Advances in Mechanical Processing and Design: Select Proceedings of ICAMPD 2019 9811577781, 9789811577789

This book presents selected proceedings of the International Conference on Advances in Mechanical Processing and Design

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Advances in Mechanical Processing and Design: Select Proceedings of ICAMPD 2019
 9811577781, 9789811577789

Table of contents :
Preface
Contents
About the Editors
Thermal and Fluid System Design
Comparative Study of Analytical and Simulation Method in Determination of Fuel Centerline and Clad Surface Temperature of Metallic Nuclear Fuel
1 Introduction
2 Steady-State Analysis of Metallic Fuel Pin
2.1 Analytical Calculation
2.2 Computation Simulation
3 Results and Discussion
3.1 Temperature Distribution in Fuel Pin
3.2 Coupled Structural Analysis
4 Conclusions
References
CFD Analysis of Two-Phase Cavitating Flow in a Centrifugal Pump with an Inducer
1 Introduction
2 Methodology
2.1 Geometrical Parameters of the Pump
2.2 Computational Mesh
3 Results and Discussion
3.1 Validation
3.2 Multi-phase Analysis
4 Conclusions
Supplementary Information
References
Influence of Mass Flow Rate and Concentration of Al2O3 Nanofluid on Thermal Performance of a Double Pipe Heat Exchanger
1 Introduction
2 Nanofluid Preparation
3 Experimental Setup
4 Experiment Procedure
5 Result and Analysis
6 Simulated Result
7 Experimental Result
8 Conclusion
References
Impact of Inlet Angle on Cooling of a Continuously Variable Transmission in a BAJA SAE Vehicle
1 Introduction
2 Theory
3 Methodology
3.1 Modeling
3.2 Meshing
3.3 Numerical Method and Solver
4 Results and Discussions
5 Conclusion
References
Coaxial Thermal Probe as a Heat Flux Sensor: An Analytical, Numerical, and Experimental Approach
1 Introduction
2 Fabrication of CSJT
3 Static Calibration of CSJT
4 Experimentation with LASER Unit
5 Surface Heat Flux Estimation
5.1 Experimental Heat Flux
5.2 Analytical Heat Flux
5.3 Numerical Heat Flux
6 Comparison of Heat Flux Values
7 Error Analysis
8 Conclusion
References
Thermo-economic and Environmental Analyses of Full Site Repowering Through Coal Gasification and Carbon Capture by Downstream MCFC Integration
1 Introduction
2 Description of the Existing Plant
3 Description of New Plant Configuration
4 Thermodynamic Analysis of the Plant
5 Economic Analysis of the Plant
6 Results and Discussion
7 Conclusion
References
Vortex Formation During Liquid Draining from a Cylindrical Tank with Conical Bottom—A Numerical Study
1 Introduction
2 Numerical Methodology
3 Results and Discussion
4 Conclusions
References
Evaluation of Noise and Air Pollution During Diwali in Berhampur City, India: An Inclusive Annoyance Study
1 Introduction
2 Literature Review
3 Methodology and Experimentation
3.1 Noise Measurement
3.2 Air Pollution Measurement
4 Results and Discussion
4.1 Assessment and Analysis of Noise Pollution
4.2 Assessment and Analysis of Air Pollution
4.3 Social Study
5 Conclusion
References
Performance and Analysis of Phase Change Material by Using Hybrid Nanofluid (Zinc Cobalt Iron Oxide) on Thermal Energy Storage Device
1 Introduction
2 Materials
3 Experimental Setup
4 Results and Discussion
4.1 Charging
4.2 Discharging
5 Comparison with Earlier Work
6 Conclusions
References
A Numerical Experiment on Thermo-fluidic Transport of Third-Grade Fluid Flow Through a Porous Microchannel Under the Influence of Combined Electromagnetohydrodynamic Effect
1 Introduction
2 Formulation of the Mathematical Model of the Problem
3 Results and Discussions
4 Conclusions
References
Experimental Investigation of Performance and Emissions of Single-Cylinder Diesel Engine Enriched by Hydroxy Gas for Various Compression Ratios
1 Introduction
2 Hydrogen Combustion Characteristics
3 Experimental Procedure
4 Result and Discussion
4.1 Combustion
4.2 Performance
4.3 Emissions
5 Conclusion
References
Biomethanation of Aloe Vera Waste for Energy Production
1 Introduction
2 Experimental
3 Result and Discussion
4 Conclusions
References
Heat Transfer and Pressure Drop Assessment of a Vortex Generator Supported Fin-And-Tube Heat Exchanger
1 Introduction
2 Mathematical Formulation
2.1 Governing Equations
2.2 Boundary Conditions
2.3 Numerical Method
2.4 Parameter Definitions
3 Validation of Model and Numerical Method
4 Results and Discussion
4.1 Effect on Heat Transfer Coefficient
4.2 Pressure Drop
4.3 Quality Factor
5 Conclusions
References
Computational Modeling to Investigate the Heat Transfer Enhancement by Using Ethyl Glycol–Water–MWCNT Nanofluid Through Corrugated Pipe
1 Introduction
2 Thermophysical Properties
3 Computational Modeling
4 Physical Model
5 Results and Discussion
6 Effect of Duct Reynolds Number
7 Conclusion
References
Numerical Analysis of a Steady Turbulent Flow Over a Backward-Facing Step with Varying Step Angles Using OpenFOAM
1 Introduction
2 Governing Equations
3 Methodology
4 Computational Domain and Meshing
5 Results
5.1 Velocity Magnitude Along the x-Direction
5.2 Variation of Turbulent Kinetic Energy
5.3 Streamlines
6 Conclusions
References
Investigation of Flow Structures Around a Circular Cylinder with Notch: A Flow Visualization Analysis
1 Introduction
2 Experimental Setup: Flow Visualization Water Channel
2.1 Models Used for the Experiment
2.2 Validation: Flow Over Circular Cylinder
2.3 Parameters Estimated from Flow Structures
3 Computational Details
4 Results and Discussion
4.1 Flow Visualization Results
4.2 Strouhal Number Variation
4.3 Variation in Coefficient of Drag
5 Conclusions
References
Comparative Study on Gasoline and Methanol in a Twin Spark IC Engine
1 Introduction
2 Experimental Methodology
3 Results and Discussion
3.1 Engine Performance
3.2 Engine Emission
4 Conclusion
References
Coal Water Slurry Flow in Pipelines Using Homogeneous Equilibrium Model
1 Introduction
2 Mathematical Modeling and Simulation Approach
2.1 Homogeneous Equilibrium Model (HEM)
2.2 Geometrical Details and Modeling
2.3 Rheological Properties of CWS
2.4 Numerical Simulation
2.5 Boundary Conditions
3 Results and Discussion
3.1 Effect of Velocity and Diameter Variation on Pressure Drop
3.2 Concentration Distribution Effects on Velocity
3.3 Diameter Variation Effects on Velocity
4 Conclusions
References
Two-Phase Flow Analysis in Elbow Bend Pipe Used in Oil Extraction Process: A Computational Approach
1 Introduction
2 System Description
3 CFD Approach
3.1 Modeling Basics
3.2 Validation of Mixture Model Results
4 Two-Phase Modeling and Simulation for Elbow Bend Pipe
4.1 Geometrical Details and Modeling
4.2 Boundary Conditions
5 Results and Discussion
5.1 Effect of Oil Velocity on Pressure Profile
5.2 Effect of Oil Velocity on Velocity Profile
5.3 Effect of Volume of Fraction (VOF)
6 Contour Analysis
7 Conclusion
References
Aspects of Heat Transfer Augmentation Using Nanofluids as Coolant in Fusion Reactors: A Brief Review
1 Introduction
2 Thermo-Physical Properties
2.1 Thermal Conductivity of Nanofluids
2.2 Viscosity
2.3 Heat Transfer Capacity
2.4 Pumping Power
3 Discussion and Future Outlook
4 Conclusion
References
Investigation on Ranque–Hilsch Vortex Tube Using Different Turbulence Models
1 Introduction
2 Computational Domain and Boundary Conditions
3 Mathematical Formulations
4 Results and Discussion
5 Conclusions
References
Materials and Smart Manufacturing Processes
Development of Bio-Material (Tiger Grass-Reinforced Gaur Gum Matrix Composite) for an Alternative Bio-Based Cutlery for Food Service Applications
1 Introduction
2 Materials and Methodology
2.1 Bio-Composites Developed
2.2 Experimental Set-Up
3 Results and Discussion
3.1 Phase I: Variation of Stress and Deformation for Bio-Composite 1
3.2 Phase II: Variation of Stress and Deformation for Bio-Composite 2
4 Finite Element Analysis
4.1 Solid Model Development
4.2 Mesh Generation
4.3 Load and Boundary Conditions
4.4 FEA Results and Discussion
5 Conclusions
References
A Concise View Point on Effects of Agro and Industrial Waste as Reinforcement on Characteristic Properties of Aluminum Alloy-Based Metal Matrix Composites
1 Introduction
2 Fabrication of Aluminum Alloy-Based Metal Matrix Composite
3 Types of Reinforcements Used During Manufacturing of AMCs
4 Properties of Al Matrix Composite (AMCs)
4.1 Mechanical Properties
4.2 Tribological Properties
5 Literature Gap
6 Objectives
7 Concluding Remarks
References
A Study on Performance of Hydroxyapatite-Filled Polycarbonate and Polysulfone Composites Under Two-Body Abrasive Wear
1 Introduction
2 Composite Preparation
3 Experimental Details of Two-Body Abrasion Wear Test
4 Results and Discussion
4.1 Abrasive Wear Loss
4.2 Prediction of Abrasive Wear Behavior of Composites
4.3 SEM Analysis
5 Conclusions
References
Optimization of Laser Hardening Process Parameters for Cast Iron Using a Design of Experiment Method
1 Introduction
1.1 Background
2 Experimental Details
2.1 Material Used for Experimentation
2.2 Experimental Setup and Sample Preparation
2.3 Metallographic and Microstructural Analysis
2.4 Experimental Design
3 Results and Discussion
3.1 Microhardness Analysis by Taguchi’s Experimental Design
3.2 Effect of Laser Power on Hardness
3.3 Effects of Laser Scan Speed on Microhardness
3.4 Surface Morphology Using Microstructure
3.5 Hardness Predication Using Predictive Equation
4 Conclusions
References
FMECA Analysis and Condition Monitoring of Kneader in Green Anode Plant of an Aluminium Smelter
1 Introduction
1.1 Condition Monitoring
1.2 Failure Mode, Effect and Criticality Analysis (FMECA)
1.3 RPNs
2 Methodology and Experimentation
2.1 FMECA of Green Anode Plant
3 Observations and Case Study
3.1 Case Study: Condition Monitoring of Kneader's Gear Box
4 Summary
References
Effect of Hot Rolling on Physical and Mechanical Properties of Al 6061 Alloy-Based Metal Matrix Composite
1 Introduction
2 Experimental Details
3 Result and Discussion
3.1 Microstructural Analysis
3.2 Density
3.3 Hardness
3.4 Tensile Test
3.5 Factography of Selected Composite
4 Conclusion
References
Blast Mitigation Analysis of Clay Brick Masonry Wall
1 Introduction
2 Geometry of Wall, Material Properties and FE Modeling
3 FE Validation of the Present Study
4 Results and Discussions
5 Conclusions
References
Interdependence of Morphological, Mechanical and Fracture Behaviour of Toughened Bio-Based Polyamide 11
1 Introduction
2 Experimental
2.1 Materials and Sample Preparation
2.2 Thermal and Morphological Analysis
2.3 Mechanical Properties
2.4 Essential Work of Fracture (EWF) Analysis
3 Results and Discussion
3.1 Thermal Properties and Melt Flow Behaviour
3.2 Morphology of Blends
3.3 Mechanical Performances
3.4 Fracture Behaviour and Its Correlation to Morphology and Impact Behavior
4 Conclusions
References
Fabrication of Chitosan–Carboxymethyl Cellulose Silver Nanocomposite Films as Antimicrobial Materials
1 Introduction
2 Experimental Techniques
2.1 Materials
2.2 Preparation of Nanocomposite Films
2.3 Characterization
3 Results and Discussion
3.1 Fabrication of Chitosan–Carboxymethyl Cellulose Silver Nanocomposite Films
3.2 UV–Visible Spectroscopy
3.3 X-ray Diffraction
3.4 FTIR Analysis
3.5 Electron Microscopic Analysis
3.6 Thermogravimetric Analysis
3.7 Mechanical Studies
3.8 Antibacterial Activity
4 Conclusions
References
Multi-objective Optimization of EDM Process Parameters on Al-7075-Based Hybrid MMCs
1 Introduction
1.1 Principle of EDM
2 Experimental
2.1 Machining Levels
3 Results and Discussion
3.1 Optimization Using Grey Relation Analysis
4 Conclusion
5 Future Work
References
Parametric Optimization of CNC Milling of Al-7075 Based MMCs
1 Introduction
2 Experimental Setup
3 Cutting Tool Material
4 Selection of Control Factors or Input Parameter
5 Results and Discussion
6 Cutting Parameters Influence on Surface Roughness and MRR
7 Conclusions
8 Future Scope
References
Tribo-Behaviour of Tin-Based Dry Bearing Material
1 Introduction
2 Experimental Procedure
3 Results and Discussions
4 Conclusion
References
Optimization of Process Parameters for Wired Electro-Discharge Machining of Titanium Based Hybrid Compo-Sites Using Response Surface Methodology
1 Introduction
2 Experimental Methodology
3 Results and Discussion
3.1 Material Removal Rate (MRR)
3.2 Surface Roughness (SR)
4 Optimization
5 Conclusion
References
Interaction of Ru-4′-(2-pyridyl)- 2,2′:6′,2″-Terpyridine with Diseased HER2 Protein
1 Introduction
2 Computational Method
3 Results and Discussion
4 Conclusions
References
Morphology and Mechanical Properties of Polyamide 12/polypropylene/multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes Nanocomposites
1 Introduction
2 Experimental
2.1 Fabrication of Polymer Composites
2.2 Characterization
3 Results and Discussion
3.1 Nanomorphology by TEM
3.2 Solid-State Relaxation Properties
3.3 Quasi-Static Mechanical Properties: Uniaxial Tensile Response
3.4 Tensile-Fractured Surface Morphology
4 Conclusions
References
Effect of Cold Work on Microstructure and Corrosion Properties of 304L Stainless Steel
1 Introduction
2 Experimental Procedures
3 Results and Discussion
4 Conclusions
References
Comparative Study of Mechanical Properties of Natural Fibers
1 Introduction
2 Raw Materials for Hybrid Composites
3 Preparations of Composite Specimens
4 Tests Method
4.1 Tensile Test
4.2 Flexural Strength
5 Results
6 Conclusions
References
Parametric Appraisal of CNC Micro-drilling of Aerospace Material (PMMA) Using Taguchi-Based EDAS Method
1 Introduction
2 Experimental Detail and Methodology
3 EDAS Method
4 Results and Discussion
5 Confirmation Experiment
6 Conclusion
References
Multi-parametric Optimization of Wire-EDM of Inconel 718 Super Alloy Using Taguchi-Coupled WASPAS Method
1 Introduction
2 Experimental Methodology
2.1 Calculation of Weights Between Norms by Pair-Wise Comparison
2.2 Weighted Aggregated Sum Product Assessment (WASPAS) Method
3 Results and Discussion
3.1 Most Significant Factor
3.2 Confirmation Experiment
4 Conclusions
References
Effect of Graphene Oxide and Temperature on Dielectric Relaxation Behavior of Poly(Vinyl Alcohol)-Based Nanocomposite
1 Introduction
2 Experimental
2.1 Materials
2.2 Synthesis of Graphene Oxide (GO)
2.3 Preparation of PVA/GO Film
2.4 Characterization
3 Results and Discussion
3.1 High-Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy (HRTEM).
3.2 Field Emission Scanning Microscopy (FESEM)
3.3 Dielectric Permittivity
3.4 Electrical Conductivity (σac)
3.5 Impedance Analysis
3.6 Nyquist Plot
4 Conclusions
References
Effect of Sheet Temperature on Thickness Distribution of the Thermoformed Hemispherical Dome
1 Introduction
2 Contact Thermoforming
3 Numerical Studies
3.1 Material Modelling
3.2 Boundary Conditions and Interactions
3.3 Numerical Procedure
4 Results and Discussion
5 Conclusion
References
A Review of Current Researches on Powder Mixed Electrical Discharge Machining (PMEDM) Technology
1 Introduction
2 History
3 Methodology
4 Conclusion
5 Future Scope
References
Understanding the Deformation Micro-mechanism in Ti–6Al–4V Alloy U-Notched Specimen
1 Introduction
2 Experimental
3 Results and Discussion
4 Conclusion
References
Influence of Annealing Time on Local Texture Evolution in Forged Ti–6Al–4V Alloy
1 Introduction
2 Experimental
3 Result and Discussion
4 Summary and Conclusion
References
SUS304 Material Coating with Nickel Through Electroplating
1 Introduction
2 Material and Method
3 Results and Discussion
4 Conclusions
References
Three-dimensional FE Model for Stress Analysis of Adhesively Bonded Single Lap Joints with Hard Steel Adherend
1 Introduction
2 3-D Finite Element Modelling of the SLJ
3 Validate the Experiment Results with FEA
4 Results and Discussion
4.1 Distribution of Peel Stress (σyy) in the Overlap Region
4.2 Distribution of Direct Shear Stresses (τyx) in the Overlap Region
4.3 Distribution of Transverse Shear Stresses (τyz) in the Overlap Region
5 Conclusions
References
Numerical Simulation of Sand Casting Process: A Case Study on Globe Valve
1 Introduction
2 Numerical Simulation
3 Governing Equation
4 Continuity Equation
5 Momentum Conservation
6 Energy Conservation Equation
7 Volume of Fluid-Function Equation
8 Model Development
9 Results and Discussion
10 Experimental Validation
11 Conclusions
References
Effect of Polarity on MRR and TWR in Electric Discharge Machining
1 Introduction
2 Experimental
2.1 Machine tool
2.2 Dielectric
2.3 Materials
2.4 Holding device
2.5 Experimental Procedure
3 Results and Discussion
4 Conclusions
References
Design of a Torque Controller with Application to a Single Degree of Freedom Haptic Device
1 Introduction
2 Model of the Haptic Device
3 Design of the Torque Controller
4 Methodology for Determining the Torque of the Motor
5 Results and Discussion
6 Conclusion
References
Surface Gas Nitriding of Titanium (Ti–6Al–4V) Alloy
1 Introduction
2 Experimental Details
2.1 Sample Preparation
3 Gas Nitriding
3.1 Hardness Testing, SEM Analysis and Roughness Measurement
4 Results and Discussion
4.1 Surface Appearance
4.2 Scanning Electron Micrographs
4.3 Surface Morphology and Roughness
5 Conclusions
References
Mechanical Systems Design
Navigation Method for Pioneer P3-DX Ground Wheeled Robot in V-REP Platform Using Type-2 Fuzzy Neural Network (T2FNN) Architecture
1 Introduction
2 Type-2 Fuzzy Neural Network (T2FNN) Architecture for Velocity Control
3 V-REP-Based Three-Dimensional (3D) Experimental Results and Comparison with Previous Benchmark Neural Network (NN) Approach [11]
4 Conclusions
References
Design and Analysis of Weld Bead Cutting Tool Using FEA Technique with Experimental Verification of Cutting Force
1 Introduction
2 Problem Statement
3 Material
4 Design Calculation for Disc Spring
5 FE Analysis
6 Results
7 Experiment
8 Results
9 Conclusions
References
Design, Fabrication of Human-Powered Vehicle
1 Introduction
2 Methodology
2.1 Design Selection
2.2 Frame
2.3 Steering System
2.4 Braking System
2.5 Drive Train (Transmission)
3 Conclusion
References
Detection of Breathing Crack Using Vibration Signal Analysis
1 Introduction
2 Experimental Setup and Testing Procedure
3 Results and Discussion
4 Conclusions
References
Wear Behavior of Orange Peel Reinforced Epoxy Composite
1 Introduction
2 Experimental Details
2.1 Materials
2.2 Fabrication of Composite
2.3 Density and Void Fraction
2.4 Abrasive Wear Test
3 Results and Discussions
3.1 SEM Observation
4 Conclusions
References
Industrial Engineering
Design and Implementation of a Safety Poka-Yoke for Workers Safety: A Case Study
1 Introduction
2 Problem Observed in Industry
3 The Safety Poka-Yoke
3.1 Listing Possible Solutions
3.2 Merits and Demerits of Each System
3.3 Selection of Actuating Piston and Actuating Power Supply
3.4 Piston Parameters Selection
3.5 Electro-pneumatic Circuit Design
4 Conclusion
References
Identifying the Features Influencing Sustainable Products: A Study on Green Cosmetics
1 Introduction
2 Literature Review and Hypothesis Formation
3 Objectives
4 Methodology
5 Results and Discussion
5.1 Result of Hypothesis
6 Conclusion
6.1 Limitation of the Study and Scope for Future Research
References
A Framework of Lean–Six Sigma: An Evolutionary Approach
1 Introduction
2 Literature Survey
2.1 Focus
2.2 Outcomes/Conclusions
2.3 Future Research/Limitations
3 Lean–Six Sigma Model
4 Discussion and Analysis
5 Conclusions and Future Scope
References
Study of Customer Relationship Management in Automobile Industry
1 Introduction
2 Literature Review
3 Methodology
4 Results and Discussion
4.1 Customer Relationship Management Related to Customer Satisfaction and Customer Loyalty in Automobile Industry
4.2 Customer Relationship Management Related to Brand Building in Automobile Industry
4.3 Customer Relationship Management Related to the After-Sales Service Section of the Automobile Industry
4.4 Expectation Levels on the Quality of Service Provided by the Company
4.5 Expectation Levels of the Customers Regarding Prices
4.6 Opinion About the Manager
4.7 Inconvenience by the Time Taken for Servicing
4.8 Satisfaction Level of the Customer
5 Findings and Suggestions
6 Conclusion
References
Supplier Relationship Management Is a Key to Supply Chain Management
1 Introduction
2 Literature Review
3 Methodology
3.1 Survey Data Analysis
4 Statistical Analysis
4.1 Principal Component Analysis
4.2 Regression Analysis
5 Results and Discussion
6 Conclusion
References
Identification of Factors Influencing Mental Workload in Manual Sorting
1 Introduction
2 Review of Literature
3 Problem Description
4 Experimental Methodology and Design
5 Results, Analysis and Findings
6 Conclusions
References

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