Exposing the lies of Basil Davidson about Angola

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UNJ ITA NAT IONAL

UN : ION

FOR TOTAL INDEPENDENCE DF ANGOLA

D a tAs . J8nu a ry 1971 P l a c e s .F ro eL and o f Ango l a C en t r a1 B a s e ion NO 2 R eg ANGOLA F rom : . ThR P r e s i d e n to f UN ITA

EXPDSING THE LIES DF S:< AS IL DAV IDSON! ABOUT ANGOLA

F u r t h e r en q u i r i e s : UN ' ITA Office

25 O sor ing R Road LONDO i \11, N .W . 5 ENGLAND

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D e a r S i r , , .. . ; .! . .

Ih a v ep r e v i o u s 1 yr e s i s t e d· t h et em p t a t i o nt og i v e UN ITA ' s v i ew s on a r t i c l e sp u b l i s h e di ny d u rN ew s p a p e r , L e Mond e Diploma~ t i q u e ,' by M r . B a s i 1 D a v i d s o n . It h i n know t h a tm · y p · e r s o n a 1c o n • t r i b u t i o nwou1d c e r t a i n l yb et h ew i s ho fy o u r rea~ers, s i n c eM rJ B a s i lD a v i d s o n.i na na r t i c 1 ep u b l i s h e d· on 2 5 t h· Nov emb e r 1 9 7 0i n d i r~ctly r e q u e s t e dmy p a r t i c i p a t i o n .

B e f o r ee i a b o r a t i n gmy re~1y, I wou1d l i k et os t r e s st h ed e s t r u c t i v en a t u r eo fs u c hd i s . c u s s i o n s1 .1 Jh en on eo ft h e "p a r t i a si n v o l v e db e g i n st omake ' ?c~Jsations a s s~rious · a st h d s em ad e by M r . B a s i lD a v i d s o n . · . / ;

In ':· Angol~ _ t h em q s t impor t~ nt a n d d ~ 1icate , P tob1 e r i ii st h a to f u n i f i c a t i o no ft h ea l lnatio ~a list f o r 6 e s.who rio~bat P o r t u g u e s a o l o n i a 1 i sm~nd i t sa g e n t s . A n y t h i n g th~t h e 1 p st h i su n i f i c a t i o n ." c w ou1d:n o to n l yb ed e s i r a b l eb u tw o u l d . be · ~y } far t h emo s t e f f i c i e n t c o n t r i b u t i o nt h a tc o u l db e giv~n t oo~r _ fi ~ ht : a n d strug~1e i ng e n e ral f o rt h e emancipatlo~ o f t~e Afiic a ~ p S o ~ 1ªs w~o a r e· st i l lu n d e r c o l o n i a lr u l e ~ ' :·I fm y le~te~ f q l l ow s tho s~--- ge.Ae~a~ l i n e s, o n l yt h e n c a ni td e s e r v e· p u b i i ca t i b l ' l . · ,_ ; . ·· , . · '· :An~yo~ é~ --~ho c~te -hú'l y h a s r~ad a ny o fB a s i i: D a v i d s o n 's a r t i c 1F !S i nE ngl ish, ·"- rre-nc.~ -. · sw e·d iB~ -:-n-8u\spapers l a . n r pma g é ! z i n ê sw i l l have . imm ed ia t e l yn o t i c e dh is' ;p a r , t i s a n a n dr é o n t r a â " i c f o t yt o n e . . . . . ... . , .



( Wh a t ;- a~_e : t h e _f act~ - a b ou t· s a s i lD a v i d s o n L ie s ?)

1 )M r •.B a s i lD a v i d s o n.; say " "s t h a the v is i t e dMU IE wh i c h, h es a ys, is i nt h e .c en t re o f.M o x i c o . T h i s i sau i te w r o n g , f a l s e ,b e c a u s e i nf a c tMu i e i si nt h eS o u t hb f Mox i co on t h e border~ o fM o xi c o a n d Cuando-Cubang~ ( s e eM~ p o f Ango la, 1 9 6 6 ,E d i c a od aJ u n t a d aI n v e s t i _ g a c a . o do U l t r am a r. ,1 \ ' l is s a oG e o g r a f i c a d e.A ngol?-, Apo io G e o d e s i c o eC a r t o g r a f i c o ) . I ti st r u et .o .s a yt h a t .i nE u r o p e pub1 ic op in ion is very ~ nvp 1ve' c f· inthe s . ocia1 strugg1es o f their · ~wn c o u n t r i e s, b u tf r r omt im et ot im ei n t e r e s ti sshown i nA f r i · ~an , problems . H owev e r ,t h i sd r i e sn o tg ive M r . B a s i lD a v i d s o n _ {or any o : ther person o · ro rgan iza tion) the righ t to . exp1o it the . i g n o r a n c eo ft h eE u r o p e a np u b 1 i co p i n i o n on A f r i c a· np r o b l em s . ;On thecontrary~ he-shou l dt r yt oi n f o rmo b j e c t iV e ty a n d nev e r tD d e f o rm t h er e a l i t y .Ther e f o r e ,I a p p e a lt ot h es t a f fo fy o u r r e s p e c t e dN ew sp ap e r' ·L e Mond e D i p 1 om a t i J u e , t ot r yt oi n f o rm the Eu ropean o p inon. fu11y(and co rrec t1y about our s t _rugg1e, b e c a u s e11 o n l yt r u t hi sre~olutionary".

J

( c o n t .le t t e rt oL eM o n d e Di~!~m~~~g u ~ )



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2). M r •.Ba si1 D av id s tm . f s . ve ry one sid8d about our s tru gg18 .w hen s p e a k so n l y abou t ~h e Um b u ndu s, Kimbu~dus, B akongo s , Mb unda s, z e s, e tc~ H e is c o n c 8 rm rô · ··w i t h ou rp eo p le' se f f o r t st o Lu cha o r g a n i ze t h em sel v e si nr e s i s t a n c em o vem en t s ag ai n s tc o l o n i a l opp re s si o no n ou r co~tin8nt, but he b r i n g sg r i s tt ot h em i l l o f ~ prth e id wh i ch does n o tr e c o g n i z eany na t i o n a l char a c t n r i nt h e as p i r a t i o n so ft h eA f r ic a n pG o p le s, j u sa st h o u g ht h 8 S c o t sa r en o tB r i t ish t o o .Wh en one re al i z es h ow f i er c el yt h e Bri ~ish o ppo sed t h es e c c ess i on o f Ea st N iger i a ,i ti sver y ~ifficult t os8 eh ow a B r i t i s hm a n can be com e an ap o l o g i s tf o r tT i b a l i smam o n g u s . T o redu co ou rs t r u g g le t ot h B ~lmen~ions o ft r i b a l ri v al r i e si nt h i sw a y, i st oa t t em p t t~ t r owgener a l d i s c r e d i t on ou re f f o r t s ,a sm u c h fo r MPLA a sf o rt h eo t her n a t i o nal i s t s .

3 )M r . B as i lD av i d s o ns p 8 aks o ft h e" s t r a tng i c "c o n t r o lo f MPLA . Su ch la nguag e wh i ch a t t em p t st osh nwt h a tMPLA ' c o n t r o l s9 o ft h e15 p r o v i n ce s( o r 10 o ft h e 15 p r o v i n ce sa c c o r d i n gt o t h e newa dm i n i s t r 3 . t i v e-id i v i s i o no f Angol ~ ) i so n l yp erm i s s i b l e t a . . . a-pa r t i s an journali~t, •. Bu t w e. f i n dv e r yh a r d to ,a c c e p t · ' · · f.r~orrr . an · En·glish C o l o n e l ( o f. t h e' Br i t i s h 'A rmy ) vJho ha s wo rk ed w i t h t h 8p a r t i s a nf o r c e s ,o : fM a r s h a l . T " i t ' o o f Y . u g u s l a v i 3 . . . .

-1 :

·Fo~ ' UNITA, c o n t r a , tru~ - ~o ntro o ft h eZ o nes ,t h el i b e rat i o no f vas tzones and t h es u b s 8 q u en tc r e a t i o no fb ase a r e a sc o n s i s t s o n l yo f" t a c t i c a l "c o n t : r o l . A· l i b Rr a t ed zone i son e in r .tA J h i c h t h eenomy can n o long e r ~ ~ e n e tr a t8~ f d rs h o u l d hn t r yt odo s o , :' he W ou ld l8 ave o n l yd e ad-m enand no ln ng e r. wou ld h ave_ t h ec o u r a c e · t :o -cón tinu8• Th e oppo sity o f th i si spure and si m p1e d em agogy , rd wh i ch i sno l o n g e ri no u rd i c t i o n ar y . a wo ; ,· ·

S t ra t8g i cc o n t r o l cer t a · i n l yE J x i s t s ,· b u to n l yi nt h 8 ;· : z o n es d i s .p u ted ·b yt h e en emy . T~ e d ay t h 3 .t ou rf o r c es and s u p p o r tam o n g t h e p ~ o~le ex cse d sa l lt h e_ enemY f o r c es ,t h i sc o h t r o l:imm nd i a t e l y becGJ·m o s ·t 3 . c t i c al .T8 ere f o r e,·o n l ym o vem en t sb a s e do u t s i de t h e ç o u n t t y can a l l ow t h em sel v e stoexer ta t mo s t a" s t r a tegi c " · control~ Fo r UN ITA ther e ~ is 3. gre~t ne ed t oes t qb l i s h ou r HOME i n- ~~ciola i t s e l f .I fi tb ec ame.nece s s a r ytom o ve f roms t r a teg i c c o n t r o lt ore al c o n t r o lwh i c b is t a c t i c al . · ! T h i s: 1 ( H t e r takos t h op lace o · fa r ii n v i t at i o nt c : iy o u rN ew s· p ap e r t· o r ; se r i d ·a .jou . r n a l i s tt o. ou rl i b e rat o d "a rea si na r de rt ocon f i rm a tf i r s thand t h e m ag n i t u de o f ou rs t rw g g l ean dt h er l im e n s i o n s o f ou rs u c c es son t h es p p t . W e know _tbat - ~r es sure h as be en ox . e r t e d_ tÇ Jp re . v . tJn tjot J rn al ü f t s ·f r om v i s i t i n go u r Ba s es i t J,Ango l a • E vei l ..t 'h eA f r i c a n L iberat i o n . Comm i t tee o f't h e O.A.U~ h' 3 s' o t buen, a b ld t os o n~ o6e~v e rs t ou ss oa st o~rop~g ~ t e t h el i es t th ~ r ~ _ ar ~ no l i n si na gR n u i ne rev 0 l u t i o n wh i ch Q f oth e ~s. Bu ca .n de s t r a yf t ss u c c es : ; ; ,n a t an yp re s su rP. g re · a t enou g t ; l toi n f l u en. . . ce i t sc o u r se tow ar d if i n a lv i c t o r y . .

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4} Int h e N ew s ta te sm an o f 30 O c t c ibR r 1 9 7 0 ,M r . B a s i lD av id son w r i te sa sf o l l ow s :" • • •Bu t i ti sa p rob lemi nAngo la wh e r e t h e o u n c i lo f Chu r chP . s (~CC), f o r nx amp le ,h a s tece n t l yg i ven W n r l d C ai dt o 't h r e e movem on t s . " ~X· D av i d son had m ad e at r i pt oS c a n d i n a v i a nc o u n t r i e si n196~~70 • A s a re s u l to ft h i sj o u r n ey i c h -w as u sed t odenigrad~ UN ITA i na r d e r tosupp o rt MPLA , t h e wh $25, 0 0 0US d o l lar swh i ch t h e Swed ish D em o c r a t i c Pa r t yp rom i sed u scvor b al l yand by a le t t e r rem ai n ed a de ad p r om i s e( l et t er) . We·fTnd · it ea sy t ounder s tand th3t whon M r . B a si1 ,D av i d sonspe ak s o ft h eW o r ldC o u n c i l o f Chu r che s, hewou ld l i k e ~ 11 t h em a ter i al holp (m onoy) t ogo s o l el yt oMPLA . Iam f o r ced t oro ad betw e en t h el i n es th a tt h 8 se a re M r . Ba si lD av id snn'st r u e mo t ive s. B u t ,

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( con t. L e IY londe D i p lom a tigu e)

I mus ta dmit t h a tw e w e r ea lso su r p r i s e d by th is ai d ,fo ri n s p i te o f ou r pol i cy o fa c c 8 p t i n qa ll a id w hen th e r e are no con d i t i on s at t ached ,t h e WC C ha s nevn rp rev iou sl ybP en ~ m o ng t h e l i s t o fo u r al l i e s. H is di s3 pp o intm ~ nt cor r r e s pond s exac t l yt o ou rs u r p ris e. Nn tu r:.=.l l y ,t h e WCC mus t.h ade re a s on s fo ra ss i s t i n q n o t on l y UN ITA b u t al s ot h e ot h s r an t i r ac i s tmovem en t s .B u t , . · rrem ind IYlr. Ba si lD av i dso nt h a tt h e re a re A f r i can L ib nr a tion IY lovem en ts wh i c h even if re cogni z e d by t h n -Af r ic : J .n L ~ '·~ -:1 -C o u n t r les h ~ v e n o t be en :J.i d od by t h e WCC . Shou l d Id oub t whet h e r ·M r . B as i lD àv i .dsi:m wC11 . J l 'd no t--s e ei nth is a ~d toUN ITA t h e hfl.n d o ft h e USf : \ .:-Ç _I_ f..__7.L~Jo ul d ask hi~ t oi n f orm h im sel fabou ti ta tt h e WCC i nG onP.va-S u i s s $ ·;. ..InUN ITA WB b ~ li e v e t h a tt h em os tso l i d ai dwh i ch press~t ~ s · or s ympfl.i h i es ~ ~ - th ~ t o f ou r own p eo p le .

do e s no t oboy M r . D av i d s o n c a n no t g iv ~ ~ thi a 3 i~ ~ o~a u se i tmus t be conque red b yf i g h t i n g w i t h i nt h e couritr~ RAd. ,t h iough e n o~ m~ rius sq c t i f i c es .B e c a ~s e o f t h i ss u p p o r tt oou r ~s~ pl e , t h e o ut~ia e w or l dwh i c h h ~ d dpn ied u s t h ei rai dand oven t h ei rlo g i s t i c ·sup~ort now so es i t s el f ._m o ral l y o b l i ged t o ·suppo rt u.s~ ?n . cau se w e rep r e sen t a fo r c e '3.n d dr:Jt r < rm in at i o h er ~ ' i s nsid e -_P.ng o l a • .W e" s n a 1L c 3r r yo n C R r· t ~ in of th e su p p o r to f óu r peop le .· : · . i . · · ·.·,-- . _, :, ' : , · · : . ..

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5 ) Int h o : sam ej o u r n al ,D avÚ i sO r i , ' sp e~ ks o . f "-IY lao s s t s ": := tnd .'o ft h e df r om th e Peop l 'es RepÚ t l li ' co f Ch in a' to -,_J the Af r ic an_ ~Li ber ' 3t . i o n ai Movem en t sw i t h an an t i -C h i nese tone w h i c h cou ld no t ~~ s t r on ge r Li s bon• No A frican m ovem 8n t c9n honesinWas · h ing tonor even ~ n_ tl~ s u p p o r th i sa f f i rm êt { 6n s , far le s st h e mPLA . T hR an t i -C h i nese t o n 8o fB as i lD av i dson~ s w r iti n g sa rn n o lo n ge r .i ndoubt ,an d f 6 rmy p ar tI bel i 8ve t h a t it i st h i ss p i r i twh i c h mo t ivat e d IY l r .B as i lD av i d s o n ' sj o u r n ey st oou r cou n t r y , t~ ~ t i s ,if he r e~ l ly w en tt h e re!• • •M r . D av i d son w an ted t ot a k~ p qr ti nt h e i d eo l o g i cal st r u g q l e wh i ch t o d ay di v i d es t h eS o c iql i s tWo r ld wh ich i~ - th b ~nl~ - c a mp t h A t can re1l l ys u p p o r tt h el i b P rA t i on m o vem en ti nA fr i c a an d 8l s ewhe re.

UN ITA h i . \S'i t s. own phii ~so phy, but i ti sVFJr y1'1-'rgBl y . __b -:~se d on . : t h e re v o l u t i o nar yp r i n c i p le s wh i c h h ~ v n al r n ady lri~~ ph s d i n : : . . · .: . . . . ~~~- _Jjl_b_p r ___~:'\_rts o ft h . o o W rl d . UN ITA ' ss t r u g g le is p::J.r t . o ft h i s · -· -·---·· ·--• -.I. :- -~--:~i.JJ~_d):()_g_~·c áT - s t r u g : g le--,=--f o rt h !'J . l.i q ui d.:_:=tt~ _g n . o f co1D f !l1 ) i smis PA r t _:__:';, o f· the g ~=i ri P. r a l s t . r . uqg lCJ ag ais . n t imP !=JI.: i 9. li s m~ H e ·:r :-o_ Ü = J-8--:'w qn tt o · · · e s t aol i s ht h r -'! i d e : : is· wh i ch c o r res p oncl· · t o. $c fu :1l p r ·"l.c f i c q l tn rm s _ __," t o' t h e • r e q u i rnm>}qt s ' . o f nu r struggl e-~3- nd . t oth h tru e--s o l i d ar i t y : a ft h e·pf 'wp les f i g h t i 'ng 21 g ~ i s nt imp e ri ~ lJ s m. T h i s, p -=ü c e su s · oh t h e sid e whe re w e a re. M r . B as i lD av i d s o n h ~ s ~ ~l eq rly shown wh ich s i d o he is o n , but t h e st r u g g le m u si no t bRt3k en l i qh t l y fo r tw o rr l a so n s: , .·. . ( -a ) I fUN ITA_ tri um p h s ,IY l r . B t:~s il D av i dson w i l l spp eqr as a s impl ~ . pl o tt e r i nt h q eyes o f th ~ w o r l d . , ~ · (b , )L H IT. -1 IS · ( !C.:T H ' .T. .r. 8--,si lD"' vi ~-n n 1 th Jnkn i ttr· - ~l ~ . )_ U i\J !T .~ seRs : r .cs el t " 'S t h e avan t gqr d eo ft h eP t o l ê t:J.r i :J.t i nAn go lq i nth is p hase o ft h e n1t i on al d em oc r q ti c revo l u t i on u n t i l s oci ~ li s m triu ~ ph s he re. 'VR . no ne eü f o rdefenc_iqn ts su ch H e re w e h" a sB asi l 'D av i d son w h,"J i j u s t ifie s 3n ti c omm u n ism t ot h e wo rldina r d e rt oob tgi nW es t e r n suppo rt fo rM PLA . F rom th n. aur l i n .n c8 w ith t h e -=w lV I ' ), -=Jft""r P.1 d is c r im i n " ' ! to ry con fe Popn(P rn n c eo rg1nizedu nd e rt h e aus p ices n fM OSCOW t ot h n ar tic les o fB a si lD 1v Í d son ,t h e r e is no th i ng but myst i f i cat i o~ f ro m ~ IYJPLA i nt n rm s o fi t sp ol i t i c a !o p t i on s.

(L e mond e D ip loma ti g u e) A s f o rm r . f fa s i lD av idson I s impl ys a yt h i s :a m a n w h o ha s a cqu i red a c e r t a i nr e p u t a t i o nh a s· al s r itak en on re s p ons i b i l i tie s ' and _ shou ld n o t le ad t h sp u b l i c ooin~on on fal s a tr~ils i nt h i s w a y w i t h·. im p u n i t y . T hs s t r u g g lRw i ll r ro tp a r . don h im · so m21ny l i e s, · · sc ' Jm any · p r e j j u d i c e s ,a · nd abo \ fE ! al i 's · amtJc~ i n v o lvRm E!n ti nt h e w rongip la c e. Int h i sf i g h tUN ITA W i l l o l a y it~ c a r d st o . t h B F IN ISH ,b e c a u s oi t ' i sa ques t i o no f ou rl i f R . Now i ti s m r . 1 B a s i lD av i d s o n ' st u r ntop l a y tot ~R · fi n i s ha lso. A s fo rm y sel fp er s o n al l y ,I h a v ~ nP.VR r be longed t omPLA . A s fo r my nu~ ero ~s : cont a cts w i t h t h em (mPLA ) o f wh i ch m r . D av i d s o ns p e a k s It h i n kt h a ti twou ld be dPs i r ab le f o rt h es ec o n ta ct st obe t a k en up a g a i r rso .t h a tWE!.c o u l da d v a n c e on t h er o~d t ou n i f i c at i on o f ou rr e s p ec t i v om dvnm e n t s . A s·f o rt h em o t i v e s wh i ch imp Rl l ed Z a~b ian au t ho ri t i e st oexpe1 m e f rom t h ei rc o u n t r yi n .1967 a f ter im~ris o ning m e f o rs i xd a y s w i t h o u t t r i a1 ,i ti sgo r id ~h a t m r . B a é~1 D av i d s o n shou1d h8V 8 d raw n ovorh as t1y conc1u sion s• ! sh A111 con ten t .m y sR1 f torR 1í-1g a to t h i saf f ai ro fh i s t o r i c a 1d imen s i o n st op o s t e r i t ya sp ar to f t h ot r u 8s t r u g : 1g1l-n w o ; arn w ag ing hr u o, on ctJ_ w E! h avo ta k l=m up o u r · a rm s . -···:-·.T he pE!o p le o f Chin ~ , K o re a and t h o hor o i cV~ o tnamPse pgop1o h avo t r i um p h ad bEJcaL J s: et h qy hAVf"l adop t ~Jd c . o rnH : : t r e v o 1uti ~> n a ry p r i n c i p i es fo r a1j t J s tstrugg"l o ~ T he b r o t , he r s'o fA 1 ger iRh avR w ri t t en , a' g l o r i n u s p ~ g~ . i nt h eh i s tor yo f ar~e d s t i u g g l eo ft h ew o ak ' p ~ opl o s o n ou rÇ n n t i non t . H srEJ w e do r io th av et ni n v en t mu ch u tw e can 'd a rw on t h e oxp er i en cEJs o ft h Ro t h e rp eop1n sw h o hA ve 'b w o n t h of i g h ti no t hR r r o glons~ . How ever ,UN ITY i nA n gn la r e m ~ ins t h o mos t power f u lt6o1 i nou rh and s ag ai s n tt h om anou ev res o ft h n c 1 o so and d i roc tenemy o r ag ais n tt h n di s t an t· ono my w ho p re fer s s u b t l ot yi nar d e rt oi n c r o ase àven f u r t h o rt h od i s sen t i o n si n t h o he ar to f ou r nat i o n al l i b o rat i o nm n vem on t .

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