CRC Handbook of Tables for Applied Engineering Science [2 ed.] 9780849302527, 9781315214092, 9781351829984, 9781351821292, 9781351838429

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CRC Handbook of Tables for Applied Engineering Science [2 ed.]
 9780849302527, 9781315214092, 9781351829984, 9781351821292, 9781351838429

Table of contents :

Section 1. Engineering Materials and Their Properties, Electrical Science and Radiation, Chemistry and Applications, Nuclides and Nuclear Engineering, Energy Engineering and Transport ,Mechanics, Structures, and Machines, Environmental and Bioengineering, Environmental Protection and Human Safety, Communication and Computation, Measurement and Instrumentation, Process and Control, Appendix Engineering Organizations and Publishers, Index

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CRC HANDBOOK of tables for

APPLIED ENGINEERING SCIENCE 2nd Edition Editors

Ray E. Bolz, D. Eng. Vice President and Dean of the Faculty Worcester Polytechnic Institute

George L. Tuve, Sc.D. (deceased) Formerly Professor of Engineering Case Institute of Technology

CRC PR ESS Boca Raton London New York Washington, D.C.

Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Catalog record is available from the Library of Congress

This book contains information obtained from authentic and highly regarded sources. Reprinted material is quoted with permission, and sources are indicated. A wide variety of references are listed. Reasonable efforts have been made to publish reliable data and information, but the authors and the publisher cannot assume responsibility for the validity of all materials or for the consequences of their use. Neither this book nor any part may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, microfilming, and recording, or by any information storage or retrieval system, without prior permission in writing from the publisher. The consent of CRC Press LLC does not extend to copying for general distribution, for promotion, for creatingnew works, or for resale. Specific permission must be obtained in writing from CRC Press LLC for such copying. Direct all inquiries to CRC Press LLC, 2000 N.W. Corporate Blvd., Boca Raton, Florida 33431. Trademark Notice: Product or corporate names may be trademarks or registered trademarks, and are used only for identification and explanation, without intent to infringe.

Visit the CRC Press Web site at www.crcpress.com © 1970, 1973 by THE CHEMICAL RUBBER CO. Subsequent printings by CRC Press LLC Formerly THE CHEMICAL RUBBER CO. No claim to original U.S. Government works International Standard Book Number 0-8493-0252-8 Library of Congress Card Number 0-87819-252-8-2 Printed in the United States of America 15 16 17 18 19 Printed on acid-free paper

Preface to the Second Edition Desktop access to numerical data as provided by this handbook is often required for preliminary study of a subject, and for planning, reviewing, estimating, and evaluating the feasibility of engineering projects. The convenience of a one-volume databook gives it a uniquely useful position as the ‘‘first source” to be consulted in preference to a specialized library. The engineer needs quick access to minimum basic data, even before he reaches the stage of using a computer or consulting specialists. This handbook is designed to serve such needs by providing the practicing engineer and the engineering student with a wide spectrum of data covering many fields of modern engineering with references to more complete sources. In recognition of the growing importance of the metric SI system of units, special attention has been paid throughout this edition to the presentation of data in metric as well as in conventional units. This has added importance because of the scarcity of tabular data in the international metric units. Comparisons of parallel tables and the frequent appearance of the necessary conversion factors will enable the user to adapt quickly to the new system of units, which will come into common usage during the next decade. Tables that are new in this edition cover such subjects as lasers, radiation, cryogenics, ultrasonics, semiconductors, high-vacuum techniques, eutectic alloys, and organic and inorganic surface coatings. Another major addition is the expansion of the sections on engineering materials and composites, with more detailed indexing by name, class and usage. The special Index o f Properties, the first item in Section 1, allows ready comparisons with respect to a single property, whether physical, chemical, electrical, radiant, mechanical or thermal. The sections providing data on the environment and its control have been greatly expanded. Human safety, environmental hazards, and the protection of the individual are given major attention. Pollution of air and water, the problems of solid wastes, and protection against the hazards of toxicity, ionizing radiation, fire, noise and odors are all treated in some detail. Data are included on the outdoor and the indoor environment, including temperature, humidity, solar radiation, acoustics and illumination. The readiness with which a single item of data may be located is most important to the usefulness of any reference work. The user of this handbook is assisted not only by a comprehensive index but also by cross references and by numerically keyed subject headings at the top of each page. Each table is self-explanatory, with units, abbreviations and symbols clearly defined, and tabular material subdivided for easy reading. This handbook is condensed from thousands of pages of original data and the objective is to quote accepted and critically evaluated data, to indicate ranges and trends, and to provide specific references. In the many sources available, there are often two or more values reported for the same item. When recognized authorities do not agree, an effort is made to favor the latest and most authentic source, or to use the values selected by engineering standards or codes or those published by the National Standard Reference Data System (NSRDS). In attempting to cover the broad engineering field in a single volume, the editors are well aware of wide gaps and omissions. Most of the common mathematical tables have been intentionally omitted, as have the practical and empirical data on industrial and shop processes. The book is designed as a supplement to the excellent specialized literature already available covering the theory, the mathematical formulations, the applications, and the descriptions of equipment for use in the various fields. Ideas for the contents of this handbook have come from many sources and the editors are concerned that there may be inadvertent omissions of recognition and credit. Furthermore, data o f importance to engineers that appear in other volumes of the CRC Handbook Series, and particularly in the Handbook o f Chemistry and Physics, have been freely quoted. Appreciation is expressed to the CRC Handbook editors and contributors. Colleagues, librarians, authors, compilers, and publishers have generously cooperated and sincere thanks are offered to each. Every effort has been made to determine and quote the original sources of specific data. Permissions to reprint from these sources have been freely granted by authors and copyright owners and are acknowledged with thanks. The best reference book is actually designed by its users, and the editors urgently invite suggestions and corrections. Cleveland, Ohio December 1972

RAY E. BOLZ GEORGE L. TUVE

ADVISORY BOARD Ralph Hultgren Professor Emeritus of Metallurgy University of California Berkeley, California

Edmond E. Bisson Consulting Engineer Cleveland, Ohio William L. Bryan Professor o f Heat Power Engineering Case Western Reserve University Cleveland, Ohio

Lowell C. Domholdt Professor o f Mechanical Engineering Cleveland State University Cleveland, Ohio

John C. Eward Chief Scientist Lewis Research Center, NASA Cleveland, Ohio

Arthur P. Fraas Consulting Engineer 1040 Scenic Drive Knoxville, Tennessee

James H. Mulligan, Jr. Executive Secretary National Academy o f Engineering Washington, D.C. David H. Navon Professor o f Electrical and Computer Engineering University o f Massachusetts Amherst, Massachusetts Ralph G. Nevins (deceased) Formerly Dean o f Engineering Kansas State University Manhattan, Kansas Samuel Seely Educational Consultant 349 Warpas Road, R.D. 1 Madison, Connecticut

Allan D. Waren Chairman, Computer and Information Science Cleveland State University Cleveland, Ohio

CONTRIBUTORS Edmond E. Bisson Consulting Engineer Cleveland, Ohio Roland Breitwieser Thermionics Branch Lewis Research Center, NASA Cleveland, Ohio William L. Bryan School of Engineering Case Western Reserve University Cleveland, Ohio Donald H. Buckley Lubrication Fundamentals Section Lewis Research Center, NASA Cleveland, Ohio Henry Burlage, Jr. Propulsion Division California Institute of Technology Pasadena, California Robert T. Carpenter Space Nuclear Systems Division U.S. Atomic Energy Commission Washington, D.C. Donald C. Dilley Dilley-White Cleveland Heights, Ohio Lowell C. Domholdt Fenn College of Engineering Cleveland State University Cleveland, Ohio

Donald F. Gibbons Department o f Biomedical Engineering Case Western Reserve University Cleveland, Ohio Frank J. Hendel Aeronautical Engineering Department California Polytechnic State University San Lupis Obispo, California Ralph Hultgren Department of Metallurgy University of California Berkeley, California Duane P. Jordan Department of Mechanical Engineering Texas Tech University Lubbock, Texas Louis Meites Department of Chemistry Clarkson College o f Technology Potsdam, New York Harry W. Mergler School of Engineering Case Western Reserve University Cleveland, Ohio Floro Miraldi School of Engineering Case Western Reserve University Cleveland, Ohio J. H. Mulligan National Academy of Engineering Washington, D.C.

John C. Eward Retired Chief Scientist Lewis Research Center, NASA Cleveland, Ohio

Glenn Murphy Department of Nuclear Engineering Iowa State University Ames, Iowa

Arthur P. Fraas Reactor Division Oak Ridge National Laboratory, AEC Oak Ridge, Tennessee

David H. Navon Department of Electrical Engineering University of Massachusetts Amherst, Massachusetts

CONTRIBUTORS (Continued) Robert S. Shankland Department of Physics

T. D. Northwood

Building Physics Section National Research Council of Canada Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, K1A-OR6

Case Western Reserve University Cleveland, Ohio Gail P. Smith

Yoh-Han Pao

Technical Staff Services Corning Glass Works Corning, New York

School of Engineering Case Western Reserve University Cleveland, Ohio Charles J. Parker

Lauriston S. Taylor

Research and Development Laboratory Corning Glass Works Corning, New York

William A. Tomazic

Marcia L. Parsons

Stirling Engine Project Office Lewis Research Center, NASA Cleveland, Ohio

Sears Library Case Western Reserve University Cleveland, Ohio

Y. S. Touloukian

William M. Ritchey

Thermophysical Properties Research Center Purdue University West Lafayette, Indiana

Miliis Science Center Case Western Reserve University Cleveland, Ohio B.

National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements Washington, D.C.

Richard L. Tuve

W. Roberts

Consultant, Fire Problems Program Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory Laurel, Maryland

Research and Development Center General Electric Company Schenectady, New York

Donald J. Vild

Glenn T.^Seaborg

Assistant Director o f Research Libbey-Owens-Ford Company Toledo, Ohio

Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory University of California Berkeley, California L. L. Winter

Materials Research Division Union Carbide Corporation Cleveland, Ohio

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS Assistance and suggestions from the following individuals are acknowledged with thanks.

Abraham Abramowitz City University o f New York New Y ork, New York

Douglas Muster

Edward G. Bobalek

Herbert B. N o ttag e.

University of Houston Houston, Texas 77004

University of Maine Orono, Maine 04473 Byron L. Bondurant

Ohio State University Columbus, Ohio 43210 LeRoy W. Davis

Nevada Engineering & Technology Corporation Long Beach, California 90802 Charles M. Harman

Duke University Durham, North Carolina 27706 Charles A. Harper

Westinghouse Electric Corporation Baltimore, Maryland 21203 Herbert S. Isbin

University of Minnesota Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455 John E. Kaufman

Illuminating Engineering Society New York, New York 10017 William F. Kerka

Cleveland State University Cleveland, Ohio 4 4 115 Irving Lefkowitz

Case Western Reserve University Cleveland, Ohio 44106 Terry McGowan

General Electric Company Cleveland, Ohio 44112

University of California Los Angeles, California 90024 C.

O. Peterson, Jr.

PPG Industries, Inc. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15222 Albert B. Pincince

Camp Dresser & McKee Pasadena, California 91101 Eli Reshotko

Case Western Reserve University Cleveland, Ohio 44106 Adel S. Saada

Case Western Reserve University Cleveland, Ohio 44106 Ronald G. Schultz

Cleveland State University Cleveland, Ohio 44115 L. G. Seigel

United States Steel Corporation Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15221 Walter W. Soroka

University of California Berkeley, California 94720 William L. Wolfe

University of Arizona Tucson, Arizona 85721 Daniel K. Wright, Jr.

Case Western Reserve University Cleveland, Ohio 44106

TABLE OF CONTENTS SECTION

1. 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4

ENGINEERING MATERIALS AND THEIR PROPERTIES Index of P r o p e r t i e s ........................................................................................... 3 Gases and V a p o r s ..............................................................................................9 L i q u i d s ............................................................................................................. 88 Solids - M e t a l s ..............................................................................................103 Solids —N o n -M e ta ls ...................................................................................137

SECTION

2. 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6

ELECTRICAL SCIENCE AND RADIATION Electromagnetic R a d ia t io n ....................................................................... 205 Conductors and Circuit C o m p o n en ts......................................................223 Solid State and S e m ico n d u cto rs...............................................................249 Lasers and M a s e r s ....................................................................................... 281 Magnetic Materials .....................................................................................304 T h e r m io n ic s .................................................................................................. 316

SECTION

3. 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4

CHEMISTRY AND APPLICATIONS Basic Chemical Data .................................................................................329 Surface Phenomena and Electrochemistry .........................................343 Ions and Solutions ..................................................................................... 368 Combustion and F u e l s ................................................................................ 387

SECTION

4. 4.1 4.2

NUCLIDES AND NUCLEAR ENGINEERING Nuclear Physics and I s o t o p e s ................................................................... 409 Reactors and Materials ............................................................................ 432

SECTION

5. ENERGY ENGINEERING AND TRANSPORT 5.1 T h erm o d y n a m ics......................................................................................... 473 5.2 Fluid and Aero Mechanics ........................................................................485 5.3 Heat and Mass Transfer ............................................................................ 527 5.4 Energy Conversion and Propulsion ...................................................... 550 5.5 A s tr o n a u tic s ...................................................................................................573 5.6 Refrigeration and C r y o g e n ic s ....................................................................582

SECTION

6. MECHANICS, STRUCTURES, AND MACHINES 6.1 Dynamics and V ib r a t i o n .............................................................................595 6.2 Friction and L u b ric a tio n .............................................................................610 6.3 Structures and M a t e r ia ls ............................................................................ 628

SECTION

7. ENVIRONMENTAL AND BIOENGINEERING 7.1 Atmosphere, Earth, and Ocean ............................................................... 649 7.2 Thermal and Air Conditioning ............................................................... 664 7.3 Illumination and R a d ia tio n ........................................................................ 676 7.4 Sound and Acoustics .................................................................................685 7.5 Human Populations and In d iv id u a ls ...................................................... 700

TABLE OF CONTENTS (Continued) SECTION

SECTION

8. 8.1 8.2 8.3

ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AND HUMAN SAFETY Air Pollution and the Total E n v iro n m e n t............................................. 709 Water Sources and Pollution ...................................................................735 Solid W a s t e s .................................................................................................. 741

8.4

Noise P o l lu t io n ..................................................................................................... 745

8.5 8.6 8.7 8.8

Radiation Protection and Safety .......................................................... 752 Chemical and Toxic Hazards ................................................................... 766 Fire P r o te c tio n .............................................................................................. 776 Motor Vehicle and Industrial S a f e t y ......................................................786

9. 9.1

COMMUNICATION AND COMPUTATION Communication .........................................................................................793

9.2

Units and Conversion F a c t o r s ........................................................................ 8 0 3

9.3 9.4

Mathematical and Statistical Tables.......................................................... 868 Number Systems and Logic ...................................................................949

SECTION 10. 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.4 10.5

MEASUREMENT AND INSTRUMENTATION Transducers and Measurement Techniques ........................................ 975 Radiation M easurem ents............................................................................995 Calibration and Standards ....................................................1010 Chemical Analysis .................................................................................. 1018 Dimensionless Parameters ..................................................................... 1027

SECTION 11. 11.1 11.2

PROCESSES AND CONTROL Metal Processing .......................................................................................1043 Automatic Control ...................................................................................1061

APPENDIX

ENGINEERING ORGANIZATIONS AND PUBLISHERS

INDEX

. . .

1095 1119

Section 1

Engineering Materials and Their Properties

Index of Properties Pages 2-8

1.1

Gases and Vapors Pages 9-87

1.2

Liquids Pages 88-102

1.3

Solids— M etals Pages 103-136

1.4

Solids— N on-M etals Pages 137-201

2

Handbook of Tables for Applied Engineering Science IN D E X O F PR O PER TIES

In listing the properties of engineering materials in this handbook, an effort has been made to show all the important properties o f a single material in the same table. The materials that are useful for a variety of purposes are listed in Section 1. Each is classified according to its usual physical state, as a gas, liquid, or solid. The chemical elements and many chemical compounds appear in Section 3. Certain materials for distinc­ tive uses, e.g., fuels, solvents, nuclides, and magnetic materials, are treated in that section o f the handbook that is devoted to the special application. The following index o f properties is provided for quick reference to specific properties. The index items contain the common name o f the property and the page location o f the tables listing the property in question. Data on a specific material may also be located in the main index.

A ABSORPTION 01 RADIATION (See RADIATION ABSORPTION) ABSORPTIVITY Insulations, plastic electrical (w ater), 152 Materials, common (radiation), 211 Materials, common (sound), 6 9 7 Nuclear shielding materials (radiation), 4 4 ] Plastics, reinforced (w ater), 1 5 2 - 1 5 5 Surfaces at atmospheric temperature, solar, 212 ACIDITY (See also pH VALU E) Oils, 353 Waxes, 159 ACOUSTIC VELOCITY (See SOUND) ADSORPTIVE CAPACITY Adsorbents, 363 Soil, 6 3 6 , 63 7 AREA, SURE'ACE (See SU RFA C E AREA) ATMOSPHERIC PRO PERTIES, 6 5 0 , 6 5 1 , 6 5 5 , 66 4 ATOMIC WEIGHT AND NUMBER Elements, 3 2 9 , 3 3 1 , 4 0 9 ,4 1 9 Metals, rare-earth, 315 Moderator materials, 4 3 5 ATTENUATION Neutron, 4 4 2 Optical, 28 2 , 283 Sound, 1 8 7 ,6 9 4 Videoline facilities, 8 0 0 ATTENUATION, GAMMA RAYS Energy absorption, coefficients, 4 6 6 Energy absorption, cross sections, 4 6 7 Sodium iodide crystals, 1009 Total, coefficients, 4 6 4 Total, cross sections, 4 65

B BOILING POINTS Air, 5 4 , 97 Anesthetics, 77 4 Azeotropes, 99 Correction to standard pressure, 100 Cryogenic fluids, 5 4 , 9 7 , 5 8 7 , 5 9 0 Elements, 5 4 , 8 3 , 9 2 , 9 7 , 1 19, 329 Fluorine, 83, 97 Fuels, gas and liquid, 38

Gases, liquified, 3 8 - 4 9 , 54 , 8 7 , 97 Hydrocarbons, 387 Liquids, com m on, 5 4 , 91 , 9 2 , 382, 101 2 Mercury, 87 Metals, pure, 119, 3 29 Metals, rare-earth, 1 29 Propellants, rocket, 566 Refrigerants, 38, 5 4 , 6 8 , 9 7 , 5 8 7 , 5 9 0 Solvents, industrial, 3 8 2 , 383 Solvents, paint, 353 Vapors, saturated, various, 38, 54, 55 Water, 18, 55

c CALO RIFIC V A LU E (See HEATING V A LU E) COMPRESSIBILITY Air, 58, 5 9 , 6 1 , 6 2 Gases, 5 7 , 5 8 , 6 0 - 6 2 , 67 Liquids, 95 Metals, rare-earth, 129 Sea water, 6 6 0 Soil, 6 37 CONDUCTIVITY, EL EC T R IC A L Adhesives, 367 Alloys, 117, 223 Carbides, 184 Carbon and graphite, 180 Ceramic materials, 2 4 4 , 2 6 2 , 263 Chemical substrate, 2 62 Elements, 117, 180, 223 Ferrofluids, 312 Glass, 163, 165, 166, 244 Insulation, electrical, 152 Magnetic materials, 3 0 5 , 3 06 Metals and alloys, 29 , 117, 1 2 0 - 1 2 3 , 2 2 3 , 2 6 4 , 305 Metals, high-temperature, 120, 121 Metals, integrated circuits, 2 5 0 Metals, pure, 117, 12 3 , 2 50 Metals, rare-earth, 129 Piezoelectric materials, 9 83 Plastics, elastomers, 137, 1 3 8 , 1 5 2 - 1 5 6 , 243 Quartz, 187 Salts, m olten, 102 Semiconductors, 279 Solders, 1046 Solids, com m on, 1 5 3 - 1 5 5 , 187, 243

Index of Properties Thin films, 2 5 4 , 2 6 1 , 264 Wires and cables, 2 2 7 , 24 9 Wood, 2 00 CONDUCTIVITY, THERM AL Adhesives, 367 Air, 9, 1 1 ,5 8 , 9 7 ,5 3 4 ,6 5 2 Antifreeze solutions, 96 Atmosphere, 6 5 0 , 6 5 1 , 6 5 5 Building materials, 5 2 9 , 5 3 0 , 645 Carbides, 1 81, 184 Carbon and graphite, 179, 180, 4 3 6 Ceramic substrate materials, 2 62 Chemical elements, 329 Concrete, 6 4 5 Cryogenic fluids, 8 4 , 9 7, 5 9 0 Elements, 84, 97, 1 1 9 , 180, 329 Fuels, 38, 177 Gases, 38, 50, 5 6 , 5 8 , 8 4 ,5 3 2 Glass, 1 65, 167, 177, 187, 2 6 1 , 262 k e , 177, 185 Insulations, 177, 5 2 9 , 5 3 0 Liquids, 8 8 , 9 1 , 9 2 , 9 7 , 5 3 2 Metals and alloys, 1 1 7 - 1 1 9 , 123, 133, 5 2 7 , 5 2 8 Metals, high-temperature, 120, 1 21, 52 7 Metals, liquid, 98 Metals, pure, 117, 1 19, 5 2 7 Plastics, elastomers, 155, 156, 177 Powders, 5 2 9 Quartz, 187 R eactor materials, 4 3 2 Refractory materials, 193 Refrigerants, 38, 5 0 , 6 8 , 9 7 , 5 3 2 , 5 90 Semiconductors, 273 Sodium-potassium mixtures (Nak), 1 36, 5 3 3 Solids, 1 77, 187, 529 Steam, 2 8 , 37 Thin films, 2 6 1 ,2 6 2 , 264 Vapors, 38, 5 0, 56 Water, 28, 3 7 ,5 0 , 8 8 ,5 3 2 CORROSION AND CHEMICAL RESISTANCE Alloys, copper, 351 Ceramic substrate materials, 262 Fibers, natural and synthetic, 172, 173 Glass, 162, 261 Metals, 2 5 0 , 35 0 , 3 5 1 , 35 9 Plastics, elastomers, 138, 152, 1 5 4 - 1 5 6 CRITICAL VALUES Elements, 5 1 , 83, 84 Fuels, 38, 51 Gases, 3 8, 51, 5 2, 84 Liquids, 51 Propellants, rocket, 5 6 6 Refrigerants, 38, 5 1, 6 8 , 69 Steam, 18, 52 Superconductors, 2 3 1 - 2 3 7 , 241, 24 2 Vapors, 38 CROSS SECTION (BARNS) Coolants, 4 37 Elements, chemical, 4 1 9 , 4 6 7 , 1007 Isotopes, radioactive, 4 1 1 , 4 5 5 , 1006 Materials, common, 4 6 5 , 4 67 Materials, m oderator, 4 3 5 Materials, reactor, 4 3 2 , 4 3 3 , 4 3 6 , 4 3 7 Thermal and resonance-detecting foils, 1007

3

CR YSTAL STRUCTURE Rare-earth metals, 315 Semiconductors, 273 Superconductors and alloys, 232 CURIE TEM PER A TU R E, 30 4 , 310, 3 1 3 - 3 1 5 CURREN T CAPACITY Silicon carbide rectifiers, 248 Wires and cables, 225, 226, 228 CURRENT-CARR1ER MOBILITY Semiconductors, 2 73, 2 7 6 - 2 7 8

D D EBY E TEM PERATURE Cubic crystals, 278 Superconductive elements, 231 DENSITY AND SPECIFIC GRAVITY Acids and bases, 370, 3 8 0 Adsorbents, 363 Air, 9, 11, 13, 16, 58, 6 1 , 62, 97, 5 3 3 , 6 5 0 Anesthetics, 774 Antifreeze solutions, 96 Argon, 82, 9 7 ,5 3 3 Atmosphere, 6 5 2 , 6 5 5 , 1013 Carbides, 183 Carbon and graphite, 1 80, 436 Ceramic substrate materials, 262 Concrete, 177, 645 Cryogenic fluids, 84, 8 6 , 97, 590 Elements, 8 2 - 87, 97 , 117, 180, 3 2 9 ,4 1 9 Explosives, 39 9 , 4 0 0 Ferrotluids, 312 Fibers, natural and synthetic, 172, 175, 182 Filaments, whiskers, fibers, wires, and bars, 175, 182 Fuels, 38, 177, 389, 3 90, 391 Gases, 38, 5 6 - 5 8 , 6 2 , 8 4 ,5 3 2 Glasses, ceramics, 160, 163, 177, 261 Helium, 84, 8 6 , 97 Hydrocarbons, 387 Ice, 24, 177. 185 Insulations, electrical, 1 52 Liquids, 8 8 - 90 , 92, 9 7 , 532 Magnetic alloys, 308 Materials, shielding, 4 4 1 , 4 4 4 Mercury, 87, 1 17, 534 Metals and alloys, 9 8 , 117, 118, 120, 121, 3 08 Metals, high-temperature, 120, 121 Metals, liquid, 9 7 , 98, 136 Metals, powdered, 131 Metals, pure, 117, 329 Metals, rare-earth, 129, 315 Minerals, 189 Moderators, 4 35 Oils, 353, 624 Paint pigments, 356 Phosphors, 1006 Piezoelectric materials, 9 8 3 Plaster of Paris, 643 Plastics, elastomers, 138, 149, 1 5 2 - 1 5 6 , 177 Propellants and oxidizers, 5 6 5 , 56 6 , 569 Quartz, 178, 187 Reactor materials, 4 3 0 , 4 3 2 Refractory materials, 193 Refrigerants, 38, 6 8 , 7 0 - 8 2 , 97, 5 3 2 , 58 5 , 5 9 0

4

Handbook of Tables for Applied Engineering Science Salts, 1 02, 370 Sea water, 6 6 0 Semiconductors, 273 Skin, 7 0 2 Sodium-potassium m ixtures, 136, 5 33 Soil, 1 7 7 ,6 3 6 Solids, 1 5 3 - 1 5 5 , 177, 1 7 8 , 187 Solutions (w ater), 37 0 Solvents, industrial, 35 3 , 3 8 2 , 383 Steam, 17, 18, 24, 29, 32 Sun and moon, 577 Thin films, 2 5 7 , 264 Vapors, 29, 3 8 ,5 6 , 8 7 ,6 7 1 Water, 18, 2 4 , 2 9 ,8 8 , 8 9 ,5 3 2 Water vapor, 17, 24 Waxes, 159 Wood, 1 77, 17 8 , 1 9 4 ,6 3 2 Wool felt, 1 7 7 ,2 0 1

DETONATION VELO C ITY, GAS M IXTURES, 398 DEW POINT, AIR, 13 DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES Adhesives, 367 Ceramic materials, 2 4 4 , 2 6 2 Cryogenic fluids, 9 7 , 5 9 0 Electrooptical materials, linear, 297 Ferrofluids, 3 1 2 Glass, 1 60, 161, 16 3 , 16 6 , 1 8 7 , 2 4 4 , 261 Ice, 185 Insulation, 1 54, 263 Liquids, 9 0 , 97 Piezoelectric materials, 98 3 Plastics, elastomers, 138, 1 5 2 - 1 5 6 , 243 Quartz, 187 Refrigerants, 9 7 , 5 9 0 Solids, 1 5 3 - 1 5 6 , 24 3 Thin films, 2 6 1 , 2 6 2 , 26 4 Waxes, 159 DIFFUSION C O EFFIC IEN T, D, 2 5 1 , 5 4 3 , 5 4 5 , 5 4 6 DISTRIBUTION COEFFICIENTS Semiconductor crystal growth, 255 DRAG CO EFFIC IEN TS Automobiles, 5 1 3 Elements, 331 R eactor materials, 4 3 2 Smooth surfaces, 5 1 4 , 5 1 5 Various shapes, 5 1 5 , 51 6 DUST EXPLOSION, 7 8 4

E ELASTIC MODULUS (See MODULUS) ELASTIC ITY CO EFFIC IEN TS Elements, 331 R eactor materials, 4 3 2 ELECTRON EMISSION, 3 1 6 , 3 1 7 , 3 23 ELECTROOPTIC C O EFFIC IEN TS, 297 ELONGATION, 10 3 , 1 3 8 , 1 5 3 - 1 5 6 , 1 7 2 , 1 75, 367 EMISSION OF RADIATION (See RADIATION EMISSION) EN ER G Y BANDS, 273 ENTHALPY Air, 9, 11, 13, 1 6 ,6 2 Argon, 6 2 , 82 Fluorine, 83 Fuels, hydrocarbon, 3 9 6 , 397 Elements, 8 2, 8 3 , 8 6 , 87

Gases, 6 2 , 8 6 , 3 9 6 ,3 9 7 Ice, 24 Mercury, 87 Metals, 122 Refrigerants, 7 0 - 8 2 Steam, 17, 18, 24, 29, 32 Water, 18, 24, 29 Water vapor, 17, 18, 24 ENTROPY Air, 13, 1 6 ,6 2 Argon, 82 Elements, 82, 8 6 , 87 Fuels, hydrocarbon, 396 Gases, 2 9 , 6 2 , 7 0 , 8 6 ,3 9 6 Helium, 8 6 Ice, 24 Mercury. 87 Refrigerants, 7 0 - 8 2 Steam, 17, 1 8 ,2 4 , 2 9 , 3 2 Water, 18, 24, 29 Water vapor, 17, 18, 24 EQUATION O F STATE, VAN DER W AALS’ CONSTANTS, 52 EVAPORATION, HEAT OF (See LA TENT HEAT Oh VAPORIZATION) EXPANSION C O EFFIC IEN T , TH ERM AL Adhesives, 367 Carbon and graphite, 179, 18 0 , 4 3 6 Ceramic substrate materials, 26 2 Elements, 9 2 , 11 7 , 1 1 9 ,3 3 1 Glass, ceramics, 1 6 0 , 168, 261 Ice, 185 Insulation, electrical, 152 Integrated-circuit materials, 2 49 Liquids, 9 1 , 92 Magnetic alloys, 30 8 Metals and alloys, 117, 119, 120, 12 1 , 22 4 , 2 49 Metals, high-temperature, 1 2 0 , 121, 991 Plastics, 138, 1 5 2 - 1 5 5 Reactor materials, 4 3 2 Quartz, 187 Refractory materials, 193, 2 49 Solids, com mon, 1 5 3 - 1 5 5 , 1 8 7 , 249 Thin films, 2 4 9 . 2 5 4 , 261, 2 6 2 , 264

F FLAM M ABILITY AND FLAM M ABILITY LIMITS Anesthetics, 774 Chemical compounds, 766 Fibers, man-made, 175 Fuels, 38 Gases, 38, 783 Hydrocarbons, 3 8 8 Insulation, electrical, 152, 154 Plastics, elastomers, 137, 13 8 , 148, 152, 155, 156 Refrigerants, 38 Vapors, 38, 7 7 4 , 7 8 3 Woods, 7 7 8 FLASH POINT Fuels, 3 8 8 , 38 9 , 391 Hydrocarbons, 3 8 8 Oils, 6 2 4 , 625 Solvents, 353 Waxes, 159 FR EEZIN G POINT (See MELTING POINT) FREQUEN CIES (See WAVELENGTHS)

Index of Properties FRICTION CO EFFIC IEN T Boundary lubrication, 6 1 8 Crystals, single, 6 1 3 Dry surfaces, 6 1 7 , 6 2 1 , 6 3 6 Fluids, 5 1 5 , 5 2 0 Lubricating powders, 6 1 4 , 615 Metals and alloys, 6 1 0 - 6 2 2 Nonmetals, 6 1 3 , 6 1 4 Rocks, 6 4 2 Rolling, 6 2 0 Surfaces, various, 621 Tires on pavement, 6 2 2 FUSION, HEAT OF (See LATENT HEAT OF FUSION)

G GAS CONSTANT “ R ” (See also SPECIFIC HEAT RATIO), 38 GRAVITY (See DENSITY)

H H A LF-LIV ES, 4 1 2 , 4 1 8 , 4 2 3 , 4 3 7 , 4 5 5 , 1 0 0 4 HARDNESS Carbides, 183 Crystals, cubic, 278 Glass, 160 Metals and alloys, 103, 1 2 3 , 124, 1 3 3 ,6 1 5 Minerals, 189 Plastics, 138, 1 5 3 - 1 5 5 Quartz, 187 Steel, 124 Wool felt, 201 HEAT OF DILUTION AND SOLUTION Acids, dilution, 3 7 8 , 379 Various compounds, solution, 379 HEAT OF FORMATION Metal oxides, 2 5 0 Semiconductors, 273 HEATS OF SOLUTION, 379 HEAT TR AN SFER C O EFFIC IEN T (See main index) HEATING VALUES, COMBUSTION Fuels, 38, 3 8 9 , 3 9 0 , 393 Gases, 38, 394 Hydrocarbons, 388 Organic compounds, 394 HUMIDITY RATIO, 13, 16, 5 4 8 , 5 4 9 I

IGNITION TEM PERATURE Anesthetics, 774 Dust clouds, 78 4 Hydrocarbons, 388 IONIZATION Equilibrium constants for reactions to 5 0 ,0 0 0 ° K, 40 3 Surface, efficiency o f cesium, 3 20 Water, 369

L LATENT HEAT OF FUSION Elements, 85, 9 2 , 119, 331 Fuels, 38 Gases, 38, 85 Inorganic compounds, 4 7 9 Liquids, 9 1 , 9 2 Refrigerants, 38

5

Selected materials, 4 7 9 , 4 8 4 Vapors, 38 LATENT HEAT OF VAPORIZATION Cryogenic fluids, 84, 9 7 , 5 9 0 Elements, 84, 8 7 , 9 2 ,9 7 Fuels, 38 Gases, 38, 84 Hydrocarbons, 387 Liquids, 9 1 ,9 2 , 97 Refrigerants, 38, 70, 72 , 74, 76, 79, 81, 9 7 , 5 8 3 , 5 9 0 LOUDNESS (See SOUND INTENSITY AND PRESSURE) LUMINANCE, 2 1 6 , 221, 5 8 0 , 6 7 6 , 6 7 8 , 6 7 9 , 6 8 2

M MAGNETIC PROPERTIES Alloys, permanent magnetic, 307 Antiferromagnetic, 312 Rare-earth compounds, 314 F’errofluids, 312 Ferromagnetic materials, 3 10 Materials, various, 30 5 , 313 Metal powders, 133 Metallic magnetic-core materials, 3 06 Superconductors, 231 MECHANICAL PRO PERTIES (See property desired) MELTING (FR EEZ IN G ) POINTS Alloys, brazing and soldering, 11 8 , 1 0 4 6 , 104 8 Anesthetics, 774 Antifreeze solutions, 96 Carbides, 183 Ceramic materials, 2 6 2 , 338 Coatings, 1051 Elements, 83, 85, 117, 119, 329 Eutetics, metal, 125 Explosives, 39 9 , 4 0 0 Fibers, man-made, 175 Fluorine, 83 Fuels, 38, 4 3 0 Gases, 38, 6 4 9 Glass, 163 Ice, 185 Inorganic compounds, 3 3 8 , 479 Liquids, 91 , 92 Metals and alloys, 98 , 1 1 7 , 119, 1 2 0 , 121, 125, 128, 1 3 6 ,2 2 4 , 338 Metals, high-temperature, 120 Metals, integrated circuits, 250 Metals, liquid, 98 Metals, low melting, 128 Metals, pure, 117, 119, 12 1 , 2 5 0 , 329 Metals, rare-earth, 129, 315 Metals, sprayed, 1051 Plastics, 148, 155 Propellants, rocket, 5 6 6 Radioisotopic fuel compounds, 4 3 0 , 431 Reactor materials, 4 3 2 Refractory materials, 1 9 3 , 338 Refrigerants, 38 , 6 8 , 91 Salts, 102, 338 Sea water, 6 6 0 Selected materials, 4 8 4 , 1 0 1 2 Semiconductors, 273 Sodium-potassium mixtures, 136 Solders, 1046 Solids, com mon, 155, 187

6

Handbook of Tables for Applied Engineering Science

Solutions (w ater), 37 0 Thin films, 2 5 7 , 264 Vapors, 38 Waxes, 159 MODULUS 01 LLAST1C1TY Adhesives. 367 Carbides, 1 84 Carbon and graphite, 180, 4 3 6 Elements, 1 1 7 ,3 3 1 Filaments, whiskers, fibers, wires and bars, 182 Glass, 160, 163 Ice, 185 Insulation, electrical, 152 Lumber, 198 Metals and alloys, 117, 182 Metals, rare-earth, 129 Piezoelectric materials, 98 3 Plastics, 138, 1 49, 152, 1 54, 155 Quartz, 187 Reactor materials, 4 3 2 Rocks, 642 Solids, common, 154, 687 MOLECULAR WEIGHT Acids and bases, 3 80 Anesthetics, 7 7 4 Atmosphere, components of, 6 4 9 , 6 5 1 , 6 5 2 , 6 5 5 , 1013 Carbides, 183 Elements, 4 1 9 Fuels, 38, 38 9 Gases, 38, 3 8 9 , 3 9 6 Gases, combustion products, 3 9 6 Heavy water, 4 3 7 Hydrocarbons, 3 8 7 , 397 Inorganic compounds, 4 7 9 Liquids, 90 Metals, rare-earth, 315 Moderator materials, 4 3 5 Oils, 627 Organic compounds, 39 4 Refrigerants, 38, 6 8 Solvents, industrial, 3 8 2 , 383 Vapors, 38, 6 8 Water, 437 Waxes, 159

N N EEL TEM PER A TU R E, 3 0 4 , 3 1 2 , 31 5 NOISE (See SOUND) NUCLEAR PROPERTIES (See also CROSS SECTION, BARNS) Graphite, 4 3 6 Isotopes, radioactive, 4 1 1 , 4 2 4 - 4 2 6 , 4 2 8 , 4 5 5 -4 6 3 Moderator materials, 4 35 Neutron sources, 4 1 2 Neutron yield, 4 1 7 , 4 1 8 , 4 2 3 Radioisotope fuels, 4 3 0 , 431 Reactor materials, 4 1 1 , 4 1 9 Target materials, 4 1 2 Water and heavy water, 4 3 7 , 4 4 4

P PARTICLE SIZE Metal powders, 1 31

Paint pigments, 356 Sieve measurements, 985 PERM EABILITY Magnetic (See MAGNETIC PR O PERTIES) Soils, 6 3 8 Vapor barrier, 547 pH VALUES Acids and bases, 36 8 , 1024 Biological materials, 368 Foods, 36 2 , 368 Indicators, 1024 Ion exchange resins, 384 PHOTOCONDUCTION, 9 9 7 , 10 0 0 PHOTOEMISSION, 1 0 0 0 - 1 0 0 2 POISSON’S RATIO Alloys, 1 1 7 ,6 8 7 Glass, 160 Ice, 185 Metals, pure, 117, 129, 6 8 7 Plastics, 687 Quartz, 187 POROSITY Carbon and graphite, 180 Soil, 6 3 6 , 63 7 PRANDTL NO. Air, 9, 11 Fluids, 532 Gases, 58 PRESSURE, CRITICAL (See CRITICAL PR ESSU R E)

R RADIATION ABSORPTION Atmospheric, 281 Emissivity relationship, 2 12 Solar, 212 RADIATION EMISSION Blackbody, 2 0 7 - 2 0 9 Carbon dioxide and water vapor, 2 1 3 , 2 14 Gases, 21 3 , 214 Glass, 165, 217 Ice, 185 Metals and nonmetals, 211 Phosphor screens, 221 Solar absorptivity relationship, 2 12 S u n ,2 0 7 ,5 7 7 Surfaces, 2 1 1 ,2 1 2 , 5 4 1 ,1 0 0 3 Water vapor, 2 1 3 , 214 RADIATION PROPERTIES (See ABSO RPTIVITY, CROSS SECTION, EM ISSIVITY, W AVELENGTH) RADIATION TO LERAN CE, Oil types, 6 2 6 RADIOACTIVITY, 7 60 R EFLEC TA N C E Colors, 6 8 2 Diffusers, 216 Reflectors, 2 1 6 , 2 1 7 ,6 7 7 Skin, 7 0 2 R EFR A C T IV E INDEX Anesthetics, 7 7 4 Electrooptical materials, linear, 297 Glass, 160, 163, 169 Infrared optical materials, 2 2 0 Liquids, 90 , 93 Minerals, 189 Non-linear optical materials, 301 Oils, 353

Index of Properties Pigments, 356 Plastics, 138 Quartz, 187 Solids, 1 63, 187 Solutions, 93 REGAIN (MOISTURE) Fibers, natural, 172 Fibers, synthetic, 175 R ELA TIV E HUMIDITY Air, moist, 13 Condensation on walls and windows, 675 Hygroscopic materials, 549 Salts, 5 4 8 Sorbents, 364 RESILIEN CE (See STIFFN ESS) RESISTIVITY, ELEC T R IC A L (See also CONDUCTIVITY, ELEC TR IC A L) Ceramics, 263 Ferrofluids, 3 1 2 Graphite, 4 3 6 Metals and alloys, 2 2 3 , 264 Metals, pure, 223 Semiconductors, 279 Solders, 1046 Superconductors, 229 Wood, 20 0 REVERBERATIO N TIME, 6 9 9 REYNOLDS NO. Air, pipe, 5 1 8 , 537 Water, pipe, 5 1 8 , 5 3 7 ,9 8 8 ROUGHNESS Fluid-flow surfaces, 514 Machined surfaces, 1055 Relative values of, 1055

s SATURATION PRESSURE (See VAPOR PRESSURE) SECOND HARMONIC C O EFFICIEN TS, 301 SOLUBILITY Chart of compounds, 37 4 , 375 Gases, 376 Liquids, 382 Product, 376 Solvents, industrial, 3 8 2 , 383 SONIC V ELO CITY, GASES, 396 SOUND ATTENUATION, 69 4 SOUND INTENSITY AND PRESSURE, 6 8 8 , 6 9 0 , 6 9 1 , 7 4 8 , 7 4 9 , 7 93 SOUND VELOCITY Air, 9, 11 Atmosphere, 6 5 0 , 6 5 1 , 6 55 F uels, 38 Gases, 38 Liquids, 9 0 Metals, 687 Quartz, 187 Refrigerants, 38 Solids, 1 8 7 ,6 8 7 ,6 8 8 Vapors, 38 Water, 90 SPECIFIC GRAVITY (See DENSITY) SPECIFIC HEAT Air. 9. 1 1 . 5 8 . 6 2 , 9 7 , 5 3 3 Antifreeze solutions, 96 Carbides. 182

Carbon and graphite, 180 Cryogenic fluids, 9 7 , 590 Elements, 83, 97, 119, 329 Fluorine, 83, 97 Fuels, 38 Gases, 38, 56, 58, 61 , 62, 5 3 2 Glass, 160, 167. 177, 187 Hydrocarbons, 387 Ice, 177, 185 Liquids, 8 8 , 9 1 ,9 2 , 9 7 , 3 8 2 ,5 3 2 Metals, 119, 122 Metals, high-temperature, 120, 121 Metals, liquid, 98 , 119, 136 Metals, pure, 98, 1 19. 121, 1 2 2 ,3 2 9 Plastics, elastomers, 138, 155, 156, 177 Quartz, 187 Reactor materials, 4 3 2 Refractory materials, 193 Refrigerants, 38, 6 8 , 97, 53 2 , 5 9 0 Sodium-potassium mixtures, 136, 533 Solids, 155, 177, 187 Solvents, industrial, 382 Steam, 17, 26 Vapors, 38, 56 Water, 26, 8 8 Water vapor, 17, 26 SPECIFIC HEAT RATIO, cp/ c v A h ,9 , 1 1 ,5 6 ,6 1 Cryogenic fluids, 38 Fuels, 38 Gases, 38, 58 , 61, 38 7 , 396, 4 7 4 Gases, combustion, 396 Gases, effect of pressure, 61 Gases, effect of temperature, 59 Hydrocarbons, 38 7 , 396 Refrigerants, 38, 6 8 Steam, 1 7 ,4 7 4 Vapors, 38 Water vapor, 17 SPECIFIC VOLUME (See DENSITY) SPECIFIC WEIGHT (See DENSITY) STIFFN ESS Concrete, 643 Crystals, cubic, 278 Glass, 130 Metals and alloys, 1 30 Minerals, 130 Quartz, 187 Steel springs, 605 STRAIN GAUGE FACTORS, 9 83 STRENGTH (T EN SILE, COMPRESSIVE, YIELD ) Adhesives, 367 Bolts, 1 27 Carbon and carbides, 181, 1 84 Carbon and graphite, 180, 4 3 6 Composites, metal, 134, 135 Composites, plastic, 149 Concrete, 6 4 4 , 645 Eibers, natural and synthetic, 1 7 0 , 172, 175, 182 Eilaments, whiskers, fibers, wires and bars, 182 Glass, 160, 165, 170 Ice, 185 Insulation, electrical, 152 Lumber, 2 0 0 . 6 34 Magnetic alloys, 308 Metals and alloys, 103, 121, 123, 124, 13 0 , 591

8

Handbook of Tables for Applied Engineering Science Metals, fiber-reinfoiced, 135 Metals, high-temperature, 120, 121 Metals, low-temperature, 591 Metals, particle-reinforced, 1 3 3 , 134 Piezoelectric materials, 9 8 3 Plastics, elastomers, 1 38, 1 4 9 , 1 5 2 - 156 Plaster of Paris, 6 4 3 Quartz, 187

Reactor materials, 4 3 2 Rocks, 64 2 Soils, 641 Solders, 1046 Solids, 1 5 3 - 155, 187 Steel, 124 Wood, 1 9 8 -2 0 1 Wool felt, 201 SUPERCONDUCTIVITY Compounds and alloys, 23 2 Elements, 231 High-eritieal-field materials, 241 Thin films, 231 SURFACE AREA Adsorbents, 363 Moon, 577 Planets, 5 7 8 Skin, 7 0 2 Sun, 577 SU RFACE FINISH (See ROUGHNESS) SURFACE TENSION Alcohol solutions, 94 Ferrofluids, 312 Liquids, 9 0 , 9 3 , 94 Refrigerants, 9 0 Water, 94

T TEN SILE STRENGTH (See STRENGTH) THERM AL CONDUCTIVITY (See CONDUCTIVITY. THERM AL) THERM AL EXPANSION C O EFFIC IEN T (See EXPANSION C O EFFIC IEN T ) THERM OELECTRIC PRO PER TIES, 9 7 9 TOXICITY Carbon dioxide, 7 7 0 Carbon monoxide, 771 Chemical compounds, 7 6 6 Gases, 7 3 3 , 7 3 4 , 7 6 1 ,7 6 6 High-oxygen atmosphere, 771 Odors, 7 3 0 Pesticides, 775 Propellants, rocket, 5 6 6 Refrigerants, 6 8 TRANSMITTANCE Atmosphere, 729 Diffusers, 2 1 6 , 217 Glass, 160, 168, 2 1 9 ,6 8 4 Heat, 5 2 9 , 5 3 0 Infrared window materials, 2 1 9 , 2 2 0 Light, 217 Sound, 6 9 4 , 6 9 6 Ultraviolet, 2 1 9 Underwater, light, 283 Water vapor, 547 TR IPLE POINT, Gases, 83

V VAPORIZATION, HEAT O F (See LATENT HEAT) VAPOR PR ESSURE Air, 13, 16, 534 Argon, 82, 5 34 Atmosphere, 6 5 2 , 655 Cesium, 3 2 6 , 337 Cryogenic fluids, 8 6 Elements, 82, 83, 8 6 , 87, 3 2 6 , 337 Fluorine, 8 3 , 337 Fuels, 38, 390 Gases, 3 8 , 54 Metals, 119, 337 Propellants, rocket, 56 6 Refrigerants, 38, 54 , 7 0 - 8 2 Solutions, salt, 381 Steam, 17, 18, 24 Thin films, 257 Vapors, saturated, 38, 54 Water vapor, 13, 1 6 - 1 8 , 24 VISCOSITY Air, 9, 1 1 ,5 8 , 9 7 ,6 5 1 Antifreeze solutions, 96 Atmosphere, 6 5 0 , 6 5 1 , 6 55 Conversion factors, 865 Cryogenic fluids, 9 7 , 5 90 Ferrofluids, 3 12 Fuels, 38 , 389 Gases, 38, 5 6 , 58 , 5 3 2 Gases, effect of temperature, 56 Glass, 163 Liquids, 8 8 - 9 0 , 9 2 , 97, 3 8 9 , 532 Metals, liquid, 98 Oils, 3 5 3 , 6 2 3 - 6 2 7 Refrigerants, 38, 6 8 , 97 , 5 3 2 , 5 9 0 Salts, molten, 102 Sodium-potassium mixtures, 136 Solvents, industrial, 382 Steam, 36 , 37 Vapors, 38 , 56 Water, 36, 37, 8 8 , 8 9 ,5 3 2 VOID FRACTION, 6 3 6

w WAVELENGTHS, Frequencies Blackbody, 2 0 7 - 2 0 9 , 216 Crystals, cubic, 27 8 , 293 Electromagnetic spectrum, 2 06 Gases, 2 8 1 , 28 4 , 2 8 6 , 288 Infrared techniques, 2 0 6 , 2 1 8 Lasers, 2 8 3 , 2 8 4 , 2 8 6 , 2 8 8 , 2 9 1 , 2 9 3 , 295 Phosphor screens, 221 Phosphors, 10 0 6 Radiocommunications, 2 0 6 , 215 Radiation, 2 0 6 , 2 0 7 , 2 2 1 , 6 8 0 , 9 96 Semiconductors, 2 7 6 , 291 WEAR, METALS AND A L LO Y S, 123, 6 1 6 WORK FUNCTION, ELEC TR O N , Elements, 3 1 7

Y YOUNG’S MODULUS (See MODULUS O F ELASTICITY)

1.1

Gases and Vapors

9

Table 1-1. PROPERTIES OF DRY AIR AT ATMOSPHERIC PRESSU R E-EN G LISH UNITS* For properties o f dry air in S I units , see Table 1-. S Y M B O L S A N D U N IT S : °K = degrees Kelvin

CpICv

°R = degrees R ankine

V k

°F = degrees Fahrenheit

Pr

p = density, lbm/ft3 cp = specific heat capacity, Btu/lbm°R = cal/g °K

specific heat capacity, ratio dimensionless viscosity. F o r lbm/secft multiply by 10“ 4 thermal conductivity, Btu/hr ft °R Prandtl number, dimensionless

h

enthalpy, Btu/lbm. F o r cal/g multiply by 0.5555.

K

sound velocity, ft/sec

Temperature

Properties Pr

cp/c v

130 140

180 198 216 234 252

-2 8 0 -2 6 2 -2 4 4 -2 2 6 -2 0 8

.2247 .2033 .1858 .1711 .1586

.2456 .2440 .2430 .2423 .2418

1.4202 1.4166 1.4139 1.4119

.0466 .0513 .0559 .0604 .0648

.00534 .00586 .00638 .00690 .00742

.770 .768 .766 .763 .761

42.3 46.7 51.1 55.5 59.8

651 685 717 747 776

150 160 170 180 190

270 288 306 324 342

-1 9 0 -1 7 2 -1 5 4 -1 3 6 -1 1 8

.1478 .1384 .1301 .1228 .1163

.2414 .2411 .2408 .2406 .2405

1.4102 1.4089 1.4079 1.4071 1.4064

.0691 .0733 .0774 .0815 .0854

.00793 .00844 .00895 .00946 .00996

.758 .754 .750 .746 .743

64.2 68.5 72.9 77.2 81.5

804 831 856 882 906

200 205

-1 0 0 -9 1 -8 2 -7 3 -6 4

.1104 .1078 .1051 .1027 .1003

.2404 .2403 .2403 .2403 .2402

1.4057 1.4055 1.4053 1.4050 1.4048

.0892 .0911 .0930 .0949 .0967

.01045 .01070 .01095 .01119 .01143

.739 .738 .736 .734 .732

85.8

220

360 369 378 387 396

90.2 92.3 94.5

930 941 953 964 976

225 230 235 240 245

405 414 423 432 441

-5 5 -4 6 -3 7 -2 8 -1 9

.0981 .0959 .0939 .0919 .0901

.2402 .2402 .2402 .2401 .2401

1.4046 1.4044 1.4042 1.4040 1.4038

.0986 .1004 .1022 .1039 .1057

.01168 .01191 .01215 .01239 .01263

.731 .729 .727 .725 .724

96.7 98.8 101.0 103.1 105.3

987 998 1008 1019 1030

250 255.4 260 265 270

450 459.7 468 477 486

-1 0 0 8

17 26

.0882 .0865 .0848 .0832 .0817

.2401 .2401 .2401 .2402 .2402

1.4036 1.4034 1.4032 1.4030 1.4029

.1074 .1092 .1109 .1126 .1143

.01287 .01310 .01334 .01357 .01380

.722 .721 .719 .717 .716

107.5 109.6 111.8 114.0 116.1

1040 1051 1061 1071 1081

275 280 285 290 295

495 504 513 522 531

35 44 53 62 71

.0802 .0787 .0774 .0760 .0747

.2402 .2402 .2402 .2403 .2403

1.4026 1.4024 1.4022 1.4020 1.4018

.1160 .1176 .1192 .1208 .1224

.01403 .01426 .01448 .01472 .01494

.715 .713 .711 .710 .709

118.3 120.4 122.6 124.8 126.9

1091 1101

1140 1149 1158 1167 1177 1186 1195 1204 1213

100

110 120

210 215

88.0

300 305 310 315 320

540 549 558 567 576

80 89 98 107 116

.0735 .0723 .0711 .0700 .0689

.2404 .2404 .2405 .2405 .2406

1.4017 1.4015 1.4013 1.4010 1.4008

.1241 .1257 .1272 .1287 .1303

.01516 .01539 .01561 .01583 .01606

.708 .707 .705 .704 .703

129.1 131.3 133.4 135.6 137.7

325 330 335 340 345

585 594 603 612 621

125 134 143 152 161

.0678 .0668 .0658 .0648 .0639

.2407 .2407 .2408 .2409 .2410

1.4006 1.4004 1.4001 1.3999 1.3996

.1319 .1334 .1349 .1364 .1379

.01627 .01649 .01670 .01692 .01713

.702 .701 .700 .699 .698

139.9 142.1 144.2 146.4 148.6

1111

1120 1130

1221

of Tables for Applied Engineering Science

Table 1-1. PROPERTIES OF DRY AIR PHERIC PRESSU RE—ENGLISH UNITS (Continued) Properties Cp/Cv

P

k

Pr

h

Vs

.2411 .2411 .2412 .2413 .2415

1.3993 1.3990 1.3987 1.3984 1.3981

.1394 .1409 .1423 .1437 .1452

.01735 .01758 .01779 .01800 .01820

.697 .696 .695 .694 .693

150.7 152.9 155.1 157.3 159.4

1230 1239 1247 1256 1264

.0588 .0580 .0572 .0565 .0559

.2416 .2417 .2418 .2420 .2421

1.3978 1.3975 1.3971 1.3968 1.3964

.1465 .1479 .1494 .1508 .1522

.01841 .01862 .01883 .01904 .01925

.692 .691 .690 .690 .689

161.6 163.8 166.0 168.1 170.3

1273 1281 1289 1298 1306

260 278 296 314 332

.0551 .0537 .0525 .0512 .0501

.2422 .2425 .2428 .2432 .2435

1.3961 1.3953 1.3946 1.3938 1.3929

.1536 .1563 .1590 .1617 .1643

.01945 .01985 .02026 .02066 .02106

.689

172.5 176.9 181.2 185.6 190.0

1314 1330 1346 1361 1377

810 828 846 864 882

350 368 386 404 422

.0490 .0479 .0469 .0459 .0450

.2439 .2443 .2447 .2451 .2456

1.3920 1.3911 1.3901 1.3892 1.3881

.1670 .1695 .1719 .1744 .1769

.02144 .02183 .02260 .02298

.684 .683 .682 .681 .680

194.4 198.8 203.2 207.6

1392 1407 1421 1436 1450

900 918 936 954 972

440 458 476 494 512

.0441 .0432 .0424 .0416 .0408

.2460 .2465 .2469 .2474 .2479

1.3871 1.3861 1.3851 1.3840 1.3829

.1794 .1818 .1842 .1867 .1891

.02335 .02373 .02409 .02445 .02482

.680 .680 .680 .680 .680

225.3 229.7 234.2

1464 1478 1492 1506 1520

990 1008 1026 1044 1062

530 548 566 584 602

.0400 .0393 .0386 .0380 .0373

.2484 .2490 .2495 .2500 .2506

1.3818 1.3806 1.3795 1.3783 1.3772

.1914 .1937 .1960 .1983 .2005

.02518 .02554 .02589 .02624 .02659

.680 .680 .680 .680 .680

238.7 243.1 247.6 252.1 256.6

1533 1546 1559 1572 1585

1080 1116 1152 1188 1224

620 656 692 728 764

.0367 .0355 .0344 .0334 .0324

.2511 .2522 .2533 .2545 .2556

1.3760 1.3737 1.3714 1.3691 1.3668

.2027 .2071 .2115 .2156 .2198

.02694 .02762 .02829 .02896 .02962

.680 .681 .682 .682 .683

261.1 270.2 279.3 288.4 297.6

1597 1622 1647 1671 1695

1260 1296 1332 1368 1404

800 836 872 908 944

.0315 .0306 .0298 .0290 .0282

.2568 .2579 .2591 .2602 .2613

1.3646 1.3623 1.3601 1.3580 1.3559

.2239 .2279 .2320 .2359 .2398

.03026 .03089 .03151 .03214 .03275

.684 .685

.6 8 8

306.8 316.1 325.4 334.8 344.1

1718 1742 1764 1787 1808

1440 1530 1620 1710 1800

980 1070 1160 1250 1340

.0275 .0259 .0245 .0231

.2624 .2653 .2678 .2704 .2728

1.354 1.349 1.345 1.340 1.336

.2435 .2529 .2618 .2705 .2790

.03337 .03485 .03627 .03768 .03903

.689 .693 .696 .699 .702

353.6 377.3 401.3 425.5 450.0

1830 1883 1934 1985 2032

1980 2160 2340 2520 2700

1520 1700 1880 2060 2240

.0200

.2774 .2817 .2860 .2900 .2940

1.329 1.322 1.316 1.310 1.304

.2954 .3108 .3256 .3398 .3535

499.5 549.8 600.9 652.7 705.3

2126 2215 2300 2381 2459

2880 3240 3600 4320 5040

2420 2780 3140 3860 4580

.2984 .3076 .3196 .3760 .5396

1.299 1.288 1.274 1.238 1.196

.3667 .3917

758.6 867.7 980.5 1226.8 1547.3

2535 2676 2807 3033 3225

°R

°F

P

630 639 648 657

666

170 179 188 197 206

.0630 .0621 .0612 .0604 .0595

675 684 693 702 711

215 224 233 242 251

720 738 756 774 792

ind coi ce, No

.0 2 2 0

.0184 .0169 .0157 .0147 .0138 .0 1 2 2 .0 1 1 0

.0092 .0078

.0 2 2 2 2

.6 8 8

.687 .6 8 6

.684

.6 8 6

.687

2 1 2 .0

216.4 2 2 0 .8

from: “Tables of Thermal Properties o f Gases” , National Bureau o f Standards Circular 564, U.S. Government 1955.

1.1

Table 1-2.

11

Gases and Vapors

PROPERTIES OF DRY AIR AT ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE—SI UNITS*

For properties o f dry air in English units , see Table 7-7. S Y M B O L S A N D U N IT S : K = absolute temperature, degrees Kelvin deg C = temperature, degrees Celsius deg F = temperature, degrees Fahrenheit p — density, kg/m3 cp = specific heat capacity, kJ/kg-K Cp!cv = specific heat capacity ratio, dimensionless p = viscosity. F o r N-s/m2 ( = kg/m s) multiply tabulated values by 10“ 6 k = thermal conductivity. For w/m*k multiply tabulated values by 1 0 "3 Pr = Prandtl number, dimensionless h = enthalpy, kJ/kg Vs = sound velocity, m/s Properties

Temperature K

deg C

deg F

P

cp

CpK

P

k

Pr

h

Vs

9.248 10.15 11.05 11.94 12.84

.770 .768 .766 .763 .761

98.42 108.7 118.8 129.0 139.1

198.4 208.7 218.4 227.6 236.4

10.28 10.91 11.52 12.12 12.71

13.73 14.61 15.49 16.37 17.23

.758 .754 .750 .746 .743

149.2 159.4 169.4 179.5 189.6

245.0 253.2 261.0 268.7 276.2

7 5 3 0 8

13.28 13.56 13.85 14.12 14.40

18.09 18.52 18.94 19.36 19.78

.739 .738 .736 .734 .732

199.7 204.7 209.7 214.8 219.8

283.4 286.9 290.5 293.9 297.4

1.006 1.006 1.006 1.005 1.005

1.404 6 1.404 4 1.404 2 1.404 0 1.403 8

14.67 14.94 15.20 15.47 15.73

20.20 20.62 21.04 21.45 21.86

.731 .729 .727 .725 .724

224.8 229.8 234.9 239.9 244.9

300.8 304.1 307.4 310.6 313.8

1.413 1.386 1.359 1.333 1.308

1.005 1.005 1.005 1.005 1.006

1.403 1.403 1.403 1.403 1.402

6 4 2 0 9

15.99 16.25 16.50 16.75 17.00

22.27 22.68 23.08 23.48 23.88

.722 .721 .719 .717 .716

250.0 255.0 260.0 265.0 270.1

317.1 320.2 323.4 326.5 329.6

35 44 53 62 71

1.285 1.261 1.240 1.218 1.197

1.006 1.006 1.006 1.006 1.006

1.402 1.402 1.402 1.402 1.401

6 4 2 0 8

17.26 17.50 17.74 17.98 18.22

24.28 24.67 25.06 25.47 25.85

.715 .713 .711 .710 .709

275.1 280.1 285.1 290.2 295.2

332.6 335.6 338.5 341.5 344.4

80 89 98 107 116

1.177 1.158 1.139 1.121 1.103

1.006 1.006 1.007 1.007 1.007

1.401 1.401 1.401 1.401 1.400

7 5 3 0 8

18.46 18.70 18.93 19.15 19.39

26.24 26.63 27.01 27.40 27.78

.708 .707 .705 .704 .703

300.2 305.3 310.3 315.3 320.4

347.3 350.2 353.1 355.8 358.7

100 110 120 130 140

-1 7 3 .1 5 -1 6 3 .1 5 -1 5 3 .1 5 - 143.15 - 133.15

-2 8 0 -2 6 2 -2 4 4 -2 2 6 -2 0 8

3.598 3.256 2.975 2.740 2.540

1.028 1.022 1.017 1.014 1.012

1.420 1.4t6 1.413 1.411

2 6 9 9

150 160 170 180 190

-1 2 3 .1 5 -1 1 3 .1 5 -1 0 3 .1 5 -9 3 .1 5 -8 3 .1 5

-1 9 0 -1 7 2 -1 5 4 -1 3 6 -1 1 8

2.367 2.217 2.085 1.968 1.863

1.010 1.009 1.008 1.007 1.007

1.410 1.408 1.407 1.407 1.406

2 9 9 I 4

200 205 210 215 220

-7 3 .1 5 -6 8 .1 5 -6 3 .1 5 -5 8 .1 5 -5 3 .1 5

-1 0 0 -9 1 -8 2 -7 3 -6 4

1.769 1.726 1.684 1.646 1.607

1.006 1.006 1.006 1.006 1.006

1.405 1.405 1.405 1.405 1.404

225 230 235 240 245

-4 8 .1 5 -4 3 .1 5 -3 8 .1 5 -3 3 .1 5 -2 8 .1 5

-5 5 -4 6 -3 7 -2 8 - 19

1.572 1.537 1.505 1.473 1.443

250 255 260 265 270

-2 3 .1 5 -1 8 .1 5 -1 3 .1 5 -8 .1 5 -3 .1 5

-1 0 -1 8 17 26

275 280 285 290 295

+ 1.85 6.85 11.85 16.85 21.85

300 305 310 315 320

26.85 31.85 36.85 41.85 46.85

6.929 7.633 8.319 8.990 9.646

‘ Condensed and computed from: “Tables of Thermal Properties of Gases” , National Bureau of Standards Circular 564, U.S. Government Printing Office, November 1955.

Handbook of Tables for Applied Engineering Science

12

Table 1-2.

PROPERTIES OF DRY AIR AT ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE—SI UNITS (Continued)

Temperature

Properties deg F

deg C

I

P

cplc v

P

k

Pr

h

1.008 1.008 1.008 1.008 1.009

1.400 1.400 1.400 1.399 1.399

6 4 1 9 6

19.63 19.85 20.08 20.30 20.52

28.15 28.53 28.90 29.28 29.64

.702 .701 .700 .699 .698

325.4 330.4 335.5 340.5 345.6

361.4 364.2 366.9 369.6 372.3

I

Vs

325 330 335 340 345

51.85 56.85 61.85 66.85 71.85

125 134 143 152 161

1.086 1.070 1.054 1.038 1.023

350 355 360 365 370

76.85 81.85 86.85 91.85 96.85

170 179 188 197 206

1.008 0.994 0.980 0.967 0.953

5 5 2 9

1.009 1.010 1.010 1.010 1.011

1.399 1.399 1.398 1.398 1.398

3 0 7 4 1

20.75 20.97 21.18 21.38 21.60

30.03 30.39 30.78 31.14 31.50

.697 .696 .695 .694 .693

350.6 355.7 360.7 365.8 370.8

375.0 377.6 380.2 382.8 385.4

375 380 385 390 395

101.85 106.85 111.85 116.85 121.85

215 224 233 242 251

0.941 0.928 0.916 0.905 0.893

3 8 9 0 6

1.011 1.012 1.012 1.013 1.014

1.397 1.397 1.397 1.396 1.396

8 5 1 8 4

21.81 22.02 22.24 22.44 22.65

31.86 32.23 32.59 32.95 33.31

.692 .691 .690 .690 .689

375.9 380.9 386.0 391.0 396.1

388.0 390.5 393.0 395.5 398.0

400 410 420 430 440

126.85 136.85 146.85 156.85 166.85

260 278 296 314 332

0.882 0.860 0.840 0.820 0.802

2 8 2 7 1

1.014 1.015 1.017 1.018 1.020

1.396 1.395 1.394 1.393 1.392

1 3 6 8 9

22.86 23.27 23.66 24.06 24.45

33.65 34.35 35.05 35.75 36.43

.689 .688 .687 .686 .684

401.2 411.3 421.5 431.7 441.9

400.4 405.3 410.2 414.9 419.6

450 460 470 480 490

176.85 186.85 196.85 206.85 216.85

350 368 386 404 422

0.784 2 0.767 7 0.7509 0.735 1 0.720 1

1.021 1.023 1.024 1.026 1.028

1.392 1.391 1.390 1.389 1.388

0 1 1 2 1

24.85 25.22 25.58 25.96 26.32

37.10 37.78 38.46 39.11 39.76

.684 .683 .682 .681 .680

452.1 462.3 472.5 482.8 493.0

424.2 428.7 433.2 437.6 442.0

500 510 520 530 540

226.85 236.85 246.85 256.85 266.85

440 458 476 494 512

0.705 0.691 0.678 0.665 0.653

7 9 6 8 5

1.030 1.032 1.034 1.036 1.038

1.387 1.386 1.385 1.384 1.382

1 1 1 0 9

26.70 27.06 27.42 27.78 28.14

40.41 41.06 41.69 42.32 42.94

.680 .680 .680 .680 .680

503.3 513.6 524.0 534.3 544.7

446.4 450.6 454.9 459.0 463.2

550 560 570 580 590

276.85 286.85 296.85 306.85 316.85

530 548 566 584 602

0.641 0.630 0.619 0.608 0.598

6 1 0 4 0

1.040 1.042 1.044 1.047 1.049

1.381 1.380 1.379 1.378 1.377

8 6 5 3 2

28.48 28.83 29.17 29.52 29.84

43.57 44.20 44.80 45.41 46.01

.680 .680 .680 .680 .680

555.1 565.5 575.9 586.4 596.9

467.3 471.3 475.3 479.2 483.2

600 620 640 660 680

326.85 346.85 366.85 386.85 406.85

620 656 692 728 764

0.588 0.569 0.551 0.534 0.518

1 1 4 7 9

1.051 1.056 1.061 1.065 1.070

1.376 1.373 1.371 1.369 1.366

0 7 4 1 8

30.17 30.82 31.47 32.09 32.71

46.61 47.80 48.96 50.12 51.25

.680 .681 .682 .682 .683

607.4 628.4 649.6 670.9 692.2

486.9 494.5 502.1 509.4 516.7

700 720 740 760 780

426.85 446.85 466.85 486.85 506.85

800 836 872 908 944

0.504 0.490 0.476 0.464 0.452

0 1 9 3 4

1.075 1.080 1.085 1.089 1.094

1.364 1.362 1.360 1.358 1.355

6 3 1 0 9

33.32 33.92 34.52 35.11 35.69

52.36 53.45 54.53 55.62 56.68

.684 .685 .686 .687 .688

713.7 735.2 756.9 778.6 800.5

523.7 531.0 537.6 544.6 551.2

800 850 900 950

526.85 576.85 626.85 676.85

980 1 070 I 160 1 250

0.441 0.415 0.392 0.371

0 2 0 4

1.099 1.110 1.121 1.132

1.354 1.349 1.345 1.340

36.24 37.63 38.97 40.26

57.74 60.30 62.76 65.20

.689 .693 .696 .699

822.4 877.5 933.4 989.7

557.8 574.1 589.6 604.9

1 000

1 340 I 520 1 700 1 880 2 060

0.352 0.320 0.294 0.271 0.252

9 8 1 4 1

1.142 1.161 1.179 1.197 1.214

1.336 1.329 1.322 1.316 1.310

41.53 43.96 46.26 48.46 50.57

67.54

.702

1 300 1 400

726.85 826.85 926.85 1 026.85 1 126.85

1 500 1 600 1 800 2 000 2 400

1 220.85 1 326.85 1 526.85 1 726.85 2 126.85

2 2 2 3 3

0.235 0.220 0.196 0.176 0.146

3 6 0 4 7

1.231 1.249 1.288 1.338 1.574

1.304 1.299 1.288 1.274 1.238

52.61 54.57 58.29

2 800

2 526.85

4 580

0.124 5

2.259

1.196

1 100

I 200

240 420 780 140 860

1 046 1 162 1 279 1 398 1 518

619.5 648.0 675.2 701.0 725.9

1 640 1 764 2 018 2 280 2 853

749.4 772.6 815.7 855.5 924.4

3 599

983.1

1.1

Table 1-3.

13

Gases and Vapors

PSYCHROMETRIC TABLES*

Properties of Moist Air at 29.92 in. Hg (101325 N /m 2) SYMBOLS AND UN lTS:a Ps = pressure of steam at saturation, psia. For N/m 2 multiply by 6894.8. Ws = humidity ratio at saturation, mass of water vapor associated with unit mass of dry air. Va = specific volume of dry air, cu ft per lb. For m3/kg multiply by 0.062420. Vs = specific volume of saturated mixture, cu ft per lb dry air. For m3/kg dry air multiply by 0.062420. bha = specific enthalpy of dry air, Btu/lb. For J/kg multiply by 2326. hs = specific enthalpy of saturated mixture, Btu per lb dry air. For J/kg dry air multiply by 2326.3. ss = specific entropy of saturated mixture, Btu/°R per lb dry air. For J/K kg dry air multiply by 4186.8. Temperature °F

°C

Properties ws

Vs 9.046 9.300 9.553 9.806 10.059

ha - 2 4 .0 4 - 2 1 .6 3 - 1 9 .2 3 - 1 6 .8 2 - 1 4 .4 2

hs - 2 4 .0 4 - 2 1 .6 3 - 1 9 .2 2 - 1 6 .8 1 - 1 4 .3 9

-.0 5 9 0 -.0 5 2 4 -.0 4 5 9 - .0 3 9 7 -.0 3 3 5

- 12.01 - 1 0 .8 1 - 9 .6 0 9 - 9 .1 2 9 - 8 .6 4 8

- 1 1 .9 7 - 1 0 .7 6 - 9 .5 2 6 - 9 .0 3 5 - 8 .5 4 2

- .0 2 7 5 - .0 2 4 6 -.0 2 1 7 - .0 2 0 5 - .0 1 9 3 -.0 1 8 2 -.0 1 7 0 - .0 1 5 8 - .0 1 4 7 - .0 1 3 5

.00024 .00050

.00001 .0 0 0 0 2

Va 9.046 9.300 9.553 9.806 10.059

- 4 5 .5 6 - 4 2 .7 8 -4 0 - 3 8 .8 9 - 3 7 .7 8

.00098 .00135 .00186 .00211

.00004 .00006 .00008 .00009

10.313 10.440 10.566 10.617

.00239

.0 0 0 1 0

10.668

10.314 10.441 10.567 10.619 10.670

-3 4 -3 2 -3 0 -2 8 -2 6

- 36.67 - 3 5 .5 6 - 3 4 .4 4 - 3 3 .3 3 - 3 2 .2 2

.00270 .00305 .00344 .00388 .00436

.00011

10.718 10.769 10.820 10.870 10.921

10.720 10.771 10.822 10.873 10.924

- 8 .1 6 8 - 7 .6 8 7 - 7 .2 0 7 - 6 .7 2 6 - 6 .2 4 6

-8 .0 4 7 - 7 .5 5 1 - 7 .0 5 3 - 6 .5 5 3 - 6 .0 5 0

-2 4

- 3 1 .1 1 -3 0 - 2 8 .8 9 - 2 7 .7 8 - 2 6 .6 7

.00490 .00551 .00618 .00693 .00776

.00021

10.972

.00023 .00026 .00029 .00033

11.0 2 2

11.073 11.124 11.174

10.976 11.026 11.078 11.129 11.180

- 5 .7 6 5 - 5 .2 8 5 - 4 .8 0 4 - 4 .3 2 4 - 3 .8 4 3

- 5 .5 4 6 - 5 .0 3 9 - 4 .5 2 7 - 4 .0 1 4 - 3 .4 9 5

- .0 0 8 8 - .0 0 7 7

- 2 5 .5 6 - 2 4 .4 4 - 2 3 .3 3 - 2 2 .2 2 - 21.11

.00868 .00969 .01082 .01207 .01344

.00037 .00041 .00046 .00051 .00057

11.225 11.275 11.326 11.376 11.427

11.232 11.283 11.334 11.385 11.437

- 3 .3 6 3 - 2 .8 8 2 - 2 .4 0 2 - 1 .9 2 2 - 1 .4 4 1

- 2 .9 7 4 - 2 .4 4 6 - 1 .9 1 5 - 1 .3 7 9 - 0 .8 3 5

-.0 0 6 5 - .0053 -.0 0 4 1 - .0029 -.0 0 1 7

- 0 .2 8 6 0.271 0.835

-9 0 -8 0 -7 0 -6 0

- 7 3 .3 3 - 6 7 .7 8 - 6 2 .2 2 - 5 6 .6 7 -5 1 .1 1

-5 0 -4 5 -4 0 -3 8 -3 6

-1 0 0

-2 2 -2 0

-1 8 -1 6 -1 4 -1 2 -1 0 -8 -6

Ps .00002



.00005



.00012



.00013 .00015 .00017 .00019

-.0 1 2 3 - .0 1 1 2 - .0 1 0 0

-4

-2 0

-2 0 1 2

- 1 8 .8 9 - 1 7 .7 8 - 1 7 .2 2 - 1 6 .6 7

.01496 .01664 .01849 .01948 .02052

.00064 .00071 .00079 .00083 .00087

11.477 11.528 11.578 11.604 11.629

11.489 11.541 11.593 11.619 11.645

- 0 .9 6 1 - 0 .4 8 0 0.240 0.480

1.120

1.408

- .0 0 0 5 .0007 .0019 .0025 .0032

3 4 5

- 1 6 .1 1 - 1 5 .5 6 -1 5 - 1 4 .4 4 - 1 3 .8 9

.02161 .02276 .02396 .02521 .02653

.00092 .00097 .00107 .00113

11.671 11.697 11.724 11.750 11.777

0.721 0.961

.0 0 1 0 2

11.654 11.679 11.705 11.730 11.756

1.441 1.681

1.698 1.991 2.286 2.583 2.883

.0038 .0044 .0051 .0057 .0064

- 1 3 .3 3 - 1 2 .7 8 - 12.22 - 1 1 .6 7

.02791 .02936 .03087 .03246 .03412

.00119 .00125 .00132 .00138 .00145

11.781 11.806 11.831 11.857 11.882

11.803 11.830 11.856 11.883 11.910

1.922 2.162 2.402 2.642 2.882

3.188 3.494 3.803 4.116 4.432

.0070 .0077 .0083 .0090 .0097

.00153 .00161 .00169 .00177 .00186

11.907 11.933 11.958 11.983 12.009

11.936 11.963 11.990 12.017 12.044

3.123 3.363 3.603 3.843 4.083

4.753 5.076 5.403 5.735 6.071

.00195 .00205 .00215 .00226 .00237

12.034 12.059 12.084

12.072 12.099 12.126 12.154 12.181

4.324 4.564 4.804 5.044 5.284

6.412 6.756 7.106 7.460 7.820

6

7 8

9 10 11 12

-

11.11

13 14 15 16 17

- 1 0 .5 6 -9 .4 4 -8 .8 9 -8 .3 3

.03585 .03767 .03957 .04156 .04363

18 19

- 7 .7 8 - 7 .2 2 -6 .6 7 - 6.11 -5 .5 6

.04581 .04808 .05045 .05293 .05552

20 21 22

-1 0

12.110

12.135

0.000

1.201

.0103 .0110

.0117 .0124 .0131 .0138 .0145 .0153 .0160 .0168

14

Handbook of Tables for Applied Engineering Science

Table 1-3.

PSYCHROMETRIC TABLES (Continued)

Temperature °F

°C

12.236 12.262

ha 5.525 5.765 6.005 6.245 6.485

.00315 .00330 .00345 .00362 .00379

12.287 12.312 12.338 12.363 12.388

12.349 12.377 12.406 12.434 12.463

6.726 6.966 7.206 7.446 7.686

10.51 10.92 11.33 11.76

.0215 .0223 .0232 .0240 .0249

2.78

.092227 .095999 .099908 .10396 .10815

.00394 .00411 .00428 .00445 .00463

12.413 12.438 12.464 12.489 12.514

12.492 12.520 12.549 12.578 12.607

7.927 8.167 8.407 8.647 8.887

12.17 12.59 13.01 13.44 13.87

.0257 .0266 .0274 .0283 .0292

3.33 3.89 4.44 5 5.56

.11249 .11699 .12164 .12646 .13145

.00482 .00501 .00521 .00542 .00564

12.540 12.565 12.590 12.616 12.641

12.637 12.695 12.725 12.755

9.128 9.368 9.608 9.848 10.09

14.32 14.77 15.23 15.70 16.17

.0301 .0310 .0319 .0328 .0338

6.11

.13660 .14194 .14746 .15317 .15907

.00586 .00609 .00633 .00658 .00684

12.691 12.717 12.742 12.767

12.785 12.815 12.846 12.876 12.907

10.33 10.57 10.81 11.05 11.29

16.66 17.15 17.65 18.16 18.68

.0347 .0357 .0367 .0377 .0387

.16517 .17148 .17799 .18473 .19169

.00710 .00737 .00766 .00795 .00826

12.792 12.818 12.843

11.53 11.77 12.01

19.21 19.75 20.30

12.894

12.938 12.969 13.001 13.032 13.064

12.25 12.49

21.44

.0398 .0408 .0419 .0430 .0441

.00857 .00889 .00923 .00958 .00993

12.919 12.944 12.970 12.995 13.020

13.097 13.129 13.162 13.195 13.228

12.73 12.97 13.21 13.45 13.69

22.62 23.22 23.84 24.48

.0453 .0465 .0476 .0488 .0501

-5 -4 .4 4 -3 .8 9 -3 .3 3 - 2 .7 8

28 29 30 31 32

- 2.22 -1 .6 7 - 1.11 -.5 6

33 34 35 36 37

+ .56

38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47

6.67 7.22 7.78 8.33

0 1.11

1.67 2 .2 2

8.89 9.44 10

10.56 11.11

.00249 .00261 .00273 .00287 .00300

.07365 .07715 .08080 .08461 .08858

K 12.160 12.186

hs 8.186 8.557 8.934 9.317 9.706

K 12.209 12.237 12.265 12.293 12.321

23 24 25 26 27

48 49 50 51 52

Properties Ws

Ps .05823 .06105 .06400 .06708 .07030

12.211

12.666

12.868

12 .6 6 6

10.10

2 0 .8 6

•*s .0175 .0183 .0191 .0199 .0207

53 54 55 56 57

11.67 12.78 13.33 13.89

.19888 .20630 .21397 .22188 .23006

58 59 60 61 62

14.44 15 15.56 16.11 16.67

.23849 .24720 .25618 .26545 .27502

.01030 .01069 .01108 .01149 .01191

13.045 13.071 13.096 13.121 13.147

13.261 13.295 13.329 13.363 13.398

13.93 14.17 14.41 14.65 14.89

25.12 25.78 26.46 27.15 27.85

.0513 .0526 .0539 .0552 .0566

63 64 65

17.22 17.78 18.33 18.89 19.44

.28488 .29505 .30554 .31636 .32750

.01235 .01280 .01326 .01374 .01424

13.172 13.197 13.222 13.247 13.273

13.433 13.468 13.504 13.539 13.576

15.13 15.37 15.61 15.86 16.10

28.57 29.31 30.06 30.83 31.62

.0579 .0594 .0608 .0623 .0638

68

20

69 70 71 72

20.56

22 .2 2

.33900 .35084 .36304 .37561 .38856

.01475 .01528 .01582 .01639 .01697

13.298 13.323 13.348 13.373 13.398

13.613 13.650 13.687 13.724 13.762

16.34 16.58 16.82 17.06 17.30

32.42 33.25 34.09 34.95 35.83

.0653 .0668 .0684 .0700 .0717

73 74 75 76 77

22.78 23.33 23.89 24.44 25

.40190 .41564 .42979 .44435 .45935

.01757 .01819 .01882 .01948 .02016

13.424 13.449 13.474 13.499 13.525

13.801 13.841 13.881 13.921 13.962

17.54 17.78 18.02 18.26 18.50

36.74 37.66 38.61 39.57 40.57

.0734 .0751 .0769 .0787 .0806

78 79 80 81 82

25.56 26.11 26.67 27.22 27.78

.47478 .49066 .50701 .52382 .54112

.02086 .02158 .02233 .02310 .02389

13.550 13.575 13.601 13.626 13.651

14.003 14.045 14.087 14.130 14.174

18.74 18.98 19.22 19.46 19.70

41.58 42.62 43.69 44.78 45.90

.0825 .0844 .0864 .0884 .0905

66

67

12.22

21.11

21.67

2 2 .0 2

1.1

Table 1-3. Temperature op °C

Gases and Vapors

15

PSYCHROMETRIC TABLES (Continued) Properties Ws

Vs

.02471 .02555 .02642 .02731 .02824

va 13.676 13.702 13.727 13.752 13.777

14.218 14.262 14.308 14.354 14.401

.65575 .67678 .69838 .72059 .74340

.02919 .03017 .03118 .03223 .03330

13.803 13.828 13.853 13.879 13.904

14.448 14.496 14.545 14.595 14.645

21.14 21.39 21.63 21.87

33.89 34.44 35 35.56 36.11

.76684 .79091 .81564 .84103 .86711

.03441 .03556 .03673 .03795 .03920

13.929 13.954 13.980 14.005 14.030

14.697 14.749 14.802 14.856 14.911

36.67 37.22 37.78 38.89 40

.89388 .92137 .94959 1.0083 1.0700

.04049 .04182 .04319 .04606 .04911

14.056 14.081 14.106 14.157 14.207

41.11 42.22 43.33 44.44 45.56

1.1351 1.2035 1.2754 1.3510 1.4305

.05234 .05578 .05944 .06333 .06746

124

46.67 47.78 48.89 50 51.11

1.5139 1.6014 1.6933 1.7897 1.8907

126 128 130 132 134

52.22 53.33 54.44 55.56 56.67

136 138 140 142 144

28.33 28.89 29.44 30 30.56

Ps .55892 .57722 .59604 .61540 .63530

89 90 91 92

31.11 31.67 32.22 32.78 33.33

93 94 95 96 97 98 99

K 19.94 20.18 20.42

K 47.04 48.22 49.43 50.66 51.93

.0926 .0948 .0970 .0993 .1016

22.11

53.23 54.56 55.93 57.33 58.78

.1040 .1064 .1089 .1115 .1141

22.35 22.59 22.83 23.07 23.31

60.25 61.77 63.32 64.92 66.55

.1168 .1195 .1223 .1252 .1282

14.967 15.023 15.081 15.200 15.324

23.55 23.79 24.03 24.51 24.99

68.23 69.96 71.73 75.42 79.31

.1312 .1343 .1375 .1441 .1510

14.258 14.308 14.359 14.409 14.460

15.452 15.586 15.724 15.869 16.020

25.47 25.95 26.43 26.92 27.40

83.42 87.76 92.34 97.18 102.3

.1584 .1660 .1742 .1826 .1916

.07185 .07652 .08149 .08678 .09242

14.510 14.561 14.611 14.662 14.712

16.178 16.343 16.516 16.696 16.886

27.88 28.36 28.84 29.32 29.80

107.7 113.5 119.5 126.0 132.8

.2011 .2111

1.9966 2.1075 2.2237 2.3452 2.4725

.09841 .1048 .1116 .1189 .1267

14.763 14.813 14.864 14.915 14.965

17.086 17.295 17.516 17.749 17.994

30.29 30.77 31.25 31.73 32.21

140.1 147.8 155.9 164.7 174.0

.2571 .2703 .2844 .2993 .3151

57.78 58.89 60 61.11 62.22

2.6055 2.7446 2.8900 3.0419 3.2006

.1350 .1439 .1534 .1636 .1745

15.016 15.066 15.117 15.167 15.218

18.253 18.528 18.819 19.128 19.457

32.69 33.17 33.66 34.14 34.62

183.9 194.4 205.7 217.7 230.6

.3318 .3496 .3686 .3888 .4104

146 148 150 155 160

63.33 64.44 65.56 68.33 71.11

3.3662 3.5390 3.7194 4.2046 4.7424

.1862 .1989 .2125 .2514 .2990

15.268 15.319 15.369 15.496 15.622

19.807 20.181 20.580 21.709 23.068

35.10 35.58 36.06 37.27 38.47

244.4 259.3 275.3 320.8 376.3

.4335 .4583 .4848 .5599 .6511

165 170 175 180 185

73.89 76.67 79.44 82.22 85

5.3372 5.9936 6.7168 7.5119 8.3845

.3581 .4327 .5292 .6578 .8363

15.748 15.874 16.001 16.127 16.253

24.733 26.812 29.476 32.997 37.854

39.68 40.88 42.09 43.29 44.50

445.0 531.5 643.2 791.8 997.7

.7629 .9030 1.083 1.319 1.646

190 195

87.78 90.56 93.33

9.3403 10.386 11.526

16.379 16.506 16.632

44.959 56.291 77.142

45.70 46.91 48.12

83 84 85 86

87 88

100 102

104 106 108 110 112

114 116 118 120 122

200

1.099 1.519 2.295

2 0 .6 6

20.90

1301 1784 2677

.2216 .2329 .2446

2 .1 2 2

2.879 4.266

N ote: The Ps column in this table gives the vapor pressure of pure water at temperature intervals of one degree Fahrenheit. For the latest data on vapor pressures at intervals o f 0.1 °C, from 0-100°C, see “Vapor Pressure Equation for W ater” , A. Wexler and L. Greenspan, J . Res. Nat. Bur. Stand., 75A(3): 213-229, M ay-June 1971. "The Btu in this table is defined as 778.3 ft Ibf in the source. The conversion factors listed are consistent with this definition. bFor very low barometric pressures and high wet-bulb temperatures, the values of ha given in this table are somewhat low. For corrections see “ASHRAE Handbook of Fundamentals”. •Condensed with permission from: “ASH RAE Handbook of Fundamentals” , American Society o f Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers, 1972.

16

Handbook of Tables for Applied Engineering Science

Table 1-4.

PSYCHROMETR1C TABLE—SI UNITS* Properties of Moist Air at 101325 N/m 2

For properties o f m oist air in English units , see Table 1-3. S Y M B O L S A N D U N IT S : Ps = pressure o f water vapor at saturation, N/m2 Ws = humidity ratio at saturation, mass o f water vapor associated with unit mass o f dry air Va = specific volume o f dry air, m 3/kg Vs = specific volume o f saturated mixture, m 3/kg dry air haa = specific enthalpy o f dry air, kJ/kg hs = specific enthalpy o f saturated mixture, kJ/kg dry air ss = specific entropy o f saturated mixture, J/K kg dry air Temperature C

K

Properties F

Ps

ws

K

K

ha

hs

-4 0

233.15

-4 0

12.838

0.000 079 25

0.659 61

0.659 68

- 2 2 .3 5

- 2 2 .1 6

-3 0

243.15

-2 2

37.992

0.000 234 4

0 .6 8 8 08

0.688 33

- 1 2 .2 9

- 1 1 .7 2

-2 5

248.15

-1 3

63.248

0.000 390 3

0.702 32

0.702 75

- 7 .2 6 5

- 6 .3 0 6

*5 - 9 0 .6 5 9 -4 6 .7 3 2 - 2 4 .7 0 6

-2 0

253.15

-4

103.19

0.000 637 1

0.716 49

0.717 24

- 2 .2 3 6

- 0 .6 6 5 3

- 2 .2 1 9 4

-1 5

258.15

+5

165.18

0.001 020

0.730 72

0.731 91

+ 2.794

5.318

21.189

-1 0

263.15

14

259.72

0.001 606

0.744 95

0.746 83

-5

268.15

23

401.49

0.002 485

0.759 12

0.762 18

12.85

19.04

0

273.15

32

610.80

0.003 788

0.773 36

0.778 04

17.88

27.35

104.14

5

278.15

41

871.93

0.005 421

0.787 59

0.794 40

22.91

36.52

137.39

10

283.15

50

0.007 658

0.801 76

0.811 63

27.94

47.23

175.54

1 227.2

7.823

11.81

46.104 73.365

15

288.15

59

1 704.4

0.010 69

0.816 0 0

0.829 98

32.97

59.97

2 2 0 .2 2

20

293.15

68

2 337.2

0.014 75

0.830 17

0.849 83

38.00

75.42

273.32

25

298.15

77

3 167.0

0 .0 2 0 16

0.844 34

0.871 62

43.03

30

303.15

86

4 242.8

0.027 31

0.858 51

0.896 09

48.07

117.8

415.65

35

308.15

95

5 623.4

0.036 73

0.872 74

0.924 06

53.10

147.3

512.17

40

313.15

104

7 377.6

0.049 11

0.886 92

0.956 65

58.14

184.5

532.31

45

318.15

113

9 584.8

0.065 36

0.901 15

0.995 35

63.17

232.0

783.06

50

323.15

122

12 339

0.086 78

0.915 32

1.042 3

68.21

293.1

975.27

55

328.15

131

15 745

0 .1 1 5 2

0.929 49

1.100 7

73.25

372.9

1 221.5

60

333.15

140

19 925

0.153 4

0.943 72

1.174 8

78.29

478.5

I 543.5

94.38

337.39

65

338.15

149

25 014

0.205 5

0.957 90

1.272 1

83.33

621.4

1 973.6

70

343.15

158

31 167

0.278 8

0.972 07

1.404 2

88.38

820.5

2 564.8

75

348.15

167

38 554

0.385 8

0.986 30

1.592 4

93.42

1 110

3 412.8

80

353.15

176

47 365

0.551 9

1.000 5

1.879 1

98.47

1 557

4 710.9

85

358.15

185

57 809

0.836 3

1.014 6

2.363 2

103.5

2 321

6 892.6

90

363.15

194

70 112

1.416

1.028 8

3.340 9

108.6

3 876

11 281

N ote: The Ps column in this table gives the vapor pressure of pure water at temperature intervals of five degrees Celsius. For the latest data on vapor pressures at intervals o f 0.1 deg C, from 0-100 deg C, see “Vapor Pressure Equation for Water” , A. Wexler and L. Greenspan, J . Res. Nat. Bur. Stand., 75A(3): 213-229, M ay-June 1971. "For very low barometric pressures and high wet-bulb temperatures, the values o f ha in this table are somewhat low; for corrections see “ASHRAE Handbook of Fundamentals” . •Computed from: Psychrometric Tables, in “ASHRAE Handbook o f Fundamentals” , American Society o f Heating, Refrigerating and AirConditioning Engineers, 1972.

1.1

Table 1-5.

Gases and Vapors

17

WATER VAPOR AT LOW P R E S S U R E S -S I UNITS* Perfect Gas Behavior pv/T = R = 0.46151 kJ/kg K

S Y M B O L S A N D U N IT S : t = thermodynamic temperature, deg C T = thermodynamic temperature, K pv = R T, kJ/kg u0 = specific internal energy at zero pressure, kJ/kg h0 = specific enthalpy at zero pressure, kJ/kg st = specific entropy o f semiperfect vapor at 0.1 MN/m2, kJ/kg* K = C/ = pr = vr = cpo = cvo = k =

specific Helmholtz free energy o f semiperfect vapor at 0.1 MN/m2, kJ/kg specific G ibbs free energy o f semiperfect vapor at 0.1 MN/m2, kJ/kg relative pressure, pressure o f semiperfect vapor at zero entropy, TN/m2 relative specific volume, specific volume o f semiperfect vapor at zero entropy, m m 3/kg specific heat capacity at constant pressure for zero pressure, kJ/kg-K specific heat capacity at constant volume for zero pressure, kJ/kg-K cpo/cvo = isentropic exponent, —(d \ogp/d log v)s

T

/

pv

K

*1

c,

ti

Pr

vr

Cpo

Cpo

k

0

27 3.15

126.06

2 375.5

2 501.5

6 .8 0 4 2

5 1 6.9

6 4 3 .0

.2 5 2 9

4 9 8 .4

1.858 4

1.396 9

1.330 4

10

28 3 .1 5

130.68

2 3 8 9 .4

2 520.1

6.871 1

44 3 .9

5 74.6

.2 9 2 3

4 4 7 .0

1.860 1

1.398 6

1.330 0 1.329 5

20

293.15

135.29

2 4 0 3 .4

2 538.7

6 .9 3 5 7

370.2

505.5

.3 3 6 3

4 0 2 .4

1.862 2

1.400 7

30

303.15

139.91

2 417.5

2 5 57.4

6 .9 9 8 2

2 9 6.0

4 3 5 .9

.3 8 5 0

3 6 3 .4

1.864 7

1.403 1

1.328 9

40

313.15

144.52

2 431.5

2 576.0

7.058 7

221.1

3 65.6

.4 3 9 0

3 2 9 .2

1.867 4

1.405 9

1.328 3

50

323.15

149.14

2 4 4 5.6

2 594.7

7 .1 1 7 5

145.6

294.7

.4 9 8 6

299.1

1.870 5

1.409 0

1.327 5

60

333.15

153.75

2 4 5 9.7

2 6 1 3 .4

7 .1 7 4 5

69.5

2 2 3 .2

.5 6 4 2

27 2 .5

1.873 8

1 .4 1 2 3

1.326 8

70

3 4 3.15

158.37

2 473.8

2 632.2

7 .2 3 0 0

- 7 .2

151.2

.6 3 6 3

2 4 8 .9

1.877 4

1 .4 1 5 9

1.325 9

80

353.15

162.98

2 4 8 8 .0

2 6 5 1 .0

7 .2 8 4 0

- 8 4 .3

7 8 .6

.7 1 5 2

2 2 7 .9

1.881 2

1 .4 1 9 7

1.325 1

90

363.15

167.60

2 502.2

2 6 6 9.8

7.336 6

- 1 6 2 .1

5.5

.801 5

209.1

1.885 2

1.423 7

1.324 2

100

37 3 .1 5

172.21

2 516.5

2 6 8 8.7

7.387 8

-2 4 0 .3

- 6 8 .1

.8 9 5 7

192.26

1.889 4

1.427 9

1.323 2

120

3 9 3.15

181.44

2 545.1

2 726.6

7 .4 8 6 7

-3 9 8 .3

- 2 1 6 .8

1.109 7

163.50

1.898 3

1.436 7

1.321 2

140

41 3 .1 5

190.67

2 573.9

2 7 6 4 .6

7.581 1

-5 5 8 .2

- 3 6 7 .5

1.361 7

140.03

1.907 7

1.446 2

1.319 1

160

4 3 3 .1 5

199.90

2 6 0 3 .0

2 8 0 2.9

7.671 5

- 7 2 0 .0

- 5 2 0 .1

1.656 4

120.69

1.917 7

1.456 2

1 .3 1 6 9

180

45 3 .1 5

209.13

2 6 3 2 .2

2 841.3

7 .7 5 8 3

-8 8 3 .5

- 6 7 4 .4

1.999 1

104.61

1.928 1

1.466 6

1 .3 1 4 7

20 0

4 7 3 .1 5

2 1 8 .4

2 6 6 1 .6

2 8 8 0.0

7.841 8

- 1 0 4 8 .7

-8 3 0 .4

2 .3 9 6

9 1 .1 5

1.938 9

1.477 4

1 .3 1 2 4

300

57 3 .1 5

2 6 4.5

2 812.3

3 0 7 6 .8

8 .218 9

- 1 8 9 8 .4

- 1 6 3 3 .9

5 .4 2 3

4 8 .7 7

1.997 5

1.536 0

1.300 5

400

67 3 .1 5

310.7

2 9 6 9 .0

3 2 7 9 .7

8 .545 1

- 2 783.1

- 2 4 7 2 .5

10.996

2 8 .2 5

2.061 4

1.599 9

1.288 5

50 0

773.15

356.8

3 132.4

3 4 8 9 .2

8 .835 2

- 3 699

- 3 342

20.61

17.310

2 .1 2 8 7

1.667 2

1.276 8

600

87 3.15

4 0 3 .0

3 302.5

3 705.5

9 .0 9 8 2

- 4 642

- 4 239

36 .4 5

11.056

2 .1 9 8 0

1.736 5

1.265 8 1.255 4

7 00

97 3 .1 5

449.1

3 4 7 9.7

3 9 2 8 .8

9 .3 4 0 3

- 5 610

-5

161

6 1 .5 8

7 .2 9 3

2 .2 6 8 3

1.806 8

800

1 07 3 .1 5

4 9 5 .3

3 6 6 3 .9

4 159.2

9 .5 6 5 5

- 6 601

-6

106

1 0 0 .3 4

4 .9 3 6

2 .3 3 8 7

1.877 1

1.245 9

90 0

1 173.15

54 1 .4

3 855.1

4 396.5

9 .7 7 6 9

-7 6 1 5

- 7 073

158.63

3 .4 1 3

2 .4 0 7 8

1.946 2

1.237 1

1000

1 27 3 .1 5

5 8 7 .6

4 053.1

4 6 4 0 .6

9 .9 7 6 6

- 8 649

- 8 061

2 4 4 .5

2 .4 0 3

2 .4 7 4 4

2 .0 1 2 8

1.299 3

1 100

1 3 7 3.15

6 3 3 .7

4 257.5

4 8 9 1 .2

10.166 1

- 9 702

- 9 068

3 6 8 .6

1.719

2 .5 3 6 9

2 .0 7 5 4

1.222 4

1200

1 4 7 3 .1 5

6 7 9 .9

4 4 6 7 .9

5 147.8

10.346 4

- 1 0 77 4

- 1 0 094

5 4 4 .9

1.248

2 .5 9 3 8

2 .1 3 2 3

1 .2 1 6 4

1300

1 57 3 .1 5

7 2 6 .0

4 6 8 3 .7

5 4 0 9 .7

10.518 4

- 1 1 863

- 1 1 137

7 9 1 .0

.918

2 .6 4 3 1

2.181 6

1.211 5

* Adapted from: “ Steam Tables” , J.H. Keenan, F.G. Keyes, P.G. Hill, and J.G. Moore, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1969 (International Edition— Metric Units).

REFERENCE For other steam tables in metric units, see “Steam Tables in SI Units”, Ministry of Technology, London, 1970.

18

Handbook of Tables for Applied Engineering Science

Table 1-6.

SATURATED STEAM AND SATURATED WATER (TEMPERATURE)** “ 1967 ASM E Steam Tables”

For steam properties in S I units , see Tables 1-5 and 1-7 . Volume, f t i /lbm Temp, CF

Press, psia

W ater,

Enthalpy, Btu/lbm

Evap,

Steam,

vf

vf 9

Entropy, Btu/lbm °F

Evap, */.

Steam , K

Water, sf

Evap,

V9

Water, hf

Steam,

Temp, °F

Sf 9

S9

705.47 705.0 704.5 704.0 703.5

3208.2 3198.3 3187.8 3177.2 3166.8

0.05078 0.04427 0.04233 0.04108 0.04015

0.00000 0.01304 0.01822 0.02192 0.02489

0.05078 0.05730 0.06055 0.06300 0.06504

906.0 873.0 861.9 854.2 848.2

0.0 61.4 85.3 102.0 115.2

906.0 934.4 947.2 956.2 963.5

1.0612 1.0329 1.0234 1.0169 1.0118

0.0000 0.0527 0.0732 0.0876 0.0991

1.0612 1.0856 1.0967 1.1046 1.1109

705.47 705.0 704.5 704.0 703.5

703.0 702.5 702.0 701.5 701.0

3156.3 3145.9 3135.5 3125.2 3114.9

0.03940 0.03878 0.03824 0.03777 0.03735

0.02744 0.02969 0.03173 0.03361 0.03536

0.06684 0.06847 0.06997 0.07138 0.07271

843.2 838.9 835.0 831.5 828.2

126.4 136.1 144.7 152.6 159.8

969.6 974.9 979.7 984.0 988.0

1.0076 1.0039 1.0006 0.9977 0.9949

0.1087 0.1171 0.1246 0.1314 0.1377

1.1163 1.1210 1.1252 1.1291 1.1326

703.0 702.5 702.0 701.5 701.0

700.5 700.0 699.0 698.0 697.0

3104.6 3094.3 3073.9 3053.6 3033.5

0.03697 0.03662 0.03600 0.03546 0.03498

0.03701 0.03857 0.04149 0.04420 0.04674

0.07397 0.07519 0.07749 0.07966 0.08172

825.2 822.4 817.3 812.6 808.4

166.5 172.7 184.2 194.6 204.0

991.7 995.2 1001.5 1007.2 1012.4

0.9924 0.9901 0.9858 0.9818 0.9783

0.1435 0.1490 0.1590 0.1681 0.1764

1.1359 1.1390 1.1447 1.1499 1.1547

700.5 700.0 699.0 698.0 697.0

696.0 695.0 694.0 693.0 692.0

3013.4 2993.5 2973.7 2954.0 2934.5

0.03455 0.03415 0.03379 0.03345 0.03313

0.04916 0.05147 0.05370 0.05587 0.05797

0.08371 0.08563 0.08749 0.08931 0.09110

804.4 800.6 797.1 793.8 790.5

212.8 221.0 228.8 236.1 243.1

1017.2 1021.7 1025.9 1029.9 1033.6

0.9749 0.9718 0.9689 0.9660 0.9634

0.1841 0.1914 0.1983 0.2048 0.2110

1.1591 1.1632 1.1671 1.1708 1.1744

696.0 695.0 694.0 693.0 692.0

690.0 688.0 686.0 684.0 682.0

2895.7 2857.4 2819.5 2782.1 2745.1

0.03256 0.03204 0.03157 0.03114 0.03074

0.06203 0.06595 0.06976 0.07349 0.07716

0.09459 0.09799 0.10133 0.10463 0.10790

784.5 778.8 773.4 768.2 763.3

256.1 268.2 279.5 290.2 300.4

1040.6 1047.0 1052.9 1058.4 1063.6

0.9583 0.9535 0.9490 0.9447 0.9406

0.2227 0.2337 0.2439 0.2537 0.2631

1.1810 1.1872 1.1930 1.1984 1.2036

690.0 688.0 686.0 684.0 682.0

680.0 678.0 676.0 674.0 672.0

2708.6 2672.5 2636.8 2601.5 2566.6

0.03037 0.03002 0.02970 0.02939 0.02911

0.08080 0.08440 0.08799 0.09156 0.09514

0.11117 0.11442 0.11769 0.12096 0.12424

758.5 753.8 749.2 744.7 740.2

310.1 319.4 328.5 337.2 345.7

1068.5 1073.2 1077.6 1081.9 1085.9

0.9365 0.9326 0.9287 0.9249 0.9212

0.2720 0.2807 0.2892 0.2974 0.3054

1.2086 1.2133 1.2179 1.2223 1.2266

680.0 678.0 676.0 674.0 672.0

670.0 668.0 666.0 664.0 662.0

2532.2 2498.1 2464.4 2431.1 2398.2

0.02884 0.02858 0.02834 0.02811 0.02789

0.09871 0.10229 0.10588 1.10947 0.11306

0.12755 0.13087 0.13421 0.13757 0.14095

735.8 731.5 727.1 722.9 718.8

354.0 362.1 370.0 377.7 385.1

1089.8 1093.5 1097.1 1100.6 1103.9

0.9174 0.9137 0.9100 0.9064 0.9028

0.3133 0.3210 0.3286 0.3361 0.3434

1.2307 1.2347 1.2387 1.2425 1.2462

670.0 668.0 666.0 664.0 662.0

660.0 658.0 656.0 654.0 652.0

2365.7 2333.5 2301.7 2270.3 2239.2

0.02768 0.02748 0.02728 0.02709 0.02691

0.11663 0.12023 0.12387 0.12754 0.13124

0.14431 0.14771 0.15115 0.15463 0.15816

714.9 711.1 707.4 703.7 700.0

392.1 399.0 405.7 412.2 418.7

1107.0 1110.1 1113.1 1115.9 1118.7

0.8995 0.8963 0.8931 0.8899 0.8868

0.3502 0.3570 0.3637 0.3702 0.3767

1.2498 1.2533 1.2567 1.2601 1.2634

660.0 658.0 656.0 654.0 652.0

650.0 648.0 646.0 644.0 642.0

2208.4 2178.1 2148.0 2118.3 2088.9

0.02674 0.02657 0.02641 0.02625 0.02610

0.13499 0.13876 0.14258 0.14644 0.15033

0.16173 0.16534 0.16899 0.17269 0.17643

696.4 692.9 689.4 685.9 682.5

425.0 431.1 437.2 443.1 448.9

1121.4 1124.0 1126.6 1129.0 1131.4

0.8837 0.8806 0.8776 0.8746 0.8716

0.3830 0.3893 0.3954 0.4015 0.4075

1.2667 1.2699 1.2730 1.2761 1.2791

650.0 648.0 646.0 644.0 642.0

640.0 638.0 636.0 634.0 632.0

2059*9 2031.2 2002.8 1974.7 1947.0

0.02595 0.02580 0.02566 0.02553 0.02539

0.15427 0.15824 0.16226 0.16633 0.17044

0.18021 0.18405 0.18792 0.19185 0.19583

679.1 675.8 672.4 669.1 665.9

454.6 460.2 465.7 471.1 476.4

1133.7 1136.0 1138.1 1140.2 1142.2

0.8686 0.8657 0.8628 0.8599 0.8571

0.4134 0.4193 0.4251 0.4307 0.4364

1.2821 1.2850 1.2879 1.2907 1.2934

640.0 638.0 636.0 634.0 632.0

630.0 628.0 626.0 624.0 622.0

1919.5 1892.4 1865.6 1839.0 1812.8

0.02526 0.02514 0.02501 0.02489 0.02477

0.17459 0.17880 0.18306 0.18737 0.19173

0.19986 0.20394 0.20807 0.21226 0.21650

662.7 659.5 656.3 653.1 650.0

481.6 486.7 491.7 496.6 501.5

1144.2 1146.1 1148.0 1149.8 1151.5

0.8542 0.8514 0.8486 0.8458 0.8430

0.4419 0.4474 0.4529 0.4583 0.4636

1.2962 1.2988 1.3015 1.3041 1.3066

630.0 628.0 626.0 624.0 622.0

620.0 618.0 616.0 614.0 612.0

1786.9 1761.2 1735.9 1710.8 1686.1

0.02466 0.02455 0.02444 0.02433 0.02422

0.19615 0.20063 0.20516 0.20976 0.21442

0.22081 0.22517 0.22960 0.23409 0.23865

646.9 643.8 640.8 637.8 634.8

506.3 511.0 515.6 520.2 524.7

1153.2 1154.8 1156.4 1158.0 1159.5

0.8403 0.8375 0.8348 0.8321 0.8294

0.4689 0.4742 0.4794 0.4845 0.4896

1.3092 1.3117 1.3141 1.3166 1.3190

620.0 618.0 616.0 614.0 612.0

610.0 608.0 606.0 604.0 602.0

1661.6 1637.3 1613.4 1589.7 1566.3

0.02412 0.02402 0.02392 0.02382 0.02373

0.21915 0.22394 0.22881 0.23374 0.23875

0.24327 0.24796 0.25273 0.25757 0.26248

631.8 628.8 625.9 622.9 620.0

529.2 533.6 537.9 542.2 546.4

1160.9 1162.4 1163.8 1165.1 1166.4

0.8267 0.8240 0.8214 0.8187 0.8161

0.4947 0.4997 0.5048 0.5097 0.5147

1.3214 1.3238 1.3261 1.3284 1.3307

610.0 608.0 606.0 604.0 602.0

600.0 598.0 596.0 594.0 592.0

1543.2 1520.4 1497.8 1475.4 1453.3

0.02364 0.02354 0.02345 0.02337 0.02328

0.24384 0.24900 0.25425 0.25958 0.26499

0.26747 0.27255 0.27770 0.28294 0.28827

617.1 614.3 611.4 608.6 605.7

550.6 554.7 558.8 562.8 566.8

1167.7 1169.0 1170.2 1171.4 1172.6

0.8134 0.8108 0.8082 0.8056 0.8030

0.5196 0.5245 0.5293 0.5342 0.5390

1.3330 1.3353 1.3375 1.3398 1.3420

600.0 598.0 596.0 594.0 592.0

590.0 588.0 586.0 584.0 582.0

1431.5 1410.0 1388.6 1367.6 1346.7

0.02319 0.02311 0.02303 0.02295 0.02287

0.27049 0.27608 0.28176 0.28753 0.29340

0.29368 0.29919 0.30478 0.31048 0.31627

602.9 600.1 597.3 594.6 591.8

570.8 574.7 578.5 582.4 586.1

1173.7 1174.8 1175.9 1176.9 1178.0

0.8004 0.7978 0.7953 0.7927 0.7902

0.5437 0.5485 0.5532 0.5580 0.5627

1.3442 1.3464 1.3485 1.3507 1.3528

590.0 588.0 586.0 584.0 582.0

580.0

1326.2

0.02279

0.29937

0.32216

589.1

589.9

1179.0

0.7876

0.5673

1.3550

580.0

1.1

Table 1-6.

Temp, °F

Press, psia

Gases and Vapors

19

SATURATED STEAM AND SATURATED WATER (TEMPERATURE) (Continued) Volume, f t 3/lbm

Enthalpy, Btu/lb

Water,

Evap,

Steam,

Water,

Evap,

vf

Vf 9

V9

hf

Entropy, Btu/lbm°F Water,

Evap,

Steam,

h f9

Steam, K

sf

Sf 9

S9

Temp, °F

580.0 578.0 576.0 574.0 572.0

1326.17 1305.84 1285.74 1265.89 1246.26

0.02279 0.02271 0.02264 0.02256 0.02249

0.29937 0.30544 0.31162 0.31790 0.32429

0.32216 0.32816 0.33426 0.34046 0.34678

589.1 586.4 583.7 581.0 578.3

589.9 593.6 597.2 600.9 604.5

1179.0 1179.9 1180.9 1181.8 1182.7

0.7876 0.7851 0.7825 0.7800 0.7775

0.5673 0.5720 0.5766 0.5813 0.5859

1.3550 1.3571 1.3592 1.3613 1.3634

580.0 578.0 576.0 574.0 572.0

570.0 568.0 566.0 564.0 562.0

1226.88 1207.72 1188.80 1170.10 1151.63

0.02242 0.02235 0.02228 0.02221 0.02214

0.33079 0.33741 0.34414 0.35099 0.35797

0.35321 0.35975 0.36642 0.37320 0.38011

575.6 572.9 570.3 567.6 565.0

608.0 611.5 615.0 618.5 621.9

1183.6 1184.5 1185.3 1186.1 1186.9

0.7750 0.7725 0.7699 0.7674 0.7650

0.5905 0.5950 0.5996 0.6041 0.6087

1.3654 1.3675 1.3696 1.3716 1.3736

570.0 568.0 566.0 564.0 562.0

560.0 558.0 556.0 554.0 552.0

1133.38 1115.36 1097.55 1079.96 1062.59

0.02207 0.02201 0.02194 0.02188 0.02182

0.36507 0.37230 0.37966 0.38715 0.39479

0.38714 0.39431 0.40160 0.40903 0.41660

562.4 559.8 557.2 554.6 552.0

625.3 628.6 632.0 635.3 638.5

1187.7 1188.4 1189.2 1189.9 1190.6

0.7625 0.7600 0.7575 0.7550 0.7525

0.6132 0.6177 0.6222 0.6267 0.6311

1.3757 1.3777 1.3797 1.3817 1.3837

560.0 558.0 556.0 554.0 552.0

550.0 548.0 546.0 544.0 542.0

1045.43 1028.49 1011.75 995.22 978.90

0.02176 0.02169 0.02163 0.02157 0.02151

0.40256 0.41048 0.41855 0.42677 0.43514

0.42432 0.43217 0.44018 0.44834 0.45665

549.5 546.9 544.4 541.8 539.3

641.8 645.0 648.1 651.3 654.4

1191.2 1191.9 1192.5 1193.1 1193.7

0.7501 0.7476 0.7451 0.7427 0.7402

0.6356 0.6400 0.6445 0.6489 0.6533

1.3856 1.3876 1.3896 1.3915 1.3935

550.0 548.0 546.0 544.0 542.0

540.0 538.0 536.0 534.0 532.0

962.79 946.88 931.17 915.66 900.34

0.02146 0.02140 0.02134 0.02129 0.02123

0.44367 0.45237 0.46123 0.47026 0.47947

0.46513 0.47377 0.48257 0.49155 0.50070

536.8 534.2 531.7 529.2 526.8

657.5 660.6 663.6 666.6 669.6

1194.3 1194.8 1195.4 ] 195.9 1196.4

0.7378 0.7353 0.7329 0.7304 0.7280

0.6577 0.6621 0.6665 0.6708 0.6752

1.3954 1.3974 1.3993 1,4012 1.4032

540.0 538.0 536.0 534.0 532.0

530.0 528.0 526.0 524.0 522.0

885.23 870.31 855.58 841.04 826.69

0.02118 0.02112 0.02107 0.02102 0.02097

0.48886 0.49843 0.50819 0.51814 0.52829

0.51004 0.51955 0.52926 0.53916 0.54926

524.3 521.8 519.3 516.9 514.4

672.6 675.5 678.4 681.3 684.2

1196.9 1197.3 1197.8 1198.2 1198.6

0.7255 0.7231 0.7206 0.7182 0.7158

0.6796 0.6839 0.6883 0.6926 0.6969

1.4051 1.4070 1.4089 1.4108 1.4127

530.0 528.0 526.0 524.0 522.0

520.0 518.0 516.0 514.0 512.0

812.53 798.55 784.76 771.15 757.72

0.02091 0.02086 0.02081 0.02076 0.02072

0.53864 0.54920 0.55997 0.57096 0.58218

0.55956 0.57006 0.58079 0.59173 0.60289

512.0 509.6 507.1 504.7 502.3

687.0 689.9 692.7 695.4 698.2

1199.0 1199.4 1199.8 1200.2 1200.5

0.7133 0.7109 0.7085 0.7060 0.7036

0.7013 0.7056 0.7099 0.7142 0.7185

1.4146 1.4165 1.4183 1.4202 1.4221

520.0 518.0 516.0 514.0 512.0

510.0 508.0 506.0 504.0 502.0

744.47 731.40 718.50 705.78 693.23

0.02067 0.02062 0.02057 0.02053 0.02048

0.59362 0.60530 0.61722 0.62938 0.64180

0.61429 0.62592 0.63779 0.64991 0.66228

499.9 497.5 495.1 492.7 490.3

700.9 703.7 706.3 709.0 711.7

1200.8 1201.1 1201.4 1201.7 1202.0

0.7012 0.6987 0.6963 0.6939 0.6915

0.7228 0.7271 0.7314 0.7357 0.7400

1.4240 1.4258 1.4277 1.4296 1.4314

510.0 508.0 506.0 504.0 502.0

500.0 498.0 496.0 494.0 492.0

680.86 668.65 656.61 644.73 633.03

0.02043 0.02039 0.02034 0.02030 0.02026

0.65448 0.66743 0.68065 0.69415 0.70794

0.67492 0.68782 0.70100 0.71445 0.72820

487.9 485.6 483.2 480.8 478.5

714.3 716.9 719.5 722.1 724.6

1202.2 1202.5 1202.7 1202.9 1203.1

0.6890 0.6866 0.6842 0.6818 0.6793

0.7443 0.7486 0.7528 0.7571 0.7614

1.4333 1.4352 1.4370 1.4389 1.4407

500.0 498.0 496.0 494.0 492.0

490.0 488.0 486.0 484.0 482.0

621.48 610.10 598.87 587.81 576.90

0.02021 0.02017 0.02013 0.02009 0.02004

0.72203 0.73641 0.75111 0.76613 0.78148

0.74224 0.75658 0.77124 0.78622 0.80152

476.1 473.8 471.5 469.1 466.8

727.2 729.7 732.2 734.7 737.2

1203.3 1203.5 1203.7 1203.8 1204.0

0.6769 0.6745 0.6721 0.6696 0.6672

0.7657 0.7700 0.7742 0.7785 0.7828

1.4426 1.4444 1.4463 1.4481 1.4500

490.0 488.0 486.0 484.0 482.0

480.0 478.0 476.0 474.0 472.0

566.15 555.55 545.11 534.81 524.67

0.02000 0.01996 0.01992 0.01988 0.01984

0.79716 0.81319 0.82958 0.84632 0.86345

0.81717 0.83315 0.84950 0.86621 0.88329

464.5 462.2 459.9 457.5 455.2

739.6 742.1 744.5 746.9 749.3

1204.1 1204.2 1204.3 1204.4 1204.5

0.6648 0.6624 0.6599 0.6575 0.6551

0.7871 0.7913 0.7956 0.7999 0.8042

1.4518 1.4537 1.4555 1.4574 1.4592

480.0 478.0 476.0 474.0 472.0

470.0 468.0 466.0 464.0 462.0

514.67 504.83 495.12 485.56 476.14

0.01980 0.01976 0.01973 0.01969 0.01965

0.88095 0.89885 0.91716 0.93588 0.95504

0.90076 0.91862 0.93689 0.95557 0.97469

452.9 450.7 448.4 446.1 443.8

751.6 754.0 756.3 758.6 761.0

1204.6 1204.6 1204.7 1204.7 1204.8

0.6527 0.6502 0.6478 0.6454 0.6429

0.8084 0.8127 0.8170 0.8213 0.8256

1.4611 1.4629 1.4648 1.4667 1.4685

470.0 468.0 466.0 464.0 462.0

460.0 458.0 456.0 454.0 452.0

466.87 457.73 448.73 439.87 431.14

0.01961 0.01958 0.01954 0.01950 0.01947

0.97463 0.99467 1.01518 1.03616 1.05764

0.99424 1.01425 1.03472 1.05567 1.07711

441.5 439.3 437.0 434.7 432.5

763.2 765.5 767.8 770.0 772.3

1204.8 1204.8 1204.8 1204.8 1204.8

0.6405 0.6381 0.6356 0.6332 0.6308

0.8299 0.8342 0.8385 0.8428 0.8471

1.4704 1.4722 1.4741 1.4759 1.4778

460.0 458.0 456.0 454.0 452.0

450.0 448.0 446.0 444.0 442.0

422.55 414.09 405.76 397.56 389.49

0.01943 0.01940 0.01936 0.01933 0.01929

1.07962 1.10212 1.12515 1.14874 1.17288

1.09905 1.12152 1.14452 1.16806 1.19217

430.2 428.0 425.7 423.5 421.3

774.5 776.7 778.9 781.1 783.2

1204.7 1204.7 1204.6 1204.6 1204.5

0.6283 0.6259 0.6234 0.6210 0.6185

0.8514 0.8557 0.8600 0.8643 0.8686

1.4797 1.4815 1.4834 1.4853 1.4872

450.0 448.0 446.0 444.0 442.0

440.0 438.0 436.0 434.0 432.0

381.54 373.72 366.03 358.46 351.00

0.01926 0.01923 0.01919 0.01916 0.01913

1.19761 1.22293 1.24887 1.27544 1.30266

1.21687 1.24216 1.26806 1.29460 1.32179

419.0 416.8 414.6 412.4 410.1

785.4 787.5 789.7 791.8 793.9

1204.4 1204.3 1204.2 1204.1 1204.0

0.6161 0.6136 0.6112 0.6087 0.6063

0.8729 0.8773 0.8816 0.8859 0.8903

1.4890 1.4909 1.4928 1.4947 1.4966

440.0 438.0 436.0 434.0 432.0

430.0

343.67

0.01909

1.33055

1.34965

407.9

796.0

1203.9

0.6038

0.8946

1.4985

430.0

20

Handbook of Tables for Applied Engineering Science

Table 1-6.

Temp, op

Press, psia

SATURATED STEAM AND SATURATED WATER (TEMPERATURE) (Continued) Volume, ft* /lb m

Enthalpy, Btu/lbm

Water, vf

Evap,

Steam,

Vf 9

Evap,

V9

Water, */

Entropy, Btu/lbm°F Water, sr

Evap,

Steam,

hfg

Steam, h9

Sf9

S9

Temp, °F

430.0 428.0 426.0 424.0 422.0

343.674 336.463 329.369 322.391 315.529

0.01909 0.01906 0.01903 0.01900 0.01897

1.3306 1.3591 1.3884 1.4184 1.4492

1.3496 1.3782 1.4075 1.4374 1.4682

407.9 405.7 403.5 401.3 399.1

796.0 798.0 800.1 802.2 804.2

1203.9 1203.7 1203.6 1203.5 1203.3

0.6038 0.6014 0.5989 0.5964 0.5940

0.8946 0.8990 0.9034 0.9077 0.9121

1.4985 1.5004 1.5023 1.5042 1.5061

430.0 428.0 426.0 424.0 422.0

420.0 418.0 416.0 414.0 412.0

308.780 302.143 295.617 289.201 282.894

0.01894 0.01890 0.01887 0.01884 0.01881

1.4808 1.5131 1.5463 1.5803 1.6152

1.4997 1.5320 1.5651 1.5991 1.6340

396.9 394.7 392.5 390.3 388.1

806.2 808.2 810.2 812.2 814.2

1203.1 1202.9 1202.8 1202.6 1202.4

0.5915 0.5890 0.5866 0.5841 0.5816

0.9165 0.9209 0.9253 0.9297 0.9341

1.5080 1.5099 1.5118 1.5137 1.5157

420.0 418.0 416.0 414.0 412.0

410.0 408.0 406.0 404.0 402.0

276.694 270.600 264.611 258.725 252.942

0.01878 0.01875 0.01872 0.01870 0.01867

1.6510 1.6877 1.7253 1.7640 1.8037

1.6697 1.7064 1.7441 1.7827 1.8223

386.0 383.8 381.6 379.4 377.3

816.2 818.2 820.1 822.0 824.0

1202.1 1201.9 1201.7 1201.5 1201.2

0.5791 0.5766 0.5742 0.5717 0.5692

0.9385 0.9429 0.9473 0.9518 0.9562

1.5176 1.5195 1.5215 1.5234 1.5254

410.0 408.0 406.0 404.0 402.0

400.0 398.0 396.0 394.0 392.0

247.259 241.677 236.193 230.807 225.516

0.01864 0.01861 0.01858 0.01855 0.01853

1.8444 1.8862 1.9291 1.9731 2.0184

1.8630 1.9048 1.9477 1.9917 2.0369

375.1 372.9 370.8 368.6 366.5

825.9 827.8 829.7 831.6 833.4

1201.0 1200.7 1200.4 1200.2 1199.9

0.5667 0.5642 0.5617 0.5592 0.5567

0.9607 0.9651 0.9696 0.9741 0.9786

1.5274 1.5293 1.5313 1.5333 1.5352

400.0 398.0 396.0 394.0 392.0

390.0 388.0 386.0 384.0 382.0

220.321 215.220 210.211 205.294 200.467

0.01850 0.01847 0.01844 0.01842 0.01839

2.0649 2.1126 2.1616 2.2120 2.2638

2.0833 2.1311 2.1801 2.2304 2.2821

364.3 362.2 360.0 357.9 355.7

835.3 837.2 839.0 840.8 842.7

1199.6 1199.3 1199.0 1198.7 1198.4

0.5542 0.5516 0.5491 0.5466 0.5441

0.9831 0.9876 0.9921 0.9966 1.0012

1.5372 1.5392 1.5412 1.5432 1.5452

390.0 388.0 386.0 384.0 382.0

380.0 378.0 376.0 374.0 372.0

195.729 191.080 186.517 182.040 177.648

0.01836 0.01834 0.01831 0.01829 0.01826

2.3170 2.3716 2.4279 2.4857 2.5451

2.3353 2.3900 2.4462 2.5039 2.5633

353.6 351.4 349.3 347.2 345.0

844.5 846.3 848.1 849.8 851.6

1198.0 1197.7 1197.4 1197.0 1196.7

0.5416 0.5390 0.5365 0.5340 0.5314

1.0057 1.0103 1.0148 1.0194 1.0240

1.5473 1.5493 1.5513 1.5534 1.5554

380.0 378.0 376.0 374.0 372.0

370.0 368.0 366.0 364.0 362.0

173.339 169.113 164.968 160.903 156.917

0.01823 0.01821 0.01818 0.01816 0.01813

2.6062 2.6691 2.7337 2.8002 2.8687

2.6244 2.6873 2.7519 2.8184 2.8868

342.9 340.8 338.7 336.5 334.4

853.4 855.1 856.9 858.6 860.4

1196.3 1195.9 1195.6 1195.2 1194.8

0.5289 0.5263 0.5238 0.5212 0.5187

1.0286 1.0332 1.0378 1.0424 1.0471

1.5575 1.5595 1.5616 1.5637 1.5658

370.0 368.0 366.0 364.0 362.0

360.0 358.0 356.0 354.0 352.0

153.010 149.179 145.424 141.744 138.138

0.01811 0.01809 0.01806 0.01804 0.01801

2.9392 3.0117 3.0863 3.1632 3.2423

2.9573 3.0298 3.1044 3.1812 3.2603

332.3 330.2 328.1 326.0 323.9

862.1 863.8 865.5 867.2 868.9

1194.4 1194.0 1193.6 1193.2 1192.7

0.5161 0.5135 0.5110 0.5084 0.5058

1.0517 1.0564 1.0611 1.0658 1.0705

1.5678 1.5699 1.5721 1.5742 1.5763

360.0 358.0 356.0 354.0 352.0

350.0 348.0 346.0 344.0 342.0

134.604 131.142 127.751 124.430 121.177

0.01799 0.01797 0.01794 0.01792 0.01790

3.3238 3.4078 3.4943 3.5834 3.6752

3.3418 3.4258 3.5122 3.6013 3.6931

321.8 319.7 317.6 315.5 313.4

870.6 872.2 873.9 875.5 877.2

1192.3 1191.9 1191.4 1191.0 1190.5

0.5032 0.5006 0.4980 0.4954 0.4928

1.0752 1.0799 1.0847 1.0894 1.0942

1.5784 1.5806 1.5827 1.5849 1.5871

350.0 348.0 346.0 344.0 342.0

340.0 338.0 336.0 334.0 332.0

117.992 114.873 111.820 108.832 105.907

0.01787 0.01785 0.01783 0.01781 0.01779

3.7699 3.8675 3.9681 4.0718 4.1788

3.7878 3.8853 3.9859 4.0896 4.1966

311.3 309.2 307.1 305.0 302.9

878.8 880.5 882.1 883.7 885.3

1190.1 1189.6 1189.1 1188.7 1188.2

0.4902 0.4876 0.4850 0.4824 0.4798

1.0990 1.1038 1.1086 1.1134 1.1183

1.5892 1.5914 1.5936 1.5958 1.5981

340.0 338.0 336.0 334.0 332.0

330.0 328.0 326.0 324.0 322.0

103.045 100.245 97.506 94.826 92.205

0.01776 0.01774 0.01772 0.01770 0.01768

4.2892 4.4030 4.5205 4.6418 4.7669

4.3069 4.4208 4.5382 4.6595 4.7846

300.8 298.7 296.6 294.6 292.5

886.9 888.5 890.1 891.6 893.2

1187.7 1187.2 1186.7 1186.2 1185.7

0.4772 0.4745 0.4719 0.4692 0.4666

1.1231 1.1280 1.1329 1.1378 1.1427

1.6003 1.6025 1.6048 1.6071 1.6093

330.0 328.0 326.0 324.0 322.0

320.0 318.0 316.0 314.0 312.0

89.643 87.137 84.688 82.293 79.953

0.01766 0.01764 0.01761 0.01759 0.01757

4.8961 5.0295 5.1673 5.3096 5.4566

4.9138 5.0471 5.1849 5.3272 5.4742

290.4 288.3 286.3 284.2 282.1

894.8 896.3 897.9 899.4 901.0

1185.2 1184.7 1184.1 1183.6 1183.1

0.4640 0.4613 0.4586 0.4560 0.4533

1.1477 1.1526 1.1576 1.1626 1.1676

1.6116 1.6139 1.6162 1.6185 1.6209

320.0 318.0 316.0 314.0 312.0

310.0 308.0 306.0 304.0 302.0

77.667 75.433 73.251 71.119 69.038

0.01755 0.01753 0.01751 0.01749 0.01747

5.6085 5.7655 5.9277 6.0955 6.2689

5.6260 5.7830 5.9452 6.1130 6.2864

280.0 278.0 275.9 273.8 271.8

902.5 904.0 905.5 907.0 908.5

1182.5 1182.0 1181.4 1180.9 1180.3

0.4506 0.4479 0.4453 0.4426 0.4399

1.1726 1.1776 1.1827 1.1877 1.1928

1.6232 1.6256 1.6279 1.6303 1.6327

310.0 308.0 306.0 304.0 302.0

300.0 298.0 296.0 294.0 292.0

67.005 65.021 63.084 61.194 59.350

0.01745 0.01743 0.01741 0.01739 0.01738

6.4483 6.6339 6.8259 7.0245 7.2301

6.4658 6.6513 6.8433 7.0419 7.2475

269.7 267.7 265.6 263.5 261.5

910.0 911.5 913.0 914.5 915.9

1179.7 1 1795 1178.6 1178.0 1177.4

0.4372 0.4345 0.4317 0.4290 0.4263

1.1979 1.2031 1.2082 1.2134 1.2186

1.6351 1.6375 1.6400 1.6424 1.6449

300.0 298.0 296.0 294.0 292.0

290.0 288.0 286.0 284.0 282.0

57.550 55.795 54.083 52.414 50.786

0.01736 0.01734 0.01732 0.01730 0.01728

7.4430 7.6634 7.8916 8.1280 8.3729

7.4603 7.6807 7.9089 8.1453 8.3902

259.4 257.4 255.3 253.3 251.2

917.4 918.8 920.3 921.7 923.2

1176.8 1176.2 1175.6 1175.0 1174.4

0.4236 0.4208 0.4181 0.4154 0.4126

1.2238 1.2290 1.2342 1.2395 1.2448

1.6473 1.6498 1.6523 1.6548 1.6574

290.0 288.0 286.0 284.0 282.0

280.0

49.200

0.01726

8.6267

8.6439

249.2

924.6

1173.8

0.4098

1.2501

1.6599

280.0

1.1

Table 1-6.

Press, psia

280.0 278.0 276.0 274.0 272.0

21

SATURATED STEAM AND SATURATED WATER (TEMPERATURE) ( Continued) Volume, f t z/lbm

Temp, °F

Gases and Vapors

Entropy, Btu/lbm, °F

Enthalpy, Btu/lbm

Temp, oF

Water, vf

Evap, vfa

Steam, V9

Water, V

Evap, hf9

Steam, K

Water, sf

Evap, Sf9

Steam, S9

49.200 47.653 46.147 44.678 43.249

0.017264 0.017246 0.017228 0.017210 0.017193

8.627 8.890 9.162 9.445 9.738

8.644 8.907 9.180 9.462 9.755

249.17 247.13 245.08 243.03 240.99

924.6 926.0 927.5 928.9 930.3

1173.8 1173.2 1172.5 1171.9 1171.3

0.4098 0.4071 0.4043 0.4015 0.3987

1.2501 1.2554 1.2607 1.2661 1.2715

1.6599 1.6625 1.6650 1.6676 1.6702

280.0 278.0 276.0 274.0 272.0

270.0 268.0 266.0 264.0 262.0

41.856 40.500 39.179 37.894 36.644

0.017175 0.017157 0.017140 0.017123 0.017106

10.042 10.358 10.685 11.025 11.378

10.060 10.375 10.703 11.042 11.395

238.95 236.91 234.87 232.83 230.79

931.7 933.1 934.5 935.9 937.3

1170.6 1170.0 1169.3 1168.7 1168.0

0.3960 0.3932 0.3904 0.3876 0.3847

1.2769 1.2823 T.2878 1.2933 1.2988

1.6729 1.6755 1.6781 1.6808 1.6835

270.0 268.0 266.0 264.0 262.0

260.0 258.0 256.0 254.0 252.0

35.427 34.243 33.091 31.972 30.883

0.017089 0.017072 0.017055 0.017039 0.017022

11.745 12.125 12.520 12.931 13.358

11.762 12.142 12.538 12.948 13.375

228.76 226.72 224.69 222.65 220.62

938.6 940.0 941.4 942.7 944.1

1167.4 1166.7 1166.1 1165.4 1164.7

0.3819 0.3791 0.3763 0.3734 0.3706

1.3043 1.3098 1.3154 1.3210 1.3266

1.6862 1.6889 1.6917 1.6944 1.6972

260.0 258.0 256.0 254.0 252.0

250.0 248.0 246.0 244.0 242.0

29.825 28.796 27.797 26.826 25.883

0.017006 0.016990 0.016974 0.016958 0.016942

13.802 14.264 14.744 15.243 15.763

13.819 14.281 14.761 15.260 15.780

218.59 216.56 214.53 212.50 210.48

945.4 946.8 948.1 949.5 950.8

1164.0 1163.4 1162.7 1162.0 1161.3

0.3677 0.3649 0.3620 0.3591 0.3562

1.3323 1.3379 1.3436 1.3494 1.3551

1.7000 1.7028 1.7056 1.7085 1.7113

250.0 248.0 246.0 244.0 242.0

240.0 238.0 236.0 234.0 232.0

24.968 24.079 23.216 22.379 21.567

0.016926 0.016910 0.016895 0.016880 0.016864

16.304 16.867 17.454 18.065 18.701

16.321 16.884 17.471 18.082 18.718

208.45 206.42 204.40 202.38 200.35

952.1 953.5 954.8 956.1 957.4

1160.6 1159.9 1159.2 1158.5 1157.8

0.3533 0.3505 0.3476 0.3446 0.3417

1.3609 1.3667 1.3725 1.3784 1.3842

1.7142 1.7171 1.7201 1.7230 1.7260

240.0 238.0 236.0 234.0 232.0

230.0 229.0 228.0 227.0 226.0

20.779 20.394 20.015 19.642 19.274

0.016849 0.016842 0.016834 0.016827 0.016819

19.364 19.707 20.056 20.413 20.777

19.381 19.723 20.073 20.429 20.794

198.33 197.32 196.31 195.30 194.29

958.7 959.4 960.0 960.7 961.3

1157.1 1156.7 1156.3 1156.0 1155.6

0.3388 0.3373 0.3359 0.3344 0.3329

1.3902 1.3931 1.3961 1.3991 1.4021

1.7290 1.7305 1.7320 1.7335 1.7350

230.0 229.0 228.0 227.0 226.0

225.0 224.0 223.0 222.0 221.0

18.912 18.556 18.206 17.860 17.521

0.016812 0.016805 0.016797 0.016790 0.016783

21.149 21.529 21.917 22.313 22.718

21.166 21.545 21.933 22.330 22.735

193.28 192.27 191.26 190.25 189.24

962.0 962.6 963.3 963.9 964.6

1155.3 1154.9 1154.5 1154.2 1153.8

0.3315 0.3300 0.3285 0.3270 0.3255

1.4051 1.4081 1.4111 1.4141 1.4171

1.7365 1.7380 1.7396 1.7411 1.7427

225.0 224.0 223.0 222.0 221.0

220.0 219.0 218.0 217.0 216.0

17.186 16.857 16.533 16.214 15.901

0.016775 0.016768 0.016761 0.016754 0.016747

23.131 23.554 23.986 24.427 24.878

23.148 23.571 24.002 24.444 24.894

188.23 187.22 186.21 185.21 184.20

965.2 965.8 966.5 967.1 967.8

1153.4 1153.1 1152.7 1152.3 1152.0

0.3241 0.3226 0.3211 0.3196 0.3181

1.4201 1.4232 1.4262 1.4293 1.4323

1.7442 1.7458 1.7473 1.7489 1.7505

220.0 219.0 218.0 217.0 216.0

215.0 214.0 213.0 212.0 211.0

15.592 15.289 14.990 14.696 14.407

0.016740 0.016733 0.016726 0.016719 0.016712

25.338 25.809 26.290 26.782 27.285

25.355 25.826 26.307 26.799 27.302

183.19 182.18 181.17 180.17 179.16

968.4 969.0 969.7 970.3 970.9

1151.6 1151.2 1150.8 1150.5 1150.1

0.3166 0.3151 0.3136 0.3121 0.3106

1.4354 1.4385 1.4416 1.4447 1.4478

1.7520 1.7536 1.7552 1.7568 1.7584

215.0 214.0 213.0 212.0 211.0

210.0 209.0 208.0 207.0 206.0

14.123 13.843 13.568 13.297 13.031

0.016705 0.016698 0.016691 0.016684 0.016677

27.799 28.324 28.862 29.411 29.973

27.816 28.341 28.878 29.428 29.989

178.15 177.14 176.14 175.13 174.12

971.6 972.2 972.8 973.5 974.1

1149.7 1149.4 1149.0 1148.6 1148.2

0.3091 0.3076 0.3061 0.3046 0.3031

1.4509 1.4540 1.4571 1.4602 1.4634

1.7600 1.7616 1.7632 1.7649 1.7665

210.0 209.0 208.0 207.0 206.0

205.0 204.0 203.0 202.0 201.0

12.770 12.512 12.259 12.011 11.766

0.016670 0.016664 0.016657 0.016650 0.016643

30.547 31.135 31.736 32.350 32.979

30.564 31.151 31.752 32.367 32.996

173.12 172.11 171.10 170.10 169.09

974.7 975.4 976.0 976.6 977.2

1147.9 1147.5 1147.1 1146.7 1146.3

0.3016 0.3001 0.2986 0.2971 0.2955

1.4665 1.4697 1.4728 1.4760 1.4792

1.7681 1.7698 1.7714 1.7731 1.7747

205.0 204.0 203.0 202.0 201.0

200.0 199.0 198.0 197.0 196.0

11.526 11.290 11.058 10.830 10.605

0.016637 0.016630 0.016624 0.016617 0.016611

33.622 34.280 34.954 35.643 36.348

33.639 34.297 34.970 35.659 36.364

168.09 167.08 166.08 165.07 164.06

977.9 978.5 979.1 979.7 980.4

1146.0 1145.6 1145.2 1144.8 1144.4

0.2940 0.2925 0.2910 0.2894 0.2879

1.4824 1.4856 1.4888 1.4920 1.4952

1.7764 1.7781 1.7798 1.7814 1.7831

200.0 199.0 198.0 197.0 196.0

195.0 194.0 193.0 192.0 191.0

10.385 10.168 9.956 9.747 9.541

0.016604 0.016598 0.016591 0.016585 0.016578

37.069 37.808 38.564 39.337 40.130

37.086 37.824 38.580 39.354 40.146

163.06 162.05 161.05 160.05 159.04

981.0 981.6 982.2 982.8 983.5

1144.0 1143.7 1143.3 1142.9 1142.5

0.2864 0.2848 0.2833 0.2818 0.2802

1.4985 1.5017 1.5050 1.5082 1.5115

1.7848 1.7865 1.7882 1.7900 1.7917

195.0 194.0 193.0 192.0 191.0

190.0 189.0 188.0 187.0 186.0

9.340 9.141 8.947 8.756 8.568

0.016572 0.016566 0.016559 0.016553 0.016547

40.941 41.771 42.621 43.492 44.383

40.957 41.787 42.638 43.508 44:400

158.04 157.03 156.03 155.02 154.02

984.1 984.7 985.3 985.9 986.5

1142.1 1141.7 1141.3 1140.9 1140.5

0.2787 0.2771 0.2756 0.2740 0.2725

1.5148 1.5180 1.5213 1.5246 1.5279

1.7934 1.7952 1.7969 1.7987 1.8004

190.0 189.0 188.0 187.0 186.0

185.0 184.0 183.0 182.0 181.0

8.384 8.203 8.025 7.850 7.679

0.016541 0.016534 0.016528 0.016522 0.016516

45.297 46.232 47.190 48.172 49.178

45.313 46.249 47.207 48.189 49.194

153.02 152.01 151.01 150.01 149.00

987.1 987.8 988.4 989.0 989.6

1140.2 1139.8 1139.4 1139.0 1138.6

0.2709 0.2694 0.2678 0.2662 0.2647

1.5313 1.5346 1.5379 1.5413 1.5446

1.8022 1.8040 1.8057 1.8075 1.8093

185.0 184.0 183.0 182.0 181.0

180.0

7.511

0.016510

50.208

50.225

148.00

990.2

1138.2

0.2631

1.5480

1.8111

|

180.0

22

Handbook of Tables for Applied Engineering Science

Table 1-6.

SATURATED STEAM AND SATURATED WATER (TEMPERATURE) ( Continued) Volume, f t 3/lbm

Temp, °F

Press, psia

180.0 179.0 178.0 177.0 176.0

Enthalpy, Btu/lbm

Entropy, Btullbm °F Temp, °F

Water, vf

Evap, vfe

Steam, V9

Water, hf

Evap,

Steam, K

Water, sf

Evap, sfg

Steam, se

7.5110 7.3460 7.1840 7.0250 6.8690

0.016510 0.016504 0.016498 0.016492 0.016486

50.21 51.26 52.35 53.46 54.59

50.22 51.28 52.36 53.47 54.61

148.00 147.00 145.99 144.99 143.99

990.2 990.8 991.4 992.0 992.6

1138.2 1137.8 1137.4 1137.0 1136.6

0.2631 0.2615 0.2600 0.2584 0.2568

1.5480 1.5514 1.5548 1.5582 1.5616

1.8111 1.8129 1.8147 1.8166 1.8184

180.0 179.0 178.0 177.0 176.0

175.0 174.0 173.0 172.0 171.0

6.7159 6.5656 6.4182 6.2736 6.1318

0.016480 0.016474 0.016468 0.016463 0.016457

55.76 56.95 58.18 59.43 60.72

55.77 56.97 58.19 59.45 60.74

142.99 141.98 140.98 139.98 138.98

993.2 993.8 994.4 995.0 995.6

1136.2 1135.8 1135.4 1135.0 1134.6

0.2552 0.2537 0.2521 0.2505 0.2489

1.5650 1.5684 1.5718 1.5753 1.5787

1.8202 1.8221 1.8239 1.8258 1.8276

175.0 174.0 173.0 172.0 171.0

170.0 169.0 168.0 167.0 166.0

5.9926 5.8562 5.7223 5.5911 5.4623

0.016451 0.016445 0.016440 0.016434 0.016428

62.04 63.39 64.78 66.21 67.67

62.06 63.41 64.80 66.22 67.68

137.97 136.97 135.97 134.97 133.97

996.2 996.8 997.4 998.0 998.6

1134.2 1133.8 1133.4 1133.0 1132.6

0.2473 0.2457 0.2441 0.2425 0.2409

1.5822 1.5857 1.5892 1.5926 1.5961

1.8295 1.8314 1.8333 1.8352 1.8371

170.0 169.0 168.0 167.0 166.0

165.0 164.0 163.0 162.0 161.0

5.3361 5.2124 5.0911 4.9722 4.8556

0.016423 0.016417 0.016412 0.016406 0.016401

69.17 70.70 72.28 73.90 75.56

69.18 70.72 72.30 73.92 75.58

132.96 131.96 130.96 129.96 128.96

999.2 999.8 1000.4 1001.0 1001.6

1132.2 1131.8 1131.4 1131.0 1130.6

0.2393 0.2377 0.2361 0.2345 0.2329

1.5997 1.6032 1.6067 1.6103 1.6138

1.8390 1.8409 1.8428 1.8448 1.8467

165.0 164.0 163.0 162.0 161.0

160.0 159.0 158.0 157.0 156.0

4.7414 4.6294 4.5197 4.4122 4.3068

0.016395 0.016390 0.016384 0.016379 0.016374

77.27 79.02 80.82 82.66 84.56

77.29 79.04 80.83 82.68 84.57

127.96 126.96 125.96 124.95 123.95

1002.2 1002.8 1003.4 1004.0 1004.6

1130.2 1129.8 1129.4 1129.0 1128.6

0.2313 0.2297 0.2281 0.2264 0.2248

1.6174 1.6210 1.6245 1.6281 1.6318

1.8487 1.8506 1.8526 1.8546 1.8566

160.0 159.0 158.0 157.0 156.0

155.0 154.0 153.0 152.0 151.0

4.2036 4.1025 4.0035 3.9065 3.8114

0.016369 0.016363 0.016358 0.016353 0.016348

86.50 88.50 90.55 92.66 94.83

86.52 88.52 90.57 92.68 94.84

122.95 121.95 120.95 119.95 118.95

1005.2 1005.8 1006.4 1007.0 1007.6

1128.2 1127.7 1127.3 1126.9 1126.5

0.2232 0.2216 0.2199 0.2183 0.2167

1.6354 1.6390 1.6426 1.6463 1.6500

1.8586 1.8606 1.8626 1.8646 1.8666

155.0 154.0 153.0 152.0 151.0

150.0 149.0 148.0 147.0 146.0

3.7184 3.6273 3.5381 3.4508 3.3653

0.016343 0.016337 0.016332 0.016327 0.016322

97.05 99.33 101.68 104.10 106.58

97.07 99.35 101.70 104.11 106.59

117.95 116.95 115.95 114.95 113.95

1008.2 1008.7 1009.3 1009.9 1010.5

1126.1 1125.7 1125.3 1124.9 1124.5

0.2150 0.2134 0.2117 0.2101 0.2084

1.6536 1.6573 1.6610 1.6647 1.6684

1.8686 1.8707 1.8727 1.8748 1.8769

150.0 149.0 148.0 147.0 146.0

145.0 144.0 143.0 142.0 141.0

3.2816 3.1997 3.1195 3.0411 2.9643

0.016317 0.016312 0.016308 0.016303 0.016298

109.12 111.74 114.44 117.21 120.05

109.14 111.76 114.45 117.22 120.07

112.95 111.95 110.95 109.95 108.95

1011.1 1011.7 1012.3 1012.9 1013.4

1124.0 1123.6 1123.2 1122.8 1122.4

0.2068 0.2051 0.2035 0.2018 0.2001

J .6722 1.6759 1.6797 1.6834 1.6872

1.8789 1.8810 1.8831 1.8852 1.8873

145.0 144.0 143.0 142.0 141.0

140.0 139.0 138.0 137.0 136.0

2.8892 2.8157 2.7438 2.6735 2.6047

0.016293 0.016288 0.016284 0.016279 0.016274

122.98 125.99 129.09 132.28 135.55

123.00 126.01 129.11 132.29 135.57

107.95 106.95 105.95 104.95 103.95

1014.0 1014.6 1015.2 1015.8 1016.4

1122.0 1121.6 1121.1 1120.7 1120.3

0.1985 0.1968 0.1951 0.1935 0.1918

1.6910 1.6948 1.6986 1.7024 1.7063

1.8895 1.8916 1.8937 1.8959 1.8980

140.0 139.0 138.0 137.0 136.0

135.0 134.0 133.0 132.0 131.0

2.5375 2.4717 2.4074 2.3445 2.2830

0.016270 0.016265 0.016260 0.016256 0.016251

138.93 142.40 145.97 149.64 153.42

138.94 142.41 145.98 149.66 153.44

102.95 101.95 100.95 99.95 98.95

1016.9 1017.5 1018.1 1018.7 1019.3

1119.9 1119.5 1119.1 1118.6 1118.2

0.1901 0.1884 0.1867 0.1851 0.1834

1.7101 1.7140 1.7178 1.7217 1.7256

1.9002 1.9024 1.9046 1.9068 1.9090

135.0 134.0 133.0 132.0 131.0

130.0 129.0 128.0 127.0 126.0

2.2230 2.1642 2.1068 2.0507 1.9959

0.016247 0.016243 0.016238 0.016234 0.016229

157.32 161.32 165.45 169.70 174.08

157.33 161.34 165.47 169.72 174.09

97.96 96.96 95.96 94.96 93.96

1019.8 1020.4 1021.0 1021.6 1022.2

1117.8 1117.4 1117.0 1116.5 1116.1

0.1817 0.1800 0.1783 0.1766 0.1749

1.7295 1.7335 1.7374 1.7413 1.7453

1.9112 1.9134 1.9157 1.9179 1.9202

130.0 129.0 128.0 127.0 126.0

125.0 124.0 123.0 122.0 121.0

1.9424 1.8901 1.8390 1.7891 1.7403

0.016225 0.016221 0.016217 0.016213 0.016208

178.58 183.23 188.01 192.94 198.01

178.60 183.24 188.03 192.95 198.03

92.96 91.96 90.96 89.96 88.96

1022.7 1023.3 1023.9 1024.5 1025.0

1115.7 1115.3 1114.9 1114.4 1114.0

0.1732 0.1715 0.1697 0.1680 0.1663

1.7493 1.7533 1.7573 1.7613 1.7653

1.9224 1.9247 1.9270 1.9293 1.9316

125.0 124.0 123.0 122.0 121.0

120.0 119.0 118.0 117.0 116.0

1.6927 1.6463 1.6009 1.5566 1.5133

0.016204 0.016200 0.016196 0.016192 0.016188

203.25 208.64 214.20 219.93 225.84

203.26 208.66 214.21 219.94 225.85

87.97 86.97 85.97 84.97 83.97

1025.6 1026.2 1026.8 1027.3 1027.9

1113.6 1113.2 1112.7 1112.3 1111.9

0.1646 0.1629 0.1611 0.1594 0.1577

1.7693 1.7734 1.7774 1.7815 1.7856

1.9339 1.9362 1.9386 1.9409 1.9433

120.0 119.0 118.0 117.0 116.0

115.0 114.0 113.0 112.0 111.0

1.4711 1.4299 1.3898 1.3505 1.3123

0.016184 0.016180 0.016177 0.016173 0.016169

231.93 238.21 244.69 251.37 258.26

231.94 238.22 244.70 251.38 258.28

82.97 81.97 80.98 79.98 78.98

1028.5 1029.1 1029.6 1030.2 1030.8

1111.5 1111.0 1110.6 1110.2 1109.8

0.1559 0.1542 0.1525 0.1507 0.1490

1.7897 1.7938 1.7980 1.8021 1.8063

1.9457 1.9480 1.9504 1.9528 1.9552

115.0 114.0 113.0 112.0 111.0

110.0 109.0 108.0 107.0 106.0

1.2750 1.2385 1.2030 1.1684 1.1347

0.016165 0.016162 0.016158 0.016154 0.016151

265.37 272.71 280.28 288.09 296.16

265.39 272.72 280.30 288.11 296.18

77.98 76.98 75.98 74.99 73.99

1031.4 1031.9 1032.5 1033.1 1033.6

1109.3 1108.9 1108.5 1108.1 1107.6

0.1472 0.1455 0.1437 0.1419 0.1402

1.8105 1.8146 1.8188 1.8231 1.8273

1.9577 1.9601 1.9626 1.9650 1.9675

110.0 109.0 108.0 107.0 106.0

105.0

1.1017

0.016147

304.49

304.50

72.99

1034.2

1107.2

0.1384

1.8315

1.9700

105.0

1.1

Table 1-6.

Gases and Vapors

23

SATURATED STEAM AND SATURATED WATER (TEMPERATURE) ( Continued) Volume, f t 3/lb m

Enthalpy, Btu/lhm

Entropy, Btu/lbm F

Temp, ZF

psia

Water, vf

Evap, Vf9

Steam, V9

Water, hr

Evap, */.

Steam, K

Water, sf

Evap, sn

Steam, S9

CF

105.0 104.0 103.0 102.0 101.0

1.10174 1.06965 1.03838 1.00789 0.97818

0.016147 0.016144 0.016140 0.016137 0.016133

304.5 313.1 322.0 331.1 340.6

304.5 313.1 322.0 331.1 340.6

72.990 71.992 70.993 69.995 68.997

1034.2 1034.8 1035.4 1035.9 1036.5

1107.2 1106.8 1106.3 1105.9 1105.5

0.1384 0.1366 0.1349 0.1331 0.1313

1.8315 1.8358 1.8401 1.8444 1.8487

1.9700 1.9725 1.9750 1.9775 1.9800

105.0 104.0 103.0 102.0 101.0

100.0 99.0 98.0 97.0 96.0

0.94924 0.92103 0.89356 0.86679 0.84072

0.016130 0.016127 0.016123 0.016120 0.016117

350.4 360.5 370.9 381.7 392.8

350.4 360.5 370.9 381.7 392.9

67.999 67.001 66.003 65.005 64.006

1037.1 1037.6 1038.2 1038.8 1039.3

1105.1 1104.6 1104.2 1103.8 1103.3

0.1295 0.1278 0.1260 0.1242 0.1224

1.8530 1.8573 1.8617 1.8660 1.8704

1.9825 1.9851 1.9876 1.9902 1.9928

100.0 99.0 98.0 | 97.0 96.0

95.0 94:0 93;0 92.0 91.0

0.81534 0.79062 0.76655 0.74313 0.72032

0.016114 0.016111 0.016108 0.016105 0.016102

404.4 416.3 428.6 441.3 454.5

404.4 416.3 428.6 441.3 454.5

63.008 62.010 61.012 60.014 59.016

1039.9 1040.5 1041.0 1041.6 1042.2

1102.9 1102.5 1102.1 1101.6 1101.2

0.1206 0.1188 0.1170 0.1152 0.1134

1.8748 1.8792 1.8837 1.8881 1.8926

1.9954 1.9980 2.0006 2.0033 2.0059

95.0 94.0 93.0 92.0 91.0

90.0 89.0 88.0 87.0 86.0

0.69813 0.67653 0.65551 0.63507 0.61518

0.016099 0.016096 0.016093 0.016090 0.016087

468.1 482.2 496.8 511.9 527.5

468.1 482.2 496.8 511.9 527.5

58.018 57.020 56.022 55.024 54.026

1042.7 1043.3 1043.9 1044.4 1045.0

1100.8 1100.3 1099.9 1099.5 1099.0

0.1115 0.1097 0.1079 0.1061 0.1043

1.8970 1.9015 1.9060 1.9105 1.9151

2.0086 2.0112 2.0139 2.0166 2.0193

90.0 89.0 88.0 87.0 86.0

85.0 84.0 83.0 82.0 81.0

0.59583 0.57702 0.55872 0.54093 0.52364

0.016085 0.016082 0.016079 0.016077 0.016074

543.6 560.3 577.6 595.5 614.1

543.6 560.3 577.6 595.6 614.1

53.027 52.029 51.031 50.033 49.035

1045.6 1046.1 1046.7 1047.3 1047.8

1098.6 1098.2 1097.7 1097.3 1096.9

0.1024 0.1006 0.0988 0.0969 0.0951

1.9196 1.9242 1.9288 1.9334 1.9380

2.0221 2.0248 2.0275 2.0303 2.0331

85.0 84.0 83.0 82.0 81.0

80.0 79.0 78.0 77.0 76.0

0.50683 0.49049 0.47461 0.45919 0.44420

0.016072 0.016070 0.016067 0.016065 0.016063

633.3 653.2 673.8 695.2 717.4

633.3 653.2 673.9 695.2 717.4

48.037 47.038 46.040 45.042 44.043

1048.4 1049.0 1049.5 1050.1 1050.7

1096.4 1096.0 1095.6 1095.1 1094.7

0.0932 0.0914 0.0895 0.0877 0.0858

1.9426 1.9473 1.9520 1.9567 1.9614

2.0359 2.0387 2.0415 2.0443 2.0472

80.0 79.0 78.0 77.0 76.0

75.0 74.0 73.0 72.0 71.0

0.42964 0.41550 0.40177 0.38844 0.37549

0.016060 0.016058 0.016056 0.016054 0.016052

740.3 764.1 788.8 814.3 840.8

740.3 764.1 788.8 814.3 840.9

43.045 42.046 41.048 40.049 39.050

1051.2 1051.8 1052.4 1052.9 1053.5

1094.3 1093.8 1093.4 1093.0 1092.5

0.0839 0.0821 0.0802 0.0783 0.0764

1.9661 1.9708 1.9756 1.9804 1.9852

2.0500 2.0529 2.0558 2.0587 2.0616

75.0 74.0 73.0 72.0 71.0

70.0 69.0 68.0 67.0 66.0

0.36292 0.35073 0.33889 0.32740 0.31626

0.016050 0.016048 0.016046 0.016044 0.016043

868.3 896.9 926.5 957.2 989.0

868.4 896.9 926.5 957.2 989.1

38.052 37.053 36.054 35.055 34.056

1054.0 1054.6 1055.2 1055.7 1056.3

1092.1 1091.7 1091.2 1090.8 1090.4

0.0745 0.0727 0.0708 0.0689 0.0670

1.9900 1.9948 1.9996 2.0045 2.0094

2.0645 2.0675 2.0704 2.0734 2.0764

70.0 69.0 68.0 67.0 66.0

65.0 64.0 63.0 62.0 61.0

0.30545 0.29497 0.28480 0.27494 0.26538

0.016041 0.016039 0.016038 0.016036 0.016035

1022.1 1056.5 1092.1 1129.2 1167.6

1022.1 1056.5 1092.1 1129.2 1167.6

33.057 32.058 31.058 30.059 29.059

1056.9 1057.4 1058.0 1058.5 1059.1

1089.9 1089.5 1089.0 1088.6 1088.2

0.0651 0.0632 0.0613 0.0593 0.0574

2.0143 2.0192 2.0242 2.0291 2.0341

2.0794 2.0824 2.0854 2.0885 2.0915

65.0 64.0 63.0 62.0 61.0

60.0 59.0 58.0 57.0 56.0

0.25611 0.24713 0.23843 0.23000 0.22183

0.016033 0.016032 0.016031 0.016029 0.016028

1207.6 1249.1 1292.2 1337.0 1383.6

1207.6 1249.1 1292.2 1337.0 1383.6

28.060 27.060 26.060 25.060 24.059

1059.7 1060.2 1060.8 1061.4 1061.9

1087.7 1087.3 1086.9 1086.4 1086.0

0.0555 0.0536 0.0516 0.0497 0.0478

2.0391 2.0441 2.0491 2.0542 2.0593

2.0946 2.0977 2.1008 2.1039 2.1070

60.0 59.0 58.0 57.0 56.0

55.0 54.0 53.0 52.0 51.0

0.21392 0.20625 0.19883 0.19165 0.18469

0.016027 0.016026 0.016025 0.016024 0.016023

1432.0 1482.4 1534.7 1589.2 1645.9

1432.0 1482.4 1534.8 1589.2 1645.9

23.059 22.058 21.058 20.057 19.056

1062.5 1063.1 1063.6 1064.2 1064.7

1085.6 1085.1 1084.7 1084.2 1083.8

0.0458 0.0439 0.0419 0.0400 0.0380

2.0644 2.0695 2.0746 2.0798 2.0849

2.1102 2.1134 2.1165 2.1197 2.1230

55.0 54.0 53.0 52.0 51.0

50.0 49.0 48.0 47.0 46.0

0.17796 0.17144 0.16514 0.15904 0.15314

0.016023 0.016022 0.016021 0.016021 0.016020

1704.8 1766.2 1830.0 1896.5 1965.7

1704.8 1766.2 1830.0 1896.5 1965.7

18.054 17.053 16.051 15.049 14.047

1065.3 1065.9 1066.4 1067.0 1067.6

1083.4 1082.9 1082.5 1082.1 1081.6

0.0361 0.0341 0.0321 0.0301 0.0282

2.0901 2.0953 2.1006 2.1058 2.1111

2.1262 2.1294 2.1327 2.1360 2.1393

50.0 49.0 48.0 47.0 46.0

45.0 44.0 43.0 42.0 41.0

0.14744 0.14192 0.13659 0.13143 0.12645

0.016020 0.016019 0.016019 0.016019 0.016019

2037.7 2112.8 2191.0 2272.4 2357.3

2037.8 2112.8 2191.0 2272.4 2357.3

13.044 12.041 11.038 10.035 9.031

1068.1 1068.7 1069.3 1069.8 1070.4

1081.2 1080.7 1080.3 1079.9 1079.4

0.0262 0.0242 0.0222 0.0202 0.0182

2.1164 2.1217 2.1271 2.1325 2.1378

2.1426 2.1459 2.1493 2.1527 2.1560

45.0 44.0 43.0 42.0 41.0

40.0 39.0 38.0 37.0 36.0

0.12163 0.11698 0.11249 0.10815 0.10395

0.016019 0.016019 0.016019 0.016019 0.016020

2445.8 2538.0 2634.1 2734.4 2839.0

2445.8 2538.0 2634.2 2734.4 2839.0

8.027 7.023 6.018 5.013 4.008

1071.0 1071.5 1072.1 1072.7 1073.2

1079.0 1078.5 1078.1 1077.7 1077.2

0.0162 0.0142 0.0122 0.0101 0.0081

2.1432 2.1487 2.1541 2.1596 2.1651

2.1594 2.1629 2.1663 2.1697 2.1732

40.0 39.0 38.0 37.0 36.0

35.0 34.0 33.0 32.018 *32.0

0.09991 0.09600 0.09223 0.08865 0.08859

0.016020 0.016021 0.016021 0.016022 0.016022

2948.1 3061.9 3180.7 3302.4 3304.7

2948.1 3061.9 3180.7 3302.4 3304.7

3.002 1.996 0.989 0.0003 -0 .0 1 7 9

1073.8 1074.4 1074.9 1075.5 1075.5

1076.8 1076.4 1075.9 1075.5 1075.5

0.0061 0.0041 0.0020 0.0000 -0 .0 0 0 0

2.1706 2.1762 2.1817 2.1872 2.1873

2.1767 2.1802 2.1837 2.1872 2.1873

35.0 34.0 33.0 32.018 32.0

•The states here shown are metastable. ••Reproduced by permission of the publishers and copyright owners of the “ 1967 ASM E Steam Tables” . Further data and information on the thermodynamic and transport properties of steam and water are contained in the above ASM E publication. It is obtainable from The American Society o f Mechanical Engineers, United Engineering Center, 345 East 47th Street, New York, New York 10017. For further information on the “ASM E Steam Tables”, see note at end of Table 1-42.

24

Handbook of Tables for Applied Engineering Science

Table 1-7.

SATURATED STEAM, WATER, AND I C E - S I UNITS*

For English units see Table 1-6. S U B S C R IP T S : f refers to g refers to i refers to f g refers to ig refers to Temperature C

K

a a a a a

property o f liquid in equilibrium with vapor property o f vapor in equilibrium with liquid property o f solid in equilibrium with vapor change by evaporation change by sublimation

Pressure, M N /m 2

Specific volume, m 3/kg

S O L ID --V A PO R -4 0 -3 0 -2 0 -1 0 0 0.01

233.15 243.15 253.15 263.15 273.15 273.16

Vi 0.000 012 9 0.000 038 1 0.000 103 5 0 .0 0 0 260 2 0 .0 0 0 610 8 0.000 611 3

0.001 0.001 0.001 0.001 0.001 0.001

LIQ U ID -V A P O R 0 0.01

5.00 6.98 10.00

13.03 15.00 17.50

273.15 273.16 278.15 280.13 283.15

084 085 087 089 090 090

1 8

4 1 8 8

V9

Ui

83.54 29.43 11.286 4.667 2.063 2.061

-4 1 1 .7 0 - 3 9 3 .2 3 - 3 7 4 .0 3 - 3 5 4 .0 9 -3 3 3 .4 3 -3 3 3 .4 0

vf 0.000 610 9 0.000 611 3 0.000 872 1 0.001 0 0 0 0 0.001 227 6

U9

2 2 2 2 2 2

uf

hi - 4 1 1 .7 0 - 3 9 3 .2 3 -3 7 4 .0 3 - 3 5 4 .0 9 -3 3 3 .4 3 - 3 3 3 .4 0

K 2 2 2 2 2 2

838.9 839.0 838.4 837.0 834.8 834.8

+ 20.97 29.30 42.00

+ 0 .0 7 6 1 0.105 9 0.151 0

9.156 9.156 9.025 8.975 8.900

87.980 77.926 67.004 57.791 45.665

54.71 62.99 73.48 83.95 101.04

2 2 2 2 2

393.3 396.1 399.5 402.9 408.5

54.71 62.99 73.48 83.96 101.05

2 2 2 2 2

470.6 465.9 460.0 454.1 444.5

2 2 2 2 2

525.3 528.9 533.5 538.1 545.5

0.195 0.224 0.260 0.296 0.354

8.827 8.781 8.723 8.667 8.577

9 4 7 2

43.360 34.800 32.894 28.192 25.216

104.88 121.45 125.78 137.81 146.67

2 409.8 2 415.2 2 4 1 6 .6 2 420.5 2 423.4

104.89 121.46 125.79 137.82 146.68

2 442.3 2 432.9 2 430.5 2 423.7 2 418.6

2 2 2 2 2

547.2 554.4 556.3 561.5 565.3

0.367 0.422 0.436 0.476 0.505

4

8.558 8.474 8.453 8.395 8.353

0

23.739 20.530 19.523 18.103 16.203

151.53 163.39 167.56 173.87 183.27

2 2 2 2 2

425.0 428.8 430.1 432.2 435.2

151.53 163.40 167.57 173.88 183.29

2 2 2 2 2

415.9 409.1 406.7 403.1 397.7

2 2 2 2 2

567.4 572.5 574.3 577.0 581.0

0.521 0.559 0.572 0.592 0.622

0 2 5

4

4

8.330 8.275 8.257 8.228 8.187

15.258 14.674 12.032 9.568

188.44 191.82 209.32 225.92 230.21

2 2 2 2 2

436.8 437.9 443.5 448.7 450.1

188.45 191.83 209.33 225.94 230.23

2 2 2 2 2

394.8 392.8 382.7 373.1 370.7

2 2 2 2 2

583.2 584.7 592.1 599.1 600.9

0.6387 0.6493 0.7038 0.7549 0.7679

8.164 8.150 8.076 8.008 7.991

251.11 251.38 272.02 289.20 292.95

2 2 2 2 2

456.6 456.7 463.1 468.4 469.6

251.13 251.40 272.06 289.23 292.98

2 2 2 2 2

358.5 358.3 346.2 336.1 333.8

2 2 2 2

0.001 0 2 2 8

7.671 7.649 6.197 5.229 5.042

609.6 609.7 618.3 625.3 2 626.8

0.831 0.832 0.893 0.943 0.954

7.909 7.908 7.831 7.768 7.755

2 2 2 2 2

1.0155 1.0259 1.0753 1.0910 1.1343

7.682 7.670 7.612 7.593 7.544

4 0 2 9 5

1.145 1.191 1.192 1.232 1.250

7.532 7.479 7.479 7.434 7.415

0 7 1

0.001 000 4

0.001 0.001 0.001 0.001

002 004 004 005 0.001 006

9 0 3 3

36.16 39.00 40.00 41.51 43.76

309.31 312.15 313.15 314.66 316.91

0.006 0.007 0.007 0.008 0.009

000

0.001 0.001 0.001 0.001 0.001

4 4

45.00 45.81 50.00 53.97 55.00

318.15 318.96 323.15 327.12 328.15

0.009 593

0.001 009 9

0 .0 1 0 0 0 0

0.001 0 1 0 2 0.001 0 1 2 1

60.00 60.06 65.00 69.10 70.00

333.15 333.21 338.15 342.25 343.15

0.019 940 0.025 030 0.030 000 0.031 190

75.00 75.87 80.00 81.33 85.00

348.15 349.02 353.15 354.48 358.15

0.038 0.040 0.047 0.050 0.057

580 000 390 000 830

0.001 0.001 0.001 0.001 0.001

025 026 029 030 032

9 5 1 0 5

4.131 3.993 3.407 3.240 2.828

313.90 317.53 334.86 340.44 355.84

2 475.9 2 477.0 2 482.2 2 483.9 2 488.4

313.93 317.58 334.91 340.49 355.90

2 2 2 2 2

221.4 319.2 308.8 305.4 296.0

85.94 89.95 90.00 93.50 95.00

359.09 363.10 363.15 366.65 368.15

0.060 0.070 0.070 0.080 0.084

000

0.001 0.001 0.001 0.001 0.001

033 036 036 038 039

1 0 0

2.732 2.365 2.361 2.087 1.981 9

359.79 376.63 376.85 391.58 397.88

2 2 2 2 2

359.86 376.70 376.92 391.66 397.96

2 2 2 2 2

293.6 283.3 283.2 274.1 270.2

000

550

sf

501.3 501.4 510.6 514.2 519.8

169 000 246 000 628

000 140

9.835 9.481 9.157 9.156

2 2 2 2 2

0.003 0.004 0.004 0.005 0.005

0 .0 2 0 00 0

10.644 10.221

501.4 501.3 489.6 484.9 477.7

0.001 000 7 0.001 000 9 0.001 001 3

0

298.15 302.11 303.15 306.03 308.15

0.012 349 0.015 000 0.015 758

- 1 .5 3 2 -1 .4 5 5 - 1 .3 7 7 - 1 .2 9 9 - 1.221 - 1.221

2 2 2 2 2

206.278 206.136 147.120 129.208 106.379

25.00 28.96 30.00 32.88 35.00

000

427.2 445.8 464.3 482.9 501.3 501.4

- 0 .0 2 + 0.01 20.98 29.30 42.01

2 2 1 2

0.001 001 8

000

Si

375.3 375.3 382.3 385.0 389.2

000 000 000 000

24.08

000 384

h9

K

* /.

U9

0.002 339 0.003 000 0

0.0 0 2 0 0 0 0

2 2 2 2 2 2

Specific entropy, k J/k g K

2 2 2 2 2

0.001 0.001 0.001 0.001

-0 .0 3

319.6 333.6 347.5 361.4 375.3 375.3

Specific enthalpy, k J/k g

286.18 288.15 290.65 293.15 297.23

2 0 .0 0

0.001 500 0 0.001 705 1

Specific internal energy, k J/k g

0.001 002 7

006 007 007 008 009

0

8

4 4

0.001 014 1 0.001 014 6 0.001 0.001 0.001 0.001

017 017 019 022

2 2 9 3

6

7

10.022

489.6 494.5 494.5 498.8 500.6

635.3 636.8 643.7 645.9 651.9

2 653.5 2 660.0 2 660.1

2 665.8 2 668.1

- 0 .0 0 0 1 0

7 5 7 6

5 6

9 4 3

6

2 0 5 9 9

3 9 5 9 0

5 2 7 8

6 6

3 1 1 8

0 7 2 8

2 3 5 3 6

5 0 6

3

6

9

♦Condensed from: J.H . Keenan, F .G . Keyes, P.G. Hill, and J.G . Moore, “Steam Tables: Thermodynamic Properties o f Water Including Vapor, Liquid, and Solid Phases” . Copyright © 1969, by John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Reprinted by permission of the authors and publisher.

1.1

Table 1-7. Temperature C

K

Pressure, M N /m 2

041 043 043 051 052

0 2 6 8

1.210 2

0.270 100 0.300 000 0.361 300

0.001 0.001 0 .001 0 .001 0 .001

060 060 069 073 079

3 5 7

416.78 423.15 425.01 433.15 443.15

0.400 0.475 0.500 0.617 0.791

000 800 000 800 700

0.001 0.001 0.001 0.001 0.001

083 6 090 5 092 6 114 3

0.462 0.392 0.374 0.307 0.242

453.06 453.15 463.15 471.47 473.15

1.000 000 1.002 100

0.001 0.001 0.001 0.001 0.001

127 127 141 153 156

3 4 4 9 5

0.194 0.194 0.156 0.131 0.127

172 176 190 197 208

6

2.318 000 2.500 000 2.795 000

0.001 0.001 0.001 0.001 0.001

5

0.198 530

120.23 130.00 133.55 140.00

393.15 393.38 403.15 406.70 413.15

143.63 150.00 151.86 160.00 170.00 179.91 180.00 190.00 198.32

1 20.00

2 0 0 .0 0

0 .1 0 0 000

0.101 350 0.143 270 0.150 000 0 .2 0 0 0 0 0

1.254 400 1.500 000 1.553 800

5

2

7

102 0

hfg

hf

1.159 3

405.06 417.36 418.94 461.14 466.94

2 2 2 2 2

502.6 506.1 506.5 518.1 519.7

405.15 417.46 419.04 461.30 •467.11

1.269 1.302 1.306 1.418 1.433

0.891 0.885 0.668 0.605 0.508

503.50 504.49 546.02 561.15 588.74

2 2 2 2 2

529.3 529.5 539.9 543.6 550.0

503.71 504.70 546.31 561.47 589.13

201.9 174.2 163.8 144.7

2 2 2 2 2

706.3 706.7 720.5 725.3 733.9

1.527 1.530 1.634 1.671 1.739

2 2 2 2

8

604.31 631.68 639.68 674.87 718.33

2 2 2 2 2

553.6 559.5 561.2 568.4 576.5

604.74 632.20 640.23 675.55 719.21

2 133.8 2 114.3 2 108.5 2 082.6 2 049.5

2 2 2 2 2

738.6 746.5 748.7 758.1 768.7

1.776 1.841 1.860 1.942 2.041

44 05 54 77 36

761.68 762.09 806.19 843.16 850.65

2 2 2 2 2

583.6 583.7 590.0 594.5 595.3

762.81 763.22 807.62 844.89 852.45

2 015.3 2 015.0 1 978.8 1 947.3 1 940.7

2 2 2 2 2

778.1 778.2 786.4 792.2 793.2

2.138 2.139 2.235 2.315 2.330

0.104 0.099 0.086 0.079 0.071

41 63 19 98 58

895.53 906.44 940.87 959.11 986.74

2 2 2 2 2

599.5 600.3 602.4 603.1 603.9

897.76 908.79 943.62 962.11 990.12

1 900.7 1 890.7 I 858.5 1 841.0 1 813.8

2 798.5 2 799.5 2 802.1 2 803.1 2 804.0

2.424 2.447 2.517 2.554 2.609

0.066 0.059 0.057 0.050 0.049

68

76 07 13 78

1 004.78 1 033.21 1 045.43 1 080.39 1 082.31

2 2 2 2 2

604.1 604.0 603.7 602.4 602.3

1 008.42 1 037.32 1 049.75 1 085.36 1 087.31

1 795.7 1 766.5 1 753.7 1 716.2 1 714.1

2 2 2 2 2

804.2 803.8 803.4 801.5 801.4

0.042 0.039 0.035 0.032 0.030

21 44 64 44 17

1 128.39 1 147.81 1 177.36 1 205.44 1 227.46

2 2 2 2 2

599.0 597.1 593.7 589.7 586.1

1 134.37 1 154.23 1 184.51 1 213.35 1 235.99

1 662.5 1 640.1 1 605.2 1 571.0 1 543.6

2 2 2 2 2

0.027 0.025 0.023 0.021 0.020

37 57 52 67 48

1 257.55 1 278.92 1 305.57 1 332.0 1 350.51

2 2 2 2 2

580.5 576.0 569.8 563.0 557.8

1 267.00 1 289.07 1 316.64 1 344.0 I 363.26

1 505.1 1 477.1 1 441.3 1 404.9 1 378.9

350 026 488 263 996

1 387.1 1 393.04 1 444.6 1 473.0 1 505.3

2 2 2 2 2

546.4 544.4 525.5 513.7 498.9

1 401.3 1 407.56 1 461.5 1 491.3 1 525.3

1 326 0

9 7 5 8

9 5 8

9 1

2 2 2 2 2

265.7 258.0 257.0 230.2 226.5

2 2 0 2 .6

2.883 2.920 2.975 3.026 3.066

8

8

6.001 5.973 5.930 5.889 5.857

9 4 1 2 1

2 2 2 2 2

772.1 766.2 758.0 749.0 742.1

3.121 1 3 .1 5 9 4 3.206 8 3.253 4 3.285 8

5.813 5.782 5.743 5.704 5.677

3 1 2 5 2

1 317.1 1 238.6 1 193.6 1 140.6

2 2 2 2 2

727.3 724.7 700.1 684.9 665.9

3.349 3.359 3.448 3.496 3.550

0 2 7

5.623 5.614 5.536 5.492 5.441

0 1 2 4 7

2 637.6 2 622.0 2 580.6 2 563.9 2 509.1

3.623 3.659 3.746 3.777 3.871

2 4 1 7 5

5.371 5.335 5.245 5.211 5.104

7 7 5 2 4

2 2 2 2 2

3.914 4.013 4.110 4.311 4.429

7 9

5.052 4.926 4.797 4.532 4.429

9 1 7

0.001 0.001 0.001 0.001 0.001

275 285 302 318 332

5 9 3 7

285.88 290.00 295.06 300.00 303.40

559.03 563.15 568.21 573.15 576.55

0.001 0.001 0.001 0.001 0.001

351 365 384 403 417

3

310.00 311.06 320.00 324.75 330.00

583.15 584.21 593.15 597.90 603.15

447 452 498 526 560

4 4

12.845 000

0.001 0.001 0.001 0.001 0.001

7 7

0.018 0.018 0.015 0.014 0.012

336.75 340.00 347.44 350.00 357.06

609.90 613.15 620.59 623.15 630.21

14.000 14.586 16.000 16.513 18.000

0.001 0.001 0.001 0.001 0.001

610 637 710 740 839

7 9 7 3 7

0.011 0.001 0.009 0.008 0.007

485 079 7 306 813 489

1 548.6 1.570.3 1 622.7 1 641.9 1 698.9

2 2 2 2 2

476.8 464.6 431.7 418.4 374.3

1 571.1 1 594.2 1 650.1 1 670.6 1 732.0

1 066.5 1 027.9 930.6 893.4 777.1

360.00 365.81 370.00 373.80 374.136

633.15 638.96 643.15 646.95 647.286

18.651 000

892 5 036 213 742 0.003 155

0.006 0.005 0.004 0.003 0.003

945 834 925 568 155

1 725.2 1 785.6 1 844.0 1 961.9 2 029.6

2 2 2 2 2

351.5 293.0 228.5 087.1 029.6

1 760.5 1 826.3 1 890.5 2 0 2 2 .2

720.5 583.4 441.6 143.4

2 099.3

0

6.412 000 7.000 000 7.436 000 8 .0 0 0 0 00

8.581 000 9.000 000 9.856 000 10.000 0 0 0

11.274 000 12.000 0 0 0

000 000 000

000 000

2 0 .0 0 0 000

21.030 000 2 2 .0 0 0 0 0 0

22.090 000

0.001 0 .0 0 2 0 .0 0 2 0 .0 0 2

1 6 2 6 8

8

9 9 3 2 6 .6 6 6 3

796.9 794.3 789.7 784.3 779.6

4.688 000 5.000 000 5.499 000 6 .0 0 0 0 00

6.895 6.837 6.821 6.750

9 7 3 0 1

533.15 537.14 543.15 548.79 553.15

2 2

7 7 9

1 9 9 9

6.186 6.143 6.125 6.073 6.070

260.00 263.99 270.00 275.64 280.00

1

1 6 8

6

7 5 3 7 4

216 229 234 251 252

7

8

7.129 7.127 7.026 6.991 6.929

2.645 2.701 2.725 2.792 2.796

0.001 0.001 0.001 0.001 0.001

8

1 4

7 9

000 000 000 000 000

3

6

5 9

3.000 3.344 3.500 3.973 4.000

0

6

9 4 9 7 3

6.358 6.340 6.286 6.257 6.214

507.05 513.15 515.75 523.15 523.55

7

9 5

7.394 7.359 7.354 7.238 7.223

5 7 9

233.90 240.00 242.60 250.00 250.40

2 2 0 .0 0

2 .0 0 0 0 0 0

5 6

6.586 6.585 6.507 6.444 6.432

223.99 230 00

212.42

sf 2 670.9 2.675.5 2 676.1 2 691.5 2 693.6

1.869 1.694 0 1.672 9

483.15 485.57 493.15 497.14 503.15

2 1 0 .0 0

1.906 200

ug

uf

Specific entropy, kJ/kg'K

Specific enthalpy, k J/kg

Specific internal energy, k J/k g

0.001 0.001 0.001 0.001 0.001

0.090 000

111.37

Specific volume, mzikg Vjr

369.86 372.78 373.15 383.15 384.52

100.00 1 10.00

25

SATURATED STEAM, WATER, AND I C E - S I UNITS (Continued)

L IQ U ID --V A PO R 96.71 99.63

Gases and Vapors

481.0 409.7 332.1 165.6 099.3

7 6

9 0 9 8

4 8

2 1 7

3 6

6

0 8

8

3

1

5 6

6

8

26

Handbook of Tables for Applied Engineering Science

Table 1-8.

SPECIFIC HEAT AT CONSTANT PRESSURE OF STEAM AND OF WATER*

F o r specific heat in J/k g -K , multiply values in B tu /lb ra ° F by 4 1 8 6 .8 . Btu/lbm °F Pn ?ssure,p sia

cp’

Temp, JF 1

1.5

Temp, °F

2

3

4

6

8

10

15

20

30

40

60

80

100

1500 1480 1460 1440 1420

0.559 0.557 0.556 0.554 0.552

0.559 0.557 0.556 0.554 0.552

0.559 0.557 0.556 0.554 0.552

0.559 0.557 0.556 0.554 0.552

0.559 0.557 0.556 0.554 0.552

0.559 0.557 0.556 0.554 0.552

0.559 0.557 0.556 0.554 0.553

0.559 0.558 0.556 0.554 0.553

0.559 0.558 0.556 0.554 0.553

0.559 0.558 0.556 0.554 0.553

0.560 0.558 0.556 0.555 0.553

0.560 0.558 0.557 0.555 0.553

0.560 0.559 0.557 0.555 0.554

0.561 0.559 0.557 0.556 0.554

0.561 0.559 0.558 0.556 0.555

1500 1480 1460 1440 1420

1400 1380 1360 1340 1320

0.551 0.549 0.547 0.546 0.544

0.551 0.549 0.547 0.546 0.544

0.551 0.549 0;547 0.546 0.544

0.551 0.549 0.547 0.546 0.544

0.551 0.549 0.547 0.546 0.544

0.551 0.549 0.547 0.546 0.544

0.551 0.549 0.547 0.546 0.544

0.551 0.549 0.547 0.546 0.544

0.551 0.549 0.548 0.546 0.544

0.551 0.549 0.548 0.546 0.544

0.551 0.550 0,548 0.546 0.545

0.552 0.550 0.548 0.547 0.545

0.552 0.550 0.549 0.547 0.545

0.553 0.551 0.549 0.548 0.546

0.553 0.551 0.550 0.548 0.546

1400 1380 1360 1340 1320

1300 1280 1260 1240 1220

0.542 0.540 0.538 0.537 0.535

0.542 0.540 0.539 0.537 0.535

0.542 0.540 0.539 0.537 0.535

0.542 0.540 0.539 0.537 0.535

0.542 0.540 0.539 0.537 0.535

0.542 0.540 0.539 0.537 0.535

0.542 0.540 0.539 0.537 0.535

0.542 0.541 0.539 0.537 0.535

0.542 0.541 0.539 0.537 0.535

0.543 0.541 0.539 0.537 0.536

0.543 0.541 0.539 0.538 0.536

0.543 0.541 0.540 0.538 0.536

0.544 0.542 0.540 0.539 0.537

0.544 0.543 0.541 0.539 0.537

0.545 0.543 0.541 0.540 0.538

1300 1280 1260 1240 1220

1200 1180 1160 1140 1120

0.533 0.531 0.529 0.528 0.526

0.533 0.531 0.529 0.528 0.526

0.533 0.531 0.530 0.528 0.526

0.533 0.531 0.530 0.528 0.526

0.533 0.531 0.530 0.528 0.526

0.533 0.531 0.530 0.528 0.526

0.533 0.532 0.530 0.528 0.526

0.533 0.532 0.530 0.528 0.526

0.534 0.532 0.530 0.528 0.526

0.534 0.532 0.530 0.528 0.527

0.534 0.532 0.530 0.529 0.527

0.534 0.533 0.531 0.529 0.527

0.535 0.533 0.532 0.530 0.528

0.536 0.534 0.532 0.531 0.529

0.536 0.535 0.533 0.531 0.530

1200 1180 1160 1140 1120

1100 1080 1060 1040 1020

0.524 0.522 0.520 0.518 0.517

0.524 0.522 0.520 0.519 0.517

0.524 0.522 0.520 0.519 0.517

0.524 0.522 0.520 0.519 0.517

0.524 0.522 0.520 0.519 0.517

0.524 0.522 0.521 0.519 0.517

0.524 0.522 0.521 0.519 0.517

0.524 0.523 0.521 0.519 0.517

0.525 0.523 0.521 0.519 0.517

0.525 0.523 0.521 0.519 0.518

0.525 0.523 0.522 0.520 0.518

0.526 0.524 0.522 0.520 0.518

0.526 0.525 0.523 0.521 0.519

0.527 0.525 0.524 0.522 0.520

0.528 0.526 0.524 0.523 0.521

1100 1080 1060 1040 1020

1000 980 960 940 920

0.515 0.513 0.511 0.509 0.507

0.515 0.513 0.511 0.509 0.508

0.515 0.513 0.511 0.509 0.508

0.515 0.513 0.511 0.509 0.508

0.515 0.513 0.511 0.509 0.508

0.515 0.513 0.511 0.510 0.508

0.515 0.513 0.512 0.510 0.508

0.515 0.513 0.512 0.510 0.508

0.515 0.514 0.512 0.510 0.508

0.516 0.514 0.512 0.510 0.509

0.516 0.514 0.513 0.511 0.509

0.517 0.515 0.513 0.511 0.510

0.518 0.516 0.514 0.512 0.511

0.519 0.517 0.515 0.514 0.512

0.519 0.518 0.516 0.515 0.513

1000 980 960 940 920

900 880 860 840 820

0.506 0.504 0.502 0.500 0.498

0.506 0.504 0.502 0.500 0.498

0.506 0.504 0.502 0.500 0.499

0.506 0.504 0.502 0.500 0.499

0.506 0.504 0.502 0.500 0.499

0.506 0.504 0.502 0.501 0.499

0.506 0.504 0.503 0.501 0.499

0.506 0.504 0.503 0.501 0.499

0.506 0.505 0.503 0.501 0.499

0.507 0.505 0.503 0.502 0.500

0.507 0.506 0.504 0.502 0.501

0.508 0.506 0.505 0.503 0.501

0.509 0.508 0.506 0.504 0.503

0.510 0.509 0.507 0.506 0.504

0.512 0.510 0.509 0.507 0.506

900 880 860 840 820

800 780 760 740 720

0.497 0.495 0.493 0.491 0.490

0.497 0.495 0.493 0.491 0.490

0.497 0.495 0.493 0.491 0.490

0.497 0.495 0.493 0.492 0.490

0.497 0.495 0.493 0.492 0.490

0.497 0.495 0.494 0.492 0.490

0.497 0.495 0.494 0.492 0.490

0.497 0.496 0.494 0.492 0.491

0.498 0.496 0.494 0.493 0.491

0.498 0.496 0.495 0.493 0.492

0.499 0.497 0.496 0.494 0.493

0.500 0.498 0.497 0.495 0.494

0.501 0.500 0.499 0.497 0.496

0.503 0.502 0.500 0.499 0.498

0.505 0.503 0.502 0.501 0.500

800 780 760 740 720

700 680 660 640 620

0.488 0.486 0.484 0.483 0.481

0.488 0.486 0.485 0.483 0.481

0.488 0.486 0.485 0.483 0.481

0.488 0.486 0.485 0.483 0.481

0.488 0.487 0.485 0.483 0.482

0.488 0.487 0.485 0.484 0.482

0.489 0.487 0.485 0.484 0.482

0.489 0.487 0.486 0.484 0.483

0.490 0.488 0.486 0.485 0.483

0.490 0.489 0.487 0.486 0.484

0.491 0.490 0.489 0.487 0.486

0.492 0.491 0.490 0.489 0.488

0.495 0.494 0.493 0.492 0.491

0.497 Q.496 0.496 0.495 0.495

0.500 0.499 0.499 0.499 0.499

700 680 660 640 620

600 580 560 540 520

0.479 0.478 0.476 0.475 0.473

0.480 0.478 0.476 0.475 0.473

0.480 0.478 0.476 0.475 0.473

0.480 0.478 0.477 0.475 0.474

0.480 0.478 0.477 0.475 0.474

0.480 0.479 0.477 0.476 0.475

0.481 0.479 0.478 0.476 0.475

0.481 0.480 0.478 0.477 0.476

0.482 0.481 0.479 0.478 0.477

0.483 0.482 0.481 0.480 0.479

0.485 0.484 0.483 0.482 0.482

0.487 0.486 0.485 0.485 0.485

0.491 0.491 0.490 0.491 0.491

0.495 0.495 0.496 0.497 0.498

0.499 0.500 0.501 0.503 0.505

600 580 560 540 520

500 480 460 440 420

0.472 0.470 0.469 0.467 0.466

0.472 0.470 0.469 0.467 0.466

0.472 0.470 0.469 0.468 0.466

0.472 0.471 0.469 0.468 0.467

0.473 0.471 0.470 0.469 0.467

0.473 0.472 0.471 0.470 0.468

0.474 0.473 0.472 0.470 0.470

0.475 0.473 0.472 0.471 0.471

0.476 0.475 0.475 0.474 0.473

0.478 0.477 0.477 0.476 0.476

0.481 0.481 0.481 0.481 0.482

0.485 0.485 0.486 0.487 0.488

0.492 0.493 0.495 0.498 0.501

0.500 0.502 0.505 0.509 0.514

0.508 0.511 0.516 0.522 0.528

500 480 4,60 440 420

400 380 360 340 320

0.464 0.463 0.462 0.460 0.459

0.465 0.463 0.462 0.461 0.460

0.465 0.464 0.462 0.461 0.460

0.466 0.464 0.463 0.462 0.461

0.466 0.465 0.464 0.463 0.462

0.467 0.466 0.466 0.465 0.464

0.469 0.468 0.467 0.467 0.467

0.470 0.469 0.469 0.469 0.469

0.473 0.473 0.473 0.473 0.474

0.476 0.477 0.477 0.478 0.480

0.483 0.484 0.486 0.488 0.491

0.490 0.492 0.495 0.499 0.504

0.504 0.509 0.515 0.521 0.530

0.520 0.527 0.536 0.546 0.558

0.536 0.546 0.558 0.572 TiOSB

400 380 360 340 320

300 280 260 240 220

0.458 0.457 0.456 0.455 0.454

0.459 0.458 0.457 0.456 0.455

0.459 0.458 0.457 0.457 0.456

0.460 0.460 0.459 0.458 0.458

0.462 0.461 0.461 0.460 0.460

0.464 0.464 0.464 0.464 0.464

0.466 0.467 0.467 0.468 0.468

0.469 0.469 0.470 0.471 0.473

0.475 0.477 0.478 0.481 0.484

0.482 0.484 0.487 0.491 1.008

0.495 0.500 0.505 1.012 1.008

0.509 0.516 1.017 1.012 1.008

0.539 1.022 1.017 1.012 1.008

1.029 1.022 1.017 1.012 1.008

1.029 1.022 1.016 1.012 1.‘008

300 280 260 240 220

200 180 160 140 120

0.453 0.452 0.451 0.451 0.450

0.454 0.454 0.453 0.453 0.452

0.455 0.455 0.455 0.454 mperature)

450 C 723.15 K

400 C 673.15 K

500 C 773.15 K

600 C 873.15 K

650 C 923.15 K

.016784 2964.9 3 267.0 6.2181

.018681 .02042 3079.6 3188.0 3415.9 3 555.6 6.4048 6.5696

.02206 3293.1 3690.2 6.7195

550 C 823.15 K

700 C 973.15 K

800 C 1073.15 K

1000C 1 273.15 K

1300 C 1573.15 K

.02362 3396.3 3821.5 6.8580

.02660 3600.0 4078.8 7.1098

.03223 4008.0 4588.1 7.5449

.04039 4642.4 5369.4 8.0956

i.O v .011901 557.06 C) u 2672.8 530.21 K) h 2887.0 5.6887

j .014625 >2836.8

3.0 v .010881 561.54 C) u 2647.0 534.69 K )h 2853.8 5.6224

.013612 2821.7 3080.4 5.9479

.015724 2954.0 3252.7 6.1786

.019241 .017562 .02081 3071.0 3181.1 3287.3 3404.7 3546.6 3682.8 6.3692 6.5366 6.6882

.02231 3391.4 3815.3 6.8281

.02515 3596.3 4074.3 7.0814

.03051 4005.6 4585.3 7.5181

.03827 4640.2 5367.3 8.0692

.009942 0.0 v 565.81 C) u 2619.3 538.96 K) h 2818.1 5.5540

.012695 2806.2 3060.1 5.9017

.014768 2942.9 3238.2 6.1401

.016555 .018178 .019693 .021 13 3062.4 3281.4 3174.0 3 386.4 3393.5 3 537.6 3675.3 3809.0 6.3348 6.5048 6.6582 6.7993

.02385 3 592.7 4069.7 7.0544

.02897 4003.1 4582.5 7.4925

.03636 4638.0 5365.1 8.0442

2.0 v .008253 '57.3.80 C) u 2556.0 546.95 K) h 2737.6 5.4074

.011 101 2773.6 3017.9 5.8105

.013115 2920.0 3208.6 6.0658

.016341 .014815 .017756 .019092 .02161 3159.7 3044.7 3269.6 3 376.4 3 585.3 3 370.6 3519.2 3660.2 3 796.5 4060.6 6.4444 6.6014 6.2691 6.7451 7.0036

.02630 3998.2 4576.8 7.4448

.03306 4633.5 5 360.8 7.9974

5.0

.006004 2430.1 2580.2 5.1418

.009162 2720.7 2949.7 5.6744

.011123 2884.3 3162.4 5.9592

.012724 .014137 .015433 .018912 .02310 .016646 3017.5 3137.9 3251.6 3574.3 3990.9 3361.3 3491.4 3637.4 4047.1 3335.6 4568.5 3777.5 6.3602 6.1765 6.5229 6.6707 7.3802 6.9345

.02910 4626.9 5354.4 7.9342

0.0

.002790 2067.4 2151.1 4.4728

.006735 2619.3 2821.4 5.4424

.008678 2820.7 3081.1 5.7905

.010168 .011446 .024266 .013661 .019196 .012596 .015623 3 100.5 4616.0 2970.3 3221.0 3335.8 3555.5 3978.8 3275.4 4554.7 3443.9 3598.9 3745.6 5344.0 4024.2 7.8432 6.0342 6.233 I 6.4058 6.5606 7.2867 6.8332

5.0

.002100 1914.1 1 987.6 4.2126

.004961 2498.7 2672.4 5.1962

.006927 2751.9 2994.4 5.6282

9.527 .008345 3062.0 2921.0 3395.5 3213.0 5.9026 6.1179

0.0

.0019077 .003693 1 854.6 2365.1 1 930.9 2512.8 4.1135 4.9459

.005622 2678.4 2903.3 5.4700

.008094 .014324 .006984 .009063 .009941 .018229 .011523 2869.7 3022.6 3158.0 3283.6 4594.3 3954.6 3517.8 3149.1 3681.2 3978.7 5323.5 3346.4 4527.6 3520.6 5.7785 6.2054 6.3750 7.6969 6.0114 6.6662 7.1356

0.0

.001 7309 .002486 1788.1 2159.6 1 874.6 2284.0 4.003 1 4.5884

.003892 2525.5 2720.1 5.1726

.005118 .006112 .006966 .007727 .011411 .014616 .009076 2763.6 3093.5 2942.0 4572.8 3230.5 3479.8 3930.5 3019.5 3247.6 3441.8 4501.1 5303.6 3933.6 3616.8 6.5290 7.5808 5.8178 7.0146 5.5485 6.0342 6.2189

0.0

.0016335 .002085 1 745.4 2053.9 1 843.4 2179.0 3.9318 4.4121

.002956 2390.6 2567.9 4.9321

.004834 .003956 .009480 .012215 .005595 .007459 .006272 3906.4 2658.8 3028.8 4551.4 2861.1 3177.2 3441.5 2896.2 4475.2 5284.3 3151.2 3364.5 3553.5 3889.1 5.3441 6.9127 7.4837 6.0824 5.6452 5.8829 6.4109

0.0

.001 5664 .002466 .0018931 1713.2 1990.2 2290.6 1822.8 2122.7 2463.2 3.8775 4.3068 4.7619

.003227 .003976 .010509 .004650 .005256 .006318 .008110 2783.4 2563.9 2965.3 3403.4 3882.1 4530.0 3124.5 3061.7 2789.7 3845.7 5265.6 3290.8 4449.8 3492.4 5.4925 7.3999 5.1715 5.9606 6.3066 5.7479 6.8240

0.0

.0015154 .001 7746 .002188 1 687.1 1945.0 2218.9 1 808.3 2086.9 2394.0 3.8330 4.2321 4.6425

.009236 .002763 .007093 .005477 .003386 .003976 .004518 3857.8 4508.8 2483.9 2711.8 2904.6 3073.2 3365.6 5247.6 2982.7 3222.7 4425.2 2704.9 3803.8 3434.6 7.3259 5.3601 6.745 1 5.0323 5.6276 5.8512 6.2128

0.0

.0014743 .0016908 .002013 1665.1 1909.9 2165.6 1 797.7 2062.0 2346.7 3.7952 4.1737 4.5542

.008252 .002971 .004837 .006309 .003967 .002458 .003483 4487.6 2648.2 2418.6 3833.5 2848.0 3024.0 3328.5 5230.3 4401.3 2639.8 2915.6 3161.6 3381.1 3763.8 7.2594 4.9216 6.1277 6.6738 5.2469 5.5211 5.7528

00.0

.007469 .0014399 .0016266 .0018903 .002246 .002671 .005690 .003115 .003546 .004338 1881.1 2365.7 4466.6 1 646.0 2123.8 3809.2 2592.7 2796.2 2977.7 3292.3 5213.6 1790.0 2043.8 2312.8 3107.7 2590.3 2859.8 3726.1 4378.2 3332.3 4.1256 6.6087 7.1989 3.7620 4.8329 4.4852 5.4271 6.0499 5.1509 5.6642

13100.1

i

5.9947

.020815 .010575 .016410 .011533 .013278 3189.8 3536.7 3966.7 3 309.8 4605.1 3 559.9 5333.6 3713.5 4001.5 4541.1 7.2064 6.3010 6.463 1 7.7653 6.7450

36

Handbook of Tables for Applied Engineering Science

Table 1-12.

VISCOSITY OF STEAM AND WATER*

For other conversion factors see Table 9-30. For viscosity in S I units, see Table 1-13. U N I T S : Viscosity = \i - (lbf*sec/ft2) x 107. (U nits o f lbfsec/ ft2 are identical with slugs/ftsec.) F o r centipoises multiply the printed numbers by 0.00479. F or N*s/m2 multiply lb f sec/ft2 by 47.880.

Pressure, psia

Temp, °F

10

20

50

100

200

500

1000

2000

5000

7500

10000

12000

8.8

9.2 9.0

9.6 9.4 9.2 9.1 8.9

10.1

10.5 10.3

1500 1450 1400 1350 1300

8.6

8 .6

8.6

8 .6

8 .6

8.6

8 .6

8 .6

8.4

8.4

8.4

8.4

8.4

8.4

8.4

8.4

8.7 8.4

8.1

8.1

8.1

8.1

8.1

8.1

8 .2

8 .2

8 .2

8.7 8.5 8.3

8.4

8.8

7.9 7.7

7.9 7.7

7.9 7.7

7.9 7.7

7.9 7.7

7.9 7.7

7.9 7.7

7.9 7.7

8 .0

8 .0

8.1

8 .6

7.7

7.8

7.9

8.4

1250

7.4 7.2 7.0 6.7 6.5

7.4 7.2 7.0 6.7 6.5

7.4 7.2 7.0 6.7 6.5

7.4 7.2 7.0 6.7 6.5

7.4 7.2 7.0 6.7 6.5

7.4 7.2 7.0 6.7 6.5

7.5 7.2 7.0 6.7 6.5

7.5 7.3 7.0

7.7 7.5 7.2 7.0

8.2

8.8

8 .0

8.6

6 .8

7.6 7.3 7.1 6.9

1050

7.4 7.2 7.0 6.7 6.5

6 .6

6 .6

6 .8

7.8 7.7 7.5

8.5 8.4 8.4

9.5 9.4 9.4 9.5 9.8

1000

6.3

6.3

6.3

6.3

6.3

6.3

6.3

6.3

6.3

6.4

6 .6

10.2

6 .0

6 .0

6 .0

6 .0

6 .0

6 .0

6 .0

6 .0

6.1

6 .2

6.4

8.8

10.9

5.8 5.5 5.3

5.8 5.5 5.3

5.8 5.5 5.3

5.8 5.5 5.3

5.8 5.5 5.3

5.8 5.5 5.3

5.8 5.6 5.3

5.8 5.6 5.3

5.9 5.6 5.4

5.9 5.7

6.1

5.9

7.4 7.3 7.3 7.4

8.5

950 900 850 800

9.5 10.9

13.3

11.5 12.4 13.4 14.6

5.5

5.7

8.4

12.9

14.8

15.7

750 700 650 600 550

5.1 4.8 4.6 4.4 4.1

5.1 4.8 4.6 4.4 4.1

5.1 4.8 4.6 4.4 4.1

5.1 4.8 4.6 4.4 4.1

5.1 4.8 4.6 4.4 4.1

5.1 4.8 4.6 4.4 4.1

5.1 4.9 4.6 4.4

5.1 4.9 4.6 4.4 4.1

5.2 4.9 4.7 4.4 4.1

5.3 5.0 4.7 4.4 4J)

5.5 5.4® 49 18.1 19.9

12.0

14.8 17.2

14.8 16.5 18.3

16.2 17.7 19.3

17.0 18.5

19.1

2 0 .0

2 1 .0

2 1 .0

21.9

2 2 .8

21.7 23.5

500 450 400 350 300

3.9 3.7 3.4 3.2 2.9

3.9 3.7 3.4 3.2 2.9

3.9 3.7 3.4 3.2 2.9

3.9 3.7 3.4 3.2 2.9

3.9 3.6 3.4 3.2 2.9

3.9 3.6 3.4 3.2 Z9

3.9 3.6 3.4

18 24.1 27.4 31.9 38.3

2 1 .6

2 2 .0

3J 38.1

3.8 3.6 13 31.8 38.2

24.2 27.6 32.1 38.4

24.6 27.9 32.4 38.7

23.1 25.6 28.9 33.4 39.7

23.9 26.5 29.8 34.2 40.5

24.8 27.4 30.6 35.1 41.3

25.5 28.1 31.3 35.7 42.0

250

2.7 2.5 142.0 271.4

2.7 2J> 89.1 142.0 271.4

2.7

50

2.7 2.5 21 142.0 271.4

89.1 142.0 271.4

21 62.6 89.1 142.0 271.4

47.6 62.6 89.1 142.0 271.4

47.6 62.6 89.1 142.0 271.4

47.6 62.7 89.1 142.0 271.3

47.7 62.8 89.2 142.0 271.2

47.8 62.9 89.3 142.1 27r.O

48.2 63.2 89.5 142.1 270.6

49.1 64.0 90.1 142.3 269.3

49.8 64.7 90.7 142.5 268.2

50.6 65.4 91.2 142.6 267.1

51.2 65.9 91.7 142.7 266.3

32

366.1

366.1

366.1

366.1

366.1

366.1

366.1

366.0

365.7

365.3

364.5

361.9

359.8

357.7

356.0

139.4 2.0

109.4 2.1

81.0 2.3

65.3 2.4

53.3 2.6

41.2 2.8

34.3 3.0

28.8 3.2

23.1 3.6

19.7 4.0

16.3 4.7

1200

1150 1100

200

150 100

Sat. water Sat. steam

21

2J

4.1

°Critical point. •From: “ 1967 ASME Steam Tables”, The American Society o f Mechanical Engineers.

8 .6

9.9 9.8 9.6 9.5

12.0

10.2 10.2 10.1 10.1 10.1

10.3 10.5 10.9

2 0 .0

___

___













1.1

Table 1-13.

Gases and Vapors

37

VISCOSITY AND THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY OF STEAM AND WATER—SI UNITS*

For English units see Tables 1-9 and 1-12. SYMBOLS AND UNITS: fi - dynamic viscosity. For N-s/m2 ( = kg/m s) multiply tabulated values by 10 "6 v = kinematic viscosity. For m2/s multiply tabulated values by 10"6

k — thermal conductivity in MW/m K Pressure 0.1 M N /m2 c

K

V

0 50 100 150 200

273.15 323.15 373.15 423.15 473.15

1 750 544 12.11 14.15 16.18

250 300 350 400 450

523.15 573.15 623.15 673.15 723.15

18.22 20.25 22.3 24.3 26.4

500 550 600 650 700

773.15 823.15 873.15 923.15 973.15

28.4 30.4 32.5 34.5 36.5

0.5 MN/m2 k

V

1.75 0.551 20.54 27.39 35.14

569 643 24.8 28.7 33.2

1 750 544 279 181 16.02

43.83 53.44 64.02 75.40 88.0

38.2 43.4 49.0 54.9 61.1

18.14 20.23 24.4 26.4

67.4 73.9 80.6 87.4 94.3

28.4 30.5 32.5 34.5 36.6

101.3 115.4 130.9 146.9 163.9



1.75 0.551 0.291 0.198 6.81

1.0 M N /m2 k

fi

V

k

569 644 681 687 33.8

I 750 544 279 181 15.85

1.75 0.550 0.291 0.198 0.327

570 644 681 687 35.1

18.06 20.22

0.420 0.522

15.06 17.5

38.6 43.8 49.4 55.3 61.4

24.4 26.5

7.48 0.88

39.3 44.4 49.9 55.7 61.8

20.2 23.1 26.1 29.3 32.8

67.7 74.3 80.9 87.7 94.6

28.5 30.5 32.6 34.6 36.6

0.101 0.115 0.131 0.147 0.164

68.2 74.7 81.4 88.2 95.0

k

fi

1.74 0.549 0.292 0.199 0.156

577 651 688 693 672

1 740 546 283 186 138

0.134 0.126

8.61 10.57 —





Pressure i c ir iy c r u iu r e

5.0 M N /m 2 c

K

fi

1 750 545 280 182 135

fi

1.75 0.550 0.291 0.198 0.155

573 647 684 690 668

1 750 545 281 183 136

0.134 0.909

108 90.5 25.8 27.6

0.682 0.821

625 545 68.8 68.6 72.4

29.5 31.5 33.4 35.4 37.4

0.967 1.123 1.282 1.452 1.630

77.6 83.5 89.8 96 103

0 50 100 150 200

273.15 323.15 373.15 423.15 473.15

250 300 350 400 450

523.15 573.15 623.15 673.15 723.15

107 20.06 25.0 26.9

1.45 1.70

618 52.5 55.4 60.2 65.9

500 550 600 650 700

773.15 823.15 873.15 923.15 973.15

28.9 30.9 32.9 34.9 36.9

1.98 2.28 2.59 2.92 3.27

72.0 78.4 85.0 91.7 98.6









i V

k

1.72 0.548 0.293 0.200 0.158

585 659 695 700 681

111 93 73.5 28.6 29.6

0.136 0.127 0.122 0.285 0.376

639 571 454 107 93

31.1 32.8 34.6 36.5 38.4

0.459 0.543 0.629 0.719 0.812

93 96 101 107 113

fi

1 740 547 285 188 140

50 M N /m2

40 MN/m2

30 M N /m 2 K

V

Pressure

i e m p e r u iu r e

c

20 M N /m2

10 M N/m2 k

V

V

k

1.71 0.547 0.293 0.201 0.159

592 666 701 706 689

fi

1 730 548 287 190 143

V

k

1.70 0.545 0.294 0.203 0.161

599 672 707 713 697

fi

1 720 549 289 192 145

V

k

1.68 0.544 0.295 0.204 0.162

606 678 713 720 704

0 50 100 150 200

273.15 323.15 373.15 423.15 473.15

250 300 350 400 450

523.15 573.15 623.15 673.15 723.15

113 95.5 78.5 45.8 33.1

0.137 0.127 0.122 0.128 0.223

652 592 496 264 138

116 98.1 82.5 62.8 41.1

0.139 0.128 0.122 0.120 0.152

662 609 529 390 220

118 101 85 28.6 29.6

0.140 0.130 0.123 0.120 0.130

671 622 552 436 301

500 550 600 650 700

773.15 823.15 873.15 923.15 973.15

33.4 34.6 36.1 37.7 39.5

0.290 0.352 0.413 0.475 0.540

116 112 114 118 124

36.9 36.9 37.9 39.2 40.8

0.208 0.258 0.307 0.355 0.406

153 134 130 132 135

31.1 32.8 34.6 36.5 38.4

0.164 0.205 0.245 0.286 0.327

206 163 149 147 148

♦Adapted from: J.H. Keenan, F.G. Keyes, P.G. Hill, and J.G. Moore, “Steam Tables: Thermodynamic Properties of Water Including Vapor, Liquid, and Solid Phases”. Copyright © 1969 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Reprinted by permission of the authors and publisher. (International Edition—Metric Units).

38

Handbook of Tables for Applied Engineering Science

Table 1-14.

PROPERTIES OF GASES

Gases and Vapors, Including Fuels and Refrigerants, English and Metric Units For effects o f temperature, see Tables, 1-15, 1-19, 1-20, and 1-23. For effects o f pressure, see Tables 1-20 through 1-23. The properties o f pure gases are given at 25 deg C (77 deg F, 298 K ) and atmospheric pressure (except as stated).

Common nam e(s) Chemical formula

Acetylene (Ethyne) C 2H 2

Air [ mixture]

Refrigerant number C H EM IC A L AND PH YSIC A L PR O PER TIES Molecular weight Specific gravity, air = 1 Specific volume, ft3/lb Specific volume, m 3/kg Density of liquid (at atm bp), lb/ft3 Density of liquid (at atm bp), kg/m 3 Vapor pressure at 25 deg C, psia Vapor pressure at 25 deg C, M N /m 2 Viscosity (abs), lbm/ft sec Viscosity (abs), centipoisesa Sound velocity in gas, m/sec T H ER M A L AND T H ER M O ­ D Y N A M IC PR O PER T IES Specific heat, cp, Btu/lbdeg F or cal/g-deg C Specific heat, cp, J/kg-K Specific heat ratio, cp/cv Gas constant R, ft-lb/lb deg R Gas constant R, J/kg-deg C Thermal conductivity, Btu/hr ft deg F Thermal conductivity, W/m deg C Boiling point (sat 14.7 psia), deg F Boiling point (sat 760 mm), deg C Latent heat of evap (at bp), Btu/lb Latent heat of evap (at bp), J/kg Freezing (melting) point, deg F (1 atm) Freezing (melting) point, deg C (1 atm) Latent heat of fusion, Btu/lb Latent heat of fusion, J/kg Critical temperature, deg F Critical temperature, deg C Critical pressure, psia Critical pressure, M N/m 2 Critical volume, ft3/lb Critical volume, m 3/kg Flammable (yes or no) Heat of combustion, Btu/ft3 Heat of combustion, Btu/lb Heat of combustion, kJ/kg "For N sec/m2 divide by I 000.

26.04 0.90 14.9 0.93 43.0 693.

Ammonia, anhyd. NHZ

Argon Ar

729

717

740

28.966

17.02 0.59 23.0 1.43 42.6 686. 145.4

39.948 1.38 9.80 0.622 87.0 1 400.

1.00

13.5 0.842 54.6 879.

1.00

6.72 x 10 ~6 0.01

343

0.40 1 674. 1.25 59.3 319 0.014 0.024 -1 0 3 -7 5 264 614 000 -1 1 6 - 8 2 .2 23. 53 500 97.1 36.2 907. 6.25

Yes 1 450 21 600 50 200

12.1 x 1 0 " 6

0.018 346

0.240 3 1 005. 1.40 53.3 286.8 0.015 1 0.026 -3 2 0 -1 9 5

6.72 x 10 ' 6 0 .0 1 0

415

23 200 - 2 2 0 .5 - 1 4 0 .3 550. 3.8 0.050 0.003 No — —

0.52 2 175. 1.3 90.8 488. 0.015 0.026 -2 8 . -3 3 .3 589.3 1 373 000 - 1 0 7 .9 -7 7 .7 143.0 332 300 271.4 132.5 1 650. 11.4 0.068 0.004 24 No — —





8 8 .2

205 000. - 3 5 7 .2 - 2 1 6 .2 10.0

13.4 x 10 ~ 6 0 .0 2

322

0.125 523. 1.67 38.7 208. 0 .0 1 0 2

0.017 2 -3 0 3 . -1 8 6 70. 163 000 - 3 0 8 .5 - 1 8 9 .2

- 1 8 7 .6 -1 2 2

707. 4.87 0.029 9 0.001 86

No — — —

1.1

Table 1-14.

39

PROPERTIES OF GASES (Continued)

Common nam e(s) Butadiene Chemical formula

Gases and Vapors

c *h

6

Refrigerant number

n-Butane

Isobutane (2-M ethyl propane)

C * H i0

Q t f io

600

!

1-Butene ( Butylene) c 4h

8

600a

1

: h e m ic a l a n d p h y s ic a l PR O PER T IES Molecular weight Specific gravity, air = 1 Specific volume, ft3/lb Specific volume, m3/kg Density o f liquid (at atm bp), lb/ft 3 Density o f liquid (at atm bp), kg/m 3 Vapor pressure at 25 deg C, psia Vapor pressure at 25 deg C, M N /m 2 Viscosity (abs), lbm/ft sec Viscosity (abs), centipoises0 Sound velocity in gas, m/sec THERM AL AND T H ER M O ­ D Y N A M IC PRO PER TIES Specific heat, cp, Btu/lb deg F or cal/gdeg C Specific heat, cp, J/kg-K Specific heat ratio, cp/cv Gas constant R , ft-lb/'lb deg F Gas constant R, J/kg deg C Thermal conductivity, Btu/hr ft deg F Thermal conductivity, W/m deg C Boiling point (sat 14.7 psia), deg F Boiling point (sat 760 mm), deg C Latent heat of evap (at bp), Btu/lb Latent heat of evap (at bp), J/kg Freezing (melting) point, deg F (1 atm) Freezing (melting) point, deg C (1 atm) Latent heat of fusion, Btu/lb Latent heat of fusion, J/kg Critical temperature, deg F Critical temperature, deg C Critical pressure, psia Critical pressure, M N/m 2 Critical volume, ft3/lb Critical volume, m3/kg Flammable (yes or no) Heat of combustion, Btu/ft3 Heat of combustion, Btu/lb Heat of combustion, kJ/kg

For N-sec/m2 divide by 1 000.

54.09 1.87 7.1 0.44

| j ; ! |

226

0.341 1 427.

58.12 2.07 6.5 0.405 37.5 604. 35.4 0.024 4 4.8 x 10 ~6 0.007 216

0.39 1 675. 1.096 26.56 143.

1.12

28.55 154.

0.01

24.1 - 4 .5

-1 6 4 . -1 0 9 .

171. 652.

Yes 2 950 20 900 48 600

!

|

0.017 31.2 -0 .4 165.6 386 000 -2 1 7 . -1 3 8 19.2 44 700 306 152. 550. 3.8 0.070 0.004 3 Yes 3 300 21 400 49 700

58.12 2.07 6.5 0.418 37.2 599. 50.4 0.347

216

0.39 1 630. 1.10

26.56 143.

56.108 1.94 6.7 0.42

222

0.36 1 505. 1 .112

27.52 148.

0.01

0.017 10.8

2 0 .6

- 11.8 157.5 366 000 -2 2 9 -1 4 5

- 6 .3 167.9

273. 134. 537. 3.7

Yes 3 300 21 400 49 700

391 0 0 0 - 3 0 1 .6 - 1 8 5 .3 16.4 38 100 291. 144. 621. 4.28 0.068 0.004 2 Yes 3 150 21 000

48 800

40

Handbook of Tables for Applied Engineering Science

Table 1-14.

PROPERTIES OF GASES (Continued)

Common nam e(s)

cis-2Butene

Chemical formula

c ah s

trans-2Butene C 4/ / 8

Isobutene C 4H 8

Refrigerant number C H EM IC A L AND PH YSIC A L PR O PER T IES Molecular weight Specific gravity, air = 1 Specific volume, ft3/lb Specific volume, m3/kg Density of liquid (at atm bp), lb/ft3 Density of liquid (at atm bp), kg/m 3 Vapor pressure at 25 deg C, psia Vapor pressure at 25 deg C, M N/m 2 Viscosity (abs), lbm/ft sec Viscosity (abs), centipoisesa Sound velocity in gas, m/sec T H E R M A L AND T H ER M O ­ D Y N A M IC PR O PER TIES Specific heat, cp, Btu/lb deg F or cal/g deg C Specific heat, cp, J/kg-K Specific heat ratio, cp/c v Gas constant R , ft-lb/lb deg F Gas constant R, J/kg deg C Thermal conductivity, B tu /h rftd eg F Thermal conductivity, W /m deg C Boiling point (sat 14.7 psia), deg F Boiling point (sat 760 mm), deg C Latent heat of evap (at bp), Btu/lb Latent heat of evap (at bp), J/kg Freezing (melting) point, deg F (1 atm) Freezing (melting) point, deg C (1 atm) Latent heat of fusion, Btu/lb Latent heat of fusion, J/kg Critical temperature, deg F Critical temperature, deg C Critical pressure, psia Critical pressure, M N /m 2 Critical volume, ft3/lb Critical volume, m 3/kg Flammable (yes or no) Heat of combustion, Btu/ft 3 Heat of combustion, Btu/lb Heat of combustion, kJ/kg “For N-sec/m2 divide by 1 000. ^Sublimes.

Carbon dioxide co2 744

56.108 1.94 6.7 0.42

223.

0.327 1 368. 1.121

56.108 1.94 6.7 0.42

221.

0.365 1 527. 1.107

56.108 1.94 6.7 0.42

221.

0.37 1 548. 1.10

44.01 1.52 8 .8

0.55

931. 6.42 9.4 x 10 ' 6 0.014 270.

0.205 876. 1.30 35.1 189. 0.01

38.6 3.7 178.9 416 000. -2 1 8 . - 1 3 8 .9 31.2 72 600.

33.6 0.9 174.4 406 000. -1 5 8 . - 1 0 5 .5 41.6 96 800.

19.2 - 7 .1 169. 393 000.

25.3 58 800.

0.017 -1 0 9 .4 * - 7 8 .5 246. 572 000.

— 88.

160. 595. 4.10

Yes 3 150. 21 0 0 0 . 48 800.

31. 1 072. 7.4

155. 610. 4.20

Yes 3 150. 21 0 0 0 . 48 800.

Yes 3 150. 21 0 0 0 . 48 800.

No — — —

1.1

Table 1-14. Common nam e(s) Chemical formula

Gases and Vapors

PROPERTIES OF GASES (Continued) Carbon monoxide CO

Chlorine

Deuterium

Cl2

d

2

Refrigerant number C H E M IC A L AND PH YSIC A L PRO PER TIES Molecular weight Specific gravity, air = 1 Specific volume, ft3/lb Specific volume, m 3/kg Density of liquid (at atm bp), lb/ft3 Density of liquid (at atm bp), kg/m 3 Vapor pressure at 25 deg C, psia Vapor pressure at 25 deg C, M N /m 2 Viscosity (abs), lbm/ft-sec Viscosity (abs), centipoises" Sound velocity in gas, m/sec T H ER M A L AND T H ER M O ­ D Y N A M IC PRO PER TIES Specific heat, cp, Btu/lb deg F or cal/g-dcg C Specific heat, cp, J/kg-K Specific heat ratio, cpjc v Gas constant R, ft-lb/lb deg F Gas constant R, J/kg-deg C Thermal conductivity, Btu/hr-ft-deg F Thermal conductivity, W/m-deg C Boiling point (sat 14.7 psia), deg F Boiling point (sat 760 mm), deg C Latent heat of evap (at bp), Btu/lb Latent heat of evap (at bp), J/kg Freezing (melting) point, deg F (1 atm) Freezing (melting) point, deg C (1 atm) Latent heat of fusion, Btu/lb Latent heat of fusion, J/kg Critical temperature, deg F Critical temperature, deg C Critical pressure, psia Critical pressure, M N/m 2 Critical volume, ft3/lb Critical volume, m3/kg Flammable (yes or no) Heat of combustion, Btu/ft3 Heat of combustion, Btu/lb Heat of combustion, kJ/kg

"For N sec/m2 divide by I 000.

41

Ethane c 2h

6

170

28.011 0.967 14.0 0.874

12.1 x 1 0 " 6

0.018 352.

0.25 1 046. 1.40 55.2 297. 0.014 0.024 - 3 1 2 .7 - 1 9 1 .5 92.8 216 0 0 0 . -3 3 7 . -2 0 5 . 12.8

- 220. -1 4 0 . 507. 3.49 0.053 0.003 3 Yes 310. 4 340. 10 100 .

70.906 2.45 5.52 0.344 97.3 1 559.

9.4 x 10 " 6 0.014 215.

0.114 477. 1.35 2 1 .8

117. 0.005 0.008 7 -2 9 .2 -3 4 . 123.7 288 0 0 0 . -1 5 0 . - 101. 41.0 95 400. 291. 144. 1 120. 7.72 0.028 0.001 75 No — — —

2.014 0.070 194.5 12.12

0.756 0.005 2 8.75 x 10 " 6 0.013 930.

1.73 7 238. 1.40 384. 2 066. 0.081 0.140

- 3 9 0 .6 - 2 3 4 .8 241. 1.66

0.239 0.014 9

30.070 1.04 13.025 0.815 28. 449.

64. x 10 " 6 0.095 316.

0.41 1 715. 1.20

51.4 276. 0 .0 1 0

0.017 -1 2 7 . - 8 8 .3 210. 488 000. -2 7 8 . - 1 7 2 .2 41. 95 300. 90.1 32.2 709. 4.89 0.076 0.004 7 Yes 2 2 300.

51 800.

42

Handbook of Tables for Applied Engineering Science

Table 1-14. Common name( s) Chemical formula Refrigerant number C H E M IC A L AND PH YSIC A L PR O PER TIES Molecular weight Specific gravity, air = 1 Specific volume, ft3/lb Specific volume, m3/kg Density of liquid (at atm bp), lb/ft 3 Density of liquid (at atm bp), kg/m 3 Vapor pressure at 25 deg C, psia Vapor pressure at 25 deg C, M N/m 2 Viscosity (abs), lbm/ft sec Viscosity (abs), centipoisesa Sound velocity in gas, m/sec

T H E R M A L AND T H ER M O ­ D Y N A M IC PR O PER T IES Specific heat, cp, Btu/lb-deg F or cal/g-deg C Specific heat, cp, J/kg-K Specific heat ratio, cpjcv Gas constant R, ft-lb/lb deg F Gas constant R , J/kg-deg C Thermal conductivity, Btu/hr-ft-deg F Thermal conductivity, W/m-deg C Boiling point (sat 14.7 psia), deg F Boiling point (sat 760 mm), deg C Latent heat of evap (at bp), Btu/lb Latent heat of evap (at bp), J/kg Freezing (melting) point, deg F (1 atm) Freezing (melting) point, deg C (1 atm) Latent heat of fusion, Btu/lb Latent heat of fusion, J/kg Critical temperature, deg F Critical temperature, deg C Critical pressure, psia Critical pressure, M N /m 2 Critical volume, ft3/lb Critical volume, m3/kg Flammable (yes or no) Heat of combustion, Btu/ft 3 Heat of combustion, Btu/lb Heat of combustion, kJ/kg

“For N-sec/m2 divide by 1 000.

PROPERTIES OF GASES (Continued) Ethyl chloride C 2H 5Cl

Ethylene ( Ethene) C 2H 4

160

1150

64.515 2.23 6.07 0.378 56.5 905.

28.054 0.969 13.9 0.87 35.5 569.

6.72 x 10 " 6 0 .0 1 0

204.

331.

0.27 1 130. 1.13 24.0 129.

0.37 1 548. 1.24 55.1 296. 0 .0 1 0

54. 12.2

166. 386 000. -2 1 8 . - 1 3 8 .9 29.3 68 100 . 368.6 187. 764. 5.27 0.049 0.003 06 No — —



0.017 -1 5 5 . - 1 0 3 .8 208. 484 000. -2 7 2 . -1 6 9 . 51.5 120 0 0 0 . 49. 9.5 741. 5.11 0.073 0.004 6 Yes 1 480. 20 600. 47 800.

Fluorine Fi

37.996 1.31 10.31 0.706

16.1 x 1 0 " 6 0.024 290.

0.198 828. 1.35 40.7 219. 0.016 0.028 - 3 0 6 .4 -1 8 8 . 74. 172 0 0 0 . -3 6 4 . - 220. 11 . 25 600. -2 0 0

-1 2 9 . 810. 5.58

1.1

Table 1-14.

Fluorocarbons C Cl3F

c c i 2f 2

c c if 3

11

12

13

Refrigerant number C H E M IC A L AND PH YSIC A L PR O PER T IES Molecular weight Specific gravity, air = 1 Specific volume, ft3/Ib Specific volume, m3/kg Density of liquid (at atm bp), lb/ft 3 Density of liquid (at atm bp), kg/m 3 Vapor pressure at 25 deg C, psia Vapor pressure at 25 deg C, M N /m 2 Viscosity (abs), lbm /ftsec Viscosity (abs), centipoises* Sound velocity in gas, m/sec T H E R M A L AND T H ER M O ­ D Y N A M IC PRO PER TIES Specific heat, cp, Btu/lb-deg F or cal/gdeg C Specific heat, cp, J/kg-K Specific heat ratio, cpjcv Gas constant R , ft-lb/lb-deg F Gas constant R, J/kg-deg C Thermal conductivity, Btu/hr-ft-deg F Thermal conductivity, W/m-deg C Boiling point (sat 14.7 psia), deg F Boiling point (sat 760 mm), deg C Latent heat of evap (at bp), Btu/lb Latent heat of evap (at bp), J/kg Freezing (melting) point, deg F (1 atm) Freezing (melting) point, deg C (1 atm) Latent heat of fusion, Btu/lb Latent heat of fusion, J/kg Critical temperature, deg F Critical temperature, deg C Critical pressure, psia Critical pressure, M N/m 2 Critical volume, ft3/lb Critical volume, m 3/kg Flammable (yes or no) Heat of combustion, Btu/ft 3 Heat of combustion, Btu/lb Heat of combustion, kJ/kg

"For N sec/m2 divide by 1 000.

43

PROPERTIES OF GASES (Continued)

Common nam e(s) Chemical formula

Gases and Vapors

137.37 4.74 2.74 0.171 92.1 1 475.

7.39 x 10 " 6 0.011

0.14 586. 1.14

0.005 0.008 7 74.9 23.8 77.5 180 0 0 0 . -1 6 8 . - 111 .

388.4 198. 635. 4.38 0.028 9 0.001 80 No

120.91 4.17 3.12 0.195 93.0 1 490. 94.51 0.652 8.74 x 10 ~6 0.013

0.146 611. 1.14

104.46 3.61 3.58 0.224 95.0 1 522. 516. 3.56

\

CBrF3 13B1

148.91 5.14 2.50 0.975 124.4 1 993. 234.8 1.619

0.154 644. 1.145

0.006 0.010 4 - 21.8 - 2 9 .9 71.1 165 000. -2 5 2 . - 1 5 7 .8

233. 111.7 582. 4.01 0.287 0.018 No

- 1 1 4 .6 - 8 1 .4 63.0 147 000. -2 9 4 . - 1 8 1 .1

83.9 28.8 559. 3.85 0.027 7 0.001 73 No

-7 2 . - 5 7 .8 51.1 119 000. -2 7 0 . - 1 6 7 .8

152. 66.7 573. 3.95 0.021 5 0.001 34 No













— —









44

Handbook of Tables for Applied Engineering Science

Table 1-14.

PROPERTIES OF GASES (Continued)

Common nam e(s) Chemicalformula Refrigerant number C H EM IC A L AND PH YSIC A L PR O PER T IES Molecular weight Specific gravity, air = 1 Specific volume, ft3/lb Specific volume, m 3/kg Density of liquid (at atm bp), lb/ft3 Density of liquid (at atm bp), kg/m 3 Vapor pressure at 25 deg C , psia Vapor pressure at 25 deg C , M N/m 2 Viscosity (abs), lbm/ft-sec Viscosity (abs), centipoises* Sound velocity in gas, m/sec T H ER M A L AND T H ER M O ­ D Y N A M IC PR O PER TIES Specific heat, cp, Btu/lb-deg F or cal/g-deg C Specific heat, cp, J/kg-K Specific heat ratio, cp/cv Gas constant R, ft-lb/lb-deg F Gas constant R, J/kg-deg C Thermal conductivity, Btu/hr-ft-deg F Thermal conductivity, W/m-deg C Boiling point (sat 14.7 psia), deg F Boiling point (sat 760 mm), deg C Latent heat of evap (at bp), Btu/lb Latent heat of evap (at bp), J/kg Freezing (melting) point, deg F (1 atm) Freezing (melting) point, deg C (1 atm) Latent heat of fusion, Btu/lb Latent heat of fusion, J/kg Critical temperature, deg F Critical temperature, deg C Critical pressure, psia Critical pressure, M N/m 2 Critical volume, ft3/lb Critical volume, m3/kg Flammable (yes or no) Heat of combustion, Btu/ft 3 Heat of combustion, Btu/lb Heat of combustion, kJ/kg

"For N sec/m2 divide by 1 000.

Fluorocarbons CF,

CHCUF

c h c if 2

C 2Cl2FA

14

21

22

114

88 .0 0

3.04 4.34 0.271 102.0

1 634.

102.92 3.55 3.7 0.231 87.7 1 405. 26.4 0.182 8.06 x 1 0 ~ 6 0 .0 1 2

0.139 582. 1.18

86.468 2.99 4.35 0.271 8 8 .2

1 413. 151.4 1.044 8.74 x 10 " 6 0.013

0.001 6

No —

48.1 9.0 104.1 242 000. - 211. -1 3 5 .

353.3 178.5 750. 5.17 0.030 7 0.001 91 No —









2 .6

0.162 94.8 1 519. 30.9 0.213 8.06 x 1 0 " 6 0 .0 1 2

0.157 657. 1.185

0.158 661. 1.09

0.007

0.006

0 .0 1 2

- 1 9 8 .2 - 1 2 7 .9 58.5 136 000. -2 9 9 . - 1 8 3 .8 2.53 5 880. -4 9 .9 -4 5 .5 610. 4.21 0.025

170.92 5.90

-4 1 .3 -4 0 .7 100.4 234 000. -2 5 6 . -1 6 0 .

204.8 96.5 715. 4.93 0.030 5 0.001 90 No — — —

0 .0 1 0

38.4 3.55 58.4 136 000. -1 3 7 . -9 3 .8

294. 475. 3.28 0.027 5 0.001 71 No — — —

1.1

Table 1-14.

Gases and Vapors

45

PROPERTIES OF GASES (Continued)

Common nam e(s) Chemical formula Refrigerant number C H E M IC A L AND PH YSIC A L PR O PER T IES Molecular weight Specific gravity, air = 1 Specific volume, ft3/lb Specific volume, m 3/kg Density of liquid (at atm bp), lb/ft3 Density of liquid (at atm bp), kg/m 3 Vapor pressure at 25 deg C, psia Vapor pressure at 25 deg C, M N/m 2 Viscosity (abs), lbm/ft sec Viscosity (abs), centipoisesa Sound velocity in gas, m/sec T H E R M A L AND TH ER M O ­ D YN A M IC PR O PER TIES Specific heat, cp, Btu/lbdeg F or cal/g-deg C Specific heat, cp, J/kg-K Specific heat ratio, cp/cv Gas constant R, ft-lb/lb-deg F Gas constant R, J/kg-deg C Thermal conductivity, Btu/hr-ft-deg F Thermal conductivity, W/m-deg C Boiling point (sat 14.7 psia), deg F Boiling point (sat 760 mm), deg C Latent heat of evap (at bp), Btu/lb Latent heat of evap (at bp), J/kg Freezing (melting) point, deg F (1 atm) Freezing (melting) point, deg C (1 atm) Latent heat of fusion, Btu/lb Latent heat of fusion, J/kg Critical temperature, deg F Critical temperature, deg C Critical pressure, psia Critical pressure, M N/m 2 Critical volume, ft3/lb Critical volume, m 3/kg Flammable (yes or no) Heat of combustion, Btu/ft 3 Heat of combustion, Btu/lb Heat of combustion, kJ/kg

"For N-sec/m2 divide by 1 000. bHelium cannot be solidified at atmospheric pressure.

Helium

Fluorocarbons c 2c i f 5

115

154.47 5.33 2.44 0.152 96.5 1 546. 132.1 0.911

c

2h 3c i f 2 142b

100.50 3.47 3.7 0.231 74.6 1 195. 49.1 0.338 5

C 2H J 2

He

152a

704

66.05 2.28 5.9 0.368 62.8 1 006.

|

4.002 6 0.138 97.86 6.11

7.80 125.

86.8

0.596 13.4 x 10 ~ 6 0 .0 2

1 015.

1.24 5 188.

0.161 674. 1.091

-3 8 .0 -3 8 .9 53.4 124 000. -1 4 9 . - 100.6

1.66

14. - 10.0 92.5 215 000.

387.

176. 457.6 3.155 0.026 1 0.001 63 No

-1 3 . - 2 5 .0 137.1 319 000.

No

No

— —

— —

— —







386. 2 077. 0.086 0.149 -4 5 2 . 4.22 K 10.0

23 300. b — — — - 4 5 0 .3 5.2 K 33.22 0.231 0.014 4 No — — —

46

Handbook of Tables for Applied Engineering Science

Table 1-14. Common nam e(s) Chemical formula Refrigerant number C H E M IC A L AN D PH YSIC A L PR O PER T IES Molecular weight Specific gravity, air = 1 Specific volume, ft3/lb Specific volume, m 3/kg Density of liquid (at atm bp), lb/ft3 Density of liquid (at atm bp), kg/m 3 Vapor pressure at 25 deg C, psia Vapor pressure at 25 deg C, M N /m 2 Viscosity (abs), lbm/ft sec Viscosity (abs), centipoises" Sound velocity in gas, m/sec T H ER M A L AN D T H ER M O ­ D Y N A M IC PR O PER T IES Specific heat, cp> Btu/lb-deg F or cal/g-deg C Specific heat, cp, J/kg-K Specific heat ratio, cp/c v Gas constant R , ft-lb/lb deg F Gas constant R , J/kg-deg C Thermal conductivity, Btu/hr-ft-deg F Thermal conductivity, W/m-deg C Boiling point (sat 14.7 psia), deg F Boiling point (sat 760 mm), deg C Latent heat of evap (at bp), Btu/lb Latent heat of evap (at bp), J/kg Freezing (melting) point, deg F (1 atm) Freezing (melting) point, deg C (1 atm) Latent heat of fusion, Btu/lb Latent heat of fusion, J/kg Critical temperature, deg F Critical temperature, deg C Critical pressure, psia Critical pressure, M N /m 2 Critical volume, ft3/lb Critical volume, m3/kg Flammable (yes or no) Heat of combustion, Btu/ft 3 Heat of combustion, Btu/lb Heat of combustion, kJ/kg

“For N-sec/m 2 divide by 1 000.

PROPERTIES OF GASES (Continued)

Hydrogen h

2

Hydrogen chloride HCl

Hydrogen sulfide h 2s

Krypton Kr

702

2.016 0.070 194. 12.1

4.43 71.0

6.05 x 10 " 6 0.009 1 315.

3.42 14 310. 1.405 767. 4 126. 0.105 0.018 2 -4 2 3 . 20.4 K 192. 447 000. - 4 3 4 .6 -2 5 9 .1 25.0 58 000. - 3 9 9 .8 - 2 4 0 .0 189. 1.30 0.53 0.033 Yes 320. 62 050. 144 000.

36.461 1.26 10.74 0.670 74.4 1 192.

10.1 x 1 0 " 6

0.015 310.

0.194 812. 1.39 42.4 228. 0.008 0.014 - 121. -8 5 . 190.5 443 000. - 1 6 9 .6 - 112. 23.4 54 400. 124. 51.2 1 201. 8.28 0.038 0.002 4 No — — —

34.076 1.18 11.5 0.093 0 62. 993.

8.74 x 10 " 6 0.013 302.

0.23 962. 1.33 45.3 244. 0.008 0.014 -7 6 . -6 0 . 234. 544 000. - 1 1 9 .2 -8 4 . 30.2 70 200. 213. 100.4 1 309. 9.02 0.046 0.002 9 Yes 700. 8 000. 18 600.

83.80 2.89 4.67 0.291 150.6 2 413.

16.8 x 1 0 ' 6 0.025 223.

0.059 247. 1.68

18.4 99.0 0.005 4 0.009 3 -2 4 4 . -1 5 3 . 46.4 108 0 0 0 . -2 7 2 . -1 6 9 . 4.7 10 900. - 6 3 .8 800. 5.52 0.017 7 0 .0 0 1 1

No — — —

1.1

Table 1-14. Common nam e(s) Chemical formula

T H ER M A L AND T H ER M O ­ D Y N A M IC PR O PER TIES Specific heat, cp, Btu/lb deg F or cal/g-deg C Specific heat, cp, J/kg-K Specific heat ratio, cp/c v Gas constant R, ft-lb/lb-deg F Gas constant R, J/kg-deg C Thermal conductivity, Btu/hr-ft-deg F Thermal conductivity, W/m-deg C Boiling point (sat 14.7 psia), deg F Boiling point (sat 760 mm), deg C Latent heat of evap (at bp), Btu/lb Latent heat of evap (at bp), J/kg Freezing (melting) point, deg F (1 atm) Freezing (melting) point, deg C (1 atm) Latent heat of fusion, Btu/lb Latent heat of fusion, J/kg Critical temperature, deg F Critical temperature, deg C Critical pressure, psia Critical pressure, M N/m 2 Critical volume, ft3/lb Critical volume, m3/kg Flammable (yes or no) Heat of combustion, Btu/ft 3 Heat of combustion, Btu/lb Heat of combustion, kJ/kg

'F or N-sec/m2 divide by 1 000.

47

PROPERTIES OF GASES (Continued)

CHa

Methyl chloride C H zCl

50

40

Methane

Refrigerant number C H EM IC A L AND PH YSIC A L PR O PER TIES Molecular weight Specific gravity, air = 1 Specific volume, ft3/lb Specific volume, m3/kg Density of liquid (at atm bp), lb/ft3 Density of liquid (at atm bp), kg/m 3 Vapor pressure at 25 deg C, psia Vapor pressure at 25 deg C, M N /m 2 Viscosity (abs), lbm/ft-sec Viscosity (abs), centipoises" Sound velocity in gas, m/sec

Gases and Vapors

16.044 0.554 24.2 1.51 26.3 421.

7.39 x 10 ~ 6 0.011

446.

0.54 2 260.

1.31 96. 518. 0 .0 2

0.035 -2 5 9 . - 4 3 4 .2 219.2 510 000. - 2 9 6 .6 - 1 8 2 .6 14. 32 600. -1 1 6 . -8 2 .3 673. 4.64 0.099 0.006 2 Yes 985. 2 290.

50.488 1.74 7.4 0.462 62.7 1 004. 82.2 0.567 7.39 x 10 ~6 0 .011

251.

0 .2 0

837. 1.28 30.6 165. 0.006 0 .0 1 0

-1 0 .7 - 2 3 .7 184.1 428 000. -1 4 4 . -9 7 .8 56. 130 0 0 0 . 289.4 143. 968. 6.67 0.043 0.002 7 Yes

Nitric oxide NO

Neon Ne 720

20.179 0.697 19.41 1.211

30.006 1.04 13.05 0.814

75.35 1 207.

21.5 x 10 ~ 6 0.032 454.

0.246 1 030. 1.64 76.6 412. 0.028 0.048 - 4 1 0 .9 -2 4 6 . 37. 86 1 0 0 . - 4 1 5 .6 - 2 4 8 .7 6 .8

15 800. - 3 7 9 .8 - 2 2 8 .8 396. 2.73 0.033 0 .0 0 2 0

No —

12.8 x 1 0 " 6

0.019 341.

0.235 983. 1.40 51.5 277. 0.015 0.026 -2 4 0 . - 1 5 1 .5

-2 5 8 . -1 6 1 . 32.9 76 500. -1 3 6 . -9 3 .3 945. 6.52 0.033 2 0.002 07 No — -

48

Handbook of Tables for Applied Engineering Science

Table 1-14. Common nam e(s)

PROPERTIES OF GASES (Continued)

Chemical formula

n2

Nitrous oxide N 20

Refrigerant number

728

744A

C H E M IC A L AND PH Y S IC A L PR O PER T IES Molecular weight Specific gravity, air = 1 Specific volume, ft3/lb Specific volume, m 3/kg Density of liquid (at atm bp), lb/ft3 Density of liquid (at atm bp), kg/m 3 Vapor pressure at 25 deg C, psia Vapor pressure at 25 deg C, M N /m 2 Viscosity (abs), lbm/ft-sec Viscosity (abs), centipoises" Sound velocity in gas, m/sec T H E R M A L AND T H ER M O ­ D Y N A M IC PR O PER T IES Specific heat, cp, Btu/lb-deg F or cal/g-deg C Specific heat, cp, J/kg-K Specific heat ratio, cp/c v Gas constant R , ft-lb/lb-deg F Gas constant R , J/kg-deg C Thermal conductivity, Btu/hr-ft-deg F Thermal conductivity, W/m-deg C Boiling point (sat 14.7 psia), deg F Boiling point (sat 760 mm), deg C Latent heat of evap (at bp), Btu/lb Latent heat of evap (at bp), J/kg Freezing (melting) point, deg F (1 atm) Freezing (melting) point, deg C (1 atm) Latent heat of fusion, Btu/lb Latent heat of fusion, J/kg Critical temperature, deg F Critical temperature, deg C Critical pressure, psia Critical pressure, M N /m 2 Critical volume, ft3/lb Critical volume, m 3/kg Flammable (yes or no) Heat of combustion, Btu/ft3 Heat of combustion, Btu/lb Heat of combustion, kJ/kg

“For N sec/m2 divide by 1 000.

Nitrogen

28.013 4 0.967 13.98 0.872 50.46 808.4

12.1 x 1 0 " 6

0.018 353.

0.249 1 040. 1.40 55.2 297. 0.015 0.026 - 3 2 0 .4 - 1 9 5 .8 85.5 199 000. -3 4 6 . - 210. 11.1

25 800. - 2 3 2 .6 -1 4 7 . 493. 3.40 0.051 0.003 18 No — — —

44.012 1.52 8.90 0.555 76.6 1 227.

10.1 x 1 0 " 6

0.015 268.

0.21

879. 1.31 35.1 189. 0 .0 1 0

0.017 - 1 2 7 .3 -8 8 .5 161.8 376 000. - 1 3 1 .5 -9 0 .8 63.9 149 000. 97.7 36.5 1 052. 7.25 0.036 0 .0 0 2 2

No — — —

Oxygen

Ozone

o2

o3

732

31.998 8 1.105 12.24 0.764 71.27 1 142.

13.4 x 10 " 6 0 .0 2 0

47.998 1.66

8.16 0.509

8.74 x 10 " 6 0.013

329.

0 .2 2 0

920. 1.40 48.3 260. 0.015 0.026 - 2 9 7 .3 - 1 8 2 .9 7 91.7 213 000. -3 6 1 .1 -2 1 8 .4 5.9 13 700. - 1 8 1 .5 - 1 1 8 .6 726. 5.01 0.040 0.002 5 No — — —

0.196 820. 32.2 173. 0.019 0.033 -1 7 0 . - 11 2 .

- 3 1 5 .5 -1 9 3 . 97.2 226 0 0 0 . 16. -9 . 800. 5.52 0.029 8 0 .0 0 1 86

No — — —

1.1

Table 1-14. Common nam e(s) Chemical formula Refrigerant number C H EM IC A L AND PH YSIC A L PR O PER TIES Molecular weight Specific gravity, air = 1 Specific volume, ft3/lb Specific volume, m 3/kg Density of liquid (at atm bp), lb/ft3 Density of liquid (at atm bp), kg/m 3 Vapor pressure at 25 deg C, psia Vapor pressure at 25 deg C, M N/m 2 Viscosity (abs), lbm/ft*sec Viscosity (abs), centipoises" Sound velocity in gas, m/sec T H ER M A L AND T H ER M O ­ D Y N A M IC PR O PER TIES Specific heat, cp, Btu/lb deg F or cal/g-deg C Specific heat, cp, J/kg-K Specific heat ratio, cp/cv Gas constant R , ft-lb/lb-deg F Gas constant R, J/kg-deg C Thermal conductivity, Btu/hr-ft-deg F Thermal conductivity, W/m-deg C Boiling point (sat 14.7 psia), deg F Boiling point (sat 760 mm), deg C Latent heat of evap (at bp), Btu/lb Latent heat of evap (at bp), J/kg Freezing (melting) point, deg F (1 atm) Freezing (melting) point, deg C (1 atm) Latent heat of fusion, Btu/lb Latent heat of fusion, J/kg Critical temperature, deg F Critical temperature, deg C Critical pressure, psia Critical pressure, M N/m 2 Critical volume, ft3/lb Critical volume, m 3/kg Flammable (yes or no) Heat of combustion, Btu/ft 3 Heat of combustion, Btu/lb Heat of combustion, kJ/kg

“For N-sec/m2 divide by 1 000.

Gases and Vapors

49

PROPERTIES OF GASES (Continued)

C 3H s

Propylene (Propene) c ,h 6

Sulfur dioxide S02

290

1270

764

Propane

44.097 1.52 8.84 0.552 36.2 580. 135.7 0.936 53.8 x 10 " 6 0.080 253.

0.39 1 630. 1.2

35.0 188. 0 .0 1 0

0.017 -4 4 . -4 2 .2 184. 428 000. - 3 0 9 .8 - 1 8 9 .9 19.1 44 400. 205. 96. 618. 4.26 0.073 0.004 5 Yes 2 450. 21 660. 50 340.

42.08 1.45 9.3 0.58 37.5 601. 166.4 1.147 57.1 x 10 " 6 0.085 261.

0.36 1 506. 1.16 36.7 197. 0 .0 1 0

0.017 -5 4 . -4 8 .3 188.2 438 000. -3 0 1 . -1 8 5 .

197. 91.7 668. 4.61 0.069 0.004 3 Yes 2 310. 21 500. 50 000.

64.06 2.21 6.11

42.8 585. 56.6 0.390 8.74 x 10 ~ 6 0.013 220.

0.11

460. 1.29 24.1 130. 0.006 0 .0 1 0

14.0 - 10. 155.5 362 000. -1 0 4 . -7 5 .5 58.0 135 000. 315.5 157.6 1 141. 7.87 0.03 0.001 9 No — —



Xenon Xe

131.30 4.53 2.98 190.8 3 060.

15.5 x 10 ~6 0.023 177.

0.115 481. 1.67 11.8

63.5 0.003 0.005 2 - 1 6 2 .5 -1 0 8 . 41.4 96 000. - 220. -1 4 0 . 10 . 23 300. 61.9 16.6 852. 5.87 0.014 5 0.000 90 No — — —

50

Handbook of Tables for Applied Engineering Science

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