Contemporary Art and Anthropology

This work challenges the reluctance that exists within anthropology to pursue alternative strategies of research, creati

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Contemporary Art and Anthropology

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Contemporary Art and Anthropology

Contemporary Art and Anthropology _.,, �

Edited by Arnd Schneider and Christopher Wright

�BERG

Oxford • New York

English edition First published in 2006 by Berg Editorial offices: First Floor, Angel Court, 81 St Clements Street, Oxford OX4 lAW, UK 175 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY10010, USA

© Amd Schneider and Christopher Wright 2006

All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form or by any means without the written permission of Berg.

Berg is the imprint of Oxford International Publishers Ltd.

Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data A catalogue record for this book is available from the Library of Congress.

British Library Cataloguing-in-Publication Data A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library.

ISBN-13 978 184520102 9 (Cloth) 978 184520103 6 (Paper) ISBN-10 184520102 7 (Cloth) 184520103 5 (Paper)

Typeset by JS Typesetting Ltd, Porthcawl, Mid Glamorgan Printed in the United Kingdom by Biddies Ltd, King's Lynn

www.bergpublishers.com

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Contents List of Figures

vii

Notes on Contributors

xii

Acknowledgements

xvi

1

The Challenge of Practice Arnd Schneider and Christopher Wright

2

Appropriations Arnd Schneider

3

Moon and Mother: Francesco Clemente's Orient Christopher Pinney

53

4

Where Green Grass Comes to Meet Blue Sky: A Trajectory of Josef Sima Michael Richardson

63

5

Encounters with the Work of Susan Hiller Denise Robinson

71

6

Reflections on Art and Agency: Knot-sculpture between Mathematics and Art Susanne Kuchler

85

7

Artists in the Field: Between Art and Anthropology Fernando Calzadilla and George E. Marcus

95

8

Photographic Essay Dave Lewis

117

Dialogues With Dave Lewis, Rainer Wittenborn, Claus Biegert, Nikolaus Lang and Rimer Cardillo Arnd Schneider and Christopher Wright

125

9

1

29

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CONTENTS

10

Travels in a New World: Work around a Diasporic Theme by

Mohini Chandra Elizabeth Edwards

11

No Borders: The Ancient American Roots of Abstraction Cesar Paternosto

12

157

Carlos Capelan: Our Modernity not Theirs Jonathan Friedman

13

147

169

The Case of Tattooing Nicholas Thomas

177

Notes

191

Index

221

Figures Anselm Kiefer, The Burning of the Rural District of Buchen, 1974, bound original photographs with ferrous oxide and linseed oil on fibrous wallpaper (213/s x 17 11/16 x 11/s inches; 62 x 45 x 3 cm), 210 pages, private collection. Courtesy of the Gagosian Gallery. 1.2. Bronislaw Malinowski, Zakopane, c. 1912, photograph: Stanislaw Witkiewicz. Courtesy of Helena Wayne. 1.3. Stanisla.w Wltkiewicz, Self-portrait, Zakopane before 1914 (cracked glass negative), collection of E. Franczak and S. Okolowicz. Courtesy of Stefan Okolowicz. 1.4. Antony Gormley, Inside Australia, 2002/2003. Cast alloy of iron, iridium, vanadium and titanium.The entire work consists of 51 insider sculptures based on 51 inhabitants of Menzies, Western Australia. Courtesy of Antony Gormley. 1.5. From Edmund Carpenter, Eskimo Realities, copyright© 1973 by Edmund Carpenter. Used by permission of Bantam Books, a division of Random House, Inc. 1.6. David and Susan McAllester, Hogans: Navajo Houses and Songs, Middletown CT: Wesleyan University Press, 1980 (2nd edition 1987), pp. 50-1. Courtesy of David McAllester. 1.7. Fiona Banner, The Nam, London: Frith Street Books, 1997, first page (no page numbering). 1.8. Gillian Wearing, Drunk, DVD three-screen projection, 23 minutes, 1999. Edition of 3 of 5 + 1 AP (5). Copyright Gillian Wearing. Courtesy of Maureen Paley. 1.9. Bill Viola, Nantes Triptych, 1992. Video/sound installation. Photo: Kira Perov. Musee des Beaux-Arts de Nantes. Courtesy of Bill Viola Studio. 1.10. Haddon's notebook sketch of the planned re-enactment of the death of culture hero Kwoiam. Courtesy of the Cambridge Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, Cambridge University Library, Haddon Papers Env. 1053. 1.11. Man imitating the death of culture hero Kwoiam. Mabuiag, 1898 photograph taken on Cambridge Anthropological Expedition to Torres Straits. Courtesy of the Cambridge Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, P 749 ACH 1. I.I.

5 7 7

10 11 11 14 15 17

20

22

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FIGURES

2.1.

Pablo Picasso, Guitar (Paris, winter 1912-13). New York. Digital image, © 2005, The Museum of Modem Art, NewYork/Scala, Florence. Construction of sheet metal and wire, 30 1/2 >< 13 3/4 >< 7 5/s inches (77.5 >< 35 >< 19.3 cm). Gift of the artist. Mask. Grebo. Ivory Coast or Liberia. Painted wood and fibre. Musee Picasso, Paris, 1983-7. Photograph © RMN/ Beatrice Hatala. Eduardo Paolozzi, Dtana as an Engine, 1963 (cast aluminium 190 cm). Courtesy of Flowers East Gallery, and© DACS, 2005. Female figure, 1947 (wood, 52 cm). British Museum Af.46.523. Copyright British Museum. Experimenta, Darmstadt 1971. Joseph Beuys and El Loko. Plenary Discussion. Photograph© by Inge Werth. Christian Boltanski, Inventory of Objects Belonging to an inhabitant of Oxford, 1973, coll, detail. CAPC Musee d'art contemporain de Bordeaux. Photograph < 30 cm, private collection, photographer: Luis Camnitzer. Edward Poitras, Saskatoon Pie, 1994, digital image with Coyote © Edward Poitras. Courtesy of the artist. Alfredo Portillos, Serie del Vudu a los conquistadores latinomamerlcanos, 1997, 60 >< 50 cm. Courtesy of the artist and Fundacion Andreani, Buenos Aires. Jose Bedia, Star Comes to Light the Way, 1992, acrylic on canvas, found objects, collection of Carlos and Rosa de la Cruz, Key Biscayne, Florida. Image courtesy of George Adams Gallery, New York. Osvaldo Viteri, Eye of Light, 1987, collage on wood, 160 >< 160 cm, collection of the artist, Quito. Courtesy of Galeria Viteri, Quito. Teresa Pereda, interviewing Don Victor in Cochinoca in June 2000 (Province of Jujuy, Argentina) during research for artist book Bajo el nombre de Juan (Under the Name ofJohn), Bogota: Arte Dos Grafico Press, 2001. Photo: Amd Schneider. Elaine Reichek, Tierra del Fuego, 1991. Courtesy of the artist. Brother Dunstan Bowles, CSC, flanked by the actress Karen Kuykendall (right) and a student, Hannah Mccann, at one of the Stations of the Cross, Michael Tracy, Eugenia Vargas Daniels and Eloy Tarcisio, The River Pierce: Sacrifice II, 13. 4.90., Houston TX: Rice University Press, 1990, p. 35, By courtesy of the River Pierce Foundation, Houston. Photograph: Keith Carter. Cecilia Vicuna, Bogota (photo), 1981. Courtesy of the artist.

2.2.

2.3.

2.4. 2.5.

2.6.

2.7. 2.8.

2.9.

2.10.

2.11.

2.12. 2.13.

2. 14.

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FIGURES

2.15. Claire Pentecost, Ishi in Two Worlds, 1990, drawings on handmade mirror, wood, trash, letters, 15 lecterns, New York, general view. Courtesy of the artist. 3.1. Francesco Clemente, Pinxtt, 1980-1. Gouache on antique paper. From a series of twelve gouaches. 8¾ x 6 inches (22.2 x 15.2 cm). Courtesy of the Gagosian Gallery. 3.2. Chromolithograph depicting the Goddess Chinnamusta. Calcutta Art Sudio, c. 1880. Private collection. 3.3. Francesco Clemente, Head, 1988-90, oil on canvas, 24 x 24 inches (61 x 61 cm). Courtesy of the Gagosian Gallery. 3.4. Chromolithograph depicting the Goddess Kali and Ramakrishna. Calcutta c. 1950. Artist and publisher unknown. 4.1. Josef Sima, Portrait of Nadine Sima, 1928, oil on canvas, 155.5 x 105 cm, Gallery of the City of Prague. Reproduced by kind permission of Aline Sima-Brumlik. 4.2. Josef Sima, Chaos, 1959, oil on canvas, 100 x 81 cm. Collection of M and Mme Edwin Engelberts. Reproduced by kind permission of Aline Sima-Brumlik. 4.3. Josef Sima, Le Point Un, 1970, oil on canvas, 65 x 54 cm. Collection of M and Mme Edwin Engelberts. Reproduced by kind permission of Aline Sima-Brumlik. 4.4. Josef Sima, Etude pour le Point Un, 1970, China ink on paper, 55.5 x 38 cm, M.N.A.M. Centre Georges Pompidou. Reproduced by kind permission of Aline Sima-Brumlik. 4. 5. Josef Sima, frontispiece to book by Pierre Jean Jouve Le Paradis perdu, Paris: GLM, 1938. Private collection, Paris. Reproduced by kind permission of Aline Sima-Brumlik. 5.1. Susan Hiller, Witness, 2000. Audio-sculpture: 400 speakers, wiring, steel structure, 10 CD players, switching equipment, lights; suspended from ceiling and walls; approx. dimensions 700 x 900 cm. Commissioned by Artangel, London with the support of the British Council, the Tate Gallery and the Henry Moore Foundation Courtesy of the artist and Timothy Taylor Gallery, London. 5.2. Susan Hiller, From the Freud Museum, 1991-97. Vitrine installation: artefacts, notes, in customized cardboard boxes, with video projection. Vitrine dimensions variable; 50 boxes, each 25.4 x 6.4 x 2.5 cm. Commissioned by BookWorks and the Sigmund Freud Museum, London. Courtesy of the artist and Timothy Taylor Gallery, London. 5.3. Susan Hiller, Dream Mapping, 1974, three-night event, seven dream notebooks, three composite group dream maps. Additional documentation; exhibited in various configurations Courtesy of the artist and Timothy Taylor Gallery, London.

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FIGURES

5.4. Susan Hiller, Wild Talents, 1997. Video installation: 3 synchronized programmes, chair, monitor, votive lights, 2 projected programmes, colour with stereo sound, programme duration 8 minutes, 36 seconds, 1 programme on video monitor, b/w, silent, programme duration 6 minutes, 30 seconds. Dimensions variable. Commissioned by Foksal Gallery, Warsaw. Arts Council of England Collection. Courtesy of the artist and Timothy Taylor Gallery, London. 81 6.1. Brent Collins, One Sided Surface with Opposed Cheiralities, 1984, oiled cedar. Courtesy of the artist. 93 6.2. John Robinson, Immortality, 1989. Courtesy of the artist. 94 7 .1. The Market from Here, 1997. At Rice University in the sculpture courtyard, between the Art and Anthropology departments. Photo: Fernando Calzadilla. 99 7.2. The Market from Here, 1997. Herbs and Saints - In Quinta Crespo, an herbs and saints vendor stand. Detail. Photo: Fernando Cal:zadilla. 110 7.3. The Market from Here, 1997. Etn6grafo - reading the Ethnographer's notes and 'evidence'. Photo: Fernando Calzadilla. 113 7.4. The Market from Here, 1997. Audience among the Buhonero's bags and testimonials. Photo: Fernando Calzadilla. 115 9.1. Rainer Wittenborn, Living Off - Skin and Body, 1995. Wall drawing, caribou raw hides, felt letters, granite sheet, 26 square of caribou lichen (+ detail) installation at Center for the Arts, Wesleyan University, Connecticut. Courtesy of the artist. 131 9.2. Nikolaus Lang. Wearing Somebody's jacket (detail of Culture Heap). Courtesy of the artist. 136 9.3. Rimer Cardillo. Reflections, 2001, Walls covered with mirrors photo silkscreen, dimensions variable, Venice Biennial, 2001. Courtesy of the artist. 140 10.1. Mohini Chandra, Travels in a New World 2, 1997. Installation, video, film, sound, detail from six screen projection. Dimensions variable. Courtesy of the artist. 151 10.2. Mohini Chandra, Untitled video, 1997. Installation, still from continuous video loop, dimensions variable. Courtesy of the artist. 153 10.3. Mohini Chandra, Travels in a New World 1, 1994. Photography, sound and mixed media. Installation, dimensions variable. Courtesy of the artist. 154 10.4. Mohini Chandra, Album Pacifica, 1997. Installation (100 pieces). Detail view, photography, black and white prints at 10 x 8 inches approx. Installation, dimensions variable. Bluecoat Gallery, Liverpool. 155 11.1. 'Temple of the Sun', ceremonial area, Ollantaytambo, Peru. Photo: Cesar Paternosto. 158

FIGURES

11.2. Intiwatana, Machu Picchu, Peru. Photo: Cesar Paternosto. 11.3. Cesar Patemosto, Who Was Who in Last Night's Dream? 1970. Acrylic emulsion on canvas, 60 x 60 inches (152 x 152 cm). 11.4. 11.5. 11.6. 11.7.

11.8. 12.1. 13.1.

13.2. 13.3.

13.4.

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Courtesy of the Galeria Durban, Caracas-Miami. 160 Cesar Patemosto, Saywite, 1977. Acrylic emulsion and marble powder on canvas; 64 x 64 inches (162.6 x 162.6 cm). Courtesy of the Galeria Durban, Caracas-Miami. 161 Sculpted rock. Inca period. Suchuna area. Cusco, Peru. Photo: Cesar Patemosto. 165 Trapezoidal figure. Nazca desert, Peru. Photo: Cesar Patemosto. 165 Inca tunic with t'oqapu designs; interlocked tapestry, cotton and wool. South Coast of Peru. 35 3/4 x 30 1/s inches (91 x 76.5 cm). The Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collections, Washington DC. 166 Cesar Patemosto, Northeast Window, 1995. Pigmented cement sculpture; 13 1/2 x 24 x 24 inches (34.2 x 61 x 61 cm). 168 Carlos Capelan, The Living Room installation, Graz, Austria, 1996. Courtesy of the artist. 172 Mark Adams, Farwood Drive, Henderson, Auckland, Su'a Pasino Sefo, Tufuga ta Tatau, 1982. Cibachrome photograph. Courtesy of the artist. 183 Mark Adams, Chalfont Crescent, Mangere, Auckland, Su'a Suluape Petelo, Tufuga ta Tatau, 1985. Cibachrome photograph. Courtesy of the artist. 184 Greg Semu, 0 le tatau Samoa. Selfportrait with front of pe'a. Basque Road, Newton Gully, 1995. Gelatin silver print toned with gold and selenium, collection of Auckland Art Gallery Toi o Tamaki. Courtesy of the artist. 185 The umusaga for Fuimaono Tuiasau - The finishing ceremony of his tattoo. Taken at T1Iiasau's place, Grotto Road, Onehunga. Next to him is Tony Fomison who shared some of the tattooing sessions with Fui in the shed behind the family home. Su'a Sulu'ape Paulo - Tufuga ta tatau'. Cibachrome photograph by Mark Adams, 9 October 1992. Courtesy of the artist. 188

Contributors Claus Biegert, author, radio journalist, occasional film maker, anti-nuclear activist. Several books on indigenous peoples of North America. Contributing writer to Suddeutsche Zeitung and natur & kosmos. Collaborated with artist Rainer Wittenborn (see below) on the highly acclaimedjames Bay Project: A River Drowned by Water. Rimer Cat"dillo, artist, Full Professor of Printmaking at the State University of

New York, New Paltz. In 2004 the Samuel Dorsky Museum at SUNY New Paltz featured a large retrospective of his work, Impressions ( and Other Images of Memory), and in 1998 The Bronx Museum of the Arts exhibited a 10-year survey of his work. He was selected to represent Uruguay at the 2001 Venice Biennial with a large installation. Fernando Calzadilla is a theatre practitioner, visual artist, and scholar with a

multicultural background, who weaves hands-on experience with theory to expand the scope of his art. With more than 30 years of experience in cultural production, his interdisciplinary practice includes performance, theatre, ethnography, and art. He is presently a doctoral candidate in performance studies at New York University. Elizabeth Edwards is Professor and Senior Research Fellow in the Research

Department, University of the Arts, London (LCC). Previously, she was Curator of Photographs at the Pitt Rivers Museum, University of Oxford; author of Raw Histories (Berg 2001), editor of Anthropology and Photography (Yale University Press 1992) and is co-editing a book Photographs Objects Histories (Routledge 2004). Jonathan Friedman is Directeur d'Etudes at the Ecole des Etudes Hautes en

Sciences Sociales, Paris and Professor of Social Anthropology at the University of Lund, Sweden. His books include Cultural Identity and Global Process (Sage 1994), the edited volume Consumption and Identity (Harwood 1994), System, Structure and Contradiction in the Evolution of 'Asiatic' Social Formations (Altamira 1998), PC Worlds (University of California Press, forthcoming), Globalization, the State and Violence (Altamira 2003) and together with R. Denemark, B. Gills and G. Modelski, World System History: The Sci.ence ofLongterm Change (Routledge 2000), with Shalini Randeria, Worlds on the Move: Globalization, Migration and Cultural Security (fauris 2004), and with Kajsa Ekholm-Friedman, Global Anthropology (Altamira 2004).

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CONTRIBUTORS

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Susanne Kuchler is Reader in Material Culture within the Department of Anthropology at University College London. She has worked extensively on art and memory with special reference to the Pacific and has recently directed a collaborative ESRC-funded project on clothing and innovation in the Pacific. Her publications include Malanggan: Art, Memory and Sacrifice (Berg 2002) and Pacific Pattern (Thames & Hudson 2005). Nikolaus Lang artist and Professor at the Academy of Arts, Munich. His project Nunga und Goonya/Nunga and Goonya (1991) was based on 3 years' fieldwork in southern Australia. Dave Lewis studied photography at the former Polytechnic of Central London

(PCL). He has a personal commitment to teaching and has conducted many workshops, in particular in schools, promoting the creative potential of photography. He has exhibited widely both in Britain and internationally, and is a member of Autograph ABP. He is currently working on a photographic project exploring the social uses of architecture. George E. Marcus is the Joseph D. Jamail Professor and Chair of the Department of Anthropology at Rice University. He is co-author with Michael Fischer of Anthropology as Cultural Critique (University of Chicago Press 1986), coeditor with James Clifford of Writing Culture (University of California Press 1995), co-editor with Fred Meyers of The Traffic in Culture: the Refiguration ofArt and Anthropology, and author of Ethnography Through Thick and Thin (Princeton University Press 1998).

Cesar Paternosto born in Argentina, Cesar Patemosto is a painter, sculptor and author who lived in New York from 1967 to 2004, and is now in Segovia, Spain. He received a Guggenheim Fellowship in 1972 and his works are included in public collections, such as the Museum of Modern Art and Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum in New York; Albright-Knox Gallery, Buffalo, NY; the Menil Collection, Houston, Texas and the Stadtisches Museum Abteiberg Monchengladbach, Germany. His book The Stone and the Thread: Andean Roots ofAbstract Art (University of Texas Press) was published in 1996. In 2001 he curated the exhibition Abstraction: The Amerindian Paradigm, which opened at the Palais des Beaux-Arts in Brussels and later travelled to the IVAM, Institut Valencia d' Art Modem, Valencia, Spain. He wrote the main essay as well as editing the catalogue. Christopher Pinney, Professor, Department of Anthropology, University College, London. He is the author of Camera Indica: The Social Life ofIndian Photographs (Reaktion 1997), Photos of the Gods (Reaktion 2004) and co-editor with Nicholas Thomas of Beyond Aesthetics (Berg 2001).

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CONTRIBUTORS

Mi