A manual Greek lexicon of the New Testament

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MANUAL GREEK LEXICON OF THE

NEW TESTAMENT

Al34m A

MANUAL GREEK LEXICON OF THE

NEW TESTAMENT

GfABBOTT-SMITH, NEW TESTAMENT LITERATURE

D.D., D.G.L.

THE MONTREAL DIOCESAN THEOLOGICAL COLLEGE AND ASSISTANT PROFESSOR IN THE ORIENTAL DEPARTMENT IN MCGILL LNIVERSITV

PROFESSOR OF

Edinburgh: ^8 George Street

TT -l

.

Xr OC

1

.

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IN

D"

A ix IV V_ 1_< rV

1922

-!*: Stationers' Hall

PRINTED

IN

GREAT

BRITAIN.

TO MY WIFE

PREFACE new Gi'cek-English Lexicon of the New Thayer's monumental hardly be questioned. work, deservedly the standard for more than thirty years past, and, supplemented by later literature, still likely to remain a standard of reference for some time to come, was rather too bulky to serve as a table companion to the New A smaller book, which Testament for the average man. would lend itself more readily to constant reference, has been a real and growing want for the student. This want has been enhanced by the progress of lexical study during the last quarter century. The study of vernacular texts, which in recent years received a new impetus through the discovery of vast numbers of non-literary papyri, chiefly in Egypt, has removed all doubt as to the category to which the language of the New Testament belongs. It is now abundantly clear that the diction of the apostolic writers is not a peculiar isolated idiom, characteristic of Jewish Hellenists, but simply the common speech of the Greek-speaking world at the tune when the New Testament books were

The need

of

Testament

will

a

written.

Vhile the statement just made has come to be a commonplace, it has not been so for long. There has arisen, therefore, the need not only of the collection and arrangement in convenient form (a need which is now being supplied for the advanced scholar in Moulton and Milligan's Vocabulary of the Greek Testament) of the results of pioneer study in the papyri, but also of a systematic revision, in the light of recent research, of many of the views regarding the diction and vocabulary of the Testament which were

New

commonly accepted thirty or even twenty years ago. The considerations therefore so well set forth by Dr. Moulton in his Prolegomena which call for an entirely new grammar of the New Testament, apply also to the work of the Lexicographer. And the materials for his work still







vm

PREFACE



have been liberally furnished by the steadily accumulating special studies of Deissmann and Thumb in Germany and Moulton and Milligan in Great Britam and have also found their way into the more recent commentaries. The nevv^ impulse given to the study of the Septuagint by the publication of the Oxford Concordance by Hatch and Redpath, the Cambridge Manual Edition of the Septuagint and its accompanying Introduction by Dr. Swete, together with the Grammar of Mr. Thackeray, has also had its influence on New Testament studies. While Dr. Abbott's caution as to the possibility of exaggerating the influence of the Septuagint still holds good, the evidence of the papyri has brought about a growing sense of its value to the student of the New Testament. More reference therefore has been made, it is believed, in this Lexicon to the usage of the Septuagint than in any previous work of the same kind, so that even where there may not appear to be any special significance in the Old Testament usage with respect to a particular word, the student will always have an idea of the extent and character ^

which was made of it in that version which was the most familiar form of the Old Testament to the writers of the New. The books mentioned in the list which follows are, out of a larger number to which I would register here a general acknowledgement of indebtedness, those which appeared to be, on the whole, the more accessible and useful to the average reader. Among the Lexicons, an almost equal debt is owed to Liddell and Scott and to Thayer. The classification of meanings in the latter, a characteristic excellence, often defies improvement, while Preuschen, though on the whole adding little to the work of his predecessors, is often helpful in this same particular. Not a few suggestions of fresh treatment have come from Fr. Zorell, S.J. whose scholarly work is quite modern and remarkably free from the ecclesiastical bias which one might have expected to find in it. Of the commentaries, besides those available to Thayer, the most helpful for lexical purposes have been those of Hort, of the use

,

Swete and Mayor in Macmillan's Series, also the International Critical Commentaries, especially the more recent issues. Some of Bishop Lightfoot's best lexical work is to be found in his posthumous Notes on Epistles of St. Paid, while Dr. Field's Notes on the Translation of the Neir Testament, contain a wealth of learning and sound judgment ^Essays, 67

.

-

tSBFACE

ix

such as would be hard to parallel within the limits of a single volume. On points of grammar, references are mainly made to Dr. Moulton's ProleguJtiena and the English Translation of Blass, as the most recent and convenient of first-rate authorities.

A brief treatment is given of the more important synonyms, in the belief that while classical distinctions cannot always be pressed in late and colloquial usage, it is an advantage to know something of the distinctive features of synonymous words as traceable in their etymology and hterary history. For the text of the New Testament the standard adopted is that of Moulton and Geden's Concordance,^ which, as the latest and best work of its kind, is likely to remain the recognised authority for many years to come. The Greek text followed therefore is that of Westcott and Hort, with which are compared the texts of the Eighth Edition of Tischendorf and of the English Revisers, the marginal readings of each From the Textus Receptus as such, no being included. reading which modern editors have rejected is as a rule recorded, except in cases where a word would otherwise be dropped from the vocabulary of the New Testament. Sometimes, also, reference is made to a reading of the Receptus to which some particular interest is attached. The asterisks and daggers in the margin follow, with the kind permission of the publishers and Mr. Geden, the notation There is, however, the one difference, of the Concordance. that whereas in Moulton and Geden the time limit marked by the dagger is the beginning of the Christian era, it seemed better for the purpose of the Lexicon to include in the category of " late Greek " all words found only in Greek writers after the time of Aristotle. It remains to express in general terms my grateful acknowledgement to colleagues and friends in McGill University with its attiliated Theological Colleges and in my own Alma Mater, the University of Bishop's College, Lennoxville, as well as to many English friends, in Cambridge and elsewhere, who have given me valued advice and encouragement. All these will pardon me if I single out for special mention the one name of Dr. J. H. INIoulton, the genial master-crafts^A Concordance to tlic Greek Ti'stiunent, by Rev. W. F, Mouitou, M..\., D.D., and Rev. A. S. Gedeu, M.A. Second Edition. T. & T. Clark, 18'J'J. ^ bee below, p. xvi.

PEEFACB

man

of that science to which I have sought in a humble way underwhat I could. At the beginning of

my

to contribute

taking he took me in, a stranger, and gave me ungrudgingly of his counsel and direction, and also my first introduction to the publishers through whom the appearance of the work under the best possible auspices was assured. To the manifold assistance I have had from fellow- workers, both by word of mouth and through the printed page I would fain attribute most of the value which this modest effort may possess. For its deficiencies I am alone responsible, and I can only hope that in spite of them this book may sustain the note sounded in the last word in the alphabetical order and may of the New Testament Vocabulary serve in a small way to the more faithful and intelligent study of the Book of the New Covenant of our Lord and Saviour in the language in which it was written.



The foregoing paragraphs were written

early in 1917, sheets of the Lexicon, they were sent The manuscript has thus been inoverseas for publication. accessible for revision, whence the absence of any reference to much valuable material that has appeared, both in books and in periodicals, during the last four years, including the second volume of the Grammar of Dr. Moulton, whose tragic death as a victim of the ruthless warfare of the submarines was reported a few days after the earlier part of this Preface was written. The student is recommended to supplement the grammatical references in the body of the Lexicon by consulting the Index to Vol. II. of Dr. Moulton's Grammar. I take this opportunity of adding to the acknowledgements already made my thanks to Professors A. R. Gordon and S. B. Slack of McGill University and to the Rev. R. K. Naylor, sometime classical tutor at McGill, for their kindness in proof-reading, to the publishers for their generous enterprise at a time of unprecedented difficulty in the production of books, and to the compositors and readers of the Aberdeen University Press for their painstaking and accurate

when, with the

performance of a

last

difficult task.

G. MONTBEAL, September, 1921.

ABBOTT-SMITH.

ABBREVIATIONS

LIST

I.

absol. ace. act.

ad

fin.

adj. adv. al.

aor,

Apocr.

App.

Aram. Att. bibl.

bis c.

= absolute. = accusative. = active. = ad finom, = adjective. = adverb. = alibi (elsewhere). = aorist. = Apocrypha. = Appendix. = Aramaic. = Attic. = biblical.

compar.

comparative.

contr. dat.

— =

dative.

e.g.

=

exempli

el.

cogu.

imp v.

= twice. = cum (with). = = = =

cf.

GENERAL.

confer {comjMre) classics, classical.

cognate. contracted. gratia

(fur

stajice).

ecol. csp. ex.

exc. f,

if.

fig.

frcq. fut.

gen.

Gk. Heb. i.e.

ib.

id.

impers. impf.

= ecclesiastical, = especially. = example, = except, = and following (verso). = (verses), „ = figurative, = frequent, = future, = genitive. = Greek. = Hebrew, = id est. = in the same place. = the same, = impersonal, = imperfect. ,,

iii-

Xll

LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS II.

BIBLICAL•.

LIST OF ABBEEVIATIONS

. ANCIENT WEITERS. (i/, ii/,

etc.

=

1st,

= Acliau, ii/A.U. Ael. = iEscliylus, v/B.C. .^8ch. ^schin. = ^schines, iv/B.C. Anth. Antonin. Apoll.

--

=

Aural. .Antoninus, ii/A.D. Apollonius Rliodius,

=-

ii/B.C. Aristotle, iv/B.C.

Rhod. Arist.

Anthology.

= M.

Aristoph.

=

Ath.

=

Aristophanes, v/B.C. Athanasius, iv/A.D.

GIG

= Corpus

Die Cass.

= Dio Cassius, ii/A.D. = Diodorus Siculus, i/B.C. = Diogenes Laertius,

Died. Diog.

Inscriptiomim Graecarum.

ii/A.D.

Laert.

=

Dionysius

of Halicarnassus, i/B.C. - Dioscorides, i-ii Diosc. -^ Euripides, v/B.C. Eur. Eustath. = EusUthius, xii/A.D. -- Flavins Josopluis, i/A.D. FIJ = Gregory of Naxianzus, Greg. iv/A.D. Naz. - Herodotus, v/B.C. Hdt. = Heliod. Heliodorus, iv/.\.D.

Dion. H.

/..

2nd ceutury, Herni.

etc.)

Xlll

LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS

XIV

Dalman, Wurds

-=

The Words T.

DAC

=

DB

=

DB

1-vol.

=

Deiss.,

BS

=

Deiss.,

LAE

=

EB Edwards, Lex.

of Jesus, by G. T. Clark, 1902.

Dal man.

English Edition.

Dictionary of the Apostolic Church, edited by J. Hastiugs. Vol. I. T. & T. Clark, 1915. Dictionary of the Bible, edited by J. Hastiugs. 5 vols. = c.rt. (i-iv, extra vol.). T. & T. Clark, 1898-1904. Dictionary of the Bible (in one volume), by J. Hastings. T.

=

DCG

&

&

T. Clark, 1909.

Dictionary of Christ and the Gospels, edited by J. Hastings. 2 vols. T. & T. Clark, 1907-Os. Bible Studies, by G. A. Deissmann. Second English Edition, including Bibelstudien and Neue Bibelstudien, tr. by A. Grieve. T. & T. Clark, 1909. Light from the Ancient East, by A. Deissmann, tr. by L. R. M. Strachan. Second Edition. Hodder, 1906.

= Encyclopedia Biblica. 4 vols. = An English -Greek Lexicon,

London, 1899-1903. G. M. Edwards.

by

Camb., 1912.

EGT Ellic.

= Expositor's Greek Testament. = Commentary on St. Paul's Epistles,

Enc. Brit.

=

Exp. Times

=

Field, Notes

=

Gifford, Inc.

Grimm-Thayer

= The Incarnation, = A Greek-English

Hatch, Essays

=

Hort

= Commentaries

by C. J. Ellicott. Andover, 1860-65. Camb. Encyclopsedia Britannica. Eleventh Edition. Univ. Press, 1910. The Expository Times, edited by J. Hastings. T. & T. Clark, 1890 S. Notes on the Translation of the N.T., by F. Field,

Camb., 1899. by E. Gifford. Hodder, 1897. Lexicon of the N.T., being Grimm's Wilke's Clavis Novi Testamenti, tr. by J. H. Thayer. New York, 1897. Essays in Biblical Greek, by Edwin Hatch. Oxford. 1889.

on the Greek Text

of the Epistle of St.

James (li-4") The First Epistle of St. Peter (l»-2i') and the Apocalypse of St. John (1-3), by F. J. A. ;

Interp. Coinm.

= =

Jannaris

=

Hort. Macmillan, 1898-1909. International Critical Commentary. T. & T. Clark. Interpreter's Commentary. N.Y., Barnes & Co. A Historical Greek Grammar, by A. N. Jannaris.

JThS

= =

Macmillan, 1897. Journal of Theological Studies. London, 1899 ff. T. Sources of N.T. Greek, by H. A. A. Kennedy.

&

=

T. Clark, 1895. Ausfiihrliche Grammatik der griechischen Sprache,

by

ICC

Kennedy, Sources Kiihnei•^

R. Kuhner. Third Edition, by F. Gerth, 4 vols., 1890-1904. Lft.

Blass and

= Commentaries on

St. Paul's Epistles to the Philippians (Third Edition, 1873) and Philemon (1892). by J. B. Macmillan. Also Apostolic Fathers, by

(1892) sians

5 vols. Lft., Notes

=

LS

=A

Mayor

=

;

;

B.

Galatians

and

ColosLightfoot.

the same.

Macmillan, 1890.

Notes on Epistles

MacmiUau,

of

St.

Paul, by

J.

B.

Lightfoot.

1895.

Greek-English Lexicon, by H. G. Liddell and R. Scott. Seventh Edition. Harper, 1889. Commentaries on the Epistle of St. James (Third Edition, 1910). and the Epistle of St. Jude and the Second Kpistle of St. Peter. Macmillan, 1907.

;

LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS

XV

Grammatik der

gr. Papyri aus der Ptolemaerzeit, by E. Mayser. Leipzig, 1906. The Gospel according to St. Matthew, by A. H. M'Neile. Macmillan, 1915. Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the N.T., by H. A. W. Meyer. Eng. tr., T. & T. Clark, 1883. Selections from the Greek Papyri, by G. Milligan.

Mayser M'Neile

Meyer Milligan, Selections

Cambridge, 1910.

MM (xi-xxv)

M, Pr.

Lexical Notes from the Papyri, by J. H. Moulton and and G. Milligan. Expositor VII, vi, 567 ff. VIII, iv, 5G1 1. The Vocabulary of the Greek Testament, by J. H. Moulton and G. Milligan. Pait I (a) Part II -S). Hodder, 1914-15 (remaining parts in preparation). A Grammar of N.T. Greek. Vol. I, Prolegomena, by

M, Th.

St. Paul's Epistles to the Thessalonians,

Moffatt

Moffatt, An Introduction to the Literature of the N.T. T. & T. Clark, 1911. The Psalter of the Church, by F. W. Mozley, Cambridge, 1905. The New Testament Documents, by G. Milligan.

MM

:

(s.v.)

:

{

;

J.

H. Moulton.

gan.

Third Edition.

T.

& T.

Clark, 1908.

by G. Milli-

Macmillan, 1908.

James

Mozley, Ps.

NTD

Macmillan, 1913.

Page

:

The Acts

of

the Apostles, by T, E. Page.

Macmillan,

1903.

Rackham

The

Acts

the

of

Apostles,

by R.

B.

Rackham.

Methuen, 1901.

Bamsay,

St.

Paul

Paul the Traveller and the

St.

Roman

Citizen,

by

W. M. Ramsay.

Kendall

Hodder, 1895. The Epistle to the Hebrews, by F. Rendall.

Rutherford, NPhr.

The New Phrynichus, by W. G. Rutherford,

Schmidt

J.

Mac-

millan, 1911.

Mac-

millan, 1881.

H. Heinrich Schmidt, Synonymik der Griechischen Sprache.

Simcox Soph., Lex.

Swete

Thackeray, Gr.

4 vols.

W. H. Simcox,

the Language of the

--

Thayer

Grimm-Thayer,

Thumb, Handb.

Handbook Thumb.

of

q.v.

Tr.,

Syn.

&

T, Clark, 191l>.

Die Griechische Sprache im Zeitalter des Helleuismus, von A. Thumb. Strassburg, 1901.

Hellen.

Tdf., Pr.

Modern Greek Vernacular, by A. from the Second German Edition by

the

Tr. S. Angus. T.

Thumb,

Leips., 1876-1886.

New Testament. Second Edition. Hodder, 1892. Greek Lexicon of the Roman and Byzantine Periods, by E. A. Sophocles. Scribners, 1900. = Commentaries on the Gospel according to St. Mark (Third Edition, 1909) and the Apocalypse of St. John, by H. B. Swete. Macmillan, 1906. A Grammar of the O.T. in Greek I, by H. St. J. Thackeray. Cambridge, 1909. =

:

Novum Testamentum

Graece, C. Tischeudorf. Editio octava critica maior. Vol III, Prolegomena, by C. R. Gregory. Leipzig, 1894. Synonyms of the N. T. by R. C. Trench. Ninth Edition. ,

Macmillan, 1880.

Vau.

St.

Veitch

Greek

Romans, by C. P. Vaughan. Macmillan, 1S85. and Defective, by W. Veilcli,

Paul's Epistle to the

Sixth Edition.

\'erbs, Irregular

Oxford, 1887.

XVI

LIST

Viteau

Etude sur

Ol•'

Verbe:

Westc.

WH

WM WS Zorell

grec du N.T., by J. Viteau. Vol. I, Le Syntaxe do.s Propositions, Paris, 1893;

le

Sujot Complement et Attribut, 1896. T. G. Dickson, A Handbook to Modern Greek. Second Edition. Macmillan, 1904. Commentaries tm tlie Gospel aceording to St. John, by B. F. Westcott, :i Vols., Murray, 1908; the Epistle to the Ephesians, Macmillan, 1906; the Epistles of St. John, Third Edition, IMacmillan, 1892. The N.T. in the original Greek, by B. F. Westcott and F. J. A. Hort. Vol. II, Introduction and Appendix. Vol.

VD, MGr.

AJ5l'.EEVIATI0NS

E.

II.,

:

Viment and

Macmillan, 1881. of N.T. Greek, tr. from G, B. Winer's 7th Edition, with large additions, by W. F. Moulton. Third Edition. T. & T. Clark, 1882. Grammatik des ueutestamcntliehen Sprachidioms, von G. B. Winer, 8te Aufl. von P. W. Schmiedel. Gottingcn, 1894. Novi Testamenti Lexicon Graecum (Cursus Scripturae Sacrae I, vii), auctore Fr. Zorell, S.J. Paris, 1911.

A Grammar

* A single asterisk at the beginning of an article denotes (as in Moulton and Geden's Concordance) that the word to which it is attached is not found in the LXX or other Greek Versions of the O.T. and Apocrypha. ** A double asterisk similarly affixed denotes that the word occure either in the Apocrj-pha or in the later Greek Versions of the O.T., but not in the LXX Version of the Hebrew Canonical books, and therefore either has, as a rule, no (knovn) Hebrew equivalent, or else was used in a translation not known to the N.T. writers. The later Greek versions (Aq., etc.) are cited, as a rule, only when a word is not found in LXX. * A single asterisk placed after a list of passages from the LXX signifies that the word occurs nowhere else in that V'ersion. + A dagger at the beginning of an article denotes that the word is not found in Greek writers of the classical period. t A dagger at the close of an article signifies that all the instances of the

word's occuri'ence in the N.T. have been cited. An inferior numeral after a biblical book number of times a word occurs in that book.

(e.g.

iii

Macg) indicates the

'

MANUAL GREEK LEXICON OF THE NEW TESTAMENT "^*"

^^^•^'

''"'

i"^ecl., alpha, the first letter of the

1 I, u'."' alphabet As a numeral, a

=

=



Greek

1000. As a prefix, it appears at least two and perhaps three distinct senses: 1. a- (before a vowel, a.-) mf/atire, as in J -.^.. 2. -, - copulative indicating community and fellowship, as in a-heo, 3. An mtnmire force (LS, s. a), as in is sometimes cuimes assumed (but v. Boisacq, s.v.). (Heb. inqx), indecl. (in FIJ, ) 4^^ Aaron to

1,

have

, I

:

-,

s.v.)

25^.t

:

[in

811

chiefly for "^^5

[in

(Cremer, 18;

omit), 201» -ov,

hi.;]

cmnowice, req^ort:

to

s.v.).t

LXX

[in

b,

a mes-

;]

s.v.).t

for 133

[in

-!'

chiefly for

a vessel

;]

chiefly for

^^)

messenger, one

1.

;]

ssnt Mt 11^", Ja 2". 2. As in LXX, in the special sense of angel, a spiritual, heavenly being, attendant upon God and employed as his messenger to men, to make known his purposes, as Lk 1^\ or to execute them, as Mt 4•^. The a. in Re 1-•^ 2^, al., is variously understood as (1) a messenger or delegate, (2) a bishop or ruler, (3) a guardian angel, (4) the prevailing spirit of each church, i.e. the :

Church

MM, VGT,

;

5, -, ,

,

like

Mk

to

-7;,

Lk

8=^••^'

recorded pedigree *

LXX

« ),

', ,

5ii'i3^

*t

[in

>'5,

«=^.t

-ov

(cf.

-' (,ui,-^'J

15i«,

Mt 23i'' ^'\ ii Ti 2-' of persons Christ, make conformahle in character to such free from guilt, i Co 6^', Eph 5-'', He 2^^ :

;

by actual sanctification of

131^; internally,

Ac 20" 26l^ Ro

:

Co

i

1-

V\

life,

Re 22" Christian, i Co 7^'.

Th

1

Pe

,

31" t

(Cremer, 53, G02 -oD,

/,

MM, VGT,

« ^), ;

:

Mt

11-,

6'•',

s.v.).t

LXX

[in

17i'•^•',

of

;

;

Jo

a non3. In the (a) of things,

5-=*,

believer influenced by marriage with a intermediate sense of ceremonial or levitical purification 4. to treat as holy : II Ti 2-1 (b) of persons. He 9^=*. I

5

:

Ez

45' (Wipu), Hi

7^',

-,

it signifies properly the proas an active verbal noun in ;] cess TO aytfz^€ii/, rather than the resultant state, nyLoxTvyrj, hence, 6''•''-- (but v. Meyer), 1. conaecration; 2. sanctification: so strictly in Ro

etc.

I

Co

1="\

(Ellic. I

Th

Th

I

but I Ti

;

4•',

4=*'", II

He

2'•'',

12l^

i

Pe

2'•'

I27"lp

Th.,

{garded, pioperly, as

boul), [in

LXX for

,

3

(;] ,

tJw bent

etc.;]

(

flsJi-

, ,

MANUAL GKEEK LEXICON OF THE NEW TESTAMENT

6 **

Ac

272•'' ='«

*+

-as,

;

/ /

),

,

,,

(-5.t

7=*"

speech

in

LXX

oil), [in

33, II

', €,

Ti•.,

of

and

Ps 30

:

52.t

(13),

*;]

give

^tp),

;]

a

shetcilKJ

assume, undertake

1. to (jive

yield,

He

11*'^.

forth, send

hand over (MM,

23=^».+

**t^'-,

-, [in Al. Ge 45-"*;] to live again, regain life (cf. cl. Cremer, 722 and tor other exx., v. MM, VGT, s.v.) of sin, Ro 7".+ metaph. of moral revival, Lk 15'-•* (WH, mg., -, [in LXX Jb 3' (m-n), 10« (tzrpn pi.), Mac 13-i * ;] to look for or seek carefully (" specially of searching for human beings, with an implication of difficulty": MM, VGT, s.v.): Lk 2^^''^ :

);

;

;

-€',

Ac

:

' % - «^,

ll^-'.t

+ fig., T.

**

^-^^, .

[in

'-••€', -

afresh: metaph., l•]-/.

am (ms

17-'

VGT, +

LXX

Stai'Otas,

8'->,

a votive offering

-, , V.

),

Pr 29^^

(31^")

LXX

[in

()*

(as

:

I

Mac

Si 5*;] to revive:

), ^,

^77/

Pr., 46).

2.

to

;]

13' *

MM, VGT, LXX: Ps 27

flourish), [in

Wi 4^

( and

;

, , , 2"^

2.

a rising from

Ac

I22 2»' 4»»,

1.)

£«

;

He ll^*

Lk

151•!, 13,21,42^

Lk '"*

Lk

of Christ

12'*^. 23,

v€KpCn',

S.V.):

33,

42

;

36^

(c)

Jo

;

Eo"

Pe

I

1^

Phi

6*, ;

the

(b)

14*,

La

3"^

raising

1.

v.

(v.

DCG,

ii,

Pe

321

.

i

of persons in

;

i$

OT hist,

of the general resurrection Mt 222^• 2s a"^ 1124^ Ac 17's 23« 24'*, 11 Ti 2'«; e\Mt 223', Ac 17=*2 23", 242' 2623, :

.

He 62; . .+

causal, in iut.

from death, Jo :

Mt

22^•*,

Ac

6^^,

32-'. -6,

mid. and 2 aor act. (a) to rise : from lying, Mk l^* 4}^ pleonastically, as Heb. to leave a place, Mt 9^ Dip, before verbs of going, Mk 10', al. (v. Dalman. Words, 23; Mt 17'•', M, Pr., 14); of the dead, Mt 17'3, Mk 8"; seq. and Mk 9^; {b) to arise, appear: Ac 5•'", Eo 15'-' (cf. i-, e'i-

2. Intrans., in

from

v.

sitting,

Lk

Cremer, 306, 738

Syn.

:

€*.

;

;

;

;

MM, VGT,

s.v.).

,,

t

;; :

MANUAL GKEEK LEXICON OF THE NEW TESTAMENT

",

-tt5,

Lk

3'^

Jo

{Heb.

»'/

Ac

^^

IB^•'•

-'9,

Anna, a prophetess: Lk

nsrij,

"'?,

-a (FIJ,

Act/as,

-),

(Ileb.

89

2^'"\t

the high priest

jiFl), .l?ma.s•,

4•'.+

-ov (a- neg.,

i/or/T05

'),

ind (v.

:

c. dat.,

DB,

ttKuSpos, -ov

ext.,

. .

366

(,

a senator

{
, *+-€., ?,

7},

where). +

seq.

Ac

niNSW, as Nu U'^; and a trial (MM, Exp., xi) a way EV, the partings of the hu^h-

chiefly for

,

.

, ^

,

consider, reflect:

of the conclusion of in Jos ;] in out through, an outlet; pi., .

freq

^

.,

depon.,

+ '

-

:

;

« /7;.'.'), anCo .

interpreter:

interpretation:

i

12^^ L,

I

Co

txt.

-..•'s

14-

(not

+ .T

else-

-cp^',

+

LXX

[in

Mac

II

:

interpret; (a) to exjjlain, expound: 14, 13, 27 to translate: Ac 9=^«.t .

,

GREEK LEXICON OF THE NEW TESTAMENT

.VTANUAL

^

-^,

1^'^*;]

intensive of 24-^; absol

Lk

ace,

c.

i

115

Co

12•*'^

],

LXX

Si [in for -QX, Xin, etc.;] 1. to (jo throiujh, pass through; (a) of things: Mt iu-', Mk 10-^^ Lk 2^^, al.; (b) of peraons: Lk 19*; c. ace. loc., Lk 19', He 4:^\ Ac 12"^; seq'. c gen. loc, Mt 12 », i Co 10^ seq. ek, Mk 4=^•^ ?9, Lk 2i••. 2. to about: Lk 9'\ Ac 20-•'; of a report, to spread, go abroad (Thuc.) ;

Lk

;

S'•"•.

*8-€, -,

find by inquiry

to

?, «4 LXX: ??), Mt «Ac;?), LXX -^,, -, LXX He

**

-es

,

years.

2.

t

sjjace

years old

tivo

Mac

ii

10•**;]

or neuter

(sc. ttulSos,

8.

:

ace, Ac 10'".+

c.

:

?7os), [in

two

lasti^ig

1.

cf

;

.

i

Ch

27^=*,

2''\ +

-as,

[in

of tiuo years

{Ch-cec. Veu.)

Ge

:

41' 45^ *

;]

24-" 28=*^.+

:

[in chiefly for -|Bd pi. ;] to set out in detad, recount, describe: absol. ll»^; c. ace. rei Ac 8='^• c dat pers., seq. 5'«, Ac 9-^7 1217. - Jg^^^ j^ji, rj,. .^^ eVoiWi -a/

Lk

, Mk

8•'^

9"\+

'

-5,

(),

-fo)s,

freq. in

'

«

r)

Si (6^^ al),

,

Mac

11

« /,

2•'-

*''"-'5, exx., V. Deiss., +

-e's

unbroken, continwiis

BS,

('9,

aor. of

7='

'^;]

10'-

'^-

T^^*

[in

-;?

-), -/,

(Rec. go through, penetrate: (Rec. etc.;]

, , to set apart,

intervene

He

-),

:

divided into

tiuo seas

/jas

[in

*

Ez

:

5'

{pbu

Lk

pf.

22^'•' ;

and

plpf.

hi.,

Pr

pi.),

Ex

0/

26-«*;] to

17'•'

(TID

make an

to

€-'\ Co V\ Phi 3^^ al.; . r. ^£oO, Mt 22-'•', Mk 12^•*, Ro 1-^, al.; opp. to Ti 3••; in doxologies, Re 4^1 7^^ al.; iv 8., Mk 9\ Lk 4•^'"•, Ho 1^ al. of the power of performing miracles, Ac "^, ii Th 2'••; pi., Mt 13•''*, Mk 6^*, Ga S•', al. of the force or meaning of a word (Plat., al.j, i Co 14". By meton., of persons or things; (a) of God, Mt 26"*, Mk 14•^- (Dalman, Words, 200 ff.) {b) of angels, Ro 8•^^ Eph V\ i Pe 3^-' (c) of armies, .,

ib.

.,

;

II

1**;

of

;

1*=^

;

;

•;,

;

;

;

;

pi.

[LXX r/

;

SYX.: 218, 236;

,,

6•'''

tum,

i,

ivtpyiia,

616;

*t

Ro

WH,

txt.,

, .Ac

-

("o 9^^;

25•'';

Co

12'-'.

DCG,

-y,

(tt, Ro 13^-, He 10'-•'; Phi 2='"; of time, Ja5^; Lk 22' Ac V~ Mt 21=^•*, Lk 21«; Lk 21'^^^ aTroAuVpojo-ts, Lk 21-*' r]yyiK(.v €9, I Pe 4'

near

:

:

, , ?, , ^ ,

;

7^••'

?,

,

€,:?,

;

;

.

(for similar

', -,

Mk

10\

ll^

Lk

He

7•--

(exx.

£,

19-"'^-;

Ac

V.S.

c.

metaph., pf/Ma,

Jo

2'=^

24'=' (cf.

;

,

LXX:

[in

17,

adv.,

II

Mac

Ac

dat.,

, ,

€€9, [in

Mt

V.S.

Jo

:

His,

54^

e.

:

€.,

-(>"•"

r/

22i•'

21^

Mac

LXX Da LXX

[in

LXX;

[in

pi. (Bl., § 32, 6),

5•',

ii

that lohich is

1.

ii

1•*^ 10•^=**;]

ICC,

15-'-• 2r-i••, i

Rec),

(-eta,

Col 3"

(Cremer, 390).t



hireliny),

^

an

idolater

(Cremer, 709).t

LXX

[in

for

D^bli??,

,

etc.;]

{b) an image in the mind, an image of a god, an idol Ac 7^', i Co 12-, Re 9-"; {b) the false god or image [ICC, on i Th, I.e.) Ac l5-", Ro 2'--,

a jihantom, image, likeness;

cl. (a)

an

2. In idea, fancy. (cf. Polyb., xxxi, 3, 13) idol worshipped in an I Co 8^-" 10"•', II Co 6'",

:

etKTJ

Mac

I

Ki Sl^^

-ov

TO,

:

/,

in

Es

I

I

Jo "",

€/),

() of abstract ideas; (c) of ethical purity: Phi 1^", 11 Pe 3'.t cf. Tr., Syn., v^ Ixxxv DB, iv, 170»*; SvN. : (q.v.), (q.v.), the/();v/i

**

eiXiKpiki'is,

LXX

, :

;

Cremer, 378; Westc. on

i

.lo

3='.

;

;

:

MANUAL GEEEK LEXICON OF THE NEW TESTAMENT

132 ** 725

€>'

, ,

A*;]

(liec,

sincerity,

-),

cl.,

pur ity

Co

i

:

-as,

5*^,

(, Mt IG-'s, Lk 1&^, Jo 3^ 0-, Eo etc. (a) there is (Fr. il y a), was, etc.

^

;

{)

;

,

,

;

:

;

310, al.;

Eo c.

=

inf.,

§ 37, 3), Mt I622, uVris (chiefly in pi.), Mt 16'« I92,

the possessor; Bl.,

c. dat. (of

92, al.;

OS,

efcartv (q.v.),

is

it

possihle

He

:

9^,

Lk

1^,

Mk

9\

Jo

ISi»,

al.;

Co 11-'^, EV and predicate.

{h)

(but v.

i

II. As copula uniting subject 1. ExICC, in 1.). pressing simply identity or equivalence Mt 5'^ 14^'', Lk 1^^' ^^, Jo 1^ 41^, Ee 3'•^, al. mult. 2. Explicative, as in parable, figure, type, etc. lanv^^lt 27^«, Mt 13i9«•, I Co 92 10* 1125, Ga 42*, Ee 17^5^ al.; Mk S^^, Col 12*, He 72, al. akin to this is Mk 72, Eo 718, al. the sacramental usage; Mt 2626.28, Mk 1422.-24, Lk 22i9, i Co 112^ (v. ICC on Mk, I Co, 11. c. DB, iii, 148 f.). 3. C. gen. qual., etc., Mk 5*2, Lk 323, I Co 1433, He 12^1, al. part., i Ti I20, 11 Ti 1^5 poss., Mt o-'- 10, Mk 12' Lk 47 of service or partisanship, Eo 8», i Co 1^2, Co 10", 9^5, Eo 4^2, i Co l^» i, Eo 12^». 10, He 135, al. 6. Seq. ei's (cf. Heb. (c) c. ptcp. aor. (cl), Lk 23». :

,

;

;

;

:

;

;

;

,

:

;

;

;

;

!?

7.

;),

a vernac. usage (M, Pr., 71)

C. adv.:

copula

Mt

,

§ 30,

(Bl.,

predicate:

1

''3K),

Mk

192»,

Mk

13^,

3):

Jo

19^,

Mk

He

10^,

18^1, al. 8. Ellipses; 82» 24^2, Jo 2122.23, 6^ al.;

He

Mt Mt

42*5,

Mt

:

Lk

426,

142',

al. (cf.

^k

-,

6^0,

al.;

absol.

(cf.

8^^

al.

(a)

of the

{h)

of the 323»:

De

-, --, -€.

h-,

eiveKCV, V.S. eveKa. €i--nrep,

',

elirov,

-,

V.S.

el.

2 aor. of obsol. pres.

(cf.

Veitch),

used as aor. of

q.v.

V.S.

et.

{ 7'^ 3•^ 13"'' fig., of a

: ^, (, ), of a hand, foot,

Ro

),«-', branch,

II

11^-';

Co

18^

5=^"

seq.

,

;

Mt

a tree,

Ro

Lk

metaph.,

ll^*;

'•*

;

Jb

(cf.

r.

19'",

ir-'.+

[in

LXX

for

Ge

,

44''''

upon; mid., i^g., which implies a pres. Veitch, S.V. Lk 19•*^ +

£-6, Lk

**^-€,

-,

19***

[in

(WH,

*

;]

to

hamj from or

WH

uKovwv (Rec. read otherwise unknown cf. ;

;

V.S.

LXX:

Jth

for

hi., etc.;]

11'•'*;]

to

speak out,

>

divuhie: J

Ac23-"-'.f

£-,

LXX

[in

**€-^'^',

[in

mid., to forget utterly

€-^,

Sm. :

LXX

[in

to shine

Ps 12(13)-*;]

:

He

3

12''.

chiefly for

;]

to

Mt

forth:

esca.pe

notice

13'«=*.t

utterly;

pick out, choose.

to

always mid. (exc. Lk 9=*-\ eVAeXey/xeVos, WH, out for oneself, choose (cf. M, Pr., 157 f.)

In

NT

:>;09,

R, mg.), to pick c. ace. rei, Lk 10•*- 14^; c. ace. pers., Ac IS-'-^•"; of Christ (v. supr.), Lk '^ of Christ's choice of disciples, Lk '», Jo 6"" 13i** '"' i», Ac I2 of the Divine choice of persons, Mk 13-", Ac 1-^ 13'^ 15', Eph l^ Ja 2•^ of things I Co 1-"'-^ (Cremer, 402, 773). :

6•''•

;

;

:

^-, LXX nbs DIS have Lk •;, /?, Lk Lk £-€05, « [in

in all

fiil

:

for

1. trans., to

;]

Pi•

Thuc,

17^

;

\

,

etc.,

47 ditferent words

2. Intrans., to leave ojf, cease,

)/,

He

li-'(LXX); of the

sun

in

23-''''.t

-,

2.S"••,

22^"-

16'•';

an eclipse.

ni.,

,

out, pass over.

foi•

Plat., al),

-or

[in

e\-A;'y(u),

MT ]),

Nna,

hence, cniincnt

:

LXX

etc.;]

1.

Ro

16'='

for

13

(so prob. in Is

choice, select (cf.

Ez

(cl..

27-••).

rarely; 2.

As

in

; :

140

MANUAL GREEK LEXICON OF THE NEW TESTAMENT

Inscr.

(MM, Exp., xii), chosen; esp. as in LXX, of Israel, elect, God (Is 65^ Ps 104 (105)*^ al.); so in NT; (a) of Christ:

,

chosen ol

Lk I

2335 (cf 5•^^

Ti

Is 42^)

.

fig.,

;

of Christians

(c)

;

T.

€,, Lk 18^ Eo

II

Jo

^,

cl.

-, -)

tiK-pii, ;

Lat. efundor), to give oneself up to (RV, ran riotoxisly in) Ju^^t Hellenistic form of q.v. (Bl., 5^ 17) Mt 23^5 26-^

**-, Mk Lk

-, (),

Am

11• 22^^ Ac

5=^"

14•^^

7'-

Es

I

:

4*•*'

•''",

Ro 5^ Ju ^^.t (on ni.), Jg

li« 10^•' 22-»,

LXX Nu

[in

le-*•'

Mac

i

:

:

(I71")

9"-*;]

to

7» (ids). depart, ^vithdraw : Lk

2r-i\t

-,5, [in LXX

, -,

breathe one's last

oivnfree will

:

Ac

:

-,

Ro

Re

11';

,/, Mt

51•»;

18'^; for

i\a£w, -, [in LXX:

(b) to

LXX

:

Lk 2.

He ef.

S'od^xx'.t

indecl. (Heb.

),

Emmor

(Ge

-, -oV, poss. pron. of first pers., representing the emphasized gen. ipov, mine, subjectiA^ely and objectively, i.e. belonging Mt 18-", Mk 8•'^, Jo 3'-'* (most to, proceeding from or related to me Mt 20'^ 25-', Lk 15^\ absol., iv, freq. in this gospel), al. Lk 22^'\ Jo 10^'' IGi••'!^ 17^^ = gen. obj. (el.), ets . e>7> ir| Co 16-^, Col 4}'^, I Co 11-^'-•''; e. gen. expl., . :

II

Th *t

,

;

3»".

t€-s,

-, -or,

{9,

a putting on

« ), Pe

:

{8,

[in

LXX

Jb 41*

:

'•'

(Unni?),

Es

51 *

;]

3^.+

LXX

chiefly for tzrab ;] c. ace. pers., II Ti 3"), [in mg., R, mg.); c. dupl. aee., Mt 27^1, Mk 15'-^^ Lk 152-'; 6•', c. ace. rei, Mt 62^, mid., to put on oneself, be clothed tvith Lk 82" 1222, Ac 1221 ptcp., Mt 22ii, Mk 1^ Co 53, Re li3 156 ef

Mt

27-«

191-1;

Lk

of

24*'*

(WH,

,

armour ;

(fig.)

:

Ro

I312,

aOavacriav,

Eph I

Co

•», 15''3'

,, Mk

:

;

Th

i

''^ ;

.

5^

;

metaph.,

Eph

t

, ;

t

t

t

MANUAL GBEEK LEXICON OF THE NEW TESTAMENT Col

4^*,

3'^';

to enter, press into

2.

-85

*t

ing in 21i«

T.

i.

:

MM,

(v.

(ReC.

Exih,

^. /', -^) -), -€, (,

ni.)*;] to

Col

(Arist.).

(v. Lft.,

chief men,

tlie

€.,

Ac

),

authority

gen. pers.,

c.

l^i 3^0,

12i\

Lk

pi.,

;

V.S. 8vvapLS.

:

exercise

to

1.

13i-3

supranaundane powers (syn. with

of

(c)

;

;

;

I

3^3

Ki

Es

(-^), Jb 1412 (-ny Jo ll^^t roused out of sleep

ace. pers.,

c.

:

3^ *

;]

16'i'.t

2,

adv.

adverbially

who I Co

Mt

:

««)) [in LXX for |^1;] 1. outside, without; 12«, Mk 3^1 ll^ Lk &\ Jo IBi", al. c. art.,

(a)

I.,

;

he

tcithout ; metaph., in pi., oil., of those outside the Church, 512'", Col 45 (Lft., in 1.), i Th 4^^; I. I. Co 4i«; Lk 13=^^ Ac 21^ He 13ii'i^. 2. TrdXeis, Ac 2611 (j) ^s prep. c. gen. is

5.^,

.

:

Mk

Lk

14•'8,

211',

(in

answer

,

More II Co e,

adv. (^>^\f

to

stretch

forward:

;;

MANUAL GREEK LEXICON OF THE NEW TESTAMENT

IGG

£€'9, -ov, 6 «'/), Ki 18^ A, I

«i e7€^'),

have on over, be clothed upon

€-7-,

come on: seq. Deiss., BS, 191)

ii

:

Co

, LXX ;

€-€, -, Lk 23^

823,

of:

/

al.;

716).

**-6,

-ros,

51 :

e.

al.

(Plut.,

to

al.),

Mt

16^

Lk

;

(cf.

41

a question, an inquiry (Hdt., Thuc). ICC, in 1.).+

LXX for bin

21

also for 12^*,

2*'"',

,

;]

to in-

c.

dupl.

etc.

al.

;

ace. pers., seq. Xiyu>v, Mt 12i», :\Ik 9^1 Ro 102" (lx-^). 2. In late Gk., to beg of,

LXX: Da TH

[in

:

;

c.

;

^,

,

,

Mk

1.

-',

(Aq.

Jo 21'.+

:

^n enemy, Lk II22 of the -, Jg 14«, i Ki 11«, al.].+

of

.

ace. pers.,

c.

:

ace. pers. et inf.,

c.

coat)

{,

LXX chiefly for baw

[in

quire of, consult, question ace, Mk 71^ 112!', Lk 20*»,

Mk

A

8*"

for S12,, 1237, etc.;] 1. to come to, arrive, gen. loc, Ac 14^^ of. M, Pr., 65; of time, Eph 2". of 2. to come ujwn (as in Horn.) c.

Lk 21•-", Ac 8^* 1340^ j.^ Holy Spirit, Lk 1=*", Ac 1«, [in LXX

demand

Le

,

5-»*.+

[in

calamities,

€1,

for b'^JTp

Ki IS^^*;] an outer tunic (RV, (Hdt.), to piit on over; pass.

II

-'

*+€-€>'-8 =

LXX

[in

and

(Sbm),

'

Cremer,

Si 36(33)3*;]

a demand:

2.

v.

Pe

i

d-^ (v.

also Si 8^ 31 (34)2, „ Mac 52^ 92^ (as in Horn., al.), to hold out, Phi 2^''. 3. to hold or direct towards, sc. ioCv; offer: (a) absol., to intend, jrurpose ; (b) to observe, give attention to (v. MM, Exp., xiv) seq. Lk 14" c. dat. pers., Ac 3", i Ti 4^". 4. to stay, wait : Ac I922 (in legal phrase, MM, Exp., l.c.).+ al.;]

[in

,

hold upon.

to

1.

?,

:

*€€

,

etc.

;

Like

2.

;

{' of purpose, for, Mt 3^, Lk 23^« (Rec. 3--'-'ic 13», Lk 9•', of hostility, against, Mt 24", I Co 7^", 11 Co 1-^; of reference, concerning, for (cl.

5^

Ti

I

Mt

al.

Ac

;

;

7"•*,

usually dat.), Mk for: Lk 4" (WH,

2. Of time, (a) durimj, lo-\ Jo 19-'*, Ro 4». omits eVQ, Ac 13=;

enter: seq. ek,

or put

;

against,

em -',

seq.

20^'

'

;

upon, over (of superintendence), ;

;

Ac

{b) on, about, towards yet longer, further, Ac 20'•' 24•• 10*^ Ac 3' 4•'. signifies IV. In composition, uj),

(v. supr., 1, {b)), (cl.

' ' '

;

as long as, another sense, v. supr.,

) ' ; '

''

Mk

26^*";

ff.),

;

Mk

BS, 230,

LAE,

;

152),

Lk

15'-.+

:

t

;:

MANUAL GREEK LEXICON OF THE NEW TESTAMENT

168

*te-pe, II

-,

-,

Co

2•'

Lk

Th 2^

i

LXX

[in

[in

In NT, as in xuith favour

Th

ii

M,

(cf.

SDT

chiefly for

9i",

hi.

Th.,

absol.,

tig.,

:

^>)

place iLpon

to

;]

i,

Lk

LXX:

[in

etc.

,

,

Ps 24(25)1", To

seq. cVi, c. ace, pers., -To(-^) Eph 42", Ja V\ Ee l^" 6^2 8^2 92 10^ 12^ 16*^ ld^~ 2123; ^XeVetr Ac 1311 ovBe Trttrr] eV ., Ee 71"; without art., Mt Lk 2125 23«, Ac 272", I'Co lo^i, Ee 72 16^2 22^.f -, , [in LXX: Is 41^ etc.;] a nail: Jo 202-\t :

i?46, 5), 2613, TO»/

17.,

13«,

;

()

5,

,

€5,

^,Ro .,

2^•'

Jjk

1312,

Mt

I

(v.

7',.

;

Th

.),

:

Ac

,

DV

al.

7).

3.

./€,

,

Es

621, 3•'),

;]

Ac

Lk

Th 2^

I

26'•';

Jo

11'',

Lk 131s Co 416;

' '',

Ac

123

.

.

r.

civil

7/.,'

In Messianic sense, of the

last

5$

a?

5'

-njv

a day's journcy, metaph., Jo 9^ Ro

;

)

of 24 hours, incl. night

Mt

I621

83» 1021

Lk day

36, 13) 213^;

as

1.

;

212•'»

gen.

92',

5•*'•''«, II

Mk

63^,

;

.

LXX chiefly, (very freq.) for UV day ]'=*-'.t

warm

mid., to

Mt

fig.,

:

Ee 14^^t

(/.,

-,

v. Intr., S 408), Pr., 48, 244; Thayer, s.v.),

,

79^;

:

[in

-ov (),

215

Je

17»

Jb 261* (]•0)*;]

(!?5r),

8•^.+

Iconium, a city of the province of Galatia

?

Ac

:

141,19,21 162, II Ti 3ii.t

51,

-.,



Jb 332, Si 1326

=

?,

26*, iii

q.v.), [in

Mac

LXX

:

Pr

19i^

(jisi) 22»,

635*;] cheerful, joyous

:

11

Co

9^

(Pr 22s(y)a-^>;)).t

tlps, -, fulness

:

Eo

r)

nbo,

?),

[in

IV Ki 5i«

64 (65)3 77(78)38

=

?),

[in

78(79)'•';

3

ni..

•\ ah).

2.

In

LXX

:

Ex

3^2,

32i*,

(=

Pr

1822

^

LXX (cf.

24^ Ps 24(25)ii, La

pers., to conciliate, appease, propitiate

Ma

LXX

12^.+

(; ., Ac 28-'';

., Mt

al

Jo

in l.j.t

of equal S2nrit (^sch., Agam., 1470).

1.

,

. .

equal,

;]

Ee 2V''' ^ci. Phi 2''.t Jb 36^", Za 4" * 1. equality . Col 4' (for dis-

adverbially,

8'^'^•*.

240; Mayor,

,

al.

ll^^^;

[in -7;?, r/ ( 5'-; 12i2. eV, Jo 5t4]; 705, c. ace pers., Ac IO21 I411, Ee 2. Of things: Ac 10" ll^"; Lk 82»; seq. Mt 725-27; Lk 954, Ac 82'J, Ja 117; eVi T. 7771', Lk 224* (WH, E, mg., reject); L• . 179 181 201

eV

;

T.

;

,

seq.

,

Ee

2?

312

212";

Mt

-,

K.

, WH,

mg., EV),

:-,

Lk

, LXX

t

= to

:

-,

1015,

Ee

chiefly

11

to loeigh

He

6'.+

down

LXX:

[in

4^.

II

:

Ki

cause

Lk

**-,

metaph., 1325

;]

i)ut c.

ace. pers.,

214,

II2»

^

pass., ews

{;

to

to

1.

;]

grow numb,

in

without Heb. equiv.,

use up, spend.

LXX,

in causal

Jb

ib. =*-(33),

33'•',

Da LXX 11''*); 1. to cause to groiv numb. 2. Intrans., to grow numb ; hence metaph., to be inactive, be burdensome to c. gen., 11 Co 11'•• 121^'^*; pass., to be quite numb (Hippocr.).+ •

*-',

head

:

-,

to

1.

nod

Lk

c. dat. pers.,

-,

assent.

[in

LXX

perceive, consider

carefully:

1224,27 202^ Ac 11•^ the distinction bet.

273'',

+ to

-^',

come

to,

-,

Eo . and [in

arrive at:

2.

to

make a

sign by nodding the

5".+

for 1233

Ac

hi.,

7^''^-;

,

4^9; c. ace. pers..

LXX:

simplex, II

Ki

v.

3-9

M,

He

rei,

to take

note

of,

Mt

Lk

6•*^

123.2*

(qq

3^ 10'^*,

7^,

Ja

Pr., 117).+

(^1),

seq. ds, c. ace. loc,

etc.;]

ace.

c.

Ac

II

Mac

16^

421.^••.

18'''• -*

•>*

6'**;]

21" 25'^

(v.

,

MANUAL GREEK LEXICON OF THE NEW TESTAMENT M, ei?,

Pr., 132) 27'- 28'='; c. ace. pers., i Co

Eph

' -,

tKard-kulis,

resembl. of t

al.

,

Ac

2'*'

Su

Ge

LXX

Of strong emotion,

II

:

Mac

13'^

-,

LXX

[in

al.

-,

3"'i«

4I'

=*'

i*'!•^•

,

, -, 15=*s,

[in

-,

Lk

8=i«.t

**

pass.,

-',

*

seq.

;

(=

Holy

Ex

€15,

LXX 2.

Co

1

or

*

18=*

:

;]

Lk

inf.,

to

-^,

14=*^

He 6^

II

(v. Lft.

in

pass.,

Pe

[in

(69)-, al.

-, ;

;]

etc.

8^.

),

3'-"',

Ex

:

26=*',

4^.

LXX

to

cause

Intrans.,

2.

)

[in

Le

Ps

t

7i9(i>>^>^),

Ac

trans., (a) to

He

(elsewhere

al.

30

a putting

repose:

1.

;]

to rest

d-xx),

n Co

2"

5•*,

Ps 144 (145)'•

,

LXX

LXX to

Lk

5'",

chiefly for

21-=*, al.

also for

;

in

;]

NT

:

He

ll=-'».t

(bS2}, etc.;]

:

:

II

Mac 8^

pass.,

Ac

(A), in

7-•*,

for JTID pu..

throw into the

11

Ex

Pe

Mac 2".t

15"*

A,

2->

^

sea, sink or

.

c/?

:

'=*

*

to

;]

pi.,

, down:

to fall

wear

32

Ps

droicn therein

:

18""'.t

-, ,

2'^

l.).t

cl.

Nu

,

rest,

el.,

Ac 26'^ c. ace, Lk 8''.t -, to sail down, sail to land, put in -w, [in

tread

to

;]

Mt

chiefly for

?

LXX:

[in

etc.

,

curtain of the Temple (or Tabernacle) Mt 6^^ 9=*; fig., ^ airov, He 10=^^t chiefly for 1!53 ;] 1. to drink down, swalloiv : Pe 5^. Metaph., to sivallow up, devour :

15^^•*

;

-^,

54 (55)^ 68

,

of Holies),

35^^

down, oppress, treat hardly

Mt

pass. seq.

15^;] 1. in

and NT,

cause

(^xx). i".t

4•*

veil or

Re 12'^

consume:

.

to

{h)

;

Mac

Lk 23«, He

-^,

23•^

3

for

14^^

-,

(the outer veil).

Mk

ii

LXX

In

LXX Ac

(the veil of the

28•'

Mac

4", iv

pass.,

;

LXX

[in

(



,

taken by

etc.;]

,

that

an appear(cf. ,;7um).t ]7 and cognate (b)

later writers, the act of seeing, the sense of meton.. pi., the eyes. 2. appearance (Nu 24•», Ez 1•'

Ee -,

-,

and

[in

31"'

9-, al.

ve^'b^ of asking, exhorting, etc.!

sight, spectacle:

(),

(, 2•'^

o".

;

Ac

late writers its place is often

9i«-i-(Rec.) lo^M-.i••• ,}

aor.,

^,^,,^, Mt

5.

^^^*'^^'

^-

'^^•)•

9-•'';

2», al.

Lk 2«^ Ac

42, 5),

?, q.v.). -, 6 «'),

seen;

Mt

imperat.,

i; 'Jo*•• f""

Ac

impf.,

;

4='.

3.

=

- (), [in

a vision: Ac

visible:

LXX

2i''(i'XX),

Ee

1 ,, 7

9i^.t

., Col V^.i

chiefly for also for etc •] i-n aor. act.. €l8ov. pass., fut., 'from Pr., 110 f.), to see (in colloq. even the pres is ,

,

, ^,

"durative" sense (hence

different roots; v. M, rare, its placi^ being generally taken by v. Bl., i^ 24) 1. Of bodily vision, to see, perceive, behold: absol., 6^8, al.Vi'nyov tSe, Jo l•"", al. 2•'', al. seq. on, c. ace, Mt 2-, V^ 16'' Ga 11», al. Oeov, Jo V^ i Jo 4-^ al. 2. to see with the mind, perceive discern: absol,, Eo 15-i; c. ace. rei., Mt 9- 27^^ Ac S-\ Col 2'* ;

Mk

Mk

;

Mk

;

al'

21

MANUAL GREEK LEXICON OF THE NEW TESTAMENT

322 3.

Th Mt 9^"

I

,

,

Mk

Mt

1**, 8* IS^", c. aor. subjc, to see, take heed, bewa/re: opa 5is ',.ts).+

;

bird;

LXX chiefly

[in

opyL"; ., of the hill district as distinct from the lowlands, esp. the hills above the Sea of '., Mt 18l^ Mk 5^, He ll=*^ Re Galilee, Mt 5^ 8\ Mk 31^ 6^«, al. mo7intain 3•'

(LXX);

Mt

:

5. T.

4^

17\

Mt

Jo

9-,

211 24^,

Pe

4-", ii

l^», al.

L);

al. (v.s.

;

6. :S,iwv

;

Rabbinic, D'^in Ipr), of overcoming difficulties, Co 13-, cf. Mt 17-" 21-\ accomplishing marvels, 6^•^,

al.

proverbially

;

LXX

[in

Mt

Mk

:

Mk

s.v.

I.

chiefly

Ac

((3£5 I

yLtev

.

.

Co

for

1-".

2.

.

.

^;]

())

12-«

[in

Co

I

.

.

LXX

dig

to

;]

25^8

:

-,

(cf.

oiyhcm, father-

prop.,

(as also in

cl.

friendless, desolate: Jo 1'^^ for ipi etc. ;] to dance ; Mt 11^^ 14''',

?

.

.

.

.

Co

ll^i,

some

.

;

As

1.

etc.

,

Mt

xviii), bereft,

, the one

OS

.

other,

tlie

^,

,{ , ). ,

the postpositive article

Ro 14^ .

also for 12^;

In a general sense

As demonstr. pron. = in nom. 05 8(, but lie (cf.

27•»^

one

MM,

cf.

,

Mk

LXX

Ja

7=*2.+

,,

13



.

Mt

the other,

2i«,

Ju

-^

;

neut.,

/xev

.

some,

.

15--*,

.

.

(o)

Jo

Lk 23^^

/,

, .

Mt 13^'-^, Ro 9-^; os 12S-10; (-), Mk 4*, Lk 8^, I Co , Ro 14-'. .

Mk

22^ 25l^

21=^^

•?,

also for

that,

this,

8e o?, freq. in Plat.),

:

05

;

and

;

Lk

6•-^^

OS,

5"

[in

WH, mg,

12"*",

^, -,

LS,

V.

chiefly for

21=^=^;

-,

-,

less

2

IV'-K

ace,

c.

- (..,

, ,

, -),

Mk

(cf.

S

.

i/ie .

.

absol,

1. agreeing in gender antecedent, but differently governed as to case Mt 2^, Lk 9^, Ac 20^*^, Ro 2-•', al. mult. 2. In variation from the common construction (a) in gender, agreeing with a noun in apposition to the antecedent Mk IS^^, Ga 3^^ Eph 6^", al. constr. ad sensum Jo 6^, Col 2^9, I Ti 3^•', Re 13^•*, al. (b) in number, constr. ad sensum Ac 15^*', II Pe 3^; (c) in case, by attraction to the case of the antecedent Jo 41», Ac 3-'i, Ro ^», i Co 6^^ Eph 1», al. 3. The (Bl., 8 50, 2) with nouns of other gender and with phrases, tcJUcJi thinq, neut. with a sentence, Ac 2'^-, ivhich term : Mk 3^7 12-*-, Jo l=*^ Col S^\ al. or Ga 2^", I Jo 2^^, al. 4. With ellipse of a demonstrative before or after: before, Mt 20-^ Lk 7^^ Ro IQi*, al.; after, Mt 10=*^ Mk 9•*", Jo 19^2, Ro 2\ al. 5. Expressing purpose, end or cause Mt 11^^ {who = that he may), 1^, He 12'', al. 6. C. prep, as periphrasis for conjc. {= ), because, Lk "-'", al. ov, since (temsince, for that, Ro 5^wherefore, Lk 12^ ^' '^ ov, whence. Phi 3-" etc. 7. With particles o? poral), Lk 13'-'^ Mk 3l^ Jo 21'-", Ro 5", al. o5 Mt idv v.s.

II.

with

relat. pron., w/io, ivhich, ivhat, that ;

its

:

;

;

:

:

:

;

:

(? '),

;

:

:

;

,

(),

27^''.

;

8.

]

Gen.,

^,

Re

ov, absol.,

ll".t

;

,

{, ', Lk

:

.

.

al.;

.

24-'•*,

.

.

., Eo

.

^

THE NEW TESTAMENT

.

al.

;

12*'

?

., Mt

;

^

al.

.

.

fas

ov.

In comparison,

5.

.

12*", al.

.

;

ov., ;

Ro

.

.

.

.

.

ah;

5^^^

.,

.

7".

, ,

V.S.

oi'.

, , ,

,

not ; (a) in neg. sentences, not, strengthened form of Lk 1"" 12^i, Jo 13i", al. (b) more freq. in questions where not at all 5*'''•*", Lk 6=*•', Jo ll^ al. an affirm, ans. is expected (Lat. nomie) Mt * a debtor : c. gen. (of the amount), -, Mt 18-*. Metaph., of obligation or duty in general, with reference to 5» of favours received or injury done, etc. Mt 6^'\ Eo 1^* &- 15-', Ga :

;

«)),

Eo 3'-i»,

I

Aram.

V

Co

Mac

1

(found also in

,

[in

Phm i« v.

;

T.

to

c.

McNeile, in

LXX

LXX

MM,

;

Lk

13*.t

ojie's

due:

8', ;]

id.

ir.

Si

xviii).+

De 24^" (12©), I Bs that tohich is oived, a debt: Eo 4*; metaph. (as of sin as a debt, Mt &^"

15«*;]

al.

cf.

;

a debt: Mt

«

.

22•">, Jo IS'^, 4"'2«• 30(lxx); ij,^ metaph., ib. =*i.t

3322): Mt26''••',

Hagar,

Ga

8\

more

«?),

[in

LXX

,

?

Ge

:

21'•'

gen.,

,,

[in

32"

and dancing)

generally, to jjlay (as with singing

€/-7'^).+

Ex

26«,

prop., to jJlay as

pi.;]

LXX chiefly for l^y

a

pi.);

10'

and

(i--^-^')

also for Ijrj

,

of

child, hence,

Co

i

:

^^

12^^

(

V.S. Trats.

:

freq. (Jg 16'^^, al.) for

irais,

Ac

,

(cf.

3

,

a child, boy, youth, maiden: ., Mt 17^^, Lk 2•*^ 9^-, Ac 2012. ^ ^_^ L]^ 851,54 jon the artic. nom. of address, v. M, Pr., 70 f., 235; Bl, § 33, 4); \., Mt 2i" 2••; of parentage, c. gen., Jo 4^^!. 2. Like Heb. IQV, Lat. jjwer, Fv. garcon, Eng. ioy (^sch., Aristoph., etc.;]

1,

Mt

Xen., al), servant, slave, attendant: late writers

Mt

minister: Is

41^

Wi

Jesus (but

LXX: Ge

(Diod.,

al.), of Israel,

. .

Ijy)

Lk

,,

Lk

**'!=*,

f.),

in

attendant or (Ps 68(69)18,

Oeod

Lk

12i8(i^xx),

Mt

7^ 12-*^ 15^6;

of a king's

1^*; of David,

Dalman, Words, 277

V.

8^•

al.),

(= Heb.

so

U'-^;

213,

41^",

l"», Ac 425; of 3i3.2« 427,30,1

Ac

, ,, '

child, with emphasis on parentage and the Syn. : 1. consequent community of nature mo?, son, with emphasis on the refers both to age and parentage, privileged position of heirship Cf. also Tvaihapiov, but with emjjhasis on the former. and cf. Thackeray, Gr., 7 f. and V. Westc. on i Jo 31 2. v.s. [in LXX chiefly for HDJ hi. ;] to strike, smite : with the hand or fist, Mt 26"*, Lk 22"•* with a sword, Mk 14•*', Jo IS^'^ of a ;

.

;

, ',

reptile, to sting

;

Ee

:

;

9''.t

-r]?, , Pacatiana, the western part of the Province of Phrygia, as constituted in iv/A.D, i Ti subscr. (Eec.).+

,

:

adv. of time, [in

LXX

48''» ~

Is

:

(TNQ), etc.

long ago,

;]

time past (denoting past time absolutely, as He 1\ Ju > as adj., cart., Mt Ipi, Lk of time just past, Mk 6*^ (WH, mg.), 15"^ (WH, mg., E, of old, in relatively):

m\

, 8,«), , , . *5, , ))

durat. praes. (EV, all this time),

-,

Jos

9•*'

•',

5, Lk

Je 45

-

[in

(38)11 (njja), etc.

5=*'-'

II

;

Co

SI•*

(for similar phrases,

Col

3'•^;

neut.

worn by use Syn. :

'3 qal.

things

I.e.,

-,

-

;]

{• "

:

more usual than

;]

its

variant in Gk. writers for a trust or dejwsit : i Ti &-^, ii Ti l^-*, Eec.+ [in LXX: Jth 3- «, Si 30^8 34 (31)i«, Da BeP•*, II, III Mac J*;] to lie beside, be near, be -present : Eo T^'^^«.3•2 2^-10

p-e^•-oe, t

11^•*

29^•',

(0)

dat. pers.,

[in

LXX

:

;]

(b)

barracks, soldiers' om.).t

^,

txt..

for

30

Macedonian an army in

hi.

Ac

Ge

(Mi

6^), etc.;]

15'•\+

23*,

Ps

38(39)'-'

:

MANUAL GEEEK LEXICON OF THE NEW TESTAMENT

()

sojourning in a strange place; as subst.,

*;]

Pe

-, ,

of Christians,

i

., lie

1^; ^eVoi

seq.

gen.,

c.

Mt Mt

of time,

perish: II

Pe

2.

lo

LXX

[in

2;]

chiefly for

3'";

:

;

Mk

.

U^•', 5'« 24•'*'=^^

Pe

i

-,

{;,

Lk

:

Mt

the fifteenth

-ov, oi,

/caT"'i•'";]

4),

of a well

;]

Mk to

:

5-^;

make Ja

3'

15"*;]

:\[ac

of

Ga G"

clay, as

wet

a

etc.;]

,

a rudder

(^^),

Bl.,

(v.

chiefly for

Jth

Re

14" 16^

8^*'

(prop., of magnitude, as

?

Is 29i''. al).

LXX:

)

also for

.,

^«.t

,

also for

,

the blade of

LXX: great

4'''

of a flow of blood,

8- (cf.

27-'".t

Mk

13''--*',

,

3

21"'.t

LXX

-,

.

;

Siiuou Peter, the

1^•• '^ al.

/.5,

fast, to fix

[in

2^"

Pe

4^*,

..

,

time

place

u^l'^

I

4

compar. and superl. from

1^^>,i,

,^

-«, -oy, [in

«/a

1.

,

of

He -,

LXX

in

NT

,

^itZTKn,

.

LXX

1

Pe

etc.;]

I'^.f

chiefly for ,

or Place; [a) absol., as

(.)

''"-'

ahvaj-Vof Time, before

(,

10•*-;

Co 15^^

D^sb

to

-&^-''^'-^^ ^retime, for^-ry]

-oy, [in

Time

for

1 1/•

'

as adj.

:

.pi, (ie'^.i

:^.?2o^.tir^7yC(:^l^^T^^

also for

subst.', i

^

Lk

^^^i^

;

MANUAL GREEK LEXICON OF THE NEW TESTAMENT

890

M, {my

.

Mk

79; BL,

Rank

Mk

gen., 15^" 19'*",

12-«'-^

Ac

Time Mt Co 1118, al.

of

Neut.,

3.

Mk

4'-^^

[in

LXX: Ex

8'^\

, Mt

:

20-"

22-•', 22•'•\

Mk 12^•\ al. Mk 9=^^ Eph Ac ^^;

(Field, Notes, 124),

;

13^", al.

-, :

al".

Mt

Sirrepos, etc.,

seq.

;

al.

., Jo

;

as adv.,

lO^», al.

Le

40^- -^

;

Lk

c. art.,

Order

'(b) of

Of

2.

6^, al.

at the first

first,

^v

c. art.,

;

or Dignity, chief, prmcipal

c.

I

:

509

J(j.,

/

.

5; Thackeray, Gr., 183 f.) c. gen., ff. but cf. M, Pi:, 245), Jo l^•'•»»;

11,

i?

chief: Abbott, 14^^ Ac 11, al.

24« (ijiy), Ps

(a)

;

Eo

:

53

3^,

(54)«

forth publicly; so also in mid.: c. ace. pers., Ro 2. Mid., (for a suggested alt. rend., v. MM, xxii). to set before oneself, jnvpose, picrpose : c. ace. rei, c. inf., Ro 1^^ etc.;]

(Dli27),

set

to set before,

1.

3'•^•''

;

Eph

is.t

**-, Ac -',

161^*;]

to

also in

cl.)

:

Mac

II

LXX:

[in

**--, :

I

[in

-?,

^, to

I.

seq. et? Jb 42^^ *

;

LXX :

{^ ^), Jb

Ki 8"

I

16'^i*;]

Mac

20

Jo

be before ox previously

(5-9,

Mac

iv

11',

Mid., in

12" 15'-

same sense

:

Lk

ptcp.,

c.

«^),

run forivard.

;]

1.

23i"^,

[in

41'3(H)A (pi). To

beforehand

to be

Ac

to

2.

rim

in.

2.

:

t

LXX:

Ps 140

(141)• (^^^?), :

, ) c.

LXX:

[in

-,

Pr

Lk

ace. rei, seq. Ik,

(

lO^^*

6*^.+

{-,

Col

Re 7^=^; Co ^\

2",

6-,

Co

I

Co

I

;

,

Mt

personified,

.

1'-;

;

ll^»,

God, Ro

of Christ,

;

S'^

in spiritual things

1•'

of

wisdom

of

;

-"•-i

Eph

wisdom:

Eph

512

Co

I

(T.

ib.

wisdom 4^ Ja

of

;

of divine

Re

"KAAf/ve?

;

l-« 2-' 31"

Col

2^•,

7'"

ib. ii>(I>XX);

11"; T.

i

prudence, which with . intelligence ; N. Etli., i, 13) the three intellectual aperai. . is wisdom primary and absolute in distinction from which . is practical, critical, both being applications of . in detail (cf. Lft., and ICG on Col 1^ Lft., Notes, 317 f. Tr., Syn., % Ixxv; Cremer, 870 &.). /S'riV.

make up

."

(Arist.,

;

(. -'".-•«, -'" Si'*"-»

Ro

:

;

of

Jewish teachers, Mt ll-^ Lk lO-i Christian, Mt 23='-i of those endowed with practical wisdom, i Co 6\ Eph 51^, Ja 31^; of God, Ro 16"'

,, .

COmpar.,

;

Syy.

^, , ;

.

, , ,, ;, -,

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