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Table of contents :
Chapter 1 You
What do you wish for?
Feeling life’s ups and downs
Waves of emotion
The power of positive thinking
A mood board of me!
Agreeing to disagree
Chapter 2 Community
What is a community?
How to be a great friend
One small step
Put a stop to bullying
Inspiring young people
Little community library
Get your voice heard
Chapter 3 Humanity
How to be an activist
Finding your cause
Stand up for your rights
What is discrimination?
Turn it up!
Protests from the past
How to go on a protest march
Spotting fake news
Chapter 4 Environment
How to be an environmental activist
A meaty problem
The plastic problem
Conservation success stories
Now it’s your turn
Find out more
Written by Keilly Swift Illustrated by Rhys Jefferys
Can I really change
Earth We all know that the Earth needs our help, whether it’s protecting animals or preventing pollution. Learn how to defend the Earth in Chapter 4: Environment
the world? Every one of us has the ability to make a change. Yes, the world is a very big place, and we can’t control a lot of what happens in it. If you start small, it is possible that one Activists use day your changes could influence leaflets and posters to spread a lot of people. But for now, just their message. remember that whoever you are, wherever you’re at, there’s a way to make a change anity m u H that is the right size for you. for r more fairness Working fo e of the most everyone is on do. s a person can g in th g n zi a am y azing ac tivist b Become an am r 3: Humanit y reading Chapte
Society Society is made up of all the people living in the world. What our society is like is decided by how everyone chooses to behave. We each have a responsibility to make our society a kind, supportive, and safe place to be.
Marches are a powerful way to protest.
Conservation Animals need to be protected from threats such as habitat loss and climate change. Helping animals survive is called wildlife conservation.
Being an activist means using your voice.
help Before yo o need thers, yo u Tr y s to help y u of ten om ou to st e self-ca rself. re re mind ngthen y tips ou a Chap nd body r in ter 1 : You
Your journey to making the world a better place starts at home, with your family. Teachers can help you with projects at school.
Comm unity Ever y one n e
like th e ey be ds to feel lon to ma ke you g. Work r scho neigh o b town ourhood, o l, a r to be bet ter plac e in Cha Comm pter 2: unit y
Contents Chapte r1 You
r2 e t p a h C un Com m
28–29 What is a community? 30–31 How to be a great friend
10–11 What do you wish for?
32–33 Celebrating heritage
34–35 One small step
16–17 Feeling life’s ups and downs
38–39 Put a stop to bullying
18–19 Waves of emotion
40–41 Inspiring young people
20–21 The power of positive thinking
42–43 Little community library
22–23 A mood board of me!
44–45 Get your voice heard
24–25 Agreeing to disagree
Author Keilly Swift Illustrator Rhys Jefferys Educational consultant Jenny Lane-Smith Senior Editor Satu Hämeenaho-Fox Senior Art Editor Fiona Macdonald Project Art Editor Emma Hobson Editorial Assistant Katie Lawrence
Producer, Pre-Production Sophie Chatellier Producer John Casey Jacket Co-ordinator Issy Walsh Jacket Designer Elle Ward Senior Picture Researcher Sumedha Chopra Managing Editors Laura Gilbert, Jonathan Melmoth Managing Art Editor Diane Peyton Jones Senior DTP Designer Neeraj Bhatia Creative Director Helen Senior Publishing Director Sarah Larter First published in Great Britain in 2020 by Dorling Kindersley Limited 80 Strand, London, WC2R 0RL
En vi ro n
Hu m a n i ty
48–49 How to be an activist
72–73 How to be an
50–51 Finding your cause
74–75 Animal activism
52–53 Poster power
76–77 A meaty problem
54–55 Stand up for your rights
78–79 Green living
56–57 What is discrimination?
80–81 Climate change
58–59 Turn it up!
82–83 Green heroes
60–61 My campaign
84–85 The plastic problem
62–63 Raising money
86–87 Conservation success stories
64–65 Protests from the past
88–89 Now it’s your turn
66–67 How to go on a protest march
90–91 Find out more
68–69 Spotting fake news
92–93 Glossary 94–95 Index 96
Text copyright © Keilly Swift 2020 Copyright in the layouts and design of the Work shall be vested in the Publisher. 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 001–316625–March/2020 All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in or introduced into a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form, or by any means (electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise), without the prior written permission of the copyright owner.
A CIP catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library. ISBN: 978-0-2414-1220-6 Printed and bound in China A WORLD OF IDEAS: SEE ALL THERE IS TO KNOW www.dk.com
Young people are more engaged with important issues than ever before. Children are taking an interest in the world around them, and inspiring young activists are leading the way to a brighter future. This book gives you the tools you need to help make the changes you want to see in the world.
Feeling good, believing in yourself, and taking care of your mind and body are really important. Making a positive difference in the world starts by looking af ter yourself and those around you. This chapter looks at how the power to make a better world begins inside YOU!
Wo pea rld I wa ce n
pe t to wh acefu live in e l a war re the world , or v re is iole no nce .
Equ alit f or a y My wis ll h reg to be is fo
re a t gen rdless reated ver yo n der o , ag f race fairly, e e, o , re r di ligio sab n ilit y , .
you wish for? If you could grant a wish for the world, what would it be? We can’t wave a magic wand, but we can all work towards a better world. Just use your imagination... 10
ur wish for th re y o e f u t u re…
e th nim at w al at e bec no m s and can m o om e e re spe ake x tin c t. cies
Sav a nim e My pro hop als e sur tec t a is th
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ns a e oc day thee n e b a Clepe thatcoenans woilsl ea
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he a worlodnsibifluitl t e ive in resp auti ers, v a S ve to l takes our beets, riv. n g lo ne re I’d er yo epin s, st s clea ev or ke ood che f s, w ea b ld fie and
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ev r so r exc e k o li he I’d h ot lated c ea iso
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all ho rig or t My e is b opp s for . g itie ur fut xcitin ssibil eople e of d po ng p an you
Fill up on healthy foods! Keep your body running well by aiming for seven portions of different-coloured fruit and veg every day. Don’t worry if you have the occasional day that’s less healthy – everyone does! It’s what you do most of the time that matters.
Sna ck o n berries
Take a d e ep brea th
Make a smoothie or add fruit to any dessert.
Practise mindfulness Focusing on what you can see, hear, smell, or taste in the present moment promotes calmness and wellbeing.
Relax your muscles from head to toe.
Self-care Before you can help others, you need to make sure you’re looking after yourself. Try some self-care tips to strengthen your mind and body.
ol o h c s e to l c cy r ko Cycling is better for the environment as well as being good exercise.
Get active Exercise strengthens your body, gives you energy, and makes you feel great! The trick is finding something you enjoy, whether it’s joining the football team, swimming laps, or walking with your family.
c Liste n t o calm ing musi
Get good sleep Getting enough quality sleep is vital for good health. Kids need around ten hours every night. A regular bedtime and winding down before you sleep can help to make sure you catch enough Zzzzzzs.
Avoid screens for at least an hour before bed.
Stroke a pe t’s fu r 13
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s pe ill op y r hy le la me ug h.
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Do a chore you e lik som t ’ n eone does
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e meon o s to ug up. h g n i a r hee er c f s Of eed n o wh
Make a ca ke f someo or n e’ s b irth day.
A s th k s ey om e a re on fe e h el ow in g.
for war d
Whe ask n you h h e sug ow the lp som ges y t tha can re eone o som u p t e “Pay one el they do ay you t, they m . s ing it fo e instea someth Why no ight r wa rd”. d? This ing kin t d is ca lled for
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A ng e r feel h can make o t an you d an d l ike yo shaky, u s hou t or c want to r y.
Em ot i on
When anticip ating something fu n, you might feel jit tery and your hea rt might beat fa st.
from y go … the aster co
Happ H ap p in e s s y from c an r conte a n ge nt W ha t make ment to jo s you y ha p p . y?
s are like a roll e
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Noticing the strength of your ul. f p l e h e b emotions can
r ou e y ear t k h ma Sc r can g andou n r a Fe athi ter. Y le o e b s r b e fa rem . rat ght t ore mi eat m sw
During the course of each day, you will probably feel a whole range of emotions. Learning to recognise your feelings is a useful skill. What emotions have you felt today?
an b e lings c Sad fee whelming. over me ight co t m y e h T igh ars, a t in with te p m or “a lu at ”. c hes t , o r h your t
Disgusted Disgust is often described as a sick feeling deep in your stomach.
When you fe el ashamed, yo u might look d own and your face may get red and feel hot.
high! r head u o y ld Ho o great t It feels omething es achiev ut to do. to you se
Som e t i m
m e y fe e l m a n Give a name to each emotion, even if it’s mild.
s a t on n c e. tio
Emotions can get stronger depending on the situation.
Intense emotions can sometimes feel overwhelming.
Strength of emotion Work out how strongly you feel an emotion by rating it on a scale of 1 to 10. Strong emotions can be hard to handle, but it’s okay to feel them.
Powerful emotions can feel like waves crashing over you. They often come with physical sensations, such as a fluttery stomach or tight chest. Finding the right strategies can help you ride the waves.
o t i on
Here are some of the ways you can give powerful feelings an outlet. Try a few different ones to learn what works best for you.
Try som e brea thi ng tec hn iqu es
ns int o a o i t o n ar m t proje ct e r ou
writing Exp n i ress y ourself
ng he th st rou or gh m
When you’re having a tough time, you can feel isolated. It can often help to connect with people who have had similar experiences.
li i Sa t
Try g oi
y ou trust
Liste n t o m
p hel ting Get
Talk t o someo ne
un r a
If you are struggling emotionally, speak to a trusted adult about whether you would benefit from seeing a counsellor.
d up I stan t I for wha . in believe
do I can g in anyth y m I put o. t mind
Ch oo s
s e s ra h p
t l a
re a t tha
ce I will fa rs. my fea
I ca chan n ge thin gs f the o bett r er.
The p ow
Repeat phrases that boost your self-esteem.
I ha v cour e age an conf d idenc e.
n o s per
Believing you have the power to do something makes all the difference.
Sometimes a goal seems too big or far away for you to succeed. Being positive makes a goal more likely to happen. Train your brain by repeating a positive phrase, known as an affirmation. 20
When you have doubts, give yourself a peptalk.
f o r e
tter e b t e g I ay. every d
I be lieve in goal my s an my d d ream s.
p o si
Remind yourself of what you want to achieve.
lenges l a h c My grow. e m p hel
a ti ons e
It’s o to m kay mist ake akes . Mo th er
re Te sa
I a lon e ca nn ot , ch a ng e th e world but I ca n cast a st on e a cross th e wa ters to cre a te m a ny ripples.
It is enough to do my best.
Not everything will go to plan, but keep thinking positively!
My vo i matt ce ers.
A mood board
A mood board is a collection of pictures, words and ideas with a theme. Try putting one together to reflect the different parts of you.
tivit y a e r c Your es of things e
Whether you use a pinboard or stick your items into a scrapbook, you can get as creative as you like with your mood-board display.
ic tur t mak Add p eated tha uld r co ec you’v roud. They rks, o you p ems, ar t w akes! c o y p z e a r b or c , s e m costu
Your pets a nd other favourite a nimals
Add photo s of your top five beloved pets, animals, or cute critters doin g funny thin gs!
Your hobbie s
Capture the ways you spend your fr ee time, whether it ’s d oing yoga, playing for a team, or going to a bo ok club.
Impor tant people in your life
Remind yourself of the people you care about with photos of parents, grandparents, and siblings (even if they annoy you sometimes!)
e! m e at you r u fut bout whicture try
to ught a ture? Pme andout r te er tho the fuears’ ti rite abyou’ve t e A l ou ev ike in en y er. W ings any ire People you adm
r, band, a particular singe Are you a fan of da Ad ? on spor tspers author, ac tivist, or one t ou e rit ac tion, or w photo of them in ing. rit w nd ha gorgeous of their quotes in
l t h y d rt ve ht be ive o f a let the t r, an u. a o o H , f l mig lf in urse now ope f ure y e t o e y rs fu lif uh you riting your at yo e for v w nd h a , w ou ha d u yo arne ce y le dvi a
e e r g dis a
When you respond, try saying thin gs like, ”That’s an interesting view, but here’s why I disagree… ”. If they try to interrupt, politely ask if they would mind letting you finish.
Say how you feel
’t talk g and don in y a s is n ir key e perso to what th our view. Repeat the n o ti n te . t a y Pay at they said h sh in with u w r r to o g m in e listen over th w you were o h s to ts poin
When you feel s trongly about something, it ca n be hard to hea r that someone dis agrees. Howeve r, it ’s impor tant to consider things from other points of v iew, even if you d on’t end up changing your mind.
You don’t have to end up agreeing. It’s hearing each other out and respecting another person’s opinion that leads to a kinder, more understanding world.
It’s not about winning or losing
feel to stay calm when you It can be a challenge you if ething. Take time out m so t ou ab ly te na io pass getting heated! feel the discussion is
st that Remember, it ’s ju the person t get angry with n’ o D . ith w e re disag insults. d never resort to him or herself, an
al Don’t get persoonenpoint of view you
Don’t put the other person down, or dismiss their views with negative comments. Try to underst and the reasons for the way they feel. It could be bec ause of particular experiences they’ve had.
y t i n u m m o C
Communities happen when people gather together. They can be built around the school you go to, the place you live, or something special you have in common with others. In this chapter, you’ll discover ways you can make the world better through amazing communities.
What is a
A community is a group you belong to, from the wider community you live in to smaller groups that have things in common.
club l o o h c s r e t Af to find a s It ’s great nd it y of frie ests. n u m m o c ter e your in who shar b is lu school c An af terto share a fun way ether it ’s wh hobbies, spor t. or drawing
Litterp Saturd ick ay Eve
r yone your ar who lives in ea is same c par t of the o See if y mmunit y. o uc comm unit y a an join c tivitie such a s, s li keep t t ter picking t he o in clea area you live n and pleasa nt.
Young carers club
Life can throw unex pected challenges at you. For example, young people who care for a relativ e of ten feel lonely and stre ssed out. Suppor t groups of people going through the same things can help.
ry o t s i h ing your d e r Sha g and expthloirf you haevoef
in yp ai Shar e (and f or tant t eople. r p p cultu is an im r many places t one) unit y fo ather a s make g r m com people ile othe ditions h e ra Som rship, w family t e. o of w to keep the hom sure going in
Making friends across generations helps create strong communities.
e Dare to bt differen of the
ll all fit in a e only We can’t th be you’re o likes y a M . e tim wh ou know ic, or person y , old mus and g in t c e ll club coin co n. Star t a who io h s fa y ers quirk t find oth you migh the only one of y’re think the too! their kind
Games club Tr y star ting a new ed community with a shar ess ac tivity. Organise a ch al su tournament, or a ca b. Snakes and Ladders clu
ds en fri lp He
appreciated Make people feel
Re spe ct
It’s nice to be part of a group, but check that no one’s feeling left out or ganged up on. You’ll make a bond with someone who will then be sure to look out for you, too.
ces en fer dif
Strong friendships help us through bad times, and make the good ones even better. Here’s a guide to the many ways that friends can be there for each other.
Take time to say thank you. Send a handwritten note or just have a chat.
ed lud inc
How to be a
d, ien d r F Mc Ro a ddy tes . u B Ma o w n 21 Palt
Celebrate the things that make your friend unique and special, from their culture and heritage to their hobbies and interests.
A tricky job takes far less time when it’s shared. Then there’s more time for playing.
Even t h have t e best of fr ien i m es the along y don’ ds p e t r fec tly tips to . Use t get g e h t ese y our fri back o e n n d t r s a h ck it beco ip mes st . You might ronge find r than ever. grown-up a f i th w gs n yo i l ur fee
re if fe ad
when you can
Fr ie nd sh ip
list en t
Whether it’s talking through a problem or just taking their mind off things by having fun, a good friend is there when times are tough.
er h ea t ch o
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Canals of Yo k Japan, 1922 ohama,
It’s a tradition Traditions, such as the special days you celebrate, often come from your family’s culture or faith. Your family may also have some unique traditions and rituals that you invented! Mexican Day-of-theDead sugar skull
The story of a place What’s the hidden history of where you live? Perhaps it has a surprising past, or is the site of an unsolved mystery. Your local librarian could help you find out.
Ce leb he rat rit in ag g e
H do erit w a an n t ge ce d co hro is so leb m ug m tra ra mu h g eth di te t ni en ing tio he tie er ns ir s. ati tha an he Peo on t’s d rita p s, i pa sh l n ar ge e sh famssed ed th ar m rou e a ilies em gh nd or ol ies d .
Food, glorious food
ec ffe Co
When you eat special food for a celebration or cook up an old family recipe, try imagining your ancestors enjoying the same feast.
i ly Fam
r ec i
Sound of history From Spanish flamenco guitar to Japanese taiko drumming, a country’s heritage lives on through its music and songs.
Unlocking history Ask older relatives about their history – they may be able to show you their photos. The past often holds dramatic stories, from love stories to journeys across the world.
7 201 gether, hat to
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If you are new to activism, try something small like writing a letter to a local official. You might persuade them to take action on air pollution or books for schools.
Every big movement started somewhere. A small step could inspire someone else to make a change. Who knows where that person will take your message?
“You are never too small to make a 34
nts March, e d n’s tu an
ta re e G h er a t t g h na t w las ted e n -i h te bou oug star n t i s a o s s edi ard an D . Shetenti ’ a w e t t S e m re 018, erg h tone don aw a G 2 b S ad dr e. In hun or y ts h to ang T a r j e n in g c h M ud est te st rot ima p cl to
e s nd e Wom Stonemnised ae. a l h k a Par ired by t Marjor yool org violenc n t h Insp ents a igh Sc inst gu d a H ag s t u g la s est u Do e prot hug
Following Greta’s lead, more than a million children across the world joined climate strikes on 20 September 2019.
...to fight f o
y a O thers m
#t r e
ange h rc
So to o c ia l m ad l. Yo ed ul t u ia to c o u c a n r un ld b an a s k e a p a c a t ow co r u s er un f t f o te d ul ry ou .
E ve h i s t r y g re o a s om r y b o o t p er s on e kh w kno i w w here. Y ad to s n a h s t e p e re o u n t a r t e y sw ill t a o u r s m ve r ke y a ou! ll
difference.” – Greta Thunberg 35
Volunteering A beach or park clean-up has huge benefits for you and your community. It’s an easy way to get dramatic results and it’s also a fun day out. See if there’s one going on near you, or ask an adult to help you organise one.
s ug f lit ter to b o r . ng it te iece addi blem p s ro er y e d i on p v E pp u t i dro poll t he
Pla p s ti r Li t ter oble c ba no ms to d – it t onl
w y ’s ca ildlife a da look nc s n . ge hok Anim ger pie t tan e o n als ce s o gled or fp las in tic .
Join a beach clean-up The problem of beach litter becomes easier to tackle when lots of volunteers come together at clean-up events. The difference it can make is staggering!
Good times Volunteering is a good way to get active, be outside, and make new friends. It is proven to make people feel happier.
hazards on a bea Avoid p by u n c a h e l c g th e orga n foll owin iser ’s sa fety a dvi ce.
is t a Wh ying? r u bull s behaviomeone
i It o ying hur t s ionally. l l u n o B t ed t r emo perso d n inte ically o ed at a race, s r phy be aim of thei und, o y ma cause ackgr her b e t b ion, t y, or o g i l re abili ce. dis if feren d
Put a stop to bullying re n ot al on a e. u yo
e ing bullie b e
Create a circle of trust Bullying can make someone feel lonely, anxious, and sad. Offering friendship and listening to them can make all the difference.
Cyberbullying is when someone sends insults, makes threats, or bothers others online. It can be anonymous, which means you can’t tell who is sending the messages.
easy to get It ’s sometimes ut ith a group, b swept along w er ev re no one tr y to make su t u won’t regre Yo feels bullied. . g ht thin doing the rig
y o u
e Bullying can take the form of physical hurt, including hitting or kicking, tripping people up, or stealing their belongings.
a r e
Bullying affects many people and has a big impact on their mental health. It can feel impossible to escape from bullying, but it can be done if we work together.
Stand up to bullying It’s important not to ignore bullying, but you should never put yourself in danger. The most powerful thing you can do is to speak up and report it.
Verbal Bullying can be done with words, which can range from teasing and name-calling to making threats.
t o sh are y yo a k o u tI ’s
lings abou t b u Social This type of bullying includes spreading rumours about someone or leaving them out of a group.
Never okay There are often reasons for bullying behaviour. Someone might be lashing out because they have a stressful home life, or have been bullied themselves. However, bullying should always be stopped.
1 0 er mb c e D e
h Hu g i man R
A ri ght e d “On ucat to e ch ion ild and one , one te
ache boo wor solu ld. Educ k can ch r, one p e t a the ion.” – M ation is nge th n UN e t You alala, a he only th A d ssem dressin g bly, 2013 .
Greta Thunberg Swedish climate activist Greta Thunberg has inspired school climate strikes across the world. She says having Asperger’s helps her to think differently.
Malala Yousafzai Malala is from Pakistan. She campaigns for education for all. She survived an attack by a gunman who was against girls going to school. She went on to become the youngest person to be awarded a Nobel Peace Prize.
Stop climate change
will “It is still not too late to ac t. It l take a far-reaching vision, it wil at g kin take courage.” Greta, spea 19. the European Parliament, 20
No matter how old you are, you can help to lead the way to a better world. Here are some young activists who have become known for speaking up for their causes and inspiring others to do the same.
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Millie Bobby Brown As a high profile actor, Millie is determined to put her fame to good use. The youngest ever UNICEF goodwill ambassador, she aims to shine a light on the rights of children across the world.
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Share the love A book can take you on a magical adventure or teach you a useful skill. Not everyone has books at home, but everyone can borrow from the library.
Little libraries don’t have to look like school libraries. You can decorate them however you want.
Shake it off People might take a book and not put one back. Try not to worry – not everyone will understand your library project, but you’re doing something great.
Put a clear sign somewhere on your library so people know they are allowed to take the books.
Spark a change Little libraries show that someone in the neighbourhood is working to build a better community. It may even inspire people to make cool things themselves.
Put your library somewhere that people can easily find it. You want plenty of people to share the books.
You’re in charge People will enjoy using a well-cared-for library. Check for any leaks in the roof. If any books get damp and mouldy, recycle them and replace with new, fresh reading material.
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Where can you make your voice heard? A debating club, or giving a presentation in class, are good ways to practise public speaking.
To write a great speech, focus on two or three main points, grab attention with powerful facts, and use a style you’re comfortable with speaking aloud.
Speaking with confidence Practise in front of friends, or video yourself to see what works. Look up at your audience and speak clearly. Breathe deeply to calm any nerves.
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You don’t need to launch a formal campaign to start getting your message out there. Voice your opinion and try to make an impact.
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“I bel ieve we are here on the pla net Ea rth to live, grow up an d do wh at we can to ma ke this world a bet ter pla ce for all people to enj oy fre ed om.” Rosa Pa rks, US civil rights act ivist (1913—2005)
ants w o h w meone o ake s m u o o t y s e y r a A n for w g i a p m place? to ca r e t t e b ld a tar ted. s the wor t e g o ow t Here’s h 49
A. B. C. D.
The age of the dinosaurs The time of the very first human beings The ancient Egyptians The moon landings
If you could go back in time, which period would you visit?
There are so many good causes out there, it’s difficult to know where to start! This quiz will help you find the issue closest to your heart.
A. B. C. D.
A. B. C. D.
A. B. C. D.
A puppy A picture of you and a friend A sports hero A photo of the Earth from space
A. B. C. D.
A horse A dog A cactus I prefer animals to live in the wild
What is your dream pet?
A. B. C. D.
Going vegetarian Putting their rubbish in the bin Helping homeless people and refugees Stop using plastic
If you could get everyone to make only ONE change for a better world, what would it be?
Eating meat and fish Being driven to school The latest cool trainers Flying on a plane to exciting holiday destinations
A vet A teacher or doctor An author or an artist A scientist
What do you dream of being when you grow up?
Which of these things would you be most willing to give up?
If you could put one picture on your wall, what would it be?
You’re passionate about animals of all kinds, from anteaters to zebras, which means you’d make a brilliant animal rights activist.
A. Hologram pets so you could keep a tiger in your room B. Teleportation so you could visit anyone you like in a split second C. A backpack with infinite capacity to carry all your stuff D. Hoverboards or broomsticks so you could fly
If scientists could invent just ONE of these inventions, which one should it be?
You’re sociable, curious, and always finding ways to make the place you live in better for everyone. You’d be an amazing community activist.
Science Art History Geography
You care deeply about big issues affecting humanity and would be a fabulous human rights activist.
A. B. C. D.
What’s your favourite subject at school?
The right to play The right to an opinion The right to choose your friends The right to healthy food and clean water
A. B. C. D.
Which of these human rights is the most important to you?
You understand the importance of protecting our planet and tackling climate change. You would make a great environmental activist.
A. Seeing the wildlife in Serengeti National Park B. A week in a bustling city such as New York or Singapore C. Making friends somewhere new to you D. A sustainable tourism trip to the Great Barrier Reef
What is your dream holiday?
Stick to bo ld colours an d large tex t. use
Well-worded flyers, brilliant banners, and punchy posters can be powerful tools in getting your message across. Use these top tips to create your own unique campaign materials.
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A poster is designed to be hung up so mewhere it will be seen. It is u sed to tell p eo about an is sue or a pla ple nned event, so it ’s impor tan t to ensure all th e relevant d etails are on there , such as th e time and place o f your even t.
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If you care ab o u t o u r planet and you’re worr ied about the plas tic clo gging up the oce ans, join o ur protes t to d e man d a n end to sing le-use plas tic.
Stand up for your rights
In 1989, an international agreement set out the rights of every child in the world, no matter who they are or where they are born.
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Bring out your best The Rights of the Child treaty includes a section encouraging children to develop their talents and abilities, respect others, and protect the environment.
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What is discrimination? Discrimination is when someone is treated unfairly because of who they are. This might mean their race, religion, gender, gender identity, age, sexual orientation, disability, physical difference, or any other characteristic.
Spotting it Discrimination can be obviously nasty behaviour, or a more subtle way of treating people differently.
Why does discrimination happen? People discriminate against others, sometimes without realising, to put them down and make themselves feel better. It can be a type of bullying.
s i t a Wh someone t a e r t ght to i r e ation can s th n i a m i h r c dy . Dis y o l r i b a or tant to nf p u m i No s r ’ t so i ly o , s d m a eb y for s n l a e em k a t
Less = more A world without discrimination means less hatred and more happiness, less intolerance and more inclusivity, less unfairness and more equality!
Stereotypes Stereotypes are broad, general ideas that a group of people are all the same. For example, “all teenagers are lazy”.
A prejudice is a negative, fixed idea about someone that’s not based on facts. An example of prejudice is thinking someone of a different race is inferior.
Lack of understanding When people aren’t encouraged to appreciate diversity, they might fear people who are different from themselves.
Without realising it, people make assumptions based on stereotypes. They might not want to trust a teenager with something important if they think they are all lazy.
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Some disabled people are prevented from participating equally. For example, a wheelchair user cannot use steps to access a building.
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Turn it up! As well as expressing emotions, music has the power to reflect issues in society and spread a message. These are just some of the musical artists who have called for change throughout history. 58
Afghan “ra ptivis t” Alizadeh’s music tack the topic o les f forced m which she a rr ia g e, herself fou ght to esc She won in ape. ternationa l acclaim w her song ”B ith rides for S ale” in 201 4.
Soul singer and activis t Sam Cooke’s 1964 song “A Change is Gonna Come ” captured the struggle to end racial discrimination in 1960s America.
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A great way to help a charity or cause is to raise funds for them. Whether they’re providing aid after a natural disaster or buying equipment for a hospital, charities are always in need of support.
You’ll be surprised at how much you can save just by collecting coins in a jar or money box. Try putting in any small change you get in shops, or saving a little of your pocket money.
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Emmeline Pankhurst The Suffragettes broke laws as a type of protest. They damaged property and went on marches until women in Britain were given the right to vote. Some of them were sent to prison.
Start with yours elf Before you critici se other people, lo ok at your own ac tions. It ca n be tough to make sa crifices for what you bel ieve in, but it ’s worth it.
Mahatma Gandhi Gandhi was a master of peaceful protests. In 1930 he went on a very long march across India, which attracted worldwide attention. Gandhi eventually helped India to gain independence from Britain.
You are the latest in a long line of amazing activists who have used the power of protest. Here are some smart ways to make a change from famous figures of the past.
When it com es to making change, noth a ing is more im portant than imagina tion. Before yo u can make a real c hange, dream a bout how a better world could b e.
Dr Martin Luther King Jr. Dr King was a powerful speech-maker. He used the magic of words to help people see how the world would be better without racist laws and attitudes.
Sports protests Black Power salute At the 1968 Olympics, African-American athletes Tommie Smith and John Carlos each raised a black-gloved fist to protes t against racism.
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Taking the knee
In 2016 American football players including Colin Ka epernick (centre ) went down on on e knee during the US national an them, to protest against racism in the US police forc e.
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a protest march One way to show people power is to join a protest march for your cause. Marches get an issue noticed, which helps to change laws and shape history. 66
Make som e Cheer for noise! speakers, any low a whistleb start a ch , or ant.
Make a big, bold sign with your message.
Remem you co ber, for on uld join of the ly part march . Enjoy t h e atmos phere!
If you’re feeling worried Large crowds can be overwhelming. Being prepared will help you to stay calm and safe. Have a plan for what to do if you get separated.
Check the schedule and the planned route before the march. This is often published on a website or in the local press.
Tell your group if you need to stop for a break.
Carry contact numbers for everyone in your group.
Arrange exactly where you will meet at the start and end.
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“Fake news” means stories that have been made up or exaggerated to influence people. It’s trickier than ever to work out which stories you can trust, as so much information is available. Here are a few common signs to look out for.
Ask yourself if the news source is well-known, reliable, and if the article was written by a proper journalist. Does this website look like a good place to find news?
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Try reading about the same event from a few different news sources to get a balanced picture.
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”Fact-checking” means making sure a fact is true by consulting reliable sources, such as people who saw something happen. YouTubers aren’t under pressure to fact-check – they can say anything! YouTube can be amazing, but remember to make up your own mind about things.
o r n i m v n e E nt
Protec ting the environment is vitally important for the future of our planet. This chapter explores how you can be part of making a better world for all life on Earth, from protec ting animals . to slowing down climate change
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As they can’t speak up for themselves, animals need us to use our voices for them. We can help protect animals by making good choices.
Animal testing Make sure that the products you buy are cruelty-free. Testing beauty products on animals is illegal in many countries, but not everywhere.
You can create a sanctuary for wildlife no matter how small your space. Plant a mix of flowers and plants that will attrac t birds, butterflies, and bees.
Enjoy getting out into nature, but take care not to disrupt any creature s living there, including when you go on holiday.
Be the best pet owner
Protect habitats Oil palms, which produce palm oil, are grown on huge plantations. Rainforest is cleared to make space for them, leaving orangutans with nowhere to live. So, try to choose products without palm oil.
Before getting a pet, it’s important to research everything they will need. You need to be sure you can give your pet a happy, healthy life.
ally Animals farmed organic have more space, r natural food, and highe standards of welfare. and Choose organic meat eggs where possible.
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A huge number of animals are raised for food. This is damaging the environment and contributes to climate change. Swapping meat for vegetables is a big way to make a difference, whether it’s going vegetarian on certain days, or giving up animal products altogether.
Buuurrp! Most meth ane from c ow comes fro m burps. M s ore than a billi on cow bu rps happen ev ery 90 sec onds!
Too many cows Cows provide us with beef, milk, cheese, and materials such as leather. Their poo can even be used as garden fertiliser. There is such high demand for these things that huge areas of rainforest have been cleared to raise cattle.
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Farming animals for food uses much more energy and water than growing vegetables or grains. Meat production uses a lot of land, but provides only 18 per cent of the energy people get from food. Non-meat foods usually do less damage to the environment.
Nuts Growing nuts creates only 1 per cent of the greenhouse gases as the same amount of beef.
Farmed fish Farming fish such as salmon creates only 17 per cent of beef’s greenhouse gases.
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Lentils have a similar impact to nuts and are a protein-packed alternative to meat.
Eat the rainbow Did you know that different-coloured plants provide us with different vitamins? Try eating as many colours as you can!
Veganism Vegans avoid food that comes from animals, including meat, milk, and eggs.
More than half of the world’s population now lives in cities, and that number is growing. Whether you live in a city, a smaller town, or somewhere more rural, it is vital to make sure that where you live is as eco-friendly and healthy as it can be.
A “green roof” that’s covered in plants improves air quality and is a haven for wildlife.
From the top down Some tall buildings house bees on the roof!
Well-designed, green buildings and neighbourhoods are proven to make people happier.
Bird boxes and feeders help birds to survive. Their songs bring nature into the city.
Solar panels provide renewable, pollution-free energy for homes.
Providing safe cycling lanes means more people will choose to travel by bike.
LOW EMISSION ZONE
Restricting the use of polluting vehicles makes the air cleaner. Breathing in good quality air is great for our health.
Pet owners are more likely to talk to their neighbours. Chatting to other people builds a community.
Energy-saving street lights switch on only when someone is passing.
Green buildings have lots of natural light. They are also energy-efficient, staying cool in summer and warm in winter.
Home sweet home
Trees produce oxygen, absorb pollution, shelter wildlife, and look beautiful.
Clean air makes it much nicer to get outside for some healthy exercise.
Flower and herb boxes brighten up grey urban streets.
Airplanes pump out around 2 per cent of global CO2 as they carry people and goods around the globe.
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You can save energy by turning off lights and elec tronics when you’re not using them, taking short showers instead of baths, and using less heating and air conditioning.
Walking shorter journeys instead of driving is an eco-friendly choice.
The temperature of our beautiful planet is rising to dangerous levels. We know that human activity is causing this. So, what can we do?
Foods grown in your home country have the lowest carbon footprint.
Repair torn clothes rather than throwing them away.
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A good way to ensure your food doesn’t have to travel far is to grow your own. You don’t need much space for a small fruit or vegetable patch.
Grow it yourself
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What is warm global Burni ing? ng fo ssil f ca
th Day r a E 22 A p
Every year on this date, people around the world celebrate the beauty and power of nature.
“The more clearly we can focus our at tention on the wonders and realities of the universe about us, the less taste we shall have for destruc tion.”
Rachel Carson Marine biologist Carson’s 1962 book Silent Spring showed the dangers of chemical pesticides, sparking the formation of the US Environmental Protection Agency.
Green Celeb rate o plane ur “ Th t
great e natural w est so orld i u s It is th rce of exc the iteme e sou much nt. r that m ce of so a kes wor th living life .”
Sir David Attenborough Through his incredible TV shows such as Blue Planet, Attenborough has inspired millions of people to take better care of nature.
Defending the land
Environmental activists raise awareness of the importance of protecting our planet. Just one person can make a big difference!
Chico Mendez Chico Mendez was a brave community organiser. He led a group of rubber plantation workers who joined together to protect the Brazilian rainfores t from defores tation.
Start a change
“You cannot pro tect the environment unle ss you empower people. You [mus t] help them understand that these resources are their own.”
hiva Vandana S up a programme that
st set planting This scienti rming and fa ic n a rg o better promotes s, which is p ro c f o e g . a wide ran ng just one than planti il so e th r fo
Julia Butterfly H ill
Wangari Maathai Maathai founded the Green Belt Movement, a campaign that helps Kenyan women to improve their lives by planting trees. They have planted more than 51 million so far!
To stop a loggin g company from cutting do wn trees in California, USA , Hill lived in a 1500 -year-old re dwood tree for more than tw o years.
So what’s the problem?
a s t ic o n d of p l
For over 100 years we have used plastic for everything from packing food to making furniture. Plastic stays in the environment for a very long time, so all this waste has created a big problem. 84
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Our oceans have become a dumping ground for the plastic we throw away. Plastic pollutes the water and harms sea creatures if they eat it.
m e l ob
Inspiring sisters The Bye Bye Plastic Bags campaign was set up by schoolgirls Melati and Isabel Wijsen from Bali, Indonesia. It led to single-use plastics being banned in Bali.
Choose produc t
en’t p s t ha t a r
ac k ag e
d in p l a s t i c .
What can we do? The choices we make every day can make a big difference. Try choosing plastic-free products, and recycle as much as possible. One person can’t solve the problem alone, but together we can do it!
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re thre a te ne d a s l a by hu nting, An im lluti on, a nd habit po a t l oss.
e su rva c t c sto es ion r ie s s Human activity has changed the face of the planet, leaving less space for wildlife. Conservationists are people who help protect animals and their habitats. They have helped some species come back from the brink of extinction.
Giant panda A crackdown on poaching (illegal hunting) and the creation of panda reserves in China have helped save the giant panda from extinction.
Tamarin Since conservation efforts began in the 1980s, golden lion tamarin numbers have increased from just 200 to more than 1,000.
Save the whales I Wha le
Kestrel The Mauritius kestrel lives only on the island of Mauritius, in the Indian Ocean. It became one of Earth’s rarest birds, but the species has now bounced back.
A huge campaign by members of the public led to a ban on hunting whales being introduced in most countries in 1986.
Parakeet The echo parakeet also lives only on Mauritius. At one point only 10–12 birds remained, but now there are over 500. Humpback whale Known for their complex songs, humpback whales were once nearly wiped out, with only 10,000 animals remaining. There are now 80,000.
How are people helping? Park rangers
Tortoise Nearly 2,000 rare giant Galapagos tortoises have been bred and released back into the wild.
Rangers working in nature reserves risk their lives to protect endangered species from poachers, who want to sell animal products such as ivory.
Indigenous people People with a strong connection to their land, such as the Sami reindeer herders of Lapland, help protect animal life. The Sami oppose mining that threatens important grazing land.
As you start on your journey to making the world a better place, don’t be afraid to fail. The important thing is to keep striving to make a difference. You are part of a generation with the power to change things. Your voice counts and the future is yours to shape.
Find out more So, how can you get involved? Here’s a list of organisations, websites, and campaigns to give you more information and ideas. Childnet
Friends of the Earth
Provides advice and information about how children can stay safe online.
A group of charities from all over the world, who work together to defend the environment and educate people about important environmental issues.
Teaches children how to remain calm and relaxed through yoga and mindfulness videos.
Friends of the Elderly
Do Something! Foodwise A campaign that teaches people about how the food they eat affects the environment, and gives tips on how they can reduce food waste.
The Fairtrade Foundation An organisation that works to make sure the farmers and workers who produce our food get paid fairly.
Fareshare A food waste charity that takes leftover food from businesses and distributes it to charities or people that need it.
Freecycle Encourages people to give away items they no longer need but that are too good to throw away, so they don’t end up in landfill sites.
Provides support for older people, particularly those affected by loneliness, by arranging regular visits from volunteers.
Greenpeace An organisation that works to make the world a greener and more peaceful place.
Keep America Beautiful A non-profit organisation that encourages communities to take action to improve their public spaces.
Kids Against Bullying A website that allows kids to share experiences about bullying, and learn about the topic in an interesting and interactive way.
Provides children and adults with advice about how to deal with and prevent bullying.
A charity that plants trees in Africa. It aims to improve the environment and teach the local people skills that will enable them to continue to protect and grow trees in the future.
Mind Supports people with mental health problems. Mind also campaigns to improve services and promote understanding about mental health.
Mindmate A website about young people’s mental health. It helps children to understand how they are feeling and allows them to find support.
Nourish Interactive A website with games, tools and tips on how to live and eat healthily.
Save the Children An organisation that works towards making the world a better and safer place for children. It focuses on ensuring that kids have an education and healthcare.
School Strike for Climate A movement of students, started by Greta Thunberg, who protest for action on climate change by refusing to go to school.
Sierra Club An environmental organisation that works to protect wild places and public land in the USA from deforestation and pollution.
Unicef Provides vulnerable children around the world with the education, healthcare, and protection they need and deserve.
United We Dream An immigrant youth-led community that creates welcoming spaces for all young people.
Vegetarian Society Inspires, educates, and supports people on how to be vegetarian. Provides a range of vegetarian recipes and advice to new vegetarians.
World Wildlife Fund A charity that works to protect animals and their homes from pollution, deforestation, and danger, such as poaching.
YoungMinds An organisation that fights to make sure that children and young people with mental health problems are cared for and supported.
Speaking out or acting on something you do not agree with in order for it to change
Protecting environments and plant and animal life
Person from whom someone is descended
Beliefs and way of life of a group of people, including their art, clothes, music, and food
To stop people from being allowed to do something
Cutting down trees and destroying forests
Area in which plants, animals, and people live
Behaviour intended to hurt someone physically or emotionally. It may be aimed at a person due to their race, religion, background, disability, or other difference
Treating a group of people unfairly because of their characteristics or beliefs, for example their race or religion
When a species or type of animal or plant dies out completely
Carrying out a series of actions in order to achieve a goal
charity Organisation that collects money and uses it to help people
climate change Change in temperature and weather across the Earth that can be natural or caused by human activity
donate To give something, usually money
eco-friendly Something that does not harm the environment
equality Same rights for everyone
endangered Rare animal or plant that could soon become extinct
energy-efficient Something that only uses the amount of energy needed, without waste
fossil fuels Fuels made from animals or plants that died millions of years ago – for example, coal. There are limited amounts of fossil fuels, and burning them harms the environment
global warming When average temperatures rise all around the world
greenhouse gases Gases in the Earth’s atmosphere that trap heat and warm the planet
Right that every person has
Group of people who originate in the same part of the world and share physical characteristics
Plastic that can only be used once before having to be thrown away
justice Fair behaviour or treatment
mindfulness Being aware of yourself in body and mind
movement Group of people who work together to change something and share their ideas
organisation Group of people who work to achieve a common goal
petition Document that lots of people can sign, asking an authority to do something about a particular cause
racism Behaving negatively towards other people because of their race
species Group of plants or animals that share similar features
To use something again or make it into something new
Broad, general idea that a group of people are all the same. For example, “all teenagers are lazy”
Area that protects wild animals from hunters, or that limits hunting by law
rights Freedoms that people are guaranteed by law, for example freedom of speech
When people protest by refusing to do something
tradition Something that has been done in the same way for a long time
pollution Something that harms the environment, for example by getting into the air, water, or soil
prejudice Having unfair, usually bad opinions about people, without good reason
protest Showing that you disagree with something by speaking out or fighting for it to change
activists 48–49, 72–75, 82–83 affirmations 20–21 age discrimination 56, 57 agreement 24–25 air, clean 79 air conditioning 80 airplanes 80 Alizadeh, Sonita 58 anger 16, 25 animal activism 74–75, 82 animal conservation 61, 84, 86–87 animal rights 51 animal testing 74 animals 22, 76–77, 78, 79, 82 art 18, 22 assumptions 57 atmosphere 81 Attenborough, Sir David 82
Baez, Joan 58 Bailer, Schuyler 41 banners 52–53 beach clean-ups 37 books 42–43 breathing techniques 18 Brown, Millie Bobby 41 buildings, eco-friendly 78–79 bullying 38–9, 56 Bye Bye Plastic Bags campaign 85
calmness 25 campaign materials 52–53 campaigns 48–49, 60–61, 72–73 carbon dioxide 80, 81 carbon footprint 80, 81 Carlos, John 65 Carson, Rachel 82 cattle 76–77 causes 50–51, 62–63 celebrations 32, 33 change, fighting for 34–35 channelling emotions 18–19 charities 62–63 child rights 54–55 Christou, Nikki 41 civil rights 49, 58, 59, 65 climate change 80–81 climate strike 35, 40 community 3, 28–29, 79 community activists 51 conservation 82, 84, 86–7 Cooke, Sam 59 cows 76–77 crops 83 culture 29, 32 cyberbullying 38
dairy products 76, 77 deforestation 75, 76, 83 Dias, Marley 61 diet, healthy 12 difference, response to 29, 30, 41, 57
disability 56 disagreements 24–25 discrimination 56–57 donations 63 doubts 20
Earth 2, 11, 70–87 Earth Day 82 eco-friendly living 72, 78–79, 80 education 40, 54 eggs 75, 77 embarrassment 17 emissions 79, 80 emotions 16–19 empowerment 83 energy 77 energy efficiency 79 energy saving 80 environment 2, 70–87 environmental activists 51, 72–73, 82–83 equality 10, 56, 59 excitement 16 exercise 13, 79 extinction 86
fake news 68–69 family history 33 farming 76–77, 83 feelings 16–19 flyers 52, 53 fossil fuels 81 freedom of speech 11 Freeman, Cathy 65 friendships 29, 30–31, 38, 55 fundraising 62–63
Gandhi, Mahatma 64 gender 56 global warming 81 goals 20–21, 60 Green Belt Movement 83 green living 78–79 greenhouse gases 76, 77, 81 groups 28–29, 48 gun violence 35
habitats 75, 86 happiness 16 headlines 69 health 12–13 heating 80 helping 31 heritage 32–33 Hill, Julia Butterfly 83 history 32–33 home-grown food 81 human rights 45, 51, 59 Human Rights Day 40 humpback whales 87 hunting 86, 87
inclusion 30 independence movements 64 indigenous people 87 information 48, 55, 68 insults 25 interruptions 24 journalism 68
Kaepernick, Colin 65 kindness 11, 14–15 King, Martin Luther Jr. 65 Lady Gaga 59 Lamar, Kendrick 58 lentils 77 libraries, little community 42–43 lights, energy-saving 79 Lincoln, Abraham 45 listening 24, 31 litter-picking 28, 36 logging 83
Maathai, Wangari 83 Mandela, Nelson 45 marches 66–67 marine life 84 Marley, Bob 59 Martinez, Xiuhtezcatl 73 meat 75, 76–77 Mendez, Chico 83 methane 76 mindfulness 12 money, raising 62–63 mood boards 22–23 Mother Teresa 21 movements 34–35, 73 music 19, 33, 58–59
natural light 79 nature reserves 87 Nobel Peace Prize 40 Ocasio-Cortez, Alexandria 34 oceans 11, 84–85 Olympic Games 65 opinions 49, 55 organic food 75, 83 oxygen 79
palm oil 75 Pankhurst, Emmeline 64 parakeets 87 park rangers 87 Parks, Rosa 49 paying it forward 15 peace 10 peaceful protests 64–65 pets 22, 75, 79 physical bullying 38 physical difference 41, 56 plants 78 plastic pollution 11, 36, 84–85 points of view 24–25 politicians 34 pollution 11, 36, 79, 84–85, 86 positive thinking 20–21 posters 52–53 prejudice 57 pride 17 privacy 54 protest marches 64, 66–67 protest songs 58, 59 public speaking 44–45
racial discrimination 56, 57, 59, 65 rainforests 75, 76, 83 recycling 63, 81, 85 religion 29, 32, 56 research 60 resources 83 respect 25, 30, 74 reusing 81 Rights of the Child Treaty 54–55 Roosevelt, Eleanor 45 rubber plantations 83
sadness 17 safety 54 Sami 87 school protests 35 self-care 3, 12–13 self-esteem 20 sexual orientation 56 Shiva, Vandana 83 showers 80 Simone, Nina 59 sleep 13 slogans 52 Smith, Tommie 65 social bullying 39 social justice 58 social media 35 society 2 solar panels 78 speech, freedom of 11 speeches 44–45 sponsored events 63 sports protests 65 stereotypes 57 street lights 79 Suffragettes 64 support 31 support groups 29 surprise 16
UN Youth Assembly 40 UNICEF 41 veganism 76, 77 vegetables 77, 81 vegetarianism 76 verbal bullying 39 vitamins 77 volunteering 36–37, 72
walking 80 waste reduction 81, 84–85 websites, reliable 68–69 Wijsen, Melati and Isabel 85 wild gardens 74 window boxes 79 Women’s March 2017 34 women’s rights 64 writing 18
young carers 29 Yousafzai, Malala 40 YouTube 69
talents 48 talking 19 testing, animal 74 themed events 63 Thunberg, Greta 35, 40 traditions 32 transgender people 41 tree-planting 72, 83 trees 7 trust 19, 38
Acknowledgements The author would like to thank First News and Nicky Cox MBE for their support. DK would like to thank the following: Lizzie Davey and Abigail Luscombe for additional editorial help, Jaileen Kaur for coordinating the hi-res images, Polly Goodman for proofreading, Helen Peters for the index, and Tony Stevens of Disability Rights UK and Sherese Jackson for their comments on the book. Quote attribution and references: pp34-35 Greta Thunberg: “You are never too small to make a difference.” Speaking at COP24 December 2019. pp40-41 Millie Bobby Brown:“I will speak out for millions of children and young people…” Speaking at a press conference on being announced as UNICEF’s youngest-ever goodwill ambassador on World Children’s day, November 2018. pp48-49 Rosa Parks: “I believe we are here on planet Earth to…” From Life Magazine, “The Meaning of Life” feature, December 1988. p61 “Save the porcupines!” text written using information from the WWF. pp72-73 Xiuhtezcatl Martinez: “My dad taught me…” From his interview with The Guardian, May 2018. pp82-83 Rachel Carson: “The more clearly we can focus our attention on the wonders and realities…” From her book, Silent Spring, 1962. Sir David Attenborough: “The natural world is the greatest source of excitement…” From the BBC website. Wangari Maathai: “You cannot protect the environment unless you empower people…” Said on her website “The Green Belt movement”. The publisher would like to thank the following for their kind permission to reproduce their photographs: (Key: a-above; b-below/bottom; c-centre; f-far; l-left; r-right; t-top) 6-7 naturepl.com: Guy Edwardes (Background). 8-9 Depositphotos Inc: Artkamalov (Background). 12 Dreamstime.com: Katarzyna Bialasiewicz (c). 13 Dorling Kindersley: Pedal Pedlar (ca). 14-15 Dreamstime.com: Tommason. 15 Dorling Kindersley: The Real Aeroplane Company (tr). 22 Dorling Kindersley: Steve Lyne (br). Fotolia: Eric Isselee (bl). 23 Alamy Stock Photo: FogStock (tr). Dorling Kindersley: ha London (tl). Rex by Shutterstock: Todd Williamson / January Images / Shutterstock (clb). 24-25 123RF.com: Vassiliy Prikhodko (Background). 26-27 Depositphotos Inc: Artkamalov (Background). 28 Dreamstime.com: Monkey Business Images (bc); Pressmaster (clb). 29 Alamy Stock Photo: BSIP SA (c). 32-33 Dreamstime.com: Dmitry Zimin (c). 32 Alamy Stock Photo: Age Fotostock (cla); Asia (tl). 33 Alamy Stock Photo: Age Fotostock (br). Dorling Kindersley: Frome & District Agricultural Society (tr); National Music Museum (cla). Dreamstime.com: Jill Battaglia (tc). 34 Alamy Stock Photo: JG Photography (ca); MediaPunch Inc (clb). Getty Images: Joe Raedle / Staff (tr). 35 Alamy Stock Photo: Daniel Bockwoldt / DPA (ca). Getty Images: NurPhoto (crb). 36 Alamy Stock Photo: ZUMA Press Inc. (cb). Dreamstime.com: Deyangeorgiev (cla); Anthony Aneese Totah Jr (br); Igor Zakharevich (bc, bl). 37 Alamy Stock Photo: Jeffrey Isaac Greenberg 3 (c); Paramvir Singh (Background). 40 Getty Images: John van Hasselt - Corbis (br); Fairfax Media (bl). 41 Getty Images: Emma McIntyre / KCA2018 (bl); The Washington Post (cr). Rex by Shutterstock: Ken McKay / ITV / Shutterstock (br). 42 Alamy Stock Photo: David Litschel (cr); Rosanne Tackaberry / Little Free Library® is a registered trademark of Little Free Library, LTD, a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization. (bl); Mark Summerfield (crb). 43 Alamy Stock Photo: Felix Choo / Little Free Library® is a registered trademark of Little Free Library, LTD, a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization. (bl); Mark Summerfield (cla); Jim West (tr); Philip Game (cr).
45 Alamy Stock Photo: RGB Ventures / SuperStock (br). Getty Images: Georges De Keerle (cr); Francis Miller / The LIFE Picture Collection (crb). 46-47 Depositphotos Inc: Artkamalov (Background). 53 Dreamstime. com: Betelgejze (t); Marish (b). 55 Dreamstime.com: Elnur (c); Wavebreakmedia Ltd. (bl). 56-57 Dreamstime.com: Mishoo (Background). 58 Alamy Stock Photo: ZUMA Press, Inc. (ca). Getty Images: Joe Raedle (cla); Randy Shropshire / WireImage (tr). 59 Alamy Stock Photo: Archive PL (ca). Getty Images: Lynn Goldsmith / Corbis Premium Historical (crb); Hulton Archive / Archive Photos (cl); Marina Bay Sands (cra). 61 Alamy Stock Photo: WENN Rights Ltd (cra). Dreamstime. com: Scol22 (tr, br/Frame). WWF-Turkey: Esra Turam, Education Programme Manager (br). 64 Getty Images: Bettmann (bl); Rühe / ullstein bild (bc). 65 Alamy Stock Photo: The History Collection (cra). Getty Images: Mike Powell (cr); Steve Schapiro (bl); San Jose Mercury News (br). 66-67 Getty Images: Saeed Khan / AFP (t). 68 Dreamstime. com: Alexlmx (tr); Paul Hakimata / Phakimata (bc); Vladimirs Prusakovs (bc/Chicken). Fotolia: Anatoliy Babiy / bloomua (b). 69 Dreamstime.com: Axstokes (br); Vladimirs Prusakovs (c/Chicken., br/Chicken); Natthawut Nungensanthia (clb/Chicken). NASA: (clb); NASA / JPL-Caltech / Space Science Institute (c). 70-71 Depositphotos Inc: Artkamalov (Background). 72-73 NASA: MSFC / Bill Cooke (Background); Ocean Biology Processing Group at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center (bc). 74 123RF.com: peterwaters (clb/Bee). Dreamstime.com: Alle (clb); Nilanjan Bhattacharya (br). Getty Images: Stockbyte / John Foxx (cla). 75 123RF. com: Sergey Mironov / supernam (br). Dreamstime.com: Eric Isselee (cla); Theo Malings (cra); Photka (bc). 76 Alamy Stock Photo: Jon Ongkiehong (c). 77 Alamy Stock Photo: Jon Ongkiehong (c). Dorling Kindersley: Geoff Dann / Cotswold Farm Park, Gloucestershire (t/cow and calf). Dreamstime.com: Mike_kiev (t/cow); Supertrooper (t). 78 Dorling Kindersley: Natural History Museum, London (ca/Box). Dreamstime.com: EmeraldUmbrellaStudio (ca); Mikael Damkier / Mikdam (cla). 78-79 Alamy Stock Photo: Kim Petersen (t). 82 Alamy Stock Photo: Jeff Gilbert (br). Getty Images: CBS (bl). 83 Getty Images: AFP Contributor (bl); Antonio Scorza (cra); Amanda Edwards (crb); Andrew Lichtenstein / Sygma (br). 84 123RF.com: Tatiana Popova / violin (cb/car); Aleksey Poprugin (crb, cb). 85 123RF.com: Aleksey Poprugin (clb, cb). Bye Bye Plastic Bags: Andrew Wyton / Zissou / Karen Hoogland (tr). Dreamstime.com: Indigolotos (cb/bottle); Alfio Scisetti / Scisettialfio (crb); Penchan Pumila / Gamjai (cl, bl). 86-87 Dreamstime.com: Paul Wolf / Paulwolf (c). 86 Dorling Kindersley: Andrew Beckett (Illustration Ltd) (br). Fotolia: Eric Isselee (crb). 87 123RF.com: Smileus (clb). Alamy Stock Photo: Nature Picture Library (tr); Xinhua (crb). Dreamstime.com: Erix2005 (bc). naturepl.com: Mark Carwardine (cra). 88-89 naturepl. com: Wild Wonders of Europe / Bartocha (Background). 89 Dorling Kindersley: Pedal Pedlar (bc). 92-93 Depositphotos Inc: Artkamalov (Background). 94-95 Depositphotos Inc: Artkamalov (Background). 96 Depositphotos Inc: Artkamalov (Background) All other images © Dorling Kindersley For further information see: www.dkimages.com