HIGH SCHOOL-SPONSORED COMMUNITY BANDS AND ORCHESTRAS AS COMMUNITY SERVICES.

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HIGH SCHOOL-SPONSORED COMMUNITY BANDS AND ORCHESTRAS AS COMMUNITY SERVICES.

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INFORMATION TO USERS

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followed

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It is c u s t o m a r y t o begin p h o t o i n g a t t h e

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T h e ma jo r ity of users indi cat e t h a t t h e t e x t u a l c o n t e n t is of greatest value, however, a s o m e w h a t h i g he r q u a l i t y r e p r o d u c t i o n co ul d be m a de f r o m di ssert at ion.

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to the understanding of the

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be

ordered

at

addi t ional charge by writ ing t h e O r d e r D e p a r t m e n t , giving t h e catalog n um be r , title, a u t h o r a n d specific pages y o u wish r e p r o d u c e d .

University Microfilms 300 N orth Z e e b R o a d A nn Arbor, M ic h i g a n 48106 A X e ro x E d u c a t i o n C o m p a n y

1 3 - 8 5 0 3

s

LD3907 0E3 1950 ,D5

Di C a p r i o , A l f r e d J o h n , 1 9 0 8 H i f h - s c h o o l - s p o n s o r e d communi t y b a n d s and ' ' ■rchest r&s a s communi t y services. few Yo r k , 1950 0 i v , 135 t y p e w r i t t e n l e a v e s . mars, forms. 29 cm. F i n a l d o c u me n t ( Z d . D . ) - New Yor k U n i v e r s i t y , S c h o o l o f E d u c a t i o n , 195 Bibliography: p t t ll3]-119o C56937 \;Ml r ' .

Xerox University Microfilms,

A nn Arbor,

M ic hi ga n 48106

T H I S D I S S E R T A T I O N H A S BEEN M I C R O F I L M E D E X A C T L Y AS R E C E I V E D .

H ..1

A ccepted. D ate_________

HIGE-SCHOOL-SPONSORED COMMUNITY BANDS AND ORCHESTRAS AS COMMUNITY SERVICES

ALIRED J . DI CAPRIO

S u b m itted in p a r t i a l f u l f i l l m e n t o f th e re q u ire m e n ts f o r th e d e g re e o f D o cto r o f E d u c a tio n in th e S chool o f E d u c a tio n o f New Y ork U n iv e r s it y

1950

15

cn

S

P L E A S E NOTE :

Some pages may have ind i st i n e t p r i n t . F i l me d as r e c e i ved.

U n iversity M icrofilm s,

A Xerox E d u ca t io n Company

TABLE OF CONTENTS Chapter

Page

I

The Problem an d I t s S cope................................................................... S t a t e o f th e P ro b lem .............. . ......................................................... C l a r i f i c a t i o n o f th e P ro b lem .................. S p e c i f i c P roblem s In v o lv e d ......................................... D e f i n i t i o n o f Term s................................................................... D e l i m i t a t i o n s .................................................................................. Im p o rta n c e o f th e P ro b lem ............................................................... Summary........................................................................................................

1 1 1 1 2 3 3 6

II

H i s t o r i c a l B ackground............................................................................. E a r ly I n s tr u m e n ta l Groups in th e U n ite d S t a t e s ................. I n s tr u m e n ta l M usic in th e High S ch o o ls o f th e U n ite d S t a t e s ................ D evelopm ent o f Community I n s tr u m e n ta l M usic i n th e U n ite d S t a t e s ............................................................................. Demand f o r H igh-S chool S p o n s o rs h ip .......................................... Summary........................................................................................................

8 8

III

IV

11 12 15 17

P r o c e d u r e .............................................................................. E a r ly I n t e r e s t an d E x p e rie n c e o f th e W r i t e r ......................... O r ig in o f P ro b lem ................................................................................. S te p s in P ro c e d u re ............................................................................... C o n ta c t w ith E d u c a to r s ...................................................................... Community I n s tr u m e n ta l Music O u tsid e th e S t a t e o f New Y ork.......................................................................................... Q u e s tio n n a ir e to S ch o o ls in NewY ork S t a t e .......................... V i s i t s to S e le c te d S ch o o ls in New York S t a t e ...................... Checks A g a in s t C r i t e r i a ................................................................... T ren d s a n d C o n clu sio n s and R ecom m endations........................ Summary. ...........................

20 20 20 20 21

Community I n s tr u m e n ta l M usic O u ts id e New Y ork S t a t e . . . . C a l i f o r n i a ................................................................................................. C o lo ra d o ...................................................................................................... F l o r i d a ........................................................................................................ I n d ia n a ........................................................................................................ K a n sa s................................................................................................ K en tu ck y ...................................................................................................... M ich ig an ...................................................................................................... M is s o u r i............................. O hio............................................................................................................... P e n n s y lv a n ia ............................................................................................ Rhode I s l a n d .................................

27 28 30 31 32 32 33 34 34 35 35 36

ii

51

21 22 23 23 24 25

Chapter

Page T e x a s............................................................................................................... W isc o n sin ...................................................................................................... Summary ..................................................................................................

37 37 39

R e s u lts o f th e Q u e s tio n n a ir e ................................................................ H igh-S chool Bands an d O r c h e s t r a s . . . . ........................................ H ig h -S ch o o l-S p o n so red CommunityB ands and O r c h e s t r a s .. Community Bands a n d O r c h e s tr a s n o t S p o n so re d by th e H igh S c h o o ls ......................................................... Comments................................................................................... Summary..........................................................................................................

41 43 48

71

R e s u lts o f th e I n te r v ie w s . ............................................... I n tr o d u c to r y Q u e s tio n s ......................................................................... P o in ts o f A greem ent............................................................................... D is c u s s io n Q u e s tio n s ............................................................................. S o lv in g A d m in is tr a tiv e P ro b le m s .................................................... S u p p lem en tary Q u e s tio n s ...................................................................... Summary ...........................................................................................

65 55 77 77 82 83 85

V II

C r i t e r i a f o r A p p r a is in g H ig h -S c h o o l-S p o n s o re d Community Band and O rc h e s tra T re n d s ...................................................................... Summary...........................................................................................................

89 96

V II I

T rends and C o n c lu s io n s .............................................................................. A p p r a is a l o f T re n d s............................................................................... C o n c lu s io n s ..................................................................................................

97 97 104

IX

R eco m m en d atio n s................. Program f o r D ev elo p in g a H ig h -S c h o o l-S p o n s o re d Community Band o r O r c h e s tr a ............................................................. S u g g ested S tu d ie s ....................................................................................

107 108 115

B ib lio g r a p h y ...............................................................................................................

118

A p p en d ix ........................................................................................................................ Item i Q u e s tio n n a ir e ............................................................................ Item i i L i s t o f H igh S ch o o ls i n New Y ork S t a t e to w hich Q u e s tio n n a ir e WasS e n t...................................... Item i i i L i s t o f Q u e s tio n s A sked D u rin g I n te r v i e w s Item i v Code o f S t h i c s (As p ro p o s e d a n d a d o p te d by th e Hew York S t a t e C o n fe re n c e o f M u sic ia n s an d th e New Y ork S t a t e S chool M usic A sso­ c i a t i o n ) ............................................................................... Item v F ig u re I , Map o f New Y ork S t a t e show ing com m unities w ith a H ig h -S c h o o l-S p o n s o re d Community 3and a n d /o r O r c h e s t r a ............................

120 121

V

iii

55 56 61

125 132

134 138

LIST OP TABLES Table I

II

III

IV

V

VI

V II

V III

IX

X

XI

Page Number an d Itype o f H igh S c h o o ls i n Hew York S ta t e to w hich a Q u e s tio n n a ir e was s e n t . . . . . ..................

41

Number an d P e r c e n ta g e o f Q u e s tio n n a ir e s s e n t to an d A nsw ered by S ch o o l A d m i n i s t r a t o r s ...............

42

Number an d P e r c e n ta g e o f H igh S c h o o ls P ro v id in g Band o r O r c h e s tr a M usic f o r Community G a th e r in g s

43

Number o f C om m unity-S ponsored P ro g ram s f o r w hich th e H ig h -S c h o o l Band o r O r c h e s tr a P la y e d D uring th e S chool Y ear 1 9 47-1948 ..............................................................

44

Number an d P e r c e n ta g e o f A f f ir m a t iv e H e p lie s Re­ c e iv e d from th e 108 R e s p o n d e n ts to Q u e stio n 3

45

Number an d P e r c e n ta g e o f S c h o o ls M aking A v a ila b le Some Type o f M usic E x p e rie n c e to E v ery C h ild i n S c h o o l . . . ....................................................................................................

46

Number an d P e r c e n ta g e o f S c h o o ls M aking A v a ila b le Some Type o f M usic E x p e rie n c e to A ll O u tsid e th e S c h o o l................................................................................................

47

Number an d P e r c e n ta g e o f S c h o o ls R e p o r tin g Ob­ j e c t i o n s R a is e d by L o c a l M u s ic ia n s ' U n io n s.......................

47

Types o f Community I n s tr u m e n t a l M usic Groups F u n c tio n in g i n th e 108 H igh S c h o o ls R e p o r tin g ................

49

Type an d Number o f S c h o o ls E n c o u ra g in g V e te ra n s to J o in Community I n s tr u m e n t a l G ro u p s..................................

49

K inds o f F i n a n c i a l S u p p o rt R e c e iv e d by Twentyseven o f th e H igh S c h o o ls S p o n so rin g Community Bands an d O r c h e s t r a s ..........................................................................

51

iv

CHAPTER I THE PROBLEM A2JD ITS SCOPE

S ta te m e n t o f th e P ro b le m The p roblem i s

to a s c e r t a i n e x i s t i n g p r a c t i c e s i n r e g a r d to h ig b -

sch o o l s p o n s o r s h ip o f b a n d s an d o r c h e s t r a s t h a t a r e community i n s t i t u t i o n s and to recommend a p ro g ram by w hich th e s e in s tr u m e n ta l groups may b e m ore f u l l y c o o r d in a te d w ith o th e r community a g e n c ie s . C l a r i f i c a t i o n o f t h e P roblem T hroughout t h i s docum ent t h e w r i t e r i s r e f e r r i n g s p e c i f i c a l l y to h ig h - s c h o o l- s p o n s o r e d community b a n d s and o r c h e s tr a s i n w hich h ig h sch o o l s t u d e n t s . h ig b » e c h o o l g r a d u a t e s and o th e r a d u l t s o f th e com m unity may p a r t i c i p a t e .

Community i n s tr u m e n ta l g ro u p s composed o f a d u l t s a l o n e

o r o f h ig jh -sc h o o l s t u d e n t s a lo n e w i l l be c o n s id e re d i n t h i s document when in f o r m a tio n p e r t a i n i n g to th e s e g ro u p s c o n t r i b u te s to th e p ro b le m .

S p e c if ic P ro b lem s I n v o lv e d The stu d y e m b ra c e s th e f o llo w in g s p e c i f i c problem s: 1.

M hat l a b e in g flan e i n r e g a r d to aBQ&ao_rahlB by h ig h ag h o o la