Bamboo Fiber Composites: Processing, Properties and Applications 9811584885, 9789811584886

This book summarizes many of the recent developments in the area of bamboo composites with emphasis on new challenges fo

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English Pages 297 [302] Year 2021

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Bamboo Fiber Composites: Processing, Properties and Applications
 9811584885, 9789811584886

Table of contents :
About the Editors
Bamboo Fiber Reinforced Composites
1 Introduction
2 Bamboo Fiber Composites
3 Properties of Bamboo Fiber Composites
3.1 Mechanical Properties
3.2 Thermal and Thermo-Mechanical Properties
4 Conclusion
Bamboo: A Potential Natural Material for Bio-composites
1 Introduction
2 Diversity of Bamboo Species
2.1 Geographical Distribution of Bamboo
2.2 Growth Diversity of Bamboo Species
3 Bamboo Culm: Nature and Properties
3.1 Anatomy of Bamboo Culm
3.2 Chemical Constituents of Bamboo Culm
3.3 Physical and Mechanical Properties of Bamboo Culm
4 Extraction, Characterization, and Properties of Bamboo Fibers
4.1 Bamboo Fiber Extraction Methods
4.2 Characterization Methods for Bamboo Fiber
4.3 Physical/Mechanical Characterization
4.4 Chemical Characterization
4.5 Thermal Characterization
4.6 Morphological Characterization
4.7 Properties of Bamboo Fibers
5 Bamboo Based Composites
5.1 Preparation of Bamboo Composites
5.2 Eco-composites from Bamboo
6 Application of Bamboo Fiber-Polymer Composite Structures
7 Conclusion and Future Perspective
Fundamental Concepts of Bamboo: Classifications, Properties and Applications
1 Introduction
2 Historical Background of Bamboo
3 Origin of Bamboo
3.1 Suitable Structural Species
3.2 Behavior in Earthquakes
3.3 Fire Considerations
3.4 Specification of Bamboo
4 Classification of Bamboo
4.1 Fargesia
4.2 Bambuseae
4.3 Guadua
4.4 Pseudosasa Japonica
4.5 Chusquea Culeou
4.6 Sasa
5 Classification and Taxonomy of Bamboo on Construction Basis
5.1 Descriptions of Bamboo Anatomy and Structure
6 Properties of Bamboo
7 Mechanical Properties of Bamboo
7.1 Tensile Properties of Bamboo
7.2 Compressive Properties of Bamboo
7.3 Fracture Toughness
7.4 Mode I Fracture Properties
7.5 Mode II Fracture Properties
7.6 Effect of Moisture on the Mechanical Properties of Bamboo
7.7 Tensile and Compression Properties
7.8 Thermal Properties of Bamboo
7.9 Scanning Electron microscopy
7.10 Flammability of Bamboo
7.11 Recycling of Bamboo
8 Applications of Bamboo
8.1 Modern Uses of the Bamboo
8.2 Application of Bamboo Materials in Building Construction
9 Conclusions
Morphological and Mechanical Aspects of Bamboo Composites
1 Introduction
2 From Bamboo Plant to the Fabrication of Composites
3 Fibre Extraction and Effect of Species
4 Morphology of Extracted Bamboo Fibers and Their Properties in Composites
5 Conclusions and Future Perspective
Utilization of Bamboo Fibres and Their Influence on the Mechanical and Thermal Properties of Polymer Composites
1 Introduction
1.1 Bamboo Fibres
1.2 Extraction Methods
1.3 Fibre Composition and Properties
2 Fabrication of Bamboo Fibre Reinforced Composites
2.1 Mechanical Properties
2.2 Fibre Treatments and Compatibilizer to Enhance Mechanical Properties
3 Thermal Properties of Bamboo Fibre Reinforced Composites
4 Conclusions and Future Perspective
Free Vibration Analysis of Bamboo Fiber-Based Polymer Composite
1 Introduction
2 Experimental
2.1 Materials
2.2 Fabrication of Composites
2.3 Modal Analysis
3 Results and Discussion
3.1 Natural Frequency and Damping Behavior of Woven Fiber Reinforced Hybrid Composites
Effect of Chemically Treated Bamboo Fiber Reinforcement on the Dielectric Properties of Epoxy Composites
1 Introduction
2 Materials and Methods
2.1 Materials
2.2 Chemical Treatment on Bamboo Fiber
2.3 Bamboo Fiber Epoxy Composites
2.4 Epoxy Composite Characterization
3 Results and Discussion
3.1 Dielectric Properties
3.2 Morphological Properties
4 Conclusion
Bamboo Fiber Reinforced Concrete Composites
1 Introduction
2 Bamboo
2.1 Bamboo as a Structural Material
2.2 Bamboo Composites
2.3 Selection of Bamboo for Composites
3 Bamboo Concrete
3.1 Properties of Bamboo Concrete
3.2 Durability
3.3 Water Absorption
3.4 Bonding Strength
3.5 Tensile Strength
3.6 Compressive and Split-Tensile Strength
3.7 Flexural Strength
3.8 Impact Strength
3.9 Fatigue Strength
3.10 Morphology Analysis
4 Life Cycle Assessment of Bamboo Concrete
5 Industrial Applications of Bamboo Concrete
6 Conclusion
Characterization and Properties of Biopolymer Reinforced Bamboo Composites
1 Introduction
2 Polymers and Biopolymers
2.1 Classification and Characterization of Natural Biodegradable Biopolymers
2.2 Synthesis and Properties of Synthetic Biopolymers.
3 Bamboo and Bamboo Fibers
3.1 Sources of Bamboo
3.2 Bamboo Fibers Extraction
3.3 Mechanical and Morphological Properties of Bamboo Fibers
4 Properties of Bamboo and Cellulosic Bamboo Fibers
4.1 Bamboo Based Nanofibrillated Cellulose
4.2 Bamboo Cellulose Nanowhiskers
5 Composites and Nanocomposites Based on Bamboo
5.1 Characterization of Composite Materials
5.2 Physicochemical Properties of Composites and Nanocomposites
5.3 Manufacturing Processes
6 Bio-based Polymers Matrices Reinforced Bamboo Composites
6.1 Morphological and Structural Characterization of Nanocomposites
7 Applications of Bamboo Cellulose Nanocrystals
8 Conclusion
The Effects of Culm Nodes on Bamboo Fiber Properties
1 Background
2 Literature Review
3 Experimental
3.1 Materials
3.2 Methods
3.3 Surface Morphology
3.4 X-ray Diffraction Measurements
4 Results and Discussion
4.1 The Properties of Bamboo Fibre
4.2 Fibers Appearance
4.3 Crystallinity of Processed Bamboo Fiber
5 Conclusions
Futuristic Prospects of Bamboo Fiber in Textile and Apparel Industries: Fabrication and Characterization
1 Introduction
2 Processing of Bamboo Fibers
2.1 Mechanical Processing Method
2.2 Chemical Processing Method
3 Properties of Bamboo Fibers and Their Products
4 Yarn
4.1 Yarn Manufacturing Process
5 Properties of Yarns
6 Bamboo Fabric
6.1 Bamboo Fabric Manufacturing Process
6.2 Weaving Technology
6.3 Nonwoven Fabrics
7 Properties of Fabric
8 Dyeing and Finishing of Bamboo Textile
9 Scope of Bamboo in the Textile and Apparel Industries
10 Conclusion
Bonding Mechanism and Interface Enhancement of Bamboo Fiber Reinforced Composites
1 Introduction
2 Bamboo Structure
2.1 Bamboo Fibers (BF)
3 Bamboo Fiber Reinforced Polymer Composites
3.1 Bamboo Fiber Reinforced Thermosetting Composites
3.2 Bamboo Fiber Reinforced Thermoplastic Composites
3.3 Bamboo Fiber Reinforced Rubber/Elastomeric Composites
3.4 Bamboo Fiber Filled Bio Composites
4 BF-Polymer Matrix Interfacial Bonding Mechanism
5 Controlling Factors of Interfacial Characteristics of BF Composites
5.1 Moisture Absorption
5.2 Presence of Lignin
6 Treatments to Enhance Interfacial Adhesion of BF Reinforced Composite
6.1 Alkaline Treatment or Mercerization
6.2 Compatibilizer or Maleated Coupling Agents
6.3 Silane Treatment
7 Scientific Studies and Research on Interface Enhancement of BF Reinforced Composites
7.1 Alkali Treatment on BF Reinforced Polyester Composites
7.2 BF Filled Rubber Composites with Bonding Agents
7.3 BF Reinforced Poly Lactic Acid (PLA) Composite with Micro-Fibrillated Cellulose (MFC)
7.4 BF Reinforced Unidirectional Epoxy-Based Composite
7.5 Interfacial Adhesion of BF Reinforced Thermoplastic Composites
7.6 Cotton Shaped BF Reinforced Maleic Anhydride Modified Polypropylene (MAPP) Composites
7.7 BF/Epoxy and BF/Polyester Composites with Polyester Amide Polyol (PEAP) as Interfacial Agent
8 Conclusions and Future Perspectives
Lifecycle Assessment of Thermoplastic and Thermosetting Bamboo Composites
1 Introduction
2 Overview of Bamboo: Production to the Fiber Extraction
3 Bamboo Fiber Extraction
3.1 Mechanical Extraction Process
3.2 Chemical Extraction Process
4 Lifecycle Assessment of Bamboo Polymer Composites
5 Conclusion and Future Perspective
Applications and Drawbacks of Bamboo Fiber Composites
1 Introduction
2 Materials and Methods
2.1 Fabrication of Bamboo Fiber/Al-SiC Epoxy Nanocomposite for Wind Turbine Blade
2.2 Nanocomposites Characterization
3 Model of Wind Turbine Blade
4 Aerodynamic and Structural Model Description
5 Description of the FE Model
6 Optimization Process and Modeling
7 Wind Turbine Blade Performance Simulation and Modeling
7.1 Subsystem of Mechanical Power
7.2 Coefficient of Power (Aerodynamic Performance)
7.3 Electrical Energy Using Generator
8 Techno-Economic Formulation
9 Results of Airfoil Design
10 Structural and Aerodynamic Design Outcomes of Wind Turbine Blade Section
11 Results of Blade Design
12 Structural and Aerodynamic Characteristics of a Wind Turbine Blade
13 Techno-Economic Analysis
14 Conclusion and Drawbacks
Bamboo/Bamboo Fiber Reinforced Concrete Composites and Their Applications in Modern Infrastructure
1 Introduction
2 History of Bamboo Reinforced Concretes
3 Comparison Between Bamboo-Reinforced and Steel-Reinforced Concretes
4 Surface Treatment and Bonding Issues in Bamboo-Reinforced Concretes
5 Recent Studies on Bamboo/Bamboo Fiber-Reinforced Concrete Structures
5.1 Bamboo Strip Reinforced Concrete Beams
5.2 Concrete Beam Reinforced with Bamboo Fiber
5.3 Bamboo Reinforced Concrete Masonry Shear Walls
5.4 Lightweight Bamboo Reinforced Slabs
5.5 Bamboo Panel Incorporated Thermally Insulated Roof Slab System
5.6 Bamboo Fiber-Based Composite Reinforced Structural Concrete Beam
6 Conclusions and Future Perspectives

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