Direct Liquid Fuel Cells: Fundamentals, Advances and Future 9780128186244, 0128186240

Direct Liquid Fuel Cells is a comprehensive overview of the fundamentals and specificities of the use of methanol, ethan

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Direct Liquid Fuel Cells: Fundamentals, Advances and Future
 9780128186244, 0128186240

Table of contents :
Front-Matter_2021_Direct-Liquid-Fuel-Cells
Front Matter
Copyright_2021_Direct-Liquid-Fuel-Cells
Copyright
Contributors_2021_Direct-Liquid-Fuel-Cells
Contributors
Preface_2021_Direct-Liquid-Fuel-Cells
Preface
Chapter-1---Introduction-to-fuel-cells_2021_Direct-Liquid-Fuel-Cells
Introduction to fuel cells
Chapter outline
A brief history of the development of fuel cell (FC) technology
Fundamentals of FC technology
Basic operating principles of a fuel cell
Kinetics and losses
Basic components (on the specialty of PEMFC)
Gas diffusion layer (GDL)
Catalyst layer
Polymer electrolyte membrane
Bipolar plate
Gasket
Current collector
End plate
Introduction to direct liquid fuel cells (DLFCs)
Conclusions
References
Chapter-2---Introduction-to-direct-alcohol-fuel-cel_2021_Direct-Liquid-Fuel-
Introduction to direct alcohol fuel cells (DAFCs)
Chapter outline
Introduction
Catalysts for alcohol oxidation reactions in acidic medium
Catalysts for alcohol oxidation reactions in alkaline medium
Catalyst for oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) in acidic and alkaline media
Support effects for catalysts in DAFCs
Membrane in DAFCs
Conclusions
References
Chapter-3---Direct-methanol-fuel-cells--DMFCs-_2021_Direct-Liquid-Fuel-Cells
Direct methanol fuel cells (DMFCs)
Introduction
Methanol electrooxidation
Mechanism
COads species oxidation
Chemical and physical diagnosis of DMFC
Backing layer
Catalyst layer
Membrane
Anode catalyst
Cathode catalyst
Commercialization of DMFC
Conclusions
References
Chapter-4---Direct-ethanol-fuel-cells--DEFCs-_2021_Direct-Liquid-Fuel-Cells
Direct ethanol fuel cells (DEFCs)
Introduction
Direct ethanol fuel cells (DEFCs)
Acidic-type direct ethanol fuel cell
Working principle
Alkaline-type direct ethanol fuel cell
Working principle
Catalysts for the DEFCs
Anode catalysts
Cathode catalysts
Membranes
Innovative system designs
DEFCs: Today and the future
Conclusions
References
Chapter-5---Direct-glycerol-fuel-cells--DGFCs-_2021_Direct-Liquid-Fuel-Cells
Direct glycerol fuel cells (DGFCs)
Chapter outline
Introduction
The development of catalysts in glycerol fuel cells
Monometallic and bimetallic catalysts
Pt and Pt-based electrocatalysts
Pd and Pd alloy electrocatalysts
Au-based electrocatalysts
Synthesis of nanoparticle catalysts: The influence of size and shape on control of the catalyst
Core-shell
Alloy structures
The development of catalyst support in glycerol oxidation
Direct glycerol fuel cell performance
Challenges in catalyst development for glycerol fuel cells
Deactivation of glycerol oxidation catalyst
Scaling up
Cost
Conclusions
Acknowledgment
References
Chapter-6---Introduction-to-other-organic-fuel-base_2021_Direct-Liquid-Fuel-
Introduction to other organic fuel-based fuel cells
Introduction
DFAFCs: Anode catalysts, cathode catalysts and membrane
DFFCs: Anode catalysts, cathode catalysts and membrane
DDMEFCs: Anode catalysts, cathode catalysts and membranes
Oxygen reduction reaction for DFAFC, DFFC and DMEFC cathode sides
Conclusions
References
Chapter-7---Direct-formic-acid-and-formate-fuel-cel_2021_Direct-Liquid-Fuel-
Direct formic acid and formate fuel cells (DF(A)FCs)
Chapter outline
Direct formic acid fuel cells (DFAFCs)
Working principle of DFAFCs
DFAFCs: Anode catalysts
Pt-based anode catalysts
Pd-based anode catalysts
DFAFCs: Proton exchange membrane
Direct formate fuel cells (DFFCs)
Working principle of DFFCs
DFFCs: Anode catalysts
Pt-based anode catalysts
Pd-based anode catalysts
DFFCs: Anion exchange membrane
DFAFC and DFFC: Cathode catalysts toward ORR
Pt-based cathode catalysts
Pd-based cathode catalysts
Conclusions
References
Chapter-8---Direct-dimethyl-ether-fuel-cells--DDM_2021_Direct-Liquid-Fuel-Ce
Direct dimethyl ether fuel cells (DDMEFCs)
Introduction
Fuel cell using DME
Electrochemical characterization
Platinum-based catalyst
Operating DME fuel cell
Low temperature
High temperature
Pressure
DME fuel cell design
Flow field
System design
DME fuel cell applications
Conclusions
Acknowledgment
References
Chapter-9---Introduction-to-inorganic-fuel-based-dire_2021_Direct-Liquid-Fue
Introduction to inorganic fuel-based direct liquid fuel cells
Introduction
Inorganic fuels vs organic fuels
Inorganic fuels for FCs
Inorganic fuels for FCs in literature
Chemical, physical and thermodynamic properties of inorganic fuels used in FCs
Advantages and disadvantages of using inorganic fuels for fuel cells
Conclusions
References
Chapter-10---Direct-borohydride-fuel-cells--DBFC_2021_Direct-Liquid-Fuel-Cel
Direct borohydride fuel cells (DBFCs)
Introduction to direct borohydride fuel cells
Anode materials for DBFC/DBPFC
Cathode materials for DBFC/DBPFC
Membrane separators
Operational parameters of DBFC/DBPFC
The effect of anolyte/catholyte composition
The effect of temperature
The effect of electrocatalysts loading
Conclusions
References
Chapter-11---Direct-hydrazine-fuel-cells--DHFCs_2021_Direct-Liquid-Fuel-Cell
Direct hydrazine fuel cells (DHFCs)
Introduction
Concept of direct hydrazine fuel cells
Electrode materials
Conclusions
References
Chapter-12---Other-possible-fuels-and-possible-use-of-b_2021_Direct-Liquid-F
Other possible fuels and possible use of blended fuels in fuel cells
Introduction
Direct 2-propanol fuel cells
Operation of direct 2-propanol fuel cell
Anode electrocatalysts for 2-propanol electrooxidation
Cathode electrocatalysts for the oxygen reduction reaction
Electrolyte for direct 2-propanol fuel cell
Acidic or alkaline operation of the direct 2-propanol fuel cell
Ethylene glycol fuel cells
Proton exchange membrane-based DEGFCs (PEM-DEGFCs)
Anion exchange membrane-based DEGFCs (AEM-DEGFCs)
Review of the literature
Ascorbic acid and ascorbate fuel cells (DA(A)FCs)
Possible use of blended fuels in fuel cells
Conclusions
References
Chapter-13---Conclusions--Current-state-and-futu_2021_Direct-Liquid-Fuel-Cel
Conclusions: Current state and future
Introduction
Review of the fuels for DLFCs and current state of research trends
Electrooxidation catalysts
Research statistics
Challenges for the future
Ion exchange membranes
Research statistics
Challenges for the future
Other components
Final remarks
References
Index_2021_Direct-Liquid-Fuel-Cells
Index
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