Equity and trusts in Australia [Seventh edition.]
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EQUITY AND TRUSTS IN AUSTRALIA

Gino, Dal Pont. Equity and Trusts in Australia, Thomson Reuters (Professional) Australia Pty Limited, 2018. ProQuest Ebook Central, http://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/usyd/detail.action?docID=5602215. Created from usyd on 2019-07-06 20:27:59.

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Gino, Dal Pont. Equity and Trusts in Australia, Thomson Reuters (Professional) Australia Pty Limited, 2018. ProQuest Ebook Central, http://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/usyd/detail.action?docID=5602215. Created from usyd on 2019-07-06 20:27:59.

EQUITY AND TRUSTS IN AUSTRALIA G E DAL PONT Professor Faculty of Law, University of Tasmania

Copyright © 2018. Thomson Reuters (Professional) Australia Pty Limited. All rights reserved.

SEVENTH EDITION

LAWBOOK CO. 2019

Gino, Dal Pont. Equity and Trusts in Australia, Thomson Reuters (Professional) Australia Pty Limited, 2018. ProQuest Ebook Central, http://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/usyd/detail.action?docID=5602215. Created from usyd on 2019-07-06 20:27:59.

Published in Sydney by Thomson Reuters (Professional) Australia Limited ABN 64 058 914 668 19 Harris Street, Pyrmont, NSW 2009 First edition (Dal Pont and Chalmers) .....................................  1996 Second edition (Dal Pont and Chalmers)................................. 2000 Third edition (Dal Pont and Chalmers)..................................... 2004 Fourth edition (Dal Pont and Chalmers)................................... 2007 Fifth edition (Dal Pont)............................................................ 2011 Sixth edition (Dal Pont)........................................................... 2015 ISBN: 9780455241722

Copyright © 2018. Thomson Reuters (Professional) Australia Pty Limited. All rights reserved.

© 2019 Thomson Reuters (Professional) Australia Limited This publication is copyright. Other than for the purposes of and subject to the conditions prescribed under the Copyright Act, no part of it may in any form or by any means (electronic, mechanical, microcopying, photocopying, recording or otherwise) be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted without prior written permission. Inquiries should be addressed to the publishers. All legislative material herein is reproduced by permission but does not purport to be the official or authorised version. It is subject to Commonwealth of Australia copyright. The Copyright Act 1968 permits certain reproduction and publication of Commonwealth legislation. In particular, s 182A of the Act enables a complete copy to be made by or on behalf of a particular person. For reproduction or publication beyond that permitted by the Act, permission should be sought in writing. Requests should be submitted online at www.ag.gov. au/​cca, faxed to (02) 6250 5989 or mailed to Commonwealth Copyright Administration, Attorney-​General’s Department, Robert Garran Offices, National Circuit, Barton ACT 2600. Product Developer: Lucas Frederick Edited and typeset by Newgen KnowledgeWorks Pvt. Ltd., Chennai, India Printed by Ligare Pty Ltd, Riverwood, NSW

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Gino, Dal Pont. Equity and Trusts in Australia, Thomson Reuters (Professional) Australia Pty Limited, 2018. ProQuest Ebook Central, http://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/usyd/detail.action?docID=5602215. Created from usyd on 2019-07-06 20:27:59.

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PREFACE The sixth edition of this work saw release in 2015. Some four years later, a new edition is called for, if for no other reason than to take into account many intervening cases and statutory changes, coupled with the most recent academic and practitioner commentaries. Again the focus has extended beyond Australia, with reference made to recent cases, statutes and commentaries from other common law jurisdictions, the United Kingdom, Canada and New Zealand in particular. The elapsing of four years has witnessed a fine tuning of the law in some contexts, and more substantial incursions into the orthodoxy in others. In the Preface to the sixth edition, the prospect of doctrinal changes was foreshadowed by reason of remarks in Australian Financial Services and Leasing Pty Ltd v Hills Industries Ltd1 on the relationship between the defence of change of position and the law of estoppel. Yet the intervening time frame has been largely silent in this space. But at least so far as estoppel is concerned, the High Court in Crown Melbourne Ltd v Cosmopolitan Hotel (Vic) Pty Ltd2 took the opportunity to probe the parameters of a representation. And while in Kakavas v Crown Melbourne Ltd,3 the High Court had ostensibly sought to constrain the scope of the doctrine of unconscionable dealing, four years later it proved willing to invoke the doctrine in the face of a plaintiff who ignored legal advice to avoid the dealing in question.4 The prospect of attitudinal fluidity at the highest level also surfaced in the penalties sphere. Whereas the High Court in 2012 rejected the need for a breach of contract as a trigger for characterising a clause as a penalty,5 making it an outlier in the common law world, 2016 saw it (arguably severely) constrain the scope for triggering the penalty doctrine,6 in line with developments in England7 and (subsequently) in New Zealand.8 In another context, namely when it comes to the effects of illegality in trusts (and contracts too), English law has redirected itself in line with the Australian trajectory.9 The same may ensue from remarks of the English Supreme Court vis-​à-​vis parameters for compensation for breach of trust.10 While Australian law has resisted recognition of a privacy tort, following in the footsteps of the Victorian Court of Appeal in Giller v Procopets,11 a Western Australian judge in 2015 utilised the equitable doctrine of breach of confidence to provide monetary relief for the unauthorised publication on social media of sexual relations between the parties.12

1

Australian Financial Services and Leasing Pty Ltd v Hills Industries Ltd (2014) 253 CLR 560.

2

Crown Melbourne Ltd v Cosmopolitan Hotel (Vic) Pty Ltd (2016) 260 CLR 1.

3

Kakavas v Crown Melbourne Ltd (2013) 250 CLR 392.

4

Thorne v Kennedy (2017) 91 ALJR 1260.

5

Andrews v Australian and New Zealand Banking Group Ltd (2012) 247 CLR 205.

6

Paciocco v Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Ltd (2016) 258 CLR 525.

7

Cavendish Square Holdings BV v Makdessi [2016] AC 1172.

8

Wilaci Pty Ltd v Torchlight Fund No 1 LP (in receivership) [2017] 3 NZLR 293.

9

Patel v Mirza [2017] AC 467, in this regard broadly endorsing the High Court’s approach in Nelson v Nelson (1995) 184 CLR 538.

10

AIB Group (UK) plc v Mark Redler & Co Solicitors [2015] AC 1503.

11

Giller v Procopets (2008) 24 VR 1.

12

Wilson v Ferguson [2015] WASC 15.

v Gino, Dal Pont. Equity and Trusts in Australia, Thomson Reuters (Professional) Australia Pty Limited, 2018. ProQuest Ebook Central, http://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/usyd/detail.action?docID=5602215. Created from usyd on 2019-07-06 20:27:59.

Equity and Trusts in Australia

The recognition and incidents of trusts in the commercial sphere continue to present challenges for the courts. In 2015, the High Court refused to allow a trust to infiltrate a commercial dealing even though it was couched in trust language.13 The ensuing year saw it investigate the concept of a “unit trust” under statute.14 And in 2018, the Full Federal Court and the Victorian Court of Appeal were each asked to address the distribution of the proceeds of the trustee’s right to indemnity but did not see entirely eye to eye.15 The foregoing is hardly exhaustive of judicial developments and should not been seen as a licence to overlook the manifold useful judicial remarks on equity and trusts in both Australian and non-​Australian courts since 2015, which find expression in this edition. Too late to translate to the text, note should nonetheless be made of the High Court’s decision in Pipikos v Trayans,16 maintaining a strict approach to the doctrine of past performance. As with the sixth (and indeed preceding) editions, I wish to acknowledge and thank Dr Lisa Butler Beatty, General Manager, Head of the Wealth Management Office of the Trustee, and Special Counsel (WM Legal), Commonwealth Bank of Australia, for contributing and updating Chapter 28 (Trusts for Investment). As always, the staff of the University of Tasmania Law Library very much deserve credit for their untiring assistance in securing access to relevant material. I have sought to include developments up to 1 August 2018. G E DAL PONT

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Hobart 28 September 2018

13

Korda v Australian Executor Trustees (SA) Ltd (2015) 255 CLR 62.

14

Elecnet (Aust) Pty Ltd v Commissioner of Taxation (2016) 259 CLR 73.

15

Jones (liquidator) v Matrix Partners Pty Ltd (2018) 354 ALR 436; Commonwealth v Byrnes (2018) 354 ALR 789

16

Pipikos v Trayans HCA 39 (12 September 2018).

vi Gino, Dal Pont. Equity and Trusts in Australia, Thomson Reuters (Professional) Australia Pty Limited, 2018. ProQuest Ebook Central, http://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/usyd/detail.action?docID=5602215. Created from usyd on 2019-07-06 20:27:59.

TABLE OF CONTENTS Preface .........................................................................................................................................  v Table of Cases ...........................................................................................................................  xxv Table of Statutes ........................................................................................................................  clxi List of Abbreviations ............................................................................................................. clxxxvii

Prologue –​Nature of Equity ..............................................................................................  1

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[P.05]

HISTORICAL BACKGROUND ................................................................................  1 [P.10] Early development of equity .....................................................................  1 [P.30] Transformation of equity ..........................................................................  3 [P.35] Equity in Australian courts .......................................................................  5 [P.40] THE FUSION DEBATE .............................................................................................  6 [P.40] What is meant by “fusion”? .....................................................................  6 [P.45] Remedial fusion .......................................................................................  8 [P.70] MAXIMS OF EQUITY ...........................................................................................  14 [P.75] A person who seeks equity must do equity .............................................  15 [P.80] A person who comes to equity must come with clean hands ...................  16 [P.85] Equity will not suffer a wrong without a remedy ....................................  16 [P.90] Equity will not allow statute to be used as an instrument of fraud .........  16 [P.95] Equity looks to intent rather than form ..................................................  17 [P.100] Equity assists the diligent and not the tardy ............................................  18 [P.105] Equity acts in personam .........................................................................  18 [P.110] Equity is equality ....................................................................................  18 [P.115] Equity will not perfect an imperfect gift .................................................  19 [P.120] Equity will not assist a volunteer ............................................................  20 [P.125] Equity considers as done that which ought to have been done ................  20 [P.130] THEMES .................................................................................................................  21 [P.135] Equity’s role in preventing or rectifying abuses of trust ..........................  21 [P.150] Equity’s role in preventing or rectifying unconscionable conduct ............  23 [P.165] Equity’s role in preventing or rectifying unfair outcomes ........................  26 [P.170] Equity’s approach to remedies ................................................................  26

PART I: EQUITABLE INTERESTS Chapter 1: Nature and Creation of Equitable Interests ..........................................  33 [1.05]

[1.35]

NATURE OF AN EQUITABLE INTEREST ............................................................  33 [1.05] Hallmarks of an equitable interest in property .......................................  33 [1.20] Scope of an equitable interest in property ...............................................  36 [1.25] Equitable interests compared to legal interests ........................................  37 CREATION OF EQUITABLE INTERESTS IN PROPERTY ....................................  38 [1.45] Equitable interests created pursuant to intention ....................................  39 [1.85] Equitable interests arising by implication of law .....................................  44 [1.120] Equitable interests arising by operation of law .......................................  48

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Equity and Trusts in Australia

[1.145]

TYPES OF EQUITABLE INTERESTS IN PROPERTY ............................................  50 [1.145] Trust .......................................................................................................  50 [1.150] Equitable charge or mortgage .................................................................  50 [1.160] Equitable lien .........................................................................................  51 [1.165] Equitable lease .......................................................................................  53

Chapter 2: Equitable Priorities .......................................................................................  55 [2.10]

[2.125]

[2.140]

COMPETING EQUITABLE INTERESTS ...............................................................  55 [2.10] General principle ....................................................................................  55 [2.20] Relevant factors in ascertaining the better equity ....................................  57 [2.75] Priorities in relation to trusts ..................................................................  64 [2.80] Tacking ..................................................................................................  64 [2.105] Equitable priorities and mere equities .....................................................  66 EQUITABLE ESTATE AND SUBSEQUENT LEGAL ESTATE .................................  70 [2.125] General principle ....................................................................................  70 [2.135] Qualifications to the general principle ....................................................  70 LEGAL ESTATE AND SUBSEQUENT EQUITABLE ESTATE .................................  71

Chapter 3: Assignments in Equity .................................................................................  73 [3.05]

[3.25]

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[3.40]

[3.120]

[3.155]

CONCEPT OF AN ASSIGNMENT ........................................................................  73 [3.10] Historical background to assignments of choses in action ......................  73 [3.20] Disposal and transfer of equitable interests outside of an assignment .....  75 STATUTORY ASSIGNMENTS ...............................................................................  75 [3.25] Statutory scheme ....................................................................................  75 [3.35] Principal requirements ............................................................................  76 EQUITABLE ASSIGNMENTS .................................................................................  79 [3.45] Requirement of an intention to assign ....................................................  80 [3.55] Relevance of notice ................................................................................  82 [3.80] Equitable assignment of legal choses ......................................................  84 [3.95] Equitable assignment of equitable choses ...............................................  86 ENTITLEMENTS OF AN EQUITABLE ASSIGNEE ...............................................  88 [3.120] Standing .................................................................................................  88 [3.140] Assignor as trustee .................................................................................  90 IMPACT OF CONTRACTUAL NON-​ASSIGNABILITY CLAUSES .......................  92

PART II: RELATIONSHIPS OF TRUST Chapter 4: Fiduciary Relations ........................................................................................  97 [4.05]

[4.50]

FIDUCIARY DUTIES ..............................................................................................  97 [4.10] Nature of fiduciary duties .......................................................................  97 [4.35] Strictness of fiduciary duties .................................................................  102 [4.40] Reasons for seeking to establish breach of fiduciary duty .....................  103 [4.45] Duration of fiduciary duties .................................................................  104 CHARACTERISTICS OF RELATIONSHIPS THAT ATTRACT FIDUCIARY DUTIES ............................................................................................  105 [4.50] A fiduciary principle? ...........................................................................  105 viii

Gino, Dal Pont. Equity and Trusts in Australia, Thomson Reuters (Professional) Australia Pty Limited, 2018. ProQuest Ebook Central, http://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/usyd/detail.action?docID=5602215. Created from usyd on 2019-07-06 20:27:59.

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Table of Contents

[4.55] Trust and confidence? ...........................................................................  105 [4.60] Undertaking to act in the interests of another? .....................................  106 [4.65] Disadvantage, vulnerability and unequal bargaining power? ................  107 [4.70] Synthesis ..............................................................................................  108 [4.75] Categorising relationships that give rise to fiduciary duties ...................  110 [4.80] TRUSTEE AND BENEFICIARY ............................................................................  110 [4.85] DIRECTOR AND COMPANY .............................................................................  111 [4.90] Corporate business opportunities .........................................................  112 [4.120] Multiple directorships ..........................................................................  117 [4.130] Director having an interest in, and transacting with, the company .........................................................................................  119 [4.135] LAWYER AND CLIENT .......................................................................................  120 [4.140] Application of the “no-​conflict” duty ...................................................  120 [4.160] Application of the “no-​profit” duty ......................................................  122 [4.170] AGENT AND PRINCIPAL ....................................................................................  124 [4.175] Real estate agents .................................................................................  124 [4.190] PARTNERS ...........................................................................................................  127 [4.190] Nature of partnership duties ................................................................  127 [4.200] Fiduciary duties prior to the execution of a partnership agreement ......  127 [4.205] Fiduciary duties following dissolution of partnership ...........................  128 [4.210] Fiduciary duties following death of a partner .......................................  129 [4.215] JOINT VENTURERS ............................................................................................  129 [4.235] FINANCIAL ADVISER AND CLIENT .................................................................  133 [4.250] BANKER AND CUSTOMER ................................................................................  135 [4.265] COMMERCIAL TRANSACTIONS GENERALLY ...............................................  136 [4.285] EMPLOYER AND EMPLOYEE ............................................................................  139 [4.285] Employees’ contractual duty of fidelity compared to fiduciary duties ...................................................................................................  139 [4.290] Employees’ duty of confidentiality compared to fiduciary duties ..........  140 [4.295] Employers’ duty ...................................................................................  141 [4.300] DOCTOR AND PATIENT ....................................................................................  142 [4.305] SOCIAL AND FAMILIAL RELATIONSHIPS .......................................................  143 [4.305] Child abuse and fiduciary duties ...........................................................  143 [4.315] Guardian and ward ..............................................................................  145 [4.320] DEFENCES TO BREACH OF FIDUCIARY DUTY ...............................................  146 [4.325] REMEDIES FOR BREACH OF FIDUCIARY DUTY .............................................  146

Chapter 5: Government and the Public Trust ..........................................................  149 [5.05]

[5.20]

CONCEPTS OF TRUST IN PUBLIC LAW ............................................................  149 [5.10] Fiduciary theory and the government–​citizen relationship ....................  150 [5.15] Trust analogy .......................................................................................  150 IMPACT OF TRUST CONCEPTS ON PUBLIC LAW ...........................................  151 [5.25] Trust at an individual level ...................................................................  152 [5.30] Trust on a collective level .....................................................................  153 [5.35] Curial application of trust concepts in public law —​ fiduciary duties to indigenous persons ..................................................  153 ix

Gino, Dal Pont. Equity and Trusts in Australia, Thomson Reuters (Professional) Australia Pty Limited, 2018. ProQuest Ebook Central, http://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/usyd/detail.action?docID=5602215. Created from usyd on 2019-07-06 20:27:59.

Equity and Trusts in Australia

Chapter 6: Confidential Information ..........................................................................  159

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[6.05]

NATURE AND JURISDICTIONAL BASIS ...........................................................  159 [6.10] Jurisdiction ...........................................................................................  159 [6.20] Elements ...............................................................................................  160 [6.25] CONFIDENTIALITY ............................................................................................  161 [6.30] Commercial or technical information ...................................................  162 [6.90] Personal confidences .............................................................................  171 [6.155] Governmental information ...................................................................  180 [6.170] CONFIDENTIAL CIRCUMSTANCES ..................................................................  183 [6.170] Relevance of confidential circumstances ...............................................  183 [6.175] Objective test .......................................................................................  183 [6.180] Information communicated within a contractual relationship ..............  184 [6.190] Information disclosed to a governmental body .....................................  186 [6.195] Information collected by law enforcement officers ................................  187 [6.205] BREACH OF DUTY ..............................................................................................  188 [6.205] Standing to enforce confidentiality .......................................................  188 [6.215] Need for specificity in identifying confidential information ..................  190 [6.220] Inferring a breach of confidence ...........................................................  191 [6.230] Need for proof of detriment? ................................................................  192 [6.240] Receipt of confidential information by third parties .............................  193 [6.265] INFORMATION GAINED BY REPREHENSIBLE MEANS .................................  197 [6.280] PUBLIC INTEREST DEFENCE ............................................................................  199 [6.285] Public interest and governmental information ......................................  200 [6.290] Disclosure of iniquity ...........................................................................  201 [6.315] REMEDIES FOR BREACH OF CONFIDENCE ...................................................  204 [6.320] Injunction .............................................................................................  205 [6.330] Account of profits ................................................................................  206 [6.340] Equitable damages ...............................................................................  207 [6.370] Delivery up ...........................................................................................  212 [6.375] Constructive trust .................................................................................  213

Chapter 7: Undue Influence ...........................................................................................  217 [7.05]

[7.20]

[7.50]

NATURE OF UNDUE INFLUENCE .....................................................................  217 [7.05] Definition .............................................................................................  217 [7.10] Distinguished from unconscionable dealing ..........................................  218 [7.15] Compared to undue influence at law (“testamentary undue influence”) ............................................................................................  218 TYPES OF UNDUE INFLUENCE .........................................................................  219 [7.25] Presumed undue influence ....................................................................  219 [7.45] Actual undue influence .........................................................................  223 RELEVANT EVIDENCE .......................................................................................  224 [7.55] Independent advice ...............................................................................  225 [7.70] Clear intention to enter transaction sought to be impugned .................  228 [7.75] Improvidence of transaction .................................................................  229 [7.85] Transaction not the proximate result of the influence ...........................  231

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Table of Contents

[7.90]

UNDUE INFLUENCE AND PARTICULAR RELATIONSHIPS ............................  232 [7.90] Undue influence by husband over wife .................................................  232 [7.100] The relationship between man and woman to whom he is affianced (?) ..........................................................................................  234 [7.105] Other personal relationships ................................................................  234 [7.110] Intra-​family undue influence .................................................................  235 [7.140] Undue influence and commercial relationships .....................................  239 [7.160] UNDUE INFLUENCE AND THIRD PARTIES .....................................................  240 [7.165] Agency .................................................................................................  242 [7.170] Notice ..................................................................................................  243 [7.210] Unconscionable conduct by creditor .....................................................  251 [7.270] DEFENCES ...........................................................................................................  262 [7.280] REMEDIES ...........................................................................................................  263

PART III: UNCONSCIONABLE CONDUCT Chapter 8: Fraud and Mistake ......................................................................................  269

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[8.05] [8.10]

FRAUD IN EQUITY .............................................................................................  269 PRESSURE IN EQUITY ........................................................................................  270 [8.10] Common law duress distinguished from pressure in equity ..................  270 [8.15] Scope of the pressure doctrine in equity ................................................  270 [8.25] Onus of proof and relief .......................................................................  272 [8.30] A modern substantive doctrine of duress? ............................................  273 [8.35] EQUITABLE FRAUD AND STATUTE ..................................................................  273 [8.50] FRAUD ON A POWER .........................................................................................  275 [8.55] Relevance of intention ..........................................................................  275 [8.70] Anticipation or knowledge of the conduct of object(s) as intention ..........................................................................................  276 [8.75] Severance of an excessive exercise of a power .......................................  277 [8.85] Default, revocation and release of powers ............................................  277 [8.90] INNOCENT MISREPRESENTATION .................................................................  278 [8.90] Equitable relief .....................................................................................  278 [8.95] Statutory intervention —​misleading and deceptive conduct .................  279 [8.100] MISTAKE ..............................................................................................................  280 [8.105] Recovery of amounts paid under mistake .............................................  280 [8.145] Contracts contaminated by mistake ......................................................  286

Chapter 9: Unconscionable Dealing ............................................................................  295 [9.05]

[9.25]

NATURE OF THE DOCTRINE ............................................................................  295 [9.05] Elements of the doctrine .......................................................................  295 [9.10] Focus on “procedural” rather than “substantive” unconscionability .....  296 [9.15] Unconscionable dealing distinguished from undue influence .................  296 SPECIAL DISADVANTAGE ..................................................................................  297 [9.25] Nature of “special” disadvantage .........................................................  297 [9.30] Factors indicating special disadvantage ................................................  298

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Equity and Trusts in Australia

[9.80]

KNOWLEDGE OF SPECIAL DISADVANTAGE ...................................................  306 [9.85] Statements of weaker party revealing misunderstanding .......................  307 [9.90] Knowledge of improvidence of transaction ...........................................  308 [9.100] Knowledge stemming from longstanding relationship ..........................  308 [9.105] Knowledge of relationship between guarantor and debtor ....................  309 [9.115] EXPLOITATION OF SPECIAL DISADVANTAGE ................................................  310 [9.115] Protection by independent advice .........................................................  310 [9.120] Need for proof of subjective intention to exploit? ................................  311 [9.150] DEFENCES ...........................................................................................................  315 [9.155] REMEDIES ...........................................................................................................  316 [9.160] STATUTORY INITIATIVES ..................................................................................  316 [9.165] Australian Consumer Law, Pt 2-​2 .........................................................  317

Chapter 10: Estoppel .......................................................................................................  325

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[10.10]

COMMON LAW ESTOPPEL ...............................................................................  325 [10.10] Estoppel by deed (or estoppel in writing) .............................................  325 [10.15] Estoppel by judgment (or estoppel by record) .......................................  325 [10.35] Estoppel by conduct .............................................................................  327 [10.50] EQUITABLE ESTOPPEL .......................................................................................  329 [10.50] Distinctions between common law and equitable estoppel by conduct ...........................................................................................  329 [10.55] Forms of estoppel by conduct in equity ................................................  330 [10.80] Attempts to fuse estoppel by conduct into a substantive doctrine .........  333 [10.105] REPRESENTATION .............................................................................................  336 [10.110] Clarity of the representation .................................................................  336 [10.140] Assumptions are not restricted to factual matters .................................  341 [10.145] Conduct or dealings as a representation ...............................................  342 [10.155] Silence as a representation ....................................................................  343 [10.160] RELIANCE ...........................................................................................................  343 [10.165] Reliance must be reasonable .................................................................  344 [10.200] Written contract inconsistent with extra-​contractual representations .....................................................................................  348 [10.220] DETRIMENT ........................................................................................................  350 [10.220] Rationale ..............................................................................................  350 [10.230] Calculation of detriment ......................................................................  351 [10.270] Remedies to rectify detriment ...............................................................  359 [10.275] Detriment compensated or remedied by other means ...........................  360 [10.290] Opportunities foregone as detriment ....................................................  362 [10.300] Emotional distress as detriment ............................................................  363 [10.305] Detriment sustained by third parties .....................................................  364 [10.310] UNCONSCIONABILITY ......................................................................................  364 [10.310] Role of unconscionability .....................................................................  364 [10.315] Parameters of unconscionable conduct .................................................  366 [10.355] ESTOPPEL AND THIRD PARTIES .......................................................................  371 [10.360] ESTOPPEL AND STATUTE ..................................................................................  372 [10.360] Inconsistency between estoppel and statute ..........................................  372 [10.395] Estoppel and the discretion of statutory authorities ..............................  376 xii

Gino, Dal Pont. Equity and Trusts in Australia, Thomson Reuters (Professional) Australia Pty Limited, 2018. ProQuest Ebook Central, http://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/usyd/detail.action?docID=5602215. Created from usyd on 2019-07-06 20:27:59.

Table of Contents

Chapter 11: Relief Against Forfeiture ........................................................................  379 [11.05]

BASIS FOR RELIEF AGAINST FORFEITURE .....................................................  379 [11.05] Unconscionable conduct .......................................................................  379 [11.10] Proprietary rights in applicant ..............................................................  380 [11.15] FORFEITURE AND CONTRACTS FOR THE SALE OF LAND ..........................  381 [11.15] Scope of jurisdiction .............................................................................  381 [11.20] Forfeiture of payments made under a contract of sale ..........................  382 [11.25] Forfeiture of other interests under a contract of sale .............................  383 [11.50] Forfeiture of moneys paid as a deposit .................................................  387 [11.85] FORFEITURE AND CONTRACTS FOR THE LEASE OF LAND .......................  394 [11.90] Relief against forfeiture for breach of covenant to pay rent ..................  395 [11.105] Relief against forfeiture for breach of covenants other than to pay rent ............................................................................................  397 [11.125] NATURE OF RELIEF AGAINST FORFEITURE ...................................................  401 [11.125] Forms of relief ......................................................................................  401 [11.135] Standing to seek relief ..........................................................................  402

PART IV: UNFAIR OUTCOMES Chapter 12: Part Performance .....................................................................................  407

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[12.05]

[12.45]

DOCTRINE OF PART PERFORMANCE ............................................................  407 [12.05] Relationship to statutory writing requirements .....................................  407 [12.15] Historically strict approach ..................................................................  408 [12.20] Loosening of the strict approach in England ........................................  409 [12.25] Current legal position —​confluence with constructive trusts, estoppel and statute? ..................................................................  410 EVIDENCE OF PART PERFORMANCE .............................................................  412 [12.45] What constitutes relevant evidence .......................................................  412 [12.60] Taking possession .................................................................................  414 [12.80] Payment of money ................................................................................  416

Chapter 13: Penalty Clauses ..........................................................................................  419 [13.05] [13.20] [13.55] [13.60]

[13.80] [13.95]

BACKDROP AND CONTEXT .............................................................................  419 FOUNDATION FOR RELIEF ...............................................................................  420 DISTINGUISHED FROM RELIEF AGAINST FORFEITURE ...............................  426 DEALINGS OUTSIDE THE PENALTY NET ........................................................  426 [13.60] Legitimate deposits ...............................................................................  426 [13.65] Acceleration clauses .............................................................................  427 [13.70] Grants of indulgence ............................................................................  427 TRIGGERING EVENT NOT CONFINED TO BREACH OF CONTRACT ...................................................................................................  428 ACTION FOR DAMAGES IF PENALTY UNENFORCEABLE .............................  431

Chapter 14: Subrogation, Contribution and Marshalling ....................................  433 [14.05] SUBROGATION ...................................................................................................  433 [14.05] The nature of subrogation ....................................................................  433 xiii

Gino, Dal Pont. Equity and Trusts in Australia, Thomson Reuters (Professional) Australia Pty Limited, 2018. ProQuest Ebook Central, http://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/usyd/detail.action?docID=5602215. Created from usyd on 2019-07-06 20:27:59.

Equity and Trusts in Australia

[14.30] Insured and insurer ..............................................................................  436 [14.70] Principal and surety .............................................................................  441 [14.85] Debtor and creditor ..............................................................................  443 [14.125] CONTRIBUTION .................................................................................................  449 [14.125] Nature of contribution .........................................................................  449 [14.145] Measure of contribution .......................................................................  453 [14.170] Principal areas of operation ..................................................................  457 [14.180] Contribution between sureties ..............................................................  458 [14.190] Contribution between insurers .............................................................  459 [14.215] MARSHALLING ..................................................................................................  463 [14.215] Nature and purpose of marshalling ......................................................  463 [14.240] Circumstances where marshalling is not available ................................  465

Chapter 15: Deceased Estates .......................................................................................  467 SATISFACTION IN EQUITY ................................................................................  467 [15.10] Presumption as between testators and creditors ....................................  467 [15.40] Presumption in respect of persons in loco parentis ...............................  470 [15.55] EQUITABLE ADEMPTION ..................................................................................  471 [15.55] Nature of equitable ademption .............................................................  471 [15.65] Presumption of ademption ...................................................................  472 [15.80] Subsequent advance by parent (or person in loco parentis) ...................  474 [15.95] Subsequent advance for a specific purpose ............................................  476 [15.100] ELECTION IN EQUITY .......................................................................................  478 [15.100] Nature of election in equity ..................................................................  478 [15.105] Dual gifts .............................................................................................  478 [15.120] Mutual obligations ...............................................................................  481

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[15.05]

PART V: TRUSTS Chapter 16: Nature of A  Trust .....................................................................................  485 [16.05] [16.15]

[16.25]

[16.45] [16.50]

DEFINITION AND CHARACTERISTICS ............................................................  485 CLASSIFICATION OF TRUSTS ............................................................................  486 [16.15] Express trusts .......................................................................................  486 [16.20] Non-​express trusts ...............................................................................  488 HISTORY OF THE TRUST ...................................................................................  488 [16.25] The “use” .............................................................................................  488 [16.40] Movement to the modern trust .............................................................  490 MODERN FUNCTIONS OF TRUSTS ..................................................................  490 TRUSTS AND OTHER LEGAL RELATIONSHIPS ..............................................  492 [16.55] Trust and bailment ...............................................................................  492 [16.90] Trust and agency ..................................................................................  497 [16.110] Trust and debt ......................................................................................  498 [16.120] Trust and contract ................................................................................  500 [16.150] Trust, condition, charge and equitable personal obligation ...................  504 [16.175] Trusts and powers ................................................................................  506 [16.195] Trustee and executor ............................................................................  510 xiv

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Table of Contents

Chapter 17: The Requisite Certainties .......................................................................  513 [17.10]

[17.60]

[17.95]

CERTAINTY OF INTENTION ............................................................................  513 [17.15] Process of construction .........................................................................  513 [17.25] Admissibility of extrinsic evidence ........................................................  516 [17.40] Intention stemming from statute ...........................................................  518 [17.45] Inferring an intention to create a trust ..................................................  518 CERTAINTY OF SUBJECT MATTER ..................................................................  520 [17.65] Nature of the property .........................................................................  521 [17.80] Quantum of interest .............................................................................  522 CERTAINTY OF OBJECT ....................................................................................  524 [17.95] “Beneficiary principle” .........................................................................  524 [17.100] Application of the beneficiary principle to fixed trusts ..........................  525 [17.115] Application of the beneficiary principle to discretionary trusts .............  526 [17.140] Purpose trusts .......................................................................................  529 [17.170] Gifts to unincorporated associations ....................................................  534

Chapter 18: Formalities and Complete Constitution .............................................  539 [18.05]

[18.40]

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[18.90]

FORMALITIES FOR ESTABLISHING AN INTER VIVOS TRUST ......................  539 [18.05] Statutory writing requirements .............................................................  539 [18.15] Enforcement of trust where formalities not fulfilled ..............................  542 FORMALITIES FOR ESTABLISHING A TESTAMENTARY TRUST ...................  546 [18.40] Formality requirements for a valid will .................................................  546 [18.45] Secret trusts ..........................................................................................  547 COMPLETE CONSTITUTION OF TRUSTS ........................................................  552 [18.90] Complete constitution by full legal transfer of trust property ...............  552 [18.110] Enforceability of an incompletely constituted trust by way of contract ....................................................................................  557 [18.125] Exceptions to the rule that equity will not assist a volunteer ................  558

Chapter 19: Legality of Trusts ......................................................................................  563 [19.05]

FORMS OF ILLEGALITY ....................................................................................  563 [19.10] Public policy illegality ..........................................................................  563 [19.15] Statutory illegality ................................................................................  564 [19.20] TRUSTS FOR ILLEGAL PURPOSES ....................................................................  564 [19.30] Disclosure of illegal purpose .................................................................  565 [19.55] Doctrine of locus poenitentiae  —​carrying out the illegal purpose .......  569 [19.60] TRUSTS THAT DISTURB THE SANCTITY OF MARRIAGE OR THE FAMILY .................................................................................................  570 [19.75] TRUSTS IN RESTRAINT OF ALIENATION OF PROPERTY .............................  572 [19.75] Conditional dispositions and deprivation clauses .................................  572 [19.80] Trusts that infringe the rule against perpetuities ...................................  574 [19.95] Rule against indestructibility ................................................................  577 [19.100] TRUSTS TO AVOID CREDITORS ........................................................................  577 [19.105] Setting aside where settlor is a natural person ......................................  578 [19.135] Setting aside where settlor is a company ...............................................  581 [19.140] Voidable dispositions outside of insolvency ..........................................  583 xv

Gino, Dal Pont. Equity and Trusts in Australia, Thomson Reuters (Professional) Australia Pty Limited, 2018. ProQuest Ebook Central, http://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/usyd/detail.action?docID=5602215. Created from usyd on 2019-07-06 20:27:59.

Equity and Trusts in Australia

[19.150] TRUSTS TO EVADE TAXATION .........................................................................  584 [19.155] FAMILY COURT POWERS TO SET ASIDE FAMILY TRUSTS .............................  586 [19.155] Setting aside dispositions ......................................................................  586 [19.170] Setting aside marriage settlements ........................................................  588

Chapter 20: Beneficiaries ...............................................................................................  591 [20.10]

[20.95]

RIGHTS OF BENEFICIARIES ..............................................................................  591 [20.10] Beneficiaries’ rights generally ................................................................  591 [20.30] Beneficiaries’ access to trust information ..............................................  593 [20.75] Beneficiaries’ right to disclaim ..............................................................  603 NATURE OF BENEFICIARIES’ INTERESTS UNDER A TRUST .........................  606 [20.100] Unit trusts ............................................................................................  606 [20.120] Discretionary trusts ..............................................................................  609 [20.155] Default beneficiaries .............................................................................  615

Chapter 21: Trustees ........................................................................................................  617

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[21.05]

WHO MAY ACT AS TRUSTEE ............................................................................  617 [21.05] Capacity to act as trustee .....................................................................  617 [21.10] Company as trustee ..............................................................................  618 [21.15] Statutory trustee companies ..................................................................  618 [21.20] Public trustee ........................................................................................  619 [21.25] Advisory trustees ..................................................................................  619 [21.30] Custodian trustees ................................................................................  620 [21.45] Bare trustees .........................................................................................  621 [21.50] APPOINTMENT OF TRUSTEES ..........................................................................  622 [21.55] Appointment pursuant to the trust instrument .....................................  622 [21.60] Appointment under statutory power ....................................................  623 [21.65] Appointment by the court ....................................................................  624 [21.85] Number of trustees ...............................................................................  628 [21.90] DISCLAIMER BY TRUSTEE ................................................................................  628 [21.95] RETIREMENT OF TRUSTEES .............................................................................  629 [21.100] REMOVAL OF TRUSTEES ...................................................................................  630 [21.105] Removal by the court  —​welfare of the beneficiaries ...........................  630 [21.130] Costs of a proceeding for removal ........................................................  634 [21.135] DEATH OF TRUSTEE ..........................................................................................  634 [21.140] ORDERS VESTING TRUST PROPERTY IN NEW TRUSTEES ............................  635

Chapter 22: Duties of Trustees .....................................................................................  637 [22.05]

[22.30] [22.40]

NATURE OF DUTIES ...........................................................................................  637 [22.10] Initial duties .........................................................................................  637 [22.15] Fundamental duty to obey the terms of the trust ..................................  637 [22.20] Standard of care ...................................................................................  638 DUTY TO ACCOUNT ..........................................................................................  639 DUTY TO ADMINISTER THE TRUST PERSONALLY ........................................  640 [22.40] Fettering discretion ...............................................................................  640 [22.45] Duty not to delegate and its exceptions ................................................  641

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Table of Contents

[22.50] Engagement of agents by trustees .........................................................  642 [22.65] Unanimity in trustee decision-​making ...................................................  644 [22.70] FIDUCIARY DUTIES ............................................................................................  645 [22.75] Trustees’ remuneration .........................................................................  645 [22.95] Purchase of trust property by trustee (“purchase rule” or “self-​dealing rule”) ...............................................................................  648 [22.115] Purchase of a beneficiary’s interest (“fair dealing rule”) ........................  651 [22.120] DUTY TO ACT IMPARTIALLY ............................................................................  651 [22.120] Nature of the duty ................................................................................  651 [22.130] Apportionment required by the duty of impartiality .............................  652 [22.155] Residuary personalty of a wasting, hazardous or reversionary nature ..............................................................................  654 [22.160] Allocation of revenue and costs ............................................................  655 [22.175] DUTY TO INVEST ...............................................................................................  656 [22.180] Investments authorised by the trust instrument ....................................  657 [22.185] Investments authorised by statute .........................................................  658 [22.200] Investments authorised by the court pursuant to its “expediency” jurisdiction .....................................................................  660 [22.205] Investment for the financial advantage to the trust ...............................  660 [22.225] DUTY TO PAY CORRECT BENEFICIARIES .......................................................  663 [22.225] Duty of trustee in the event of overpayment .........................................  663 [22.230] Action by underpaid beneficiary ...........................................................  664

Chapter 23: Powers and Rights of Trustees .............................................................  665

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[23.05]

POWERS OF TRUSTEES ......................................................................................  665 [23.10] Sources of trustees’ powers ...................................................................  665 [23.30] Exercise of trustees’ discretion ..............................................................  667 [23.80] Powers of sale ......................................................................................  674 [23.115] Powers of maintenance and advancement .............................................  677 [23.120] RIGHTS OF TRUSTEES .......................................................................................  679 [23.120] Right to indemnity (and exoneration) ...................................................  679 [23.160] Right to contribution from co-​trustees .................................................  687 [23.165] Right to impound the interest of a beneficiary ......................................  688 [23.170] Right to seek advice and directions from the court ...............................  688

Chapter 24: Breach of Trust ..........................................................................................  695 [24.10]

[24.25]

STANDING TO SUE .............................................................................................  695 [24.10] Identity of persons with standing .........................................................  695 [24.15] Beneficiaries’ standing to sue third parties ............................................  696 REMEDIES FOR BREACH OF TRUST ................................................................  698 [24.30] Compensation ......................................................................................  698 [24.60] Interest .................................................................................................  702 [24.75] Account of profits ................................................................................  704 [24.95] Liability for co-​trustee’s breaches of trust  —​“wilful default” ..............  706 [24.105] Account on the basis of wilful default ..................................................  708

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Equity and Trusts in Australia

[24.110] Options apart from action for breach of trust ......................................  708 [24.130] Personal action against third-​party recipients of trust property  —​ Re Diplock .......................................................................  711 [24.140] DEFENCES TO BREACH OF TRUST ..................................................................  713 [24.140] Trustee exemption clauses ....................................................................  713 [24.160] Consent, acquiescence or release by the beneficiaries ............................  716 [24.175] Delay ....................................................................................................  718 [24.200] Court’s statutory power to excuse breach .............................................  721

Chapter 25: Variation, Resettlement and Termination of Trusts .......................  725 VARIATION OF TRUST .......................................................................................  725 [25.10] Power of variation in the trust instrument ............................................  725 [25.25] Inherent jurisdiction of the court to vary trusts ....................................  727 [25.30] Variation by the court under its “expediency” jurisdiction ....................  728 [25.60] Variation by the court on behalf of infants, unborn and incompetent persons .............................................................................  735 [25.80] Western Australia  —​statutory jurisdiction to vary the quantum paid to a beneficiary ..............................................................  738 [25.85] RESETTLEMENT OF TRUSTS ............................................................................  738 [25.90] Sources of the power to resettle a trust .................................................  738 [25.105] Resettlement for revenue law purposes .................................................  740 [25.120] TERMINATION OF TRUST ................................................................................  741 [25.125] Termination by revocation ...................................................................  742 [25.135] Termination by beneficiaries .................................................................  743 [25.155] Termination by distribution of trust property .......................................  746

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[25.05]

Chapter 26: Resulting Trusts .........................................................................................  749 [26.05]

NATURE OF THE RESULTING TRUST ..............................................................  749 [26.05] Definition and terminology ..................................................................  749 [26.10] “Institutional” nature of the resulting trust ..........................................  750 [26.15] FAILURE TO EXHAUST BENEFICIAL INTEREST .............................................  751 [26.20] Failure of express trust .........................................................................  751 [26.25] Failure to set out the trust or disclose the entire beneficial interest .......  751 [26.30] Property conveyed on trust for a specific purpose that fails ..................  751 [26.35] Property conveyed on trust for purposes exceeds that required ............  752 [26.40] Resulting trust over stolen property .....................................................  753 [26.45] RESULTING TRUSTS FORM CONTRIBUTIONS TO PROPERTY .....................  753 [26.45] Circumstances giving rise to the presumption of resulting trust ............  753 [26.55] Voluntary transfer situation ..................................................................  755 [26.60] Purchase money situation .....................................................................  755 [26.90] Constructive trust relief ........................................................................  760 [26.95] DISPLACING THE PRESUMPTION BY CONTRARY EVIDENCE ....................  760 [26.100] Relevant evidence of intention ..............................................................  760 [26.110] Relevant evidence in rebuttal ................................................................  762 [26.120] PRESUMPTION OF ADVANCEMENT ................................................................  763 [26.120] Nature and operation ...........................................................................  763 [26.145] Rebuttal of the presumption of advancement .......................................  768 xviii

Gino, Dal Pont. Equity and Trusts in Australia, Thomson Reuters (Professional) Australia Pty Limited, 2018. ProQuest Ebook Central, http://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/usyd/detail.action?docID=5602215. Created from usyd on 2019-07-06 20:27:59.

Table of Contents

[26.155] FUTURE OF THE PRESUMPTIONS ....................................................................  770

Chapter 27: Trusts for Commercial Purposes ...........................................................  773 [27.10] [27.20]

TRUSTS AS VEHICLES TO CONDUCT BUSINESS .............................................  773 INSOLVENCY AND TRUSTS ...............................................................................  775 [27.25] Liability on insolvency of trustee ..........................................................  775 [27.65] Property given for a specific purpose  —​trust or debt? .........................  782 [27.75] Property given for a specific purpose  —​co-​existence of loan and trust (“Quistclose Trust”) ..................................................  784 [27.110] Insolvency of beneficiary ......................................................................  793 [27.125] TAXATION OF TRUSTS ......................................................................................  795 [27.130] Scheme of trust taxation .......................................................................  795 [27.185] Capital gains tax and trusts ..................................................................  802 [27.200] Taxation of minors’ income: Part III, Division 6AA ..............................  803

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Chapter 28: Trusts for Investment ..............................................................................  805 [28.05] BACKGROUND ...................................................................................................  805 [28.10] Superannuation ....................................................................................  805 [28.15] Managed investments ...........................................................................  806 [28.20] STATUTORY REGULATION OF SUPERANNUATION ......................................  806 [28.25] MySuper ..............................................................................................  807 [28.30] Regulators ............................................................................................  808 [28.35] Regulated entities .................................................................................  809 [28.40] Compliance ..........................................................................................  810 [28.45] Financial services regime ......................................................................  810 [28.50] SUPERANNUATION TRUSTS .............................................................................  810 [28.55] Provisions of a superannuation fund deed ............................................  811 [28.60] Trustees ................................................................................................  812 [28.75] Duties of trustees and directors ............................................................  814 [28.105] Trust property ......................................................................................  821 [28.130] Beneficiaries .........................................................................................  824 [28.145] SUPERANNUATION TRUSTS AND THE CONTRACT OF EMPLOYMENT ....  826 [28.150] Construction of trust documents ..........................................................  826 [28.155] Employer’s implied obligation of trust and confidence ..........................  828 [28.160] OTHER TRUST RELATED SUPERANNUATION ISSUES ...................................  829 [28.160] Exercise of discretion and the formation of opinions ............................  829 [28.170] Amendment and rectification of trust deeds ..........................................  831 [28.190] Surpluses ..............................................................................................  833 [28.210] Conflicts of interest ..............................................................................  836 [28.220] Duty of impartiality .............................................................................  838 [28.225] DISPUTE RESOLUTION IN SUPERANNUATION TRUSTS ...............................  838 [28.230] Internal review .....................................................................................  838 [28.235] External review: SCT (and forthcoming Australian Financial Complaints Authority) .........................................................................  838 [28.240] MANAGED INVESTMENT SCHEMES ...............................................................  840 [28.240] Meaning of “managed investment scheme” ..........................................  840

xix Gino, Dal Pont. Equity and Trusts in Australia, Thomson Reuters (Professional) Australia Pty Limited, 2018. ProQuest Ebook Central, http://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/usyd/detail.action?docID=5602215. Created from usyd on 2019-07-06 20:27:59.

Equity and Trusts in Australia

[28.245] [28.250] [28.255] [28.260]

Responsible entity ................................................................................  841 Duties of the responsible entity ............................................................  842 Scheme constitution .............................................................................  842 Other investor protection avenues ........................................................  843

Chapter 29: Charitable Trusts .......................................................................................  845 [29.05]

[29.55]

[29.110]

[29.140]

[29.165]

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[29.210]

[29.275]

[29.310]

NATURE OF A  CHARITABLE TRUST ...............................................................  845 [29.05] Purpose trust ........................................................................................  845 [29.10] Differences between private and charitable trusts .................................  845 [29.30] Meaning of “charitable” at law ............................................................  847 PUBLIC BENEFIT REQUIREMENT ....................................................................  852 [29.60] The “public” requirement .....................................................................  852 [29.90] The “benefit” requirement ....................................................................  858 RELIEF OF THE POOR, AGED AND IMPOTENT ..............................................  862 [29.115] Relief of poverty ...................................................................................  863 [29.125] Relief of the aged .................................................................................  864 [29.130] Relief of impotence ..............................................................................  865 ADVANCEMENT OF EDUCATION ....................................................................  866 [29.145] Valid educational purposes ...................................................................  866 [29.155] Public benefit in educational purposes ..................................................  869 [29.160] The “benefit” element ...........................................................................  870 ADVANCEMENT OF RELIGION ........................................................................  871 [29.165] Religious purposes ...............................................................................  871 [29.190] Advancing religion ...............................................................................  874 [29.195] Public benefit in religious purposes .......................................................  875 OTHER PURPOSES BENEFICIAL TO THE COMMUNITY ...............................  877 [29.215] Two-​stage analogy approach ................................................................  877 [29.220] Protection of animals ...........................................................................  878 [29.225] Locality cases .......................................................................................  879 [29.230] Preservation or protection of the environment ......................................  880 [29.235] Promotion of industry and commerce ...................................................  880 [29.240] Relief of distress ...................................................................................  881 [29.245] Promotion of safety and protection of the country ...............................  882 [29.250] Assistance for immigration and emigration ..........................................  883 [29.255] Recreation and sport ............................................................................  884 MIXED CHARITABLE AND NON-​CHARITABLE PURPOSES ..........................  888 [29.275] Requirement that a trust be exclusively charitable ................................  888 [29.280] Gifts for the purposes of associations ...................................................  888 [29.290] Alternative and cumulative expressions ................................................  891 [29.295] Saving legislation ..................................................................................  892 CY-​PRÈS SCHEMES .............................................................................................  894 [29.310] Impossibility, impracticability or illegality ............................................  894 [29.315] “Initial” failure .....................................................................................  894 [29.320] Non-​existent institutions ......................................................................  896 [29.345] Cy-​près and public appeals ...................................................................  898

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Table of Contents

[29.355] Statutory cy-​près ..................................................................................  899 [29.375] Power to settle cy-​près schemes ............................................................  902 [29.380] ADMINISTRATIVE SCHEMES ............................................................................  903

PART VI: Equitable Defences Chapter 30: Equitable Defences ...................................................................................  907

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[30.10] DELAY ..................................................................................................................  907 [30.10] Delay and equitable relief .....................................................................  907 [30.25] Relationship between laches and acquiescence .....................................  910 [30.35] Laches and limitation legislation ..........................................................  911 [30.45] Nature of the claim ..............................................................................  913 [30.75] Subject matter of the claim ...................................................................  916 [30.80] Identity of the party seeking to rely on the defence ...............................  917 [30.85] SET-​OFF ................................................................................................................  917 [30.85] Nature of set-​off ...................................................................................  917 [30.95] Legal set-​off .........................................................................................  918 [30.105] Equitable set-​off ...................................................................................  919 [30.140] WAIVER IN EQUITY ...........................................................................................  924 [30.145] Release .................................................................................................  925 [30.160] Estoppel ...............................................................................................  926 [30.170] UNCLEAN HANDS ..............................................................................................  928 [30.170] Nature of and limitations on the defence ..............................................  928 [30.180] Case illustrations ..................................................................................  930

PART VII: EQUITABLE REMEDIES Chapter 31: Injunctions ..................................................................................................  935 [31.05]

[31.90]

GENERAL PRINCIPLES .......................................................................................  935 [31.05] Nature and jurisdiction ........................................................................  935 [31.10] Classification ........................................................................................  936 [31.15] Effect of non-​compliance ......................................................................  936 [31.20] Standing to seek an injunction ..............................................................  937 [31.40] Scope of injunctive relief ......................................................................  941 [31.50] Considerations relevant to the exercise of the court’s discretion ...........  942 [31.75] Injunctions in criminal law ...................................................................  945 [31.80] Ex parte applications ............................................................................  946 INTERLOCUTORY INJUNCTIONS ....................................................................  948 [31.90] Nature of interlocutory injunctions ......................................................  948 [31.95] Serious question to be tried /​prima facie test ........................................  949 [31.105] Damages not an adequate remedy (irreparable harm) ...........................  951 [31.125] Balance of convenience .........................................................................  953 [31.175] Interlocutory injunctions to prevent alleged defamation .......................  962 [31.185] Appellate review of interlocutory determinations .................................  966

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Equity and Trusts in Australia

[31.190] QUIA TIMET INJUNCTIONS ..............................................................................  966 [31.195] ANTI-​SUIT INJUNCTIONS .................................................................................  967

Chapter 32: Mareva and Anton Piller Orders ...........................................................  969 [32.05]

MAREVA ORDERS ..............................................................................................  969 [32.05] Nature and jurisdiction ........................................................................  969 [32.40] Preconditions to Mareva relief .............................................................  973 [32.75] Scope and variation of Mareva orders ..................................................  978 [32.90] Post-judgment Mareva orders ..............................................................  980 [32.100] Mareva orders and third parties ...........................................................  981 [32.110] Extra-jurisdictional and worldwide Mareva orders ..............................  984 [32.120] Orders in aid of Mareva relief (“ancillary orders”) ...............................  986 [32.135] Abuses of process in seeking Mareva relief ...........................................  988 [32.140] ANTON PILLER ORDERS ...................................................................................  989 [32.145] The Anton Piller case ............................................................................  990 [32.150] Nature of Anton Piller relief .................................................................  990 [32.155] Preconditions to Anton Piller relief .......................................................  991 [32.160] Application for and execution of Anton Piller orders ...........................  992 [32.200] Principal uses of Anton Piller orders .....................................................  998

Chapter 33: Specific Performance .............................................................................  1001 [33.05]

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[33.20]

[33.90]

NATURE OF SPECIFIC PERFORMANCE .........................................................  1001 [33.05] Definition ...........................................................................................  1001 [33.10] Basic requirements .............................................................................  1002 SPECIFIC PERFORMANCE OF PARTICULAR CONTRACTS .........................  1003 [33.20] Contracts for the sale of land .............................................................  1003 [33.35] Building contracts ..............................................................................  1006 [33.40] Repairing covenants in leases .............................................................  1006 [33.45] Contracts for the sale of personalty ....................................................  1007 [33.65] Contracts to pay or lend money .........................................................  1010 [33.80] Contracts for personal services ...........................................................  1011 DEFENCES TO AN ACTION FOR SPECIFIC PERFORMANCE ......................  1012 [33.90] Defences arising from the nature of the contract ................................  1012 [33.130] Defences arising from the conduct of the parties ................................  1017

Chapter 34: Compensation, Damages and Account of Profits .........................  1025 [34.05]

EQUITABLE COMPENSATION .........................................................................  1025 [34.05] Nature of equitable compensation ......................................................  1025 [34.20] Relevance of causation .......................................................................  1027 [34.55] Flexible nature of equitable compensation ..........................................  1032 [34.60] Award of interest ................................................................................  1033 [34.65] EQUITABLE DAMAGES .....................................................................................  1033 [34.70] Prerequisites for the award of equitable damages ...............................  1034 [34.105] Assessment of equitable damages .......................................................  1038 [34.125] Exemplary and aggravated damages ...................................................  1041 [34.140] ACCOUNT OF PROFITS ...................................................................................  1045 [34.140] Nature of an account .........................................................................  1045 xxii

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Table of Contents

[34.155] Jurisdiction .........................................................................................  1047 [34.160] Calculation of profit ...........................................................................  1048

Chapter 35: Rescission ..................................................................................................  1051 [35.05]

[35.45]

[35.75]

NATURE OF RESCISSION .................................................................................  1051 [35.10] Rescission at common law .................................................................  1051 [35.15] Rescission in equity ............................................................................  1052 [35.40] Need for assistance of the court ..........................................................  1055 GROUNDS FOR RESCISSION ...........................................................................  1055 [35.50] Misrepresentation ..............................................................................  1055 [35.65] Breach of fiduciary duty .....................................................................  1058 [35.70] Mistake ..............................................................................................  1058 BARS TO RESCISSION .......................................................................................  1059 [35.75] Third party interests ...........................................................................  1059 [35.85] Affirmation ........................................................................................  1059 [35.100] Delay ..................................................................................................  1062 [35.105] Express exclusion of the right to rescind ............................................  1062 [35.110] Executed contract ...............................................................................  1062

Chapter 36: Receivership ..............................................................................................  1065

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[36.05] [36.20]

NATURE OF RECEIVERSHIP ............................................................................  1065 OUT-​OF-​COURT (“PRIVATE”) APPOINTMENT .............................................  1066 [36.25] Agency relationship ............................................................................  1067 [36.45] Duties of privately-​appointed receivers ...............................................  1070 [36.80] APPOINTMENT BY THE COURT ....................................................................  1076 [36.85] Officer of the court .............................................................................  1076 [36.90] Jurisdiction not to be exercised liberally .............................................  1077 [36.100] Standing .............................................................................................  1078 [36.105] Pre-​existing contracts of the debtor ....................................................  1078 [36.110] Undertaking as to damages ................................................................  1079 [36.115] Ex parte appointment .........................................................................  1079 [36.125] Indemnity for remuneration and expenses ..........................................  1080 [36.130] Receivers and equitable execution ......................................................  1081 [36.150] STATUTE GOVERNING RECEIVERS ...............................................................  1083 [36.150] Corporations Act 2001 .......................................................................  1083 [36.165] Receivers appointed under property legislation ..................................  1085

Chapter 37: D  eclarations, Rectification, Specific Restitution and Delivery up ................................................................................................  1087 [37.05] DECLARATIONS ...............................................................................................  1087 [37.05] Source of jurisdiction to grant declaratory relief .................................  1087 [37.10] Use of declaratory relief .....................................................................  1088 [37.15] Discretion to grant declaratory relief ..................................................  1088 [37.20] Inconsistency with alternative remedy or statute ................................  1090 [37.30] Theoretical or academic issues ............................................................  1091 [37.40] Standing .............................................................................................  1092 [37.50] No practical relevance or utility .........................................................  1094 xxiii

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Equity and Trusts in Australia

[37.65] RECTIFICATION ...............................................................................................  1095 [37.65] Nature of rectification ........................................................................  1095 [37.80] Instruments equity will not rectify ......................................................  1098 [37.90] Rectification for common mistake ......................................................  1099 [37.125] Rectification for unilateral mistake .....................................................  1105 [37.140] SPECIFIC RESTITUTION ...................................................................................  1109 [37.155] DELIVERY UP AND CANCELLATION OF DOCUMENTS ..............................  1110 [37.155] Nature of jurisdiction .........................................................................  1110 [37.165] Terms of relief ....................................................................................  1111

Chapter 38: Constructive Trusts .................................................................................  1115

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[38.05]

DEFINITION AND CLASSIFICATION ..............................................................  1115 [38.10] Institutional constructive trusts ..........................................................  1115 [38.15] “Remedial” constructive trusts ...........................................................  1117 [38.20] Constructive trusts distinguished from other trusts .............................  1117 [38.25] INSTITUTIONAL CONSTRUCTIVE TRUSTS ...................................................  1118 [38.25] Accountability as principal for breach of fiduciary duty .....................  1118 [38.55] Accountability of persons who act as trustees without appointment .......................................................................................  1125 [38.65] Liability as an “accessory” to a fiduciary or trust breach ....................  1126 [38.100] Accountability as a recipient of trust property ....................................  1135 [38.130] Constructive trusts arising out of agreements to deal with property .............................................................................................  1141 [38.165] REMEDIAL CONSTRUCTIVE TRUSTS ............................................................  1147 [38.165] Nature and incidents ..........................................................................  1147 [38.175] General principle:  unconscionable denial of or assertion to beneficial interest in property .........................................................  1149 [38.215] Common intention constructive trust .................................................  1155 [38.250] Backdating the remedial constructive trust .........................................  1162 [38.270] Alternative remedies ...........................................................................  1168 [38.275] Charitable trust as remedy? ................................................................  1169

Chapter 39: Tracing .......................................................................................................  1171 [39.05]

[39.55]

NATURE OF TRACING .....................................................................................  1171 [39.10] Tracing at common law ......................................................................  1171 [39.15] Tracing in equity ................................................................................  1172 [39.50] Coalescence between common law and equitable tracing ...................  1176 PROCESS OF TRACING ....................................................................................  1177 [39.55] Mixing of trust and non-​trust property:  the tracing step ....................  1177 [39.85] Mixing of property from more than one trust:  the “allocation step” ................................................................................  1183

Index .....................................................................................................................................  1189

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TABLE OF CASES

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A A (C) v Critchley (1999) 166 DLR (4th) 475 ................................................................................ 5.50 A E Goodwin Ltd v AG Healing Ltd (1983) 7 ACLR 481 ............................................................. 24.65 A H McDonald & Co Pty Ltd v Wells (1931) 45 CLR 506 ........................ 33.145, 35.15, 35.30, 35.40 A J Bekhor & Co Ltd v Bilton [1981] QB 923 ........................................................................... 32.120 A Local Authority v W [2006] 1 FLR 1 ........................................................................................ 6.205 A M Spicer and Son Pty Ltd (in liq) v Spicer (1931) 47 CLR 151 ................................................ 14.80 A Roberts & Co Ltd v Leicestershire County Council [1961] Ch 555 ........................................ 37.125 A v B plc [2003] QB 195 ....................................................................................... 6.95, 6.100, 6.105 A v C (No 2) [1981] QB 956 ..................................................................................................... 32.80 A v Hayden (No 1) (1984) 56 ALR 73 ....................................................................................... 31.95 A v Hayden (No 2) (1984) 156 CLR 532 ................................................................................... 6.295 A V Jennings Ltd v First Provincial Building Society Ltd (1996) ATPR ¶41–​494 ......................... 31.165 A v Law Society of Tasmania (2001) 10 Tas R 152 ..................................................................... 4.155 AA and Australian Prudential Regulation Authority, Re (2002) 66 ALD 443 ................................ 28.60 Aas v Benham [1891] 2 Ch 244 ................................................................................................ 4.190 AB Consolidated Ltd v Europe Strength Food Co Pty Ltd [1978] 2 NZLR 515 .................... 6.10, 6.15, 6.40, P.145 AB Hassle v Pharmacia (Australia) Pty Ltd (1995) 33 IPR 63 ....................................................... 31.90 AB v CD [2015] 1 WLR 771 ....................................................................................................... 31.50 Abacus Trust Company (Isle of Man) Ltd v NSPCC [2001] WTLR 953 ........................................ 23.45 Abacus Trust Company (Isle of Man) v Barr [2003] Ch 409 ....................................................... 23.50 Abbey National Building Society v Maybeech Ltd [1985] Ch 190 ................................. 11.95, 11.100 Abdulla v Shah [1959] AC 124 ................................................................................................ 38.150 A'Beckett, Re [1941] VLR 283 ..................................................................................... 29.180, 29.200 Abella v Anderson [1987] 2 Qd R 1 .............................................................................. 32.75, 32.110 Aberdeen Railway Co v Blaikie (1854) 1 Macq 461 ................................................................... 22.95 Abigail v Lapin (1934) 51 CLR 58; [1934] AC 491 .................................................. 1.110, 2.10, 2.25, 2.35, 2.130 Abigroup Ltd v Abignano (1992) 39 FCR 74 ........................................................................... 14.140 Able Demolitions and Excavations Pty Ltd v BHP Billiton Direct Reduced Iron Pty Ltd [2008] WASC 136 .............................................................................................................. 31.145 Aboody v Ryan (2012) 17 BPR 32,359 ........................................................................... 9.115, 9.120 Aboriginal Hostels Ltd v Darwin City Council (1985) 55 LGRA 414 ......................................... 29.240 Abou-​Rahmah v Al-​Haji Abdul Kadir Abacha [2007] 1 Lloyd's Rep 115 ...................................... 38.85 Abraham v Johns [2010] VSC 33 ............................................................................................... 33.25 Abrahams v Biggs [2011] FCA 1475 ............................................................................................ 6.35 Abram Steamship Co Ltd v Westville Shipping Co Ltd [1923] AC 773 ............................ 35.40, 35.90 Absolute Analogue Inc v Sundance Resources Ltd (No 3) [2014] WASC 283 ............................. 34.75 Academy of Health and Fitness Pty Ltd v Power [1973] VR 254 ...................................... 35.55, 35.90 Accom Finance Pty Ltd v Mars Pty Ltd (2007) 13 BPR 24,729 ................................................... 13.55 Accounting Systems 2000 (Developments) Pty Ltd v CCH Australia Ltd (1993) 114 ALR 355 .......................................................................................................................... 8.95 Accurate Financial Consultants Pty Ltd v Koko Black Pty Ltd (2008) 66 ACSR 325 ........ 10.115, 10.120, 10.125, 10.135 ACE Insurance Ltd v Trifunovski (2011) 200 FCR 532 .............................................................. 10.360 Acland v Gaisford (1816) 2 Mad 28; 56 ER 245 ...................................................................... 24.100 Acmnet Pty Ltd v AI Tel Pty Ltd [2007] SASC 96 ...................................................................... 31.100

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Equity and Trusts in Australia

ACN 074 971 109 (as Trustee for Argot Unit Trust) v National Mutual Life Association of Australasia Ltd (2008) 21 VR 351 ................................................................................... 10.260 ACN 077 991 890 Pty Ltd v National Australia Bank Ltd (2007) 13 BPR 24,299 ...................... 14.225 Acohs Pty Ltd v RA Bashford Consulting Pty Ltd (1997) 144 ALR 528 ...................................... 14.165 Acron Pacific Ltd v Offshore Oil NL (1985) 157 CLR 514 ........................................................... 13.70 Across Australia Finance Pty Ltd v Kalls (2008) 3 BFRA 205 ..................................................... 14.225 Actionstrength Ltd v International Glass Engineering SpA [2003] 2 AC 541 .............................. 18.35 Active Leisure (Sports) Pty Ltd v Sportsman's Australia Ltd [1991] 1 Qd R 301 .............. 31.15, 31.50, 31.60, 31.120, 31.145 Adam P Brown Male Fashions Pty Ltd v Philip Morris Inc (1981) 148 CLR 170 ........................ 31.185 Adams and Kensington Vestry, Re (1884) 27 Ch D 394 ............................................................. 17.20 Adams v Broke (1842) 1 Y & C 627; 62 ER 1146 ..................................................................... 33.105 Adams v Executive Director, Fisheries WA [2000] WASC 34 ..................................................... 10.395 Adams v Zen 28 Pty Ltd [2010] QSC 36 ................................................................................... 27.55 Adamson, Ex parte (1878) 8 Ch D 807 ..................................................................................... 24.35 Adamson v Hayes (1973) 130 CLR 276 ..................................................................................... 18.10 Adamson v Melbourne and Metropolitan Board of Works [1929] AC 142 ............................... 29.220 Adamson v Reid (1880) 6 VLR (E) 164 ......................................................................... 22.175, 24.65 Adderley v Dixon (1824) 1 Sim & St 607; 57 ER 239 ................................................................ 33.20 Addison Wesley Longman Australia Pty Ltd v Kopystop Pty Ltd [2004] FCA 1518 .................... 32.155 Addstead Pty Ltd v Liddan Pty Ltd (1997) 25 ACSR 175 ................................................. 38.70, 16.15 Adenan v Buise [1984] WAR 61 ................................................................................................. 9.150 Admar Computers Pty Ltd v Ezy Systems Pty Ltd (1997) 38 IPR 659 ........................................... 6.15 Adventure Golf Systems Australia Pty Ltd v Belgravia Health & Leisure Group Pty Ltd [2017] VSCA 326 ................................................................................................................. 4.265 Aectra Refining and Manufacturing Inc v Exmar NV [1994] 1 WLR 1634 ...................... 30.95, 30.110 Aequitas v AEFC (2001) 19 ACLC 1006 .................................................... 4.235, 35.15, 38.75, 38.85 Affiliated FM Insurance Co v Quintette Coal Ltd (1998) 156 DLR (4th) 307 .............................. 14.30 AFG Insurances Ltd v City of Brighton (1972) 126 CLR 655 ........................................... 14.35, 14.40 AG Australia Holdings Ltd v Burton (2002) 58 NSWLR 464 ................................ 4.155, 6.290, 6.295, 6.370, 37.175 Agar, Re [1981] 2 NZLR 684 .......................................................................................... 25.40, 25.50 AG(CQ) Pty Ltd v A&T Promotions Pty Ltd [2011] 1 Qd R 306 ................................................... 2.30 Aged Care Services Pty Ltd v Kanning Services Pty Ltd [2013] NSWCA 393 ................................ 1.65 Agip (Africa) Ltd v Jackson [1990] Ch 265 ................................................................. 38.100, 38.110 Agip (Africa) Ltd v Jackson [1991] Ch 547 ........................................... 38.100, 38.110, 39.10, 39.25 Agip SpA v Navigazione Alta Italia SpA (the “Nai Genova”) [1984] 1 Lloyd's Rep 353 .................................................................................... 37.105, 37.125, 37.135 AGL Victoria Pty Ltd v Lockwood (2003) 10 VR 596 .................................................................. 36.35 Agricultural & Rural Finance Pty Ltd v Gardiner (2008) 238 CLR 570 ...................................... 30.140 Agripay Pty Ltd v Byrne [2011] 2 Qd R 501 ........................................................ 7.220, 7.255, 7.260 Agusta Pty Ltd v Provident Capital Ltd (2012) 16 BPR 30,397 ...................................... 2.130, 23.155 Ah Chung, Re (1915) 11 Tas LR 173 ......................................................................................... 17.15 Ahmad v Secret Garden (Cheshire) Ltd [2013] 3 EGLR 42 .......................................... 37.100, 37.110 Ahmed & Co, Re (2006) 8 ITELR 779 ............................................................................. 17.40, 39.90 AIB Group (UK) plc v Mark Redler & Co Solicitors [2015] AC 1503 .......... 24.30, 24.35, 24.40, 34.15 Aid/​Watch Incorporated v Federal Commissioner of Taxation (2010) 241 CLR 539 ............................................................................................... 29.30, 29.40, 29.105 AIK Corporation Pty Ltd (admin apptd) v 119 Nicholson Road Pty Ltd [2015] WASC 391 ......... 25.45 Ainsworth v Criminal Justice Commission (1992) 175 CLR 564 ................................................. 37.15 Air Canada v British Columbia (1989) 59 DLR (4th) 161 ................................................ 8.105, 8.130 Air Canada v M & L Travel Ltd (1993) 108 DLR (4th) 592 ......................................................... 38.55 Air Express Ltd v Ansett Ltd v Sportsman's Australia Ltd [1991] 1 Qd R 301 ............................ 31.130 Air Express Ltd v Ansett Transport Industries (Operations) Pty Ltd (1981) 146 CLR 249 ......................................................................................................... 31.130, 31.140, 34.105 xxvi

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Table of Cases

Air Jamaica Ltd v Charlton [1999] 1 WLR 1399 ................................................. 19.85, 26.45, 28.195 Air New Zealand Ltd v Leibler (unreported, SC(Vic), 19 November 1996) ............................... 37.130 Airbus Industrie GIE v Patel [1999] 1 AC 119 .......................................................................... 31.195 AIT Investment Group Pty Ltd v Markham Property Fund No 2 Pty Ltd [2015] NSWSC 216 ...... 20.35 Aitken's Trust, Re [1964] NZLR 838 ........................................................................................... 25.70 Akai Pty Ltd v People's Insurance Co Ltd [1998] 1 Lloyd's Rep 90 ............................................ 31.195 Akers v Samba Financial Group [2017] AC 424 ......................................................................... 39.20 Akins v National Australia Bank (1994) 34 NSWLR 155 ............................................ 7.95, 9.20, 9.80, 9.105, P.150 Akita Holdings Ltd v Attorney-​General of the Turks and Caicos Islands [2017] AC 590 ............ 38.100 Akron Securities Ltd v Iliffe (1997) 41 NSWLR 353 ......................................................... 8.95, 35.110 Aktiebolaget Hässle v Biochemie Australia Pty Ltd (2003) 57 IPR 1 .......................................... 31.165 Alacoque v Roache [1998] 2 NZLR 250 ................................................................................... 29.370 Alati v Kruger (1955) 94 CLR 216 ............................................................ 35.10, 35.15, 35.40, 35.50 Alati v Wei Sheung (2000) 34 ACSR 489 ................................................................................. 19.140 Albion Insurance Co Ltd v Government Insurance Office (NSW) (1969) 121 CLR 342 .......................................................................................... 14.125, 14.130, 14.140, 14.185, 14.190, 14.195 Alcoa of Australia Retirement Plan Pty Ltd v Frost (2012) 36 VR 618 ....................................... 28.165 Alcorn v Canada (Commissioner of Corrections) (1997) 153 DLR (4th) 175 .............................. 31.50 Alderton v Prudential Assurance Company Ltd (1993) 41 FCR 435 ...................... 7.10, 7.165, 7.180, 7.280, 9.15, 9.155 Aldrich v Cooper (1803) 8 Ves 382; 32 ER 402 ....................... 14.50, 14.55, 14.215, 14.230, 14.240 Alec Finlayson Pty Ltd v Royal Freemason Benevolent Institution of New South Wales Nominees Ltd [2013] NSWSC 1168 ......................................................... 30.40 Alexander v Alexander [2011] WTLR 187 .................................................................................. 25.50 Alexander v Perpetual Trustees WA Ltd [2001] NSWCA 240 ....................................... 24.140, 24.150 Alexander v Perpetual Trustees WA Ltd (2004) 216 CLR 109 ........................... 24.15, 24.140, 24.150 Alexander v Tse [1988] 1 NZLR 318 .......................................................................................... 33.30 ALH Group Property Holdings Pty Ltd v Chief Commissioner of State Revenue (2012) 245 CLR 338 ......................................................................................................................... 3.10 Alice Springs Town Council v Mpweteyerre Aboriginal Corporation (1997) 139 FLR 236 ........ 29.240 Allan v Allan (No 2) (2012) 49 Fam LR 461 ............................................................................. 20.125 Allan v Rea Brothers Trustees Ltd [2002] EWCA Civ 85 .................................................. 24.160, P.185 Allcard v Skinner (1887) 36 Ch D 145 ........................................................... 7.30, 7.45, 7.55, 7.270 Allen-​Meyrick's Will Trusts, Re [1966] 1 WLR 499 ....................................................... 16.185, 23.175 Allen v Distillers Co (Biochemicals) Ltd [1974] 2 WLR 481 ......................................................... 25.65 Allen v Gold Reefs of West Africa Ltd [1900] 1 Ch 656 .............................................................. 25.15 Allen v Jambo Holdings Ltd [1980] 1 WLR 1252 ........................................................................ 32.45 Allen v Snyder [1977] 2 NSWLR 685 ............................................ 17.50, 18.25, 18.30, 26.05, 26.60, 26.130, 38.215, 38.220 Allen's Asphalt Pty Ltd v SPM Group Pty Ltd [2010] 1 Qd R 202 ................................................. 1.65 Allhusen v Whittell (1867) LR 4 Eq 295 ................................................................................... 22.150 Allied Arab Bank v Hajjar [1988] QB 787 ................................................................................. 32.130 Allied Irish Bank v Ashford Hotels Ltd [1997] 3 All ER 309 .......................................... 31.130, 36.135 Allied Irish Bank v Byrne [1995] 2 FLR 325 ................................................................................ 7.180 Allinson v Permanent Trustee Australia Ltd (unreported, SC(NSW), Powell J, 8 September 1988) .............................................................................................................. 21.100 Allnutt v Wilding [2007] BTC 8003 ........................................................................................... 37.65 Alma Hill Constructions Pty Ltd v Onal (2007) 16 VR 190 ......................................................... 3.135 Alpha Wealth Financial Services Pty Ltd v Frankland River Olive Company Ltd (2008) 66 ACSR 594 ....................................................................................................................... 8.115 Alsop Wilkinson (a firm) v Neary [1995] 1 All ER 431 .............................................................. 22.120 Alternative Investment Solutions (General) Ltd v Valle de Uco Resort and Spa SA [2013] EWHC 333 (QB) ....................................................................................................... 32.60 xxvii

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Equity and Trusts in Australia

Altson, Re [1955] VLR 281 .................................................................................. 17.15, 17.20, 23.95 Altson v Equity Trustees, Executors and Agency Co (1912) 14 CLR 341 ..................................... 23.85 Aluminium Industrie Vaassen BV v Romalpa Aluminium Ltd [1976] 1 WLR 676 .............. 16.70, 16.75 Amalgamated Investment & Property Co Ltd v Texas Commerce International Bank Ltd [1981] 3 All ER 577 ......................................................................................... 10.160, 10.310 Amaltal Corporation Ltd v Maruha Corporation [2007] 3 NZLR 192 ................... 4.265, 4.275, 34.45 Amaltal Corporation Ltd v Maruha (NZ) Corporation Ltd [2003] 2 NZLR 92 .................. 11.40, 13.95 Amaltal Corporation Ltd v Maruha (NZ) Corporation Ltd [2004] 2 NZLR 615 ................ 11.40, 13.95 Ambridge Investments Pty Ltd (in liq) v Baker [2010] VSC 59 ...................................... 37.15, 38.200 American Cyanamid Co v Ethicon Ltd [1975] AC 396 ............................. 6.320, 31.50, 31.90, 31.95, 31.100, 31.105, 31.120, 31.125, 31.130, 31.165 American Express International Banking Corp v Hurley [1985] 3 All ER 564 ............................... 36.30 American Surety Co of New York v Wrightson (1910) 103 LT 663 ........................................... 14.180 Amertek Inc v Canadian Commercial Corp (2005) 256 DLR (4th) 287 ...................................... 4.265 AMEV Finance Ltd v Artes Studios Thoroughbreds Pty Ltd (1989) 15 NSWLR 564 ..................... 13.55 AMEV-​UDC Finance Ltd v Austin (1986) 162 CLR 170 .................................................... 13.80, 13.95 AMI Australia Holdings Pty Ltd v Fairfax Media Publications Pty Ltd (2011) Aust Torts Rep 82-​077 .............................................................................................. 6.240, 6.305 Amit Laundry Pty Ltd v Jain [2017] NSWSC 1495 ........................................................ 26.80, 26.140 AMKMK v Chettiar [1955] AC 230 .......................................................................................... 39.100 AMM v HXW [2010] EWHC 2457 ............................................................................................... 6.95 Ammon v Consolidated Minerals Ltd (No 3) [2007] WASC 232 ....................................... 4.65, 6.235 AMP Society v Specialist Funding Consultants Pty Ltd (1991) 24 NSWLR 326 ......................... 30.110 AMP (UK) plc v Barker [2001] PLR 77 ........................................................................... 23.50, 28.185 AMP Workers' Compensation Services (NSW) Ltd v QBE Insurance Ltd (2001) 53 NSWLR 35 ....................................................................................................... 14.125, 14.200 Ampelite Fibreglass Pty Ltd v Alsynite Roofing Products Pty Ltd (2000) 49 IPR 271 ................. 31.155 Ampol Ltd v Calaby Pty Ltd (1991) 109 ALR 343 .................................................................... 10.320 Amtel Pty Ltd v Ah Chee [2015] WASC 341 ........................................................ 7.235, 7.250, 7.260 Amway Corporation v Eurway International Ltd [1974] RPC 82 ....................................... 6.50, 6.215 Anachuna Nwakobi v Eugene Nzekwu [1964] 1 WLR 1019 ....................................................... 30.80 Anaconda Nickel Ltd v Edensor Nominees Pty Ltd (2004) 50 ACSR 679 .................................. 10.310 Anderson v McPherson (No 2) (2012) 8 ASTLR 321 ........................................ 26.75, 26.120, 26.135 Andrabell Ltd, Re [1984] 3 All ER 407 ....................................................................................... 16.85 Andrew Garrett Wine Resorts Pty Ltd v National Australia Bank Ltd (No 7) (2005) 227 ALR 113 ........................................................................................................................ 17.40 Andrew Garrett Wines Resorts Pty Ltd v National Australia Bank Ltd [2006] SASC 381 ............ 21.125 Andrew Knox Holdings Pty Ltd v ANZ Banking Group Ltd [1997] ANZ Conv R 102 .................. 35.95 Andrew v Zant Pty Ltd [2004] FCA 1716 ................................................................................ 19.140 Andrews Advertising Pty Ltd v Andrews (2014) 99 ACSR 164 .................................................... 38.70 Andrews v Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Ltd (2011) 211 FCR 53 ......................... 13.15 Andrews v Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Ltd (2012) 247 CLR 205 ................................................................. 11.80, 13.05, 13.55, 13.95, 13.100, P.40 Androma Pty Ltd, Re [1987] 2 Qd R 134 ........................................................................ 3.105, 3.150 Anfrank Nominees Pty Ltd v Connell (1989) 1 ACSR 365 ........................................................ 37.115 Ange v First East Auction Holdings Pty Ltd (2011) 284 ALR 638 ................................................ 13.80 Angelides v James Steadman Hendersons Sweets Ltd (1927) 40 CLR 43 ................................. 30.175 Anglican Trusts Corporation of the Diocese of Gippsland v Attorney-​General [2008] VSC 352 ............................................................................................................................ 29.260 Anglo-​Italian Bank v Davies (1878) 9 Ch D 275 ...................................................................... 36.130 ANI Corporation Ltd v Celtite Australia Pty Ltd (1991) AIPC ¶90–​728 ......................................... 6.80 Annandale, Re [1986] 1 Qd R 353 .......................................................................................... 29.315 Anning v Anning (1907) 4 CLR 1049 .................................................................. 3.80, 18.95, 18.105

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Table of Cases

Ansell Rubber Co Pty Ltd v Allied Rubber Industries Pty Ltd [1967] VR 37 ............... 6.30, 6.55, 6.370 Ansett Australia Ground Staff Superannuation Fund Pty Ltd v Ansett Australia Ltd (2003) 176 FLR 393 ............................................................................................................. 37.35 Ansett Australia Ground Staff Superannuation Plan Pty Ltd (ACN 065 590 178) v Ansett Australia Ltd (ACN 004 209 410) (2004) 49 ACSR 1 ............................................... 23.170 Ansett Australia Ground Staff Superannuation Plan Pty Ltd v Ansett Australia Ltd (2002) 174 FLR 1 ............................................................................................................... 28.150 Anson v Anson (2004) 12 BPR 22,303 .......................... 26.90, 38.15, 38.190, 38.205, 38.250, P.110 Anson v Potter (1879) 13 Ch D 141 ........................................................................................ 25.140 Antill v Mostyn [2010] NSWSC 587 ................................................................ 22.30, 22.180, 22.220 Anton Piller KG v Manufacturing Processes Ltd [1976] 1 Ch 55 .................................. 32.145, 32.155 Antoni v Antoni [2007] UKPC 10 ............................................................................................ 26.145 Anvil Jewellery Ltd v Riva Ridge Holdings Ltd [1987] 1 NZLR 35 .................................. 31.50, 32.185 ANZ Banking Group Ltd v Widin (1990) 26 FCR 21 ............................................ 12.25, 12.35, 12.80 ANZ Executors and Trustees Ltd v Humes Ltd [1990] VR 615 ..................................... 33.135, 33.145 ANZ Trustees Ltd v Attorney-​General [2008] NSWSC 1081 ..................................................... 29.180 Apand Pty Ltd v Kettle Chip Company Pty Ltd (1999) 43 IPR 225 ........................................... 34.160 APM Wood Products Pty Ltd v Kimberley Homes Pty Ltd (unreported, SC(NSW), 17 February 1989) ............................................................................................................. 30.110 Apostolou v VA Corporation Aust Pty Ltd (2010) 77 ACSR 84 ................................................. 23.130 Apostolovski v Total Risk Management Pty Ltd (2010) 79 NSWLR 432 ...................................... 28.85 Apotex Fermentation Inc v Novopharm Ltd (1998) 162 DLR (4th) 111 ..................................... 6.345 Apple Fields Ltd v Damesh Holdings Ltd [2001] 1 NZLR 194 .................................................... 34.50 Applegate v Moss [1971] 1 QB 406 ........................................................................................ 24.185 Aquaculture Corporation v NZ Green Mussel Co Ltd [1990] 3 NZLR 299 .................... 6.360, 34.125, P.45, P.50 Aquasun Pty Ltd v Coverdale Ram Pty Ltd [2000] NSWSC 1146 ......................... 32.40, 32.65, 32.70 Aquilina Holdings Pty Ltd v Lynndell Pty Ltd [2008] QSC 57 ..................................................... 14.70 Arab Bank Australia Ltd v Sayde Developments Pty Ltd (2016) 93 NSWLR 231 ......................... 13.50 Arakella Pty Ltd v Paton (2004) 60 NSWLR 334 ............................................................. 25.35, 25.45 Arakella Pty Ltd v Paton (No 2) (2004) 49 ACSR 706 ......................... 22.10, 24.200, 24.205, 24.210 Ararimu Holdings Ltd, Re [1989] 3 NZLR 487 ......................................................................... 39.100 Arcadia Holdings Pty Ltd v Brown (1997) 18 WAR 350 ........................................................... 10.155 Archbishop of Melbourne v Council of Trustees of National Gallery (Vic) [1998] 2 VR 391 ........ 31.75 Archer v Archer [2000] NSWCA 314 ........................................................................................... 7.10 Ari v Decevic [2013] NSWSC 1967 ........................................................................................... 11.75 Ariaans v Hastings (1996) 36 IPR 211 ........................................................................................ 30.10 Ariell (No 2), Re [1974] Qd R 293 ........................................................................................... 18.130 Aries Tanker Corp v Total Transport Ltd (“The Aries”) [1977] 1 Lloyd's Rep 334 ...................... 30.125 Aristoc Industries Pty Ltd v R A Wenham (Builders) Pty Ltd [1965] NSWR 581 ................................................................................................... 31.50, 33.45, 37.145 Aristrocrat Techologies Australia Pty Ltd v Allam (2016) 327 ALR 595 ....................................... 31.80 Arjon Pty Ltd v Commissioner of State Revenue (2003) 8 VR 502 ............................................ 23.125 Arklow Investments Ltd v MacLean [2000] 1 WLR 594 .................................. 4.45, 4.55, 4.290, P.145 Armitage v Nurse [1998] Ch 241 ................................................................. 24.105, 24.145, 24.150, 24.185, 24.190 Armour v Thyssen Edelstahlwerke AG [1991] 2 AC 339 ............................................................. 16.75 Armstrong, Re [1960] VR 202 ................................................................................................... 17.10 Armstrong v Armstrong (2004) FLC ¶93–​190 ......................................................................... 38.250 Armstrong v Attorney-​General (NSW) (1934) 34 SR (NSW) 54 ................................................. 29.75 Armstrong v Commissioner of Stamp Duties (1967) 69 SR (NSW) 38 ........................ 14.170, 14.180 Armstrong v Commonwealth Bank of Australia (1999) 9 BPR 17,035 ........................................ 7.235 Armstrong World Industries (Australia) Pty Ltd v Parma (2014) 101 ACSR 150 ......................................................................................... 31.100, 31.145, 31.165

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Equity and Trusts in Australia

Arnot v Hill-​Douglas [2006] NSWSC 429 ................................................................................ 10.205 Arrowcrest Group Pty Ltd v Ford Motor Company of Australia Ltd [2002] FCA 1450 ................. 9.175 Artcraft Pty Ltd v Dickson [2014] SASC 108 ............................................................................ 38.100 Arthur Andersen & Co v Gibson [2002] BCL 715 ...................................................................... 4.245 Arthur Barnett Ltd v National Insurance Co of New Zealand Ltd [1965] NZLR 874 ....... 14.20, 14.30, 14.35, 14.45 Arthur Brady Family Trust, Re [2015] 2 Qd R 172 ...................................................................... 25.45 Arthur v Public Trustee (1988) 90 FLR 203 ................................................................... 26.80, 38.195 ASA Constructions Pty Ltd v Iwanov [1975] 1 NSWLR 512 .............................. 34.75, 34.115, 34.120 ASB Bank Ltd v Harlick [1996] 1 NZLR 655 ........................................................... 7.45, 7.125, 7.180 ASB Securities Ltd v Guerts [2005] 1 NZLR 484 ......................................................................... 8.140 Ascot Investments Pty Ltd v Harper (1981) 148 CLR 337 ........................................................ 20.135 Asea Brown Boveri Superannuation Fund No 1 Pty Ltd v Asea Brown Boveri Pty Ltd [1999] 1 VR 144 ..................................................................................................... 23.35, 28.170 Ash v Ash (No 2) [2017] VSC 569 ............................................................................................. 24.70 Ashfield Municipal Council v Joyce [1978] AC 122 .................................................................. 29.200 Ashrafinia v Ashrafinia (No 4) [2014] NSWSC 676 .................................................................. 21.115 Ashton (deceased), Re [1955] NZLR 192 .......................................... 29.180, 29.185, 29.295, 29.300 Ashton v Ashton (1986) FLC ¶91–​777 .................................................................................... 20.135 Ashworth v Royal National Theatre [2014] 4 All ER 238 ............................................................ 33.80 Asia Pacific International Pty Ltd v Dalrymple [2000] 2 Qd R 229 ..................................... 9.45, 9.140 Aslan v Kopf (unreported, CA(NSW), 16 May 1995) ............................................................... 38.135 Aspermont Ltd v Lechmere Financial Corporation (2002) 27 WAR 1 .............................. 32.25, 32.45 Aspinall, Re (1913) 30 WN (NSW) 215 ................................................................................... 22.225 Assicurazioni Generali de Trieste v Empress Assurance Corporation Ltd [1907] 2 KB 814 ........... 14.45 Associated Alloys Pty Ltd v ACN 001 452 106 Pty Ltd (in liq) (2000) 202 CLR 588 ................................................................................. 16.80, 16.85, 16.115, 16.165, 17.15, 17.90, 27.90 Associated Alloys Pty Ltd v Metropolitan Engineering and Fabrications Pty Ltd (1996) 20 ACSR 205 ....................................................................................................................... 16.80 Associated Japanese Bank (International) Ltd v Credit du Nord SA [1988] 3 All ER 902 .............................................................................................................. 8.145, 8.160 Associated Minerals Consolidated Ltd v Wyong Shire Council [1975] AC 538 ................ 30.55, 30.80 Associated Newspapers Ltd v His Royal Highness The Prince of Wales [2008] Ch 57 ................. 6.120 Associated Securities Ltd and the Companies Act, Re [1981] 1 NSWLR 742 ................. 27.65, 27.100 Association of Franciscan Order of Friars Minor v City of Kew [1967] VR 732 ............ 29.175, 29.195, 29.200 Astley v Austrust Ltd (1999) 197 CLR 1 ..................................................................................... 34.50 Astor's Settlement Trusts, Re [1952] Ch 534 ............................................................... 17.150, 17.155 Astram Financial Services Pty Ltd v Bank of Queensland Ltd [2010] FCA 1010 .......................... 27.25 Atilgan v Atilgan [1999] NSWSC 324 ........................................................................................ 26.75 Atkins v Godfrey [2006] WASC 83 ............................................................................................ 22.90 Atkinson (deceased), Re [1971] VR 612 ..................................................................................... 22.10 Atkinson's Will Trusts, Re [1956] 3 All ER 738 ............................................................................ 26.20 Atlantis Holdings Pty Ltd, Re [2012] NSWSC 112 .................................................................... 23.180 Attenborough v Solomon [1913] AC 76 ................................................................................. 16.205 Attorney-​General for England and Wales v R [2002] 2 NZLR 91 ........................................ 7.190, P.55 Attorney-​General for England and Wales v R [2004] 2 NZLR 577 ................................................ 7.55 Attorney-​General for England and Wales v Television New Zealand Ltd (1998) 44 IPR 123 ........................................................................................................................... 6.160 Attorney-​General (Hong Kong) v Reid [1994] 1 AC 324 ................................................. 38.35, 38.40 Attorney-​General (NSW) v Eagar (1864) 3 SCR (NSW) 234 ..................................................... 29.190 Attorney-​General (NSW) v Elliott (1868) 6 SCR (NSW) Eq 85 .................................................. 21.110 Attorney-​General (NSW) v Metcalfe (1904) 1 CLR 421 ............................................................ 29.290 Attorney-​General (NSW) v Perpetual Trustee Co Ltd (1940) 63 CLR 209 .................... 29.155, 29.315 xxx

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Table of Cases

Attorney-​General (NSW) v Quin (1990) 170 CLR 1 ................................................................. 10.395 Attorney-​General (NSW) v Sawtell [1978] 2 NSWLR 200 ......................................................... 29.220 Attorney-​General (NSW) v Walker (1914) 31 WN (NSW) 59 ................................................... 29.240 Attorney-​General (NSW) v World Best Holdings Ltd (2005) 63 NSWLR 557 .................... 9.190, P.155 Attorney-​General of Manitoba and Metropolitan Stores (MTS) Ltd, Re (1987) 38 DLR (4th) 321 ............................................................................................................... 31.125 Attorney-​General of Ontario v Ballard Estate (1995) 119 DLR (4th) 750 .................................... 20.60 Attorney-​General of the Cayman Islands v Wahr-​Hansen [2001] 1 AC 75 ................................ 29.290 Attorney-​General (SA) v Bray (1964) 111 CLR 402 .................................................................. 29.220 Attorney-​General (UK) v Heinemann Publishers Australia Pty Ltd (1987) 8 NSWLR 341 ........... 30.175 Attorney-​General (UK) v Heinemann Publishers Australia Pty Ltd (1987) 10 NSWLR 86 ................................................................................................... 5.10, 6.80, 6.155, 6.160, 6.230, 6.285 Attorney-​General (UK) v Heinemann Publishers Australia Pty Ltd (1988) 165 CLR 30 .............................................................................................................. 6.160, 6.285 Attorney-​General (UK) v Wellington Newspapers Ltd [1988] 1 NZLR 129 ............................................................................................ 6.10, 6.80, 6.160, 6.285 Attorney-​General v Alford (1855) 4 De GM & G 843; 43 ER 737 .............................................. 24.65 Attorney-​General v Blake [1998] 1 All ER 833 .................................................................. 4.45, 4.290, P.60, P.145 Attorney-​General v Blake [2001] 1 AC 268 ................................................ 4.45, 4.290, 6.75, 34.115, 39.80, P.60, P.65, P.145 Attorney-​General v Cahill [1969] 1 NSWLR 85 ........................................................................ 29.260 Attorney-​General v Forestry Corporation of New Zealand Ltd [2001] 1 NZLR 172 .................. 16.140 Attorney-​General v Fulham [2002] NSWSC 629 ......................................................... 29.340, 29.365 Attorney-​General v Gray [1977] 1 NSWLR 406 ....................................................................... 10.360 Attorney-​General v Guardian Newspapers Ltd (No 2) [1990] 1 AC 109 ........................................................................................... 6.155, 6.160, 6.230, 6.240, 6.255, 6.295, 6.325, 6.345 Attorney-​General v Guardian Newspapers (No 2) [1990] 1 AC 109 ............................... 6.160, 6.255 Attorney-​General v Jacobs Smith [1895] 2 QB 341 ....................................................... 2.125, 18.115 Attorney-​General v Jonathan Cape Ltd [1976] 1 QB 752 ........................................................... 6.155 Attorney-​General v Marchant (1866) LR 3 Eq 424 ................................................................... 29.145 Attorney-​General v Murdoch (1856) 2 K & J 571; 69 ER 910 .................................................. 21.130 Attorney-​General v New South Wales Henry George Foundation Ltd [2002] NSWSC 1128 ..................................................................................................................... 29.105 Attorney-​General v Punch Ltd [2003] 1 AC 1046 ................................................ 6.245, 6.325, 31.15 Attorney-​General v Schonfield [1980] 3 All ER 1 ...................................................................... 24.125 Attorney-​General v Sheffield Gas Consumers Co (1853) 3 De GM & G 304; 43 ER 119 ............ 31.75 Atwell v Atwell [2002] TASSC 119 ............................................................................................. 17.20 Atwell v Roberts (2012) 43 WAR 507 ........................................................................................ 1.115 Atwood v Maude (1868) LR 3 Ch App 369 ............................................................................. 38.175 Auag Resources Ltd v Waihi Mines Ltd [1994] 3 NZLR 571 .............................................. 4.65, 4.215 Auckland Area Health Board v Television New Zealand Ltd [1992] 3 NZLR 406 ....................... 31.175 Auckland Medical Aid Trust v Commissioner of Inland Revenue [1979] 1 NZLR 382 ............................................................................................. 29.135, 29.145, 29.280 Audio Visual Copyright Society Ltd v Australian Record Industry Association Ltd (1999) 152 FLR 142 ........................................................................................................................ 25.45 Ausbro Forex Pty Ltd v Mare (1986) 4 NSWLR 419 ................................................................... 32.40 Ausintel Investments Australia Pty Ltd v Lam (1990) 19 NSWLR 637 ................. 27.65, 27.95, 27.100 Aussie Invest Corporation Pty Ltd v Pulcesia Pty Ltd (2005) 13 VR 168 ................ 11.30, 11.55, 11.75 Aussiegolfa Pty Ltd v Commissioner of Taxation [2018] FCAFC 122 .......................................... 28.20 Austec Wagga Wagga Pty Ltd v Rarebreed Wagga Pty Ltd [2012] NSWSC 343 ....................... 21.125 Austin v Austin (1906) 3 CLR 516 ............................................................................................. 22.20 Austin v Keele (1987) 61 ALJR 605 .................................................................. 26.80, 26.100, 38.225 xxxi

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Equity and Trusts in Australia

Austin v Royal (1999) 47 NSWLR 27 ......................................................................................... 14.70 Austino Wentworthville Pty Ltd v Metroland Australia Ltd (2013) 93 ACSR 297 .......................... 3.35 Austin's Settlement, Re [1960] VR 532 ...................................................................................... 23.95 Austotel Pty Ltd v Franklins Selfserve Pty Ltd (1989) 16 NSWLR 582 .............. 10.75, 10.165, 10.195, 10.270, 10.310, 10.345 Austral Standard Cables Pty Ltd v Walker Nominees Pty Ltd (1992) 26 NSWLR 524 .................................................................................................................. 10.295 Australasian Annuities Pty Ltd (in liq) v Rowley Super Fund Pty Ltd (2015) 318 ALR 302 ........... 24.65 Australasian Conference Association Ltd v Mainline Constructions Pty Ltd (in liq) (1978) 141 CLR 335 ................................................................................................ 14.50, 14.55, 14.70, 27.95 Australasian Performing Right Association Ltd v Austarama Television Pty Ltd [1972] 2 NSWLR 467 ....................................................................... 30.15, 37.90, 37.100 Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Ltd v Alirezai (2002) Q ConvR ¶54–​574 .................................................................................................... 7.165, 9.115 Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Ltd v Alirezai (2004) Q ConvR ¶54–​601 .............................................................................. 7.165, 7.180, 7.255, 9.115 Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Ltd v Barry [1992] 2 Qd R 12 ................................... 9.80 Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Ltd v Dzienciol [2001] WASC 305 ....................................................................................................... 7.235, 9.25, 9.155 Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Ltd v Karam (2006) 64 NSWLR 149 ......................... 8.15 Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Ltd v National Mutual Life Nominees Ltd (1977) 15 ALR 287 ................................................................................................................ 2.60 Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Ltd v Petrik [1996] 2 VR 638 ............ 7.280, 9.155, 35.25 Australia Asia Pacific Hotels Ltd v Australian Frontier Holiday Operations Pty Ltd [2000] NSWSC 340 ............................................................................................................. 31.65 Australia Capital Financial Management Pty Ltd v Linfield Developments Pty Ltd (2017) 18 BPR 36,683 ....................................................................................... 1.140, 2.60, 2.70 Australia Estates Pty Ltd v Cairns City Council [2005] QCA 328 ...................................... 8.185, 8.190 Australian Boot Traders Employees' Federation v Commonwealth (1954) 90 CLR 24 ................................................................................................................ 37.15, 37.30 Australian Broadcasting Corporation v Lenah Game Meats Pty Ltd (2001) 208 CLR 199 .............................................................................. 6.10, 6.25, 6.120, 6.265, 6.270, 6.275, 6.375, 31.05, 31.30, 31.35, 31.175, P.140, P.160 Australian Broadcasting Corporation v O'Neill (2006) 227 CLR 57 ................... 31.90, 31.95, 31.100, 31.105, 31.175, 31.180 Australian Building & Technical Solutions Pty Ltd v Boumelhem (2009) 2 ASTLR 336 ......................................................................................................... 38.195, 38.210 Australian Capital Television Pty Ltd v Commonwealth (No 2) (1992) 177 CLR 106 ................................................................................................................ 5.10, 5.30 Australian Capital Territory Commissioner for Revenue v Slaven (2009) 178 FCR 334 ............. 23.130 Australian Co-​operative Foods Ltd v Norco Co-​operative Ltd (1999) 46 NSWLR 267 ..................................................................................................... 10.200, 10.205 Australian Coal and Shale Employees' Federation v Commonwealth (1953) 94 CLR 621 .......................................................................................................................... P.180 Australian Coarse Grain Pool Pty Ltd v Barley Marketing Board of Queensland (1982) 157 CLR 605 ..................................................................................................................... 31.160 Australian Competition and Consumer Commission v 4WD Systems Pty Ltd (2003) 200 ALR 491 ............................................................................................................. 9.175, 31.05 Australian Competition and Consumer Commission v Albert (2005) 223 ALR 467 .................... 31.15 Australian Competition and Consumer Commission v C G Berbatis Holdings Pty Ltd (2000) 96 FCR 491; 169 ALR 324 .............................................................................. 9.170, P.150 Australian Competition and Consumer Commission v C G Berbatis Holdings Pty Ltd (2003) 214 CLR 51 ....................................................................... 8.15, 9.25, 9.170, 9.175, P.160

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Table of Cases

Australian Competition and Consumer Commission v Chaste Corporation Pty Ltd (in liq) (2003) 44 ACSR 668 ......................................................................................... 32.135 Australian Competition and Consumer Commission v Chats House Investments Pty Ltd (1996) 22 ACSR 539 ...................................................................................................... 9.170 Australian Competition and Consumer Commission v Danoz Direct Pty Ltd (2003) 60 IPR 296 ........................................................................................................................... 37.30 Australian Competition and Consumer Commission v Gary Peer & Associates Pty Ltd (2005) 142 FCR 506 ...................................................................................................... 37.60 Australian Competition and Consumer Commission v Lee Lee Pty Ltd (2000) ATPR ¶41–​742  ..................................................................................................................... 9.185 Australian Competition and Consumer Commission v Lux Distributors Pty Ltd [2013] FCAFC 90 ............................................................................................................................ 9.190 Australian Competition and Consumer Commission v Lux Pty Ltd [2004] FCA 926 ................... 9.185 Australian Competition and Consumer Commission v MSY Technology Pty Ltd (2012) 201 FCR 378 ............................................................................................................ 37.05 Australian Competition and Consumer Commission v Samton Holdings Pty Ltd (2002) 117 FCR 301; 189 ALR 76 ................................................................................ 9.25, 9.45, 9.170, P.150 Australian Competition and Consumer Commission v Simply No-​Knead (Franchising) Pty Ltd (2000) 178 ALR 304 ................................................................................................. 9.180 Australian Competition and Consumer Commission v Z-​Tek Computer Pty Ltd (1997) 78 FCR 197 ......................................................................................................................... 31.05 Australian Competition and Consumer Commission v Zanok Technologies Pty Ltd [2009] FCA 1124 ................................................................................................................. 31.05 Australian Conservation Foundation Inc v Commissioner of State Revenue [2002] VCAT 1491 .29.230 Australian Conservation Foundation Inc v Commonwealth (1980) 146 CLR 493 ....................... 37.45 Australian Conservation Services Pty Ltd v Liladel Holdings Pty Ltd (2017) 12 ACTLR 124 ......... 21.55 Australian Consolidated Investments Ltd v England (1995) 183 LSJS 408 .................................. 9.170 Australian Crime Commission v Gray [2003] NSWCA 318 ......................................... 10.115, 10.130, 10.135, 10.270 Australian Eagle Insurance Co Ltd v Mutual Acceptance (Insurance) Pty Ltd [1983] 3 NSWLR 59 ...................................................................................................................... 14.190 Australian Elizabethan Theatre Trust, Re (1991) 102 ALR 681 ............... 16.110, 27.80, 27.95, 27.100 Australian Executor Trustees Ltd v Attorney-​General (WA) [2015] WASC 439 .......................... 23.170 Australian Executor Trustees Ltd v Ceduna District Health Services Inc (2006) 245 LSJS 371 ..................................................................................................................... 29.330 Australian Executor Trustees Ltd v Provident Capital Ltd (recs and mgrs apptd) (in liq) [2013] FCA 1461 ...................................................................................................... 36.85 Australian Federal Police, Commissioner of v Cornwell (1990) 98 ALR 677 .............................. 23.125 Australian Financial Services and Leasing Pty Ltd v Hills Industries Ltd (2014) 253 CLR 560 .......................................................................................................... 6.260, 14.105 Australian Football League v The Age Company Ltd (2006) 15 VR 419 ........................... 6.80, 6.295, 6.305, 6.320 Australian Guarantee Corp (NZ) Ltd v CFC Commercial Finance Ltd [1995] 1 NZLR 129 ................................................................................................ 2.10, 2.25, 2.40, 2.70 Australian Gypsum Ltd and Australian Plaster Co Ltd v Hume Steel Ltd (1930) 45 CLR 54 ......................................................................................................................... 37.105 Australian Hardwoods Pty Ltd v Commissioner for Railways [1961] 1 WLR 425 ................................................................................................. 33.05, 33.150, 33.160 Australian Home Finance Pty Ltd, Re [1956] VLR 1 ................................. 27.20, 27.65, 39.90, 39.110 Australian Horizons (Vic) Pty Ltd v Ryan Land Co Pty Ltd [1994] 2 VR 463 .............................. 10.220 Australian Iron and Steel Pty Ltd v Buck [1982] 2 NSWLR 889 ........................................ 32.65, 32.80 Australian Mutual Provident Society v Gregory (1908) 5 CLR 615 ............................................... 2.60 Australian National Airlines v Commonwealth of Australia (1986) 66 ALR 545 ........................ 31.145

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Equity and Trusts in Australia

Australian Olympic Committee Inc v Big Fights Inc (1999) 46 IPR 53 ...................................... 10.320 Australian Olympic Committee Inc v Big Fights Inc (No 2) (2000) 176 ALR 124 ........... 21.80, 25.150 Australian Postal Corporation v Gray (1989) 98 FLR 468 ......................................................... 31.185 Australian Postal Corporation v Lutak (1991) 21 NSWLR 584 ............................. 24.80, 26.40, 38.10, 39.75, 39.80 Australian Regional Credit Pty Ltd v Mula (2009) 14 BPR 26,779 .............................................. 7.255 Australian Securities and Investments Commission v Adler (No 3) (2002) 20 ACLC 576 ....................................................................................................................... 34.25 Australian Securities and Investments Commission v Arafura Equities Pty Ltd (2005) 56 ACSR 429 .............................................................................. 31.05, 36.05, 36.160 Australian Securities and Investments Commission v Atlantic 3–​Financial (Aust) Pty Ltd [2004] 1 Qd R 591 ...................................................................................................... 36.125 Australian Securities and Investments Commission v Australian Investors Forum Pty Ltd (2003) 44 ACSR 503 ...................................................................................................... 36.85 Australian Securities and Investments Commission v Australian Lending Centre Pty Ltd (No 3) (2012) 213 FCR 380 .................................................................................. 9.35, 9.195 Australian Securities and Investments Commission v Australian Property Custodian Holdings Ltd (recs and mgrs apptd) (in liq) (controllers appt) (No 3) [2013] FCA 1342 ...................................................................................................... 22.25 Australian Securities and Investments Commission v Burke [2000] NSWSC 694 ...................... 32.125 Australian Securities and Investments Commission v Burnard (2007) 64 ACSR 360 ................... 38.15 Australian Securities and Investments Commission v Carey (No 6) (2006) 153 FCR 509 ........................................................................................... 20.125, 20.135, 25.145 Australian Securities and Investments Commission v Chase Capital Management Pty Ltd (2001) 36 ACSR 778 .................................................................................................... 28.240 Australian Securities and Investments Commission v Citigroup Global Markets Australia Pty Ltd (No 4) (2007) 160 FCR 35 ........................................................................... 4.30 Australian Securities and Investments Commission v Commercial Nominees of Australia Ltd (2002) 42 ACSR 240 ...................................................................................... 23.170 Australian Securities and Investments Commission v Drake (No 2) (2016) 340 ALR 75 ................................................................................................ 22.25, 22.190, 24.150 Australian Securities and Investments Commission v Enterprise Solutions 2000 Pty Ltd [2003] 1 Qd R 135 ............................................................................................................ 28.240 Australian Securities and Investments Commission v HLP Financial Planning (Aust) Pty Ltd (2007) 164 FCR 487 ...................................................................................................... 37.10 Australian Securities and Investments Commission v John McKenney Consulting Pty Ltd (2002) 43 ACSR 458 ...................................................................................................... 1.105 Australian Securities and Investments Commission v Koala Quality Produce Ltd (2002) 41 ACSR 628 .......................................................................................................... 28.240 Australian Securities and Investments Commission v Lawrenson Light Metal Die Casting Pty Ltd (1999) 158 FLR 307 .......................................................... 1.160, 36.125, 36.160 Australian Securities and Investments Commission v Letten (No 7) (2010) 190 FCR 59 ....................................................................................................................... 39.115 Australian Securities and Investments Commission v Mapstone (2006) 59 ACSR 214 ....................................................................................................................... 31.05 Australian Securities and Investments Commission v Marshall Bell Hawkins Ltd (2002) 43 ACSR 340 ........................................................................................................ 32.125, 36.160 Australian Securities and Investments Commission v Mauer-​Swisse Securities Ltd (2002) 42 ACSR 605 ............................................................................................................ 31.05 Australian Securities and Investments Commission v National Exchange Pty Ltd (2005) 148 FCR 132 ............................................................................................................ 9.180 Australian Securities and Investments Commission v Nelson (2003) 44 ACSR 719 ................... 39.115 Australian Securities and Investments Commission v Storm Financial Ltd (recs and mgrs apptd) (in liq) (No 5) (2012) 91 ACSR 122 ................................................................. 31.05 Australian Securities and Investments Commission v Sydney Investment House Equities Pty Ltd (No 2) [2006] NSWSC 1264 ..................................................................... 24.125 xxxiv

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Table of Cases

Australian Securities and Investments Commission v Takaran Pty Ltd (2002) 170 FLR 388 ...................................................................................................................... 28.240 Australian Securities and Investments Commission v Takaran Pty Ltd (No 2) (2002) 194 ALR 743 ............................................................................................................. 36.05, 36.85 Australian Securities and Investments Commission v Triton Underwriting Insurance Agency (2004) 48 ACSR 249 ............................................................................................... 31.05 Australian Securities and Investments Commission v Young (2003) 173 FLR 441 .................... 36.160 Australian Securities Commission v AS Nominees Ltd (1995) 133 ALR 1 ............ 22.25, 28.90, 28.250 Australian Securities Commission v Cooke (1996) 22 ACSR 580 .............................................. 36.160 Australian Securities Commission v Marlborough Gold Mines Ltd (1993) 177 CLR 485 ........... 10.165 Australian Softwood Forests Pty Ltd v Attorney-​General (NSW) (1981) 148 CLR 121 ............... 28.240 Australian Steel & Mining Corporation Pty Ltd v Corben [1974] 2 NSWLR 202 ........................... 8.90 Australian Trade Commission v Film Funding & Management Pty Ltd (1989) 24 FCR 595 ....................................................................................................................... 19.140 Australian Workers' Union v Yallourn Energy Pty Ltd (2000) 95 IR 207 .................................... 31.195 Authorson v Canada (Attorney General) (2002) 215 DLR (4th) 496 ...................... 5.35, 16.15, 16.45 Autocaps (Aust) Pty Ltd v Pro-​Kit Pty Ltd (1999) AIPC ¶91–​516 ........................................ 30.35, P.40 Autodesk Inc v Dyason (1992) 173 CLR 331 ............................................................................... 6.15 Autodesk Inc v Dyason (No 2) (1993) 176 CLR 300 ......................................................... 6.15, 10.30 Automobile and General Finance Co Ltd v Hoskins Investments Ltd (1934) 34 SR (NSW) 375 .....................................................................................................................P.70, P.75 Auzcare Pty Ltd v Idameneo (No 123) Pty Ltd (2015) 91 NSWLR 581 ....................................... 13.70 Avanes v Marshall (2007) 68 NSWLR 595 ...................................................................... 20.35, 20.60 Avard v Harrison (1986) ASC ¶55–​525 .................................................................................... 37.145 Avco Financial Services Ltd v Commonwealth Bank of Australia (1989) 17 NSWLR 679 ............. 1.150 Avco Financial Services Ltd v White [1977] VR 561 .......................................................... 1.150, 2.55 Aveling v Knipe (1815) 19 Ves 441; 34 ER 580 ........................................................................ 26.110 Avon County Council v Howlett [1983] 1 WLR 605 ................................................................... 8.115 Avondale Printers & Stationers Ltd v Haggie [1979] 2 NZLR 124 ................................................ 8.40 AWA Ltd v Exicom Australia Pty Ltd (1990) 19 NSWLR 705 .......................................... 30.85, 30.110 AWB Ltd v Cole (No 2) (2006) 233 ALR 453 ............................................................................. 37.05 AXA Trustees Ltd v Attorney-​General [2000] VSC 530 ................................................ 22.190, 22.200 Axelsen v O'Brien (1949) 80 CLR 219 ..................................................................................... 33.145 Axxess Australia Pty Ltd v Primus Telecommunications (Aust) Pty Ltd [2000] VSC 64 ................ 31.55 Ayerst (Inspector of Taxes) v C & K (Construction) Ltd [1976] AC 167 ........................................ 1.10 Ayerst v C& K (Construction) Ltd [1976] AC 167 ...................................................................... 17.40 Ayerst v Jenkins (1873) LR 16 Eq 275 ........................................................................................ 19.30 AYSA Amateur Youth Soccer Association v Canada (Revenue Agency) [2007] 3 SCR 217 ......... 29.255

B B Johnson & Co (Builders) Ltd, Re [1955] Ch 634 ............................................... 36.20, 36.25, 36.45 B (KL) v British Columbia [2003] 2 SCR 403 .............................................................................. 4.310 B Liggett (Liverpool) Ltd v Barclays Bank Ltd [1928] 1 KB 48 .................................................... 14.85 B v R (1996) 10 PRNZ 73 .......................................................................................................... 4.310 B v X [2011] 2 NZLR 405 .......................................................................................................... 16.05 Babanaft International Co SA v Bassante [1989] 1 All ER 433 .................................................. 32.110 Babsari Pty Ltd v Wong [2000] 2 Qd R 576 ............................................................................... 8.150 Baburin v Baburin [1990] 2 Qd R 101 ................................................................... 7.80, 30.15, 30.20 Baburin v Baburin (No 2) [1991] 2 Qd R 240 ...................................................... 7.270, 30.15, 30.20 Bacchus Marsh Concentrated Milk Co Ltd v Joseph Nathan & Co Ltd (1918) 26 CLR 410 ......................................................................................................................... 37.65 Bacich v Australian Broadcasting Corporation (1992) 29 NSWLR 1 ............................................. 6.80 Bacon, Re [1907] 1 Ch 475 ..................................................................................................... 21.135 Bacon v O'Dea (1989) 88 ALR 486 .......................................................................................... 17.170 xxxv

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Equity and Trusts in Australia

Bacon v Pianta (1966) 114 CLR 634 ....................................................................................... 17.175 Baden v Societe Generale pour Favoriser le Developpement du Commerce et de L'Industrie en France SA [1992] 4 All ER 161 ........................................................................ 38.80 Baden's Deed Trusts (No 2), Re [1973] Ch 9 .............................................................. 17.115, 17.120 Badman v Drake [2008] NSWSC 1366 ...................................................................................... 7.130 Baglioni v Cavalli (1900) 83 LT 500 ........................................................................................ 14.245 Bahin v Hughes (1886) 31 Ch D 390 ...................................................................................... 23.160 Bahr v Nicolay (No 2) (1988) 164 CLR 604 .................... 1.05, 14.60, 16.125, 16.145, 17.50, 38.130 Bailey v Bailey [2009] NSWSC 1018 ........................................................................................ 21.110 Bailey v Barnes [1894] 1 Ch 25 ...................................................................................... 2.100, 2.130 Bailey v Cassaniti (1991) 5 BPR 11,683 ..................................................................................... 30.50 Baillie, Re [1928] VLR 171 ............................................................................................ 22.135, 23.40 Baillieu v Australian Electoral Commission (1996) 33 IPR 494 ..................................... 10.195, 10.230 Bain, Re [1939] 1 Ch 224 ....................................................................................................... 29.185 Baird v BCE Holdings Pty Ltd (1996) 40 NSWLR 374 ............... 30.150, 35.05, 35.40, 35.110, 37.120 Baird v Chambers (2010) 15 BPR 28,337 .................................................................................. 11.75 Baird v Smee [2000] NSWCA 253 .............................................................................. 38.135, 38.140 Baker (deceased), Re [1961] VR 641 ......................................................................................... 25.35 Baker v Affoo [2014] QSC 46 ...................................................................................................... 7.30 Baker v Local Government Superannuation Schemes Pty Ltd [2007] NSWSC 1173 ................. 28.160 Bakewell v Holme (1943) 44 SR (NSW) 150 ............................................................................ 22.165 Baldwin v Greenland [2005] QSC 386 ...................................................................................... 21.20 Baldwin v Greenland [2007] 1 Qd R 117 ..................................................................... 21.20, 21.110 Balfour, Re [1916] VLR 397 ....................................................................................................... 21.10 Balkanbank v Taher [1995] 2 All ER 904 .................................................................................. 31.140 Balkin v Peck (1998) 43 NSWLR 706 .......................................................................... 23.140, 23.145 Ball v Fawcett [1997] 1 NZLR 743 ........................................................................................... 38.195 Ballabil Holdings Pty Ltd v Hospital Products Ltd (1985) 1 NSWLR 155 ........................ 32.30, 32.115 Ballarat Trustees Executors and Agency Co v Federal Commissioner of Taxation (1950) 80 CLR 350 ............................................................................................................ 29.115 Ballard Estate v Ballard Estate (1991) 79 DLR (4th) 142 .................................................. 22.65, 22.95 Ballard v Attorney-​General (2010) 30 VR 397 .......................................................................... 23.170 Ballenden v Bryant [2012] NSWSC 1471 ..................................................................... 21.135, 22.45 Ballman, Re (1804) 10 Ves Jun 110; 32 ER 786 ....................................................................... 23.155 Ball's Settlement Trusts, Re [1968] 1 WLR 899 ................................................................ 25.45, 25.65 Balnaves v Balnaves (1988) 12 Fam LR 488 ............................................................................. 19.160 Baloglow v Konstanidis (2001) 11 BPR 20,721 .................................................... 1.140, 18.10, 18.25 Balston Ltd v Headline Filters Ltd [1987] FSR ............................................................................... 6.55 Baltic Shipping Co v Translink Shipping Ltd [1995] 1 Lloyd's Rep 673 ..................................... 32.110 Bamford v Federal Commissioner of Taxation (2009) 176 FCR 250 ......................................... 22.135 Banco Exterior Internacional SA v Thomas [1997] 1 WLR 221 ................................................... 7.180 Banicevic v Gunson [2006] 2 NZLR 11 ........................................................................... 25.35, 25.45 Bank Mellat v Nikpour [1985] FSR 87 ...................................................................................... 32.155 Bank of China v NBM LLC [2002] 1 WLR 844 ......................................................................... 32.110 Bank of Connecticut v European Grain and Shipping Ltd [1989] 1 AC 1056 ........................... 30.110 Bank of Credit & Commerce International SA v Aboody [1990] 1 QB 923 ........................ 7.45, 7.55, 7.80, 7.85 Bank of Credit and Commerce International (Overseas) Ltd v Akindele [2001] Ch 437 ............ 38.105 Bank of Credit and Commerce International SA (in liq) v Ali [2000] 3 All ER 51 ....................... 30.155 Bank of Credit and Commerce International SA (in liq) v Ali [2002] 1 AC 251 ......................... 30.155 Bank of Credit and Commerce International SA (No 8), Re [1998] AC 214 ................... 1.150, 14.215 Bank of Credit and Commerce International SA (No 9), Re [1994] 3 All ER 764 ....................... 32.110 Bank of Cyprus (London) Ltd v Markou [1999] 2 All ER 707 ...................................................... 7.235 Bank of Montreal v Stuart [1911] AC 120 ................................................................................... 7.75 Bank of New South Wales v City Mutual Life Assurance Society Ltd [1969] VR 556 ................. 14.245 xxxvi

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Table of Cases

Bank of New South Wales v O'Connor (1889) 14 App Cas 273 ................................................... 1.75 Bank of New South Wales v Rogers (1941) 65 CLR 42 ............................................ 7.55, 7.60, 7.120, 7.170, 7.180 Bank of New Zealand v Harry M Miller & Co Ltd (1992) 26 NSWLR 48 .................................... 3.130 Bank of New Zealand v Jones [1982] Qd R 466 ......................................................................... 32.30 Bank of New Zealand v New Zealand Guardian Trust Co Ltd [1999] 1 NZLR 664 ..................................................................................................... 4.10, 24.40, 34.10 Bank of Queensland Ltd v Banjamin [2017] QSC 209 ............................................................... 9.195 Bank of Queensland Ltd v Grant (1984) 54 ALR 306 ............................................................... 32.100 Bank of Queensland v Edwards [2017] QSC 191 ............................................................ 7.235, 9.195 Bank of Scotland v Wright [1991] BCLC 244 ............................................................................. 18.35 Bank of Victoria Ltd v Mueller [1925] VLR 642 .......................................................................... 35.20 Bank of Western Australia Ltd v Abdul [2012] VSC 222 .................................................. 7.235, 36.30 Bank of Western Australia v Connell (1996) 16 WAR 483 ............................... 2.80, 2.85, 2.90, 2.100 Banks v Grey District Council [2004] 2 NZLR 19 ....................................................................... 37.30 Bankstown City Council v Alamdo Holdings Pty Ltd (2004) 135 LGERA 312 ............................. 31.15 Bankstown City Council v Alamdo Holdings Pty Ltd (2005) 223 CLR 660 ...................... 31.15, 31.50 Bannatyne v D & C MacIver [1906] 1 KB 103 ......................................................................... 14.115 Bannister v Bannister [1948] 2 All ER 133 .................................................................................. 18.30 Banque Belge pour L'Etranger v Hambrouck [1921] 1 KB 321 ................................................... 39.10 Banque Commerciale SA (en liqn) v Akhil Holdings Ltd (1990) 169 CLR 279 .......................... 24.185 Banque Financiére de la Cité v Parc (Battersea) Ltd [1999] 1 AC 221 ...... 14.15, 14.25, 14.50, 14.55, 14.85, 14.95, 14.100 Baptist Union of New Zealand v Attorney-​General [1973] 1 NZLR 42 ..................................... 29.130 Bar-​Mordecai v Hillston [2004] NSWCA 65 ................................................................................. 7.30 Barba v Gas & Fuel Corporation (Vic) (1976) 136 CLR 120 ..................................................... 38.160 Barbados Trust Company Ltd v Bank of Zambia [2007] 1 Lloyd's Rep 495 ................................. 3.160 Barbagallo v J & F Catelan Pty Ltd [1986] 1 Qd R 245 ................................................... 31.55, 34.65, 34.75, 34.115 Barby v Perpetual Trustee Co Ltd (1937) 58 CLR 316 ...................................... 29.50, 29.210, 29.245 Barclay-​Johnson v Yuill [1980] 3 All ER 190 ............................................................................... 32.65 Barclay, Re [1899] 1 Ch 674 ............................................................................... 24.60, 24.65, 24.70 Barclays Bank Ltd v Quistclose Investments Ltd [1970] AC 567 ........................ 16.120, 27.20, 27.75, 38.125, 39.100 Barclays Bank Ltd v W J Simms Son & Cooke (Southern) Ltd [1980] QB 677 ............................. 8.105 Barclays Bank plc v Coleman [2001] QB 20 ................................................................................. 7.80 Barclays Bank plc v Estates & Commercial Ltd [1997] 1 WLR 415 ................................................ 1.95 Barclays Bank plc v Holmes [2000] PLR 339 ............................................................... 28.170, 28.200 Barclays Bank plc v O'Brien [1994] 1 AC 180 ....................................... 7.35, 7.40, 7.45, 7.95, 7.160, 7.165, 7.170, 7.180, 7.190 Barisic v Topic (1981) 58 FLR 262 ............................................................................................. 32.30 Barker v Cox (1876) 4 Ch D 464 ............................................................................................... 33.25 Barker v Duke Group Ltd (in liq) (2005) 91 SASR 167 ............................................................... 30.40 Barker v Linklaker [2008] 1 Qd R 405 ...................................................................................... 38.185 Barker's Will Trusts, Re (1948) 64 TLR 273 ............................................................................... 29.190 Barkier, Re (1898) 77 LT 712 ................................................................................................... 24.215 Barkley v Barkley-​Brown [2009] NSWSC 76 ............................................................................... 7.130 Barlow Clowes International Ltd (in liq) v Eurotrust International Ltd [2006] 1 WLR 1476 ......................................................................................................................... 38.90 Barlow Clowes International Ltd (in liq) v Vaughan [1992] 4 All ER 22 .................................... 39.110 Barlow v Neville Jeffress Advertising Pty Ltd (1994) 4 Tas R 391 .............................................. 31.190 Barlow's Will Trusts, Re [1979] 1 WLR 278 ............................................................................... 17.120 Barnes v Addy (1874) LR 9 Ch App 244 .............................................................. 38.55, 38.60, 38.65 Barnes v Racster (1842) 1 Y & CCC 401; 62 ER 944 ................................................................ 14.245 Barney, Re [1892] 2 Ch 265 ...................................................................................................... 38.55 xxxvii

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Equity and Trusts in Australia

Barneys Blue-​Crete Pty Ltd v Australian Workers' Union (1979) 43 FLR 463 ............................... 31.80 Barnhart v Greenshiels (1853) 9 Moo PCC 18; 14 ER 204 ......................................................... 2.130 Barns v Barns (2003) 214 CLR 169 .......................................................................................... 38.145 Barns v Queensland National Bank (1906) 3 CLR 925 ............................................................... 36.50 Barnsley v Noble [2017] Ch 191 ............................................................................................. 24.150 Barron v Ward Kellner Pty Ltd (2006) 17 NTLR 195 .................................................................. 4.155 Barr's Settlement Trusts, Re [2003] Ch 409 ............................................................................... 23.50 Barry (deceased), Re [1971] VR 395 ........................................................................................ 29.315 Barry, Re [1936] QWN 12 ....................................................................................................... 23.175 Barry v Borlas Pty Ltd [2012] NSWSC 831 ................................................................................. 25.50 Barry v Heider (1914) 19 CLR 197 .......................................................................... 1.110, 2.15, 2.25 Barrymore v News Group Newspapers Ltd [1997] FSR 600 ....................................................... 6.105 Bartlett v Barclays Bank Trust Co Ltd (No 1) [1980] Ch 515 .............................. 22.25, 24.90, 24.210 Bartlett v Barclays Bank Trust Co Ltd (No 2) [1980] Ch 515 .................... 22.25, 24.35, 24.65, 24.90, 24.100, 24.105, 24.210, 34.05 Barton Insurance Brokers Ltd v Irwin (1999) 170 DLR (4th) 69 .................................................... 6.55 Barton v Armstrong ........................................................................................................... 8.20, 8.25 Barton v Armstrong [1973] 2 NSWLR 598; (1973) 47 ALJR 781 ................................ 8.10, 8.20, 8.25 Bashir v Commissioner of Lands [1960] AC 44 .......................................................................... 11.85 Bass v Permanent Trustee Co Ltd (1999) 198 CLR 334 .............................................................. 37.30 Bassett, Re [1935] NZLR 95 .................................................................................................... 24.210 Bassi and K D Sales Force Specialists Pty Ltd, Re (1999) 25 Fam LR 678 ..................... 19.155, 19.160 Bassola v Bassola (1985) 10 Fam LR 413 ................................................................................. 19.155 Bastion v Gideon Investments Pty Ltd (in liq) (2000) 35 ACSR 466 ......................................... 24.125 Bastion v Gideon Investments Pty Ltd (in liq) (No 2) (2000) 35 ACSR 466 ............................................................................................... 24.125, 27.35, 36.85 Bateman Television Ltd v Bateman [1971] NZLR 453 ................................................... 26.60, 26.110 Bateman's Bay Local Aboriginal Land Council v Aboriginal Community Benefit Fund Pty Ltd (1998) 194 CLR 247 ..................................................................................... 31.25, 37.40 Bater v Kare [1964] SCR 206 ................................................................................................... 14.155 Bates & Partners Pty Ltd v Law Book Co Ltd (1994) 29 IPR 11 ................................... 31.145, 31.165 Bath and North Eastern Somerset District Council v Mowlem plc [2015] 1 WLR 785n ......................................................................................................................... 31.50 Bathgate v National Hockey League Pension Society (1994) 110 DLR (4th) 609 ..................... 28.200 Bathurst City Council v PWC Properties Pty Ltd (1998) 195 CLR 566 ............................ 16.45, 17.40, 18.75, 38.275 Bathurst (Earl) v Fine [1974] 1 WLR 905 .................................................................................. 11.105 Batistatos v Roads and Traffic Authority (NSW) (2006) 226 CLR 256 ......................................... 30.10 Batiste v Lenin (2002) 10 BPR 19,441 ..................................................................................... 30.130 Batiste v Lenin (2002) 11 BPR 20,403 ........................................................................ 11.115, 30.130 Batt v Clipse (Caloundra) Pty Ltd (2011) 7 ASTLR 441 ............................................................ 20.115 Battishill v Reed (1856) 18 CB 696; 139 ER 1544 .................................................................... 34.115 Battye v Shammall (2005) 91 SASR 315 ......................................................................... 4.190, 4.200 Baumgartner v Baumgartner (1987) 164 CLR 137 ....................................... 38.170, 38.175, 38.180, 38.190, 38.220, 38.250, P.110 Bax Global (Australia) Pty Ltd v Evans (1999) 47 NSWLR 538 .................................................. 32.120 Bay Bon Investments Pty Ltd v Selvarajah [2008] NSWSC 1251 ................................................ 13.55 Bay of Plenty Electricity Ltd v Natural Gas Corporation Energy Ltd [2002] 1 NZLR 173 ........... 10.355 Bayer AG v Winter [1986] 1 WLR 497 ..................................................................................... 32.130 Bayer v Balkin (1995) 31 ATR 295 .............................................................................. 23.140, 23.145 Bayley & Associates Pty Ltd v DBR Australia Pty Ltd [2012] FCA 746 ......................................... 32.50 Bayley & Associates Pty Ltd v DBR Australia Pty Ltd [2013] FCA 1341 ....................................... 4.285 Bayley v Gibsons Ltd (1993) 1 Tas R 385 ........................................................................ 14.70, 14.75

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Table of Cases

Bayliss v Public Trustee (1988) 12 NSWLR 540 ........................................................................ 18.135 Baynard v Woolley (1855) 20 Beav 583; 52 ER 729 ................................................................. 23.160 Baytur SA v Finagro Holding SA [1991] 4 All ER 129 ................................................................. 3.125 BB Australia Pty Ltd v Danset Pty Ltd [2017] NSWSC 1307 ....................................................... 4.265 BB Australia Pty Ltd v Danset Pty Ltd [2018] NSWCA 101 .......................................... 38.155, 38.160 BBC Hardware Ltd v GT Homes Pty Ltd [1997] 2 Qd R 123 ............................................. 1.65, 1.150 Beach Petroleum NL v Abbott Tout Russell Kennedy (1997) 26 ACSR 114 ...................... 34.20, 34.50 Beach Petroleum NL v Johnson (1992) 9 ACSR 404 ........................................ 32.60, 32.125, 36.160 Beach Petroleum NL v Kennedy (1999) 48 NSWLR 1 .................................................... 34.20, 34.25, 34.40, 34.45 Beachquest Pty Ltd v Interstate Mortgage And Investments Pty Ltd [2003] 2 Qd R 586 ............................................................................................................................ 2.95 Beamer Pty Ltd v Star Lodge Supported Residential Services Pty Ltd [2005] VSC 236 ................................................................................................................. 11.90, 11.105 Beath v Kousal [2010] VSC 24 ..................................................................................... 22.65, 23.150 Beaumont v Oliveira (1869) 4 Ch App 309 ............................................................................. 29.145 Beavan, Re [1912] 1 Ch 196 ................................................................................................... 14.120 Beck, Re [1967] 2 NSWR 91 .................................................................................................... 29.175 Beck v Henley (2014) 11 ASTLR 457 .......................................................................... 25.135, 25.150 Beckbessinger, Re [1993] 2 NZLR 362 ............................................... 16.190, 17.15, 17.100, 17.120, 17.130, 18.65, 29.295, 29.300 Becker v Anderson [2014] NZHC 2037 ..................................................................................... 4.250 Beckford Nominees v Shell Company of Australia Ltd (1986) 73 ALR 373 ............................... 10.375 Beddoe, Re [1893] 1 Ch 547 .................................................................................................. 23.135 Beddow v Beddow (1878) 9 Ch D 89 ....................................................................................... 31.05 Beecham (Australia) Pty Ltd v Roque Pty Ltd (1987) 11 NSWLR 1 ........................................... 31.195 Beecham Group Ltd v Bristol Laboratories Pty Ltd (1968) 118 CLR 618 ............ 6.320, 31.95, 31.165 Beese v Woodhouse [1970] 1 WLR 586 ..................................................................................... 32.20 Begbie v State Bank of New South Wales Ltd (1994) ATPR ¶41-​288 ........................ 7.10, 7.165, 9.40 Beggs v Kirkpatrick [1961] VR 764 .................................................................. 26.35, 29.340, 29.345 Behman v Behman [2015] NSWSC 1787 ................................................................................ 38.165 Bela v Beehag (1984) 3 BPR 9402 ................................................................... 22.100, 24.165, 30.50 Belar Pty Ltd (in liq) v Mahaffey [2000] 1 Qd R 477 ................................................... 23.130, 23.140 Belcher (deceased), Re [1950] VLR 11 ..................................................................................... 29.245 Belgrave Nominees Pty Ltd v Barlin-​Scott Airconditioning (Aust) Pty Ltd [1984] VR 947 ............................................................................................................. 31.110 Bell Bros Pty Ltd v Shire of Serpentine-​Jarrahdale [1969] WAR 155 ............................................ 8.140 Bell Group Ltd (in liq) v Westpac Banking Corporation (No 9) (2008) 39 WAR 1 ......................... 4.85 Bell v Amberlay Pty Ltd (2001) 19 ACLC 1439 ........................................................................ 36.125 Bell v Lever Bros Ltd [1932] AC 161 ................................................................................ 8.90, 8.145, 8.160, 8.175 Bellasis v Uthwatt (1737) 1 Atk 426; 26 ER 271 ........................................................................ 15.85 Bellis v Challinor [2015] WTLR 43 ............................................................................................. 17.30 Bell's Indenture, Re [1980] 1 WLR 1217 ......................................................................... 24.30, 24.50 Belmont Finance Corporation Ltd v Williams Furniture Ltd [1979] Ch 250 .............................. 38.105 Belmont Finance Corporation Ltd v Williams Furniture Ltd (No 2) [1980] 1 All ER 393 ............................................................................................. 38.100, 38.105, 38.125 Beloved Wilkes's Charity, Re (1851) 3 Mac & G 440; 42 ER 330 ..................................... 20.45, 23.35 Bendigo & County Districts Trustees & Executors Co Ltd v Sandhurst & Northern District Trustees, Executors & Agency Co Ltd (1909) 9 CLR 474 ......................................... 31.190 Benham, Re [1939] SASR 450 ...................................................................................... 17.20, 29.145 Benjamin, Re Will of [1920] VLR 393 ......................................................................................... 21.80 Benjamin v Leicher (1998) 45 NSWLR 389 ................................................................... 18.10, 18.130

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Equity and Trusts in Australia

Benjamin v Sanders (1891) 17 VLR 68 .................................................................................... 23.105 Bennell v Westlawn Finance Ltd [2010] FCA 658 ......................................................................... 3.35 Bennet v Bennet (1879) 10 Ch D 474 ........................................................................ 26.120, 26.135 Bennett v Horgan (unreported, SC(NSW), 3 June 1994) ......................................................... 38.210 Bennett v L & W Whitehead Ltd [1926] 2 KB 380 ..................................................................... 35.95 Bennett v Minister of Community Welfare (1992) 176 CLR 408 ................................................ 34.10 Benson v Benson [2008] WASC 13 .......................................................................................... 38.250 Bentley v Nelson [1963] WAR 89 .............................................................................................. 31.80 Benzija v Adriatic Fisheries Pty Ltd (1984) 37 SASR 545 ................................... 21.105, 21.110, 25.75 Berdoe v Dawson (1865) 34 Beav 603; 55 ER 768 .................................................................... 7.115 Berger v Lysteron Pty Ltd [2012] VSC 95 ................................................................................... 21.55 Berk v Permanent Trustee Co of New South Wales Ltd (1947) 47 SR (NSW) 459 ......................... 7.85 Berkeley Applegate (Investment Consultants) Ltd (in liq), Re [1989] Ch 32 ....................... 27.35, P.75 Bernard v Josephs [1982] Ch 391 ............................................................................................. 26.85 Bernard v Weingarth (1997) 8 BPR 15,651 ............................................................................... 11.80 Berry, Re [1962] Ch 97 ........................................................................................................... 22.155 Berry v St Marylebone Corporation [1958] Ch 406 ................................................................. 29.190 Berryman v Solicitor-​General [2005] 3 NZLR 121 ........................................................... 6.320, 31.60 Bertei v Feher [2000] WASCA 165 ................................................................................ 26.80, 26.125 Bertling, Re [1956] QSR 379 ................................................................................................... 29.245 Bester v Perpetual Trustee Co Ltd [1970] 3 NSWR 30 ......................................................... 7.60, 7.75 Beswick v Beswick [1968] AC 58 .................................................................................. 33.75, 33.110 Better Business Bureau of Washington DC, Inc v United States (1945) 326 US 279 ................. 29.235 Bevin v Smith [1994] 3 NZLR 648 ........................................................................................... 38.155 Bhana v Bhana (2002) 10 BPR 19,545 ...................................................................................... 26.55 BHLSPF Pty Ltd v Brashs Pty Ltd (2001) 8 VR 602 .................................................................... 28.195 BHP Iron Ore Pty Ltd v Australian Workers' Union (2000) 171 ALR 680 ................................... 31.165 Bhullar v Bhullar [2003] 2 BCLC 241 ........................................................................................... 4.90 Bialkower v Acohs Pty Ltd (1998) 83 FCR 1; 41 IPR 33 ........................ 14.130, 14.140, 14.165, P.110 BICC plc v Burndy Corporation [1985] Ch 232 ............................................................ 11.10, 30.110 Bidjara Aboriginal Housing & Land Co Ltd v Commonwealth of Australia [2005] 2 Qd R 468 .......................................................................................................................... 36.15 Bigg v Queensland Trustees Ltd [1990] 2 Qd R 11 ........................................ 38.135, 38.140, 38.145 Bignold's Settlement Trusts, Re (1872) 7 Ch App 223 ............................................................... 21.60 Bilbie v Lumley (1802) 2 East 469; 102 ER 448 ......................................................................... 8.105 Billage v Southee (1852) 9 Hare 532; 68 ER 623 ......................................................................... 7.30 Billington (deceased), Re [1949] QSR 102 ................................................................................. 22.65 Binder, Re [1942] SASR 251 ....................................................................................... 29.130, 29.245 Binningup Nominees Pty Ltd v Brogue Tableau Pty Ltd [2004] WASC 14 ................................ 20.110 Birch, Re [1924] VLR 510 .......................................................................................................... 22.80 Birch v Curtis [2002] 2 FLR 847 .................................................................................. 38.135, 38.140 Birchall, Re (1889) 40 Ch D 436 ............................................................................................... 21.90 Biritz v National Australia Bank Ltd (2001) 187 ALR 757 ............................................................. 8.05 Birmingham and District Land Co v London and North Western Railway Co (1888) 40 Ch D 268 ....................................................................................................................... 10.75 Birmingham v Kirwan (1805) 2 Sch & Lef 444 ........................................................................ 15.100 Birmingham v Renfrew (1937) 57 CLR 666 ................................................................ 38.135, 38.145 Birtchnell v Equity Trustees Executors and Agency Co Ltd (1929) 42 CLR 384 ................................................................................................... 4.190, 4.195, 4.210 Biscayne Partners Pty Ltd v Valance Corp Pty Ltd [2003] NSWSC 874, P.60 Bishop, Re [1965] Ch 450 ....................................................................................................... 26.125 Bishopsgate Insurance Australia Ltd v Commonwealth Engineering (NSW) Pty Ltd [1981] 1 NSWLR 429 ..................................................................... 37.95, 37.100, 37.105 Bishopsgate Investment Management Ltd (in liq) v Homan [1995] Ch 211 .............................. 39.20

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Table of Cases

Bishopsgate Investment Management Ltd (in liq) v Maxwell (No 2) [1994] 1 All ER 261 ............. 4.85 Black Uhlans Inc v New South Wales Crime Commission (2002) 12 BPR 22,421 .............................................................................. 26.75, 26.100, 30.170, 30.175 Black v Black (1991) 15 Fam LR 109 ....................................................................................... 38.185 Black v S Freedman & Co (1910) 12 CLR 105 ..................................................... 26.40, 38.10, 39.30 Blackburn Building Society v Cunliffe, Brooks, & Co (1882) 22 Ch D 61 ................................. 14.115 Blackburn v McCallum (1902) 33 SCR 65 ................................................................................. 19.75 Blackburn v Smith (1848) 2 Ex 783; 154 ER 707 ....................................................................... 35.10 Blackburn v Yarra Vale Properties Pty Ltd [1980] VR 290 ........................................................... 19.35 Blackett v Blackett (1871) 24 LT 276 ....................................................................................... 36.115 Blackett v Darcy (2005) 62 NSWLR 392 ..................................................................... 18.130, 18.145 Blackley Investments Pty Ltd v Burnie City Council (No 2) (2011) 21 Tas R 98 ............. 8.200, 10.155 Blackmagic Design Pty Ltd v Overliese (2010) 84 IPR 505 ........................................................... 4.20 Blackmagic Design Pty Ltd v Overliese (2011) 191 FCR 1 ................................................. 4.20, 4.285 Blackwell v Blackwell [1929] AC 318 ........................................................ 18.45, 18.50, 18.65, 18.80 Blackwood v London Chartered Bank (1874) LR 5 PC 92 .......................................................... 2.130 Blair v Curran (1939) 62 CLR 464 .................................................................................. 10.20, 10.25 Blair v Duncan [1902] AC 37 .................................................................................................. 29.290 Blair v Martin [1929] NZLR 225 .............................................................................................. 22.100 Bland v Ingrams Estates Ltd [2001] Ch 767 .................................................................. 1.150, 11.135 Bland v Ingrams Estates Ltd (No 2) [2002] 2 WLR 361 ...................................... 11.90, 11.95, 11.100 Blathwayt v Baron Cawley [1976] AC 397 ...................................................................... 19.10, 19.70 Blazely v Whiley (1995) 5 Tas R 254 ........................................................................... 10.230, 10.270 BLB Corporation of Australia v Jacobsen (1974) 48 ALJR 372 ................................. 4.20, 4.105, 4.120 Blenkinsop v Herbert (2017) 51 WAR 264 ................................................................................. 23.15 Bli Bli No 1 Pty Ltd v Kimlin Investments Pty Ltd [2008] QSC 289 ........................................... 38.115 Blindley Heath Investments Ltd v Bass [2017] Ch 389 ............................................................... 10.35 Blinkco v Blinkco [1964–​65] NSWR 20 .................................................................................... 26.125 Bloch v Bloch (1981) 180 CLR 390 ................................................................................ 26.65, 26.80 Blocksidge, Re [1997] 1 Qd R 234 ............................................................................................ 25.65 Blomley v Ryan (1956) 99 CLR 362 ................................................................. 7.75, 9.30, 9.50, 9.60, 9.115, 33.145, P.180 Bloomer v Spittle (1872) LR 13 Eq 427 ..................................................................................... 8.200 Blue Seas Investments Pty Ltd v Mitchell (1999) 25 Fam LR 65 ............................................... 31.135 Blueberry River Indian Band v Canada (1995) 130 DLR (4th) 193 ............................................... 4.65 Blueberry River Indian Band v Canada (Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development) (2001) 201 DLR (4th) 35 ............................................................................ 15.100 Bluebottle UK Ltd v Deputy Commissioner of Taxation (2007) 232 CLR 598 ............................. 3.155 Blum v ANZ Bank New Zealand Ltd [2015] NZCA 335 .................................................. 6.280, 6.295 Blundell, Re [1906] 2 Ch 222 .................................................................................................... 15.40 Blyth, Re [1997] 2 Qd R 567 ........................................................................ 17.115, 17.125, 29.215, 29.295, 29.300 BNY Trust Co of Australia Ltd v Glambedakis [2009] NSWSC 815 ............................................. 7.235 Boardman v Phipps [1967] 2 AC 46 ............................................................ 4.15, 4.35, 4.165, 6.375, 24.80, 39.80 Bobko v Commonwealth (unreported, SC(Vic), Fullagar J, 22 April 1988) ............................... 10.310 Bodalla Aboriginal Housing Co Ltd v Eurobodalla Shire Council (2012) 195 LGERA 114 .......... 29.295 Bodney v Westralia Airports Corporation Pty Ltd (2000) 109 FCR 178 ......................................... 5.60 Body Corporate No 1/​PS40911511E St James Apartments v Renaissance Assets Pty Ltd (2004) 11 VR 41 ............................................................................................................ 17.15 Boe v Alexander (1987) 41 DLR (4th) 520 ................................................................................ 23.40 Boehm v Goodall [1911] 1 Ch 155 ......................................................................................... 36.125 Bofinger v Kingsway Group Ltd (2009) 239 CLR 269 ........................................... 14.10, 14.105, P.75 Bogg v Raper (1998/​99) 1 IETLR 267 ......................................................................... 24.145, 24.155

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Equity and Trusts in Australia

Bojczuk v Gregorcewicz [1961] SASR 128 ............................................................................... 14.120 Bolton v Curre [1895] 1 Ch 544 ............................................................................................. 23.165 Bond, Re [1929] VLR 333 ........................................................................................... 29.130, 29.300 Bond, Re (1940) 35 Tas LR 96 ................................................................................. 3.45, 3.80, 3.150 Bond, Re (1992) 25 ATR 61 ........................................................................................... 10.10, 19.75 Bond v Larobi Pty Ltd (1992) 6 WAR 489 ................................................................................ 14.140 Bond Worth Ltd, Re [1979] 3 All ER 919 ................................................................................... 16.75 Bones, Re [1930] VLR 346 ....................................................................................................... 29.225 Bonini v Western Australian Real Estate Custodian Ltd [2001] WASC 258 ................... 20.110, 20.115 Bonnard v Perryman [1891] 2 Ch 269 .................................................................................... 31.175 Booker McConnell plc v Plascow [1985] RPC 425 ...................................................... 32.155, 32.185 Booth Macdonald & Co Ltd v Hallmond (Official Assignee of) (1913) 33 NZLR 110 ................. 16.55 Booth v Federal Commissioner of Taxation (1987) 164 CLR 159 .................................... 3.115, 3.150 Boranga v Flintoff (1997) 19 WAR 1 .......................................................................................... 17.25 Borden (UK) Ltd v Scottish Timber Products Ltd [1981] Ch 25 .................................................. 16.75 Borg v Howlett (No 2) (1996) 8 BPR 15,535 ............................................................................. 33.45 Borg Warner (Aust) Ltd v Switzerland General Insurance Co Ltd (1989) 16 NSWLR 421 ..................................................................................................... 14.190, 14.195 Borough of Burwood v Freehill (1906) 23 WN (NSW) 243 ...................................................... 21.145 Borthwick-​Norton v Romney Warwick Estates Ltd [1950] 1 All ER 798 ...................................... 11.90 Bosaid v Andry [1963] VR 465 .......................................................... 33.130, 34.75, 34.105, 34.110, 34.120, 37.110 Boscawen v Bajwa [1996] 1 WLR 328 ................................................................ 14.15, 14.25, 14.85, 14.95, 39.05, 39.55 Bouch v Sproule (1887) 12 App Cas 385 ................................................................................ 22.165 Boulter, Re [1922] 1 Ch 75 ....................................................................................................... 19.70 Boulter v Boulter (1898) 19 LR (NSW) Eq 135 .............................................................................. P.75 Boulting v Association of Cinematograph, Television and Allied Technicians [1963] 2 QB 606 ........................................................................................................... 4.20, 4.35, 4.130 Bourne v Colodense Ltd [1985] ICR 291 .................................................................... 36.130, 36.135 Boutique Balmoral Ltd v Retail Holdings Ltd [1976] 2 NZLR 222 ............................................... 12.45 Bowkett v Action Finance Ltd [1992] 1 NZLR 449 ..................................................................... 4.255 Bowles, Re [1902] 2 Ch 650 ................................................................................................... 17.100 Bowman (deceased), Re [1955] SASR 98 ................................................................................... 22.20 Bowman v Secular Society Ltd [1917] AC 406 ........................................................... 17.170, 29.100 Bowmil Nominees Pty Ltd, Re [2004] NSWSC 161 ......................................................... 25.45, 25.60 Boyarsky v Taylor (2008) 14 BPR 26,553 ......................................................... 11.70, 33.125, 33.135 Boyce v Boyce (1849) 16 Sim 476; 60 ER 959 ........................................................................... 17.80 Boyce v Paddington Borough Council [1903] 1 Ch 109 ............................................................ 37.40 Boyd & Forrest v Glasgow Railway Co [1915] SC (HL) 20 ....................................................... 35.105 Boyd v Cowell [1952] VLR 288 ............................................................................................... 22.200 Boyes, Re (1884) 26 Ch D 531 ....................................................................................... 18.60, 18.65 Boyns v Lackey [1958] SR (NSW) 395 ............................................................................ 30.10, 30.75 Boyse v Rossborough (1857) 6 HLC 1; 10 ER 1192 ..................................................................... 7.15 BPA Industries Ltd v Black (1987) 11 NSWLR 609 .................................................................... 32.180 Bradley v Commonwealth (1973) 128 CLR 557 ........................................................................ 31.25 Bradley v Wingnut Films Ltd [1993] 1 NZLR 415 ....................................................................... 6.130 Bradto Pty Ltd v State of Victoria (2006) 15 VR 65 ..................................................... 31.145, 31.165 Brady v Stapleton (1952) 88 CLR 322 .................................................... 19.115, 39.20, 39.55, 39.60 Brags Electrics Pty Ltd v Gregory [2010] NSWSC 1205 ........................................................... 32.155 Brandeis Brokers Ltd v Black [2001] 2 Lloyd's Rep 359 ................................................................ 4.30 Brandling v Weir [2003] NSWSC 723 ...................................................................................... 38.230 Brandon v Robinson (1811) 18 Ves 429; 34 ER 379 .................................................................. 19.75 Branir Pty Ltd v Owston Nominees (No 2) Pty Ltd (2001) 117 FCR 424 .................................. 10.205

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Table of Cases

Bratovic v SBM Argentinian Bar and Grill Pty Ltd (2005) 242 LSJS 445 .................................... 21.115 Brayson Motors Pty Ltd v Federal Commissioner of Taxation (1983) 57 ALJR 288 ....................................................................................................................... 31.165 Breadner v Granville-​Grossman [2001] Ch 523 .............................................. 16.185, 16.190, 22.40, 23.45, 23.50 Break Fast Investments Pty Ltd v PCH Melbourne Pty Ltd (2007) 20 VR 311 .......................................................................................... 34.80, 34.85, 34.90, 34.95 Breakspear v Ackland [2009] Ch 32 .......................................................................................... 20.70 Brede, The [1974] QB 233 ........................................................................................................ 30.95 Breen v Williams (1996) 186 CLR 71 .................................................... 4.10, 4.15, 4.25, 4.35, 4.300, 4.305, 4.315, 20.30, 36.70 Bremer, Re [1986] 2 NZLR 53 ................................................................................................. 23.115 Brennan v Bolt Burdon (a firm) [2005] QB 303 .............................................................. 8.125, 8.155 Brennan v Duncan [2006] NSWSC 674 ................................................ 14.170, 26.80, 26.85, 26.110 Brenner, Re [1986] 2 NZLR 53 ................................................................................................ 23.115 Brentwood Brick and Coal Co, Re (1876) 4 Ch D 562 ................................................................. 1.95 Brereton v Milstein [1988] VR 508 .................................................................... 32.35, 32.45, 32.115 Brewer (deceased), Re [1933] NZLR 1221 ............................................................................... 29.190 Brice v Mackay [1983] 2 Qd R 543 ......................................................................................... 21.140 Brickenden v London Loan & Saving [1934] 3 DLR 465 ............................................................ 34.25 Brickles v Snell [1916] 2 AC 599 ............................................................................................... 11.25 Brickworks Ltd v Warringah Shire Council (1963) 108 CLR 568 ............................................... 10.395 Bride v Freehill Hollingdale & Page [1996] ANZ Conv R 594 ..................................................... 36.30 Bridge v Campbell Discount Co Ltd [1962] AC 600 .................................................................... 9.05 Bridge Wholesale Acceptance Corp (Aust) Ltd v Burnard (1992) 27 NSWLR 415 ....................... 33.05 Bridgetown/​Greenbushes Friends of the Forest Inc v Executive Director of Conservation and Land Management (1997) 18 WAR 102 ................................................ 31.165 Bridgewater v Leahy (1998) 194 CLR 457 ....................................................... 7.05, 7.10, 7.15, 7.70, 7.280, 8.15, 9.15, 9.20, 9.25, 9.55, 9.90, 9.130, 9.135 Brien v Graspas (2004) 207 ALR 275 ....................................................................................... 21.125 Briggs and Secretary, Department of Employment and Workplace Relations, Re (2007) 93 ALD 762 ....................................................................................................... 20.150 Briggs v Gleeds (Head Office) (a firm) [2015] Ch 212 .................................................. 10.40, 10.390 Brink's MAT Ltd v Elcombe [1988] 3 All ER 188 ......................................................................... 31.85 Brisbane City Council v Attorney-​General (Qld) [1979] AC 411 .................................... 17.15, 29.225 Brisbane Unit Development Corp v Robertson [1983] 2 Qd R 105 .......................................... 35.105 Bristol and West Building Society v May May & Merrimans (a firm) [1996] 2 All ER 801 ......................................................................................................................... 4.150 Bristol and West Building Society v Mothew [1996] 4 All ER 698 .................. 4.10, 4.60, 24.40, 34.10 British Airways Pension Trustees Ltd v British Airways plc [2002] PLR 247 ................... 28.150, 28.200 British Anzani (Felixstowe) Ltd v International Marine Management (UK) Ltd [1980] QB 137 .............................................................................................................................. 30.110 British Broadcasting Corporation v Harpercollins Publishers Ltd [2011] EMLR 6 ........................... 6.80 British Coal Corp v British Coal Staff Superannuation Scheme Trustees Ltd [1995] 1 All ER 912 .......................................................................................................................... 28.155 British Columbia v National Bank of Canada (1995) 119 DLR (4th) 669 .................................... 39.65 British Franco Electric Pty Ltd v Dowling Plastics Pty Ltd [1981] 1 NSWLR 448 ................... 6.80, 6.85 British Midland Tool Ltd v Midland International Tooling Ltd [2003] 2 BCLC 523 .......... 4.100, 4.120, 4.285 British Railways Board v Pickin [1974] AC 765 .................................................................... 8.35, 8.40 British Red Cross Balkan Fund, Re [1914] 2 Ch 419 ...................................................... 26.35, 39.105 British School of Egyptian Archaeology, Re [1954] 1 All ER 887 ............................................... 29.345 BRK (Bris) Pty Ltd v Federal Commissioner of Taxation (2001) 46 ATR 347 ................... 20.155, 23.35

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Equity and Trusts in Australia

Broadlands International Finance Ltd v Sly (1987) 4 BPR 9420 .................................................... 7.95 Broadmoor Special Hospital Authority v Robinson [2000] QB 775 ....................... 6.205, 31.25, 31.60 Brockbank, Re [1948] Ch 206 ........................................................................... 16.185, 22.40, 23.65 Brooke Bond & Co Ltd's Trust Deed, Re [1963] 1 Ch 357 ......................................................... 21.40 Brooke v Brooke (1911) 3 OWN 52 ........................................................................................ 23.115 Brookfield Multiplex Ltd v International Litigation Funding Partners Pte Ltd (2009) 180 FCR 11 ....................................................................................................................... 28.240 Brooks, Re (1969) 4 DLR (3d) 694 .......................................................................................... 29.190 Brooks v Saylor (2007) 279 DLR (4th) 547 .............................................................................. 26.135 Brooks v Wyatt (1994) 99 NTR 12 ............................................................................................ 34.65 Brophy v Brophy (1974) 3 ACTR 57 ........................................................................................ 26.135 Brott v Drew (1993) 112 FLR 269 ............................................................................................. 32.40 Brott v Maher (No 2) [2004] VSCA 220 .................................................................................... 4.160 Broughton v Snook [1938] Ch 505 ........................................................................................... 12.45 Broulee Developments Pty Ltd v Mackay [2008] NSWSC 32 ........................... 30.50, 33.130, 33.175 Brown (deceased), Re [1954] 1 Ch 39 ...................................................................................... 19.75 Brown, Re (1901) 11 QLJ 133 ................................................................................................. 29.190 Brown-​Sarre v Waddingham [2012] VSC 116 .......................................................................... 23.175 Brown v Brown [1931] 4 DLR 420 .......................................................................................... 24.165 Brown v Brown (1993) 31 NSWLR 582 ........................................................... 26.60, 26.120, 26.135 Brown v George (1998) 24 Fam LR 58 .................................................................................... 38.185 Brown v Gregson [1920] AC 860 ............................................................................................ 15.100 Brown v Heffer (1967) 116 CLR 344 ............................................................................ 15.60, 38.155 Brown v Pourau [1995] 1 NZLR 352 ........................................................ 18.45, 18.50, 18.60, 18.75 Brown v Smitt (1924) 34 CLR 160 ............................................................................................ 35.15 Brown v Wylie (1980) 6 Fam LR 519 ......................................................................................... 18.30 Browning v Fidelity Trust Co (1918) 250 F 321 ....................................................................... 24.145 Bruce v Cobcroft [2017] NSWSC 1464 ..................................................................................... 25.45 Bruce v Presbytery of Deer (1867) LR 1 Sc & Div 96 ................................................................. 29.45 Brueckner v Satellite Group (Ultimo) Pty Ltd (2002) 15 BPR 28,885 .......................................... 7.235 Brumm, Re [1942] QSR 52 ........................................................................................................ 16.60 Brunette (deceased), Re [1922] NZLR 490 .............................................................................. 22.145 Brunker v Perpetual Trustee Co Ltd (1937) 57 CLR 555 ....................................... 7.45, 18.95, 38.155 Brunninghausen v Glavanics (1999) 46 NSWLR 538 ................................................................. 4.115 Brusewitz v Brown [1923] NZLR 1106 ............................................................. 7.35, 7.45, 7.60, 7.75 Brutan Investments Pty Ltd v Underwriting and Insurance Ltd (1980) 58 FLR 289 .......................................................................................................................... 36.50 Bruton Holdings Pty Ltd (in liq) v Commissioner of Taxation (2011) 193 FCR 442 .................... 21.45 Bruynius, Re [1995] 1 Qd R 492 .................................................................................................. 3.50 Bryant (deceased), Re [1964] NZLR 846 ................................................................................... 25.70 Bryning (deceased), Re [1976] VR 100 ....................................................................... 29.240, 29.380 Bryson v Bryant (1992) 29 NSWLR 188 ...................................................................... 38.180, 38.195 BSH Holdings Pty Ltd v Commissioner of State Revenue (2000) 2 VR 454 ................................. 29.05 Buchan v Ayre [1915] 2 Ch 474 ................................................................................... 23.140, 27.50 Buckenara v Hawthorn Football Club Ltd [1988] VR 39 ............................................................. 31.55 Buckland v Ibbotson (1902) 28 VLR 688 ................................................................................. 24.180 Buckley, Re [1928] NZLR 148 .................................................................................................. 29.220 Budge, Re [1942] NZLR 350 ................................................................................................... 17.150 Bufalo Corporation Pty Ltd v Leone (2001) 40 ACSR 327 .......................................................... 36.40 Bukowski (deceased), Re [1954] QSR 286 ............................................................................... 20.120 Bulankoff, Re [1986] 1 Qd R 366 ............................................................................... 26.110, 26.135 Bullas v Public Trustee [1981] 1 NSWLR 641 .............................................................. 23.175, 25.165 Bullock v Federated Furnishing Trades Society of Australasia (No 1) (1985) 5 FCR 464 ......................................................................................................................... 31.165 Bullock-​Webster (deceased), Re [1936] NZLR 814 ................................................................... 29.370 xliv

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Table of Cases

Bulun Bulun v R & T Textiles Pty Ltd (1997) 157 ALR 193 ......................................................... 38.25 Bunn v British Broadcasting Corporation [1998] 3 All ER 552 ............................. 6.150, 6.195, 6.300, 6.320, 31.135 Bunnings Group Ltd v Hanson Construction Materials Pty Ltd [2017] WASC 132 ........................ 1.65 Bunny Industries Pty Ltd v FSW Enterprises Ltd [1982] Qd R 712 ............................................ 38.130 Bupa Australia Pty Ltd v Shaw [2013] VSC 507 .............................................................. 14.20, 14.35 Burazin v Blacktown City Guardian Pty Ltd (1996) 142 ALR 144 ............................................... 4.295 Burger King Corp v Hungry Jack's Pty Ltd (2001) 69 NSWLR 558 .............................................. 38.75 Burke & Riversdale Road Pty Ltd v Gemini Investments Pty Ltd (No 2) [2003] VSC 48 ............................................................................................... 11.35, 11.60 Burke v Hudson's Bay Co [2010] 2 SCR 273 ............................................................................ 28.200 Burke v LFOT Pty Ltd (2002) 209 CLR 282 ....................................... 14.125, 14.130, 14.160, 14.165 Burke v State Bank of New South Wales (1994) 37 NSWLR 53 ........................... 7.165, 7.180, 7.280, 9.155, 35.25 Burley, Re [1910] 1 Ch 215 ....................................................................................................... 17.20 Burlinson v Hall (1884) 12 QBD 347 ........................................................................................... 3.35 Burmeister v O'Brien [2010] 2 NZLR 395 ...................................................................... 30.175, P.190 Burnand v Rodocanachi Sons & Co (1882) 7 App Cas 333 ............................................ 14.20, 14.45 Burney's Settlement Trusts, Re [1961] 1 All ER 856 .................................................................... 25.60 Burnley Borough Council v England (1977) 76 LGR 393 ........................................................... 31.75 Burns Philp Trust Co Pty Ltd v Kwikasair Freightlines Ltd (1963) 63 SR (NSW) 492 .................... 33.05 Burns Philp Trustee Co Ltd v Viney [1981] 2 NSWLR 216 ............................................................ 1.20 Burns v Bayliss [2006] WASC 102 ............................................................................................ 16.205 Burns v Burns [2008] QSC 173 ...................................................................................... 21.80, 23.75 Burns v Leda Holdings Pty Ltd [1988] 1 Qd R 214 .................................................... 22.225, 23.125, 23.130, 24.135 Burns v Steel [2006] 1 NZLR 559 ................................................................................... 21.45, 23.65 Burnside City Council v Attorney-​General (SA) (1992) 75 LGRA 145 ....................................... 29.265 Burrow v Scammell (1881) 19 Ch D 175 .................................................................................. 33.25 Burston Finance Ltd v Speirway [1974] 1 WLR 1648 ...................................................... 14.05, 14.85 Burt, Boulton & Hayward v Bull [1895] 1 QB 276 ..................................................................... 36.85 Burt v Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Ltd (1994) ATPR (Digest) ¶46–​123 ............................................................................................... 9.05, 9.110 Burton, Re [1938] NZLR 637 ................................................................................................... 10.375 Burton, Re (1994) 126 ALR 557 ............................................................................ 8.50, 21.55, 27.60 Burton v Arcus (2006) 200 FLR 1 ............................................................................................ 28.240 Burton's Settlements, Re [1955] 1 Ch 82 .................................................................................... 8.80 Busby v Thorn EMI Video Programmes Ltd [1984] 1 NZLR 461 ............................................... 32.160 Buschau v Rogers Cablesystems Inc (1999) 165 DLR (4th) 668 ............................................... 28.200 Bush v Minister for Local Government (2002) 124 LGERA 256 ................................................ 31.155 Bush v National Australia Bank Ltd (1992) 35 NSWLR 390 ...................................................... 37.115 Businessworld Computers Pty Ltd v Australian Telecommunications Commission (1988) 82 ALR 499 ...................................................................................... 31.15, 31.90, 31.145 Butler v Board of Trade [1971] Ch 680 ........................................................................... 6.240, 6.250 Butler v Countrywide Finance Ltd [1993] 3 NZLR 623 ................................................. 37.95, 37.105 Butler v Craine [1986] VR 274 .......................................................................... 12.25, 12.45, 38.215 Butler v Fairclough (1917) 23 CLR 78 .......................................................... 2.10, 2.15, 2.35, 34.130 Butler v Rice [1910] 2 Ch 277 ................................................................................................... 14.90 Butler v Vavladelis [2012] VSC 186 ........................................................................................... 9.195 Butlin's Settlement Trusts, Re [1976] Ch 251 ..................................................... 37.65, 37.75, 37.115 Butt v Kelson [1952] Ch 197 ..................................................................................................... 20.30 Butterworth v Purnell [1919] VLR 375 ..................................................................................... 24.205 Buttle v Saunders [1950] 2 All ER 193 .......................................................................... 22.205, 28.85 Buzzle Operations Pty Ltd (in liq) v Apple Computer Australia Pty Ltd (2007) 214 FLR 48 ........................................................................................................................ 14.125 xlv

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Equity and Trusts in Australia

Byers v Dorotea Pty Ltd (1986) 69 ALR 715 .............................................................................. 35.90 Byland Nominees Pty Ltd (in liq) v Maclean [1985] WAR 352 ..................................................... 1.95 Bylander International Consortium (Australia) Pty Ltd v Multilink Investments Pty Ltd [2001] NSWCA 53 ............................................................................................................... 7.235 Byrne Australia Ltd, Re [1981] 1 NSWLR 394 ............................................................................ 27.30 Byrne, Re (1906) 6 SR (NSW) 532 ................................................................................................ P.75 Byrne v Mortyn [2008] TASSC 83 ............................................................................................. 12.30 Byrnes v Byrnes [2012] NSWSC 1600 ..................................................................................... 10.270 Byrnes v Kendle (2011) 243 CLR 253 ................................................................ 17.30, 21.45, 22.175 Byron Bay Retirement Villages Pty Ltd v Zandata Pty Ltd [2008] NSWSC 1123 ........................ 11.105

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C C & K A Flanagan Sailmakers Pty Ltd v Walker [2002] NSWSC 1125 ......................................... 4.285 C G Berbatis Holdings Pty Ltd v Australian Competition and Consumer Commission (2001) 185 ALR 555 ............................................................................................................ 9.175 C H Giles & Co Ltd v Morris [1972] 1 WLR 307 ........................................................................ 33.85 C Inc plc v L [2001] 2 All ER (Comm) 446 ............................................................................... 32.100 C J Belmore Pty Ltd v AGC (General Finance) Ltd [1976] 1 NSWLR 507 .................................... 13.80 C-​Shirt Pty Ltd v Barnett Marketing and Management Pty Ltd (1997) 37 IPR 315 ....................... 4.65 C v B [2007] 1 Qd R 212 ........................................................................................................ 20.135 C v Holland [2012] 3 NZLR 672 ................................................................................................ 6.135 C v W (No 2) [2016] NSWSC 945 ............................................................................................. 4.315 CA Inc v ISI Pty Ltd (2012) 201 FCR 23 ............................................................................ 6.25, 6.215 Caborne, Re [1943] Ch 224 ...................................................................................................... 19.60 Cabot Corp v Minnesota Mining & Manufacturing Ltd (1987) 11 NSWLR 697 ......................... 30.55 Cachia v Westpac Financial Services Ltd (2000) 170 ALR 65 ........................................... 25.10, 25.20 Cachia v Westpac Financial Services Ltd [2000] FCA 1576 ............................................. 25.10, 25.20 Cadbury Schweppes Inc v FBI Foods Ltd (1996) 138 DLR (4th) 682 .......................................... 31.65 Cadbury Schweppes Inc v FBI Foods Ltd (1999) 167 DLR (4th) 577 ................ 4.35, 4.55, 6.10, 6.25, 6.250, 6.325, 6.375, P.50, P.145 Cadd v Cadd (1909) 9 CLR 171 ................................................................................................ 18.30 Cadman v Horner (1810) 18 Ves 10; 34 ER 221 ...................................................................... 30.180 Cadogan Petroleum Holdings Ltd v Global Process Systems LLC [2013] 2 Lloyd’s Rep 26 .................................................................................................................. 13.55 Cadorange Pty Ltd (in liq) v Tanga Holdings Pty Ltd (1990) 20 NSWLR 26 ........... 1.55, 1.130, 10.60 Cadura Investments Ltd v Rototek Pty Ltd [2004] WASC 150 .................................................. 32.125 Cadwallader v Bajco Pty Ltd [2002] NSWCA 328 .................................................................... 30.175 Caffoor v Commissioner of Income Tax, Colombo [1961] AC 584 .......................................... 29.155 Cain (deceased), Re [1950] VLR 382 ............................................................. 17.170, 29.130, 29.325 Cain v Moon [1896] 2 QB 283 ............................................................................................... 18.135 Cain v Watson [1910] VLR 256 ............................................................................................... 23.105 Cairns Festival Faire Pty Ltd v AEFC Ltd (unreported, FCA, Heerey J, 3 September 1993) ......... 10.305 Calaby Pty Ltd v Ampol Pty Ltd (1990) 102 FLR 186 ............................................................... 10.320 Calcorp (Australia) Pty Ltd v 271 Collins Pty Ltd (2010) 29 VR 462 ........................................... 13.70 Caledonia North Sea Ltd v British Telecommunications plc [2002] Lloyd's Rep 261 ................. 14.135 Callaghan v Callaghan (1995) 64 SASR 396 ............................................................... 26.140, 26.145 Callaghan v Merivale CBD Pty Ltd (2006) NSW ConvR ¶56–​155 ............................................. 30.140 Calverley v Green (1984) 155 CLR 242 ........................................ 1.130, 24.80, 26.60, 26.70, 26.75, 26.80, 26.85, 26.100, 26.120, 26.125, 26.130, 26.150, 26.160, 38.265, 39.80 Calvo v Sweeney [2009] NSWSC 719 ................................................................. 4.235, 7.155, 22.95 Cam-​Net Communications v Vancouver Telephone Co (1999) 182 DLR (4th) 436 .................. 30.110 Cambridge Nutrition Ltd v British Broadcasting Corp [1990] 3 All ER 523 ............................... 31.165 Camdex International Ltd v Bank of Zambia (No 2) [1997] 1 All ER 728 ...................... 32.90, 32.135 xlvi Gino, Dal Pont. Equity and Trusts in Australia, Thomson Reuters (Professional) Australia Pty Limited, 2018. ProQuest Ebook Central, http://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/usyd/detail.action?docID=5602215. Created from usyd on 2019-07-06 20:27:59.

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Table of Cases

Cameron (deceased), Re [1999] Ch 386 .......................... 15.55, 15.65, 15.70, 15.80, 15.85, 26.160 Cameron v Hogan (1934) 51 CLR 358 ...................................................................................... 31.20 Cameron v McMahon [2009] VSC 277 ..................................................................................... 4.235 Cameron v Murdoch (1986) 63 ALR 575 .................................................................................. 4.210 Cameron v Qantas Airways Ltd (1995) 55 FCR 147 ........................................................ 9.190, 31.65 Cameron v Qantas Airways Ltd (1996) 66 FCR 246 ................................................................... 9.190 Cameron v UBS AG (2000) 2 VR 108. ....................................................................................... 13.75 Campbell, Re (1875) 1 VLR (IP & M) 32 .................................................................................... 21.55 Campbell, Re (1883) 9 VLR (E) 138 ......................................................................................... 23.175 Campbell, Re [1973] 2 NSWLR 146 ........................................................................... 22.120, 22.140 Campbell v Campbell [2015] NSWSC 784 .............................................................................. 38.140 Campbell v MGN [2003] QB 633 ............................................................................................. 6.240 Campbell v MGN Ltd [2004] 2 AC 457 ...................................................... 6.25, 6.110, 6.120, 6.125 Canada (Human Rights Commission) v Canadian Liberty Net (1998) 157 DLR (4th) 385 ............................................................................................................. 31.175 Canada Trust Co and Cantol Ltd, Re (1979) 103 DLR (3d) 109 ............................................... 28.195 Canada Trustco Mortgage Co v Sugarman (1999) 179 DLR (4th) 548 ....................... 30.105, 30.110 Canadian Aero Service Ltd v O'Malley (1973) 40 DLR (3d) 371 .......................................... 4.85, 4.95 Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce v Ohlson (1997) 154 DLR (4th) 33 ......................... 7.55, 9.15 Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce v Twin Richfield Oils (1992) 88 DLR (4th) 596 ............... 39.55 Canberra International Airport Pty Ltd v Ansett Australia Ltd (2002) 41 ACSR 309 ...... 11.95, 11.105, 11.110 Cancer Council of Western Australia v Attorney-​General (WA) (2016) 15 ASTLR 422 ............... 29.370 Canny Gabriel Castle Jackson Advertising Pty Ltd v Volume Sales (Finance) Pty Ltd (1974) 131 CLR 321 ............................................................................................................ 1.115 Canson Enterprises Ltd v Boughton & Co (1991) 85 DLR (4th) 129 ............ 4.35, 4.60, 24.40, 34.05, 34.20, 34.45, 34.50 Canterbury Development Corporation v Charities Commission [2010] 2 NZLR 707 ................ 29.235 Cape v Redarb Pty Ltd (1992) 107 FLR 362 .................................................................... 36.75, 36.85 Capell v Winter [1907] 2 Ch 376 ................................................................................................ 2.30 Capewell v Revenue and Customs Commissioners [2007] 1 WLR 387 ............... 36.05, 36.85, 36.125 Capgemini US LLC v Case [2004] NSWSC 674 ....................................................................... 31.155 Capita Financial Group Ltd v Rothwells Ltd (1993) 30 NSWLR 619 ............... 14.125, 14.130, 14.180 Capitanescu v Universal Weld Overlays Inc (1996) 141 DLR (4th) 751 .................................... 32.155 Capral Fiduciary Ltd v Ladd (1999) 1 NZSC 40,455 ................................................................ 28.200 Carbery v Cox (1852) 3 Ir Ch R 231n ..................................................................................... 29.155 Cardigan v Moore [2012] WTLR 931 ........................................................................................ 22.95 Cardile v LED Builders Pty Ltd (1999) 198 CLR 380 ...................... 31.05, 31.25, 32.05, 32.20, 32.35, 32.40, 32.75, 32.80, 32.100 Carey v Norton [1998] 1 NZLR 661 ................................................................................... 7.05, 7.45 Carkeek v Tate-​Jones [1971] VR 691 ........................................................................... 26.100, 26.130 Carl Zeiss Stiftung v Rayner & Keeler Ltd (No 2) [1967] 1 AC 853 ............................................ 10.25 Carlton and United Breweries (NSW) Pty Ltd v Bond Brewing New South Wales Ltd (1987) 76 ALR 633 ............................................................................................................ 31.155 Carlton v Goodman [2002] 2 FLR 259 ...................................................................................... 26.80 Carmine v Ritchie [2012] NZHC 1514 ...................................................................................... 21.55 Carnac, Re (1885) 16 QBD 308 ................................................................................................ 8.135 Carob Industries Pty Ltd (in liq) v Simto Pty Ltd (2000) 23 WAR 515 .......................................... 3.25 Carpentaria Investments Pty Ltd v Airs [1972] Qd R 436 ........................................................... 33.10 Carpenter v McGrath (1996) 40 NSWLR 39 .............................................................................. 11.50 Carr v McDonald's Australia Ltd (1994) 63 FCR 358 ..................................................... 10.385, 34.75 Carreras Rothmans Ltd v Freeman Mathews Treasure Ltd [1985] Ch 207 ......................... 1.65, 1.150 Carruthers v Manning [2001] NSWSC 1130 ........................................................................... 38.230 Carson, Re [1956] QSR 466 .................................................................................................... 29.175 Carson v Wood (1994) 34 NSWLR 9 ....................................................................................... 38.195 xlvii

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Equity and Trusts in Australia

Carter Holt Harvey Woodproducts (Australia) Pty Ltd (No 1) [2017] VSC 499 ............................. 1.65 Carter Sumitomo Bank Ltd v Kartika Ratna Thahir [1993] 1 SLR 735 ......................................... 38.45 Carydis v Merrag Pty Ltd (2007) 13 BPR 24,773 ..................................................................... 33.150 Cash Converters Pty Ltd v Hila Pty Ltd (1993) 9 WAR 471 .......................................... 31.145, 31.165 Cash Management Resources Australia Pty Ltd v BT Securities Ltd [1990] VR 576 ....................... 2.10 Cashman v 7 North Golden Gate Gold Mining Co (1897) 7 QLJ 152 ........................................ 30.25 Casper Corp Pty Ltd v Gorman (2011) 5 BFRA 166 ................................................................. 33.150 Cassidy, Re [1979] VR 369 ......................................................................................... 23.175, 25.165 Cassis v Kalfus (No 2) [2004] NSWCA 315 ................................................................................ 34.55 Castellain v Preston (1883) 11 QBD 380 ................................................................................... 14.30 Castlemaine Tooheys Ltd v South Australia (1986) 161 CLR 148 ................................... 31.70, 31.95, 31.105, 31.165 Castrol Australia Pty Ltd v EmTech Associates Pty Ltd (1980) 33 ALR 31 ................ 6.80, 6.155, 6.190 Catanzariti v Romano [2011] ACTSC 106 ..................................................................... 7.130, 18.105 Caton v Caton (1866) LR 1 Ch App 137 ................................................................................... 12.05 Cattley v Pollard [2007] Ch 353 .............................................................................................. 24.195 Causley v Countryside (No 3) Pty Ltd (unreported, CA(NSW), 2 September 1996) ................... 27.55 Cave-​Brown-​Cave, Estate of [1906] VLR 283 ........................................................................... 23.175 Cave v Cave (1880) 15 Ch D 639 ............................................................................................. 2.105 Cavendish Square Holdings BV v Makdessi [2016] AC 1172 ......... 13.10, 13.15, 13.20, 13.25, 13.30, 13.35, 13.40, 13.50, 13.90, 13.95, 33.10 Cayne v Global Natural Resources plc [1984] 1 All ER 225 ......................................... 31.125, 31.165 CBS Records Australia Ltd v Telmak Teleproducts (Australia) Pty Ltd (1987) 72 ALR 270 ........................................................................................................... 31.155, 31.165 CBS United Kingdom Ltd v Lambert [1983] Ch 37 ........................................ 32.130, 32.190, 32.195 Cedar Meats (Aust) Pty Ltd v Five Star Lamb Pty Ltd (2014) 45 VR 79 ....................................... 13.50 Celestial Aviation Trading 71 Ltd v Paramount Airways Private Ltd [2010] 1 CLC 165 ............... 11.10 Celtic Resources Holdings plc v Arduina Holding BV (2006) 32 WAR 276 ................................ 32.115 Centaur Mining & Exploration Ltd v Anaconda Nickel Ltd (2001) 19 ACLC 1375 ..................... 6.210 Centofanti v Eekimitor Pty Ltd (1995) 65 SASR 31 .................................................................... 4.115 Central Bayside Division of General Practice Ltd v Commissioner of State Revenue (2005) 60 ATR 151 .............................................................................................................. 29.85 Central Bayside General Practice Association Ltd v Commissioner of State Revenue (2006) 228 CLR 168 ................................................................................................. 29.35, 29.85 Central Commodities Services Pty Ltd, Re Application of [1984] 1 NSWLR 25 ......................... 36.125 Central Estates (Belgravia) Ltd v Woolgar (No 2) [1972] 1 WLR 1048 ........................................ 11.90 Central Insurance Co Ltd v Seacalf Shipping Corporation (The “Aiolos”) [1983] 2 Lloyd's Rep 25 ..................................................................................................................... 3.125 Central London Property Trust Ltd v High Trees House Ltd [1947] 1 KB 130 ..................... 10.75, P.45 Central Mortgage Registry of Australia Ltd v Donemore Pty Ltd [1984] 2 NSWLR 128 ..... 2.90, 2.100 Central Newbury Car Auctions Ltd v Unity Finance Ltd [1957] 1 QB 371 .................................... 2.25 Central Trust and Safe Deposit Co v Snider [1916] 1 AC 266 .................................................. 38.155 Centrepoint Community Growth Trust, Re [2000] 2 NZLR 325 .................................. 29.115, 29.230 Centrepoint Community Growth Trust v Commissioner of Inland Revenue [1985] 1 NZLR 673 ............................................................................................................. 29.170, 29.280 CF Partners (UK) LLP v Barclays Bank plc [2014] EWHC 3049 .................................. 6.25, 6.80, 6.185 CGM Investments Pty Ltd v Chelliah (No 2) [2003] FCA 305 .................................................. 31.190 CGU Insurance Ltd v Chacmol Holdings Pty Ltd [2003] VSC 493 .............................................. 32.40 CGU Insurance Ltd v One.Tel Ltd (in liq) (2010) 242 CLR 174 ....................................... 21.45, 22.10 Chacos v Dijan Pty Ltd [2003] NSWSC 821 ............................................................................... 32.75 Chaffey v Mount Cook Air Services Ltd [1969] NZLR 25 ........................................................... 37.20 Chahwan v Euphoric Pty Ltd (2009) 73 ACSR 252 .................................................................... 24.15 Chaine-​Nickson v Bank of Ireland [1976] IR 393 ....................................................................... 20.55 Challenge Bank Ltd v Pandya (1993) 60 SASR 330 .................................................................... 7.165

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Table of Cases

Challenger Managed Investment Ltd v Direct Money Corporation Pty Ltd (2003) 59 NSWLR 452 ....................................................................................................................... 14.105 Chalmers v Pardoe [1963] 1 WLR 677 ................................................................. 1.55, 10.60, 38.270 Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Western Australia (Inc) v Commissioner of State Revenue (2012) 89 ATR 797 ...................................................................................... 29.235 Chambers v Jones (1902) 2 SR (NSW) Eq 177 .............................................................. 21.60, 21.125 Chambers v S R Hamilton Corporate Trustee Ltd [2017] NZAR 882 ............................. 22.40, 23.170 Champion Homes Sales Pty Ltd v JKAM Investments Pty Ltd [2014] NSWSC 952 ............... 1.65, 2.40 Chan v Cresdon Pty Ltd (1989) 168 CLR 242 ...................................................... 1.20, 1.165, 38.155 Chan v Zacharia (1984) 154 CLR 178 ............................................... 4.30, 4.80, 4.190, 4.205, 38.25 Chandran v Narayan [2006] NSWSC 104 ................................................................................. 7.235 Chang v Registrar of Titles (1976) 137 CLR 177 ...................................................................... 38.155 Chanter, Re [1952] SASR 299 ....................................................................................... 17.20, 29.310 Chapman, Re [1896] 2 Ch 763 ............................................................................................... 24.100 Chapman v Browne [1902] 1 Ch 785 ..................................................................................... 24.215 Chapman v Chapman [1954] AC 429 ............................................................................ 25.25, 25.60 Chappell v TCN Channel Nine Pty Ltd (1988) 14 NSWLR 153 ................................................ 31.180 Chappell v Times Newspapers Ltd [1975] 1 WLR 482 ............................................................... 33.80 Charge Card Services Ltd, Re [1987] Ch 150 .............................................................................. 1.65 Charles Marshall Pty Ltd v Grimsley (1956) 95 CLR 353 ................................. 26.55, 26.100, 26.115, 26.120, 26.135, 26.145 Charles v Federal Commissioner of Taxation (1954) 90 CLR 598 ................................ 20.100, 20.105 Charles v Fraser [2010] WTLR 1489 ........................................................................................ 38.135 Charlesworth Nominees Pty Ltd v Charlesworth [2017] VSC 445 .............................................. 21.05 Chartbrook Ltd v Persimmon Homes Ltd [2009] AC 1101 at [59] ............................................. 37.95 Chartered Insurance Institute v Corporation of London [1957] 2 All ER 638 ....................................................................................................................... 29.155 Charteris, Re [1917] 2 Ch 379 ...................................................................... 22.120, 22.125, 23.105 Chase Corp (Aust) Py Ltd v North Sydney Brick & Tile Co Ltd (1994) 35 NSWLR 1 ............................................................................................................. 2.80,14.220, 14.225, 14.245 Chase Manhattan Bank NA v Israel-​British Bank (London) Ltd [1981] 1 Ch 105 ........................ 8.105 Chattey v Farndale Holdings Inc (1998) 75 P & CR 298 ............................................................ 1.100 Chattis Nominees Pty Ltd v Norman Ross Homeworks Pty Ltd (receiver appointed) (in liq) (1992) 28 NSWLR 338 ....................................... 16.75, 16.80, 16.85 Cheese v Thomas [1994] 1 All ER 35 ................................................................................ 7.80, 7.280 Chellaram v Chellaram [1985] Ch 409 ...................................................................................... 21.65 Chellew v Excell [2009] 1 NZLR 711 ......................................................................................... 22.95 Cheltenham & Gloucester Building Society v Ricketts [1993] 1 WLR 1545 ................. 31.130, 31.140 Cheltenham & Gloucester plc v Appleyard [2004] EWCA Civ 291 ........................................... 14.105 Chen v Song [2005] ANZ ConvR 130 ....................................................................................... 9.115 Cherokee Nation v Georgia (1831) 30 US 1 ................................................................................ 5.40 Chesterman v Federal Commissioner of Taxation (1923) 32 CLR 362 ...................................... 29.380 Chesterman v Federal Commissioner of Taxation [1926] AC 128 ............................................ 29.290 Chesterman v Mitchell (1923) 24 SR (NSW) 108 ....................................................... 29.175, 29.245 Chettiar v Chettiar [1962] AC 294 ................................................................................. 19.30, 19.35 Chichester Diocesan Fund and Board of Finance (Incorporated) v Simpson [1944] AC 341 .............................................................................................................................. 29.290 Chichester v Coventry (1867) LR 2 HL 71 .......................................................... 15.40, 15.45, 15.55, 15.65, 15.70, 15.75, 15.85 Chick v Grosfeld (No 3) [2012] NSWSC 1536 ........................................................................... 22.80 Chidiak v Maatouk [2010] NSWSC 386 .................................................................................. 14.130 Chief Commissioner of Stamp Duties (NSW) v Buckle (1998) 192 CLR 226 ................................................................. 20.120, 23.125, 23.130, 25.105, 25.160

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Equity and Trusts in Australia

Chief Commissioner of Stamp Duties (NSW) v ISPT Pty Ltd (1998) 41 ATR 29 ..................................................................................................... 1.165, 16.05, 17.70, 21.45, 23.125, 27.10 Chief Commissioner of State Revenue v CCM Holdings Trust Pty Ltd [2014] NSWCA 4 ............................................................................................................... 23.140, 27.55 Chief Commissioner of State Revenue v Smeaton Grange Holdings Pty Ltd (2017) 106 ATR 151 ........................................................................................................................ 20.75 Child v Dynes [1985] 2 NZLR 554 ............................................................................................ 2.110 Chillingworth v Chambers [1896] 1 Ch 685 ................................................. 23.160, 23.165, 24.165 China Light & Power Company Ltd v Ford [1996] 1 HKLR 57 ................................................... 6.360 Chint Australasia Pty Ltd v Cosmoluce Pty Ltd (2008) 14 BPR 26,279 ........................ 10.200, 10.205 Chioggia, The [1898] P 1 ........................................................................................................ 14.245 Chipper v Perpetual Executors Trustee and Agency Co (WA) Ltd [1973] WAR 136 .................... 25.80 Chirnside, Re (1903) 29 VLR 4 ....................................................................................... 15.70, 15.85 Chirnside, Re [1956] VLR 295 ...................................................................................... 16.195, 22.80 Chirnside v Fay [2004] 3 NZLR 637 ...................................................................... 4.30, 4.215, 34.05 Chirnside v Fay [2007] 1 NZLR 433 .............................................................. 4.30, 4.60, 4.70, 4.215, 4.220, 34.05, 34.145 Chiro v Linton (No 2) [2009] SASC 197 .................................................................................... 22.90 Chittick v Galea [2007] NSWSC 38 ........................................................................................... 11.95 Chittick v Maxwell (1993) 118 ALR 728 .......................................................................... 34.55, P.175 Choi v Kim [2013] NSWSC 1774 ............................................................................................ 38.250 Chomley, Re (2014) 10 ASTLR 338 ......................................................................................... 22.110 Chow Cho-Poon, Re Estate of (2013) 10 ASTLR 251 ............................................................... 23.170 Christensen v Christensen [1954] QWN 37 ............................................................................... 22.30 Christmas' Settlement Trusts, Re [1986] 1 Qd R 372 ................................................................. 25.65 Christodoulou v Christodoulou [2009] VSC 583 .............................................................. 7.130, 9.50 Christ's Hospital v Grainger (1849) 1 Mac & G 460; 41 ER 1343 ............................................... 29.25 Christy v Courtenay (1850) 13 Beav 96; 51 ER 38 ................................................................... 26.145 Chrysalis Records Ltd v Vere (1982) 43 ALR 440 ..................................................................... 32.155 Church of England Property Trust, Diocese of Canberra and Goulburn v Imlay Shire Council [1971] 2 NSWLR 216 ............................................................................................ 29.125 Church of England Property Trust Diocese of Goulburn v Rossi (1893) 14 LR (NSW) Eq 186 ............................................................................................................ 21.05 Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, Canadian Trust v King (1998) 165 DLR (4th) 227 ............................................................................................................. 31.140 Church of Scientology of California Inc v Reader's Digest Services Pty Ltd [1980] 1 NSWLR 344 ....................................................................................................................... 31.180 Church of Scientology of California v Kaufman [1973] RPC 635 ................................................ 6.305 Church of Scientology v Woodward (1982) 154 CLR 25 ........................................................... 37.55 Church of the New Faith v Commissioner for Pay-​roll Tax (Vic) (1983) 154 CLR 120 ............... 29.170 Church v Arnold (1902) 2 SR (NSW) 127 ................................................................................ 36.130 Church v Talbot (1901) 1 SR (NSW) Eq 13 .............................................................................. 22.225 Churchill v Churchill (1867) LR 5 Eq 44 ...................................................................................... 8.75 Chwee Kin Keong v Digilandmall.com Pte Ltd [2005] 1 SLR 502 ................................... 8.190, 8.200 Cia de Seguros Imperio v Heath (REBX) Ltd [2001] 1 WLR 112 ...................................... 30.35, 30.40 Ciaglia v Ciaglia (2010) 269 ALR 175 ............................................................................. 12.85, 18.10 Ciavarella v Balmer (1983) 153 CLR 438 ........................................................................ 11.25, 11.35 CIBC Mortgages plc v Pitt [1994] 1 AC 200 ....................................................................... 7.45, 7.80 Ciccarello, Re [2008] FCA 141 ................................................................................................ 24.125 Cicinave Pty Ltd v Jasco Pty Ltd (1989) 5 BPR 11,139 ............................................................... 11.95 Cid v Cortes (1987) 4 BPR 9391 ............................................................................................... 14.85 Cierpiatka, Marriage of (2000) 25 Fam LR 548 ............................................................. 17.20, 38.270 Cinema Plus Ltd v Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Ltd (2000) 49 NSWLR 513 ...................................................................................................................... 1.65 l

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Table of Cases

Circuit Finance Australia Ltd (recs and mgrs apptd) (in liq) v Panella (2011) 16 BPR 30,347 ....................................................................................................................... 2.20 Circuit Finance Australia Ltd v Registrar of Titles [2006] 1 Qd R 204 .......................................... 1.150 Cirillo v Citicorp Australia Ltd (2004) 2 ABC (NS) 525 ................................................ 31.130, 31.140 Cisera v Cisera Holdings Pty Ltd [2017] NSWSC 960 ...................................................... 25.35, 25.45 CIT Credit Pty Ltd v Keable (2006) Aust Contract R ¶90-​243 ............................................ 9.45, 9.190 Citadel General Assurance Co v Lloyds Bank Canada (1998) 152 DLR (4th) 411 ........ 38.110, 38.125 Citibank Pty Ltd v Simon Fredericks Pty Ltd [1993] 2 VR 168 .................................................. 30.130 Citibank Savings Ltd v Nicholson (1997) 70 SASR 206 ..................................................... 7.65, 7.165 City Equitable Fire Insurance Co Ltd, Re [1925] 1 Ch 407 ......................................................... 24.95 City of Mandurah v Australian Flying Corps & Royal Australian Air Force Association (WA Division) Inc (2016) 50 WAR 466 .................................................................... 29.80, 29.125 City of Sydney Real Estate Co Ltd, Re (1928) 29 SR (NSW) 80 .................................................. 22.95 Civil Service Co-​operative Society v Blyth (1914) 17 CLR 601 ................................................. 35.110 CL, Re [1969] 1 Ch 587 ............................................................................................................ 25.65 Clancy v Salienta Pty Ltd (2000) 11 BPR 20,425 ........................................................... 8.120, 11.35, 11.45, 38.205 Clark Auto Body Ltd v Integra Custom Collision Ltd (2007) 28 BLR (4th) 17 ............................. 11.10 Clark (deceased), Re Will of [1957] VR 171 ............................................................................. 29.125 Clark Drummie & Co v Ryan (1997) 148 DLR (4th) 311 ........................................................... 26.10 Clark Equipment Credit of Australia Ltd v Como Factors Pty Ltd (1988) 14 NSWLR 552 ............................................................................................ 32.75, 32.80, 36.125 Clark v Corporation of the Trustees of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Brisbane [1998] 1 Qd R 26 .................................................................................................................. 7.30 Clark v Raymor (Brisbane) Pty Ltd (No 2) [1982] Qd R 790 ................................................ 1.65, 2.10 Clark v Rowell Consulting Services Pty Ltd [2003] WASC 178 ................................................... 31.65 Clark v Sewell (1744) 3 Atk 96 .................................................................................................. 15.25 Clarke, Re (1881) 18 Ch D 160 ............................................................................................... 22.140 Clarke, Re (1887) 36 Ch D 348 ................................................................................................... 1.65 Clarke, Re [1901] 2 Ch 110 .................................................................................................... 17.170 Clarke v Australian Labor Party (South Australian Branch) (1999) 74 SASR 109 ......................... 37.40 Clarke v Clarke [2002] WASC 73 ............................................................................................... 23.20 Clarke v Dickson (1858) EB & E 148; 120 ER 463 ...................................................................... 35.10 Clarke v Dilberovic (1982) NSW ConvR ¶55–​083 ...................................................................... 11.80 Clarke v Japan Machines (Australia) Pty Ltd [1984] 1 Qd R 404 ............................................... 31.150 Clarke v Meadus [2013] WTLR 199 ......................................................................................... 10.215 Clarke v Ramuz [1891] 2 QB 456 ............................................................................................ 38.150 Clarke v Terry (1859) 1 Legge 753 ............................................................................................ 26.30 Clasic International Pty Ltd v Lagos (2002) 60 NSWLR 241 ............................................ 8.155, 8.170 Clay v Clay (1999) 20 WAR 427 ........................................................................ 23.85, 23.115, 24.50 Clay v Clay (2001) 202 CLR 410 ...................................................................... 4.315, 16.15, 16.170, 22.115, 24.195 Clay v Karlson (No 2) (1998) 19 WAR 287 ................................................................................ 19.80 Clayhope Properties Ltd v Evans [1986] 1 WLR 1223 .............................................................. 36.145 Clayton v Clayton [2015] 3 NZLR 293 ......................................................................... 16.175, 17.35 Clayton v Clayton [2016] 1 NZLR 551 ............................................................ 17.35, 20.135, 20.140 Clayton v Montgomery (1897) 18 LR (NSW) Eq 171 .............................................................. 22.160 Clayton's Case (1816) 1 Merc 572; 35 ER 781 ........................................................................ 39.100 CLC Corporation v Cambridge Gulf Holdings NL (1997) 25 ACSR 296 ..................................... 33.60 Cleadon Trust Ltd, Re [1939] 1 Ch 286 ........................................................................ 14.20, 14.115 Cleaver (deceased), Re [1981] 2 All ER 1018 ........................................................................... 38.135 Clegg v Edmondson (1857) 8 De GM & G 787; 44 ER 593 ....................................................... 30.75 Clement v Cheesman (1884) 27 Ch D 631 ............................................................................. 18.135 Clements and Marshall Pty Ltd v Field Peas Marketing Board (Tas) (1947) 76 CLR 401 ........... 31.160 Clifford, Re [1912] 1 Ch 29 ..................................................................................................... 29.255 li

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Equity and Trusts in Australia

Clitheroe's Settlement Trusts, Re [1959] 3 All ER 789 ................................................................ 25.60 Clone Pty Ltd v Players Pty Ltd (in liq) (2018) 353 ALR 24 ........................................................... 8.05 Cloud Top Pty Ltd v Toma Services Pty Ltd [2008] NSWSC 568 ................................................ 11.70 Clough Mill Ltd v Martin [1985] 1 WLR 111 ............................................................................. 16.75 Clough v London and North Western Railway Co (1871) LR 7 Ex 26 ......................................... 35.85 Clout and Frewer's Contract, Re [1924] 2 Ch 230 ..................................................................... 21.90 Clout (Trustee) v Anscor Pty Ltd [2001] FCA 174 ...................................................................... 32.80 Clout v Markwell [2001] QSC 91 ............................................................................... 38.230, 38.255 Clout v Stoddart (SE Queensland) Pty Ltd (2016) 115 ACSR 459 .............................................. 1.105 Club Cape Schanck Resort Co Ltd v Cape Country Club Pty Ltd (2001) 3 VR 526 ................... 37.120 Club of the Clubs Pty Ltd v King Network Group Pty Ltd (No 2) [2007] NSWSC 574 .............. 34.150 Clurstock Pty Ltd v Timanu Pty Ltd (1988) NSW ConvR ¶55–​419 .............................................. 11.75 Clyne v Commissioner of Taxation (1981) 150 CLR 1 .................................................................. 3.35 CM Group Pty Ltd's Caveat, Re [1986] 1 Qd R 381 ................................................................... 2.105 CMG Equity Investments Pty Ltd v Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Ltd (2008) 65 ACSR 650 ............................................................................................................ 37.75 Co-​operative Insurance Society Ltd v Argyll Stores (Holdings) Ltd [1996] 3 WLR 27 .................. 33.95 Co-​operative Insurance Society Ltd v Argyll Stores (Holdings) Ltd [1998] AC 1 ............. 31.65, 33.90, 33.105 Co-​ordinated Industries Pty Ltd v Elliott (1998) 43 NSWLR 282 ................................................ 4.290 Coad v Wellness Pursuit Pty Ltd (in liq) (2009) 226 FLR 91 ........................................................ 1.105 Coastal Estates Pty Ltd v Melevende [1965] VR 433 ...................................................... 35.85, 35.90, 35.95, 35.100 Coates (deceased), Re [1955] 1 Ch 495 .................................................................................. 17.120 Coates v McInerney (1992) 7 WAR 537 .................................................................................. 23.130 Coates v Sarich [1964] WAR 2 ........................................................................................ 11.20, 11.60 Coats' Trusts, Re [1948] Ch 340 .............................................................................................. 29.200 Cobbe v Yeoman's Row Management Ltd [2008] 1 WLR 1752 ....................... 10.60, 10.120, 10.310, 10.390, P.160 Cobcroft, Re [2015] NSWSC 346 ............................................................................................ 38.140 Cobra Golf Inc v Rata [1998] Ch 109 ...................................................................................... 32.180 Coca-​Cola Financial Corp v Finsat International Ltd [1998] QB 43 .......................................... 30.130 Cochrane v Cochrane (1985) 3 NSWLR 403 ................................................................. 14.05, 14.15, 14.85, 14.90 Cock v Smith (1909) 9 CLR 773 ................................................................................................ 23.35 Cockburn v GIO Finance Ltd (No 2) (2001) 51 NSWLR 624 ....................................... 14.125, 14.140 Cockburn's Will Trusts, Re [1957] 1 Ch 438 ............................................................................. 16.205 Cocks v Manners (1871) LR 12 Eq 574 ................................................................................... 29.200 Coco v A N Clark (Engineers) Ltd [1969] RPC 41 .............................................................. 6.20, 6.40, 6.225, 6.235 Codelfa Construction Pty Ltd v State Rail Authority of New South Wales (1982) 149 CLR 337 ..................................................................................................................... 10.200 Codot Developments Ltd v Potter [1981] 1 NZLR 729 ................................................... 11.60, 11.80 Codrington v Codrington (1875) LR 7 HL 854 ........................................................................ 15.100 Cody v Cody [2013] VSC 274 ................................................................................................. 23.175 Cogent Nominees Pty Ltd v Anthony [2003] NSWSC 804 .............................................. 32.80, 32.85 Coghlan v Pyoanee Pty Ltd [2003] 2 Qd R 636 ....................................................................... 33.145 Coghlan v SH Lock (Australia) Ltd (1985) 4 NSWLR 158 ........................................................... 10.45 Cohen, Re [1911] 1 Ch 37 .......................................................................................................... 8.80 Cohen v Bayley-​Worthington [1908] AC 97 .............................................................................. 21.85 Cohen v City of Perth (2000) 112 LGERA 234 ................................................................ 31.70, 31.75 Cohen v Cohen (1929) 42 CLR 91 ............................................................................... 16.95, 16.110 Cohen v Peko-​Wallsend (1986) 68 ALR 394 ............................................................................ 31.165 Cohen v Sellar [1926] 1 KB 536 .............................................................................................. 26.125 Colbart Pty Ltd v Parsons (2017) 120 ACSR 377 ..................................................................... 18.105 lii

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Table of Cases

Colbeam Palmer Ltd v Stock Affiliates Pty Ltd (1970) 122 CLR 25 ................ 34.140, 34.150, 34.155, 34.165, 34.175, P.55 Colburn v Simms (1843) 2 Hare 543; 67 ER 224 ..................................................................... 34.160 Cole, Re Estate of (1980) 25 SASR 489 .................................................................................... 29.300 Cole v Miles [2002] NSWCA 150 .............................................................................................. 34.55 Coleman, Re (1888) 39 Ch D 443 ............................................................................................ 20.20 Coleman Taymar Ltd v Oakes [2001] 2 BCLC 749 ..................................................................... 4.125 Coleman v Holecek (1976) 542 F (2d) 532 ............................................................................... 8.200 Coleman v Myers [1977] 2 NZLR 225 ....................................................................................... 4.115 Coles Supermarkets Australia Pty Ltd v FKP Ltd [2008] FCA 1915 .............................................. 6.180 Coles v Trecothick (1804) 9 Ves 234; 32 ER 592 ...................................................................... 22.100 Colin R Price & Associates Pty Ltd v Four Oaks Pty Ltd (2017) 251 FCR 404 ................... 9.190, 24.15 Collard v State of Western Australia (No 4) [2013] WASC 455 ................................ 4.20, 4.45, 4.315, 5.55, 5.60 College of Law (Properties) Pty Ltd v Willoughby Municipal Council (1978) 38 LGRA 81 ........ 29.145 Collie v Merlaw Nominees Pty Ltd (in liq) (2001) 37 ACSR 361 ............................................... 23.130 Collier (deceased), Re [1998] 1 NZLR 81 ......................................... 29.105, 29.160, 29.295, 29.370 Collin v Holden [1989] VR 510 ..................................................................... 10.310, 10.345, 10.370 Collings v Lee [2001] 2 All ER 332 ................................................................................. 35.65, 38.50 Collins, Re (1886) 32 Ch D 229 ................................................................................................ 25.25 Collins v Collins (1759) 2 Burr 820; 97 ER 579 .......................................................................... 30.95 Collman v Druitt (1881) 2 LR (NSW) Eq 74 ............................................................................. 24.105 Colonial Bank of Australasia v Kerr (1889) 15 VLR 314 ................................................................ 7.90 Colonial Bank v European Grain & Shipping Ltd (The “Dominique”) [1989] 1 Lloyd's Rep 431 .............................................................................................................. 30.125 Colonial Mutual General Insurance Co Ltd v ANZ Banking Group (New Zealand) Ltd [1995] 3 NZLR 1 ........................................................................................................... 3.60, 3.70 Colquhoun v Dronpane Pty Ltd [2011] NSWSC 1500 .................................................... 37.65, 37.75 Columbia Picture Industries Inc v Robinson [1987] Ch 38 ............... 32.140, 32.160, 32.165, 32.170, 32.175, 32.185, 32.190, 32.210 Colvin v Hartwell (1837) 5 Cl & F 484; 7 ER 488 ....................................................................... P.180 Colyear v Lady Mulgrave (1836) 2 Keen 81; 48 ER 559 ........................................................... 18.120 Cominos v Rekes (1979) 2 BPR 9619 ...................................................................................... 33.130 Comiskey v Bowring-​Hanbury [1915] AC 84 ............................................................................. 17.20 Comlin Holdings Pty Ltd v Metlej Developments Pty Ltd [2018] NSWSC 761 ........................... 30.15 Commercial and General Insurance Co Ltd v Government Insurance Office (NSW) (1973) 129 CLR 374 ..................................................................... 14.145, 14.190, 14.210 Commercial Bank of Australia Ltd v Amadio (1983) 151 CLR 447 ................. 8.190, 9.05, 9.20, 9.25, 9.30, 9.40, 9.60, 9.80, 9.85, 9.90, 9.100, 9.110, 9.115, 9.125, 9.155, 9.170, P.150 Commercial Credit Corp v Newall Agencies (1982) 126 DLR (3d) 728 ...................................... 8.200 Commercial Factors Ltd v Maxwell Printing Ltd [1994] 1 NZLR 724 ..................... 3.35, 3.125, 3.150, 30.90, 30.110 Commercial Union Assurance Co v Hayden [1977] QB 804 .................................................... 14.210 Commercial Union Assurance Co v Lister (1874) LR 9 Ch App 483 ........................................... 14.45 Commission Car Sales (Hastings) Ltd v Saul [1957] NZLR 144 .................................................. 11.50 Commission for the New Towns v Cooper (Great Britain) Ltd [1995] 2 WLR 677 .................... 37.125 Common Equity Housing Ltd v Commissioner of State Revenue (1996) 33 ATR 77 ................. 29.115 Commonwealth Bank of Australia v Barker (2014) 253 CLR 169 .................................. 4.295, 28.155 Commonwealth Bank of Australia v Butterell (1994) 35 NSWLR 64 ........................................... 1.105 Commonwealth Bank of Australia v Cohen (1988) ASC ¶55–​681 ................................................ 7.85 Commonwealth Bank of Australia v Crowe [2004] NSWSC 330 ................................................ 7.235 Commonwealth Bank of Australia v Finding [2001] 1 Qd R 168 ................................................ 4.255 Commonwealth Bank of Australia v Green (unreported, CA(NSW), 24 September 1997) ............ 2.15 liii

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Equity and Trusts in Australia

Commonwealth Bank of Australia v Horkings [2000] VSCA 244 ................................................ 7.235 Commonwealth Bank of Australia v Khouri [1998] VSC 128 ........................................... 7.205, 7.235 Commonwealth Bank of Australia v MLD Financial Services & Management Pty Ltd [2015] NSWSC 1476 ......................................................................................................... 30.135 Commonwealth Bank of Australia v Muirhead [1997] 1 Qd R 567 .......................................... 36.165 Commonwealth Bank of Australia v Psevdos [2015] SASC 66 ............................................. 2.35, 2.60 Commonwealth Bank of Australia v Ridout Nominees Pty Ltd [2000] WASC 37 ............ 7.115, 7.170, 7.235, 9.45 Commonwealth Bank of Australia v Saleh [2007] NSWSC 903 .................................................. 39.35 Commonwealth Bank of Australia v Smith (1991) 102 ALR 453 .......................... 4.250, 34.25, 34.40 Commonwealth Bank of Australia v Spira (2002) 174 FLR 274 .................................................... 9.35 Commonwealth Bank Officers Superannuation Corporation Pty Ltd v Beck (2016) 334 ALR 692 ........................................................................................................................ 28.80 Commonwealth of Australia v Booker International Pty Ltd [2002] NSWSC 292 ........................ 17.55 Commonwealth of Australia v Clark [1994] 2 VR 333 .............................................................. 10.310 Commonwealth of Australia v John Fairfax & Sons Ltd (1980) 147 CLR 39 ................................................................................................... 6.10, 6.20, 6.80, 6.155, 6.230, 6.320, P.145 Commonwealth Oil & Gas Company Ltd v Baxter [2009] SLT 1123 .................... 4.85, 4.120, 38.100 Commonwealth Oil Refineries Ltd v Hollins [1956] VLR 169 .............................. 12.05, 12.75, 33.150 Commonwealth Refineries Ltd v Hollins [1956] VLR 169 ......................................................... 33.150 Commonwealth Reserves I v Chodar [2001] 2 NZLR 374 .......................................................... 38.20 Commonwealth Superannuation Scheme Board v Dexter (2004) 142 FCR 151 ...................... 28.235 Commonwealth Trading Bank v Colonial Mutual Life Assurance Society Ltd [1970] Tas SR 120 ........................................................................................................... 14.220, 14.225, 14.240, 14.245 Commonwealth v Amann Aviation Pty Ltd (1991) 174 CLR 64 .................................................... P.60 Commonwealth v Byrnes (2018) 354 ALR 789 .......................................................................... 27.30 Commonwealth v Clark [1994] 2 VR 333 ..................................................... 10.230, 10.235, 10.265, 10.300, 10.310, 10.340, 10.370 Commonwealth v Colonial Combing, Spinning and Weaving Co Ltd (1922) 31 CLR 421 .............................................................................................................. 21.95, 23.15 Commonwealth v Hamilton [1992] 2 Qd R 257 ......................................................... 10.360, 10.380 Commonwealth v John Fairfax & Sons Ltd (1980) 147 CLR 39 ................................................. 6.265 Commonwealth v Progress Advertising & Press Agency Co Pty Ltd (1910) 10 CLR 457 .......... 31.190 Commonwealth v Scituate Savings Bank (1884) 137 Mass 301 .............................................. 10.345 Commonwealth v South East Queensland Aboriginal Corporation for Legal Services (2005) 219 ALR 180 ............................................................................................................ 1.100 Commonwealth v Sterling Nicholas Duty Free Pty Ltd (1972) 126 CLR 297 .............................. 37.35 Commonwealth v Verwayen (1990) 170 CLR 394 ......... 10.50, 10.80, 10.85, 10.95, 10.140, 10.165, 10.195, 10.220, 10.230, 10.235, 10.240, 10.265, 10.275, 10.285, 10.300, 10.310, 10.315, 10.320, 10.340, 10.350, 10.355, 10.370, 10.395, 30.140, 30.150, 30.160 Commonwealth v VL Investments Pty Ltd (1988) V ConvR ¶54–​305 ....................................... 37.125 Community Housing Ltd v Clarence Valley Council (2015) 90 NSWLR 292 ............................. 29.115 Como v Helmers [2011] WASC 179 ........................................................................... 10.240, 10.245 Compania Colombiana De Seguros v Pacific Steam Navigation Co [1964] 1 All ER 216 ............ 3.135 Compaq Computer Australia Pty Ltd v Merry (1998) 157 ALR 1 ............................................... 38.75 Compass Resources Ltd v Sherman (2010) 42 WAR 1 ............................................................. 27.100 Competitive Funerals Pty Ltd v Gurmit Singh Rai [2005] NSWSC 1171 ..................................... 12.75 Complex Scaffolding Solutions Pty Ltd v Doueihi [2014] NSWSC 230 ......................................... 1.65 Composite Buyers Ltd v Soong (1995) 38 NSWLR 286 ............................................................. 1.150 Compton, Re [1945] Ch 123 .................................................................................................. 29.155 Comptroller of Stamps (Vic) v Howard-​Smith (1936) 54 CLR 614 ............ 3.20, 17.05, 17.65, 25.135

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Table of Cases

Con-​Stan Industries of Australia Pty Ltd v Norwich Winterthur Insurance (Australia) Ltd (1986) 160 CLR 226 ...................................................................................................... 10.45 Congregational Union of New South Wales v Thistlethwayte (1952) 87 CLR 375 ......... 19.95, 29.280 Conlan v Connolly [2011] WASC 160 ....................................................................................... 39.20 Conlan v Registrar of Titles (2001) 24 WAR 299 ......................................................................... P.120 Connaught Restaurants v Indoor Leisure [1994] 1 WLR 505 .................................................... 30.130 Connell v Bond Corporation Pty Ltd (1992) 8 WAR 352 ............................................... 1.115, 16.205 Connolly, Re [1910] 1 Ch 219 .................................................................................................. 17.20 Connor, Re (1970) 10 DLR (3d) 5 ........................................................................................... 17.120 Conquest v Ebbetts [1896] AC 490 ........................................................................................... 33.40 Conroy v Lowndes [1958] Qd R 375 ......................................................................................... 34.75 Considine v Citicorp Australia Ltd [1981] 1 NSWLR 657 .......................................................... 10.375 Consiglio's Settlement, Re (1973) 36 DLR (3d) 658 ................................................................. 21.115 Consolidated Paper Industries Pty Ltd v Matthews [2004] WASC 161 ....................................... 4.285 Consolidated Traders Ltd v Downes [1981] 2 NZLR 247 ........................................................... 31.95 Consolidated Trust Co Ltd v Naylor (1936) 55 CLR 423 .............................................................. 3.35 Constantine v Sanders [2007] NSWSC 250 ............................................................................... 11.95 Construction Engineering (Aust) Pty Ltd v Hexyl Pty Ltd (1985) 155 CLR 541 ......................... 16.100 Construction Industry Training Board v Attorney-​General [1971] 1 WLR 1303 ........................ 29.155 Construction Industry Training Board v Attorney-​General [1973] Ch 73 .................................. 29.155 Consul Development Pty Ltd v DPC Estates Pty Ltd (1975) 132 CLR 373 ........... 38.65, 38.70, 38.80, 38.105, 38.120 Contractors Bonding Ltd v Snee [1992] 2 NZLR 157 ...................................... 7.45, 7.60, 7.80, 7.165 Contradictors v Attorney-​General [1999] 2 NZLR 523 ............................................................... 24.85 Contradictors v Attorney-​General [2001] 3 NZLR 301 ............................................................... 24.85 Conveyor Co of Australia Pty Ltd v Cameron Bros Engineering Co Ltd [1973] 2 NZLR 38 ........................................................................................................................... 6.220 Cook Inc v World Medical Manufacturing Corp [1999] FCA 1333 ........................................... 31.195 Cook, Re [1948] Ch 212 ........................................................................................................... 16.05 Cook v Evatt (No 2) [1992] 1 NZLR 676 ................................................................ 4.70, 4.90, 4.235, 34.50, 34.125 Cook v Italiano Family Fruit Company Pty Ltd (in liq) (2010) 80 ACSR 680 ............................... 14.70 Cook v Rodgers (1946) 46 SR (NSW) 229 .................................................................... 33.45, 37.145 Cooke v Cooke [1987] VR 625 ................................................................................................ 38.215 Cook's Settlement Trust, Re [1965] Ch 902 ................................................................ 18.115, 18.120 Coolbrew Pty Ltd v Westpac Banking Corporation (2014) 14 ASTLR 135 ................................ 27.100 Coolbrew Pty Ltd v Westpac Banking Corporation [2015] NSWCA 135 .................................. 27.100 Coombes v Smith [1986] 1 WLR 808 ...................................................................................... 10.160 Cooney v Burns (1922) 30 CLR 216 ................................................................... 12.05, 12.15, 12.45, 12.60, 12.70 Cooney v Council of the Municipality of Ku-​ring-​gai (1963) 114 CLR 582 ................................ 31.25 Cooper & Allen's Contract for Sale to Harlech, Re (1876) 4 Ch D 802 ....................................... 23.85 Cooper, Re [1939] Ch 811 ........................................................................................................ 18.50 Cooper Street Property Trust (No 2), Re [2017] VSC 291 .......................................................... 21.70 Cooper v Cooper (1874) LR 7 HL 53 ....................................................................................... 15.105 Cooper v Phibbs (1867) LR 2 HL 149 ........................................................................................ 8.175 Cooper's Conveyance Trusts, Re [1956] 1 WLR 1096 ............................................................... 29.340 Coote v Clark [2007] WASC 97 ................................................................................................. 25.60 Coote v Warren [2013] NZHC 3210 ............................................................................ 21.75, 21.105 Cope v Keene (1968) 118 CLR 1 .................................................................................. 18.95, 18.130 Coppel, Re [1950] VLR 328 ........................................................................................ 25.140, 27.115 Coral Vista Pty Ltd v Halkeas [2010] QSC 449 ........................................................................... 21.30 Coram, Re (1992) 109 ALR 353 ................................................................................. 27.120, 28.130 Corbiere v Dulley [2016] QSC 134 .......................................................................................... 23.185

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Equity and Trusts in Australia

Corbun, Re [1941] Ch 400 ..................................................................................................... 29.245 Corelli, Re [1943] 1 Ch 332 ...................................................................................................... 29.50 Corin v Patton (1990) 169 CLR 540 ............................................... 1.60, 18.95, 18.100, 18.105, P.70 Cornelius v De Taranto [2001] EMLR 12 .................................................................................... 6.365 Cornerstone Property & Development Pty Ltd v Suellen Properties Pty Ltd [2015] 1 Qd R 75 ............................................................................................................... 38.85, 38.100 Cornfoot v Holdenson [1932] VLR 4 .......................................................................... 14.135, 14.150 Coromandel Place Pty Ltd v CL Custodians Pty Ltd (in liq) (1999) 30 ACSR 377 .......... 36.85, 36.125 Coronation Syndicate v Lilienfeld [1903] TS 489 ....................................................................... 22.40 Corozo Pty Ltd v Total Australia Ltd [1987] 2 Qd R 11 ............................................................ 23.130 Corozo Pty Ltd v Total Australia Ltd [1988] 2 Qd R 366 ............................................................ 27.25 Corpers (No 664) Pty Ltd v NZI Securities Australia Ltd (1989) ASC ¶55–​714 ........................... 33.65 Corporate Affairs Commission v Smithson [1984] 3 NSWLR 547 ............................................. 36.130 Corporate Systems Publishing Pty Ltd v Lingard [2009] WASCA 158 ....................................... 24.135 Corporate Systems Publishing Pty Ltd v Lingard (No 4) (2008) 2 ASTLR 431 .......................... 24.135 Corporate Transport Services v Toll (2005) 214 ALR 644 .............................................. 31.65, 31.135 Corporation of the City of Port Adelaide v South Australian Railways Commissioner [1927] SASR 197 ................................................................................................................. 34.80 Corrs Pavey Whiting & Byrne v Collector of Customs (Vic) (1987) 14 FCR 434 .............. 6.280, 6.290 Corsellis, Re (1887) 34 Ch D 675 .............................................................................................. 22.75 Corumo Holdings Pty Ltd v C Itoh Ltd (1991) 24 NSWLR 370 .................................................. 21.45 Cory v Gertcken (1816) 2 Madd 40; 56 ER 250 ...................................................................... 24.160 Cosser v Collinge (1832) 3 My & K 283; 40 ER 108 .................................................................. 2.130 Cossey v Bach [1992] 3 NZLR 612 .......................................... 26.45, 26.95, 26.100, 26.125, 26.130 Cosslett (Contractors) Ltd, Re [1998] 2 WLR 131 ............................................................. 1.80, 1.150 Costa & Duppe Properties Pty Ltd v Duppe [1986] VR 90 ....................................................... 20.110 Costin v Costin [1997] ANZ Conv R 401 ................................................................................. 18.105 Cotton v Dempster (1918) 20 WAR 14 ................................................................................... 24.205 Couch v Branch Investments (1969) Ltd [1980] 2 NZLR 314 ...................................................... 8.20 Coulls v Bagot's Executor and Trustee Co Ltd (1967) 119 CLR 460 .............................. 14.150, 33.75 Coulthard v Disco Mix Club Ltd [1999] 2 All ER 457 .................................................... 24.105, 30.40 Coulthurst, Re [1951] Ch 661 ................................................................................................. 29.115 Countess of Bective v Federal Commissioner of Taxation (1932) 47 CLR 417 ................ 1.45, 16.150,  16.170 Counties Manukau Pacific Trust v Manukau City Council [2009] 2 NZLR 260 .............................. 4.30 Countryside (No 3) Pty Ltd v Best [2001] NSWSC 1152 .......................................................... 23.140 Countrywide Finance Ltd v State Insurance Ltd [1993] 3 NZLR 745 .......................................... 37.15 Coupe v J M Coupe Publishing Ltd [1981] 1 NZLR 275 ........................................................... 30.140 Courage Group's Pension Schemes, Re [1987] 1 All ER 528 ........................................ 28.150, 28.170 Court Line Ltd v Aktiebolaget v Gotaverken [1984] 1 Lloyd's Rep 283 ......................................... 3.35 Courtenay House Capital Trading Group Pty Ltd (in liq), In the Matter of (2018) 125 ACSR 149 ........................................................................................................ 16.115, 17.15 Courtenay v Austin [1962] NSWR 296 ........................................................................................ 2.60 Courtney v Powell [2012] NSWSC 460 ............................................................................ 7.55, 7.130 Couzens v Negri [1981] VR 824 .............................................................................................. 23.175 Coventry v Smith (2004) 181 FLR 220 ....................................................................... 16.190, 20.155 Covino v Bandag Manufacturing Pty Ltd [1983] 1 NSWLR 237 ............................................... 30.110 Cowan de Groot Properties Ltd v Eagle Trust plc [1992] 4 All ER 700 ...................................... 38.105 Cowan v Scargill [1985] Ch 270 ......................................................... 22.20, 22.205, 22.210, 28.85, 28.120, 28.170, 28.175, 28.220 Cowcher v Cowcher [1972] 1 All ER 943 .................................................................................. 26.85 Cowell v British American Tobacco Australia Services Ltd [2007] VSCA 301 ............................... 6.295 Cowell v Rosehill Racecourse Co Ltd (1937) 56 CLR 605 ........................................................... 31.20 Cowen v Piggott [1989] 1 Qd R 41 ........................................................................................... 7.155

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Table of Cases

Cowichan Native Heritage Society (Trustee of) v TD Bank (1993) 106 DLR (4th) 126 .................. 3.50 Cox v Archer (1964) 110 CLR 1 .............................................................................................. 25.135 Coxen, Re [1948] Ch 747 ....................................................................................................... 29.275 CPT Custodian Pty Ltd v Commissioner of State Revenue (2005) 224 CLR 98 ..................................................................................... 1.15, 16.05, 20.100, 20.115, 23.125, 25.135, 25.145 Crabb v Arun District Council [1976] Ch 179 ............................................................... 10.60, 10.310 Crabb v Crabb (1834) 1 My & K 511; 39 ER 774 .................................................................... 26.135 Craddock Bros v Hunt [1923] 2 Ch 136 ................................................. 2.125, 37.65, 37.95, 37.105 Cradock v Scottish Provident Institution (1893) 69 LT 380 .......................................................... 1.65 Craig, Re (1952) 52 SR (NSW) 265 ................................................................................ 22.30, 22.90 Craine v Colonial Mutual Fire Insurance Co (1920) 28 CLR 305 .............................................. 30.160 Cram Foundation v Corbett-​Jones [2006] NSWSC 495 ................................... 29.50, 29.340, 29.365 Crampton v French [1996] ANZ Conv R 156 ............................................................................ 1.155 Crane v Hegeman-​Harris Co Inc [1939] 1 All ER 662 .................................................... 37.95, 37.105 Crane v Hegeman-​Harris Co Inc [1939] 4 All ER 68 ................................................................... 37.95 Cranfield Pty Ltd v Commonwealth Bank of Australia [1998] VSC 140 .................. 7.235, 9.60, 9.115 Cranston v CBFC Ltd (unreported, SC(NSW), Bryson J, 11 June 1993) ........................................ 2.10 Craven-​Sands v Koch (2000) 34 ACSR 341 .................................................. 21.105, 21.110, 24.200, 24.205, 24.210 Craven’s Estate, Re [1937] Ch 431 ............................................................................................ 25.45 Crawley v Short (2009) 262 ALR 654 ........................................................................................ 4.115 Crawshay, Re [1948] 1 All ER 107 ...................................................................................... 8.65, 8.70 Creamoata Ltd v Rice Equalisation Association Ltd (1953) 89 CLR 286 ....................... 30.145, 30.150 Creation Records Ltd v News Group Newspapers Ltd (1997) 39 IPR 1 ...................................... 6.270 Creative Brands Pty Ltd v Franklin [2001] VSC 338 ................................................................... 6.215 Credit Lyonnais Bank Nederland NV v Burch [1997] 1 All ER 144 .................. 7.35, 7.60, 7.80, 7.170, 7.180, 9.15, 9.85 Creditors Trust of Jackgreen (International) Pty Ltd, Re [2011] NSWSC 748 .............................. 25.35 Crescendo Management Pty Ltd v Westpac Banking Corporation (1988) 19 NSWLR 40 ............................................................................................. 8.10, 8.15, 8.20, 8.25 Cressy v Johnson [2009] VSC 52 ................................................................................ 38.180, 38.195 Crest Homes plc v Marks [1987] AC 829 ................................................................................. 32.140 Crest Realty Pty Ltd (in liq), Re [1977] 1 NSWLR 664 ................................................................ 24.25 Crestline Pty Ltd v Graham [2004] WASC 183 ........................................................................ 31.195 Cretanor Maritime Co Ltd v Irish Marine Management Ltd [1978] 1 WLR 966 ............................ 1.80 Crichton v Crichton (1930) 43 CLR 536 .................................................................................... 18.10 Cripps, Re [1941] Tas SR 19 .................................................................................................... 29.100 Cripps v Lakeview Farm Fresh Ltd (in rec) [2006] 1 NZLR 238 ....................................... 35.65, 35.75 Crisp v Fairfax Media Ltd (2012) 38 VR 544 ............................................................................ 31.175 Criterion Properties plc v Stratford UK Properties LLC [2004] 1 WLR 1846 .............................. 38.100 Crook v Smart (1872) 11 SCR (NSW) Eq 121 .......................................................................... 22.180 Croome v Tasmania (1997) 191 CLR 119 .................................................................................. 37.30 Cropley v Cropley (2002) 11 BPR 20,171 .................................................................................. 3.100 Crossco No 4 Unlimited v Jolan Ltd [2012] 2 All ER 754 .......................................................... 38.220 Crossingham v Crossingham [2012] NSWSC 95 ....................................................................... 4.315 Crossman v Sheahan (2016) 115 ACSR 130 ............................................................................ 24.150 Crothers, Re [1930] VLR 49 ...................................................................................... 3.15, 3.55, 3.60, 3.70, 14.215, 14.245 Crouch Developments Pty Ltd v D & M (Australia) Pty Ltd [2008] WASC 151 ......................... 31.165 Crown Melbourne Ltd v Cosmopolitan Hotel (Vic) Pty Ltd (2016) 260 CLR 1. ............................................................................................... 10.95, 10.115, 10.120, 10.125, 10.135, 10.170 Crowther v Brophy [1992] 2 VR 97 ......................................................................................... 29.200

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Equity and Trusts in Australia

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Crunden and Meux's Contract, Re [1909] 1 Ch 690 ............................................................... 21.135 Crystal Palace Trustees v Minister of Town and Country Planning [1950] 2 Ch 857 ................. 29.235 CSR Ltd v Amaca Pty Ltd [2016] VSCA 320 ............................................................................... 30.35 CSR Ltd v Cigna Insurance Australia Ltd (1997) 189 CLR 345 ................................................. 31.195 Cubillo v Commonwealth of Australia (2001) 183 ALR 249 ......................................................... 4.40 Cuckmere Brick Co Ltd Mutual Finance Ltd [1971] Ch 949 ....................................................... 36.55 Cuesuper Pty Ltd, Re [2009] NSWSC 981 ........................................................... 22.90, 25.35, 25.50 Cukurova Finance International Ltd v Alfa Telecom Turkey Ltd (Nos 3 to 5) [2016] AC 923 ................................................................................................. 11.10 Cullen v Pension Holdings Ltd (1993) 1 NZSC 40,293 ............................................... 28.155, 28.200 Cully v Parsons [1923] 2 Ch 512 ............................................................................................... 36.25 Cumming v Austin (No 2) (1902) 28 VLR 347 ........................................................................ 23.160 Cumming v Sands (2001) NSW ConvR ¶55–​989 .................................................................... 38.270 Cummings v Lewis (1993) 41 FCR 559 ..................................................................... 14.125, 14.140, 14.170, 14.180 Cummins, Re (1951) 15 ABC 185 ........................................................................................... 19.140 Cummins, Re Estate of [1964] SASR 236 ........................................................... 22.110, 23.90, 23.95 Cummins v Pathline Australia Pty Ltd [2004] SASC 95 .............................................................. 32.75 Cummins v Perkins [1899] 1 Ch 16 ........................................................................................ 23.130 Cummins v Trustees of the Property of Cummins (2004) 209 ALR 521 ................................... 19.120 Cunliffe Brooks & Co v Blackburn and District Benefit Building Society (1884) 9 App Cas 857 ................................................................................................................... 14.115 Cunningham and Frayling, Re [1891] 2 Ch 567 ........................................................................ 21.45 Cunningham's Settled Estates, Re (1909) 27 WN (NSW) 28 ...................................................... 21.80 Currie v Hamilton [1984] 1 NSWLR 687 ........................................................................ 26.75, 26.80 Curtis v NID Pty Ltd [2010] FCA 1072 ...................................................................................... 32.50 Curtis v Sheffield (1882) 21 Ch D 1 .......................................................................................... 37.35 Custodial Ltd v Greig [2005] 2 Qd R 115 .................................................................................. 21.95 Customs and Excise Commissioners v Barclays Bank plc [2005] 1 WLR 2082 ........................... 32.105 Customs and Excise Commissioners v Barclays Bank plc [2007] 1 AC 181 ............................... 32.105 Cuthbert v Roberts (2004) 13 Tas R 83 ..................................................................................... 37.95

D D & J Fowler (Aust) Ltd v Bank of New South Wales [1982] 2 NSWLR 879 ................................ 14.70 D Galambos & Son Pty Ltd v McIntyre (1974) 5 ACTR 10 .......................................... 30.110, 30.115 D V Bryant Trust Board v Hamilton City Council [1997] 3 NZLR 342 ............. 29.110, 29.125, 29.215 D V Bryant Trust Board v Hamilton City Council [1999] 1 NZLR 41 ............... 29.110, 29.125, 29.215 D v National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children [1978] AC 171 .......................... 6.145 Dabbs v Seaman (1925) 36 CLR 538 ........................................................................................ 10.10 Dadourian Group International Inc v Simms [2006] 1 WLR 2499 ............................................ 32.110 Dagle v Dagle Estate (1990) 70 DLR (4th) 201 ............................................................. 22.30, 26.145 Dale (deceased), Re [1993] 4 All ER 129 ................................................................................. 38.135 Dalgety Ltd v Commercial Bank of Australia Ltd [1981] 2 NSWLR 211 ...................................... 14.80 Dalgety Wine Estates Pty Ltd v Rizzon (1979) 141 CLR 552 ....................................................... 31.55 Dalma No 1 Pty Ltd (in liq), Re (2013) 279 FLR 80 ............................................ 14.20, 14.70, 14.105 Dalrymple v Melville (1932) 32 SR (NSW) 596 ........................................................................ 24.100 Dalton v Christofis [1978] WAR 42 ............................................................................................ 18.30 Dalton v Ellis (2005) 65 NSWLR 134 .......................................................................... 16.125, 25.125 Daly v Sydney Stock Exchange Ltd [1982] 2 NSWLR 421 .......................................................... 34.55 Daly v Sydney Stock Exchange Ltd (1986) 160 CLR 371 .......................... 4.235, 35.65, 38.50, 39.40 Dalziel, Re [1943] Ch 277 ....................................................................................................... 29.175 Dance v Goldingham (1873) LR 8 Ch App 902 .......................................................... 23.100, 24.115 Daniel v Tee [2016] 4 WLR 115 ............................................................................................... 22.215 Daniell v Paradiso (1991) 55 SASR 359 ....................................................................................... 2.25 lviii

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Table of Cases

Daniels (deceased), Re [1970] VR 72 ....................................................................................... 29.325 Daniels v Anderson (1995) 37 NSWLR 438 ............................................................................. 28.250 Daraydan Holdings Ltd v Solland International Ltd [2005] Ch 119 ...................... 4.170, 4.275, 38.35 Darjan Estate Co plc v Hurley [2012] 1 WLR 1782 ..................................................................... 7.245 Darling, Re [1925] SASR 262 .................................................................................................... 22.90 Dart Industries Inc v David Bryar & Associates Pty Ltd (1997) 38 IPR 389 ................................................................................................ 6.40, 6.220, 6.250, 6.320, 31.85, 32.180, 32.185 Dart Industries Inc v Decor Corporation Pty Ltd (1993) 179 CLR 101 ........... 34.140, 34.150, 34.160, 34.165, 34.175 Darter Pty Ltd v Malloy [1993] 2 Qd R 615 ............................................ 12.45, 12.60, 12.75, 33.150 Darvall McCutcheon v H K Frost Holdings Pty Ltd (2002) 4 VR 570 .......................................... 6.345 Darwin Cyclone Tracy Relief Trust Fund, Re (1979) 39 FLR 260 ............................................... 29.240 Dataforce Pty Ltd v Brambles Holdings Ltd [1988] VR 771 ...................................................... 31.145 Daventry District Council v Daventry & District Housing Ltd [2012] 1 WLR 1333 ......... 37.70, 37.135 Davey v Challenger Managed Investments Ltd [2003] NSWCA 172 ................................... 9.50, 9.55 David, Re (1889) 41 Ch D 168 ............................................................................................... 29.240 David Securities Pty Ltd v Commonwealth Bank of Australia (1990) 23 FCR 1 ........................... 13.55 David Securities Pty Ltd v Commonwealth Bank of Australia (1992) 175 CLR 353 ................................................................ 8.105, 8.110, 8.115, 8.125, 8.130, 8.185 David Syme & Co Ltd v GMH Ltd [1984] 2 NSWLR 294 .................................................. 6.10, 6.280 Davidson, Re [1909] 1 Ch 567 ................................................................................................ 29.185 Davidson v Chirnside (1908) 7 CLR 324 .................................................................................. 25.105 Davidson v Davidson (1991) FLC ¶92–​197 ............................................................................. 20.135 Davidson v O'Halloran [1913] VLR 367 ..................................................................................... 2.140 Davies v AIB Group (UK) plc [2012] 2 P & CR 19 ............................................................. 7.95, 7.115 Davies v Davies (1887) 36 Ch D 359 .......................................................................................... 3.40 Davies v Messner (1975) 12 SASR 333 .................................................................................... 26.125 Davies v National Trustees Executors & Agency Co of Australasia Ltd [1912] VLR 397 ............. 22.225 Davies v Perpetual Trustee Co Ltd [1959] AC 439 ...................................................... 29.155, 29.195 Davies v Thomas [1900] 2 Ch 462 .............................................................................................. 1.95 Davis (deceased), Re [1953] VLR 639 ...................................................................................... 22.135 Davis, Re [1902] 1 Ch 876 ...................................................................................................... 29.325 Davis v Federal Commissioner of Taxation (1989) 86 ALR 195 ................................................ 27.135 Davis v Hueber (1923) 31 CLR 583 ........................................................................................... 16.65 Davis v Richards & Wallington Industries Ltd [1991] 2 All ER 563 .................... 16.15, 28.150, 28.195 Davis v Turning Properties Pty Ltd (2005) 222 ALR 676 ................................... 31.135, 32.20, 32.40, 32.75, 32.80 Davis v Vale [1971] 2 All ER 1021 .............................................................................................. 26.80 Davisons Solicitors (a firm) v Nationwide Building Society [2013] PNLR 188 ........................... 24.205 Davron Estates Ltd v Turnshire Ltd (1982) 133 NLJ Rep 937 .................................................... 38.150 Dawson (deceased), Re [1966] 2 NSWR 211 ...................................................... 24.30, 24.35, 24.60, 24.65, 34.05, 34.60 Dawson, Re [1959] NZLR 1360 ................................................................................................. 25.45 Dawson v Dawson [1945] VLR 99 .................................................................................. 22.10, 22.65 Dawson v Paul [2014] 2 NZLR 689 ......................................................................................... 21.125 Day & Dent Constructions Pty Ltd v North Australian Properties Pty Ltd (1981) 34 ALR 595 ........................................................................................................................ 30.100 Day Ford Pty Ltd v Sciacca [1990] 2 Qd R 209 ........................................................................ 10.365 Day Neilson v Matthey (1997) 15 ACLC 168 ................................................................. 6.320, 6.325 Day v Brownrigg (1878) 10 Ch D 294 ...................................................................................... 31.05 Day v Day [2014] Ch 114 ......................................................................................................... 37.65 Day v Mead [1987] 2 NZLR 443 .................................................................................... 34.05, 34.50 DC Payments Pty Ltd v Next Payments Pty Ltd [2016] VSC 315 .................................................. 6.55 De Bruyne v De Bruyne [2010] WTLR 1525 ............................................................................. 38.230 lix

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Equity and Trusts in Australia

De Francesco v Barnum (1890) 45 Ch D 430 ............................................................................ 33.80 De Lacey v James [2003] QSC 94 ............................................................................... 38.185, 38.200 De Little v Byrne (1951) 84 CLR 532 ....................................................................................... 22.155 De Maudsley v Palumbo [1996] FSR 447 .................................................................................... 6.35 De Santis v Aravanis (2014) 227 FCR 404 ............................................................................... 23.120 De Vedas (deceased), Re [1971] SASR 169 .............................................................................. 17.175 De Visme, Re (1848) 2 De G J & S 17; 46 ER 280 .................................................................... 26.135 De Wind v Wedge [2010] WTLR 795 ......................................................................................... 7.130 Dean, Re (1889) 41 Ch D 552 ................................................................................................ 17.150 Dean v Cole (1921) 30 CLR 1 ................................................................................................... 17.15 Dean v McDowell (1878) 8 Ch D 345 ....................................................................................... 4.190 Dean-​Willcocks v Nothintoohard Pty Ltd (in liq) (2005) 53 ACSR 587 ....................................... 36.25 Deancrest Nominees Pty Ltd v Nixon (2007) 25 ACLC 1681 ................................................... 23.130 Deane v Attorney-​General [1997] 2 NZLR 180 ........................................................................ 10.195 Deangrove Pty Ltd v Commonwealth Bank of Australia (2001) 37 ACSR 465 ............................ 36.15 Dearle v Hall (1828) 3 Russ 1; 38 ER 475 .................................................................................... 3.70 Death v Railway Commissioners for NSW (1927) 27 SR (NSW) 187 .......................................... 31.60 Decor Corporation Pty Ltd v Dart Industries Inc (1991) 104 ALR 621 ...................................... 34.175 Deemcope Pty Ltd v Cantown Pty Ltd [1995] 2 VR 44 ................................................................ 8.15 Degan v Lee (1939) 39 SR (NSW) 234 ...................................................................................... 25.45 Del Casale v Artedomus (Aust) Pty Ltd (2007) 73 IPR 326 ....................................... 6.50, 6.55, 6.180 Delaforce v Simpson-​Cook (2010) 78 NSWLR 483 ..................................................... 10.240, 10.245 Delany, Re [1902] 2 Ch 642 .................................................................................................... 29.200 Delehunt v Carmody (1986) 161 CLR 464 ................................................................................ 26.70 Delgado v Walker Developments Pty Ltd (1989) NSW ConvR ¶55–​497 ..................................... 11.75 Delius (deceased), Re [1957] 1 Ch 299 ............................................................. 29.50, 29.80, 29.145 Demetrios v Gikas Dry Cleaning Industries Pty Ltd (1991) 22 NSWLR 561 ................................ 34.55 Dempsey, Re [1914] QSR 200 ................................................................................................... 17.20 Dempster v Mallina Holdings Ltd (1994) 15 ACSR 1 .................................. 4.30, 4.225, 4.265, 34.05 Dendy v Evans [1910] 1 KB 263 .............................................................................................. 11.100 Denhert, Re [1973] VR 449 ....................................................................................................... 19.95 Denley's Trust Deed, Re [1969] 1 Ch 373 ................................................................................ 17.155 Denning v Tri-​Star Customs and Forwarding Ltd [1996] 3 NZLR 630 ........................................ 37.95 Densham, Re [1975] 3 All ER 726 ............................................................................................. 26.80 Dent v Bennett (1839) 4 My & Cr 269; 41 ER 105 ...................................................................... 7.30 Depew v Wilkes (2002) 216 DLR (4th) 487 ............................................................................. 10.310 Derby & Co Ltd v Weldon (No 1) [1989] 2 WLR 276 .............................................................. 32.110 Derby & Co Ltd v Weldon (Nos 3 and 4) [1989] 2 WLR 412 ................................................... 32.110 Derby-​West Kimberley, Shire of v Yungngora Association Inc (2007) 157 LGERA 238 .............. 29.240 Dering v Earl of Winchelsea (1787) 1 Cox 318; 29 ER 1184 ............. 14.125, 14.130, 14.150, 30.175 Derry v Peek (1889) 14 App Cas 337 ............................................................................... 8.90, 35.50 Deta Nominees Pty Ltd v Viscount Plastic Products Pty Ltd [1979] VR 167 ......... 6.95, 6.215, 14.215, 34.155, P.55 Deutsch v Deutsch (2012) 6 ASTLR 386 .................................................................................... 24.15 Deutsch v Trimble [2016] VSC 263 ........................................................................................... 20.35 Deutsche Morgan Grenfell Group plc v Inland Revenue Commissioners [2007] 1 AC 558 ......... 8.105 Deutsche Schachtbau und Tiefbohrgesellschaft mbH v Ras Al Khaimah National Oil Co [1990] 1 AC 295 ............................................................................................................ 32.90 Devlin v Collins (1984) 37 SASR 98 ........................................................................................... 32.30 DFC New Zealand Ltd v Goddard [1992] 2 NZLR 445 .............................................................. 38.55 DHJPM Pty Ltd v Blackthorn Resources Ltd (2011) 83 NSWLR 728 .......................................... 10.315 Di Pietro v Official Trustee in Bankruptcy (1995) 59 FCR 470 ......................................... 18.10, 18.30 Diagnostic X-​Ray Services Pty Ltd v Jewel Food Stores Pty Ltd (2001) 4 VR 632 ...................... 33.100

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Table of Cases

Dick, Re [1953] All ER 559 ................................................................................................. 8.50, 8.55 Dickey v Driscoll (1905) 22 WN (NSW) 197 ............................................................................ 20.120 Diera Pty Ltd v Grover (1990) ASC ¶55–​974 ...................................................................... 9.35, 9.45 Dies v British and International Mining and Finance Corporation Ltd [1939] 1 KB 724 .................................................................................................................. 11.20, 11.50 Digital Equipment Corporation v Darkcrest Ltd [1984] Ch 512 ............................................... 32.140 Digital Pulse Pty Ltd v Harris (2002) 40 ACSR 487 ............................ 4.85, 6.55, 34.125, 34.130, P.50 Dillon v Macdonald (1902) 21 NZLR 45 ................................................................................... 30.50 Dillon v Parker (1818) 1 Swans 359; 36 ER 422 ...................................................................... 15.105 Dillwyn v Llewelyn (1862) 4 De GF & J 517; 45 ER 1285 .......................................................... 10.60 Dilworth v Commissioner of Stamps [1899] AC 99 ................................................................. 29.155 Dimdore v Leventhal (1936) 36 SR (NSW) 378 ....................................................................... 14.125 Dimella v Rudaks (2008) 102 SASR 582 ......................................................................... 14.05, 14.10 Dimes v Scott (1828) 4 Russ 195; 38 ER 778 ................................................................ 22.155, 24.90 Dimksal Shipping Co SA v International Transport Workers Federation [1991] 3 WLR 875 ........... 8.15 Dimond, Re Estate of (1891) 13 ALT 18 .................................................................................... 21.55 Dimond v Moore (1931) 45 CLR 159 ........................................................................................ 1.165 Dimos v Dikeakos Nominees Pty Ltd (1996) 149 ALR 113 ....................................................... 23.130 Dimos v Skaftouros (2004) 9 VR 584 ........................................................................................ 21.60 Dingle v Turner [1972] AC 601 ...................................................................................... 29.65, 29.75 Dinh v Dang [2007] QSC 3 ....................................................................................................... 12.85 Dinn v Grant (1852) 5 De G & Sm 451; 64 ER 1194 ................................................................. 1.100 Dinsdale v Arthur (2006) 12 BPR 23,509 ...................................................................... 14.170, 26.85 Diocesan Trustees of the Church of England in Western Australia v Solicitor-​General (1909) 9 CLR 757 ................................................................................................. 29.130, 29.135 Dion Investments Pty Ltd, Re [2013] NSWSC 1941 ...................................................... 25.45, 25.125 Dion Investments Pty Ltd, Re (2014) 87 NSWLR 753 ............................... 25.05, 25.30, 25.40, 25.45 Diplock, Re [1948] Ch 465 ................................................................. 24.130, 24.135, 39.10, 39.20, 39.25, 39.100, 39.105, P.85 Direct Food Supplies (Victoria) Pty Ltd v DLV Pty Ltd [1975] VR 358 ......................................... 11.90 Director of Consumer Affairs Victoria v Scully (2013) 303 ALR 168 ................................. 9.120, 9.175 Director of Consumer Affairs Victoria v Scully (No 3) [2012] VSC 444 ....................................... 9.175 Director of Public Prosecutions (Cth) v Kane (1997) 140 FLR 468 .................................. 6.235, 6.250 Director of Public Prosecutions for Northern Ireland v Lynch [1975] AC 653 ............................... 8.10 Director of Public Prosecutions (WA) v Bennett & Co (a firm) (2005) 151 A Crim R 516 ......... 31.155 Discount & Finance Ltd v Gehrig's NSW Wines Ltd (1940) 40 SR (NSW) 598 ............................ 10.10 Disher v Farnworth [1993] 3 NZLR 390 ....................................................................... 20.105, 21.55 Distinctive FX Pty Ltd v Van Der Slot [2015] VSCA 328 ............................................................. 39.80 Dive, Re [1909] 1 Ch 328 ....................................................................................................... 24.215 Dixon Projects Pty Ltd v Masterton Homes Pty Ltd (1996) 36 IPR 136 ..................................... 10.355 Dixon v Muckleston (1872) LR 8 Ch App 155 .................................................................... 2.25, 2.30 Dixon v White (unreported, SC(NSW), Holland J, 14 April 1982) ............................................ 38.130 Dixon v Wieselmann (2013) 93 ACSR 576 ................................................................................ 1.105 Dixon v Williams (1875) 13 SCR Eq 7 ..................................................................................... 23.185 DKLR Holding Co (No 2) Pty Ltd v Commissioner of Stamp Duties (NSW) [1980] 1 NSWLR 510 .............................................................................................................. 16.10, 26.45 DKLR Holding Co (No 2) Pty Ltd v Commissioner of Stamp Duties (NSW) (1982) 149 CLR 431 ............................................................................................................. 1.25, 16.05, 26.10, 26.45 Dobinson, Re [1911] VLR 300 ................................................................................................... 29.10 Dobson v Salvation Army (unreported, SC(Tas), Neasey J, 31 March 1983), 23.170 Dobson's Settlement, Re [1946] VLR 83 .................................................................................. 16.175 Docker v Somes (1834) 2 My & K 655; 39 ER 1095 .......................................... 24.80, 34.140, 39.75

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Equity and Trusts in Australia

Dodds v Tuke (1884) 25 Ch D 617 ......................................................................................... 23.125 Dodson, Re [1931] SASR 387 ..................................................................................... 29.130, 29.135 Dodson v Sandhurst & Northern District Trustees Executors and Agency Co Ltd [1955] VLR 100 ................................................................................................................. 25.150 Doe d Lockwood v Clarke and Brown (1807) 8 East 185; 103 ER 313 ....................................... 11.85 Doe v Australian Broadcasting Corporation [2007] VCC 281 .......................................... 6.120, 6.365 Doering v Doering (1889) 42 Ch D 20 ................................................................................... 23.150 Doherty v Federal Commissioner of Taxation (1933) 48 CLR 1 ................................................ 27.135 Doiron v Caisse Populaire D'Inkerman Ltée (1985) 17 DLR (4th) 660 ........................................ 34.50 Dolan v Macdermot (1868) 3 Ch App 676 ............................................................................... 29.45 Dollars & Sense Finance Ltd v Nathan [2008] 2 NZLR 557 ........................................................ 7.165 Dolphin v Aylward (1870) LR 4 HL 486 ...................................................................... 14.215, 14.245 Domazet v Jure Investments Pty Ltd [2016] ACTSC 33 ............................................................ 37.115 Don King Productions Inc v Warren [1998] 2 All ER 608 ......................................................... 25.135 Don King Productions Inc v Warren [1999] 3 WLR 276 ................................................ 4.205, 25.135 Don Lodge Motel Ltd v Invercargill Licensing Trust [1970] NZLR 1105 ..................................... 35.40 Donaldson v Freeson (1934) 51 CLR 598 .................................................................................. 19.55 Doneley v Doneley [1998] 1 Qd R 602 ................................................................................... 38.125 Donis v Donis (2007) 19 VR 577 ............................................................................... 10.240, 10.250, 10.255, 38.195 Donis v Donis [2007] HCATrans 609 ....................................................................................... 10.250 Donnelly v Amalgamated Television Services Pty Ltd (1998) 45 NSWLR 570 ................. 6.195, 31.50, 31.135 Doohan v Nelson [1973] 2 NSWLR 320 .................................................................................. 26.125 Door of Hope, Re (1905) 26 NZLR 96 ..................................................................................... 29.370 Dopf v Royal Bank of Canada (1998) 156 DLR (4th) 56 ............................................................ 4.295 Dormeuil Fréres SA v Nicolian Ltd [1988] 1 WLR 1362 ............................................................ 32.185 Dorney v Federal Commissioner of Taxation [1980] 1 NSWLR 404 ................................. 37.10, 37.25 Dorotea Pty Ltd v Christos Doufas Nominees Ltd [1986] 2 Qd R 91 ........................................ 35.105 Double Bay Newspapers Pty Ltd v A W Holdings Pty Ltd (1996) 42 NSWLR 409 ................................................................................................... 1.65, 2.35, 2.40, 2.105, 2.110, 2.115 Doubtless Bay Water Supply Company Ltd v Robinson [1999] ANZ Conv R 272 ....................................................................................................... 2.60, 2.105, 2.110, 37.75 Doueihi v Construction Technologies Australia Pty Ltd (2016) 92 NSWLR 247 ........................ 10.320 Dougan v Ley (1946) 71 CLR 142 ..................................................................... 33.20, 33.45, 33.110 Dougan v Macpherson [1902] AC 197 ................................................................................... 22.115 Douglas-​Menzies v Umphelby [1908] AC 224 ......................................................................... 15.100 Douglas, Re (1885) 28 Ch D 327 .............................................................................................. 16.05 Douglas, Re (1887) 35 Ch D 472 ............................................................................................ 29.220 Douglas, Re (1928) 29 SR (NSW) 48 ....................................................................................... 22.100 Douglas v Hello! Ltd [2001] 2 WLR 992 ..................................................................................... P.140 Douglas v Hello! Ltd [2003] 3 All ER 996 ................................................................................. 34.125 Douglas v Hello! Ltd (No 3) [2006] QB 125 ..................................................................... 6.25, 6.110 Doulton Potteries Ltd v Bronotte [1971] 1 NSWLR 591 ........................................................... 37.145 Dover, Re (1981) 6 ACLR 307 ................................................................................................... 36.75 Dow Securities Pty Ltd v Manufacturing Investments Ltd (1981) 5 ACLR 501 .......................... 30.175 Dowdle v Pay Now For Business Pty Ltd [2012] QSC 272 ......................................................... 7.255 Dowling, Re [1961] VLR 615 ..................................................................................................... 22.80 Downderry Construction Ltd v Secretary of State for Transport, Local Government, and the Regions (2002) 152 NLJ Rep 108 .......................................................................... 10.165 Downer Enterprises Ltd, Re [1974] 2 All ER 1074 ........................................................... 14.80, 14.85 Downes v Bullock (1858) 25 Beav 54; 53 ER 556 .................................................................... 22.225 Downing v Federal Commissioner of Taxation (1971) 125 CLR 185 ........................... 29.120, 29.245 lxii

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Table of Cases

Downshire's Settled Estates, Re [1953] Ch 218 ......................................................................... 25.35 Downsview Ltd v First City Corporation Ltd [1993] AC 295 ................................ 36.25, 36.50, 36.55 Downtown King West Development Corp v Massey Ferguson Industries Ltd (1996) 133 DLR (4th) 550 ............................................................................................................. 37.125 Dowse v Gorton [1891] AC 190 .............................................................................................. 23.125 Dowsett v Reid (1912) 15 CLR 695 ......................................................................................... 33.130 Dowson & Mason Ltd v Potter [1986] 2 All ER 418 ................................................................... 6.345 Doyle v Doyle [2001] BCL 578 .................................................................................................. 21.80 Doyley v Attorney-​General (1735) 2 Eq Ca Abr 195 ........................................................ 17.85, P.110 DPC Estates Pty Ltd v Grey [1974] 1 NSWLR 443 ....................................................... 38.100, 38.105 Drake Personnel Ltd v Beddison [1979] VR 13 .................................................................... 6.30, 6.55 Drakeford v Bromhead [2003] NSWSC 296 ............................................................................ 27.105 Draper v Official Trustee in Bankruptcy (2006) 156 FCR 53 ..................................................... 26.160 Dreger, Re (1994) 97 Man R (2d) 39 ...................................................................................... 26.145 Dreiberg v Bettles [2007] NSWSC 1204 .................................................................................. 21.125 Drexel Burnham Lambert UK Pension Plan, Re [1995] 1 WLR 32, 28.210 Driffill, Re [1950] Ch 92 .......................................................................................................... 29.245 Driscoll (deceased), Re [1918] 1 IR 152 ..................................................................................... 14.45 Driscoll v Church Commissioners for England [1957] 1 QB 330 .............................................. 11.100 Driver v Broad [1893] 1 QB 744 ................................................................................................. 1.80 Drozd v Vaskas [1960] SASR 88 ................................................................................................. 35.95 Drummond's Trusts, Re (1907) 4 Tas LR 9 ............................................................................... 29.180 Dubai Aluminium Co Ltd v Salaam [2003] 2 AC 366 ......................................... 24.195, 38.60, 38.70 Dubai Islamic Bank PJSC v PSI Energy Holding Co BSC [2011] EWCA Civ 761 ........................... 32.65 Duchess of Argyll v Duke of Argyll [1967] 1 Ch 302 .................................................................... 6.95 Duckwari plc (No 2), Re [1999] Ch 268 .................................................................................... 24.65 Duckworth v Water Corporation (No 2) [2015] WASC 411 ....................................................... 27.25 Dudgeon, Re (1896) 74 LT 613 ................................................................................. 29.120, 29.125 Duffy v Super Centre Development Corporation Ltd [1967] 1 NSWR 382 .................... 36.85, 36.100 Duggan v Governor of Full Sutton Prison [2004] 1 WLR 1010 ........................................ 16.45, 26.05 Duggan v White [2018] NSWSC 364 ........................................................................................ 18.45 Duke Group Ltd (in liq) v Pilmer (1998) 27 ACSR 1 ................................................................. 14.165 Duke Group Ltd (in liq) v Pilmer (1999) 73 SASR 64 ............................................................... 24.175 Duke of Norfolk's Settlement Trusts, Re [1982] Ch 61 ............................................................... 22.90 Dulhunty v Dulhunty [2010] NSWSC 1465 ............................................................................... 22.65 Dullow v Dullow (1985) 3 NSWLR 531 ......................................................... 26.115, 26.135, 26.160 Dumbel, Re (1802) 6 Ves 617; 31 ER 1223 ............................................................................... 22.15 Dummer v Pitcher (1833) 2 My & K 262; 39 ER 944 .............................................................. 15.105 Dunbar Bank plc v Nadeem [1998] 3 All ER 876 ............................................ 7.05, 7.10, 7.80, 7.280 Dunbar Sloane Ltd v Gall [1996] 3 NZLR 252 ................................................................ 32.30, 32.65 Duncan, Fox & Co and Robinson & Co v North and South Wales Bank (1880) 6 App Cas 1 ................................................................................................. 14.70, 14.80, 14.125 Duncan v Cathels (1956) 98 CLR 625 ....................................................................................... 26.20 Duncan v Equity Trustees Executors and Agency Co Ltd (1958) 99 CLR 513 ............................. 26.20 Duncan v McDonald [1997] 3 NZLR 669 .................................................................................. 19.40 Duncuft v Albrecht (1841) 12 Sim 189; 59 ER 1104 ................................................................. 33.60 Dundee General Hospitals Board of Management v Walker [1952] 1 All ER 896 ........................ 20.45 Dundee Magistrates v Dundee Presbytery (1861) 4 Macq 228 ................................................ 29.180 Dunford & Elliott Ltd v Johnstone & Firth Brown Ltd [1975] FSR 143 ........................................ 6.235 Dunlop Pneumatic Tyre Co Ltd v New Garage and Motor Co Ltd [1915] AC 79 at 87 .............. 13.20 Dunlop, Re (1925) 26 SR (NSW) 126 ...................................................................................... 20.120 Dunlop, Re [1984] NI 408 ...................................................................................................... 29.125 Dunn, Re Estate of [1963] VR 165 ........................................................................................... 16.205 Dunn v Flood (1885) 28 Ch D 586 ........................................................................................... 24.05 Dunne v Byrne (1912) 16 CLR 500 ......................................................................................... 29.185 lxiii

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Equity and Trusts in Australia

Durham Bros v Robertson [1898] 1 QB 765 ............................................................ 3.35, 3.50, 3.120 Duthie v Nixon (2015) 47 VR 355 ........................................................................................... 31.175 Dwight v Federal Commissioner of Taxation (1992) 107 ALR 407 .............................. 27.150, 27.155 Dwyer v Ross (1992) 34 FCR 463 ........................................................................ 8.50, 27.60, 27.110 Dykes v Archer (1906) 2 Tas LR 1 .............................................................................................. 23.95

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E E I du Pont de Nemours & Co Inc v Christopher (1970) 431 F 2d 1012 .................................... 6.270 E Johnson & Co (Barbados) Ltd v NSR Ltd [1996] 3 WLR 583 ................................................. 33.110 E M Bowden's Patents Syndicate Ltd v Herbert Smith & Co [1904] 2 Ch 86 .............................. 3.125 E Pfeiffer Weinkellerei-​Weineinkauf GmbH & Co v Arbuthnot Factors Ltd [1988] 1 WLR 150 ............................................................................................................................. 3.70 Eads v Williams (1854) 4 De GM & G 674; 43 ER 671 ............................................................. 33.175 Eagle Star Nominees v Merril [1982] VR 557 ........................................................................... 30.115 Earl of Aylesford v Morris (1873) LR 8 Ch App 484 ...................................................................... 9.05 Earl of Chesterfield v Janssen (1751) 2 Ves Sen 125; 28 ER 82 ..................................................... 9.05 Earl of Oxford's Case (1615) 1 Ch Rep 1; 21 ER 485 ............................................................P.15, P.25 Earl of Radnor's Will Trusts, Re (1890) 45 Ch D 402 ................................................................ 23.170 Earl of Stafford, Re [1980] Ch 28 .............................................................................................. 25.45 Earl of Winchelsea v Norcliffe (1686) 1 Vern 435; 23 ER 569 ..................................................... 25.25 Earl v Hector Whaling Ltd [1961] 1 Lloyd's Rep 459 .................................................................. 37.95 Earthquake Commission v Insurance Council of New Zealand Inc [2015] 2 NZLR 381 .............. 37.30 Earthquake Commission v Krieger [2014] 2 NZLR 547 .............................................................. 6.155 East, Re (1873) 8 Ch App 735 ................................................................................................... 21.60 Eastern Nitrogen Ltd v Federal Commissioner of Taxation (2001) 108 FCR 27 ........................ 19.150 Eastern Services Ltd v No 68 Ltd [2006] 3 NZLR 335 .............................. 30.10, 30.15, 30.20, 30.40, 30.50, 30.80, 33.175 Eastes, Re [1948] Ch 257 ........................................................................................................ 29.185 Eastwood v Lever (1863) 4 De GJ & S 114; 46 ER 859 .............................................................. 34.75 Eaton v LDC Finance Ltd [2013] NZHC 1242 ............................................................................ 25.45 Ebbett (deceased), Re [1974] 1 NZLR 392 ..................................................................... 25.25, 25.45 Ebner, Re (2003) 196 ALR 533 ................................................................................................ 26.125 Eckford v Eckford (1924) 25 SR (NSW) 78 ............................................................................... 15.115 Ecrosteel Pty Ltd v Perfor Printing Pty Ltd (1996) 37 IPR 22 ............................................. 6.55, 6.235 Ede v Ede [2007] 2 Qd R 323 .................................................................................................. 24.205 Edelsten v John Fairfax & Sons Ltd [1978] 1 NSWLR 685 ........................................................ 31.175 Eden Refuge v Hohepa [2011] 3 NZLR 273 .................................................................. 24.70, 34.125 Edenwest Ltd v CMS Cameron McKenna (a firm) [2013] BCC 152 ........................................... 36.25 Edge v Pensions Ombudsman [1998] Ch 512 .................................................. 22.125, 23.30, 23.35, 28.210, 28.220 Edge v Pensions Ombudsman [2000] Ch 602 .................................................. 22.125, 23.30, 23.35, 28.210, 28.220 Edington v Board of Trustees of the State Public Sector Superannuation Scheme [2015] QSC 245 .................................................................................................................. 23.75 Edlington Properties Ltd v J H Fenner & Co Ltd [2006] 1 WLR 1583 ........................................ 30.130 Edmonds v Donovan (2005) 12 VR 513 ................................................................. 4.45, 4.90, 30.10, 34.140, 38.250 Edmunds v Pickering (1999) 75 SASR 407 ........................................... 19.20, 19.40, 22.115, 24.170 Edmunds v Pickering (No 4) (2000) 77 SASR 381 .................................. 24.60, 24.70, 34.145, 38.10 Education, Director-​General of v Public Service Association of NSW (1984) 79 FLR 15 ............................................................................................................................ 6.230 Educational Resources Pty Ltd (in liq) v Poteri (1996) 20 ACSR 628 ........................................... 27.95 Edward Young & Co Ltd v Holt (1948) 65 RPC 25 .................................................................. 34.155

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Table of Cases

Edwards & Co v Picard [1909] 2 KB 903 ................................................................................. 36.130 Edwards (deceased), Re [1958] Ch 168 ....................................................................... 15.55, 15.105 Edwards, Re Will of (1926) 22 Tas LR 1 ..................................................................................... 23.85 Edwards v Attorney-​General (2004) 60 NSWLR 667 ..................................................... 24.200, 27.40 Egerton v Jones [1939] 2 KB 702 .............................................................................................. 11.95 Egg v Devey (1847) 10 Beav 444; 50 ER 653 .......................................................................... 24.170 Egmont v Smith (1877) 6 Ch D 469 ....................................................................................... 38.150 Ehrenfeld v Crosscity Enterprises Pty Ltd (2008) ANZ ConvR ¶8–​01 ........................................ 38.155 869163 Ontario Ltd v Torrey Springs II Associates Limited Partnership (2005) 256 DLR (4th) 490 ...................................................................................................................... 13.55 Eiszele v Hurburgh [2011] TASSC 65 ......................................................................................... 34.40 EK Nominees Pty Ltd v Woolworths Ltd [2006] NSWSC 1172 ................................................. 10.110 El Ajou v Dollar Land Holdings plc [1993] 3 All ER 717 ............................. 26.40, 39.15, 39.25, 39.30 El Sayed v El Hawach (2015) 88 NSWLR 214 ............................................................................ 24.15 Eldamos Investments Ltd v Force Location Ltd [1996] ANZ Conv R 36 .............. 37.75, 37.95, 37.125 Elder Advocates of Alberta Society v Alberta [2011] 2 SCR 261 .......................................... 5.45, 5.50 Elderly Citizens Homes of SA Inc v Balnaves (1998) 72 SASR 210 ........................... 1.95, 1.100, 2.35, 2.40, 2.45, 2.55 Elders Pastoral Ltd v Bank of New Zealand [1989] 2 NZLR 180 ........................................ 4.60, 4.250 Elders Pastoral Ltd v Bank of New Zealand (No 2) [1990] 1 WLR 1478 ...................................... 3.150 Elders Trustee & Executor Co Ltd v Eastoe [1963] WAR 36 ............................................. 15.55, 15.80 Elders Trustee and Executor Co Ltd v E G Reeves Pty Ltd (1987) 78 ALR 193 ................................................................................................ 27.25, 37.100, 37.105 Elder's Trustee and Executor Co Ltd v Higgins (1963) 113 CLR 426 .................... 21.15, 24.30, 24.50 Elder's Trustee and Executor Co Ltd v Symon [1934] SASR 435 ............................................... 25.125 Elecnet (Aust) Pty Ltd v Commissioner of Taxation (2016) 259 CLR 73 ........................ 20.95, 20.105 Electoral Commission v Tate [1999] 3 NZLR 174 ....................................................................... 37.15 Electrical Enterprises Retail Pty Ltd v Rodgers (1988) 15 NSWLR 473 ............................. 33.50, 35.60 Electronic Industries Ltd v Harrisons & Crosfield (ANZ) Ltd [1966] 2 NSWR 336 ..................... 33.145 Elite Promotions & Management Pty Ltd v 5A Investments Pty Ltd (2011) 80 NSWLR 686 .................................................................................................................. 30.130 Elkington v Moore Business Systems Australia Ltd (1994) 13 ACSR 342 .................................. 20.100 Elkofairi v Permanent Trustee Co Ltd (2002) 11 BPR 20,841 ............................... 7.240, 7.245, 7.280, 7.290, 9.90, 9.155 Ellaway v Lawson [2006] QSC 170 ............................................................................................ 19.60 Ellenborough, Re [1903] 1 Ch 697 ........................................................................................... 3.105 Ellesmere Brewery Co v Cooper [1896] 1 QB 75 ........................................... 14.130, 14.180, 14.185 Elliot & Tuthill (Mortgages) Pty Ltd v Farrell & Anderson Pty Ltd [2002] FCA 965 ................... 14.160 Ellis, Re (2015) 14 ASTLR 475 ................................................................................................. 24.105 Ellis v Barker (1871) LR 7 Ch App 104 ......................................................................................... 7.30 Ellison v Lutre Pty Ltd (1999) 30 ACSR 615 ............................................................................... 35.95 Elliston v Reacher [1908] 2 Ch 374 ........................................................................................... 34.80 Elmore (deceased), Re [1968] VR 390 ..................................................................................... 29.160 Elovalis v Elovalis [2008] WASCA 141 ........................................................................... 21.105, 23.30 Else (1982) Ltd v Parkland Holdings Ltd [1994] 1 BCLC 130 .......................................... 11.60, 13.15 Emanuel Management Pty Ltd (in liq) v Emanuele (2002) 83 SASR 501 ......................... 1.160, 4.115 Emanuel Management Pty Ltd (in liq) v Foster's Brewing Group Ltd (2003) 178 FLR 1 ................ 8.15 Emap Elan Ltd v Pacific Publications Pty Ltd (1997) 37 IPR 1 ................................................... 31.165 Emilco Pty Ltd, Re (2002) 20 ACLC 388 ....................................................................... 3.140, 16.135 Emmet's Estate, Re (1879) 17 Ch D 142 ................................................................................... 24.60 Employers First v Tolhurst Capital Ltd (2005) 143 FCR 356 ..................................................... 28.235 Endacott (deceased), Re [1960] 1 Ch 232 ............................................................................... 17.150 Endeavour Lodge Motel Ltd v Langford and Gavin [1998] BCL 820 .......................................... 11.95 English & American Insurance Co Ltd v Herbert Smith [1988] FSR 232 ..................................... 6.240

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Equity and Trusts in Australia

English and American Insurance Company Ltd, Re [2014] WTLR 57 .......................................... 25.35 Engwirda v Engwirda (2004) DFC ¶95–​285 ............................................................................ 38.180 Enhill Pty Ltd, Re [1983] 1 VR 561 ............................................................................ 23.120, 23.125, 23.130, 27.30 Enoka v Shire of Northhampton (1996) 15 WAR 483 .............................................................. 10.395 ENT Pty Ltd v McVeigh (1996) 6 Tas R 202 ............................................................................... 36.55 Environment East Gippsland Inc v VicForests (2010) 30 VR 1 .................................................... 31.25 Environment East Gippsland Inc v VicForests (No 2) [2009] VSC 421 ...................................... 31.135 EPAS Ltd v James [2007] QSC 127 .......................................................................................... 22.195 Epic Feast Ltd v Mawson KLM Holdings Pty Ltd (in liq) (1998) 71 SASR 161 ....... 2.35, 12.25, 38.160 Epitoma Pty Ltd v Australasian Meat Industry Employees' Union (No 2) (1984) 54 ALR 730 ........................................................................................................................ 31.185 EPP Australia Pty Ltd v Levy [2001] NSWSC 482 ......................................................................... 6.80 Equitable Group Ltd v Pendal Nominees Pty Ltd (1984) 3 ACLC 546 ...................................... 21.100 Equiticorp Finance Ltd (in liq) v Bank of New Zealand (1993) 32 NSWLR 50 ........................... 38.105 Equiticorp Industries Group Ltd (in statutory management) v The Crown [1998] 2 NZLR 481 .......................................................................................................... 10.175, 38.110 Equiticorp Industries Ltd v Hawkins [1991] 3 NZLR 700 .......................................................... 38.110 Equititrust Ltd v Franks (2009) 258 ALR 388 ........................................................................... 10.105 Equity Trustees Executors and Agency Co Ltd v Fenwick [1905] VLR 154 ................... 24.200, 24.205 Equity Trustees Executors and Agency Co Ltd v NZ Loan & Mercantile Agency Co Ltd [1940] VLR 201 ................................................................................................................... 14.70 Equuscorp Pty Ltd v Jimenez (2002) 220 LSJS 252 ......................................................... 18.10, 18.30 Equuscorp Pty Ltd v Wilmoth Field Warne (a firm) (2007) 18 VR 250 ...................................... 10.375 Equuscorp Pty Ltd v Wilmoth Field Warne (a firm) (No 4) [2006] VSC 28 ................................ 10.375 Erceg v Erceg [2015] NZAR 1227 .............................................................................................. 20.55 Erceg v Erceg [2017] 1 NZLR 320 ................................................................................. 20.35, 20.40, 20.55, 20.65 Erlanger v New Sombrero Phosphate Co (1878) 3 App Cas 1218 ............................................. 35.15 Ermayne, Re (1998) 30 ACSR 330 ........................................................................................... 19.135 Ernst & Young Inc v Central Guaranty Trust Co (2004) 29 Alta LR (4th) 269 ........................... 17.160 Ernst & Young v Tynski Pty Ltd (recs and mgrs apptd) (2003) 47 ACSR 433 ............................. 36.15 Eroc Pty Ltd v Amalg Resources NL [2003] QSC 74 ......................................... 8.200, 37.120, 37.125 Erwin v Shannon's Brick, Tile and Pottery Co Ltd (1938) 38 SR (NSW) 555 ............................... 16.15 Esquire Nominees Ltd v Federal Commissioner of Taxation (1972) 129 CLR 177 ....................... 23.30 Essex v Essex (No 2) [2007] FamCA 639 ................................................................................. 20.140 Esso Australia Ltd v Australian Petroleum Agents' and Distributors' Association [1999] 3 VR 642 ...................................................................................................... 20.45, 23.30, 23.35, 23.70, 28.150 Esso Australia Resources Ltd v Plowman (1995) 183 CLR 10 ...................................................... 6.180 Esso Petroleum Co Ltd v Milton [1997] 2 All ER 593 ............................................................... 30.130 Esso Petroleum Ltd v Hall Russell & Co Ltd [1989] 1 AC 643 ..................................................... 14.40 Estate Realties Ltd v Wignall [1992] 2 NZLR 615 ....................................................................... 38.30 Estephan v Estephan (2012) 6 BFRA 567 .................................................................... 10.245, 10.270 Esther Investments Pty Ltd v Cherrywood Park Pty Ltd [1986] WAR 279 ................................. 11.105 Etchison v ANZ Executors and Trustee Company Ltd [2005] QSC 363 ....................... 10.275, 10.340 Ethel Pedley Memorial Travelling Scholarship Trust, Re (1949) 49 SR (NSW) 329 .................... 29.145 Ettershank v Zeal (1882) 8 VLR (E) 333 ............................................................................ 2.25, 2.140 Europa International Pty Ltd v Child [2016] NSWSC 923 ................................................... 6.55, 6.60 European Asian of Australia Ltd v Kurland (1985) 8 NSWLR 192 ...................................... 7.95, 7.255 European Asian of Australia Ltd v Lazich (1987) ASC ¶55–​564 ........................................... 7.75, 7.95 European Bank Ltd v Evans (2010) 240 CLR 432 ........................................................ 31.130, 31.140 European Pacific Banking Corporation v Fourth Estate Publications Ltd [1993] 1 NZLR 559 ........................................................................................................................... 6.80 Evandale Estates Pty Ltd v Keck [1963] VR 647 .......................................................................... 14.90 lxvi

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Table of Cases

Evans & Associates v Citibank Ltd [2003] NSWSC 204 ............................................................ 38.125 Evans & Associates v European Bank Ltd (2009) 255 ALR 171 ................................................. 31.130 Evans (deceased), Re [1999] 2 All ER 777 ..................................................................... 24.65, 24.200 Evans, Re [1957] QSR 345 ...................................................................................................... 29.145 Evans v Clayhope Properties Ltd [1988] 1 All ER 444 ............................................................... 36.125 Evans v Evans (1910) 10 SR (NSW) 594 .................................................................................. 24.120 Evans v McLean (No 2) (1985) 9 ACLR 796 ..................................................................... 1.95, 1.160 Evans v Rival Granite Quarries Ltd [1910] 2 KB 979 ..................................................................... 1.80 Everett, Re [1917] SALR 52 ................................................................................. 15.65, 15.75, 15.95 Everist v McEvedy [1996] 3 NZLR 348 ........................................................................... 34.40, 34.50 Evindon Pty Ltd v Ambasax Pty Ltd [1996] ANZ Conv R 398 ................................................... 20.110 Exagym Pty Ltd v Professional Gymnasium Equipment Company Pty Ltd (No 2) [1994] 2 Qd R 129 ........................................................................................................ 32.185 Exception Holdings Pty Ltd (in liq) v Albarran (2005) 223 ALR 487 ......................................... 16.205 Executor Trustee and Agency Co of South Australia Ltd v Deputy Federal Commissioner of Taxation (SA) (1940) 64 CLR 413 .............................................................. 17.15 Executor Trustee and Agency Co of South Australia Ltd v Warbey (No 2) (1973) 6 SASR 336 ................................................................................................. 29.315 Experience Hendrix LLC v PPX Enterprises Inc [2003] EMLR 515 .................................................. P.60 Expo International Pty Ltd v Chant [1979] 2 NSWLR 820 .................................... 36.45, 36.50, 36.55 Export Credits Guarantee Department v Universal Oil Products Co [1983] 1 WLR 399 .............. 13.80 ExxonMobil Superannuation Plan Pty Ltd v Esso Australia Pty Ltd (2010) 29 VR 356 ............... 28.185 Ezystay Systems Pty Ltd v Link 2 Pty Ltd [2015] NSWSC 1105 .................................................... 6.40 Ezystay Systems Pty Ltd v Link 2 Pty Ltd (No 2) [2015] NSWSC 1594 ..................................... 31.125

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F F Hoffmann-​La Roche & Co AG v Secretary of State for Trade and Industry [1975] AC 295 ........................................................................................... 31.90, 31.130, 31.140 Faccenda Chicken Ltd v Fowler [1984] ICR 589 .......................................................................... 6.55 Faccenda Chicken Ltd v Fowler [1987] Ch 117 ........................................................................... 6.55 Fada (Australia) Ltd, Re [1927] SASR 590 .................................................................................. 27.70 FAI Insurances Ltd v Pioneer Concrete Services Ltd (1987) 15 NSWLR 552 ..................... 2.30, 30.170 Fairbairn (deceased), Re [1967] VR 633 .............................................................. 20.30, 20.45, 20.55 Fairey Australasia v Commissioner of Stamp Duties (1998) 72 SASR 1 ..................................... 38.160 Falcke v Scottish Imperial Insurance Co (1886) 34 Ch D 234 .................................................... 14.20 Falconer v Australian Broadcasting Corporation [1992] 1 VR 662 .............................................. 6.145 Falconer v Falconer [1970] 1 WLR 1333 ....................................................................... 26.80, 26.160 Fales v Canada Permanent Trust Co (1976) 70 DLR (3d) 257 .................................................. 24.210 Falkingham v Harbison (1899) 21 ALT 116 ............................................................................. 21.110 Fall, Re [1944] Tas SR 41 ......................................................................................................... 29.180 Falls' Will Trusts, Re (1874) 12 SCR Eq 89 ................................................................................ 23.175 Familiar Pty Ltd v Samarkos (1994) 115 FLR 443 ................................................................ 9.05, 9.35 Family Insurance Corp v Lombard Canada Ltd [2002] 2 SCR 695 ................. 14.195, 14.200, 14.210 Farah Constructions Pty Ltd v Say-​Dee Pty Ltd (2007) 230 CLR 89 .......... 4.220, 38.30, 38.65, 38.80, 38.85, 38.100, 38.115, 38.120 Faraker, Re [1912] 2 Ch 488 ................................................................................................... 29.335 Farley v Skinner [2002] 2 AC 732 ................................................................................................. P.65 Farley v Westminster Bank Ltd [1939] AC 430 ......................................................................... 29.185 Farmers' Co-​operative Executors & Trustees Ltd v Perks (1989) 52 SASR 399 ............ 7.35, 7.45, 7.80 Farmers' Mutual Insurance Ltd v QBE Insurance International Ltd [1993] 3 NZLR 305 .............................................................................................................. 8.140, 37.90 Farmers' Produce Co of Australia Ltd (in liq), Re (1894) 20 VLR 62 ............................................ 39.20 Farnell v Cox (1898) 19 LR (NSW) Eq 142 ................................................................................ 24.65 Farrant v Blanchford (1863) 1 De GJ & S 107 ......................................................................... 24.170 lxvii Gino, Dal Pont. Equity and Trusts in Australia, Thomson Reuters (Professional) Australia Pty Limited, 2018. ProQuest Ebook Central, http://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/usyd/detail.action?docID=5602215. Created from usyd on 2019-07-06 20:27:59.

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Equity and Trusts in Australia

Farrant v Blanchford (1863) 1 De GJ & S 107; 46 ER 42 ............................................. 24.170, 30.150 Farrell v Cox (1898) 19 LR (NSW) Eq 103 ................................................................................. 22.95 Farrier-​Waimak Ltd v Bank of New Zealand [1965] NZLR 426 ................................................... 1.110 Farrington v Rowe McBride & Partners [1985] 1 NZLR 83 ......................................................... 34.40 Farrow Finance Co Ltd (in liq) v Farrow Properties Pty Ltd (in liq) (1997) 26 ACSR 544 ............. 38.75 Farrow Mortgage Services Pty Ltd (in liq) v Edgar (1993) 114 ALR 1 ........................................... 8.95 Farrow Mortgage Services Pty Ltd (in liq) v Peto [1997] ANZ Conv R 226 ...................... 7.165, 9.105 Farrow Mortgage Services Pty Ltd v Hogg (1995) 64 SASR 450 ................................................ 10.45 Fast v Rockman [2015] VSCA 61 ............................................................................................... 22.30 Faucher v Tucker (1994) 109 DLR (4th) 699 ............................................................................. 19.75 Faulkner, Re [1999] 2 Qd R 49 .................................................................................................. 23.75 Faulks v Chief Commissioner of State Revenue [2010] NSWADT 205 ........................................ 26.10 Fauntleroy, Re (1839) 10 Sim 252; 59 ER 610 ........................................................................... 21.70 Faye v Faye [1973] WAR 66 ........................................................................................... 25.35, 25.60 Fazari v Cosentino [2008] WASC 149 ...................................................................................... 38.145 Fazari v Cosentino [2010] WASC 40 ........................................................................................ 38.140 F&C Alternative Investments (Holdings) Ltd v Barthelemy (No 2) [2012] Ch 613 ........................ 4.30 Fearns v Anglo-​Dutch Paint & Chemical Company Ltd [2011] 1 WLR 366 ................................ 30.95 Federal Airports Corporation v Makucha Developments Pty Ltd (1993) 115 ALR 679 ................ 11.05 Federal Commerce & Navigation Co Ltd v Molena Alpha Inc [1978] QB 927 .......................... 30.105 Federal Republic of Brazil v Durant International Corpn [2016] AC 297 ......................... 39.20, 39.65 Feiglin v Ainsworth [2011] VSC 454 ........................................................................................ 34.150 Felt and Textiles of New Zealand Ltd v R Hubric Ltd (in rec) [1968] NZLR 716 ........................ 30.105 Fender v St John-​Mildmay [1938] AC 1 ..................................................................................... 19.10 Fenton v Kenny [1969] NZLR 552 .......................................................... 35.75, 35.85, 35.90, 35.100 Ferdinando, Re (1993) 42 FCR 243 ......................................................................................... 10.220 Ferguson v Wilson (1866) LR 2 Ch App 77 .............................................................................. 33.125 Ferrari Investment (Townsville) Pty Ltd (in liq) v Ferrari [2000] 2 Qd R 359 ............................... 34.55 Ferrett's Trusts, Re (1894) 6 QLJ 183 ......................................................................................... 21.80 Fexuto Pty Ltd v Bosnjak Holdings Pty Ltd (1998) 28 ACSR 688 ................... 4.35, 4.90, 4.115, 38.30 Fexuto Pty Ltd v Bosnjak Holdings Pty Ltd (2001) 37 ACSR 672 .............................. 4.35, 4.90, 4.115 FHR European Ventures LLP v Cedar Capital Partners LLC [2015] AC 250 ............. 38.40, 38.45, P.105 FHR European Ventures LLP v Mankarious [2014] Ch 1 ............................................................. 38.40 Field v Battye [1939] SASR 235 ................................................................................................... 3.40 Field v Field [1894] 1 Ch 425 .................................................................................................... 22.10 Films Rover International Ltd v Cannon Film Sales Ltd [1986] 3 All ER 772 .................... 31.50, 31.60, 31.90, 31.145 Filshie, Re [1939] NZLR 91 ...................................................................................................... 17.150 Financial Integrity Group Pty Ltd v Farmer (No 2) [2013] ACTSC 166 ........................ 31.130, 31.135 Financial Services Authority v Sinaloa Gold plc [2013] 2 AC 28 .................................. 31.130, 31.135 Finch v Telstra Super Pty Ltd [2008] VSC 481 .......................................................................... 28.165 Finch v Telstra Super Pty Ltd (2010) 242 CLR 254 .............................. 23.30, 28.130, 28.145, 28.165 Finch v Telstra Super Pty Ltd (No 2) [2008] VSC 527 .............................................................. 28.165 Findlay's Estate, Re (1995) 5 Tas R 333 .................................................................................... 29.340 Finn v Carelli [2007] NSWSC 261 .................................................................................. 32.50, 32.60 Fiona Trust & Holding Corporation v Privalov (No 2) [2017] 2 All ER 570 ............................... 31.140 Fiona Trust and Holding Corporation v Privalov [2010] EWHC 3199 ......................................... 38.70 Fiorelli Properties Pty Ltd v Professional Fencemakers Pty Ltd (2011) 34 VR 257 ........................ 11.50 Fire Nymph Products Pty Ltd v Heating Centre Pty Ltd (in liq) (1992) 7 ACSR 365 ...................... 1.80 First City Capital Ltd v British Columbia Building Corp (1989) 43 BLR 29 ......................... 8.05, 8.200 First East Auction Holdings Pty Ltd v Ange [2010] VSC 72 ......................................................... 13.80 First National Bank of Boston v Proctor (1930) 40 F 2d 841 .................................................... 14.225 First National Bank v Thompson [1996] Ch 231 ...................................................................... 10.100 First National Reinsurance Co Ltd v Greenfield [1921] 2 KB 260 ............................................. 35.110

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Table of Cases

First Netcom Pty Ltd v Telstra Corporation Ltd (2000) 101 FCR 77 ............................ 31.135, 32.135 Firstpost Homes Ltd v Johnson [1995] 1 WLR 1567 ................................................................... 12.20 Fischer v Nemeske Pty Ltd (2016) 257 CLR 615 ........................................................................ 20.20 Fisher v Brooker [2009] 1 WLR 1764 .............................................................................. 30.10, 30.20 Fisher v Mansfield [1997] 2 NZLR 230 ...................................................................................... 39.05 Fistar v Riverwood Legion and Community Club Ltd (2016) 91 NSWLR 732 ............... 26.40, 38.100, 39.15, 39.30 Fitzgerald v Masters (1956) 95 CLR 420 ......................................................................... 30.50, 37.70 Fitzwood Pty Ltd v Unique Goal Pty Ltd (in liq) (2001) 188 ALR 566 .................................................................................. 4.20, 10.220, 10.235, 20.105, 21.55, 22.40, 23.135, 23.150 Flanagan v Pioneer Permanent Building Society Ltd [2002] QSC 346 ........................................ 4.155 Flat Rock Forests Trust, Re [2000] 3 NZLR 207 ........................................................................ 20.100 Flatman, Re [1953] VLR 33 ................................................................ 29.45, 29.170, 29.190, 29.380 Flavelle, Re [1969] 1 NSWR 361 .............................................................................................. 24.180 Fleetwood, Re (1880) 15 Ch D 594 .......................................................................................... 18.65 Fleming v Beevers [1994] 1 NZLR 385 ...................................................................................... 12.30 Fleming v State of New South Wales (unreported, SC(NSW), Young J, 10 November 1997) .......................................................................................................... 10.165 Fletcher, Re [1947] QWN 11 ................................................................................................... 23.175 Fletcher, Re [2012] FCA 803 ..................................................................................................... 21.45 Fletcher v Bealey (1885) 28 Ch D 688 .................................................................................... 31.190 Fletcher v Burns (1997) 12 BPR 22,937 ..................................................................................... 12.25 Fletcher v Eden Refuge Trust [2012] 2 NZLR 227 ...................................................................... 38.90 Fletcher v Fletcher (1844) 4 Hare 67; 67 ER 564 ..................................................................... 18.120 Fletcher v Minister for Environment & Heritage (1999) 73 SASR 474 ...................................... 10.340 Flight v Booth (1834) 1 Bing (NC) 370; 131 ER 1160 ............................................................... 33.25 Flightline Ltd v Edwards [2003] 1 WLR 1200 ............................................................................... 3.50 Flinn v Flinn [1999] 3 VR 712 .......................................................................... 10.70, 10.110, 10.270 Flint v Howard [1893] 2 Ch 54 .................................................................................. 14.225, 14.245 Flocas v Carlson (2015) 15 ASTLR 192 ....................................................................... 38.135, 38.140 Flocast Australia Pty Ltd v Purcell (No 3) (2000) 176 ALR 354 .................................... 32.160, 32.170 Florgale Uniforms Pty Ltd v Orders (2004) 187 FLR 142 ............................................................ 36.60 Floriston Nominees Pty Ltd v Kingsley Brown Finance Pty Ltd [2005] VSC 467 ........................ 20.110 Flower & Hart (a firm) v White Industries (Qld) Pty Ltd (2001) 109 FCR 280 .............................. P.180 Foley v Hill (1848) 2 HL Cas 28 ............................................................................................... 38.125 Fonu v Merrill Lynch Bank and Trust Company (Cayman) Ltd [2012] 1 WLR 1721 .......................................................................................................... 16.175, 36.135 Foodco Group Pty Ltd v Northgan Pty Ltd (1998) 41 IPR 138 ................................................... 10.15 Foran v Wight (1989) 168 CLR 385 ............................................................... 10.80, 10.140, 10.145, 10.295, 30.165 Forbes v Australian Yachting Federation Inc (1996) 131 FLR 241 ............................................. 10.105 Force India Formula One Team Ltd v 1 Malaysia Racing Team Sdn Bhd [2012] RPC 29 ..................................................................................................................... 6.215, 6.240 Forder v Cemcorp Pty Ltd (2001) 51 NSWLR 486 ................................................................... 38.155 Foreman v Hazard [1984] 1 NZLR 586 ...................................................................................... 27.65 Foreman v Kingstone [2004] 1 NZLR 841 ..................................................................... 20.40, 20.45, 20.55, 20.65 Forest of Dean Coal Mining Company, Re (1878) 10 Ch D 450 ................................................ 24.10 Forestry Commission of New South Wales v Stefanetto (1976) 133 CLR 507 ............................ 13.55 Forestview Nominees Pty Ltd v Perpetual Trustees WA Ltd (1998) 193 CLR 154 ........................ 37.30 Forgeard v Shanahan (1994) 35 NSWLR 206 .......................................................................... 14.170 Forkserve Pty Ltd v Jack and Aussie Forklift Repairs Pty Ltd (2001) 19 ACLC 299 ................ 6.40, 6.55 Forkserve Pty Ltd v Pacchiarotta (2000) 50 IPR 74 ....................................................................... 6.60

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Equity and Trusts in Australia

Formosa v Secretary, Department of Social Security (1988) 46 FCR 117 ..................... 10.375, 10.395 Forrest v Attorney-​General [1986] VR 190 ............................................................................... 29.360 Forster v Abraham (1874) LR 17 Eq 351 ................................................................................... 21.05 Forster v Jododex Australia Pty Ltd (1972) 127 CLR 421 ..................................... 37.05, 37.15, 37.25 Forster v Williams Deacon's Bank Ltd [1935] Ch 359 ................................................................. 21.40 Forsyth v Blundell (1973) 129 CLR 477 ..................................................................................... 36.50 Forsyth v Gibbs [2009] 1 Qd R 403 ......................................................................................... 30.115 Fortex Group Ltd (in rec and liq) v MacIntosh [1998] 3 NZLR 171 .................. 17.60, 38.165, 38.265 Fortuity Pty Ltd v Barcza (1995) 32 IPR 517 ........................................... 4.290, 34.170, 38.10, 38.30 Foskett v McKeown [1998] Ch 265 ........................................................................................... 39.75 Foskett v McKeown [2001] 1 AC 102 ................................................................. 39.20, 39.25, 39.45, 39.50, 39.75, 39.80 Foster Bryant Surveying Ltd v Bryant [2007] 2 BCLC 239 ...................................... 4.95, 4.120, 4.125 Foster Clark Ltd's Indenture Trusts [1966] 1 WLR 125 ............................................................... 36.35 Foster, Re (1877) 6 Ch D 87 ................................................................................................... 18.115 Foster v Mountford and Rigby Ltd (1976) 14 ALR 71 ................................. 6.10, 6.140, 6.240, 6.320 Fouche v Superannuation Fund Board (1952) 88 CLR 609 ...................................................... 24.215 Foundation for Anti-​Aging Research, Re (2016) 4 NZTR ¶26-​027 ............................................ 29.150 Fourie v Le Roux [2007] 1 WLR 320 .......................................................................................... 32.40 Foveaux, Re [1895] 2 Ch 501 ................................................................................................... 29.45 Fowkes v Pascoe (1875) LR 10 Ch App 343 .............................................................................. 26.55 Fowler v Barron [2008] 2 FCR 1 .............................................................................................. 38.240 Fowler v Fowler (1735) 3 P Wms 353 ....................................................................................... 15.10 Fox Entertainment Precinct Pty Ltd v Centennial Park & Moore Park Trust (2004) 11 BPR 21,629 ...................................................................................................... 37.105, 37.125 Fox v Fox (1870) LR 11 Eq 142 ............................................................................................... 24.115 Foxhall, Re (1847) 2 Ph 281; 41 ER 951 .................................................................................... 21.70 Fractionated Cane Technology Ltd v Ruiz-​Avila [1988] 1 Qd R 51 ........................... 6.10, 6.35, 6.175 Fragomeni v Fogliani (1968) 42 ALJR 263 .................................................................... 8.200, 33.170 Frame, Re [1939] Ch 700 ........................................................................................................ 16.170 Frame v Smith (1987) 42 DLR (4th) 81 ....................................................................................... 4.65 Franchi v Franchi [1967] RPC 149 ............................................................................................... 6.85 Francis v Francis [1952] VLR 321 ........................................................................ 12.15, 12.25, 12.45, 12.60, 12.70, 12.85 Francis v Municipal Councillors of Kuala Lumpur [1962] 1 WLR 1411 ....................................... 33.80 Francis v South Sydney District Rugby League Football Club Ltd [2002] FCA 1306 ......................................................................................................... 4.30, 4.60, 4.295, 10.175, 10.225 Francome v Mirror Newspapers Ltd [1984] 2 All ER 408 ........................................................... 6.310 Franklin v Giddins [1978] Qd R 72 ................................................................................. 6.265, 6.275 Franklins Pty Ltd v Metcash Trading Ltd (2009) 76 NSWLR 603 ......................... 37.65, 37.70, 37.75, 37.90, 37.105 Franknelly Nominees Pty Ltd v Abrugiato (2013) 10 ASTLR 558 ................................... 23.155, 27.55 Franks v Equitiloan Securities Pty Ltd [2007] NSWSC 812 ........................................................... 3.35 Fraser Edmiston Pty Ltd v AGT (Qld) Pty Ltd [1988] 2 Qd R 1 ........................................ 4.200, 34.55 Fraser, Re [1941] QWN 18 ...................................................................................................... 21.145 Fraser River Pile & Dredge Ltd v Can-​Dive Services Ltd (1999) 176 DLR .................................... 14.60 Fraser v Evans [1969] 1 QB 349 ...................................................................................... 6.10, 6.205, 6.240, 31.175 Frederick E Rose (London) Ltd v William H Pim Jnr & Co Ltd [1953] 2 QB 450 ........... 37.100, 37.115 Frederick v State of South Australia (2006) 94 SASR 545 ........................................... 7.45, 7.55, 9.55 Free Serbian Orthodox Church Diocese for Australia and New Zealand Property Trust v Dobrijevic (2017) 94 NSWLR 340 ................................................................................... 29.365 Freedom Motors Australia Pty Ltd v Vaupotic [2003] NSWSC 506 ............................................... 6.55

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Table of Cases

Freedom v AHR Constructions Pty Ltd [1987] 1 Qd R 59 ................................................ 11.80, 12.15 Freehouse Pty Ltd, Re (1997) 26 ACSR 662 .................................................................. 37.65, 37.125 Freelance Global Ltd (in liq) v Bensted [2016] VSC 181 ............................................................ 1.105 Freeland, Re [1952] Ch 110 .................................................................................................... 18.130 Freeman v Attorney-​General (NSW) [1973] 1 NSWLR 729 ........................................... 25.55, 29.150 Freeman v Perlman (1999) 169 DLR (4th) 133 .......................................................................... 4.300 Freeston's Charity, Re [1978] 1 WLR 741 ................................................................................. 24.160 Freifeld v West Kensington Court Ltd [2016] 1 P & CR 5 ......................................................... 11.105 French Caledonia Travel Service Pty Ltd (in liq), Re (2003) 59 NSWLR 361 ......... 17.15, 39.55, 39.65, 39.75, 39.90, 39.105, 39.115 Frevcourt Pty Ltd v Wingecarribee Shire Council (2005) 139 LGERA 140 ................................... 16.45 Fried v National Australia Bank Ltd (2001) 111 FCR 322 ................................................ 24.15, 24.20 Friend v Brien [2014] NSWSC 613 .......................................................................................... 16.165 Friend v Brooker (2009) 239 CLR 129 ............................................................. 4.265, 14.125, 14.130 Friends of Elliston –​Environment and Conservation Inc v State of South Australia (2007) 96 SASR 246 ............................................................................................................ 37.45 Friend's Trust, Re (1904) 21 WN (NSW) 166 ............................................................................. 21.80 Frigo v Culhaci (unreported, CA(NSW), 17 July 1998) ......................................... 32.20, 32.75, 32.80 Frontier Touring Co Pty Ltd v Rodgers (2005) 223 ALR 433 ......................................... 27.105, 39.20 Fry v Densham-​Smith [2011] WTLR 387 ................................................................................. 38.135 Fry v Lane (1888) 40 Ch D 312 .................................................................................................. 9.05 Fry v Tapson (1884) 28 Ch D 268 ............................................................................................. 22.55 FTFS Holdings Pty Ltd v Business Acquisitions Australia Pty Ltd (2006) 12 BPR 23,517 ..................................................................................................................... 1.130 FTV Holdings Cairns Pty Ltd v Smith [2014] QCA 217 ........................................... 3.50, 3.105, 3.150 Fubilan Catering Services Ltd v Compass Group (Australia) Pty Ltd [2008] FCAFC 53 ................ 4.265 Fuller v Happy Shopper Markets Ltd [2001] 1 WLR 1681 ............................................ 30.95, 30.105, 30.110, 30.120 Fung Ping Shan v Tong Shun [1918] AC 403 .............................................................................. 2.60 Furness, Re [1901] 2 Ch 346 ............................................................................... 15.65, 15.70, 15.95 Furness v Adrium Industries Pty Ltd [1996] 1 VR 668 .............................................................. 10.155 Furphy v Nixon (1925) 37 CLR 161 ............................................................................................ 8.10 Furs Ltd v Tomkies (1936) 54 CLR 583 ............................................................................. 4.85, 4.115 Fysh v Coote [2000] VSCA 150 .................................................................................... 21.60, 21.120 Fysh v Page (1956) 96 CLR 233 ................................................................................... 22.105, 30.10

G G & M Aldridge Pty Ltd v Walsh (1999) 33 ACSR 546 ........................................... 1.80, 3.50, 16.110 G & M Aldridge Pty Ltd v Walsh (2001) 203 CLR 662 ........................................................ 1.80, 3.50 G B Nathan & Co Pty Ltd, Re (1991) 24 NSWLR 674 ................................................................ 27.35 G E Capital Asset Services & Trading Asia Pacific Pty Ltd v Rocks Excavations & Plant Hire Pty Ltd (2003) 11 BPR 21,253 .............................................................................P.175, P.190 G E Capital Australia v Davis (2002) 180 FLR 250 ...................................................................... 36.60 G E Crane Pty Ltd v Federal Commissioner of Taxation (1971) 126 CLR 177 ............................... 3.50 G (ED) v Hammer [2003] 2 SCR 459 ......................................................................................... 4.310 G M & A M Pearce & Co Pty Ltd v Australian Tallow Producers [2005] VSCA 113 ..................... 4.215 G R Mailman and Associates Pty Ltd v Wormald (Aust) Pty Ltd (1991) 24 NSWLR 80 ................... P.45 G v Day [1982] 1 NSWLR 24 ................................................................................. 6.10, 6.80, 6.145, 6.240, 6.250 Gabriel v Lobban [1976] VR 689 ............................................................................................. 31.175 Gadsden v Commissioner of Probate Duties [1978] VR 653 ....................................... 14.125, 14.170 Gadsdon v Gadsdon [2003] WASC 48 .................................................................................... 27.160 Gailey v Gordon [2003] 2 NZLR 192 ............................................................................ 23.35, 23.170

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Equity and Trusts in Australia

Galaxia Maritime SA v Mineralimportexport (The Eleftherios) [1982] 1 All ER 796 ................... 32.100 Galaxidis v Galaxidis [2004] NSWCA 111 ................. 10.115, 10.135, 10.230, 10.235, 10.270, 30.25 Galaxy Media Pty Ltd (in liq), Re (2001) 167 FLR 149 .................................................. 12.10, 33.105 Gall v Mitchell (1924) 35 CLR 222 .................................................................... 33.05, 33.25, 33.140 Gallagher (Valuation Officer) v Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-​Day Saints [2008] 1 WLR 1852 ....................................................................................................................... 29.175 Gallinar Holdings Pty Ltd v Riedel (2014) 17 BPR 32,977 .......................................................... 8.200 Garcia v National Australia Bank Ltd (1998) 194 CLR 395 .............. 7.95, 7.160, 7.170, 7.180, 7.185, 7.190, 7.215, 7.235, 7.250, 7.255, 7.260, 7.265, 9.20, 9.105, P.140 Garden-​Mews-​St Leonards Pty Ltd v Butler Pollnow Pty Ltd (No 2) (1984) 9 ACLR 117 ........... 36.150 Gardiner, Re [1971] 2 NSWLR 494 .......................................................................................... 16.160 Gardiner v Fitzgerald [1962] Qd R 29 ..................................................................................... 21.145 Gardiner v Westpac New Zealand Ltd [2015] 3 NZLR 1 ................................................. 7.185, 7.200 Gardner, Re [1920] 2 Ch 523 .................................................................................................... 18.65 Gardner v Dairy Industry Authority of NSW (1977) 52 ALJR 180 ............................................... 37.55 Gardner v London Chatham and Dover Railway Co (1867) LR 2 Ch App 201 ........................... 36.85 Garland, Ex parte (1803) 10 Ves 110; 32 ER 786 ..................................................................... 23.135 Garland v Minister of Stamp Duties [1919] NZLR 792 ............................................................. 29.185 Garland v Ralph Pay & Ransom [1984] 2 EGLR 147 .................................................................. 36.55 Garra Water Investments Pty Ltd (in liq) v Ourback Yard Nursery Pty Ltd (2012) 279 LSJS 582 ..................................................................................................................... 23.120 Garrard v Frankel (1862) 30 Beav 445; 54 ER 961 ..................................................................... 8.200 Garratt v Ikeda [2002] 1 NZLR 577 ........................................................................................... 11.50 Garthwaite v Garthwaite [1964] P 356 ...................................................................................... 37.15 Gartside v Inland Revenue Commissioners [1968] AC 553 ............... 20.120, 20.125, 20.130, 20.150 Gartside v Outram (1856) 26 LJ Ch 113 .................................................................................... 6.290 Garwoli v Garwoli [2015] SASC 1 ............................................................................................. 2.105 Gas & Fuel Corporation of Victoria v Barba [1976] VR 755 ........................................................ 34.80 Gaskell v Gosling [1896] 1 QB 669 ........................................................................................... 36.25 Gates v Swift [1982] RPC 339 ................................................................................................. 32.175 Gatsios Holdings Pty Ltd v Nick Kritharas Holdings Pty Ltd (in liq) (2002) ATPR ¶41–​864 ..................................................................................................... 23.135, 24.140 GE Capital Asset Services & Trading Asia Pacific Pty Ltd v Rocks Excavations & Plant Hire Pty Ltd (2003) 11 BPR 21,253 .................................................................................... 37.145 GE Capital Australia v Davis [2001] NSWSC 933 ............................................................ 32.65, 32.75 GE Capital Australia v Davis (2002) 180 FLR 250 ....................................................................... 36.60 GE Custodians v Bartle [2011] 2 NZLR 31 ...................................................................... 9.115, 9.195 Gedbury Pty Ltd v Michael David Kennedy Autos [1986] 1 Qd R 103 .......................... 31.50, 31.150 Gedeon v Commissioner of the New South Wales Crime Commission (2008) 236 CLR 120 ....................................................................................................................... 37.10 Geelong Building Society (in liq) v Thomas (1996) V Conv R ¶54–​545 ........ 7.10, 7.95, 7.180, 7.265, 7.280, 9.85, 9.155 Geelong Waterworks and Sewerage Trust, Re [1955] VLR 302 ................................................... 21.60 Geffen v Goodman Estate (1991) 81 DLR (4th) 212 ........................................................... 7.35, 7.80 Geldof Metaalconstructie NV v Simon Carves Ltd [2010] 4 All ER 847 ........................ 30.110, 30.130 Gellibrand's Will, Re (1939) 34 Tas LR 1 .................................................................................. 22.150 Gemstone Corporation v Grasso (1994) 62 SASR 239 ............................................................... 34.25 General Communications Ltd v Development Finance Corporation of New Zealand Ltd [1990] 3 NZLR 406 .......................................................... 25.125, 27.90, 27.95 General Credits (Finance) Pty Ltd v Stoyakovich [1975] Qd R 352 ........................................... 30.110 General Finance Agency and Guarantee Co of Australia Ltd (in liq) v Perpetual Executor and Trustees Association of Australia Ltd (1902) 27 VLR 739 .................................... 2.10 General Investment Pty Ltd v Tyson [1967] Tas SR 96 ............................................................... 21.95

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Table of Cases

General Nursing Council for England and Wales v St Marylebone Borough Council [1959] AC 540 ................................................................................................................... 29.285 Geneva Finance Ltd (receiver and manager appointed), Re (1992) 10 ACLC 668 ...................... 36.15 George Barker (Transport) Ltd v Eynon [1974] 1 All ER 900 ....................................................... 36.20 George Sinnamon, Re [1940] QWN 67 ................................................................................... 23.180 George v Kollias [2007] VSC 46 ..................................................................................... 25.60, 25.65 George v McDonald (1992) 5 BPR 11,659 ........................................................ 21.105, 22.65, 23.95 George v Rockett (1990) 170 CLR 104 .................................................................................... 32.145 George v Webb [2011] NSWSC 1608 ....................................................................................... 38.95 George Whitechurch, Ltd v Cavanagh [1902] AC 117 ............................................................. 10.350 George Wimpey UK Ltd v VI Construction Ltd [2005] BLR 135 ................................... 37.130, 37.135 Georges v Seaborn International Pty Ltd (2012) 206 FCR 408 ................................................. 39.100 Georges v Wieland [2009] NSWSC 733 .................................................................................... 33.65 George's Will Trusts, Re [1949] Ch 154 ..................................................................................... 15.90 Georgiadis v Australian and Overseas Telecommunications Corp (1994) 179 CLR 297 ................ 1.05 Gerace v Auzhair Supplies Pty Ltd (2014) 87 NSWLR 435 .............................................. 30.10, 30.40 Geraghty v Minter (1979) 142 CLR 177 ....................................................................................... P.75 Gerbich, Re [2002] 2 NZLR 791 .............................................................................................. 23.115 Gerloff v Edwards [1917] SASR 93 .......................................................................................... 10.360 Germanotta v Germanotta [2012] QSC 116 ........................................................................... 10.240 Gertsch v Atsas (1999) 10 BPR 18,431 ......................................................................... 38.80, 38.110 Gertsman (deceased), Re [1966] VR 45 ........................................................................ 23.20, 23.115 Gestetner Settlement, Re [1953] Ch 672 ................................................................... 16.180, 17.130 Geys v Société Générale, London Branch [2013] 1 AC 523 ....................................................... 33.80 Ghana Commercial Bank v Chandiram [1960] AC 732 .............................................................. 14.90 Giannarelli v Wraith (1988) 165 CLR 543 ................................................................................ 19.120 Gibb Australia Pty Ltd v Cremor Pty Ltd (1992) 108 FLR 129 .................................................. 30.110 Gibb, Marriage of (1979) 5 Fam LR 694 ...................................................................................... 6.95 Gibb v MacDonnell [1992] 3 NZLR 475 ................................................................ 1.55, 2.110, 10.60 Gibbard's Will Trusts, Re [1967] 1 WLR 42 ............................................................................... 17.120 Gibbs v Gibbs [2004] WASC 132 ............................................................................... 16.200, 21.115 Gibbs v Gibbs [2006] WASCA 224 .......................................................................................... 21.115 Gibbston Valley Estate Ltd v Owen [2000] ANZ Conv R 295 ....................................................... 3.35 Gibson Motorsport Merchandise Pty Ltd v Forbes (2006) 149 FCR 569 ................. 4.15, 4.55, 4.200, 4.215, 4.230 Gibson v South American Stores (Gath & Chaves) Ltd [1950] Ch 177 ...................................... 29.75 Gidrxslme Shipping Co Ltd v Tantomar-​Transportes Maritimos Lda [1994] 4 All ER 507 .......... 32.120 Gilbert v Stanton (1905) 2 CLR 447 ........................................................................................ 16.180 Gilbey v Cossey (1912) 106 LT 607 ........................................................................................ 33.120 Gilchrist, Ex Parte (1886) LR 17 QBD 521 ............................................................................... 16.175 Gilchrist, Re Will of (1867) 6 SCR (NSW) Eq 74 ....................................................................... 23.180 Gilfoyle Shipping Services Ltd v Binosi Pty Ltd [1984] 2 NZLR 742 .......................................... 32.100 Gilhespie v Burdis (1943) 169 LT 91 ....................................................................................... 37.105 Gill v Gill (1921) 21 SR (NSW) 400 ............................................................................ 16.150, 16.160 Gill v Lewis [1956] 2 QB 1 ............................................................................................. 11.05, 11.90 Giller v Procopets (2008) 24 VR 1 ............................................................. 6.95, 6.350, 6.360, 6.365, 34.75, 34.135, P.50 Gillespie, Re [1969] QWN 32 .................................................................................................. 15.105 Gillespie v Whiteoak [1989] 1 Qd R 284 ...................................................................... 31.145, 33.90 Gillett v Holt [2001] Ch 210 ............................................... 10.220, 10.225, 10.235, 10.270, 10.340 Gillies v Keogh [1989] 2 NZLR 327 ............................................................................ 26.100, 38.165 Gillingham Bus Disaster Fund, Re [1958] Ch 300 ......................................................... 26.35, 29.345 Gilltrap v Autopromos Pty Ltd (1995) ATPR ¶41–​395 .............................................................. 31.150

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Equity and Trusts in Australia

Gilmore v Uniting Church of Australia Property Trust (SA) (1984) 36 SASR 475 ....................... 29.315 Gilmour v Coats [1949] AC 426 .............................................................................................. 29.200 Gissing v Gissing [1971] AC 886 ................................................................................... 26.80, 26.90, 26.100, 26.160, 38.215 Giumelli v Giumelli (1999) 196 CLR 101 ..................... 6.375, 10.70, 10.90, 10.100, 10.240, 10.270, 12.30, 38.10, 38.20, 38.70, 38.255 Gladstone v Canada (Attorney-​General) [2005] 1 SCR 325 ......................................................... 4.40 Glasbrook v Richardson (1874) 23 WR 51 ................................................................................. 30.50 Glasse v Woolgar and Roberts (No 2) (1897) 41 Sol Jo 573 ..................................................... 33.120 Glasson v Fuller [1922] SASR 148 ................................................................................. 24.165, 30.25 Glatt v Sinclair [2013] 1 WLR 3602 ......................................................................................... 36.125 Gleeson v Fitzpatrick (1920) 29 CLR 29 .................................................................................. 23.185 Glegg v Bromley [1912] 3 KB 474 ............................................................................................ 17.75 Glenister v Glenister [2001] WASC 133 ..................................................................................... 25.60 Glenn v Federal Commissioner of Land Tax (1915) 20 CLR 490 ................................................ 16.10 Glenwood Management Group Pty Ltd v Mayo [1991] 2 VR 49 .................................... 32.60, 32.80 Glev Pty Ltd v Kentucky Fried Chicken Pty Ltd (1994) ATPR ¶41–​299 ...................................... 30.175 Gliderol International Pty Ltd v Hall (2001) 80 SASR 541 ............................................. 17.15, 27.100 Global Constructions Ltd v Mesh [2002] NSWSC 47 ................................ 20.20, 20.30, 20.55, 25.20 Global Finance Group Pty Ltd (in liq), Re (2002) 26 WAR 385 ...... 39.05, 39.20, 39.25, 39.50, 39.55, 39.60, 39.65, 39.90, 39.95, 39.100 Global Funds Management (NSW) Ltd v Burns Philp Trustee Co Ltd (in prov liq) (1990) 3 ACSR 183 ..................................................................... 21.75, 21.80, 36.90 Global Minerals Australia Pty Ltd v Valerica Pty Ltd (2000) 10 BPR 18,463 ................................ 2.105 Globe and Rutgers Fire Insurance Co v Truedell [1927] 2 DLR 659 ............................................ 14.45 Glynn v Commissioner of Stamp Duties (NSW) [1977] 2 NSWLR 673 ............. 26.60, 26.120, 26.145 GM & AM Pearce & Co Pty Ltd v Australian Tallow Producers [2005] VSCA 113 ..................... 34.150 GMS Syndicate Ltd v Gary Elliott Ltd [1981] 1 All ER 619 ........................................................ 11.105 Goater v Commonwealth Bank of Australia [2014] NSWCA 265 ............................................. 31.100 Goddard v Nationwide Building Society [1987] QB 670 ........................................................... 6.250 Godfrey v Scottish Pacific Business Finance Pty Ltd (2004) 51 ACSR 272 ................................... 36.20 Godin v London Assurance Co (1758) 1 Burr 498; 97 ER 419 ................................................. 14.190 Golay's Will Trusts, Re [1965] 1 WLR 969 .................................................................................. 17.85 Golby v Commonwealth Bank of Australia (1996) 72 FCR 134 .................................................. 4.250 Gold & Copper Resources Pty Ltd v Newcrest Operations Ltd [2013] NSWSC 281 ......... 6.180, 6.185 Gold Ribbon (Accountants) Pty Ltd (in liq) v Sheers [2003] 1 Qd R 683 .................................... 31.85 Gold Star Insurance Co Ltd v Gaunt [1998] 3 NZLR 80 ........................................................... 10.335 Gold v Primary Developments Ltd (1998) 152 DLR (4th) 385 .................................... 38.100, 38.125 Goldcorp Exchange Ltd (in receivership), Re [1995] 1 AC 74 ................ 4.265, 4.275, 10.355, 16.65, 17.90, 27.70, 35.65, 38.15, 39.50 Golden Bread Co v Hemmings [1922] 1 Ch 162 ..................................................................... 38.150 Golden Mile Property Investments Pty Ltd (in liq) v Cudgegong Australia Pty Ltd (2015) 89 NSWLR 237 ....................................................................................................... 38.155 Golden Oceans (NSW) Pty Ltd v Evewall Pty Ltd [2009] NSWSC 674 ........................................ 11.70 Golding v Vella (2003) NSW ConvR ¶56–​044 ........................................................................... 11.75 Goldsbro v Walker [1993] 1 NZLR 394 ........................................................................................ 8.95 Goldsbrough, Mort & Co Ltd v Quinn (1910) 10 CLR 674 ........................................................ 34.75 Goldschmidt v Oberrheinische Metallwerke [1906] 1 KB 373 .................................................. 36.130 Goldstraw v Goldstraw (2006) V ConvR ¶54–​712 ..................................................................... 32.50 Goldsworthy (deceased), Re [1969] VR 843 ............................................................................ 20.125 Goldsworthy v Brickell [1987] Ch 378 ................................................... 7.30, 7.35, 7.75, 7.80, 7.270 Goldwater, Re [1967] NZLR 754 ............................................................................................. 29.370 Golf Lynx v Golf Scene Pty Ltd (1984) 59 ALR 343 .................................................... 31.135, 32.140, 32.145, 32.210 Gollel Holdings Pty Ltd v Kenneth Maurer Funerals Pty Ltd (1987) 9 IPR 109 .......................... 31.155 lxxiv

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Table of Cases

Gomba Holdings UK Ltd v Minories Finance Ltd [1988] 1 WLR 1231 ........................................ 36.25 Gomez v State Bank of New South Wales Ltd [2001] FCA 1059 ................................................ 36.50 Gonder v Evans [2010] WTLR 41 .............................................................................................. 21.65 Goodchild (deceased), Re [1996] 1 WLR 694 .......................................................................... 38.145 Goodchild (deceased), Re [1997] 1 WLR 1216 ........................................................... 38.135, 38.145 Goode (deceased), Re [1960] VR 117 ............................................................... 17.180, 19.75, 29.25 Goodridge v Macquarie Bank Ltd (2010) 265 ALR 170 .................................................... 3.35, 4.250 Goodright v Moses (1774) 2 Wm Bl 1019; 96 ER 599 ............................................................... 2.125 Good's Will Trusts, Re [1950] 2 All ER 653 ............................................................................... 29.315 Goodson (deceased), Re [1971] VR 801 ........................................................ 17.170, 17.180, 29.220 Goodwin v Duggan (1996) 41 NSWLR 158 ................................................................. 23.160, 24.95 Goodwin v NGN Ltd [2011] EMLR 27 ....................................................................................... 6.105 Gordon, Re (1877) 6 Ch D 531 ................................................................................................ 21.90 Gordon v Campbell (1842) 1 Bell App 428 ............................................................................... 27.25 Gordon v Gonda [1955] 1 WLR 885 ......................................................................................... 24.70 Gordon's Will Trusts, Re [1978] 1 Ch 145 ...................................................... 15.105, 15.110, 15.120 Gors v Henderson (unreported, SC(WA), Steytler J, 7 September 1998) .................................. 10.275 Gosling v Gaskell [1897] AC 575 ........................................................................ 36.25, 36.30, 36.35 Goss v Chilcott [1996] 3 NZLR 385 ........................................................................................... 8.140 Gott, Re [1944] Ch 193 .......................................................................................................... 29.380 Gouder, Re [2005] NSWSC 1116 .............................................................................................. 37.65 Gough v Strahl [2013] NZHC 3184 ........................................................................................ 25.150 Gould v O'Carroll [1964] NSWR 803 ....................................................................................... 22.105 Goulding v James [1997] 2 All ER 239 .......................................................................... 25.60, 25.135 Goumas v McIntosh [2002] NSWSC 713 .................................................................................. 32.80 Government Employees Superannuation Board v Martin (1997) 19 WAR 224 ................ 10.45, 22.20 Government Insurance Office (NSW) v Crowley [1975] 2 NSWLR 78 ............ 14.125, 14.185, 14.210 Governments Stock and Other Securities Investment Co Ltd v Manila Railway Co [1897] AC 81 ......................................................................................................................... 1.80 Gowans v Watkins (unreported, SC(Vic), Teague J, 21 February 1996), 21.120 Gower's Settlement, Re [1934] Ch 365 ................................................................................... 21.140 GPG (Australia Trading) Pty Ltd v GIO Australia Holdings Ltd (2001) 191 ALR 342 .................... 9.170 GPI Leisure Corporation Ltd v Herdsman Investments Pty Ltd (No 4) (1990) 9 BPR 17,461 .......................................................................................................... 37.90, 37.100 GPS Power Pty Ltd v Gardiner Willis & Associates Pty Ltd [2001] 1 Qd R 586 ............................ 14.25 Gra-​Ham Australia Pty Ltd v Perpetual Trustees WA Ltd (1989) 1 WAR 65 ................................. 25.15 Grace, Re [1955] QWN 81 ........................................................................................................ 21.80 Grace v Beaulieu of Australia Ltd (2004) 60 IPR 540 ................................................................ 31.165 Grace v Hamilton Island Enterprises Ltd (unreported, SC(Qld), Thomas J, 17 March 1998) ................................................................................................ 10.355 Gradfan, Re (1996) 20 ACSR 689 ............................................................................................ 24.125 Graeme Webb Investments Pty Ltd v St George Partnership Banking Ltd (2001) 38 ACSR 282 ............................................................................................................ 36.30, 36.40 Graham (deceased), Re Estate of (2009) 105 SASR 95 ................................................ 22.180, 22.190 Graham, Re (1938) 55 WN (NSW) 168 ................................................................................... 21.125 Graham, Re Estate of [1910] VLR 466 ..................................................................................... 16.205 Graham v Freer (1980) 35 SASR 424 ......................................................................................... 35.60 Graham v Gibson (1882) 8 VLR (Eq) 43 .................................................................................... 22.55 Grain Growers Ltd v Chief Commissioner of State Revenue (NSW) (2016) 93 NSWLR 415 ........ 29.35 Grand Lodge of Ancient Free and Accepted Masons in New Zealand, Re [2011] 1 NZLR 277 ....................................................................................................................... 29.190 Granot v Hersen (1999) 173 DLR (4th) 227 .................................................. 15.105, 15.110, 15.115 Grant, Re [1933] VLR 263 ....................................................................................................... 22.155 Grant, Re (2013) 10 ASTLR 149 ................................................................................................ 25.45 Grant v Attorney-​General [2009] NSWSC 51 ............................................................. 29.260, 29.345 lxxv

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Equity and Trusts in Australia

Grant v Dawkins [1973] 3 All ER 897 ...................................................................................... 34.120 Grant v Edwards [1986] Ch 638 ........................................................ 26.90, 38.195, 38.215, 38.225 Grant v Grant (1914) 14 SR (NSW) 271 .................................................................................... 23.85 Grant v John Grant & Sons Pty Ltd (1954) 91 CLR 112 .............................................. 30.150, 30.155 Grant v NZMC Ltd [1989] 1 NZLR 8 .................................................. 30.90, 30.105, 30.110, 30.130 Grant v Yarra Glen and Lilydale Hunt Club Ltd [2006] VSC 482 .............................................. 29.255 Grant's Will Trusts, Re [1979] 3 All ER 359 ............................................................................... 17.170 Grantwell Pty Ltd v Franks (1993) 61 SASR 390 ........................................................................ 4.235 Graphicshoppe Ltd, Re (2005) 260 DLR (4th) 713 ......................................................... 39.20, 39.65 Grasso v Love [1980] VR 163 .................................................................................................. 31.190 Gray, Re [1956] NZLR 764 ........................................................................................................ 25.25 Gray v Guardian Trust Australia Ltd [2003] NSWSC 704 ...................................... 20.40, 20.55, 20.60 Gray v Motor Accident Commission (1998) 196 CLR 1 ........................................................... 34.130 Gray v Perpetual Trustee Co Ltd [1928] AC 391 ...................................................................... 38.135 Gray v Spyer [1921] 2 Ch 549 .................................................................................................. 37.05 Grayson v Grayson [1922] QSR 155 .......................................................................................... 19.75 Grazing & Export Meat Co Ltd v Anderson [1976] 1 NZLR 187 ................................................ 31.90 Greasley v Cooke [1980] 1 WLR 1306 ............................................................... 2.105, 10.160, 26.90 Great Peace Shipping Ltd v Tsavliris Salvage (International) Ltd [2003] QB 679 ............ 8.160, 8.165, 8.175, 8.180, 8.185 Great Southern Loans Pty Ltd v Locator Group Pty Ltd [2005] NSWSC 438 ............................ 31.195 Great Southern Managers Australia Ltd, Re (2009) 77 ACSR 9 .................................................. 36.25 Greater Pacific Investments Pty Ltd (in liq) v Australian National Industries Ltd (1996) 39 NSWLR 143 ......................................................................................................... 35.65, 38.50 Greaves, Re [1954] Ch 434 ......................................................................................................... 8.85 Greek Macedonian Club Ltd v Pan Macedonian Greek Brotherhood NSW Ltd [2007] NSWSC 92 ........................................................................................................................... 11.95 Green and Clara Pty Ltd v Bestobell Industries Pty Ltd [1982] WAR 1 ............................... 4.35, 4.285 Green Corns Ltd v Claverley Group Ltd [2005] EMLR 31 ........................................................... 6.205 Green, Re [1942] VLR 210 ........................................................................................... 16.190, 29.10 Green, Re [1951] Ch 148 ........................................................................................... 38.135, 38.145 Green, Re [1970] VR 442 ........................................................................................................ 29.220 Green v Cobham [2000] WTLR 1101 ............................................................................. 23.45, 23.50 Green v Commonwealth Bank of Australia (No 2) (1994) 29 ATR 599 ......................................... 2.15 Green v Green (1989) 17 NSWLR 343 ........................................................... 19.10, 38.180, 38.195, 38.215, 38.220 Green v Green [2017] 2 NZLR 321 ............................................................................................. 7.05 Green v Meltzer (1993) 6 NZCLC 68,393 ................................................................................... 2.10 Green v Nicholson (1869) 6 EE & A'B (E) 147 ........................................................................... 21.55 Green v Page [1957] Tas SR 66 ................................................................................................. 31.20 Green v Russell [1959] 2 QB 226 ............................................................................................ 16.125 Green v Schneller (2001) 164 FLR 82 ...................................................................................... 19.140 Green v Sommerville (1979) 141 CLR 594 .............................................................................. 33.150 Greene v Associated Newspapers Ltd [2005] QB 972 .............................................................. 31.175 Greene v West Cheshire Railway Co (1871) LR 13 Eq 44 ......................................................... 33.165 Greenfield (No 2), Re (1909) 12 GLR 22 ................................................................................... 21.80 Greenpeace of New Zealand Inc, Re [2015] 1 NZLR 169 ........................................... 29.105, 29.215 Greenshell MZ Ltd (in receivership) v Kennedy Bay Mussel Co (NZ) Ltd [2016] 2 NZLR 44 ....... 11.05 Greenwood, Re [1988] 1 NZLR 197 ............................................................................... 25.50, 25.60 Greenwood v Martins Bank Ltd [1933] AC 51 ........................................................................... 10.40 Greer, Re Will of (1911) 11 SR (NSW) 21 .................................................................................. 22.90 Greer v Kettle [1937] 4 All ER 396 ............................................................................................. 10.10 Greetings Oxford Koala Hotel Pty Ltd v Oxford Square Investments Pty Ltd (1989) 18 NSWLR 33 ...................................................................................................................... 33.40 Gregg v Coates (1856) 23 Beav 33; 53 ER 13 ......................................................................... 16.160 lxxvi

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Table of Cases

Gregg v Kidd [1956] IR 183 ...................................................................................................... 7.115 Gregg v Perpetual Trustee Co (1918) 18 SR (NSW) 252 .......................................................... 15.100 Gregory v Hudson (1997) 41 NSWLR 573 ................................................................. 16.175, 20.120 Gregory v Hudson (1998) 45 NSWLR 300 ................................................................. 16.175, 20.120 Greinert v Jarrett [2004] NSWSC 209 ...................................................................................... 31.195 Grey v Australian Motorists & General Insurance Co Pty Ltd [1976] 1 NSWLR 669 ...................... 3.35 Grey v Inland Revenue Commissioners [1960] AC 1 .................................................................. 18.10 Grgic v Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Ltd (1994) 33 NSWLR 202 ......................... 2.105 Grierson v National Provincial Bank [1913] 2 Ch 18 .................................................................. 2.140 Griffiths, Re [1926] VLR 212 .......................................................................... 16.190, 17.120, 29.300 Griffiths v Commonwealth Bank of Australia (1994) 123 ALR 111 ............................................. 8.110 Griffiths v Porter (1858) 25 Beav 236; 53 ER 627 ...................................................................... 22.15 Griffiths v Secretary of State for Social Services [1974] QB 468 ................................................. 36.35 Griffon Shipping LLC v Firodi Shipping Ltd [2013] 2 Lloyd's Rep 50 .......................................... 11.50 Grimaldi v Chameleon Mining NL (No 2) (2012) 200 FCR 296 ............................ 4.15, 38.10, 38.45, 38.80, 38.110 Grime Carter & Co Pty Ltd v Whytes Furniture (Dubbo) Pty Ltd [1983] 1 NSWLR 158 ......................................................................................................... 23.120, 27.30 Grist v Bailey [1967] 1 Ch 532 .................................................................................................. 8.170 Grizonic v Suttor [2011] NSWSC 471 ..................................................................................... 23.145 Grocers of Wyong Pty Ltd v Retech Global Pty Ltd [2004] NSWSC 488 ..................................... 39.20 Grocon Constructions (Qld) Pty Ltd v Juniper Development No 2 Pty Ltd [2015] QCA 291. ............................................................................................................................ 13.45 Grocott v Ayson [1975] 2 NZLR 586 ............................................................................ 31.60, 34.120 Groeneveld Australia Pty Ltd v Nolsten Vastgoed BV [2011] VSC 18 .......................................... 32.45 Grogan v “The Astor” Ltd (1925) 25 SR (NSW) 409 ................................................................ 35.110 Grollo Nominees Pty Ltd v Commissioner of Taxation (1997) 73 FCR 452 .............................. 19.150 Groote Eylandt Aboriginal Trust Inc v Deloitte, Touche & Tohmatsu (No 2) [2017] NTSC 4 ................................................................................................................... 29.65, 29.265 Grose (deceased), Re [1949] SASR 55 ..................................................................................... 23.170 Grossman v E Katz Manufacturing Jewellers (ACT) Pty Ltd (2004) 213 ALR 373 ........................ 22.90 Grosvenor (deceased), Re [1965] NSWR 723 .......................................................................... 17.175 Grove-​Grady, Re [1929] 1 Ch 557 ........................................................................................... 29.220 Groves v Groves [2004] WASC 79 ............................................................................................. 36.95 Groves v Groves [2013] QSC 277 .................................................................................. 7.220, 7.255 Grummitt v Natalisio [1968] VR 156 ................................................................... 12.15, 12.45, 12.80 Grundel v Registrar General (1990) 5 BPR 11,217 ..................................................................... 18.55 Grundt v Great Boulder Pty Gold Mines Ltd (1937) 59 CLR 641 ..................... 10.35, 10.230, 30.160 Guaranty Trust Co of New York v Hannay & Co [1915] 2 KB 536 .............................................. 37.15 Guazzini v Pateson (1918) 18 SR (NSW) 275 ............................................... 21.105, 21.115, 21.130, 22.55, 22.90, 23.35 Guerin v The Queen (1984) 13 DLR (4th) 321 ................................................................... 5.45, 5.50 Guest v Guest [2015] VSC 761 ................................................................................................. 20.55 Guest v Webb [1965] VR 427 ......................................................................................... 18.45, 18.65 Guidi (deceased), Re [1948] SASR 207 .......................................................... 29.325, 29.330, 29.340 Guild v Inland Revenue Commissioners [1992] 2 WLR 397 ..................................................... 29.270 Guinness v Gardiner (1992) 9 WAR 107 .................................................................................... 1.150 Gulbenkian's Settlements, Re [1970] AC 508 ............................................... 16.185, 16.190, 17.115, 17.120, 17.130 Gunther v Commissioner of Stamp Duties (1932) 33 SR (NSW) 95 ........................................... 17.20 Gurney v Gurney (No 2) [1967] NZLR 922 ..................................................... 33.05, 33.150, 33.155 Gustav & Co Ltd v Macfield Ltd [2008] 2 NZLR 735 ................................................................... 9.45 Gutnick v Indian Farmers Fertiliser Cooperative Ltd (2016) 49 VR 732 ...................................... 35.15 Gwilym (deceased), Re [1952] VLR 282 ..................................................................... 29.145, 29.315 Gwyon, Re [1930] 1 Ch 255 ................................................................................................... 29.120 lxxvii

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Equity and Trusts in Australia

Gye v Davies (1995) 37 NSWLR 421 .......................................................................... 14.140, 14.170 Gye v McIntyre (1991) 171 CLR 609 ...................................................................................... 30.100

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H H E Blaxland (deceased), Re [1964–​5] NSWR 124 ................................................................... 29.135 H G & R Nominees Pty Ltd v Fava [1997] 2 VR 368 ....................................................... 7.125, 7.165 H Stanke & Sons Pty Ltd v O'Meara (2007) 98 SASR 450 .......................................................... 37.05 H Stanke & Sons Pty Ltd v Von Stanke (2007) 250 LSJS 149 ...................................... 16.200, 16.205 Haas Timber & Trading Co Pty Ltd v Wade (1954) 94 CLR 593 ................................................. 30.15 Habib Bank Ltd v Habib Bank AG Zurich [1981] 1 WLR 1265 ....................................................... P.40 Hackett v Hackett [1922] NZLR 242 ........................................................................................ 21.125 Hadaway v Hadaway [1955] 1 WLR 16 ..................................................................................... 29.45 Hadid v Lenfest Communications Inc (1996) 67 FCR 446 ......................................................... 32.65 Hadlee v Commissioner of Inland Revenue [1991] 3 NZLR 517 ................................................. 3.150 Hadlee v Commissioner of Inland Revenue [1993] 2 NZLR 385 ................................................. 3.150 Hagan v Waterhouse (1991) 34 NSWLR 308 ........................................... 18.10, 24.65, 24.80, 24.90, 24.205, 34.145, 38.30, 39.20, 39.70, 39.80, 39.90, 39.110 Hagger, Re [1930] 2 Ch 190 ................................................................................................... 38.145 Hain's Settlement, Re [1961] 1 WLR 440 ................................................................................. 17.100 Haira v Burbery Mortgage Finance & Savings Ltd (in rec) [1995] 3 NZLR 396 ........................... 34.40 Halabi v Artillaga (1993) 17 Fam LR 675 ................................................................................. 19.155 Hale (a bankrupt), Re [1989] 2 NZLR 503n ............................................................................. 19.145 Half Court Tennis Pty Ltd v Seymour (1980) 53 FLR 240 ............................................................. 6.55 Halifax plc v Omar (2002) 16 EGCS 180 ...................................................................... 14.85, 14.100 Hall, Re [1941] 2 All ER 358 .................................................................................................... 24.170 Hall v Poolman (2007) 215 FLR 243 ........................................................................................ 19.140 Hall v Sherman (2001) 165 FLR 1 ............................................................................................. 36.25 Hallett's Estate, Re (1880) 13 Ch D 696 .............................................................. 39.20, 39.45, 39.55 Halley, Re (1959) 43 MPR 79 .................................................................................................. 18.130 Halley v Law Society [2003] EWCA Civ 97 ................................................................................. 35.75 Halliday & Nicholas Insurance Brokers Pty Ltd v Corsiatto (2001) 11 ANZ Ins Cas ¶61–​505  ................................................................................................................... 6.55, 34.145 Halloran v Minister Administering National Parks and Wildlife Act 1974 (2006) 229 CLR 545 ....................................................................................................................... 18.10 Hallows v Lloyd (1888) 39 Ch D 686 ........................................................................................ 22.10 Hamersley Iron Pty Ltd v Forge Group Power Pty Ltd (in liq) (recs & mgrs apptd) (2017) 52 WAR 90 ............................................................................................................. 30.100 Hamilton Ice Arena Ltd v Perry Developments Ltd [2002] 1 NZLR 309 ........................ 30.90, 30.105, 30.110, 30.120 Hamilton, Re [1895] 2 Ch 370 .................................................................................................. 17.20 Hamilton v Donovan Oates Hannaford Mortgage Corp Ltd (2007) 207 FLR 163 ....................... 1.105 Hammat v Chapman (1914) 14 SR (NSW) 416 ......................................................................... 17.15 Hammer Waste Pty Ltd v QBE Mercantile Mutual Ltd (2003) 12 ANZ Ins Cas ¶61–​553 ...................................................................................14.35, P.70, P.125 Hammond v Hammond (2007) 13 BPR 24,619 ...................................................................... 16.160 Hammond v Osborn [2002] EWCA Civ 885 ................................................................................ 7.75 Hampton, Re [1922] SASR 286 ............................................................................................... 26.110 Hanak v Green [1958] 2 All ER 141 ........................................................................................... 30.95 Hanbey's Will Trusts, Re [1956] 1 Ch 264 ................................................................................ 29.380 Hanchett-​Stamford v Attorney General [2009] Ch 173 ................................. 17.170, 17.175, 29.100 Hancock Family Memorial Foundation Ltd v Porteous (2000) 22 WAR 198 .................... 35.65, 38.10 Hancock v Reinhart (2015) 13 ASTLR 1 ......................................... 20.55, 20.60, 21.80, 22.30, 25.45

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Table of Cases

Hancock v Watson [1902] AC 14 .............................................................................................. 26.20 Handberg v MIG Property Services Pty Ltd (2010) 79 ACSR 595 ................................................. 2.40 Hanel v O'Neill (2003) 180 FLR 360 .......................................................................................... 27.40 Hann v Linton (1967) 42 ALT 317 .............................................................................. 26.115, 26.145 Hannah's Will, Re (1939) 34 Tas LR 45 .................................................................................... 29.185 Hannan v Zindilis [2016] VSC 723 ............................................................................................ 39.90 Hannover Life Re of Australasia Ltd v Sayseng (2005) 13 ANZ Ins Cas ¶90–​123 ...................... 28.160 Hansard v Hansard [2015] 2 NZLR 158 ..................................................................................... 22.65 Hansen v Macro Engineering (Aust) Pty Ltd [1948] VLR 198 ................................................... 10.290 Hanson Construction Materials Pty Ltd v Davey (2010) 79 ACSR 668 ....................................... 1.155 Hanson Construction Materials Pty Ltd v Norlis Pty Ltd [2010] QSC 34 ..................................... 1.155 Hanson v Keating (1844) 4 Hare 1; 67 ER 537 ............................................................................. P.75 Haque v Haque (No 2) (1965) 114 CLR 98 ............................................................................. 38.155 Harari's Settlement Trusts, Re [1949] 1 All ER 430 ................................................................... 22.180 Harcourt v White (1860) 28 Beav 303; 54 ER 382 ..................................................................... 30.35 Hardey v Tory (1923) 32 CLR 592 ........................................................................................... 29.185 Harding (deceased), Re [2007] 1 All ER 747 .............................................................................. 17.20 Hardman v Hobman [2002] QSC 112 ........................................................................ 38.180, 38.200 Hardman v Hobman (2004) DFC ¶95–​281 ................................................... 38.180, 38.190, 38.200 Hardoon v Belilios [1901] AC 118 ................................................................... 23.140, 27.50, 36.125 Hardy v Whitcombe [2017] NZHC 2382 ................................................................................... 18.50 Hargreaves, Re [1973] Qd R 448 ............................................................................................. 17.175 Hargrove, Re [1915] 1 Ch 398 ................................................................................................ 15.110 Harlow v Mitchell [1970] QWN 27 ........................................................................................... 12.80 Harmer v Pearson (1993) 16 Fam LR 596 ................................................................................ 38.205 Harneiss v Public Trustee (1940) 40 SR (NSW) 414 ................................................................. 18.135 Harper v Whitby [1978] 1 NSWLR 35 ...................................................................................... 31.175 Harpley Nominees Pty Ltd v Jeans [2006] NSWCA 176 ........................................................... 14.140 Harpur v Levy (2007) 16 VR 587 ............................................................................................... 18.90 Harpur v Levy (2013) 9 ASTLR 496 ......................................................................................... 23.120 Harries v Church Commissioners for England [1992] 1 WLR 1241 .............................. 22.205, 22.210 Harris, Re [1909] 2 Ch 206 ..................................................................................................... 15.115 Harris v Anais Holdings Ltd [2002] 3 NZLR 511 .................................................................. 2.45, 2.65 Harris v Beauchamp Brothers [1894] 1 QB 801 ....................................................................... 36.130 Harris v Digital Pulse Pty Ltd (2003) 56 NSWLR 298 .................................. 4.85, 4.285, 6.55, 34.130, P.40, P.45, P.50 Harris v Harris (1919) 20 SR (NSW) 61 .................................................................................... 22.225 Harris v Jenkins (1922) 31 CLR 341 ................................................................................ 7.70, 22.115 Harris v Lord Shuttleworth [1993] PLR 39 ............................................................................... 28.150 Harris v Pepperell (1867) LR 5 Eq 1 ........................................................................................... 8.200 Harris v Rothery (2013) 10 ASTLR 108 ........................................................................................ 7.55 Harris v Smith (2008) 14 BPR 26,223 .................................................................. 2.110, 37.70, 37.75 Harris v Truman (1882) 9 QBD 264 ........................................................................................ 16.110 Harrison, Jones & Devlin Ltd v Union Bank of Australia Ltd (1909) 10 SR (NSW) 266 .......................................................................... 23.95, 23.175, 23.180, 24.215 Harrison Partners Construction Pty Ltd v Jevena Pty Ltd (2005) 225 ALR 369 ................. 32.60, 32.65 Harrison Partners Construction Pty Ltd v Jevena Pty Ltd [2006] NSWSC 317 ............................. 32.80 Harrison v Harrison [2013] VSCA 170 ........................................................... 10.240, 10.245, 10.295 Harrison v Mills [1976] 1 NSWLR 42 ....................................................................................... 23.180 Harrison v Project & Design Co (Redcar) Ltd [1978] FSR 81 ........................................................ 6.85 Harrison v Southhampton Corporation (1854) 2 Sm & G 387; 65 ER 448 ............................... 29.145 Harstedt Pty Ltd v Tomanek [2018] VSCA 84 ............................................................................ 38.65 Hart (deceased), Re [1954] VLR 239 .......................................................................................... 25.35 Hart v Brewer (1595) Cro Eliz 449; 78 ER 688 ......................................................................... 29.175

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Equity and Trusts in Australia

Hart v Burbidge [2013] WTLR 1191 ............................................................................................ 7.05 Hart v Denham [1871] WN 2 .................................................................................................. 24.125 Harter v Harter (1873) LR 3 P & D 11 ....................................................................................... 37.80 Hartigan Nominees Pty Ltd v Rydge (1992) 29 NSWLR 405 ......... 20.30, 20.35, 20.40, 20.45, 20.60, 20.65, 20.120, 23.65, 23.180, 28.80 Hartigan v International Society for Krishna Consciousness Inc [2002] NSWSC 810 ............................................................................................. 7.30, 7.55, 7.70, 7.270, 7.275, 7.285, P.160 Hartigan v O'Shanassy (1872) 3 VR (E) 41 ................................................................................. 24.95 Hartlepool Gas and Water Co v West Hartlepool Harbour and Rail Co (1865) 12 LT 366 ......... 31.150 Hartleys Ltd v Yukich (2002) 115 IR 275 ................................................................................... 6.320 Harvard Securities Ltd, Re [1997] BCLC 369 ............................................................................. 17.90 Harvell v Foster [1954] 2 QB 367 ............................................................................................ 16.205 Harvey v Olliver (1887) 57 LT 239 ............................................................................................ 22.10 Harwood-​Smart v Caws [2000] PLR 101 ................................................................................. 28.150 Haskew v Equity Trustees, Executors & Agency Co Ltd (1919) 27 CLR 231 ................................. 7.55 Hasler v Singtel Optus Pty Ltd (2014) 87 NSWLR 609 .................................................. 38.85, 38.110 Hassell v Perpetual Executors Trustees and Agency Co (WA) Ltd (1952) 86 CLR 513 .......................................................................................................... 22.150, 22.155 Hastings-​Bass (deceased), Re [1975] Ch 25 ....................................................... 23.45, 23.50, 25.100 Hatton Developments (Aust) Pty Ltd and The Companies Act, Re (1978) 3 ACLR 484 ......................................................................................................................... 24.65 Havelock v Havelock (1881) 17 Ch D 807 ................................................................................. 25.25 Havill (deceased), Re [1968] NZLR 1116 ...................................................................... 23.20, 23.175 Havyn Pty Ltd v Webster (2005) 12 BPR 22,837 ........................................................................ 11.75 Hawes v Dean [2014] NSWCA 380 ............................................................................ 30.105, 30.115 Hawker Pacific Pty Ltd v Helicopter Charter Pty Ltd (1991) 22 NSWLR 298 ........ 8.25, 10.85, 10.100, 10.220, 10.225, 10.275 Hawkes, Re (1900) 3 GLR 33 .................................................................................................... 21.80 Hawkesbury Development Pty Ltd v Landmark Finance Pty Ltd [1969] 2 NSWR 782 ................. 36.15 Hawkesbury Valley Developments Pty Ltd v Custom Credit Corporation Ltd (1995) NSW ConvR ¶55–​731 .......................................................................................................... 36.50 Hawkesley v May [1956] 1 QB 304 ........................................................................................... 20.75 Hawkins v Barkley-​Brown [2010] NSWSC 48 ............................................................................. 22.90 Hawkins v Butcher (2002) 55 NSWLR 558 ................................................................................ 11.75 Hawkins v Hawkins (1920) 20 SR (NSW) 550 .......................................................................... 22.165 Hawthorn, City of v Victorian Welfare Association [1970] VR 205 ............................................ 29.125 Haxton v Equuscorp Pty Ltd (2010) 265 ALR 336 ....................................................................... 3.05 Hay v Total Risk Management Pty Ltd [2004] NSWSC 94 ........................................................ 28.160 Hayden v Mitchell (1986) 60 LGRA 123 .................................................................................. 10.110 Hayden v Teplitzky (1997) 74 FCR 7 ............................................. 31.80, 31.85, 32.35, 32.60, 32.85 Hayes, Re (1996) 138 ALR 54 .................................................................................................. 14.140 Hayes v National Heart Foundation of Australia, NSW Division [1976] 1 NSWLR 29 .................. 17.20 Hayim v Citibank NA [1987] AC 730 ........................................................................................ 24.15 Hayne v Hayne (1994) FLC ¶92–​512 ....................................................................................... 23.115 Haynes v Mico (1781) 1 Bro CC 129; 28 ER 1031 ..................................................................... 15.25 Hay's Settlement Trusts, Re [1982] 1 WLR 202 ................................. 16.190, 17.115, 17.135, 20.130 Haythorpe v Rae [1972] VR 633 .............................................................................................. 18.105 Hayward, Re [1934] SASR 364 ................................................................................................ 22.150 Hazelton Air Charter Pty Ltd, Re (2002) 41 ACSR 472 ................................................................ P.110 Heale v Phillips [1959] Qd R 489 .............................................................................................. 31.20 Healey v Healey [1915] 1 KB 938 ................................................................................................ 1.05 Health Services for Men Pty Ltd v D'Souza (2000) 48 NSWLR 448 ............................................ 31.15 Heath, Marriage of (1983) FLC ¶91–​362 ................................................................................. 19.160

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Table of Cases

Heath (No 2), Marriage of (1984) FLC ¶91–​517 ..................................................................... 19.160 Heath v Hall (1812) 4 Taunt 326; 128 ER 355 ............................................................................. 3.15 Heath v Heath [2010] 1 FLR 610 ............................................................................................. 33.170 Heathcote v Hulme (1819) 1 Jac & W 122; 37 ER 322 .............................................................. 24.75 Heavener v Loomes (1924) 34 CLR 306 .................................................................................... 31.50 Heberley (deceased), Re [1971] NZLR 325 .............................................................................. 16.205 Heery v Criminal Justice Commission [2001] 2 Qd R 610 .......................................................... 37.25 Heid v Reliance Finance Corporation Pty Ltd (1983) 154 CLR 326 ........................... 2.10, 2.20, 2.25, 2.30, 2.40, 2.55 Heinl v Jyske Bank [1999] Lloyd's Rep (Banking) 511 ................................................................. 38.85 Helena Partnerships Ltd v Revenue and Customs Commissioners [2012] 4 All ER 111 .......................................................................................................... 29.115, 29.215 Helmet Integrated Systems Ltd v Tunnard [2007] FSR 16 .......................................................... 4.285 Helmich and Taylor v Thorp and Strathdee [1997] 3 NZLR 86 .................................................. 10.10 Helmore v Smith (1887) 35 Ch D 436 ...................................................................................... 4.190 Helvetic Investment Corporation Pty Ltd v Knight (1982) 7 ACLR 225 ...................................... 27.25 Helvetic Investment Corporation Pty Ltd v Knight (1984) 9 ACLR 773 ......................... 23.155, 27.25 Henchley v Thompson [2018] WTLR 1289 .............................................................................. 24.110 Henderson v Miles (No 2) (2005) 12 BPR 23,579 .................................................................... 10.235 Henderson v Woodruffe [1921] NZLR 411 .............................................................................. 22.100 Henderson's Caveat, Re [1998] 1 Qd R 632 ............................................................................ 38.155 Heneker v Heneker [1954] SASR 181 ........................................................................................ 26.60 Henley, Re (2013) 10 ASTLR 1 ................................................................................................. 25.150 Henry Bull & Co v Murphy (1900) 21 LR (NSW) Eq 1 ............................................................. 36.130 Henry Roach (Petroleum) Pty Ltd v Credit House (Vic) Pty Ltd [1976] VR 309 ......................... 31.100 Henry v Hammond [1913] 2 KB 515 ....................................................................................... 16.110 Henry v Henry [2010] 1 All ER 988 ............................................................................... 10.160, 12.20 Henville v Walker (2001) 206 CLR 459 ........................................................................................ 8.95 Heperu Pty Ltd v Belle (2009) 76 NSWLR 230 ........................................................................... 26.40 Hepworth v Hepworth (1963) 110 CLR 309 .............................................................. 26.125, 26.130 Herbert Morris Ltd v Saxelby [1916] 1 AC 688 ............................................................................ 6.55 Herdegen v Federal Commissioner of Taxation (1988) 84 ALR 271 ........ 16.15, 17.115, 21.45, 27.90 Herskope v Perpetual Trustees (WA) Ltd (2002) 41 ACSR 707 ...................................... 17.15, 28.150 Hespe v Surfers Paradise Forests Ltd (1985) 10 ACLR 182 ......................................................... 23.65 Hester v Commissioner of Inland Revenue [2005] 2 NZLR 172 ................................................ 29.180 Hester v Commissioner of Inland Revenue [2005] 2 NZLR 473 ................................................ 29.180 Hetherington (deceased), Re [1989] 2 WLR 1094 ................................................................... 29.195 Hewett v Court (1983) 149 CLR 639 ............................................ 1.95, 1.160, 33.05, 33.35, 38.155 Hewett v First Plus Financial Group plc [2010] 2 FLR 177 ............................................................ 7.95 Hewitt (deceased), Re (unreported, HC(NZ), Fisher J, 19 May 1998) ...................................... 23.185 Hewitt v Gardner [2009] NSWSC 1107 ................................................................... 7.60, 7.130, 9.50 Hewson v Sydney Stock Exchange Ltd [1968] 2 NSWR 224 ....................................... 30.170, 30.180 Hexal Australia Pty Ltd v Roche Therapeutics Inc (2005) 66 IPR 325 ........................................ 31.165 Heydon v Perpetual Executors Trustees and Agency Co (WA) Ltd (1930) 45 CLR 111 ............... 26.55 Heywood v Pryor (1905) 23 WN (NSW) 44 ............................................................... 22.100, 22.110 Heyworth's Settlement, Re [1956] 2 All ER 21 ......................................................................... 21.140 Hibberson v George (1989) 12 Fam LR 725 .............................................................. 38.180, 38.185, 38.190, 38.195 Hicks v Trustees Executors and Agency Co Ltd (1901) 27 VLR 389 ............................... 24.50, 24.180 Hiero Pty Ltd v Somers (1983) 47 ALR 605 ............................................................................... 32.65 Higashida v Sato [2014] NSWSC 1291 ...................................................................................... 26.60 Higgins v Potter (1949) 50 SR (NSW) 77 ................................................................................ 31.190 Higgins v Statewide Developments Pty Ltd (2010) 14 BPR 27,293 ............................................ 11.75 Higgins v Wingfield [1987] VR 689 ................................................................. 26.90, 38.215, 38.225

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Equity and Trusts in Australia

Highbury Pension Fund Management Co v Zirfin Investments Management Ltd [2014] Ch 359 ................................................................................................................... 14.215 Highland v Exception Holdings Pty Ltd (in liq) (2006) 60 ACSR 223 .............................. 14.10, 14.70 Highland v Labraga (No 2) [2005] NSWSC 1212 ...................................................................... 24.15 HIH Casualty & General Insurance Ltd v Building Insurers' Guarantee Corporation (2004) 13 ANZ Ins Cas ¶61–​597 ............................................................................... 14.05, 14.20 HIH Casualty & General Insurance Ltd v Territory Insurance Office (1998) 10 ANZ Ins Cas ¶61–​392  ........................................................................................................ 14.125, 14.200 HIH Claims Support Ltd v Insurance Australia Ltd (2011) 244 CLR 72 ..................................... 14.130 HIH Superannuation Pty Ltd, Re [2003] NSWSC 65 ................................................... 28.160, 28.200 Hilder v Church of England Deaconess' Institution Sydney Ltd [1973] 1 NSWLR 506 .............. 29.125 Hilditch (deceased), Re (1985) 39 SASR 469 ............................................................................. 29.75 Hill v Barclay (1810) 16 Ves 402; 33 ER 1037 ............................................................................ 33.40 Hill v Crook (1873) LR 6 HL 265 ............................................................................................... 19.10 Hill v Gomme (1839) 1 Beav 540; 48 ER 1050 ........................................................................ 30.150 Hill v Hill [2005] NSWSC 863 .................................................................................................. 38.200 Hill v Permanent Trustee Co of NSW Ltd [1930] AC 720 ......................................................... 22.165 Hill v Rose [1990] VR 129 .................................................................................... 34.05, 34.55, P.140 Hill v Ziymack (1908) 7 CLR 352 ............................................................................................. 30.110 Hillcrest (Ilford) Pty Ltd v Kingsford (Ilford) Pty Ltd (No 2) (2010) 4 ASTLR 233 ........................ 21.55 Hillier, Re [1954] 2 All ER 59 ................................................................................................... 29.345 Hillsdown Holdings plc v Pensions Ombudsman [1997] 1 All ER 862 ...................................... 28.155 Hilton v Barker Booth & Eastwood [2002] Lloyd's Rep PN 500 .................................................. 4.150 Hilton v Barker Booth & Eastwood (a firm) [2005] 1 WLR 567 .................................................. 4.150 Hince, Re [1946] SASR 323 ..................................................................................................... 18.130 Hinson v Buenaventura (1994) 17 Fam LR 40 ......................................................................... 38.215 Hislop v Paltar Petroleum Ltd (No 2) (2017) 122 ACSR 358 ...................................................... 31.85 HKRUK II (CHC) Ltd v Heaney (2010) 44 EG 126 ...................................................................... 34.95 Hobbs v Federal Commissioner of Taxation (1957) 98 CLR 151 .............................................. 27.160 Hobbs v Marlowe [1978] AC 16 ................................................................................................ 14.55 Hobkirk v Ritchie (1934) 29 Tas LR 14 ........................................................................ 21.110, 21.120 Hockin v Bank of British Columbia (1990) 71 DLR (4th) 11 ..................................................... 28.170 Hodge, Re [1940] Ch 260 ...................................................................... 16.160, 20.75, 20.80, 20.85 Hodge, Re [1960] SASR 237 ................................................................................................... 29.220 Hodges v Kovacs Estate Agency Pty Ltd [1961] WAR 19 .......................................................... 39.100 Hodgins v Duke Nominees Pty Ltd (2000) 77 SASR 74 ............................................................ 10.160 Hodgkinson v Simms (1995) 117 DLR (4th) 161 ................................. 4.60, 4.65, 4.70, 4.235, 4.265 Hodgson v Amcor Ltd (2012) 264 FLR 1 ..................................................................................... 4.20 Hoey, Re [1994] 2 Qd R 510 ...................................................................................... 29.255, 29.270 Hoffman, Re (1989) 85 ALR 145 .................................................................................... 35.85, 35.95 Hogan v Commercial Factors Ltd [2006] 3 NZLR 618 ..................................................... 7.40, 7.185, 7.190, 7.205 Hogden v Hogden (1956) 57 SR (NSW) 269 ........................................................................... 16.165 Hogg v Hogg [2008] WTLR 35 ................................................................................................. 7.130 Hohol v Hohol [1981] VR 221 ................................................................................................. 38.215 Holder v Holder [1968] Ch 353 ............................................................. 22.95, 24.160, 30.15, 30.25 Holland, Re [1914] 2 Ch 595 ...................................................................................................... 8.80 Holland, Re (1928) 28 SR (NSW) 369 ........................................................................ 14.215, 14.240 Holland, Re Will of (1891) 17 VLR 1 ........................................................................................ 16.205 Holland v Goltrans Pty Ltd [1984] 1 Qd R 18 .......................................................................... 33.125 Holland v Roperti [2009] VSC 378 .......................................................................................... 33.175 Holley v Holley (1982) FLC ¶91–​257 ....................................................................................... 19.155 Holley v Smyth [1998] QB 726 ............................................................................................... 31.175 Holli Managed Investments Pty Ltd v Australian Securities Commission (1998) 30 ACSR 113 ........................................................................................................ 23.125, 23.150 lxxxii

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Table of Cases

Hollier v Australian Maritime Safety Authority (1998) V ConvR ¶54–​581 ................................. 10.235 Hollingsworth v Commissioner of Police (1998) 47 NSWLR 151 ............................................... 4.295 Hollinrake v Truswell [1894] 3 Ch 420 ........................................................................................ 6.15 Hollister v Medik Ostomy Supplies Ltd [2013] Bus LR 428 ....................................................... 34.175 Hollole (deceased), Re [1945] VLR 295 ........................................................... 17.15, 29.275, 29.300 Holman v Johnson (1775) 1 Cowp 341; 98 ER 1120 ........................................... 19.30, 19.40, 19.45 Holmden's Settlement Trusts, Re [1968] AC 685 ....................................................................... 25.60 Holmes v Kiriwai Conulstants Ltd [2015] NZCA 149 ................................................................. 4.115 Holmes v Millage [1893] 1 QB 551 ......................................................................................... 36.130 Holmes v Walton [1961] WAR 96 .............................................................................................. 34.55 Holroyd v Marshall (1862) 10 HLC 191; 11 ER 999 ................................................................... 33.45 Holyoake v Candy [2018] Ch 297 .................................................................................. 32.50, 32.55 Hone v Abbey Forwarding Ltd (in liq) [2015] Ch 309 ..................................... 31.135, 31.140, 32.20 Honey v McLennan (1997) 18 WAR 384 ................................................................................. 24.185 Hongkong & Shanghai Banking Corp v Kloeckner & Co AG [1990] 2 QB 514 ........................ 30.130 Hons v Hons [2010] NSWSC 247 .............................................................................................. 30.10 Hoobin (deceased), Re [1957] VR 341 ........................................................................... 11.60, 11.75 Hood, Re (1940) 40 SR (NSW) 449 ......................................................................................... 22.140 Hooke v Robson [1962] NSWR 606 ...................................................................... 8.60, 8.75, 16.180 Hooker Town Developments Pty Ltd v Director of War Service Homes (1973) 47 ALJR 320 ....................................................................................................................... 37.100 Hooper, Re [1932] 1 Ch 38 ..................................................................................................... 17.150 Hooper v Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Ltd [1996] ANZ Conv R 400 ................. 38.250 Hooper v Rogers [1975] Ch 43 .................................................................................... 31.55, 31.190 Hoover plc v George Hulme (Stockport) Ltd [1982] FSR 565 ........................................................ P.40 Hope v Hope [1977] 1 NZLR 582 ............................................................................................. 1.150 Hopkins v Worcester & Birmingham Canal Proprietors (1868) LR 6 Eq 437 ............................... 36.80 Hopkins' Will Trusts, Re [1964] 3 All ER 46 .............................................................................. 29.150 Hopkinson v Rolt (1861) 9 HLC 514; 11 ER 829 .......................................................................... 2.90 Horan v James [1982] 2 NSWLR 376 .......................................................................... 16.175, 17.115 Horlock, Re [1895] 1 Ch 516 ......................................................................................... 15.15, 15.25 Horne v Barber (1920) 27 CLR 494 ............................................................................................. 5.25 Hornsby v Military Superannuation & Benefits Board of Trustees No 1 (2003) 126 FCR 484 ..................................................................................................................... 28.235 Hornsby v Playoust (2005) 11 VR 522 ....................................................................................... 25.45 Horrobin v Australian and New Zealand Banking Group Ltd (1996) 40 NSWLR 89 .................. 30.110 Horrocks (deceased), Re [1944] NZLR 314 ......................................................... 15.45, 15.55, 15.65, 15.70, 15.95 Horsley v Fawcett (1847) 11 Beav 565; 50 ER 935 .................................................................... 24.10 Hortico (Aust) Pty Ltd v Energy Equipment Co (Aust) Pty Ltd (1985) 1 NSWLR 545 .... 31.165, 32.35, 32.50 Hosken v Danahar [1911] VLR 214 ......................................................................................... 16.205 Hosking v Runting [2005] 1 NZLR 1 .............................................................................. 6.125, 6.130 Hospital Products Ltd v Ballabil Holdings Pty Ltd [1984] 2 NSWLR 662 ................................... 32.115 Hospital Products Ltd v United States Surgical Corporation (1984) 156 CLR 41 ....................................................... 4.15, 4.30, 4.50, 4.55, 4.60, 4.65, 4.265, 4.270, 4.275, 4.285, 4.325, 16.60, 38.10, 38.30, P.55 Hospitality Group Pty Ltd v Australian Rugby Union Ltd (2001) 110 FCR 157 .............................. P.60 Hospitals of Ontario Pension Plan v Ontario Hospital Association [1991] PLR 125 .................... 28.200 Hotchin v New Zealand Guardian Trust Company Ltd [2016] 1 NZLR 906 ................. 14.130, 14.165 Hotline Communications Ltd v Hinkley (1999) 44 IPR 445 ...................................................... 31.135 Hotung v Ho [2002] 3 HKLRD 641 ............................................................................................ 21.45 Houghton v Immer (No 155) Pty Ltd (1997) 44 NSWLR 46 ............................................. 1.55, 10.60 Hourigan v Trustees Executors and Agency Co Ltd (1934) 51 CLR 619 ..................... 16.190, 20.120, 24.175, 30.15, 30.65 lxxxiii

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Equity and Trusts in Australia

House v Caffyn [1922] VLR 67 .................................................................................................. 26.55 Houston, Re [1954] QSR 130 .................................................................................................... 26.25 Hoverd Industries Ltd v Supercool Refrigeration and Air Conditioning (1991) Ltd (in rec and liq) [1995] 3 NZLR 577 .............................................................................. 30.105 Howard E Perry & Co Ltd v British Railways Board [1980] 1 WLR 1375 ........................ 33.45, 37.145 Howard v Commissioner of Taxation (2014) 253 CLR 83 ............................... 4.15, 4.30, 4.40, 4.130 Howard v Fanshawe [1895] 2 Ch 581 ....................................................................................... 11.95 Howard v Pickford Tools Co Ltd [1951] 1 KB 417 ...................................................................... 37.55 Howe v Dartmouth (1802) 7 Ves 137; 32 ER 56 ...................................................................... 22.155 Howell v Hyde (2003) 47 ACSR 230 .............................................................................. 18.45, 18.55 Howey, Re [1991] 2 NZLR 16 .................................................................................................. 29.220 Howey v Federal Commissioner of Taxation (1930) 44 CLR 289 .............................................. 27.130 Howlett, Re [1949] Ch 767 ....................................................................................................... 30.15 Hoystead v Federal Commissioner of Taxation (1920) 27 CLR 400 .......................................... 38.155 Hoystead v Federal Commissioner of Taxation (1921) 29 CLR 537 ............................................ 10.20 HP Mercantile Pty Ltd v Dierickx (2013) 306 ALR 53 ............................................................... 30.115 H's Estate, Re (1875) 1 Ch D 276 ............................................................................................ 36.115 Hubbard v Vosper [1972] 2 QB 84 ............................................................................................ 6.295 Hudson v Gray (1927) 39 CLR 473 ......................................................................................... 38.145 Hughes Aircraft Systems International v Airservices Australia (1997) 146 ALR 1 ........................... 4.15 Hughes v Fripp (1922) 30 CLR 508 ......................................................................................... 22.145 Hughes v Huppert [1991] 1 NZLR 474 ...................................................................................... 35.95 Hughes v Metropolitan Railway Co (1877) 2 App Cas 439 ........................................................ 10.75 Hughes v NM Superannuation Pty Ltd (1993) 29 NSWLR 653 .................................................. 24.10 Hughmans Solicitors v Central Stream Services Ltd [2013] WTLR 239 ......................................... 1.65 Huish, Re (1889) 43 Ch D 260 .................................................................................................. 15.30 Hume v Munro (No 2) (1943) 67 CLR 461 ............................................................................. 33.110 Hummeltenberg, Re [1923] 1 Ch 237 ....................................................................................... 29.60 Humphreys v Humphreys [2004] WTLR 1425 ........................................................................... 7.270 Humphris v Jenshol (1997) 160 ALR 107 ............................................................. 4.120, 32.65, 38.70 Hung v Warner [2013] FCAFC 48 .............................................................................................. 18.10 Hungerfords v Walker (1989) 171 CLR 125 .................................................................... 4.325, 34.60 Hungry Jacks Pty Ltd v Burger King Corp (1999) 30 ACSR 551 ............................................... 31.100 Hunt v A [2008] 1 NZLR 368 .................................................................................................... 6.255 Hunt v Kallinicos (2009) 14 BPR 27,001 .................................................................................... 13.65 Hunt v Silk (1804) 5 East 449; 102 ER 1142 .............................................................................. 35.10 Hunter BNZ Finance Ltd v C G Maloney Pty Ltd (1988) 18 NSWLR 420 .............. 35.75, 35.90, 35.95 Hunter (deceased), Re Estate of [1957] SASR 194 ................................................................... 23.170 Hunter Engineering Co v Syracuse Canada Ltd (1989) 57 DLR (4th) 321 ................................ 38.265 Hunter Region SLSA Helicopter Rescue Service Ltd v Attorney-​General (2013) 9 ASTLR 308 ...................................................................................................................... 29.365 Hunter v Attorney-​General [1899] AC 309 ................................................................... 29.45, 29.275 Hunter v Hunter [1938] NZLR 520 ................................................... 21.105, 21.115, 21.120, 21.130 Hunter v Moss [1994] 1 WLR 452 ............................................................................................. 17.90 Hunters Beach Investments Pty Ltd v Braams (2001) 38 ACSR 701 ........................................... 24.55 Hurley v McDonald's Australia Ltd (2000) ATPR ¶41–​741 .......................................................... 9.185 Huszar, Re Estate of [1999] NSWSC 388 ................................................................................... 37.80 Hutchison v Turnbull [2006] NSWSC 686 ............................................................................... 38.195 Huxtable, Re [1902] 2 Ch 793 .................................................................................................. 18.80 Huyton SA v Distribuidora Internacional De Productos Agricolas SA de CV [2003] 2 Lloyd's Rep 780 ................................................................................................................... 8.175 Hydro Electric Commission of Nepean v Ontario Hydro (1982) 132 DLR (3d) 193 .................... 8.110 Hyett v Stanley [2004] 1 FLR 394 ............................................................................................ 38.225 Hylton v Hylton (1754) 2 Ves Sen 547; 28 ER 349 ....................................................................... 7.30

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Table of Cases

Hyman v Permanent Trustee Company of New South Wales Ltd (1914) 14 SR (NSW) 348 ............................................................................................................... 25.150 Hyman v Rose [1912] AC 623 ...................................................................................... 11.05, 11.105

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I I F Asia Pacific Pty Ltd v Galbally (2003) 59 IPR 43 ...................................................................... 6.55 IAC (Finance) Pty Ltd v Courtenay (1963) 110 CLR 550 ..................................................... 2.30, 2.55 IAC (Leasing) Ltd v Humphrey (1972) 126 CLR 131 .................................................................. 13.80 Iambic Pty Ltd v Northwind Holdings Pty Ltd [2001] WASC 44 ............................................... 33.130 Iannello v Sharpe (2007) 69 NSWLR 452 .................................................................................. 11.70 Ibeneweka v Egbuna [1964] 1 WLR 219 .................................................................................... 37.15 ICI Australia Operations Pty Ltd v Trade Practices Commission (1992) 38 FCR 248 .................... 31.05 ICI New Zealand Ltd v Agnew [1998] 2 NZLR 129 .................................................................... 16.75 Ide v Ide (2004) 184 FLR 44 .................................................................................................... 36.125 Ideal Bedding Co Ltd v Holland [1907] 2 Ch 157 .................................................................... 37.155 Idlecroft Pty Ltd v Federal Commissioner of Taxation (2004) 56 ATR 699 ................................ 20.155 Idlecroft Pty Ltd v Federal Commissioner of Taxation (2005) 144 FCR 501 .............................. 20.155 Iffla v Beany (1861) 1 W & W (E) 110 ............................................................................ 21.55, 21.60 Igloo Homes Pty Ltd v Sammut Constructions Pty Ltd (2005) 61 ATR 593 .............................. 37.130 Ikbal v Sterling Law [2014] PNLR 9 ......................................................................................... 24.205 Ikeuchi v Liu (2001) 160 FLR 94 .................................................................................. 19.40, 30.175, 38.205, 38.250 Illingworth v Houldsworth [1904] AC 355 .................................................................................. 1.80 Illinois Central Railroad v Illinois (1892) 146 US 387 ................................................................... 5.05 Illuzzi v Edwards (1997) Q ConvR ¶54–​490 ................................................................................ 7.30 Imac Security Services Pty Ltd v Tyco Australia Pty Ltd [2002] VSC 592 ......... 31.105, 31.145, 31.155 Imerman v Tchenguiz [2011] Fam 116 ............................................................................ 6.95, 6.370 Immigration and Ethnic Affairs, Minister for v Kurtovic (1990) 21 FCR 193 ............................. 10.395 Immigration and Ethnic Affairs, Minister for v Polat (1995) 57 FCR 98 .................................... 10.395 Imobilari Pty Ltd v Opes Prime Stockbroking Ltd (2008) 252 ALR 41 ...................................... 38.105 Imperial Brothers Pty Ltd v Ronim [1999] 2 Qd R 172 ............................................................... 11.55 Imperial Foods Pension Scheme, Re [1986] 2 All ER 802 ......................................................... 28.200 Imperial Group Pension Trust Ltd v Imperial Tobacco Ltd [1991] 2 All ER 597 ............................................................................................. 28.145, 28.150, 28.155 Imperial Oil Ltd v Westlake Fuel Ltd (2001) 203 DLR (4th) 604 ................................................. 4.225 in de Braekt v Powell (2007) 33 WAR 389 ............................................................................... 38.255 Inca Ltd v Autoscript (New Zealand) Ltd [1979] 2 NZLR 700 ...................................................... 8.05 Income Tax Acts (No 1), Re [1930] VLR 211 .............................................................................. 29.60 Income Tax Special Purposes Commissioners v Pemsel [1891] AC 531 .................................... 29.185 Incorporated Council of Law Reporting (Qld) v Federal Commissioner of Taxation (1971) 125 CLR 659 ............................................................................................. 29.215, 29.280 Independent Newspapers Ltd v Australian Consolidated Press NZ Ltd [1996] 3 NZLR 722 ......................................................................................................................... 31.10 Independent Trustee Services Ltd v GP Noble Trustees Ltd [2013] Ch 91 ....................... 2.135, 39.20 Indopal Pty Ltd, Re (1987) 12 ACLR 54 ................................................................................... 23.130 Indrisie v General Credits Ltd [1985] VR 251 ........................................................................... 30.110 Industrial Development Consultants Ltd v Cooley [1972] 2 All ER 162 ........................................ 4.90 Industrial Furnaces Ltd v Reaves [1970] RPC 605 ...................................................................... 6.370 Inetstore Corporation Pty Ltd (in liq) v Southern Matrix International Pty Ltd (2005) 221 ALR 179 ........................................................................................................... 1.105, 31.135 ING Bank (Australia) Ltd v O'Shea (2010) 14 BPR 27,317 .......................................................... 11.05 Inglis v Moore (1979) 24 ALR 411 ............................................................................................ 37.10 Ingram (deceased), Re [1951] VLR 424 ...................................................................... 29.220, 29.300

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Equity and Trusts in Australia

Ingram v Ingram [1941] VLR 95 ................................................................................... 14.170, 26.85 Initial Services Ltd v Putterill [1968] 1 QB 396 ............................................................... 6.280, 6.300 Inkhorn Pty Ltd v Herbert [2000] WASCA 333 ................................................................ 36.60, 36.70 Inland Revenue, Commissioner of v Medical Council of New Zealand [1997] 2 NZLR 297 ....................................................................................................................... 29.285 Inland Revenue, Commissioner of v New Zealand Council of Law Reporting [1981] 1 NZLR 682 ....................................................................................................................... 29.280 Inland Revenue, Commissioner of v Newmarket Trustees Ltd [2012] 3 NZLR 207 ................... 21.125 Inland Revenue, Commissioners of v Yorkshire Agricultural Society [1928] 1 KB 611 ............... 29.235 Inland Revenue Commissioners v Baddeley [1955] AC 572 ........................... 29.115, 29.260, 29.265 Inland Revenue Commissioners v Bernstein [1961] 1 All ER 320 ................................................ 23.20 Inland Revenue Commissioners v Broadway Cottages Trust [1950] Ch 20 ............................... 17.100 Inland Revenue Commissioners v City of Glasgow Police Athletic Association [1953] AC 380 ................................................................................................................... 29.50, 29.280 Inland Revenue Commissioners v McMullen [1981] AC 1 ............................. 29.140, 29.145, 29.260 Inland Revenue Commissioners v Morris [1958] NZLR 1126 ................................................... 30.145 Inland Revenue Commissioners v Silverts Ltd [1951] 1 All ER 703 ............................................. 21.40 Inman (deceased), Re [1965] VR 238 ............................................................... 19.95, 29.25, 29.130, 29.220, 29.300 Instant Rewards Pty Ltd v Baker Motors Pty Ltd [2003] NSWSC 312 ....................................... 31.145 Instyle Contract Textiles Pty Ltd v Good Environmental Choice Services Pty Ltd (No 2) [2010] FCA 38 .......................................................................................................... 31.90 Insurance Commission of Western Australia v Kightly (2005) 30 WAR 380 ..................... 14.30, 14.35 Insurance Corporation of British Columbia v Lo (2006) 278 DLR (4th) 148 ............................... 38.45 Intagro Projects Pty Ltd v Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Ltd (2004) 183 FLR 462 ........................................................................................................................ 27.40 Integral Home Loans Pty Ltd v Interstar Wholesale Finance Pty Ltd (2007) Aust Contract Rep 90-​261 ........................................................................................................... 13.55 Intellectual Property Development Corp Pty Ltd v Primary Distributors New Zealand Ltd (2008) 77 IPR 215 ....................................................................................................... 34.155 Interest Research Bureau Pty Ltd v Interest Recount Pty Ltd (1997) 38 IPR 468 ....................... 32.150 Interfirm Comparison (Australia) Pty Ltd v Law Society of New South Wales [1975] 2 NSWLR 104 .................................................................................................................. 6.10, 6.80 International Advisor Systems Pty Ltd v XYYX Pty Ltd [2008] NSWSC 2 ................................... 33.170 International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers, Local Union 2085 v Winnipeg Builders' Exchange (1967) 65 DLR (2d) 242 ......................................................................... 31.45 International Business College Pty Ltd v Alphacrucis College Ltd [2009] NSWSC 1088 .......................................................................................................... 11.95, 11.120 International Entertainment New Zealand (No 2) Ltd v Lewis (1998) 42 IPR 162 ........................................................................................ 6.55, 6.180, 32.155, 32.160 International Finance Trust Co Ltd v New South Wales Crime Commission (2009) 240 CLR 319 ....................................................................................................................... 31.80 International Harvester Export Co v International Harvester Australia Ltd [1983] 1 VR 539 ........................................................................................................................... 36.105 International Investment Unit Trust, Re [2005] 1 NZLR 270 ......................................... 39.90, 39.110 International Leasing Corp (Vic) Ltd v Aiken [1967] 2 NSWR 427 ................................................ 3.35 International Tools Ltd v Kollar (1968) 67 DLR (2d) 386 .............................................................. 6.85 Interstar Wholesale Finance Pty Ltd v Integral Home Loans Pty Ltd (2008) 257 ALR 292 .................................................................................................. 13.15, 13.55, 13.95 Interstate Investment Company Ltd v Mobbs (1928) 28 SR (NSW) 572 ...................................... 3.35 Interview Holdings Pty Ltd v Registrar of Titles [2008] WASC 144 ........................................... 20.110 Interwest Hotels Pty Ltd (in liq), Re (1993) 12 ACSR 78 ............................................................ 27.25 Invensys Australia Superannuation Fund Pty Ltd v Austrac Investments Ltd (2006) 15 VR 87 ................................................................................................... 28.80, 28.175, 28.205 Investa Properties Ltd, Re (2001) 187 ALR 462 ............................................................ 22.25, 24.200, 24.210, 24.215 lxxxvi

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Table of Cases

Investec Bank (Australia) Ltd v Glodale Pty Ltd (2009) 24 VR 617 ............................................. 36.60 Investment Trust Companies v Revenue and Customs Commissioners [2018] AC 275 ............... 8.120 IOOF Australia Trustee Ltd v Oxenham [1999] ANZ Conv R 113 ............................................... 7.180 IOOF Australia Trustees Ltd, Re (1999) 75 SASR 290 ............................................................... 23.180 IPC Global Pty Ltd v Pavetest Pty Ltd (2017) 122 IPR 445 ........................................................... 6.25 Iraqi Ministry of Defence v Arcepey Shipping Co SA [1981] QB 65 ................................ 32.35, 32.85 Ireland v Retallack (2012) 8 ASTLR 431 ................................................................................... 23.175 Irvine v Australian Sharetrading and Underwriting Ltd (in liq) (1996) 22 ACSR 765 ................ 24.125 Irvine v Scaysbrook [2005] NSWSC 565 ..................................................................... 38.215, 38.230 Irving v Emu & Prospect Gravel & Road Metal Co Ltd (1909) 26 WN (NSW) 137 ..................... 31.50 Irving v Irving (1901) 18 WN (NSW) 63 .................................................................................. 22.110 Iscorp Investments Pty Ltd v Yohana [2011] NSWSC 1387 ...................................................... 23.120 Island Records Ltd v Tring International plc [1996] 1 WLR 1256 .............................................. 34.150 ISPT Nominees Pty Ltd v Chief Commissioner of State Revenue (2003) 12 BPR 22,941 ............................................................................................................. 21.45, P.90 Israel v Foreshore Properties Pty Ltd (in liq) (1980) 54 ALJR 421 ................................................ 14.70 Issa v Berisha [1981] 1 NSWLR 261 ........................................................................................... 37.65 Item Software (UK) Ltd v Fassihi [2005] 2 BCLC 91 ..................................................................... 4.20 Ivan v Rusec [2016] WASC 70 ................................................................................................. 30.150 Ivanfy, Marriage of (1978) FLC ¶90–​512 ................................................................................. 19.160

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J J & F Stone Lighting and Radio Ltd v Levitt [1947] AC 209 ..................................................... 10.365 J & H Just (Holdings) Pty Ltd v Bank of New South Wales (1971) 125 CLR 546 ........................... 2.40 J & S Holdings Pty Ltd v NRMA Insurance Ltd (1982) 41 ALR 539 ................... 30.85, 30.110, 30.115 J Aron & Co v Newmont Yandal Operations Pty Ltd (2003) 47 ACSR 243 ............................... 31.135 J C Williamson Ltd v Lukey and Mulholland (1931) 45 CLR 282 ......................... 12.05, 12.15, 31.55, 33.05, 33.90, 33.110 J D & K J Zohs Properties Pty Ltd v Ferme [2015] SASC 55 ........................................................ 24.55 J S Mitchell's Trusts, Re (1900) 17 WN (NSW) 164 .................................................................... 21.80 J v J [2013] NZHC 1512 ............................................................................................................ 4.310 J W Broomhead (Vic) Pty Ltd v J W Broomhead Pty Ltd [1985] VR 891 ............... 20.75, 20.85, 21.90, 23.140, 27.50 JA Pty Ltd v Jonco Holdings Pty Ltd (2000) 33 ACSR 691 ........................................... 23.135, 23.155 Jackson, Re [1930] 2 Ch 389 ................................................................................................... 29.185 Jackson, Re [1944] SASR 82 .................................................................................................... 23.170 Jackson, Re Will of [1964–​65] NSWR 1279 .............................................................................. 22.110 Jackson v Crosby (No 2) (1979) 21 SASR 280 ................................................................ 1.130, 10.60 Jackson v Finance Corporation of Washington (1930) 41 F 2d 103 ......................................... 14.225 Jackson v Phillips (1867) 96 Mass 539 ..................................................................................... 29.100 Jackson v Richards (2005) 12 BPR 23,091 ................................................................................... 1.65 Jackson v Rowe (1826) 2 Sim & St 472; 57 ER 427 ................................................................... 2.125 Jackson v Sterling Industries Ltd (1987) 162 CLR 612 ............................ 32.30, 32.40, 32.50, 32.135 Jacobs v Platt Nominees Pty Ltd [1990] VR 146 ................................................................. 2.40, 2.50 JAD International Pty Ltd v International Trucks Australia Ltd (1994) 50 FCR 378 ......................................................................................................................... 35.40 Jaggard v Sawyer [1995] 1 WLR 269 .................................................................. 34.65, 34.75, 34.80, 34.105, 34.115 Jahnsen v Jahnsen [2002] NSWSC 995 ......................................................................... 18.30, 38.220 Jakudo Pty Ltd v South Australian Telecasters Ltd (1997) 69 SASR 440 .................................... 31.180 Jalmoon Pty Ltd (in liq) v Bow [1997] 2 Qd R 62 ............................................. 17.40, 24.200, 24.205 Jam Factory Ltd v Sunny Paradise Pty Ltd [1989] VR 584 .......................................................... 11.90 James (deceased), Re [1949] SASR 143 ...................................................................... 22.100, 22.110 James, Ex parte (1803) 8 Ves 337; 32 ER 385 .......................................................................... 22.100 lxxxvii Gino, Dal Pont. Equity and Trusts in Australia, Thomson Reuters (Professional) Australia Pty Limited, 2018. ProQuest Ebook Central, http://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/usyd/detail.action?docID=5602215. Created from usyd on 2019-07-06 20:28:14.

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Equity and Trusts in Australia

James Miller Holdings Ltd v Graham (1978) 3 ACLR 604 ......................................................... 36.105 James N Kirby Foundation Ltd v Attorney-​General (NSW) (2004) 62 NSWLR 276 .......... 25.45, 25.55 James Roscoe (Bolton) Ltd v Winder [1915] 1 Ch 62 ................................................................. 39.65 James Talcott Ltd v John Lewis & Co Ltd [1940] 3 All ER 592 ...................................................... 3.50 James v ANZ Banking Group Ltd (1986) 64 ALR 347 ................................................................ 7.150 James v Bank of Western Australia Ltd (2004) 51 ACSR 325 ...................................................... 36.40 James v Commercial Bank of Australia (1992) 37 FCR 445 ...................................................... 30.110 James v Douglas [2016] NSWCA 178 ........................................................................................ 21.55 James v Hill [2004] NSWCA 301 ............................................................................................... 11.60 James v James [2018] WTLR 1313 ................................................................................ 10.70, 10.235 Janesland Holdings Pty Ltd v Simon [2000] ANZ Conv R 111 ......................................... 9.110, 9.115 Jankowski v Pelek Estate (1996) 131 DLR (4th) 717 ........................................................ 18.55, 18.65 Janney v Steller Works Pty Ltd [2017] VSC 363 ......................................................................... 34.95 Jansen v Thornton (1996) 132 FLR 255 ...................................................................... 14.190, 14.200 Janson v Janson [2007] NSWSC 1344 ....................................................................................... 7.130 Jarvis (deceased), Re [1958] 1 WLR 815 ......................................................................... 30.75, 38.30 JC Techforce Pty Ltd v Pearce (1996) 138 ALR 522 ..................................................... 32.165, 32.185 Je Maintiendrai Pty Ltd v Quaglia (1980) 26 SASR 101 ..................... 10.220, 10.230, 10.290, 10.295 Jeffery and Corrections Victoria, Re (2004) 21 VAR 196 ............................................................... 6.80 Jeffery, Re [1951] SASR 237 ....................................................................................................... 18.65 Jenkin, Re [1932] VLR 314 ....................................................................................................... 21.145 Jenkins v Brahe & Gair (1902) 27 VLR 643 ................................................................. 14.215, 14.225 Jenkins v Ellett [2007] QSC 154 ................................................................................................ 25.20 Jenkins v Wynen [1992] 1 Qd R 40 ................................................................. 26.55, 26.125, 26.130 Jenner v Turner (1880) 16 Ch D 188 ......................................................................................... 19.65 Jennings v Credit Corp Australia Pty Ltd (2000) 48 NSWLR 709 ..................................... 3.125, 3.135 Jennings v Rice [2003] 1 P & CR 100 ................................................... 10.60, 10.235, 10.270, 12.20 Jensen, Re [1992] 2 NZLR 506 .................................................................................................. 37.80 Jensen v Brisbane City Council [2006] 2 Qd R 20 .................................................................... 29.175 Jenyns v Public Curator (Qld) (1953) 90 CLR 113 .................................................... 7.35, 7.70, P.145 Jeogla Pty Ltd v Australia & New Zealand Banking Group Ltd (1999) 150 FLR 359 .................................................................................................. 36.25, 36.50, 36.60 Jeppesons Road Pty Ltd v Di Domenico (2005) Q ConvR ¶54–​620 .................... 11.15, 11.55, 33.150 Jeppesons Road Pty Ltd v Di Domenico [2005] QCA 391 ........................................................ 33.150 Jerambak Holdings Pty Ltd v Austral-​Asean Pty Ltd (2005) 147 NTR 1 ..................................... 38.250 Jericho v Guglielmin [1938] SASR 292 .................................................................................... 33.145 Jerome v Kelly [2004] 1 WLR 1409 .......................................................................................... 38.155 Jessica Estates Pty Ltd v Lennard (2007) 13 BPR 25,297 ............................................................ 31.70 Jessica Holdings Pty Ltd v Anglican Property Trust Diocese of Sydney (1992) 27 NSWLR 140 .................................................................................................................. 38.155 Jessup v Lawyers Private Mortgages Ltd [2006] QCA 432 .......................................................... 21.45 Jessup v Lawyers Private Mortgages Ltd [2006] QSC 3 .............................................................. 21.45 Jessup v Queensland Housing Commission [2002] 2 Qd R 270 ....................... 16.110, 23.155, 27.95 Jeune v Queens Cross Properties Ltd [1974] Ch 97 ................................................................... 33.40 Jirna Ltd v Mister Donut of Canada Ltd (1973) 40 DLR (3d) 303 ............................................... 4.270 JJedda Investments Pty Ltd v Krambousanos (1997) 72 FCR 138 ................................................. 9.90 J(LA) v J(H) (1993) 102 DLR (4th) 177 ...................................................................................... 4.305 JN Taylor Holdings Ltd (in liq) v Bond (1993) 59 SASR 432 ....................................................... 37.15 Joachimson v Swiss Bank Corporation [1921] 3 KB 110 ............................................................ 4.250 Joaquin v Hall [1976] VR 788 .................................................................................................... 26.55 Jobson v Beckingham (1983) 9 Fam LR 169 ............................................................... 26.115, 26.125 Jobson v Johnson [1989] 1 WLR 1026 ................................................................. 11.10, 13.05, 13.95 Jockey Club v Buffham [2003] QB 462 ................................................................ 6.240, 6.245, 6.300 John Alexander's Clubs Pty Ltd v White City Tennis Club Ltd (2010) 241 CLR 1 ......................................................................................... 4.265, 10.250, 38.10, P.190 lxxxviii

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Table of Cases

John Edwards & Co v Motor Union Insurance Co Ltd [1922] 2 KB 249 .............. 14.20, 14.30, 14.35, 14.40, 14.50, 14.55 John R Ring Pty Ltd v Commissioner of Office of Consumer and Business Affairs (2009) 104 SASR 145 .......................................................................................................... 37.10 John XXIII College v Commissioner for ACT Revenue [2016] ACAT 152 .................................. 29.145 John Zink & Co Ltd v Wilkinson [1973] RPC 717 ....................................................................... 6.215 Johnco Nominees Pty Ltd v Albury-​Wodonga (New South Wales) Corporation [1977] 1 NSWLR 43 ............................................. 37.10, 37.15, 37.25, 37.50, 37.55 Johns v Australian Securities Commission (1993) 178 CLR 408 ...................... 6.05, 6.25, 6.80, 6.250 Johns v Johns [2004] 3 NZLR 202 ................................................................... 20.125, 24.190, 30.40 Johnson, Marriage of (2000) 155 FLR 44 ................................................................................. 19.155 Johnson Matthey Ltd v A C Rochester Overseas Corporation (1990) 23 NSWLR 190 ............... 10.200 Johnson, Re (1880) 15 Ch D 548 ............................................................................................ 23.130 Johnson v Agnew [1980] AC 367 ............................................................................... 34.105, 34.120 Johnson v Australian Guarantee Corporation Ltd (1992) 59 SASR 382 ........................... 14.70, 14.75 Johnson v Buttress (1936) 56 CLR 113 ..................................................................... 7.30, 7.35, 7.45, 7.55, 7.70, P.145 Johnson v Gore Wood [2002] 2 AC 1 ...................................................................................... 10.100 Johnson v Perez (1988) 166 CLR 351 ...................................................................................... 34.120 Johnson v Salvage Association (1887) 19 QBD 458 ................................................................. 23.120 Johnson v Smith [2010] NSWCA 306 ............................................................................. 9.120, 9.125 Johnson v Trotter (2006) 12 BPR 23,339 .................................................................... 16.200, 16.205 Johnson's Will Trusts, Re [1967] 1 All ER 553 ............................................................................. 19.60 Johnston v Johnston (1903) 4 SR (NSW) 8 ................................................................................ 22.90 Johnston v Maclarn [2002] NSWSC 97 ..................................................................................... 15.60 Johnstone v Commerce Consolidated Pty Ltd [1976] VR 463 .......................... 37.95, 37.100, 37.125 Johnstone v Haviland [1896] AC 95 .......................................................................................... 15.10 Johnstone v Johnstone (1902) 2 SR (NSW) Eq 90 ...................................................................... 21.80 Joliffe v Baker (1883) 11 QBD 255 .......................................................................................... 24.185 Jolly v Palmer [1985] 1 NZLR 658 ............................................................................................. 35.85 Jones (liquidator) v Matrix Partners Pty Ltd (2018) 124 ACSR 568; 354 ALR 436 ............ 16.05, 27.30 Jones, Re [1893] 2 Ch 461 ........................................................................................................... P.75 Jones, Re [1907] SALR 190 ......................................................................................... 29.170, 29.330 Jones, Re [1917] QSR 74 ........................................................................................................... 23.85 Jones v AMP Perpetual Trustee Company NZ Ltd [1994] 1 NZLR 690 ................ 22.25, 22.55, 22.70, 24.205, 24.210 Jones v Baker (2002) 10 BPR 19,115 ......................................................................................... 12.05 Jones v Daniel (2004) 141 FCR 148 .......................................................................................... 1.130 Jones v Humphreys [1902] 1 KB 10 ............................................................................................. 3.35 Jones v IOS (RUK) Ltd (in members’ vol liq) [2012] EWHC 348 ................................................. 6.210 Jones v Kernott [2010] 1 All ER 947 ........................................................................................ 38.245 Jones v Kernott [2010] 1 WLR 2401 ........................................................................... 38.230, 38.245 Jones v Kernott [2012] 1 AC 776 ............................................................................... 38.235, 38.245 Jones v Krawczyk (2011) 7 ASTLR 104 ...................................................................................... 19.60 Jones v Lock (1865) 1 Ch App 25 ............................................................................................ 18.105 Jones v Maynard [1951] Ch 572 ............................................................................................. 26.125 Jones v McQuilkin [2006] NSWSC 628 .................................................................................... 38.250 Jones v Mortgage Acceptance Nominees Ltd (1996) 63 FCR 418 ............................................ 14.165 Jones v Narrogin Beef Producers Pty Ltd (receivers and managers appointed) [2010] WASC 365 ........................................................................................................................... 36.75 Jones v Parkinson [1952] NZLR 89 ............................................................................................ 26.60 Jones v Peters [1948] VLR 331 ................................................................................................... 12.80 Jones v Southall & Bourke Pty Ltd (2004) 3 ABC (NS) 1 ................................................. 39.20, 39.30 Jones v Tsige (2012) 108 OR (3d) 241 ...................................................................................... 6.135 Jonsue Investments Pty Ltd v Balweb Pty Ltd (2013) 9 ASTLR 460 ........................................... 20.110 lxxxix

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Equity and Trusts in Australia

Jonton Pty Ltd, Re [1992] 2 Qd R 105 ..................................................................................... 38.250 Jorden v Money (1854) 5 HLC 185; 10 ER 868 ......................................................................... 10.50 Joscelyne, Re [1963] Tas SR 4 ....................................................................................... 39.65, 39.100 Joscelyne v Nissen [1970] 2 QB 86 ....................................................... 37.90, 37.95, 37.100, 37.105 Joseph Lynch Land Co Ltd v Lynch [1995] 1 NZLR 37 .................................................... 10.20, 10.25 Joseph Rowntree Memorial Trust Housing Association Ltd v Attorney-​General [1983] 1 Ch 159 ........................................................................................................................... 29.115 Joseph v Lyons (1884) 15 QBD 280 .......................................................................................... 3.105 Jostens Canada Ltd v Gibsons Studios Ltd (1999) 174 DLR (4th) 351 ........................................ 34.55 Jovanovic v Commonwealth Bank of Australia (2004) 87 SASR 570 ........................................... 36.60 Joy, Re (1888) 60 LT 175 ........................................................................................................ 29.200 Joyce v Ashfield Municipal Council [1975] 1 NSWLR 744 ........................................................ 29.200 JSC BTA Bank v Ablyazov (No 10) [2014] 1 WLR 1414 .............................................................. 32.75 JSC BTA Bank v Solodchenko [2011] 1 WLR 888 ..................................................................... 32.105 JTA Le Roux Pty Ltd v Lawson (No 2) [2013] WASC 373 .......................................................... 31.145 Judicial Advice Re Estate Late Chow Cho-​Poon, Re Application for [2013] NSWSC 844 ....................................................................................................................... 23.170 Just Juice Corporation Pty Ltd, Re (1992) 109 ALR 334 .............................................. 30.105, 30.110 Juul v Northey [2010] NSWCA 211 ......................................................................................... 16.195

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K K & S Corporation Ltd v Sportingbet Australia (2003) 86 SASR 312 .......................................... 38.80 K B Docker, Re (1938) 10 ABC 198 ............................................................................................. 3.45 K v K [1976] 2 NZLR 31 ................................................................................................. 7.75, 33.145 Kaikoura County v Boyd [1949] NZLR 233 .............................................................................. 29.230 Kain v Hutton [2001] BCL 304 ................................................................................................ 21.100 Kain v Hutton [2002] BCL 813 ................................................................................................ 21.100 Kain v Hutton [2008] 3 NZLR 589 .................................................................. 8.50, 8.55, 8.65, 8.70, 16.175, 20.155, 23.115 Kais v Turvey (1994) 11 WAR 357; 17 Fam LR 498 ........................................ 26.125, 38.185, 38.270 Kakavas v Crown Melbourne Ltd (2013) 250 CLR 392 ............................................ 9.05, 9.80, 9.145 Kallinicos v Hunt (2005) 64 NSWLR 561 ................................................................................... 4.155 Kalmac Property Consultants Ltd v Delicious Foods Ltd [1974] 2 NZLR 631 .............................. 31.20 Kalnenas v Kovacevich [1961] WAR 188 ................................................................................... 12.75 Kambouris v Tahmazis [2012] VSC 432 ................................................................................... 20.125 Kane v Radley-​Kane [1998] 3 WLR 617 ........................................................................ 22.95, 22.110 Kapoor v National Westminster Bank plc [2012] 1 All ER 1201 .................................................. 3.125 Karadimas v H & P Solopitias Pty Ltd (2001) V ConvR ¶54–​638 ..................................... 32.50, 32.65 Karafotias v Karafotias (2003) 84 SASR 578 ............................................................................. 30.155 Karaguleski v Vasil Bros & Co Pty Ltd [1981] 1 NSWLR 267 ..................................................... 31.165 Karam v ANZ Banking Group Ltd [2001] NSWSC 709 ............................................................ 30.155 Karastamatis v Tzanavaras [2013] SASC 163 ........................................................................... 16.160 Karfoal Pty Ltd v Lorence (2002) 11 BPR 20,129 ....................................................................... 11.75 Karger v Paul [1984] VR 161 .......................................................................... 20.120, 20.130, 23.30, 23.35, 23.40, 23.70, 28.160 Karingal 2 Holdings Pty Ltd v Commissioner of State Revenue (2002) 51 ATR 190 .................. 23.125 Karl Suleman Enterprizes Pty Ltd (in liq) v Babanour (2004) 49 ACSR 612 ............................... 30.175 Karsten (deceased), Re [1953] NZLR 456 ....................................................................... 18.65, 18.80 Kasumu v Baba-​Egbe [1956] AC 539 ...................................................................................... 37.170 Katingal Pty Ltd v Amor (1999) 30 ACSR 545 ......................................................................... 38.265 Kation Pty Ltd v Lamru Pty Ltd (2009) 257 ALR 336 ............................................................... 30.175 Kauter v Hilton (1953) 90 CLR 86 ........................................................ 17.15, 18.10, 18.105, 26.115 Kay, Re [1927] VLR 66 ............................................................................................................... 21.80 Kay v Australian Securities and Investments Commission (2002) 43 ACSR 229 ........................ 28.240 xc Gino, Dal Pont. Equity and Trusts in Australia, Thomson Reuters (Professional) Australia Pty Limited, 2018. ProQuest Ebook Central, http://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/usyd/detail.action?docID=5602215. Created from usyd on 2019-07-06 20:28:14.

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Table of Cases

Kayford Ltd (in liq), Re [1975] 1 WLR 279 ......................................................... 16.115, 27.20, 27.70 Kazar v Filaria Pty Ltd [2004] ACTSC 124 .................................................................................. 22.90 KCA Super Pty Ltd (No 2), Re [2011] NSWSC 1301 ................................................................ 28.155 Kearins v Kearins (1957) 57 SR (NSW) 286 ............................................................................. 29.260 Kearney, Re (1908) 8 SR (NSW) 87 ........................................................................................... 24.65 Kearns v Hill (1990) 21 NSWLR 107 .......................................................................................... 25.10 Kearns v Leaf (1864) 1 Hem & M 681; 71 ER 299 ..................................................................... 36.90 Keech v Sandford (1726) Sel Cas T King 61; 25 ER 223 .................................................... 4.80, 4.205 Keefe v Law Society of New South Wales (1998) 44 NSWLR 451 ............................................ 39.105 Keeler's Settlement Trusts, Re [1981] Ch 156 ............................................................................ 22.90 Keen, Re [1937] Ch 236 ................................................................................................ 18.65, 18.80 Keewatin Tribal Council Inc v Thompson (City) (1989) 61 Man R 241 .................................... 17.160 Keith Henry & Co Pty Ltd v Stuart Walker & Co Pty Ltd (1958) 100 CLR 342 ................... 4.80, 4.265 Kelcey, Re [1899] 2 Ch 530 ........................................................................................................ 1.65 Kell & Rigby Pty Ltd v Flurrie Pty Ltd (2006) 67 NSWLR 113 ................................................... 10.370 Kellas-​Sharpe v PSAL Ltd [2012] QCA 371 ............................................... 9.140, 9.195, 13.55, 13.80 Kelly v Bruce [1907] SALR 174 .................................................................................................. 20.30 Kelly v C A & L Bell Commodities Corp (1989) 18 NSWLR 248 ........................................ 4.30, 4.275 Kelly v Commissioner of Inland Revenue [1970] NZLR 161 ....................................................... 3.150 Kelly v Commissioner of Taxation (2012) 88 ATR 409 ............................................................... 18.10 Kelly v Commissioner of Taxation (2013) 213 FCR 460 ............................................................. 18.10 Kelly v Cooper [1993] AC 205 .................................................................................................. 4.185 Kelly v Kelly [2007] NSWSC 1076 ........................................................................................... 16.205 Kelly v Ollis (2003) 11 BPR 21,267 .......................................................................................... 37.135 Kelly v Price-​Williams (1982) 8 Fam LR 665 ............................................................................. 38.215 Kemtron Industries Pty Ltd v Commissioner of Stamp Duties (Qld) [1984] 1 Qd R 576 .............................................................................................. 23.125, 23.130, 23.155 Kendall, Ex parte (1811) 17 Ves 514; 34 ER 199 ..................................................................... 14.245 Kennaway v Thompson [1981] QB 88 ...................................................................................... 34.80 Kennedy v De Trafford [1897] AC 180 ...................................................................................... 36.50 Kennedy v Green (1834) 3 My & K 699; 40 ER 266 .................................................................. 2.130 Kennedy v Kennedy [2011] NSWSC 1619 ................................................................................. 21.80 Kennon v Spry (2008) 238 CLR 366 .............................................................. 19.170, 20.135, 20.140 Kenny, Re (1907) 97 LT 130 ................................................................................................... 29.190 Kenny v Fenton [1971] NZLR 1 ......................................................................... 35.15, 35.90, 35.100 Kent v SS “Maria Luisa” (No 2) (2003) 130 FCR 12 .......................................... 1.10, 20.100, 20.105, 20.115, 25.135 Kern Corporation Ltd v Walter Reid Trading Pty Ltd (1987) 163 CLR 164 ................................ 38.155 Kerr, Re (1904) 24 NZLR 1 ...................................................................................................... 24.165 Kerr v Baranow [2011] 1 SCR 269 ........................................................................................... 38.230 Kerr v British Leyland (Staff) Trustees Ltd [2001] WTLR 1071 ..................................................... 23.50 Kerr v West Australian Trustee Executor & Agency Co Ltd (1937) 39 WALR 34 .......................... 7.115 Kerrigan, Re (1946) 47 SR (NSW) 76 ...................................................................................... 26.115 Kestrel Coal Pty Ltd v Construction, Forestry, Mining and Energy Union [2001] 1 Qd R 634 ........................................................................................................................ 31.190 Ketchum International Plc v Group Public Relations Holdings Ltd [1996] 4 All ER 374 ............... 32.45 Kettles and Gas Appliances Ltd v Anthony Hordern and Sons Ltd (1934) 35 SR (NSW) 108 ............................................................................................................... 30.180 Kettlewell v Watson (1882) 21 Ch D 685 ........................................................................... 8.35, 8.45 Kettlewell v Watson (1884) 26 Ch D 501 ........................................................................... 1.95, 8.45 Keys v Keys (1898) 20 ALT 7 ................................................................................................... 22.180 Keysborough Blue Danube Soccer Club, Re [2003] VSC 119 .......................................... 25.60, 25.65 KGL Health Pty Ltd v Mechtler [2007] FCA 1410 ...................................................................... 32.40 Khan v Khan (2004) 62 NSWLR 229 ..................................................................... 7.30, 7.160, 12.60 Khoo Tek Keong v Ch'ng Joo Tuan Neoh [1934] AC 529 ......................................................... 24.215 xci

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Equity and Trusts in Australia

Khoury v Khouri (2006) 66 NSWLR 241 ................................................... 12.05, 12.25, 12.80, 18.10 Khyentse v Hope [2007] 1 NZLR 645 ...................................................................................... 21.100 Kidner v Secretary, Department of Social Security (1993) 31 ALD 63 ...................................... 38.250 Kidney v Coussmaker (1806) 12 Ves 136; 33 ER 53 ................................................................. 15.105 Kilmer v British Columbia Orchard Lands Ltd [1913] AC 319 .................................................... 11.20 Kilmore, Shire of v Dally [1989] VR 314 .................................................................................. 10.395 Kilpin v Kilpin (1834) 1 My & K 520; 39 ER 777 ..................................................................... 26.135 King Investment Solutions Pty Ltd v Hussain (2005) 64 NSWLR 441 ................... 1.155, 13.55, 13.80 King, Re (1902) 29 VLR 793 ...................................................................................................... 22.40 King, Re [1923] 1 Ch 243 ....................................................................................................... 29.340 King v Berndt (1902) 27 VLR 519 ............................................................................................. 23.95 King v Poggioli (1923) 32 CLR 222 .............................................................................. 33.150, 34.75 King v Victoria Insurance Co Ltd [1896] AC 250 ............................................................ 14.35, 14.40 Kingswood Estate Co Ltd v Anderson [1963] 2 QB 169 .................................................. 12.45, 12.75 Kinloch v Secretary of State for India in Council (1882) 7 App Cas 619 ............................ 5.35, 16.45 Kinsela v Caldwell (1975) 132 CLR 458 ................................................................................... 17.100 Kintominas v Secretary, Department of Social Security (1991) 103 ALR 82 ..................... 1.130, 10.60 Kirby v Wilkins [1929] 2 Ch 444 ............................................................................................... 21.45 Kiriri Cotton Co Ltd v Dewani [1960] AC 192 ........................................................................... 8.105 Kirk v Ashdown [1998] ANZ Conv R 57 .................................................................................... 11.50 Kirk v Eddowes (1844) 3 Hare 509; 67 ER 482 .......................................................................... 15.75 Kirwan v Kirwan (1836) Donnelly 71; 47 ER 233 ....................................................................... 36.90 Kissock, Re (1910) 7 Tas LR 21 .................................................................................................. 21.80 Kiwi Packaging Ltd v Isaac (2000) 6 NZBLC 102,985 ................................................................ 16.75 K(K) v G(KW) (2008) 90 OR (3d) 481 ....................................................................................... 4.305 KL Tractors Ltd, Re [1954] VLR 505 .............................................................................. 30.85, 30.105 KLDE Pty Ltd v Commissioner of Stamp Duties (Qld) (1984) 155 CLR 288 ................. 35.155, 38.155 Klein v Botsman [2003] TASSC 106 ........................................................................................... 32.65 Kleinwort Benson Ltd v Lincoln City Council [1999] 2 AC 349 ........................... 8.105, 8.110, 8.115, 8.125, 8.130, 8.140 Klissers Farmhouse Bakeries Ltd v Harvest Bakeries Ltd [1985] 2 NZLR 129 ............................... 31.95 Klug v Klug [1918] 2 Ch 67 .................................................................................................... 23.115 KMA Corporation Pty Ltd v G & F Productions Pty Ltd (1997) 38 IPR 243 ............................... 10.155 Kneipp v Annunaka Pty Ltd [2015] QSC 359 ............................................................................. 21.55 Knight v Biss [1954] NZLR 535 ............................................................................................... 26.135 Knight v Knight (1840) 3 Beav 148; 49 ER 58 ........................................................................... 17.05 Knight v Knight (1987) 90 FLR 313 ......................................................................................... 19.170 Knocker v Youle [1986] 1 WLR 934 ........................................................................................... 25.65 Knowles v John Bennett (1895) 12 RPC 137 ........................................................................... 37.175 Knox v Gye (1872) LR 5 HL 656 ................................................................................................ 30.40 Knox v Mackinnon (1888) 13 App Cas 753 ............................................................................ 24.145 Koadlow v Park [2004] VSC 471 ............................................................................................. 31.145 Koczorowski, Re [1974] Qd R 177 ............................................................................................. 23.75 Koeppler Will Trusts, Re [1986] 1 Ch 423 ................................................................................ 17.170 Koettgen's Will Trusts, Re [1954] Ch 252 ..................................................................... 29.70, 29.155 Kofoo Sussex Pty Ltd v Commerce Building Pty Ltd (2014) 17 BPR 33,147 ............................... 11.95 Koh v Chan (1997) 139 FLR 410 .................................................................................... 19.40, 26.45 Kok Hoong v Leong Cheong Kweng Mines Ltd [1964] AC 993 ............................................... 10.360 Kokotovich Constructions Pty Ltd v Wallington (1995) 17 ACSR 478 ...................................... 38.195 Kolback Securities Ltd v Epoch Mining NL (1987) 8 NSWLR 533 ............................................. 31.165 Kolb's Will Trusts, Re [1962] Ch 531 .......................................................................................... 17.80 Koo v Hing (1992) 23 IPR 607 .................................................................................................. 6.265 Koompahtoo v Local Aboriginal Land Council v KLALC Property & Investment Pty Ltd [2009] NSWSC 502 ........................................................................................................... 25.140

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Table of Cases

Koorootang Nominees Pty Ltd v Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Ltd [1998] 3 VR 16 ............................................................................................... 2.75, 2.140, 38.80, 38.105, 38.110, 38.120, 38.265 Koppamurra Wines Pty Ltd v Mildara Blass Ltd (1998) AIPC ¶91–​400 ..................................... 31.135 Korda v Australian Executor Trustees (SA) Ltd (2015) 255 CLR 62 .................................. 17.45, 17.55 Korda v Silkchime Pty Ltd (2010) 243 FLR 269 ............................................................. 36.85, 36.155 Kostka v Ukrainian Council of NSW Inc [2013] NSWSC 222 .................................................... 29.250 Kostopoulos v G E Commercial Finance Pty Ltd (2005) Q ConvR ¶54–​634 .............................. 30.140 Kowalczuk v Accom Finance Pty Ltd (2008) 77 NSWLR 205 ...................................................... 13.55 Kowalski v MMAL Staff Superannuation Fund Pty Ltd (No 3) [2009] FCA 53 ............................. 23.65 Krakaowski v Eurolynx Properties Ltd (1995) 183 CLR 563 ...................................................... 35.110 Kramer v Duggan (1955) 55 SR (NSW) 385 ............................................................................ 35.110 Kramer v McMahon [1970] 1 NSWR 194 ....................................................................... 35.40, 35.55 Kranz v National Australia Bank Ltd (2003) 8 VR 310 ..................................................... 7.190, 7.255 Kriezis v Kriezis [2004] NSWSC 167 .............................................................. 38.190, 38.210, 38.270 Krishell Pty Ltd v Nilant (2006) 32 WAR 540 ............................................................................... 3.05 Krok v Szaintop Homes Pty Ltd [2011] VSC 16 .......................................................................... 20.60 Krueger Transport Equipment Pty Ltd v Glen Cameron Storage & Distribution Pty Ltd (2008) 78 IPR 262 ............................................................................................... 6.15, 6.25, 6.35 Ku-​ring-​gai Municipal Council v Attorney-​General (1954) 55 SR (NSW) 65 .................... 25.35, 25.45 Kubik Inc v Hull (1974) 224 NW 2d 80 ..................................................................................... 6.345 Kuligowski v Metrobus (2004) 220 CLR 363 ............................................................................. 10.20 Kung v Country Section NZ Indian Association Inc [1996] 1 NZLR 663 ..................................... 37.15 Kuper v Keywest Constructions Pty Ltd (1990) 3 WAR 419 ..................................................... 38.155 Kurt Keller Pty Ltd v BMW Australia Ltd [1984] 1 NSWLR 353 ................................................. 31.165 Kurth v McGavin [2007] 3 NZLR 614 ...................................................................................... 33.145 KVE Homes Pty Ltd, Re (1979) 4 ACLR 47 ................................................................................. 36.40 Kwok v Thang [1999] NSWSC 1034 ......................................................................... 6.25, 6.80, 6.95 Kymbo Pty Ltd v Paxton Management Pty Ltd (2001) 10 BPR 18,897 ....................................... 12.30 Kyriacou v Manakis [2006] NSWSC 804 .................................................................................... 11.95 Kytherian Association of Queensland v Sklavos (1958) 101 CLR 56 ............... 17.170, 29.135, 29.380 Kyuss Express Pty Ltd v Sellers (2001) 37 ACSR 62 .................................................................... 36.60

L L T King Pty Ltd v Besser (2002) 172 FLR 140 ........................................................................... 4.235 L v K (Freezing Orders: Principles and Safeguards) [2014] Fam 35 ........... 32.30, 32.50, 32.55, 32.60 La Housse v Counsel [2008] WASCA 207 .................................................................................. 17.15 La Rosa, Re (1991) 31 FCR 83 ................................................................................................. 14.130 Labelmakers Group Pty Ltd v LL Force Pty Ltd [2012] FCA 512 ................................................. 4.285 Labracon Pty Ltd v Cuturich (2013) 17 BPR 32,497 ....................................................... 10.05, 10.45 LAC Minerals Ltd v International Corona Resources Ltd (1989) 61 DLR (4th) 14 ...................................................................................... 4.65, 4.225, 6.40, 6.375 Lachlan v HP Mercantile Pty Ltd (2015) 89 NSWLR 198 ............................................................ 13.70 Lady Naas v Westminster Bank Ltd [1940] AC 366 ......................................................... 20.85, 21.90 Lagunas Nitrate Co v Lagunas Syndicate [1899] 2 Ch 392 ........................................................ 35.15 Lai v Tiao (No 2) [2009] WASC 22 .............................................................................................. 4.85 Laing v Commissioner of Stamp Duties [1948] NZLR 154 ....................................................... 29.255 Lake v Quinton [1973] 1 NSWLR 111 ........................................... 15.55, 15.70, 15.80, 15.85, 15.90 Lakic v Prior [2016] VSC 293 ..................................................................................................... 30.85 Lallemand v Brown (2014) 9 ACTLR 313 .................................................................................. 30.35 Lambert v Waters [1954] QSR 212 ...................................................................... 15.10, 15.20, 15.30 Lamotte v Lamotte (1942) 42 SR (NSW) 99 .............................................................................. 7.115 Lampet's Case (1612) 10 Co Rep 46; 77 ER 994 ......................................................................... 3.10

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Equity and Trusts in Australia

Lamplugh v Lamplugh (1709) 1 P Wms 111; 24 ER 316 ......................................................... 26.135 Lamru Pty Ltd v Kation Pty Ltd (1998) 44 NSWLR 432 ................................................... 24.15, 24.20 Lamshed, Re [1970] SASR 224 .................................................................................................. 39.65 Lamshed v Lamshed (1963) 109 CLR 440 .................................................................... 30.20, 33.175 Lan v Hao (No 2) (2017) 325 FLR 1 ........................................................................................ 31.195 Lancashire Fires v S A Lyons & Company Ltd [1996] FSR 629 ...................................................... 6.60 Lancashire Loans Ltd v Black [1934] 1 KB 380 ........................................................................... 7.115 Lancet Pty Ltd v Olholm Developments Pty Ltd [2001] 1 Qd R 22 ............................................ 36.85 Landall Holdings Ltd v Caratti [1979] WAR 97 ............................................................................ 1.80 Lander v Whitbread [1982] 2 NSWLR 530 ................................................................................ 29.95 Landmark Operations Ltd v J Tiver Nominees Pty Ltd [2008] SASC 322 .................................... 9.190 Landmark Underwriting Agency Pty Ltd v Kilborn (2006) 59 AILR 200-​284 ................................. 6.85 Landrow Properties Pty Ltd v Commissioner of State Revenue (2008) 73 ATR 901 ...................... 1.10 Lands and Forests, Minister for v McPherson (1990) 22 NSWLR 687 ....................................... 11.110 Lane v Bushby (2000) 50 NSWLR 404 ..................................................................................... 14.125 Langdon v Korff (1885) 2 WN (NSW) 47 .................................................................................. 23.95 Langlands, Re (1901) 21 NZLR 100 ........................................................................................ 24.165 Langley v Foster (1909) 10 SR (NSW) 54 ................................................................................ 11.120 Langman v Handover (1929) 43 CLR 334 .......................................................... 37.155, 37.165, P.75 Lankow v Rose [1995] 1 NZLR 277 ........................................................................... 26.130, 38.165, 38.185, 38.230 Lankshear v ANZ Banking Group (New Zealand) Ltd [1993] 1 NZLR 481 .................................. 27.95 Lansat Shipping Co Ltd v Glencore Grain BV [2009] 1 CLC 379 ................................................ 13.15 Lansing Linde Ltd v Kerr [1991] 1 All ER 418 ......................................................... 6.30, 6.35, 31.165 Lansing Linde v Alber [2000] PLR 15 ....................................................................................... 28.185 Larnach v Alleyne (1862) 1 W & W (E) 342 .................................................................. 22.100, 24.95 Laserbem Pty Ltd v Gainsville Investments Pty Ltd [2004] VSC 62 ............................................. 12.75 Laskar v Laskar [2008] 1 WLR 2695 ............................................................................ 26.140, 38.240 Lassence v Tierney (1849) 1 Mac & G 551; 41 ER 1379 ............................................................ 26.20 Last v Rosenfeld [1972] 2 NSWLR 923 ...................................................................................... 18.30 Latec Investments Ltd v Hotel Terrigal Pty Ltd (in liq) (1965) 113 CLR 265 ..................... 2.10, 2.105, 2.115, 35.65 Latimer v Commissioner of Inland Revenue [2002] 3 NZLR 195 ........... 26.35, 29.65, 29.215, 29.240 Latimer v Commissioner of Inland Revenue [2004] 1 WLR 1466 .................................. 29.65, 29.240 Latitude Fisheries Pty Ltd v Australian Fisheries Management Authority (2002) 68 ALD 365 ....................................................................................................................... 10.395 Lau Siew Kim v Yeo Guan Chye Terence [2008] 2 SLR(R) 108 ....................... 26.130, 26.135, 26.140 Laughton, Re [1962] Tas SR 300 ................................................................................ 39.100, 39.105 Lavelle v Lavelle [2004] EWCA Civ 223 ................................................................................... 26.145 Lavery v Pursell (1888) 39 Ch D 508 ....................................................................................... 33.120 Lavin v Toppi (2015) 254 CLR 459 ............................................................................. 14.130, 14.140 Law Guarantee Trust and Accident Society v Munich Re-​insurance Co [1912] 1 Ch 138 ........................................................................................................................... 23.170 Law Institute of Victoria v Commissioner of State Revenue (2015) 101 ATR 899 ...................... 29.285 Law Society of Upper Canada v Toronto-​Dominion Bank (1999) 169 DLR (4th) 353 ................................................................................................................ 39.65, 39.105 Law v Mo [2009] NSWSC 639 .................................................................................................. 7.135 Lawless v MacKendrick [2007] WASC 114 ................................................................................... 3.35 Lawn, Re Will of [1911] VLR 318 ............................................................................................... 17.15 Lawrence David Ltd v Ashton (1988) 20 IPR 244 ...................................................................... 6.215 Lawrence v Fen Tigers Ltd [2014] AC 822 ...................................................................... 34.85, 34.90 Lawrence v Morris (2002) 120 FCR 440 .................................................................................... 28.65 Lawrence v Poorah [2008] UKPC 21 ........................................................................................... 9.15 Laybutt v Amoco Australia Pty Ltd (1974) 132 CLR 57 ............................................................ 38.160

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Table of Cases

Layton v Stewart [1994] ANZ Conv R 283 ................................................................................ 4.150 LCY Pty Ltd v Ma [2017] VSCA 383. ......................................................................................... 10.45 LDJ Investments Pty Ltd v Howard (1981) 3 BPR 9614 .............................................................. 34.80 Le Cren Clarke (deceased), Re [1996] 1 All ER 715 ..................................................... 29.190, 29.195 Le Neve v Le Neve (1747) Amb 436; 27 ER 291 .......................................................................... 8.45 Lea, Re (1887) 34 Ch D 528 ................................................................................................... 29.190 Leach v Ross [2013] QSC 333 ................................................................................................... 4.200 Leading Synthetics Pty Ltd v Adroit Insurance Group Pty Ltd [2011] VSC 467 ......................... 10.320 Leads Plus Pty Ltd v Kowho Intercontinental Pty Ltd (2000) 10 BPR 18,085 ........................................................................................... 11.10, 31.100, 31.165 Leaf v International Galleries (a firm) [1950] 2 KB 86 ................................................... 35.55, 35.100 Leahy v Attorney-​General (NSW) [1959] AC 457 ................ 17.160, 17.175, 29.245, 29.300, 29.305 Learoyd v Whiteley (1887) 12 App Cas 727 ................................................................... 22.20, 22.55 Leason Pty Ltd v Princes Farm Pty Ltd [1983] 2 NSWLR 381 ......................................... 35.60, 35.110 Leawell Pty Ltd v Watershed Premium Wines Ltd [2009] FCA 26 ............................................... 31.05 Ledgerwood v Perpetual Trustee Co Ltd (1997) 41 NSWLR 532 .......................... 18.65, 18.70, 18.80 Lee, Re Estate of (1986) 84 FLR 268 ........................................................................................ 25.140 Lee v Chai [2013] QSC 136 ........................................................................................... 7.100, 7.115 Lee v Damesh Holdings Ltd [2003] 2 NZLR 422 ........................................................................ 7.190 Lee v Lee (1876) 4 Ch D 175 .................................................................................................. 18.115 Lee v Mavaddat [2007] WASC 18 ........................................................................................... 38.250 Lee v Sankey (1873) LR 15 Eq 204 ............................................................................................ 38.60 Lee v Torrey [2015] NZHC 2135 ............................................................................................. 22.125 Leedale v Lewis [1982] 1 WLR 1319 ........................................................................................ 20.150 Leeder v Stevens [2005] EWCA Civ 50 ............................................................................. 7.70, 7.100 Leeds and Hanley Theatres of Varieties Ltd, Re [1902] 2 Ch 809 ............................................. 17.100 Leeds v Industrial Co-​operative Society Ltd v Slack [1924] AC 851 .......................................... 34.115 Leek (deceased), Re [1967] Ch 1061 ....................................................................................... 16.190 Leek (deceased), Re [1969] 1 Ch 563 ...................................................................................... 16.190 Leerac Pty Ltd v Fay [2008] NSWSC 1082 .................................................................... 20.25, 24.150 Legal Practice Management (Vic) Pty Ltd (in liq) v Simms Corp Hotels & Leisure Pty Ltd [2013] VSC 734 ............................................................................................................... 1.70 Legg v Inner London Education Authority [1972] 3 All ER 177 ................................................ 31.155 Legione v Hateley (1983) 152 CLR 406 .......... 7.260, 8.190, 9.185, 10.110, 10.125, 10.145, 10.155, 10.175, 10.185, 10.220, 10.230, 11.15, 11.20, 11.25, 11.30, 13.10, 13.55, 33.145, 33.160, 38.155, P.150 Leibler v Air New Zealand Ltd (No 2) [1999] 1 VR 1 ....................................... 37.95, 37.105, 37.125 Leigh and Sillavan Ltd v Aliakmon Shipping Co Ltd [1986] AC 785 ..................................... 1.05, P.40 Leighton v Federal Commissioner of Taxation (2011) 84 ATR 547 ........................................... 27.130 Leighton v Parton [1976] 1 NZLR 165 ...................................................................................... 8.200 Leisure Co Pty Ltd v City of Bunbury [2006] WASC 209 ............................................................ 31.65 Lemann's Trusts, Re (1883) 22 Ch D 663 .................................................................................. 21.75 Lemery Holdings Pty Ltd v Reliance Financial Services Pty Ltd (2008) 74 NSWLR 550 ............. 23.130 Lemnos v Lemnos (2007) 38 Fam LR 594 ............................................................................... 38.260 Lempens v Reid (2009) 2 ASTLR 373 ...................................................................................... 17.120 Lennard v Jessica Estates Pty Ltd (2008) 71 NSWLR 306 ............................................................ 31.70 Lennon v News Group Ltd [1978] FSR 573 ................................................................................. 6.95 Lennox v Cameron (1997) 8 BPR 15,939 ........................................................ 10.310, 33.30, 38.160 Lensen v Lensen (1984) 14 DLR (4th) 611 ..................................................................... 12.45, 12.50 Lepine, Re [1892] 1 Ch 210 .................................................................................................... 22.120 Lerinda Pty Ltd v Laertes Investments Pty Ltd [2010] 2 Qd R 312 .............................................. 14.10 Leslie Homes (Aust) Pty Ltd, Re (1984) 8 ACLR 1020 ................................................................ 36.40 Leslie v Midgate Center Inc (1967) 436 P 2d 201 ................................................................... 17.100 Lesser (deceased), Re [1947] VLR 366 ..................................................................................... 23.115

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Equity and Trusts in Australia

Lesser, Re [1954] VLR 435 ............................................................................................ 23.20, 23.115 Lester, Re [1942] Ch 324 ........................................................................................................ 16.170 Letterstedt v Broers (1884) 9 App Cas 371 ........................................... 21.75, 21.80, 21.105, 21.115 Levasseur v Mason and Barry [1891] 2 QB 73 ......................................................................... 36.130 Lever Brothers, Port Sunlight, Ltd v Sunniwite Products, Ltd (1949) 66 RPC 84 ....................... 34.140 Levermore v Levermore [1980] 1 All ER 1 ................................................................................ 36.130 Levin & Co Ltd, Re [1936] NZLR 558 ........................................................................................ 21.10 Levin v Ikiua [2010] 1 NZLR 400 ............................................................................................... 27.25 Levin v Ikiua [2011] 1 NZLR 678 ............................................................................................... 27.25 Levine, Re [1955] 3 All ER 35 .................................................................................................. 29.145 Levy v Bablis [2007] NSWSC 565 ................................................................................................ 4.20 Lewis, Re [1955] Ch 104 ......................................................................................................... 29.130 Lewis Securities Ltd (in liq) v Carter [2018] 355 ALR 703 .......................................................... 30.40 Lewis v Allenby (1870) LR 10 Eq 668 ...................................................................................... 20.120 Lewis v Cotton [2001] 2 NZLR 21 .............................................................................. 38.135, 38.140 Lewis v Great Western Railway Co (1877) 3 QBD 195 ............................................................... 24.95 Lewis v Lohse [2003] QCA 199 ................................................................................................. 20.85 Lewis v Nortex Pty Ltd (in liq) (2004) 214 ALR 634 ...................................................... 4.130, 30.175 Lewis v Nortex Pty Ltd (in liq) [2006] NSWSC 480 ......................................................... 24.65, 24.70 Lewski v Australian Securities and Investments Commission (2016) 246 FCR 200 ................... 28.255 Lexane Pty Ltd v Highfern Pty Ltd [1985] 1 Qd R 446 ............................................................... 11.45 LGSS Pty Ltd v Egan [2002] NSWSC 1171 ................................................................. 28.150, 28.160 LHK Nominees Pty Ltd v Kenworthy (2002) 26 WAR 517 .............................................. 35.65, 38.75, 38.115, 38.250 Liangis Investments Pty Ltd v Daplyn Pty Ltd (1994) 117 FLR 28 ............................................. 10.205 Libertarian Investments Ltd v Hall [2015] WTLR 241 ................................................................. 24.40 Liberty Financial Pty Ltd v Scott (No 3) (2004) 11 VR 621 ................................................ 6.70, 6.215 Liberty Financial Pty Ltd v Scott (No 4) (2005) 11 VR 629 ................................................ 6.70, 6.215 Liberty International Underwriters v Salisbury Group Pty Ltd (in liq) (2014) 13 ASTLR 206 ...... 20.125 Liberty Trust v Charities Commission [2011] 3 NZLR 68 .......................................................... 29.190 Liddell's Settlement Trusts, Re [1936] 1 Ch 365 ...................................................................... 32.115 Lidden v Composite Buyers Ltd (1996) 139 ALR 549 ..................................................... 24.15, 24.20 Lieschke v Lieschke [2003] NSWSC 743 .................................................................................... 10.70 Life Association of Scotland v Siddal (1861) 3 De GF & J 58; 45 ER 800 .......... 24.160, 24.165, 38.60 Lighting by Design (Aust) Pty Ltd v Cannington Nominees Pty Ltd (2008) 35 WAR 520 ............................................................................................................. 12.25, 12.75 Lim v Permanent Trustee Co Ltd (unreported, SC(NSW), McLelland J, 26 March 1981) ............ 18.70 Lind, Re [1915] 2 Ch 345 ................................................................................... 3.105, 3.150, 17.75 Lindaning Pty Ltd (recs and mgrs apptd) v Goodlock [2011] QSC 266 .......................... 33.15, 33.20 Linden Gardens Trust Ltd v Lenesta Sludge Disposals Ltd [1994] 1 AC 85 ................................. 3.155 Linderstam v Barnett (1915) 19 CLR 528 .................................................................................... 7.55 Lindon v Commonwealth (No 2) (1996) 136 ALR 251 .............................................................. 37.30 Lindsay Petroleum Co v Hurd (1874) LR 5 PC 221 .................................................................... 30.10 Links Golf Tasmania Pty Ltd v Sattler (2012) 213 FCR 1 ............................................................. 4.120 Linsley, Re [1904] 2 Ch 785 .................................................................................................... 23.160 Lintrose Nominees Pty Ltd v King [1995] 1 VR 574 ..................................................................... 4.70 Lionsgate Australia Pty Ltd v Macquarie Private Portfolio Management Ltd (2007) 62 ACSR 522 ....................................................................................................................... 33.60 Lipinski's Will Trusts, Re [1976] 1 Ch 235 ................................................................... 17.155, 17.170 Lipkin Gorman (a firm) v Karpnale Ltd [1991] 2 AC 548 ................................................ 8.115, 39.10 Lipkin Gorman (a firm) v Karpnale Ltd [1992] 4 All ER 331 ........................................ 38.105, 38.125 Liptak v Commonwealth Bank of Australia [1999] ANZ Conv R 119 ................................. 7.05, 7.215 Lisciandro v Official Trustee in Bankruptcy (1995) ATPR ¶41–​436 ....................................... 9.20, 9.40 Lister & Co Ltd v Stubbs (1890) 45 Ch D 1 ............................................................................... 38.35 Little v Little (1988) 15 NSWLR 43 ............................................................................................ 26.75 xcvi

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Table of Cases

Littlewood, Re [1954] QWN 41 .............................................................................................. 23.175 Littlewoods Organisation Ltd v Harris [1978] 1 All ER 1026 ......................................................... 6.70 Litwin Construction (1973) Ltd v Pan (1988) 52 DLR (4th) 459 ................................................ 4.275 Liu v Adamson (2003) 12 BPR 22,205 ............................................................................ 7.235, 7.255 Liverpool & London & Globe Insurance Co Ltd v J W Deaves [1971] 2 NSWLR 131 .................. 37.20 Llandudno Urban District Council v Woods [1899] 2 Ch 705 .................................................. 31.150 Llewellyn v Derrick (1999) 33 ACSR 213 ................................................................................... 38.30 Lloyd (deceased), Re [1958] VR 523 .......................................................................... 29.145, 29.305 Lloyd, Re [1960] NZLR 947 ..................................................................................................... 26.135 Lloyd v Banks (1868) LR 3 Ch App 488 ............................................................................ 2.130, 3.70 Lloyd v Federal Commissioner of Taxation (1955) 93 CLR 645 ................................................ 29.245 Lloyd v Lloyd (1852) 2 Sim (NS) 255; 61 ER 338 ...................................................................... 19.60 Lloyd v Tedesco (2002) 25 WAR 360 ....................................................................................... 38.180 Lloyds Bank Ltd v Bundy [1975] 1 QB 326 ......................................................................... 7.35, 7.55 Lloyds Bank Pension Trust Corporation Ltd v Lloyds [1996] PLR 263 ....................................... 28.150 Lloyds Bank plc v Duker [1987] 3 All ER 193 ........................................................................... 25.150 Lloyds Bank plc v Rosset [1991] 1 AC 107 ............................................................................... 38.215 Lo Giudice v Biviano (No 2) [1962] VR 420 ............................................................................... 11.90 Loan Investment Corp of Australasia v Bonner [1970] NZLR 724 .................................... 33.05, 33.65 Lock International plc v Beswick [1989] 3 All ER 373 ........................................... 6.70, 6.315, 32.150 Lock v Commissioner of Taxation (2003) 129 FCR 1 ............................................................... 20.110 Lock v Westpac Banking Corporation (1991) 25 NSWLR 593 .......................... 25.20, 28.150, 28.170 Locker's Settlement Trusts, Re [1977] 1 WLR 1323 .................................................................. 16.185 Lockwood v White (2005) 23 ACLC 379 ................................................................................... 1.105 Lodge v National Union Investment Co Ltd [1907] 1 Ch 300 ..................................37.165, P.70, P.75 Loftus (deceased), Re [2007] 1 WLR 591 ................................................................................... 30.35 Logue v Shoalhaven Shire Council [1979] 1 NSWLR 537 .......................................... 8.05, 8.35, 8.40 Lohia v Lohia [2001] EWCA Civ 1691 ........................................................................................ 26.55 Loizou v Derrimut Enterprise Pty Ltd [2004] VSC 176 ............................................................... 30.75 Lombardo v Bahnan [2014] VSC 410 ...................................................................................... 38.250 Lombe v Wagga Leagues Club Ltd (2006) 56 ACSR 387 ................................. 16.105, 17.15, 23.170 Lomman, Re [1934] SASR 222 .................................................................................................. 29.25 London & County Banking v Ratcliffe (1881) 6 App Cas 722 ...................................................... 2.90 London and Mashonaland Exploration Co Ltd v New Mashonaland Exploration Co Ltd [1891] WN 165 ............................................................................................................. 4.120 London, City of v Nash (1747) 1 Ves Sen 11; 27 ER 859 ......................................................... 33.130 London Hospital Medical College v Inland Revenue Commissioners [1976] 2 All ER 113 ......... 29.260 London Pressed Hinge, Re (1905) 74 LJ Ch 321 ........................................................................ 36.80 London Weekend Television Ltd v Paris and Griffith (1969) 113 Sol J 222 ............................... 37.115 London Wine Shippers, Re [1986] PCC 121 .............................................................................. 17.90 Londonderry's Settlement, Re [1965] Ch 918 ............................... 20.30, 20.45, 20.55, 20.60, 28.80 Long Leys Co Pty Ltd v Silkdale Pty Ltd (1991) 5 BPR 11,512 .................................................... 3.125 Long v Specifier Publications Pty Ltd (1998) 44 NSWLR 545 ..................................... 32.140, 32.145, 32.150, 32.155, 32.160 Longhurst v Waite [1920] SALR 407 .......................................................................................... 22.10 Longley v Longley (1871) LR 13 Eq 133 .................................................................................... 26.25 Longtom Pty Ltd v Oberon Shire Council (1996) 7 BPR 14,799 ...................... 2.110, 33.130, 33.165 Longworth, Re [1965] NSWR 481 ........................................................................................... 23.110 Longworth v Allen [2005] SASC 469 ............................................................. 21.110, 21.115, 21.130 Lonsdale Sand and Metal Pty Ltd v Federal Commissioner of Taxation (1998) 162 ALR 220 .......................................................................................................................... 3.35 Lontav Pty Ltd v Pineross Custodial Services Pty Ltd (2011) V ConvR ¶54–​805 ........................ 11.105 Loone v Tasmanian Trustees Ltd [1987] Tas R 146 ................................................................... 38.215 Lopes, Re [1931] 2 Ch 130 ..................................................................................................... 29.145 Lopwell Pty Ltd v Clarke (2009) 3 BFRA 807 .................................................................... 7.155, 9.75 xcvii

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Equity and Trusts in Australia

Lord and Fullerton's Contract, Re [1896] 1 Ch 228 ................................................................... 21.90 Lord Ashburton v Lady Ashburton (1801) 6 Ves 6; 31 ER 910 ................................................... 25.25 Lord Ashburton v Pape [1913] 2 Ch 469 ................................................................................... 6.265 Lord Browne of Madingley v Associated Newspapers Ltd [2008] QB 103 .................................. 6.120 Lord Chesham, Re (1885) 31 Ch D 466 ..................................................................... 15.100, 15.105 Lord Dudley and Ward v Lady Dudley (1705) Prec Ch 241; 24 ER 118 ......................................... P.30 Lord, Ex parte [1985] 2 Qd R 198 ................................................................................ 1.100, 38.155 Lord Provost of Edinburgh v Lord Advocate (1879) 4 App Cas 823 ........................................... 39.90 Lord, Re [1910] VLR 477 ........................................................................................................... 17.20 Lord v Direct Acceptance Corporation Ltd (rec and mgr apptd) (in liq) (1993) 32 NSWLR 362 ....................................................................................................................... 30.105 Lord v Spinelly (1991) 4 WAR 158 .......................................................................................... 38.105 Lord Whiteley v Hilt [1918] 2 KB 808 ...................................................................................... 37.145 Lordsvale Finance plc v Bank of Zambia [1996] QB 752 ............................................................ 13.05 Lornho plc v Fayed (No 2) [1992] 1 WLR 1 ............................................................................... 35.65 Lory, Re (1996) 14 FRNZ 456 ................................................................................................... 18.45 Loughran v Loughran (1934) 292 US 216 ............................................................................... 30.175 Louth v Diprose (1992) 175 CLR 621 ..................................................................... 7.30, 7.75, 7.100, 9.05, 9.30, 9.65, 9.70 Lovell and Christmas Ltd v Wall (1911) 104 LT 85 .......................................................... 37.65, 37.95 Lovell, Re [1985] 1 Qd R 209 .................................................................................................. 17.185 Lovell v Lewandowski [1987] WAR 81 ..................................................................................... 31.175 Low Gim Siah v Low Geok Khim [2007] 1 SLR(R) 795 ............................................................. 26.155 Low v Bouverie [1891] 3 Ch 82 .............................................................................................. 10.115 Low v Perpetual Trustees WA Ltd (1995) 14 WAR 35 .................................................. 38.135, 38.145 Lowe v Harrington (1997) 21 Fam LR 583 ................................................................................ 8.200 Lowin (deceased), Re [1967] 2 NSWR 140 ...................................................... 29.95, 29.145, 29.380 Lowson v Coombes [1999] 2 WLR 720 ..................................................................................... 19.50 Lowther v Bentinck (1874) LR 19 Eq 166 ................................................................................ 23.115 Lowther v Kim [2003] 1 NZLR 327 ........................................................................................... 18.10 LRT Pension Fund Trustee Co Ltd v Hatt [1993] PLR 227 ............................................ 28.150, 28.190 Lucantonio v Ciofuli (2003) 11 BPR 21,181 ................................................................... 11.75, 11.80 Lucas & Tait (Investments) Pty Ltd v Victoria Securities Ltd [1973] 2 NSWLR 268 ...................... 11.75 Lucas, Re [1922] 2 Ch 52 ........................................................................................................ 29.125 Lucas Stuart Pty Ltd v Hemmes Hermitage Pty Ltd [2010] NSWCA 283 ....................... 31.50, 31.100 Lucas v Harris (1886) 18 QBD 127 .......................................................................................... 36.115 Lucking's Will Trusts, Re [1968] 1 WLR 866 .................................................................. 22.55, 24.100 Luckins v Highway Motel (Carnarvon) Pty Ltd (1975) 50 ALJR 309 ............................................. 1.80 Luhan v Micallef [2017] VSC 246 ............................................................................................ 33.170 Luke v South Kensington Hotel Company (1879) 11 Ch D 121 ................................................ 22.65 Lumsden v Long (1998) 16 ACLC 1743 .................................................................................. 36.155 Lunn v Thornton (1845) 1 CB 379; 135 ER 587 ........................................................................ 3.105 Lushington (deceased), Re [1964] NZLR 161 ............................................................. 25.135, 29.315 Lutheran Church of Australia SA District Inc v Farmers' Co-​operative Executors and Trustees Ltd (1970) 121 CLR 628 ......................................................................... 16.190, 20.120, 23.30, 29.125 Luu v Sovereign Developments Ltd (2006) 12 BPR 23,629 .................................. 11.50, 11.60, 11.70 Lydon v Ryding [2002] WASC 308 ............................................................................... 12.25, 38.250 Lyell (deceased), Re [1977] 1 NZLR 713 .................................................................................... 25.45 Lyell v Kennedy (1889) 14 App Cas 437 ................................................................................... 38.60 Lyford v Commonwealth Bank of Australia (1995) 130 ALR 267 .................................................. 1.80 Lygon Nominees Pty Ltd v Commissioner of State Revenue (Vic) (2005) 60 ATR 135 ..................................................................................... 1.10, 20.115, 20.155, 25.145

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Table of Cases

Lygon Nominees Pty Ltd v Commissioner of State Revenue (Vic) (2007) 23 VR 474 .................................................................................................. 1.10, 20.115, 20.150, 20.155, 25.145 Lykogiannis v Retail Employees Superannuation Pty Ltd (2000) 61 ALD 197 ........................... 28.235 Lynch v Brisbane City Council (1961) 104 CLR 353 .................................................................. 31.05 Lysaght (deceased), Re [1966] 1 Ch 191 .................................................................... 29.315, 29.340 Lysaght v Edwards (1876) 2 Ch D 499 ......................................................................... 21.45, 38.155 Lysons v Commissioner of Stamp Duties [1945] NZLR 738 ..................................................... 29.225

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M M v M (2006) 203 FLR 122 ..................................................................................................... 28.135 Mabo v State of Queensland (No 2) (1992) 175 CLR 1 .................................... 4.30, 5.45, 5.50, 5.60 MacarthurCook Fund Management Ltd v TFML Ltd (2014) 254 CLR 168 ............................... 28.255 Macartney v Macartney [1909] VLR 183 ................................................................................... 22.55 Macary Manufacturing Pty Ltd v Chief Commissioner of Land Tax (1998) 39 ATR 255 .............. 18.10 Macaulay v O'Donnell [1943] 1 Ch 435 .................................................................................. 17.170 Macauley v Greater Paramount Theatres Ltd (1921) 22 SR (NSW) 66 ..................................... 33.105 Macclesfield Corporation v Great Central Railway [1911] 2 KB 528 ........................................... 14.20 Macdonald (deceased), Re [1951] NZLR 502 .......................................................................... 29.185 MacDonald v Frost [2009] WTLR 1815 ................................................................................... 10.120 MacDonald v MacDonald (No 2) [1956] QWN 25 .................................................................. 21.145 MacDonald v Shinko Australia Pty Ltd [1999] 2 Qd R 152 ......................................................... 37.65 Macduff, Re [1896] 2 Ch 451 ................................................................................................. 29.150 Macedonian Orthodox Community Church St Petka Inc (No 2), Re (2005) 63 NSWLR 441 .................................................................................................................. 23.170 Macedonian Orthodox Community Church St Petka Inc v His Eminence Petar The Diocesan Bishop of Macedonian Orthodox Diocese of Australia and New Zealand (2008) 237 CLR 66 ............................................................ 23.175, 23.180, 24.215 MacGregor, Re (1932) 32 SR (NSW) 483 ................................................................... 29.180, 29.185 Maciejewski v Telstra Super Pty Ltd (1998) 44 NSWLR 601 ............................... 20.45, 20.130, 23.70 Maciejewski v Telstra Super Pty Ltd (No 2) [1999] NSWSC 341 ............................................... 28.160 MacIntosh v Fortex Group Ltd [1997] 1 NZLR 711 ..................................................................... 4.30 Mackay v Wilson (1947) 47 SR (NSW) 315 .................................................................. 1.140, 38.160 Mackenzie (deceased), Re [1962] 2 All ER 890 ............................................................. 29.45, 29.145 Mackenzie v Coulson (1869) LR 8 Eq 368 ...................................................................... 37.65, 37.95 Mackintosh v Johnson (2013) 37 VR 301 .................................................................................... 9.70 Mackreth v Symmons (1808) 15 Ves 329; 33 ER 778 .................................................................. 1.95 Maclaine Watson & Co Ltd v International Tin Council [1988] Ch 1 ........................................ 36.135 Maclean Shire Council v Nungera Co-​operative Society Ltd (1994) 84 LGERA 139 .................. 29.240 MacLean v Arklow Investments Ltd [1998] 3 NZLR 680 ........................................... 4.40, 4.45, 4.55, 4.290, P.145 Macleay, Re (1875) LR 20 Eq 186 ............................................................................................. 19.75 MacMillan Bloedel Ltd v Simpson (1996) 109 CCC (3d) 259 .................................................... 31.45 MacPherson, Re [1913] SALR 207 ........................................................................................... 22.155 Macphillamy v Fox (1932) 32 SR (NSW) 427 .......................................................................... 22.225 Macquarie Bank Ltd v Sixty-​Fourth Throne Pty Ltd [1998] 3 VR 133 ............... 38.80, 38.105, 38.115 Macquarie Bank v National Mutual Life Association of Australia Ltd (1996) 40 NSWLR 543 .................................................................................................................... 10.30 Macquarie International Health Clinic Pty Ltd v Sydney South West Area Health Service (2010) 15 BPR 28,563 ........................................................................................... 11.120 Macrae v Walsh (1927) 27 SR (NSW) 290 ............................................................................... 25.165 Madden v Kevereski [1983] 1 NSWLR 305 .............................................................................. 34.120

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Equity and Trusts in Australia

Maddison v Alderson (1883) 8 App Cas 467 ................................. 12.05, 12.15, 12.45, 12.60, 12.80 Maddock, Re [1902] 2 Ch 220 .................................................................................................. 18.70 Magadi Soda Co Ltd, Re (1925) 41 TLR 297 ............................................................................. 36.25 Magarey Farlam Lawyers Trust Accounts (No 3), Re (2007) 96 SASR 337 .................................................................................. 23.170, 23.180, 39.05, 39.50, 39.65, 39.95, 39.115 Magee v UDC Finance Ltd [1983] NZLR 438 .............................................................................. 3.65 Magic Menu Systems Pty Ltd v AFA Facilitation Pty Ltd (1997) 142 ALR 198 ........................... 31.190 Magna-​Alloys & Research Pty Ltd v Ten-​Haaf [1978] Tas SR 136 ................................................. 6.55 Maguire (deceased), Re [2010] 2 NZLR 845 ............................................................. 16.200, 16.205, 20.30, 20.35 Maguire v Makaronis (1997) 188 CLR 449 ................................................ 4.20, 4.145, 24.40, 34.10, 34.20, 34.25, 35.15, P.75 Maher v Millennium Markets Pty Ltd [2004] VSC 174 ........................................... 4.35, 4.160, 38.75 Mahoe Buildings Ltd v Fair Investments Ltd [1994] 1 NZLR 281 .................................... 12.30, 12.75 Mahoney, Re [1918] VLR 580 ...................................................................................................... 8.75 Mahoney v McManus (1981) 55 ALJR 673 ............................ 14.70, 14.125, 14.140, 14.180, 14.185 Mahoney v Purnell [1996] 3 All ER 61 ....................................................................................... 7.285 Maiden v Maiden (1908) 7 CLR 727 .............................................................................. 12.60, 33.80 Mainbridge Industries Pty Ltd v Whitewood (1984) 73 FLR 117 ................................................ 6.175 Mainieri v Cirillo (2014) 47 VR 127 ......................................................................................... 38.270 Mainzeal Property and Construction Ltd v Facility Finance Ltd [2000] 3 NZLR 594 ................. 10.145 Mair (deceased), Re [1964] VR 529 ............................................................................ 29.225, 29.265 Makdessi v Cavendish Square Holdings BV [2014] BLR 246 ....................................................... 13.15 Makhoul v Barnes (1995) 60 FCR 572 ....................................................................................... 10.20 Makin v Gallagher [1974] 2 NSWLR 559 ................................................................................... 31.20 Malhotra v Choudhury [1979] 1 All ER 186 ............................................................................. 34.120 Malik v Bank of Credit and Commerce International SA (in liq) [1998] AC 20 .............. 4.295, 28.155 Mallett v Jones [1959] VR 122 ................................................................................................... 11.75 Mallory Technologies Pty Ltd v 3D Global Ltd [2002] NSWSC 1035 ........................... 10.145, 10.180 Mallott v Wilson [1903] 2 Ch 494 ................................................................................ 21.90, 25.125 Malone v Metropolitan Police Commissioner [1979] Ch 344 .................................................... 6.250 Malsbury v Malsbury [1982] 1 NSWLR 226 ............................................................................... 17.45 Management of the Bank of New Zealand Officers' Provident Association, Board of v Bank of New Zealand [1999] PLR 117 ................................................................... 28.150, 28.200 Manchester & Liverpool District Banking Co v Parkinson (1888) 22 QBD 173 ......................... 36.130 Manchester and Milford Railway Co, Re (1880) 14 Ch D 645 ........................................ 36.05, 36.15 Mander Pty Ltd v Clements (2005) 30 WAR 46 ............................................................ 37.65, 37.105 Mander v Evans [2001] 1 WLR 2378 ........................................................................................... 8.05 Manderson v Wright (No 2) [2018] VSC 162 ................................................................. 34.85, 34.95 Mandie v Memart Nominees Pty Ltd (2014) 42 VR 325 ................................................. 20.45, 20.60 Mandie v Memart Nominees Pty Ltd [2014] VSCA 181 .................................................. 20.45, 20.60 Manfred v Maddrell (1950) 51 SR (NSW) 95 ........................................................................... 25.150 Manglicmot v Commonwealth Bank Officers  ........................................................................... 28.80 Mango Boulevard Pty Ltd v Mio Art Pty Ltd [2016] QCA 148 ...................................................... 3.35 Manglicmot v Commonwealth Bank Officers Superannuation Corporation Pty Ltd (2010) 239 FLR 159 .................................................................................................. 20.45, 28.80 Manglicmot v Commonwealth Bank Officers Superannuation Corporation Pty Ltd (2011) 282 ALR 167 ............................................................................................................ 28.80 Manifold Settlements, Re [1965] VR 197 ................................................................................. 25.125 Manisty's Settlement, Re [1974] Ch 17 ............................... 16.175, 16.180, 17.135, 20.120, 20.130 Manks v Whiteley [1911] 2 Ch 448 ......................................................................................... 14.225 Mann v Able Tours Pty Ltd [2010] WASCA 59 ............................................................................. 4.85 Mann v Capital Territory Health Commission (1982) 148 CLR 97 ............................................ 34.115 Manners, Re [1949] 1 Ch 613 ........................................................................................ 15.15, 15.30 c

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Table of Cases

Manning v Federal Commissioner of Taxation (1928) 40 CLR 506 ............................... 20.30, 27.130 Manor Electronics Ltd v Dickson [1988] RPC 618 .................................................................... 32.175 Manser, Re [1905] 1 Ch 58 ..................................................................................................... 29.175 Mansour v Mansour (2009) 24 VR 498 ................................................................................... 21.110 Manufacturers House Pty Ltd v Ashington No 147 Pty Ltd (2005) 12 BPR 23,913 ..................... 11.80 Manufacturers Mutual Insurance Ltd v Government Insurance Office (1993) 7 ANZ Ins Cases ¶61–​158 .................................................................................................... 30.40 Manukau City Council v Lawson [2001] 1 NZLR 599 .................................... 22.125, 22.165, 28.150 Maple Leaf Foods Inc v Markland Seafoods Inc (2007) 279 DLR (4th) 682 ................................ 36.75 Mara v Browne [1896] 1 Ch 199 ................................................................................. 38.55, 38.100 Marac Financial Services Ltd v Stewart [1993] 1 NZLR 86 ......................................................... 13.80 Maralinga Pty Ltd v Major Enterprises Pty Ltd (1973) 128 CLR 336 ........ 37.65, 37.90, 37.95, 37.105 Marathon Asset Management LLP v Seddon [2017] ICR 791 ..................................................... 4.285 Marcel v Commissioner of Police of the Metropolis [1992] Ch 225 ................................ 6.195, 6.200 March v March (1945) 62 WN (NSW) 111 ............................................................................. 26.125 Marchant v Morton, Down & Co [1901] 2 KB 829 ..................................................................... 3.70 Marchesi v Apostolou [2007] FCA 986 ............................................................ 1.140, 18.105, 38.160 Marcolongo v Chen (2011) 242 CLR 546 ............................................................................... 19.145 Mareva Compania Naviera SA v International Bulkcarriers SA [1975] 2 Lloyd's Rep 509 ..................................................................................................... 32.05, 32.15 Marginson v Potter (1976) 11 ALR 64 ..................................................................................... 23.130 Margulies v Margulies [2008] WTLR 1853 ................................................................................. 17.60 Mariconte v Batiste (2000) 48 NSWLR 724 ............................................................................... 36.85 Mariette, Re [1915] 2 Ch 284 ................................................................................................. 29.260 Maritime Electric Co Ltd v General Dairies Ltd [1937] 1 All ER 748 .......................................... 10.365 Maritime Union of Australia v Patrick Stevedores Operations Pty Ltd [1998] 4 VR 143 .................................................................................................................. 31.15, 31.45 Markham v Markham [2010] FamCA 460 ............................................................................... 19.155 Markle v Toronto (City) (2002) 213 DLR (4th) 362 ................................................................. 25.125 Marks v CCH Australia Ltd [1999] 3 VR 513 ............................................................................ 16.130 Marks v GIO Australia Holdings Ltd (1998) 196 CLR 494 ............................................................ 8.95 Marley New Zealand Ltd v Icon Plastics Pty Ltd [2007] FCA 851 ............................................... 31.90 Marley v Mutual Security Merchant Bank and Trust Co Ltd [1991] 3 All ER 198 ...................... 23.170 Marlow v Pitfield (1719) 1 P Wms 558; 24 ER 516 .................................................................. 14.120 Maronis Holdings Ltd v Nippon Credit Australia Pty Ltd (2001) 38 ACSR 404 ......................... 38.105 Marr v Collie [2017] 3 WLR 1507 ............................................................................................ 38.240 Mars UK Ltd v Teknowledge Ltd (1999) 46 IPR 248 .................................................................... 6.45 Marsden v Amalgamated Television Services Pty Ltd (unreported, CA(NSW), 2 May 1996) ...................................................................................................................... 31.180 Marsden's Trusts, Re (1859) 28 LJ Ch 906 .......................................................................... 8.65, 8.70 Marshall Futures Ltd v Marshall [1992] 1 NZLR 316 ................................................... 30.175, 38.110 Marshall, Re [1914] 1 Ch 192 ................................................................................................. 25.150 Martech Energy Systems Pty Ltd (in liq) v Bell [2005] VSC 198 ................................................. 26.75 Martin (deceased), Re [1968] NZLR 289 ................................................................................. 29.370 Martin, Re (1996) 62 FCR 438 .................................................................................................. 10.20 Martin v City of Edinburgh District Council [1988] SLT 329 .................................................... 22.205 Martin v Hayward [1908] SALR 187 ........................................................................................ 23.170 Martin v Martin (1959) 110 CLR 297 ........................................................................... 19.55, 26.100 Martindale Estate v Martindale (1998) 162 DLR (4th) 475 ........................................................ 38.05 Martyniuk v King [2000] VSC 319 ........................................................................................... 24.125 Marvon Pty Ltd v Yulara Development Co Ltd (1989) 98 FLR 348 ................. 10.270, 10.315, 10.385 Maryland Casualty Co v Pacific Coal and Oil Co (1941) 312 US 270 ......................................... 37.30 Mason (deceased), Re [1971] NZLR 714 ................................................................................. 29.155 Mason, Re [1954] QWN 60 .................................................................................................... 20.120 Mason v New South Wales (1959) 102 CLR 108 ......................................................................... 8.10 ci

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Equity and Trusts in Australia

Mason v Wagonga Local Aboriginal Land Council [2002] NSWSC 351 ...................... 10.220, 10.300 Masri v Consolidated Contractors International (UK) Ltd (No 2) [2009] QB 450 ........ 36.135, 36.145 Masterton Homes Pty Ltd v LED Builders Pty Ltd (1996) 33 IPR 417 .......................................... 30.10 Matai Industries Ltd v Jensen [1989] 1 NZLR 525 ................................................ 30.40, 36.15, 36.75 Matheson, Re (1994) 121 ALR 605 ................................................................. 21.125, 23.125, 27.75 Mathew (deceased), Re [1951] VLR 226 ................................................................................. 29.240 Mathieson Nominees Pty Ltd v Aero Developments Pty Ltd [2016] VSC 131 ............................. 1.155 Matthews v Clifton [2014] FCA 415 ................................................................................. 6.10, 6.175 Matthews v Doctrieve Corporation Pty Ltd (2003) 59 IPR 155 ................................................ 10.100 Matthews v Ruggles-​Brise [1911] 1 Ch 194 ................................................................. 23.140, 27.50 Matzner v Clyde Securities Ltd [1975] 2 NSWLR 293 .................................................................. 2.90 Mavaddat v HSBC Bank Australia Ltd (No 2) [2016] WASCA 94 ................................................ 7.235 Mavaddat v Lee (2007) 34 WAR 67 ............................................................................... 39.45, 39.75 Mavromates (deceased), Re [1964] VR 612 ............................................................................... 19.75 Mawson, Re [1939] 4 DLR 801 ............................................................................................... 15.105 Maxal Nominees Pty Ltd v Dalgety Ltd [1985] 1 Qd R 51 ............................................ 14.70, 14.130 Maxwell-​Smith v S & E Hall Pty Ltd (2014) 308 ALR 149 ........................................................... 4.155 Mayfair Trading Co Pty Ltd v Dreyer (1958) 100 CLR 428 ............................................ 37.05, 37.170 Mayne, Re (1928) 28 SR (NSW) 157 ................................................................... 17.20, 21.55, 21.85 Mayor of Sebastopol v Murray [1920] VLR 211 ....................................................................... 29.130 Mayor of Wolverhampton v Emmons [1901] 1 QB 515 ............................................................. 33.35 Mayson v Clouet [1924] AC 980 ............................................................................................... 11.20 Mazzuchelli v Mazzuchelli [2006] WASC 124 ................................................................. 1.130, 2.105 McAuliffe (deceased), Re [1944] St R Qd 167 ......................................................................... 17.170 McBride v Sandland (1918) 25 CLR 69 ......................................................................... 12.05, 12.15, 12.45, 12.50 MCC Proceeds Inc v Lehman Bros International (Europe) [1998] 4 All ER 675 .......... 1.05, 16.65, P.40 McCallum v McCallum [2017] NZHC 1218 at [23]–​[29] per Woodhouse J. ............................... 21.55 McCathie v McCathie [1971] NZLR 58 ..................................................................................... 10.10 McCaughey v Commissioner of Stamp Duties (1946) 46 SR (NSW) 192 ................................. 16.205 McCaul v Fraser (1915) 34 NZLR 680 ..................................................................................... 24.170 McClaren v News Group Newspapers Ltd [2012] EMLR 33 ....................................................... 6.105 McClymont v Critchley [2011] NSWSC 493 .............................................................................. 4.240 McColl's Wholesale Pty Ltd v State Bank of New South Wales [1984] 3 NSWLR 365 .................. 24.65 McCormack v Stevens [1978] 2 NSWLR 517 ........................................................................... 29.325 McCormick v Grogan (1869) LR 4 HL 82 ...................................................... 8.35, 18.45, 18.60, P.90 McCracken v Attorney-​General [1995] 1 VR 67 ............................................. 17.115, 29.295, 29.305 McCraith v Fraser (1991) 6 ANZ Ins Cases ¶61–​061 ......................... 10.100, 10.235, 10.265, 10.290 McCready, Re (2004) 12 BPR 22,327 ...................................................................................... 21.140 McCutcheon, Re Will and Estate of [1960] VR 289 .................................................................. 22.140 McDonald v Dennys Lascelles Ltd (1933) 48 CLR 457 .................................................... 1.100, 11.20 McDonald v Ellis (2007) 72 NSWLR 605 ............................................................. 20.30, 20.35, 20.45 McDonald v Hanselmann (1998) 144 FLR 463 ........................................................................ 19.135 McDonald v Isaac Construction Co Ltd [1995] 3 NZLR 612 .................................................... 38.155 McDonald's Australia Ltd v Bendigo and Adelaide Bank Ltd [2013] VSC 639 ............................. 37.75 McDonnell and East Ltd v McGregor (1936) 56 CLR 50 ............................................................ 30.90 McElroy Trust, Re [2002] 3 NZLR 99 .......................................................................... 29.310, 29.370 McElroy Trust, Re [2003] 2 NZLR 289 ........................................................................ 29.310, 29.370 McEnery, Re [1941] IR 323 ..................................................................................................... 29.155 McEvoy v Incat Tasmania Pty Ltd (2003) 46 ACSR 392 .............................................. 36.105, 36.155 McEwan v Crombie (1883) 25 Ch D 175 ................................................................................ 23.150 McEwen v Combined Coast Cranes Pty Ltd (2002) 44 ACSR 244 .............................................. 23.70 McFadden v Public Trustee for Victoria [1981] 1 NSWLR 15 .................................................... 17.120 McGarry v 14 Hiscock Street Pty Ltd [2012] VSC 573 ............................................. 1.65, 1.70, 1.155

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Table of Cases

McGaw, Re (1904) 4 SR (NSW) 591 ............................................................................. 22.80, 22.225 McGovern v Attorney-​General [1982] Ch 321 ........................................................................ 29.100 McGrath v Cohen [1978] 1 NSWLR 621 ................................................................................... 29.50 McHattan v Australian Specialised Vehicle Systems Pty Ltd (1996) 34 IPR 537 ......................... 31.105 McInerney v MacDonald (1992) 93 DLR (4th) 415 ................................................................... 4.300 McInnes, Re [1925] VLR 496 ..................................................................................................... 23.85 McIntosh (deceased), Re [1976] 1 NZLR 308 .......................................................................... 29.110 McIntosh v Dalwood (No 4) (1930) 30 SR (NSW) 415 ................................................... 33.15, 33.70 McIntyre v Perkes (1990) 22 FCR 260 ..................................................................................... 30.100 McIvor v Westpac Banking Corporation [2012] QSC 404 ...................................... 7.65, 7.130, 7.250 McKay v McKay [2008] NSWSC 177 ....................................................................................... 10.240 McKeagg v Cortland [2004] WASC 130 .................................................................................... 36.95 McKean's Caveat, Re [1988] 1 Qd R 524 ................................................................................... 2.120 McKee v Ballarat Trustees Executors and Agency Co Ltd [1910] VLR 358 ................................ 22.160 McKennitt v Ash [2008] QB 73 ...................................................................................... 6.120, 6.185 McKenzie v McDonald [1927] VLR 134 ............................................................... 4.180, 34.05, 34.55 McKenzie v Storer (2007) 1 ACTLR 183 .................................................................................. 38.165 McKeown v Byron (1903) 4 SR (NSW) 13 ............................................................................... 15.100 McKie v McKie (1898) 23 VLR 489 .......................................................................................... 26.150 McLaren v McLaren [2017] NZHC 161 ................................................................................... 22.125 McLauchlan v Prince [2002] WASC 274 .................................................................................... 21.80 McLean, Re [1930] VLR 85 ...................................................................................................... 16.180 McLean v Attorney-​General [2002] NSWSC 377 ........................................................ 29.145, 29.300 McLean v Burns Philp Trustee Co Pty Ltd (1985) 2 NSWLR 623 ................................... 24.120, 27.55 McLean v Discount and Finance Ltd (1939) 64 CLR 312 ............................... 14.125, 14.140, 14.180 McLean v McKinlay [2004] WASC 2 .......................................................................................... 36.05 McLeish v Faure (1979) 25 ALR 403 .......................................................................................... 37.25 McMahon v Ambrose [1987] VR 817 ............................................ 12.25, 12.45, 12.75, 33.05, 34.75 McMahon v Cooper (1904) 4 SR (NSW) 433 .......................................................................... 24.200 McManus v Cooke (1887) 35 Ch D 681 ............................................................. 12.05, 12.60, 12.75 McMillan v Dunoon [2005] VSC 440 .......................................................................................... 1.65 McMillan v McMillan (1891) 17 VLR 33 .................................................................................... 22.45 McNab v Graham [2017] VSCA 352 ................................................................. 10.70, 38.10, 38.250 McNair Anderson Association Pty Ltd v Hinch [1985] VR 309 .................................................... 31.15 McNally (deceased), Re [1967] NZLR 521 ............................................................................... 22.100 McNamara v Commonwealth Trading Bank of Australia (1984) 37 SASR 232 ................................................................................................ 7.65, 14.180, 14.185 MCP Muswellbrook Pty Ltd v Deutsche Bank (Asia) AG (1988) 12 NSWLR 16 ......................... 31.165 MCP Pension Trustees Ltd v Aon Pension Trustees Ltd [2012] Ch 1 ......................................... 25.160 McPhail v Doulton [1971] AC 424 .................................................. 16.180, 16.185, 17.115, 17.120, 17.130, 17.135, 29.65 McPherson v Moiler (1920) 20 SR (NSW) 535 ............................................................................ 6.55 McPhillamy's Trusts, Re (1909) 10 SR (NSW) 42 .................................................. 21.10, 21.55, 21.80 McQuade v Morgan (1927) 39 CLR 222 ................................................................................. 27.115 McRae v Commonwealth Disposals Commission (1951) 84 CLR 377 ........................................ 8.160 McWilliam v McWilliams Wines Pty Ltd (1964) 114 CLR 656 ................................................... 38.155 Mecca, The [1897] AC 286 ..................................................................................................... 39.100 Mechenex Pacific Services Ltd v TCA Airconditioning (New Zealand) Ltd [1991] 2 NZLR 393 ......................................................................................................................... 8.180 Medforth v Blake [2000] Ch 86 ............................................................... 36.30, 36.50, 36.65, 36.70 Media Works NZ Ltd v Sky Television Ltd (2007) 74 IPR 205 ..................................................... 31.90 Media World Communications Ltd (Administrator Appointed) v Clark [2004] FCA 1609 ........... 32.55 Medrad Inc v Alpine Pty Ltd (2009) 82 IPR 101 ........................................................................ 31.90 Meehan v Glazier Holdings Pty Ltd (2002) 54 NSWLR 146 ..................................................... 24.105

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Equity and Trusts in Australia

Meek v Bennie [1940] NZLR 1 .................................................................................................. 22.40 Meerkin & Apel v Rossett Pty Ltd (No 2) [1999] 2 VR 31 ................................................ 4.325, 34.60 Meeseena v Carr (1870) LR 9 Eq 260 ........................................................................................ 22.65 Meftah v Lloyds TSB Bank plc [2001] 2 All ER (Comm) 741 ....................................................... 36.55 Mehmet v Benson (1963) 81 WN (Pt 1) (NSW) 188 ................................................................. 11.80 Mehmet v Benson (1965) 113 CLR 295 .......................................................... 11.80, 33.150, 33.160 Meinck, Re [1944] SASR 202 ................................................................................................... 22.155 Meinhard v Salmon (1928) 164 NE 545 ..................................................................................... 4.10 MEK Nominees Pty Ltd v Billboard Entertainments Pty Ltd (1993) V Conv R ¶54–​468 ............... 30.90 Melacare Industries of Australia Pty Ltd v Daley Investments Pty Ltd (1995) 9 BPR 17,079 .................................................................................. 11.10, 11.90, 11.105, 38.160 Melacare International Ltd (in receivership) v Daley Investments Pty Ltd (1999) 9 BPR 17,095 .......................................................................................................... 11.90, 11.105 Melbourne Anglican Trust Corporation v Attorney-​General [2005] VSC 481 ........................... 29.360 Melbourne, City of v Hamas Pty Ltd (1987) 62 LGRA 250 ....................................................... 31.110 Melbourne Linh Son Buddhist Society Inc v Gippsreal Ltd [2017] VSCA 161 ............................. 13.55 Melbourne Orthopaedic Group Pty Ltd v Stamford Aus-​Trade & Press Pty Ltd [2015] VSCA 150 .......................................................................................................................... 26.110 Melbourne Tramways Trust v Melbourne Tramway & Omnibus Co Ltd (1887) 13 VLR 487 .......................................................................................................................... 1.150 Mellody, Re [1918] 1 Ch 228 .................................................................................................. 29.260 Mellor v Mellor [1992] 4 All ER 10 .......................................................................................... 36.125 Melton, Re [1918] 1 Ch 37 ..................................................................................................... 25.150 Melverton v Commonwealth Development Bank of Australia (1989) ASC ¶55–​921 .................... 9.40 Melway Publishing Pty Ltd v Robert Hicks Pty Ltd (2001) 205 CLR 1 .............................. 31.15, 31.65 Memory Corporation plc v Sidhu (No 2) [2000] 1 WLR 1443 ...................................... 30.175, 31.85 Mendelssohn v Centrepoint Community Growth Trust [1999] 2 NZLR 88 .......... 21.05, 21.20, 21.80 Menelaou v Bank of Cyprus UK Ltd [2016] AC 176 ........................................................ 14.15, 14.95 Mengel's Will Trusts, Re [1962] Ch 791 ...................................................................... 15.100, 15.105 Mense v Milenkovic [1973] VR 784 .................................................................................. 6.25, 6.175 Mentech Resources Pty Ltd v MCG Resources Pty Ltd (in liq) (2012) 188 LGERA 140 .................. 2.60 MEPC Australia Ltd v Commonwealth [1973] 2 NSWLR 848 ..................................................... 22.65 Mercanti v Mercanti [2014] WASC 64 ....................................................................................... 20.35 Mercanti v Mercanti (2016) 50 WAR 495 .................................................................... 20.130, 21.55, 23.70, 25.10, 25.20 Mercantile Credits Ltd v Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Ltd (1988) 48 SASR 407 .......................................................................................................................... 2.90 Mercantile Credits Ltd v Jarden Morgan Australia Ltd (1990) 1 ACSR 805 ........................ 1.160, 2.15 Mercantile Mutual Insurance (Australia) Ltd v Farrington (1996) 44 NSWLR 634 ....................... 27.80 Mercantile Mutual Insurance (Australia) Ltd v QBE Workers Compensation (NSW) Ltd (2004) 61 NSWLR 655 ....................................................................................................... 14.190 Mercedes-​Benz AG v Leiduck [1996] AC 284 ........................................... 31.25, 32.05, 32.15, 32.35 Mercedes Holdings Pty Ltd v Waters (No 2) (2010) 186 FCR 450 .............................................. 24.20 Mercer, Ex parte (1886) 17 QBD 290 ...................................................................................... 19.140 Mercer Superannuation (Australia) Ltd v Billinghurst [2016] FCA 1274 ................................... 25.253 Mercer Superannuation (Australia) Ltd v Billinghurst (2017) 255 FCR 144 .............................. 28.235 Mercer v Petroleum Drilling Services (Australia) Pty Ltd (1985) 39 SASR 277 .......................... 14.210 Mercier Rouse Street Pty Ltd v Burness [2015] VSCA 8 ................................................. 16.15, 38.155 Mercier v Mercier [1903] 2 Ch 98 ........................................................................................... 26.125 Mergenthaler Linotype Company v Intertype Ltd (1926) 43 RPC 381 ..................................... 37.175 Merkel v Superannuation Complaints Tribunal [2010] FCA 564 .............................................. 28.235 Merriman v Perpetual Trustee Co Ltd (1896) 17 LR (NSW) Eq 325 .......................................... 22.225 Meshumar v Otmy [2018] NSWSC 125 ......................................................................... 12.50, 12.80 Messenger v Andrews (1828) 4 Russ 478; 38 ER 885 .............................................................. 16.160

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Table of Cases

Metal Manufacturers Ltd v Federal Commissioner of Taxation (1999) 43 ATR 375 .................. 19.150 Meth & Co (Australia) Pty Ltd v Commercial Banking Company of Sydney Ltd (1977–​78) ACLC ¶40–​302  ........................................................................... 2.125, 2.130, 16.115 Metlife Insurance Ltd v Visy Board Pty Ltd (2008) 15 ANZ Ins Cas ¶61–​750 ................... 37.70, 37.75 Metropolitan Petar v Mitreski [2001] NSWSC 976 .................................................................... 29.15 Metropolitan Transit Authority v Waverley Transit Pty Ltd [1991] 1 VR 181 ................................................................................................. 10.150, 10.235, 10.280 Mettoy Pension Trustees Ltd v Evans [1990] 1 WLR 1587 ................................ 23.50, 28.150, 28.155 Mexfield Housing Co-​operative Ltd v Berrisford [2011] Ch 244 ................................................ 1.165 Meyers, Re [1951] 1 Ch 534 ................................................................................................... 29.245 Meyers v Casey (1913) 17 CLR 90 .......................................................................................... 30.170 Meynert v Leafdale Pty Ltd [2005] WASC 102 ......................................................................... 16.205 MGM Bailey Enterprises v Austin Australia (2002) 20 ACLC 765 .............................................. 10.380 MI Design Pty Ltd v Dunecar Pty Ltd (2001) NSW ConvR ¶55–​969 ......................................... 11.120 Micarone v Perpetual Trustees Australia Ltd (1999) 75 SASR 1 ..................................................................... 7.45, 7.165, 9.05, 9.35, 9.80, 9.85, 9.90, 9.110, 9.120, 9.155, 35.15, 35.25 Michael Malouf, Re [1934] QSR 82 ......................................................................................... 21.125 Michael v Callil (1945) 72 CLR 509 ......................................................................................... 22.155 Michael v Equity Trustees, Executors & Agency Co Ltd [1964] VR 688 .................................... 25.165 Michael Wilson & Partners Ltd v Nicholls (2011) 244 CLR 427 .................................................. 38.70 Michalopoulos v Perpetual Trustees Victoria Ltd [2010] NSWSC 1450 ....................................... 9.195 Michel's Trusts, Re (1860) 28 Beav 39; 54 ER 280 ................................................................... 29.155 Microsoft Corporation v Goodview Electronics Pty Ltd (1999) 46 IPR 159 .................. 32.155, 32.165 Midill (97PL) Ltd v Park Lane Estates Ltd [2009] 2 All ER 1067 .................................................. 11.75 Midland Bank plc v Cooke [1995] 4 All ER 562 ......................................................................... 26.75 Midland Bank plc v Massey [1995] 1 All ER 929 ........................................................................ 7.180 Midland Bank plc v Shephard [1988] 3 All ER 17 ........................................................................ 7.80 Midland Bank Trust Co Ltd v Green [1981] AC 513 ........................................................ 2.125, 2.130 Midleton's Will Trusts, Re [1969] 1 Ch 600 ................................................................................ 17.75 Mihalopous, Re (1956) 5 DLR (2d) 628 ..................................................................................... 18.65 Mikaelian v Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (1999) 163 ALR 172 .......................................................................................................................... 8.95 Milankov, Marriage of (2002) 28 Fam LR 514 ......................................................................... 20.135 Milcap Publishing Group AB v Coranto Corporation Pty Ltd (1995) 32 IPR 34 ............... 31.80, 31.85 Milchas Investments Pty Ltd v Larkin (1989) 96 FLR 464 ........................................... 10.235, 10.305, 10.325, 10.345 Miles v Official Receiver in Bankruptcy (1963) 109 CLR 501 ....................................... 14.215, 14.240 Miles v Shell Company of Australia (1998) 156 ALR 133 ........................................................... 9.105 Millard v Lucas [1936] SASR 166 ............................................................................................. 26.150 Miller & Aldworth Ltd v Sharp [1899] 1 Ch 622 ....................................................................... 12.75 Miller Heiman Pty Ltd v Sales Principles Pty Ltd (2017) 94 NSWLR 500 .......................... 10.45, 10.95 Miller Paving Ltd v B Gottardo Construction Ltd (2007) 86 OR (3d) 161 .................................. 8.190 Miller v Cameron (1936) 54 CLR 572 .............................................................. 21.75, 21.80, 21.105, 21.125, 21.130 Miller v Dudman (2002) DFC ¶95–​256 ................................................................................... 26.100 Miller v Evans [2010] WASC 127 ............................................................................................... 34.95 Miller v Jackson [1977] QB 966 ............................................................................................... 31.150 Miller v Miller (1995) 16 ACSR 73 ............................................................................................. 4.115 Miller v Sutherland (1990) 14 Fam LR 416 .............................................................................. 38.180 Miller v Thurgood (1864) 33 Beav 496; 55 ER 461 ................................................................. 15.115 Millett v Regent [1975] 1 NSWLR 62 .................................................................. 12.05, 12.15, 12.25 Milling v Hardie [2014] NSWCA 163 ........................................................................ 10.110, 10.170, 10.240, 10.245, 10.275

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Equity and Trusts in Australia

Mills (deceased), Re [1952] SASR 274 ........................................... 15.70, 15.75, 15.80, 15.85, 15.90 Mills (deceased), Re (1981) 27 SASR 200 ................................................................................ 29.155 Mills, Re [1934] VLR 158 ......................................................................................................... 29.330 Mills v Farmer (1815) 1 Mer 55; 35 ER 597 ............................................................................. 29.380 Mills v Haywood (1877) 6 Ch D 196 ......................................................................................... 30.50 Mills v Mills (1938) 60 CLR 150 ................................................................................................ 4.130 Mills v Mills [2015] WTLR 1631 ............................................................................................... 22.110 Mills v Ruthol Pty Ltd (2002) 10 BPR 19,381 ............................................................................. 2.110 Mills v Ruthol Pty Ltd (2004) 61 NSWLR 1 ................................................................... 34.75, 34.120 Mills v Sportsdirect.com Retail Ltd [2010] 2 BCLC 143 ............................................................. 33.60 Millstream Pty Ltd v Schultz [1980] 1 NSWLR 547 .................................................................... 34.75 Milne v James (1910) 13 CLR 168 ............................................................................................. 2.130 Milroy v Lord (1862) 4 De GF & J 264; 45 ER 1185 ................................................................... 18.90 Milward v Earl Thanet (1801) 5 Ves 720n ............................................................................... 33.175 Mimi v Millennium Developments Ltd (2004) V ConvR ¶54–​687 ................................................ 2.50 Minchin v Gabbett [1896] 1 IR 1 ............................................................................................ 15.105 Mincode Pty Ltd v ISA Pty Ltd (1996) 17 WAR 245 ................................................................. 37.115 Mineaplenty Pty Ltd v Trek 31 Pty Ltd [2007] ANZ Conv R 123 ................................................ 11.95 Minehan v AGL Employees Superannuation Pty Ltd (1998) 134 ACTR 1 ................................... 23.40 Mineral Resources, Minister for v Newcastle Newspapers Pty Ltd (1997) 40 IPR 403 ...................................................................................................... 6.30, 6.155, 6.240, 6.250, 6.265, 6.320 Mineralogy Pty Ltd v Sino Iron Pty Ltd [2016] WASCA 105 ..................................................... 31.145 Minister for Mineral Resources v Newcastle Newspapers Pty Ltd (1997) 40 IPR 403 ............................................................................... 6.155, 6.245, 6.255, 6.265, 6.320 Ministry of Defence v Ashman [1993] 2 EGLR 102 ....................................................................... P.60 Ministry of Health v Simpson [1951] AC 251 .................................................. 8.135, 24.130, 24.135 MINMXT Holdings Pty Ltd (in liq), Re [2017] NSWSC 156 ...................................................... 23.125 Minter v Minter (2000) 10 BPR 18,133 ...................................................................................... P.110 Mio Art Pty Ltd v Mango Boulevard Pty Ltd (No 6) [2015] QSC 116 ........................................... 3.35 Miorada v Miorada [2005] WASC 105 .......................................................... 21.120, 22.115, 23.160 Mir Bros Projects Pty Ltd v Lyons [1977] 2 NSWLR 192 .............................................. 14.225, 14.245 Mirvac (Docklands) Pty Ltd v La Rocca [2006] VSC 48 ................................................................ 9.45 Mirvac Homes (NSW) Pty Ltd v Airservices Australia (No 1) [2004] FCA 109 ............................. 37.15 Mirvac Ltd, Re (1999) 32 ACSR 107 ........................................................................................ 23.170 Misiaris v Saydels Pty Ltd (1989) NSW ConvR ¶55–​474 .......................................................... 37.125 Misner v Australian Capital Territory (2000) 146 ACTR 1 ................................... 37.75, 37.90, 37.100 Mitchell (deceased), Re (1913) 30 WN (NSW) 137 .................................................... 23.170, 23.175 Mitchell (deceased), Re [1955] VLR 120 ..................................................................... 22.120, 22.135 Mitchell v Hart (1914) 19 CLR 33 ........................................................................................... 22.165 Mitchell v Homfray (1891) 8 QBD 587 ....................................................................................... 7.55 Mitchell v Pacific Dawn Pty Ltd [2006] QSC 198 ......................................................................... 8.15 Mitchell v Saengjan (1994) 117 FLR 273 ................................................................................... 32.65 Mitchell's Trust Estate, Re (1879) 5 VLR (E) 42 ........................................................................... 21.80 Mitchner (deceased), Re [1922] QSR 39 .................................................................... 29.155, 29.175 Mitford v Reynolds (1848) 16 Sim 105; 60 ER 812 .................................................................. 17.150 Miwa Pty Ltd v Siantan Properties Pte Ltd (2011) 15 BPR 29,545 ............................................ 30.130 Miwa Pty Ltd v Siantan Properties Pty Ltd (2010) 15 BPR 28,621 ............................................ 30.130 MK & JA Roche Pty Ltd v Metro Edgley Pty Ltd [2005] NSWCA 39 ......................................... 10.100 M(K) v M(H) (1992) 96 DLR (4th) 289 ........................................................................... 4.305, 30.15 MLW Technology Pty Ltd v May [2005] VSCA 29 ...................................................................... 30.25 Moate v Moate [1948] 2 All ER 486 ............................................................................. 26.80, 26.125 Mobil Oil Australia Ltd v Wellcome International Pty Ltd (1998) 81 FCR 475 ................................................................................ 10.110, 10.190, 10.235, 10.280

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Table of Cases

Mobileworld Operating Pty Ltd v Telstra Corporation Ltd [2005] FCA 1365 .................................................................................................. 31.90, 31.100, 31.165 Modern Engineering (Bristol) Ltd v Gilbert-​Ash (Northern) Ltd [1974] AC 589 ........................ 30.130 Modern Transport Co Ltd v Duneric Steamship Co [1917] 1 KB 370 ....................................... 31.140 Moffat v Wetstein (1996) 135 DLR (4th) 298 .............................................................................. 4.10 Moffett v Dillon [1999] 2 VR 480 ..................................................................... 2.10, 2.15, 2.60, 2.65 Moffitt, Re (1910) 11 SR (NSW) 202 ......................................................................................... 23.85 Moggridge v Thackwell (1792) 1 Ves 464 ................................................................................. 15.70 Mohedo v Mohedo [2002] WASC 240 .......................................................... 10.230, 10.235, 38.270 Molestina v Ponton [2002] 1 Lloyd's Rep 271 ........................................................................... 35.25 Molloy v Commissioner of Inland Revenue [1981] 1 NZLR 688 ..................... 29.100, 29.220, 29.280 Moloney v Piachniarski (2004) 51 ACSR 564 .................................................................. 36.05, 36.95 Monds v Stackhouse (1948) 77 CLR 232 ..................................................................... 29.25, 29.265 Money Markets International Stockbrokers Ltd (in liq) v London Stock Exchange Ltd [2001] 4 All ER 223 .............................................................................................................. 19.75 Money v Money (No 2) [1966] 1 NSWR 348 ................................................ 30.175, 37.155, 37.160 Money's Will Trusts, Re (1965) 109 Sol Jo 68 ............................................................................. 29.45 Monsanto Co v Stauffer Chemical Co (NZ) [1984] FSR 559 ...................................................... 30.55 Montagu v Earl of Sandwich (1886) 32 Ch D 525 ..................................................................... 15.55 Montagu's Settlement Trusts, Re [1987] Ch 264 ..................................................................... 38.105 Montaigne Pty Ltd v Nerana at Nicholson Pty Ltd [2004] VSC 116 ........................................... 1.150 Montgomerie's Brewery Co Ltd v Blyth (1901) 27 VLR 175 ..................................................... 24.205 Montgomery v Continental Bags (NZ) Ltd [1972] NZLR 884 .................................................. 35.110 Monty Financial Services Ltd v Delmo [1996] 1 VR 65 ......................... 16.200, 21.60, 21.80, 21.120 Moodemere Pty Ltd (in liq) v Waters [1988] VR 215 ........................................... 1.80, 36.25, 36.125 Moody v Cox and Hatt [1917] 2 Ch 71 .................................................................................. 30.175 Moody v Simpson (1895) 21 VLR 244 .................................................................................... 22.225 Moon v Australian Securities and Investments Commission (2002) 43 ACSR 125 .................... 36.115 Moon's Will Trusts, Re [1948] 1 All ER 300 .................................................... 29.185, 29.190, 29.340 Moore, Re (1888) 39 Ch D 116 ................................................................................................ 19.60 Moore, Re [1956] VLR 132 ........................................................................................... 22.90, 22.145 Moore, Re Will of (1896) 17 LR (NSW) B & P 78 ....................................................................... 22.90 Moore v Dimond (1929) 43 CLR 105 ........................................................................................ 1.165 Moore v Whyte (No 2) (1922) 22 SR (NSW) 570 ......................................................... 26.55, 26.125 Moorgate Mercantile Co Ltd v Twitchings [1976] QB 225 ........................................................ 10.80 Moorgate Mercantile Co Ltd v Twitchings [1977] AC 890 ......................................................... 10.60 Moorgate Tobacco Co Ltd v Philip Morris Ltd (No 2) (1984) 156 CLR 414 ..................... 4.270, 6.215 Moran (deceased), Re [1950] SASR 209 .................................................................................. 16.200 Moratic Pty Ltd v Gordon (2007) 13 BPR 24,713 ...................................................................... 10.45 Morgan Equipment Co v Rodgers (1993) 32 NSWLR 467 ........................................... 14.45, 14.145, 14.150, 14.180 Morgan v Hart [1914] 2 KB 183 ............................................................................................. 36.130 Morgan v Wellington City Corporation [1975] 1 NZLR 416 .................................................... 29.225 Morganite Ceramic Fibres Pty Ltd v Sola Basic Australia Ltd (1987) 11 NSWLR 189 ........................................................................ 14.05, 14.30, 14.35, 14.50, 14.55 Morice v Bishop of Durham (1804) 9 Ves 399; 32 ER 656 ...................... 17.95, 20.10, 29.10, 29.275 Morish, Re [1939] SASR 305 ............................................................ 23.105, 24.105, 24.165, 24.205 Morison v Mouat (1851) 9 Hare 241; 68 ER 492 ....................................................................... 6.255 Morlea Professional Services Pty Ltd v Richard Walter Pty Ltd (in liq) (1999) 34 ACSR 371 .......................................................................................................... 24.15, 24.180 Morlend Finance Corporation (Vic) Pty Ltd v Luke (1991) ASC ¶56–​095 ..................................... 9.35 Morley v Rennoldson (1843) 2 Hare 570; 67 ER 235 ................................................................. 19.60 Morling v Morling (1992) 16 Fam LR 161 ................................................................................. 26.10 Moroney, Re (1939) 39 SR (NSW) 249 .................................................................................... 29.185

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Equity and Trusts in Australia

Morrell v Morrell (1882) 7 PD 68 .............................................................................................. 37.80 Morris, Re [1971] P 62 .............................................................................................................. 37.80 Morris v Ford Motor Co Ltd [1973] 1 QB 792 ......................................... 14.05, 14.20, 14.30, 14.40, 14.50, 14.55, 14.70, 14.180 Morris v Hanley (2003) 173 FLR 83 ....................................................................... 4.30, 4.285, 4.290 Morris v Morris [1982] 1 NSWLR 61 ....................................................................................... 38.270 Morris v Morris (1993) 9 WAR 150 ..................................................................... 20.30, 20.55, 20.65 Morrison-​Conway, Re [2018] NSWSC 685 .............................................................................. 29.225 Morrison v Russo [2012] VSC 372 ........................................................................................... 23.175 Morse v Royal (1806) 12 Ves 355; 33 ER 134 ............................................................................ 22.95 Mort v Woolf [2002] VSC 503 ................................................................................................... 32.65 Mortgage Acceptance Nominees Ltd v Australian Thoroughbred Finance Pty Ltd (1996) 69 SASR 302 .................................................................. 10.220, 10.230, 10.295, 10.310, 10.315, 10.320, 10.335, 10.340 Mortimer v Bailey [2005] 1 EGLR 75 ......................................................................................... 34.95 Mortlock v Buller (1804) 10 Ves 292; 32 ER 857 ....................................................................... 33.25 Mosley v News Group Newspapers Ltd [2008] EMLR 20 .................................................. 6.95, 6.295 Moss Steamship Co Ltd v Whinney [1912] AC 254 ................................................................. 36.105 Moss v Insurance Australia Ltd [2004] FCA 1636 ....................................................................... 9.115 Moss v Moss (1898) 19 LR (NSW) Eq 146 ................................................................................. 24.70 Moss v Moss (No 2) (1900) 21 LR (NSW) Eq 253 ........................................................................ 4.15 Motor Auction Pty Ltd v John Joyce Wholesale Cars Pty Ltd (1997) 138 FLR 118 ..................... 18.105 Motor Terms Co Pty Ltd v Liberty Insurance Ltd (in liq) (1967) 116 CLR 177 ............................ 30.40 Motor Vehicle Dealers Inst Inc v UDC Finance (1991) [1994] 1 NZLR 659 ................................. 21.45 Motor Vehicles Insurance Ltd v Woodlawn Capital Pty Ltd (2014) 290 FLR 285 ....................... 24.150 Motorola Credit Corp v Uzan (No 2) [2004] 1 WLR 113 ......................................................... 32.120 Mouat v Clark Boyce [1992] 2 NZLR 559 .................................................................................. 34.50 Mould v Canale [2017] VSC] .......................................................................... 10.70, 10.270, 38.250 Moulton v Roberts [1977] Qd R 135 ....................................................................................... 14.140 Mountain Road (No 9) Ltd v Michael Edgley Corporation Pty Ltd [1999] 1 NZLR 335 ............................................................................................ 3.35, 3.60, 3.120, 3.135 Mountney v Treharne [2003] Ch 135 ........................................................................................ 1.140 Moyes v J & L Developments Pty Ltd (No 2) (2007) 250 LSJS 61 ............................................ 23.155 Mraz v The Queen (No 2) (1956) 96 CLR 62 ............................................................................ 10.20 MSP Nominees Pty Ltd v Commissioner of Stamps (1996) 34 ATR 360 ..................................... 27.50 MSP Nominees Pty Ltd v Commissioner of Stamps (South Australia) (1999) 198 CLR 494 ..................................................................................................................... 20.125 MTM Funds Management Ltd v Cavalane Holdings Pty Ltd (2000) 35 ACSR 440 ........................................................................................................ 23.170, 23.180 Muckleston v Brown (1801) 6 Ves 52; 31 ER 934 ...................................................................... 19.20 Muir v Archdall (1918) 19 SR (NSW) 10 .................................................................................. 17.150 Muir v City of Glasgow Bank and Liquidators (1879) 4 App Cas 337 ......................................... 27.25 Muir v Open Brethren (1956) 96 CLR 166 ................................................................. 29.120, 29.240 Mulcahy (deceased), Re [1969] VR 545 ................................................................................... 29.315 Mulkearns v Chandos Developments Pty Ltd (2003) 11 BPR 21,277 ......................................... 11.05 Mulkearns v Chandos Developments Pty Ltd (No 3) (2005) 12 BPR 22,985 .............................. 11.45 Mulkearns v Chandos Developments Pty Ltd (No 4) (2005) 12 BPR 22,993 ........ 11.45, 11.75, 11.80 Mullen v De Bry (2006) 36 Fam LR 454 .................................................................................... 32.60 Mulleneux v Brennan [2002] WASC 43 ..................................................................................... 24.70 Mulligan (deceased), Re [1998] 1 NZLR 481 .......................... 22.20, 22.45, 22.120, 22.195, 22.215, 22.220, 23.160, 24.30, 24.215, 28.120 Mumford v Stohwasser (1874) LR 18 Eq 556 ................................................................. 2.100, 2.130 Munchies Management Pty Ltd v Belperio (1988) 84 ALR 700 .................................................... 8.90 Munt v Beasley [2006] EWCA Civ 370 .................................................................................... 37.100 Murad v Al-​Saraj [2005] WTLR 1573 ....................................................................... 4.35, 4.90, 34.25 cviii

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Table of Cases

Murdoch v Attorney-​General (Tas) (1992) 1 Tas R 117 ................................................. 29.10, 29.220 Muriti v Prendergast [2005] NSWSC 281 .......................................................... 37.65, 37.95, 37.100 Murphy v Abi-​Saab (1995) 37 NSWLR 280 ............................................................................... 10.20 Murphy v Burrows [2004] EWHC 1900 ................................................................................... 10.340 Murphy v Murphy [1999] 1 WLR 282 ................................................................. 20.30, 20.40, 20.55 Murphy v Overton Investments Pty Ltd (2001) 182 ALR 138 .................................... 10.110, 10.310, 10.330, 10.350 Murphy v Overton Investments Pty Ltd (2004) 216 CLR 388 ........................... 8.95, 10.110, 10.285, 10.310, 10.330, 10.350 Murphy v Wright (1992) 5 BPR 11,734 ....................................................................................... 1.65 Murphy v Zamonex Pty Ltd (1993) 31 NSWLR 557 ................................................................ 30.110 Murray v Schreuder (2009) 1 ASTLR 340 .................................................................................. 20.35 Murray v Yorkshire Fund Managers Ltd [1998] 1 WLR 951 ........................................................ 6.210 Murray's Trusts, Re [1967] NZLR 341 ........................................................................................ 25.50 Murtagh v Murtagh [2013] NSWSC 926 ................................................................................... 26.75 Muscat v Smith [2003] 1 WLR 2853 .......................................................................... 30.105, 30.110 Muschinski v Dodds (1985) 160 CLR 583 ................. 1.130, 8.190, 14.125, 14.150, 14.170, 16.160, 26.45, 26.60, 26.85, 26.100, 26.105, 38.10, 38.175, 38.195, 38.210, 38.255, 38.270, P.170 Mussoorie Bank, Ltd v Raynor (1882) 7 App Cas 321 ................................................................ 17.20 Musumeci v Winadell Pty Ltd (1994) 34 NSWLR 723 .............................................................. 10.285 Mutton v Peat [1899] 2 Ch 556 .............................................................................................. 39.100 Mutual Finance Ltd v John Wetton & Sons Ltd [1937] 2 KB 389 ................................................. 8.15 My Kinda Town Ltd v Soll [1982] FSR 147 .............................................................................. 34.140 Myers v Smith (1992) 5 BPR 11,494 ......................................................................................... 2.130

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N N A Kratzmann Pty Ltd v Tucker (No 1) (1969) 123 CLR 257 .................................................. 19.110 N B Hunt & Sons Ltd v Maori Trustee [1986] 2 NZLR 641 ............................................ 10.40, 10.165 N P Generations Pty Ltd v Feneley (2001) 80 SASR 151 ............................... 6.55, 6.65, 6.230, 6.235 Nadinic v Drinkwater (2017) 94 NSWLR 518 ............................................................................ 35.15 Nanwa Goldmines Ltd, Re [1955] 1 WLR 1080 ......................................................................... 27.65 Napier v Hunter [1993] AC 713 ............................................................... 14.05, 14.40, 14.45, 14.55 Napier v Public Trustee (WA) (1980) 32 ALR 153 ................................. 26.55, 26.60, 26.115, 26.130 Narain v Euroasia (Pacific) Pty Ltd (2009) 26 VR 387 ................................................................. 7.245 Nardell Coal Corporation (in liq) v Hunter Valley Coal Processing (2003) 178 FLR 400 .............. 36.35 Narumon Pty Ltd, Re [2018] QSC 185. ................................................................................... 28.160 Nash v Barnes [1922] NZLR 303 ................................................................................ 37.140, 37.150 Nasr v Vihervaara (2005) 91 SASR 222 ...................................................................................... 4.155 Nassif v Caminer (2009) 74 NSWLR 276 ................................................................................... 11.75 Nathan, Re [1938] VLR 72 ...................................................................................................... 23.115 Nathan v Dollars & Sense Finance Ltd [2007] 2 NZLR 747 ........................................................ 7.165 Nathan v Leonard [2003] 1 WLR 827 ...................................................................................... 16.160 National Anti-​Vivisection Society v Inland Revenue Commissioners [1948] AC 31 ........................................................................................................ 29.60, 29.100, 29.215 National Australia Bank Ltd v Blacker (2000) 104 FCR 288 ........................................................ 32.80 National Australia Bank Ltd v Bond Brewing Holdings Ltd [1991] 1 VR 386 ............................................................... 31.25, 31.40, 31.85, 31.130, 31.135, 32.125, 36.90, 36.110, 36.115, 36.120, P.75, P.170, P.175 National Australia Bank Ltd v Clowes [2013] NSWCA 179 ........................................................... 1.75 National Australia Bank Ltd v Dessau [1988] VR 521 .................................................... 32.30, 32.115 National Australia Bank Ltd v Garcia (1996) 39 NSWLR 577 ............................................. 7.255, 9.20 National Australia Bank Ltd v Golden Sea Dragon (Hobart) Pty Ltd (1992) 4 Tas R 250 .................................................................................................... 31.80, 32.20, 32.50 cix Gino, Dal Pont. Equity and Trusts in Australia, Thomson Reuters (Professional) Australia Pty Limited, 2018. ProQuest Ebook Central, http://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/usyd/detail.action?docID=5602215. Created from usyd on 2019-07-06 20:28:14.

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Equity and Trusts in Australia

National Australia Bank Ltd v Idoport Pty Ltd [1999] NSWSC 964 ............................................. 31.85 National Australia Bank Ltd v Maher [1995] 1 VR 318 ............................................................. 38.270 National Australia Bank Ltd v Nobile (1988) 100 ALR 227 ....................................... 9.40, 9.90, 9.100 National Australia Bank Ltd v Rusu [2001] NSWSC 32 .................................................. 38.75, 38.120 National Australia Bank Ltd v Satchithanantham [2009] NSWSC 21 .......................................... 7.240 National Australia Bank Ltd v Savage [2013] NSWSC 1718 ............................................ 7.220, 7.245 National Australia Bank Ltd v Starbronze Pty Ltd (2001) V ConvR ¶54–​640 ............................... 7.255 National Australia Bank Ltd v Wehbeh [2014] VSC 431 ............................................................. 7.235 National Bank of New Zealand Ltd v Murland [1991] 3 NZLR 86 .............................................. 8.180 National Bank of New Zealand Ltd v Waitaki International Processing (NI) Ltd [1997] 1 NZLR 724 ......................................................................................................................... 8.140 National Bank of New Zealand Ltd v Waitaki International Processing (NI) Ltd [1999] 2 NZLR 211 ......................................................................................................................... 8.140 National Commercial Bank (Jamaica) Ltd v Hew [2003] UKPC 51 ........................... 7.05, 7.10, 7.280 National Commercial Bank Jamaica Ltd v Olint Corporation Ltd [2009] 1 WLR 1405 ............................................................................................................ 31.90, 31.145 National Crime Agency v Robb [2015] Ch 520 ......................................................................... 35.65 National Crime Agency v Szepietowski [2014] AC 338 ............................................... 14.215, 14.240 National Education Advancement Programs (NEAP) Pty Ltd v Ashton (1995) 128 FLR 334 ........................................................................................................................ 6.175 National Grid Co plc v Laws [1997] PLR 174 ........................................................................... 28.150 National Grid Co plc v Mayes [1997] PLR 157 ........................................................................ 28.155 National Grid Co plc v Mayes [2001] 1 WLR 864 .......................................... 28.150, 28.155, 28.200 National Mutual Holdings Pty Ltd v Sentry Corp (1989) 87 ALR 539 ....................................... 31.195 National Mutual Life Association of Australasia Ltd v GTV Corporation Pty Ltd [1989] VR 747 ............................................................................................................. 31.180 National Mutual Life Association of Australia Ltd v Campbell (2000) 99 FCR 562 .................... 28.165 National Mutual Life Nominees Ltd v National Capital Development Commission (1975) 37 FLR 404 ...................................................................................................... 3.35, 3.125 National Provincial and Union Bank of England v Charnley [1924] 1 KB 431 ............................... 1.65 National Roads and Motorists' Association Ltd v Geeson (2001) 40 ACSR 1 ................................ 6.80 National Tourism Development Authority v Coughlan [2009] 3 IR 549 ................................... 29.235 National Trust of Australia v Minister for Lands, Planning and Environment (1997) 142 FLR 125 ...................................................................................................................... 31.135 National Trustees Co of Australasia Ltd v General Finance Co of Australasia Ltd [1905] AC 373 .............................................................................................. 24.165, 24.205, 24.210, 24.215 National Trustees Executors & Agency Co of Australasia Ltd v Biffin [1940] VLR 395 .................................................................................................................. 24.175, 38.55 National Trustees Executors & Agency Co of Australasia Ltd v Fenn [1924] SASR 470 .............................................................................................................. 26.110, 26.135 National Trustees Executors & Agency Co of Australasia Ltd v Trainor [1974] VR 49 ................ 16.175 National Trustees, Executors & Agency Co of Australia v McGuigan (1900) 28 VLR 273 ............ 23.90 National Trustees Executors and Agency Co Ltd v Johnson (1892) 18 VLR 386 ......................... 23.95 National Trustees Executors and Agency Co of Australasia Ltd v Barnes (1941) 64 CLR 268 ....................................................................................................................... 23.120 National Trustees Executors and Agency Co of Australasia v Federal Commissioner of Taxation (1954) 91 CLR 540 .................................................................................................. 1.05 National Trustees Executors and Agency Co of Australia Ltd v Dwyer (1940) 63 CLR 1 .............. 22.10 National Westminster Bank plc v Breeds (2001) 151 NLJ Rep 170 ............................................. 7.200 National Westminster Bank plc v Lucas [2014] WTLR 637 ....................................................... 21.115 National Westminster Bank plc v Morgan [1985] 1 AC 686 ..................................... 7.35, 7.80, 7.150 National Westminster Bank plc v Somer International (UK) Ltd [2002] QB 1286 .......... 8.120, 10.100 National Westminster Finance NZ Ltd v National Bank of NZ Ltd [1996] 1 NZLR 548n .......................................................................................................... 10.45, 10.310

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Table of Cases

Nationwide News Pty Ltd v Samalot Enterprises Pty Ltd (No 2) (1986) 5 NSWLR 227 ......................................................................................................... 1.105, 36.125 Nationwide News Pty Ltd v Wills (1992) 177 CLR 1 .................................................................... 5.05 Nattrass v Nattrass [1999] WASC 77 .............................................................................. 4.325, 34.60 Natural Extracts Pty Ltd v Shotter (1997) 24 ACSR 110 .................................................... 4.95, 38.30 Naumovski v Naumovski [2015] NSWSC 2 .................................................................. 1.130, 38.250 Navy Health Ltd v Deputy Commissioner of Taxation (2007) 163 FCR 1 .................... 29.245, 29.280 Naxatu Pty Ltd v Perpetual Trustee Co Ltd (2012) 207 FCR 502 ..................................... 2.90, 14.225 ND v BM (2003) 31 Fam LR 22 ............................................................................................... 10.365 Neagle v Rimmington [2002] 3 NZLR 826 ................................................................... 23.75, 23.170 Neal, Re (1993) 114 ALR 659 ........................................................................ 10.235, 10.275, 10.295 Neat Holdings Pty Ltd v Karajan Holdings Pty Ltd (1992) 8 WAR 183 ........................................ 32.60 Neazor v Hoyle (1962) 32 DLR (2d) 131 ................................................................................. 26.145 Neeve, Re [1956] QWN 21 ....................................................................................................... 21.80 Neill v Public Trustee [1978] 2 NSWLR 65 .................................................................. 16.190, 20.155 Nelan v Downes (1917) 23 CLR 546 .................................................. 29.25, 29.170, 29.195, 29.200 Nelson, Re [1928] Ch 920n .................................................................................................... 27.115 Nelson v Bellamy (2000) 10 BPR 19,011 ................................................................................... 11.75 Nelson v Nelson (1995) 184 CLR 538 .................................... 19.40, 19.45, 26.135, 26.140, 26.155, 26.160, 30.175, P.70, P.75, P.190 Nemesis Australia Pty Ltd v Commissioner of Taxation (2005) 150 FCR 152 ........ 19.80, 19.85, 20.75 Neste Oy v Lloyds Bank plc [1983] 2 Lloyd's Rep 658 ............................................................. 38.125 Nestle v National Westminster Bank plc [1993] 1 WLR 1260 ........................... 22.20, 22.215, 28.120 Netline Pty Ltd v QAV Pty Ltd (No 2) [2015] WASC 113 ........................................................... 33.80 Network Finances Ltd v Deposit and Investment Co Ltd [1972] QWN 10 ................................... 2.90 Network Foods International Pty Ltd v Cadbury Schweppes Pty Ltd (1988) 83 ALR 134 .......... 31.145 Neville Estates Ltd v Madden [1962] Ch 832 ................................................ 17.170, 29.170, 29.195 Neville Jeffress Advertising Pty Ltd v Barlow (No 2) (unreported, SC(Tas), Zeeman J, 15 October 1993) .............................................................................................................. 31.190 Neville v Wilson [1997] Ch 144 ................................................................................................ 18.25 Nevin v Beneficiaries of the Peppermint Beach Estate Trust [2002] WASC 300 .......................... 24.45 New Brunswick & Canada Railway & Land Co v Muggeridge (1859) 4 Drew 686; 62 ER 263 ...................................................................................................... 33.120 New Cap Reinsurance Corporation Ltd v General Cologne Re Australia Ltd [2004] NSWSC 781 ......................................................................................................................... 38.80 New Galaxy Investments Pty Ltd v Thomson (2017) 18 BPR 36,811 ......................................... 1.100 New, Re [1901] 2 Ch 534 ......................................................................................................... 25.25 New South Wales Nursing Service and Welfare Association for Christian Scientists v Willoughby Municipal Council [1968] NSWR 791 .............................................................. 29.125 New South Wales Women's Aboriginal Corporation (in liq) v Commissioner of Dormant Funds (2004) 12 BPR 22,381 .............................................................................. 29.350 New York Taxicab Co, Re [1913] 1 Ch 1 ................................................................................... 36.80 New Zealand Baking Trades Employees' Industrial Union v General Foods Corp (NZ) Ltd [1985] 2 NZLR 110 ........................................................................................................ 31.95 New Zealand Computer Society Inc, Re (2011) 25 NZTC 20-​033 ........................................... 29.285 New Zealand Factors Ltd v Farmers Trading Co Ltd [1992] 3 NZLR 703 .................................. 30.130 New Zealand Guardian Trust Company Ltd v Presbyterian Support [2015] NZAR 922 ............ 29.370 New Zealand Insurance Co Ltd v Prudential Assurance Co Ltd [1976] 1 NZLR 84 ..................... 37.10 New Zealand Loan and Mercantile Agency Co (Ltd) v Loach (1912) 31 NZLR 292 ........................................................................................................ 14.220, 14.245 New Zealand Mäori Council v Attorney-​General [1987] 1 NZLR 641 .......................................... 5.55 New Zealand Mäori Council v Attorney-​General [2008] 1 NZLR 318 ................................. 5.45, 5.55 New Zealand Maori Council v Foulkes [2016] 2 NZLR 337 ....................................................... 21.55 New Zealand Midland Railway Co, Re (1897) 13 TLR 212 ......................................................... 36.90

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Equity and Trusts in Australia

New Zealand Mortgage Guarantee Co Ltd v Wellington Newspapers Ltd [1989] 1 NZLR 4 ........................................................................................................................... 31.175 New Zealand Netherlands Society “Oranje” Inc v Kuys [1973] 2 All ER 1222 .............................. 4.20 New Zealand Payroll Software Systems Ltd v Advanced Management Systems Ltd [2003] 3 NZLR 1 .................................................................................................................. 3.155 New Zealand Pelt Export Company Ltd v Trade Indemnity New Zealand Ltd (2004) 13 ANZ Ins Cas ¶61–​626 ...................................................................................... 10.155, 10.320 New Zealand Society of Accountants v ANZ Banking Group (New Zealand) Ltd [1996] 1 NZLR 283 .............................................................................................................. 14.60 New Zealand Society of Accountants v Commissioner of Inland Revenue [1986] 1 NZLR 147 ................................................................................................. 29.60, 29.90, 29.215 Newbigging v Adam (1886) 34 Ch D 582 ..................................................................... 35.05, 35.50 Newbon v City Mutual Life Assurance Society Ltd (1935) 52 CLR 723 ......................... 10.40, 10.220 Newby v Harrison (1861) 3 De GF & J 287; 45 ER 889 ........................................................... 31.130 Newcastle Airport Pty Ltd v Chief Commissioner of State Revenue (2014) 99 ATR 748 ........................................................................................................... 23.125, 23.130 Newcastle City Council v Kern Land Pty Ltd (1997) 42 NSWLR 273 .................. 2.140, 26.55, 26.110 Newey (deceased), Re [1994] 2 NZLR 590 .............................................................................. 38.135 Newjur Pty Ltd v Pangas (1993) 17 Fam LR 245 ................................................................ 7.80, 7.90 Newjur Pty Ltd v Pangas (1997) 140 FLR 194 ......................................................................... 19.155 Newman v Clarke [2017] 4 WLR 26 ............................................................................. 22.65, 22.105 Newman v Newman (1885) 28 Ch D 674 ................................................................................ 2.130 Newman v Phillips Fox (1999) 21 WAR 309 .............................................................................. 4.155 Newport Association Football Club Ltd v Football Association of Wales Ltd [1995] 2 All ER 87 ......................................................................................................................... 31.155 News Ltd v Australian Rugby Football League Ltd (1996) 139 ALR 193 ................... 4.30, 4.70, 4.230 Newton, Re (1936) 53 WN (NSW) 117 ................................................................................... 21.140 Nexus Mortgage Securities Pty Ltd v Ecto Pty Ltd [1998] 4 VR 220 ........................................... 31.15 Neylon v Dickens [1987] 1 NZLR 402 ........................................................................... 30.10, 34.80, 34.115, 34.120 Ng v Ashley King (Developments) Ltd [2011] Ch 115 .................................................... 11.50, 13.60 Nguyen v Scheiff (2003) DFC ¶95–​726 ................................................................................... 26.125 Niak v Macdonald [2001] 3 NZLR 334 ........................................................................... 22.45, 22.60 Nicholas' Trusts, Re (1986) 85 FLR 188 ...................................................................... 16.175, 23.175 Nicholas v Equity Trustees & Executors Agency Co Ltd (SC(Vic), Harper J, 27 March 1996, unreported) ............................................................................................... 25.65 Nicholas v Thompson [1924] VLR 554 ........................................................................................ 8.90 Nicholls v Michael Wilson & Partners Ltd [2012] NSWCA 383 .................................................... 4.95 Nicholls v Nelson [2006] NSWSC 813 ............................................................................ 21.20, 21.80 Nichols v Jessup [1985] ANZ Conv R 246 ................................................................................... 9.40 Nichols v Jessup [1986] 1 NZLR 226 ................................................................................ 9.40, 9.125 Nichols v Jessup (No 2) [1986] 1 NZLR 237 ................................................................................ 9.55 Nichols v Nichols (1986) 4 BPR 9240 ...................................................................................... 38.175 Nicholson Street Pty Ltd (recs & mgrs apptd) (in liq) v Letten [2016] VSCA 157 ....................... 24.10 Nichrotherm Electrical v Percy [1956] RPC 272 ......................................................................... 6.235 Nick Kritharas Holdings Pty Ltd (in liq) v Gatsios Holdings Pty Ltd (2001) 38 ACSR 57 ............ 24.140 Nicoll v Cutts [1985] BCLC 322 ................................................................................................ 36.35 Nigel Watts Fashion Agencies Pty Ltd v GIO General Ltd (1995) 8 ANZ Ins Cases ¶61–​235 ..................................................................................... 10.165, 10.295 Nilant, Ex parte (2004) 28 WAR 81 ......................................................................................... 23.170 NIML Ltd v Man Financial Australia Ltd [2004] VSC 449 ......................................................... 38.120 Ninemia Maritime Corporation v Trave Schiffahrtgesellschaft mbH Und Co KG [1983] 1 WLR 1412 ......................................................................................................................... 32.45 Ninety Five Pty Ltd (in liq) v Banque Nationale de Paris [1988] WAR 132 ....................... 24.60, 24.70

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Table of Cases

Nintendo Co Ltd v Care (2000) 52 IPR 34 ............................................................................... 31.155 Niru Battery Manufacturing Co v Milestone Trading Ltd [2004] QB 985 ........................ 8.120, 8.130 Nishi v Rascal Trucking Ltd [2013] 2 SCR 438 ......................................................................... 26.100 Nissen v Grunden (1912) 14 CLR 297 .......................................................................... 21.120, 22.90 Nixon v Furphy (1926) 26 SR (NSW) 409 ...................................................................... 24.60, 24.65 Niyazi's Will Trusts, Re [1978] 1 WLR 910 ................................................................................ 29.120 No 68 Ltd v Eastern Services Ltd [2006] 2 NZLR 43 ................................ 30.10, 30.15, 30.20, 30.40, 30.50, 30.80, 33.175 Noack v Noack [1959] VR 137 ................................................................................................ 26.140 Noakes v J Harvy Holmes & Son (1979) 26 ALR 297 ............................................................... 19.145 Noble v Meynott (1851) 14 Beav 471; 51 ER 367 ..................................................................... 24.10 Nocton v Lord Ashburton [1914] AC 932 .............................................8.05, 8.90, 34.05P.155, P.155 Nokes v Doncaster Amalgamated Collieries Ltd [1940] AC 1014 ................................................. 3.40 Nolan v Collie (2003) 7 VR 287 ................................................................................. 23.130, 23.135 Nolan v Nolan (2003) 10 VR 626 ................................................................................. 18.105, 24.15 Nolan v Nolan [2004] VSCA 109 ............................................................................................ 24.195 Nolan v Nolan [2014] QSC 218 .............................................................................................. 10.135 Nolan v Nolan [2015] QCA 199 .............................................................................................. 38.205 Noon v Bondi Beach Astra Retirement Village Pty Ltd (2010) 15 BPR 28,221 .......................... 10.205 Noordennen v Rofe [2006] VSCA 253 ..................................................................................... 38.230 Noosa Shire Council v T M Burke Estates Pty Ltd [2000] 1 Qd R 398 ......................................... 37.25 Noranda Australia Ltd v Lachlan Resources NL (1988) 14 NSWLR 1 ........................ 4.30, 4.60, 4.215 Norberg v Wynrib (1992) 92 DLR (4th) 449 ................................................................ 4.300, 34.125 Norbrook Laboratories Ltd v Bomac Laboratories Ltd [2004] 3 NZLR 49 ................................... 6.225 Norbrook Laboratories Ltd v Bomac Laboratories Ltd [2006] UKPC 25 ...................................... 6.225 Norgard v Abco Holdings Pty Ltd [2001] WASC 324 ............................................................... 33.175 Norilya Minerals Pty Ltd v Ireland (1994) 12 WAR 485 .............................................................. 32.35 Norman v FEA Plantations Ltd (2011) 195 FCR 97 .................................................................. 30.130 Norman v Federal Commissioner of Taxation (1963) 109 CLR 9 ..................... 3.05, 3.35, 3.40, 3.45, 3.80, 3.100, 3.105, 3.110, 3.150, 17.75, 18.95, P.95 Normanby v Devonshire (1697) 2 Freeman 216; 22 ER 1169 ................................................... 12.05 Norris, Re (1884) 27 Ch D 333 ................................................................................................. 21.55 Norsemeter Holdings v Boele [2004] NSWSC 139 .................................................................... 32.25 North British and Mercantile Insurance Co v London, Liverpool and Globe Insurance Co (1877) 5 Ch D 569 ....................................................................................................... 14.190 North-​Eastern Railway Company v Martin (1848) 2 Ph 758; 41 ER 1136 ................................. 34.140 North of England Zoological Society v Chester Rural District Council [1959] 3 All ER 116 ....... 29.145 North Queensland Conservation Council Inc v Executive Director Queensland Parks and Wildlife Service [2000] QSC 172 ................................................................................... 37.45 North West County District Council v J I Case (Australia) Pty Ltd [1974] 2 NSWLR 511 ....................................................................................................... 10.360, 10.365 Northcorp Ltd v Allman Properties (Aust) Pty Ltd [1994] 2 Qd R 405 ........................................ 32.60 Northern Counties of England Fire Insurance Company v Whipp (1884) 26 Ch D 482 ............. 2.140 Northern Developments Holdings Ltd, Re (unreported, 6 October 1978) ................................. 27.85 Northern Drivers Union v Kawau Island Ferries Ltd [1974] 2 NZLR 617 ..................................... 31.90 Northern Star Agriculture Pty Ltd v Morgan and Banks Developments Pty Ltd (2007) 13 BPR 24,163 .................................................................................. 1.65, 31.90, 31.100, 31.165 Northey v Juul [2014] NSWSC 464 ............................................................................ 23.130, 23.175 Norway v Rowe (1812) 19 Ves 144; 34 ER 472 ......................................................................... 36.90 Norwegian American Cruises A/​S v Paul Mundy Ltd (The “Vistafjord”) [1988] 2 Lloyd's Rep 343 ........................................................................................................ 10.35, 10.45 Norwich Charities, Re (1837) 2 My & Cr 275; 40 ER 645 .......................................................... 21.05

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Equity and Trusts in Australia

Nottage, Re [1895] 2 Ch 649 ................................................................................................. 29.255 Notter v Girault [2004] ANZ Conv R 503 .................................................................................. 11.75 Novasource Consulting Pty Ltd v Primelife Property Holdings Pty Ltd (2003) V ConvR ¶54–​671 ................................................................................................................ 11.95 Novoship (UK) Ltd v Mikhaylyuk [2015] QB 499 .................................. 24.40, 24.195, 38.70, 38.100 Nowell v Palmer (1993) 32 NSWLR 574 .................................................................................... 30.15 Noyes v Pollock (1886) 32 Ch D 53 ........................................................................................ 14.225 NSFT Pty Ltd, Re Application of (2010) 5 ASTLR 310 ..................................................... 25.35, 25.45 NSW Masonic Youth Property Trust v Attorney-​General (NSW) (2010) 5 ASTLR 211 ................. 21.70 NSW Medical Defence Union Ltd v Transport Industries Insurance Co Ltd (1986) 6 NSWLR 740 .......................................................................................................... 37.100, 37.115 NSW Trustee and Guardian, Re Application of (2014) 12 ASTLR 513 ....................................... 23.170 NT Power Generation Pty Ltd v Trevor (2000) 23 WAR 482 ............................................... 3.35, 3.45 Nudd v Official Trustee in Bankruptcy (2002) 11 BPR 20,163 ...................................................... 1.65 Num-​Hoi, Pon-​Yu, Soon-​Duc Society Inc v Num Pon Soon Inc (2001) 4 VR 527 ....................... 29.15 Nunn v Fabian (1865) 1 LR Ch App 35 ..................................................................................... 12.75 Nurisvan Investment Ltd v Anyoption Holdings Ltd [2017] VSCA 141 ....................................... 33.60 Nwai Pty Ltd v Johnson (2005) 12 BPR 23,939 ......................................................................... 11.75 NWL Ltd v Woods [1979] 1 WLR 1294 ....................................................................... 31.125, 31.165 NZ Netherlands Society v Kuys [1973] 2 All ER 1222 .................................................................. 4.05 NZI Capital Corporation Ltd v Poignand (1997) ATPR ¶41–​586 ..................................... 9.155, 35.20 NZI Insurance Australia Ltd v Baryzcka (2003) 85 SASR 497 ...................................................... 1.165

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O Oakacre Ltd v Claire Cleaners (Holdings) Ltd [1982] Ch 197 ...................................... 34.100, 34.115 Oakes v Turquand (1867) LR 2 HL 325 ..................................................................................... 35.75 Oates Properties Pty Ltd v Commissioner of State Revenue (2003) 53 ATR 596 ....................... 37.115 Oatway, Re [1903] 2 Ch 356 .................................................................................................... 39.70 OBG Ltd v Allan [2008] 1 AC 1 ............................................................................. 6.25, 6.110, 6.115 O'Brien, Re [1929] SASR 420 .................................................................................................. 16.190 O'Brien, Re (1971) 2 SASR 9 ..................................................................................................... 23.90 O'Brien, Re [1974] 1 NZLR 58 ..................................................................................................... 8.55 O'Brien v Australia and New Zealand Bank Ltd (1971) 5 SASR 347 ............................................ 30.10 O'Brien v Komesaroff (1982) 150 CLR 310 ..................................................... 6.25, 6.50, 6.80, 6.215 O'Brien v Sheahan [2002] FCA 1292 ....................................................................................... 10.155 O'Brien v Smith [2013] 1 Qd R 223 .......................................................................................... 26.25 O'Brien v Tanning Research Laboratories Inc (1988) 14 NSWLR 601 ......................................... 10.30 O'Brien v Walker (1981) 5 ACLR 564 ......................................................................................... 26.60 Occidental Life Insurance Co of Australia Ltd v Bank of Melbourne (1991) 7 ANZ Ins Cases ¶61–​201  .................................................................................................................... 24.10 Ocean Dynamics Charter Pty Ltd v Hamilton Island Enterprises Ltd [2015] FCA 460 ............... 31.145 Oceanic Steam Navigation Co v Sutherberry (1880) 16 Ch D 236 ............................................ 22.40 Oceanica Castelana Armadora SA v Mineralimportexport [1983] 2 All ER 65 ........................... 32.100 O'Connor v Hart [1985] AC 1000 ............................................................................................. 9.125 O'Connor v S P Bray Ltd (1936) 36 SR (NSW) 248 ..................................................... 15.100, 15.105 Octavo Investments Pty Ltd v Knight (1979) 144 CLR 360 ................. 23.120, 23.125, 23.130, 27.30 Ocular Sciences Ltd v Aspect Vision Care Ltd [1997] RPC 289 ............ 6.40, 6.55, 6.85, 6.215, 6.220, 6.320, 6.370, 6.375, 37.175 OD Transport Pty Ltd v Western Australian Government Railways Commission (1986) 71 ALR 190 ........................................................................................................................ 31.165 O'Day v Commercial Bank of Australia Ltd (1933) 50 CLR 200 .................................................. 14.70 Odgers v Bacich Investments Pty Ltd (2007) 35 WAR 320 ......................................................... 33.25 O'Donoghue, Re [1998] 1 NZLR 116 ......................................................................... 23.135, 23.150

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Table of Cases

Officer v Haynes (1877) 3 VLR (E) 115 .................................................................................... 21.120 Official Assignee v 15 Insoll Avenue Ltd [2001] 1 NZLR 492 .................................................... 38.250 Official Assignee v NZI Life Superannuation Nominees Ltd [1995] 1 NZLR 684 ............................................................................................... 19.75, 27.115, 28.130 Official Assignee v Wilson [2006] 2 NZLR 841 ......................................................................... 20.140 Official Assignee v Wilson [2008] 3 NZLR 45 ............................................................................. 17.35 Official Receiver in Bankruptcy v Schultz (1990) 170 CLR 306 ................................................. 16.205 Official Receiver of the State of Israel v Raveh (2001) 24 WAR 53 ................................. 32.25, 32.115 Official Receiver v Feldman (1972) 4 SASR 246 ......................................................................... 35.95 Official Trustee in Bankruptcy v Citibank Savings Ltd (1995) 38 NSWLR 116 ....................................................................................... 14.125, 14.135, 14.145, 14.150, 14.155, P.110 Official Trustee in Bankruptcy v Mateo (2003) 127 FCR 217 ..................................................... 1.130 Official Trustee in Bankruptcy v Tooheys Ltd (1993) 29 NSWLR 641 ........................................ 10.350 Official Trustee v Marchiori (1983) 69 FLR 290 ........................................................................ 19.145 Official Trustee v Mitchell (1992) 38 FCR 364 ......................................................................... 19.145 Offshore Oil NL v Southern Cross Exploration NL (1985) 3 NSWLR 337 .................................... 10.10 Ogden, Re [1933] Ch 678 ......................................................................................... 17.170, 17.175 Ogden v Trustees of the RHS Griffiths 2003 Settlement [2009] Ch 162 ..................................... 23.50 Oggi Advertising Ltd v McKenzie [1999] 1 NZLR 631 ............................................................. 31.145 Ogilvie v Ryan [1976] 2 NSWLR 504 ................................................................... 12.15, 12.25, 12.30 O'Halloran v R T Thomas & Family Pty Ltd (1998) 29 ACSR 148 ...................................... 4.85, 34.05 Oil Basins Ltd v Commonwealth (1993) 178 CLR 643 ............................................................... 37.30 OJSC Oil Company Yugraneft v Abramovich [2008] EWHC 2613 .............................................. 38.70 O'Kane v ANZ Banking Group (NZ) Ltd (1992) NZ ConvC 91,234 ......................................... 31.135 O'Keefe Nominees Pty Ltd v BP Australia Ltd (1990) ATPR ¶41–​057 ........................................ 31.150 Old Grovebury Manor Farm Plant Sales & Hire Ltd v W Seymour Ltd (No 2) [1979] 3 All ER 504 ....................................................................................................................... 11.135 Old Papa's Franchise Systems Pty Ltd v Camisa Nominees Pty Ltd [2003] WASCA 11 ................ 21.45 Oldham, Re [1925] Ch 75 ...................................................................................................... 38.140 O'Leary, Re (1985) 61 ALR 674 ............................................................................................... 14.215 Olex Focas Pty Ltd v Skodaexport Co Ltd [1998] 3 VR 380 ....................................................... 9.170 Olga Investments Pty Ltd v Citipower Ltd [1998] 3 VR 485 ..................................................... 10.145 Oliver Brown Pty Ltd (No 2), Re (2012) 17 BPR 32,253 ............................................................. 12.25 Oliver, Re (1890) 62 LT 533 .................................................................................................... 16.165 Oliver v Hinton [1899] 2 Ch 264 .............................................................................................. 2.140 Oliveri v Oliveri (unreported, SC(NSW), Powell J, 29 March 1993) .......................................... 26.135 Olliver v Colonial Bank (1886) 5 NZLR 239 ............................................................................. 14.245 Olsson v Dyson (1969) 120 CLR 365 .............................................................. 3.10, 3.35, 3.70, 3.80, 18.95, 18.140, P.115 Olympic Holdings Pty Ltd v Windslow Corp Pty Ltd (in liq) (2008) 36 WAR 342 .............. 2.90, 2.100 Omar v El-​Wakil [2001] NPC 114 ................................................................................... 11.60, 11.75 On Demand Information plc v Michael Gerson (Finance) plc [2003] 1 AC 368 ............ 11.10, 11.130 One Spencer Street Pty Ltd v Maryland International Pty Ltd (2005) 12 BPR 23,113 ................. 11.75 O’Neill v Robertson-​Staton (2015) 18 BPR 35,689 .................................................................. 38.165 One.Tel Ltd (in liq) v Watson [2009] NSWCA 282 ....................................................................... 3.35 One.Tel Networks Holdings Pty Ltd, Re (2001) 40 ACSR 83 ...................................................... 36.85 Ontario Securities Commission and Greymac Credit Corp, Re (1986) 30 DLR (4th) 1 ........................................................................................................ 39.90, 39.105 Ontario Securities Commission and Greymac Credit Corp, Re (1989) 52 DLR (4th) 767 .................................................................................................... 39.90, 39.105 Ontario (Training, Colleges and Universities) v Two Feathers Forest Products LP (2013) 117 OR (3d) 227 ...................................................................................................... 27.90 Onus v Alcoa of Australia Ltd (1981) 149 CLR 27 ...................................................................... 37.45

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Equity and Trusts in Australia

Opal Maritime Agencies Pty Ltd v Baltic Shipping Co (1998) 158 ALR 416 ............................. 30.125 Opal Maritime Agencies Pty Ltd v Proceeds of Sale of Vessel MV Skulptor Konenkov (2000) 98 FCR 519 ............................................................................................................ 30.125 Oppenheim v Tobacco Securities Trust Co Ltd [1951] AC 297 ............... 29.60, 29.65, 29.75, 29.155 Optus Networks Ltd v Telstra Corp Ltd (No 3) [2009] FCA 728 ................................................. 6.180 Optus Networks Pty Ltd v City of Boroondara [1997] 2 VR 318 ...................................... 31.15, 31.40 Optus Networks Pty Ltd v Telstra Corporation Ltd (2010) 265 ALR 281 .................................... 6.180 Opus Productions Pty Ltd v Popwing Pty Ltd (unreported, SC(NSW), Santow J, 28 February 1995) .................................................................................................................... 8.110 Orakpo v Manson Investments Ltd [1978] AC 95 .......................... 14.05, 14.15, 14.20, 14.55, 14.85 Ord Forrest Pty Ltd v Federal Commissioner of Taxation (1974) 130 CLR 124 ......................... 19.140 O'Regan v Iambic Productions Ltd (1989) 139 NLJ Rep 1378 .................................................. 32.155 Organ v Sandwell [1921] VLR 622 ................................................................................... 8.40, 18.30 Oriental Inland Steam Co, Re (1874) 9 Ch App 577 ................................................................ 16.105 Orix Australia Corporation Ltd v M Wright Hotel Refrigeration Pty Ltd (2000) 155 FLR 267 ...... 35.75 Orme, Re (1883) 50 LT 51 ...................................................................................................... 26.135 Ormonoid Roofing & Asphalts Ltd v Bitumenoids Ltd (1930) 31 SR (NSW) 347 ............... 4.290, 6.60 O'Rorke v Bolingbroke (1877) 2 App Cas 814 ........................................................... 8.10, 8.15, 9.05 O'Rourke, Re Will of [1920] VLR 546 ....................................................................................... 20.120 O'Rourke v Darbishire [1920] AC 581 ....................................................................................... 20.30 O'Rourke v Hoeven [1974] 1 NSWLR 622 ................................................................................. 12.45 Orr v Ford (1989) 167 CLR 316 .............................................................. 30.10, 30.15, 30.25, 30.30, 30.65, 30.70, 30.165 Orr v Wendt [2005] WASCA 199 ..................................................................... 21.115, 22.165, 23.75 Orwell Steel (Erection and Fabrication) Ltd v Asphalt and Tarmac (UK) Ltd [1985] 3 All ER 747 ......................................................................................................................... 32.90 Osborne Park Co-​operative Society Ltd v Wilden Pty Ltd (1989) 2 WAR 77 ............................. 10.160 Osborne, Re (1989) 91 ALR 135 ............................................................................................. 38.250 Osborne v Amalgamated Society of Railway Servants [1909] 1 Ch 163 ..................................... 22.40 Osborne v Estate of Osborne [2001] VSCA 228 .......................................................... 38.135, 38.140 Osborne v Smith (1960) 105 CLR 153 ...................................................................................... 37.80 O'Shea, Re [1957] VR 352 ............................................................................................ 22.95, 22.100 O'Sullivan Partners (Advisory) Pty Ltd v Foggo (2012) 218 IR 331 ........................................... 16.160 O'Sullivan v Management Agency and Music Ltd [1985] 1 QB 428 ...................... 7.45, 7.290, 35.15 Oswal v Burrup Fertilisers Pty Ltd (2013) 295 ALR 708 .............................................................. 36.15 OT Computers Ltd (in administration) v First National Tricity Finance Ltd [2007] WTLR 165 ............................................................................................................................ 27.70 Ottaway v Norman [1972] Ch 698 ........................................................................................... 18.50 Otto Maletz, Re [1948] QWN 30 ............................................................................................ 23.175 Otway Coal Co Ltd, Re [1953] VLR 557 .................................................................................... 1.150 Oughtred v Inland Revenue Commissioners [1960] AC 206 ...................................................... 18.25 Overland, Re [1960] QWN 25 ................................................................................................. 22.110 Overlook Management BV v Foxtel Management Pty Ltd (2002) Aust Contract Rep ¶90–​143  ................................................................................................................... 9.45, 10.205 Overmyer Industrial Brokers Pty Ltd v Campbells Cash & Carry Pty Ltd (2003) ATPR (Digest) ¶46–​242  .................................................................................................................... P.90 Overmyer Industrial Brokers Pty Ltd v Campbells Cash & Carry Pty Ltd (2004) Aust Contract Rep ¶90–​181 ....................................................................................................... 10.385 Oversea Chinese Banking Corporation v Malaysian Kuwaiti Investment Co Sdn Bhd [2003] VSC 495 ..................................................................................................................... 2.90 Owen v Tate [1976] 1 QB 402 .................................................................................................. 14.20 Owens, Re [1963] NSWR 1160 ............................................................................................... 22.155 Owners —​Strata Plan 74602 v Eastmark Holdings Pty Ltd [2015] NSWSC 1981 ......................... 4.35 Owners Corporation of Strata Plan 61390 v Multiplex Corporate Agency Pty Ltd (No 2) [2012] NSWSC 322 ................................................................................... 30.150, 30.155 cxvi

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Table of Cases

Oxer v Astec Paints Australia Pty Ltd (2005) 240 LSJS 109 ......................................................... 22.30 Oxley v Hiscock [2005] Fam 211 ............................................................................................ 38.225 Ozden v Commonwealth Bank of Australia [2014] VSCA 127 ................................................. 30.115

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P P & O Nedlloyd BV v Arab Metals Co (No 2) [2007] 1 WLR 2288 ..................... 30.35, 30.40, 33.175 P & V Industries Pty Ltd v Porto (2006) 14 VR 1 .......................................................................... 4.20 P & V Industries Pty Ltd v Porto (No 2) [2007] VSC 64 ............................................................... 4.20 P A Thomas & Co v Mould [1968] 2 QB 913 ............................................................................ 6.215 P G Rogan v Rushton (NSW) Pty Ltd [2003] QSC 9 ................................................................. 30.170 P v D [2000] 2 NZLR 591 .......................................................................................................... 6.130 Pacella v Sherborne (No 2) [2010] WASC 186 ........................................................... 22.180, 22.195 Pacer v Westpac Banking Corporation Ltd (unreported, SC(NSW), Santow J, 2 August 1996) .................................................................................. 8.150, 8.160, 8.165, 8.190 Pacific Brands Sport & Leisure Pty Ltd v Underworks Pty Ltd (2006) 149 FCR 395 ................................................................................................. 3.35, 3.155, 30.160 Pacific Coal Pty Ltd v Idemitsu (Qld) Pty Ltd (unreported, SC(Qld), Ryan J, 21 February 1992) ............................................................................................................... 4.215 Pacific Homes Ltd v Consolidated Joineries Ltd [1996] 2 NZLR 652 ............................................. 1.65 Pacific Hotels Pty Ltd v Asian Pacific International Ltd (1986) 7 IPR 239 .................................... 31.50 Pacific Industrial Corp SA v Bank of New Zealand [1991] 1 NZLR 368 ....................................... 33.65 Pacific Rim Developments Pty Ltd v Anketell [1999] NSWSC 304 ............................................ 10.380 Pacifica Shipping Co Ltd v Andersen [1986] 2 NZLR 328 ................................................. 4.85, 4.325 Paciocco v Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Ltd (2015) 236 FCR 199 ....................... 9.190 Paciocco v Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Ltd (2016) 258 CLR 525 ............ 13.25, 13.35 Padbury v Clark (1850) 2 Mac & G 298; 42 ER 115 ................................................... 15.100, 15.105 Padkohe Pty Ltd v Fletcher [2006] NSWSC 102 ........................................................................ 31.50 Page v Horne (1848) 11 Beav 227; 50 ER 804 ........................................................................... 7.100 Page v Page [2002] BCL 570 ..................................................................................................... 18.45 Pagels v MacDonald (1936) 54 CLR 519 ...................................................................... 16.205, 23.85 Paget v Marshall (1884) 28 Ch D 255 ....................................................................................... 8.200 Pain, Re [1919] 1 Ch 38 .............................................................................................................. 3.35 Pakenham Upper Fruit Co Ltd v Crosby (1924) 35 CLR 386 ......................................... 33.05, 33.105 Paki v Attorney-​General [2009] 1 NZLR 72 ......................................................................... 5.45, 5.55 Paki v Attorney-​General [2011] 1 NZLR 125 ....................................................................... 5.45, 5.55 Paki v Attorney-​General [2015] 1 NZLR 67 ................................................................ 5.45, 5.55, 5.60 Palaniappan v Westpac Banking Corporation [2016] WASCA 72 ............................................. 30.130 Palette Shoes Pty Ltd (in liq) v Krohn (1937) 58 CLR 1 .......................................... 3.50, 3.105, 3.150 Palinkas v Palinkas [2009] NSWSC 92 ..................................................................................... 38.270 Palk v Mortgage Services Funding plc [1993] Ch 330 ............................................................... 36.25 Palm Gardens Consolidated Pty Ltd v PG Properties Pty Ltd (2009) 266 LSJS 25 ........ 10.200, 10.205 Palmer v Blue Circle Southern Cement Ltd (1999) 48 NSWLR 318 ............................................ 8.115 Palmer v Carey (1924) 34 CLR 380 ............................................................................................. 3.50 Palmer v Carey [1926] AC 703 .................................................................................................... 3.50 Palmer v Goren (1856) 25 LJ Ch 841 ...................................................................................... 38.150 Palmer v McAllister (1991) 4 WAR 206 ..................................................... 25.40, 25.50, 25.65, 25.70 Palmer v Permanent Trustee Co (1915) 16 SR (NSW) 162 ......................................................... 24.55 Palmer v Simmonds (1854) 2 Drew 221; 61 ER 704 .................................................................. 17.80 Paloto Pty Ltd v Herro (2015) 15 ASTLR 308 ............................................................................. 25.25 Pan Foods Company Importers & Distributors Pty Ltd v Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Ltd (2000) 170 ALR 579 .............................................................................. 36.20 Pan Macedonian Greek Brotherhood NSW Ltd v Greek Macedonian Club Ltd [2008] NSWCA 7 ............................................................................................................................ 11.95 Pandolfi v Carlsund (2012) 32 NTLR 60 .................................................................................. 31.195 cxvii Gino, Dal Pont. 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Equity and Trusts in Australia

Pankhurst v Howell (1870) LR 6 Ch App 136 ............................................................................ 15.95 Papamichael v National Westminster Bank plc [2003] 1 Lloyd's Rep 341 ........................ 8.105, 8.110 Paper Reclaim Ltd v Aotearoa International Ltd [2006] 3 NZLR 188 ........................................ 34.130 Paper Reclaim Ltd v Aotearoa International Ltd [2007] 3 NZLR 169 .......................................... 4.215 Paradise Motor Co Ltd, Re [1968] 1 WLR 1125 ................................................. 18.10, 20.85, 26.120 Paramasivam v Flynn (1998) 90 FCR 489; 160 ALR 203 ............................. 4.25, 4.305, 4.315, 30.35 Pardoe, Re [1906] 2 Ch 184 ................................................................................................... 29.175 Parente v Parente [2006] NSWSC 1154 ..................................................................................... P.150 Parfitt v Lawless (1872) LR 2 PD 462 ........................................................................................... 7.15 Parianos v Melluish (Trustee) (2003) 30 Fam LR 524 .................................................. 38.195, 38.230 Parij v Parij (1997) 72 SASR 153 ................................................................................. 38.180, 38.185 Park & Muller (liquidators of LM Investment Management Ltd) v Whyte [2015] QSC 287 ........................................................................................................................... 23.130 Park v Dawson [1965] NSWR 298 ........................................................................................... 24.115 Park v Dunn [1916] NZLR 761 .................................................................................................. 2.125 Parker v Glenninda Pty Ltd (1998) Q ConvR ¶54–​499 ............................................................... 18.30 Parker v McKenna (1874) 10 Ch App 96 ................................................................................. 22.100 Parkes Management Ltd v Perpetual Trustee Co Ltd (1977) 3 ACLR 303 ........................ 23.30, 23.40 Park’s of Hamilton (Holdings) Ltd v Campbell [2014] SC 726 ...................................................... 4.35 Parkview Qld Pty Ltd v Commonwealth Bank of Australia (2013) 11 ASTLR 19 ................................................................................................... 38.55, 38.60, P.125 Parmalat Australia Pty Ltd v VIP Plastic Packaging Pty Ltd (2013) 210 FCR 1 ........................... 31.145 Paroz, Re [1956] QWN 37 ........................................................................................................ 21.80 Paroz v Paroz (2010) 5 ASTLR 452 ............................................................................................ 9.155 Parsons, Re [1940] 1 Ch 973 .................................................................................................... 21.80 Parsons v McBain (2001) 109 FCR 120 ................................................................................... 38.255 Parsram Brothers (Australia) Pty Ltd v Australian Foods Company Pty Ltd [2001] NSWSC 436 ......................................................................................................................... 32.65 Partington, Re (1887) 57 LT 654 ............................................................................................. 23.160 Partington v Reynolds (1858) 4 Drew 253; 62 ER 98 .............................................................. 24.105 Partnership Pacific Securities Ltd, Re [1994] 1 Qd R 410 ......................................................... 30.130 Partridge v Equity Trustees Executors and Agency Co Ltd (1947) 75 CLR 149 ................................................................................................ 22.10, 23.10, 24.180, 24.200, 24.205, 24.210 Pascoe v Boensch (2008) 250 ALR 24 ............................................................................. 17.85, P.110 Pasedina (Holdings) Pty Ltd v Khouri (1977) 1 BPR 9460 ........................................... 33.125, 33.130 Pasquarella v National Australia Finance Ltd [1987] 1 NZLR 312 ............................................... 31.95 Patane, Re [1957] QSR 529 ....................................................................................................... 23.90 Patel v Ali [1984] Ch 283 ........................................................................................................ 33.130 Patel v Mirza [2017] AC 467 .......................................................................................... 19.50, 19.55 Pateman v Heyen (1993) 33 NSWLR 188 ................................................................................ 24.210 Patmore v Upton (2004) 13 Tas R 95 ........................................................................................ 2.120 Patrick Stevedores Operations No 2 Pty Ltd v Maritime Union of Australia (1998) 195 CLR 1 ................................................................................................... 31.50, 31.65, 31.150 Patrick Stevedores Operations (No 2) Pty Ltd v Port of Melbourne Corporation [2016] VSC 528 .............................................................................................................................. 37.95 Patros v Patros (2007) 16 VR 182 ................................................................................. 22.110, 25.35 Patterson v BTR Engineering (Aust) Ltd (1989) 18 NSWLR 319 ...................................... 32.40, 32.55 Paul A Davies (Australia) Pty Ltd v Davies [1983] 1 NSWLR 440 .................................... 24.80, 26.85, 39.75, 39.80 Paul Dainty Corporation Pty Ltd v National Tennis Centre Trust (1990) 94 ALR 225 ................................................................................................................. 4.65, 4.265 Paul v Constance [1977] 1 WLR 527 ......................................................................................... 18.10 Paul v Speirway Ltd (in liq) [1976] 1 Ch 220 ............................................................................. 14.85 Paulger v Butland Industries Ltd [1989] 3 NZLR 549 ................................................................. 8.180 cxviii

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Table of Cases

Pauling's Settlement Trusts, Re [1962] 1 WLR 86 ............................................... 24.160, 30.15, 30.35 Pauling's Settlement Trusts, Re [1964] Ch 303 ....................................... 7.115, 24.210, 30.15, 30.35 Pavan v Ratnam (1996) 23 ACSR 214 .............................................................................. 4.70, 4.240 Payne v McDonald (1908) 6 CLR 208 ............................................................................ 19.20, 19.55 Payne v Rowe (2012) 16 BPR 30,869 ...................................................................................... 38.250 Pazta Co Pty Ltd v Idelake Pty Ltd [2008] NSWSC 941 ............................................................ 10.115 PC Developments Pty Ltd v Revell (1991) 22 NSWLR 615 ................................... 11.05, 11.45, 13.95 Peace Hills Trust Co v Canada Deposit Insurance Corp (2007) 288 DLR (4th) 237 ................... 17.160 Peachdart Ltd, Re [1984] Ch 131 .............................................................................................. 16.75 Peachy v Duke of Somerset (1720) 1 Str 447 ............................................................................ 11.20 Pearce, Re [1936] SASR 137 ...................................................................................................... 24.60 Pearce v Bulteel [1916] 2 Ch 544 .............................................................................................. 2.125 Pearce v Public Trustee [1916] GLR 125 .................................................................................... 18.30 Pearce v Waterhouse [1986] VR 603 ......................................................................................... 32.45 Pearce v Wright (1926) 39 CLR 16 .......................................................................................... 16.165 Pearl Maintenance Services Ltd, Re [1995] 1 BCLC 449 .......................................................... 36.155 Pearson v Commissioner of Taxation (2001) 116 FCR 357 ............................................. 24.15, 24.20 Pearson v Commissioner of Taxation (2005) 218 ALR 101 ......................................................... 20.85 Pearson v Commissioner of Taxation (2006) 232 ALR 55 ........................................................... 20.85 Pearson v Inland Revenue Commissioners [1981] AC 753 ....................................................... 20.125 Peconic Industrial Development Ltd v Law Kwok Fai [2009] WTLR 999 ................................... 24.195 Pecore v Pecore [2007] 1 SCR 795 ................................................................. 26.60, 26.135, 26.140, 26.145, 26.155 Pedersen v Larcombe [2008] NSWSC 1362 .............................................................................. 4.180 Pedley-​Smith v Pedley-​Smith (1953) 88 CLR 177 ....................................................... 16.175, 16.180 Pedulla v Nasti (1990) 20 NSWLR 720 .................................................................................... 17.150 Peek v New South Wales Egg Corporation (1986) 6 NSWLR 1 .................................................. 31.75 Pegasus Securities Ltd, Re (1999) 74 SASR 396 ....................................................................... 23.180 Pejovic v Malinic [1960] SR (NSW) 184 ..................................................................................... 12.50 Pelechowski v Registrar, Court of Appeal (1999) 198 CLR 435 ............................ 32.05, 32.15, 32.20 Pelenoy Pty Ltd v Donovan Oates Hannaford Mortgage Corp [2004] NSWSC 4 ........................ 2.110 Pelham v Pelham [1955] SASR 53 ............................................................................................. 22.65 Penarth Dock Engineering Co Ltd v Pounds [1963] 1 Lloyd's Rep 359 ......................................... P.60 Pendlebury v Colonial Mutual Life Assurance Society Ltd (1912) 13 CLR 676 ............................ 36.50 Penn v Lord Baltimore (1750) 1 Ves Sen 444; 27 ER 1132 ....................................................... 32.115 Pennell, Re [1945] VLR 302 ....................................................................................................... 20.30 Pennie v Pennie [2010] NSWSC 1070 ..................................................................................... 21.140 Pennington v Waine [2002] 1 WLR 2075 .................................................... 1.60, 3.45, 3.85, 18.105, 18.145, P.115, P.120 Pennsylvania Shipping Co v Compagnie Nationale de Navigation [1936] 2 All ER 1167 ............ 35.55 Penny v Cancer and Pathological Research Institute of Western Australia (1994) 13 WAR 314 ...................................................................................................................... 29.370 Penrith Whitewater Stadium Ltd v Lesvos Enterprises Pty Ltd (2007) 13 BPR 24,799 ................. 12.05 Pentagold Investments Pty Ltd v Romanos (2002) NSW ConvR ¶56–​014 .................................. 11.75 People's Prudential Assurance Co Ltd v Australian Federal Life and General Assurance Co Ltd (1935) 35 SR (NSW) 253 .......................................................................................... 22.95 Perfection Finance Co Pty Ltd v Bar Services Pty Ltd (1975) 5 BPR 11,132 ................................ 33.45 Performance Capital Mortgage Pty Ltd v Motive Finance & Leasing Pty Ltd (2010) NSW ConvR ¶56–​263 .......................................................................................... 1.65, 2.40, 2.45 Performing Right Society Ltd v London Theatre of Varieties Ltd [1924] AC 1 .................................................................................... 3.15, 3.120, 3.125, 17.75 Perkins v Permanent Trustee Co Ltd (1923) 23 SR (NSW) 358 ................................................... 23.15 Perkins v Williams (1905) 22 WN (NSW) 107 .......................................................................... 21.130 Permanent Mortgages Pty Ltd v Vandenbergh (2010) 41 WAR 353 ......... 7.255, 9.125, 9.185, 9.195 Permanent Trustee Australia Ltd, Re (1994) 33 NSWLR 547 .................................................... 23.170 cxix

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Equity and Trusts in Australia

Permanent Trustee Australia Ltd, Re (1997) 137 FLR 190 .......................................................... 22.70 Permanent Trustee Australia Ltd v Perpetual Trustee Co Ltd (1994) 15 ACSR 722 ...................... 24.10 Permanent Trustee Co Ltd v Bernera Holdings Pty Ltd (2004) 11 BPR 21,505 ........................... 30.25 Permanent Trustee Co Ltd v University of Sydney [1983] 1 NSWLR 578 .................................. 27.120 Permanent Trustee Co of NSW Ltd v Presbyterian Church (NSW) Property Trust (1946) 64 WN (NSW) 8 ..................................................................................................... 29.155 Permanent Trustee Co v Angus (1917) 17 SR (NSW) 364 .......................................................... 23.85 Permanent Trustee Co v Dougall (1931) 34 SR (NSW) 83 ......................................................... 19.10 Permanent Trustee Co v Redman (1916) 17 SR (NSW) 60 ....................................................... 16.190 Perpetual Executor & Trustee Association of Australia Ltd v Adams [1975] VR 462 .................. 16.175 Perpetual Executors & Trustees Association v Simpson (1906) 27 ALT 179 .............................. 22.225 Perpetual Executors and Trustees Association of Australia Ltd v Wright (1917) 23 CLR 185 ....... 19.55 Perpetual Executors, Trustees and Agency Co (WA) Ltd v Western Australian Trustee, Executor and Agency Co Ltd (1942) 44 WALR 29 ................................................... 24.50, 24.105 Perpetual Investment Management Ltd, Re [2011] NSWSC 133 ............................................. 23.180 Perpetual Investment Management Ltd, Re [2014] NSWSC 784 ................................ 23.170, 23.175 Perpetual Trust Ltd v Roman Catholic Bishop of Christchurch [2006] 1 NZLR 282 ................... 29.185 Perpetual Trustee Co Ltd, Application by [2003] NSWSC 1185 .................................. 23.170, 23.180 Perpetual Trustee Co Ltd v Aspley Specialist Centre Pty Ltd [2010] QSC 232 ............................. 13.70 Perpetual Trustee Co Ltd v Cheyne (2011) 42 WAR 209 .......................................................... 22.180 Perpetual Trustee Co Ltd v Cowan (No 2) (1900) LR (NSW) Eq 278 .......................................... 23.15 Perpetual Trustee Co Ltd v Godsall [1979] 2 NSWLR 785 ............................................... 25.35, 25.45 Perpetual Trustee Co Ltd v Groth (1985) 2 NSWLR 278 ............................................. 29.145, 29.210 Perpetual Trustee Co (Ltd) v Jefferson (1938) 56 WN (NSW) 18 ................................................ 22.90 Perpetual Trustee Co Ltd v John Fairfax & Sons Pty Ltd (1959) 76 WN (NSW) 226 ............................................................................................... 17.150, 29.300 Perpetual Trustee Co Ltd v Noyes (1925) 25 SR (NSW) 226 ....................................... 22.155, 23.105 Perpetual Trustee Co Ltd v Smith (1906) 6 SR (NSW) 542 ....................................................... 23.115 Perpetual Trustee Co Ltd v Smith (1938) 39 SR (NSW) 19 .................................................. 3.50, 3.80 Perpetual Trustee Co Ltd v Smith (2010) 186 FCR 566 ................................................................ 2.60 Perpetual Trustee Co (Ltd) v St Luke's Hospital (1939) 39 SR (NSW) 408 ................................. 29.185 Perpetual Trustee Co (Ltd) v Tindal (1940) 63 CLR 232 .............................................. 16.185, 16.190 Perpetual Trustee Co (Ltd) v Waddell (1949) 49 SR (NSW) 266 .................................................... P.95 Perpetual Trustee Co Ltd v Watson (No 2) (1927) 28 SR (NSW) 43 ......................................... 24.215 Perpetual Trustee Co (Ltd) v Wittscheibe (1940) 40 SR (NSW) 501 ......................................... 29.200 Perpetual Trustees Australia Ltd v Bank of Western Australia Ltd (2004) 185 FLR 163 ................ 36.40 Perpetual Trustees Australia Ltd v Schmidt [2010] VSC 67 ......................................................... 9.195 Perpetual Trustees Queensland Ltd, Re [2000] 2 Qd R 647 ......................................... 29.145, 29.270 Perpetual Trustees Tasmania Ltd v Attorney-​General [2002] TASSC 16 .................................... 29.320 Perpetual Trustees Victoria Ltd v Burns [2015] WASC 234 ......................................................... 9.195 Perpetual Trustees WA Ltd v Kelly (1993) 8 WAR 480 ................................................. 23.125, 23.135 Perpetual Trustees WA Ltd v Riverwest Pty Ltd [2004] WASC 81 ................................................ 17.80 Perrey v Mordiesel Co Pty Ltd [1976] VR 569 .......................................................................... 31.150 Perrot Mill Pty Ltd (No 1), Re (2013) 11 ASTLR 125 ................................................................ 23.170 Perry Herrick v Attwood (1857) 2 De G & J 21; 44 ER 895 .......................................................... 2.30 Perry v Dusty Hotel Pty Ltd [2003] NSWSC 1215 .................................................................... 37.125 Perry v Perry (1870) 18 WR 482 .............................................................................................. 23.115 Perry v Shipway (1859) 1 Giff 1; 65 ER 799 .............................................................................. 22.65 Person-​to-​Person Financial Services Pty Ltd v Sharari [1984] 1 NSWLR 745 ........................ 2.40, 2.55 Perth Mint v Mickelberg (No 2) [1985] WAR 117 ........................................................... 32.30, 32.40 Peruvian Railway Construction Co Ltd, Re [1915] 2 Ch 144 .................................................... 25.150 Peskin v Anderson [2001] 1 BCLC 372 ...................................................................................... 4.115 Peso Silver Mines Ltd v Cropper (1966) 58 DLR (2d) 1 .............................................................. 4.110 Pesticcio v Huet [2004] EWCA Civ 372 .............................................................................. 7.05, 7.60

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Table of Cases

Peter Cox Investments Pty Ltd (in liq) v International Air Transport Association (1999) 161 ALR 105 ...................................................................................................................... 27.100 Peter Pan Manufacturing Corporation v Corsets Silhouette Ltd [1964] 1 WLR 96 ..................................................................................................... 6.185, 6.330, 34.150 Peter v Beblow (1993) 101 DLR (4th) 621 .............................................................................. 38.265 Peterborough Royal Foxhound Show Society v Commissioners of Inland Revenue [1936] 2 KB 497 ................................................................................................................ 29.255 Peters' American Delicacy Co Ltd v Heath (1939) 61 CLR 457 ................................................... 25.15 Peters v Lithgow Forge Pty Ltd (2011) 15 BPR 29,611 ................................................... 1.65, 26.120 Petronijevic v Milojkovic [2014] NSWSC 1337 ........................................................................ 10.275 Pettingall v Pettingall (1842) 11 LJ Ch 176 .............................................................................. 17.150 Pettit, Re [1988] 2 NZLR 513 ................................. 29.120, 29.295, 29.315, 29.325, 29.340, 29.370 Pettitt v Pettitt [1970] AC 777 ........................ 26.60, 26.75, 26.90, 26.100, 26.140, 26.160, 38.215 Pettkus v Becker (1980) 117 DLR (3d) 257 .............................................................................. 38.170 Pflugradt v Pflugradt (1981) FLC ¶91–​052 .............................................................................. 19.155 Pham v Doan (2005) 63 NSWLR 370 ........................................................................................ 26.75 Philegan & Co Pty Ltd v Blacktown Municipal Council (1974) 29 LGRA 231 ........................... 33.145 Philip Collins Ltd v Davis [2000] 3 All ER 808 ............................................................................ 8.115 Philip Morris (New Zealand) Ltd v Liggett & Myers Tobacco Co (New Zealand) Ltd [1977] 2 NZLR 35 ................................................................................................. 31.100, 31.125 Philips Electronics NV v Remington Products Australia Pty Ltd (1997) 39 IPR 283 .................... 31.155 Phillips, Re Will of (1879) 5 VLR (E) 274 .................................................................................... 21.95 Phillips v Hutchinson [1946] VLR 270 ........................................................................................ 7.115 Phillips v McCabe [2016] SASC 27 .......................................................................................... 17.150 Phillips v Mineral Resources Developments Pty Ltd [1983] 2 Qd R 138 ..................................... 30.95 Phillips v Phillips (1862) De GF & J 208; 45 ER 1164 ................................................................. 2.115 Phillips v Phillips [1993] 3 NZLR 159 ....................................................................................... 38.165 Phillips v Roberts [1975] 2 NSWLR 207 ................................................................................... 29.380 Phillips v Ten Voorde [2004] SASC 17 ..................................................................................... 38.250 Philos Pty Ltd v National Bank of Australasia Ltd (1976) 5 BPR 11,810 ........................................ 2.90 Philpott v St George's Hospital (1859) 27 Beav 107; 54 ER 42 ................................................ 29.380 Phipps v Boardman [1965] Ch 992 .............................................................................. 4.170, 34.140 Phoenix Assurance Company v Spooner [1905] 2 KB 753 ......................................................... 14.45 Phoenix Vision Coal Pty Ltd v Southern Cross Exploration NL [2012] NSWSC 461 ...................... 2.40 Phosphate Resources Ltd v Western Stevedores Pty Ltd [2003] WASC 84 .................................. 4.215 Photocure ASA v Queen's University at Kingston (2002) 56 IPR 86 ............................................ 4.155 Photosprint Australia Pty Ltd (rec & mgr appt) (in liq) (2004) 212 ALR 517 .............................. 36.45 Pianta v National Finance & Trustees Ltd (1964) 180 CLR 146 .................................................. 33.20 Pickens v Metcalf [1932] NZLR 1278 ...................................................................................... 26.135 Pickering v Smoothpool Nominees Pty Ltd (2001) 81 SASR 175 ....................... 19.20, 19.40, 22.115 Pico Holdings Inc v Voss [2002] VSC 319 .................................................................................. 31.15 Pico Holdings Inc v Wave Vistas Pty Ltd (2005) 79 ALJR 825 ....................................................... 1.75 Pieper (deceased), Re [1951] VLR 42 ............................................................................ 29.95, 29.240 Piercy, Re [1898] 1 Ch 565 ..................................................................................................... 20.120 Pike, Re [1932] SASR 264 .......................................................................................................... 17.20 Pilbright v Salwey [1896] WN 86 ............................................................................................ 17.150 Pilcher v Rawlins (1872) LR 7 Ch App 259 ..................................................................... 2.125, 2.130 Pilkington v Inland Revenue Commissioners [1964] AC 612 ............................ 23.115, 25.95, 25.100 Pilmer v Duke Group Ltd (in liq) (2001) 207 CLR 165 ..................................... 4.15, 4.20, 4.45, 4.65, 4.245, 34.50, 36.70, P.40 Pineport Ltd v Grangeglen Ltd [2016] EWHC 1318 (Ch) ......................................................... 11.105 Pinion (deceased), Re [1964] 1 All ER 890 ............................................................................... 29.160 Pink, Re [1912] 2 Ch 528 ........................................................................................................ 18.130 Pioneer Concrete Services Ltd v Galli [1985] VR 675 ........................................................ 6.55, 6.215

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Equity and Trusts in Australia

Pioneer Quarries (Sydney) Pty Ltd v Permanent Trustee Co of NSW Ltd (1970) 2 BPR 9562 ........................................................................................................................ 11.115 Piper, Re [1946] 2 All ER 503 .................................................................................................... 19.70 Pitblado & Hoskin v Swerid (2003) 233 DLR (4th) .................................................................. 33.175 Pitt Cobbett, Re (1923) 19 Tas LR 43 ...................................................................................... 29.220 Pitt (deceased), Re Estate of (2002) 84 SASR 109 .......................................... 29.310, 29.315, 29.360 Pitt v Holt [2012] Ch 132 ................................................................................... 23.50, 23.55, 23.60 Pitt v Holt [2013] 2 AC 108 ..................................................................... 8.120, 23.50, 23.60, 24.05 Pittari, Re [1967] VR 800 ........................................................................................................... 25.65 Pittorino v Pittorino [2005] WASC 97 ...................................................................................... 24.125 PJS v News Group Newspapers Ltd [2016] AC 1081 ................................................................. 6.120 Plan B Trustees Ltd v Parker (2013) 11 ASTLR 242 ................................................................... 23.170 Planet International Ltd (in liq) v Garcia [1989] 2 Qd R 427 .................................................... 32.115 Plator Nominees Pty Ltd, Re [2012] VSC 284 ............................................................................ 25.65 Platzer v Commonwealth Bank of Australia [1997] 1 Qd R 266 .................... 2.40, 2.60, 22.10, 26.10 Playoust v Hornsby [2005] VSCA 73 .......................................................................................... 19.95 Pleasants, Re (1923) 39 TLR 675 ............................................................................................. 29.235 Plimmer v Wellington City Council (1884) 9 App Cas 699 ........................................................ 2.105 Plimsoll v Drake (1995) 4 Tas R 334 ............................................................................. 22.15, 24.160 Plowright v Lambert (1885) 52 LT 646 ..................................................................................... 4.315 Plumbers, Gasfitters and Drainlayers Board v Charities Registration Board [2014] 2 NZLR 489 ....................................................................................................................... 29.285 Plus Group Ltd v Pyke [2002] 2 BCLC 201 ................................................................................ 4.125 PNC Lifestyle Investments Pty Ltd v REW08 Projects Pty Ltd (No 2) [2017] NSWSC 993 ......... 34.120 Poche, Re (1984) 6 DLR (4th) 40 ............................................................................................ 24.145 Pollard, Re (1991) 33 FCR 284 ................................................................................................ 10.365 Pollard v Clayton (1855) 1 K & J 462; 69 ER 540 ...................................................................... 30.50 Pollnow v Garden Mews-​St Leonards Pty Ltd (1984) 9 ACLR 82 ................................... 36.55, 36.110 Pollock, Re (1885) 28 Ch D 552 .................................................................................... 15.65, 15.95 Polly Peck International plc v Nadir (No 2) [1992] 4 All ER 769 ............................................... 38.105 Polygram Records Pty Ltd v Monash Records (Australia) Pty Ltd (1987) 72 ALR 35 .................. 32.155 Polymer Systems (1999) Ltd v Montgomerie [2002] 3 NZLR 383 .............................................. 16.80 Ponder, Re [1921] 2 Ch 59 ..................................................................................................... 16.205 Ponniah v Palmer [2012] NZCA 490 ......................................................................................... 22.45 Pooley v Royal Alexandra Hospital for Children (1932) 32 SR (NSW) 459 ................................ 29.135 Poort v Development Underwriting (Vic) Pty Ltd [1976] VR 779 .................................... 11.75, 11.80 Poort v Development Underwriting (Vic) Pty Ltd (No 2) [1977] VR 454 .................................... 11.80 Pope v DRP Nominees Pty Ltd (1999) 74 SASR 78 ......................................................... 21.70, 21.75 Pope v Madsen [2016] 1 Qd R 201 ........................................................................................... 4.305 Pope v Pope [2001] SASC 26 .................................................................................................. 21.130 Popovic v Tanasijevic (No 5) (2000) 34 ACSR 1 ......................................................................... 37.85 Popular Homes Ltd v Circuit Developments Ltd [1979] 2 NZLR 642 ....................................... 30.115 Port Ballidu Pty Ltd v Frews Lawyers [2017] QSC 19 ............................................................... 24.195 Port of Melbourne Authority v Anshun Pty Ltd (1981) 147 CLR 589 .............................. 10.25, 10.30 Portbury Development Co Pty Ltd v Ottedin Investments Pty Ltd [2012] VSC 147 .................... 32.50 Porteous v Rinehart (1998) 19 WAR 495 ...................................................... 16.195, 16.200, 16.205, 21.100, 21.105, 21.120 Porter, Re [1925] Ch 746 ........................................................................................................ 17.150 Portland Downs Pastoral Co Pty Ltd v Great Northern Developments Pty Ltd [2012] QCA 18 .10.320 Posner v Scott-​Lewis [1987] Ch 25 ................................................................... 33.40, 33.90, 33.135 Potter v Potter [2003] 3 NZLR 145 .......................................................................................... 26.110 Potter v Potter [2005] 2 NZLR 1 .............................................................................................. 26.110 Potters-​Ballotini Ltd v Weston-​Baker [1977] RPC 202 .................................................................. 6.85 Potters Oils Ltd, Re [1986] 1 WLR 201 ...................................................................................... 36.50 Potts, Re [1893] 1 QB 648 ......................................................................................... 36.115, 36.145 cxxii

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Table of Cases

Potts v Westpac Banking Corporation [1993] 1 Qd R 135 ......................................................... 4.250 Poulos v Svoboda (2005) 33 Fam LR 458 ................................................................................ 33.150 Poulton v Commonwealth (1953) 89 CLR 540 ........................................................................... 3.40 Pountain, Re (1888) 37 Ch 609 .............................................................................................. 36.115 Pourzand v Home Building Society Ltd [2004] WASC 127 ........................................................... 2.90 Powell, Re (1907) 7 SR (NSW) 874 ......................................................................................... 22.225 Powell v Benney [2007] EWCA Civ 1283 ................................................................................. 10.275 Powell v Brent London Borough Council [1988] ICR 176 .......................................................... 33.80 Powell v in de Braekt [2006] WASC 264 .................................................................................. 38.250 Powell v Powell [1900] 1 Ch 243 ..................................................................................... 7.30, 7.115 Powell v Powell [2002] WASC 105 ............................................................................................ 7.115 Powell v Powell [2014] NZHC 476 .......................................................................................... 21.105 Powell v State of Tasmania (2001) 10 Tas R 283 ...................................................................... 10.355 Powell v Thompson [1991] 1 NZLR 597 ................................................................................... 38.75 Power v Tabain [2006] WASC 59 ............................................................................................ 29.175 Powercell Pty Ltd v Cuzeno Pty Ltd (2004) 11 BPR 21,429 ........................................................ 18.35 Powercor Australia Ltd v Pacific Power [1999] VSC 110 ...................... 10.165, 10.330, 37.90, 37.105 Pratt v Hawkins (1991) 32 NSWLR 319 ............................................................... 11.75, 11.80, 33.05 Pratten v Warringah Shire Council [1969] 2 NSWR 161 ............................................. 10.360, 10.365 Premium Real Estate Ltd v Stevens [2009] 2 NZLR 384 .......................................... 4.185, 34.45, P.50 Prendergast v Joyce [2009] 3 IR 519 .................................................................................. 7.60, 7.80 Prentice v Cummins (2002) 124 FCR 67 ................................................................................. 19.120 Presbyterian Church (New South Wales) Property Trust v Ryde Municipal Council [1978] 2 NSWLR 387 ............................................................................... 29.175, 29.180, 29.280 Price, Re (1935) 35 SR (NSW) 444 .......................................................................................... 23.185 Price, Re [1943] 1 Ch 422 ....................................................................................................... 17.180 Price v Powers [2005] WASC 154 ................................................................................. 20.105, 21.55 Price v Powers [2006] WASCA 262 ............................................................................... 20.105, 21.55 Price v Strange [1978] Ch 337 ............................................................. 33.35, 33.45, 33.110, 34.110 Pridham v Pridham (2010) 270 LSJS 433 ................................................................................ 38.135 Pridmore v Magenta Nominees Pty Ltd (1999) 161 ALR 458 .................................................. 15.100 Priestley v Priestley [2017] NSWCA 155 ..................................................................... 10.160, 10.245 Primary Securities Ltd v Willmott Forests Ltd (recs and mgrs appt) (in liq) (2016) 50 VR 752 ........................................................................................................................... 1.105 Prime Sight Ltd v Lavarello [2014] AC 436 ................................................................................ 10.45 Prince Jefri Bolkiah v KPMG (a firm) [1999] 2 AC 222 ..................................................... 4.150, 4.155 Prince v Attorney-​General [1996] 3 NZLR 733 .......................................................................... 4.315 Princess Ann of Hesse v Field [1963] NSWR 998 ......................................................... 21.110, 22.150 Principal Financial Group Pty Ltd v Vella [2011] NSWSC 327 .................................................. 32.185 Printers and Finishers Ltd v Holloway [1965] RPC 239 ........................................................ 6.15, 6.70 Prior v Simeon (No 2) [2011] WASC 61 .................................................................................. 23.130 Pritchard v Briggs [1980] Ch 338 ............................................................................................ 38.160 Probert v Commissioner of State Taxation (1998) 72 SASR 48 ............................. 1.25, 16.205, 20.75 Producers' Defence Fund, Re [1954] VLR 246 ............................................................................ 26.35 Professional Services of Australia Pty Ltd v Mila Properties Pty Ltd [2004] WASC 30 .................. 37.95 Progressive Mailing House Pty Ltd v Tabali Pty Ltd (1985) 157 CLR 17 ...................................... 1.165 Property Force Consultancy Pty Ltd (in liq), Re [1997] 1 Qd R 300 .............................................. 4.35 Property Ventures Investments Ltd v Regalwood Holdings Ltd [2010] 3 NZLR 231 .................... 33.25 Propestate Pty Ltd (in liq), Re [2009] NSWSC 859 ..................................................................... 22.90 Proprietors of Wakatu v Attorney-​General [2017] 1 NZLR 423 ......................................... 5.55, 24.05 Proprietors Portman Place Building Units Plan No 4313, Re [1995] 1 Qd 525 ........................... 37.25 Prospect County Council v Australian Blue Metal Ltd (1965) 11 LGRA 331 ............................. 10.365 Prosper v Wojtowicz [2005] QSC 177 ........................................................................ 17.110, 17.120 Prout v British Gas plc [1992] FSR 478 ...................................................................................... 4.295 Provident Capital Ltd v Papa (2013) 84 NSWLR 231 ................................................................. 9.195 cxxiii

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Equity and Trusts in Australia

Provincial Plasterers' Benefit Trust Fund (Board of Trustees) v Provincial Plasterers' Benefit Trust Fund (1990) 65 DLR (4th) 723 ...................................................................... 28.195 Prudential Building and Investment Society of Canterbury v Hankins [1997] 1 NZLR 114 ....... 10.280 Pryce, Re [1917] 1 Ch 234 ...................................................................................................... 18.120 PSAL Ltd v Kellas-​Sharpe (2012) 7 BFRA 337 ............................................ 9.140, 9.195, 13.55, 13.80 Psevdos v Commonwealth Bank of Australia (No 2) [2017] FCA 19 ........................................... 27.25 PT Bayan Resources TBK v BCBC Singapore Pte Ltd (2015) 258 CLR 1 ...................................... 32.25 PT Ltd v Maradona Pty Ltd (No 2) (1992) 27 NSWLR 241 ......................................................... 18.10 PTY Homes Ltd v Shand [1968] NZLR 105 .............................................................................. 31.190 Public Trust v Ottow [2009] NZHC 2904 ....................................................................... 7.205, 7.270 Public Trustee (Qld) v Opus Capital Ltd (2013) 9 ASTLR 555 ..................................................... 21.40 Public Trustee v Attorney-​General [1923] NZLR 433 ............................................................... 29.370 Public Trustee v Attorney-​General (1997) 42 NSWLR 600 ............................ 29.105, 29.195, 29.280, 29.305, 29.365 Public Trustee v Attorney-​General [2005] NSWSC 1267 ............................................. 29.325, 29.365 Public Trustee v Australian Conservation Foundation Inc [2015] WASC 29 .............................. 29.220 Public Trustee v Beckman (1914) 15 SR (NSW) 6 ....................................................... 15.100, 15.110 Public Trustee v Butler [2012] WTLR 1043 .............................................................................. 17.125 Public Trustee v Cerebral Palsy Association of Western Australia Ltd (2004) 28 WAR 496 ...................................................................................................................... 29.335 Public Trustee v Clayton (1985) 38 SASR 1 ............................................................................. 29.220 Public Trustee v Commonwealth Bank of Australia [2018] SASC 25 ......................................... 30.105 Public Trustee v Federal Commissioner of Taxation (1934) 51 CLR 75 ..................................... 29.290 Public Trustee v Gray-​Masters [1977] VR 154 .......................................................................... 26.110 Public Trustee v Jones (2007) 251 LSJS 364 ............................................................................. 18.130 Public Trustee v Kukula (1990) 14 Fam LR 97 .................................................. 1.130, 10.110, 10.375 Public Trustee v Larkham (1999) 21 WAR 295 ............................................................ 23.115, 24.160 Public Trustee v Nolan (1943) 43 SR (NSW) 169 ........................................................ 17.150, 29.145 Public Trustee v O'Donnell (2008) 101 SASR 228 .................................................................... 23.170 Public Trustee v Queensland [2004] QSC 360 ......................................................................... 29.325 Public Trustee v Regan (1933) 33 SR (NSW) 361 ....................................................................... 15.85 Public Trustee v Smith (2008) 1 ASTLR 488 ................................................................ 16.175, 20.115 Public Trustee v Taylor [1978] VR 289 ..................................................................................... 33.145 Public Trustee v Young (1980) 24 SASR 407 ............................................................... 29.145, 29.155 Pughe v Brodribb [1921] St R Qd 163 .................................................................................... 21.105 Pukallus v Cameron (1982) 180 CLR 447 ............................................. 37.90, 37.95, 37.100, 37.105 Pullan v Koe [1913] 1 Ch 9 ..................................................................................................... 18.115 Puma Australia Pty Ltd v Sportsman's Australia Ltd (No 2) [1994] 2 Qd R 159 ............... 16.80, 39.10 Puntoriero, Re (1991) 104 ALR 523 .......................................................................................... 3.150 Purcell v Deputy Federal Commissioner of Taxation (1920) 28 CLR 77 ...................................... 16.10 Purdon, Re Estate of (1935) 53 WN (NSW) 148 ............................................................. 22.55, 22.60 Purkiss, Re [1999] 3 VR 223 .................................................................................................... 21.140 PW & Co v Milton Gate Investments Ltd [2004] Ch 142 ........................................................... 10.45 Pym v Lockyer (1841) 5 My & Cr 29; 41 ER 283 .......................................................... 15.55, 26.160 Pyx Granite Co Ltd v Ministry of Housing and Local Government [1960] AC 260 ..................... 37.25

Q QBE Mercantile Mutual Ltd v Hammer Waste Pty Ltd (2004) 13 ANZ Ins Cas ¶61–​586 ............. 14.35 Quality Assurance Management Asia Pte Ltd v Zhang Qing [2013] 3 SLR 631 ................. 4.20, 24.30 Quartz Hill Gold Consolidated Mining Ltd v Beall (1882) 20 Ch D 501 ................................... 31.175 Queensland Coal and Oil Shale Mining Industry (Superannuation) Ltd, Re [1999] 2 Qd R 524 .................................................................................................... 22.75, 22.90, 25.35 Queensland Industrial Steel Pty Ltd v Jensen [1987] 2 Qd R 572 .................................. 31.50, 31.125 Queensland Mines Ltd v Hudson (1978) 18 ALR 1 .................................................................... 4.110 cxxiv

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Table of Cases

Queensland Trustees Ltd v Commissioner of Stamp Duties (Qld) (1952) 88 CLR 54 ................ 20.125 Queensland Trustees Ltd v Halse [1949] QSR 278 ................................................................... 29.185 Queensland Trustees Ltd v Woodward [1912] QSR 291 .......................................................... 29.130 Queensland University of Technology v Project Constructions (Aust) Pty Ltd (in liq) [2003] 1 Qd R 259 ............................................................................................................ 30.130 Queensland v Australian Telecommunications Commission (1985) 59 ALJR 562 ............................................................................................... 31.95, 31.115, 31.145 Queensland v Commonwealth (1988) 62 ALJR 143 .................................................................. 31.70 Queenstown Lakes Community Housing Trust, Re [2011] 3 NZLR 502 .................................................................................... 29.50, 29.75, 29.115, 29.235 Quek v Beggs (1990) 5 BPR 11,761 ............................................................... 7.30, 7.60, 7.75, 7.270 Quick, Re Estate of (unreported, SC(SA), Williams J, 12 February 1996) .................................... 37.80 Quindo Pty Ltd v Queensland Drilling Ltd (unreported, SC(WA), Commnr Hasluck QC, 26 September 1989) .................................................................................................. 23.140 Quinton v Proctor [1998] 4 VR 469 ........................... 21.105, 21.110, 22.40, 23.65, 25.140, 25.150

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R R & I Bank of Western Australia Ltd v Anchorage Investments Pty Ltd (1993) 10 WAR 59 ............................................................................ 20.20, 20.130, 32.30, 32.35, 32.60 R & I Bank of Western Australia Ltd v Cash Resources Australia Pty Ltd (1993) 11 WAR 536 ........ 2.90 R & J Lyons Family Settlement Pty Ltd v 155 Macquarie Street Pty Ltd (2008) 13 BPR 25,161 ................................................................................................................... 30.130 R A Price Securities Ltd v Henderson [1989] 2 NZLR 257 .......................................................... 36.55 R D McKinnon Holdings Pty Ltd v Hind [1984] 2 NSWLR 121 ................................................. 33.130 R (Hodkin) v Registrar-​General of Births, Deaths and Marriages [2014] AC 610 ....................... 29.170 R (Ingenious Media Holdings plc) v Revenue and Customs Commissioners [2016] 1 WLR 4164 ......................................................................................................................... 6.155 R L Crain Inc v Hendry (1988) 48 DLR (4th) 228 ..................................................................... 31.120 R v Biggin [1955] VLR 36 .......................................................................................................... 2.130 R v Board of Trade [1965] 1 QB 603 ......................................................................................... 36.25 R v Boston (1923) 33 CLR 386 .................................................................................................... 5.25 R v Byrnes (1995) 183 CLR 501 ................................................................................................ 4.120 R v Chief Constable of the North Wales Police [1997] 3 WLR 724 ............................................. 6.200 R v Chief Constable of the North Wales Police [1999] QB 396 .................................................. 6.200 R v Consolidated Fastfrate Transport Inc (1995) 125 DLR (4th) 1 .............................................. 31.75 R v Deputy Commissioner of Taxation (1987) 72 ALR 365 ...................................................... 30.175 R v East Sussex County Council [2002] 4 All ER 58 .................................................................. 10.395 R v Hopkins (1915) 20 CLR 446 ................................................................................................ 16.95 R v Jackson (2005) 194 FLR 215 ....................................................................................... 1.80, 36.05 R v Macfarlane (1923) 32 CLR 518 ......................................................................................... 31.160 R v McNeil (1922) 31 CLR 76 ................................................................................................... 30.40 R v Sparrow (1990) 70 DLR (4th) 385 ......................................................................................... 5.45 Rabone v Shannon (1913) 30 WN (NSW) 50 .......................................................................... 24.105 Radmanovich v Nedeljkovic (2001) 52 NSWLR 641 ................................................................ 17.170 Rae v Meek (1889) 14 App Cas 558 ........................................................................................ 24.145 Raffaele v Raffaele [1962] WAR 238 ............................................................................................. 1.55 Raftland Pty Ltd v Commissioner of Taxation (2006) 227 ALR 598 ............................................ 21.95 Raiffeisen Zentralbank Osterreich AG v Five Star Trading LLC [2001] 2 WLR 1344 ...................................................................................................... 3.25, 3.35, 3.100, 3.105, 3.125, 3.150 Rail Corporation New South Wales v Leduva Pty Ltd [2007] NSWSC 571 ................................ 31.140 Rail Plus Australasia Pty Ltd v Ng [2013] VSC 429 ..................................................................... 32.65 Rainbow Estates Ltd v Tokenhold Ltd [1999] Ch 64 ............................... 33.35, 33.40, 33.90, 33.110 Ramage v Waclaw (1988) 12 NSWLR 84 ................................................................................... 24.15 Ramsay v Lowther (1912) 16 CLR 1 ........................................................................................ 14.235 cxxv Gino, Dal Pont. Equity and Trusts in Australia, Thomson Reuters (Professional) Australia Pty Limited, 2018. ProQuest Ebook Central, http://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/usyd/detail.action?docID=5602215. Created from usyd on 2019-07-06 20:28:14.

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Equity and Trusts in Australia

Ramsay v Pigram (1968) 118 CLR 271 ...................................................................................... 10.20 Ramsay v Trustee Executors and Agency Co Ltd (1948) 77 CLR 321 ......................................... 19.60 Ramsden v Dyson (1866) LR 1 HL 129 ...................................................................................... 10.60 Rana v Dalla Costa (2014) 17 BPR 33,253 ................................................................................. 11.70 Randa Lee Investments Pty Ltd v Ballan [2015] VSC 178 ........................................................... 24.15 Rank Film Distributors Ltd v Video Information Centre (a firm) [1982] AC 380 ........... 32.180, 32.210 Ranson v Customer Systems plc [2012] EWCA Civ 841 ............................................................. 4.285 Rapa v Patience (unreported, SC(NSW), McLelland J, 14 April 1985), 23.35 Raphael, Re (1903) 3 SR (NSW) 196 ......................................................................................... 23.90 Rapid Metal Developments (Australia) Pty Ltd v Anderson Formrite Pty Ltd [2005] WASC 255 ..................................................................................................... 6.170, 6.175, 6.235 Rasmussen v Rasmussen [1995] 1 VR 613 ............................................................................... 24.185 Ratford v Northavon District Council [1987] QB 357 ................................................................ 36.35 Rathbone Brothers plc v Novae Corporate Underwriting Ltd [2015] Lloyd’s Rep IR 95 .............. 14.55 Ratiu v Conway [2006] 1 All ER 571 ................................................................................... 4.30, 4.45 Rattenberry, Re [1906] 1 Ch 667 ................................................................................... 15.15, 15.25 Rattrays Wholesale Ltd v Meredyth-​Young & A'Court Ltd [1997] 2 NZLR 363 ......................... 16.140 Raukura Moana Fisheries Ltd v The Ship 'Irina Zharkikh” [2001] 2 NZLR 801 ............................ 32.65 Raulfs v Fishy Bite Pty Ltd [2012] NSWCA 135 ................................... 16.110, 27.95, 27.105, 38.175 Ravenscroft v Jones (1863) 32 Beav 669; 55 ER 263 .................................................................. 15.80 Rawcliffe v Johnstone and Morton [1921] NZLR 470 ................................................................. 22.40 Rawlings v Hislop (1883) 9 VLR (E) 25 .................................................................................... 33.145 Rawson v Samuel (1841) Cr & Ph 161; 41 ER 451 .................................................................. 30.110 Rayner v N J Sheaffe Pty Ltd [2010] NSWSC 810 ...................................................................... 21.55 Rea v Omana Ranch Ltd [2013] 1 NZLR 587 ................................................................ 36.85, 36.125 Read v Brown (1888) 22 QBD 128 .............................................................................................. 3.25 Read v Chang (2010) 44 Fam LR 198 ....................................................................................... 20.70 Read v Cohen (1929) 46 WN (NSW) 154 ............................................................................... 23.185 Read v Commonwealth of Australia (1989) 167 CLR 57 .......................................................... 20.100 Read v Nicholls (2004) DFC ¶95–​307 ..................................................................................... 38.180 Reader v Fried [2001] VSC 495 .................................. 24.140, 24.150, 24.185, 24.205, 30.15, 30.20 Reading v Attorney-​General [1951] AC 507 .............................................................................. 4.285 Ready Construction Pty Ltd v Jenno [1984] 2 Qd R 78 ............................................................ 33.130 Ready's Estate, Re [1920] QSR 87 ............................................................................................ 23.175 Real Estate Securities Ltd v Kew Golf Links Estate Pty Ltd [1935] VLR 114 .................................. 11.45 Recher's Will Trusts, Re [1972] Ch 526 ....................................................................... 17.140, 17.170 Reches Pty Ltd v Tadiran Ltd (1998) 155 ALR 478 ..................................................................... 32.65 Red Hill Iron Ltd v API Management Pty Ltd [2012] WASC 323 ................................................... 4.65 Redglove Projects Pty Ltd v Ngunnawal Local Aboriginal Council (2004) 12 BPR 22,319 ........................................................................................................ 1.140, 38.160 Redgrave v Hurd (1881) 20 Ch D 1 ............................................................................................ 8.90 Rediffusion (Hong Kong) Ltd v Attorney-​General (Hong Kong) [1970] AC 1136 ............ 37.15, 37.35 Redland Bricks Ltd v Morris [1970] AC 652 .................................................................. 31.15, 31.145 Redman v Permanent Trustee Co of New South Wales Ltd (1916) 22 CLR 84 ............................................................................................. 3.120, 3.130, 8.60, 8.65, 8.75, 8.80, 38.155, P.120 Redville Holdings Pty Ltd v Four Fingers Pty Ltd (2007) 50 SR(WA) 218 .................................... 32.60 Reed v Sheehan (1982) 39 ALR 257 .......................................................................................... 10.05 Reef & Rainforest Travel Pty Ltd v Commissioner of Stamp Duties [2002] 1 Qd R 683 ............. 20.100 Rees, Re [1920] 2 Ch 59 ............................................................................................ 29.185, 29.190 Rees, Re [1950] Ch 204 ............................................................................................................ 18.80 Rees v De Bernardy [1896] 2 Ch 437 ........................................................................... 35.50, 35.100 Rees v Dominion Insurance Co of Australia Ltd (in liq) (1981) 6 ACLR 71 ................................ 28.195 Reeves v Poole [1914] 2 KB 284 ................................................................................................ 2.125 Regal Castings Ltd v Lightbody [2009] 2 NZLR 433 ................................................................ 19.145 cxxvi

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Table of Cases

Regal (Hastings) Ltd v Gulliver [1967] 2 AC 134 .................... 4.35, 4.90, 4.115, 4.120, 6.375, 39.80 Regan v Paul Properties DPF No 1 Ltd [2007] Ch 135 ............................................................... 34.80 Regent v Millett (1976) 133 CLR 679 ....................................................... 12.05, 12.15, 12.50, 12.60 Registered Securities Ltd, Re [1991] 1 NZLR 545 ..................................................................... 39.110 Registrar General v Gill (unreported, CA(NSW), 16 August 1994) ............................................. 14.15 Registrar of the Accident Compensation Tribunal v Federal Commissioner of Taxation (1993) 178 CLR 145 ............................................................................................................ 16.15 Reid v Deane [1906] VLR 138 ................................................................................................. 22.225 Reid v Explosives Co Ltd (1887) 19 QBD 264 .......................................................................... 36.105 Reid v Howard (1995) 184 CLR 1 ............................................................................................ 32.120 Reid v Hubbard [2003] VSC 387 .................................................................................. 24.70, 24.205 Reilly McKay Pty Ltd v McKay [1982] 1 NSWLR 264 .................................................................. 32.50 Reinhold v New South Wales Lotteries Corporation [2008] NSWSC 5 ....................................... 37.85 Reliance Finance Corporation Pty Ltd v Heid [1982] 1 NSWLR 466 .................................... 1.95, 2.55 Relwood Pty Ltd v Manning Homes Pty Ltd (No 2) [1992] 2 Qd R 197 ....................................... 1.80 Remm Construction (SA) Pty Ltd v Allco Newsteel Pty Ltd (1991) 56 SASR 515 ...................... 31.130 Remnant's Settlement Trusts, Re [1970] Ch 560 ........................................................................ 25.65 Renshaw's Trust Deed, Re [1928] NZLR 460 .............................................................................. 21.80 Repatriation Commission v Tsourounakis (2007) 158 FCR 214 ................................................... P.110 Republic of Haiti v Duvalier [1989] 2 WLR 261 ........................................................................ 32.110 Republic of India v India Steamship Co Ltd (No 2) [1998] AC 878 .......................................... 10.100 Resch's Will Trusts, Re [1969] 1 AC 514 ........................................................................ 29.80, 29.135 Residential Housing Corporation v Esber (2011) 80 NSWLR 69 ................................................. 4.255 Retail Employees Superannuation Pty Ltd v Crocker (2001) 48 ATR 359 .................................. 28.235 Retail Employees Superannuation Pty Ltd v Pain (2016) 115 ACSR 1 ............................ 25.75, 28.160 Retractable Technologies Inc v Occupational & Medical Innovations Ltd (2007) 72 IPR 58 ....... 6.255 Revenue and Customs Commissioners v Egleton [2007] 1 All ER 606 ...................................... 32.100 Rexstraw v Johnson [2003] NSWCA 287 ..................................................................................... 4.10 Reynolds v Bonnici [2017] NSWSC 828 .................................................................................... 15.65 RFD Ltd v Harris [2007] WASC 180 ........................................................................................... 32.50 RFD Ltd v Harris [2008] WASCA 87 ........................................................................................... 32.50 RHG Mortgage Securities Pty Ltd v BNY Trust Company of Australia Ltd [2009] NSWSC 1432 ....................................................................................................................... 11.10 Rhino Systems International Pty Ltd v Canon Standish (Australia) Pty Ltd (1997) 41 IPR 367 .................................................................................................................. 4.95, 6.215 Rhodes v Rhodes [2017] QSC 21 .............................................................................................. 17.15 Rhodesia Goldfields Ltd, Re [1910] 1 Ch 239 ............................................................................ 24.55 Rice v Rice (1853) 2 Drew 73; 61 ER 646 ........................................................................... 2.10, 2.25 Rice v Rice (2015) 52 Fam LR 618 ........................................................................................... 19.170 Richard Walter Pty Ltd v Federal Commissioner of Taxation (1995) 31 ATR 95 ........................ 27.135 Richards v Delbridge (1874) LR 18 Eq 11 ................................................................................ 18.105 Richards v Dove [1974] 1 All ER 888 ....................................................................................... 26.110 Richards v Kadian (2005) 64 NSWLR 204 .................................................................................. 6.305 Richardson v Federal Commissioner of Taxation (1997) 80 FCR 58 ......................................... 27.135 Richardson v Federal Commissioner of Taxation (2001) 46 ATR 285 ....................................... 27.135 Richardson v Forestry Commission (1988) 164 CLR 261 ................................... 31.35, 31.95, 31.105 Richardson v Hough (1998) 24 Fam LR 94 .............................................................................. 38.190 Richardson v Otto [1938] QWN 15 ......................................................................................... 33.145 Richardson's Will Trusts, Re [1958] 1 Ch 504 ........................................................................... 27.120 Riches v Hogben [1985] 2 Qd R 292 ........................................................ 12.25, 12.60, 12.65, 12.80 Rickard v Swenrick Building & Construction Pty Ltd [2006] VSC 382 ...................................... 32.155 Rico Pty Ltd, Re (1999) 17 ACLC 16 .......................................................................................... 36.40 Riddle v Riddle (1952) 85 CLR 202 ................................................................................ 25.35, 25.45 Riddoch (deceased), Re [1965] SASR 399 ............................................................................... 25.165 Ridout v Fowler [1904] 1 Ch 658 .............................................................................................. 1.100 cxxvii

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Equity and Trusts in Australia

Riggall v Thompson [2010] QCA 144 ....................................................................................... 13.95 Riley McKay Pty Ltd v McKay [1982] 1 NSWLR 264 .................................................................. 32.30 Riley v Osborne [1986] VR 193 ...................................................................................... 12.45, 12.50 Rimmer v Webster [1902] 2 Ch 163 ................................................................................... 2.25, 2.30 Ringrow Pty Ltd v BP Australia Pty Ltd (2005) 224 CLR 656 ...................................................... 13.05 Riseda Nominees Pty Ltd v St Vincent’s Hospital (Melbourne) Ltd [1998] 2 VR 70 ..................... 10.45 Rishmont Pty Ltd v Tweed City Medical Centre Pty Ltd [2002] 2 Qd R 222 ............................... 4.100 Rita Joan Dairies Ltd v Thomson [1974] 1 NZLR 285 ................................................................. 27.25 Riteway Express Pty Ltd v Clayton (1987) 10 NSWLR 238 ........................................................... 6.55 Riverlate Properties Ltd v Paul [1975] Ch 133 ................................................................ 8.150, 8.200 Rivers v Bondi Junction-​Waverley RSL Sub-​branch Ltd (1986) 5 NSWLR 362 .................. 37.15, 37.50 Riviera Holdings Pty Ltd v Fingal Glen Pty Ltd (2013) 120 SASR 450 ......................................... 11.95 Rizos v Rizos [1970] VR 150 .................................................................................................... 21.140 Rizoto Kaihatsu Gumi Ltd v Capital and Coastal Ltd (1998) Q Conv R ¶54–​511 ........................ 1.100 RJK Enterprises Pty Ltd v Webb [2006] 2 Qd R 593 ................................................................... 27.40 RJR-​Macdonald Inc v Canada (Attorney-​General) (1994) 111 DLR (4th) 385 ............... 31.95, 31.100, 31.105, 31.120, 31.160, 31.165 RLA Polymers Pty Ltd v Nexus Adhesives Pty Ltd (2011) 280 ALR 125 ......................................... 6.40 Roach v Bickle (1915) 20 CLR 663 .......................................................................................... 10.360 Road Australia Pty Ltd v Commissioner of Stamp Duties [2001] 1 Qd R 327 ........................... 38.155 Roadshow Entertainment Pty Ltd v (ACN 053 006 269) Pty Ltd (1997) 42 NSWLR 462 ............ 30.95 Robb Evans of Robb Evans & Associates v European Bank Ltd (2004) 61 NSWLR 75 ...................................................................................... 38.105, 39.05, 39.30, P.15 Robb v Green [1895] 2 QB 1 ...................................................................................................... 6.55 Robbie & Co Ltd v Witney Warehouse Co Ltd [1963] 3 All ER 613 ............................................ 36.25 Roberts, Re (1983) 70 FLR 158 ............................................................. 21.75, 21.80, 21.105, 21.110 Roberts v Gill & Co [2011] 1 AC 240 ................................................................ 16.205, 24.15, 24.20 Roberts v University of Sydney [1960] NSWR 702 ..................................................................... 19.95 Robertson, Re [1930] 2 Ch 71 ................................................................................................ 29.175 Robertson, Re [1953] VLR 685 ................................................................................................ 22.225 Robertson v Robertson [1924] NZLR 552 ................................................................................ 22.100 Robins v Incentive Dynamics Pty Ltd (in liq) (2003) 175 FLR 286 ...................... 35.65, 38.10, 38.125 Robinson & Aballa Pty Ltd v Gollan [2012] NSWSC 51 ........................................................... 10.110 Robinson, Re [1931] 2 Ch 122 ................................................................................................ 29.380 Robinson, Re [1951] Ch 198 ................................................................................................... 29.125 Robinson v Pett (1734) 3 P Wms 249; 24 ER 1049 .................................................................... 22.75 Robinson v Robinson [1961] WAR 56 ........................................................................... 26.75, 26.125 Robinson v Rouse [2005] TASSC 48 ........................................................................................ 38.210 Robinson v Western Australian Museum (1977) 138 CLR 283 ................................................... 37.45 Robinson's Settlement, Re [1912] 1 Ch 717 .............................................................................. 27.25 Robmatjus Pty Ltd v Violet Home Loans Australia Pty Ltd [2007] VSC 165 ............................... 31.135 Robophone Facilities Ltd v Blank [1966] 1 WLR 1428 ................................................................ 13.15 Robson v Flight (1865) 4 De GJ & S 608; 46 ER 1054 ............................................................. 21.135 Rochefoucauld v Boustead [1897] 1 Ch 196 .................................................................. 18.10, 18.30 Rochwerg v Truster (2002) 212 DLR (4th) 498 .......................................................................... 4.190 Rodick v Gandell (1852) 1 De GM & G 763; 42 ER 749 .............................................................. 3.50 Rodney Aero Club Inc v Moore [1998] 2 NZLR 192 ....................................................... 22.45, 22.65 Roger Bullivant Ltd v Ellis [1987] ICR 464 .................................................................................. 6.320 Rogers, Re [1921] NZLR 245 ........................................................................................ 21.75, 21.125 Rogers v Jones (1877) 3 Ch D 688 .......................................................................................... 15.105 Rogers v Rice [1892] 2 Ch 170 ............................................................................................... 11.100 Rogers v The Queen (1994) 181 CLR 251 ................................................................................. 10.20 Rolled Steel Products (Holdings) Ltd v British Steel Corporation [1986] Ch 246 ...................... 38.105 Romaine Estate v Romaine (2001) 205 DLR (4th) 320 ............................................................. 26.145 cxxviii

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Table of Cases

Roman Catholic Archbishop of Melbourne v Lawlor (1934) 51 CLR 1 ..................................... 29.300 Romanos v Pentagold Investments Pty Ltd (2003) 217 CLR 367 ......................... 11.40, 11.55, 11.75 Ron Kingham Real Estate Pty Ltd v Edgar [1999] 2 Qd R 439 ............. 23.120, 23.140, 24.135, 27.55 Rondo Building Services Pty Ltd v Casaron Pty Ltd [2003] 2 Qd R 558 ...................................... 16.85 Ronori Pty Ltd v ACN 101 071 998 Pty Ltd [2008] NSWSC 246 .............................................. 23.130 Root v Bradley [1960] NZLR 756 ......................................................................... 35.15, 35.50, 35.60 Rosanove v O'Rourke [1987] 1 Qd R 275 ................................................................................ 36.125 Rose, Re [1952] Ch 499 .......................................................................................................... 18.105 Rose, Re Estate of [1999] NSWSC 365 ...................................................................................... 37.80 Rose v Spicer [1911] 2 KB 234 ................................................................................................ 11.110 Roseneath Holdings Ltd v Grieve [2004] 2 NZLR 168 ..................................................... 31.25, 31.95 Rosenthal (deceased), Re [1972] 3 All ER 552 ......................................................................... 24.200 Roses Only & Lush Pty Ltd v Mark Lyons Pty Ltd (1999) 47 IPR 593 ........................................ 31.155 Rosetex Company Pty Ltd v Licata (1994) 12 ACSR 779 ............................................................ 4.120 Rosher, Re (1884) 26 Ch D 801 ................................................................................................ 19.75 Ross (deceased), Re [1964] Qd R 132 ........................................................................ 17.150, 29.175 Ross v Gippsreal Ltd (2016) 122 ACSR 1 ................................................................................... 36.25 Ross v Internet Wines Pty Ltd (1999) 47 NSWLR 538 .............................................................. 32.120 Ross v Smith, Timms & Co [1909] SALR 128 ........................................................................... 10.365 Ross v State Rail Authority of New South Wales (1987) 70 LGRA 91 ........................................ 31.135 Rossetti Marketing Ltd v Diamond Sofa Co Ltd [2013] Bus LR 543 ............................................ 4.185 Rothmore Farms Pty Ltd v Belgravia Pty Ltd [1999] FCA 745 ................................................... 23.130 Round v Round [2017] NZHC 428 ............................................................................................ 7.130 Rouse v IOOF Australia Trustees Ltd (1999) 73 SASR 484 ......................... 20.30, 20.40, 20.65, 22.30 Roussel Uclaf v Pan Laboratories Pty Ltd (1994) 29 IPR 556 .................................................... 37.175 Rousset v Antunovich [1963] WAR 52 ....................................................................................... 22.40 Routestone Ltd v Minories Finance Ltd [1997] BCC 180 ............................................................ 36.55 Routledge v Dorril (1794) 2 Ves 356; 30 ER 671 ..................................................................... 17.100 Rowbotham v Dunnett (1878) 8 Ch D 430 ............................................................................... 18.50 Rowell v Keats (1885) 19 SALR 8 ............................................................................................. 22.105 Rowena Nominees Pty Ltd, Re (2006) 199 FLR 415 ................................................................... 39.20 Rowlands v Macdonald [2002] NSWSC 282 ............................................................................. 36.95 Rowley v Ginnever [1897] 2 Ch 503 ............................................................................................ P.75 Roxborough v Rothmans of Pall Mall Australia Ltd (2001) 208 CLR 516 .................................... 8.120 Royal Agricultural Society of England v Wilson (1924) 9 TC 62 ............................................... 29.235 Royal Automobile Club of Victoria v Paterson [1968] VR 508 .................................................. 31.175 Royal Bank of Australia, Re (1856) 6 De GM & G 572; 43 ER 1356 ......................................... 14.170 Royal Bank of Canada v Fogler, Rubinoff (1991) 84 DLR (4th) 724 .......................................... 24.165 Royal Bank of Scotland v Etridge (No 2) [1998] 4 All ER 705 ................................... 7.10, 7.80, 7.195 Royal Bank of Scotland v Etridge (No 2) [2002] 2 AC 773 .................. 7.40, 7.80, 7.95, 7.160, 7.185, 7.190, 7.195, 7.200, 8.30, P.145 Royal Brunei Airlines Sdn Bhd v Tan [1995] 2 AC 378 ................. 38.65, 38.70, 38.75, 38.85, 38.110 Royal Choral Society v Inland Revenue Commissioners [1943] 2 All ER 101 ................ 29.145, 29.255 Royal College of Nursing v St Marylebone Corporation [1959] 3 All ER 663 ............................ 29.155 Royal College of Surgeons of England v National Provincial Bank Ltd [1952] AC 631 . 29.145, 29.155 Royal Mail Group Ltd v Evans [2013] EWHC 1572 .................................................................. 28.150 Royal Melbourne Hospital v Equity Trustees Ltd (2007) 18 VR 442 ...................... 25.35, 25.45, 25.50 Royal National Agricultural and Industrial Association v Chester (1974) 48 ALJR 304 ............... 29.255 Royal North Shore Hospital of Sydney v Attorney-​General (NSW) (1938) 60 CLR 396 ............................................................................................. 29.100, 29.145, 29.315 Royal North Shore Hospital v Crichton-​Smith (1938) 60 CLR 798 ...................... 15.10, 15.15, 15.20, 15.25, 15.35 Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (NSW) v Benevolent Society of New South Wales (1960) 102 CLR 629 .............................................................................. 29.220 Royal Society of London and Thompson (1881) 17 Ch D 407 ................................................. 29.145 cxxix

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Equity and Trusts in Australia

RSL Veterans' Retirement Villages Ltd v NSW Minister for Lands [2006] NSWSC 1161 .......................................................................................................... 25.55, 29.365 Ruabon Steamship Company Ltd v London Assurance [1900] AC 6 ........................... 14.125, 14.130 Rubery v Rubery [2003] WASC 164 ......................................................................................... 21.140 Rudd v Lascelles [1900] 1 Ch 815 ............................................................................................. 33.25 Ruffy Investments Pty Ltd v Payless Superbarn (Vic) Pty Ltd (2000) V ConvR ¶54–​617 ............ 33.100 Rugby School (Governors) v Tannahill [1935] 1 KB 87 .............................................................. 11.90 Ruhe v Patel [2015] ACTSC 169 ................................................................................................ 26.10 Rule's Settlement, Re [1915] VLR 670 ........................................................................................ 17.75 Rumball, Re [1956] Ch 105 ..................................................................................................... 29.185 Rummer, Re Estate of (2017) 12 ACTLR 258 ............................................................................. 17.80 Rushcutters Bay Developments Pty Ltd v Dragon Asset Investment Pty Ltd (No 2) (2017) 18 BPR 37 ..................................................................................................... 11.75 Russell-​Cooke Trust Co v Prentis [2003] 2 All ER 478 .................................................... 39.95, 39.115 Russell Gould Pty Ltd v Ramangkura (2014) 87 NSWLR 552 .......................................... 39.10, 39.20 Russell v RCR Tomlinson Ltd [2012] WASC 405 ......................................................................... 37.95 Russell v Russell (1891) 17 VLR 729 ......................................................................................... 24.105 Russell v Scott (1936) 55 CLR 440 ....................................................... 26.60, 26.95, 26.110, 26.115 Russell v White (1895) 16 LR (NSW) Eq 158 ........................................................ 15.10, 15.40, 15.50 Rutherford v Acton-​Adams [1915] AC 866 ................................................................................ 33.25 Ruthol Pty Ltd v Mills (2003) 11 BPR 20,793 ................................................................ 2.115, 38.160 Rutledge v Sheridan [2010] QSC 257 ..................................................................................... 18.130 RWG Management Ltd v Commissioner for Corporate Affairs (Vic) [1985] VR 385 ...................................................................................................... 23.135, 23.150, 27.55 Ryan v Aboody [2012] NSWSC 136 ................................................................................... 7.60, 7.65 Ryan v Dries (2003) 10 BPR 19,497 .......................................................................................... 26.75 Ryan v Hopkinson (1990) 14 Fam LR 151 ................................................................................. 26.55 Ryan v Mutual Tontine Westminster Chambers Association [1893] 1 Ch 116 ................. 33.35, 33.90 Ryan v Public Trustee of Queensland [1998] 1 Qd R 679 ................................. 23.170, 23.175, 25.45 Ryan v Ryan [2012] NSWSC 636 ............................................................................................. 26.130 Ryan v Ryan [2016] TASSC 4 ................................................................................................... 10.270 Rybak v Langbar International Ltd [2011] PNLR 16 ................................................................... 31.80 Ryde Holdings Ltd v Rainbow Corporation Ltd Co (New Zealand) (unreported, PC, 15 November 1993) .......................................................................................................... 34.145 Ryder v Frohlich (No 2) [2006] NSWSC 1325 ........................................................................... 32.65 Ryder v Taylor (1935) 36 SR (NSW) 31 ..................................................................................... 18.10 Ryledar Pty Ltd v Euphoric Pty Ltd (2007) 69 NSWLR 603 ................................. 37.90, 37.95, 37.100 Rymer, Re [1895] 1 Ch 19 ...................................................................................................... 29.330

S S & D International Pty Ltd (No 4), Re (2010) 79 ACSR 595 ................................................... 20.100 S v Attorney-​General [2003] 3 NZLR 450 .................................................................................. 4.310 S v P (2006) 198 FLR 1 ............................................................................................................. 18.10 S v S [1997] 1 WLR 1621 .......................................................................................................... 6.300 Sabri, Re (1996) 21 Fam LR 213 .................................................................... 38.180, 38.195, 38.250 Sacks v Gridiger (1990) 22 NSWLR 502 ....................................................................... 17.15, 20.120 Saffron Sun Pty Ltd v Perma-​Fit Finance Pty Ltd (in liq) (2005) 65 NSWLR 603 ............ 14.105, 27.40 Sahade v BP Australia Pty Ltd (2004) 12 BPR 22,149 .................................................... 1.140, 38.160 Sainsbury's Settlement, Re [1967] 1 All ER 878 ......................................................................... 25.60 Saitta Pty Ltd v Commonwealth of Australia (2003) Aust Torts Rep ¶81–​717 ........................... 10.395 Saleh v Romanous (2010) 79 NSWLR 453 .................................................................. 10.205, 10.215 Salkeld v Vernon (1758) 1 Eden 64; 28 ER 608 ....................................................................... 30.155 Salmar Holdings Pty Ltd v Hornsby Shire Council [1971] 1 NSWLR 192 .................................... 37.25 Salsbury Laboratories Inc v Merieux Laboratories Inc (1990) 908 F 2d 706 ............................... 6.345 cxxx

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Table of Cases

Salt v Cooper (1880) 16 Ch D 544 .............................................................................................. P.40 Salt v Stratstone Specialist Ltd [2015] CTLC 206 ..................................................................... 35.100 Saltman Engineering Co Ltd v Campbell Engineering Co Ltd (1948) 65 RPC 203 ..................................................................................... 6.10, 6.25, 6.40, 6.55, 6.265 Salvation Army (Vic) Property Trust v Shire of Fern Tree Gully (1952) 85 CLR 159 ................... 29.130 Salvo v New Tel Ltd [2005] NSWCA 281 .................................................................... 16.115, 27.105 Salway v Snowden (1888) 14 VLR 669 ...................................................................................... 15.95 Sambach v Dalston (1634) Tot 188; 21 ER 164 ......................................................................... 16.35 Samford Hall Trust, Re [1995] 1 Qd R 60 ................................................................................ 29.270 Samimi v Seyedabadi [2013] NSWCA 279 ................................................................................ 32.60 Samsung Electronics Co Ltd v Apple Inc (2011) 217 FCR 238 ...................................... 31.90, 31.165 Sande v Medsara Pty Ltd [2004] NSWSC 147 ......................................................................... 37.125 Sandeman's Will Trusts, Re [1937] 1 All ER 368 ....................................................................... 25.150 Sanderson Computers Pty Ltd v Urica Library Systems BV (1998) 44 NSWLR 73 ....................... 37.30 Sanderson Motors (Sales) Pty Ltd v Yorkstar Motors Pty Ltd [1983] 1 NSWLR 513 ........ 31.55, 31.110 Sandford v D V Building & Constructions Co Pty Ltd [1963] VR 137 ........................................... 3.35 Sandri v O'Driscoll [2014] VSCA 88 ......................................................................................... 10.205 Sandwich West (Township) v Bubu Estates Ltd (1986) 30 DLR (4th) 477 ................................... 31.45 Sankey v Whitlam (1978) 142 CLR 1 ................................................................... 31.75, 37.10, 37.20 Sanko Steamship Co Ltd v DC Commodities (Australasia) Pty Ltd [1980] WAR 51 ..................... 32.30 Sanofi-​Aventis Australia Pty Ltd v Kartono [2006] NSWSC 1284 ................................................ 21.05 Santander UK plc v R A Legal Solicitors [2014] EWCA Civ 183 ................................... 24.200, 24.205 Santos Ltd v American Home Assurance Co (1987) 4 ANZ Ins Cas ¶60–​795 ....... 14.05, 14.35, 14.55 Santos Ltd v Pettingell (1979) 4 ACLR 110 ................................................................................ 37.85 Sapio v Carter [1959] NZLR 848 ............................................................................................... 21.80 Sara Properties Pty Ltd (in liq), Re [1982] 2 NSWLR 277 ..................................... 14.05, 14.20, 14.90 Saraceni v Mentha (No 2) (2012) 269 FLR 12 ........................................................................... 14.05 Saratoga v Canjs (2010) 78 ACSR 600 .................................................................................... 30.130 Sarge Pty Ltd v Cazihaven Homes Pty Ltd (1994) 34 NSWLR 658 ........................................... 14.225 Sargent v ASL Developments Ltd (1974) 131 CLR 634 ................................................. 15.100, 35.95 Sargent v National Westminster Bank plc (1990) 61 P & CR 518 ............................................ 28.210 Sartoris' Estate, Re [1892] 1 Ch 11 .......................................................................................... 27.120 SAS Trustee Corporation v Cox (2011) 285 ALR 623 ................................................................. 20.75 Satchithanantham v National Australia Bank Ltd [2009] NSWCA 268 ....................................... 7.240 Saul v Lin (No 2) (2004) 60 NSWLR 275 ........................................................................ 21.20, 21.80 Saunders & Co (a firm) v Hague [2004] 2 NZLR 475 ................................................................ 8.140 Saunders v Leonardi (1976) 1 BPR 9409 ................................................................................... 11.60 Saunders v Vautier (1841) Cr & Ph 240; 41 ER 482 ...................................................... 25.05, 25.135 Savage, Re [1918] 2 Ch 146 ................................................................................................... 25.150 Savage v Carruthers [1958] QWN 21 ...................................................................................... 22.110 Savage v Union Bank of Australia Ltd (1906) 3 CLR 1170 ........................................... 23.120, 23.135 Save the Ridge Inc v Australian Capital Territory (2004) 182 FLR 155 ........................................ 37.45 Savill v NZI Finance Ltd [1990] 3 NZLR 135 ................................................................................ 8.90 Savings & Loan Corporation v Bear (1930) 75 ALR 980 .......................................................... 14.225 Savvy Vineyards 3552 Ltd v Kakara Estate Ltd [2015] 1 NZLR 281 ............................................... 3.10 Saxby Soft Drinks Pty Ltd v George Saxby Beverages Pty Ltd (2009) 14 BPR 27,213 ................. 37.70 Say-​Dee Pty Ltd v Farah Constructions Pty Ltd [2005] NSWCA 309 ................................................................................... 4.220, 34.145, 38.30, 38.120 Saylor v Madsen Estate (2005) 261 DLR (4th) 597 ..................................................... 26.135, 26.160 Sayseng v Kellogg Superannuation Pty Ltd [2003] NSWSC 945 .............................................. 28.160 SB v State of New South Wales (2004) 13 VR 527 ..................................................................... 4.315 Scales (deceased), Re Will of [1972] 2 NSWLR 108 .................................................................... 29.25 Scammell & Co v WorkCover Corporation (2006) 95 SASR 278 ................................................ 1.160 Scandinavian Trading Tanker Co AB v Flota Petrolera Ecuatoriana [1983] 2 AC 694 ....... 11.10, 13.95 Scarfe v Matthews [2012] WTLR 1579 .................................................................................... 15.105 cxxxi

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Equity and Trusts in Australia

Scarisbrick, Re [1951] Ch 622 ................................................................................................... 29.75 Schalit v Joseph Nadler Ltd [1933] 2 KB 79 ............................................................................... 21.45 Schebsman, Re [1944] Ch 83 ................................................................................................... 17.45 Schellenberger v Trustees Executors & Agency Co Ltd (1952) 86 CLR 454 .............................. 29.265 Schering Chemicals Ltd v Falkman Ltd [1982] 1 QB 1 ................................................................. 6.10 Schering Pty Ltd v Forrest Pharmaceutical Co Pty Ltd [1982] 1 NSWLR 286 .............................. 31.50 Schindler Lifts Australia Pty Ltd v Debelak (1989) 89 ALR 275 ................................................... 31.15 Schindler v Pigault (1975) 30 P & CR 328 ................................................................................ 11.75 Schlieske v Minister for Immigration and Ethnic Affairs (1987) 79 ALR 554 ............................... 10.20 Schmidt v 28 Myola Street Pty Ltd (2006) 14 VR 447 ............................................................. 20.110 Schmidt v Air Products of Canada Ltd (1994) 115 DLR (4th) 631 .............................. 25.125, 28.200 Schmidt v Rosewood Trust Ltd [2003] 2 AC 709 .............................................. 17.130, 20.30, 20.35, 20.40, 20.70, 25.145 Scholefield Goodman & Sons Ltd v Zyngier [1984] VR 445 ........................... 14.125, 14.130, 14.135 Scholefield Goodman & Sons Ltd v Zyngier [1986] 1 AC 562 .......... 14.125, 14.145, 14.150, 14.180 Schreuder v Murray (No 2) (2009) 41 WAR 169 ............................................................ 20.35, 20.60 Schroder's Wills Trusts, Re [2004] 1 NZLR 695 ........................................................................ 22.120 Schuhmacher v Emmerson [2013] QSC 205 ............................................................................. 21.55 Schultz, Re Estate of [1961] SASR 377 ..................................................................................... 29.150 Schultz v Bank of Queensland Ltd [2016] 2 Qd R 86 ................................................................. 7.215 Schultz v Corwill Properties Pty Ltd (1969) 90 WN (Pt 1) (NSW) 529 ........................................ 2.130 Schwabacher, Re (1908) 98 LT 127 ........................................................................................... 33.60 Scientific Investment Pension Plan Trusts, Re [1999] Ch 53 .......................................... 19.75, 27.115 Scoones v Galvin [1934] NZLR 1004 ............................................................................ 18.95, 18.105 Scott & Associates Engineering Ltd v Finavera Renewables Inc (2013) 79 Alta LR (5th) 172 ............................................................................................................ 6.210 Scott, Re [1948] SASR 193 ...................................................................................................... 23.170 Scott v Brown, Doering, McNab & Co [1891–​4] All ER Rep 654 ............................................... 19.30 Scott v Frank F Scott (London) Ltd [1940] Ch 794 .................................................................... 37.85 Scott v Murray (1887) 13 VLR 425 ............................................................................................ 22.75 Scott v Murray (1888) 14 VLR 708 .......................................................................................... 22.110 Scott v National Trust for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty [1998] 2 All ER 705 ................................................................................................ 20.45, 20.130, 22.50, 23.30, 23.35, 23.70 Scott v Pauly (1917) 24 CLR 274 ............................................................................................ 26.135 Scott v Scott (1963) 109 CLR 649 .................................................................................. 24.75, 39.75 Scott v Scott [2009] NSWSC 567 .................................................................... 26.75, 26.110, 26.125 Scottish Equitable plc v Derby [2001] 3 All ER 818 .................................................................... 8.120 Scottish Properties Pty Ltd, Re (1977) 2 ACLR 264 ......................................................... 36.05, 36.15 SEA Food International Pty Ltd v Lam (1998) 16 ACLC 552 .............................................. 4.95, 4.110 Seaborn v Marsden (1926) 26 SR (NSW) 485 ..................................................... 15.65, 15.75, 15.80 Seager v Copydex Ltd [1967] 1 WLR 923 .............................................................. 6.10, 6.35, 6.215, 6.220, 6.355, P.50 Seale's Marriage Settlement, Re [1961] Ch 574 .............................................................. 21.80, 25.65 Searose Ltd v Seatrain UK Ltd [1981] 1 WLR 894 ...................................................................... 32.75 Seawell v Webster (1859) 29 LJ Ch 71 .................................................................................... 33.115 Secretary, Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs v Elliott (2009) 174 FCR 387 ................................................................................... 20.150 Secretary, Department of Social Security v Agnew (2000) 96 FCR 357 ....................... 38.225, 38.255 Secretary, Department of Social Security v James (1990) 95 ALR 615 ........................................ 18.10 Secton Pty Ltd v Delawood Pty Ltd (1991) 21 IPR 136 ....................................................... 6.30, 6.35 Secureland Mortgage Investments Nominees Ltd v Harman & Co Solicitor Nominee Co Ltd [1991] 2 NZLR 399 ...................................................................... 2.10, 2.60, 17.85, P.110 Seddon v North Eastern Salt Co Ltd [1905] 1 Ch 326 ................................................ 35.100, 35.110 Seelander v Rechner (1884) 18 SALR 82 ................................................................................... 23.85 cxxxii

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Table of Cases

Seeley v Mercantile Bank of Australia (in liq) (1892) 18 VLR 485 .................................... 16.95, 39.15 Segelman (deceased), Re [1996] Ch 171 ..................................................................... 17.140, 29.75 Segelov v Ernst and Young Services Pty Ltd (2014) 10 ASTLR 390 ............................................. 20.75 Segelov v Ernst and Young Services Pty Ltd (2015) 89 NSWLR 431 .............................. 20.75, 24.150 Selangor United Rubber Estates Ltd v Craddock (No 3) [1968] 2 All ER 1073 ............................ 38.55 Seldon v Davidson [1968] 1 WLR 1083 ..................................................................................... 26.55 Selkirk v McIntyre [2013] 3 NZLR 265 ......................................................................... 22.45, 23.160 Selous, Re [1901] 1 Ch 921 ...................................................................................................... 16.05 Semelhago v Paramadevan (1996) 136 DLR (4th) 1 ..................................................... 33.20, 34.120 Sen v Headley [1991] 2 All ER 636 .......................................................................................... 18.135 Series 5 Software Ltd v Philip Clarke [1996] FSR 273 .................................................. 31.120, 31.165 Seton v Dawson (1841) IV Court Sess Cas 2nd series 310 ....................................................... 24.145 Seton v Slade (1802) 7 Ves 265; 32 ER 108 ............................................................................... 13.55 Severn and Wye and Severn Bridge Railway Co, Re [1896] 1 Ch 559 ........................................ 27.75 Sew Hoy v Sew Hoy [2001] 1 NZLR 391 ................................................................................... 4.205 Seymour CBD Pty Ltd v Noosa Shire Council (2002) 123 LGERA 113 ...................................... 10.395 Seymour v Seymour (1996) 40 NSWLR 358 ............................................................................ 24.185 Shah v Shah [2001] 3 WLR 31 ................................................................................................ 10.390 Shakespeare Memorial Trusts, Re [1923] 2 Ch 398 .................................................................. 29.145 Shalson v Russo [2005] Ch 281 ................................................................ 35.65, 39.20, 39.25, 39.30 Shannon, Re Will of [1977] 1 NSWLR 210 ................................................................................. 22.80 Shannon v Hughes & Co (1937) 109 SW (2d) 1174 ................................................................. 8.130 Shardlow v Cotterell (1881) 20 Ch D 90 ................................................................................. 33.105 Sharma v Magistrates' Court of Victoria (unreported, SC(Vic), Beach J, 18 December 1995) .......................................................................................................... 11.105 Sharp v Attorney-​General of New South Wales [2015] NSWSC 1580 ...................................... 29.160 Sharrment v Official Trustee (1988) 82 ALR 530 ...................................................................... 26.120 Shaw v Foster (1872) LR 5 HL 321 .......................................................................................... 38.155 Shaw v Gates [1909] 1 Ch 389 ............................................................................................... 24.215 Shaw v Harris (No 2) (1992) 3 Tas R 167 .................................................................................. 33.20 Shaw v Narain [1992] 2 NZLR 544 ........................................................................................... 32.40 Shaw v Shaw (1989) FLC ¶92–​030 ......................................................................................... 20.145 Shaw's Will Trusts, Re [1957] 1 WLR 729 ................................................................................. 29.150 Shawyer v Amberday Pty Ltd (in liq) (2001) 10 BPR 18,869 ............................................ 2.15, 2.105, 12.80, 36.125 Sheahan v Carrier Air Conditioning Pty Ltd (1997) 189 CLR 407 ...................................... 3.50, 36.25 Sheehy v Edwards, Dunlop and Co (1899) 13 WN (NSW) 166 ............................................... 31.150 Sheffield v Sheffield [2014] WTLR 1039 ...................................................................................... 3.20 Sheldon, Re Will of [1972] 1 NSWLR 196 .................................................................................. 22.90 Shelfer v City of London Electric Lighting Company [1895] 1 Ch 287 ............................ 34.80, 34.85 Shell (Petroleum Mining) Co Ltd v Todd Petroleum Mining Co Ltd [2008] 2 NZLR 418 ............ 31.10 Shellenberger v Trustees Executors and Agency Co Ltd (1952) 86 CLR 454 ............................. 29.225 Shelley Films Ltd v Rex Features Ltd [1994] EMLR 134 .............................................................. 6.270 Shelmerdine, Re (1864) 33 LJ Ch 474 ....................................................................................... 21.75 Shephard, Re (1889) 43 Ch D 131 .......................................................................................... 36.145 Shephard v Cartwright [1955] AC 431 ......................................................................... 26.60, 26.145 Shepherd Homes Ltd v Sandham [1971] 1 Ch 340 ................................................................. 31.145 Shepherd v Doolan [2005] NSWSC 42 ............................................................ 26.75, 38.215, 38.230 Shepherd v Federal Commissioner of Taxation (1965) 113 CLR 385 ............. 3.45, 3.50, 3.80, 3.100, 3.105, 3.110, P.115 Shepherd's Trusts, Re [1955] NZLR 585 ......................................................................... 21.75, 21.80 Sheppard, Re Will of [1972] 2 NSWLR 714 ................................................................................ 22.90 Sheppard v Oxenford (1855) 1 K & J 491; 69 ER 552 ............................................................. 24.125 Sherriff, Re Will of [1971] 2 NSWLR 438 .................................................................................. 22.180 Sherringham, Re Will of (1901) 1 SR (NSW) B & P 48 ............................................................... 22.90 cxxxiii

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Equity and Trusts in Australia

Sherry, Re (1884) Ch D 692 .................................................................................................... 39.100 Sheslow v Kostin (1997) 11 BPR 21,043 at 21,048 per Young J ............................................... 38.135 Shiel v Transmedia Productions Pty Ltd [1987] 1 Qd R 199 ..................................................... 31.175 Shiloh Spinners Ltd v Harding [1973] AC 691 ................................................. 11.15, 11.105, 11.110 Shipley Urban District Council v Bradford Corporation [1936] Ch 375 ...................................... 37.95 Shirlaw v Taylor (1991) 31 FCR 222 ............................................................................... 1.105, 1.160 Shivas v Bank of New Zealand [1990] 2 NZLR 327 .................................................................... 8.180 Shivas v BTR Nylex Holdings NZ Ltd [1997] 1 NZLR 318 ........................................................ 31.150 Shoreline Homes Ltd, Re [1982] 1 NZLR 663 ............................................................................ 1.110 Short v Short [1961] NZLR 516 .............................................................................................. 24.190 Shortall v White (2008) DFC ¶95–​411 ............................................................................ 17.90, P.170 Shotter v Westpac Banking Corporation [1988] 2 NZLR 316 .................................. 7.35, 7.150, P.145 Showa Shoji Australia Pty Ltd v Oceanic Life Ltd (1994) 34 NSWLR 548 ................... 3.55, 3.60, 3.70, 3.120, 3.135 Shropshire Union Railways and Canal Company v The Queen (1875) LR 7 HL 496 ..................... 2.75 Sidaway v Board of Governors of Bethlehem Royal Hospital [1985] 1 AC 871 ........................... 4.300 Siddell v Vickers (1892) 9 RPC 152 ......................................................................................... 34.165 Sidey v Huntly (1900) 21 LR (NSW) Eq 104 ............................................................................ 22.180 Sidhu v Van Dyke (2014) 251 CLR 505 ...................................................................... 10.160, 10.245 Sidney Raper Pty Ltd v Commonwealth Trading Bank of Australia [1975] 2 NSWLR 227 ...................................................................................................................... 30.90 Sidney, Re [1908] 1 Ch 488 .................................................................................................... 29.250 Sieff v Fox [2005] 1 WLR 3811 ....................................................................................... 23.45, 23.50 Silkman v Shakespeare Haney Securities Ltd (2011) 8 ASTLR 117 .............................................. 20.35 Silktone Pty Ltd v Devreal Capital Pty Ltd (1990) 21 NSWLR 317 .......... 31.05, 31.50, 31.90, 31.125, 31.150, 31.165, 31.185 Silovi Pty Ltd v Barbaro (1988) 13 NSWLR 466 ................................................. 2.105, 10.50, 10.235 Silven Properties Ltd v Royal Bank of Scotland plc [2004] 1 WLR 997 ............................. 36.50, 36.55 Silver v Silver [1958] 1 WLR 259 ............................................................................................. 26.125 Silverwood v Silverwood (1997) 74 P & CR 453 ....................................................................... 19.50 Silvester v Sands [2004] WASC 266 .................................................................... 26.75, 26.80, 26.85, 26.130, 38.200, 38.270 Simcevski v Dixon (No 2) [2017] VSC 531 ..................................................................... 11.70, 11.75 Simersall, Re (1992) 108 ALR 375 ....................................................................... 20.40, 20.55, 22.30 Simes & Martin Pty Ltd (in liq) v Dupree (1990) 55 SASR 278 ................................................ 28.195 Simic v New South Wales Land and Housing Corp (2016) 260 CLR 85 ............... 37.70, 37.75, 37.95 Simm v Anglo-​American Telegraph Co (1879) 5 QBD 188 ...................................................... 10.355 Simmonds, Re [1954] QWN 3 .................................................................................................. 21.80 Simpson & Co v Thompson (1877) 3 App Cas 279 ................................................................... 14.40 Simpson (deceased), Re [1961] QWN 50 ................................................................... 29.150, 29.380 Simpson, Re (1906) 7 SR (NSW) 78 .......................................................................................... 15.80 Simpson v Donnybrook Properties Pty Ltd [2010] NSWCA 229 ...................................... 4.240, 4.245 Simpson v Lord Howden (1837) 3 My & Cr 97; 40 ER 862 ..................................................... 37.155 Simpson v Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital NHS Trust [2012] QB 640 ........................... 3.40 Simpson v Sax [2015] NZAR 1210 ............................................................................................ 24.15 Sims v Craig Bell & Bond [1991] 3 NZLR 535 ........................................................................... 4.135 Simsek v Minister for Immigration and Ethnic Affairs (1982) 148 CLR 636 .............................. 32.150 Sinclair Investments (UK) Ltd v Versailles Trade Finance Ltd [2011] 1 BCLC 202 ........................ 38.35 Sinclair Investments (UK) Ltd v Versailles Trade Finance Ltd [2012] Ch 453 ............................... 38.35 Sinclair v Brougham [1914] AC 398 .......................................................................................... 39.25 Sinclair v Hope Investments Pty Ltd [1982] 2 NSWLR 870 ......................................................... 2.120 Singh (deceased), Re [1995] 2 NZLR 487 .................................................................................. 17.15 Singh v Ali [1960] AC 167 ........................................................................................................ 19.20 Singh v Nazeer [1979] Ch 474 ................................................................................................. 33.05

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Table of Cases

Singh v Singh (2004) 31 Fam LR 242 ........................................................................................ 26.55 Sinnott v Hockin (1882) 8 VLR (E) 205 ...................................................................................... 21.05 Sino Iron Pty Ltd v Palmer (No 3) [2015] 2 Qd R 574 ............................................................... 17.55 Sipad Holding DDPO v Popovic (1995) 14 ACLC 307 ................................................ 36.105, 36.155 Siporex Trade SA v Comdel Commodities Ltd [1986] 2 Lloyd's Rep 428 ......................... 31.80, 31.85 Sir Moses Montefiore Jewish Home v Howell & Co (No 7) Pty Ltd [1984] 2 NSWLR 406 .......................................................................................... 25.135, 25.145, 29.335 Siskina v Distos Compania Naviera SA [1979] AC 210 ............................................................... 31.25 Sivewright v Casey (1949) 49 SR (NSW) 294 ............................................................................ 23.85 Sivritas v Sivritas (2008) 23 VR 349 ..................................................................... 26.75, 26.90, 38.15 Skeats' Settlement, Re (1889) 42 Ch D 522 .............................................................................. 21.55 Skids Programme Management Ltd v McNeill [2013] 1 NZLR 1 ....................................... 6.30, 6.360 Skinner v Alfonso-​Skinner [2010] FamCA 329 ......................................................................... 31.195 Skinner v James Symphonic Visible Measures Ltd (1927) 28 SR (NSW) 20 ................................. 24.65 Skinner v Trustees Executors and Agency Co Ltd (1901) 26 VLR 670 ....................................... 24.180 Skouloudis Group Pty Ltd (in liq) v Planet Enterprizes Pty Ltd (2002) 41 ACSR 369 ................. 19.135 Sky Channel Pty Ltd v Tszyu (No 2) [2000] NSWSC 1150 .......................................... 14.150, 14.165 Sky Petroleum Ltd v VIP Petroleum Ltd [1974] 1 WLR 576 ........................................................ 33.45 Sky v Body (1970) 92 WN (NSW) 934 ...................................................................................... 22.65 Skywest Airlines Pty Ltd v Northern Territory of Australia (1987) 45 NTR 29 .............................. 33.90 Skywest Aviation Pty Ltd v Commonwealth of Australia (1995) 126 FLR 61 ............................. 10.200 Slan v Edgerly (2008) 14 BPR 26,369 ........................................................................................ 1.100 Slater v Global Finance Group Pty Ltd (1999) 150 FLR 264 ............................... 20.55, 21.20, 36.150 Slazenger v Feltham (No 2) (1889) 6 RPC 531 ........................................................................ 37.175 Sledmore v Dalby (1996) 72 P & CR 196 ................................................................................ 10.275 Slee v Warke (1949) 86 CLR 271 ....................................................................... 33.170, 37.15, 37.95 Sleight v Lawson (1857) 3 K & J 292; 69 ER 1119 ................................................................... 24.105 Slevin, Re [1891] 2 Ch 236 ..................................................................................................... 29.340 “Slogger” Automatic Feeder Co Ltd, Re [1915] 1 Ch 478 ......................................................... 36.80 Small v Gray (2004) 1 BFRA 249 ................................................................................................. 9.90 Smilie Pty Ltd v Bruce (1998) NSW ConvR ¶55–​841 ................................................................. 11.55 Smith (deceased), Re [1954] SASR 151 ................................................................................... 29.325 Smith (deceased), Re [1967] VR 341 ....................................................................................... 29.225 Smith (deceased), Re [2015] 4 All ER 329 ................................................................................. 7.130 Smith Kline & French Laboratories (Australia) Ltd v Commonwealth (1991) 173 CLR 194 ........ 6.290 Smith Kline & French Laboratories (Australia) Ltd v Secretary, Department of Community Services and Health (1990) 95 ALR 87 ....................................... 6.155, 6.175, 6.235, 6.255, 6.290, 6.295, 6.305 Smith Kline & French Laboratories (Australia) Ltd v Secretary, Department of Community Services and Health (1991) 99 ALR 679 ....................................... 6.10, 6.155, 6.170, 6.175, 6.235, 6.290 Smith Kline & French Laboratories Ltd, Re [1990] 1 AC 64 ............................................ 6.175, 6.190 Smith Kline & French Laboratories Ltd v Attorney-​General [1991] 2 NZLR 560 ......................... 6.175 Smith, Re [1914] 1 Ch 937 ..................................................................................................... 17.170 Smith, Re [1928] Ch 915 ........................................................................................................ 27.115 Smith, Re [1950] Ch 915 ........................................................................................................ 25.140 Smith, Re [1967] VR 341 ........................................................................................................ 29.265 Smith v Chadwick (1882) 20 Ch D 27 ........................................................................................ 8.90 Smith v Cock [1911] AC 317 .................................................................................................. 14.130 Smith v Day (1882) 21 Ch D 421 .............................................................................. 31.130, 31.140 Smith v Glegg [2005] 1 Qd R 561 ....................................................................... 1.130, 4.170, 7.30, 7.280, 7.285, 16.180 Smith v Green (1903) 22 NZLR 976 ........................................................................................ 22.110 Smith v Hughes (1871) LR 6 QB 597 ............................................................................. 8.150, 8.200

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Equity and Trusts in Australia

Smith v Matthews (1861) 3 De GF & J 138; 45 ER 831 ............................................................. 18.10 Smith v Perpetual Trustee Co Ltd (1910) 11 CLR 148 .................................................................. 3.45 Smith v Smith (1861) 1 Drew & Sm 384; 62 ER 426 ............................................................... 23.170 Smith v Smith (2004) 12 BPR 23,051 ............................................................ 8.200, 9.50, 9.65, 9.70, 9.90, 9.115, 9.155 Smith v Smith [2006] WASC 166 .............................................................................................. 21.70 Smith v Smith [2007] NTSC 31 .................................................................................. 26.140, 26.150 Smith v West Australian Trustee Executor & Agency Co Ltd (1950) 81 CLR 320 ........... 29.10, 29.290 Smith v William Charlick Ltd (1924) 34 CLR 38 ........................................................................... 8.10 SmithKline Beecham plc v Apotex Europe Ltd [2006] 1 WLR 872 ............................................ 31.130 SmithKline Beecham plc v Apotex Europe Ltd [2007] Ch 71 ................................................... 31.130 Smiths Ltd v Middleton [1979] 3 All ER 842 .............................................................................. 36.45 Smith's Will Trusts, Re [1962] 2 All ER 563 ............................................................................... 29.135 Smithson v Hamilton [2008] 1 WLR 1453 ................................................................................. 23.50 Smyth, Re [1970] ALR 919 ............................................................................................... 3.35, 3.100 Smyth v Jessep [1956] VLR 230 ...................................................................................... 11.60, 11.80 Smythe v Thomas (2007) 71 NSWLR 537 ................................................................................. 33.45 Snowden (deceased), Re [1979] Ch 528 ........................................................................ 18.45, 18.80 Snowlong Pty Ltd v Choe (1991) 23 NSWLR 198 ............................................ 16.145, 17.50, 38.130 Sobey v Sainsbury [1913] 2 Ch 513 ........................................................................................ 33.130 Societe Generale de Paris Tramways Union Co Ltd (1884) 14 QBD 424 .................................... 2.130 Societe Nationale Industrielle Aerospatiale v Lee Kiu Jak [1987] AC 871 .................................. 31.195 Soia v Bennett (2014) 46 WAR 301 ............................................................................................. 4.20 Soinco SACI v Novokuznetsk Aluminium Plant [1998] QB 406 ................................... 36.130, 36.135 Solle v Butcher [1950] 1 KB 671 ................................................................................... 8.160, 8.170, 8.200, 35.110 Somerville v Attorney-​General (1921) 21 SR (NSW) 450 ......................................................... 29.380 Somes, Re [1896] 1 Ch 250 ........................................................................................................ 8.85 Somodaj v Australian Iron & Steel Ltd (1963) 109 CLR 285 ...................................................... 10.20 Sony Corp v Anand [1981] FSR 398 ........................................................................................ 32.200 Sony Music Australia Ltd v Tansing (1993) 27 IPR 649 ............................................................ 31.100 Sood v Christianos (2008) 14 BPR 26,101 ................................................................................. 1.155 Sorna Pty Ltd v Flint (2000) 21 WAR 563 ....................................................................... 26.45, 38.10 Soulos v Korkontzilas (1997) 146 DLR (4th) 214 ............................................... 35.65, 38.50, 38.170 Souster v Epsom Plumbing Contractors Ltd [1974] 2 NZLR 515 .............................................. 34.120 South Australia v ATSA Pty Ltd (1980) 24 SASR 66 .................................................................. 10.395 South Australian Employers’ Chamber of Commerce & Industry Inc v Commissioner of State Taxation [2017] SASC 127 ......................................................................... 29.05, 29.235 South Bucks District Council v Porter [2003] 2 AC 558 ............................................................. 31.15 South Carolina Insurance Co v Assurantie Maatschappij “De Zeven Provincien” NV [1987] 1 AC 24 ....................................................................................... 31.25, 31.195, P.155 South Coast Oils Pty Ltd v Look Enterprises Pty Ltd [1988] 1 Qd R 680 ..................................... 12.25 South Eastern Sydney Area Health Service v Wallace (2003) 59 NSWLR 259 .............. 17.150, 29.175 South v Bloxham (1865) 2 Hem & M 457; 71 ER 541 ............................................................. 14.220 Southend-​on-​Sea Corporation v Hodgson (Wickford) Ltd [1962] QB 416 ............................... 10.395 Southern Cross Commodities Pty Ltd (in liq) v Ewing (1987) 11 ACLR 818 .................... 24.65, 24.70 Southern Cross Mine Management Pty Ltd v Ensham Resources Pty Ltd [2005] QSC 233 .................................................................................................................. 30.15, 30.25 Southern Equities Corporation Ltd (in liq) v Bond (No 4) [2000] SASC 358 ............................. 32.120 Southern Properties (WA) Pty Ltd v Department of Conservation and Land Management [2006] WASC 40 ............................................................................. 31.125, 31.160 Southern Real Estate Pty Ltd v Dellow (2003) 87 SASR 1 ..................................... 4.95, 4.100, 34.120 Southern Tableland Insurance Brokers Pty Ltd (in liq) v Schomberg (1986) 11 ACLR 337 ........ 31.135

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Table of Cases

Southern Wine Corporation Pty Ltd (in liq) v Frankland River Olive Co Ltd (2005) 31 WAR 162 ................................................................................................ 1.65, 23.130, 23.135 Southgate v Sutton [2011] WTLR 1235 ..................................................................................... 25.35 Southwood v Attorney-​General [2000] WTLR 1199 ................................................................. 29.100 Spalla v St George Wholesale Finance Pty Ltd (1999) 95 FCR 359 ........................................... 10.145 Spangaro v Corporate Investment Australia Funds Management Ltd (2003) 47 ACSR 285 ........................................................................................................ 38.100, 38.105 Sparrow (deceased), Re [1967] VR 739 .................................................... 15.65, 15.70, 15.80, 15.95 Special Purposes of Income Tax, Commissioners for v Pemsel [1891] AC 531 ............................................................................................. 29.25, 29.30, 29.35, 29.155 Specialist Diagnostic Services Pty Ltd v Healthscope Ltd [2010] VSC 443 .................................. 17.50 Spedding (deceased), Re [1966] NZLR 447 .............................................. 22.75, 22.80, 22.90, 24.05 Spedley Securities Ltd (in liq) v Greater Pacific Investments Pty Ltd (in liq) (1992) 30 NSWLR 185 .............................................................................................................P.45, P.170 Spehr (deceased), Re [1965] VR 770 .......................................................................... 29.175, 29.300 Speight, Re (1883) 22 Ch D 727 .................................................................................... 22.20, 22.55 Speight v Gaunt (1883) 9 App Cas 1 ............................................................................. 22.20, 22.55 Spellson v George (1987) 11 NSWLR 300 ................................................................................. 20.30 Spellson v George (1992) 26 NSWLR 666 ............................................................................... 24.160 Spellson v Spellson (1989) FLC ¶92–​044 ................................................................................. 19.170 Spence, Re [1938] 1 Ch 96 ..................................................................................................... 29.160 Spence, Re [1949] WN 237 ...................................................................................................... 18.80 Spence v Crawford [1939] 3 All ER 271 .......................................................................... 35.05, 35.15 Spencer v Spencer [2014] 2 NZLR 190 ............................................................. 22.80, 24.10, 24.150 Speno Rail Maintenance Australia Pty Ltd v Hamersley Iron Pty Ltd (2000) 23 WAR 291 ......... 14.135 Speno Rail Maintenance Australia Pty Ltd v Metals and Minerals Insurance Pte Ltd (2009) 226 FLR 306 ..................................................................................... 14.30, 14.35, 14.195 Spensley's Will Trusts, Re [1954] Ch 233 ................................................................................. 29.185 Spika Trading Pty Ltd v Harrison (1990) 19 NSWLR 211 ............................................. 14.140, 14.170 Spincode Pty Ltd v Look Software Pty Ltd (2001) 4 VR 501 ....................................................... 4.155 Spira v Commonwealth Bank of Australia (2003) 57 NSWLR 544 ................................................ 9.35 Spong v Spong (1914) 18 CLR 544 ................................................................................... 7.55, 7.70 Spooner v British Telecommunications [2000] PLR 65 ............................................................. 28.150 Sports Data Pty Ltd v Prozone Sports Australia Pty Ltd (2014) 316 ALR 475 ................................ 6.30 Sprange v Bernard (1789) 2 Bro CC 585; 29 ER 320 ................................................................. 17.80 Spread Trustee Co Ltd v Hutcheson [2012] 2 AC 194 ................................... 24.140, 24.145, 24.150 Spread v Morgan (1865) 11 HLC 588; 11 ER 1461 ................................................................. 15.105 Springfield Acres Ltd (in liq) v Abacus (Hong Kong) Ltd [1994] 3 NZLR 502 ........................... 38.110 Squires v SA Steel and Sheet Pty Ltd (1987) 45 SASR 142 ........................................................... 3.60 SSC & B: Lintas New Zealand Ltd v Murphy [1986] 2 NZLR 436 ................................................. 6.60 St George v Burnett (1871) 5 SALR 77 ...................................................................................... 24.95 St John (Lord) v St John (Lady) (1803) 11 Ves 526; 32 ER 1192 ............................................... 37.160 St Kilda Road Pty Ltd v Parker Simmonds Securities Ltd (2002) V ConvR ¶54–​652 .................. 18.100 Stable (deceased), Re [1957] QSR 90 ................................................. 17.20, 29.130, 29.245, 29.315 Stacey v Stacey [2010] WASC 85 ............................................................................................ 16.205 Stack v Dowden [2007] 2 AC 432 .................................................................... 26.75, 26.80, 38.165, 38.225, 38.235, 38.240 Staff Benefits Pty Ltd, Re [1979] 1 NSWLR 207 ................................... 23.125, 23.130, 23.150, 27.20 Stafford v Stafford (1857) 1 De G & J 193; 44 ER 697 ............................................................... 30.15 Stambulich v Ekamper (1998) 41 ATR 169 ................................................................................ 24.70 Stambulich v Ekamper (2001) 48 ATR 159 ................................................................................ 24.70 Stamp Duties for the State of NSW, Commissioner of v Bone (1976) 135 CLR 223 ................. 30.145 Stamp Duties (NSW), Commissioner of v Carlenka Pty Ltd (1995) 41 NSWLR 329 ...... 37.65, 37.105, 37.115, 37.120

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Equity and Trusts in Australia

Stamp Duties (NSW), Commissioner of v Pendal Nominees Pty Ltd (1989) 167 CLR 1 .............. 26.15 Stamp Duties (NSW), Commissioner of v Perpetual Trustee Co Ltd (1926) 38 CLR 272 ........... 25.105 Stamp Duties (NSW), Commissioner of v Sprague (1960) 101 CLR 184 ..................... 16.190, 20.155 Stamp Duties (NSW), Commissioner of v Way (1951) 83 CLR 570 .......................................... 29.225 Stamp Duties (Qld), Commissioner of v Jolliffe (1920) 28 CLR 178 ................................ 17.15, 17.30 Stamp Duties (Qld), Commissioner of v Livingston [1965] AC 694 ................................ 1.25, 16.205 Standard Chartered Bank Australia Ltd v Bank of China (1991) 23 NSWLR 164 ....................... 10.165 Standard Chartered Bank v Walker [1982] 1 WLR 1410 ............................................................. 36.30 Standard Insurance Co Ltd (in liq) v Sidey [1967] NZLR 86 ..................................................... 24.205 Standing v Bowring (1885) 31 Ch D 282 .................................................................................. 20.75 Stannard v Fisons Pension Trust Ltd [1991] 1 PLR 225 ............................................................... 23.50 Stansfield DIY Wealth Pty Ltd (in liq), Re (2014) 291 FLR 17 .................................................... 23.125 Staples v Baker [1999] 1 Qd R 317 .................................................................................. 14.125, P.75 State Bank of New South Wales Ltd v Burke (1997) 8 BPR 15,511 ...................... 7.165, 7.180, 7.280, 9.155, 35.25 State Bank of New South Wales Ltd v Chia (2000) 50 NSWLR 587 ........... 7.220, 36.30, 36.50, 36.85 State Bank of New South Wales Ltd v Hibbert (2000) 9 BPR 17,543 .......................................... 7.255 State Bank of New South Wales Ltd v Vecchio (unreported, SC(NSW), Kirby J, 10 November 1998) ................................................................................................................... 9.30 State Bank of New South Wales Ltd v Watt [2002] ACTSC 74 ..................................................... 9.55 State Bank of South Australia v Rothschild Australia Ltd (1990) 8 ACLC 925 ........ 14.20, 14.85, 14.90 State Bank of Victoria v Parry [1989] WAR 240 .......................................................................... 32.90 State Government Insurance Commission v Switzerland Insurance Australia Ltd (1995) 64 SASR 537 ................................................................................ 14.190, 14.195, 14.210 State Government Insurance Office (Qld) v Brisbane Stevedoring Pty Ltd (1969) 123 CLR 228 ................................................................................................. 14.30, 14.35, 14.55 State of Minnesota v Delano Community Development Corporation (1997) 571 NW 2d 233 ................................................................................................................ 29.235 State of South Australia v Lampard-​Trevorrow (2010) 106 SASR 331 ......................................... 4.315 State of South Australia v Peat Marwick Mitchell & Co (1997) 24 ACSR 231 .............................................................................................. 4.30, 4.40, 4.55, 4.70 State of Victoria v Nine Network (2007) 19 VR 476 .................................................................. 6.155 State Rail Authority of NSW v Heath Outdoor Pty Ltd (1986) 7 NSWLR 170 .............. 10.175, 10.185, 10.205, 10.220 State Revenue, Commissioner of v Lam & Kym Pty Ltd (2004) 10 VR 420 .................... 16.180, 17.05 State Revenue, Commissioner of v Landrow Properties Pty Ltd (2010) 79 ATR 800 ..................... 1.10 State Revenue, Commissioner of v Serana Pty Ltd (2008) 36 WAR 251 ....................................... 1.10 State Revenue, Commissioner of v Viewbank Properties Pty Ltd (2004) 55 ATR 501 ........................................................................................................... 17.100, 17.115 State Revenue (Victoria), Commissioner of v Royal Insurance Australia Ltd (1994) 182 CLR 51 ......................................................................................................................... 8.130 State Savings Bank of Victoria, Commissioners of v Patrick Intermarine Acceptances Ltd (in liq) [1981] 1 NSWLR 175 .................................................................. 14.70, 14.80, 14.180 State Transport Authority v Apex Quarries Ltd [1988] VR 187 ...................................... 31.55, 31.110 State Trustees Ltd v Attorney-​General (Vic) (2013) 301 ALR 798 ............................................. 29.220 Statewide Developments Pty Ltd v Higgins (2011) 15 BPR 29,195 ............................................ 11.75 Statoil ASA v Louis Dreyfus Energy Services LP [2008] 2 Lloyd's Rep 685 ........................ 8.175, 8.200 Stavrianakos v State of Western Australia [2016] WASC 64 ......................................... 38.165, 38.255 Stead, Re [1900] 1 Ch 237 ....................................................................................................... 18.50 Steadman v Steadman [1976] AC 536 ............................................................... 12.05, 12.20, 12.30, 12.45, 12.80, P.90 Steakhouse v Barnston (1805) 10 Ves 453; 32 ER 921 ............................................................. 30.150 Steedman v Drinkle [1916] 1 AC 275 ........................................................................................ 11.25 Steed's Will Trusts, Re [1960] Ch 407 ........................................................................................ 25.60

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Table of Cases

Steel, Re [1979] Ch 218 ............................................................................................................. P.110 Steel Wing Co Ltd, Re [1921] 1 Ch 349 ...................................................................................... 3.35 Steele, Re [1925] SASR 272 ..................................................................................................... 29.125 Stefanovic v Petrovic (unreported, CA(NSW), 30 October 1989) ............................................. 18.105 Stehar Knitting Mills Pty Ltd v Southern Textile Converters Pty Ltd [1980] 2 NSWLR 514 .......... 30.95 Stein v Sybmore Holdings Pty Ltd (2006) 64 ATR 325 .................................................... 25.45, 25.50 Stenhouse Australia Ltd v Phillips [1974] AC 391 ........................................................................ 6.55 Stenning, Re [1895] 2 Ch 433 ..................................................................................... 39.65, 39.100 Stephens, Ex parte (1808) 11 Ves 24; 32 ER 996 ..................................................................... 30.105 Stephens Travel Service International Pty Ltd (receivers and managers appointed) v Qantas Airways Ltd (1988) 13 NSWLR 331 ..................................... 16.115, 17.15, 38.125, 39.55 Stephens v Avery [1988] Ch 449 ............................................................................ 6.10, 6.95, 6.100 Stephens v Ell (2002) Q ConvR ¶54–​568 ................................................................................ 20.145 Stephenson Jordan & Harrison Ltd v MacDonald & Evans (1951) 69 RPC 10 .............................. 6.50 Stephenson v Barclays Bank Trust Co Ltd [1975] 1 WLR 882 ........................................ 23.65, 25.150 Stephenson's Settled Estates, Re (1906) 6 SR (NSW) 420 .......................................................... 22.40 Stepping Stones Nursery Ltd v Attorney-​General [2002] 3 NZLR 414 .................. 6.130, 6.195, 6.200 Stepps Investments Ltd v Security Capital Corp Ltd (1976) 33 DLR (3d) 351 ............................ 8.200 Steria Ltd v Hutchison [2007] ICR 445 .................................................................................... 10.160 Sterling Winthrop Pty Ltd v Boots Company (Australia) Pty Ltd (1996) ATPR ¶41–​452 ............ 30.175 Stern v McArthur (1988) 165 CLR 489 ................................ 1.20, 9.185, 11.05, 11.10, 11.15, 11.25, 11.30, 33.160, 38.155, P.150, P.160 Sterns Trading Pty Ltd v Steinman (1988) NSW ConvR ¶55–​414 ................................ 10.190, 38.160 Stevens & Cutting Ltd v Anderson [1990] 1 EGLR 95 .............................................................. 10.160 Stevens, Re [1898] 1 Ch 162 .................................................................................................. 24.105 Stevens v Hutchinson [1953] 1 Ch 299 ................................................................................... 36.145 Stevens v Standard Chartered Bank Australia Ltd (1988) 53 SASR 323 .................................... 10.335 Stevenson v Brand [1917] NZLR 902 ...................................................................................... 24.170 Stewart Chartering Ltd v C & O Managements SA [1980] 1 All ER 718 ..................................... 32.90 Stewart Dawson & Co (Vict) Pty Ltd v Federal Commissioner of Taxation (1933) 48 CLR 683 ....................................................................................................................... 26.100 Stewart Gill Ltd v Horatio Myer & Co Ltd [1992] 2 All ER 257 ................................................. 30.130 Stewart, Re [1908] 2 Ch 251 .................................................................................................. 18.130 Stewart, Re [2003] 1 NZLR 809 ................................................................................. 16.200, 22.120 Stewart, Re [2004] 1 NZLR 354 ................................................................................... 16.200, 30.40 Stewart v Atco Controls Pty Ltd (in liq) (2014) 252 CLR 307 ..................................................... 1.105 Stewart v Layton (1992) 111 ALR 687 ....................................................................................... 4.150 Stewart's Will Trusts, Re [1962] QWN 24 ................................................................................. 29.175 Stieper v Deviot Pty Ltd (1977) 2 BPR 9602 .............................................................................. 11.90 Stilbo Pty Ltd v MCC Pty Ltd (in liq) (2003) 11 Tas R 63 ......................................................... 24.195 Stillman and Wilson, Re (1950) 15 ABC 68 ............................................................................... 24.65 Stimpson v Smith [1999] Ch 340 .................................................................. 14.130, 14.140, 14.180 Stininato v Auckland Boxing Association (Inc) [1978] 1 NZLR 1 ................................................ 34.75 Stirling House (Guildford) Pty Ltd v Coghlan [2005] FCA 1623 ............................................... 32.155 Stirling v Forrester (1821) 3 Bli 575; 4 ER 712 ............................................................ 14.125, 14.130 Stocker v McElhinney (No 2) [1961] NSWR 1043 ................................................................... 31.175 Stockloser v Johnson [1954] 1 QB 476 ...................................................................................... 11.20 Stoke-​on-​Trent City Council v B & Q (Retail) Ltd [1984] AC 754 ............................................... 31.75 Stone (deceased), Re (1970) 91 WN (NSW) 704 ............................................. 17.180, 29.95, 29.250 Stone v Glendyc Pty Ltd [2003] WASC 80 ............................................................................... 10.280 Stone v Hoskins [1905] P 194 ................................................................................................. 38.145 Stone v Leonardis (2011) 110 SASR 503 ................................................................................... 2.120 Stone v Owen [2001] 1 Qd R 419 ........................................................................................... 38.200 Stone v Registrar of Titles [2012] WASC 21 ................................................................ 18.105, 18.130

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Equity and Trusts in Australia

Stooke v Taylor (1880) 5 QBD 569 ........................................................................................... 30.95 Stormriders Pty Ltd v Copperart Pty Ltd (2005) NSW ConvR ¶56–​110 .................................... 37.130 Stowe v Stowe (1995) 15 WAR 363; 127 FLR 25 .................... 10.65, 10.110, 10.375, 33.80, 38.170, 38.180, 38.185, 38.195, 38.270 Strachan & Co Ltd v Lyall & Sons Pty Ltd [1953] VLR 81 ........................................................... 12.75 Strakosch, Re [1949] Ch 529 .................................................................................................. 29.100 Strand Electric and Engineering Co Ltd v Brisford Entertainments Ltd [1952] 2 QB 246 ............... P.60 Strang, Re (1941) 41 SR (NSW) 114 ............................................................................ 22.200, 25.35 Stratford Racing Club Inc v Adlam [2008] NZAR 329 .................................................................. 4.85 Strathalbyn Show Jumping Club Inc v Mayes (2001) 79 SASR 54 ................... 17.140, 17.160, 29.60, 29.265, 29.270 Stratten, Re Will of [1981] WAR 58 ........................................................................................... 22.90 Stratton v Simpson (1971) 125 CLR 138 .................................................................... 29.300, 29.305 Stratton's Disclaimer, Re [1958] Ch 42 ...................................................................................... 20.75 Stratulatos v Stratulatos [1988] 2 NZLR 424 ................................................................ 38.20, 38.230 Strauss v Wykes [1916] VLR 200 ......................................................................... 20.55, 22.30, 22.90 Streamline Fashions Pty Ltd, Re [1965] VR 418 ............................................................ 37.95, 37.100 Streeter, Re Will of (1905) 11 ALR 99 ...................................................................................... 21.125 Streetscape Projects (Aust) Pty Ltd v City of Sydney (2013) 85 NSWLR 196 ................................ 4.30 Streetscape Projects (Australia) Pty Ltd v City of Sydney (2013) 295 ALR 760 ........ 4.30, 6.180, 6.215 Strickland v Weldon (1885) 28 Ch D 426 ................................................................................. 29.15 Strong v Bird (1874) LR 18 Eq 315 ......................................................................................... 18.130 Stuart, Re [1897] 2 Ch 583 ..................................................................................................... 24.215 Stuart v Armourguard Security Ltd [1996] 1 NZLR 484 ................................................ 20.130, 23.70 Stuart v Clemons [1951] Tas SR 23 ........................................................................................... 17.20 Stubbings v Jams 2 Pty Ltd [2017] VSC 404; (2015) 23 CCLJ 123; (2017) 91 ALJ 809 ................................................................................................................ 9.190, 9.195 Stuckey v Trustees, Executors & Agency Co Ltd [1910] VLR 55 ............................................... 26.150 Stucley, Re [1906] 1 Ch 67 ......................................................................................................... 1.95 Stump v Gaby (1852) De GM & G 623; 42 ER 1015 ............................................................... 24.170 Succession Duties (SA), Commissioner of v Isbister (1941) 64 CLR 375 ...................... 16.190, 20.155 Suco Gold Pty Ltd (in liq), Re (1983) 33 SASR 99 .................................................................... 23.120 Sue Dwyer Real Estate Pty Ltd v Histcote Pty Ltd (2001) 161 FLR 413 ....................................... 36.20 Sugar Australia Pty Ltd v Lend Lease Services Pty Ltd [2015] VSCA 98 ..................................... 31.100 Suggitt v Suggitt [2012] WTLR 1607 ...................................................................................... 10.235 Suhrer & Co AG v Transradio Ltd [1967] RPC 329 .................................................................... 6.215 Sui Mei Huen v Official Receiver (2008) 248 ALR 1 ................................................................. 38.195 Sullivan v Sclanders (2000) 77 SASR 419 ........................................ 6.10, 6.265, 6.275, 6.290, 6.295 Sullivan v Sullivan (2006) 13 BPR 24,755 .................................................................. 10.135, 10.170, 10.240, 10.255 Sullivan v Trilogy Funds Management Ltd [2017] FCAFC 153 ................................................. 28.250 Summer Hill Business Estate Pty Ltd v Equititrust Ltd [2010] NSWSC 776 ............................................................................................. 10.145, 10.155, 10.195 Summer Hill Business Estate Pty Ltd v Equititrust Ltd [2011] NSWCA 149 ............................................................................................ 10.145, 10.155, 10.195 Summers v Cocks (1927) 40 CLR 321 ........................................................................... 33.145, P.180 Sumner v Sumner (1884) 10 VLR (E) 261 ..................................................................... 29.10, 29.275 Suncorp Insurance and Finance v Commissioner of Stamp Duties [1998] 2 Qd R 285 ............................................................................................................... 1.20, 20.100 Sundance Spas NZ Ltd v Sundance Spas Inc [2001] 1 NZLR 111 .............................................. 31.30 Sundt Wrigley & Co Ltd v Wrigley (unreported, CA(UK), Sir Thomas Bingham MR, 23 June 1993) ..................................................................................................................... 32.85 Sunstar Fruit Pty Ltd v Cosmo [1995] 2 Qd R 214 ..................................................................... 11.05

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Table of Cases

Super 1000 Pty Ltd v Pacific General Securities Pty Ltd (2008) 221 FLR 427 ............................ 38.105 Super Chem Products Ltd v American Life and General Insurance Co Ltd [2004] 2 All ER 358 .......................................................................................................... 10.145, 30.165 Sutherland, Re Application of (2004) 50 ACSR 297 ................................................................... 22.90 Sutherland Shire Council v Leyendekkers [1970] 1 NSWR 356 ...................................... 37.15, 37.20, 37.25, 37.50 Sutton v House of Running Ltd [1979] 2 NZLR 750 ................................................... 31.100, 31.120 Suttor v Gundowda Pty Ltd (1950) 81 CLR 418 ...................................................................... 33.130 Svanosio v McNamara (1956) 96 CLR 186 ........................................................ 8.185, 8.195, 35.110 Swain v Law Society [1982] 1 WLR 17 .................................................................................... 24.165 Swain v Law Society [1983] 1 AC 598 ..................................................................................... 24.165 Swaine, Re [1939] SASR 25 ..................................................................................................... 29.340 Swale v Swale (1856) 22 Beav 584; 52 ER 1233 ...................................................................... 24.125 Swan, Re (2014) 120 SASR 149 .............................................................................................. 29.135 Swan v Perpetual Executors and Trustees Association of Australia Ltd (1897) 23 VLR 293 ........ 24.160 Swaney v Austin Health (2013) 11 ASTLR 654 ........................................................................ 29.160 Swanson v Dungey (1892) 25 SALR 87 ...................................................................... 21.110, 21.130 Swanson v Emmerton [1909] VLR 387 ...................................................................................... 22.55 Swanston Mortgage Pty Ltd v Trepan Investments Pty Ltd [1994] 1 VR 672 .............................. 2.120 Swift v Dairywise Farms Ltd [2000] 1 WLR 1177 ....................................................................... 17.65 Swift v Westpac Banking Corporation (1995) ATPR ¶41–​401 ............................................. 9.45, 9.55 Swimsure (Laboratories) Pty Ltd v McDonald [1979] 2 NSWLR 796 ........................................ 31.175 Swinburne v Federal Commissioner of Taxation (1920) 27 CLR 377 .......................................... 29.30 Swindle v Harrison [1997] 4 All ER 705 .......................................................................... 34.20, 34.35 Swiss Bank Corporation v Lloyds Bank Ltd [1979] Ch 548 ......................................................... 1.140 Swiss Bank Corporation v Lloyds Bank Ltd [1982] AC 584 ................................... 1.110, 1.140, 1.155 Sydmar Pty Ltd v Statewise Developments Pty Ltd (1987) 73 ALR 289 .................................... 30.115 Sydney Appliances Pty Ltd v Eurolinx Pty Ltd (2001) 19 ACLC 633 ......................................... 19.135 Sydney Consumers' Milk and Ice Co Ltd v Hawkesbury Dairy & Ice Society Ltd (1931) 31 SR (NSW) 458 ................................................................................................................. 33.05 Sydney Consumers' Milk and Ice Co Ltd v Hawkesbury Dairy and Ice Society Ltd (1931) 31 SR (NSW) 458 ........................................................................................ 33.05, 33.145 Sydney Homoeopathic Hospital v Turner (1959) 102 CLR 188 .......................... 19.95, 29.25, 29.325 Sydney Municipal Council v Kelly (1920) 20 SR (NSW) 107 .................................................... 29.175 Sydney Turf Club v Crowley [1971] 1 NSWLR 724 .................................................................... 14.40 Sykes (deceased), Re [1974] 1 NSWLR 597 ............................................................................... 25.35 Sykes v Stratton [1972] 1 NSWLR 145 ...................................................................................... 19.55 Sylvan Lake Golf & Tennis Club Ltd v Performance Industries Ltd (2002) 209 DLR (4th) 318 .................................................................................................. 37.65, 37.135 Symes v Hughes (1870) LR 9 Eq 475 ........................................................................................ 19.10 Symes v Weedow (1893) 14 ALT 197 ...................................................................................... 21.110 Symmons Plains Pastoral Holdings Pty Ltd v Tasmanian Motor Racing Co Pty Ltd (1996) 6 Tas R 284 ...................................................................................... 11.90, 11.95, 11.100 Symon, Re [1944] SASR 102 ................................................................................................... 19.140 Symonds v Raphael (1998) 24 Fam LR 20 ................................................................................. 10.30 Symons, Re [1949] SASR 289 .................................................................................................. 23.175 Synman Family Trust, Re [2013] VSC 364 ................................................................................. 25.60 Synod of the Anglican Catholic Church in Australia v Tee (2012) 7 ASTLR 365 ........................ 29.185 Sze Tu v Lowe (2014) 89 NSWLR 317 .............................................................. 1.105, 24.195, 26.40, 26.140, 38.10 Szelley, Marriage of (1977) FLC ¶90–​323 ................................................................................ 19.160 Szep v Blanken [1969] SASR 65 ................................................................................................ 35.95 Szozda v NSW Trustee and Guardian (2012) 17 BPR 32,223 ................................................... 20.125

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Equity and Trusts in Australia

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T T A Dellaca Ltd v PDL Industries Ltd [1992] 3 NZLR 88 .................................................. 12.30, 12.50 T Choithram International SA v Pagarini [2001] 1 WLR 1 ..................................... 3.85, 18.145, P.120 Tableland Peanuts Pty Ltd v Peanut Marketing Board (1984) 52 ALR 651 ..................... 31.95, 31.160 Tabone (deceased), Re [1968] VR 168 ......................................................................... 22.95, 22.110 Taddeo v Taddeo (1978) 19 SASR 347 ....................................................................... 26.125, 26.145 Taddeo v Taddeo (2010) 6 ASTLR 508 .................................................................................... 38.165 Tailby v Official Receiver (1888) 13 App Cas 523 ................................................ 3.105, 3.150, 17.75 Tait-​Jamieson v Cardrona Ski Resort Ltd [2012] 1 NZLR 105 ..................................................... 18.35 Talacko v Talacko [2009] VSC 349 ........................................................................................... 32.130 Talacko v Talacko (No 2) (2009) 25 VR 613 ............................................................... 32.130, 32.135 Talbot, Earl v Hope-​Scott (1858) 4 K & J; 70 ER 58 ................................................................. 24.125 Talbot, Marriage of (1994) 18 Fam LR 685 .............................................................................. 32.155 Talbot v General Television Corporation Pty Ltd [1980] VR 224 ........................................ 6.35, 6.345 Taleb v National Australia Bank Ltd (2011) 82 NSWLR 489 ................................................ 1.65, 2.35 Tamplin v James (1880) 15 Ch D 215 ..................................................................................... 33.170 Tancred v Delagoa Bay and East Africa Railway Co (1889) 23 QBD 239 ...................................... 3.35 Tannous v Cipolla Bros Holdings Pty Ltd (2001) 10 BPR 18,563 ..................................... 11.90, 11.95 Tantau v MacFarlane [2010] NSWSC 224 ................................................................................. 20.90 Tanti v Carlson [1948] VLR 401 .................................................................................... 22.95, 22.100 Tanumihardjo v Federal Commissioner of Taxation (1997) 36 ATR 400 ................................... 26.135 Tanwar Enterprises Pty Ltd v Cauchi (2002) 10 BPR 19,107 ...................................................... 11.35 Tanwar Enterprises Pty Ltd v Cauchi (2003) 217 CLR 315 .................................. 11.05, 11.25, 11.30, 11.35, 11.40, 14.15, P.160 Tara Shire Council v Garner [2003] 1 Qd R 556 ......................................................... 38.105, 38.115 Tarasiewicz v Titford [2013] NZHC 3466 .................................................................................. 25.35 Target Holdings Ltd v Redferns (a firm) [1996] AC 421 ....................................... 24.30, 24.40, 24.45 Tartsinis v Navona Management Co [2015] EWHC 57 (Comm) ........................ 37.75, 37.95, 37.105 Tasmanian Electronic Commerce Centre Pty Ltd v Federal Commissioner of Taxation (2005) 142 FCR 371 .......................................................................................................... 29.235 Tate Access Floors Inc v Boswell [1991] Ch 512 ...................................................................... 32.180 Tate v Williamson (1866) LR 7 Ch App 55 .................................................................................. P.135 Tatham v Huxtable (1950) 81 CLR 639 ...................................................................... 16.175, 17.125 Tavitian v Commissioner of Highways (2010) 270 LSJS 453 ...................................................... 37.05 Taxation, Commissioner of v Bargwanna (2012) 244 CLR 655 ................................................ 24.140 Taxation, Commissioner of v Linter Textiles Australia Ltd (in liq) (2005) 220 CLR 592 ................. 1.10 Taxation, Deputy Commissioner of v Assaad (2000) 45 ATR 466 ............................................... 32.65 Taxation, Deputy Commissioner of v Bollands [2012] FCA 1050 ............................................... 32.80 Taxation, Deputy Commissioner of v Gashi (2010) 27 VR 127 .................................................. 32.65 Taxation, Deputy Commissioner of v Gashi (2011) 84 ATR 175 ................................................. 32.35 Taxation, Deputy Commissioner of v Haritos [2013] VSC 12 ..................................................... 32.80 Taxation, Deputy Commissioner of v Hickey (1996) 33 ATR 453 ................................ 32.115, 32.120 Taxation, Deputy Commissioner of v Hua Wang Bank Berhad (2010) 273 ALR 194 ........ 32.60, 32.65 Taxation, Deputy Commissioner of v Kliman (2002) 29 Fam LR 301 ......................................... 32.30 Taxation, Deputy Commissioner of v Rettke (1995) 31 IPR 457 ................................................. 6.155 Taxation, Deputy Commissioner of v Robertson (2000) 44 ATR 1 ................................... 32.60, 32.65 Taxation, Deputy Commissioner of v Uysal (2004) 56 ATR 278 ................................................. 32.35 Taxation, Federal Commissioner for v Reliance Carpet Co Pty Ltd (2008) 236 CLR 342 ............. 11.50 Taxation, Federal Commissioner of v Aid/​Watch Incorporated (2009) 178 FCR 423 ................ 29.105 Taxation, Federal Commissioner of v Bamford (2010) 240 CLR 481 ........................................ 27.135 Taxation, Federal Commissioner of v Betro Harrison Constructions Pty Ltd (1978) 20 ALR 647 ................................................................................................................... 3.45, 3.50 Taxation, Federal Commissioner of v Card (1963) 109 CLR 177 ................................................ 36.25 Taxation, Federal Commissioner of v Clark (2011) 190 FCR 206 ............................................. 25.115 cxlii Gino, Dal Pont. 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Table of Cases

Taxation, Federal Commissioner of v Clarke (1927) 40 CLR 246 ................................... 17.60, 18.110 Taxation, Federal Commissioner of v Commercial Nominees of Australia Ltd (2001) 75 ALJR 1172 ..................................................................................................................... 25.115 Taxation, Federal Commissioner of v Consolidated Press Holdings Ltd (2001) 207 CLR 235 .... 19.150 Taxation, Federal Commissioner of v Cornell (1946) 73 CLR 394 .............................................. 20.80 Taxation, Federal Commissioner of v Everett (1980) 143 CLR 440 ........................ 3.35, 3.100, 3.115, 3.140, 3.145, 3.150 Taxation, Federal Commissioner of v Harmer (1990) 94 ALR 541 ............................................ 27.150 Taxation, Federal Commissioner of v Harmer (1991) 173 CLR 264 .......................................... 27.150 Taxation, Federal Commissioner of v Hart (2004) 217 CLR 216 ............................................... 19.150 Taxation, Federal Commissioner of v Karageorge (1996) 34 ATR 196 ...................................... 32.115 Taxation, Federal Commissioner of v Linter Textiles Australia Ltd (in liq) (2003) 129 FCR 42 ....... 1.10 Taxation, Federal Commissioner of v Linter Textiles Australia Ltd (in liq) (2005) 220 CLR 592 ......................................................................................................................... 1.10 Taxation, Federal Commissioner of v Marbray Nominees Pty Ltd 85 ATC 4750 ....................... 20.155 Taxation, Federal Commissioner of v Peabody (1994) 181 CLR 359 ........................................ 19.150 Taxation, Federal Commissioner of v Ramsden (2005) 58 ATR 485 .................... 20.75, 20.80, 20.85, 20.125, 20.155, 27.155 Taxation, Federal Commissioner of v Reliance Carpet Co Pty Ltd (2008) 236 CLR 342 .............. 35.05 Taxation, Federal Commissioner of v Spotless Services Ltd (1996) 186 CLR 404 ...................... 19.150 Taxation, Federal Commissioner of v Triton Foundation (2005) 147 FCR 362 .......................... 29.235 Taxation, Federal Commissioner of v Vegners (1991) 21 ATR 1347 ........................................... 20.75 Taxation, Federal Commissioner of v Whiting (1943) 68 CLR 199 ........................................... 27.145 Taxation, Federal Commissioner of v Word Investments Ltd (2008) 236 CLR 204 ........ 29.80, 29.280 Taxation, Federal Commissioner of v Zoffanies Pty Ltd (2003) 54 ATR 280 .............................. 19.150 Taxes (Qld), Commissioner of v Camphin (1937) 57 CLR 127 ................................................. 38.160 Tayles v Davis (2009) 3 ASTLR 222 .......................................................................................... 26.125 Taylor Fashions Ltd v Liverpool Victoria Trustees Co Ltd [1981] 1 All ER 897 ............................ 10.310 Taylor, Re [1950] VLR 476 ....................................................................................................... 22.105 Taylor v Bowers (1876) 1 QBD 291 ........................................................................................... 19.55 Taylor v Deputy Federal Commissioner of Taxation (1969) 123 CLR 206 ................................... 18.95 Taylor v Dickens [1998] 3 FCR 455 ............................................................................ 10.110, 10.310 Taylor v Federal Commissioner of Taxation (1970) 119 CLR 444 ................................ 27.140, 27.145 Taylor v Johnson (1983) 151 CLR 422 ............................................................... 8.190, 8.200, 37.125 Taylor v Marmaras [1954] VLR 476 .................................................................................. 1.55, 1.150 Taylor v McGillivray (1994) 110 DLR (4th) 64 ........................................................................... 4.300 Taylor v Plumer (1815) 3 M & S 562; 105 ER 721 ..................................................................... 39.10 Taylor v Princess Margaret Hospital for Children Foundation Inc (2012) 42 WAR 259 .............. 29.310 Taylor v Schofield Peterson [1999] 3 NZLR 434 ......................................................................... 34.50 Taylor v Taylor (1875) LR 20 Eq 155 .......................................................................................... 15.40 Taylor v Taylor (1910) 10 CLR 218 ..................................................... 29.25, 29.130, 29.135, 29.150 Taylor v Taylor [2017] 4 WLR 83 ............................................................................................... 18.10 Taylor v Van Dutch Marine Holding Ltd [2017] 1 WLR 2571 ..................................................... 32.35 Taylor v Watson [2002] NZCA 189 ......................................................................................... 38.180 Tchenguiz v Imerman [2011] Fam 116 ..................................................................................... 6.255 TCT Logistics Inc v Nordeen (1999) 181 DLR (4th) 74 ............................................................... P.190 Te Huango, Re [1993] 3 NZLR 77 ........................................................................................... 24.215 Te Runanga o Wharekauri Rekohu Inc v Attorney-​General [1993] 2 NZLR 301 ............................ 5.55 Teague v Trustees Executors and Agency Co Ltd (1923) 32 CLR 252 ....................................... 25.165 Teasdale v Braithwaite (1877) 5 Ch D 630 .............................................................................. 18.115 Tebbs (deceased), Re [1976] 2 All ER 858 ............................................................................... 24.105 Technomin Australia Pty Ltd v Xstrata Nickel Australasia Operations Pty Ltd (2014) 48 WAR 261 ........................................................................................................................ 37.70 Tegra (NSW) Pty Ltd v Gundagai Shire Council (2007) 160 LGERA 1 ............... 31.50, 31.90, 31.145, 31.160, 31.170 cxliii

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Equity and Trusts in Australia

Telecom New Zealand Ltd v Sintel-​Com Ltd [2008] 1 NZLR 780 ......................................P.100, P.175 Telecommunications Industry Ombudsman Ltd v Commissioner of State Revenue (2017) 105 ATR 822 ............................................................................................................ 29.85 Telephonic Communicators International Pty Ltd v Motor Solutions Australia Pty Ltd (2004) 62 IPR 323 ...................................................................................................... 6.55, 6.235 Television Broadcasts Ltd v Nguyen (1988) 21 FCR 34 ............................................................ 32.155 Telford v Telford [2003] VSC 8 .................................................................................................. 21.80 Telstra Corporation Ltd v Australian Telecommunications Authority (1995) 133 ALR 417 .......... 37.25 Telstra Corporation Ltd v First Netcom Pty Ltd (1997) 148 ALR 202 ............................................ 6.55 Telstra Super Pty Ltd v Finch [2009] VSCA 318 ....................................................................... 28.165 Telstra Super Pty Ltd v Flegeltaub (2000) 2 VR 276 ................................................................. 28.160 Tempest, Re (1866) LR 1 Ch App 485 ....................................................................................... 21.80 Tempest v Lord Camoys (1882) 21 Ch D 571 ........................................................................... 23.35 Templeton v Leviathan Pty Ltd (1921) 30 CLR 34 .......................................................... 2.135, 39.20 Tennant, Re (1942) 65 CLR 473 ................................................................................................ 24.65 Tennant, Re [1996] 2 NZLR 633 ................................................................................ 29.215, 29.235 Tennant v Trenchard (1869) LR 4 Ch App 537 .......................................................................... 1.155 Tenth Vandy Pty Ltd v Natwest Markets Australia Pty Ltd [2012] VSCA 103 ............................... P.160 Terceiro v First Mitmac Pty Ltd (1997) 8 BPR 15,733 ............................................................... 37.125 Terrapin Ltd v Builders' Supply Co (Hayes) Ltd [1967] RPC 375 ................................................... 6.85 Tessman v Costello [1987] 1 Qd R 283 ............................................................................ 9.90, 9.110 Tetley, Re [1923] 1 Ch 258 ..................................................................................................... 29.220 Thai-​Lao Lignite (Thailand) Co Ltd v Laos [2013] 2 All ER (Comm) 883 ..................................... 31.85 Tharp v Tharp [1916] 1 Ch 142 ................................................................................................ 18.30 Theakston v MGN Ltd [2002] EMLR 22 ..................................................................................... 6.100 Theodore v Mistford Pty Ltd [2003] QCA 580 .................................................................. 1.75, 18.10 Theodore v Mistford Pty Ltd (2005) 221 CLR 612 ........................................ 1.70, 1.75, 12.70, 18.10 Thermax Ltd v Schott Industrial Glass Ltd [1981] FSR 289 ....................................................... 32.160 Thexton v Thexton [2001] 1 NZLR 237 .................................................................................... 4.115 Thiess Pty Ltd v Arup Pty Ltd [2012] QSC 185 ............................................................. 37.95, 37.105 Third Chandris Shipping Corporation v Unimarine SA [1979] 2 All ER 972 ................................ 32.50 Thomas & Co v Brown (1899) 4 Com Cas 186 ......................................................................... 14.60 Thomas A Edison Ltd v Bullock (1912) 15 CLR 679 ................................................................... 31.85 Thomas and Agnes Carvel Foundation v Carvel [2008] Ch 395 ............................................... 38.145 Thomas Bates & Son Ltd v Wyndham's (Lingerie) Ltd [1981] 1 WLR 505 ................... 37.105, 37.125 Thomas Borthwick & Son (Australasia) Ltd v South Otago Freezing Co Ltd [1978] 1 NZLR 538 ......................................................................................................................... 31.55 Thomas Developments Pty Ltd v Setlee Pty Ltd (2002) 11 BPR 20,495 ....................................... P.160 Thomas Marshall (Exports) Ltd v Guinle [1979] Ch 227 ................................................... 6.30, 6.325 Thomas v Atherton (1878) 10 Ch D 185 ................................................................................. 14.125 Thomas v Harper (1935) 36 SR (NSW) 142 .................................................................. 33.35, 33.110 Thomas v Howell (1874) LR 18 Eq 198 ................................................................................... 29.145 Thomas v National Australia Bank Ltd [2000] 2 Qd R 448 ..................................... 3.55, 3.125, 3.135 Thomas v Nottingham Incorporated Football Club Ltd [1972] Ch 596 ................................... 14.140 Thomas v Pearce [2000] FSR 718 .............................................................................................. 6.240 Thomas v Perpetual Trustee Co (Ltd) (1955) 94 CLR 537 .......................................................... 17.15 Thomas v SMP (International) Pty Ltd (No 6) [2010] NSWSC 1311 ............................... 24.65, 24.70 Thomas v Thomas [1954] 2 All ER 462 ...................................................................................... 25.35 Thompson, Re Will of [1910] VLR 251 ..................................................................................... 24.215 Thompson v Federal Commission of Taxation (1959) 102 CLR 315 ........................................... 29.60 Thompson v Foy [2010] 1 P & CR 16 ................................................................................ 7.15, 7.50 Thompson v Guaranty Trust Co of Canada (1973) 39 DLR (3d) 408 ......................................... 12.45 Thompson v Palmer (1933) 49 CLR 507 .............................................. 10.35, 10.45, 10.220, 10.230 Thompson v White (2006) 13 BPR 24,537 ................................................................................ 18.10 Thompson's Settlement, Re [1985] 2 All ER 720 ........................................................................ 22.95 cxliv

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Table of Cases

Thompson's Trustee in Bankruptcy v Heaton [1974] 1 All ER 1239 ............................................ 4.205 Thomson Australia Holdings Pty Ltd v Trade Practices Commission (1981) 148 CLR 150 ........... 31.05 Thomson v Anderson (1870) LR 9 Eq 523 ................................................................................. 36.90 Thomson v Nicholson [1939] VLR 157 .................................................................................... 19.140 Thorn v Bettens [2006] SASC 59 ............................................................................................... 21.65 Thorne Developments Pty Ltd v Thorne (2015) 296 FLR 334 .................................................... 21.60 Thorne Developments Pty Ltd v Thorne [2017] 1 Qd R 156 ...................................................... 21.60 Thorne v Heard & Marsh [1895] AC 495 ................................................................................ 24.185 Thorne v Heard [1894] 1 Ch 599 ............................................................................... 24.185, 24.190 Thorne v Kennedy (2017) 91 ALJR 1260 .................................... 7.55, 7.105, 8.15, 9.20, 9.70, 9.115 Thorner v Major [2009] 1 WLR 776 ............................................................. 10.110, 10.115, 10.120, x10.165, 10.170, 10.310, 12.20 Thornley v Boyd (1925) 36 CLR 526 ......................................................................................... 22.20 Thornton v Howe (1862) 31 Beav 14; 54 ER 1042 .................................................................. 29.170 Thorp v Owen (1843) 2 Hare 607; 67 ER 250 ........................................................................... 17.85 Thorpe v Bristile Ltd (1996) 16 WAR 500 .................................................................................. 21.45 Three Rivers District Council v Governor and Company of the Bank of England [1996] QB 292 .......................................................................................................... 3.125, 3.135, 3.140 360 Capital RE Ltd v Watts (2012) 36 VR 507 ......................................................................... 28.255 3464920 Canada Inc v Strother (2005) 256 DLR (4th) 319 ..................................................... 34.140 Throp v Trustees Executors and Agency Co of NZ Ltd [1945] NZLR 483 ................................. 22.110 Thrupp v Collett (No 1) (1858) 26 Beav 125; 43 ER 844 ........................................................... 19.20 Thureau, Re [1948] ALR 487 ................................................................................................... 29.300 Thurston v Thurston [2013] NZHC 1886 .................................................................................. 21.80 Thwaites v Ryan [1984] VR 65 ............................................................... 12.25, 12.45, 18.30, 38.215 Thynne v Earl of Glengall (1848) 2 HLC 131; 9 ER 1042 ................................................ 15.35, 15.45 Tickle v Tickle (1987) 10 NSWLR 581 ........................................................................................ 25.25 Tierney v King [1983] 2 Qd R 580 ................................................................................. 20.45, 20.65 Tierney v Wood (1854) 19 Beav 330; 52 ER 377 ....................................................................... 18.10 Tillett v Varnell Holdings Pty Ltd [2009] NSWSC 1040 .............................................................. 7.115 Tilley's Will Trusts, Re [1967] Ch 1179 ....................................................................................... 39.75 Tilling Ltd v Blythe [1899] 1 QB 557 ....................................................................................... 36.115 Tillmanns Butcheries Pty Ltd v Australasian Meat Industry Employees' Union (1979) 42 FLR 331 ........................................................................................................................ 31.190 Tillott, Re [1892] 1 Ch 86 ......................................................................................................... 20.55 Tilt Cove, Re (1913) 82 LJ Ch 545 ............................................................................................. 36.80 Timber Engineering Co Pty Ltd v Anderson [1980] 2 NSWLR 488 ....................... 4.285, 6.375, 38.30 Timber Top Realty Pty Ltd v Mullens [1974] VR 312 ................................................................ 38.130 Times Newspapers Ltd v Attorney-​General (1991) 20 IPR 609 ................................................... 31.15 Timms v Commonwealth Bank of Australia [2004] NSWSC 76 .................................................. 4.250 Tindal v Federal Commissioner of Taxation (1946) 72 CLR 608 ............................................... 27.130 Tindon Pty Ltd v Adams [2006] VSC 172 ..................................................................... 25.160, 27.55 Tinker v Tinker [1970] 1 All ER 540 ........................................................................................... 19.35 Tinsley v Milligan [1994] 1 AC 340 .......................................................... 19.30, 19.35, 19.50, 19.55 Tipperary Developments Pty Ltd v State of Western Australia [2006] WASC 137 ....................... 18.35 Tipperary Developments Pty Ltd v State of Western Australia (2009) 38 WAR 488 .................... 18.35 Titan Group Pty Ltd v Steriline Manufacturing Pty Ltd (1990) 19 IPR 353 .............. 6.10, 6.75, 6.100, 6.170, 6.345 Tito v Waddell (No 2) [1977] Ch 106 .................................................... 5.35, 22.95, 22.100, 22.115, 24.185, 33.95, 33.105, 33.120 Titterton v Oates (1998) 143 FLR 467 .............................................................. 21.20, 21.80, 21.115, 21.120, 21.130 TMSF v Merrill Lynch Bank and Trust Company (Cayman) Ltd [2011] 4 All ER 704 ................. 25.125 Tobin v Ezekiel [2009] NSWSC 1313 ....................................................................................... 16.205 Todd v Novotny [2001] WASC 171 ..................................................................... 32.20, 32.45, 32.65 cxlv

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Equity and Trusts in Australia

Toksoz v Westpac Banking Corporation (2012) 289 ALR 577 .................................................... 39.20 Toll (FCGT) Pty Ltd v Alphafarm Pty Ltd (2004) 219 CLR 165 .................................................. 37.105 Tollemache, Re [1903] 1 Ch 955 ............................................................................................... 25.25 Tolley (deceased), Re (1972) 5 SASR 466 .................................................................................. 24.55 Tomasevic v Jovetic [2011] VSC 131 ......................................................................................... 29.15 Tombs v Roch (1846) 2 Coll 490; 63 ER 828 ........................................................................... 14.235 Tomkins, Re [1958] VR 310 ........................................................................................ 29.185, 29.300 Tomlins, Re [1961] VR 552 ...................................................................................................... 25.165 Tonto Home Loans Australia Pty Ltd v Tavares (2011) 15 BPR 29,699 ....................................... 9.175 Tony Blain Pty Ltd v Splain [1993] 3 NZLR 185 ............................................................ 31.45, 32.140 Toohey, Marriage of (1991) 14 Fam LR 843 ............................................................... 19.155, 19.170 Tooth & Co Ltd, Re (1978) 2 ATPR ¶40–​065 ............................................................................. 37.30 Tooth & Co Ltd v Smith (unreported, SC(NSW), 7 June 1985) ................................................ 30.115 Torkington v Magee [1902] 2 KB 427 ................................................................................ 3.05, 3.35 Toronto Dominion Bank v Forsythe (2000) 183 DLR (4th) 616 .................................................. 4.250 Torrance v Bolton (1872) LR 8 Ch App 118 ............................................................................... 8.200 Toubia v Schwenke (2002) 54 NSWLR 46 ................................................................................... 8.05 Town & Country Property Management Services Pty Ltd v Kaltoum [2002] NSWSC 166 ....................................................................................................................P.55, P.60 Town & Country Sport Resorts (Holdings) Pty Ltd v Partnership Pacific Ltd (1988) 20 FCR 540 ......................................................................................................................... 31.85 Townsend v Coyne (1995) 6 BPR 13,935 ................................................................................ 38.155 Townsend v Townsend [2006] NTSC 7 ............................................................. 12.45, 26.135, 34.65 Toyama Pty Ltd v Landmark Building Developments Pty Ltd (No 2) [2007] NSWSC 55 ........................................................................................................................... 22.90 Tracy v Bifield (1998) 23 Fam LR 260 .............................................................. 26.75, 38.195, 38.200 Trade Practices Commission v Glo Juice Co Pty Ltd (1987) 9 IPR 63 .......................................... 31.15 Tradegro (UK) Ltd v Wigmore Street Investments Ltd [2011] BCLC 616 ...................................... 1.65 Trafford's Settlement, Re [1985] Ch 32 ...................................................................... 20.125, 27.115 Tram Lease Ltd v Croad [2003] 1 NZLR 73 ................................................................................ 10.60 Tram Lease Ltd v Croad [2003] 2 NZLR 461 .............................................................................. 10.60 Tranchita v Retravision (WA) Pty Ltd [2001] WASCA 265 ................................ 7.55, 9.45, 9.55, 9.120 Trans Realties Pty Ltd v Grbac [1975] 1 NSWLR 170 .................................................................. 37.15 Transphere Pty Ltd, Re (1986) 10 ACLR 776 ................................................................................ 1.25 Trautwein v Richardson [1946] ALR 129 .................................................................................. 23.120 Travis, Re [1947] NZLR 382 .................................................................................................... 29.150 Travis Trust v Charities Commission (2009) 24 NZTC 23,273 ....................................... 29.60, 29.255 Trawl Industries of Australia Pty Ltd v Effem Foods Pty Ltd (1992) 27 NSWLR 326 ..................... 37.75 Treadwell v Hickey [2009] NSWSC 1395 ................................................................................... 3.125 Tree, Re [1945] 2 All ER 65 ...................................................................................................... 29.250 Tremain (deceased), Re [1934] NZLR 369 ............................................................................... 14.240 Trenchard, Re [1902] 1 Ch 378 ................................................................................................. 25.25 Trendtex Trading Corporation v Credit Suisse [1982] AC 679 ...................................................... 3.40 Trevenar v Ussfeller [2005] NSWSC 582 ...................................................................................... 7.35 Trevisan v Commissioner of Taxation (1991) 29 FCR 157 ........................................................ 20.100 Trevorrow v South Australia (No 3) (2005) 94 SASR 44 ............................................................. 6.170 Trevorrow v State of South Australia (No 4) (2006) 94 SASR 64 ..................................... 6.175, 6.320 Tribe v Tribe [1995] 4 All ER 236 ............................................................................................... 19.50 Tricontinental Corp Ltd v Commissioner of Taxation [1988] 1 Qd R 474 ..................................... 1.80 Trident General Insurance Co Ltd v McNiece Bros Pty Ltd (1988) 165 CLR 107 ........... 14.60, 16.125, 16.130, 16.140, 17.45 Triffitt's Settlement, Re [1958] Ch 852 .................................................................................... 16.175 Trifid Pty Ltd v Ratto [1985] WAR 19 ......................................................................................... 12.25 Trilogy Funds Management Ltd v Sullivan (No 2) (2015) 331 ALR 185 .................................... 28.250 Trim Perfect Australia Pty Ltd (in liq) v Albrook Constructions Pty Ltd [2006] NSWSC 153 ...... 23.130 cxlvi

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Table of Cases

Trimble v Kirkland (1913) 13 SR (NSW) 417 ........................................................................... 23.185 Trimmer v Bayne (1803) 9 Ves 209; 32 ER 582 ....................................................................... 14.215 Triple Seven Msn 27251 Ltd v Azman Air Services Ltd [2018] EWHC 1348 (Comm) ....... 8.145, 8.185 Trippe Investments Pty Ltd v Henderson Investments Pty Ltd (1992) 106 FLR 214 .................. 10.350 Trivan Pty Ltd, Re (1996) 14 ACLC 1,654 ....................................................................... 14.05, 14.25 Trojan v Nest Egg Nominees Pty Ltd [2004] SASC 182 ............................................................ 21.115 Troncone v Aliperti (1994) 6 BPR 13,291 .................................................................................... 1.65 Tropical Traders Ltd v R & H Goonan (No 2) [1965] WAR 174 ....................................... 11.20, 11.60 Trotter v Franklin [1991] 2 NZLR 93 ................................................. 14.145, 14.150, 14.180, 14.185 Truesdale v Federal Commissioner of Taxation (1971) 120 CLR 353 ........................................ 27.160 Truran v Cortorillo [2011] VSC 488 .................................................................................. 9.70, 9.155 Trust Co Fiduciary Services Ltd v Challenger Managed Investments Ltd (2008) 68 ACSR 356 ............................................................................................................ 25.35, 25.45 Trust Company of Australia Ltd v Commissioner of State Revenue (2007) 19 VR 111 ................................................................................................................ 1.10, 38.155 Trustee of the Property of F C Jones & Sons (a firm) v Jones [1997] Ch 159 .............................. 39.50 Trustees Executors & Agency Co Ltd v Margottini [1960] VR 417 ................. 16.175, 16.185, 25.165 Trustees, Executors and Agency Co Ltd v Acting Federal Commissioner of Taxation (1917) 23 CLR 576 ................................................................................................................ 1.20 Trustees of Church Property of the Diocese of Newcastle v Ebbeck (1960) 104 CLR 394 ................................................................................................. 19.10, 19.65, 37.35 Trustees of Church Property of the Diocese of Newcastle v Lake Macquarie Shire Council [1975] 1 NSWLR 521 ............................................................................................ 29.125 Trustees of Estate Mortgage Fighting Fund Trust v Federal Commissioner of Taxation (2000) 175 ALR 482 ............................................................................................. 25.140, 25.150 Trustees of the Christian Brothers in Western Australia (Inc) v Attorney General (WA) [2006] WASC 191 ................................................................................................... 17.20, 29.325 Trustees of the Property of Cummins v Cummins (2006) 227 CLR 278 ......... 19.120, 26.120, 26.125 Trustees of the Roman Catholic Church, Archdiocese of Sydney v Baulkham Hills Shire Council (1941) 15 LGR (NSW) 2 ........................................................................................ 29.130 Trustees of the State Public Sector Superannuation Scheme, Board of v Edington (2011) 119 ALD 472 .......................................................................................................... 28.235 Trustek Australia Pty Ltd v Burke (1998) 40 IPR 455 .................................................................. 6.215 Trusts of Kean Memorial Trust Fund, Re (2003) 86 SASR 449 ......................................... 22.45, 25.55 Trusts of the Abbott Fund, Re [1900] 2 Ch 326 ......................................................................... 26.35 Trusts of the Will of Osborne, Re (1863) 2 SCR (NSW) Eq 89 .................................................. 23.170 Trytel, Re [1952] 2 TLR 32 ........................................................................................................ 17.75 TS & B Retail Systems Pty Ltd v 3Fold Resources Pty Ltd (2003) 57 IPR 530 ................ 30.10, 32.155, 32.200 T's Settlement Trusts, Re [1964] Ch 158 .................................................................................... 25.65 Tsang Chuen v Li Po Kwai [1932] AC 715 ................................................................................... 2.30 TSB Bank plc v Camfield [1995] 1 WLR 430 .............................................................................. 35.25 TSB Private Bank International SA v Chabra [1992] 1 WLR 231 ............................................... 32.100 Tsimidopoulos v Mulson Holdings Pty Ltd (1989) 1 WAR 359 ................................................. 31.145 Tucker v News Media Ownership Ltd [1986] 2 NZLR 716 ........................ 6.130, 31.35, 31.60, 31.85 Tuck's Settlement Trusts, Re [1978] 2 WLR 411 ....................................................................... 17.130 Tudor Developments Pty Ltd v Makeig (2008) 72 NSWLR 624 ................................... 10.360, 10.380 Tui Foods Ltd v New Zealand Milk Corporation Ltd [1997] 2 NZLR 214 ....................... 31.50, 31.165 Tulk v Moxhay (1848) 2 Ph 774; 41 ER 1143 ............................................................................... P.30 Tulloch (decd) v Braybon (No 2) [2010] NSWSC 650 ...................................................... 7.35, 7.135 Tuna Tasmania Pty Ltd v Allison [2003] TASSC 4 ....................................................................... 4.200 Turner, Re [1897] 1 Ch 536 ............................................................. 23.160, 24.200, 24.205, 24.215 Turner v Bladin (1951) 82 CLR 463 ................................................................... 33.10, 33.65, 34.115 Turner v Burkinshaw (1867) LR 2 Ch App 488 ........................................................................... 36.45 Turner v Coombe [2018] NZHC 315 ....................................................................................... 17.135 Turner v Dunne [1996] QCA 272 ............................................................................... 38.190, 38.195 cxlvii

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Equity and Trusts in Australia

Turner v Grovit [1999] 3 WLR 794 .......................................................................................... 31.195 Turner v Hancock (1882) 20 Ch D 303 ................................................................................... 23.135 Turner v Pickering [1976] 1 NZLR 129 ...................................................................................... 37.50 Turner v Turner [1984] Ch 100 ................................................................................................. 23.35 Turner v Universal Home Loans Pty Ltd [2004] NSWSC 200 .................................................... 32.120 Turner v Universal Home Loans Pty Ltd [2004] NSWSC 936 ........................................... 32.55, 32.65 Turner v Windever [2003] NSWSC 1147 .......................................................................... 9.05, 9.115 Turner v Windever [2005] ANZ ConvR 214 ........................................................................ 9.10, 9.25 Turton v Turton [1988] Ch 542 ................................................................................................. 26.75 Tusyn v State of Tasmania (2004) 13 Tas R 51 ........................................................................... 4.315 Tutita Pty Ltd v Ryleaco Pty Ltd (1989) 4 BPR 9635 ................................................................. 11.115 Tutt v Doyle (1997) 42 NSWLR 10 ............................................................................................ 8.200 TV Shopping Network Ltd v Scutt (1998) 43 IPR 451 .................................................................. 6.55 TV3 Network Ltd v Eveready New Zealand Ltd [1993] 3 NZLR 435 ................................ 31.05, 31.25 TV3 Network Services Ltd v Broadcasting Standards Authority [1995] 2 NZLR 720 ................... 6.130 TV3 Network Services Ltd v Fahey [1999] 2 NZLR 129 ............................................................ 31.175 Twigger, Re [1989] 3 NZLR 329 .......................................... 29.115, 29.130, 29.240, 29.280, 29.370 Twinsectra Ltd v Yardley [2002] 2 AC 164 ............................................... 16.80, 17.45, 26.45, 27.85, 27.105, 38.90, 38.105, 38.120 Two Solicitors, Re (1911) 7 Tas LR 78 ........................................................................................ 4.160 Tyndall Superannuation Ltd v Commercial Nominees of Australia Ltd (2001) 37 ACSR 167 ..................................................................................................................... 31.165 Tyrell v Bank of London (1862) 10 HLC 26; 11 ER 934 .............................................................. 4.135 Tyrie (deceased), Re [1970] VR 264 ........................................................................... 29.130, 29.175 Tyrie (No 1), Re [1972] VR 168 ............................................................................................... 29.335 Tyrrel's Case (1557) 2 Dy 155a; 73 ER 336 ............................................................................... 16.35 Tyson v Tyson (1901) 1 SR (NSW) Eq 18 ................................................................................. 24.165 TZ Ltd v ZMS Investments Pty Ltd [2010] NSWSC 196 ............................................................. 32.45

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U UDC Finance Ltd v Down (2009) 9 NZBLC 102,705 ................................................................. 7.205 UEB Industries Ltd Pension Plan, Re [1990] 3 NZLR 347 .............................................................. 8.50 UEB Industries Ltd Pension Plan, Re [1992] 1 NZLR 294 ............................................. 28.150, 28.170 UK Housing Alliance (North West) Ltd v Francis [2010] 3 All ER 519 ......................................... 11.10 Ulrich v Treasury Solicitor [2006] 1 WLR 33 ............................................................................. 29.295 Ultimate Property Group Pty Ltd v Lord (2004) 60 NSWLR 646 ..................................... 36.50, 36.60 Ultraframe (UK) Ltd v Fielding [2007] WTLR 835 ...................................................................... 38.70 Ulverston and District New Hospital Building Trusts, Re [1956] Ch 622 ................................... 29.345 Umphelby v Grey (1898) 24 VLR 979 ....................................................................................... 22.90 Umpherston, Re (1990) 53 SASR 293 ........................................................................ 29.145, 29.155 Uncle v Parker (1994) 55 IR 120 ............................................................................................. 28.150 Uncle’s Joint Pty Ltd, Re Application of (2014) 12 ASTLR 487 .................................................. 23.170 Uniflex (Australia) Pty Ltd v Hanneybel (unreported, SC(WA), White J, 17 August 1998) ........... 32.65 Unilever plc v Cussons (New Zealand) Pty Ltd [1997] 1 NZLR 433 ............................... 30.175, 31.50 Union Bank of Australia Ltd v Whitelaw [1906] VLR 711 .............................................................. 7.05 Union Bank of Scotland v National Bank of Scotland (1886) 12 App Cas 53 ............................. 2.100 Union Eagle Ltd v Golden Achievement Ltd [1997] AC 514 ........................................... 11.40, 11.55 Union Fidelity Trustee Co Ltd v Federal Commissioner of Taxation (1969) 119 CLR 177 ..................................................................................................................... 27.130 Union Fidelity Trustee Co of Australia Ltd v Gibson [1971] VR 573 ................. 7.30, 7.35, 7.55, 7.115 Union Trustee Co Ltd v Church of England Property Trust, Diocese of Sydney (1946) 46 SR (NSW) 298 ............................................................................................................... 29.300 Union Trustee Co of Australia Ltd, Re [1936] QWN 6 ................................................. 23.170, 23.175

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Table of Cases

Union Trustee Co of Australia Ltd v Bartlam (1948) 76 CLR 492 ................................................ 21.15 Union Trustee Co of Australia Ltd v Gorrie [1962] Qd R 605 ........................................ 22.95, 22.110 United Bank of Kuwait plc v Sahib [1996] 3 All ER 215 ................................................................ 1.75 United Bank of Kuwait plc v Sahib [1997] Ch 107 ....................................................................... 1.65 United Builders Pty Ltd v Mutual Acceptance Ltd (1980) 144 CLR 673 ...................................... 1.115 United Dominions Corporation Ltd v Brian Pty Ltd (1985) 157 CLR 1 ........................................................................................ 4.190, 4.200, 4.215, 38.175 United Grand Lodge of Ancient Free and Accepted Masons of England v Holborn Borough Council [1957] 1 WLR 1080 ................................................................................ 29.190 United Mizrahi Bank Ltd v Doherty [1998] 1 WLR 435 .............................................................. 32.85 United Pacific Industries Pty Ltd v Madison Sports Pty Ltd (1998) 41 IPR 546 ......................... 31.135 United Scientific Holdings Ltd v Bornley Borough Council [1978] AC 904 .................................... P.45 United States of America v Motor Trucks Ltd [1924] AC 196 ..................................................... 37.95 United States of America v Yemec (2003) 67 OR (3d) 394 ........................................................ 31.85 United States Surgical Corporation v Hospital Products International Pty Ltd [1982] 2 NSWLR 766 ............................................................................................................... 4.30, 4.35 United States Surgical Corporation v Hospital Products International Pty Ltd [1983] 2 NSWLR 157 ........................................................................................................... 4.325, 38.30 United States v Carter (1909) 217 US 286 .................................................................................. 5.25 United States v Kagama (1886) 118 US 375 ............................................................................... 5.40 United States v Kuch (1968) 288 F Supp 439 .......................................................................... 29.170 United States v Mitchell (1983) 103 S Ct 2961 ........................................................................... 5.40 Uniting Church in Australia Property Trust (NSW) v Monsen [1978] 1 NSWLR 575 ................... 29.15 Universal Corporation v Five Ways Properties Ltd [1979] 1 All ER 552 ....................................... 11.75 Universal Distributing Co Ltd (in liq), Re (1933) 48 CLR 171 .......................................... 1.105, 27.35 Universal Management Ltd, Re [1983] NZLR 462 ........................................................ 1.110, 38.155 Universal Music Australia Pty Ltd v Sharman License Holdings Ltd (2004) 205 ALR 319 ........................................................................................................... 31.85, 32.185 Universal Music Australia Pty Ltd v Sharman License Holdings Ltd (2005) 228 ALR 174 ...................................................................................................................... 32.120 Universal Thermosensors Ltd v Hibben [1992] 1 WLR 840 ......................................... 32.165, 32.175 University Computing Co v Lykes-​Youngstown Corp (1974) F 2d 518 ...................................... 6.345 University of New South Wales International House Ltd v University of New South Wales [2016] NSWSC 1709 ............................................................................................... 29.145 University of New South Wales v Moorhouse (1975) 133 CLR 1 ................................................ 37.30 University of Nottingham v Fishel [2000] ICR 1462 ................................................................... 4.285 Update Constructions Pty Ltd v Rozelle Child Care Centre Ltd (1990) 20 NSWLR 251 ............ 10.335 Urane v Whipper (2002) NSW ConvR ¶55–​992 ........................................................................ 7.125 US International Marketing Ltd v National Bank of New Zealand Ltd [2004] 1 NZLR 589 ................................................................................................... 38.70, 38.75, 38.90 UTC Ltd v NZI Securities Australia Ltd (1991) 4 WAR 349 ........................................................... 1.75

V V-​Flow Pty Ltd v Holyoake Industries (Vic) Pty Ltd (2013) 296 ALR 418 ................................... 34.140 Vacuum Oil Co Pty Ltd v Wiltshire (1945) 72 CLR 319 ....................... 16.205, 23.120, 23.135, 30.25 Vadasz v Pioneer Concrete (SA) Pty Ltd (1995) 184 CLR 102 ........ 6.375, 7.280, 9.155, 35.15, 35.25 Valbirn Pty Ltd v Powprop Pty Ltd [1991] 1 Qd R 295 ............................................................. 10.160 Valeo Vision Société Anonyme v Flexible Lamps Ltd [1995] RPC 205 ......................................... 6.255 Valofo Pty Ltd v PILT Nominees Pty Ltd [2011] NSWSC 134 ...................................................... 16.05 Valoutin Pty Ltd v Furst (1998) 154 ALR 119 ................................................. 25.125, 25.130, 26.110 Van Dyke v Sidhu (2013) 301 ALR 769 ................................................................................... 10.160 Van Dyke v Sidhu [2014] NSWSC 1341 .................................................................................. 10.245 Van Gruisen's Will Trusts, Re [1964] 1 All ER 843 ....................................................................... 25.60

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Equity and Trusts in Australia

Van Kessel v Human Rights Commission [1986] 1 NZLR 628 .................................................... 37.20 Van Lynn Developments Ltd v Pelias Construction Co Ltd [1969] 1 QB 607 ................................ 3.35 Vancouver Society of Immigrant and Visible Minority Women v Minister of National Revenue (1999) 169 DLR (4th) 34 ........................................................................ 29.145, 29.250 Vandervell v Inland Revenue Commissioners [1967] 2 AC 291 .............................. 1.25, 18.10, 26.55 Vandervell's Trusts (No 2), Re [1974] Ch 269 ............................................................................ 26.05 Vantage Systems Pty Ltd v Priolo Corporation Pty Ltd (2015) 47 WAR 547 ............................. 37.125 Vardon's Trusts, Re (1885) 31 Ch D 275 .................................................................................. 15.110 Varley v Varley [2006] NSWSC 1025 .................................................... 31.05, 31.50, 31.130, 31.135 Varsani v Jesani [1999] Ch 219 ................................................................................... 29.170, 29.360 Varthalis v Commonwealth Bank of Australia (1996) 7 BPR 14,766 ........................................... 9.155 Vasiliou, Re (2006) 235 ALR 136 ............................................................................................. 18.100 Vasiliou v Marchesi (2006) 157 FCR 252 ................................................................................. 18.100 Vasiliou v Marchesi [2008] FCAFC 129 .................................................................................... 18.105 Vatcher v Paull [1915] AC 372 ................................................................ 8.50, 8.55, 8.70, 8.75, 8.85 Vaudeville Electric Cinema, Ltd v Muriset [1923] 2 Ch 74 ......................................................... 37.90 Vaughan, Re (1886) 33 Ch D 187 ........................................................................................... 29.175 Vauxhall Bridge Co v Spencer (Earl) (1821) Jac 64; 37 ER 774 ................................................. 37.160 Vauxhall Motors Ltd v Manchester Ship Canal Co Ltd [2018] EWCA Civ 1100 .......................... 11.10 Vavasseur v Krupp (1878) 9 Ch D 351 .................................................................................... 37.175 Vedejs v Public Trustee [1985] VR 569 ....................................................................................... 26.80 Venables v Hornby [2002] PLR 377 ......................................................................................... 28.150 Venables v News Group Newspapers Ltd [2001] 2 WLR 1038 ........................................ 6.145, 6.170 Venture, The [1908] P 218 ........................................................................................................ 26.60 Vercoe v Rutland Fund Management Ltd [2010] EWHC 424 ............................................. 4.265, P.60 Verduci v Golotta (2010) 15 BPR 28,865 ............................................................................ 7.30, 9.30 Verge v Somerville [1924] AC 496 ............................................................................................ 29.60 Vero Liability Insurance Ltd v Heartland Bank Ltd [2015] NZCA 288 ....................................... 39.105 Verrall v Great Yarmouth Borough Council [1981] QB 202 ...................................................... 33.120 Vervoort v Forrest [2016] 3 NZLR 897 ....................................................................................... 17.35 Vestergaard Frandsen A/​S v Bestnet Europe Ltd [2013] ICR 981 ................................................ 6.215 Vestey's Settlement, Re [1951] 1 Ch 209 ................................................................................. 20.125 Vickery, Re [1931] 1 Ch 572 ..................................................................................................... 24.95 Victoria Gardens Developments Pty Ltd v Commissioner of State Revenue (1998) 41 ATR 187 ........................................................................................................................ 37.120 Victoria Steamboats Ltd, Re [1897] 1 Ch 158 ............................................................................ 36.80 Victoria University of Technology v Wilson [2003] VSC 299 ....................................................... 32.55 Victoria University of Technology v Wilson (2004) 60 IPR 392 ................................................. 34.145 Victoria University of Technology v Wilson (2006) 68 IPR 597 ................................................. 34.145 Victoria v Sutton (1998) 195 CLR 291 ....................................................................................... 16.15 Victorian Women Lawyers' Association Inc v Federal Commissioner of Taxation (2008) 170 FCR 318 ..................................................................................................................... 29.280 Vimig Pty Ltd v Contract Tooling Pty Ltd (1986) 9 NSWLR 731 ............................................... 35.110 Vincent v Peacock [1973] 1 NSWLR 466 ................................................................................... 31.60 Vines v Australian Securities and Investments Commission (2007) 73 NSWLR 451 .................. 24.200 Vinogradoff, Re [1935] WN 68 .................................................................................................. 26.55 Violet Home Loans Pty Ltd v Schmidt (2013) 44 VR 202 ........................................................... 9.195 Virgin Enterprises Ltd v Virgin Star Pty Ltd (2005) 67 IPR 557 ...................................... 31.50, 31.165 Virtu Fast Ferries Ltd v Ship Cape Leveque (2015) 232 FCR 9 .................................................... 33.35 Visagie v TVX Gold Inc (2000) 187 DLR (4th) 193 ..................................................................... 4.225 Visbord v Federal Commissioner of Taxation (1943) 68 CLR 354 ........................ 36.15, 36.25, 36.45, 36.50, 36.75 Vision Super Pty Ltd v Poulter (2006) 154 FCR 185 ................................................................. 28.235 Visnic v Sywak [2008] NSWSC 427 ........................................................................................... 34.20 Visnic v Sywak (2009) 257 ALR 517 .......................................................................................... 34.20 cl

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Table of Cases

Vita Health Co (1985) Ltd v Toronto-​Dominion Bank (1995) 118 DLR (4th) 289 ....................... 4.250 Vital Finance Corporation Pty Ltd v Taylor (1991) ASC ¶56–​099 ................................................. 9.55 Viveash, Re [1971] WAR 62 ....................................................................................................... 25.80 Vivendi SA v Richards [2013] BCC 771 ........................................................................................ 4.85 Vockensohm v Zeven (1893) 3 WW & A'B 122 ......................................................................... 2.130 Voges v Monaghan (1954) 94 CLR 231 .............................................................. 18.45, 18.50, 18.55 Vosz, Re [1926] SASR 218 ....................................................................................................... 29.130 Voukidis v C & O Voukidis Pty Ltd (in liq) [2018] VSC 267 ........................................................ 26.55 Vrkic v Otta International Pty Ltd (2003) 12 BPR 22,535 ........................................................... 2.105 Vyse v Foster (1872) LR 8 Ch App 309 .......................................... 24.30, 24.35, 24.65, 24.75, 24.90 Vyse v Foster (1874) LR 7 HL 318 .............................................................................................. 24.90

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W W D & H O Wills (New Zealand) Ltd Pensions Fund, Re [1974] 2 NZLR 27 ............................... 25.35 W F Harrison and Co Ltd v Burke [1956] 1 WLR 419 ................................................................... 3.35 W Higgins Ltd v Northampton Corp [1927] 1 Ch 128 .............................................................. 37.95 W Pope and Co Pty Ltd v Edward Souery and Co Pty Ltd [1983] WAR 117 ............................. 30.110 W v Egdell [1990] 2 WLR 471 ................................................................................................... 6.305 W v G (1996) 20 Fam LR 49 .......................................................................... 10.65, 10.105, 10.270, 38.180, 38.185, 38.195 W v H [2001] 1 All ER 300 ............................................................................................. 31.80, 31.85 WA Fork Truck Distributors Pty Ltd v Jones [2003] WASC 102 ................................................... 4.100 Waff Bros Inc v Bank of North Carolina (1976) 221 SE 2d 273 ................................................ 14.225 Wagdy Hanna & Associates Pty Ltd v National Library of Australia (2012) 7 ACTLR 70 .............. 30.35 Wagstaff, Marriage of (1990) 14 Fam LR 78 ................................................................... 24.80, 39.80 Waikato (Pty) Ltd v Kaplan [2002] VSC 310 .............................................................................. 31.90 Waimor Holdings Ltd v Dean [1981] 2 NZLR 416 ..................................................................... 33.20 Waine v King (SC(NSW), Hodgson J, 5 October 1994, unreported) ............................. 22.110, 25.35 Waipara Pty Ltd v Police Association (1998) V ConvR ¶54–​583 .................................. 10.110, 10.210 Wait, Re [1927] 1 Ch 606 .................................................................................... 1.95, 3.150, 33.45, 33.50, 35.60, 37.140 Waitemata Electric Power Board v King Builders Ltd [1993] 1 NZLR 312 .................... 10.365, 10.375 Wakeling v Wade [2011] FCA 1292 ............................................................................................. 3.40 Walden Properties Ltd v Beaver Properties Pty Ltd [1973] 2 NSWLR 815 .............. 4.170, 34.155, P.55 Wales v Vrsecky [2015] VSC 223 ............................................................................................... 24.10 Wales v Wales (2013) 10 ASTLR 41 ......................................................................................... 21.115 Wales v Wales (No 2) (2014) 12 ASTLR 98 .............................................................................. 21.130 Walker, Re [1901] 1 Ch 259 ...................................................................................................... 21.60 Walker, Re [1901] 1 Ch 879 ...................................................................................................... 25.25 Walker, Re (1901) 1 SR (NSW) Eq 237 .................................................................................... 22.155 Walker v Corboy (1990) 19 NSWLR 382 ...................................................................... 16.95, 16.110 Walker v Department of Social Security (1995) 56 FCR 354 .................................................... 30.115 Walker v Linom [1907] 2 Ch 104 .............................................................................................. 2.140 Walker v Melham [2007] NSWSC 264 ...................................................................................... 30.35 Walker v Secretary, Department of Social Security (1995) 56 FCR 354 ......................... 30.95, 30.110 Walker v Stones [2001] QB 902 ................................................................................. 24.140, 24.150 Walker v Willis [1969] VR 778 ........................................................................................ 22.40, 23.65 Wall, Re (1889) 42 Ch D 510 .................................................................................................. 29.125 Wall v Stubbs (1815) 1 Madd 80; 56 ER 31 ............................................................................. 30.180 Wallace, Re [1908] VLR 636 .................................................................................................... 29.250 Wallace v Evershed [1899] 1 Ch 891 ................................................................................ 1.80, 1.150 Wallace v Wallace (No 2) (1899) 24 VLR 893 ............................................................................ 21.80 Waller v Davies [2005] 3 NZLR 814 ........................................................................................... 2.115 Waller v Davies [2007] 2 NZLR 508 ........................................................................................... 2.115 cli Gino, Dal Pont. 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Equity and Trusts in Australia

Waller v Waller [1967] 1 All ER 305 ......................................................................................... 24.115 Wallersteiner v Moir (No 2) [1975] QB 373 .................................................................... 24.60, 24.70 Wallingford v Mutual Society (1880) 5 App Cas 685 ................................................................. 13.70 Wallis v Solicitor-​General for New Zealand [1903] AC 173 ........................................... 29.25, 29.145 Walmsley v Christchurch City Council [1990] 1 NZLR 199 ........................................................ 7.140 Walsh Bay Developments Pty Ltd v Federal Commissioner of Taxation (1994) 29 ATR 311 ................................................................................................ 16.110, 16.120, 17.15 Walsh, Re (1911) 30 NZLR 1166 ............................................................................................... 18.65 Walsh v Commercial Travellers' Association of Victoria [1940] VLR 259 .................................... 10.360 Walsh v Lonsdale (1882) 21 Ch D 9 .......................................................................................... 1.165 Walter Developments Pty Ltd v Roberts (1995) 16 ACSR 280 .................................................... 32.30 Walter J Schmidt & Co, Re (1923) 298 F 314 .......................................................................... 39.105 Walter Rau Neusser Oel und Fett AG v Cross Pacific Trading Ltd [2005] FCA 399 .................... 32.115 Walter v Handberg [2003] VSCA 122 ......................................................................... 20.125, 38.250 Waltons Stores (Interstate) Ltd v Maher (1987) 164 CLR 387 ....... 8.190, 10.35, 10.40, 10.50, 10.75, 10.80, 10.140, 10.155, 10.230, 10.235, 10.270, 10.310, 10.315, 10.320, 10.335, 10.340, 10.345, 10.385, 12.25, 33.10, P.90 Wambo Coal Pty Ltd v Ariff (2007) 63 ACSR 429 ..................................... 8.105, 8.110, 26.40, 38.10 Wambo Coal Pty Ltd v Sumiseki Materials Co Ltd (2014) 88 NSWLR 689 .................................. 37.85 Wan v McDonald (1992) 105 ALR 473 ........................................................................... 34.25, 34.60 Wang v Minister for Immigration and Multicultural Affairs (1997) 45 ALD 104 ....................... 10.365 Warburton v Whiteley (1989) 5 BPR 11,628 ....................................................................... 7.95, 9.20 Ward v Trustees, Executors & Agency Co Ltd (1893) 14 ALT 274 ............................................ 23.105 Wardley Australia Ltd v McPharlin (1984) 3 BPR 9500 ............................................................... 7.145 Ware v Johnson [1984] 2 NZLR 518 ............................................................................... 8.160, 8.180 Waring v Ellis (2005) 13 BPR 24,459 ....................................................................................... 10.335 Warman International Ltd v Dwyer (1995) 182 CLR 544 ............................................................... 4.15, 4.35, 4.115, 24.60, 34.140, 34.165, 34.170, 38.10, 38.25, 38.30, P.45, P.170 Warmington v Miller [1973] 1 QB 877 ...................................................................................... 1.165 Warmstrey v Tanfield (1628) 1 Rep Ch 29; 21 ER 498 ................................................................. 3.15 Warner Bros Records Inc v Rollgreen Ltd [1976] QB 430 ........................................................... 3.135 Warner v Andrews [2011] NSWSC 956 ..................................................................................... 26.10 Warner v Hung (No 2) (2011) 297 ALR 56 ................................................................................ 18.10 Warner v Ulysius International Trading Pty Ltd (2011) 91 IPR 570 ............................................. 1.160 Warnocks (1992) Ltd v Queensgate Centre Ltd [1993] 2 NZLR 236 ........................................ 11.110 Warren, Re [1918] VLR 209 ..................................................................................................... 24.170 Warren, Re Will of [1907] VLR 325 ............................................................................... 16.155, 17.20 Warrington v Miller [1973] 1 QB 877 ...................................................................................... 33.115 Warwick Cinema Syndicate Pty Ltd v Kan (2011) 6 ASTLR 282 .................................................. 37.70 Warwick Tyre Company v New Motor & General Rubber Company (1910) 27 RPC 161 ......... 37.175 Warwickshire County Council v Matalia [2017] ECC 25 ............................................................ 6.175 Washband v Buck (1997) Q Conv R ¶54–​491 ......................................................... 7.75, 7.125, 9.30 Waste Recycling & Processing Corporation v Global Renewables (Eastern Creek) Pty Ltd [2009] NSWSC 453 ..................................................................................................... 10.200 Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society v Huntly Borough [1959] NZLR 821 .............................. 33.120 Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society v Mount Roskill Borough [1959] NZLR 1236 .................. 29.170 Water Wine & Juice Pty Ltd v Konstantopoulos [2010] NSWSC 312 ........................................ 11.120 Waterhouse v Power [2003] QCA 155 .................................................................................... 38.205 Waterhouse v Waterhouse (1998) 46 NSWLR 449 .......................................... 20.30, 21.110, 21.120, 22.30, 24.205, 24.215 Waterman v Gerling Australia Insurance Company Pty Ltd (2005) 65 NSWLR 300 ..................................................................................................... 10.115, 10.215

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Table of Cases

Waterways Authority of New South Wales v Coal & Allied (Operations) Pty Ltd (2008) Aust Contract R ¶90–​278 ..................................................................................................... 33.05 Watkins v Combes (1922) 30 CLR 180 .................................................. 7.35, 7.45, 7.55, 7.75, 7.200 Watson (deceased), Re [1973] 3 All ER 678 ................................................................ 29.170, 29.195 Watson v Delaney (1991) 22 NSWLR 358 ................................................................................. 12.15 Watson v Dolmark Industries Ltd [1992] 3 NZLR 311 ........................................... 4.65, 4.275, 4.325, 16.120, 34.125 Watson v Ebsworth & Ebsworth (a firm) [2010] VSCA 335 ........................................................ 34.45 Watson v Foxman (1995) 49 NSWLR 315 ............................................................................... 10.110 Watson v Holland (Inspector of Taxes) [1985] 1 All ER 290 ........................................................ 26.20 Watson v Reid (1830) 1 Russ & M 236; 39 ER 91 ...................................................................... 30.50 Watson v Vaughan [2011] TASSC 17 ......................................................................................... 21.75 Watson v Watson (1864) 33 Beav 574; 55 ER 491 .......................................................... 15.80, 15.90 Watson's Bay & South Shore Ferry Co Ltd v Whitfeld (1919) 27 CLR 268 .................................. 22.40 Watt v State Bank of New South Wales Ltd [2003] ACTCA 7 ........... 7.180, 7.235, 7.250, 7.255, 9.55 Watt v Westhoven [1933] VLR 458 ............................................................................................ 35.60 Watts, Re (1909) 9 SR (NSW) 567 ........................................................................................... 20.120 Watts, Re [1949] VLR 64 ......................................................................................................... 23.115 Waugh, Marriage of (2000) 158 FLR 152 .................................................................................. 32.30 Wayling v Jones (1993) 69 P & CR 170 ................................................................................... 10.160 WD & HO Wills (Aust) Pty Ltd v Commissioner of Taxation (1996) 65 FCR 298 ....................... 19.150 Weal v Bathurst City Council (2000) 107 LGERA 396 ........................................ 32.50, 32.90, 32.135 Weall v Rice (1831) 2 Russ & My 251; 39 ER 390 ...................................................................... 15.40 Weaver, Re [1916] SALR 167 ................................................................................................... 18.130 Weaver, Re [1963] VR 257 ........................................................................................... 19.95, 29.220 Webb, Re [1941] 1 Ch 225 ..................................................................................................... 16.125 Webb, Re Estate of (1992) 57 SASR 193 .................................................................................... 22.30 Webb v Direct London and Portsmouth Railway Co (1852) 1 De GM & G 521; 42 ER 654 .......................................................................................................................... 33.130 Webb v Hooper [1953] NZLR 111 ............................................................................................ 2.135 Webb v McCracken (1906) 3 CLR 1018 .................................................................................. 16.175 Webb v Smith (1885) 30 Ch D 192 .......................................................................... 14.215, 14.225, 14.240, 14.245 Webb v Stenton (1883) 11 QBD 518 ........................................................................................ 24.35 Webb v Webb (1900) 21 LR (NSW) Eq 245 .................................................................... 15.15, 15.20 Webber v New South Wales (2004) 31 Fam LR 425 .................................................................. 4.315 Webster, Marriage of (1998) 24 Fam LR 198 ........................................................................... 20.135 Webster v Bread Carters' Union of NSW (1930) 30 SR (NSW) 267 .......................................... 30.135 Weddell v J A Pearce & Major [1988] Ch 26 ................................................................... 3.125, 3.135 Wedgwood, Re [1915] 1 Ch 113 ............................................................................................ 29.220 Wedgwood v Adams (1843) 6 Beav 600; 49 ER 958 ............................................................... 33.135 Weekes' Settlement, Re [1897] 1 Ch 289 ................................................................................ 16.190 Weiner (deceased), Re [1956] 1 WLR 579 ............................................................................... 25.150 Weir v Crum-​Brown [1908] AC 162 .......................................................................................... 29.45 Weiss, Re [1934] VLR 269 ....................................................................................................... 29.330 Weiss, Re Will of (1946) 48 WALR 37 ........................................................................................ 15.10 Welch, Re (1854) 23 LJ Ch 344 ............................................................................................... 23.115 Weld-​Blundell v Stephens [1920] AC 956 .................................................................................. 6.280 Weldon & Co Services Pty Ltd v Harbinson [2000] NSWSC 272 .................................................. 6.60 Weller v Associated Newspapers Ltd [2016] 1 WLR 1541. ......................................................... 6.130 Wellington Capital Ltd v Australian Securities and Investments Commission (2014) 254 CLR 288 ..................................................................................................................... 28.245 Wellington Harness Racing Club Inc v Hutt City Council [2004] 1 NZLR 82 ................... 16.45, 17.40 Wells, Re (1930) 30 SR (NSW) 150 ................................................................................. 15.55, 15.80

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Equity and Trusts in Australia

Wells v Wily (2004) 183 FLR 284 .................................................................................. 21.80, 21.125 Welsh v Gatchell [2009] 1 NZLR 241 ............................................................................. 12.30, 12.80 Wenczel v Commonwealth Bank of Australia [2006] VSC 324 ................... 7.55, 7.165, 7.220, 7.225, 7.235, 7.255, 8.10 Wendt v Orr [2004] WASC 28 ......................................................................... 21.115, 22.165, 23.75 Wenham v Ella (1972) 127 CLR 454 .......................................................................... 33.125, 34.105 Weninger Estate v Canadian Diabetes Association (1993) 109 DLR (4th) 232 .......................... 29.315 Wentworth Partners Estate Agents Pty Ltd v Gordony (2007) 60 AILR 200-​348 ........................... 6.60 Wentworth v de Montford (1988) 15 NSWLR 348 .................................................................... 20.40 Wentworth v Tompson (1859) 2 Legge 1238 .............................................................. 23.160, 24.10 Wentworth v Woollahra Municipal Council (1982) 149 CLR 672 .................................... 34.65, 34.75 Wenzel v Australian Stock Exchange Ltd (2002) 40 ACSR 557 ................................................... 9.175 Werner v Boehm (1890) 16 VLR 73 ......................................................................................... 21.100 Wesley v Wesley (1998) 71 SASR 1 ............................................................................................ 37.80 Wessex Dairies Ltd v Smith [1935] 2 KB 80 ............................................................................... 4.290 West Australian Baptist Hospital & Homes Trust Inc v City of South Perth [1978] WAR 65 ....... 29.110 West End Networks Ltd (in liq), Re [2004] 2 AC 506 ................................................................. 16.45 West of England Fire Insurance Co v Isaacs [1897] 1 QB 226 .................................................... 14.45 West Sussex Constabulary's Widows Children & Benevolent (1930) Fund Trusts, Re [1971] Ch 1 ......................................................................................................................... 26.35 West Sussex Properties Ltd v Chichester District Council [2000] NPC 74 ................................... 8.185 West v Federal Commissioner of Taxation (1949) 79 CLR 319 ................................................... 17.20 West v Mead (2003) 13 BPR 24,431 .......................................................................... 38.205, 38.250 West v Public Trustee [1942] SASR 109 ..................................................................................... 7.115 West v West [2017] NZHC 3110 ................................................................................................. 9.50 West v Weston (1998) 44 NSWLR 657 .................................................................................... 17.105 West v Williams [1899] 1 Ch 132 ..................................................................................... 2.90, 2.100 Westbourne Grammar School v Sanget Pty Ltd [2007] VSCA 39 ...................................... 3.35, 3.125 Westchester Financial Services Pty Ltd v Acclaim Exploration NL (1999) 32 ACSR 499 ............ 31.135 Westdeutsche Landesbank Girozentrale v Islington London Borough Council [1996] AC 669 ............................................................... 1.25, 8.105, 8.110, 16.10, 17.60, 26.05, 26.10, 26.40, 26.45, 38.10, 38.70, 38.85, 39.30 Western Areas Exploration Pty Ltd v Streeter (No 3) (2009) 234 FLR 265 ........................ 4.85, 4.120, 23.160, 24.95, 34.145 Westfield Queensland No 1 Pty Ltd v Lend Lease Real Estate Investments Ltd (2008) 1 ASTLR 525 ........................................................................................................................ 25.45 Westgem Investments Pty Ltd (recs and mgrs) (admin apptd) v Saracen Project Management Pty Ltd (No 2) (2012) 8 ASTLR 578 .............................................................. 27.105 Westgold Resources NL v St George Bank Ltd (1998) 29 ACSR 396 ................................. 3.35, 3.105 Westland Savings Bank v Hancock [1987] 2 NZLR 21 ......................... 10.310, 37.95, 37.100, 37.105 Westmeath v Westmeath (1830) 1 Dow & Cl 519; 6 ER 619 ..................................................... 19.60 Westmelton (Vic) Pty Ltd (receiver and manager appointed) v Archer [1982] VR 305 .................. 7.30 Westminster Bank Ltd v Lee [1956] 1 Ch 7 ................................................................................ 2.105 Westminster Chemical NZ Ltd v McKinley [1973] 1 NZLR 659 .................................................... 6.70 Westminster Properties Pty Ltd v Comco Constructions Pty Ltd (1991) 5 WAR 191 ................... 11.10 Weston v Beaufils (1994) 122 ALR 240 ........................................................................... 19.35, 19.55 Weston v Carling Constructions Pty Ltd (in prov liq) (2000) 175 ALR 202 ................................. 1.105 Weston v Weston [1933] QSR 7 ................................................................................................ 22.65 Weston's Settlements, Re [1969] 1 Ch 223 .................................................................... 25.35, 25.65 Weston's Trusts, Re (1898) 43 Sol Jo 29 .................................................................................... 21.60 Westpac Banking Corp v ITS Taxation Services Pty Ltd (2004) 183 FLR 273 ............................ 36.125 Westpac Banking Corporation v Bell Group Ltd (in liq) (No 3) (2012) 44 WAR 1 ......................................................................................... 4.20, 38.85, 38.100, 38.110 Westpac Banking Corporation v Cockerill (1998) 152 ALR 267 .......................................... 8.10, 8.15 Westpac Banking Corporation v Cronin (1990) 6 BPR 13,105 ..................................................... 1.75 cliv

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Table of Cases

Westpac Banking Corporation v Daydream Island Pty Ltd [1985] 2 Qd R 330 ......................... 14.215 Westpac Banking Corporation v Hilliard [2001] VSC 187 .......................................................... 32.20 Westpac Banking Corporation v John Fairfax Group Pty Ltd (1991) 19 IPR 513 ....................................................................................................... 6.75, 6.295, 6.320 Westpac Banking Corporation v McArthur [2007] NSWSC 1347 ............................................... 32.80 Westpac Banking Corporation v Ollis [2007] NSWSC 956 .............................................. 8.105, 8.110 Westpac Banking Corporation v Paterson (2001) 187 ALR 168 ................................................. 7.235 Westpac Banking Corporation v Rae [1992] 1 NZLR 338 ........................................................... 8.140 Westpac Banking Corporation v Savin [1985] 2 NZLR 41 ........................................................ 38.125 Westpac New Zealand Ltd v MAP & Associates Ltd [2011] 3 NZLR 751 ......................... 38.70, 38.90 Westpoint Corp Pty Ltd v Coles Supermarket Australia Pty Ltd (1996) 71 FCR 584 .................... 10.15 Westwill Pty Ltd v Heath (1989) 52 SASR 461 ............................................................................. 9.80 Westwind Air Charter Pty Ltd v Hawker de Havilland Ltd (1990) 3 WAR 71 .................................................................................................. 30.105, 30.110, 31.85 Wethers, Re Will of (1878) 12 SALR 32 ...................................................................................... 21.90 Wewaykum Indian Band v Canada [2002] 4 SCR 245 ...................................................... 5.45, 30.35 Whakatane Paper Mills Ltd v Public Trustee (1939) 39 SR (NSW) 426 ..................................... 25.150 Wharton v Masterman [1895] AC 186 ...................................................................................... 22.15 Wheatley v Bell [1982] 2 NSWLR 544 ............................................................................ 6.240, 6.250 Wheeler and De Rochow, Re [1896] 1 Ch 315 .......................................................................... 21.60 Wheelwright v Walker (1883) 23 Ch D 752 ............................................................................ 24.115 Whereat v Duff [1972] 2 NSWLR 147 .................................................. 7.35, 7.55, 7.70, 7.270, 30.15 Whitaker v Whitaker (1980) FLC ¶90–​813 ............................................................................... 19.155 Whitbread & Co Ltd v Watt [1901] 1 Ch 911 ........................................................................... 1.100 Whitbread, Ex parte (1812) 19 Ves Jun 209; 34 ER 496 ............................................................. 12.70 Whitbread v Brockhurst (1784) 1 Bro CC 404; 28 ER 1205 ....................................................... 12.45 White, Re [1893] 2 Ch 41 ....................................................................................................... 29.200 White, Re [1901] 1 Ch 570 ..................................................................................................... 25.140 White, Re (1910) 10 SR (NSW) 295 .......................................................................................... 22.95 White, Re [1959] VR 661 ............................................................................................. 21.140, 25.25 White, Re [1963] NZLR 788 .................................................................................................... 29.300 White, Re (2003) 7 VR 219 ....................................................................................................... 22.90 White v Cabanas Pty Ltd (No 2) [1970] Qd R 395 ..................................................................... 18.30 White v Huxtable (2006) 232 ALR 388 ...................................................................................... 36.85 White v Illawarra Mutual Building Society Ltd [2002] NSWCA 164 ............................................ 34.40 White v Ormsby (1988) ASC ¶55–​665 ............................................................................... 9.55, 9.60 White v Principal and Councillors of St Andrew's College (1886) 17 LR (NSW) Eq 40 .............. 29.155 White v Shortall (2006) 68 NSWLR 650 .......................................................................... 17.90, P.170 Whitehead, Marriage of (1979) 37 FLR 302 ............................................................................ 20.145 Whitehead, Re [1958] VR 143 ........................................................................................ 22.75, 22.90 Whitehead's Will Trusts, Re [1971] 2 All ER 1334 ....................................................................... 21.80 Whitehouse, Re [1982] Qd R 196 .................................................................. 21.80, 21.105, 21.110, 21.115, 23.35, 23.75 Whitehouse v Carlton Hotel Pty Ltd (1987) 162 CLR 285 ........................................................ 22.120 Whiteleigh Holdings (New Zealand) Ltd v Whiteleigh Pacific Resources Ltd [1987] ANZ Conv R 480 ............................................................................................................... 38.155 Whiteley, Re (1886) 33 Ch D 347 ............................................................................................. 22.20 Whiteley, Re [1910] 1 Ch 600 ................................................................................................... 22.65 Whiteside v Whiteside [1950] Ch 65 ......................................................................................... 37.75 Whitfeld v De Lauret & Co Ltd (1920) 29 CLR 71 ................................................................... 34.130 Whiting v Diver Plumbing & Heating Ltd [1992] 1 NZLR 560 ................................................... 37.65 Whitlam v Australian Securities and Investments Commission (2003) 57 NSWLR 559 ............... 4.130 Whittet v State Bank of New South Wales (1991) 24 NSWLR 146 ........................................... 10.205 Whittle v Parnell Mogas Pty Ltd (2006) 94 SASR 421 ................................................. 10.110, 10.345 Whittome's Trust, Re [1962] NZLR 773 ..................................................................................... 25.60 clv

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Equity and Trusts in Australia

Whitton v ACN 003 266 886 Pty Ltd (1996) 42 NSWLR 123 ....................................... 21.110, 36.35 Whitwam v Westminster Brymbo Coal Co [1892] 2 Ch 538 ......................................................... P.60 Whung v Whung (2011) 258 FLR 452 .................................................................................... 31.195 Whywait Pty Ltd v Davison [1997] 1 Qd R 225 ......................................................................... 4.215 Wickstead v Browne (1992) 30 NSWLR 1 .......................................................... 16.120, 22.20, 24.35 Wight v Foran (1987) 11 NSWLR 470 ....................................................................................... 11.75 Wight v Haberdan Pty Ltd [1984] 2 NSWLR 280 ............................................................ 33.15, 33.65 Wik Peoples v Queensland (1996) 187 CLR 1 ..................................................................... 4.70, 5.55 Wilaci Pty Ltd v Torchlight Fund No 1 LP (in receivership) [2017] 3 NZLR 293 ............................................................................. 13.20, 13.25, 13.30, 13.35, 13.40 Wilby v St George Bank (2001) 80 SASR 404 ....................................7.125, 7.280, 9.155, P.75, P.190 Wilcox, Re [1940] SASR 217 ................................................................................................... 22.155 Wilcox, Re [1978] Tas SR 82 .................................................................................................... 27.120 Wilcox v Poole [1974] 2 NSWLR 693 ...................................................................................... 25.165 Wilcox v Wilcox [2012] NSWSC 1138 ..................................................................................... 10.110 Wilde v Gibson (1848) 1 HLC 605; 9 ER 897 ........................................................................... 35.110 Wilden Pty Ltd v Green (2009) 38 WAR 429 ..................................................... 4.20, 22.120, 24.145 Wilding v Boulder (1855) 21 Beav 222; 52 ER 845 .................................................................... 21.80 Wiley v Commonwealth Bank of Australia (1995) 18 ACSR 299 .......................... 36.25, 36.30, 36.40 Wilkes v Spooner [1911] 2 KB 473 ...................................................................... 2.125, 2.130, 2.135 Wilkie v Equity Trustees Executors and Agency Co Ltd [1909] VLR 277 .................................... 22.170 Wilkie v McCalla [1905] VLR 278 ............................................................................................ 24.205 Wilkins v Wilkins [2007] VSC 100 ................................................................................. 26.10, 26.145 Wilkinson (deceased), Re [1941] NZLR 1065 ........................................................................... 17.170 Wilkinson (No 2), Re [1924] SASR 156 ...................................................................................... 23.85 Wilkinson, Re [1924] SASR 47 ................................................................................................. 23.105 Wilkinson v ASB Bank Ltd [1998] 1 NZLR 674 ......................................... 7.160, 7.170, 7.175, 7.180, 7.190, 7.195, 7.235, 7.265 Wilkinson v Feldworth Financial Services Pty Ltd (1998) 29 ACSR 642 ................ 22.25, 22.55, 22.60, 24.65, 24.70, 24.100 Wilkinson v Parry (1828) 4 Russ 272; 38 ER 808 ........................................................................ 22.15 Wilkinson v S & S Gikas Pty Ltd (2006) 12 BPR 23,685 ............................................................. 11.95 Willets v Marks (unreported, CA(Qld), 14 February 1994) ....................................................... 38.205 Willhart Ltd v Samimi (2000) 49 IPR 593 .................................................................................. 31.85 William Brandt's Sons & Co v Dunlop Rubber Co Ltd [1905] AC 454 ...................... 3.45, 3.60, 3.120 William H Parsons v Sovereign Bank of Canada [1913] AC 160 ............................................... 36.105 William Just (No 1), Re Estate of (1973) 7 SASR 508 ..................................................... 22.65, 24.125 William Sindall plc v Cambridgeshire County Council [1994] 3 All ER 932 ................................ 35.55 Williams-​Ashman v Price & Williams [1942] Ch 219 ................................................................ 38.100 Williams, Re [1923] VLR 609 ..................................................................................................... 19.75 Williams, Re [1933] Ch 244 ...................................................................................................... 18.50 Williams, Re [1955] VLR 65 ....................................................................................................... 19.95 Williams' Trustees v Inland Revenue Commissioners [1947] AC 447 ........................... 29.215, 29.255 Williams' Trusts, Re (1887) 36 Ch D 231 ................................................................................... 21.75 Williams v Atlantic Assurance Co [1933] 1 KB 81 ........................................................................ 3.35 Williams v Bayley (1866) LR 1 HL 200 ......................................................................................... 8.10 Williams v Central Bank of Nigeria [2014] AC 1189 .......................................... 24.195, 38.10, 38.60 Williams v Commissioner of Inland Revenue [1965] NZLR 395 .................................................. 17.75 Williams v Contovasilis (2007) 13 BPR 24,785 ............................................................................. 1.95 Williams v Hathaway (1877) 6 Ch D 544 ................................................................................ 23.130 Williams v Legg (1993) 29 NSWLR 687 ................................................................................... 16.150 Williams v Lloyd (1934) 50 CLR 341 ....................................................................................... 19.145 Williams v Maalouf [2005] VSC 346 ............................................................. 9.60, 9.90, 9.120, 9.125 Williams v Minister, Aboriginal Land Rights Act 1983 (1999) 25 Fam LR 86 .................... 4.40, 4.315, 30.20, 30.35 clvi

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Table of Cases

Williams v Minister, Aboriginal Land Rights Act 1983 [2000] NSWCA 255 ................................ 4.315 Williams v Papworth [1900] AC 563 ....................................................................................... 20.120 Williams v Peters [2010] 1 Qd R 475 .............................................................................. 17.60, 39.20 Williams v Scott [1900] AC 499 .................................................................... 22.100, 22.110, 22.115 Williams v Williams [2005] 1 Qd R 105 ........................................................... 16.200, 21.80, 21.110 Williamson v Bors (1900) 21 LR (NSW) Eq 302 ......................................................................... 2.130 Williamson v Smalley (1887) 13 VLR 428 .................................................................................. 23.95 Willis, Re [1921] 1 Ch 44 ........................................................................................................ 29.315 Willis v State of Western Australia (No 3) (2010) 4 ASTLR 359 .................................... 38.180, 38.185 Willis v Stephens [1934] VLR 19 ................................................................................................ 21.60 Willis v Thompson [2017] NZHC 1645 ....................................................................................... 9.05 Willison v Van Ryswyk [1961] WAR 87 ....................................................................................... 34.75 Willmott v Barber (1880) 15 Ch D 96 ....................................................................................... 10.60 Willoughby City Council, Re [2016] NSWSC 1717 .................................................................. 23.180 Wills v Abram (unreported, FCA, Heerey J, 12 May 1993) .......................................... 10.140, 10.355 Wills v Luff (1888) 38 Ch D 197 .............................................................................................. 36.130 Wills v Stradling (1797) 3 Ves Jun 378; 30 ER 1963 ................................................................... 12.75 Wilson (deceased), Re [1923] VLR 277 ...................................................................................... 21.80 Wilson Parking New Zealand Ltd v Fanshawe 136 Ltd [2014] 3 NZLR 567 ............................................................................................. 10.100, 10.240, 10.245 Wilson, Re (1905) 5 SR (NSW) 345 ......................................................................................... 20.120 Wilson, Re [1942] VLR 177 ...................................................................................................... 23.130 Wilson v Attorney-​General (Vic) (1882) 8 VLR (E) 215 ............................................................. 29.290 Wilson v Commissioner of Probate Duties (Vic) (1978) 8 ATR 799 ............................................... 3.40 Wilson v Darling Island Stevedoring & Lighterage Co Ltd (1956) 95 CLR 43 .............. 16.125, 16.130 Wilson v Darling Island Stevedoring and Lighterage Co Ltd (1956) 95 CLR 43 ........................ 16.125 Wilson v Duguid (1883) 24 Ch D 244 ..................................................................................... 16.190 Wilson v Ferguson [2015] WASC 15 ......................................................... 6.95, 6.360, 6.365, 34.135 Wilson v Graham (1997) 10 BPR 19,051 ..................................................................................... 1.65 Wilson v Holland [1915] VLR 46 .................................................................................................. 2.90 Wilson v Law Debenture Trust Corp plc [1995] 2 All ER 337 .................................................... 28.145 Wilson v Metro-​Goldwyn-​Mayer (1980) 18 NSWLR 730 ................................................ 23.10, 25.10 Wilson v Paniani [1996] 3 NZLR 378 ......................................................................................... 38.05 Wilson v Parry (1937) 54 WN (NSW) 167 ............................................................................... 31.175 Wilson v West Hartlepool Railway Co (1865) 2 De GJ & S 475; 46 ER 459 ................................. 12.60 Wilson v Wilson (1848) 1 HLC 538; 9 ER 870 ............................................................................ 19.60 Wilson v Wilson (1854) 5 HL Cas 40; 10 ER 811 ........................................................................ 37.70 Wilson v Wilson (1950) 51 SR (NSW) 91 ...................................................................... 22.40, 25.150 Wilson v Wilson [1963] 2 All ER 447 ........................................................................................ 26.125 Wilson's Grant, Re [1960] VR 514 ........................................................................................... 17.175 Wily v St George Partnership Banking Ltd (1999) 84 FCR 423 ............................................ 1.05, 1.80 Wimmera Industrial Minerals Pty Ltd v Iluka Midwest Ltd [2002] FCA 653 ................................ 4.290 Wimpole Properties Pty Ltd v Beloti Pty Ltd [2011] VSC 7 ......................................................... 36.05 Windsor Mortgage Nominees Pty Ltd v Raymond Griffith Cardwell (1979) ACLC ¶40–​540  .................................................................................................................... 39.90 Windt v Carabelas (2002) 224 LSJS 124 .................................................................................. 38.205 Winefield v Clarke [2008] NSWSC 882 ...................................................................................... 7.130 Wingecarribee Shire Council v Concrite Quarries Pty Ltd (2001) 114 LGERA 82 ......... 10.110, 10.220 Wingecarribee Shire Council v Lehman Brothers Australia Ltd (in liq) (2012) 301 ALR 1 ................................................................................................................... 4.20, 4.235 Wingrove v Wingrove (1885) LR 11 PD 81 .................................................................................. 7.15 Winks v W H Heck & Sons Pty Ltd [1986] 1 Qd 226 ................................................................ 37.115 Winter v Crichton (1991) 23 NSWLR 116 ................................................................................... 7.15 Winter v Marac Australia Ltd (1986) 6 NSWLR 11 ................................................................... 32.100 Winterton Constructions Pty Ltd v Hambros Australia Ltd (1991) 101 ALR 363 ....................... 16.130 clvii

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Equity and Trusts in Australia

Winterton Constructions Pty Ltd v Hambros Australia Ltd (1992) 39 FCR 97 .............. 10.315, 10.325 Wirth v Wirth (1956) 98 CLR 228 ............................................................................... 26.55, 26.120, 26.125, 26.130 Wise v Perpetual Trustee Co [1903] AC 139 .............................................................................. 27.55 Witham v Holloway (1995) 183 CLR 525 .................................................................................. 31.15 Witten-​Hannah v Davis [1995] 2 NZLR 141 .............................................................................. 34.40 Wokingham Fire Brigade Trusts, Re [1951] Ch 373 ................................................................. 29.240 Wollington v State Electricity Commission of Victoria (No 2) [1980] VR 91 ............................... 14.30 Wollondilly Shire Council v Picton Power Lines Pty Ltd (1994) 33 NSWLR 551 ............. 13.05, 33.130 Wolmershausen v Gullick [1893] 2 Ch 514 ................................................................ 14.140, 14.180 Wolseley Investments Pty Ltd v Gillespie (2008) 13 BPR 24,813 ................................................ 33.10 Wolverhampton and Walsall Railway Co v London and North Western Railway Co (1873) LR 16 Eq 433 ............................................................................................................ 33.05 Wong v Burt [2003] 3 NZLR 526 ............................................................................................ 22.165 Wong v Burt [2005] 1 NZLR 91 ........................................................................... 8.50, 8.55, 22.165, 24.150, 24.215 Wong v Van Vlymen [2016] NSWSC 161 .................................................................................. 33.60 Wongala Holdings Pty Ltd v Mulinglebar Pty Ltd (1994) 6 BPR 13,527 ..................................... 37.65 Wood (deceased), Re [1949] 1 Ch 498 ................................................................................... 17.150 Wood (deceased), Re [1961] Qd R 375 ........................................................................ 24.05, 24.105 Wood v Browne [1984] 2 Qd R 593 ............................................................................... 1.130, 10.60 Woodcock, Marriage of (1997) 21 Fam LR 393 ....................................................................... 10.365 Woodhams (deceased), Re [1981] 1 WLR 493 ......................................................................... 29.315 Woodhead v Elbourne [2001] 1 Qd R 220 ................................................................................ 4.305 Woodhouse AC Israel Cocoa Ltd SA v Nigerian Produce Marketing Co Ltd [1972] AC 741 ..................................................................................................................... 10.80 Woodland-​Ferrari v UCL Group Retirement Benefits Scheme [2003] Ch 115 .............. 24.100, 24.185 Woodside Hospital Consulting Pty Ltd v Stockton Nominees Pty Ltd [1998] VSC 121 .............................................................................................................................. 32.70 Woodside Petroleum Development Pty Ltd v H & R-​E & W Pty Ltd (1999) 10 ANZ Ins Cas ¶61–​430  ................................................................................................. 14.40, 14.55, 14.60 Woodson (Sales) Pty Ltd v Woodson (Aust) Pty Ltd (1996) 7 BPR 14,685 .......................................................................................... 4.05, 4.40, 4.70, 10.230 Woodson (Sales) Pty Ltd v Woodson (Australia) Pty Ltd (1996) 7 BPR 14,685 ................ 4.40, 10.230 Woodward v Johnson (1991) 14 Fam LR 828 .......................................................................... 38.180 Woolgar v Chief Constable of Sussex Police [2000] 1 WLR 25 ................................................... 6.310 Woollnough, Re [1953] Tas SR 25 ........................................................................................... 29.340 Woolworths Ltd v Kelly (1991) 22 NSWLR 189 ....................................................... 4.85, 4.95, 4.115 Woolworths Ltd v Olson (2004) 184 FLR 121 ................................................................. 4.285, 6.320 Worcester v Georgia (1832) 31 US 350 ....................................................................................... 5.40 Workcover Queensland v Royal & Sun Alliance Insurance Australia Ltd (2001) 11 ANZ Ins Cas ¶61–​489 ................................................................................................... 14.200 Workcover Queensland v Suncorp Metway Insurance Ltd (2000) 33 MVR 113 ........................ 14.205 Workers Trust and Merchant Bank Ltd v Dojap Investments Ltd [1993] AC 573 .......................................................................................................... 11.50, 11.60, 11.80 World by Nite Pty Ltd v Michael [2004] 1 Qd R 338 ................................................................. 11.95 World Wide Fund for Nature v World Wrestling Federation Entertainment Inc [2008] 1 WLR 445 ......................................................................................................................P.60, P.65 Worrall v Harford (1802) 8 Ves 4; 32 ER 250 ........................................................................... 23.120 Worsdale v Polglase [1981] 1 NZLR 722 ................................................................................... 11.80 Wort v Whitsunday Shire Council (2001) 116 LGERA 179 ....................................................... 10.395 Wossildo v Catt (1934) 52 CLR 301 ................................................................................. 1.95, 1.160 Wragg, Re [1919] 2 Ch 58 ...................................................................................................... 22.180 Wrexham, Re [1899] 1 Ch 440 ................................................................................................. 14.85 Wright Prospecting Pty Ltd v Hancock Prospecting Pty Ltd [2007] WASC 118 ......................... 24.185 clviii

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Table of Cases

Wright, Re [1920] 1 Ch 108 ........................................................................................................ 8.65 Wright v Gasweld Pty Ltd (1991) 22 NSWLR 317 ............................................................... 6.30, 6.55 Wright v Gater [2012] 1 WLR 802 ............................................................................................. 25.65 Wright v Hamilton Island Enterprises Ltd (2003) Q ConvR ¶54–​588 ........................................ 10.205 Wright v Stevens [2018] NSWSC 548 ......................................................................... 20.35, 20.125, 29.225, 29.275 Wright v Vanderplank (1855) 2 K & J 1; 69 ER 669 ................................................................... 7.115 Wright v Vanderplank (1856) 8 De GM & G 133; 44 ER 340 ................................................... 30.150 Wright v Wright and Adams (1997) 22 Fam LR 89 .................................................................. 38.270 Wrightson Ltd v Fletcher Challenge Nominees Ltd [2002] 2 NZLR 1 ....................................... 28.200 Wrightson, Re [1908] 1 Ch 789 ......................................................... 21.80, 21.105, 21.110, 24.105 Wroe v Seed (1863) 4 Giff 425; 66 ER 773 ................................................................................ 22.30 Wroth v Tyler [1974] Ch 30 .................................................................................................... 34.120 Wrotham Park Estate Co v Parkside Homes Ltd [1974] 1 WLR 798 ............................................... P.65 Wu v Body Corporate 366611 [2011] 2 NZLR 837 .................................................................... 37.40 Wu v Ling [2016] NSWCA 322 .......................................................................................... 9.60, 9.90 Wykes v Samilk Pty Ltd (1999) Aust Contract Rep ¶90–​097 ...................................................... 10.40 Wyld, Re [1912] SALR 190 ...................................................................................................... 29.130 Wylie v Carlyon [1922] 1 Ch 51 ..................................................................................... 14.85, 14.90 Wyllie v Pollen (1863) 3 De G J & S 596; 46 ER 767 .................................................................. 2.130 Wynne v Tempest [1897] 1 Ch 110 ........................................................................................ 24.215

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X X v A [2000] 1 All ER 490 ............................................................................................. 23.65, 23.125 X v Twitter, Inc (2017) 95 NSWLR 301 ...................................................................................... 31.60 X v Y [1988] 2 All ER 648 .......................................................................................................... 6.305 XCB Pty Ltd v Creative Brands Pty Ltd (2006) Aust Contract R ¶90–​223 ................................. 37.130 Xenou v Katsaras (2002) 7 VR 335 ............................................................................................. P.110 Xiao v Perpetual Trustee Co Ltd [2008] VSC 412 ....................................................................... 11.10 Xu v Lin (2005) 12 BPR 23,131 .................................................................... 7.100, 9.05, 9.70, 9.120

Y Yablonski v Cawood (1997) 143 DLR (4th) 65 ............................................................................ 3.40 Yagerphone Ltd, Re [1935] 1 Ch 392 ...................................................................................... 16.105 Yamabuta v Tay (No 1) (1995) 16 WAR 254 .............................................................................. 4.170 Yamabuta v Tay (No 2) (1995) 16 WAR 262 .............................................................................. 32.90 Yanner v Eaton (1999) 201 CLR 351 ........................................................................................... 1.05 Yara Australia Pty Ltd v Oswal (No 2) [2013] WASCA 187 ......................................... 1.25, 3.05, 3.10 Yaran Holdings Pty Ltd v Goldsmith 7 Pty Ltd [2014] WASC 17 .................................................. 1.65 Yard v Yardoo Pty Ltd [2007] VSCA 35 .................................................................................... 26.110 Yardley v Saunders [1982] WAR 231 .............................................................................. 11.50, 11.60 Yarra Capital Group Pty Ltd v Sklash Pty Ltd [2006] VSCA 109 .................................................. 13.50 Yates v University College, London (1873) 8 Ch App 454 ....................................................... 29.145 Yates v University College, London (1875) LR 7 HL 438 .......................................................... 29.145 Yaxley v Gotts [2000] 1 All ER 711 .................................................................. 10.390, 12.20, 38.225 Yeap Cheah Neo v Ong Cheng Neo (1875) LR 6 PC 381 ............................................. 29.25, 29.200 Yeomans v Yeomans [2006] 1 Qd R 390 ................................................................................. 17.115 Yerkey v Jones (1939) 63 CLR 649 ......................................................................... 7.90, 7.95, 7.100, 7.210, 7.220, 9.20 Yeshiva Properties No 1 Pty Ltd v Marshall (2005) 219 ALR 112 ..................................... 38.85, 38.95 Ying v Song [2010] NSWSC 1500 ............................................................................................. 26.40 York Bros (Trading) Pty Ltd v Commissioner of Main Roads [1983] 1 NSWLR 391 ..................... 31.70

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Equity and Trusts in Australia

York House Pty Ltd v Federal Commissioner of Taxation (1930) 43 CLR 427 ............................. 33.35 York v Fraser (1894) 11 WN (NSW) 12 .................................................................................... 21.125 Yorkshire Insurance Co Ltd v Nisbet Shipping Co Ltd [1962] 2 QB 330 .......................... 14.40, 14.55 Yorkshire Woolcombers Association Ltd, Re [1903] 2 Ch 284 ...................................................... 1.80 Yoshino v Niddrie [2003] NSWSC 57 ...................................................................................... 26.135 Young, Re [1951] Ch 344 ......................................................................................................... 18.80 Young v Lalic (2006) 197 FLR 27 ................................................................................. 38.270, 39.35 Young v Murphy [1996] 1 VR 279 ...................................................................... 22.10, 24.10, 27.30 Young v Young [2011] VSC 188 .............................................................................................. 38.250 Young v Young (2014) 23 Tas R 76 ........................................................................................... 18.30 Yousif v Salama [1980] 3 All ER 405 ........................................................................................ 32.205 Youyang Pty Ltd v Minter Ellison Morris Fletcher (2003) 212 CLR 484 ................ 24.40, 34.15, 36.70 Yule Inc v Atlantic Pizza Delight Franchise (1968) Ltd (1977) 80 DLR (3d) 725 ......................... 33.80 Yule v Irwin (No 2) [2016] SASC 178 ........................................................................................ 22.65 Yung v Yung [2013] NSWSC 1089 .......................................................................................... 26.140 Yunghanns v Candoora No 19 Pty Ltd (No 2) (2000) 35 ACSR 34 .......................................... 24.125

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Z Z Ltd v A-​Z and AA-​LL [1982] QB 558 .......................... 32.45, 32.50, 32.75, 32.105, 32.135, 32.195 Z v Z (2005) 34 Fam LR 296 ................................................................................................... 26.135 Zanet v Hyman [1961] 3 All ER 933 .......................................................................................... 7.100 Zen Ridgeway Pty Ltd v Adams [2009] 2 Qd R 298 ................................................................. 23.130 Zenith Engineering Pty Ltd v Queensland Crane and Machinery Pty Ltd [2001] 1 Qd R 114  ......................................................................................................................... 13.70 Zeta Force Pty Ltd v Federal Commissioner of Taxation (1998) 84 FCR 70 .............................. 27.135 Zevering v Callaghan [2012] 1 Qd R 194 .................................................................................. 22.90 Zhang v Zhai [2014] 3 NZLR 69 ..................................................................... 30.40, 33.130, 33.175 Zhong v Wang [2006] NZCA 242 ........................................................................................... 27.100 Zhu v Treasurer of the State of New South Wales (2004) 218 CLR 530 ................................... 38.110 Zimpel, Re [1963] WAR 171 .................................................................................................... 22.120 Zobory v Federal Commissioner of Taxation (1995) 64 FCR 86 ...................................... 26.40, 38.10 Zomojo Pty Ltd v Hurd (No 2) (2012) 299 ALR 621 .................................................................... 6.40 Zoneff v Elcom Credit Union Ltd (1990) ATPR ¶41–​009 ............................................................ 9.180 Zsadony v Pizer [1955] VLR 496 ............................................................................................... 11.75 Zucchiatti v Ferrara (1976) 1 BPR 9199 ........................................................................ 33.10, 33.105 Zuks v Jackson McDonald (a firm) (1996) 132 FLR 317 ............................................................... 3.55 Zurich Australian Insurance Ltd, Re [1999] 2 Qd R 203 ........................................................... 10.295 Zurich Australian Insurance Ltd v CSR Ltd (2001) 52 NSWLR 193 ........................................... 14.135 Zurich Australian Insurance Ltd v Metals and Minerals Insurance Pte Ltd (2009) 240 CLR 391] .................................................................................................................... 14.195

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TABLE OF STATUTES Australian Securities and Investments Commission Act 2001 ss 12A(2) to 12A(4): 28.30 s 12CA: 9.170 s 12CB: 9.180

COMMONWEALTH

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Australian Charities and Not-​for-​profits Commission Act 2012 s 15-​5(3): 29.20 s 20-​5(2): 29.20 Australian Consumer Law: 4.280, 7.300, 8.25, 8.95, 9.160, 9.165, 9.190, 11.125, 35.60, 35.110 s 18: 31.155, 32.135 s 18(1): 8.95 s 20: 6.315, 8.25, 10.270, 11.125 s 20(1): 7.300, 8.205, 9.170, 9.175, 13.100 s 20(2): 9.175 ss 20 to 22: 9.165 s 21: 9.45, 9.165, 9.170, 9.175, 9.180, 9.185 s 21(1): 9.180 s 21(2): 9.165, 9.180 s 21(3): 9.180 s 21(4): 9.180 s 22: 9.45, 9.165, 9.175, 9.185, 11.125, 13.100 s 22(1): 9.185 s 22(1)(d): 7.300, 8.25 s 22(2): 9.165, 9.185 s 22(2)(d): 7.300, 8.25 s 22(3): 9.165 s 29: 8.95 s 32(1): 8.95 s 34: 8.95 s 50(1): 8.25 s 50(1)(c): 8.25 s 50(1)(d): 8.25 s 58: 35.60 s 59(1): 35.60 s 232: 8.95, 9.165, 30.175, 31.05 s 236: 8.95, 9.165 ss 237 to 245: 8.95 s 243: 9.165 s 259: 35.60 s 259(3): 35.60 s 260: 35.60 s 262: 35.60 Ch 5: 8.95 Pt 2-​2: 8.15, 9.160 Pt 2-​3: 9.160 Pt 3-​2, Div 1, subdiv A: 35.60

Bankruptcy Act 1966: 19.100, 19.105, 19.125 s 5(1): 19.110 s 5(2): 19.110 s 40(1)(b)(i): 19.105 s 52(1): 10.365 s 58: 38.260 s 59: 38.260 s 59A: 38.260 s 82: 24.25 s 86: 30.100 s 115: 19.105 s 116(1)(a): 27.110 s 116(1)(b): 25.125, 27.60 s 116(2)(a): 27.20 s 120: 19.110, 19.115, 19.125, 19.130, 38.255 s 120(1): 19.110 s 120(3): 19.110 s 120(3A): 19.110 s 120(4): 19.110 s 120(5): 19.110 s 120(6): 19.110 s 120(7): 19.110 s 121: 19.115, 19.120, 19.125, 19.130, 19.140, 38.255 s 121(1): 19.115, 19.140 s 121(2): 19.115 s 121(3): 19.115 s 121(4): 19.115 s 121(4A): 19.115 s 121(5): 19.115 s 121(6): 19.115 s 121(7): 19.115 s 121(8): 19.115 s 121A: 19.125 s 122: 27.70 s 123(1): 19.130 ss 123(1)(a) to 123(1)(d): 19.130 s 123(3): 19.130 ss 124 to 128: 19.130 s 302B: 19.75, 27.115, 27.120 Pt IX: 19.115

Australian Prudential Regulation Authority Act 2001 s 8(1): 28.30

Bankruptcy Legislation Amendment (Anti-​ avoidance) Act 2006: 19.110, 19.115, 19.125

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Equity and Trusts in Australia

s 22: 9.45, 9.165, 9.175, 9.185, 11.125, 13.100 s 22(1): 9.185 s 22(1)(d): 7.300, 8.25 s 22(2): 9.165, 9.185 s 22(2)(d): 7.300, 8.25 s 22(3): 9.165 s 29: 8.95 s 32(1): 8.95 s 34: 8.95 s 50(1): 8.25 s 50(1)(c): 8.25 s 50(1)(d): 8.25 s 58: 35.60 s 59(1): 35.60 s 232: 8.95, 9.165, 30.175, 31.05 s 236: 8.95, 9.165 ss 237 to 245: 8.95 s 243: 9.165 s 259: 35.60 s 259(3): 35.60 s 260: 35.60 s 262: 35.60 Ch 5: 8.95 Pt 2-​2: 8.15, 9.160 Pt 2-​3: 9.160 Pt 3-​2, Div 1, subdiv A: 35.60 Pt VIA: 14.175 Sch 2 (Australian Consumer Law): 8.25, 8.95, 9.160, 30.175, 31.155, 32.135, 35.60, 4.280, 7.300, 8.25, 8.95, 9.160, 9.165, 9.190, 11.125, 30.175, 31.155, 32.135, 35.60, 35.110

Bankruptcy and Family Law Legislation Amendment Act 2005: 38.260 Sch 1: 19.165 Sch 5: 19.165 Bills of Exchange Act 1909 s 8(1): 14.80 s 64(2): 14.80

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Charities Act 2013: 29.40, 29.60, 29.75, 29.105, 29.110, 29.140, 29.165, 29.215, 29.220, 29.230, 29.240, 29.245 s 5: 29.80, 29.280 s 6(1): 29.60, 29.90 s 6(2): 29.90 s 6(4): 29.60 s 7: 29.90 s 8: 29.75 s 10: 29.205 s 11(b): 29.105 s 12(1): 29.20, 29.40 s 12(1)(a): 29.110, 29.270 s 12(1)(c): 29.110 s 12(1)(d): 29.165 s 12(1)(i): 29.220 s 12(1)(k): 29.215 s 12(1)(l): 29.105 s 14: 29.110, 29.270 s 15(1): 29.110 s 15(2): 29.110 s 15(4): 29.240 s 17: 29.245 Cheques Act 1986 s 87(1): 14.80 Circuit Layouts Act 1989 s 27(2): 34.155

Competition and Consumer Legislation Amendment Act 2011: 9.165, 9.180

Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act 1901 s 51(xx): 21.15, 28.35 s 51(xxiii): 28.35 s 92: 31.160

Competition and Consumer Legislation Amendment Bill 2011: 9.180 Consumer Credit Code: 13.05, 13.65 s 42(1): 1.75 s 42(3): 1.75 s 42(4): 1.75 ss 76 to 78: 9.160

Companies Code s 229A: 27.40 s 556(1): 14.170

Copyright Act 1968 s 8: 3.155 s 115(2): 34.155 s 116: 37.175 s 196: 3.30, 3.155

Competition and Consumer Act 2010: 28.20 s 18: 31.155, 32.135 s 18(1): 8.95 s 20: 6.315, 8.25, 10.270, 11.125 s 20(1): 7.300, 8.205, 9.170, 9.175, 13.100 s 20(2): 9.175 ss 20 to 22: 9.165 s 21: 9.45, 9.165, 9.170, 9.175, 9.180, 9.185 s 21(1): 9.180 s 21(2): 9.165, 9.180 s 21(3): 9.180 s 21(4): 9.180

Corporations Act 2001: 4.85, 19.100, 21.15, 27.45, 28.15, 28.45, 28.80, 28.140, 28.255, 36.150, 36.165 s 9: 4.85, 19.135, 28.240, 36.150 s 85: 36.140 s 87(1): 36.140 s 90: 36.15 s 95A(1): 27.45 s 95A(2): 27.45 clxii

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Table of Statutes

Corporations Act 2001 — cont s 180: 36.70 s 180(1): 28.250 s 182(1): 4.85, 34.125 s 191(1): 4.130 s 191(2)(a)(i): 4.130 s 191(2)(a)(iv): 4.130 s 197: 27.40 s 197(1): 27.40 s 197(1)(b): 27.40 s 197(2): 27.40 s 262: 16.80, 27.90 s 262(2): 23.125 s 418(1): 36.150 s 419: 36.35 s 419(1): 36.35 s 419A: 36.35 s 420: 36.15, 36.20, 36.85, 36.155 s 420A: 36.60 s 420B(1): 36.155 s 420B(2): 36.155 s 420C: 36.40 ss 421 to 422: 36.150 s 423: 36.150 s 424: 23.170, 36.85 s 425: 36.150 s 429(2)(b): 36.155 s 430: 36.155 s 431: 36.155 s 432: 36.150 s 433: 36.155 s 434: 36.150 s 443F: 1.105 s 477(2)(a): 36.85 s 459G: 10.380 s 553: 24.25 s 553C: 30.100 s 560: 14.20 s 588G: 14.170 s 588G(2): 27.45 s 588H: 27.45 s 588J(1): 27.45 s 588FA: 27.70 s 588FB: 19.135 s 588FC: 19.135 s 588FD: 19.135 s 588FE: 27.70 s 588FE(6A): 19.135 s 588FE(2): 19.135 s 588FE(3): 19.135 s 588FE(4): 19.135 s 588FE(5): 19.135 s 588FE(6): 19.135 s 588FF: 19.135 s 588FG: 19.135 s 588FDA: 19.135 s 601EA(4): 28.255 s 601ED: 28.240 s 601EE: 25.120, 28.240 s 601FA: 28.245

s 601FB(1): 28.245 s 601FB(2): 28.245 s 601FC(1): 28.250 s 601FC(1)(h): 28.260 s 601FC(1)(m): 28.255 s 601FC(2): 28.245 s 601FD: 28.250 s 601FD(1)(c): 28.85 s 601FD(2): 28.250 s 601FE: 28.250 s 601FE(2): 28.250 s 601FL(1): 28.245 s 601FM(1): 28.245 s 601GA: 28.255 s 601GB: 28.255 s 601GC(1): 28.255 s 601GC(1)(b): 28.255 s 601HA: 28.260 s 601HE(1): 28.260 s 601HG: 28.260 s 601JA(1): 28.260 s 601JA(2): 28.260 s 601KA(1): 28.260 s 601KA(4): 28.260 s 601KA(6): 28.260 ss 601KB to 601KE: 28.260 s 601MA(1): 28.250 s 601RAB(1): 21.15 s 601RAE(2): 21.15 ss 601SBA to 601SBC: 21.15 ss 601SCA to 601SCC: 21.15 ss 601TAA to 601TEB: 21.15 s 601UAA: 21.15 s 601UAB: 21.15 ss 601VAA to 601VBI: 21.15 s 991A(1): 9.170 s 1017C: 28.80 s 1017C(4): 28.80 s 1317E: 34.125 s 1317E(1)(f): 28.250 s 1317G: 28.250 ss 1317AA to 1317AE: 6.300 s 1317DA: 28.250 s 1318: 4.125, 4.320, 24.200 s 1323(1)(h): 20.135, 36.160 s 1324: 31.05 s 1324(1): 31.05 s 1324(4): 31.05 s 1324(10): 36.60 Ch 2E: 28.260 Ch 5C: 28.240, 28.245, 28.260 Ch 5D: 21.15 Ch 7: 28.45 Pt 2D.1: 28.90, 28.250 Pt 2G.4: 28.260 Pt 5.2: 36.05, 36.150 Pt 5.3A: 36.40 Pt 5.6, Div 1A: 19.135 Pt 5.7B: 19.135 Pt 5C.6: 28.260 clxiii

Gino, Dal Pont. Equity and Trusts in Australia, Thomson Reuters (Professional) Australia Pty Limited, 2018. ProQuest Ebook Central, http://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/usyd/detail.action?docID=5602215. Created from usyd on 2019-07-06 20:28:22.

Equity and Trusts in Australia

Corporations Act 2001 — cont Pt 5C.7: 28.260 Pt 5C.9: 25.120 Pt 7.7A: 28.45 Pt 7.10, Div 2A: 14.175 Pt 7.12, Div 5: 28.260 Pt 9.4AAA: 6.300

s 106B(1): 19.155, 19.160 s 106B(3): 19.160 s 114(3): 31.05, 32.30 Family Law Amendment Act 2005: 19.155, 38.260 Family Law Amendment (De Facto Financial Matters and Other Measures) Act 2008: 19.155, 20.135, 20.145, 26.50, 38.165 s 4AA: 26.50, 38.165

Corporations Amendment Act (No 1) 2005: 27.40 Corporations Law s 223: 27.40 s 1069: 28.15 s 1069(1)(c): 28.260 Ch 5C: 28.15 Pt 7.12, Div 5: 28.15, 28.245

Federal Circuit Court of Australia Act 1999 s 15: 32.30 Federal Court Rules 2011 r 7.35(5): 32.100 r 7.43: 32.155 r 7.45(1)(d): 32.175 r 7.46: 32.165 Div 7.4: 32.05 Div 7.5: 32.140

Corporations Legislation Amendment (Financial Services Modernisation) Act 2009: 21.15

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Corporations Regulations 2001: 21.15 regs 5D.2.03 to 5D.2.09: 21.15 reg 7.9.48C: 28.100 Sch 8AA: 21.15 Defence Service Homes Act 1918: 19.40

Federal Court of Australia Act 1976 s 21: 37.05 s 23: 31.05, 32.30, 36.10

Designs Act 2003 s 75(1)(b): 34.155

Financial Sector (Collection of Data) Act 2001: 28.100

Extension of Charitable Purpose Act 2004: 29.40 s 5(1): 29.205

Foreign Judgments Act 1991: 32.25 Freedom of Information Act 1982: 6.165 s 33: 6.165 s 37: 6.165 s 43: 6.165 s 45: 6.165

Family Law Act 1975: 19.110, 19.155, 20.135, 20.145, 26.50, 38.260 s 4: 38.260 s 4AA: 19.155, 20.135, 20.145 s 34(1): 31.05, 32.30 s 75(2)(b): 20.145 s 75(2)(ha): 38.260 s 79: 1.130, 19.170, 20.135, 20.140, 26.50, 26.125, 28.135, 38.185, 38.260 s 79(1): 38.260 s 79(4): 26.50, 38.165 s 79(4)(e): 20.145, 38.260 s 79(10): 38.260 s 79(10A): 38.260 s 85A: 19.170 s 85A(1): 19.170 s 90MD: 28.135 s 90MS: 28.135 s 90MT: 28.135 s 90MU: 28.135 s 90SF(3)(b): 20.145 s 90SF(3)(i): 38.260 s 90SM: 20.135, 26.50, 28.135, 38.165, 38.260 s 90SM(4)(e): 20.145, 38.260 s 106(1A): 19.165 s 106(1B): 19.165 s 106B: 19.155, 19.165 s 106B(4AA): 19.165

Income Tax Assessment Act 1936: 17.10, 19.150, 27.130, 28.40 s 6(1): 27.130 s 23(e): 29.215 s 25(1): 27.130 s 80A(1): 1.10 s 95(1): 27.135 s 95A(2): 27.155, 27.165, 27.175 ss 95 to 102: 27.130 s 97: 20.75, 27.130, 27.165, 27.180 s 98: 27.130, 27.145, 27.170, 27.175, 27.180 s 98(3): 27.175 s 98(4): 27.175 s 98A: 27.165 s 98A(1): 27.175 s 98A(2): 27.175 s 99: 27.130, 27.170, 27.180 s 99(1): 27.180 s 99A: 20.155, 27.130, 27.150, 27.170, 27.180 s 99A(2): 27.180 s 99A(3): 27.180 s 99A(4): 27.180 clxiv

Gino, Dal Pont. Equity and Trusts in Australia, Thomson Reuters (Professional) Australia Pty Limited, 2018. ProQuest Ebook Central, http://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/usyd/detail.action?docID=5602215. Created from usyd on 2019-07-06 20:28:22.

Table of Statutes

Pt 3-​6: 27.125 Div 149: 27.195 subdiv 30-​BA: 29.20 subdiv 50-​B: 29.20

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Income Tax Assessment Act 1936 — cont s 100: 27.165 s 100(1): 27.175 s 100(1)(a): 27.175 s 100(2): 27.175 s 100A: 19.150 s 101: 27.155 s 102: 25.125, 27.160 s 102AC: 27.200 s 102AG(1): 27.200 s 102AG(2): 27.200 s 160L: 27.185 s 175: 37.25 s 177A(1): 19.150 s 177A(5): 19.150 s 177D: 19.150 s 177D(2): 19.150 s 177F: 19.150 Pt III: 27.200 Pt III, Div 6: 27.130 Pt III, Div 6AA: 19.150, 20.120, 27.15 Pt IIIA: 27.185 Pt IIIAA: 27.125 Pt IVA: 19.150, 27.15 Pt IX: 28.40 Div 6: 27.130, 27.135 Div 6AA: 27.200 Div 104: 27.185 Divs 265 to 272: 27.15, 27.125, 27.135 Sch 2F: 27.15, 27.125, 27.135 Sch 2F, Divs 265 to 272: 20.120, 25.115

Insurance Contracts Act 1984: 14.65 s 9: 14.65 s 65: 14.20, 14.65 s 66: 14.20, 14.65 s 67: 14.35 Judiciary Act 1903 s 32: P.35 Life Insurance Act 1995: 28.240 Managed Investments Act 1998: 16.45, 28.15 Marine Insurance Act 1909 s 85(1): 14.05 Marriage Act 1961 s 11A: 10.375 s 111A: 10.110, 33.80 National Consumer Credit Protection Act 2009 s 76(2)(l): 9.195 s 92: 13.05, 13.65 s 93: 13.05, 13.65 s 118: 9.195 s 119: 9.195 s 131: 9.195 Sch 1: 1.75, 9.160, 9.195

Income Tax Assessment Act 1997: 25.55 s 6-​5: 27.130 s 30-​15: 29.20 s 30-​17: 29.20 s 30-​45: 29.20 s 35-​10: 29.20 s 50-​5: 29.20, 29.80, 29.215 s 50-​50: 29.20, 29.215 s 50-​52: 29.20 s 50-​60: 29.20, 29.215 s 50-​75: 29.20 s 102-​5: 27.185 s 102-​10: 27.185 s 102-​15: 27.185 s 104-​70: 27.190 s 104-​75: 27.190 s 104-​80: 27.190 s 104-​90: 27.190 s 104-​230: 27.195 s 104 to 55: 25.110 s 106-​50: 27.190 s 115-​10(c): 27.125, 27.185 s 115-​100: 27.125, 27.185 s 165-​12: 1.10, 27.10 s 177C: 19.150 Pt 2-​42: 27.15 Pt 3-​1: 27.185 Pt 3-​3: 27.185

Occupational Superannuation Standards Amendment Act 1993: 28.20 Patents Act 1990 s 13: 3.30 s 14: 3.30 s 122(1): 34.155 Personal Property Securities Act 2009: 1.80, 1.85, 16.75, 16.80, 27.90 s 8(1)(c)