A syllabus for behavior of secondary students

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A Project Presented to The Faculty of the School of Education The University of Southern California

In Partial Fulfillment Of the Requirements for the Degree of Master of Science in Education

By Helen Yvonne Snell June 1950

UMI Number: EP46583

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^ •

T h is p r o je c t r e p o r t, w r i t t e n u n d e r th e d ir e c tio n o f the ca n d id a te ’s a d v is e r a n d a p p r o v e d by h im , has been prese n te d to a n d a c ce p te d by the F a c u l t y o f the S c h o o l o f E d u c a t io n in p a r t i a l f u l f i l l m e n t o f th e re q u ire m e n ts f o r th e degree

o f M a s te r of

S cience in E d u c a t io n .


A d v is e r









How to read the signs of success

or failure......






How to win family confidence....







5 How to express your gratitude.....

HOW TO HAVE FUN AT HOME................



How to do. your share

at home....... 4.


How to play games with

7 14

your parents. 14

How to take your parents to a



17 How to listen to your

parents favorite yarns.......................... 20 4.


How to play tricks on your parents... 20



How to change places with your

parents.................................. 6.






How to joke with your parents....... 25 How to compliment each other



FAMILY INCOME..................





How to make the family budget





How to make and save .your money


How to get the most out of what

you have...................................... 4* SHARING:

How to give and gain.................





own room

How to clean and care for your

................. PART II.




How to get to school on time........... 58 How to take an active part in your




















How to clean a room and make it shine. 47




How to keep work from being drudgery 45

How to save time, steps and energy




How to be a real helper in your home. 44




WELL.............. ....... ........................ 1.


How to buy with tomorrow’s

money.,....................................... 4.



How to go from one class to another-65

How to use and treat school books.... 68 How to make your locker serve you


How to make use of the




How to watch a classroom move..... 74

. iv*



. MOON; 1.




How to select your food.............. .


How to eat your lunch at school......



How to avoid accidents during

your lunch period............................ 4» RELAXATION: 5. ON TIME:

How to rest during your lunch period







How to get to your locker and save



How to keep moving.............

94 95

How to continue the day’s good

behavior....................................... 5. ON YOUR WAY:


How to prepare materials at the

close of your last class..........



How to eliminate tardiness after the

noon period. .. •................................ 7. NIGHT:


How to walk home in good order


96 97




AND AT SCHOOL....................... 1.







How to plan and give a party at home... 105 How to be a good host or hostess... Ill

How to plan and give a dance at school. 116




How to get the most out of


PAGE a picnic.............................



How to take part in a camping





How to enjoy outdoor games.

126 trip..



How to play at the beach...



PREFACE ffWhy do they act the' way they do?" asked a junior high school boy of his class after an unpleasant experience in the halls of his school.

Upon investigation, the ■

teacher.found that, not only this

boy and this class, but

four other classes, were extremely interested in the im­ provement of behavior in their school.

With some careful

planning for the time it would take, these people decided to pool their ideas, gather materials and write this book. It .was completed through the help and with the suggestions of many boys and girls just like you.

They all wanted to

become better citizens in their homes, their school and their community. purpose.

The very name of the book tells you its

It is to give you an easy-to-read outline of the

very simple things you may do to improve your own behavior. They have written this book as though they were talking with you.

They only hope you will gain as much pleasure


personal help from reading this b.ook as they have gained in writing it.




HOW TO ACHIEVE A HAPPY HOME AT HOME One of the finest things in the world is to have a really happy home*

Every boy and every girl wants

to do everything possible to make family life success­ ful as well as happy.

The question we all ask is,

”What can we do, as children, to help make our homes happy?”

There are rules of conduct, attitudes of

mind, patterns of behavior which will help you with this important question and show you how to solve its many implications.

If you wish to know how your own

family’s life may be decidedly improve by your conduct and attitude, please read the following four chapters carefully.








Rewards that may come from happiness in

your home. 1.


You need not be afraid to have your

friends in your home if they find happiness there* 2. GOOD LOOKS;

You will be a better looking individual

if you walk away from a happy home each day. 3. GENEROSITY:

You will find it as easy to "give" as

it is to "take" while living with happy people* B.


Suggestions on how to make your home a

happy place to live. 1. GUIDEPOSTS:

How to read the signs of success or

failure* a.

Step softly when you enter the house from school or play. (1)

Your mother may be resting after a hard day*s work.


There may be company and you would not wish to intrude.


Look for some little chore you may do with­ out being told.


Call "hello" in a friendly voice when you get home. (1)

Greet others as you wish them to greet you.


Do not fail to speak to any member of your family.

Do not start sating at any time unless the person who plans the meals gives you permission. Cl)

Your own health is at stake if you spoil your appetite*


Unhappiness is certain if you eat something which has been prepared for a meal before time for that meal*


When you eat between meals, be sure that you wash and put away all of your dirty dishes.

Hang up your school clothes when you change to your work or play clothes. (1)

Ho member of your family likes to feel-that you expect to be waited on hand and foot.

(2 ) Pick up and put away all of the things you left out of place as you hurried away in the morning. Get your homework done when it is the most conven­ ient for all members of your family. (1)

Don’t go to the library at a time when your mother needs you for errands to the store.


Don’t keep the best light and work table for an entire evening when there are others who need it as much as you*


Don’t expect others to do your homework for you.

It is your responsibility.

Ask your

teachers for help and not your family* HEART-TO-HEART: How to win family confidence. a.

Hold intimate conversations with your mother and father. (1)

Tell the members of your family what you do when you go out with your friends.

(2 ) Let your parents plan with you. (3)

When you have problems, share them with your family; let them help. you.


Give an attentive ear to your family when there are problems to solve and plans to make.


Always keep all money matters straight and never allow any doubt about money to go unexplained. (1)

Assume responsibility about money when you can but be sure you are worthy of the trust.


Keep an accurate account of the cost of things ehen yousgo to the store for your mother.


Always count the change back to your mother when you return from shopping.


How to do your share at

home •. a.

Do the things you are supposed to do. (1)

Get your chores done without being told every day.

(2 ) Do them well the first time. (3)

Do not complain while doing your work.

Do things you have not been asked to-do. (1)

Put things where they belong when you see them out of place.


Do another’s part when he is unable to do it.


When you see your mother start to do some­ thing such as, set the table, sweep the floor, make the bed — - do it for her.

Walk around the yard and do things that need to be done. (r)

Cut the lawn.


Trim the hedges.


Stake up the flowers when they need it.


Water the lawn and plants carefully.


Dig around the plants.

(6 ) Pull the weeds from the lawn and garden. (7)

Roll up the water hose and put it away.

(8 ) Sweep and clean the walks. Act right when company is present. (1)

Don’t bring up family problems when there is a guest in the house.


Don’t ask favors or needless questions in front of company.



Excuse yourself and go on to your regu­ lar work if your mother is entertaining a guest when you get home from school,


Act right when company is not present, (1) Don’t slam doors. (2) Speak in a courteous manner always. (3)

Keep whistling and boisterous actions formthe playground.


Walk on the walks and not on the lawn or flower beds.



How to express your gratitude.

Look for things to be thankful about. (1) Say "thank you” when your clothes have been washed and ironed. (2)

Express your thanks for favors.


Compliment your mother when she has been to the beauty shop.

Tell her you

are glad she makes herself look so nice and that you are proud of her. (4)

Tell your dad how fine he looks after a new hair cut.


Compliment all members of the family when special care has been taken in dressing.


See things that have been done around the home each day.


Compliment your mother for a nice dinner*


Tell your mother the house looks nice after she has cleaned and rearranged the furniture.


Show your appreciation for food prepared especially for you by helping with the dishes.


Show your appreciation for the good care your mother gave you by offering your help with the younger children.


Give credit for the little things done to make your room more attractive and comfortable.

(6 )

Compliment and appreciate any effort for redecorating the home by helping to keep it neat and clean.


Express your joy over new flower beds and a nice lawn.

(8 )

Remark over new curtains.


Remember to say "thank you** when mend­ ing has been done on your clothes.


When any work is done for you, always say you are glad.



Show enthusiasm in your comments over the fresh wash and polish job on the car*


When an effort has been made by a member of your family to be pleasant to your friends, express your satis­ faction for it.


SOURCES FOR THIS CHAPTER: . ?/here to get further assistance* a.

Baxter, Laura, Justin, Margaret, and Rust, Lucile 0.:

Sharing Home Life. J. B.

Lippincott Company, Philadelphia, 1941. b.

Greer, Carlotta C.:

Your Home and You.

Allyn and Bacon, Boston, 1943. c.

Harris, Jessie W., Tate, Mildred T., and Anders, Ida A . : Everyday Living. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, 1944.


Justin, Margaret M., and Rust, Lucile 0.: Home and Family Living.

J . B. Lippincott

Company, Philadelphia, 1941. e.

Kinyon, Kate, and Hopkins, L. Thomas: Junior Home Problems.

Benjamin Sanborn

Company, Hew York, 1935. C.

ACTIVITY ASSIGNMENTS: Things to do to help you gain and keep harmony in your home.



GRATITUDE: Thank your mother for the dinner she serves tonight.

Write out the first

attempt so that you will know what you are going to say before, you start. 2.


Tell your parents how glad

you are that they are your parents and show your appreciation by doing one of their regu­ lar household tasks for them. 3.


Tell your parents some of the things

you intend to do to improve your conduct around home. 4*

Look for one thing around your home which has gone unnoticed and express appreciation for it.



Samples of some check-ups which may

be applied to your HARMONY techniques. 1.


Place an X in the correct space

for true or false. T F a.

( ) ()

It is proper to help yourself to

something to eat if you are hun­ gry when you get home from school without asking your mother’s per­ mission. b.

{ ) () You should go about your assigned tasks without waiting to be told each day to do so.


( ) ( )

When your mother is tired, you should not let that make any difference with the way you act around home.


( ) C 5

If a guest is present when you get from school, you should walk right past without interrupt* ing even to say "Hello.”

e. ( ) ( )

Never tell your family about the things you do when you go out socially.

f. ( ) ( ) You should

not walk aeross;.the

flower beds but keep to the walks. -BUST ANSWER;

Pl§,ce the number of the best

answer in the parentheses. a. ( ) It

is not good technique to:

Hang up your clothes.


(2 ) Whistle

and talk in a boisterous manner in the house.


Save discussion of

family problems until there are no guests present.


Greet others

in a pleasant manner. b. ( ) To

make other members of your family

happy you should not:


Ask favors

or needless questions in front of



Walk around the

yard and do things that need to he done.


Do another’s part

when he is unahle to do it.


Put things where they belong, c.

( )

To show that, you are happy with your part of the family chores you should:


you work;’. (£)

Complain while Do the things you

are supposed to do well.


Do things over many times.


Slam doors around home. HATING SCALE:

Place an 1C in each space

for which you qualify. a.

{ ) Walk quietly into the house when after school.


( ) Changed clothes and put everything away in its proper place.


( ) Greeted everyone in a courteous manner.


( } Ate food I was supposed to eat when I got home.'


( ) Finished my homework at the right time.


( ) Shared my problems with the


Listened to the family problems with real interest. Kept an accurate account of the, money I spent at the store and returned all of the change to my mother. Looked about to see if there are litthe things I may do which are not my responsibility. Finished all of the chores for which I am responsible. Expressed appreciation for things which my mother did while I was at school today. Total*






Advantages which you may expect if

you, learn to express enjoyment at home* 1.


You will know your parents and

other members of your family better if you learn to enjoy them, S,


You will know that you have ful­

filled one of your chief responsibilities when you have made others happy, 3,


You will feel comfortable in your

mind if you know how to make others merry and

gay* B,


Methods of assuring more fun at home,


How to play games with your parents,

Teach your parents (one or both') to play one of your games, (1)

Be sure they are not busy and the time is right before you ask them to play with you,

(2 ) He 4-P them with their work so there will be time left for games. (3)

Bring the game where your parents wish to play.


Explain the game carefully before you start playing*


Go through a demonstration game before actually playing it.

(6 )

Be sure they like the game before you proceed.


If your parents do not like the game you teach them, do not insist that they play it but get another game.

Play your parents* favorite games with them. (1)

Listen well to their explanation of the game.

(2 ) Don*t tell them how the game should be played. (3)

Play their game as if you liked them even if you don’t.


Insist that you repeat the game until your parents ask for a change of games.


When you finish playing your parent’s game, tell them how much you enjoyed it.

(6 ) Ask your parents if they have^another game they would like to teach you. Show your card games to your parents and let them choose the one they wish to play. (1)

Separate the easy-to-play games from the more difficult ones.


If your parents decide on an easy game, do not insist on a more diffi­ cult one which, you prefer,

(3) Don’t try to get them to play a parti­ cular game

that you play well just to

he able to

beat them all the time,

(4) If parents

choose a game you don’t

like, play it anyway. (5)

Be a good sport about your losses and encourage your parents to win games from you,

(It will make them feel

that they are having a good time and they will want to play with you more often.) Tell your parents how much fun out-of-doors games can be, (1)

Help your parents with their chores so they will not be too tired to play games;

(it will allow them more time,

too.} (2)

If you want your father to play, don’t suggest a woman’s game,


If you want your mother to play, don’t suggest a man’s game,


If you want them both to play, suggest

a family game* such as horse shoes, croquet, putting, etc. (5)

Tell them of your sports activities at school and ask them to help you perfect the game at home.

(6 ) Let your parents determine the length of time to play, so they will not get tired. (7)

Thank them for playing and show your appreciation by helping them with some extra job.


How to take your parents to a

show. a.

Save your money. (1)

Make some extra money by doing odd jobs for neighbors.


Save your allowance money for a few weeks.


Carry your lunch to school and save your lunch money.


Invite your parents to go to some particular show. (1)

Wait until some very special show is on before you ask them to go.


Do not ask them to go to some show

which you know they will enjoy, even if it is your favorite type. (3)

If necessary, take them separately so that you will know they are having a good time and seeing a picture they like.

Make your invitation clever. (13

Invent your own stationery by drawing or tracing a design or picture on the front of the folded sheet.


Write your invitation in ink.

(3 ) A witty verse might be far more fun than prose.

(4 ) Give the day, the time and the name of the show in the invitation.

(5 ) Be sure the invitation is received at least three days before the actual date of the show. (6 ) You might place the invitation in front of the plate at the dinner table and mark it "Do not open until after din­ ner."

(7 ) Do not loose your poise when your parents brag on you and express their appreciation for your thoughtfulness.

Strut your stuff and act grown-up* (1)

Dress to meet the approval of your parents,


Be on time to meet them in the liv­ ing room,


Compliment either or both of them on their appearance.


If you go in the family car, be sure you have money enough to pay for the parking,


If you go on the street car, be sure you take care of the fares, the trans­ fers, the courtesies,

(6 ) Ask your parents to wait to one side while you get in line for the tickets, (7)

The general admission tickets are considered good taste but do not get the seats in the balcony for a movie. If you are attending a stage play or a musical, balcony seats would be con­ sidered appropriate.

(8 )

Seat your parents first and to the cen ter of the row.


After the show, do not suggest refresh ments unless you have the money to pay for eats.




How to listen to

your parents* favorite yarns* a*

Watch, with interest, as your parents de describe the setting for a story even if you have heard it many times before* (1)

Show this interest by asking a ques­ tion now and then which will help them remember all the details*

(2 ) Never look sleepy or bored while one of your parents is talking to you or in your presence* b.

Sit quietly while any one is talking* (1)

It is very bad manners for you to move about duripg the telling of a story*


Don*t walk out of the room - this is insulting*


Be a gentleman and laugh if the story is funny* -rj



How to play tricks on your parents,

Show your tricks to your parents before you play with them* (1 )

?ilhen you buy a new rubber snake, lizard or spider, take them to your parents and show them how "real ’they

look. (2 ) Explain how muoh fun you think it is to play tricks with these toys. (3)

Have your mother handle the trick toys so that she will not he afraid of them.

Play tricks with these frightening toys only when you know your parents feel like playing tricks. (1)

Do not put a rubber snake in the bed when you know your parents are tired and will not see that you are only having fun.


If there is a member of your family who does not like to play with these tricks, do not insist that he partici­ pate.


Tell company about the tricks but do not use these tricks to frighten guests.


A warning that there will be a trick played on your mother sometime during an evening will prove to be as much fun as trying to scare her with a sur­ prise trick*

Practice your card tricks so that you do


them well before you show them to your family* (1)

Much practice is.needed to make card trieks interesting*

(2) Do not expect to learn a card trick by reading about it

in a book.

(3) You cannot learn card tricks by watching someone else do it once or twice.

You must do it yourself

several times. (4) Practice with your own cards or with some you have permission to use. (5)

Do not expect an audience or any praise while you are learning a new trick.


Practice in front of a mirror will help you to perfect


Show your card tricks to

your technique. your family when

they are not busy with other things. (1)

If you disturb others with your tricks, they will not care to see them as much as if you wait for the right moment.


If you fail with one of your tricks, do not insist that others sit quietly while you try over and over to perfect it.

(Practice in private.)


When you do your tricks well, take the praise given freeiy and do not insist that others flatter you for your cleverness.


Do not ask to be allowed to repeat a trick.

Never repeat unless you

are Invited to do so. Give instruction to others.

(1 ) Be willing to share your interest with your parents if they should want to learn to do card tricks.

(2 ) Never force this interest on anyone* Wait for them to ask you to show how to do the tricks* C3)

It would be better to teach the simple tricks first so that your parents will not become discouraged and loose inter­ est*


Compliment any progress your parents make in learning one of your tricks.


When you are asked to do a trick which you have taught your parents to perform, have them do it.

(6 ) Give your parents a new book of card tricks for a gift.


How to change places with your

parents. a.

Make a plan with all members of the family agreeing that the parents will be the "children" for a day. (1)

Get members of the family together the evening before so the plan will go into effect the following day.


Be sure all suggestions in the plan meet with your parents approval.


Make the plan for a day when all mem­ bers of the family will be home.

(4 ) Decide who will be the "mother" and the "father." (5)

Allow the "parents" to enforce the plan as scheduled.


Put the plan into effect. (1)

Set the alarm and get things started for breakfast before the "children" are called.


Call "children" and see that they wash well before breakfast.


During all meals, see that the "chil­ dren" carry out all family rules for good conduct.


Carry out household chores according to the schedule made in the plan.


Criticize work poorly done by the "children" and inflict some slight punishment.


Compliment work well done andireward them for it by having a picnic or tak­ ing them to a show.


"Take it easy", don’t carry things too far and keep yourself under con­ trol at all times.


Make a quick retreat if you see that things are getting out of hand;


that your "children" have a rest, read the paper, pop some corn, etc. (9)

At the close of the day, tell your "children" how much you have enjoyed them and that you would like to be their "parents" some other time.


How to joke with your parents,

Catch them in the right mood for joking. (1)

Ififhen they are tired from working all day they do not want to joke before dinner.


When they ask to have the radio and

record player turned off, you know they are not in a mood for joking* (3)

If the expression on their faces is not happy, it is not time to joke*


When they tell a joke first, you know it is the time to joke with them*


Ask your parents if they feel like joking*


Find out if your parents have time to joke for a few minutes*


Don’t use improper expressions when you joke with your parents*..• (1)

If you use current, popular expressions, be sure your parents understand the meaning of them*


Don’t laugh in the middle of your own joke.


When you start a joke, be sure you know all of it.


Don’t act insulted if your joke is not appreciated.


How to compliment each other,

Express appreciation at any time but be sure you mean what you say. (1)

It is easy to tell when a compliment

is not sincere so watch yourself and do not flatter. (2)

I't is never too late to express your appreciation for anything; if you for­ get it today —


do it tomorrow.

Write a letter to your parents and tell them how much you appreciate what they do for you and how much they mean to you.


Mail the letter in the usual way.


not just leave it at home for them to find. h.

Say what you mean and say it correctly. (1)

If you feel you want to thank your mother for doing some difficult task, such as washing your dirty jeans, THANK HERS


Make yourself say kind things to mem­ bers of your family.


If it seems hard for you to express your thankssto people, begin by trying to say only a few words.


Add more words and increase the length of your expression as it becomes easier for you.

(5) It might be easier to compliment your parents about things they do for each other;

then include your­

self in the expression after it becomes easier for you, c.

Get your younger brothers and listers to express gratitude, (1) Tell them things to say to your parents which will show appreciation. (2) Compliment them after they have fol­ lowed your suggestion, (3) Help them by setting a good example yourself,



Where to get further

assistance. a.

Abraham, R. M . : Winter Nights Entertain­ ments.

E. P. Dutton and Company, Inc.,

New York, 1933. b.

Meyer, Jerome S. (Editor), Fun for the Family. Greenberg. Publishers, Inc., New York, 1937.


Wood, Living Together in the Family. (Revised) American Home Economics Associa­ tion, Washington, D. C., 1940.



Things for you to do to


start having fun with your parent8. 1.


Play several games with your parents

as soon as they have time.

Brag on them when

they win and make them feel happy about play­ ing with you. 2.


Take your parent to a show just as

soon as you can save the money for it. 3.


Have your parents tell you of some

of their experiences when they were your age. Give them your best attention. D.


Samples of some types of check-ups

which may be applied to your techniques of having fun at home. 1.


Place an X in the correct space

for true or false. T F a. ( 5 ( ) You should insist that your parents play games with you when you want them to. b.

( )( ) Have a regular place to play games and expect your parents to come there to play.


( )( 5 Be sure your parent like the game you want to play.


( )( ) You should expect your father to play a woman11s game.


( ) ( 5 You should let your parents determine the length of time to play games*


( )

( ) Always thank your parents for playing with you.


( )

( ) You should ask your parents for money to take'them to a show so that you will get to go.


( )

C ) When your parents start telling a story yoy have heard many times before, you should not waste time but leave the room and not listen to it again.


( )

( 5 When you play tricks on your parents, you should try to scare them because that is more fun.


( }

( 5 Never show anyone how to play your card tricks.


( )

( ) Wait for the right time before you start joking with your parents.


Place the number of the best

answer in the parentheses. a.

{ }

If your parents do not seem to like a game you have taught them, you should (1)

Insist that they play it anyway.

(2)Teach them another way to play the game.


game to play*

Get a different (4)

Tell them

they are dumb or they would like the game, b.

(5 If your parents choose to play a game you do not care for, you should: Play it anyway.



Refuse to play

and go to some other activity.


Play without interest so they will not want to play the game very long.


Insist that they play a different game. RATING SCALS:

Place an X in the space for which

you qualify. a*

C ) You explain games carefully to your

parents* b*

() You listen well when they explain a game to you.


() You choose a time when your parents are not busy before you ask them to play with you.


(5 You try to get your mother,

as well as

your father, to play games out of doors with you* a.

() You never try to get your parents to

play games which, you play especial­ ly well so that you will heat them all the time* You ho save your money and take your parents out to a show* You never insist that your family w watch you before you have learned to do card tricks quite well* You do not insist that your parents exchange places with you unless they wish to try it out. You are careful to see things for w which you may express appreciation and gratitude. You try to get your younger brothers and sisters to thank your parents for the many things they do for all of you. Total.






Rewards of making the most of your

share of the money in your family* 1.


You will he satisfied with what

you have, instead of wishing for the things that others have* 3.


When you make a plan for

your money, you will find that you seem to have enough* 3* ENJOYMENT:

You can en;joy the money you spend

without feeling guilty about it, if your plan takes care of all that you wish it to before­ hand* 4* SECURITY;

Planning for your spending gives

you a feeling of security, because you know exactly what you can have and -what you cantt afford* B.


Suggestions to help you get along with

your part of the money in your family* 1. ROUND TABLE: a*

How to make the f a M l y budget,

Cooperate with your family* (1)

Do not make excuses to be somewhere

else when the rest of the family are ready to sit down together to talk about the budget* (2)

Agree cheerfully when the family wish to spend money on items which you do not care about.


See your parents point of view in talking about household needs for the good of the whole family*


Make suggestions to benefit your own interests but do not insist upon their acceptance.

Be content with your allowance no matter what the amount is. (1)

Do not complain that your friends have more to spend than you do. Your parents are dping the best they can*


Realize that everyone else in your family would like to have more money too. .

Speak up in the family discussions so that the family can know what you think. Do not show too much disappointment when your ideas or desires are not accepted.


How to make and save pin money.

Earn money in activities that are simple. (1)

Take a daily paper route or sell papers on the corner.


Get a part time job delivering grocer­ ies.


Make popcorn halls and sell them.


Do simple needlework, which girls can sell.

Pot holders are easy to make

and used by everyone. (5)

Build a cold drink stand in front of your home and serve ice cold lemonade on hot summer days.


Cutting lawns and doing garden work is a fine way for boys to earn money in the summer time also.


Hun errands for your neighbors at a small cost to them. (1)

Go to the store for the lady next door when she has forgotten something.

(2)' Offer help to family next door espe­ cially when someone is sick.


is always need for extra errands then. c.

Ask about jobs at school.


Work in the cafeteria at noon time. This will also save money on your lunch expenses.


See your counselor about working in the attendance office during your free periods,


Look in the paper for advertisements for helping with housework or baby-sitting,


Shine shoes for extra cash.

This can be

done by boys who have their own equipment 8

or by working in a shoe repair shop. f.

Ask for part time work in your neighbor­ hood gas station.


Earn money by raising a small vegetable or flower garden.


How to get the most out of what

you have. a.

Shop around before you buy. (1)

To find the best price for an article means knowing the price in more than one store.


Look carefully at the quality of what you buy, whether it is food or clothes or something else.

b. Save a small amount if at all possible,

even though, it is only five cents* (1)

Use this savings when unexpected and important needs arise.


Spend your savings for holiday presents and greeting cards as on Mother’s Day and Father’s Day.

Be sure you plan your spending to buy the things you need the most first before you run out of money.

Ask your friends about where they buy in order to get other people’s ideas.


can often learn a great deal by listen-, ing to other ideas than your own. •

Keep a record of what and how you spend your money.

In looking back it is help­

ful to find ways of improving. SHARING: •

How to give and gain.

Listen for expressions of desire. (1)

When you hear someone wish for some­ thing, jot it down for future reference,


If you know of something you have that some member of your family might like to have, give it to him.

His happi­

ness will mean more to you than possession of the thing itself*


If you hear a wish for something, start saving your money to supply it.

Keep gift dates written where you can refer to them easily. (1)

Never let a date slip by, if it gives an opportunity to remember someone with a gift.


Celebrate dates apart from birthdays. They are remembered anyway, and you should try to bring KXTRA happiness to your family members.


Try to have your gifts be a surprise. Unexpected pleasures carry a very special joy.


Make an effort to give something especially personal, rather than gifts the whole family can share. This is all right sometimes, but it is very considerate to give to some­ one particularly.

Make gifts for your parents. (1)

Inexpensive gifts are appreciated, especially the ones you make your­ self.


Try to create useful gifts.


Be original.

This will bring you

recognition for your own. ideas as well as for your efforts* d.

Visit an artcraft store to obtain ideas for gifts and inexpensive ways of making them*


How to buy with tomorrow’s

money* a*

Borrow from your parents on your allowance. (15

Show them the saving involved in tak­ ing advantage of a sale price.


Tell them how much you need the item now rather than waiting weeks or months until the necessary amount of money has been saved,


Use your allowance as a down payment on the desired article and arrange monthly payments for the balance as you are able to pay*


Use your parent’s credit or charge account and then pay them back* (With permission only)


Where to get further


Austin, Kay:

What Do You Want for fl.98?

Carrick and Evans, Inc., New York, 1938. h.

Brindze, Ruth: Worth.

Johnny Get Your Money*s

The.Vanguard Press, New York,

1938. c.

Craig, Hazel T.: A Guide to Consumer Buying. D. C. Heath and Company, Boston, 1943.


Dana, Margaret:

Behind the Label. Little,

Brown and Company, Boston, 1938# e.

GAMBLE, M. T., and Porter, M. C.:


Market. To Market. The Bobbs-Merrill Company, Indianapolis, 1940. f.

Monroe, Day, Kyrk, Hazel, and Stone, Ursula B.: Eood Buying and Our Markets. M. Barrows and Company, New York, 1938.


Weiss, E. B.:

The Shopping Guide.

Whittlesey House, New York, 1937. C.


Things to do to help you

fie* you?..M flget-SP-inS.JP.i£Eerlj. 1.


Make a budget for your family

and have your parents go over it with you so that you will know if you have the right idea about budgeting for your own family. S.


Compare your budget with one you


will find in any of the books listed under "Sources" and try to improve yours* 3*


Get your family together and get

them to make a budget for your family so that you will understand more fully how much is being done for you and you will not expect more than your share. D» EVALUATION:

Samples of ways in which your mastery

of good budgeting techniques may be checked* 1*


Place X in the correct space for

true or false* T F a* { ) ( ) The best way to assist in making a budget for the family is to make a list of the things you want and present them to the family and insist that they pro­ vide for these things first* b*

( ) ( ) There are many good ways that you can make extra .spending money*


( ) ( ) You should always buy the first thing you see and not spend your time comparing prices*


( ) ( 5 You should keep an account of things to buy others for gifts so

that you will not get something they will not enjoy. BEST ANSWER:

Place the number of the best ans­

wer in the parentheses. a.

( ) The budget should be made by: Tour parents. (3)


By the children.

The older brothers and sisters

and the parents. b.



The whole family.

( ) The proper thing for you to do is:


See your parents point of view in considering the whole family. Agree with reservation.


(2) Make

excuses when the rest of the family is ready to sit down and talk about the budget*


Make suggestions

and insist that they be carried out. c.

( ) The best way to borrow money is: Prom a friend.


on your allowance. at school.



From your parents (3)

From a teacher

From the grocer where

your mother charges. RATING SCALE:

Place X in each space for which

you qualify. a.

( )

I make good suggestions about the family budget but I do not insist that


they be carried out. b.

( ) My allowance is small but I feel content with it because I know I have my full share of the family income.


( ) I try to make spending money in ways which meet the approval of my parents.


( ) When I buy, I try to get the most out of my money by looking around for the best values at the lowest prices.








MOTIVATION: Benefits that may result from work well done in a hurry* 1*


You will have more time for fun and

play if you know how to finish up your work first, 2.


If your work is well

done, your family will recognize your true worth to them* 3.


You will no

longer need to he "boused” if you prove that you can do things on your own* 4.


You don't have to work

nearly so hard if you know how to work fast and efficiently* B*

DIRECTIONS: Suggestions that will enable you to do your work quickly and well* 1.


How to be a real helper in your home*

Plan the housework with the rest of your family* (1) Discuss the plan before you start object* ing to any part of it* (2) Be willing to take suggestions. (3) Be willing to give suggestions when

you feel you are qualified* (4)

Do not make impossible assignments for yourself or others*

b* Carry out the plan as scheduled. (1)

Do your part on time as planned.


Do your


job well.

When suggestions are made about how you should do your work —


them willingly. (43

After you have been told a more way of doing your work, make tlie neces­ sary changes to that way.

c. Change the plan when it is necessary.


When a member of thefamily is ill, be surethat you take your share


that member's work for your responsi­ bility. (2)

If work which makes someone else unhappy does not bother you offer to change or trade some of your work with that person.


How to keep work from being

drudgery. a.

Sing while you work. (1)

Teach your mother your school songs while you wash the dishes.


Have your mother teach you songs she knows as you work around the house,


Sing hymns together while you work with others in the family*


Start an interesting conversation, (1)

Tell your mother about school affairs if you are doing some task which is quiet enough to make talking possible,


Talk about things that happen on the way home from school,


Make plans for the rest of the day as you get your work done,


Tell your mother about your friends while you iron or peel potatoes or dust.


Say how much you enjoyed working together,


How to save time, steps and energy,

Keep cleaning tools handy and clean, (1)

You will save time and energy by keeping a dust cloth in the kitchen as well as in other rooms.

It will

be conveniently stored if kept in a bag for that purpose.


A brush for cleaning the toilet may be kept near the toilet*


A broom cupboard for the broom, vacuum cleaner, brushes and mops is orderly*

(4) b.

Keep brushes for cleaning*

Watch someone who knows how to use the different tools so that may work with maximum efficiency* (1)

Ask your mother if you do not under­ stand how to do something*


Get criticism about your work before you waste time time*


How to clean a room and make it

shine• a*

Get the dust off of the walls which are papered* (1)

Do not use a cloth.


Use a wool brush or the attachment on the vacumm cleaner for that pur­ pose*

Wash painted walls correctly. (1)

In the kitchen or bathroom where the steam makes the walls more difficult to clean, use washing powders in the water*


Add § tablespoon of trisodium phos­ phate to each gallon of soapy water for a better cleanser.


Use an up-and-down stroke to wash walls; and wash only a small part of the wall at one time.


Rinse and dry each small portion of the wall before you do any more.


Overlap your strokes to keep from making streaks on the wall.

Clean the Woodwork. (1)

All woodwork should be dusted fre­ quently.


Wash any varnished or shellacked woodwork with a cloth wrung out of warm soapy water.


After wrinsing and drying, apply furniture polish to give it that new look.


Apply water to'waxed woodwork only if necessary and always use wax on it after you have rinsed and dried it well.

Sweep and clean the floors. (1)

Floors covered with carpet may be

cleaned often with either a broom or a carpet sweeper, (2)

If you use a broom, do not throw dust into the air.

Keep the broom

close to the floor and do not lift it up in the air at the end of a stroke* (3)

Sprinkle damp tea leaves on the floor before you sweep it to keep the dust down*


Keep a whisk broom for the floors so that you can get the corners clean. It may be used to clean under low furniture*


If you have a vacuum cleaner, use it at least once a week.


Use a long handled floor brush to sweep the floors around the edge of the carpet*

Then clean and polish

it like the woodwork. (7)

Floors covered with linoleum should be swept well before washing.


Wash linoleum with one quart soapy water to which you have added three tablespoons of turpentine*


Windows which are very dirty should

be -wiped with, a soft cloth before you wash them with plain water con•taining a small amount of household ammonia* (10)

Binse the windows well and shine with a lintless cloth or a piece of tissue paper*

PEB30NAL PRIDE: How to clean and care for your own room* a*

Keep all wearing apparel in the proper places. (1)

Arrange your room and the things in it for your convenience*


Make a place for everything you have so that you will be able to put everything in its place.

(3) a*

If you have no closet, make one.

Arrange drawers of your dresser. (1)

Use boxes to divide drawers into com*g partments for handkerchiefs, hose and other accessories*


Do not forget to leave space in the top drawer for. your comb and brush* They should not be left on top of the dresser.

Sun and clean your bed* (1)

Take the bed apart to clean all cre­ vices.


Brush the mattress with a whisk broom if you have no vacuum cleaner attach­ ments to use for this purpose.


Take your mattress out in the sun if possible.

If you cannot do this,

place the mattress near an open win­ dow where the sun will reach it. (4)

Turn your mattress often to equalize the wear on it.


Box springs may be cleaned with a vacuum cleaner and open springs with mild soap and water.

Clean your mirror with warm soapy water. Then rinse it and shine it with tissue paper or a lintless cloth. Keep your bathroom spotless. (1)

Rinse out the tub and washbowl each time it is used.


Hang up your own washcloth and towel neatly.


Keep toothbrush, hand lotion or any­ thing else that may have been used


in its proper place all of the time# (4)

Do not leave soiled clothes in the bathroom unless there is a container for them.


Scrub the floor as often as it needs it to be kept clean#

(6 )

Clean and polish the faucets fre­ quently.




Where to get further

assistance# a.

Adams, Charlotte:

The Run of the House.

The Macmillan Company, New York, 1942. b.

Allen, Edith Louise: for Girls.

Simplified Mechanics

The Manual Arts Press, Peoria,

Illinois, 1938. c.

Harris, Florence L.: Everywoman* s Complete Guide to Homemaking. Little, Brown and Company, Boston, 1936.


New York Herald Tribune Home Institute: America*s Housekeeping Book. Charles Scribner*s Sons, New York, 1941.


Sunset*s Household Handbook. Lane Publish,ing Company, San Francisco., 1941*



Performances that may help you

to do your household chores quickly and well.


Plan and write out a chart

for all of the house work you are expected to do in your home.

Make the chart very

plain so that there is no doubt as to what you are to do each day. E. SAVING TIME:

Keep an accurate account of

the time you spend on each household chore for one week.

Check this with your teacher

or your mother and get suggestions as to how you may do your work more quickly. 3. RESPONSIBILITY:

Make a list of the things

for which you wish to be completely responsi- • ble and check them carefully each week with your mother to make, sure you are doing all of your work well. D.


Samples of ways in which your mastery

of good household work techniques may be checked. 1.


Place X in the correct space for

true or false. a.

'.{ ) ( )

To be a real helper in your home, you should plan the housework with

* ., - * b.

the rest of the family. (5

( ) It'is a good thing to have a plan to follow.


( ) ,( ) Once the plan is made, it should

never be changed. d.

{ )

( } Work hard while you work and do not try to make work light by singing or visiting.


( )

( ) A brush will not clean as well as a cloth in some instances.


( )

( ) Always dust a wall from the top down - not from the bottom up.


( )

t ) Use an up-and-down stroke to wash painted walls.


( )

( ) Woodwork should never be dusted


{ 5

( ) While sweeping, you should keep the broom close to the floor and not lift it up in the air at the end of the stroke.


Place the number of the best

answer in the parentheses. a.

( )

The best way to plan your work is to do it:

Cl) Alone.

your mother.


(2 ) "With

With the other

children of the family.

(4) With

all of the family. b.

( ) One way to be happy while you work is to:

(1) sing.


Keep silent

(3) Make as much noise as possible



( }

The proper time to do your work is: (1) When you first get up in the morning*


Just as soon as you

get home from school*



ding to the time listed on the plan you have made*


When you are

told to do it* 3*

RATING- SCAL1: Place an X in each space for which you qualify* a*

() My work is done when it is supposed to he done*


() I do my work as I have been taught and not the way which seems best in my judgment*

• c.

{) I keep all of my clothes put away neatly in my closet,


() I keep my drawers neatly and orderly all of the time,


() I watch others who know how to use cleaning tools so that I may use them more efficiently,


( )

I take my bed apart to sun and clean it.

g* (

() I keep my bathroom spotless and tidy. )




HOW TO CARfiT ON SCHOOL AFFAIRS IN PLEASANT SIGNITY It is assumed, "by those who put these materials together, that every boy is manly; every girl, woman­ ly.

Considerable effort has been made in the following

chapters to help boys and girls who are willing and anxious to cooperate.

We explain how you may be more

courteous and more law-abiding as you travel through Junior High School with your fellow classmates, teachers and administrators.

It is pointed out clear­

ly how you may have fun as you progress so that each life you touch, as you go from class to class and grade to grade, shall abound with gladness and your school days shall even remain a happy memory.









Gains that result from knowing how to

start the day* 1.


Your family, your

friends, your teachers will all think you are a finer person if you know how to begin the day and make it a success from the start* 2.


Life at school will be much more

simple if you know how to manage yourself from the very beginning of the day* 3.


Others want to be your friend

and know you better if you know how to con­ duct yourself at all times* B* DIRECTIONS:

Helpful suggestions on how to begin

your day successfully, 1.


How to get to school on time*

a. Get up on time. (1) Have your mother help you decide the correct time for you to get up in order to get away for school on time* (2) After you have made the plan for get­ ting up, do not expect your mother or someone else to force you to hold to it*

You are on your own —

remember that. Follow a regular routine for dressing and doing your share of the chores around the house every morning. fl)

You will save time if you will have a regular way of doing regular duties.

(2 ) Others will be able to depend on you if they know that you will get cer­ tain things done before you leave for school. Eat your breakfast each morning. (1)

You are very foolish if you think you can get by as well all morning without any food in your stomach.


You cannot work as well on an empty stomach.


You cannot be as happy and agreeable with empty stomach as you can when you have food to build you up.


Headaches, irritability, and other annoying conditions of the body may arise from going without food in the morning.


Remember that every meal should have at least one hot food so don’t think

that a pickle and a hag of potato chips on the way to school will fulfill the order for a good break­ fast. Leave home in a state of completion not confusion. (1) Check your dressing before a mirror. (2) See that you have your books and other supplies. (3)

Make sure that you have your lunch or the money for it if you buy it at school.

(4) If it is cold or raining, be sure that you have the proper wraps before you leave so that you will not have to take time to come back home for them. Tell your mother and other members of your family that you are leaving when you are ready. (1)

Never leave home without telling your mother goodbye.


The manner in which you leave is as important as the manner in which you arrive.


The impression you make in the morn­ ing is the memory your family will hold of you all day*


Choose a regular route for going to school* (1)

Occasionally someone may want to find you in a hurry as you are in route to school.


Make sure the way you go is,the short­ est and the safest.


Obey all traffic rules at all times.


Walk —

don’t run to school.

g. Walk with-a friend as you go to school* (1)

Watch your conversation and see how much happier you are on the days you do not gossip about your school mates*

(2 )

Talk moderately and do not yell and scream in a boisterous manner on the streets*


Greet others pleasantly as you walk along*


Enter the school groundsaand buildings with a respectful attitude* (1)

This is your home for many hours dur­ ing the day and you should help to make it the best kind of home*


Speak to your teachers and friends in a cheerful way and make everyone feel that you are glad to he alive and at school with them*


When you see someone trying to get through a door with an arm load of books, open the door for them if it is convenient for you to do so.


will increase your popularity to do the courteous things. HOMEROOM:

How to take an active part in your

homeroom. a.

Arrive on time.


Look around the room and see what you can do to help your teacher. (1)

Offer to help with the dusting in the room.


If there are flowers to change or arrange, you could do that.


Sometimes the blackboards need to be cleaned and you could offer to do that for your teacher.


Ask if you may adjust the windows and shades.


See if the pencil sharpened needs to

be emptied and take care of it if it does* (6 )

Ask if thereare errands to be run.


Sit quietly if your teacher

is busy

and never speak in a loud voice while you are in a school room i/hen called to order, come to order. (1)

When the tardy bell rings, that is your signal to stop talking and give your attention to the business before the group.


You will help others by doing what you know is the proper thing at the proper time.


You need not be afraid of being a sissy if you obey the rules of the Homeroom.

You are displaying your

self control and will be admired by your friends for having the courage to discipline yourself. Salute the flag. (13

When you recite the ’’Pledge of Alligence” in your Homeroom, stand at strict attention.


Keep both knees straight, your head

high and your ©yes on the flag* (3)

Pronounce your words distinctly w with a moderate voice hut full of meaning*


Stand at attention until you receive the signal to relax and sit down.

Open your ears* (1)

While the roll is called, give it your attention.

It is very difficult

for others to hear if you are busy with paper, pencils, or other mater­ ials. (2)

During the reading of the daily bul­ letin, your hands should be empty and on your desk; your eyes should be on the reader and you should give full attention to the bulletin.


is the official announcement of all school activities and you will be the loser if you do not hear it read each day. (3)

If there is any thing you do not understand about the bulletin, ask your teacher to explain it to you,

Give your Homeroom officers your support*

(l) Others notice you when you give your class officers your attention and hacking.

It makes them feel that you

would make a good officer and your name will prohahly be one of the nominations in the next election. (2)

Learn how to address the chairman.


Learn how to make a motion


Learn how to vote properly.


If several members of your Homeroom do not know how to act in a meeting, ask your teacher to teach you some­ thing about Parliamentary Law each day.


Tell your Homeroom teacher you will be glad to serve as a monitor any time she needs your help.


Get ready to leave quietly and in good order when the passing bell rings.


How to go from one class to

another. a.

Walk in an orderly way out of the class­ room you are leaving. (1)

Don’t scrape your feet or drag your heels on the floor.


Walk §s if you have some life in you.


Donft rush out

of the room.


Don*t hang the door.


Don*t push anyone.

Keep calm while you are in the hajls dur­ ing passing periods. (1)

Obey the school rules.


Do not run in the halls.


Do not hit anyone in the halls.


Do not call out in a loud voice while you are in the halls.


If you see someone running in the hall, do not try to stop him.

(6 ) If someone hits you while you are in the halls, do not hit hack.


is not being sissy but it is being sensible.

There have been many ser­

ious accidents due to this sort of thing. ;(7)

Do not throw anything in the halls. It is a dangerous habit and it is not impossible to hit someone and injure him seriously.

(8 )

Walk on the right side of the hall.


When you go to your locker, do it quietly and quickly*

(1 0 ) For your own safety and that of others, you should WAIK on the stairs* (11)

Do not drop anything on the stairs or in the halls*


If you see something on the floor of the halls or on the stairs, pick it up for it could cause someone to fall.

Watch yourself around the drinking fountain. (1)

Students have been injured for life because someone thought it would be funnyto push their heads water

down on a

fountainwhile they were drink­

ing. (2)

You are certainly too grown up in junior high school to spit water on others around a drinking fountain*

Hold yourself under control ifyou are tempted to (1)

write onthe walls.

Nothing shows such poor taste and bad manners as writing on the walls around school.


Others may laugh at you at the time, but your school mates do not admire you

for damaging school property. e.

Keep out of other rooms.

Mind your own

business. (1)

You make yourself unpopular with teachers and students when you are constantly out of place.


Do not go into another teacher’s room just to talk to a friend.


Your business is to get to your next class on time.


Go to the rest room. (1)

For your health’s sake, go to the rest room as often as you feel the need for it.


Fractice the Golden Rule:

Leave the

rest room as clean as you would want others to leave it for you. MATERIALS: a.

How to use and treat school books,

Give your attention to your teacher when you are being told how to take care of borrowed school books.


Follow all instructions carefully. (1)

Put your name in your book at once.


Note the condition of the book and record its condition in the space prepared for that purpose.


Get a paper cover for your book right away.


If yours is a new book treat it properly by opening the outside cover carefully before you open a few leaves at a time.


Do not mark assignments in your book but carry an assignment sheet in your book for that purpose*

(6 ) Never write on the margins of your book.


Do not write on the illustrations in your book.

(8 )

If you should wish to trace a map or other picture from the book, ask your teacher for some tracing paper for that purpose.


Do not underline words in your book.

Close your book before yourcarry it from one place to another. Open your book with care and never flip the pages. Turn the pages of your book with a DRY index finder and never wet your fingers in your mouth before turning the pages.


Do not turn the corner of a page down to mark your place.


Put a paper marker in each hook to use when necessary.


Keep your pencil to write with —

it is

not a book-marker. i.

Never turn an open book face-down to keep your place.


Keep your book with you or in your locker all of the time;

do not put it down any­

place. STOBAGE: a.

How to make your locker serve you.

Get your locker combination and memorize it at once.


Work the combination several times so that you will be sure you know it.


Make a copy of the combination and place it in a safe place in your notebook, coin purse or bill fold.


Divide the space in the locker with your schoolmate so that you will know which shelf is yours and which hook is yours.


Arrange your things in the locker so that you will know how many books and wraps your space will accommodate.


Keep your gym uniform in your gym locker and do not fill your hall locker with things which have a place of their own,


Take your accumulated belongings home each week end so that there is always room for the things which belong in your locker#


Keep your damp wraps with you on a rainy day until they have dried;

do not put

them into your locker until they are dry. i.

Do not bring boxes of powder and large bottles of lotion to keep in your locker for there is not room for it.


Bring a small package and not a regular box of kleenex to keep on hand at sehool.


Close your locker door quietly.


Never go to your locker during a class per­ iod; it disturbs others,


Get what you want out of your locker and move on out of the hall so there will be more room for others who are waiting to get into their lockers#


Go to your locker alone and do not take your friends with you.

It causes conges­

tion in the halls and unnecessary talking.

72 6



How to make use of

the library, a.

Get in quietly. (13

Listen to your teacher’s instructions and follow them.


Keep still and do not talk.


Walk on your toes and do not drag your heels.


Sit at the table assigned to you and do not argue about the place.

b. Start your assignment at once; do not waste time. (1)

If you do not know the location of the different sections, make, a dia­ gram of the library so that you will know where to go for a particular kind of book.


Ask your teacher or the librarian for help if you are in doubt about what to do.


Do not bring ink into the library. (13

Write with a pencil and copy your work carefully later.


A fountain pen may be permitted but you should check this.



&• Handle the books with care* (1)

Do not use a pencil or other large object for a book mark for this damages the binding on the books*


Do not mark the books in any way*


Turn the pages carefully and do not wet your fingers while using the books.


Never turn the corners of the pages down in the books.

e. Ask someone the librarian’s name and then call her by her name* f • Never chew gum' in the library. g. Throw your waste paper in the basket on your way out of the library and do not walk around unnecessarily. h. Put your books in the place assigned for them when you have finished reading them; do not leave them on the tables. i. If you are reading papers or magazines, replace them in the proper places and do not leave them for someone else to put away for you. j. Nevernspeak above a whisper in the library, ahd then, only to your teacher or to the librarian.


When you look for something in the large unahridged dictionary, be very careful in its treatment.

It is large and heavy

and you should be extremely careful in turning the pages. 1. See that your chair is pushed under the table when you are ready to leave the library.

Nothing must be out of place

for another class will enter the library the next period after you leave. FLICKER TAPE: a.

How to watch a classroom movie.

Read up on the background for the movie if you have been told the day before that you are to see a certain movie.

b. Sit in the seat assigned to you but if you have a choice, sit to the center of the room. c. Get a pencil and some note book paper ready so that you may make notes from time to time. d. Allow no one to talk to you during the pic* ture for that may cause you to miss one of the most important parts of the film. e. Do not be disturbed if the sound is too loud or too soft;

the operator of the

the projector knows it and will make the necessary adjustments* f*

Write a brief review of the picture for your notebook just as soon as the picture is over.

Do not wait for the next day or

you will forget some important things* 7.


Where to get further

assistance. a.

Boykin, Eleanor:

This Way, Please.


Macmillan Company, New York, 1944. b.

Daly, Maureen:

Smarter and Smoother. Dodd,

Mead and Company, New York, 1945. c.

Sprackling, Helen: Modern Manners.

Courtesy, A Book of

M. Barrows and Company,

Inc., New York, 1944. d*

Stratton, Dorothy C.: Forward.

Your Best Foot

Whittlesey House, New York,

1940. e.

Wilson, Margery:

The New Etiquette.

Frederick A. Stokes Company, New York, 1937. ACTIVITY ASSIGNMENTS:

Projects to perfect your

ability to get along better in all your school activities. 1*


Make a chart or plan showing your

activities of a morning in school.




Check your hall conduct and make a

note of all the improvements you wish to make*

Have some friend check you for one

week and the next week you check him* D.


Samples of ways in which your techniques

for good morning conduct may he checked* 1*


Place X in the correct space for

true or false, T F a. ( ) ( ) One of the most important things about getting to school on time is getting up on time* b*

( 5(

) You should always sit down in Homeroom and be very quiet, never asking to help with things in the room*


( )(

) Passing period is not a time to relax and visit in the halls.


( )(

) A pencil is a good thing to use to mark the place in a book*


( )(

) Never read about a classroom movie before you see it for this might spoil the picture for your enjoyment,



Place the number of the best

answer in the parentheses.


( )

It is better to: every morning.

(1) Sat breakfast (2)

Sat breakfast

when there is time for it.

{3) Eat

sometimes when you feel like it. (4)

Eat breakfast when you are hun­

gry. b.

( )

You should always:

(1) Leave without

taking the time to tell anyone you are going.

(2) Take the same route

to school each day.

(3) Hurry across

the street without looking both ways. (4) c.

( )

Run to school when you are late.

During roll call it is a good time to:

(1} Get your homework done.

(2 )

Visit with your friends since

there is nothing to listen to.


Give your attention to what is going on.


Write notes to your class­

mates because talking bothers others. RATING SCALE:

Place X in each space for which

you qualify. a.

( ) I never speak above a whisper in the library.


( } I always handle books with care,


( } I keep my locker neat and orderly.



( ) I never bother others who are drink­ ing at one of the fountains.


( ) I offer my help and services in Homeroom.


( 5

I get up at a regular time each day which allows me time to get to school on time.


( ) I eat a good hot breakfast each morn­ ing.


) Total.







Advantages to be gained if you can

plan a better noon Hour. 1#

HEALTH: You will feel better and get more fun out of your day if you know bow to select a balanced diet at noon.



You will live in more freedom if you

know to avoid accidents during the noon hour* 3*


You will have more real fun if you know

how- to play the games at noon. 4.


You will find that some rest dur­

ing the noon hour will relieve all tenseness during the rest of the day. B.


Some suggestions on how to get more

enjoyment and healthful fun out of your noon hour* 1.


How to select your food.

Follow principles of wholesome food selec­ tion. (1} You should have at least one hot food. (2 ) You should include the protective foods. (a)

Milk and its products.








Wheat bread and meat should be added unless you are sure you will have these foods at home for your dinner*

b* Sat the plate lunch prepared by your school cafeteria for it is planned to give you the proper combinations of foods. c. Choose fruit or ice cream for your desert and do not eat so much candy* d. Bring a good box lungh from home. (1) Hot food----- soup, stew, or hot chocolate (2) Main d i s h --- sandwiches {3) Juicy food

canned fruit or

fresh fruit (4) Dessert e. Plan the sandwich filling to supply the proper balance to your lunch. CONDUCT: a.

How to eat your lunch at school.

Wash your hands well before you eat any­ thing.

b. Take the lunch you bring from home to the assigned area for eating. (1)

Make yourself comfortable before you start eating.


Try to eat with a friend you like

especially well* (3)

Sat the main part of your lunch first.


Save your dessert until the last.


Sat slowly and enjoy visiting with your friend as you eat.

(6 )

Take time to get a drink of water when you have finished eating your lunch.

Walk to the school cafeteria. {1)

Arrange to meet a friend each day when you eat.


Visit with a moderate voice.


Talk about pleasant things before


and during your meal. (4)

Wait in a manner becomming to you and remember that others are watch­ ing and judging you as you stand in line in the cafeteria.

Choose your food. (1)

Your food has been prepared with care —


handle it just that way.

Don’t get careless and spill any­ thing on your tray as you are being served.


If there is something being served which you do not care for, just keep


still and do not make remarks about it to others. (4)

Make up your mind before you ask for something.


Do not ask those who are serving you if certain dishes are good or tasty. Make up your own mind.

(6 ) Speak to those who are serving you with respect and with all courtesy. e.

Get seated. (1)

Find the table which suits you with the least amount of bother and delay.

(2 ) Put your tray down on the table be­ fore you try to sit down. (3)

Pull your chair out without scraping it on the floor,


Sit down - don*t fall down into your chair.


Sit comfortably and solidly before your food and then start to eat.



Eat with good manners. (1)

Arrange your food so athat it is convenient to eat.


If you have soup, do not slurrrrrp it.


Keep your face well above your food


and lift your spoon to your face, (4)

Do not talk with food in your mouth*


Do not sneeze or cough without covering your mouth and nose.

(6 ) Do not rest your wtight on the table while eating* (7)

Keep your elbows off the table.

(8 ) Leave all four legs of your chair on the floor while eating. (9)

Do not take your chewing gum into the dining room.


Take moderate sized bites of food.


Chew your food with your lips closed.

(1 2 ) Never cool your hot food by blowing it. (13)

Never leave your spoon in your cup, glass or dish.


Leave the table properly. (1)

Get up from the table as quietly as you can.


Place your dishes neatly on your tray.


Tuck your paper napkin or sandwich ♦

wrapper under a dish so it will not fall off of your tray. (4)

Take your tray to the assigned place


(5) . Leave the dining room quietly. (6 ) Criticize your own manners but do not censor others* 3. SAFETY FIRST:

How to avoid accidents during

the noon hour. a.

Walk, don't run. (1)

Many accidents happen around schools because boys and girls feel the necessity of running to get to^some game of some class room.

Take an extra

minute of your time to walk — : not run —

and you may save someone else

many days of suffering. (2 ) You should never run and skip stairs. Place a foot well on each stair step. (3)

Never open a door while you are run­ ning.

You might hit someone with

the door and injure them badly.


halls are usually full of students during passing periods and you should think of this before you open a door into the hall. b.

Stand on something solid if you must climb. (1) Do not stand on a teetery chair. (2) Do not step on a swivel chair if you


must reach some high object, (3)

Do not stand on a chair or table set in casters,


Always take that extra caution which will protect you from accidents.


Never leave articles on the floor or stairway, (1)

Drop all fruit peel and bits of food into containers for that purpose. Never throw fruit skins on the floor, the stairs or the school grounds. Someone might slip on these things and be seriously hurt if you are careless enough to drop them where others may walk.


Do not place skates, balls oroother playground equipment on the floor. You may want to be relieved of them for just a minute but in that minute someone might fall over them and suf­ fer very seriously,

d. Seport to the office if you notice some light not burning in the halls. e. Take particular caution on a rainy day and do not try to hurry across the grounds.


The yard and stairs are slick when it rains*


It is not as easy to see others when it is raining*


Others may be hurrying to get inside and you could avoid an accident if you walk carefully*


Ride a bike properly and safely* (1)

You know that you should not ride on the handle bars of a bike*


you do, a sudden stop might throw you to the ground and result in your serious injury* (2)

One person to each bike is the safe way*


Do not ride a bike across the school grounds*


When you are riding on anything, even an elevator, do not hold anything in your mouth* (1)

A sudden stop or jar might push the object into your palate.


You might injure your teeth this way.

RELAXATION: How to rest during your lunch period. a.

Go to the library.


Find a good friend and sit quietly for a visit.


Watch, the noon games which are being played.


Take time to go to the rest room.


How to enjoy the noon games*

Play games with your Homeroom team. (1)

Be willing to try any gams the group wishes to play, even if it is not your favorite game.


Get to the field on time and do not expect others to wait for you*


Play in the position to which you are assigned in any game.

Your abili­

ties will be recognized and you will be advanced accordingly.



Play fair.


Follow the rules.

Enter into whatever fun is at hand as long as it is in no way contrary to your standards of good fun.


Vfetch the games in progress if you are not taking an active part in them yourself. (1)

Do not interfere with other games.


Do not tease other players.


Show your appreciation of real skill.


Heturn all equipment at the proper time. (1)

"When the warning hell rings, that is the time to stop playing.


Check all materials and make sure it is in good condition before you return it to the gym.


How to eliminate tardiness after the

noon period. a*

Stop playing when you are supposed to.


Leave the library in time to go to the rest room before the passing bell rings.


Don*t start to play with others at the time you should be going to your class.


Walk quickly but do not run.


Where to get fur­

ther information. a.

Allen, Betty:

Behave Yourself.

J. B.

Lippincott Company, Philadelphia, 1937. b.

Betz, Betty:

Your Manners are Showing.

Grosset and Dunlap, New York, 1946. e.

Hopkins, Mary Alden: Courtesy.


Profits from

Doubleday, Doran and Company.

Ryan, Mrs. Mildred G.:

Cues for You.


D. Appleton-Century Company, Inc., New York, 1940. e.

Wright, Mrs. J. M.:

Practical Life.


G-arretson and Company, Philadelphia, 1881. C.

ACTIVITY ASSIGNMENTS: Work to. do to help you plan a more profitable noon hour. 1.


Name .specific ways in which your

conduct at school is different from your con­ duct at home. 2.


Explain why there is a difference.

Write some rules of conduct for a Junior

High School student at a ball game;

on a bus;

at a school picnic; at an assembly. D.


Samples of some types of check-ups

which may be used to evaluate your ability to plan a better noon hour. 1.

TRUE-FALSE: Place X in the correct space for true or false. T F a. ( ) ( )The best kind of lunch is one up of ice cream, milk and cookies. b.

( ) ( ) It is a good idea to eat lunch with a good friend each day.


( ) ( ) It is a good thing to help out


of your friends and ride him home on the handle bars of your bike. d.

( ) ( ) It is not good to watch games in

which, you do not take an active part. e.


One should eat as fast as possi­ ble so there is more time


play. BEST ANSWER: Place the number of the best a'nswer in the parentheses. a.

( ) One should always: (1)

Hurry to the

lunch line so the food will not all be gone.


Wash well before

going to lunch.


Eat a sand­

wich while walking around the grounds. (4)

Eat nothing but fruit at lunch

time. b.

( )

It is best:

(1) Not to be too fussy

about where to eat in the cafeteria. (2) To ask those who serve you if certain dishes are good on a particu­ lar day.


To sit down first and

then put the tray down and arrange the food.


Ask for food in the cafe­

teria line and then change the order. c.

( ) You should never: you are running.

Open a door while (2)

Bother to place

your dishes neatly on the tray.


Report a burned-out light to the



Ride away on your bike

without offering a friend a ride. RATING SCALE:

Place X in the space for the

things you do to improve your noon hour. a.


Never take gum into the dining room.



Take every caution to prevent accidents.



Never hurry when it is raining.



Go to the library for relaxation dur­ ing noon hour.



Watch games in progress with interest and fun.








Advantages to be gained if you learn

how to end the school day properly* 1. ECONOMY OF YOUR TIME:

You can prepare to

leave school in much less time if you will do the things suggested in this chapter. 2. SPIRIT OF COOPERATION:

You will plan your

activities more wisely and with more enthusiasm if you following the suggestions outlined here* 3.



classmates and teachers will see that you know how to conduct yourself well if you do the things which are outlined in this chapter. B. DIRECTIONS:

Some suggestions which will help you

leave the school grounds more quickly and more orderly than you have done before. 1. YOU AND YOUR MATERIAL:

How to prepare mater­

ials at the close of your last class, a.

Collect yourself. (1)

See that you have all of your personal belongings together.


Check your pen, pencil and books and make sure that you have them in your possession before you leave the room. After the class is dismissed, it is

too late to report a missing pen, pencil or book.

Tou should then

go to thee.Lost and Found to make your report. (3)

Colled: other materials.

Be sure you

have your notebook and all important assignments and papers well under control before you leave the last class room. Help your teacher. (1)

Suggest that you have evening monitors assigned or elected.


See that you do your monitor work on time.

Do not wait for the teacher

to tell you that it is time to do your regular work in the room. Offer to do another’s monitor work if he is absent. Look about you and pick up any waste paper or other materials which should be put into the waste paper basket. Ask permission to clean the blackboards if your class has used them and they are in need of cleaning. Come to order.



V/hen the last dismissal "bell rings, see that you do not make a dash for the door,


Stay in your seat until the proper signal has been given in your elass that you are dismissed,


Your teacher will dismiss you more quickly if you are in good order.


Leave the room quietly. (1)

Do not drag your feet across the floor - pick them up and walk.

(2 )

Speak to your teacher in a respect­ ful manner if she should be near the door as you leave.

You will have more

respect for yourself if you learn to speak with respect at each opportuni­ ty. 2.


How to get to your locker and

save time. a.

Take your materials to the locker. (1)

Know why you go to your locker.


just go there to spend unnecessary time in the halls or to visit with your friends.

The visiting should be

done on the grounds where you will

see more friends and where you may talk with more freedom. (S)

Be sure that you wish to leave mater­ ials in your locker before you put them there,


Take materials out of your locker. (1)

Take a quick look over the things in your locker and get the ones you need to take home.


Get what you need quickly and leave your locker neat and tidy for the next day.


Close your locker carefully and see that it is locked.


How to keep moving,

Go where you belong. (1)

If you have business in the school building, go to the assigned place for that business.

(2 )

Sometimes meetings are called for an after school meeting and if you are a member of such a meeting, you should get there at once and not keep the others waiting.


You may need to drop by the library to

return a book or to take one out for home use and you should get there at once to get these things taken care of before the library closes. b.

Keep moving.

Do not stand in the halls

and talk. c.

Walk —

do not run.


How to continue the dayfs good

behavior. a.

Speak to teachers. (1)

When you pass any of the teachers in the halls or on the grounds, speak to them and tell them good night.


"Hello” and Good night" are better than nothing, but you should try to think of something more to say to the teachers.

Comment on some school

activity, your homework, the weather, anything.

This is a good opportunity

to develop a skill for making good conversation. b.

Open doors for others. (1)

When you are near a door and one of the teachers is going through the door, it is a nice thing to open it for her.


If another student has an arm full of hooks or other materials, it is thoughtful for you to open the door for him even if you have to take an extra step out of your way to do it.


Assist others who have many things to carry home. (1)

If you see a teacher trying to get out of the grounds with a load of mater­ ials, offer to help the teacher as far as you can.


When another student is trying to get on his way with an arm full of books and other things, it would be nice of you to offer your assistance as much as you can to help him.


How to walk home in good order.

Leave the school grounds through the*„exit assigned to you. (1)

If you ride your bike to school, do not ride it across the school grounds.


If your home is closer to some other exit, get permission to change the exit assigned to you.


Obey all traffic rules for safety. (l)

Walk on the sidewalks.


Cross the street in the cross walk area only.


Look both ways before you step into the street.


Do not ride double on a bike.


If you are in the right and the other person is in the wrong, give him the right of Way before the accident.


Go into your home with a cheerful attitude and follow all of the suggestions given in Part I.


Where to get further

assistance. a.

Badt, Ernestine Louise:

Everyday Good

Manners for Boys and Girls.


Brothers, Hew York, 1931. b.

Gardner, Horace John:

Courtesy Book.

J. B. Lippincott Company, Philadelphia, 1937 c.

McNaught, Mrs. M. S.:

Training in Courtesy.

Government Printing Office, Washington, D, C 1918. d.

Sprackling, Arthur M . : Behave.

Learning How to

The Macmillan Company, 1946.



Van Arsdale, May Belle: Then*

Manners Now and

Harcourt, Brace and Company,

New York, 1940* C.


Projects for learning to

get away from school in the proper way. 1*


Write a code of conduct for your final

dismissal at school in which you bring out all of the necessary rules for going to your locker, leaving the halls, leaving the grounds and arriving home safely. 2.


Write a list of "dont’s" for

your conduct at school* 3.


Give examples of good conduct you

have seen in the past week at school;


examples of bad conduct you have seen at school in the past week. 4.


What suggestions can you give to

improve undesirable school conduct in the future? D.


Samples of evaluation techniques that

may be used in connection with your conduct in leav­ ing school at night. 1.


Place X in the correct space for

true or false. a.

( ) ( )

I should wait until after the dissal bell has rung to get my things



{ ) ( ) I should take care of my own self and not bother with the things that need to be done in the room.


( ) ( ) I should ieavprthe room quietly when the bell rings.


( ) ( ) I should always go to my looker whether I have a reason for going there or not.


( ) ( ) I should be friendly and visit o others around my locker.


( ) ( ) I should walk and never run as I leave the grounds.


( ) ( } It is best to hurry home and not take time to look about cars when I cross the street in a cross walk.



Place the number of the best

answer in the parentheses. a.

( ) { } The best way to get home on a bike is to: (2)


Ride double.

Take a friend on the handle

bars. fully.

(3) (4)

Ride alone and care­ On the sidewalks

part of the way. b.

( ) ( ) When you are near a door, it is

a nice thing to;


Get through

the door as quickly as possible without looking to see if there is someone else who wants to go through the same door*

(2 )

Look around and

see if there is another person who wants to go through the same door so that you may open it for him, Run through the door.



Slam the

door* c*

( }

When you go to your locker it is well to;

(1 ) Know why you are there.

(2 )

Put things in and out of your locker to kill time,


there and do it.

Know why you are (4)

Give your

locker one last stir before you leave for the evening* 3*


Place X in the space for which

you qualify* a*

( ) I have my things in good order for dismissal each day*


( ) When it seems neeessary, I offer to help my teacher get things in order for the closing of school,


( ) I leave the room quietly.


( 5 I

remember to take my books home for


the next day’s homework* X speak to teachers I meet in the


halls or on the grounds* I am courteous and careful about


going through doors* I take the shortest and safest way


home* h.

I obey all traffic regulations*


I finish my school day by going into my home quietly and cheerfully* }





HOW TO CONDUCT YOURSELF AT SOCIAL FUNCTIONS The etiquette or good behavior referred to in this section is not a set of rules picked out of a book, but a part of the everyday experiences of boys and girls in Junior High School.

We have

included only those suggestions which more fully fill the needs of your age group and with a thought for fun in good measure, we have outlined the steps to take when you entertain at home or at school; indoors or out in the open.

Read the sug­

gestions made in the following pages and you will be able to give any party you want to give with more assurance that you are doing WHAT you should do, the way you should do it*









Gains you will make if you know how

to walk into society properly* 1. SUCCESSFUL ENTERTAINING:

The crowd will like

to come to your house if you know how to do things properly. 2. WONDERFUL TIME: You will enjoy being a part of many school activities if you know how to plan social events* 3.


You will always be in

demand if you learn how to plan and manage social affairs. B.


Suggestions which will help you attain

the graces necessary for success in your social life. 1.


How to plan and give a party at home.

Fix the date. (1)

Be sure the date does not conflict with anything the family has planned.


Avoid conflicting dates with the affairs of your best friends.


If you see that you have set the date at the same time one of your friends has something going on, you should get

together and decide on the postpone­ ment of one of the affairs.


mutual friends ^ust can’t be both places at once. Give it atmosphere. (1)

Name your party something special.


Decorate your home and table with the same special touch.


Give your refreshments, games and invitations the same theme.


This may be inexpensive and lots of fun so make the theme clever.


holiday lends ideas of cleverness but you may be more original and give a wgag" party which will givethe whole affair a sense of originality. Make out your guest list. (1)

Decide, first, how many guests you will be able to have in your home.


Write out the names of the ones you feel you must invite.


Invite an equal number of boys and girls so that they may all have partners for the games etc.


If you do not wish to be responsible

for the partners it is perfectly cor­ rect for you to invite all of the boys or all of the girls and then let them be responsible for the chosen partner. However, it will probably be a more congenial group if you invite all of the guests. (5)

If you know that one of your friends is ill or out of town, send an invi­ tation anyway.

It is the courteous

thing to do. (6 )

Don’t limit your guest list to the very popular group but invite the kids you feel will have a good time together.


If you know some of the kids are going steady, it is the proper thingvto invite them both or let them alone.

(8 )

Don’t try to appear popular by invit­ ing more boys than girls HP YOU ARE

A GIRL; or by asking more girls than boys IE YOU ARE A BOY. Send your invitations. (1 ) Mail your invitation. (2 ) Phone your invitation. (3)

Speak your invitation.



Any of tiie above are acceptable forms for inviting guests to a party but if you mail your invita­ tion there will be no mistake about the date, the time or the kind of party.


You may make your own invitations at very little cost and with much more originality than when you buy the printed forms to fill out.

(6 )

Include R.S.Y.P. (it means "please reply") on your invitation if you wish a reply so that you will know how many are coming.


Plan your refreshments. (1)

Get some idea how much you will have to spend for your party and then decide how elaborate your food may be.


If you have boys in the party, they will enjoy something more solid in the way of food.


If only girls are in on the party, they go for the dainty things.


You do not have to have fancy food but you can serve it attractively.


takes thought and planning, so get


busy early# (5)

Remember, it is far better to serve simple food and have plenty of it than to serve expensive food and have too little for generous servings.

Keep your decorations well within your budget. (1)

It is fun to think up your own decora­ tions and it is a good way to get the family interested in your party.


call a meeting of the whole family and get their ideas and assistance. (2)

Flowers always make any room look like a party so have some if it is at all possible.


Paper in many ways makes it possible for decorations to be full of beauty and yet well within the reach of the slimmest purse.


An abundance of narrow crepe paper ribbons have a way of making your table look festive and inviting so get busy with the scissors and dress up for the party.


Be sure that you do nothing in your

1 10

enthusiasm for cedorating to the Nth degree to harm your house in any way* Should you-be so foolish, you are probably giving your last party* (6 3

Never use any decoration which com­ pletely displeases your mother*


slight dislike will not harm your chances for a repeat on the party, but do not take the chance of causing her to feel unhappy about any part of of your party, g.

Send them home* (1)

If you keep the leaving time well in mind, you will be able to manage the affairs so that refreshments are over in plenty of time for the guests to leave when the invitation stated they

’ i should be leaving for home* (2)

Don*t let the party drag on pntil your parents feel they will not be able to let you have another one until you are too old to enjoy it*


Usher the kids out who do not have enough manners to know it is time to go home sy saying:


am sorry, but

my party is to be over by midnight and I will have to tell you goodnight. (4)

After the guests are all gone, get the house in some sort of order be­ fore you go to bed.

Your mother

will not want to get up to the gen­ eral disorder of a "party just over?' house and you will remain in the favor of the family if you remove the severe traces of the grand party. HOSPITALITY: a.

How to be a good host or hostess.

Make people feel at home. (1) Your guests do not know your home and you should make them feel comfortable and relaxed when they first get inside the door. (2)

Hide your fright - if you have any or your guests will feel as you do.


Shine your house and make it sparkle. (1)

Use plenty of soap and muscle to make everything clean and sparkling.

(2 } Arrange all of the furniture before the guests arrive and be sure you keep sociable grouping in mind.


have chairs for no less than three

people arranged together.



Have the porch light on if your party is in the evening and do not expect your guests to feel their way to your door.


Have a handy place for the wraps and see that there are plenty of hangers ready before the guests arrive.


There should be guest towels, soap and any other conveniences

you have

on hand out for the gueststo use. Make your guestsfeel at ease. (l)

Turn onthe radio or have some


phonograph records handy so there will be no long moments of silence to freeze the party.

Be sure the music is always

played at a moderate tone so that it will furnish background for conversa­ tions. (S)

Have small dishes of nuts or candy around for the guests to nibble on before the refreshments are served.

Work out a plan with your family for the evening.



Make sure that the younger members of the family NOR the parents are going to be present all of the time your party is in progress.

They are

just as well off in another part of the house and if you use the right kind of tact, you will be able to show them that you should have a whiff of your independence at this time.


patient and they will get used to the idea that you are growing up# (£)

Keep your mother handy and in calling distance for something might go wrong and you do not want to get caught out on a limb#


Have the family pets kept out of the way of the party.

They are a bother

and some people do not like pets. This is not the right time to force your friends to like them, e#

Dress your very best# (1)

It is well to decide what you will wear well in advance so that it may be cleaned and pressed if it needs to be.


(2 ) Wear some simple dress

and do not try

to appear flashy.It will make some of your friends feel they are not dressed well if you are too dressed up. (3) ' Dress up if you are a hoy.

Do not

feel that you may wear just any old thing.

This is a party.

Dress for

it. (4) Look to your nails and do not allow your guests to see you with hands which look undone. (5)

Give those shoes an extra glance. They may he your Sunday hest but still they do need attention sometimes.


Greet your guests with poise and friendliness. (1)

Be at the door to say hello to your guests as they arrive.

(2 )

Give each guest a nice smile, perhaps a good hand-shake and make them feel welcome that they will not he afraid to come inside your home.


If you are in the middle of a conver­ sation when the doorbell rings, excuse yourself and go at once to greet the

new arrival*

You are the person who

should be at the door when it opens* (4)

If one of your guests is a stranger to some of the others, you should make him feel at home by taking him around to each of the guests and introducing him yourself.

See to it that he is

never left alone and out of the con­ versation. Kieep things going with planned entertainment. (1)

Start off with a simple game which is lots of fun to play and this will break the ice and put everyone at ease*


Ease into the.

more lively games and

be sure that everyone mexes. (3)

Don’t let the boys get into one corner and the girls into another*

One way

to break this sort of thing up is to start a good game which will call all of the group together.

Dancing is

another way to get all of the guests busy and interested. Serve the food buffet style to keep things informal and fun* Take your guests to get their wraps when


it is time to go home* (1)

Make them feel it was fun having them and that you would like to have them come hack some time.


Let each one know that he is welcome to return to your home and at any time.


Thank the departing guests for the compliments you are hound to receive for the grand party you have just given.


A MNCE: a.

How to plan and give a dance at school.

Select a chairman for the dance committee. (1)

It is a hig responsibility to he the chairman on such a committee and the choice should he a wise one'.

(2 )

A good chairman does not try to do everything alone but usually gets others to do the work, willingly and enthusiastically.


In selecting the committee, the chairman should keep an eye out for those who are good workers.


The members of the committee should he hoys and girls who know how to have a good time.


(5) Five or six members' should be suf­ ficient and it is much easier to arrange for committee meetings if the group is not too large* (6 ) The chairman should be willing to seek advice and never feel that all the answers should come from the head of the committee* b*

Send the invitations out well in advance* (1) Usually, the committee as a whole makes up the list of guests who are to be invited* (2) If no special guests are coming and you plan to have an informal dance, the invitations could be made by an announcement, on the bulletin boards and in the school paper. (3) The committee members who can best handle the details of this should be put in charge.


Select the members who is to be in.charge of the refreshments well ahead of the dance,


Make arrangements for the school gymnasium


Appointment of committee member to be in charge of decorations.


These need not be elaborate or expensive,


If you select some theme, it is much more interesting, and so much more simple to make the hall attractive,


You can use crepe paper cut into half inch ribbons to get a very festive appearance,


It is effective to carefully choose contrasting colors which are little used and use them unsparingly.

Engage an orchestra, (1)

If there is a school orchestra you can ask to play, that is much more simple than getting one away from school,


If you make arrangements to get an outside orchestra, be careful-to see that the date, the price, the time and the place are understood by both the orchestra leader and the committee,


If you are having a square dance, there are some very fine records you could get and save quite a little money.



Invite the chaperons. (1)

The chaperons may he invited in writ­ ing or hy personal contact.


It is a nice thing for the chairman to add a personal note to the invita­ tion extended to the chaperons hy the committee.


The chaperons must he given a very cordial welcome and the committee should see that the hoys and the girls at the dance go to them sometime during the evening to extend this courtesy.


If you have programs for your dance, you should be sure to fill out cards for the chaperons.

If the chaperons

wish to dance, that is fine but if they say they do not care to dance, the hoy or girl who has the dance with them should sit with them and carry on a conversation.

(This might prove to

he interesting — (5)

try it.)

Make it clear to the hoys and girls that it is unforgivable for them to FORGET a dance with a chaperon and is


a reflection on your group as a whole.

(Remember, without chaperons

you could not have the dance at all.) h.

Arrange for the Receiving Line. (1)

Most school dances, receptions, par­ ties, entertainments, which are in the least way formal in character, have a reception committee*


committee is usually made up on school executives, honor guests, and the important members of the student group. (2)

This committee forms a line near the door to extend an official welcome to the guests as they enter.


The principal is asked to stand first in line with the member of the faculty who is sponsoring your dance standing next to him.

The Chairman of the

Committee should stand next in line and if your dance is the least bit formal the other members of theecom­ mittee stand in line also.

It is not

suitable to have a long line for an informal affair.

If you have a guest

of honor, he stands next to the prin­ cipal in the line.

(The reason for


this is tliat the principal knows most of tlie people who will come in and he is able to introduce them to the guest of honor*) (4)

Sometimes, when you can afford it, send flowers to the chaperons and those who stand in the receiving line*

Corsages to the ladies and

boutonnieres to the men.

(It is a

thoughtful thing to ask the ladies the color of dress they intend to wear and select a harmonious color for the corsage.)

Be sure to have

a girl who is thoughtful, has good taste and a great deal of imagina­ tion to be in charge of this most important responsibility.} (5)

Every boy and girl who attends the dance is expected to "go down the line*”

A little tact on the part of

the committee members will encourage the less forward members to go over and say "good evening" to the hosts.

It is not necessary to visit with the persons in the line.

Just shake

hands and say "How do you do."


sure to introduce yourself if there is someone in the line w£o does not know your name.

. I

(6 ) If a couple goes to the line, the girl walks ahead of the hoy.


it is necessary to make introductions, . she should use her full name. ("I am Mary Jones."

Then she turns to her

escort and introduces him. introduce Tommy Brown?)

(May I

It is all

very simple and no one should feel afraid to do this very proper little act. Balance' the budget. (1)

The chairman should be able to make a full and complete accounting of every cent the committee has had to spend.

(2 ) Keep very careful records of the dues or fees for the dance and save yourself any kine of criticism.


Where to get further

assistance a.


Abell, Marietta:

The Biant Banquet Book.

Northwest press,

Minneapolis, 1947.

Abraham, R. M . : Winter Night*s Entertainments, E, B. Dutton and Company, Inc., New York, 1933


Bancroft, J. H.:

Games for Playground. Home

School and Gymnasium.

The Macmillan Company,

New York, 1918. d.

Breen, Mary:

The Party Book.

Grosset and

Dunlap, Inc., New York, 1947. e.



Betty Betz Party Book.


and Dunlap, Inc., New York, 1947 f.

Fedder, 'Ruth:

Guiding Homeroom and Club

Activities. McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York, 1949. g.

Foster, Robert F.:

Foster*s Complete Hoyle

and Encyclopedia of Games.

J. B. Lippincott

Philadelphia, 1946. h.

Fox and Merrill:

Folk Dancing in High School

and College, A. S. Barnes and Company, New .’ York, 1945. i.



Martin, J. J.: The Dance

Tudor Publishing

Company, New York, 1947. j.

Mason, Bernard S. and Mitchell, Elmer D. : Party Games for All.

Barnes and Noble., Inc.



Meyer, Jerome S (Editor),:

The Big Fun Book*

Greenburg, Publishers, Inc., New York, 1940* 1.

Radir, Ruth:

Modern Dance for the Youth of .America.

A. S. Barnes and Company, New York, 1944. m. 'Thompson, Helen:

"Large School Parties Can Be Fun”

California Journal of Secondary Education, 21:119121, February, 1946. ii. Woodward, Elizabeth S.:

Let*s Have a Party.


Y. Crowell Company, New York, 1947. o.

Young, William, and Gardener, Horace: Party Book.

The Year 1Round

J* B. Lippincott Company, Philadelphia,

1941. C.


Things to do to help you plan

a social program for yourself or your class. 1.


Make a choice of the two functions you

will be more interested in before the school term



Tell why this cho ce interests you.


Outline the procedure you should follow

to carry out a party or social function which you might plan for next month.

Follow the sug­

gestions given in this chapter to guide you. 3.


Look over some other materials or

guides and compare them with this outline on party preparation.

Make a list of the good and bad

points in each and tell why you feel one is better or more workable than the other. MUTUAL OPINIONS:

Compare your findings and

decisions with those of another member of the class and be able to defend your decisions before the class as a whole. HSFHESBlfEKfTS: Write out the menu you would like to serve at a dinner party in your home.


up the recipes and list them.with your report. BUDGET-WISE:

Plan the most attractive refreshments

you can at the least amount of expense for a Birthday party. PLAYTIME:

Make a list of the games you like and

would be most appropriate for a class party and write out the rules.






Rewards that come from having some

of your fun outdoors# 1*. PHYSICAL AND MENTAL STIMULATION: A

Fresh air

and. sunshine give zest to living by hastening the bodily processes*



Outdoor sports give

the opportunity of informality, which is sel­ dom possible in school* 3* SPORTSMANSHIP:

We can all develop better sports^

'mahship by being a part of a team or a group* 4. COMPANIONSHIP:

Outdoor activities

tend to make

companionship enjoyable because of group parti­ cipation* B*


Suggestions that will help you to en.joy

the outdoors, 1.


How.to get the most out of

a picnic. a.

Bring your share of the lunch, and help get it ready at home* (1 ) Make sandwiches which your .mother sug- : gests.


(2 ) Wrap your food securely, Do your share during the picnic (1)

Help with the table.

(2) Participate in the games or suggested activities. (3) Glean up after yourself and your friends too if necessary. c.

Bring special guests, if permitted, and be sure to see that they have a good time. (1) Introduce them to your teacher or sponsor. (2) Participate in the activities with your guests until they seem to get acquainted.


Be careful of poison oak, and snakes.


Do not pollute streams or large containers of drinking water.


How to take part in a camping trip.

Cooperate fully with the adults in charge. (1) Bring written permission from your parents promptly. (2) Do not keep money or valuables in your possession, but place them in the safe keeping of the charge person. (3)' Observe all the regulations regarding activities, faithfully.


these are for your own protection. b.

Be an active member of a work group.


Choose the work group, whose work you like doing best.


(1) Wood cutting. (2) Dish washing. (3) Bed making. (4) Carrying water. (5) Assisting with food preparations. (6 ) Cleaning up the camp site. d.

Do not indulge in practical pranks. These can often be dangerous,


Be familiar with the first aid facilities.


Enter into the spirit of the evening camp­ fire programs.


Do not disturb the animal and plant life, except when under supervision for nature study.



How to enjoy outdoor games.

Play marbles if this is a pastime that you enjoy. (1) Be careful about ownership of the vari­ ous marbles. (2 ) Take your turn like a good sport. (3) Try to be a good loser.


can’t win all the time. b.

Be a member of a horse shoe playing group. (1) Throw your horse shoes as skillfully as possible, because being with one


can be very painful. (2) Being a good horse shoe player requires good judgement of distance and much practice.

You can well be proud of

developing this skill. c.

Fliy croquet if there are facilities availto you. (1) Give good care to the equipment, so that it can be attractive and useful for a long time. (2 ) Practice your shots with care and you find that this game will be a source of satisfaction to you.


Join a badminton group. (1) Be sure that you can afford badminton racket and also tennis shoes. (2) You may be able to obtain shuttle*

cocks and badminton nets at school. (3) Set a goal of being in a league or tournament. (4) Go to practice sessions frequently to increase your ability. (5) Always be sure that nets and equip­ ment is put away in a safe place when you have finished with it.

Play tennis with a close friend until you feel confident that you are competi­ tion for others. (1) Be sure that your health permits this strenuous game. (2 ) Rackets are usually owned by the players. (3) Nets are available in many parks, re­ creation centers, and also at school. (4 ) Tour school may have rackets, which can be checked out. (5) Ask whether or not the school provides balls.

The players are often expected

to furnish these, since they are so easily lost. (6 ) Give the best possible care to the equipment, whether it is your own or not. (7) Learn the rules well so that you will have a good understanding of the game. Attend matches whenever you are able, both those at school as well as pro­ fessional, if you are ever offered the opportunity. (9) Pattern your playing after that of the top players that you admire.


How to play at the beach.

Provide your teacher with a written approval from your parents. (1)

It may be that your parents could go along and help with furnishing the transportation.

(2) Ask what you may bring as your part in providing the lunch. b.

Behave according to the directions of your teacher or sponsor. (1) Be sure to dress and undress in the place designated for this purpose. (2) Never wander away by yourself.


can cause much avoidable worry and anxiety. (3) Participate wholeheartedly in the games and beach entertainment which is suggested or provided. (4) Stay with your group when in swimming. (5 ) Bo not try to show off if you consider yourself a good swimmer and swim out too far.

Remember there are ocean

currents which can make you helpless. (6 ) Do not go in swimming immediately after eating your lunch..


(Si Assist in the cleaning up of the beach before leaving. .2



(9) Never.‘call for\ help when in swimming for fun.

This should always be very



Where to get further

assistance. a.

Arneson, O.W.: How to plan Educational Tours. Minnesota Journal of Education, November, I947-


American Association For Health, P.E., and Recreation.

A.S. Barnes and Co., New York,

1949. c.

Blanchard, V.S., and Collins, L.B.: A Modern Physical Education Program._ A .S . Barnes and Co., New Yrok, 1940.


Browne, Mary K.;

Design for Tennis. A.S.

Barnes and Co., New York, 1949. e.

Burke, Lillian A.C. : Swimmer.

Advanced High .School

Journal of Health and .Physical

Education, Nov. 194&. f.. Cooke, Sarah H.: to Play It.

Winning Tennis and How, .

Doubleday and Co., Inc., New

York, 1946. g.

Jackson, Carl H.:

Badminton Tips. Sporting

Tips and Teaching Aids, Detroit, 1940.



ACTIVITY ASSIGNMENTS: .Work to do to help you with, your social activities. 1.


Make your decision of thie kind of .

party you would like to have your class or Homeroom give at school, keeping in mind all- of the helps that have been given to you in this chapter. 2.


Look over a number of the books

listed in the "Sources" section of this chapter and see if you can add other details to the outline given here which will benefit you in .having an easier and more successful ex*

perience with your group activities. D.


Samples of some of the check-ups

which may be applied to your social activities* planning. 1.


Place an X in the correct space

for true or false. T F a. ( ) ( )It is best not to. offer to help :

... with rthe tables and.’food.on’a picnic. b.

( ) ( )Do not play games unless someone insists that you play.


( ) ( )You should not play pranks

on a

camping trip. d.

( ) ( )You should insist that all your friends play tennis with you even if you


do not know how to play very well. e.

() (

)You should not go in swimming

immediately after eating. f.

() (

) It is fun and you should make

others think you are in need of help while you are in swimming, just to scare them, g.

() (

) To be a good sport means to have

. your own way about things. 2.


Place the number of the best

answer in the parentheses. a.

( ) The right thing is to: (1) Clean up after yourself at a picnic.

(2) Take the

nicest looking food for yourself. (3) Be the first in line for the food.

(4) Never

offer to do the dishes. b.

() When camping you should: (1) Never cut wood or carry water.

(2) Take money

and your jewelry with you. with the sponsor in charge.



(4) Never

bother with first aid knowledge. 3.


Place a X in the space for

which you qualify, in an outdoor group. a.

( ) You did not forget yourwritten permit from your parents to go on a camping party.


( ) You are an active number of a work group.



( ) You learn the

rules of any game and

try to play well. .d . . ( ) You dress for e.

( ) You stay with

the occasion. the group and never

go off to yourself. f.

( ) You try to have fun and to see that others have fun.