丝路秘宝:阿富汗国家博物馆珍品; Legendary Treasures of the Silk Road: Precious Collections from the National Museum of Afghanistan [1 ed.] 9787503962080

2017年8月24日至10月21日,敦煌石窟文物研究保护陈列中心将举办“丝路秘宝——阿富汗国家博物馆珍品”展览,展览精选231件(套)珍贵藏品。这些精美的工艺品制作于公元前2200年至公元1世纪,观众可以领略丝路文化的辉煌,并深入了解阿富汗

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丝路秘宝:阿富汗国家博物馆珍品; Legendary Treasures of the Silk Road: Precious Collections from the National Museum of Afghanistan [1 ed.]
 9787503962080

Table of contents :
敦煌研究院院长祝辞
阿富汗信息文化部部长致辞
前言
图版目录
图版
第一部分 法罗尔丘地
第二部分 阿伊哈努姆
第三部分 蒂拉丘地
第四部分 贝格拉姆与“丝绸之路”
专论
Omarakhan Massoudi: 阿富汗国家博物馆
St John Simpson: 阿富汗:古代世界的十字路口
后记

Citation preview

LEGENDARY TREASUES OF THE SILK ROAD PRECIOUS COLLECTIONS FROM

THE NATIONAL MUSEUM OF AFGHANISTAN

丝路秘宝 阿富汗国家博物馆珍品 敦煌研究院编 Compiled by the Dmihang Academy 女伐着倚出版社 Culture and Art Publishing House

图书在版编目(cIP)数据

丝路秘宝:阿富汗国家博物馆珍品:汉、英/敦

煌研究院编.—北京:文化艺术出版社,2017.9

ISBN 978-7-5039-6208-0

I.①丝…11.①敦…DI.①历史文物-阿富汗-图 录 IV.(DK883.720.2

中国版本图书馆CIP数据核字(2017)第222415号

丝路秘宝 阿富汗国家博物馆珍品



者敦煌研究院

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目录

004

敦煌研究院院长祝辞 王旭东

006

阿富汗信息文化部部长致辞

• H.E.阿卜社尔•巴里•贾哈尼 008

前言

010

图版目录

图版

003

第一部分法罗尔丘地

009

第二部分阿伊哈努姆

045

第三部分

蒂拉丘地

155

第四部分

贝格拉姆与“丝绸之路“

233

专论

234

阿富汗国家博物馆 鸟玛拉汗•马苏迪

242

阿富汗:古代世界的十字路口 约翰•辛普森

252

后记

001

002

CONTENTS

005

Foreword by Director of the Dunhuang Academy Wang Xudong

007

Foreword by Minister of Information and Culture, The Islamic Republic of Afghanistan H.E. Abdul Bari Jahani

009

Preface

014

List of Plates

Plates 003

Part I Tepe FuUol

009

Part H Ai Khantim

045

PartUl Tillya Tepe

1 55

PartIV Begratn and "the Silk Road"

233

Essays

238

The National Museum of Afghanistan Omarakhan Massoudi

o47

Afghanistan: Crossroads of the Ancient World St John Simpson

253

Afterword

003

敦煌研究院院长祝辞 王旭东

阿富汗,“丝绸之路”的枢纽。无论从希腊到中国,

作为“丝绸之路”上的帀耍都会一敦煌,与阿富

还是从西亚、中亚、南亚直到远东的文化传播与商留往

汗有很多相似之处。在阿富汗珍贵的文物中,我们看到

来,曾几何时,都要途经阿富汗或者由阿富汗接力传递。

了古希腊罗马文明的痕迹,石到了印度文明的影响……

阿富汗,也是中国人睁眼召世界的第一个聚焦点。

多元文明的交汇,构成了一种博大的、丰富的个性。在

公元前2世纪,汉武帝派出伟大的外交家、探险家张

敦煌石窟中,也同样展现着古希腊、古印度的影响,以

骞出使西域,其最初便是要去今天的阿富汗寻找潜在的

及来自中亚、西亚的多种因素,其中也包含了古代阿富

盟友。

汗的文化元素,这些外来的因素与中国悠久的传统交

阿富汗与中国紧密相连,有悠久的交往历史。汉武

融,形成了敦煌石窟独特的艺术风格。

帝两次派逍张務出使西域,促逬了中国与阿富汗以及中

随和时代的变迁,文物宝藏的命运也都经历了兴衰

亚、西亚诸国的关系。古老的中西通道升华为承载Ff经

荣枯,这一点,敦煌文物和阿富汗宝藏也有着相似的命

济、政治、文化交流的“丝绸之路”,并从此改写和塑

运,守护“巴克特里亚宝藏”这样可歌可泣的故邢.同

造了本区域的文化史和世界文明史。敦煌也于玆勃勃

样也在敦煌文物保护史上屡见不鲜。

兴起,并与亚洲之心的众多川耍城市一起长期闪郴在“丝 绸之路”上。

阿寓汗文物宝藏展示出不同的文化在交流与互鉴 中兴盛与繁荣,展示了古代阿常汗人民的智意与非凡

今年在故宫博物院巡礼这批来自阿富汗国家博物

的创造力,是人类文明的结用,值得我们珍视和学习。

馆宝藏的时候,除了被震轴,更多了一份心愿,希型这

千百年来人类文化的发展表明:光明终将冲破黑暗,文

批丝路瑰宝有一天能回归“丝绸之路”,走进敦熄一

明必将战胜野蛮,交流开放也必须取代封闭保守。希望

古代中西方文化交流的十字路口,今天“一带一路”侶

我ri的共同努力,迎來“丝绸之路”的复兴,并在东方

议的节点城市。在阿富汗国家博物馆和敦煌研究院的共

与西方、古代与现代的交融中川放光彩,造福人类。

同努力下,这个愿望终于实现了。

004

Foreword by Director of the Dunhuang Academy WangXudong

Afghanistan was a hub on "the Silk Road'*. Whether it was

emy. this wish has now come true.

for cultural or commercial transmissions from Greece to China

An important city along **the Silk Road" traffic. Dunhuang

or more broadly, from West Asia. Central Asia, and South Asia

is very similar to Afghanistan. Among (he precious treasures

to the Far East, there was a time when people traveled through

of Afghanistan, we can see traces of the Ancient Greeks and

or stayed in Afghanistan as a hub city.

Romans, and we can even see the influence of India. The rich

Afghanistan was the first key junction from which Chinese

convergence of all these diverse cultures has profound impli­

people broadened their horizons and explored the world. In the

cations. Similarly, Dunhuang Caves contain artistic influences

second century BC. Emperor Wudi of the Han Dynasty sent

from Ancient Greece and Ancient India along with elements

the great diplomat and explorer Zhang Qian as an imperial

from central Asia and western Asia. Traces of cultural ele­

envoy to the Western Regions. He was originally sent to seek

ments from ancient Afghanistan may also be found in the Dun­

potential allies in present-day Afghanistan.

huang Caves. These foreign factors mixed with long-standing

Due to their geographic proximity. Afghanistan and China

have a long history of association. Emperor Wudi sent Zhang

Chinese traditions form the special artistic style of Dunhuang Caves.

Qian to the Western Regions twice to establish and promote

As (imc passes, cultural treasures experience their own

the relationship between China and Afghanistan, which also

rise and fall at the mercy of changing empires. More than any­

improved the relationships between China and other countries

thing else, the cultural relics of Dunhuang and the treasures

in Central Asia and West Asia. This ancient passage between

of Afghanistan share similarly fraught histories and uncertain

China and the West then expanded to become the economic,

destinies. Moving stories such as protecting “The Treasure of

political, and cultural exchange known as “(he Silk Road".

Bactria" arc also common in the conservation history of Dun­

This route of exchange reshaped the cultural history of the rc・

huang Cultural Relics.

gion along with lhe history of world civilization. The prosper­

The precious cultural relics from Afghanistan demonstrate

ity of Dunhuang was also directly related to this development.

cultural prosperity as a result of cultural interchange and mu­

Dunhuang. along with many other important cities in the heart

tual learning. Reflecting the extraordinary intelligence and

of Asia, glittered along “(he Silk Road" for many years.

creativity of ancient Afghan people, the collection contains

This year, when we visited to (he Palace Museum in

invaluable products of human civilization and deserves the

Beijing to view the treasures from the National Museum of

study and esteem of all. The history of human development

Afghanistan, we were stunned by the collection. At that time,

over hundreds of thousands of years tells the story of how the

our hearts also gave birth to a wish; we looked forward to the

light of civilization breaks through the darkness of barbarity

day when these treasures could return to “the Silk Road" and

and how open minds and exchanges of ideas defeat closed and

journey to Dunhuang —the crossroad for cultural exchange be・

conservative thoughts. We hope that our combined efforts to

tween China and the West and the nodal city in lhe present-day

revive *,the Silk Road'' will also revive its glorious function

“One Belt. One Road*" proposal. With the concerted efforts of

of exchange between the East and the West, the past and the

the National Museum of Afghanistan and the Dunhuang Acad­

present, for the benefit of mankind.

005

阿富汗信息文化部部长致辞 H.E.阿卜杜尔•巴里•贾哈尼

古代阿富汗犹如一块文化的“磁铁”,深深吸引来

我们需要复兴这些艺术,并借助国际伙伴的力量,保

自未知世界的财富,也招致各种势力对其施加影响。此

护和保存我们珍贵的历史遗产,我们已经为这个目标奋

次展览为阿富汗提供了一次契机,使我们能够向当代世

斗了多年。十几年来,我们举办了众多文化集会、文化

界证明上述论断。阿富汗伊斯兰共和国信息文化部很高

遗产活动和文化节日,制作了无数电视节目、音乐会和

兴能与中国大名鼎鼎的敦煌研究院及其所有同事幵展合

电台节目,采取措施保护各类历史古迹,这些足以证明

作,以直接或间接的方式,支持并主办本次精彩绝伦的

我们的决心。鉴于博物馆在20多年的战乱中严重受损,

展览活动,让中国人民一睹阿富汗丰富的宝藏。

我们已经利用国内外伙伴的特别支持,尤其是中国的大

阿富汗坐落于古代世界的十字路口,更处在“丝绸

之路”的心脏地带。这条历史意义重大的道路将中国、

力帮助,努力对博物馆加以修复,并面向国内外游客

开放。

印度、伊朗、中东和西方相连接。“丝路秘宝一阿富

文化遗产是阿富汗的身份和象征,为了后代人,我

汗国家博物馆珍品”展中,许多手工艺品的历史可追溯

们有责任对文化遗产予以保护。不幸的是,文化遗产依

至数千年前。古阿富汗的阿里亚、阿拉霍西亚和帕洛帕

旧面临威胁,因为我们国家的部分地区仍在遭受人为强

米萨达等地是当时主要的贸易和文化交流中心。这里曾

加的战争,这不但使人们颠沛流离,还让文化和历史价

是该地区众多大国(贵霜帝国、伽色尼王国和古尔王朝

值观支离破碎。我们相信,我们的文化遗产,包括本次

等)的中心,也是多次大规模侵袭的目标。

展览所展出的精美手工艺品,将见证阿富汗和其他国家

展览呈现了阿富汗的壮丽山河、莹要遗迹以及阿富

在文化交流领域的通力合作。阿富汗的文化遗产不仅仅

汗国家博物馆梢心收藏的各类古代文物,为人们了解该

属于我们,它还是全世界所共享的瑰宝,因此保护这些

国的悠久历史提供了新颖、深刻的视角。20世纪70年

文化遗产是全世界的共同责任。

代末,阿官汗国家博物馆曾收藏了多达10万件伊斯兰

借此机会,我要感谢本次展览的主办者,并且向中

和前伊斯兰时代的物件。然而,历经20多年的内外战

华人民共和国人民和政府传达阿富汗伊斯兰共和国人民

乱,博物馆损失了大部分藏品。战乱期间,一些勇敢的

和政府的感激之情。我希望本次展览将幵启一扇新的大

阿富汗人(包括博物馆员工)把最珍贵的宝藏隐藏在安

门,使中国人民了解阿富汗的文化和历史价值。未来,

全的地点。为了把宝藏从毁灭的边缘拯救回来,他们冒

双方的文化交流必将进一步深化。

看生命危险,将博物馆藏品转移到多个安全区。今天,

006

Foreword by Minister of Information and Culture, The Islamic Republic of Afghanistan H.E. Abdul Bari Jahani

Afghanistan in antiquity was a cultural magnet, attracting

order to save the greatest treasures from loss or destruction.

wealth and influence from lhe unknown world. This exhibi­

Today we need the revival of the aris and arc determined to

tion is a wonderful opportunity for our country to authenticate

protect and preserve the rich collection of our history with

this statement. The Ministry of Information and Culture of

contribution of our international partners. For several years

lhe Islamic Republic of Afghanistan is delighted to work with

we have worked toward this goal. Cultural gatherings, cultural

lhe renowned and all its staff working directly or indirectly to

heritage events, festivals, television shows. concerts, radio

support and organize this marvelous exhibition. Our purpose

programs and the restoration of various historical monuments

is to show the Chinese people this rich Hidden Treasure of

in the last decade is evidence of our determination. As the

Afghanistan.

museum has suffered serious damage during the two decades

Afghanistan lies at the crossroads of the ancient world

of war we have tried to rehabilitate it with special support from

and the heart of “lhe Silk Road'* which was the historic link

our national and international partners, especially those from

between China. India. Iran, the Middle East, and the West.

China, and reopened it for the local and foreign visitors.

Precious Collec­

We believe that it's our responsibility to preserve the cul­

tions from the National Museum of Afghanistan can be traced

tural heritage as an identity of our nation for the future genera­

to thousands of years ago. The regions Aria. Arachosia and

tion. Unfortunately, our cultural heritage is still suffering from

Paropamisadai of ancient Afghanistan were the main centers

war imposed on our people in some part of our country which

of exchanges of Trade and Culture. It has been the center of a

threat not only our people's security but also their cultural and

succession of powerful local kingdoms, including the Kush・

historical values as well. We believe that our cultural heritages,

ans, Ghaznavids and Ghurids, but also the target of numerous

including manelous artifacts of the exhibition is evidence of

invasions.

cooperation in cultural exchanges of nations through the his­

Legendary Treasues of “the Silk Road” :

Illustrated with views of the country's beautiful landscape,

tory. The Cultural Heritages in Afghanistan not only belongs

significant monuments and a variety of ancient objects mainly

to us but also shares common values with the world. Therefore

drawn from lhe fabulous collection of the National Museum

the preservation of these cultural heritage is the responsibility

of Afghanistan, the exhibition presents a new and enlighten­

of the whole world.

ing perspective on the remarkable history of this country. In

On behalf of the Afghan Nation and the government of

the late I970*s Afghanistan National Museum had more than

Islamic Republic of Afghanistan. I would like to express my

100,000 Islamic and Pre-Islamic objects. However, by the end

gratitude to the organizers of this wonderful exhibition for

of two decades of war and internal conflicts, the National Mu­

their efforts and to the people and the government of the People's

seum lost a big part of its collection. During the two decades

Republic of China. I hope this exhibition will open a new win­

of war some of lhe brave Afghans, including museum staff, hid

dow for introducing our cultural and historical values to the

the greatest treasures in a safe place. They risked their lives

people of China which can strengthen the cultural cooperation

to transfer the museum collection to various secure places in

in future.

007

前言

阿富汗有着5000多年的悠久历史和灿烂多姿的古

化交流的盛事,也是古文明交流传承的坚实脚步。

代文明。中阿两国交往历史悠长,汉代张骞第一次出

本次展览精选200余件来自异域的珍贵藏品,以

使西域时即到达了这一地区,横贯欧亚的丝绸之路更

考古学意义上的发现地点为主线,向观众展示公元前3

是密切了两国的交往。1978年,考古学家维克托•萨

世纪至公元1世纪的阿富汗历史风貌。这是阿富汗历史

瑞阿尼迪在阿富汗北部蒂拉丘地发现了数座古代墓葬,

上最具活力的时期,其中包括“丝绸之路”贸易的起始

出土了近两万件古代黄金制品,被称为当今世界最伟

阶段,同时一些法罗尔丘地出土的早期文物又体现了阿

大的考古发现之一。

富汗青铜时代的文化特征。通过展览,观众不仅能够赏

阿富汗国家博物馆始建于1919年,是阿富汗最大

的博物馆,曾经拥有W万件以上的珍贵文物。此次敦 煌研究院与阿富汗国家博物馆联合举办展览既是中阿文

008

析奇异珍宝,领略丝路文化,更能深入了解阿富汗多样 化的历史与文化。

敦煌研究院

Preface

Afghanistan, boasts a long history of over 5000 years and

Afghan cultural exchange, but also marks an important step in

a splendid ancient civilization. Exchanges between China

the communication of heritages between ancient civilizations.

and Afghanistan go back a long way. Zhang Qian of the Han

This exhibition shows more than 200 precious cultural

dynasty arrived there during his first mission. The Silk Road

artifacts, presenting a vivid picture of Afghanistan between the

across the Eurasia landmass further facilitated exchanges

3rd century BCE and the ls( century CE. This is the most vi­

between the two countries. In 1978・ the celebrated Soviet ar­

brant period in Afghan history, also coinciding with the initial

chaeologist Viktor Sarianidi discovered a number of ancient

phase of the Silk Road. However, some earlier dated objects

tombs and unearthed nearly 20.000 gold artifacts in northern

from Tepe Fullol shows the Bronze Age culture of this country.

Afghanistan This feat is celebrated as one of the greatest ar­

Through the exhibition, the audience is able to appreciate the

chaeological discoveries in the world to date.

beauty of these cultural artifacts and the culture of lhe Silk

The National Museum of Afghanistan, built in Kabul in

1919 and Afghanistan's largest museum, used to house more

Road, as well as gain a deep understanding of the rich history

and culture of Afghanistan.

than 100,000 sets of precious cultural artifacts. The joint ex­ hibition between The Dunhuang Academy and the National

The Dunhuang Academy

Museum of Afghanistan is not only a significant event in Sino-

()09

图版目录

第-部分法罗尔丘地

L金杯................................................... ()04 2. 金碗................................................... 005 3. 金杯................................................... ()06 第二部分

阿伊哈努姆

4. 科林斯柱头............................................. ()10 5. 金块....................................................012 6. 金块................................................... 012 7. 金块................................................... 013 8. 金块................................................... ()13 9. 背铜手柄............................................... 014 10. 西布莉图案饰板........................................ ()14 II•十字形饰板............................................ 016 12•赫拉克勒斯像...........................................017 13.新月形饰板............................................ ()18 14•科林斯柱头............................................ 020 15. 赫尔墨斯柱............................................ 023 16. 铭文碑座.............................................. 023 17. 石像鬼式滴水.......................................... 024 18. 日畧.................................................. 026 19. 日畧.................................................. 027 20•小盒...................................................()28 21. 小盒.................................................. 028 22. 盒盖.................................................. 029 23•献词铭文石............................................ 029 24. 浮雕.................................................. 030 25. 雕刻饰板.............................................. 032 26. 人像.................................................. ()34 27•家具残件.............................................. 035

010

28. 家具残件..............................................035 29. 头部塑像..............................................036 30. 瓦檐饰............................................. : - 038 31. 瓦梅饰...................................... 040 32. 瓦檐饰................................................ 041 33. 瓦檐饰................................................ 042 34. 铭文陶瓷..................... 043 35. 铭文陶瓷.............................................. ()43 第三部分蒂拉丘地

36. 人与海豚…........... :........................... (M6 37. 骑海豚的丘比转............... •:... .................. 047 38. 阿佛洛狄特.......................... •:......... ::•••••••••047 39•阿佛洛狄特........................................... 049 40.乐师像...... :......... •:............................ 049 41•君主与龙............................................. ()50 42. 王冠.......... 052 43. 头饰.................................................. 054 44. 发饰.................................................. 054 45. 团花发饰.............................................. ()55 46. 发簪.................................................. ()55 47•耳夹.................................................. 056 48. 丘比特耳夹............................................ 056 49. 心形耳夹.............................................. 057 50. 盘形吊坠.............................................. 057 51. 手形吊坠.............................................. 058 52. 手形吊坠.............................................. ()58 53. 足形吊坠.............................................. ()59 54. 足形吊坠.............................................. 059 >5.石榴石吊坠............................................ 060

56. 新月形吊坠........................................... 062 57. 杏仁形吊坠............................................ 062 58. 心形吊坠... ........................................... M3 59. 双马造型吊坠.......................................... "3 60. 雅典娜图案吊坠........................................ 61. 女神吊坠.............................................. 065 62. 胸针............................................. 066 63. 项链............................................. . •• “ 067 64. 项链.................................... "8 65. 项链........................................ 070 66. 项链......................................-.......... 071 67•项链.................................................. 072 68. 浮雕装饰项链................... 074 69. 鼓形杆顶.......... .................................••• •076 70•雅典娜图章戒指 ............... :....................... 076 71. 雅典娜图章戒指..... :••…: ............................. 077 72. 牧师图章戒指............... :•......:............. :••••••"077 73. 宝石戒指......... 078 74. 图章戒指.................................... -•:...... 079 75. 羚羊手镯..............................................08() 76. 手镯................. —..............................081 77手镯.................................................. ... 78. 手链.................................................. 083 79. 脚镯•••••••=............................................. 80. 脚镯................................................. 085 81•脚镯.................................................. °86 82. 圆盘形扣.............................................. 088 83. 勇士图案钩扣...........................................088 84. 丘比特骑海豚图案钩扣.................................. 090 85. 神话情景图案钩扣...................................... 092

86. 钩扣.................................................. ... 87. 腰带.................................................. 。94 88. 镶嵌绿松石贴花........................................ 096 89. 金字塔形贴花.......................................... 098 90. 六瓣花饰物............................................ 9L花形饰物……......................................... 1。1 92•三角形饰物............................................ 101 93. 蝴蝶结饰物............................................ 102 94. 蝴蝶结饰物............................................102 95. 花形饰物.............................................. I" 96. 面具饰物.............................................. 1。5 97. 涡形饰物...........................:................ :T% 98•圣甲虫饰物............................................1t Diameter 5 lent

01()

5

6

金块

金块

黄金

黄金

宫殿珍宝库

宫殿珍宝库

公元前145年后

.公元前145年后

氏5•训I[米宽5.231咆米

氏4.MI电农宽4.32用来

5

6

Gold ingot

Gold ingot

(; Width 6.92cm Thickness 1.2cm

050

42 壬冠

黄金、绿松石

5号墓 公元25—50年 长45匣米宽门匣米

42

Crouni Gold, Turquoise Tomb 5

Second quarter of the 1st Century A.D. Length 45cm Width 13cm

052

43

44

头饰

发饰

黄金、银、珍珠

黄金

6号墓

1号墓

公元25—5()年

公元25—50年

长7厘米宽4厘米

长6.37厘米宽7.5厘米

43

44

Two hair ornaments

Hair ornament

Gold, Silver, Pearl

Gold

Tomb 6

Tomb 1

Second(]H.irter of the 1st Ceil fury A.D.

Second qtiaricr of the tst Ceitttiry A.D.

Length 7cih IVidth 4cm

Length 6.37c” Width 7.5c”

()54

45

46

团花发饰 黄金

黄金、绿松石、珍珠、青铜簪

3号墓

2号墓

公元25-50年

公元25—5()年

直径7.7趣米厚().2厘米

长6・26厘米厚2.7厘米/3.92厘米

45

46

Hairpin wilh a rosette

lu>o hair ornaments

(Jold

Gold. rnri]iioise. Pearls, bronze (pin)

lontb 3

Tomb 2

Second iiititricr of the hl Ccniury A.D.

Second iitiarter of ihe 1st Century A.D.

DidiHcicr 7.78cm Thickness 0.2cnt

Leiiijih 6.26cm Thickness 2. 7cm/3.92nn

055

47

48

丘比特耳夹 黄金

黄金

1号墓

6号墓

公元25—50年

公元25—50年

长2.对至米宽239匣*

长2.2匣米

厚I.86MX

47 Earring

A pair of earrings decorated with cupids

Gold

Gold

Tomb I

Tomh 6

Sccctid qmirter of the 1st Ccnittry A. D.

Second t/ihirrer of the I si Cetin/ry A.D.

Length 2.8cm IVidth 2.39c”

Length 2.2ent Thickness 1.86cm

056

49

5。

心形耳夹

盘形吊坠

黄金、绿松石

黄金

5号墓

i号墓

公元25—5(1年

公元25—50年

长2.41匣米

宽1."厘米/L17匣來

长1.46厘米/I」6厘米

49

50

A pair of heart-shaped can ing

Rosettes of fourteen leaves with a round pendant

Gold, DtrijHoisc

Gold

Tomb 5

Iomb I

Second oin 10 1ft Century A.l).

Height 45cm

156

148

河流女神像 象牙

10号房间 公元1世纪

高45.6坦米

148

Wotnan standing h'ory Room / 0

1st Ccitlury A.D.

Heighl 45.6cm

158

oh

a makara

i$o

149 河流女神像

维纳斯

象牙

石膏

10号房间 公元1世纪 高巧.X堕来

10号房间 公元1世纪 高26.7厘米

149

15。

VVbinan standing on a makara

Aphrodite

Ivory

Plaster

Roonr 10

Room 1()

hl Century A. I).

ht Century A.D.

Height 55.8cm

Height 26.7cm

161

1



塞勒涅与恩底弥翁 石育

13号房间 公元I世纪 直径"厘米

Circular medaUioii depicting Endymion and Selene Plaster

Room 13

1st Century A.D. Diameter 16ctn

162

巧2

葡萄藤图案圆盘 石膏

13号房间

公元I世纪 -12」

【52

Circular medalion decorated with grapevines Plaster

Room 13 hl Century A.D.

Di.tnieier 12(m

163

«53 爱神浮雕装饰

13号房间 公元II比纪 直径16匣来

>53 Circular incdallion with Eros and Psyche Plasicr Roohi 13

Isi Ceumry A. I). Diiiuicicr 16ciii

巧4 徽比

\F —17* * f*• 13号房间 公元I世纪 宽22朋米

【54

Circular medallion Placer

Roiuii l.i 1st Ccniury A.D.

Width 22cm



5



6

怙景图案徽朮

另性胸像徽朮

石廿

石脅

13号房间 公元II比纪 直径14.*匝米

13号房间

5

公元川上纪

12.5厘米

直径

6





Circular niedallion

Circular medallion

Plaster

Plaster

Room 13

Room 13

1st Century A.D.

Isi Ccnlury A.l).

Diameter 14.8cm

Dittinelcr 12. .5cm

157 伽倪跟得斯图案徽比 石疔

13号房间 公元川I:纪 直径12•观米

巧7

Circular medallion irith Ganymede and the ea^le q) Zens Phistcr

R ••