Camus and Sartre: The Story of a Friendship and the Quarrel that Ended It 0226027961, 9780226027968

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Camus and Sartre: The Story of a Friendship and the Quarrel that Ended It
 0226027961, 9780226027968

Table of contents :
contents
prologue
1 first encounters
2 occupation, resistance, liberation
3 postwar commitments
4 camus's turning-point
5 sartre's turning-point
6 violence and communism
7 the explosion
8 arranging many things, performing real acts
9 recovering their voices
10 no exit
epilogue
postscript
notes
index

Citation preview

the story of a friendship and the quarrel that ended it

ronald aronson the university of chicago press chicago and umd 1.'39, 204

Jeanson, Francis, 135-39, 157, 248, 267, 268, 271 on absurdity in Cam us, 138-39

PCF (Communist Party) and, 69, 71-72 Sartre and, 47-48, 77-78, 112>t77-7S, l9l,

and Algeria, 191, 217 Camus's reply to, 148 relationship with Sartre, 51, 138

204-5, 227, 26.'3 Sartre and Merleau-Ponty and, 110

response to Camus, 147, 155, 156 review of The Rebel, 2, 115, 139-42, 151-52, 156, 241, 27.'3 on the working class, 172 Joly, Daniele, 277

Mauriac, Fran9ois, 51, 82, 24.'3 Memmi, Albert, 210-14, 218, 219, 277, 278 Mendes-France, Pierre, 91, t84, 220 Merleau-Ponty, Maurice, 29, 42, 77, 100, t8t, 254 and Camus, 66-67, 92, 139, 212, 259 eulogized by Sartre, 172

Judt, Tony, 242, 253, 263, 264, 276 Kalka, Franz, 12

on Koestler, 86, 92

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n, 82, 95, 252

American articles for Combat and Le Figaro, 47, 6.'3-64, 79 on Camus's The Plague, 55-56, 229

Hunter, Alien, 263-64

Isaac,Jeffrey C., 266

social and political attitudes, 45 and Lts Temps modemes, 45-46 postwar fame, 47-50

on Camus as model, 55, 95, 151-52, 250-51 Merleau-Ponty and, 93, 171, 227, 272 criticizes Camus in 1947, 97

Picon, Gaetan, 197, 201, 257, 276 Polizzotti, Mark, 267

Idies poliliqnes et socialts de la resistance, Les, 249

discovers phenomenology, 28-29 studies in Berlin, 29

and existentialism, 29, 47, 6o,

Camus and, 134-35, 184, 274 excerpts Camus-Sartre-Jeansonletters, 155-56 Sartre and, 277

Lottman, Herbert, 241, 247 Loveland, Rosemary Gina, 251

Home, Alistair, 274 Howe, Irving, 258

reviews Camus's The Stranger and 17~e Myth of Sisyphus, 13-16, 243 personal attraction to Camus, 20

and the Resistance, 24, 29-30, 37,38-41, 76, 81, 198,248

Naville, Pierre, 64, 253, 277

Parti Communiste Fran9ais (PCF). See Communism Peri, Gabriel, 43, 249 Pia, Pascal, 26, 34, 159

on The Rebel (Man in Revolt), 134-5 Hiroshima bombing, 6t-62, 8!, 122

on absurdity, 13-14

mobilized in 1939, 29 as prisoner of war, 29

Garaudy attacks Sartre in, .'37-.'39 positive review of Sartre, 166, 271 "Republic of Silence," 76 255 Levy, Benny, 245, 279 Levy, Bernard-Henri, 2.'31, 242, 26.'3, 281 Leynaud, Rene, 36

Rousset, David, 100, 104, 110, 150, 226, 255 Rybalka, Michel, 246, 248, 253, 261, 281

and RDR, "First Call to International Opinion," 101-2, 103-7, 260 and PCF (Communist Party), 45, 65, 76-78, So-81, 98-99, 105-6, 107, 114, 127, 166, 167, 172, 177-78, 22.'3 reluctance to review 17u Rebel, 135-37 as fellow travelcr, 128, 136, 146, 166-73, 182, 201-2,219 and East Berlin uprising of 1953, 177 denounces execution of the Roscnbergs, 169, 272 on friendship, 229, 271

(RDR), 103-5, to8, 133, t8t, 259 realism, 125

mentions Camus after 1952, 177 on the working class, 45, 63, 72, 78, 81, 91,

Camus and, 108, 217, 256

97-98, 128-3o, t66, 172, 177-78, 202, 204

Sartre and, 106-7, 127, 164, 172-73, 182-83, 20.'3, 217, 251 Resistance, the, 3, 23-25,34-35, 68-69, 72, 74, 82, 97-98, 128-30, 152, 163, 186, 251 revolution, 141, 161-62, 184, 264 Camus on, 89, 98, 118, 263, 264

on Algerian War, 190-92, 200, 205, 210, 212-13, 221-25,275 responds to Camus's articles in L'Express, 191-92 as spokesman for the "Third World," 191, 204 on The Fall, 201, 217

Sartre on, 81, 118, 119-21, 124, 126-27 Rioux,Jean-Pierre, 249

breaks with the Soviet Union and the PCF (Communist Party), 201-3 as independent political force, 203-6

Rougement, Denis de, 244 Rosenthal, Gerard, 255

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INDEX

INDEX

Sartre,Jean-Paul (continued) opposed to Camus on Algerian War, ~oS, 210-~5

on violence and liberation in the Algerian War, ~~1-~5

on Camus's Nobel Prize, 229 eulogizes Camus,

~16-17

final meeting with Raymond Aron,

~31-3~

on freedom,~~. 39-40, 47-4S, 54-55, 59, 95, 103, 104, 113, ~61, ~64

The Respectful Prostitute, 166 Roads to Freedom (The Age ofRea.rou, The . Reprieve, Troubled Sleep), 22, 47, 69, 74,

1~5,

Sartre-Beauvoirfamille, 20, 29, 51, 165 Saunders, Frances, 261

and Marxism, 47-48, 77-78, 11~, 177, 191,

Santoni, Ronald, 280 Schalk, David, ~79 Scherer, Rene, So, 257

~29, ~3~. ~63

Scriven, Michael, 253, 280 Servain-Schreiber,Jcan-Jacques, 184 Singer, Daniel, ~Si

263 on morality, 64, 163, 171-73, 183, 202, 204, 217, on violence,~~. 63, 97, 11~-14, 115, 1~7-30, 149, 177-78, ~o~, ~12 on revolution, 81, 118, 119-~1, 124, 126-27 -works

Auti-Semite and Jew, 64, 94-95, 148, 253 Bariona, 29 Being and Nothingness, 15-16, ~2, 64, 73, 84, 1~5-26,

19S, ~29, 264

17u Commzmist.r aud Peace, 127-30, 137, 165-66, 172, 177, 221, 266

17ze Coudemued ofAltona, ~05-6, 277 Critique of Dialectical Rea.r011, 59, ~04, 224, 229,242

The Devil and the Good Lord, 5, 112-14, u6, 1~7,

136, 137, 159, 166, 170, 173, 228, 263 Dirty Hauds, 105, 110, 113, 167, 168, 171, 177, 221,

2~3

Existmtialism aud Human Emotious (Existentialism Is a Humanism), 47, 64, 250

The Flies, 9, 31-33, 41, 61, 95, 219, 247 The Glzost of Stalin, 201-3 Iu the Mesh, 96 introduction to Les Temps modenzes (1945), 56-57.251

Kean, 173, 253, 272 "Materialism and Revolution," 81, 98, 112, 261 "My Dear Camus," 1, 67, 147-54, 168, 201, 230,

241, ~69

Nausea, 11-12, 16, 34, 55, 57, 64, 95, 14S Nekrassov, 182 No Exit, w, 41, 47, 95, 198, 200, 205-6, 229 Notebooks for an Ethics, 266 preface to Frantz Fanon, The Wretched of the Earth, ~21-~5, 279

172, 260

Wall, lrwin, ~54 Walzer, Michael, ~7S Werner, Eric, ~64 Wilkinson,James, ~4

and capitalism, 71, 1~8-30

and commitment, 44, 54-59, S4, 93, 94-96, 113 ~04-5. ~27,

Camus and, 32-34, 89-91, 107, no, u9, 121-22, 123-~5. 13~. ~18-19

76, So, 95, 109, 254 Search for a Method, 206, 254 Truth aud Existence, 266

11ze Wall, 55, 54, 148, ~53 What Is Literature?, 96, 100, 11~, 17te Words, ~30-31

Vian, Boris, 50, 66, 92, ~12, ~39 violence

workers/working class

and colonialism, 97, ~18-19, ~~1-~5, ~3~-33 and Communism, 71, 89

Camus and, 45, 75, 153, 162, 178

"dirty hands" and "clean hands," 3~-34, 105-6,

139 Sartre and, 45, 72, 78, 81, 91,97-98, 166, 17~, 177-78, ~04

PCF (Communist Party) and, 69, 7~, 78, 100,

113, 201, ~05, 219, 221, ~23 Sartre and, 22, 63, 97, 112-14, 115, 1~7-30, 149, 177-78, ~02, ~~~

Socialists (SFIO), 68, 91, 99, 100 Soustelle,Jacques, 91 Soviet Union, 30, 6S-72, 85, 99, 120, 151, 254 Camus and, 89-92, 111, 170, 185 I invasion of Hungary, 201-3 labor camps, no, 122, 150 Moscow Trials, 66, 70-71, 92 Sartre and, 46, l11, 171, 177, 182, ~oo, 201-3 in Sartre-Camus conflict, 139, 149 Sprintzen, David, 266 Stalin,Joseph, and Stalinism, 6g, 70-71, 72, So, SS, lOO, 16S, 171, 200, 254-55 Camus on, 120, 147 Sartre on, 81, 96, 9S, 105-6, 204 Stephane, Roger, 156, 267, 270, ~74 Stone, Robert V., 281

Talbott,John, 277

Temps modenzes, Les, 1, 46, 64, 94, 100, 1~0, 250 and Algerian War, ~10 Camus and, 4~, 57, 114, 136, 145-47, 155-57, 159, 160, 161, 186, ~28 Jeanson's review of 17ze Rebel, 115-16, 123, 137-45 Merleau-Ponty and, 66-67, 111 PCF (Communist Party) and, 77, 8o Sartrc's reply to Camus, 147-54 and war in Vietnam, 178 Todd, Olivier, 242, 243, 266, 273 Tucker, Robert C., 258 Tucker, Warren, 275 Ulloa, Marie-Pierre, 267

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