Chadian Arabic–English lexicon

Citation preview

Chadian Arabic __ English Lexicon

Édition expérimentale

Association SIL BP 4214 N’Djaména, Tchad 2016

Titre : Lexique arabe tchadien – anglais Réalisé par : Judith Heath et l’équipe de la langue arabe du Tchad de l’Association SIL, avec l’assistance technique de Jeff Heath. Nos sincères remerciements à Père Patrice Jullien de Pommerol pour son chefd’œuvre, le Dictionnaire arabe tchadien – français (publié par KARTHALA), que nous avons utilisé comme livre de référence. © 2016 Association SIL, N’Djaména, Tchad. Édition expérimentale, 2016 : non-imprimée Nombre de mots : 3722

In conformity with the Chadian National Alphabet established November 6th, 2000, SIL’s Chadian Arabic publications will from now on be written as follows: formerly written

now written

â

aa

ê

ee

î

ii

ô

oo

û

uu

ch (or c)

ch

kh (or x)

kh

tch (or tc)

c

Letters of the Chadian Arabic alphabet Roman script a b

equivalents in Arabic script

‫ا ا ا َع‬ ‫ب‬

c ch d e f g h i j k kh l

Roman script m n o

‫ش‬ ‫د ض‬ ‫ي َع‬ ‫ف‬ ‫ق‬ ‫ح ه‬ ‫إ ي ِع‬ ‫ج‬ ‫ك‬ ‫خ غ‬ ‫ل‬

p r s t u w y z ’

equivalents in Arabic script

‫م‬ ‫ن‬ ‫و ُع‬ ‫پ‬ ‫ر‬ ‫س ص ث‬ ‫ت ط‬ ‫ و ُع‬$‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ز ذ ظ‬ ‫ع ء‬

List of abbreviations used in this lexicon a.

alternate form

adj.

adjective

adv.

adverb

art.

article

conj.

conjunction

dim.

diminutive

dl.

dual

expr.

expression

f.

feminine

impr.

imperative

impf.

imperfect

intrg.

interrogative

intrj.

interjection

n. n.coll.

noun collective noun

n.f.

feminine noun

n.m.

masculine noun

neg. num.

negative number

part.act.

active participle

prep.

preposition

pl. pron.

plural pronoun

sg.

singular

vi.

intransitive verb

vt.

transitive verb

)*َ ‫ ا‬vt. to refuse impf: yaaba )*َ +,َ impr: aaba )*َ ‫ا‬ ْ /َ 0َ vt. to worship God abad . ْ /ُ 1َ ,َ impf: ya’abud . ْ /ُ 0َ ‫ا‬ impr: a’abud . ْ *َ ‫ ا‬n.m. forever abad . abadan ‫ ًا‬.*َ ‫ ا‬adv. never ِ *َ ‫ ا‬adj. eternal abadi ‫ي‬. ِ *َ ‫ا‬ f: abadiiye 3ْ ,4 . ْ *َ ‫ ا‬n.m. armpit abaat ‫ط‬+ pl: ubutte 56 ْ 4 *ُ $‫ا‬ abba ‫ب‬ 4 ‫ ا‬n.m. Papa ْ /4 0َ vt. to enslave abbad . ْ /7 1َ ِ, impf: yi’abbid . abbuud ‫ ْد‬8/9 0 َ n.m. ball ْ :ِ*+/َ 0َ pl: abaabiid .

A - a

.ْ ِ/0َ n.m. a slave a: abd ./ْ 0 َ ْ :ِ/0َ pl: abiid . ِ *ْ ‫ ا‬n.m. a familiar abjigelbo 8ْ /َ ;ْ ْ ?َ *ْ ‫ ا‬adj. mute f: bakma 3ْ @ َ ?ْ *َ pl: bukum > ْ ?ُ *ُ abras ‫ص‬ ْ Aَ *ْ ‫ ا‬adj. pink f: barsa ‫ ْء‬+B َ Aْ *َ pl: burus ‫ص‬ ْ Aُ *ُ abu 8*ُ ‫ ا‬n.m. father pl: abbahaat ‫ت‬+ ْ Cَ *4 ‫ا‬ abunchabach ْ /َ َD E ْ *ُ ‫ ا‬n.coll. spider abundagiig F: ْ ِG‫ َد‬Eْ *ُ ‫ ا‬n.coll. butterfly abundammaam ‫ ْم‬+H4 ‫ َد‬E ْ *ُ ‫ ا‬n.m. abkam

pancreas

A:ْ Gَ ‫ ِد‬Eْ *ُ ‫ ا‬n.m. gecko a: abundigeergeer A:ْ Gَ A:ْ Gَ ‫ ِد‬E ْ *ُ ‫ا‬ ِ abunfisey 5I ْ َ J Eْ *ُ ‫ ا‬n.m. small bird abundigeer

1

‫ َْح‬.Gَ Eْ *ُ ‫ ا‬n.m. turtle pl: abungudhaan ‫ن‬+ ْ Kَْ .ُG Eْ *ُ ‫ا‬ abungurdaan ‫ان‬ ْ ‫ َد‬Aْ ُG Eْ *ُ ‫ ا‬n.m. tick pl: abungaraadiin E, ْ ‫ا ِد‬Aَ Gَ Eْ *ُ ‫ا‬ abu’aache 5 َD+0 ْ َ 8*ُ ‫ ا‬n.m. large red

Qْ R+ َ 4D‫ ا‬vi. to encourage impf: yichchaaja’ Qْ R+ َ 4Nِ, achchammat S ْ @4 4D‫ ا‬vi. to make fun

achchaaja’

abungadah

of impf: yichchammat

Aْ 4N0َ vt. to mate with impf: yi’achchir Aْ 7N1َ ِ, achchaawaf ‫ف‬ ْ ‫ َو‬+ 4D‫ ا‬vi. to see each

achchar

ant

L ْ :َ *ْ ‫ ا‬adj. white f: beeda 3ْ M َ :ْ *َ pl: buyud L ْ :ُ *ُ aach ‫ش‬+ ْ 0َ vt. to live impf: yi’iich ْ :1ِ ِ, acha ‫ء‬+ َN0 َ n.m. supper acham > ْ َN0َ n.m. hope achaan ‫ن‬+ ْ َD‫ ا‬prep. because achara ‫ ْة‬Aَ َN0 َ num. ten pl: acharaat ‫ات‬ ْ Aَ َN0َ 4 4D‫ ا‬vi. to become achchaddad ‫ ْد‬.

abyad

stronger impf: yichchaddad

Sْ @4 4Nِ,

other impf: yichchaawaf achchaawar

‫ َو ْف‬+ 4Nِ,

‫ َو ْر‬+ 4D‫ ا‬vi. to consult

together impf: yichchaawar

‫ َو ْر‬+ 4Nِ,

Aْ :Nِ 0َ n.m. secret pl: achaayir Aْ ِ,+ َN0 َ ِ 0َ adj. tenth aachir Aْ D+ f: aachre ‫ ْة‬Aَ ْD+0 َ ِ 0َ n.f. afternoon achiiye 3ْ :4 N achmaan ‫ن‬+ ْ @َ ْN0َ adj. confident of f: achmaane 3ْ Tَ [email protected] َ ْN0َ pl: achmaaniin E: ْ ِ[email protected]َ ْN0َ achiir

‫ ْد‬.4 4Nِ,

Pْ ;َ ْ ;ُ [ُ adra’ ‫ع‬ ْ ‫ ا ْد َر‬adj. spotted f: dara’a 3ْ 0 َ ‫َد َر‬ pl: duro’ ‫ع‬ ْ ‫ُد ُر‬ adriye 3ْ ,َ ِ‫ ْ\ر‬0 َ n.f. a virgin pl: awaadir ‫ا ِذ ْر‬8َ 0 َ adu ‫ُو‬.0 َ n.m. enemy pl: adwaan ‫ان‬ ْ ‫ َو‬.ْ 0َ a: udwaan ‫ان‬ ْ ‫ َو‬.ْ 0ُ adum > ْ Mُ 0َ n.m. bone pl: udaam ‫ ْم‬+M َ 0ُ afa +َ]0 َ vt. to pardon impf: ya’afa +َ]1َ ,َ afana 3ْ ^َ ]َ 0 َ n.f. a stink afaana 3ْ Tَ +َ]0 َ n.f. bad actions afdal Y ْ Mَ Jْ ‫ ا‬adj. better than aafe 5َJ+0 ْ َ n.f. health

‫دا َو ْس‬4 ‫ ا‬vi. to fight each

impf: yiddaawas

adlam

‫ا َو ْس‬4.ِ,

Fْ ,َ +[4 ‫ ا‬vt. to be anxious impf: yiddaayag F ْ ,َ +M4 ِ, addibiin E: ْ ِ*‫د‬7 ‫ ا‬n.m. discipline addiliin E: ْ ِW7.0َ n.m. repair addiin E: ْ M7 0َ n.m. a bite aade ‫ َد ْة‬+0 َ n.f. custom pl: aadaat ‫ات‬ ْ ‫ َد‬+0َ aadi ‫ ِدي‬+0 َ adj. regular f: aadiiye 3ْ ,4 ‫ ِد‬+0 َ pl: aadiyiin E: ْ ِ,‫ ِد‬+0َ adiil Y ْ ,.ِ 0َ adj. good ِ 0َ f: adiile 3ْ ;َ ,. pl: adiiliin E: ْ ِ;,.ِ 0َ ْ ‫ ِد‬+0َ adj. righteous aadil ‫ل‬ f: aadle 3ْ Wَ ‫ ْد‬+0 َ pl: aadliin E: ْ ِW‫ ْد‬+0َ addaayag

4

Aْ ِG+0َ adj. sterile f: aagre ‫ ْة‬Aَ Gْ +0 َ pl: uggar Aْ ْ x4 0َ vt. to exalt impf: yi’azzim > ْ 7x1َ ِ, azzan ‫ن‬ ْ ‫ذ‬4 ‫ ا‬vi. to call to prayer impf: yi’azzin ‫ن‬7 ْ ‫ذ‬+ِ, azzaani 5ِT‫ اذَا‬n.m. muezzin pl: azzaaniin E: ْ ِT‫اذَا‬ a’raj ‫ج‬ ْ Aَ 0ْ ‫ ا‬adj. lame f: arja 3ْ R َ Aْ 0َ pl: uruj ‫ج‬ ْ Aُ 0ُ a’waj ‫ج‬ ْ 8َ 0ْ ‫ ا‬adj. twisted f: ooja 3ْ R َ 8ْ 0َ pl: uwuj ‫ج‬ ْ 8ُ 0ُ a’zam > ْ xَ 0ْ ‫ ا‬adj. greatest

‫ ا ْز َر ْق‬adj. black f: zarga 3ْ Gَ ‫َز ْر‬ ْ ‫ُز ُر‬ pl: zurug ‫ق‬ azrag kurum ‫ ْم‬Aُ c ُ ‫ ا ْز َر ْق‬expr. very

azrag

azzalzal

black

3ْ Hَ ‫ ُزو‬+0َ n.f. a party pl: aawaaziim > ْ ,ِ‫ َواز‬+0َ azza b4 0 َ vt. to show respect impf: yi’izz bّ 1ِ ِ, azzab ‫ب‬ ْ \4 0َ vt. to torture impf: yi’azzib ‫ب‬ ْ \7 1َ ِ, 4 ‫ذ‬4 ‫ ا‬vi. to remember azzakkar Aْ c 4 \4 ِ, impf: yizzakkar Aْ c ْ b4 0َ vt. to choose from among azzal ‫ل‬

aazuuma

many

‫ ْل‬b7 1َ ِ, ْ b7 0َ impr: azzil ‫ل‬

impf: yi’azzil

‫ب‬+ ْ *َ n.m. door pl: biibaan ‫ن‬+ ْ /َ :ِ*

B - b

baab

bachar

27

Aْ َN*َ n.m. human

Aْ 4N*َ vt. to preach impf: yibachchir Aْ 7N/َ ِ, bachchiriin E,ِ ْ A 7N*َ n.m. preaching bachtan E ْ Uَ ْN*َ vt. to bother impf: yibachtin E ْ ِU ْN/َ ِ, bada ْ ٔ‫ا‬. َ *َ vt. to begin impf: yabda ‫َا‬./ْ ,َ ْ .*َ n.m. change badal ‫َل‬ ْ .*َ vt. to change baddal ‫ل‬4 ْ ./َ ِ, impf: yibaddil ‫ل‬7 ْ *َ adv. early badri ‫رِي‬. bagar Aْ