Morality and the Language of Conduct

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MORALITY AND THE LANGUAGE OF CONDUCT

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MORALITY AND THE

i

I

LANGUAGE OF CONDUCT

edited by

Hector~Neri \VAYNE

Castaneda and George Nakhnikian

STATE UNIVERSITY

Detroit Wayne State University Press

1965

Copyright© 1963 by Wayne State University Press, Detroit

2,

Michigan

All rights reserved Published simultaneously in Canada by Ambassador Books, Limited Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Library of Congress Catalog Card Number 62-175>7

W aynebook number 11 Paperback reprint, 1965

CONTENTS

PREFACE

Vll

1 RECENT CONCEPTIONS OF MORALITY

William K. Frankena University of Michigan

2 MORALITY, SELF, AND OTHERS

W. D. Falk Wayne State University

25

3 THE CONCEPT OF NlORAL OBJECTDnTY

H. D. Aiken

Harvar~

University

6$)

4 TOWARD A CREDIBLE FORt\1 OF UTILITARIANISM

Richard B. Brandt Swarthmore College

w7

5 ON THE NATURALISTIC FALLACY

George Nakhnikian Wayne State University

145

6 IMPERATIVES, INTENTIONS, AND THE LOGIC OF "OUGHT" Wilfrid Sellars Yale University r 59

7 IMPERATIVES, DECISIONS, AND "oUGHTS": A LOGICD-METAPHYSICAL INVESTIGATION

Hector-Neri Castaiieda Wayne State ·university

219

8 THE DESIRE TO DO ONE'S DUTY FOR ITS OWN SAKE

John Ladd Brown University

301

9 THE RELEVANCE OF MORALS TO OUR DENIALS OF RESPONSIBILITY

Francis V. Raab University of Minnesota

351

Errata

page 2 page 11

line 7

read "equipments" for "equipment"

line U

read "only if" for "if and only if"

page 12

line 7

page 35

line 25

insert comma for period after "judgment" read "virtues" for "virtue,

page 58

line 7 from bottom

page 96

line 3 from bottom

page 120

line 25

page 126

last line

after "reasons." insert reference: 3) For the concept of a reason compare my "Action-guiding Reasons;" The journal of Philosophy, LX (1963), 702-718. read "with which" for "which which" read "rules" for Hrule" read "the having of the belief that" for "the learning and belief that" read "latter" for "former"

page 232

line 4

page 233

line 5 line 17 from bottom

page 234

last line

read "components" for "component" read "this" for "his"

page 254

line 7 from bottom

read "(e)" for "(a)"

line 10 from bottom

read "(e) and (f)" for "(a) and (b)"

line 17 from bottom

"h I29 Utilitarianism. See Act-utilitarianism; Rule-utilitarianiSm Waismann, F., 354 Wittgensrein, Ludwig, I49 Woodworth, R. S., 3Io

The manuscript was edited by Faith S. Schmidt. The book was designed by S. R. Tenenbaum using Linotype Janson cut in r932 after the type face cut by Nicholas Kis in Amsterdam in r69o, but erroneously attributed to Anton Janson. The display face is Weiss Roman, designed by Professor E. R. vVeiss and cut by Bauer in r926.

Printed on Allied Paper Company's Paperback Offset Paper Bound in Riegel Paper Corporation's Carolina Cover.

Manufactured in the United States of America.