Ismaili and other Arabic Manuscripts: A Descriptive Catalogue of Manuscripts in the Library of The Institute of Ismaili Studies 9780755699100

Ismaili and Other Arabic Manuscripts is a supplement to Adam Gacek’s two-volume Catalogue of Arabic Manuscripts in the L

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Ismaili and other Arabic Manuscripts: A Descriptive Catalogue of Manuscripts in the Library of The Institute of Ismaili Studies
 9780755699100

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The Institute of Ismaili Studies was established in 1977 with the object of promoting scholarship and learning on Islam, in the historical as well as contemporary contexts, and a better understanding of its relationship with other societies and faiths. The Institute’s programmes encourage a perspective which is not confined to the theological and religious heritage of Islam, but seek to explore the relationship of religious ideas to broader dimensions of society and culture. They thus encourage an interdisciplinary approach to the materials of Islamic history and thought. Particular attention is also given to issues of modernity that arise as Muslims seek to relate their heritage to the contemporary situation. Within the Islamic tradition, the Institute’s programmes seek to promote research on those areas which have, to date, received relatively little attention from scholars. These include the intellectual and literary expressions of Shi‘ism in general, and Ismailism in particular. In the context of Islamic societies, the Institute’s programmes are informed by the full range and diversity of cultures in which Islam is practised today, from the Middle East, Southern and Central Asia and Africa to the industrialized societies of the West, thus taking into consideration the variety of contexts which shape the ideals, beliefs and practices of the faith. The publications of the Institute fall into several distinct categories: 1. Occasional papers or essays addressing broad themes of the relationship between religion and society in the historical as well as modern contexts, with special reference to Islam, but encompassing, where appropriate, other faiths and cultures. 2. Works exploring a specific theme or aspect of Islamic faith or culture, or the contribution of an individual figure or writer. 3. Translations of poetic or literary texts. 4. Editions or translations of significant texts of a primary or secondary nature. 5. Ismaili studies. 6. Proceedings of conferences, catalogues and bibliographies.

This book falls under the category six listed above. In facilitating these and other publications, the Institute’s sole aim is to encourage original, interesting and mature thought, scholarship and analysis of the relevant issues. There will naturally be a diversity of views, ideas and interpretations, and the opinions expressed will be those of the authors.

Since its establishment in 1977, The Institute of Ismaili Studies in London has been a main point of reference for those interested in carrying out research on all aspects of Ismaili history and thought. In order to maintain and reinforce its world-wide reputation as a specialised centre of learning, over the years the Institute’s Library has pursued a policy of expanding its manuscript collections by attracting donations from private individuals and institutions as well as acquiring materials available in the book trade. Adam Gacek, the former librarian at the Institute, published in 1984–85 a two-volume Catalogue of Arabic Manuscripts in The Library of the Institute of Ismaili Studies. Comprehensive as this was at the time of its publication, by now its contents reflect only in part the strength of the collection of Arabic manuscripts at the Institute. This work is, therefore, primarily intended as a third volume supplement to Gacek’s catalogue. As will become apparent, in several instances the manuscripts described here are additional copies of works already listed by Gacek. For this reason it was felt necessary that a change of cataloguing style should be adopted so that present and past catalogues could complement each other by providing different types of information and codicological approaches to the same works. In contrast to Gacek’s more ‘technical’ approach, the focus here is mainly on the contents of the texts, bibliographical data and biographical/historical information. This catalogue describes 188 Arabic manuscripts (except for a few in Gujarati written in Arabic script) divided into Ismaili [1–178] and non-Ismaili [179–188] categories. The oldest Ismaili codex in this collection is an illuminated copy of the Rasā’il [44/1040] of the Ikhwān al-Ṣafā’ dated 953/1546. However, the majority of the manuscripts are relatively recent, having been copied mostly during the 19th and the first half of the 20th centuries. The bulk of the works belong to the tradition of theological, philosophical and historical Ismaili literature of the Fāṭimid period, filtered to India via the Yemeni Ṭayyibī literary tradition. In fact, following the collapse of the Fāṭimids in 567/1171 and the destruction of their famed libraries by the ‘Ayyūbids, it was the Ṭayyibī branch of Ismailism in particular that was able to preserve the Fāṭimid literary tradition and maintain its study. The manuscripts were mainly copied in India, especially in Gujarāt, at a time of great intellectual ferment among the Dā’ūdī Bohra Ismailis and provide a glimpse into trends of learning within diverse Bohra circles at a particularly challenging time in the modern history of Ismailism. The strength of this collection rests equally on a relatively small number of manuscripts belonging to the Syrian Nizārī branch of Ismailism, formerly owned by the late Syrian Ismaili scholar Muṣṭafā Ghālib (1921–1981). The study of Syrian Ismailism has so far suffered from a number of limitations. To this day, the

majority of manuscripts of Syrian Ismaili literature remain in private hands. This factor has made it virtually impossible to compile a comprehensive inventory of texts belonging to the Syrian literary tradition. Moreover, the difficulty in obtaining access to this material has forced scholars to rely, by and large, on non-Ismaili, and therefore potentially biased, sources. Although in recent years a few Syrian texts have become available in print through the pioneering work of scholars like ‘Ārif Tāmir (d. 1998) and Muṣṭafā Ghālib, the lack of adequate critical apparatus often means that they are difficult to use. This catalogue intends, therefore, to draw attention to manuscripts of important and hitherto unknown works from Syria, now available in the Library of The Institute of Ismaili Studies. It is hoped that their study may lead to better knowledge and understanding of Syrian Ismailism, both in terms of its literary heritage and doctrinal trends. Among the non-Ismaili Arabic manuscripts of particular interest is a recent copy, almost certainly made by Wladimir Ivanow (1886–1970), the foremost pioneer in modern Ismaili studies, of part of a rare 12th-century heresiographical work, the Kitāb al-tawārīkh wa’l-milal by Muḥammad b. al-Ghazāli [181/843]. Also noteworthy is a copy of Naṣīr al-Dīn al-Ṭūsī’s Shar ḥ al-ishārāt dated 728/1327 [186/903]. Most of the manuscripts in this section consist of works on fiqh, devotional literature, history and miscellaneous topics. The catalogue is arranged alphabetically by author and title. Whenever there is more than one copy of the same text, the copies are arranged chronologically from the oldest to the most recent, with undated copies listed last. The anonymous works are listed separately and alphabetically by title, while the majmū‘āt (collections) are arranged chronologically. The non-Ismaili manuscripts are listed by anonymous works, authors and majmū‘āt. Each catalogue entry is subdivided as follows: 1. Full name of the author, followed in most instances by a short biographical note. 2. In square brackets, the sequence number of this catalogue on the left is followed by the manuscript location number on the right. 3. Full title of the work, occasionally followed by variants. 4. A paragraph giving details about the contents of the work and other relevant information of historical, literary and doctrinal nature. 5. Name of the copyist (when known). At times this is followed by the name of the place where the copy was made or details of the circumstances relating to the copying and ther information given in the colophon. 6. Date according to both the Islamic and Christian calendars or an estimate when the manuscript is not explicitly dated. The presence in some cases of the term ‘muṭābiq’ indicates that both Islamic and Christian dates are given in the colophon. 7. Physical description includes: foliation (or pagination if given), number of lines per page, measurement in millimetres of both folio size and text area, type of script, details on use of different inks, illumination, notes in the margins, diagrams, etc. 8. References to other copies or volumes of the same work in the Library of The Institute of Ismaili Studies as well as to those listed in catalogues of other collections, followed by details of main editions, translations and studies when appropriate. No details are given of the quality and type of paper which, with few exceptions, is of the western style commonly used in the Islamic world prior to the introduction of the printing press. Also, except in a few

instances, details about bindings are not given since they are mostly of negligible academic and artistic interest. The transliteration of words and names in Arabic script follows the style adopted in the new edition of the Encyclopaedia of Islam with a few exceptions: j for dj, q for ḳ and no use of ligatures. Arabic names written in Latin characters have been mostly reported verbatim. Diacritical marks have been used throughout except for the names of countries (and their derivatives) which are commonly known in English (e.g. Iran, Yemen).

It is with much pleasure that I take this opportunity of expressing my gratitude and debt to a number of people who have encouraged me with their assistance and advice throughout the work of compiling this catalogue. I am deeply grateful to Dr Farhad Daftary, Head of the Department of Academic Research and Publications at The Institute of Ismaili Studies, for entrusting me with this project, monitoring its progress as well as reading the draft manuscript and making valuable comments for its improvement. My most sincere thanks go to the Institute’s library staff, especially Dr Duncan Haldane, Head Librarian, who kindly eased my access to the library facilities and took some of his precious time to read a draft of this work, adding in this way to its overall style. Dr Jalal Badakhchani, formerly in charge of the Ismaili collection in the Library, and Mr Alnoor Merchant, the current Keeper, were most helpful and patient in supplying me with the original manuscripts and meeting my, at times, erratic requests for access to and advice on bibliographic material. Alnoor Merchant also undertook a very thorough reading of this work prior to its final completion, contributing comments on editions as well as details relating to Ismaili history and thought. Miss Luisa Zenobi, Assistant Librarian, offered me her expertise in computing and on-line research, creating a pleasant and comfortable environment for me to work in. Ms Khadija Lalani, Library Assistant, was most kind in solving many tedious and time-consuming tasks on my behalf, and in showing me her moral support through her friendship and generous supply of refreshments. I would also like to take this opportunity to thank my very dear friend and colleague, Dr Simonetta Calderini of Roehampton Institute, London, for her acute observations and inspiring suggestions while preparing this catalogue. My gratitude goes also to Mr Sergei Turkin of the Institute of Oriental Studies, Academy of Sciences, St Petersburg, for helping me solve codicological problems encountered during this work. Last but not least, many thanks to Mr Kutub Kassam for his editorial suggestions, and to the academic staff, management and students of the Institute, whose continuous interest in my work has been a tremendous source of encouragement. D.C.

Āqā Buzurg = Āqā Buzurg al-Ṭihrānī, Muḥammad M., al-Dharī‘a ilā taṣānīf al-shī‘a, Kitābkhānah-i Islāmiyyah, Tehran-Najaf, 1387–98/1968–78, 2nd ed. Daftary, MIHT = Daftary, Farhad (ed.), Mediaeval Isma‘ili History and Thought, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1996. Daftary, The Ismā‘īlīs = Daftary, Farhad, The Ismā‘īlīs: Their History and Doctrines, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1990. EI2 = Encyclopaedia of Islam. New edition, Leiden–London, 1960–. Fyzee, CFM = Fyzee, Asaf A.A. ‘A Collection of Fatimid Manuscripts,’ in Gidwani, N.N. (ed.), Comparative Librarianship: Essays in Honor of Professor D.N. Marshall, Vikas Publishing House, Delhi, 1973, pp.209–20. Fyzee, QN = Fyzee, Asaf A.A. ‘Qadi an-Nu‘man, the Fatimid Jurist and Author,’ Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, (January 1934), pp. 1–32. Gacek, IIS = Gacek, Adam, Catalogue of Arabic Manuscripts in the Library of The Institute of Ismaili Studies, Islamic Publications, 2 vols., London, 1984–85. Gacek, SOAS = Gacek, Adam, Catalogue of the Arabic Manuscripts in the Library of the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, School of Oriental and African Studies, London, 1981. GAL = Brockelmann, Carl, Geschichte der arabischen Litteratur. Erster band, E.J. Brill, Leiden, 1943–49, vols I and II; SI = Erster Supplementband, E.J. Brill, Leiden, 1937; SII = Zweiter Supplementband, E.J. Brill, Leiden, 1938. Ghālib, A‘lām= Ghālib, Muṣṭafā, A‘lām al-Ismā‘īliyya, Dār al-Yaqaẓa al-‘Arabiyya, Beirut, 1964. Goriawala = Goriawala, Mu‘izz, A Descriptive Catalogue of the Fyzee Collection of Ismaili Manuscripts, University of Bombay, Bombay, 1965. Hamdānī, al-Sulayḥiyyūn = Hamdānī, Ḥusayn F. al-Sulayḥiyyūn wa’l-ḥaraka al-Fāṭimiyya fi’l-Yaman, Maktabat Miṣr, Cairo, 1955. Husain, Gulzare Daudi = Mianbhai Mulla Abdul Husain, Gulzare Daudi. For the Bohras of India, ‘Amarsinhji’ P. Press, Ahmedabad, 1920. Ivanow, IL = Ivanow, Wladimir, Ismaili Literature. A Bibliographical Survey, Tehran University Press, Tehran, 1963. Ivanow, IT = Ismaili Tradition Concerning the Rise of the Fatimids, Published for the Islamic Research Association by H. Milford, Oxford University Press, London, 1942.

JAOS = Journal of the American Oriental Society. JBBRAS, n.s. = Journal of the Bombay Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society. New series. JRAS = Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society. Mach = Mach, Rudolf, Catalogue of Arabic Manuscripts (Yahuda section) in the Garrett Collection Princeton University Library, Princeton University Press, Princeton, 1977. al-Majdū‘ = Munzavī, ‘AIī N. (ed.), Fihrist al-kutub wa’l-rasā’il, Chāpkhānah-i Dānishgāh-i Tihrān, Tehran, 1344/1966. Poonawala = Poonawala, Ismail K. Biobibliography of Ismā‘īlī Literature, Undena Publications, Malibu, Calif., 1977. Sezgin I = Sezgin, Fuad, Geschichte des arabischen Schrifttums. Band I, E.J. Brill, Leiden, 1967. Tritton = Tritton, Arthur S. ‘Notes on Some Ismaili Manuscripts,’ Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, 7 (1933–35), pp. 35–9.

Abū Tammām An early Ismaili dā‘ī who flourished in the second quarter of the 4th/10th century. Details of his life are obscure. Information on his writings indicates that he was either from Khurāsān (Iran), or spent a lengthy period there as a pupil of the dā‘ī Muḥammad al-Nasafī (d.332/943). He was presumably the author of a Kitāb al-burhān which, not having met the approval of the Fāṭimid Imamcaliph al-Mu‘izz (d.365/975), has not been preserved by the da‘wa. For a long time scholars linked Abū Tammām to the Yemeni tradition of Ismailism. It is only recently that his association with the 4th/10th century Persian Ismaili school of thought has been finally established.

[1/920] Kitāb al-shajara An abridgement of the first part of this important philosophical work centred around themes of tawḥīd, cycles of prophethood, physical and spiritual worlds, the creation of Ādam, angelology, demonology, jinns, etc. The Kitāb al-shajara was first published under the tide Kitāb al-īḍāḥ by ‘Ā. Tāmir (Beirut, 1965) who attributed it to the Syrian Nizārī dā‘ī Abū Firās Shihāb al-Dīn al-Maynaqī (d. 937/1530 or 947/1540). A second version of the same text was again published by Tāmir (Beirut, 1982), this time under the title Shajarat al-yaqīn and ascribed to the 3rd/9th-century dā‘ī‘Abdān. The text edited by Tāmir is identical to the second part of Abū Tammām’s Shajara. COPYIST: unknown. DATE: n.d.

(early 14th/20th century). DESCRIPTION: 58 pp.; 11 lines per page; 165 × 142/100 × 90 mm.; black naskhī; later corrections in blue ink in the text and margins; very slightly worm-eaten. See GAL, SI, p.715; Hamdānī, al-Sulayḥiyyūn, p.289; Ivanow, IL, 230; al-Majdū‘, pp.233–5; Poonawala, p.132 (no.1). EDITIONS AND TRANSLATIONS: W. Madelung and P.E. Walker, An Ismaili Heresiography. The ‘Bāb al-shayṭān’ REFERENCES:

from Abū Tammām’s Kitāb al-shajara, Leiden, 1998. STUDIES: P. Walker, ‘Abū Tammām and his Kitāb al-Shajara: A New Ismaili Treatise from the Tenth-Century Khurasan,’ JAOS, 114 (1994), pp.343-52; P. Walker, ‘An Isma‘ili Version of the Heresiography of the Seventy-two Erring Sects,’ in Daftary, MIHT, pp.161–77.

‘Alī b. Ḥanẓala [b. Abī Sālim al-Maḥfūẓī al-Wādi‘ī al-Hamdānī] The sixth dā‘ī muṭlaq in the Yemeni Ṭayyibī line in 612/1215, ‘Alī b. Ḥanẓala’s learning and impartiality earned him popularity among the chiefs of the Hamdānid clan of the Banū Ḥātim in Dhū Marmar and the ‘Ayyūbid rulers in Ṣan‘ā’. He encouraged missionary activities in Yemen, India and Sind, forbidding, however, the involvement of the da‛wa in local political affairs. In addition to the works listed below, the authorship of two treatises, al-Mabda’ wa’l-ma‘ād and Risālat al-iḥsān fī khalq al-insān, has been attributed to him. He died in 626/1229.

[2/944]

Ḍiyā’ al-ḥulūm wa miṣbāḥ al-‘ulūm

A work on tawḥīd, the creation of spiritual and physical worlds, the establishment of the da‘wa, the permanence of the Imamate, cycles of concealment and manifestation, and eschatology. Significantly al-Majdū‘ places it in the same league as well known Ismaili works such as Zahr al-ma‘ānī by Idrīs ‘Imād al-Dīn (q.v.) and Kanz al-walad (q.v.) by Ibrāhīm b. al-Ḥusayn al-Ḥāmidī (q.v.). It is divided into four chapters and eleven parts altogether. COPYIST:

Bakhsh b. Sulṭān‘alī b. Muḥammad ‘Alī, of Nadurhā’wangū. Copied at the time of Abū Muḥammad ‘Abū al-Qādir Najm al-Dīn,1 mentioned in the colophon. DATE: Dhu’l-ḥijja 1291/August 1875. DESCRIPTION: 57 leaves; 14 lines per page; 192 × 125/140 × 80 mm.; black naskhī; title, headings and ending in red; a few corrections and additions in the margins.

[3/898] Same COPYIST: unknown. DATE: 3

Jụmāda’l-ūkhrā 1335/26 March 1917. DESCRIPTION: 137 pp.; 11 lines per page; 180 × 110/130 × 68 mm.; black naskhī; headings in red, text within black and red ruled frame; pencilled annotations and corrections in the margins; slighdy worm-eaten.

[4/967] Same COPYIST: Ghulām Ḥusayn DATE: 1350/1931.

Mullā Fidā’ Ḥusayn Biyā’varī.

DESCRIPTION:

2 leaves; 98 pp.; 12 lines per page; 190 × 110/110 × 80 mm.; black naskhī; several corrections and additions in the margins, some in pencil or blue ink; calligraphic title. REFERENCES: Gacek, IIS, vol. 1(no. 19); GAL, SI, p.716; Goriawala, 116–17; Ivanow, IL, 252; al-Majdū‘, pp.269–70; Poonawala, pp. 162–3 (no.2). EDITIONS: M. Ghālib (ed.), Arba‘ kutub ḥaqqāniyya, Beirut, 1403/1983, pp.79–111.

[5/885] Simṭ al-ḥaqā’iq A versified treatise on Ismaili philosophy. It consists of a short introduction, a question and answer, and eleven ‘sayings’ for a total of 663 couplets. Themes include tawḥīd, realms of creation, spheres, planets, return to the creator, the natural world, cycles of Prophecy and Imamate and eschatology. The work can be regarded as a compendium in versified form of previous writing on mabda’ and ma‘ād by other Ismaili authors. Mullā Ghulām ‘Alī b. ‘Abd al-Ḥusayn Shūrā. Copied at the time of Abū Muḥammad Ṭāhir Sayf mentioned in the colophon. DATE: Friday 14 Rabī‘ al-awwal 1357/13 May 1938. DESCRIPTION: 63 pp.; 11 couplets per page; 165 × 103/125 × 70 mm.; clear black naskhī; page numbering and headings in red; occasional pencilled annotations and corrections; slightly worm-eaten. COPYIST:

al-Dīn,2

[6/966] Same COPYIST: Ṭāhir

b. Shaykh Ḥaydar ‘Alī. Read by Muḥammadbhā’ī, ma’dhūn of the Ṭāyyibī da‘wa. Copied at the time of Ṭāhir Sayf al-Dīn (q.v.), mentioned in the colophon. DATE: 9 Jumāda’1-ūlā 1373/13 January 1954. DESCRIPTION: 41 leaves; 9 couplets per page; 142 × 110/100 × 80 mm.; black naskhī; crude polychrome head-piece; headings in sepia; corrections in the margins, some in pencil.

[7/974] Same COPYIST: unknown. DATE: n.d.

(first half of 14th/20th century). DESCRIPTION: 59 pp.; 12 couplets per page; 220 × 148/180 × 90 mm.; black naskhī; a very few additions in the margins; very slightly worm-eaten; incomplete at the end. Same in [167/969]. REFERENCES:

Gacek, IIS, vol.1 (no.144); GAL, SI, p.716; Goriawala, 118–20; Ivanow, IL, 253; Poonawala, p.

162 (no.1). EDITIONS: ‘Alī b. Ḥanẓala, Simṭ al-ḥaqā’iq, ed. ‘A. al-‘Azzāwī, Damascus, 1953.

Amīnjī b. Jalāl b. Ḥasan Son of Jalāl, the 25th Ṭayyibī dā‘ī muṭlaq of India, Amīnjī was a prominent jurist who held a high position in the hierarchy of the da‘wa. He lived in Aḥmadābād, the headquarters of the da‘wa in India between 974/1566 and 1065/1654, and died in 1010/1602. Dā’ūdī Bohra Ismailis rate his work almost as highly as that of al-Qāḍī al-Nu‘mān (q.v.). Beside their intrinsic merits, Amīnjī’s books serve as a valuable source for works considered lost, such as Muṣannaf al-wazīr by the Fāṭimid vizier Ibn Killis.

[8/906] Kitāb al-ḥawāshī (al-jild al-awwal) Volume one of a two-volume work on Fāṭimid fiqh in the form of a catechism in which the dialogue is between dā‘īs operating in western India in the second half of the 10th/16th century. The questions relate to the Da‘ā’im al-Islām and the Mukhtaṣar of al-Qāḍī al-Nu‘mān (q.v.), and make reference to certain aspects of the everyday life of the Bohra community. Fyzee suggests a date of composition prior to 997/1588 when the split between Sulaymānīs and Dā’ūdīs took place. This work appears to be more popular in the latter branch. COPYIST:

‘Abd al-Ḥusayn b. al-Mājid Mūsabhā’ī (glossa: Ibn Muḥammad ‘Alī Rāmpūrī Islāmpūrī). Copied at the time of Ṭāhir Sayf al-Dīn (q.v.), mentioned in the colophon. DATE: Thursday 6 Dhu’l-ḥijja 1341/19 July 1923. DESCRIPTION: 194 leaves; 10 lines per page; 160 × 110/100 × 70 mm.; black naskhī; headings in red; pencilled additions and corrections in the margins.

[9/908] Same COPYIST: unknown. DATE: n.d.

(ff.1–76:11th/17th century?; ff.77–169: late 13th/19th-early 14th/20th century). DESCRIPTION: 169 leaves; 13 lines per page; 213 × 120/135 × 80 mm.; black naskhī by different hands; headings in red; a few annotations occasionally filling most of the margins; ff.1–76 very badly worm-eaten with loss of text.

[10/921] Same COPYIST: unknown. DATE: n.d.

(first half of 14th/20th century). DESCRIPTION: 92 pp.; 16 to 18 lines per page; 200 × 130/approx. 140 × 90 mm.; black naskhī; some quotations, headings and words in red; occasional annotations in margins; incomplete at the end. REFERENCES: Fyzee, CFM, p.217; Gacek, IIS, vol. 1 (no.51); Poonawala, p. 185 (no.3). See I.K Poonawala, ‘al-Qāḍī al-Nu‘mān and Isma‘ili Jurisprudence,’ in Daftary, MIHT, pp. 117–43 (p. 131).

al-Bharūchī (or al-Bharūjī), Ḥasan [b. Nūḥ b. Yūsuf b. Muḥammad b. Ādam al-Hindī] A prominent Bohra scholar, he was born in Cambay in the period before the Dā’ūdī-Sulaymānī split in the Ṭayyibī line. Most of his biographical details are known from his introduction to Kitāb al-azhār. Once initiated to the Ismaili doctrine, he went to Yemen around 904/1498, leaving behind family and material comforts, to seek knowledge directly from the 20th dā‘ī muṭlaq Ḥasan b. Idrīs (d.918/1512). Under his instruction, al-Bharūchī became gradually acquainted with a vast body of Ismaili literature. This he lists at the beginning of al-Azhār, providing us with an insight into methods of learning within l0th/16th-century Yemeni Ismaili circles. His instruction continued under the following dā‘ī, Ḥusayn. He also became close to ‘Alī b. Ḥusayn, Muḥammad b. Ḥasan and Yūsuf b. Sulaymān who were to become respectively 22nd, 23rd and 24th dā‘īs. He died in 939/1533.

[11/930] Kitāb al-azhār wa majma‘ al-anwār al-malqūṭa min basātīn al-asrār majāmi‘ al-fawākih al-rūḥāniyya wa’l-thimār (al-juz’ al-awwal) Part of a seven-volume anthology of Ismaili literature, preserving in full or in part works which would otherwise be lost. It was written between 931/1524 and 933/1526. This, the first volume, deals with prophets, Imams, dā‘īs and other ranks of the Ismaili hierarchy. It also contains a list of the books read by the author and an account of his studies with the 21st Yemeni dā‘ī Ḥusayn b. Idrīs. Isḥāq b. Sulaymān b. Mullā Ḥasanbhā’ī. Written for Shaykh Muḥammad ‘Alī b. Shaykh Fayḍ Allāh b. Bhā’ī Ibrāhīm ‘Alī al-Mawlā al-Hamdānī.3 DATE: 18 Rajab 1306/20 March 1889. DESCRIPTION: 174pp.; 15 lines per page; 220 × 134/145 × 80 mm.; clear black and red naskhī; occasional corrections, additions and annotations in the margins (sometimes in red pencil); diagrams on pp.109–110, 113, 115–17; purple morocco eastern-style binding with blind-stamped devices on both covers. COPYIST:

[12/1010] Same COPYIST:

Amīn b. ‘Alī al-Kāthyāwarī al-Gādhakarwī, in Sīdhpūr, while teaching at the Madrasa Yūsufiyya of Najmpūr.4 Written at the time of Ṭāhir Sayf al-Dīn (q.v.), mentioned in the colophon. DATE: 4 Ramaḍān 1344, corresponding to (muṭābiq) 17 March 1926. DESCRIPTION: 218 pp.; 12 lines per page; 228 × 143/150 × 80 mm.; black naskhī; grid of one diagram in red pencil; a very few corrections in the margins; diagrams on pp.143, 145, 146–7, 148, 149.

[13/895] Same COPYIST: [Mullā

Ghulām ‘Alī b. ‘Abd al-Ḥusayn Shūrā]. DATE: Saturday 1 Jumāda’1-ūlā 1348/4 October 1929.

DESCRIPTION:

187 pp.; 11 lines per page; 208 × 170/130 × 110 mm.; clear black naskhī; page numbering, headings, occasional word and marks in red; occasional pencilled annotations in the margins; slightly worm-eaten.

[14/938] Same (al-juz’ al-thānī) Volume two deals with the succession after the death of the Fāṭimid Imam-caliph al-Āmir (d. 524/1130), the history of the Ṭayyibī da‘wa in Yemen up to the author’s time, and questions concerning the Imamate in the Ṭayyibī line of descent and the appearance of the Mahdī from its progeny. This section contains extracts from the Rasā’il by the Ikhwān al-Ṣafā’ (q.v.); Idrīs ‘Imād al-Dīn’s ‘Uyūn al-akhbār (q.v.); Ja‘far b. Manṣūr al-Yaman’s Kitāb al-fatarāt wa’l-qirānāt, al-Ḥāmidī’s Tuḥfat al-qulūb; Abu’l-Barakāt’s Majālis, Aḥmad al-Nīsābūrī’s (q.v.) al-Risāla al-mūjaza al-kāfiya and, finally, ‘Alī b. al-Ḥusayn b. al-Walīd’s (q.v.) al-Qaṣīda al-tis‘ūniyya (q.v.). Ḥasan‘alī b. Rasūlbhā’ī, in Mahū’. Copied at the time of Abu’1-Faḍl ‘Abd Allāh Badr al-Dīn ‘Abd al-Ḥusām al-Dīn,5 mentioned in the colophon. DATE: Friday 14 Jumāda’l-ūlā 1329/12 May 1911. DESCRIPTION: 111 leaves; 13 lines per page; 212 × 128/148 × 84 mm.; clear black naskhī; title, headings, words and punctuation in red; a few additions and corrections in the margins. COPYIST:

[15/1011] Same COPYIST:

Amīn b. ‘Alī al-Kāthyāwārī al-Gādahkarwī, in Sīdhpūr while teaching at the Madrasa Yūsufiyya of Najmpūr (q.v.). Written at the time of Ṭāhir Sayf al-Dīn (q.v.), mentioned in the colophon. DATE: Wednesday 4 Ramaḍān 1344, corresponding to (muṭābiq) 17 March 1926. DESCRIPTION: 224 pp.; 12 lines per page; 228 × 143/150 × 80 mm.; black naskhī; a very few corrections in the margins, some in pencil.

[16/893] Same COPYIST: [Mullā

Ghulām ‘Alī b. ‘Abd al-Ḥusayn Shūrā]. DATE: Monday 29 Rajab 1348/30 December 1929. DESCRIPTION: 199 pp.; 11 lines per page; 209 × 166/136 × 110 mm.; clear black naskhī; page numbering, headings, occasional words in red; a few marginal annotations, some pencilled; slightly worm-eaten.

[17/869] Same (al-juz’ al-thālith) The third volume of this work contains a text of a didactic nature dealing with the history of the da‘wa; excerpts

from Risālat niẓām al-wujūd by ‘Alī b. al-Walīd (q.v.), al-Risāla al-munīra by ‘Abd Allāh b. ‘Alī b. al-Walīd (q.v.) and Risāla ilā jamā‘at ahl al-Rayy [33/867] by Abu’l-Fawāris al-Mīmadhī al-Ḥasan (fl.4th/10th century); an account of how to find the concealed Imam Ṭayyib; a qaṣīda by Sirāj al-Dīn al-Muqrī (d.837/1433); selections from Kitāb Bilawhar wa Būdhāsf, and, finally, letters on vegetarianism exchanged between al-Mu’ayyad fi’l-Dīn al-Shīrāzī (q.v.) and the Syrian poet and philosopher Abu’l-‘Alā’ al-Ma‘arrī (d.449/1057). COPYIST:

Mullā Ghulām ‘Alī b. ‘Abd al-Ḥusayn Shūrā, in Mumba’ī. Copied at the time of Abū Muḥammad Ṭāhir Sayf al-Dīn (q.v.), mentioned in the colophon. DATE: Saturday 28 Dhu’l-qa‘da 1348/26 April 1930. DESCRIPTION: 213 pp.; 11 lines per page; 206 × 163/143 × 106 mm.; very clear black naskhī; headings, numbers and occasional words in red; pencilled annotations and corrections in margins and text area.

[18/1022] Same COPYIST: [‘Faḍl Ḥusayn’

partially erased by “Alī’ (?) written over it] b. Muḥammad ‘Alī al-Ṭālib. Written at the time of Abū Muḥammad Ṭāhir Sayf al-Dīn (q.v.), mentioned in the colophon. DATE: Friday 15 Rabī‘ al-ākhir 1353/27 July 1934. DESCRIPTION: 140 pp.; 16 lines per page; 220 × 140/150 × 90 mm.; clear black naskhī; title, words, and stanza dividers in red; a very few corrections in pencil or blue ink in margins and text area; pp.46–9 upside down.

[19/1023] Same (al-juz’ al-rābi‘) The fourth volume contains extracts from Nahj al-balāgha, the sermons attributed to ‘Alī Abī Ṭālib; Ḥamīd al-Dīn al-Kirmānī’s (q.v.) Tanbīh al-hādī; al-Mu’ayyad fi’l-Dīn al-Shīrāzī’s Majālis (q.v.). It ends with Nashwān b. Sa‘īd al-Ḥimyarī’s al-Qaṣīda al-Ḥimyariyya. This section also contains some material relating to the first three caliphs. COPYIST:

Amīn b. ‘Alī al-Kāthyāwārī al-Gādahkarwī. Written in Sīdhpūr while at the Madrasa Yūsufiyya of Najmpūr (q.v.). Copied at the time of Abū Muḥammad Ṭāhir Sayf al-Dīn (q.v.), mentioned in the colophon. DATE: Thursday 16 Dhu’l-qa‘da 1344, corresponding to (muṭābiq) 27 May 1926. DESCRIPTION: 488 pp.; 12 lines per page; 228 × 142/150 × 75 mm.; clear black naskhī; title in red; very occasional corrections in the margins.

[20/894] Same COPYIST: [Mullā

Ghulām ‘Alī b. ‘Abd al-Ḥusayn Shūrā]. DATE: n.d. (probably 1348/1930). DESCRIPTION: 358 pp.; 12 lines per page; 200 × 170/145 × 110 mm.; clear black naskhī; headings, occasional words and numbering of the first 15 pages in red; a few marginal annotations and corrections in red and pencil;

slightly worm-eaten.

[21/1024] Same (part of al-juz’ al-sādis) This is the second half of the sixth volume. It begins with one of the majālis of Ḥātim b. Ibrāhīm al-Ḥamidī (q.v.), followed by extracts from Nahj al-balāgha. Other extracts are from ‘Uyūn al-akhbār by Idrīs ‘Imād al-Dīn’s (q.v.) on Fāṭima; al-Majālis wa’l-musāyarāt by al-Qāḍī al-Nu‘mān (q.v.); al-Majālis al-Mu’ayyadiyya (q.v.) by al-Mu’ayyad fi’l-Dīn al-Shīrāzī (q.v.) on the dispute of Fadak; more on Fāṭima and on the injustice perpetrated against her from Sa‘īd b. Muḥammad al-Kāzarūnī, Kitāb maṭāli‘ al-anwār, more from the ‘Uyūn on the Imams Ḥasan, Ḥusayn and Zayn al-‘Ābidīn, with Sunnī sources for the latter as well. The volume ends with the first qaṣīda from the Dīwān (q.v.) of al-Mu’ayyad fi’l-Dīn al-Shīrāzī. [‘Faḍl Ḥusayn’ partially erased by “Alī’ (?)written over it] b. Muḥammad ‘Alī al-Ṭālib. Written at the time of Abū Muḥammad Ṭāhir Sayf al-Dīn (q.v.), mentioned in the colophon. DATE: 15 Shawwāl 1352/30 January 1934. DESCRIPTION: 56 leaves; 16 lines per page; 220 × 135/155 × go mm.; clear black naskhī; title in blue ink in a different hand; corrections, additions and annotations in the margins; defective at the beginning. REFERENCES: Gacek, IIS, vol.1 (no.46 A–K, N–O); Gacek, SOAS, 159; GAL, SII, pp.563, 608; Goriawala, 142–5; Ivanow, IL, 292; Poonawala, p.179–82 (no.1), Tritton, p.38. EDITIONS AND TRANSLATIONS: For vol.1, see ‘Ā. al-’Awwā (ed.), Muntakhabāt Ismā‘īliyya, Damascus, 1958, pp.181–250; W. Madelung and P. Walker (ed., trans.) The Advent of the Fatimids: A Contemporary Shi‘i Witness. Ibn al-Haytham’s Kitāb al-Munāẓarāt, London, 1999. COPYIST:

Burhānpūrī, Quṭbbhā’ī (or Quṭb al-Dīn) Sulaymānjī A dā‘ī who held a high position in the da‘wa hierarchy of the Dā’ūdī Bohra branch of Ismailism at the time of the 43rd dā‘ī muṭlaq ‘Abd-i ‘Alī Sayf al-Dīn. He was the founder of the seminary of Sūrat (Daras Sūrat or Daras Sayfī) which served as an educational institution for the training of teachers as well as the Bohra community at large. A number of manuscripts in this collection were copied in that institution. Quṭbbhā’ī died in Poona in 1241/1826.

[22/1020] Kitāb muntaza‘ fi’l-akhbār. al-Mukhtaṣar fi’l-āthār fī dhikr al-a’imma al-aṭhār wa sīrat al-du‘āt al-abrār (or Muntaza‘ al-akhbār fī akhbār al-du‘āt al-akhyār). Both volumes of a two-volume history of the da‘wa covering, in volume one, the Prophet Muḥammad, ‘Alī, Ḥasan, Ḥusayn, other Imams, and the Fāṭimid Imam-caliphs up to Abu’l-Qāsim al-Ṭayyib. Volume two deals with the history of the dā‘īs of Yemen and India from the first dā‘ī muṭlaq of the Ṭayyibī da‘wa, al-Dhu’ayb b. Mūsā al-Wādi‘ī (d.546/1151), up to the 45th dā‘ī Ṭayyib Zayn al-Dīn b. Shaykh Jīwanjī (d. 1252/1837). This work is mainly based on the ‘Uyūn al-akhbār (q.v.) by Idrīs ‘Imād al-Dīn (q.v.) and is rated as one of the most accurate Ismaili historical sources produced by an Indian Dā’ūdī scholar.

COPYIST:

Aḥmad ‘Alī b. ‘Abd al-Karīm b. Mullā Muḥammad ‘Alī b. Mullā Ādamjī b. Mullā Muḥammad Ḥusayn b. Mullā Tājkhānjī b. Mullā ‘Abd al-Rasūl, of Shāhjāpūr (sic). Written at the time of ‘Abd al-Qādir Najm al-Dīn (q.v.), mentioned in the colophon. DATE: 13 Ṣafar 1302/1 December 1884. DESCRIPTION: 1 fly-leaf, 310 leaves; 21 lines per page; 228 × 152/160 × 90 mm.; clear black naskhī; title, headings and punctuation in red; occasional corrections, additions and annotations in the margins; ‘kabīkaj’ formula6 on f. 1r; holes on the first leaf, slightly damp-stained; eastern-style purple leather binding, with flap.

[23/868] Same (al-jild al-awwal) COPYIST:

Mullā Ghulām ‘Alī b. ‘Abd al-Ḥusayn Shūrā, in Mumba’ī. Copied at the time of Abū Muḥammad Ṭāhir Sayf al-Dīn (q.v.), mentioned in the colophon. DATE: 23 Rajab 1347/4 January 1929. DESCRIPTION: 500 pp.; 10 lines per page; 225 × 165/123 × 100 mm.; very clear black naskhī; headings and page numbers in red as well as occasional words; text within frame outlined in red up to p.329; marginal annotations, some in pencil. REFERENCES:

Gacek, IIS, vol.1 (no.98); Goriawala, 153–4; Poonawala, p.217 (no.1). See Daftary, The Ismā‘īlīs, p.259.

al-Ḥāmidī, Ḥātim b. Ibrāhīm b. al-Ḥusayn [b. Abi’l-Su‘ūd al-Hamdānī] A man of considerable erudition, Ḥātim succeeded his father in 557/1162 as the third dā‘ī muṭlaq in Yemen. He soon won the support of the Ḥimyar and Hamdān tribes which took the Kawkabān fortress on his behalf. This, however, provoked the reaction of Sulṭān ‘Alī b. Ḥātim al-Yāmī, ruler of Ṣan‘ā’, who turned against him. As a result Ḥātim eventually moved to the Ḥarāz region where, after converting the local population and conquering a number of strongholds, he settled in Ḥuṭayb which became the headquarters of the da‘wa. There he devoted himself to learning and to the religious and logistic organisation of the Ṭayyibī missionary activity. He died in 596/1199.

[24/945] Majālis Sayyid-nā Ḥātim b. Ibrāhīm al-Ḥāmidī Fifty-two majālis, beginning with majlis seventy-seven, being the only extant part of this collection of sermons by al-Ḥāmidī. The central figure of the work is ‘Alī b. Abī Ṭālib. The author goes to great lengths in glorifying his prowess in battle and his miraculous feats. COPYIST:

Hibat Allāh Mullā ‘Abd al-Qādir Ja‘far Māmā b. Nūrbhā’ī b. Qāsimjī b. Ādam Khānjī, of Islāmpūr, living in Jahālarāpāṭan. Written in Daras Sūrat.7 DATE: 21 Rajab 1311/27January 1894. DESCRIPTION: 752 pp.; 17 lines per page; 208 × 122/150 × 78 mm.; neat black naskhī; title, headings, page

numbers, punctuation and section markers in the margins in red, often blurred; some corrections and additions in the margins. REFERENCES:

Gacek, IIS, vol.1 (no.81); Goriawala, 91–2; Ivanow, IL, 226; al-Majdū‘, pp.68–9; Poonawala, p.

154 (no.9). EXTRACTS: Ivanow, IT, pp. 305–13 (Eng.) pp.107–13 (Ar.).

[25/917] Tanbīḥ al-ghāfilīn A work on ethics based on two Rasā’il of the Ikhwān al-Ṣafā’ (q.v.) and the sermons of the Fāṭimid Imam-caliph al-’Azīz (d.386/996), extracts of which are included in the present work. Reference is also made to ancient philosophers. Among the vices mostly condemned are envy and hatred. COPYIST: unknown. DATE: n.d.

(early 14th/20th century). DESCRIPTION: 66 leaves; 10 lines per page; 170 × 135/115 × 80 mm.; black naskhī with occasional words in red; a very few marginal annotations and corrections; very slightly worm-eaten; ‘kabīkaj’ formula on f. 1r; incomplete at the end. REFERENCES:

Gacek, IIS, vol. 1 (no.151); GAL, SI, p.715; Goriawala, 94–5; Ivanow, IL, 215; al-Majdū’, pp.47–8; Poonawala, p.153 (no.6).

al-Ḥāmidī, Ibrāhīm b. al-Ḥusayn [b. Abi’l-Su‘ūd al-Hamdānī] The second dā‘ī muṭlaq of the Ṭayyibī da‘wa of Yemen, India and Sind, he succeeded al-Dhu’ayb b. Mūsā al-Wādi‘ī in 546/1151. He appointed ‘Alī b. al-Ḥusayn b. al-Walīd (q.v.) as his ma’dhūn and eventually nominated his own son, Ḥātim (q.v.) to that position. He lived in Ṣan‘ā’ at a time when the position of the Ṭayyibī community was rather weak as it received little support from the Yemeni rulers who backed the rival Ḥāfiẓī faction. He devoted himself to the study of esoteric sciences and to the preservation of the Ismaili cultural and literary heritage through his own writings and missionary activity. He died in 557/1162.

[26/1035] Kanz al-walad (or Kitāb khazīnat al-‘ulūm wa’l-fawā’id) One of the most important Ismaili theological works, the Kanz al-walad is divided into 14 chapters dealing with cosmology, eschatology, creation, Ismaili hierarchies and their metaphysical equivalents, etc. It is one of the earliest works in Fāṭimid-Ṭayyibī literature to refer to the Rasā’il of the Ikhwān al-Ṡafā’ (q.v.). The Kanz al-walad contains extensive quotations from works by Ḥamīd al-Dīn al-Kirmānī (q.v.), Abū Ya‘qūb al-Sijistānī (q.v.) and al-Mu’ayyad fi’l-Dīn al-Shīrāzī (q.v.). At times it expands and gives explanations of cosmological topics covered by those authors.

Ismā‘īl Mullā Ghulām Ḥusayn Jiwābhā’ī.8 Written for Mullā Yūsuf ‘Alī at the time of Abū Ṭayyib Muḥammad Burhān al-Dīn,9 both mentioned in the colophon. DATE: Friday 21 Rabī‘ al-thānī 1315/18 September 1897. DESCRIPTION: 8 leaves (the first and the last three inscribed with an index and other annotations), 524 pp.; 15 lines per page; 220 × 135/140 × 70 mm.; clear black naskhī; index at the beginning in later hand in blue; headings, quotations, etc. in red; diagrams on pp.59, 123, 124, 178, 185, 258, 406, 407, 409, 415; edges of pages partially red-stained but text not affected; annotations in the margins. COPYIST:

[27/983] Same COPYIST:

Fayḍ Allāh b. Ibrāhīm b. Mullā Luqmānjī b. Muḥammadjī b. Tāj Muḥammad b. ‘Abd al-Rasūl b. Mullā Dā’ūdbhā’ī b. Fakhr al-Dīn, in Gulyākūt.10 Copied at the time of Abū Muḥammad Ṭāhir Sayf al-Dīn (q.v.), mentioned in the colophon. DATE: Sunday morning, 11 Sha‘bān 1361, corresponding to (muṭābiq) 23 August 1942. DESCRIPTION: 155 leaves; 16 lines per page; 221 × 143/149 × 78 mm.; clear black naskhī; title, headings, punctuation, outlines of diagrams and some additions and corrections in the margins in red; text with double red and black ruled frame; corrections and additions in the margins, some in pencil; diagrams on ff: 1r, 19r, 37v, 38r, 54r–v, 56v, 78v, 121r–v, 123r, 147r, 154v. REFERENCES:

Gacek, IIS, vol.1 (no.42); GAL, SI, p.714; Goriawala, 84; Ivanow, IL, 198; al-Majdū’, 279, 304; Poonawala, p.142 (no.1). EDITIONS: Ibrāhīm b. al-Ḥusayn al-Ḥāmidī, Kanz al-walad: Die ismā‘īlītische Theologie des Ibrāhīm al-Ḥusayn al-Ḥāmidī, ed. M. Ghālib, Wiesbaden, 1391/1979.

al-Ḥārithī, Muḥammad [b. Ṭāhir b. Ibrāhīm al-Khazrajī] Mentor to ‘Alī b. Muḥammad b. al-Walīd (q.v.) who was to become the fifth dā‘ī muṭlaq, he also served the fourth dā‘ī Ḥātim al-Ḥāmidī (q.v.) as ma’dhūn in Ṣan‘ā’, at a time when the headquarters of the da‘wa was in al-Ḥuṭayb. He died in 584/1188.

[28/951] al-Anwār al-laṭīfa al-dhawī al-ṣuwar al-nayyira al-sharīfa An important work on ḥaqā’iq consisting of five surādiq (awnings), each divided into five chapters, each chapter divided into five parts. In order to stress the secretive character of the work, in the introduction the author recommends that the book should only be read with the permission of a person in authority sharing the same religious views as the reader. COPYIST: Hibat

Allāh b. Muḥammad al-Ḥirzī. DATE: 23 Ramaḍān 1277/3 April 1861. DESCRIPTION: 547 pp.; 8 to 11 lines per page; 147 × 98/105 × 70 mm.; black naskhī; headings, punctuation and

date in red; a few marginal corrections (some in pencil); one diagram at the beginning of the ms. REFERENCES: Gacek,

IIS, vol.1 (no.7); Goriawala, 85; Poonawala, p.148 (no.2).

[29/937] Majmū‘ al-tarbiyya (al-niṣf al-awwal) A classic two-volume anthology of Ismaili literature which served as a model for later compilations of the same kind. Volume one contains the following: (1) quotations from the Majālis (q.v.) of al-Mu’ayyad fi’l-Dīn al-Shīrāzī (q.v.) on the esoteric interpretation of ritual prayer; (2) quotations from al-Qāḍī al-Nu‘mān’s (q.v.) works; (3) extracts from Kitāb al-mas’ala wa’l-jawāb on the allegorical meaning of prayer; (4) Parts of Ja’far b. Manṣūr al-Yaman’s (q.v.) al-Shawāhid wa’l-bayān; (5) allegoric interpretation of the basmala; (6) esoteric interpretation of shahāda; (7) extracts from Risālat tarkīb al-jasad; (8) Risālat al-jawharayn by Muḥammad al-Ḥārithī; (9) a risāla from the Rasā’il of the Ikhwān al-Ṣafā’ (q.v.); (10) Kalām fi’l-tarbiyya by Muḥammad al-Ḥārithī; (11) Risāla fi’l-radd by Shahriyār b. al-Ḥasan, a dā‘ī in Persia at the time of the Fāṭimid Imam-caliph al-Mustanṣir (d.487/1094) who subsequently moved to Yemen where he served the Ṣulayḥid dynasty; (12) Risāla by Muḥammad al-Ḥārithī reproducing the official letter of the Fāṭimid Imam-caliph al-Āmir to the Ṣulayḥid al-Sayyida al-Ḥurra (d.532/1138) concerning the birth of al-Ṭayyib; (13) Risālat al-mabāḥith by Muḥammad al-Ḥārithī; (14) extract about body and soul; (15) work about the soul; (16) Risālat al-maṭbakh by Muḥammad b. ‘Alī b. Abī Yazīd who lived at the time of the Fāṭimid Imam-caliph al-Āmir; (17) on God; (18) on the designation of Imams; (19) Risāla fī ma‘rifat al-mawjūdāt by al-Dhu’ayb b. Mūsā al-Wādi‘ī; (20) Risālat al-mabāḥith al-tis‘a; (21) Risālat mulḥiqat al-adhhān by ‘Alī b. Muḥammad b. al-Walīd (q.v.); (22) ‘Alī b. Abī Ṭālib; (23) more extracts from the Rasā’il; (24) Risālat tuḥfat al-tālib by ‘Alī b. al-Ḥusayn b. Ja‘far b. Ibrāhīm al-Walīd (q.v.), other works in [33/867] and in [177/899]; (25) Greek philosophers, the Prophet Muḥammad and ‘Alī on eschatology; (26) on the value of education and the esoteric meaning of the pillars of Islam; (27) legal questions based on al-Qāḍī al-Nu‘mān’s work. b. Ḥasanjī b. ‘Alījān b. Jalāl, in Danpūjī (Dahanbūj). DATE: 20 Rabī‘ al-awwal 1121/29 May 1709. DESCRIPTION: 511 pp.; 13 lines per page; 235 × 148/170 × 97 mm.; clear black naskhī; heading and punctuation in red; additions and corrections in the margins; diagram in red on p. 127, text within black and red frame; worm-eaten with occasional loss of text. COPYIST: Mūsā

[30/1012] Same COPYIST: unknown. DATE: 24

Dhu’l-ḥijja 1297/26 November 1880. DESCRIPTION: 218 leaves; 14 lines per page; 190 × 120/123x75 mm.; clear black naskhī; headings, words and colophon in red; very few corrections in the margins; severely browned in the middle; pages torn and cracked with slight loss of text.

[31/953] Same ‘Abd al-Ḥusayn b. al-Shaykh Ḥusayn al-Nā’ib al-Yamānī. Copied at the time of Ṭāhir Sayf al-Dīn (q.v.), mentioned in the colophon. DATE: 11 Dhu’l-qa‘da 1347/20 April 1929. DESCRIPTION: 349 pp.; 15 lines per page; 218 × 135/145 × 100 mm.; black naskhī; headings, highlighted words or sentences and diagrams in red; copiously annotated in pencil, sometimes with interlinear Gujarati translation; diagrams on pp.98, 269, 302. COPYIST:

[32/961] Same COPYIST: unknown. DATE: n.d.

(late 13th/19th-early 14th/20th century). DESCRIPTION: 174 leaves; 14 lines per page; 219 × 138/120 × 80 mm.; black naskhī; titles occasionally in red; text area within printed frame and ruling; inner margins of ff. 171–4 torn with no loss of text; slightly soiled and water stained; defective in the middle, incomplete at the end.

[33/867] Same (al-niṣf al-thānī) Volume two deals with philosophy, controversy, ethics, etc. It contains extracts from: (1) al-Majālis al-Mu’ayyadiyya (q.v.) by al-Mu’ayyad fi’l-Dīn al-Shīrāzī (q.v.); (2) Risālat al-basmala [177/899] by ‘Alī b. al-Ḥusayn b. Ja‘far b. Ibrāhīm al-Walīd al-Anf al-Qurayshī (q.v.), other works in [29/937] and (15) below; (3) a short treatise on the soul, narrative of events relating to the Fāṭimid Imam-caliph al-’Azīz (d.386/996); (4) sayings of Socrates on the soul; (5) a short story on Luqmān; (6) a work on the search of knowledge based on Traditions of the Prophet and the Imams; (7) extracts from al-Ghurar wa’l-durar by Twelver Shī‘ī theologian al-Sharīf al-Murtaḍā (d.436/1044) on ‘Alī’s views on predestination and free will; (8) a philosophical work on the soul based on Aristotle; (9) excerpts from Muḥammad al-Nasafī; (10) Risālat maḥajjat al-irshād; (11) Risāla fī bayān i’jāz al-Qur’ān by al-Sulṭān al-Khaṭṭābb. al-Ḥasan (q.v.), other work in [115/918]; (12) Risāla fi’l-imāma by Abu’l-Fawāris Aḥmad b. Ya’qūb (d.413/1022); (13) a risāla; (14) a work on ta’wīl; (15) Risāla fi’l-baḥth by ‘Alī b. al-Ḥusayn b. Ja‘far b. Ibrāhīm al-Walīd al-Anf al-Qurayshī (q.v.), other works in [29/937], [177/899] and (2) above; (16) a story concerning rice; (17) Risālat al-lā’iḥa; (18) Risāla ilā jamā‘at ahl al-Rayy by Abu’l-Fawāris al-Ḥasan al-Mīmadhī (q.v.), other work in [160/1039]. Ghulām ‘Alī b. ‘Abd al-Ḥusayn Shūrā. Copied at the time of Abū Muḥammad Ṭāhir Sayf al-Dīn (q.v.), mentioned in the colophon. DATE: (1) 22 Sha‘bān 1348/22 January 1930. DESCRIPTION: 185 leaves; 12 lines per page; 226 × 166/145 × 109 mm.; very clear black naskhī; headings in red; pencilled annotations and corrections; diagram on leaf 13v. COPYIST: Mullā

[34/932] Same COPYIST: unknown. DATE: n.d.

(12th/18th century). DESCRIPTION: 73 leaves; 17 lines per page; 225 × 132/195 × 90 mm.; black naskhī; titles and occasional words in red; scarcely annotated in the margins; slightly worm-eaten, with occasional loss of text; incomplete at the beginning, this copy ends with an incomplete version of Risāla fī bayān i‘jāz al-Qur’ān by Khaṭṭāb b. al-Ḥasan. REFERENCES:

Fyzee, CFM, p.220; Gacek, IIS, vol. 1 (no.86); Gacek, SOAS, 196; GAL, SI, p.715; Ivanow, IL, 205; Poonawala, pp.144–8 (no.1); Tritton, pp.35–7.

[35/886] al-Risāla al-ḥātimiyya fi’l-radd ‘alā ba‘ḍ al-māriqān A refutation of a treatise written by a dissident member of the Ṭayyibī da‘wa whose name is not mentioned in this work. Divided into 12 fuṣūl, each section begins with a statement by the dissident followed by a refutation. The controversy revolves around questions dealing with the appointment of a dā‘ī, the respect which must be paid to a dā‘ī and his approval of actions seen as nonconforming to Islam by the anonymous dissident. This text reflects the confusion which affected the da‘wa following the decline of the Musta‘lian line of descent within the Fāṭimid dynasty. This risāla contains extensive quotations from Ḥamīd al-Dīn al-Kirmānī (q.v.), al-Mu’ayyad fi’l-Dīn al-Shīrāzī (q.v.) and al-Qāḍīal-Nu‘mān (q.v.). COPYIST: ‘Abbās b.

Mullā Muḥammad ‘Alī, in Rāmpūr. DATE: 5 Rabī‘ al-ākhir 1341/24 November 1922. DESCRIPTION: 68 leaves; 10 lines per page; 156 × 115/100 × 70 mm.; black naskhī; slightly worm-eaten. REFERENCES:

Gacek, IIS, vol. 1 (no. 114); Goriawala, 86–8; Ivanow, IL, 206; al-Majdū‘, p.90; Poonawala, p.

149 (no.5).

Idrīs ‘Imād al-Dīn [b. al-Hasan b. ‘Abd Allāh b. ‘Alī al-Qurayshī] Born in the fortress of Shibām in Harāz (Yemen) in 794/1392, Idrīs was from the prestigious al-Walīd family of al-Quraysh to which a number of dā‘īs had already belonged. He himself became the 19th dā‘ī muṭlaq in 832/1428. Soon after his appointment, Idrīs became involved in local disputes siding, like his predecessor , with the Ghassānid kings of lower Yemen against the Zaydīs. He greatly promoted the development of the da‘wa in India, paving the way for the subsequent transfer of its activity there. Idrīs is best known as one of the most celebrated and reliable Ismaili historians. He also wrote theological and poetical works. He died in 872/1468.

[36/910] Diyā’ al-baṣā’ir wa zubdat al-sarā’ir

This work consists of nine answers to questions posed by Ismaili dignitaries, based on well known Ismaili works. The first refers to a statement in the ‘Aqīdat al-muwaḥḥidīn (q.v.) by Ḥusayn b. ‘Alī b. Muḥammad b. al-Walīd (q.v.) concerning negation or affirmation of a statement on God. The second answer is prompted by a statement in the Ta’wīl al-da‘ā’im (q.v.) of al-Qāḍī al-Nu‘mān (q.v.). The third deals with philosophy and sharī‘a. The fourth concerns the First Intellect and creation. The fifth is about Ismā‘īl b. Ja‘far al-Ṣādiq. Number six deals with the ranks (ḥudūd) as outlined by Ḥātim b. Ibrāhīm al-Ḥāmidī (q.v.). Number seven again concerns the First Intellect and is based on the Asrār al-nuṭaqā’ (q.v.) by Ja‘far b. Manṣūr al-Yaman (q.v.). The eighth answer is about soul and body, based on the Risālat al-ma‘ād of al-Mu’ayyad fi’l-Dīn al-Shīrāzī (q.v.). Number nine consists of answers derived from miscellaneous early Ismaili works. COPYIST: unknown. DATE: n.d.

(14th/20th century). DESCRIPTION: 78 leaves; 11 lines per page; 192 × 112/110 × 60 mm.; clear black naskhī within printed green frame; ruled; slightly worm-eaten; incomplete at the end. REFERENCES:

Gacek, IIS, vol. 1 (no. 18); Ivanow, IL, 283; Goriawala, 134; al-Majdū‘, pp.239–42; Poonawala,

p.173 (no.5).

[37/935] Īḍāḥ al-i‘lām wa ibānat al-hidāya fī kamāl ‘iddat al-ṣiyām A short treatise on the esoteric significance of the month of Ramaḍān, asserting that the beginning of the fast should be established on the basis of astronomical calculation and not by sighting of the new moon. It is based on the Majālis (q.v.) of al-Mu’ayyad fi’l-Dīn al-Shīrāzī (q.v.). The text is followed at the end (pp.40–3) by part of an unidentified work on the reckoning of years, months and days. Ṭayyib b. Mullā Sulṭān ‘Alī. Copied at the time of Abū Muḥammad ‘Abd al-Qādir Najm al-Dīn (q.v.), mentioned in the colophon. DATE: After the fajr prayer, 3 Rajab 1261/7 july 1845. DESCRIPTION: 43 pp.; 20 lines per page; 193 × 115/153 × 90 mm.; black naskhī; red headings and punctuation; some corrections and additions in margins (written in blue ink on ff.1r–2r); defective at the beginning. COPYIST:

REFERENCES: Gacek,

IIS, vol.1 (no.29); Ivanow, IL, 276; Poonawala, p.174 (no.7).

[38/943] Mudḥiḍat al-buhtān wa mūḍiḥat ḥaqq al-ḥujja fi ṣiyām shahr Ramaḍān In keeping with [37/935], this short treatise consists of a refutation of the practice of beginning the fast of Ramaḍān and the ‘īd al-fiṭr on the basis of the sighting of the new moon. The author maintains that both should be determined by mathematical calculation. COPYIST: Ghulām ‘Alī Mullā

Akbar ‘Alī b. Mullā ‘Alā’ Bakhshjī, of Wālāsandūr.

DATE: 13

Jumāda’l-ūkhrā 1299/1 May 1882. DESCRIPTION: 25 pp.; 15 lines per page; 217 × 130/150 × 80 mm.; crude black naskhī; several marginal corrections and annotations; holes with loss of text in the first 2 leaves. REFERENCES: Gacek,

IIS, vol. 1 (no.94); Goriawala, 137; Ivanow, IL, 281; Poonawala, p.174 (no.8).

[39/909] Risālat al-bayān li-mā wajab fī ma‘nā niṣf shahr rajab (or R. al-bayān li-mā wajab min ma‘rifat al-ṣalāt, or R. … fī ta’wīl shahr rajab) A short treatise in three chapters, providing an esoteric explanation for the excellence of the months of Rajab, Sha‘bān and Ramaḍān. Events like the fasting on the ayyām al-bīḍ (13, 14 and 15 Rajab) and the bath to be taken at noon of 15 Rajab are also allegorically explained. The last part of the work deals with obligatory and devotional prayers and recitation of the Qur’ān. COPYIST:

Yūsuf al-Hamdānī. Copied at the time of Abū Muḥammad Ṭāhir Sayf al-Dīn (q.v.), mentioned in the

colophon. DATE: The night of 17 Sha‘bān 1341/3 April 1923. DESCRIPTION: 50 leaves; 18 lines per page; 190 × 110/135 × 68 mm.; black naskhī; headings in red, within ruled red frame; a very few marginal corrections, sometimes in pencil. REFERENCES:

Gacek, IIS, vol. 1 (no.130); Gacek, SOAS, 282; Goriawala, 135–6; Ivanow, IL, 274; al-Majdū‘, pp.150–1; Poonawala, pp. 173–4 (no.6).

[40/1021] ‘Uyūn al-akhbār wa funūn al-āthār fī dhikr al-nabī al-muṣṭafā al-mukhtār wa waṣī-hi wa āli-hi (al-sub‘ al-thānī) The ‘Uyūn al-akhbār, a seven-volume work, is the most comprehensive Ismaili primary source on the history of the Ismaili da‘wa up to the time of the Ḥāfiẓī/Ṭayyibī split. The importance of the ‘Uyūn rests equally on the fact that, being based on earlier sources, it preserves in quotation extracts from invaluable Ismaili historical works of the 4th/10th century, now lost. This second volume deals mainly with the biography of ‘Alī b. Abī Ṭālib. COPYIST: unknown. DATE: n.d.

(first quarter of 14th/20th century). DESCRIPTION: 220 leaves; 17 lines per page; 205 × 135/150 × 78 mm.; clear black naskhī; title, headings, stanza dividers, words, and, occasionally, corrections, additions and annotations in the margins in red; worm-eaten and soiled but text only very slightly affected; incomplete at the end.

[41/1002]

Same (al-sub‘ al-rābi‘) Volume four deals with the biographies of the Imams from Ḥusayn b. ‘Alī to Taqī Aḥmad b. ‘Abd Allāh, the second of the hidden Imams in the intervening period between the death of Muḥammad b. Ismā‘īl b. Ja‘far al-Ṣādiq and the founder of the Fāṭimid dynasty al-Mahdī (d.322/934). COPYIST: unknown. DATE: n.d.

(late 12th/18th–first half of 13th/19th century). DESCRIPTION: 375 pp.; 19 lines per page; 250 × 145/185 × 98 mm.; clear black naskhī; title, headings, occasional words and marginal annotations in red; corrections, additions and annotations, some in pencil, in the margins; slightly soiled and stained, holes on pp. 194–201 with slight loss of text; crudely restored throughout.

[42/995] Same (extract of al-sub‘ al-rābi’) COPYIST: unknown. DATE: n.d.

(first quarter of 14th/20th century). DESCRIPTION: 65 leaves (in 8 loose gatherings plus one leaf); 15 lines per page; 198 × 114/132 × 78 mm.; clear black naskhī; corrections and additions in the margins, sometimes in pencil, incomplete at the end. This manuscript is accompanied by two more separate sets of leaves numbered I–VIII (this in different handwriting) and X–XVII, consisting of further extracts from the ‘Uyūn.

[43/1005] Same (al-sub‘ al-khāmis) This is the fifth volume which covers the period of Ismaili history from the origins of the da‘wa in Yemen and North Africa to the reigns of the Fāṭimid Imam-caliphs al-Mahdī and al-Qā’im (d.334/946). The work is heavily based on treatises of al-Qāḍī al-Nu‘mān (q.v.) such as Ma‘ālim al-Mahdī, the Majālis (q.v.) and the Iftitāḥ (q.v.), an anonymous biography of al-Mahdī, the biography of Ja‘far, al-Mahdī’s chamberlain (q.v.) and the Wafayāt al-a‘yān of Ibn Khallikān (d.681/1282). Amīn b. ‘Alī al-Kāthyāwārī al-Gādhakarwī, in Burhānpūr, ‘seat of the shrine of ‘Abd al-Qādir Ḥakīm ma’dhūn of ‘Abd al-Ṭayyib Zakī al-Dīn b. Ismā‘īl Badr al-Dīn12 and of Jīwanjī b. Dā’ūdbhā’ī’.13 DATE: Wednesday 16 Jumāda’l-ākhir 1339, corresponding to (muṭābiq) 23 February 1921. DESCRIPTION: 750 pp.; 15 lines per page; 203 × 132/150 × 70 mm.; black naskhī; title and one line on page 2 in red; a very few corrections and additions in the margins. COPYIST:

al-Dīn,11

REFERENCES: Gacek,

IIS, vol. 1 (no.163 C–D, H–K, J–L); Ivanow, IL, 270; Poonawala, pp. 170–1. EDITIONS: Idrīs ‘Imād al-Dīn, ‘Uyūn al-akhbār wa funūn al-āthār, ed. M. Ghālib, Beirut, 1973, 1975, 1984, vols 4–6; Muḥammad al-Ya‘lāwī (ed.), Tā’rīkh al-khulafā’ al-fāṭimiyyīn bi’l-Maghrib, al-qism al-khāṣṣ min kitāb ‘uyūn al-akhbār, Beirut, 1985, vol. 5 and part of 6. EXTRACTS: S.M. Stern, ‘Ismā‘īlī Propaganda and Fatimid Rule in Sind,’ Islamic Culture, 23 (1949), pp.298–307 rep. in Studies in Early Ismā‘īlism, Jerusalem and Leiden, 1983, pp. 177–88; S.M. Stern, ‘The Succession to the

Fatimid Imam al-Āmir, the Claims of the Later Fatimids to the Imamate, and the Rise of Ṭayyibī Ismailism,’ Oriens, 4 (1951–1955), pp.193–255; S.M. Stern, ‘Al-Mahdī’s Reign According to the ‘Uyūn al-Akhbār,’ rep. in Studies in Early Ismā‘īlism, 1983, pp.96–145.

Ikhwān al-Ṣafā’ Modern scholarship has come forward with a substantial number of theories regarding the identity of the person or persons under the name of Ikhwān al-Ṣafā’ (Brethren of Purity). Yet, so far no general agreement has been reached on the subject. The Ikhwān are usually described as a brotherhood of learned men from Baghdād or Baṣra, active in the 4th/10th century. At first believed to be linked with the Mu‘tazilīs or the Ithnā‘asharīs, the Ismaili character of their teachings is now virtually undisputed. One of their supposed contemporaries, Abū Ḥayyān al-Tawḥīdī, gives their names as Zayd b. Rifā‘a, Abū Sulaymān Muḥammad b. Ma‘shar al-Bustī known as al-Maqdisī, Abu’l-Ḥasan ‘Alī b. Hārūn al-Zanjānī, Abū Aḥmad al-Nahrajūrī and al-‘Awfī. However, ‘Abbās Hamdānī in recent research rejects al-Tawḥīdī’s attribution altogether and actually places the composition of the Rasā’il the 3rd/9th century, shortly before the foundation of the Fāṭimid caliphate in 297/909. Traditionally the Ismailis have attributed the authorship of the Rasā’il to the second of the early hidden Imams, Aḥmad b. ‘Abd Allāh (see Idrīs ‘Imād al-Dīn, q.v.).

[44/1040] Rasā’il Ikhwān al-Ṣafā’ wa khullān al-wafā’ (al-niṣf al-awwal and part of the second half). Fifty-two in total, the Rasā’il (epistles) represent a compendium of all sciences known up to the time of their composition, showing strong Pythagorean, Platonic, Aristotelian and other influences. They are grouped into four sections: mathematics, logic, physics and metaphysics. They deal with the need to acquire knowledge, have sound opinions, and to develop a noble character and ethical conduct; practical sciences; juridical sciences such as Qur’ānic and ḥadīth studies, as well as their commentaries and interpretations; philosophic or prophetic sciences, that is the sciences of faith whose aim is to guide the soul to its original purity. COPYIST: al-Ḥasan

b. al-Nu‘mānī al-Ismā‘īlī. Probably copied in Persia. DATE: Sha‘bān 953/October 1546. DESCRIPTION: 3 fly-leaves, 746 leaves (753 numbered); 21 lines per page; 300 × 190/195 × 100 mm.; elegant black naskhī; occasional words and diagrams in red; illuminated double-page opening with polychrome head-piece and text within gold ‘clouds’; headings in white on illuminated panels; text within gold, red and blue frame; numerous diagrams and grids; some annotations and corrections in the margins (occasionally in red); old paper restorations, worm-eaten, hole with loss of text on f. 162; 18th-century Persian purple morocco binding with blind-stamped medallions and cartouches on both covers; defective in the middle and incomplete at the end.

[45/927] Same (selections and extracts) COPYIST: Isḥāq

b. al-Shaykh al-Fāḍil Sulaymānjī, in Shāhjahānpūr.

DATE: Friday

18 Sha‘bān 1311/23 February 1894. DESCRIPTION: 145 pp.; 16 lines per page; 218 × 135/150 × 75 mm.; clear black naskhī; punctuation and some of the marginal corrections and additions in red; 19th-century western-style morocco binding, gilt. REFERENCES: Gacek,

IIS, vol. 1 (no.110); GAL I, p.237, SI, p.379–80; Ivanow, IL, 12. EDITIONS AND STUDIES: For a list of complete or partial editions, translations and main studies of the epistles, see. I.R. Netton, Muslim Neoplatonists: An Introduction to the Thought of the Brethren of Purity (Ikhwān al-Ṣafā’), London, 1982; Daftary, The Ismā‘īlīs, p.650 note 256; p.651 note 265; Poonawala, p.374. See also A. Hamdani, ‘A Critique of Paul Casanova’s Dating of the Rasā’il Ikhwān al-Ṣafā’,’ in Daftary, MIHT, pp. 145-52, for further comments and bibliography. The latest edition in 5 vols was published by ‘Ārif Tāmir in Beirut in 1995.

[46/992] al-Risāla al-jāmi‘a (al-niṣf al-awwal) The first volume of the abridged version of the Rasā’il. In the Jāmi‘a each epistle is summarised by leaving out the ‘technical’ aspects of the sciences dealt with and concentrating on the core aspects of the exposition. Intended for advanced students, obscure points in the main text are here clarified by the use of a more direct language or by the addition of arguments and examples. COPYIST: Amīn

b. ‘Alī al-Kātihyāwārī al-Gādahkarwī. DATE: Thursday 1 Muḥarram 1338, corresponding to (muṭābiq) 25 September 1919. DESCRIPTION: 420 pp.; 15 lines per page; 206 × 135/160 × 75 mm.; black naskhī; tide and a few words in red.

[47/1004] Same Salām Ḥusayn b. Mullā Muḥammad ‘Alī al-Burhānpūrī, in Burhānpūr. Written for his sister Kulthūmbā’ī, wife of Ṭāhirbhā’ī al-Kamkhwābwālā, in Sūrat, as stated in the colophon. DATE: Thursday 1 Muḥarram 1378, corresponding to (muṭābiq) 17 July 1958. DESCRIPTION: 371 pp.; 15 lines per page; 220 × 143/145 × 75 mm.; clear black naskhī; tide, invocations and words in red; ‘faṣl’ in pencil throughout. COPYIST:

[48/1009] Same (al-niṣf al-thānī) COPYIST: unknown. DATE: n.d.

(first quarter of 14th/20th century). DESCRIPTION: 387 pp. (pages 379–86 missing); 15 lines per page; 222 × 143/160 × 70 mm.; black naskhī; tide, headings and words in red; occasional pencilled annotations; glossa in blue ink pasted on p.2; incomplete at the end.

Ikhwān al-Ṣafā’, al-Risāla al-jāmi‘a, ed. J. Ṣalībā, Damascus, 1949, 2 vols. Another edition was published by M. Ghālib in Beirut in 1974. EDITIONS:

[49/1000] Risālat jāmi‘at al-jāmi‘a (or Masā’il fi’l-ḥaqā’iq, or Risālat majmū‘a min rasā’il Ikhwān al-Ṣafā’) The abridged version of some sections selected from the Rasā’il. The contents in this manuscript do not always coincide with those in ‘Ārif Tāmir’s editions. Allāh b. Muḥammad Ḥamdūsh. DATE: 1271/1854. DESCRIPTION: 263 pp.; 13 lines per page; 175 × 112/130 × 75 mm.; clear black naskhī; tide, headings and part of the colophon in red; page numbering in blue, later hand; brown diced sheepskin binding, with flap. COPYIST: ‘Abd

[50/914] Same COPYIST: Miyā

Ma’mūjī b. ‘Alī Pā’īn b. Tājkhān b. Khūj. DATE: n.d. (mid 13th/19th century). DESCRIPTION: 189 pp.; approx. 13 lines per page; 179 × 135/135 × 90 mm.; uneven black naskhī; title and occasional words in red; several corrections and annotations in the margins; purple calf binding with blindstamped frames and central medallions on the covers, without flap. See also [155/1033]. REFERENCES: Goriawala,

9. See Gacek, IIS, vol. 1 (no.93). EDITIONS: Ikhwān al-Ṣafā’, Risālat jāmi‘at al-jāmi‘a, ed. ‘Ā. Tāmir, Beirut, 1959 and Beirut, 1982.

Ja‘far b. Manṣūr al-Yaman [Abu’l-Qāsim Ja‘far b. al-Ḥasan b. Faraj b. Ḥawshab] Son of Ibn Ḥawshab Manṣūr al-Yaman, the dā‘ī who was mainly responsible for the establishment of the Fāṭimid mission in Yemen, Ja‘far arrived in North Africa from Yemen soon after the accession of the Fāṭimid Imam-caliph al-Qā’im in 322/934. During the reign of the latter’s successor, al-Manṣūr (334–341/946–953), Ja‘far took part in the struggle against the Khārijī rebel Abū Yazīd (d.336/947). He enjoyed patronage at the Fāṭimid court where he spent most of his life and came to occupy the rank of bāb in the hierarchy of the da‘wa at the time of al-Mu‘izz. He must be regarded, together with al-Qāḍī al-Nu‘mān (q.v.), as one of the foremost authorities on Ismaili ta’wīl.

[51/984] Asrār al-nuṭaqā’ It has been suggested that this work was written around 380/990, but there is no strong evidence to support such a claim. It contains allegorical interpretations of mythological figures, stories shared by both the Bible and the

Qur’ān, and the prophets from Ādam to Muḥammad. However, the author’s main aim is to prove the validity of Ismā‘īl b. Ja‘far’s claim to the Imamate by taking a polemical stance against his opponents. The first part of tins work is virtually identical to another book by the same audior, Sarā’ir al-nuṭaqā’, composed at an earlier stage. The Asrār may, therefore, be regarded as an extended and updated version of the Sarā’ir. COPYIST: ‘Abd

al-Ḥusayn b. ‘Alī Muḥammad al-Mandasūrī. DATE: 28 Shawwāl 1336/6 August 1918. DESCRIPTION: 1 fly-leaf with partial index, 325 pp.; 16 lines per page; 220 × 140/140 × 80 mm.; clear black naskhī; some headings and annotations in the margins in red; one large wormhole throughout, not affecting the text. REFERENCES: Gacek, IIS, vol. 1 (no. 11); Ivanow, IL, 14; Poonawala, p.72 (no.3). EDITIONS: Ja‘far b. Manṣūr al-Yaman, Sarā’ir wa asrār al-nuṭaqā’, ed. M. Ghālib, Beirut, 1404/1984. EXTRACTS: Ivanow, IT, pp.275–304 (Eng.); pp.81–106 (Ar.).

[52/1013] Kitāb al-‘ālim wa’l-ghulām A work generally attributed to Ja‘far b. Manṣūr al-Yaman consisting of a dialogue between a master and a pupil who is progressively initiated into the Ismaili esoteric doctrine. The text, which belongs to the early period of Ismailism, contains pre-Fāṭimid doctrines, particularly of cosmology. COPYIST: unknown. DATE: 23

Shawwāl 1353/28 January 1935. DESCRIPTION: 155 pp.; 11 lines per page; 200 × 135/135 × 80 mm.; clear black naskhī; title, headings and words in red; text within red block-stamped frame. REFERENCES:

Gacek, IIS, vol.1 (no.6); GAL, SI, p.324; Goriawala, 17; Ivanow, IL, 10; al-Majdū‘, pp.134–5; Poonawala, p.74 (no.14). EDITIONS: M. Ghālib (ed.), Arba‘kutub ḥaqqāniyya, Beirut, 1403/1983, pp. 13–75. SUMMARIES: W. Ivanow, Studies in Early Persian Ismailism, 2nd ed., Bombay, 1955, pp.61–86; H. Corbin, Ismaili Initiation or Esotericism and the Word, London, 1981, being the English translation from French of ‘L’initiation Ismaélienne ou l’ésotérisme et le Verbe,’ Eranos-Jahrbuch, 39 (1970), pp.41–142. STUDIES: H. Corbin, ‘Un roman initiatique Ismaélien,’ Cahièrs de Civilisation Médiévale, 15 (1972), pp.1–25, 121–42.

[53/928] Kitāb al-farā’iḍ wa ḥudūd al-dīn An important Ismaili work, also containing the paraphrased version of a letter sent by the first Fāṭimid Imam-caliph al-Mahdī to one of the Yemeni dā‘īs, possibly Ja‘far himself. The letter contains controversial and somewhat puzzling information regarding the genealogy of the Fāṭimids. The work also deals with the allegorical interpretation of parts of the Qur’ān, in particular the Sūra Yūsuf and Sūra al-Kahf.

COPYIST: unknown. DATE: n.d.

(13th/19th century). DESCRIPTION: 183 pp.; 18 lines per page; 215 × 140/145 × 85 mm.; black and red naskhī; some corrections in the margins; 19th-century russet morocco binding with blind stamped central medallions and ruled frames on both covers, without flap. REFERENCES:

Gacek, IIS, vol. 1 (no.49); GAL, SI, p.324; Goriawala, 20; al-Majdū‘, pp. 187–8; Poonawala,

p.73 (no.6). EXTRACTS: H. Hamdani, On the Genealogy of the Fatimid Caliphs, Cairo, 1958; A. Hamdani–F. de Blois, ‘A Re-examination of al-Mahdī’s Letter to the Yemenites on the Genealogy of the Fatimid Caliphs,’JRAS, (1983), pp.173–207.

[54/1028] Kitāb ta’wīl al-zakāt Written probably during the last year of al-Mu‘izz’s reign (341–365/953–975). this treatise deals with the Prophet Muḥammad, the position of waṣī, allegorical meanings contained in the verses of the Qur’ān and the ḥadīth, and in particular those dealing with the subject of religious dues. COPYIST: Chānd

Khān Allāh Bakhshjī Rāmpūrī, in Bandar Sūsa. DATE: Wednesday 29 Jumāda’l-thāniyya 1291/12 August 1874. DESCRIPTION: 164 pp.; 14 lines per page (pp.1–31) and 23 to 27 lines (rest of text); 202 × 140/130 × 90 mm.; 150 × 90 mm.; black naskhī; corrections, additions and annotations on the margins; brittle paper, pages cracked with slight loss of text at the beginning. See also [177/899], attributed. REFERENCES: Gacek,

IIS, vol. 1 (no. 155); Ivanow, IL, 17; al-Majdū‘, p.260; Poonawala, p.73 (no.8). EXTRACTS: I. Goldziher, Streitschrift des Gazālī gegen die Bāṭinijja-Sekte, Leiden, 1916, pp.23–4 (note 4).

al-Kirmānī, Ḥamīd al-Dīn [Aḥmad b. ‘Abd Allāh] Given the importance of al-Kirmānī as a theologian, philosopher and prolific writer, it is surprising to find that there is no record on him in histories and chronicles, with the exception of late Ṭayyibī sources. Virtually all that is known about his life and activities is derived from information provided by al-Kirmānī himself in his own works. Originally from Kirmān, as his nisba indicates, al-Kirmānī became a very prominent dā‘ī in Iraq, particularly in Baghdad, during the reign of the Fāṭimid Imam-caliph al-Ḥākim bi-Amr Allāh (386–411/996–1021). In the early years of the 5th/11th century al-Kirmānī went to Cairo, invited by the dā‘ī al-du‘āt Khatikīn and by the caliph himself, to intervene in a doctrinal dispute among the dā‘īs. Some of the dā‘īs involved in this debate became eventually the founders of the Druze movement. Later al-Kirmānī returned to Iraq where he completed in 411/1020–1 his most important work, Rāḥat al-‘aql (q.v.). His exact date of death is unknown although it may be placed soon after 411/1020. In fact, there is evidence that al-Kirmānī was

still active around the time of al-Ḥākim’s disappearance. At the same time none of his works appears to be dedicated to al-Ḥākim’s successor, al-Ẓāhir. The profound influence left by al-Kirmānī’s writings can be found in the Ṭayyibī literature preserved in Yemen and India, strongly represented in this collection.

[55/884] al-Aqwāl al-dhahabiyya wa’l-ṭibb al-rūḥānī (or al-Aqwāl al-dhahabiyya fi’l-ṭibb al-rūḥānī)

A work on the nature of the soul and a refutation of Abū Bakr Zakariyyā’ al-Rāzī’s (Rhazes, d.313/925) al-Ṭibb al-rūḥānī, previously refuted by Abū Ḥātim al-Rāzī (d.322/934) in his A‘lām al-nubūwwa. Al-Kirmānī’s purpose here is to defend and improve the work of the latter. In the present treatise quotations from al-Ṭibb al-rūḥānī are followed by lengthy commentaries and arguments. At the beginning of the text, al-Kirmānī refers to his own work, Kitāb fī iklīl al-nafs wa tāji-hā. In the first part of his work he is mainly concerned with the criticism of the Ṭibb, refuting in particular Rhazes’ understanding of the word ‘intellect’ and opposing the idea of reincarnation and transmigration of the soul. In the second part, the author expounds his own ideas on the nature of the soul, its immortality, diseases, cures, etc. Overall, while acknowledging Abū Bakr’s authority in the treatment of physical illnesses, al-Kirmānī questions his qualification to cure diseases of the soul. This, he maintains, is a prerogative of the living Imam and the da‘wa. COPYIST:

Mullā Ghulām ‘Alī b. ‘Abd al-Ḥusayn Shūrā, in Mumba’ī. Copied at the time of Abū Muḥammad Ṭāhir Sayf al-Dīn (q.v.), mentioned in the colophon. DATE: Sunday 22 Dhu’l-qa‘da 1358/2 January 1940. DESCRIPTION: 222 pp.; 14 lines per page; 167 × 102/125 × 65 mm.; clear black naskhī; page numbering, headings and punctuation in red; a few pencilled annotations in the margins; slightly worm-eaten. REFERENCES: GAL,

SI, p.325; Ivanow, IL, 128; al-Majdū‘, pp.176–9; Poonawala, p.97 (no.3). EDITIONS: Ḥamīd al-Dīn al-Kirmānī, al-Aqwāl al-dhahabiyya (Golden Sayings), ed. and intro. Ṣ. al-Ṣāwī (English intro. S. Hossein Nasr), Tehran, 1977. Another edition by M. Ghālib was issued in the same year in Beirut. In 1978 ‘Abd al-Laṭīf al-‘Abd published in Cairo a collected edition including, besides the present work, al-Ṭibb al-rūḥānī and Abū Ḥātim al-Rāzī’s al-Munāẓarāt.

[56/866] Ma‘āṣim al-hudā wa’l-iṣāba fī taf ḍīl ‘Alī ‘alā al-ṣaḥāba (al-juz’ al-thānī) The second part of a refutation of Kitāb al-‘Uthmāniyya by Abū ‘Uthmān ‘Amr b. Bahr al-Jāḥiẓ (d.255/869) where al-Kirmānī attacks ‘Abbāsid pretensions while ultimately defending the Fāṭimid rights to the Imamate. The argument here aims at proving the superiority of ‘Alī b. Abī Ṭālib over ‘Uthmān and ‘Umar. As with other existing manuscripts, the first part of the work is missing here. It starts with the 31st section (of 64) of the third chapter, dealing with the superiority of ‘Alī over the other Companions of the Prophet. Chapter four, in 16 sections, is about the qualities shared by ‘Alī and Abū Bakr and ‘Alī’s excellence. Chapter five contains an exposition on ‘Alī’s right to the Imamate and his nomination as the Prophet’s successor. The special status granted here to Abū Bakr is very much in keeping with al-Ḥākim’s dictate that the Companions of the Prophet were to be mentioned only for the good they had done during the time of the Prophet.

COPYIST: ‘Abbās b.

Mullā Muḥammad ‘Alī al-Pūrī. DATE: 14 Dhu’l-ḥijja 1340/7 August 1922. DESCRIPTION: 109 leaves; 18 lines per page; 224 × 139/153 × 90 mm.; black naskhī; red headings; a few marginal annotations and corrections; slightly worm-eaten. REFERENCES:

Gacek, IIS, vol. 1 (no.69); GAL, SI, p.325; Goriawala, 51; Ivanow, IL, 126; al-Majdū‘, pp.95–6; Poonawala, p.98 (no.8).

[57/982] Kitāb al-maṣābīḥ fī ithbāt al-imāma Written around 404/1013 with the object of winning Fakhr al-Mulk (d.407/1016), Shī’ī Buyid vizier of Iraq, to the Ismaili cause, the work is divided into two main parts (maqālāt), each subdivided in maṣābīḥ, which are in turn divided into barāhīn. The first main section deals with God, the soul, the hereafter, allegory and prophethood. The second part of the work concentrates on the Imamate. Arguments centre around the validity of the Imamate, the infallibility of the Imam, etc., to end with an argument in favour of ‘Alī as the first Imam and the rights of his descendants down to al-Ḥākim. Here al-Kirmānī’s theory of Imamate is more defined and is written as a philosophical backing to al-Ḥākim’s position. In this work al-Kirmānī refers to Jewish and Christian sources which he quotes both in Hebrew and Syriac. COPYIST: unknown. DATE: 7

Muḥarram 1329/7 January 1911. DESCRIPTION: 235 pp.; 8 lines per page; 150 × 124/90 × 62 mm.; clear black naskhī; title, headings and grids of diagrams in red; corrections and additions in the margins; diagrams on pp. 156, 157, 166, 167, 168, 169, 171; slightly worm-eaten; first and last pages cropped but text not affected.

[58/907] Same COPYIST: ‘Abbās b.

Mullā Muḥammad ‘Alī, in Ranjbār. DATE: Sunday 27 Ramaḍān 1336/6 July 1918. DESCRIPTION: 97 leaves; 13 lines per page; 178 × 110/115 × 60 mm.; black naskhī; headings in red, marginal annotations and corrections mostly in pencil; diagrams on ff.70v, 71r, 74r–v, 75r–v, 76r–v, 82r–v, 91v, 96v; slightly worm-eaten.

[59/980] Same Ṣāliḥ walad Burj‘alī, of Jāwdī. Copied at the time of Abū Muḥammad Ṭāhir Sayf al-Dīn (q.v.), mentioned in the colophon. DATE: 15 Rabī‘ al-thānī 1356/24 June 1937. DESCRIPTION: 141 pp.; 15 lines per page; 217 × 143/152 × 78 mm.; clear black naskhī; headings, most grids of COPYIST:

diagrams and colophon in red; copious pencilled (occasionally ink) annotations and corrections in the margins and text area; diagram on p.105. REFERENCES: Gacek,

IIS, vol. 1 (no.55); GAL, SI, p.325; Goriawala, 52; al-Majdū‘, pp.121–3; Poonawala, p.98

(no.7). al-Dīn al-Kirmānī, Maṣābīḥ fī ithbāt al-imāma, ed. M. Ghālib, Beirut, 1389/1969. EXTRACTS: A. Baumstark, ‘Zu den Schriftzitaten al-Kirmānīs,’ Der Islam, 20 (1932), pp.308–13; P. Kraus, ‘Hebräische und syrische Zitate in ismā‘īlītischen Schriften,’ Der Islam, 19 (1930), pp.243–63; rep. in P. Kraus, Alchémie, Ketzerei, Apokryphen im frühen Islam, ed., R. Brague, Hildesheim, 1994, pp. 3–23. EDITIONS: Ḥamīd

[60/989] Rāḥat al-‘aql (al-ni ṣf al-thānī: sūr 7). This is a summa of Fāṭimid Ismaili philosophy for students already versed in the ideas expounded by al-Kirmānī’s predecessors. It consists of seven chapters, aswār (ramparts) divided in turn into sub-sections called mashāri‘ (thoroughfares). This is the second of what was originally a two-volume manuscript, consisting of sūr 7, in 13 mashāri‘, on intellectual beings and material bodies, natural kingdoms, sensitive and rational soul, and the resurrection. The work as a whole is intended to provide the Fāṭimid religious structure with intellectual and metaphysical support. Here, al-Kirmānī elaborates a cosmology based on a system of correspondences between four realms: the realm of divine creation (‘ālam al-ibdā‘) which contains only spiritual beings; the realm of corporeal existence (‘ālam al-jism) pertaining to the natural world; the realm of religion (‘ālam al-dīn) which is the world of the Ismaili da‘wa hierarchy, and the realm of the Resurrector (al-Qā’im). In his exposition of the world of creation, al-Kirmānī elaborates a doctrine of 10 separate intellects influenced by Neoplatonic and Aristotelian philosophical traditions. This is arguably one of the most important and comprehensive expositions of medieval Ismaili philosophical thought. COPYIST: unknown. DATE: Friday

1 Jumāda’l-ākhir 1177/6 December 1763. DESCRIPTION: 172 leaves; 17 lines per page; 240 × 148/163 × 80 mm.; clear black naskhī; title, headings and, partially, page numbers and some marginal annotations in red; corrections and additions in the margins; diagram on folio 82v; purple sheepskin binding, gilt, without flap. REFERENCES:

Gacek, IIS, vol. 1 (no.107); GAL, SI, p.325; Goriawala, 54; Ivanow, IL, 124; al-Majdū‘, pp.280–4; Poonawala, p.96 (no.1). EDITIONS: Ḥamīd al-Dīn al-Kirmānī, Rāḥat al-‘aql, eds M. Kāmil Ḥusayn and M. Muṣṭafā Ḥilmī, Cairo, 1953; ed. M. Ghālib, Beirut, 1967 (rep. Beirut, Dār al-Andalus, 1983). TRANSLATIONS: Ḥamīd al-Dīn al-Kirmānī, Uspokoenie Razuma, (Russian) tr. A.V. Smirnov, Moscow, 1995. STUDIES: D. De Smet, La quiétitude de l’intellect: Néoplatonisme et gnose Ismaélienne dans l’oeuvre de Ḥamīd ad-Dîn al-Kirmânî, Louvain, 1995; P.E. Walker, Ḥamīd al-Dīn al-Kirmānī: Ismaili Thought in the Age of al-Ḥākim, London, 1999.

[61/947]

al-Risāla al-waḍī’a fī ma‘ālim al-dīn wa uṣūli-hi A treatise on the importance of acquiring esoteric knowledge as well as observing religious deeds. Presumably the work was written to reaffirm the official Fāṭimid doctrine, calling for the observation of both the esoteric and outward aspects of the law, in response to a minority within the da‘wa who favoured the esoteric over the exoteric. The work is divided into two parts. Part one, in seven chapters, deals with knowledge, angels, prophethood, the role of wāṣīs and Imamate. The second part, divided into eight chapters, covers the pillars of Islam and ethics. COPYIST: Ḥasan‘alī b.

Rasūlbhā’ī, of Mahū’ written in Sūrat while staying with Shaykh Sulaymānjī Sīn‘alī. DATE: Friday 27 Ramaḍān 1328/1 October 1910. DESCRIPTION: 175 pp.; 14 lines per page; 190 × 155/130 × 108 mm.; clear black naskhī; title, headings and punctuation in red; some additions and corrections in the margins, occasionally in red.

[62/864] Same COPYIST:

‘Abd al-Ḥusayn, copied at the time of Abū Muḥammad Ṭāhir Sayf al-Dīn (q.v.), mentioned in the

colophon. DATE: During the night of 15 Rajab 1346/7 January 1928. DESCRIPTION: 131 leaves; 12 lines per page; 210 × 135/135 × 90 mm.; black naskhī; red headings, several marginal annotations, corrections and additions; slightly worm-eaten. REFERENCES: Gacek,

IIS, vol. 1 (no. 124); Goriawala, 60–z; al-Majdū‘, pp.127–9; Poonawala, pp.98–9 (no.10). EDITIONS: Ḥamīd al-Dīn al-Kirmānī, al-Risāla al-waḍī’a fī ma‘ālim al-dīn wa uṣūli-hi, ed. M. ‘Īsā al-Ḥarīrī, Kuwait, 1987. EXTRACTS: P. Kraus,’ Hebräische und syrische Zitate in ismā‘īlītischen Schriften,’ Der Islam, 19 (1931), pp.243–63; rep. in Kraus, Alchémie, pp. 3–25.

[63/957] Tanbīh al-hādī wa’l-mustahdī A polemical work in 28 chapters against the beliefs of the Mu’tazilīs, Ash‘arīs, Zaydīs, Ithnā‘asharīs, Ghulāt, Ahl al-Qiyās, etc. For this purpose the author expounds on the benefits of the faith, obedience to God and the Imams, ethics and the esoteric interpretation of the pillars of Islam. Above all he emphasises the doctrine according to which the observation of the religious law applies to all without exception, an obvious reference to the dissident tendencies of his time. Written at the time of Ṭāhir Sayf al-Dīn (q.v.), mentioned in the colophon. DATE: Friday 17 Dhu’l-qa‘da 1334/14 September 1916. DESCRIPTION: 189 leaves; 13 lines per page; 218 × 140/140 × 90 mm.; black naskhī; title, headings, highlighted words and sentences in red; pencilled annotations and corrections throughout; occasionally stained and soiled. COPYIST: unknown.

[64/1025] Same COPYIST: unknown. DATE: n.d.

(first half of 14th/20th century). DESCRIPTION: 103 pp.; 19 lines per page; 215 × 130/150 × 80 mm.; black naskhī; title, headings and words in red; corrections and additions in the text area and margins, sometimes in red; colophon in pencil; very slightly worm-eaten. REFERENCES: Gacek, IIS, vol. 1 (no. 152); GAL, SI, p.325; Goriawala, 57; Ivanow, IL, 127; al-Majdū’, pp.48–9; Poonawala, p.98 (no.9).

[65/1032] Thalātha ‘ashar risāla A collection of 13 short treatises on various subjects: religious matters, philosophy, cosmology, esoteric interpretation, polemic and refutation. (1) al-Risāla al-durriya fī ma‘nā al-tawḥīd wa’l-muwaḥḥid wa’l-muwaḥḥad. This treatise addresses the meaning of tawḥid in its literal and esoteric sense. (2) Risālat al-nuẓum (or al-naẓm) fī muqābalat al-‘awālim ba‘ḍi-hā ba‘ḍ bi-mā fī-hā min al-mawjūdāt Here al-Kirmānī deals with the system of correspondence between five coexisting worlds or realms. (3) al-Risāla al-raḍiyya fī jawāb man yaqūlu bi-qidam al-jawhar wa ḥudūth al-ṣūra. This epistle continues themes dealt with in the previous treatise but also contains a refutation against those who maintain the eternity of substance and the transitory nature of form. (4) al-Risāla al-muḍī’a fi’l-amr wa’l-āmir wa’l-ma’mūr. On the divine command. (5) al-Risāla al-lāzima fī ṣawm shahr ramaḍān wa ḥīni-hi. It discusses the suitable time at which the fast should begin. (6) al-Risāla al-rawḍa fi’l-azal wa’l-azalī wa’l-azaliyya. On the literal and esoteric explanation of terms related to eternity. (7) al-Risāla al-zāhira fī jawāb masā’il wa al-naẓ fī abwāb al-rasā’il. A refutation of a number of philosophical ideas attributed to Abū Ya‘qūb al-Sijistānī. (8) al-Risāla al-ḥāwiyya fi’l-layl wa’l-nahār. Written in 399/1009, this is an allegorical interpretation of night and day. (9) Risālat mabāsim al-bishārāt bi’l-imām al-Ḥākim bi-Amr Allāh. It was written in 405–6/1014–5 and deals with the Imamate of al-Ḥākim and the need for observing both the outward and the esoteric aspects of the law. In this treatise al-Kirmānī speaks also about the state of disarray in which he found the da‘wa upon his arrival at the Fāṭimid court in Cairo and his purpose in writing it must be seen as part of a programme to reinvigorate the apparatus of the organisation and its activities. (10) al-Risāla al-wā‘iẓa ‘an masā’il al-māriq min al-dīn Ḥasan al-Farghānī al-Ajda‘. It was written in 408/1017 in response to the extremist views expressed by the dissident al-Ḥasan al-Akhram al-Farghānī (d. 408/1017) in one of his writings. The work served as a refutation of the Druze claims of al-Ḥākim’s divinity. (11) al-Risāla al-kāfiya fi’l-radd ‘alā al-Hārūnī al-Ḥusaynī. Like treatise no.8, this work was written while the author was in Iran. Both are addressed to his followers in Jīruft (Kirmān) and warn them against the propaganda of al-Kirmānī’s contemporary, the Zaydī Imam Abu’l-Ḥusayn al-Mu’ ayyad bi’llāh al-Hārūnī (d.411/1020). (12) Faṣl fi’l-radd ‘alā man yankar al-‘ālam al-rūḥānī. The attribution to al-Kirmānī is doubtful. (13) Risālat khazā’in al-adilla. Direct evidence of al-Kirmānī’s authorship is lacking. However, the work belonged at the very least to his school. It was written at the time of al-Ḥākim and it is divided into 28 khizānas. It deals with cosmology, theology, intellect and soul, prophethood and Imamate.

Fayḍ Allāhbhā’ī b. Ibrāhīm b. ‘Alījī b. Mullā Luqmānjī b. Mullā Muḥammad Ḥusayn b. Taj Khān b. ‘Abd al-Rasūl b. al-Mawlā Rāwādbhā’ī b. Fakhr al-Dīn. DATE: 8 Ṣafar 1353, corresponding to (muṭābiq) 22 May 1934. DESCRIPTION: 378 pp.; 15 lines per page; 218 × 140/145 × 70 mm.; clear black naskhī; titles, headings, diagram outlines, punctuation and words in red; corrections, additions and annotations in the margins, some in blue ink or pencil; diagrams on pp.37, 102, 103. COPYIST:

[66/958] Same COPYIST: ‘Abd

Allāh b. Yaḥyā Muḥsin al-Jabal. DATE: 11 Muḥarram 1356/23 March 1937. DESCRIPTION: 209 leaves; 13 lines per page; 218 × 135/145 × 88 mm.; black naskhī; headings, passages and words in red; corrections, additions and annotations, some in pencil, in the margins; diagrams on 11r, 24v, 25r, 60r–v, 96r, 201v, 205r. See also [156/1018], attributed; [166/882], attributed. REFERENCES:

Gacek, IIS, vol.1 (nos 20, 45, 71, 113, 115, 116, 118, 119, 122, 126, 127, 134, 135); Goriawala, 59; Poonawala, pp. 100–1 (nos 12–22). For (9) (10) (13) see GAL, SI, p.325–6. For (13) see W. Ivanow, A Creed of the Fatimids, Bombay, 1936, pp.10–12. EDITIONS AND TRANSLATIONS: M. Ghālib (ed.), Majmū‘at rasā’il al-Kirmānī, Beirut, 1983. Nos (1) and (2) were edited by M. Kāmil Ḥusayn in a single work published in Cairo in 1952. No. (5) was edited and translated into Urdu by Muḥammad Ḥasan al-A‘ẓamī, Niẓām al-ṣawm ‘inda al-fāṭimiyyīn, fāṭimiyyūn kā niẓām-i rūzeh ḥiṣāb sī, Karachi, 1961. No. (9) was also edited by M. Kāmil Ḥusayn in Ṭā’ifat al-Durūz, ta’rīkhu-hā wa ‘aqā’idu-hā, Cairo, 1962, pp.55–74. No. (10) was edited by M. Kāmil Ḥusayn in Majallat kulliyat al-ādāb bi’l-jāmi‘a al-Miṣriyya, 14 (1952), pp.1-29. SUMMARY: H. Haji, A Distinguished Dā‘ī under the Shade of the Fāṭimids: Ḥamīd al-Dīn al-Kirmānī and his Epistles, London, 1998 (Eng. summary with introduction of treatises 1 to 11).

al-Malījī, Abu’l-Qāsim [‘Abd al-Ḥākim b. Wahb b. ‘Abd al-Raḥmān] The chief qāḍī in Cairo from 450/1058 and 453/1061, al-Malījī bore the honorific title of “Alam al-Islām Thiqat al-Imām’. He was also vizier for brief periods between 450/1058 and 461/1068.

[67/956] al-Majālis al-Mustanṣiriyya The authorship of these majālis has been variously ascribed, with no conclusive evidence, to al-Mu’ayyad fi’l-Dīn al-Shīrāzī (q.v.), Badr al-Jamālī (a vizier at the time of al-Mustanṣir) and Muḥammad b. al-Qāsim, a direct descendant of al-Qāḍī al-Nu‘mān (q.v.). According to M. Kāmil Ḥusayn, the work was written by an anonymous dā‘ī between 446/1054 and 455/1063. Eventually, S.M. Stern was able to prove al-Malījī’s

authorship. The 35 lectures, which were probably delivered in 451/1059, deal with the pillars of Islam, ethical issues, moral conduct and etiquette. Each majlis is arranged according to a fixed pattern: namely, a laudatory introduction, followed by advice and an explanation of what is at issue supported by Qur’ānic quotations. This, in turn, is followed by what the Imam said on the subject. Each majlis ends as it begins, with laudatory statements. written at the time of Ṭāhir Sayf al-Dīn (q.v.), mentioned in the colophon. DATE: 4 Jumāda’l-ūlā 1349/26 September 1930. DESCRIPTION: 116 leaves; 15 lines per page; 218 × 136/150 × 80 mm.; clear black naskhī; headings and decorative motif in the colophon in red; opening within black and red ornate frame, text of ff. 57v–58v within frame; a very few corrections in the margins, sometimes in pencil. COPYIST: unknown;

REFERENCES:

Gacek, IIS, vol. 1 (no.79); Goriawala, 74–5; Ivanow, IL, 163; al-Majdū‘, pp.136–7; Poonawala, p.319–20 (no.29). See S.M. Stern, ‘Cairo as the Centre of the Ismaili Movement,’ Colloque international sur l’histoire du Caire, Cairo, 1972, pp.437–50 (442), rep. in Studies in Early Ismā‘īlism, Jerusalem–Leiden, 1983, pp.234–56 (239). EDITIONS: Thiqat al-Imām ‘Alam al-Islām, al-Majālis al-Mustanṣiriyya, ed. M. Kāmil Ḥusayn, Cairo, 1947.

al-Nīsābūrī, Aḥmad b. Muḥammad (or Ibrāhīm) Born in Nīshābūr in the 4th/10th century to a family with Ismaili leanings, Aḥmad b. Muḥammad went to Cairo at the time of the Fāṭimid Imam-caliph al-‘Azīz. There he furthered his knowledge of Ismaili philosophy and attended the majālis of the most outstanding dā‘īs of his time. It has been suggested that after Cairo he returned to Iran, where he headed the da‘wa. He died during the time of al-Ḥākim, but neither the place nor the exact date of his death is known.

[68/1008] Kitāb istitār al-imām wa tafarruq al-du‘āt fi’l-jazā’ir li-ṭalabi-hi Composed at the time of al-‘Azīz, this is an account of the period ‘Abd Allāh, who took the name al-Mahdī when he founded the Fāṭimid dynasty, spent in concealment in Salamiyya. The narrative refers to the hardship suffered by the Imam in hiding and the quest for him by the dā‘īs who had lost touch with him. The work provides valuable informadon on the way the early da‘wa operated. b. ‘Abd al-Qādir. Written for his pupil Ḥasan ‘Alī b. Ṭayyib ‘Alī, mentioned in the colophon. DATE: Morning of 13 Rajab 1315/7 December 1897. DESCRIPTION: 82 pp.; 17 lines per page; 224 × 140/150 × 80 mm.; clear black naskhī; corrections and additions in the margins. COPYIST: Isḥāq

See also [161/990];[165/954]. REFERENCES:

GAL, SI, p.325; Goriawala, 50; Ivanow, IL, 117; Poonawala, p.92 (no.2). See Ghālib, A‘lām,

pp.89–90. EDITIONS: Aḥmad b. Ibrāhīm al-Nīsābūrī, ‘Istitār al-imām ‘alay-hi al-salām,’ ed. W. Ivanow, Majallat kulliyat al-ādāb bi’l-jāmi‘a al-Miṣriyya, 4 (1936, issued in 1939), pp.93–107; S. Zakkār (ed.), Akhbar al-Qarāmiṭa, Damascus, 2nd ed., 1982, pp. 111–32. TRANSLATIONS: Gh. ‘A. Godharwī, Kashf al-ẓalām fī tarjamat Istitār al-Imām, Bombay, 1334/1916 (Gujarati); Ivanow, IT, pp.157–83 (Eng.).

[69/946] Ithbāt al-imāma Written at the time of al-Ḥākim, this work aims at proving through argument the validity of the Imamate and the necessity of its existence. The author provides evidence from nature, reasoning, necessity, Qur’ānic exegesis, and by looking back at the cyclical history of prophethood and the role played by the Imams. COPYIST:

‘Alī Muḥammad b. Hibat Allāhbhā’ī b. Sulṭān ‘Alī b. Karīmbhā’ī b. Ādamjī, of Kapadwanj. Copied at the time of Muḥammad Burhān al-Dīn (q.v.), mentioned in the colophon. DATE: Afternoon, 7 Jumāda’1-ūlā 1310/26 November 1892. DESCRIPTION: 125 pp.; 13 lines per page; 210 × 115/160 × 80 mm.; black naskhī; occasional words in red; a very few corrections and annotations in the margins; minor wormholes; ‘kabīkaj’ formula on fol. 1r.

[70/911] Same COPYIST:

‘Abbās b. Mullā Muḥammad ‘Alī al-Barudāwī, in Rāmpūr at the time of his service in its madrasa. Copied at the time of Ṭāhir Sayf al-Dīn (q.v.), mentioned in the colophon. DATE: 25 Jumāda’l-ūkhrā 1355/11 September 1936. DESCRIPTION: 80 leaves; 13 lines per page; 190 × 110/120 × 60 mm.; black naskhī; occasionally in red; slightly worm-eaten. See also [154/994], attributed. REFERENCES: Gacek,

IIS, vol. 1 (no.36); GAL, SI, p.325; Goriawala, 49; Ivanow, IL, 116; al-Majdū‘, pp.120–1; Poonawala, pp.91–2 (no.1). See Ghālib, A‘lām, pp.89–90. EDITIONS: Aḥmad b. Ibrāhīm al-Nīsābūrī, Ithbāt al-imāma, ed. M. Ghālib, Beirut, 1984.

al-Qāḍī al-Nu‘mān [Abū Ḥanīfa b. Muḥammad b. Manṣūr b. Aḥmad b. Ḥayyūn al-Tamīmī] Born in Qayrawān towards the end of the 3rd/9th century, al-Qāḍī al-Nu‘mān was to become one of the greatest Ismaili jurists and theologians. He was brought up as an Ismaili by his father, a Mālikī doctor of law who had converted to Ismailism, and entered the service of al-Mahdī in 313/925. After the death of the latter, al-Nu‘mān’s role was to inform the Imam-caliph al-Qā’im of the news of the court as well as to collect and copy books for al-Qā’im’s son and heir-apparent, al-Mansur. Al-Manṣūr appointed him qāḍī, a position which he first

held in the provincial city of Tripoli at the time of the revolt of the Khārijī Abū Yazīd. Later, in 336/948, he moved to the then Fāṭimid capital, al-Manṣūriyya, having been summoned by al-Manṣūr, who raised him to the rank of qāḍī al-quḍāt. By the time he moved to Egypt, following al-Mu’izz after the establishment of the dynasty in Cairo in 362/973, he had become both chief qāḍī and chief dā‘ī. As holder of the highest official positions in the state organisadon, he became, under the supervision of the Imam-caliphs, primarily responsible for the elaboration and systematisation of the official Fāṭimid doctrines and legal system. After his death in Cairo in 363/974, his office remained in his family for almost half a century.

[71/863] Ajwibat al-Qāḍī al-Nu‘mān ibn Muḥammad ‘an masā’il sa’ala-hu ‘an-ha Khaṭṭāb ibn Wasīm A treatise on jurisprudence in which al-Qāḍī al-Nu‘mān answers questions posed by Khaṭṭāb b. Wasīm, a Berber from the Zawāwa tribe already mentioned by al-Qāḍī al-Nu‘mān in his Iftitāḥ al-da ‘wa (q.v.). COPYIST: unknown. DATE: n.d.

(first quarter of 14th/20th century). DESCRIPTION: 19 leaves; 13 lines per page; 220 × 140/160 × 85 mm.; clear black naskhī; wormholes slightly affecting text. Same in [164/962];[173/970]. REFERENCES: Poonawala,

pp.55–6 (no. 13).

[72/903] Asās al-ta’wīl (or Asās al-ta’wīl fi’l-bāṭin) A work in 17 parts dealing with the allegorical interpretation of verses of the Qur’ān. The text concentrates on stories about the prophets from Ādam to Muḥammad and on the role of ‘Alī as waṣī. According to Idrīs ‘Imād al-Dīn (q.v.) and al-Majdū‘, the Asās is only preserved in part. This work was translated into Persian by al-Mu’ayyad fi’l-Dīn al-Shīrāzī (q.v.). Ghulām Murtaḍā Ṣafdarī b. al-Shaykh al-Taqī ‘Alī Ḥaydarī Sārangpūrī. Copied at the time of Abu’1-Faḍl ‘Abd Allāh Badr al-Dīn (q.v.), mentioned in the colophon. DATE: Copied in ten days, beginning on the 16th and finishing on the 26th of Dhu’l-qa‘da 1329/7–17 November 1911. DESCRIPTION: 599 pp.; 13 lines per page; 212 × 135/140 × 80 mm,; clear black naskhī; headings, punctuation and quotations in red; occasional corrections and annotations in the margins; minor wormholes. COPYIST:

[73/1016] Same COPYIST: Mullā

Ghulām Ḥusayn Faḍl’alī, of Dharānagarahrā.

DATE: 1347/1928. DESCRIPTION:

545 pp., 1 leaf of index (in later hand in pencil), 4 blank leaves, 1 leaf of pencilled annotations; 13 lines per page; 218 × 135/150 × 80 mm.; clear black naskhī; title, headings and words in red; corrections, additions and annotations both in Arabic and English in the margins, mainly in pencil.

[74/959] Same COPYIST: unknown. DATE: n.d.

(first quarter of 14th/20th century). DESCRIPTION: 207 leaves; 17 lines per page; 205 × 130/160 × 90 mm.; black naskhī; title, overlining and some marginal annotations in red; corrections and additions in the margins, mainly in pencil. REFERENCES: Fyzee,

QN, 21; Gacek, SOAS, 27; GAL, SI, p.953; Goriawala, 25–7; Ivanow, IL, 75; Poonawala, p.63–4 (no.38); Tritton, pp.33–4. EDITIONS: al-Qāḍī al-Nu‘mān, Asās al-ta’wīl, ed. ‘Ā. Tāmir, Beirut, 1960. STUDIES: Ḥ. al-Faqī, al-Ta’wīl asāsu-hu wa ma‘nā-hu fi’l-madhhab al-Ismā‘īlī, Tunis, n.d. (1980s).

[75/872] Da‘ā’im al-Islām fī dhikr al-ḥalāl wa’l-ḥarām wa’l-qaḍāyā wa’l-aḥkām (al-jild al-awwal) The most important work on Ismaili law. Probably written around 349/960, it was commissioned by the Fāṭimid Imam-caliph al-Mu‘izz to serve as the official religious and civil code of the Fāṭimid state. It consists of two volumes. This is volume one dealing with ‘ibādāt. It begins with a section on imān followed by the seven pillars: wilāya, ṭahāra, ṣalāt, zakāt, ṣawm, ḥajj and jihād. Volume two, missing here, is devoted to mu‘āmalāt. Written at the time of Abū Muḥammad Ṭāhir Sayf al-Dīn (q.v.), mentioned in the colophon. DATE: Tuesday Rabī‘ al-ākhir 1338/December 1919. DESCRIPTION: 328 pp.; 19 lines per page; 278 x 223 / 189 x 119 mm.; clear black and red naskhī; marginal annotations, corrections and additions in pencil and blue ink; text within double frame in red and black. COPYIST: unknown.

REFERENCES:

Gacek, IIS, vol.1 (no. 12 A); Gacek, SOAS, 48; GAL, SI, p.325; Goriawala, 28; Poonawala, pp.56–7 (no.16). EDITIONS: al-Qāḍī al-Nu‘mān, Da‘ā’im al-Islām, ed. A.A.A. Fyzee, Cairo, 1951, 1961, 2 vols. A new edition by ‘Ārif Tāmir was published in Beirut in 1995, also in 2 vols. TRANSLATIONS AND STUDIES: A partial English translation was published by A.A.A. Fyzee, The Book of Faith, Bombay, 1974; al-Qāḍī al-Nu‘mān, Tarjamah-i kitāb-i Da‘ā’im al-Islām, Persian transl. by ‘Abd Allāh Umīdvār, (Tehran), 1414/1993, 2 vols. For other translations, excerpts and main studies see Poonawala, p.57. A complete English translation by A.A.A. Fyzee and I.K. Poonawala is currently in progress and will be published by the Institute of Ismaili Studies. [76/934]

Kitāb iftitāḥ al-da‘wa (or K. iftitāḥ al-da‘wa wa ibtidā’ al-dawla) One of the most important Ismaili historical works concerning the early Ismaili da‘wa until the establishment of the Fāṭimid dynasty in North Africa. Ḥasan ‘Alī b. Rasūlbhā’ī b. Aḥmadjī b. Mullā Luqmānjī. The copyist began the book when he was with Shaykh Sulaymānjī [b.] al-Shaykh Yūsuf. Copied at the time of Abu’l-Faḍl ‘Abd Allāh Badr al-Dīn (q.v.), mentioned in colophon. DATE: Saturday 11 Muḥarram 1331/20 December 1912. DESCRIPTION: 174 leaves; 14 lines per page; 212 x 138/134 x 80 mm.; clear black naskhī; title and headings in red; a very few corrections in the margins; very slightly worm-eaten; sheepskin binding. COPYIST:

[77/1001] Same COPYIST: unknown. DATE: Muḥarram 1346/June

1927. DESCRIPTION: 542 pp.; 13 lines per page; 225 x 130/160 x 70 mm.; clear black naskhī; occasional headings and punctuation in red ink or pencil; corrections, additions and annotations in the margins. REFERENCES: Gacek,

IIS, vol.1 (no.33); GAL, SI, p.325; Ivanow, IL 76; Poonawala, pp.58–60 (no.20). EDITIONS: al-Qāḍī al-Nu‘mān, Risālat iftitāḥ al-da‘wa, ed. W. al-Qāḍī, Beirut, 1970; ed. F. Dachraoui, Tunis, 1975. [78/933] Kitāb al-ikhbār fi’l-fiqh (or al-akhbār) (niṣf) The first of a two-volume work on jurisprudence, being an abridgement of the Kitāb al-īḍāḥ, now lost, by the same author. The beginning of the text, as in most other copies, is missing. It contains chapters on purity, ablution, prayer, alms giving, fasting, pilgrimage and holy war. COPYIST:

Hibat Allāh Mullā ‘Abd al-Qādir Ja‘far Māmā, in Jahālarāpāṭan, Islāmpūr. Copied at the time of Burhān al-Dīn (q.v.), mentioned in colophon. DATE: Sunday 26 Ramaḍān 1311/1 April 1894. DESCRIPTION: 248 pp.; 16 lines per page; 220 x 136/150 x 80 mm.; neat black and red naskhī; index in the margins in red; 19th-century western-style morocco binding, gilt; defective at the beginning. REFERENCES: Fyzee,

CFM, p.210; Fyzee, QN, p.19 (no.3); Ivanow, IL, 68; Poonawala, p.53 (no.3). [79/1006]

Kitāb al-majālis wa’l-musāyarāt wa’l-muwāfiq wa’l-tawqī’āt ‘an al-imām al-Mu‘izz li-Dīn Allāh wa ‘an Abā’i-hi (al-jild al-awwal - juz’ 1–10) The first half of a two-volume work, being a collection of lectures, anecdotes and accounts of the life of the

Fāṭimid Imam-caliphs al-Mahdī, al-Qā’im, al-Manṣūr and al-Mu‘izz, and of the organisation of Fāṭimid rule in North Africa and Egypt. The work also contains numerous extracts of conversations held by the author with al-Mu‘izz on matters of state and religion. COPYIST:

Akbar ‘Alī b. Mullā Bakhsh of Wālāsundūr. Written at the time of Abū Muḥammad ‘Abd al-Qādir Najm al-Dīn (q.v.), mentioned in the colophon. DATE: n.d. (mid 13th/19th century, probably around 1272/1855). DESCRIPTION: 177 leaves; 14 lines per page; 190 x 143/130 x 90 mm.; clear black naskhī; title, headings and occasional words in red; page numbering in blue ink; a few corrections, additions and annotations in the margins; slightly worm-eaten. [80/1007] Same (al-jild al-thānī) COPYIST: Akbar ‘Alī b. Mullā Bakhsh of Wālāsundūr. Written at the time of Abū Muḥammad ‘Abd al-Qādir Najm al-Dīn (q.v.), mentioned in the colophon. DATE: 1272/1855. DESCRIPTION: 505 pp.; 14 lines per page; 190 x 140/128 x 80 mm.; clear black naskhī; titles and headings in red; page numbering in blue ink; a few corrections, additions and annotations in the margins; worm-eaten with occasional loss of text. REFERENCES:

Gacek, IIS, vol.1 (no.83); GAL, SI, p.325; Gorianwala, 35; Ivanow, IL, 79; al-Majdū‘, pp.52–3; Poonawala, p.61 (no.23). EDITIONS: al-Qāḍī al-Nu‘mān, Kitāb al-majālis wa’l-musāyarāt, ed. Ḥ. al-Faqī, I. Shabbūḥ, M. al-Ya‘lāwī, Tunis, 1978; 2nd ed., Beirut, 1997. [81/1014] Masā’il fiqhiyya min-mā ikhtaṣara-hu Ibn Kāmil min al-īḍāḥ wa min masā’il al-Khaṭṭāb b. Wasīm A treatise in the form of questions posed by Ibn Kāmil on legal matters. It is based on extracts from al-Nu‘mān’s Kitāb al-īḍāḥ, now lost, and questions by al-Khaṭṭāb b. Wasīm (see [71/863]). COPYIST: unknown. DATE:

1269/1852 (?). DESCRIPTION: 75 pp.; 19 lines per page; 220 x 135/160 x 80 mm.; clear black naskhī; title, headings, punctuation and words in red; several additions, corrections and annotations in the margins; slightly worm-eaten. REFERENCES: Poonawala,

p.68 (no.62). [82/889]

Minhāj al-farā’iḍ

A short treatise on inheritance attributed to al-Qāḍī al-Nu‘mān, divided into several chapters and sections. COPYIST: unknown. DATE:

n.d. (late 13th/19th to early 14th/20th century). DESCRIPTION: 1 fly-leaf, 43 leaves; 10 lines per page; 130 x 99/90 x 70 mm.; clear black naskhī on blue paper; headings in red and green; large hole caused by corrosive ink affecting the first three lines of folio 2r–v.; ‘kabīkaj’ formula pencilled on the initial flyleaf; missing incipit. REFERENCES: Fyzee,

QN, 14; Goriawala, 39; Ivanow, IL, 88; Poonawala, p.67 (no.56). [83/901]

Mukhtaṣar al-āthār (or Kitāb al-ikhtiṣār li-ṣaḥīḥ ‘an al-a’imma al-aṭhār or Ikhtiṣār al-āthār) (al-niṣf al-awwal) Volume one of a two-volume abridgement of the Da‘ā’im (q.v.). The book was written before 348/959 as a handy reference on jurisprudence for judges, governors and law students. As stated in the introduction, it was scrutinised by the Imam-caliph al-Mu‘izz, who amended it, revised it and also, in the end, decided its title. The Mukhtaṣar follows the structure of the Da‘ā’im, except for the part on imān which is lacking in this abridgement. It deals with purity, ritual ablution, prayer, alms giving, fasting, pilgrimage and holy war. Ismā‘īl b. Walibhā’ī b. Ḥabīb Allāh b. Luqmānjī, in Islāmpūr. Copied at the time of ‘Abd al-Qādir Najm al-Dīn b. al-Dā‘ī Ṭayyib Zayn al-Dīn (q.v.), mentioned in the colophon. DATE: Afternoon of 10 Rajab 1286/15 October 1869. DESCRIPTION: 236 leaves; 12 lines per page; 210 x 125/150 x 85 mm.; black naskhī on blue paper; headings, occasional words and signs in red; very occasional marginal corrections; loose gatherings within detached binding; ‘kabīkaj’ formula on fol. 1r. COPYIST:

[84/936] Same COPYIST: Ja‘farbhā’ī b.

‘Alībhā’ī Baṣrī. DATE: Jumāda’l-thānī 1287/August 1870. DESCRIPTION: 184 leaves; 15 lines per page; 243 x 152/170 x 90 mm.; elegant black naskhī; title, headings and punctuation in red; a very few additions and corrections in the margins; ownership and date within decorative motif; 19th-century western-style purple morocco binding, gilt, lacking lower cover. REFERENCES: Fyzee,

QN, 10; Gacek, IIS, vol.1 (no.95); GAL, SI, p.325; Poonawala, pp.54–5 (no.7). See I.K. Poonawala, ‘Al-Qāḍī al-Nu‘mān and Isma‘ili Jurisprudence,’ in Daftary, MIHT, pp.117–43 (123–4). [85/873] Sharḥ al-akhbār fi faḍā’il al-a’imma al-aṭhār (al-juz’ al-rābi‘)

A work divided into 16 parts, corrected and approved by the Fāṭimid Imam-caliph al-Mu‘izz, as stated at the beginning. This is a portion of part 4 dealing with ‘Alī’s struggle against his opponents at the Battle of the Camel (nākithīn), the people of Syria (qāsiṭīn) and the khawārij (hāriqīn). Parts 7 to 16 (q.v.) deal with ‘Alī’s virtues, the refutation of the ḥawashiyya, the divine order to obey ‘Alī and his successors, revelations of the Qur’ān concerning ‘Alī, the Imams and the Ahl al-Bayt, the virtues and death of Ḥasan and Ḥusayn, the story of Ja‘far al-Ṣādiq, Ismā‘īl and his son Muḥammad, the messianic movements of their time, al-Mahdī’s teachings and the excellence of the Shī‘a. COPYIST: unknown. DATE: n.d.(late

12th/18th century, early 13th/19th century). DESCRIPTION: 14 leaves; 15 lines per page; 228 x 125/145 x 75 mm.; black naskhī; title and occasional words in red; a very few corrections and annotations in the margins; wormholes affecting the text of the first three leaves; incomplete at the end. [86/942] Same (al-juz’ 7–16) COPYIST: Bakhsh b. ‘Abd al-Rahīm, copied at the time of ‘Abd al-Ḥusayn Ḥusām al-Dīn,14 mentioned in the colophon. DATE: Thursday 30 Rabī‘ al-awwal 1305/15 December 1887. DESCRIPTION: 949 pp.; 15 lines per page; 215 x 142/168 x 80 mm.; clear black naskhī; title, headings and several marginal annotations in red; marginal annotations and corrections; late 19th-century red morocco eastern-style binding, gilt with flap. Spine missing, lower cover detached. REFERENCES: Gacek,

IIS, vol.1 (no. 139 G; L to FF); Gacek, SOAS, 309 (parts 13–14); GAL, SI, p.325; Ivanow, IL, 78; al-Majdū‘, pp.69–72; Goriawala, 40; Poonawala, pp.60–1 (no.22). EDITIONS: al-Qāḍī al-Nu‘mān, Shar ḥ al-akhbār fī faḍā’il al-a’imma al-āthār, ed. M.Ḥ. al-Ḥusaynī al-Jalālī, Qum, 1409–12/1988–92, 3 vols (rep. Beirut, 1994). An edition of the first part appeared in Sūrat in the 1960s published by al-Jāmi’a al-Sayfiyya. EXTRACTS: Ivanow, IT, pp.1–34 (Ar.). For a summary of part 14, see W. Ivanow, ‘Early Shi’ite Movements,’ JBBRAS, N.S., 16 (1941), pp.1–23. [87/905] Sharḥ al-khuṭab al-latī li’l-Amīr al-Mu’minīn (or Kitāb al-tawḥīd; or al-Tawḥīd wa’l-imāma min khuṭab Amīr al-Mu’minīn) An important work on the unity of God based on the sermons said to have been delivered by ‘Alī b. Abī Ṭālib on the subject. According to the introduction, this work was ordered and later corrected and approved by al-Mu‘izz. Al-Majdū‘ is in doubt as to whether or not the book is complete. Here the work is preceded by an unidentified text dealing with sayings mainly attributed to Ja‘far al-Ṣādiq (ff.1r–8v). COPYIST: unknown.

DATE: n.d.

(first half of 13th/19th century). DESCRIPTION: 106 leaves; 15 lines per page; 233 x 130/175 x 80 mm.; neat black naskhī; headings, punctuation and occasional marginal corrections in red. REFERENCES: Fyzee,

CFM, p.213; Goriawala, 47; al-Majdū‘, pp.111–12; Poonawala, p.66 (no.44). [88/865]

Kitāb al-ṭahāra wa’l-ṣalāt A work for beginners on Ismaili prescriptions of ritual purity, prayers, ablutions and funeral rites. COPYIST: unknown. DATE: n.d.

(early 14th/20th century, before 13 Rajab 1333/26 May 1915). DESCRIPTION: 124 leaves; 14 lines per page; 217 x 136/162 x 92 mm.; black naskhī; headings either in pencil or in red; slightly worm-eaten. REFERENCES: Gacek,

IIS, vol.1 (no.61); Ivanow, IL, 72; Poonawala, p.55 (no.11); Sezgin I, (no.577). [89/991]

Ta’wīl al-da‘ā’im (or Tarbiyyat al-mu’minīn bi’l-tawfīq ‘alā ḥudūd bāṭin ‘ilm al-dīn) (al-jild al-awwal: juz’ 1–3) Volume one of a two-volume work being the esoteric counterpart to the first volume of the Da‘ā’im al-Islām (q.v.) by the same author. Each volume consists of six parts, each divided into ten ‘sessions’. Volume one concentrates on the allegorical meanings of ṭahāra and ṣalāt. COPYIST: unknown. DATE: n.d.

(mid 12th/18th century). DESCRIPTION: 309 leaves; 14 lines per page; 228 x 132/158 x 80 mm.; clear black naskhī; title, headings, punctuation, and occasionally marginal notes in red; illuminated head-piece at the opening, the text of the first two pages within gilt frame, the rest within black and red frames; detached purple morocco binding, gilt, missing flap. [90/900] Same (al-jild al-awwal: juz’ 4–6) COPYIST: unknown. DATE: n.d. (13th/19th century). DESCRIPTION: pp.2–222; 21 lines per page; 226 x 125/160 x 73 mm.; very neat black naskhī; headings, occasional words and punctuation in red; page numbering in blue; some marginal annotations and corrections; a few wormholes at times affecting text; browned paper; defective at the beginning. REFERENCES:

Fyzee, QN, 22; Gacek, IIS, vol.1 (no.153 A–C); Gacek, SOAS, 358; GAL, SI, p.325; Ivanow, IL,

66; Poonawala, p.64 (no.40). EDITIONS: al-Qāḍī al-Nu‘mān, Ta’wīl al-da‘ā’im, ed. M. Ḥasan al-A‘ẓamī, Cairo, 1967–72. A part of this was also edited by ‘Ā. al-‘Awwā in Muntakhabāt Ismā‘īliyya, Damascus, 1958, pp.3–75. [91/860] al-Urjūza al-mukhtāra (or al-Qaṣīda al-mukhtāra) A versified treatise written at the time of the Fāṭimid Imam-caliph al-Qā’im. In this work al-Qāḍi al-Nu‘mān defends the legitimacy of the Fāṭimids by refuting the arguments of Sunnīs, Mu‘tazilīs, Khārijīs and some Shī‘ī groups (with the exception of the Ithnā‘asharīs). ‘The present work is not only the oldest extant Fāṭimid exposition on the subject, but also one of the few surviving polemical works on the Imamate compiled during the heyday of that controversy … [Also, it is arguably] one of the longest arājiz in the history of Arabic literature.’ (Poonawala, al-Urjūza al-Mukhtāra, pp.5, 10, intro.). COPYIST: ‘Abbāsbhā’ī Muḥammad

‘Alī Barudāwī. DATE: Wednesday afternoon 25 Muḥarram 1329/25 January 1911. DESCRIPTION: 89 leaves; 14 couplets per page; 223 x 140/150 x 90 mm.; clear black naskhī; headings in red, a few marginal annotations and corrections, pencilled throughout; slightly worm-eaten. [92/904] Same COPYIST: unknown. DATE: n.d.

(first quarter of 14th/20th century). DESCRIPTION: 2 fly-leaves of index; 118 pp.; 21 lines per page; 223 x 140/160 x 80 mm.; clear black naskhī (index in a later hand); headings and punctuation in red; annotations and corrections in the margins, pencilled dates, in different hands, are likely to refer to days when the text was read (earliest date 12–4–34); slightly worm-eaten. REFERENCES: Fyzee,

CFM, pp. 214–15; Goriawala, 146; Ivanow, IL, p.85 (no.292); Poonawala, p.62 (no.25). EDITIONS: al-Qāḍī al-Nu‘mān, al-Urjūzat al-Mukhtāra, ed. I. Poonawala, Montreal, 1970; ed. ‘Ā. Tāmir, Beirut, 1937. [93/1037] al-Urjūza al-muntakhaba (or al-Qaṣīda al-muntakhaba) A two-volume versified summary of one of al-Qāḍī al-Nu‘mān’s most comprehensive works on fiqh, the Kitāb al-īḍāḥ, now lost. Composed at the time of the Fāṭimid Imam-caliph al-Qā’im, each part comprises about 1900 verses. According to Fyzee, these compendia in rhyme were used to facilitate the memorisation of legal rules. COPYIST: unknown. DATE: Sunday

6 Dhu’l-ḥijja 1199/9 October 1785. DESCRIPTION: 217 leaves; 11 lines per page; 240 x 155/155 x 100 mm.; 8 lines in elegant black naskhī

alternated with 3 muḥaqqaq lines; title, headings and occasional marginal annotations in red; text within a red frame; hole on p.213 affecting the text; dark purple Islamic binding, with blind-stamped central medallions on both covers; missing flap. [94/897] Same (al-jild al-awwal) COPYIST: Amīn b. ‘Alī al-Kāthyāwārī al-Gādahkarwī. DATE: Thursday 25 Rabī‘ al-thānī 1333, corresponding to (muṭābiq) 11 March 1915. DESCRIPTION: 136 pp.; 15 couplets per page; 220 x 136/155 x 80 mm.; black naskhī; headings in red; a few marginal annotations and corrections, sometimes in pencil; slightly worm-eaten. See also [154/994];[158/955], attributed; [176/1031], attributed. REFERENCES:

Fyzee, CFM, p. 211; Fyzee, QN, 8; Gacek, IIS, vol.1 (no.161); Ivanow, IL, 70; Poonawala, pp.53–4 (no.4). Shāhjahānpūrī, ‘Abd-i ‘Alī b. Jīwābhā’ī [‘Imād al-Dīn] Born in 1199/1784, ‘Abd-i ‘Alī was a pupil of the 43rd Dā’ūdī dā‘ī‘ Abd-i ‘Alī Sayf al-Dīn and eventually became a well respected scholar in his own right. He reached a high position in the hierarchy of the da‘wa under the 47th dā‘ī‘ Abd al-Qādir Najm al-Dīn. The appointment of this dā‘ī followed the sudden death of Muḥammad Burhān al-Dīn. While the majority of Bohras accepted its validity, some disputed it on account of the lack of clear designation (naṣṣ) on the part of the previous dā‘ī. Abd-i ‘Alī played a leading role in securing the appointment of ‘Abd al-Qādir who in turn gave him the title of ‘Imād al-Dīn. He died in 1271/1854. [95/926] Lubb al-lubāb wa nūr al-albāb A collection of poems in praise of the Imams and about esoteric doctrine. This manuscript was copied during the author’s lifetime (14 years before his death). COPYIST: unknown.

‘Taḥrīr al-kitāb’ Friday 13 Sha‘bān 1256/9 October 1840. DESCRIPTION: 314 pp.; 9 couplets per page; 185 x 128/125 x 95 mm.; black and red naskhī on blue paper; annotations and corrections in the margins; badly cropped edges. DATE:

See also [150/919], attributed; [151/1029], attributed. REFERENCES: Goriawala,

156 (erroneously ascribed to ‘Abd ‘Alī Sayf al-Dīn); Poonawala, p.221 (no.1). Shaykh Ibrāhīm b. Shaykh ‘Abd al-Qādir

His father had been ma’dhūn at the time of the 46th Dā’ūdī dā’ī muṭlaq Muḥammad Badr al-Dīn, the last of the Rajput dā‘īs, who died, possibly of poison, in 1256/1840. [96/939] Risālat al-fā‘il wa’l-maf‘ūl fi’l-ḥaqīqa A rare copy of this short treatise on the relation between the world of creation, the First Intellect (fā‘il) and the Universal Soul (maf‘ūl), and the corresponding ranks in the Ismaili hierarchical system. COPYIST: unknown. DATE: n.d.

(early 14th/20th century, before 1921). DESCRIPTION: 35 pp.; 13 lines per page; 222 x 135/128 x 70 mm.; clear black naskhī; one addition in the margin. REFERENCES: Poonawala,

p.223 (no.1).

al-Shīrāzī, al-Mu’ayyad fi’l-Dīn [Abū Naṣr Hibat Allāh b. Abī ‘Imrān Mūsā b. Dā’ūd al-Salmānī] One of the most distinguished Fāṭimid scholars and writers, al-Mu’ayyad was born in Shīrāz sometime in the last quarter of the 4th/10th century to a prominent Ismaili family closely linked to the Būyid court. He took up the leadership of the da‘wa in southern Iran after the death of his father around 429/1038, devoting himself to the promotion of the Fāṭimid cause through travelling and gaining conversions in high places. However, Sunnī reactions to his activity forced al-Mu’ayyad to flee and undertake a journey which took him to Ahwāz, Najaf, Karbalā’ and Mawṣil, before he reached Cairo in 438/1046. Although he was already famous for his achievements and learning, it was not until 444/1052 that he managed to gain a prestigious position in the Fāṭimid court. He showed political and diplomatic abilities by masterminding an alliance between the Fāṭimids and the Turkish commander al-Basāsīrī (d.451/1059) against a Byzantine–Saljūq coalition. From 450/1058 until his death he held the position of dā‘ī al-du‘āt in Cairo, except for a short time when he was banished to Jerusalem by a vizier. Through this position, al-Mu’ayyad was able to keep in touch with the da‘wa in different countries, particularly Yemen, where the dā‘īs were greatly inspired by his teachings. He died in 470/1077. [97/874] Dīwān Sayyid-nā al-Mu’ayyad Collected poems written by al-Mu’ayyad (q.v.) in praise of the Fāṭimid Imam-caliphs. References to these poems occur in the author’s Sīra (q.v.) and quotations can also be found in Ibrāhīm al-Ḥāmidī’s Kanz al-walad (q.v.). Themes dealt with in the poems include walaya and tawḥīd, creation, the prophets and the allegorical interpretation of Qur'anic verses. COPYIST: ‘Īsābhā’ī b.

Fatḥ. Copied at the time of Muḥammad Burhān al-Dīn (q.v.), mentioned in the colophon. DATE: Friday 1 Jumāda’I-ūlā 1316/16 September 1898.

DESCRIPTION:

155 pp.; 14 couplets per page; 223 x 134/135 x 80 mm.; black naskhī; headings in red, text and titles within red ruled frame; diagram on p. 149; slightly worm-eaten. [98/940] Same COPYIST: unknown. DATE: n.d.

(first quarter of 14th/20th century). DESCRIPTION: 6 fly-leaves of index and other annotations within a pencilled (occasionally red ink) grid, 121 pp.; approx. 19 couplets per page; 210 x 135/145 x 85 mm.; black naskhī (index in a later hand); title and headings in red; a very few corrections in the margins, some pencilled. [99/977] Same (al-juz’ al-awwal) COPYIST: Ṣādiq ‘Alī b. Ghulām Ḥusaynjī, of Ūdaypūr. DATE: 1336/1917 (see fol.1r). Annotation in a later hand at the foot of p.228 gives the date 14 Dhu’l-ḥijja 1335/30 September 1917. DESCRIPTION: 228 pp.; approx. 10 couplets per page; 202 x 130/150 x 95 mm.; clear black naskhī; end of the manuscript in a later hand; title, headings, page numbers and stanza dividers in red; several corrections and additions in the margins and text area in blue ink. REFERENCES:

Gacek, IIS, vol. 1 (no. 14); Gacek, SOAS, 61; GAL, SI, p.326, 714, 953; Ivanow, IL, 161; Poonawala, p.107 (no.3). EDITIONS: al-Mu’ayyad fi’l-Dīn al-Shīrāzī, Dīwān al-Mu’ayyad fi’l-Dīn dā‘ī al-du‘āt, ed. M. Kāmil Ḥusayn, Cairo, 1949. [100/985] al-Majālis al-Mu’ayyadiyya (al-mi’a al-ūlā) A collection in eight volumes of 800 majālis or lectures delivered in ‘sessions of wisdom’ at the Dār al-‘Ilm academy in Cairo. The Majālis is one of the most valued works of Ismaili learning. It deals, not in any particular order, with ethics, theology, philosophy, allegorical interpretation and eschatology. It also includes the correspondence on vegetarianism between the author and Abu’l-‘Alā’ al-Ma‘arrī (see [17/869]) as well as a refutation of the Kitāb al-zumurrud by the Mu‘lazilī Ibn al-Rāwandī (fl.3rd/9th century). The work by Ḥātim al-Ḥāmidī (q.v.) known as Jāmi‘ al-ḥaqā’iq is a classified summary of the Majālis. Copied at the time of Abū Muḥammad Ṭāhir Sayf al-Dīn (q.v.), mentioned in the colophon. DATE: 27 Muḥarram 1335/22 November 1916. DESCRIPTION: 715 pp.; 2 leaves of index within a pencilled and red ink grid; 15 lines per page; 222 x 138/133 x 80 mm.; clear black naskhī (index in a later hand); title, headings, punctuation, and occasionally marginal corrections and additions in red, some pencilled, with dates pointing at the reader’s progress through the book; COPYIST: unknown.

contemporary western-style burgundy half-calf binding. [101/988] Same COPYIST: unknown. DATE: n.d.

(first half of 14th/20th century). DESCRIPTION: 493 pp.; 12 lines per page; 210 x 138/148 x 90 mm.; black naskhī; pencilled annotations, additions and corrections in the margins; slightly worm-eaten; purple velvet binding, with flap; incomplete at the end. [102/986] Same (al-mi’a al-thāniyya) COPYIST: Ḥasan b. ‘Alī Muḥammad b. Mullā Rajab ‘Alījī b. Tājkhānjī Ūdaypūrī. Copied at the time of Abū Muḥammad Ṭāhir Sayf al-Dīn (q.v.), mentioned in the colophon. DATE: 25 Ṣafar ‘min ‘ām “hadhā al-fatḥ al-mubīn”’ 1359/3 April 1940. DESCRIPTION: 3 fly-leaves of miscellaneous notes on the majālis, 695 pp.; 14 lines per page; 217 x 142/148 x 88 mm.; clear black naskhī (initial notes in red, blue, black and pencil by a later hand); title, headings and some annotations in the margins in red; a few corrections and additions in the margins, some pencilled; contemporary half-calf binding. [103/987] Same (al-mi’a al-thālitha) COPYIST: unknown. DATE: 23 Rabī‘ al-ākhir 1335/15 February 1917. DESCRIPTION: 2 fly-leaves of index, 483 pp.; 13 lines per page; 215 x 140/132 x 75 mm.; clear black naskhī (index in a later hand); title, headings and page numbers up to p.156 in red; corrections and additions in the margins; lower corner of last leaves ink stained, text not affected. [104/948] Same COPYIST: Akbar

‘Alī b. Mullā Sulṭān‘ali Ranālawī. DATE: Wednesday evening, 29 Ṣafar 1336/14 December 1917. DESCRIPTION: 2 fly-leaves of index within a pencilled and red grid, 322 pp.; 17 lines per page; 272 x 225/170 x 130 mm.; clear black naskhī (index in a later hand); punctuation and numeration of each majlis in red, some corrections and additions in the margins. [105/871] Same (al-mi’a al-rābi‘a)

COPYIST: unknown. DATE: n.d.

(13th/19th century). DESCRIPTION: 227 leaves; 15 lines per page; 258 x 133/210 x 100 mm.; thick, clear black naskhī, occasionally in red. This is a defective copy of volume four (cf. incipit of folio 19v with Goriawala, 69). [106/902] Same (al-mi’a al-sādisa) COPYIST: Akbar ‘Alī b. Mullā Sulṭān ‘alī. DATE: Completed before noon prayer on Tuesday 3 Rajab 1335/24 April 1917. DESCRIPTION: 3 fly-leaves of index within a pencilled and red grid, 502 pp.; 16 lines per page; 210 x 135/135 x 60 mm.; very clear black naskhī (index in a later hand); headings in red, page numbers in pencil; a very few annotations in the margins. [107/973] Same Faḍl Ḥusayn b. al-Shaykh Ahmad ‘Alī. Copied at the time of Ṭāhir Sayf al-Dīn (q.v.), mentioned in the colophon. DATE: 19 Dhu’l-qa‘da 1347/28 April 1929. DESCRIPTION: 76 leaves; 20 lines per page; 223 x 140/162 x 90 mm.; clear black naskhī; title, headings and some marginal annotations in red; some corrections and additions in the margins. COPYIST:

[108/922] Same (extracts) Miscellaneous selection, excluding the first hundred and third hundred of the majālis. COPYIST: unknown. DATE: n.d.

(late 13th/19th–early 14th/20th century). DESCRIPTION: 129 leaves; 10 to 15 lines per page; 190 x 120/140 x 90 mm.; black naskhī; headings, punctuation and occasional words in red; some marginal annotations and corrections. REFERENCES:

Gacek, IIS, vol.1 (no.77 A–J, L–N); GAL, SI, p.326; Goriawala, 66–9, 71; Poonawala, pp.106–7

(no.1). EDITIONS:

al-Mu’ayyad fi’l-Dīn al-Shīrāzī, al-Majālis al-Mu’ayyadiyya, edited by M. Ghālib, al-Mi’a al-ūlā, Beirut, 1974, and al-Mi’a al-thālitha, Beirut, 1984. Also edited by Ḥātim Ḥamīd al-Dīn, vol.1, Bombay, 1395/1975, and vol. 2, Oxford, 1407/1986. An abridged version of vol. 1 of the Majālis by Ḥātim b. Ibrāhīm al-Ḥāmidī was published in Cairo in 1975 by M. ‘Abd al-Qādir ‘Abd al-Nāṣir. TRANSLATIONS: A small English selection in J. Muscati-Kh. Moulvi Bahadur, Life and Lectures of the Grand Missionary al-Muayyad-fid-din al-Shirazi, Karachi, 1950 (rep. Toronto, 1984), pp.78–183. [109/1026]

Kitāb nahj al-hidāya li’l-muhtadīn A theological and cosmological work in 11 chapters on the unity of God and the avoidance of anthropomorphism; knowledge of creation, Intellect and Command; the first creator and the meaning of expressions like First Intellect, knowledge, Throne, etc; the second creation corresponding to the Soul; on matter and nature; prophethood; the knowledge of the waṣī; the Imam and Imamate; origin and return; reward and punishment. COPYIST: unknown. DATE: n.d.

(mid 13th/19th century). DESCRIPTION: 32 leaves (f.31 blank); 17 lines per page; 232 x 132/155 x 75 mm.; clear black naskhī; title, headings and words in tarnished or faded red; worm-eaten with occasional slight loss of text; soiled and damp-stained; ‘kabīkaj’ formula on first leaf; purple morocco blind-stamped binding, only a fragment of the upper cover left and lower cover damaged; unfinished at the end. Gacek, IIS, vol.1 (no.99); Ivanow, IL, 167; Poonawala, p.108 (no.5). See Ḥ. Hamdānī, al-Ṣulayḥiyyūn, p.263.

REFERENCES:

[110/981] Sīrat al-Mu’ayyad fi’l-Dīn (or Sīrat Sayyid-nā al-Mu’ayyad fi’l-Dīn) The autobiography of al-Mu’ayyad containing important information on historical events which took place at the time of the Fāṭimid Imam-caliph al-Mustanṣir, the author’s relationship with court officials, his role as intermediary between the Būyid general al-Basāsīrī and the Fāṭimids. The work also has a discussion of Ismaili doctrine. COPYIST: unknown. DATE: 10

Rabī‘ al-awwal 1311/20 September 1893. DESCRIPTION: 378 pp.; 15 lines per page; 220 x 138/168 x 80 mm.; black naskhī; title, page numbering (to p.121), punctuation, headings, stanza dividers and some marginal additions in red; additions, annotadons and corrections in the margins; text area sometimes within black and red-ruled frame; purple sheepskin binding with gilt corners and central medallions on both covers, no flap. [111/929] Same COPYIST: unknown. DATE: n.d.

(mid 13th/19th century). DESCRIPTION: 214 pp.; 17 lines per page; 223 x 132/142 x 70 mm.; elegant black naskhī; punctuation and occasional words in red; some corrections in the margins; 19th-century purple morocco binding. See also [162/896], attributed; [166/882], attributed; [168/887], attributed; [174/883]. REFERENCES:

Gacek, IIS, vol.1 (no.146); GAL, SI, p.326; Goriawala, 73; Ivanow, IL, 162; Poonawala, p.107

(no.2). al-Mu’ayyad fi’l-Dīn al-Shīrāzī, Sīrat al-Mu’ayyad fi’l-Dīn dā‘ī al-du‘āt, ed. M. Kāmil Ḥusayn, Cairo, 1949; ‘Ā. Tāmir (ed.), Mudhakkirāt dā‘ī du‘āt al-dawla al-fāṭimiyya al-Mu’ayyad fi’l-dīn … al-Shīrāzī, Beirut, 1983. EDITIONS:

V. Klemm, Die Mission des fāṭimidischen Agenten al-Mu’ayyad fī d-Dīn in Šīrāz, Frankfurt, 1989; J. Muscati–Kh. Moulvi Bahadur, Life and Lectures of the Grand Missionary al-Muayyad-fid-din al-Shirazi, Karachi, 1950 (rep. Toronto, 1984), pp.3–77. STUDIES:

al-Sijistānī, Abū Ya‘qūb [Isḥāq b. Aḥmad] One of the earliest Ismaili thinkers, some of whose philosophical works are extant. There is only fragmentary information available about his life. He presumably took over the leadership of the Ismaili da‘wa of Iran and Transoxiana following the death of Abū Ḥātim al-Rāzī in 322/934. He travelled to Baghdād in that same year on his return from a pilgrimage to Mecca. Eventually he might have assumed leadership of the da‘wa in both Iran and Iraq. He was executed sometime after 361/971 on the order of the Ṣaffārid Khalaf b. Aḥmad (352–393/963–1003). [112/1003] Kitāb al-iftikhār Written around 361/971, this is one of al-Sijistānī’s best known works and possibly his last. The Iftikhār in 17 chapters is mainly concerned with themes such as prophethood, the Imamate and eschatology. It also deals with allegorical interpretations of the Qur’ān and the pillars of Islam. COPYIST: unknown. DATE: n.d.

(first quarter of 14th/20th century). DESCRIPTION: 163 pp.; 16 lines per page; 228 x 145/155 x 90 mm.; clear black naskhī; headings, words, most marginal annotations, corrections and punctuation in red ink or pencil; page numbering in blue; diagrams on pp.45–6. REFERENCES:

Gacek, IIS, vol.1 (no.53); Goriawala, 12; Ivanow, IL, 36; al-Majdū‘, pp.140–1; Poonawala, p.86

(no.7). EDITIONS: Abū

Ya‘qūb al-Sijistānī, Kitāb al-iftikhār, ed. M. Ghālib, Beirut, 1980. [113/960]

Kitāb al-yanābī‘ An important work on Ismaili doctrine and philosophy, being one of the best expressions of cohesion between Neoplatonic and Ismaili ideas. The book consists of 40 ‘sources’ dealing with creation, Intellect and Soul, spiritual and physical worlds, the Ismaili hierarchy and its correspondence to a metaphysical level, esoteric meaning of letters of the alphabet, eschatology, universal and human souls, the Perfect Man, etc.

Ṭāhir b. al-Shaykh Ibrāhīm Mullā Ghulām b. Mullā ‘Abd al-Ḥusayn Sīn‘alī. Copied at the time of Ṭāhir Sayf al-Dīn (q.v.), mentioned in the colophon. DATE: 27 Jumāda’l-ūlā 1351/27 September 1932. DESCRIPTION: 69 leaves; 15 lines per page; 220 x 135/145 x 85 mm.; clear black naskhī; headings, diagrams and colophon in red; a few corrections and additions in the margins; blank spaces left for diagrams; diagrams on ff. 9r (margin), 10r. COPYIST:

[114/952] Same Ṭāhir b. al-Shaykh Ibrāhīm, of Bahānpūr. Written in al-Daras al-Sayfī (q.v.), Sūrat, for Mullā Ghadam Ḥusayn Biyāwarāwālā. DATE: 2 Jumāda’l-ūkhrā 1351/2 October 1932. DESCRIPTION: 72 leaves; 15 lines per page; 218 x 140/155 x 85 mm.; clear black naskhī; headings in red; corrections, additions and annotations in the margins and text area, often in pencil; diagrams on ff. 9v, 11r, 31r, 55v, 60r; defective at the beginning. COPYIST:

REFERENCES: Gacek,

IIS, vol.1 (no.63); Goriawala, 16; Ivanow, IL, 38; Poonawala p.85 (no.2). EDITIONS AND TRANSLATIONS: Abū Ya‘qūb al-Sijistānī, al-Yanābī‘, ed. M. Ghālib, Beirut, 1965; H. Corbin, Trilogie Ismaélienne, Paris-Tehran, 1961, pp.5–128 (Fr.), pp.1–98 (Ar.); P. Walker, The Wellsprings of Wisdom, Salt Lake City, 1994, pp.37–111 (Eng.). STUDIES: P.E. Walker, Early Philosophical Shiism: The Ismaili Neoplatonism of Abū Ya’qūb al-Sijistānī, Cambridge, 1993; P.E. Walker, Abū Ya‘qūb al-Sijistānī: Intellectual Missionary, London, 1996; W. Madelung, ‘Abū Ya‘qūb al-Sijistānī and the Seven Faculties of the Intellect,’ in Daftary, MIHT, pp. 85–9. al-Sultān al-Khaṭṭāb [b. al-Ḥasan b. Abī al-Ḥifāẓ al-Ḥajūrī al-Hamdānī] He was born in northwestern Yemen to a family which supported the Fāṭimids in opposition to the Zaydīs. Al-Khaṭṭāb was himself converted to Ismailism by the dā’ī al-Dhu’ayb b. Mūsā al-Wādi‘ī (see [22/1020]) to whom he later became ma’dhūn. He became an active supporter of the Ṣulayḥids, at the time of al-Sayyida al-Ḥurra, to the extent of fighting against his own brother. A man of eclectic personality, he was killed in 533/1138 by his nephew. [115/918] Munīrat al-baṣā’ir A theological work divided into 10 chapters written around the year 524/1129 at the time of the Imam-caliph al-Āmir, who succeeded to the Fāṭimid caliphate in 495/1101, and his son al-Ṭayyib, mentioned in the introduction of this treatise. The chapters deal with tawḥīd; the Imamate; the speaking prophets (nāṭiqs); the ranks of asās, waṣī and mustaḥiqq, eschatology; that which is inconceivable; reward and punishment; the question of justice; sin and the causes for mankind’s fall from Paradise, and the ascent of mankind to its original status. For the first five chapters of this work the author based himself on al-Mu’ayyad fi’l-Dīn al-Shīrāzī (q.v.) and the Rasā’il of the Ikhwān al-Ṣafā’ (q.v.).

COPYIST:

Hibat Allāh Mullā ‘Abd al-Qādir Māmā Ja‘far, in Jahālarāpāṭan, Islāmpūr. Written at the time of Muḥammad Burhān al-Dīn (q.v.), mentioned in the colophon. DATE: Thursday 5 Sha’bān 1312/31 January 1895. DESCRIPTION: 173 pp.; 11 lines per page; 150 x 115/90 x 70 mm.; clear black naskhī; headings, punctuation, page numbering and occasional words in red; several corrections and additions in the margins; 19th-century purple morocco western-style binding, gilt with oriental-style motifs. REFERENCES:

Gacek, IIS, vol.1 (no.97); Ivanow, IL, 189; Poonawala, p. 135 (no.2). See I. Poonawala, al-Sulṭān, al-Khaṭṭāb, ḥayyatu-hu wa shi‘ru-hu, Cairo (1967), pp.75–6. Ṭayyib Zayn al-Dīn b. Shaykh Jīwanjī Awrangābādī He became the 45th dā‘ī muṭlaq of the Dā’ūdī Bohras of India in 1236/1821 after the death of his brother. Soon after his appointment to the leadership of the da‘wa, he was faced with a number of problems. Firstly, Sūrat was hit by severe flooding. Then, communal violence broke out between Sunnī Muslims and Bohras during Iris visit to Mandasore in 1240/1824. Ṭayyib Zayn al-Dīn left Mandasore in that same year and went to Indore and Ujjain only to encounter more unrest there. Calm was eventually restored with the help of British troops. During this period the Bohras enjoyed friendly relations with the British and, under Ṭayyib Zayn al-Dīn, the community benefited from a certain degree of prosperity. The dā‘ī discouraged ostentation and, for example, limited his daughter’s marriage to a rather simple affair. He returned to Sūrat in 1249/1833 and nominated his brotherin-law Muḥammad Badr al-Dīn as his successor. He died in 1252/1837. [116/950] Dīwān Sayyid-nā Zayn al-Dīn Ṭayyib Zayn al-Dīn is the most important contributor as well as the compiler of this collection of poems in praise of his brother, the 44th dā‘ī in the Dā’ūdi line, Muḥammad ‘Izz al-Dīn b. Shaykh Jīwanjī Awrangābādī (d. 1236/1821). The poems were written between 1232/1816 and 1234/1818 for special occasions (i.e., his birthday. ‘īd al-fiṭr, ‘īd al-aḍḥā). Besides Ṭayyib, other authors included are: Shaykh Yūsufbhā’ī, Shaykh ‘Abd al-Qādir (possibly ‘Abd al-Qādir Najm al-Dīn, son of Ṭayyib, who became 47th dā‘ī); Shaykh Ḥabīb Allāh b. Mullā Luqmānjï; Mullā Shaykhbhā’ī b. Mullā Ibrāhīmji; Mīthābhā’ī b. Mullā Muḥammad ‘Alī; Mullā Walā Muḥammad b. Ḥabīb Allāh. COPYIST:

Sharaf‘ alī b. Mullā ‘Alī Muḥammadjī, teacher from Khānpūr. Written in Ūdaypūr Mīwār at the time of Ṭāhir Sayf al-Dīn (q.v.), mentioned in the colophon. DATE: 11 Ramaḍān 1354/6 November 1935. DESCRIPTION: 149 pp.; approx. 13 couplets per page; 220 x 140/145 x 85 mm.; elegant black naskhī; page numbers, decorative motifs between stanzas and introductory paragraph to each qaṣīda in red. REFERENCES: See

Poonawala, pp. 217–18, on Ṭayyib’s other works. al-Ṭayyibī, Shams al-Dīn b. Ahmad (or Muḥammad)

One of the great Nizārī Ismaili literary personalities of Syria, he was born in Bazā’a near Aleppo in 592/1195. He was instructed in the Ismaili doctrine by his father Shaykh Ahmad al-Ṭayyibī, a prominent dā‘ī active in and around Aleppo. Shams al-Dīn’s reputation for composing philosophical poetry reached the Nizārī Imam ‘Alā’ al-Dīn Muḥammad III (d. 653/1255), who invited him to Alamūt (Iran) to become a court poet. Later in life he resumed his missionary activity in Syria delivering majālis and going from castle to castle. He died in Maṣyāf in 652/1254. [117/996] Dustūr al-Mawlā ‘Alā’ al-Dīn (or al-Dustūr wa da‘wat al-mu’minīn li’l-ḥuḍūr) A work in prose belonging to the Syrian branch of Nizārī Ismailism, dedicated to the Nizārī Imam ‘Alā’ al-Dīn Muḥammad III in Alamūt. It deals with the rules and prerequisites for entering the Ismaili da‘wa, and the qualities needed to be a mustajīb (adept) and a murshid (tutor). COPYIST: unknown. DATE: n.d.

(end of 13th/19th to beginning of 14th/20th century). DESCRIPTION: 68 pp.; 15 lines per page; 200 x 148/150 x 105 mm.; clear black and red naskhī; a very few corrections and additions in the margins; lower margin badly eaten with gradual loss of text over the last 20 pages; incomplete at the end. See also [176/1031]. REFERENCES: Ghālib,

A‘lām, p.306; Ivanow, IL, 791; Poonawala, p.292 (no.1). EDITIONS: ‘Ā. Tāmir (ed.), Arba‘rasā’il Ismā‘īliyya, Salamiyya, 1952, pp.67–101. al-Walīd, ‘Abd Allāh b. ‘Alī b. Muḥammad [b. Ḥasan b. ‘Abd Allāh b. ‘AIī b. Muḥammad b. Ḥātim b. Ḥusayn b. ‘Alī] Nephew of the 19th Ṭayyibī dā‘ī muṭlaq Idrīs ‘Imād al-Dīn (q.v.), he occupied the rank of ma’dhūn of Ḥusayn b. Idrīs (d.933/1527) when the latter became the 21st dā‘ī muṭlaq in Yemen. Besides the Dīwān, ‘Abd Allāh also wrote a qaṣīda of 91 verses on the persecution of the da‘wa by the Zaydis. He died in 886/1481. [118/925] Dīwān Sayyid-nā ‘Abd Allāh (or Wasīlat al-mu ‘lam al-marfū ‘a ilā sayyid walad Ādam) Collection of poems, preceded by a short introduction by the author, on various religious matters as well as in praise of the Prophet Muḥammad. Each qaṣīda consists of 29 couplets. Ḥasan ‘Alī b. Rasūlbhā’ī b. Aḥmadjī b. Mullā Luqmānjī. Copied at the time of Abu’l-Faḍl ‘Abd Allāh Badr al-Dīn (q.v.), mentioned in the colophon. DATE: Sunday at noon, 21 Muḥarram 1331/30 December 1912. DESCRIPTION: 155 pp.; 9 couplets per page; 212 x 137/145 x 90 mm.; clear black naskhī; title, punctuation and occasional marginal annotations in red; corrections in margin and text area; western-style full brown sheepskin COPYIST:

binding. [119/876] Same COPYIST: unknown. DATE: n.d.

(late l3th/19th to early 14th/20th century). DESCRIPTION: 90 leaves; approx. 10 lines per page; 170 x 100/180 x 60 mm.; clear black naskhī, occasionally in red; interlinear annotations; text of the first 11 leaves within red double-ruled frame; slightly worm-eaten. REFERENCES: Gacek,

IIS, vol.1 (no. 164); Goriawala, 140–1; al-Majdū‘, p.45; Poonawala, p. 176 (no.1). EDITIONS: Gh.A. Godharwī, Shar ḥ dīwān sayyid-nā ‘Abd Allāh b. ‘Alī al-mawsūm bi-tanfīs al-mughram fī sharḥ wasīla al-mu‘lam, Bombay, 1336/1957. al-Walīd, ‘Alī b. Muḥammad [b. Ja‘far b. Ibrāhīm b. al-Anf al-Quraysbī] His great-grandfather, Ibrāhīm al-Anf b. Abī Salāma, had been in Cairo at the court of the Fāṭimid Imam-caliph al-Mustanṣir as representative of ‘Alī b. Muḥammad, founder of the Ṣulayḥid dynasty in Yemen. ‘Alī b. Muḥammad was a pupil of his uncle ‘Alī b. al-Ḥusayn (q.v.) and of Muḥammad al-Hārithī (q.v.). He became deputy of the dā‘ī muṭlaq Ḥātim al-Ḥāmidī (q.v.) in Ṣan‘ā’ and later, after the death of Ḥātim al-Ḥāmidī’s son ‘Alī, he himself became the fifth dā‘ī in the Yemeni Ṭayyibī line. He lived in Ṣan‘ā’ and died in 612/1215. [120/975] Dīwān Sayyid-nā ‘Alī b. Muḥammad b. al-Walīd A collection of poems in praise of important Ismaili dā‘īs and high ranking dignitaries in the Ṭayyibī da‘wa such as Ḥusayn al-Ḥāmidī and Muḥammad b. Ṭāhir al-Ḥārithī (q.v.). Themes covered in the poems include the refutation of the Ḥāfiẓī/Majīdī branch of Ismailism, invocations to the Imams, the description of the way to Mecca. The collection also contains extracts of poems by Muḥammad b. Ṭāhir al-Ḥārithī in praise of his teacher ‘Alī b. al-Ḥusayn b. al-Walīd and verses on religious exhortation by Muḥammad b. ‘Alī b. ‘Alī Yazīd. The collection ends with the qaṣīda known as tis‘ūniyya (see also [14/938]) on the establishment of the Imamate and the rights of al-Ṭayyib. ‘Abd Allāh Muḥammad b. Mullā Ghulām ‘Alī. Copied at the time of Abū Muḥammad Ṭāhir Sayf al-Dīn (q.v.), mentioned in the colophon. DATE: Thursday at noon, 7 Ramaḍān, 1337/5 June 1919. DESCRIPTION: 151 leaves; 13 couplets per page; 200 x 145/145 x 100 mm.; clear black naskhī; title, headings and stanza dividers in red; some corrections and additions in the margins and text area, some in pencil. COPYIST:

[121/1019] Same COPYIST: ‘Abd

al-Ḥusayn b. Mullā ‘Abd al-Rasūl. Written in Daras al-Sayfī, Sūrat.15

DATE:

10 Rajab 1361/23 July 1942. DESCRIPTION: 299 pp.; 12 to 15 couplets per page; 212 x 130/150 x 80 mm.; clear black naskhī; headings in red; text within red or purple frame (pp.3–4; 16–205); corrections, additions and annotations in the margins, occasionally in pencil; ink smudged. REFERENCES:

Gacek, IIS, vol.1 (no. 15); Goriawala, 100; Ivanow, IL, 236; al-Majdū‘, pp.41–2; Poonawala,

p.160 (no.19). EXTRACTS: R. Strothmann, ‘Kleinere ismā‘īlītische Schriften,’ Islamic Research Association Miscellany, Bombay, 1949, pp. 145–6, 153–63; Yūsuf Najm al-Dīn, (comp.), Nasīm rawḍat al-adab al-faṭimī, Sūrat, 1380/1960, pp.59–98. [122/972]

Ḍiyā’ al-albāb al-muḥtawī ‘alā al-masā’il wa’l-jawāb A theological and eschatological work in the form of 32 questions and answers, including extracts from Muḥammad al-Nasafī, Abū Tammam (q.v.), Abū Ya’qūb al-Sijistānī (q.v.), Hamīd al-Dīn al-Kirmānī (q.v.) and al-Mu’ayyad fi’l-Dīn al-Shīrāzī (q.v.). It deals with tawḥīd, creation, ranks of nature, ma‘ād, worship of God, the Imamate and cosmology. COPYIST:

Mullā Ghulām ‘Abbās b. Mullā Sharaf ‘Alī Amīn Ūdaypūrī. Written for and presented to Shaykh Sajjād Ḥusayn Ṣāḥib.16 DATE: n.d. (first half of 14th/20th century). DESCRIPTION: 184 leaves; 12 lines per page; 215 x 140/140 x 90 mm.; black naskhī; title and words in red; corrections in pencil in the margins. [123/870] Same COPYIST: unknown. DATE: n.d.

(first half of 14th/20th century). DESCRIPTION: 161 leaves; 13 lines per page; 221 x 141/140 x 70 mm.; very clear black naskhī; occasionally in red, basmala in blue; a few marginal annotations, pencilled corrections; wormholes slightly affecting text. REFERENCES: Gacek,

IIS, vol.1 (no.17); GAL, SI, p.715; al-Majdū‘, pp.229–37; Poonawala, p.158 (no.3). [124/963]

al-Īḍāḥ wa’l-tabyyīn fi ma’nā wilādatay al-jism wa’l-dīn (or fi kayfiyyat tasalsul wilādatay al-jism wa’l-dīn) A short treatise divided into chapters preceded by a long introduction. The work deals with human embryogenesis, commenting on Sūra al-Mu’minūn, 12–14; the origin of creation (mabda’), macrocosm and microcosm, corresponding ranks in the Ismaili hierarchy. It also deals with eschatology, the Imamate of al-Ṭayyib, the role of the Imam of the time and allegorical interpretation.

COPYIST: unknown. DĀTE:

23 Rabī‘ āl-thānī 1350/6 September 1931. DESCRIPTION: 38 leaves; 7 lines per page; 142 x 110/90 x 70 mm.; black naskhī; corrections, additions and annotations in the margins in pencil and blue ink. REFERENCES: Gacek,

IIS, vol.1 (no.32); Goriawala, 101 (no.i); Ivanow, IL, 240; Poonawala, p. 158 (no.7). EDITIONS: R. Strothmann, Gnosis-Texte der Ismailiten, Göttingen, 1943, pp. 137–58. [125/916] Jalā’ al-‘uqūl wa zubdat al-maḥṣūl (al-juz’ al-awwal) The first part of a theological work divided into three main chapters and in turn subdivided into 28 parts. The first chapter deals with tawḥīd and the creation of the physical world. The second is about the spiritual world. The third contains allegorical interpretations of verses of the Qur’ān dealing with tawḥīd, reward and punishment after death. It complements Mukhtaṣar al-uṣūl (q.v.). COPYIST:

Alībhā’ī b. Mullā Muḥammad ‘Alī. Written for Hibat Allāhbhā’ī b. ‘Īsābhā’ī, at the time of ‘Abd al-Qādir Najm al-Dīn (q.v.), mentioned in the colophon. DATE: Friday 26 Rabī‘ al-ākhir 1264/31 March 1848. DESCRIPTION: 79 pp.; 13 lines per page; 195 x 125/130 x 70 mm.; elegant black naskhī; headings and punctuation in red; text within blue and red double frame; a few marginal annotations and corrections; ‘kabīkaj’ formula on f. 1r; 19th-century morocco binding, gilt, with flap. REFERENCES: Gacek,

IIS, vol, 1 (no. 39); Gacek, SOAS, 144; GAL, SI, p.715; Goriawala, 102; Ivanow, IL, 241; Poonawala, p. 158 (no.6); Tritton, 7. EDITIONS: ‘Ā. al-’Awwā (ed.), Muntakhabāt Ismā‘īliyya, Damascus, 1958, pp.89–153. [126/878] Mukhtaṣar al-uṣūl A polemical work refuting the views of the Shāfi’īs, Ḥanafīs, Mālikīs and Jabarīs, as well ās the Mu‘tazilīs, Zaydīs and philosophers on the question of the divine attributes. This treatise is divided into four chapters, each subdivided into parts. According to W. Ivanow, it is based on al-Qāḍī al-Nu‘mān’s Ikhtilāf uṣūl al-madhāhib. COPYIST:

[Mullā Ghulām] ‘Alī b. al-Ḥusayn Shūrā. DATE: n.d. (first quarter of 14th/20th century). DESCRIPTION: 191 pp; 10 lines per page; 165 x 105/120 x 68 mm.; clear black naskhī; headings and page numbers in red; pencilled annotations and corrections in the margins and text area; slightly worm-eaten. REFERENCES:

Gacek, IIS, vol.1 (no.96); Goriawala, 107–8; Ivanow, IL, 251; al-Majdū‘, pp. 123–4; Poonawala, pp. 159–60 (no. 15). See GAL, SI, p.715; Tritton, 7. [127/875]

al-Risāla al-mufīda fī shar ḥ mulghaz al-qasīda li-Abī ‘Alī Sīnā A commentary on the Qaṣīdat al-nafs, attributed to Ibn Sīnā (d.429/1037), being a poem on the unity and separation of soul and body. The present work also contains extracts from the Rasā’il of the Ikhwān al-Ṣafā’ (q.v.). COPYIST:

Mullā Ghulām ‘Alī Abī ‘Abd al-Ḥusayn Shūrā, in Mumba’ī. DATE: Wednesday 5 Jumāda’l-ūlā 1358/22 June 1939. DESCRIPTION: 44 leaves; 10 lines per page; 165 x 112/120 x 65 mm.; clear black naskhī; title and occasional words in red; a few pencilled marginal annotations and corrections; slightly worm-eaten. REFERENCES:

Fyzee, CFM, p.219; Gacek, IIS, vol. 1 (no. 120); Goriawala, 101 (no. iv) 105–6; Poonawala, p.

159 (no.9). EDITIONS: according to Goriawala, an edition with commentary of this text is included in Ṭāhir Sayf al-Dīn b. Muḥammad Burhān al-Dīn, ‘Duzaz al-hudā al-muḍi’a,’ al-Risāla al-ramaḍāniyya, Bombay, 1336–1341/1917–1923. [128/1015] Kitāb tāj al-‘aqā’id wa ma‘din al-fawā’id A summa of Ismaili doctrines intended, according to the introduction, as a canonical guide for newly initiated and ordinary believers. The ultimate aim of the author is to prevent schisms and the growth of heretical movements within the community. The topics, discussed by the author in 100 sections of varying length, include creation, prophethood, Imamate, die role of the waṣī, the oath of allegiance, allegorical interpretation, eschatology, religious practices, the necessity of following religious commandments and maintāining secrecy (taqiyya). COPYIST: unknown. DATE: n.d.

(first half of 13th/19th century). DESCRIPTION: 124 leaves; 17 lines per page; 225 x 123/180 x 94 mm.; clear black naskhī; title, index of contents, punctuation and headings in red; corrections, additions and annotations in the margins; worm-eaten with occasional slight loss of text. REFERENCES:

Fyzee, CFM, p. 219; Gacek, IIS, vol. 1 (no. 149); GAL, SI, p.715; Goriawala, 109; Ivanow, IL, 244; al-Majdū‘, pp.124–7; Poonawala, p. 157 (no.1). EDITIONS: ‘Alī b. al-Walīd, Tāj al-‘aqā’id wa ma‘din al-fawā’id, ed. ‘Ā. Tāmir, Dār al-Mashriq, Beirut, 1967. A second edition was published by Mu’assasat ‘Izz al-Dīn, Beirut, 1403/1982. SUMMARY TRANSLATION: W. Ivanow, A Creed of the Fatimids, Bombay, 1936, pp.25–73. [129/949] Risālat tuḥfat al-murtād wa ghuṣṣat al-aḍdād A short polemical treatise defending al-Ṭayyib’s rights to the Imamate against Ḥāfiẓī/Majīdī claims ānd dealing

with aspects of Ismaili esoteric doctrine. The work is divided into three main chapters, each subdivided into sections. COPYIST: Ghulām ‘Alī b.

Mullā ‘Abd al-Ḥusayn Sīnalī. Written in Daras al-Sayfī (q.v.), Sūrat, at the time of Abū Muḥammad Ṭāhir Sayf al-Dīn (q.v.), mentioned in the colophon. DATE: 12 Ṣafar 1351/16 June 1932. DESCRIPTION: 20 leaves; 11 lines per page; 188 x 110/120 x 60 mm.; clear black naskhī; occasional red lines; a very few corrections in the margins. See also [145/1027], attributed; [162/896], attributed. REFERENCES:

Gacek, IIS, vol.1 (no. 159); Goriawala, 110–12; Ivanow, IL, 243; al-Majdū‘, p. 153; Poonawala, p. 160 (no. 16). EDITIONS: R. Strothmann, Gnosis-Texte der Ismailiten, Göttingen, 1943, pp. 159–70. al-Walīd, Ḥusayn b. ‘Alī [Muḥammad b. Ja‘far b. Ibrāhīm b. al-Walīd al-Anf al-Qurayshī] The eighth Ṭayyibī dā‘ī muṭlaq, he temporarily transferred the headquarters of the Yemeni da‘wa from Ṣan‘ā’ to Dhū Marmar, where he received the support of the Hamdān tribes. Ḥusayn did not involve himself in the complex local politics of his time, but concentrated on proselytising among the Hamdānids and other local tribes. In the management of the da‘wa he was helped by Aḥmad b. ‘Alī b. Ḥanẓala and later by his own son ‘Alī, both of whom held the rank of ma’dhūn. Eventually he returned to Ṣan‘ā’ where he died in 667/1268. [130/931] ‘Aqīdat al-muwaḥḥidīn wa mūḍiḥat marātib al-fuḍalā’ min ahl al-dīn (or ‘Aqīdat al-muwaḥḥidīn wa mūḍiḥat marātib ahl al-dīn) This treatise begins with a section on the importance of following religious obligations and, at the same time, attaining spiritual knowledge. It then deals with tawḥīd, the origin of creation and its return to the Creator. The second part deals with obedience to the Imams and their dignitaries. Significantly, the author lists some Yemeni dignitaries, giving details of their ranks and roles. In this work reference is made, among others, to Ḥamīd al-Dīn al-Kirmānī (q.v.) and al-Mu’ayyad fi’l-Dīn al-Shīrāzī (q.v.). COPYIST: Ṭayyibbhā’ī b.

‘Īsābhā’ī Tahānāwālā and Isḥāq b. al-Shaykh Sulaymānjī al-Shāhjahānpūrī. DATE: 12 Jumāda’l-ūlā 1349/4 October 1930. DESCRIPTION: 42 leaves; 15 lines per page; 180 x 110/120 x 60 mm.; clear black naskhī; title, headings, punctuation and occasional marginal corrections in red; several corrections and additions in the margins. [131/880] Same ‘Abbās b. Mullā Muḥammad ‘Alī b. Mullā ‘Abd al-‘Alī b. Walījī b. Ṭayyibjī b. al-Adjī al-Parudawī. Copied at the time of Abū Muḥammad Ṭāhir Sayf al-Dīn (q.v.), mentioned in the colophon.

COPYIST:

DATE:

27 Ramaḍān 1366/14 August 1947. DESCRIPTION: 78 leaves; 9 lines per page; 140 x 110/100 x 70 mm.; black naskhī; occasional headings and punctuation in red pencil; pencilled annotations and corrections in margins. REFERENCES:

Gacek, IIS, vol.1 (no.8); GAL, SI, p.716; Goriawala, 121, 124 (no. i.); Ivanow, IL, 254; al-Majdū‘, pp. 149–50; Poonawala, p. 164 (no.3). [132/965]

Risālat al-mabda’ wa’l-ma‘ād A well known summa of doctrines belonging to the early Fāṭimid Yemeni tradition. This short treatise is divided into five chapters, preceded by a brief introduction on tawḥīd. They deal with the establishment of the spiritual universe via the emanative process and corresponding ranks in the created world; the creation of man symbolised by the primordial Ādam, and the ranks in the Ismaili hierarchy; eschatology and the advent of the Qā’im; the metaphysical basis and manifestation of the Imamate; the opponents and enemies of the Imam. COPYIST: unknown. DATE:

1 Dhu’l-qa‘da 1281/27 March 1865. DESCRIPTION: 42 leaves; 10 lines per page; 160 x 100/108 x 65 mm.; black naskhī in different hands; title and words in red; a very few corrections in the margins. [133/968] Same COPYIST: unknown. DATE:

13 Dhu’l-ḥijja 1349/30 April 1931. DESCRIPTION: 33 leaves; 13 lines per page; 190 x 110/120 x 70 mm.; black naskhī; words, punctuation, some corrections and additions in the margins in red, others in pencil and blue ink. [134/879] Same COPYIST:

Mullā Ghulām ‘Alī b. ‘Abd al-Ḥusayn Shūrā, in Mumba’ī. Copied at the time of Abū Muḥammad Ṭāhir Sayf al-Dīn (q.v.), mentioned in the colophon. DATE: Tuesday 13 ‘min al-shahr al-mu‘aẓẓam’ [Ramaḍān (?)] 1356/16 November (?) 1937. DESCRIPTION: 79 pp.; 11 lines per page; 160 x 103/130 x 70 mm.; clear black naskhī; occasional pencilled annotations and corrections; slightly worm-eaten. REFERENCES: Gacek,

IIS, vol.1 (no.73); Goriawala, 115; Ivanow, 260; Poonawala, p. 165 (no.7). EDITIONS AND TRANSLATIONS: H. Corbin, Trilogie Ismaélienne, Paris– Tehran, 1961, pp. 99–130 (Ar.), pp. 129–200 (Fr.); W. Madelung (review), Oriens, 17 (1964), p. 313. Goriawala and Fyzee, CFM, p.219, mention a Gujarati translation.

[135/924] al-Risāla al-waḥīda fī tathbīt arkān al-‘aqīda The treatise is divided into three main chapters: the first deals with the Imamate, the second with the origin of creation of the natural world, and the third with eschatological matters and the correspondence between the worlds of religion and creation. The importance of the work rests on its contents which include quotations from earlier literature, giving at times titles and authors’ names. Here, as elsewhere, the authorship of the Rasā’il of the Ikhwān al-Ṣafā’ is attributed to the second hidden early Ismaili Imam Aḥmad b. ‘Abd Allāh b. Muḥammad b. Ismā‘īl. COPYIST:

Quṭb b. Nūr Khān b. Ibrāhīmjī b. Dā’ūdjī Kīdūnjī. This is one of the oldest known existing copies of this short but very important work. DATE: 5 Ṣafar 1155/10 April 1742. DESCRIPTION: 71 leaves; 11 lines per page; 165 x 110/115 x 70 mm.; clear black naskhī; red title and punctuation; a few additions and corrections in the margins; slightly worm-eaten, occasionally affecting text; 19th-century purple morocco gilt binding. [136/978] Same COPYIST: Muḥammad

‘Alī b. Sulṭān ‘alī ‘fī daras sayyid-nā … Abī Muḥammad Najm al-Dīn.’ (q.v.). DATE: 21 Dhu’l-qa‘da 1259/12 December 1843. DESCRIPTION: 46 leaves; 15 lines per page; 190 x 120/135 x 70 mm.; black naskhī; title, words and punctuation in red; slightly soiled with some crude paper repairs; minor wormholes. [137/971] Same b. […] (erased). Copied at the time of Ṭāhir Sayf al-Dīn (q.v.), mentioned in the colophon. DATE: 20 Rabī‘ al-ākhir 1355/9 June 1936. DESCRIPTION: 69 leaves; 10 lines per page; 188 x 110/105 x 73 mm.; black naskhī; punctuation, occasional words and stanza dividers in red; corrections and additions in the margins mainly in blue and black pencil. COPYIST: Fidā’

[138/964] Same Nu‘mān b. Muḥammad Ḥusayn, in al-Daras al-Sayfī (q.v.), Sūrat. Read by Shaykh ‘Abd al-Ḥusayn b. Mullā Qamar al-Dīn. DATE: 26 Jumāda’l-ūlā 1376/28 December 1956. DESCRIPTION: 172 pp.; 9 lines per page; 140 x 108/80 x 68 mm.; black naskhī; words, some numbers and punctuation in red pencil; colophon in red ink; text within printed frame. COPYIST:

REFERENCES:

Gacek, IIS, vol.1 (no.125); Goriawala, 125–7; Ivanow, IL, 258; al-Majdū‘, p.150; Poonawala,

p.164 (no.2). al-Zīr, Sālim Nothing is known about this author. The al-Zīr family lived in Qadmūs (Syria) until 1919–1920 when, together with other families, they took refuge in Salamiyya as a result of attacks by French troops against their city. [139/998] Qaṣīda mujarwaiyya A long poem preceded by an introduction (ff.1r–5r) in which the author explains the circumstances which led him to the composition of the qaṣīda. The poem is named after Jarwā, son of the author’s brother, the amīr Kulayb, and reflects the author’s time as stated in the introduction ‘wa nadhkuru fī-hā al-ladhī jarā ‘alay-nā fī zamāni-nā wa min al-awwal ila’l-akhar’ (f.4v). COPYIST: unknown. DATE: n.d.

(12th/18th century?). DESCRIPTION: 94 leaves; 13 couplets per page; 160 x 110/135 x 85 mm.; crude black naskhī; text within crude frame up to leaf 50r; very soiled and stained; crude contemporary binding; the last leaf torn with loss of text; incomplete at the beginning and the end. REFERENCES

: On the al-Zīr family see M. Amīn, Salamiyya fī khamsīn qarnan, Damascus, 1983, p.225.

[140/881] ‘Ahd nāmah (or ‘Ahd Allāh wa ‘ahd awliyā’i-hi, ‘Ahd al-awliyā, ‘Ahd Allāh al-Karīm, Risālat al-‘ahd, Khuṭbat ‘ahd al-rijāl wa khuṭbat ‘ahd al-nisā’) The oath of allegiance in two versions, for men (ff.2v–17r) and for women (ff. 17v–31r). The structure of the text indicates that it was meant to be read to the novice, who was asked to reply ‘yes’ at the end of each article listed in the oath. In this manuscript there are small gaps at the end of each article of faith. The copyist probably planned to add the word ‘na‘am’ in calligraphic style at a later stage, but never did. Allegiance is asked for the hidden Imam al-Ṭayyib, the dā‘ī muṭlaq Abū Muḥammad ‘Abd al-Qādir Najm al-Dīn, his brother the ma’dhūn Bhā’ī ‘Abd al-Ḥusayn Ḥisām al-Dīn (who eventually became dā‘ī) and his mukāsir Bhā’ī Ismā‘īl Badr al-Dīn. Although this is a version of the oath used by the Dā’ūdī Bohras, its text is very much in keeping with Ismaili oaths dating back to the Fāṭimid period. This work is preceded by al-Bāb al-thānī fī īḍāḥ mā warada ‘an Mawlā-nā al-Ṣādiq Ja‘far b. Muḥammad fī faḍl yawm al-ghadīr (ff. 1v–2r). COPYIST: unknown. DATE: n.d.

(between 1256/1840 and 1302/1885). DESCRIPTION: 31 leaves; 10 lines per page; 130 x 97/97 x 60 mm.; very clear black naskhī; ‘kabīkaj’ formula on f. 2r. See also [155/1033];[169/993]. REFERENCES: Gacek,

IIS, vol.1 (no.3); Goriawala, 163; Ivanow, IL, 368; Poonawala, p.343 (no.210). TRANSLATIONS: Husain, Gulzare Daudi, pp. 125–38 (art. for men only). See H. Halm, ‘The Isma‘ili Oath of Allegiance (‘ahd) and the “Sessions of Wisdom” (majālis al-ḥikma) in Fatimid Times,’ in Daftary, MIHT, pp.91–115. [141/890]

al-Ḥajar al-aswad A Gujarati text on manāsik (rituals of the pilgrimage) in Arabic script in two parts, the first on the esoteric meaning of the Black Stone and the second on Mecca. COPYIST: unknown. DATE: n.d.

(early 14th/20th century). DESCRIPTION: 18 leaves; 12 lines per page; 140 x 105/100 x 70 mm.; clear black naskhī (lighter ink and different hand at the end of each part); text within double-ruled red frame. See also [168/887];[174/883];[178/877]. [142/913] Iḥyā marāsim al-dīn A work, possibly dating back to the 6th/12th century, defending the rights to the Imamate of al-Ṭayyib against the claims of al-Ḥāfiẓ following the death of the Fāṭimid Imam-caliph al-Āmir in 524/1130. The work also deals with doctrinal issues by attempting to clarify what is meant by ‘temporary Imam’, ‘real Imam’, period of occultation of the Imam, and the necessity for the eternal permanence of the Imamate on earth. COPYIST: [Mullā

Ghulām ‘Alī b. ‘Abd al-Ḥusayn Shūrā]. DATE: n.d. (first quarter of 14th/20th century). DESCRIPTION: 51 leaves; 11 lines per page; 169 x 108/120 x 75 mm.; clear black naskhī; headings, words, punctuation and quotations in red; slightly worm-eaten; incomplete at the end. REFERENCES: Gacek,

IIS, vol.1 (no.34); Ivanow, IL, 186; al-Majdū‘, p. 199, Poonawala, p. 332 (no. 49). [143/923]

Khuṭbat Rasūl Allāh (al-juz’ al-awwal) A work containing extracts of sayings and sermons attributed to the Prophet Muḥammad. It is divided into 40 ḥadīths or khuṭab. COPYIST: ‘Abbās‘alī b.

Najaf ‘Alī. DATE: 21 Jumāda’l-ūlā 1333/5 April 1915 DESCRIPTION: 2 fly-leaves of index within a pencilled and red grid, 49 pp.; 10 lines per page; 170 x 102/120 x 60 mm.; black naskhī (index in a later hand); red and purple headings; occasional pencilled annotations in English and corrections in margins; first half of text within crude double frame. REFERENCES:

Poonawala, p.340 (no. 171). Al-Majdū‘ (p.63) lists a work by a similar title, but it does not seem to be the same as the present work. [144/891]

al-Majālis al-‘āshūriyya (Majālis 1–8) Written at the time of the 43rd Dā’ūdī dā‘ī muṭlaq ‘Abd-i ‘Alī Sayf al-Dīn (d.1232/1817) (q.v.), these sermons were delivered during the month of Muḥarram. They deal mainly with the excellence of ‘Alī and Fāṭima, and the martyrdom of their son Ḥusayn. COPYIST: unknown. DATE: Friday

16 Rajab 1275/18 February 1859. DESCRIPTION: 176 leaves; 15 lines per page; 223 x 133/150 x 80 mm.; black naskhī; occasional red marks and words; list of contents (f.1r) and some marginal annotations in blue; wormholes at times badly affecting text. REFERENCES: Gacek,

IIS, vol.1 (no.75); Goriawala, 170; Poonawala, Ρ.335 (no.139). [145/1027]

Kitāb mizān al-ḥaqā’iq A treatise attributed to ‘Alī b. Muḥammad b. al-Walīd (q.v.). Its aim, as stated in the introduction, is to rectify the works of authoritative Ismaili authors where doctrines on unity, intellect, soul, matter, law, prophethood, revelation, Imamate, rituals, etc., have been wrongly dealt with. Ṭayyib b. Ibrāhīm b. Khān. Written at the time of Ibrāhīmjī b. ‘Abd al-Qādir b. Mullā Khān,17 the 39th Dā‘ūdī dā‘ī, mentioned in the colophon. DATE: 4 Dhu’l-qa‘da 1158/27 November 1745. DESCRIPTION: 212 pp.; 14 lines per page; 210 x 148/145 x 100 mm.; clear black naskhī; title, headings, words and final part of the colophon in red; corrections, additions and annotations in the margins; soiled and very water-stained; slightly worm-eaten. COPYIST:

REFERENCES: Goriawala,

176–7; al-Majdū‘, pp.139–40; Poonawala, p.321 (no.40). [146/861]

Kitāb al-muntakhab min al-da‘ā’im (al-juz’ al-thānī) A work consisting mainly of extracts from authoritative sources such as the Da‘ā’im al-Islām (q.v.), Kitāb al-yanbū‘, Kitāb al-iqtiṣār and Mukhtaṣar al-āthār (q.v.) by al-Qāḍī al-Nu‘mān (q.v.). Other selections are from Jāmi‘ al-ḥaqā’iq (q.v.) by Ḥātim b. Ibrāhīm al-Ḥāmidī (q.v.), Kitāb al-riḍā’ by Ja‘far b. Manṣūr al-Yaman (q.v.) and the Masā’il by Amīnjī b. Jalāl (q.v.). This work, intended for the Dā’ūdī Bohra community, deals with jurisprudence in general and codes of conduct, concerning in particular clothing, medical remedies, marriage and sex, payment of zakāt, etc. ‘Abbās b. Mullā Muḥammad ‘Alī al-Pūrī. Copied at the time of Abū Muḥammad Ṭāhir Sayf al-Dīn (q.v.), mentioned in the colophon. DATE: 29 Shawwāl 1340/24 June 1922. DESCRIPTION: 48 leaves; 18 lines per page; 229 x 144/146 x 90 mm.; clear black naskhī vocalised in red; some marginal annotations; slightly worm-eaten. COPYIST:

[147/941] Risāla li-ba‘ḍ ḥudūd al-dīn The introduction of this work is virtually identical to that of Risālat tuḥfat al-murtād wa ghuṣṣat al-aḍdād (q.v.) by ‘Alī b. Muḥammad b. al-Walīd. However, the rest of the text, after ‘ammā ba‘d’, differs completely from the Tuḥfat al-murtād. It is divided in 30 short fuṣūl and ends with a qaṣīda. It deals with the establishment of the Imamate and the ranks of the Ismaili hierarchy, particularly that of the ḥujja. It is heavily based on the works of ‘Abdān, al-Qāḍī al-Nu‘mān (q.v.), Ja‘far b. Manṣūr al-Yaman (q.v.), al-Mu’ayyad fi’l-Dīn al-Shīrāzī (q.v.) and Ḥamīd al-Dīn al-Kirmānī (q.v.). It quotes extracts from the sermons of the Imams, especially al-Mu‘izz and al-Mustanṣir, and part of a letter sent by al-‘Azīz to Walīd b. al-‘Uqba, a dā‘ī in Sind, and al-Āmir’s Hidāya. COPYIST: unknown. DATE: n.d.

(first quarter of 14th/20th century). DESCRIPTION: 69 pp.; 13 lines per page; 225 x 140/145 x 75 mm.; clear black naskhī; title, page numbers, occasional words and punctuation in red; a very few additions and corrections in the margins. [148/915] Kitāb al-taḥdhīr wa’l-tandhīr A didactic text containing admonitions and parables meant for those who go astray. The work ends with a description of the characteristics of good people who the author categorises in ten ranks. Sulṭān b. Ja‘farphā’ī (sic) b. Miyānphā’ī (sic) b. Miyān Khānjī b. Sulaymānjī b. Miyān Ḥasanjī, in Kapadwanj. DATE: The night of 4 Jumāda’l-ūkhrā 1181/27 October 1767. DESCRIPTION: 2 fly-leaves of index within pencilled and red grid; 163 pp.; 11 lines per page; 162 x 122/105 x 80 mm.; black naskhī (index in a later hand); headings and punctuation in red; several marginal corrections and annotations; wormholes at times affecting text. COPYIST:

REFERENCES: Goriawala,

184; Ivanow, IL, 419; al-Majdū‘, pp.55–6; Poonawala, p.339 (no.166). [149/862]

Taqwīm al-aḥkām An abridgement of the Da‘ā’im al-Islām (q.v.), this is a summary of legal rules commonly used as a reference book. It is a modern work sometimes erroneously attributed to al-Qāḍī al-Nu‘mān (q.v.). COPYIST: unknown. DATE: n.d.

(early 14th/20th century). DESCRIPTION: 85 leaves; 15 lines per page; 209 x 154/145 x 99 mm.; clear black naskhī; occasional words in red pencil; slightly worm-eaten.

REFERENCES: Fyzee,

QN, p.31 (no.1); Poonawala, p.67 (no.57). See Husain, Gulzare Daudi, p.83. [150/919]

Ta’wīl manāsik al-ḥajj fi’l-bāṭin ilā bayt Allāh al-ḥarām wa ziyārat qabr al-Nabī A short treatise on manāsik dealing with the allegorical interpretation of rituals required during the pilgrimage to Mecca and the visit to the Prophet’s tomb in Medina. The Dā’ūdī Bohras attribute it to ‘Abd-i ‘Alī ‘Imād al-Dīn b. Jīwābhā’ī Shāhjahānpūrī (q.v.). b. ‘Alī al-Kāthyāwārī al-Gādahkarwī, of the Madrasa Ḥakīmiyya, Burhānpūr.18 DATE: Wednesday 22 Sha‘bān 1332/15 July 1914. DESCRIPTION: 143 pp.; 8 lines per page; 135 x 105/90 x 65 mm.; black naskhī; title in red. COPYIST: Amīn

[151/1029] Same COPYIST: unknown. DATE: n.d.

(second half of 13th/19th century). DESCRIPTION: 146 pp.; 12 lines per page; 145 x 110/95 x 70 mm.; black naskhī; occasional corrections, additions and annotations in the margins (cropped); slightly worm-eaten with occasional loss of text; purple and brown binding. REFERENCES: Goriawala,

185; al-Majdū‘, p.38; Poonawala, p.339 (no.165). See Husain, Gulzare Daudi, p.84. [152/892]

Waṣīyyat rasūl Allāh (or Waṣiyyat rasūl Allāh li-‘Alī, or Waṣiyyat al-nabī li-‘Alī) A testament attributed to the Prophet Muḥammad and addressed to ‘Alī. The text belongs to the Tayyibī branch of Ismailism but the period of its composition is uncertain. Ḥusayn Mullā Muḥammad ‘Alī, in Kapadwanjwālā, Mumba’ī. DATE: 16 Rajab 1330/30 June 1912. DESCRIPTION: 45 pp.; 13 lines per page; 212 x 135/164 x 90 mm.; clear black naskhī; page numbering, title and ‘yā ‘Alī’ in red; occasional marginal annotations. COPYIST: Fidā’

[153/976] Same COPYIST: unknown. DATE: n.d.

(mid-13th/19th century). DESCRIPTION: 43 leaves; 11 lines per page; 178 x 130/105 x 75 mm.; black naskhī; title and invocations in red; several corrections and additions in the margins; ff. 1, 2, 10, 35 and 43 badly cropped but without loss of text; purple sheep binding with blind-stamped frames and pasted-down paper medallions on the covers, no flap.

See also [163/912], a Gujarati translation in Arabic script. REFERENCES: Poonawala,

p.346 (no.238).

This section includes miscellaneous Ismaili works grouped within single manuscripts. Within each of the following entries the works are, on the whole, listed according to the sequence in which they appear in the respective manuscript. Where the author is sufficiently known, a brief biographical note is added unless such a note has been provided for the same author elsewhere in this catalogue. The same principle applies for most of the treatises, where a brief outline of the contents is offered unless the same work has been already described. [154/994] 1. al-Nīsābūrī, Aḥmad b. Muḥammad (or Ibrāhīm) (q.v.) Kitāb al-tawḥīd, pp. 1–14. The only known manuscript of this work attributed to Aḥmad al-Nīsābūrī (q.v.) on unity, the ḥudūd, the ‘silent’ and ‘speaking’ souls, creation, ta’wīl and ḥaqā’iq in general; defective at the end. 2. [Qaṣā’id], pp.15–64; 127–31; 184–93; 201–34 A selection of poetical works: (i) An unidentified text, p. 15 (ii) Imām Ḥusayn b. ‘Alī, pp.16–20, attributed. Same in [156/1018];[157/1038]. Other works in [166/882]. (iii) ‘Amr b. al-’Āṣ, pp.20–1, attributed. (iv) Ba’ḍ al-‘ārifīn, pp.21–31, 53–64, 127–31, 201–34. Others in [155/1033];[157/1038]. (v) al-Bazā’ī, Muḥammad b. al-Faḍl b. ‘Alī, pp.31–42, repeated on pp. 184–93. Same in [157/1038];[171/1017]. (vi) Shaykh Muḥammad, pp.43–5. Others in [176/1031]. (vii) al-Dādīkhī, Qays b. Manṣūr. Part of al-Qaṣīda al-mīmiyya, pp. 45–51. This poem in praise of the Ahl al-Bayt was written in Alamūt at the time of ‘Alā’ al-Dīn Muḥammad. Al-Dādīkhī was born in Dādīkh near Aleppo in 597/1200 and was in Alamūt around the time of the Mongol conquest of the fortress. ‘Ā. Tāmir maintains that he died during the siege. However, M. Ghālib places his

death in Aleppo in 655/1257. Same in [157/1038]. (viii) Anon. Qaṣīd fī sharḥ al-madīna, pp.51–3. 3. al-Qāḍī al-Nu‘mān (q.v.) Masā’il al-Nu‘mān, pp.65–9. Possibly an extract from Masā’il fiqhiyya. See [81/1014]. 4. Anon. Traditions attributed to ‘Alī b. Abī Ṭālib, pp.69–94. Refers to correspondence from the Prophet Muḥammad to the Jews of Medina. 5. Anon. Risāla fi’l-ṣanā’i‘ al-mu ‘allamiyya kammiyyat al-‘ulūm (sic), pp.95–116. A philosophical work divided into short fuṣūl on body, soul, science, the spiritual and physical worlds. 6. Miscellaneous prayers, pp. 116–27. 7. al-Khurāsānī, Ibrāhīm Siyāḥat al-Sulṭān Ibrāhīm al-Khurāsānī, pp. 132–46. A collection of poems. 8. Anon. [Risāla min kalām Salmān al-Fārisī … ‘an Rasūl Allāh], pp. 147–68 (incomplete at the beginning and the end). Divided into four chapters on the knowledge of God and tawḥīd, physical and spiritual characteristics of the human being, the origin of man and his return (ma‘ād), reward and punishment. The work is structured around a dialogue between the Prophet Muḥammad and Salmān al-Fārisī. Same in [176/1031]. 9. al-Ṣūfī al-Baghdādī Qaṣīd min … al-Ṣūfi al-Baghdādī, pp. 168–82. 10. Unidentified qaṣīd, pp. 183–4. 11. al-‘Awnī Qaṣīd min … al-‘Awnī, pp. 193–201. Other poems in [157/1038]. (8) and (9) Muḥammad b. Saqar? al-’Īzawqī.19 DATE: (1) Muḥarram 1210/July 1795. DESCRIPTION: 234 pp.; 10 to 14 lines per page; 212 × 160/155 × 115 mm.; 190 × 120/175 × 110 mm.; 203 × 145/165 × 112 mm.; crude black, blue and sepia naskhī by different hands; soiled and water-stained, occasional loss of text. COPYIST:

REFERENCES: For

al-Nīsābūrī (1) M. Ghālib, A‘lām, p.90; Poonawala, p.92 (no.4). For al-Bazā’ī (2,v), Ivanow, IL, 801 and Poonawala, p.297. For al-Dādīkhī (2,vii), Ghālib, A‘lām, p.432; Poonawala, p.292. For al-Nu‘mān (3), Poonawala, p.68 (no.62). [155/1033] 1. Anon. [Akhdh al-‘ahd ‘alā al-mustajīb], ff.1r–3r. The text of an lsmaili oath of allegiance. See also [140/881];[169/993]. 2. Unidentified text, ff.3r–14v. 3. [Qaṣā’id], ff. 14v–34v. A selection of poetical works: (i) An unidentified shi‘r, f. 14v. (ii) Abū Sa‘īd, ff.15r–15v. Other poems in [160/1039]. (iii) Ba‘ḍ al–‘ārifīn, ff.15v–16v; 20v–24v. Other poems in [154/994];[157/1038]. (iv) Amīr al-Mu’minīn ‘Alī, ff.17r–20v; 25r–28v; 31v–34v, attributed. Other poems in [171/1017];[176/1031]. Other work in [166/882]. (v) Abū Firās al-Hamdānī, ff.24r–25r. (vi) ‘Amr al-Fāriḍ, ff.28v–29r. (vii) Unidentified qaṣīd, ff.29r–31r. 4. Anon. Masā’il Jābir ilā Mawlā–nā al–Ṣādiq, ff.34v–43v. 5. Anon. Faṣl fī mumāthalat tarkīb jasad al-insān bi’l-arkān al–arba‘a, ff.44r–50v. On the human body, soul, spirit and intellect. 6. Unidentified work, ff.51r–68v. Consisting of a martaba on faith and ethics, including chapters on faithlessness, treachery, malice, moderation, etc. 7. Miscellaneous extracts in prose and poetry, ff.69r–79r. 8. Ikhwān al–Ṣafā’ (q.v.) Risāla majmū‘a min zubd Ikhāwn al–Ṣafā’, ff.79r–86v.

9. [Qaṣā’id], ff. 86v–100v. A selection of poetical works: (i) al-Mu‘addil, Ḥasan b. Aḥmad b. ‘Alī. ff.86v–88v. Regarded as one of the leading Nizārī dā‘īs of Syria, he was born in a village near Qadmūs towards the end of the 6th/12th century. During his youth he attended the schools attached to various Ismaili castles in Syria where he was instructed in Ismaili doctrines. A few treatises are attributed to him, but he excelled in the composition of philosophical poetry. He died around 658/1259. Other poems in [157/1038]; [159/999]; [171/1017]. Other works in [156/1018];[170/1036]. (ii) Ibn Ḥadīd, ff.89r–90v. (iii) Muḥyi’l-Dīn [b. ‘Arabī], ff.92r–92v, attributed. (iv) al-Baṣrī, ‘Āmir. Part of ishārāt 7–12 of Qaṣīdat al-tā’iyyāt, ff.93r–100v. Very little is known about this Nizārī Ismaili author. He lived in the 8th/14th century and, according to Yves Marquet, was active as dā‘ī (possibly as chief dā‘ī) in the region of Sīwās in Turkey. His complete name is probably ‘Izz al-Dīn Abu’l-Faḍl ‘Āmir al-Baṣrī, known under the name of Ūshīdhār. The Qaṣīdat al-tā’iyyāt is a poem consisting of 506 verses divided into 13 ‘lights’ dealing with God, Soul, Intellect, prophethood, Imamate and other ranks, doctrinal disputes, the advent of the Qā’im and the Qiyāma, moral precepts for purification of the soul as well as doctrinal disputes. Others in [159/999];[170/1036]. 10. Unidentified text, ff.101r–104v. Mainly on the soul. It includes a chapter on knowledge of the physical and spiritual worlds. COPYIST: unknown. DATE:

Fol.31v carries the date 15 Kanūn al-awwal 1210/28 September 1795. DESCRIPTION: 104 leaves; approx. 16 lines per page; 210 × 160/160 x 120 mm.; black (occasionally blue) naskhī in different hands; ff.51r–58v with faded red text; soiled, loose leaves, frayed edges; defective in the middle, incomplete at the end. REFERENCES: For

al-Mu‘addil (9,i), Ghālib, A‘lām, pp.207–8; Poonawala, p.291 (no.3). For al-Baṣrī (9,iv),Y. Marquet, Poésié ésotérique lsmaïlienne: La Tā’iyya de ‘Āmir b. ‘Āmir al-Baṣrī, (Fr. and Ar.), Paris, 1985; ‘Ā.Tāmir (ed.), Arba‘ Rasā’il Ismā‘īliyya, Salamiyya, 1952, pp. 103–33. See also ‘A. Maghribī’s edition, Damascus, 1367/1948. [156/1018] 1. al-Shādilī, Abū Manṣūr [al-Yamānī] (q.v.) According to M. Ghālib, he was possibly born in al-Shādiliyya in North Africa. Kitāb al-bayān li-mabāḥith al-ikhwān, ff.1v–76r. Divided into seven mabāḥith’ on unity, creation of the worlds, ‘speaking’ and ‘sensitive’ souls, Imamate and ranks of the Ismaili hierarchy, human beings, knowledge of the earth and celestial spheres, the oath of

allegiance. Same in [175/1030]. 2. Anon. Qaṣīd, ff.76v–78v. Attributed to the Imam Ḥusayn b. ‘Alī. Same in [154/994];[157/1038]; other work in [166/882]. 3. Anon. Majālis, ff.78v–133v. Sermons attributed to the Imam Zayn al-‘Ābidīn. 4. Anon. Riwāya ‘an Jābir b. ‘Abd Allāh al-Kūfī, ff. 133v–162v. 5. al-Mu‘addil, Ḥasan b. Aḥmad b. ‘Alī (q.v.) Risālā [ma’rīfat al-nafs al-nāṭiqa], ff.162v–174r. A philosophical work on the rational soul and hidden sciences. Same in [170/1036]; other works in [155/1033];[157/1038];[159/999];[171/1017]. 6. Anon. Ḥadīth, ff. 174r–9v. Tradition attributed to ‘Alī b. Abī Ṭālib. 7. al-Kirmānī, Ḥamīd al-Dīn (q.v.) Usbū‘ dawr al-satr, ff. 17gv–87r. A short prose and poetical work attributed to al-Kirmānī on the seven cycles of prophethood, each corresponding to a time of concealment of the esoteric meaning of the divine law. Each cycle is symbolically associated with a day of the week. 8. Sinān, Rāshid al-Dīn Known in the West through the Crusaders as the ‘Old Man of the Mountain’, Rāshid al-Dīn is one of the most important figures in the history of Syrian Ismailism during the Alamūt period. Born near Baṣra in Iraq into a Shī‘ī family, he converted to Ismailism in his youth. He went to Alamūt where he befriended the future Imam Ḥasan ‘alā dhikri-hi’l-salām, who later proclaimed the Qiyāma in 559/1164. Once Ḥasan took the Nizārī leadership in 557/1162, he appointed Sinān as head of the Syrian branch of the da‘wa. Under his leadership the Syrian Ismailis enjoyed a period of overall political and military stability. He died in 589/1193. Manāqib al-mawlā Rāshid al-Dīn, ff.189r–223r (defective). Fragments attributed to Sinān dealing mainly with self-knowledge as a means to knowledge of God. These fragments have also been attributed to Abū Firās Shihāb al-Dīn al-Maynaqī (q.v.), here indicated as the compiler of this work.

9. Miscellaneous poetry, ff.223v–230v. Rājī Luṭf al-Walī Aḥmad ‘Abduh ‘Alī b. al-Shaykh Ḥaydar. DATE: (8) Friday, Rajab 1241/1825; (9) 1241/1825. DESCRIPTION: 231 leaves; approx. 13 lines per page; 163 x 113/130 x 85 mm.; black naskhī; title, headings and colophons in red; polychrome panels (one with calligraphy) ff.223r, 230r; occasional marginal annotations; f. 145 torn without loss of text; soiled and water-stained; contemporary sheepskin binding, with flap. COPYIST:

REFERENCES:

For al-Shādilī (1), Gacek, IIS, vol.1 (no.47); Ghālib, A‘lām, p.315; Poonawala, p.296 (no.1). For al-Mu‘addil (5), Ghālib, A‘lām, pp.207–8; Ivanow, IL, 793; Poonawala, p.291 (no.1). For al-Kīrmānī (7), Ivanow, IL, 776–B; Poonawala, p. 102 (no.35). For Sinān (8), Poonawala, p.290 (no.1); F. Daftary, ‘Rāshid al-Dīn Sinān,’ EI2, vol.8, pp.442–3. EDITIONS: For al-Shādilī (1), Abū Manṣūr al-Yamānī, Kitāb al-bayān li-mabāḥith al-ikhwān, ed. M. Ghālib, Salamiyya, 1375/1956. For al-Mu‘addil (5), M. Ghālib (ed.), Risālatāni ismā‘īlitāni as stated by Ghālib in A‘lām, p.315. For al-Kīrmānī (7), ‘Ā. Tāmir (ed.), Arba‘ rasā’il Ismā‘īliyya, Salamiyya, 1952, pp.59–66. For Sinān (8), M. Ghālib, Sinān Rāshid al-Dīn, Beirut, 1967, pp. 163–214. EXTRACTS AND TRANSLATIONS: For Sinān (8), S. Guyard, ‘Fragments relatifs à la doctrine des Ismaélîs,’ (ed. and Fr. trans.), Notices et Extraits des Manuscrits, 22 (1874), pp.177–428; S. Guyard, ‘Un grand maître des Assassins au temps de Saladin,’ Journal Asiatique, 9 (1877), pp.387–489. See also M.G. Hodgson, The Order of Assassins, The Hague, 1955, pp. 199–201. [157/1038] 1. Unidentified poetry, pp. 1–12 (incomplete). 2. Anon. Tafsīr masā’il, pp. 13–112. Commentary on questions about purity, verses of the Qur’ān, the command ‘kun’, creation, the Ismaili oath of allegiance, the animal world, esoteric meaning of pilgrimage to Mecca, prayer, Ādam and Iblīs, primordial Ādam, etc. Same in [160/1039]. 3. Unidentified work, pp. 112–80. Text and poetry on Imamate, Ismaili hierarchy, esoteric knowledge, intellect and body, created world, etc. 4. Anon. Risālat al-īḍāḥ, pp. 180–207. On the various qualities of divine light, intellect, spirit and souls, Ismaili hierarchy etc. 5. [Qaṣā’id], pp.207–43. Selection of poetical works: (i) al-Mu‘addil, Ḥasan (q.v.), pp.207–25. Other poems in [155/1033];[159/999];[171/1017]; other works in

[156/1018];[170/1036]. (ii) al-‘Awnī, pp.225–33. Other poems in [154/994] and here below. (iii) Unidentified poetry, pp.233–40. (iv) Shaykh Yūnus, pp.241–3. 6. Anon. Maw‘iẓa ḥasana min kalām Zayn al-‘Ābidīn, pp.244–63. Prayers and invocations attributed to the Imam Zayn al-‘Ābidīn. Other work in [156/1018]. 7. Anon. al-Najafiyya (or Qaṣīda al-najafiyya (sic) fi madḥ Amīr al-Mu’minīn), pp.263–72. Ode in praise of ‘Alī b. Abī Ṭālib and the city of Najaf. Same in [172/997] (up to p.272, line 4). 8. Qaṣīd mukhammas fī madḥ al-Imām, p.272. 9. Anon. [Risāla], pp.273–316. A didactic text on tawḥīd, ḥudūd, ma‘ād and esoteric meanings of religious practices. 10. Anon. Risālat al-istibṣār wa’l-iqlā‘ ‘an al-aḥrār wa’l-i‘tirāf bi’l-dhunūb, pp.316–64. Divided into three sections: on prayers and abstinence from sin; on the reprimand of the soul and the recognition of divine grace, and the third on the early morning vigil. 11. Anon. Kitāb min Muḥammad b. ‘Abd Allāh, pp. 365–88. 12. [Qaṣā’id], pp. 388–514. Selection of poetical works: (i) al-Ḥājj Khiḍr, pp. 388–408, pp. 441–9. Pp. 451–61 same as [171/1017], (ff.43v–6v). Other poems in [171/1017]. (ii) al-Ghazālī, Shaykh Muḥammad, pp. 408–10, attributed. (iii) al-Mu‘addil, Ḥasan (q.v.). Qaṣīd mukhammas, pp. 411–17. Other poems in [155/1033]; [159/999]; [171/1017]. Other works in [156/1018];[170/1036]. (iv) al-Dādīkhī, Qays (q.v.). Part of the Qaṣīda mīmiyya, pp.417–41. Same in [154/994]. (v) Ba‘ḍ al-‘arifin, pp. 449–51, pp.506–14. Other poems in [154/994]; [155/1033]. (vi) al-‘Awnī, pp. 462–77. Other poems in [154/994].

(vii) al-Bazā‘ī, Muḥammad b. al-Faḍl b. ‘Alī, pp. 477–88. Same in [154/994];[171/1017]. (viii) Unidentified poem, pp. 488–96. (ix) Imam Ḥusayn b. ‘Alī, pp. 496–506, attributed. Same in [154/994];[156/1018]. Other work in [166/882]. COPYIST: unknown. DATE:

Fragment pasted on endpaper carries date 1253/1837. DESCRIPTION: 514 pp.; average 10 to 13 lines per page; 155x105/130 x 80 mm.; black naskhī; very rarely annotated in pencil or ink (ink dedication to The Institute of Ismaili Studies dated 23–8–1990, p.3); soiled and water-stained; incomplete at beginning and end and defective in the middle. For Qaṣīda mīmiyya (12), see [154/994]. For al-Mu‘addil (1 2,iii), see [155/1033]. For al-Bazā‘ī (1 2,vii), see [154/994]. REFERENCES:

[158/955] 1. al-Qāḍī al-Nu‘mān (q.v.) Mafātīḥ al-ni’ma, pp. 1–79. Attributed to al-Qāḍī al-Nu‘mān, this is a treatise in the form of an answer to Abu’l-Ḥasan al-Baghdādī’s enquiry about the necessity of obeying the Imams. The author bases his argument around the Qur’ān: 11, Sūra Yūsuf. 2. al-Walīd, ‘Alī b. Ḥusayn [b. ‘Alī b. Muḥammad b. Ja‘far b. Ibrāhīm] He became the ninth Ṭayyibī dā‘ī muṭlaq of Yemen, succeeding his father Ḥusayn (q.v.) in 667/1268. His leadership saw the temporary transfer of the seat of the da‘wa from Ṣan‘ā’, which had become unsafe, to ‘Arūs, controlled by the friendly Hamdānids. Meanwhile in Ṣan‘ā’ missionary activities were carried out by the dā‘ī’s representatives, al-Qāḍī al-Ḥusayn b. ‘Alī Ḥanẓala and Shaykh Asad b. Hātim Sakhānī. Eventually ‘Alī returned to Ṣan‘ā’ where he died in 682/1284. al-Risāla al-kāmila fī ma‘nā al-thalāth al-layālī al-fāḍila, pp. 80–120. A short treatise in three chapters dealing with the esoteric meaning of three important dates in the Fāṭimid Ismaili calendar: 27 Rajab, 15 Sha‘bān and Laylat al-Qadr. It also deals with the prayers recited on these occasions. (1), Fidā’ Ḥusayn b. Muḥammad ‘Alī of Pālanpūr, Gujarāt. Written in Wādī Pālanpūr at the time of Abu’l-Faḍl ‘Abd Allāh Badr al-Dīn (q.v.), mentioned in the colophon; (2), Ismā‘īl b. ‘Īsābhā’ī. Written in Mardasūy at the time of ‘Abd al-Qādir Najm al-Dīn (q.v.). DATE: (1) 17 Jumāda’l-ūlā 1325/27 June 1907; (2) Wednesday 22 Dhu’l-ḥijja 1263/30 November 1847. DESCRIPTION: 120 pp.; 10 lines per page (ff. 1–79), 13 lines per page (ff.80–120); 175 x 100/125 x 65 mm. (ff.1–79); 145 x 88/105 x 60 mm. (ff.80–120); clear black naskhī; title, headings and punctuation in red in the COPYIST:

second part of the manuscript; paper cracked (sometimes with loss of text) in part one; corrections in the margins in part two. REFERENCES:

For al-Nu‘mān (1), Gacek, IIS, vol. 1 (no.74); Ivanow, IL, 81; al-Majdū‘, p.187; Poonawala, p.66

(no.53). For al-Walīd (2), Gacek, IIS, vol.1 (no.117); GAL, SI, p.716; Goriawala, 128; Ivanow, IL, 261; Poonawala, p. 166 (no.1). [159/999] 1. Anon. Risāla [isti‘qād al-ismā’īliyya], pp.3–169. A treatise in 12 chapters on the unity of God; the knowledge of Ādam; the genealogy of the Prophet; the family of ‘Imrān; the true walī al-amr, those versed in knowledge; the believer and the oath of allegiance; the rules of Islām and imān; the superiority of the believers; Hindu doctrines; the differences among the Shī‘a and the knowledge of the Imam; the true believers and the inner meaning of rabb al-‘ālamīn. 2. al-Mu‘addil, Ḥasan b. Aḥmad b. ‘Alī (q.v.) Qaṣīd min kalām Ḥasan b. Aḥmad b. ‘Alī al-Mu‘addil, pp. 170–1; (pp. 172–7 blank). Same in [171/1017] (f.32r). Other poems in [155/1033];[57/1038]; other works in [156/1018];[170/1036]. 3. Prayer, p. 178 (incomplete). 4. Anon. Masā’il al-rāhib wa’l-rahbān, pp. 179–99. A short treatise based on stories related to Abū Bakr, ‘Alī, Salmān, Ja‘far al-Sādiq, etc. 5. Same as (1) above (pp.123–8), pp.199–205. 6. Unidentified qaṣīd, pp. 206–20. 7. al-Baṣrī, ‘Āmir (q.v.) [Qaṣīdat al-tā ’iyyāt] al-Ishāra al-thāniyya; al-Ishāra al-thālitha; al-Ishāra min qawli-hi, pp.221–6; (p.227 blank). Other ishārāt in [155/1033];[170/1036]. 8. Poem, p.228 (incomplete). 9. Invocation, p.231. COPYIST:

(1) ‘Abd Allāh b. ‘Alī b. Hamūd al-Najjār. DATE: (1) Ṣafar 1270/November 1853. DESCRIPTION: pp.3–232; between 8 and 14 lines per page; 195 x 146/approx. 160 x 115 mm.; black and blue

naskhī by different hands; numbers in red ink (pp.3–169) and blue and red ink annotations and corrections throughout text (1); rather soiled; the first leaf torn with slight loss of text; defective at the beginning. REFERENCES: For

al-Mu‘addil (2), see [155/1033];[157/1038];[171/1017]. For al-Baṣrī (7), see [155/1033];[170/1036]. [160/1039] 1. Anon. [Kitāb al-tawḥīd], pp. 1–90. A compendium divided into fuṣūl on the esoteric significance of tawḥīd, prayer, the mosque, miḥrāb and qibla, ablution, the status of the soul after death, the absolute reality of humanity, Friday prayer, zakāt; ḥajj etc. Most of the work is based on traditions attributed to Ja‘far al-Ṣādiq. It includes Faṣl min kalām Rāshid al-Dīn (pp. 200–2); Faṣl fi ma ‘rifat al-tawhīd ‘an al-Shiblī (pp.202–29); Kitāb mukhtaṣar fī kalām al-sharā’i‘ (pp.229–81); Bāb khāṣṣiyat al-lams (pp.281–6). Kitāb mukhtaṣar begins with a description of the role of the ḥujjas and a list of the twelve ‘jazīras’ where they operate – Rūm, the Slav region, Fars, the Turkish region, the Berber region, Daylam, Hind, Sind, China, Zanj, Abyssinia and the Arab region. The work deals mainly with the rank of ḥujja, numerological speculation, correspondences with letters of the alphabet and metaphysical hierarchy. It also includes sections on the esoteric meaning of zakāt and ḥajj, and the spiritual and material worlds. Same in [170/1036];[176/1031] 2. Abū Ja‘far Muḥammad Risāla min kalām Abā (sic) Ja‘far Muḥammad (or Faṣl al-nūrayn), pp.90–117. Traditions referring to the interpretation of the light verse (Qur’ān, 24:35) in Ismaili esoteric doctrines. Same in [175/1030]. 3. Unidentified poetry, pp. 117–20. 4. Anon. Tafsīr masā ’il, pp. 120–54. Same in [157/1038]. 5. Abu’l-Fawāris, Aḥmad b. Ya’qūb According to M. Ghālib, he was born in 360/970 in Tripoli (Syria), received instruction in Ismaili doctrines in Qadmūs and then went to Cairo. He returned to Syria, on al-Ḥākim’s orders, to carry out his missionary duties there. He died in 413/1022. Mukhtaṣara min fuṣūl bayt al-da‘wa jama’a-hā al-shaykh Abi’l-Fawāris, pp. 156–74. A short treatise dealing with tawḥīd, tajrīd and tanzīh. 6. Unidentified text, pp. 174–9.

7. Unidentified poetry, pp. 180–7. 8. Abū Sa‘īd Riwāya … ‘an Muḥyi’l-Dīn [b.] al-‘Arabī, pp. 188–90. This consists of 26 couplets of poetry. Other poems in [155/1033]. 9. Anon. Unidentified text, pp. 190–4 (incomplete) Part of a text with eschatological contents. 10. al-Mas‘ūdī, Abu’l-Ḥasan ‘Alī b. al-Ḥusayn Born in Baghdad around 280/893, he devoted himself to the study of religious sciences, law and literature. His fervent intellectual curiosity and thirst for knowledge brought him close to the most eminent scholars of his time. He expanded his knowledge by travelling widely, also outside the Muslim world. A. Miguel has suggested that he might have travelled as an emissary of the Ismailis but there is no conclusive evidence to support this view. However, al-Mas‘ūdī’s sympathies for Twelver Shī‘ism are undisputed. His prolific literary production includes works on history and geography, Imamate, heresiography, theology and philosophy. He died in 345/956. [Kitāb murūj al-dhahab wa ma‘ādin al-jawhar fī tuḥaf al-ashrāf min al-mulūk wa ahl al-dirāyāt], pp. 195–438. Chapters 70–87 of al-Mas‘ūdī’s famous historical work. The present section covers the period from the birth of the Prophet Muḥammad to the caliphate of Mu’awiya. Kḥudr b. al-Shaykh Muḥammad al-Ḥajj, except (5) which is by Aḥmad b. al-Shaykh Khuḍr.20 DATE: (1) [1]287/1870; (2) 15 Safar [1]287/16 May 1870; (3) [12]87/1870; (4) 20 Ṣafar 1287/21 May 1870; (5) 3 Rabī‘ al-awwal 1302/20 December 1884; (6) 1299/1881; (9) 22 ‘awr (sic) 1285/1868. DESCRIPTION: 438 pp.; average 16 to 20 lines per page; 230 x 185/185 x 145 mm.; black naskhi with text in red between pp. 101 and 120; inserted section in a different hand (pp. 156–94) with light blue and purple calligraphic devices in muḥaqqaq style; some annotations and corrections in the margins (occasionally in pencil); slightly soiled; defective at the beginning and in the middle. COPYIST:

REFERENCES:

For Abu’l-Fawāris (5), Ghālib, A‘lām, pp. 126–7; Poonawala, p.94 (no.2). EDITIONS AND TRANSLATIONS: For al-Mas‘ūdī (10), Kitāb murūj al-dhahab, Ar. ed. and Fr. trans. C. Barbier de Meynard and A. Pavet de Courteille, Paris, 1861–1876. For other manuscripts, editions and studies, see Ch. Pellat, ‘al-Masūdī,’ EI2, vol. 6, pp.784–89. [161/990] 1. al-Nīsābūrī, Aḥmad b. Ibrāhīm (q.v.) Kitāb istitār al-tmām wa tafarruq al-du‘āt fi’l-jazā’ir li-ṭlabi-hi, pp.1–53. Same in [68/1008];[165/954].

2. al-Yamānī, Muḥammad b. Muḥammad Probably a scribe, he lived during the time of the Fāṭimid Imam-caliph al-‘Aziz. Sīrat al-ḥājib Ja‘Jar b. ‘Alī wa khurūj al-Mahdī min Salamiyya wa wusūli-hi ilā Sijilmāsa wa khurūji-hi min-ha ilā Raqqāda, pp.53– 146. This is the autobiography of Ja‘far, the chamberlain who served al-Mahdī, the founder of the Fāṭimid dynasty, while still in Salamiyya. The work was compiled by Mḥammad b. Muḥammad al-Yamānī, who was commissioned to write it by the Imam-caliph al-‘Azīz. It is one of the most important sources for the early history of Ismailism as it provides us with an insider’s knowledge of the life of al-Mahdī and the activities of the da ‘wa in its early days. Same in [165/954]. COPYIST: Ḥasan

b. Mullā Luqmānjī b. ‘Īsābhā’ī Khānjī b. Ḥasan Khān Abūjī, of Sīdhpūr. DATE: (2) 12 Sha’bān 1291/23 September 1874. DESCRIPTION: 146 pp.; 10 lines per page; 163 x 120/110 x 75 mm.; clear black naskhī; titles, punctuation, occasional words and some corrections in the margins in red. REFERENCES:

For al-Nīsābūrī (1), see [68/1008]. For al-Yamānī (2), see Poonawala, p.81 (no.1). EDITIONS AND TRANSLations : For al-Yamānī (2), Muḥammad al-Yamānī, ‘Sīrat al-ḥājib Ja‘far b. ‘Alī…,’ ed. W. Ivanow, Majallat kulliyat al-ādāb bi’l-jāmi’a al-Miṣriyya, 4 (1936) (issued 1939), pp. 107–33. Eng. trans. in W. Ivanow, IT, pp.184–223. Fr. trans. by M. Canard, ‘L’autobiographie d’un chambellan du Mahdī ‘Obeidallāh le Fāṭimide,’ in Hespéris, 39 (1952), pp.279–329; rep. in M. Canard, Miscellanea Orientalia, London, 1973, article V. STUDIES: A. Gateau, ‘La “Sīrat Ja‘far al-Ḥājib”’: contribution à l’histoire des Fatimides,’ Hespéris, 34 (1937), pp.375–96. [162/896] A collection of short works consisting mainly of questions and answers on Ismaili theosophy.

1. Anon. ‘Ishrūn mā’ida al-jismāniyya wa’l-nafsāniyya - ‘Ishrūn masā’il fi’l-ḥaqā’iq, ff. 1r–6v. On the human condition, sharī‘a and ḥaqīqa, reward and punishment, jadd, fatḥ and Khayyāl, prophets, asās and Imams, ta’wīl, spiritual and material worlds. Same in [177/899].

2. Anon. Masā’il fi’l-ḥaqā’iq ‘ishrūn, ff. 6v–1 1r. On body, universal soul and partial soul, creative and active intellects, creation, the Qā’im, relationship between the spiritual and the physical worlds.

3. al-Walīd, ‘Alī b. Muḥammad (q.v.) [al-Masā’il al-‘ishrūn fi’l-ḥaqā’iq], ff. 13v–19v (incomplete at the end). Attributed to ‘Alī b. Muḥammad b. al-Walīd (q.v.); deals with creation, the spiritual and physical worlds, return and punishment.

4. Anon. Faṣl, min kalām ba‘ḍ al-du‘āt, ff.20r–22r (defective at the beginning). On cosmology and cycles of prophethood.

5. al-Sijistānī, Abū Ya‘qūb (q.v.) Kitāb ta’līf al-arwāḥ, ff.23r–27v. Attributed to al-Sijistānī (q.v.), although his authorship is doubtful. It deals with aspects of rūḥ. 6. al-Shīrāzī, al-Mu’ayyad fi’l-Dīn (q.v.) Masā’il sa’ala ‘an-hā al-Amīr Abū Ḥamīd, b. al-Muẓaffar b. ‘Alī… [li] al-Mu’ayyad, ff.28r–29r. Three questions and answers on tawḥīd, intellect and soul after death. Attributed to al-Mu’ayyad fi’l-Dīn al-Shīrāzī. COPYIST: Name

of the copyist hidden by labels pasted on, but partially readable as Hibat Allāh walad … Bakrī? DATE: (4) Friday 18 Jumāda’l-ūkhrā 1318/12 October 1900; (5) Tuesday 8 Jumāda’l-ūkhrā; (6) Wednesday (sic) 8 Jumāda’l-ūkhrā 1318/2 October 1900. DESCRIPTION: 29 leaves; 22 lines per page; 210 x 135/162 x 98 mm.; clear black naskhī; occasional headings in red; slightly worm-eaten; defective in the middle. REFERENCES: For

(1), Poonawala, p.330 (no.96). For (2), Poonawala, p.330 (no.98). For al-Walīd (3), Goriawala, 104; Poonawala, p. 161 (no.20). For al-Sijistānī (5), Gacek, IIS, vol.1 (no. 150); Poonawala, p.88 (no.23). [163/912]

1. Anon. Kitāb al-tawrāt, ff, 1v–72r. A non-Ismaili work used by Ismailis, being a book of exhortations based on chapters of the Qur’ān. This is a Gujarati translation in Arabic script.

2. Anon. Kitāb waṣiyat rasūl Allāh, (ff.73v–127v. Gujarati translation in Arabic script.

Same in [152/892];[153/976] COPYIST: ‘Abd

al-Ḥusayn b. al-Ḥayy. DATE: (1) 1 Sha’bān 1322/10 October 1904; (2) 1322/1904. DESCRIPTION: 127 leaves; 208 x 130 mm.: (1) 12 lines per page, text area 125 x 70 mm. (2) 13 lines per page, text area 133 x 75 mm.; clear black naskhī headings and words in red. REFERENCES: For (1), as-Majdū‘, p.5; Poonawala, p.359 (no.5). For (2), see [152/892];[153/976]. [164/962]

1. al-Qāḍī al-Nu‘mān (q.v.) Ajwibat al-Qāḍi al-Nu‘mān, ff. 1V–50V. Same in [71/863];[173/970].

2. Anon. Nuskhat sijill wa radd ‘alā Hārūn b. Muḥammad, ff.50v–53v. Extract of a letter sent by the Fāṭimid Imam-caliph al-Ḥākim to his dā‘ī in Yemen, Hārūn b. Muḥammad. This version is only partially identical to other copies. From line 7 of folio 51v onwards it continues with questions and answers, the quotation of a poem and a tradition attributed to ‘Alī b. Abī Ṭālib. Partially same in [173/970]. ‘Alī Aḥmad ‘Abd al-Ḥusayn Sārangpūrī. Copied at the time of Ṭāhir Sayf al-Dīn (q.v.), mentioned in the colophon. DATE: 21 Dhu’l-qa‘da 1344/1 June 1926. DESCRIPTION: 53 leaves; 8 lines per page; 170 x 102/123 x 70 mm.; clear black naskhī; headings and verses in red; pencilled corrections throughout; a very few corrections in the margins; text within blue and red frame up to folio 32r. COPYIST:

REFERENCES: For

al-Nu‘mān (1), see [71/863]. For (2), al-Majdū‘, p.34. [165/954]

1. al-Nīsābūrī, Aḥmad b. Ibrāhīm (q.v.) Kitāb istitār al-imām wa tafarruq al-du‘āt fi’l-jazā’ir li-ṭalabi-hi, ff. 1v–12v. Same in [68/1008];[161/990].

2. al-Yamānī, Muḥammad b. Muḥammad (q.v.) Sīrat al-ḥājib Ja‘far b. ‘Alī wa khurūj al-Mahdī min Salamiyya wa wuṣūli-hi ilā Sijilmāsa wa khurūji-hi

min-ha ilā Raqqāda, ff. 12v–34r. Same in [161/990]. Faḍl Ḥusayn b. al-Shaykh Aḥmad ‘Alī al-Sanīlī b. al-Shaykh Aḥmad ‘Alī b. al-Shaykh Ṭayyib‘alī b. Mullā Muḥammad b. Mullā Ḥasanjī b. Mullā ‘Abd al-Rasūl Bakhtwār. Written in ‘Amālatī’ Narsanagar, at the time of Ṭāhir Sayf al-Dīn (q.v.), mentioned in colophon. DATE: 10 Dhu’l-qa‘da 1349/28 March 1931. DESCRIPTION: 34 leaves; 15 lines per page; 200 x 135/120 x 80 mm.; clear black naskhī; titles and occasional words in red; some corrections in the margins. COPYIST:

[166/882] Majmū‘at ad‘iyyat al-ayyām al-sab‘a min yawm al-aḥad ilā yawm al-sabt min al-ṣaḥīfa al-yamaniyya A collection of devotional prayers for every day of the week. This selection from al-ṣaḥīfa al-yamaniyya includes a compilation attributed to the sixth Yemeni dā‘ī muṭlaq ‘Alī b. Ḥanẓala (q.v.) (see Gacek, IIS, vol. 1 [no. 1]), as well as extracts from a variety of other sources such as: (i) Amīr al-Mu’minīn ‘Alī, ff. 1v–10v, 41r–48v, attributed. Other works in [155/1033];[171/1017];[176/1031]. (ii) Imam Ḥusayn b. ‘Alī, ff. 10v–12v, 48v–50v, attributed. Other works in [154/994];[156/1018];[157/1038], (iii) Muḥammad al-Bāqir, ff. 12v–13r, 50v–52v, attributed. (iv) al-Mu‘izz li-Dīn Allāh, ff. 13r–28v, 53r–63v, 76v–86r, 100r–109v; 119v–126v; 139r–152r, 166r–174v. (v) Ṭāhir [Sayf al-Dīn?], ff.28r–30r, 63v–72r, 86r–90v, 109v–112v, 126v–130r, 152r–156v, 174v–181r. Other works in [174/883]. (vi) al-Shīrāzī, al-Mu’ayyad fi’l-Dīn (q.v.), ff.30v–35r, 94v–100r, 117r–119v, 133v–139r, 186v–192r. Others in [168/887]. (vii) al-Kirmānī, Ḥamīd al-Dīn (q.v.), ff.35r–41r, 72r–76v, 90v–94V, 113r–116v, 130r–133r, 156v–166r, 181r–186v. COPYIST: ‘Alī

Ḥaydar ‘Izz al-Dīn. Copied at the time of Abū Muḥammad Ṭāhir Sayf al-Dīn (q.v.), mentioned in

the colophon. DATE: 1349/1930. DESCRIPTION: 192 leaves; 10 lines per page; 140 x 95/100 x 50 mm.; clear black naskhī headings, some vocalisation and corrections in the margins in red; slightly worm-eaten. For al-Ṣaḥīfa al-yamaniyya, Poonawala, p.347 (no.246). For al-Mu‘izz (iv), Gacek, IIS, vol.1 (no.2); Ivanow, IL, 60; Poonawala, p.69 (no.2). For al-Mu’ayyad (vi), al-Majdū‘, p.243; Poonawala, p.108 (no.6). REFERENCES:

[167/969]

1. ‘Alī b. Ḥanẓala [b. Abī Sālim al-Maḥfūẓī] (q.v.) Simṭ al-ḥaqā’iq, ff. 1v–30v. Same in [5/885]; [6/966]; [7/974]. 2. Sharaf al-Dīn Ja‘far b. Muḥammad b. Ḥamza [b. al-Ḥasan al-Maḥfūẓī al-Wādi‘ī] He lived in Yemen at between the time of the 18th dā‘ī muṭlaq ‘Alī b. ‘Abd Allāh and the 19th dā‘ī Idrīs Imād al-Dīn (q.v.). According to al-Majdū‘ (pp.137–8), one of Sharaf’s other works, al-Risāla al-mūqiẓa, was read to the dā‘ī Idrīs who in turn corrected it. He died on 3 Dhu’l-ḥijja 845/14 April 1442. al-Ibāna wa’l-taṣrīḥ fī ma‘nā al-ṣalāt wa’l-tasbīḥ, ff.31r–55v. A short treatise in three chapters on the esoteric meaning of prayers and on the beneficial effects of performing the night prayers. Chapter one is on night vigils with prayers, recitation of the Qur’ān and the rewards obtained from them. Chapter two is on the glorification of God and prayers for the friends of God. Chapter three is on the benefits of prayer. COPYIST: Ghulām Ḥusayn

Biyā’varwī. DATE: (1) 8 Rabī‘ al-awwal 1350/23 July 1931. DESCRIPTION: 55 leaves; 180 x 112 mm.: (1)12 couplets per page, text area 112 x 75 mm.; (2) 13 lines per page, 120 x 85 mm.; black naskhī; headings, punctuation and words in red; title of (1) in blue within ornamental blue and red frame; a very few corrections in the margins. ‘Alī b. Ḥanẓala (1), see [5/885];[6/966];[7/974]. For Sharaf al-Dīn (2), Gacek, IIS, vol.1 (no.27); Goriawala, 131; Ivanow, IL, 268; al-Majdū‘, p.152; Poonawala, p.169 (no.3). REFERENCES: For

[168/887]

1. Miscellaneous prayers, ff.1r–8r.

2. Anon. ‘Inda khurūj al-safar, ‘inda al-rukūb, al-ḥajar al-aswad, etc., ff.9v–41r. A detailed set of instructions and prayers (in Arabic and Gujarati in Arabic script) to be recited at every stage of the pilgrimage, from leaving home to reaching the Ka‘ba. See also [141/890];[174/883];[178/887].

3. al-Shīrāzī, al-Mu’ayyad fi’l-Dīn (q.v.) Munājāt li-Sayyid-nā al-Mu’ayyad, ff. 42v–81 r (selections). A collection of prayers, dealing with ḥaqā’iq, mainly selected from the corpus of al-Mu’ayyad See incipit of folio 62v with al-Majdū‘, p. 180.

Other works in [166/882].

4. Miscellaneous prayers, ff.82r–88r.

5. al-Shīrāzī, al-Mu’ayyad fi’l-Dīn (q.v.) al-Maqāmāt al-ithnā ‘ashar li-yawm ‘arafa wa huwa du ‘ā’ al-balāgh, li-Sayyid-nā al-Mu’ayyad fi’l-Dīn [al-Shīrāzī], ff.89v–109v. Cf. no.3 above.

6. Miscellaneous prayers, invocations, notes, ff. 110r–111r. (3) (5) Qamar al-Dīn b. Fidā’ Ḥusayn Siyāmwālā. (2) copied at the time of Ṭāhir Sayf al-Dīn (q.v.), mentioned in the colophon. DATE: (2) 19 Jumāda’l-ākhir 1351/19 October 1932; (3) 29 Rabī‘ al-ākhir 1351/1 August 1932. DESCRIPTION: 111 leaves; 7 to 11 lines per page; 140 x 110/approx. 115 x 70 mm.; mainly clear black naskhī by different hands; headings and occasional vocalisation in red and sepia. COPYIST: (2)

REFERENCES: For

al-Shīrāzī (3), Ivanow, IL, 213; 231; al-Majdū‘, p. 180; Poonawala, p. 108 (no.6). For al-Shīrāzī (5), Poonawala, p. 109 (no. 14). [169/993] A selection of works belonging to the Druze literary tradition.

1. Mithāq al-nisā’, ff. 1r–5v. The Druze version of the oath of allegiance for women (see [140/881]). It also contains guidelines for the masters when instructing women. See also [155/1033]. 2. al-Munājāt walī al-ḥaqq, ff.6r–13v. Prayers in praise of the Imam-caliph al-Ḥākim.

3. al-Du ‘ā’ al-mustajāb, ff. 13v–18v. A short devotional prayer. 4. al-Taqdīs du‘ā’ al-ṣādiqīn, ff. 18v–10v. Prayers for the salvation of members of the community.

5. Dhikr ma‘rifat al-Imām, ff.21r–23r. On the higher ranks of the Druze religious hierarchy. 6. Risālat al-taḥdhīr wa’l-tanbīh, ff.23r–28v. This treatise is attributed to Ḥamza, one of the founders of the Druze movement. It deals with the importance that Ḥamza attaches to his ministry, the recompense which will be granted to his followers, and the necessity for them to follow the commandment of vigilance regarding their safety.

7. al-Risāla al-mawsūma bi’l-‘idhār, ff.29r–34r. A short polemic against a rival of Ḥamza and his followers. 8. [al-Risāla] al-mawsūma bi’l-rushd wa’l-hidāya, ff.34v–43v. A work on perseverance attributed by Ivanow to al-Mujtabā. COPYIST: unknown. DATE: n.d.

(mid 12th/18th century). DESCRIPTION: 43 leaves; approx. 12 lines per page; 162 x 112/approx. 130 x 80 mm.; crude black naskhī; occasional words in red or pale green; the titles of each work within crudely illuminated panels; soiled and water-stained, text readable all the same; some pencilled annotations in the margins. REFERENCES: For

(1), de Sacy, S., Exposé de la religion des Druzes, Paris 1838, vol.1, p.cccclxviii; Ivanow, IL,

p.554. For (2–8), see de Sacy, Exposé, pp. cccclxxvii–cccclxxx; Ivanow, IL, pp.575–80; 585. [170/1036] 1. [Qaṣā’id], pp. 1–32. A selection of miscellaneous devotional poetical works dealing with soul, prophethood, Imamate, etc: (i) Unidentified work, pp. 1–4. (ii) Salmān al-Fārisī, pp.4–6, attributed. Other in [176/1031]. (iii) Unidentified work, pp.6–17. (iv) Sāfir b. al-Bahlawān, pp. 18–21. Same in [171/1017]. (v) Unidentified text, pp.22–5. (vi) al-Ḥajj Muḥammad Ḥaydar, pp.26–9. (vii) Malīḥ, pp.29–32. 2. Fuṣūl from unidentified text, pp.33–8.

Fragment including short chapters on intellect, soul, nature, hereafter, pillars of Islam, science, unity, based on the teachings of the Ikhwān (q.v.) (cf.p.35).

3. Fragments of text and poetry, pp.39–41. 4. Unidentified qaṣīd, pp.42–6. 5. Anon. Qaṣīd tahdīb al-nafs, p.46 (beginning only). On soul, intellect, esoteric knowledge, Imamate, etc. 6. al-Mu‘addil, Ḥasan b. Aḥmad [b. ‘Alī] (q.v.) Risālat ma‘rifat al-nafs al-nāṭiqa, pp. 47–69. Same in [156/1018]. Other works in [155/1033];[157/1038];[159/999];[171/1017].

7. al-Baṣrī, ‘Āmir (q.v.) Tā’iyyāt ‘Āmir al-Baṣrī, pp.70–86. Part of the first ishāra (of thirteen) on the unity of God. Other ishārāt in [155/1033]; [159/999].

8. Unidentified poetry, pp.87–94.

9. Anon. Kitāb al-tawḥīd, pp.95–286. Same in [160/1039];[176/1031]. COPYIST: unknown. DATE: n.d.

(last quarter of 12th/18th century). DESCRIPTION: 286 pp.; 12 to 16 lines per page; 192 x 123/approx. 160 x 105 mm.; clear black naskhī; pencilled annotations throughout; soiled and water-stained; frayed edges with occasional loss of text; defective at the beginning, middle and end. REFERENCES: For

al-Mu‘addil (6), see [156/1018]. For al-Baṣrī (7), see [159/999]. [171/1017]

1. Anon. Qaṣīd min … al-shaykh al-akbar, f.1r; 3r–7v. 2. al-Ḥājj Khiḍr Qaṣīd min … al-Ḥājj Khiḍr, ff. 1v–2v. Others in [157/1038].

3. Unidentified text, ff.7v–14v. On soul, nāsūt, lāhūt, periods of concealment of the Imam, knowledge of the Imam of the time, reward and punishment.

4. Anon. Kitāb majālis al-mu’minīn, ff. 14v–31r. A collection of Shī‘ī traditions dealing with ethics attributed to Imam Ja‘far al-Ṣādiq. 5. al-Mu‘addil, Ḥasan b. Aḥmad [b. ‘Alī] (q.v.) Qaṣīd min … Ḥasan al-Mu‘addil, ff.31r–39v. On soul, tawḥīd, creation, etc. Two verses (f. 33v) relating to the author’s rank in the da’wa are quoted in Ghālib, A‘lām p.207. F. 32r same in [159/999], PP.170–1. Other poems in [155/1033];[157/1038]. Other works in [156/ 1018];[170/1036].

6. Abū Firās, Shihāb al-Dīn [b. al-Qāḍī Naṣr b. Dhī al-Jawshan b. al-Ḥusayn al-Daylamī al-Mayanqī] He was born in the fortress of Maynaqa (Syria) in 872/1467 and was instructed in Ismaili doctrines by his father Ibrāhīm. Eventually he became chief Nizārī Ismaili dā‘ī in Syria and died in 937/1530 or 947/1540. Qaṣīd min … Shihāb al-Dīn, ff.39v–42r. 7. [Qaṣā’id], ff. 42r–58v. A selection of poetical works: (i) al-Ḥājj Khiḍr, ff.42r–42v. Ff. 43v–46v same as [157/1038], pp.451–61. Other poems in [157/1038]. (ii) al-Kasrawānī, Muḥammad, ff.42v–43v. (iii) Ibn Abū Shammān, ff.46v–47v. (iv) Amīr al-Mu’minīn ‘Alī, ff.47v–49r, attributed. Other poems in [155/1033];[176/1031]. Other work in [166/882]. (v) Sāfir b. al-Bahlawān, ff.49r–50r. Same in [170/1036].

(vi) al-Bazā‘ī, Muḥammad b. al-Faḍl b. ‘Alī, ff.50r–52r. Same in [154/994];[157/1038]. (vii) Yaḥyā b. Zakariyyā’. A malḥama, ff.52r–54v. (viii) al-Yazābī, ‘Alī, ff.54v–58v.

8. Anon. Urjūza … fī qadr al-ilhām wa’l-ifhām, ff. 58v–64v. In three parts, on the meaning of ḥaqīqa, ṭarīqa and sharīfa, the power of inspiration and comprehension. 9. [Qaṣā’id], ff.64v–70v. A selection of poetical works: (i) al-Nayrabī, ‘Alī, ff.64v–66r. (ii) ‘Abd al-Ḥamīd, ff.66r–70v. COPYIST: unknown. DATE: n.d.

(first half of 13th/19th century). DESCRIPTION: 70 leaves; 20 lines per page; 225 x 160/175 x 120 mm.; clear black naskhī; occasional marginal corrections and additions; soiled and scribbled with blue ink on a few leaves. Incomplete at beginning and end. REFERENCES: For

(4), Gacek, IIS, vol.1 (no.78); Ivanow, IL, 804. For al-Mu‘addil (5), see [159/999]. For Abū Firās (6), M. Ghālib, A‘lām, pp.313–15; Poonawala, pp.294–5. For (7), see [154/994];[157/1038]. [172/997] A miscellaneous collection of devotional and philosophical poems and of short treatises dealing with ḥaqā’iq and esoteric doctrines.

1. Unidentified poem, pp.1–4.

2. Anon. Maẓāhir al-nufūs fī rusūm rumūz zaman al-juz’ wa fi’l-ṭarīq bi-qadr ilhām al-mun‘im wa rusūm ba‘ḍ al-‘ilal al-ma‘nawiyya bi-mā dhāt Allāh wa rasūli-hi, pp.4–12. Devotional poetry.

3. Anon. al-Qism al-thālith fī maẓhar sharā’i‘ al-ḥaqā’iq, pp. 12–33. Philosophical poetry.

4. Anon. Masā’il Abī Ḥāzim, pp.34–43. A popular work in the form of a dialogue.

5. Anon. [Risāla], pp.44–56. Unidentified short treatise on Ismaili ḥaqā’iq. 6. Anon. Khabar ‘an mawlā-nā Ja‘far al-Ṣādiq, pp.56–8 (incomplete). Tradition attributed to the Imam Ja‘far al-Ṣādiq on the characteristics of a believer.

7. Fragment of a poem, p.59.

8. Anon. Qaṣīda al-najafiyya (sic) fī madḥ Amīr al-Mu’minīn, pp.59–62. Same in [157/1038] (up to p.271, line 4). COPYIST: Muḥammad

b. ‘Alī Muḥammad. DATE: n.d. (early I4th/20th century). DESCRIPTION: 62 pp.; between 11 and 13 lines per page; 205 x 150/170 x 130 mm.; crude black (occasionally blue) naskhī; soiled and stained; the last three leaves torn with loss of text; colophon in grid form. [173/970]

1. al-Qāḍī al-Nu‘mān (q.v.) Ajwibat al-Qāḍī al-Nu‘mān, pp.1–150. Same in [71/863];[164/962].

2. al-Ḥākim bi-Amr Allāh The Fāṭimid Imam-caliph al-Ḥākim was born in 375/985, succeeded his father al-‘Azīz at the age of eleven and reigned until 27 Shawwāl 411/13 February 1021 – the date of his disappearance. Some of al-Ḥākim’s followers refused to accept his death and eventually gave birth to the Druze movement. Nuskhat sijill wa radd ilā Hārūn b. Muḥammad al-dā‘ī bi’l-Yaman, pp.150–2. Copy of a letter sent by al-Ḥākim to his dā‘ī in Yemen, Hārūn b. Muḥammad. As stated at the end, the epistle was written in Dhu’l-qa‘da 391/1000. In it al-Ḥākim refers to another letter dated Shawwāl 390/999 concerning Hārūn, Abu’l-Khayr b. Muḥammad and Muḥammad b. Yūsuf (the latter two were, presumably,

dā‘īs in Yemen as well). Al-Ḥākim refers to the Da‘ā’im al-Islām (q.v.) as ‘kitāb … dūna mā siwā-hu min al-kutub al-mutafa‘ala’ (p. 152). Partially same in [164/962].

3. Anon. Kitāb Amīr al-mu’minīn ‘Alī b. Abī Ṭālib ilā jamī‘ al-jinn wa’l-shayāṭin, pp. 153–6. A letter attributed to ‘Alī b. Abī Ṭālib addressed to all the jinns, demons and devils existing on the earth. COPYIST: unknown. DATE: n.d.

(first quarter of 14th/20th century). DESCRIPTION: 156 pp.; between 12 and 14 lines per page; 188 x 108/(1) 123 x 60 mm.; (2) and (3) 123 x 75 mm.; black naskhī; headings, page-numbering, most corrections and additions in the margins in red. REFERENCES: For

al-Nu‘mān (1), see [71/863]. For al-Ḥākim (2), see [164/962]. [174/883]

1. Miscellaneous prayers and extracts from devotional literature, ff.1r–2v.

2. Anon. al-Ḥajar al-aswad, ff. 2 v–51v. On the esoteric meaning of the Black Stone. In Gujarati but written in Arabic script. Same in [141/890];[178/877]. See also [168/887].

3. al-Shīrāzī, al-Mu’ayyad fi’l-Dīn(q.v.) [Munājāt al-Mu’ayyad], ff.52r–54v. A selection of prayers from the corpus of al-Mu’ayyad. Others in [166/882];[168/887].

4. Miscellaneous prayers, ff.54v–58v. 5. Ṭāhir Sayf al-Dīn [b. Muḥammad Burhān al-Dīn] (q.v.) al-Ṭawāf al-awwal, ff.60v–75v. Likely to be the work of the 51st Dā’ūdī dā‘īṬāhir Sayf al-Dīn. 6. al-Ṭawāf al-awwal, ff.76v–93v.

Cf. (5) above. 7. Ṭāhir Sayf al-Dīn (q.v.) Ad‘iyyat al-ṭawāf A printed booklet of prayers bound in two parts, pp. 1–21; pp. 1–22. Others in [166/882].

8. Miscellaneous prayers, ff.94r–95r.

9. Anon. Ziyāra sharīfa, ff.95v–104v. Lithographed devotional work, pages numbered 4–20.

10. Miscellaneous prayers, ff. 105r–108r. COPYIST: unknown. DATE: n.d.

(first half of 14th/20th century); (7), printed work, n.p., n.d; (9), lithographed text dated 1356/1937. DESCRIPTION: 108 leaves; 7 to 12 lines per page; 150 x 110/variable; mainly black naskhī by several hands; headings, vocalisation and annotations in red, marginal annotations (mainly ff.3r–51r); printed and lithographed booklets bound in. REFERENCES: For

al-Shīrāzī (3), see [168/887]; Poonawala, p.108 (no.6). [175/1030]

1. al-Shādilī, Abū Manṣūr [al-Yamānī] (q.v.) Kitāb al-bayān li-mabāḥith al-ikhwān, pp. 1–90. Same in [156/1018].

2. al-Ju‘fī, Rawāh al-Mufaḍḍal b. ‘Umar Kitāb al-haft al-sharīf, pp.90–298. A Nuṣayrī work divided into 67 chapters based on the faḍā’il of the Imam Ja‘far al-Ṣādiq concerning the beginning and end of creation, the journey of the soul from stage to stage, etc.

3. Abū Ja‘far Muḥammad Faṣl al-nūrayn (or Risāla min kalām Abī Ja‘far Muḥammad), PP.299–336. Same in [160/1039].

4. Anon. Nasab al-a’imma al-aṭhār, pp.336–8. A genealogy of the Ismaili Imams (Qāsimshāhī line) from ‘Alī to Sulṭān Muḥammad Shāh, Aga Khan III (d.1957). COPYIST: unknown. DATE: n.d.

(first half of 14th/20th century). DESCRIPTION: 338 pp.; 17 lines per page; 228 x 160/165 x 110 mm.; clear black naskhī; titles and headings in red; corrections, additions and annotations in the margins and text area in black and red pencil, occasionally green ink and blue ink; soiled. REFERENCES: For

al-Shādilī (1), see [1156/1018]. For al-Ju‘fī (2), Rawāh al-Mufaḍḍal b. ‘Umar al-Ju‘fī, Kitāb al-haft al-sharīf, ed. M. Ghālib [Beirut], 1964 (edited from the cited manuscript). [176/1031]

1. al-Ṭayyibī, Shams al-Dīn b. Aḥmad (or Muḥammad) (q.v.) Dustūr al-Mawlā ‘Alā’ al-Dīn, pp. 1–53. Same in [117/996].

2. al-Qāḍī al-Nu‘mān (q.v.) al-Risāla al-mudhhiba, pp.53–160. A philosophical work divided into three chapters in the form of answers attributed to al-Qāḍī al-Nu‘mān. It contains explanations of esoteric doctrines, ranks of the Ismaili hierarchy, cosmology and eschatology. It is possibly among the earliest Ismaili Neoplatonic works which influenced the subsequent development of Fāṭimid thought.

3. Anon. Tafsīr al-khuṭba al-mu‘aẓẓama, pp. 160–76. A work allegedly based on a dialogue between Jābir b. ‘Abd Allāh al-Anṣārī and the Imam Muḥammad b. ‘Alī b. Zayn al-‘Ābidīn about the meaning of statements, issued by him in a khuṭba concerning the role of the Imam.

4. Anon. Kitāb al-mīthāq tarātīb al-rutab al-ja‘fariyya ‘alā sab‘a abwāb (or Tarātīb al-ja‘fariyya), pp.176–92. On the hierarchical organisation of the Ja’fariyya, the Syrian Muḥammad-Shāhī branch of Ismailism. The work, based on a dialogue between the dā‘ī ‘Abd al-Mālik and the Imam Ja‘far al-Ṣādiq, is divided into seven chapters: on unity, holy essence, transcendental soul, physical soul, the Imamate, creation and

eschatology. At the end the names of the ‘Ikhwān al-Ṣafā’ are mentioned: Abu Sulaymān Muḥammad b, Sa‘d al-Nasabī, known as ‘al-muqaddas al-thānī’; Abu’l-Ḥasan ‘Alī b. Zahrwān al-Rayḥānī, ‘al-thālith; Abū Aḥmad al-Nahrawānī, ‘al-rābi‘’, and Dhayl b. Zaqā‘a.

5. Anon. [Kitāb al-tawḥīd], pp.192–285. Same in [160/1039];[170/1036].

6. Anon. Risāla min kalām Salmān al-Fārisī… ‘an Rasūl Allāh, pp. 285– 95. Same in [154/994].

7. Shaykh Muḥammad Qaṣīd min Shaykh Muḥammad, pp.295–9. Other in [154/994].

8. Anon. Qaṣīd min kalām Salmān al-Fārisī, pp. 299–303. Other in [170/1036] and no.6 above.

9. Anon. Qaṣīd min kalām Amīr al-mu’minīn ‘Alī, p.303 (beginning only). Others in [155/1033];[171/1017]. Other work in [166/ 882]. COPYIST: unknown. DATE: n.d.

(first half of 14th/ 20th century). DESCRIPTION: 1 fly-leaf, 303 pp.; 19 lines; 225 x 165/145 x 90 mm.; clear black naskhī; titles, headings and words in red; a few corrections, annotations and additions in the margins, sometimes in pencil; slightly soiled. REFERENCES: For

al-Ṭayyibī (1) see [117/996]. For al-Nu‘mān (2), Poonawala, p.67 (no.54). EDITIONS: For al-Nu‘mān (2), ‘Ā. Tāmir (ed.), Khams rasā’il ismā‘īliyya, Salamiyya, 1956, pp.27–87. For (4), a single treatise which has been probably incorrectly classified as two separate works by W. lvanow and I. Poonawala, Kitāb al-mīthāq, Ivanow, IL, 805; Poonawala, p.349 (no.259); al-Tarātīb al-sab‘a, Ivanow, IL, 801; Poonawala, p.297 (no. 1) attributed to Muḥammad b. al-Faḍl b. ‘Alī al-Bazā‘ī (q.v.). A Kitāb al-mīthāq is also mentioned in ‘Ā. Tāmir, ‘Sinān Rāshid al-Dīn aw Shaykh al-Jabal,’ al-Adīb, 12 (1953), pp.43–6 (p.44) but there is no evidence that this is the same as the present work. For Shaykh Muḥammad (7), see M. Ghālib, Sinān Rāshid al-Dīn, Beirut, 1967, p.61; Poonawala, p.297.

[177/899]

1. Anon. Ta’wīl amthāl al-Qur’ān, ff. 1v–2r, pp. 1–43. A work in the form of questions and answers on the esoteric interpretation of the Qur’ān and the basmala. Al-Majdū‘ (p.280) attributes it to Ja‘far b. Manṣūr al-Yaman (q.v.).

2. al-Waīd, ‘Alī b. al-Ḥusayn [b. Ja‘far b. Ibrāhīm b. al-Anf al-Ḥusayn Qurayshī] He was uncle and tutor to ‘Alī b. Muḥammad b. al-Walīd (q.v.) who became the fifth dā‘ī muṭlaq in the Yemeni Ṭayyibī line. As ma‘dhūn of the second dā‘īIbrāhīm b. al-Ḥusayn al-Ḥāmīdī, he played an important role in the transition of the leadership of the da‘wa from the al-Ḥāmidī to the al-Walīd family. His service to the da‘wa was eulogised in poetry by his pupil Muḥammad b. Tāhir al-Ḥārithī (q.v.) who credited him with setting the foundations of the Ṭayyibī da‘wa in Ṣan‘ā’. He died in 554/1159. Risālat al-basmala fī ma‘rifat al-tis‘at ‘ashar al-mufaṣṣala, pp.44–60. A work dealing with the allegorical interpretation of the basmala. It contains references to works by Manṣūr al-Yaman and Abū Ya‘qūb al-Sijistānī. Internal evidence shows that it was written before 546/1151. Same in [33/867]. Other works in [29/937];[33/867].

3. Anon. ‘Ishrūn mas’ala fi’l-ḥaqā’iq (or ‘Ishrūn mā’ida fi’l-jismāniyya wa’l-nafsāniyya), pp.62–85. Same in [162/896].

4. al-Ṣulayḥī, Aḥmad al-Mukarram b. ‘Alī b. Muḥammad The second ruler of the Ṣulayḥid dynasty in Yemen. He took the leadership of the da‘wa in Yemen in 459/1066 after his father, founder of the dynasty, had been killed in Zabīd as a result of rivalry with local princes. Aḥmad was invested by the Fāṭimid Imam-caliph al-Mustanṣir (d. 487/1094) with the titles of both dā‘ī sayf, in charge of defending the da‘wa,and dā‘ī qalam, dealing with its civil administration. He brought Zabīd back under Ismaili control and lived in Ṣan‘ā’ for a while. Eventually he settled in Dhū Jubla to recover from a paralysis. His wife al-Sayyida al-Ḥurra effectively took the reins of the da‘wa and the Ṣulayḥid state towards the end of Aḥmad’s life and became one of the most prominent female figures in Islamic history. Aḥmad died in 477/1084.

Kalām wajad fi’l-ma‘ād, pp.86–95. A short work on eschatology. COPYIST: [probably

Akbar ‘Alī b. Mullā Sulṭān ‘alī].

DATE: n.d.

(first half of 14th/20th century). DESCRIPTION: 2 fly-leaves of index within a pencilled and red grid; 95 pp.; 13 lines per page; 220 x 135/125 x 70 mm.; very neat black naskhī (index in a later hand); occasional red headings; initial table of contents in a different hand (ff.1v–2r); diagram in red on p.60. REFERENCES: For

(1) Ivanow, IL, 426; al-Majdū‘, p.280; Poonawala, p.317 (nos 12, 13). For al-Walīd (2), Gacek, IIS, vol.1 (no.129); Poonawala, pp.139–40 (no.1). For (3) see [162/896]. For al-Ṣulayḥi (4), Poonawala, p.110–11 (no.2). [178/877]

1. Anon. al-Ḥajar al-aswad, ff. 1v–16r. Gujarati text in Arabic script. Same in [141/890]; [174/883]. See also [168/887].

2. al-Sijistānī, Abū Ya‘qūb [Isḥāq b. Aḥmad] (q.v.) al Du‘ā’ al-mustajāb, ff. 171–36r. Prayer attributed to this famous 4th/10th century Ismaili author. 3. Asmā’ Allāh al-ḥusnā, ff. 36v–37r. 4. Du‘ā’ mawlā-nā ‘Alī Zayn al-‘Ābidīn, ff. 37v–41r; 46v–48r.

5. Du‘āt, ff. 41r–46v. Miscellaneous prayers. 6. Ṭāhir Sayf al-Dīn [Abū Muḥammad] (q.v.) Mimmā qāla-hu al-dā‘ī … Sayyid-nā Abū Muḥammad Ṭāhir Sayf al-Dīn, ff. 48v–52r. Devotional poem consisting of 56 couplets composed in 1348/ 1929 in praise of Laylat al-Qadr.

7. Du‘ā’, ff. 52v–56r. 8. Du‘ā’ al-nūr li-mawlāti-nā Fāṭima al-zahrā’, ff. 56r–56v.

9. Du‘āt, ff. 57r–63r. COPYIST: unknown.

(first half of 14th/20th century). DESCRIPTION: 63 leaves; 9 lines per page; 140 x 110/90 x 70 mm.; black naskhī in different hands on pink paper; occasional headings and vocalisation in red; a very few annotations in the margins. DATE: n.d.

REFERENCES: For

(1), see [141/890];[174/883].

This section contains a small selection of miscellaneous works by some well known authors, mainly Twelver Shī‘īs and Ṣūfīs, as well as anonymous treatises and majmū‘āt on law, history, heresiography, devotion and Traditions. Some of these works enjoyed popularity among the Ismailis and some contain relevant information on Ismailism. [179/790] Anon. Sharḥ irshād [al-adhhān ilā aḥkām al-īmān] A commentary on Irshād al-adhhān ilā aḥkām al-īmān, a work on ‘ibādāt consisting of 1500 questions by the Twelver Shī‘ī scholar Jamāl al-Dīn Abū Manṣūr Ḥasan b. Yūsuf b. al-Muṭahhar al-Ḥillī (d.726/1325) (q.v.). COPYIST: unknown. DATE: Afternoon

of Wednesday 3 Shawwāl, no year (mid 13th/19th century). DESCRIPTION: 382 leaves; 20 lines per page; 215 × 150/140 × 95 mm.; black naskhī; headings, occasional words, lines, captions in the margins in red; additions, correction and annotations at times occupying most of the margins; defective at the beginning. REFERENCES: On

al-Ḥillī’s Irshād see Gacek, IIS, vol.II, (no.83) and on commentaries on it, vol.II (nos 15, 33, 51, 130, 117). For other commentaries see Āqā Buzurg, vol.1, pp.511-12. [180/382] Anon.

Ḥāshiyya jalī fī aḥwāl al-musnad ilā ākhir ‘ilm al-badī‘ bi-funūn al-Malik al-Wahhāb A commentary on a work about rhetoric.

COPYIST: unknown. DATE: n.d.

(mid 13th/19th century). DESCRIPTION: 129 leaves; 16 lines per page; 215 × 168/165 × 110 mm.; black naskhī; title, some lines and words in red; ff.81–8, 95–103, 109–110 and 129 badly cropped with occasional loss of text. [181/843] al-Ghazālī, Muḥammad b. Muḥammad (or Abū Muḥammad) According to W. Ivanow, he was possibly a descendant of the famous Abū Ḥāmid al-Ghazālī (d.505/1111). Helmut Ritter, on the other hand, refers to a Abū Muḥammad whom he believed to be of Yemeni extraction, or at the very least linked to Yemeni Ismaili circles. Kitāb al-tawārīkh wa’l-milal (or al-Firaq wa’l-tawārīkh or Mukhtaṣar fī ‘aqā’id al-thalāth wa’l-sab‘īn firqa) The text of the present manuscript, a portion of a larger heresiographical work, consists mainly of a polemical, yet well informed and detailed account of the Ismailis. It is based on important Ismaili sources, which the author duly acknowledges. Of particular interest are the quotations from Abū Tammām’s Kitāb shajarat al-dīn wa burhān al-yaqīn (see [1/920]). Ritter, in an article on Muslim heresiographers published in Der Islam in 1929, was the first to refer to a Mukhtaṣar fī ‘aqā’id al-thalāth wa’l-sab‘īn firqa which he attributed to a Yemeni or Yemen-based Abū Muḥammad, indicating a manuscript in Istanbul dated 1095/1683 as the only extant copy of this work. Ritter’s information served as the basis for further research on this work included by P.E. Walker in the introduction to a recently published book on Abū Tammām. In the introduction to his Ismaili Literature (p. 14), W. Ivanow refers to an ‘apparently unique copy’ of a Kitāb al-tawārīkh dated 793/1391, preserved in the Āstān-i Quds Library in Mashhad. On the basis of the title-page of the first part, here missing, Ivanow claims to have been able to identify its author as Muḥammad b. Muḥammad al-Ghazālī and its date of composition as 552/1157. However, in the Āstān-i Quds Library catalogue published in 1967, the same work, catalogued as al-Firaq wa’l-tawārīkh, is anachronistically attributed to Abū Ḥāmid Muḥammad al-Ghazālī (d.505/1111), and its date of composition placed in 540/1145 based on internal evidence. In accordance with Ivanow, the catalogue gives the year of the copy as 793/1390. By comparing this manuscript with the data provided by Ritter, Ivanow, the Āstān catalogue and Walker, we can state that the Kitāb al-tawārīkh wa’l-milal, al-Firaq wa’l-tawārīkh and Mukhtaṣar fī ‘aqā’id al-thalāth wa’l-sab‘īn firqa are three titles for the same text. It is likely that the present manuscript was copied by Ivanow himself, for his own use, directly from the Āstān-i Quds Library codex. COPYIST: [W.Ivanow?].

n.d. (second half of 14th/20th century). The fact that the colophon includes the date 6 Dhu’l-qa‘da 793 further supports the probability of this being a copy of the codex in the Āstān-i Quds Library mentioned above. DESCRIPTION: 202 leaves (leaves numbered 198–398); 9 lines per page; 210 × 173/145 × 125 mm.; blue naskhī diagram on f. 66 r. DATE:

A. Gulcīn Ma‘ānī, Fihrist-i kutub-i khaṭṭī-yi kitābkhānah-iĀstān-i Quds Riḍavī, Mashhad, 1346/1967, vol.7, pp.143–4 (279); H. Ritter, ‘Philologika III: Muhammedanische Haresiographen,’ Der lslam, 18 (1929), pp.34-54 (47). See also Ivanow, IL, p.14; W. Madelung and P.E. Walker, An Ismaili Heresiography. The ‘Bāb al-shayṭān’ from Abū Tammām’s Kitāb al-shajara, Leiden, 1998, pp.6–9; Poonawala, p.xv. REFERENCES:

[182/432] al-Ḥillī, Jamāl al-Dīn [Abū Manṣūr al-Ḥasan b. Yūsuf al-Muṭahhar] He was born in Ḥilla, Iraq, in 648/1250, into a prominent family of Twelver Shī‘ī theologians. After mastering philosophy, theology and astrology as a pupil of the eminent scholars of his time, al-Ḥillī began a prolific career as an authoritative writer in his own right. Some 500 works are attributed to him, although only a few have been published so far. He moved to Persia in 705/1305 where he became most influential in spreading Shī‘ī Islam within the Īl-Khānid court circles. He died in 726/1325 and was buried in Mashhad, where his grave became an object of veneration. Mukhtalaf al-shī‘a fī aḥkām al-sharī’a (al-juz’ al-awwal) This is the first of a seven-volume work dealing with different opinions of the ‘ulamā’ regarding the sharī’a as seen from a Shī‘ī perspective. It covers all aspects of ‘ibadāt, from purification (ṭahāra) to prayer. COPYIST: Muḥammad

Kāẓim, copied in Iṣfahān. DATE: 9 Rabī‘ al-thānī, 1247/16 September 1831. DESCRIPTION: 285 leaves; 31 lines per page; 312 × 215/225 × 150 mm.; clear black naskhī; occasional words, lines and marks in red towards the end; a very few corrections, additions and annotations in the margins; defective towards the end. REFERENCES:

Āqā Buzurg, vol.20, pp.218–21 (no.2666); GAL SII, p.209. See S.H.M. Jafri, ‘al-Ḥillī’, EI2, vol.

III, p.390. Jamāl al-Dīn Abū Manṣūr al-Ḥasan b. Yūsuf al-Muṭahhar al-Ḥillī, Mukhtalaf al-shī‘a fī aḥkām al-sharī’a, Qum, 1995–1997, 8 vols. EDITIONS:

[183/907] al-Maqrīzī, Taqī al-Dīn[Abu’l-‘Abbās Aḥmad b. ‘Alī b. ‘Abd al-Qādir] One of the most famous Egyptian historians of the Mamlūk period, al-Maqrīzī was born in a prominent Cairene family in 766/1364. After receiving an excellent education, he was appointed to administrative and academic posts in some of the most prominent mosques and institutions of both Cairo and Damascus. He lived in the latter city for almost 10 years. He devoted himself to historiography after his return to Egypt, having spent a number of years in Mecca. He died in 845/1442.

al-Mawā‘iẓ wa’l-i‘tibār fī dhikr al-khiṭaṭ wa’l-athār, al-juz’ al-awwal (or al-Khiṭaṭ al-maqriziyya) The first volume of one of the best known historiographical works on Egypt in general and the topography of Fusṭāṭ, Cairo and Alexandria in particular. The work remains one of the chief sources for the history of the Fāṭimids. COPYIST: unknown,

written either in Egypt or Syria. DATE: Safar 966/November–December 1558. DESCRIPTION: 288 numbered leaves (leaf 289 numbered but with no text); 35 lines per page; 270 × 184/200 × 130 mm.; clear black naskhī; headings, occasional words, marks and lines in red; illuminated title-page in blue and gold; text area of the first opening within illuminated frames; occasional annotations, corrections and additions in the margins; the first 13 leaves badly worm-eaten at the edges without affecting the text; later red morocco binding with gilt central medallions on both covers and flap. REFERENCES: GAL

II, pp.47–8. See also F. Rosenthal, ‘al-Maḳrīzī,’ EI2, vol.VI, pp. 193–4. EDITIONS: Taqī al-Dīn Abu’l-‘Abbās Aḥmad b. ‘Alī b. ‘Abd al-Qādir al-Maqrīzī, al-Mawā‘iẓ wa’l-i‘tibār fī dhikr al-khiṭaṭ wa’l-athār, Bulāq, 1270/1853, 2 vols (Beirut, [197–], reprint by offset of the Bulāq edition). Subsequent editions include: Musawwadāt kitāb al-mawā‘iẓ wa’l-i‘tibār fī dhikr al-khiṭaṭ wa’l-athār (Le manuscript autographe d’al-mawā‘iẓ wa al-i‘tibār), ed. A.F. Sayyid, London, 1995, and al-Mawā‘iẓ wa’l-i‘tibār fī dhikr el-khiṭaṭ wa’l-athār, ed. G. Wiet, Cairo, 1911–1928, 7 vols. The latest known edition of this work was published in 1997 in Cairo by M.Z. al-Sharqāwī in 3 vols. TRANSLATIONS: Taqī al-Dīn Aḥmad ibn ‘Alī ibn ‘Abd al-Qādir ibn Muḥammad al-Maqrīzī, Kitāb al-Mawā‘iẓ wa’l-i‘tibār fī dhikr el-khiṭaṭ wa’l-athār. Le livre des admonitions et de l’observation sur l’histoire des quartiers et des monuments ou description historique et topographique de l’Egypte, tr. U. Bouriant (parts 1–2), P. Casanova (parts 3–4), Cairo, 1895–1920; A. Raymond–G. Wiet, Les marchés du Caire. Traduction annnotée du texte de Maqrīzī, (extracts), Cairo, 1979. [184/854] Muḥammad ‘Alī ‘najl’ Mullā Jīwābhā’ī ‘najl’ Mullā ‘Abd al-Qādir Dalāla athītha fī dhīkr taḥrīm nabta khabītha (or Risālat al-tanbāk) A work on the use of tobacco based in part on Takhallus al-insān min zalamāt al-dukhān by ‘Abd al-Nāfi‘ al-Madanī. It also includes a copy of correspondence between the author and Aḥmad ‘Alī b. al-Ḥayy Jīwabhā’ī, dated 16 Muḥarram 1322/1 April 1904, a qaṣīda and extracts from Ḥashīshat al-fuqarā’. COPYIST: unknown. DATE: n.d.

(first quarter of 14th/20th century, after 16 Muḥarram 1322/1 April 1904). DESCRIPTION: 92 pp. (pp.84–92 blank); 11 lines per page; 205 × 123/140 × 75 mm.; black naskhī; words and headings in red (title in blue ink in a later hand); worm-eaten throughout but text not affected. [185/888]

al-Shahrastānī, Mirzā Muḥammad [Ḥusayn b. Mirzā Muḥammad ‘Alī b. Muḥammad Ḥusayn al-Mar‘ashī al-Ḥā’irī] Min al-ṣaḥīfa al-ḥusayniyya A Shī‘ī prayer selected from al-Ṣaḥīfa al-ḥusayniyya. This work was completed in 1303/1885 and published in Iran in 1306/1888 by the author’s pupil, Shaykh Mahdī b. ‘Abbās b. Muḥammad b. Mahdī al-Ḥā’ir al-Ṣaḥḥāf. COPYIST: unknown. DATE: n.d.

(early 14th/20th century). DESCRIPTION: 16 leaves; 9 lines per page; 142 × 110/100 × 70 mm.; clear black naskhī; slightly damp-stained. REFERENCES: Āqā

Buzurg, vol. 15, p. 17 (no.89). [186/903]

al-Ṭūsī, Naṣīr al-Dīn [Abū Ja‘far Muḥammad b. Muḥammad b. al-Ḥasan] Born in Ṭūs in 597/1201, Naṣīr al-Dīn became one of the leading theologians and astronomers of his time. As a young man, he travelled extensively coming into contact with eminent scholars both in Iran and Iraq. Eventually he found a patron in Quhistān in the Ismaili governor Nāṣir al-Dīn Muḥtasham (d.655/1257). He also spent many years in Alamūt until the fall of the fortress to the Mongols in 654/1256. The Ismaili period of al-Ṭūsī’s life can be regarded as his most productive, despite the obscure nature of his Ismaili affiliation. With the arrival of the Mongols, Naṣīr al-Dīn was enlisted by Hülegü and, while in his service, he supervised the construction of the famous Marāgha Observatory where he worked until 672/1274. In that same year, al-Ṭūsī died in Baghdād. Sharḥ al-ishārāt Al-Ṭūsī’s commentary on al-Ishārāt wa’l-tanbīhāt by Ibn Sīnā (d. 428/1037). It was composed between 632/1235 and 643/1246, that is during the time of his service with Nāṣir al-Dīn Muḥtasham. The work is divided into three parts. The first deals with logic, the second with nature, and the third with existence and its causes. COPYIST: unknown. DATE: Shawwāl 728/1327.

327 leaves [f.326 blank]; 25 lines per page; 235 × 155/165 × 115 mm.; clear black naskhī; several headings, words and lines in red; numerous additions, corrections and annotations in the margins and a few ta‘līqāt; large hole in the margin of ff.313r–320v not affecting the text, slightly damp-stained and occasionally crudely restored; defective at the beginning; purple morocco binding with blind-stamped medallions on both covers. DESCRIPTION:

REFERENCES: GAL, EDITIONS:

SII, p.297. Abū ‘Alī Ḥusayn b. ‘Abd Allāh Ibn Sīnā, al-Ishārāt wa’l-tanbīhāt … ma‘a sharḥ Naṣīr al-Dīn

al-Ṭūsī, ed. S. Dunyā, Cairo, 1957–1960, 4 vols; Tehran, 1377–9/1957–9, 3 vols. Naṣīr al-Dīn al-Ṭūsī, Shar ḥ al-ishārāt, Qum, 1983. [187/906]

1. al-Jazūlī, Abū ‘Abd Allāh Muḥammad [b. Sulaymān b. Abī Bakr al-Samlālī] Born in Morocco in the Berber tribe of Jazūla, al-Jazūlī wrote the Dalā’il al-khayrāt in Fez after spending a long period of time in Mecca, Medina and Jerusalem. He joined the Shādhiliyya Ṣūfī order, and eventually his piety and asceticism won him such popularity that a cult developed around his person. He died about 869/1465 and, after various vicissitudes, his body was finally buried in Marrakesh, where he came to be honoured as one of the patron saints of the city.

Dalā’il al-khayrāt, ff. 1v–98r. A collection of prayers in praise of the Prophet Muḥammad, followed by a description of his tomb and a list of his names. Manuscripts of this work are very numerous owing to the fact that a book of the Dalā’il was often carried by people as a talisman.

2. Anon. al-Narjisa al-‘anbariyya, ff. 99v–113V. A Ṣūfī devotional work.

3. Anon. Qaḍm, ff. 114r–15r. A short devotional text.

4. Muḥriz b. Khalaf Ḥirz al-aqsām, ff. 116v–32r. A Ṣūfī work on protection against evil through the invocation of the Names of God.

5. Anon. Faḍā’il al-Sayfī, ff. 133v–7v. A Ṣūfī eulogy.

6. Anon. al-Ḥirz al-yamānī, ff. 137v–53r. A Ṣūfī prayer for protection.

7. Anon. Du‘ā’ al-Mughnī, ff. 153r–5v. A Ṣūfī prayer.

8. Anon. Ḥirz Sayyid-nā ‘Alī b. Abī Ṭālib, ff.156r–v. A Ṣūfī prayer for protection attributed to ‘Alī b. Abī Ṭālib.

9. Anon. Du‘ā’ li’l-Shaykh al-Tijjānī, ff. 157r–v. A prayer attributed to Abu’l-‘Abbās Aḥmad b. Muḥammad al-Tijjānī (d. 1230/1815), founder of the Tijjāniyya Ṣūfī order.

10. Anon. Du‘ā’ jalīl, ff. 157v–8r. A Ṣūfī prayer.

11. Anon. Du‘ā’ mubārak, f. 158v. A Ṣūfī prayer.

12. Anon. Du‘ā’jalīl, ff.159r–60r. A Ṣūfī prayer.

13. Anon. Du‘ā’ Ibn Istaṭāl, ff. 160r–2r. A Ṣūfī prayer. 14. al-Buṣīrī, Sharaf al-Dīn Abū ‘Abd Allāh Muḥammad [b. Sa‘īd b. Ḥammād al-ṣanhājī] Born in Egypt in 608/1212, he became a Ṣūfī under his master Abu’l-‘Abbās Aḥmad al-Mursī and played a part in the development of the Shādhiliyya order. Like al-Jazūlī, he spent time in Mecca, Medina and Jerusalem. He died in Alexandria between 694/1294 and 996/1297. al-Burda li’l-Buṣīrī, ff. 163v–177v. A devotional poem in praise of the Prophet which gained great popularity and was the subject of numerous commentaries.

COPYIST: Muḥammad

b. al-Ṭāhir al-Kitātī al-ldrīsī al-Fāsī. DATE: (2) 19 Sha‘bān 1287/13 November 1870. DESCRIPTION: 177 leaves; 12 lines per page; 164 x 110/115 x 65 mm.; very elegant black, red, blue and green maghribī; illuminated head-piece on the title-page, illuminated landscapes of Mecca and Medina on ff. 14v–15r; titles mostly within illuminated panels, text area within illuminated frame; contemporary red morocco binding with gilt central medallions, corners and frames on both covers and flap; preserved in a slip-case. REFERENCES: For

al-Jazūlī (1), GAL II, pp.327–8; SII, p.359–60. For details on editions, translations and studies see M. Ben Cheneb, ‘al-Djazūlī,’ EI2, vol. II, pp.527–8. For Khalaf (4), GAL, SII, p. 1009 (no.124). For (6) possibly the same as Sezgin, vol.I, p.536 (no.8) For al-Buṣīrī (14), GAL I, pp. 308–9; SI, p.467; for details on editions, transl. and studies see Ed. (sic), ‘al-Buṣīrī,’ EI2, supplement 3–4, pp. 158–9. [188/904]

1. al-Iṣfahānī, Abū Shujā‘ Aḥmad b. al-Ḥusayn [Shihāb al-Dīn Abū al-Ṭayyib] An eminent Sunnī jurist and specialist in Shāfi‘ī law, he was born in Baṣra in 434/1042 and died in 500/1106. Kitāb ghāyat al-ikhtiṣār (or al-Tarqīb), ff. 1v–32r. A compendium on Muslim jurisprudence and furū‘ al-dīn according to the Shāfi‘ī school. This work was commented by a number of Shāfi‘ī scholars, in particular by Muḥammad b. Aḥmad al-Shirbīnī (d. 978/1570).

2. al-Ghazālī, Aḥmad b. Muḥammad [Shihāb al-Dīn] Younger brother of the illustrious Abū Ḥāmid Muḥammad al-Ghazālī (505/1111), Aḥmad was a highly esteemed Ṣūfī master and the author of a number of short treatises in Persian and Arabic. He lived in Baghdad where he took his brother’s place at the Niẓāmiyya upon his retirement. He died in Qazwīn in 517/1123 or 520/1126. [Kitāb al-tajrīd fī kalimat al-tawḥīd], ff. 33r–39r. A commentary on the deeper meaning of the formula la ilāha iliā Allāh and the effects of its recitation on the human spirit.

3. Miscellaneous unidentified texts, ff.39v–43v.

4. al-Qārī, ‘Alī b. Sulṭān Muḥammad al-Harawī

An eminent scholar, he was born in Herat but lived in Mecca for most of his life. He died there in 1014/1605. Kitāb jam‘fī-hi ṣuḥuf wa mawā‘iẓ Allāh wa hiya aḥādīth qudsidyya, ff.45r–79v. A selection of 40 ḥadiths divided into mawā’iẓ or ṣaḥīfa. 5. Unidentified text, ff. 80r–108r. A philosophical text on cosmology, physical and spiritual worlds, angels and celestial spheres. COPYIST: unknown. DATE: n.d.

(second half of 13th/19th century). DESCRIPTION: 109 leaves; 13 lines per page; 160 x 110/125 x 80 mm.; black naskhī; diagram f.43v; soiled and water-stained. REFERENCES: For

al-Iṣfahānī (1), GAL I, p.492; SI, pp.676–7. See Kh. al-Dīn al-Ziriklī, al-A’lām, Beirut, 1979, vol.1, pp. 116–17. For al-Ghazālī (2), GAL I, p.546; SI, p.756. For al-Qārī (4), GAL II, p.517 (no.4), SII, p. 539; Mach 735. See ‘U.R. Kaḥḥāla, Mu’jam al-mu’allifīn, Damascus, 1959, vol.7, pp.100–1. EDITIONS AND TRANSLATIONS: For al-Iṣfahānī (1), ‘Abd Allāh b. ‘Abd al-Raḥman Bāfaḍl al-Ḥaḍramī, al-Muqaddima al-ḥaḍramiyya fī fiqh al-sāda al-shāfi‘iyya wa … al-Tarqīb aw ghāyat al-ikhtiṣār, Singapore, 1380/1960. For al-Shirbīnī’s commentary on al-Iṣfahānī’s work see Muḥammad b. Aḥmad al-Shirbīnī, al-Iqnā’ fī ḥall alfāẓ Abī Shujā‘, Cairo [1950], 2 vols. This edition contains in the margins notes by Shaykh ‘Iwaḍ with extracts from a super-commentary by Shaykh Ibrāhīm al-Bājūrī. Another edition of al-Shirbīnī’s work was published in 2 vols in Beirut and Damascus in 1996, ed. by ‘Alī ‘Abd al-Ḥamīd Abu’l-Khayr Muḥammad Wahbī Sulaymān. For al-Ghazālī (2), al-Ghazālī, Aḥmad, al-Tajrīd fī kalimat al-tawḥīd, Cairo, 1960 (2nd ed. 1967); M. Fewzī (tr.), el-Tefrīt fī terjemet el-Tejrīd, (Turkish), Istanbul, 1285/1868. STUDIES: For al-Ghazālī (2), N. Pūrjavādī, Sulṭān-i ṭarīqat, Tehran, 1358/1978.

1. The 47th dā‘ī in the Dā’ūdī Bohra branch of Ismailism. Initially Najm al-Dīn’s role was that of‘caretaker’ of the community without spiritual authority. However, in time, the majority of Dā’ūdīs recognised his leadership in full. He died in 1302/1885. 2. Appointed 51st dā‘ī of the Dā’ūdī Bohras in 1333/1915, Sayf al-Dīn’s fifty-year leadership marks one of the most challenging periods in the modern history of the community. He died in Bombay in 1385/1965. 3. Shaykh Muḥammad ‘Alī was the first of a succession of prominent scholars and authors in the Hamdānī family. He died in 1315/1898. See Daftary, The Ismā’īlīs, p.260. 4. This school is probably named after Yūsuf b. Sulaymān, the 24th dā‘ī muṭlaq (d. 974/1567). Yūsuf, the first Indian to be appointed to the Ṭayyibī leadership, conducted the affairs of the da‘wa from Sīdhpūr for some time before moving to Yemen. 5. ‘Abd al-Ḥusām al-Dīn became the 50th Dā’ūdī Bohra dā‘ī in 1323/1906. He played an active role in the implementation of educational policies adopted within his community. He died in 1333/ 1915. 6. The formula is intended as a protective device for the book. On the origins of this formula and its use in Islamic manuscripts see A. Gacek, ‘The Use of “Kabīkaj" in Arabic Manuscripts’, Manuscripts of the Middle East, I (1986), pp.49–53. 7. Also known as Daras Sayfī (or al-Sayfī), this college was founded by the 43rd Dā’ūdī dā‘ī muṭlaq ‘Abd-i Alī Sayf al-Dīn (1232/1817) in 1222–3/1807–1809 as a boarding institution for the religious training of Ismaili missionaries and the teaching of Arabic. It started as a prestigious school granting diplomas and degrees to students from all parts of India but by the 1340s/1920s had declined to become a primary school. It now has a branch in Bombay at the central headquarters (Badri Mahal) of the Dā’ūdī da‘wa. The Majālis by al-Ḥāmidī are listed among the works taught as part of the college’s curriculum. See Husain, Gulzare Daudi, p.82. 8. According to Poonawala (p.230), he was from Burhānpūr and died after 1318/1900. 9. The 49th Dā’ūdī dā‘ī who died in 1323/1906. 10. A small village about 75 miles from Ūdaypūr. The shrine of a Bohra saint there makes it a place of pilgrimage and popular devotion among the Dā’ūdīs. See A.A. Engineer, The Bohras, New Delhi, 1980, pp.226–9. 11. This is probably the brother of the 43rd Dā’ūdī dā‘ī ‘Abd-i ‘Alī Sayf al-Dīn (d.1232/1817), who died in 1217/1803. 12. The 41st Dā’ūdī dā‘ī who belonged to the Rajpūt dynasty of Gujarāt. He transferred the headquarters of the

da‘wa from Ujjain to Jāmnagar and died in Burhānpūr in 1200/1785. 13. An eminent member of a prominent family in Awrangābād. His son, Muḥammad ‘Izz al-Dīn (d. 1236/1821), became the 44th Dā’ūdī dā’ī and the leadership of the da‘wa has remained in the same family. 14. The 48th Dā’ūdī dā‘ī whose leadership was remarkable on two counts. He promoted the building of rest houses in various pilgrimage centres and strongly discouraged superstitious beliefs prevalent in his time. He died in 1308/1891. 15. The Dīwān of ‘Alī b. al-Walīd is listed among the works taught as part of the curriculum in use at the Daras Sūrat. See Husain, Gukare Daudi, p.80. 16. Shaykh Sajjād was one of the most eminent teachers in al-Jāmi’a al-Sayfiyya in Sūrat. See A.A. Engineer, The Bohras, pp.296–7. 17. During the leadership of Ibrāhīmjī b. ‘Abd al-Qādir, the da‘wa headquarters were transferred to Ujjain. He died in 1168/1754. The copyist of this manuscript is likely to have been one of his sons. 18. The Madrasa Ḥakīmiyya was founded in 1319/1901 in Burhānpūr as a primary school and converted into middle school by 1328/1910. The institution played a significant role as a centre of debate among the Dā’ūdī Bohra Ismailis at the beginning of the century. See A.A. Engineer, The Bohras, pp. 166–8 passim. 19. Members of the al-‘Īzawqī family are known to have lived in the town of Till Darra (near Salamiyya, Syria) where in the 1960s they were active in promoting religious education. See M. Amīn, Salamiyya fī khamsīn qarnan, Salamiyya, 1983, p.313. 20. Shaykh Khuḍr was a famous teacher in the Qur’ānic school of al-Sa‘ān near Salamiyya during the first quarter of this century. Cf. M. Amīn, Salamiyya…, p.313.

Note: Within the square brackets, the number on the left is the sequence number in this catalogue, the number to the right is the manuscript location number. Numbers not in brackets refer to the pages of this catalogue. ‘Abbās‘alī b. Najaf ‘Alī [143/923] ‘Abd Allāh b. Yaḥyā Muḥsin al-Jabal [66/958] ‘Abd Allāh Badr al-Dīn ‘Abd al-Ḥusām al-Dīn [Abu’l-Faḍl] [14/938] [72/903] [76/934] [118/925] [158/955] ‘Abd Allāh Muḥammad b. Mullā Ghulām ‘Alī [120/975] ‘Abd al-Ḥamīd [171/1017] ‘Abd al-Ḥusayn [62/864] ‘Abd al-Ḥusayn b. al-Ḥayy [163/912] ‘Abd al-Ḥusayn b. al-Mājid Mūsbhā’ī [b. Muḥammad ‘Alī Rāmpūrī Islāmpūrī] [8/906] ‘Abd al-Ḥusayn b. Mullā ‘Abd al-Rasūl [121/1019] ‘Abd al-Ḥusayn Ḥusām al-Dīn [86/942] ‘Abd al-Malik [176/1031] ‘Abd al-Qādir Ḥakīm al-Dīn [43/1005] ‘Abd al-Qādir Najm al-Dīn, Abū Muḥammad p.60 [2/944] [22/1020] [37/935] [79/1006] [80/1007] [83/901] [125/916] [136/978] [140/881] [158/955] note 1. ‘Abd al-Ṭayyib Zakī al-Dīn b. Ismā‘īl Badr al-Dīn [43/1005] ‘Abdān [1/920] [147/941] ‘Abd-i ‘Alī Sayf al-Dīn pp.14, 60 [144/891] notes 7, 11. Abū Bakr [56/866] [159/999] Abu’l-Barakāt [14/938] Abu’l-Fawāris, Aḥmad b. Ya‘qūb [33/867] [160/1039] Abu’l-Fawāris al-Ḥasan al-Mīmadhī [17/869] [33/867] Abū Firās, Shihāb al-Dīn [b. al-Qāḍī Naṣr b. Dhī al-Jawshan b. al-Ḥusayn al-Daylamī al-Maynaqī] [1/920] [171/1017] Abū Firās al-Hamdānī [155/1033] Abū Ja’far Muḥammad [160/1039] [175/1030]

Abū ’l-Khayr b. Muḥammad [173/970] Abū Muḥammad sec al-Ghazālī, Muḥammad b. Muḥammad Abū Sa‘īd [155/1033] [160/1039] Abū Tammām p.3 [1/920] [122/972] [181/843] Abū Yazīd pp.32, 47 Ādam [1/920] [51/984] [72/903] [132/965] [157/1038] [159/999] Aḥmad b. ‘Abd Allāh [b. Muḥammad b. Ismā’īl] p. 28 [41/1002] [135/924] Aḥmad b. ‘Alī b. Ḥanẓala p.80 Aḥmad b. al-Shaykh Khuḍr [160/1039] note 20 Aḥmad ‘Alī b. ‘Abd al-Karīm b. Mullā Muḥammad ‘Alī b. Mullā Ādamjī b. Mullā Muḥammad Ḥusayn b. Mullā Tājkhānjī b. Mullā ‘Abd al-Rasūl [22/1020] Akbar ‘Alī b. Mullā Bakhsh [79/1006] [80/1007] Akbar ‘Alī b. Mullā Sulṭān‘alī [106/902] [177/899] ‘Alā’ al-Dīn Muḥammad p.72 [117/996] [154/994] ‘Alī b. ‘Abd Allāh [167/969] Alī [b. Abī Ṭālib] [21/1024] [22/1020] [24/945] [29/937] [33/867] [40/1021] [56/866] [72/903] [85/873] [87/905] [144/891] [152/892] [154/994] [155/1033] [156/1018] [159/999] [164/962] [166/882] [171/1017] [173/970] [175/1030] ‘Alī b. Ḥanẓala [b. Abī Sālim al-Maḥfūẓī al-Wādi’ī al-Hamdānī] pp.4, 80 [2/944] [166/882] [167/969] ‘Alī b. Ḥusayn p.9 ‘Alībhā’ī b. Mullā Muḥammad ‘Alī [125/916] ‘Alī Ḥaydar ‘Izz al-Dīn [166/882] ‘Alī Muḥammad b. Hibat Allāhbhā’ī b. Sulṭān ‘Alī b. Karīmbhā’ī b. Ādamjī Muḥammad Burhān al-Dīn [69/946] Amīnjī b. Jalāl b. Ḥasan p.7 [8/906] [146/861] al-Āmir [14/938] [29/937] [142/913] [147/941] ‘Amr b. al-‘Āṣ [154/994] ‘Amr al-Fāriḍ [155/1033] al-Anṣārī, Jābir b. ‘Abd Allāh [176/1031] Aristotle [33/867] Āstān-i Quds Library, Mashhad [181/843] al-‘Awfī p.28 al-‘Awnī [154/994] [157/1038] al-’Azīz [bi’l-llāh] p.45 [25/917] [33/867] [68/1008] [147/941] [161/990] [173/970] Badr al-Jamālī [67/956] al-Baghdādī, Abū’l-Ḥasan [158/955] Bakhsh b. ‘Abd al-Rahīm [86/942] Bakhsh b. Sulṭān‘alī b. Muḥammad ‘Alī [2/944] Bakrī, Hibat Allāh walad [162/896] al-Barudāwī (or al-Parudāwī), ‘Abbās b. Mullā Muḥammad ‘Alī b. Mullā ‘Abd al-‘Alī b. Walījī b. Ṭayyibjī b. al-Adjī [35/886] [70/911] [131/880] al-Basāsīrī, [Arslān] p. 61 [110/981] al-Baṣrī, ‘Āmir [155/1033] [159/999] [170/1036] Baṣrī, Ja‘farbhā’ī b. ‘Alībhā’ī [84/936] al-Bazā’ī, Muḥammad b. al-Faḍl b. ‘Alī [154/994] [157/1038] [171/1017] Bhā’ī ‘Abd al-Ḥusayn Ḥisām al-Dīn [140/881] Bhā’ī Ismā‘ī1 Badr al-Dīn [140/881]

al-Bharūchī (or al-Bharūjī), Ḥasan, [b. Nūh b. Yūsuf b. Muḥammad b. Ādam al-Hindī] p.9 [11/930] [12/1010] [13/895] [14/938] [15/1011] [16/893] [17/869] [18/1022] [19/1023] [20/894] [21/1024] Biyā’varī (or Biyā’varwī), Ghulām Ḥusayn Mullā Fidā’ Ḥusayn [4/967] [167/969] Biyāwarāwālā, Mullā Ghadam Ḥusayn [114/952] Burhānpūrī, Quṭbbhā’ī (or Quṭb al-Dīn) Sulaymānjī p.14 al-Burhānpūrī, Salām Ḥusayn b. Mullā Muḥammad ‘Alī [47/1004] al-Buṣīrī, Sharaf al-Dīn Abū ‘Abd Allāh Muḥammad [b. Sa‘īd b. Ḥammād al-Ṣanhājī] [187/906] al-Bustī [al-Maqdisī], Abū Sulaymān Muḥammad b. Ma‘sharp.28 [44/1040] al-Dādīkhī, Qays b. Manṣūr [154/994] [157/1038] Daras Sayfī, Sūrat p.14 [24/945] [114/952] [121/1019] [129/949] [138/964] notes 7, 15 Dhayl b. Zaqā’a [176/1031] Faḍl Ḥusayn [“Alī?’] b. Muḥammad ‘Alī al-Ṭālib [18/1022] [21/1024] Faḍl Ḥusayn b. al-Shaykh Aḥmad ‘Alī al-Sanīlī b. al-Shaykh Aḥmad ‘Alī b, al-Shaykh Ṭayyib’alī b. Mullā Muḥammad b. Mullā Ḥasanjī b. Mullā ‘Abd al-Rasūl Bakhtwār [107/973] [165/954] al-Farghānī, al-Ḥasan al-Akhram [65/1032] al-Fāsī, Muḥammad b. al-Ṭāhir al-Kitātī al-ldrīsī [187/906] Fāṭima [21/1024] [144/891] Fayḍ Allāh b. Ibrāhīm b. Mullā Luqmānjī b. Muḥammadjī b. Tāj Muḥammad b. ‘Abd al-Rasūl b. Mullā Dā ‘ūdbhā’ī b. Fakhr al-Dīn [27/983] [65/1032] Fidā’ Ḥusayn b. Muḥammad ‘Alī [152/892] [158/955] Fyzee, A.A.A. [8/906] [93/1037] al-Ghazālī, [Abū Ḥāmid] [181/843] [188/904] al-Ghāzālī, Aḥmad b. Muḥammad [Shihāb al-Dīn] [188/904] al-Ghazālī, Muḥammad b. Muḥammad [181/843] al-Ghazālī, Shaykh Muḥammad [157/1038] Ghulām ‘Alī Mullā Akbar ‘Alī b. Mullā ‘Alā’ Bakhshjī [38/943] al-Hāfiẓ [142/913] al-Ḥājj Khiḍr [157/1038] [171/1017] al-Ḥājj Muḥammad Ḥaydar [170/1036] al-Ḥākim bi-Amr Allāh pp.35, 42, 45 [57/982] [65/1032] [69/946] [160/1039] [164/962] [169/993] [173/970] Hamdānī, ‘A. p.28 al-Hamdānī, Muḥammad ‘Alī b. Fayḍ Allāh b. Bhā’ī Ibrāhīm ‘Alī al-Mawlā [11/930] note 3 al-Ḥamdānī, Yūsuf [39/909] Ḥamdūsh, ‘Abd Allāh b. Muḥammad [49/1000] al-Ḥāmidī,‘Alī [b.] Ḥātim p.74 al-Ḥāmidī, Ḥātim b. Ibrāhīm b. al-Ḥusayn [b. Abi’l-Su’ūd al-Hamdānī] pp.17, 18, 74 [14/938] [21/1024] [24/945] [36/910] [100/985] [146/861] note 7 al-Hāmidī, Ḥusayn [120/975] al-Hāmidī, Ibrāhīm b. al-Ḥusayn [b. Abi’l-Su‘ūd al-Hamdānī] p.18 [2/944] [26/1035] [97/874] [177/899] Ḥamza [169/993] al-Ḥārithī, Muḥammad [b. Ṭāhir b. Ibrāhīm al-Khazrajī] pp. 18, 74 [29/937] [33/867] [34/932] [120/975] [177/899] Hārūn b. Muḥammad [164/962] [173/970] al-Hārūnī, Abu’l-Ḥusayn al-Mu’ayyad bi-’llāh [65/1032]

Ḥasan ‘Alī b. Rasūlbhā’ī (or Rasūljī) [b. Aḥmadjī b. Mullā Luqmānjī] [14/938] [76/934] [118/925] Ḥasan ‘Alī b. Ṭayyib ‘Alī [68/1008] Ḥasan [b. ‘Alī] [21/1024] [22/1020] [85/873] Ḥasan b. Idrīs p.9 Ḥasan b. Muḥammad b. Buzurg Ummīd (‘Alā’ Dhikri-hi al-Salām) [156/1018] Ḥasan b. Mullā Luqmānjī b. ‘Īsābhā’ī Khānjī b. Ḥasan Khān Abūjī [161/990] Hibat Allāhbhā’ī b. ‘Īsābhā’ī [125/916] Hibat Allāh Mullā ‘Abd al-Qādir Ja‘far Māmā b. Nūrbhā’ī b. Qāsimjī b. Ādam Khānjī [24/945] [78/933] [115/918] al-Ḥillī, Jamāl al-Dīn [Abū Manṣūr al-Ḥasan b. Yūsuf al-Muṭahhar] [179/790] [182/432] al-Ḥirzī, Hibat Allāh b. Muḥammad [28/951] Hülagü [186/903] Ḥusayn [b. ‘Alī] [21/1024] [22/1020] [41/1002] [85/873] [144/891] [154/994] [156/1018] [157/1038] [166/882] Ḥusayn [b.] Idrīs ’Imād al-Dīn pp.9, 73 [11/930] Ḥusayn, M. Kāmil [67/956] Iblīs [157/1038] Ibn Abū Shammān [171/1017] Ibn ‘Arabī, Muḥyi’l-Dīn [155/1033] Ibn Ḥadīd [155/1033] Ibn Ḥawshab see Manṣūr al-Yaman Ibn Kāmil [81/1014] Ibn Khallikān [43/1005] Ibn Killis p.6 Ibn al-Rāwandī [100/985] Ibn Sīnā [127/875] [186/903] Ibrāhīm al-Anf b. Abī Salāma p.74 Ibrāhīmjī b. ‘Abd al-Qādir b. Mullā Khān [145/1027] Idrīs ‘Imād al-Dīn [b. Al-Ḥasan b. ‘Abd Allāh b. ‘Alī al-Qurayshī] pp.23, 73 [2/944] [14/938] [21/1024] [22/1020] [36/910] [44/1040] [72/903] [118/925] [167/969] Ikhwān al-Ṣafā’ p.28 [14/938] [25/917] [26/1035] [29/937] [44/1040] [115/918] [127/875] [135/924] [155/1033] [170/1036] [176/1031] ‘Īsābhā’ī b. Fatḥ [97/874] al-Iṣfahānī, Abū Shujā‘ Aḥmad b. al-Ḥusayn [Shihāb al-Dīn Abū al-Ṭayyib] [188/904] Isḥāq b. ‘Abd al-Qādir [68/1008] Isḥaq b. Sulaymān b. Mullā Ḥasanbhā’ī [11/930] Isḥāq b. al-Shaykh al-Fāḍil Sulaymānjī [45/927] Ismā‘īl b. Ja‘far [36/910] [51/984] [85/873] Ismā‘īl b. Walībhā’ī b. Ḥabīb Allāh b. Luqmānjī [83/901] Ismā‘īl b. ‘Īsābhā’ī [158/955] Ismā‘īl Mullā Ghulām Ḥusayn Jīwābhā’ī [26/1035] al-Ismā’īlī, al-Ḥasan b. al-Nu‘mānī [44/1040] Ivanow, W. [126/878] [169/993] [181/843] al-‘Īzawqī, Muḥammad b. Saqar [154/994] note 19 Ja ‘far b. Manṣūr al-Yaman [Abu’l-Qāsim Ja‘far b. al-Ḥasan b. Faraj b. Ḥawshab] p.32 [14/938] [29/937] [36/910] [52/1013] [53/928] [146/861] [147/941] [177/899] Ja‘far [al-Ḥājib] [43/1005] [161/990]

Ja‘far al-Ṣādiq [85/873] [87/905] [159/999] [160/1039] [171/1017] [172/997] [175/1030] [176/1031] al-Jāḥiẓ, Abū ‘Uthmān ‘Amr b. Bahr [56/866] Jalāl [b. Ḥasan] p.6 Jarwā [139/998] al-Jazūlī. Abū ‘Abd Allāh Muḥammad [b. Sulaymān b. Abī Bakr al-Samlālī] [187/906] Jīwabhā’ī, Aḥmad ‘Alī b. al-Ḥayy [184/854] Jīwanjī b. Dā’ūdbhā’ī [43/1005] al-Ju‘fī, Rawāh al-Mufaḍḍal b. ‘Umar [175/1030] al-Kamkhwābwālā, Ṭāhirbhā’ī [47/1004] al-Kasrawānī, Muḥammad [171/1017] al-Kāthyāwarī al-Gādhakarwī, Amīn b. ‘Alī [12/1010] [15/1011] [19/1023] [43/1005] [46/992] [94/897] [150/919] al-Kāzarūnī, Sa’īd b. Muḥammad [21/1024] Khaṭṭāb [b.] Wasīm [71/863] [81/1014] Khatikīn p. 35 [55/884] Khuḍr b. al-Shaykh Muḥammad al-Ḥājj [160/1039] al-Khurāsānī, Ibrāhīm [154/994] Kīdūnjī, Quṭb b. Nūr Khān b. Ibrāhīmjī b. Dā’ūdjī [135/924] al-Kirmānī, Ḥamīd al-Dīn [Aḥmad b. ‘Abd Allāh] p.35 [19/1023] [26/1035] [35/886] [55/884] [56/866] [57/982] [60/989] [65/1032] [122/972] [130/931] [147/941] [156/1018] [166/882] Kulayb [139/998] Kulthūmbā’ī (or Kulthūm Kankhābwālā) [47/1004] Luqmān [33/867] al-Ma‘arrī, Abu’l-‘Alā’ [17/869] [100/985] al-Madanī, ‘Abd al-Nāfi‘ [184/854] Madrasa Ḥakīmiyya [150/919] note 18 Madrasa Yūsufiyya [12/1010] [15/1011] [19/1023] al-Mahdī [bi’1-llāh] p.47 [41/1002] [43/1005] [53/928] [68/1008] [79/1006] [85/873] [161/990] al-Majdū‘, [Ismā’īl b. ‘Abd al-Rasūl] [2/944] [72/903] [87/905] [167/969] [168/887] [177/899] al-Malījī, Abū’l-Qāsim [‘Abd al-Ḥākim b. Wahb] p.44 [67/956] al-Mandasūrī, ‘Abd al-Ḥusayn b. ‘Alī Muḥammad [51/984] al-Manṣūr [bi’l-llāh] pp.32, 47 [79/1006] Manṣūr al-Yaman p.32 [177/899] al-Maqrīzī, Taqī al-Dīn [Abu’l-‘Abbās Aḥmad b. ‘Alī b. ‘Abd al-Qādir] [183/907] Marquet, Y. [155/1033] al-Mas‘ūdī, Abu’l-Ḥasan ‘Alī b. al-Ḥusayn [160/1039] Miguel, A. [160/1039] Mīthābhā’ī b. Mullā Muḥammad ‘Alī [116/950] Miyā Ma’mūjī b, ‘Alī Pā’īn b. Tājkhān b. Khūj [50/914] al-Mu‘addil, Ḥasan b. Aḥmad [b.‘Alī] [155/1033] [156/1018] [157/l038] [157/1038] [170/1036] [171/1017] Mu‘awiya [160/1039] Muḥammad (Prophet) [22/1020] [29/937] [33/867] [51/984] [54/1028] [56/866] [72/903] [118/925] [143/923] [150/919] [152/892] [154/994] [160/1039] [187/906] Muḥammad b. ‘Abd Allāh [157/1038] Muḥammad b. ‘Alī b. Abī Yazīd [29/937] [120/975] Muḥammad b. ‘Alī Muḥammad [172/997]

Muḥammad b. ‘Alī b. Zayn al-‘Ābidīn [176/1031] Muḥammad b. Ḥasan p.9 Muḥammad b. Ismā‘īl b. Ja‘far al-Ṣādiq [41/1002] [85/873] Muḥammad b. al-Qāsim [67/956] Muḥammad b. Yūsuf [173/970] Muḥammad ‘Alī b. Sulṭān‘alī [136/978] Muḥammad ‘Alī ‘najl’ Mullā Jīwābhā’ī ‘najl’ Mullā ‘Abd al-Qādir [184/854] Muḥammad Badr al-Dīn pp.60, 71 [96/939] Muḥammad al-Bāqir [166/882] Muḥammadbhā’ī [6/966] Muḥammad Burhān al-Dīn [Abū Tayyib] p.60 [26/1035] [69/946] [78/933] [97/874] [115/918] Muḥammad ‘Izz al-Dīn b. Shaykh Jīwanjī Awrangābādī [116/950] note 13 Muḥammad Kāẓim [182/432] Muḥriz b. Khalaf [187/906] al-Mu‘izz [li-Dīn ‘llāh] pp.3, 32, 47 [54/1028] [75/872] [79/1006] [83/901] [85/873] [87/905] [147/941] [166/882] al-Mujtabā [169/993] Mullā Ghulām Ḥusayn Faḍl‘alī [73/1016] Mullā Shaykhbhā’ī b. Mullā Ibrāhīmjī [116/950] Mullā Walā Muḥammad b. Ḥabīb Allāh [116/950] Mullā Yūsuf ‘Alī [26/1035] al-Muqrī, Sirāj al-Dīn[17/869] al-Mursī, Abu’l-‘Abbās Aḥmad [187/906] Mūsā b. Ḥasanjī b. ‘Alījān b. Jalāl [29/937] al-Mustanṣir [bi’l-llāh] p.74 [29/937] [67/956] [110/981] [147/941] [177/899] al-Nahrajūrī, Abū Aḥmad p.28 al-Nahrawānī, Abū Aḥmad [176/1031] al-Najjār, ‘Abd Allāh b. ‘Alī b. Ḥamūd [159/999] al-Nasabī, Abū Sulaymān Muḥammad b. Sa‘d [176/1031] al-Nasafī, Muḥammad p.3 [33/867] [122/972] Nāṣir al-Dīn Muḥtasham [186/903] al-Nayrabī, ‘Alī [171/1017] al-Nīsābūrī, Aḥmad b. Muḥammad (or Ibrāhīm) p.45 [14/938] [154/994] [161/990] [165/954] Nu‘mān b. Muḥammad Ḥusayn [138/964] al-Pūrī, ‘Abbās b. Mullā Muḥammad ‘Alī [56/866] [146/861] Poonawala, I. [91/860] al-Qāḍī al-Ḥusayn b. ‘Alī Ḥanẓala [158/955] al-Qāḍī al-Nu‘mān [Abū Ḥanīfa b. Muḥammad b. Manṣūr b. Aḥmad b. Ḥayyūn al-Tamīmī] pp.7, 32, 47–8 [8/906] [21/1024] [29/937] [35/886] [36/910] [43/1005] [67/956] [71/863] [81/1014] [82/889] [91/860] [93/1037] [126/878] [146/861] [147/941] [149/862] [154/994] [158/955] [164/962] [173/970] [176/1031] al-Qā’im [bi-Amr Allāh] p.32 [43/1005] [79/1006] [91/860] [93/1037] Qamar al-Dīn b. Fidā’ Ḥusayn Siyāmwālā [168/887] al-Qārī al-Harawī, ‘A. b. Sulṭān M. [188/904] Rājī Luṭf al-Walī Aḥmad ‘Abduh ‘Alī b. al-Shaykh Ḥaydar [156/1018] Rāmpūrī, Chānd Khān Allāh Bakhshjī [54/1028]

Ranālawī, Akbar ‘Alī b. Mullā Sulṭān‘alī [104/948] [106/902] al-Rāzī, Abū Ḥātim p.68 [55/884] al-Rāzī, Abū Bakr Zakariyyā’ (Rhazes) [55/884] al-Rayḥānī, Abu’l-Ḥasan ‘Alī b. Zahrwān [176/1031] Ritter, H. [181/843] Ṣādiq ‘Alī b. Ghulām Ḥusaynjī [99/977] Sāfir b. al-Bahlawān [170/1036] [171/1017] al-Ṣaḥḥāf, Shaykh Mahdī b. ‘Abbās b. Muḥammad b. Mahdī al-Ḥā’ir [185/888] Sakhānī, Shaykh Asad b. Ḥātim [158/955] Ṣāliḥ walad Burj‘alī [59/980] Salmān al-Fārisī [154/994] [159/999] [170/1036] Sārangpūrī, ‘Alī Aḥmad ‘Abd al-Ḥusayn [164/962] Sārangpūrī, Ghulām Murtaḍā Ṣafdarī b. al-Shaykh al-Taqī ‘Alī Ḥaydarī [72/903] al-Sayyida al-Ḥurra p.70 [29/937] [177/899] al-Shādilī, Abū Manṣūr [al-Yamānī] [156/1018] [175/1030] Shāhjahānpūrī, ‘Abd-i ‘Alī b. Jīwābhā’ī [‘Imād al-Dīn] p.60 [150/919] al-Shāhjahānpūrī, Isḥāq b. al-Shaykh Sulaymānjī [130/931] al-Shahrastānī, Mirzā Muḥammad [Ḥusayn b. Mirzā Muḥammad ‘Alī b. Muḥammad Ḥusayn al-Mar‘ashī al-Ḥā’irī] [185/888] Shahriyār b. Ḥasan [29/937] Sharaf al-Dīn Ja‘far b. Muḥammad b. Ḥamza [b. al-Ḥasan al-Maḥfūzī al-Wādi‘ī] [167/969] Sharaf‘alī b. Mullā ‘Alī Muḥammadjī [116/950] al-Sharīf al-Murtaḍā [33/867] Shaykh ‘Abd al-Ḥusayn b. Mullā Qamar al-Dīn [138/964] Shaykh ‘Abd al-Qādir (Possibly ‘Abd al-Qādir Najm al-Dīn) [116/950] Shaykh Ḥabīb Allāh b. Mullā Luqmānjī [116/950] Shaykh Ibrāhīm b. Shaykh ‘Abd al-Qādir p.60 Shaykh Muḥammad [154/994] [176/1031] Shaykh Sajjād Ḥusayn Ṣāhib [122/972] note 16 Shaykh Sulaymānjī [b.] al-Shaykh Yūsuf [76/934] Shaykh Yūnus [157/1038] Shaykh Yūsufbhā’ī [116/950] al-Shīrāzī, al-Mu’ayyad fi’l-Dīn [Abū Naṣr Hibat Allāh b. Abī ‘Imrān Mūsā b. Dā’ūd al-Salmānī] p.44, 61 [17/869] [19/1023] [21/1024] [26/1035] [29/937] [33/867] [35/886] [36/910] [37/935] [67/956] [72/903] [97/874] [110/981] [115/918] [122/972] [130/931] [147/941] [162/896] [166/882] [168/887] [174/883] al-Shirbīnī, Muḥammad b. Aḥmad [188/904] Shūrā, Mullā Ghulām ‘Alī b. ‘Abd al-Ḥusayn [5/885] [13/895] [16/893] [17/869] [20/894] [23/868] [55/884] [126/878] [127/875] [134/879] [142/913] al-Sijistānī, Abū Ya‘qūb [Isḥāq b. Aḥmad] p.68 [26/1035] [65/1032] [112/1003] [122/972] [162/896] [177/899] [178/877] Sīn‘alī, Ghulām ‘Alī Mullā ‘Abd al-Ḥusayn [129/949] Sīn‘alī, Shaykh Sulaymānjī [61/947] Sīn‘alī, Ṭāhir b. al-Shaykh Ibrāhīm Mullā Ghulām b. Mullā ‘Abd al-Ḥusayn [113/960] [114/952] Sinān, Rāshid al-Dīn [156/1018] Socrates [33/867] Stern, S.M. [67/956]

al-Ṣūfi‘l-Baghdādī [154/994] al-Ṣulayḥī, Aḥmad al-Mukarram b. ‘Alī b. Muḥammad [177/899] [al-Ṣulayḥī], ‘Alī b. Muḥammad p.74 Sulṭān b. Ja‘farphā’ī b. Miyānphā’ī b. Miyān Khānjī b. Sulaymānjī b. Miyān Ḥasanjī [148/915] al-Sulṭān al-Khaṭṭāb [b. al-Ḥasan b. Abī al-Ḥifāẓ al-Ḥajūrī al-Hamdānī] P.70 [33/867] [115/918] Sulṭān Muḥammad Shāh (Āghā Khān III) [175/1030] Tahānāwālā, Ṭayyibbhā’ī b. ‘Īsābhā’ī [130/931] Ṭāhīr b. Shaykh Ḥaydar ‘Alī [6/966] Ṭāhīr Sayf al-Dīn, Abū Muḥammad [5/885] [6/966] [8/906] [12/1010] [15/1011] [17/869] [18/1022] [19/1023] [21/1024] [23/868] [27/983] [31/953] [33/867] [39/909] [55/884] [59/980] [62/864] [63/957] [67/956] [70/911] [75/872] [100/985] [102/986] [107/973] [113/960] [116/950] [120/975] [129/949] [131/880] [134/879] [137/971] [142/913] [146/861] [164/962] [165/954] [166/882] [168/887] [174/883] [178/877] note 2 Tāmir, ‘Ā. [1/920] [49/1000] [154/994] Taqī Aḥmad b. ‘Abd Allāh [41/1002] al-Tawḥīdī, Abū Ḥayyān p.28 al-Ṭayyib [b. al-Āmīr Abū’l-Qāsim] [22/1020] [29/937] [115/918] [120/975] [124/963] [129/949] [140/881] [142/913] Ṭayyib b. Ibrāhīm b. Khān [145/1027] Ṭayyib b. Mullā Sulṭān ‘Alī [37/935] Ṭayyib Zayn al-Dīn b. Shaykh Jīwanjī Awrangābādī p.71 [22/1020] [116/950] al-Ṭayyibī, Shams al-Dīn b. Aḥmad (or Muḥammad) p.72 [176/1031] al-Ṭayyibī, Shaykh Aḥmad p.72 al-Tijjānī, Abu’l-‘Abbās Aḥmad b. Muḥammad [187/906] al-Ṭūsī, Naṣīr al-Dīn [Abū Ja‘far Muḥammad b. Muḥammad b. al-Ḥasan] [186/903] Ūdaypūrī, Ḥasan b. ‘Alī Muḥammad b. Mullā Rajab ‘Alījī b. Tājkhānjī [102/986] Ūdaypūrī, Mullā Ghulām ‘Abbās b. Mullā Sharaf ‘Alī Amīn [122/972] ‘Umar [56/866] ‘Uthmān [56/866] al-Wādi‘ī, al-Dhu’ayb b. Mūsā pp. 17, 70 [22/1020] [29/937] al-Walīd, ‘Abd Allāh b. ‘Alī b. Muḥammad [b. Ḥasan b. ‘Abd Allāh b. ‘Alī b. Muḥammad b. Ḥātim b. Ḥusayn b. ‘Alī] p.73 [17/869] [118/925] al-Walīd, ‘Alī b. al-Ḥusayn [b. Ja‘far b. Ibrāhīm al-Anf al-Qurayshī] pp.17, 73, 80 [14/938] [29/937] [33/867] [120/975] [158/955] [177/899] al-Walīd, ‘Alī b. Muḥammad [b. Ja‘far b. Ibrāhīm b. al-Anf al-Qurayshī] pp.18, 74 [17/869] [29/937] [145/1027] [147/941] [162/896] [177/899], note 15 al-Walīd, Ḥusayn b. ‘Alī [Muḥammad b. Ja‘far b. Ibrāhīm b. al-Walīd al-Anf al-Qurayshī] p.80 [36/910] [158/955] Walīd b. al-‘Uqba [147/941] Walker, P. [181/843] Yaḥyā b. Zakariyyā’ [171/1017] al-Yamānī, ‘Abd al-Ḥusayn b. al-Shaykh Ḥusayn al-Nā’ib [31/953] al-Yamānī, Muḥammad b. Muḥammad [161/990] [165/954] al-Yāmī, Sulṭān ‘Alī b. Ḥātim p.15 al-Yazābī, ‘Alī [171/1017] Yūsuf b. Sulaymān p.9, note 4

al-Ẓāhir p.35 al-Zanjānī, Abu’l-Ḥasan ‘Alī b. Hārūn p.28 Zayd b. Rifā‘a p.28 Zayn al-‘Ābidīn [21/1024] [156/1018] [157/1038] [178/877] al-Zīr, Sālim p.84

Ad‘iyyat al-ṭawāf [174/883] ‘Ahd nāmah (or ‘Ahd Allāh wa ‘ahd awliyā’ihi, ‘Ahd al-awliyā’, ‘Ahd Allāh al-Karīm, Risālat al-‘ahd, Khuṭbat ‘ahd al-rijāl wa khuṭbat ‘ahd al-nisā) [140/881] Ajwibat al-Qāḍī al-Nu‘mān ibn Muḥammad ‘an masā’il sa’ala-hu ‘an-ha Khaṭṭāb ibn Wasīm [71/863] [164/962] [173/970] [Akhdh al-‘ahd ‘alā al-mustajīb] [155/1033] A‘lām al-nubūwwa [55/884] al-Anwār al-laṭīfa al-dhawī al-ṣuwar al-nayyira al-sharīfa [28/951] ‘Aqīdat al-muwaḥḥidīn wa mūḍiḥat marātib al-fuḍalā’ min ahl al-dīn (or ‘Aqīdat al-muwaḥḥidīn wa mūḍiḥat marātib ahl al-dīn) [36/910] [130/931] [131/880] al-Aqwāl al-dhahabiyya wa’l-ṭibb al-rūḥānī (or al-Aqwāl al-dhahabiyya fi’lṭibb al-rūḥānī) [55/884] Asās al-ta’wīl (or Asās al-ta’wīl fi’l-bāṭin) [72/903] [73/1016] [74/959] Asmā’ Allāh al-ḥusnā [178/877] Asrār al-nuṭaqā’ [36/910] [51/984] Bāb khāṣṣiyat al-lams [160/1039] al-Bāb al-thānī fī īḍāḥ mā warada ‘an Mawlā-nā al-Ṣādiq Ja ‘far b. Muḥammad fī faḍl yawm al-ghadīr [140/881] al-Burda li’l-Buṣīrī [187/906] Da‘ā’im al-Islām fī dhikr al-ḥalāl wa’l-ḥarām wa’l-qaḍāyā wa’l-aḥkām [8/906] [83/901] [89/991] [146/861] [149/862] [173/970]; (al-jild al-awwal) [75/872] Dalā’il al-khayrāt [187/906] Dalāla athītha fī dhīkr taḥrīm nabta khabītha (or Risālat al-tanbāk) [184/854] Dhikr ma’rifat al-Imām [169/993] Dīwān al-Mu’ayyad fi’-Dīn al-Shīrāzī [21/1024] [97/874] [98/940]; (al-juz’ al-awwal) [99/977] Dīwān sayyid-nā ‘Abd Allāh (or Wasīlat al-mu‘lam al-marfū‘a ilā sayyid walad Ādam) [118/925] [119/876] Dīwān Sayyid-nā ‘Alī b. Muḥammad b. al-Walīd [120/975] [121/1019] note 15

Dīwān Sayyid-nā Zayn al-Dīn [116/950] Ḍiyā’al albāb al-muḥtawī ‘aīd al-masā’il wa’l-jawāb [122/972] [123/870] Ḍiyā’ al-baṣā’ir wa zubdat al-sarā’ir [36/910] Ḍiyā’ al-ḥulūm wa miṣbāḥ al-’ulūm [2/944] [3/898] [4/967] Du‘āt [178/877] Du‘ā’Ibn Istaṭāl [187/906] Du‘ā’jalīl [187/906] Du‘ā’li’l-Shaykh al-Tijjānī [187/906] Du‘ā’mawlā-nā ‘Alī Zayn al-‘Ābidīn [178/877] Du ‘ā’ mubārak [187/906] Du‘ā’ al-Mughnī [187/906] al-Du ‘ā’ al-mustajāb (Druze)[169/993] al-Du‘ā’ al-mustajāb [178/877] Du ‘ā’ al-nūr li-mawlāti-nā Fāṭīma al-zahrā’[178/877] Dustūr al-Mawlā ‘Alā’ al-Dīn, see al-Dustūr wa da‘wat al-mu’minīn li’l-ḥuḍūr. al-Dustūr wa da ‘wat al-mu ’minīn li’l-ḥuḍūr [117/996] [176/1031] Faḍa’il al-Sayfī [187/906] Faṣl fī ma‘rifat al-tawḥīd ‘an al-Shiblī [160/1039] Faṣl fī mumāthalat tarkīb jasad al-insān bi’l-arkān al-arba‘a [155/1033] Faṣl fī’l-radd ‘alā man yankar al-‘ālam al-rūḥānī [65/1032] [66/958] Faṣl mīn kalān ba‘ḍ al-du‘āt [162/896] Faṣl min kalām Rāshid al-Dīn [160/1039] Faṣl al-nūrayn, see Rīsala mīn kalām Abā (sic) Ja’far Muḥammad al-Firaq wa’l-tawārīkh, see Kitāb al-tawārīkh wa’l-milal al-Ghurar wa’l-durar [33/867] Ḥadīth (attr. ‘Alī b. Abī Ṭālib) [156/1018] al-Ḥajar al-aswad [141/890] [174/883] [178/877] Ḥashīshat al-fuqarā’ [184/854] Ḥāshiyya jalī fī aḥwāl al-musnad ilā ākhir ‘ilm al-badī‘ bi-funūn al-Malik al-Wahhāb [180/382] [al-]Hidāya [al-Āmiriyya] [147/941] Ḥirz al-aqsām [187/906] Ḥirz Sayyid-nā ‘Alī b. Abī Ṭālib [187/906] al-Ḥirz al-yamānī [187/906] al-Ibāna wa’l-taṣrīḥ fī ma‘nā al-ṣalāt wa’l-tasbīḥ [167/969] Īḍāḥ al-i‘lām wa ibānat al-hidāya fī kamāl ‘iddat al-ṣiyām [37/935] al-Īḍāḥ wa’l-tabyīn fī ma‘nā wilādatay al-jism wa’l-dīn (or fī kayfiyyat tasalsul wilādatay al-jism wa’l-dīn) [124/963] al-‘Idhār [al-Risāla al-mawsūma bi] [169/993] Iḥyā marāsim al-dīn [142/913] Ikhtilāf uṣūl al-madhāhib [126/878] ‘Inda khurūj al-safar, ‘inda al-rukūb, al-ḥajar al-aswad [168/887] Invocations [159/999] [168/887] Irshād al-adhhān ilā aḥkām al-īmān [179/790] al-Ishārāt wa’l-tanbīhāt [186/903] ‘Ishrūn mā’ida al-jismāniyya wa’l-nafsāniyya - ‘Ishrūn masā’il fi’l-ḥaqā’iq [162/896]

‘Ishrūn mas’ala fi’l-ḥaqā’iq (or ‘Ishrūn mā’ida fi’l-jismāniyya wa’l-nafsāniyya) [177/899] Ithbāt al-imāma [69/946] [70/911] Jāmi‘ al-ḥaqā’iq [146/861] Jalā’ al-‘uqūl wa zubdat al-maḥṣūl [125/916] Kalām fi’l-tarbiyya [29/937] Kalām wajad fī’l-ma‘ād [177/899] Kanz al-walad [2/944] [26/1035] [27/983] [97/874] Khabar ‘an mawlā-nā Ja‘far al-Ṣādiq [172/997] Khalaf b. Aḥmad p.16 al-Khiṭaṭ al-maqriziyya, see al-Mawā‘iẓ wa’l-i‘tibār fī dhikr al-khiṭaṭ wa’l-athār Khuṭbat Rasūl Allāh [143/923] Kitāb al-‘ālim wa’l-ghulām [52/1013] Kitāb Amīr al-mu’minīn ‘Alī b. Abī Ṭālib ilā jamī‘ al-jinn wa’l-shayāṭīn [173/970] Kitāb al-azhār wa majma ‘ al-anwār al-malqūṭa min basātīn al-asrār majāmi ‘ al-fawākih al-rūḥāniyya wa’l-thimār p.9; (al-juz’ al-awwal) [11/930] [12/1010] [13/895]; (al-juz’ al-thānī’) [14/938] [15/1011] [16/893]; (al-juz’al-thālith) [17/869] [18/1022]; (al-juz’al-rābi’) [19/1023] [20/894]; (part al-juz’ al-sādis) [21/1024] Kitāb al-bayān li-mabāḥith al-ikhwān [156/1018] [175/1030] Kitāb Bilawhar wa Būdhāsf [17/869] Kitāb al-burhān p. 3 Kitāb al-farā’iḍ wa ḥudūd al-dīn [53/928] Kitāb al-fatarāt wa’l-qirānāt [14/938] Kitāb fī iklīl al-nafs wa tāji-hā [55/884] Kitāb ghāyat al-ikhtiṣār (or al-Tarqīb) [188/904] Kitāb al-haft al-sharīf [175/1030] Kitāb al-ḥawāshī [8/906] [9/908] [10/921] Kitāb al-īḍāḥ [1/920] Kitāb al-īḍāḥ (al-Qāḍī al-Nu‘mān) [78/933] [81/1014] [93/1037] Kitāb al-iftikhār [112/1003] Kitāb iftitāḥ al-da‘wa (or Kitāb iftitāḥ al-da‘wa wa ibtidā’ al-dawla) [43/1005] [71/863] [76/934] [77/1001] Kitāb al-ikhbār fi’l-fiqh (or al-akhbār) [78/933] Kitāb al-ikhtiṣār li-ṣaḥīḥ ‘an al-a ’imma al-aṭhār (or Ikhtiṣār al-āthār), see Mukhtaṣar al-āthār Kitāb al-iqtisār [146/861] Kitāb istitār al-Imām wa tafarruq al-du‘āt fi’l-jazā’ir li-ṭalabi-hi [68/1008] [161/990] [165/954] Kitāb jam ‘ fī-hi ṣuḥuf wa mawā ‘iẓ Allāh wa hiya aḥādīth qudsidyya [188/904] Kitāb khazīnat al-‘ulūm wa’l-fawā’id, see Kanz al-walad Kitāb majālis al-mu’minīn [171/1017] Kitāb al-majālis wa’l-musāyarāt wa’l-muwāfiq wa‘l-tawqī‘āt ‘an al-imām al-Mu‘izz li-Dīn Allāh wa ‘an Ābā’i-hi [21/1024] [43/1005]; (al-jild al-awwal - juz’ I–10) [79/1006]; (al-jild al-thānī) [80/1007] Kitāb al-mas’ala wa’l-jawāb [29/937] Kitāb al-Maṣābīḥ fī ithbāt al-imāma [57/982] [58/907] [59/980] Kitāb maṭāli‘ al-anwār [21/1024] Kitāb min Muḥammad b. ‘Abd Allāh [157/1038] Kitāb al-mīthāq tarātīb al-rutab al-ja‘fariyya ‘alā sab‘a abwāb (or Tarātīb al-ja‘fariyya) [176/1031] Kitāb mizān al-ḥaqā’iq [145/1027] Kitāb mukhtaṣar kalām al-sharā ’i‘ [160/1039]

Kitāb al-muntakhab min al-da‘ā’im [146/861] Kitāb muntaza‘ fi’l-akhbār al-mukhtaṣar fī al-āthār fī dhikr al-a’imma al-aṭhār wa sīrat al-du ‘āt al-abrār (or Muntaza‘ al-akhbār fi akhbār al-du ‘āt al-akhyār) [22/1020]; (al-jild al-awwal) [23/868] Kitāb murūj al-dhahab wa ma‘ādin al-jawhar fī tuḥaf al-ashrāf min al-mulūk wa ahl al-dirāyāt [160/1039] Kitāb nahj al-hidāya li’l-muhtadīn [109/1026] Kitāb al-riḍā’ [146/861] Kitāb al-shajara [1/920] Kitāb shajarat al-dīn wa burhān al-yaqīn [181/843] Kitāb al-ṭahāra wa’l-ṣalāt [88/865] Kitāb al-taḥdhīr wa’l-tandhīr [148/915] Kitāb al-taḥdhīr wa’l-tandhīr (Druze) [169/993] Kitāb tāj al-‘aqā’id wa ma‘din al-fawā’id [128/1015] Kitāb ta’līf al-arwāḥ [162/896] [Kitāb al-tajrīd fī kalimat al-tawḥīd] [188/904] Kitāb al-tawārīkh wa’l-milal [181/843] Kitāb al-tawḥīd (attr. al-Nīsābūrī) [154/994] Kitāb al-tawḥīd, [160/1039] [170/1036] [176/1031] Kitāb al-tawḥīd (or al-Tawḥīd wa’l-imāma min khuṭab Amīr al-mu ’minīn), see Sharḥ al-khuṭab al-latī li’l-Amīr al-mu’minīn Kitāb ta’wīl al-zakāt [54/1028] Kitāb al-tawrāt [163/912] Kitāb waṣiyat rasūl Allāh [163/912] Kitāb al-yanābī‘ [113/960] [114/952] Kitāb al-yanbū‘ [146/861] Kitāb al-zumurrud [100/985] Lubb al-lubāb wa nūr al-albāb [95/926] Ma‘ālim al-Mahdī [43/1005] Ma‘āṣim al-hudā wa’l-iṣāba fī taf ḍīl ‘Alī ‘alā al-ṣaḥāba [56/866] al-Mabda’ wa’l-ma ‘ād p.4 Mafātīḥ. al-ni’ma [158/955] Majālis (Abu’l-Barakāt) [14/938] Majālis (attr. Zayn al-‘Ābidīn) [156/1018] al-Majālis al-‘āshūriyya [144/891] al-Majālis al-Mu’ayyadiyya [19/1023] [21/1024] [29/937] [33/867] [37/935]; (al-mi’a al-ūlā) [100/985] [101/988]; (al-mi’a al-thāniyya) [102/986]; (al-mi’a al-thālitha) [103/987] [104/948]; (al-mi’a al-rābi‘a) [105/871]; (al-mi’a al-sādisa) [106/902] [107/973]; (selections) [108/922] al-Majālis al-Mustanṣiriyya [67/956] Majālis Sayyid-nā Ḥātim b. Ibrāhīm al-Ḥāmīdī [2 1/1024] [24/945] note 7 Majmū‘at ad‘iyyat al-ayyām al-sab‘a min yawm al-aḥad ilā yawm al-sabt min al-ṣaḥīfa al-yamāniyya [166/882] Majmū‘ al-tarbiyya (al-niṣf al-awwal) [29/937] [30/1012] [31/953] [32/961]; (al-niṣf al-thānī’) [34/932] [33/867] Malḥama [171/1017] Maliḥ [170/1036] Manāqib al-mawlā Rāshid al-Dīn [156/1018] al-Maqāmāt al-ithnā ‘ashar li-yawm ‘arafa wa huwa du‘ā’ al-balāgh, li-Sayyid-nā al-Mu’ayyad fi’l-Dīn [al-Shīrāzī] [168/887]

Masā’il Abī Hāzim [172/997] Masā’il Amīnjī b. Jalāl [146/861] Masā’il fi’l-ḥaqā’iq, see Risāla jāmi‘at al-jāmi‘a Masā’il fi’l-ḥaqā’iq ‘ishrūn [162/896] Masā’il fiqhiyya mimmā ikhtaṣara-hu Ibn Kāmil min al-īḍāḥ wa min masā ’il al-Khaṭṭāb b. Wasīm [81/1014] [154/994] [al-Masā’il-‘ishrūn fi’l-ḥaqā’iq] [162/896] Masā’il Jābir ilā Mawlā-nā al-Ṣādiq [155/1033] Masā’il al-Nu ‘mān [154/994] Masā’il al-rāhib wa’l-rahbān [159/999] Masā’il sa’ala ‘an-hā al-Amīr Abū Ḥamīd b. al-Muẓaffar b. ‘Alī [li] al-Mu’ayyad [162/896] Maw‘iẓa ḥasana min kalām Zayn al-‘ābidīn [157/1038] al-Mawā‘iẓ wa‘l-i‘tibār fī dhikr al-khiṭaṭ wa’l-athār, al-juz’al-awwal (or al-Khiṭaṭ al-maqriziyya) [183/907] Maẓāhir al-nufūs fī rusūm rumūz zaman al-juz’ wa fi’l-ṭarīq bi-qadr ilhām al-mun ‘im wa rusūm ba‘ḍ al-‘ilal al-ma‘nawiyya bi-mā dhāt Allāh wa rasūli-hi [172/997] Mimmā qāla-hu al-dā‘ī … Sayyid-nā Abū Muḥammad Ṭāhir Sayf al-Dīn [178/877] Minhāj al-farā’iḍ [82/889] Min al-ṣaḥīfa al-ḥusayniyya [185/888] Mithāq al-nisā’ [169/993] Mudḥiḍat al-buhtān wa mūḍiḥat ḥaqq al-ḥujja fī ṣiyām shahr Ramaḍān [38/943] Mukhtalaf al-shī‘a fī aḥkām al-sharī‘a [182/432] Mukhtaṣar al-āthār (or Kitāb al-ikhtiṣār li-ṣaḥīḥ ‘an al-a ’imma al-aṭhār or Ikhtiṣār al-āthār) [8/906] [146/861]; (al-niṣf al-awwal) [83/901] [84/936] Mukhtaṣar fī ‘aqā’id al-thalāth wa’l-sab‘īn firqa, see Kitāb al-tawārīkh wa’l-milal Mukhtaṣar al-uṣūl [125/916] [126/878] Mukhtaṣara min fuṣūl bayt al-da‘wa jama‘a-hā al-shaykh Abi‘l-Fawāris [160/1039] Munājāt li-Sayyid-nā al-Mu’ayyad [168/887] [174/883] al-Munājāt walī al-ḥaqq [169/993] Munīrat al-baṣā’ir [ 115/918] Muṣannaf al-wazīr P.7 Nahj al-balāgha [19/1023] [21/1024] al-Narjisa al-‘anbariyya [187/906] Nasab al-a ’imma al-aṭhār [175/1030] Nuskhat sijill wa radd ‘alā Hārūn b. Muḥammad [164/962] [173/970] Prayers[154/994] [159/999] [168/887] [174/883] Qaḍm [187/906] [Qaṣā’id] [154/994] [155/1033] [156/1018] [157/1038] [159/999] [160/1039] [170/1036] [171/1017] [172/997] Qaṣīd fī sharḥ al-madīna [ 154/994] Qaṣīd min al-‘Awnī[ 154/994] Qaṣīd min al-Ḥājj Khiḍr [171/1017] Qaṣīd min kalām Amīr al-mu ’minīn ‘Alī [176/1031] Qaṣīd min kalām Ḥasan b. Aḥmad b. ‘Alī al-Mu ‘addil [159/999] [171/1017] Qaṣīd min kalām Salmān al-Fārisī [176/1031] Qaṣīd min al-shaykh al-akbar [171/1017] Qaṣīd min Shaykh Muḥammad [176/1031] Qaṣīd min Shihāb al-Dīn [171/1017]

Qaṣīd min al-Ṣūfī‘l-Baghdādī [154/994] Qaṣīd mukhammas [157/1038] Qaṣīd mukhammas fī madḥ al-Imām [157/1038] Qaṣīd tahdīb al-nafs [170/1036] al-Qaṣīda al-Ḥimyariyya [19/1023] Qaṣīda mīmiyya [154/994] [157/1038] al-Qaṣīda al-mukhtāra, see al-Urjūza al-mukhtāra al-Qaṣīda al-muntakhaba, see al-Urjūza al-muntakhaba Qaṣīda mujarwaiyya [139/998] Qaṣīda al-najafīyya (sic) fī madḥ Amīr al-Mu’minīn [157/1038] [172/997] al-Qaṣīda al-tis‘ūniyya [14/938] [120/975] Qaṣīdat al-Muqrī [17/869] Qaṣīdat al-nafs [ 127/875] Qaṣīdat al-tā’iyyāt [155/1033] [159/999] [170/1036] al-Qism al-thālith fi maẓhar sharā’i‘ al-ḥaqā’iq [172/997] Rāḥat al-‘aql p.35 (al-niṣf al-thānī: sūr 7) [60/989] Rasā’il Ikhwān al-Ṣafā’ wa khullān al-wafā’ p. 28 [14/938] [25/917] [26/1035] [29/937] [44/1040] [115/918] [127/875] [135/924] Selections and extracts [45/927] [155/1033] al-Risāla al-jāmi‘a (al-niṣf al-awwal) [46/992] [47/1004]; (al-niṣf al-thānī) [48/1009] Risālat jāmi‘at al-jāmi‘a [49/1000] [50/914] Risālat majmū‘a min rasā’il Ikhwān al-Ṣafā’see Risāla jāmi‘at al-jāmi‘a Risāla (al-Ḥārithī) [29/937] Risāla [157/1038] Risāla [172/997] Risālat al-basmala fī ma‘rifat al-tis‘at ‘ashar al-mufaṣṣala [33/867] [177/899] Risālat al-bayān li-mā wajab fī ma‘nā niṣf shahr rajab (or R. al-bayān li-mā wajab min ma‘rifat al-ṣalāt, or R. … fī ta’wīl shahr rajab) [39/909] al-Risāla al-durriya fīma‘na al-tawḥīd wa’l-muwaḥḥid wa’l-muwaḥḥad [65/1032] [66/958] Risālat al-fā‘il wa’l-maf‘ūl fi’l-ḥaqīqa [96/939] Risāla fī’l-baḥth [33/867] Risāla fī bayān i’jāz al-Qur’ān [33/867] Risāla fī’l-imāma [33/867] Risāla fī ma‘rifat al-mawjūdāt [29/937] Risāla fī’l-radd [29/937] Risāla fi’l-ṣanā’i‘ al-mu‘allamiyya kammiyyat al-‘ulūm [154/994] al-Risāla al-ḥātimiyya fi’l-radd ‘alā ba‘ḍ al-māriqīn [35/886] al-Risāla al-ḥāwiyya fi’l-layl wa’l-nahār [65/1032] [66/958] Risālat al-īḍāḥ [157/1038] Risālat al-iḥsān fi khalq al-insān p.3 Risāla ilā jamā‘at ahl al-Rayy [17/869] [33/867] Risālat al-istibṣār wa’l-iqlā‘ ‘an al-aḥrār wa’l-i‘tirāf bi’l-dhunūb [157/1038] Risāla [isti‘qād al-ismā‘īliyya] [159/999] Risālat al-jawharayn [29/937] al-Risāla al-kāfiya fi’l-radd ‘alā al-Hārūnī al-Ḥusaynī [65/1032] [66/958] al-Risāla al-kāmila fī ma‘nā al-thalāth al-layālī al-fāḍila [158/955]

Risāla khazā’in al-adilla [65/1032] [66/958] Risālat al-lā’iḥa [33/867] al-Risāla al-lāzima fī ṣawm shahr ramaḍān wa ḥīni-hi [65/1032] [66/958] Risāla li-ba ‘ḍ ḥudūd al-dīn [147/941] Risālat al-ma‘ād [36/910] Risālat mabāsim al-bishārāt bi’l-imām al-Ḥākim bi-Amr Allāh [65/1032] [66/958] Risālat al-mabāḥith [29/937] Risālat al-mabāḥith al-tis‘a [29/937] Risālat al-mabda’ wa’l-ma‘ād [132/965] [133/968] [134/879] Risālat maḥajjat al-irshād [33/867] Risāla majmū‘a min zubd Ikhwān al-Ṣafā’ [155/1033] Risāla [ma‘rīfat al-nafs al-nāṭiqa] [156/1018] [170/1036] Risālat al-maṭbakh [29/937] Risāla min kalām Abā (sic) Ja‘far Muḥammad [160/1039] [175/1030] Risāla min kalām Salmān al-Fārisī … ‘an Rasūl Allāh [154/994] [176/1031] al-Risāla al-mudhhiba [176/1031] al-Risāla al-muḍī’a fi’l-amr wa’l-āmir wa’l-ma’mūr [65/1032] [66/958] al-Risāla al-mufīda fī sharḥ mulghaz al-qaṣīda li-Abī ‘Alī Sīnā’ [127/875] Risālat al-mūjaza al-kāfīya [14/938] Risālat mulḥiqat al-adhhān [29/937] al-Risāla al-munīra [17/869] al-Risāla al-mūqiẓa [167/969] Risālat al-nuẓum fī muqābalat al-‘awālim ba‘ḍi-hā ba‘ḍ bi-mā fī-hā min al-mawjūdāt [65/1032] [66/958] Risālat niẓām al-wujūd [17/869] al-Risāla al-raḍiyya fī jawāb man yaqūlu bi-qidam al-jawhar wa ḥudūth al-ṣūra [65/1032] [66/958] al-Risāla al-rawḍa fi’l-azal wa’l-azalī wa’l-azaliyya [65/1032] [66/958] Risālat tarkīb al-jasad [29/937] Risālat tuḥfat al-murtād wa ghuṣṣat al-aḍdād [129/949] [147/941] Risālat tuḥfat al-ṭālib [29/937] [al-Risāla] al-‘Uthmāniyya [56/866] al-Risāla al-waḍī’a fī ma‘ālim al-dīn wa uṣūli-hi [61/947] [62/864] al-Risāla al-waḥīda fī tathbīt arkān al-‘aqīda [135/924] [136/978] [137/971] [138/964] al-Risāla al-wā‘iẓa ‘an masā’il al-māriq min al-dīn Ḥasan al-Farghānīal-Ajda‘[65/1032] [66/958] al-Risāla al-zāhira fī jawāb masā’il wa al-naẓ fī abwāb al-rasā’il [65/1032] [66/958] Riwāya ‘an Jābir b. ‘Abd Allāh al-Kūfī [156/1018] Riwāya ‘an Muḥyi’l-Dīn [b.] al-‘Arabi [160/1039] al-Rushd wa’l-hidāya [al-Risāla al-mawsūma bi] [169/993] al-Ṣaḥīfa al-ḥusayniyya [185/888] Sarā’ir al-nuṭaqā [51/84] Shajarat al-yaqīn [1/920] Sharḥ al-akhbār fī faḍā’il al-a’imma al-aṭhār; (al-juz’ al-rābī‘) [85/873]; (al-juz’ 7–16) [86/942] Sharḥ al-khuṭab al-latī li’l-Amīr al-mu’minīn (or Kitāb al-tawḥīd, or al-Tawḥīd wa’l-Imāma min kkuṭab Amīr al-mu’minīn) [87/905] Sharḥ irshād [Al-adhhān ilā aḥkām al-īmān] [179/790] Sharḥ al-ishārāt [186/903] al-Shawāhid wa’l-bayān [29/937] Simṭ al-ḥaqā’iq [5/885] [6/966] [7/974] [167/969]

Sīrat al-ḥājib Ja ‘far b. ‘Alī wa khurūj al-Mahdī min Salamiyya wa wuṣūli-hi ilā Sijilmāsa wa khurūji-hi min-ha ilā Raqqāda [161/990] [165/954] Sīrat al-Mu’ayyad fī’l-Dīn (or Sīrat Sayyid-nā al-Mu’ayyad fī’l-Dīn) [110/981] [111/929] Siyāḥkat al-Sulṭān Ibrāhīm al-Khurāsāni [154/994] Tafsīr al-khuṭba al-mu‘aẓẓama [176/1031] Tafsīr masā’il [157/1038] [160/1039] Takkallus al-insān min zalamāt al-dukhān [184/854] Tanbīh al-hādī wa’l-mustahdī [19/1023] [63/957] [64/1025] Tanbīḥ al-ghāfīlīn [25/917] al-Taqdīs du‘ā’ al-ṣādiqīn [169/993] Taqwīm al-aḥkām [149/862] Tarbiyyat al-mu’minīn bi-’l-tawfīq ‘alā ḥudūd bāṭin ‘ilm al-dīn, see Ta’wīl al-da‘ā’im; al-Ṭawāf al-awwal [174/883] Ta’wīl amthāl al-Qur’ān [177/899] Ta’wīl al-da‘ā’im (or Tarbiyyat al-mu’minīn bi-’l-tawfīq ‘alā ḥudūd bāṭin ‘ilm al-dīn) [36/910]; (al-jild al-awwal: juz’ 1–3) [89/991]; (al-jild al-awwal: juz ’ 4–6) [90/900] Ta’wīl manāsik al-ḥajj fi’l-bāṭin ilā bayt Allāh al-ḥarām wa ziyārat qabr al-Nabi [150/919] [151/1029] Thalātha ‘ashar risāla [65/1032] [66/958] al-Ṭibb al-rūḥānī [55/884] Tūḥfat al-Qulūb [14/938] Unidentified texts [155/1033] [160/1039] [170/1036] [171/1017] Urjūza fī qadr al-ilhām wa’l-ifhām [171/1017] al-Urjūza al-mukhtāra (or al-Qaṣīda al-mukhtāra) [91/860] [92/904] al-Urjūza al-muntakhaba (or al-Qaṣīda al-muntakhaba) [93/1037]; (al-jild al-awwal) [94/897] Usbū‘ dawr al-satr [156/1018] ‘Uyūn al-akhbār wa funūn al-āthār fī dhīkr al-nabī al-muṣṭafā al-mukhtār wa waṣī-hi wa āli-hi [14/938] [21/1024] [22/1020]; (al-sub‘ althānī) [40/1021]; (al-sub‘ al-rābi‘) [41/1002] [42/995]; (al-sub‘ al-khāmis) [43/1005] Wafayāt al-a‘yān [43/1005] Wasīlat al-mu‘lam al-marfū‘a ilā sayyid walad Ādam, see Dīwān Sayyid-nā ‘Abd Allāh Waṣīyyat rasūl Allāh (or Waṣiyyat rasūl Allāh li-‘Alī, or Waṣiyyat al-nabī li’l-‘Ali) [152/892] [153/976] [163/912] Zahr al-ma‘ānī [2/944] Ziyāra sharīfa [174/883]

No. 1 Ḍiyā’ al-ḥulūm wa miṣbāḥ al-‘ulūm of ‘Alī b. Ḥanẓala (Cat. No. 4/967, p. 1)

No. 2 From volume 1 of Kitāb al-azhār by Ḥasan al-Bharūchī (al-Bharūjī) (Cat. No. 11/930, p. 170)

No. 3 Kanz al-walad of Ibrāhīm b. al-Ḥusayn al-Ḥāmidī (Cat. No. 26/1035, pp. 523-4)

No. 4 Kanz al-walad of Ibrāhīm b. al-Ḥusayn al-Ḥāmidī (Cat. No. 27/983, f. 78v)

No. 5 From volume 1 of Majmū‘ al-tarbiyya by Muḥammad al-Hārithī (Cat. No. 31/953, p. 269)

No. 6 From volume 2 of Majmū‘ al-tarbiyya by Muḥammad al-Ḥārithī (Cat. No. 33/867, f. 13v)

No. 7 From volume 1 of the Rasā’il Ikhwān al-Ṣafā’ (Cat. No. 44/1040, f. 1v)

No. 8 Kitāb al-maṣābīḥ fī ithbāt al-imāma of Ḥamīd al-Dīn al-Kirmānī (Cat. No. 57/982, pp. 156-7)

No. 9 al-Majālis al-Mustanṣiriyya of Abu’l-Qāsim al-Malījī (Cat. No. 67/956, f. 116v)

No. 10 From volume 1 of Mukhtaṣar al-āthār by al-Qāḍī al-Nu‘mān (Cat. No. 84/936, f. 184v)

No. 11 From Volume 1 of Ta’wīl al-da ‘ā’im by al-Qāḍī al-Nu ‘mān (Cat. No. 90/900, pp.142-3)

No. 12 From al-Urjūza al-muntakhaba by al-Qāḍī al-Nu ‘mān (Cat. No. 93/1037, ff. 58v-59r)

No. 13 Lubb al-lubāb wa nūr al-albāb of ‘Abd-i ‘Alī b. Jīwābhā’ī Shāhjahānpūrī (Cat. No. 95/926, p. 312)

No. 14 From the first part of the Dīwān of al-Mu’ayyad fi’l-Dīn al-Shīrāzī (Cat. No. 99/977, p. 226)

No. 15 Kitāb al-iftikhār by Abū Ya‘qūb al-Sijistānī (Cat. No. 112/1003, p. 46)

No. 16 Ḍiyā’ al-albāb by ‘Alī b. Muḥammad b. al-Walīd (Cat. No. 122/972, f. 184v)

No. 17 Kitāb al-tawḥīd by Aḥmad b. Muḥammad al-Nīsābūrī (from a Collection) (Cat. No. 154/994, p. 1)

No. 18 Manāqib al-mawlā Rāshid al-Dīn attributed to Abū Firās al-Maynaqī (from a Collection) (Cat. No. 156/1018, ff. 222v-223r)

No. 19 Qaṣīda by an anonymous author (from a Collection) (Cat. 172/997, p. 62)

No. 20 Risālat al-basmala of ‘Alī b. al-Ḥusayn b. al-Walīd (from a Collection) (Cat. 177/899, p. 60)

No. 21 Kitāb al-tawārīkh wa’l-milal of al-Ghazālī (Cat. No. 181/843, f. 202r)