Degree words [1 ed.] 9783110877786

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Degree words [1 ed.]
 9783110877786

Table of contents :
Title......Page 3
Copyright......Page 4
Acknowledgments......Page 7
Table of contents......Page 9
Introduction......Page 15
1. Intensifiers with Adjectives......Page 21
Grammaticized and ungrammaticized intensifiers......Page 22
Intensifying adverbs with and without -ly......Page 24
As......Page 26
Well......Page 28
Much and very......Page 43
All......Page 47
Enough......Page 49
A little and a bit......Page 50
Right......Page 51
Less grammaticized intensifiers: highly......Page 52
Miscellany......Page 54
The accumulauon of intensifiers......Page 56
Intensifiers with nouns......Page 58
Degree nouns with such and what......Page 60
Identifier such and intensifier such......Page 61
Exclamations with such and what......Page 68
Intensifier such in predicative and nonpredicative constructions......Page 73
Predicatives with seem and how......Page 77
Predicatives with complementary infinitives......Page 79
Intensifier such with nonpredicative nouns: extensibility......Page 80
Predicative degree nouns compared with nondegree nouns......Page 84
Such and what with complex noun phrases......Page 87
The semantic shift from identifier to intensifier......Page 91
The syntactic shift from truth identifier to intensifier......Page 93
The shift from nominal to adverbial......Page 110
The combined syntactic and semantic shift of kind of, sort of......Page 112
Litotes......Page 115
The not very type......Page 116
Not quite......Page 119
Minimizers: the not a bit type......Page 120
The diminishers......Page 123
Miscellany......Page 124
Much of, source and use......Page 126
Questions that can be asked with degree nouns......Page 128
Much of etc. with both degree and semantically rich nondegree nouns......Page 131
True, real, veritable, and regular......Page 134
Enough as postmodifier......Page 135
Of dialectally extended......Page 136
The indefinite article as buffer......Page 137
Predicative nouns......Page 143
Accents for intensification......Page 145
8. Degree Nouns with Relatively Ungrammaticized Intensifiers......Page 146
Hyperbole, boosters, and diminishers......Page 149
Redundancy and its formalization......Page 153
Degree verbs......Page 160
Extensibility in verbs......Page 161
Degree verb phrases......Page 165
The passive of result......Page 167
Classes of intensifiers......Page 174
Identifier so and intensifier so......Page 176
The effect of formal register on identifier so......Page 179
Intensifier so......Page 184
Exclamations with so......Page 187
Exclamations and questions with how......Page 188
11. Much with Verbs......Page 192-
Much as extensible: event and nonevent verbs......Page 192
The position of much: premodifier with comparatives......Page 194
Scope and other conditions on premodification......Page 196
The passive and perfectivity......Page 199
Extensibility and ‘custom’ with nondegree verbs......Page 205
The effect of negation......Page 208
Implied negation and indefiniteness......Page 212
Other fusions with much......Page 214
Far......Page 218
12. Degree Verbs with Other Grammaticized Intensifiers......Page 220
Rather......Page 221
Quite......Page 223
More, less, most, least......Page 228
Enough......Page 229
Some, any, and somewhat......Page 230
The minimizers little, bit, trifle, etc.......Page 234
A lot, a great deal, considerable, heaps etc.......Page 239
Hyperbolic intensifiers......Page 242
The semantic redundancy of intensifiers......Page 246
Resultant condition......Page 250
Much with resultant condition......Page 253
Redundancy formalized......Page 254
The position of intensifiecs......Page 259
Compromisers and diminishers......Page 263
Morphological irregularity......Page 267
The adjective as the basic intensifier......Page 268
Redundant modifiers in compounds......Page 271
How much the redundant intensifier repeats......Page 272
Prosodic intensification......Page 281
Repetiton......Page 288
Kinds of intensifiable premodifying nouns......Page 293
Gradience in premodifying nouns......Page 295
17. Why Degree Nouns Behave Like Pronouns......Page 301
Appendix......Page 306
Postscript......Page 309
Main Index......Page 311
Word Index......Page 317

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