376 51 2MB
English Pages 64
1,096 103 1MB Read more
The 39 books of the Old Testament constitute the Hebrew Bible, comprise nearly three quarters of the Christian Bible, an
711 131 26MB Read more
430 76 5MB Read more
My name is Haven, and for as long as I can remember, I've had the ability to cause madness with just a simple touch
454 72 373KB Read more
276 56 3MB Read more
A STUDY GUIDE FOR OLD TESTAMENT HISTORY FOR THE FRESHMEN CLASS OF THE IMMANUEL ACADEMY
A Project Presented to the Faculty of the School of Education The University of Southern California
In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Master of Science in Education
by Clarence E. Hofer August 1950
UMI Number: EP46361
All rights reserved INFORMATION TO ALL USERS The quality of this reproduction is dependent upon the quality of the copy submitted. In the unlikely event that the author did not send a complete manuscript and there are missing pages, these will be noted. Also, if material had to be removed, a note will indicate the deletion.
UMI EP46361 Published by ProQuest LLC (2014). Copyright in the Dissertation held by the Author. Microform Edition © ProQuest LLC. All rights reserved. This work is protected against unauthorized copying under Title 17, United States Code
ProQuest LLC. 789 East Eisenhower Parkway P.O. Box 1346 Ann Arbor, Ml 48106- 1346
T h is project report, w ritte n under the direction of the candidate's adviser and ap p ro ved by him , has been presented to and accepted by the F a c u lty o f the School of E d ucatio n in p a r t ia l fu lf illm e n t of the requirements f o r the degree
of M a s t e r of
Science in Education.
L $ ..£ o........
A d v is e r
TABLE OF CONTENTS CHAPTER I.
THE P R O B L E M ..............................
Statement of the problem . . .........
Importance of this project ............... II.
. . . .
REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE IN THE FIELD
UNITS OF THE C O U R S E ...................... Unit One:
The Beginning of Mankind
The Beginning of the Hebrews
Unit Three: Soil
. . . . . .
............................ Conquering the Promised Land . .
The Struggles of Living in a
Newly Acquired L a n d .................
The Dividing of the Kingdom. . .
Being Captives of a Foreign
P o w e r ................................
The Return of a Faithful Few
to Their Home C o u n t r y ............... Unit Ten:
Changing the Government to a
K i n g d o m ..............................
The Hebrews Leaving Foreign
Struggling in the Repossessed
H o m e l a n d .............................. A P P E N D I X .............................................
THE PROBLEM For many years a course in Old Testament History has been taught at the Immanuel Academy to the incoming fresh man students.
It has served as the basic course in Bible
study through the four years in which the student is of fered one Bible subject a year in addition to the regular high school courses.
There has never been a regular
designated student guide book made available to the stud ents in assisting them in pursuing this course.
Statement of the problem.
The purpose of this
project was to present a study guide for freshmen taking Old Testament History at Immanuel Academy. fourfold objective in presenting this woxrk:
There was a (l) to pres
ent a factual account of fundamental items to be studied; (2) to present the time schedule of the events in Bible History in chronological order through the unit form of instruction; (3) to make the characters live and thus provide a personal goal in the development of the stud ent 's faith; (4) to quicken the student's love for the Bible and its characters.
Importance of this project.
Any study of the
Bible has shown Its importance for it has proven itself the greatest character builder of the ages.
of studying this time honored book has almost been over looked in our modern methods and materials.
The Bible has
been put on the shelf in our day because there has been a disregard and setting aside of all religious books in program planning in schools.
It was due to these condi
tions that the Bible has formed the center or core of the student's course of study at Immanuel Academy.
It Is to
be understood that many methods of Bible study are out moded but that does not mean the Bible has diminished in value.
The method must be brought into line with modern
methods of instruction.
Thus this project has merit in
that it uses the Bible as its textbook and modern methods of teaching are utilized in presenting its truths to the young student’s mind. The importance of this study takes on new meaning when the local setting is understood.
Academy Is a private church high school with an enroll ment of about two hundred students.
The constituency of
the school demands that the Bible courses form the core of the student’s program and, in view of that, these subjects must be made dynamic and vital In the students' lives.
The burden thus born by the teachers of these
subjects is much greater than realized.
objective of the school, teaching and emphasizing the Bible is attained, the future of the structure of the school is at stake.
To present a study guide that will
make the characters of the Bible live and thus help to make the student’s life a vital force for Christianity is of tremendous merit. When the physical, mental, and spiritual develop ment of these high school freshmen has been taken into consideration, a difficult problem becomes apparent. The antagonism towards religious subjects has been ever present, the difficult physical adjustments were con stantly making their demands, and the mental drive has become misdirected or ignored, so the difficulty of stimulating the students activities into the desired channel is most acute.
With the never ending conflict
of forces that tend to distract and hinder the student’s development, there is an increased responsibility to present a study guide that will quicken the student’s love for the Bible and its glorious characters.
REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE IN THE FIELD Many books have been written about Bible study but aLl too few with some specific group in view, and presented In such a manner as to make pupils accomplish the desired goals. Few are the books that have been directed towards the age level of this project, and especially in this subject of Christianity as given in the Old Testament. These books that have been written are not adaptable for the specific group at Immanuel Academy because:
length and number of periods devoted to the course were different, (2 ) the doctrinal emphasis was different, (3 ) the over-all curriculum in Bible was different so that the age level to which the course was being taught was psychologically in error. Woods 1 has produced an excellent work for the study of the Old Testament, but it' utilizes only one method of Instruction.
The book is written for a more
mature student and Is thus too comprehensive for freshmen
1 T. E. P. Woods, Bible History-Old Testament (Grand Rapids, Michigan: W. B. Erdamn Publishing Company, 1941), p. 198.
students. Walker 2 has a workbook for Old Testament and it is a very helpful book for the student but it is too limited.
The book was made for classes in Bible that
met about two or three times a week.
It has some excel
lent charts and graphs that are most helpful and informa tive . Ira Maurice Price,3 iS the author of a good book for source materials.
He presents the history by the
chronological method, but the method of presentation is not adaptable to our classroom procedure.
It does not
make the student responsible to get the facts nor allow for any variety in teaching technic.
The more mature
student could easily use it as a study help. John R. Sampey,1* wrote an excellent source book for outlines of the great Bible characters.
This is a
2 Catherine Walker, Bible Workbook and Study Guide Vol. I (Columbia, South Carolina: Bible Workbook Publishers, 1947), 55 PP. ^ I. M. Price, A Syllabus of Old Testament History (New York: P. H. Revell Company, 1903)> 202 pp. ^ John R. Sampey, Syllabus for Old Testament Study (Nashville, Tennessee: Sunday School Board of the South ern Baptist Convention, 1924), 333 pp.
6 book for advanced students of the Bible. Josiah B.
produced a study of the Bible
for university students at Baylor.
It has some fine
discussions on the problems that arise in Bible study. A very good outline is given. Grace Saxe,° wrote three books which have some good summary studies of the events and characters of the first three units of our guide. Clarence H. Benson,
gives some outlines of the
various books of the Bible and summarizes the main teachings to be learned in each book.
Josiah B. Tidwell, The Bible Period by Period (Nashville, Tennessee: Broadman Press, 1923 ), 3&0 PP* 6 Grace Saxe, Studies in Genesis, Studies in Exodus, Studies in Leviticus, Numbers, and' Leuteronomy (Chicago: MoodyHFress, 1921 ), 77 pp., 57 p p ., and 52 p p . respectfully. ^ Clarence H. Benson, A Guide for Bible Study (Chicago: Evangelical Teacher Training Association, 1935 )* 76 pp.
B I B L I O G R A P H Y
BIBLIOGRAPHY Blaikie, William G., A Manu-al of Bible StudyThe Press, 1940. 432 pp.
Burroughs, P. E., Outlines of Bible History. Nashville, Tennessee: Sunday School Board of the Southern Baptist Convention, 1934. 108 pp. Carroll, B. H., Studies in Genesis. Broadman Press, 1937• 143 p p .
Cartledge, Samuel A., A Conservative Introduction to the Old Testament. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Zondervon PublishingHouse, 19^3* 238 pp. Hailey, H. H., Pocket Bible Handbook. Hailey Publisher, 1939* 470 pp.
Hill, John L., From Joshua to David. Nashville, Tennessee: Sunday School Board of the Southern Baptist Convention, 1934. 87 PP. Maclear, G. F., A Class-Book of Old Testament History. London: Macmillan and Company, 1920. 508 pp. Moehlman, Conrad H., School and Church. and Brothers, I73 pp.
Newell, William R., Old Testament Studies, Volume I. Chicago: The Moody Press, 1950^ 412 pp. Price, Ira M., A Syllabus of Old Testament History. York: F. H. Revell Company, 1903201 pp.
_______ , The Mounuments and the Old Testament♦ Philadel phia: American Baptist Pub. Society, 1907* 333 PP* Robinson, George L., The Twelve Minor Prophets. New York: Harper and Brothers Publishers, 1926. 203 PP* Sampey, John R . , Syllabus For Old Testament Study. Nash ville, Tennessee: Baptist World Publishing Company, 1924. 335 PP*
Saxe, Grace, Studies in Genesis. 1921. 77 PP. _______ , Studies in Exodus. 57 PP*
Moody Press, 1941.
_______, Studies in Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy. Chicago: Moody Press, 1921. 52 pp. Stellhorn, A. C., Advanced Bible History. St. Louis, Missouri: Concordia Publishing House, 1936. 447 PP* Thomas, W. H. Griffith, Genesis. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Wm. E. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1946. 507 PP* Tidwell, Josiah B., The Bible Period by Period. Tennessee: Broadman Press, 1923* 360 pp.
Walker, Catherine B . , Bible Workbook and Study Guide, Volume I. Columbia: Bible Workbook Publishers, 1947. 55 PP. Woods, T . E . P ., Bible History-Old Testament. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Wm. ’ B .Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1941. 198 pp.
UNITS OP THE COURSE This course of study for the Old Testament is divided into ten units, each unit forming a distinct phase and development in the life of man in general and the Hebrews in particular. I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VII. VIII. IX. X.
THE BEGINNING OP MANKIND THE BEGINNING OF THE HEBREWS LEAVING FOREIGN SOIL CONQUERING THE PROMISED LAND STRUGGLING IN A NEWLY ACQUIRED LAND CHANGING THE FORM OF GOVERNMENT NATION DIVIDING INTO TWO KINGDOMS BEING CAPTIVES OF A FOREING COUNTRY RETURNING TO THE HOMELAND STRUGGLING IN THE REPOSSESSED HOMELAND
The material for each unit falls into four parts: (l) Analysis of the unit; statement of the objective the elements of the unit, (2) Exploratory questions to reveal
what you bring to the unit, (3 )
Where the information may be found; Bible
other books for supplementary material and outlines, (4) Work to be done; exercises to be undertaken, and Mastery Check-Up; skills to be acquired.
UNIT ONE THE BEGINNING OF MANKIND ANALYSIS OF THE UNIT Objective To become aware of the origin and development of our pres ent moral and spiritual state.
Elements of the Unit 1.
The creation of the universe and of man.
The temptation and fall of man.
A new beginning as a result of the flood.
The confusion of tongues at Babel.
THINGS FOR YOU TO THINK ABOUT 1.
Who created all things?
When were all
What is meant by "create?" Heb. 11:3*
things created? Gen. 1:21. 26, 27.
What is the meaning of the phrase "in
What was done on each creative day?
What is the meaning of the phrase "after his
What are four particular differences between the bless ing bestowed on lower animals and those on man? Gen. 1 :22 , 28.
What Is the nature of man?
What was man's first occupation?
2:7* 2:15 cf. 1:28.
1 0 . What was the command God gave to man?
1 1 . What was the purpose of the command God gave to man? Isaiah 43:7 and Rev. 4:11. 12.
How was Adam's intelligence tested?
How was woman created?
Why was woman created?
What is sin?
16. What are the steps of Satan's assault on Eve? 17.
What was the real temptation?
18. What were the consequences of the fall of man: a. upon the serpent? b. upon the ground? the woman? d. upon the man? 19-
How does man's reaction after his sin explain the truth expressed in John 1:11?
2 0 . What Messianic Prophecy is given in God's covenant with man? 2 1 . How was the command of God fulfilled in man's fall? 22.
How does the conflict spoken of in Gen. 3:15 have bearing upon the actions of Cain and Abel?
Why was Abel's offering acceptable and Cain's not? 4:6, 7; cf. Heb. 11:4.
What were some of the occupations of the early descendants of Cain? 4:20-22.
What was the origin of blood sacrifice? Lev. 16:11; John 1:29; Heb. 9:22.
What was Cain's attitude and punishment? 21 :2 .
Gen. 3:21; Cf. Prov.
How long did the antediluvians live?
What was the moral condition of the people inNoah's day? Gen. 6:5 (Underline the three words that emphasize it).
How many of each clean animal were taken into the ark? How many unclean?
Who entered the ark at the time of the flood?
Where did the ark land and what was Noah's immediate reaction?
How did the occupants of the ark know when the water dried up? / What covenant did God made with Noah?
What does God say about original sin? Gen. 8:21.
Who were the descendants from Noah's sons? did they settle?
36 . Suppose you were one of the builders of the tower of Babel? Can you give some reasons for your building it? Gen. 11:4. 37*
What is the strongest tie between you What part does your speaking the same in making friends?
and your friends? language have
WHERE YOU CAN FIND THE INFORMATION Basic account: BIBLE. All references In this unit are found In the book of Genesis, chapters 1-11, unless otherwise indicated. Supplementary accounts: Saxe, Studies in the Book of Genesis, pp. 6-21. Burroughs, Outlines of Bible History, pp. 23-27-
Tidwell, The Bible-Period by Period, pp. 17-55. Carroll, Studies in Genesis, pp. 9-64. Hailey, Pocket Bible Handbook, pp. 127-145.
THINGS FOR YOU TO DO 1.
Reconstruct in your own words the creation and the creative days.
Make a map showing the possible geographical loca tion of the garden of Eden.
Make a sketch of Noah's ark.
List the four statements made about Noah's character as found in Genesis 6:8, 9 , 22.
Make a chart of the countries where the descendants of Noah's sons settled.
out the days that Noah spent in the ark.
Name the five main events of this first unit.
Make a list of the times offerings were made in this unit.
List the steps of the fall of man and give a spiritual Interpretation for each step.
Write a short account of the early civilization before the flood.
Find a classmate with whom you can discuss an imaginary account of the building of the tower of Babel.
Make a list of some of the great beginnings in Genesis.
MASTERY CHECK-UP 1.
Do you know these persons?
Do you know these? a.
UNIT TWO THE BEGINNING OF THE HEBREWS ANALYSIS OF THE UNIT Objective To rely on God under trying circumstances. Elements of the Unit 1.
The history of one man and his descendants traced
until they become a nation in Egypt. 2.
The man Abram called of God and his obedience
to that call. 3-
The four patriarchs tested to develop a genuine
faith in God. 4.
The promises made by God and His faithfullness
In keeping them against unbelievable obstacles.
THINGS FOR YOU TO EXPLORE 1.
Where was Abram’s home?
From which of Noah’s sons did he descend? 11 :1 0 .
Why did he obey God without hesitation?
What did God call that quality which made Abram obey him and do right? Rom. 4:3*
Where was Abram's first stopping place? was he?
Gen. Heb. 11:8.
What was the first stopping place in Canaan? he do there?
What was the name of the second stopping place in Canaan?
Why did Abram and Sarah behave themselves while in Egypt?
Why did Abrhm go to Egypt?
To what city did they return and build an altar?
Do you know what Abram gained and what he lost by going to Egypt?
What hint is there of Abram repenting for lack of faith in God? Gen. 12:7, 8 with 13:4.
Why did Abram and Lot separate?
What are the five steps in L o t ’s progression toward the East?
What kind of people were the Sodomites? did they descend? 10 :19 , 13:13 *
What promise did God make to Abram at this time? 13:14-17.
In what town did
Why did Abram take part in the battle between the four kings against the five kings?
What important personality did Abram meet upon his return? What do you know about him? Heb. 6:20,
Abram finally settle?
What name of God is revealed here?
What two victories did God give Abram, one in war and one in heart?
What cause of fear did Abram have?
What promise did
the Lord give Abram?
Why is verse six
of chapter 15 important?
What does the vision of chapter 15 tell of Israel's future?
What was Hagar's story?
What was the first fruit
What race descended from Ishmael?
What was the promise God
What message did the heavenly visitors what was the reaction upon Sarah?
What had been Abraham's prayer of intercession?
How had Lot progressed since leaving Abraham? Why the mob in verse four? Why was he as one that mocked verse 14.
Who did escape from Sodom?
Why did Lot's wife become a pillar of salt?
Did some of the filth of Sodom cling to Lot's family? What spiritual lesson does that teach us?
To what place did Abraham move after the destruction of Sodom?
What sin in the life of Abraham is repeated in Gerar?
of this sin?
Gen. 27 . bring and
38 . What was Abraham's judgement of the spiritual condi tion in Philistine?
Was he right in his judgement?
What happened to Hagar and Ishmael after Isaac's birth? Chapter 21. What is the whole story?
Of whom were Sarah and Isaac types according to Galations? 4:22-31*
What is meant by "tempt” in 22:1?
Where is Mt. Moriah? Abraham and Isaac?
Cf. James 1:1-12.
How long a journey was it for
43 . What made this command to offer Isaac hard for Abraham to understand? 44.
How does the offering of Isaac compare to Christ's
18 death on the cross? 45.
How does God order events In light of the statement "for now I know" in Gen. 22:12?
What is confirmed in Gen. 22:16?
Who died at this time?
Why did Abraham consider marriage such an important step? Should we? Do you know some reasons?
How was Rebecca found as a wife for Isaac? What are some points for a successful marriage as found in the story? Chapter 24.
How old was Abraham when he died, where was he buried?
How would you compare and contrast Isaac's sons? Jacob and Esau? Gen. 25 .
What are the elements included in a birthright?
What is the meaning of this statement; "thus Esau despised his birthright?" Cf. Heb. 12:16, 17-
How did Isaac sin like his father while in Gerar? How did the Philistines find it out? Gen. 26:6 ff.
For what one thing was Isaac known? 21 , 2 2 .
How did Esau show for the second time his careless attitude towards life? Gen. 26:34. Whom did it hurt?
What are the steps by which Jacob stole Esau's blessing? 27*
Is Esau just to Jacob in verse 36 of chapter 27?
What attitude does Esau show in verse 4l and 44?
Is Isaac reconciled to Jacob's receiving the Abrahamic blessing? Why did he send him away? Gen. 28:1-5*
What happened the first night and day after he left?
Cf. Heb. 6:l6-l8.
What special promises did God give to Jacob?
63 . Why was Jacob afraid?
What was the bargain Jacob made with God?
What happened at each of these places? Haran, (Padanaram), HJount Gilead, Mahanaim, Brook Jabbok, Peniel, Succoth, Shalem, (Seheckem) Bethel (second time), Bethlehem, Hebrorj^.
How did Jacob receive the same kind of treatment he had been giving others while at Haran?
67 . Why was he leaving Haran even though his mother hadn't called him? 27:43-45; 31 :3 68.
Why was Laban unwilling to let Jacob go?
69 * What were the conditions of Jacob's leaving Haran? 31:14 ff. 70.
How did Jacob and Laban part at Gilead?
Of what was Jacob afraid in 32:7?
What are the four phases of Jacob!s prayer to God? 32:9-12.
What three things did Jacob do upon hearing his brother was coming to meet him?
How did God prepare him? change took place?
How did he meet his brother Esau?
76 . What shame came to Jacob in chapter 34? 6:7* 8 . 77-
Why did he return to Bethel? How did he prepare to do so? How does God protect him?
78 . What was the spiritual change in Jacob's two visits to Bethel? 79*
Gen. 35:9-15 and 28:10-22.
If Jacob was calling the roll of his sons according to their age, what would be the proper order? Gen. 35:23-26.
What sorrows came to Jacob after Bethel?
Where did Esau live? us about him?
What were the three reasons for Joseph’s brother hating him? Gen. 37*
What does Heb. 12:16-17 tell
83 . What are the steps from Joseph's leaving home down to Egypt?
What were his dreams?
What are the outstanding characteristics of Joseph while in Potiphar's house? Gen. 39*
What quality of character was shown in prison? 40:23•
What were the dreams of the butler and the baker?
What did Pharoah dream?
What do verses 14 and 16 of chapter 4l show about Joseph's character?
89 . Why did Joseph call his brothers spies on their first visit to Egypt? 90.
How did his treatment of them help develop their character?
Where were the brethren taken when they came to Egypt the second time? What was the effect? Why? Gen. 43.
What arrangement at the table amazed the brethren? 43.
What trap did Joseph set for his brothers?
Does Judah's plea ring true?
How did Joseph reveal himself to his brethren?
96 . What did Joseph give as the reason for his being in Egypt? 97*
How did he make arrangements to transport his father to Egypt?
98 . Why were the brothers troubled when they had the joy of telling their father Joseph was alive? 99. 100.
What lesson do we learn from the brother's deception of their father? How many sould went down to Egypt and where did they live?
Who were Joseph's sons and how were they blessed?
What prophetic utterance is given in 49:10?
What did Joseph's brethren fear after Jacob's death? 50 .
Where was Jacobfs final burial place? Joseph's burial place?
How did the Hebrews increase so rapidly in Egypt? How many years were they in Egypt? Ex. .1:7* 12:40.
WHERE YOU MAY FIND DIRECTION Basic account: BIBLE. All references in this unit refer to the book of Genesis unless otherwise indicated. Supplementary accounts Saxe, Studies in the Book of Genesis, pp. 23-51• Tidwell, The Bible Period by Period, pp. 56-82 . Carroll, Studies in Genesis, pp. 65-137* Hailey, Pocket Bible Handbook, pp. 147-153* Sampey, Syllabus for Old Testament Study, pp. 61-72.
THINGS FOR YOUR NOTEBOOK 1.
Make a list of the times Abraham was trained in a life of separation. 12:1, 11:32, 13*1^* What did he have to separate himself from at each place?
Trace the Journey of Abraham and tell what took place at each place.
List how the offering of Isaac was an example of Christ offering himself.
Characterize the faith of the four patriarchs.
Trace Jacob's journey and the chief pvent dt each place.
Make a list of the ways Joseph is an example of Christ. Saxe, Genesis, p. 51*
Explain the relationship between Joseph and his brothers. What would you have told your father about the evil doings of your brothers?
Trace the covenants that are given in Genesis.
Be able to reconstruct the trips and events of Joseph's brethren to Egypt.
List some things we learn about God in Genesis. Illustrate each quality listed with a story.
List in order the important people in the life of Christ in Genesis.
MASTERY CHECK-UP Do you know these? 1 . Reuben
Do you know these events? 1.
Jacob’s flight from home
Jacob's sojourn in Haran
Isaac's well-digging experience
victory in battle
Jacob's experience at Peniel
Joseph in Potiphar's house
Joseph in prison
family in Goshen
Joseph as prime minister
Joseph dealings with his brothers
UNIT THREE THE HEBREWS LEAVING FOREIGN SOIL ANALYSIS OF THE UNIT Objective To become aware of the conditions that make for harmony with God. Elements of the Unit 1.
The Hebrew nation growing and suffering in the
foreign country of Egypt. 2.
The training of a mighty leader and his being
used to deliver the people from bondage. 3*
The unifying process through the giving of the
The Hebrews journeying, after receiving of the
law, to a new country. 5.
The hardship and trials of traveling in such a
large group of people.
THOUGHTFULNESS IS NEEDED 1.
What effect did the growth of Israel have upon Pharoah? Ex. 1.
What four things did Pharoah do?
Why was such cruelty permitted?
What was the result? Gen. 47:5-6, 11j
then Gen. 12:7 > then Deut. 32:11. .4. 5.
Who were Moses's parents, brother, sister, wife and fathe r-in-1aw? What training did Moses receive at each of the following places: a.
In his mother's home.
Ex. 2, Acts 7:21, 22.
In Pharoah's palace.
In the wilderness of Midian.
What great decision did he have to make at forty years of age? Why did he choose the way he did? Heb. 11:24-27.
Why did Moses have to leave Egypt? 29; Heb. 11:24-27-
Of what value was his life as a shepherd?
What were Moses1 excuses when God called him to be leader of Israel? Ex. 3-4.
Cf. Acts 7:23-
Who became Moses' spokesman and whom did they first tell the message of deliverance?
What is meant by "Iiwill harden his heart?" Saxe, Genesis.
What did they tell Pharoah about their purpose? Es. 5What did he do?
What was Pharoah's reply?
What did Moses learn through this first contact with Pharoah? Was his faith weakening?
15 . What does God affirm in Ex. 6:1-8? 16.
Why was God going to do all this?
What is the name of each of the ten plagues? Into what five groups are they divided?
What plagues did the magicians duplicate?
What shows that these did not happen by accident?
What was Pharoah*s response to the plagues?
What is the significance of the order in which the plagues came?
What do you think was God*s purpose in the plagues? Ex. 12:12.
Why was the last plague the hardest to bear?
What were the Israelites required to do for the first passover feast? Ex. 12:3-11.
What was the name of the feast that was to commem orate the last plague? Why? Ex. 12:14, 17» 27 > 42.
How did the Egyptians feel toward Israel after the last plague? Ex. 12:33-36.
What does Exodus mean?
Under what conditions could a stranger eat the Passover?
29 . When Moses told Israel the conditions the last plague would bring, what was the Israelites attitude? Ex. 12:27. 30.
How did they celebrate the Passover in years to come? Ex. 12:14-20.
How does Christ become our passover lamb?
Upon leaving, what did they take with them?
How many Israelites left Egypt?
1 Cor. 5:7*
Why did they not go directly to Canaan?
How did God lead and protect them?
Into what predicament did Israel get intosoon after leaving? Was It G o d ’s purpose? Ex. 14.
How did the Israelites cross the Red Sea? miracle? Ex. 14.
What was the
38 . What happened to Pharoah's array?
How did this
affect the Israelites. 39.
The contest with Pharoah was now completed; what were God's two main purposes in dealing with him as he did?
What happened at each of these places in their journey? Rameses, Succoth, Red Sea, (Ex. 14-15 )> Marah (15:23-26), Elim (15:27), Wilderness of Sin (16 ), Rephidim (17-18). List each event.
How did the people prepare to meet their God? 19:9-25.
Upon what condition was the law given? Ex. 19:56 , cf. 1 Peter 2:9 and Deut. 7:6. What were the three results if they were’obedient?
In what three ways were the ten commandments given? 2 0 :1 .
What are the four commandments giving man's duty to God? Ex. 20.
What are the six commandments given for man's duty to man? Ex. 20.
What did Moses say was the great reason for us not to sin? Ex. 20:20.
What was the purpose of the law? To deliver them, to discipline them, to organize them, as a means of life, or to attain a high position?
Exodus 21-24 gives the law in fuller detail but based upon the Ten Commandments. How would you have been punished by your parents if you had lived in that time?
Why did God want a Tabernacle built?
What was the plan for the court of the Tabernacle? . Where was the furniture placed in the Tabernacle?
What was the appearance of each piece of furniture?
Ex. 25 :8 .
How does each piece typify Christ?
What awful sin did the people commit as recorded in Ex. 32?
What was God's reaction? What are the three reasons Moses gave for having the people spared? Ex. 32:10-13.
What were the ways Israel was punished? Ex. 32. How were they restored in their fellowship with God. Ex. 33:7-10. How does verse three show they were out of fellowship?
56 . What kind of people did God want to contribute to the building of the Tabernacle?
Ex. 35:4-5* 21, 29 .
Who were to two chief workmen on the Tabernacle? Ex. 35:30-35*
How far had Israel progressed from her condition at the beginning of the book to her state at the end of the book?
What were the names of the five offerings? a. What was God's name for each offering? b. What was man's view or need of each? c. How did Christ meet each one? d. How was each offered? Lev. 1-7*
What were the five steps in bringing an offering to God?
What was the article of dress for the priest? What was the article of dress for the high priest? Lev. 8:7-9, Ex. 28. How was the priest consecrated? Lev. 8.
What was the cause of behavior? Lev. 10:1-3* 9*
Nadab’s and Ablhu's?
63 . a.
What was the order of the offerings that were brought the Day of Atonement? b. Of what did each offering consist? c. What was its purpose? Lev. 16- 17 .
In regard to the seven feast days, a. What was the name of each feast? b. When was each held? S. What was its purpose? d. What is Its New Testa ment type? Lev. 23*
What were the causes of the observation of the two great years? Lev. 25-27*
What is the meaning of the book of Leviticus? Where were its contents given? What is the key word? See Saxe, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy.
Into what three geographical places does the book of Numbers take place?
What was the population of each tribe in Num. 1?
How did the Israelites group themselves about the Tabernacle? Num. 2-3*
In what order were the tribes to march? 27.
What were the cause and result of Miriam's and Aaron's murmuring against Moses? Num. 12.
How many men spied out Canaan? Numbers 13.
What was the report the spies gave?
What was the name of the spies-who wanted to go up immediately to take the land? 14:6-9*
What was the awful sin Israel had committed in not entering Canaan at this time? Why was it so displeas ing to God?
76 . What was Israel's punishment? 77*
Why that number?
Upon hearing their punishment what did some of the Israelites do?
78 . How does the story of the spies typify the ChristIan's experience? 79*
What was the rebellion of Korah and his group? Num. 16 .
How did God prove to the people that He had chosen Aaron and the Levites as priests?
What was Moses' sin? Notice the real sin and its harsh consequences. Num. 20.
Why did Israel Journey around Edora?
Why were the fiery serpents sent to punish Israel?
What was the miraculous deliverance?
What did Christ say of this story?
What two nations or kings were defeated east of the Jordan? Num. 21.
What is the story of Balaam and Balak?
took Aaron's place when he died?
Num. 21. John 3:14-15*
89 . What was the law for possessing land?
Num. 23-24. Num. 33:51-56.
What tribes were asked to settle east of the Jordon? Num. 32:1, 5*
Where were the Levites to live?
What is the name of each of the stopping places of Israel?
What is the purpose of the book of Deuteronomy?
What does Deuteronomy mean?
What is the law of separation?
96 . Why was the law of separation given? c
How did Moses die?
98 . Where was Moses burled? 99* ]Q0.
What was Moses1 condition at death? How great had Moses become?
FINDING A BASIS FOR YOUR THOUGHTS Basic account: BIBLE. In the books of Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy, unless otherwise indicated. Supplementary accounts: Saxe, Studies in Exodus, whole book. Saxe, Studies in Numbers, Leviticus, and Deuteronomy. whole book. Hailey, Pocket Bible Handbook, pp. 154-179* Sampey, Syllabus of the Old Testament, pp. 77-83* Tidwell, The Bible Period by Period, pp. 83-108. Blaikie, Bible History, pp. 64-111. Maelear, Classbook of Old Testament History, pp. 77-199* Stellhorn, Advanced Bible History, pp. 85-129* Newell, Old Testament Studies, pp. 69-234. Benson, Clarence H., A Guide to Bible Study, pp. 17-28.
WHAT YOU AND YOUR FRIENDS
CAN DO TOGETHER
Find the key meaning of each of the four books of this unit and its general subject material.
Write an Israelite's memory book of his journey.
Make an outline of Moses' life. See Sampey's Syllabus.
Make a chart of the plagues showing their progression and whom they affected.
Make a model scale of the Tabernacle and its furnish ings .
Give the steps you would take in bringing an offering to the Tabernacle.
Make an outline of each of the four books of this unit. See Sampey1s Syllabus. Benson's A Guide for Bible Study, pp. 1 7 > 23 > 20, 26.
8. Make a chart of Moses1 education and what each phase contributed to make him such a great leader. See Benson's Guide. 9* 10.
Draw a diagram of the camp of the Israelites around the Tabernacle with their banners. Write a news account about Israel receiving the law. Use Stellhorn's Advanced Bible History picture on page 105 for ideas. Cf. Ex. 19* Make a drawing of the Ten Commandments as written on the tables of stone.
Write an Israelites' complaint book. Guide, pp. 24.
Make a comparison chart of the relationship of the passover with the New Testament redemption. See Sace's Exodus, p. 28.
List the seven "I Will's” of Exodus 6:6-8.
Elders of Israel
16 . Balaam
M -O -•
Do you know these persons?
33 Do you know these places? Goshen
M t . Nebo
Wilderness of Sin
Do you know these events? Plagues
Moses 1 Call
Day of Atonement
Journey in Wilderness
Furniture of the ' Tabernacle
Manna and quail
Ritual for offering
UNIT FOUR CONQUERING THE PROMISED LAND Analysis of the Unit Objective To analyze
the conditions which led to victory. Elements of the Unit
The training of a new leader and the proving
of his ability. 2. and
The dividing of the enemy forces by attacking
taking the center of the land. 3-
The taking of the southern portion
and then the
northern part of the country of Canaan. 4.
The dividing of the land among the twelve
WHAT DO YOU THINK? 1.
What was Joshua's preparation for leadership?.
What promise did God give to Joshua concerning the land he was to conquer? Josh. 1:3*
How does this carry over into the New Testament Christian's life? Eph. 1:3.
What was Joshua's command to the people?
1:10-11, 16-17. 5.
How did the people respond?
When two spies were sent to Jericho, what was the attitude of Rahab towards Israel? Josh. 2:11.
What was the attitude of the
What reassuring word did God assumed command? Josh. 1:9.
How might that apply to us?
give Joshua before he
What feast was kept at Gilgal?
cause of failurein attacking Ai?Josh. 7*
Upon what basis was victory assured?
How many men lost their lives due to the disobedience of Achan?
In connection with the agreement with the Gibeonites, what was God's command In Deut. 7:1-2?
What was the trickery of the Gibeonites?
Why was Joshua deceived?
What was the final result of the agreement?
Who did Joshua attack in Joshua 10?
How did God help him win the victory?
What was the miracle connected with
Where was this battle fought?
Where was the battle referred to In fought?
What was the outcome of the battle?
What territory was given to each tribe?
Where was the Tabernacle set-up?
What were the name^of the six cities of refuge?
28 . Why were these cities scattered as they were? 29*
In Joshua’s last counsel with the Israelites, what promises does he recall and what challenge is given? Josh. 23-24.
WHERE YOU CAN FIND THE INFORMATION Basic account; BIBLE. All references in this unit are in the book of Joshua, except those otherwise marked. Supplementary accounts; Tidwell, The Bible Period by Period, pp. 110-117• Price, Syllabus of the Old Testament History, PP* 63-71*
WHAT YOU CAN DO 1.
Write an article praising the qualities of Joshua based upon his past experiences.
Make a newspaper sketch of the battles fought as recorded in Joshua.
Imagine yourself living in one of the cities of refuge. Write a letter to a friend telling about the conditions.
Make a relief map indicating where each tribe was located.
Imagine you were living in the most ideal spot in Canaan. Describe your environment in a letter to your parents.
MASTERY CHECK-UP Do you know these men and places? 1.
Waters of Merom
38 UNIT FIVE THE STRUGGLES OF LIVING IN A NEWLY ACQUIRED LAND Analysis of the Unit Objective Learning to live by the direct rule of God. Elements of the Unit 1.
The Israelites endeavor to complete the conquest
of the land. 2.
The enemies take and oppress the Israelites until
they cry unto the Lord for a judge to deliver them. 3*
The failure of the direct rule of God since
everyone did what was right in his own eyes. 4.
The character and exploits of the thirteen
GETTING YOUR DIRECTION 1.
Why did God institute the rule of Judges? 2:14-19.
What was the background of these people that made them forsake the Lord? Judges 2:10. Whose fault was it?
What was God's purpose in leaving the enemy in their midst? Judges 3:1-4.
What are the important facts about each outstanding judge?
5 . What were the exploits of Samson? 6.
In the story of Ruth, which happened during the time of the judges, from where did her parentsin-law come?
Where was Ruth's home?
Why did Ruth's mother-in-law want to return to her home?
Which judge is the most outstanding in his spiritual maturity?
What characteristics can you copy?
FINDING YOUR WAY Basic account: BIBLE. The books of Judges and Ruth are the primary sources. All other references are designated. Supplementary accounts: Tidwell, The Bible Period by Period,
Sampey, Syllabus for Old Testament Study, pp. 89-91. DEVELOPING YOUR CHARACTER 1.
Write a newspaper article of your life if you had been an Israelite during this unit. Tell what kind of government you had and how you struggled to find a way of security.
Make a chart of the seven cycles of sin, punishment, .repentance, and deliverance. Name the country that conquered the Israelites, how long they were punished, and who delivered them. Judges 3-16.
Make a chart of the thirteen judges and name the outstanding victory of each.
Write the "Love Story of Ruth and Boaz."
Describe in your own words the cycle of God's repeated dealings with the Israelites. What was the purpose that was to be accomplished by such treat ment?
MASTERYJCHECK-UP Do you know these? Othniel
4i UNIT SIX CHANGING THE GOVERNMENT TO A KINGDOM ANALYSIS OF THE UNIT Objective To analyze the forces that necessitated a change. Elements of the Unit 1.
The man Samuel who was to. bridge the transition.
The first king chosen by the people and his
failure to establish his line. 3.
The second king; his success and his personal
The third king; the splendor of his reign
that lead to its division.
The era of great literature writings.
THINKING YOUR WAY THROUGH 1.
What were the evil and what were the good influences in Samuel's life?
What was Samuel's threefold position in Israel?
3 . What were the two reasons for Israel's wanting a king?
I Sam. 8.
What was God's attitude towards Israel for wanting a king? /
From which tribe did Saul, the first king come?
6 . Who was Saul *s father? 7.
What was Saul’s appearance?
How was Saul privately anointed?
How was Saul anointed before all Israel?
What statement did Samuel make about his rule in his farewell address?
What warnings did Samuel give?
What did Samuel promise?
What was the first sin Saul committed that was to lead to his down fall?
What were the consequences of Saul's first sin?
15 . What was the second sin that lead to Saul's down fall?
16 . What was the 17.
consequence of his second sin?
What did David do during
his shepherd life?
What was David's experience in Saul's court?
To what places did David flee as Saul was pursuing him?
What were the conditions of David's rule in Hebron?
Where did David finally rule over all Israel?
How old was David when he began to rule?
What did David move to the capitol?
What did David do for Mephibosheth?
II Sam. 9*
25 . What was the
occasion of Daivd's sin?
What was the
method used to get David to repent?
How did David react when told he was guilty?
What was David's punishment?
What trouble did David have with two of his sons?
How did Solomon become king?
What was the reason for Solomon's hasty anointing?
What was the appearance of Solomon's temple?
What was the splendor of Solomon's empire?
What was the cause of Solomon's failure?
WHERE TO LOOK FOR INFORMATION Basic account: BIBLE. The books of I and II Samuel, Kings, I Chronicle, Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Solomon. Supplementary accounts: Sampey, Syllabus for Old Testament Study, pp. 93-105* Tidwell, The Bible Period by Period, pp. 129-153*
THINGS TO DO TO DEVELOP UNDERSTANDING 1.
Draw a map showing the extent of the various kingdoms.
Make a map showing the route of the pursuit of David by Saul.
Make a map showing the circuit Samuel took as a judge.
Make a sketch of the temple as built by Solomon.
Select a portion of one of the Psalms that has bear ing upon present day life. Be able to read it to the class with proper interpretation.
Write an original play of David's life, illustrating the dramatic scenes in his shepherd and court life.
Make a list of the important quotations that you would like to remember.
Make a scrap-book in which you write and illustrate some of the important Proverbs.
Ecclesiastes is a book of human reasoning about life. Give the conclusion as found in the last verse.
MASTERY CHECK-UP Do you know these persons? 1.
16 . Mephibosheth
18 . Hiram
Queen of Sheba
UNIT SEVEN THE DIVIDING OF THE KINGDOM ANALYSIS OF THE UNIT Objective To become aware of the forces that cause corrupt character. Elements of the Unit 1.
The forces that caused the splitting of the
The relationships between the two separate
The forces that came in to weaken the empires.
The ultimate result:
foreign powers coming in to
take Israel captive.
The perpetuation of one line of kings while
the other is an almost constant rivalry for power.
IDEAS FOR YOUR THOUGHTS 1.
What were four reasons for the dividing of the kingdom?
How was Rehoboam responsible for the split?
How do the two kingdoms compare as to : b. capitals; c. resources?
What sin did Jereboam commit that was a sin all the days of Israel?
5 . Who are the four kings of the southern kingdom who lead spiritual revivals which kept it from disintegrating sooner? 6.
Who was the head of each of the dynasties or families that ruled in the northern kingdom?
Which was the family that had the poorest record? Which family had the best record?
What are the outstanding achievements of Hezekiah?
Who was king of the northern kingdom when it went into captivity? Who was the southern king at this time?
What made Josiah's reign so remarkable?
What two prophets did God raise up to withstand Baalism?
What was the remarkable work of Jehu?
What were the main miracles performed by Elijah?
What request did Elijah make as he fled from Jezebel?
What were Elisha's important miracles?
What was Jonah supposed to do? y Into what kind of difficulty did he get f o r : being disobedient?
What was the message of Hesea?
19 . What was the burden ofthe prophet Amos? 20.
What is the most important message of Isaiah?
47 WHERE YOU CAN FIND THE MATERIAL Basic account: BIBLE. The second book of Kings and Chronicles give the historical narrative of the unit. The major and minor prophets that wrote during this unit# are given in the questions. Supplementary accounts: Sampey# Syllabus for Old Testament Study# pp. 112-253* Tidwell# The Bible Period by Period# pp. 155-190.
DEVELOPING YOUR IDEAS 1.
Act out some scene which might characterize each of the important northern kings.
Make your own comparison of the kingdoms showing their development and relationship one to the other.
Write your characterization of the best southern kings.
Make a rough graph showing the number of times the southern kingdom was at a high spiritual level and then declined.
Make a chart of the contemporary reigning kings and the prophets. Be sure to keep them in proper relationship one to another.
Write a skit of the important dramatic events in the life of Elijah.
Dramatize some of the events in Elisha's life.
In one sentence each, state what is the contents of these books: Joel# Micah, Nahum, Zephaniah, Jeremiah, Habakkuk, and Obadiah.
MASTERY CHECK-UP Do you know these persons? 1.
49 UNIT EIGHT BEING CAPTIVES OP A FOREIGN POWER ANALYSIS OF THE UNIT Objective To analyze the conditions that purify life. Element of the Unit 1.
The nations that ftook the Israelites captive.
The condition of the Hebrews in the foreign
The changes produced while living under a foreign
The unusual literature written while in captivity.
NEEDFUL THOUGHTS 1.
When were the three deportations of the southern kingdom made?
What is the significant fact about each of the three deportations?
What was the real reason for the Israelites being taken captive?
What light does the one hundred thirty-seventh Psalm shed upon the conditions of the captivity?
What prophets wrote during this time?
What is the story of the book of Esther?
What condition of the Hebrews during this time does it reveal?
What were the important changes that took place in the national life of the Hebrews during this captivity?
WHERE TO GO EOR MATERIAL Basic account: BIBLE. No historical book was written during this unit, but the prophets Ezekiel and Daniel describe the conditions during this time as does also the book of Esther. Supplementary accounts: Sampey, Syllabus for Old Testament Study, pp. 241-253*
ORIGINALITY WANTED 1.
Dramatize some events in the book of Daniel.
Dramatize the story of Esther.
Give a short talk on how Israel was purified of many bf the kings during the captivity.
Make a sketch of the ruins of Jerusalem.
MASTERY CHECK-UP Do you know these persons? Daniel
o i —1
UNIT NINE THE RETURN OF A FAITHFUL FEW TO THEIR HOME COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF THE UNIT Objective To become aware of the qualities of character necessary for leadership. Elements of the Unit 1.
The circumstances under which the Israelites
The first leader and his followers returning
to rebuild the temple. 3.
The second leader of the returning people
leading them to new spiritual heights. 4.
The third leader returning with a band of
followers with the purpose of rebuilding the wall.
THOUGHTS FOR LEADERS 1.
What three men were instrumental in leading the Israelites back to Canaan?
What was the chief work of each leader?
How many persons returned to each group?
When did each group return?
What king gave the decree for them to return?
Under whose reign was the temple completed?
7. 8. 9. 10.
What two feasts were kept upon their return? What are the important events in the life of Ezra? What was his most constructive work? What sin
of the Israelites greatly disturbed Ezra?
What was Nehemiah’s position in Persia?
How did the king discover that Nehemiah wanted to return?
What were the names of the two Samaritans which opposed Nehemiah's work?
How long did it take to complete the wall?
What three prophets wrote during this unit?
What was the message of each prophet?
WHERE YOU MAY FIND ASSISTANCE Basic account; BIBLE. The books of Ezra and Nehemiah give the historical accounts while the prophets Haggai, Eecharlah, and Malachi give the prophetic messages. Supplementary accounts; Newell, Old Testament Studies, pp. 347-382. Tidwell, The Bible Period by Period, pp. 204-218.
DEVELOPING LEADERSHIP 1.
Make a chart showing the important events and date of each as found in this unit. Illustrate with pictures.
Give an imaginary account of the long trip back under the leadership of Nehemiah.
Compare the first temple with the rebuilt one under Zerubbabelj by preparing a round table discussion.
Make a short talk on leadership as displayed by the three leaders of the unit.
MAST E R Y CHECK-UP
Do you know these men?
UNIT TEN STRUGGLING IN THE REPOSSESSED HOMELAND ANALYSIS OF THE UNIT Objective To see how character is developed under difficult circum stances . Elements of the Unit 1.
The various foreign powers which controlled
the land of Palestine during this unit. 2.
The struggle for religious liberty and freedom
under such powers. 3.
The preparation of the stage for the incoming
THINGS TO CONSIDER 1.
What countries ruled Palestine during this unit? How long did each rule?
What important accomplishment was made by the Maccabean family? How did they become rulers?
How did the Roman rule set the stage for the coming of Christ?
WHERE THE STORIES ARE FOUND Basic accounts: Tidwell, The Bible Period by Period, p p 219-236 -------
56 Hailey, Pocket Bible Handbook, pp.
USING WHAT YOU LEARNED 1.
Write some newspaper stories showing how the various governments took control of Palestine.
Dramatize the various Jewish groups that formed during this period.
Re-enact the Maccabean Revolt.
Write a play showing how the world was prepared for the coming of Christ.
MASTERY CHECK-UP Do you know these? 1.
Alexander the Great
A P P E N D I X
APPENDIX AN OVER ALL VIEW OF THE BIBLE Books of the Bible 39 in the Old Testament 27 in the New Testament 66 books in the entire Bible Divisions and Grouping of the Books of the Bible Law History
Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy Joshua, Judges, Ruth, 1 and 2 Samuel, 1 and 2 Kings, 1 and 2 Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah, Esther.
Job, Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Solomon
Isaiah, Jeremiah, Lamentations, Ezekiel, Daniel
Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Babakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi
Literary Style Many different types of literary style are included in the books of the Bible.
Some books are historical, as Exodus,
some dramatic, as Job, some romantic, as Ruth, some bio graphical, as Mark, some philosophical, as Ecclesiastes, and some are poetical as Psalms.
Time of Writing From the time the first book was written by Moses until the last book was written by John, was about sixteen hundred years.
Original Languages of the Bible The Old Testament was written in Hebrew.
A few chapters
were written in Aramaic. The New Testament was written in Greek.
Author and Authors Many human authors were inspired by God to write the Bible.
touvERSiTY OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA LIBRARY