Josephus: Jewish Antiquities (Books XII-XIV) [7]

161 85 31MB

English Pages 788 [814] Year 1933

Report DMCA / Copyright

DOWNLOAD FILE

Polecaj historie

Josephus: Jewish Antiquities (Books XII-XIV) [7]

Citation preview

THE LOEB CLASSICAL LIBRARY FOUNDED BY JAMES LOEB,

LL.D.

EDITED BY

fT. t E.

L. A.

CAPPS, POST,

E.

PAGE,

PH.D., LL.D.

M.A.

E. H.

C.H., LITT.D.

t

W. H. D. ROUSE,

WARMLNGTON,

JOSEPHUS VII

m.a.,

litt.d.

f.r.hist.soo.

F'

JOSEPH us ^^^TH

an English translation by

RALPH MARCUS,

Ph.D.

PROFESSOR OF HELLENISTIC CULTURE, UNIVERSITY OF CHICAQO

IN NINE VOLL^IES

JEWISH ANTIQUITIES, BOOKS XII-XIV

LONDON

WILLIAM HEINEMANN LTD t

\MBRIOGE, M.^SSACHUSKTrS

IlAiUARD UNIVERSITY PRESS ilCilLVII

HA First printed 1043

Reprinted 19 j7

Printed in Great Britain

CONTENTS OF VOLUiME

VII

.....

Prefatory Note

PAOK vii

THE JEWISH antiquitiesBook XII

2

Book XIII

228

Book XIV

448

Appendix A.

Ax Anxient

Appendix

The Date

B.

Tari.e of Contents

of the High Priest

Simon the Just (the Righteous)

Appendix C.

{A?it. xii.

Appendix E.

.

.

.....

732

The Early Seleucid Rulers

AND the Jews

Appendix D.

704

Antiochus

III

737

and the Jews 743

129-153)

Selected Literature on the

Oniads and Tobiads and Palestine under Ptolemaic Rule

(.4nKd)s:^ Se 8 dVavra? et? AtyviTTOV dyaydjv. 7 ^x^i'V

BeaTTOTrjv."

TOWS'

aTTO

rix)v

'AyaOapx^^T^g

'\epoaoXvpnjjv

p-^v

irepi

re

Tr]v

rdJv

^e^aiordrovg vrrdpxovTag i^ ojv aTreKpivavTO ^AXe^dvhpco TTpeaPevaap-evo) irpog avrovs p.€Td to Kparrjaai Aapet'ou rfj p.dxr), TToXXovg avrdjv elg rd (f^poupia KaraXoxioag /cat TOt? Ma/ceSdatv eV 'AAe^avSpet'a bpKCJV

(f>vXaKriv

'

^

eV

rdrjoav eirl rpels rjpepas Troteta^at 77^09 rods eV^ avriJov VTrdp^ovras TTapaheLKvvvras evdvs^ /cat rd acupara- rovro ydp TOLS ipavrov rrpdypLaaiv r]yovp.aL avp.(f)epeLV. rrpoa,

31

.

i

*

eyctu ^^'

ex Arist.

:

cyvojv in qiiibusdaiii

Hudson:

codd. teste Hudson.

Trpoyjoa^as codd.

:

dispoailiones Lat.

JEWISH ANTIQUITIES,

XII. 27-31

granted it and as evidence of the king's munificence thev " decided to preserve a copy of the decree, which " All the slaves whom those servinor was as follows in our father's army took captive after invading Syria and Phoenicia and subduing Judaea, and brought to our cities and our country and sold them, and those slaves who were formerly in my kingdom and any who have recently been imported all these their owners shall set free and receive a hundred and twenty drachmas ^ for each slave, the soldiers to get this redemption money together -with their wages, For I believe the others from the king's exchequer. that it was contrary to my father's intention and to what is right that they were made captives, and that their countrA* was ravaged through the army's lack of discipline, and also that from their removal to Egypt the soldiers have greatly benefited. Having regard, ;

:

Text of ij'e^re™^'^

AHsteas *

'

"



therefore, to justice

and feeling pity

for those

who

have been unworthily oppressed, I command their owners to set free those Jews who are in their service, for Avhom they are to receive the forementioned sum, and no one shall act dishonestly in this matter, but they shall obey these orders. And it is my will that they present their lists " of slaves before those who are in charge of the matter within three days after the publication of this edict, and that they produce their slaves promptly. For I regard this as being to the interest of my government. And any" Variants " he " and " I " Arist. has " I believe it will be useful to include {KaraKex(^piodai) a copy of the decree." " Cf. § 25 note c. * " Lists " is restored from Arist., the mss. of Josephus have " notices " (of sale). ;

*

P:

utt' rell,

*

ourois ed. pr.

17

,

JOSEPH us ayyeAAeTO) 8e touLXoaoal)le that a little later a detail of that Siaypa/x/ia was regulated by a spv 77avTOLOJv rrjv ISeav Kar' avrov Se pa^SoiCTt? du€yeyXv77To, Kad^ rjs rrXeypia popjSojTov St/CTUoi? €jj.(f}epe.s €Ct)s rod )(€iXovg dveiXKvaTO' rd Se fieaa Xidojv dCT77i8ta rerpahaKrvXajv dv^TrX-qpov to /caAAo?. 77e pL€aT€(f)€TO Se TO, X^^^V '^'^^ KpaT-qpog Kpivojv opiXa^L Kal dvdepiai Kal ^oTpvcDV axoiViaig et? /cyKAov TreptT^y/xeVat?. tou? /Ltev ow XP^*^^^^^ KpaTrjpa