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AL-FARABI KAZAKH NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
V. Zh. Sarsekenova L. E. Strautman B. I. Tastemirova
GRAMMAR TASKS FOR INDEPENDENT WORK OF STUDENTS ON THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE (Elementary, Pre-Intermediate, Intermediate levels) Educational-methodical manual
Almaty «Kazakh university» 2013
UDC 811.111 BBK 81.2Angl. S 206 Recommended for the Academic Council of the Faculty of Philology, Literary Studies and World Languages and RISO KazNU Reviewers: Candidate of Philology Sciences, Docent I.А. Bаimuratova Candidate of pedagogical sciences, Docent R.Е. Dаbyltayeva Candidate of Philology Sciences, Docent R.Т. Ikrayeva
Sarsekenova V.Zh. at all. S 206 Grammar tasks for independent work of students on the English language (Elementary, Pre-Intermediate, Intermediate levels): educational-methodical manual / V.Zh. Sarsekenova, L.E.Strautman, B.I. Tastemirova. – Almaty: Kaзak университетi, 2013. – 126 p.
This manual is intended for students of non-linguistic faculties, studying the English language. Work on the tests, which are composed to the passed grammatical themes, will allow students to develop the skills and habits of oral and written speech, to fix the received grammar knowledge and skills. Collection will be helpful for teachers to use the book as an additional material for the independent work of students and the independent work of students with a teacher. Работа над тестами, к которым составлены задания по пройденным грамматическим темам, позволит студентам развить навыки устной и письменной речи, закрепить знания и навыки. Сборник послужит преподавателям использовать пособие как дополнительный материал для СРС, СРСП. Предназначено для студентов факультетов естественных наук, изучающих английский язык.
UDC 811.111 BBK 81.2Angl. ISBN 978-601-247-990-4
© Sarsekenova V.Zh., Strautman L.E., Tastemirova B.I., 2013 © KazNU al-Farabi, 2013
The Present Indefinite Tense Exercise 1 Вставьте соответствующие формы вспомогательных глаголов to be или to do в следующих повествовательных, вопросительных и отрицательных предложениях: 1. Where… you from? 2. How old … you? 3. What … your aunt’s name? 4. I … glad to see you. How … you? 5. The dog … in the garden. 6. Tom’s parents … travel agents. 7. …your father a doctor? – No, he … . 8. John … (not) a student, he … a teacher. 9. That book … (not) very interesting. Take this one. 10. The best seats … 10 $. 11. Moscow … the capital of Russia. 12. I … hot. Open the window, please. 13. What … the weather like today? 14. I … (not) interested in football at all. 15. … Tom and Bob good football players? 16. …you hungry? 17. The news … (not) very bad today. 18. What … your parents’ address? 19. Your money … in your handbag. 20. How much … this sweater cost? 21. How much … this sweater? 22. It … (not) rainy in summer. 23. It … (not) often rain in summer. 24. He … (not) have much money. 25. He … (not) rich. 26. Mag and her sister … (not) live in Rome. 27. Mag and her sister … (not) from Rome. 28. I … (not) stay at home on Sundays. 3
29. I … (not) at home on Sundays. 30. Pat’s mother … (not) teach students. 31. Pat’s mother … (not) a teacher. 32. It … (not) cost much to stay at that hotel. 33. That hotel … (not) expensive. 34. – What … your favourite sport? – I like swimming. And what about you? … you like swimming? 35. – I … from Leeds. … there a sports center in Leeds? 36. … you have any hobbies? … you like reading? - Yes, I … . 37. … you have any brothers or sisters? – No, I … . I … an only child. 38. How old …he? – He … 4. - He … (not) go to school. I help him much. 39. You … a happy girl. 40. Where … you live, Ann? Exercise 2 Выберите правильный вариант ответа: 1. My mother … a bad headache. A have got B am C has got 2. Where the Johnsons live? A Where do the Johnsons live? B Where are the Johnsons live? C Where does the Johnsons live? 3. Margie and her sister … wonderful voices. A does B has got C have got 4. I (not/understand) that man I (not/know) English. 4
A not understand, don’t know B don’t understand, not know C don’t understand, don’t know 5. … you … any time to help me? –Sorry, I … A Do you have, don’t B Have you got, am not C Do you have, have got 6. Everybody in our family (help) Mummy about the house. Dad (walk) the dog, I (water) the flowers, and my brothers (clean) the rooms. A help, walks, water, clean B helps, walks, water, clean C help, walks, water, cleans
7. ... Jane Smith (speak) English? A Is … speak B Does … speak C Do … speaks 8. The Browns … a nice house in the country. A has got B have got 9. They can’t go out because they … rain-coats and umbrellas. A have got B aren’t have C don’t have 10. Jack lives not far from us, but we (not/see) him often. A not see B doesn’t see C don’t see 11. Don’t give him cigarettes. He (not/smoke). A isn’t smoke
B doesn’t smoke C don’t smokes 12. Can you help me? I (not/know) the way to the market. A am not know B not know C don’t know 13. … Pete … any milk in the fridge? A Does Pete have B Do Pete has C Have Pete got 14. My daughter Mary (not/like) apples, but she likes oranges. A not likes B doesn’t like C doesn’t like 15. What’s the matter? You (look) very happy. A look B looks
Exercise 3 Выберите правильное вопросительное местоимение к выделенным словам 1. It’s my mother's birthday next week. A Who B Whose C Whom
3. Mrs. Laura is in her office. A When B Where C How
2. My best friend Jeff lives in Walton Street. A Whom B Whose C Who
4. I’ve got two bottles of lemonade at home. A How many B How much C What 5
5. Mr. Jones usually walks his dog early in the morning. A Where B When C How often 6. – … doesn’t you Dad use a dictionary when he translates from Russian into English? –He knows English well. A How B What C Why 7. You’ve got a fine collection of coins. … coin do you like best? A What B Which C Whose 8. I see a pretty little girl in the yard. A Who
B What C Which 9. – … does Eddy do for living? -He’s a travel agent. A How B Where C What 10. … is the weather like today? A What B How C Which 11. … money do you want? A How many B How much C Which 12. … is the cheapest way to get to London: by plane or by train? A What B How C Which
The Present Continuous Tense Exercise 4 1. – Where are our children? It’s quiet at home. – They (lie) on the carpet and (draw). 2. – What you (do) now? – I (look for) my key. I сan’t open the door. 3. Listen! Somebody (sing) a lovely song. 4. Why you (put on) the coat? It’s sunny today. 6
5. Don’t make so much noise. I (try) to work. 6. Why you (cry)? Is something wrong? 7. Let’s go for a walk. It (not/rain) now. 8. Why you (not/hurry)? I (wait) for you. 9. I don’t speak any foreign language, but I (learn) English. 10. We (spend) next weekend at home. 11. I (meet) Liz tonight. She (come) from London. 12. He (go) to speak to his parents. 13. My Dad (work) overtime this week. 14. They (live) in a rented house this winter. 15. I (take) dancing lessons this winter. 16. At the moment we (fly) over the desert. 17. Have some hot tea. It (get) chilly. 18. I (die) to see him. Present Simple / Present Continuous Exercise 5 1. It (often/rain) in this part of the world. A is often raining B often rains 2. Take your umbrella. It (rain) cats and dogs. A rains B is raining 7
3. Granny is in the kitchen. She (make) a plum-cake. A is making B makes 4. My wife (often/make) plum-cakes. A is often making B often makes 5. Can you phone a bit later, please? Jane (have a bath). A is having a bath B has a bath 6. Run downstairs. Your sister (wait) for you. A is waiting B waits 7. I don’t know Spanish, but I (learn) it now. A am learning B learn 8. John (still/work) in the garden. A is still working B still works 9. Dad (usually/work) on Saturdays. A is usually working B usually works 10. Usually I (have coffee) in the morning, but now I (drink) tea. A am having coffee A drink B have coffee B am drinking 11. We (sometimes/go) to the cinema. A are sometimes going B sometimes go 12. – What she (do)? - She is a secretary at our college. A is she doing 8
B she does C does she do 13. Why you (sit) at my desk? Could you take your place, please? A Why are you sitting B Why do you sit C Why are you sitting 14. We’ve got tickets, and tomorrow evening we (go) to the cinema. A go B are going 15. –… you (do) anything tomorrow afternoon? – I (play) tennis with my friend. A Are you doing A am playing B Do you do B play 16. Tom is in his room. He (play) the piano. A play B is playing C plays 17. Jill (speak) five languages. A speaks B speak C is speaking 18. I (look for) my glasses. Where are they? A am looking for B look for C looks for 19. My brother (smoke) 20 cigarettes a day. A is smoking B smokes C smoke 20. I (not/understand) what he is speaking about. A am not understanding 9
B are understand C do not understand 21. John is tired, so he (have a short sleep). A has a short sleep B is having a short sleep C have a short sleep 22. My parents (never/drink) strong coffee. A never drinks B are never drinking C never drink 23. What you (think) of that novel? A do you think B are you thinking 24. What you (think) about? A do you think B are you thinking Modal Verbs Exercise 6 1. You will … speak Spanish in another few month. A can C be able to B have D ought 2. I’d like … to skate. A to can C to have to B to be able to D could 3. Nobody answers the phone. They … be out. A should C can B would D must 4. I’m sorry. I … have phoned to tell you I was coming. A should to C had to B ought to D could 10
5. To my mind, the government … take care of old people. A ought C must B need to D may 6. I … get up early on Mondays. A am able C must B have to D may 7. The policeman told the woman she … worry. A needn’t C couldn’t B needn’t to D mustn’t 8. … you mind passing me the salt? A will C could B should D would 9. As you … remember, I was always interested in scientific experiments. A may C must B have to D ought to 10. Little children like books with large print. They … read them more easily. A should C can B must D have to 11. … I speak to Jane, please? A could C must B shall D ought 12. My dentist says I … eat so many sweets. A needn’t C ought to B mustn’t D shouldn’t 13. – Why hasn’t Mr.Grill got in touch with us? – I don’t quite know. It … be that he has lost our phone number. A may C must B ought to D should 11
14. – Liz seems to be avoiding you. – I can’t tell you for certain. She … have been hurt by my words about her boyfriend. A should C might B must D needn’t Exercise 7 1. Mum, … I buy an ice cream? A may B need 2. You … hear this tune everywhere, it’s very popular. A can B may 3. What … do to help you? A need B must 4. You … not pay. It’s free. A need B must 5. … believe it? I’m sure it’s nonsense. A can B may 6. You … not read in bed. A must B need 7. You … not worry. All is going to be fine. A may B need 8. If you … afford this book, buy it. A can B may 12
9. He …give up smoking after a heart attack. A can B must 10. … I help you with this heavy box? A may B need Exercise 8 1. The line is busy; somebody ____ on the telephone now. A should be speaking C must be speaking B should have been speaking D can’t be speaking 2. You ____ a message at least! We____ for two hours. A should send, waited C could send, have been waiting B must have sent, were waiting D might have sent, had been waiting 3. The only trouble is that I ____ my exams in spring and ____ them now. A couldn’t have taken, must have C mustn’t have taken, must have had B couldn’t take, must have D can’t take, must have had 4. The plane ____ at 5 a.m. and in this hurry-scurry she ____ the tickets on the table. A had to take off, can leave C was to take off, needn’t leave B was to take off, must have left D must have taken off, shouldn’t leave 5. Why ____ he take the scandal on himself? It is not ____. A must, fairly C should, fair B may, fair D could, fairly 6.
You ____ to him. His information is ____. A shouldn’t listen, misled C can’t have listened, misled 13
B shouldn’t have listened, misleading 7.
D mustn’t have listened, misleading
It is not worth ____ to ____ bed if he ____ at five. A to go, ___, to get up C to have gone, the, is to get up B going, the must have got D going, ___, doesn’t have to get up
8. It ____ late when I ____ home; there were no people in the street. A must have been, was going back C can’t have been, was going B must be, am going D could not have been, went 9. You ____ worry, you ____ always rely on me in this matter. A must not, need C can, need not B need not, may D should, must 10. I ____ my job. I ____ you before. A needn’t have put off, C needn’t have put off, should ask should have asked B shouldn’t have put off, D shouldn’t put off, need to ask should a Who, which, what, that Exercise 9 1. A non-smoker is someone … doesn’t smoke. 2. This is the pullover … I bought in London. 3. There is a man here … wants to sell me a brush for ten pounds! 4. A bus driver is a person … drives a bus. 5. This is the Eiffel Tower … is in Paris. 6. Robert Shade is catching Flight BE 048, … leaves at 14.20. 7. Lulu is the reporter … wrote interesting articles about space travels. 8. Nurlan, … is 55, is unemployed. 9. She has already read the book … I bought last Friday. 10. Here are the papers … you haven’t looked through yet. 14
11. He is the man … will help you whenever you require help. 12. Have you written the story … is to be completed? 13. I don’t know … is the most sensible project to follow. 14. I don’t know the people … have just arrived. 15. Look at the old man … is standing near the window. Do you recognize him? 16. He wasn’t surprised at … he saw because I told him … to expect. 17. I did … I could though I think … was my mistake. 18. You did everything … you had to do. Is … … you mean? 19. Show me … you’ve got in your hand. – … is a secret. 20. I didn’t know … you had told the children … to expect. 21. I don’t want to know … they are talking about. 22. I didn’t buy anything because I didn’t see … I wanted. 23. … is … I’ve always been telling you about. 24. Don’t you know … he is leaving on Friday morning? 25. I’m sure … …you say is true. 26. Is this the car … you won in the lottery? 27. I tried to explain … I had done. 28. My friend lives in Rome, … is the capital of Italy. 29. They believed … it was true. 30. They wondered … he would say next. 31. This is the man … caused all that trouble. 32. They wondered … to do next. 33. I think I know …can help us. Much / many Exercise 10 1. How … eggs are there in the fridge, Paul? 2. Produce …, consume little. 3. We haven’t got … potatoes. 4. Is there … meat in the fridge? 5. There isn’t … fruit at home, and there isn’t … fish either. 6. Do you really need so … sugar? 7. He says he couldn’t bring … carrots. 8. You should take all your clothes with you. I know you don’t have … clothes. 15
9. Have you got … money? 10. He doesn’t think … policemen have arrived. 11. Does this car use … petrol? 12. How … does it cost to fly to New York by Concorde? 13. There isn’t … sense in what you suggest. 14. How … clothes are you going to take with you ? 15. You make mistakes as you don’t work … . 16. Is there … time left? Exercise 11 1. Thank you very … . 2. My friend didn’t make … mistakes. 3. How … money have you got? 4. There isn’t … milk in the bottle. 5. I haven’t got … time, but I’ll try to help you. 6. Have your parents been to … countries. 7. There weren’t … people in the street. 8. Has your son made … friends in France? 9. Dan doesn’t spend … money on his clothes. 10. You watch TV too … . 11. Was there … traffic in sight? 12. Did you take … photos in Spain? 13. Try to do as … as possible. 14. Do you get … letters every week? 15. My wife didn’t speak … at the party. 16. I enjoyed the concert very … . 17. Sue took as … books as she could carry herself. Few, little Exercise 12 1. Is there … little work for you to do every day? 2. There are … parties that have nice music and pretty decorations. 3. There is … milk in the jug. 4. Is there … salt left? 5. I couldn’t buy ten rolls. They had very … . 6. There is some milk in the fridge but there is … sour cream there. 7. I’m delighted. Tom has made very … mistakes in the test. 16
8. There are … lumps of sugar left. 9. … people will admit their mistakes. 10. How many jars of jam have you bought? – Sorry, very … . 11. Is there really so … bread left? 12. Three biscuits are not many, they are … . The Gerund Exercise 13 1. … the plants and animals deep in the ocean, science may find a cure for some of the most serious human diseases. A On studying B By studying C Having studied 2. He is looking forward … to the country. A to going B for going C to having gone 3. William the Conqueror is famous for … England. A having been conquered B conquering C having conquered 4. William II, 7th Duke of Normandy founded his dynasty … Harold II to become William I of England. A for killing B in killing C by killing 5. Did he deserve … ? A praising B having been praised C being praised 6. I remember … your letter. A having posted B posted C posting 17
7. The inspector suspected him … the cop. A of having killed B for killing C in being killed Degrees of Comparison of Adjectives and Adverbs Exercise 14 1. I met my (good) friend yesterday. A goodest B better C best 2. Aliya is (young) in her family. A the youngest B the younger C young 3. Nursultan is not (strong) his elder brother Dauren. A so strong as B strong as C stronger 4. – It isn’t very warm today, is it? – No, it was (warm) yesterday. A more warm B warmer C the warmest 5. Your friend looked upset yesterday. I’m glad he looks (happy) today. A more happy B happier C happy as 6. Where is (near) post-office, please? A the nearest B the next C nearer 18
7. That’s (good) film I’ve ever seen. A a good B the goodest C the best 8. Public transport in London is (expensive) in Europe. A the expensivest B the most expensive C more expensive 9. Do you think Americans are (nice) English people? A nicer B the nicest C nice than 10. The 22nd of December is (short) day in the year. A the short B the shorter C the shortest 11. This is (old) theatre in London. A an older B the oldest C the eldest 12. Pluto is (cold) of all the planets. A the coldest B coldest C colder 13. My (old) sister doesn’t live with us. A older B elder 14. This house is (old) of all the houses in the street. A as old as B older C the oldest 19
15. Go to the library if you need (far) information. A farther B further C farer 16. Life is (easy) it used to be. A so easy as B more easy than C easier than 17. I’m getting (fat) and (fat). A the fattest and the fattest B fatter and fatter C fat and fat 18. The problem was (serious) we expected. A seriouser than B more serious than 19. Astana is (large) city in Kazakhstan. A the largest B largest C larger 20. Let’s go by train. It’s much (cheap). A cheap B cheaper C the cheapest 21. Is Alibek (tall) than Dosym? A taller B tall C as tall as 22. I earn (little) money than he does. A littler B more little C less 20
23. He has … time than me. A bigger B much C more 24. Your cottage isn’t (far) I thought. A farther B so far as C as farther as 25. (Old) I get, (happy) I am. A The oldest, the happiest B Older, happier C The older, the happier 26. The grass is always (green) on the other side. A greener B green С. greenest 27. Dad often says that Mum is his (good) half. A good B better C the better 28. Honesty is (good) policy. A the best B better C more better 29. (Old) men declare war. But it is the youth that fight and die. A Oldest B Older C Elder 30. What’s (late) news of today? A the latest B later C latest 21
31. Actions speak (loud) than words. A more louder B the loudest C louder 32. Hotels are becoming (expensive) nowadays. A more expensive B the most expensive C expensiver 33. The damage to the car could be (bad), than we expected. A badder B worse C the worse 34. That was (difficult) case in his practice. A the least difficult B the less difficult C the less difficulter 35.The sea is ( large) unknown part of our world. A the most large B the largest C the most largest Exercise 15 I. Закончите следующие предложения, используя сравнительные конструкции as…as или not so as / not as…as. Выберите наиболее подходящее по смыслу прилагательное из следующего списка: high/poor/beautiful/tall/crowded/fast/expensive/big/lazy 1. I know that your job is important, but my job is important too. My job is ____. 2. The bicycle is fast, but the car is faster. The bicycle is ____. 3. Her knowledge is poor, but he knows a bit more. His knowledge is ____. 4. He is lazy, but his brother is lazy too. He is ____. 22
5. Their furniture costs $700, and ours is $870. Their furniture is ____. 6. France is big. Belgium is not a big country. Belgium is ____. 7. Her wages are $200 a week, and mine are $150. My wages are ____. 8. She is beautiful, but I like her sister better. I think, she is ____. 9. He is tall, but I am taller. He is ____. 10. Tole -bi and Gogol are crowded streets. Tole -bi street is ____. II. Закончите следующие предложения, используя сравнительные конструкции than ... или as…as или the same… as 1. Everybody was shocked. Nobody was more shocked ____ Nick. 2. I wish you were ____ pretty ____ your mother. 3. He is ____ age ____ my brother. 4. I earn ____ much money ____ he does. But she earns more ____ we both. 5. I ordered ____ drink ____ he did. 6. Your car is much more powerful ____ mine< but my small car is ____ expensive ____ yours. 7. I spent ____ sum ____ Mary did. I spent much less money ____ she. 8. Petrol is more expensive now ____ a few years ago. 9. Prices are not ____ in the 1990s. 10. Paris is ____ exciting ____ London. The Past Indefinite Tense Exercise 16 1. There isn’t a cloud in the sky, but it (be) cloudy in the morning. 2. Mrs. Clay usually finishes her work at half past three, but she (finish) it later yesterday afternoon. 3. Every day I help Mom about the house, but last week I was very busy with my exam. So I (not/help) her much. 4. Tom isn’t playing tennis tomorrow afternoon, he (not/play) tennis yesterday. 5. We generally have lunch at 12.30, but yesterday we (have lunch) later. 6. Now my brother smokes a lot, but he (not/smoke) before. 23
7. The Frasers live in a four-room apartment, but last year they (live) in a small house in the country. 8. I don’t eat meat at all, but the other day I visited my friends and (eat) pork there. 9. My Dad always goes to work by car, but last week he (go) to work on foot. 10. The weather is nice today, but it (be) bad yesterday. 11. We rarely watch television, but last week we (watch) a lot of interesting programmes. 12. –Do you often see Tom? - Not often, but I (see) him at the party the other day. 13. I (get) to the market myself last time, but now I don’t remember how to get there. 14. I sleep well, but last night I (not/sleep) at all. 15. I usually come home from school at 2.00 o’clock, but last week I was on duty and (come) home a little later. 16. It seemed impossible for him to win, but he (win). 17. I walked quickly because I (feel) cold. 18. It (take) him two hours to get to London. 19. Helen (prefer) tea to coffee. 20. My husband (speak) to his boss last week. 21. Five years ago my Dad (sell) his farm and (buy) a business in a small town. 22. He (meet) Mary and (fall) in love with her at first sight. 23. As soon as the bus (stop), Jill (get off). 24. Three weeks later I (leave) for Moscow. 25. How you (cut) your finger? 26. Jack (try) to remember what he had done last April. 27. Yesterday Mr. Watson (drink) too much at the party. 28. Looking through the paper, the teacher (find) several mistakes. 29. Julius Caesar (found) the Tower of London. 30. Ten minutes ago I (hear) a strange noise. 31. Edward (make) up his mind to escape from prison. 32. When you (write) to your parents last time? 33. The building of the trade centre (begin) a month ago. 34. It (be) bitterly cold yesterday. I (put) on my warm coat but I (catch) a cold still. 35. The postman (bring) the morning mail only at 10 o’clock. 36. I (see) you the other day coming out of the library with a stack of books. 24
37. We (have) a picnic yesterday, but the rain (spoil) the whole pleasure. 38. You (go) to the South when you (be) a child? 39. As soon as I came up, they (get) into a taxi and (go) away. 40. What sights you (see) when you (be) in Egypt? 41. Every winter Nick (go) to the Swiss Alps to ski. 42. He (come) in, (take) off his hat, (move) a chair to the table and (join) the conversation. 43. When he (arrive)? – The plane was delayed and he (come) two hours later. 44. How much your bag (cost)? – I (pay) $80 for it. The Past Continuous Tense Exercise 17 1. When I arrived, Tom (lie) on the sofa and (speak) over the phone. 2. The police caught Dan when he (rob) a shop. 3. He couldn’t speak because he (die) of laugh. 4. – What you (do) between one and two? I phoned you several times. – I (play)the piano and heard nothing. 5. When I got up that morning, the sun (shine) brightly and the birds (sing). 6. When you rang me yesterday, I (have) a bath. 7. Somebody stole the money from Dad’s pocket while he (sleep). 8. I (sit) by the window when I heard the noise. 9. It (rain) cats and dogs as I (walk) towards their house. 10. Just as Tom (cross) the street, a car came round the corner. 11. I glanced at Mary who (still/shiver) from the cold. 12. At six o’clock I (wait) for Jennie at the station. 13. On coming up to the house I saw a man who (try) to unlock the door by force. 14. The student (reply) to the question when the headmistress came in. Past Continuous / Past Indefinite Exercise 18 1. I saw a light in your window as I (pass) by. A passed B was passing by 25
2. Yesterday as I was walking down Cherry Lane, I (meet) Thomas, an old friend of mine. A met В was meeting 3. Liz’s elder brother said that he (go) to enter Leeds University. A went В was going 4. While my son (wait) for my call, somebody knocked at the door. A waited В was waiting 5. We (just/talk) about him when he suddenly (come) in. A just talked A came in В were just talking В was coming in 6. Yesterday while Dad (shave), he (cut) himself slightly. A shaved A cut В was shaving В was cutting 7. They (quarrel) while they (wash) their car. A quarreled A washed В were quarrelling В were washing The Future Indefinite Tense Exercise 19. Insert will or shall 1. I’m tired. I (go) to bed. 2. It’s late. I think I (take) a taxi. 3. … I (answer) the question? 4. We don’t know their address. 5. Our test (not/take) long. 6. I’m afraid they (not/wait) for us. 7. Diana (come) to the party tomorrow?
8. You (arrive) in Paris tomorrow evening. 9. The boy (remember) this day all his life. 10. Perhaps they (buy) a new house this year. 11. He (be) fourteen next year. 12. I’m not sure I (find) Jim at the hotel. 13. We (not/book) the tickets in advance. 14. Do you think it (rain)? 15. Everybody thinks they (not/get) married. 16. There (not/be) any wars in the world. 17. Dad (present) Mag a personal computer, … he? 18. … there (be) drugs for every kind of disease in 50 years’ time? 19. … I open the window? It is rather stuffy in this room. 20. I (take) the book for you from the library. Future Actions in «when / if – clauses» (Будущие действия в придаточных условия и времени) Exercise 20 1. I can give Bob the message if I (see) him. A will see В see 2. If I (hear) any news, I (phone) you. A will hear, will phone В will hear, phone C hear, will phone 3. If the weather (be) fine tomorrow, we are going to have a picnic. A is В will be 4. Hurry up! If you (catch) a taxi, you (meet) Mary at the station. A catch, will meet В will catch, meet C will catch, will meet 27
5. When I (arrive) in Manchester next week, I (phone) you. A will arrive, will phone В will arrive, phone C arrive, will phone 6. If he (not/be) busy tomorrow morning, he probably (give) you a lift. A isn’t busy, will probably give В won’t be busy, will probably give C won’t be busy, probably gives 7. Call for an ambulance if he (feel) worse. A will feel В feels C feel 8. Mrs. Clay (go) shopping today if she (finish) her work earlier than usual. A goes, will finish В will go, will finish C will go, finishes 9. Watch the football match on TV at 11 p.m. if you (stay) at home tonight. A will stay В stay C would stay 10. I’m tired, but if you (make) me strong coffee, I (go on) working. A will make, go on В will make, will go on C make, will go on 11. If Dad (buy) a new car, we (go) to the sea-side by car next summer. A buy, will go В buys, will go C will buy, go 12. If they (want) your advice, they (get) in touch with you. A will want, will get В want, will get C want, get 13. We (have) time for tea if he (be) in time. A will have, will be B have, will be 28
C will have, is 14. If you (be) late, I can walk your dog. A will be В are 15. If you (eat) less bread, you (lose) weight. A eat, will lose В will eat, will lose C will eat, lose 16. If Pete (go jogging), he (forget) about his health problems. A goes jogging, will forget В will go jogging, forgets C go jogging, will forget 17. Could you ask Bob to phone me if you (see) her tomorrow? A see В will see 18. If our team (work) hard, we (not/lose) the next game. A will work, won’t lose В works, won’t lose C work, won’t lose 19. Your parents (worry), if you (be) late in the evening. A will worry, will be В are worry, will be C will worry, are 20. I (accompany) you with pleasure as soon as I (finish) my report. A will accompany, finish В accompany, will finish C will accompany, will finish 21. We (not/start) till he (arrive). A don’t start, will arrive В won’t start, will arrive C won’t start, arrives 22. I (phone) him when she (come). A will phone, comes В phone, will come C will phone, will come 23. As soon as he (return) from the beach, we (have) dinner. A will return, will have В returns, will have C will return, have 24. When you (turn) on the right, you (see) an old oak. 29
A turn, will see В will turn, will see C will turn, see 25. He (not/go) for a walk until he (do) his lessons. A doesn’t go, will do В won’t go, does C won’t go, will do The Future Continuous Tense Exercise 21. Put the verbs in brackets into the Future Continuous Tense 1. She (have) a music lesson at 5 o’clock. 2. He (work) in the garden tomorrow. 3. Ben (lie) on the beach at 11 o’clock. 4. Nick and Tom (play) tennis at 10 o’clock. 5. We (stand) in the queue to enter the canteen at dinnertime. 6. She (go shopping) during the break. 7. He (speak) with his partner on the telephone. 8. Granny (cook) supper tomorrow. 9. His little sister (eat) porridge tomorrow morning. 10. Tom (watch) a football match. Future Continuous / Future Simple Exercise 22 1, This time tomorrow they (sit) in the train on their way to Astana. A will sit B will be sitting 2. I (be) at home if you need anything. A will be B will being 3. Don’t phone Talgat from 5 to 6 – he (have) English. A will have B will be having 4. Why are you in a hurry? If you arrive at 8 o’clock, they (still/cook) the meat. A will still cook B will still be cooking 5. He (come) a eight in the evening. 30
A will comet B will be coming 6. …you (have lunch) with me on Friday? A Will you have luncht B Will you be having lunch 7. – I’m not sure I’ll recognize Asiya. I haven’t seen her for ages. – She (wear) a dark blue pullover and jeans. A will wear B will be wearing Future Perfect / Future Simple Exercise 23 1. Nuriya (finish) all the housework by three o’clock and we’ll go for a work. A will finish B will have finished 2. I promise I (get) in touch with you if I need your help. A will get B will have got 3. We are going to buy a car. By the end of next month our family (save) money for it. A will save B will have saved 4. The workers say that they (build up) a district by the beginning of 2013. A will build up B will have built up 5. He probably never (be) patient. A will probably never be B will probably never have been 6. She (have lunch) by the time we arrive. A will have B will have had 7. If you think it over, you (see) that I’m right. A will see B will have seen
Future Simple / Future Perfect / Future Continuous Exercise 24 1. He (sleep) when you come back tonight. A will sleep B will be sleeping C will have slept 2. By the time I come they (go). A will go B will be going C will have gone 3. My sister (know) the result of her exam on economy in three days. A will know B will be knowing C will have known 4. – Let’s meet at the station at 5 o’clock. – O.K. I (wait) for you there. A will wait B will be waiting C will have wanted 5. The work of the scientist (achieve) the proper acclaim. A will achieve B will have achieved C will be achieving Future Indefinite / Future-in-the-Past Exercise 25 1. I hope I (get) a doll on Christmas, but my brother said he (get) a new camera. 2. Do you think it (rain) tomorrow? – I hope not. 3. Nelly promised she (send) a card from Florida. 4. I am sure we (have) a thunderstorm tonight. 5. I (go) to the post-office for you? 6. I had no idea when they (come). 7. We said we (not watch) TV all day long. 8. I doubted if they (make) it up. 9. Tell them again, perhaps they (understand). 32
10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. (do) it. 19. 20.
They (come) if we invite them? There (be) a lot of people at the conference. She says she (have to) change the clock. It gains. She was afraid he (feel) depressed. I assure you he never (tell a lie). They say they (publish) this book next year. There (be) a letter for me tomorrow. You (get) it? He said he never (forgive) me unless I apologized. You (not tell) him about our plans! – Calm down! Bob said he Dad promised he (punish) Andrew for smoking. We’re lost. I (stop) and ask the way. The Present Perfect Tense
Exercise 26 1. I’m afraid I (forget) my book at home. 2. … the secretary (yet / come)? 3. I (learn) the rhyme. Could you listen to me? 4. … you (ever / be) to London? 5. They (already / inform) me about the accident. 6. He is the most handsome man I (ever / know). 7. Kevin (already / leave for) Manchester. 8. He (not / receive) any letters from her this week. 9. I (not / hear) from him since he left Paris. 10. I (not / see) Tom for ages. 11. … you (have) a holiday this year? 12. We (see) some good films recently. 13. They (wait) for you for half an hour. 14. Mum (have) a headache since she came from the theatre. 15. Alan (work) in the bank for a year. 16. Granny (be) ill for a fortnight. 17. … you (ever / ride) a horse? 18. Sue (not / take) a lot of drugs since she joined the health club.
Present Perfect / Past Simple Exercise 27 1. We (not / have) a holiday last year. A didn’t have B haven’t had C hadn’t have 2. My parents (be) to the USA many times. A have been B were C have being 3. I (buy) a new dress last week, but I (not / wear) it yet. A have bought A haven’t worn B bought B wore C had bought C. didn`t 4. … it (stop) raining yet? A Did it stop B Is it stopped C Has it stopped 5. Don’t worry about your letter. I (send) it the day before yesterday. A sended B have sent C sent 6. I (lose) my glasses. I (have) them when I came to the college this morning. A losed A have had B have lost B had C lost C have 7. When Nurlan (finish) school? A When had Nurlan finished B When has Nurlan finished C When did Nurlan finish 8. When I was a child, I (always / be) late for school. A have always been B was always late C has always been 9. I can’t find my umbrella. I think somebody (take) by mistake. A took 34
B takes C has taken 10. – Are you tired? – Yes, a little. I (paint) the ceiling today. A have painted B painted C paint 11. We (not / see) Peter this week, but we (see) him a couple of weeks ago. A didn’t see A saw B haven’t saw B have saw C haven’t seen C have seen 12. – Have you got any money? – Yes, I (borrow) it from my brother. A borrowed B have borrowed C did borrow 13. – Where is Jane? – She (go) the shops. She ‘ll be back soon. A went B has gone to C has been to 14. My husband (work) in the bank for three years since 2007 to 2010. A has worked B had worked C worked 15. Mum (lose) her car keys, so we have to open the door by force. A has lost B lost C losed 16. One of the passengers (die) in that accident. A has died B died 17. My sister and her husband (be married) since last Christmas. A were married B have married C have been married 35
18. … the post (come) today? A Did the post come B has the post come C has the post camе For / Since / Ago Exercise 28 1. Dad isn’t at home. He went to the work an hour … . 2. Jill hasn’t been there … three years. 3. – Is it snowing? – Yes, it started two hours … . 4. They have lived there … 1984. 5. They got that flat twelve years … . 6. We haven’t seen each other … that evening at Talgat. 7. I phoned him two days … . 8. Our family haven’t heard from him … five months. 9. Oh, John! As usual you are late. I’ve waited for you … 11 a.m. 10. He has worked for this company … April. 11. I haven’t spoken to Mary … Christmas. 12. Two years … Derry bought a car. 13. I have never sailed again … that journey. 14. We have been waiting here now … an hour. The Past Perfect Tense Exercise 29 1. Jill was afraid she (forget) her key at home, but she found it in her handbag. 2. Dad wasn’t at home when I came back. He (go) out twenty minutes before. 3. I wasn’t hungry because I (just / have) breakfast. 4. Peter saw an urgent message on his table. Somebody (leave) it the day before. 5. I apologized I (not / phone) her. 6. He told me that he (come back) a fortnight before. 7. I knew him at once though I (meet) him many years before. 8. We spent the night in Taraz, a town we (often / hear of) but (never / see). 36
9. They couldn’t believe he (give up) his job in the bank. He (make) a good living there. 10. Mr. Jackson said that he (already / buy) everything for lunch. 11. Alice asked her brother where he (arrange) to meet his friends. 12. We had no car at that time because we (sell) our old one. 13. They (finish) painting the ceiling by two o’clock. 14. I kept silence for a while thinking of what he (tell) me. 15. Bob tried to find a job after he (serve) a five-year sentences. Past Perfect / Past Simple Exercise 30 1. I (wake up) early and got out of bed. A woke up B had worken up 2. I got out of bed an hour later I (wake up). A woke up B had worken up 3. We were late. The meeting (start) an hour before. A started B had started 4. She was the most delightful person I (ever / meet). A ever met B had ever met 5. That morning she (dress), (phone) somebody, and went out. A dressed, phoned B had dressed, had phoned 6. That morning she went out after she (phone) somebody. A phoned B had phoned 7. He was tired because he (work) hard in the garden all day. A worked B had worked 8. The sun (set), it (get) dark, and we went home. A set, got B had set, got 9. The Petrovs were in a hurry, but they (take) a taxi and managed to arrive exactly on time. A took B had taken 37
10. The Petrovs managed to arrive exactly on time because they (take) a taxi. A took B had taken 11. He said he (break) the lamp post. A broke B had broken 12. We asked Peter to come with us, but he refused. He (already / promise) to play football with his friends. A already promised B had already promised 13. I saw a nice kitten when I (open) the basket. A opened B had opened 14. After I (write) all my letters, I went to the kitchen to make coffee. A wrote B had written 15. She (hardly / finish) speaking over the phone when the telephone rang again. A hardly finished B had hardly finished Past Perfect / Present Perfect Exercise 31 1. Aunt Polly punished Tom Sawyer because he … naughty. A has been B had been 2. – Why are you looking so unhappy? – I … my purse. A have lost B had lost 3. Sam was upset because Judy … . A hasn’t come B hadn’t come 4. Mother asked the children if they … some biscuits for tea. A has bought B had bought 38
5. I … some photos to be developed. Are they ready? A have left B had left 6. Tell Tommy about these wonderful islands. He … about them. A has never heard B had never heard 7. I’m so happy to see you again. I … you since I left Astana. A haven’t seen B hadn’t seen 8. She said she … him since she left Astana. A hasn’t seen B hadn’t seen Sequence of Tenses Exercise 32 Choose the right form of the verb: 1. My parents decided that we (celebrate) my birthday on Sunday. A would celebrate B will celebrate C celebrated 2. Serik hoped that his friend (help) him with his car. A would help B will help C helped 3. We didn’t know the score, but we were sure their team (lose) the game. A has lost B had lost C lost 4. Yesterday Tom heard that his aunt (be ill) for five days. A was ill B has been ill C had been ill 5. The children were afraid of making any noise – Mummy (sleep). A was sleeping B slept C had been sleeping 6. He gave all his money to me because he (trust) me. A would trust 39
B trusted C had trusted 7. We were told that Arman (go) to enter that college. A is going B went C was going 8. The police found out that Bob James (live) in London’s suburbs at that time. A had been living B lives C lived 9. I knew that Mercury (be) the closest planet to the sun, but I didn’t feel like answering the question. A was B is C had been 10. The pupil wasn’t able to do the translation because he (not / know) some special terms. A hadn’t known B didn’t know C doesn’t know 11. Ann hasn’t been informed that the lecture (not / take place) on Friday. A hasn’t taken place B wouldn’t take place C won’t take place Exercise 33. Translate into English paying attention to the sequence of tenses: 1. Я знал, что она еще не прочитала письмо. 2. Она считала, что ананасы растут на деревьях. 3. Он сказал нам, что расплатится с долгами (pay one's debts) больше месяца назад. 4. Капитан приказал всем рлдняться на борт (get aboard). 5. Они не знали, будут ли опубликованы результаты их исследований. 6. Я думал, что он работает, и не вошел в комнату. 7. Я не знаю, когда он приедит в Москву. 8. Они поинтересовались, бывал ли я когда-нибудь заграницей (abroad). 9. Наш гид (guide) рассказал нам, что замок (castle) был возведен в 14-ом векею 10. Я надеюсь, что новый мост будет построен в следующем году. 40
Exercise 34. Rewrite the following sentences in the Past paying attention to the sequence of tenses: 1. Mike says he is sure Ann and Kate will be excellent guides. 2. He says they have made good progress in English. 3. Oleg says that in a day or two several English students will come to pay a visit to their school and he will probably have to act as an interpreter. 4. Ann says she has just met Mike in the street. 5. She says Mike told her a lot of interesting things about his travels in the south. 6. Nick says he is going to the hotel to see his friends, who have just arrived in St. Petersburg from America. 7. He says they have not been here for a long time. 8. He says they were friends at school. 9. He says he will take them to the theatre on Sunday. 10. They say they will write me a letter when they return home. Exercise 35. Choose the right variant of the answer: 1. He ___ for some time before a servant ____ and ____ what he ____. A knocked, opened, asked, wanted B was knocking, opened, asked, was wanting C had been knocking, opened, asked, wanted D had knocked, had opened, had asked, had wanted 2. The doctor ____ there ____ nothing to worry about if the fever ____ above 38,5°. A said, was, would go B tells, is, will go C says, had been, went D said, was, did not go 3. I ____ a wash and a brush-up before starting to go to the luncheon Tom ____ me to, when they ____ me from the desk to say that he ____ below. A had, was invited, were ringing, had been B was having, invited, had rung, was C was having, had invited, rang, was D had been having, had invited, had rung, had been 41
4. While we ____ at ____ lunch, a letter ____ tome from my sister. A were, ____, was delivered B had been, a, was being delivered C were, the, had been delivered D have been, ___, has been delivered 5. Some day I ____ to Paris to revisit all the places where I ____ in the time of my youth. I ____ them for a quarter of a century or so. A will have gone, have lived, haven’t seen B am going, had lived, did not see C will go, lived, haven’t seen D will be going, had lived, hadn’t seen 6. Hardly ____ asleep ____ an alarm clock ____ . A have I gone, than, will ring B had I gone, when, rang C I had gone, then, had rung D was I going, as, was ringing 7. We ____ continue our research unless he ____ us. A can’t, won’t help B will not be able to, does not help C can, will help D won’t be able to, helps 8. We ____ him in many moods, but none of us ____ him to do a cruel thing. A see, ever know B see, don’t ever know C have seen, have ever known D have seen, haven’t ever known 9. When he saw that someone ____ at him, he did not immediately realize who this someone ____ . A looked, is B was looking, was C has been looking, is D had looked, was being 10. It ____ in the night, but now there ____ sunshine. A has rained, was B had rained, had been C is raining, is being D has been raining, is 42
11. As he ___ the room that morning, Ann ___ up the letter which she ___ . A was entered, was holding, had just received B was entering, has held, has just received C entered, was holding, had just received D had entered, held, has just received 12. I ___ a note with the address of the hotel and the boy’s name into his pocket ____ he ___ his way. A have put, provided, will lose B will put, providing, will have lost C have put, in case, loses D will have put, when, have lost 13. They ____, but as they ____ me there ____ a hush. A were talking, saw, was B are talking, have seen, had been C had been talking, will see, would be D have been talking, had seen, will be 14. Come on, if the sun ____ before we ____ home, we ____ our way. A has set, reach, will lose B will have set, will reach, lose C will have set, reach, will lose D has been set, will reach, lose 15. The great majority of students ____ present at the conference. ____ great number of them ____ to listen to your lecture and each of them ____ ready to answer your questions. A are, A, want, is B are, The, want, is C is, A, wants, are D is, The, wants, has been Direct / Indirect Speech Exercise 36. Choose the right variant of the answer: 1. John said: “ I’m sorry to disturb you, Eliza” A John told that he was sorry to disturb Eliza. B John told Eliza he was sorry to disturb her. C John said to Eliza he had been sorry to disturb her. 43
2. He said: “Where is Marzhan going?” A He asked where was Marzhan going. B He asked where Marzhan is going. C He asked where Marzhan was going. 3. Sally said: “I would like to buy it.” A Sally said that she would like to buy it. B Sally said she would have liked to buy it. C Sally said that she liked to buy it. 4. “If I had any instructions, I would know what to do”, said Mag. A Mag said that if she had any instructions she would have known what to do. B Mag said if she had any instructions she knew what to do. C Mag said that if she had any instructions she would know what to do. 5. Robby asked, “Bobby, do you know Old Barn Hotel? It’s on the Carl Road”. A Robby asked Bobby if he knew the Old Barn Hotel that was on the Carl Road. B Robby asked Bobby did he know the Old Barn Hotel; it was on Carl Road. C Robby asked Bobby where the Old Barn Hotel was. 6. The doctor asked: “How do you feel?” A The doctor asked how did I feel. B The doctor asked how I felt. C The doctor asked how I had felt. 7. “Will you be free tomorrow?” Anuar asked Erlan. A Erlan asked would Anuar be free the next day. B Anuar asked Erlan if he would be free the following day. C Anuar asked if Erlan will be free tomorrow. 8. “Don’t open the door or answer the phone,” said her parents. A Her parents said to her not to open the door or answer the phone. B Her parents told her not to open the door and to answer the phone. C Her parents told her neither to open the door nor to answer the phone. 9. “Why hasn’t he locked the car door?” the policeman said. A The policeman asked why he hadn’t locked the car door. B The policeman asked why hadn’t he locked the car door. C The policeman asked why he didn’t lock the car door. 44
10. The student said, “We wish our exams were over”. A The students said they wished their exams had been over. B The students said that they wished their exams have been over. C The students said they wished their exams were over. 11. Tom said: “Jerry has been my best friend since our early childhood.” A Tom told Jerry that he had been his best friend since their early childhood. B Tom said that Jerry has been my best friend since our early childhood. C Tom said that Jerry had been his best friend since their early childhood. 12. “Where is the nearest bus stop?” the old man addressed the policeman. A The old man asked where was the nearest bus stop. B The old man asked a policeman where the nearest bus stop was. C The old man told a policeman where the nearest bus stop was. 13. The teacher said to us: “Be quiet, please”. A The teacher asked us be quiet. B The teacher told us to be quiet. C The teacher said to us to be quiet. 14. “Could you show me these jeans, please?” said the boy. A The boy said to show him those jeans. B The boy asked to show him those jeans. C The boy asked if the salesgirl could show him these jeans. 15. “If I were you, I’d stop smoking,” he said. A He said that if he were him he would have stopped smoking. B He said that if he had been him he would stop smoking. C He advised him to stop smoking. 16. “Don’t swim too far, dear,” asked Dad. A Dad asked her not to swim too far. B Dad asked her don’t swim too far. C Dad asked her if she wouldn’t swim too far. 17. “Ann’s sister did nothing except complain,” remarked Tim. A Tim remarked that Ann’s sister had done nothing except complain. 45
B Tim remarked that Ann’s sister did nothing except complain. C Tim remarked Ann’s sister had done nothing except complain. 18. Shop assistant: - Would you wait half an hour, please? Customer: - All right. A The shop assistant asked if the customer would wait half an hour. The customer said that it was all right. B The shop assistant asked whether the customer would wait half an hour. The customer agreed to wait. C The shop assistant asked whether the customer would wait half an hour. The customer said it would be all right. 19. Mrs. Smith said to Mr. Smith, “Don’t wear your best trousers in the garden.” A Mrs. Smith told Mr. Smith not to wear his best trousers in the garden. B Mrs. Smith said to Mr. Smith that he didn’t wear his best trousers in the garden. C Mrs. Smith told to Mr. Smith not to have worn his best trousers in the garden. Exercise 37. Change the following into direct speech: 1. He told me not to call on him the next day as he would not be at home. 2. The officer ordered the soldiers to wait for him. 3. He said that he had lived in Astana for many years and knew the city very well. 4. I told my brother that I was sorry he hadn’t kept his promise. 5. John told his friend that he had just come from the United States and intended to stay in Almaty for about a month. 6. Our monitor said that he was not satisfied with his report and was going to work on it for some more time. 7. He said that he was quite all right. The climate hadn’t done him any harm. 8. A man came up and asked me where he could buy a video cassette. 9. I asked my brother who had rung him up in the morning. 46
10. I asked my friend if he often went to England. 11. He asked his brother what he would do if he did not find the book he needed. 12. The teacher asked who was absent. 13. Nick asked Pete what he had seen at the museum. 14. He said he couldn’t understand the rule. 15. He asked me if I had taken part in the football match. Exercise38. Translate into English: 1. Он сказал мне вчера, что раньше он учился в университете. 2. Он сказал, что любит эту пьесу. 3. Вчера он сказал, что его отец – профессор и живет в Москве. 4. Мне сказали, что ты мне звонил. 5. Она сказала, что больше не будет купаться, потому что вода холодная. 6. Они спросили нас, когда начнется конференция. 7. Анна попросила меня не разговаривать. The Passive Voice Exercise 39. Choose the right variant: 1. The day before yesterday we (invited) to the restaurant by Arman and Aliya. A are invited B were invited C invite 2. Look! The bridge (repair). A is being repaired B is been repaired C has being repaired 3. The letter and the parcel (post) tomorrow. A will be post B will have been posted C will be posted 4. Margaret (know) to be a very industrious person. A has been known B is known C is been known 47
5. In Greece the Olympic Games (hold) once in four years. A were held B are being held C are held 6. The problem (study) for three years, but they haven’t got any results. A has been studied B has being studied C was studied 7. Dad phoned us and asked if our luggage (already / pack)/ A was already being packed B had already been packed C was packed 8. The doctor said that Tommy’s leg (X-rayed) the following day. A will be X-rayed B would be X-rayed C will have been X-rayed 9. A police car came when the injured man (carry off) the road. A was being carried off B was been carrying off C has been carried off 10. I (bear) in a small Russian town not far from samara. A was borne B am born C was born 11. This book (republish) by the end of September. A would been republished B will have been republished C will been republished Exercise 40. Open the brackets: The Tower of London The Tower of London (build) by William the Conqueror in 1078 as a castle and palace. Since that time it (expand) to its present size, and (use) as an armoury, a zoo, a royal mint, a prison, and a museum. At the time when it was a prison a lot of people (lock) in the Tower for their religious beliefs or suspected treason. Anne Boleyn, Sir Walter Raleigh and Elizabeth the First (shut up) there,too. Spies (imprison) in the Tower 48
during both World Wars. Some of the prisoners (allow) to walk in the grounds, live in the comfortable rooms and receive visitors. Many convicted (publicly/execute) on Tower Hill. They (behead) with the block and axe, which (keep) and (show) in the Tower Armoury now. The Jewel House (situate) at the Tower. The collection of the Crown Jewels (keep) in it. Saint Edward’s Crown, the Imperial State Crown, and the royal scepter (guard) there. Saint Edward’s Crown (use) for the coronation ceremonies. 3 000 precious jewels (se) in the Imperial State Crown. In 1671 a daring attempt (make) to steal the Crown Jewels by a man named Captain Blood. Exercise 41. Translate the text “The Tower of London” into Russian or Kazakh. Exercise 42. Change the following sentences into Passive paying attention to the place of prepositions: 1. The senior students laughed at the freshman. 2. The group spoke to the headmistress yesterday. 3. Young mothers looked after their babies with great care. 4. Nobody lived in that old house. 5. They sent for Jim and told him to prepare a report on that subject. 6. We thought about our friend all the time. 7. The doctor will operate on him in a week. 8. The teacher sent for the pupil’s parents. 9. They looked for the newspaper everywhere. 10. Nobody slept in the bed. 11. The neighbor asked for the telegram 12. Everybody listened to the lecture with great attention. 13. They often speak about the weather. Exercise 43. Change the following sentences into Passive paying attention to the modal verbs: 1. You must take the box to the station. 2. You can cross the river on a raft. 3. The workers can finish the building of the house very soon. 4. You must return the books the day after tomorrow. 5. You must do three of these exercises tomorrow. 6. You can find the book you need in any library. 7. We must send these letters at once. 49
8. I can easily forgive this mistake. 9. You can find such berries everywhere. 10. You must do this work very carefully. 11. The doctor says they must take her to hospital. 12. You can do the work in three days. 13. The students must return all the library books before each summer vacation. 14. Monkeys can climb even the tallest trees. Exercise 44. Open the brackets using the verbs in the Active or Passive Voice: 1. Nobody (see) him yesterday. 2. The telegram (to receive) tomorrow. 3. He (to give) me this book next week. 4. The answer to this question can (to find) in the encyclopedia. 5. We (to show) the historical monuments of the capital to the delegation tomorrow. 6. You can (to find) interesting information about the life in the USA in this book. 7. Budapest (to divide) by the Danube into two parts: Buda and Pest. 8. Yuri Dolgoruki (to found) Moscow in 1147. 9. Moscow University (to found) by Lomonosov. 10. We (to call) Zhukovski the father of Russian aviation. 11. He (to speak) very highly of the doctor. Exercise 45. Find and correct the mistakes if any: 1. Don’t bring the article today. It will be being typed only tomorrow. 2. The South Pole was discovered by Amundsen in 1912. 3. The book which was written last month is discussing a lot. It has been written a lot of articles about. 4. When I came, an experiment was been holding in the lab. 5. Do you know that this house was belonged to Mr. Brown? 6. What new buildings have been built in your town since I was there? 7. The building was collapsed during the earthquake. 8. Have you seen him? Has he changed much? 9. Do you know that you are following? 10. I hope this journal can find at the library. 50
Exercise 46. Translate into English using the Passive Voice: 1. К сожалению, на конференции такие вопросы не затрагивались (touch upon). 2. Кто вам сказал, что соглашение подписано, 3. Здесь говорят только на английскомю 4. Ей разрешили заниматься спортомю 5. Посетителей принимают каждый день. 6. Бетти не разрешают приходить сюда. 7. В больнице за ним ухаживали плохо. 8. За ним уже послали? – Да, ему позвонили и велели придти в восемь. 9. На нашей улице строят новый кинотеатр. 10. Не говори это, а то (otherwise) над тобой будут смеяться. 11. Мне еще ничего об этом не говорили. 12. Мы поедем завтра за город, если будет дождь? – Да, мы должны туда поехать, нас там будут ждать. 13. Это здание было только что построено, когда мы приехали сюда. 14. К вечеру работа была закончена. 15. Когда мы вернулись, нам рассказали много интересных новостей. Disjunctive Questions Exercise 47. Choose the right variant: 1. He can play golf, …? A …, doesn’t he? B …, can he? C …, can’t he? 2. You are the new secretary, …? A …, aren’t you? B …, are you? C …, don’t you? 3. Mr. Evans is speaking over the telephone, …? A …, is he? B …, isn’t he? C …, doesn’t you? 4. You like black coffee,…? A …, aren’t you? 51
B …, don’t you? C …, do you? 5. I’m pronouncing your name correctly, …? A …, aren’t I? B …, don’t I? C …, do you? 6. You aren’t well enough. You should stay with either me or your son, …? A …, should you? B …, shouldn’t you? C …, are you 7. I’m not ill, …? A …, are I? B …, am I? C …, do I? 8. It’s a nice day, …? A …, does it? B …, is it? C …, isn’t it? 9. There isn’t a cloud in the sky, …? A …, is it? B …, does it? C …, is there? 10. We haven’t got much time, …? A …, do we? B …, don’t we? C …, haven’t we? 11. Sam doesn’t work hard, …? A …, is he? B …, does he? C …, isn’t he? 12. Oh, there are a lot of photos in the album, …? A …, aren’t they? B …, aren’t there? C …, are there? 13. There was nobody there, …? A …, was there? B …, wasn’t there? C …, were there? 52
14. Your son didn’t help you much, …? A …, did he? B …, had he? C …, isn’t he? 15. They sent a letter the day before yesterday, …? A …, did they? B …, hadn’t they? C …, didn’t they? 16. Dad hasn’t read the newspaper yet, …? A …, hasn’t he? B …,has he? C …, did he? 17. There will be a nice film on TV tonight, …? A …, won’t there? B …, will it? C …, will there? 18. Neither your parents nor mine can lend us some money, …? A …, can they? B …, can’t they? C …, do they? 19. He never uses his car except when it’s necessary, …? A …, doesn’t he? B …, does he? C …, isn’t it? 20. There’s little point in doing anything about it, …? A …, is it? B …, isn’t there? C …, is there? Articles Exercise 48 Choose the article: A the C an Ba D1. I’d like to have … hamburger for … breakfast. 2. Pushkin is … outstanding Russian poet. 3. Can you play … piano? 4. Will you play … chess with me? 53
5. At … night I had … terrible headache after I had drunk … lot of coffee in … evening. 6. There is … bend in the road. 7. Thomas Banks is … last person I want to see. 8. My favourite subject at school is … History. 9. He knows … history of the French revolution well. 10. Tom’s going to take … his fishing-rod. 11. Could you phone later, please? Jane’s having … shower. 12. The rent is 50 dollars … week. 13. We often go to … theatre and to … cinema. 14. Yesterday Dad came home at 8 o’clock, we had … dinner and then watched … TV. We went to … bed at 11 p.m. 15. What … pity they haven’t come! 16. I can’t find … letter which I received this morning. 17. – By … way, have you heard anything from Tim lately? – … last year he entered … Oxford University. 18. … President is going to open … new hospital in … capital … next month. 19. Are you going to … country on … Saturday? 20. They usually go … shopping on Mondays, but last Monday they didn’t do … shopping. 21. Dad came to … school to see my teacher yesterday. 22. “Do this exercise at … school and that one at … home,” said our teacher in … loud voice. 23. We are busy today, but we have … little time to spare tomorrow. 24. The sweater was cheap. It cost only … few pounds. 25. To tell … truth, I didn’t expect to see him. 26. It’s … high time you stopped being so lazy. 27. … earth goes round … sun. 28. … life is hard in that climate. 29. What … lovely song! 30. It took me one and … half hours to get there. 31. … half … dozen eggs, please.
Plural Exercise 49. Choose the right plural form: 1. a baby 2. a pencil A babys A penciles B babies B pencils C babyes C pencil
3. a man A man B men C mans
4. an umbrella A umbrellas B umbrellas C umbrells
5. a boy A boys B bois C boyes
6. a city A citys B cities C cityes
7. a mouse A mouses B mice C mouss
8. a postman A postmans B postman C postmen
9. a fox A fox B foxes C foxs
10. an ox A ox B oxes C axen
11. money A moneys B -C moneies
12. a fish A fish B fishes C fishs
12. a knife A knifes B knifs C knives
14. a watch A watches B watchs C watch
15.an address A– B addresses C address
16. a child A childs B childes C children
17. a foot A foots B footes C feet
18. jeans A jeans B jeanses C jeans
19. a potato A potatoes B potatos C potates
20. a photo A photos B photos C photes
21. a roof A roofs B rooves C roofes
22. a toothbrush A teethbrush B toothbrushes C teethbrushes 25. a sheep A sheep B sheeps C sheepes
23. a boy-friend A boys-friends B boy-friends C boys friend 26. advice A advices B advises C --
24. a passer-by A passers-by B passer-bys C passer-bies 27. a mother-in-law A mother-in-laws B mothers-in-laws C mothers-in-law
28. news A newses B news C pieces of news Prepositions Exercis 50. Insert prepositions where necessary: 1. Barbara plays… the piano well. 2. … my mind, it was the most stupid thing he could do. 3. Translate these words … English … Russian. 4. My brother gave the money … me. 5. Learn this poem … heart. 6. At last I opened the can … a knife. 7. I go to school … foot, but yesterday I went to school … bus. 8. “Winnie-the-Pooh” is written … Alan Milne. 9. Give … him that book, please. 10. My aunt lives … the ground floor … a fourteen-storey block … flats. 11. What is the ring made …? 12. … general, they both think that they don’t have a bad life. 13. According … the forecast the weather will remain better than usual for this time of year. 14. … first she cried bitter tears, and then explained what was the matter. 15. What was the reason … his absence? 16. Why was he fallen … lobe … such a strange girl? 17. The banks close … 7 o’clock … the evening. 56
18. He usually leaves home early … the morning and comes back late … night. 19. He became famous only … his death. 20. The play begins … half past seven. 21. We arrived … London … the 13th … April and left … Oxford only … June. 22. Shakespeare died … 1616. 23. Bye, see you … Tuesday! 24. Alice goes to the swimming-pool … every Saturday. 25. Bob is going to play tennis … next Sunday. 26. I’m going to visit my friends … the end … September. 27. … last summer we spent our holiday … France. 28. I hope you feel better … the time you get this letter. 29. She lived in that house … 1985 … 1988. 30. Mrs. Jackson lived in England … three years. 31. I haven’t seen her … Monday. 32. Chris has gone, but he’ll return … hour. 33. She got married … age … 19. 34. The train starts … 8.50, so you’d better be … the station … time. 35. My little brother is afraid … spiders. 36. Are you good … foreign languages? 37. My sister is always angry … me when I am late. 38. The teacher is not satisfied … your answer. 39. I am not interested … football at all. 40. Our daughter has entered Moscow University. We are proud … her. 41. Aline is fond … ballet. 42. We were surprised … the high cost of public transport in London. 43. Dad was tired … hard work in the garden and decided to have a short sleep. 44. Young people all over the world like to listen … music everywhere they go. 45. You shouldn’t depend … Tom, he is always late. 46. I can’t open the door, I’m looking … the key. 47. Who are you waiting … ? 48. I can look … your baby while you go shopping. 49. It took Tom five minutes to climb … the tree. 57
50. Look … this photo! Isn’t it nice? 51. Don’t laugh … my little sister! 52. Who has paid … the meal? 53. Jim is a person I can rely … . 54. Do you really believe … ghosts? 55. What size are these boots? May I try them …? 56. After harry had failed his exams three times, he gave … trying to enter the college. 57. Why don’t you insist … his going in for sports? 58. How is she getting … at school? Word order Exercise 51. Put all the words in every sentence in correct word order: 1. often – the cinema – The Milnes – to – go A The Milnes go to the cinema often. B The Milnes often go to the cinema. 2. cigarettes – his – give – him. A Give his cigarettes him. B Give him his cigarettes. 3. the theatre – go – often – very – we – to A We go to the theatre very often. B We very often go to the theatre. C Very often we go to the theatre. 4. him – give – to – bag – his A Give to him his bag. B Give his bag to him. 5. drink – coffee – I – usually – strong – don’t A I usually don’t drink strong coffee. B I don’t usually drink strong coffee. C I don’t drink strong coffee usually. 6. round – at – table – wooden – they – a – large – sat A They sat at a large wooden round table. B They sat at a round large wooden table. C They sat at a large round wooden table. 7. doing – men – what – those – are? A What are those men doing? 58
B What are doing those men? C What those men are doing? 8. the news – yesterday – saw – television – I – on A I yesterday saw the news on television. B I saw on television the news yesterday. C Yesterday I saw the news on television. 9. the novel – much – I very – liked A I very much liked the novel. B I liked very much the novel. C I liked the novel very much. 10. to – came – the office – he – yesterday – taxi – by A He came by taxi to the office yesterday. B He came to the office by taxi yesterday. C Yesterday he came by taxi to the office. 11. the table – and – on – is – there – two – a book – pens A There is a book and two pens on the table. B There is two pens and a book on the table. C On the table there is a book and two pens. 12. tell - didn’t – me – you – the truth – why? A Why you didn’t tell me the truth? B Why didn’t you tell me the truth? C Why didn’t you tell the truth me? 13. where – me – could – is – the market – you – tell? A Could you tell me where the market is? B Could you tell me where is the market? 14. airport – 10 p.m. – you’ll – the – at – at – arrive A You’ll arrive at the airport at 10 p.m. B You’ll arrive at 10 p.m. at the airport. C At the airport you’ll arrive at 10 p.m. Pronouns Exercise 52. Insert pronouns: 1. At Christmas … (friends) often give Mary presents. 2. … (Mary) likes her friends. 3. I’ve got a tortoise. I feed … on vegetables. 59
4. … (the bird) is singing lovely. 5. We feel so lonely. Stay with … . 6. … (my sister and I) don’t like to walk our dog. 7. … (the boy) overslept this morning and didn’t have time to have breakfast. 8. May I give … a good piece of advice? Spend more time with your son. You can help ... much. 9. … (Dad and Mom) went to see their friends. 10. Where are my glasses? Has anybody see …? 11. Is Jane at home? Can I speak to …? 12. The hole on your pullover is getting bigger. You should mend … 13. … (you and I) are good friends, aren’t …? 14. Mrs. Smith went home because … was tired. 15. They live in the country. … house isn’t big, but … is comfortable. 16. She is mad about … car. She spends hours washing … . 17. What’s … phone number? May I phone you? 18. We know … well. They are friends of … . 19. Give me … photo and I’ll give you … . 20. The bag is heavy. What’s there in …? Exercise 53. Translate into English paying attention to the pronouns: 1. Мне жарко. 2. Вы сообщили им эту новость? 3. Отдай ему его ручку. Он любит писать только ею. Она всегда с ним. 4. Помогите мне пожалуйста. 5. Мы пригласили их пожить с нами на нашей даче. 6. Вы бывали у них? 7. Это не моя комната. У меня нет своей. 8. Вы долго ждали нас? 9. Их коттедж не кирпичный, их – деревянный. 10. Отправь ее в ее комнату. 11. Позовите его к телефону. 12. Им хочется побывать в Париже. 13. Расскажите мне о Лондоне. 14. Это не его ключ, а ее. 60
15. Какой у тебя адрес? 16. Его никогда нет дома. 17. Посмотри на этого ежа. Его колючки похожи на иглы. 18. Я прочитала ваши сочинения. Твое, Сережа, мне очень понравилось. Я поставила тебе пять. 19. Каждый из нас может совершиь такую ошибку. 20. Его автомобиль небольшой, но мотор (engine) у него мощный. Exercise 54. Fill in the blanks with the appropriate reflexive pronouns where necessary: 1. I opened the door and found ____ facing a stranger. 2. Go and see it for ____ if you like. 3. The newcomers built the houses ____ . 4. He has injured ____ . 5. During the break they amused ____ in the bar. 6. She didn’t know where to hide ____ . 7. She stopped crying, washed ____ , and decided to go downstairs. 8. He cut ____ shaving this morning. 9. Don’t blame ____ . It is not your fault. 10. Aren’t you hungry: Help ____ to the meat. 11. How did you enjoy ____ ? 12. He felt ____ getting angry. 13. She decided to excuse ____ his bad behavior. 14. Though it was rather cold in the room he felt ____ . 15. She dried ____ with a blue towel. 16. He found ____ in an awkward situation. 17. Did the children behave ____ ? 18. We protected ____ against damage. 19. Did you cut your hair ____ or did you go to the hairdresser’s? 20. They protect ____ from the cold with warm things. Exercise 55. Replace the words in bold type by expressions with reflexive pronouns: 1. I saw it with my own eyes. 2. You needn’t come in person. 3. He left us alone. 4. She lives on her own. 61
5. Did you study English without a teacher? 6. The girl apologized for her behavior. 7. We were quite alone in the room. 8. Take the cake, please. 9. They divided the work between each other. 10. It is your own fault. Exercise 56.Translate the sentences into English using reflexive pronouns where necessary: 1. Я сам узнаю, лучше ли он себя чувствует. 2. Мы не ожидали, что он сам сделает эту работу так хорошо. 3. Мы провели выходные за городом и получили большое удовольствие, собирая грибы. 4. Вы должны взять себя в руки. Посмотрите на себя в зеркало. Побрейтесь, примите холодный душ, разотритесь полотенцем и поешьте, наконец. 5. Наконец мы очутились в городе и решили немного расслабиться. 6. Не ходи сегодня в школу, если ты плохо себя чувствуешь. 7. Посмотрите, сколько вкусных вещей на столе! Угощайтесь. 8. Может быть, она объяснит все сама. 9. Почему ты прячешься? 10. «Ведите себя как следует!» - строго сказал учитель. Exercise 57. Fill in the blanks with some, any, no: 1. Unfortunately, they have got … money. 2. She wanted … stamps, but there were not … in the machine. 3. Is there … salt on the table? – No, there isn’t. 4. I’d like to buy … new clothes, but I haven’t … money. 5. When would you like to come? - … day would suit me. 6. If you had … sense you wouldn’t have left your car unlocked. 7. She did not answer all the letters because she had … time. 8. Do you have … small change? – Hardly … . 9. He returned home without … money. 10. Could you help me? I have … problems with my research. Exercise 58. Make sentences interrogative and negative: 1. He lives somewhere near here. 2. Something fell on the floor in the kitchen. 62
3. Somebody from the Department of Education is here. 4. There is something in what he says. 5. They knew something about it. 6. There is someone in the room. 7. I want to tell you something. 8. Someone is knocking at the door. 9. I saw this man somewhere. 10. Something has happened to her. Exercise 59. Choose the appropriate word out of those given in brackets: A. each / every 1. ___ child wants to visit Disneyland. 2. ___ witness was questioned in turn. 3. They ___ have a comfortable flat. 4. You can come here ___ day. 5. ___ of us would be happy to help you. 6. ___ patient wants to be healthy. 7. Planes fly to St. Petersburg ____ hour. 8. The performance was a success. ___ place was taken. 9. This book is divided into 20 units and ___ of them has a different title. 10. ___ passenger must fasten the belt when the plane takes off or lands. B. either / any / neither / none 1. There are many good inns in Scotland. While travelling, you may stay in ___ of them. 2. I saw two plays in this theatre, but ___ of them impressed me. Rita says she saw several plays there, but she liked ___ of them. 3. John and Pete did not pass an exam yesterday because ___ was ready for it. 4. The Pinn’s sisters are arriving tomorrow. ___ of the two girls is very pretty, but ___ of them is married yet. 5. There are a few cafes in this district, but ___ of them is good. 6. What would you prefer, tea or coffee? -- ___ will do. 7. The woman carried a bag in ___ hand. 8. There were four applicants but ___ of them impressed me. 9. There is a village on ___ bank of the river. 63
10. Can he speak French or German? -- ___ . He is not good at languages. Exercise 60. Choose the correct variant: 1. Please give me ___ copy of the magazine. a) other b) another c) the other d) others 2. I see only five boys here. Where are ___ ones? a) another b) others c) the others d) the other 3. There were seven people on the beach; two of them were bathing, ___ were playing volleyball. a) the others b) another c) others d) other 4. I can give you only a small dictionary, I have got no ___ . a) the other b) another c) other d) the others 5. Two of their guests left rather early, ___ stayed till midnight. a) the other b) another c) the others d) other 6. Well, kid, ___ fifty yards and you will be at home. a) another b) other c) the other d) others 7. There have been two oranges on the table. One is here, and where is ___ ? a) another b) the other 64
c) others d) other 8. I’m going to stay here for ___ few days. a) the other b) others c) the others d) another 9. I think you should choose ___ colour. This one is too dark. a) other b) another c) the other d) others 10. Why is he so selfish? He never thinks about ___ . a) other b) the other c) others d) the others Exercise 61. Translate the following sentences into English: 1. Если кто-нибудь из вас хочет задать вопрос, поднимите руку. 2. Оба были готовы помочь ей, но ни один не знал, как это сделать. 3. Если ты пройдешь еще несколько шагов, ты увидишь море. 4. Каждая девочка хочет быть красивой. 5. Все были рады видеть ее. 6. По обе стороны реки был лес. 7. Каждый из нас может совершить такую ошибку. 8. У меня две сумки: одна черная, а другая коричневая. 9. Ни Тома, ни его родителей нет дома. 10. Врач осмотрел каждого пациента по очереди.
TEST 1 1. He is … of life and energy. A. not B. full C. a lot D. with 2. This is not my pen. … is blue. A. my B. yours C. mine D. be 3. Don`t hurry. We have … of time. A. from B. few C. many D. a lot 4. The homework is not quite clear to …. A. I B. he C. we D. me 5. … books are these? A. Who B. Whom C. Whose D. How 6. There … a lot of milk in the bottle. A. be B. are C. is D. am 7. … ... … is studying English? A. Which of them B. Which of we C. Which of he D. Which of she 8. … is your brother? A. Which B. What C. Whom D. Whose 9. Where are you …? - I am … to the Institute. A. go B. going C. goeng D. gong 10. I am … … English. A. full of B. fond of C. a lot of D. many of 11. Are there … newspapers on the writing-table? A. many B. much C. any D. lot 12. One … the students is in the library. A. of B. from C. on D. at 13. … lecture do you have today? A. What B. Who C. How D. Which
14. … colour is the furniture in the study? A. How B. Who C. Whose D. What 15. He is ill, … … he is absent. A. what B. about C. there D. that`s why 16. … pages are there in the textbook? A. How old B. A lot of C. How many D. How much 17. What are you busy …? A. of B. with C. about D. there 18. … of the students are in the garden. A. same B. any C. some D. the 19. Where … the students? A. is B. am C. are D. be 20. … of you is married? A. Which B. What C. Who D. Whom TEST 2 1. Who … … in the workshop now? A. are working B. is working C. working are D. working is 2. Who is helping … ? A. I B. she C. her D. we 3. Choose one … … books. A. at the B. in the C. of … D. of the 4. There are … cars in the street. A. not B. … C. no D. note 5. What is this text …? A. about B. for C. of D. with 6. Put this piece … chalk into the box. A. to B. at C. from D. of 7. We … … an English class. A. are haveing B. are havin C. are have D. are having 8. The children are going … home. A. at B. - C. to D. in
9. The poster … : “Long Live Piece!” A. speaks B. listens C. reads D. writes 10. … is the letter from? A. Who B. What C. – D. Where 11. The homework is not quite clear …. …. . А. to me B. to she C. to he D. – me 12. Open your books … page 10. А. in B. at C. on D. – 13. What … … city is this? A. mind of B. kind - C. of kind D. kind of 14. He has … much ink in his pen. А. no B. not C. - D. a 15. We are … … speaking English. A. find of B. front of C. fond of D. of fond 16. Anna has … … … free time. A. a lot of B. lot of C. lot of a D. lot of – 17. The … mother is young. A. childrens B. children C. childrens` D. children`s 18. Is Helen a sister of …? A. his B. he C. she D. – 19. There … an economist and o lot of young engineers at our office. A. are B. – is C. - D. -`es 20. There are … books on the table. A. not some B. - C. any D. some TEST 3 1. … … you is free today? A. Whose of B. Whom of C. Which of D. Why of 2. What is he … on the shelf? A. puting B. putting C. putteing D. puttieng 3. There is … any bread on the plate. A. not B. no C. - D. note
4. Those workers are young; some of … are students. A. their B. they C. we D. them 5. Ask questions … the text. A. to B. from C. about D. about 6. Do this exercise … home! A. at B. - C. to D. in 7. I am … … English. A. full of B. fond of C. a lot of D. of you 8. This is not my pencil. … is blue. А. My B. Yours C. Mine D. Me 9. The … … at the window is a first-year student. A. sitting girl B. girl sittieng C. a sitting girl D. girl sitting 10. What is there … … … the building of your University? A. a full of B. in front of C. which of you D. one of them 11. Thank you … help. A. for B. with C. to D. – 12. Is the table in the corner …in the middle of the room? A. over B. but C. or D. and 13. … is the number of your flat? A. Which B. What C. How D. Who 14. Who … … children? A. got has B. has got C. have got D. got have 15. He … … present because he is busy. A. is not B. not is C. are not D. is no 16. He is ill, ……….. . A. he is absent that`s why B. why that`s he is absent C. he is absent why that`s D. that`s why he is absent 17. Is she … years old? A. thirty B. thierty C. theirty D. tirty
18. Are there any students on the sports ground? - …. ….. … . A. Yes, there are any B. Yes, there are not C. Yes, there are some D. Yes, there are no 19. … … children does he have? A. How much B. What - C. How many D. About what 20. She is working … her English now. A. on B. at C. for D. – TEST 4 1. What are you busy …? A. of B. with C. about D. there 2. … colour is the furniture in the study? A. How B. Who C. Whose D. What 3. … pages are there in the textbook? A. How old B. A lot of C. How many D. How much 4. Where are you …? A. go B. going C. goeng D. gong 5. … of the students are in the garden. A. Same B. Any C. Some D. The 6. Are there … newspapers on the writing-table? A. many B. much C. any D. lot 7. The homework is not quite clear to … . A.I B. he C. we D. me 8. There … a lot of milk in the bottle. A. be B. are C. is D. am 9. … lesson do you have today? A. What B. Who C. How D. Which 10. He is … of life and energy. A. not B. full C. a lot D. with 11. One … the students is in the library. A. of B. from C. on D. at
12. Where … the students? A. is B. am C. are D. be 13. This is not my pen. … is blue. A. My B. Yours C. Mine D. Me 14. She is ill, … … she is absent. A. what B. about C. there D. that`s why 15. … of you is married? A. Which B. What C. Who D. Whom 16. Don`t hurry. We have … of time. A. from B. few C. many D. a lot 17. … is your brother? A. Which B. What C. Whom D. Whose 18. I am … … playing football. A. full of B. fond of C. a lot of D. of your 19. … ... … is studying Kazakh? A. Which of them B. Which of we C. Which of he D. Which of she 20. … books are these? A. Who B. Whom C. Whose D. How TEST 5 Present Perfect or Past Simple: 1. When I … (get) home last night, I … (be) very tired. 2. George … (not/be) very well last week. 3. Molly lives in Dublin. She … (live) there all her life. 4. My grandfather … (die) before I was born. I … (never/meet) him. 5. I don’t know Carol’s husband. I … (never/meet) him. 6. Where do you live? – In Boston. How long … (you/live) there? 7. It … (be) cold last week. 8. I … (not/read) a newspaper yesterday. 9. Emily … (earn) a lot of money last year.
10. Where … (be) yesterday evening? 11. … you (be) to Paris? 12. I’m very hungry. I … (eat) much today. 13. I … (eat) a lot of sweets when I was a child. 14. It … (not/rain) last week. 15. I … (never/play) golf. 16. I … (work) here for 15 years. 17. Carol … (live) here since she left school. 18. Sarah … (live) in Paris since 2005. 19. Jane … (not receive) her exam results last week. 20. I … (work) in Tokyo in 2001. 21. Ann … (live) in this house since she was a baby. 22. … you ever … (win) anything in competition? 23. She … (not speak) to him since her divorce. 24. Jan … (not go) abroad since a business trip in 1998. TEST 6 Past Continuous and Past Simple 1. Jenny … (wait) for me when I .. (arrive). 2. How fast … (drive) when the accident … (happen)? 3. What … you (do) at this time yesterday? 4. Matt phoned while we … (watch) TV. 5. I saw Sue in town yesterday but she (not/see) me. 6. I … (walk) along the street when suddenly I … (hear) footsteps behind me. 7. When I was young, I … (want) to be a pilot. 8. Last night I … (drop) a plate when I … (do) the washing up. 9. I … (walk) home when I … (meet) Dave. 10. Kate … (watch) television when we arrived. 11. I was very tired, so I … (leave) the party early.
12. The police … (stop) me on my way home last night. 13. Mozart … (write) more than 600 pieces of music. 14. Two years ago I … (work) in the travel agency. 15. I … (meet) a friend while I … (do) shopping. 16. I … (pay) for my things when I … (hear) someone call my name. 17. We … (leave) the café at midnight. 18. I … (work) in Italy three years ago. 19. When I arrived at the party, Jenny and Mick … (dance). 20. When I arrived at the party, Harry … (smoke) a cigar. 21. When I arrived at the party, Justin … (show) a photograph. 22. Yesterday Gary Smith … (celebrate) his 18th birthday. 23. Last summer we … (go) to Florida for holiday. 24. I last … (see) Jim two years ago. 25. We … (see) Rose in town a few days ago. 26. I … (go) to the cinema three times last week. 27. Five minutes passed and the train … (appeared) in the distance. 28. The day was cold, and it … (rain). I …. (translate) ten pages yesterday. 29. What … you … (do) yesterday? 30. Last night he … (finish) the book. 31. Peter … (read) by the fireplace when door … (open). TEST 7 Present Continuous and Present Simple 1. Let’s go out. It … (not/rain) now. 2. Julia is very good at languages. She … (speak) four languages very well. 3. Hurry up! Everybody … (wait) for you. 4. Carol… (listen) to the radio every day. 5. The River Nile … (flow) into the Mediterranean. 6. The river … (flow) very fast today – much faster than yesterday.
7. We usually … (grow) vegetables in the garden, but this year we … (not/grow) any. 8. Rachel is in London at the moment. She … (stay) at the Park Hotel. 9. She always … (stay) there when she is in London. 10.
Normally I … (finish) work at five, but this week I … (work) till six.
11. I usually … (enjoy) the parties, but I … (not/enjoy) this one very much. John isn’t lazy. He … (work) hard most of the time. 12.
Most people … (learn) to swim when they are children.
Nurses … (look) after people in hospitals.
I … (speak) four languages.
He … (work) in a restaurant now.
She … (play) tennis at 11 in the morning.
He never … (wear) a hat.
He … (like) black coffee.
I … (not/like) dogs.
I … (not/like) science fiction.
He …(work) in the laboratory now.
It was very late. I … (go) to bed and …(fall) asleep at once. TEST 8
Active or Passive 1. My grandfather was a builder. He … (build ) this house in 1955. 2. The house is quite old. It … (build) in 1955. 3. Two hundred people … (employ) by the company. 4. A lot of money … (steal) in the robbery. 5. Many accidents … (cause) by careless driving. 6. How much money … (steal) in the robbery? 7. Cheese … (make ) from milk. 8. You … (invite) to the wedding. 9. A cinema is a place where films … (show).
10. Originally the book … (write) in Spanish, a few years ago it … (translate) into English. 11. You can’t see the house from the road. It is … (surround) by trees. 12. Water … (cover) most of the earth’s surface. 13. How much of the earth’s surface …(cover) by water? 14. The letter … (post) a week ago. 15. I was born in London, but I was … (grow up) in Canada. 16. Richard’s parents … (die) when he was young. He and his sister … (bring up) by their grandparents. 17. Where … (these photographs/ take)? In London? … (you/take) them or somebody else? TEST 9 Transform Active to Passive 1. Somebody cleaned the room. The room … 2. Somebody gave the police the information. The information … to the police. 3. Somebody used my computer. My computer … 4. My umbrella has disappeared. It …(take) by somebody. 5. They asked me some difficult questions at the interview. I … (ask) some difficult questions at the interview. 6. Linda’s colleagues gave her a present. She … (give) a present. 7. They offered me a job. I … a job. 8. They gave me some time to decide. I … some time to decide. 9. They showed me a new machine. I … a new machine. 10. The police stopped me . I … by the police. 11. The built a new supermarket nearby. A new supermarket … nearby. 12. The company employs two hundred people. Two hundred people … by the company. 13. Astronomers discovered Pluto in the 1930s. Pluto … in the 1930s. 14. Careless driving causes a many accidents. Many accidents … by careless driving.
15. The storm damaged the roof of the building. The roof of the building … by the storm. 16. The workers repaired the road. The road … 17. I showed the new building to the guests. The guests …the new building. 18. The boy wore a white pullover. 19. A white pullover … by the boy. 20. The police arrested the terrorists. The terrorists … by the police. 21. The company made a loss last year. A loss … by the company last year. 22. A boy drew a tree on the sand. A tree … on the sand. 23. Mark asked a few questions. A few questions … by Mark. TEST 10 Use the Passive Voice (Present or Past) 1. Sunflowers …(paint) by Van Gogh. 2. The Berlin wall … (knock) down in 1989. 3. Rolls-Royce cars … (made) in England. 4. Coffee … (grow) in Brazil. 5. German … (speak) in Germany. 6. A part-time assistant …(want) in the shop. 7. Walkman players … (develop) by the Japanese. 8. President Kennedy (kill) in Dallas. 9. Coca-Cola … (drink) all over the world. 10. A Mozart manuscript .. .(sell) at the auction yesterday. 11. A businessman from Birmingham … (arrest) last night. 12. Four people … (take) to hospital. 13. She … (invite) to the party. 14. He … (want) to the telephone. 15. They … (drive ) to the airport. 16. Nylon … (invent) in the 1930s.
17. Mickey … (call) Topolino in Italian and Mi Lo Shu in Japan. 18. The first VW … (make) in 1938. 19. The Volkswagen Beetle … (design) by Ferdinand Porshe. 20. Ferdinand Porshe … (ask) to design new cars by the German Government. TEST 11 First or Second Conditional 1. If the earth …(get) warmer, the sea … (get) warmer. 2. I … (leave ) the house after the postman … (come). 3. If the sea level …(rise), there … (be) floods in many parts of the world. 4. If the sea … (get) warmer, the ice at the North and South Poles … (melt). 5. If I had a car, I … (give) a lift. 6. If the bus … (not/come) soon, we’ll take a taxi. 7. If you … (eat) another cake, you … (be) sick. 8. You … (fail) the exam if you … (not /study) hard. 9. When she … (read) my letter, she … (understand) the problem. 10. They … (give) hr a message as son as she … (arrive). 11. If they … (not/give) him a job, I don’t know what he …(do). 12. If I …(be) rich, I … (live) in a big house. 13. Laura lives in a big city. If she … (live) in the country, she … (ride) her bike. 14. Jimmy is in prison. If he …(be) in prison, he … (work) in the office. 15. Jimmy is in prison. If he …(be) in prison, he … (play) tennis. 16. Jimmy is in prison. If he …(be) in prison, he … (go) to night clubs. 17. If Laura … (have) money, she … (buy) a little cottage. 18. If Laura … (live) in the village, she … (grow) flowers and vegetables. 19. If I … (have) a watch, I … (not/be) late. 20. If I … (go) to bed not solate, I …(not/be) so tired in the morning.
TEST 12 Put the words in the right order 1. Val / the/ is/why/ Apple Helpline/ ringing/ ? 2. work / for / Val /does / company / which /? 3. doing / when/ computer / she / her / was / what / stopped/ ? 4. Val / why / remember / message / the / can’t / ? 5. switched / computer / she / has / her / off / ? 6. moment / what / you/ at / are / the / wearing/? 7. living / you/ started / were/ where/ when / you / school/ ? 8. go / you / where / holiday / were / did / child / when / you / on / a/ ? 9. play / any/ the / at / sports / you / weekend/ do /? 10. up / time / morning/ what / did / get / his / you / ? 11. pyramids / Egypt / ever / to / to been / the / have / see / you /? 12. exams / last / did / year/ to / have / any / you /take /? 13. I / for / waiting/ you/ twenty / have / minutes / been/ for/. 14. States/ visa/ get/ to / to / go / you / do / have / a / the / to/ ? 15. job/ wear/ have / in / uniform / you / your / to / do / a / ? 16. books / have / many / you / buy / so / why / did / to /? 17. John/ does / pills / take / often/ his / how / have / to / ? 18. plant/ carefully/ you / after / look / do / have / to / this / very /? 19. teacher / have / does / homework / your / your / correct / to /? 20. time / you / up / what / have / get / do / to /? 21. Reflexive pronouns (возвратные местоимения) 22. I have seen it … 23. We … wanted to go dancing that evening. TEST 13 Present Simple or Present Continuous? 1. I … (not eat) lunch today.
2. Some birds … (fly) to warm countries in winter. 3. We never … (go) on holiday at Christmas. 4. … (be) they always late for meetings? 5. Wear your boots. It .. (snowing). 6. No, I … (not live) in Rome, I … (live) in Milan. 7. Next week we … (go) to Madrid on business. 8. He never … to what I say. He always … about something else. a) listens / thinking b) listens / thinks c) listens / think d) listening / thinking e) listen / thinks 9. Choose the correct variant: a) What do usually you have for breakfast? b) What usually do you have for breakfast? c) What do usually you having for breakfast? d) What do usually you to have for breakfast? e) What do you usually have for breakfast? 10. Choose the correct variant: a) Why do you walk so fast today? b) Why are you walk so fast today? c) Why does you walk so fast today? d) Why do you walking so fast today? e) Why are you walking so fast today? 11. You … quite slowly. a) usually walking b) walk usually c) usually walk d) usually walking e) are usually walking 12. Stop! Don’t you see the notice? I … but I can’t read it because I … glasses. a) see / am wearing b) seeing / am not wearing c) seeing / am not wearing d) see / am not wear e) see / am not wearing
13. The plane you … at now … to Paris. a) look / fly b) are looking / flies c) are looking / is flying d) are look / flies e) look / flies 14. Tom never … any work in the garden, he always … on his car. a) does / works b) does not do / is working c) do / is working d) does / is working e) does / working 15. What … to his car now? He … it. a) he doing / is polishing b) is he doing / is polishing c) does he do / polishes d) is he do / polishes e) does he doing / is polishing 16. Why … Mrs Pitt … so angry? a) does / look b) is / looking c) is / look d) does / looking e) does / looked 17. Mr. Pitt … a cigarette and … the ash on the carpet. a) smoking / dropping b) is smoking / is dropping c) smokes / drops d) smokes / is dropping e) smokes / is dropping 18. Choose the correct variant: a) How do you end the letter that beginning, “Dear sir”? b) How do you ending the letter that begins, “Dear sir”? c) How do you end the letter that is beginning, “Dear sir”? d) How are you ending the letter that begins, “Dear sir”? e) How do end you the letter that begins, “Dear sir”? 19. Choose the correct variant: a) What does the word “catastrophe” mean? It mean “Disaster”. b) What is the word “catastrophe” mean? It means “Disaster”. c) What does the word “catastrophe” mean? It means “Disaster”.
d) What does the word “catastrophe” mean? It is meaning “Disaster”. e) What is the word “catastrophe” meaning? It is meaning “Disaster”. 20. Choose the correct variant: a) Who does own this umbrella? b) Who owns this umbrella? c) Who is owning this umbrella? d) Who own this umbrella? e) Who does owns this umbrella? 21. We … home on the 8th of March. a) are leaving b) leave c) going to leave d) leaving e) leaves 22. Choose the correct variant: a) Look at that crowd! What do they waiting for? b) Look at that crowd! What are they waiting for? c) Look at that crowd! What do they wait for? d) Look at that crowd! What are they wait for? e) Look at that crowd! What they are they waiting for? 23. I … a cake when the light went off. I had to finish it in dark. a) was making b) has making c) made d) was made e) had to make 24. I didn’t want to meet Paul so when he entered the room I … a) was leaving b) leaving c) have left d) leave e) left 25. He was very polite. When he wife entered the room he … up. a) stood b) was standing c) stands d) stand e) has stood
26. My dog … quietly when Mr. Pitt’s Pekinese attacked him. a) walked b) was walking c) walking d) walks e) walk 27. He … the guitar when someone … the window. a) was playing / was opening b) played / opened c) played / was opening d) was playing / open e) was playing / opened 28. When I … for my passport I … his old photograph. a) looked / found b) was looking / found c) looked / find d) looked / was finding e) was looking / was finding 29. Choose the correct variant: a) You were looking very busy when I saw you last night. What did you do? b) You looked very busy when I saw you last night. What did you do? c) You were looking very busy when I was seeing you last night. What did you do? d) You were looking very busy when I saw you last night. What were you do? e) You looked very busy when I saw you last night. What were you doing? 30. He … the gun when it … off. a) cleaned / went b) was cleaning / went c) cleaned / was going d) cleaning /went e) cleaned / gone 31. Choose the correct variant: a) I saw you yesterday from the bus. Why were you using the stick? b) I saw you yesterday from the bus. Why did you use the stick? c) I saw you yesterday from the bus. Why you were using the stick? d) I saw you yesterday from the bus. Why did use you the stick? e) I was seeing you yesterday from the bus. Why were you using the stick?
32. While he … the flowers … to rain. a) was watering / it began b) watered / it began c) watered / it begins d) was watering / began e) was watering / it begin 33. When I … him he … a portrait of his wife. a) saw / painting b) saw / was painting c) was seeing / was painting d) saw / was painting e) saw / painted 34. Choose the correct variant: a) Who did talk on the telephone? b) Who talked on the telephone? c) Who talking on the telephone? d) Who did talked on the telephone? e) Who did talking on the telephone? 35. When I first met him he … in the restaurant. a) was working b) working c) works d) were working e) work 36. He … in Rome tonight. a) will b) will be c) will being d) is e) willing 37. You … to drive after another five lessons. a) will able b) will being able c) will be able d) will be abling e) will be 38. It’s very cold. I … a fire. a) am going to light b) will light
c) will lighting d) am lighting e) going to light 39. It is nearly autumn. Soon the leaves … colour. a) will change b) will changing c) are changing d) are change e) change 40. Shakespeare … a lot of plays. a) written b) was wrote c) was writing d) will write e) wrote 41. I can see … newspapers. a) much b) many c) a d) most e) an 42. Choose the correct variant: a) He must to go home early. b) He must go home early. c) He must to going home early. d) He must home go early. e) He must to gone home early. 43. They … here two days age. a) came b) come c) coming d) have come e) had come 44. “Do you do any sport?” a) I like swim and playing football. b) I like swimming and playing football. c) I like to swim and playing football. d) I like swim and playing football. e) I like swims and playing football.
45. What … American public schools teach? a) are b) do c) have d) were e) be 46. Man … live by bread alone. a) do b) do not c) does not d) is not e) doing 47. … there … a lecture tomorrow? a) will / be b) shall / be c) would / be d) will / being e) shall / being 48. What … his politics? He supports the Labour party. a) are b) does c) were d) is e) will 49. A man is … old … he feels. a) such / as b) as / that c) as / than d) such / that e) as / as 50. I was busy and couldn’t listen … the radio. a) at b) for c) in d) at e) on 51. The conference began … October 18. a) in b) at
c) on d) – e) For 52. The sea is … unknown part of the world. a) the most large b) the most largest c) the more largest d) the largest e) the larger 53. Does this car use … petrol? a) many b) few c) more d) most e) much 54. I don’t like … jokes. a) hers b) her’s c) her d) she’s e) it 55. Don’t make such a noise! – Are the children … sleeping? a) yet b) more c) for d) still e) other 56. Choose the correct variant: a) It is not difficult to translate this sentence. b) It not difficult to translate this sentence. c) It is not difficult translate this sentence. d) It is not difficult to translating this sentence. e) It is not difficult translated this sentence. 57. Choose the correct variant: a) Where we can do this work? b) Where can we do this work? c) Where can we doing this work? d) Where we can doing this work? e) Where we can done this work?
58. Choose the correct variant: a) Why he cannot answer the question? b) Why cannot he answering the question? c) Why he cannot answering the question? d) Why cannot he answer the question? e) Why cannot he to answer the question? 59. Choose the correct variant: a) He is still illing but he is much better. b) He is still ill but he is much better. c) He is still ill but he much is better. d) He is still ill but is he much better. e) He still is ill but he is much better. 60. Sometimes I … at the Institute after classes. a) am staying b) stay c) staying d) have stay e) were staying 61. Choose the correct variant: a) What the topic is of the report? b) What is the topic of the report? c) What topic is of the report? d) What is the topic the report? e) What are the topic of the report? 62. Choose the correct variant: a) When he is going to make his report? b) When is he go to make his report? c) When is he going make his report? d) When is he going made his report? e) When is he going to make his report? 63. Ann is going to tell us … words about her plans. a) little b) few c) a few d) fewer e) less 64. We have very … dictionaries in our library. a) few b) little
c) fewer d) less e) at least 65. She reads very … a) a) few b) little c) fewer d) less e) low 66. Choose the correct variant: a) It is much easy to get up in summer than in winter. b) It is much easier to get up in summer when in winter. c) It is much easiest to get up in summer than in winter. d) It is much easier to get up in summer as in winter. e) It is much easier to get up in summer than in winter. 67. Choose the correct variant: a) It is impossible to understand what he wants to say. b) It is impossible understand what he wants to say. c) It is impossible to understanding what he wants to say. d) It impossible to understand what he wants to say. e) It is impossible to understand what he want to say. 68. Choose the correct variant: a) The ceiling here is as high than in the hall. b) The ceiling here is more high as in the hall. c) The ceiling here is as higher as in the hall. d) The ceiling here is more higher as in the hall. e) The ceiling here is as high as in the hall. 69. It was reported that … were present at the meeting. a) anybody b) none c) everybody d) both e) nobody 70. That was … case in his practice. a) the least difficult b) the less difficult c) least difficult d) less difficult e) lower difficult
71. Hotels are becoming … nowadays. a) most expensive b) more expensive c) the most expensive d) expensiver e) the more expensive 72. Actions speak … than words. a) more louder b) the loudest c) louder d) loudest e) the more louder 73. The damage of the car could be … than we expected. a) bad b) worse c) the worst d) worser e) badder 74. Is there …work for you to do every day? a) many b) few c) more d) little e) less 75. Roosevelt became the president in … a) 1932 b) 1932 year c) 1932 y. d) the 1932 e) 1932 years 76. Honesty is … policy. a) best b) the best c) better d) the better e) the most best 77. They … exercise 10 , they … exercise 12. a) are doing not / are do b) are not doing / do
c) are not doing / are doing d) are not do / do e) are not doing / doing 78. Choose the correct variant: a) The boy reading a book in the garden is my brother. b) The boy is reading a book in the garden is my brother. c) The boy reads a book in the garden is my brother. d) The boy read a book in the garden is my brother. e) e)The boy reading a book in the garden my brother. 79. Choose the correct variant: a) It impossible to answer this question. b) It is impossible to answer this question. c) It is impossible answer this question. d) It impossible is to answer this question. e) It is impossibility to answer this question 80. Choose the correct variant: a) He never is late for his classes. b) He is never late for his classes c) He is never lately for his classes d) He is late never for his classes e) He never is lately for his classes 81. Let’s stop before it … dark. a) will get b) get c) got d) getting e) gets 82. We … our way when the moon … a) shall continuing / appear b) shall be continue / appears c) shall continues / appear d) shall continue / appears e) shall be continued / appear 83. If you … the clock, it … good time. a) clean / will keeps b) will clean / will keep c) clean / keep d) clean / will keeping e) clean / will keep
84. I found a flat on my own … last year. a) in b) on c) nothing d) for e) during 85. While the waiter … up the broken plates, he … his finger. a) was picking / was cutting b) picking / was cutting c) was picking / cutting d) picked / cut e) was picking / cut 86. “My car isn’t working”. a) “Ask Joe to look at it. He … you. b) will help c) is going help d) is going to help e) helps f) is helping 87. We arrived … three o’clock … Sunday evening. a) on / at b) on / on c) at / in d) at / on e) at / nothing 88. I … round and … Paula. a) turned / saw b) was turning / seeing c) turned / was seeing d) was turn / saw e) turned / seeing 89. My wife … football but I … it. a) likes / love b) does not like / love c) do not like/ love d) does not like / does not love e) does not liked / loved 90. There are three trains in the afternoon. There are five trains in the morning. a) There are as many trains in the afternoon as in the morning.
b) There are far more trains in the afternoon than in the morning c) There are much trains in the afternoon as in the morning d) There are fewer trains in the afternoon than in the morning e) There are fewer trains in the afternoon as in the morning 91. Let’s stop before it … dark. a) will get b) get c) got d) getting e) gets 92. It will happen … midnight … 31 of December. a) in, on b) at, in c) at, on d) in, at e) at, at 93. Wear your boots. It is … a) snows b) snow c) snowing d) snowed e) been snowing 94. I am unemployed. I don’t have … a) money b) job c) house d) villa e) vacation 95. You … quite slowly. a) usually walking b) walk usually c) usually walk d) usually walks e) are usually walking 96. Stop! Don’t you see the notice? I … but I can’t read it because I … glasses. a) see / am wearing b) seeing / am wear c) seeing / am not wearing d) see / am not wear e) see / am not wearing
97. Choose the correct variant: a) Who does want a cup of coffee? b) Who do want a cup of coffee? c) Who does wants a cup of coffee? d) Who wanting a cup of coffee? e) Who wants a cup of coffee? 98. Who … you the news? a) did tell b) did telling c) told d) telling e) did told 99. Who …. the football match last night? a) winning b) won c) did win d) did won e) did winning 100. Why … so popular? a) it is b) does it c) do it d) is it e) are it 101. Who … the answer? a) know b) knows c) does know d) does knowing e) knowing 102. I … computer games. a) play often b) often play c) often playing d) playing often e) often plays 103. I’ll meet you at the cinema … 8.30. a) in b) on
c) at d) – e) To 104. Pip often goes abroad … the winter. a) in b) on c) at d) – e) To 105. Bob moved to New York … the 1970s. a) in b) on c) at d) – e) to 106. My cat sleeps on my bed … night. a) in b) on c) at d) – e) to 107.What is the song … a) you listen to? b) you listening to? c) you are listening to? d) you listens to? e) do you listen to? 108. Paul! … to me? a) Are you listening b) Do you listen c) You are listening d) Do listen you e) Listening 109. What languages …? a) do you speak b) do you speaking c) are you speaking d) you are speaking e) you speak
110. Choose the correct variant: a) Are you liking coffee? b) Do like you coffee? c) Are you like coffee? d) Do you liking coffee? e) Do you like coffee? 111. … US president was Abraham Lincoln, who was 1m 93. a) the taller b) the tallest c) tallest d) the tall e) taller 112. Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah is the world’s … monarch. a) rich b) richer c) richest d) the richest e) the rich 113. King Louis XIV was King for … time: 72 years! a) the longest b) longest c) the longer d) longer e) the long 114. When Titanic hit the iceberg people … in the ballroom a) danced b) dance c) were dancing d) dancing e) was dancing 115. When Neil Armstrong first walked on the Moon other astronauts … inside Apollo 11. a) sat b) were sitting c) are sitting d) were sat e) sitted 116. Jane … another guest who … the same hat! a) saw / was wearing
b) c) d) e)
saw / wore was seeing / was wearing saw / worn was seeing / wore
117. My mother … me when I … dinner. a) phoned / prepared b) phoned / prepared c) phoned / preparing d) phoned / was preparing e) phoned / was prepared 118. Choose the correct variant: a) Who is sitting at the window? b) Who is sit at the window? c) Who sit at the window? d) Who are sit at the window? e) Who not sitting at the window? 119. Choose the correct variant: a) My friend’s flat is the third floor. b) My friend’s flat is on third floor c) My friend’s flat is on the third floor d) My friend’s flat is at the third floor e) My friend’s flat is on the three floor 120. Choose the correct variant: a) Every day I do my homework. b) Every day I doing my homework c) Every day I am doing my homework d) Every day I not do my homework e) Every day I have do my homework 121. We do not have classes … afternoon … Mondays a) in the / on b) on the / in c) in the / at d) in / on e) on / on 122. Choose the correct variant: a) It too late go for a walk, stay at home b) It too is late to go for a walk, stay at home c) It is too late to go for a walk, stay at home d) It is too late go for a walk, stay at home e) It is too lately go for a walk, stay at home
123. Choose the correct variant: a) It quite possible for him to forget her telephone number. b) It is quite possible for him to forget her telephone number. c) It quite is possible for him to forget her telephone number. d) It is quite possible for him forget her telephone number. e) It is quite possibility for him to forget her telephone number. 124. Choose the correct variant: a) He is free always at this time b) He is free always on this time c) He always is free at this time d) He is free always in this time e) He is always free at this time 125. Choose the correct variant: a) Before and after classes our laboratory is full always of students. b) Before and after classes our laboratory is always full students. c) Before and after classes our laboratory always full of students. d) Before and after classes our laboratory always full students. e) Before and after classes our laboratory is always full of students. 126. Choose the correct variant: a) In England rains more often than snows. b) In England it rains more often than snows. c) In England it rains more often than it snows. d) In England rains more often than it snows. e) In England it raining more often than it snowing. 127. Where … this magazine? A friend of mine .. it to me yesterday. a) got you / gave b) did you got / gave c) did you get / give d) you got / did give e) did you get / given 128. Choose the correct variant: a) Is it raining still? I must be going. b) Is still it raining? I must be going. c) Is it still rain? I must be going. d) Is it still raining? I must be going. e) Is it rain still? I must be going. 129. It … from 2 till 4 o’clock the day before yesterday. a) were raining b) was raining
c) rain d) raining e) was rained 130. Choose the correct variant: a) It was getting dark and a large bright moon appearing in the sky. b) It was get dark and a large bright moon appeared in the sky. c) It getting dark and a large bright moon appeared in the sky. d) It was getting dark and a large bright moon appeared in the sky. e) It was getting dark and a large bright moon appear in the sky. 131. Choose the correct variant: a) Can you show me the more short way to the station? b) Can you show me the more shortest way to the station? c) Can you show me the shortest way to the station? d) Can you show me the more short way to the station? e) Can you show me the shorter way to the station? 132. Such weather … for skating. a) will not good b) will not be good c) will good d) will better e) will be good 133. They … hungry if they … a meal now. a) will not be / have b) will be not / will have c) are not / will have d) will / have e) will /will have 134. It … difficult to find the way to the station when it … dark. a) will / get b) will be/ get c) will being / gets d) will be / gets e) will /gets 135. She … at her project from early morning till late at night tomorrow. a) will working b) will be working c) is working d) works e) be working
136. When … the Civil War …? a) was / ended b) did / end c) did/ ended d) was / end e) did / ending 137. How long … you to answer all the questions? a) was it take b) it took c) did it take d) did it took e) it take 138.The acting was poor but we enjoyed … a) the music b) music c) a music d) musics e) the musics 139. The furniture in my sister’s flat is more or less the same as in Tim’s. a) The furniture in my sister’s flat is smaller than in Tim’s flat. b) The furniture in my sister’s flat is similar to that in Tim’s flat. c) The furniture in my sister’s flat is unlike that in Tim’s flat. d) The furniture in my sister’s flat is more than that in Tim’s flat. e) The furniture in my sister’s flat is not like that in Tim’s flat. 140. Savewell supermarket has 2000 customers a day. Pricette supermarket has 1500 customers a day. a) Savewell supermarket has less customers than Pricette supermarket. b) Savewell supermarket has more customers than Pricette supermarket c) Savewell supermarket has fewer customers than Pricette supermarket d) Savewell supermarket has as many customers than Pricette supermarket. e) Savewell supermarket has as many customers as Pricette supermarket. 141. There are three trains an hour in the afternoon. There are five trains in the morning. a) There are as many trains in the afternoon as in the morning. b) There are far more trains in the afternoon than in the morning c) There are much trains in the afternoon as in the morning d) There are fewer trains in the afternoon than in the morning e) There are fewer trains in the afternoon as in the morning 142. The Manor Hotel is $50 a night. The Park Hotel is $75 a night. a) The Manor Hotel isn’t as cheap as the Park Hotel.
b) The Manor Hotel isn’t as expensive as the Park Hotel. c) The Manor Hotel is as expensive as the Park Hotel. d) The Manor Hotel is as cheap as the Park Hotel. e) The Manor Hotel isn’t cheap as the Park Hotel. 143. He will come if he … free. a) will be b) was c) is d) were e) shall be 144. Let’s stop before it … dark. a) will get b) get c) got d) getting e) gets 145.Maurizio hopes to get a job as soon as he … university. a) finish b) will finish c) finishes d) would finish e) shall finish 146. I’ll play it to you next time … a) you come to my house b) you will come to my house c) you came to my house d) you coming to my house e) you don’t come to my house 147.We are meeting … 7.30 … the 6th of February. a) at, in b) at, on c) on, on d) in, on e) on, at 148. It will happen … midnight … 31 of December. a) in, on b) at, in c) at, on d) in, at e) at, at
149. I will be back … three weeks’ time. a) after b) during c) for d) at e) in 150. Stella found his behaviour … a) surprise b) surprising c) surprise d) not surprised e) have surprised 151.Your suggestions for the project are really … a) interested b) being interested c) interesting d) been interesting e) is interesting 152. Henry is … with his job. a) boring b) been bored c) born d) bored e) boot 153. Some parents thought the film Jurassic Park was too … for children under five years old. a) frightened b) frightening c) make frightened d) getting frightened e) become frightened 154. In the UK psychology … in universities but not usually in schools. a) is teaching b) teaching c) been taught d) taught e) is taught 155. Alcoholic drinks … to children under 16. a) are sold
b) are sell c) are sold d) are selling e) sold 156. The hole in my roof … next Friday. a) is being repaired b) will repair c) repairs d) will be repaired e) will repairing 157. The body of a young man … in the river yesterday. a) will be found b) was found c) were found d) would be found e) found 158. There has been an extraordinary … in computer design over the last 20 years. a) improved b) improvement c) improvetion d) improve e) impovization 159. There’s a lot of … between mobile phone companies. a) competence b) competition c) compete d) complete e) completion 160. After the video broke down for the fifth time, Diane … to buy a new one. a) divided b) decide c) decided d) decision e) deciding 161. There is a shop in the main street which sells very good sports … a) equip b) equipment c) equiption
d) equipped e) equips 162. I saw an … in the newspaper for a vacuum cleaner that does not need a bag. a) advertisement b) advertise c) addition d) adventure e) art 163. What … you do if someone tried to rob you in the street? a) shall b) would c) will d) did e) have 164. Greg felt terrified because … before. a) he has never flown before b) he had never flown before c) he would never flown before d) he never flown before e) he never flow before 165. Geoff … his parents for fifteen years so he … rather nervous in he airport. a) saw / felt b) had not see / felt c) did not seen / feel d) had not seen / feel e) had not seen / felt 166. The jazz singer … an old blue that I … before. a) sing / had never heard b) sang / had never heard c) sing / had never heard d) sings / had never heard e) sang / has never heard 167. Are you traveling alone? a) He asked me if I traveled alone. b) He asked me if I am travelling alone. c) He asked me if I travel alone. d) He asked me if I was traveling alone. e) He asked me if I was traveled alone.
168. How long will you be in the country? a) He asked me how long I would be in the country. b) He asked me how long would I be in the country. c) He asked me how long I would been in the country. d) He asked me how long I would being in the country. e) He asked me how long I would in the country. 169. Find the right variant: a) When did you moved there? b) When have you moved there? c) When you moved there? d) When have moved you there? e) When did you move there? 170. Find the right variant: a) I have been working here since fifteen years. b) I have been worked here since fifteen years. c) I have been working here for fifteen years. d) I have working here since fifteen years. e) I have working here for fifteen years. 171. What time do the banks close? a) I don’t know what time do the banks close. b) I don’t know what time the banks close. c) I don’t know what time have the banks close. d) I don’t know what is time the banks close. e) I don’t know what time did the banks close. 172. Which hotel did you suggest? a) I can’t remember which hotel you will suggest. b) I can’t remember which hotel you suggested. c) I can’t remember which hotel you will suggest. d) I can’t remember which hotel did you suggest. e) I can’t remember which you hotel suggest. 173. When was the town founded? a) Could you tell me when the town founded. b) Could you tell me when was the town founded. c) Could you tell me when the town found. d) Could you tell me when the town was founded. e) Could you tell me when the town was found. 174. Did it rain here yesterday? a) Do you remember that rain yesterday? b) Do you remember if rain yesterday?
c) Do you remember if it rain yesterday? d) Do you remember if it rained yesterday? e) Do you remember that it rain yesterday? 175. Do they still build ships in Scotland? Make the active sentence passive: a) Are they still building ships in Scotland? b) Are ships still build in Scotland? c) Are ships still built in Scotland? d) Were they still build ships in Scotland? e) Are they still build ships in Scotland? 176. The Chinese invented printing. Make the active sentence passive: a) Printing has been invented by Chinese. b) Printings were invented by Chinese. c) Printing had been invented by Chinese. d) Printing was invented by Chinese. e) Printings have been invented by Chinese. 177. You mustn’t take photographs in the museum. Make the active sentence passive: a) Photographs mustn’t taken in the museum. b) Photographs mustn’t take in the museum. c) Photographs mustn’t be took in the museum d) Photographs mustn’t be taken in the museum e) Photographs mustn’t been taken in the museum 178. If the car has an alarm, they can’t steal it. Make the active sentence passive: a) If the car has an alarm, it can’t be stolen. b) If the car has an alarm, it can’t stolen. c) If the car has an alarm, it can be stolen. d) If the car has an alarm, it could be stolen. e) If the car has an alarm, it can’t been stolen. 179. I left college … 2002. a) on b) in c) at d) after e) when 180. What are you doing … next Thursday? a) on
b) c) d) e)
in at – any
181. Police do not have a good description of the men because they…masks. a) wearing b) was wearing c) wear d) were wearing e) worn 182. If I … decorating the living room, I … with you. a) finish / come b) will finish / come c) finish / will come d) will finish / came e) finishing / come 183. If the weather in Scotland … , I … on holiday there. a) were better / will go b) will be better / would go c) was better / would go d) were better / would go e) were better / will go 184. She … English since she … university five years ago. a) has taught / has left b) has been teaching / has left c) has teaching / has left d) has teaching / left e) has been teaching / left 185. The school closed and I … redundant. a) told b) was told c) made d) was make e) was made 186. A funny thing …while I … in Madrid. a) happened / was worked b) happened / was working c) happened / worked d) was happened / worked e) happened / work
187. I … a car accident. a) have just been seeing b) just seen c) have just seen d) have just see e) have just seeing 188. The weather forecast was wrong again, … ? a) was it? b) wasn’t it? c) was this? d) was there? e) wasn’t this? 189. “We … since six o’clock,” she said. a) have wait b) have been wait c) have been waiting d) have waiting e) have be waiting 190. Spring begins … March. a) on b) in c) at d) – e) any 191. I have been studying English … I was 11 years old. a) for b) since c) under d) after e) though 192. They plan a big celebration to mark the start of the Olympics. Make the active sentence passive: a) A big celebration planned to mark the start of the Olympics. b) A big celebration is planning to mark the start of the Olympics c) A big celebration has planned to mark the start of the Olympics d) A big celebration was planned to mark the start of the Olympics e) A big celebration is plan to mark the start of the Olympics. 193. Do you think aliens will ever visit the earth? a) Do you think the Earth will be ever visited by aliens?
b) c) d) e)
Do you think the Earth will ever be visited by aliens? Do you think the Earth will been ever visited by aliens? Do you think the Earth will be ever visit by aliens? Do you think the Earth will ever visited by aliens?
194. I … recently. a) will be promoted b) has been promoted c) promotes d) have promote e) have been promoted 195. If someone … me a well-pain job in Italy or Greece, I … it. a) offer / take b) offers / will take c) offers / would take d) offer / will take e) offer / took 196. If I … better tomorrow, I … go to school. a) feel / go b) felt / will go c) fell / will go d) feels /will go e) feel / would go 197. Choose the correct variant: a) Did John ever go to Paris? b) Has John ever go to Paris? c) Does John ever been to Paris? d) Has John ever go to Paris? e) Does John ever go to Paris? 198. The Prime Minister in Britain … a) has resigned. b) has been resigned c) has being resigned d) resign e) did resign 199. If we … out of money, we ... a job. a) run / get b) ran / will get c) run / got d) run / will get e) ran/ getting
200. If I … a million, I … go round the world. a) had / would have b) had / would b) c) had had / would c) have / would d) had / had 201. Lucy lives in Scotland and she … Scottish. a) must be b) must have c) must be being d) must do e) must being 202. I … to go home early. a) may b) might c) can d) have e) having 203. You … very cold when you were out skiing. a) must be b) must have c) must have been d) must been e) must being 204. She … 20 cigarettes a day. a) smoke b) smokes c) is smoking d) smoking e) will smoking 205. What time did you go to bed … night? a) at last b) on last c) in last d) last e) for last 206. Choose the correct variant: a) When ends this lesson? b) When does this lesson ends?
c) When does this lesson end? d) When does this lesson end? e) When does end this lesson? 207. Our train leaves at 7.00, …? a) does it b) doesn’t this? c) doesn’t train? d) does it? e) doesn’t it? 208. “Do you like living alone?” she asked me? a) She asked me if I like living alone. b) She asked me if I like living alone. c) She asked me if I like living alone. d) She asked me if I like living alone. e) She asked me if I like living alone. 209. She … English since she … university five years ago. a) has taught / has left b) has been teaching / has left c) has teaching / has left d) has teaching / left e) has been teaching / left 210. The school closed and I … redundant. a) was told b) told c) made d) was make e) was made 211. What time do the banks close? a) I don’t know what time do the banks close? b) I don’t know what time the banks close? c) I don’t know what time have the banks close? d) I don’t know what is time the banks close? e) I don’t know what time did the banks close? 212. Which hotel did you suggest? a) I can’t remember which hotel you will suggest. b) I can’t remember which hotel you suggesting. c) I can’t remember which hotel you suggested. d) I can’t remember which hotel did you suggest. e) I can’t remember which you hotel suggest.
213. When was the town founded? a) Could you tell me when the town founded. b) Could you tell me when was the town founded. c) Could you tell me when the town found. d) Could you tell me when the town was founded. e) Could you tell me when the town was found. 214. Did it rain here yesterday? a) Do you remember those rain yesterday? b) Do you remember if rain yesterday? c) Do you remember if it rain yesterday? d) Do you remember if it rained yesterday? e) Do you remember that it rain yesterday? 215. If we … out of money, we ... a job. a) run / will get b) ran / will get c) run / got d) run / get e) ran/ getting 216. If I … a million, I … go round the world. a) had / would have b) had / would c) had had / would d) have / would e) had / had 217. You mustn’t take photographs in the museum. Make the active sentence passive: a) Photographs mustn’t taken in the museum. b) Photographs mustn’t take in the museum. c) Photographs mustn’t be took in the museum. d) Photographs mustn’t be taken in the museum. e) Photographs mustn’t been taken in the museum. 218. If the car has an alarm, they can’t steal it. Make the active sentence passive: a) If the car has an alarm, it can’t be stolen. b) If the car has an alarm, it can’t stolen. c) If the car has an alarm, it can be stolen. d) If the car has an alarm, it could be stolen. e) If the car has an alarm, it can’t been stolen. 219. I left college … 2002. a) on
b) c) d) e)
in at after when
220. What are you doing …next Thursday? a) on b) in c) at d) – e) any 221. I started my new job … last Monday. a) on b) in c) at d) – e) any 222. If I … decorating the living room, I … with you. a) finish / come b) will finish / come c) finish / will come d) will finish / came e) finishing / come 223. If the weather in Scotland …, I … on holiday there. a) were better / will go b) will be better / would go c) was better / would go d) were better / would go e) were better / will go 224. She … English since she …university five years ago. a) has taught / has left b) has been teaching / has left c) has teaching / has left d) has teaching / left e) has been teaching / left 225. The school closed and I … redundant. a) told b) was told c) made d) was make e) was made
226. A funny thing …while I ...in Madrid. a) happened / was worked b) happened / was working c) happened / worked d) was happened / worked e) happened / work 227. I … a car accident. a) have just been seeing b) just seen c) have just seen d) have just see e) have just seeing 228. The weather forecast was wrong again, …? a) was it? b) wasn’t it? c) was this? d) was there? e) wasn’t this? 229. The sun … in its axis once every 27 days. a) rotates b) chains c) estimates d) equals e) predominates 230. The … of light is expressed in meters per second. a) strength b) speed c) acceleration d) length e) inertia 231. Hydrogen is the … element in all stars. a) surrounding b) predominant c) trace d) undetected e) extinguishing 232. It has been … if a pound of matter could be entirely converted into energy, the amount of energy would be … to the burning of 1,500,000 tons of coal. a) estimated / shown
b) estimating / equal c) estimates / equals d) estimated / equal e) estimating / equals 233. The approximate age of our Solar System … by the radioactive method is about 4.5-5 thousand million years. a) is estimated b) as estimated c) was estimated d) estimating e) estimate 234. Worlds entirely made of anti-matter may well … somewhere in the universe. a) flow b) exist c) divide d) contain e) create 235. Is it difficult … one state of matter from the other? a) to discover b) to distinguish c) to disseminate d) to draw e) to divide 236. Gamma rays are much more … than beta particles. a) massive b) heavier c) penetrating d) bombarding e) rotating 237. The situation was … Nobody could do anything to help. a) hopeful b) hopeless c) hope d) hopeness e) hopable 238. His plan to become a millionaire by the age of thirty wasn’t very … a) success b) succession
c) succeed d) successful e) successing 239. Thank you very much for the information. You have been very … a) helpful b) help c) helping d) helpless e) helpable 240. Radioactivity … in 1896 by a French scientist Henry Becquerel. a) was made b) was created c) was supplied d) was accelerated e) was discovered 241. Alchemists tried … gold from a mixture of common substances. a) assume b) obtain c) attract d) repel e) deviate 242. Atoms can be neutral and positively or negatively … a) called b) created c) corned d) charmed e) charged 243. The proton carries a positive electric charge equal and … to that of the electron. a) analogue b) different c) varied d) opposite e) orthogonal 244. Atoms are capable of combinations but the number of combinations is ... a) infinite b) finite c) final d) round e) smooth
245. Although the number of species is finite, the number of atoms of each species is … . a) unnatural b) uncovered c) unmoved d) unbounded e) unlimited 246. Cavendish’s method of investigating the law of force between charges has … than Coulomb’s. a) much precision b) high precision c) far higher precision d) precision e) low precision 247. Four-element theory … by ancient philosophers was of interest for later scientists. a) discovered b) assumed c) arranged d) developed e) depleted 248. The laboratory offers a means of illustrating physical principles and their … in real situations. a) application b) appointment c) arrival d) approximation e) approval 249. Because positrons and electrons have opposite charge, the crests of the “electron’ sine waves decelerate positrons while the … accelerate them. a) maxima b) heights c) summits d) valleys e) plains 250. The first experiment … with the new beam was a precise comparison of positron-proton and electron-proton scattering. a) assumed b) carried out c) created
d) rotated about e) smoothed with 251. The Hofstadter experiments were of such fundamental importance that Hofstadter … the Nobel prize for physics. a) was accepted b) was awarded c) was found d) was described e) was deprived 252. It is hard to imagine that nuclei could be anything else, but the truth is that … are spherical. a) little b) few c) fine d) square e) smooth 253. The … of a number is a quantity which multiplied by itself two times gives the number. a) square root b) fourth root c) cube root d) twice root e) double root 254. Dopler shift is a change in … of an electromagnetic radiation caused by the motions of atoms in the line of sight. a) rotation b) frequency c) infinity d) roundness e) saturation 255. If all angles in a triangle are equal to 600, its … have equal length. a) means b) sides c) squares d) rounds e) directions 256. Uranium and thorium are in the course of time … into lead. a) broken
b) flown c) thrown d) transformed e) seen 257. Dark surface of the earth is a good … of heat. a) absorber b) absorbing c) absorbed d) absorb e) absorbs 258. Air as a gas expands when heated and contract when … a) warmed b) cooled c) boiled d) fried e) saved 259. Sea water can be considered as a potential … of metals to be needed in future. a) top b) wall c) grow d) round e) source 260. When coal burns, … energy is produced. a) nuclear b) solar c) chemical d) heat e) electrical 261. The average kinetic energy of motion of molecules determines … of the body. a) speed b) location c) color d) temperature e) size 262. Loosing an electron a neutral lead atom becomes … charged. a) negative b) positive
c) negatively d) positively e) twice 263. One must be very careful when working with radioactive … a) substances b) services c) stars d) souvenirs e) smiles 264. Normal carbon has an atomic weight of 12, its … consists of six protons and six neutrons. a) nucleus b) nuclei c) atom d) atomic e) sphere 265. The number of sunspots … from year to year. a) jumps b) changes c) glows d) rotates e) knows 266. All matter is known … of molecules. a) to consist b) to make c) to make d) to grow e) to develop 267. I expected him … the problem in detail. a) consider b) to consider c) considering d) considered e) consideration 268. Isaac Newton lived in a period when toxic effects of chemicals … less understood. a) have been b) was c) had been
d) did e) were 269. This chemist usually … at very interesting problems. a) work b) has worked c) is working d) had worked e) works 270. The laboratory … very good ventilating-hoods. a) has b) is c) has been d) was e) had been 271. We know that matter … as solids, liquids or gases. a) existed b) will exist c) exist d) would exist e) exists 272. I went out without … money. a) some b) some c) no 273. “Who’s there?” - “ …” a) It’s me. b) It is I. c) I. 274. Although he felt very …, he smiled … . a) angrily, friendly b) angry, friendly c) angry, in a friendly way 275. I … to America. a) have often been b) often have been c) have been often
276. My mother … my birthday. a) always forgets b) always is forgetting c) forgets always 277. How many brothers and sisters … ? a) are you have b) is you having c) do you have 278. I knew that he … waiting for somebody. a) is b) was c) would 279. … Gloria last week? a) Have you seen b) Did you see c) Were you seeing 280. As soon as she came in I knew I … her before. a) have seen b) saw c) had seen 281. This picture … by a friend of my mother’s. a) is painting b) is painted c) was painting d) was painted 282. Can you … ? a) make me some tea b) make some tea for me c) make to me some tea 283. I went to London … clothes. a) for buy b) for to buy c) for buying d) to buy 284. You can’t live very long without … . a) to eat
b) eat c) eating d) you eat 285. I enjoy … , but I wouldn’t like … it all my life. a) to teach, to do b) teaching, doing c) to teach, doing d) teaching, to do 286. Her parents don’t want … married. a) her to get b) her get c) that she get d) that she gets 287. I’m not sure what … . a) do they want? b) do they want. c) they want. 288. The policeman … me not to park there. a) instruct b) is saying c) told d) ask 289. I … you if you … that again. a) hit, say b) will hit, will say c) hit, will say d) will hit, say 290. It would be nice if we … a bit more room. a) would have b) had c) have 291. I wonder if John … this evening. a) will phone b) phones 292. I look forward … you soon. a) seeing b) to seeing c) see
293. If you have trouble going to sleep, try … a glass of milk before bedtime. a) drinking b) to drink c) drink 294. If you were ever in trouble, I would give you all the help you … . a) will need b) would need c) need d) needed 295. I wish I … more time. a) had b) have c) would have d) will have 296. Can you finish the job … Friday? a) till b) until c) by d) to 297. Who … the window? a) open b) did opened c) opens d) opened 298. There aren’t … for everybody. a) chairs enough b) enough chairs c) enough of chairs 299. Ann and Peter phone … every day. a) them b) themselves c) themself d) each other 300. Why … ? a) those men are laughing b) are laughing those men c) are those men laughing d) are those man laughing
CONTENTS The Present Indefinite Tense ......................................................................... 3 The Present Continuous Tense ...................................................................... 6 Present Simple / Present Continuous ............................................................. 7 Modal Verbs .................................................................................................. 10 Who, which, what, that .................................................................................. 14 Much/many .................................................................................................... 15 Few, little ....................................................................................................... 16 The Gerund .................................................................................................... 17 Degrees of Comparison of Adjectives and Adverbs .................................... 18 The Past Indefinite Tense .............................................................................. 23 The Past Continuous Tense ........................................................................... 25 Past Continuous / Past Indefinite ................................................................... 26 The Future Indefinite Tense ........................................................................... 26 Future Actions in “when / if – clauses” ......................................................... 27 The Future Continuous Tense........................................................................ 30 Future Continuous / Future Simple ............................................................... 30 Future Perfect / Future Simple ...................................................................... 31 Future Simple / Future Perfect / Future Continuous .................................... 32 Future Indefinite / Future-in-the-Past ........................................................... 32 The Present Perfect Tense ............................................................................. 33 Present Perfect / Past Simple ........................................................................ 34 For / Since / Ago ............................................................................................ 36 The Past Perfect Tense ................................................................................... 36 Past Perfect / Past Simple............................................................................... 37 Past Perfect / Present Perfect ........................................................................ 38 Sequence of Tenses ........................................................................................ 39 Direct / Indirect Speech.................................................................................. 44 The Passive Voice .......................................................................................... 47 Disjunctive Questions .................................................................................... 51 Articles .......................................................................................................... 54 Plural .............................................................................................................. 55 Prepositions .................................................................................................... 56 Word Order .................................................................................................... 58 Pronouns ......................................................................................................... 60 124
Model Tests Test 1 .............................................................................................................. 64 Test 2 .............................................................................................................. 67 Test 3 .............................................................................................................. 68 Test 4 .............................................................................................................. 70 Test 5 .............................................................................................................. 71 Test 6 .............................................................................................................. 72 Test 7 .............................................................................................................. 73 Test 8 .............................................................................................................. 74 Test 9 .............................................................................................................. 75 Test 10 ............................................................................................................ 76 Test 11 ............................................................................................................ 77 Test 12 ............................................................................................................ 78 Test 13 ............................................................................................................ 79
Sarsekenova Venera Zhakenovna Tastemirova Balkiya Iskakovna Strautman Lidiya Evgenyevna GRAMMAR TASKS FOR INDEPENDENT WORK OF STUDENTS ON THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE (Elementary, Pre-Intermediate, Intermediate levels) Educational-methodical manual Выпускающий редактор Г. Бекбердиева Компьютерная верстка Т.Е. Сапарова Дизайн обложки: Р.Е. Скаков
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