Historical Sketch of Bethlehem in Pennsylvania with some account of the Moravian Church

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HISTORICAL SKETCH

4^1

OP

BETHLEHEM IN

PENNSYLVANIA, With Some

Accotjkt of

the

Moravian Church,

BY

John Hill Martin, Of the Philadelphia Bar, A Member And

Moravian Historical Society." of the of the " IliatoiiCiU Society of Peuasylvania." '•'

PHILADELPHIA (Printed /or

By JOHN

L.

:

Orrin EogeRS,

PILE, at No. 422 ^A7alnut 1872.

V^5.

Street.

^'^frl

'\J

Wintered according to the Act of Congress, ly

John Hill Martin, In the

Office of the Clerk of the District

Court

of the United States in and for the

Eastern District of Pennsylvania, in the year 1869.

INTRODUCTION. Tcis work

is

not a

full history

the use of the traveller.

who

desire to

people

who

No one

can

It

;

and

its

institutions,

b^'

and

supply

it,

and of the

for

without desiring to

.1

simply an historical Sketi;h, for

want which

Town,

know more is

ist, i86g.

by

tliose

people

the character of the peculiar

of

it

founded in

it.

than can he derived

the object of this sketch.

historic

who became much

interested in the

Town,

mementoes.

JOHN PaiLADELPDii, March

is felt

amusement, but from the most authentic information

the Author; its

l)ut

dificrent Institutions they

render such information

was written entirely

that could be obtained

people,

Town

to

to

of the origin of the

and built

visit the

from mere enquiry

intended

It is

know something

first settled

of Bethlehem,

HILL

MARTIN.

its

;;

Table of Contents. Chatter

I.

Settlement of Bethlehem buUtUng of the first house origin of name of the town Riime account of the Moravian Church sketch of Count Zinzendorf and his family Anna Kitschmann, ;

;

;

;

-

5

David deSchweinits ;• the Old Indian Chapel the Unity, Doctrine and Missions of the Moravian Church a list of the Inhabithe Indian Troubles, tants of Bethlehem

12

Chapter

II.

of Zinzendorf, Louis

The descendants

;

;

;

Chapter

III.

People's House; the Indian AVars of 1755; Benjamin Franklin as a General his account of Bethlehem Penu's Walking Purchase the cause of the Indian Troubles; Longfellow's Burial of the Minisink,

The Married

;

;

19

Chapter IV. The

Old Mill, built in 1751, burned in 1SQ9; the Bethlehem Water Works; Revolutionary times of 177G; Washington and Bishop Ettwein; Pulaski's Banner; Longfellow's Poem Visit of Washington Lafayette Mrs. Keldesel's Account Mrs. Friday C(^tton the Fishery Manufacturers ; Main Road to Ohio ; the Stone ;

;

;

;

;

;

-

-

26

the Sun Hotel Marriages in Olden Times ; the Choirs Dr. .John Schopfs Account of his Visit a Sketch from the Boston Magazine of 1784 ; Extract from a Paper read before the Historical Society of Pennsylvania,

36

-

Ridge ; Views and Scenery,

-

Chatter V. The

"

Crown Inn

;"

;

;

;

Chapter VI. the Farmer.

Ludwig Hubner, JottL'ph

Lemmert,

Andreas Weber, Andreas Seifert, Christian Hoppner,

Jonh

Seiffert.

Richd. Poppelwell,

John Merck, Paul Schneider, Michel Odeuwuld, John Musch, Joseph Hopsch,

Joseph Hubsch, Aug. H. Francke, Carl Weineke, Martin us, Henrich Zillman, Jens Wittenbei'g, Peter J. Pell,

Jacob Schneider, Curtus Ziegler,

John Thomas, Clau Colin, Samuel Lauk, Jacob Meyer, John Kuccht, Lucas Fus, Loienz Nilson, Job. H. Herbst, Jacob Ernst,

John Klein,

Wm. Wm.

Okely,

Edwards,

Michel Ruch, John Jag, Jolin

R

»gors,

Abraham

Bless,

Caspsr Fischer,

Daniel Sydrich, Andreas Rillmann, Peter Drewfl, Paul lleunig,

JoSfph Giersch,

G. Wenzel Golkobsky, Christian Wedstadt,"

Jens Kolkier, Michel Muaster, Andreas Hotter,

Jacob llisder, Joseph Boelen. Joh. Andr. Borheck,

John Wurtele, Heiir. Qerbtherger,

Zach. Eckart,

Fredr. Ziegler, Jacob Schoen,

Christ, Steiiner,

Benjamin Brown,

John Heur. (Jrunewald,

Chrisiian Giersch,

Midchior Conrad, Abraham Uasselberg,

Uem'ich

Ih-nrich Schcen,

Hans

Wm.

Schemes.

Seidel,

Schmaling, Jac. Schmidt,

Christ. H. Lollier,

Ernst Mensinger, Casper Hellermann,

Nic.Matthiesen, Henrich. Lindemeyer, Joh. H. Richling, Philips Meyer,

Ellert Korts, Joh. Mich. Hippel, John Rothe, John B. Boenighaus,

J.ihanes Ortlicb,

John MuUer,

H.

Abraham Andres,

Michel Ruch,

Jolin Stadtner,

James

Jens Sherbeck, George Walter, Phil. Wesa. Marc. Kiefer, Edward Thorpe, Joseph Willis, Christ. H. Baremeyer, Samuel Saxon,

Henr. Ollringshaw, Jacob Frus. John Nic. FuDck, Gottfr. Schwarz,

P. Christian Stauber,

Samuel Johannes, Peter Jurgensen,

Staal,

Lorenz Bage, George Iluber, Joh. Mich. Bizin inn Job. G. J^tarck, Martin Scbenck, Joh. G. Green, Kic. H. Eberharti,

HISTOKICAL SKETCH OF

16

Adam Weidel,

Peter Wurbas,

Dorflfer,

Ilt'iTinanu,

,Ini'..b

Henr. Strauss, Stephen Nicholaus,

AdiiMi Knfflt-r, Pliil. II.

Uiug,

Jiic.ib Heidt^cker,

Uavid Kimtz,

Adam Van

Ji.lm Hirst,

Joseph Bulitscbek, Balthasar Hege, Jacob Prising,

Society intended for the Furtherance of the

Ilenr. Sproge, Cbr. Mattiiiesen,

Gospel, as well

Abraham

Steiuer, Martin Hirte,

Martin Fryhube, Andreas Brocktsh,

tians.

Franz Clir.Diemer, Theobald Kornman,

Carl Jac. Dreyspring,

Joliaiiues Sell, ffler, Jnb. II. Leiizner, Juhu Lisher.

Brethren and Sisters are actually employed

Nic. Anapacli.

Christian Pleiffer,

Christian Schmidt, George Lash, Wic. Fleissner,

Jacob Lung,

for that

Fr. Pfeil.

Matlieus Kremser, Ji)li. Q. Masner, rr. ToHner, Ludw. Dehne, Marc. Kalfs,

S imuel Wutlie, AuiireaaGros.

on the Continent of America, as Pensilvania, New England, Barbice, Stiriname, &c., but

Cliristoph Bambey, Cliristoph Schmid,

John

Peter Wenzzl,

Melebior Munster, Melch. Rasp, Johannes Kanke,

Martin Heckedorn. Adam Wap;cuseU,

Joli.

.1..U. (j.

J.fh.

iJitterlich,

H. Merck,

.lob.

Dan.

Juhn

Merkly, lleur.Feldbausen. Kvich lugergretsen,

Ciiristiau

Nagi'l, Ilnfinaii,

(ieoige lliilder, Jacob Kap|>. Abraham Strauss, fieorge Oieplert, "VVm. An^;.!, Lmtwig Chr. Bachuff, Miclirl Siiut.-r, Hans Petersen, Cottliel) FoL-kel,

Margaretha

Adam Kramer,

V\

Van

der Merk, Joseph Muller.

Henrietta I'eterman,

Martha Mans. Bur.siler,

Anna Vander

Inclians.

/

Mar,

Elis,

Minier,

Ana

Merz,

Cathariua Biez, A. Mar. SL-lienu-l, Johauna Burutt,

New

Kosina Schwaiz, Magdalena Kederberg, Agnes Meyer,

Neumann,

Cith. Elis.

Ana

Cathar. Gerhard, Johauelta Salterbach,

Magd. Steiuer,

Scha^ler,

Magdalena

Ana

Negii),

Lan^lv,

Kebi-cr,i

Ciithaliuii llfil, Uutt Ciirliarnui Hotter, 51ar. Itiiilciiii Eierleh,

Cornelia,

Jl.iriii Z. Ill,

Anna

The

single

counted iu the

New

England, Jersey

&

Gospel, keeping of Schools, 4.

&

the like.

Sixty-two of them are meerly emidoy'd

in the Education of our Children at Bethle-

hem & Nazareth 5.

as Attendants

Fourty-five Single

married people, are gone for

to

8 Couples of

Carolina to

make

and fifty-more, who that End from Europe, will

new Settlement

have come

and Tutors.

men &

there,

are Seventy-two of the above 6. There mentioned Brethren in Holy Orders, viz:

Four Bishops, twelve Ordinaries

and the

rest

Deacons;

(Priests,)

And as many Acoluthi,

are preparing for the Ministry in the

who

Congregation, and

now and then

are

made

7. About 90 of the Children at Bethlehem & Nazareth have their Parents abroad, mostly

A. .Mar. Beyel-, Mar. Elis. Loerich, FeUcitas Schuster,

York,

Hi-gina Neumann, ElizaUetll liurnet, Maria Beroth, War. Barb. Hipndcl,

Salume Duck, Wrif^Iit.

KlizaLieih Palmer,

(/

them mention'd just now, there them employ'd in the Pen-

use of like Deacons.

Sarah Preis,

Bilt,

Thomas's, Crux,

A-c.

Maria Loesb,

Cathar. Klingensteiu, Cliristina Luesh, Anna Bender,

M;Mi;iua B.yerle, (iit tr.iiid l'..ti-rson, Eii/..il"-tli

I

Chnstma,

ffaluine Burstler,

ernhamer,

the Heathen, not only

Carolina Gevernments in preaching of the

Stephan Meyer,

Elizabeth Steioer,

\

'

Besides

silvania,

Cliristoph Kirschner,

Magdalena Schmidt,

Wargaretha Seidner, Cathaiina SbugasUu, Catliariui Kochin, Martha, j^jj^.ug. Iheoilora, / A ana Burnet, Barbara Kiausiu,

IP

GiHtlV. Aust,

Maria,

A. Mar Sclimuter,

,

3.

mentioned

above

are Fifty-four of

go there Soon.

A. Mar. Krause,

*•

John's, Jamaica,

as Chris-

Richter,

George Renner,

Jac.

End among

V. Single Women. Maria Pfingstag, Anna Rosina, Dlizabtth Cornwell, Anna Ramsberg, Juliana Ua'Uler, Catliariua Bender, Anna Antes, Christina Morhard,

^

John

Heathen

the

also in Several Islands, as

Beiosli,

Andreas Bez, Jacob Steiuer, Nic. Anspach, Michel Kancke, George Baumgarten,

among

Forty-eight of the

a

Sptrliach, Kn-iiia f^chulius.

f

2.

Jeremias SUaaf,

}l:iiinali

^

Bethlehem makes out a certain Religious

1.

Chiistiau Triebel,

Kamm.

Tliomas

3Iemoraytduiit.

Erd,

Ehvhard Ilickedorn,

tieurge Caries, J.-lin Kalberlati, Hf rman Ltesch,

\



1756, Vol. VII. p. 353.

Ciiristian Seidel, Jacob Loesh, (lottleb Hofmaun,

Matib. OiiimiL'li, Joh. (i. Kriegbaum,

W'l

Prepared at Request of Gov. Denny, byRev. Mr. Spangenberg; ^see Min. I)ec. 8,

men and

single

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