Design Strategies in Architecture: An Approach to the Analysis of Form [2 ed.] 0419161309, 9780419161301

479 115 21MB

English Pages 352 [340] Year 1996

Report DMCA / Copyright

DOWNLOAD FILE

Polecaj historie

Design Strategies in Architecture: An Approach to the Analysis of Form [2 ed.]
 0419161309, 9780419161301

Citation preview

DESIGN STRATEGIES IN ARCHITECTURE

DESIGN STRATEGIES IN ARCHITECTURE an approach to the analysis of form Geoffrey H. Baker

School of Architecture, Tulane University, New Orleans

second edition

~ ~~~;~~n~~~up LONDON AND NEW YORK

First published in 1989 by Van Nostrand Reinhold (International) Co. Ltd Second edition 1996

© 1989 E & FN Spon © 1996 Geoffrey Baker This edition published 2006 by Routledge 2 Park Square, Milton Park, Abingdon, Oxon OX14 4RN Simultaneously published in the USA and Canada by Routledge 270 Madison Ave, New York, NY 10016 Rout/edge is an imprint of the Tay/or & Francis Group, an informa business

All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reprinted or reproduced or utilised in any form or by any electronic, mechanical, or other means, now known or hereafter invented, including photocopying and recording, or in any information storage or retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publishers. British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data A catalog record for this book has been requested ISBN10: 0-419-16130-9 ISBN13: 978-0-419-16130-1 Printed and bound in Great Britain by T JI Digital, Padstow, Cornwall

A C K WOW I.

rk

t rAe E

P GM & N

............................................................................. xii To TMt .s, CON P 'J:) I T 10 H.·. ... ..... ..... ....x iii

t

i

F' 0 ... twO It D................................................................................

,. It 0

'i u t.

I. 0

.......................

xjv

f;

T

ONt

r

Ht

1'0

It 0 I. t

t.J A

T U R.

A R.

T.... ·

~

P CJ

A.

0 f

~

CHI

T t:

Tt

C

T

V

[,0(..1 ......... ..

[; ..................... .

ASS

~

I!> 0

t .............. ;5

V t RNA (.. U ~ A R M 0 ~ U M E tl

H I C; f\

A It

TA

T

~

A ~ G HIT A~

CHI

C

TIJ

~ L

......18

ORIE~TATION

AND

5 I

T L..........

\ DE-tlT

I

..

s

I r; 'r-I 5 .......... .

T~

U C

C; t. 0 M 5 U M fA

T U It.

R. M 0 N

I\. t..

. ... 38

D

~ 0

T f{

M&

'1.. ............. 4--4

C; N ...............................+6

~ !> I

S TAr I

y. ....................... -4.0

H A It M 0 N y................ 4-2

c ........................................4-8

t; 5 ............................................................................. 50



?

................ .......... 51

1> ............................................................................... ~a

~

T ION. T Y AND

A N I Z. A

£ Nt

. ................... · ........ .53

COli

~

C, 1

Tf1.. A Die T I 0 N.... 5t

0 F

F0 It

M...............%

A A L TO........ ............... ..................................... 5'1

~

T H!;

c..

TH £

L A f:, SIc..

A

AIoIALY.tIS

N A (..

D 1 A

..........2'2.

....................................................... :24 c............................................................

:5

. ..... 20

U,.

T \I-. Y..........· .. · .. · .... · ............ ·· ........................... 30 A R y.......................................................................................... :32

~

C;

A L

D Y N AMI C

VA

. ··19

T1···· .. · .. 2.1

MOVf,M~Nl .. · ......·· .... ··· ...... ··· ..·· .... ·.. ··· .... ······ .. ·.. ·

v

~

TU

W 0 R. K.. ·· .. · .. ··· ...........................58

...... 10

..................... \7

TAT u ~............. AI-lP

A

T U R. e ... 14c c: T U ! U ; . . . 1 5

Tt

'1

\I-.

T Ht

t: C

.. ·......

r~0'1R.AM,v\E

o

T \I-.

"c

C U ~

D Y HAM I C- ................................................ 4-9

COM P L ~ 1- I

.. ........ 10

CU~TU"E

5

f 0

.. ....... \ '2

\ NUS 6......................... . ARc HIT

A It

......................... 6

TRy ............... .

MEA N INC;

T RIC

Y N AMI

f-\ A

A Ii D

AND

t. N T R 0 I D A L

D

.......................... ~

1, .................... .

Y

C

C H A \I-.

AND

A f.J D

t 0 fA t

r

It M .......................................3'7

F0 ~

N C f,

~

c;

(.. I fl

.............. 1

fi!..

DO MAl N........................................................39

" fA A N

~

..................... ·5

..................... .

YM

T H Hie

H ARM 0 N

AWHYSIS

.............. . · · .......... · .... ·4

~cr?.....................................

'1~NIU?

A

OF

PkINC1PI.~~

c- T U

T ~ N S \ 0 t.J

I' PAl.

0 f

S

A "C HIT &

. ..... .J(vii

..........................................................................

T

II S , £ C.

~

c:;

~

~

A

YS

",.cR'TtCTu~E

........... b3

1 5................................................................................... (,.4-

r.............................

R. A M MAT l e T H '" u ti H 6(" T It A NSF 0 /l M g D...... ............................... bB

N E: ~ I C

T0

A ~ D

U ~ ~

CH.pS1AN

M A~ ?

OF

S

P [, elF I c.

F 0 K. M ...........10

T T f. ...................................................................11

.l··Jt5 ...... .......... ....

. ........ Itt.

T T A..... .................. ..................... ....................117 ..........................14-8 M ~ N F·· ...... · .... · ........ .

V 1 r; 1

'tJ

M 0 "0

TOP I A 21- A . . . . .................. lt9 . ...................... .150

$. ................

NT!> R. P R.

~

TAT

I 0

I,L...........

....................... .J 5' 2

114-

CAM P 0 ............................................................................................ .......116

P A

M 0 V £. F ~0 M

T E:........................ .... · ..·........III

R0

CON

T IoN 1; N l ..

P I A Z Z r;

I 5 S U £ S...................................................... ..io{.

A H peA

· ....................... \3&

MAS 5................................................ .139

PI A Z Z A ..

C U~

R E \.,

M

~

P051TIY

Tu p:. A ~ f A C 1 0 It 5 AND MAT ~ R I A ~ 5......... 104\., A '/0 U l ...... ·........·.... · .. · .................... · .... · ...................... ·........105

132

. ......................133

!:NC~05U"£.

It I. AMP...... ..~~

..

DO MIN A N C L ................................... 139

oe>llqur;

FOR C £ 5... .. ........ 102

SIT 1;

P.. 0 I D A [,

TIC

T t no C KIN C,

M0 V

..\'29

.. ....................................... 131

COMf?IN~D.

C IRe U 1., A

.. _.94-

l. .............................................. ....... ~b

V'"lct

F ACT 0 R 5.. .

C [; NT

.. .........89

NA

S Y M

W A It K W 0 l

ox

H

P t

~

c e; P

T U A L-

l. E

M

..\ 'it E:

T

N

D\5COVf:RY e>OLD

L. I

5 .....

AND

e.

ATHtHt UM ~ICH!I~j)

'1.5

....... 1'7 (, . ........... 1'1'1

....................... 1/8 ~

R ...

A t-I D

~

M

s..

...

Y~ T E

~

f; YON D......... . . . . . . . . . .

DEFIANT

"'tiEl{

.

..... .le3

NY

Li

RID....

.............. .194

Cj RID ..................... .

'To

............................. 19'7

R I U M...... .

. ........................ 198

A )( 1 S

...................................................... .19~

R 0 UTE 5 ....

.................................................................200

A I RAN D U A

... (95 ............ 19(,

R.

S

V r;

0

E NAN

c. R C

EN ........................•..................'201

Y ...........................................20g

R \, A

D

5

T

A I R ................................. .......'203

A P PRO A C H...............................................................................20t E:

N

T

It

A N C

~ .........................................................................'205

P 1.. A N D Y N AMI c e o ~ N

H 0

E S........................................ ..'20 (,

V E R INC,

t~

5 P I [{. A 1.. 5..... .

FL-O

..1 (, 2-

.16

T r c.. \l NO l. 0 C1 Y ...... ......................2e.4F FIR. M t D............................................ 266

AND

t ~G~

5 C 1 r f.t C

..2.1.3

....... ............................................... 2~

~

SC.rtWC.E

P 1\ R

~

"'1tc.j.lIT~CTUR' ........................................................... 5

.. 2-l:>b

....... 2.6/

e>AHNER ....

A I.. £ R. I E.,

SIC:; t'I

~

TU

.. ...........................u,e

TO

'j.. ".

p 0 ST

2t~

A V I ~ ION............ ...... .

P I

I-!

AND

£ N

c.

V ~ A D t Mit

I

T[ 0

~ A.

~ATIOt-lAL.-I$1~····

ON

pOCo K.........

t

........... ~It:.

z.

E;AR.TIL

... ....~I-r ..

~IB

......-31~

xi

~i?

Ioook M~vJ7 \o~i~of FOfWl, Yi~eo, wriHel4.:111&l rfe~e¥1~ed Io~ C1eoHyt'!:> e>t\Ke.y t't11.d rt'"Oth~ce.ol b~ t;crJo~ f>Yook~ ~l- I-he. UI1IVe(?i~ Or Ark~Y\~7, 108b.

:1.1 ~jWllooll'fI'\,

'Xii

$ihAAhoV\

i'

As H'\06l.- wko sh.Ad, ~V\d . ~m~cha 'Nill KI1t7W, ~r&\-1iIU.rvWe \'7 ?1 C.OM~\e\( ~V\J. 'NiPle-- V~~I~ ~i?~irlll"e. 1M r\.-1i7 iv\~Y'?'A\.\cro~ v-e~dev) L?l-\e ~ r~~k? kC17 kJe-eV\ ro select, .tV-OWl VI WI~vi?1d ~f '17?1Ae-7, rlAose ~l.-1~r will ,hore11A\~ f'V'ove IMD6r

ro

eV\\I)\.1tev\l~

or

to

rV\L?~e ?e.ek\~

f~~V\oW\ i~7 ~?teY\M.

1V1 ,q ~ook 7 V1CV\ ~? r~i7,

0y"evi~ i~ tmrorr~v\r) f-he. ?~I'AM"'Y'l-) i7 Vlece77 .?v!j, .?V\,q vi?II\~1 IVltOV'WlC\holA ~M til 7pec.J~\ '(".ole. H~~\I\''\JV\~ c:lVlYH"e, do\;\\?)e rV'lje. ~rreV\d t\V'e e~c~ i\l1b'\~ed ~\e.!r ~He.chve. COl'Al+1l.Al1k::~hV'V\, 0et\vl'V\3 iVl Mil'lc.\

\Y\ r!-1l,

~~e rtAVfo~e ?Uo'r1.q

ediho~

of

ro

~he kJook

1 hMe

v\Vl0

ir,

Y'eA~.ev?\.1if·

",d.~ed. 0\ ~u.hov\

H'\V\r

olAHI~e5

f-ke

V'e\"'hCJ~~kir k?e.riJe~1'\ ?OMe clI\r(e(,1~ ferc.erhoV\~ .of $ciew:e{ ~vr ~V\d rhi\oSDr~1 t\\IId how r~e5e. lW\piV\0e 0V'\ ~rc.h\re~h.;\Y'e.. A7 H1vov\~lAr f-lt\e. k?o! ?\Vlt1 delt5kret>! WMeV\ ~e.oHvej B?1ke.v'7 VlYI~~:;.i7 0+ ow,. de7~vt rhe Nt1hoVlVli C;c-ll\ev_~ t. Xkv\;;IOV1 t'lrret-lV"eti iVi Avcl'li kck1vt11 De.7I~V1. (JVlVI~VlV~ CiW\v\. Fe-~V1AVI~ edihoV1?) 108(1), VIVId I t1W1 rie?1?ed ke Vlt1-? ilAcluded if IY1 r~i? pu01t cVlIi OVI.

fov I

feir

~e. kc-lo\ LAvtdersroa&1 ~o.7~ oj rke fOVW1V11 de~i5~ \Move~ we. MVlde . iYl rke 5c~eW\e - ivtdeed. ~e .1V1kvpreb:t ~evev?'11 de~i8V1 ~lAbHehe? .W~IC~ I OV1~ reli 'v\IUlhve~, c:lv1d lAVlhl ~16 e.XY'MihoVl ~?ld V10f ft..111~ perce/veti. It ?ee#1? he l~ ~01e /0 clarif.~ t1vtvl de6cvikJe ?'1 wovk' of ModevV! Avc~il-eduye, IVI W~7 r~t1r orke(~ ?lAch t1? Wl rrkower kt-lve beeY1 t'I~ie ~o do fov I

I

e.volvll'1;?

~i?h:?Y-'tc:-

b

k}["lldiv\~7.

?lv\~ ?kill iV\ eXrIVllvtlV1!J f0e db~v1 IvtreV1ho~:'J wklck !eVlu\ 10 rhe U1r,ret-lV?'1Y1ce. of ?'1 VIew k?l,(ddiV!.0 i? of MOVe. vVll~e 10 rhe pLAbk r~01V1 r~e.. ~VVlrvtiro(,j~ JO~hV\~7 of r.~e Vln::kiredVlV01I jowV1all?f7, wk~ ?MWl Vllw~? (IV! r~e U.IV\ildwl~

tOYl-t1

tor tW"C~1 redlAvO\\ w(i leY?r

?~t?l!\ld ~e t1 b"'~lc crede.v1h~1 U\~d ?~oltlld fon~ ~ fOlAVld01hoV1

ev"1hoVl 0e tlpp vecit1 red b~?1 l1ew ~eV1 will l 5kil 5 kev' Bt1 Dr r ~l-1t1 . 50 I ~ore hi?hc~fe~ will h~ve "1 deepev olVld Wlove ~op ClVld rh~ r~qr c?/ cvih t11 dvlY ki~e ~(c. of ltii~, ce:?.? ve'~red fo CI r~vflcJ,1l~y blAi IAVldev.7r~V1diV1j of ~ke de5i~)V' PY'o 5e~f r~0ev who i7 -1li lW1!t1l1ict1fe rhi? ro rhelV1re COW /0 e t:lvl be will r~e"

~h"1r Vl Aychi rechtlYe-_ %1ve-l~ ?hrivj~ fa IAVldey?r~Vlti Modev

Fo" "cd\ikcf",,,1 ,t"deHt. H,i.

f'"HiU1h~H

i"

01

CO"'&e w~eY1 lo It?~€V1 to lt1V1siC, lec;:Jv~ &1 600k OVI U1 ?~e.\f. Avcif,t.edlAve t? ~o~ like l:,0~t kJec~V15e it cveUl[e:; Mot o~~y rV1e fV?lW1eWoyk fov rev50Y1~1 01' tClW1il~ life, I~ cVeCites the fYOl~e\Vovk fov \llOitioVlOlI life OI\IId t~exelo0 verve~e.V\rs tke jOvilMe ckOlvo.devisbc5 of 01 C:VllclAve.

A c\vilizVltioVl CC1Y1 kiest kie VlV\dev:stood la~ ib OIY'c\-1itedlllve kJecau~e of rVJe ~~L-) t?V\il~M9s 6ko w t~e. \V\tever,b of 01 socielL0, ib o v') C1Y\i ZOiti \1\ 011 SKI!!?, UlfflllleVlce ov povevh=" ~V\{. KW\cf Ot cltW\~fe QV\d t.l1e ClH.i tLAde towOIvd-s lecv\VlOlo51j C'o\l\d l'v1e OIVC6. 1V\ t.OW\l\~ ~V1d ~iTte~ l'vie ljeVleVOl\ ~tvudl;\Y'e ~f 60Cletlj eVVOl 1>lve CC1V\ kJe vMdevsrooa rl1voVl~1,.1 rVJe \o1t1edillll'\;1 of cAvc~itectV1ve. ':;0 Ir ~ecoW1e:, ~l-1e Wlosr

°

r

V1'Iivvov of ~~Vlt.,

rVe.,e.Vlce.

IlMpod?lV\tl~) VllI1d a4V1iV1 l.;1i11!ike t~e.- oUlfev ~V'~~, avdtd.ecTwe exi?t~ iill velt.1hoVl ro two -5er? Ot c.o V1cHioY\?; 0\11' H-1e ovtel:1avtd k:JlAdd 'V\3? W11.;1~r V'e~rovtd to flAV1doWleVlfa i \s~~e~ 5V!ck t-\$ ll.1e, vteeJ fov ?l1e!rev VIVId fov idec1~ to 0e ?~\1'1\?olized, wki\:,f 011 ~ke o~~ev ~e.~) ~LJ'Sr reiafe.- to a ve~loV1) to tl ~recific- IOCVltiol1} to tor05varL1~) to \-~e tJo.~~l of ~V1e 5\t1V1., VV\vjOlbot1'7

Ot teW1pevOIfltwe,

fO

H'ie wtoveWlel1f

of reop\e.

ro

How tV\e0. ca\l\ C\vcki~ed~we Ioe 1t\V\t\evstood? How UWl il \ae e.xVlW'liVled? To wVlar, rv,WicwH~ J.oes il vesrol1d? Bvot1dlL) ::.re.a\(il1 ,)1 ~Meve C\ve.- ~\1vee keL.) fadoy~ w\;)ic.h aHu\ arCMite.dvlve; \olt\dd'i1~.)'~ Vv\\A4 re:,povtd ~o .-;,ice.- c.o1f1cMiolA.oS, tVlV1dio~C\1 ve.&jlAive-It\e.lt\r'0 Cl""d 1:0 B"e cltllh/lYe iV1 w!"tcl1 rl.1e0 fiil\d .~t..1e.W\~e!ve.5. ~e~c\vvh~1?) rVle 100He.v, rt.-le Sft-\fe of ttdVo\V1aMeV1r Ot t~e. CV'\MVe. will C\f~ecl H1e k:I\I\d of ?rV\)C~VlVe OIvtc\ WlClkVit1\? tA?ed. To lAV1de.v5~tlV\d kJL,"i!dn/\~s, V1rvoidClI) 0ftlhc.. ov dlj\l1t\\MiC. A rowev foy' exC\W\p)e Y\11i\~ be. r0oLA.0~r Ot ~? 0\ oI'jV\~~i0 ve,ytic&ll fov'Ce.. ov C\ \:)Yrol~t. M " -?~6\hc. VlOViZOV1ftl\ tovce, CI cO\'Sr/e Y\1tH-j k>e St..e.V1 C\6 iii ceVlrvo;do.l defe+Hive foyee. WiClL)

XVIII

Me., t(,jlvd iW1ji1ovta!t1r f~dov w~icJ." l;~e fovce., e,xe-vre·d ~::l £?\ clAlh-1ve..

aHecb

~vc'v1i~edvtVt- i~ IVI A\I1cieVlr C:;vee-ce. d

r ave eV1c(.Ipsu!akd 1\1\ rlAe.. av-dl.iredlAV"e ClV\d

ir \'.,

Vlor

co il1ci de(,l,rCl I

lh:,r

cvt!h,-IVClI vVllue.s wlA.id'l. il-

rVe.,eVlf

t'\Ai? avc.hite-dVlve c:\(,I,d

vervese\l1r:

r'v\e

YlCive eV\dVlveJ to rk~

dCl~.

This cVL)?h:;jliZahoV\ of (M\hAVClI

V\ar¥J€.V\ed

rV1Volll~l1ou~ V\i?fOVL)

fovce5 tI\I\d 1111

iV1 bVll\cl.IV\~? ~as OlAV oWl/) rr\Me ~e

0101$~ ~k::??cvt:\!Oev. Veprfsel'l.t:. ~ vih::~\ feo.tlAve? o~ H-1~ rweV\hdV1. cenr1llV~, ?'jW\bolizIVIj OlllV ruJ'l.11 0\ 63i Ctl I cOirOlcih:) ClV\c1 ke-:::) coV\cev~s If\uc.k at? did f-ke PtOVOIMid6, rh~ C1veek

teW1tJle ov l1orh1c c.OIfhedvOl\. A~~ : TMt. AGI"o~li~

A yecolI\:tYlAchol1 Vlcc.ovdll1~ 10 L:,.PSievet'\?

lvt

rhe-

~vtd expuieVlce-

rickl'lt:"

"t

0(

!"feh~e-, Id~~ GI~d rY"iVlcirle5."

loe~il!\ to loe b\ 70Lm:e of freedoM C-\v0. f?ower-, .. V\ow -,:?OL.\. Me rL.let'\~d t?j Wtl3 jlM~ C-\V\d I-ke. ct'lVlhlevey ",,~d ~~ sew,e, of 5f'~ce w~iGk

~eco~es

or

Now .~OlA t1Ive yel~tuJ. 10 rl--\e ftilV1t:l-sc-.::Ire.,. lOlA of i r .q~ [!-Ie Iree $, ~0.e f!owel"~) rV1e,~rolAV\d;

0reYVlhve. vW'e V\? W1lAC~ VI. r~d

.l:)0Vl

c~ r'iGk

f0 ~e('ol'f\ekle.\ieve,

t't

WQ\5

lAr

~Me- etw'!i-1 .qVl~

V\~tlAV't-'\l

fe~rLAr'e.

[V\kV1~ed ~

of

:J0UI"

Mj

r~e. ?k~. YOIA ""lye V\OW 1Y'U, ~ ~OLiY e\l1v"V"o\'\~eV\ r ~V\d r0.Ott I /Vft'l\1 t:AWIi\Y~ ~vi I1t ,19M)

xx

f'

+1,

PART ONE

PRINCIPLES OF ANALYSIS

IVI ~~11 7tV1v1V) t1f )Ollila, Ge-VliVl? loci, Towlllvd5 C1 PMeJ1oMeV1ti\o00 of Avckib,dlAve, C~vHi{H1 Novk!e,v:3- Sc:Hvdz. e,\(JOLMvt~ tke lo~?iG

of cwc:kitee-TvW€ ?1? lae-iHC) to V1V1v1e-V7TIIII-\C\ rl1e.- VCC-IIIhoYl t>{ rlcKe.' 1. He- de,5cvi0es tM~ V1UJ' to coV\cvehse.- tVlt tj~Vli\;\~ loci ... 10:) WlU1V1 S l1V1ildli.1.~? whlcV! 0C1H1e-v, }l1e. r:7Vopevtle? C1d t~t

I

or

of tl1e r 1t1ce

C'lV\v1 kwiV1C) b~eW1 close to VYlU'ill1. T\-\Y-L7V.5~o!l\~ l~e- book NOV'kJ£v:3 - 0c.kvdz: dvtllw? OlAf r~t1?e fe-tIIrlA vet, roro5vV\iil\r w~ev~ C\ Y-OClJ tVO'M Ucw.l'li,q ?\Y\d F2'1t1l'1d w~\ic-~ 0VC5~d r~~ ViCVlVV'I iV1fO t:;evlVtvnll,) \\id. r· 9~ 4 I iti. /0.63.

RoW\e.. 16 ?CCv1 ~s kJel1l0 CI[ 1 c'0,e c.el1tve of C1 It!~1d.?t.;;1re 'N~ic.~ co~tt1iV15 evevLl)+V1i\o\~,'5 wiLl.1 ~[,;e PiVl7.1.t1 N~\/t7V1.71 ~U1t7\o\-styt1hi;lC) t~?'\t r\1e. iofet11 eVJl1dd:7viWIrl tJe3wavr VI~Iv1Ve ~11.;\ t~e clAlb.we ~M louVl t/lC~ie'iev\:

M

we- C\ve Ve-c:-l11~ 'j~$i~e-: dose 1;0 ll,t~ e£llvl~) d05e- to eke rV1ipt'lkJle t~iV1fel'lGe) V1r H"e,. SV1It1C- tiI.~e VIS we fed ):?t'lvr of VI 00lt1rl'"e~el'1Sive '::-IAI tlt1YVlr to~t11dVl· No wOl'\dev i~ k",:'l be.co~e r~\~ ro~lt1ltW plt'lc:e Ro~e iOV1V €-xc.elle"1ce.. Th~ ?:Jl'1the.5i? V\?I[\rIYe. i? C.0l1ck~6e~ t11'1d vi $utllizetd i~ E?evl'1iV1i ~ 0ye(il~ f01111 r?"til-\ wke.ve. V1t'1rlllV'.;fI1 e.leW1eVl[5 %IC~ t'\5 Wt1te,V t'll1d vocks ?'Ive C-c>W1loi\l1e&:l wil~ l1V1~tH1 fi::JlA(ej i/Hld ve.ii0iPIt1? ?ljl'Ak?oJ0) £1\5 well t1S Pit'lzzVl NIII'Iol-'lt'l

of

or

t~e Clxi? W1V1l'1di of eke obeliok 1V1 f~AOl1r of ~he '::-~iI1vc.k of 5. At')"1e5e.) f'I-'lt1Il'), we fiV1d tll'1orke.v CMt'lyt1c.kvi?hc. f\Oltlt'lVl e.ieltlel-'lf) £1\ kwt?Vld fljt)~r oJ ?[VI{VO.

11/1

Ro~e)

?fVlI'vo .;five Vlor lAoe.d to Gtetlre VI

~i-srt'll-1a kJe.h..Jeel1 diffe.vel1r exi-srel1fit!\ vet'lllflS; VV!f~1e.V H1e~ ve.rvesel1f ~~e twhc.",It1hO\t1 d t~e ijvolAl-ld il7e.1f. The. '3veVlt Ro~ti'l11 ?!t1IY6 k?ViVl0 \;\7 .::-105e. to CY1e ec1vtfi VIVId \V1c.vet15e. OlAV se~?e o~ 0elof15il'\~ r~e p)c;1U.

ro

5

1111 en" t:-)~"'~ J.i~CU?5i\l\Oj t~t- vt:-l",ho~sHir Iodwl-€1I wt VlI'\J Kt'\~IAYt, t'ly~ t'I~t! t~l.- WOy\d.} TokV1 BevOjiv &1V~\;\t-? ~v;ctr r N"'lv1Ve i~ e~ev3~ "'rtd !Jrv~~~l~. It i? wk",r e~i~r$ ~jrkolA~ Vl\l\~ rY-OI\1i~e ... 171$ 171~ Me~~) ,::\ ~eJtiI'10, i~ ~? [0 be H'10L-10~r of c::I$ olle wkid lOla? jr?~lf ~~ ~l-\C~. to evil tIS [0 ~~J. I~s el1~.l""?1.t:)? de? itt:- o.

W>.

Bev:;ev i?lw"yb ti.1V1f rMe. kiV\d of tlt'.sH1ehc. t:-IMOhOH we fee.! Ioe.fove olaJed deviyes tvoW1 ~~t- eW1oholll we feel Ioe.fove V1VlfVlve :

?\ V\'\O\\I\-M?1ae.

All l:hc !6\).o\01i1?>.0e." of OlVt l1~ve k1e~~ d~ve\ored ~~ VlI'\ t:lH'e~jOr Co ~vC\\o1$fOt'M flAt.. i\l\?rC\~t",\,\€'oV\S i\l\to flAe ret'W1"'~l.~L t\Y~ Sl-1l"rt7~t!s mOlti? l-1(1r ?lvt excerhoYl - is VlOt .?,espiCt. of ~\iIr is cl1t fot' c?1).o\ ot'dev. Ayt i'J 0111 oY~t!lniz.ul ve SroH~e. to wht!l~ V10\~1I\Y'l- tlllow? ~ S ~o '3\iIl'\~~e- oac?1 ?iOM\I~. Ad 'Jeh ol1r to ~v~l1~f0t'1t1 ror01ht"l '('e.c.o,~y.iHo\'\ iV1to ~V\ iVlCYl-OIsiY\~ o~t. ?

k1eVl~r~ k7c:115i?

w.t.

IVI ~i~ di5C~?siol-1 ESev~U" yt,\~~e~ hi~ t1v~\A~el-1r to t1 wkite woedel1 Ioiv~, ~\I\~~ 10'::) pU'\!1~~~$ iV\ S\,je.-iv kik~w$ iY\ Uvf.>lil1 ve:)i0l15 of CZ;U-k(75!evt:lh~,

RIt1~~it:l ~s

t

",\-'\d

~ke,

~edit:l~ev!.

I

\7?1lhG kJ~~w~

c,olA"rrie? ~e-7e l;,iV"d~ ~?I11 ?Il-1d v\Vlh,IV~.

SOh1~"W

WlCUI"'8e

[-0 ?Id

Be¥~v e-xpl tlil-\ $ , rl.1e.iv fi~!AYVlhve fOY~J H,'\~~ of a dove, W1.t1kes a dived Y'efev~ce (-0 r~~ wovld ef V\?\h·\ve. BeiYl5 \oc?lrd Il1.deOl"s (wheve kJivd" V\V~ V\of [;\~u.::11~ fou~d) Velol.deY5 ~ke object ~~WlIo('lic. "ffieYt ~~e.ve it;, vest"u-r fov rke Wtl~ r~l- W\"'~evial, wood., k?l5 louVI f?l?kioMd. Theve i? ellso lAloI.ih~ V\\.-d eco.\'\Owu~ iVl I-ke obJ'ed, ?I vickl1£s-5 vesulhVlt) fvC'W\ ih, c\e5i::JI'\, ri~",I!~ rkeve I? woV\du ~., b kow r~e t>bJur loS W\?\;qe, TIii? -jel\$e o~ WI~'Je-v~, LVlt fi~t GY",n5W1~I-1.?\ttir, tJvevoke "'VI ?1.es~~ehG 'e~oho~.' Thill? does WI"'II\ \ ~v"'t1?feyWl' V\otrv1ye il-1.ro a woyk of ad,

A?

1\1\ t/1 disCL