ELECTRONIC MEASUREMENTS: MEASUREMENT THEORY, CIRCUITS AND SENSORS 9788740332674, 8740332675

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ELECTRONIC  MEASUREMENTS: MEASUREMENT THEORY,  CIRCUITS AND SENSORS
 9788740332674, 8740332675

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1 Measurement Theory
1.1 Why do we measure?
1.2 Terminology in experimental research methods
1.3 Quantities and units
1.4 Measurement scales
1.5 The measurement chain
1.6 Measurement device terminology
1.7 Summary, and what is next?
2 Measurement Errors
2.1 Types of errors
2.2 Accuracy and precision
2.3 Example
2.4 Tolerance
2.5 The effect of taking more measurements
2.6 Significant digits
2.7 Error propagation
2.8 Summary
3 Electric Currents and Potentials
3.1 Electric currents and potentials
3.2 AC and DC signals
3.3 Voltage meters and current meters
3.4 Resistance
3.5 Summary
4 Network theory
4.1 Kirchhoff’s laws
4.2 Superposition
4.3 Norton and Thévenin source transformations
4.4 The Wheatstone bridge
4.5 Dimensioning a volt meter and current meter
4.6 Time dependent circuits
4.7 Summary
5 Basic Sensor Theory
5.1 Background literature
5.2 A sensor in the measurement chain
5.3 Selector part and transducing part
5.4 Quantities
5.5 Self-generating vs. modulating sensors
5.6 Sensitivity, offset and calibration
5.7 Reference
5.8 Drift and cross-sensitivity
5.9 Transfer curve and non-linearity
5.10 Motion artefacts
5.11 Types of sensors
5.12 The smart sensor
5.13 Summary
6 Sensor-Actuator Systems
6.1 From measured quantities to knowledge
6.2 How data flows
6.3 Sensor/actuator network concepts
6.4 Multivariate analysis
6.5 Network topologies
6.6 Trends
6.7 Trends on material and device level
6.8 Trends at system topology level
6.9 Summary
7 Signal Conditioning and Sensor Read-out
7.1 Sensor Interfaces
7.2 The push button
7.3 Resistive sensors
7.4 Capacitive sensors
7.5 Photo diode
7.6 Signal conversion
7.7 Bandwidth
7.8 Long wires
7.9 Summary
8 ADC and DAC
8.1 From analog to digital and back
8.2 Analog to digital conversion
8.3 Digital to analog conversion
8.4 Summary
9 Bus Interfaces
9.1 The advantages of bus interfaces and networks
9.2 Buses optimized for sensor networks
9.3 Industrial buses
9.4 Summary
10 References
Appendix A Circuits, Graphs, Tables, Pictures and Code
Appendix B: Common Mode Rejection Ratio (CMRR)
Appendix C: A Schmitt Trigger for sensor level detection
Index

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