SCR 54.0.120 Australian Securities & Investments Commission v GDK Financial Solutions Pty Ltd (2006) 60 ACSR 447; 236 ALR 699; [2006] FCA 1415 ........................................................................................................ r 26.1.80 Australian Securities & Investments Commission v Hobbs [2012] NSWSC 1276 .................................................... r Pt35.40 Australian Securities & Investments Commission v Rich (2004) 49 ACSR 578; 22 ACLC 1125; [2004] NSWSC 467 ................................................................. r 31.3.120, r 31.3.1000, r 31.6.40, r 31.7.1000, r 32.13.60 Australian Securities & Investments Commission v Rich (2005) 190 FLR 242; 53 ACSR 110; [2005] 3 ABC(NS) 390; [2005] NSWSC 149 ................................................................................. r 20.23.60, r 31.23.140 Australian Securities & Investments Commission v Rich (2005) 218 ALR 764; 54 ACSR 326; 23 ACLC 1111; [2005] NSWCA 152 ........................................ r 31.18.1000, r 31.29.1000, r 31.30.1000, r Pt31.Div2.1000 Australian Securities & Investments Commission v Rich [2005] NSWSC 489 ........... CPA 26.60, CPA 26.80, CPA 26.160, CPA 27.10 Australian Securities & Investments Commission v Rich [2005] NSWSC 706 ......................................................... r 31.4.60 Australian Securities & Investments Commission v Rich (2006) 201 FLR 207; [2006] NSWSC 643 ................................................................................................................................................... r 31.13.160, r 31.14.180 Australian Securities & Investments Commission v Rich (2009) 236 FLR 1; [2009] NSWSC 1229 ...................... r 15.1.60 Australian Securities & Investments Commission v Sigalla (No 2) (2010) 240 FLR 327; [2010] NSWSC 792 ........................................................................................................................................................... r 25.11.20 Australian Securities & Investments Commission v Sweeney [2000] NSWSC 1249 ............................................ r 10.14.100 Australian Securities & Investments Commission v Sweeney (No 2) [2000] NSWSC 1211 ................................ r 12.11.140

[All references are to paragraph numbers.] ©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

xxvii

Table of Cases

TABLE OF CASES

TABLE OF CASES Australian Securities & Investments Commission v Sweeney (No 2) (2001) 38 ACSR 743; [2001] NSWSC 477 ................................................................................................................... r 10.14.60, r 10.14.100, r 11.3.100 Australian Securities & Investments Commission v Sydney Investment House Equities Pty Ltd [2008] NSWSC 796 ................................................................................................................................................. r 29.9.40 Australian Securities & Investments Commission v Sydney Investment House Equities Pty Ltd [2008] NSWSC 814 ............................................................................................................................ r 29.10.40, r 29.10.60 Australian Securities & Investments Commission v Yandal Gold Pty Ltd [2007] FCA 542 ..................................... r 18.1.60 Australian Securities Commission v Ampolex Ltd (1995) 38 NSWLR 504; 85 A Crim R 240 ........... r 21.7.40, r Pt21.140, SCA 75.20 Australian Securities Commission v Aust-Home Investments Ltd (1993) 44 FCR 194 ............................................ r 42.1.52 Australian Securities Commission v Macleod (1994) 54 FCR 309; 130 ALR 717 ................................................... r 17.7.80 Australian Securities Commission v Marlborough Gold Mines Ltd (1993) 177 CLR 485 .................................... SCA 45.40 Australian Specialised Meat Products Pty Ltd v Turner (1995) 11 NSWCCR 614 ..................... SCA 106.40, SCR 51.0.200 Australiawide Airlines Ltd v Aspirion Pty Ltd [2006] NSWCA 365 .................................... r 42.1.52, r 42.19.40, r 42.20.40 Austress Freyssinet Pty Ltd v Kowalski [2007] NSWSC 1105 ........................................... r 38.2.60, r Pt38.80, CPA 108.25 Autodesk Inc v Dyason (No 2) (1993) 176 CLR 300 ........................................................................ r 36.16.120, r 36.16.160 Averkin v Insurance Australia Ltd (No 2) [2016] NSWCA 150 ............................................................................... r 42.35.40 Award Accounting Pty Ltd v WGC Aust Pty Ltd [2016] NSWSC 1757 ................................................................... r Pt25.20 Ayoub v Perpetual Trustee Co Ltd [2011] NSWSC 606 ......................................................................................... r 14.28.140 Azar v Kathirgamalingan [2012] NSWCA 429 ............................................................................................................ r 7.14.65 Aztech Science Pty Ltd v Atlanta Aerospace (Woy Woy) Pty Ltd (2004) 51 ACSR 147; [2004] NSWSC 967 ........................................................................................................................................................... r 14.26.60 Aztech Science Pty Ltd v Atlanta Aerospace (Woy Woy) Pty Ltd (2005) 55 ACSR 1; [2005] NSWCA 319 .......................................................................................................................................................... r 14.26.60 Aztech Science Pty Ltd v Atlanta Aerospace (Woy Woy) Pty Ltd (2008) 187 A Crim R 245; [2008] NSWSC 908 .............................................................................................................................................. CPA 26.60 Azzi v Volvo Car Australia Pty Ltd (2007) 71 NSWLR 140; [2007] NSWSC 375 ............................................... CPA 30.40 Azzopardi v Smart (1992) 27 NSWLR 232 ......................................................................................................... SCR 78.0.100 Azzopardi v Tasman UEB Industries Ltd [1985] 4 NSWLR 139 ............................................................................. r 50.3.260

B B v Medical Superintendent of Macquarie Hospital (1987) 10 NSWLR 440 ............................................................ r Pt57.80 B v N (1994) 35 NSWLR 140 ........................................................................... r 21.3.200, r 22.2.180, r 33.9.120, r 33.13.40 B v Protective Commissioner [2000] NSWSC 718 ................................................................................................. r 31.23.160 B (TA), Re [1970] 2 WLR 835 ............................................................................................................................ SCA 75A.160 BB v DD [2015] NSWSC 1095 ................................................................................................................................ r Pt56A.20 BB v DD; Re AA and the Surrogacy Act 2010 (NSW) (No 2) [2015] NSWSC 1825 .......................................... r Pt56A.20 BCD v XYZ [2013] NSWSC 405 ................................................................................................................................ r Pt57.20 BGP Properties Pty Ltd v Lake Macquarie City Council (2004) 138 LGERA 237; [2004] NSWLEC 399 ........................................................................................................................................................ r 31.35.80 BHP Billiton Ltd v Schultz (2004) 221 CLR 400; [2004] HCA 61 .......................................................... r 44.3.40, r 44.5.60 BHP Petroleum Pty Ltd v Oil Basins Ltd [1985] VR 756 .......................................................... SCA 101.120, SCR 51.0.120 BIS Cleanaway (t/as CHEP) v Tatale [2007] NSWSC 378 ..................................................................................... r 31.13.140 BNY Trust Co of Australia Pty Ltd v Banksia Finance & Leasing Co Pty Ltd [2013] NSWSC 1776 ........................................................................................................................................................................ r 16.3.120 BP Exploration Co (Libya) Ltd v Hunt [1980] 1 NSWLR 496; (1980) 47 FLR 317 .......... r 6.43.60, r 6.43.80, r 11.6.40, r 14.10.40 BPTC Ltd (in liq) (No 2), Re (1992) 29 NSWLR 713; 10 ACLC 1431; 8 ACSR 533 .......................................... r 33.3.100 BT Funds Management Ltd, Re [2017] NSWSC 45 ................................................................................................... r Pt55.40 BTPC Ltd (in liq), Re (unreported, NSW Sup Ct, McLelland CJ in Eq, 4 April 1996) ..................................... SCR 68.2.20 Baby D (No 2), Re (2011) 258 FLR 290; 45 Fam LR 313; [2011] FamCA 176 ...................................................... r Pt57.20 Bagley v Pinebelt Pty Ltd [2000] NSWSC 830 ........................................................................................................... r 42.7.80 Bailey v Department of Land & Water Conservation (2009) 74 NSWLR 333; [2009] NSWCA 100 .................. r 21.3.40, r 21.3.120, r 21.3.140, r 22.2.40 Bailey v Federal Commissioner of Taxation (1977) 136 CLR 214; 51 ALJR 429 ................ r 15.1.40, r 15.10.60, r Pt15.20 Bailey v Marinoff (1971) 125 CLR 529; 45 ALJR 598 ..................................................... r 20.27.80, r 36.11.62, r 36.16.100

[All references are to paragraph numbers.] xxviii

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

Baillieu Knight Frank (NSW) Pty Ltd v Ted Manny Real Estate Pty Ltd (1992) 30 NSWLR 359; 10 ACSR 537 .................................................................................................................................... r 42.5.40, SCR 80.0.20 Baines v State Bank of New South Wales [1985] 2 NSWLR 729 ........................................................................ SCA 121.20 Bajramovic v Calubaquid (2015) 71 MVR 15; [2015] NSWCA 139 ....................................................................... r 18.1.160 Baker v Australian Asbestos Insulations Pty Ltd [1984] 3 NSWLR 595 ........................................................... SCA 75A.140 Baker v Campbell (1983) 153 CLR 52; [1983] HCA 39 .................................................... r 21.3.140, r 21.3.180, r 22.2.120 Baker v Towle (2008) 39 Fam LR 323; [2008] NSWCA 73 ................................................................... r 42.1.50, r 42.1.200 Baldry v Jackson [1976] 1 NSWLR 19 .................................................................................................................... r 14.28.200 Baldry v Jackson [1976] 2 NSWLR 415 ............................................................. r 6.28.40, r 14.17.40, r Pt43.20, CPA 64.40 Balenzuela v De Gail (1959) 101 CLR 226 ........................................................................................................... DCA 126.20 Ballabil Holdings Pty Ltd v Hospital Products Ltd [1985] 1 NSWLR 155; [1985] 3 ACLC 220 ... r Pt21.120, SCA 66.240 Ballard v Brookfield Australia Investments Ltd [2013] NSWCA 82 ................................................... r 18.1.160, r 42.21.600 Ballas v Theophilos (1957) 97 CLR 186 .............................................................................................................. SCA 101.140 Baltic Shipping Co v Dillon (1991) 22 NSWLR 1; [1991] ASC 56-039 ................................................................... r 42.5.40 Banabelle Electrical Pty Ltd v New South Wales [2005] NSWSC 714 ................................................................... r 20.24.60 Banfield v Wells-Eicke [1970] VR 481 ........................................................................................................................ r 7.4.120 Bank Polska Kasa Opieki Spolka Akcyjna v Opara (2010) 238 FLR 309; (2010) 238 FLR 309 .......... r 53.1.180, r 53.7.60 Bank Polska Kasa Opieki Spolka Akcyjna v Opara [2010] QSC 93; (2010) 238 FLR 309 ............. r 53.1.140, r 53.1.180, r 53.7.60 Bank Polska SA v Opara [2007] QSC 1 .................................................................................................................... r 53.7.220 Bank of New South Wales v Barlex Investments Pty Ltd (1964) 64 SR (NSW) 274 .......................................... CPA 117.40 Bank of New South Wales v Commonwealth Steel Co Ltd [1983] 1 NSWLR 69 .................................................... r 11.2.60 Bank of New South Wales v Withers (1981) 52 FLR 207; 35 ALR 21 ................................................................. r 14.28.180 Bank of New Zealand v Spedley Securities Ltd (in liq) (1992) 27 NSWLR 91 ................................................. SCA 75A.80 Bank of Queensland v Jensen [2011] NSWSC 1566 ..................................................................................................... r 9.1.60 Bank of Queensland Ltd v Grant [1984] 1 NSWLR 409 ....................................................................................... SCA 66.240 Bank of Western Australia Ltd v Coppola [2011] NSWSC 1326 ............................................................................... r 17.2.60 Bank of Western Australia Ltd v Daleport Pty Ltd (in liq) [2010] NSWSC 1207 ................................................. r 42.21.300 Bank of Western Australia Ltd v Tannous (No 4) [2013] NSWSC 182 ................................................................... r 18.1.160 Bankinvest Attorney-General v Seabrook (1988) 14 NSWLR 711; 92 FLR 153; 90 ALR 407 ............. r 8.2.60, r 44.5.60, r 44.5.120, r 44.6.60 Banks v Alphatise Pty Ltd [2014] NSWSC 1437 ........................................................................................................ r 15.4.40 Bankstown Football Club Ltd v CIC Insurance Ltd (1998) 10 ANZ Insurance Cases 61-406 ............................. r 14.14.200 Banque Commerciale SA (in liq) v Akhil Holdings Ltd (1990) 169 CLR 279; 64 ALJR 244; 92 ALR 53 ................................................................................................................................................. r 14.14.80, r Pt14.20 Bans Pty Ltd v Ling (1995) 36 NSWLR 435 ....................................................................................................... CPA 100.160 Baptist, Re (1903) 20 WN (NSW) 268 ...................................................................................................................... r 18.3.100 Bar Assn (NSW) v Muirhead (1988) 14 NSWLR 173 .......................................................................................... SCR 55.0.60 Bar Assn (NSW) v Stevens (2003) 52 ATR 602; [2003] NSWCA 95 ........................................................................ r 50.7.40 Bar Association (NSW) v Stevens (2003) 52 ATR 602; [2003] NSWCA 95 ........................................................... r 51.44.60 Barach v University of New South Wales (No 2) [2011] NSWSC 185 ................................................................. r 12.11.140 Barack v WTH Pty Ltd [2002] NSWSC 649 ........................................................................................................... r 31.23.100 Barakat v Bazdarova [2012] NSWCA 140 ................................................................................................................. r 42.15.50 Barakat v Goritsas [2012] NSWCA 8 ........................................................................................................................... r 50.7.40 Barbarian Motor Cycle Inc v Koithan (1984) 35 SASR 481 ...................................................................................... r 22.1.80 Barclay Mowlem Construction v Tesrol Walsh Bay [2005] NSWSC 944 ............................................... r 33.2.60, r 38.5.100 Barclays Bank Ltd v Piacun [1984] 2 Qd R 476 .................................................................................... r 53.7.120, r 53.7.140 Barclays Bank Ltd v Tom [1923] 1 KB 221 ............................................................................................................. CPA 22.80 Barescape Pty Ltd v Bacchus Holdings Pty Ltd (2011) 81 NSWLR 345; [2011] NSWSC 1002 .... r 31.26.40, r 31.26.1000 Baresic v Slingshot Holdings Pty Ltd (No 2) [2005] NSWCA 160 ......................................................................... r 42.15.80 Barker v Allanson [1937] 1 KB 463; [1937] 1 All ER 75 .......................................................................................... r 7.4.120 Barker & Taylor Pty Ltd v Cablemakers (ACT) Pty Ltd [1982] 1 NSWLR 719 .................................. r 9.8.60, SCA 49.120 Barnes v Federal Commissioner of Taxation (2007) 67 ATR 284; 242 ALR 601; [2007] FCAFC 88 ............................................................................................................................................................................ r 21.3.140 Barnett v Brown (1890) 6 TLR 463 ............................................................................................................................. r 43.2.60 Barnett v Rogers [1914] SALR 138 ........................................................................................................................... r 42.25.40 Barneys Blu-Crete Pty Ltd v Australian Workers’ Union (1979) 43 FLR 463 ....................................................... SCA 66.60 Barns and Smith’s Case, Re (1589) 74 ER 325 ...................................................................................................... CPA 117.10

[All references are to paragraph numbers.] ©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

xxix

Table of Cases

TABLE OF CASES

TABLE OF CASES Barp Nominees Pty Ltd [2016] NSWSC 990 .............................................................................................................. r Pt55.40 Barrell Insurances Pty Ltd v Pennant Hills Restaurants Pty Ltd (1983) 58 ALJR 51; 9 ALR 384 ........................ r 36.17.60 Barrett Property Group Ltd v Metricon Homes Pty Ltd (No 2) [2007] FCA 1823 ................................................... r 42.5.40 Barry, Re [1971] VR 395 ........................................................................................................................................ SCR 68.0.60 Bartlett v Coomber (No 2) [2008] NSWCA 282 ....................................................................................................... r 42.15.80 Barton v Australian Consolidated Press Ltd (1970) 92 WN (NSW) 729; [1970] 3 NSWR 141 ............................... r 23.8.40 Barton v Berman [1980] 1 NSWLR 63 ............................................................................ r 1.21.40, SCA 75A.40, SCA 51.20 Barton v Minister for Foreign Affairs (1984) 2 FCR 463; 54 ALR 586 ........................................... r 42.21.100, r 42.21.120 Bass v Permanent Trustee Co Ltd (1999) 198 CLR 334; 73 ALJR 522; [1999] HCA 9 ... r 28.2.40, r 28.2.60, SCA 75.140 Batchelor v Burke (1981) 148 CLR 448; 55 ALJR 494; 35 ALR 15 ......................................................................... r 36.7.40 Bateman’s Bay Local Aboriginal Land Council v Aboriginal Community Benefit Fund Pty Ltd (1998) 194 CLR 247; 54 ALD 609; [1998] HCA 49 .......................................... SCA 65.40, SCA 75.160, SCR 54.0.100 Bathurst Regional Council as Trustee for the Bathurst City Council Crown Reserves Reserve Trust v Thompson (No 2) [2012] NSWCA 420 ................................................................................................... r 42.15.70 Batistatos v Roads & Traffic Authority (NSW) (2006) 226 CLR 256; [2006] HCA 27 .......................................... r 13.4.120 Batterham v Makeig (No 2) [2009] NSWCA 314 .............................................................................. r 42.21.110, r 42.21.310 Batthyany v Walford (1887) 36 Ch D 269 ................................................................................................................... r 46.3.20 Baulderstone Hornibrook Engineering Pty Ltd v Gordian Runoff Ltd [2006] NSWSC 583 ............ r 42.1.100, r 42.15.50, r 42.15.80 Baulderstone Hornibrook Engineering Pty Ltd v Gordian Runoff Ltd (2008) 15 ANZ Insurance Cases 61-780; [2008] NSWCA 243 .......................................................................................................................... r 9.4.80 Baulderstone Hornibrook Engineering Pty Ltd v Gordian Runoff Ltd (No 2) (2009) 15 ANZ Insurance Cases 61-795; [2009] NSWCA 12 ................................................................... r 42.5.40, r 42.15.50, r 42.15.80 Baulderstone Hornibrook Pty Ltd v HBO & DC Pty Ltd [2001] NSWSC 821 ...................................................... CPA 15.40 Baulderstone Hornibrook Pty Ltd v Queensland Investment Corp [2011] NSWSC 127 .................. r 20.24.100, r 20.24.160 Bax Global (Australia) Pty Ltd v Evans (1999) 47 NSWLR 538 ................................................... SCA 66.240, SCA 66.260 Bay Marine Pty Ltd v Clayton Country Properties Pty Ltd (1986) 8 NSWLR 104 .................................................... r 7.1.60 Bayne v Blake (No 3) (1909) 9 CLR 366; [1909] HCA 60 ........................................................................................ r 42.5.40 Bazem Pty Ltd v Bureau of Urban Architecture [2010] NSWSC 978 ....................................................................... r 6.19.40 Be Financial Pty Ltd v Das [2012] NSWCA 164 ..................................................................................................... CPA 60.40 Beach Petroleum NL v Johnson (No 2) (1995) 57 FCR 119; [1995] FCA 1250 .................................................... CPA 98.80 Beach Petroleum NL v Kennedy (1999) 48 NSWLR 1; [1999] NSWCA 408 .......................................................... r 7.25.40 Beattie v Osman (No 3) [2009] NSWSC 824 ............................................................................................. r 31.1.90, r 31.2.40 Beaufort Air-Sea Equipment Pty Ltd v Emhart Australia Pty Ltd (unreported, NSW Sup Ct, Master Malpass, 18 December 1992) ............................................................................................ r 49.20.120, r 49.20.140 Beca Developments Pty Ltd v Idameneo (No 92) Pty Ltd (No 1) (unreported, NSWCA, 9 October 1990) .......................................................................................................................................... SCA 106.40, SCR 51.0.200 Bechara v Bates (No 3) [2015] NSWSC 1588 ........................................................................................................... r 16.3.110 Beck v Tuckey Pty Ltd (2004) 49 ACSR 555; 22 ACLC 633; [2004] NSWSC 357 ............................................. CPA 32.40 Beddoe, Re [1893] 1 Ch 547 ...................................................................................................................................... r 42.25.40 Beecham (Aust) Pty Ltd v Roque Pty Ltd (1987) 11 NSWLR 1; 89 FLR 238 ........................................ r 4.10.60, r 18.2.80 Beecham Group Ltd v Bristol-Myers Co [1979] VR 273 ........................................................................................... r 21.4.40 Beecham Group Ltd v Bristol Laboratories Pty Ltd (1968) 118 CLR 618 ........................................................... SCA 66.120 Belan v Casey [2002] NSWSC 58 ................................................................................................................................ r 7.25.40 Belgian Grain Produce Co v Cox & Co [1919] WN 317 ............................................................................................ r 36.4.60 Bell v David Jones Ltd (1948) 49 SR (NSW) 223; 66 WN (NSW) 62 ............................................................... DCA 126.20 Bell, Re; Ex parte Lees (1980) 146 CLR 141; 54 ALJR 412 ............................................................................... SCR 1.13.20 Bell Group Ltd (in liq) v Westpac Banking Corp (1998) 86 FCR 215; 166 ALR 699; 28 ACSR 343; [1998] FCA 849 ............................................................................................................................................. r 33.9.160 Bellamy v Bennett [1999] NSWSC 912 ..................................................................................................................... r 15.10.60 Bellevarde Constructions Pty Ltd v CPC Energy Pty Ltd (2011) 12 DCLR (NSW) 304; [2011] NSWDC 55 .............................................................................................................................................................. r 42.5.30 Bellgrove v Marine & General Insurance Services Pty Ltd (1996) 5 Tas R 409 ................................................... r 42.21.120 Bellingen Shire Council v Colavon Pty Ltd (2012) 188 LGERA 169; [2012] NSWCA 34 ............... r 14.7.80, r 14.14.40, r 14.14.80, CPA 14.40, CPA 14.1000, CPA 59.20 Bellissimo v JCL Investments Pty Ltd [2009] NSWSC 1260 ................................................................................. r 31.13.120 Belmont Finance Corp Ltd v Williams Furniture Ltd [1979] Ch 250 .................................................................... r 14.14.120 Benana Pty Ltd v Deputy Commissioner of Taxation (unreported, NSWCA, 26 April 1990) ............................... SCA 51.20

[All references are to paragraph numbers.] xxx

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

Bendigo & Adelaide Bank Ltd v Chowdhury [2012] NSWSC 592 ............................................................................ r 16.2.40 Bendir v Anson [1936] 3 All ER 326 ........................................................................................................................... r 6.19.40 Benefit Strategies Group Inc v Prider [2004] SASC 365 ............................................................................................ r 53.3.40 Benefit Strategies Group Inc v Prider (2005) 91 SASR 544; [2005] SASC 194 ............... r 53.1.160, r 53.7.180, r 53.7.220 Benefit Strategies Group Inc v Prider (2007) 211 FLR 113; [2007] SASC 250 ................................... r 53.1.180, r 53.7.200 Benjamin v Currie [1958] VR 259 ........................................................................................................................... r 14.14.180 Benjamin v Downs [1976] 2 NSWLR 199 ............................................................................................ r 7.23.40, SCA 75.160 Bennette v Cohen (No 2) [2009] NSWCA 162 ...................................................................................... r 42.15.45, r 42.15.50 Benpen Pty Ltd v Dyne (unreported, NSWSC, Master McLaughlin, 20 February 1998) ................................. SCR 55.0.220 Bentley v Nelson [1963] WAR 89 .............................................................................................................................. r 21.3.220 Benton v Scott’s Refrigerated Freightways [2008] NSWCA 143 ............................................................................. r 14.19.40 Beoco Ltd v Alfa Laval Co Ltd [1995] QB 137; [1994] 3 WLR 1179; [1994] 4 All ER 464 .............. r 42.1.62, CPA 98.40 Beran v John Fairfax Publications Pty Ltd [2004] NSWCA 107 ............... SCA 101.120, SCA 102.20, SCR 51.0.120, SCR 51.0.180 Berjaya Group (Aust) Pty Ltd v Ariff [2007] NSWSC 174 ..................................................................................... CPA 26.20 Berrico Estate Pty Ltd v Andersen [2003] NSWCA 23 ............................................................................................... r 42.1.62 BestCare Foods v Origin Energy [2012] NSWSC 574 ...................................................... r 20.20.60, r 20.24.60, r 20.24.160 BestCare Foods Ltd v Origin Energy LPG Ltd [2011] NSWSC 908 ....................................................................... r 20.14.60 Beswick v Beswick [1968] AC 58 .............................................................................................................................. r 39.49.60 Betfair Pty Ltd v Racing New South Wales (No 5) [2009] FCA 1011 ...................................................................... r 34.2.60 Bettergrow Pty Ltd v NSW Electricity Networks Operations Pty Ltd as trustee for NSW Electricity Networks Operations Trust t/as TransGrid [2017] NSWSC 658 ........................................................... r 7.1.50 Bevillesta Pty Ltd v D Tannous 2 Pty Ltd [2010] NSWCA 277 ................................................................................ r 42.7.80 Bhagat v Global Custodians Ltd [2002] NSWCA 160 .......................................................................................... SCR 55.0.40 Bhagat v Murphy [2000] NSWSC 892 .................................................................................................. r 42.21.90, r 42.21.110 Bhushan Steel Ltd v Severstal Export GmbH [2012] NSWSC 583 ......................................................................... r 25.14.20 Bi v Mourad [2010] NSWCA 17 ................................................................................................................ r 2.1.40, CPA 59.20 Re Bias Boating Pty Ltd [2017] NSWSC 1524 .......................................................................................... r 6.19.40, r 6.28.40 Bias Boating Pty Ltd [2017] NSWSC 1524 ................................................................................................................. r 6.19.40 Biba Ltd v Stratford Investments Ltd [1973] Ch 281 ................................................................................................ r 40.6.120 Bideena Pty Ltd, Re [2016] NSWSC 735 .................................................................................................................... r Pt55.40 Bik v Mirror Newspapers Ltd [1979] 2 NSWLR 679 ............................................................................................. r 14.28.180 Bilbao v Farquhar [1974] 1 NSWLR 377 ........................................................................................ SCA 65.40, SCR 54.0.100 Bilous v Mudaliar (No 2) [2006] NSWCA 239 ........................................................................................................... r 42.5.40 Bilyak v Pesor [2012] NSWSC 193 ............................................................................................................................. r Pt46.20 Binks v North Sydney Council [2001] NSWSC 27 .................................................................................. r 21.8.40, r 21.12.40 Bio Transplant Inc v Bell Potter Securities Ltd [2008] NSWSC 694 ......................................................................... r 42.1.62 Birch v Birch [1902] P 130 ......................................................................................................................................... r 53.7.180 Birchall v Bullough [1896] 1 QB 325 ................................................................................................. r 31.13.160, r 31.14.180 Birkai Pty Ltd v Permanent Custodians Ltd (1994) 35 NSWLR 178 ....................................................................... r 20.18.60 Birkett v James [1978] AC 297 .................................................................................................... SCA 101.120, SCR 51.0.120 Birmingham v London [1913] 3 KB 850 ..................................................................................................................... r 21.4.40 Birrell v Australian National Airlines Commission (1984) 1 FCR 526 .................................................................... r 21.3.160 Bishop v Bridgelands Securities (1990) 25 FCR 311; [1990] 41-060 ........................................................................ r 6.19.40 Bissicks v Bath Colliery Co Ltd (1878) 3 Ex D 174 ............................................................................................. CPA 106.60 Bisyk (No 2), Re (1980) 32 OR (2d) 281 .................................................................................................................... r 42.5.40 Bitannia Pty Ltd v Parkline Constructions Pty Ltd [2009] NSWCA 32 ................................................ r 42.19.40, r 42.20.40 Black v Garnock (2007) 230 CLR 438; 81 ALJR 1338; [2007] HCA 31 ....................................... CPA 112.20, CPA 113.30 Blacker v Parnell [1978] 1 NSWLR 616 ............................................................................................................... SCA 75A.40 Blagojevch v Australian Industrial Relations Commission (2000) 98 FCR 45; 98 IR 32; 172 ALR 611; [2000] FCA 483 .......................................................................................................................... r 42.15.50, r 42.15.80 Blair v Curran (1939) 62 CLR 464 .......................................................................................................................... r 14.14.200 Blake v John Fairfax Publications Pty Ltd [2001] NSWSC 885 ............................................................................. CPA 26.60 Blake v Norris (1990) 20 NSWLR 300 ...................................................................................................................... r 44.5.100 Blake, Re (1885) 29 Ch D 913 ..................................................................................................................................... r Pt54.20 Blanchfield v Johnston [2007] NSWSC 143 .............................................................................................................. r 42.4.100 Bloeman v Atkinson [1977] Qd R 291 ......................................................................................................................... r 14.9.60 Blohn v Desser [1962] 2 QB 116 ................................................................................................................................. r 53.3.40

[All references are to paragraph numbers.] ©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

xxxi

Table of Cases

TABLE OF CASES

TABLE OF CASES Blue Wedges Inc v Minister for the Environment, Heritage & the Arts (2008) 165 FCR 211; 245 ALR 584; [2008] FCA 8 ....................................................................................................................................... r 42.1.300 Blueseas Investments Pty Ltd v Mitchell (1999) 151 FLR 298; 25 Fam LR 65; [1999] FLC 92-856; [1999] FamCA 745 .................................................................................................................................... r 42.5.40 Blunt v Park Lane Hotel Ltd [1942] 2 KB 253 ...................................................................................... r 21.3.160, r 22.2.140 Boardman v Boardman (2012) 10 ASTLR 138; [2012] NSWSC 1257 ................................................................... CPA 30.25 Boart Longyear Ltd (No 3), In the matter of [2017] NSWSC 1227 ........................................................................ CPA 98.70 Bobolas v Waverley Council (2012) 187 LGERA 63; [2012] NSWCA 126 .............................................................. r 7.18.60 Bobolas v Waverly Council (2016) 92 NSWLR 406; 217 LGERA 56; [2016] NSWCA 139 ................................ CPA 63.20 Bogeta Pty Ltd v Wales [1977] 1 NSWLR 139 .................................................................................................... SCR 1.13.20 Boian, Re (2014) 17 BPR 33005; [2014] NSWSC 800 .............................................................................................. r Pt55.40 Boileau v Rutlin (1848) 2 Ex 665; 154 ER 657 ........................................................................................................ r Pt17.180 Bolckow Vaughan & Co v Fisher (1882) 10 QBD 161 .............................................................................. r 22.3.40, r 22.3.60 Boles v Esanda Finance Corp Ltd (1989) 18 NSWLR 666 .................................................................................... r 14.14.220 Bolger v McDermott (No 2) [2013] NSWSC 1330 ..................................................................................................... r 42.5.40 Bolkiah v KPMG [1999] 2 AC 222; [1999] 2 WLR 215; [1999] 1 All ER 517 ....................................................... r 7.25.40 Bolwell Fibreglass Pty Ltd v Foley [1984] VR 97 ...................................................................................................... r 28.5.60 Bomanite Pty Ltd v Slatex Corp Aust Pty Ltd (1991) 32 FCR 379; 104 ALR 165 .................................................. r 31.4.60 Bon Appetit Family Restaurant Pty Ltd v Mongey [2009] NSWCA 14 ..................................................................... r 42.5.40 Bond Brewing Holdings Ltd v National Australia Bank Ltd (1990) 1 ACSR 445 .................................................. r 26.1.100 Bond Brewing Holdings Ltd v National Australia Bank Ltd [1991] 1 VR 386; [1990] 1 ACSR 445 ......................................................................................................................................................... r 26.1.60, r 26.1.100 Bond Media Ltd v John Fairfax Group Pty Ltd (1988) 16 NSWLR 82 ............................................... r Pt17.145, r Pt17.150 Bookarelli Pty Ltd v Katanga Developments Pty Ltd [2017] NSWCA 69 ............................................................... r 42.1.100 Booksan Pty Ltd v Wehbe (No 2) [2006] NSWCA 103 ............................................................................................ r 42.1.120 Booth v Kendall [2009] QSC 237 ................................................................................................................................ r 23.9.60 Boral Recycling Pty Ltd v Wake [2009] NSWSC 712 ......................................................................... r 31.13.60, r 31.13.120 Boral Resources (NSW) Pty Ltd v Gangi [2014] NSWCA 287 .............. CPA Pt7.Div2.60, CPA Pt7.Div2.1000, CPA 98.20 Boronia Park Preservation Group v MSMG Developments Pty Ltd (2015) 209 LGERA 259; [2015] NSWLEC 112 .............................................................................................................................................. r 25.8.60 Borowiak v Hobbs [2006] NSWSC 1089 ................................................................................................................... r 16.3.140 Bostik Australia Pty Ltd v Liddiard (No 2) [2009] NSWCA 304 .......................................................... r 42.1.100, r 42.1.120 Boswell v Coaks (No 2) (1894) 6 R 167; 86 LT 365 ................................................................................................ r 53.7.180 Botany Bay Instrumentation & Control Pty Ltd v Stewart [1984] 3 NSWLR 98 ............ r 33.4.60, r 33.4.100, r 33.4.120, r 34.1.40 Bott v Carter [2012] NSWCA 89 ............................................................................................................ r 13.4.130, CPA 56.40 Bouras v Grandelis (2005) 65 NSWLR 214; [2005] NSWCA 463 ........................................................... r 42.2.50, r 42.5.30 Bourke v Hamilton [1977] 1 NSWLR 470 ............................................................................................................. SCA 75.280 Bouton v Labiche (1994) 33 NSWLR 225 ................................................................................................................. r 53.7.220 Bowditch v NSW Trustee & Guardian [2012] NSWSC 702 ..................................................................................... r 42.1.200 Bowen Investments Pty Ltd v Tabcorp Holdings Ltd (No 2) [2008] FCAFC 107 .................................................. r 42.1.120 Boyd v Thorn [2017] NSWCA 210 ............................................................. r 6.24.40, CPA 103.40, CPA 112.20, CPA 112.22 Boyes v Colins (2000) 23 WAR 123; [2000] WASCA 344 ............................................................... r 21.3.140, r 31.10.1000 Boyle v Downs [1979] 1 NSWLR 192 ........................................................................................................................ r 22.1.80 Boyle v Victoria Yukon Trading Co (1902) 9 BCR 213 ........................................................................ r 53.1.180, r 53.7.200 Boyton v Clancy (unreported, NSWSC, Master McLaughlin, 3 October 1997) ..................................................... SCA 75.20 Bracks v Smyth-Kirk [2009] NSWCA 401 ................................................................................................................ r 51.22.60 Bradley v Commonwealth (1973) 128 CLR 557 .................................................................................................... SCA 75.260 Branson v Tucker [2012] NSWCA 310 ........................................................................................................................ r 17.7.60 Bray v Ford [1896] AC 44 ...................................................................................................................................... DCA 126.20 Braybrook, Re [1916] WN (Eng) 74 .............................................................................................................................. r 7.4.40 Brayley v Wilton [1976] 2 NSWLR 495 ................................................................................................. r 21.3.180, r 22.2.160 Breakout Barrier Release Systems Pty Ltd v Breakout Barrier Release Systems Australasia Ltd (Costs) [2013] NSWSC 1955 .................................................................................................................................. r Pt46.20 Breen v Doyle (1920) 37 WN (NSW) 258 .............................................................................................................. CPA 117.40 Breen v Williams (1996) 186 CLR 71; 43 ALD 481 ................................................................................................ r Pt21.120 Breheny v Cairncross [2002] NSWCA 69 ................................................................................................. r 13.4.100, r 29.9.80 Bremner v Sinclair (No 2) [1999] NSWCA 407 ........................................................................... SCA 106.40, SCR 51.0.200

[All references are to paragraph numbers.] xxxii

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

Brew v Whitlock (No 3) [1968] VR 504 ................................................................................................................... r 36.17.80 Bridge Shipping Pty Ltd v Grand Shipping SA (1991) 173 CLR 231; 66 ALJR 76 ..................... CPA 65.400, DCA 161.60 Bridgetown/Greenbushes Friends of the Forest Inc v Department of Conservation & Land Management (1997) 18 WAR 102; 93 LGERA 436 ......................................................................................... SCA 66.120 Briffa v Rail Corporation (NSW)(No 2) [2014] NSWDC 225 .................................................................................. r 42.18.40 Bright v Sampson & Duncan Enterprises Pty Ltd [1985] 1 NSWLR 346 ....... r 14.14.80, r 14.14.100, SCA 75A.160, SCA 106.20 Brimaud v Honeysett Instant Print Pty Ltd (1988) 217 ALR 44 .............................................................................. r 18.1.160 Brimelow v Sharpe [2012] NSWCA 345 ................................................................................................................... r 50.3.160 Brimson v Rocla Concrete Pipes Ltd [1982] 2 NSWLR 937 .................................................................. r 13.4.80, r 13.4.120 Brincat v Kilsby [1983] 1 VR 625 ........................................................................................................... r 6.18.40, CPA 24.40 Brisbane City Council v Valuer-General (Qld) (1978) 140 CLR 41; 52 ALJR 768; 21 ALR 607 .......... r 6.36.60, r 6.39.40 Brisbane Land Pty Ltd v Pine Rivers Shire Council [2000] 1 Qd R 493; [1998] QCA 25 ...................................... r 53.2.60 Brisbane South Regional Health Authority v Taylor (1996) 186 CLR 541 ............................................................. CPA 65.20 British American Tobacco Australia Ltd v Gordon [2006] NSWSC 1473 ............................................................... r 21.10.40 British American Tobacco Australia Services Ltd v Blanch [2004] NSWSC 70 ....................................................... r 7.25.40 British American Tobacco Australia Services Ltd v Cowell (2002) 7 VR 524; [2002] VSCA 197 ...................... r 14.28.180 British American Tobacco Australia Services Ltd v Eubanks (2004) 60 NSWLR 483; [2004] NSWCA 158 ..... r 21.7.40, r 31.6.40, r 31.6.1000, r 52.1.100, r 52.1.120, r 52.1.160, r 52.1.220, r 52.6.20, r Pt21.140, r Pt52.60 British American Tobacco Australia Services Ltd v Sharon Y Eubanks for the United States of America (2004) 60 NSWLR 483; [2004] NSWCA 158 ........................................................................................ r Pt52.20 British Franco Electric Pty Ltd v Dowling Plastics Pty Ltd [1981] 1 NSWLR 448 ............................................ SCA 66.360 British Thomson Houston Co Ltd v British Insulated & Helsby Cables Ltd [1924] 2 Ch 160 ................................ r 17.6.60 Brittain v Commonwealth [2004] NSWCA 83 .................................................................................................... SCA 75A.180 Brockley Cabinet Co Ltd v Pears (1972) 20 FLR 333 ........................................................................... r 53.7.120, r 53.7.140 Bromhead v Graham (No 2) [2007] NSWSC 710 ....................................................................................................... r 42.7.80 Bromley v Housing Commission (NSW) [1985] 3 NSWLR 407 ............................................................................ SCA 49.20 Broome v Cassell & Co Ltd [1972] AC 1027 .......................................................................................... r 15.8.40, r 53.1.160 Brown v Bluestone Property Services Pty Ltd [2010] NSWSC 869 .......................................................................... r Pt25.20 Brown v Brown (1993) 31 NSWLR 582 ....................................................................................... SCA 106.40, SCR 51.0.200 Brown v Dean [1910] AC 373 ....................................................................................................... DCA 126.20, SCA 75A.100 Brown, In the marriage of (1991) 105 FLR 329; 15 Fam LR 69 ............................................................................. r 42.21.60 Brown, Janson & Co v Hutchinson & Co [1895] 1 QB 737 .................................................................................... r 39.48.30 Brown (No 2), Re [2016] NSWSC 1752 ...................................................................................................................... r 55.3.10 Browne v Commissioner for Railways (1935) 36 SR (NSW) 21 ......................................................................... SCR 1.13.20 Browning v Bitupave Ltd (No 2) [2008] NSWSC 81 ............................................................................................... r 42.1.100 Browning v Crowley [2004] DFC 95-292; [2004] NSWSC 128 ............................................................................. CPA 26.60 Brundza v Robbie & Co (No 2) (1952) 88 CLR 171; 27 ALJ 422 ........................................................................ r 42.21.400 Brunskill v Sovereign Marine & General Insurance Co Ltd (1985) 59 ALJR 842 ................... SCA 101.120, SCR 51.0.120 Bryant v Commonwealth Bank of Australia (1994) 51 FCR 529; 123 ALR 642 .................................................. r 14.14.220 Bryant v Hawkesbury Radio Communication Co-op Society Ltd [2014] NSWSC 848 ......................................... CPA 28.40 Brych v Herald & Weekly Times Ltd [1978] VR 727 .......................................................................................... SCR 55.0.40 Brydon v Australian Rail Track Corp Ltd [2014] NSWSC 1560 .................................................................................. r 5.2.40 Brymount Pty Ltd (t/a Watson Toyota) v Cummins [2005] NSWCA 69 .................................................................. r 42.15.80 Buckingham Gate International Pty Ltd v Australia & New Zealand Banking Group Ltd (2000) 35 ACSR 411; [2000] NSWSC 946 ............................................................................................................................. r 42.5.40 Buckley v Bennell Design & Constructions Pty Ltd [1974] 1 ACLR 301 ............................................................. r 42.21.110 Buckman v Rose-Rapmund [2015] NSWSC 311 ......................................................................................................... r 18.1.60 Buckmaster v Meiklejohn (1853) 8 Ex 634; 155 ER 1506 ....................................................................................... r Pt17.180 Budniak (No 2), Re [2015] NSWSC 1317 .............................................................................................. r 42.23.40, r 42.25.40 Builders Licensing Board v Sperway Constructions (Syd) Pty Ltd (1976) 135 CLR 616 ...................................... r 50.16.60 Bull v Lee (No 2) [2009] NSWCA 362 ........................................................................................... r Pt 51 Div 5 Subdiv 4.20 Bullabidgee Pty Ltd v McCleary (No 2) [2011] NSWCA 343 ................................................................................... r 42.1.70 Bullock v Federated Furnishing Trades Society of Australasia (No 2) (1985) 5 FCR 464; 10 IR 18 ................. SCA 66.120 Bullock v London General Omnibus Co [1907] 1 KB 264; [1904-7] All ER Rep 44; 76 LJKB 127; 95 LT 905; 23 TLR 62 ................................................................................................................. r 6.21.40, r 42.1.100 Bunting v Venville [1980] VR 633 ........................................................................................................................ SCR 1A.2.40

[All references are to paragraph numbers.] ©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

xxxiii

Table of Cases

TABLE OF CASES

TABLE OF CASES Burchett v Kane [1980] 2 NSWLR 266 .................................................................................................................. SCA 106.20 Burmah Oil Co Ltd v Bank of England [1980] AC 1090; [1979] 3 WLR 722; [1979] 3 All ER 700 .......................................................................................................................................................................... r 21.3.200 Burnett v Burnett [1903] 3 SR (NSW) 513 ......................................................................................................... SCR 55.0.220 Burns v Greig [1967] VR 871 .................................................................................................................................... r 51.23.40 Burrell v The Queen (2008) 238 CLR 218; [2008] HCA 34 ..................... r 20.27.80, r 36.16.100, r 36.16.140, r 36.16.200 Burstall v Beyfus (1884) 26 Ch D 35 ........................................................................................................................ r Pt21.120 Buses + 4WD Hire Pty Limited v Oz Snow Adventures Pty Ltd [2016] NSWSC 1017 ............................................ r 7.1.50 Bushby v Dixon Homes du Pont Pty Ltd (2010) 78 NSWLR 111; [2010] NSWSC 234 .................................... DCA 134.80 Bushwall Properties Ltd v Vortex Properties Ltd [1975] 1 WLR 1659; [1975] 2 All ER 214 ........................... CPA 100.180 Business Acquisitions Australia Pty Ltd v Renshall [2006] NSWSC 1399 ................................................................ r 42.5.40 Business Insurance Australia Pty Ltd v District Court (NSW) [2006] NSWCA 383 ..................... r 49.8.100, DCA 18FB.40 Business in Focus (Aust) Pty Ltd v Begun Property Pty Ltd [2006] FCA 264 ......................................................... r 42.1.65 Buxton & Lysaught Pty Ltd v Buxton [1977] 1 NSWLR 285 ................................................. r 9.8.60, r 22.2.60, r Pt21.120 Buzera Pty Ltd v Mezan Enterprises Pty Ltd [1998] NSW ConvR 55-851 ......................................................... SCR 1.13.20 Buzrio Pty Ltd v Consumer, Trader & Tenancy Tribunal (NSW) (No 4) [2010] NSWSC 41 .................................. r 42.1.57 Buzzle Operations Pty Ltd v Apple Computer Australia Pty Ltd (2009) 74 NSWLR 469; [2009] NSWSC 225 .............................................................................................................................................. r 1.9.60, r 31.4.80 Byrne v Byrne [2011] NSWSC 1437 ...................................................................................................... r 20.14.60, r 20.22.40 Byrne Lewis Group Pty Ltd v Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Ltd [2014] NSWSC 172 ........................................................................................................................................................................ r 42.21.110

C C v B [2013] NSWSC 254 ........................................................................................................................................ r Pt56A.20 C v L [2002] Fam CA 163 .......................................................................................................................................... r 31.16.80 C v S [1979] 2 NSWLR 598 ................................................................................................................................ SCR 69.0.100 C v W [2015] NSWSC 1774 ........................................................................................................................................ r Pt57.40 C v W (No 2) [2016] NSWSC 945 ............................................................................................................................ r Pt57.160 C, Re [2012] NSWSC 1097 .......................................................................................................................................... r Pt57.20 C & L Cameron Pty Ltd, Re [2012] NSWSC 676 .................................................................................... r 25.3.60, r 55.11.20 C G Maloney Pty Ltd v Hutton-Potts [2006] NSWCA 136 ...................................................................................... r 42.18.40 C G Maloney Pty Ltd v Noon [2011] NSWCA 397 ................................................................................................ r 14.14.220 C7 Pty Ltd v Foxtel Management Pty Ltd [2002] FCA 1189 ....................................................................................... r 5.3.60 CAC v Department of Family & Community Services [2014] NSWSC 1855 ....................................... r Pt57.20, r Pt57.200 CAC v Secretary, Department of Family and Community Services (No 2) [2015] NSWSC 344 .......................... r Pt57.200 CBA Investments Ltd v Northern Star Ltd (No 2) [2002] NSWCA 146 ................................................................. r 42.15.80 CBS Productions Pty Ltd v O’Neill [1985] 1 NSWLR 601 .................................................................... r 28.2.60, r 28.2.140 CBX2 Pty Ltd v National Australia Bank Limited (No 3) [2015] NSWSC 1555 .................................................. r 42.21.110 CBX2 Pty Ltd v National Australia Bank Ltimited (No 3) [2015] NSWSC 1555 ................................................ r 42.21.110 CCOM Pty Ltd v Jiejing Pty Ltd (1992) 37 FCR 1; 109 ALR 673 ........................................................................... r Pt34.20 CCR v Ps (No 2) (1986) NSWLR 622 ................................................................................................ CPA 98.100, r Pt57.200 CCW v Children’s Guardian [2017] NSWSC 988 ..................................................................................................... r 50.16.60 CDJ v VAJ (1998) 197 CLR 172; [1998] HCA 67 ............................................................................................. SCA 75A.140 CG Maloney Pty Ltd v Noon [2011] NSWCA 397 ................................................................................................. r 14.14.220 CGI Information Systems & Management Consultants Pty Ltd v APRA Consulting Pty Ltd (2003) 47 ACSR 100; [2003] NSWSC 728 ....................................................................................................................... r 42.5.40 CGU Insurance Ltd v Bazem Pty Ltd [2011] NSWCA 81 .......................................................................................... r 6.19.40 CGU Insurance Ltd v Malaysia International Shipping Corp Berhad (2001) 187 ALR 279; [2001] FCA 1223 .................................................................................................................................................... r 5.2.40, r 5.3.60 CJ v AKJ [2015] NSWSC 498 ................................................................................................. r 7.14.50, r Pt57.20, r Pt57.100 CSI International Co Ltd v Archway Personnel (Middle East) Ltd [1980] 1 WLR 1069; [1980] 3 All ER 215 ................................................................................................................................................................. r 9.1.60 CSR v Eddy (2005) 226 CLR 1; (2005) 222 ALR 1; (2005) 80 ALJR 59; [2005] HCA 64 .................................... r 42.1.62 CSR Ltd v Cigna Insurance Australia Ltd (1997) 189 CLR 345; 71 ALJR 1143; 146 ALR 402 ......... r 13.4.200, r Pt25.20 Cabassi v Ferrando (1940) 64 CLR 130 ..................................................................................................................... r 53.7.180 Cadbury Pty Ltd v Amcor Ltd (No 2) [2009] FCA 663 .............................................................................................. r 34.2.60 Cadence Australia Pty Ltd v Chew [2008] NSWSC 1074 .......................................................................................... r 23.8.40

[All references are to paragraph numbers.] xxxiv

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

Cadence Australia Pty Ltd v Chew [2008] NSWSC 1076 ......................................................................... r 23.8.40, r 23.8.60 Caine v Lumley General Insurance Ltd (No 2) [2008] NSWCA 109 ....................................................................... r 42.15.50 Cains v Wadiwel [2007] NSWSC 207 ................................................................................................... CPA 26.20, CPA 28.20 Caird Seven Pty Ltd v Attia (No 3) (2016) 92 NSWLR 457; [2016] NSWSC 1452 ................................................ r 26.1.60 Caird Seven Pty Ltd v Mina Attia and Shopsmart Pharmacy Franchising Pty Ltd (No 3) [2016] NSWSC 1452 ...................................................................................................................................................... CPA 138.30 Cairns v Cairns [2006] NSWSC 364 ............................................................................................................................ r 35.2.40 Cairns v Unicomb [2005] NSWSC 1279 ....................................................................................................................... r 5.3.60 Calandra v Murden [2015] NSWCA 231 ................................................................................................................ CPA 133.60 Calderbank v Calderbank [1975] 3 All ER 333; [1975] 3 WLR 586; [1976] Fam 93 ................... r 42.15.80, Pt 20.Div4.20 Calderbank v Calderbank [1975] 3 WLR 586 ...................................................................................... r 42.13.40, r 42.13A.20 Calderbank v Calderbank [1976] Fam 93; [1975] 3 All ER 333; [1975] 3 WLR 586 .............................................. r 42.5.40 Calin v Greater Union Organisation Pty Ltd (1991) 173 CLR 33 ......................... SCA 106.20, SCA 106.40, SCR 51.0.200 Callen v Partridge (1962) 80 WN (NSW) 211; [1962] NSWR 1052 ......................................................................... r 24.3.40 Caltex Oil (Australia) Pty Ltd v The Dredge Willemstad (1976) 136 CLR 529; 51 ALJR 270; 11 ALR 227 ................................................................................................................................................................. r 10.19.40 Caltex Refineries (Qld) Pty Ltd v Stavar [2009] NSWCA 258 (2009) 75 NSWLR 649 ......................................... r 13.4.140 Cambridge v Anastasopoulos [2012] NSWCA 405 .................................. r 31.29.80, r 31.29.1000, r 31.30.80, r 31.30.1000 Cambridge Credit Corp Ltd v Surfers’ Paradise Forests Ltd [1977] Qd R 261 .................................................... SCA 66.220 Camera Care Ltd v Victor Hasselblad Aktiebolag [1986] 1 FTLR 348 ..................................................................... r Pt11.60 Cameron v Cole (1944) 68 CLR 571 ............................................................................. r 36.15.40, r 36.16.220, SCR 1.13.20 Cameron v Hogan (1934) 51 CLR 358; [1934] VLR 280 ..................................................................................... SCA 75.300 Cameron v Ofria [2007] NSWCA 37 ........................................................................................................................... r 42.7.80 Cameron’s Unit Services Pty Ltd v Kevin R Whelpton & Assocs (Aust) Pty Ltd (1986) 13 FCR 46; 11 ACLR 43 .................................................................................................................................................. r 42.21.100 Campbell v Crane (2013) 17 BPR 32483; [2013] NSWCA 43 ................................................................................. r 20.14.60 Campbell v Metway Leasing Ltd [1998] ATPR 41-630 .............................................................................................. r 15.1.60 Campbells Cash & Carry Pty Ltd v Fostif Pty Ltd (2006) 229 CLR 386; 80 ALJR 1441; [2006] HCA 41 ...................................................................................................................................................................... r 7.4.60 Canada Bay Council v F & D Bonaccorso Pty Ltd (No 3) [2008] NSWCA 57 ...................................................... r 42.1.120 Canas Pty Co v KL Television Ltd [1970] 2 QB 433 .............................................................................................. CPA 20.20 Candler v South Australian Institute of Technology (1973) 6 SASR 162 ................................................................ r 14.26.80 Candy v GIO General Ltd [2013] NSWSC 810 .......................................................................................................... r 17.2.60 Cann v Gray (1956) 73 WN (NSW) 239 ............................................................................................................... DCA 156.20 Cantarella Bros Pty Ltd v Schaerer [1998] NSWSC 473 ........................................................................................ r 11.10.120 Capaan v Joss, Managing Director, Westpac (No 2) (unreported, NSWCA, 6 June 1994) ................................. SCR 55.0.80 Capital Securities XV Pty Ltd v Calleja [2017] NSWCA 342 ................................................................................ r 42.21.310 Capital Securities XV Pty Ltd v Calleja [2018] NSWCA 26 ...................................................................................... r 17.5.60 Capitalcorp Finance & Leasing Pty Ltd v Aussie Car Loans Pty Ltd (No 2) [2014] FCA 992 .............................. r 42.15.40 Carbotech-Australia Pty Ltd v Yates [2008] NSWSC 1151 ........................................................................... r 1.9.40, r 1.9.60 Carbotech-Australia Pty Ltd v Yates [2008] NSWSC 540 ...................................................................................... r 20.20.120 Cardile v LED Builders Pty Ltd (1999) 198 CLR 380; 162 ALR 294; [1999] HCA 18 ............ r 25.11.20, r 25.14.20, CPA 129.20, SCA 66.240, SCA 66.260, SC Gen 14 Carey v Robson (No 2) [2009] NSWSC 1199 ........................................................................................................... r 42.1.200 Carlson v King (1947) 64 WN (NSW) 65 ................................................................................................................... r 36.2.60 Carlton Cricket & Football Social Club v Joseph [1970] VR 487; (1969) 65 QJP 8 ................................................ r 7.4.120 Carnie v Esanda Finance Corp Ltd (1995) 182 CLR 398; 69 ALJR 206; 127 ALR 76; [1995] ASC 56-296 ................................................................................................................................................ r 7.4.40, r 7.4.80 Carolan v AMF Bowling Pty Ltd [1995] NSWCA 69 ......................................................................................... SCA 101.140 Carpenter v Pioneer Park Pty Ltd (in liq) (2004) 186 FLR 104; 51 ACSR 245; [2004] NSWSC 973 ............................................................................................................................................................................ r 6.24.40 Carr v Finance Corp of Australia Ltd (1981) 147 CLR 246; [1981] HCA 20 ......................................................... r 41.3.120 Carr v Finance Corporation of Australia Ltd (No 1) [ (1981) 147 CLR 246; 34 ALR 449; (1981) 55 ALJR 397; 1981] HCA 20 ..................................................................................................... r Pt 51 Div 5 Subdiv 4.20 Carr v Neill [1999] NSWSC 1263 .............................................................................................................................. r 50.3.260 Carson v John Fairfax & Sons Ltd (1994) 34 NSWLR 72 ........................................................... SCA 102.20, SCR 51.0.180 Carson v Legal Services Commissioner [2000] NSWCA 308 ................................................................. r 6.27.60, r 13.4.160 Carter v Carroll (1967) 88 WN (Pt 1) (NSW) 17; [1968] 3 NSWR 542 ................................................................. r 16.4.100

[All references are to paragraph numbers.] ©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

xxxv

Table of Cases

TABLE OF CASES

TABLE OF CASES Carter v Federal Commissioner of Taxation (2001) 109 FCR 215; 47 ATR 133; [2001] ATC 4260; [2001] FCA 575 ....................................................................................................................................................... r 6.19.40 Casey v Australian Broadcasting Commission [1981] 1 NSWLR 305 .................................................. r 14.28.140, r Pt14.80 Cassegrain v Gerard Cassegrain & Co Pty Ltd [2011] NSWSC 241 ......................................................................... r Pt22.20 Cassegrain v Gerard Cassegrain & Co Pty Ltd (in Liq) [2015] NSWSC 851 ....................................................... r 20.24.100 Cassegrain v Gerard Cassegrain & Co Pty Ltd (in liq) [2012] NSWCA 435 ............................................................ r 50.7.40 Cassis v Kalfus (No 2) [2004] NSWCA 315 ....................................................................................................... SCR 51.0.220 Castagna v Concercia Pell Mec SpA (unreported, NSWCA (FC), Mahoney P, Handley JA and Waddell AJA, 15 March 1996) ................................................................................................................................ r 11.4.80 Castanho v Brown & Root (UK) Ltd [1981] AC 57 ................................................................................................. r 12.1.120 Castlemaine Tooheys Ltd v South Australia (1986) 161 CLR 148 ........................................................................ SCA 66.120 Cat Media Pty Ltd v Allianz Australia Insurance Ltd [2006] NSWSC 790 ............................................................. r 42.15.80 Catalano v Managing Australian Destinations Pty Ltd (No 3) (2013) 306 ALR 449; [2013] FCA 1194 ..................................................................................................................................................................... CPA 117.40 Cavasinni v Cavasinni [2007] NSWSC 619 ................................................................................................................. r 46.4.20 Cave v Allen Jack & Cottier Pry Ltd [2014] NSWSC 1365 .................................................................. r 20.14.60, r 20.15.60 Cawley v Australian Consolidated Press Ltd [1981] 1 NSWLR 225 ..................................................................... r 14.14.100 Caxton Street Agencies Pty Ltd v Korkidas [2002] QSC 210 ................................................................................ r 31.13.100 Ceil Comfort Insulation Pty Ltd v ARM Equipment Finance Pty Ltd (2001) 159 FLR 310; [2001] NSWSC 28 ........................................................................................................................................................... r 42.21.120 Ceil Comfort Insulation Pty Ltd v ARM Equipment Finance Pty Ltd [2001] NSWSC 619 ................................... r 50.16.40 Celermajer Holdings Pty Ltd v Kopas (2011) 16 BPR 30735; [2011] NSWSC 40 ................................................... r Pt35.40 Celestino v Celestino [1990] FCA 299 ......................................................................................................................... r 12.6.80 Celtic Resources Holdings plc v Arduina Holding BV (2006) 32 WAR 276; [2006] WASC 68 .............................. r 53.3.80 Cemac Modular Constructions Pty Ltd, Re; Ex parte Sadler [1973] 1 NSWLR 263 ........................................... CPA 140.40 Cement Linings Ltd v Rocla Ltd (1939) 40 SR (NSW) 491 ................................................................. r 31.49.40, r 31.54.40 Chaff & Hay Acquisition Committee v JA Hemphill & Sons Pty Ltd (1947) 74 CLR 375; 47 SR (NSW) 465; 64 WN (NSW) 187; 21 ALJ 158; [1947] ALR 330 ........................................................................... r 7.1.40 Chahwan v Euphoric Pty Ltd (2009) 73 ACSR 252; [2009] NSWSC 805 ................................................................ r 42.6.40 Chaina v Alvaro Homes Pty Ltd [2008] NSWCA 353 .............................................................. r 9.5.80, r 42.5.40, r 42.15.80 Chaina v Presbyterian Church (NSW) Property Trust (No 10) [2013] NSWSC 499 ............................................ CPA 26.140 Challenge Bank Ltd v Raine & Horne Commercial Pty Ltd (1989) 17 NSWLR 297 ......... r 1.16.40, r 45.2.40, r 45.6.40, r 45.6.80, SCA 49.40 Challenger Group Holdings Ltd v Concept Equity Pty Ltd [2005] NSWSC 374 .................................................... r 13.4.220 Chamma v Solima [2008] NSWSC 382 ..................................................................................................................... r 42.15.50 Champerslife Pty Ltd v Manojlovski (2010) 75 NSWLR 245; [2010] NSWCA 33 .............................................. r 14.14.220 Champion Home Sales Pty Ltd v JKAM Investments Pty Ltd [2016] NSWSC 1607 ............................................. r 55.11.20 Champion Homes Sales Pty Limited v Coghlan [2012] NSWDC 244 ..................................................................... r 42.35.40 Channel Seven Sydney Pty Ltd v Mahommed (No 2) (2011) 80 NSWLR 210; (2011) 80 NSWLR 210 .......................................................................................................................................................................... r 42.1.120 Channel Seven Sydney Pty Ltd v Mahommed (No 2) (2011) 80 NSWLR 210; 278 ALR 129; [2011] NSWCA 6 .................................................................................................................................................. r 42.16.40 Chapman v Chapman [2007] NSWSC 1109 .............................................................................................................. r 31.19.40 Chappell v Coyle [1985] 2 NSWLR 73 ..................................................................................................................... r 10.14.60 Chappell v TCN Channel Nine Pty Ltd (1988) 14 NSWLR 153 .......................................................................... SCA 66.340 Chapple v Wilcox (2014) 87 NSWLR 646; [2014] NSWCA 392 ............................................................................ r 42.20.40 Chappuis v Filo (1990) 19 NSWLR 490 ...................................................................................................................... r 6.24.40 Charara v Integrex Pty Ltd [2010] NSWCA 342 ..................................................................................................... r 42.21.310 Charles v Jones (1886) 33 Ch D 80 ........................................................................................................................... r 42.25.40 Charlie Carter Pty Ltd v Shop Distributive & Allied Employees Assn (WA) (1987) 13 FCR 413 ...................... r 14.28.120 Charlwood Industries Pty Ltd v Brent [2002] NSWCA 201 ......................................................... SCA 108.20, SCR 51.0.240 Chartered Bank v Daklouche [1980] 1 WLR 107; [1980] 1 All ER 205 .............................................................. SCA 66.240 Chartspike Pty Ltd v Chahoud [2001] NSWSC 585 ............................................................................................... r 42.21.140 Chateau Constructions (Aust) Ltd v Zepinic [2013] NSWSC 1326 ....................................................................... CPA 126.40 Chel v Fairfax Media Publications Pty Ltd (No 8) [2017] NSWSC 1315 ................................................................. r 42.8.40 Chelva Holdings Pty Ltd v Brodyn Pty Ltd [2005] NSWSC 701 ............................................................................ r 20.20.60 Chen v Chan (2009) VSCA 233 ................................................................................................................................. r 42.1.100 Chen v Karandonis [2002] NSWCA 412 ..................................................................................................................... r 42.5.40

[All references are to paragraph numbers.] xxxvi

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

Chen v Keddie [2009] NSWSC 762 ......................................................................................................................... r 42.21.110 Cheng XI Shipyard v The Ship “Falcon Trident” [2006] FCA 759 ........................................................................ r 42.21.110 Cherry v Read ((1996) (unreported, Fed Ct of Aust FC, 21 November 1996) ...................................................... r 42.21.120 Chick v Grosfeld (No 4) [2013] NSWSC 509 ........................................................................................................... r 42.1.200 China Shipping (Australia) Agency Co Pty Ltd v D V Kelly Pty Ltd (No 2) [2010] NSWSC 1557 ....................... r 42.1.57 Chint Australasia Pty Ltd v Cosmoluce Pty Ltd [2008] NSWSC 1054 .................................................................... r 37.4.110 Chocolate Factory Apartments Pty Ltd v Westpoint Finance Pty Ltd [2003] NSWSC 547 ............. r 20.20.60, r 20.24.60, r 20.24.100, r 20.24.180 Chocolate Factory Apartments Pty Ltd v Westpoint Finance Pty Ltd [2005] NSWSC 441 .................................. r 20.24.160 Chong v Chanell [2009] NSWSC 765 ......................................................................................................................... r Pt46.20 Chong v Super Equity Invests Pty Ltd [2012] NSWSC 27 ....................................................................................... r 55.11.20 Chorlton v Dickie (1879) 13 Ch D 160 ....................................................................................................................... r 6.32.40 Chotiputhsilpa v Waterhouse [2005] NSWCA 342 .................................................................................................... r 42.1.100 Chow v Chow (No 2) [2016] NSWSC 994 ................................................................................................................. r 46.4.20 Chow v Chow (No 3) [2016] NSWSC 1156 ................................................................................................................ r 46.4.20 Chow v Chow (No 4) [2017] NSWSC 59 .................................................................................................. r 46.4.20, r 46.7.20 Christie v Ford [1957] 2 FLR 202 ................................................................................................................................ r 33.4.60 Chua v Archiworks Architects Pty Ltd [2009] NSWSC 411 ........................................................................................ r Pt9.40 Chulcough v Holley (1968) 41 ALJR 336 ..................................................................................... SCA 102.20, SCR 51.0.180 Church v Barnett (1871) LR 6 CP 116 ........................................................................................................................... r 8.2.60 Church of Scientology of California Inc v Reader’s Digest Services Pty Ltd [1980] 1 NSWLR 344 ....................................................................................................................................................................... SCA 66.340 Churnin v Pilot Developments Pty Ltd [2007] NSWSC 1459 .................................................................................... r 25.8.80 Churnin v Pilot Developments Pty Ltd [2008] NSWSC 831 ...................................................................................... r 25.8.80 Cirillo v Consolidated Press Property Ltd (No 2) [2007] FCA 179 ........................................................................... r 42.5.40 Citrus Qld Pty Ltd v Sunstate Orchards Pty Ltd (No 5) [2006] FCA 1672 ...................................... r 42.21.110, r 42.21.400 City Convenience Leasing Pty Limited v Boo [2015] NSWSC 1271 ...................................................................... r 42.15.50 Civil Aviation Authority v Australian Broadcasting Corp (1995) 39 NSWLR 540; 126 FLR 26 ....................... SCR 55.0.40 Clancy v Santoro [1999] 3 VR 783 .......................................................................................................................... r 14.14.200 Clarence Street Pty Ltd v ISIS Projects Pty Ltd [2007] NSWSC 380 ................................................................... r 42.21.410 Clark v Auspicious Yacht Sales Pty Ltd [2006] NSWSC 37 ....................................................................................... r 11.7.40 Clark v Faldan Pty Ltd (unreported, McLelland CJ in Eq, 20 May 1996) ............................................................. SCA 75.40 Clark v NSW [2012] NSWCA 139 ........................................................................................................................... r 14.28.140 Clark v New South Wales [2012] NSWCA 139 ....................................................................................................... CPA 56.40 Clark v Ryan (1960) 103 CLR 486; [1960] HCA 42 ..................................................................................... r Pt31.Div2.1000 Clark v Ryan (1960) 103 CLR 486; 34 ALJR 118; [1960] ALR 524 ...................................................................... r 31.18.40 Clark v University of Melbourne [1978] VR 457 .................................................................................................. SCA 75.300 Clark Equipment Credit of Australia Ltd v Como Factors Pty Ltd (1988) 14 NSWLR 552 .................................. r 25.11.20 Clarke v Martlew [1973] QB 58 .................................................................................................................. r 23.2.80, r 23.4.90 Clarkson v Mandarin Club Ltd (1998) 90 FCR 354 ............................................................................................. SCR 55.0.20 Clarkson v State Bank of New South Wales Ltd - Costs [2006] NSWSC 1275 ...................................................... r 42.15.80 Classic Ceramic Importers Pty Ltd v Ceramica Antiga SA (1994) 12 ACLC 334; 13 ACSR 263 ....................... r 42.21.300 Cleary v Jeans (2006) 65 NSWLR 355; [2006] NSWCA ....................................................................................... r 14.28.140 Clench v Dooley (1886) 56 LT 122 ............................................................................................................................. r Pt43.60 Cleveland Investments Global Ltd v Ficaro Pty Ltd [2016] NSWSC 473 .............................................. r 25.8.60, r 25.14.20 Close v Arnot (unreported, Supreme Court of NSW, Matter 10107/96, 21 November 1997 .................................. r 53.7.180 Clough v Tameside & Glassop Health Authority [1998] 3 FCR 133; [1998] 1 WLR 1478; [1998] 2 All ER 971 .......................................................................................................................................................... r 31.49.40 Clyne v Deputy Federal Commissioner of Taxation (1984) 154 CLR 589; [1984] HCA 44 .................................... r Pt38.60 Clyne v Law Society (NSW) (unreported, NSW Court of Appeal, 4 September 1987) ............................................ r 35.2.40 Co-ownership Land Development Pty Ltd v Queensland Estates Pty Ltd (1973) 47 ALJR 519; [1973] 1 ALR 201 ................................................................................................................................................. r 13.4.240 Coal Cliff Collieries Pty Ltd v CE Heath Insurance Brooking (Aust) Pty Ltd (1986) 5 NSWLR 703 ........................................................................................................................................................... r 22.1.60, r 22.1.80 Cocker v Tempest (1841) 151 ER 864; 7 M & W 502 ......................................................................................... DCA 199.20 Codd v Dunlap [1906] WN 57 ..................................................................................................................................... r 22.1.60 Coeclerici Asia (Pte) Ltd v Gujarat NRE Coke Limited (No 2) [2015] FCA 809 ................................................... r 26.1.130 Coffee v Scanlon (1992) 26 NSWLR 485; (1992) 41 IR 65 ...................................................................... r 42.1.52, r 42.1.60

[All references are to paragraph numbers.] ©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

xxxvii

Table of Cases

TABLE OF CASES

TABLE OF CASES Cohen v McWilliam (1995) 38 NSWLR 476; 128 FLR 263 ............................................................... r 16.3.140, r 36.16.240 Cojuanco v Routley [1983] 1 NSWLR 723 ................................................................................................................... r 9.8.60 Colak v Ghalloub (No. 2) [2017] NSWDC 351 ........................................................................................................ r 42.35.40 Colavon Pty Ltd v Bellingen Shire Council (2008) 51 MVR 549; [2008] NSWCA 355 .......................................... r 14.7.60 Colbeam Palmer Ltd v Stock Affiliates Pty Ltd (1968) 122 CLR 25 .................................................................... SCA 66.440 Cole v Austin Distributors Ltd [1953] VLR 155; [1953] ALR 287 .......................................................................... r 42.22.40 Cole v Commonwealth (1961) 106 CLR 653 ....................................................................................................... SCA 101.140 Coles v Burke (1987) 10 NSWLR 429 .................................................................................................................... r 36.15.120 Coles v Wood [1981] 1 NSWLR 723 .......................................................................................... SCA 101.100, SCR 51.0.100 Colgate Palmolive Co v Cussons Pty Ltd (1993) 46 FCR 225; 118 ALR 248 .......................................................... r 42.5.40 Collier v Country Women’s Association of New South Wales [2017] NSWCA 303 ............................................ CPA 135.20 Colmax Electric Pty Ltd (in liq) v Industrial Equity Ltd [1979] VR 577 ............................................................. SCA 49.120 Colorado v Hayden Engineering Pty Ltd (unreported, NSW Ct of Appeal, 6 November 1995) ................ SCA 106.40, SCR 51.0.200 Colorado Products Pty Ltd (in prov liq), Re [2013] NSWSC 392 ............................................................. r 34.1.40, r 34.2.40 Colorado Products Pty Ltd (in prov liq), Re [2013] NSWSC 611 .......................................................................... r 42.21.110 Colquhoun v District Court of New South Wales (No 2) [2015] NSWCA 54 ........................................................ CPA 98.80 Colquhoun v Graffione (2000) 97 FCR 376; [2000] FCA 325 ................................................................................... r 7.10.40 Comet Products UK Ltd v Hawkex Plastics Ltd [1971] 2 QB 67 .............................................................................. r 35.2.40 Commercial Bureau (Aust) Pty Ltd v Allen; Ex parte Federal Commissioner of Taxation [1984] 1 FCR 202; (1984) 15 ATR 468; 52 ALR 703; 84 ATC 4198 ........................................................................... SCR 55.0.20 Commonwealth v Anderson (1960) 105 CLR 303; 34 ALJR 323; [1961] ALR 354 .............................................. CPA 20.20 Commonwealth v Cable Water Skiing (Aust) Ltd (1994) 116 FLR 153; 14 ACSR 760 ....................................... r 42.21.110 Commonwealth v Cockatoo Dockyard Pty Ltd (2003) 1 DDCR 1; [2003] NSWCA 192 ....................................... r 13.4.180 Commonwealth v Gretton [2008] NSWCA 117 ......................................................................................................... r 42.15.80 Commonwealth v Griffiths (2007) 70 NSWLR 268; [2007] NSWCA 370 .............................................................. r 13.4.130 Commonwealth v John Fairfax & Sons Ltd (1981) 147 CLR 39; 55 ALJR 45 ....... SCA 66.120, SCA 66.220, SCA 66.320 Commonwealth v John Fairfax Publications Pty Ltd (unreported, NSWSC, Bryson J, 26 June 1995) ....................................................................................................................................................................... r 21.3.200 Commonwealth v McCormack (1984) 155 CLR 273 ................................................................................................ r 36.17.60 Commonwealth v Northern Land Council (1993) 176 CLR 604 .............................................................................. r 21.3.200 Commonwealth v Sterling Nicholas Duty Free Pty Ltd (1972) 126 CLR 297 ..................................................... SCA 75.180 Commonwealth, Re; Ex parte Jurd (1966) 84 WN (Pt 1) (NSW) 22; [1966] 1 NSWR 301 ............................... CPA 140.20 Commonwealth Bank of Australia v Clune [2008] NSWSC 1125 .............................................................................. r 28.2.60 Commonwealth Bank of Australia v Estate of the Late Mahmoud Slieman [2010] NSWSC 661 ......... r 41.3.80, r 55.11.20 Commonwealth Bank of Australia v Hadfield (2001) 53 NSWLR 614; [2001] NSWCA 440 ............................ DCA 134.80 Commonwealth Bank of Australia v MacDonald [2000] NSWSC 791 ...................................................................... r 16.4.60 Commonwealth Bank of Australia v Maksacheff (No 2) [2016] NSWSC 1586 ........................................................ r Pt35.20 Commonwealth Bank of Australia v McConnell (unreported, NSWSC, Rolfe J, 24 July 1997) ........................... CPA 29.20 Commonwealth Bank of Australia v Quade (1993) 178 CLR 134 ..................................................................... SCA 75A.140 Commonwealth Bank of Australia v Saleh [2007] NSWSC 990 ................................................................................ r 42.5.40 Commonwealth Bank of Australia v Susan Hannaford Pty Ltd (No 2) [2013] NSWSC 574 ................................ CPA 64.20 Commonwealth Bank of Australia v Xiong [2010] NSWSC 1518 ............................................................................. r 17.2.60 Commonwealth Development Bank of Australia Ltd v Windermere Pastoral Co Pty Ltd [2000] NSWSC 421 ........................................................................................................................................................... r 16.4.100 Commonwealth Development Bank of Australia Pty Ltd v Cassegrain [2002] NSWSC 980 ............................... r 31.23.100 Commonwealth Trading Bank of Australia v Inglis (1974) 131 CLR 311; 48 ALJR 196; 3 ALR 19 ............................................................................................................................................................................ r 4.10.100 Commonwealth of Australia v Ryan (No 2) [2002] NSWCA 386 .............................................................................. r 42.5.40 Community Services, Department of v Boehm (unreported, NSWSC, Santow J, 13 August 1997, revised 14 August 1997) ................................................................................................................................... SCR 1.13.20 Community Services, Department of v D (2006) 66 NSWLR 582; [2006] NSWSC 827 ..................................... CPA Pt6.20 Community Services & Health, Minister for v Thoo (1988) 8 AAR 245; 78 ALR 307 ........................ r 21.8.40, r 21.12.40 Compagnie Financiere et Commerciale du Pacifique v Peruvian Guano Co (1882) 11 QBD 55 ............ r 21.2.60, r Pt21.20 Compensation Court (NSW), Re (unreported, NSWCA, 1985) .......................................................................... SCR 55.0.120 Compsyd Pty Ltd v Streamline Travel Service Pty Ltd (1987) 10 NSWLR 648 ....................................................... r 33.4.60 Computershare Ltd v Perpetual Registrars Ltd [2000] 1 VR 626 ............................................................................. r Pt21.120 Concrete Systems Pty Ltd v Devon Symonds Holdings Ltd (1978) 20 SASR 79; 20 ALR 677 ........................ SCR 48.0.60

[All references are to paragraph numbers.] xxxviii

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

Conde v 2KY Broadcasters Pty Ltd [1982] 2 NSWLR 221 ..................................................................... r 15.10.60, r 22.2.60 Conder v Silkbard Pty Ltd [1999] NSWCA 459 ......................................................................................................... r 42.1.70 Conlon v Divis [1967] 2 NSWR 6 ......................................................................................................................... DCA 126.20 Connectland Pty Ltd v Porthaven Pty Ltd [2011] NSWSC 616 .................................................................... r 7.1.60, r 7.1.70 Connelly v Director of Public Prosecutions [1964] AC 1254 ............................................................................... SCR 1.13.20 Connop v Varena Pty Ltd [1984] 1 NSWLR 71 ...................................................................................................... r 42.21.120 Connor v Hatgis (No 2) (unreported, NSW Ct of Appeal, 7 December 1995) ........................................................ r 42.15.50 Connor v Sankey [1976] 2 NSWLR 570 ......................................................................................... SCA 75A.40, SCA 75.280 Construction Engineering (Aust) Pty Ltd v Tambel (Australasia) Pty Ltd [1984] 1 NSWLR 274 ...................... SCA 66.240 Contour Building & Construction Pty Ltd v Kerr [2008] NSWSC 883 ....................................................................... r 5.3.60 Coogee Sports Club Ltd, In the matter of [2016] NSWSC 817 ................................................................................ r 26.1.100 Cook v ANZ Banking Group Ltd (unreported, NSWSC, Bryson J, 14 September 1994) ................ r 10.14.120, r 11.10.120 Cook v ANZ Banking Group Ltd (unreported, NSWSC, McLelland CJ in Eq, 16 June 1995) ............................... r Pt43.80 Cook v Hawes [2002] NSWCA 120 ........................................................................................................ r 42.15.40, r 42.15.80 Cook v Taing [2014] VSC 428 ..................................................................................................................................... r 20.7.40 Cooke v Australian National Railways Commission (1985) 39 SASR 146 ............................................................... r 21.6.40 Cooke v Federal Commissioner of Taxation (Cth) (2002) 51 ATR 223; [2002] FCA 1315 .................................. r 31.23.140 Coolgardie Goldfields Ltd, Re [1900] 1 Ch 475 ..................................................................................... r 31.14.40, r 31.14.80 Coombes v Registrar of Aboriginal Corps (No 2) [2008] FCA 1078 ....................................................................... r 42.1.300 Coombes v Roads & Traffic Authority (NSW) (No 2) [2007] NSWCA 70 ....................... r 42.1.100, r 42.15.70, r 42.15.80 Coon v Cox (1993) 116 FLR 166; [1994] FLC 92-464 ............................................................................................ r 31.16.80 Cooper v Kinsella (No 2) [2011] NSWCA 140 ......................................................................................................... r 42.15.50 Cooper v McCormack [2013] NSWSC 1207 ............................................................................................................... r Pt55.40 Cooper v McCormack (No 2) [2013] NSWSC 1588 .................................................................................................. r Pt55.40 Cooper v Mulcahy [2012] NSWSC 373 ........................................................................................................................ r Pt9.60 Coopers Brewery Ltd v Panfida Foods Ltd (1992) 26 NSWLR 738 .................... r 12.6.60, r 17.2.60, r Pt2.20, CPA Pt6.20 Corbett v Nguyen (No 2) [2012] NSWSC 673 ............................................................................................................ r 42.1.55 Corbett Court Pty Ltd v Quasar Constructions (NSW) Pty Ltd (2009) 25 BCL 29; [2008] NSWSC 1163 ...................................................................................................................................................................... r 20.24.100 Corby v Channel Seven Sydney Pty Ltd [2008] NSWSC 245 ................................................................................ r 42.21.110 Cordwell v Austral Stevedoring & Lighterage Co Pty Ltd (1961) 79 WN (NSW) 247; [1962] NSWR 571 .......................................................................................................................................... r 23.4.60, r 23.9.1000 Corporate Affairs (WA), Commissioner for v Sansom [1981] WAR 32; [1981] 4 ACLR 874; [1980] CLC 40-640 ............................................................................................................................................ SCA 75.180 Corporate Affairs Commission v Bradley; Commonwealth (Intervener) [1974] 1 NSWLR 391; (1974) 24 FLR 44 .................................................................................................................................................... r 6.27.60 Corporate Affairs Commission v David Jones Finance Ltd [1975] 2 NSWLR 710 ............................................. SCA 75.180 Corporate Affairs Commission v Drysdale (1979) 53 ALJR 144 ........................................................................... SCR 1.8.60 Corporate Affairs Commission (NSW) v Transphere Pty Ltd (1988) 15 NSWLR 596 .......................................... SCA 75.20 Corvisy v Corvisy [1982] 2 NSWLR 557 ............................................................................................................... SCA 66.320 Coshott v Barry [2014] NSWSC 238 ......................................................................................................................... r 42.1.120 Coshott v Coshott [2017] FCA 1239 ....................................................................................................................... CPA 117.55 Coshott v Learoyd [1999] FCA 276 ........................................................................................................................... r 42.15.50 Coshott v Woollahra Municipal Council [2007] NSWSC 1315 ................................................................................ r 42.15.80 Cosmos E-C Commerce Pty Ltd v Bidwell Associates Pty Ltd [2005] NSWCA 81 ................................................. r 13.1.60 Costain Australia Ltd v Superior Pipe Installations Pty Ltd [1975] 1 NSWLR 491; [1975] 1 ACLR 209 ................................................................................................................................................................ r 43.2.60 Cotogno v Lamb (No 2) [1985] 3 NSWLR 221 ............................................................................. SCA 101.20, SCR 51.0.20 Cotterell v Stratton (1872) LR 8 Ch App 295 ........................................................................................................... r 42.25.40 Coulton v Holcombe (1986) 162 CLR 1 ....................................................................................... SCA 106.40, SCR 51.0.200 County Securities Pty Ltd v Challenger Group Holdings Pty Ltd (No 2) [2008] NSWCA 273 ............................. r 42.15.80 Couriers Pty Ltd (NSW) v Newman [2002] NSWSC 1172 ................................................................ CPA 26.60, CPA 26.100 Courtenay v Proprietors Strata Plan 12125 (unreported, NSWCA, 23 September 1998, 30 October 1998) ...................................................................................................................................................................... CPA 44.20 Courtney v Super Smart Strategies Pty Ltd [2017] NSWSC 242 ............................................................................... r 16.7.45 Covell Matthews v French Wools Ltd [1977] 1 WLR 876; [1977] 2 All ER 591 ................................................... r 12.1.120 Cowan v Lai [2014] NSWSC 1143 .............................................................................................................................. r Pt55.40 Coward v Stapleton (1953) 90 CLR 573 ............................................................................................................... SCR 55.0.80

[All references are to paragraph numbers.] ©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

xxxix

Table of Cases

TABLE OF CASES

TABLE OF CASES Cowell v Taylor (1885) 31 Ch D 34 .......................................................................................................................... r 42.21.60 Cox Bros (Aust) Ltd v Cox (1934) 50 CLR 314; [1934] ALR 193; 8 ALJ 107 ..................................................... r 12.7.120 Coyne v Calabro [2009] NSWSC 1023 ...................... r 31.37.40, r 31.37.1000, r 31.38.1000, r 31.39.1000, r 31.40.1000, r 31.41.1000, r 31.44.20, r 31.44.1000, r Pt31.Div2.Sdiv4.20 Craig v Kanssen [1943] KB 256 ................................................................................................................................. DCA 8.40 Craig v State of South Australia (1995) 184 CLR 163; [1995] HCA 58 .................................................................... SC CL 3 Craigcare Group Pty Ltd v Superkite Pty Ltd (No 2) [2014] NSWSC 467 ............................................................. r 42.16.40 Craven, Re (1901) 18 WN (NSW) 243 ........................................................................................................................ r 57.3.40 Crawley v Vero Insurance Ltd (2012) 17 ANZ Insurance Cases 61-946; [2012] NSWSC 593 ................................ r 28.2.60 Crayford Freight Services Ltd v Coral Seatel Navigation Co (1998) 82 FCR 328; 162 ALR 119 ........................... r 9.10.60 Cretazzo v Lombardi (1975) 13 SASR ....................................................................................................................... r 42.1.120 Croker v Ewen [2000] NSWCA 186 .............................................................................................................................. r 4.5.40 Cross v Queensland Newspapers Pty Ltd (No 2) [2008] NSWCA 120 .................................................................... r 42.1.120 Crothers v Grant [1934] VLR 120; [1934] ALR 127 ................................................................................................ r 43.2.100 Crowder v Long (1828) 8 B & C 598; 108 ER 1164 ................................................................................................ r 39.30.60 Crowder v Moore [1997] 1 Qd R 24 ............................................................................................................................ r 53.2.60 Crowley v Murphy (1979) 38 FLR 371; 28 ACTR 1 ............................................................................. r 21.3.180, r 22.2.160 (1981) 52 FLR 123; 34 ALR 496 ............................................................................................................ r 21.3.180, r 22.2.160 Crowther v Wheat (1724) 88 ER 174; 8 Modern 243 ............................................................................................... DCA 8.80 Crump v Equine Nutrition Systems Pty Ltd [2004] NSWSC 1080 ............................................................................ r 42.5.40 Crump v Equine Nutrition Systems Pty Ltd t/as Horsepower (No 2) [2007] NSWSC 25 ...................................... r 42.15.80 Crypta Fuels Pty Ltd v Svelte Corp Pty Ltd (1995) 14 ACLC 393; 19 ACSR 68 ........................... r 42.21.110, r 42.21.410 Csalar v Circosta (2002) 55 NSWLR 212; [2002] NSWSC 482 ............................................................................. CPA 43.20 Csidei v Anderson [1977] 1 NSWLR 747 .............................................................................................................. SCA 75.280 Cullen v Knowles [1898] 2 QB 380 ............................................................................................................ r 6.20.40, r 6.25.40 Cullen v Trappell (1980) 146 CLR 1; [1980] HCA 10 ......................................................................................... CPA 100.100 Culpo v Arena [1975] Qd R 376 ............................................................................................................................ SCR 48.0.20 Cuming v Hennesy [2005] NSWSC 1219 .................................................................................................................. r 26.1.110 Cumming v Sands [2001] NSWSC 706 ..................................................................................................................... r 42.15.80 Cumming v Tradebanc International Ltd [2002] NSWSC 70 ..................................................................................... r 36.3.80 Cummings v 2KY Broadcasters Pty Ltd [1981] 1 NSWLR 246; (1981) 51 FLR 121 ............................... r 23.8.20, r Pt5.20 Cummins v Australian Jockey Club Ltd [2009] NSWSC 254 .................................................................................. r 42.19.40 Cunningham v Oliver (unreported, Fed Ct of Appeal, Burchett J, 21 November 1994) ....................................... r 42.21.140 Curley v Duff [1985] 2 NSWLR 716 ........................................................................................................................... r 35.2.40 Currabubula Holdings Pty Ltd v State Bank of New South Wales [2000] NSWSC 232 ........................................ r 42.1.100 Currabubula Holdings Pty Ltd v State Bank of New South Wales Ltd [2000] NSWSC 232 ................ r 42.1.40, r 50.3.120 Currabubula and Paola v State Bank NSW [2000] NSWSC 232 ............................................................................. r 42.1.100 Curwen v James [1963] 1 WLR 748; [1963] 2 All ER 619 ............................................................................... SCA 75A.160 Cusick v Savage [2008] NSWSC 212 .......................................................................................................................... r 27.1.60 Cyril Smith & Associates Pty Ltd v Owners-Strata Plan No 64970 (No 2) [2011] NSWCA 245 ....................... CPA 133.40

D D, Re [2012] NSWSC 1006 ....................................................................................................................................... r Pt57.180 D and Protected Estates Act, Re (1992) 28 NSWLR 728 ......................................................................................... r Pt57.160 D’Angola v Rio Pioneer Gravel Co Pty Ltd [1979] 1 NSWLR 495 ....................................................................... CPA 95.20 DB Mahaffy & Assoc Pty Ltd v Mahaffy [2011] NSWSC 673 .................................................................................... r 7.1.70 DB Mahaffy & Assoc Pty Ltd, Re [2012] NSWSC 776 ............................................................................................... r 7.1.70 DB Mahaffy & Co Pty Ltd, Re [2012] NSWSC 1286 .................................................................................................. r 7.1.70 DCL Constructions Pty Ltd v Di Lizio [2007] NSWSC 653 ................................................................. r 50.3.120, r 50.3.140 DHR International Inc v Challis (No 2) [2015] NSWSC 1964 ................................................................................ r Pt21.120 DJ Colburt & Sons Pty Ltd v Ansen (1967) 85 WN (Pt 1) (NSW) 64; [1966] 2 NSWR 289 ............................... r 39.35.60 DJL v Central Authority (2000) 201 CLR 226; [2000] HCA 17 ................................................................................ r 41.3.40 DL & JE Graetz Pty Ltd v NTHG Pty Ltd (2002) 140 NTR 1; [2002] NTSC 40 ............................................... SCA 66.160 DM & BP Wiskich Pty Ltd v Saadi (NSWSC, Bryson J, 16 February 1996, unreported) ...................................... r 26.1.130 DW v CB (unreported, NSW Supreme Court ............................................................................................................ r Pt57.120 Dae Boong International Co Pty Ltd v Gray [2009] NSWCA 11 ........................................................ r 42.21.110, r 49.20.80 Dafaalla v Concord Repatriation General Hospital [2007] NSWSC 602 .................................................. r 7.36.40, r 7.37.40

[All references are to paragraph numbers.] xl

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

Dagi v Broken Hill Pty Co Ltd [1996] 2 VR 567 ....................................................................................................... r 21.7.40 Dagnell v JL Freedman & Co [1993] 1 WLR 388; [1993] 2 All ER 161 .................................................................. r 6.2.100 Dailhou v Kelly (No 3) [2014] NSWSC 1220 ........................................................................................................... r 20.26.40 Dairy Farmers Co-op Milk Co Ltd v Acquilina (1963) 109 CLR 458 ................................................................. DCA 126.20 Dalgety Futures Pty Ltd v Poretsky [1980] 2 NSWLR 646 .......................................................................................... r 6.3.60 Dallaway, Re [1982] 3 All ER 118; 1 WLR 756 ....................................................................................................... r 42.25.40 Dalswinton Pastoral Co Pty Ltd v Cole [2006] NSWSC 570 ................................................................................... r 14.11.40 Dalton v Paull (No 2) [2007] NSWSC 803 ............................................................................................................... r 42.4.100 Damberg v Damberg (2001) 52 NSWLR 492; [2001] NSWCA 87 ........................................................... r 6.43.80, r 17.7.60 Damjanovic v Maley (2002) 55 NSWLR 149; 195 ALR 256; [2002] NSWCA 230 ................................................. r 7.1.100 Damjanovic v Sharpe Hume & Co (Services) Pty Ltd [2001] NSWCA 130 ....................................................... DCA 127.60 Danieletto v Khera (1995) 35 NSWLR 684 ......................................................................................... r 33.11.40, SCA 66.240 Daniels Corp International Pty Ltd v Australian Competition & Consumer Commission (2002) 213 CLR 543; 77 ALJR 40; [2002] HCA 49 .................................................................................... r 21.3.140, r 22.2.120 Danihel v Manning [2012] NSWSC 556 .................................................................................................................... r 21.2.100 Danny Kidron &Andrew Spaile Architects Pty Ltd v Garrett (1994) 35 NSWLR 572 ........................................... r 50.3.140 Darcy v New South Wales [2011] NSWCA 413 ........................................................................................................ r 42.1.300 Dare v Pulham (1982) 148 CLR 658; 57 ALJR 80; 44 ALR 117 ......................... r 15.12.40, r 36.1.40, r Pt14.20, r Pt15.20 Darelvale Holdings Australia Pty Ltd v. Wajerjet Designs Pty Ltd [2003] FCA 863 ............................................ r 42.21.400 Darling, Re (1988) 39 ChD 208 ................................................................................................................................... r Pt57.20 Dasreef Pty Ltd v Hawchar (2011) 243 CLR 588; [2011] HCA 21 ... r 31.18.120, r 31.18.1000, r 31.23.160, r 31.23.1000, r 31.29.80, r 31.29.1000, r 31.30.80, r 31.30.1000, r Pt31.Div2.1000 Davey v Donnelly (NSWSC, M McLelland J, 16 May 1991, unreported) ............................................................... r 26.1.110 David v David (1993) 30 NSWLR 417 .................................................................................................. r Pt57.160, r Pt57.200 David v Vamiso Pty Ltd [2004] NSWSC 326 ......................................................................................................... r 20.20.120 David Jones Ltd v Federated Storemen & Packers Union of Australia (NSW) (1985) 14 IR 75 ........................ SCA 66.120 David Syme & Co Ltd v General Motors-Holden’s Ltd [1984] 2 NSWLR 294 .................................................. SCA 66.360 Davidson v Greedy [2012] VSC 202 .......................................................................................................................... r 37.4.100 Davies v Alliance Acceptance Co Ltd (1993) 110 FLR 153 ....................................................................................... r 10.5.40 Davies v Nyland (1975) 10 SASR 76 ........................................................................................................................ r 21.3.220 Davies, Re; Ex parte Williams (1872) 7 Ch App 314; [1861–1873] All ER Rep 960 .......................................... CPA 109.20 Davis v Halliday Financial Management Pty Ltd [2014] NSWSC 1371 .................................................................... r 15.4.40 Davys v Richardson (1888) 21 QBD 202 .................................................................................................................. r 14.25.40 Dawson v ACP Publishing Pty Ltd [2007] NSWSC 542 .......................................................................................... r 20.27.80 Dawson v Hall (1994) 10 NSWCCR 388 ................................................................................................................ r 31.28.100 Daya v CNA Reinsurance Co Ltd [2004] NSWSC 795 ........................................................................................... CPA 26.80 Daykin v SAS Trustee Corp (2001) 51 NSWLR 328; [2001] NSWSC 58 .......................................... r 50.3.240, SCA 49.20 De L v Department of Community Services (NSW) (1997) 190 CLR 207; [1997] HCA 14 ............................... r 36.16.180 De La Rue v Hernu, Peron & Stockwell Ltd [1936] 2 KB 164 ................................................................................. r Pt43.40 De Mora v Concha (No 2) (1886) 32 Ch D 133 ......................................................................................................... r 46.4.20 De Santis v Russo (2001) 27 Fam LR 414; [2001] QSC 65 .................................................................. r 53.7.180, r 53.7.220 Deacon v Australian Capital Territory (2001) 172 FLR 123; [2001] ACTSC 8 ................ r 23.2.80, r 23.4.90, SCR 55.0.20 Deadman, Re [1971] 1 WLR 426; [1971] 2 All ER 101 ...................................................................................... SCR 68.0.40 Dean v Stockland Property Management Pty Ltd (No 2) [2010] NSWCA 141 .......... r 20.26.40, r 42.13A.20, r 42.15.40, r 42.15.50 Dean-Willcocks v Air Transit International Pty Ltd (2002) 55 NSWLR 64; 42 ACSR 328; 20 ACLC 1464; [2002] NSWSC 525 .......................................................................................................................... r 6.19.40 Dearman v Dearman (1908) 7 CLR 549; 9 SR (NSW) 376 ..................................................................................... r 50.16.60 Debtor (No 2176 of 1938), Re [1939] Ch 601 ............................................................................................................ r 53.8.20 Degmam Pty Ltd (in liq) v Wright (No 2) [1983] 2 NSWLR 354 ............................................................................. r 42.5.40 Dehn v Honeman [2015] NSWSC 773 ....................................................................................................................... r 42.32.40 Delaforce, Ex parte (1888) 4 WN (NSW) 165; 9 LR (NSW) 133 ........................................................................... CPA 24.60 Delta Electricity v Blue Mountains Conservation Society Inc (2010) 176 LGERA 424; [2010] NSWCA 263 .......................................................................................................................................................... r 42.4.100 Delta Electricity v Blue Mountains Conservation Society Inc [2010] NSWCA 263 .............................................. CPA 60.20 Demasi v Linfox Transport (Aust) Pty Ltd (unreported, NSW Sup Ct, McClelland CJ in Eq, 14 June 1995) ............................................................................................................................................. r 12.6.60, r 14.23.40 Demobuild Pty Ltd v Erect Safe Scaffolding Pty Ltd (unreported, Young J, 25 May 1994) ............................... SCA 66.380

[All references are to paragraph numbers.] ©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

xli

Table of Cases

TABLE OF CASES

TABLE OF CASES Dempsey, Re; Ex parte Currie (1968) 88 WN (Pt 2) (NSW) 193; 70 SR (NSW) 1; [1968] 2 NSWR 378 ......................................................................................................................................................... SCA 75A.60 Dennis v Australian Broadcasting Corp [2008] NSWCA 37 ............................................... r Pt31.40, CPA 58.40, CPA 64.20 Dennis v Watt (1942) 59 WN (NSW) 204 ................................................................................................................... r 6.36.60 Dent v Moore (1919) 26 CLR 316; 19 SR (NSW) 344; 36 WN (NSW) 46; 25 ALR 437; [1919] HCA 11 ............... r 31.13.60, r 31.13.80, r 31.13.160, r 31.13.1000, r 31.14.40, r 31.14.100, r 31.14.180, r 31.14.1000 Deposit & Investment Co Ltd v Peat Marwick Mitchell & Co (1996) 39 NSWLR 267 ........................................ r 33.11.40 Derby & Co Ltd v Weldon (No 9) [1991] 1 WLR 652; [1991] 2 All ER 901 ...................................................... SCR 1.8.40 Derham v Amev Life Insurance Co Ltd (1978) 20 ACTR 23 ..................................................................................... r 22.3.80 Develtor Property Group Pty Ltd v Newcastle City Council [2001] NSWLEC 47 ................................................... r 42.1.57 Devenish v Jewel Food Stores Pty Ltd (1990) 64 ALJR 533; 94 ALR 664 .......................................................... r 42.21.110 Deves v Porter [2003] NSWSC 878 ........................................................................................................................... r 42.30.40 Devlin v Conpress Printing Ltd (1960) 62 SR (NSW) 20; 78 WN (NSW) 1011 ................................................ DCA 126.20 Devries v Australian National Railways Commission (1993) 177 CLR 472 ..................................... r 50.3.260, SCA 75A.80 Dewes v Riley (1851) 20 LJ CP 264 ........................................................................................................................ DCA 81.20 Dews v Riley (1851) 138 ER 542; 11 CB 434 ..................................................................................................... DCA 18G.20 Dey v Victorian Railways Commissioners (1949) 78 CLR 62; 23 ALJ 48; [1949] ALR 333 ............ r 7.14.40, r 13.1.100, r 13.4.120, r 16.2.40 Di Donato, Re [2015] NSWSC 1923 ....................................................................................................................... CPA 117.55 Di Pietro v Hamilton (unreported, NSW Ct of Appeal, 6 September 1990) ....... SCA 75A.80, SCA 101.120, SCR 51.0.120 Dialog Pty Ltd v Addease Pty Ltd [2003] FCA 1359 ................................................................................................. r Pt35.40 Diamond v Simpson (No 4) [2004] NSWCA 57 ....................................................................................................... r 42.18.40 Dickinson v Perrignon [1973] 1 NSWLR 72 ... SCA 65.40, SCA 69.20, SCA 69.40, SCA 69.60, SCA 75.20, SCR 54.0.20, SCR 54.0.100, SCR 54.0.140 Dikschei v Epworth Foundation [2010] VSC 435 ....................................................................................................... r 23.9.60 Dillingham Constructions Pty Ltd v Steel Mains Pty Ltd (1975) 132 CLR 323; 49 ALJR 233; 6 ALR 171 ................................................................................................................................................................ CPA 22.80 Dillon v Gosford City Council (2011) 184 LGERA 179; 284 ALR 619; [2011] NSWCA 328 .............................. r 42.1.260 Dimento v Dimento [2007] NSWSC 420 ........................................................................ CPA 26.40, CPA 26.60, CPA 26.100 Dimmock v Whymark (1965) 65 SR (NSW) 194; 82 WN (Pt 2) (NSW) 29; [1964-1965] NSWR 1557 ................................................................................................................................................. r 31.14.80, r 31.14.1000 Dinnen v Terrill [2007] NSWSC 1405 ....................................................................................................................... r 42.4.100 Direct Acceptance Corp Ltd (rec & mgr apptd) (in liq) v Lord (unreported, NSWSC, Giles J, 3 September 1993) .................................................................................................................................................... r 21.3.220 Director of Public Prosecutions v Geraghty [2000] NSWSC 228 ........................................................................... r 36.16.210 Director of Public Prosecutions (Cth) v Sexton [2008] NSWSC 352 ....................................................................... r 42.1.300 Ditfort v Brown (1990) 19 NSWLR 49 ................................................................................................................. SCR 55.0.20 Ditfort v Temby (1990) 26 FCR 72; 97 ALR 409 ....................................................................................................... r 10.6.40 Diver v Neal [2009] 2 ASTLR 89; [2009] NSWCA 54 ............................................................................................ r 42.1.200 Dixon v Clark (1848) 136 ER 919; 5 CB 365 ........................................................................................................... r 14.25.40 Dixon v Williams (1875) 13 SCR (NSW) Eq 7 ......................................................................................................... r 42.25.40 Do Carmo v Ford Excavations Pty Ltd [1981] 1 NSWLR 409 .................................................................................. r 49.4.60 Doble Express Transport Pty Ltd (Administrator Appointed) v John L Pierce Pty Ltd (No 2) [2017] NSWCA 45 ................................................................................................................................................ r 42.15.50 Dodd v Arnold (No 2) [2009] NSWCA 19 ............................................................................................. r 42.15.50, r 42.15.80 Dodds Family Investments Pty Ltd v Lane Industries Pty Ltd (1993) 26 IPR 261 ................................................. r 42.1.120 Doherty v Liverpool District Hospital (1991) 22 NSWLR 284 ............................................................................. SCA 106.20 Dome Resources NL v Silver ( 2008) 72 NSWLR 693 ................................................................................. CPA Pt7.Div3.40 Dome Resources NL v Silver (2008) 72 NSWLR 693; [2008] NSWCA 332 .......................................... CPA Pt7.Div3.1000 Dominello v Nominal Defendant (No 2) [2009] NSWCA 257 ................................................................................. r 42.1.100 Donald Campbell & Co v Pollak [1927] AC 732 ........................................................................................................ r 42.1.40 Donald Campbell & Co Ltd v Pollak [1927] AC 732 ................................................................................................. r 42.1.60 Donaldson v Harris [1973] 4 SASR 299 ...................................................................................................................... r 21.6.40 Donnelly v Ross Mining NL [1999] NSWSC 960 .................................................................................................. r 50.2.1000 Dooly v Oldman [1949] ALR (CN) 1053 .................................................................................................................... r 22.3.60 Dooney v Henry (2000) 74 ALJR 1289; 174 ALR 41; 45 ATR 113; 35 ACSR 155; [2000] HCA 44 .............................................................................................................................................................................. r 42.5.40 Dooney, Re [1993] 2 Qd R 362 ............................................................................................................... r 53.7.120, r 53.7.140

[All references are to paragraph numbers.] xlii

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

Doran Constructions Pty Ltd (in liq) v Beresfield Aluminium Pty Ltd (2002) 54 NSWLR 416; [2002] NSWCA 95 ......................................................................................................................................... SCR 72A.5.20 Doran Constructions Pty Ltd (in liq) v Beresfield Aluminium Pty Ltd (No 2) [2003] NSWCA 68 ..................... DCA 81.20 Dormer v Solo Investments Pty Ltd [1974] 1 NSWLR 428 .................................................................................. SCA 75.140 Douglas v James (No. 2) [2015] NSWSC 969 ............................................................................................................ r 42.1.57 Douglas v John Fairfax & Sons Ltd [1983] 3 NSWLR 126 ................................................................ r 15.10.40, r 36.16.210 Douglas v Land & Housing Corp (NSW) [2008] NSWCA 315 ................................................................................. r 7.36.40 Doulaveras v Daher (2009) 253 ALR 627; [2009] NSWCA 58 ............................................... r 7.13.40, r 7.24.60, r 7.24.80 Doulton Potteries Ltd v Bronotte [1971] 1 NSWLR 591 ......................................................................................... CPA 93.40 Dovuro Pty Ltd v Wilkins (2003) 215 CLR 317; 77 ALJR 1706; 201 ALR 139; [2003] Aust Torts Reports 81-712; [2003] HCA 51 .......................................................................................................................... r Pt17.160 Dow v Attorney-General [1980] Qd R 58 .................................................................................... SCR 55.0.60, SCR 55.0.160 Dow Corning Australia Pty Ltd v Paton [1998] Aust Torts Reports 81-485 ............................................................ r 14.23.40 Dow Jones & Co Inc v Gutnick (2002) 210 CLR 575; 77 ALJR 255; [2002] HCA 56 ....................................... r 14.14.200 Downey v Acting District Court Judge Boulton (No 5) (2010) 78 NSWLR 499; (2010) 78 NSWLR 499 ......................................................................................................................................................... DCA 18.60 Downs v Civil & Civic Pty Ltd (1963) 81 WN (Pt 1) (NSW) 152; [1964] NSWR 523 ........................................ r 23.4.100 Dr Bronte Douglass v Lawton Pty Ltd (No 2) [2007] NSWCA 90 ......................................................................... CPA 98.30 Dr Douglass v Lawton Pty Ltd (No 2) [2007] NSWCA 90 ....................................................................... r 42.1.60, r 42.1.62 Drabsch v Switzerland General Insurance Co Ltd (unreported, NSWSC, Santow J, 16 October 1996) ........................................................................................................................................................ r 12.6.60, r 17.2.60 Drew v H [1999] NSWSC 610 ................................................................................................................................... r Pt57.120 Driat Pty Ltd v Thomas [2012] NSWSC 71 .............................................................................................................. r 16.3.140 Drivetime Radio Australia Pty Ltd v Pivotal Creative Solutions Pty Ltd [2010] NSWSC 763 ................................ r 34.2.60 Drumdurno Pty Ltd v Braham (1982) 64 FLR 227; 42 ALR 563; [1982] 1 ACLC 397 ....................................... r 42.21.110 Drummond v Drummond [1999] NSWSC 923 .......................................................................................................... r 42.25.40 Drummoyne Municipal Council v Lewis [1974] 1 NSWLR 655 ............................................................................... r 40.7.50 Du Maurier v Wechsler (No 2) [2012] NSWSC 240 .................................................................................................. r Pt55.40 Dubbo City Council v Barrett [2003] NSWCA 267 .................................................................................................... r 31.4.80 Dubbo Stock & Station Agents Pty Ltd v Laws [2004] NSWCA 336 .............................................................. DCA 76A.100 Duchman v Oakland Diary Co Ltd [1930] 4 DLR 989 ............................................................................................. r 42.1.100 Duffy v Super Centre Development Corp Ltd [1967] 1 NSWR 328 .......................................................................... r 26.1.20 Duke of Bedford v Ellis [1901] AC 1 ............................................................................................................................ r 7.4.40 Dumas Hotels Pty Ltd v York Motors (Sales) Pty Ltd [1970] 1 NSWR 115 ....................................................... SCA 49.120 Dunbar v Perc [1956] VLR 583 ................................................................................................................................... r 22.1.60 Duncan v Cashin (1875) LR 10 CP 554 ...................................................................................................................... r Pt43.30 Duncan v National Australia Bank Ltd (2006) 95 SASR 208; 235 ALR 385; [2006] SASC 239 .......... r Pt41.80, r Pt43.40 Duncan, Re [1939] VLR 355; ALR 405 .................................................................................................................... r 42.25.40 Duncan-Strelec v Tate [2009] NSWSC 112 ................................................................................................................. r 40.3.80 Dungowan Manly Pty Ltd (in liq), Re [2015] NSWSC 915 .................................................................................... CPA 14.40 Dunn v KAZ Group Ltd [2006] NSWSC 8 ............................................................................................................... r 33.4.140 Dunn v Ross Lamb Motors [1978] 1 NSWLR 26 ................................................................................................. DCA 127.80 Dunstan v Rickwood (No 2) (2007) 38 Fam LR 491; [2007] NSWCA 266 ............................................................ r 42.1.200 Dunwoodie v Teachers Mutual Bank Ltd (2014) 9 BFRA 433; [2014] NSWCA 24 ............................................... r 16.3.140 Dusmanovic Ex parte Dusmanovic, Re [1967] 2 NSWR 125; (1967) 85 WN (Pt 1) (NSW) 642 ....................... CPA 140.20 Dwyer v Commonwealth Bank of Australia (1995) 31 ATR 48 ............................ r Pt 51 Div 5 Subdiv 4.20, SCR 51.44.20 Dymocks Book Arcade Pty Ltd v Capral Ltd [2011] NSWSC 1423 ................................................... CPA 64.20, CPA 65.20 Dyno Wesfarmers Ltd v Knuckey [2003] NSWCA 375 ....................................................... r 6.43.60, r 14.10.40, CPA 65.20

E E v R [2013] NSWSC 835 ......................................................................................................................................... r Pt57.180 EB v Guardianship Tribunal [2011] NSWSC 767 ....................................................................................................... r Pt57.40 EInduct Systems Pty Ltd v 3D Safety Services Pty Ltd (2015) 90 NSWLR 451; [2015] NSWCA 284 ......................................................................................................................................................................... CPA 60.20 EK v Magistrate J Culver [2008] NSWADTAP 19 ..................................................................................................... r Pt57.40 EMI Records Ltd v Ian Cameron Wallace Ltd [1982] 2 All ER 980 ......................................................................... r 42.5.30

[All references are to paragraph numbers.] ©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

xliii

Table of Cases

TABLE OF CASES

TABLE OF CASES EMI Records Ltd v Ian Cameron Wallace Ltd [1983] Ch 59; [1982] 2 All ER 980; [1982] 3 WLR 245 ............................................................................................................................................................................ r 42.5.30 ERS Engines Pty Ltd v Wilson (1994) 35 NSWLR 193 ........................................................................................ SCA 66.160 ES, Re (1906) 23 WN (NSW) 23 ............................................................................................. r 57.3.40, r 57.8.20, r 57.11.20 Earl of Inchcape, Re [1942] Ch 394; [1942] 2 All ER 157 .................................................................................... DCA 81.20 Earp v Lloyd (1858) 70 ER 24; 4 K & J 58 ................................................................................................................ r 22.3.40 Earthline Constructions Pty Ltd v State Rail Authority NSW [1992] NSWCA 62 .................................................. r 25.11.20 East West Airlines Ltd v Turner (2010) 78 NSWLR 1; [2010] NSWCA 53 .................... r Pt19.20, CPA 64.40, CPA 65.400 East West Airlines Ltd v Turner (No 2) [2010] NSWCA 159 .................................................................................. r 42.15.50 Eastmark Holdings Pty Ltd v Kabraji (No 2) [2012] NSWSC 1255 ....................................................... r 42.7.80, r 42.7.100 Eaton v Deputy Commissioner of Taxation [2006] NSWCA 283 ........................................................................... DCA 44.20 Eckford v SA Butler Pty Ltd [1969] 2 NSWR 143 ............................................................................................... DCA 126.20 Ecrosteel Pty Ltd v Perfor Printing Pty Ltd (1996) 37 IPR 22; [1997] AIPC 91-314 ............................................... r 42.5.40 Ecroyd v Coulthard [1897] 2 Ch 554 ........................................................................................................................... r 36.4.60 Edmeades v Thames Board Mills Ltd [1969] 2 QB 67; [1969] 2 WLR 668; [1969] 2 All ER 127 ........................ r 23.9.20 Edson v Roads & Traffic Authority (2006) 65 NSWLR 453; 45 MVR 183; [2006] NSWCA 68 .......................... r 42.1.100 Edwards v Edwards (1876) 2 Ch D 291 ...................................................................................................................... r 39.1.60 Edwards v Noble (1971) 125 CLR 296 .................................................................................................................. SCA 75A.60 Edwards Madigan Torzillo Briggs Pty Ltd v Stack [2003] NSWCA 302 .................................................................. r 42.1.52 Edyp v Brazbuild Pty Ltd [2011] NSWCA 218 ......................................................................................................... r 50.3.160 Egan v Minister for Transport (1976) 14 SASR 445 ............................................................................................... r 14.28.200 Egan v Minister for Transport (No 2) (1976) 15 SASR 408 .......................................................... SCA 66.280, SCR 55.0.40 Eko Investments Pty Ltd v Austruc Constructions Ltd [2009] NSWSC 208 .................................... r 20.24.100, r 20.24.160 Eko Investments Pty Ltd v Austruc Constructions Ltd [2009] NSWSC 371 ............................................................. r 42.1.62 El-Saeidy v Land & Housing Corp (NSW) [2014] NSWCA 172 ............................................................................... r 18.1.60 El Ali v Government Insurance Office (NSW) (1988) 15 NSWLR 303 .................................................................... r Pt31.40 El Hayek v Vasic [2010] NSWSC 1498 ....................................................................................................................... r 22.1.40 Elcham v Darling Island Sydney Pty Ltd [2005] NSWSC 448 .............................................................................. r 10.14.120 Elders Trustee & Executor Co Ltd v Eastoe [1963] WAR 36 .............................................................................. SCR 68.0.60 Elders Trustees & Executor Co Ltd v Eagle Star Nominees Ltd (1986) 4 BPR 9205; [1987] ANZ ConvR 14; NSW ConvR 55-333 ........................................................................................................................... r 42.25.40 Electrical Equipment Ltd v Sibmark Pty Ltd (1991) 22 NSWLR 732 ................................................................. SCR 80.0.20 Electricity Commission (NSW) v Yates (1993) 30 NSWLR 351 ................................................. SCA 106.40, SCR 51.0.200 Electronic Industries Imports Pty Ltd v Public Curator (Qld) [1960] VR 10 ............................................................ r 6.29.40 Elias, In the Marriage of (1977) 29 FLR 393; [1977] 3 Fam LR 11 ......................................................................... r 46.8.20 Elite Protective Personnel Pty Ltd v Salmon [2007] NSWCA 322 .......................................................................... r 42.15.50 Elite Protective Personnel Pty Ltd v Salmon (No 2) [2007] NSWCA 373 ...... r 42.1.60, r 42.1.120, r 42.15.80, CPA 98.40 Ellis v Dariush-Far (2007) 242 ALR 635; [2007] QCA 398 ..................................................... r 53.2.60, r 53.3.60, r 53.3.80 Ellis v McHenry (1871) LR 6 CP 228 ....................................................................................................................... r 53.7.180 Elphick v Westfield Shopping Centre Management Co Pty Ltd (2011) 216 IR 41; [2011] NSWCA 356 ............................................................................................................................................................... r 7.1.50, r 7.4.80 Elsmore Resources Ltd, Re [2014] NSWSC 1390 ....................................................................................................... r 42.7.80 Emanuele v Australian Securities Commission (1997) 188 CLR 114; 71 ALJR 717 ............................................. CPA 14.60 Emery v Wilson (1974) 48 ALJR 131 .................................................................. SCA 75A.180, SCA 107.20, SCR 51.0.220 Emmerton v University of Sydney [1970] 2 NSWR 633 ............................................................................................ r 15.1.40 Employers Reinsurance Corp v Ashmere Cove Pty Ltd (2008) 166 FCR 398; [2008] FCAFC 28 .......................... r 6.19.40 Encyclopaedia Britannica Australia Ltd v Campbell (No 2) [2009] NSWCA 335 .................................................. r 42.13.40 Enders v Erbas [2014] Aust Torts Reports 82-161; [2014] NSWCA 70 .................................................................. r 15.30.40 Energy Drilling Inc v Petroz NL [1989] ATPR 40-954 ........................................................................................... r 42.21.110 Engelback v Nixon (1875) LR 10 CP 645 ................................................................................................................... r Pt43.30 Environment Protection Authority v Caltex Refining Co Pty Ltd (1993) 178 CLR 477; 68 ALJR 127; 82 LGERA 51 ............................................................................................................................. r 21.3.160, r 22.2.140 Epitoma Pty Ltd v The Australasian Meat Industry Employees’ Union (1984) ATPR 45,490 ............................ SCA 66.120 Epping Plaza Fresh Fruit & Vegetables Pty Ltd v Bevendale Pty Ltd [1999] 2 VR 191; [1999] VSCA 43 .............................................................................................................................................................. r 42.21.200 Equity 8 Pty Ltd v Shaw Stockbroking Ltd [2007] NSWSC 503 .......................................................... r 42.15.50, r 42.15.80 Equity Access Ltd v Westpac Banking Corp [1989] ATPR 40-972 ................................................... r 42.21.110, r 42.21.410 Equuscorp Pty Ltd v Wilmoth, Field Warne (A Firm) [2006] VSCA 123 ................................................................. r Pt41.80

[All references are to paragraph numbers.] xliv

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

Erhard v Bhatia [2002] NSWCA 388 ........................................................................................... SCA 101.120, SCR 51.0.120 Esso Australia Resources Ltd v Federal Commissioner of Taxation (1999) 201 CLR 49; 74 ALJR 339; [1999] HCA 67 ......................................................................................... r 21.1.40, r 21.3.140, r 22.2.120, r 31.4.80 Esso Australia Resources Ltd v Plowman (1995) 183 CLR 10; 69 ALJR 404 ................ r 21.3.200, r 21.7.40, r 22.2.180, r 33.9.160 Esso China Inc v Chan [1999] VSC 294 .............................................................................. r 53.7.120, r 53.7.140, r 53.7.160 Estate Cockell; Cole v Paisley [2016] NSWSC 349 ................................................................................................... r Pt54.20 Estate Ford, Re; Application for Executor’s Commission [2016] NSWSC 6 ............................................................ r Pt54.20 Estate of Cho-Poon, Re (2013) 10 ASTLR 251; [2013] NSWSC 844 .................................... r 55.2.20, r Pt54.20, r Pt55.40 Estate of Grounds, Re [2005] NSWSC 1311 ............................................................................................................. r 42.1.200 Estate of Juliana Voros, The; Cooney v Cherry [2016] NSWSC 1603 ................................................................. r 31.22.1000 Estate of Rosalind Allwood v Benjafield [2009] NSWSC 1383 ............................................................................... r 42.23.40 Estate of Virgona v De Lautour (No 2) [2007] NSWCA 323 ................................................................................... r 42.15.70 Estate of the Late M T Mutton [2007] NSWCA 340 .................................................................................................. r 42.1.55 Estates Property Investment Corp Ltd v Pooley [1975] 3 ACLR 256 .................................................................... r 42.21.400 Ettingshausen v Australian Consolidated Press Ltd (1995) 38 NSWLR 404 ........................................................... r 20.26.60 Eurobodalla Shire Council v Gerondal (No 3) [2012] NSWLEC 46 .......................................................................... r 40.8.60 European Asian Bank Attorney-General v Wentworth (1986) 5 NSWLR 445 ................................................... SCR 55.0.120 European Bank Ltd v Evans (2010) 240 CLR 432; [2010] HCA 6 ............................................................................ r 25.8.80 Evans v Bartlam [1937] AC 473 ............................................................................................................................... r 36.16.240 Evans v Morgan [1928] 2 KB 527 ............................................................................................................................. DCA 8.40 Evans Construction Co Ltd v Charrington & Co Ltd [1983] QB 810; [1983] 2 WLR 117; [1983] 1 All ER 310 ....................................................................................................................................................... CPA 65.400 Evans Shire Council v Richardson (No 2) [2006] NSWCA 61 ................................................................................ r 42.15.80 Evatt v Australian Consolidated Press Ltd (1969) 90 WN (Pt 1) NSW 384; [1970] 1 NSWR 97 ........................... r 23.8.60 Eve, Re (1986) 31 DLR (4th) 1; [1986] 2 SCR 388 ................................................................................................... r Pt57.20 Evenco Pty Ltd v Amalgamated Society of Carpenters etc Union of Employees (Qld) [1999] QSC 53 .............................................................................................................................................................................. r 42.5.40 Everett v Ribbands (1946) 175 LT 143 ...................................................................................................................... r 53.7.180 Evergreen Tours Pty Ltd v McLaren [2010] NSWSC 1362 ........................................................................................ r 12.5.40 Expense Reduction Analysts Group Pty Ltd v Armstrong Strategic Management & Marketing Pty Ltd (2013) 250 CLR 303; 88 ALJR 76; [2013] HCA 46 .... r 2.1.40, r 21.2.100, r 21.3.240, r 21.7.40, r Pt21.140, CPA 56.40, CPA 59.20, CPA 64.20 Ezystay Systems Pty Ltd v Link 2 Pty Ltd [2014] NSWSC 180 ............................................................................... r Pt25.20

F F v West Berkshire HA [1990] 2 AC 1 ....................................................................................................................... r Pt57.20 F, Re [2013] NSWSC 54 .............................................................................................................................................. r Pt57.40 F Hoffmann-La Roche & Co Attorney-General v Secretary of State for Trade and Industry [1975] AC 295 ............................................................................................................................................... r 7.23.40, SCA 66.220 FAI General Insurance Co Ltd v Burns (1996) 9 ANZ Insurance Cases 61-384 ....................................................... r 42.5.40 FAI General Insurance Co Ltd v Southern Cross Exploration NL (1988) 165 CLR 268; 62 ALJR 216 ........................................................................................................................................................... r 1.12.60, r 9.10.60 FM, Re [2012] NSWSC 445 ...................................................................................................................................... r Pt56A.20 FPM Constructions v Council of the City of Blue Mountains [2005] NSWCA 340 .............................................. CPA 98.60 Fabre v Lui (No 2) [2015] NSWCA 312 ................................................................................................................... r 42.15.50 Fabre v Lui (No 2) [2015] NSWCA 312; Mega-top Cargo Pty Ltd v Moneytech Services Pty Ltd [2016] NSWCA 3 .................................................................................................................................................. r 42.15.50 Fairfax Digital Australia & New Zealand Pty Ltd v Ibrahim (2012) 83 NSWLR 52; 263 FLR 211; [2012] NSWCCA 125 .............................................................................................................................................. r 4.2.100 Fairfax Financial Holdings Ltd, Re [2011] NSWSC 223 .......................................................................................... r 52.1.140 Falkenhagen v Perpetual Trustee Co Ltd [2017] NSWSC 580 ................................................................................... r 54.3.20 Fancourt v Mercantile Credits Ltd (1983) 154 CLR 87; 57 ALJR 621; 48 ALR 1 ................................ r 13.1.60, r 13.1.100 Farr v Queensland [2009] NSWSC 906 ....................................................................................................................... r 7.14.50 Fastlink Calling Pty Ltd v Macquarie Telecom Pty Ltd (2008) 217 FLR 366; [2008] NSWSC 299 ....................... r 35.1.40 Fastlink Calling Pty Ltd v Macquarie Telecom Pty Ltd (2008) 217 FLR 366; 26 ACLC 374; [2008] NSWSC 299 ................................................................................................................................................ r Pt35.20

[All references are to paragraph numbers.] ©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

xlv

Table of Cases

TABLE OF CASES

TABLE OF CASES Fay v Moramba Services Pty Ltd [2010] NSWSC 725 ............................................................................................... r 42.1.62 Fejo v Northern Territory (1998) 195 CLR 96; 72 ALJR 1442; [1998] HCA 58 ................................................. SCA 66.120 Felicity, Re; FM v Secretary, Department of Family and Community Services (No 4) [2015] NSWCA 19 ................................................................................................................ CPA 99.20, CPA 99.40, CPA 99.1000 Fellow, Re; Ex parte Stewart [1972] 2 NSWLR 317 ............................................................................................ SCR 55.0.60 Fenato v Chief Commissioner of State Revenue (2010) 78 NSWLR 20; [2010] NSWCA 80 .............. r 16.3.140, r 16.6.40 Fenton v Fenton (1966) 85 WN (NSW) (Pt 1) 430; 9 FLR 224; [1966] 2 NSWR 605 ........................................... r Pt14.80 Ferella v Stomo [2017] NSWCA 268 .......................................................................................................... r 42.2.40, r 42.5.30 Ferguson v Hyndman [2006] NSWSC 538 .................................................................................................................. r 42.1.52 Fernance v Nominal Defendant (1989) 17 NSWLR 710 ............................................................................ r 6.28.40, r 19.3.40 Ferrari v Beccaris [1979] 2 NSWLR 181 ..................................................................................................................... r 25.4.40 Ferraro v Woodward (1978) 143 CLR 102; 52 ALJR 528; 19 ALR 188 ........................................................... SCR 55.0.100 Fexuto Pty Ltd v Bosnjak Holdings Pty Ltd (No 2) (1998) 29 ACSR 290 ........................................................... r 36.16.180 Fexuto Pty Ltd v Lombe [2006] NSWSC 981 ......................................................................................................... CPA Pt6.20 Fiduciary Ltd v Morningstar Research Pty Ltd (2002) 55 NSWLR 1; [2002] NSWSC 432 ................... r 42.7.40, r 42.7.80 Fiduciary Ltd v Morningstar Research Pty Ltd (2004) 208 ALR 564; [2004] NSWSC 664 .......... r 42.21.80, r 42.21.110, r 42.21.140, r 42.21.400, r 42.21.410 Fiduciary Ltd v Morningstar Research Pty Ltd [2007] NSWSC 432 ......................................................................... r 22.1.80 Field v Commissioner for Railways (NSW) (1957) 99 CLR 285; 32 ALJR 110 ................................. r 21.3.220, CPA 30.20 Fineglow Pty Ltd v Anastasopoulos (2002) 57 NSWLR 39; [2002] NSWSC 1181 .............................................. r 31.13.140 Finlayson v Carr [1978] 1 NSWLR 657 ................................................................................................................. SCA 75.300 Finn v Carelli [2007] NSWSC 261 ............................................................................................................................. r 25.11.20 Finnie v Dalglish [1982] 1 NSWLR 400 ................................................................................................................... r 33.4.100 Fire & All Risks Inurance Co Ltd v Rousianos (1989) 19 NSWLR 57 ................................................................... r 42.35.40 Fire Containment Pty Ltd v Robins (No 2) [2011] NSWSC 547 ............................................................................... r 42.1.52 Firebird Global Master Fund II Ltd v Republic of Nauru (2014) 289 FLR 373; [2014] NSWSC 1358 ..................................................................................................................................................................... CPA 124.60 Firedam Civil Engineering Pty Ltd v Shoalhaven City Council [2010] NSWCA 59 .............................................. r 20.20.60 First American Corp v Sheikh Zayed Al-Nahyan [1999] 1 WLR 1154; [1998] 4 All ER 439 ......... r 52.1.100, r 52.1.120, r 52.6.20 First Capital Partners Pty Ltd v Sylvatech Ltd (2004) 186 FLR 266; [2004] NSWSC 846 ................................... r 33.9.120 Firth v Mowlem & Co Ltd [1978] 1 WLR 1184; [1978] 3 All ER 331 ..................................................................... r 12.5.40 Fitter v Public Trustee [2007] NSWSC 1487 .............................................................................................. r 6.11.60, r 12.5.40 Fitts v Froome [2001] NSWSC 965 ....................................................................................................................... SCR 55.0.80 Fitz Jersey Pty Ltd v Atlas Construction Group Pty Ltd [2017] NSWCA 53 ................................. CPA 117.05, CPA 117.07 Fitzgerald v National Bank Ltd [1929] 1 KB 394 ....................................................................................................... r 54.3.20 Fitzpatrick v Waterstreet (1995) 18 ACSR 694 ........................................................................................................ r 42.21.120 Five D Pty Ltd v Impact Building Pty Ltd [2007] NSWSC 993 ............................................................................ r 14.28.140 Fleming v Marshall [2010] NSWCA 356 ................................................................................................................. r 42.21.310 Fleming v Marshall (2011) 279 ALR 737; [2011] NSWCA 86 ................................................................................ r 6.43.100 Fleming v The Queen (1998) 197 CLR 250; 73 ALJR 1; 103 A Crim R 121; 158 ALR 379; [1998] HCA 68 .................................................................................................................................................. SCA 75A.60 Fletcher v Besser [2010] NSWCA 30 .......................................................................................................................... r Pt25.20 Fletcher v Seddon Atkinson Australia Pty Ltd [1979] 1 NSWLR 169 ................................................................... DCA 44.20 Fletcher Construction Australia Ltd v Lines MacFarlane & Marshall Pty Ltd (2001) 4 VR 28; [2001] VSCA 167 .................................................................................................................................................... r 36.2.60 Flinders Trading Co Pty Ltd, Re (1977) 20 SASR 14 ........................................................................................... SCA 75A.60 Florida Investments Pty Ltd v Milstern (Holdings) Pty Ltd [1972] WAR 148 ................................... r 14.28.60, r 14.28.200 Floth Pty LTd v Bulseco [2015] NSWSC 2076 ......................................................................................................... r 16.10.40 Foley v Australian Associated Motor Insurers Ltd [2008] NSWSC 778 .................................................................... r 42.1.52 Fookes v Slaytor [1978] 1 WLR 1293; [1979] 1 All ER 137 ................................................................................. r 14.14.180 Foots v Southern Cross Mine Management Pty Ltd (2007) 234 CLR 52 ............................................................... CPA 98.40 Foots v Southern Cross Mine Management Pty Ltd (2007) 234 CLR 52; [2007] HCA 56 ..................... CPA Pt7.Div2.1000 Foots v Southern Cross Mine Management Pty Ltd (2007) 234 CLR 52; 82 ALJR 173; 241 ALR 32; [2007] HCA 56 .................................................................................................................................................. r 42.1.40 Forbes Services Memorial Club Ltd v Hodge (unreported, NSW Ct of Appeal, 8 March 1995) ........................... r 42.15.80 Ford v Nagle [2004] NSWCA 33 ............................................................................................................................. r 14.28.140 Fordham v Fordyce (2007) 154 LGERA 49; [2007] NSWCA 129 ............................................................................. r 42.1.65

[All references are to paragraph numbers.] xlvi

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

Fordyce v Fordham (2006) 67 NSWLR 497; [2006] NSWCA 274 ......................................................... r 42.1.40, r 42.20.40 Forestview Nominees Pty Ltd v Perron Investments Pty Ltd (1999) 93 FCR 117; 162 ALR 482; [1999] FCA 405 ................................................................................................................................................. SCR 55.0.20 Forster v Farquhar [1893] 1 QB 564 .......................................................................................................................... r 42.1.120 Forsyth v Deputy Commissioner of Taxation (2007) 231 CLR 531; 81 ALJR 662; [2007] HCA 8 ..................... DCA 44.20 Forsyth, Re [1984] 2 NSWLR 327 ............................................................................................................................. r 52.1.100 Fortuna Holdings Pty Ltd v Deputy Commissioner of Taxation [1978] VR 83; (1976) 6 ATR 620 ................... SCA 66.400 Foster v Mountford (1976) 29 FLR 233 ................................................................................................................. SCA 66.360 Fostif Pty Ltd v Campbells Cash & Carry Pty Ltd (2006) 63 NSWLR 203; [2005] NSWCA 83 ......... r 7.4.80, r 7.4.100, r 13.4.160 Fothergill v Monarch Airlines Ltd [1981] AC 251; [1980] 3 WLR 209; [1980] 2 All ER 696 ............................ SCR 1.8.20 Foukkare v Angreb Pty Limited [2006] NSWCA 335 ............................................................................................... r 42.20.40 Foukkare v Angreb Pty Ltd [2006] NSWCA 335 ...................................................................................................... r 42.19.40 Foundation Enterprises Ltd v ML & C Heritage Pty Ltd (1998) 44 NSWLR 575 ................................................ SCR 1.8.60 Fountain Selected Meats (Sales) Pty Ltd v International Produce Merchants Pty Ltd (1988) 81 ALR 397 ................................................................................................................................................................... r 42.5.40 452 Green Lane, Ilford, Re [1971] 1 WLR 138; [1971] 1 All ER 315 ................................................................ SCR 68.0.40 Fowdh v Fowdh (unreported, NSW Ct of Appeal, 4 November 1993) ................................................................ SCA 75A.40 Fox v H Wood (Harrow) Ltd [1963] 2 QB 601 ........................................................................................................... r 15.4.40 Fox v Percy (2003) 214 CLR 118; 77 ALJR 989; [2003] HCA 22 ................................ r 31.1.120, r 50.16.60, SCA 75A.80 Foyster v Foyster Holdings Pty Ltd [2003] NSWSC 881 ................................................... r 33.4.140, r 33.11.40, r 42.33.40 Franklins Ltd v Burns [2005] NSWCA 54 ............................................................................................................... DCA 44.60 Franklins Pty Ltd v Endeavour Holdings Pty Ltd [2013] NSWSC 1204 ................................................ r 34.3.20, r 42.33.40 Franks v Berem Constructions Pty Ltd [1998] NSWSC 692 ................................................................. r 20.23.60, r 20.24.80 Franks v Warringah Council [2010] NSWSC 1318 ..................................................................................................... r 21.3.40 Fraser v The Queen [1984] 3 NSWLR 212; (1984) 15 A Crim R 58 ................................................................ SCR 55.0.120 Fraser v The Queen (No 2) [1985] 1 NSWLR 680; (1985) 19 A Crim R 248 .................................................. SCR 55.0.120 Fraser Henleins Pty Ltd v Cody (1945) 70 CLR 100 ............................................................................................... r Pt17.145 Fred Saad v State of New South Wales; Ashley Saad v State of New South Wales (No 2) [2016] NSWSC 1482 ......................................................................................................................................................... r 42.34.40 Free Serbian Orthodox Church Diocese for Australia and New Zealand Property Trust v Bishop Irinej Dobrijevic (No 3) [2017] NSWCA 109 ...................................................................................................... r 42.25.40 Free Serbian Orthodox Church Diocese for Australia and New Zealand Property Trust v Dobrijevic (No 3) [2017] NSWCA 109 ................................................................................................................. r Pt55.40 FremantleMedia Ltd v Yu [2016] NSWSC 1167 ....................................................................................................... r 25.11.20 French v Chapple [2000] NSWSC 1240 ...................................................................................................................... r 25.8.80 French Consulting Pty Ltd v Donald [2011] NSWSC 584 .......................................................................................... r 30.1.80 Freres v Jenssen (1970) 44 ALJR 191 .......................................................................................................................... r 17.7.40 Frey, Re; Ex parte McIntosh (1958) 75 WN (NSW) 519 ....................................................................................... CPA 140.20 Frieda and Geoffrey, Re [2009] NSW 133; 40 Fam LR 608 ...................................................................................... r Pt57.20 Friend v Brien (No 2) [2014] NSWSC 614 .............................................................................................. r 42.1.200, r 42.5.30 Frigo v Culhaci [1998] NSWCA 88 .................................................................................. r 25.11.20, r 25.14.20, SCA 66.260 Frigo v Culhaci (1998) NSWSC 393 .......................................................................................................................... r 25.11.20 Frippery Pty Ltd v Booth [2008] FCA 514 .................................................................................................................. r 42.5.40 Fruehauf Finance Corp Pty Ltd v Zurich Australian Insurance Ltd (1990) 20 NSWLR 359 .................................... r 21.4.40 Frumar v The Owners of Strata Plan 36957 [2010] NSWCA 172 ......................... CPA 101.60, CPA 101.1000, CPA 133.60 Fubilan Catering Services Ltd v Compass Group (Australia) Pty Ltd [2007] FCA 1497 ......................................... r 42.1.55 Fuller-Lyons v State of New South Wales (No 2) [2013] NSWSC 445 ............................................................... r 31.22.1000 Furber v Stacey [2005] NSWCA 242 ......................................................................................... r 42.1.40, r 42.1.55, r 42.1.60 Furness, Re [1943] Ch 415 ..................................................................................................................................... SCR 68.8.20

G G v Day [1982] 1 NSWLR 24 ................................................................................................................................ SCA 66.360 G v G [2016] NSWSC 511 ......................................................................................................................................... r Pt57.200 GAU v GAV [2014] QCA 308 ..................................................................................................................................... r Pt57.20 GDR v EKR [2012] NSWSC 1543 ............................................................................................................. r 57.3.30, r Pt57.60

[All references are to paragraph numbers.] ©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

xlvii

Table of Cases

TABLE OF CASES

TABLE OF CASES GE Capital Asset Services & Trading Asia Pacific Pty Ltd v Rocks Excavations & Plant Hire Pty Ltd (2003) 11 BPR 21253; [2003] NSWSC 99 .................................................................................................. CPA 93.40 GHI, Re (2005) 221 ALR 589; [2005] NSWSC 581 ................................................................................................... r 7.13.40 GIO General Ltd v ABB Installation & Service Pty Ltd (2000) 19 NSWCCR 720; [2000] NSWCA 118 ....................................................................................................................................... r 42.15.50, r 42.15.80 GPI Leisure Corp Ltd v Yuill (unreported, NSW Sup Ct, Young J, 6 August 1997) ............................................. SCA 75.20 GPI Leisure Corp Ltd (in liq) v Yuill (1997) 42 NSWLR 225 ................................................................................. r 21.3.220 GR Vaughan (Holdings) Pty Ltd v Vogt [2006] NSWCA 263 .................................................................................... r 42.1.60 Gaba Formwork Contractors Pty Ltd v Turner Corp Ltd (1991) 32 NSWLR 175 ................................................. CPA 93.60 Gabrielle and Frank, Re [2011] NSWSC 944 ............................................................................................................ r 50.17.40 Gaggin v Lemari (2000) 10 BPR 18381; [2000] NSWSC 856 .............................................................. r 10.6.40, r 10.14.120 Gain v Commonwealth Bank of Australia (1997) 42 NSWLR 252 ......................................................................... CPA 29.20 Galbally & O’Bryan v Easton [2016] NSWSC 77 ............................................................................ CPA 106.11, CPA 126.22 Galong Investments Pty Ltd v Biddulph [1980] 2 NSWLR 677 ........................................................................... SCA 49.120 Gamble v Killingsworth [1970] VR 161 ............................................................................................................... SCR 1A.2.40 Gamser v Nominal Defendant (1977) 136 CLR 145; 51 ALJR 315 ............................................. r 36.16.100, SCA 75A.100 Gangemi Holdings Pty Ltd v Salter [1999] NSWSC 1004 ....................................................................................... r 50.3.260 Gardner v Dairy Industry Authority (NSW) (1977) 52 ALJR 180; 18 ALR 55 ................................................... SCA 75.160 Garnham v Skipper (1885) 29 Ch D 556 ..................................................................................................................... r 46.3.20 Garnock v Black (No 2) [2005] NSWSC 1218 ....................................................................................................... CPA 112.20 Garrard (t/as Arthur Anderson & Co) v Email Furniture Pty Ltd (1993) 32 NSWLR 662 ................................. SCR 1.13.20 Garsec v His Majesty Sultan of Brunei (2007) 213 FLR 331; [2007] NSWSC 882 ................................................. r 12.5.40 Garth Barnett Interior Design Pty Ltd v Ellis [2009] NSWCA 193 ............................................................................. r 5.3.60 Gate Gourmet Australia Pty Ltd (in liq) v Gate Gourmet Attorney-General [2002] NSWSC 727 ....................... r 10.14.100 Gattellaro v Westpac Banking Corp (2004) 78 ALJR 394; 204 ALR 258; [2004] HCA 6 .................. r 14.10.40, r 14.14.80 Gattelleri v Meagher [1999] NSWSC 1279 ................................................................................................................. r 42.7.80 Gatti v Calvary Health Care Riverina Ltd [2013] NSWSC 1077 .......................................................................... CPA 146.20 Ge v River Island Clothing Pty Limited [2001] NSWSC 935 ............................................................................... CPA 146.20 Geeveekay Pty Ltd v Director of Consumer Affairs Victoria (No 2) [2008] VSC 152 ........................................... r 42.1.300 Geftlic v Merhi [2010] NSWCA 256 ...................................................................................................................... DCA 127.30 General Steel Industries Inc v Commissioner for Railways (NSW) (1964) 112 CLR 125; 38 ALJR 253; [1965] ALR 636 ........................................................................................................ r 13.4.120, r 14.28.80, r 16.2.40 Gentry Bros Pty Ltd v Wilson Brown & Assocs Pty Ltd (1992) 8 ACSR 405; 10 ACLC 1394; [1992] ATPR 41-184 ............................................................................................................................................ r 42.21.200 George v The Broken Hill Pty Co Ltd [2003] NSWCA 365 ...................................................... SCA 101.100, SCR 51.0.100 George Pearse Pty Ltd v O’Flynn (1961) 62 SR (NSW) 400; 79 WN (NSW) 328; [1963] NSWR 102 ....................................................................................................................................................................... CPA 140.20 Gerard Cassegrain & Co Pty Ltd v Claude Cassegrain [2012] NSWSC 285 ........................................................... r 46.11.20 Gerlach v Clifton Bricks Pty Ltd (2002) 209 CLR 478; 76 ALJR 828; 188 ALR 353; [2002] HCA 22 .................................................... r 28.2.140, DCA 76A.100, DCA 127.60, SCA 101.120, SCA 106.20, SCR 51.0.120 Gertsch v Roberts (1995) 35 NSWLR 631 ............................................................................................................ SCR 78.0.40 Gett v Tabet (2009) 254 ALR 504; [2009] NSWCA 76 ............................................................................................ r 20.26.80 Ghazal v Government Insurance Office (NSW) (1992) 29 NSWLR 336 ............................................................... r 14.14.120 Ghose v CX Reinsurance Company Ltd [2010] NSWSC 110 .................................................................................... r 28.5.40 Giannarelli v Wraith (1988) 165 CLR 543 ................................................................................................................. SC Gen 5 Gibson v Parkes District Hospital (1991) 26 NSWLR 9; [1991] Aust Torts Reports 81-140 ................................. r 13.4.140 Gigi Entertainment Pty Ltd v Schmidt [2010] NSWSC 906 ................................................................................... r 20.24.160 Gilchrist v R Wallace Mitchell Pty Ltd [1972] VR 481 .............................................................................................. r 22.3.80 Gilgandra Marketing Co-Op Ltd v Australian Commodity Merchandise Pty Ltd (in liq) (No 3) [2011] NSWSC 69 ................................................................................................................................................... r 25.4.30 Gill v Woodfin (1884) 25 Ch D 707 ............................................................................................................................ r 16.2.40 Gillard v Hunter Wire Products Pty Ltd t/as Hunter Screen Products (No 2) [2001] NSWCA 450 ......... DCA 127.80, SCA 101.100, SCR 51.0.100 Giorgi v European Asian Bank Aktiengesellschaft BC8601212 (Supreme Court ...................................................... r 45.2.40 Giorgi v European Asian Bank Aktiengesellschaft BC8601212 (Supreme Court; McClelland CJ in Eq; 3 March 1986), .................................................................................................................................................. r 1.16.40 Gladio Pty Ltd v Buckworth (No 2) [2015] NSWSC 1462 ...................................................................................... r 42.34.40 Glandon Pty Ltd v Strata Consolidated Pty Ltd (1993) 11 ACSR 543 ...................................................................... r 18.1.40

[All references are to paragraph numbers.] xlviii

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

Glazier Holdings Pty Ltd v Australian Men’s Health Pty Ltd (NSWSC, Young J, 30 April 1998, unreported) ............................................................................................................................................................... r 26.1.20 Glazier Holdings Pty Ltd v Australian Mens Health Pty Ltd (No 2) [2001] NSWSC 6 ........................................... r 46.4.20 Gleeson v Harness Racing Authority (NSW) (unreported, NSWSC, Young J, 7 December 1995) ............. SCA 65.20, SCR 54.0.80 Glengallan Investments Pty Ltd v Arthur Andersen [2002] 1 Qd R 233; (2001) 47 ATR 11; [2001] QCA 115 ................................................................................................................................................................ r 21.3.140 Glenwood Management Group Pty Ltd v Mayo [1991] 2 VR 49 ............................................................................. r 25.11.20 Global Funds Management (NSW) Ltd v Burns Philp Trustee Co Ltd [1990] 3 ACSR 183 .................................... r 26.1.60 Global Funds Management (NSW) Ltd v Rooney (1994) 36 NSWLR 122 ...................... r 21.3.140, r 22.2.120, SCA 75.60 Global Medical Solutions Australia Pty Ltd v Axiom Molecular Pty Ltd [2012] NSWSC 1517 ........................... r 25.19.20 Global Medical Solutions Australia Pty Ltd v Axiom Molecular Pty Ltd [2013] NSWSC 86 ................................. r Pt25.20 Glover v Australian Ultra Concrete Floors Pty Ltd [2003] NSWCA 80 .................... r 14.14.60, r 14.14.120, SCA 75A.140 Glover v Australian Ultra Concrete Floors Pty Ltd [2006] NSWSC 503 ................................................................. r 14.23.40 Glover v MacDougall [1976] 2 NSWLR 359 .............................................................................................................. r 6.36.60 Gnitekram Marketing Pty Ltd, Re [2010] NSWSC 1328 ............................................................................................ r Pt55.40 Godard v Gray (1870) LR 6 QB 139 ......................................................................................................................... r 53.7.180 Goding v Queensland Newspapers Pty Ltd (1965) 113 CLR 170; 39 ALJR 121 ...................................................... r 22.4.40 Godwin v Cashion (1878) 1 SCR (NSW) 165 ......................................................................................................... DCA 44.20 Golden Harvest (Aust) Pty Ltd v Paing Pty Ltd [2004] NSWCA 85 ................................................................. SCA 75A.100 Goldsmith v Sandilands (2002) 76 ALJR 1024; 190 ALR 370; [2002] HCA 31 ...................................................... r Pt14.20 Gollin Holdings Ltd v Adcock [1981] 1 NSWLR 691 ........................................................................................... SCA 49.120 Gomba Holdings (UK) Ltd v Minories Finance Ltd (No 2) [1993] Ch 171 .............................................................. r 42.5.40 Gonzales v Claridades (2003) 58 NSWLR 211; [2003] NSWCA 227 ................................................ r 54.3.20, SCR 68.2.20 Goodwin v Commissioner of Police (NSW) [2010] NSWCA 239 .................................................................... DCA 142N.20 Goold & Porter Pty Ltd v Housing Commission [1974] VR 102 ............................................... r 6.19.40, r 6.20.40, r 7.4.80 Gooley v Breda Pty Ltd (No. 2) [2017] NSWSC 817 ............................................................................................... r 42.33.40 Gooley v NSW Rural Assistance Authority (No 2) [2017] NSWSC 1336 ............................................................ CPA 135.37 Gorcynski v Perera [2003] NSWCA 211 ..................................................................................... SCA 101.100, SCR 51.0.100 Gordon v The Queen (1982) 41 ALR 64 ............................................................................................ r 31.29.100, r 31.30.100 Gordon Pacific Developments Pty Ltd (in liq) v Conlon [1993] 3 NZLR 760 ........................................................ r 53.7.100 Gorey v Griffin [1978] 1 NSWLR 739 .................................................................................................................. SCR 69.0.80 Gorman v Health Care Complaints Commission (NSW) [2012] NSWCA 251 ......................................................... r 18.1.40 Gosford City Council v Timbs [2000] NSWCA 31 ..................................................................... SCA 101.100, SCR 51.0.100 Gould v Mount Oxide Mines Ltd (in liq) (1916) 22 CLR 490 ................................................................................... r 36.1.40 Gould v Purtle [2014] NSWSC 493 ............................................................................................................ r 18.1.60, r 18.7.40 Gould v Vaggelas (1985) 157 CLR 215; 60 ALJR 49; 62 ALR 527 .................................... r 6.21.40, r 36.17.60, r 42.1.100 Gouriet v Union of Post Office Workers [1978] AC 435; [1977] 3 WLR 300; [1977] 3 All ER 70; (1977) 121 SJ 543 ............................................................. r 7.23.40, SCA 66.320, SCA 75.20, SCA 75.160, SCA 75.200 Gourlay v Casey (1927) 38 CLR 586; [1927] VLR 177 ............................................................................................. r 7.36.80 Gove v Black [2006] WASC 298 ............................................................................................................................... r 42.1.100 Government Insurance Office (NSW) v Evans (1990) 21 NSWLR 564 ...................................... SCA 107.20, SCR 51.0.220 Government Insurance Office (NSW) v Healey (No 2) (1991) 22 NSWLR 380 ................................... r 36.4.60, SCA 46.20 Government Insurance Office (NSW) v Johnson [1981] 2 NSWLR 617 ................................................................... r 7.10.40 Government Tram & Omnibus Services, Commissioner for v Vickery (1952) 85 CLR 635 .............................. DCA 126.20 Govers v Luff (unreported, NSW SC, Young J, 5 November 1997) ........................................................................... r 23.4.60 Gowing, Re; Ex parte Preen and Shepherd (2014) 17 BPR 32763; [2014] NSWSC 247 ....................... r Pt46.20, r Pt54.20 Grace v Thomas Street Café Pty Ltd (No 2) [2008] NSWCA 72 .......................................................... r 42.15.70, r 42.15.80 Graczyk v Graczyk [1955] ALR (CN) 1077 .............................................................................................................. r 10.21.40 Graham v Powell (No 3) [2014] NSWSC 185 ............................................................................................................. r 16.7.45 Graham v Proudfoot (1894) 11 WN (NSW) 91 ..................................................................................................... DCA 127.80 Graham v Seal (1919) 88 LJ Ch 31 ........................................................................................................................... r 42.25.40 Grant v Brewarrina Shire Council [No 3] (2003) 125 LGERA 348 ........................................................................... r 42.1.50 Grant v Downs (1976) 135 CLR 674; 51 ALJR 198 ........................................................... r 21.3.120, r 21.3.140, r 22.2.120 Grant v Easton (1883) 13 QBD 302 ........................................................................................................ r 53.1.180, r 53.1.200 Grant v Southwestern & County Properties Ltd [1975] Ch 185; [1974] 3 WLR 221; [1974] 2 All ER 465 ................................................................................................................................................................. SCR 1.8.40 Grasso v Love [1980] VR 163; (1979) 39 LGRA 101 ............................................................................................. SCA 66.80

[All references are to paragraph numbers.] ©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

xlix

Table of Cases

TABLE OF CASES

TABLE OF CASES Grave v Blazevic Holdings Pty Ltd (2010) 79 NSWLR 132; [2010] NSWCA 324 ................................................ r 16.3.140 Gray v BNY Trust Co of Australia Ltd (2009) 76 NSWLR 586; [2009] NSWSC 789 ............................................ r 46.7.20 Gray v Motor Accident Commission (1998) 196 CLR 1; 73 ALJR 45; [1998] HCA 70 .......................................... r 15.7.40 Great China Metal Industries Co Ltd v Malaysian International Shipping Corp Berhad (1998) 196 CLR 161; [1998] HCA 65 ...................................................................................................................................... r Pt52.60 Great Eastern Cleaning Service Pty Ltd, Re [1978] 2 NSWLR 278 .......................................................................... r 6.27.60 Greater Taree City Council v Murowski Investments Pty Ltd [2010] NSWLEC 258 ............................................. r 14.26.40 Greatorex v Shackle [1895] 2 QB 249 ......................................................................................................................... r 43.2.60 Greaves v CGU Insurance Ltd [2004] NSWSC 912 ................................................................................................. r 12.1.120 Gredd v Busson [2003] EWHC 3001 ........................................................................................................ r 52.1.100, r Pt52.20 Green v AMP Financial Planning Pty Ltd [2007] NSWSC 235 ............................................................................. r 42.21.200 Green v CGU Insurance Ltd (2008) 67 ACSR 105; [2008] NSWCA 148 .................. r 42.21.90, r 42.21.110, r 42.21.140, r 42.21.200 Green v Jones [1979] 2 NSWLR 812; (1979) 39 FLR 428 ........................................................................................ r 1.22.40 Greenhouse v Heatherington (1978) 122 Sol Jo 47 ..................................................................................................... r 42.5.40 Greenwood v Papademetri [2007] NSWCA 221 ................................................................................. CPA 65.20, CPA 65.400 Gregory’s Transport Pty Ltd v Ray’s Haulage Pty Ltd [2008] NSWCA 333 ......................................... r 16.3.110, r 16.6.40 Grey Smith, Re [1978] VR 596 .............................................................................................................................. SCR 78.0.80 Greyhound Australia Pty Ltd v Deluxe Coachlines Pty Ltd (1986) 11 FCR 592; 67 ALR 93 ................................. r 33.2.80 Gribbon v Lutton [2002] QB 902 ................................................................................................................................. r Pt43.40 Griffin v Sogelease Australia Ltd [2002] NSWCA 421 ............................................................................................. DCA 9.60 Griffin v Sogelease Australia Ltd (2003) 57 NSWLR 257; [2003] NSWCA 158 .................................................... r 22.2.140 Griffith v Blake (1884) 27 Ch D 474 ...................................................................................................................... SCA 66.440 Griffith v John Fairfax Publications Pty Ltd [2004] NSWCA 300 ....................................................................... DCA 76B.20 Griffith v Ystradyfodwg School Board (1890) 24 QBD 307 ..................................................................................... r 14.25.40 Grills v Leighton Contractors Pty Ltd (No 2) [2015] NSWCA 348 .................................................................. CPA 101.1000 Grima v RFI (Aust) Pty Ltd [2015] NSWSC 332 .................................................................................................. CPA 101.40 Grimthorpe, Re [1958] Ch 615; 1 WLR 381 ............................................................................................................. r 42.25.40 Grincelis v House (2000) 201 CLR 321 .................................................................................................................. CPA 100.40 Grincelis v House (2000) 201 CLR 321; [2000] HCA 42 .................................................................................. CPA 100.1000 Grizonic v Suttor [2006] NSWSC 1359 ................................................................................................ r 42.21.140, r 42.25.40 Grose, Re [1949] SASR 55 ........................................................................................................................................... r 55.1.20 Grosvenor Constructions (NSW) Pty Ltd (in admin) v Musico [2004] NSWSC 344 ........................................... CPA 135.20 Grygiel v Blaine [2004] NSWCA 377 ................................................................................................................. SCR 51.0.100 Grynberg v Muller [2002] NSWSC 350 .................................................................................................... r 42.1.200, r 42.5.40 Guardian Co-op Housing Society v Pritchard [2002] NSWSC 1002 ........................................................................ r 16.3.160 Guerin v Watts [2002] NSWSC 692 ................................................................................................ r 31.24.1000, r 31.26.1000 Guerinoni v Castino [2008] NSWSC 175 .................................................................................................................... r 43.2.60 Guest v Ibbitson (1922) 91 LJKB 558 ................................................................................................................... DCA 126.20 Guides Australia Inc v McMartin [2006] NSWCA 20 ............................................................................................... r 42.1.100 Gujarat NRE Australia Pty Ltd v Williams [2006] NSWSC 1131 .......................................................................... r 42.21.400 Gujarat NRE Australia Pty Ltd v Williams [2006] NSWSC 992 ............................................................................ r 42.21.110 Gujarat NRE India Pty Ltd v Wollongong Coal Ltd (No 4) [2017] NSWSC 1221 ............................................... r 31.5.1000 Gunns Finance Pty Ltd (Receivers and Managers Appointed) (In Liq) v Moss [2017] FCCA 1773 ..................... r 20.34.60 Guo v Bank of China Ltd [2008] NSWCA 89 ............................................................................................................. r 40.8.40 Guthrie v Spence (2009) 78 NSWLR 225; [2009] NSWCA 369 .......................................................................... DCA 127.50 Guthrie v Spence [2009] NSWCA 369; 78 NSWLR 225 .......................................................................... r 7.13.40, r 7.14.50 Guy v Ambrose (1887) 3 WN (NSW) 136 .................................................................................................................. r 43.3.40

H H v H [1984] 1 NSWLR 694 .................................................................................................................... r Pt57.20, r Pt57.140 H v H [2015] NSWSC 837 ........................................................................................................................ r 57.3.30, r Pt57.100 H, Re [2013] NSWSC 1384 ........................................................................................................................ r Pt57.40, r Pt57.60 H 1976 Nominees Pty Ltd v Galli (1979) 40 FLR 242; 30 ALR 181 ........................................................................ r 14.7.60 H Cousins & Co v D&C Carriers [1971] 2 QB 230 .............................................................................................. CPA 100.40 H Stevenson & Son Ltd v Brownell (1912) 2 Ch 344 ................................................................................................ r 43.2.60

[All references are to paragraph numbers.] l

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

HG v The Queen (1999) 197 CLR 414; 73 ALJR 281; 160 ALR 554 ................... r 31.18.80, r 31.18.1000, r 31.29.1000, r 31.30.1000, r Pt31.Div2.1000 HP Mercantile Pty Ltd v Dierickx [2013] NSWCA 479 .......................................................................................... CPA 21.40 HR Turner & Sons Pty Ltd v Rhodes [1970] 1 NSWR 305 ................................................................................... r 36.16.260 HS v AS [2014] NSWSC 1498 .................................................................................................................................. r Pt57.100 HSBC Bank Australia Ltd v Chang [2008] NSWSC 948 ........................................................................................... r 7.18.40 Hadid v Lenfest Communications Inc (1996) 70 FCR 403 ........................................................................................... r 5.3.60 Hadid v Redpath (2001) 35 MVR 152; [2001] NSWCA 416 ....................................................... DCA 127.100, SCA 106.20 Hadley v Baxendale (1852) 9 Exch 341; 156 ER 145 ................................................................................... CPA Pt7.Div3.40 Hagan v Waterhouse [1983] 2 NSWLR 395 ........................................................................ r 46.5.20, r Pt46.20, SCA 121.20 Hagan v Waterhouse (No 2) (1992) 34 NSWLR 400 ................................................................................................ r 42.25.40 Haines v Australian Broadcasting Corp (1995) 43 NSWLR 404 .............................................................................. r 13.4.160 Haines v Bendall (1991) 172 CLR 60 ..................................................................................................................... CPA 100.40 Hall v Foster [2012] NSWSC 974 ........................................................................................................ r 26.1.130, CPA 103.20 Hall v Nominal Defendant (1966) 117 CLR 423; 40 ALJR 102; [1966] ALR 705 ........... r 12.7.120, r 13.1.140, r 13.4.260 Hall v Swan [2013] NSWSC 1758 ............................................................................................................................... r 42.7.80 Hall, Ex parte (1915) 15 SR (NSW) 374 ..................................................................................................................... r 42.1.62 Halliday v High Performance Personnel Pty Ltd (in liq) (1993) 67 ALJR 678; 113 ALR 637 ............... r 7.24.60, r 7.24.80 Halloran v Minister Administering National Parks & Wildlife Act 1974 (2006) 229 CLR 545; 80 ALJR 519; [2006] HCA 3 ........................................................................................... r 31.13.60, r 31.14.40, r 31.14.1000 Hally v Dennis (1955) 95 CLR 661; 29 ALJR 374; 62 ALR (CN) 7 ........................................................................ r 42.1.60 Halpin v Lumley General Insurance Ltd (2009) 258 ALR 588; [2009] NSWSC 644 ............................................. r 35.9.160 Halpin v Lumley General Insurance Ltd (2009) 78 NSWLR 265; 261 ALR 741; [2009] NSWCA 372 .......... r 2.1.40, r 2.3.40, r 31.1.140, r 31.1.1000, r 31.10.1000, r 31.17.60, r 35.9.160, r Pt31.40, CPA Pt6.20, CPA 56.20 Hamilton v New South Wales [2013] NSWSC 1437 .................................................................................................. r 23.4.40 Hamilton-Smith v George [2006] FCA 1551 ............................................................................................................... r 35.1.40 Hammond v Hammond [2012] NSWSC 1326 ........................................................................................................... r 42.4.100 Hammond v New South Wales [2013] NSWSC 1930 ............................................................................................ CPA 13.160 Hammond v Scheinberg (2001) 52 NSWLR 49; [2001] NSWSC 568 .................................................. r 31.11.60, r 33.9.160 Hamod v NSW (2002) 188 ALR 659; [2002] FCA 424; FCAFC 97 ....................................................................... r 42.10.40 Hamod v NSW [2007] NSWSC 707 ............................................................................................................................ r 42.7.80 Hamod v New South Wales (2002) 188 ALR 659; [2002] FCA 424; [2002] FCAFC 97 ......................................... r 42.5.40 Hamod v New South Wales (No 6) [2007] NSWSC 1366 ........................................................................................ r 23.8.180 Hamod v State of New South Wales [2011] NSWCA 375 ....................................................................................... CPA 98.80 Hampton Court Ltd v Crooks (1957) 97 CLR 367; 31 ALJR 158; 64 ALR (CN) 1201; [1957] HCA 28 .................................................................................................................................................................... r 42.1.70 Hancock v Arnold (No 2) [2009] NSWCA 19 ........................................................................................................... r 42.15.50 Hancock v Rinehart [2015] NSWSC 1640 ................................................................................................................... r 42.7.40 Hancock, Re; Ex parte Australian General Disinfectant Co Pty Ltd (1968) 88 WN (Pt 1) (NSW) 176; [1968] 2 NSWR 772 .................................................................................................................................. CPA 140.40 Hanjin Shipping Co Ltd v Procter & Gamble (Philippines) Inc [1997] 2 Lloyd’s Rep 341 ..................................... r 43.2.80 Hann v Nield (unreported, NSWSC, James J, 14 October 1993) ......................................................... r 20.10.40, CPA 49.20 Hanna Investment Group 4 Pty Ltd v Tellavari Pty Ltd4 [2015] NSWSC 84 ....................................................... r 42.21.600 Hans Pet Constructions Pty Ltd v Cassar [2009] NSWCA 230 .... r 12.6.60, r Pt31.40, CPA 57.20, CPA 58.40, CPA 61.20, CPA 64.20 Hansen v Border Morning Mail Pty Ltd (1987) 9 NSWLR 44 ................................................................. r 22.1.60, r 22.1.80 Hansen v Monterey (Coolah) Pty Ltd [2012] NSWSC 1383 .................................................................. r 42.1.50, CPA 46.20 Hansen t/as Derrawee Pastoral Company v Monterey (Coohah) Pty Ltd [2012] NSWSC 1383 ........................... CPA 44.20 Harbutt’s Plasticine Ltd v Wayne Tank & Pump Co Ltd [1970] 1 QB 447 .......................................................... CPA 100.40 Harden Shire Council v Richardson (2012) 188 LGERA 200; [2012] NSWSC 622 ................................................. r 27.2.20 Harding v Bourke (2000) 48 NSWLR 598; [2000] NSWCA 60 ................................. r 31.28.1000, r Pt31.40, CPA 14.1000 Hardoon v. Belilios [1901] AC 118 ............................................................................................................................ r 42.1.200 Hardy Bros (Earthmoving) Pty Ltd (in liq) v Hardy Bros Civil Constructions Pty Ltd [2008] NSWSC 1220 ......................................................................................................................................................... r 42.15.40 Hargood v OHTL Public Company Ltd (No 2) [2015] NSWSC 511 ......................................................................... r 42.7.80 Hargrave v Slater (2002) 113 A Crim R 371; [2000] NSWSC 387 ................................................. SCA 65.20, SCR 54.0.80 Hargreaves, Re (1890) 44 Ch D 236 ............................................................................................................................ r 54.3.20

[All references are to paragraph numbers.] ©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

li

Table of Cases

TABLE OF CASES

TABLE OF CASES Harkianakis v Skalkos (1997) 42 NSWLR 22 ....................................................................................................... SCR 55.0.40 Harmer v Bean (1853) 175 ER 566; 3 Car & K 307 ................................................................................................ DCA 8.40 Harmer v Federal Commissioner of Taxation (1991) 173 CLR 264; 66 ALJR 89 ................................... r Pt41.70, r Pt43.40 Harpas v Federal Commissioner of Taxation (2002) 2002 ATC 4741; [2002] NSWCA 198 ................................. SCA 75.20 Harper v Whitby [1978] 1 NSWLR 35 ................................................................................................................... SCA 66.340 Harpur v Ariadne Australia Ltd [1984] 2 Qd 523; (1984) 8 ACLR 835; [1984] 2 ACLC 356 ............................. r 42.21.200 Harrington v North London Polytechnic [1984] 1 WLR 1293; [1984] 3 All ER 666 ............................................. r Pt21.120 Harris v Harris [1979] 2 NSWLR 252; (1980) 5 Fam LR 392 ............................................................................ SCR 69.0.20 Harris v Leaney (unreported, NSWCA, 26 June 1991) .......................................................................................... SCA 106.20 Harris v Slater (1888) 21 QBD 359 ..................................................................................................................... SCR 55.0.100 Harrison v Schipp [1999] NSWCA 443 ................................................................................................................. SCR 55.0.40 Harrison v Schipp [2001] NSWCA 13 ......................................................................................................................... r 42.5.40 Harrison v Schipp (2002) 54 NSWLR 612; [2002] NSWCA 78 ............................................... SCA 75A.140, SCA 75A.160 Harrison v Schipp (2002) 54 NSWLR 738; [2002] NSWCA 213 ........................................................................... CPA 98.80 Harrison v Schipp [2002] NSWCA 27 .................................................................................................. CPA 26.80, CPA 28.20 Harrison Partners Construction Pty Ltd v Jevena Pty Ltd [2006] NSWSC 317 ...................................................... r 25.11.20 Harry S Bagg’s Liquidation Warehouse Pty Ltd v Whittaker (1982) 44 NSWLR 421 ............................................. r 7.24.80 Harry Smith Car Sales Pty Ltd v Claycom Vegetable Supply Co Pty Ltd (1978) 29 ACTR 21 .............................. r 13.1.60 Hart v Nominal Defendant [1971] 1 NSWLR 147 .................................................................................................... r 14.11.40 Hartigan v International Krishna Consciousness Inc [1999] NSWSC 139 ............. r 49.12.60, SCA 75A.100, SCA 75A.120 Harvey v McWatters (1948) 49 SR (NSW) 173; 66 WN (NSW) 72 ......................................................................... r Pt41.20 Hastings v Hastings [2009] NSWCA 294 ................................................................................................................ r 42.21.110 Hastings Point Progress Assn Inc v Tweed Shire Council (No 3) (2010) 172 LGERA 157; [2010] NSWCA 39 ............................................................................................................................................................ r 42.1.300 Hatfield v TCN Channel Nine Pty Ltd (2010) 77 NSWLR 506; [2010] NSWCA 69 ................................................. r 5.3.60 Hawes v Dean [2014] NSWCA 380 .......................................................................................................................... CPA 21.40 Hawke v Limbo (unreported, NT Sup Ct, Kearney J, 9 August 1990) ....................................................................... r 42.5.40 Hawke v Tamworth Newspaper Co Ltd [1983] 1 NSWLR 699 ................................................................................. r 22.4.40 Hawkesbury District Health Service Ltd v Chaker (No 2) [2011] NSWCA 30 ....................................................... r 42.1.120 Hawksford v Hawksford (2005) 191 FLR 173; [2005] NSWSC 463 ........................................................ r 7.24.60, r 7.24.80 Hayes v Development Assessment Commission (No 4) (1997) 95 LGERA 7 ....................................................... r 14.14.220 Hayes v Lend Lease Darling Park One Pty Ltd; Hayes v Sydney Harbour Foreshore Authority; Hayes v DPPT Operator Pty Ltd [2017] NSWSC 1376 ........................................................................................ r 6.29.40 Health Care Complaints Commission v Litchfield (1997) 41 NSWLR 630 ............................................................. r 51.40.40 Healy v Askin [1974] 1 NSWLR 436 ..................................................................................................................... SCA 66.340 Heaps v Addison Wesley Longman Australia Pty Ltd [2000] NSW ConvR 55-945; [2000] NSWSC 542 ........................................................................................................................................................... r 42.1.300 Heaps v Longman [2000] NSW ConvR 55-945; [2000] NSWSC 542 ....................................................................... r 42.5.40 Heath v Greenacre Business Park Pty Ltd [2016] NSWCA 34 ................................................................................ CPA 98.60 Heerey, Re; Ex parte Heinrich (2001) 185 ALR 106; [2001] HCA 74 .......................................... SCA 69.60, SCR 54.0.140 Heiliger, Ex parte (1897) 13 WN (NSW) 170 ........................................................................................................ CPA 140.40 Helensburgh Workers Club v Marshall [1984] 2 NSWLR 566 ............................................................................... DCA 44.60 Helicopter Sales (Aust) Pty Ltd v Rotor-Work Pty Ltd (1974) 132 CLR 1; 48 ALJR 390; 4 ALR 77 ................................................................................................................................................................................ r 9.5.80 Heller Factors Pty Ltd v John Arnold’s Surf Shop Pty Ltd (1979) 22 SASR 20; 4 ACLR 492; [1979] CLC 40-571 .............................................................................................................................................. r 42.21.110 Heller Factors Pty Ltd v John Arnold’s Surf Shop Pty Ltd (in liq) (1979) 4 ACLR 492; CLC 40-571 ................................................................................................................................................................... r 42.21.110 Hellier Capital Pty Litd v Albarran [2009] NSWSC 403 .......................................................................................... r 37.4.100 Hemburrow, Re [1969] VR 764 .............................................................................................................................. SCR 78.0.60 Henderson v Amadio Pty Ltd [1996] FCA 1341 ......................................................................................................... r 42.5.40 Henderson v Henderson (1843) 67 ER 313; [1843] All ER Rep 378 ......................................................................... r 6.12.40 Hendriks v McGeoch (No 2) [2008] NSWCA 103 .................................................................................................... r 42.15.80 Henley, Re (2013) 17 BPR 32435; [2013] NSWSC 975 ............................................................................................ r Pt55.40 Henry v Henry (1996) 185 CLR 571; 70 ALJR 480 ................................................................................ r 11.7.60, r 13.4.180 Henry v Stewart (NSWSC, Cohen J, 9 June 1995, unreported) ................................................................................ r 26.1.120 Heperu Pty Ltd v Morgan Brooks Pty Ltd (No 2) [2008] NSWSC 80 ...................................................................... r 42.1.62 Herald & Weekly Times Ltd v Hawked [1984] VR 587 ............................................................................................. r 22.1.80

[All references are to paragraph numbers.] lii

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

Herbert v O’Neill (unreported, Roden J, 15 February 1980) ..................................................................... r 23.4.60, r 23.7.60 Herbert v Tamworth City Council (No 4) (2004) 60 NSWLR 476 ....................................................................... CPA 98.100 Herbert v Tamworth City Council (No 4) (2004) 60 NSWLR 476; [2004] NSWSC 394 ...................... r 42.7.80, r 42.15.80 Herning v GWS Machinery Pty Ltd (No 2) [2005] NSWCA 375 ............................................................................ r 42.15.80 Hertslet, Re [2016] NSWSC 1240 ................................................................................................................................ r Pt55.40 Hession v Century 21 South Pacific Ltd (in liq) (1992) 28 NSWLR 120 ................................................................ r 42.21.60 Hetherington-Gregory v All Vehicle Services (No 2) [2012] NSWCA 257 ............................................................... r 7.36.40 Hewins v Formica Plastics Pty Ltd (1968) 87 WN (Pt 1) (NSW) 469; [1968] 3 NSWR 793 ...... CPA 140.20, CPA 140.40, DCA 18G.20, DCA 76.20 Hexiva Pty Ltd v Lederer (No 2) [2007] NSWSC 49 .......................................................................................... CPA 100.120 Heydon v Gell (1900) 17 WN (NSW) 181; 21 LR (NSW) Eq 265 ........................................................................... r Pt54.20 Heydon v NRMA (2001) 53 NSWLR 600; [2001] NSWCA 445 ..................................................... r 36.7.40, SCA 75A.200 Hi-Tech Telecom Pty Ltd (in liq) v Yahaya [2013] NSWSC 853 ............................................................................... r Pt25.20 Hickie v Land Enviro Corp Pty Ltd [2013] NSWSC 706 ................................................................ CPA 135.20, CPA 135.30 Hicks, Re; Ex parte HJK Enterprises Pty Ltd (1969) 71 SR (NSW) 353; 89 WN (Pt 2) (NSW) 182 ...................................................................................................................................................................... DCA 156.20 Hicks (No 2), Re (1895) 17 ALT 91; [1895] 1 ALR 96 ....................................................................................... SCR 68.0.60 Higgins v Higgins [2002] NSWSC 455 ............................................................................. CPA 26.20, CPA 26.40, CPA 26.60 Highland v Labraga (No 3) [2006] NSWSC 871 ......................................................................................................... r 42.1.57 Hill v Cooke (1957) 58 SR (NSW) 49; 75 WN (NSW) 82 .................................................................................. DCA 126.20 Hill v W&F Lechner Pty Ltd [2006] NSWSC 440 ....................................................................................................... r 3.8.80 Hill End Gold Ltd v First Tiffany Resource Corp [2008] NSWSC 1412 ................................................................... r 14.9.60 Hillebrand v Penrith Council [2000] NSWSC 1058 .................................................................................................... r 42.5.40 Hillier v Sheather (1995) 36 NSWLR 414 ........................................................ r 20.26.40, r 42.13.40, r 42.15.45, r 42.15.50 Hillig v Darkinjung Pty Ltd [2008] NSWSC 409 ..................................................................................................... CPA 26.20 Hillig v Darkinjung Pty Ltd (No 2) [2008] NSWCA 147 .......................................................................... r 7.24.80, r 42.1.57 Hillston v Bar-Mordecai [2002] NSWSC 477 .......................................................................................................... r 36.16.210 Hilton v Gidley [2014] NSWSC 874 ............................................................................................................................ r 12.5.40 Hintze v Hintze; claimant (1899) 24 VLR 939 ............................................................................................................ r 43.6.60 Hip Foong Hong v Neotia & Co [1918] AC 888 .................................................................................................. DCA 126.20 His Eminence Metropolitan Petar, Diocesan Bishop of the Macedonian Orthodox Church of Australia and New Zealand v Macedonian Orthodox Community Church of St Petka Inc [2007] NSWCA 150 ................................................................................................................................................ r Pt55.40 His Eminence Metropolitan Petar, Diocesan Bishop of the Macedonian Orthodox Church of Australia and New Zealand v The Macedonian Orthodox Community Church St Petka Inc (No 2) [2007] NSWCA 142 ................................................................... r 42.1.65, r 42.7.40, r 42.7.80, r 42.7.100, CPA 15.40 Hlentzos, Re; Ex parte Collins (1935) 52 WN (NSW) 65 .................................................................................... DCA 199.20 Hoban v Davey [1972] 1 NSWLR 59 ........................................................................................................................ DCA 9.20 Hobartville Stud v Union Insurance (1991) 25 NSWLR 358 ........................................................................ CPA Pt7.Div3.40 Hobartville Stud Pty Ltd v Union Insurance Co Ltd (1991) 25 NSWLR 358 ............... r 42.5.40, r 42.15.50, Pt 20.Div4.20 Hobler v Francis [1911] St R Qd 17 .............................................................................................................................. r 8.2.60 Hocking v Bell (1945) 71 CLR 430; 46 SR (NSW) 251; 63 WN (NSW) 123 .... DCA 126.20, SCA 102.20, SCR 51.0.180 Hodder v Australian Workers’ Union [1985] 4 FCR 541; (1985) 11 IR 42 ................................................................. r 8.2.60 Hodder Rook & Assocs Pty Ltd v Genworth Financial Mortgage Insurance Pty Ltd [2011] NSWCA 279 ................................................. r 31.23.80, r 31.23.100, r 31.23.1000, r Pt31.40, CPA 14.40, CPA 14.1000 Hogan v Australian Crime Commission (2010) 240 CLR 651; 267 ALR 12; [2010] HCA 21 ................................. r 4.2.100 Hogan v Trustees of the Roman Catholic Church for the Archdiocese of Sydney (No 2) [2006] NSWSC 74 ............................................................................................................................................................. r 42.1.120 Holcombe v Coulton (1988) 17 NSWLR 71 ................................................................................. SCA 106.40, SCR 51.0.200 Holden v Cronulla Golf Club Ltd (Young J, 24 June 1986, unreported) ................................................................... r 42.1.62 Hole v Chard Union [1894] 1 Ch 293 .......................................................................................................................... r 30.3.40 Holland Stolte Pty Ltd, Re [1993] 2 Qd R 247 ......................................................................................................... r 42.21.80 Hollis v Marshall (1858) 2 H & N 755 ...................................................................................................................... r 14.11.40 Holloway v Chairperson of the Residential Tribunal (2001) 51 NSWLR 716; 10 BPR 18905; [2001] NSWCA 209 ................................................................................................................................................ r 6.11.60 Holmes ′a Court v Papaconstuntinos [2011] NSWCA 59 ......................................................................................... r 15.30.40 Holovinsky v Commissioner of Police (No 3) (2006) 4 DDCR 154; [2006] NSWDC 88 ............................... DCA 142K.20 Holt v Protective Commissioner (1993) 31 NSWLR 227 ................ r 57.3.30, r 57.11.20, r Pt57.20, r Pt57.100, r Pt57.140

[All references are to paragraph numbers.] ©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

liii

Table of Cases

TABLE OF CASES

TABLE OF CASES Holt v Wynter (2000) 49 NSWLR 128; [2000] NSWCA 143 ................................................ r 42.1.65, r 42.6.40, CPA 65.20 Holtby v Hodgson (1889) 24 QBD 103 .................................................................................................................. CPA 117.40 Home Office v Harman [1983] 1 AC 280; [1982] 1 All ER 532; [1982] 2 WLR 338 ........................... r 21.7.40, r 33.9.160 Homebush Abattoir Corp v Bermria Pty Ltd (1991) 22 NSWLR 605 ................................................ r 20.24.60, r 20.24.100 Hon JRT Wood v Galea (1996) 84 A Crim R 274; (1997) 92 A Crim R 287 ................................................... SCR 55.0.120 Hooker v Gilling (No 2) [2007] NSWCA 214 ........................................................................... r 42.1.40, r 42.1.50, r 42.1.70 Hooper v Gorman [1976] 2 NSWLR 431 .............................................................................................................. SCA 75A.40 Horley v Sector 7G Architecture Pty Ltd (in liq) [2011] NSWSC 827 .................................................................... r 50.16.60 Hornsby Building Information Centre Pty Ltd v Sydney Building Information Centre Ltd (1978) 140 CLR 216; 52 ALJR 392 .............................................................................................................................. SCA 66.120 Hornsby Shire Council v Valuer General (NSW) [2008] NSWSC 1281 .................................................................... r 42.1.57 Horseshoe Pastoral Co Pty Ltd v Murray Smith t/as South Coast Tile & Slate Co (unreported, NSW Ct of Appeal, 7 November 1995) ................................................................................................................. r 42.5.40 Horsnell v Allworth Constructions Pty Ltd [2016] NSWSC 844 ................................................................................ r 22.1.60 Hortico (Aust) Pty Ltd v Energy Equipment Co (Aust) Pty Ltd (1985) 1 NSWLR 545 ............... SCA 66.120, SCA 66.240 Hoskins v Van Den-Braak (1998) 43 NSWLR 290 .............................................................................. r 36.15.60, r 36.15.100 Hospitals Contribution Fund of Australia v Hunt (1982) 44 ALR 365 .................................................. r 13.4.140, r 53.7.180 Houatchanthara v Bednarczyk [1996] NSWSC 486 ............................................................................... r 42.15.45, r 42.15.50 Houlden v Smith (1850) 14 QB 841 ........................................................................................................................ DCA 13.20 House v The King (1936) 55 CLR 499; 9 ABC 117 ........................................ r 14.14.220, r 20.24.60, r 49.4.60, r 49.20.80 Housing Commission (NSW) v Tatmar Pastoral Co Pty Ltd [1983] 3 NSWLR 378; (1983) 53 LGRA 325 ....................................................................................................................................... r 36.2.60, DCA 127.100 Howard v Telstra Corp Ltd [2003] NSWCA 188 ..................................................................................... r 42.1.62, CPA 46.20 Howey & Co Pty Ltd v Creative Projects International Pty Ltd [1973] 2 NSWLR 898 ........................................... r 18.4.60 Howship Holdings Pty Ltd v Leslie (1996) 41 NSWLR 542; 133 FLR 303; 21 ACSR 440; 14 ACLC 1549 .............................................................................................................................................................. r 10.5.40 Hoxton Park Residents Action Group Inc v Liverpool City Council [2014] NSWSC 372 ....................................... r 21.9.40 Hoyts Pty Ltd v Burns (2003) 77 ALJR 1934; [2003] HCA 61 ........................................................................... SCA 75A.80 Hrybynyuk v Mazur [2004] Aust Torts Reports 81-774; [2004] NSWCA 374 ..................................................... SCA 75.300 Hu v Northern Sydney Area Health Service (2002) 1 DCLR (NSW) 19 ................................................................. r 14.11.60 Hu v PS Securities Pty Ltd (2011) 82 ASCR 234; [2011] NSWSC 98 .................................................................... r 25.11.20 Huang v Drumm [2017] NSWCA 29 ...................................................................................................................... CPA 144.40 Hubbard Assn of Scientologists International v Anderson [1972] VR 340 ................................................................ r 7.1.100 Hubbard Assn of Scientologists International v Anderson (No 2) [1972] VR 577 ...................................................... r 7.1.60 Hubbard Assoc of Scientologists International v Attorney-General (Vic) [1976] VR 119 ...................................... CPA 65.20 Hudson v South Sydney Municipal Council [1981] 46 LGRA 128 .......................................................................... DCA 9.20 Hudson, Re; Ex parte GE Crane & Sons Ltd (1990) 25 FCR 318 ........................................................................... r 10.21.40 Hughes v Western Australian Cricket Assn Inc (1986) 66 ALR 541; [1986] ATPR 40-725 ..................................... r 22.1.60 Hughes v Western Australian Cricket Association Inc (1986) ATPR 40-748; [1986] FCA 382 .............................. r 42.1.120 Hughes Aircraft Systems International v Civil Aviation Authority (1995) 217 ALR 303 ............................................ r 5.2.40 Hughes Motor Service Pty Ltd v Wang Computer Pty Ltd (1978) 35 FLR 346 ..................................................... r 13.4.180 Hui v Commonwealth [2001] FCA 69 ......................................................................................................................... r 7.36.40 Human Services, Department of; Re M [2011] NSWSC 369 ..................................................................................... r 35.2.40 Hume v Council of the Kings School [2010] NSWSC 186 ........................................................................................ r 4.2.100 Hume Coal Pty Ltd v Alexander (No 4) [2013] NSWLEC 106 ............................................................................... r 42.1.260 Humphries v Newport Quays Stage 2A Pty Ltd [2009] FCA 699 .............................................................................. r 28.5.40 Hungerfords v Walker (1989) 171 CLR 125 ................................................................ CPA Pt7.Div3.40, CPA Pt7.Div3.1000 Hungerfords v Walker (1989) 171 CLR 125; [1989] HCA 8 ......................................................................... CPA Pt7.Div3.40 Hunt v BP Exploration Co (Libya) Ltd (1980) 144 CLR 565; [1980] HCA 7 .......................................................... r 53.2.80 Hunt v Watkins (2000) 49 NSWLR 508; [2000] NSWCA 229 ................................................................................ r 29.10.60 Hunter v Chief Constable of the West Midlands [1982] AC 529 ........................................................................... r 14.28.140 Hunter v Hanson [2014] NSWCA 263 ......................................................................................................................... r 1.12.50 Hunter and New England Area Health Service v A (2009) 74 NSWLR 88; [2009] NSWSC 761 ........................... r Pt57.20 Hunters Hill Municipal Council v Pedler [1976] 1 NSWLR 478 ............................................................................. r 4.10.100 Huntington v Attrill [1893] AC 150 ........................................................................................................................... r 53.1.160 Huntsman Chemical Co Aust Ltd v International Pools Aust Pty Ltd (1995) 36 NSWLR 242; 125 FLR 151; [1995] ATPR 41-403 ............................................................................................................................... r 42.5.40 Hurstville Municipal Council v Connor (1991) 24 NSWLR 724 ............................................................................... r 42.5.40

[All references are to paragraph numbers.] liv

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

Hutchinson v Nominal Defendant [1972] 1 NSWLR 443 ....................................................................................... r 36.16.210 Hyland v AGC (Wholesale) Pty Ltd [1983] 1 VR 222 ............................................................................................. r 25.3.120 Hyslop v Australian Paper Manufacturers Ltd (No 2) (1987) VR 309 ..................................................................... r 24.13.40

I IA v TA [2016] NSWCA 179 ...................................................................................................................... r 7.14.50, r 7.14.70 ICAP Australia Pty Ltd v Moebes [2010] NSWSC 738 .............................................................................................. r 34.2.60 ICAP Pty Ltd v Moebes [2009] NSWSC 306 .............................................................................................................. r 34.2.40 IMG of America Pty Ltd v Townsend (unreported, NSWSC, Allen M, 25 July 1983) ........................................... r 16.3.120 IOL Petroleum Ltd v O’Neill (unreported, NSWSC, Young J, 9 October 1995) .................................. r 21.3.120, r 21.11.60 IR v AR [2015] NSWSC 1187 .................................................................................................................... r Pt57.20, r Pt57.40 Iacullo v Iacullo [2012] NSWSC 189 ...................................................................................................... r 20.15.120, r 46.4.20 Iacullo v Iacullo [2013] NSWSC 1517 ....................................................................................................................... r 20.24.60 Iacullo v Iacullo (No 3) [2012] NSWSC 274 ......................................................................................... r 20.14.60, r 20.22.40 Iacullo v Iacullo (No 4) [2012] NSWSC 331 ............................................................................................................ r 20.22.40 Ibrahim v PERI Australia Pty Ltd [2013] NSWCA 328 ............................................................................................ r 42.19.40 IceTV Pty Ltd v Ross [2009] NSWSC 832 ................................................................................................................. r 34.2.40 IceTV Pty Ltd v Ross [2011] NSWSC 1211 ................................................................................................................ r 50.7.40 Ide v Ide (2004) ACSR 324 .......................................................................................................................................... r 26.4.40 Idoport v National Australia Bank [2002] NSWCA 271 ......................................................................................... r 42.21.600 Idoport v National Australia Bank [2002] NSWSC 18 ............................................................................................ r 42.21.600 Idoport Pty Ltd v National Australia Bank Ltd (2000) 49 NSWLR 51; [2000] NSWSC 338 .............................. CPA Pt6.20 Idoport Pty Ltd v National Australia Bank Ltd [2000] NSWSC 599 ......................................................................... r 15.4.40 Idoport Pty Ltd v National Australia Bank Ltd [2001] NSWSC 1024 ....................................................................... r 34.2.60 Idoport Pty Ltd v National Australia Bank Ltd [2001] NSWSC 427 ................................................... CPA 26.80, CPA 27.10 Idoport Pty Ltd v National Australia Bank Ltd [2001] NSWSC 744 ..... r 42.21.60, r 42.21.100, r 42.21.110, r 42.21.120, r 42.21.140, r 42.21.200, r 42.21.400, r 42.21.410 Idoport Pty Ltd v National Australia Bank Ltd [2001] NSWSC 838 ................................................ r 31.6.1000, r 31.7.1000 Idoport Pty Ltd v National Australia Bank Ltd [2002] NSWCA 271 ................................................ r 42.21.200, r 42.21.600 Idoport Pty Ltd v National Australia Bank Ltd [2002] NSWSC 18 ....................................................................... r 42.21.600 Illawarra Hotel Co Pty Ltd v Walton Construction Pty Ltd (2013) 84 NSWLR 410; [2013] NSWCA 6 .............................................................................................................................................................. r 20.24.60 Illawarra Hotel Company Pty Ltd v Walton Construction Pty Ltd (No 2) (2013) 84 NSWLR 436; [2013] NSWCA 211 .......................................................................................................................................... CPA 100.140 Imbree v McNeilly (No 2) (2008) 236 CLR 567; 82 ALJR 1501; 249 ALR 441; [2008] HCA 47 ....................... r 42.15.50 Imperial Leatherware Co Pty Ltd v Macri & Marcellino Pty Ltd (1991) 22 NSWLR 653 ............................. SCR 72A.5.20 Imperial Tobacco Ltd v Attorney-General [1981] AC 718; [1980] 2 WLR 466; [1980] 1 All ER 866 ....................................................................................................................................................................... SCA 75.180 In the re Dungowan Manly Pty Ltd (in liq) [2015] NSWSC 915 .......................................................................... CPA 100.80 Independent Commission against Corruption v Cripps (unreported, NSW Sup Ct, Sully J, 27 August 1996) ......................................................................................................................................... r 42.1.62, r 42.1.300 Indochina Medical Co Pty Ltd v Nicolai [2013] NSWCA 436 .............................................................. r 31.6.40, r 31.6.1000 Indyk v Wiernik [2006] NSWSC 868 ........................................................................................................................... r 42.1.52 Ingham v Walker (1887) 3 TLR 448 ............................................................................................................................ r 43.2.60 Inghams Enterprises Pty Ltd v Smith [1975] 1 NSWLR 76 .................................................................................. SCA 75.100 Inglis v Ku-Ring-Gai Municipal Council [2009] NSWLEC 189 .............................................................................. r 21.11.40 Inglis v Moore (1979) 46 FLR 3; 24 ALR 411 ...................................................................................................... SCA 75.180 Inglis v Moore (No 2) (1979) 46 FLR 470; 25 ALR 453 .......................................................................... r 7.24.60, r 7.24.80 Ingot Capital Investment v Macquarie Equity Capital Markets (No 7) [2008] NSWSC 199 .................................... r 42.5.40 Ingot Capital Investment Pty Ltd v Macquarie Equity Capital Markets Ltd (2008) 73 NSWLR 653; [2008] NSWCA 206 ...................................................................................................................................... r 14.14.80 Ingot Capital Investments Pty Ltd v Macquarie Equity Capital Markets Ltd [2003] NSWSC 1102 ........................ r 42.5.40 Ingot Capital Investments Pty Ltd v Macquarie Equity Capital Markets Ltd [2004] NSWSC 1091 ........... CPA 30.40, CPA 30.60 Ingot Capital Investments Pty Ltd v Macquarie Equity Capital Markets Ltd [2004] NSWSC 1219 ........................ r 31.4.60 Ingot Capital Investments Pty Ltd v Macquarie Equity Capital Markets Ltd No 7 (2008) 65 ACSR 324; [2008] NSWSC 199 ........................................................................................................................................ r 42.5.40

[All references are to paragraph numbers.] ©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

lv

Table of Cases

TABLE OF CASES

TABLE OF CASES Innovative Agricultural Products Pty Ltd v Cranshaw [1996] FCA 758 ................................................................. CPA 28.40 Insurance Australia Ltd t/a NRMA Insurance v Milton [2016] NSWCA 156 .......................................................... r 51.29.40 Insurance Australia Ltd t/a NRMA Insurance v Milton (No 2) [2016] NSWCA 173 ............................. r 51.29.40, SC CL 3 Insurance Exchange of Australasia v Dooley (2000) 50 NSWLR 222; [2000] NSWCA 159 ................. r 9.5.80, CPA 22.80 Insurance Ministerial Corp (NSW) v Abualfoul (1999) 94 FCR 247; 162 ALR 417; [1999] FCA 433 .......................................................................................................................................... r 7.14.40, r 7.14.60, r 7.14.65 Insurance Ministerial Corp (NSW) v Reeve (1993) 42 NSWLR 100 .................................................... r 42.15.45, r 42.15.50 Integral Home Loans Pty Ltd v Interstar Wholesale Finance Pty Ltd [2006] NSWSC 1464 .................................... r 28.2.40 Integrated Asset Management Pty Ltd v Trans Communication Pty Ltd (No 2) [2015] NSWSC 1690 .......................................................................................................................................................................... r 17.3.30 International Advisor Systems Pty Ltd v XYYX Pty Ltd [2008] NSWSC 312 ......................................................... r 42.5.40 International Advisor Systems Pty Ltd v XYYX Pty Ltd (No 3) [2008] NSWSC 430 ............................................... r 9.1.60 Interwest Ltd v Tricontinental Corp Ltd (1991) 5 ACSR 621; 9 ACLC 1218 .................................. r 42.21.110, r 42.21.300 Investa Listed Funds Management Ltd, Re [2016] NSWSC 341 ............................................................................... r Pt55.40 Investa Listed Funds Management Ltd, Re [2016] NSWSC 344 ............................................................................... r Pt55.40 Investec Australia Finance Pty Ltd v Naude [2016] FCA 731 .................................................................................. r 39.1.500 Investec Bank (Aust) Ltd v Burge (No 2) [2011] NSWSC 1557 ............................................................................... r 17.2.60 Inzaurralde v Government Insurance Office (NSW) (unreported, NSW Ct of Appeal, 28 October 1992) ................................................................................................................................................................ SCA 75A.140 Ion v Danutz [2012] NSWSC 941 ............................................................................................................. r 14.28.80, r 16.6.40 Ireland v Retallack (2012) 8 ASTLR 431; (2012) 8 ASTLR 431 .............................................................................. r Pt55.40 Ireland v Retallack (No 2) [2011] NSWSC 1096 ...................................................................................................... r 42.1.200 Irving v Askew (1870) LR 5 QB 208 ....................................................................................................................... DCA 81.20 Irwin v Burton (1945) 63 WN (NSW) 78 ................................................................................................................ DCA 48.60 Isaacs & Sons v Salbstein [1916] 2 KB 139 ................................................................................................................ r 6.12.40 Isbester, Ex parte (1894) 11 WN (NSW) 53 ............................................................................................................ DCA 48.60 Islamic Council of South Australia Inc v Australian Federation of Islamic Councils Inc [2009] NSWSC 211 ........................................................................................................................................................... r 26.1.130 Island Records Ltd v Corkindale [1978] Ch 122 .................................................................................................... SCA 75.180 Israel Discount Bank of New York v Hadjipateras [1984] 1 WLR 137; [1983] 3 All ER 129 ............................... r 53.7.220 Italform Pty Ltd v Sangain Pty Ltd [2009] NSWCA 427 ....................................................................................... r 20.24.180 Italian Forum Ltd v The Owners - Strata Plan 60919 (2012) 16 BPR 31685; [2012] NSWSC 895 ........................ r 18.1.60 Itek Graphix Pty Ltd v Elliott (2002) 54 NSWLR 207; [2002] NSWCA 104 ........ CPA 64.20, DCA 127.60, SCA 101.120, SCR 51.0.120 Ivanhoe Gold Corp Ltd v Symonds (1906) 4 CLR 642 .................................................. r 36.16.200, r 36.17.60, DCA 81.20 Ivanovski v Perdacher [2009] NSWSC 913 ................................................................................................................. r 7.10.40 Ivkovic v Australian Iron & Steel Ltd (1963) 63 SR (NSW) 598; 80 WN (NSW) 999 ...................................... DCA 126.20

J J v L & A Services Pty Ltd (No 2) [1995] 2 Qd R 10 ................................................................................................ r 4.2.100 J v Lieschke (1987) 162 CLR 447; 61 ALJR 143 ................................................................................................... r 36.16.220 J-Corp Pty Ltd v Australian Builders Labourers Federated Union of Workers (WA Branch) (No 2) (1992) 38 FCR 458; 46 IR 242 ............................................................................................................................... r 29.9.80 J-Corp Pty Ltd v Australian Builders Labourers Federated Union of Workers (WA Branch) (No 2) (1993) 46 IR 301 ..................................................................................................................................................... r 42.5.40 J & E Hall Ltd v Barclay [1937] 3 All ER 620 ........................................................................................................ CPA 93.60 J & E Holdings Pty Ltd, Re (1995) 36 NSWLR 541; 125 FLR 467 ...................................................................... SCA 45.40 J (No 2), Re [2011] NSWSC 1224 ............................................................................................................................... r Pt57.40 J Aron Corp v Newmont Yandal Operations Pty Ltd [2004] NSWSC 996 .............................................................. r 33.11.40 J Aron Corp v Newmont Yandel Operations Pty Ltd [2004] NSWSC 996 .............................................................. r 42.27.40 J Robertson & Co Ltd (in liq) v Ferguson Transformers Pty Ltd (1970) 44 ALJR 441; [1971] ALR 377 ................................................................................................................................................................... r 6.23.40 J T Stratford and Son Ltd v Lindley (No 2) [1969] 3 All ER 1122 ........................................................................... r 42.7.60 JBK Engineering Pty Ltd v Brick & Block Pty Ltd [2007] NSWSC 163 ............................................................... r 18.1.160 JJES Pty Ltd v Sayan (No 2) [2014] NSWSC 975 ................................................................................................... CPA 98.60 JJK v APK [1986] Aust Torts Reports 80-042 ............................................................................................................. r Pt57.20

[All references are to paragraph numbers.] lvi

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

JKB Holdings Pty Ltd v de la Vega [2013] NSWSC 501 ............. r 41.3.30, r 41.3.120, r 41.11.40, r 55.11.20, r Pt41.70, r Pt41.80 JMK v RDC [2013] NSWSC 1362 ........................................................................................................... r 57.3.30, r Pt57.120 JMK v RDC and PTO v WDO [2013] NSWSC 1362 .............................................................................................. r 26.1.130 JN Taylor Holdings Ltd (In Liq) v Bond (1993) 59 SASR 432 ................................................................................. r 6.19.40 JP Morgan Trust Australia Ltd v Kapetanovic [2007] NSWSC 1423 ....................................................................... r 42.27.40 JPT v DST [2014] NSWSC 1735 ............................................................................................................................... r Pt57.180 JRP Plastics Ltd v Gordon Rossall Plastics Ltd (Hexa Pen Co Ltd, Claimants) [1950] WN 77; [1950] 1 All ER 241 ................................................................................................................................................ r 43.8.40 JSBG Developments Pty Ltd v Kozlowski (2009) 75 NSWLR 745; [2009] NSWSC 1128 ....................................... r 7.1.70 JSC, Re [2013] NSWSC 440 ..................................................................................................................................... r Pt56A.20 JWH Turner & Co Ltd v O’Riordan (1923) 40 WN (NSW) 64 ............................................................................. r 42.21.400 Jabulani Pty Ltd v Walkabout II Pty Ltd [2016] NSWCA 267 .......................................................... r 20.24.120, r 20.24.180 Jackamarra v Krakouer (1998) 195 CLR 516; [1998] HCA 27 .................................................................................. r 1.12.60 Jackamarra (an infant) v Krakouer (1998) 195 CLR 516; 72 ALJR 819; [1998] HCA 27 .................................... CPA 59.20 Jackson v Sterling Industries Ltd (1987) 162 CLR 612; 61 ALJR 332; 71 ALR 457 ....................... r 25.11.20, SCA 66.240 Jackson, Re [2016] NSWSC 419 .................................................................................................................................. r Pt57.20 Jacobs v Claudius Enterprises Pty Ltd [1985] ATPR 40-511 ........................................................................................ r 8.2.60 Jae Kyung Lee v Bob Chae-Sang Cha [2008] NSWCA 13 ........................................................................................ r 7.36.40 Jaksic v Yim [2011] NSWSC 962 .............................................................................................................................. r 50.16.60 James v. Nolmont Pty Ltd [2007] FCA 1604 ........................................................................................................... r 42.21.400 James v Commonwealth Bank of Australia (1992) 37 FCR 445; 109 ALR 334; 8 ACSR 444 ............................. CPA 21.40 James v Cowan (1929) 42 CLR 305; [1928] 3 ALJR 170 ........................................................................................ r 33.12.40 James v Ricknell (1887) 20 QBD 164 ......................................................................................................................... r Pt43.40 James v Royal Bank of Scotland (No 2) [2015] NSWSC 970 ................................................................................. r 42.1.100 James v Surf Road Nominees Pty Ltd (No 2) [2005] NSWCA 296 ......................................................................... r 42.1.120 James Hardie & Co Pty Ltd v Barry (2000) 50 NSWLR 357; [2000] NSWCA 353 ............................... r 44.5.60, r 44.6.60 James Hardie & Co Pty Ltd v Wyong Shire Council (2000) 48 NSWLR 679; [2000] NSWCA 107 ...................... r 42.1.55 James Hardie Industries Pty Ltd v Grigor (1998) 45 NSWLR 20; 16 NSWCCR 434 ........................... r 6.43.100, r 11.7.60 Jameson v Professional Investment Services Pty Ltd (2009) 72 NSWLR 281; [2009] NSWCA 28 .......................... r 7.4.40 Jamieson v The Queen (1993) 177 CLR 574; 67 A Crim R 150 .............................................................................. r 14.23.40 Jarrett v Seymour (1993) 46 FCR 557; 71 A Crim R 245 ..................................................................................... SCA 66.300 Jasarevic v Brennan (unreported decision of his Honour Judge Cooper, 5.9.79) ................................................... DCA 51.20 Jax Franchising Systems Pty Ltd, Re [2012] NSWSC 1115 ....................................................................................... r Pt55.40 Jazabas Pty Ltd v Haddad (2007) 65 ACSR 276; [2007] NSWCA 291 .............................................. r 42.21.60, r 42.21.200 Jazairy v Najjar (1998) 27 MVR 498; [1998] Aust Torts Reports 81-476 ............................................................. r 14.14.120 Jeans v Bruce [2004] NSWSC 758 ............................................................................................................................... r 42.5.40 Jeans v Commonwealth Bank of Australia Ltd (2003) 204 ALR 327; [2003] FCAFC 309 ..................... r 12.6.60, r 17.2.60 Jeans West (Distributors) Pty Ltd v Toivola Pty Ltd (1990) 20 ATR 1858; 90 ATC 4151 ................................... r 31.14.120 Jeffery v Lintipal Pty Ltd [2008] NSWCA 138 ........................................................................................................... r 42.1.70 Jeffery & Katauskas Pty Ltd v SST Consulting Pty Ltd (2009) 239 CLR 75 ................................. CPA 14.40, CPA 14.1000 Jeffrey & Katauskas Pty Ltd v SST Consulting Pty Ltd (2009) 239 CLR 75; [2009] HCA 43 ............................. CPA 98.60 Jelbarts Pty Ltd v McDonald [1919] VLR 478; (1919) 25 ALR 252 ......................................................................... r 42.1.50 Jenkins v Richard Thomas & Baldwins Ltd [1966] 1 WLR 476; [1966] 2 All ER 15 ........................................ SCA 106.20 Jensen v Bank of Queensland Ltd [2011] NSWCA 36 .............................................................................................. r 16.3.140 Jensen v Pearce [2013] DFC 93-431; [2013] NSWCA 247 ................................................................................... CPA 133.40 Jensen v Ray [2011] NSWCA 247 ................................................................................... r 42.1.200, r 51.22.60, DCA 127.80 Jenton Overseas Investment Pte Ltd v Townsing (2008) 21 VR 241; 221 FLR 398; [2008] VSC 470 .......................................................................................................................................................................... r 53.7.220 Jermen v Shell Co of Australia Ltd [2003] NSWSC 1106 ...................................................................................... r 31.23.100 Jess v Scott (1986) 12 FCR 187 ................................................................................................................................... r 7.36.80 Ji v Firth (t/as Firths the Compensation Lawyers) [2013] NSWSC 186 .................................................................. r 42.34.40 Jianshe Southern Pty Ltd v Get Motor Cycles Pty Ltd (No 3) [2007] FCA 1078 ................................................. r 42.21.400 Jireh International Pty Ltd v Western Export Services Inc (No 2) [2011] NSWCA 294 ........................................ CPA 30.30 Jiwira Pty Ltd v Primary Industry Bank of Australia Ltd (Supreme Court of NSW; McLaughlin M; 17/02/95) BC9504254 .......................................................................................................................................... r 7.1.60 Jodast Pty Ltd v A & J Blattner Pty Ltd (1991) 104 ALR 248 ................................................................................ r 42.21.60 Joel, Re [2013] NSWSC 1299 ...................................................................................................................................... r Pt57.20

[All references are to paragraph numbers.] ©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

lvii

Table of Cases

TABLE OF CASES

TABLE OF CASES Johanson v Dixon (1979) 143 CLR 376; 25 ALR 65 .................................................................................................. r 6.39.40 John v Rees [1970] Ch 345; [1969] 2 All ER 274; [1969] 2 WLR 1294; (1969) 113 SJ 487 ................................... r 7.4.80 John Alexander’s Clubs Pty Ltd v White City Tennis Club Ltd (2010) 241 CLR 1; [2010] HCA 19 .............................................................................................................................................................................. r 6.24.40 John Fairfax & Sons Ltd v Australian Telecommunication Commission [1977] 2 NSWLR 400 ........................ SCA 75.260 John Fairfax Group Pty Ltd v Local Court (NSW) (1991) 26 NSWLR 131; 59 A Crim R 68 ..... SCA 65.40, SCR 1.13.20, SCR 54.0.100 John Fairfax Publications Pty Ltd v Attorney-General (NSW) (2000) 158 FLR 81; 181 ALR 694; [2000] NSWCA 198 ........................................................................................................................................ SCR 55.0.120 John Fairfax Publications Pty Ltd v District Court (NSW) (2004) 61 NSWLR 344; [2004] NSWCA 324 ...................................................................................................................................................... DCA 166.80 John Fairfax Publications Pty Ltd v Rivkin (2003) 77 ALJR 1657; [2003] HCA 50 ................. SCA 102.20, SCR 51.0.180 John Fairfax Publications Pty Ltd v Ryde Local Court (2005) 62 NSWLR 512; [2005] NSWCA 101 ............................................................................................................................................................................ r 4.2.100 John Holland Services Pty Ltd v Terranora Group Management Pty Ltd [2004] FCA 679 ........................................ r 5.3.60 John Pfeiffer Pty Ltd v Rogerson (2000) 203 CLR 503; 74 ALJR 1109; [2000] HCA 36 ....................................... r 44.6.60 Johnco Nominees Pty Ltd v Albury-Wodonga (New South Wales) Corp [1977] 1 NSWLR 43 ........................... SCA 75.20 Johnsen v Duks (1962) 80 WN (NSW) 272; [1963] NSWR 730 ........................................................................... r 36.16.260 Johnson v Agnew [1980] AC 367 .............................................................................................................................. SCA 68.20 Johnson v Clancy [2010] NSWSC 1301 .................................................................................................................... r 42.19.40 Johnson v Diprose [1893] 1 QB 512 ....................................................................................................................... CPA 110.25 Johnson v Director-General of Social Welfare (Vic) (1976) 135 CLR 92; 50 ALJR 562; 9 ALR 343 ...................................................................................................................................................................... SCR 69.0.40 Johnson v Johnson (2000) 201 CLR 488; 74 ALJR 1380; 174 ALR 655; 26 Fam LR 627; [2000] HCA 48 .................................................................................................................................................................... r 28.2.60 Johnson v Lake Macquarie City Council (1995) 87 LGERA 22 ............................................................................ r 42.21.140 Johnson v Perez (1988) 166 CLR 351; 63 ALJR 51; 82 ALR 587; [1988] Aust Torts Reports 80-224 ....................................................................................................................................................................... r 30.3.40 Johnson v Pickering [1908] 1 KB 1 ........................................................................................................................ CPA 106.60 Johnson v Tobacco Leaf Marketing Board [1967] VR 427 ...................................................................... r 25.3.80, r 25.3.100 Johnson Corp Ltd, Re (1984) 2 ACLC 625 ................................................................................................................. r 22.3.80 Johnson Tiles Pty Ltd v Esso Australia Pty Ltd (2000) 104 FCR 564; [2000] FCA 1572 ...................................... r 13.4.140 Johnston v Johnston [2004] NSWSC 497 ................................................................................................................. CPA 26.60 Johnston v Johnston (2016) 14 ASTLR 123; [2016] NSWCA 52 ......................................................................... r 42.13A.20 Johnston v Nationwide News Pty Ltd (2005) 62 NSWLR 309; [2005] NSWCA 17 ................... DCA 203.40, SCR 55.0.60 Johnstone v New South Wales [2006] NSWCA 105 ........................................................................ CPA 140.20, CPA 140.60 Jojoenu Investments Pty Ltd v Mosman Municipal Council (No 2) [2015] NSWCA 208 ...................................... r 20.26.40 Jones v Bradley (No 2) [2003] NSWCA 258 ................................................................. r 42.15.50, r 42.15.80, Pt 20.Div4.20 Jones v Brown (1848) 154 ER 519; 2 Ex 329 ....................................................................................................... DCA 196.20 Jones v Dapto Leagues Club Ltd (No 2) [2008] NSWCA 111 .............................................................. r 42.14.40, r 42.15.50 Jones v Dunkel (1959) 101 CLR 298; 32 ALJR 395 ............................................................................................ DCA 126.20 Jones v Jones (2001) 27 Fam LR 632; [2001] FamCA 460 .................................................................................... r 42.21.310 Jones v Skyring (1992) 66 ALJR 810; 109 ALR 303 ............................................................................................... r 4.10.100 Jones v Sutherland Shire Council [1979] 2 NSWLR 206; (1979) 40 LGRA 323 .................................................. SCA 75.60 Jones v Sutton (2004) 61 NSWLR 614; [2004] NSWCA 439 .................................................................................. r 15.30.40 Jonesco v Beard [1930] AC 298 .......................................................................................................... r 53.7.180, DCA 126.20 Joskovitz v Bonnick [1964] VR 654 ........................................................................................................................ CPA 135.35 Juliex Pty Ltd v Shoalhaven City Council [2015] NSWSC 618 ............................................................................... r 17.7.100 Jupiters Ltd v UAERJ Pty Ltd [2013] NSWSC 1469 ................................................................................................. r 17.7.60 Juric-Kacunic v Vaupotic (2013) 18 BPR 35131; [2013] NSWSC 41 ...................................................................... r 31.13.40 Just, Re [1938] St R Qd 93 ......................................................................................................................................... r 42.25.40 Juul v Northey [2010] NSWCA 211 ............................................................................................................. r 9.1.60, r Pt46.20

K K v K [2000] NSWSC 1052 ......................................................................................................................................... r Pt57.40 K, Re [2014] NSWSC 1286 ....................................................................................................................................... r Pt57.100 KBRV Resort Operations Pty Ltd v Chilcott (2001) 51 NSWLR 516; [2001] NSWCA 116 ............................... CPA 140.20

[All references are to paragraph numbers.] lviii

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

KDL Building Pty Ltd v Mount [2006] NSWSC 474 ............................................................................................. r 42.21.410 KF v Royal Alexandra Hospital for Children [2010] NSWSC 891 ............................................................................ r 23.4.40 KP Cable Investments Pty Ltd v Meltglow Pty Ltd (1995) 56 FCR 189; 13 ACLC 437 ................ r 42.21.110, r 42.21.200 Kadic v Thiess Bros Pty Ltd (1967) 67 SR (NSW) 411; 86 WN (Pt 2) (NSW) 270; [1967] 2 NSWR 257 .......................................................................................................................................................... CPA 140.40 Kain v Mobbs (No 2) [2008] NSWSC 599 ................................................................................................................ r 42.15.80 Kaiser v George Laurens (NSW) Pty Ltd [1982] 1 NSWLR 294 .............................................................................. r 22.1.80 Kaisha v Karageorgis [1975] 1 WLR 1093; [1975] 3 All ER 282 ........................................................................ SCA 66.240 Kalifair Pty Ltd v Digi-Tech (Aust) Ltd (2002) 55 NSWLR 737; [2002] NSWCA 383 ......................................... r 51.44.60 Kalifair Pty Ltd v Digi-Tech (Australia) Ltd [2002] NSWCA 383; [2002] 55 NSWLR 737 .................................... r 39.1.45 Kalls Enterprises Pty Ltd (in liq) v Baloglow [2006] NSWSC 1021 ....................................... r 42.1.55, r 42.2.50, r 42.5.30 Kalokerinos v HIA Insurance Services Pty Ltd [2004] NSWCA 312 ....................................................................... r 50.3.160 Kalyk v Whelan (unreported, NSW Sup Ct, Young J, 31 July 1985) ...................................................................... r 36.1A.80 Kardynal v Dodek [1978] VR 414 ............................................................................................................................ r 42.21.110 Karkoulas v Newmans of Kogarah Pty Ltd [2000] NSWCA 305 ........................................................................ DCA 76A.80 Karl Suleman Enterprises Pty Ltd (in liq) v Pham [2010] NSWSC 886 ................................................................ r 42.21.110 Karl Suleman Enterprizes Pty Ltd (in liq) v David [2007] NSWSC 401 ............................................................... CPA Pt6.20 Kassem v Colonial Mutual General Insurance Co Ltd [2001] NSWCA 38 ............................... SCA 101.140, SCR 51.0.140 Katerson Pty Ltd v Thambipillay [2016] NSWSC 1226 ............................................................................................. r Pt25.20 Katsilis v Broken Hill Pty Co Ltd (1977) 52 ALJR 189 ............................................................................................ r Pt15.20 Kay v Archbold [2008] NSWSC 254 ......................................................................................................................... r 42.4.100 Kazacos v Shuangling International Development Pty Ltd [2015] NSWSC 835 ..................................................... r 25.14.20 Kearney v 2HD Broadcasters Pty Ltd t/as 1143 2HD and Radio New FM [2017] NSWSC 751 ........................... r 39.1.100 Kebaro Pty Ltd v Saunders [2003] FCAFC 5 ........................................................................................................... CPA 98.60 Keddy v Foxall [1955] VLR 320; [1955] ALR 835 .................................................................................................... r 42.1.60 Keele v Findley (1990) 21 NSWLR 444 .................................................................................................................... r 53.7.180 Keeley v Brooking (1979) 143 CLR 162; 53 ALJR 526 ...................................................................................... SCR 55.0.80 Keith Bray Pty Ltd v Hamburg-Amerikanische [1970] 3 NSWR 226 ...................................................................... r 42.1.120 Kelen v Vitaman Pty Ltd [2010] NSWSC 328 .............................................................................................................. r 9.4.80 Kelly v Jowett (2009) 76 NSWLR 405; [2009] NSWCA 278 ............................................................................. CPA 99.1000 Kelly v Jowett (2009)76 NSWLR 405; [2009] NSWCA 278 .............................................................. CPA 99.20, CPA 99.40 Kelly v Mawson [1981] 1 NSWLR 184; (1981) 5 ACLR 500 .............................................................. r 17.7.120, r Pt17.150 Kelly v Mosman Municipal Council (2010) 178 LGERA 136; [2010] NSWCA 370 ............................................... r 7.36.40 Kelly v Public Trustee [2007] NSWSC 1485 ............................................................................................................... r 18.1.60 Kemp v Neville (1861) 142 ER 556; 10 CB (NS) 523 ........................................................................................... DCA 13.20 Kendall v Hamilton (1879) 4 App Cas 504 ............................................................................................................... CPA 95.20 Kendell v Carnegie (2006) 68 NSWLR 193; (2006) 68 NSWLR 193 ................................................................... r 36.15.120 Kenneally v Pouras (2007) 250 LSJS 248; [2007] SASC 303 .................................................................................... r 42.5.40 Kennedy v Guthrie (1966) 85 WN (Pt 1) (NSW) 376; [1966] 1 DCR (NSW) 239 ............................................ DCA 156.20 Kennedy v Wallace (2004) 142 FCR 185; 213 ALR 108; [2004] FCAFC 337 ....................................................... r 22.2.120 Kennedy v Wallace (2004) 208 ALR 424; [2004] FCA 332 ..................................................................................... r 21.3.140 Kennedy Miller Television Pty Ltd v Lancken (unreported, NSW Sup Ct, Sperling J, 1 August 1997) ......................................................................................................................................................................... r 6.27.60 Kennett v Charlton [2007] NSWSC 190 .................................................................................................... r Pt41.20, r Pt43.60 Kenney v Commonwealth Bank of Australia (No 2) [2017] WASCA 21 ................................................................ r 20.27.80 Kenoss Pty Ltd v Palerang Council [2013] NSWCA 174 ............................................................................................. r 7.1.60 Kent v Cavanagh (1973) 1 ACTR 43 ......................................................................................................................... r 42.1.300 Keramianakis v Regional Publishers Pty Ltd (2009) 237 CLR 268; 83 ALJR 680; [2009] HCA 18 ................. DCA 127.50 Kerr v Commissioner of Police [1977] 2 NSWLR 721 .................................................................... SCA 69.20, SCR 54.0.40 Kerr v Sheriff (NSW) (1996) 9 BPR 16215 ................................................................................................ r 6.8.60, r 16.4.100 Kerrisk v North Queensland Newspaper Co Ltd [1992] 2 Qd R 398 ......................................................................... r 22.4.40 Kessey v Golledge (1999) 30 MVR 95; [1999] NSWCA 424 .... SCA 101.120, SCA 106.40, SCR 51.0.120, SCR 51.0.200 Ketteman v Hansel Properties Ltd [1987] AC 189 ..................................................................................... r 6.28.40, r 31.4.60 Keystone Knitting Mills’ Trademark, Re [1929] 1 Ch 92 ........................................................................ r 14.17.40, r 36.4.60 Khatz Capital Ltd v Wilding [2003] NSWSC 173 .................................................................................... r 32.5.80, r 32.5.120 Kimberley Mineral Holdings Ltd (in liq) v McEwan [1980] 1 NSWLR 210; (1980) 4 ACLR 851 ..... r 21.7.40, r 31.1.140, r 33.9.120, r 34.2.60, r Pt21.140 Kimberley Securities Ltd v Byrne [2008] NSWSC 1214 .............................................................................................. r 5.4.40

[All references are to paragraph numbers.] ©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

lix

Table of Cases

TABLE OF CASES

TABLE OF CASES King v Flowers [2014] NSWSC 1266 ........................................................................................................................ r 42.19.40 King & Co’s Trademark, Re [1892] 2 Ch 462 ............................................................................................................ r 18.2.60 King Investment Solutions Pty Ltd v Hussain (2005) 64 NSWLR 441; [2005] NSWSC 1076 ......... r 13.4.260, r 27.1.20, r 27.1.40 King Network Group Pty Ltd v Club of the Clubs Pty Ltd (No 2) [2009] NSWCA 204 .................... r 42.1.100, r 42.15.80 Kings Cross Whisper Pty Ltd v O’Neil [1968] 2 NSWR 289 ...................................................................................... r 8.2.60 Kirby v Sanderson Motors Pty Ltd (2002) 54 NSWLR 135; [2002] NSWCA 44 ................. r 14.7.60, r 14.7.80, r 14.14.40 Kirch Communications Pty Ltd v Gene Engineering Pty Ltd [2002] NSWSC 485 .............................. r 31.18.80, r 31.23.40 Kirk v Commissioner of Australian Federal Police (1988) 19 FCR 530 ................................................................ r 39.51.100 Kirkup v British Rail Engineering Ltd [1983] 1 WLR 1165; [1983] 3 All ER 147 .................................................. r 22.2.60 Kisimul Holdings Pty Ltd v Clear Position Pty Ltd (No 2) (2014) 86 NSWLR 645; [2014] NSWCA 317 ............................................................................................................................................................ r 42.1.57 Kleinwort Benson Ltd v Lincoln City Council [1999] 2 AC 349; [1998] 4 All ER 513; [1998] 3 WLR 1095 .............................................................................................................................................................. r 20.28.40 Klewer v Royal Alexandra Hospital for Children [2010] NSWSC 18 ..................................................................... r 31.36.60 Knaggs v J A Westaway & Sons Pty Ltd (1996) 40 NSWLR 476 ............................................ CPA Pt7.Div2.20, CPA 99.20 Knight v Burgess [1972] ALR 628 ............................................................................................................................. r 20.28.40 Knight v Clifton [1971] Ch 700; [1971] 2 All ER 378; [1971] 2 WLR 564 ............................................................. r 42.1.60 Knight v FP Special Assets Ltd (1992) 174 CLR 178 .............................................................................................. CPA 98.60 Knight v FP Special Assets Ltd (1992) 174 CLR 178 ; 66 ALJR 560; 107 ALR 585; [1992] HCA 28 ............................................................................................................................................................................ r 42.27.40 Knight v FP Special Assets Ltd (1992) 174 CLR 178; 66 ALJR 560; 107 ALR 585; [1992] HCA 28 .............................................................................................................................................................................. r 42.1.40 Knight v Ponsonby [1925] 1 KB 545 ....................................................................................................................... r 42.21.120 Knight’s Will, Re (1884) 26 Ch D 82 ........................................................................................................................ r 42.25.40 Kohari v NSW Trustee & Guardian (No 3) [2017] NSWSC 1431 ............................................................................. r 42.8.40 Kohn v Rinson & Stafford (Brod) Ltd [1948] 1 KB 327; [1947] 2 All ER 839 ................................................... r 42.21.120 Kolavo v Pitsikas [2003] NSWCA 59 .................................................................................................................... DCA 134.80 Konings v Naylor [1964] Qd R 235 ............................................................................................................................. r 22.2.40 Konneh v New South Wales (No 2) [2013] NSWSC 390 .............................................................................. r 7.1.50, r 7.4.80 Kooee Communications Pty Ltd v Primus Telecommunications Pty Ltd (No 2) [2008] NSWCA 85 ................ r 20.26.40, r 42.15.50 Koompahtoo Local Aboriginal Land Council v KLALC Property & Investments Pty Ltd (No 2) [2006] NSWSC 169 ................................................................................................................................................... r 3.8.80 Kosciusko Thredbo Pty Ltd v New South Wales [2002] NSWSC 96 ........................................................................ r 28.2.60 Kostas v HIA Insurance Services Pty Ltd (2010) 241 CLR 390; 270 ALR 228; [2010] HCA 32 ......................... r 50.3.160 Kotulski v Attard [1981] 1 NSWLR 115 ...................................................................................................................... r 7.13.40 Kowalski v Trustee, Mitsubishi Motors Australia Ltd Staff Superannuation Pty Ltd [2003] FCAFC 18 .......................................................................................................................................................................... r 14.14.200 Kraft v Kupferwasser (1991) 23 NSWLR 236 ..................................................................................... r 26.5.40, SCR 48.0.20 Ku-Ring-Gai Municipal Council v Bonnici [2002] NSWCA 313 ............................................................................... r 18.1.60 Ku-Ring-Gai Municipal Council v Suburban Centres Pty Ltd [1971] 2 NSWLR 335; (1971) 25 LGRA 228 .................................................................................................................................... SCA 75.140, SCA 75.240 Kuligowski v Metrobus (2004) 220 CLR 363; 78 ALJR 1031; [2004] HCA 34 .................................... r 53.1.180, r Pt14.20 Kurnell Passenger & Transport Service Pty Ltd v Randwick City Council (2009) 230 FLR 336; [2009] NSWCA 59 .................................................................................................................................................. r 23.1.80 Kurt Keller Pty Ltd v BMW Australia Ltd [1984] 1 NSWLR 353 ....................................................................... SCA 66.120 Kwan v Kang [2003] NSWCA 336 .............................................................................................................................. r 28.2.60 Kyabram Property Investments Pty Ltd v Murray [2005] NSWCA 87 ...................................................................... r 42.5.40

L L & W Developments Pty Ltd v Della (2003) 135 IR 118; [2003] NSWCA 140 ................................................... r 13.4.220 L Shaddock & Assoc Pty Ltd v Parramatta City Council (No 2) (1982) 151 CLR 590; 56 ALJR 875; 43 ALR 473 ................................................................. r 6.12.80, r 36.16.200, r 36.17.60, r 36.17.80, SCR 51.0.260 LJ Hooker Ltd v Dominion Factors Pty Ltd (1962) 63 SR (NSW) 146; 80 WN (NSW) 126; [1963] NSWR 573 ................................................................................................................................................... r 43.2.60

[All references are to paragraph numbers.] lx

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

LMI Australasia Pty Ltd v Baulderstone Hornibrook Pty Ltd (2001) 53 NSWLR 31; [2001] NSWSC 688 ............................................................................................................................................ r 31.4.40, r 35.1.40 LMI Australasia Pty Ltd v Baulderstone Hornibrook Pty Ltd [2003] NSWCA 74 ................................. r 42.5.40, r 42.15.80 LSC and GC, Re [2016] NSWSC 1896 ........................................................................................................................ Pt57.170 La Trobe Capital, Re [2009] NSWSC 1118 ............................................................................................................... r 55.11.20 Lachlan v HP Mercantile Pty Ltd (2015) 89 NSWLR 198; [2015] NSWCA 130 ..................................................... r 1.12.40 Ladd v Marshall [1954] 1 WLR 1489; [1954] 3 All ER 745 ............................................................................. SCA 75A.140 Lagos v Grunwaldt [1910] 1 KB 41 ............................................................................................................................... r 6.3.60 Laguillo v Haden Engineering Pty Ltd [1978] 1 NSWLR 306 ................................................................................... r 42.1.40 Lahoud v Lahoud [2006] NSWSC 126 ........................................................................................................................ r 42.5.40 Lahoud v Lahoud [2011] NSWSC 994 .................................................................................................................... CPA 101.60 Lahoud v Lahoud (No 2) [2012] NSWCA 55 .............................................................................................................. r 30.1.40 Lake Burrendong State Park Trust v Thompson [2011] NSWSC 1554 ...................................................................... r 42.1.52 Lall v 53-55 Hall Street Pty Ltd [1978] 1 NSWLR 310 ......................................................................................... r 42.21.110 Lambidis v Commissioner of Police (1995) 37 NSWLR 320; 12 NSWCCR 225 ................................................. r 14.14.200 Lamerand v Lamerand (No 1) (1960) 80 WN (NSW) 198; [1962] NSWR 246 ........................................................ r 26.3.60 Lan v Kaymet Con Pty Ltd [2017] NSWCA 52 .......................................................................................................... r 25.8.80 Lane v Jurd (No 2) (1995) 40 NSWLR 708 ............................................................................................... r 31.4.60, r Pt31.40 Lane v Registrar of Supreme Court (NSW) (1981) 148 CLR 245; 55 ALJR 529 .................................. r 33.4.140, r 34.2.60 Lane v Wills [1972] 1 All ER 430; [1972] 1 WLR 326 .............................................................................................. r 23.9.20 Lane Cove Council v Davies [2012] NSWSC 727 .................................................................................................... r 20.14.60 Lang v Australian Coastal Shipping Commission [1974] 2 NSWLR 70 .................................................................... r 22.2.40 Lang v Simon (1952) 53 SR (NSW) 508; 70 WN (NSW) 117 ............................................................................ SCR 48.0.20 Langbourne v State Rail Authority [2003] NSWSC 537 ......................................................................................... r 31.23.100 Langdale v Danby [1982] 1 WLR 1123; [1982] 3 All ER 129 ................................................. SCA 75A.120, SCA 75A.140 Laporte Group Australia Ltd v Vatselias (unreported, NSWSC, Young J, 15 November 1991) .............................. r 32.13.60 Latec Finance Pty Ltd v Jury (1960) 77 WN (NSW) 674; [1960] NSWR 321 ......................................................... r 21.3.50 Latham v Hubbard, Re; Estate of Ross [2014] NSWSC 805 ...................................................................................... r 42.2.40 Latham v Hubbard; Estate of Ross [2014] NSWSC 805 ........................................................................................... r 42.25.40 Latimer v Day [2015] NSWSC 11 ........................................................................................................... r 31.10.40, r 31.10.60 Latoudis v Casey (1990) 170 CLR 534; 50 A Crim R 287; 7 ALR 45 [1990] HCA 59 .................... CPA Pt7.Div2.40, CPA Pt7.Div2.1000, CPA 98.30, r 42.1.40, r 42.1.62 Latoudis v Casey (1990) 170 CLR 534; 65 ALJR 151; 50 A Crim R 287; 7 ALR 45 ........................................... r 42.1.300 Laundry Coin-Wash Nominees Pty Ltd v Dunlop Olympic Ltd (1985) ATPR 40-584 .......................................... r 42.21.140 Laurie v Carroll (1958) 98 CLR 310; 32 ALJR 7 .................................................................................. r 10.14.100, r 12.5.40 Lawrance v Hodges [2005] NSWCA 70 ................................................................................................................ SCR 51.0.80 Lawrence Waterhouse Pty Ltd v Port Stephens Council [2008] NSWCA 235 ....................................................... r 42.21.600 Laws v Australian Broadcasting Tribunal (1990) 170 CLR 70; 64 ALJR 412; 93 ALR 435; 5 BR 109 .......................................................................................................................................................................... r Pt17.180 Laws v GWS Machinery Pty Ltd (2007) 209 FLR 53; [2007] NSWSC 316 ...................................... r 31.19.50, r 31.26.100 Lawteal Pty Ltd v Ofo [2005] NSWSC 984 ......................................................................................... r 49.20.80, r 49.20.120 Lawyers for Forests Inc v Minister for Environment, Heritage and the Arts (No 2) [2009] FCA 466 .......................................................................................................................................................................... r 42.1.300 Le Meilleur Pty Ltd v Jin Heung Mutual Savings Bank Co Ltd (2011) 256 FLR 240; 6 BFRA 361; [2011] NSWSC 1115 ....................................................................................................................................... r 17.2.60 Leach v Nominal Defendant (QBE Insurance (Australia) Ltd) (No 2) [2014] NSWCA 391 ........... r 20.26.40, r 42.13.40, r 42.15.45, r 42.15.50 Leading Edge Events Australia Pty Ltd v Kiri Te Kanawa (No 2) [2007] NSWSC 568 .................. CPA Pt6.20, CPA 98.40 Leda Manorstead Pty Ltd v Chief Commissioner of State Revenue (2012) 89 ATR 102; [2012] NSWSC 913 ........................................................................................................................................................... r 21.2.100 Lee v Abbes [2003] NSWCA 24 ................................................................................................................................ r 31.28.80 Lee v Mallam (1910) 10 SR (NSW) 876; 27 WN (NSW) 203 ............................................................ DCA 8.40, DCA 81.20 Lee v Surry Hills Mutual Loan Club [2007] NSWSC 650 ......................................................................................... r 7.4.120 Lee v The Queen (1998) 195 CLR 594; 72 ALJR 1484; 102 A Crim R 289; 157 ALR 394; [1998] HCA 60 .............................................................................................................................................................. r 31.35.1000 Leetham v Leetham [2011] NSWSC 201 ................................................................................................................ CPA 135.20 Legal Services Commissioner v Mullins [2006] LPT 012 ........................................................................................ CPA 27.40 Leghaei v Director-General of Security (No 2) [2006] FCA 114 ............................................................................. r 42.1.300

[All references are to paragraph numbers.] ©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

lxi

Table of Cases

TABLE OF CASES

TABLE OF CASES Lehtonen v Australian Iron & Steel Pty Ltd [1963] NSWR 323 .................................................................................. r 8.2.60 Leicester v Walton [1995] NSWCA 258 ...................................................................................................................... r 7.29.40 Leicester v Walton (unreported, NSW Ct of Appeal, Priestley, Sheller, Cole JJ, 22 November 1995) ......................................................................................................................................................................... r 7.29.40 Leichhardt Municipal Council v Green [2004] NSWCA 341 ............................................... r 42.5.40, r 42.15.50, r 42.15.80 Leighton Contractors Pty Ltd v Hossco Marble & Granite Manufacturing Pty Ltd (unreported, NSWCA, 18 April 1994) ........................................................................................................ SCA 101.120, SCR 51.0.120 Leighton International v Hodges [2012] NSWSC 458 .............................................................................................. r 21.2.100 Leighton’s Conveyance, Re [1937] Ch 149 ............................................................................................................... r 42.25.40 Lemoto v Able Technical Pty Ltd (2005) 63 NSWLR 300; [2005] NSWCA 153 ...... r 4.2.140, r 6.26.40, CPA 99.20, CPA 99.60, CPA 99.1000 Lenark Pty Ltd v TheChairmen1 Pty Ltd (No 2) [2012] NSWSC 415 ...................................................................... r 34.2.60 Lend Lease Developments Pty Ltd v Zemlicka [1985] 3 NSWLR 207 ............................................................... SCA 75A.80 Lennox v Krantz (1978) 19 SASR 272 ................................................................................................................... SCA 66.340 Leroy v Koutavas, Re Koutavas [2017] FCA 381 ....................................................................................................... r 7.10.40 Levy v Bablis [2012] NSWCA 77 .............................................................................................................................. r 18.1.160 Levy v Moylan (1850) 138 ER 78; 10 CB 189 ......................................................................................................... DCA 8.40 Levy v Victoria (1997) 189 CLR 579; 71 ALJR 837; 146 ALR 248 ......................................................................... r 6.27.60 Lewis v Combell Constructions Pty Ltd (1989) 18 NSWLR 528 ............................................................................. r 20.28.60 Lewis v Eliades (No 2) [2004] 1 WLR 692; [2004] 1 All ER 1196 ........................................................................ r 53.1.160 Lewis v Hance (1848) 11 QB 921; 116 ER 718 .................................................................................................... DCA 196.20 Lewis v Kation Pty Ltd [2005] NSWSC 1127 .......................................................................................................... CPA 26.80 Lewis v Kation Pty Ltd [2006] NSWSC 480 .......................................................................................... r 42.1.120, r 42.25.40 Lewis v Lamb [2011] NSWSC 873 ............................................................... CPA 30.10, CPA 31.40, CPA 33.20, CPA 34.20 Lewis v Lamb [2012] FMCA 392 .............................................................................................................................. r 39.51.60 Lewis v Lamb [2012] NSWSC 244 ......................................................................................................................... CPA 124.40 Lewis v Nortex Pty Ltd (In liq) [2004] NSWSC 64 .................................................................................................. r 25.11.20 Lewis v Nortex Pty Ltd (in liq) [2002] NSWSC 1193 ..................................... r 31.8.1000, r 31.9.40, r 31.9.60, r 31.9.1000 Lewis v Nortex Pty Ltd (in liq) [2006] NSWSC 480 .................................................................................................. r 42.1.55 Lewis v Ogden (1984) 153 CLR 682; 58 ALJR 342 ............................................................................................ SCR 55.0.20 Li v State of New South Wales [2013] NSWCA 165 ......................................................................... r 42.21.110, r 42.21.120 Liang, Re [2012] NSWSC 365 ..................................................................................................................................... r 57.3.10 Liberty Grove (Concord) Pty Ltd v Mirvac Projects Pty Ltd [2008] NSWSC 48 ................................................. r 42.21.110 Lidoframe Pty Ltd v New South Wales [2006] NSWSC 1262 ............................................................ CPA 26.20, CPA 26.60 Liff v Peasley [1980] 1 WLR 781; [1980] 1 All ER 623 ......................................................................................... CPA 64.40 Lightning Ridge Mining NL v Jacombe [1978] 1 NSWLR 253 ................................................................................. r 14.7.40 Lill v Merchant Capital (WA) Ltd (1996) 15 WAR 536; 96 ATC 4331 ................................................................. r 31.14.140 Lin v Borrowdale [2011] NSWCA 65 .................................................................................................. r 39.34.60, CPA 117.05 Lincoln Hunt (Aust) Pty Ltd v Willessee (1986) 4 NSWLR 457 .......................................................................... SCA 66.120 Linda, Re [2011] NSWSC 1596 ................................................................................................................................... r Pt57.20 Ling v Commonwealth (1996) 68 FCR 180; 139 ALR 159 .................................................................................... r 14.14.220 Linsley v Petrie [1998] 1 VR 427; (1998) 9 ANZ Insurance Cases 61-349 .......................................................... r 14.14.200 Lipman Pty Ltd v Emergency Services Superannuation Board [2011] NSWCA 163 .............................................. r 51.29.40 Liprini v Liprini [2008] NSWSC 423 ......................................................................................................................... r 40.6.100 Liprini v McIntyre [2017] NSWSC 1753 ............................................................................................. r 42.34.40, CPA 146.20 Liquor National Wholesale Pty Ltd v Redrock Co Pty Ltd [2007] NSWSC 392 ............ r 26.1.60, r 26.1.110, r 26.1.120, r 26.1.160 Liristis v Gadelrabb [2009] NSWSC 441 .................................................................................................... r 21.1.60, r 21.2.80 Lisec Australia Pty Ltd v Lisec Australia [2015] NSWSC 365 .................................................................................. r 25.3.60 Lithgow City Council v Jackson (2011) 244 CLR 352; 85 ALJR 1130; [2011] HCA 36 ....................................... r 31.10.60 Litmus Australia Pty Ltd (in liq) v Canty (2007) 25 ACLC 1141; [2007] NSWSC 670 ....................................... r 42.21.110 Liu v Fairfax Media Publications Pty Ltd [2013] NSWSC 1256 ........................................................................... r 42.21.600 Liu v The Age Company Ltd [2016] NSWCA 115 ................................................................................................... r 18.1.160 Live Board Holdings Ltd v Cody Live Pty Ltd [2017] NSWCA 302 .................................................................... r 42.21.110 Liverpool City Council v Estephan [2009] NSWCA 161 ......................................................................... r 42.5.40, r 42.10.40 Liverpool City Council v Turano (No 2) [2009] NSWCA 176 .............................................................. r 42.1.100, r 42.15.80 Livingspring Pty Ltd v Kliger Partners (2008) 20 VR 377; 66 ACSR 455; 26 ACLC 467; [2008] VSCA 93 .............................................................................................................................................................. r 42.21.110

[All references are to paragraph numbers.] lxii

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

Lllawarra Hotel Co Pty Ltd v Walton Construction Pty Ltd (2013) 84 NSWLR 410; [2013] NSWCA 6 ............................................................................................................................................................ r 20.24.180 Lloyd Steel Co (Aust) Pty Ltd v Jade Shipping SA (1985) 1 NSWLR 212 ........................................................... CPA 65.20 Lohar Corp Pty Ltd v Dibu Pty Ltd (1978) 52 ALJ 643 ....................................................................................... SCA 75.320 Lohar Corp Pty Ltd v Dibu Pty Ltd (unreported, NSWCA, 11 May 1976) .......................................................... SCA 75.320 Lokmeh v Harbour Radio Pty Ltd [2015] NSWDC 172 ........................................................................................... r 42.32.40 Lollis v Loulatzis [2008] VSC 35 ................................................................................................................................. r 42.1.62 Lollis v Loulatzis (No 2) [2008] VSC 35 .................................................................................................................... r 42.1.60 London & County Banking Co v Dover (1879) 11 Ch D 204 .................................................................................... r 27.1.20 London Chatham & Dover Railway Co v South Eastern Railway Co [1893] AC 429 ................................ CPA Pt7.Div3.40 London Welsh Estates Ltd v Phillip [1931] WN 44 .................................................................................................... r 42.1.60 Lonergan v Lewis [2011] NSWSC 1133 .................................................................................................................... r 52.1.220 Long v Specifier Publications Pty Ltd (1998) 44 NSWLR 545 .................................................................................. r 21.3.60 Longhurst v Hunt (2004) 42 MVR 267; [2004] NSWCA 91 ...................................................................................... r 31.4.60 Lonrho Ltd v Shell Petroleum Co Ltd (No 1) [1980] 1 WLR 627 ........................................................ r 21.3.100, r 21.11.40 Loose v Williamson [1978] 1 WLR 639; [1978] 3 All ER 89 ................................................................................. r Pt21.120 Lopresto v Golding (1957) 31 ALJ 851 ............................................................................................ r 31.12.100, r 31.12.1000 Lord Ashburton v Pape [1913] 2 Ch 469 ................................................................................................................ SCA 66.360 Lord’s Estate, Re (1866) LR 2 Eq 605 ........................................................................................................................ r 46.5.20 Lorrimar v Serco Sodexo Defence Services Pty Ltd [2014] NSWCA 371 .............................................................. r 51.22.60 Loucks v Standard Oil Co of New York (1918) 224 NY 99 ..................................................................................... r 53.7.220 Lovick & Son Developments Pty Ltd v Doppstadt Australia Pty Ltd (No 3) [2013] NSWSC 135 ....................... CPA 98.80 Lucantonio v Kleinert [2009] NSWSC 929 ............................................................................................................... r 31.26.70 Lucas v Montgomery (2008) 7 DCLR(NSW) 295; [2008] NSWDC 207 ............................................................... CPA 95.20 Lucas v Yorke (1983) 58 ALJR 28; 50 ALR 228 .................................................................................................... r 42.21.100 Lujans v Yarrabee Coal Co Pty Ltd (2008) 83 ALJR 34; 249 ALR 663; [2008] HCA 51 ............... r 31.10.60, r 31.10.1000 Lukies v Ripley (No 2) (1994) 35 NSWLR 283 .................................................................................... r 21.3.220, r 22.2.200 Lustre Hosiery Ltd v York (1935) 54 CLR 134 ........................................................................................................ r Pt17.150 Lutwyche v Jiweni Pty Ltd (unreported, NSWCA, 30 July 1998) ............................................... SCA 108.40, SCR 51.0.280 Lyell v Kennedy (No 3) (1884) 50 LT 730; (1884) 27 Ch D 1; [1881–1885] All ER Rep 814 .............. r 22.3.40, r 22.4.40 Lyford v Kingsburg Pty Ltd [1998] WASC 151 .......................................................................................................... r 43.7.70 Lyons v Kern Konstructions (Townsville) Pty Ltd (1983) 70 FLR 135; 47 ALR 114 ........................... r 15.4.40, r 15.10.60 Lyster v Camberwell City Council (1989) 69 LGRA 250 ......................................................................................... r 42.1.300

M M v Director General, Department of Family & Community Services [2013] NSWCA 118 ................................... r 7.36.40 M v M [2013] NSWSC 1495 .............................................................................. r 57.11.20, r Pt57.100, r Pt57.140, Pt57.170 M v Mental Health Review Tribunal [2015] NSWSC 1876 ....................................................................................... r 17.3.30 M v Mental Health Review Tribunal (No 2) [2016] NSWSC 572 ........................................................................... r Pt57.160 M, Re [1903] 3 SR (NSW) 552; (1903) 20 WN (NSW) 124 ..................................................................................... r Pt57.20 M & L Watson Pty Limited t/as BBR Designs v Rilsung Pty Ltd [2003] NSWCA 36 ............ SCA 101.100, SCR 51.0.100 MA Productions Pty Ltd v Austarama Television Pty Ltd (1982) 7 ACLR 97; 1 ACLC 404 ............................... r 42.21.110 MAW v Western Sydney Area Health Service (2000) 49 NSWLR 231; [2000] NSWSC 358 ................................. r Pt57.20 MB v Protective Commissioner (2000) 50 NSWLR 24; [2000] NSWSC 717 ......................................................... r 57.11.20 MBP (SA) Pty Ltd v Gogic (1991) 171 CLR 657; 65 ALJR 203; 98 ALR 193 ....................................................... r 36.7.40 MG Charley Pty Ltd v FH Wells Pty Ltd (1962) 80 WN (NSW) 754; [1963] NSWR 22 ..................................... r 39.41.40 MGICA (1992) Pty Ltd v Kenny & Good Pty Ltd (No 2) (1996) 70 FCR 236; 140 ALR 707 .......... r 42.15.50, r 42.15.80 MINMXT Holdings Pty Ltd (In liq), Re [2017] NSWSC 156 .................................................................................... r 26.4.80 MKH v JBH (No 1) [2016] NSWSC 1031 ................................................................................................................ r Pt57.100 MKH v JBH (No 2) [2016] NSWSC 1103 ................................................................................................................ r Pt57.100 ML Ubase Holdings Co Ltd v Trigrem Computer Inc (2007) 69 NSWLR 577; [2007] NSWSC 859 ....................................................................................................................................................................... CPA 117.60 MLW Investments v Tacsum [2006] NSWSC 1256 .................................................................................................... r Pt46.20 MM Constructions (Aust) Pty Ltd v Port Stephens Council (No 2) [2010] NSWSC 242 ................................... CPA 26.100 MNM and EA v EM; Re ENA and the Surrogacy Act 2010 (NSW) [2015] NSWSC 1813 .................................. r Pt56A.20 MPB (SA) Pty Ltd v Gogic (1991) 171 CLR 657 .................................................................................................. CPA 100.40 MPB (SA) Pty Ltd v Gogic (1991) 171 CLR 657; [1991] HCA 3 .................................................................... CPA 100.1000

[All references are to paragraph numbers.] ©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

lxiii

Table of Cases

TABLE OF CASES

TABLE OF CASES MS v ES [1983] 3 NSWLR 199 ................................................................................................................................... r 57.5.10 Mabbett v Watson Wyatt Superannuation Pty Ltd [2008] NSWSC 460 ..................................................................... r 42.5.40 Mabrouk Pty Ltd, Re (unreported, NSWSC, McLelland CJ in Eq, 18 March 1996) .................. SCA 106.40, SCR 51.0.200 MacCarthy v Agard [1933] 2 KB 417 ...................................................................................................................... DCA 81.20 MacDonald v Australian Securities & Investments Commission (2007) 73 NSWLR 612; [2007] NSWCA 304 ....................................................................................................................................... r 14.14.120, r 15.1.60 MacDonald v Martin [2002] NSWCA 178 ................................................................................................................. r 51.14.40 MacDougall v Curlevski (1996) 40 NSWLR 430 ............................................. r 42.1.62, r 42.12.40, CPA 44.20, CPA 46.20 MacIntosh v Lobel (1993) 30 NSWLR 441 ......................................................................................................... SCA 75A.200 Macartney (No 2), Re [1921] 1 Ch 522 ..................................................................................................................... r 53.7.220 Macatangay v New South Wales (No 2) [2009] NSWCA 272 .............................................................. r 12.7.120, r 13.4.260 Macedonian Orthodox Community Church St Petka Inc v Diocesan Bishop of the Macedonian Orthodox Church of Australia and New Zealand (2006) 66 NSWLR 112; [2006] NSWCA 160 ....................... r Pt55.40 Macedonian Orthodox Community Church St Petka Inc v His Eminence Petar The Diocesan Bishop of the Macedonian Orthodox Diocese of Australia and New Zealand (2008) 237 CLR 66; [2008] HCA 42 ................................................................................................................................ r Pt54.20, r Pt55.40 Macedonian Orthodox Community Church St Petka Inc v Metropolitan Petar [2013] NSWCA 223 ..... r 55.4.20, r Pt55.40 Macedonian Orthodox Community Church St Petka Inc, Re [2004] NSWSC 388 ................................................... r Pt55.40 Mack v Elvy (1916) 16 SR (NSW) 313; 33 WN (NSW) 99 .................................................................................. DCA 80.20 Mackinnon v BlueScope Steel (AIS) Pty Ltd (No 2) [2009] NSWCA 229 ............................................................. r 42.15.50 Macklin v Miller [1973] 2 NSWLR 262 .................................................................. SCA 75A.40, SCA 69.40, SCR 54.0.120 Maclaine Watson & Co Private Ltd v Chen [1983] 1 NSWLR 163 ........................................................................... r 11.2.60 Macquarie Bank Ltd v National Mutual Life Assn of Australasia Ltd (1996) 40 NSWLR 543 ...... r 14.14.200, r 14.14.220 Macquarie Developments Pty Ltd v Forrester [2005] NSWSC 674 ........................................................................... r Pt35.40 Macquarie International Health Clinic Pty Ltd v Sydney South West Area Health Service (No 2) [2011] NSWCA 171 .......................................................................................................... r 42.1.62, r 42.1.120, CPA 98.40 Macquarie International Health Clinic Pty Ltd v Sydney South West Area Health Service (No 3) [2010] NSWSC 1139 ............................................................................................................................................... r 42.5.40 Macrae v St Margaret’s Hospital (1999) 19 NSWCCR 1; [1999] NSWCA 381 ....................................................... r 10.5.40 Madalaine Textile Mfg Co Pty Ltd v Merrylands Bus Co Pty Ltd [1969] 2 NSWR 573 ..................................... DCA 76.40 Madden v Kevereski [1983] 1 NSWLR 305 ............................................................................................ r 30.3.40, SCA 68.20 Madden v New South Wales Insurance Ministerial Corp [1999] NSWSC 196 ......................................................... r 42.5.30 Madden v Owners-Strata Plan No 64970 (2013) 17 BPR 32525; [2013] NSWSC 469 .......................................... r 50.3.120 Maddison v Goldrick [1975] 1 NSWLR 557 .......................................................................................................... SCA 75.280 Maestrale v Aspite [2014] NSWCA 182 ................................................................................................................... CPA 98.40 Maestrale v Aspite (No 2) [2014] NSWCA 302 ............................................................... CPA Pt7.Div3.1000, CPA 100.1000 Magafras v Carantinos [2009] NSWSC 1124 .............................................................................................................. r 46.7.20 Magenta Nominees Pty Ltd v Richard Ellis (WA) Pty Ltd (unreported, Fed Ct of Appeal (FC), 29 August 1995) .......................................................................................................................................................... r 42.15.80 Magenta Nominees Pty Ltd v Richard Ellis (WA) Pty Ltd (unreported, Federal Court of Australia, Spender, French and Lee JJ, 29 August 1995) ..................................................................................................... r 42.15.40 Magna Alloys & Research Pty Ltd v Coffey [1981] VR 23 .................................................................................. SCA 66.120 Mahaffy v Mahaffy [2013] NSWSC 245 ........................................................................................... CPA 106.35, CPA 131.20 Mahenthirarasa v State Rail Authority (NSW) (No 2) (2008) 72 NSWLR 273; [2008] NSWCA 201 ............................................................................................................................................................................ r 42.1.57 Mahenthirarasa v State Rail Authority of NSW (No 2) [2008] NSWCA 201; [2008] 72 NSWLR 273 ............................................................................................................................................................................ r 42.1.40 Mahenthirarasa v State Rail Authority of New South Wales (No 2) (2008) 72 NSWLR 273; [2008] NSWCA 201 ................................................................................................................................................ r 42.1.62 Maher v Commonwealth Bank of Australia (No 2) (2004) 211 ALR 656; [2004] FCA 1398 .................................. r 39.1.60 Maher v Network Finance Ltd [1982] 2 NSWLR 503 .............................................................................................. r 42.25.40 Mahommed v Unicomb [2017] NSWCA 65 ........................................................................................................... CPA 144.20 Maile v Rafiq [2005] NSWCA 410 .............................................................................................................................. r 12.6.60 Mailman v Ellison [1993] NSWCA 169 ..................................................................................................................... r 29.10.60 Mainteck Services Pty Ltd v Stein Heurtey SA (2014) 310 ALR 113; [2014] NSWCA 184 .......... r 20.24.100, r 20.24.180 Maitland v Nationwide News Pty Ltd [2004] NSWCA 155 ..................................................................................... r 50.3.140 Maitland Hospital v Fisher (No 2) (1992) 27 NSWLR 721 ............................. r 42.13.40, r 42.15.45, r 42.15.50, r 42.15.80 Makin v Gallagher [1974] 2 NSWLR 559 .......................................................................................... SCA 75.20, SCA 75.300

[All references are to paragraph numbers.] lxiv

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

Makins v Ibotson [1891] 1 Ch 133 ............................................................................................................................... r 26.3.40 Makita (Aust) Pty Ltd v Sprowles (2001) 52 NSWLR 705; 25 NSWCCR 218; [2001] NSWCA 305 ................. r 31.18.120, r 31.18.1000, r 31.23.60, r 31.23.160, r 31.23.1000, r 31.29.80, r 31.29.1000, r 31.30.80, r 31.30.1000, r 31.35.1000, r 31.49.40, r Pt31.Div2.1000 Maksimovic v Walsh [1983] 2 NSWLR 656 ..................................... SCA 65.40, SCA 69.40, SCR 54.0.100, SCR 54.0.120 Maksimovic v Walsh (1984) 58 ALJ 674 ................................................................................................................. SCA 69.40 Malak v Pepsico Australia Pty Ltd [1999] NSWSC 85 ........................................................................ r 16.3.140, r 36.16.240 Maleski v Hampson [2013] NSWSC 1794 ................................................................................................................. r 16.3.110 Malleys Ltd v Horton Investments Ltd (1961) 78 WN (NSW) 1128; [1961] NSWR 1064 ................................. SCA 49.120 Mallik v McGeown [2008] NSWSC 1107 .............................................................................................................. CPA 26.140 Maloney v Kull (unreported, NSWCA, 21 February 2003) ........................................................................................ r 18.3.80 Malouf v Malouf [1999] FCA 710 ................................................................................................................................. r 5.3.60 Malouf v Malouf (2006) 65 NSWLR 449; [2006] NSWCA 83 ................................................................. r 7.1.100, r 7.27.80 Malvina Park Pty Ltd (t/as Firths the Superannuation Lawyers) v Pollard [2015] NSWSC 578 ............................ r 25.11.20 Managed Estates Remuneration Orders, Re [2014] NSWSC 383 ............................................................................... r 57.3.30 Managed Estates Remuneration Orders [2014] NSWSC 383, Re; Re Managed Estates Remuneration Report [2015] NSWSC 1463 ........................................................................................................ r Pt57.200 Managed Estates Remuneration Report, Re [2014] NSWSC 1652 ........................................................................... r Pt57.100 Managed Estates Remuneration Report, Re [2015] NSWSC 1463 ............................................................................. r 57.3.30 Managed Estates Remuneration Report, Re [2016] NSWSC 1416 ........................................................................... r Pt57.200 Mandarin International Developments Pty Ltd v Growthcorp (Australia) Pty Ltd (1998) 143 FLR 408 ............................................................................................................................................................................ r 42.5.40 Manefield v Child Care NSW (No 2) [2011] NSWSC 104 ....................................................................................... r 42.15.40 Manitowoc Crane Group Asia Pte Ltd v Preston Erection Pty Ltd [2004] NSWSC 1141 ......................... r 7.1.60, r 7.1.100 Manly Council v Byrne (No 2) [2004] NSWCA 227 ................................................................................................ r 42.15.80 Mann v Capital Territory Health Commission (1982) 148 CLR 97; 56 ALJR 261; 42 ALR 46; [1982] HCA 10 ........................................................................................................................................................ r 30.3.40 Mann v Carnell (1999) 201 CLR 1; 74 ALJR 378; [1999] HCA 6 ................. r 21.3.140, r 21.3.240, r 22.2.120, r 22.2.220 Manning v Thompson [1976] 2 NSWLR 380 ................................................................................. SCA 69.60, SCR 54.0.140 Mao v AMP Superannuation Ltd [2015] NSWCA 252 .............................................................................. r 7.14.70, r 7.18.40 Maple v David Syme & Co Ltd [1975] 1 NSWLR 97 ............................................................................................. r 13.4.180 Mareva Compania Naviera SA v International Bulkcarriers SA [1980] 1 All ER 213; [1975] 2 Lloyds Rep 509 .............................................................................................................................. SCA 66.240, SC Gen 14 Margan v Director of Public Prosecutions (NSW) [2013] NSWCA 196 .................................................................... r 7.36.40 Marginson v Ian Potter & Co (1976) 136 CLR 161; 50 ALJR 735; 11 ALR 64 ....................................................... r 14.7.60 Maric v The Queen [1981] 2 NSWLR 100; [1981] 4 A Crim R 150 ............................................ SCA 101.80, SCR 51.0.80 Mariconte v Batiste (2000) 48 NSWLR 724; [2000] NSWSC 288 ............................................................................ r 26.1.60 Maritime Services Board (NSW) v Australian Chamber of Shipping [1977] 1 NSWLR 648 ....... SCA 75.140, SCA 75.300 Maritime Services Board (NSW) v Citizens Airport Environment Assn Inc (1992) 83 LGERA 107 ................... r 42.21.110 Markisic v Commonwealth (2007) 69 NSWLR 737; [2007] NSWCA 92 ................................................................. r 31.4.80 Markisic v Commonwealth [2010] NSWSC 24 ........................................................................................................ CPA 58.40 Markisic v Keelty [2005] NSWSC 1124 .................................................................................................................... r 33.12.40 Markisic v United States of America [2006] NSWSC 839 .................................................................. r 31.3.120, r 31.3.1000 Markisic v Vizza [2002] NSWCA 384 ............................................................................................... SCA 69.20, SCR 54.0.20 Marks v GIO Australia Holdings Ltd (No 2) (1996) 66 FCR 128; 137 ALR 579 ..................................................... r 42.5.40 Marks v Government Insurance Office Australia Holdings Ltd (No 2) (1996) 66 FCR 128; 137 ALR 579 ................................................................................................................................................................. r 21.3.220 Markt & Co Ltd v Knight Steamship Co Ltd [1910] 2 KB 1021 ................................................................................. r 7.4.60 Markus v Provincial Insurance Co Ltd (1983) 25 NSWCCR 1 ......................................................... r 31.1.140, r 31.10.1000 Maronis Holdings Ltd v Nippon Credit Australia Ltd (2000) 175 ALR 36; [2000] NSWSC 507 ..... r 11.7.40, r 12.11.40, r 12.11.120 Maronis Holdings Ltd v Nippon Credit Australia Ltd (2000) 18 ACLC 609; [2000] NSWSC 138 ....................... r 33.9.120 Maronis Holdings Ltd v Nippon Credit Australia Ltd [2000] NSWSC 520 ............................................................... r 21.4.40 Marotta v The Queen (1999) 73 ALJR 265; 160 ALR 525; [1999] HCA 4 ............................................................ r 31.28.80 Marshall v DG Sundin & Co Pty Ltd (1989) 16 NSWLR 463 ................................................................................ CPA 65.20 Marshall v Fleming [2012] NSWSC 698 ................................................................................................................. r 14.28.140 Marshall v Fleming [2013] NSWSC 566 .............................................................................................................. r Pt6.Div9.20

[All references are to paragraph numbers.] ©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

lxv

Table of Cases

TABLE OF CASES

TABLE OF CASES Marshall v Fleming [2014] NSWCA 64 ...................... r 6.43.40, r 6.43.60, r 6.44.40, r 20.14.60, r 20.15.80, r 20.15.100, r Pt6.Div9.20 Marshall v Prescott [2012] NSWSC 515 ...................................................................................................................... r 22.1.80 Marshall v Prescott (No 1) [2013] NSWSC 1108 ........................................................................................................ r 31.9.60 Marsham v Silbermann [1913] VLR 187 ..................................................................................................................... r 43.6.80 Marsland v Andjelic (No 2) (1993) 32 NSWLR 649; 18 MVR 379 ........................................................................ r 42.15.50 Martin v Abbott Australasia Pty Ltd [1981] 2 NSWLR 430 ......... r 49.12.60, SCA 75A.100, SCA 75A.120, SCA 75A.140 Martin v Carlisle [2008] NSWSC 1276 ....................................................................................................................... r 42.5.40 Martin v Trustrum (No 2) [2003] TASSC 50 ........................................................................................................ SCR 55.0.20 Maschinenfabrik v South India Shipping Corp Ltd [1980] 2 WLR 905; [1980] 1 All ER 420 .......................... SCR 1.13.20 Maschmann v Wenzel [2007] NSWSC 850 ............................................................................................................... r 53.7.140 Masha Nominees Pty Ltd v Mobil Oil Australia Pty Ltd (No 2) [2006] VSC 56 ..................................................... r 42.5.40 Mason v Telstra Corp Ltd [2006] NSWSC 1334 .................................................................................................... CPA 140.60 Masterman-Lister v Jewell [2003] 1 WLR 1511; [2003] 3 All ER 162 ..................................................................... r 7.14.50 Mathews, Re [1905] 2 Ch 460 ...................................................................................................................................... r 12.1.80 Matter of An Appeal by Luck (2003) 203 ALR 1 ..................................................................................................... r 13.4.260 Matter of An Appeal by Luck (2003) 78 ALJR 177 .................................................................................................. r 12.7.120 Maule v Liporoni (No 2) (2002) 122 LGERA 216; [2002] NSWLEC 140 ............................................................... r 42.5.40 Maurici v Chief Commissioner of State Revenue (2001) 51 NSWLR 673; 47 ATR 346; 114 LGERA 376; [2001] NSWCA 78 ..................................................................................................................... SCA 75A.20 Maxwell v Murphy (1957) 96 CLR 261; 57 SR (NSW) 420; 73 WN (NSW) 310 .............................................. DCR 1.2.40 May v Christodoulou (2011) 80 NSWLR 462; [2011] NSWCA 75 ........................................................................ CPA 98.60 May v Christodoulou [2011] NSWCA 75; 80 NSWLR 462 ......................................................................................... r 7.2.40 May v Perpetual Trustees Queensland [2000] NSWCA 354 ....................................................................................... r 6.30.40 Maylord Equity Management Pty Ltd v Nauer (No 2) [2017] NSWSC 1467 ........................................................ CPA 98.80 Maylord Equity Management Pty Ltd as trustee of the Batterham Retirement Fund v Nauer (No 2) [2017] NSWSC 1467 ....................................................................................................................................... CPA 98.60 Maynes v Casey [2011] NSWCA 156 ........................................................................................................................ r 51.22.60 Mazzei v Industrial Relations Commission (NSW) (2000) 97 IR 457; [2000] NSWCA 104 ............................... r 42.21.310 McAuliffe v Commonwealth [2007] NSWSC 178 ....................................................................................................... r 42.5.40 McBain, Re; Ex parte Australian Catholic Bishops Conference (2002) 209 CLR 372; 76 ALJR 694; 188 ALR 1; [2002] HCA 16 ........................................................................................................................... r 7.23.40 McBeatty v Gorman [1976] 2 NSWLR 560 ............................................................... SCA 75A.40, SCA 65.20, SCR 54.0.80 McBride v Sandland (1918) 25 CLR 369; [1918] HCA 59 ................................................................. r 51.44.80, r 51.44.100 McCabe, Re; Ex parte Palmer (1967) 87 WN (Pt 2) (NSW) 232; 69 SR (NSW) 140 ................... DCA 76.20, DCA 186.40 McCallum v National Australia Bank Ltd [2000] NSWCA 218 ............................................................................. r 31.13.120 McCausland v Surfing Hardware International Holdings Pty Ltd (No 3) [2014] NSWSC 590 .............................. r 42.1.100 McClymont v The Owners-Strata Plan No 12139 (2009) 74 NSWLR 404; [2009] NSWSC 276 ........... r 36.2.40, r 36.3.80 McCormac v Gardner [1937] NZLR 517 ................................................................................................................... r 53.7.100 McCormack v Federal Commissioner of Taxation (1979) 143 CLR 284; 53 ALJR 436 ............ SCA 108.40, SCR 51.0.280 McCormack v National Australia Bank Ltd (1992) 35 FCR 303 ............................................................................... r 38.5.80 McCrohon v Harith [2010] NSWCA 67 ....................................................................... r 51.23.40, r Pt 51 Div 5 Subdiv 4.20 McCusker v Rutter (2010) 7 ASTLR 137; [2010] NSWCA 318 ............................................................. r 42.1.60, r 42.1.200 McD v McD [1983] 3 NSWLR 81 ............................................................................................................. r 57.5.10, r Pt57.60 McDermott v McDermott [2014] FamCA 615 ............................................................................................................. r 26.1.60 McDonald v McDonald (1965) 113 CLR 529; 39 ALJR 179 .......................................................... r 53.7.180, SCA 75A.180 McDonald v Price [2011] NSWSC 70 ........................................................................................................................................ McDonnell & East Ltd v McGregor (1936) 56 CLR 50; [1936] ALR 324 ................................................................. r Pt9.60 McDonough v The Owners Strata Plan No 57504 [2014] NSWSC 1708 ............................................................. CPA 144.40 McDowell v Fox [2003] NSWSC 324 ..................................................................................................................... r 49.20.100 McEvoy, Ex parte (1868) 8 SCR (NSW) 16 ............................................................................................................ DCA 48.60 McGarrigle v Public Service Board [1979] 1 NSWLR 292 .................. SCA 75.20, SCA 75.100, SCA 75.140, SCA 75.240 McGee v Yeomans [1977] 1 NSWLR 273 ............................................................................................... r 6.28.40, CPA 65.20 McGilvray, Re; Ex parte Foreign Commerce Bank Inc (1986) 66 ALR 181 ............................................................. r 53.8.20 McGowan v Nominal Defendant (1961) 62 SR (NSW) 256; 78 WN (NSW) 1016 ............................................ DCA 126.20 McGrath v Mestousis [2017] NSWSC 995 .............................................................................................................. r 20.15.120 McGuirk v University of New South Wales [2009] NSWSC 1424 ........................................................................ r 14.28.120 McGuirk v University of New South Wales [2010] NSWCA 104 ............................................................ r 2.1.40, CPA 61.20

[All references are to paragraph numbers.] lxvi

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

McHarg v Woods Radio Pty Ltd [1948] VLR 496 .................................................................................................... r 53.7.180 McHenry v Lewis (1882) 22 Ch D 397 ..................................................................................................................... r 13.4.180 McI v McI (1987) 10 NSWLR 243 .............................................................................................................................. r Pt57.20 McIlraith v Grady [1968] 1 QB 468; [1967] 3 WLR 1331; [1967] 3 All ER 625 ............................................ SCR 55.0.100 McIlraith v Ilkin [2008] NSWCA 11 ........................................................................................................... r 42.1.65, r 42.5.40 McIntosh v Williams [1976] 2 NSWLR 237 .............................................................................. SCA 75A.140, SCA 75A.180 McIntyre v Perkes (1988) 15 NSWLR 417 ...................................................... r 26.3.40, r 26.3.60, r 42.5.40, SCR 55.0.120 McKeith v Royal Bank of Scotland Group PLC v James (No 2) [2016] NSWCA 260 ........................... CPA Pt7.Div3.1000 McKeith v Royal Bank of Scotland Group PLC (No 2) [2016] NSWCA 260 .......................... CPA 100.140, CPA 100.1000 McKensey v Hewitt (2004) 61 NSWLR 54; [2004] NSWSC 636 ................................. r 31.13.40, r 31.13.120, r 31.14.160 McKenzie v Red Hill Station Pty Ltd (unreported, NSW Sup Ct, Master Allen, 12 March 1982) ................... SCR 1A.2.40 McKeown v Cavalier Yachts Pty Ltd (1988) 13 NSWLR 303 ................................................................................ CPA 93.40 McKewins Hairdressing & Beauty Supplies Pty Ltd (in liq) v Deputy Commissioner of Taxation (2000) 74 ALJR 1000; 171 ALR 335; [2000] HCA 27 ......................................................................................... r 42.5.40 McLean v Burns Philp Trustee Co Pty Ltd (195) 9 ACLR 926; [1985] 2 NSWLR 623 .......................................... r 54.6.20 McLean v Burns Philp Trustee Co Pty Ltd (1985) 9 ACLR 926; [1985] 2 NSWLR 623 .......... r 1.4.40, r 54.7.20, r Pt5.20 McLean v Commonwealth (unreported, NSW Sup Ct, Sperling J, 22 August 1996) .............................................. r 42.15.40 McLean v McKinlay [2004] WASC 2 ....................................................................................................... r 26.1.60, r 26.1.130 McLean Tecnic Pty Ltd v Digi-Tech (Australia) Ltd (2002) 55 NSWLR 737; [2002] NSWCA 383 ................... r 51.44.100 McLeary v Swift [2013] NSWSC 1674 .................................................................................................. r 39.44.45, r 39.49.60 McLeary v Swift [2014] NSWSC 1414 ................................................................................................................... CPA 135.30 McLellan v Bowyer (1961) 106 CLR 95; 35 ALJR 157 ....................................................................................... DCA 126.20 McLennan v Sukh [2011] NSWSC 26 ....................................................................................................................... r 50.3.260 McLeod v Butterwick [1996] 1 WLR 995; [1996] 3 All ER 236 ............................................................................... r 43.3.40 [1998] 1 WLR 1603 ...................................................................................................................................................... r 43.3.40 McM v C (No 2) [1980] 1 NSWLR 27 .......................................................................................... SCR 69.0.40, SCR 69.0.60 McMahon v John Fairfax Publications Pty Ltd (No 7) (2013) 277 FLR 418; [2013] NSWSC 933 ...................... r 15.32.40 McMahon v Permanent Custodians Ltd [2013] NSWCA 201 .................................................................................... r Pt25.20 McManus v Clouter [1980] 1 NSWLR 1; (1980) 5 Fam LR 650 ...................................................................... SCR 54.0.200 McMurtrie v Commonwealth [2006] NSWCA 148 ..................................................................................................... r 7.36.40 McNamara v Bao San [2010] NSWSC 809 ............................................................................................................... r 42.20.40 McNamara v Nagel [2017] NSWSC 91 ....................................................................................................................... r 31.5.60 McPherson v Australasian Iron & Steel Pty Ltd (unreported, NSW Sup Ct, Grove J, 22 October 1985) ................................................................................................................................................................ SCA 75A.140 McPherson v Lawless [1960] VR 363 .......................................................................................................................... r 1.12.40 McPherson, Re [1929] VLR 295 .................................................................................................................................. r Pt43.60 McQuarrie v Jaques (1954) 92 CLR 262; [1954] HCA 76 .................................................................................... CPA 106.80 McWhirter v Independent Broadcasting Authority [1973] QB 629 ...................................................... r 7.23.40, SCA 75.160 Meacham v Cooper (1873) LR 16 Eq 102 ................................................................................................................... r 46.5.20 Mead v Allianz Australia Insurance Ltd [2007] NSWSC 500 .................................................................................. CPA 28.40 Mead v Watson (2005) 23 ACLC 718; [2005] NSWCA 133 ...................................................................................... r 42.5.40 Medical Defence Union Ltd (NSW) v Crawford (1993) 31 NSWLR 469; 11 ACSR 406 ........................................ r 42.5.40 Medical Defence Union Ltd (NSW) v Crawford (No 2) (1994) 8 ANZ Insurance Cases 61-226 ...................... SCA 75A.80 Medulla v Abdel Hameed [2003] NSWSC 747 ........................................................................................................ CPA 28.40 Meehan v Glazier Holdings Pty Ltd (2002) 54 NSWLR 146; [2002] NSWCA 22 ............................ r 20.27.80, r 36.16.100 Mega-top Cargo Pty Ltd v Moneytech Services Pty Ltd [2016] NSWCA 3 ............................................................ r 42.15.50 Megna v Marshall [2005] NSWSC 1326 ..................................................................................................................... r 42.7.80 Melouhowee Pty Ltd v Steenbohm (unreported, NSW Sup Ct, Waddell J, 6 February 1992) .................................. r 42.5.40 Melville v Craig Nowlan & Assocs Pty Ltd (2002) 54 NSWLR 82; 119 LGERA 186; [2002] NSWCA 32 ............................................................................................................................................................ r 42.21.60 Melwood Units Pty Ltd v Commissioner of Main Roads [1979] AC 426; (1978) 52 ALJR 593 ............................. r 6.36.60 Mempoll Pty Ltd, Re [2012] NSWSC 1057 ................................................................................................................ r 34.2.40 Menon, Re [2014] NSWSC 1888 ................................................................................................................................. r Pt55.40 Menulog Pty Ltd v TCN Channel Nine Pty Ltd [2012] NSWSC 440 ...................................................................... r 18.1.160 Meridien BIAO Bank GmbH v Bank of New York [1997] 1 Lloyd’s Rep 437 ........................................................ r 43.2.60 Merrag Pty Ltd v Khoury [2008] NSWSC 1286 ..................................................................................................... r 42.21.200 Merribee Pastoral Industries Pty Ltd v ANZ Banking Group Ltd (1998) 193 CLR 502; 72 ALJR 1055; 155 ALR 1; 28 ACSR 103; 16 ACLC 1302; [1998] HCA 41 ........................................... r 42.21.100, r 42.21.110

[All references are to paragraph numbers.] ©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

lxvii

Table of Cases

TABLE OF CASES

TABLE OF CASES Mersey Docks and Harbour Board, Ex parte [1899] 1 QB 546 .................................................................................. r 43.2.60 Messiter v Hutchinson (1987) 10 NSWLR 525; 4 ANZ Insurance Cases 60-802 ................................................... r 42.15.80 Metal Storm Ltd, Re (2014) 100 ACSR 637; [2014] NSWSC 813 ............................................................................ r 26.1.80 Metlife Insurance Ltd v Visy Board Pty Ltd [2008] NSWSC 111 ............................................................. r 42.1.65, r 42.7.60 Metro Hotel Sydney Pty Ltd v Kol Tov Pty Ltd [2010] NSWSC 1195 ................................................................... r 42.20.40 Metropolitan Petar v Mitreski [2001] NSWSC 976 ..................................................................................................... r 7.23.40 Metropolitan Petar v Mitreski [2006] NSWSC 336 ................................................................................................... r 42.25.40 Metropolitan Petar v Mitreski [2006] NSWSC 626 ................................................................................................... r 42.1.120 Metropolitan Petar v Mitreski [2010] NSWSC 1186 ................................................................................................... r 34.2.40 Metropolitan Railway Co v Wright (1886) 11 App Cas 152 ................................................................................. DCA 126.20 Metropolitan Theatres Ltd v Harris (1935) 35 SR (NSW) 228; 52 WN (NSW) 68 .................................................. r 14.9.60 Metsikas v Quirk [2010] NSWSC 756 ......................................................................................................................... r 42.1.62 Meyer v Meyer [1978] 2 NSWLR 36; (1978) 35 FLR 192 .................................................................................. SCR 69.0.40 Meyer, Re [1971] P 298 .............................................................................................................................................. r 53.7.220 Micallef v ICI Australia Operations Pty Ltd [2001] NSWCA 274 ...................... DCA 127.60, SCA 101.120, SCR 51.0.120 Micar Group Pty Ltd v Insul-Trade LLC (2010) 244 FLR 403; [2010] NSWSC 1391 ............................................ r Pt35.20 Michael Edgley International Pty Ltd v Ashton’s Nominess Pty Ltd (1979) 38 FLR 135; 26 ALR 419 ....................................................................................................................................................................... SCA 66.120 Michael Wilson and Partners Ltd v Nicholls [2009] NSWSC 669 ............................................................................. r 42.5.40 Michelin Australia Pty Ltd v NTI Ltd [2010] NSWCA 223 ..................................................................................... r 42.15.50 Mid-City Skin Cancer & Laser Centre Pty Ltd v Zahedi-Anarak [2006] NSWSC 1149 .......................................... r 42.1.62 Midas Management Pty Ltd v Equator Communications Pty Ltd [2007] NSWSC 759 ............................................ r Pt41.20 Middleton v Erwin (No 2) [2009] NSWSC 200 ........................................................................................................ r 42.1.100 Middleton v O’Neill (1943) 43 SR (NSW) 178; 60 WN (NSW) 101 ..................................................................... CPA 64.40 Mifsud v Campbell (1991) 21 NSWLR 725; 13 MVR 243 ................................................................................ DCA 127.100 Mike Gaffikin Marine Pty Ltd v Princes Street Marina Pty Ltd (unreported, NSW Sup Ct, Young J, 15 July 1996) ..................................................................................................................................................... r 42.1.100 Miliangos v George Frank (Textiles) Ltd (1976) AC 443 ........................................................................................... r 30.3.40 Milich v The Council of the City of Canterbury (No 3) [2012] NSWSC 1280 ....................................................... r 42.34.40 Milillo v Konnecke (2009) 2 ASTLR 235; [2009] NSWCA 109 .......................................................... r 42.1.100, r 42.1.200 Miller v Cameron (1936) 54 CLR 572; 10 ALJR 35; [1936] ALR 301; HCA 13 ................................ r 42.1.200, r 42.25.40 Miller v Miller (1978) 141 CLR 269; 53 ALJR 59; 22 ALR 119; 4 Fam LR 474; [1978] FLC 90-506; [1978] HCA 44 ........................................................................................................................................... r 42.1.70 Miller v University of New South Wales (2003) 132 FCR 147; [2003] FCAFC 180 ........................................... r 14.14.200 Mills v Futhem Pty Ltd (2011) 81 NSWLR 538; [2011] NSWCA 252 ................................................................ CPA 133.40 Millstream Pty Ltd v Schultz [1980] 1 NSWLR 547 ............................................................................................... SCA 68.20 Milltec Australia Pty Ltd v Burnes [2006] NSWCA 13 ....................................................................................... SCA 101.140 Milosevic v Government Insurance Office (NSW) (1993) 31 NSWLR 323 .............................................................. r 42.5.40 Minchin v Adamson (1975) 10 SASR 119 ............................................................................................................... r 14.28.220 MindShare Communications Ltd v Orleans Investments Pty Ltd [2007] NSWSC 637 ............................................. r 12.6.80 Minero Pty Ltd v Redero Pty Ltd (unreported, NSWSC, Santow J, 29 July 1998) ......................... r 14.14.200, r 14.14.220 Minister for Immigration & Ethnic Affairs, Re; Ex parte Lai Qin (1997) 186 CLR 622; 71 ALJR 533 ......................................................................................................................................................................... CPA 28.80 Minister for Immigration & Ethnic Affairs, Re; Ex parte Lai Qin (1997) 186 CLR 622; 71 ALJR 533; 143 ALR 1; [1997] HCA 6 .......................................................................................................... r 42.1.52, r 42.19.40 Minnesota Mining & Manufacturing Co v Beiersdorf (Aust) Ltd (1980) 144 CLR 253; 54 ALJR 254 .......................................................................................................................................................................... r 31.49.40 Mirror Group Newspapers Plc v Maxwell & Ors (No 2) [1998] 1 BCLC 638 ......................................................... r 26.5.20 Mirror Newspapers Ltd v Waller (1985) 1 NSWLR 1 .................................................................... SCA 65.40, SCR 54.0.100 Mitchell v Harris Engineering Co Ltd [1967] 2 QB 703 ...................................................................................... DCA 161.60 Mitchelson v Mitchelson (1979) 37 FLR 289; [1979] FCA 25 ................................................................................. r 51.23.40 Mitry v Business Australia Capital Finance Pty Ltd (in liq) [2010] NSWCA 360 ............................................... CPA 65.400 Miwa Pty Ltd v Siantan Properties Pty Ltd (No 2) [2011] NSWCA 344 ................................................................ r 42.15.50 Moage Ltd (in liq), Re (1997) 77 FCR 81; 25 ACSR 53; 15 ACLC 1034 ................................................................ r Pt34.20 Moage Ltd (in liq), Re; Sheahan v Pitterino (1998) 82 FCR 10; 26 ACSR 726 ..................................................... r 21.3.140 Mohamed v Farah [2004] NSWSC 482 ..................................................................................................................... r 20.28.60 Mok v Crime Commission (NSW) [2002] NSWCA 53 ......................................................................... r 21.3.180, r 22.2.160 Moller v Roy (1975) 132 CLR 622; 49 ALJR 311 .............................................................................................. SCA 101.160

[All references are to paragraph numbers.] lxviii

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

Moller v Roy (1995) 132 CLR 622; [1975] HCA 31 ................................................................................... CPA Pt 7.Div1.20 Mona, Re [1894] P 265 ............................................................................................................................................... r 14.25.40 Monaghan v Monaghan [2016] NSWSC 1316 ............................................................................................................ r Pt55.40 Mondial Trading Pty Ltd v Interocean Marine Transport Inc (1985) 60 ALJR 277; 65 ALR 155 ........................... r 10.6.40 Monie v Commonwealth (No 2) [2008] NSWCA 15 .......................................................... r 42.1.120, r 42.15.70, r 42.15.80 Monier Inc, Re (2009) 76 NSWLR 158; [2009] NSWSC 986 ................................................................................. r 52.1.140 Monk v Bartram (1891) 1 QB 346 ............................................................................................................................. r 51.44.80 Monkton v Stephenson [2011] NSWSC 67 .................................................................................................................. r 16.7.45 Monroe Schneider Assocs (Inc) v No 1 Raberem Pty Ltd (No 2) (1992) 37 FCR 234 ..................... r 14.14.120, r 53.7.180 Monte v Mirror Newspapers Ltd [1979] 2 NSWLR 663 ............................................................................................ r 14.6.40 Moon v Mun [2012] NSWSC 973 ................................................................................................................................ r 16.6.40 Moon v Mun [2013] NSWCA 217 ............................................................................................................ r 16.6.40, r 17.7.100 Moore v Gannon (1915) 32 WN (NSW) 60 ................................................................................................................ r 18.1.40 Moore (No 2), Re (1902) 19 WN (NSW) 277 ......................................................................... r 57.3.40, r 57.8.20, r 57.11.20 Moraitis Fresh Packaging New South Wales Pty Ltd v Fresh Express Australia Pty Ltd [2010] NSWSC 704 ............................................................................................................................................................. r 25.8.80 Moran v McMahon [1985] 3 NSWLR 700 ............................................................................................................ SCA 75A.80 Morawski v State Rail Authority (NSW) (1988) 14 NSWLR 374 ......................... SCA 106.20, SCA 106.40, SCR 51.0.200 Morf-Zinggeler v Morf [1999] WASC 96 .................................................................................................................... r 53.1.20 Morgan v Johnson (1998) 44 NSWLR 578 ....................................................... r 20.8.40, r 42.15.50, CPA 38.20, CPA 46.20 Morgan v Johnson [1998] NSWSC 367; (1998) 44 NSWLR 578 ............................................................................ r 42.15.45 Morgan v Odhams Press [1971] 1 WLR 1239; [1971] 2 All ER 1156 .................................................................... r 15.19.40 Morkaya v Parkinson [2008] NSWSC 1050 .............................................................................................................. r 26.1.110 Morris v Hanley [2000] NSWSC 957 ..................................................................................................... r 42.21.60, r 42.21.90 Morris v Hanley [2001] NSWCA 374 ................................................................................................. r 42.21.100, r 42.21.110 Morrison, Re; Ex parte Clark (1968) 88 WN (Pt 2) (NSW) 22; 69 SR (NSW) 339 ............................................. DCA 76.20 Morrow v Chinadotcom Corp [2001] ANZ ConvR 341; [2001] NSWSC 209 .................................... CPA 26.40, CPA 26.60 Mortimer v Nationwide News Pty Ltd [2001] NSWSC 450 ................................................................................... r 14.14.220 Morton v Nylex Ltd [2007] NSWSC 562 ...................................................................................................................... r 5.3.60 Motakov Ltd v Commercial Hardware Suppliers Pty Ltd (1952) 70 WN (NSW) 64 ............................................ r 42.21.300 Moussa v Moussa [2006] NSWSC 509 ...................................................................................................................... r 42.1.200 Moy v Warringah Council (2004) 142 A Crim R 577; 133 LGERA 49; [2004] NSWCCA 77 ............................ r 14.14.200 Moy Shing, Ex parte (1904) 4 SR (NSW) 480; 21 WN (NSW) 189 ....................................................................... DCA 8.80 Mt Gambier Co-op Milling Society Ltd v Williams [1921] SASR 185 ................................................................... r 42.1.100 Muhibbah Engineering (M) BHD v Trust Co Ltd [2009] NSWCA 205 ..................................................................... r 42.1.52 Muilwyk v Victims Compensation Fund [2005] NSWSC 153 .................................................................................. r 50.23.40 Mulholland v Mitchell [1971] AC 666 .................................................................................................................... SCA 106.20 Mulley v Manifold (1959) 103 CLR 341; 33 ALJR 168 ............................................................................ r 22.1.80, r 22.4.40 Mulric Pty Ltd v SD Myers Pty Ltd [2001] NSWSC 121 ........................................................................................ r 16.3.120 Multicon Engineering Pty Ltd v Federal Airports Corp (1996) 138 ALR 425 ...................................... r 42.15.50, r 42.15.80 Multicon Engineering Pty Ltd v Federal Airports Corp (1997) 47 NSWLR 631 ........................ SCA 106.40, SCR 51.0.200 Mundine v Brown (No 7) [2011] NSWSC 170 ...................................................................................................... CPA 30.100 Murakami v Wiryadi (2010) 268 ALR 377; [2010] NSWCA 7 ............................................................... r 6.43.80, r 6.43.100 Murietta v South American & Co (Ltd) (1893) 62 LJ QB 396 ................................................................................ r 43.2.100 Muriniti v Lyons [2004] NSWSC 135 ........................................................................................................................ r 50.3.140 Murphy v Abi-Saab (1995) 37 NSWLR 280 ...................................................................................... r 14.14.200, r 14.14.220 Murphy v Doman (2003) 58 NSWLR 51; [2003] NSWSC 249 ................................................................ r 7.13.40, r 7.14.60 Murray v Commissioner of Police (2004) 2 DDCR 31; [2004] NSWCA 365 .................................... r 31.8.80, SCA 75A.20 Murray v Kirkpatrick (1940) 57 WN (NSW) 162 ....................................................................................................... r 7.14.65 Murray v Wheeler [2013] NSWSC 137 ......................................................................................................................... r 5.3.60 Murray v Williams [2010] NSWSC 1243 .................................................................................................................... r 7.14.50 Murray, Re; Ex parte Hillman (1961) 78 WN (NSW) 726; [1961] NSWR 573 ................................................... CPA 140.40 Murtagh v Barry (1890) 24 QBD 632 .................................................................................................................... DCA 126.20 Mutual Life & Citizens’ Assurance Co Ltd v Balfours Pty Ltd (1979) 23 SASR 82 .......................................... SCA 66.120 My Distributors Pty Ltd v Omaq Pty Ltd (1992) 36 FCR 578 ................................................................................... r 17.7.80 MyPet Brands Pty Ltd v Beonic Technologies Pty Ltd [2016] NSWSC 1628 .......................................................... r 21.9.40 Myers v Elman [1940] AC 282; [1939] 4 All ER 484 ............................................................................................. CPA 99.20

[All references are to paragraph numbers.] ©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

lxix

Table of Cases

TABLE OF CASES

TABLE OF CASES

N N v N (1980) 16 NSWLR 525 ..................................................................................................................................... r Pt57.20 NAB Ltd v Thirup [2011] NSWSC 911 ...................................................................................................... r 13.1.90, r 16.4.40 NAK Australia Pty Ltd v Starkey Consulting Pty Ltd [2008] NSWSC 1136 ............................................................ r 34.2.60 NCR Australia Pty Ltd v The Credit Connection Pty Ltd [2005] NSWSC 1118 ....................................................... r 40.7.50 NM Rural Enterprises Pty Ltd v Rimanui Farms Ltd [2010] NSWSC 969 ............................................................... r 12.6.60 NM Rural Enterprises Pty Ltd v Rimanui Farms Ltd [2011] NSWSC 1561 ............................................................... r 2.3.40 NMFM Property Pty Limited v Citibank Limited (No 11) (2001) 109 FCR 77; [2001] FCA 480 .......................... r 42.5.40 NRMA Insurance Ltd v B & B Shipping & Marine Co Pty Ltd (1947) 47 SR (NSW) 273; 64 WN (NSW) 58 ......................................................................................................................................................... r 42.1.70 NRMA Insurance Ltd v Flanagan [1982] 1 NSWLR 585 .................................................... r 45.6.40, r 45.6.80, SCA 49.120 NRP v NSW Trustee [2015] NSWSC 250 ................................................................................................................... r 55.9.20 NSW v Spearpoint [2009] NSWCA 233 .................................................................................................................... r 13.4.140 NSW Medical Defence Union Ltd v Crawford (1993) 31 NSWLR 469; 11 ACSR 406; 11 ACLC 1114; 7 ANZ Insurance Cases 61-192 .................................................................................................................... r 42.5.40 NSW Trustee & Guardian, Re [2014] NSWSC 423 ................................................................................... r 55.2.20, r Pt55.40 NSW Trustee & Guardian (Estate of Peter Ursu) [2013] NSWSC 903 ...................................................................... r 54.3.20 NSW Trustee & Guardian (Estate of the late Petter Czmil), Re [2013] NSWSC 1683 ............................................. r 54.3.20 NSW Trustee and Guardian v Philpott [2017] NSWSC 472 ....................................................................................... r 54.3.20 Nadarajapillai v Naderasa (No 2) [2015] NSWCA 209 .................................................................... CPA 99.40, CPA 99.1000 Nader v Ronca [2013] NSWSC 542 ............................................................................................................................. r 25.8.80 Naiman Clarke Pty Ltd v Tuccia [2012] NSWSC 314 .............................................................................................. r 21.2.100 Najdanovic v Brown (unreported, NSWSC, 22 September 1992) ........................................................................... CPA 44.20 Najdovski v Crnojlovic (No 2) (2008) 51 MVR 334 .................................................................. CPA 100.160, CPA 100.1000 Najdovski v Crnojlovic (No 2) (2008) 51 MVR 334; [2008] NSWCA 281 ....................................................... CPA 100.140 Najjar v Haines (1991) 25 NSWLR 224 ............................................................................................. r 20.20.100, r 20.20.120 Nangus Pty Ltd v Charles Donovan Pty Ltd (in liq) [1989] VR 184 ......................................................................... r 7.25.40 Nassif v Fahd [2007] NSWCA 308 .............................................................................................................................. r 42.1.70 Natalie, Re [2012] NSWSC 1109 ................................................................................................................................. r Pt57.20 National Australia Bank v Cavill Proteas Pty Ltd [1999] NSWSC 703 .............................................. r 16.3.140, r 36.16.240 National Australia Bank v Rasu (1999) 47 NSWLR 309; [1999] NSWSC 539 ........................................................ r 17.5.60 National Australia Bank Ltd v Amed [2011] NSWSC 988 ....................................................................................... r 16.3.140 National Australia Bank Ltd v Chen-Conway (2008) 2 BFRA 637; (2008) 2 BFRA 637 ....................... r 42.5.30, r 42.5.40 National Australia Bank Ltd v Convy [2007] NSWSC 1039 ...................................................................................... r Pt41.20 National Australia Bank Ltd v Hokit Pty Ltd (1996) 39 NSWLR 377 ...................................................................... r 6.27.60 National Australia Bank Ltd v Idoport Pty Ltd [2000] NSWCA 8 ............................................................................. r 21.2.60 National Australia Bank Ltd v Juric [2001] VSC 375 ........................................................................................... SCR 55.0.80 National Australia Bank Ltd v Nguyen [2014] NSWSC 1114 .......................................................... CPA 117.50, CPA 124.40 National Australia Bank Ltd v Saunders (1988) 12 NSWLR 623 ......................................................... r 21.3.200, r 22.2.180 National Commercial Bank v Wimborne (unreported, NSW Sup Ct, Young J, 12 March 1992) .......................... r 14.14.220 National Commercial Banking Corp of Australia Ltd v MRM Holdings Pty Ltd (1983) 3 BPR 9339 ......................................................................................................................................................... r 6.8.60, r 16.4.100 National Employers’ Mutual General Assn Ltd v Waind [1978] 1 NSWLR 372 ............... r 1.9.40, r 33.4.100, r 33.4.120, r 34.2.40, r 34.2.60, r Pt33.40 National Employers Mutual General Insurance Assoc Ltd v Manufacturers Mutual Insurance Ltd (1989) 17 NSWLR 223 ........................................................................................................... SCA 101.120, SCR 51.0.120 National Justice Compania Naviera SA v Prudential Assurance Co Ltd (1993) 2 Lloyd’s Rep 68 ........................ r 31.23.60 National Mutual Holdings Pty Ltd v Sentry Corp (1989) 22 FCR 209 ...................................................................... r 6.43.60 National Mutual Pty Ltd v Sentry Corp (1988) 19 FCR 155; 83 ALR 434 ................................................................. r 8.2.60 National Parks & Wildlife Service v Pierson (2002) 55 NSWLR 315; [2002] NSWCA 273 ................................. r 18.1.160 National Trustees Executors and Agency Co of Australasia Ltd v Barnes (1941) 64 CLR 268; [1941] HCA 3 ........................................................................................................................................................ r 42.25.40 Nationwide News Pty Ltd v District Court (NSW) (1996) 40 NSWLR 486; 90 A Crim R 435 ................. SCA 65.40, SCR 54.0.100 Nationwide News Pty Ltd v Naidu (2007) 71 NSWLR 471; [2007] NSWCA 377 ................................................. r 42.15.80 Nationwide News Pty Ltd v Naidu (No 2) [2008] NSWCA 71 ................................................................................ r 42.1.100 Nationwide Publishing Pty Ltd v Furber (1984) 3 FCR 19 ................................................................................... SCA 66.120

[All references are to paragraph numbers.] lxx

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

Neale v Commonwealth Bank of Australia Ltd [2015] NSWCA 136 ........................................................................ r 7.36.40 Neate, Re; Ex parte Pegasus Leasing Ltd [1996] FCA 1206 ................................................................................... CPA 95.20 Neely v Attorney-General [1984] 2 NZLR 636 ....................................................................................................... r 42.21.120 Neeta (Epping) Pty Ltd v Phillips (1974) 131 CLR 286; 48 ALJR 204 ............................................................... SCA 75.100 Neilson v Overseas Projects Corp of Victoria Ltd (2005) 223 CLR 331; 79 ALJR 1736; [2005] HCA 54 ................................................................................................................................................... r 6.43.60, r 6.43.80 Nelson v Wyong Shire Council (1989) 68 LGRA 164 .................................................................................................. r Pt9.60 Nemet v Australian Litigation Funders Pty Ltd (No 2) [2013] NSWSC 679 ........................................................... r 42.13.40 Nepean Engineering Pty Ltd v Total Process Services Pty Ltd (in liq) (2005) 64 NSWLR 462; [2005] NSWCA 409 .............................................................................................................................................. r 12.7.120 Neville v London Express Newspapers Ltd [1917] 2 KB 564 .............................................................................. DCA 126.20 Neville, Ex parte (1874) 12 SCR (NSW) 362 ................................................................................ DCA 18G.20, DCA 195.20 New, Re [1901] 2 Ch 534 ............................................................................................................................................. r 54.3.20 New Beach Apartments Pty Ltd v Epic Hotels Pty Ltd [2007] 2 BFRA 257; (2007) 14 BPR 26317; [2007] NSWSC 474 ................................................................................................................... r 27.1.40, r 27.2.20 New Brunswick Railway Co Ltd v British & French Trust Corp Ltd [1939] AC 1 .......................................... SCA 75A.160 New Cap Reinsurance Corp Ltd (in liq) v Daya [2008] NSWSC 763 ..................................................................... r 21.10.40 New Cap Reinsurance Corp Ltd (in liq) v Renaissance Reinsurance Ltd [2007] NSWSC 258 ................................ r 31.4.80 New Price Retail Services Pty Ltd v Hanna [2014] NSWSC 1051 .......................................................................... r 20.18.60 New Price Retail Services Pty Ltd v Hanna [2014] NSWSC 553 .......................................................................... r 20.20.120 New South Wales v Bovis Lend Lease Pty Ltd [2007] Aust Torts Reports 81-917; [2007] NSWSC 1045 ...................................................................................................................................................................... r 20.24.100 New South Wales v Gevaux [2011] NSWSC 758 ....................................................................................................... r 42.7.60 New South Wales v Harlum [2007] NSWCA 120 ....................................................................................................... r 7.13.40 New South Wales v Lepore (2003) 212 CLR 511; 77 ALJR 558; 195 ALR 412; [2003] HCA 4 ............................ r 28.2.80 New South Wales v Mastronardi [2003] NSWCA 72 ................................................................................. r 15.7.60, r 15.8.60 New South Wales v McKittrick [2009] NSWCA 63 ................................................................................................. r 15.12.40 New South Wales v Mulcahy [2006] NSWCA 303 ............................................................................. CPA Pt6.20, CPA 58.40 New South Wales v Public Transport Ticketing Corp [2011] NSWCA 60 ............................................ r 21.3.200, r 22.2.180 New South Wales v Scharer (2003) 131 LGERA 208; [2003] NSWCA 328 ......................................................... r 14.14.240 New South Wales v Stanley [2007] NSWCA 330 ....................................................................................................... r 42.1.60 New South Wales Insurance Ministerial Corp v Robertson (unreported, NSWCA, 19 December 1994) ..................................................................................................................................................................... r 51.44.100 New South Wales Insurance Ministerial Corporation v Reeve (1993) 42 NSWLR 100 .......................................... r 42.15.50 New South Wales Land and Housing Corporation v Quinn [2016] NSWCA 338 ................................................ CPA 144.20 Newcastle City Council v Caverstock Group Pty Ltd (2008) 163 LGERA 83; [2008] NSWCA 249 ...................... r 25.3.60 Newcastle City Council v Wieland (2009) 74 NSWLR 173; [2009] NSWCA 113 ................................................ CPA 28.40 Newcastle Wallsend Coal Co Pty Ltd v Court of Coal Mines Regulation (1997) 42 NSWLR 351 .................... SCA 75.120 Newcastle Wallsend Coal Co Pty Ltd v Industrial Relations Commission (NSW) (2006) 153 IR 386; [2006] NSWCA 129 ....................................................................................................................... r 42.1.52, r 42.1.52 Newcom Holdings Pty Ltd v Funge Systems Inc [2006] SASC 284 ......................................................................... r 53.3.40 Newcrest Mining v Industrial Relations Commission [2005] NSWCA 91 ............................................................... r 51.44.60 Newdigate Colliery Ltd, Re [1912] 1 Ch 468 .............................................................................................................. r 26.1.20 Newell; Muriniti v De Costi (2018) 97 NSWLR 398; [2018] NSWCA 49 ............. CPA Pt7.Div2.1000, CPA 98.1000, CPA 99.20, CPA 99.40, CPA 99.80, CPA 99.1000. Newmont Pty Ltd v Laverton Nickel NL (No 2) [1981] 1 NSWLR 221 ................................................................... r 12.3.40 Newmont Yandal Operations Pty Ltd v The J Aron Corp (2007) 70 NSWLR 411; [2007] NSWCA 195 ........................................................................................................................................................................ r 36.16.140 News Corp Ltd v Lenfest Communications Inc (1996) 40 NSWLR 250; 21 ACSR 403 .................... r 12.11.140, r Pt34.20 News Ltd v Australian Rugby Football League Ltd (1996) 64 FCR 410; 139 ALR 193 ....................... r 6.24.40, r 52.1.220 Newsam v Archibald (1920) 38 WN (NSW) 2 ..................................................................................................... DCA 18G.20 Newtown Management Pty Ltd v Owners of Strata Plan 67219 [2009] NSWSC 150 ............................................ r 14.11.60 NexusMinerals NL v Brutus Constructions Pty Ltd (unreported, Fed Ct of Appeal (FC), 10 September 1997) ...................................................................................................................................................... r 42.1.62 Ng v Chong [2005] NSWSC 385 ............................................................................................. r 42.1.62, r 42.5.40, r 42.15.80 Nicholls v Carpenter [1974] 1 NSWLR 369 ............................................................................... SCA 75A.140, SCA 75A.180 Nicholls v Michael Wilson & Partners Ltd (2010) 243 FLR 177; [2010] NSWCA 222 ........................................... r 6.43.60 Nicholls v Michael Wilson & Partners Ltd [2010] NSWCA 100 ............................................................................... r 34.2.40

[All references are to paragraph numbers.] ©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

lxxi

Table of Cases

TABLE OF CASES

TABLE OF CASES Nicholls, Ex parte (1889) 5 WN (NSW) 161 ........................................................................................................... DCA 44.20 Nichols v Patrick Stevedoring Co Pty Ltd [1979] 2 NSWLR 457; [1979] WCR (NSW) 179 .............................. DCA 76.40 Nicholson v Nicholson (1994) 35 NSWLR 308 .......................................................................................................... r 36.4.80 Nicholson (otherwise McDonald) v McDonald [1936] VLR 233 ............................................................................... r 40.2.60 Nieborak v Barker [1963] NSWR 965 ................................................................................................................... DCA 126.20 Niemann v Electronic Industries Ltd [1978] VR 431 .................................................................. SCA 101.120, SCR 51.0.120 Nika Management Services Pty Ltd (in liq), Re (1996) 14 ACLC 326 ................................................. r 21.3.140, r 22.2.120 Nikolay Malakhov Shipping Co Ltd v Seas Sapfor Ltd (1998) 44 NSWLR 371 ................................................. CPA 65.400 Nine Network Pty Ltd v Kennedy Miller Television Pty Ltd [1994] NSWCA 235 .............................................. r 20.24.180 Ninemia Maritime Corp v Trave GmbH and Co KG (The Niedersachsen) [1983] 1 WLR 1412; [1984] 1 All ER 398 .............................................................................................................................................. r 25.11.20 Nixon v Howes (1907) 24 WN (NSW) 156 ................................................................................................................. r 42.7.60 Nobrega v Trustees of the Roman Catholic Church for the Archdiocese of Sydney (No 2) [1999] NSWCA 133 .......................................................................................................................................................... r 42.15.80 Noel v Becker [1971] 1 WLR 355; 2 All ER 1186 .................................................................................................. r 36.1A.80 Nominal Defendant v Hawkins (2011) 58 MVR 362; [2011] NSWCA 93 .............................................................. r 42.15.50 Nominal Defendant v Hook (1962) 113 CLR 641; 36 ALJR 190 ........................................................................ DCA 126.20 Nominal Defendant v Manning (2000) 50 NSWLR 139; 31 MVR 524; [2000] NSWCA 80 .......... r 18.1.160, r 49.12.60, r Pt25.20, SCA 75A.120 Nominal Defendant v Workers Compensation Nominal Insurer [2010] NSWCA 376 ............................................... r 31.1.40 Non-Drip Measure Co Ltd v Strangers Ltd (1960) RPC 135 ................................................................................... r 31.49.40 Noon v Bondi Beach Astra Retirement Village Pty Ltd (No 2) [2010] NSWCA 285 ............................................. r 42.15.50 Norilya Minerals Pty Ltd v Ireland (1994) 12 WAR 485 ......................................................................... r 25.17.20, r 42.5.40 Norman v Norman (No 2) (1968) 12 FLR 39 ........................................................................................................... r 53.7.180 Norris v Hamberger [2008] NSWSC 785 ................................................................................................................... r 42.19.40 Norris v Kandiah [2007] NSWSC 1296 ....................................................................................................................... r 34.2.40 Norris v Routley [2016] NSWSC 147 ........................................................................................................................ r 42.15.45 Norsemeter Holding AS v Pieter Boele (No 1) [2002] NSWSC 370 .................................................... r 53.7.120, r 53.7.180 North v Holroyd (1868) LR 3 Ex 9 ........................................................................................................................ DCA 127.80 North Australian Aboriginal Legal Aid Service Inc v Bradley (No 2) [2002] FCA 564 ......................................... r 42.1.300 North South Construction Services Pty Ltd v Construction Pacific Management Pty Ltd [2002] NSWSC 286 ............................................................................................................................................................. r 42.7.80 Northam v Favelle Favco Holdings Pty Ltd (unreported, NSWSC, Bryson J, 7 March 1995) ............................... r 14.28.40 Northam v Favelle Favco Holdings Pty Ltd (unreported, NSWSC, Bryson J, 7 March 1995, 6301 of 1992) ................................................................................................................................................................ r 14.28.120 Northern Star Agriculture Pty Ltd v Morgan & Banks Developments Pty Ltd [2007] NSWSC 98 ....................... r 18.1.160 Northern Territory Housing Commission v Territory Bricks Pty Ltd (1983) 71 FLR 273 ...................................... r 14.18.40 Northridge v Central Sydney Area Health Service (2000) 50 NSWLR 549; [2000] NSWSC 1241 ........................ r Pt57.20 Northumbrian Ice Cream Co Ltd v Breakaway Vending Pty Ltd [2006] NSWSC 1216 ......................................... r 16.3.120 Norway’s Application, Re [1987] QB 433 ................................................................................................................. r 52.1.120 Norway’s Application (No 2), Re [1990] 1 AC 723 .................................................................................................. r 52.1.100 Norwich Pharmacal Co v Customs and Excise Commissioners [1974] AC 133 ..................................................... r Pt21.120 Norwich Pharmacal Co v Customs and Excise Commissioners [1974] AC 133; [1973] 3 WLR 164; [1973] 2 All ER 943 ......................................................................................................................................... r 1.4.40 Notaras v Waverley Council [2007] NSWCA 333; (2007) 161 LGERA 230 ................................ r Pt 51 Div 5 Subdiv 4.20 Noun v Pavey [2014] NSWSC 429 ......................................................................................................................... CPA 26.100 Nouvion v Freeman (1889) 15 App Cas 1 ................................................................................................................. r 53.1.180 Nowlan v Marson Transport Pty Ltd (2001) 53 NSWLR 116; [2001] NSWCA 346 .... r 9.4.80, r 14.14.60, r 42.1.65, SCA 75A.140 Noxequin Pty Ltd v Deputy Commissioner of Taxation [2007] NSWSC 87 ............................................ r 17.3.30, r 42.8.40 Nudd v Mannix [2009] NSWCA 327 ......................................................................................................................... r 42.4.100 Nuhan Ltd v Jewel Superannuation Fund Pty Ltd [1980] 2 NSWLR 304 ............................................................ SCA 66.120 Nutech Wall & Ceiling Systems Pty Ltd v VMF Holdings (NSW) Pty Ltd [2009] NSWSC 737 ....... r 20.18.60, r 20.22.60 Nyerlucz v Dei Rocini [1995] NSWCA 340 ........................................................................................................ SCA 75A.140 Nyman v Valmas [1997] NSWCA 235 ......................................................................................................................... r 42.1.57

[All references are to paragraph numbers.] lxxii

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

TABLE OF CASES

O’Born v Commissioner for Government Transport (1959) 77 WN (NSW) 81 ................................... r 33.3.120, r 33.12.40 O’Brien v Bank of Western Australia Ltd (2013) 16 BPR 31705; [2013] NSWCA 71 ............................................. r 16.2.40 O’Brien v Little [2007] NSWSC 282 ........................................................................................................................... r 22.2.60 O’Brien v McCormick [2005] NSWSC 619 .............................................................................................................. r 42.25.40 O’Brien v McKean (1968) 118 CLR 540; 42 ALJR 223; [1969] ALR 65 ................................................................. r 30.3.40 OCS Australia Pty Ltd v Cho [2010] NSWCA 85 ................................................................................................. DCA 127.80 O’Donnell v Abbott [2001] NSWCA 184 ............................................................................................................... SCA 121.20 O’Donnell (FTS) & Co Ltd v Celebrity Circuit Ltd (1957) 74 WN (NSW) 490 ................................................. SCA 49.120 O’Driscoll v Manchester Insurance Committee [1915] 3 KB 499 ......................................................................... CPA 117.40 O’Keefe v Hayes Knight GTO Pty Ltd [2005] FCA 1559 .......................................................................................... r 42.5.40 O’Neill v Foster (2004) 61 NSWLR 499; [2004] NSWSC 906 ................................................................................... r Pt9.60 O’Reilly v Commissioners of the State Bank of Victoria (1983) 153 CLR 1; 57 ALJR 342 .............. r 21.3.180, r 22.2.160 O’Shane v Burwood Local Court (NSW) (2007) 178 A Crim R 392; [2007] NSWSC 1300 ................................... r 4.2.100 O’Sullivan v Challenger Managed Investments Ltd (2007) 214 FLR 1; [2007] NSWSC 383 .................... r 7.4.40, r 7.4.60 OXC Bidco Pty Ltd v Dickson [2016] NSWSC 968 ................................................................................................. r 25.14.20 Oasis Fund Management Ltd v ABN Amro Bank NV [2009] NSWSC 967 ..................................... CPA 26.100, CPA 32.40 Obeita v Consumer, Trader & Tenancy Tribunal (No 2) [2009] NSWCA 249 ...................................................... DCA 44.20 Oberlechner v Watson Wyatt Superannuation Pty Ltd [2007] NSWSC 1435 .......................................................... r 42.20.40 Oblescak v Oblescak (unreported, NSWCA, 8 April 1968) .................................................................................... DCA 76.20 Oceanic Life Ltd v HIH Casualty & General Insurance Ltd (1999) 10 ANZ Insurance Cases 61-438; [1999] NSWSC 292 ................................................................................................................................... r 7.25.40 Oceanic Sun Line Special Shipping Co Inc v Fay (1988) 165 CLR 197; 62 ALJR 389 ........................................ r 13.4.200 Oddie, In the Will of [1976] 1 NSWLR 371 ....................................................................................................... SCR 78.0.160 Oertel v Crocker (1947) 75 CLR 261 ................................................................................................................... SCA 101.140 Offe v Residential Tenancies Tribunal (NSW) (unreported, NSWCA, 29 October 1997) ............... SCA 65.20, SCR 54.0.80 Official Receiver of the State of Israel v Raveh (2001) 24 WAR 53; 159 FLR 471; [2001] WASC 72 ........................................................................................................................................................ r 53.8.20, SCA 66.240 Official Trustee in Bankruptcy v D’Jamirze (1999) 48 NSWLR 416; 43 ATR 456; [1999] NSWSC 1249 .................................................................................................................................. r 31.13.40, r 31.13.60, r 31.14.40 Ofria v Cameron (No 2) [2008] NSWCA 242 ........................................................................................ r 42.15.50, r 42.15.80 Ohn v Walton (1995) 36 NSWLR 77 ....................................................................................................... r 42.1.60, CPA 98.30 Old v Hodgkinson [2008] NSWSC 697 ..................................................................................................................... r 20.20.80 Old v McInnes [2011] NSWCA 410 .................................................................................................................... Pt 20.Div4.20 Old v McInnes & Hodgkinson [2011] NSWCA 410 .............................................................................................. r 42.13A.20 Oldfields Pty Ltd v Alfar (1996) 187 CLR 703; 70 ALJR 560 .................................................. SCA 101.120, SCR 51.0.120 Oliver v Rheem (Aust) Pty Ltd (1965) 83 WN (Pt 1) (NSW) 59; [1965] NSWR 1321 ........................................... r 23.4.60 Olsen v Second East Auction Holdings Pty Ltd [2014] NSWSC 1840 ................................................... r 42.5.40, r 42.19.40 Olsson v Dyson (1969) 120 CLR 365; 43 ALJR 77; [1969] ALR 443 ..................................................... r 43.2.60, r Pt43.30 One Tel Ltd (in liq) v Rich (2003) 45 ACSR 466; [2003] NSWSC 522 ................................................................... r 14.7.60 Onefone Australia Pty Ltd v One Tel Ltd [2007] NSWSC 1320 ................................................................................ r 1.12.50 Onefone Australia Pty Ltd v One Tel Ltd [2009] NSWSC 821 ................................................................................ r 35.9.180 Onefone Australia Pty Ltd v One Tel Ltd (in liq) [2010] NSWSC 586 ..................................................................... r 1.21.40 Onus v Alcoa of Aust Ltd (1981) 149 CLR 27; 55 ALJR 631 ....................................................... SCA 65.40, SCR 54.0.100 Optiver Australia Pty Ltd v Tibra Trading Pty Ltd (2008) 169 FCR 435; [2008] FCAFC 133 .................................. r 5.3.60 Optus Networks Pty Ltd v Boroondara City [1997] 2 VR 318 ............................................................................. SCA 66.220 Oriental Carpet Department Store Pty Ltd v Supacenta Pty Ltd (2003) 11 BPR 21235; [2003] NSWSC 783 .......................................................................................................................................................... CPA 26.20 Origin Energy LPG Ltd v BestCare Foods Ltd [2013] NSWCA 90 .................................................. r 20.24.140, r 20.24.180 Orr v Lusute Pty Ltd (1987) 72 ALR 617; [1987] ATPR (Digest) 46-024 ............................................................ r 42.21.110 Orwell Steel (Erection and Fabrication) Ltd v Asphalt & Tarmac (UK) Ltd [1984] 1 WLR 1097 ..................... SCA 66.240 Oshlack v Richmond River Council (1998) 193 CLR 72 .......................................................................... CPA Pt7.Div2.1000 Oshlack v Richmond River Council (1998) 193 CLR 72; 72 ALJR 578; [1998] HCA 11 ..... CPA Pt7.Div2.40, CPA 98.20, CPA 98.1000 Oshlack v Richmond River Council (1998) 193 CLR 72; 72 ALJR 578; 152 ALR 83; [1998] HCA 11 ..................................................................... r 42.1.40, r 42.1.120, r 42.1.300, r 42.5.40, r 42.21.60, r 42.21.100 Ossmun Pty Ltd v Smith (1990) 21 ATR 1052; 90 ATC 4867 ............................................................................... r 31.14.120

[All references are to paragraph numbers.] ©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

lxxiii

Table of Cases

O

TABLE OF CASES Overseers of Christchurch, Ex parte (1851) 2 LM & P 660 .......................................................... DCA 18G.20, DCA 195.20 Overton v Loukides [1970] VR 462 ....................................................................................................................... SCR 1.13.20 Owners-Strata Plan 62658, The v Mestrez Pty Ltd [2012] NSWSC 1259 ......... CPA 14.20, CPA 14.1000, CPA 15.20, CPA 16.1000 Owners-Strata Plan No 30791, The v Southern Cross Constructions (ACT) Pty Ltd (in liq) [2017] NSWSC 1660 .................................................................................................................................. r 20.20.120, r 20.24.140 Owners Corp Strata Plan 62285 v Betona Corp (NSW) Pty Ltd [2006] NSWSC 216 ....................... CPA 29.20, CPA 30.30 Owners Strata Plan 57504 v Building Insurers’ Guarantee Corp (2008) 15 ANZ Insurance Cases 61-792; [2008] NSWSC 1022 .......................................................................................................... r 20.20.60, r 20.24.140 Owners Strata Plan 58577 v Banmor Developments Finance Pty Ltd [2006] NSWSC 174 ................ r 31.52.20, r 31.52.40 Owners Strata Plan 62930 v Kell & Rigby Holdings Pty Ltd [2010] NSWSC 612 ............................................... CPA 65.20 Owners Strata Plan No 13218 v Woollahra Municipal Council (2002) 121 LGERA 117; [2002] NSWCA 92 ....................................................................................................... SCA 75A.160, SCA 106.40, SCR 51.0.200 Owners Strata Plan No 61162 v Lipman Pty Ltd [2014] NSWSC 622 ................................................................... CPA 28.40 Owners Strata Plan No 72381 v Meriton Apartments Pty Ltd [2015] NSWSC 442 ............................................... r 20.24.60 Owners Strata Plan SP 69567 v Baseline Constructions Pty Ltd [2012] NSWSC 502 ........... r 21.9.40, r 34.2.40, r Pt21.60 Owners of Strata Plan 58577 v Banmore Developments Finance Pty Ltd [2006] NSWCA 325 ......... r 31.17.60, r 31.52.60 Owners of Strata Plan 60693 v Anneliese Pty Ltd (in liq) [2006] NSWSC 210 ....................................................... r 42.1.65 Owners of Strata Plan 64415 v Vero Insurance Ltd [2014] NSWSC 1500 ....................................... r 20.24.100, r 20.24.120 Owners of Strata Plan 64622 v Australand Corp Pty Ltd [2009] NSWSC 614 ....................................................... r 20.21.80 Owners of Strata Plan No 51487 v Broadsand Pty Ltd (2001) 132 IR 361; [2001] NSWSC 813 ......................... r 13.4.200 Owners of Strata Plan No 68372 v Allianz Australia Insurance Ltd [2014] NSWSC 1807 .................................. r 20.24.100 Oxley v Link [1914] 2 KB 734 ................................................................................................................................ DCA 81.20 Oxley v Oxley [2018] NSWSC 91 .......................................................................................................................... r 31.16A.40 Oyston v St Patrick’s College [2011] NSWSC 826 ................................................................................................... r 42.16.40 Ozpinar v Assaily [2001] NSWCA 23 .................................................................. DCA 127.80, SCA 101.140, SCR 51.0.140

P P v D1 [2011] NSWSC 257 .......................................................................................................................................... r Pt57.40 P v NSW Trustee and Guardian [2015] NSWSC 579 ............................. r 7.13.40, r 7.14.50, r 7.14.70, r Pt57.20, r Pt57.40 P v P [1982] 2 NSWLR 508 ......................................................................................................................................... r 57.6.20 P v R [2003] NSWSC 819 ............................................................................................................................................ r Pt57.60 P v T Ltd [1997] 1 WLR 1309; [1997] 4 All ER 200 .............................................................................................. r Pt21.120 P, Re [2006] NSWSC 1082 ........................................................................................................................................... r 7.18.60 PAO v Trustees of the Roman Catholic Church for the Archdiocese of Sydney [2011] NSWSC 1216 ....................................................................................................................................................... r 13.4.100, r 49.4.60 PB v BB [2013] NSWSC 1223 ................................................................................................................. r Pt57.20, r Pt57.140 PCRZ Investments Pty Ltd v National Golf Holdings Ltd [2002] VSCA 24 ............................................................. r 42.5.40 PF v HK [2016] NSWSC 590 .................................................................................................................................... r Pt57.180 PM Sulcs and Assoc Pty Ltd v Daihatsu Aust Pty Ltd [2000] NSWSC 826 ......................................................... r 42.21.110 PM Sulcs and Assoc Pty Ltd v Daihatsu Aust Pty Ltd [2001] NSWSC 798 ........................................................... r 36.17.40 PMSI Group Pty Ltd v Wilson [2003] NSWSC 263 ................................................................................................... r 21.3.60 PRD La Costa Management Pty Ltd v Proprietors “Beachpoint” Building Units Plan No 3149 [1985] 2 Qd R 227 ............................................................................................................................................. SCA 66.120 PS Chellaram & Co Ltd v China Ocean Shipping Co (1991) 65 ALJR 642; 102 ALR 321; 9 ACLC 1603 ..................................................................................................................................... r 42.21.110, r 42.21.120 PSL Industries Ltd v Simplot Australia Pty Ltd (2003) 7 VR 106; 174 FLR 111; [2003] VSCA 7 ...................... CPA 65.20 Pacific Acceptance Corp Ltd v Forsyth (No 2) (1967) 85 WN (Pt 1) (NSW) 715; [1967] 2 NSWR 402 ........................................................................................................................................................................ r 42.21.200 Pacific Basin Exploration Pty Ltd v XLX (NL) [1985] WAR 11; (1984) 2 IPR 489 ................................................ r 21.7.40 Pacific General Securities Ltd v Soliman & Sons Pty Ltd [2006] NSWSC 724 ..................................................... r 42.1.120 Pacific Resources International Pty Ltd v UTI (Aust) Pty Ltd [2012] NSWSC 1083 ............................................. r Pt17.145 Packer v Meagher [1984] 3 NSWLR 486 ................................................................................................. r 12.1.120, r 42.5.40 Page v Newman (1829) 9 B & C 378 ............................................................................................................. CPA Pt7.Div3.40 Paino v Paino [2005] NSWSC 1313 ......................................................................................................................... r 31.23.140 Paino v Paino (2008) 40 Fam LR 96; [2008] NSWCA 276 ............................................................ r 31.23.140, r 31.23.1000

[All references are to paragraph numbers.] lxxiv

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

Paint Manufacturing Pty Ltd v Hanson; Housing Commission (NSW) Garnishee (1955) 72 WN(NSW) 127 .................................................................................................................................................... CPA 117.15 Palace Films Pty Ltd v Fairfax Media Publications Pty Ltd [2012] NSWSC 1136 ................................................. r 15.19.40 Palavi v Radio 2UE Sydney Pty Ltd [2011] NSWCA 264 ................................. r 21.3.40, r Pt21.20, r Pt21.100, CPA 56.40 Palmbay Nominees Pty Ltd v Fowler [2003] WASCA 217 .................................................................................... r 14.14.200 Palmer v Clarke (1989) 19 NSWLR 158 ........................................................................... r 36.2.60, r 36.3.80, DCA 127.100 Pambula District Hospital v Herriman (1988) 14 NSWLR 387 ......................................................................... DCA 76A.100 Pampris v Thanos (1968) 69 SR (NSW) 226; 87 WN (Pt 2) (NSW) 261 ............................................................. DCA 44.20 Pan v Bo (2008) 220 FLR 271; [2008] NSWSC 961 ................................................................................................ r 16.3.140 Pan Pharmaceuticals Ltd - Selim v McGrath - Costs [2004] NSWSC 129; (2004) 48 ACSR 681 ....................... CPA 98.70 Panasonic Australia Pty Ltd v Ngage Pty Ltd (2006) 69 IPR 595; [2006] NSWSC 399 ............................................ r 5.3.60 Papaconstuntinos v Holmes a Court [2006] NSWSC 945 ............................................................................................. r 5.3.60 Parbery v Nauru Phosphate Royalties Trust [2013] NSWSC 489 ............................................................................. r 55.11.20 Paric v John Holland (Constructions) Pty Ltd (1985) 59 ALJR 844; 62 ALR 85 ......... r 31.29.80, r 31.30.80, r 31.35.1000 Parisi v Nigro [2006] NSWCA 121 .............................................................................................................................. r 42.5.40 Parist Holdings Pty Ltd v Perpetual Nominees Ltd [2006] NSWSC 599 .................................................................. r Pt41.20 Park v Citibank Savings Ltd (1993) 31 NSWLR 219 ............................................................................................... r 31.3.120 Park Rail Developments Pty Ltd v RJ Pearce Assocs Pty Ltd (1987) 8 NSWLR 123 ............................................ r 20.14.60 Parker v Camden London Borough Council [1986] 1 Ch 162 .................................................................................. r 26.1.130 Parker v Galloway (unreported, NSW Dist Ct, Staunton DCJ, 18 April 1983) ...................................................... DCA 44.60 Parker v Wells (1881) 18 Ch D 477 ............................................................................................................................. r 22.3.40 Parkesbourne Mummel Landscape Guardians Inc v Minister for Planning (2009) 170 LGERA 118; [2009] NSWLEC 101 ...................................................................................................................................... r 17.3.30 Parramatta City Council v Sandell [1973] 1 NSWLR 151; (1973) 29 LGRA 101 ................................................. CPA 22.80 Parramatta City Council v Stewart [2013] NSWCA 163 .......................................................................................... CPA 61.20 Parry v Crooks (1981) 27 SASR 1; 6 Fam LR 824 ............................................................................................... SCA 66.320 Parry v WGE Engineering Pty Ltd [2003] NSWSC 337 ........................................................................................ CPA 140.20 Parsons v Doukas (2001) 52 NSWLR 162; [2001] NSWCA 128 ............................................................................ CPA 65.20 Pascoe v Divisional Security Group Pty Ltd (2007) 209 FLR 197; [2007] NSWSC 211 ......................................... r 14.2.40 Pascoe v Edsome Pty Ltd (No 2) [2007] NSWSC 544 .............................................................................. r 42.1.65, r 42.7.60 Pater, Re (1864) 122 ER 842; 5 B & S 299 .......................................................................................................... DCA 199.20 Patey-Denis v MUT Constructions (NSW) Pty Ltd [2011] NSWSC 497 ................................................................. r 50.16.60 Patonga Beach Holdings Pty Ltd v Lyons [2009] NSWSC 869 ................................................................ r 34.1.40, r 34.2.40 Patrick Stevedores No 1 Pty Ltd v Kilkelly [2004] NSWCA 237 ............................................................................ r 36.15.60 Patrick Stevedores Operations No 2 Pty Ltd v Maritime Union of Australia (No 3) (1998) 195 CLR 1; 72 ALJR 873 ......................................................................................................................................... SCA 66.120 Patterson v BTR Engineering (Aust) Ltd (1989) 18 NSWLR 319 ..................................................... r 25.11.20, SCA 66.240 Patterson v Cohen [2006] NSWSC 424 ............................................................................. r 36.10.40, r 39.44.80, CPA 126.30 Pattison v Bell [2007] FCA 137 ................................................................................................................................... r 42.5.40 Paul v Girgis [2013] NSWSC 1725 .............................................................................................................................. r 25.3.60 Paul Michael Pty Ltd v Urban Traders Pty Ltd [2010] NSWSC 1246 ......................... r 39.44.80, CPA 126.25, CPA 126.40 Pawlowska v Zajglic [2011] NSWCA 118 ................................................................................................................. r 51.22.60 Pawlowski v Mike Boylan Real Estate [1975] 3 QL 335 ......................................................................................... r 15.10.60 Payne v Young (1980) 145 CLR 609 ........................................................................................................................... r 6.19.40 Peakhurst Inn Pty Ltd v Fox [2004] NSWCA 74 .......................................................................... SCA 75A.180, SCA 106.20 Pearson v Naydler [1977] 3 All ER 531; [1977] 1 WLR 899 ............................................................. r 42.21.60, r 42.21.200 Pecar v National Australia Trustees Ltd (unreported, NSW SC, Bryson J, 27 November 1996) ............................ r 23.8.160 Pelechowski v Registrar, Court of Appeal (NSW) (1999) 198 CLR 435; 73 ALJR 687; 162 ALR 336; [1999] HCA 19 ......................................................................................................................... r 25.11.20, DCA 46.20 Pell v Hodges [2007] NSWCA 234 .............................................................................................................................. r 1.12.40 Penang Mining Co v Sam [1969] 2 MLJ 52 ................................................................................................................ r 6.24.40 Pennington, Re [1972] VR 869 .............................................................................................................................. SCR 68.0.60 Penrith Rugby League Club Ltd t/a Cardiff Panthers v Elliot (No 2) [2009] NSWCA 356 ................................... r 42.13.40 Penson v Titan National Pty Ltd (No 3) [2015] NSWCA 121 ................................................................................. CPA 98.80 Penthouse Publications Ltd v McWilliam (unreported, NSW Ct CA, Priestley and Meagher JJA and Waddell AJA, 15 March 1991) ...................................................................................................................... r 13.4.120 Pepper Finance Corp Ltd v Maloney [2013] NSWSC 890 ....................................................................................... r 55.11.20 Percy v General Motors-Holden’s Pty Ltd [1975] 1 NSWLR 289 .......................................................... r 21.2.60, r Pt21.100

[All references are to paragraph numbers.] ©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

lxxv

Table of Cases

TABLE OF CASES

TABLE OF CASES Perera v Genworth Financial Mortgage Insurance Pty Ltd [2017] NSWCA 19 ....................................................... r 13.4.140 Perisher Blue Pty Ltd v Nair-Smith (No 2) [2015] NSWCA 268 .......................................................................... r 42.13A.20 Permanent Custodians Ltd v King [2010] NSWSC 509 ................................................................................................ r 9.4.80 Permanent Custodians Ltd v Tong (2012) 228 A Crim R 149; [2012] NSWSC 1373 .......................................... CPA 112.25 Permanent Custodians Ltd, Re [2013] NSWSC 1030 .................................................................................................. r 55.9.20 Permanent Trustee Co v Redman (1917) 17 SR (NSW) 353 .................................................................................... r 42.1.200 Permanent Trustee Co (Canberra) Ltd v Stocks & Holdings (Canberra) Pty Ltd (1976) 15 ACTR 45; 28 FLR 195 ..................................................................................................................................................... r 36.15.80 Permewan Wright Consolidated Pty Ltd v Attorney General (unreported, NSWCA, 11 December 1978) ................................................................................................................................................................ SCR 55.0.220 Perpetual Executors and Trustees Assn Australia Ltd v Wright (1917) 23 CLR 185; 23 ALR 177; [1917] VLR 372; HCA 27 ..................................................................................................................................... r 42.25.40 Perpetual Ltd, Re (2010) 15 BPR 29007; [2010] NSWSC 1340 .............................................................................. r 55.11.20 Perpetual Nominees Limited v Storehouse Managed Investments Ltd [2015] NSWSC 1994 ................................. r 42.25.40 Perpetual Trustee Co v McAndrew [2008] NSWSC 790 ........................................................................ r 42.7.80, CPA 26.40 Perpetual Trustee Co Ltd v Baker [1999] NSWCA 244 ............................................................................................ r 42.1.200 Perpetual Trustee Company Ltd, Re [2016] NSWSC 159 .......................................................................................... r Pt55.40 Perpetual Trustee Company Ltd, Re [2017] NSWSC 35 ............................................................................................ r Pt55.40 Perpetual Trustees Australia Ltd v Heperu Pty Ltd (No 2) (2009) 78 NSWLR 190; [2009] NSWCA 387 ........................................................................................................................................................ r 36.15.120 Perre v Apand Pty Ltd (1999) 198 CLR 180; 73 ALJR 1190; 164 ALR 606; [1999] HCA 36 ................................ r 28.2.80 Perry v Jackson [1998] 4 VR 463 ............................................................................................................................ r 42.21.140 Perry v Meddowcroft (1846) 50 ER 529; 10 Beav 122 ............................................................................................ r 53.7.180 Persson v Heathwoods Pty Ltd (1967) 68 SR (NSW) 27; 86 WN (Pt 2) (NSW) 285 ............................. r 23.8.40, r 23.8.60 Pertsinidis v Australian Central Credit Union Ltd (2001) 80 SASR 76; [2001] SASC 244 ................................. r 14.14.220 Petar v Macedonian Orthodox Community Church St Petka Inc [2006] NSWCA 277 ........................................... r 42.25.40 Peter Vitek v Estate Homes Pty Ltd [2013] NSWSC 1948 ........................................................................ r 42.8.40, r 42.9.40 Peters v Lithgow Force Pty Ltd (No 2) [2011] NSWSC 1616 .................................................................................. r 25.11.20 Peters v Peters (1907) 7 SR (NSW) 398; 24 WN (NSW) 87 ..................................................................................... r 42.1.60 Peterson v Spartalis (unreported, Hodgson J, 7 April 1995) ............................................................................... SCR 78.71.20 Petronaitis v Rowles [2012] NSWCA 236 ...................................................... r 18.2.40, r 18.2.50, CPA 14.40, CPA 14.1000 Pettitt v Dunkley [1971] 1 NSWLR 376 ............................................................................................. r 36.2.60, DCA 127.100 Pheeney v Doolan (No 2) [1977] 1 NSWLR 601 ....................................................................................................... r Pt14.20 Phelan v Ambridge Corp Pty Ltd (2005) 55 ACSR 136; [2005] NSWSC 875 ...................................................... r 10.14.120 Philipps v Philipps (1878) 4 QBD 12 ........................................................................................................................... r 14.7.60 Philips Electronics Australia Pty Ltd v Matthews (2002) 54 NSWLR 598; [2002] NSWCA 157 ... r 42.21.40, r 42.21.80, r 42.21.90, DCA 156.20 Phillips v MacMahon (1899) 15 WN (NSW) 206 .................................................................................................. CPA 117.40 Phillips v Walsh (1990) 20 NSWLR 206 ........................................................................... r 18.1.40, r 18.1.60, Pt 20.Div4.20 Phu v Department of Education & Training (NSW) [2011] NSWCA 119 ................................................................. r 7.36.40 Pickles v Gratzon (2002) 55 NSWLR 533; [2002] NSWSC 688 ............................................................................... r Pt52.40 Pico Holdings Inc v Voss [2002] VSC 319 .......................................................................................................... SCR 55.0.120 Pierce v Minister Administering the Water Management Act 2000 [2012] NSWLEC 33 ................................. CPA 149B.60 Pilmer v HIH Casualty & General Insurance Ltd (No 2) (2004) 90 SASR 465; 187 FLR 315; 212 ALR 636; [2004] SASC 389 .................................................................................................................................. r Pt41.80 Pink, Re [1927] 1 Ch 237 ............................................................................................................................................. r 54.3.20 Pino v Prosser [1967] VR 835 ...................................................................................................................................... r 10.5.40 Pinson v Lloyds & National Provincial Foreign Bank Ltd [1941] 2 KB 72 .......................... r 14.7.60, r 14.7.100, r Pt15.20 Pioneer Concrete (NSW) Pty Ltd v Webb (1995) 18 ACSR 418; 13 ACLC 1749 ............................... r 21.3.140, r 22.2.120 Pioneer Concrete (Vic) Pty Ltd v L Grollo & Co Pty Ltd [1973] VR 473 ......................................... CPA 24.40, CPA 24.60 Pioneer Energy Holdings v Seth [2014] NSWSC 492 ................................................................................................... r 5.3.60 Pioneer Park Pty Ltd (in liq) v ANZ Banking Group Ltd [2007] 2 BFRA 753; (2007) 65 ACSR 383; 25 ACLC 1707; [2007] NSWCA 344 ........................................................................................................ r 42.21.200 Pioneer Park Pty Ltd (in liq) v Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Ltd [2006] NSWSC 1176 .......................................................................................................................................................................... r 42.1.62 Pittalis v Sherefettin [1986] QB 868 ........................................................................................................................ r 36.16.180 Pittorino v Yates [2009] NSWCA 87 ....................................................................................................... r 20.26.40, r 42.15.50 Pitts v Adney (1961) 78 WN (NSW) 886 ............................................................................................... r 21.3.220, r 22.2.200

[All references are to paragraph numbers.] lxxvi

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

Pizzey Properties Pty Ltd v Edelstein [1977] VR 161 ................................................................................................ r 25.3.60 Plant, Re [1926] P 139 ................................................................................................................................................ r 42.25.40 Plato Films Ltd v Speidel [1961] AC 1090 ............................................................................................. r 14.7.60, r 14.14.100 Plaza West Pty Ltd v Simon’s Holdings (NSW) Pty Ltd (No 2) [2011] NSWSC 556 .............................................. r 42.7.80 Pledge v Roads & Traffic Authority (2004) 78 ALJR 572; [2004] HCA 13 ........................................................ SCA 75A.80 Plowman v Sisters of St John of God Inc [2014] NSWSC 333 ................................................................................. r 23.4.40 Plunkett v Barclays Bank Ltd [1936] 2 KB 107; [1936] 1 All ER 653 ................................................................... r 39.41.40 Plunkett v Bull (1915) 19 CLR 544; [1915] HCA 14 ................................................................................................. r 31.5.60 Poforo Pty Ltd v Allman [1984] 3 NSWLR 429 .................................................................................................... SCA 49.120 Pohlner v Elder’s Trustee & Executors Co Ltd (1964) 112 CLR 52; 37 ALJR 461 ........................................... SCR 68.0.60 Polaroid Australia Pty Ltd v Minicomp Pty Ltd (1997) 16 ACLC 529 ...................................................................... r 42.5.40 Police (NSW), Commissioner of v Tuxford [2002] NSWCA 139 ........................................................... r 33.4.140, r 33.9.80 Polini v Gray (1879) 12 Ch D 438 ........................................................................................................................... r 51.44.100 Pollack, Re; Ex parte Deputy Commissioner of Taxation (1991) 32 FCR 40; 22 ATR 670 ................................... r 37.4.120 Pollard v Photographic Co (1888) 40 Ch D 345 .................................................................................................... SCA 66.360 Pollnow v Armstrong [2000] NSWCA 245 .............................................................................................................. r 14.14.200 Pope v Aberdeen Transport Co Pty Ltd [1965] NSWR 1550 ................................................................................... r 16.3.120 Port Kembla Coal Terminal Ltd v Construction Forestry Mining and Energy Union (NSW) (No 2) (2014) 88 NSWLR 471; [2014] NSWIC 3 ........................................................................................................... r 42.15.50 Port Line Ltd v Lacey (unreported, NSWCA, 26 July 1996) ..................................................... SCA 101.100, SCR 51.0.100 Port of Melbourne Authority v Anshun Pty Ltd (1981) 147 CLR 589; 55 ALJR 621; 36 ALR 3 ..... r 6.12.40, r 14.14.220, CPA 22.80, CPA 24.40 Portal Software International Ltd v Bodsworth [2005] NSWSC 1115 ................. r 33.4.120, r 33.9.120, r 34.2.40, r 34.2.60 Portal Software International Pty Ltd v Bodsworth [2005] NSWSC 1228 ................... r 31.23.80, r 31.23.120, r 31.23.1000 Porter v Gordian Runoff Ltd (No 3) [2005] NSWCA 377 ...................................................................................... r 42.21.600 Porter v John Fairfax Publications [2001] NSWSC 680 ............................................................................................. r 42.5.30 Porter v Lachlan Shire Council [2006] NSWCA 252 ................................................................................................ r 42.15.50 Porters v Cessnock City Council [2005] NSWSC 1275; 12 BPR 23,209 .................................................................. r 7.10.40 Porzelack KG v Porzelack (UK) Ltd [1987] 1 All ER 1074; [1987] 1 WLR 420; [1987] FSR 353 .................... r 42.21.110 Potter’s Sulphide Ore Treatment Ltd v Sulphide Corp Ltd (1911) 13 CLR 101; 28 WN (NSW) 118 ............................................................................................................................................................................ r 22.1.80 Potts v Dennis Jones & Co Ltd (1995) 58 FCR 61; 17 ACSR 770; 13 ACLC 1096 ................................................ r Pt34.20 Powercell Pty Ltd v Cuzeno Pty Ltd (2003) 11 BPR 21385; [2003] NSWSC 600 ............................................... r 14.14.200 Powers v Stoikos [2007] NSWSC 675 ............................................................ r 20.20.80, r 20.23.60, r 20.24.60, r 20.24.140 Powers, Re (1885) 30 Ch D 291 .................................................................................................................................. r 54.3.20 Pracdes Pty Ltd v Stanilite Electronics Pty Ltd (1995) 35 IPR 277 ......................................................................... r 42.29.40 Pratten v Warringah Shire Council (1969) 90 WN (NSW) 134 .................................................................................. r 42.1.62 Praznovsky v Sablyack [1977] VR 114 ................................................................................................................... SCA 66.240 Precision Plastics Pty Ltd v Demir (1975) 132 CLR 362; 49 ALJR 281 .................................... SCA 107.20, SCR 51.0.220 Precision Products (NSW) Pty Ltd v Hawkesbury City Council (2008) 74 NSWLR 102; [2008] NSWCA 278 .......................................................................................................................................................... r 42.15.80 Premier Travel Pty Ltd v Satellite Centres of Australia Pty Ltd [2004] NSWSC 864 ............................................ r 33.9.160 Prentice v Constantinidis (No.2) [2015] FCCA 904 ............................................................................................... CPA 104.20 Presbyterian Church (NSW) Property Trust v Scots Church Development Ltd (in receivership) (No 2) [2007] NSWSC 797 ..................................................................................................................................... r 42.1.65 Prestige Residential Marketing Pty Ltd v Depune Pty Ltd (No 2) [2008] NSWCA 341 ........................................ r 42.15.80 Preston v Green (1944) 61 WN (NSW) 204 .......................................................................................................... DCA 126.20 Preston v Nikolaidis [2011] NSWSC 1074 .................................................................................................................. r 17.2.60 Preston v Preston [1982] Fam 17; [1981] 3 WLR 619; [1982] 1 All ER 41 ............................................................. r 42.5.40 Price v Ferris (1994) 34 NSWLR 704; 74 A Crim R 127 ...................................................................................... CPA 65.400 PricewaterhouseCoopers Legal v Perpetual Trustees Victoria Ltd [2007] ANZ ConvR 645; [2008] NSW ConvR 56-197; [2007] NSWCA 271 .......................................................................................................... r 42.1.100 Priest v New South Wales [2006] NSWSC 12 ............................................................................................................ r 22.1.40 Prime City Investments Pty Ltd, Re [2012] NSWSC 1287 .................................................................... r 31.9.40, r 31.9.1000 Principal Registrar, Supreme Court (NSW) v Jando (2001) 53 NSWLR 527; 125 A Crim R 473; [2001] NSWSC 969 ......................................................................................................................................... SCR 55.0.120 Print Management Australia Pty Ltd v Pasupati [2008] NSWSC 342 ...................................................................... r 25.11.20 Prior, Re; Ex parte Bellanto (1962) 80 WN (NSW) 616; 63 SR (NSW) 190 ...................................................... DCA 199.20

[All references are to paragraph numbers.] ©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

lxxvii

Table of Cases

TABLE OF CASES

TABLE OF CASES Prisoners A-XX Inclusive v New South Wales (1995) 38 NSWLR 622; 79 A Crim R 377 ............................. SCR 54.0.200 Prisoners A to XX Inclusive v New South Wales (1994) 75 A Crim R 205 ...................................................... SCR 54.0.200 Pro-Campo Ltd v Commissioner of Land Tax (NSW) (1981) 12 ATR 26; 81 ATC 4270 ...................................... r 16.4.100 Process Engineering Pty Ltd v Derby Meat Processing Co Ltd [1977] WAR 145 ................................................ r 42.21.200 Proctor v Jetway Aviation Pty Ltd [1982] 2 NSWLR 264 .......................................................................................... r Pt14.60 Proctor v Jetway Aviation Pty Ltd [1984] 1 NSWLR 166 ................................................. r 6.28.40, r 14.14.140, CPA 65.20 Production Spray Painting & Panel Beating Pty Ltd v Newnham (No 2) (1992) 27 NSWLR 659; 45 IR 425 ......................................................................................................................................................... SCA 75A.200 Project Development Co Ltd SA v KMK Securities Ltd [1982] 1 WLR 1470; [1983] 1 All ER 465 ......................................................................................................................................................... r 25.17.20, r 42.5.40 Prosperity Advisers Pty Ltd v Secure Enterprises Pty Ltd [2012] NSWCA 192 ..................................................... r 42.15.50 Prothonotary v Collins [1984] 2 NSWLR 549; (1984) 15 A Crim R 148 ........................................................... SCR 55.0.20 Prothonotary of Supreme Court (NSW) v Milios [2004] NSWCA 180 ............................................................ SCR 65A.3.20 Prothonotary of Supreme Court of New South Wales, The v Battye [2017] NSWSC 48 ......................................... r 40.7.50 Prothonotary of the Supreme Court of New South Wales v Yau Hang Chan (No 20) [2016] NSWSC 855 ............................................................................................................................................................. r 38.3.50 Prudential Assurance Co Ltd v Newman Industries Ltd [1981] Ch 229; [1980] 2 WLR 239; [1979] 3 All ER 507 .................................................................................................................................................. r 7.4.60 Prynew Pty Ltd v Nemeth (2010) 28 ACLC 10-026; [2010] NSWCA 94 ............................................................. r 42.21.310 Pty Ltd v Cuzeno RVM Pty Ltd [2003] NSWCA 27 ................................................................................................ r 42.25.40 Public Service Board (NSW) v Osmond (1986) 159 CLR 656; 60 ALJR 20 ............................................................ r 36.2.60 Public Transport Ticketing Corp v Integrated Transit Solutions Ltd [2009] NSWSC 54 ........................................ r 42.21.90 Public Trustee v Gittoes [2005] NSWSC 373 ............................................................................................................ r 4.10.100 Public Trustee v Nash (1920) 38 WN (NSW) 142 ...................................................................................................... r 42.6.40 Pucci v Humes Ltd [1970] 2 NSWR 139 ..................................................................................................................... r 23.4.60 Puttick v Tenon Ltd (2008) 238 CLR 265; 83 ALJR 93; [2008] HCA 54 ............................................................... r 6.43.100 Pyneboard Pty Ltd v Trade Practices Commission (1983) 152 CLR 328; 57 ALJR 236 ..................... r 21.3.160, r 22.2.140

Q QBE Workers Compensation (NSW) Pty Ltd v Sports Pit Pty Ltd (in liq) (unreported, NSW Sup Ct, Young J, 12 October 1995) ........................................................................................................................... r 49.20.120 Qantas Airways Ltd v AF Little Pty Ltd [1981] 2 NSWLR 34 ............................... r 6.19.40, r 6.20.40, r 6.21.40, r 6.24.40 Qantas Airways Ltd v Dillingham Corp (unreported, SCNSW, Rogers J, 14 May 1987) ......................................... r 42.5.40 Quach v Mustafa (unreported, NSWCA, 15 June 1995) ....................................................................... r 42.15.45, CPA 46.20 Quad Consulting Pty Ltd v David R Bleakley & Assoc Pty Ltd (1990) 27 FCR 86 .............................................. r 22.2.200 Quadunion Builders Pte Ltd v Aircraft Support Industries Pty Ltd (No 2) [2015] NSWSC 1857 ....................... CPA 108.35 Quanta Software International Pty Ltd v Computer Management Services Pty Ltd (2000) 175 ALR 536; [2000] FCA 969 ....................................................................................................................................... r 5.3.60 Queensland v JL Holdings Pty Ltd (1997) 189 CLR 146; 71 ALJR 294 ... r Pt31.40, CPA 64.20, SCA 101.120, SC Gen 5, SCR 51.0.120 Queensland Mines Ltd v Hudson (1976) CLC 40-266 .............................................................................................. r 33.9.140 Quest Rose Hill Pty Ltd v The Owners Strata Plan No 64025 [2016] NSWSC 978 .............................................. r 20.24.60 Qureshi v John Fairfax Publications Pty Ltd [2012] NSWSC 1605 ........................................................................... r 15.3.40

R R v Australian Broadcasting Tribunal; Ex parte Hardiman (1980) 144 CLR 13; 54 ALJR 314 .... r 6.11.60, r 6.35.80, SCA 65.20, SCR 54.0.80 R v Bahsa (2002) 138 A Crim R 245; [2003] NSWCCA 36 .................................................................................... r 31.28.80 R v Baines [1909] 1 KB 258 ...................................................................................................................................... r 33.4.120 R v Barnardo (1889) 23 QBD 305 ......................................................................................................................... SCR 55.0.20 R v Barton [1981] 2 NSWLR 414 ............................................................................................................................ r 14.28.180 R v Burns (No 4) [1999] SASC 559 ............................................................................................................................ r 31.7.40 R v Cattell (1967) 86 WN (Pt 1) (NSW) 391; [1968] 1 NSWR 156 ........................................................................... r 8.2.60 R v Commonwealth Court of Conciliation and Arbitration; Ex parte Ozone Theatres (Aust) Ltd (1949) 78 CLR 389 ..................................................................................................................... SCA 69.60, SCR 54.0.140 R v Court of Petty Sessions (Tas); Ex Parte Davies Brothers Ltd (1998) 8 Tas R 283 ...................................... SCR 55.0.40 R v Davies [1906] 1 KB 32 .................................................................................................................................... DCA 199.20

[All references are to paragraph numbers.] lxxviii

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R

v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v

Giri (No 2) [2001] NSWCCA 234 .................................................................................................................... r 36.16.120 Goia (1988) 19 FCR 212; 35 A Crim R 473; 81 ALR 656 ............................................................................... r 42.1.300 Hay (1860) 175 ER 933; 2 F & F 4 ................................................................................................ r 21.3.180, r 22.2.160 Hove Justices; Ex parte Donne [1967] 2 All ER 1253; (1967) 131 JP 460 ...................................................... r 33.4.120 Inland Revenue Commissioners [1980] AC 952; [1980] 2 WLR 1; [1980] 1 All ER 80 ............................... SCA 75.40 John Fairfax & Sons Ltd [1983] 1 NSWLR 31 .................................................................................................... r 15.8.40 Judge; Ex parte Justices of the Isle of Ely [1931] 2 KB 442 ...................................................................... SCR 55.0.160 Kwok (2005) 64 NSWLR 335; 158 A Crim R 160; [2005] NSWCCA 245 ....................................................... r 4.2.100 Lefroy (1873) LR 8 QB 134 ............................................................................................................................ DCA 199.20 Lintrose Nominees Pty Ltd (2001) 4 VR 619; [2001] VSCA 140 .................................................................. r 14.14.220 Manos; Ex parte Samuels (1981) 28 SASR 262 ................................................................................................... r 15.1.60 Matthews (1887) 8 LR (NSW) 45; [1887] 3 WN (NSW) 89 ...................................................................... SCR 55.0.160 Mosely (1992) 28 NSWLR 735; 65 A Crim R 452 ..................................................................... DCA 6.20, DCA 166.60 Ngo (2001) 124 A Crim R 151; [2001] NSWSC 339 ........................................................................................ r 31.3.120 Ngo (2003) 57 NSWLR 55; [2003] NSWCCA 82 ............................................................................................. r 31.3.120 P (2001) 53 NSWLR 664; [2001] NSWCA 473 ............................................................................................. SCA 66.360 Rail Corp (NSW) [2012] NSWSC 832 ............................................................................................................. r 31.3.1000 Rigby (1956) 100 CLR 146; [1957] St R Qd 266 ................................................................................................ r 6.39.40 Rushbrook [1974] 1 NSWLR 699 .................................................................................................. SCA 49.60, SCA 49.80 Saleam (1989) 16 NSWLR 14; 39 A Crim R 406 ................................................................................................ r 33.9.80 St Pancras Assessment Committee (1877) 2 QBD 581 .......................................................................................... r 6.8.60 Takai (2004) 149 A Crim R 593; 42 MVR 473; [2004] NSWCCA 392 ........................................................... r 31.28.80 Tastan (1994) 75 A Crim R 498 ......................................................................................................... r 33.4.120, r 33.9.80 Taylor (2007) 169 A Crim R 543; [2007] NSWCCA 104 .................................................................................. r 18.1.160 Tyrone Justices [1917] 2 IR 437 .......................................................................................................................... DCA 8.40 West Australian Newspapers Ltd; Ex parte Director of Public Prosecutions (WA) (1996) 16 WAR 518 ........................................................................................................................................................... SCR 55.0.40 R v Wilkie (2005) 193 FLR 291; [2005] NSWSC 794 ............................................................................................. r 31.3.120 R v Yanner [1998] 2 Qd R 208; (1997) 98 A Crim R 51 ............................................................................................. r 8.2.60 R v Young (1999) 46 NSWLR 681; [1999] NSWCCA 166 ................................................................... r 21.3.200, r 22.2.180 R, Re [2000] NSWSC 886 ........................................................................................................................ r Pt57.40, r Pt57.140 R, Re [2014] NSWSC 1810 .......................................................................................................................................... r 7.13.40 RB, Re [2015] NSWSC 70 ......................................................................................................................................... r Pt57.200 RH v CAH [1984] 1 NSWLR 694 ............................................................................................................................... r Pt57.20 RL v NSW Trustee and Guardian (2012) 84 NSWLR 263; [2012] NSWCA 39 ..................................................... r Pt57.100 RL v NSW Trustee and Guardian (No 2) [2012] NSWCA 78 .................................................................................... r 6.30.40 RL & D Investments Pty Ltd v Bisby (2002) 37 MVR 479; [2002] NSWSC 1082 ............................................... r 50.3.260 RMG, Re [2014] NSWSC 845 .................................................................................................................................. r Pt56A.20 RW Miller & Co Pty Ltd v Krupp (Aust) Pty Ltd (1991) 32 NSWLR 152 ............................................................ r Pt17.150 Rabin v Mendoza & Co [1954] 1 WLR 271; [1954] 1 All ER 247 ...................................................... r 21.3.220, r 22.2.200 Radakovic v RG Cram & Sons Pty Ltd [1975] 2 NSWLR 751 ................................................... SCA 107.20, SCR 51.0.220 Radio Corp of America (RCA) v Rauland Corp (No 2) [1956] 1 QB 618 .............................................................. r 52.1.100 Rahisi Pty Ltd v Banzato [1996] ASC 56-346 ......................................................................................................... r 14.14.120 Rahman v Bimson [2010] NSWSC 338 .................................................................................................................... CPA 61.20 Rahman v Dubs [2012] NSWSC 1065 ..................................................................................................................... r 14.28.140 Rail Corp (NSW) v Leduva Pty Ltd [2007] NSWSC 800 ........................................................................................ r 42.1.300 Rail Corp (NSW) v Vero Insurance Ltd (No 2) [2012] NSWSC 926 ................................................................ Pt 20.Div3.20 Rail Corp NSW v Leduva Pty Ltd [2007] NSWSC 800 ............................................................................................. r 42.5.40 Railways, Commissioner for v Small (1938) 38 SR (NSW) 564 ............. r 33.4.60, r 33.4.100, r 33.4.140, r Pt33.40, DCA 126.20 Raja v Rubin [2000] Ch 274; [1999] 3 All ER 73; [1999] 3 WLR 606 .................................................................... r 42.5.40 Rajski v Carson (1988) 15 NSWLR 84 ...................................................................................................................... r 28.2.100 Rajski v Computer Manufacture & Design Pty Ltd [1982] 2 NSWLR 443 ........................................ r 42.21.90, r 42.21.110 [1983] 2 NSWLR 122 ............................................................................................................................ r 42.21.90, r 42.21.120 Rajski v Tectran Corp Pty Ltd [2003] NSWSC 476 ................................................................................................. CPA 27.20 Rajski v Tectran Corp Pty Ltd [2003] NSWSC 478 .................. r 20.6.40, CPA 26.40, CPA 26.140, CPA 30.40, CPA 31.20 Ralston v Bell & Smith (No 2) [2010] NSWSC 913 ................................................................................................ r 42.1.100 Ramsay v Featherston Resources Ltd [2013] NSWSC 1923 ...................................................................... r 26.1.60, r 26.1.80

[All references are to paragraph numbers.] ©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

lxxix

Table of Cases

TABLE OF CASES

TABLE OF CASES Ramsay v Pigram (1968) 118 CLR 271; 42 ALJR 89 ................................................................................................ r Pt14.20 Ramsay v Watson (1961) 108 CLR 642; 35 ALJR 301; [1963] ALR 134 ........................................ r 31.29.100, r 31.30.100 Ramsey v Hartley [1977] 2 All ER 673; [1977] 1 WLR 686 ................................................................................. r 42.21.140 Ramton v Cassin (1995) 38 NSWLR 88; 22 MVR 536 ............................................................. SCA 101.120, SCR 51.0.120 Ramton v Cassin (1996) 187 CLR 704; 70 ALJR 558 ............................................................... SCA 101.120, SCR 51.0.120 Rann v Olsen (2000) 76 SASR 450; 159 FLR 132; [2000] SASC 83 .................................................. r 21.3.200, r 22.2.180 Rapid Metal Developments (Aust) Pty Ltd v Rildean Pty Ltd (2009) 27 ACLC 1058; [2009] NSWSC 571 ............................................................................................................................................................. r 43.2.60 Rapid Metal Developments (Aust) Pty Ltd v Rosato [1971] Qd R 82 ....................................................................... r 46.3.20 Rapid Metal Developments (Australia) Pty Ltd v Rosato [1971] Qd R 82 ......................................................... SCR 48.0.20 Rappard v Williams [2013] NSWSC 1279 ................................................................................. r 7.13.40, r 7.14.50, r 7.14.60 Raulin v Fischer [1911] 2 KB 93 ............................................................................................................................... r 53.1.160 Raybos Australia Pty Ltd v Jones (1985) 2 NSWLR 47 ............................................................................................. r 4.2.100 Read v McEwen (No 2) [2007] NSWSC 862 ......................................................................................................... CPA 146.20 Reading v London School Board (1886) 16 QBD 686 ............................................................................................... r 43.2.60 Reading Australia Pty Ltd v Australian Mutual Provident Society (1999) 217 ALR 495; [1999] FCA 718 ................................................................................................................................................................... r 28.2.60 Reale Bros Pty Ltd v Reale (2003) 179 FLR 427; [2003] NSWSC 666 .................................................................... r 17.6.60 Reciprocal Enforcement of Judgments Act 1959 and the High Court of Borneo, Re (unreported, SC (Qld), Derrington J, 7 January 1984) ............................................................................................................... r 53.2.60 Red Lea Chickens v Tansey (unreported, NSW Ct of Appeal, 17 July 1995) ....................................................... CPA 136.20 Redden v Chapman (1949) 50 SR (NSW) 24 .............................................................................................................. r 42.1.62 Redditch Benefit Building Society v Roberts [1940] Ch 415; [1940] 1 All ER 342 ............................................... r 16.3.120 Rederiv Rolimpex [1974] QB 233 .................................................................................................................................. r Pt9.60 Rediffusion (Hong Kong) Ltd v Attorney-General of Hong Kong [1970] AC 1136 .............................................. SCA 75.20 Redmond v Uebergang [1984] 1 NSWLR 311 ............................................................................................................ r 22.2.40 Reed Constructions Australia Pty Ltd v Eire Contractors Pty Ltd [2009] NSWSC 678 ............................................. r 3.7.80 Refco Capital Markets Ltd v Credit Suisse First Boston Ltd [2001] EWCA Civ 1733 .......................................... r 52.1.100 Regency Media v AAV Australia Pty Ltd [2009] NSWCA 368 ................................................................................ r 42.15.70 Regency Media Pty Ltd v AAV Australia Pty Ltd [2009] NSWCA 368 ............................................... r 42.15.50, r 42.15.70 Regie Nationale des Usines Renault SA v Zhang (2002) 210 CLR 491; 76 ALJR 551; 187 ALR 1; 35 MVR 1; [2002] Aust Torts Reports 81-646; [2002] AIPC 91-786; 23 NSWCCR 207; [2002] HCA 10 .............................................................................. r 6.43.60, r 11.7.60, r 14.14.100, r 44.6.60, CPA 65.20 Registrar of Court of Appeal v Collins [1982] 1 NSWLR 682 ............................................................................. DCA 199.20 Registrar of Court of Appeal v Maniam (No 1) (1991) 25 NSWLR 459 ............................................................. DCA 203.40 Registrar of Court of Appeal v Willesee [1984] 2 NSWLR 378 ........................................................................ SCR 55.0.120 Registrar of Supreme Court, Equity Division v McPherson [1980] 1 NSWLR 688 ............................... r 33.12.40, r 34.2.60 Reichel v Magrath (1889) 14 App Cas 665 ............................................................................................................. r 14.28.180 Reliable Roof Treatments Pty Ltd v Citra Constructions Pty Ltd [1974] 1 NSWLR 285 ....................................... r 14.12.40 Reliance Financial Services New South Wales Pty Ltd v Griffiths [2010] NSWSC 1490 ...................................... r 35.9.200 Reliance Financial Services Pty Ltd v Baddock [2002] NSWSC 857 ............................ r 31.13.80, r 31.13.100, r 31.13.120 Reliance Financial Services Pty Ltd v Lemery Holdings Pty Ltd [2006] NSWSC 1417 ......................... r 41.3.40, r Pt41.20 Remington v Scoles [1897] 2 Ch 1 ............................................................................................................................ r 14.28.80 Remm Construction (SA) Pty Ltd v Allco Newsteel Pty Ltd (1992) 57 SASR 180 ............................................... r 42.21.60 Remuneration Planning Corp Pty Ltd v Fitton [2001] NSWSC 1208 ..................................................................... CPA 26.20 Render v Gleeson [1999] NSWCA 154 .......................................... r 12.7.120, r 12.11.160, r 13.1.140, r 13.4.260, r 45.2.60 Reof 1st Fleet Pty Limited (in liq) [2017] NSWSC 506 ........................................................................................... r 42.19.40 Reserve Rifle Club Inc v NSW Rifle Association Inc [2010] NSWSC 351 ............................................................... r 42.7.80 Residents Against Improper Development Inc v Chase Property Investments Pty Ltd [2006] NSWSC 623 ............................................................................................................................................................. r 42.5.40 Resort Hotels Management Pty Ltd v Resort Hotels of Australia Pty Ltd (1991) 22 NSWLR 730 .................... SCA 66.200 Rexam Australia Pty Ltd v Optimum Metallising Pty Ltd [2002] NSWSC 916 ...................................................... r 13.4.220 Reynette-James, Re [1976] 1 WLR 161; [1975] 3 All ER 1037 .......................................................................... SCR 78.0.60 Reynolds v Hall (1908) 25 WN (NSW) 85 .............................................................................................................. DCA 44.20 Rhodes v Christine Elizabeth Fletcher & Quasar Professionals Act Pty Ltd [2000] NSWSC 797 .... r 20.14.60, r 20.24.140 Riabkoff v Abernergy Properties Pty Ltd [2012] NSWSC 724 ................................................................................... r Pt43.60 Rich v Australian Securities & Investments Commission (2004) 220 CLR 129; 78 ALJR 1354; [2004] HCA 42 ............................................................................................................. r 21.3.160, r 22.2.140, SCA 75.180

[All references are to paragraph numbers.] lxxx

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

Rich v Long [2008] NSWSC 487 ................................................................................................................ r 1.12.50, r 6.2.100 Richard v Branson [1914] 1 Ch 968 ............................................................................................................ r 7.24.60, r 7.24.80 Richards v Cornford (2010) 76 NSWLR 572; [2010] NSWCA 99 ................................ CPA 23.60, DCA 51.40, DCA 51.60 Richards v Cornford (No 3) [2010] NSWCA 134 ....................................................................................................... r 1.12.40 Richards v Kadian [2005] NSWCA 373 ....................................................................................................................... r 42.7.80 Richards v Withers [2010] NSWSC 1158 .................................................................................................................... r 27.1.60 Richardson Pacific Ltd v Fielding (1990) 26 FCR 188 ................................................................................................. r 5.4.40 Richerson (No 2), Re [1893] 3 Ch 146 ........................................................................................................................ r 7.10.40 Rickshaw Investments Ltd v Nicolai Baron von Uexkull [2006] SGCA 39; [2007] 3 LRC 223 ........................... r 6.43.100 Riddle v McPherson (1995) 37 NSWLR 338 ....................................................................................................... CPA 100.100 Ridehalgh v Horsefield [1994] Ch 205 ...................................................................................................................... CPA 99.40 Rigato Farms Pty Ltd v Ridolfi [2001] 2 Qd R 455; [2000] QCA 292 ...................................................................... r 12.6.60 Riley v Lysaught [1983] 3 NSWLR 368; (1983) 13 A Crim R 54 ....................................................................... SCA 75A.40 Riley v Riley [1975] 1 NSWLR 244 ................................................................................................. DCA 76.20, DCA 186.40 Riley, Re [2016] NSWSC 1676 .................................................................................................................................... r Pt55.40 Riley McKay Pty Ltd v McKay [1982] 1 NSWLR 264 .................................................................... DCA 46.20, SCA 66.240 Rinehart v Welker [2011] NSWCA 403 ....................................................................................................................... r 4.2.100 Ring-Grip (Australasia) Pty Ltd v HPM Industries Pty Ltd [1971] 1 NSWLR 798; (1971) 19 FLR 369 ............................................................................................................................................................................ r 22.2.40 Riot Nominees Pty Ltd v Suzuki Australia Pty Ltd (1981) 52 FLR 265; 34 ALR 653 .................... r 42.21.120, r 42.21.140 Rippon v Chilcotin Pty Ltd (2001) 53 NSWLR 198; [2001] NSWCA 142 ............................................................. r 13.4.160 Ritchie v Gumley (1953) 55 SR (NSW) 334; 72 WN (NSW) 298; 50 QJP 31 .............................. CPA 140.20, CPA 140.40 Ritchie-Lowe v Australian Conference Association Ltd [2001] NSWCA 447 ...................................................... SCA 106.20 Ritter v Godfrey [1920] 2 KB 47 ................................................................................................................ r 42.1.60, r 42.1.62 Ritz Hotel Ltd v Charles of the Ritz Ltd (No 8) (1987) 12 IPR 75 ....................................... r 12.1.40, r 12.1.60, r 12.1.120 Riz v Perpetual Trustee Australia Ltd [2007] NSWSC 1488 .................................................................................... r 42.1.100 Roach v B & W Steel Pty Ltd (1991) 23 NSWLR 110 .......................................................................................... r 36.15.120 Roads & Traffic Authority (NSW) v Australian National Car Parks Pty Ltd (2007) 47 MVR 502; [2007] NSWCA 114 .................................................................................................................................................. r 5.2.40 Roads & Traffic Authority (NSW) v Care Park Pty Ltd [2012] NSWCA 35 ................................................ r 5.2.40, r Pt5.40 Roads & Traffic Authority (NSW) v Comerford [2000] NSWSC 163 ......................................... SCA 106.40, SCR 51.0.200 Roads & Traffic Authority (NSW) v Comerford [2001] NSWSC 293 ..................................................................... r 20.14.60 Roads & Traffic Authority (NSW) v McGregor (No 2) [2005] NSWCA 453 ......................................... r 42.1.55, r 42.1.120 Roads & Traffic Authority (NSW) v Palmer (No 2) [2005] NSWCA 140 ............................................................... r 42.1.100 Roads & Traffic Authority (NSW) v Welling [2000] NSWCA 360 ........................................................................ r 20.24.120 Roads & Traffic Authority (NSW) v Welling (2003) 37 MVR 309; [2003] NSWCA 14 ........... SCA 106.40, SCR 51.0.200 Roads and Traffic Authority (NSW) v Refrigerated Roadways Pty Ltd (No 2) [2009] NSWCA 336 .................... r 42.15.50 Roads and Traffic Authority of NSW v Dederer (2007) 234 CLR 330; 81 ALJR 1773; 238 ALR 761; [2007] HCA 42 .............................................................................................................................................. r 42.1.100 Roads and Traffic Authority of NSW v Turner (No 2) [2008] NSWCA 241 ........................................................... r 42.15.70 Roadshow Entertainment Pty Ltd v (ACN 053 006 269) Pty Ltd (formerly CEL Home Video Pty Ltd) (1997) 42 NSWLR 462 ................................................................................................................................ CPA 21.40 Robb Evans v European Bank Ltd (No 2) [2009] NSWCA 170 .............................................................................. r 42.15.50 Roberts, Re; Ex parte Metropolitan Water, Sewerage & Drainage Board (1932) 33 SR ( NSW) 142; 50 WN (NSW) 75 ....................................................................................................................................... DCA 44.20 Robinson v Campbell (No 2) (1992) 30 NSWLR 503 .................................................................. SCA 106.40, SCR 51.0.200 Robowash Pty Ltd v Robowash Finance Pty Ltd (2000) 158 FLR 338; 19 ACLC 393; [2000] WASCA 409 ............................................................................................................................................................. r 35.6.40 Rochfort v Trade Practices Commission (1982) 153 CLR 134; 57 ALJR 31; 43 ALR 659; [1982] ATPR 40-322; [1982] HCA 66 .......................................................................................................... r 33.3.100, r 33.3.120 Rockcote Enterprises Pty Ltd v FS Architects Pty Ltd [2008] NSWCA 39 .............................................. r 17.7.60, r 42.1.70 Rockcote Enterprises Pty Ltd v FS Architects Pty Ltd (No 2) [2008] NSWCA 205 ............................................... r 42.15.80 Rockdale City Council v Micro Developments Pty Ltd [2008] Aust Torts Reports 81-954; [2008] NSWCA 128 .......................................................................................................................................................... r 42.1.120 Rodgers v Rodgers (1964) 114 CLR 608; 38 ALJR 27 ............................................................................................ r 21.3.220 Rogers v The Queen (1994) 181 CLR 251; 74 A Crim R 462 ............................................................................... r 14.14.200 Rogers, Re; Ex Parte Sheriff [1911] 1 KB 641 ............................................................................................................ r 43.6.60

[All references are to paragraph numbers.] ©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

lxxxi

Table of Cases

TABLE OF CASES

TABLE OF CASES Rolls Royce Industrial Power (Pacific) Ltd v James Hardie & Coy Pty Ltd (2001) 53 NSWLR 626; [2001] NSWCA 461 ................................................................................................................... r 42.15.50, r 42.15.80 Romeo v Papalia [2012] NSWCA 221 ......................................................................................................................... r 18.1.60 Ronald v Harper (1913) 19 ALR 263; [1913] VLR 311 .......................................................................... r 42.5.40, r 53.7.180 Rondel v Worsley [1967] 1 QB 443 ......................................................................................................................... r 14.28.200 Ronowska v Kus (No 2) (2012) 221 A Crim R 261; [2012] NSWSC 817 ............................................... r 40.7.40, r 40.7.50 Rookes v Barnard [1964] AC 1129 ........................................................................................................... r 15.8.40, r 53.1.160 Rose v Boxing NSW Inc [2007] NSWSC 256 ............................................................................................................ r 42.1.62 Rosebanner Pty Ltd v Energy Australia (2009) 223 FLR 406; [2009] NSWSC 43 .................................................. r Pt35.40 Rosebanner Pty Ltd v EnergyAustralia (No 2) [2011] NSWCA 150 ..................................................... r 42.15.70, r 42.15.80 Rosenfield Nominees Pty Ltd v Bain & Co (1988) 14 ACLR 467 ......................................................................... r 42.21.110 Rosenthal v Rosenthal [1911] VLR 277; (1910) 11 CLR 87; 16 ALR 455; [1910] HCA 47 ................................. r 42.25.40 Rosewood Research Pty Ltd, Re [2014] NSWSC 449 ................................................................................................ r Pt55.40 Rosniak v Government Insurance Office (1997) 41 NSWLR 608; 26 MVR 204; [1997] Aust Torts Reports 81-440 ...................................................................................................................................... r 42.1.120, r 42.5.40 Rosseau Pty Ltd (in liq) v Jay-O-Bees Pty Ltd (in liq) (2004) 50 ACSR 565; [2004] NSWSC 818 ....................... r 18.1.40 Rothmans of Pall Mall (Overseas) v Saudi Arabian Airlines Corp [1981] 1 QB 368; [1980] 3 WLR 642; [1980] 3 All ER 359 ............................................................................................................................. r 12.5.40 Rouse v Shepherd (No 2) (1994) 35 NSWLR 277 ...................................................................................................... r 42.5.40 Rowland v Portus (1906) 6 SR (NSW) 74 ................................................................................................................... r 42.1.62 Rowlands v MacDonald [2002] NSWSC 282 ............................................................................................................ r 26.1.110 Rowlands v New South Wales (2009) 74 NSWLR 715; [2009] NSWCA 136 ........................ r 23.4.40, r 23.7.60, r 23.9.20 Roy v Roy [2004] NSWSC 463 ............................................................................................................................... CPA 26.100 Royal Automobile Club of Victoria v Paterson [1968] VR 508 ............................................................................ SCA 66.340 Royal Guardian Management Pty Ltd v Nguyen [2015] NSWCA 148 ............................................. r 42.21.110, r 42.21.400 Ruddock v Vadarlis (No 2) (2001) 115 FCR 229; 188 ALR 143; [2001] FCA 1865 ................................................ r 42.1.62 Ruffino v Grace Bros Pty Ltd [1980] 1 NSWLR 732 .............................................................................................. CPA 95.20 Rufo v Hosking (2004) 61 NSWLR 678; [2004] NSWCA 391 ................................................................................ r 20.26.80 Rugby Union Players Assn v Byron Shire Council (unreported, NSW Sup Ct, Giles J, 30 July 1997) ................................................................................................................................................ r 42.21.140, r 42.21.200 Rumble v Liverpool Plains Shire Council [2015] NSWCA 125 ................................................................................. r 17.3.30 Rushcutters Bay Smash Repairs Pty Ltd v H McKenna Netmakers Pty Ltd [2003] NSWSC 670 ......................... r 42.1.100 Russell v Edwards (No 2) [2006] NSWCA 52 ....................................................................................... r 42.15.50, r 42.15.80 Russell v Russell (1891) 17 VLR 729 .......................................................................................................................... r 46.4.20 Russo v Acebond Pty Ltd [2012] NSWSC 300 ....................................................................................................... r 50.2.1000 Russo v Russo (No 2) [2015] NSWSC 449 ............................................................................................................... r 42.1.100 Ryan v Federal Capital Press of Australia Pty Ltd (1990) 101 FLR 396 ................................................................... r Pt22.20 Ryan v Hansen (2000) 49 NSWLR 184; [2000] NSWSC 354 ............................................................................... r 14.14.220 Ryan v Ryan [2012] NSWSC 636 ........................................................................................................... r 25.11.20, r 55.11.20 Ryan v South Sydney Junior Rugby League Club Ltd [1975] 2 NSWLR 660 ........................................................ r 42.1.100 Ryan v Triguboff [1976] 1 NSWLR 588; [1976] 1 ACLR 337; [1976] CLC 28476 ............ SCA 65.20, SCR 54.0.60, SCR 54.0.80, SCR 54.0.120 Ryde City Council v Tourtouras [2007] NSWCA 218 ............................................................................................. r 20.24.180

S S v South Eastern Sydney & Illawarra Area Health Service [2010] NSWSC 178 .................................................... r Pt57.40 S, Re [1984] 3 NSWLR 341 ......................................................................................................................................... r Pt57.20 S & M Motor Repairs Pty Ltd v Caltex Oil (Aust) Pty Ltd (1988) 12 NSWLR 358; 91 FLR 175; 11 IPR 97 ............................................................................................................................................................. r 20.20.120 SA Consortium General Textiles v Sun & Sand Agencies [1978] 1 QB 279 .......................................... r 53.1.160, r 53.3.80 SA Cryonic Medical, Re [2002] VSC 338 ................................................................................................................... r 53.2.20 SAB Closed 1 Pty Ltd v Bees & Honey Pty Ltd; Bees & Honey Pty Ltd v SAB Closed 1 Pty Ltd [2015] NSWSC 1162 ............................................................................................................................................ CPA 98.80 SCA Properties Pty (in liq), Re (1999) 17 ACLC 1611; [1999] QSC 180 ................................................................. r 42.5.40 SCF Finance Co Ltd v Masri [1985] 1 WLR 876; [1985] 2 All ER 747 ............................................................. SCA 66.240 SDW v Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (2008) 222 FLR 86; [2008] NSWSC 1249 ............................ r 42.1.62 SLE Worldwide Australia Pty Ltd v Wyatt Gallagher Bassett Pty Ltd [2005] NSWSC 816 .................................... r 12.6.60

[All references are to paragraph numbers.] lxxxii

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

SLJ v RTJ [2017] NSWSC 137 ................................................................................................................. r Pt57.100, Pt57.170 SMEC Testing Services Pty Ltd v Campbelltown City Council [2000] NSWCA 323 ............................................ r 42.15.80 Saad v TWT Ltd (1995) 38 AILR 5-038 ...................................................................................................................... r 22.6.40 Sabah Yazgi v Permanent Custodians Ltd (No 2) [2007] NSWCA 306 ............................................... r 42.1.120, CPA 98.40 Sagacious Procurement Ltd v Mayne Group Ltd [2005] NSWSC 1238 ................................................................. CPA 65.20 Sagacious Procurement Pty Ltd v Symbion Health Ltd [2007] NSWCA 205 ....................................................... r 42.21.310 Sahab Holdings Pty Ltd v Registrar General (2009) 75 NSWLR 629; [2009] NSWSC 1143 .................................. r 6.11.60 St George Bank Ltd v Rabo Australia Ltd (2004) 211 ALR 147; [2004] FCA 1360 .................................................. r 5.3.60 St George Commercial Credit Corp Ltd v Wallis [2001] NSWSC 23 ....................................................... r 18.1.40, r 18.1.60 Sakr v Mercantile Mutual Insurance (2000) 32 MVR 427; [2000] NSWCA 266 .................................................. DCA 81.20 Salfa Pty Ltd (in liq), Re [2014] NSWSC 1493 .......................................................................................................... r 16.1.40 Salvation Army v Rundle [2008] NSWCA 347 ........................................................................................................... r 42.1.65 Salzke v Khoury (2009) 74 NSWLR 580; [2009] NSWCA 195 ............ r 31.19.120, r 31.19.1000, r 31.36.40, r 31.36.80, r 31.36.100, r 31.36.120, r 31.36.1000, CPA 14.1000 Samad v District Court (NSW) (2002) 209 CLR 140; 76 ALJR 871; [2002] HCA 24 ................ SCA 69.40, SCR 54.0.120 Samimi v Seyedabadi [2013] NSWCA 279 ............................................................................................................... r 25.14.20 Samootin v Shea [2004] NSWCA 115 ......................................................................................................................... r 33.2.40 San v Rumble (No 2) (2007) 48 MVR 492; [2007] NSWCA 259 ........................................................................... r 42.13.40 Sanders v Constantine [2006] NSWSC 534 .............................................................................................................. CPA 28.80 Sanderson v Blyth Theatre Co [1903] 2 KB 533 ...................................................................................... r 6.21.40, r 42.1.100 Sanderson v Sakr [2017] NSWCA 38 .......................................................................................................................... r 26.4.60 Sanderson Motors Pty Ltd v Kirby [2000] NSWSC 924 ....................................................................................... CPA 140.20 Sandtara Pty Ltd v Abigroup Ltd (1997) 42 NSWLR 5 ....................................................... r 9.5.80, r 14.14.220, CPA 22.80 Sankey v Whitlam (1978) 142 CLR 1; 53 ALJR 11; 21 ALR 505 ........... r 21.3.200, r 22.2.180, SCA 75.180, SCA 75.280 Saravinovska v Saravinovski (No 4) [2015] NSWSC 64 ............................................................................................ r 7.14.50 Saravinovska v Saravinovski (No 5) [2015] NSWSC 128 .......................................................................................... r 7.16.40 Sarelius v Tao (unreported, NSWCA, 20 August 1991) ........................................................................................ SCA 75A.80 Sarikaya v Victorian WorkCover Authority (1997) 80 FCR 262 .................................................................................. r 4.5.40 Sarkis v Moussa [2011] NSWSC 1172 ....................................................................................................................... r 50.3.260 Sarkis v Moussa [2012] NSWCA 357 ........................................................................................................................ r 50.3.260 Sarkis, Re [2015] NSWSC 1369 .................................................................................................................................. r Pt55.40 Sasterawan v Morris (2007) 69 NSWLR 547; 174 A Crim R 514; [2007] NSWCCA 185 ...................................... r 6.39.40 Saxton, Re [1962] 1 WLR 859; [1962] 2 All ER 618 ............................................................................................... r 23.8.140 Saxton, Re [1962] 1 WLR 968; [1962] 3 All ER 92 ................................................................................................. r 31.46.40 Sayour v Elliott (No 2) [2018] NSWSC 146 .......................................................................................................... CPA 100.60 Sayseng v Kellogg Superannuation Pty Ltd [2007] NSWSC 1009 ........................................................................... r 42.1.100 Scanlon v Director-General Department of the Arts Sport & Recreation (2007) 70 NSWLR 1; [2007] NSWCA 204 ........................................................................................................................................... CPA 13.160 Scanruby Pty Ltd v Caltex Petroleum Pty Ltd [2001] NSWSC 411 ........................................................................ r 20.28.40 Scarborough v Lew’s Junction Stores Pty Ltd [1963] VR 129 ............................................................................... r 51.44.100 Schenck Australia Pty Ltd v Australian Coal Technology Pty Ltd [2006] NSWCA 211 ........................................ CPA 56.20 Schepis v Commonwealth [2012] NSWCA 398 ........................................................................................................ r 51.22.60 Schepis v Commonwealth of Australia [2013] NSWCA 354 .................................................................................... r 42.15.50 Schibaia v Elias [2013] NSWSC 1485 ..................................................................................................................... r 31.13.120 Schlam v WA Trustee Executor & Agency Co Ltd [1964] WAR 178 ........................................................................ r 21.3.50 Schmidt v Won [1998] 3 VR 435 ................................................................................................................ r 44.2.60, r 44.5.60 Schmierer v Keong [2005] NSWSC 1081 ............................................................................................... r 14.18.40, r 31.26.60 Schnabel v Lui (2002) 56 NSWLR 119; [2002] NSWSC 1184 .......................................................................... SCR 55.0.120 Schnabel v Lui [2002] NSWSC 15 ....................................................................................... r 53.1.160, r 53.1.180, r 53.7.200 Schwartz, Re [2015] NSWSC 1484 ............................................................................................................................. r Pt54.20 Scope Data Systems Pty Ltd v Agostini Jarrett Pty Ltd [2007] NSWSC 971 ......................................................... r 42.19.40 Scott v O’Riley [2007] NSWSC 192 ............................................................................................................................ r 42.5.40 Scott v Pedler (2003) 74 ALD 424; [2003] FCA 650 ............................................................................................ SCA 75.140 Scott v Scott (2012) 7 ASTLR 299; [2012] NSWSC 1541 ........................................................................................ r Pt57.60 Scott v Stansfield (1868) LR 3 Ex 220 .................................................................................................................... DCA 13.20 Scott v Tuff-Kote (Aust) Pty Ltd [1975] 1 NSWLR 537; [1976] 2 Lloyd’s Rep 103 ............................................... r 6.20.40 Scott MacRae Investments Pty Ltd v Baylily Pty Ltd [2011] NSWCA 82 ................................................................ r 17.7.40 Screenco Pty Ltd v RL Dew Pty Ltd (2003) 58 NSWLR 720 ................................................. CPA Pt7.Div3.40, CPA 100.40

[All references are to paragraph numbers.] ©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

lxxxiii

Table of Cases

TABLE OF CASES

TABLE OF CASES Sea Insurance Co Ltd v Carr [1901] 1 QB 7 .......................................................................................................... SCA 49.120 Seamez v McLaughlin [1999] NSWSC 9 .................................................................................................................... r Pt35.40 Seary v White (No 5 - Costs) [2008] NSWDC 21 .................................................................................................... r 42.15.50 Seas Sapfor Ltd v Far Eastern Shipping Co (1995) 39 NSWLR 435 .................................................................... CPA 65.400 Secretary, Department of Health and Community Services v B (1992) 175 CLR 218; [1992] HCA 15 .............................................................................................................................................................................. r Pt57.20 Secure Funding Pty Limited v StarkSecure Funding Pty Limited v Conway [2013] NSWSC 1536 ........................ r 42.5.40 Securities Exchanges Guarantee Corporation Ltd, Re [2016] NSWSC 76 ................................................................. r Pt55.40 Sedgwick Group Plc v Johns-Manville Fibreboard Corp [1985] 1 WLR 331; [1985] 1 All ER 716 ..................... r 52.1.140 Sedrak v Starr [2009] NSWSC 996 .............................................................................................................................. r 31.1.90 See v Hardman [2002] NSWSC 287 .......................................................................................................................... r 26.1.130 See v Lee (1899) 15 WN (NSW) 240 ...................................................................................................................... DCA 81.20 Segboer v AJ Richardson Properties Pty Ltd (2012) 16 BPR 31235; [2012] NSWCA 253 ........................................ r 9.5.80 Selke v Ray [1973] 2 NSWLR 282 ........................................................................................................................ SCR 69.0.40 Seller v Jones [2014] NSWCA 19 ............................................................................................................ r 42.1.57, CPA 98.30 Seltsam Pty Ltd v Energy Australia (1999) 17 NSWCCR 720; [1999] NSWCA 89 .................................. r 9.1.60, r 9.10.60 Seminars Australia Pty Ltd v ABN Amro Morgans Ltd [2006] ACTSC 101 ......................................................... r 42.21.140 Semler v Murphy [1968] Ch 183 .............................................................................................................................. r 42.21.140 Sengthong v Lao Buddhist Society of NSW Inc [2016] NSWSC 1408 ..................................................................... r 26.1.60 Senior v Holdsworth; Ex parte Independent Television News Ltd [1976] QB 23; [1975] 2 WLR 987; [1975] 2 All ER 1009 ............................................................................................. r 33.2.120, r 33.4.60, SCR 1.8.40 Sent v Jet Corp of Australia Pty Ltd [1984] 2 FCR 201; (1984) 54 ALR 237; 8 ACLR 979; 4 IPR 145; [1984] 3 ACLC 397 .................................................................................................................................... r 42.21.200 Serobian v Commonwealth Bank of Australia [2010] NSWSC 1165 ......................................................................... r 7.36.80 Servcorp (Aust) Pty Ltd v Abgarus Pty Ltd (1995) 38 NSWLR 281 ..................................................................... r 14.28.200 Seven Network (Operations) Ltd v Fitzgerald [2016] NSWSC 420 ........................................................................... r 25.3.80 Seven Network Ltd v News Ltd [2005] FCA 1630 ..................................................................................................... r 42.7.80 Seven Network Ltd v News Ltd [2007] ATPR (Digest) 46-274; [2007] FCA 1062 ................................................ r Pt21.100 Seven Network Ltd v News Ltd [2007] FCA 1489; (2007) 244 ALR 374 .............................................................. r 42.15.50 Seven Network Ltd v News Ltd (No 5) (2005) 216 ALR 147; [2005] FCA 510 ...................................................... r 34.2.40 Seven Sydney Pty Ltd v Fuji Xerox Australia Pty Ltd [2004] NSWSC 902 ........................................................... r 20.24.60 789TEN Pty Ltd v Westpac Banking Corp [2004] NSWSC 594 ......................................................... CPA 30.20, CPA 30.60 Severstal Export GmbH v Bhushan Steel Ltd [2013] NSWCA 102; (2013) 84 NSWLR 141 ................................ r 25.11.20 Shackles v Broken Hill Pty Co Ltd [1996] 2 VR 427 ........................................................................ r 42.21.110, r 42.21.120 Shang v Zhang (No 2) [2007] NSWSC 1355 ............................................................................................................ r 42.1.100 Shannon v Australia & New Zealand Banking Group Ltd (No 2) [1994] 2 Qd R 563 ......................................... r 42.21.110 Shannon v Australia and New Zealand Banking Group [1994] 2 Qd R 563 ......................................................... r 42.21.120 Shao Chun Bi v Mourad [2010] NSWCA 17 ....................................................................................... r Pt14.140, CPA Pt6.20 Shapowloff v Dunn [1973] 2 NSWLR 468 .................................................................. SCA 49.40, SCA 75.140, SCA 75.280 Sharjade Pty Ltd v RAAF (Landings) Ex-Servicemen Charitable Fund Pty Ltd [2008] NSWSC 1347 ...................................................................................................................................................... r 20.7.40, CPA 30.40 Sharkawy v Toman [2007] NSWSC 621 ................................................................................................. r 31.18.80, r 31.23.40 Sharpe v Hargraves Secured Investments Ltd [2013] NSWCA 288 ........................................................................... r 7.36.40 Sharpe v Smail (1975) 49 ALJR 130 ......................................................................................... r 22.2.40, r 22.3.60, r 22.3.80 Shaw v Kirby (1888) 4 TLR 314 ............................................................................................................................... r 39.30.60 Shaw v New South Wales (2012) 219 IR 87; [2012] NSWCA 102 ...................................................... r 13.4.120, r 13.4.130 Shaw v Shaw [1954] 2 QB 429 .................................................................................................................................... r 14.7.80 Shedden v Patrick (1854) 1 Macq 535 ....................................................................................................................... r 53.7.180 Sheedy v State Asphalt Services Pty Ltd [2015] NSWSC 1532 ............................................................................ CPA 146.20 Sheen v Burke [1993] 1 VR 584 .................................................................................................................................... r 4.5.40 Shehata v Montague L Meyer Pty Ltd (1976) 136 CLR 681; 51 ALJR 77 ................................. SCA 107.20, SCR 51.0.220 Sheil v Doneley (1903) 3 SR (NSW) 60; 20 WN (NSW) 21 ..................................................................................... r 54.3.20 Shellharbour City Council v Minister for Planning (2011) 189 LGERA 348; [2011] NSWCA 195 ...................... r 31.19.40 Shepherd v Felt & Textiles of Australia Ltd (1931) 45 CLR 359; 37 ALR 194; 5 ALJ 110; [1931] HCA 359 ....................................................... r 31.13.40, r 31.13.60, r 31.13.120, r 31.13.1000, r 31.14.40, r 31.14.1000 Sheppard, In the Will of [1972] 2 NSWLR 714 .................................................................................................. SCR 78.0.160 Sherbourne Estate (No 2), Re (2005) 65 NSWLR 268 .................................................................................. CPA Pt7.Div2.60 Sherbourne Estate (No 2), Re (2005) 65 NSWLR 268; [2005] NSWSC 1003 ..................................... r 42.1.200, r 42.4.100

[All references are to paragraph numbers.] lxxxiv

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

Shield Mercantile Pty Ltd v Citigroup Pty Ltd [2013] NSWSC 287 ....................................................................... r 42.34.40 Shop Distributive & Allied Employees Assn v Minister for Industrial Affairs (SA) (1995) 183 CLR 552; 69 ALJR 558 .............................................................................................................. SCA 65.40, SCR 54.0.100 Short v Burn [2012] NSWSC 695 ................................................................................................................................ r Pt35.20 Short v Crawley [2004] NSWSC 1031 ......................................................................................................................... r 33.4.40 Showtime Touring Group Pty Ltd v Mosley Touring Inc (2013) 296 ALR 597; [2013] NSWCA 53 ...................... r 42.7.80 Sidney Raper Pty Ltd v Commonwealth Trading Bank of Australia [1975] 2 NSWLR 227; (1975) 25 FLR 217 ................................................................................................................................................................ r Pt9.60 Silver v Dome Resources NL [2005] NSWSC 265 ..................................................................................................... r 12.6.60 Simmons v NSW Trustee and Guardian [2012] NSWSC 455 .................................................................................. r 13.4.130 Sims v Wran [1984] 1 NSWLR 317 ................................................................... r 14.14.100, r 15.1.40, r 15.10.60, r Pt15.20 SingTel Optus Pty Ltd v Weston [2010] NSWSC 1491 .............................................................................................. r 34.2.40 SingTel Optus Pty Ltd v Weston (2011) 81 NSWLR 526; [2011] NSWSC 1083 ..................................................... r 34.2.40 Singapore Airlines Cargo Pte Ltd v Principle International Pty Ltd (No 2) [2017] NSWCA 340 .......................... r 42.35.40 Singer v Berghouse (1993) 67 ALJR 708; 114 ALR 521 ..................................................................... r 42.1.200, r 42.21.110 Singh v Singh [2002] NSWSC 852 .................................................................................... CPA 26.20, CPA 26.60, CPA 28.60 Singleton v Ffrench (1986) 5 NSWLR 425 ............................................................................................................ SCA 106.20 Singleton v John Fairfax & Sons Ltd [1983] 2 NSWLR 722 ................................................................................. r 14.14.100 Singleton v Macquarie Broadcasting Holdings Ltd (1991) 24 NSWLR 103 ............................................................. r 42.5.40 Sinopharm Jiangsu Co Pty Ltd v Bank of China [2007] NSWSC 484 ........................................................................ r 5.3.60 Sir Lindsay Parkinson & Co Settlement Trusts, Re [1965] 1 WLR 372; [1965] 1 All ER 609 ......................... SCR 68.0.40 Sirius Shipping Corp v The Ship Sunrise [2006] NSWSC 1393 ...................................... r 36.11.50, r 36.16.80, r 36.16.200 Sirius Shipping Corp v The Ship Sunrise [2007] NSWSC 766 .............................................................................. r 36.16.200 Sirtes v Pryer [2006] NSWSC 438 ............................................................................................................................... r 42.5.40 Siskina v Distos Compania Naviera SA [1979] AC 210 ......................................................................................... SC Gen 14 Siskina (Cargo Owners) v Distos Compania Naviera SA [1979] AC 210 ............................................................ SCA 66.240 Sivakumar v Pattison [1984] 2 NSWLR 78 ............................................................................................. r 1.21.40, SCA 51.20 Skalkos v Assaf (No 2) [2002] NSWCA 236 ....................................................................... r 42.15.40, r 42.15.50, r 42.15.80 Skouvakis v Skouvakis [1976] 2 NSWLR 29 ........................................................................................................ SCR 55.0.80 Skyworks v 32 Drummoyne Road [2017] NSWSC 343 ............................................................................................ r 25.11.20 Slater Walker Superannuation Pty Ltd v Great Boulder Gold Mines Ltd [1979] VR 107 ................................... SCA 66.120 Slaveski v Victoria (2009) 25 VR 160; [2009] VSC 596 ............................................................................................ r 7.14.50 Slim v Kabra [2006] NSWSC 837 ............................................................................................................................. r 42.1.300 Slocomb Investments Pty Ltd v JH & EJ Williams Pty Ltd [2010] NSWSC 918 ................................................ CPA 107.45 Smail v Burton; Re Insurance Associates Pty Ltd (in liq) (1975) 1 ACLR 74 ...................................................... r 42.21.400 Smallacombe v Lockyer Investment Co Pty Ltd (1993) 42 FCR 97; 114 ALR 568 ............................................... r 42.15.80 Smilevska v Smilevska [2015] NSWSC 1794 ............................................................................................................. r 7.14.50 Smith v Harris [1939] 3 All ER 960 ........................................................................................................................ DCA 81.20 Smith v NRMA Insurance Ltd [2016] NSWCA 250 ................................................................................................. r Pt57.200 Smith v NRMA Insurance Ltd [2017] NSWCA 250 ................................................................................................... r 7.14.65 Smith v Nixon (1885) 7 ALT 74 ................................................................................................................................. r 43.2.100 Smith v Pattison (1934) 51 WN (NSW) 137 ........................................................................................................... DCA 48.60 Smith v Yusen Daly Smith International (in liq ) (2001) 53 NSWLR 385; [2001] NSWCA 458 ........................... r Pt 51.20 Smith v Yusen Daly Smith International Pty Ltd (in liq) (2001) 53 NSWLR 385; [2001] NSWCA 458 .................................................................................................. SCA 101.20, SCA 101.80, SCR 51.0.20, SCR 51.0.80 Sneddon v New South Wales [2012] NSWCA 351 ..................................................................................................... r 16.7.45 Snowy Mountains Hydro-Electric Authority v Cicic (1964) 81 WN (Pt 1) (NSW) 232; [1965] NSWR 23 ........................................................................................................................................................... DCA 126.20 Social Security, Department of v Hodgson (1992) 37 FCR 32; 27 ALD 309; 108 ALR 322 ................ r 21.8.40, r 21.12.40 Society of Lloyd’s v Marich (2004) 139 FCR 560; [2004] FCA 1502 ..................................................... r 53.3.80, r 53.8.20 Soh v Commonwealth (2006) 231 ALR 425; [2006] FCA 575 .............................................................................. r 42.21.110 Soil Conservation Authority v Read [1979] VR 557 .............................................................................................. SCA 66.220 Solicitor’s Bill of Costs, Re (1941) 58 WN (NSW) 132 ........................................................................................... r 42.1.300 Solicitor’s Bill of Costs, Re; Re Shanahan (1941) 58 WN (NSW) 132 ..................................................................... r 42.5.40 Solution 6 Holdings Ltd v Industrial Relations Commission (NSW) (2004) 60 NSWLR 558; 137 IR 213; [2004] NSWCA 200 ............................................................................................................................... SCA 69.40 Somportex Ltd v Philadelphia Chewing Gum Corp [1968] 3 All ER 26 ................................................................... r 12.5.40 Sonda v Signorelli [2004] NSWCA 134 ................................................................. DCA 126.40, SCA 102.20, SCR 51.0.180

[All references are to paragraph numbers.] ©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

lxxxv

Table of Cases

TABLE OF CASES

TABLE OF CASES Sons of Gwalia Ltd v Margaretic (2006) 232 ALR 119; [2006] FCAFC 92 ........................................................... r 42.25.40 Soo v Soo [2016] NSWSC 1666 .................................................................................................................................. r Pt55.40 Sood v Christianos (2008) 14 BPR 26101; [2008] NSWSC 1087 .............................................................................. r 27.2.20 Sophron v Nominal Defendant (1957) 96 CLR 469; 31 ALJ 395 .......................................... r 49.3.40, r 49.7.40, r 49.18.40 Soulemezis v Dudley (Holdings) Pty Ltd (1987) 10 NSWLR 247 ............................................................................. r 36.2.60 South v Northern Sydney Area Health Service [2003] NSWSC 479 ......................................................................... r 7.18.40 South Eastern Sydney Area Health Service v King [2006] NSWCA 2 ................................................. r 42.15.50, r 42.15.80 South Eastern Sydney Area Health Service v King (No 2) [2006] NSWCA 73 ...................................................... r 42.15.80 South Sydney Council v Walsh (No 2) [2003] NSWCA 111 .................................................................................... r 20.26.60 Southern Cross Exploration NL v Fire & All Risks Insurance Co Ltd (1985) 1 NSWLR 114 ........ r 42.21.100, r 42.21.110 Southern Cross Exploration NL v Fire & All Risks Insurance Co Ltd [1985] 2 NSWLR 340 ............... r 15.1.60, r Pt15.20 Southern Cross Exploration NL v Fire & All Risks Insurance Co Ltd (No 2) [1986] 4 NSWLR 491 ............................................................................................................................................................................ r 12.7.40 Southern Pacific Hotel Services Inc v Southern Pacific Hotel Corp Ltd [1984] 1 NSWLR 710; [1984] 2 ACLC 483 ...................................................................................... r 33.3.100, r 33.4.100, r 33.4.120, r 33.4.140 Southern Textile Converters Pty Ltd v Stehar Knitting Mills Pty Ltd [1979] 1 NSWLR 692 ............................... CPA 22.40 Southwell v Bennett [2010] NSWSC 1372 .................................................................................................................. r 28.2.60 Sovereignton Pty Ltd v Public Transport Commission (NSW) [1980] 1 NSWLR 243 ............................................. r 6.23.40 Spain v Union Steamship Co of New Zealand Ltd (1923) 32 CLR 138; 29 ALR 311 ............................................... r 6.3.60 Spalla v St George Motor Finance Ltd (No 8) [2006] FCA 1537 .............................................................................. r 42.5.40 Spanos by his tutor Spanos v Thornberry [2013] NSWDC 193 ............................................................................... r 42.35.40 Spedding v Nobles (No 2) (2007) 69 NSWLR 100; [2007] NSWCA 87 ........................................... r 36.4.100, CPA 101.20 Speedo Holdings BV v Evans (No 2) [2011] FCA 1227 ............................................................................................. r 40.8.60 Spellson v George (1987) 11 NSWLR 300 .................................................................................................................. r 7.14.60 Spellson v George (1992) 26 NSWLR 666 ............................................................................................... r 13.4.40, r 13.4.120 Spencer v Commonwealth (2010) 241 CLR 118; 84 ALJR 612; [2010] HCA 28 ................................ r 13.4.120, r 13.4.130 Spencer Motors Pty Ltd v LNC Industries Ltd [1982] 2 NSWLR 921 ............. r 33.4.100, r 33.4.120, r 33.4.140, r 34.2.40 Sperling v Sperling [2015] NSWSC 286 ...................................................................................................................... r 7.14.40 Spies v Commonwealth Bank of Australia (1991) 24 NSWLR 691 ...................................................... r 14.14.120, r 18.1.60 Spiliada Maritime Corp v Cansulex Ltd [1987] AC 460; [1986] 3 WLR 972; [1986] 3 All ER 843 ........................ r 8.2.60 Spinoccia Compressor & Air Tools Sales & Services Pty Ltd v Challenger Managed Investments Ltd (2010) 78 ATR 185; [2010] NSWSC 1310 ..................................................................................................... r Pt35.20 Spotlight Pty Ltd v Maintek Roofing Pty Ltd [2017] NSWSC 165 ............................................................................. r 7.1.50 Spring v Sydney South West Area Health Services [2009] NSWSC 420 ................................................................. r 20.26.80 Spurling’s Will Trusts, Re; Philpot v Philpot [1966] 1 All ER 745; 1WLR 920 ..................................................... r 42.25.40 Squire v Pardoe (1891) 40 WR 100; 66 LT 243 ........................................................................................................ r 42.25.40 Squire v Rogers (1979) 39 FLR 106; 27 ALR 330 ............................................................................................... SCR 48.0.40 Squire v Squire [1972] Ch 391 ................................................................................................................................... r 14.23.40 Sroka v Gorbal (1980) 25 SASR 356 ........................................................................................................................... r 22.2.60 Stace v Commonwealth (1988) 49 SASR 492 ............................................................................................................. r 23.9.60 Stace v Commonwealth (1989) 51 SASR 391 ............................................................................................................. r 23.4.60 Staff Development & Training Centre Pty Ltd v Commonwealth [2005] FCA 1643 ............................................ r 42.21.110 Stamoulos v Constantinidis [2017] NSWSC 1808 ..................................................................................................... r 20.14.60 Stanbridge’s Application, Re (1996) 70 ALJR 640 ............................................................................................. SCR 54.0.200 Standard Chartered Bank of Australia v Antico (1993) 36 NSWLR 87 ................................................................... r 21.3.140 Standard Commodities Pty Ltd v Societe Socintar Department Centragel (2005) 54 ACSR 489; [2005] NSWSC 294 ............................................................................................................................................... r 53.1.100 Stanilite Pacific Ltd v Seaton (No 2) [2005] NSWCA 412 .................................................................................... CPA 100.40 Stanley-Hill v Kool [1982] 1 NSWLR 460 ................................................................................................. r 35.2.40, r 45.6.40 Stanoevski v The Queen (2001) 202 CLR 115; 75 ALJR 454; 118 A Crim R 247; 177 ALR 285; [2001] HCA 4 .......................................................................................................................................................... r 31.5.60 Stanton v The Owners - Strata Plan No 60724 [2010] NSWSC 175 ........................................................................... r Pt9.60 Star v National Australia Bank Ltd (1999) 150 FLR 119; [1999] NSWSC 305 ..................................................... CPA 65.20 Starceavich v Swart & Associates Pty Ltd (2006) 12 BPR 98204; [2006] NSWSC 960 .......................................... r Pt41.20 Starr v National Coal Board [1977] 1 All ER 243; [1977] 1 WLR 63 ...................................................................... r 23.9.20 State Advances Recovery Office of Republic of South Africa v Fine (1968) 87 WN (Pt 1) (NSW) 445; [1968] 1 NSWR 702 ......................................................................................................................................... r 6.3.60 State Bank of New South Wales v Brown (2001) 38 ACSR 715; [2001] NSWCA 223 ..................................... SCA 75A.80

[All references are to paragraph numbers.] lxxxvi

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

State Bank of New South Wales v Freeman (unreported, NSWSC, Badgery-Parker J, 31 January 1996) ...................................................................................................................................................................... CPA 29.20 State Bank of New South Wales v Stenhouse Ltd [1997] Aust Torts Reports 81-423 .......................................... r 14.28.140 State Bank of New South Wales v White (1995) 36 NSWLR 622 ...................................................................... SCA 75A.60 State Bank of New South Wales Ltd v Chia [2000] NSWSC 552; (2000) 50 NSWLR 587 .................................... r 26.1.20 State Pollution Control Commission v Australian Iron & Steel Pty Ltd (No 2) (1992) 29 NSWLR 487 ........................................................................................................................................................ r Pt2.20, CPA Pt6.20 State Rail Authority (NSW) v Codelfa Construction Pty Ltd (1982) 150 CLR 29; 56 ALJR 800 ....................... r 36.16.120 State Rail Authority (NSW) v Earthline Constructions Pty Ltd (in liq) (1999) 73 ALJR 306; 160 ALR 588; [1999] HCA 3 .......................................................................................... r 31.1.1000, r 50.3.260, SCA 75A.80 State Rail Authority (NSW) v Smith [2000] NSWSC 334 ........................................................................................ r 50.3.260 State Revenue, Commissioner of v Uniqema Pty Ltd (2004) 9 VR 523; [2004] VSCA 82 ................................. CPA 102.80 State of Minnesota v Philip Morris Inc (unreported, EWCA (Civ)) ......................................................................... r 52.1.100 State of NSW v Tyszyk [2008] NSWCA 107 ..................................................................................... r 31.28.80, r 31.28.1000 State of New South Wales v Avery (2016) 92 NSWLR 141; [2016] NSWCA 147 ........................ CPA 100.40, CPA 100.80 State of New South Wales v Quirk [2012] NSWCA 216 .......................................................................................... r 42.34.40 State of New South Wales v Stanley [2007] NSWCA 330 ...................................................................................... CPA 98.40 State of Victoria v Sutton (1998) 195 CLR 291; 72 ALJR 1386 .............................................................................. r 52.1.220 Stateliner Pty Ltd v Legal & General Assurance Society Ltd (1981) 29 SASR 16 ................................................... r 22.6.40 Statewide Developments Realty Pty Ltd v The Owners Corporation SP77457 [2014] NSWSC 330 ................... r 42.21.600 Statham v Shephard (No 2) (1974) 23 FLR 244 ............................................................... r 7.12.40, r 42.1.100, SCR 68.0.60 Stedman v O’Hearn [2006] NSWSC 1122 ................................................................................................................... r 7.10.40 Steedman v Baulkham Hills Shire Council (No 2) (1993) 31 NSWLR 562 ...................................................... SCA 75A.180 Steele v Marshan [2012] HCASL 198 ........................................................................................................................ r 50.3.260 Steele v Marshan [2012] NSWCA 141 ....................................................................................................................... r 50.3.260 Steele v Marshan [2012] NSWSC 32 ......................................................................................................................... r 50.3.260 Steffen v ANZ Banking Group Ltd [2009] NSWSC 883 ............................................................................................ r 21.7.40 Stehar Knitting Mills Pty Ltd v Southern Textile Converters Pty Ltd [1980] 2 NSWLR 514 ................ r Pt9.40, CPA 21.20 Steinecke v Wayne [2011] NSWSC 428 ...................................................................................................................... r 7.10.40 Stephens v Giovenco (No 2) [2011] NSWCA 144 .................................................................................................... r 42.1.100 Sterling Pharmaceuticals Pty Ltd v The Boots Co (Aust) Pty Ltd (1992) 34 FCR 287 ....................... r 13.4.180, r 13.4.220 Stern v National Australia Bank Ltd [1999] FCA 1421 ............................................................................................ r 53.7.220 Stern v National Australia Bank Ltd (2000) 171 ALR 192; [2000] FCA 294 ......................................................... r 53.7.220 Stevedoring Industry Finance Committee v Gibson [2000] NSWCA 179 ................................................................ r 42.1.100 Stevens v Young [1973] 2 NSWLR 750 ...................................................................................................................... r 39.6.60 Stewart v Miller [1979] 2 NSWLR 128 ......................................................................................................................... r 5.2.20 Stewart v North Metropolitan Tramways Co (1886) 16 QBD 556 ............................................................................. r 42.6.40 Stewart v Ronalds [2009] NSWSC 455 ....................................................................................................................... r 28.2.40 Stewart v Sydney County Council [1973] 1 NSWLR 444 ............................................ r 9.9.60, SCA 108.20, SCR 51.0.240 Stillianesis v Stillianesis [2017] NSWSC 1189 ............................................................................................................ r 42.1.52 Stitt v Richards (1897) 18 LR (NSW) Eq 1; 13 WN (NSW) 145 ....................................................................... SCR 1A.2.40 Stockland (Constructors) Pty Ltd v Darryl I Coombs Pty Ltd [2004] NSWSC 333 ............................................... r 20.14.60 Stockland (Constructors) Pty Ltd v Darryl I Coombs Pty Ltd [2004] NSWSC 894 ........................ r 20.24.140, r 20.24.160 Stoker v Adecco Gemvale Constructions Pty Ltd [2004] NSWCA 449 ............................................................. DCA 127.100 Stokes v McCourt [2014] NSWSC 61 ........................................................................................ r 7.13.40, r 7.14.50, r 7.14.65 Stokes (by a tutor) v McCourt [2013] NSWSC 1014 .................................................................................................. r 42.7.80 Stolfa v Owners Strata Plan 4366 (No 2) [2008] NSWSC 531 ................... r 31.17.40, r 31.20.40, r 31.44.20, r 31.44.1000 Stollznow v Calvert [1980] 2 NSWLR 749 ................................................................................................................. r 12.7.40 Stoltenberg v Doring [1983] 1 NSWLR 121 .......................................................................................................... SCA 66.420 Storey & Keers Pty Ltd v Johnstone (1987) 9 NSWLR 446 ............................................ r 36.17.60, r 36.17.80, DCA 81.20 Stott v West Yorkshire Road Car Co Ltd [1971] 2 QB 651 .......................................................................................... r 9.1.60 Stoy v Rees (1890) 24 QBD 748 .................................................................................................................................... r 4.5.40 Strata Plan 61287 v Brookfield Multiplex Ltd [2011] NSWSC 1302 ......................................................................... r 28.5.60 Street v Hearne (2007) 70 NSWLR 231; [2007] NSWCA 113 .................................................................................. r 21.7.40 Street v Luna Park Sydney Pty Ltd [2007] NSWSC 1144 ...................................................................................... r 42.21.410 Streets, In the Marriage of (1994) 122 FLR 103; 18 Fam LR 275; [1994] FLC 92-509 ........................................ r 31.16.80 Streetscape Projects (Australia) Pty Ltd v Sydney City [2012] NSWCA 63 ............................................................. r 50.7.40 Stuart, Re; Johnson v Williams [1940] 4 All ER 80 .................................................................................................. r 42.25.40

[All references are to paragraph numbers.] ©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

lxxxvii

Table of Cases

TABLE OF CASES

TABLE OF CASES Stubbs v NRMA Insurance Ltd (1997) 42 NSWLR 550 .......................................................................................... SCA 75.20 Stumm v Dixon & Co (1889) 22 QBD 529 ............................................................................................................... r 42.1.100 Sturesteps v Khoury [2015] NSWSC 1041 ................................................................................................................ r 42.7.100 Styles v Clayton Utz (No 3) (2011) 255 FLR 364; [2011] NSWSC 1452 ............................................................... r 15.12.40 Subway Systems Australia v Ireland (No 2) [2013] VSC 693 ................................................................................. CPA 28.40 Sumitomo Mitsui Banking Corp v Sumitomo Mitsui Financial Group Pty Ltd (No 2) [2009] FCA 496 ............................................................................................................................................................................ r 40.8.60 Sundararajah v Teachers Federation Health Ltd (No 3) [2010] NSWSC 471 .......................................................... r 18.1.160 Sunday Times Newspaper Co Ltd v Sun Newspaper Co Ltd (1919) 36 WN (NSW) 72 .......................................... r 21.3.50 Super 1000 Pty Ltd v Pacific General Securities Ltd [2007] NSWSC 171 ................................................................ r 7.29.40 Super Pty Ltd v SJP Formwork (Aust) Pty Ltd (1992) 29 NSWLR 549 ............................................................... r 20.24.160 Surfside Palms Motel Pty Ltd, Re (1984) 9 ACLR 179 .............................................................................................. r 26.1.40 Sutherland, Re [2014] NSWSC 821 ........................................................................................................................... r 55.11.20 Suvaal v Cessnock City Council (2003) 77 ALJR 1449; [2003] HCA 41 ............................................................... r 14.18.40 Swain v Waverley Municipal Council (2005) 220 CLR 517; 79 ALJR 565; [2005] HCA 4 ...... SCA 102.20, SCR 51.0.180 Swain Investments Ltd v Danumet Pty Ltd (unreported, NSW Sup Ct, Cole J, 5 May 1989) ............................. r 42.21.120 Sweetman v Ritter (No 2) [2014] NSWDC 112 .......................................................................................................... r 42.6.40 Swimsure (Laboratories) Pty Ltd v McDonald [1979] 2 NSWLR 796 ................................................................. SCA 66.340 Swire, Re (1882) 21 Ch D 647 ................................................................................................................................. DCA 81.20 Sydmar Pty Ltd v Statewise Developments Pty Ltd (1987) 73 ALR 289; 11 ACLR 616; 5 ACLC 480 ......................................................................................................................................................................... CPA 21.20 Sydney Airports Corp Ltd v Singapore Airlines Ltd [2005] NSWCA 47 ................................................................... r 31.4.80 Sydney City v Streetscape Projects (Australia) Pty Ltd [2011] NSWSC 452 ......................................................... CPA 15.40 Sydney City Council v Geftlick [2006] NSWCA 280 ............................................................................. r 42.5.40, CPA 46.20 Sydney City Council v Geftlick (No 2) [2006] NSWCA 374 ................................................................................... r 42.1.120 Sydney City Councilv Goldspar Pty Ltd [2003] FCA 769 ............................................................................................ r 5.4.40 Sydney Ferries v Morton (No 2) [2010] NSWCA 238 .............................................................................................. r 42.1.120 Sydney South West Area Health Service v MD (2009) 260 ALR 702; [2009] NSWCA 343 ................ r 9.4.80, r 14.14.100 Sydney South West Area Health Service v Stamoulis [2009] NSWCA 153 ................. r 31.18.80, r 31.18.1000, CPA 14.40 Sydney Turf Club v Crowley [1971] 1 NSWLR 724 ............................................................................................... CPA 24.40 Sykes v Sykes (1869) LR 4 CP 645 ......................................................................................................................... r 42.21.140 Symonds v Egan National Valuers (NSW) Pty Ltd (unreported, NSWCA, 26 February 1996) ............... SCA 101.120, SCR 51.0.120 Symons, Re (1882) 21 Ch D 757 ................................................................................................................................. r 46.4.20 Synnott v Woods (1891) 8 WN (NSW) 4 ................................................................................................................ CPA 117.40 Szanto v Melville [2011] VSC 574 ............................................................................................................................. r 15.30.40 Sze Tu v Lowe (No 2) [2015] NSWCA 91 ................................................................................................. r 42.1.40, r 42.1.70 Szylowicz, In the Estate of (1978) 19 SASR 263 ............................................................................................... SCR 78.0.120

T TCN Channel 9 Pty Ltd v Antoniadis [No 2] (1999) 48 NSWLR 381 ; [1999] NSWCA 104 ............................... r 51.44.60 TCN Channel 9 Pty Ltd v Antoniadis (No 2) (1999) 48 NSWLR 381; [1999] NSWCA 104 .......................... SCA 75A.200 TCS ACES Pty Ltd v Mikohn Gaming Australasia Pty Ltd [2007] NSWSC 1139 ................................................... r 14.9.60 TDK Tape Distributors (UK) Ltd v Videochoice Ltd [1986] 1 WLR 141; [1985] 3 All ER 345 ........................ SCA 66.240 TNT Building Trades Pty Ltd v Benelong Developments Pty Ltd (admins apptd) (2012) 91 ACSR 17; (2012) 91 ACSR 17 ....................................................................................................................................... r 31.13.120 TNT Management Pty Ltd v Trade Practices Commission (1983) 47 ALR 693 ........................................................ r 21.6.40 TQM Design & Construct Pty Ltd v Golden Plantation Pty Ltd [2011] NSWSC 500 .......................................... r 31.13.160 TQM Design and Construct Pty Limited v Golden Plantation Pty Ltd [2011] NSWSC 500 .............................. r 31.13.1000 TS v Sydney Children’s Hospital Network [2012] NSWSC 1609 ............................................................................. r Pt57.20 TSF Engineering Pty Ltd v Hill [1980] 2 NSWLR 105 ...................................................... r 45.6.40, r 45.6.80, SCA 49.120 TX Australia Pty Ltd v Broadcast Australia Pty Ltd (Costs) [2012] NSWSC 1200 ................................................ r 20.26.40 Tagget v McLean Austquip Pty Ltd [2014] NSWSC 1310 ......................................................................................... r 14.2.40 Tagget v Sexton (2009) 255 ALR 522; [2009] NSWCA 91 ..................................................................... r 42.1.70, DCA 8.50 Taheri v Vitek (No 2) [2014] NSWCA 344 ............................................................................................................... r 42.15.50 Tallglen Pty Ltd v Pay TV Holdings Pty Ltd (1996) 22 ACSR 130 .......................................................................... r 28.2.60 Tampion v Anderson (1973) 48 ALJR 11; 3 ALR 414 ........................................................................... r 12.7.120, r 13.4.260

[All references are to paragraph numbers.] lxxxviii

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

Tan v Silverdale Sand & Soil Pty Ltd [2014] NSWSC 391 ....................................................................................... r 31.3.80 Tanamerah Estates Pty Ltd v Tibra Capital Pty Ltd [2013] NSWCA 266 ................................................................... r 7.1.70 Tanamerah Estates Pty Ltd v Tibra Capital Pty Ltd [2015] NSWCA 383 ................................................................... r 7.1.70 Tanamerah Estates Pty Ltd v Tibra Capital Pty Ltd [2015] NSWSC 1519 .................................................................. r 7.1.70 Tanamerah Estates Pty Ltd v Tibra Capital Pty Ltd [2016] NSWCA 23 ..................................................................... r 7.1.70 Tanamerah Estates Pty Ltd v Tibra Capital Pty Ltd [2016] NSWCA 42 ..................................................................... r 7.1.70 Tanwar Enterprises Pty Ltd v Bradshaw [2013] NSWSC 1276 ............................................................... r 17.7.60, r 17.7.100 Taouk v Assure (NSW) Pty Ltd [2017] NSWCA 160 ............................................................................................. r 42.21.120 Tapoohi v Lewenberg (No 2) [2003] VSC 410 ......................................................................................................... CPA 33.20 Tate v Barry (1928) 28 SR (NSW) 380 ...................................................................................................................... r 26.1.110 Tatlers.com.au Pty Ltd v Davis (2006) 203 FLR 473; [2006] NSWSC 1055 ...................................... r 37.3.20, CPA 107.45 Tatlers.com.au Pty Ltd v Davis (2007) 213 FLR 109; [2007] NSWSC 835 .............................................................. r 35.6.40 Tatterson v Wirtanan [1998] VSC 88 ........................................................................................................................... r 6.19.40 Taxation, Deputy Commissioner of v Abberwood Pty Ltd (1990) 19 NSWLR 530; 20 ATR 1868; 90 ATC 4255; 8 ACLC 528; [1990] 2 ACSR 91 ................................................................................................. r 10.22.60 Taxation, Deputy Commissioner of v Meakes [2014] NSWSC 1001 .................................................................... CPA 107.30 Taxation, Deputy Commissioner of v Meredith (No 2) (2008) 75 NSWLR 462; [2008] NSWCA 133 ..................................................................................................................................................... r 36.11.100, r 36.16.80 Taxation, Deputy Commissioner of v P (1987) 11 NSWLR 200 .............................................. r 7.14.40, r 7.14.65, r 7.17.40 Taxation, Deputy Commissioner of v Thai (1993) 26 ATR 108; 93 ATC 4530 ....................................................... r 14.28.40 Taxation, Federal Commissioner of v ANZ Banking Group Ltd (1979) 143 CLR 499; 53 ALJR 336 ....................................................................................................................................................... r 21.3.180, r 22.2.160 Taxation, Federal Commissioner of v Baker [2013] NSWSC 1826 .......................................................................... r 16.3.110 Taylor v Taylor (1979) 143 CLR 1 ..................................................................................... r 6.24.40, r 36.16.220, r 36.16.240 Tebbs, Re [1976] 1 WLR 924; [1976] 2 All ER 858 .................................................................................................. r 46.4.20 Tedeschi v Legal Services Commission (1997) 43 NSWLR 20 ............................................................................. r 14.14.200 Telecomputing PCS Pty Ltd v Bridge Wholesale Acceptance Corp (Aust) Ltd (1991) 24 NSWLR 513; 8 BCL 286 ..................................................................................................................................................... r 20.20.60 Telfer v Telfer (No 3) [2013] NSWSC 1614 ............................................................................................................. r Pt57.180 Tempe Recreation Reserve Trust v Sydney Water Corporation (No 2) [2014] NSWLEC 23 .............................. CPA 106.12 Templeton v ASIC (2015) 108 ACSR 545 ................................................................................................................... r 26.4.40 Templeton v Leviathan Pty Ltd (1921) 30 CLR 34; [1922] VLR 90 .................................................. r 54.3.20, SCR 68.2.20 Tepko Pty Ltd v Water Board (2001) 206 CLR 1; 75 ALJR 775; [2001] HCA 19 .................................. r 28.2.60, r 28.2.80 Termijtelen v Van Arkel [1974] 1 NSWLR 525 ..................................................................................... r 16.10.40, r 17.7.100 Tesoriero v Ferrarao (unreported, NSW Sup Ct, Powell J, 21 August 1984) ........................................................ CPA 140.40 Tetijo Holdings Pty Ltd v Keeprite Australia Pty Ltd (unreported, Fed Ct of Appeal, French J, 3 May 1991) ................................................................................................................................................................ r 42.5.40 Thalanga Copper Mines Pty Ltd v Brandrill Ltd [2004] NSWSC 349 .............................................. r 42.21.110, r 42.21.200 Thaler v Amzalak (No 4) [2013] NSWSC 1345 ........................................................................................................ r 25.11.20 The Estate of Roberts, Re (1983) 20 NTR 13; 70 FLR 158 ..................................................................................... r 42.25.40 The Trade Marks Act 1955-1958 and the Registered Trade Marks “Certina” and “Certina DS”, Re (1970) 44 ALJR 191 .............................................................................................................................................. r 17.7.100 The Trust Company (Re Services) Ltd, Re [2016] NSWSC 117 ................................................................................ r Pt55.40 Thermasorb Pty Ltd v Rockdale Beef Pty Ltd (2005) 190 FLR 71; [2005] NSWSC 361 ................................... CPA 140.40 Thi Kim Loan Nguyen v Thi Thuy Tien Nguyen (unreported, NSWDC, Norton SC DCJ, 12 February 2018) ....................................................................................................................................................... r 42.35.40 Thiess v TCN Channel Nine Pty Ltd (No 2) [1992] 1 Qd R 237 ............................................................................ r 25.3.120 Thiess v TCN Channel Nine Pty Ltd (No 3) [1992] 1 Qd R 587 .............................................................................. r 22.2.60 Thiess Bros Pty Ltd, Re; Ex parte Delponte [1965] NSWR 1468 ......................................................................... CPA 140.20 Thiess Watkins White Construction Ltd (in liq) v Witan Nominees (1985) Pty Ltd [1992] 2 Qd R 452 .......................................................................................................................................................................... r 42.1.100 Thomas v Jones [1928] P 162 ..................................................................................................................................... r 42.25.40 Thomas v New South Wales (2005) 66 NSWLR 44; [2005] NSWSC 1061 ....................................... r 49.20.80, r 49.20.100 Thomas v New South Wales [2007] NSWSC 160 .................................................................................. r 31.9.80, r 31.9.1000 Thomas v Yates [2008] NSWSC 282 .......................................................................................................... r 20.2.40, r 20.6.40 Thomas A Edison Ltd v Bullock (1912) 15 CLR 679 ......................................................................... r 41.3.100, SCA 66.160 Thompson v Dal Cin [2006] NSWSC 1249 ................................................................................................................. r 31.4.50 Thompson v NSW Land and Housing Corp (No 3) [2013] NSWSC 1658 .............................................................. r 20.18.80

[All references are to paragraph numbers.] ©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

lxxxix

Table of Cases

TABLE OF CASES

TABLE OF CASES Thompson v Pacific Acceptance Corp Ltd (1962) 80 WN (NSW) 773 ................................................................... CPA 64.40 Thompson v Thompson [1980] 1 NSWLR 180; (1980) 42 FLR 383 .................................................................. SCR 69.0.40 Thompson v White [2008] NSWSC 1 ........................................................................................................................ r 20.14.60 Thompson v Wright (1884) 13 QBD 632 ................................................................................................................... r 43.2.100 Thompson Australian Holdings Pty Ltd v Trade Practices Commission (1981) 148 CLR 150; 55 ALJR 614; 37 ALR 66 ....................................................................................................................................... SCA 66.460 Thomson v Golden Destiny Investments Pty Ltd (No 2) [2015] NSWSC 1929 .................................... r 41.3.140, r Pt41.70 Thorpe v Chief Constable of Greater Manchester Police [1989] 1 WLR 665; [1989] 2 All ER 827 ..... r 21.1.60, r 21.2.80, r 21.10.40 Thrasivoulou, Ex parte [1978] VR 369 .................................................................................................................. SCR 69.0.40 363 Military Road Mosman Pty Ltd v The Owners Strata Plan 72814 [2012] NSWSC 263 ............................ CPA 149B.60 Tickell v Trifleska Pty Ltd (1990) 25 NSWLR 353 ......................................................................... r 42.15.50, Pt 20.Div4.20 Tim Barr Pty Ltd v Narui Gold Coast Pty Ltd (2009) 258 ALR 598; [2009] NSWSC 769 ............ r 31.4.60, r 31.6.1000, r 31.8.1000 Tim Barr Pty Ltd v Narui Gold Coast Pty Ltd (2009) 75 NSWLR 380; [2009] NSWSC 49 ................................. r 31.23.80 Tim Barr Pty Ltd v Narui Gold Coast Pty Ltd [2011] NSWSC 11 ......................................................................... CPA 98.80 Timber Engineering Co Pty Ltd v Anderson [1980] 2 NSWLR 488 ................................................... r 46.4.20, SCR 49.0.20 Timms v Clift [1998] 2 Qd R 100 .............................................................................................................................. r 42.15.40 Tinyow v Lee [2006] NSWCA 247 ............................................................................................................................ r 42.15.80 Tiufino v Warland (2000) 50 NSWLR 104; [2000] NSWCA 110 .......................................................................... r 14.14.200 Tjen v Bilic [2017] NSWSC 364 ............................................................................................................. r 31.5.60, r 31.5.1000 Tobin v Ezekiel [2009] NSWSC 1209 ......................................................................................................................... r 31.5.60 Todd v Jones [1969] VR 169 ........................................................................................................................................ r 28.5.60 Todorovic v Moussa (2001) 53 NSWLR 463; [2001] NSWCA 419 .................................................................. DCA 127.100 Tomanovic v Global Mortgage Equity Corp Pty Ltd (No 2) (2011) 86 ACSR 119; [2011] NSWCA 256 .......................................................................................................................................................... r 42.1.120 Tomanovic v Global Mortgage Equity Corporation Pty Ltd (No 2) (2011) 86 ACSR 119; [2011] NSWCA 256 ............................................................................................................................................................ r 42.1.60 Tomanovic v Global Mortgage Equity Corporation Pty Ltd (No 2) [2011] NSWCA 256 .................. r 42.1.120, CPA 98.40 Tomasetti v Brailey [2012] NSWCA 6 ...................................................................................................... r 25.9.10, r 25.14.20 Tomko v Palasty (No )(2007) 71 NSWLR 61; [2007] NSWCA 369 ....................................................................... r 50.3.120 Tomko v Palasty (No 2) (2007) 71 NSWLR 61; [2007] NSWCA 369 .................................................................... r 49.20.80 Tomko v Tomko [2007] NSWSC 1486 ............................................................... r 31.37.40, r 31.41.20, r Pt31.Div2.Sdiv4.20 Tomlinson v Ramsey Food Processing Pty Ltd (2015) 256 CLR 507; [2015] HCA 28 ............................. CPA Pt 7.Div1.20 Tomsimmat & Assocs Pty Ltd v G & R Investments Pty Ltd (1993) 25 1PR 545 .............................................. CPA 65.400 Tomson v Boitano [2011] NSWSC 527 .................................................................................................................... r 42.21.110 Tony Azzi (Automobiles) Pty Ltd v Volvo Car Australia Pty Ltd [2006] NSWSC 249 ......................................... CPA 64.20 Tony Azzi (Automobiles) Pty Ltd v Volvo Car Australia Pty Ltd [2006] NSWSC 283 ............................................ r 34.2.40 Tory v Megna [2012] NSWCA 41 ................................................................................................................................ r 12.5.40 Total & Universal Pty Ltd v Kingsway Property Investments (No 2) Pty Ltd [2007] NSWSC 581 ...................... r 42.15.80 Total Real Estate Training Pty Ltd v Howard [2011] NSWSC 735 ............................................................................ r 23.8.40 Townsend v Townsend (No 2) [2001] NSWCA 145 .............................................................................. r 42.15.50, r 42.15.80 Trad v Harbour Radio Pty Ltd [2010] NSWCA 41 ..................................................................................................... r 50.7.40 Trade Practices Commission v Arnotts Ltd (No 2) (1989) 21 FCR 306; 88 ALR 90 ............................................... r 33.6.80 Trade Practices Commission v David Jones (Australia) Pty Ltd (1985) 7 FCR 109 ............................................. r 14.28.120 Trade Practices Commission v IMB Group Pty Ltd [1994] ATPR 41-348 ........................................... r 21.3.160, r 22.2.140 Trade Practices Commission v Manfal Pty Ltd (No 3) (1991) 33 FCR 382 ............................................................ r 12.1.120 Trade Practices Commission v TNT Management Pty Ltd (1984) ATPR 45–531 ................................................... r 21.3.160 Trade Practices Commission v TNT Management Pty Ltd [1985] ATPR 46,270 .................................................... r 42.1.120 Trade Practices Commission v TNT Management Pty Ltd (No 2) (1981) 55 FLR 212; [1982] ATPR 40-280 ....................................................................................................................................... r 21.3.100, r 21.11.40 Traderight (NSW) Pty Ltd v Bank of Queensland Ltd (No 16) [2013] NSWSC 418 ............................................. r 21.3.120 Tradestock Pty Ltd v TNT (Management) Pty Ltd (1983) 81 FLR 91; 50 ALR 461; [1983] ATPR 40-402 ....................................................................................................................................................................... r 34.2.60 Tradestock Pty Ltd v TNT (Management) Pty Ltd (No 2) (1977) 30 FLR 343; 14 ALR 52 ................................ r 42.21.110 Trainor Asia Ltd v Calverley (2007) 53 SR (WA) 277; [2007] WADC 124 ...................... r 53.1.180, r 53.1.200, r 53.7.180 Trans Realties Pty Ltd v Grbac [1975] 1 NSWLR 170 ......................................................................................... SCA 75.100 Transglobal Capital Pty Ltd v Yolarno Pty Ltd (2004) 60 NSWLR 143; [2004] NSWCA 136 ............................ SCA 46.20

[All references are to paragraph numbers.] xc

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

Transocean Capital Pty Ltd v AFSIG Pty Ltd (2006) 202 FLR 270; [2006] NSWSC 806 ................................... r 14.28.200 Transport Action Group Against Motorways Inc v Roads & Traffic Authority (NSW) (1998) 103 LGERA 338 ..................................................................................................................... r 15.10.60, r 21.3.200, r 22.2.180 Transport Construction Authority v Parramatta City Council [2010] NSWSC 1168 .......................................... CPA 149B.60 Trawl Industries of Australia Pty Ltd v Effem Foods Pty Ltd (1992) 27 NSWLR 326 .......................................... r 31.1.120 Treloar Constructions Pty Ltd v McMillan (No 2) [2017] NSWCA 146 ................................................................. r 41.3.160 Trendlen Pty Ltd v Mobile Oil Australia Pty Ltd [2005] NSWSC 741 ........................................................................ r 7.4.80 Tricorp Pty Ltd (in liq) v Deputy Commissioner of Taxation (WA) (1992) 6 ACSR 706; 10 ACLC 474 ........................................................................................................................................................................ r 42.21.200 Triden Properties Ltd v Capita Financial Group Ltd (unreported, NSWCA, 26 November 1993) ......................... r 13.1.140 Triggell v Pheeney (1951) 82 CLR 497; 51 SR (NSW) 173; 68 WN (NSW) 187 .................................................. r 15.32.40 Tringali v Stewardson Stubbs & Collett Pty Ltd (1966) 66 SR (NSW) 335; 83 WN (Pt 2) (NSW) 393; [1966] 1 NSWR 354 .................................................................................................................................. CPA 135.35 Trubenised Ltd v Dobrinski (1957) 74 WN (NSW) 492 ........................................................................................ SCA 49.120 Trust Co of Australia Ltd v Perpetual Trustees WA Ltd (1995) 36 NSWLR 654 ...................................................... r 6.11.60 Trustee and Guardian (NSW) v Schneider [2011] NSWSC 424 ............................................................................ CPA 104.40 Trustee for the Salvation Army (NSW) Property Trust v Becker (2007) 14 BPR 26,867; [2007] NSWCA ................................................................................................................................................................. r 42.1.200 Trustee for the Salvation Army (NSW) Property Trust v Becker (No 2) [2007] NSWCA 194 ...... r 42.15.40, r 42.15.80, Pt 20.Div4.20 Trustees of the Roman Catholic Church v Ellis (2007) 70 NSWLR 565; 63 ACSR 346; [2007] NSWCA 117 ............................................................................................................................................. r 7.4.80, r 7.4.120 Trustees of the Roman Catholic Church for the Diocese of Sydney v Hogan (2001) 53 NSWLR 343; [2001] NSWCA 381 ................................................................................... SCA 106.20, SCA 107.20, SCR 51.0.220 Truth about Motorways Pty Ltd v Macquarie Infrastructure Investment Management Ltd (2000) 200 CLR 591; 74 ALJR 604; [2000] HCA 11 ........................................................................... SCA 65.40, SCR 54.0.100 Tryhaz Pty Ltd v Fielder Engineers Pty Ltd [2005] NSWSC 906 .............................. r 20.24.80, r 20.24.120, Pt 20.Div3.40 Tsu v Nemeth [2012] NSWCA 29 ............................................................................................................................ r 20.24.120 Tudor Furnishers Ltd v Montague & Co [1950] Ch 113 ............................................................................................ r Pt43.70 Turkmani v Visvalingham (No 2) [2009] NSWCA 279 ............................................................................................ r 42.1.120 Turnbull v Gorgievski [1999] NSWSC 871 ................................................................................................ r 31.5.40, r 31.5.60 Turner v Dalgety & Co Ltd (1952) 69 WN (NSW) 228 ............................................................................................. r 15.1.40 Turner v Davies [1981] 2 NSWLR 324 .............................................. r 5.7.40, r 21.3.100, r 21.3.120, r 21.11.40, r 21.11.60 Turner v Hancock (1882) LR 20 Ch D 303 ............................................................................................................... r 42.25.40 Turner v London & Southwestern Railway Co (1874) LR 17 Eq 561 ....................................................................... r 36.4.60 Turner v Sylvester [1981] 2 NSWLR 295 ......................................................................................... DCA 46.20, SCA 66.240 Turner v The Bulletin Newspaper Co Pty Ltd (1974) 131 CLR 69; [1974] 3 ALR 491; [1974] HCA 25 ................................................................................................................................................................ r 14.28.200 Twenty-First Australia Inc v Shade Matter No 2428/98 [1998] NSWSC 380 ........................................................ r 36.16.180 Tyne Improvement Commissioners v Armement Anversois SA (The Brabo) (No 2) [1949] AC 326 ...................... r 11.2.60 Tyrrell v The Owners Corp Strata Scheme 40022 [2007] NSWCA 8 ....................................................... r 28.2.40, r 28.2.80 Tyson v Brisbane Market Freight Brokers Pty Ltd (1994) 68 ALJR 304 .................................... SCA 106.40, SCR 51.0.200 Tzavellas v Canterbury City Council (1999) 105 LGERA 262 ................................................................................... r 42.1.62

U Ugly Tribe Co Pty Ltd v Sikola [2001] VSC 189 ....................................................................................................... r 42.5.40 Unconventional Conventions Pty Ltd v Accent Oz Pty Ltd (in liq) [2004] NSWSC 1050 .................................. CPA 26.140 Unioil International Pty Ltd v Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu (No 2) (1997) 18 WAR 190 ............................................ r 42.5.40 United Development Corporation Pty Ltd v Coffs Harbour Rutile NL (1957) 75 WN (NSW) 218 ................... SCA 49.120 United Group Rail Services Ltd v Rail Corp (NSW) (2009) 74 NSWLR 618; [2009] NSWCA 177 .......... CPA 27.10, CPA 27.20 United Rural Enterprises Pty Ltd v Lopmand Pty Ltd [2003] NSWSC 870 ....................................... r 31.23.80, r 31.23.100 United States Surgical Corp v Hospital Products International Pty Ltd [1982] 2 NSWLR 766 ............ r 6.43.60, r 33.9.160 United States of America v Inkley [1989] 1 QB 255 ................................................................................................ r 53.1.160 United Telecasters Sydney Ltd v Hardy (1991) 23 NSWLR 323 ............... DCA 199.20, SCR 55.0.60, SCR 55.0.160, SCR 55.0.200

[All references are to paragraph numbers.] ©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

xci

Table of Cases

TABLE OF CASES

TABLE OF CASES Uniting Church in Australia Property Trust (NSW) v Takacs (No 2) [2008] NSWCA 172 ............. r 42.15.50, r 42.15.70, r 42.15.80 Uniting Church in Australia Property Trust (NSW) t/as Northaven Retirement Village v Takacs (No 2) [2008] NSWCA 172 .................................................................................................................................. r 42.15.50 Universal City Studios Inc v Hubbard [1983] 2 WLR 882; [1983] 3 All E.R. 596; ............................................ SCA 66.360 Universal Distributing Co Ltd (In Liql), Re (1933) 48 CLR 171; [1933] HCA 2 ..................................................... r 26.4.80 University of New South Wales v Moorhouse (1975) 133 CLR 1; 49 ALJR 267 ................................................ SCA 75.140 Uptown Sydney Development Corp Pty Ltd v Bank of New Zealand (No 1) (1993) 11 ACSR 300; 11 ACLC 862 .............................................................................................................................................. r 42.21.310 Uren v John Fairfax & Sons Pty Ltd (1966) 117 CLR 118; 40 ALJR 124; [1966] HCA 40 ................. r 15.7.40, r 53.1.160

V V V v District Court (NSW) [2013] NSWCA 469 ...................................................................................................... r Pt57.20 VMA Companies LLC trading as Corbis Global v Ridley Capital Holdings Pty Ltd (in liq) [2016] NSWSC 1567 ........................................................................................................................................................ CPA 98.60 Vadala v Lawes (1890) 25 QBD 310 ......................................................................................................................... r 53.7.180 Vale v Eggins (No 2) [2007] NSWCA 12 ............................................................................................... r 42.15.50, r 42.15.80 Van Der Lee v NSW [2002] NSWCA 286 ............................................................................. r 13.4.160, r 21.3.220, r 31.4.80 Van Sandan, Ex parte (1846) De G 303 ..................................................................................................................... DCA 8.80 Vandervell’s Trusts (No 1), Re [1971] AC 912 ............................................................................................................ r 6.24.40 Vandervell’s Trusts (No 2), Re [1974] Ch 269 ............................................................................................................ r 14.7.80 Vanguard Financial Planners Pty Ltd v Ale [2017] NSWSC 196 ............................................................................... r 42.1.52 Vanvalen v Neaves (2005) 65 NSWLR 268; [2005] NSWSC 1003 ......................................................................... r 42.15.80 Vapormatic Co Ltd v Sparex Ltd [1976] 1 WLR 939 ............................................................................................ SCA 66.220 Varley v Varley [2007] NSWSC 125 .......................................................................................................................... r 20.21.60 Vasil v National Australian Bank Ltd (1999) 46 NSWLR 207 .............................................................................. SCA 66.260 Vasilijev v Public Trustee [1974] 2 NSWLR 497 ................................................................................................ SCA 75A.100 Vaughan v Dawson [2008] NSWCA 169 ................................................................................................................... r 51.44.60 Vella v Wah Lai Investment (Australia) Pty Ltd (unreported, NSWSC, Bryson J, 17 June 1998) ...................... SCA 66.120 Vella v Wai Lai Investment (Australia) Pty Ltd [2004] NSWSC 583 ........................................................................ r 35.2.40 Venacom Pty Ltd v Morgan Brooks Pty Ltd [2006] NSWSC 46 .............................................................. r 21.6.40, r 22.2.40 Venetian Nominees Pty Ltd v Conlan (1998) 20 WAR 96 .......................................................................................... r 26.4.20 Venquelin v Bouard (1863) 15 CB (NS) 341 .......................................................................................... r 53.1.180, r 53.7.200 Ventura v Sustek (1976) 14 SASR 395 ................................................................................................................ SCA 75A.140 Vereker v Choi (1985) 4 NSWLR 277 .................................................................................................................... SCA 66.240 Verhoeven v Halliday [2017] NSWSC 77 .................................................................................................................. r 42.34.40 Vertical Australia Pty Ltd v Air Company Vertical-T LLC [2012] NSWSC 719 ...................................................... r Pt43.60 Vetreria Etrusca SRL v Elitepack Pty Ltd [2008] NSWSC 496 ............................................................... r 53.1.180, r 53.8.20 Victims Compensation Fund Corp v Ainsworth (2001) 51 NSWLR 466 ................................................................. r 50.23.40 Victims Compensation Fund Corp v Nguyen (2001) 52 NSWLR 213 ..................................................................... r 50.23.40 Victoria v Horvath (No 2) [2003] VSCA 24 .............................................................................................................. r 42.1.100 Victoria v Sutton (1998) 195 CLR 291; 72 ALJR 1386 ......................................................................... r 31.36.60, r 52.1.220 Victoria, Re [2002] NSWSC 647; 29 Fam LR 157 ..................................................................................................... r Pt57.20 Victorian Broadcasting Network Ltd v Whitlam (1980) 42 FLR 256; 31 ALR 184 ........................................... SCR 1.13.20 Victorian Securities Corporation Ltd v Icehot Pty Ltd (recs and mgrs apptd) [2010] NSWSC 1413 .................. CPA 135.35 Victorian Stevedoring & General Contracting Co Pty Ltd v Dignan (1931) 46 CLR 73; 38 ALR 22; 5 ALJ 241 .................................................................................................................................................... SCA 75A.60 Vigilant Finance (NSW) Pty Ltd, Ex parte; Cameron Smith, Re [1964] NSWR 1282 ......................................... CPA 140.20 Villanueva v New South Wales [1999] NSWCA 105 .................................................................................................. r 31.5.60 Vintage Marine Art Pty Ltd v Henderson [2015] NSWSC 1439 ............................................................................ r 42.21.110 Vintage Marine Art Pty Ltd v Robert Craig Henderson [2015] NSWSC 1439 ...................................................... r 42.21.110 Violi v Commonwealth Bank of Australia [2015] NSWCA 152 ................................................................................. r 16.6.40 Visevic v Kashian [2017] NSWSC 578 ....................................................................................................................... r Pt55.40 Visnic v Sywak [2008] NSWSC 427 ............................................................................................................................ r 46.4.20 Visy Board Pty Ltd v Attorney General (Cth) (1984) 2 FCR 113 ............................................................................ r 12.1.120 Vitoros v Raindera Pty Limited [2014] NSWSC 99 .................................................................................................... r 42.7.80 Vlasic v Federal Capital Press (1976) 9 ACTR 1 ........................................................................................................ r Pt15.20

[All references are to paragraph numbers.] xcii

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

Voss v Ipkendanz [2009] NSWSC 562 ......................................................................................................................... r 30.1.40 Voth v Manildra Flour Mills Pty Ltd (1990) 171 CLR 538; 65 ALJR 83; 97 ALR 124 .... r 6.43.100, r 11.7.60, r 13.4.180, r 13.4.200

W W v H [2014] NSWSC 1696 ...................................................................................................................................... r Pt57.200 W v M [2009] NSWSC 1084 ....................................................................................................................................... r 4.2.100 W, Re [2014] NSWSC 1106 .................................................................................................... r Pt57.20, r Pt57.60, r Pt57.100 W & F [2003] Fam CA 173 ........................................................................................................................................ r 31.16.80 W (an infant), Re [1978] Qd R 406 ....................................................................................................................... SCR 69.0.40 W and L (Parameters of Protected Estate Management Orders), Re [2014] NSWSC 1106 .................................... r Pt57.100 WFM Motors Pty Ltd v Maydwell (unreported, NSWSC, Bryson J, 23 April 1993) ............................................ r 10.14.120 WM, Re (1903) 3 SR (NSW) 352 ................................................................................................................................ r 57.5.10 WS, Re [2017] NSWSC 745 ......................................................................................................................................... r 7.14.60 Wagner v Laubscher Bros [1970] 2 QB 313 ................................................................................................................ r 53.8.20 Waikato (Proprietary) Ltd v Kaplan [2002] VSC 310 ............................................................................................ SCA 66.120 Wakim v Coleman [2010] NSWCA 221 ...................................................................................................................... r 1.12.40 Wakim, Re; Ex parte McNally (1999) 198 CLR 511; 73 ALJR 839; [1999] HCA 27 ............................. r 44.2.60, r 44.5.80 Walkabout II Pty Ltd v Jabulani Pty Ltd [2015] NSWSC 1569 ............................................................................... r 20.15.60 Walker v Commonwealth Trading Bank of Australia (1985) 3 NSWLR 496 ............................................................ r 6.24.40 Walker v Harwood [2017] NSWCA 228 ........................................................... r 42.14.40, r 42.15.40, r 42.15.45, r 42.15.50 Walker v University of Sydney [2013] NSWSC 104 ................................................................................................ r 13.4.130 Walker v WA Pickles Pty Ltd [1980] 2 NSWLR 281 ............................................................................................... r 14.10.40 Walker v Walker (1937) 57 CLR 630; 11 ALJ 201 ..................................................................................................... r Pt34.40 Walker Corp Pty Ltd v Sydney Harbour Foreshore Authority (2004) 134 LGERA 195; [2004] NSWLEC 315 ........................................................................................................................................................ r 31.35.80 Walker Group Constructions Pty Ltd v Tzaneros Investments Pty Ltd [2017] NSWCA 27 ................................... r 42.15.70 Wallersteiner v Moir (No 2) [1975] QB 373; [1975] 1 All ER 849 .............................................................. CPA Pt7.Div3.40 Walsh v Walsh (No 2) [2013] NSWSC 1281 ............................................................................................................. r 42.1.200 Walshe v Prest [2004] NSWCA 94 ............................................................................................................................. r 20.11.40 Walter v Nicholson (1838) 6 Dowl 517 ....................................................................................................................... r 43.2.60 Walter Rau Nuesser Und Fett AG v Cross Pacific Trading Ltd [2005] FCA 955 ..................................................... r Pt25.20 Walton v Gardiner (1993) 177 CLR 378; 112 ALR 289 ........................................................................................... r 25.11.20 Walton v McBride (1995) 36 NSWLR 440 .................................................................................................................. r 42.5.40 Wang v New South Wales [2014] NSWSC 909 ......................................................................................... r 7.14.40, r 7.18.40 Ward v James [1966] 1 QB 273 ............................................................................................................................ SCA 101.120 Wardle v Agricultural & Rural Finance Pty Ltd (No 3) [2013] NSWCA 207 ........................................................ CPA 56.40 Wardle v Agricultural and Rural Finance Pty Ltd; Agricultural and Rural Finance Pty Ltd v Brakatselos (No 2) [2012] NSWCA 388 .............................................................................................................. r 42.1.100 Wardle v Kick [2006] NSWSC 327 ............................................................................................................................ r 42.12.40 Warman International Ltd v Dwyer (1995) 182 CLR 544; [1995] HCA 18 .............................................................. r 46.4.20 Warr v Santos [1973] 1 NSWLR 432 ......................................................................................... SCA 75A.100, SCA 75A.160 Warren v Coombes (1979) 142 CLR 531; 53 ALJR 293 ....................................................................... r 14.14.220, r 49.4.60 Warren Mitchell Pty Ltd v Australian Maritime Officers’ Union (1993) 12 ACSR 1; 11 ACLC 1,238 ..................................................................................................................................................................... r 42.21.110 Warringah Transport Co Pty Ltd v AM Kapral (1957) 57 SR (NSW) 586 ........................................................... CPA 129.20 Warton v Yeo [2015] NSWCA 115 ............................................................................................................................. r 42.25.40 Water Board v Moustakas (1988) 180 CLR 491 ........................................................................... SCA 106.40, SCR 51.0.200 Water Lily Sales Pty Ltd v New Zealand Insurance Co Ltd [1976] 2 NSWLR 402 ............................................ SCA 49.120 Waterhouse v Perkins [2001] NSWSC 13 ................................................................................................................. CPA 27.20 Waterman v Gerling Australia Insurance Co Pty Ltd (No 2) [2005] NSWSC 1111 ............. CPA 98.40, r 42.1.60, r 42.1.62 Waters v Commonwealth [2012] NSWSC 790 .......................................................................................................... r 14.28.40 Waters v P C Henderson (Aust) Pty Ltd (Court of Appeal, 6 July 1994, unreported) ............................................. r 42.1.120 Waterways Authority (NSW) v Coal & Allied Operations Pty Ltd [2006] NSWSC 183 ........................................ r 42.1.120 Watkins v Public Trustee [2007] NSWSC 370 .......................................................................................................... CPA 26.60 Watson v Park Royal (Caterers) Ltd [1961] 1 WLR 727 ........................................................................... r 43.2.60, r Pt43.80 Webb Distributors (Aust) Pty Ltd v Victoria (1993) 179 CLR 15; 67 ALJR 961; 117 ALR 321 ......................... r 14.14.240

[All references are to paragraph numbers.] ©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

xciii

Table of Cases

TABLE OF CASES

TABLE OF CASES Webster v Lampard (1993) 177 CLR 598; 67 ALJR 886; 116 ALR 545; [1993] Aust Torts Reports 62,435 (81-236) .................................................................................................. r 13.1.100, r 13.4.120, r 14.28.80 Webster v Lampard (1993) 67 ALJR 393; 112 ALR 174 ........................................................................................ r 42.21.110 Webster v Super Smart Strategies Pty Ltd; Courtney v Super Smart Strategies Pty Ltd [2017] NSWSC 531 .......................................................................................................................................... r 12.10.60, r 16.2.40 Webster v Zervos (unreported, NSWSC, Master Harrison, 2 October 1997) ......................................................... r 31.14.140 Webster, Re (1900) 16 WN (NSW) 229 ................................................................................... r 57.3.40, r 57.8.20, r 57.11.20 Webuildem Pty Ltd, Re [2012] NSWSC 708 ......................................................................................... r 18.1.60, CPA 135.35 Wedderburn v Wedderburn (1853) 17 Beav 158 .......................................................................... r 6.19.40, r 6.20.40, r 7.4.80 Wei Fan v South Eastern Sydney and Illawarra Area Health Service [2010] NSWSC 123 ........... r 31.36.40, r 31.36.120, r 31.36.1000 Wei Fan v South Eastern Sydney and Illawarra Area Health Service (No 2) [2010] NSWSC 343 .................. r 31.36.140, r 31.36.1000 Weily’s Quarries v Devine Shipping Pty Ltd (1994) 14 ACSR 186 .................................................. r 42.21.110, r 42.21.300 Weldon v Neal (1887) 19 QBD 394 .......................................................................................................................... CPA 65.20 Welker v Rinehart (No 6) [2012] NSWSC 160 ......................................................................................................... r 18.1.160 Welker v Rinehart (No 9) [2012] NSWSC 839 ................................................................................. CPA 17.60, CPA 17.1000 Wells v Glasscock (1893) 19 VLR 116; 14 ALT 250 .................................................................................................. r 43.2.60 Welzel v Francis (2010) 77 NSWLR 92; [2010] NSWSC 75 ....................................... r 42.7.100, CPA 15.40, CPA 15.1000 Wende v Giles Finney t/as CBD Law [2005] NSWSC 927 .................................................................................... r 49.20.100 Wende v Horwath (NSW) Pty Ltd [2009] NSWSC 550 ........................................................................................... r 42.4.100 Wende v Horwath (NSW) Pty Ltd (2014) 86 NSWLR 674; [2014] NSWCA 170 ............................... r 42.7.100, r 42.12.40 Wentworth v Graham (2002) 55 NSWLR 638; [2002] NSWCA 397 ..................................................................... SCA 46.20 Wentworth v Graham (2003) 57 NSWLR 741; [2003] NSWCA 229 ....................................................................... r 4.10.100 Wentworth v Rogers [1999] NSWCA 403 ........................................................................... r 7.27.80, r 7.41.40, SCR 55.0.20 Wentworth v Rogers [2003] NSWSC 472 ............................................................................................ r 39.41.40, CPA 117.40 Wentworth v Rogers [2003] NSWSC 944 .................................................................................................................... r 42.1.62 Wentworth v Rogers [2004] NSWCA 109 ................................................................................................................ CPA 29.20 Wentworth v Rogers [2004] NSWSC 1176 ............................................................................................................. CPA 126.40 Wentworth v Rogers [2004] NSWSC 1192 ................................................................................................................ r 39.44.80 Wentworth v Rogers (2006) 66 NSWLR 474; [2006] NSWCA 145 .......................................................................... r 7.41.40 Wentworth v Rogers [2009] NSWSC 1038 .................................................... r Pt38.60, r Pt38.80, CPA 103.35, CPA 108.30 Wentworth v Rogers (unreported, NSW Sup Ct, Young J, 19 June 1986) ................................................................. r 4.15.40 Wentworth v Rogers (No 12) (1987) 9 NSWLR 400 ............................................................ r 31.9.40, r 31.9.60, r 31.9.1000 Wentworth v Rogers (No 5) (1986) 6 NSWLR 534 ................ r 4.15.40, r 14.14.120, r 14.28.100, r 15.3.40, r 36.15.120, r 42.5.40, r 53.7.180 Wentworth v Rogers (No 8) (1986) 7 NSWLR 207 .................................................................................................... r 25.3.60 Wentworth v Rogers (No 9) (1987) 8 NSWLR 388 ................................................................................................ r 36.16.160 Wentworth v Wentworth (1994) 35 NSWLR 726 ..................................................................................................... SCA 46.20 Wentworth v Wentworth (2000) 52 NSWLR 602; [2000] NSWCA 350 ......................................... CPA 13.160, SCA 121.40 Wentworth v Woollahra Municipal Council (1982) 149 CLR 672 ................................ r 36.16.120, r 36.16.160, SCA 68.20 Wentworth v Woollahra Municipal Council (1983) 57 ALJ 493 ............................................................................. SCA 68.20 West v Public Trustee [1942] SASR 109 ................................................................................................................... r 42.25.40 West Rand Central Gold Mining Co Ltd v The King [1905] 2 KB 391 .................................................................. r 14.7.120 Westacre Investments Inc v The State-Owned Company Yugoimport SDPR (also known as) [2009] 2 SLR (R) 166 ...................................................................................................................................... r Pt6.Div9.20 Westacre Investments Inc v Yugoimport SDPR [2008] EWHC 801 ................................................................... r Pt6.Div9.20 Westbrook v Jacobs [2008] NSWDC 246 .................................................................................................................. r 42.30.40 Westeels Industries Ltd v Browne (unreported, NSW Dist Ct, Cameron Smith DCJ, 19 June 1967) .................. DCA 44.20 Western Australia v Southern Equities Corp Ltd (in liq) (1996) 142 ALR 597 ....................................................... r 21.3.220 Western Australia v Ward (2002) 213 CLR 1; 191 ALR 1; [2002] HCA 28 ............................... SCA 106.40, SCR 51.0.200 Western Bulk Carriers (Aust) Pty Ltd v Cosco Bulk Carrier Co Ltd [2002] FCA 1520 ............................................. r 5.3.60 Western National Plant Pty Ltd v Smith Broughton Pty Ltd (unreported, WASC, 26 June 1998) ......................... r 43.2.100 Western Retirement Village Management Pty Ltd v Australian Securities and Investments Commission [2007] FCAFC 75 .............................................................................................................................. r 26.1.80 Westfield Queensland No 1 Pty Ltd v Lend Lease Real Estate Investments Ltd [2008] NSWSC 516 ............................................................................................................................................................................ r 54.3.20 Westgate Finance v May [2012] NSWSC 806 ............................................................................................................. r 34.2.60

[All references are to paragraph numbers.] xciv

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

Westinghouse Electric Corp Uranium Contract Litigation MDL Docket 235 (No 2), Re [1978] AC 547 ....................................................................................................................................................... r 52.1.100, r 52.1.140 Weston v Publishing and Broadcasting Ltd [2009] NSWSC 321 ............................................................................... r 1.12.50 Weston v Publishing and Broadcasting Ltd [2011] NSWSC 433 ................................................................................. r Pt9.60 Weston v Publishing and Broadcasting Ltd (2012) 88 ACSR 80; [2012] NSWCA 79 .... r 12.11.40, CPA 14.60, CPA 59.20 Weston v Publishing and Broadcasting Ltd [2012] NSWCA 79; (2012) 88 ACSR 80 .............................................. r 1.12.40 Weston (liquidator of One.Tel Ltd (in liq)) v Publishing and Broadcasting Ltd (now known as Consolidated Media Holdings Ltd) [2011] NSWSC 433 ..................................................................................... r 12.11.40 Weston and Cussen as liquidators of Karl Suleman Enterprizes Pty Ltd v Metro Apartments Pty Ltd [2002] NSWSC 682 ................................................................................................................... r 31.13.80, r 31.13.120 Westpac Banking Co Ltd v Kekatos [2015] NSWSC 1629 ........................................................................................ r 16.2.40 Westpac Banking Corp v Gilio [2011] NSWSC 1309 ............................................................................................... r 16.3.140 Westpac Banking Corp v Hilliard [2001] VSC 198 ..................................................................................................... r 42.5.40 Westpac Banking Corp v ITS Taxation Services (2004) 183 FLR 273; [2004] NSWSC 50 ..................................... r 26.4.20 Westpac Banking Corp v McArthur [2007] NSWSC 1347 ....................................................................................... r 25.11.20 Westpac Banking Corp v Morris (unreported, NSWSC, Hodgson CJ in Eq, 2 December 1998) .......... r Pt43.60, r Pt43.100 Westpac Banking Corp v Ollis [2007] NSWSC 1008 ................................................................................................. r 42.5.40 Westpac Banking Corporatio v Mahabat [2016] NSWSC 102 .................................................................................... r 17.3.30 Westpac Banking Corporation v Mason [2011] NSWSC 1241 ................................................................................... r 42.5.40 Westpac Banking Corporation v Morris [2014] NSWSC 332 ................................................................................... r 55.11.20 Wheatley v Bell [1982] 1 NSWLR 544 .................................................................................................................. SCA 66.360 Whisprun Pty Ltd v Dixon (2003) 200 ALR 447; [2003] HCA 48 .............................................. SCA 106.40, SCR 51.0.200 Whisprun Pty Ltd v Dixon (No 2) (2004) 78 ALJR 321 .................................................................................... SCA 75A.200 Whitbread v Rail Corporation NSW [2011] NSWCA 130 ........................................................................................ r 42.1.100 White v Local Health Authority [2015] NSWSC 417 ................................................................................................. r Pt57.40 White v Overland (2001) 67 ALD 731; [2001] FCA 1333 ....................................................................................... r 14.14.60 White v Ridley (1977) 140 CLR 342; 27 ALR 661 .................................................................................................... r 6.39.40 White v Viewden Pty Ltd [2005] NSWSC 196 ...................................................................................................... CPA 140.60 White & Co v Credit Reform Association and Credit Index Ltd [1905] 1 KB 653 .................................................. r 22.1.80 White Constructions (ACT) Pty Ltd (in liq) v G B White [2004] NSWSC 303 ....................................................... r 42.5.40 Whitehouse Properties Pty Ltd v Bond Brewing (NSW) Ltd (1992) 28 NSWLR 17 ..................... r 42.15.40, r 42.15.50, Pt 20.Div4.20 Whiterod v Taylor (2006) FLC 93-266; [2006] FamCA 433 ...................................................................................... r 42.5.40 Whitlam v Australian Consolidated Press Ltd (1985) 73 FLR 414; 60 ACTR 7 ..................................................... r 22.2.180 Whitley, Re [1962] 3 All ER 45; 1 WLR 922 ........................................................................................................... r 42.25.40 Whitney v Dream Developments Pty Ltd (2013) 84 NSWLR 311; [2013] NSWCA .............................................. r 42.13.40 Whitney v Dream Developments Pty Ltd (2013) 84 NSWLR 311; [2013] NSWCA 188 ............. r 20.26.40, r 42.13A.20, r 42.15.40 Whyked Pty Ltd v Yahoo! 7 Pty Ltd [2008] NSWSC 477 ...................................................................................... CPA 99.20 Whyked Pty Ltd v Yahoo Australia and New Zealand Pty Ltd [2006] NSWSC 1236 .......................................... r 42.21.200 Whyte v Brosch (1998) 45 NSWLR 354 ....................................................................... r 51.33.40, SC Gen 5, SCR 51.44.20 Wickstead v Browne (1992) 30 NSWLR 1 ............. r 12.7.120, r 13.4.100, r 13.4.260, r 29.9.80, r 49.12.60, SCA 75A.100 Wigley, Re; Ex parte Mullen [1970] 2 NSWLR 297; (1970) 91 WN (NSW) 497 .............................................. SCA 75A.40 Wiki v Atlantis Relocations (NSW) Pty Ltd [2004] NSWCA 174 .............................................. DCA 127.100, SCA 75A.80 Wilcox v Kogarah Golf Club Ltd (1995) 14 ACLC 421 ......................................................................................... SCA 75.20 Wilcox v Poole [1974] 2 NSWLR 693; 698 .......................................................................................................... SCR 68.2.20 Wilcox, Re; Ex parte Venture Industries Pty Ltd (No 2) (1996) 72 FCR 151; 141 ALR 727; [1997] ATPR 41-557 ................................................................................................................................................ r 42.5.40 Wilesmith v Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints [2006] NSWSC 936 ...................................................... r 31.2.100 Wilkinson v Campton [2003] NSWCA 325 ........................................................................................................... SCA 75A.60 Wilkinson v Wilkinson (1901) 1 SR (NSW) Eq 285 ................................................................................................... r 33.4.60 Wilks v Bradford Kendall Ltd (1962) 79 WN (NSW) 850 ................................................................................... DCA 126.20 Wilkshire and Coffey v Commonwealth of Australia (1976) 9 ALR 325 ............................................................... r 36.16.210 Williams v Commonwealth Bank of Australia [1999] NSWCA 345 ....................................................................... CPA 27.40 Williams v Lewer [1974] 2 NSWLR 91 ................................................................................................... r 42.1.60, CPA 98.20 Williams v Spautz (1992) 174 CLR 509; 66 ALJR 585; 61 A Crim R 431; 107 ALR 635; 34 AILR 373 .......................................................................................................................................... r 13.4.160, r 14.28.140 Williams v Stanley Jones & Co Ltd [1926] 2 KB 37 .................................................................................................. r 42.1.50

[All references are to paragraph numbers.] ©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

xcv

Table of Cases

TABLE OF CASES

TABLE OF CASES Williams, Re; Ex parte Weston (1922) 39 WN (NSW) 222 .................................................................................. DCA 199.20 Williamson v Spelleken [1977] Qd R 152 ........................................................................................................... SCR 78.0.140 Willis v David Jones Ltd (1934) 34 SR 303 .......................................................................................................... DCA 126.20 Willis v Health Communications Network Ltd (No 2) [2008] NSWCA 2 ............................................................... r 42.15.80 Willis v Trotter (1897) LR 18 NSW (Eq) 155 ........................................................................................................... r 42.1.100 Willis v Willis [2016] NSWSC 1546 ............................................................................................................................ r 55.7.10 Willoughby City Council, Re [2016] NSWSC 127 ..................................................................................................... r Pt55.40 Wilson v Carter [2006] NSWSC 88 ............................................................................................................................. r 42.1.55 Wilson v Church (No 2) (1879) 12 Ch D 454 ......................................................................................................... r 51.44.100 Wilson v Grace Bros Pty Ltd (1948) 66 WN (NSW) 21; 23 ALJ 19 ......................................................................... r 43.2.80 Wilson v Tetley [2003] NSWCA 124 ........................................................................................... SCA 101.100, SCR 51.0.100 Wily v King [2010] NSWSC 352 ................................................................................................................ r 16.1.40, r 16.6.40 Wily v Lo Presti (1997) 16 ACLC 82 .......................................................................................................................... r 17.6.60 Wily v Terra Cresta Business Solutions Pty Ltd (in liq) [2009] NSWSC 1324 ......................................................... r 7.36.80 Windsurf Holdings Pty Ltd v Leonard [2009] NSWCA 6 .......................................................................................... r 19.3.40 Wine National Pty Limited [2016] NSWSC 4 ............................................................................................ r 26.4.20, r 26.4.40 Wine National Pty Ltd, Re [2014] NSWSC 1516 ....................................................................................................... r 26.4.80 Wine National Pty Ltd [2016] NSWSC 4 ................................................................................................... r 26.4.40, r 26.5.20 Winter v Marac Australia Ltd (1986) 6 NSWLR 11 .................................................................................................. r 25.11.20 Winterbottom v Vardon & Sons Ltd [1921] SASR 364 .............................................................................................. r 22.3.60 Wisconsin v The Pelican Insurance Co 127 US 265 ................................................................................................. r 53.1.160 Witham v Holloway (1995) 183 CLR 525 ............................................................................................................. SCR 55.0.80 Witness v Marsden (2000) 49 NSWLR 429; [2000] NSWCA 52 .............................................................................. r 4.2.100 Wollongong City Council v Cowan (1955) 93 CLR 435 .................................................................................... SCA 75A.140 Wollongong City Council v Falamaki (No 3) [2009] NSWLEC 80 ........................................................................... r 40.8.60 Wong v Minister for Immigration and Multicultural and Indigenous Affairs (2004) 204 ALR 722; 81 ALD 109; [2004] FCA 51 .............................................................................................................................. r 14.14.220 Wong v Silkfield Pty Ltd (1999) 199 CLR 255; 73 ALJR 1427; [1999] HCA 48 ...................................................... r 7.4.60 Wood v Crawford [No 2] [2010] NSWSC 252 ............................................................................................................ r 42.1.62 Wood v Stanton (No 5) (1996) 86 A Crim R 183 ............................................................................................... SCR 55.0.120 Woodcroft v Director of Public Prosecutions (2000) 174 ALR 60 ....................................................................... SCA 75A.20 Woodhouse v Thalis [2017] NSWSC 1725 ................................................................................................................ r 50.3.120 Woodland v Fuller (1840) 11 Ad & El 859; 113 ER 641 ....................................................................................... CPA 109.20 Woods v Harwin [1990] NSWCA 291 ....................................................................................................................... r 51.35.40 Woods v Harwin [1993) NSWCA 291 ......................................................................................................................... SC CA 1 Woodward Pty Ltd v Kelleher (unreported, 30 May 1989) ..................................................................................... DCA 51.20 Woolcock Street Investments Pty Ltd v CDG Pty Ltd (2004) 216 CLR 515; 78 ALJR 628; 205 ALR 522; [2004] Aust Torts Reports 81-742; [2004] HCA 16 .......................................................................... SCA 45.60 Woolf v 52 Birriga Road Pty Ltd [2012] NSWSC 921 ....................................................... r 20.20.60, r 20.23.60, r 20.24.60 Woollahra Municipal Council v Sved (unreported, NSWCA, 24 July 1998) ...................................................... SCA 101.140 Woollahra Municipal Council v Westpac Banking Corp (1994) 33 NSWLR 529 ................................................... r 21.3.140 Woollahra Municipality Council v Sved (unreported, NSWCA, 24 July 1998) .... SCA 101.80, SCA 101.100, SCA 106.40, SCR 51.0.80, SCR 51.0.100, SCR 51.0.200 Woolworths Ltd v Kelly (1991) 22 NSWLR 189 ..................................................................................................... SCA 45.20 Woolworths Ltd v Strong (No 2) (2011) 80 NSWLR 445; [2011] NSWCA 72 ................................................... CPA 101.40 Woolworths Ltd v Strong (No 2) (2011) 80 NSWLR 445; [2011] NSWCA 72 ........................ CPA 101.120, CPA 101.1000 Woolworths Ltd v Wills [2013] NSWSC 1417 ............................................................................................................ r 16.6.40 Workers’ Compensation Commission (NSW) v FAI Insurances Ltd [1983] 3 NSWLR 362 .................................. r 21.3.200 World Series Cricket Pty Ltd v Parish (1977) 16 ALR 181 ................................................................................... SCA 66.120 Worth Recycling Pty Ltd v Waste Recycling and Processing Pty Ltd [2009] NSWCA 354 .................................. CPA 30.80 Worth Recycling Pty Ltd v Waste Recycling and Processing Pty Ltd [2009] NSWSC 356 .................................. CPA 30.80 Wright v Optus Administration Pty Ltd (No 2) [2013] NSWSC 1709 ..................................................................... r 18.1.160 Wrightson, Re [1908] 1 Ch 789 .................................................................................................................................... r 46.4.20 Wu v Statewide Developments Pty Ltd (2009) 73 NSWLR 302; [2009] NSWSC 120 ............ r 31.37.1000, r 31.38.1000, r 31.39.1000, r 31.40.1000, r 31.41.20, r 31.41.1000, r 31.44.20 Wu v Statewide Developments Pty Ltd [2009] NSWSC 587 ......................................... r 31.37.40, r 31.44.20, r 31.44.1000 Wynbergen v Hoyts Corp Pty Ltd (1997) 72 ALJR 65 .......................................................................................... SCA 106.20 Wyong-Gosford Progressive Community Radio Inc v ACMA (No 2) [2006] FCA 1043 ..................................... r 42.21.200

[All references are to paragraph numbers.] xcvi

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

TABLE OF CASES

X X v Sydney Children’s Hospitals Network [2013] NSWCA 320 ............................................................................... r Pt57.20 X v Sydney Children’s Hospitals Specialty Network (No 5) [2011] NSWSC 1351 ......................... r 31.26.1000, r 31.28.40 X, Re [2016] NSWSC 275 ......................................................................................................................................... r Pt57.100 XAG v A Bank [1983] 2 All ER 464 ...................................................................................................................... SCA 66.360 Xenos v National Australia Bank Ltd [2007] NSWSC 973 ........................................................................................ r 41.3.30 Xstrata Qld Ltd v Santos Ltd [2005] QSC 358 ......................................................................................................... r 42.1.120 Xuereb v Viola (1989) 18 NSWLR 453 ........................................................................... r 20.20.100, r 20.20.120, r 20.24.60

Y Y v S [1982] 2 NSWLR 700 ..................................................................................................................... r 7.13.40, r Pt57.180 Yacoub v Pilkington (Aust) Ltd [2007] NSWCA 290 ................................................. r 31.28.80, r 31.28.1000, r 31.30.1000 Yakmor v Hamdoush (No 2) (2009) 76 NSWLR 148; [2009] NSWCA 284 ............................................................. r 7.14.65 Yandil Holdings Pty Ltd v Insurance Co of North America (1985) 3 ACLC 542 ....... r 42.21.100, r 42.21.110, r 42.21.140 Yango Pastoral Co Pty Ltd v First Chicago Australia Ltd (1978) 139 CLR 410; 53 ALJR 1; 21 ALR 585; [1978] HCA 42 ..................................................................................................................................... r 31.36.60 Yarrabee Coal Co Pty Ltd v Lujans (2009) 53 MVR 187; [2009] NSWCA 85 ................................ r 31.10.60, r 31.10.1000 Yarrangah Pty Ltd v National Australia Bank Ltd (1999) 9 BPR 17,061; [1999] NSWSC 97 ................................. r 27.1.40 Yazgi v Permanent Custodians Ltd (No 2) [2007] NSWCA 306 ............................................................. r 42.1.40, r 42.15.80 Yeshiva Properties No 1 Pty Ltd v Joan Marshall [2005] NSWCA 23 .................................................................. r 14.14.120 Yoon v Song (2000) 158 FLR 295; [2000] NSWSC 1147 ....................................................................... r 53.1.20, r 53.7.180 Yoseph v Mammo [2002] NSWSC 585 ..................................................................................................................... CPA 26.60 Younes v QIC Ltd (t/as Westpoint Blacktown) [2012] NSWSC 451 ..................................................................... CPA 140.20 Young v Hones (No 5) [2016] NSWSC 822 ........................................................................................................... CPA 135.20 Young v Jackman (1986) 7 NSWLR 97 .............................................................................................................. SCR 55.0.220 Young v Registrar, Court of Appeal (No 2) (1993) 71 A Crim R 121 ............................................................... SCR 55.0.140 Young v Registrar, Court of Appeal (No 3) (1993) 32 NSWLR 262 ........................................ SCR 54.0.200, SCR 55.0.140 Youngs, Re (1885) 30 Ch D 421 .................................................................................................................................. r 46.4.20 Yu v Cao [2015] NSWCA 276 ................................................................................................................................... CPA 98.60

Z Z v Mental Health Review Tribunal [2015] NSWCA 373 .......................................................................................... r Pt57.40 Z Ltd v A-Z [1982] QB 558 .................................................................................................................................... SCA 66.240 ZN v Australian Red Cross Society [2002] NSWSC 697 ................................................................ r 31.36.120, r 31.36.1000 ZS Projects Pty Ltd v G & R Investments Pty Ltd (1987) 9 NSWLR 686; 89 FLR 335; 8 IPR 460; [1987] AIPC 37,522 (90-392) ....................................................................................................................... r 13.1.100 Zaaiter v Perpetual Trustees Victoria Ltd [2010] NSWSC 512 ................................................................................. r 42.27.40 Zafiropoulos v Registrar-General (1980) 24 SASR 133 ........................................................................................... SCA 66.60 Zalai v Col Crawford (Retail) Pty Ltd [1980] 2 NSWLR 438 ................................................................................ DCA 44.20 Zandata Pty Ltd v Riley [2013] NSWSC 49 .............................................................................................................. r 42.34.40 Zeaiter v Reliance Financial Services Pty Ltd [2007] NSWSC 929 ......................................................................... r 15.10.80 Zepinic v Chateau Constructions (Aust) Ltd (No 2) [2014] NSWCA 99 ................................................................ CPA 98.80 Zepinic v Chateau Constructions (Australia) Ltd (No 2) [2013] NSWCA 227 ........................... CPA 101.60, CPA 101.1000 Zhu v Yingle Culture Exchange (Aust) Pty Ltd [2011] NSWSC 1339 ...................................................................... r 16.2.40 Zhu v Yingle Culture Exchange (Aust) Pty Ltd (in liq) [2009] NSWSC 897 ............................................................ r 21.7.40 Zimitat v Douglas [1979] Qd R 454 ....................................................................................................................... SCA 66.320 Zimmerman Holdings Pty Ltd v Wales [2002] NSWSC 447 ...................................................................................... r 7.24.80 Zippoz Pty Ltd v National Australia Bank Ltd [2011] NSWCA 164 ....................................................................... r 16.3.140 Zisti v Bartter Enterprises Pty Ltd [2013] NSWCA 146 ........................................................................................... r 42.7.100 Zorbas v Sidiropoulous (No 2) [2009] NSWCA 197 .................................................................................................. r Pt35.20 Zorbas v Titan Properties (Aust) Pty Ltd [2005] NSWSC 486 ............................................................................... r 10.14.120 Zuvela v Cosmarnan Concrete Pty Ltd (1996) 71 ALJR 29 ................................................................................. SCA 75A.80

[All references are to paragraph numbers.] ©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

xcvii

Table of Cases

Wyszynski v Bill [2005] NSWSC 110 ........................................................................................................ r 36.5.40, r 40.7.40

Part 1 – Preliminary 1 Name of Act.......................................................................................................................................10 2 Commencement................................................................................................................................ 10 3 Definitions.......................................................................................................................................... 10 4 Application of Parts 3–10.................................................................................................................. 12 5 Jurisdiction of courts......................................................................................................................... 13 6 Repeals, amendments and savings provisions.................................................................................14 7 Review of Act.................................................................................................................................... 14 Part 2 – Administrative matters Division 1 – Rules, practice notes and forms 8 Uniform Rules Committee................................................................................................................. 15 9 Uniform rules..................................................................................................................................... 15 10 Rules of court taken to include uniform rules................................................................................... 16 11 Relationship between uniform rules and local rules......................................................................... 17 12 Officers of the court may exercise functions conferred by uniform rules......................................... 17 13 Officers of the court may be authorised to exercise court’s functions............................................. 17 14 Court may dispense with rules in particular cases........................................................................... 20 15 Practice notes....................................................................................................................................22 16 Court may give directions in circumstances not covered by rules................................................... 24 17 Forms................................................................................................................................................ 24 Division 2 – Fees 18 Fees...................................................................................................................................................26 Part 3 – Commencing and carrying on proceedings generally 19 Commencing and carrying on proceedings...................................................................................... 27 20 Claims for possession of land........................................................................................................... 27 21 Defendant’s right to set-off................................................................................................................ 28 22 Defendant’s right to cross-claim........................................................................................................30 23 Effect of abandoning excess claim................................................................................................... 32 24 Effect of splitting cause of action...................................................................................................... 33 Part 4 – Mediation of proceedings 25 Definitions.......................................................................................................................................... 35 26 Referral by court................................................................................................................................35 27 Duty of parties to participate............................................................................................................. 39 28 Costs of mediation............................................................................................................................ 40 29 Agreements and arrangements arising from mediation sessions.....................................................42 30 Privilege............................................................................................................................................. 42 31 Confidentiality.................................................................................................................................... 44 32 Directions by mediator...................................................................................................................... 45 33 Protection from liability for mediator..................................................................................................46 34 Mediation otherwise than under this Part......................................................................................... 46 Part 5 – Arbitration of proceedings Division 1 – Preliminary 35 Definitions.......................................................................................................................................... 47 36 Appointment to office as arbitrator.................................................................................................... 48 37 Jurisdiction of arbitrator..................................................................................................................... 48 Division 2 – Arbitration 38 Referral to arbitration........................................................................................................................ 49 Determination by arbitrator................................................................................................................50 39 40 Award taken to be judgment of court................................................................................................50 41 Judicial supervision of arbitrator........................................................................................................50 Division 3 – Rehearings 42 Application for rehearing................................................................................................................... 51 ©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

1

Civil Procedure Leg

CIVIL PROCEDURE ACT 2005 – (ANNOTATED)

Civil Procedure Act 2005 43 44 45 46 47

Order for rehearing............................................................................................................................51 Rehearing.......................................................................................................................................... 52 Discontinuance of rehearing............................................................................................................. 53 Costs of rehearing............................................................................................................................. 53 Subpoena at rehearing against arbitrator......................................................................................... 54

Division 4 – Miscellaneous 48 Appearances..................................................................................................................................... 54 Procedure.......................................................................................................................................... 54 49 50 Issue of subpoenas........................................................................................................................... 55 51 Evidence............................................................................................................................................55 52 Refusal or failure to take oath etc.....................................................................................................55 53 Contempt........................................................................................................................................... 56 54 Costs................................................................................................................................................. 56 55 Protection from liability for arbitrator................................................................................................. 56 Part 6 – Case management and interlocutory matters Division 1 – Guiding principles 56 Overriding purpose............................................................................................................................ 58 Objects of case management........................................................................................................... 59 57 58 Court to follow dictates of justice...................................................................................................... 60 59 Elimination of delay........................................................................................................................... 61 60 Proportionality of costs...................................................................................................................... 62 Division 2 – Powers of court to give directions 61 Directions as to practice and procedure generally........................................................................... 63 62 Directions as to conduct of hearing.................................................................................................. 63 63 Directions with respect to procedural irregularities........................................................................... 64 Division 3 – Other powers of court 64 Amendment of documents generally.................................................................................................65 65 Amendment of originating process after expiry of limitation period..................................................66 66 Adjournment of proceedings............................................................................................................. 68 67 Stay of proceedings.......................................................................................................................... 69 68 Attendance at court and production of documents and things to court............................................69 69 Affidavits and witness statements may be read in advance of hearing........................................... 69 70 Informal proof and admissions.......................................................................................................... 69 71 Business in the absence of the public.............................................................................................. 69 73 Power of court to determine questions about compromises and settlements..................................70 Division 4 – Persons under legal incapacity 74 Definitions and application................................................................................................................ 70 75 Settlement of claim made on behalf of, or against, person under legal incapacity......................... 70 76 Settlement of proceedings commenced by or on behalf of, or against, person under legal incapacity...........................................................................................................................................70 77 Payment of money recovered on behalf of person under legal incapacity...................................... 71 78 Application of money by NSW Trustee and Guardian...................................................................... 72 79 Application of money by manager of protected person’s estate...................................................... 72 80 Directions to tutor of person under legal incapacity......................................................................... 72 Division 5 – Interim payments 81 Definitions and application................................................................................................................ 72 Court may order interim payments....................................................................................................72 82 83 Interim payment not admission of liability......................................................................................... 73 84 Adjustments on final judgment etc.................................................................................................... 73 Division 6 – Miscellaneous 85 Examination on oath......................................................................................................................... 74 Orders................................................................................................................................................74 86 87 Protection against self-incrimination in relation to interlocutory matters.......................................... 74 88 Fresh trial.......................................................................................................................................... 75 89 Procedure on fresh trial.....................................................................................................................75 2

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

Table of provisions

Division 1 – Judgments and orders generally 90 Judgments generally......................................................................................................................... 77 91 Effect of dismissal of proceedings.................................................................................................... 77 92 Judgments for possession of land.................................................................................................... 78 93 Judgments for detention of goods.................................................................................................... 78 94 Failure to comply with order to execute instrument..........................................................................79 95 Joint liability....................................................................................................................................... 80 96 Set-off of judgments.......................................................................................................................... 81 97 Arrest warrants.................................................................................................................................. 81 Division 2 – Costs in proceedings 98 Courts powers as to costs................................................................................................................ 84 99 Liability of legal practitioner for unnecessary costs.......................................................................... 89 Division 3 – Payment of interest 100 Interest up to judgment..................................................................................................................... 95 101 Interest after judgment...................................................................................................................... 99 Part 8 – Enforcement of judgments and orders Division 1 – Preliminary 102 Definitions........................................................................................................................................ 104 Enforcement of judgments generally...............................................................................................105 103 104 Judgments for possession of land.................................................................................................. 107 105 Judgments for delivery of goods..................................................................................................... 107 106 Judgments for payment of money...................................................................................................108 107 Deferred payment and payment by instalments..............................................................................111 108 Order for examination...................................................................................................................... 111 Division 2 – Writs for the levy of property Subdivision 1 – Enforcement against goods and securities 109 Effect of writ of execution on goods................................................................................................ 113 How goods subject to conditional bill of sale to be dealt with........................................................ 114 110 111 How securities to be dealt with....................................................................................................... 114 Subdivision 2 – Enforcement against land 112 Effect of judgment and writ of execution on land............................................................................115 Sale or mortgage by judgment debtor of land affected by order.................................................... 116 113 114 Entry onto land for purposes of sale by auction............................................................................. 118 Subdivision 3 – General 115 Effect of sale of property................................................................................................................. 118 115A Notice of writ....................................................................................................................................119 116 Effect of expiry of writ......................................................................................................................119 Division 3 – Garnishee orders Subdivision 1 – Enforcement against debts 117 Operation of garnishee order in relation to debts........................................................................... 119 Time within which payment to be made......................................................................................... 122 118 118A Minimum account balance of judgment debtor............................................................................... 122 Subdivision 2 – Enforcement against wages or salary 119 Operation of garnishee order in relation to income........................................................................ 123 120 Time within which payment to be made......................................................................................... 124 121 Maximum payment under one of several concurrent garnishee orders......................................... 124 122 Maximum total payment under all garnishee orders.......................................................................124 Subdivision 2A – Enforcement by owners corporations against rent 122A Definitions........................................................................................................................................ 125 Application of Subdivision............................................................................................................... 125 122B 122C Operation of garnishee order in relation to rental income.............................................................. 126 122D Time within which payment to be made......................................................................................... 126 ©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

3

Civil Procedure Leg

Part 7 – Judgments and orders

Civil Procedure Act 2005 122E

Minimum income of judgment debtor..............................................................................................126

Subdivision 3 – General 123 Payments by garnishee...................................................................................................................126 124 Procedure where garnishee order not complied with..................................................................... 127 124A Variation, suspension or repayment of payments under garnishee orders.................................... 128 125 Repayment of excess amounts.......................................................................................................128 Division 4 – Charging orders 126 Operation of charging order in relation to specified security interests........................................... 129 Unauthorised transfer or disposal of security interest under charging order................................. 130 127 128 Disposal of security interest by judgment debtor invalid................................................................ 131 Division 5 – Miscellaneous 129 No arrest on mesne process...........................................................................................................131 130 Judgments not enforceable by certain means................................................................................ 131 131 Committal for contempt................................................................................................................... 131 132 Sheriff may appoint custodian for goods........................................................................................ 132 133 Judgments and orders unenforceable until entered....................................................................... 132 134 Stale judgments and orders enforceable only by leave..................................................................133 135 Directions as to enforcement.......................................................................................................... 134 136 Appropriation of payments towards judgment debt........................................................................ 136 137 Execution of judgments and orders for costs................................................................................. 137 138 Other methods of enforcing judgments...........................................................................................137 Part 9 – Transfer of proceedings between courts Division 1 – Transfer of proceedings from lower to higher court 139 Definitions........................................................................................................................................ 140 140 Transfer of proceedings to higher court..........................................................................................140 141 Transfer orders................................................................................................................................ 142 142 Stay of proceedings in lower court..................................................................................................142 143 Proceedings after transfer............................................................................................................... 142 144 Transfer of certain proceedings from District Court to Supreme Court.......................................... 143 Division 2 – Transfer of proceedings from higher to lower court 145 Definitions........................................................................................................................................ 145 Transfer of proceedings to lower court........................................................................................... 145 146 147 Transfer orders................................................................................................................................ 146 148 Proceedings after transfer............................................................................................................... 146 149 Jurisdiction of lower court................................................................................................................147 Division 2A Court 149A 149B 149C 149D 149E

– Transfer of proceedings between Supreme Court and Land and Environment Definitions........................................................................................................................................ 147 Transfer of proceedings between Supreme Court and Land and Environment Court................... 147 Transfer orders................................................................................................................................ 148 Proceedings after transfer............................................................................................................... 148 Jurisdiction of transferee court........................................................................................................ 149

Division 3 – Transfer of proceedings between Supreme Court and Industrial Court [Repealed] Part 10 – Representative proceedings in Supreme Court Division 1 – Preliminary 155 Definitions........................................................................................................................................ 150 156 Application....................................................................................................................................... 150 Division 2 – Commencement of representative proceedings 157 Commencement of representative proceedings............................................................................. 151 Standing.......................................................................................................................................... 151 158 159 Is consent required to be a group member?.................................................................................. 151 160 Persons under legal incapacity....................................................................................................... 152 161 Originating process......................................................................................................................... 152 162 Right of group member to opt out...................................................................................................152 4

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174

Causes of action accruing after commencement of representative proceedings...........................152 Situation where fewer than 7 group members................................................................................153 Distribution costs excessive............................................................................................................ 153 Court may order discontinuance of proceedings in certain circumstances.................................... 153 Effect of discontinuance order under this Part................................................................................154 Determination of questions where not all common.........................................................................154 Individual questions......................................................................................................................... 154 Directions relating to commencement of further proceedings........................................................ 154 Adequacy of representation............................................................................................................ 155 Stay of execution in certain circumstances.....................................................................................155 Approval of Court required for settlement and discontinuance...................................................... 155 Settlement of individual claim of representative party.................................................................... 155

Division 3 – Notices 175 Notice to be given of certain matters.............................................................................................. 156 176 Notices under section 175.............................................................................................................. 156 Division 4 – Powers of the Court 177 Judgment—powers of the Court..................................................................................................... 157 Constitution etc of fund................................................................................................................... 157 178 179 Effect of judgment........................................................................................................................... 158 Division 5 – Appeals 180 Appeals............................................................................................................................................158 Division 6 – Miscellaneous 181 Costs............................................................................................................................................... 159 Suspension of limitation periods..................................................................................................... 159 182 183 General power of Court to make orders......................................................................................... 159 184 Reimbursement of representative party’s costs..............................................................................159

SCHEDULE 1 – APPLICATION OF ACT................................................................................................... 160 SCHEDULE 2 – CONSTITUTION AND PROCEDURE OF UNIFORM RULES COMMITTEE....... 161 SCHEDULE 3 – RULE-MAKING POWERS.............................................................................................. 164 SCHEDULE 4 – REPEALS........................................................................................................................... 167 SCHEDULE 6 – SAVINGS, TRANSITIONAL AND OTHER PROVISIONS.........................................168 Editor’s Note: Repealed provisions in this Act have not been reproduced.

©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

5

Civil Procedure Leg

Table of provisions

Civil Procedure Act 2005

Table of Amending Legislation Principal legislation

Number

Civil Procedure Act 2005

28 of 2005

This legislation has been amended as follows: Amending legislation Number

Date of gazettal/ assent/registration 1 Jun 2005

Date of commencement Ss 8, 17 and Sch 2: 24 Jun 2005; remainder (except 5.3[1]-[3], 5.15[4], 5.17[3] and 5.30[8]): 15 Aug 2005; Sch 5.3[1]-[3], 5.15[4], 5.17[3] and 5.30[8]: 1 Oct 2005

Date of commencement Sch 3: 1 Jun 2005

Dust Diseases Tribunal Amendment (Claims Resolution) Act 2005 Civil Procedure Amendment (Application of Act) Regulation 2005 Statute Law (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act (No 2) 2005 Courts Legislation Amendment Act 2006

22 of 2005

Date of gazettal/ assent/registration 26 May 2005

Reg 409 of 2005

10 Aug 2005

15 Aug 2005

98 of 2005

24 Nov 2005

23 of 2006

17 May 2006

Courts Legislation Further Amendment Act 2006 Crimes and Courts Legislation Amendment Act 2006 Statute Law (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act (No 2) 2006 Mental Health Act 2007

56 of 2006

20 Jun 2006

Sch 2.10: 24 Nov 2005 Sch 1: 17 May 2006 Sch 1: 20 Jun 2006

107 of 2006

29 Nov 2006

120 of 2006

4 Dec 2006

8 of 2007

15 Jun 2007

Evidence Amendment Act 2007

46 of 2007

1 Nov 2007

Courts Legislation Amendment Act 2007 56 of 2007

6

15 Nov 2007

Sch 1.6: 29 Nov 2006 Schs 3.3 and 4: 4 Dec 2006 Sch 7.2: 16 Nov 2007 (Gaz 169, 16 Nov 2007, p 8465) Sch 2.1: 1 Jan 2009: (Gaz 158, 19 Dec 2008, p 12305) Sch 2 items [3] and [4]: 14 Dec 2007; items [1], [2] and [5]–[14]: 28 Jan 2008: (Gaz 182, 14 Dec 2007, p 9537)

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

Principal legislation

Number

Civil Procedure Act 2005

28 of 2005

This legislation has been amended as follows: Amending legislation Number

Date of gazettal/ assent/registration 1 Jun 2005

Date of commencement Ss 8, 17 and Sch 2: 24 Jun 2005; remainder (except 5.3[1]-[3], 5.15[4], 5.17[3] and 5.30[8]): 15 Aug 2005; Sch 5.3[1]-[3], 5.15[4], 5.17[3] and 5.30[8]: 1 Oct 2005

Date of commencement Sch 2.1: 25 May 2009 (Proc 179 of 2009, 22 May 2009) Schs 1.12, 2 and 7: 6 Jul 2009 (Proc 314 of 2009, 3 Jul 2009) Sch 2.1: 1 Oct 2008: (Gaz 92, 25 Jul 2008, p 7281) Sch 3: 1 Jul 2008

Community Justice Centres Amendment Act 2007

70 of 2007

Date of gazettal/ assent/registration 7 Dec 2007

Miscellaneous Acts (Local Court) Amendment Act 2007

94 of 2007

13 Dec 2007

Motor Accidents Compensation Amendment (Claims and Dispute Resolution) Act 2007

95 of 2007

13 Dec 2007

Courts and Crimes Legislation Amendment Act 2008 Mental Health Legislation Amendment (Forensic Provisions) Act 2008

53 of 2008

1 Jul 2008

79 of 2008

5 Nov 2008

Courts and Crimes Legislation Further Amendment Act 2008

107 of 2008

8 Dec 2008

Civil Procedure Amendment (Transfer of 30 of 2009 Proceedings) Act 2009 Courts and Other Legislation 37 of 2009 Amendment Act 2009 NSW Trustee and Guardian Act 2009 49 of 2009

9 Jun 2009

56 of 2009

1 Jul 2009

Statute Law (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 2009

©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

19 Jun 2009 26 Jun 2009

Sch 3.2: 1 Mar 2009 (Gaz 44, 27 Feb 2009, p 1229) Sch 29.1: 7 Apr 2009 (Proc 112 of 2009, 3 Apr 2009) Sch 1: 9 Jun 2009 Sch 1.4: 19 Jun 2009 Sch 2.9: 1 Jul 2009 (Proc 305 of 2009, 1 Jul 2009) Sch 4.11: 17 Jul 2009

7

Civil Procedure Leg

Table of Amending Legislation

Civil Procedure Act 2005 Principal legislation

Number

Civil Procedure Act 2005

28 of 2005

This legislation has been amended as follows: Amending legislation Number Courts and Crimes Legislation Amendment Act 2009

77 of 2009

Date of gazettal/ assent/registration 1 Jun 2005

Date of commencement Ss 8, 17 and Sch 2: 24 Jun 2005; remainder (except 5.3[1]-[3], 5.15[4], 5.17[3] and 5.30[8]): 15 Aug 2005; Sch 5.3[1]-[3], 5.15[4], 5.17[3] and 5.30[8]: 1 Oct 2005

Date of gazettal/ assent/registration 3 Nov 2009

Date of commencement Sch 2.6[1], [2] and [4]–[6]: 3 Nov 2009; Sch 2.6[3]: 1 Feb 2010 (Proc 9 of 2010, 22 Jan 2010) Sch 2.2: 8 Jan 2010

Statute Law (Miscellaneous Provisions) 106 of 2009 Act (No 2) 2009 Courts Legislation Amendment Act 2010 63 of 2010

14 Dec 2009

Court Suppression and Non-publication Orders Act 2010

106 of 2010

29 Nov 2010

Statute Law (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act (No 2) 2010 Courts and Crimes Legislation Further Amendment Act 2010

119 of 2010

29 Nov 2010

135 of 2010

7 Dec 2010

Courts and Other Legislation Further Amendment Act 2011 Courts and Other Legislation Amendment Act 2012 Courts and Other Legislation Further Amendment Act 2013 Courts and Other Miscellaneous Legislation Amendment Act 2013

38 of 2011

13 Sep 2011

Sch 1.7: 28 Jun 2010 Sch 2.1: 1 Jul 2011 (Proc 296 of 2011, 24 Jun 2011) Sch 2.10: 7 Jan 2011 Sch 6.3: 7 Dec 2010; Sch 6.1: 4 Mar 2011 (Proc 118 of 2011, 3 Mar 2011); Sch 6.2: 1 Apr 2011 (Proc 119 of 2011, 3 Mar 2011) Sch 1: 13 Sep 2011

60 of 2012

10 Sep 2012

Sch 3: 10 Sep 2012

1 of 2013

28 Feb 2013

38 of 2013

21 Jun 2013

Sch 1.6: 28 Feb 2013 Sch 1.2: 21 Jun 2013

8

28 Jun 2010

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

Principal legislation

Number

Date of gazettal/ assent/registration 1 Jun 2005

Date of commencement Ss 8, 17 and Sch 2: 24 Jun 2005; remainder (except 5.3[1]-[3], 5.15[4], 5.17[3] and 5.30[8]): 15 Aug 2005; Sch 5.3[1]-[3], 5.15[4], 5.17[3] and 5.30[8]: 1 Oct 2005

Civil Procedure Act 2005

28 of 2005

Date of gazettal/ assent/registration

Date of commencement Cl 3: 21 Jun 2013

7 of 2015

9 Jun 2015

Sch 2.3: 1 Jul 2015 (Proc 299 of 2015, 19 Jun 2015) Sch 4.3: 30 Nov 2016 (Proc 492 of 2016, 12 Aug 2016) Sch 1.2: 24 Nov 2015 Sch 2.6: 8 Dec 2016 (Proc 674 of 2016, 15 Nov 2016) Sch 5.2: 1 Dec 2017 (Proc 638 of 2017, 22 Nov 2017) Sch 1.3[2] and [3]: 25 Sep 2017; Sch 1.3[6]: 1 Dec 2017 (Proc 667 of 2017, 1 Dec 2017); Sch 1.3[1]: 25 Dec 2017; Sch 1.3[4] and [5]: 30 Jun 2018 (Proc 305 of 2018, 29 Jun 2018)

This legislation has been amended as follows: Amending legislation Number Civil Procedure Amendment (Local Court Special Jurisdiction) Regulation 2013 Legal Profession Uniform Law Application Legislation Amendment Act 2015 Strata Schemes Management Act 2015

Reg 296 of 2013

50 of 2015

5 Nov 2015

Courts and Other Justice Portfolio Legislation Amendment Act 2015 Industrial Relations Amendment (Industrial Court) Act 2016

67 of 2015

24 Nov 2015

48 of 2016

18 Oct 2016

Motor Accident Injuries Act 2017

10 of 2017

4 Apr 2017

Justice Legislation Amendment Act (No 2) 2017

44 of 2017

25 Sep 2017

©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

9

Civil Procedure Leg

Table of Amending Legislation

Civil Procedure Act 2005 s1

[CPA 2.20]

PART 1 – PRELIMINARY Commentary by Carol Webster SC. 1

Name of Act This Act is the Civil Procedure Act 2005.

2

Commencement (1) This Act commences on a day or days to be appointed by proclamation, subject to this section.

(2) Schedule 5.3[1], [2] and [3], 5.15[4], 5.17[3] and 5.30[8] commence on the commencement of section 3, or on the commencement of Part 3.2 of the Legal Profession Act 2004, whichever is the later. (3) Schedule 5.3[4] commences on the commencement of section 9. (4) Schedule 5.43 and 5.44 commence on the commencement of section 18. (5) Different days may be appointed for the commencement of a single provision of Schedule 4 or 5 for the purpose of commencing the repeals or amendments effected by the provision on different days.

SECTION 2 COMMENTARY [CPA 2.20]

Legislative history

Assent was given to the CPA on 1 June 2005. The majority of its provisions commenced on 15 August 2005, by ss 2(1), (3) and (4) and Government Gazette No 100 of 10 August 2005, p 4205. Sections 8 and 17, and Sch 2 commenced on 24 June 2005 by s 2(1) and Government Gazette No 77 of 24 June 2005, p 2952. Schedule 5.3[1]–[3], 5.15[4], 5.17[3] and 5.30[8] commenced on 1 October 2005, by s 2(2) and Government Gazette No 105 of 19 August 2005, p 4570. The CPA has been amended by Sch 5.3 to the Act as set out in the Table of Amending Legislation. 3

Definitions (1) In this Act: civil dispute [Repealed]

Def rep Act 1 of 2013, Sch 1.6[1]; insrt Act 135 of 2010, Sch 6.2[1]

civil proceedings means any proceedings other than criminal proceedings. claim for relief includes: (a) a claim for possession of land, and (b) a claim for delivery of goods, and (c) a claim for the recovery of damages or other money, and (d) a claim for a declaration of right, and (e) a claim for the determination of any question or matter that may be determined by the court, and (f) any other claim (whether legal, equitable or otherwise) that is justiciable in the court. costs, in relation to proceedings, means costs payable in or in relation to the proceedings, and includes fees, disbursements, expenses and remuneration. court includes tribunal. criminal proceedings means proceedings against a person for an offence (whether summary or indictable), and includes the following: (a) committal proceedings, (b) proceedings relating to bail, (c) proceedings relating to sentence, 10

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

Part 1 – Preliminary s3 (d)

proceedings on an appeal against conviction or sentence.

cross-claim means a claim by a defendant for the grant of relief under section 22. defendant means a person against whom proceedings are commenced, and includes a person against whom a cross-claim is made. exercise a function includes perform a duty. function includes power, authority and duty. Civil Procedure Leg

hearing includes both trial and interlocutory hearing. judgment includes any order for the payment of money, including any order for the payment of costs. judgment creditor means the person to whom a judgment debt is payable. judgment debt includes: (a) any amount payable under a judgment, and (b) any interest after judgment that is payable on that amount under section 101, and (c) any other amount payable under rules of court without the need for a judgment. judgment debtor means the person by whom a judgment debt is payable. judicial officer has the same meaning as it has in the Judicial Offıcers Act 1986. jurisdictional limit means: (a) in relation to the District Court, the jurisdictional limit of that Court within the meaning of the District Court Act 1973, and (b) in relation to the Local Court sitting in its General Division, the jurisdictional limit of the Local Court when sitting in that Division within the meaning of the Local Court Act 2007, and (c) in relation to the Local Court sitting in its Small Claims Division, the jurisdictional limit of the Local Court when sitting in that Division within the meaning of the Local Court Act 2007. Def am Act 94 of 2007, s 4 and Sch 7; Act 94 of 2007, s 4 and Sch 2

local rules means rules of court other than uniform rules. minor means a person who is under the age of 18 years. motor accident claim has the same meaning as claim has in the Motor Accident Injuries Act 2017. Def am Act 10 of 2017, Sch 5.2[1]

officer, in relation to a court, includes any registrar or other member of staff employed in the administration of the business of the court, and includes the Judicial Registrar of the District Court. ordinary basis, in relation to the assessment of legal costs that a court has ordered to be paid, means the basis of assessing costs in accordance with Division 3 of Part 7 of the Legal Profession Uniform Law Application Act 2014. Def subst Act 7 of 2015, Sch 2.3[1]; am Act 28 of 2005, s 6 and Sch 5.3[1]

originating process means the process by which proceedings are commenced, and includes the process by which a cross-claim is made. person under legal incapacity means any person who is under a legal incapacity in relation to the conduct of legal proceedings (other than an incapacity arising under section 4 of the Felons (Civil Proceedings) Act 1981) and, in particular, includes: (a) a child under the age of 18 years, and (b) an involuntary patient, a forensic patient or a correctional patient within the meaning of the Mental Health Act 2007, and (c) a person under guardianship within the meaning of the Guardianship Act 1987, and ©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

11

Civil Procedure Act 2005 s3

[CPA 3.20] (d)

a protected person within the meaning of the NSW Trustee and Guardian Act 2009, and (e) an incommunicate person, being a person who has such a physical or mental disability that he or she is unable to receive communications, or express his or her will, with respect to his or her property or affairs.

Def am Act 49 of 2009, Sch 2.9[1]; Act 79 of 2008, s 4 and Sch 3.2; Act 8 of 2007, s 199 and Sch 7.2

plaintiff means a person by whom proceedings are commenced, or on whose behalf proceedings are commenced by a tutor, and includes a person by whom a cross-claim is made or on whose behalf a cross-claim is made by a tutor. possession, otherwise than of land, includes custody and power. trial means any hearing that is not an interlocutory hearing. tutor, in relation to a person under legal incapacity, means a tutor appointed to represent the person (whether by the court or otherwise) in accordance with the uniform rules. uniform rules means rules made, or taken to have been made, under section 9. Uniform Rules Committee means the Uniform Rules Committee established under section 8. workplace injury damages claim means a claim for an award of damages to which Division 3 of Part 5 of the Workers Compensation Act 1987 applies. Note: Other words and expressions (for example, rules of court) are defined in the Interpretation Act 1987. (2) Notes included in this Act do not form part of this Act. Note: In the notes to this Act, DCR means the District Court Rules 1973, LCR means the Local Courts (Civil Claims) Rules 1988 and SCR means the Supreme Court Rules 1970. S 3 am Act 10 of 2017; Act 7 of 2015; Act 1 of 2013; Act 135 of 2010; Act 49 of 2009; Act 79 of 2008; Act 94 of 2007; Act 8 of 2007; Act 28 of 2005

SECTION 3 COMMENTARY [CPA 3.20]

Dictionary

The UCPR contains a Dictionary: r 1.2(1). It is found at the end of the UCPR, after the Schedules. In addition, some Parts, Divisions or rules contain definitions which relate only to the particular Part, Divisions or rule. A note at the end of the Dictionary sets out the words and expressions defined in the CPA, which consequently have the same meaning in the UCPR. 4

Application of Parts 3–10

(1) Subject to this section, Parts 3–9 apply to each court referred to in Schedule 1 in relation to civil proceedings of a kind referred to in that Schedule in respect of that court. (1A) Part 10 applies in relation to civil proceedings in the Supreme Court. Subs (1A) insrt Act 135 of 2010, Sch 6.1[1]

(2) The uniform rules may exclude any class of civil proceedings from the operation of all or any of the provisions of Parts 3–9. (3) The Governor may, by regulation, amend or substitute Schedule 1. (4) A regulation under this section may contain provisions consequent on the amendment or substitution of Schedule 1, including: (a) provisions excluding any class of civil proceedings from the operation of all or any of the provisions of Parts 3–9, and (b) provisions modifying any specified provision of Parts 3–9, or of any other Act or law, in its application to any class of civil proceedings. 12

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

Part 1 – Preliminary [CPA 5.20]

s5

(5) Subject to any such regulation, this Act does not limit the operation of any other Act with respect to the conduct of civil proceedings. S 4 am Act 135 of 2010

SECTION 4 COMMENTARY Application of the Act

By amendments to Schedule 1 of the CPA, the CPA now applies to: • all civil proceedings in the Supreme Court, District Court and Dust Diseases Tribunal; • in the Local Court, all civil proceedings under Pt 3 of the Local Court Act 2007 (under which the Local Court has jurisdiction to deal with money claims, claims for the detention of goods and review of contracts), and all civil proceedings under the Property (Relationships) Act 1984; • all civil proceedings in Class 1, 2, 3 and 4 in the Land and Environment Court and from 7 April 2009, Class 8 (mining matters transferred to the Land and Environment Court on abolition of Wardens’ Courts); • from 1 February 2010, all civil proceedings in the Industrial Relations Commission (including, until 8 December 2016 the Commission in Court Session (the Industrial Court)); • from 21 June 2013, all civil proceedings for which the Local Court has jurisdiction under the Crimes (Domestic and Personal Violence) Act 2007 s 91. However, Civil Procedure Regulation 2012 cl 15A excludes those proceedings from the operation of CPA ss 19 - 86 and ss 88 - 154, so that only CPA s 87 regarding self incrimination applies. Civil proceedings are defined in s 3 of the CPA as meaning proceedings other than criminal proceedings. Criminal proceedings are defined to mean proceedings against a person for an offence, whether summary or indictable, and include committal proceedings, proceedings relating to bail, sentence and an appeal against conviction or sentence. Individual court Acts should still be consulted for any exceptions: for example, Dust Diseases Tribunal Act 1989 s 14(5) states that CPA Pt 8 (regarding enforcement of judgments and orders) does not apply to authorise the Tribunal to exercise any function of a court under that Part, however, DDT Act s 10(5) provides that, subject to DDT Act s 13(6) (as to reconsideration of previous decisions) and s 14, a decision of the Tribunal has the same effect as and may be enforced in the same way as a decision of the Supreme Court. UCPR rr 1.5 and 1.6 specify proceedings which are excluded from the operation of Pts 3 to 9 of the CPA: see [r 1.5.40] and [r 1.6.40]. UCPR r 1.6 sets out proceedings wholly excluded from the operation of the CPA to the extent that they are civil proceedings, being proceedings under the Mental Health (Criminal Procedure) Act 1900, the Habitual Criminals Act 1957, the Bail Act 1978, Crimes (Domestic and Personal Violence) Act 2007, Pt 15A and Victims Support and Rehabilitation Act 1996, Pt 4. UCPR r 1.7 provides for local rules that prevail over the UCPR: see [r 1.7.40]. 5

Jurisdiction of courts (1) Nothing in this Act or the uniform rules limits the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court.

(2) Nothing in the uniform rules extends the jurisdiction of any court except to the extent to which this Act expressly so provides.

SECTION 5 COMMENTARY [CPA 5.20]

Existing jurisdiction preserved

Claims in excess of the jurisdictional limit of the District Court and Local Court may be dealt with by express or deemed consent of the parties. The District Court may give judgment for a maximum amount equivalent to 150% of the jurisdictional limit of the court in the circumstances discussed in [CPA 23.60], pursuant to DCA s 51(1) and (4). Similarly the Local Court in its General Division may determine proceedings on a money claim for amount equivalent to 120% of the jurisdictional limit, pursuant to Local Court Act 2007 s 31(1) and (2). ©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

13

Civil Procedure Leg

[CPA 4.20]

Civil Procedure Act 2005 s6

6

[CPA 6.20]

Repeals, amendments and savings provisions (1) Each Act and instrument referred to in Schedule 4 is repealed. (2) [Repealed]

Subs (2) rep Act 120 of 2006, s 4 and Sch 4

(3) Schedule 6 has effect. S 6 am Act 120 of 2006

SECTION 6 COMMENTARY [CPA 6.20] The Acts • • • • •

Act repealed by the CPA

dealing with civil procedure replaced by the CPA include: Administration of Justice Act 1924, Arbitration (Civil Actions) Act 1983, Damages (Infants and Persons of Unsound Mind) Act 1929, Foreign Judgments Act 1973, Judgment Creditors’ Remedies Act 1901.

Relevant provisions of the Local Courts (Civil Claims) Act 1970 are now found in the Local Court Act 2007. Schedule 6 of the CPA contains savings and transitional provisions consequent on the enactment of the CPA and subsequent amendments to it. 7

Review of Act

(1) The Minister is to review this Act to determine whether the policy objectives of the Act remain valid and whether the terms of the Act remain appropriate for securing those objectives. (2) The review is to be undertaken as soon as possible after the period of 5 years from the date of assent to this Act. (3) A report on the outcome of the review is to be tabled in each House of Parliament within 12 months after the end of the period of 5 years.

SECTION 7 COMMENTARY [CPA 7.20]

Development of the CPA

The background to the development of common civil procedure rules for the Supreme, District and Local Courts is discussed in the Attorney General’s Department, An Introduction to Civil Procedure Act 2005 and Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 2005 by Atkinson J and Olischlager S in Lindsay G (ed), The Handbook: Thomson’s Guide to Civil Procedure in NSW (Thomson, 2005), Ch 10, available at http:// www.lawlink.nsw.gov.au/lawlink/spu/ll_ucpr.nsf/pages/ucpr_publications. See also The Hon Mr Justice Hamilton, “The New Procedure – Nuts and Bolts for Judicial Officers” (2006) 7 TJR 449. Since the commencement of the CPA, further provisions of the former SCR and DCR have been transferred into the UCPR, including the new Pt 51 dealing with the Court of Appeal, commencing 1 January 2008.

14

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

Part 2 – Administrative matters Division 1 – Rules, practice notes and forms

s9

PART 2 – ADMINISTRATIVE MATTERS Commentary by Mark Walsh, SC.

DIVISION 1 – RULES, PRACTICE NOTES AND FORMS 8

Uniform Rules Committee

Civil Procedure Leg

(1) There is to be a Uniform Rules Committee comprising 11 members, of whom: (a) one is to be the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court or a Judge of the Supreme Court nominated for the time being by the Chief Justice, and (b) one is to be the President of the Court of Appeal or a Judge of Appeal nominated for the time being by the President, and (c) two are to be Judges of the Supreme Court appointed by the Chief Justice, and (c1) one is to be the Chief Judge of the Land and Environment Court or a Judge nominated for the time being by the Chief Judge, and (c2) [Repealed] (d) one is to be the Chief Judge of the District Court or a Judge of the District Court nominated for the time being by the Chief Judge, and (e) one is to be a Judge of the District Court appointed by the Chief Judge, and (f) one is to be the Chief Magistrate or a Magistrate nominated for the time being by the Chief Magistrate, and (g) one is to be a Magistrate appointed by the Chief Magistrate, and (h) one is to be a barrister appointed by the Bar Council, and (i) one is to be a solicitor appointed by the Law Society Council. Subs (1) am Act 48 of 2016, Sch 2.6[1] and [2]; Act 77 of 2009, Sch 2.6[1] and [2]; Act 56 of 2007, s 3 and Sch 2[1] and [2]; Act 120 of 2006, s 3 and Sch 3.3

(2) Schedule 2 has effect with respect to the constitution and procedure of the Uniform Rules Committee. S 8 am Act 48 of 2016; Act 77 of 2009; Act 56 of 2007; Act 120 of 2006

9

Uniform rules

(1) The Uniform Rules Committee may make rules, not inconsistent with this Act, for or with respect to any matter that by this Act is required or permitted to be prescribed by rules or that is necessary or convenient to be prescribed by rules for carrying out or giving effect to this Act. (2) Without limiting subsection (1), rules under this section may make provision, in relation to all civil proceedings in respect of which a court has jurisdiction (however arising), for or with respect to the matters specified in Schedule 3. (3) On the commencement of this section, the rules set out in Schedule 7 are taken to have been made under this section, and may be amended and repealed accordingly. (4) The rules made under this section may authorise or require the use of an electronic case management system established under clause 2 of Schedule 1 to the Electronic Transactions Act 2000 in relation to any proceedings in a court in respect of which the use of such a system is authorised by an order in force under clause 3 of Schedule 1 to that Act. Subs (4) am Act 119 of 2010, Sch 2.10[1] and [2]

(5) This section does not give power to make rules with respect to: (a) any matter relating to costs that is regulated by the legal profession legislation (as defined in section 3A of the Legal Profession Uniform Law Application Act 2014), or (b) any matter for which Admission Rules may be made under the Legal Profession Uniform Law (NSW). Subs (5) subst Act 7 of 2015, Sch 2.3[2]; Act 28 of 2005, s 6 and Sch 5.3[2] ©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

15

Civil Procedure Act 2005 s9

[CPA 9.20] (6) This section does not limit the operation of section 78 of the Interpretation Act 1987.

S 9 am Act 7 of 2015; Act 119 of 2010; Act 28 of 2005

SECTION 9 COMMENTARY Operation ................................................................................................................................................. [CPA 9.20] Enactment, amendment and repeal of Uniform Rules ............................................................................ [CPA 9.40] Interpretation Act 1987 s 78 .................................................................................................................... [CPA 9.60] References ........................................................................................................................................... [CPA 9.1000]

[CPA 9.20]

Operation

CPA s 3 defines the “uniform rules” to mean rules made, or taken to have been made, under this section and “local rules” to mean rules of court other than the uniform rules. By operation of UCPR rr 1.5 and 1.6 the uniform rules apply in the kinds of civil proceedings in the courts referred to in CPA Sch 1. The uniform rules are the successors to the rules of the courts which were previously enacted, amended and repealed by those courts, other than those local rules preserved by the operation of CPA s 11 and UCPR r 1.7, which local rules are specified in CPA Sch 2. [CPA 9.40]

Enactment, amendment and repeal of Uniform Rules

The uniform rules were originally enacted as CPA Sch 7. CPA s 9 confers power upon the Uniform Rules Committee, which is comprised of the 11 members listed in CPA s 8, to make further rules, and to amend and repeal the existing rules. The uniform rules and the local rules are rules of court; thereby they are excluded from the automatic repeal otherwise required by s 10(2) of the Subordinate Legislation Act 1989 (NSW): see definition of “statutory rule” in s 3 of that Act, to be read with Sch 4. [CPA 9.60] Interpretation Act 1987 s 78 Section 78 of the Interpretation Act provides that the power of a person or body to make rules of court includes the power to make rules of court for the purposes of any Act or statutory rule that permits or requires anything to be done by, or in accordance with, rules of court. Section 78 also provides that if an Act or statutory rule confers any jurisdiction on, or extends or varies the jurisdiction of, a court or tribunal, then the person or body having power to make rules or orders regulating the practice and procedure of the court or tribunal may make rules or orders (including rules or orders with respect to costs) regulating the practice and procedure of the court or tribunal, in the exercise of the jurisdiction so conferred, extended or varied. Thus, CPA s 9(6) expressly preserves the broad powers conferred by Acts or statutory rules and s 78 of the Interpretation Act, notwithstanding the provisions of the CPA and UCPR. [CPA 9.1000]

References

Choy v Tiaro Coal Ltd (in liq) [2018] NSWCA 205 at [12]–[15] Rules of Court: A Study of Rule-Making Powers and Procedures Enid Campbell, 1985, Law Book Company Ltd Delegated Legislation in Australia DC Pearce and S Argument, 5th ed, 2017, LexisNexis Butterworths at 12.20-12.21 10

Rules of court taken to include uniform rules

(1) Rules of court are taken to include the uniform rules to the extent to which they are applicable in that court. (2) Subsection (1) does not authorise the person or body having power to make local rules to amend or repeal a uniform rule in its application to that court.

16

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

Part 2 – Administrative matters Division 1 – Rules, practice notes and forms

[CPA 11.1000] 11

s 13

Relationship between uniform rules and local rules

(1) The uniform rules prevail over any provision of any local rules unless the uniform rules expressly provide that the provision of the local rules is to prevail.

SECTION 11 COMMENTARY Operation ................................................................................................................................................ [CPA 11.20] References ......................................................................................................................................... [CPA 11.1000]

[CPA 11.20]

Operation

The uniform rules prevail over the local rules, but only to the extent of any inconsistency between them. However, UCPR r 1.7 Local rules that prevail over these rules states: The rules of court specified in Sch 2 prevail over these rules. Thus by operation of CPA s 11, and UCPR r 1.7, the local rules specified in CPA Sch 2 prevail over the uniform rules, but only to the extent of any inconsistency between them. The supremacy given to either the uniform rules or the local rules is in all circumstances qualified by the words “to the extent” and “only”. Those qualifications have the result that subordinate rules will be inapplicable but only as is necessary to avoid inconsistency with prevailing rules. By way of example, when a civil proceeding is commenced under the Corporations Act, the Corporations Rules apply, while the UCPR apply to the full extent that they are relevant and not inconsistent with the Corporations Rules. Thus in a matter where both the Corporations Rules and the Uniform Rules deal with service of process and are inconsistent, Corporations r 2.7 will prevail over UCPR r 6.2. However UCPR r 6.2 will apply to the extent that it is not inconsistent by operation of CPA s 11 and UCPR r 1.7, see Choy v Tiaro Coal Ltd (in liq) [2018] NSWCA 205 per Leeming JA at [15]-[33], [46]. Non-compliance with the appropriate rule may engage CPA s 63 Directions with respect to procedural irregularities. That provision has the effect of rendering a departure from the appropriate rule to be an irregularity, as opposed to earlier rules which rendered such conduct to be a nullity, see Choy v Tiaro Coal Ltd (in liq) [2018] NSWCA 205 per Leeming JA at [34]–[36]. [CPA 11.1000]

References

Choy v Tiaro Coal Ltd (in liq) [2018] NSWCA 205. 12

Officers of the court may exercise functions conferred by uniform rules

Without limiting any other functions he or she may exercise, a registrar or other officer of any court may exercise any function conferred on such an officer by the uniform rules. 13

Officers of the court may be authorised to exercise court’s functions (1) The senior judicial officer of any court may, by instrument in writing: (a) direct that any function of the court under this Act or any other Act or law in respect of which the court has jurisdiction (including any rules of court) may be exercised by such registrars or other officers of the court, and in such circumstances and subject to such conditions, as are specified in the instrument, and (b) vary or revoke any such instrument.

Subs (1) am Act 60 of 2012, Sch 3[1]

(2) This section does not limit any provision of the Act by which the court is constituted with respect to the exercise of the court’s functions. S 13 am Act 60 of 2012

©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

17

Civil Procedure Leg

(2) One rule prevails over another, as referred to in subsection (1), to the extent only of any inconsistency between them.

Civil Procedure Act 2005 s 13

[CPA 13.20]

SECTION 13 COMMENTARY Operation ............................................................................................................................................... [CPA 13.20] Delegation of Supreme Court’s functions to Registrars ........................................................................ [CPA 13.40] Delegation of Supreme Court’s functions to Court of Appeal Registrar ............................................... [CPA 13.60] Delegation of Supreme Court’s functions to a Chief Clerk ................................................................... [CPA 13.80] Delegation of Land and Environment Court’s functions to Registrars ................................................ [CPA 13.100] Delegation of District Court’s functions to registrars ........................................................................... [CPA 13.120] Delegation of Local Court’s functions to registrars ............................................................................. [CPA 13.140] Performance of delegated judicial function and judicial immunity ...................................................... [CPA 13.160] References ......................................................................................................................................... [CPA 13.1000]

[CPA 13.20]

Operation

This section permits the senior judicial officer of a court to delegate certain functions to registrars, deputy registrars, or other officers of the court such as the chief clerk, that might otherwise be undertaken by a judge or associate judge. [CPA 13.40]

Delegation of Supreme Court’s functions to Registrars

On 26 November 2012 pursuant to CPA s 13 the Chief Justice directed that a registrar of the court (including a person acting as the registrar or as a deputy to the registrar) may exercise the functions of the court as stated in Pts 1 to 3 of the schedule to that direction. Part 1 of the schedule to the direction is in the form of a table containing three columns, with the delegated functions of the court pursuant to the CPA or UCPR stated in Column 1, but subject to any restriction stated in Column 3. Column 2 is inserted for convenience of reference only to identify the nature of the provision in Column 1. Part 2 of the schedule to the direction is in the form of a table containing three columns, with the delegated functions of the court pursuant to the Supreme Court Rules 1970 stated in Column 1, but subject to any restriction stated in Column 3. Column 2 is inserted for convenience of reference only to identify the nature of the matters in Column 1. Part 3 of the schedule to the direction contains 11 clauses. The first clause is in regard to Orders under various Commonwealth and State Acts and is set out in a table containing three columns. Column 1 is described as “Part and/or rule” and sets out the various Acts and the relevant provisions delegated pursuant to CPA s 13, with the restriction stated in Column 3. Column 2 is headed “Description (for information only)” and identifies the nature of the provisions stated in Column 1. The other 10 clauses contained in Pt 3 of the schedule are specific functions of the court delegated to a Registrar. They include: any judgment by consent and any order by consent; an order for costs provided it is unlikely in the opinion of the registrar that the costs will exceed $20,000; any matter which a Judge or an Associate Judge may conduct or deal with and is referred to a registrar by order of a Judge or Associate, Judge and issuing a subpoena. The content of the direction for the delegation of the Supreme Court’s functions to Registrars can be found in the Delegations section of this service. [CPA 13.60]

Delegation of Supreme Court’s functions to Court of Appeal Registrar

On 2 January 2008 pursuant to CPA s 13 the Chief Justice directed that a Registrar of the Court of Appeal (including a person acting as the registrar) may exercise the functions of the court as stated in the schedule to that direction. The schedule to the direction is in the form of a table containing three columns, with the delegated functions of the court pursuant to the UCPR stated in Column 1, but subject to any restriction stated in Column 3. Column 2 is headed “Description” and identifies the nature of the provisions stated in Column 1. The current schedule contains delegations for: UCPR r 13.4, frivolous and vexatious proceedings, but restricted to incompetent proceedings and failure to prosecute; and also rules in UCPR Pt 51 Court of Appeal, each of which are set out in Column 1 of the schedule, such as provisions for the extension of time. The content of the direction for the delegation of the Supreme Court’s functions to a Court of Appeal Registrar can be found in the Delegations section of this service. 18

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

Part 2 – Administrative matters Division 1 – Rules, practice notes and forms

[CPA 13.120] [CPA 13.80]

s 13

Delegation of Supreme Court’s functions to a Chief Clerk

On 4 October 2007 pursuant to CPA s 13 the Chief Justice directed that a chief clerk of the court (including a person acting as a chief clerk) may exercise the functions of the court as stated in Pts 1 and 2 of the schedule to that direction.

The functions delegated stated in Pt 1 are in regard to CPA s 98 costs and CPA s 100 interest up to judgment in respect to judgment given by default pursuant to UCPR Pt 16. Further delegations of functions pursuant to the UCPR are set out in Pt 1 as follow: UCPR Pt 16 default judgment restricted to judgment for possession of land under UCPR r 16.4, judgment for a liquidated demand under UCPR r 16.6, or judgment for a mixed claim under UCPR r 16.8 but only if the claims are for possession of land and a liquidated demand. It also delegates functions under UCPR rr 36.10 and 36.11 for the filing of certificates plus entry of judgments and orders, and the issue of a writ for possession in respect of a judgment given by default under Pt 16 of the Rules, pursuant to UCPR r 39.1(d). Part 2 of the schedule to the direction delegates other functions to a chief clerk, being in respect of certifying a copy of a judgment, order or document to be a true copy, sealing a judgment or order that has been given or entered in proceedings, or sealing and signing a document that accurately sets out the terms of the judgment or order given or entered in proceedings where the registrar, or other proper officer of the court, is authorised under any Act or Commonwealth Act or under the rules to issue or furnish a certificate, sealed copy or office copy of the document. The content of the direction for the delegation of the Supreme Court’s functions to a chief clerk can be found in the Delegations section of this service. [CPA 13.100]

Delegation of Land and Environment Court’s functions to Registrars

On 24 October 2013 pursuant to CPA s 13 the Chief Judge, Land and Environment Court, directed that a registrar of that court (including a person acting as the registrar or as a deputy to the registrar) may exercise the functions of the Land and Environment Court as stated in Pts 1 to 3 of the schedule to the direction. By that direction the Chief Judge also revoked all earlier instruments made pursuant to CPA s 13. Part 1 of the schedule is in the form of a table with three columns. The delegated functions of the court pursuant to the CPA and the UCPR are stated in Column 1 but subject to any restriction mentioned in Column 3. The matter in Column 2 is inserted for convenience of reference only, it describes the section or rule number in Column 1, and does not affect the operation of the direction. Part 2 of the schedule also is in the form of a table with three columns. The delegated functions of the court pursuant to the Land and Environment Court Act 1979 and the Land and Environment Court Rules 2007 are stated in Column 1 but subject to any restriction mentioned in Column 3. The matter in Column 2 is inserted for convenience of reference only, it describes the section or rule number in Column 1, and does not affect the operation of the direction. Part 3 of the schedule to the direction sets out in 10 clauses delegations in regard to Orders under various Commonwealth and State Acts, also procedural matters for the administration of court, and a delegation of functions regarding the exercise of the registrar’s powers, including under the direction. [CPA 13.120]

Delegation of District Court’s functions to registrars

CPA delegations: On 13 March 2006 pursuant to CPA s 13 the Chief Judge of the District Court directed that the Principal Registrar, registrars for proclaimed places and assistant registrars may exercise the powers conferred by the CPA provisions listed in Column 1 and described in Column 2, but subject to any restriction listed in Column 3. Column 1 contains various CPA provisions including CPA s 26 referral of parties to mediation, but with the restriction of by the consent of the parties, and also CPA ss 140 and 146 being the transfer of proceedings from and to the Local Court, without restriction. ©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

19

Civil Procedure Leg

Part 1 of the schedule to the direction is in the form of a table containing three columns, with the delegated functions of the court pursuant to the CPA or UCPR stated in Column 1, but subject to any restriction stated in Column 3. Column 2 is inserted for convenience of reference only and does not affect the operation of the direction.

Civil Procedure Act 2005 s 14

[CPA 13.120]

UCPR delegations: On 13 March 2006 pursuant to CPA s 13 the Chief Judge directed that the Principal Registrar, registrars for proclaimed places and assistant registrars may exercise the powers conferred by the UCPR legislation listed in Column 1 and described in Column 2, but subject to any restriction listed in Column 3. Column 1 contains delegations of a significant number of UCPR rules. Examples include: UCPR r 1.12 extension and abridgment of time; UCPR r 28.5 orders that matters be consolidated or heard together; UCPR r 42.7 orders that costs in interlocutory applications by payable before the conclusion of the proceedings. [CPA 13.140]

Delegation of Local Court’s functions to registrars

On 12 August 2005 pursuant to CPA s 13 the Chief Magistrate directed that a Registrar of the Local Court may exercise the powers of a court conferred by the legislation listed in Column 1 of the table forming part of that direction, and described in Column 2, but subject to any restrictions listed in Column 3. The Chief Magistrate also directed that a Registrar of the Local Court may exercise the powers of the court conferred by a number of CPA provisions set out in Pt 1 of the table to the direction, and also the provisions of the UCPR as set out in Pt 2 of the table to the direction in respect of civil proceedings. [CPA 13.160]

Performance of delegated judicial function and judicial immunity

The performance of any function of the court by a Registrar pursuant to a direction made under CPA s 13 is the exercise of judicial function of the court’s jurisdiction and powers, which comes within the ambit of the doctrine of judicial immunity, see Judicial Offıcers Act 1986 s 44C; Wentworth v Wentworth (2000) 52 NSWLR 602; [2000] NSWCA 350 at 609 (NSWLR) per Fitzgerald JA; Scanlon v Department of the Arts Sport & Recreation (2007) 70 NSWLR 1; [2007] NSWCA 204 at 25 (NSWLR). Any proceedings instituted against a Registrar in regard to a decision in the performance of such delegated judicial function in the exercise of the court’s jurisdiction and powers comes within the ambit of the doctrine of judicial immunity, are an abuse of process and ought be summarily dismissed. This includes the performance of an administrative function intimately associated with judicial duties, see Hammond v New South Wales [2013] NSWSC 1930. [CPA 13.1000]

References

Supreme Court’s CPA s 13 delegation of functions to Registrars can be found in the Delegations section of this service; see also online at: http://www.supremecourt.lawlink.nsw.gov.au/supremecourt/sco2_ delegationsofcourtfunctions/delegation_to_registrars.html Supreme Court’s CPA s 13 delegation to Court of Appeal Registrar can be found in the Delegations section of this service Supreme Court’s CPA s 13 delegation of functions to Chief Clerks is in can be found in the Delegations section of this service; see also online at: http://www.supremecourt.lawlink.nsw.gov.au/supremecourt/sco2_ delegationsofcourtfunctions/sco2_delegation_chiefclerks.html Land and Environment Court’s CPA s 13 delegation of functions to Registrars is available online at: http://www.lec.lawlink.nsw.gov.au/lec/legislation.html District Court’s CPA s 13 delegation of functions to Registrars is available online at: http:// www.districtcourt.lawlink.nsw.gov.au/districtcourt/delegated_powers/civ_proc_act.html (CPA delegations) http://www.districtcourt.lawlink.nsw.gov.au/districtcourt/delegated_powers/civ_proc_rules.html (UCPR delegations) Local Court’s CPA s 13 delegation of functions to registrars is available online at: http:// www.localcourt.lawlink.nsw.gov.au/localcourts/powers_registrars.html 14

Court may dispense with rules in particular cases

In relation to particular civil proceedings, the court may, by order, dispense with any requirement of rules of court if satisfied that it is appropriate to do so in the circumstances of the case.

SECTION 14 COMMENTARY Operation ............................................................................................................................................... [CPA 14.20] Considerations for the exercise of the discretion to dispense with the rules ....................................... [CPA 14.40] Time, the uniform rules and the common law ....................................................................................... [CPA 14.60] 20

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

Part 2 – Administrative matters Division 1 – Rules, practice notes and forms

[CPA 14.60]

s 14

Power of registrars to dispense with rules in certain cases .................................................................. [CPA 14.80] References ......................................................................................................................................... [CPA 14.1000]

Operation

This section confers on a court in civil proceedings a broad discretion to order that the requirements of the rules of court not apply if it is satisfied that such an order is appropriate in the circumstances of the case. The section is an express statement of the power incidental to the jurisdiction of a court of justice to control its own processes. A similar power was formerly conferred on individual courts by rules such as SCR Pt 1 r 12 (repealed on commencement of CPA s 14 from 15 August 2005). CPA s 14 (together with CPA s 16) confirm that a court is duly authorised to regulate its own practice and procedure in the conduct of business for which it has jurisdiction, see Owners-Strata Plan 62658 v Mestrez Pty Ltd [2012] NSWSC 1259 at [50]–[51]. Non-compliance with the appropriate rule may engage CPA s 63 Directions with respect to procedural irregularities. That provision has the effect of rendering a departure from the appropriate rule to be an irregularity, as opposed to earlier rules which rendered such conduct to be a nullity, see Choy v Tiaro Coal Ltd (in liq) [2018] NSWCA 205 per Leeming JA at [34]–[36].Thus CPA s 14 empowers the court in an appropriate case to dispense with any requirement of rules of court, including by taking into account the overriding purpose. [CPA 14.40]

Considerations for the exercise of the discretion to dispense with the rules

Compliance with the rules is the starting point to determine what is to occur in order to take into account a litigant’s obligation pursuant to the overriding purpose, see Choy v Tiaro Coal Ltd (in liq) [2018] NSWCA 205 per Leeming JA at [36]. CPA s 14 authorises the Court to dispense with requirements of the rules. In determining whether or not to make such an order a court will be concerned with matters of substance insofar as non-compliance with the rules of court is concerned. By way of examples: Pleadings: a failure to comply with pleading rules is not necessarily fatal to a party’s right to rely upon the unpleaded matter, s 14 confers power on a court to dispense with its rules, see Bellingen Shire Council v Colavon Pty Ltd (2012) 188 LGERA 169; [2012] NSWCA 34 per Beazley JA at [24]; Expert evidence: a court may dispense with the provisions of UCPR r 31.36 in the circumstances of a particular case and is unlikely to be churlish such as no notice of motion having been filed under UCPR r 31.36(5), see Sydney South West Area Health Service v Stamoulis [2009] NSWCA 153 per Beazley JA at [11]; Service of notice of motion: a court may dispense with rules requiring service of a sealed copy of a notice of motion pursuant to UCPR r 18.1 or compliance with time requirements in rr 18.4 and 18.5 in respect of service, see Petronaitis v Rowles [2012] NSWCA 236; Failing to claim interest: the mandatory requirement, pursuant to CPA s 100 and UCPR r 6.12(6) - 6.12(8), to claim statutory interest may be dispensed with if the court is satisfied that it is appropriate to do so in a particular case, whether or not such a claim for interest is included in any originating process, see Re Dungowan Manly Pty Ltd (in liq) [2015] NSWSC 915 at [40] – [41]. Considerations by the court will include the matters in CPA Pt 6, and particularly s 56(1), “to facilitate the just, quick and cheap resolution of the real issues in the proceedings” and also ss 57 - 60, see also Aon Risk Services Australia Ltd v Australian National University (2009) 239 CLR 175; 83 ALJR 951; [2009] HCA 27. A relevant matter is whether objection is taken by the opposing party, or if any prejudice is likely to be suffered due to a failure to comply with the rules. The exercise of the discretion is predicated upon fairness to the parties, see Bellingen Shire Council at [24]. The content of CPA s 14 arguably limits its application to rules imposing duties on the parties to litigation. This provision may not extend to a rule imposing limitations on the power of the court, eg orders as to costs pursuant to UCPR r 42.3, see Jeffery & Katauskas Pty Ltd v SST Consulting Pty Ltd (2009) 239 CLR 75; 83 ALJR 1180; [2009] HCA 43 at [23]. A guiding principle is that the rules of the court are to be the servant of justice, not its master. Further, “No matter how inconvenient it may be, a judge must never lose sight of his or her primary duty and that is to ensure a fair trial”, see Hodder Rook & Assocs Pty Ltd v Genworth Financial Mortgage Insurance Pty Ltd [2011] NSWCA 279 per Young JA at [38] (agreed in by Beazley JA and Handley AJA). [CPA 14.60]

Time, the uniform rules and the common law

Further dispensing power is conferred on a court by CPA s 63, which provides that a court may make directions with respect to procedural irregularities where there has been a failure to comply with any requirement of the CPA or the rules of court. The application of s 63 by a court is constrained. It applies by its terms to setting aside the proceedings, any step taken in the proceedings or any document, judgment or order ©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

21

Civil Procedure Leg

[CPA 14.20]

Civil Procedure Act 2005 s 15

[CPA 14.60]

in the proceedings, either wholly or in part. The court may not by order take such action unless the application is made by the party within a reasonable time and, in any case, before the party takes any fresh step in the proceedings after becoming aware of the failure. The uniform rules also provide a discretion for a court to make an order to extend or abridge any time fixed by the rules or by any judgment or order of the court, see UCPR r 1.12. Under that rule the court may extend time either before or after the time expires, ie even if an application for extension is made after the time expires, see Agricultural & Rural Finance Pty Ltd v Kirk (2011) 82 ACSR 390; [2011] NSWCA 67; Weston v Publishing and Broadcasting Ltd (2012) 88 ACSR 80; [2012] NSWCA 79 at [20]. At common law a court may make an order nunc pro tunc, which means “now instead of then”, to cure a procedural defect or an irregularity such as a failure to seek leave to proceed. By such order a judgment is entered so as to have the same legal force and effect as if it had been entered on an earlier day, see reasons of Toohey J for the origin and extent of such orders in Emanuele v Australian Securities Commission (1997) 188 CLR 114; 71 ALJR 717 at 131–132. That decision is authority for the proposition that the failure to obtain the leave of the court before proceeding to apply for the making of a winding-up order is an irregularity that may be cured by the grant of leave nunc pro tunc. Such an order also may be sought to cure procedural irregularities due to failure to comply with the rules, other than where the uniform rules be clear words preclude its application, see for example UCPR r 36.16(3C). [CPA 14.80]

Power of registrars to dispense with rules in certain cases

Pursuant to CPA s 13 the senior judicial officer of each of the Supreme Court, the Land and Environment Court, the District Court and the Local Court has directed that a registrar of the court may dispense with the rules pursuant to CPA s 14 in particular cases, being restricted to those matters with which a registrar may deal. Necessarily such matters will include other functions of each court in respect of which the court has jurisdiction, which also have been delegated to a registrar pursuant to CPA s 13. [CPA 14.1000]

References

Choy v Tiaro Coal Ltd (in liq) [2018] NSWCA 205 at [36] Jeffery & Katauskas Pty Ltd v SST Consulting Pty Ltd (2009) 239 CLR 75; 83 ALJR 1180; [2009] HCA 43 at 91 [23] Owners-Strata Plan 62658 v Mestrez Pty Ltd [2012] NSWSC 1259 at [50]–[51] Petronaitis v Rowles [2012] NSWCA 236 Harding v Bourke (2000) 48 NSWLR 598; [2000] NSWCA 60 at [26] Hodder Rook & Assocs Pty Ltd v Genworth Financial Mortgage Insurance Pty Ltd [2011] NSWCA 279 at [38] Bellingen Shire Council v Colavon Pty Ltd (2012) 188 LGERA 169; [2012] NSWCA 34 Salzke v Khoury (2009) 74 NSWLR 580; [2009] NSWCA 195 Civil Procedure Act 2005, Pt 6 15

Practice notes

(1) Subject to rules of court, the senior judicial officer of the court may issue practice notes for that court in relation to civil proceedings to which this Act applies. (2) A practice note must be published in the Gazette. Subs (2) subst Act 56 of 2009, Sch 4.11

(3) Sections 40 and 41 of the Interpretation Act 1987 apply to a practice note in the same way as they apply to a statutory rule. Subs (3) insrt Act 56 of 2009, Sch 4.11 S 15 am Act 56 of 2009

22

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

Part 2 – Administrative matters Division 1 – Rules, practice notes and forms

[CPA 15.1000]

s 15

SECTION 15 COMMENTARY

[CPA 15.20] Operation This section confers a power on the senior judicial officer of each court, and subject to the rules of that court, to issue practice notes in regard to civil proceedings. It requires that such practice note be published in the Gazette and also makes provision for the disallowance of a practice note by either House of Parliament, by applying the processes prescribed by ss 40 and 41 of the Interpretation Act 1987 in regard to disallowing statutory rules, to practice notes. “By virtue of CPA s 15, practice notes have legislative force, subject to rules of court”, see Owners-Strata Plan 62658 v Mestrez Pty Ltd [2012] NSWSC 1259 per Lindsay J at [50]. [CPA 15.40] Relationship between practice notes and rules The Supreme Court website states that the Court’s Practice Notes provide practitioners and litigants with detailed guidance on how the court manages its cases; and that the Practice Notes complement legislative and regulatory provisions to specifically set out the steps practitioners and litigants are expected to take to prepare a case for hearing. A practice note guides the way in which the proceedings are expected to be administered. It needs to be read in conjunction with the rules and not elevated to a status that it does not have; per Bergin J in Baulderstone Hornibrook Pty Ltd v HBO & DC Pty Ltd [2001] NSWSC 821 at [14]. A contest between the content of a practice note and a provision of the uniform rules, unless able to be made consistent, results in the primacy of the rule; see Welzel v Francis (2010) 77 NSWLR 92; [2010] NSWSC 75 at [12] (contest between SC PN Eq 3 which provides that unless otherwise ordered, a party in whose favour an order for costs is made may proceed to assessment of such costs forthwith, as opposed to UCPR r 42.7(2), which provides that costs of any application or other step in proceedings do not become payable until the conclusion of the proceedings, unless the court orders otherwise). See further in respect of costs of interlocutory proceedings not being immediately enforceable, and that a specific order that costs be immediately enforceable must be made to displace the operation of UCPR r 42.7: His Eminence Metropolitan Petar, Diocesan Bishop of the Macedonian Orthodox Church of Australia and New Zealand v The Macedonian Orthodox Community Church St Petka Inc (No 2) [2007] NSWCA 142 at [49]). However, the court will take into account both the individual circumstances of the case and the purpose and the intent of the practice note in the exercise of its discretion to make any relevant order: Sydney City v Streetscape Projects (Aust) Pty Ltd [2011] NSWSC 452 at [14]. [CPA 15.60] Sections 40 and 41 of the Interpretation Act 1987 CPA s 15(3) makes these provisions in regard to statutory rules applicable to a practice note issued by a court. Section 40 of the Interpretation Act 1987 provides that written notice of the making of a statutory rule must be laid before each House of Parliament within 14 sitting days of that House after the day on which it is published on the NSW legislation website. It also states the content of that notice and the process by which it is laid before each House. Failure to lay a written notice before each House of Parliament in accordance with this section does not affect the validity of a statutory rule, but such a notice must nevertheless be laid before each House. Section 41 of the Interpretation Act 1987 provides for the disallowance of statutory rules by either House of Parliament. On the passing of a resolution disallowing a statutory rule, the rule ceases to have effect and the resolution has the same effect as a repeal of the rule. The disallowance of the rule has the effect of restoring or reviving any other Act or statutory rule, as it was immediately before it was amended or repealed, as if the rule had not been made. Thus CPA s 15(3) empowers either House of Parliament, subject to the written notice and time provisions of s 41 in regard to a rule being laid before either House, to pass a resolution disallowing that practice note. [CPA 15.1000]

References

Welzel v Francis (2010) 77 NSWLR 92; [2010] NSWSC 75 ©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

23

Civil Procedure Leg

Operation ............................................................................................................................................... [CPA 15.20] Relationship between practice notes and rules ..................................................................................... [CPA 15.40] Sections 40 and 41 of the Interpretation Act 1987 ................................................................................ [CPA 15.60] References ......................................................................................................................................... [CPA 15.1000]

Civil Procedure Act 2005 s 16

[CPA 15.1000]

Supreme Court Practice Notes can be found in the Practice Notes section of this service; see also online at: http://www.supremecourt.justice.nsw.gov.au/publications/practice-notes Land and Environment Court Practice Notes are available online at: http://www.lec.justice.nsw.gov.au/Pages/ practice_procedure/practice_notes.aspx District Court Practice Notes can be found in the Practice Notes section: http://www.districtcourt.justice.nsw.gov.au/Pages/practice_procedure/practice_notes.aspx Dust Diseases Tribunal Practice Notes are available online at: http:// www.dustdiseasestribunal.justice.nsw.gov.au/Pages/ddt_practice_procedure/ ddt_practice_procedure.aspx Local Court Practice Notes can be found in the Practice Notes section of this service; see also online at: http://www.localcourt.justice.nsw.gov.au/publications/practice-notes 16

Court may give directions in circumstances not covered by rules

(1) In relation to particular civil proceedings, the court may give directions with respect to any aspect of practice or procedure for which rules of court or practice notes do not provide. (2) Anything done in accordance with such a direction (including the commencing of proceedings and the taking of any step in proceedings) is taken to have been validly done.

SECTION 16 COMMENTARY Operation ............................................................................................................................................... [CPA 16.20] Operation ........................................................................................................................................... [CPA 16.1000]

[CPA 16.20]

Operation

CPA s 16 authorises a court to give procedural directions for which the rules or the practice notes of the court do not provide. This provision (together with CPA s 14) confirm that a court is duly authorised to regulate its own practice and procedure in the conduct of business for which it has jurisdiction. [CPA 16.1000]

References

Owners-Strata Plan 62658 v Mestrez Pty Ltd [2012] NSWSC 1259 at [50]–[51]. 17

Forms (1) Subject to the uniform rules, the Uniform Rules Committee: (a) may approve forms for documents to be used in connection with civil proceedings, and (b) in the case of documents filed with a court, or issued by a court, by means of an ECM system within the meaning of the Electronic Transactions Act 2000, may approve the format in which such documents are to be filed or issued.

(2) Copies of the approved forms are to be made available for public inspection at each registry of the court concerned and on the court’s internet website. (3) If a form is approved in relation to a document to be used in connection with proceedings in a court, a document that is filed with or issued by the court is to be in that form. Note: See section 80 of the Interpretation Act 1987 with respect to compliance with approved forms.

SECTION 17 COMMENTARY Operation ............................................................................................................................................... [CPA 17.20] Online versions of forms ........................................................................................................................ [CPA 17.40] Substantial or strict compliance with forms? ......................................................................................... [CPA 17.60] References ......................................................................................................................................... [CPA 17.1000]

24

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

Part 2 – Administrative matters Division 1 – Rules, practice notes and forms

[CPA 17.1000] [CPA 17.20]

s 17

Operation

This section confers a power on the Uniform Rules Committee (see CPA s 8 above) to approve forms for documents for civil proceedings, including for filing with a court by ECM. [CPA 17.40]

Online versions of forms

[CPA 17.60]

Substantial or strict compliance with forms?

Substantial compliance is a matter of degree and concerns the practical effect of what has been done, compared with the practical effect the relevant provision (not complied with) seeks to achieve; see Tillmanns Butcheries Pty Ltd v Australasian Meat Industry Employees’ Union (1979) 42 FLR 331 at 338 – 339 and 348; Re Asset Risk Management Ltd (1995) 59 FCR 254 at 257; Deputy Commissioner of Taxation (Cth) v Comcorp Australia Ltd (1996) 21 ACSR 590 at 627–628. Substantial compliance with approved forms is required, other than when strict compliance is specified. The Interpretation Act 1987 s 80(1) provides that strict compliance with an approved form is not necessary, but substantial compliance is sufficient. In regards to notice to produce: see Welker v Rinehart (No 9) [2012] NSWSC 839 at [7] (wrong UCP Form used for notice to produce, however substantial requirements met and the fact that a reasonable recipient could not have been misled as to the power that was invoked did not invalidate a notice by the use of an incorrect form nor deprive the notice of the quality of substantial compliance with the proper rule.) The application of the Interpretation Act 1987 s 80 and the authorities referred to above was considered in regard to a UCPR Form 91 Request for service abroad of judicial documents and certificate as the content of an Italian Acknowledgement of Receipt was not in the approved Form 91 for the purpose of UCPR rr 11A.4, 11A.6. However the court found that the subject Acknowledgement was clearly intended to constitute a certificate of service and sufficed, as the practical effect of what was done was no different to what the relevant rule and form sought to achieve. The court found that the Acknowledgement was substantial compliance with the approved form to satisfy the certificate of service requirement restriction in UCPR r 11A.10 on the court’s power to enter default judgment, see Nitro Circus Touring Australia Pty Ltd v Lenzoni [2016] NSWSC 178. However, strict compliance is necessary if an Act or instrument states that a form is to be completed in a specified manner, or that specified information is to be included in or is to accompany a form. Thus such a form will not be duly completed unless it is completed in the specified manner, and with the specified information; s 80(2). [CPA 17.1000]

References

Approved Uniform Civil Procedure Forms: http://www.ucprforms.justice.nsw.gov.au/ A helpful guide to completing and also filing online approved Uniform Civil Procedure forms may be found at: http://www.ucprforms.justice.nsw.gov.au/Documents/ucpr%20guide%20section%201.pdf Interpretation Act 1987 s 80 Welker v Rinehart (No 9) [2012] NSWSC 839 at [7] Nitro Circus Touring Australia Pty Ltd v Lenzoni [2016] NSWSC 178 at [30] Tillmanns Butcheries Pty Ltd v Australasian Meat Industry Employees’ Union (1979) 42 FLR 331 at [338]–[339] and [348] Re Asset Risk Management Ltd (1995) 59 FCR 254 at [257] Deputy Commissioner of Taxation (Cth) v Comcorp Australia Ltd (1996) 21 ACSR 590 at [627]–[628]

©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

25

Civil Procedure Leg

Links to online sources for copies in PDF and Word versions of approved Uniform Civil Procedure Forms are found at [FSC.20], [FDC.20] and [FLC.20]. In addition, links to prescribed Corporations Law forms and general forms specific to the District Court and Local Court may be found at that source.

Civil Procedure Act 2005 s 18

DIVISION 2 – FEES 18

Fees (1) The Governor may make regulations for or with respect to the following matters: (a) the fees payable to a court in relation to the conduct of civil proceedings in the court, including fees for the following: (i) the filing or registration of any document in the court, (ii) the allocation of hearing dates, (iii) the conduct of hearings, (iv) the retention of juries, (v) the sealing or other authentication of any document that has been filed in the court, (vi) the issue of any document out of the court, (b) the fees payable in relation to proceedings referred to mediation under Part 4, (c) the fees payable in relation to proceedings referred to arbitration under Part 5, (d) the fees payable in relation to the examination of a judgment debtor by a registrar or other officer of the court under Part 8, (e) the fees payable in relation to the functions exercised by the Sheriff, whether under this Act or otherwise, (f) the fees payable for administrative services provided by a registrar or other officer of the court, whether in connection with the administration of this Act or otherwise, (g) the waiver, postponement and remittal of fees.

(2) Fees of the kind referred to in subsection (1)(a) or (d) are not payable by the Crown, or by any person acting on behalf of the Crown, with respect to any civil proceedings to which any of the following persons or bodies is a party: (a) the Crown, (b) any Minister of the Crown, (c) any person or body prescribed by the regulations or belonging to a class of persons or bodies so prescribed. Subs (2) am Act 56 of 2006, s 3 and Sch 1[1]

(3) Subsection (2) does not prevent the recovery by the Crown or any such person or body of any fees that would, had they been paid by the Crown or any such person or body, have been so recoverable. (4) Unpaid fees may be recovered by the person to whom they are payable, as a debt, in any court of competent jurisdiction. S 18 am Act 56 of 2006

26

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

Part 3 – Commencing and carrying on proceedings generally [CPA 19.1000]

s 20

PART 3 – COMMENCING AND CARRYING ON PROCEEDINGS GENERALLY Commentary by Carol Webster SC. 19

Commencing and carrying on proceedings

Civil Procedure Leg

(cf Act No 9 1973, sections 53 and 56; Act No 11 1970, section 22)

(1) Subject to this Act, proceedings are to be commenced and carried on in the manner prescribed by rules of court. (2) For the purposes of this Act and the uniform rules, carry on proceedings includes defend proceedings.

SECTION 19 COMMENTARY Comparison ............................................................................................................................................ [CPA 19.20] How proceedings are to be commenced and carried on ...................................................................... [CPA 19.40] Defending proceedings .......................................................................................................................... [CPA 19.60] References ......................................................................................................................................... [CPA 19.1000]

[CPA 19.20]

Comparison

This section adopts DCA s 53 and Local Courts (Civil Claims) Act 1970 s 22, although simplifying the wording. DCA s 56 made specific provision, in similar terms, for defending proceedings. The definition in CPA s 19(2) of “carry on proceedings” means no separate provision about defending proceedings is necessary. The substantive effect of DCA ss 53 and 56 and Local Courts (Civil Claims) Act 1970 s 22 is unchanged. [CPA 19.40]

How proceedings are to be commenced and carried on

Part 6 of the UCPR deals with the way in which proceedings are to be commenced and carried on. There are only two forms of “originating process” (defined in CPA s 3 as the process by which proceedings are commenced), either a statement of claim or summons: see rr 6.2 - 6.4. Under the UCPR, there is no longer any provision for a statement of liquidated claim. See [r 6.2.40], [r 6.3.40], [r 6.4.40]. [CPA 19.60]

Defending proceedings

A defendant may enter an appearance in proceedings by filing a notice of appearance, or by filing a defence: see [r 6.9.40]. The time within which an appearance must be entered, whether by filing a notice of appearance or a defence is set out in r 6.10. The consequences of failing to enter an appearance are discussed in [r 6.10.40]. [CPA 19.1000]

References

See UCPR Pt 6 generally as to how proceedings are to be commenced and carried on. Definition of “originating process” – CPA s 3 and UCPR Dictionary. 20

Claims for possession of land

(cf Act No 52 1970, section 79)

A claim for judgment for possession of land takes the place of a claim in an action for ejectment that could have been brought under the practice of the Supreme Court as it was immediately before 1 July 1972. Note: 1 July 1972 was the date of commencement of the Supreme Court Act 1970.

©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

27

Civil Procedure Act 2005 s 21

[CPA 20.20]

SECTION 20 COMMENTARY Proceedings for possession ................................................................................................................... [CPA 20.20] Procedure in the Supreme Court ........................................................................................................... [CPA 20.40] District Court jurisdiction in possession proceedings ............................................................................ [CPA 20.60]

[CPA 20.20]

Proceedings for possession

This section adopts former SCA s 79, although the wording has been simplified. A reference to an action of ejectment is to be construed as a reference to proceedings for possession of land: SCA s 8(1)(h) and DCA s 190(2). Proceedings for possession of land take the place of the former action for ejectment. A judgment for possession of land takes the place of a judgment for the claimant in ejectment. under the practice of the Supreme Court before 1 July 1972: see [CPA 92.20], carrying forward former SCA s 92. “Land” is broadly defined in SCA s 19. To seek possession of land the plaintiff must have an immediate right to possession at the time the proceedings are commenced: see [r 16.4.40]. The history of actions in ejectment is discussed in Commonwealth v Anderson (1960) 105 CLR 303; 34 ALJR 323; [1961] ALR 354. Service of originating process seeking possession of land is the equivalent of formal re-entry by the landlord and hence forfeiture of the lease: Canas Pty Co v KL Television Ltd [1970] 2 QB 433 at 442C. Mesne profits, ie damages for wrongful occupation of the land, may be claimed from the defendant for the period after service of the originating process, and such a claim may be included in the originating process: see Canas Pty Co v KL Television Ltd [1970] 2 QB 433 at 442D–G. UCPR r 6.8 sets out the specific requirements for service of originating process seeking possession of land: see [r 6.8.40]. Specific legislation may provide a defence to an action for possession, Residential Tenancies Act 2010 s 119, Landlord and Tenant Act 1899 s 2A or Landlord and Tenant (Amendment) Act 1948 s 69(1): see [r 16.4.60]. Special rules apply to the giving or entry of judgment for possession of land: see [r 36.8.40], and to obtaining default judgment on a claim for possession of land: see [r 16.4.40]. A judgment for possession of land may be enforced by issuing a writ of execution, which requires leave of the court under r 39.1(1)(d): see [r 39.1.40] and, as to enforcement of judgments generally: [r Pt36.40]. [CPA 20.40]

Procedure in the Supreme Court

The procedure for proceedings for possession in the Supreme Court is found in r 45.4. [Practice Note SC CL 6, “Supreme Court Common Law Division – Possession List”: reproduced in the Practice Note section of this service and the procedure for the initial directions hearing before a judge in defended matters in the Possession List], set out in the document “Procedure in defended Possession List matters” published on the Supreme Court web-site [Lawlink > Supreme Court > Practice and Procedure > Claims for possession of land]. See: http://www.supremecourt.justice.nsw.gov.au/Pages/sco2_practiceprocedure/SCO2_claimsland/procedure_ for_defended_matters.aspx [CPA 20.60]

District Court jurisdiction in possession proceedings

The District Court has jurisdiction in proceedings for possession of land the value of which does not exceed $20,000: DCA s 133(1). See [DCA133.20]–[DCA133.40]. As to the venue for proceedings under DCA s 133, see UCPR Pt 8. The practice and procedure of the District Court is, so far as practicable, to be the same as that in the Supreme Court in proceedings for possession: DCA s 137(c): see [DCA 137.60]. 21

Defendant’s right to set-off

(1) If there are mutual debts between a plaintiff and a defendant in any proceedings, the defendant may, by way of defence, set off against the plaintiff’s claim any debt that is owed by the plaintiff to the defendant and that was due and payable at the time the defence of set-off was filed, whether or not the mutual debts are different in nature. (2) This section extends to civil proceedings in which one or more of the mutual debts is owed by or to a deceased person who is represented by a legal personal representative. 28

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

Part 3 – Commencing and carrying on proceedings generally [CPA 21.40]

s 21

(3) This section does not apply to the extent to which the plaintiff and defendant have agreed that debts (whether generally or as to specific debts) may not be set off against each other. (4) This section does not affect any other rights or obligations of a debtor or creditor in respect of mutual debts, whether arising in equity or otherwise. (5) This section is subject to section 120 of the Industrial Relations Act 1996. (6) In this section, debt means any liquidated claim. Note: The application of this provision to existing debts is dealt with in clause 6 of Schedule 6 (Savings,

SECTION 21 COMMENTARY Reintroduction of set-off ......................................................................................................................... [CPA 21.20] Equitable set-off ..................................................................................................................................... [CPA 21.40] Transitional provisions ........................................................................................................................... [CPA 21.60] Industrial Relations Act 1996 s 120 – proceedings to recover remuneration ....................................... [CPA 21.80] References ......................................................................................................................................... [CPA 21.1000]

[CPA 21.20] Reintroduction of set-off The major substantive change made in Pt 3 of the CPA is the reintroduction of set off. This was recommended by the Law Reform Commission in Report No 94. CPA s 21(1) - 21(4)and (6). The transitional provisions in CPA Sch 6 cl 6 carry into effect the recommendation for statutory reintroduction of set-off made by the Law Reform Commission in Report No 94. Before the commencement of Imperial Acts Application Act 1969 s 8, the former United Kingdom Statutes of Set-off of 1729 and 1735 provided for statutory set-off in New South Wales. They were repealed by Imperial Acts Application Act 1969 s 8. From 1 July 1972, SCR Pt 15 r 25 provided for legal set-off (see Stehar Knitting Mills Pty Ltd v Southern Textile Converters Pty Ltd [1980] 2 NSWLR 514), but Pt 15 r 25 was repealed in 1984. Thereafter only set-off in insolvency and the equitable right of set-off remained: Sydmar Pty Ltd v Statewise Developments Pty Ltd (1987) 73 ALR 289; 11 ACLR 616; 5 ACLC 480. The history of the distinction between set-off and cross-claim is discussed at [r Pt9.40]. Between 1984 and 2005, what may have been a form of set-off has been pleaded by way of cross-claim, requiring separate formal process and exposing the defendant to potential cost consequences in meeting both the plaintiff’s claim and separately prosecuting a cross-claim. The reintroduction of statutory set-off in CPA s 21 was intended to overcome these difficulties. It should be noted that the definitions of “plaintiff” and “defendant” in CPA s 3 include a person by whom and a person against whom a cross-claim is made, so the availability of set-off is not limited to the parties to the original claim made by a plaintiff. As the Law Reform Commission noted in its report, a cross-claim is not a “defence” to a plaintiff’s claim. Set-off, where available, allows the defendant to apply the debt owed by the plaintiff to discharge all or part of the plaintiff’s claim. It can be used by a defendant to avoid entry of a summary judgment in favour of the plaintiff. Local Court judgments may be set-off under CPA s 96: see [CPA 96.20]. [CPA 21.40] Equitable set-off Equitable set-off is available where the defendant can show a recognised equitable ground for being protected from the plaintiff’s demand, that is, that it would be unjust or inequitable for the plaintiff to proceed with the claim made; the mere existence of cross-demands is not sufficient: Active Adult Management Pty Ltd v Milstern Retirement Living Pty Ltd [2017] NSWSC 1238 at [82]-[85]; Hawes v Dean [2014] NSWCA 380 at [61]-[65]; HP Mercantile Pty Ltd v Dierickx [2013] NSWCA 479 at [136]; James v Commonwealth Bank of Australia (1992) 37 FCR 445; 109 ALR 334; 8 ACSR 444; AWA Ltd v Exicom Australia Pty Ltd (1990) 19 NSWLR 705 at 712, 714. Unliquidated damages may be set-off in equity, between the original parties, and, as against an assignee, where arising out of and inseparably connected with the dealings and transactions giving rise to the assignment: Roadshow Entertainment Pty Ltd v (ACN 053 006 269) Pty Ltd (formerly CEL Home Video Pty Ltd) (1997) 42 NSWLR 462 at 481E–482F. ©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

29

Civil Procedure Leg

transitional and other provisions).

Civil Procedure Act 2005 s 22

[CPA 21.40]

Equitable set-off may be available for liquidated cross-demands which are payable in the future: Roadshow Entertainment Pty Ltd v (ACN 053 006 269) Pty Ltd (formerly CEL Home Video Pty Ltd) (1997) 42 NSWLR 462 at 488D–489E. [CPA 21.60]

Transitional provisions

The transitional provisions in CPA Sch 6 cl 6 provide: (1) Subject to subclause (2), section 21 extends to: (a) any debt arising under an agreement entered into before the commencement of that section, and (b) any other debt arising before the commencement of that section. (2) The court may order that section 21 does not apply to a debt referred to in subclause (1)(a) if it is satisfied that it would be in the interests of justice to make such an order. As noted above, this was in accordance with the recommendation made by the Law Reform Commission. As recommended by the Law Reform Commission, cl 6(2) allows the court to order that CPA s 21 does not apply to a debt arising under an agreement entered into before the commencement of the section if satisfied that it would be in the interests of justice to so order. The parties may contract out of set-off, under CPA s 21(3). [CPA 21.80]

Industrial Relations Act 1996 s 120 – proceedings to recover remuneration

The Industrial Relations Act 1996 s 120 provides: (1) In any proceedings by an employee against the employer to recover any amount due as remuneration, the employer is not entitled to any set-off or reduction of the claim in respect of: (a) any goods or services supplied to the employee as, or as part of, remuneration, or (b) any goods sold or supplied at any shop or other premises of the employer or in the profits of which the employer has any share or interest, or (c) any goods supplied to the employee by any person under the direction of the employer or the employer’s agent. (2) An employer is not entitled to maintain any action in any court or tribunal against an employee for or in respect of any goods sold or supplied to the employee by the employer while in the employer’s employment as or as part of the employee’s remuneration. The effect of CPA s 21(5) is to ensure that in proceedings brought by an employee against the employer to recover amounts due as remuneration, there can be no set-off pursuant to CPA s 21 in respect of goods or services supplied to the employee by the employer in the circumstances set out in the Industrial Relations Act 1996 s 120(1). [CPA 21.1000]

References

New South Wales Law Reform Commission Report No 94 – Set Off (February 2000). See generally the discussion in Cairns BC, Australian Civil Procedure (10th ed, Lawbook Co., 2014) [7.180]–[7.370]. Related provisions: CPA ss 22, 96; UCPR Pt 9. 22

Defendant’s right to cross-claim

(cf Act No 52 1970, section 78; Act No 11 1970, section 15; DCR Part 20, rule 1)

(1) Subject to subsection (2), the court may grant to the defendant in any proceedings (the first proceedings) such relief against any person (whether or not a plaintiff in the proceedings) as the court might grant against that person in separate proceedings commenced by the defendant for that purpose. (2) Relief may not be granted under this section against a person who is not a plaintiff in the first proceedings unless the relief relates to, or is connected with, the subject of the first proceedings. (3) A person against whom a defendant makes a claim for relief under this section: (a) has the same rights in respect of his or her defence against the claim as he or she would have in separate proceedings commenced against the person by the defendant, and 30

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

Part 3 – Commencing and carrying on proceedings generally [CPA 22.80]

if not already a party to the first proceedings: (i) becomes a party to the first proceedings, and (ii) unless the court otherwise orders, is bound by any judgment (including a judgment by consent or by default) or decision (including a decision by consent) on any claim for relief in the proceedings (including a claim for relief in any cross-claim in the proceedings).

SECTION 22 COMMENTARY Comparison ............................................................................................................................................ [CPA 22.20] Section procedural and does not confer substantive rights .................................................................. [CPA 22.40] Relationship of cross-claim to plaintiff’s claim ....................................................................................... [CPA 22.60] Cross-claim against third party .............................................................................................................. [CPA 22.80] Procedure ............................................................................................................................................. [CPA 22.100] References ......................................................................................................................................... [CPA 22.1000]

[CPA 22.20]

Comparison

The section is substantially based on SCA s 78. SCA s 78(2) specifically provided that the relief which could be granted under the section included relief in respect of any equitable or legal estate or right. “Claim for relief” is now defined in CPA s 3 in broad terms: see CPA s 3(1). The substantive effect of SCA s 78 is unchanged. The bringing of a cross-claim was provided for in the District Court by Pt 20 r 1, and in the Local Court by Local Courts (Civil Claims) Act 1970 s 15. Those provisions were considerably less detailed than SCA s 78 and dealt also with questions of abandoning part of cross-claims in excess of the court’s jurisdictional limit. That issue is now dealt with in CPA s 23 in relation to abandoning excess claims generally: see [CPA 23.20]. [CPA 22.40]

Section procedural and does not confer substantive rights

It had been held that SCA s 78 is procedural only and does not confer substantive rights whether the defendant is seeking to establish a right against a third party to the proceedings or making a cross-claim against the plaintiff: Southern Textile Converters Pty Ltd v Stehar Knitting Mills Pty Ltd [1979] 1 NSWLR 692. [CPA 22.60]

Relationship of cross-claim to plaintiff’s claim

There are differences where a cross-claim is brought by the defendant against the plaintiff or against a third party. A cross-claim brought by the defendant against the plaintiff need not relate to or be connected with the plaintiff’s claim, or arise out of the same transaction. All that is necessary is that the cross-claim is between the same parties as the original claim and is within the jurisdiction of the court. An equitable set-off may be raised by way of cross-claim: AWA Ltd v Exicom Australia Pty Ltd (1990) 19 NSWLR 705 at 712. [CPA 22.80]

Cross-claim against third party

Relief claimed by a defendant, as a cross-claimant, against a third party must relate to or be connected with the subject of the action by the plaintiff against the defendant: Dillingham Constructions Pty Ltd v Steel Mains Pty Ltd (1975) 132 CLR 323; 49 ALJR 233; 6 ALR 171. A third party against whom a cross-claim is brought becomes a party to the proceedings and is bound by the decision between the plaintiff and the defendant. The “cross-defendant” does not, without further order, become a defendant as against the plaintiff who commenced the proceedings and will not be permitted to intrude on the conduct of the proceedings as between the plaintiff and defendant. As the cross-defendant is bound by the result of the proceedings, under the Anshun principle (Port of Melbourne Authority v Anshun Pty Ltd (1981) 147 CLR 589; 55 ALJR 621; 36 ALR 3), the cross-defendant may be estopped in subsequent proceedings from raising a claim which could have been but was not raised in proceedings to which the cross-defendant is joined: see [r 14.14.220] and specifically in relation to cross-claims: Sandtara Pty Ltd v Abigroup Ltd (1997) 42 NSWLR 5 at 8-9 and Insurance Exchange of Australasia v Dooley (2000) 50 NSWLR 222; [2000] NSWCA 159 at 228–229 (NSWLR). As between the defendant joining the cross-claimant and the cross-defendant, the cross-defendant may raise a defence which ©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

31

Civil Procedure Leg

(b)

s 22

Civil Procedure Act 2005 s 23

[CPA 22.80]

the cross-claimant had declined to raise as against the plaintiff: Barclays Bank Ltd v Tom [1923] 1 KB 221 at 223; provided raising the issue is of advantage to the cross-defendant: Parramatta City Council v Sandell [1973] 1 NSWLR 151; (1973) 29 LGRA 101 at 174 (NSWLR). It is also open to a plaintiff to join as a defendant a “third-party” brought into proceedings as a cross-defendant, in appropriate circumstances: see [r 6.19.40], [r 6.20.40], [r 6.21.40]. [CPA 22.100]

Procedure

The procedure regarding cross-claims generally is set out in UCPR Pt 9. If the cross-claim cannot conveniently be tried in the same proceedings, the court may order separate trials or make other appropriate orders: see [r 9.8.40]. A cross-claim may be separately prosecuted: see [r 9.10.60]. The court has power generally to order separate trials if the joinder of a party or cause of action is inconvenient: see [r 6.22.40]. Under the UCPR, a cross-claim must be contained in a separate document: UCPR r 4.8 (this is to meet the future requirements of CourtLink). Consequently, a cross-claim brought by the defendant against the plaintiff can no longer be combined with the defence. [CPA 22.1000]

References

See generally the discussion in Cairns BC, Australian Civil Procedure (10th ed, Lawbook Co., 2014) [7.240]–[7.370]. UCPR Pt 9 regarding cross-claims generally and UCPR r 6.22 re inconvenient joinder. Approved forms: Form 9 Statement of cross-claim and Form 10 Cross-summons; UCPR r 4.8. 23

Effect of abandoning excess claim

(cf Act No 9 1973, section 50; Act No 11 1970, section 14)

(1) If, in any proceedings on a claim, the cause of action giving rise to the claim is for more than the court’s jurisdictional limit: (a) the person may abandon the excess by a statement to that effect in the originating process, and (b) in that event, the person’s claim is taken to be reduced by the amount of the excess. (2) If a person’s claim is successful in respect of a cause of action: (a) the amount recoverable by the person (exclusive of costs and interest) is not to exceed the court’s jurisdictional limit, and (b) the judgment in the proceedings is in full discharge of all of the person’s demands in respect of that cause of action, and (c) entry of the judgment in the records of the court is to be made accordingly. (3) This section is subject to section 51 of the District Court Act 1973 and section 31 of the Local Court Act 2007. Note: Under those sections, claims in the District Court or the Local Court for amounts in excess of the court’s jurisdictional limit can, in some cases, be dealt with by consent of parties. Subs (3) am Act 94 of 2007, s 4 and Sch 2; Act 94 of 2007, s 3 and Sch 1.12[1] S 23 am Act 94 of 2007

SECTION 23 COMMENTARY Comparison ............................................................................................................................................ [CPA 23.20] Abandoning excess ................................................................................................................................ [CPA 23.40] Extended jurisdiction – deemed consent ............................................................................................... [CPA 23.60]

[CPA 23.20]

Comparison

The section adopted DCA s 50 and former Local Courts (Civil Claims) Act 1970 s 14. The substantive effects of those sections are unchanged, although the wording has been simplified. 32

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

Part 3 – Commencing and carrying on proceedings generally [CPA 23.60]

s 24

This section deals both with claims and cross-claims. They had been the subject of separate provisions in DCR Pt 20 and Local Courts (Civil Claims) Act 1970 s 15. [CPA 23.40]

Abandoning excess

A specific statement must be made in the originating process that the claim in excess of the court’s jurisdictional limit is abandoned. Extended jurisdiction – deemed consent

Section 23(3) expressly states that the section is subject to DCA s 51 and Local Court Act 2007 s 31 (formerly Local Courts Act 1982 s 66). As the note to the subsection indicates, those sections permit the claims in excess of the court’s jurisdictional limit to be dealt with by the consent of the parties. DCA s 51 and the former Local Courts Act 1982 s 66 were amended by the CPA (Sch 5.12 item [18] and Sch 5.30 item [7]). DCA s 51 provides that the court has jurisdiction with respect to a claim exceeding the jurisdictional limit of the court as at the time the action was commenced and may give judgment for a maximum amount equivalent to 150% of the jurisdictional limit of the court when the action was commenced: DCA s 51(1) and (4). The court has jurisdiction in two circumstances: first, if a memorandum of consent signed by all of the parties is filed: DCA s 51(2)(a) and (7); second and importantly, if no objection to the court’s jurisdiction has been raised by any of the parties prior to three months before trial of the action commences: DCA s 51(2)(b). Under Local Court Act 2007 s 31, the Local Court in its General Division has jurisdiction to hear and determine proceedings on a money claim for an amount equivalent to 120% of the jurisdictional limit of the court when sitting in the General Division in two circumstances: first, if a memorandum of consent signed by all of the parties is filed: Local Court Act 2007 s 31(1)(a) and (2); second if no objection to the court’s jurisdiction has been raised by any of the parties prior to one month before trial of the action commences: Local Court Act 2007 s 31(1)(b). “Money claim” is defined in Local Court Act 2007 s 29A. Practitioners need to be astute to the implications of deemed consent to extended jurisdiction under DCA s 51(2)(b) and Local Court Act 2007 s 31(1)(b). A defendant can have “notice” of a claim in excess of the jurisdictional limit and so the need to object (if that be the case) without the statement of claim stating the specific amount claimed, as occurs in a claim for unliquidated damages. The plaintiff can rely upon the details of “the amount claimed” set out in a statement of particulars: Richards v Cornford (2010) 76 NSWLR 572; [2010] NSWCA 99 at [31]. 24

Effect of splitting cause of action

(cf Act No 9 1973, section 49; Act No 11 1970, section 13)

(1) If: (a) a person (the first person) splits any cause of action against another person (the other person) so as to commence proceedings, or make a cross-claim, for part only of the amount for which proceedings may be commenced on that cause, and (b) judgment is given or entered, or a final order is made, on the proceedings or cross-claim, the other person is entitled to judgment in any other proceedings, whether in that or any other court, with respect to the same cause of action. (2) Despite subsection (1), if the other person has given a number of securities in respect of a claim made by the first person, the first person: (a) may commence proceedings in any court in respect of each of those securities, or (b) may make a cross-claim in proceedings in any court in respect of each of those securities, as if each of those securities gave rise to a distinct cause of action, and may do so whether or not the claim made by the first person is for an amount that is more than the court’s jurisdictional limit.

SECTION 24 COMMENTARY Comparison ............................................................................................................................................ [CPA 24.20] Effect of splitting cause of action ........................................................................................................... [CPA 24.40] ©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

33

Civil Procedure Leg

[CPA 23.60]

Civil Procedure Act 2005 s 24

[CPA 24.20]

Running account .................................................................................................................................... [CPA 24.60] Separate securities ................................................................................................................................ [CPA 24.80]

[CPA 24.20]

Comparison

The section adopts the wording of DCA s 49 and Local Courts (Civil Claims) Act 1970 s 13, although the wording has been simplified. The substantive effect of those sections is unchanged. [CPA 24.40]

Effect of splitting cause of action

CPA s 24 re-enacts the common law rule against splitting a cause of action in order to bring a series of actions within the restricted jurisdiction of an inferior court: Pioneer Concrete (Vic) Pty Ltd v L Grollo & Co Pty Ltd [1973] VR 473; Brincat v Kilsby [1983] 1 VR 625. While there is no rule of law prohibiting a plaintiff in the Supreme Court (where there is no relevant jurisdictional limit) from dividing a cause of action: Pioneer Concrete (Vic) Pty Ltd v L Grollo & Co Pty Ltd [1973] VR 473; bringing multiple proceedings may give rise to an Anshun estoppel (Port of Melbourne Authority v Anshun Pty Ltd (1981) 147 CLR 589; 55 ALJR 621; 36 ALR 3) or a defence of res judicata if part of the split action were determined first: see [r 14.14.200] and [r 14.14.220]. Where CPA s 24(1) applies, on the plaintiff obtaining judgment or a final order on the first of the proceedings or cross-claims, the other party may enter judgment in its favour in any other proceedings in any other court with respect to the same cause of action. The rule operates in respect of proceedings brought by an insurer on the insured’s cause of action; an insurer does not have a separate or independent cause of action compared to the insured: Sydney Turf Club v Crowley [1971] 1 NSWLR 724 at 734. CPA s 24(1) is an impediment to separate proceedings commenced by an insurer in the name of the insured where judgment had already been entered on proceedings against the same defendant commenced by the insured directly. [CPA 24.60]

Running account

Generally, a running account will give rise to one cause of action only, so that although the transactions giving rise to the account may have been separate and occurring at different times, they cannot be divided and made the subject of separate proceedings: Ex parte Delaforce (1888) 4 WN (NSW) 165; 9 LR (NSW) 133; Pioneer Concrete (Vic) Pty Ltd v L Grollo & Co Pty Ltd [1973] VR 473. [CPA 24.80]

Separate securities

CPA s 24 is concerned with unsecured claims. Separate securities are specifically excluded from the operation the rule by CPA s 24(2).

34

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

Part 4 – Mediation of proceedings [CPA 25.20]

s 26

PART 4 – MEDIATION OF PROCEEDINGS Commentary by Deborah Robinson, Barrister. Updated by Greg Sarginson, Barrister (previously updated by Mary-Ann de Mestre, Solicitor of NSW, Adjunct Fellow of Western Sydney University).

PART 4 COMMENTARY Comparison

The previous DCA provisions were closely modelled on the SCA provisions. Part 4 largely incorporates the old provisions from the SCA and DCA, with two significant changes, being ss 29(2) and 32; refer to the annotations underneath. The old rules were contained in Pt 72C of SCR; there were no rules under the DCR. The new mediation rules are contained in UCPR Pt 20. 25

Definitions

(cf Act No 52 1970, sections 110I and 110J; Act No 9 1973, sections 163 and 164; Act No 11 1970, sections 21J and 21K)

In this Part: mediation means a structured negotiation process in which the mediator, as a neutral and independent party, assists the parties to a dispute to achieve their own resolution of the dispute. mediation session means a meeting arranged for the mediation of a matter. mediator means a person to whom the court has referred a matter for mediation.

SECTION 25 COMMENTARY [CPA 25.20]

Application

Part 4 does not apply to proceedings in the Small Claims Division of the Local Court: see Sch 1 of the UCPR. 26

Referral by court

(cf Act No 52 1970, section 110K; Act No 9 1973, section 164A; Act No 11 1970, section 21L)

(1) If it considers the circumstances appropriate, the court may, by order, refer any proceedings before it, or part of any such proceedings, for mediation by a mediator, and may do so either with or without the consent of the parties to the proceedings concerned. (2) The mediation is to be undertaken by a mediator agreed to by the parties or appointed by the court, who may (but need not be) a listed mediator. (2A) Without limiting subsections (1) and (2), the court may refer proceedings or part of proceedings for mediation under the Community Justice Centres Act 1983. Subs (2A) insrt Act 70 of 2007, s 4 and Sch 2.1[1]

(3) In this section, listed mediator means a mediator appointed in accordance with a practice note with respect to the nomination and appointment of persons to be mediators for the purposes of this Part. S 26 am Act 70 of 2007

SECTION 26 COMMENTARY Court may order mediation over opposition .......................................................................................... [CPA 26.20] The discretion to order mediation .......................................................................................................... [CPA 26.40] Subject matter of proceedings referred to mediation ............................................................................ [CPA 26.60] ©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

35

Civil Procedure Leg

[CPA Pt4.20]

Civil Procedure Act 2005 s 26

[CPA 26.20]

Complex proceedings and the burden of legal costs ............................................................................ [CPA 26.80] When to consider a referral to mediation ............................................................................................ [CPA 26.100] Duty to consider mediation .................................................................................................................. [CPA 26.120] Further mediation order after unsuccessful mediation ........................................................................ [CPA 26.140] Mediator appointed by the court .......................................................................................................... [CPA 26.160]

[CPA 26.20]

Court may order mediation over opposition

Since 1 August 2000 the court has had the jurisdiction to refer proceedings to mediation without the consent of the parties to the proceedings. After some initial reluctance to foist mediation upon unwilling parties, the court’s attitude evolved to embrace the jurisdiction with the notable result that mediations ordered over opposition may be successful and result in settlement: see comments of Hamilton J in Remuneration Planning Corp Pty Ltd v Fitton [2001] NSWSC 1208. Early cases in which mediation has been ordered over opposition include Remuneration Planning Corp Pty Ltd v Fitton [2001] NSWSC 1208; Higgins v Higgins [2002] NSWSC 455; Singh v Singh [2002] NSWSC 852; Cains v Wadiwel [2007] NSWSC 207; Lidoframe Pty Ltd v New South Wales [2006] NSWSC 1262. Where all parties to the proceedings indicate that mediation is unlikely to resolve the dispute, the court must satisfy itself that that view is correct: Oriental Carpet Department Store Pty Ltd v Supacenta Pty Ltd (2003) 11 BPR 21235; [2003] NSWSC 783. The court may refer a matter for mediation even where one, or both, parties assert that mediation is unlikely to resolve the dispute to finality as what arises at mediation to be discussed between the parties involves all issues between the parties, including the difficulties which confront them in the respective cases they advance, not just whether the proceedings can be finally resolved: JL v Anglican Church Property Trust Diocese of Sydney [2017] NSWSC 1611. Where the underlying problems are not particularly complex and prima facie the positions of both parties may be reasonably accommodated, mediation may be ordered by the court of its own motion notwithstanding entrenched and bitter attitudes adopted by the parties: Berjaya Group (Aust) Pty Ltd v Ariff [2007] NSWSC 174. An entrenched position is not of itself a reason to refuse to order mediation as the aim of mediation is to break down entrenched positions: Hillig v Darkinjung Pty Ltd [2008] NSWSC 409. [CPA 26.40]

The discretion to order mediation

The discretion to order mediation is very wide and all relevant circumstances going to the exercise of the discretion may properly be taken into account: Higgins v Higgins [2002] NSWSC 455; Bissaker v Croft [2014] NSWSC 1647. The court will pay regard to the circumstances which exist at the time of the application for mediation, rather than at the time the parties entered into the relations now forming the subject of the litigation: Morrow v Chinadotcom Corp [2001] ANZ ConvR 341; [2001] NSWSC 209. The court may order mediation subject to conditions: Rajski v Tectran Corp Pty Ltd [2003] NSWSC 478 (order conditional upon the giving of undertakings not to commence or continue any legal proceeding or complaint to a disciplinary body or authority arising out of the conduct of prior mediations). The question of whether proceedings should be referred to mediation involves a weighing of the costs and procedural consequences which might be incurred by a mandatory mediation, the costs which may be avoided by a successful mediation, the prospects of success of mediation and the availability of alternative means to progress negotiations between the parties, as well as the existence of a ‘level playing field’ between the parties: Dimento v Dimento [2007] NSWSC 420. Mediation may be considered appropriate even if proceedings are at an early stage and the evidence served by the parties is incomplete: Oasis Fund Management Ltd v ABN Amro Bank NV [2009] NSWSC 967. A party’s conduct of the proceedings and the fact that credit is seriously in issue are factors which may dispose the court to decline to order mediation: Perpetual Trustee Co v McAndrew [2008] NSWSC 790. [CPA 26.60]

Subject matter of proceedings referred to mediation

Where the parties are commercial parties possessing business sophistication and acumen and aware of the potential benefits of mediation, and yet a party declines to consent to mediation, a compulsory referral may be considered an exercise in futility attended by delay and expense: Morrow v Chinadotcom Corp [2001] ANZ ConvR 341; [2001] NSWSC 209. Even where parties with commercial acumen assert that mediation is likely to be futile and a waste of money the court now takes into account the provisions of s 56 of the CPA and that a skilled mediator in a large complex commercial dispute may be able to find an unexpected way for the 36

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

Part 4 – Mediation of proceedings [CPA 26.100]

s 26

The fact that the proceedings involve the construction of a deed does not preclude a mediation being ordered over opposition: Lidoframe Pty Ltd v New South Wales [2006] NSWSC 1262. In defamation proceedings, where the plaintiff had the advantage of a fixed hearing date and where the award of damages would constitute a public vindication for the plaintiff, the court regarded a proposal to attend mediation as a disproportionate diversion of resources: Blake v John Fairfax Publications Pty Ltd [2001] NSWSC 885. The penal character of civil penalty proceedings does not preclude the court from ordering mediation: Australian Securities & Investments Commission v Rich [2005] NSWSC 489. Proceedings involving an application for contempt, with an underlying dispute as to the enforceability of injunctive relief, have been referred to mediation: Aztech Science Pty Ltd v Atlanta Aerospace (Woy Woy) Pty Ltd (2008) 187 A Crim R 245; [2008] NSWSC 908. At the other end of the scale are family disputes, in which respect and affection once prevailed, and where there is an expectation that mediation may be beneficial: Johnston v Johnston [2004] NSWSC 497; and cases arising out of long-standing personal relationships: Browning v Crowley [2004] DFC 95-292; [2004] NSWSC 128. See also Higgins v Higgins [2002] NSWSC 455 (family property dispute, frail elderly plaintiff, mediation ordered notwithstanding expedited trial date fixed); Singh v Singh [2002] NSWSC 852 (former friends, registrar mediator appointed to save costs); Yoseph v Mammo [2002] NSWSC 585 (family property dispute, first day of hearing, adjournment granted over objection, family members had maintained dignified relations); Family Provision Act matters are “eminently suitable” for mediation: Watkins v Public Trustee [2007] NSWSC 370 (see now s 98 of the Succession Act 2006, which mandates referral of family provision proceedings to mediation prior to trial). Cf Dimento v Dimento [2007] NSWSC 420: the characterisation of a dispute as a family dispute or commercial dispute does not inform the decision to order mediation. [CPA 26.80]

Complex proceedings and the burden of legal costs

The complexity of the proceedings or the estimated length of the trial (and therefore the burden of legal costs) may be factors which dispose a court to view mediation in a favourable light, notwithstanding the possibility that a relatively smaller amount of costs may be thrown away in an unsuccessful mediation: Browning v Crowley; and despite strong opposition to the order: Idoport Pty Ltd v National Australia Bank Ltd [2001] NSWSC 427. However, where a party may not succeed in recovering costs from the opponent a requirement to incur further costs by participating in a mediation may be considered oppressive: Harrison v Schipp [2002] NSWCA 27. The court may decline to order mediation in a matter which is otherwise suitable for mediation, if the mediation would be neither “ordinary or cheap” (vast amount of evidentiary material, considerable argument expected regarding how mediation was to be funded): Lewis v Kation Pty Ltd [2005] NSWSC 1127. Where the original estimate of hearing time has proved incorrect, the combination of consumption of time, escalating costs and strain on the court’s resources provides an ample basis for the court to exercise its power of mandatory mediation: Australian Securities & Investments Commission v Rich [2005] NSWSC 489. Where a lengthy case is placing strain on the court’s resources, the public interest may be invoked as a factor favouring an order for mediation: Australian Securities & Investments Commission v Rich. Where mediation had already been ordered in proceedings described as “massive”, mediation was ordered in related proceedings raising cognate issues, even though the related proceedings were at an early stage of preparation: Daya v CNA Reinsurance Co Ltd [2004] NSWSC 795 (related proceedings for indemnification with respect to claim in primary proceedings). [CPA 26.100]

When to consider a referral to mediation

The court can require a party to state its position on mediation on any occasion the proceedings are before the court: refer to UCPR r 20.3. The matter should be “ripe” for mediation, in that the factual basis for arriving at a settlement at mediation must be available in evidentiary form: Roy v Roy [2004] NSWSC 463; the court may decline to order mediation where one party has not yet committed its version of events to affidavits, as this does not provide a “level playing field” at the mediation: Dimento v Dimento [2007] NSWSC 420 (but in ©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

37

Civil Procedure Leg

parties to reach a compromise, even where parties initially express an entrenched position: Daya v CNA Reinsurance Co Ltd [2004] NSWSC 795. Nevertheless, where parties have a continuing business relationship a “commercial solution” which does not impose legal principle on every aspect of the outcome may be appropriate: Couriers Pty Ltd (NSW) v Newman [2002] NSWSC 1172 (in the context of the Commercial List).

Civil Procedure Act 2005 s 26

[CPA 26.100]

Oasis Fund Management Ltd v ABN Amro Bank NV [2009] NSWSC 967 the court regarded an order for mediation was appropriate notwithstanding the evidence was incomplete). At least in the Commercial List, mediation should be considered prior to expending the considerable costs required to fully prepare a matter for hearing and the proper discharge of a practitioner’s obligations to a client requires consideration to be given to negotiation and mediation prior to incurring significant costs: Couriers Pty Ltd (NSW) v Newman [2002] NSWSC 1172. Where substantial costs will be expended in an extensive discovery regime (as revealed in Notices to Produce and Subpoenas already issued) the court may order mediation after completion of affidavit evidence in reply but prior to discovery, this course being noted as less unusual than it was once: Noun v Pavey [2014] NSWSC 429 (Equity Division). For a discussion of the considerations involved in picking the right time for a mediation in a case which “fully exemplifies the extent of that difficulty” see Oasis Fund Management Ltd v ABN Amro Bank NV [2009] NSWSC 967 at [20]. In Oasis it was suggested that difficulties associated with early mediations may be mitigated by appropriate directions from the mediator, including directions to provide position statements and take other steps. A matter may be referred to mediation when it is part heard, for an example, see MM Constructions (Aust) Pty Ltd v Port Stephens Council (No 2) [2010] NSWSC 242. [CPA 26.120]

Duty to consider mediation

Reference should be made to CPA Pt 6, in particular s 56 which provides that the overriding purpose of civil procedure is to facilitate the just, quick and cheap resolution of the real issues in the proceedings: Amalgamated Television Services Pty Ltd v Marsden (No 2) (2003) 57 NSWLR 338; [2003] NSWCA 186; and s 57 which provides for the efficient and timely disposal of the court’s business. It might be assumed that s 60, which requires consideration of the proportionality of costs to the subject matter in dispute, will be invoked in applications for compulsory mediation in proceedings involving relatively small claims. Reference should also be made to Rule 23 of the of the Legal Profession Uniform Conduct (Barristers) Rules 2015 and Advocacy Rule 36, which is incorporated under s 7 of the Legal Profession Uniform Law Australian Solicitors Conduct Rules 2015, which provides that a party should be informed about all reasonably available alternatives to fully contested adjudication. [CPA 26.140]

Further mediation order after unsuccessful mediation

A second compulsory mediation may be ordered where circumstances have materially changed subsequent to the failure of the first mediation: Unconventional Conventions Pty Ltd v Accent Oz Pty Ltd (in liq) [2004] NSWSC 1050; applied in Mallik v McGeown [2008] NSWSC 1107. In Chaina v Presbyterian Church (NSW) Property Trust (No 10) [2013] NSWSC 499 the court declined to order a further mediation, noting that the court had undoubted power to do so (citing Mallik) but would not do so lightly (citing Unconventional Conventions); the court noted that the fact that new solicitors and barristers had come into the matter was a matter which told against the need for an independent person to exercise a new mind so as to facilitate settlement of the matter. Of interest in relation to the Chaina case was that the application for a further mediation was sought mid trial, after extensive cross-examination of the Plaintiffs, and was considered to be a “distraction” from essential preparation on the continuation of the hearing. A third compulsory mediation was ordered, on conditions, in the circumstances where there was multiple litigation spanning some 22 years: Rajski v Tectran Corp Pty Ltd [2003] NSWSC 478. [CPA 26.160]

Mediator appointed by the court

Where the parties do not agree on the choice of mediator, the court may select the mediator or appoint the mediator pursuant to the Joint Protocol set out in Supreme Court Practice Note Gen 6 – Mediation. The terms of the Joint Protocol are not mandatory: para 9 PN SC Gen 6; parties may be directed to negotiate with a view to agreeing on the identity of the mediator: Australian Securities & Investments Commission v Rich [2005] NSWSC 489.

38

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

Part 4 – Mediation of proceedings [CPA 27.40]

27

s 27

Duty of parties to participate

(cf Act No 52 1970, section 110L; Act No 9 1973, section 164B; Act No 11 1970, section 21M)

SECTION 27 COMMENTARY Content of the duty of good faith ........................................................................................................... [CPA 27.10] Consequence of breach of duty ............................................................................................................ [CPA 27.20] Obligations of legal practitioners ........................................................................................................... [CPA 27.40]

[CPA 27.10]

Content of the duty of good faith

There has been judicial exposition of the content of a duty of good faith: see United Group Rail Services Ltd v Rail Corp (NSW) (2009) 74 NSWLR 618; [2009] NSWCA 177 particularly at [56 ]–[82]. In respect of the construction of an agreement to undertake “genuine and good faith negotiations” in a commercial dispute resolution clause, the Court of Appeal stated that the words “genuine and good faith negotiations” have content and meaning and should be enforced: United Group Rail Services Ltd at [80] and [81]. The content of that duty may include factors such as an honest and genuine attempt to resolve a disagreement, a preparedness to compromise when that is appropriate, faithfulness and fidelity to an original bargain made between the parties and an honest and genuine assessment of the rights and obligations of each party. A good faith negotiation is not open-ended; it involves a “discussion of rights, entitlements and obligations said by the parties to arise from a finite and fixed legal framework”: United Group Rail Services Ltd at [70]. See also Aiton Australia Pty Ltd v Transfield Pty Ltd (1999) 153 FLR 236; [1999] NSWSC 996, cited in Idoport Pty Ltd v National Australia Bank Ltd [2001] NSWSC 427 and Australian Securities & Investments Commission v Rich [2005] NSWSC 489 for an earlier consideration of the concept of “good faith”. [CPA 27.20]

Consequence of breach of duty

Except as provided for in s 30, evidence of statements or admissions made in a mediation and documents prepared in connection with a mediation are not admissible. Consequently, any party seeking to prove that there has been a failure to participate in the mediation process in good faith will be thwarted in their attempt to lead the necessary evidence: Rajski v Tectran Corp Pty Ltd [2003] NSWSC 476 at [20]. There is a suggestion in Waterhouse v Perkins [2001] NSWSC 13 at [95] that one of the sanctions for failing to act in good faith may well be contempt of court, however there is no remedy under the CPA for breach of the duty nor authority deciding the point. Further, the policy behind the mediation provisions is to facilitate settlement rather than provide parties with yet another battleground: refer to Rajski. While there are no decisions in which a costs sanction has applied to a party for breach of duty, in United Group Rail Services Ltd v Rail Corp (NSW) (2009) 74 NSWLR 618; [2009] NSWCA 177 (at [78]) the Court of Appeal noted that costs sanctions may attend the duty to participate in good faith. [CPA 27.40]

Obligations of legal practitioners

Legal practitioners have a duty of candour in a mediation: a barrister who relied on expert reports at a mediation where the assumptions forming the basis of those reports had become false to the barrister’s knowledge was found guilty of professional misconduct: Legal Services Commissioner v Mullins [2006] LPT 012. Reliance at mediation on an unsigned witness statement when, to the knowledge of the solicitor for the party advancing the statement, the witness had refused to sign it and regarded it as inaccurate, may constitute a misrepresentation or fraud which will result in a Deed of Settlement concluded at a mediation being set aside: Williams v Commonwealth Bank of Australia [1999] NSWCA 345.

©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

39

Civil Procedure Leg

It is the duty of each party to proceedings that have been referred for mediation to participate, in good faith, in the mediation.

Civil Procedure Act 2005 s 28

28

[CPA 28.20]

Costs of mediation

(cf Act No 52 1970, section 110M; Act No 9 1973, section 164C; Act No 11 1970, section 21N)

The costs of mediation, including the costs payable to the mediator, are payable: (a) if the court makes an order as to the payment of those costs, by one or more of the parties in such manner as the order may specify, or (b) in any other case, by the parties in such proportions as they may agree among themselves.

SECTION 28 COMMENTARY Apportionment of costs .......................................................................................................................... [CPA 28.20] Whether costs of mediation included in costs of proceedings .............................................................. [CPA 28.40] Costs of mediation under the Joint Protocol and court annexed mediations ....................................... [CPA 28.60] Failure to deal with costs in settlement terms ....................................................................................... [CPA 28.80] Costs thrown away by vacation of mediation date .............................................................................. [CPA 28.100]

[CPA 28.20]

Apportionment of costs

In the absence of an agreement between the parties the court may determine the apportionment of costs. Under Supreme Court Practice Note Gen 6, the court may request that a mediation be provided on a reduced or no fee basis: see further the annotations under [CPA 28.60]. A party cannot buy the right to mediation and equally, an opponent cannot block a mediation in a proper case by insisting on payment of her or his costs: Harrison v Schipp [2002] NSWCA 27. The court may order that the mediator determine by whom the costs of the mediation shall be borne: Cains v Wadiwel [2007] NSWSC 207. [CPA 28.40]

Whether costs of mediation included in costs of proceedings

Subject to any order made by the court pursuant to s 28(a) or any agreement made by the parties pursuant to s 28(b), the “costs of the proceedings” include the costs of a mediation, and any agreement between the parties as to payment of the “costs of the proceedings” will be so construed: Newcastle City Council v Wieland (2009) 74 NSWLR 173; [2009] NSWCA 113; Bird v Anambah Land Pty Ltd (No 2) [2016] NSWSC 1552. However, if a pre-existing agreement between the parties strongly conveys that the costs of the mediation are to be treated entirely separately from the other costs of the proceedings the court may so construe the agreement and further, if it is intended that an order for costs of proceedings is not to extend to include the mediation costs, this should be made clear in any order: see comments of Hodgson JA in Wieland at [4] and [5]. Where the terms of a mediation agreement recorded an intention that the costs of the mediation should be treated separately from the costs of the proceedings (by reserving to the Plaintiff a right to apply for an order for costs of the mediation) and subsequently an offer of compromise was accepted by the Defendant that provided for the payment of costs by the Defendant, the court has declined to order, on the Plaintiff’s application, that the costs of the proceedings encompassed in the Offer included the costs of the mediation, on the basis that the parties had treated the mediation costs as separate to the costs of the proceedings, that any right to make a separate application for costs of the mediation was subsumed into or waived by the agreement that was reached in the offer of compromise and that public policy considerations weighed against adding to the parties’ bargain: Mead v Allianz Australia Insurance Ltd [2007] NSWSC 500; for a discussion of the ratio of Mead see Owners Strata Plan No 61162 v Lipman Pty Ltd [2014] NSWSC 622. Prior to Wieland, if it was sought to recover the costs of a mediation from another party, a specific application for those costs was often required in order to clarify the position in the event of a costs assessment. The ordinary position was that the costs of a mediation were not included in the general costs, in circumstances where there had been no court order for mediation (see Medulla v Abdel Hameed [2003] NSWSC 747) or in the absence of unusual circumstances (see Innovative Agricultural Products Pty Ltd v Cranshaw [1996] FCA 758, cited in Mead v Allianz Australia Insurance Ltd [2007] NSWSC 500). 40

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

Part 4 – Mediation of proceedings [CPA 28.100]

s 28

It is further noted that in Wieland the mediation had been conducted pursuant to a court order; a distinction may be made between the circumstances in Wieland and a case in which the parties merely volunteer to go to mediation without a court order. However, the fact that the referral to mediation is expressed to be made by a direction of the court, rather than an order of the court, and that it is a consent direction, does not preclude the court from dealing with the costs of a mediation as part of the costs of the proceedings in the usual way (unless the parties have agreed otherwise): Owners Strata Plan No 61162. The circumstance where a mediation is undertaken by consent agreement between the parties without any direction or order from the court, or where the court merely notes the agreement of the parties to attend mediation, does not appear to have arisen for consideration by the court on an application for an order for the costs of a mediation. On the question of the costs of the proceedings generally, the fact that a party refuses to mediate or negotiate may be considered a relevant factor in disallowing their costs: Bryant v Hawkesbury Radio Communication Co-op Society Ltd [2014] NSWSC 848 at [93]. [CPA 28.60]

Costs of mediation under the Joint Protocol and court annexed mediations

Where the costs of the mediation are burdensome to a party, and the Joint Protocol under Supreme Court Practice Note Gen 6 – Mediation has been invoked to obtain the appointment of a mediator, the court may request that the mediation be provided on a reduced or no fee basis: para 25 PN SC Gen 6. Currently, if a matter is referred to a registrar mediator there are no costs payable to the mediator, however CPA s 18(1)(b) provides that the Regulations may fix a fee for proceedings referred to mediation. Over the objection of a party who wanted to go to trial, and in default of that, desired the appointment of a mediator who was a former judge, the court ordered the mediation be conducted by a registrar in the circumstances where there was a dispute over which party would, and could afford to, bear the costs of mediation: Singh v Singh [2002] NSWSC 852. [CPA 28.80]

Failure to deal with costs in settlement terms

Practitioners should make every endeavour to resolve the issue of costs at the mediation. The court is likely to take a prima facie position that it will make no order as to the costs of the proceedings where the issues have otherwise been resolved at mediation, given that to do otherwise would require the parties to go to the expense of trying an issue on the merits when there is no longer a need to do so: Sanders v Constantine [2006] NSWSC 534, citing Re Minister for Immigration & Ethnic Affairs; Ex parte Lai Qin (1997) 186 CLR 622; 71 ALJR 533; 143 ALR 1; [1997] HCA 6. [CPA 28.100]

Costs thrown away by vacation of mediation date

A party who cancels the mediation at the eleventh hour may be liable for the costs of the other parties thrown away by reason of that vacation: Al Mousawy (by his tutor Khamis) v JA Byatt Pty Ltd [2008] NSWSC 264. Correspondence exchanged between the parties in relation to arrangements for the mediation may be characterised as merely collateral or incidental to the mediation session; those documents do not attract the privilege conferred by s 30(4) and may be led as evidence to demonstrate the fault of a party for the late vacation.

©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

41

Civil Procedure Leg

Notwithstanding the prima facie position is now that mediation costs are included in the costs of the proceedings, any prior agreements between the parties or separate contractual arrangements with the mediator may give scope to challenge the prima facie position in a construction suit, so it is prudent to specifically deal with mediation costs in any final costs orders. It may also be prudent to carefully consider the wording used in the initial consent orders for mediation; an order that ‘subject to further order, the costs of the mediation be paid in the first instance by the parties in equal shares’ was readily found not to preclude the court from ordering that the costs of the proceedings included the costs of the mediation: Subway Systems Australia v Ireland (No 2) [2013] VSC 693.

Civil Procedure Act 2005 s 29

29

[CPA 29.20]

Agreements and arrangements arising from mediation sessions

(cf Act No 52 1970, section 110N; Act No 9 1973, section 164D; Act No 11 1970, section 21O)

(1) The court may make orders to give effect to any agreement or arrangement arising out of a mediation session. (2) On any application for an order under this section, any party may call evidence, including evidence from the mediator and any other person engaged in the mediation, as to the fact that an agreement or arrangement has been reached and as to the substance of the agreement or arrangement. (3) This Part does not affect the enforceability of any other agreement or arrangement that may be made, whether or not arising out of a mediation session, in relation to the matters the subject of a mediation session.

SECTION 29 COMMENTARY [CPA 29.20]

Admissibility of agreements

Terms of settlement executed subsequent to a mediation are admissible: State Bank of New South Wales v Freeman (unreported, NSWSC, Parker J, 31 January 1996); Commonwealth Bank of Australia v McConnell (unreported, NSWSC, Rolfe J, 24 July 1997). However (under the forerunner to s 30 (SCA s 110P(5))) difficulties would arise if objection was taken to the admission of a document purporting to set out terms of settlement on the ground that the document was prepared in the course of, or as a result of, a mediation and was therefore privileged and inadmissible. Unless the document itself contained an express or implied consent to allow the agreement to be admitted into evidence in proceedings taken to enforce the agreement it would not be admissible: Wentworth v Rogers [2004] NSWCA 109, citing Gain v Commonwealth Bank of Australia (1997) 42 NSWLR 252. The addition of s 29(2) to the mediation provisions alleviates this difficulty, by allowing evidence to be given as to an agreement reached at mediation for the purpose of enforcement proceedings: Owners Corp Strata Plan 62285 v Betona Corp (NSW) Pty Ltd [2006] NSWSC 216. See further the annotations under s 30 regarding admissibility of documents prepared for or at mediation. Refer also to s 73 of the CPA – the Power of the court to determine questions about compromises and settlements. 30

Privilege

(cf Act No 52 1970, section 110P; Act No 9 1973, section 164F; Act No 11 1970, section 21Q)

(1) In this section, mediation session includes any steps taken in the course of making arrangements for the session or in the course of the follow-up of a session. (2) The same privilege with respect to defamation as exists with respect to judicial proceedings and a document produced in judicial proceedings exists with respect to: (a) a mediation session, or (b) a document or other material sent to or produced to a mediator, or sent to or produced at the court or the registry of the court, for the purpose of enabling a mediation session to be arranged. (3) The privilege conferred by subsection (2) extends only to a publication made: (a) at a mediation session, or (b) in a document or other material sent to or produced to a mediator, or sent to or produced at the court or the registry of the court, for the purpose of enabling a mediation session to be arranged, or (c) in circumstances referred to in section 31. (4) Subject to section 29(2): 42

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

Part 4 – Mediation of proceedings [CPA 30.30]

s 30

evidence of anything said or of any admission made in a mediation session is not admissible in any proceedings before any court or other body, and (b) a document prepared for the purposes of, or in the course of, or as a result of, a mediation session, or any copy of such a document, is not admissible in evidence in any proceedings before any court or other body. (5) Subsection (4) does not apply with respect to any evidence or document: (a) if the persons in attendance at, or identified during, the mediation session and, in the case of a document, all persons specified in the document, consent to the admission of the evidence or document, or (b) in proceedings commenced with respect to any act or omission in connection with which a disclosure has been made as referred to in section 31(c).

SECTION 30 COMMENTARY Section only applies to court ordered mediations ................................................................................. [CPA 30.10] Exceptions to the privilege ..................................................................................................................... [CPA 30.20] Admissibility of discussions and instructions ......................................................................................... [CPA 30.25] Scope of “mediation session” ................................................................................................................ [CPA 30.30] Evidence Act 1995 ................................................................................................................................. [CPA 30.40] Contractual protection ............................................................................................................................ [CPA 30.60] Confidentiality ......................................................................................................................................... [CPA 30.80] Practical Considerations ...................................................................................................................... [CPA 30.100]

[CPA 30.10]

Section only applies to court ordered mediations

The protections afforded by s 30 only apply to a court ordered mediation under Pt 4 of the CPA and other mediations (such as those arranged pursuant to s 34(a)) do not attract the mediation privilege conferred by this section: Lewis v Lamb [2011] NSWSC 873. However, the provisions regarding privilege set out in s 131 of the Evidence Act 1995 may continue to apply to a non court ordered mediation: Lewis v Lamb [2011] NSWSC 873 at [16]. While there is no authority directly on point, the rationale for Lewis indicates that the protections afforded by s 31 (confidentiality) and s 33 (protection from liability for mediators) also could not be invoked by a party who had voluntarily engaged in a mediation without a court order for mediation. [CPA 30.20]

Exceptions to the privilege

Admissions or statements made in the course of a mediation are not admissible, however, unless the mediation agreement otherwise provides, information gleaned at a mediation by voluntary disclosure may be incorporated into pleadings and proved by other objective admissible evidence in the proceedings: 789TEN Pty Ltd v Westpac Banking Corp [2004] NSWSC 594 citing AWA Ltd v Daniels (unreported, NSWSC, Rolfe J, 8 March 1992); see also Field v Commissioner for Railways (NSW) (1957) 99 CLR 285; 32 ALJR 110. The privilege protecting statements and admissions made in, and documents prepared for, a mediation session from admission into evidence is now subject to s 29(2), which allows the admission of evidence of agreements reached at a mediation for the purpose of enforcement proceedings. [CPA 30.25]

Admissibility of discussions and instructions

In Boardman v Boardman (2012) 10 ASTLR 138; [2012] NSWSC 1257, on an application by a Defendant to enforce Heads of Agreement against a Plaintiff, evidence was given by the former solicitors for the Plaintiff to the effect that the Plaintiff had freely and voluntarily executed Heads of Agreement after a regular process of mediation that had included precautionary measures to ensure the Agreement was understood by the Plaintiff and he had given his instructions to enter into it; however, the (self represented) Plaintiff did not object to this evidence being given and himself traversed topics which would otherwise have been privileged. He was therefore taken to have waived privilege. [CPA 30.30]

Scope of “mediation session”

Under s 30(1) the privilege extends to the “follow-up” of a mediation session. The court should not take a narrow approach to considering what is a discussion “in a mediation session” or “within the mediation” for the ©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

43

Civil Procedure Leg

(a)

Civil Procedure Act 2005 s 31

[CPA 30.30]

purposes of s 30, as the underlying public policy is to encourage full and frank settlement discussions: Jireh International Pty Ltd v Western Export Services Inc (No 2) [2011] NSWCA 294. For a discussion of the scope of “follow-up” (in a context in which reliance on s 29(2) was queried), see Owners Corp Strata Plan 62285 v Betona Corp (NSW) Pty Ltd [2006] NSWSC 216. [CPA 30.40]

Evidence Act 1995

With respect to a mediation which is conducted under this Part, admissibility is determined by reference to s 30 of the Civil Procedure Act, not by reference to s 131 of the Evidence Act 1995: see Sharjade Pty Ltd v RAAF (Landings) Ex-Servicemen Charitable Fund Pty Ltd [2008] NSWSC 1347, although s 135 of the Evidence Act 1995 may additionally be invoked to support a discretion to exclude evidence: see Ingot Capital Investments Pty Ltd v Macquarie Equity Capital Markets Ltd [2004] NSWSC 1091; Rajski v Tectran Corp Pty Ltd [2003] NSWSC 478; cf Azzi v Volvo Car Australia Pty Ltd (2007) 71 NSWLR 140; [2007] NSWSC 375 – s 135 discretion does not arise. For a useful discussion of the relationship between s 131(2)(h) of the Evidence Act 1995 and s 30(4) of the Civil Procedure Act 2005, see Azzi v Volvo Car Australia Pty Ltd (2007) 71 NSWLR 140; [2007] NSWSC 375. [CPA 30.60]

Contractual protection

Further to the protections offered by s 30 parties may separately contract, by way of the mediation agreement, not to cause any subpoena or other compulsory process to issue requiring production of “without prejudice” statements prepared for the purpose of a mediation or any document recording such statements: Ingot Capital Investments Pty Ltd v Macquarie Equity Capital Markets Ltd [2004] NSWSC 1091; see also 789TEN Pty Ltd v Westpac Banking Corp [2004] NSWSC 594 (consideration of terms of a mediation agreement). [CPA 30.80]

Confidentiality

Section 30 provides protection against the admissibility in court of evidence of matters occurring in the course of a mediation. However, it does not regulate the confidentiality of those matters outside the court. If confidentiality is required, consideration must be given to including a confidentiality provision in the mediation agreement or otherwise entering into a separate confidentiality agreement. Section 31 deals with the mediator’s obligation of confidentiality. For a discussion of the authorities in relation to a solicitor’s obligations of confidentiality arising out of a mediation, and the restraints that can be placed upon solicitors continuing to act for a client when they possess information obtained by them in a prior mediation in related litigation see Worth Recycling Pty Ltd v Waste Recycling and Processing Pty Ltd [2009] NSWSC 356, affirmed on appeal Worth Recycling Pty Ltd v Waste Recycling and Processing Pty Ltd [2009] NSWCA 354. [CPA 30.100]

Practical Considerations

Disputes have arisen in relation to the construction of the scope of a “mediation session” as defined under s 30(1) when parties later seek to rely upon offers made in the course of a mediation for the purpose of a costs argument. It is prudent to follow up any offer made at a mediation with a later written offer of settlement that is not subject to an argument that its disclosure should be restrained. Refer to the discussion of this principle, and a failed attempt to argue that it was contrary to the interests of justice to allow one party to rely upon a written offer without allowing another party to rely on an offer made in the course of the mediation in Mundine v Brown (No 7) [2011] NSWSC 170. 31

Confidentiality

(cf Act No 52 1970, section 110Q; Act No 9 1973, section 164G; Act No 11 1970, section 21R)

A mediator may disclose information obtained in connection with the administration or execution of this Part only in one or more of the following circumstances: (a) with the consent of the person from whom the information was obtained, (b) in connection with the administration or execution of this Part, including section 29(2), (c) if there are reasonable grounds to believe that the disclosure is necessary to prevent or minimise the danger of injury to any person or damage to any property, 44

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

Part 4 – Mediation of proceedings [CPA 32.40]

s 32

if the disclosure is reasonably required for the purpose of referring any party or parties to a mediation session to any person, agency, organisation or other body and the disclosure is made with the consent of the parties to the mediation session for the purpose of aiding in the resolution of a dispute between those parties or assisting the parties in any other manner, (e) in accordance with a requirement imposed by or under a law of the State (other than a requirement imposed by a subpoena or other compulsory process) or the Commonwealth.

SECTION 31 COMMENTARY Report by mediator ................................................................................................................................ [CPA 31.20] Application of section ............................................................................................................................. [CPA 31.40]

[CPA 31.20]

Report by mediator

A Report to the court prepared by a mediator pursuant to s 31(b) is prima facie admissible in proceedings relating to the administration and supervision of the mediation provisions of the Act. The Report is not limited only to a statement as to whether the mediation has concluded and a mediator may state her or his views on the utility of continuing a mediation: see discussion in Rajski v Tectran Corp Pty Ltd [2003] NSWSC 478. [CPA 31.40]

Application of section

In Lewis v Lamb [2011] NSWSC 873 the court determined that the protections in relation to privilege afforded by s 30 only apply to court ordered mediations under Pt 4 of the Civil Procedure Act 2005. By analogy, it may be anticipated that the protections afforded under s 31 also only apply to court ordered mediations. See further the annotations at [CPA 30.10]. 32

Directions by mediator

(cf SCR Part 72C, rule 3)

Subject to the uniform rules and any relevant practice notes, a mediator may, by order, give directions as to the preparation for, and conduct of, the mediation.

SECTION 32 COMMENTARY Liability of mediator ................................................................................................................................ [CPA 32.20] Types of directions ................................................................................................................................. [CPA 32.40]

[CPA 32.20] Liability of mediator This provision has been transferred from the SCR to the CPA and now provides a statutory basis for the mediator’s jurisdiction to make directions binding upon the parties to a mediation. Early exposure drafts of the CPA gave the mediator a jurisdiction to award costs against a party for failure to complete specified steps in accordance with directions given by the mediator; that jurisdiction has been removed and it may have been considered that such a power would have undermined the neutrality of the mediator, to the detriment of the process. Nevertheless, a failure to comply with directions may render a party vulnerable to an order for costs pursuant to UCPR r 42.10 and an application can presumably be made to the court for costs with respect to such a failure, as long as that failure is ascertainable outside the confidential process of the mediation itself. [CPA 32.40] Types of directions It might be anticipated that a mediator will make directions to ensure that the real issues in the dispute are exposed and that there has been sufficient exchange of evidence to facilitate settlement. Directions may be made to provide for the exchange of position papers, statements of issues, document bundles, schedules, valuations, reports and the like. In the circumstances where a party objected to mediation on the basis that she had been denied access to information, the court noted that the confidentiality of the mediation process may of itself assist in facilitating the exchange of information: Beck v Tuckey Pty Ltd (2004) 49 ACSR 555; 22 ACLC 633; [2004] NSWSC 357. In Oasis Fund Management Ltd v ABN Amro Bank NV [2009] NSWSC 967 at [20] the court considered that the difficulties that can be associated with referring a matter to an early mediation, ©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

45

Civil Procedure Leg

(d)

Civil Procedure Act 2005 s 33

[CPA 32.40]

prior to the matter being “ripe” for mediation, may be mitigated by appropriate directions from the mediator, including directions to the parties to provide position statements and take other appropriate steps. 33

Protection from liability for mediator

A mediator to whom the court refers proceedings has, in the exercise of his or her functions as a mediator in relation to those proceedings, the same protection and immunity as a judicial officer of the court has in the exercise of his or her functions as a judicial officer.

SECTION 33 COMMENTARY [CPA 33.20]

Liability of mediator

A question arises as to whether a mediator obtains the statutory protection offered by this part when the mediation is conducted, not pursuant to a court order, but pursuant only to the private contractual arrangements between the parties and the mediator. In Lewis v Lamb [2011] NSWSC 873 the court determined that the protections in relation to privilege afforded by s 30 only apply to court ordered mediations under Pt 4 of the Civil Procedure Act 2005. By analogy, it may be anticipated that the protections afforded under s 33 also only apply to court ordered mediations. See further the annotations at [CPA 30.10]. For a consideration of whether a mediator may be joined as a defendant in an action for negligence or breach of contract in such circumstances see: Tapoohi v Lewenberg (No 2) [2003] VSC 410. 34

Mediation otherwise than under this Part

(cf Act No 52 1970, section 110H(2); Act No 9 1973, section 162(2))

This Part does not prevent: (a) the parties to proceedings from agreeing to and arranging for mediation of any matter otherwise than as referred to in this Part, or (b) a matter arising in proceedings from being dealt with under the provisions of the Community Justice Centres Act 1983 without having been referred under section 26. Para (b) am Act 106 of 2009, Sch 2.2; Act 70 of 2007, s 4 and Sch 2.1[2] S 34 am Act 106 of 2009; Act 70 of 2007

SECTION 34 COMMENTARY [CPA 34.20]

Protections not afforded to voluntary mediations

The protection afforded by s 30 (privilege) only applies to mediations ordered by the court pursuant to s 26 of the CPA: see Lewis v Lamb [2011] NSWSC 873. Refer further to the annotations under [CPA 30.10]. By analogy, it may be anticipated that the protections afforded under ss 31 and 33 also only apply to court ordered mediations. Consequently, even if the parties have settled between themselves the arrangements they wish to make for a mediation, consideration should be given to formalising the arrangements by entering into consent orders.

46

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

Part 5 – Arbitration of proceedings Division 1 – Preliminary

[CPA Pt5.40]

s 35

PART 5 – ARBITRATION OF PROCEEDINGS Commentary by Peter Johnstone, President of the Children’s Court of New South Wales. Updated by Greg Sarginson, Barrister.

PART 5 COMMENTARY

[CPA Pt5.20]

General comments on Part 5

The Arbitration (Civil Actions) Act 1983 was repealed by the Civil Procedure Act 2005, which in turn incorporates the relevant provisions of the former Act into Pt 5. The court may order that proceedings before it be referred for determination by an arbitrator. A panel of arbitrators appointed by the senior judicial officer may be maintained by each court. Arbitrators have all of the functions of the referring court, subject to certain limitations. This type of court-annexed civil arbitration is to be distinguished from commercial arbitration under the Commercial Arbitration Act 2010. [CPA Pt5.40]

Historical note

Court-annexed arbitration was introduced into NSW on 1 July 1983 with the commencement of the Arbitration (Civil Actions) Act 1983. As an outcome of a collaborative effort between the Law Society of NSW and the Attorney General’s department a scheme based on experience in the United States, adapted for local conditions, commenced in designated Local Courts. The objective of the scheme was to provide an inexpensive, speedy and streamlined method for the resolution of less complicated civil disputes. Unlike commercial arbitration, which depends upon the prior agreement between the parties, civil arbitration operates within the court system, by delegation of the court’s jurisdiction, with the safeguard of an absolute right of rehearing by the court available to a dissatisfied party. Initially individual arbitrations were carried out by the arbitrator in chambers or the arbitrator’s office. With the success of the scheme it was broadened from the Local Court to the District Court and then ultimately to the Supreme Court. Increasingly, the courts provided facilities in the courts for the conduct of the arbitrations, and in some courts a Philadelphia scheme has been implemented where rostered arbitrators sit for a full day and hear and determine a list of cases allocated for that day. The scheme has been very effective, with low rates of rehearing and high levels of case disposal. It has been a significant contributing factor to reductions in delays in the NSW court system since its inception. In recent years the incidence of referral of civil disputes to arbitrators has reduced significantly due to a number of factors including separate statutory schemes for compulsory claims assessment and mediation before the commencement of court proceedings under Pt 4.4 and 4.5 of the Motor Accident Compensation Act 1999 and Pt 6 Div 4 of the Workplace Injury Management and Workers Compensation Act 1998; and an emphasis on alternative dispute resolution by way of mediation.

DIVISION 1 – PRELIMINARY 35

Definitions

(cf Act No 43 1983, section 3)

In this Part: arbitrator means an arbitrator appointed under section 36. award means an arbitrator’s award under section 39. referred proceedings means proceedings the subject of an unrevoked reference to an arbitrator under section 38. ©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

47

Civil Procedure Leg

General comments on Part 5 ............................................................................................................... [CPA Pt5.20] Historical note ....................................................................................................................................... [CPA Pt5.40]

Civil Procedure Act 2005 s 35

[CPA 37.40] referring court, in relation to referred proceedings, means the court by which the proceedings have been referred.

36

Appointment to office as arbitrator

(cf Act No 43 1983, section 5)

(1) The senior judicial officer of the court may appoint suitable persons to be arbitrators to hear and determine referred proceedings. (2) A person is not eligible to be appointed as an arbitrator unless the person is a former judicial officer, a barrister nominated by the Bar Council or a solicitor nominated by the Law Society Council. (3) The senior judicial officer concerned may, and if the nominating body so requests in writing must, revoke an appointment under this section. (4) An appointment, or revocation of appointment, of an arbitrator is to be made by instrument in writing signed by the senior judicial officer. (5) An arbitrator may resign office by instrument in writing delivered to the senior judicial officer. (6) An arbitrator is entitled to such remuneration as the Minister may from time to time determine. (7) An arbitrator’s remuneration is to be paid out of money provided by Parliament. 37

Jurisdiction of arbitrator

(cf Act No 43 1983, section 7)

(1) The jurisdiction conferred on an arbitrator by this Part in relation to referred proceedings is part of the jurisdiction of the court by which the proceedings were referred. (2) Subject to this Part, but without limiting the specific powers and authorities of an arbitrator under this Part, an arbitrator has and may exercise, in relation to referred proceedings, all of the functions of the court by which the proceedings were referred. (3) Subsection (2) does not confer on an arbitrator functions of the court which are the same as, or similar to, the functions conferred by sections 52 and 53 or any other functions in respect of contempt. (4) The functions conferred on an arbitrator may be exercised only: (a) for the purpose of determining the issues in dispute in referred proceedings, and (b) for the purpose of making an award in referred proceedings, and (c) for related purposes. (5) Subject to this Part, a tribunal (other than the arbitrator to whom proceedings have been referred for determination) has no jurisdiction in respect of any issue in dispute in the proceedings while those proceedings are before the arbitrator. (6) In subsection (5), tribunal means any court, tribunal, board or other body, or any person, empowered by an Act or by agreement of parties to determine by litigation, arbitration, conciliation or otherwise any issue that is in dispute.

SECTION 37 COMMENTARY [CPA 37.40]

Jurisdiction of arbitrator

The arbitrator in effect exercises the jurisdiction of the referring court, with modifications as to procedure: see CPA s 49. However, the arbitrator does not have powers to compel witnesses, issue subpoenas or to punish for contempt. If conduct giving rise to such issues occurs in the arbitration, this must be referred back to the court: see CPA ss 50, 52 and 54.

48

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

Part 5 – Arbitration of proceedings Division 2 – Arbitration

[CPA 38.20]

s 38

DIVISION 2 – ARBITRATION 38

Referral to arbitration

(cf Act No 52 1970, section 76B; Act No 9 1973, section 63A; Act No 11 1970, section 21H)

Civil Procedure Leg

(1) The court may order that proceedings before it: (a) in respect of a claim for the recovery of damages or other money, or (b) in respect of a claim for any equitable or other relief ancillary to a claim for the recovery of damages or other money, be referred for determination by an arbitrator. (2) Before making such an order in relation to any proceedings, the referring court: (a) is to consider the preparations made by the parties for the hearing of the proceedings, and (b) is, as far as possible, to deal with all matters that may be dealt with by the court on application to the court before the hearing of the proceedings, and (c) is to give such directions for the conduct of the proceedings before the arbitrator as appear best adapted for the just, quick and cheap disposal of the proceedings. (3) The referring court may not make such an order in relation to any proceedings if: (a) no issue in the proceedings is contested or judgment in the proceedings has been given or entered and has not been set aside, or (b) rules of court provide that such an order may not be made in relation to proceedings of that kind, or (c) cause is otherwise shown why the proceedings should not be so referred. (4) At any time before the making of an award in relation to referred proceedings, the referring court may revoke an order under this section and give directions for the subsequent conduct of the proceedings and directions as to any costs incurred before the revocation of the order. (5) This section does not limit any other power of the court to refer a matter to arbitration.

SECTION 38 COMMENTARY [CPA 38.20]

Referral to arbitration

The section defines which proceedings may be referred for determination by an arbitrator: s 38(1), and which proceedings may not: s 38(3). Before referring proceedings for arbitration, the court must consider the preparations for hearing made by the parties, deal with any applications that should be dealt with before hearing, and give directions for the conduct of the proceedings before the arbitrator: s 38(2). Those proceedings which may not be referred include proceedings where there is no dispute, where judgment has been given or entered, where cause is shown why the proceedings should not be referred, and proceedings of a kind prescribed by the rules. UCPR r 20.8 provides for other classes of proceedings which may not be referred for arbitration. They are proceedings involving an allegation of fraud and proceedings in the Small Claims Division of the Local Court. See also Morgan v Johnson (1998) 44 NSWLR 578; [1998] NSWSC 367 at 585, 599. The provisions of CPA s 56 are relevant to the decision of the court as to whether or not to refer proceedings for arbitration. Relevant factors include the complexity of the issues; the length of the likely hearing; the amount likely to be expended in costs by the parties; and whether there is a real likelihood that the arbitration will lead to a final resolution of the proceedings.

©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

49

Civil Procedure Act 2005 s 39

39

[CPA 39.20]

Determination by arbitrator

(cf Act No 43 1983, section 15)

(1) The issues in dispute in referred proceedings are to be determined by the arbitrator on the evidence adduced before the arbitrator. (2) The arbitrator must record the arbitrator’s determination of the proceedings, and the reasons for the determination, by an award in writing signed by the arbitrator. (3) The arbitrator must immediately send the award to the referring court. (4) An arbitrator may not make a determination that could not have been made had the proceedings been heard and determined by the referring court. (5) Despite subsection (4), an award does not fail to have full effect, and may not be called in question, by reason only that the amount awarded exceeds the amount claimed in the proceedings to which the award relates.

SECTION 39 COMMENTARY [CPA 39.20]

Determination by arbitrator

The arbitrator determines the dispute on the evidence in the same way as the court would, subject to modifications as to procedure consistent with the more informal and streamlined nature of the proceedings. The arbitrator may determine the procedure for the arbitration: s 49, but is bound by the rules of evidence: s 49(2). A determination by an arbitrator must be recorded, with reasons, in a signed award, which is sent forthwith to the court. 40

Award taken to be judgment of court

(cf Act No 43 1983, section 16A; Act No 52 1970, section 76B(5); Act No 9 1973, section 63A(5); Act No 11 1970, section 21H(5))

Subject to section 41 and Division 3, an award is final and conclusive, and is taken to be a judgment of the referring court: (a) if it is expressed to be made by consent of all the parties, on the date on which it is received by the referring court, or (b) in any other case, at the expiry of 28 days after it is sent to all of the parties. 41

Judicial supervision of arbitrator

(cf Act No 43 1983, section 17)

(1) No relief lies: (a) under section 69 or 101 of the Supreme Court Act 1970, or (b) by way of declaratory judgment or order, or (c) by way of injunction, or (d) under section 126, 127 or 128 of the District Court Act 1973, or (e) under section 39 or 40 of the Local Court Act 2007, in relation to proceedings under this Act on referred proceedings. Subs (1) am Act 94 of 2007, s 3 and Sch 1.12[2]

(2) Subsection (1) does not apply if the relief is sought on the ground of a lack of jurisdiction or a denial of natural justice. S 41 am Act 94 of 2007 50

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

Part 5 – Arbitration of proceedings Division 3 – Rehearings

[CPA 43.20]

s 43

DIVISION 3 – REHEARINGS 42

Application for rehearing

(cf Act No 43 1983, section 18)

(2) The application may (but need not) request that the rehearing be a full rehearing or limited rehearing. (3) The award is suspended from the time the application is made until an order for rehearing is made.

SECTION 42 COMMENTARY [CPA 42.20]

Application for rehearing

Each party in the proceedings has an unqualified right to apply for a rehearing if dissatisfied with an arbitrator’s award. The application for a rehearing under s 42 is made by notice of motion: UCPR r 20.12(1). Before the record of any proceedings is brought before the court for a rehearing, the registrar must seal within the record, or separate from the record, both the application for rehearing and all information as to the nature and quantum of the arbitrator’s award: UCPR r 20.12(3). The rehearing may be a full rehearing or limited rehearing: ss 42(2), 43(4) and 43(6); UCPR r 20.12(2). The only qualification is that there may be costs penalties if the rehearing produces an outcome that is not significantly better than under the award. The application for a rehearing must be made within prescribed time limits. The application has the effect of suspending the award pending consideration by the court under s 43. 43

Order for rehearing

(cf Act No 43 1983, section 18A)

(1) The referring court must order a rehearing of proceedings the subject of an award if an application for rehearing is made before the award takes effect. (2) An order for rehearing may not be made unless the amount claimed in the proceedings, or the value of the property to which the proceedings relate, exceeds the jurisdictional limit of the Local Court when sitting in its Small Claims Division. Subs (2) am Act 94 of 2007, s 4 and Sch 2

(3) An order for rehearing need not be made if it appears to the court that the applicant failed to attend a hearing before an arbitrator without good reason. (4) In an order for rehearing, the referring court may direct that the rehearing be a full rehearing or a limited rehearing, as the court thinks appropriate, and may do so regardless of whether the applicant requested a full rehearing or a limited rehearing or made no such request. (5) In the absence of a direction under subsection (4), the rehearing is to be a full rehearing. (6) An order for a limited rehearing must specify the aspects that are to be the subject of the rehearing, whether by reference to specific issues in dispute, specific parties to the dispute or otherwise. (7) The referring court may amend an order for rehearing at any time before or during a rehearing. S 43 am Act 94 of 2007

SECTION 43 COMMENTARY [CPA 43.20] Order for rehearing Once an application for a rehearing has been filed within time, the court is required to order a rehearing in all but the limited exceptional circumstances set out in the section, where a discretion is conferred. The court also ©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

51

Civil Procedure Leg

(1) A person aggrieved by an award may apply to the referring court for a rehearing of the proceedings concerned.

Civil Procedure Act 2005 s 44

[CPA 43.20]

has a discretion to order a rehearing on a limited basis only, in which event the matters for rehearing are to be specified. The suspension of the award is automatically continued unless a full rehearing is ordered, in which case the award ceases to have any effect: s 44. An order for rehearing cannot be made unless the amount claimed in the proceedings, or the value of the property to which the proceedings relate, exceeds the jurisdictional limit of the Local Court when sitting in its Small Claims Division. The current jurisdictional limit of the Local Court when sitting in its Small Claims Division is $10,000.00: Local Court Act 2007 s 29(1)(b). In respect of any change of the jurisdictional limit, the relevant limit is that which applies at the time of the application for rehearing rather than the date the proceedings were commenced: Csalar v Circosta (2002) 55 NSWLR 212; [2002] NSWSC 482. Further, there are public policy reasons for matters which fall within the jurisdictional limit of the Small Claims Division of the Local Court to be dealt with in the Small Claims Division: Csalar v Circosta (2002) 55 NSWLR 212; [2002] NSWSC 482 at 218. 44

Rehearing

(cf Act No 43 1983, section 18B)

(1) If an order is made for a full rehearing, the award ceases to have effect and the proceedings are to be heard and determined in the referring court as if they had never been referred to an arbitrator. (2) If an order is made for a limited rehearing: (a) the award is suspended from the time the order is made until the proceedings are determined, and (b) the aspects ordered to be dealt with at the limited rehearing are to be heard and determined in the court concerned as if they had not been dealt with in the arbitration, and (c) following the rehearing, the court may reinstate the award with such modifications (if any) as the court thinks appropriate, and (d) the award, as reinstated, is final and conclusive, and is taken to be a judgment of the referring court. (3) Subject to this Division, this Act and the uniform rules apply to proceedings on a rehearing in the same way as they apply to any other civil proceedings.

SECTION 44 COMMENTARY [CPA 44.20]

Rehearing

If a full rehearing is ordered under s 43, the arbitrator’s award ceases to have effect, and the dispute is referred back to the court for a full, fresh hearing. However, if the order under s 43 is for a limited rehearing, the award continues to be suspended only, pending determination of the issues referred for rehearing. Upon determination of the rehearing, the court may reinstate the arbitrator’s award, with modifications if appropriate. Rehearings are conducted as if the arbitration never occurred. Oral evidence given in the arbitration is not admissible: Najdanovic v Brown (unreported, NSWSC, 22 September 1992) affirmed in MacDougall v Curlevski (1996) 40 NSWLR 430 and Courtenay v Proprietors Strata Plan 12125 (unreported, NSWCA, 30 October 1998). Thus, a witness at the rehearing cannot be questioned about evidence given before an arbitrator even if it is inconsistent. However, circumstances relevant to the manner in which the arbitration was conducted, including the failure to call relevant witnesses at the arbitration that were subsequently called at the rehearing may be adduced to the Court on the issue of costs at the end of the rehearing: Hansen t/as Derrawee Pastoral Co v Monterey (Coohah) Pty Ltd [2012] NSWSC 1383 at [33]-[34]. Any documentary evidence from the arbitration is not on the record and must be re-tendered. The only relevance of the arbitration is as to costs. The reinstated award takes effect from the date of reinstatement.

52

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

Part 5 – Arbitration of proceedings Division 3 – Rehearings

[CPA 46.20]

45

s 46

Discontinuance of rehearing

(cf Act No 43 1983, section 18D)

(1) A rehearing may be discontinued, but only with the consent of all parties or by leave of the court.

(3) An (a) (b) (c)

Note:

award that is reinstated under this section: is final and conclusive, and is taken to be a judgment of the referring court, and unless the court otherwise orders, is taken to have had effect as such a judgment as from the date on which it would have taken effect under section 40(b) had no application for a rehearing been made under this Division.

Under section 40(b), the award would have taken effect at the expiry of 28 days after it was sent to all of the

parties.

SECTION 45 COMMENTARY [CPA 45.20]

Discontinuance of rehearing

If the court has ordered a rehearing under s 43, it cannot be unilaterally discontinued by a party. Consent or an order of the court is required. The court is to reinstate the award, which has effect as a judgment from the date from which it would originally have taken effect, unless the court orders otherwise. 46

Costs of rehearing

(cf Act No 43 1983, section 18C)

(1) A court that hears and determines proceedings on a full rehearing: (a) may make an order for costs in respect of the rehearing, and (b) may, in addition, make an order for costs in respect of the hearing under Division 2. (2) A court that hears and determines any aspect of proceedings on a limited rehearing: (a) may make an order for costs in respect of the rehearing as to that aspect, and (b) may, in addition, make an order for costs in respect of the hearing as to that aspect under Division 2. (3) This section applies to proceedings in respect of which a rehearing is discontinued under section 45 in the same way as it applies to proceedings that are heard and determined on a rehearing.

SECTION 46 COMMENTARY [CPA 46.20] Discretion as to costs of hearing and rehearing Where a defendant elects not to call at the arbitration evidence which at the rehearing may significantly alter the result in the defendant’s favour, it is within the court’s discretion to award costs against the defendant despite its success at the rehearing, and those costs may be on an indemnity basis. This is so even where the defendant might have a legitimate fear that to tip its hand at the arbitration could result in an unscrupulous plaintiff presenting a different case at the rehearing. In Quach v Mustafa (unreported, NSWCA, 15 June 1995) the defendant had elected not to disclose at the arbitration that it had cogent adverse film of the plaintiff, applied for a rehearing at which the award for the plaintiff was substantially reduced, but suffered an indemnity costs order, which the Court of Appeal found to be within discretion. The defendant’s forensic needs were said to be overridden by the necessity to make the arbitration system work as an alternative, not as a mere preliminary, to a court hearing. Quach was followed ©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

53

Civil Procedure Leg

(2) If a rehearing is discontinued, the court is to reinstate the award from which the rehearing has arisen.

Civil Procedure Act 2005 s 47

[CPA 46.20]

by the Court of Appeal in MacDougall v Curlevski (1996) 40 NSWLR 430, in which the defendant elected to call no evidence at the arbitration (on which the plaintiff succeeded) but produced at the rehearing an eyewitness whose evidence resulted in a verdict for the defendant; again the trial judge’s indemnity costs order against the defendant was held to be within discretion. In Howard v Telstra Corp Ltd [2003] NSWCA 188 an order that the plaintiff, although successful on the rehearing, pay the defendant’s costs of the arbitration and rehearing was set aside on appeal as being too harsh in the circumstances, and the plaintiff recovered his costs other than those of the arbitration (which he was ordered to pay). The Court of Appeal distinguished MacDougall v Curlevski on the basis that in Howard the plaintiff’s failure to call evidence in corroboration at the arbitration – which led to an award in favour of the defendant – was due to a mistaken belief that it would not be necessary, not to a decision for forensic purposes to withhold the evidence until the rehearing. In Morgan v Johnson (1998) 44 NSWLR 578; [1998] NSWSC 367 the Court of Appeal thought it appropriate that the parties bear their own costs of the rehearing, but that the defendant bear the cost of the arbitration as the party responsible for its failure. In that matter it was the plaintiff who sought the rehearing, at which the plaintiff’s fabrication of evidence was first exposed. The Court considered that one function of a fully contested arbitration is to promote informed decision-making as regards settlement, and a defendant who decides not to adduce compelling evidence at the arbitration can have no complain if costs discretions are exercised against the defendant. Quach, Howard and Morgan were discussed in some detail by the Court of Appeal in Sydney City Council v Geftlick [2006] NSWCA 280 where the Court of Appeal held that a successful defendant who had failed to call a critical witness on the issue of liability at the arbitration should pay the costs of the plaintiff and cross defendants on an ordinary basis from the date of the arbitration. At a rehearing, when the issue of costs of the proceedings is being determined, a party is entitled to tender the evidence it relies upon on the issue of costs, including offers of compromise, Calderbank offers, and matters relevant to the construction and effect of such offers, including relevant parts of the arbitrator’s reasons: Hansen v Monterey (Coolah) Pty Ltd [2012] NSWSC 1383 at [48 ]–[49]. 47

Subpoena at rehearing against arbitrator

(cf Act No 43 1983, section 18E)

A subpoena for the giving of evidence or the production of documents at a rehearing is not to be issued against the arbitrator to whom the proceedings concerned were referred just because the evidence or documents relate to the arbitration.

DIVISION 4 – MISCELLANEOUS 48

Appearances

(cf Act No 43 1983, section 8)

A party to referred proceedings before an arbitrator has the same rights as to: (a) representation by a barrister or solicitor, or otherwise, and (b) examination and cross-examination of witnesses, as the party would have in relation to proceedings before the referring court. 49

Procedure

(cf Act No 43 1983, section 10)

(1) Subject to this Act and any directions given by the referring court, the procedure at an arbitration is to be determined by the arbitrator. (2) Subject to the rules of evidence, an arbitrator must act according to equity, good conscience and the substantial merits of the case without regard for technicalities or legal forms.

54

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

Part 5 – Arbitration of proceedings Division 4 – Miscellaneous

[CPA 49.20]

s 52

SECTION 49 COMMENTARY [CPA 49.20]

Procedure

In arbitrations the presumption is that the expert medical evidence will be by way of written report rather than oral evidence: UCPR r 20.10. In the absence of consent of the parties, oral evidence cannot be introduced unless the court or the arbitrator so directs: see Hann v Nield (unreported, NSWSC, James J, 14 October 1993). The medical reports must be served to make them admissible. The evidence need not be recorded: s 51(2). 50

Issue of subpoenas

(cf Act No 43 1983, section 11)

A referring court has the same powers with respect to: (a) ordering persons to attend as witnesses at referred proceedings or to attend and produce documents at referred proceedings, and (b) enforcing compliance with any such orders, as it would have had in respect of the proceedings had they been heard and determined by the court. 51

Evidence

(cf Act No 43 1983, section 13)

(1) Subject to the uniform rules, evidence in referred proceedings before an arbitrator is to be given and received in the same way as it would be given and received before the referring court. (2) Subsection (1) does not require any such evidence to be recorded. (3) An arbitrator may administer an oath or take an affidavit for the purposes of referred proceedings. (4) Referred proceedings are taken to be judicial proceedings for the purposes of section 327 (Offence of perjury) of the Crimes Act 1900. 52

Refusal or failure to take oath etc

(cf Act No 43 1983, section 12)

(1) If, at any hearing of referred proceedings, a witness: (a) refuses or fails to take an oath when required by the arbitrator to do so, or (b) refuses or fails to answer a question that the witness is required by the arbitrator to answer, the arbitrator or a party to the proceedings may apply to the referring court for an order that the witness attend before the court for examination. (2) Unless satisfied that there was a reasonable excuse for the refusal or failure of the witness to take the oath or answer the question, the referring court must make the order applied for. (3) A court before which a witness attends and gives evidence pursuant to such an order may order the transmission to the arbitrator of the transcript of evidence. (4) Any such evidence is taken to have been given at the hearing before the arbitrator. (5) Failure to comply with an order under this section constitutes a contempt of the referring court, committed in the face of the court.

©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

55

Civil Procedure Leg

The arbitrator may, subject to the Act or any directions given by the court, determine the procedure for the arbitration. The rules of evidence do however apply but, subject to that, the arbitrator is only required to act according to equity, good conscience and the substantial merits of the case without regard for technicalities or legal forms.

Civil Procedure Act 2005 s 53 53

Contempt

(cf Act No 43 1983, section 14)

(1) A person must not: (a) wilfully insult an arbitrator while the arbitrator is hearing referred proceedings or proceeding to or from such a hearing, or (b) wilfully insult a person in attendance at such a hearing or proceeding to or from such a hearing, or (c) wilfully misbehave during the hearing of referred proceedings, or (d) wilfully and without lawful excuse interrupt the hearing of referred proceedings, or (e) assault or wilfully obstruct an arbitrator or other person during the hearing of referred proceedings, or (f) without lawful excuse, disobey a lawful direction given to the person by an arbitrator during the hearing of referred proceedings. (2) An arbitrator may direct a person who contravenes subsection (1) to leave the sitting of the arbitrator at which the contravention occurs and the person to whom the direction is given must immediately comply with the direction. (3) Failure to comply with such a direction constitutes a contempt of the referring court, committed in the face of the court. 54

Costs

(cf Act No 43 1983, section 16)

(1) An arbitrator may make orders with respect to the payment, as between the parties, of the costs of referred proceedings. (2) An arbitrator has the same powers in relation to an order for costs under subsection (1) as the referring court would have had if the hearing before the arbitrator had been a hearing before the court. (3) This section does not limit the power of the referring court to make orders under section 98 with respect to the costs of referred proceedings. 55

Protection from liability for arbitrator

(cf Act No 43 1983, section 6)

An arbitrator to whom the court refers proceedings has, in the exercise of his or her functions as an arbitrator in relation to those proceedings, the same protection and immunity as a judicial officer of the court has in the exercise of his or her functions as a judicial officer.

56

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

Part 6 – Case management and interlocutory matters [CPA Pt6.20]

s 55

PART 6 – CASE MANAGEMENT AND INTERLOCUTORY MATTERS Commentary by Michael McHugh SC.

PART 6 COMMENTARY General comments on Part 6

Rules of court not uncommonly now provide a general statement of an overriding purpose and a general statement of case management powers: Cairns B, Australian Civil Procedure (10th ed, Lawbook Co., 2014), Ch 2. Part 6 of the CPA builds upon and gives statutory supremacy to these rules and reinforces judicial pronouncements concerning case management and the duties of practitioners to give effect to the overriding purpose of facilitating the just, quick and cheap resolution of the real issues in the proceedings: State Pollution Control Commission v Australian Iron and Steel Pty Ltd [No 2] (1992) 29 NSWLR 487; 75 LGRA 327 at 493–494; Ashmore v Corp of Lloyds [1992] 1 WLR 446; Coopers Brewery Ltd v Panfida Foods Ltd (1992) 26 NSWLR 738 at 744. The Civil Procedure Rules 1998 (UK) introduced reforms to case management not dissimilar to those set out in Pt 6 and their history is set out in Idoport Pty Ltd v National Australia Bank Ltd (2000) 49 NSWLR 51; [2000] NSWSC 338. The NSW Attorney General in the Second Reading speech, inter alia, outlined Pt 6 of the CPA: Part 6 of the Bill introduces a number of new provisions relating to the conduct of court proceedings. The provisions recognise the importance of case management as a tool for increasing the efficiency of the court system and for reducing the cost of litigation. They seek to strike a balance between protecting the interests of justice in an individual case and protecting the interests of justice for other litigants and the courts … It is important to note that the dictates of justice will not be limited to the dictates of justice only as between the parties, which has been argued to be the effect of the majority judgment in one of the leading cases on case management – Queensland v JL Holdings Pty Ltd (1997) 189 CLR 146; 71 ALJR 294; [1997] HCA 1. The approach to amendments which the judgments in JL Holdings treated as appropriate is significantly altered by Pt 6: New South Wales v Mulcahy [2006] NSWCA 303; Aon Risk Services Australia Ltd v Australian National University (2009) 239 CLR 175; 83 ALJR 951; [2009] HCA 27 has effectively overturned JL Holdings. The CPA has given courts a power to give greater weight than previously to considerations of case management: Fexuto Pty Ltd v Lombe [2006] NSWSC 981; Halpin v Lumley General Insurance Ltd (2009) 78 NSWLR 265; 261 ALR 741; [2009] NSWCA 372. In any event, each case must be considered on its own facts and in the context of the current statutory regime. The prominence given in Pt 6 to the court’s overriding objective affects the dynamics of case management decisions, both in particular cases and generally. Parties need to bear that truth in mind in formulating submissions about the “dictates of justice” in particular cases. These provisions emphasise that, while the dictates of justice are to be obeyed, courts should manage cases and interlocutory procedures so that attention is focused on resolution of the real issues: Department of Community Services v D (2006) 66 NSWLR 582; [2006] NSWSC 827; Karl Suleman Enterprizes Pty Ltd (in liq) v David [2007] NSWSC 401. Part 6 of the CPA has the effect of reinforcing two points: (a) the courts and not the parties, are in charge of the proceedings; and (b) practitioners are bound to help the court to get to the real point of a case as quickly as possible. Parties can no longer seek “to advance a multitude of ingenious arguments in the hope that out of 10 bad points the judge will be capable of fashioning a winner”: Ashmore v Corp of Lloyds [1992] 1 WLR 446; Leading Edge Events Australia Pty Ltd v Kiri Te Kanawa (No 2) [2007] NSWSC 568. The principles that underpin these new statutory provisions were explained by the Court of Appeal in Shao Chun Bi v Mourad [2010] NSWCA 17. Allsop P stated “The reforms that have taken place under the Civil Procedure Act and the evident attempt by courts to ensure efficiency can be seen not merely to reflect worthy efforts for efficiency but also to be steps vital for the provision of timely individual justice” at [47]. Young JA said at [31] that the regime in ss 56 - 60of the CPA “requires the court to turn away reluctant gladiators and to ensure that they either prosecute their claims in due time or get sent away from the court”.

©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

57

Civil Procedure Leg

[CPA Pt6.20]

Civil Procedure Act 2005 s 56

[CPA 56.20]

DIVISION 1 – GUIDING PRINCIPLES Commentary by Michael McHugh SC. 56

Overriding purpose

(cf SCR Part 1, rule 3)

(1) The overriding purpose of this Act and of rules of court, in their application to civil proceedings, is to facilitate the just, quick and cheap resolution of the real issues in the proceedings. Subs (1) am Act 1 of 2013, Sch 1.6[3] and [4]; Act 135 of 2010, Sch 6.2[3]

(2) The court must seek to give effect to the overriding purpose when it exercises any power given to it by this Act or by rules of court and when it interprets any provision of this Act or of any such rule. (3) A party to civil proceedings is under a duty to assist the court to further the overriding purpose and, to that effect, to participate in the processes of the court and to comply with directions and orders of the court. (3A) [Repealed] Subs (3A) rep Act 1 of 2013, Sch 1.6[5]; insrt Act 135 of 2010, Sch 6.2[4]

(4) Each of the following persons must not, by their conduct, cause a party to civil proceedings to be put in breach of a duty identified in subsection (3): (a) any solicitor or barrister representing the party in the proceedings, (b) any person with a relevant interest in the proceedings commenced by the party. Subs (4) am Act 1 of 2013, Sch 1.6[3], [6] and [7]; subst Act 135 of 2010, Sch 6.2[5]

(5) The court may take into account any failure to comply with subsection (3) or (4) in exercising a discretion with respect to costs. Subs (5) am Act 1 of 2013, Sch 1.6[8]; Act 135 of 2010, Sch 6.2[6]

(6) For the purposes of this section, a person has a relevant interest in civil proceedings if the person: (a) provides financial assistance or other assistance to any party to the proceedings, and (b) exercises any direct or indirect control, or any influence, over the conduct of the proceedings or the conduct of a party in respect of the proceedings. Note: Examples of persons who may have a relevant interest are insurers and persons who fund litigation. Subs (6) insrt Act 135 of 2010, Sch 6.2[7]

(7) [Repealed] Subs (7) rep Act 1 of 2013, Sch 1.6[5]; insrt Act 135 of 2010, Sch 6.2[7] S 56 am Act 1 of 2013; Act 135 of 2010

SECTION 56 COMMENTARY Section 56 .............................................................................................................................................. [CPA 56.20] Recent cases ......................................................................................................................................... [CPA 56.40] References ......................................................................................................................................... [CPA 56.1000]

[CPA 56.20]

Section 56

Courts are required to give effect to the overriding purpose, and litigants are under a duty to assist the courts in furthering that purpose. Any failure to do so can be taken into account on costs questions. The phrase “just, quick and cheap” was, with its infamous comma, introduced to the SCR in 2000 in Pt 1 r 3. The just, quick and cheap disposition of the matter still requires full and proper consideration: Schenck Australia Pty Ltd v Australian Coal Technology Pty Ltd [2006] NSWCA 211. 58

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

Part 6 – Case management and interlocutory matters Division 1 – Guiding principles

[CPA 57.20]

s 57

The legislation is entirely consistent with, and reflective of, its historical models – in particular, Pt 1 r 3 and Pt 26 r 1 of the Supreme Court Rules 1970 (NSW) and s 76A of the Supreme Court Act 1970 (NSW), enacted in the mid-1980s to strengthen the powers of the Supreme Court to give directions for the conduct of civil proceedings. When making orders or directions for the management of proceedings the court must give effect to s 56: s 58.

[CPA 56.40]

Relevant appellate consideration

Expense Reduction Analysts Group Pty Ltd v Armstrong Strategic Management & Marketing Pty Ltd (2013) 250 CLR 303; 88 ALJR 76; [2013] HCA 46 – application of overriding purpose: avoidance of “unduly technical and costly disputes about non-essential issues”. Wardle v Agricultural & Rural Finance Pty Ltd (No 3) [2013] NSWCA 207 (It would not give effect to the overriding purpose if the slip rule power could not be exercised by a reconstituted bench in circumstances where it is not possible to reconvene the original court); Bott v Carter [2012] NSWCA 89 (s 56, might not reduce the conditions for the engagement of the power to dismiss proceedings generally under UCPR r 13.4, but limits the circumstances in which the court, satisfied that the power is available, might be inclined to refuse relief on discretionary grounds); Palavi v Radio 2UE Sydney Pty Ltd [2011] NSWCA 264 (destruction of documents – failure to comply with directions); distinguished by Clark v New South Wales [2012] NSWCA 139; [CPA 56.1000]

References

The liability of legal practitioners for unnecessary costs is dealt with under s 99 of the CPA, and further in s 348 of the Legal Profession Act 2004. Complementary UCPR to note are the powers to make directions under rr 2.1 and 2.3, the limiting of issues under r 14.2 and the fixing of maximum recoverable costs contained in r 42.4. 57

Objects of case management

(1) For the purpose of furthering the overriding purpose referred to in section 56(1), proceedings in any court are to be managed having regard to the following objects: (a) the just determination of the proceedings, (b) the efficient disposal of the business of the court, (c) the efficient use of available judicial and administrative resources, (d) the timely disposal of the proceedings, and all other proceedings in the court, at a cost affordable by the respective parties. (2) This Act and any rules of court are to be so construed and applied, and the practice and procedure of the courts are to be so regulated, as best to ensure the attainment of the objects referred to in subsection (1).

SECTION 57 COMMENTARY [CPA 57.20]

Section 57

Section 57 requires court proceedings to be managed having regard to the listed criteria: the just determination of the proceedings, the efficient disposal of the business of the court, the efficient use of available judicial and administrative resources and the timely disposal of the proceedings, and all other proceedings in the court, at a cost affordable by the respective parties. Section 57 ostensibly gives primacy to “the just determination” of proceedings, but it is subject to the “overriding purpose” of the legislation (identified in s 56) requiring the facilitation of “the just, quick and cheap resolution of the real issues” in proceedings. See Hans Pet Constructions Pty Ltd v Cassar [2009] NSWCA 230 and Aon Risk Services Australia Ltd v Australian National University (2009) 239 CLR 175; 83 ALJR 951; [2009] HCA 27 at [25 ]–[27] regarding public ©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

59

Civil Procedure Leg

The requirements that parties and practitioners assist the court in furthering the overriding purpose includes the pre-litigation steps found in Pt 2A of the CPA (ss 18A - 18O). See s 56(3A) of the CPA and Halpin v Lumley General Insurance Ltd (2009) 78 NSWLR 265; 261 ALR 741; [2009] NSWCA 372.

Civil Procedure Act 2005 s 58

[CPA 57.20]

interest in the efficient use of court resources. An adjournment necessitating a further appointment of a hearing date will inevitably delay other parties from obtaining a hearing. It is partly to that end that s 57 is directed: Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Ltd v Mio Amico Pty Ltd [2013] NSWSC 716. When making orders or directions for the management of proceedings the court must have regard to s 57: s 58(2). 58

Court to follow dictates of justice

(1) In deciding: (a) whether to make any order or direction for the management of proceedings, including: (i) any order for the amendment of a document, and (ii) any order granting an adjournment or stay of proceedings, and (iii) any other order of a procedural nature, and (iv) any direction under Division 2, and (b) the terms in which any such order or direction is to be made, the court must seek to act in accordance with the dictates of justice. (2) For the purpose of determining what are the dictates of justice in a particular case, the court: (a) must have regard to the provisions of sections 56 and 57, and (b) may have regard to the following matters to the extent to which it considers them relevant: (i) the degree of difficulty or complexity to which the issues in the proceedings give rise, (ii) the degree of expedition with which the respective parties have approached the proceedings, including the degree to which they have been timely in their interlocutory activities, (iii) the degree to which any lack of expedition in approaching the proceedings has arisen from circumstances beyond the control of the respective parties, (iv) the degree to which the respective parties have fulfilled their duties under section 56(3), (v) the use that any party has made, or could have made, of any opportunity that has been available to the party in the course of the proceedings, whether under rules of court, the practice of the court or any direction of a procedural nature given in the proceedings, (vi) the degree of injustice that would be suffered by the respective parties as a consequence of any order or direction, (vii) such other matters as the court considers relevant in the circumstances of the case.

SECTION 58 COMMENTARY Section 58 .............................................................................................................................................. [CPA 58.20] Dictates of justice ................................................................................................................................... [CPA 58.40]

[CPA 58.20]

Section 58

Section 58 requires the court to act in accordance with the dictates of justice set out in s 58(2) in deciding whether to make orders or directions for the management of proceedings and in what terms any such order or direction should be made. The section also sets out the matters in which a court must have regard to ss 56 and 57, and the matters to which a court may have regard, for the purpose of determining what are the dictates of justice in a particular case. Parties might not be well-placed to know with precision administrative constraints within which courts might be required to make particular decisions. Accordingly, care needs to be taken to neither make assumptions about such constraints, nor to ignore the possibility that they exist. Advocates should endeavour to address the statutory criterion bearing in mind that they need to be applied with flexibility, not pedantry: see also s 14 (Court may dispense with rules in particular cases). 60

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

[CPA 59.20]

Part 6 – Case management and interlocutory matters Division 1 – Guiding principles

s 59

Regard should also be had to provisions in the CPA and UCPR referencing specific case management powers, including delay (s 59), amendments (ss 64, 65, UCPR Pt 19), adjournments (s 66), case management (UCPR rr 2.1 – 2.3), discontinuance, withdrawal and dismissal (UCPR Pt 12), summary disposal (UCPR Pt 13), witness statements (UCPR r 31.4) and experts (UCPR r 31.20). Dictates of justice

A novel feature of the legislation – which might provide an illusion of administrative law formality – is the checklist of factors set out in s 58(2) as a charter for a requirement that courts “must seek to act in accordance with the dictates of justice”. The degree of injustice that might be suffered by the respective parties as a consequence of any order or direction is only one of the matters that may be taken into account in s 58(2)(b). None of those matters are to be given precedence over any other, each case turning on its own facts: New South Wales v Mulcahy [2006] NSWCA 303 at [29]; Dennis v Australian Broadcasting Corp [2008] NSWCA 37 at [28]. Note however, that in Hans Pet Constructions Pty Ltd v Cassar [2009] NSWCA 230, it was observed that what is vital to appreciate is that the regard to both ss 56 and 57 is statutorily compulsory: 58(2)(a). They are considerations that are relevant in the sense that the statute requires them to be taken into account: Minister for Aboriginal Affairs v Peko-Wallsend Ltd (1986) 162 CLR 24; 60 ALJR 560; [1986] HCA 40. The factors in s 58(2)(b) may be taken into account but whether they are is a matter for the tribunal. Hence, parties should, consistent with and to the extent necessary to discharge their duty to assist the court (s 56) and eliminate delay (s 59), address each matter relevant to the advancement of their case. In Aon Risk Services Australia Ltd v Australian National University (2009) 239 CLR 175; 83 ALJR 951; [2009] HCA 27 at [43] it was held “it cannot... be said that a just resolution requires that a party be permitted to raise any arguable case at any point in the proceedings, on payment of costs” per Gummow, Hayne, Crennan, Kiefel and Bell JJ. The dictates of justice are not just to deny hearings in exceptional cases, as it must be remembered that “what may be just, when amendment is sought, requires account to be taken of other litigants, not just the parties to the proceedings in question”: Aon Risk Services Australia Ltd at [42] per Gummow, Hayne, Crennan, Kiefel and Bell JJ. This has been applied more specifically to the NSW legislation in Markisic v Commonwealth [2010] NSWSC 24. 59

Elimination of delay

(cf Western Australia Supreme Court Rules, Order 1, rule 4A)

In any proceedings, the practice and procedure of the court should be implemented with the object of eliminating any lapse of time between the commencement of the proceedings and their final determination beyond that reasonably required for the interlocutory activities necessary for the fair and just determination of the issues in dispute between the parties and the preparation of the case for trial.

SECTION 59 COMMENTARY [CPA 59.20]

Section 59

Sections 59 and 60 complement s 56: Bellingen Shire Council v Colavon Pty Ltd (2012) 188 LGERA 169; [2012] NSWCA 34. Section 59 requires the practices and procedures of a court to be implemented in such a way as to minimise delay. However, that is subject to what is reasonably necessary by way of interlocutory activities for the fair and just determination of the issues in dispute and the preparation of the case for trial. Relevant considerations may include the length of any relevant delay and the nature of any procedural non-compliance; the delay between the accrual of the cause of action and the commencement of the action; any relevant change in circumstances since the cause of action accrued; the prior attitude and conduct of the relevant party; the nature and extent of prejudice to both parties; explanation for any delay; the degree of personal fault for the delay and the degree to which the non-defaulting party has been informed of the cause of the delay: A & N Holding NSW Pty Ltd v Andell Pty Ltd [2006] NSWSC 55. As Allsop P observed in Shao Chun Bi v Mourad [2010] NSWCA 17 at [47]: Delay is a feature of litigation intended to be eliminated as far as possible by the statutory enactment of the regime in the Civil Procedure Act. It cannot always be done. This purpose is not through some parliamentary authoritarian or over-prescriptive view of how people should lead their lives; rather, it is ©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

61

Civil Procedure Leg

[CPA 58.40]

Civil Procedure Act 2005 s 60

[CPA 59.20]

through the keen recognition of the conduct of the courts, in particular in the 20th century, of the need to deal with cases expeditiously if they are to be dealt with justly. Delay and case backlog are not merely factors affecting the costs of delivering justice; they corrode the ability of the courts to provide individual justice. The reforms that have taken place under the Civil Procedure Act and the evident attempt by courts to ensure efficiency can be seen not merely to reflect worthy efforts for efficiency but also to be steps vital for the provision of timely individual justice. Views may differ of justice in any particular case; that is the nature of the term and the value-laden task of a decision-maker to do justice. See also Jackamarra (an Infant) v Krakouer (1998) 195 CLR 516; 72 ALJR 819; 153 ALR 276; [1998] Aust Torts Reports 81-469; [1998] HCA 27 at 526 Hayne and Gummow JJ outlined the various ways in which avoidable delay can detract from the attainment of justice. Recent cases: Expense Reduction Analysts Group Pty Ltd v Armstrong Strategic Management and Marketing Pty Ltd (2013) 250 CLR 303; 88 ALJR 76; [2013] HCA 46 – avoidance of “unduly technical and costly disputes about non-essential issues”. Weston v Publishing and Broadcasting Ltd (2012) 88 ACSR 80; [2012] NSWCA 79 – six successive extensions of time for service pursuant to UCPR r 1.12; Arthur Andersen Corporate Finance Pty Ltd v Buzzle Operations Pty Ltd [2009] NSWCA 104. 60

Proportionality of costs

In any proceedings, the practice and procedure of the court should be implemented with the object of resolving the issues between the parties in such a way that the cost to the parties is proportionate to the importance and complexity of the subject-matter in dispute.

SECTION 60 COMMENTARY Section 60 .............................................................................................................................................. [CPA 60.20] Leave to appeal ..................................................................................................................................... [CPA 60.40]

[CPA 60.20]

Section 60

Section 60 requires court procedures to be implemented with the object of resolving the issues between the parties in such a way that the cost to the parties is proportionate to the importance and complexity of the subject-matter in dispute. The section taken literally imposes an impossible task upon the court to determine what “costs”, in its view, might be allowed to be expended by the parties in bringing the matter to a conclusion. What is “important” must be objectively assessed by the court having regard to the subjective importance attached to the proceedings by one or more of the parties. The section is likely to be used in conjunction with ss 61 and 62. The obligation applies to the conduct of the proceedings, not to the assessment of costs – eInduct Systems Pty Ltd v 3D Safety Services Pty Ltd (2015) 90 NSWLR 451; [2015] NSWCA 284 at [8]. For guidance on the interrelationship between s 60 and the discretion conferred by r 42.4 (maximum costs order) see Delta Electricity v Blue Mountains Conservation Society Inc (2010) 176 LGERA 424; [2010] NSWCA 263. [CPA 60.40]

Leave to appeal

The direction in s 60 has an important operation in respect of leave applications involving amounts below the statutory threshold. Where the costs of the trial are disproportionate to the amount in dispute, the incurring of additional costs, for a potentially uncertain return, will be a factor weighing heavily against a grant of leave: Be Financial Pty Ltd v Das [2012] NSWCA 164.

62

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

[CPA 61.20]

Part 6 – Case management and interlocutory matters Division 2 – Powers of court to give directions

s 62

DIVISION 2 – POWERS OF COURT TO GIVE DIRECTIONS 61

Directions as to practice and procedure generally

(cf SCR Part 23, rule 4; Act No 9 1973, section 68A)

(1) The court may, by order, give such directions as it thinks fit (whether or not inconsistent with rules of court) for the speedy determination of the real issues between the parties to the proceedings. Civil Procedure Leg

(2) In particular, the court may, by order, do any one or more of the following: (a) it may direct any party to proceedings to take specified steps in relation to the proceedings, (b) it may direct the parties to proceedings as to the time within which specified steps in the proceedings must be completed, (c) it may give such other directions with respect to the conduct of proceedings as it considers appropriate. (3) If a party to whom such a direction has been given fails to comply with the direction, the court may, by order, do any one or more of the following: (a) it may dismiss the proceedings, whether generally, in relation to a particular cause of action or in relation to the whole or part of a particular claim, (b) it may strike out or limit any claim made by a plaintiff, (c) it may strike out any defence filed by a defendant, and give judgment accordingly, (d) it may strike out or amend any document filed by the party, either in whole or in part, (e) it may strike out, disallow or reject any evidence that the party has adduced or seeks to adduce, (f) it may direct the party to pay the whole or part of the costs of another party, (g) it may make such other order or give such other direction as it considers appropriate. (4) Subsection (3) does not limit any other power the court may have to take action of the kind referred to in that subsection or to take any other action that the court is empowered to take in relation to a failure to comply with a direction given by the court.

SECTION 61 COMMENTARY [CPA 61.20]

Section 61

This section must be exercised in accordance with the overriding purpose and objectives of case management in ss 56 - 60; Hans Pet Constructions Pty Ltd v Cassar [2009] NSWCA 230. Under s 61(3)(f), if a party to whom a direction has been given fails to comply with the direction, the court may, amongst other things, direct the party to pay the whole or part of the costs of another party: Parramatta City Council v Stewart [2013] NSWCA 163. See also McGuirk v University of New South Wales [2010] NSWCA 104 where s 61(2)(c) was applied in directing the plaintiff to stop serving certain documents on the opposing party; and Rahman v Bimson [2010] NSWSC 338 for potential dismissal of proceedings. 62

Directions as to conduct of hearing

(cf Act No 52 1970, section 87; Act No 9 1973, section 77(4); SCR Part 34, rules 6 and 6AA)

(1) The court may, by order, give directions as to the conduct of any hearing, including directions as to the order in which evidence is to be given and addresses made. (2) The court may, by order, give directions as to the order in which questions of fact are to be tried. (3) Without limiting subsections (1) and (2), the court may, by order, give any of the following directions at any time before or during a hearing: (a) a direction limiting the time that may be taken in the examination, cross-examination or re-examination of a witness, ©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

63

Civil Procedure Act 2005 s 62 (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g)

a direction limiting the number of witnesses (including expert witnesses) that a party may call, a direction limiting the number of documents that a party may tender in evidence, a direction limiting the time that may be taken in making any oral submissions, a direction that all or any part of any submissions be in writing, a direction limiting the time that may be taken by a party in presenting his or her case, a direction limiting the time that may be taken by the hearing.

(4) A direction under this section must not detract from the principle that each party is entitled to a fair hearing, and must be given a reasonable opportunity: (a) to lead evidence, and (b) to make submissions, and (c) to present a case, and (d) at trial, other than a trial before the Local Court sitting in its Small Claims Division, to cross-examine witnesses. Subs (4) am Act 94 of 2007, s 4 and Sch 2

(5) In following (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g)

deciding whether to make a direction under this section, the court may have regard to the matters in addition to any other matters that the court considers relevant: the subject-matter, and the complexity or simplicity, of the case, the number of witnesses to be called, the volume and character of the evidence to be led, the need to place a reasonable limit on the time allowed for any hearing, the efficient administration of the court lists, the interests of parties to other proceedings before the court, the costs that are likely to be incurred by the parties compared with the quantum of the subject-matter in dispute, (h) the court’s estimate of the length of the hearing.

(6) At any time, the court may, by order, direct a solicitor or barrister for a party to give to the party a memorandum stating: (a) the estimated length of the trial, and the estimated costs and disbursements of the solicitor or barrister, and (b) the estimated costs that, if the party were unsuccessful at trial, would be payable by the party to any other party. S 62 am Act 94 of 2007

63

Directions with respect to procedural irregularities

(cf Act No 52 1970, section 81; Act No 9 1973, section 159; Act No 11 1970, section 75A)

(1) This section applies to proceedings in connection with which there is, by reason of anything done or omitted to be done, a failure to comply with any requirement of this Act or of rules of court, whether in respect of time, place, manner, form or content or in any other respect. (2) Such a failure: (a) is to be treated as an irregularity, and (b) subject to subsection (3), does not invalidate the proceedings, any step taken in the proceedings or any document, judgment or order in the proceedings. (3) The court may do either or both of the following in respect of proceedings the subject of a failure referred to in subsection (1): (a) it may, by order, set aside the proceedings, any step taken in the proceedings or any document, judgment or order in the proceedings, either wholly or in part, (b) it may exercise its powers to allow amendments and to make orders dealing with the proceedings generally. 64

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

Part 6 – Case management and interlocutory matters Division 3 – Other powers of court

[CPA 64.20]

s 64

(4) The court may not take action of the kind referred to in subsection (3)(a) on the application of any party unless the application is made within a reasonable time and, in any case, before the party takes any fresh step in the proceedings after becoming aware of the failure.

[CPA 63.20]

Application

Section 63(3)(a) enables a person seeking to have any matter which falls within s 63(1), in substance, invalidated. By virtue of s 63(4) that cannot be done unless the application is made within a reasonable time and, in any case, before the party takes any fresh step in the proceedings after becoming aware of the failure: Bobolas v Waverly Council (2016) 92 NSWLR 406; 217 LGERA 56; [2016] NSWCA 139.

DIVISION 3 – OTHER POWERS OF COURT 64

Amendment of documents generally

(cf SCR Part 20, rules 1 and 4; DCR Part 17, rules 1 and 4)

(1) At any stage of proceedings, the court may order: (a) that any document in the proceedings be amended, or (b) that leave be granted to a party to amend any document in the proceedings. (2) Subject to section 58, all necessary amendments are to be made for the purpose of determining the real questions raised by or otherwise depending on the proceedings, correcting any defect or error in the proceedings and avoiding multiplicity of proceedings. (3) An order under this section may be made even if the amendment would have the effect of adding or substituting a cause of action that has arisen after the commencement of the proceedings but, in that case, the date of commencement of the proceedings, in relation to that cause of action, is, subject to section 65, taken to be the date on which the amendment is made. (4) If there has been a mistake in the name of a party, this section applies to the person intended to be made a party as if he or she were a party. Subs (4) am Act 23 of 2006, s 3 and Sch 1[1]

(5) This section does not apply to the amendment of a judgment, order or certificate. S 64 am Act 23 of 2006

SECTION 64 COMMENTARY Leave to amend ..................................................................................................................................... [CPA 64.20] Effective date of amendment ................................................................................................................. [CPA 64.40]

[CPA 64.20]

Leave to amend

Consistently with the position before the CPA, the power to grant leave to amend may be exercised at any stage of the proceedings, and is to be exercised subject to s 58, as the court considers necessary in the interests of justice, and not to punish a party for its pleadings: Tony Azzi (Automobiles) Pty Ltd v Volvo Car Australia Pty Ltd [2006] NSWSC 249. The power is also subject to the overriding purpose referred to in s 56, and some of the relevant considerations are set out in CPA, ss 57 and 58. Those matters will generally require consideration of the nature and degree of any prejudice that may be suffered by the grant or refusal of the application: Itek Graphix Pty Ltd v Elliott (2002) 54 NSWLR 207; [2002] NSWCA 104. Justice to the applicant in permitting amendment, is always to be balanced against injustice to the respondent, and also requires regard to the overriding purpose and to the efficient and timely disposal of the proceedings. In some circumstances prejudice occasioned by amendment may be outweighed by the public interest for the real ©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

65

Civil Procedure Leg

SECTION 63 COMMENTARY

Civil Procedure Act 2005 s 65

[CPA 64.20]

issues in proceedings to be ventilated: Dymocks Book Arcade Pty Ltd v Capral Ltd [2011] NSWSC 1423. Each case must turn on its own facts, but there can be a significant brake on the exercise of the power: McMahon v John Fairfax Publications Pty Ltd [2010] NSWCA 308. The High Court’s decision in Aon Risk Services Australia Ltd v Australian National University (2009) 239 CLR 175; 83 ALJR 951; [2009] HCA 27 changed the landscape in relation to the approach to applications for amendment of pleadings. The Court of Appeal in Dennis v Australian Broadcasting Corp [2008] NSWCA 37 had said, that the previous governing authority, Queensland v JL Holdings Pty Ltd (1997) 189 CLR 146; [1999] CPLR 1; 71 ALJR 294, must be understood as operating subject to the statutory duty imposed under the CPA and particularly s 56, noting at [29] “That duty constitutes a significant qualification of the power to grant leave to amend a pleading under s 64 of the Civil Procedure Act 2005”. Similar sentiments were expressed by a differently constituted bench in Hans Pet Constructions Pty Ltd v Cassar [2009] NSWCA 230 at [36 ] – [41]. See also Expense Reduction Analysts Group Pty Ltd v Armstrong Strategic Management and Marketing Pty Ltd (2013) 250 CLR 303; 88 ALJR 76; [2013] HCA 46. Aon Risk made it clear that the earlier approach of seeing costs as a sufficient compensation for the amendment was no longer a proper approach. In the same way an absence of any particular prejudice to the other side, beyond the obvious delay caused by the proposed amendments, may not be sufficient to mean that the amendment will be allowed: Commonwealth Bank of Australia v Susan Hannaford Pty Ltd (No 2) [2013] NSWSC 574. A further significant point that emerges from Aon Risk is the need for an explanation for the delay in raising the matter in respect of which amendment is sought. The joint judgment said at [103]: Not only will [the parties seeking the leave] need to show that their application is brought in good faith, but they will also need to bring the circumstances giving rise to the amendment to the court’s attention, so that they may be weighed against the effects of any delay and the objectives of the Rules. Futile amendments will not be allowed: Alamdo Holdings Pty Ltd v Australian Window Furnishings (NSW) Pty Ltd [2006] NSWSC 1073; Aon Risk Services Australia Ltd v Australian National University (2009) 239 CLR 175; 83 ALJR 951; [2009] HCA 27 at [42 ]–[45]. [CPA 64.40]

Effective date of amendment

Generally, an amendment duly made takes effect not from the date when the amendment is made, but from the date of the original document which it amends: Baldry v Jackson [1976] 2 NSWLR 415 at 419. Where, however, an amendment is made to introduce a new defendant, or a new plaintiff, or a new cause of action, the position is different: see Liff v Peasley [1980] 1 WLR 781; [1980] 1 All ER 623; s 64(3) of the CPA. Thus, where a party is added in accordance with UCPR r 6.24, the date of commencement of proceedings, so far as concerns her or him, is the date of the amendment, or the filing of the amendment, and there is no retrospective effect: s 64(3) and UCPR r 6.28. Conversely, under s 64(4) the words “as if” implied that the party had been there all the time and accordingly the amendment takes effect from the date of the filing of the Statement of Claim: East West Airlines Ltd v Turner (2010) 78 NSWLR 1; 9 DDCR 297; [2010] NSWCA 53. Where a statute of limitation is involved, the court has a discretion to order that the amendment take effect from the date on which the amendment is made: Middleton v O’Neill (1943) 43 SR (NSW) 178; 60 WN (NSW) 101 at 186; Thompson v Pacific Acceptance Corp Ltd (1962) 80 WN (NSW) 773 at 778; see also s 65 of the CPA. 65

Amendment of originating process after expiry of limitation period

(cf SCR Part 20, rule 4; DCR Part 17, rule 4)

(1) This section applies to any proceedings commenced before the expiration of any relevant limitation period for the commencement of the proceedings. (2) At any time after the expiration of the relevant limitation period, the plaintiff in any such proceedings may, with the leave of the court under section 64(1)(b), amend the originating process so as: (a) to enable the plaintiff to maintain the proceedings in a capacity in which he or she has, since the proceedings were commenced, become entitled to bring and maintain the proceedings, or 66

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

[CPA 65.20]

Part 6 – Case management and interlocutory matters Division 3 – Other powers of court

s 65

(b)

to correct a mistake in the name of a party to the proceedings, whether or not the effect of the amendment is to substitute a new party, being a mistake that, in the court’s opinion, is neither misleading nor such as to cause reasonable doubt as to the identity of the person intended to be made a party, or (c) to add or substitute a new cause of action, together with a claim for relief on the new cause of action, being a new cause of action that, in the court’s opinion, arises from the same (or substantially the same) facts as those giving rise to an existing cause of action and claim for relief set out in the originating process. Civil Procedure Leg

(3) Unless the court otherwise orders, an amendment made under this section is taken to have had effect as from the date on which the proceedings were commenced. (4) This section does not limit the powers of the court under section 64. (5) This section has effect despite anything to the contrary in the Limitation Act 1969. (6) In this section, originating process, in relation to any proceedings, includes any pleading subsequently filed in the proceedings.

SECTION 65 COMMENTARY Power to amend after expiry of limitation period ................................................................................... [CPA 65.20] Mistake in the name of a party ............................................................................................................ [CPA 65.400]

[CPA 65.20]

Power to amend after expiry of limitation period

Section 65 permits amendments to be made to a statement of claim notwithstanding the expiry of any relevant limitation period. The settled rule of practice laid down in Weldon v Neal (1887) 19 QBD 394 was that the courts would not allow a plaintiff an amendment for the purpose of raising a claim which was, in fact, statute barred at the time of the application to amend: see (1980) 54 ALJ 643. However, the Court of Appeal in McGee v Yeomans [1977] 1 NSWLR 273 held that the provisions there applicable and from which s 65 is based, have displaced this rule of practice and have substituted a general discretion (unfettered by any rules of practice) to allow an amendment, notwithstanding that it raises a statute-barred cause of action, whenever justice so requires. The decision of McGee is applicable to applications under ss 64 and 65 of the CPA to amend a statute barred cause of action: Sagacious Procurement Ltd v Mayne Group Ltd [2005] NSWSC 1238. The Court of Appeal held in Proctor v Jetway Aviation Pty Ltd [1984] 1 NSWLR 166 that the binding precedent decided by McGee was that SCR Pt 20 r 4, the former provision, together with SCA s 6 (Inconsistency with rules) operated to confer a power of amendment in respect of an expired period of limitation provided for in the Limitation Act 1969 or any other earlier Act. See further the discussion in Owners Strata Plan 62930 v Kell and Rigby Holdings Pty Ltd [2010] NSWSC 612. The applicant for an order under s 65 has the positive burden of demonstrating that it is required by the justice of the case and the question of prejudice to the defendant may be a relevant consideration in determining whether that onus has been discharged: Brisbane South Regional Health Authority v Taylor (1996) 186 CLR 541; 70 ALJR 866; [1996] HCA 25 at 554–556; Holt v Wynter (2000) 49 NSWLR 128; 31 MVR 467; [2000] NSWCA 143; Parsons v Doukas (2001) 52 NSWLR 162; 34 MVR 103; [2001] NSWCA 128 ; Greenwood v Papademetri [2007] NSWCA 221 at [35]. Where the proposed amendment satisfies the express criteria in s 65(2) of the Act, it has been suggested that it will be unlikely that a person opposing the grant of leave will be able to demonstrate material prejudice: Dymocks Book Arcade Pty Ltd v Capral Ltd [2011] NSWSC 1423. The statutes of limitation in Proctor v Jetway Aviation Pty Ltd [1984] 1 NSWLR 166 were State and not Commonwealth legislation and were enacted before the rule under consideration in that case. However, in Australia & New Zealand Banking Group Ltd v Larcos (1987) 13 NSWLR 286 the rule was applied to a claim otherwise extinguished by Commonwealth legislation. In Air Link Pty Ltd v Paterson [No 2] (2003) 58 NSWLR 388; [2003] NSWCA 251, the majority upheld the validity of DCR Pt 17 r 4 and, following Agtrack (NT) Pty Ltd (t/as Spring Air) v Hatfield (2003) 7 VR 63; 174 FLR 395; [2003] VSCA 6, applied it to grant leave to amend the statement of claim where the proposed amendment was made after the expiration of the limitation period of a Commonwealth statute which granted the right of action (special leave application to the High Court granted). Both Air Link Pty Ltd v Paterson [No 2] (2003) 58 NSWLR 388; [2003] NSWCA 251 and Agtrack (NT) Pty Ltd v Hatfield (2003) 7 VR 63; 174 FLR 395; [2003] VSCA 6 were upheld in the High ©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

67

Civil Procedure Act 2005 s 66

[CPA 65.20]

Court: Air Link Pty Ltd v Paterson (2005) 223 CLR 283; 79 ALJR 1407; [2005] HCA 39 and Agtrack (NT) Pty Ltd (t/as Spring Air) v Hatfield (2005) 223 CLR 251; 79 ALJR 1389; [2005] HCA 38. The former SCR and upon which s 65 is based was not confined to “procedural” limitation statutes of the forum and extends to contractual time bans if they are applicable and a foreign limitation statute that is recognisable in the forum as part of the lesu causae under the choice of law principles in Regie Nationale des Usines Renault (SA) v Zhang (2002) 210 CLR 491; 76 ALJR 551; 187 ALR 1; 35 MVR 1; [2002] Aust Torts Reports 81-646; [2002] AIPC 91-786; 23 NSWCCR 207; [2002] HCA 10; see Dyno Wesfarmers Ltd v Knuckey [2003] NSWCA 375 at [36]. In Lloyd Steel Co (Aust) Pty Ltd v Jade Shipping SA (1985) 1 NSWLR 212, the former SCR were held not to be confined to limitation periods prescribed by statute, but to include a contractual limitation period. A liquidator who has applied within the limitation period to set aside voidable transactions may have leave to amend that application outside the limitation period to set aside further voidable transactions notwithstanding s 588FF(3) of the Corporations Law; see Star v National Australia Bank Ltd (1999) 150 FLR 119; [1999] NSWSC 305; 30 ACSR 583 and PSL Industries Ltd v Simplot Australia Pty Ltd (2003) 7 VR 106; 174 FLR 111; [2003] VSCA 7. For a discussion of the considerations raised in an application to substitute a party, where a statute of limitations is involved, see Hubbard Association of Scientologists International v Attorney-General (Vic) [1976] VR 119 at 126–127. It is considered that the powers of amendment under s 65 may not be invoked to save an action that is a nullity. Thus where the plaintiff died before the issue of a statement of claim and her or his executrix brought an action before the expiration of the limitation period but before probate was granted, and probate was not granted until the limitation period had expired, both actions were a nullity, because in NSW the title of an executor does not relate back to the death of the deceased for the purpose of bringing it within the limitation period: Marshall v DG Sundin & Co Pty Ltd (1989) 16 NSWLR 463. [CPA 65.400]

Mistake in the name of a party

Under subs (2) the court’s power to allow the name of a party to be corrected is not confined to the correction of misspellings in the name of a party or the addition of words which have been omitted from the name but extends to permitting a plaintiff who had intended to sue one person but who had named another as the defendant to substitute the name of the one for that of the other if (a) the plaintiff has made a genuine mistake, (b) the mistake is not misleading or such as to cause any reasonable doubt as to the identity of the person intended to be sued, and (c) it would be just to make the amendment: Evans Construction Co Ltd v Charrington & Co Ltd [1983] QB 810; [1983] 2 WLR 117; [1983] 1 All ER 310. See also East West Airlines Ltd v Turner (2010) 78 NSWLR 1; 9 DDCR 297; [2010] NSWCA 53. Further, another person, along with the original defendant, can be substituted for the original defendant where such a mistake has been made: Greenwood v Papademetri [2007] NSWCA 221 at [69], Mitry v Business Australia Capital Finance Pty Ltd (in liq) [2010] NSWCA 360. A mistake of law as to the proper defendant is not a mistake as to the name of a party: Bridge Shipping Pty Ltd v Grand Shipping SA (1991) 173 CLR 231; 66 ALJR 76; [1991] HCA 45. See also Price v Ferris (1994) 34 NSWLR 704; 74 A Crim R 127; Tomsimmat & Assocs Pty Ltd v G & R Investments Pty Ltd (1993) 25 1PR 545; Seas Sapfor Ltd v Far Eastern Shipping Co (1995) 39 NSWLR 435; Nikolay Malakhov Shipping Co Ltd v SEAS Sapfor Ltd (1998) 44 NSWLR 371. A thorough review of the authorities by Young CJ in Eq can be found in A & M Short Pty Ltd v Prestige Residential Marketing Pty Ltd (2005) 194 FLR 32; 54 ACSR 760; [2005] NSWSC 872. As to the correction of the name of a party prior to the expiration of a limitation period, see UCPR r 6.23 (Misjoinder or non-joinder of parties) and CPA s 64(4). 66

Adjournment of proceedings

(cf Act No 11 1970, section 75)

(1) Subject to rules of court, the court may at any time and from time to time, by order, adjourn to a specified day any proceedings before it or any aspect of any such proceedings. (2) If a judicial officer is not available at the time appointed for the hearing of any proceedings, a registrar may adjourn, to a later time on the same day or to a later specified day, any matters listed for 68

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

Part 6 – Case management and interlocutory matters Division 3 – Other powers of court

s 71

hearing by the judicial officer at the appointed time. 67

Stay of proceedings

(cf Act No 9 1973, section 156)

Subject to rules of court, the court may at any time and from time to time, by order, stay any proceedings before it, either permanently or until a specified day. Attendance at court and production of documents and things to court Civil Procedure Leg

68

(cf Act No 9 1973, section 64; Act No 11 1970, section 72; SCR Part 36, rule 12)

Subject to rules of court, the court may, by subpoena or otherwise, order any person to do either or both of the following: (a) to attend court to be examined as a witness, (b) to produce any document or thing to the court. Note: See also section 77 of the Crimes (Administration of Sentences) Act 1999 and section 42 of the Children (Detention Centres) Act 1987 with respect to the attendance of persons detained in custody.

69

Affidavits and witness statements may be read in advance of hearing

Proceedings are not to be challenged, reviewed, quashed or called into question by reason only that the judicial officer or other person before whom the proceedings are being conducted has, prior to hearing, read any affidavit or witness statement that has been filed or lodged in the proceedings. 70

Informal proof and admissions

(cf Act No 52 1970, section 82)

(1) At any stage of the proceedings, the court: (a) may, by order, dispense with the rules of evidence for proving any matter that is not bona fide in dispute, also with such rules of evidence as may give rise to expense or delay, and (b) without limiting the generality of paragraph (a), may, by order, dispense with the proof of handwriting, documents, the identity of parties or parcels of land, or of authority, and (c) may, by order, require any party (not being a person under legal incapacity) to make admissions with respect to any document or to any question of fact, and (d) in the case of a party’s refusal or neglect to make any admission required under paragraph (c), may, unless of the opinion that the refusal or neglect is reasonable, order that the costs of proof occasioned by the refusal or neglect are to be paid by the party. (2) An (a) (b) (c) 71

admission made under subsection (1)(c): is to be for the purpose of the proceedings in which it is made and for no other purpose, and is to be subject to all just exceptions, and may, with the leave of the court, be amended or withdrawn.

Business in the absence of the public

(cf Act No 52 1970, section 80)

Subject absence of (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g)

©

to any Act, the business of a court in relation to any proceedings may be conducted in the the public in any of the following circumstances: on the hearing of an interlocutory application, except while a witness is giving oral evidence, if the presence of the public would defeat the ends of justice, if the business concerns the guardianship, custody or maintenance of a minor, if the proceedings are not before a jury and are formal or non-contentious, if the business does not involve the appearance before the court of any person, if, in proceedings in the Equity Division of the Supreme Court, the court thinks fit, if the uniform rules so provide.

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

69

Civil Procedure Act 2005 s 73 73

Power of court to determine questions about compromises and settlements (1) In any proceedings, the court: (a) has and may exercise jurisdiction to determine any question in dispute between the parties to the proceedings as to whether, and on what terms, the proceedings have been compromised or settled between them, and (b) may make such orders as it considers appropriate to give effect to any such determination.

(2) This section does not limit the jurisdiction that the court may otherwise have in relation to the determination of any such question.

DIVISION 4 – PERSONS UNDER LEGAL INCAPACITY 74

Definitions and application

(cf Act No 25 1929, sections 2 and 3)

(1) In this Division: manager, in relation to a protected person’s estate, means the person having the management of the estate under the NSW Trustee and Guardian Act 2009. Def am Act 49 of 2009, Sch 2.9[2]

protected person has the same meaning as it has in the NSW Trustee and Guardian Act 2009. Def am Act 49 of 2009, Sch 2.9[2]

(2) This Division does not apply to claims made or compensation awarded under any of the following Acts: (a) the Workers Compensation Act 1987, (b) the Workers Compensation (Bush Fire, Emergency and Rescue Services) Act 1987, (c) the Workers’ Compensation (Dust Diseases) Act 1942, (d) the Workplace Injury Management and Workers Compensation Act 1998. (3) This Division does not limit the operation of the Minors (Property and Contracts) Act 1970 or section 16 of the Infants’ Custody and Settlements Act 1899. S 74 am Act 49 of 2009

75

Settlement of claim made on behalf of, or against, person under legal incapacity

(cf SCR Part 63, rule 13)

(1) This section applies to any claim, enforceable by proceedings in the court, that is made by or on behalf of, or against, a person under legal incapacity. (2) If, before proceedings are commenced with respect to any such claim, an agreement for the compromise or settlement of the claim is made by or on behalf of the person under legal incapacity, the court may approve or disapprove the agreement. (3) An agreement disapproved by the court does not bind the person under legal incapacity. (4) An agreement approved by the court binds the person under legal incapacity as if he or she were of full capacity and (if it was made by some other person on his or her behalf) as if that other person had made the agreement as his or her agent. 76 Settlement of proceedings commenced by or on behalf of, or against, person under legal incapacity (cf Act No 25 1929, section 4)

(1) This section applies to proceedings commenced by or on behalf of, or against, any of the following persons: (a) a person under legal incapacity, 70

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

Part 6 – Case management and interlocutory matters Division 4 – Persons under legal incapacity

s 77

(b) a person who, during the course of the proceedings, becomes a person under legal incapacity, (c) a person whom the court finds, during the course of the proceedings, to be incapable of managing his or her own affairs. (2) The court may make a finding referred to in subsection (1)(c) only on the basis of evidence given in the proceedings in which it is made, and such a finding has effect for the purpose only of those proceedings. (3) Except with the approval of the court, there may not be: (a) any compromise or settlement of any proceedings to which this section applies, or (b) any acceptance of money paid into court in any such proceedings, as regards a claim made by or on behalf of, or against, a person referred to in subsection (1). Subs (3) am Act 56 of 2007, s 3 and Sch 2[4]

(3A) However, the approval of the court is not required in relation to any agreement for the compromise or settlement of any matter in dispute in proceedings commenced by, or on behalf of, or against, a person under legal incapacity if, on the day the agreement for the compromise or settlement is made, that person has attained the age of 18 years and is not otherwise a person referred to in subsection (1). Accordingly, subsections (4) – (6) do not apply in relation to any such agreement. Subs (3A) insrt Act 67 of 2015, Sch 1.2[1]

(4) If an agreement for the compromise or settlement of any matter in dispute in any such proceedings is made by or on behalf of a person referred to in subsection (1), the court may approve or disapprove the agreement. (5) An agreement disapproved by the court does not bind the person by whom or on whose behalf it was made. (6) An agreement approved by the court binds the person by whom or on whose behalf it was made as if he or she were of full capacity and (if it was made by some other person on his or her behalf) as if that other person had made the agreement as his or her agent. S 76 am Act 67 of 2015; Act 56 of 2007

77

Payment of money recovered on behalf of person under legal incapacity

(cf Act No 25 1929, section 4)

(1) This section applies to money recovered in any proceedings on behalf of any of the following persons: (a) a person under legal incapacity, (b) a person who, during the course of the proceedings, becomes a person under legal incapacity, (c) a person whom the court has found, under section 76(1)(c), to be incapable of managing his or her own affairs, pursuant to a compromise, settlement, judgment or order in any proceedings. (2) All money recovered on behalf of a person referred to in subsection (1) is to be paid into court. (3) Despite subsection (2), the court may order that the whole or any part of such money not be paid into court but be paid instead to such person as the court may direct, including: (a) if the person is a minor, to the NSW Trustee and Guardian, or (b) if the person is a protected person, to the manager of the protected person’s estate. Subs (3) am Act 49 of 2009, Sch 2.9[3]; subst Act 56 of 2006, s 3 and Sch 1[2]

(4) Money paid into court under subsection (2) is to be paid to such person as the court may direct, including: (a) if the person is a minor, to the NSW Trustee and Guardian, or (b) if the person is a protected person, to the manager of the protected person’s estate. Subs (4) am Act 49 of 2009, Sch 2.9[3]; subst Act 56 of 2006, s 3 and Sch 1[2] S 77 am Act 49 of 2009; Act 56 of 2006 ©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

71

Civil Procedure Leg

Subs (1) am Act 56 of 2007, s 3 and Sch 2[3]

Civil Procedure Act 2005 s 78 78

Application of money by NSW Trustee and Guardian

(cf Act No 25 1929, section 5(1), (2) and (3))

(1) Subject to any order of the court, money paid under this Division to the NSW Trustee and Guardian on behalf of a minor is to be held and applied by the NSW Trustee and Guardian for the maintenance and education of, or otherwise for the benefit of, the minor. Subs (1) am Act 49 of 2009, Sch 2.9[3]

(2) On the application of the NSW Trustee and Guardian, the Supreme Court may give directions to the NSW Trustee and Guardian as to the administration of any such money. Subs (2) am Act 49 of 2009, Sch 2.9[3]

(3) If given effect to by the NSW Trustee and Guardian, any such direction exonerates the NSW Trustee and Guardian from any claim or demand by any other person. Subs (3) am Act 49 of 2009, Sch 2.9[3] S 78 am Act 49 of 2009, Sch 2.9[3]

79

Application of money by manager of protected person’s estate

(cf Act No 25 1929, section 5(4))

Subject to any order of the court, money paid under this Division to the manager of a protected person’s estate is to be held and applied by the manager as part of that estate. 80

Directions to tutor of person under legal incapacity

On the application of the tutor for a person under legal incapacity, the Supreme Court may give directions with respect to the tutor’s conduct of proceedings, whether before the Supreme Court or any other court, on behalf of that person.

DIVISION 5 – INTERIM PAYMENTS 81

Definitions and application

(cf Act No 52 1970, sections 76D and 76H; Act No 9 1973, sections 57 and 61)

(1) In this Division: interim payment, in relation to proceedings for the recovery of damages, means a payment of any of those damages by a defendant before the completion of the proceedings, either voluntarily or in accordance with an order of the court under this Division. public authority means a public or local authority constituted by or under an Act, a Government Department or a statutory body representing the Crown, and includes a person exercising functions on behalf of any such authority, Department or body. (2) This Division does not apply to an award of damages to which Part 4 of the Motor Accident Injuries Act 2017 applies except as specifically provided by section 82(7). Note: See clause 22 of Schedule 6 for provisions relating to the construction of references to the Motor Accident Injuries Act 2017. Subs (2) am Act 10 of 2017, Sch 5.2[2] and [3]; Act 95 of 2007, s 4 and Sch 2.1[1]; Act 56 of 2006, s 3 and Sch 1[3] S 81 am Act 10 of 2017[3]; Act 95 of 2007; Act 56 of 2006

82

Court may order interim payments

(cf Act No 52 1970, section 76E; Act No 9 1973, section 58)

(1) In any proceedings for the recovery of damages, the court may order a defendant in the proceedings to make one or more payments to the plaintiff of part of the damages sought to be recovered in the proceedings. 72

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

Part 6 – Case management and interlocutory matters Division 5 – Interim payments

s 84

(2) The court may make such an order against a defendant on the application of the plaintiff at any stage of the proceedings.

(4) The court may not make such an order if the defendant satisfies the court that: (a) the defendant is not insured in respect of the risk giving rise to the plaintiff’s claim for the recovery of damages, and (b) the defendant is not a public authority, and (c) the defendant would, having regard to the defendant’s means and resources, suffer undue hardship if such a payment were to be made. (5) The court may order a defendant to make one or more payments of such amounts as it thinks just, but not exceeding a reasonable proportion of the damages that, in the court’s opinion, are likely to be recovered by the plaintiff. (6) In estimating those damages, the court is to take into account any relevant contributory negligence, and any cross-claims, on which the defendant may be entitled to rely. (7) The court may make an order under this section in proceedings for the recovery of damages to which Part 4 of the Motor Accident Injuries Act 2017 applies, but only an order for one or more payments to be made to the plaintiff of part of the damages for economic loss sought to be recovered in the proceedings and only if the court is satisfied that the plaintiff would suffer financial hardship if such a payment were not made. Subs (7) am Act 10 of 2017, Sch 5.2[4]; insrt Act 95 of 2007, s 4 and Sch 2.1[2] S 82 am Act 10 of 2017; Act 95 of 2007

83

Interim payment not admission of liability

(cf Act No 52 1970, section 76F; Act No 9 1973, section 59)

(1) The fact that a defendant makes one or more interim payments is not of itself an admission of liability by the defendant. (2) The making of, or refusal to make, an order under this Division is not a finding as to liability in respect of the proceedings. 84

Adjustments on final judgment etc

(cf Act No 52 1970, section 76G; Act No 9 1973, section 60)

(1) This section applies to proceedings in which a defendant makes one or more interim payments. (2) The court may make such orders with respect to the interim payments as may be just and, in particular, may order one or more of the following: (a) the variation or discontinuance of interim payments, (b) the repayment by the plaintiff of all or part of any interim payment, with or without interest, (c) the payment by another party of all or part of any interim payment that the defendant is entitled to recover from that other party. (3) The court may make an order under this section: (a) when making a final judgment or order, or (b) when granting the plaintiff leave to discontinue proceedings or to withdraw a claim, or (c) on the application of any party, at any other stage of the proceedings.

©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

73

Civil Procedure Leg

(3) The court may not make such an order unless: (a) the defendant has admitted liability, or (b) the plaintiff has obtained judgment against the defendant for damages to be assessed, or (c) the court is satisfied that, if the proceedings went to trial, the plaintiff would obtain judgment for substantial damages against the defendant.

Civil Procedure Act 2005 s 85

DIVISION 6 – MISCELLANEOUS 85

Examination on oath

(cf Act No 52 1970, section 83; Act No 9 1973, section 70)

If a person is authorised by this Act or by rules of court, or by an order of the court, to take the examination of any person: (a) the examination is to be taken on oath, and (b) the oath may be administered by the person taking the examination or by a judicial officer of the court. 86 Orders (cf Act No 52 1970, section 21; Act No 9 1973, section 6; SCR Part 1, rule 11A)

(1) The power of the court to make orders in relation to proceedings, whether under this or any other Act or otherwise, includes the power: (a) to make orders by way of leave or direction, and (b) to make all or any orders on terms. (2) The power of the court to make orders on terms is taken to be a power to make orders on such terms and conditions as the court thinks fit. (3) Subject to this Act and to rules of court, the court may make any order that it has power to make either of its own motion or on the application of a party or any other person entitled to make such an application. (4) Nothing in this Act limits the operation of section 43 of the Interpretation Act 1987. 87 Protection against self-incrimination in relation to interlocutory matters (cf Act No 25 1995, sections 128 and 133)

(1) In this section: civil penalty has the same meaning as it has in the Evidence Act 1995. conduct includes both act and omission. culpable conduct means conduct that, under: (a) the laws of New South Wales, or (b) the laws of any other State or Territory, or (c) the laws of the Commonwealth, or (d) the laws of a foreign country, constitutes an offence or renders a person liable to a civil penalty. order for production means an interlocutory order requiring a person (other than a body corporate) to provide evidence to the court or to a party to a proceeding before the court. provide evidence means: (a) to provide an answer to a question or to produce a document or thing, or (b) to swear an affidavit, or (c) to file and serve an affidavit or a witness statement, or (d) to permit possession to be taken of a document or thing. (2) This section applies in circumstances in which: (a) an application is made for, or the court makes, an order for production against a person, and (b) the person objects to the making of such an order, or applies for the revocation of such an order, on the ground that the evidence required by the order may tend to prove that the person has engaged in culpable conduct. (2A) This section does not apply in circumstances in which section 128A of the Evidence Act 1995 applies. Subs (2A) insrt Act 46 of 2007, s 4 and Sch 2.1 74

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

Part 6 – Case management and interlocutory matters Division 6 – Miscellaneous

s 89

(3) If the court finds that there are reasonable grounds for the objection or application referred to in subsection (2)(b), the court is to inform the person, or the person’s legal representative: (a) that the person need not provide the evidence, and (b) that, if the person provides the evidence, the court will give a certificate under this section, and (c) of the effect of such a certificate.

Civil Procedure Leg

(4) If the person informs the court that he or she will provide the evidence, the court is to cause the person to be given a certificate under this section in respect of the evidence. (5) The court is also to cause a person to be given a certificate under this section if the court overrules an objection to the making of an order for production, or refuses an application for the revocation of such an order, but, after the evidence is provided, the court finds that there were reasonable grounds for the objection or application. (6) Despite anything in this section, the court may make an order for production if it is satisfied of the following: (a) that the evidence required by the order may tend to prove that the person has engaged in culpable conduct, (b) that the culpable conduct does not comprise conduct that, under: (i) the laws of any State or Territory (other than New South Wales), or (ii) the laws of the Commonwealth, or (iii) the laws of a foreign country, constitutes an offence or renders a person liable to a civil penalty, (c) that the interests of justice require that the person provide the evidence. (7) If the court makes an order for production under subsection (6), it is to cause the person to be given a certificate under this section in respect of the evidence required by the order. (8) In any proceedings: (a) evidence provided by a person in respect of which a certificate under this section has been given, and (b) evidence of any information, document or thing obtained as a direct or indirect consequence of the person having provided such evidence, cannot be used against the person. However, this does not apply to a criminal proceeding in respect of the falsity of the evidence. (9) If a question arises under this section relating to a document, the court may order that the document be produced to it and may inspect the document for the purpose of determining the question. S 87 am Act 46 of 2007

88

Fresh trial

(1) If a trial of proceedings has commenced before a judicial officer and he or she is unable to continue the trial or give judgment in the proceedings, by reason of death, resignation or incapacity, the senior judicial officer of the relevant court may nominate some other judicial officer of that court as the judicial officer before whom the proceedings are to be listed for trial. (2) In this section, a reference to a trial of proceedings includes a reference to a trial of one or more questions in the proceedings. 89

Procedure on fresh trial

(1) If: (a) any proceedings have been listed for trial pursuant to section 88, or (b) an appellate court has made an order for a fresh trial generally (being an order given on an appeal after a trial of any proceedings), or (c) a judicial officer before whom a trial of any proceedings has commenced has discharged himself or herself from the trial without having given judgment in the proceedings, the court may give such directions as it thinks fit as to the evidence to be used in the fresh trial. ©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

75

Civil Procedure Act 2005 s 89 (2) In particular, the court may give either or both of the following directions: (a) a direction that all or any part of the evidence given at the previous trial is to be taken to be evidence in the fresh trial without the need for the witnesses to be recalled, (b) a direction that all or any of the witnesses are to be recalled for examination or cross-examination, or both, either generally or as to a particular question or questions in the proceedings. (3) In subsection (1), a reference to a trial of proceedings includes a reference to a trial of one or more questions in the proceedings.

76

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

Part 7 – Judgments and orders Division 1 – Judgments and orders generally

[CPA 90.20]

s 91

PART 7 – JUDGMENTS AND ORDERS DIVISION 1 – JUDGMENTS AND ORDERS GENERALLY Commentary by Steven Jupp, Registrar, Supreme Court. Updated by Mark Walsh SC. Judgments generally Civil Procedure Leg

90

(cf Act No 52 1970, section 91; Act No 9 1973, section 81)

(1) The court is, at or after trial or otherwise as the nature of the case requires, to give such judgment or make such order as the nature of the case requires. (2) If there is a claim by a plaintiff and a cross-claim by a defendant, the court: (a) may give judgment for the balance only of the sums of money awarded on the respective claims, or (b) may give judgment in respect of each claim, and may give judgment similarly where several claims arise between plaintiffs, defendants and other parties.

DIVISION 1 COMMENTARY [CPA Pt 7.Div1.20]

General comments on Division 1

The intrinsic judicial function of quelling a controversy between parties is achieved by a court making an order or orders to bring finality to the relevant controversy. It is the order of the court that resolves the dispute by bringing the cause of action alleged by the plaintiff to an end. That is because the cause of action merges in the order of judgment and ceases to have an independent existence, see Tomlinson v Ramsey Food Processing Pty Ltd (2015) 256 CLR 507; [2015] HCA 28 at [20]. It is only from the order of a court that a party can appeal to a court higher in the appropriate hierarchy which has been said to be fundamental to our jurisprudence: Moller v Roy (1995) 132 CLR 622; [1975] HCA 31 at 672. Thus, a court’s decision recorded in its order or judgment is an essential part of the administration of justice and the contribution that courts make to the community.

SECTION 90 COMMENTARY [CPA 90.20]

Judgments generally

This section is derived from SCA s 91. It deals with judgments and orders that finalise the proceedings. The court can enter one judgment or order in the proceedings, which reconciles any cross-claims in the proceedings, and can do so whether after a trial or as a result of the proceedings being compromised or settled. See also s 96, which deals with set-offs between different judgments. 91

Effect of dismissal of proceedings

(cf SCR Part 40, rule 8)

(1) Dismissal of: (a) any proceedings, either generally or in relation to any cause of action, or (b) the whole or any part of a claim for relief in any proceedings, does not, subject to the terms on which any order for dismissal was made, prevent the plaintiff from bringing fresh proceedings or claiming the same relief in fresh proceedings. (2) Despite subsection (1), if, following a determination on the merits in any proceedings, the court ©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

77

Civil Procedure Act 2005 s 91

[CPA 91.20]

dismisses the proceedings, or any claim for relief in the proceedings, the plaintiff is not entitled to claim any relief in respect of the same cause of action in any subsequent proceedings commenced in that or any other court.

SECTION 91 COMMENTARY [CPA 91.20]

Effect of dismissal of proceedings

This section is based on SCR Pt 40 r 8. The section allows a plaintiff to bring fresh proceedings where the proceedings have been dismissed other than after a hearing on the merits (ie where the proceedings have been dismissed for want of prosecution or for a failure to comply with the rules). The principal concern for the plaintiff will be to ensure that the limitation period has not expired since the original proceedings were filed. If original proceedings are dismissed for failure to comply with orders then subsequent proceedings are liable to be struck out as an abuse of process unless the plaintiff can provide an adequate explanation for the prior default: Andrew v Baradom Holdings Pty Ltd (in liq) (1995) 36 NSWLR 700. 92

Judgments for possession of land

(cf Act No 52 1970, sections 92 and 96(3))

Judgment for possession of land takes the place of, and, subject to the uniform rules, has the same effect as, a judgment for the claimant in ejectment given under the practice of the Supreme Court as it was immediately before 1 July 1972. Note: 1 July 1972 was the date of commencement of the Supreme Court Act 1970.

SECTION 92 COMMENTARY [CPA 92.20]

Judgments for possession of land

This section carries forward SCA s 92 and clarifies that the types of judgment which were, before the Supreme Court Act 1970, referred to as judgments for ejectment are now dealt with as judgments for the possession of land. 93

Judgments for detention of goods

(cf Act No 52 1970, section 93; Act No 9 1973, section 83; Act No 11 1970, section 28A)

(1) In proceedings for the detention of goods, the court may (whether or not their value has yet been assessed) give judgment: (a) for their delivery to the plaintiff, or (b) for payment to the plaintiff of an amount equivalent to their assessed value, or (c) for their delivery to the plaintiff or for payment to the plaintiff of their assessed value, at the defendant’s option, and, in addition to any judgment referred to in paragraph (a), (b) or (c), may also give judgment for payment to the plaintiff of damages for their detention. (2) The court may, in an order for delivery of goods or in a subsequent order, specify the date by which delivery of the goods must be effected. (3) If judgment has been given as referred to in subsection (1)(a), but the goods are subsequently damaged, destroyed or otherwise rendered unavailable for delivery, the court may, on application by the plaintiff, make an order for the payment to the plaintiff of an amount equivalent to their assessed value, as referred to in subsection (1)(b). (4) If judgment has been given as referred to in subsection (1)(c) and the plaintiff subsequently applies for an order under this subsection, the court may make an order for the delivery of the goods to the plaintiff without the option for any payment of the kind referred to in subsection (1)(b). 78

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

Part 7 – Judgments and orders Division 1 – Judgments and orders generally

[CPA 93.80]

s 94

(5) In this section, the assessed value of goods is their value as assessed by, or in accordance with the directions of, the court.

Judgment for detention of goods ........................................................................................................... Specific restitution .................................................................................................................................. Damages for conversion ........................................................................................................................ Related rules ..........................................................................................................................................

[CPA 93.20]

[CPA 93.20] [CPA 93.40] [CPA 93.60] [CPA 93.80]

Judgment for detention of goods

This section derives from the following provisions: SCA s 93, DCA s 83 and Local Courts (Civil Claims) Act 1970 s 28A. This section gives the court powers to give judgment for the detention of goods including for their delivery or payment of their value. If a judgment is given for the delivery of goods and the goods are subsequently unavailable or destroyed the court may make further orders for the payment of the value of the goods. The court may also award damages for the detention of the goods and specify a date for the delivery of goods. A judgment for delivery of goods can be enforced by a writ of delivery: s 105. [CPA 93.40]

Specific restitution

This section gives the court a discretion to order specific restitution of goods. The exercise of that discretion will be appropriate where the chattel has special value or attributes and where the awarding of damages would not be an adequate remedy: Aristoc Industries Pty Ltd v RA Wenham (Builders) Pty Ltd [1965] NSWR 581 587-590; Doulton Potteries Ltd v Bronotte [1971] 1 NSWLR 591; GE Capital Asset Services & Trading Asia Pacific Pty Ltd v Rocks Excavations & Plant Hire Pty Ltd (2003) 11 BPR 21253; [2003] NSWSC 99. But not where it might be unjust to do so or where to do so might give the plaintiff some benefit more than they were entitled or deserved or where there has been unreasonable delay: McKeown v Cavalier Yachts Pty Ltd (1988) 13 NSWLR 303. [CPA 93.60]

Damages for conversion

The appropriate damages in conversion are the value of the goods at the date of conversion. The measure of those damages where there is a market in the goods is the price at which replacement goods can be bought in that market; only where it is established that there is no such market can the plaintiff go to some other method of establishing value, for example, the price at which a manufacturer would manufacture and supply replacement goods: J & E Hall Ltd v Barclay [1937] 3 All ER 620; Gaba Formwork Contractors Pty Ltd v Turner Corp Ltd (1991) 32 NSWLR 175. [CPA 93.80]

Related rules

Applications for default judgment: UCPR r 16.5. Assessment of value of goods: UCPR rr 30.1, 30.2. 94

Failure to comply with order to execute instrument

(cf Act No 52 1970, section 100)

(1) If any person does not comply with a judgment or order directing the person: (a) to execute any conveyance, contract or other document, or (b) to endorse any negotiable instrument, the court may order that the conveyance, contract or other document be executed, or the negotiable instrument endorsed, by such person as the court may nominate for that purpose. (2) A conveyance, contract, document or instrument that is executed or endorsed pursuant to an order under subsection (1) operates, and is for all purposes available, as if it had been executed or endorsed by the person originally directed to execute or endorse it.

©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

79

Civil Procedure Leg

SECTION 93 COMMENTARY

Civil Procedure Act 2005 s 95

[CPA 94.20]

SECTION 94 COMMENTARY Failure to comply with order to execute instrument .............................................................................. [CPA 94.20] Related Rules ........................................................................................................................................ [CPA 94.40]

[CPA 94.20]

Failure to comply with order to execute instrument

This section derives from, and is to the same effect as SCA s 100. The usual person nominated is the registrar. [CPA 94.40]

Related Rules

Substituted performance: UCPR r 40.8. 95

Joint liability

(cf Act No 52 1970, section 97)

(1) If two or more persons have a joint liability and, in any proceedings, judgment on the liability is given against one or more but not all of them: (a) the liability of the other or others of them is not discharged by the judgment or by any step taken for the enforcement of the judgment, and (b) after the judgment takes effect, those of them against whom the judgment is given and the other or others of them become liable, as between those of them against whom the judgment is given on the one hand and the other or the others of them on the other hand, severally but not jointly, and (c) if there are two or more such persons against whom the judgment is not given, they remain, after the judgment takes effect, jointly liable amongst themselves, and (d) if the judgment is satisfied wholly or in part by payment or by recovery under execution, the liability of the persons against whom the judgment is not given is taken also to have been satisfied in the amount of the payment or recovery. (2) This section does not affect a person’s right to contribution or indemnity in respect of the person’s satisfaction, wholly or in part, of a liability that the person has (whether jointly or severally or jointly and severally) with any other person. (3) This section does not apply to a judgment to which section 5(1)(a) of the Law Reform (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 1946 applies. (4) In this section, liability includes liability in contract, liability in tort and liability under a statute.

SECTION 95 COMMENTARY [CPA 95.20]

Joint liability

This section is based on and is to the same effect as SCA s 97. At common law, a judgment entered against one defendant who was jointly, as opposed to alternatively, liable to the plaintiff prevented judgment being entered against another person for the same breach: Kendall v Hamilton (1879) 4 App Cas 504. This section provides that the entry of judgment against one person who is jointly liable to the plaintiff does not discharge other persons who are jointly liable to the plaintiff, nor are they discharged by the plaintiff taking steps to enforce the judgment. The plaintiff cannot however recover more than the amount of the judgment. Full payment by one person will prevent recovery from other defendants: Ruffıno v Grace Bros Pty Ltd [1980] 1 NSWLR 732. Where two defendants are sued on a claim on which the plaintiff has a right of action alternatively but not jointly, a judgment against one of them is equivalent to an election to sue that one, and a bar to further proceedings against the other: D’Angola v Rio Pioneer Gravel Co Pty Ltd [1979] 1 NSWLR 495. If different defendants are found liable pursuant to different agreements or contracts, for instance where a guarantee is provided in relation to a mortgage or lease, then judgment should be entered against the defendants severally rather than jointly based on the agreement under which the liability arose. If this is not

80

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

Part 7 – Judgments and orders Division 1 – Judgments and orders generally

[CPA 96.20]

s 97

done there may be problems when taking bankruptcy or winding-up proceedings to enforce the judgment: Re Neate; Ex parte Pegasus Leasing Ltd [1996] FCA 1206; Lucas v Montgomery (2008) 7 DCLR(NSW) 295; [2008] NSWDC 207. 96

Set-off of judgments

(cf DCR Part 31, rule 23; Act No 11 1970, section 64)

Civil Procedure Leg

(1) This section applies if, in relation to any two or more judgments of the same court, the judgment creditor and judgment debtor under one or more of the judgments are the judgment debtor and judgment creditor, respectively, under the other judgments. (2) The judgment debtor under any such judgment (the first judgment) may apply to the court for an order that the judgment be set off against any other such judgment (the second judgment) in respect of which he or she is the judgment creditor. (3) An order under this section has the following effect: (a) if the amount of the first judgment is less than the amount of the second judgment, the first judgment is taken to have been satisfied and the amount of the second judgment is taken to have been reduced by the amount of the first judgment, (b) if the amount of the first judgment is equal to the amount of the second judgment, both judgments are taken to have been satisfied, (c) if the amount of the first judgment is greater than the amount of the second judgment, the second judgment is taken to have been satisfied and the amount of the first judgment is taken to have been reduced by the amount of the second judgment. (4) [Repealed] Subs (4) rep Act 94 of 2007, s 3 and Sch 1.12[3]

(5) This section does not apply to judgments of the Supreme Court. S 96 am Act 94 of 2007

SECTION 96 COMMENTARY [CPA 96.20]

Set-off of judgments in different proceedings

This section is based on Local Courts (Civil Claims) Act 1970 s 64 and DCR Pt 31 r 23, which provided that judgments in different proceedings in those courts could be set-off against each other. There was no equivalent provision in the SCA or SCR, and this section provides expressly that it does not apply to the Supreme Court. The section does not specifically refer to the judgments being set-off as being in separate proceedings, so separate judgments in the same proceedings (on cross-claims) could be set-off under this section, however s 90(2)(a), which does apply in the Supreme Court, provides that the court may give judgment for the balance of the money on respective claims in a case. Section 90(2)(b) provides that within the one case the court may give separate judgments in relation to respective claims. This will be relatively rare and would normally only happen if there has been a separate hearing of a cross-claim; in these circumstances an application pursuant to this section might be appropriate. 97

Arrest warrants

(cf SCR Part 42, rule 7)

(1) Subject to rules of court: (a)

©

if, by subpoena or otherwise, the court makes an order, whether under this Act or any other law: (i) for a person to attend court for any purpose, or (ii) for a person to produce any document or thing to the court, and

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

81

Civil Procedure Act 2005 s 97

[CPA 97.20]

(b) the person fails to comply with the order, the court may issue, or make an order for the issue of, a warrant for the person’s arrest. Subs (1) am Act 56 of 2006, s 3 and Sch 1[4]

(2) Subject to rules of court, an arrest warrant may be issued without notice to the person. (3) The court from which an arrest warrant has been issued may revoke the warrant. (4) An arrest warrant is sufficient authority for any person to whom it is addressed, with the assistance of such police officers as may be necessary, to arrest the person named in the warrant, to convey the person to the place specified in the warrant and to deliver the person into the custody of the court sitting at that place. S 97 am Act 56 of 2006

SECTION 97 COMMENTARY [CPA 97.20]

Arrest warrants

This section empowers a court to issue an arrest warrant against any person who fails to comply with an order of the court, including a subpoena, for that person’s attendance at court or for production to the court by that person of any document or thing. It is based on SCR Pt 42 r 7. See the following rules: UCPR r 36.9, an arrest warrant issued by order of the court must be signed by a judicial officer or by a registrar; r 38.6, re an arrest warrant in respect of a person who fails to attend in examination in aid of enforcement – may not be issued earlier than 14 days, nor later than three months, after service of notice that failure to attend for examination may result in the person’s arrest. A notice of motion to issue an arrest warrant need not be served on the person to be arrested. This section now also clearly applies (after an amendment in 2006) to a failure to comply with an order to produce or attend under other legislation such as the Corporations Act 2001 (Cth) ss 596A and 597. The approved form for an arrest warrant is Form 58.

DIVISION 2 – COSTS IN PROCEEDINGS Commentary by Mark Walsh SC

DIVISION 2 COMMENTARY General comments on Division 2 ................................................................................................. [CPA Pt7.Div2.20] The indemnity rule ........................................................................................................................ [CPA Pt7.Div2.40] CPA Pt 6 relevant to court’s exercise of powers pursuant to CPA Pt 7 Div 2 ............................ [CPA Pt7.Div2.60] References ............................................................................................................................... [CPA Pt7.Div2.1000]

[CPA Pt7.Div2.20]

General comments on Division 2

In courts of equity there has long existed the power to order a defeated party to pay costs, at the court’s discretion. The jurisdiction was inherent and not derived from statute. However, common law courts had no jurisdiction to award costs. The jurisdiction at common law is statutory and has evolved gradually: Oshlack v Richmond River Council (1998) 193 CLR 72; 72 ALJR 578; 152 ALR 83; [1998] HCA 11 at [63]. The Judicature Acts attempted to provide harmony to the differing approaches to practice and procedure between courts of equity and common law, including as to orders for costs. Exceptions remain, such as the exercise of the protective jurisdiction in which the proceedings have been described as non-adversarial in nature. The Supreme Court in its inherent jurisdiction may supervise its legal practitioners and make such orders as to costs in proceedings as the nature of the case requires, ie since 1823 pursuant to Act 4 George IV c.96 and the Third Charter of Justice for New South Wales. CPA s 5 states that nothing in the CPA nor the uniform rules limits the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court. Additionally, that provision states that nothing in the uniform rules extends the jurisdiction of any court except to the extent to which this CPA expressly so provides. 82

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

Part 7 – Judgments and orders Division 2 – Costs in proceedings

[CPA Pt7.Div2.1000]

s 97

The District Court and the Local Court, being courts of statutorily prescribed jurisdiction, have no inherent jurisdiction to exercise disciplinary powers in respect of parties’ legal representatives in civil proceedings, such as to make personal costs orders against a legal practitioner, see Knaggs v J A Westaway & Sons Pty Ltd (1996) 40 NSWLR 476 at 485C.

CPA s 3 provides definitions, including as to the following terms: (a) civil proceedings mean any proceedings other than criminal proceedings; and (b) costs, in relation to proceedings, means costs payable in or in relation to proceedings, and includes fees, disbursements, expenses and remuneration. The commentary to CPA ss 98 and 99 identifies aspects, the operation and the extent of the power conferred upon courts for the exercise of the jurisdiction conferred by CPA Pt 7 Div 2. [CPA Pt7.Div2.40]

The indemnity rule

Costs orders in proceedings before a court are founded upon the principle that a successful party ought be compensated or indemnified by the unsuccessful party for the expense of having been required to pursue or defend their rights in court proceedings. The authorities refer to that principle as “the indemnity rule”. Thus orders for the payment of costs are often referred to as compensatory, not punitive. See Latoudis v Casey (1990) 170 CLR 534; 50 A Crim R 287; 7 ALR 45; 65 ALJR 151; [1990] HCA 59 at 566-567, Oshlack v Richmond River Council (1998) 193 CLR 72; 72 ALJR 578; 152 ALR 83; [1998] HCA 11 at 97 (CLR). The indemnity rule is subject to a court’s general power pursuant to the statute to determine by whom, to whom and to what extent costs are to be paid and the requirement for a court to consider the circumstances of the individual case. Thus, the general rule stated in UCPR r 42.1 that costs follow the event is qualified by the words “unless it appears to the court that some order should be made as to the whole or any part of the costs”. [CPA Pt7.Div2.60]

CPA Pt6 relevant to court’s exercise of powers pursuant to CPA Pt7 Div2

The power for a court to exercise its discretion to make costs orders pursuant to CPA ss 98, 99 must be exercised having regard to the mandates of CPA Pt 6. These include CPA ss 56 to 60 as to the overriding purpose of the Act, the dictates of justice and the elimination of delay, see Boral Resources (NSW) Pty Ltd v Gangi [2014] NSWCA 287 at [113]. CPA s 60 mandates that the practice and procedure of the court should be implemented with the object of resolving the issues between the parties in such a way that the cost to the parties is proportionate to the importance and complexity of the subject-matter in dispute. Proportionality of costs to the value of the result has been described as central to the just and efficient conduct of civil proceedings. Furthermore, its use should be early in case management “whenever it appears that the parties’ fervour may be leading them to excessive expenditure of costs”, see Re Sherbourne Estate (No 2) (2005) 65 NSWLR 268; [2005] NSWSC 1003 at [30] (NSWLR). [CPA Pt7.Div2.1000]

References

See CPA Pt 6 and commentary. Latoudis v Casey (1990) 170 CLR 534; 50 A Crim R 287; 7 ALR 45; 65 ALJR 151; [1990] HCA 59 at 566-567 Oshlack v Richmond River Council (1998) 193 CLR 72; 72 ALJR 578; 152 ALR 83; [1998] HCA 11 at 97 Foots v Southern Cross Mine Management Pty Ltd (2007) 234 CLR 52; 82 ALJR 173; 241 ALR 32; [2007] HCA 56 Boral Resources (NSW) Pty Ltd v Gangi [2014] NSWCA 287 Lemoto v Able Technical Pty Ltd (2005) 63 NSWLR 300; [2005] NSWCA 153 Hamod v New South Wales [2011] NSWCA 375 Newell; Muriniti v De Costi (2018) 97 NSWLR 398; [2018] NSWCA 49 G E Dal Pont, Law of Costs (4th edition, LexisNexis Butterworths, 2018) Mark Brabazon SC, “Proportionality of legal costs”, Law Society Journal, February 2006, pp 68–69. ©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

83

Civil Procedure Leg

By operation of CPA s 4, CPA Pt 7 Div 2 confers statutory powers on each court referred to in CPA Sch 1, including as to costs in the civil proceedings identified in that schedule.

Civil Procedure Act 2005 s 98

98

[CPA 98.20]

Courts powers as to costs

(cf Act No 52 1970, section 76; SCR Part 52A, rules 5, 6, 7 and 8; Act No 9 1973, section 148B; Act No 11 1970, section 34)

(1) Subject to rules of court and to this or any other Act: (a) costs are in the discretion of the court, and (b) the court has full power to determine by whom, to whom and to what extent costs are to be paid, and (c) the court may order that costs are to be awarded on the ordinary basis or on an indemnity basis. (2) Subject to rules of court and to this or any other Act, a party to proceedings may not recover costs from any other party otherwise than pursuant to an order of the court. (3) An order as to costs may be made by the court at any stage of the proceedings or after the conclusion of the proceedings. (4) In particular, at any time before costs are referred for assessment, the court may make an order to the effect that the party to whom costs are to be paid is to be entitled to: (a) costs up to, or from, a specified stage of the proceedings, or (b) a specified proportion of the assessed costs, or (c) a specified gross sum instead of assessed costs, or (d) such proportion of the assessed costs as does not exceed a specified amount. (5) The powers of the court under this section apply in relation to a married woman, whether as party, tutor, relator or otherwise, and this section has effect in addition to, and despite anything in, the Married Persons (Equality of Status) Act 1996. (6) In (a) (b) (c)

this section, costs include: the costs of the administration of any estate or trust, and in the case of an appeal to the court, the costs of the proceedings giving rise to the appeal, and in the case of proceedings transferred or removed into the court, the costs of the proceedings before they were transferred or removed.

SECTION 98 COMMENTARY Courts powers as to costs ..................................................................................................................... [CPA 98.20] Usual order as to costs .......................................................................................................................... [CPA 98.30] Departing from the “usual order as to costs” ........................................................................................ [CPA 98.40] Public interest litigation costs orders ..................................................................................................... [CPA 98.80] The approach to costs in protective cases .......................................................................................... [CPA 98.100] Basis of assessment of costs .............................................................................................................. [CPA 98.120] Costs orders against non-parties ......................................................................................................... [CPA 98.140] Costs orders in favour of non-parties .................................................................................................. [CPA 98.160] Specified gross sum costs and costs not exceeding a specified amount .......................................... [CPA 98.180] Courts not to assess costs .................................................................................................................. [CPA 98.200] References ......................................................................................................................................... [CPA 98.1000]

[CPA 98.20]

Courts powers as to costs

At common law, courts had no jurisdiction to award costs. The jurisdiction is statutory: Oshlack v Richmond River Council (1998) 193 CLR 72; 72 ALJR 578; 152 ALR 83; [1998] HCA 11 at [63]. Section 98(1) confers on a court a discretionary power to determine by whom, to whom, and to what extent costs are to be paid, including the basis on which costs are to be awarded, that is, whether on an ordinary basis, or on an indemnity basis. The discretion conferred by CPA s 98 is unconfined, except that it is to be exercised judicially, that is to say, not arbitrarily or capriciously, and not upon reasons that are extraneous to the objects of the legislation: 84

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

Part 7 – Judgments and orders Division 2 – Costs in proceedings

[CPA 98.40]

s 98

Oshlack at [22]. The discretion is not to be exercised “according to private opinion or even benevolence or sympathy”: Williams v Lewer [1974] 2 NSWLR 91 at 95C. The exercise of the discretion as to costs must now be considered in the context of the provisions made in CPA ss 56 - 60, in particular, the overriding purpose stated in s 56: Boral Resources (NSW) Pty Ltd v Gangi [2014] NSWCA 287 at [113]. [CPA 98.30]

Usual order as to costs

The relevant rule is UCPR r 42.1, which states that “if the court makes any order as to costs, the court is to order that the costs follow the event unless it appears to the court that some other order should be made as to the whole or any part of the costs”. For commentary as to the meaning of “the event”, or where parties resolve their differences without a hearing on the merits see the commentary at [r 42.1.50]. The expression the “usual order as to costs” embodies the important principle that, subject to certain limited exceptions, a successful party in litigation is entitled to an award of costs in its favour: Oshlack at [67]. The principle is grounded in reasons of fairness and policy. As between the parties, fairness dictates that the unsuccessful party typically bears the liability for the costs of the unsuccessful litigation: Oshlack at [67]. Costs are not awarded to punish an unsuccessful party. The primary purpose of an award of costs is to indemnify or compensate the successful party: Oshlack at [67]; Ohn v Walton (1995) 36 NSWLR 77 at 79D-F; Allplastics Engineering Pty Ltd v Dornoch Ltd [2006] NSWCA 33 at [34]. The principle stated in Oshlack was made in regard to concluded litigation, however it remains valid for all costs orders, see Dr Bronte Douglass v Lawton Pty Ltd (No 2) [2007] NSWCA 90 at [22]. However, in a case involving some delinquency on the part of the unsuccessful party, an order may be made for costs on an indemnity basis, with the result being to more fully or adequately to compensate the successful party to the disadvantage of what otherwise would have been the position of the unsuccessful party in the absence of such delinquency on its part: Oshlack at [44]; Seller v Jones [2014] NSWCA 19 at [58]. See also Latoudis v Casey (1990) 170 CLR 534; 50 A Crim R 287; 7 ALR 45; 65 ALJR 151; [1990] HCA 59 at 567. For a discussion on indemnity costs see the commentary to UCPR r 42.5 [r 42.5.30] – [r 42.5.40]. [CPA 98.40]

Departing from the “usual order as to costs”

There is no automatic rule that costs always follow the event: Oshlack at [40]–[41]; Foots v Southern Cross Mine Management Pty Ltd (2007) 234 CLR 52; 82 ALJR 173; 241 ALR 32; [2007] HCA 56. A successful party may be denied some part or all of its costs. Or an unsuccessful party may be awarded costs, though exceptional circumstances must exist before a successful party is deprived of costs and required to pay an unsuccessful opponent’s costs: Arian v Nguyen (2001) 33 MVR 37; [2001] NSWCA 5 at [37]. Whether an order contrary to the general rule that costs follow the event should be made depends on the circumstances of the case viewed against the wide discretionary powers of the court, which powers should be liberally construed: State of New South Wales v Stanley [2007] NSWCA 330 at [18]: Elite Protective Personnel Pty Ltd v Salmon (No 2) [2007] NSWCA 373 at [8]. Misconduct or some sort of impropriety on the part of the successful party is a basis for departure from the usual rule: Anglo Cyprian Trade Agencies v Paphos Wine Industries [1951] 1 All ER 873 at 874; Oshlack at [69]; Tomanovic v Global Mortgage Equity Corporation Pty Ltd (No 2) [2011] NSWCA 256 at [97]–[98]. The conduct may relate directly to the litigation or to the circumstances leading up to the litigation: Oshlack at [69]. There are very few, if any, exceptions to the usual order as to costs outside the area of disentitling conduct: Oshlack at [70]. It is for the losing party to establish a basis for departure from the usual rule: Waterman v Gerling Insurance Co Pty Ltd (No 2) [2005] NSWSC 1111 at [10]. Examples of departure from the usual rule include: (a) where the matters upon which the ultimately successful party is unsuccessful took up a significant part of the trial, either by way of evidence or argument: Sabah Yazgi v Permanent Custodians Ltd (No 2) [2007] NSWCA 306 at [24]; costs may be awarded in respect of such matter where it is based on a “clearly definable and severable issue” on which the otherwise successful party failed: ©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

85

Civil Procedure Leg

Section 98(1) is stated to be subject to the rules of court, the CPA and any other Act.

Civil Procedure Act 2005 s 98

[CPA 98.40]

(b)

(c) (d)

(e)

(f)

Waterman v Gerling Insurance Co Pty Ltd (No 2) [2005] NSWSC 1111 at [10]; Macquarie International Health Clinic Pty Ltd v Sydney South West Area Health Service (No 2) [2011] NSWCA 171 at [22]; where a late amendment substantially alters the case to be met and without which the party will have failed: Beoco Ltd v Alfa Laval Co Ltd [1995] QB 137: [1994] 3 WLR 1179: [1994] 4 All ER 464 at 154; Leading Edge Events Australia Pty Ltd v Kiri Te Kanawa (No 2) [2007] NSWSC 568 at [13]; where there is serious dishonesty by the successful party in the conduct of the trial: Arian v Nguyen (2001) 33 MVR 37; [2001] NSWCA 5; Maestrale v Aspite [2014] NSWCA 182 at [81]–[84]; where an unsuccessful party is the “true victor”: Waterman v Gerling Insurance Co Pty Ltd (No 2) [2005] NSWSC 1111 at [13]; or such as where a plaintiff has only obtained nominal damages: Oshlack at [70]; where an appellant succeeds on a point not argued before a lower court: Armstrong v Boulton [1990] VR 215 at 223; Adrenaline Pty Ltd v Bathurst Regional Council (2015) 322 ALR 180; [2015] NSWCA 123 at [89]; where the successful party recovers no more than an offer of compromise or no more than the offer in a Calderbank letter: see the fuller discussion see the commentary to UCPR rr 42.13, 42.14 and 42.15.

[CPA 98.80]

Public interest litigation costs orders

Since the decision in Oshlack at the latest, the fact that litigation can properly be classed as “public interest litigation” may be a proper reason for making no order for costs, see Hastings Point Progress Association Inc v Tweed Shire Council (No 3) [2010] NSWCA 39 at [24]. However, something more than the fact that there is an element of “public interest”, given that fact is established, will be required to displace the usual order as to costs, see Minister for Planning v Walker (No 2) [2008] NSWCA 334 per Hodgson JA at [9]; Hastings Point (No 3) at [27]. In Botany Bay City Council v Minister for Local Government (No 2) [2016] NSWCA 127 at [21] the court accepted that in an appropriate case the pursuit of proceedings through the appellate hierarchy may sufficiently be in the public interest as to warrant a costs order other than that costs follow the event. However, the court also has stated that considerations associated with the bringing of proceedings in the public interest may weigh less heavily in appeal proceedings than in first instance proceedings, see Kindimindi Investments Pty Ltd v Lane Cove Council [2007] NSWCA 38; 150 LGERA 333 at [52]. See further UCPR r 42.1.300. [CPA 98.100] The approach to costs in protective cases The protective jurisdiction of the Court exists for the protection of the person, and property, of a person who, incapable of managing his or her affairs, is in need of protection. The exercise of the protective jurisdiction and the orders as to what is to be done, or not done, is guided by what is for the benefit, and in the interests, of the person in need of protection, see Re W and L (Parameters of Protected Estate Management Orders) (2014) 94 NSWLR 300; NSWSC 1106 at [4]–[5]. In the exercise of the Supreme Court’s protective jurisdiction, because of the purposive nature of the jurisdiction and accumulated experience, the court’s approach to questions of costs is that it is generally necessary, and appropriate, to ask “What, in all circumstances, seems the proper order to make in relation to costs?”. In CAC v Department of Family and Community Services (No 2) [2015] NSWSC 344 per Lindsay J at [15]–[16] the court stated that due recognition to the following factors, amongst others, was required to address that question: 1. The protective jurisdiction of the court is generally governed by the “welfare principle” (that the welfare and interests of each person in need of protection, here the plaintiff’s children, are the paramount consideration) and an associated concern to ensure that whatever is done, or not done, is done in the interests, and for the benefit, of the particular person in need of protection. 2. The court needs to be alive to the possibility that private individuals who would otherwise be concerned to act to protect a person in need of protection might be deterred from acting if bound to submit to a costs order on an unsuccessful application made by them to the court, even though reasonably made: CCR v PS (No 2) (1986) 6 NSWLR 622 at 640F. Cf, Wilson v Department of Human Services (No 2) [2011] NSWSC 545 at [95]–[108]. 86

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

Part 7 – Judgments and orders Division 2 – Costs in proceedings

[CPA 98.140]

s 98

3. Taking into account the best interests of children the subject of proceedings, the court needs to hasten slowly in burdening a parent with an obligation to pay costs, particularly in circumstances in which a final outcome for the children in Children’s Court proceedings remains undetermined: Re Kerry (No 2) [2012] NSWCA 194 at [12] and [17]–[18]. 4. Proceedings relating to the welfare of children, or any other person in need of protection, are not adversarial in the sense encountered in ordinary civil litigation but, rather, are attended by a strong, special public interest element.

[CPA 98.120]

Basis of assessment of costs

Unless the court otherwise orders, costs payable under an order of a court are to be assessed on the ordinary basis, UCPR r 42.2. Costs assessed on the “ordinary basis” (formerly known as a “party and party” basis) are assessed in accordance with Div 3 of Pt 7 of the Legal Profession Uniform Law Application Act 2014: CPA s 3(1). Indemnity costs are “all costs (other than those that appear to have been unreasonably incurred or appear to be of an unreasonable amount) are to be allowed”: UCPR r 42.5. The gap between costs assessed on an ordinary basis, and solicitor and (own) client costs will not be recoverable on assessment, and must still be paid by the party in whose favour a costs order was made. [CPA 98.140]

Costs orders against non-parties

The terms of CPA s 98 are sufficient to confer on the court a general power to make orders against non parties, see Heath v Greenacre Business Park Pty Ltd [2016] NSWCA 34 at [33]. In Knight v FP Special Assets Ltd (1992) 174 CLR 178 ; 66 ALJR 560; 107 ALR 585; [1992] HCA 28 at 192-193; 202 and 205, the High Court held that a rule of the Queensland Supreme Court Rules permitting costs to be in the discretion of the court was wide enough to allow an order to be made against a non-party. In FPM Constructions v Council of the City of Blue Mountains [2005] NSWCA 340 at [204]–[205] Basten JA (Beazley JA, and on this point Giles JA concurring) said that the principle in , could be seen as stated by Dawson J, who referred to the jurisdiction to award costs in appropriate cases against a person who is not a party to the proceedings where that person is the effective litigant standing behind an actual party or where there has been a contempt or abuse of the process of the court. A non-party costs order is exceptional relief, although some categories of factual situations are now recognised as within the discretion, for example, the situation described by Mason CJ and Deane J in at 192–193, that being where a receiver has played an active role in litigation: Kebaro Pty Ltd v Saunders [2003] FCAFC 5 at [103]; see also Yu v Cao [2015] NSWCA 276 at [136]–[151]. In FPM Constructions, Basten JA at [210] said that a survey of the cases in which orders have been made against non-parties show that they tend to satisfy at least some, if not a majority, of the following criteria: (a) the unsuccessful party to the proceedings was the moving party and not the defendant; (b) the source of funds for the litigation was the non-party or its principal; (c) the conduct of the litigation was unreasonable or improper; (d) the non-party, or its principal, had an interest (not necessarily financial) which was equal to, or greater than, that of the party or, if financial, was a substantial interest, and (e) the unsuccessful party was insolvent or could otherwise be described as a person of straw. These criteria identified by Basten JA were not intended to be and cannot be exhaustive and other factors may bear on the exercise of the discretionary power in a particular case: May v Christodoulou (2011) 80 NSWLR 462; [2011] NSWCA 75 at [111]. A non-party may source the funds for the litigation. But the mere funding of litigation on its own, will not permit the ordering of costs against the funder unless the principles of abuse of process are engaged: Jeffrey & Katauskas Pty Ltd v SST Consulting Pty Ltd (2009) 239 CLR 75; [2009] HCA 43 at [43]. Examples of non-party costs orders being made: (a) JJES Pty Ltd v Sayan (No 2) [2014] NSWSC 975 at [28] (non-party costs orders made against sole director and shareholder of the plaintiff company); (b) VMA Companies LLC trading as Corbis Global v Ridley Capital Holdings Pty Ltd (in liq) [2016] NSWSC 1567 (non-party had direct interest in outcome of proceedings as a creditor of the defendant ©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

87

Civil Procedure Leg

See also Re K’s Statutory Will (2018) 96 NSWLR 69 at [11]–[18], [44]–[46].

Civil Procedure Act 2005 s 98

[CPA 98.140] company, which was only able to maintain defence and cross-claim because of non-party’s contributions, non-party should pay the costs of plaintiff of the proceedings); and (c) Maylord Equity Management Pty Ltd v Nauer (No 2) [2017] NSWSC 1467 at [49]–[57] (non-party moving force behind proceedings).

The Supreme Court, as a superior court, also has inherent jurisdiction, expressly preserved by CPA s 5(1), to order costs against officers of the court, ie legal practitioners; see the commentary at [CPA 99.20] below. The other courts only have those powers conferred by CPA s 99. [CPA 98.160]

Costs orders in favour of non-parties

Some very special factor outside the ordinary and expected course of events and engendering a justifiable expectation of compensation in the mind of the non-party would have to be found before costs might be regarded as appropriate in favour of a non-party. Such an award, if ever appropriate, will be extraordinary and exceptional: Pan Pharmaceuticals Ltd - Selim v McGrath - Costs (2004) 48 ACSR 681; [2004] NSWSC 129 at [20]; Re Boart Longyear Ltd (No 3) [2017] NSWSC 1227 at [4]. Those cases considered r 2.13, Supreme Court (Corporations) Rules 1999 which allows the court to grant leave to a creditor, contributory or officer of a corporation to be heard in a proceeding without becoming a party to the proceeding. The effect of that rule is that a person who is granted leave to be heard without becoming a party chooses a course that involves a limited costs exposure to it: Pan Pharmaceuticals Ltd at [20]. [CPA 98.180]

Specified gross sum costs and costs not exceeding a specified amount

CPA s 98(4)(c) permits the court, at any time before costs are referred for assessment to make an order to the effect that the party to whom costs are to be paid is entitled to a specified gross sum instead of assessed costs. CPA s 98(4)(d) permits the court to make such order in respect of a proportion of assessed costs as does not exceed a specified amount. In Bechara (t/as Bechara and Company) v Bates [2016] NSWCA 294 at [12]–[15] the court stated the following considerations in deciding whether to make a gross lump-sum costs order pursuant to CPA s 98(4)(c). First, that the power to award a lump-sum should only be exercised when the court considers that it can do so fairly between the parties, and where an appropriate sum can be determined from the available materials. Secondly, whether a party’s conduct has unnecessarily contributed to the costs of the proceedings, especially where the costs incurred have been disproportionate to the result of the proceedings. Thirdly, that a “broad brush” approach is appropriate, as to require the same or similar level of detail as in a formal costs assessment would defeat the purpose of the lump sum order. Fourthly, that the courts have typically applied a discount in assessing costs on a gross sum basis. Those, and the following other factors, which merit consideration by a court in order to make a gross sum costs order, such as the relative responsibility of the parties for the costs incurred, the complexity of proceedings in relation to their cost, and the capacity of the unsuccessful party to satisfy any costs liability are identified in the court’s decisions in Harrison v Schipp (2002) 54 NSWLR 738; [2002] NSWCA 213 per Giles JA at [21]–[22]. In Hamod v New South Wales [2011] NSWCA 375 at [819]; Zepinic v Chateau Constructions (Aust) Ltd (No 2) [2014] NSWCA 99 at [28]. These factors arise from the terms of CPA s 98(4) as well as the more general considerations reflected in the CPA ss 56(1), 57(1)(d) and 60: Hamod v New South Wales [2011] NSWCA 375 at [816]. In particular, CPA s 60 states that costs should be proportionate to the importance and complexity of the subject-matter in dispute. Probable inability to pay a costs order will usually provide a proper basis for the making of a CPA s 98(4)(c) order: Maylord Equity Management Pty Ltd v Nauer (No 2) [2017] NSWSC 1467 at [61]; Dickens v New South Wales (No 2) [2018] NSWSC 14. The purpose of a gross sum costs order is to avoid the expense, delay and aggravation arising out of costs assessment: Beach Petroleum NL v Johnson (No 2) (1995) 57 FCR 119; [1995] FCA 1250 at [6]. While a “broader brush” approach can be adopted, because the discretion is one which must be exercised judicially, the court must arrive at a figure that it is confident does justice between the parties, even though the full assessment process has not been undertaken: Penson v Titan National Pty Ltd (No 3) [2015] NSWCA 121 at [7]. A lump sum costs order should only be made when the Court has sufficient confidence to arrive at an appropriate sum on the materials available: Colquhoun v District Court (NSW) (No 2) [2015] NSWCA 54 at [6]. 88

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

Part 7 – Judgments and orders Division 2 – Costs in proceedings

[CPA 98.1000]

s 99

Most applications for gross sum costs orders are supported by an opinion of an expert unconnected with the proceedings, as to the likely outcome on assessment or taxation: Tim Barr Pty Ltd v Narui Gold Coast Pty Ltd [2011] NSWSC 11 at [26] (necessary evidence to support application for gross sum costs order); SAB Closed 1 Pty Ltd v Bees & Honey Pty Ltd [2015] NSWSC 1162 at [10] (gross sum costs order refused).

[CPA 98.200]

Courts not to assess costs

In Herbert v Tamworth City Council (No 4) (2004) 60 NSWLR 476; [2004] NSWSC 394 at 481 [32] (NSWLR), the plaintiff sought an order or a “recommendation” that the plaintiff’s costs include the cost of briefing two counsel, including senior counsel. The order was declined on the basis that it was not appropriate for the Court to decide questions which under the legislative scheme for costs assessment are to be decided by a costs assessor: at [32]. See also Abdul-Rahman v WorkCover Authority (NSW) (No 2) [2015] NSWSC 1900 at [42] on this issue. [CPA 98.1000]

References

Latoudis v Casey (1990) 170 CLR 534; 65 ALJR 151; [1990] HCA 59 at [566]–[567] Oshlack v Richmond River Council (1998) 193 CLR 72; 72 ALJR 578; 152 ALR 83; [1998] HCA 11 Botany Bay City Council v Minister for Local Government (No 2) [2016] NSWCA 127 Lemoto v Able Technical Pty Ltd (2005) 63 NSWLR 300; [2005] NSWCA 153 Hamod v New South Wales [2011] NSWCA 375 [813]–[820] Newell; Muriniti v De Costi (2018) 97 NSWLR 398; [2018] NSWCA 49 See UCPR Part 42 Costs and the commentary. G E Dal Pont, Law of Costs (4th ed, LexisNexis Butterworths, 2018) 99

Liability of legal practitioner for unnecessary costs

(cf Act No 52 1970, section 76C; SCR Part 52A, rules 43 and 43A)

(1) This section applies if it appears to the court that costs have been incurred: (a) by the serious neglect, serious incompetence or serious misconduct of a legal practitioner, or (b) improperly, or without reasonable cause, in circumstances for which a legal practitioner is responsible. (2) After giving the legal practitioner a reasonable opportunity to be heard, the court may do any one or more of the following: (a) it may, by order, disallow the whole or any part of the costs in the proceedings: (i) in the case of a barrister, as between the barrister and the instructing solicitor, or as between the barrister and the client, as the case requires, or (ii) in the case of a solicitor, as between the solicitor and the client, (b) it may, by order, direct the legal practitioner: (i) in the case of a barrister, to pay to the instructing solicitor or client, or both, the whole or any part of any costs that the instructing solicitor or client, or both, have been ordered to pay to any other person, whether or not the solicitor or client has paid those costs, or (ii) in the case of a solicitor, to pay to the client the whole or any part of any costs that the client has been ordered to pay to any other person, whether or not the client has paid those costs, (c) it may, by order, direct the legal practitioner to indemnify any party (other than the client) against costs payable by that party. ©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

89

Civil Procedure Leg

As to capping costs so that they do not exceed a maximum amount, courts have been reluctant to impose arbitrary limits on the amount of costs recovered to meet concerns of proportionality of costs after proceedings are concluded, unless court costs scales exist to warrant the lower recovery, or other misconduct has occurred warranting costs reduction: Lovick & Son Developments Pty Ltd v Doppstadt Australia Pty Ltd (No 3) [2013] NSWSC 135 at [48].

Civil Procedure Act 2005 s 99

[CPA 99.20]

(3) Before making such an order, the court may refer the matter to a costs assessor (within the meaning of Part 7 of the Legal Profession Uniform Law Application Act 2014) for inquiry and report. Subs (3) am Act 7 of 2015, Sch 2.3[3]; Act 28 of 2005, s 6 and Sch 5.3[3]

(4) The court may direct that notice of any proceedings or order under this section with respect to a legal practitioner be given: (a) in the case of a barrister, to the instructing solicitor or client, or both, as the court may direct, or (b) in the case of a solicitor, to the client. (5) The court may give ancillary directions to give full effect to an order under this section, including directions to a legal practitioner to provide a bill of costs in assessable form: (a) to the court, or (b) to a party to the proceedings, or (c) in the case of a barrister, to the instructing solicitor or client, or both, or (d) in the case of a solicitor, to the client. (6) A party’s legal practitioner is not entitled to demand, recover or accept: (a) in the case of a barrister, from the instructing solicitor or client, or (b) in the case of a solicitor, from the client, any part of the amount for which the legal practitioner is directed by the court to indemnify any party pursuant to an order referred to in subsection (2)(c). (7) In this section, client includes former client. S 99 am Act 7 of 2015; Act 28 of 2005

SECTION 99 COMMENTARY Liability of a legal practitioner for unnecessary or wasted costs .......................................................... [CPA 99.20] Operation of CPA s 99 to make an order against a legal practitioner .................................................. [CPA 99.40] Requirement to afford procedural fairness to a legal practitioner ......................................................... [CPA 99.60] CPA s 99 application for unnecessary costs: is expert evidence required? ......................................... [CPA 99.80] Nature, scope and operation of wasted costs orders pursuant to CPA s 99 ...................................... [CPA 99.100] Ancillary matters relevant to wasted costs orders ............................................................................... [CPA 99.120] References ......................................................................................................................................... [CPA 99.1000]

[CPA 99.20]

Liability of a legal practitioner for unnecessary or wasted costs

The Supreme Court has a general power to make orders that a legal representative personally pay the opposing party’s costs directly for what the cases refer to as unnecessary or wasted costs. That power arises out of the Court’s supervisory jurisdiction with respect to legal practitioners admitted by the Court. That jurisdiction is not read down by reason of the CPA provisions, see Re Felicity; FM v Department of Family and Community Services (No 4) [2015] NSWCA 19 at [20]. Such inherent jurisdiction is exercised where a legal representative has failed to fulfil his or her duty to the Court and to realise his or her duty to aid in promoting, in his or her own sphere, the cause of justice, see Myers v Elman [1940] AC 282; [1939] 4 All ER 484; Kelly v Jowett (2009)76 NSWLR 405; [2009] NSWCA 278 at [61]. The construction of CPA s 99 is explained in Newell; Newell; Newell; Muriniti v De Costi (2018) 97 NSWLR 398; [2018] NSWCA 49 per Beazley P at [71]–[75] (agreed in by Gleeson and White JJA). The order that a court may relevantly make under the section is an order that a legal practitioner provide an indemnity for the loss suffered by a party being the costs payable by that party. There is a causation requirement that the impugned conduct with which the section deals must have caused the claimed unnecessary costs to have been incurred, ie but for that conduct, those costs that would not otherwise have been incurred by the party,Newell; Muriniti v De Costi [2018] NSWCA 49 at [71]–[72]. CPA s 99 confers a statutory power upon all courts which are subject to the CPA to make personal costs orders against legal practitioners for wasted costs incurred by the different categories of unacceptable professional conduct identified in CPA s 99(1). Such conferral of power is necessary as the District Court and Local Court 90

NSW Civil Procedure Handbook 2019

Part 7 – Judgments and orders Division 2 – Costs in proceedings

s 99

have no inherent jurisdiction to exercise disciplinary powers in respect of a legal practitioner, see Knaggs v J A Westaway & Sons Pty Ltd (1996) 40 NSWLR 476 at 485C. Cases regarding the exercise of the Court’s inherent discretion may provide guidance for the exercise of the discretion pursuant to CPA s 99. So to, cases regarding similar legislative provisions, such as Legal Profession Uniform Law Application Act 2014 s 62/Sch 2, and its legislative predecessors in the 1987 Act or the 2004 Act, regarding costs in civil claims where there are no reasonable prospects of success. However such cases need to be read by reference to the statutory powers with which they are concerned. The power to order costs against a legal practitioner pursuant to CPA s 99 must be exercised in accordance with its terms and context within the CPA, applied to the facts of the instant case, to avoid the danger of substituting analyses of, or glosses upon, the section for the language employed in it, see Whyked Pty Ltd v Yahoo! 7 Pty Ltd [2008] NSWSC 477 at [12]–[20] per McDougall J. Such orders have been described as exceptional, see Lemoto v Able Technical Pty Ltd (2005) 63 NSWLR 300; [2005] NSWCA 153 at [93]; Newell; Muriniti v De Costi (2018) 97 NSWLR 398; [2018] NSWCA 49. [CPA 99.40] Operation of CPA s 99 to make an order against a legal practitioner Exercise of the power contained in CPA s 99 for the purpose of making an order against a legal practitioner in regard to wasted costs requires explicit regard to the provisions of CPA ss 56 - 60. CPA s 56(5) specifically requires a court to take into account any failure to comply with the duty of a party or legal representative to assist the court to further the overriding purpose, in exercising a discretion with respect to costs, Kelly v Jowett (2009)76 NSWLR 405; [2009] NSWCA 278 at [57]–[59]. The condition precedent to the operation of CPA s 99 is a finding that a practitioner has engaged in conduct which falls within the province of that stated in CPA s 99(1). The phrases within subs (1)(a) and (b) do not constitute discrete and independent concepts. Nor should the term serious misconduct be construed by reference to the term unsatisfactory professional conduct. The preferable course, as explained in Re Felicity; FM v Department of Family and Community Services (No 4) [2015] NSWCA 19 at [24] per Basten JA (agreed in Ward and Emmett JJA), is to identify where costs have been incurred by a party as a result of any improper, unreasonable or negligent act or omission on the part of any legal or other representative, adopting the approach in Ridehalgh v Horsefield [1994] Ch 205 at 232, regarding the construction of CPA s 99. See also, Nadarajapillai v Naderasa (No 2) [2015] NSWCA 209 at [11] per Emmett JA (agreed McColl and Macfarlan JJA), where the Court again adopted the approach in Ridehalgh in regard to the meaning of the concepts in CPA s 99(1). The preferable course for a court to determine a CPA s 99 application regarding unnecessary costs is a two-stage approach. First, to identify where costs have been incurred by a party as a result of any improper, unreasonable or negligent act or omission on the part of any legal or other representative, and for such a finding to that effect within the provisions of CPA s 99(1), see Ridehalgh v Horsefield [1994] Ch 205 at 232. Second, once a finding of conduct by a legal practitioner to engage the operation of CPA s 99(1) is made, the court will make a second finding as to whether causation has been established, ie that the unnecessary costs have been incurred by the impugned conduct, see Newell; Muriniti v De Costi (2018) 97 NSWLR 398; [2018] NSWCA 49 per Beazley P at [71]. The decision to make an order pursuant to CPA s 99(2) against a legal practitioner requires a careful balancing of the public interest in maintaining and nurturing a legal profession which provides vigorous representation for litigants in court, uncompromised by a fear of personal sanctions for failure, against the need to maintain and nurture the obligation to provide independent advice to litigants and to give proper weight to the public interest in the efficient administration of justice, see Re Felicity; FM v Department of Family and Community Services (No 4) [2015] NSWCA 19 at [14]. [CPA 99.60] Requirement to afford procedural fairness to a legal practitioner Before making a CPA s 99 wasted costs order against a legal practitioner, the court must give the legal practitioner a reasonable opportunity to be heard. Such is evident from the words in the chapeau to CPA s 99(2). The making of costs orders against a practitioner requires a court to have regard to principles of natural justice unless the legislation discloses an intention to displace ordinary requirements of natural justice. The procedure should be as fair, and “as simple and summary as fairness permits”, see Lemoto v Able Technical Pty Ltd (2005) 63 NSWLR 300; [2005] NSWCA 153 at [7], [12], [92] and [143]; Newell; Newell; Muriniti v De Costi (2018) 97 NSWLR 398; [2018] NSWCA 49. ©

2019 THOMSON REUTERS

91

Civil Procedure Leg

[CPA 99.60]

Civil Procedure Act 2005 s 99

[CPA 99.60]

Procedural considerations to be followed where personal costs orders are to be made against a legal practitioner in the Supreme Court are stated in Practice Note SC Gen 5 Supreme Court – “Costs orders against legal practitioners”. In addition, the “Obligations of practitioners” remind practitioners of their duties to the Court, including to ensure the efficient and expeditious conduct of proceedings. The content of that Practice Note and the identification of “Procedural matters” per McColl JA in Lemoto at [92], [143]–[149] inform matters of practice and procedure for the consideration of a court exercising the power conferred upon it by CPA s 99. [CPA 99.80] CPA s 99 application: is expert evidence required? An applicant bears the onus to establish that CPA s 99 was engaged due to unnecessary costs having been incurred by the serious neglect, serious incompetence or serious misconduct of a legal practitioner. However an applicant may chose not to call expert evidence to prove those matters. Rather, an applicant may rely upon the objective circumstances of the trial. In such circumstances the court will make its own assessment of the impugned conduct, and whether it satisfies the requirements to engage the operation of CPA s 99. In Newell; Muriniti v De Costi (2018) 97 NSWLR 398; [2018] NSWCA 49 at [74] the court re-affirmed the approach to the question of the need for expert evidence on such an application which was stated in Attard v James Legal Pty Ltd (2010) 80 ACSR 585; [2010] NSWCA 311 at [131]: “… it is now well established that on the questions of professional