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A frequency dictionary of arabic core vocabulary for learners
 9780415595438, 9780415444347, 9780203883280, 9781134066612, 1134066619

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a FREQUENCY dictionary of

ARABIC core vocabulary for learners

Tim Buckwalter Dilworth Parkinson

Practical: the top 5,000 most frequently used words Learner friendly: gives you the core vocabulary for Arabic quickly Useful: 20 thematic boxes give the top words for a specific topic

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic is an invaluable tool for all learners of Arabic, providing a list of the 5,000 most frequently used words in Modern Standard Arabic (MSA) as well as several of the most widely spoken Arabic dialects. Based on a 30-million-word corpus of Arabic which includes written and spoken material from the entire Arab world, this dictionary provides the user with detailed information for each of the 5,000 entries, including English equivalents, a sample sentence, its English translation, usage statistics, an indication of genre variation, and usage distribution over several major Arabic dialects. Users can access the top 5,000 words either through the main frequency listing or through an alphabetical index arranged by Arabic roots. Throughout the frequency listing there are thematically-organized lists of the top words from a variety of key topics such as sports, weather, clothing, and family terms. An engaging and highly useful resource, A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic will enable students of all levels to get the most out of their study of modern Arabic vocabulary. Tim Buckwalter is Research Associate at the University of Maryland. Dilworth Parkinson is Professor of Arabic at Brigham Young University (Provo, Utah).

Routledge Frequency Dictionaries

General Editors

Paul Rayson, Lancaster University, UK Mark Davies, Brigham Young University, USA Editorial Board

Michael Barlow, University of Auckland, New Zealand Geoffrey Leech, Lancaster University, UK Barbara Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk, University of Lodz, Poland Josef Schmied, Chemnitz University of Technology, Germany Andrew Wilson, Lancaster University, UK Adam Kilgarriff, Lexicography MasterClass Ltd and University of Sussex, UK Hongying Tao, University of California at Los Angeles Chris Tribble, King’s College London, UK Other books in the series A Frequency Dictionary of American English A Frequency Dictionary of Mandarin Chinese A Frequency Dictionary of French A Frequency Dictionary of German A Frequency Dictionary of Portuguese A Frequency Dictionary of Spanish A Frequency Dictionary of Czech (forthcoming)

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic Core vocabulary for learners Tim Buckwalter and Dilworth Parkinson

First edition published 2011 by Routledge 2 Park Square, Milton Park, Abingdon, OX14 4RN Simultaneously published in the USA and Canada by Routledge 711 Third Ave, New York, NY 10017 Routledge is an imprint of the Taylor & Francis Group, an informa business © 2011 Tim Buckwalter and Dilworth Parkinson Typeset in Parisine by Graphicraft Limited, Hong Kong

All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reprinted or reproduced or utilized in any form or by any electronic, mechanical, or other means, now known or hereafter invented, including photocopying and recording, or in any information storage or retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publishers. British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data A catalog record for this book has been requested

ISBN 13: 978-0-415-59543-8 (hbk) ISBN 13: 978-0-415-44434-7 (pbk) ISBN 13: 978-0-203-88328-0 (ebk)

Contents

Thematic vocabulary list | vi Series preface | vii Acknowledgments | ix Abbreviations | x Introduction | 1 References | 8 Frequency index | 9 Alphabetical index | 433 Part of speech index | 515

Thematic vocabulary list

1 Animals | 9

17 Movement | 124

2 Body | 16

18 Communication | 131

3 Food | 23

19 Health | 138

4 Clothing | 30

20 Dialect Words | 144

5 Transportation | 36

21 Female Names | 155

6 Family | 44

22 Male Names | 162

7 Materials | 51

23 Electronics, Computers, Phones, Web | 169

8 Time | 58 9 Sports | 66 10 Nature | 73 11 Weather | 80 12 Professions | 88 13 Colors | 96 14 Opposites | 103 15 Nationalities | 110

24 Arabic Speaking Countries/ Regions* | 176 25 Arabic Speaking Cities* | 183 26 Religion | 190 27 Verb Form I | 198 28 Verb Forms II-X | 208 29 War and Security | 218 30 Politics | 226

16 Emotions | 117

* includes countries where Arabic is co-official: Israel, Chad, and Somalia

Series preface

Frequency information has a central role to play in learning a language. Nation (1990) showed that the 4,000–5,000 most frequent words account for up to 95 percent of a written text and the 1,000 most frequent words account for 85 percent of speech. Although Nation’s results were only for English, they do provide clear evidence that, when employing frequency as a general guide for vocabulary learning, it is possible to acquire a lexicon which will serve a learner well most of the time. There are two caveats to bear in mind here. First, counting words is not as straightforward as it might seem. Gardner (2007) highlights the problems that multiple word meanings, the presence of multiword items, and grouping words into families or lemmas, have on counting and analyzing words. Second, frequency data contained in frequency dictionaries should never act as the only information source to guide a learner. Frequency information is nonetheless a very good starting point, and one which may produce rapid benefits. It therefore seems rational to prioritize learning the words that you are likely to hear and read most often. That is the philosophy behind this series of dictionaries. Lists of words and their frequencies have long been available for teachers and learners of language. For example, Thorndike (1921, 1932) and Thorndike and Lorge (1944) produced word frequency books with counts of word occurrences in texts used in the education of American children. Michael West’s General Service List of English Words (1953) was primarily aimed at foreign learners of English. More recently, with the aid of efficient computer software and very large bodies of language data (called corpora), researchers have been able to provide more sophisticated frequency counts from both written text and transcribed speech. One important feature of the resulting frequencies presented in this series is that they are derived from recently collected language data. The earlier lists for English included samples from, for example, Austen’s Pride and Prejudice and Defoe’s Robinson Crusoe, thus they could no longer represent present-day language in any sense. Frequency data derived from a large representative corpus of a language brings students closer to language as it is used in real life as opposed to textbook language (which often distorts the frequencies of features in a language, see Ljung, 1990). The information in these dictionaries is presented in a number of formats to allow users to access the data in different ways. So, if you would prefer not to simply drill down through the word frequency list, but would rather focus on verbs for example, the part of speech index will allow you to focus on just the most frequent verbs. Given that verbs typically account for 20 percent of all words in a language, this may be a good strategy. Also, a focus on function words may be equally rewarding – 60 percent of speech in English is composed of a mere 50 function words. The series also provides information of use to the language teacher. The idea that frequency information may have a role to play in syllabus design is not new (see, for example, Sinclair and Renouf, 1988). However, to date it has been difficult for those teaching languages other than English to use frequency information in syllabus design because of a lack of data.

viii

Series preface

Frequency information should not be studied to the exclusion of other contextual and situational knowledge about language use and we may even doubt the validity of frequency information derived from large corpora. It is interesting to note that Alderson (2007) found that corpus frequencies may not match a native speaker’s intuition about estimates of word frequency and that a set of estimates of word frequencies collected from language experts varied widely. Thus corpus-derived frequencies are still the best current estimate of a word’s importance that a learner will come across. Around the time of the construction of the first machine-readable corpora, Halliday (1971: 344) stated that “a rough indication of frequencies is often just what is needed”. Our aim in this series is to provide as accurate as possible estimates of word frequencies. Paul Rayson and Mark Davies Lancaster and Provo, 2008

References Alderson, J.C. (2008) Judging the frequency of English words. Applied Linguistics, 28 (3): 383–409. Gardner, D. (2007) Validating the construct of Word in applied corpus-based vocabulary research: a critical survey. Applied Linguistics, 28, pp. 241–265. Halliday, M.A.K. (1971) Linguistic functions and literary style. In S. Chatman (ed.) Style: A Symposium. Oxford University Press, pp. 330–65. Ljung, M. (1990) A Study of TEFL Vocabulary. Almqvist & Wiksell International, Stokholm. Nation, I.S.P. (1990) Teaching and Learning Vocabulary. Heinle & Heinle, Boston. Sinclair, J.M. and Renouf, A. (1988) ‘A lexical syllabus for language learning’, in R. Carter and M. McCarthy (eds) Vocabulary and Language Teaching. Longman, London, pp. 140–158. Thorndike, E.L. (1921) Teacher’s Word Book. Columbia Teachers College, New York. Thorndike, E.L. (1932) A Teacher’s Word Book of 20,000 Words. Columbia University Press, New York. Thorndike, E.L., and Lorge, I. (1944) The Teacher’s Word Book of 30,000 Words. Columbia University Press, New York. West, M. (1953) A General Service List of English Words. Longman, London.

Acknowledgments

We are indebted to a number of research assistants who put in countless hours on this project, most notably Bashar Sadr, Muhammed Barakat, Amany Ezzat, and Najwa Ezzat. We are also indebted to a number of students from Brigham Young University who helped with this project: Jeff Smith, David Tensmeyer, Laila Lamani, Shereen Salah, Rana Derwy, Mira Ansari, Falah Alsiekh, and Mais Yahya. We are particularly indebted to Julie Vonwiller, Director of Appen Pty Limited, for providing us with the transcripts of an Algerian speech corpus compiled by Appen. The first author is indebted to Arabic language experts Elizabeth M. Bergman from Miami University (Ohio) and Jonathan Owens from the University of Bayreuth, who provided assistance in interpreting data from the Algerian speech corpus. He would also like to express his gratitude to the University of Maryland Center for Advanced Study of Language (CASL) staff for their encouragement and support, especially during the analysis of Arabic dialect data. He also wishes to acknowledge the valuable assistance he received from Arabic dialect experts associated with research at CASL: Peter Schultz provided advice on vocabulary items from numerous dialects and proofread an early draft, and Sana Smith helped with difficult Algerian and Levantine lexical items. And finally, the first author is extremely grateful to his supportive wife Crissie who also provided research and editing in the final and critical stages of this work. He dedicates this dictionary to his parents, Albert and Lois, former missionaries, Bible translators, and lexicographers among the Toba Indians of the Argentine Chaco. The second author would like to thank Brigham Young University and Dean John Rosenberg of the College of Humanities, as well as Prof. Kirk Belnap of the National Middle East Language Resource Center, for significant financial support for this project. He dedicates this book to his wife, Laura Beth, who is always up for another ‘adventure’ in the Arab World, and to his students, from whom he derives continual inspiration and admiration from their intense desire to reach across cultures and connect with people.

Abbreviations

a.p.

active participle

‫ ﹺ‬adj. next, following; a.p. arriving, coming ‫ﻗﺎﺩﻡ‬

acc.

accusative

‫ ﹶﺃﺥ‬brother; acc. ‫ﹶﺃﺧﺎ‬

adv.

adverb

‫ ﹸﻫﻨﺎ‬adv. here

coll.n.

collective noun

dem.pron.

demonstrative pronoun

‫ ﹶﺳ ﹶﻤﻚ‬coll.n. fish, un.n. ‫ﹶﺳ ﹶﻤﻜﹶﺔ‬ ‫ ٰﺫﻟﹺ ﹶﻚ‬dem.pron. that (masc.sg.)

du.

dual

elat.

elative

fem.

feminine

fig.

figurative

gen.

genitive

‫ ﹺ‬pl. ‫ﻮﺍﺭﻉ‬ ‫ ﹶﺷ ﹺ‬street; (fig.) ‫ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺭﻉ‬the public ‫ﺷﺎﺭﻉ‬ ‫ ﹸﺫﻭ‬having; gen. ‫ﹺﺫﻱ‬

imperat.

imperative

‫ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺧ ﹶﺬ‬v. I (u) to take sth; (imperat.) ‫ﹸﺧ ﹾﺬ‬

imperf.

imperfect

‫ ﻛﺎ ﹶﺩ‬I (a) (with imperf.) to almost do sth

interrog.

interrogative

‫ﻒ‬ ‫ ﹶﻛ ﹾﻴ ﹶ‬interrog. how

invar.

invariable

‫( ﹶﻏ ﹶﻠﻂ‬Dia.) adj. (invar.) wrong

masc.

masculine

n.

noun

‫ ٰﻫﺬﺍ‬dem.pron. this (masc.) ‫ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻮﻡ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹼﻳﺎﻡ‬day

neg.

negative

‫ ﻻ‬neg.part. no

nom.

nominative

num.

number

‫ ﺃﺏ‬n. father; nom. ‫ﹶﺃ ﹸﺑﻮ‬ ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻟﻒ‬num. pl. ‫ ﺁﻻﻑ‬thousand

part.

particle

pass.

passive

perf.

perfect

pers.

person

‫ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻠ ﹺ‬rel.pron. (masc.du.) who, whom; which ‫ﺬﺍﻥ‬ ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻓ ﹶﻀﻞ‬elat. better/best ‫ ﹺﻛﻼ‬fem. ‫ ﹺﻛ ﹾﻠﺘﺎ‬both of

‫ ﹶﻗﺪﹾ‬part. (with imperf.) may, might ‫ ﺍﹺ ﹾﺳﺘ ﹾﹶﺸ ﹶﻬﺪﹶ‬v. X pass. ‫ ﹸﺍ ﹾﺳﺘ ﹾﹸﺸ ﹺﻬﺪﹶ‬to be martyred ‫ ﹶﻗﺪﹾ‬part. (with perf.) has/have already ‫ ﺇﹺ ﹼﻳ ﹶ‬be careful ‫ ﺇﹺ ﹼﻳﺎ‬part. (with 2nd pers. pron.) ‫ﻣﻦ‬/‫ﺎﻙ ﻭ‬ with, watch out for!

poss.adj.

possessive adjective

prep.

preposition

prep.phr.

prepositional phrase

‫ ﺑﹺﺘﺎﻉ‬poss.adj. (Egy.) belonging to; of ‫ ﻋﹶﲆ‬prep. on, above ‫ ﺑﹺ ﹾﺴ ﹺﻢ‬prep.phr. ‫ ﺑﹺ ﹾﺴ ﹺﻢ ﺍﷲﹺ‬in the Name of God

Abbreviations

‫ ﹶﺃﻣ ﹺﺮ ﹺ‬n./adj. pl. -uun, ‫ ﹶﺃﻣ ﹺﺮﻳﻜﺎﻥ‬American ‫ﻳﻜ ﹼﻲ‬ ‫ﹾ‬ ‫ﹾ‬ ‫ ﹸﻣﺸﺎﺭ‬p.p. ‫ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ‬/‫ ﺍ ﹸﳌﺸﺎﺭ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ‬the aforementioned ‫ﹾﺖ‬ ‫ ﹶﺃﻧ ﹶ‬pron. you (masc.sg.) ‫ ﺍ ﱠﻟﺘﹺﻲ‬rel.pron. (fem.sg.) who, whom; which

pl.

plural

p.p.

passive participle

pron.

pronoun

rel.

relative

sg.

singular

‫ ﻧﹺﺴﺎﺀ‬pl.n. women (sg. ‫) ﺍﹺ ﹾﻣ ﹶﺮ ﹶﺃﺓ‬

un.n.

unit noun

‫ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻴﺾ‬coll.n. eggs, un.n. ‫ﹶﺑ ﹾﻴ ﹶﻀﺔ‬

vn.

verbal noun

‫ ﹶﻭ ﹾﺿﻊ‬vn. laying down

voc.

vocative

voc.part. (you) O...!

Dialect and Regional Labels Alg. Bah. Dia. Egy. Gul. Irq. Jor. Kuw. Leb. Lev. Lib. MSA Magh. Mor. Pal. Qat. Sau. Sud. Syr. Tun. UAE Yem.

Algeria Bahrain Dialect Egypt Gulf Iraq Jordan Kuwait Lebanon Levant Libya Modern Standard Arabic Maghreb Morocco Palestine Qatar Saudi Arabia Sudan Syria Tunisia United Arab Emirates Yemen

xi

Introduction

A frequency dictionary of Arabic

difficulty and usefulness of any proposed text or

Enrollments in university-level Arabic language

exercise that involves vocabulary.

programs in the United States have more than

Arabic is reputed to have a remarkably rich

doubled in the past decade and in many cases rival

vocabulary. Various statistical techniques have been

enrollments in what used to be considered more

devised to test this, all of which have major problems,

commonly taught languages like German. High

but most scholars of Arabic still agree that Arabic

school Arabic programs are starting in almost every

seems to value the maintenance in the system of

state. There is no question that the study of Arabic

large numbers of synonyms, and that the overall

has become increasingly popular and widespread.

vocabulary of the language is relatively large. This, in

Because this change has happened so quickly, the

addition to the fact that Arabic has far fewer cognate

field of Arabic language teaching has been working

forms for English speaking learners than most

hard to provide high quality materials and resources.

European languages do, makes the above-mentioned

This book is a contribution to that effort.

arguments for the value of a frequency dictionary

What is the value of a frequency dictionary for

even more salient in the Arabic case. The vocabulary

Arabic language teachers and learners? Isn’t it

acquisition task for students is both more extensive

enough to rely on the vocabulary lists in course text

and more difficult, making techniques to maximize

books and on regular dictionaries? The short answer

time spent learning vocabulary all the more important.

is that although text books provide vocabulary in

As stated, the purpose of this book is to prepare

each chapter, there is almost never any indication

students of Arabic for the words they are most likely

of which of these words the student is most likely

to encounter in the real world. In the case of Arabic,

to encounter in actual conversations or texts. For

this brings up the issue not only of how frequently

independent learners the situation is even more

words are used, but what variety of Arabic those

frustrating. They may pick up a work of fiction or

words come from. Students often complain that

a newspaper and begin to work through the text

Arabs do not speak the way they do “in the textbook.”

looking up unfamiliar words in a dictionary. But they

Today one could add that when Arabs communicate

often have an uncomfortable suspicion that their

by email or post messages on forums, blogs, and

time could be maximized if they could begin with

other social media, they do so in a language that is

the most common words in Arabic, using them as a

not entirely Modern Standard Arabic (MSA) or entirely

core vocabulary on which more extensive reading

dialect, but contains a mixture of both, often

could be based. Finally, frequency dictionaries can be

corresponding to the register, formal or informal,

a valuable tool for language teachers and materials

that the writer wishes to convey. It is often noted

developers. It is often the case that students enter

that even in highly formal social situations few

into an intermediate language course with deficiencies

educated native speakers of Arabic are able to make

in terms of their vocabulary. In these cases the

exclusively and sustained use of MSA, without

teacher often feels frustrated because there doesn’t

resorting to the vocabulary, especially the function

seem to be any systematic way to bring less advanced

words, of their native dialect. Furthermore, due to

students up to speed. With a frequency dictionary,

the popularity of satellite television in the Arab

however, the teacher could assign students to work

world, many Arabs are now exposed daily to speakers

through the list to fill in the gaps in their vocabulary

of dialects other than their own, thereby increasing

in a way that makes most effective use of their time.

their comprehension of the more frequently occurring

And when they develop materials for their students,

vocabulary items of these dialects. Therefore, one

the frequency dictionary can be a guide to the

of the purposes of this book is to identify those

2

Introduction

highly-frequent dialect words that often pop up in

frequency counts conformed to the language

the middle of a conversation, written or spoken, that

attitudes and pedagogical expectations of their day.

is otherwise in MSA, or a simplified form of MSA, or

The situation today, however, is quite different, as

a combination of MSA and dialect. At the same

the use of colloquial Arabic in the media, both

time, it is noted that for communication to take

written and spoken, is widespread and growing, and

place between Arabic-speakers from different dialect

Arabic textbooks for language learners have adjusted

regions, usage of a considerable amount of MSA

to this reality by including some vocabulary and

vocabulary is absolutely necessary. Furthermore, the

phraseology from the major dialects.

dominance of MSA in formal written media and

Currently available frequency dictionaries of

literature is undisputed, and it is certain that MSA

Arabic are seriously outdated and are based on

will continue to occupy the center of most Arabic

corpora that are considered very small by today’s

language curricula. In response to this sociolinguistic

standards. The following is a brief summary and

reality, this dictionary takes into account the current

description of previous frequency dictionaries of

usage status of both MSA and the dialects, and

Arabic, in order of publication:

attempts to provide an accurate record of the frequency of vocabulary used in both varieties.



Brill’s (1940) The Basic Word List of the Arabic Daily Press, was based on a corpus of 136,000

What is in this dictionary?

words from the newspapers of Egypt and

The principal part of this book is the frequency dictionary proper, that is, the list of 5,000 most

Palestine in the late 1930s; •

Aqil’s (1953) al-Mufradat al-Asasiyyyah lil-Qira’ah

frequently used Arabic lemmas, as determined by

al-Ibtida’iyyah (Basic vocabulary for elementary

the process described below. This information is

reading) was based on a corpus of 180,000 words

arranged in four different formats: (i) a main frequency

taken from 18 elementary-level school readers

listing, which lists the lemmas (with their associated information) in order of descending frequency; (ii)

used in six Arab countries; •

Landau’s (1959) A Word Count of Modern Arabic

an alphabetical index of these words; (iii) a frequency

Prose, incorporated Brill’s frequency count of

listing of the words organized by part of speech; and

newspaper prose, and added a frequency count

(iv) thematic lists, or “call-out” boxes, listing groupings

obtained from a comparable corpus of 136,000

of these words into related semantic classes. For pedagogical reasons we have chosen to use

words consisting of essays and learned prose; •

Abduh’s (1979) al-Mufradat al-Sha’icah fi al-

the traditional system of arranging entries by root,

Lughah al-Arabiyyah (Frequently used Arabic

which highlights important aspects of Arabic

vocabulary) included the surveys of Brill, Aqil,

derivational morphology that play an important role

and Landau, to which he added the results of a

in vocabulary development.

survey he made earlier (1955–1957) of 255,000

Each of the entries in the main listing contains

words from Jordanian newspapers and

the word itself (its headword or citation form), its part(s) of speech (verb, noun, adjective, etc.), a

elementary school readers; •

Fromm’s (1982) Häufigkeitswörterbuch der

sample sentence or context reflecting actual usage,

modernen arabischen Zeitungspache (Frequency

an English translation of that context, and summary

dictionary of modern newspaper Arabic), was

statistical information about the usage of that word.

based on a corpus of 79,561 words derived

The dictionary is focused on single words, so the

mainly from the editorial content of the leading

treatment of collocations and multiword expressions

government newspaper of Egypt, Syria,

falls outside its scope.

and Iraq; •

Kouloughli’s (1991) Lexique fondamental de

Previous frequency dictionaries of Arabic

l’arabe standard moderne was based on a corpus

Previously published frequency counts of Arabic have

of 200,000 words taken from newspapers and

focused exclusively on the formal written language,

magazines from all parts of the Arab world, and

Modern Standard Arabic (MSA), and have ignored

includes extracts from plays and short stories of

spoken and dialectal Arabic. To be fair, these

modern writers.

Introduction

3

In addition the above publications, there are two

of spontaneous (unscripted) speech data, consisting

surveys that focused exclusively on Arabic verb

mostly of informal conversations between individuals

frequencies:

from the same country or region in the Arab world. These conversations were conducted primarily in a



Bobzin’s (1980) “Zur Häufigkeit von Verben in

single dialect, although in some cases there was some

Neuhocharabischen,” Zeitschrift für arabische

use of simplified MSA when the register or tone of

Linguistik (5:35–69) computed the frequencies

the conversations was more formal. The dialects and

of 43,543 verbs occuring in literature, cultural

dialect groups represented in this collection were

magazines, and scholarly publications in seven

Egyptian, Levantine, Iraqi, Gulf and Algerian.

Arab countries; •

The remaining 90 percent of the corpus came from

Bobzin’s (1983) “On the Frequency of Verbs

written sources, divided into five different text or

in Modern Newspaper Arabic,” al-Abhath

genre types of equal size, i.e. about 5.4 million words

(31:45–63) surveyed 21,055 verb tokens from

each: (i) daily newswire; (ii) newspaper editorials,

twelve different newspapers published from

opinion essays, regular columns; (iii) learned prose,

Baghdad to Algiers.

consisting mostly of articles in academic and scientific journals, including “Islamic guidance”

Of the above frequency dictionaries only Kouloughli

essays, and popular but formal magazines and

(1991) is currently in print. Since the 1990s

publications; (iv) postings on Internet discussion

considerable progress has been made in corpus-based

forums; and (v) literature and fiction, made up of

computational linguistics, making it possible to survey

short stories, novels, and plays. Several aspects of

much larger amounts of data. In fact, computational

the written corpus are worth pointing out:

corpus-based lexicography of MSA was introduced

With the exception of the literature section, each

some years ago by lexicographers van Mol (2001)

of the five text types contained material originating

and Hoogland, Versteegh, and Woidich (2003), but

from all regions of the Arabic-speaking world, from

corpus-based lexical statistics has not received adequate

Morocco to Oman, and from Syria to Yemen, from

attention. In the meantime, the amount of Arabic

a total of 90 different sources. Practically all of the

data published on the Web has increased dramatically.

texts were published in 2006–2007, with the

Because this new electronic medium provides great

exception of some academic, scientific and popular

freedom for self-expression, published material today

publications from the late 1990s, and some well-

covers not only MSA but also various forms of written

known works of fiction from the 1950s.

Arabic dialect that are undergoing a process of orthographic standardization though widespread use. In order to identify the most frequent 5,000 lexical

The daily newswire section of the corpus was obtained from the official news agency of each country, and was supplemented by front page

items of Arabic one must develop a balanced corpus

(headline) news items from one of the leading

that includes not only the familiar MSA of newswire

newspapers in the same country. In order to avoid

reports, newspaper editorials, academic and scientific

duplicate news items we limited selections to

publications, short stories, novels and other works of

different years: e.g. 2006 for the country’s official

literature, but also the informal written Arabic and

news agency, and 2007 for headline news from the

dialectal Arabic that abounds today on Internet

leading newspaper of that country. The corpus

discussion forums and the personal websites of social

section of newspaper editorials, opinion essays, and

media. A frequency dictionary of Arabic would not

regular columns came primarily from long-standing

be complete without a statistical survey of the daily

and well-known newspapers of major Arab capital

spoken language as well, most of which is also in

cities, as well as the leading pan-Arab newspapers in

dialect. We addressed all these issues in selecting the

London and Paris. Samples of academic, scientific,

corpus we would use for this frequency dictionary.

religious, and popular formal writing was obtained primarily from weekly magazines and monthly journals,

The corpus

although in-depth articles from newspaper publications,

Our dictionary was compiled from a corpus of

especially from the “Friday supplement,” were also

30 million words of which 10 percent was made up

found to fit in well with this genre or text type.

4

Introduction

The corpus section containing postings on Internet

frequency of these surface forms but also their

discussion forums was our primary source for samples

distribution over the corpus. This was done in two

of informal written Arabic as well as written dialect.

separate processes, one for the written corpus and

The discussion forums are dominated by the interests

one for the spoken corpus. The purpose of this was

of youth culture (e.g. sports, technology, videos,

to determine the optimum number of unique

music, and pop stars) and the concerns of women

surface forms or types to analyze, disambiguate in

(e.g. child rearing, marital relations, soap operas, and

context, and tag for lemmatization. We determined

cooking), and have become an important venue for

that we would begin by processing the top 20,000

obtaining religious guidance and medical advice, and

word forms of the written corpus, after which we

for discussing personal and family issues. Although

would examine the yield of disambiguated and

many of these topics have received coverage over

tagged lemmas to determine if a larger selection of

the years in newspapers and magazines, in the forums

word forms was necessary. We used a similar approach

they are covered more informally, directly, and

with the spoken corpus, in which we tagged the

personally. The language of the forums is unedited,

most frequent 10,000 word forms, and then assessed

unevenly censored, and often quickly produced. It

the results in terms of lemmas covered. As it turned

abounds in first and second person discourse, and

out, the combination of both processes yielded some

imperative verb forms, and proved to be an excellent

9,900 unique lemmas, with sufficient statistical

source for the written forms of vocabulary associated

evidence to identify with confidence the top 5,000

primarily with spoken colloquial Arabic. In fact, many

lemmas for this frequency dictionary. Lemmas at the

of the most frequent words in the spoken corpus

very end of the frequency ranking display absolute

also appeared in the forums section of the corpus,

frequency figures of around 200 occurrences, with a

often with considerable orthographic variation.

distribution over 50 percent of the corpus.

Recording this orthographic variation is an important part of the lexicographic description of these words. The literature section of the corpus contained a

The top 20,000 word forms of the written corpus were processed using the Buckwalter (2004) morphological analyzer in order to assign one or

solid core of works by recognized authors such as

more possible lemma tags to each word form, as

Naguib Mahfouz, Tawfiq al-Hakim, Ali Salim, Edwar

well as to identify all prefixes and suffixes that would

al-Kharrat, Tayeb Salih, Ghassan Kanafani, Elias

be listed in the frequency dictionary. The

Khoury, Khalil Gibran, Ahlam Mosteghanemi, Tahar

disambiguation and final tagging of each word form

Ouettar, Najwa Barakat, as well as authors of more

was done in an online interactive concordance and

recent fame such as Rajaa Alsanea and Alaa Al

annotation tool developed at BYU and customized

Aswany. Supplementary works of fiction, especially

for this task. The core idea of the tool was that by

short stories and poems, were obtained from the

allowing the annotator to sort all the concordance

literary section of magazines and newspapers.

lines related to a single word form, either by the

The first four sections of the written corpus (i.e.

word before or the word after the word form, large

newswire, editorials, learned prose, and forums) were

numbers of similar items could quickly be coded at

subdivided into document units of 200,000 words

the same time, saving hundreds of hours of coding

each, so that we had a total of 27 documents of

time. In this tool, the annotator selected from a

equal size in each of these four sections (200,000 ×

menu of possible morphological analyses, applied

27 = 5.4 million words). The literature section of the

the selection to the appropriate lines in the

corpus consisted of 72 documents of varying sizes,

concordance, then clicked on a button to store that

and the spoken corpus consisted of eleven

selection in a database. In other words, the process

subsections, also of varying sizes.

of disambiguation and tagging of the written corpus involved the examination of 20,000 individual

Annotating the data from the corpus

concordance lines. The same process was followed

The first step in annotating the data was to generate

for tagging the 10,000 most frequent word forms in

a frequency count of all surface forms (i.e. Arabic

the spoken corpus. Items for which no acceptable

words as they are actually written, with prefixes and

morphological analysis was available were tagged for

suffixes) taking into account not only the raw

separate processing. Much of the dialectal data, both

Introduction

spoken and written, required manual analysis and

Although suffixes are normally not listed in Arabic

tagging before storing the results in the database.

dictionaries, we decided that the dialectal negative

5

marker –sh was sufficiently important for inclusion.

Organizing and categorizing the data the general organization of lemmas we were guided

Frequency, range, and adjusted frequency (“Selecting the top 5,000 words”)

by the content and arrangement of entries in the

Obtaining the raw or absolute frequency of each

leading comprehensive dictionaries of MSA, namely

lemma was a fairly straightforward computational

Wehr (1985), Kropfitsch (1996), and Hoogland,

process. However, for selecting the most frequent

Versteegh, and Woidich (2003), although some

5,000 lemmas we needed to compute an adjusted

differences among these were duly noted. For guidance

frequency figure that took into consideration the

in integrating dialectal lemmas within the larger

dispersion characteristics of each lemma, that is,

predominantly MSA lexicon we followed Bergman

how each lemma was distributed over the different

(2005) for Algerian, Hinds and Badawi (1986) for

sections and document units of the entire corpus. A

Egyptian, Woodhead and Beene (1967) for Iraqi, and

dispersion figure of 1.00 meant a perfect distribution

Qafisheh (1997) and Holes (2001) for Gulf Arabic.

over all sections of the corpus. We identified 191

For determining the lemma status of words and for

In addition to making use of standard part of

corpus sections, of which 108 were of regular and

speech labels such as “noun” and “adjective,” we also

equal size (200,000 words each from the first four

used the sub-categories “verbal noun” as well as

sections of the written corpus: i.e. newswire, editorials,

“active participle” and “passive participle” when it

learned prose, and forums) and 83 sections of uneven

was felt that the lexicographic description warranted

size (from the literature and spoken corpus data),

such distinctions. Active and passive participles were

and adjustments were made to account for the

lemmatized with their adjectival counterparts, rather

relative size differences. The final adjusted frequency

than counted as instances of the corresponding verb

was obtained by multiplying the raw frequency by

lemma. (A few exceptions were made for dialectal

the dispersion figure. For example, the dialectal word

active participles that had no adjectival counterpart).

‫ ﻛﲈﻥ‬had a raw frequency of 8,928, but because its

However, these lexical items were labeled as active or

usage was restricted to 54.28 percent of the corpus,

passive participles in order to differentiate them

its adjusted frequency was 4,846 (8,928 × 0.5428),

from adjectival uses of the same lemma, in cases

which placed it in rank position 768. Notice the raw

where this usage was attested. It was also observed

frequency and range count (distribution) of the

that in many cases, items that carry the primary label “adjective” could also function syntactically as

lemmas ranked directly before and after ‫( ﻛﲈﻥ‬Table 1). Because the spoken corpus accounted for only

nouns. When such behavior was noted in the corpus

10 percent of the data, much of the high-frequency

data, it was also noted in the description, including

vocabulary of spoken colloquial Arabic did not make

any attested inflectional properties. It is important to

it into the top 5,000 list. Those words that did make

note that the plural forms listed in this frequency

it, however, were dialect vocabulary items that are

dictionary, both regular and irregular (“broken”), are

now also widely used in written media, and were

only those that were attested in the analyzed and

observed to have relatively high frequencies and

tagged corpus. Similarly, dialectal labels within MSA

good distribution especially in the “forums” section

lexical entries were applied only when such usage

of the corpus. In order to “rescue” some of these

was attested in the data.

high-frequency dialect words that are primarily

The morphology analysis and tagging process

spoken, but not written, we experimented briefly

provided detailed statistics on bound morphemes.

with adding weights to the spoken corpus. However,

We have included in this dictionary only those

it quickly became obvious that this process actually

bound morphemes that are traditionally listed in

“promoted” many more MSA words that it did dialect

Arabic lexicons, such as the definite article al-, the

words. Also, a comparison of the lists of words “lost”

conjunctions wa- and fa-, the prepositions bi-, li-, and

and words “gained” showed that there was nothing

ka-, etc. These bound morphemes as listed along

intrinsically “spoken” about the MSA words in

with all the other entries in the alphabetical index.

the words “gained” list.

6

Introduction

Table 1 Frequency and dispersion Lemma

Rank

‫ﹶﻗ ﱠﺮ ﹶﺭ‬ ‫( ﻛﲈﻥ‬Egy.Lev.) ‫ﹶﺣ ﹺﺪﻳﺚ‬

767 768 769

PoS

Gloss

Dispersion

Raw

Adjusted

Frequency

Frequency

v. II

to decide

0.9660

5019

4848.6

adv.

also

0.5428

8928

4845.8

adj.

new; modern

0.9660

5014

4843.5

The main frequency index

section of the corpus. (Although we have computed

The main frequency index presents a rank-order

the individual raw frequencies of all inflected forms,

listing of the top 5,000 lemmas in Arabic, from the

providing these additional statistical details in the

highest-scoring lemma to the lowest-scoring one.

current presentation format was not feasible).

Each entry contains the following information:

The part of speech rank frequency (1, 2, 3, …), headword, part(s)

Verbs were labeled with a part of speech code

of speech, English glosses (including any

accompanied by the traditional Roman numeral

additional part of speech tags and relevant

designation for the derived form measures, namely

dialect labels), sample sentence or context,

I through X for triliteral roots, and QI and QII for

English translation of sample sentence or

quadrilateral roots. (Quadriliterals of form III and IV

context, range count (dispersion), raw frequency

were not attested in the corpus). The part of speech

total, indication of register variation

tags of triliteral form I verbs also make note of the

For example, here is the entry for the word 3495

‫ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻠ ﹶﻌ ﹶﻘﺔ‬:

‫ ﻣ ﹺ‬spoon; (also Egy.Lev.) ‫ﻣﻌ ﹶﻠ ﹶﻘﺔ‬ ‫ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻠ ﹶﻌ ﹶﻘﺔ‬n. pl. ‫ﻼﻋﻖ‬ ‫ﹶﹾ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ﺗﴩﺏ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﻱ ﰲ ﻛﻮﺏ ﻣﻊ ﺛﻼﺙ ﻣﻼﻋﻖ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺴﻜﺮ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺣﻠﻴﺐ‬She drinks tea from a cup

stem vowel of the Imperfect. All verbal nouns were lemmatized and counted separately from their respective verbs, and are often listed with their corresponding nominalized forms. The distinction between noun and verbal noun was made explicit primarily when the data provided ready evidence of

with three spoonfuls of sugar and without

the noun’s inflection for number, which was also

milk

noted in the entry. Gender labels were provided for

unmarked feminine nouns (e.g. ‫ ﺣﺮﺏ‬fem.n.) as well

41 | 873 | +for

as masculine nouns with feminine suffixes (e.g. 3495 is

‫ ﺧﻠﻴﻔﺔ‬masc.n.). Collective nouns were labeled as such (e.g. ‫ ﻭﺭﻕ‬coll.n.) and their unit nouns were also identified (e.g. ‫ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ‬u.n.), provided that they had

also imply that it was attested in the corpus). The

been attested in the corpus.

This entry shows that the word in rank position

‫ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻠ ﹶﻌ ﹶﻘﺔ‬, which is glossed as “spoon,” and that ‫ﹺ‬ its plural form is ‫( ﹶﻣﻼﻋﻖ‬and by listing the plural we

entry goes on to say that in Egyptian and Levantine data the interesting variant form

‫ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻌ ﹶﻠ ﹶﻘﺔ‬occurred. An

The English gloss

Arabic sentence from the corpus illustrates usage

The English glosses are not comprehensive, but

of the word—in this case the plural form—and is

attempt to capture the most important or frequent

followed by an English translation. The last line in

meanings of the lemma. (In the alphabetical index,

the entry presents the range count figure of 41,

the glosses were further reduced to what could fit

meaning that usage of this word was distributed

on one line of text). When concordance data showed

over 41 percent of the corpus; the raw frequency

a specific high-frequency collocation or idiomatic

figure of 873, which is the total number of occurrences

use whose meaning might not be deduced from the

for the singular and plural forms combined; and the

meaning of the lemma in isolation, an attempt was

“genre bias” tag +for, which indicates that a significant

made to include the collocation and its gloss within

majority of uses were attested in the “forums”

the entry. Dialectal use was also noted in the English

Introduction

gloss field, as well as any relevant pronunciation information.

7

specific to informal on-line written discourse (e.g.

‫ﻣﺸﻜﻮﺭ‬, ‫ﺟﺰﺍﻙ‬, ‫ﻣﱪﻭﻙ‬, ‫ﺟﺰﻳﻼ‬, and ‫ )ﺍﻧﺸﺎﷲ‬as well as z

z

the computer-oriented vocabulary of Arab Internet

Dialect information

citizens (e.g. ‫ ﺭﺍﺑﻂ‬, ‫ﲢﻤﻴﻞ‬, ‫ﺣﺬﻑ‬, ‫ﺯﺭ‬ ‫ ﹼ‬, and ß

Dialect labels were applied to lemmas that were

z

z

‫)ﺇﻳﻤﻴﻞ‬.

exclusively dialectal, as well as lemmas that were

Thematic vocabulary (“call-out boxes”)

primarily MSA but also manifested certain dialect-

Some 30 tables of thematically-related words have

influenced uses that showed up in the data.

been placed throughout the frequency index. Some

Sometimes it was simply a frequent dialectal or

of these tables include lists of words related to

regional spelling, like

specific semantic classes, such as food, clothing,

‫( ﭼﺎﻥ‬and ‫ )ﺟﺎﻥ‬for the verb ‫ﻛﺎﻥ‬,

multiple pronunciations and spelling variations of

sports, colors, nationalities, and professions. Other

what can essentially be considered the same word

tables focus more on grammatical aspects of Arabic,

(e.g. ‫ ﻫﻢ‬/hum/ “they,” which in the various dialects can be pronounced /humma/, /humme/ and /ham/, and written ‫ﳘﻪ‬, ‫ﳘﺎ‬, and z

‫)ﳘﻲ‬, or specific dialectal

‫ﻋﻴﺶ‬, (“life”) which is “bread”

meanings, such as

such as the derivational morphology system of base and augmented verbs, or the vocabulary of the regional varieties or different dialects of Arabic. In order to be more complete, some of these tables list

in Egyptian, and “rice” in Gulf dialects. We applied

vocabulary beyond the set of 5,000 described in the

dialectal labels only to describe what was observed

frequency index. Finally, although proper names are

and attested in the corpus.

often excluded from frequency dictionaries, names in Arabic are especially challenging for the learner

Phrase in context and translation

because of the absence of capitalization in Arabic,

The sample sentences and usage contexts came from

and because many names are also used as common

the corpus itself. It should also be noted that for the

nouns and adjectives. Our tables show, for example,

sake of authenticity some common inconsistencies

that the most frequent female given name is

in Arabic spelling regarding the use of hamza,

(“flower”). Although names were not included in

particularly, and yaa’ without the two dots at the

the list of top 5,000 lemmas, we obtained their

end of words, were left unchanged in the examples.

individual frequencies and separate ranking in the

These sample sentences also reflect real-world usage

process of disambiguating and tagging the data used

and certain ideological biases, and may not always

for selecting the top 5,000 lemmas.

‫ﺯﻫﺮﺓ‬

be factual or politically correct. Their use in this dictionary does not imply any editorial endorsement

Alphabetical and part of speech indexes

of the ideas conveyed in these examples.

The alphabetical index lists all 5,000 lemmas alphabetically according to the root system that is

Statistical and register information

followed in most dictionaries and which facilitates

The last line of each entry contains two numbers

internalizing the root and pattern morphology

separated by a vertical bar. The number on the left

system of Arabic. The entries in the index are

is the range count or dispersion figure discussed

considerably abbreviated in order to fit on one line

above. The number on the right is the raw frequency

of text. Each entry provides the headword citation

total of all the variant and inflected forms of the

form, the part of speech, a basic English gloss, and

lemma represented by this entry. Some entries will

the lemma’s score (rank frequency) in the dictionary.

contain additional register variation codes which

The full description of the lemma can be found by

record the observed “genre bias” of the lemma.

looking up the rank frequency number in the main

These codes indicate whether the lemma occurred

frequency listing.

primarily in spoken data (+spo), in newspaper

The part of speech index provides two sections:

material (+news), in literature (+lit), or in informal

one listing Function words (conjunctions,

written Arabic, i.e. the postings on Internet forums

interjections, interrogatives, numbers, particles,

(+for). Note that by definition, data marked as +spo

prepositions, and pronouns) and the other listing

is almost all dialectal. Data marked as +for, however,

Lexical words (adjectives, adverbs, elatives, nouns,

contains a good balance of written dialect (e.g.

and verbs). Each part of speech category is listed in

‫ﻋﺸﺎﻥ‬, ‫ﻛﺪﻩ‬, ‫ﺧﺎﻟﺺ‬, ‫ﻳﺎﺭﻳﺖ‬, and ‫ )ﻋﻘﺒﺎﻝ‬and MSA that is z

z

z

descending rank frequency order.

References

Abduh, D. (1979)

Hoogland, J., Versteegh, K., and Woidich, M.

al-Mufradat al-Sha’i’ah fi al-Lughah al-Arabiyyah.

eds (2003)

[Frequently used Arabic vocabulary]. Riyadh:

Woordenboek Arabisch-Nederlands. Amsterdam:

University of Riyadh.

Bulaaq.

Bergman, E. (2005)

Kouloughli, D. (1991)

Spoken Algerian Arabic. Springfield, VA:

Lexique fondamental de l’arabe standard

Dunwoody Press.

moderne. Paris: L’Harmattan.

Bobzin, H. (1980)

Kropfitsch, L. (1996)

“Zur Häufigkeit von Verben in Neuhocharabischen.”

Langenscheidt Handwörterbuch Arabisch-Deutsch.

Zeitschrift für arabische Linguistik 5: 35–69.

Berlin: Langenscheidt.

Bobzin, H. (1983)

Landau, J.M. (1959)

“On the Frequency of Verbs in Modern

A Word Count of Modern Arabic Prose. New York:

Newspaper Arabic.” Al-Abhath 31: 45–63.

ACLS.

Brill, M. (1940)

No author (c. 1979)

The Basic Word List of the Arabic Daily Press.

Qa’imat Makkah lil-Mufradat al-Sha’i’ah.

Jerusalem: Hebrew University Press.

Mecca: Al-Wahda.

Buckwalter, T. (2004)

Qafisheh, H. (1997)

Buckwalter Arabic Morphological Analyzer.

NTC’s Gulf Arabic-English dictionary. Lincolnwood,

Philadelphia: Linguistic Data Consortium.

Ill.: NTC Pub. Group.

Fromm, W-D. (1982)

van Mol, M. (2001)

Häufigkeitswörterbuch der modernen arabischen

Leerwoordenboek Arabisch-Nederlands.

Zeitungspache: ein Mindestwortschatz: arabisch,

Amsterdam: Bulaaq.

deutsch, englisch. Leipzig: Verlag Enzyklopädie. Hinds, M. and Badawi, S. (1986) A Dictionary of Egyptian Arabic: Arabic-English. Beirut: Librairie du Liban. Holes, C. (2001)

Wehr, H. (1985) Arabisches Wörterbuch für die Schriftsprache der Gegenwart. 5th ed. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz. Woodhead, D.R. and Beene, W. eds (1967) A Dictionary of Iraqi Arabic: Arabic-English.

Dialect, Culture, and Society in Eastern Arabia:

Washington, DC: Georgetown University

Vol. I, Glossary. Leiden: Brill.

Press.

Frequency index Format of entries rank frequency, headword, part of speech, English equivalent sample sentence — English translation range count | raw frequency total | genre bias tag

1

‫ ﺍﻟـ‬part. (definite article) the; (written ‫ ﻝ‬after ‫ ﹺ‬ß‫ﺘﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻟﹺ ﹾﻠ ﹺﻜ ﹺ‬ prep. ‫)ﻟـ‬ß ‫ — ﺃﻣﴣ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺋﻊ ﺣﻴﺎﺗﻪ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻷﳌﺎﺱ‬The

4

‫ ﹺﻣﻦ‬prep. from; (with foll. verb or vn.) since ‫ ﺇﻣﺎ ﺃﻥ ﻧﴩﺏ ﻣﻨﻪ ﻣﺎﺀ ﻋﺬﺑﺎ ﻭﺇﻣﺎ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻔﻦ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺓ ﻋﻦ ﻛﺄﺱ‬ ‫ — ﺃﻥ ﻧﺘﺠﺮﻉ ﻣﻨﻪ ﻣﺎ ﻳﻐﻀﺐ ﺍﷲ‬Art is just a cup, we

seller spent his life searching for diamonds

can either use it to drink fresh water or we can

100 | 5004793 |

use it to gulp down that which angers God (i.e. alcohol)

2

‫ ﹶﻭ‬conj. and; prep. with ‫ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﻣﺴﺆﻭﻟﻴﺔ ﻋﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﻭﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﻣﺴﺆﻭﻟﻴﺔ ﻓﻠﺴﻄﻴﻨﻴﺔ‬،‫— ﻧﻌﻢ‬ Yes, there is an Arab responsibility and there

100 | 745190 |

5

is a Palestinian responsibility 99 | 1110144 |

3

‫ ﹺﰲ‬prep. in, inside; on (a date); at (a time); about ‫ﹺ‬ (a topic); among (with pl. pron.) ‫ ﻓﻴﻜﹸﻢ‬among ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ ﹶﻫﻞ ﻓﻴﻨﺎ ﺃ ﹾ‬could we...? you; could (in requests) ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺑﻨﺎ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﰱ ﻋﻮﻥ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﰱ ﻓﺮﻧﺴﺎ ﻭﰲ ﲨﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻝ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ‬May our Lord help the Muslims in

‫ ﻟﹺـ‬prep. for, to; (with pron.) ‫ ﱠﹺﱄ‬/‫ ﹺﱄ‬but ‫ ﹶﻟـ‬for all others: ‫ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ‬,ß‫ﳍﹶﺎ‬, etc. ‫ﻛﻴﻒ ﺗﻌﺎﻣﻠﺖ ﺍﳊﻜﻮﻣﺔ ﺍﻹﻳﺮﺍﻧﻴﺔ ﻣﻌﻜﻢ ﺑﻌﺪ ﻭﺻﻮﻝ‬ ‫؟‬١٩٧٩ ‫ — ﺍﻹﻣﺎﻡ ﺍﳋﻤﻴﻨﻲ ﻟﻠﺤﻜﻢ ﺧﻠﻔﺎ ﻟﻠﺸﺎﻩ ﰲ‬How did the Iranian government deal with you after Imam Khomeini assumed power in succession to the Shah in 1979? 100 | 584786 |

France and in all Muslim countries 99 | 924823 |

1 Animals 1233 1267 1916 2403 2456 2665 2730 2884 3103 3148 3174 3307 3339

‫ﻃﲑ‬ ‫ﻛﻠﺐ‬ ‫ﺳﻤﻚ‬ ‫ﻃﺎﺋﺮ‬ ‫ﺧﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺩﺟﺎﺝ‬ ‫ﲪﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺫﺋﺐ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻗﻂ‬ ‫ﺃﺳﺪ‬ ‫ﻭﺣﺶ‬ ‫ﺣﺼﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻘﺮ‬

bird

3860

dog

3969

fish

3998

bird

4207

horse

4354

chickens

4575

donkey

5042

wolf

5145

cat

5231

lion

5372

beast

5414

horse

5663

cows

5980

‫ﻋﺼﻔﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﲨﻞ‬ ‫ﻧﺤﻞ‬ ‫ﲪﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺟﻦ‬ ‫ﺣﴩﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﺄﺭ‬ ‫ﻏﻨﻢ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻜﺒﻮﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺱ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﻚ‬

bird

6175

camel

6246

bees

6256

dove

6283

chicken

6447

insect

6658

mouse

7106

sheep

7155

spider

7297

elephant steed, horse

7563

horse

7607

rooster

7869

‫ﺑﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﲪﻞ‬ ‫ﺩﺏ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺻﻘﺮ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺮ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺍﺵ‬ ‫ﻳﺮﺍﻉ‬ ‫ﺣ ﹼﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﻓﻬﺪ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻱ‬ ‫ﺑﻜﺮ‬

owl lamb bear falcon, hawk tiger butterflies firefly snake white antelope, addax lynx goat young camel

10

6

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

‫ ﺑﹺـ‬prep. with, by; (with pron.) ‫ ﹺﲠﺎ‬,ß‫ ﺑﹺ ﹺﻪ‬,ß‫ ﹺﱠﰊ‬, etc.; ‫ ﺑﹺ ﹶﺴ ﹶﺒ ﹺ‬because of, due to ‫ﺐ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺍﳊﻜﻮﻣﺔ ﺍﻹﴎﺍﺋﻴﻠﻴﺔ ﺗﺮﻳﺪ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻌﻴﺶ ﺷﻌﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ — ﺑﺄﻣﺎﻥ ﻓﺈﻥ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻠﺘﺰﻡ ﺑﻘﺮﺍﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻷﻣﻢ ﺍﳌﺘﺤﺪﺓ‬If

13

the Israeli government wants its people to live in

lead to a wide-ranging conflict

security, then it has to adhere to the United

94 | 192807 |

Nations resolutions 100 | 553234 |

7

14

‫ ﹶﻋ ﹶﲆ‬prep. on, above; (with pron.) ‫ ; ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴـ‬ß‫ﻋ ﹶﱠﹶﲇ‬ on/above me (Dia.) ‫( ; ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹼﻴﺎ‬Lev.) ‫ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﱢﻴﻲ‬ ‫ﺳﻘﻂ ﺍﳊﺎﺝ ﳏﻤﻮﺩ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﻣﻦ ﺷﺪﺓ ﻭﻗﻊ ﺍﳋﱪ ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ — ﻧﻔﺴﻪ‬Hajj Mahmud fell on the ground due to

publicity? 100 | 180308 |

99 | 518692 |

‫ ﹶﺃﻥﱠ‬conj. that (with foll. noun in acc.); ‫ﹺ‬ (with pron.) ‫ ﹶﺃ ﱢﲏ‬and ‫ ﹶﺃﻧﱠﻨﻲ‬that I; ‫ ﹶﺃﻧﱠﻨﺎ‬and (less frequently) ‫ ﹶﺃﻧﹼﺎ‬that we ‫ — ﻫﻞ ﻫﺬﺍ ﻳﻌﻨﻲ ﺃﻧﻜﻢ ﺳﺘﺪﻋﻤﻮﻥ ﻣﻮﻗﻒ ﺳﻮﺭﻳﺎ؟‬Does

15

9

‫ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱃ‬prep. to, towards; till, until; (with pron.) ‫ﺇﹺ ﹶﻟ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‬ to him/it, ‫ﱄ‬ ‫ ﺇﹺ ﹶﱠ‬to me ‫ ﺇﻻ ﺃﻥ ﺃﻋﲆ‬،‫ﻳﺄﰐ ﺇﻟﻴﻨﺎ ﺍﻟﺴﻮﺍﺡ ﻣﻦ ﳐﺘﻠﻒ ﺩﻭﻝ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﱂ‬ ‫ — ﻧﺴﺒﺔ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﺗﺄﰐ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻭﺭﻭﺑﺎ‬Tourists come to us from all countries of the world, but the highest

100 | 170778 |

16

99 | 155507 |

17

99 | 299648 |

‫ ﻛﺎﻥﹶ‬v. I (u) to be; (Irq.Gul.) ‫ ﭼﺎﻥ‬/chaan/ ‫— ﺃﱂ ﺗﻜﻮﲏ ﺍﳌﺮﺃﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻗﻠﺒﺖ ﺣﻴﺎﰐ ﺭﺃﺳﺎ ﻋﲆ ﻋﻘﺐ؟‬

till they fell asleep 99 | 152096 |

upside down?

11

18

‫ ﺍ ﱠﻟﺘﹺﻲ‬rel.pron. (fem.sg.) who, whom; which ‫ﻋﲔ ﰱ ﻗﺴﻢ ﺍﳍﻴﺴﺘﻮﻟﻮﺟﻰ ﺑﺪﻻ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳉﺮﺍﺣﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ — ﻛﺎﻥ ﳛﻠﻢ ﲠﺎ‬He was appointed in the Histology

‫ ﻻ‬neg.part. no; not, non-; ‫ ﹶﻭﻻ‬...‫ ﹶﻭﻻ‬neither...nor; ‫ ﺃﻻ‬doesn’t/didn’t...?; (Dia.) ‫ ﻷ‬/la’/ no ‫— ﺇﻧﻪ ﻻ ﻳﻌﺮﻑ ﺇﻥ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻣﺎ ﻳﻘﺮﺃ ﻣﻘﺎﻻ ﻟﻠﺮﺃﻱ ﺃﻭ ﺧﱪﺍ‬

Department instead of General Surgery which he

He doesn’t know whether what he is reading is

95 | 155316 |

had been dreaming of

an opinion article or a piece of news 99 | 247225 |

12

‫ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻊ‬prep. with; ‫ ٰﺫﻟﹺ ﹶﻚ‬/‫ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻊ ٰﻫﺬﺍ‬nevertheless; ‫ﹶﻣﻌ ﹰﺎ‬ together; (Dia.) ‫( ﹶﻣﻌﺎ‬with pron.) ‫ ﹶﻣﻌﺎﻙ‬, ß‫ ﹶﻣﻌﺎﻱ‬, ß ‫ ﹶﻣﻌﺎﻳﺎ‬, etc.; ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻼ ﹶﻣﺔ‬ ‫ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻊ ﱠ‬goodbye! ‫ — ﺫﻫﺒﺖ ﻋﻨﺪﳘﺎ ﻭﺑﻘﺖ ﻣﻌﻬﲈ ﺣﺘﻰ ﻧﺎﻣﺎ‬She went to (both of ) them and stayed with (both of ) them

Weren’t you the woman who turned my life 100 | 281097 |

‫ ٰﻫﺬﺍ‬dem.pron. this (masc.sg.); ‫( ﻫﺎﺫﺍ‬non-standard spelling); ‫( ﻫﺪﺍ‬substandard or dialect spelling) ‫ — ﻫﺬﺍ ﻣﺎ ﻳﻨﺘﻈﺮﻩ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﱂ‬This is what the world is waiting for

percentage of them comes from Europe

10

‫ ﹶ‬v. I (u) to say ‫ﺇﻥ‬ ‫ ﱠ‬that, to tell ‫ ﻝ‬sb ‫ﺇﻥ‬ ‫ ﱠ‬that ‫ﻗﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻻ ﺑﺪ ﺃﻥ ﺃﻗﻮﻝ ﺇﻧﻨﻲ ﻻ ﺃﺧﺘﺎﺭ ﻣﻮﺍﺿﻴﻊ ﻛﺘﺒﻲ ﻭﺇﻧﲈ ﻫﻲ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﲣﺘﺎﺭﲏ‬I must say that I don’t choose the topics of my books, they choose me

this mean that you will support Syria’s position? 99 | 303942 |

‫ ﹶﻋﻦ‬prep. from, about; (with pron.) ‫ ﹶﻋﻨﱢﻲ‬from/about ‫ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﹶﻃ ﹺﺮ ﹺ‬by way of, via me; ‫ ﹶﻋﻨﹼﺎ‬from/about us; ‫ﻳﻖ‬ ‫ﱂ ﺗﺼﺪﺭ ﻧﴩﺍﺕ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﺓ ﻋﻨﻜﻢ؛ ﻣﺎ ﺳﺒﺐ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺺ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻣﻲ؟‬No new bulletins have been issued about you; what is the reason for this lack of

the strong impact of the news on him

8

‫ ﹶﺃﻥﹾ‬conj. (with subjunctive) to; ‫ ﹺﻷﹶ ﹾﻥ‬in order to; ‫( ﹶﺑ ﹾﻌﺪﹶ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻥ‬with perf. or imperf.): ‫ﺐ‬ ‫ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻌﺪﹶ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻥ ﹶﺫ ﹶﻫ ﹶ‬after he went, ‫ﺐ‬ ‫ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻌﺪﹶ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻥ ﹶﻳ ﹾﺬ ﹶﻫ ﹶ‬after he goes ‫ — ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺆﺩﻱ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺇﱃ ﴏﺍﻉ ﺷﺎﻣﻞ‬That could

‫ ﺍﷲ‬n. God, Allah; (with prep. ‫) ﻟﹺـ‬ßß‫ ﷲ‬/li-l-laah/; ‫ﹶﻭﺍﷲﹺ‬ (I swear) by God; (in names) ‫ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﷲ‬Abdallah, ‫ ﻧﴫ ﺍﷲ‬Nasrallah ‫ — ﺇﻥ ﺍﳊﻤﺪ ﷲ ﻧﺤﻤﺪﻩ ﻭﻧﺴﺘﻌﻴﻨﻪ ﻭﻧﺴﺘﻐﻔﺮﻩ‬Praise God.

19

‫ ﻛ ﹼﹸﻞ‬n. each; every; all (of ); ‫ ﺍﻟﻜ ﹼﹸﻞ‬everyone; ‫ ﻛ ﱡﹸﻞ ﹶﹾﳾ ﹴﺀ‬everything; ‫ ﻛ ﱡﹸﻞ ﻣﺎ‬everything that; ‫ﻛ ﱡﹸﻞ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻦ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ everyone that; ‫ ﻛ ﱞﹸﻞ ﻣﻦ‬each one of (the following); ‫ ﻋﹶﲆ ﻛ ﱟﹸﻞ‬in any case, anyhow; ‫ﹶﻋﻜ ﱟﹸﻞ‬ (Lev.) adv. anyways

‫ — ﱂ ﺗﺘﻜﻠﻢ ﺑﻜﻞ ﻣﺎ ﺗﻌﻠﻢ‬She didn’t say everything

We praise Him and seek His help and forgiveness

she knows

99 | 211480 |

100 | 145875 |

Frequency index

20

21

‫ ﹸﻫ ﹶﻮ‬pron. he, it; (Dia.) /huwwa/, (Lev.) /huwwe/ ‫ ﺑﻞ ﻫﻮ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻫﺒﻂ ﻋﻠﻴﻨﺎ ﺩﻭﻥ‬..‫ﱂ ﺃﻓﻌﻞ ﺷﻴﺌﺎ ﻏﲑ ﻻﺋﻖ‬ ‫ — ﻣﻮﻋﺪ‬I didn’t do anything inappropriate. In

27

didn’t...?

‫ﺍﻟﻼﻓﺖ ﺃﻥ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺒﻄﻞ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﺒﻲ ﱂ ﻳﺸﻌﺮ ﻳﻮﻣﺎ ﺑﺄﻱ ﻧﺪﻡ‬ ‫ — ﺇﺯﺍﺀ ﻣﺎ ﺍﺭﺗﻜﺐ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺷﻨﻴﻌﺔ‬What is

an appointment

intriguing is that this anti-hero never felt

99 | 115797 |

any remorse for the heinous actions he committed 96 | 94821 |

28

23

24

— A person who smokes and doesn’t exercise

reason and found out that the post office sent it

at all gets tired in a quarter of an hour

to the district (building), not the city (building)

69 | 127514 |

‫ ٰﻫ ﹺﺬ ﹺﻩ‬dem.pron. this (fem.sg.), these (things) ‫ﻣﻬﻤﺔ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳌﺼﺤﺔ ﺃﻥ ﺗﺴﺎﻋﺪ ﺍﳌﺮﴇ ﺍﳌﻴﺌﻮﺱ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ — ﺷﻔﺎﺋﻬﻢ‬The mission of this hospice is to help

29

‫ ﹶ‬and the vn. ‫) ﹶﻗ ﹾﻮﻝ‬ ‫ ﺇﹺﻥﱠ‬conj. (after the verb ‫ﻗﺎﻝ‬ ‫ ﺇﹺ ﱢﲏ‬and (less frequently) ‫ﺇﹺﻧﱠﻨﹺﻲ‬ that I; ‫ ﺇﹺﻧﱠﻨﺎ‬and ‫ ﺇﹺﻧﹼﺎ‬that we ‫ — ﻗﺎﻝ ﺇﻥ ﺍﳌﺤﺎﻓﻈﺔ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﺪﺕ ﺟﻴﺪﺍ ﳍﺬﻩ ﺍﳌﻨﺎﺳﺒﺔ‬He that; (with pron.)

the incurably ill

said that the district prepared well for this

99 | 110618 |

occasion

‫ ﹶﺃﻭ‬conj. or ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻨﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻨﻲ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻀﻴﻌﺔ ﻗﺪ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﺑﲔ ﺃﺏ ﻭﺍﺑﻨﻪ ﺃﻭ ﺑﲔ‬ ‫ — ﺭﺟﻞ ﻭﺭﺟﻞ ﻭﻟﻜﻦ ﺃﺑﺪﺍ ﻟﻴﺲ ﺑﲔ ﺃﺏ ﻭﺍﺑﻨﺘﻪ‬Public

99 | 86705 |

hugging in the village can take place between a

‫ ﻣﺎ‬rel.pron. what, whatever, that which ‫ﺃﺻﺒﺢ ﺑﻤﻘﺪﻭﺭ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﻌﻤﺮﻳﻦ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻘﺘﻠﻮﺍ ﻣﺎ ﺷﺎﺀﻭﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳍﻨﻮﺩ‬ ‫ — ﺑﻼ ﺃﺩﻧﻰ ﻇﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﺪﻡ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﻮﺭ ﺑﺎﻟﺬﻧﺐ‬The

father and his son or a man and another man,

colonists were able to kill whatever Indians they

but never between a father and his daughter

wanted to, without the slightest shadow of regret

99 | 108848 |

or feelings of guilt

‫ ﺍ ﱠﻟ ﹺﺬﻱ‬rel.pron. (masc.sg.) who, whom; which ‫ﱂ ﻳﺒﻖ ﺳﻮ￯ ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﳊﻘﻴﺒﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻗﺪ ﺗﺸﻬﺪ ﻋﲆ ﻣﺮﻭﺭﻩ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ — ﻫﻨﺎ‬There is nothing left but that bag which

30

87 | 95564 |

31

‫ ﺑﹺـ‬/bi–/ (Egy.Lev.) part. (with imperf., indicates continuous or habitual action;

may testify to his passing through here

Lev. also /mi-/ with 1st pers. pl.);

‫ ﺑﻴﻘﻮﻝ‬/bii’uul/

he says, he’s saying; ‫؟‬...‫ ﺑﺘﺤﺐ‬/bitHibb/ would

96 | 108664 |

25

‫ ﻣﺎ‬neg.part. not; ‫ ﹶﺃﻣﺎ‬don’t/doesn’t/didn’t...? ‫ﺍﻟﲇ ﺑﻴﺪﺧﻦ ﻭﻣﺎ ﺑﻴﻌﻤﻞ ﺭﻳﺎﺿﺔ ﳖﺎﺋﻴﺎ ﺑﻴﺘﻌﺐ ﺑﺮﺑﻊ ﺳﺎﻋﺔ‬

letter was not received, so I inquired about the

95 | 117124 |

22

‫ ﹶﱂ ﹾ‬neg.part. (with jussive) did not; ‫ﹶﺃ ﹶﱂ ﹾ‬

fact, he is the one who dropped in on us without

‫ ﹶﻓـ‬conj. and, so; (Dia.) sometimes written separately as ‫ﻓﺎ‬ ‫ ﻓﻮﺟﺪﺕ ﺃﻥ‬،‫ ﻓﺎﺳﺘﻔﴪﺕ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﺴﺒﺐ‬،‫ﱂ ﺗﺼﻞ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺭﺟﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﱪﻳﺪ ﺃﺭﺳﻠﻮﻫﺎ ﻟﻠﻤﺤﺎﻓﻈﺔ ﻭﻟﻴﺲ ﻟﻠﻤﺪﻳﻨﺔ‬The

you like...?

‫ ﹶﺃﻧﺎ‬pron. I ‫ﺃﺭﺟﻮﻛﻢ ﺳﺎﻋﺪﻭﲏ ﻓﺄﻧﺎ ﻻ ﺃﻃﻴﻖ ﻣﺎ ﺣﺼﻞ ﻭﻣﺎ ﺳﻴﺤﺼﻞ‬

‫— ﻗﻮﻝ ﺑﺴﻢ ﺍﷲ ﺍﻟﺮﲪﻦ ﺍﻟﺮﺣﻴﻢ ﻭﺍﻧﺖ ﺑﺘﻔﺘﺢ‬ Say “in the name of God, the Merciful, the

— Please help me as I can’t endure what

Compassionate” as you open (the door)

happened and what will happen

97 | 84571 | +spo +for

99 | 104898 |

26

11

‫ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻮﻡ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹼﻳﺎﻡ‬day; ‫ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻴ ﹾﻮ ﹶﻡ‬today; (‫ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻮﻣ ﹰﺎ )ﻣﺎ‬some day; ‫ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻮ ﹶﻣﻬﺎ‬that day; ‫ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻮﻣ ﹰﺎ‬ever; (with neg.)

never

‫ﺷﻬﺪﺕ ﳏﺎﻓﻈﺔ ﻋﺠﻠﻮﻥ ﺧﻼﻝ ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻣﲔ ﺍﳌﺎﺿﻴﲔ ﺗﺴﺎﻗﻄﺎ‬ ‫ — ﻛﺜﻴﻔﺎ ﻟﻸﻣﻄﺎﺭ‬Ajloun district witnessed heavy

32

‫ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻴ ﹶﻦ‬and ‫ ﻣﺎ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻴ ﹶﻦ‬prep. between; among; (with ‫ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻴﻨﹺﻲ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻴﻨ ﹶﹶﻚ‬between ( just) me and you; ‫ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻴﻨﹶﻨﺎ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻴﻨ ﹸﹶﻬﻢ‬between us and them; ‫ﻓﹺﻴﲈ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻴﻨﹶﻨﺎ‬ pron.)

among ourselves

‫— ﺭﺑﲈ ﻛﻨﺖ ﺃﺭﻳﺪ ﺃﻥ ﺃﺿﻊ ﺣﺎﺟﺰﺍ ﺑﻴﻨﻲ ﻭﺑﻴﻨﻚ‬ Maybe I wanted to put a barrier between

rainfall during the past two days

me and you

100 | 93393 |

99 | 81509 |

12

33

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

‫ ﹺﻫ ﹶﻲ‬pron. she; it (fem.sg.); they (non-human pl.); ‫ ﻫﻲ‬and ‫( ﻫﻴﻪ‬Egy.Irq.Gul.) /hiyya/, (Lev.) /hiyye/ ‫ — ﻫﻲ ﺗﻌﺮﻑ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻮﻟﺪ ﻳﴪﻕ‬She knows that the

40

pron. often indicating possession = “to have”)

‫ ﹺﻋﻨ ﹺﹾﺪﻱ‬I have, ‫ ﻣﺎ ﹺﻋﻨ ﹺﹾﺪﻱ‬I don’t have ‫ﻫﻲ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﻗﻊ ﺍﺑﻨﺔ ﻋﻤﻲ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻛﻨﺖ ﺃﻗﻴﻢ ﻋﻨﺪﻩ ﺃﻳﺎﻡ‬ ‫ — ﺩﺭﺍﺳﺘﻲ‬Actually she is the daughter of my

boy steals 99 | 79477 |

34

uncle whom I used to live with back in the days

‫ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻌﺪﹶ‬prep. after; (with pron.) ‫ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻌﺪﹶ ﹸﻩ‬after him/it, ‫ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻌ ﹺﺪﻱ‬after me ‫ﺍﻛﺘﺸﻒ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺛﻼﺛﲔ ﻋﺎﻣﺎ ﺃﻧﻪ ﺃﺧﻄﺄ ﺑﺎﳍﺠﺮﺓ ﺇﱃ ﺃﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ‬ — He realized after thirty years that he made

when I was a student 99 | 60994 |

41

a mistake by immigrating to America 99 | 76319 |

35

‫ ﻳﺎ‬voc.part. (you) O...!; !‫ ﻳﺎ ﹸﺃ ﹾﺳﺘﺎﺫ‬Sir!; interj. oh! how (wonderful, horrible, etc.) !‫ ﻳﺎ ﹶﺳﻼﻡ‬wow!; (Dia.) ‫ﻳﺎ‬..‫ ﻳﺎ‬conj. either...or; (Irq.) interrog. which ‫ — ﻫﻞ ﺃﻧﺖ ﺷﻴﻮﻋﻲ ﻳﺎ ﺻﺪﻳﻘﻲ؟‬Are you a

36

females 100 | 59417 |

42

‫ ٰﺫﻟﹺ ﹶ‬dem.pron. that (masc.sg.) ‫ﻚ‬ ‫ ﻡ ﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﻛﻨﺖ ﰲ ﺯﻳﺎﺭﺓ‬١٩٨٠ ‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﺫﻟﻚ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ — ﻟﻠﻌﺎﺻﻤﺔ ﺍﻹﻳﻄﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬That was in the year 1980 AD

slaughtered the only (female) camel he owned and offered it as food to his guest in respect

99 | 75488 |

‫ﹶ‬ ‫ ﹶﻗﺪﹾ‬part. (with perf.) has/have already; ‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﹶﻗﺪﹾ‬ ‫ ﹶﻳﻜ ﹸ‬will have already had already; ‫ﹸﻮﻥ ﹶﻗﺪﹾ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻘﺒﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﺍﺋﻲ ﻗﺪ ﺧﻠﻒ ﰲ ﻧﻔﺴﻬﺎ ﺷﻌﻮﺭﺍ‬ ‫ — ﻣﻘﺒﻀﺎ‬This hostile reception left a tight

and appreciation 99 | 56329 |

43

‫ ﻭﺇﺫﺍ ﺗﺰﻭﺟﻬﺎ ﺳﻴﺘﺤﻮﻝ‬،‫ﺇﳖﺎ ﳎﻨﻮﻧﺔ ﻭﻻ ﺗﺼﻠﺢ ﻟﻪ ﺃﺑﺪﺍ‬ ‫ — ﺑﻴﺘﻬﲈ ﺇﱃ ﺳﺎﺣﺔ ﻣﻌﺎﺭﻙ‬She is crazy and not good

91 | 73404 |

39

‫ﺁﺧﺮ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬adj. pl. -uun, ‫ ﹸﺃ ﹶﺧﺮ‬fem. ￯‫ ﹸﺃ ﹾﺧ ﹶﺮ‬pl. ‫ﹸﺃ ﹾﺧ ﹶﺮﻳﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﹸﻫ ﹶﻮ ﹶ‬ other, another; one more, additional; ‫ﺍﻵﺧﺮ‬ ‫ ﹺﻫ ﹶﻲ ﹸ‬she also he also, ￯‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﺧ ﹶﺮ‬ ‫ﳚﺐ ﺃﻥ ﻧﺤﱰﻡ ﺍﻟﺮﺃﻱ ﺍﻵﺧﺮ ﻭﻟﻮ ﻛﺎﻥ ﳐﺎﻟﻔﺎ ﺃﻭ ﺣﺘﻰ‬ ‫ — ﻣﺘﺼﺎﺩﻣﺎ ﻣﻊ ﻗﻨﺎﻋﺘﻨﺎ‬We must respect others’

‫ ﺇﹺﺫﺍ‬conj. when, if, whenever; (in indirect questions) ‫ )ﻣﺎ( ﺇﹺﺫﺍ‬if, whether; ‫ ﹶﻭﺇﹺﺫﺍ ﺑﹺـ‬and (then) suddenly

feeling in her soul

38

‫ ﻏ ﹾﹶﲑ‬n. other (than), different (than); neg.part ‫ﹶﲑ ﹶﺃ ﱠﻥ‬ ‫ ﻏ ﹾ ﹶ‬however, but; ‫ﹶﲑ‬ ‫ ﺑﹺﻐ ﹾ‬without ‫ﺫﺑﺢ ﺍﻷﻋﺮﺍﰊ ﻧﺎﻗﺘﻪ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻻ ﻳﻤﻠﻚ ﻏﲑﻫﺎ ﻭﻗﺪﻣﻬﺎ ﻃﻌﺎﻣﺎ‬ ‫ — ﻟﻀﻴﻔﻪ ﺗﻘﺪﻳﺮﺍ ﻭﺍﺣﱰﺍﻣﺎ‬The Bedouin (man)

not;

while I was on a visit to the Italian capital

37

‫ ﹶﺃ ﹺ‬first; best, ‫ ﹸﺃ ﹶ‬, pl. ‫ﻭﺍﺋﻞ‬ ‫ ﹶﺃ ﱠﻭﻝ‬adj. fem. ‫ﻭﱃ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ top-most; n. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﱠﻭﻝ‬beginning; ‫ ﹶﺃﻭﺍﺋﻞ‬forefathers; ‫ ﹶﺃ ﱠﻭ ﹰﻻ‬first of all, primarily ‫ﺃﻭﻝ ﻣﺎ ﻧﻼﺣﻈﻪ ﻫﻮ ﺗﺰﺍﻳﺪ ﻧﺴﺒﺔ ﺍﻟﺬﻛﻮﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﺭﻧﺔ ﺑﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻹﻧﺎﺙ‬The first thing we notice is the growing percentage of males compared to that of

communist my friend? 78 | 96575 |

‫ ﹺﻋﻨﹾﺪﹶ‬prep. with, next to; at (time, location); (with

for him at all, and if he marries her, their house will turn into a battlefield 99 | 52854 |

opinion even if it is in disagreement with or

‫ ﹶﻧ ﹾﻔﺲ‬n. pl. ‫( ﹶﺃ ﹾﻧ ﹸﻔﺲ‬with pron.) same, self ‫— ﻭﺟﺪ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ ﻭﺍﻗﻔﺎ ﻭﺳﻂ ﻋﴩﺍﺕ ﺍﳌﻨﻜﻮﺑﲔ ﺍﳌﺬﻫﻮﻟﲔ‬

even in contradiction to our convictions

He found himself standing among dozens of

99 | 63343 |

confused victims

‫ﳾﺀ‬ ‫ ﹶ ﹾ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺷﻴﺎﺀ‬thing, something; (Lev.Irq.Yem.) ‫ ﳾ‬/shii/, (Gul.) ‫ ﳾ‬/shayy, shey/, (Lev.) ‫ ﺍﳾ‬/’ishi/; ‫ ﳾ‬/shi/ (Mor.) indef.art. a, one ‫ﻃﻠﺐ ﻣﻨﻲ ﺃﻥ ﺃﺧﺮﺝ ﻛﻞ ﻣﺎ ﻣﻌﻲ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺷﻴﺎﺀ ﻭﺃﻥ ﺃﺿﻌﻬﺎ‬ ‫ — ﻋﲆ ﺍﻟﻄﺎﻭﻟﺔ ﺃﻣﺎﻣﻪ‬He asked me to get out all

44

100 | 52702 |

45

‫ ﹶﻋ ﹶﺮﺑﹺ ﹼﻲ‬n./adj. pl. ‫ ﻋ ﹶﹶﺮﺏ‬Arab; Arabian; Arabic; ‫( ﻋ ﹶﹶﺮ ﹺ‬Dia.) n. Arabic (language) ‫ﰊ‬ ‫ ﻭﺇﻧﲈ ﺍﺳﺘﻮﻃﻨﻮﺍ ﰲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﻼﺩ‬،‫ﺇﳖﻢ ﻟﻴﺴﻮﺍ ﻋﺮﺑﺎ ﰲ ﺍﻷﺻﻞ‬ ‫ — ﻣﻨﺬ ﻣﺌﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﲔ‬They are not of Arab origin,

the things I had and to put them on the table in

but they have settled in this country for

front of him

hundreds of years

100 | 63264 |

98 | 53325 |

Frequency index

46

‫ﻱ‬ ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹼ‬n. fem. ‫( ﹶﺃ ﱠﻳﺔ‬in idafa) any; interrog. what, which; rel.pron. whatever, whoever

‫ﻣﻨﻌﻬﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳋﺮﻭﺝ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻨﺰﻝ ﺃﻭ ﺇﻗﺎﻣﺔ ﺃﻱ ﺻﻠﺔ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ‬

‫ ﻛﹶﲈ‬conj. and, also, as well ‫ ﲤﺎﻣﺎ‬،‫ﺃﺗﻮﻗﻊ ﺃﻧﻨﻲ ﻟﻦ ﺃﻟﻘﺎﻙ ﻣﺎ ﺩﻣﺖ ﺭﺋﻴﺴﺎ ﻟﻠﻮﺯﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ — ﻛﲈ ﺣﺼﻞ ﻣﻊ ﺳﻠﻔﻚ‬I expect that I will

— He forbade her from leaving the house or

not meet you as long as you are a Prime

having any contact with (other) people

Minister, just like what happened with

52

your predecessor

99 | 51568 |

47

‫ ﹶﺭﺋﹺﻴﺲ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﺭﺅﹶ ﺳﺎﺀ‬president, leader; chief, head,

96 | 48078 |

(Tuesday), Prime Minister Nouri Al-Maliki met

‫ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻻ‬part. (exception) except (for), but (for), ‫ ﺇﹺ ﹼﻻ ﹶﺃ ﱠ‬however, except that; save; ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ ﹶﻭﺇﻻﹼ‬otherwise ‫ ﻭﺇﻻ‬،‫ﺃﺣﺲ ﺑﺄﻧﻰ ﻋﺮﻓﺘﻚ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ ﰱ ﺃﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻗﺪﻳﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻜﻴﻒ ﺗﻔﴪﻳﻦ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻻﻧﺠﺬﺍﺏ ﺑﻴﻨﻨﺎ ﻣﻨﺬ ﺍﻟﻠﺤﻈﺔ ﺍﻷﻭﱃ؟‬

with the American President George Bush in the

— I feel that I have known you since ancient

White House

times, otherwise how can you explain this

97 | 52478 |

attraction between us from the moment we

chairman; adj. main, chief, principal

‫ﺭﺋﻴﺲ ﺍﻟﻮﺯﺭﺍﺀ ﻧﻮﺭﻱ ﺍﳌﺎﻟﻜﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻰ ﻋﻘﺐ ﻭﺻﻮﻟﻪ ﺃﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻣﺲ ﺍﻟﺜﻼﺛﺎﺀ ﺑﺎﻟﺮﺋﻴﺲ ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻲ ﺟﻮﺭﺝ ﺑﻮﺵ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺖ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻷﺑﻴﺾ‬After his arrival in America yesterday

48

53

first met?

‫ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻤﻞ‬vn. working; n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃﻋﹾﲈﻝ‬work, activity,

99 | 46733 |

action

correspondent in time of war?

‫ﹾﺖ‬ ‫ ﹶﺃ ﻧ ﹶ‬pron. you (masc.sg.); (Dia.) ‫ ﺇﻧﺖ‬,ß‫ ﺍﻧﺘﻪ‬and ‫ ﺍﻧﺘﺎ‬/’inta/ ‫ — ﺃﻧﺎ ﳎﺮﺩ ﻣﺴﺎﻋﺪ ﻭﺃﻧﺖ ﺟﺮﺍﺡ ﻛﺒﲑ‬I am just

99 | 50613 |

an assistant, and you are a great surgeon

‫ﻛﻴﻒ ﺗﺼﻔﲔ ﻋﻤﻠﻚ ﻛﻤﺮﺍﺳﻠﺔ ﺻﺤﺎﻓﻴﺔ ﰲ ﺯﻣﻦ ﺍﳊﺮﺏ؟‬

54

— How do you describe your job as a media

49

13

‫ﻑ‬ ‫ ﹶﻋ ﹶﺮ ﹶ‬v. I (i) to know sth/sb or ‫ ﹶﺃ ﱠﻥ‬that; (perf.) to ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹼ‬that; (Lev.) ‫ ﻋ ﹺﹶﺮ ﹾﻓﺖ ﹺﻛﻴﻒ؟‬you learn, find out ‫ﻥ‬

98 | 45267 |

supervise any student until after I know, to some

‫ ﻛﹶﺜﹺﲑ‬adj. pl. -uun many, much, numerous; ‫ ﻛﹶﺜﹺﲑ ﹰﺍ‬very much; ‫ ﻛﹶﺜﹺﲑ ﹰﺍ ﻣﺎ‬frequently, often; ‫( ﻛﺘﲑ‬Egy.) /kitiir/, (Lev.) /ktiir/ adj./adv. ‫ﺭﺃﻳﺖ ﺍﻟﻜﺜﲑ ﰲ ﺣﻴﺎﰐ ﻭﺳﻤﻌﺖ ﺃﻣﻮﺭﺍ ﻛﺜﲑﺓ ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻲ ﱂ‬ ‫ — ﺃﻫﺘﻢ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﻔﺎﺻﻴﻞ‬I’ve seen a lot in my life, and

extent, his way of thinking

I’ve heard many things, but I haven’t cared about

100 | 50348 |

the details

55

see (what I mean, what I’m saying)?

،‫ﺃﻧﺎ ﻻ ﺃﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﻹﴍﺍﻑ ﻋﲆ ﺃﻱ ﻃﺎﻟﺐ ﺇﻻ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺃﻥ ﺃﻋﺮﻑ‬ ‫ ﻃﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﺗﻔﻜﲑﻩ‬،‫ — ﺇﱃ ﺣﺪ ﻣﺎ‬I don’t agree to

99 | 44541 |

50

‫ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻌ ﹶﺾ ﱠ‬a little, to ‫ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻌﺾ‬n. some, several; ‫ﺍﻟﺸ ﹾﻲﺀ‬ some extent; ‫ﻀ ﹸﻬﻢ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻌﻀ ﹰﺎ‬ ‫ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻌ ﹸ‬each other; ‫ﹶﻣﻊ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻌﺾ‬ together; ‫ ﻋﲆ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻌﺾ‬on top of each other; ‫ﹶﻭﺭﺍ ﹶﺀ‬ ‫ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻌﺾ‬in line, in a row (one behind the other) ‫ﹸﺣﺮﻡ ﻣﻦ ﺩﺧﻮﻝ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﻷﻧﺪﻳﺔ ﺑﺴﺒﺐ ﻟﻮﻥ ﺑﴩﺗﻪ ﺍﻷﺳﻤﺮ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺃﺻﻠﻪ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﰊ‬He was banned from entering

56

(persons) are lying and saying that we are one people

some clubs because of his dark skin color and

99 | 43466 |

Arab origin 99 | 49902 |

51

‫ ﹶﺩ ﹾﻭ ﹶﻟﺔ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﺩ ﹶﻭﻝ‬state, country ‫ﱂ ﻳﻌﺪ ﻭﺍﺿﺤﺎ ﻣﺎ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺣﻞ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﺘﲔ ﻟﻠﴫﺍﻉ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻹﴎﺍﺋﻴﲇ ﺍﻟﻔﻠﺴﻄﻴﻨﻲ ﻣﺎﺯﺍﻝ ﳑﻜﻨﺎ‬It is not clear any more whether the two-state solution to

‫ ﹺ‬num. one; adj. one, single; (Dia.) n. fem. ‫ﻭﺍﺣﺪ‬ ‫ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﺓ‬, ß‫ ﻭﺣﺪﺓ‬/waHda/ a person, someone ‫ — ﻫﺆﻻﺀ ﻳﻜﺬﺑﻮﻥ ﻭﻳﻘﻮﻟﻮﻥ ﺇﻧﻨﺎ ﺷﻌﺐ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ‬These

57

‫ ﹺﻷﹶﻥﱠ‬conj. because (with foll. noun in acc.); ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﹺ ﹺ‬ (with pron.) ‫ ﻷﹶ ﱢﲏ‬and ‫ ﻷﹶ ﻧﱠﻨﻲ‬because I; ‫ﻷﹶ ﻧﱠﻨﺎ‬ because we

‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﳚﺐ ﺃﻥ ﺃﺻﻞ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺣﻠﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻈﻼﻡ ﻷﻧﻨﻲ ﺇﻥ‬ ‫ — ﺗﺄﺧﺮﺕ ﻓﺴﺄﺿﻞ ﺍﻟﻄﺮﻳﻖ‬I had to arrive before nightfall because if I were late I would lose

the Israeli-Palestinian conflict is still possible

my way

98 | 49360 |

99 | 43701 |

14

58

59

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

‫ ٰﻟﻜﹺ ﱠﻦ‬conj. (with pron. or following noun in acc.) ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﹺ ﹺ‬ however, but; ‫ ٰﻟﻜﻨﱢﻲ‬and ‫ ٰﻟﻜﻨﱠﻨﻲ‬however I, but I ‫ — ﻫﻮ ﰲ ﺍﻷﺭﺑﻌﲔ ﻟﻜﻨﻪ ﰲ ﺻﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﺑﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﴩﻳﻦ‬He is

65

forty, but he looks twenty

wearing a large turban that is tilted slightly

90 | 45859 |

forward

‫ ﹶﻟ ﹾﻴ ﹶﺲ‬v. I (perf. only) ‫ ﹶﻟ ﹾﻴ ﹶﺲ‬he/it is not, ‫ﹶﻟ ﹾﻴ ﹶﺴﺖ‬ she/it is not, ‫ ﹶﻟ ﹾﺴﻨﺎ‬we are not; ‫ﺲ‬ ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹶﻟ ﹾﻴ ﹶ‬isn’t...? ‫ ﻭﻟﻜﻦ‬،‫ﻟﻮ ﺍﺳﺘﻄﻌﺖ ﺃﻥ ﺃﻭﻇﻔﻜﻢ ﲨﻴﻌﺎ ﻋﻨﺪﻱ ﻟﻔﻌﻠﺖ‬ ‫ — ﺫﻟﻚ ﻟﻴﺲ ﰲ ﻭﺳﻌﻲ‬If I could employ all of you

99 | 37236 |

66

I would have done it, but that isn’t within my reach 90 | 45416 |

60

a mother nor a brother in it 99 | 36766 |

‫— ﻫﻞ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﻧﻴﺔ ﻟﻀﻢ ﻻﻋﺒﲔ ﺟﺪﺩ ﻟﻔﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﻟﻨﺠﻒ؟‬ Is there any intention to add new players to the

67

/cheef/; (with pron.)

99 | 40375 |

how are you?

‫ﺳﻮﻑ ﺍﻋﻠﻤﻪ ﻛﻴﻒ ﻳﻌﺘﻤﺪ ﻋﲆ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ ﻭﻛﻴﻒ ﻳﺘﻮﻗﻒ ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻻﻋﺘﲈﺩ ﻋﲇ‬I will teach him how to depend

‫ ﺇﹺﻥﹾ‬conj. if; whether; ‫ ﹶﻭﺇﹺ ﹾﻥ‬even if, although; ‫ ﹶﺣﺘﱠﻰ‬..‫ ﻣﺎ ﺇﹺ ﹾﻥ‬no sooner had...than, had just...when ‫ — ﻫﺬﺍ ﻓﻌﻼ ﻣﺎ ﺗﺮﻳﺪﻩ ﺍﳌﺮﺃﺓ ﻭﺇﻥ ﺗﻈﺎﻫﺮﺕ ﺑﺎﻟﻌﻜﺲ‬This pretends the opposite

on himself and how to stop depending on me 99 | 36412 |

68

99 | 40464 |

‫ ﻋﺎﻡ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃﻋﹾﻮﺍﻡ‬year ‫ﺃﻋﻤﻞ ﻣﺪﺭﺳﺎ ﻟﻠﻐﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﰲ ﻣﺪﺍﺭﺱ ﺍﳌﺤﺎﻓﻈﺔ ﻣﻨﺬ ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ١٩٩٥ — I have worked as an Arabic language

destroyed many villages in Turkey 99 | 35711 |

1995 99 | 38637 |

69

‫ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺣﺪ‬n. fem. ￯ ‫ ﺇﹺ ﹾﺣﺪﹶ‬one (of ), someone; anyone;

64

‫ ﹶﺳﻨﹶﺔ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺳﻨﹶﻮﺍﺕ‬, ß‫( ﹺﺳﻨﹸﻮﻥ‬gen./acc. ‫ ) ﹺﺳﻨﹺﲔ‬year ‫ — ﱂ ﺃﺭﻩ ﻣﻨﺬ ﲬﺲ ﺳﻨﻮﺍﺕ‬I have not seen him in (the past) five years

(neg.) nobody, no one; num. (in compounds)

‫ﹺ‬ ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺣﺪﹶ ﻋ ﹶﹶﴩ‬, fem. ‫ﹶﴩ ﹶﺓ‬ ‫ ﺇ ﹾﺣﺪﹶ ￯ ﻋ ﹶ ﹾ‬eleven ‫ — ﺇﻧﻚ ﻻ ﺗﺜﻖ ﺑﺄﺣﺪ! ﻻ ﺗﺜﻖ ﺇﻻ ﺑﻄﺎﺋﻔﺘﻚ‬You don’t

‫ ﹶﻗ ﹾﺒ ﹶﻞ‬prep. before; ‫ ﹺﻣﻦ ﹶﻗ ﹾﺒ ﹺﻞ‬before, prior to; ‫ﹶﻗ ﹾﺒ ﹸﻞ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ adv. (also ‫ )ﻣﻦ ﹶﻗ ﹾﺒ ﹸﻞ‬previously, earlier ￯‫ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﻧﺘﻬﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ ﺑﻴﻮﻣﲔ ﺣﺪﺙ ﺯﻟﺰﺍﻝ ﺭﻫﻴﺐ ﺩﻣﺮ ﻗﺮ‬ ‫ — ﻋﺪﻳﺪﺓ ﰲ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺎ‬Two days before the end of the year a terrible earthquake happened and

teacher in the district’s schools since the year

63

‫ ﹶﻛ ﹾﻴ ﹶ‬interrog. how; (Lev.) /kiif, keef/, (Gul.) ‫ﭼﻴﻒ‬ ‫ﻒ‬ ‫( ﻛﻴﻔﻚ‬Lev.) /kiif-ak, keef-ak/

Najaf team?

is what the woman really wants, even if she

62

‫ ﹶﺃﺥ‬n. pl. ‫ ﺇﹺ ﹾﺧﻮﺍﻥ‬, ß‫ ﺇﹺ ﹾﺧ ﹶﻮﺓ‬brother; (in idafa) nom. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹸﺧﻮ‬, gen. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹺﺧﻲ‬, acc. ‫( ; ﹶﺃﺧﺎ‬with pron.) ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹸﺧﻮ ﹸﻩ‬, ß‫ ﹶﺃ ﹺﺧ ﹺﻴﻪ‬, ß ‫ ﹶﺃﺧﺎ ﹸﻩ‬his brother; ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹺﺧﻲ‬my brother, (Lev.Gul.) ‫ ﹺ‬, ß‫ﻳﺎﺧﻮﻱ‬ ‫ ﹸ‬,ß ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹸﺧﻮﻱ‬, (Egy.Irq.) ‫( ; ﹶﺃ ﹸﺧﻮﻳﺎ‬Dia.) ‫ﻳﺎﺧﻲ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ ﹸ‬ß= ‫ ﻳﺎ ﹶﺃﺧﻲ‬my friend; (hey) buddy ‫ﻳﺎﺧﻮﻳﺎ‬ ‫ — ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺖ ﻟﻴﺲ ﺑﻴﺘﻚ ﻭﻻ ﺃﻡ ﻟﻚ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻭﻻ ﺃﺥ‬This house is not your house, and you have neither

‫ ﹶﺟ ﹺﺪﻳﺪ‬adj. pl. ‫ ﹸﺟﺪﹸ ﺩ‬new, modern; ‫ ﹺﻣﻦ ﹶﺟ ﹺﺪﻳﺪ‬again, anew

61

‫ ﹶﻛﺒﹺﲑ‬adj. pl. ‫ ﹺﻛﺒﺎﺭ‬large; great, important, major; ‫ﹺ‬ adult, senior; pl.n. ‫ ﺍﻟﻜﺒﺎﺭ‬adults ‫ — ﻳﻠﺒﺲ ﻋﲈﻣﺔ ﻛﺒﲑﺓ ﲤﻴﻞ ﻗﻠﻴﻼ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻷﻣﺎﻡ‬He is

99 | 34782 |

trust anyone! You only trust (the people of )

‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻣﺮ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﺃ ﹸﻣﻮﺭ‬matter, issue, concern, affair ‫ — ﺃﺭﻳﺪﻩ ﻷﻣﺮ ﻣﻬﻢ ﻻ ﻳﻘﺒﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﺄﺟﻴﻞ‬I need him for

your sect

an important matter which cannot be postponed

100 | 37897 |

99 | 34681 |

70

He slept his first night in this village more than

‫ﹺ‬ ‫ ﹸﻗ ﱠﻮﺓ‬n. pl. -aat, ￯‫ﻮ‬ ‫ ﹸﻗ ﹰ‬and ￯‫ﻮ‬ ‫ ﻗ ﹰ‬power, strength, force; ‫( ﹸﻗ ﹼﻮﺍﺕ‬armed) forces ‫ﺃﺻﻴﺐ ﻓﺘﻴﺎﻥ ﺑﻨﲑﺍﻥ ﻗﻮﺍﺕ ﺍﻻﺣﺘﻼﻝ ﺍﻹﴎﺍﺋﻴﲇ ﰲ ﻗﻄﺎﻉ‬ ‫ — ﻏﺰﺓ‬Two boys were injured by the fire of the

a year ago

Israeli occupation forces in the Gaza Strip

99 | 37538 |

99 | 34642 |

‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻛ ﹶﺜﺮ‬elat. more/most, greater/greatest in number

‫— ﻧﺎﻡ ﻟﻴﻠﺘﻪ ﺍﻷﻭﱃ ﰲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﻳﺔ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﻣﻦ ﻋﺎﻡ‬

71

Frequency index

72

73

‫ ﹶﻫﻞ‬interrog. ‫ ﹶﻫ ﹾﻞ ﹸﻫﻨﺎﻙ‬is there any...? ‫ﻫﻞ ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﻟﻠﻮﺍﺣﺪﺓ ﻣﻨﺎ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻨﺴﻰ ﺃﺣﻼﻡ ﻭﺃﺣﺎﺳﻴﺲ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳌﺮﺍﻫﻘﺔ؟‬Is it possible for (any) one of us to

78

‫— ﲤﺖ ﳏﺎﻛﻤﺘﻨﺎ ﰲ ﺣﺰﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺃﻣﺎﻡ ﳏﻜﻤﺔ ﻋﺴﻜﺮﻳﺔ‬ Our trial took place in June before a military

98 | 34854 |

court 97 | 34557 |

79

means of, through; across, via; on the basis of, based on

‫ﻧﺤﻮ ﺳﺘﺔ ﺁﻻﻑ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﻨﺎﺟﻢ ﻟﻘﻮﺍ ﺣﺘﻔﻬﻢ ﺧﻼﻝ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳌﺎﴈ ﺑﺴﺒﺐ ﺣﻮﺍﺩﺙ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺼﲔ‬About six

74

thousand mine workers met their death during

‫ﻗﺮﺭﺕ ﺃﻥ ﺁﺧﺬﳘﺎ ﻣﻌﺎ ﺇﱃ ﺑﻴﺘﻲ ﺣﻴﺚ ﺃﺻﺒﺢ ﳍﲈ ﻣﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ — ﺛﺎﺑﺖ ﰲ ﻣﻜﺘﺒﻲ‬I decided to take both of them

the past year because of accidents in China

to my house where they came to have a stable

87 | 39028 | +news

place in my office

‫ ﹶﻣ ﱠﺮﺓ‬n. pl. -aat, ‫ ﹺﻣﺮﺍﺭ‬time, moment, occasion; ‫ﻣﺮ ﹴ‬ ‫ ﹶﻣ ﱠﺮﺗ ﹾ ﹺ‬twice; ‫ ﹺﻣﺮﺍﺭ ﹰﺍ‬repeatedly; ‫ﺍﺕ‬ ‫ ﹶﻣ ﱠﺮ ﹰﺓ‬once; ‫ﹶﲔ‬ ‫ﹶﹼ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ several times, repeatedly; ‫ ﺑﺎ ﹶﳌ ﱠﺮﺓ‬totally,

97 | 34098 |

80

‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﳎﺪ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺣﺮﻳﺼﺎ ﻋﲆ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺰﻭﺭﻩ ﻣﺮﺓ ﺃﻭ ﻣﺮﺗﲔ ﻛﻞ‬ ‫ — ﻋﺎﻡ‬Magd Al-Din made sure to visit him once or twice a year

‫ ﻓﺼﻌﺪﺕ ﺇﱃ‬،‫ﻭﺟﺪﺕ ﻧﻔﺴﻬﺎ ﻭﺣﻴﺪﺓ ﰲ ﻏﺮﻓﺔ ﺍﳉﻠﻮﺱ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﲏ‬She found herself alone in

99 | 33861 |

the sitting room, so she went up to the second floor

￯‫ ﹶﺭ ﹶﺃ‬v. I ￯‫ ﹶﻳ ﹶﺮ‬to see sth/sb; to think, believe ‫ﹶﺃ ﱠﻥ‬ ‫— ﻫﻞ ﺗﺼﺪﻗﲔ ﺃﻧﻨﻲ ﱂ ﺃﺭ ﺧﺎﱄ ﻣﻨﺬ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺳﺘﺔ ﺃﺷﻬﺮ؟‬

99 | 33321 |

81

‫ ﹶﺣﺘﱠﻰ‬prep. until, up to; ‫( ﳊﺘﻰ‬Lev.) /la-Hatta/ prep. until, up to

Do you believe that I haven’t seen my (maternal)

77

‫( ﹴ‬def. ‫ﺛﺎﲏ‬ ‫ ) ﹺ‬adj. second, additional; next, ‫ﺛﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ following; ‫ ﺛﺎﻧﻴ ﹰﺎ‬secondly, furthermore; ‫ﺛﺎﻧ ﹶﻴ ﹰﺔ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ again, once more; ‫( ﺗﺎﲏ‬Egy.) adv. again, more, also

that

76

‫ ﹶﺣ ﹾﻴ ﹸ‬adv. where, in which; conj. ‫ ﹶﺣ ﹾﻴ ﹸﺚ‬and ‫ﺚ‬ ‫ ﺑﹺ ﹶﺤ ﹾﻴ ﹸﺚ‬so that, in order to; ‫ ﹶﺣ ﹾﻴ ﹸﺚ ﹶﺃ ﱠﻥ‬since, ‫ ﹺﻣﻦ ﹶﺣ ﹾﻴ ﹸ‬in terms of, because, given that; ‫ﺚ ﺍﻟـ‬ based on

completely; (with neg.) never, not at all

75

‫ ﺗ ﱠﹶﻢ‬v. I (i) to finish, conclude, come to an end;

to take place, be held (event)

forget the dreams and emotions of adolescence?

‫ ﰲ ﹺﺧ ﹺ‬in the ‫ ﹺﺧ ﹶ‬prep. during, through; ‫ﻼﻝ‬ ‫ﻼﻝ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ ﹺﻣﻦ ﹺﺧ ﹺ‬by ‫ ﰲ ﺧﻼﻝ ٰﺫﻟ ﹶ‬meanwhile; ‫ﻼﻝ‬ course of; ‫ﻚ‬

15

uncle for more than six months?

‫ — ﻋﻠﻴﻚ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻐﺬﻱ ﺣﺒﻚ ﺣﺘﻰ ﻳﻨﻤﻮ ﻭﻳﺰﺩﻫﺮ‬You

99 | 34062 | +lit

have to nourish your love until it grows and

‫ ﺍﻷﹶ ﺑ ﹺ‬the parents; ‫ ﹶﺃﺏ‬n. pl. ‫ ﺁﺑﺎﺀ‬father; ‫ﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ (in idafa) nom. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹸﺑﻮ‬, gen. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹺﰊ‬, acc. ‫( ; ﹶﺃﺑﺎ‬with ‫ﹺ‬ pron.) ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹸﺑﻮ ﹸﻩ‬, ß‫ ﹶﺃﺑﹺﻴﻪ‬, ß‫ ﹶﺃﺑﺎ ﹸﻩ‬his father; ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹺﰊ‬my father, (Lev.Gul.) ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹸﺑﻮﻱ‬, (Egy.Irq.) ‫ﹶﺃ ﹸﺑﻮﻳﺎ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺟﺪ ﻓﻴﻪ ﺍﻷﺏ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺣﺮﻡ ﻣﻨﻪ‬He found in him

prospers 99 | 33051 |

the father (figure) that he had been deprived of

‫ﹶ‬ ‫ ﹶﲨﹺﻴﻊ‬n. all (of ); every one (of ); ‫ﺍﳉ ﹺﻤﻴﻊ‬ everyone; ‫ﲨﻴﻌ ﹰﺎ‬ ‫ ﹺ ﹶ‬altogether; all, entirely ‫ﲢﻴﺎﰐ ﳉﻤﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﻠﲔ ﺑﺎﳌﺠﻠﺔ ﳉﻬﻮﺩﻫﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺟﻞ ﺇﻋﺪﺍﺩ‬ ‫ — ﺟﻴﻞ ﻭﺍﻉ ﻣﺜﻘﻒ‬My greetings to all the

99 | 33766 |

magazine staff for their efforts in preparing

‫ ﹸﻫ ﹶ‬adv. there, over there; there is, there are; ‫ﻨﺎﻙ‬ ‫ ﻣﻨﺎﻙ‬/minnaak/ (Irq.Gul.) from there, from that place; ‫ ﳍﻨﺎﻙ‬/la-hunaak/ (Dia.) to there, to that

82

a perceptive and educated generation 100 | 32553 |

83

‫( ﹺﻣﻨﹾ ﹶﻄ ﹶﻘﺔ‬often ‫ ﹶﻣﻨﹾ ﹶﻄ ﹶﻘﺔ‬or ‫ ) ﹶﻣﻨﹾﻄﹺ ﹶﻘﺔ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﻣﻨﺎﻃﹺﻖ‬region,

place

area, zone, territory

buy alcohol, he is forced to steal from here and

enhance its presence and expand the range

there

of its businesses in the Gulf region

99 | 33870 |

98 | 32675 |

‫ ﻳﻀﻄﺮ ﻟﻠﴪﻗﺔ ﻣﻦ‬،‫ﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﻻ ﳚﺪ ﻣﺎﻻ ﻳﺸﱰﻱ ﺑﻪ ﺍﳋﻤﺮ‬ ‫ — ﻫﻨﺎ ﻭﻫﻨﺎﻙ‬When he doesn’t find money to

‫ﺗﻄﻤﺢ ﺇﱃ ﺗﻌﺰﻳﺰ ﺣﻀﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﻭﺗﻮﺳﻌﺔ ﻧﻄﺎﻕ ﺃﻋﲈﳍﺎ ﰲ‬ ‫( — ﻣﻨﻄﻘﺔ ﺍﳋﻠﻴﺞ‬The company) aspires to

16

84

85

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

‫ ﹶﺣ ﹼﻖ‬n. truth; pl. ‫( ﹸﺣ ﹸﻘﻮﻕ‬legal) right; ‫ ﹸﺣ ﹸﻘﻮﻕ‬law; adj. true, right; ‫ﺣ ﹼﻘ ﹰﺎ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬really, truly ‫ — ﳚﺐ ﺃﻥ ﻧﻌﻄﻲ ﺍﳌﺮﺃﺓ ﺣﻘﻮﻗﻬﺎ ﻭﻧﱰﻙ ﳍﺎ ﺣﺮﻳﺘﻬﺎ‬We

87

for

must give the woman her rights and leave her

‫ﻟﻮ ﻛﻨﺖ ﺗﺰﻭﺟﺖ ﰲ ﻓﱰﺓ ﻣﺒﻜﺮﺓ ﻣﻦ ﻋﻤﺮﻱ ﻟﻜﺎﻥ ﻟﺪﻱ‬ ‫ — ﺃﺑﻨﺎﺀ‬If I had married at an early stage of my

her freedom (referring to women in general)

life, I would have had children

99 | 32127 |

99 | 31350 |

‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻣ ﹺﺮﻳﻜﹺ ﹼﻲ‬and ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹺﻣ ﹺﲑﻛﹺ ﹼﻲ‬/’ameeriki/ n./adj. pl. -uun, ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻣ ﹺﺮﻳﻜﺎﻥ‬, ß‫ ﹶﺃ ﹺﻣ ﹺﲑﻛﺎﻥ‬/’ameerikaan/ American ‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺇﻥ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺣﺎﺟﺔ ﻣﻠﺤﺔ ﻵﻻﻑ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﺍﺕ ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ — ﻟﺼﺪ ﺍﻟﺘﻤﺮﺩ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ‬He said that there is an

88

discuss in public places 98 | 30916 |

repel the insurgency there 89

96 | 33325 |

‫ ﻋﺎ ﹼﻡ‬adj. general, common, public ‫— ﻫﺬﻩ ﺃﻣﻮﺭ ﻻ ﳚﺪﺭ ﺑﺈﻧﺴﺎﻥ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻨﺎﻗﺸﻬﺎ ﰲ ﺃﻣﺎﻛﻦ ﻋﺎﻣﺔ‬ These are matters which people should not

urgent need for thousands of American troops to

86

‫ ﹶﻟ ﹾﻮ‬conj. if; ‫ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻟ ﹾﻮ‬even if; ‫ ﹶﻟ ﹾﻮﻻ‬if not, if it weren’t

‫ ﹺﻣ ﹾﺜﻞ‬n. pl. ‫( ﹶﺃ ﹾﻣﺜﺎﻝ‬somebody, something) like, ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻣ ﹶ‬like, similar; (in idafa) ‫ ﻣﺘ ﹶﹾﻞ‬like, such as; ‫ﺜﺎﻝ‬

‫ ) ﹺ‬name ‫ ﺍﹺ ﹾﺳﻢ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺳﲈﺀ‬, ß‫( ﹶﺃﺳﺎ ﹴﻡ‬def. ‫ﺃﺳﺎﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﺗﻈﻬﺮ ﺍﳌﺮﺃﺓ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻟﺘﻠﻴﻔﺰﻳﻮﻥ ﺑﺠﻮﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﻤﻬﺎ ﺍﳊﻘﻴﻘﻲ‬ ‫( — ﻭﻣﻬﻨﺘﻬﺎ‬This) woman appears on television with her real name and profession

such as, the likes of

99 | 30452 |

‫— ﻫﻞ ﻛﻞ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﺓ ﲢﺐ ﺯﻭﺟﻬﺎ ﻣﺜﻠﻚ ﻳﺎ ﺳﺖ ﺯﻫﺮﺓ؟‬ Does every woman love her husband like you do,

90

Mrs. Zahra?

‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻣﻜ ﹶﹶﻦ‬v. IV to be possible (‫ ﻝ‬for sb) to do sth; ‫ ﹸﻳ ﹾﻤ ﹺﻜ ﹸﻦ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻥ‬it’s possible to (do sth); ‫ ﹸﻳ ﹾﻤ ﹺﻜﻨ ﹶﹸﻚ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻥ‬you can (do sth)

99 | 31527 |

2 Body 110 130 148 170 215 363 627 786 947 1026 1327 1373 1423 1476 1525 1853 2080 2089 2178 2322 2372

‫ﻗﻠﺐ‬ ‫ﻋﲔ‬ ‫ﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﺃﺱ‬ ‫ﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻗﺪﻡ‬ ‫ﺻﺪﺭ‬ ‫ﺷﻌﺮ‬ ‫ﻟﺴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻳﻤﲔ‬ ‫ﻇﻬﺮ‬ ‫ﻋﻘﺐ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺣﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻢ‬ ‫ﺃﺫﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻄﻦ‬ ‫ﺷﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺟﻠﺪ‬ ‫ﺃﻳﻤﻦ‬ ‫ﺭﺣﻢ‬

heart

2441

eye

2476

hand

2548

face

2619

head

2686

blood

2844

foot chest

3082

hair

3122

tongue

3151

right hand

3247

back

3262

heel (also

3278

after)

3286

palm (also

3323

rest)

3327

mouth

3376

ear stomach

3479

lip

3629

skin

3642

right hand

3786

womb

3818

‫ﺳ ﹼﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﻒ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻋﻈﻢ‬ ‫ﺇﺻﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﺃﻳﴪ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻛﺒﺪ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻖ‬ ‫ﺃﻧﻒ‬ ‫ﻋﻀﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺣﻀﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﺘﻒ‬ ‫ﺫﺭﺍﻉ‬ ‫ﻓﺆﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺟﺒﲔ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﻜﻞ‬ ‫ﺩﻣﺎﻍ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﺓ‬ ‫ﴍﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﴩﺓ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻣﺦ‬

tooth

3859

palm

4351

bone

4356

finger

4373

left hand

4388

gall bladder

4524

(also bitterness)

4672

liver

4846

neck nose

4897

muscle

5183

bosom

5248

shoulder

5945

arm

6053

heart

6479

forehead

6556

skeleton (also

6772

framework)

6780

brain

7250

stomach

7330

artery

7744

skin brain

‫ﺭﻗﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﻑ‬ ‫ﺭﺟﻞ‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﺼﺐ‬ ‫ﺭﺋﺔ‬ ‫ﺛﺪﻱ‬ ‫ﺣﻠﻖ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﺗﻖ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻫﻞ‬ ‫ﺃﻧﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺧﺪﹼ‬ ‫ﻛﻌﺐ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻋﺪ‬ ‫ﺣﻨﻚ‬ ‫ﺭﻛﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻓﻖ‬ ‫ﲨﻊ‬ ‫ﺛﻢ‬ ‫ﹼ‬

neck belly leg kidney nerve lung breast throat (also chasm, gorge) shoulder intestine nape of neck fingertip cheek heel, ankle forearm jaw knee elbow fist mouth

Frequency index

‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﻓﻨﺪﻕ ﺍﺳﻤﻪ ﻭﻳﻠﻮﺭﺩ ﻣﺸﻬﻮﺭ ﻭﻫﻮ ﻻ ﻳﺰﺍﻝ‬ ‫ — ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩﺍ ﻭﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﺃﻥ ﺗﺰﻭﺭﻩ‬There was a famous

97

‫ ﻧ ﹾﹶﺤ ﹸﻦ‬pron. we; ‫ ﺇﺣﻨﺎ‬, ß‫ ﺣﻨﺎ‬/iHna/ (Dia.); ‫ﻧﺤﻨﺎ‬ /niHna/ (Lev.)

can visit it

‫ﳌﺎﺫﺍ ﻳﻌﺎﻗﺒﻨﺎ ﺍﷲ ﻧﺤﻦ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﻧﻘﱰﻑ ﺍﻟﺬﻧﻮﺏ ﰱ‬ ‫ — ﺣﲔ ﻳﺘﺴﺎﻫﻞ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴﲔ؟‬Why is God

99 | 30678 |

punishing us, the Muslims, when we commit

hotel named Wilword, and it is still there and you

91

17

sins while he is going easy on the Americans?

‫ ﹺ‬in informal ‫ ٰﻟﻜﹺﻦ‬conj. however, but; (also ‫ﻻﻛﻦ‬

99 | 29658 |

or sub-standard spelling)

and drug control administration? But nobody

‫ ﹶﻭ ﹾﻗﺖ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭﻗﺎﺕ‬time, moment, period; ‫ﺍﻟﻮ ﹾﻗﺖ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ‬ ‫ ﰲ ﹶ‬while ‫ ﻣﻦ ﺣﻘﻲ ﺃﻥ ﺃﺳﺘﻘﺒﻠﻪ ﰲ ﺃﻱ ﻭﻗﺖ‬.‫ — ﻫﻮ ﺻﺪﻳﻘﻲ‬He

answered

is my friend. I have the right to receive him any

‫ ﺃﻳﻦ ﻫﻴﺌﺔ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﺎﺑﺔ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺍﺀ ﻭﺍﻟﻐﺬﺍﺀ؟ ﻟﻜﻦ‬:‫ﻭﺗﺴﺎﺀﻟﺖ‬ ‫ — ﺃﺣﺪﺍ ﱂ ﻳﺮﺩ‬And I asked: Where is the food

98

time

90 | 33727 |

99 | 29493 |

92

‫ ﹶﺭ ﹸﺟﻞ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹺﺭﺟﺎﻝ‬n. man ‫ — ﻫﻞ ﺍﳌﺮﺃﺓ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﺻﱪﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﻞ؟‬Is the woman

99

more patient than the man? 99 | 30264 |

93

‫ ﻋ ﹺ‬world; ‫ ﺭﺏ ﺍﻟﻌﺎ ﹶﳌﹺﲔ‬Lord of ‫ ﹶ‬n. pl. -uun, ‫ﹶﻮﺍﱂ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﱂ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹼ‬

like Morocco, Iran, and Afghanistan

the Universe (God)

99 | 29658 |

‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﻋﺎﳌﻨﺎ ﺍﻟﺼﻐﲑ ﻳﺘﺴﻊ ﻛﻞ ﻳﻮﻡ ﻭﻧﺤﻦ ﻧﻜﺘﺸﻒ ﺍﳉﺪﻳﺪ‬ — Our small world was getting bigger every day as we discovered new things

100

99 | 30204 |

94

about your past life?

92 | 31648 |

101

99 | 30100 |

95

‫ ﹶﻣﻦ‬rel.pron. who, whom ‫ﻛﻞ ﻣﻦ ﻳﻘﺮﺃ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻲ ﻻﺑﺪ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺘﻮﻗﻒ ﺃﻣﺎﻡ‬ ‫ — ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳌﻔﺎﺭﻗﺔ‬Whoever reads American history has to be struck by this paradox

‫ ﹶﺣﻴﺎﺓ‬n. life ‫— ﳌﺎﺫﺍ ﻻ ﺗﺘﻜﻠﻢ؟ ﳌﺎﺫﺍ ﻻ ﲢﺪﺛﻨﻲ ﻋﻦ ﻣﺎﴈ ﺣﻴﺎﺗﻚ؟‬ Why don’t you speak? Why don’t you tell me

‫ ﹶﺑ ﹶﻠﺪ‬n. (rarely fem.; Dia. masc./fem.) pl. ‫ ﺑﹺﻼﺩ‬, ß‫ ﹸﺑ ﹾﻠﺪﺍﻥ‬country, nation; ‫ ﺍﻟﺒﹺﻼﺩ‬the country; ‫( ﹶﺑ ﹶﻠﺪ‬Egy.Lev.) fem.n. town, village ‫ﺃﻣﻀﻴﺖ ﻛﺜﲑﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﲔ ﰲ ﺑﻠﺪﺍﻥ ﻣﺜﻞ ﺍﳌﻐﺮﺏ ﻭﺇﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺃﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ‬I spent many years in countries

‫ ﻣ ﹺ‬subject, topic, issue, ‫ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻮ ﹸﺿﻮﻉ‬n. pl. ‫ﻮﺍﺿﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﹶ‬

‫ﹶﻣ ﹾﺠ ﹺﻠﺲ ﱠ‬ ‫ ﹶﻣ ﹾﺠﻠﹺﺲ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﳎﺎﻟﹺﺲ‬council, board; ‫ﺍﻟﺸ ﹾﻌﺐ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ ‫( ﹶﻣ ﹾﺠﻠﺲ ﱡ‬US) Senate parliament; ‫ﺍﻟﺸ ﹸﻴﻮﺥ‬ ‫ﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﺍﻃﻠﻊ ﺍﳌﺠﻠﺲ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺎﺭﻳﺮ ﺍﳋﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﺎﻹﺻﻼﺡ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﻲ‬The Council also took a look at the reports concerning environmental reform

theme; adj. placed, laid down; located,

96 | 30206 |

situated; spurious (Hadith)

‫ﺃﺣﺐ ﺃﻥ ﺃﻟﻔﺖ ﺍﻧﺘﺒﺎﻫﻚ ﺇﱃ ﺃﻥ ﻛﻼﻣﻚ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ — ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺱ ﲤﺎﻣﺎ‬I would like to draw to

102

your attention to the fact that your talk is completely outside the subject matter of the study

that work a long time ago

97 | 30657 |

96

‫ ﹶﻭ ﹺﺯﻳﺮ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﻭﺯﹶ ﺭﺍﺀ‬minister ‫ ﻭﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺑﻴﻨﻬﻢ ﺍﻣﺮﺃﺓ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﺓ‬٢٤ ‫— ﺗﻀﻢ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻮﺯﺍﺭﺓ‬

‫ ﻗﺎ ﹶﻡ‬v. I (u) to rise, stand up; to undertake, carry ‫( ﺏ‬task, activity); to play ‫( ﺏ‬a role); to be based ‫ ﻋﲆ‬on; (with imperf.) to start to do sth ‫ — ﻗﻤﻨﺎ ﲠﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻣﻨﺬ ﺯﻣﻦ ﻃﻮﻳﻞ‬We carried out

out

99 | 29003 |

103

‫ﹸﻮﻣﺔ‬ ‫ ﹸﺣﻜ ﹶ‬n. pl. -aat government, administration ‫— ﻻ ﺃﺭﻳﺪ ﻟﻠﻤﻄﻌﻢ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻜﱪ ﻓﻴﻠﻔﺖ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺍﳊﻜﻮﻣﺔ‬

This government includes 24 ministers only

I don’t want the restaurant to get bigger and

one of whom is a woman

attract the attention of the government

97 | 30636 |

95 | 29332 |

18

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

104

‫ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻴﺖ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﺑ ﹸﻴﻮﺕ‬house; family; pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺑﻴﺎﺕ‬verse

110

overthrowing, toppling (a regime); turning

In the end she must have a house, a family, and

‫ — ﺩﻕ ﻗﻠﺒﻪ ﺑﴪﻋﺔ ﻣﻊ ﳎﻰﺀ ﺍﻟﻘﻄﺎﺭ‬His heart beat

children

quickly with the coming of the train

99 | 27875 |

99 | 26075 |

‫— ﰲ ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺎﻳﺔ ﳚﺐ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﻟﺪﳞﺎ ﺑﻴﺖ ﻭﺃﴎﺓ ﻭﺃﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬

105

‫ ﹺﻣﻦ ﺩ ﹺ‬and ‫ ﹸﺩﻭﻥﹶ‬prep. without; under, below; ‫ﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﹸ‬ ‫ ﺑﹺﺪﹸ ﻭﻥﹺ‬without ‫ﺍﳌﺸﻜﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺍﻗﻴﺔ ﲢﻞ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺍﻗﻴﲔ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺗﺪﺧﻞ‬ ￯‫ — ﺃﻃﺮﺍﻑ ﺃﺧﺮ‬The Iraqi problem will be solved

over (pages)

111

‫ﻋﺪﺩ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺍﻗﻴﲔ ﺍﳌﺘﻮﺍﺟﺪﻳﻦ ﰲ ﺍﻷﺭﺩﻥ ﻣﻦ ﲬﺴﲈﺋﺔ ﺃﻟﻒ‬ ‫ — ﺇﱃ ﺳﺒﻌﲈﺋﺔ ﺃﻟﻒ ﻋﺮﺍﻗﻲ ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﻋﺪﺩ ﻫﺎﺋﻞ‬The number of Iraqis present in Jordan is from five

parties 99 | 27400 |

hundred thousand to seven hundred thousand

‫ﹺ ﹺ‬ ‫ﻴﺎﳼ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ ﺳ ﹼ‬adj. political; n. pl. -uun, ‫ﺳﺎﺳﺔ‬

99 | 26022 |

politician, statesman

‫ﳛﺪﺩ ﺯﻋﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﻘﺒﻴﻠﺔ ﺃﻭ ﺷﻴﺦ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﻳﺔ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﳼ‬ ‫ — ﻟﺴﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻘﺮ￯ ﻭﺍﻷﺭﻳﺎﻑ ﺍﳋﺎﺿﻌﺔ ﻟﺴﻴﻄﺮﺗﻪ‬The

Iraqis, and this is a huge number

112

leader of the tribe or the Sheikh of the village determines the political direction of the

81 | 31362 |

that is subject to his control 95 | 28526 |

113

‫ﺭﺍﺡ ﹶﺿ ﹺﺤ ﱠﻴ ﹶﺔ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬to be the victim of; (Dia.) to pass ‫ ﻋﲆ‬sb by (opportunity), leave ‫ ﻋﲆ‬sb behind (time) ‫ﺳﻜﺎﳖﺎ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﻭﺯ ﻭﻳﻦ ﺭﺍﺣﻮﺍ؟ ﻟﻴﺶ ﺭﺍﺣﻮﺍ؟ ﻟﻴﺶ‬ ‫ — ﺑﺎﻋﻮﻫﺎ؟‬Where did its Druze inhabitants go? going (to do sth); (MSA)

Palestinians 94 | 28613 |

Why did they go? Why did they sell them? 98 | 25643 | +spo

‫ ﹸﺛ ﱠﻢ‬conj. then, afterwards; besides,

furthermore

‫— ﺃﺫﻫﺐ ﺇﱃ ﻣﻜﺘﺒﻲ ﻛﻞ ﺻﺒﺎﺡ ﺛﻢ ﺃﻋﻮﺩ ﺁﺧﺮ ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺎﺭ‬

114

I go to my office every morning then I come back at the end of the day

‫ ﺟﺎﺀ‬v. I (i) to come (‫ ﺇﱃ‬to); to come to sb: e.g. ‫ ﺟﺎﺀﲏ ﹶﺻ ﹺﺪﻳﻖ‬a friend came to (see) me; ‫ﺟﺎ ﹶﺀﺗﹾﻨﻲ‬ ‫ ﹺﺭﺳﺎ ﹶﻟﺔ‬I received a letter; to appear, show up (‫ ﰲ‬in sth written or spoken) ‫ﺃﻭﺿﺤﻮﺍ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻻﺭﺗﻔﺎﻋﺎﺕ ﰲ ﺍﻻﺳﻌﺎﺭ ﺟﺎﺀﺕ ﻛﻨﺘﻴﺠﺔ‬ ‫— ﺣﺘﻤﻴﺔ ﻻﺭﺗﻔﺎﻉ ﺃﺳﻌﺎﺭ ﺍﻷﻋﻼﻑ ﻭﺍﳌﻴﺎﻩ ﻭﺃﺟﻮﺭ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﻞ‬

‫ ﻧﺎﺱ‬pl.n. (also fem.sg.) people, humans; persons ‫ﺃﺣﺐ ﺃﻥ ﺃﻛﻮﻥ ﳏﺎﻃﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﰲ ﻛﻞ ﳊﻈﺔ ﻭﺣﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﺤﻈﺔ ﺍﻷﺧﲑﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺴﺒﻖ ﻧﻮﻣﻲ ﺃﻛﻮﻥ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻣﻊ ﺃﻫﲇ‬ — I like to be surrounded by people at every

80 | 33045 |

109

‫ ﺭﺍﺡ‬v. I (u) (Dia.) to go; ‫( ﺭﺍﺡ‬Dia.) future marker (with imperf.) will (do sth), (is/are)

‫ ﻓﹺ ﹶﻠ ﹾﺴﻄﹺﻴﻨ ﹺ ﹼﻲ‬n./adj. Palestinian ‫ﰲ ﻣﻘﻬﻰ ﰲ ﻋﲈﻥ ﻋﺮﻓﻪ ﺭﻓﻴﻘﻪ ﻓﺎﺋﺰ ﺑﻤﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻔﻠﺴﻄﻴﻨﻴﲔ‬In a coffee house in Amman, his companion Fayiz introduced him to a group of

108

‫ ﺍﻟﲇ‬/illi/ (Dia.) rel.pron. that, which, who; whoever, whichever; (Lev. also) ‫ ﻳﻠﲇ‬/yalli/; (Lev.Gul.) ‫ ﻫﺎﻟﲇ‬/ha-lli/ (this, the one) that ‫ — ﻓﲔ ﺍﻟﺸﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﲇ ﻣﻔﺮﻭﺽ ﻧﻘﻌﺪ ﺍﺣﻨﺎ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ؟‬Where’s the apartment we are supposed to stay in?

inhabitants of the villages and the countryside

107

‫ﹶﺃ ﹾﻟ ﹺ‬ ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻟﻒ‬num. pl. ‫ ﺁﻻﻑ‬thousand; (du.) ‫ﻔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻔ ﹾﻲ ﻛ ﹴ‬/‫ﹶﺃ ﹾﻟﻔﺎ‬ (gen./acc. ‫ ) ﹶﺃ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻔ ﹾﹺﲔ‬two thousand, ‫ﺘﺎﺏ‬

two thousand books

by the Iraqis without the interference of other

106

‫ ﹶﻗ ﹾﻠﺐ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﻗ ﹸﻠﻮﺏ‬heart; center, essence; vn.

(poetry)

moment, even the last moment before I go to sleep I am with my family 100 | 25207 |

They clarified that the rise in prices came as an

‫ ﹶﻃ ﹺﺮﻳﻖ‬fem./masc.n. (MSA rarely fem.; Lev. mostly ‫ ﹸ‬, ß‫ ﹸﻃ ﹸﺮﻗﺎﺕ‬road, course; way, method; fem.) pl. ‫ﻃ ﹸﺮﻕ‬ ‫ ﻋﹶﻦ ﹶﻃ ﹺﺮ ﹺﻳﻖ‬via, by way of; by means of, by using ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺍﻵﻥ ﻋﲆ ﻣﻔﱰﻕ ﺍﻟﻄﺮﻕ ﻓﻼ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﻳﻢ ﻗﺪ ﺍﻧﺘﻬﻰ‬ ‫ — ﲤﺎﻣﺎ ﻭﻻ ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺚ ﻗﺪ ﺑﺪﺃ ﺑﻌﺪ‬History now is at

inevitable result of the rise in the prices of feed

a crossroads, since the old has not completely

and water and transportation costs

ended, and the new has not yet started

99 | 26234 |

99 | 24751 |

115

Frequency index

116

‫ ) ﹶﺃ ﹺ‬earth, ‫( ﹶﺃ ﹴ‬def. ‫ﺭﺍﴈ‬ ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺭﺽ‬fem.n. pl. ‫ﺭﺍﺽ‬

For anyone who has been struck by Alzheimers

‫ ﹸﺩ ﹶﻭﻟﹺ ﹼﻲ‬and ‫ ﹶﺩ ﹾﻭﻟﹺ ﹼﻲ‬adj. international, world, ‫ﹺ‬ global; ‫ ﹸﺩ ﹶﻭﻟ ﹼﻴ ﹰﺎ‬internationally, worldwide, ‫ ﹶﺩ ﹾﻭ ﹼ ﹺ‬adj. (rare) state, national globally; ‫ﱄ‬ ‫ﺍﻛﺪ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺎﺋﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻧﻪ ﺳﻴﻌﺘﺰﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻌﺐ ﺩﻭﻟﻴﺎ ﺑﻌﺪ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳌﻮﻧﺪﻳﺎﻝ‬He confirmed before the finals that

or memory loss, the Palestinians are resisting

he will retire from international play after the

the occupation of their lands, and the Zionists

World Cup

are the occupiers

96 | 24817 |

121

ground; land, territory

‫ﳌﻦ ﺃﺻﺎﺑﻪ ﺍﻟﺰﻫﺎﻳﻤﺮ ﺃﻭ ﻓﻘﺪ ﺍﻟﺬﺍﻛﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﻔﻠﺴﻄﻴﻨﻴﻮﻥ‬ ‫— ﻳﻘﺎﻭﻣﻮﻥ ﺍﺣﺘﻼﻝ ﺃﺭﺿﻬﻢ ﻭﺍﻟﺼﻬﺎﻳﻨﺔ ﻫﻢ ﺍﳌﺤﺘﻠﻮﻥ‬

99 | 24627 |

122 117

‫ ﺑﹺ ﹶﺴ ﹶﺒ ﹺ‬because ‫ ﹶﺳ ﹶﺒﺐ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺳﺒﺎﺏ‬reason, cause; ‫ﺐ‬ of

names like “Axis of Evil” and accusing Islam of

divorce his wife for any reason except perhaps

terrorism

adultery

98 | 24222 |

99 | 24502 |

123

‫ ﹶ ﹺﴍﻛﹶﺔ‬n. pl. -aat company, corporation ‫ ﻣﻼﻳﲔ ﺟﻨﻴﻪ ﻟﻠﺘﻮﺳﻌﺎﺕ‬٦ ‫ﻗﺪ ﺧﺼﺼﺖ ﺍﻟﴩﻛﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﺣﻼﻝ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺠﺪﻳﺪ ﺑﺎﻟﺸﺒﻜﺔ ﻭﻻﺳﺘﻘﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﺘﻐﺬﻳﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻜﻬﺮﺑﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬The company designated 6 million

be sth

‫ﺃﻋﺰﺍﺋﻲ ﺍﳌﺸﺎﻫﺪﻳﻦ ﻓﺎﺻﻞ ﻗﺼﲑ ﻭﻧﻌﻮﺩ ﻟﻨﻮﺍﺻﻞ ﻫﺬﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﳊﻮﺍﺭ ﻧﻌﻮﺩ ﺇﻟﻴﻜﻢ ﺑﻌﺪ ﳊﻈﺎﺕ ﻧﺤﻦ ﻣﻌﻜﻢ ﺍﺑﻘﻮﺍ ﻣﻌﻨﺎ‬

the network, and for the stability of the power

— My dear viewers, a short break and we will

supply

return to continue this dialog. We will return to

97 | 24875 |

you. After a few moments we will be with you. Stay with us

‫ ﹶﻋﺪﹶ ﺩ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃﻋﹾﺪﺍﺩ‬number, quantity; ‫ﹺ‬ (periodical) issue, edition; ‫ﻦ ﹶﺃﻋﹾﺪﺍﺩ ﺍﻟـ‬ ‫ﹶﺑ ﹾﻴ ﹶ‬ among those who

‫ﻫﻞ ﻳﺴﺘﻄﻴﻊ ﺃﻥ ﳛﴡ ﺃﻭﻗﺎﺗﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻌﻴﺪﺓ؟ ﻛﻢ ﻋﺪﺩﻫﺎ؟‬ ‫ — ﻋﺪﺓ ﺃﻳﺎﻡ؟ ﺑﻀﻌﺔ ﺃﺷﻬﺮ؟‬Can he count his

99 | 23911 |

124

happy times? How many are they? A few days? A few months? 98 | 24721 |

120

‫ ﻋﺎ ﹶﺩ‬v. I (u) to return, go back ‫ ﺇﱃ‬to sth; ‫ ﺇﱃ‬to sth/sb; (with imperf.) ‫ ﻋﺎ ﹶﺩ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻔ ﹶﻌ ﹸﻞ‬to repeat sth, do sth again; (neg.) ‫( ﹶﻟ ﹾﻢ ﹶﻳ ﹸﻌﺪﹾ‬Dia. ‫ )ﻣﺎ ﻋﺎﺩ‬to no longer do sth or

to be attributed

pounds for widening, setting up and renewing

119

‫ ﹶﺷ ﹾﻌﺐ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﺷ ﹸﻌﻮﺏ‬people, nation ‫ﻋﲆ ﺍﻟﻐﺮﺏ ﻋﺪﻡ ﺍﻹﺳﺎﺀﺓ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﻮﺏ ﺑﺈﻃﻼﻕ ﺗﺴﻤﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ — ﻛﻤﺤﻮﺭ ﺍﻟﴩ ﻭﻟﺼﻖ ﲥﻤﺔ ﺍﻹﺭﻫﺎﺏ ﺑﺎﻹﺳﻼﻡ‬The West should not insult people by calling them

‫ﺍﳌﺴﻴﺢ ﻻ ﳛﻞ ﻟﺮﺟﻞ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻄﻠﻖ ﺍﻣﺮﺃﺗﻪ ﻷﻱ ﺳﺒﺐ ﺇﻻ‬ ‫ — ﻟﻌﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﺰﻧﺎ‬Christ does not permit a man to

118

19

‫ ﺷﺎﺀ‬v. I (a) to want, desire sth; ‫ ﻛﹶﲈ ﹺﺷﺌ ﹶﹾﺖ‬as you wish; ‫( ﺇﻥ ﺷﺎ ﹶﺀ ﺍﷲ‬informally ‫ ﺍﻧﺸﺎﺀ ﺍﷲ‬and ‫ )ﺍﻧﺸﺎﷲ‬hopefully, God willing ‫ﻧﺤﻦ ﻣﺴﺘﻌﺪﻭﻥ ﻟﺴﲈﻉ ﻛﻞ ﻭﺟﻬﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﻈﺮ ﺍﳌﻌﺎﺭﺿﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻜﻦ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺼﺒﺢ ﻟﻜﻞ ﺷﺨﺺ ﺇﺫﺍﻋﺔ ﻭﺗﻠﻔﺰﻳﻮﻥ ﻭﻳﻘﻮﻝ ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ — ﻳﺸﺎﺀ ﻓﻬﺬﻩ ﻓﻮﴇ ﻭﻟﻴﺴﺖ ﺣﺮﻳﺎﺕ‬We are prepared to listen to all opposing points

‫ﻮﺭﺓ‬ ‫ ﹸﺻ ﹶ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﺻ ﹶﻮﺭ‬picture, image, photo;

of view but for every person to have their

manner, way, form

own radio and television program and say

‫ﻫﻞ ﺟﻮﺭﺝ ﻭﺍﺷﻨﻄﻦ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺣﻘﻖ ﺍﺳﺘﻘﻼﻝ ﺍﻣﲑﻛﺎ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ ﻳﻀﻌﻮﻥ‬،‫ﺍﻻﺣﺘﻼﻝ ﺍﻟﱪﻳﻄﺎﲏ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﺭﻫﺎﺑﻴﺎ؟ ﺑﺎﻟﻌﻜﺲ‬ ‫ ﻷﻧﻪ ﻭﻗﻒ ﰲ ﻭﺟﻪ ﺍﻟﻐﺰﺍﺓ‬،‫ﺻﻮﺭﺗﻪ ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻡ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺣﺮﺭ ﺍﺭﺿﻪ‬Was George Washington,

whatever he wants, well that is chaos, and not freedom 98 | 24097 | +for

contrary, they put his picture today on the

‫ ﹶ‬now ‫ ﺁﻥ‬n. time, moment; ‫ﺍﻵﻥ‬ ‫ ﻭﻫﻲ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻷﻣﻦ‬،‫ﺍﻟﺒﻠﺪ ﺍﻵﻥ ﻳﻮﺍﺟﻪ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ ﺧﻄﲑﺓ ﺟﺪﺍ‬ ‫ — ﻣﻔﻘﻮﺩ ﺇﱃ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ﻛﺒﲑﺓ‬The country now faces a

currency, because he stood in the face of

very dangerous situation, namely that security is

the invaders and liberated his land

lacking to a large extent

99 | 24052 |

98 | 23885 |

who achieved the independence of America from British occupation, a terrorist? On the

125

20

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

126

‫ ﹶﺃﺭﺍ ﹶﺩ‬v. IV to want, desire sth or ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻥ‬to do sth ‫ﺍﳌﻮﺍﻃﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺍﻗﻲ ﻳﺮﻳﺪ ﺣﻴﺎﺗﻪ ﻭﻳﺮﻳﺪ ﺃﻣﻪ ﻭﻳﺮﻳﺪ ﺃﻃﻔﺎﻟﻪ‬ ‫ — ﻭﻳﺮﻳﺪ ﺃﻛﻠﻪ ﻭﺧﺒﺰﻩ ﻭﻛﻬﺮﺑﺎﺀﻩ ﻭﺻﺤﺘﻪ‬The Iraqi

132

citizen wants his life and he wants his mother

you

health

‫ﻻﺑﺪ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺘﻌﻠﻢ ﺃﺑﻨﺎﺅﻧﺎ ﻛﻴﻒ ﻳﻨﺘﻤﻮﻥ ﺇﱃ ﺑﻠﺪﻫﻢ ﻭﺑﺸﻜﻞ‬ ‫ ﻭﻟﻴﺲ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻝ ﺷﻌﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺗﻌﺒﻮﺍ ﻭﺗﻌﺒﻨﺎ‬،‫ﻋﻤﲇ ﺣﻘﻴﻘﻲ‬ ‫ — ﻛﻠﻨﺎ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ‬Our children need to learn how to

97 | 23965 |

belong to their country in a real practical way,

and he wants his children and he wants his food and his bread and his electricity and his

127

and not through slogans which they and we are

‫ ﺇﹺﻥﱠ‬part. indeed ‫ ﻭﱂ ﳛﺮﻣﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ‬،‫ — ﺇﻥ ﻣﻜﺔ ﺣﺮﻣﻬﺎ ﺍﷲ‬God is

all tired of 99 | 23021 |

the one who made Mecca a sacred place, not people

133

72 | 32395 |

128

129

‫( ﹶﺃ ﹴ‬def. ‫ﻫﺎﱄ‬ ‫ ) ﹶﺃ ﹺ‬family, relatives, ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻫﻞ‬coll.n. pl. ‫ﻫﺎﻝ‬ folks; people, inhabitants; ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻫ ﹰﻼ‬welcome! hello! (Lev.) ‫ ﺃﻫﻠﲔ‬/’ahleen/ ‫ﻧﻮﺍﺟﻪ ﻣﺸﺎﻛﻞ ﺣﻴﻨﲈ ﻳﺮﺳﺐ ﺍﻟﻄﻼﺏ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺟﻴﻬﻲ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﺄﰐ ﺍﻷﻫﻞ ﻭﻳﺴﺄﻟﻮﻥ ﳌﺎﺫﺍ ﺭﺳﺐ ﺍﺑﻨﻲ ﺃﻭ ﺍﺑﻨﺘﻲ ﻭﻗﺪ‬ %٩٥ ‫ — ﻛﺎﻥ ﻣﻌﺪﻟﻪ ﰲ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻮﻱ‬We face

operation in about two days 98 | 22811 |

problems when students fail in final secondary

‫ ﹶﺃ ﹼﻣﺎ‬part. (focus) ‫ ﹶﻓـ‬.. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹼﻣﺎ‬as for..., concerning...; ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹼﻣﺎ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻌﺪﹸ‬approx. and now, to our main point ‫ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻫﻮ‬..‫ﻓﺄﻧﺎ ﳜﻴﻞ ﱄ ﺍﲏ ﱂ ﺍﺗﻐﲑ ﺟﺴﲈﻧﻴﺎ ﻣﻨﺬ ﺭﺑﻊ ﻗﺮﻥ‬ ‫— ﻓﻠﻢ ﻳﺘﻐﲑ ﻓﻴﻪ ﳾﺀ ﻛﺎﻧﻪ ﱂ ﻳﻔﺎﺭﻗﻨﺎ ﺍﻻ ﻷﻣﺴﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﺓ‬

school exam, since the family comes and asks

It seems to me that I have not changed

why did my son or daughter fail when his

physically in a quarter century. As for him,

average for the first year secondary exams

nothing has changed in him, as if he had only

was 95%

left us for an evening

99 | 23479 | +spo

99 | 22527 |

‫ ﺗﹺ ﹾﻠ ﹶ‬dem.pron. that (fem.sg.); those ‫ﻚ‬

134

135

‫ﺧﺎﺹ‬ adj. special, specific; private, personal; ‫ﹼ‬ exclusive, elite

‫ﺃﺣﺴﺖ ﰲ ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﻟﻠﺤﻈﺔ ﺑﺄﳖﺎ ﻏﺮﻳﺒﺔ ﻭﻭﺣﻴﺪﺓ ﻭﺿﺎﺋﻌﺔ‬ — She felt, at that moment, that she was a

‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻄﺎﻥ ﻳﺜﻖ ﰱ ﻃﺒﻴﺒﻪ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ ﺍﻟﻴﻬﻮﺩ￯ ﺭﺑﲈ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ‬ ‫ — ﻣﻦ ﺃﻭﻻﺩﻩ ﻭﺯﻭﺟﺎﺗﻪ‬The Sultan trusted his

stranger, alone and lost

private Jewish doctor perhaps more than his

89 | 25722 |

children or his wives

‫ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻴﻦ‬fem.n. pl. ‫ ﹸﻋ ﹸﻴﻮﻥ‬, ß‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻋ ﹸﻴﻦ‬eye; water spring,

99 | 22528 |

his eye

‫ ﹶﺣ ﹾﻮ ﹶﻝ‬prep. around; about, concerning ‫ ﺗﻠﻔﺖ‬..‫ﺍﺳﺘﻘﺒﻠﺘﻨﻰ ﻏﻴﻤﺔ ﻛﺒﲑﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺩﺧﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻐﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺍﳌﻌﻄﺮ‬ ‫ — ﺣﻮﱄ ﻷﺭ￯ ﺇﻥ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ‬A big cloud of

100 | 22982 |

perfumed pipe smoke greeted me. I looked

water source; spy, secret agent; eye (needle)

‫ — ﻇﻞ ﻳﻐﻤﺰ ﳍﺎ ﺑﻌﻴﻨﻪ‬He kept winking at her with

131

‫ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻤﻠﹺ ﱠﻴﺔ‬n. pl. -aat operation, process ‫— ﰲ ﺍﻋﺘﻘﺎﺩ￯ ﺳﻨﻔﺮﻍ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﰲ ﻇﺮﻑ ﻳﻮﻣﲔ‬ In my opinion we will be finished with the

(non-human pl.)

130

‫ ﹶﺷﻜﹾﻞ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺷﻜﺎﻝ‬manner; form, shape; ‫ ﺷﻜﲇ‬/shakl-i/ it seems to me, ‫ ﺷﻜﻠﻚ‬/shakl-ak/ it seem that appearance, look; (Gul.Lev.)

‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﻳﻦ‬ ‫ ﺍ ﱠﻟﺬ ﹶ‬rel.pron. (masc.pl.) who, whom; (with ‫ ﹺ‬ß‫ﻟﹺ ﱠﻠ ﹺﺬﻳﻦ‬ prep. ‫)ﻟـ‬ß ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻠﻘﺎﺀﺍﺕ ﺗﺴﻬﻢ ﰲ ﺧﻠﻖ ﻋﻼﻗﺎﺕ ﻣﺒﺎﴍﺓ ﺑﲔ‬ ‫— ﺍﳌﻤﺜﻠﲔ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﺳﻴﻌﻤﻠﻮﻥ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺴﻔﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﳌﴫﻳﺔ‬

136

around me to see if there was a window 99 | 22294 |

137

‫ ﹶﻋ ﹺﻤ ﹶﻞ‬v. I (a) to work, function; to make, prepare, build sth

These meetings help create direct relationships

‫ ﻭﺃﺑﻮﻫﺎ ﻃﺒﻴﺐ ﺃﺳﻨﺎﻥ‬،‫ﺃﻣﻬﺎ ﺗﻌﻤﻞ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺻﻴﺔ ﺍﺟﺘﲈﻋﻴﺔ‬

between the representatives who will be

— Her mother works as a social specialist, and

working in Egyptian embassies

her father is a dentist

98 | 23446 |

99 | 22316 |

Frequency index

138

‫ ﹶﻋﻨﹶﻰ‬v. I (i) to mean, imply sth or ‫ ﹶﺃ ﱠﻥ‬that; ‫ﹺ‬ (pass.) ‫ ﹸﻳ ﹾﻌﻨﹶﻰ‬/‫ﻲ‬ ‫ ﻋﹸﻨ ﹶ‬to be concerned ‫ ﺏ‬with, take an interest ‫ ﺏ‬in ‫ ﻟﻜﻨﻲ ﺃﻣﺮ ﺑﺄﺯﻣﺔ ﻟﻦ‬،‫ﺗﻌﺮﻓﲔ ﺟﻴﺪﺍ ﻣﺎﺫﺍ ﺗﻌﻨﲔ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﺇ ﹼﱄ‬ ‫ — ﺃﺧﺮﺝ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﻗﺮﻳﺒﺎ‬You know well what you

144

in this city 99 | 21718 |

145

soon 99 | 22428 |

139

‫ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺟﺪﹶ‬v. I (i) to find sth/sb; (pass.imperf.) ‫ﻮﺟﺪﹸ‬ ‫ ﹸﻳ ﹶ‬to exist (there is, there are) ‫ﴍﺣﺖ ﻟﻪ ﻧﻮﻉ ﺍﻻﻏﺎﲏ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﰲ ﺣﻴﺎﺯﺗﻨﺎ ﻭﱂ ﺃﺟﺪ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳌﺼﻄﻠﺢ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻢ ﻟﻪ ﰲ ﺍﻻﻧﻜﻠﻴﺰﻳﺔ‬I explained to

term for it in English

daughter, no matter how much he pretends the opposite 99 | 21714 |

146

90 | 24528 |

140

‫ ﹶﺧ ﹾﻴﺮ‬n. goodness, good; adj. better (‫ ﹺﻣﻦ‬than), ‫ ﹶﺻﺒﺎﺡ ﺍﳋﹶ ﹾ ﹺ‬good morning!; ‫ﻧ ﹾﹶﺤ ﹸﻦ ﺑﹺ ﹶﺨ ﹾﲑ‬ best; ‫ﲑ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ ﹺ‬prevention is we’re fine; ‫ﺍﻟﻮﻗﺎ ﹶﻳﺔ ﹶﺧ ﹾﹲﲑ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﻼﺝ‬ him to be the best husband a woman could

that he was the third man in the Nazi Party after Hitler and Goering 96 | 22381 |

147

‫ ; ﹶﻃﺐ‬Lev. shortened also to ‫)ﻃﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻟﻴﺲ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺣﻞ ﻳﻘﻲ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﻞ ﺍﻟﻄﻴﺐ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳍﻼﻙ‬ ‫ — ﺩﻭﻥ ﺃﻥ ﳞﺪﺩ ﺳﻌﺎﺩﲥﺎ؟‬Isn’t there a

99 | 22099 |

‫ ﺷﻮ‬/shu/ (Lev.Kuw.UAE) interrog. what ‫ — ﺷﻮ ﺭﺃﻳﻚ ﺑﺎﻟﻮﺿﻊ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﳼ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺒﻠﺪ؟‬What is

solution that saves the good man from annihilation without threatening her

your opinion regarding the political situation

(woman’s) happiness?

in the country?

99 | 21587 |

59 | 36869 |

142

‫( ﺁﻩ‬Dia.) interj. yes, right, ah, yeah ‫ — ﺯﻭﺟﻲ ﱂ ﻳﻘﻞ ﱄ ﻻ ﺁﻩ ﻭﻻ ﻷ ﻗﺎﻝ ﱄ ﺇﻥ ﺷﺎﺀ ﺍﷲ‬My

148

husband neither said “yes” nor “no” to me, he

143

‫ ﹶﻃ ﱢﻴﺐ‬adj. good, nice; pleasant; delicious; ‫ﹶﻃ ﱢﻴﺐ‬ interj. good, fine, OK; (Egy.Lev. shortened to

dream of

141

‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻳﺾ‬n. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻳﻀ ﹰﺎ‬also, as well; besides ‫ ﻭﻗﻴﻞ ﺃﻳﻀﺎ ﺇﻧﻪ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﻞ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺚ ﰲ‬،‫ﻗﻴﻞ ﺇﻧﻪ ﳐﺘﻞ ﻋﻘﻠﻴﺎ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳊﺰﺏ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺯﻱ ﺑﻌﺪ ﻫﺘﻠﺮ ﻭﺟﻮﺭﻧﺞ‬It was said that he was mentally retarded, and it was also said

better than cure

‫ — ﻭﺟﺪﺗﻪ ﺧﲑ ﺯﻭﺝ ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﺃﻥ ﲢﻠﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻣﺮﺃﺓ‬I found

‫ ﺍﹺ ﹾﺑﻦ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺑﻨﺎﺀ‬son; ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺑﻨﺎﺀ‬children; ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺑﻨﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺒﹺﻼﺩ‬the native population; (shortened to ‫ ﺑﻦ‬after personal name) ‫ﻋﻤﺮ ﺑﻦ ﺍﳋﻄﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻛﻞ ﺃﺏ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺪﻧﻴﺎ ﻳﻜﻦ ﻛﺮﺍﻫﻴﺔ ﻋﻤﻴﻘﺔ ﻟﺰﻭﺝ ﺍﺑﻨﺘﻪ ﻣﻬﲈ‬ ‫ — ﺗﻈﺎﻫﺮ ﺑﺎﻟﻌﻜﺲ‬Every father in the world harbors a deep hatred for the husband of his

him the type of songs which are in our possession, and I couldn’t find the appropriate

‫ ﹶﻣ ﹺﺪﻳﻨﹶﺔ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﻣﺪﹸ ﻥ‬city ‫ — ﳛﺘﺎﺝ ﺇﱃ ﺃﺣﺪ ﻳﺄﺧﺬ ﺑﻴﺪﻩ ﰱ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳌﺪﻳﻨﺔ‬He needs someone to take him by the hand

mean to me, but I am passing through a crisis which I am not going to be able to get out of

21

‫ ﹶﻳﺪ‬fem.n. pl. ‫( ﹶﺃ ﹾﻳ ﹴﺪ‬def. ‫ ) ﹶﺃ ﹾﻳ ﹺﺪﻱ‬hand; (Dia.) ‫ ; ﺇﹺﻳﺪ‬ß‫ ﺇﻳﺪﻳﻚ‬/’iideek/ your (two) hands ‫ﻛﺜﲑ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺯﺣﲔ ﻭﺿﻌﻮﺍ ﻣﺼﲑﻫﻢ ﺑﲔ ﺃﻳﺪﻱ ﻋﺼﺎﺑﺎﺕ‬ ‫— ﺍﳌﻬﺮﺑﲔ ﻻﺟﺘﻴﺎﺯ ﺧﻠﻴﺞ ﻋﺪﻥ ﻭﺻﻮﻻ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻴﻤﻦ‬

said “if God’s willing”

Many refugees put their fate in the hands of

38 | 57277 | +spo

gangs of smugglers to cross the Gulf of Aden to arrive in Yemen

‫ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻃﻨ ﹺ ﹼﻲ‬adj. national; nationalistic; n. pl. -uun

100 | 21407 |

nationalist

‫ﻣﴫ ﲢﺘﺎﺝ ﺍﻵﻥ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺍﻟﻮﻃﻨﻲ ﺍﳌﺒﺎﴍ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ‬ ‫— ﺑﻜﺜﲑ ﻣﻦ ﺍﺣﺘﻴﺎﺟﻬﺎ ﺇﱃ ﻣﺪﺭﺳﲔ ﻭﳏﺎﺳﺒﲔ‬

149

‫ ﹶﺳـ‬part. (future marker, short form of ‫ﻑ‬ ‫) ﹶﺳ ﹾﻮ ﹶ‬ will

Egypt now needs direct national action

‫ — ﻣﻜﺘﺐ ﺍﻟﺒﻌﺜﺎﺕ ﺳﻴﺘﻜﻔﻞ ﺑﻤﺼﺎﺭﻳﻒ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺔ‬The

a lot more than it needs teachers and

office of (overseas student) delegations will

accountants

cover educational expenses

95 | 22704 |

90 | 23562 |

22

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

150

‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﴩﻭﻉ‬ ‫ ﹶﻣ ﹾ ﹸ‬n. pl. -aat, ‫ ﹶﻣﺸﺎﺭﻳﻊ‬project, enterprise; adj. lawful, legal; ‫ ﻣﴩﻭﻉ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ‬bill, draft

156

however, but; (Lev.Irq.Gul.) interj. enough!

law

stop! (Lev.) (with imperf.) as soon as

project to fight children working, but the

page complaint to the (Ministry of ) Tourism

problem is bigger than the project

43 | 46255 |

‫ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﻣﴩﻭﻉ ﺁﺧﺮ ﳌﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻭﻟﻜﻦ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳌﺸﻜﻠﺔ ﺃﻛﱪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﴩﻭﻉ‬There is another

‫ ﺑﻌﺖ ﺷﻜﻮ￯ ﻟﻠﺴﻴﺎﺣﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻋﴩﻳﻦ‬،‫ﻣﺶ ﻛﺪﻩ ﻭﺑﺲ‬ ‫ — ﺻﻔﺤﺔ‬Not only that, but I sent a twenty-

99 | 21424 | +news

157 151

‫ ﹶﺛﻼ ﹶﺛﺔ‬num. fem. ‫ ﹶﺛﻼﺙ‬three; ‫ ﹶﺛﻼ ﹶﺛ ﹶﺔ ﻋ ﹶﹶﴩ‬thirteen; ‫ ﺗﻼﺗﺔ‬/talaata/ (Egy.), /tlaate/ (Lev.), ‫ﺗﻼﺛﺔ‬ ‫ﻇﻬﺮﺕ ﻓﺠﺄﺓ ﺛﻼﺙ ﻋﺮﺑﺎﺕ ﺟﻴﺐ ﻳﻘﻮﺩﻫﺎ ﺟﻨﻮﺩ‬ ‫ — ﻋﺮﺍﺓ ﺍﻟﺼﺪﺭ ﻗﺎﺩﻣﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺸﲈﻝ ﻣﴪﻋﺔ‬Three jeeps

they will not renew his contract no matter how

suddenly appeared driven by bare-chested soldiers coming quickly from the north

much sympathy they have

99 | 21101 |

99 | 20003 |

‫ ﹶﺻ ﹾﻮﺕ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺻﻮﺍﺕ‬voice, sound; vote ‫ﻭﳌﺎ ﺍﻧﻔﺾ ﺍﻻﺟﺘﲈﻉ ﺳﻤﻌﺖ ﺻﻮﺗﺎ ﻳﻨﺎﺩﻳﻨﻲ ﻭﺃﻧﺎ ﻣﺎﺽ‬ ‫ — ﻧﺤﻮ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺏ ﺍﳋﺎﺭﺟﻲ‬When the meeting ended

158

his hopes and dreams

toward the outside door

99 | 19967 |

100 | 20881 |

‫ ﹶﺃﻣﺎﻡ‬n. front, front part; ‫ ﹶﺃﻣﺎ ﹶﻡ‬in front of, facing; ‫ ﺇﱃ ﹶﺍﻷﻣﺎ ﹺﻡ‬forward ‫ﻭﺟﻪ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﺑﻘﺪﻣﻪ ﺭﻛﻠﺔ ﻗﻮﻳﺔ ﺩﻓﻌﺘﻪ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻷﻣﺎﻡ ﻭﻛﺎﺩﺕ‬ ‫ — ﺗﺴﻘﻄﻪ‬He aimed a strong kick at him which sent him reeling forward and almost knocked him over

159

99 | 19821 |

160

(i.e. player) or that 89 | 22123 |

161

someone else 99 | 20116 |

155

‫ ﹶﺑﻞ‬conj. but, rather; in fact ‫ﻻ ﻳﻮﺟﺪ ﻟﺪﻳﻨﺎ ﲨﻬﻮﺭ ﻳﻌﺸﻖ ﻧﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﺑﻞ ﻳﻌﺸﻘﻮﻥ ﻓﻼﻥ‬ ‫ — ﻭﻋﻼﻥ‬We don’t have fans who love their club (i.e. club’s team), but they love this person

‫ ﹶﺳ ﹺﻤ ﹶﻊ‬v. I (a) to hear sb, listen ‫ ﺇﱃ‬to sb ‫ﻣﺸﻰ ﺭﺃﻓﺖ ﻣﺒﺘﻌﺪﺍ ﻭﺳﻤﻊ ﺧﻠﻔﻪ ﻣﺎﻛﺲ ﻳﺘﺤﺪﺙ‬ ‫ — ﺇﱃ ﺷﺨﺺ ﺁﺧﺮ‬Ra’fat walked away and he heard Max behind him talking to

‫ ﹸﻫﻨﺎ‬adv. here ‫ — ﺇﻧﻨﻲ ﻋﺎﺯﻡ ﺃﻥ ﻻ ﺃﻣﻮﺕ ﻫﻨﺎ‬I am determined not to die here

90 | 22799 |

154

‫ ﹶﺷ ﹾﻬﺮ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺷ ﹸﻬﺮ‬, ß‫ ﹸﺷ ﹸﻬﻮﺭ‬month ‫ﺟﻠﺴﻨﺎ ﻣﻨﺬ ﺷﻬﺮ ﻟﺴﺎﻋﺔ ﻛﺎﻣﻠﺔ ﻛﺎﻥ ﳛﺪﺛﻨﻲ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ — ﺁﻣﺎﻟﻪ ﻭﺃﺣﻼﻣﻪ‬We sat a month ago for a whole hour in which he talked to me about

I heard a voice calling me as I was heading

153

‫ ﺣﺎﻝ‬n. (rare as fem.) pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺣﻮﺍﻝ‬situation, ‫ﻒ ﺣﺎ ﹸﻟ ﹶﻚ‬ ‫ ﹶﻛ ﹾﻴ ﹶ‬how are you?; ‫ ﹰ‬immediately, right now; ‫( ﹶﳊﺎﻝ‬Lev.) adv. ‫ﺣﺎﻻ‬ (with pron.) ‫ ﳊﹶﺎ ﹶﻟﻚ‬alone, by yourself ‫ﻟﻮ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮ ﻋﲆ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳊﺎﻝ ﻓﻠﻦ ﳚﺪﺩﻭﺍ ﻋﻘﺪﻩ ﻣﻬﲈ ﻳﻜﻦ‬ ‫ — ﺗﻌﺎﻃﻔﻬﻢ‬If he continues in this condition, condition, case;

/tlaatha/ (Irq.)

152

‫( ﹶﺑ ﹼﺲ‬Egy.Lev.Irq.Gul.) adv. only, just; conj.

‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻣﺞ‬ ‫ ﹶﺑ ﹾﺮ ﹶ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺑﺮﺍﻣﺞ‬program ‫ﺇﺫﺍ ﻧﺠﺢ ﻓﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﳌﺤﺒﺔ ﻓﺈﻥ ﺍﳌﺪﻣﻦ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﺟﺎﻫﺰﺍ ﻟﺒﺪﺀ‬ ‫ ﺧﻄﻮﺓ‬١٢ ‫ — ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﻋﻼﺟﻲ ﻣﻜﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ‬If the “love team” succeeds, the addict will be ready to

‫ ﻧﹺ ﹾﺴ ﹶﺒﺔ‬n. pl. ‫ ﻧﹺ ﹶﺴﺐ‬ratio, rate, percentage ‫ﹺ‬ figure; ‫ ﺑﹺﺎﻟﻨ ﹾﱢﺴ ﹶﺒﺔ ﺇﱃ‬concerning, regarding,

begin a 12-step treatment program 97 | 20293 |

in relation to

weight and height, and he calculated the weight

‫ ﹶﻟﻦ‬neg.part. (with subjunctive) will not, will never ‫ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻷﻡ ﻟﻦ ﺗﺴﺘﻄﻴﻊ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻮﻓﺮ ﺍﻟﺮﻋﺎﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻣﻠﺔ ﻟﺘﻮﺍﺋﻤﻬﺎ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺜﻼﺙ‬This mother will not be able to

to height ratio

provide full care to her triplets

96 | 20802 |

95 | 20626 |

‫ﻗﺎﺱ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﺐ ﻭﺯﻥ ﺍﻟﻄﻔﻞ ﻭﻃﻮﻟﻪ ﻭﺣﺴﺐ ﻧﺴﺒﺔ ﺍﻟﻮﺯﻥ‬ ‫ — ﺍﱃ ﺍﻟﻄﻮﻝ‬The doctor measured the baby’s

162

Frequency index

163

‫ ﹸﺃ ﹼﻡ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﺃ ﱠﻣﻬﺎﺕ‬mother; ‫ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻴﻨﹶ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻪ‬/‫ ﺑﹺ ﹸﺄ ﱢﻡ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻌ ﹾﲔ‬with

164

one’s own eyes; the best, greatest, finest;

‫ ﹸﺃ ﹼﻡ ﺍﻟﺪﱡ ﻧﹾﻴﺎ‬Egypt ‫ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺃﻣﻪ ﻧﺎﺋﻤﺔ‬..‫ — ﺃﺧﺬ ﻣﻜﺎﻧﻪ ﺟﻮﺍﺭ ﺃﻣﻪ ﻭﺯﻭﺟﺘﻪ‬He

23

‫ ﺇﹺﻳﻪ‬/’iih/ and ‫ ﺇﹺﻱ‬/’ii/ (Dia.) interj. yes, OK, uh-huh; ‫ ﺇﹺﻱ ﹶﻧ ﹶﻌﻢ‬yes, that’s right; ‫ﺇﹺﻳﻪ ﹶﻭﺍﷲ‬ /’iih waLLa/ yes indeed

‫ﻛﻨﺖ ﺃﺣﺒﻚ ﻭﺃﺣﺒﻚ ﺍﻳﻪ ﻧﻌﻢ ﺃﺣﺒﻚ ﻟﻜﻦ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﺍﻕ ﻣﺎﻛﺎﻥ‬ ‫ — ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭﻱ‬I used to love you, yes, love you, but

took his place near his mother and his wife. His mother was sleeping

our separation was not my choice

99 | 19626 |

39 | 49435 | +spo

3 Food This list includes foods, drinks and other ingestible substances, as well as other words related to serving and obtaining food. 236 1408 1683 1840 1916 2051 2070 2153 2187 2239 2471 2660

‫ﻣﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﻴﺶ‬ ‫ﺳﻜﹼﺮ‬ ‫ﻗﻬﻮﺓ‬ ‫ﺳﻤﻚ‬ ‫ﻋﺴﻞ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺰ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﻋﺸﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺘﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺑﺎ ﻏﻨﻮﺝ‬

water

3797

bread; rice

3827

sugar

3835

coffee

3965

fish

3994

honey

4015

tea

4114

bread

4134

hunger

4146

dinner

4181

olives

4201

baba ghannouj

(‫ﺑﺎﺑﺎ‬: papa, 2665 2692 2774 2801 2856 2858 2982 3010 3082 3085 3225 3354 3442 3489 3495 3696 3795

‫ﺩﺟﺎﺝ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺾ‬ ‫ﻏﺪﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﺢ‬ ‫ﺛﻤﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﻐﺬﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﲬﺮ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻛﻬﺔ‬ ‫ﻛﺒﺪ‬ ‫ﻟﺒﻦ‬ ‫ﻋﺮﻕ‬ ‫ﻟﻘﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﴍﺍﺏ‬ ‫ﻗﻤﺢ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻌﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻋﺸﺐ‬

4300 4335

pope) chicken

4336

eggs

4364

lunch

4490

salt

4518

fruit

4567

nutrition

4601

wine

4663

fruit

4794

liver

4807

milk;

4909

yoghurt

4970

araq

5366

morsel

5404

drink

5431

wheat

5584

spoon

5633

ingredient

5770

herb, plant

5871

‫ﻋﺼﲑ‬ ‫ﺛﻤﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺻﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺧﻀﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﻫﻦ‬ ‫ﺃﺭﺯﹼ‬ ￯‫ﺣﻠﻮ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺐ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺠﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﺣﻼﻭﺓ‬ ‫ﺑﺼﻞ‬ ‫ﺇﻓﻄﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﻛﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﻤﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺯﺟﺎﺟﺔ‬ ‫ﺻﺤﻦ‬ ‫ﺷﻬ ﹼﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺗ ﹼﻔﺎﺡ‬ ‫ﲤﺮ‬ ‫ﺳﻜﹼﲔ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺗﻘﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺣﻠﻮ ﹼﻳﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﻗﻴﻖ‬ ‫ﺟﺒﻦ‬ ‫ﻟﻮﺯ‬ ‫ﺫﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻣﺄﺩﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﻮﺕ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﻲ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺟﺰﺭ‬

juice

5947

fruit

6151

recipe

6198

vegetables

6217

fat

6225

rice

6239

dessert grapes

6277

cup

6279

cream

6354

sweets,

6449

candy

6450

onions

6452

iftar;

6516

breakfast

6523

fork

6539

lemon

6625

bottle bowl, plate

6637

appetite

6638

apples date

6640

knife

6768

oranges

6787

sweets

6802

flour

6823

cheese

6890

almonds

6938

sorghum

6953

banquet

7022

food delicious

7073

carrots

7260

‫ﺳﻠﻄﺔ‬ ￯ ‫ﺗﻐﺪﹼ‬ ‫ﲪﹼﺺ‬ ‫ﳊﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺧﻞ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺸﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﻄﺮ‬ ‫ﻃﻴﺐ‬ ‫ﺧﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺘﺰﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﺼﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻛ ﹼﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻃﺒﺨﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺴﻒ‬ ‫ﻓﻄﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺷﻴﺸﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﻄﺎﻃﺎ‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻚ‬ ‫ﻓﻠﻔﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺪﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻮﺧ ﹼﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻕ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻣﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻛﺒﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻛﺤﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﻓﻄﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﻠﻮﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﲤﹼﻦ‬

salad to have lunch hummus meat vinegar to have dinner mushrooms delicious cucumber pizza onion kibbeh meal, dish mansaf breakfast plain (coffee, tea) sheesha sweet potato, potato cake pepper tomatoes mulukhiyah broth, stock okra kabsa alcohol have breakfast makloubeh rice

24

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

165

‫ ﹶﺣ ﹾﺮﺏ‬fem.n. pl. ‫ ﹸﺣ ﹸﺮﻭﺏ‬war, warfare ‫— ﺭﻭﻣﻴﻞ ﻫﻮ ﺑﻄﻞ ﺣﺮﻭﺏ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺮﺍﺀ ﺑﻼ ﻣﻨﺎﺯﻉ‬

171

earnest

Rommel is the undisputed hero of desert

166

‫ ﹺﺟﺪﹼ‬n. seriousness, earnestness; ‫ ﹺﺟﺪﹼ ﹰﺍ‬very, ‫ ﹶﺟ ﱢﻴﺪ ﹺ‬very good; ‫ ﺑﹺ ﹺﺠﺪﱟ‬seriously, in much; ‫ﺟﺪﹼ ﹰﺍ‬

wars

‫ ﻳﻌﺎﻣﻠﻪ ﻭﻛﺄﻧﻪ ﺍﺑﻨﻪ‬..‫— ﺍﻟﻴﺎﺱ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻓﺮﺣﺎ ﺟﺪﺍ ﺑﺄﺧﻴﻪ ﺑﺴﺎﻡ‬

98 | 19739 |

Elias was very pleased with his brother Bassam.

‫ ﹺﻋﻨﹾﺪﹶ ﻣﺎ‬conj. when, as soon as ‫ﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﺳﻘﻄﺖ ﺍﻷﻧﺪﻟﺲ ﰱ ﺃﻳﺪ￯ ﺍﳌﺴﻴﺤﻴﲔ‬ ‫ ﺍﺿﻄﻬﺪﻭﺍ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﻭﺍﻟﻴﻬﻮﺩ‬،‫ — ﺍﻹﺳﺒﺎﻥ‬When

He was treating him as if he were his son 99 | 19258 |

Andalusia fell into the hands of the Christian

‫ ﹶﺑﺪﹶ ﹶﺃ‬v. I (a) to start, begin (‫ )ﰲ‬sth or (with imperf.) to do sth; (Dia.) ￯ ‫ ﹶﺑﺪﹶ‬, ß￯ ‫ ﹶﻳ ﹾﺒﺪﹶ‬, ß‫ﺑﺪﻳﺖ‬

Spaniards, they persecuted the Muslims and

/badeet/

172

‫ﻓﺠﺄﺓ ﺑﺪﺃﺕ ﺃﻣﻲ ﺗﴫﺥ ﺑﺄﻋﲆ ﺻﻮﲥﺎ ﻭﺗﻨﻌﺘﻨﻲ ﺑﺄﺑﺸﻊ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺸﺘﺎﺋﻢ‬Suddenly my mother started yelling

the Jews 88 | 21928 |

in her loudest voice and calling me the ugliest 167

‫ ﹶﻭ ﹾﺿﻊ‬vn. laying down, putting, placing; drafting (document); n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭﺿﺎﻉ‬situation,

of insults 99 | 19025 |

state of affairs, status, condition

for everyone

‫ ﻛﹶﻠﹺ ﹶﻤﺔ‬n. pl. -aat word; remark; speech :‫ﻓﻜﺮﺕ ﻟﻠﺤﻈﺔ ﻛﻲ ﺗﻨﺘﻘﻲ ﻛﻠﲈﲥﺎ ﺛﻢ ﻗﺎﻟﺖ ﺑﺒﻂﺀ‬ ‫ — »ﻫﻞ ﺃﻧﺘﲈ ﺃﺻﺤﺎﺏ ﻓﻘﻂ«؟‬She thought

98 | 19640 |

for a moment in order to choose her words

‫ — ﻟﻮ ﺗﺰﻭﺟﺎ ﻟﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻮﺿﻊ ﺃﻓﻀﻞ ﻟﻠﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬If they had

173

married, the situation would have been better

and then she slowly said: “Are you just 168

169

‫ ﹸﻫﻢ‬pron. they (masc.); ‫ ﳘﻪ‬and ‫ ﳘﺎ‬/humma/ (Egy.Irq.Gul.), ‫ ﳘﻪ‬and ‫ ﳘﻲ‬/humme/ (Lev.), ‫ ﻫﻢ‬/ham/ (Alg.) ‫ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺍﻧﺎﺱ ﳐﺘﺼﻮﻥ ﺑﻤﺜﻞ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻻﺷﻴﺎﺀ ﻭﻫﻢ ﺍﻃﺒﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺴﻴﻮﻥ ﻳﺪﺭﺳﻮﻥ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺔ ﻭﺿﻊ ﺍﻻﻋﻼﻧﺎﺕ ﻟﻜﻲ ﻳﺘﺎﺛﺮ ﲠﺎ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺰﺑﻮﻥ‬There are people who specialize in

friends”? 100 | 18787 |

174

babies

such things, and they are psychologists who

‫ ﻭﺭﺑﲈ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﻛﻠﻬﺎ‬،‫ﺗﴪﻱ ﺷﻬﺮﰐ ﺑﲔ ﺃﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﺍﳊﺎﺭﺓ‬

study how to come up with ads to influence

— My reputation is spreading through the

the customer

children of the neighborhood, and perhaps

98 | 19420 |

(through) the whole city

‫ ﹶﺩ ﹾﻭﺭ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺩﻭﺍﺭ‬role, part; task, function; floor (building level); round, stage, set

99 | 18707 |

175

‫ ﹸﻣﻨ ﹸﹾﺬ‬prep. since, ago; conj. (ever) since, starting from

(sports tournament); turn (chance to act,

‫ ﻭﻣﻨﺬ ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﻟﻠﻴﻠﺔ ﺗﻐﲑﺕ‬..‫ﺗﻜﻠﲈ ﻣﺎ ﻳﻘﺮﺏ ﻣﻦ ﺳﺎﻋﺘﲔ‬ ‫ — ﺣﻴﺎﺗﻪ‬The two of them spoke for close to

play a role)

170

‫ ﻃﹺ ﹾﻔﻞ‬n. child, infant; boy, baby boy; fem. ‫ﻃﹺ ﹾﻔ ﹶﻠﺔ‬ ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾ‬n. children, infants; girl, baby girl, pl. ‫ﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬

‫ﻭﻗﻔﻮﺍ ﻛﻞ ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻡ ﰲ ﺍﻟﱪﺩ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﳼ ﺑﺎﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﺩﻭﺭﻫﻢ‬ ‫ — ﻟﻠﺪﺧﻮﻝ‬They stood all day in the bitter

two hours...and since that night his life has

cold waiting for their turn to enter

changed

99 | 19242 |

88 | 21011 |

‫ ﹶﻭ ﹾﺟﻪ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﻭ ﹸﺟﻮﻩ‬face, front; side; way, manner; ‫ﹴ‬ pl. ‫ﺟﻪ‬ ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹸ‬aspect, facet; ‫ﺧﺎﺹ‬ ‫ ﹼ‬/‫ ﺑﹺ ﹶﻮ ﹾﺟﻪ ﻋﺎ ﹼﻡ‬generally, specifically; ‫ﺟﻮﻩ‬ ‫ ﹸﻭ ﹸ‬persons, individuals; ‫ﻭﺟﻪ‬ and ‫ ﻭﻳﻪ‬/weeh/ (Gul.) face ‫ — ﺑﺎﻟﻜﺎﺩ ﻇﻬﺮﺕ ﻋﲆ ﻭﺟﻬﻬﺎ ﺍﺑﺘﺴﺎﻣﺔ ﻣﻜﺴﻮﻓﺔ‬A shy

176

￯ ‫ ﹶﻟﺪﹶ‬prep. with, by, at; (with pron.) ‫ ﹶﻟﺪﹶ ﹾﻳ ﹺﻪ‬he/it has, ‫ﻱ‬ ‫ ﹶﻟﺪﹶ ﱠ‬I have ‫ ﻭﻟﺪﻱ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﻏﺪﺍ ﰱ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻌﺔ‬،‫ﱂ ﺃﻧﻢ ﻣﻨﺬ ﺍﻷﻣﺲ‬ ‫ — ﺻﺒﺎﺣﺎ‬I haven’t slept since yesterday, and I have an operation tomorrow at seven in the

smile barely appeared on her face

morning

99 | 19108 |

89 | 20719 |

Frequency index

177

‫ ﹺﻋ ﹺ‬n./adj. Iraqi ‫ﺮﺍﻗ ﹼﻲ‬ ‫ ﻋﺮﺍﻗﻴﺎ ﰲ ﻫﺠﲈﺕ ﰲ ﺑﻐﺪﺍﺩ ﻭﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ‬١٣ ‫ﻗﺘﻞ‬ ‫ — ﺃﺧﺮ￯ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺍﻕ‬Thirteen Iraqis were

183

‫ — ﺣﺘﻰ ﺍﻷﺣﻼﻡ ﺍﳉﻤﻴﻠﺔ ﺗﺼﻞ ﺇﱃ ﳖﺎﻳﺎﲥﺎ‬Even

areas of Iraq

beautiful dreams reach their end

93 | 19794 |

99 | 18236 |

(to do sth)

‫ ﺇﹺﺳ ﹺ‬adj. Islamic; n./adj. Islamist ‫ﻼﻣ ﹼﻲ‬ ‫ﹾ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺘﻨﺎ ﺍﳋﺎﺭﺟﻴﺔ ﳚﺐ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻌﻜﺲ ﺍﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﺔ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻴﻘﺔ‬Our foreign policy should reflect

game, and he becomes very nervous if his team

95 | 18613 |

‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺻ ﹶﺒ ﹶﺢ‬v. IV to become sth; to begin, start

184

‫ﺯﻭﺟﻲ ﳎﻨﻮﻥ ﰲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻠﻌﺒﺔ ﻭﻳﺼﺒﺢ ﻋﺼﺒﻴﺎ ﺟﺪﺍ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ — ﻫﺰﻡ ﻓﺮﻳﻘﻪ‬My husband is crazy about this

profound Islamic culture

is defeated 97 | 18931 |

179

185

‫ — ﺑﻌﺪ ﻧﺤﻮ ﻧﺼﻒ ﺳﺎﻋﺔ ﻭﺻﻠﻨﺎ ﺇﱃ ﻣﺒﻨﻰ ﻣﻨﻌﺰﻝ‬After about half an hour we reached a secluded building

،‫ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺃﻣﻪ ﻗﺪ ﺟﺎﺀﺕ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﻳﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﳎﻬﻮﻝ‬ ‫ — ﻭﱂ ﺗﻜﻦ ﲤﻠﻚ ﺷﻴﺌﺎ ﻏﲑ ﻣﻼﺑﺴﻬﺎ‬His mother had come to the village from an unknown

99 | 17755 |

186

place, and she didn’t own anything but her clothes 100 | 18520 |

according to their information

(with imperf.) to begin to do

99 | 17884 |

would not discover what’s between him

‫ ﹶﺃﻛﱠﺪﹶ‬v. II to confirm sth or ‫ ﹶﺃ ﱠﻥ‬that; to underscore, ‫ )ﻋﲆ( ﹶﺃ ﱠ‬that emphasize (‫ )ﻋﲆ‬sth or ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺮ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﺐ ﺍﻟﴩﻋﻲ ﻳﺆﻛﺪ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻮﻓﺎﺓ ﻧﺘﺠﺖ ﻋﻦ ﻗﻄﻊ‬ ￯‫ — ﴍﺍﻳﲔ ﺭﺳﻎ ﺍﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﻟﻴﴪ‬The medical examiner’s

and her

report confirms that the death resulted from

97 | 18833 |

severing the arteries of the left wrist

187

And he began to call her using prepaid cards so that the family of his fiancee

181

‫ ﻣ ﹺ‬problem, issue ‫ ﹸﻣ ﹾﺸﻜﹺ ﹶﻠﺔ‬n. pl. -aat, ‫ﺸﺎﻛﻞ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ﻧﻢ ﺟﻴﺪﺍ ﻳﺎ ﺻﺪﻳﻘﻲ ﻭﺳﻮﻑ ﺗﻜﺘﺸﻒ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺼﺒﺎﺡ ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳌﺸﻜﻠﺔ ﺑﺴﻴﻄﺔ‬Sleep well my friend and

89 | 19464 |

problem is simple

‫ ﹶﺳﻼﻡ‬n. peace; pl. -aat greeting, salute; ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻼ ﹸﻡ‬ ‫ﱠ‬ ‫ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴﻜﹸﻢ‬hello; ‫ﺍﻟﻮ ﹶﻃﻨﹺ ﹼﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﹶ‬ ‫ ﱠ‬the national anthem ‫ﻫﺬﺍ ﻣﺎ ﻳﻤﻴﺰﻧﺎ ﻋﻦ ﺑﺎﻗﻲ ﺍﻷﺣﺰﺍﺏ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺘﺤﺪﺙ ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﻭﻻ ﺗﻔﻌﻠﻪ‬This is what distinguishes

99 | 18438 |

us from the rest of the parties that talk about

188

you’ll find out in the morning that the

182

‫ ﹶﻣ ﹺ‬sheikh, leader; ‫ ﹶﺷ ﹾﻴﺦ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﺷ ﹸﻴﻮﺥ‬, ß‫ﺸﺎﻳﺦ‬ pl. ‫ ﹸﺷ ﹸﻴﻮﺥ‬old man; (pol.) senator ‫ ﻛﻞ‬،‫ﺑﺪﺃ ﻛﺜﲑ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﻳﻔﴪﻭﻥ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﺦ ﺍﻷﺧﲑﺓ‬ ‫ — ﺣﺴﺐ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺗﻪ‬Many of them started to interpret the Sheikh’s last sentence, each

‫ﺻﺎﺭ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬v. I (i) to become; to happen; ‫ﻭﺻﺎﺭ ﻳﺘﺼﻞ ﲠﺎ ﺑﻮﺍﺳﻄﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﻄﺎﻗﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﺴﺒﻘﺔ‬ ‫— ﺍﻟﺪﻓﻊ ﺣﺘﻰ ﻻ ﻳﻜﺘﺸﻒ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺧﻄﻴﺒﺘﻪ ﻣﺎ ﺑﻴﻨﻪ ﻭﺑﻴﻨﻬﺎ‬

‫ ﺳﺎ ﹶﻋﺔ‬n. pl. -aat hour, time, o’clock; clock, watch, timepiece

‫ ﹶﺃ ﹺ‬, ß‫ ﹶﺃﻣ ﹺﻜﻨﹶﺔ‬place, location; ‫ ﹶﻣﻜﺎﻥ‬n. pl. ‫ﻣﺎﻛﻦ‬ ‫ﹾ‬

position, role, post

180

‫ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺻ ﹶﻞ‬v. I (i) to arrive ‫ ﺇﱃ‬at; to connect, link, join ‫ﻦ‬ ‫ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻴ ﹶ‬between; (Egy.Lev.) /wiSil, yiwSal/ (Lev. also /yuuSal/), (Irq.Gul.) /wuSal, yooSal/

killed in attacks in Baghdad and other

178

25

peace but don’t make it

‫ﴩﺓ‬ ‫ ﹶﻋ ﹶ ﹶ‬num. fem. ‫ﹶﴩ‬ ‫ ﻋ ﹾ‬ten; n. ‫ ﻋ ﹶﹶﴩﺍﺕ‬tens,

92 | 18801 | +spo

scores, dozens; (used in the numbers 11–19)

‫ﻋﴩﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﺎﻝ ﺳﻬﺮﻭﺍ ﺍﻟﻠﻴﺎﱃ ﰱ ﺟﻬﺪ ﻣﺘﻮﺍﺻﻞ‬ ‫ — ﺣﺘﻰ ﺛﺒﺘﺖ ﳍﻢ ﺑﺮﺍﺀﺗﻚ‬Dozens of men

189

‫ ﹶﺳ ﱢﻴﺪ‬n. pl. ‫ ﺳﺎ ﹶﺩﺓ‬Sir, Mr; lord, master, boss ‫ ﻋﺎﻭﺯﲏ‬،‫ ﺍﻧﺖ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺪ ﻭﺃﻧﺎ ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺪ‬..‫ﺧﻼﺹ ﻳﺎ ﺳﻴﺪﻱ‬ ‫ — ﺃﻋﻤﻞ ﻟﻚ ﺇﻳﻪ ﺗﺎﲏ؟‬Ok sir....you are the master

stayed up nights in a prolonged effort

and I am the slave, what else do you want me

until your innocence was proven

to do for you? (Said in ridicule)

99 | 18273 |

99 | 17543 |

26

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

190

‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺣﺐ‬ n. pl. ‫ﺻﺤﺎﺏ‬ ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾ‬owner, possessor; originator; friend, companion; pl. ‫ﺤﺐ‬ ‫ﹶﺻ ﹾ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ companion (esp. of the Prophet); ‫ ﺻﺎﺣ ﹶﺒﺔ‬n.

196

When he came she took her books and

-aat (female) friend, girlfriend

pretended to be studying

‫ﻣﻦ ﻫﻢ ﺃﺻﺤﺎﺏ ﺍﳌﺼﻠﺤﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ﺑﲔ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ‬ ‫ ﻭﺑﲔ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻠﻢ؟‬،‫ — ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﺔ‬Who are those who possess an interest in the separation

99 | 16965 |

197

between religion and politics, and between 99 | 17450 |

‫ ﹶﻋﺪﹶ ﻡ‬n. (in idafa) absence of, lack of; non-, not ‫— ﺃﻋﺘﺬﺭ ﺑﺸﺪﺓ ﻋﲆ ﺭﺩﺍﺀﺓ ﺧﻄﻲ ﻭﻋﺪﻡ ﻭﺿﻮﺣﻪ‬

and did not permit anyone in the college to go beyond the limits of simply being colleagues

I apologize strongly for my horrible script and

99 | 16894 |

its illegibility 98 | 17472 |

192

198

‫ ﻫﺎ‬interj. look! here (he/she is, they are, ‫ ﹶ‬here, take!; I am, we are); (with pron.) ‫ﻫﺎﻙ‬

‫ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺧ ﹶﺬ‬v. I (u) to take sth; (with imperf.) to begin to do sth; (imperat.) ‫ ﹸﺧ ﹾﺬ‬, (Irq.) ‫ ﹸﺃ ﹸﺧﺬ‬take! ‫ ﺳﺄﻧﺘﻈﺮﻙ ﰱ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻘﺒﺎﻝ‬..‫ — ﺧﺬ ﺭﺍﺣﺘﻚ‬Take your time...I’ll wait for you in the reception (hall)

(Dia.) interrog. huh?

‫ ﻫﺎ ﻫﻰ ﺃﻳﺎﻡ‬..‫ﺳﻴﴩﺏ ﻭﻳﺘﻄﻠﻊ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﺼﻮﺭ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﻳﻤﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺴﻌﺎﺩﺓ ﺗﺘﺒﺪ￯ ﺃﻣﺎﻡ ﻋﻴﻨﻴﻪ‬He will drink and look

‫ ﹶﺣﺪﹼ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﺣﺪﹸ ﻭﺩ‬extent, limit, level; edge, ‫ ﹸﺣﺪﹸ ﻭﺩ‬border, frontier; range, scope; ‫( ﹶﳊﹶﺪﹼ‬Lev.) prep. up until ‫ﻋﺎﺷﺖ ﻋﻤﺮﻫﺎ ﻣﻠﺘﺰﻣﺔ ﻭﱂ ﺗﺴﻤﺢ ﻷﺣﺪ ﰱ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺔ ﺑﺄﻥ‬ ‫ — ﻳﺘﺠﺎﻭﺯ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﺰﻣﺎﻟﺔ‬She lived her life strictly, corner;

religion and science?

191

‫ ﻛﹺﺘﺎﺏ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﻛﺘﹸﺐ‬book ‫— ﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﺟﺎﺀ ﺃﺧﺬﺕ ﻛﺘﺒﻬﺎ ﻭﺗﻈﺎﻫﺮﺕ ﺑﺎﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺔ‬

99 | 16858 |

before his eyes

‫ ﻧﹺﻈﺎﻡ‬n. pl. ‫ﺃﻧﹾﻈﹺ ﹶﻤﺔ‬, ß‫ ﹸﻧ ﹸﻈﻢ‬regime, government; ‫ﹺ‬ system; ‫ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ‬orderliness ‫ — ﺍﺧﺘﻠﻄﺖ ﺃﺻﻮﺍﲥﻢ ﺑﻐﲑ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ‬Their voices

98 | 17352 | +lit +spo

jumbled together in disarray

199

at old pictures...the days of happiness appear

95 | 17514 |

193

‫ ﹶﺣ ﹶﺮﻛﹶﺔ‬n. pl. -aat movement, motion, activity;

organization, (political) movement

‫ﺍﻋﺘﱪﺗﻪ ﺍﳌﺆﺳﺴﺔ ﺍﳊﺎﻛﻤﺔ ﳑﺜﻼ ﳊﺮﻛﺔ ﲪﺎﺱ ﰲ ﺍﻻﺧﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﺍﻻﺭﺩﻧﻴﲔ‬The ruling establishment

200

(himself, herself, etc.); (in idafa) a certain, a given (day, time, occasion, person, thing);

Brothers

‫ ﺑﹺ ﹼ‬exactly, precisely ‫ﺎﻟﺬﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﱂ ﺃﻋﺪ ﺃﺷﻌﺮ ﺑﺬﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺮﻋﺐ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻛﻨﺖ ﺃﺷﻌﺮ ﺑﻪ ﰲ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺒﺪﺍﻳﺔ‬I no longer feel the same fear that

99 | 16997 |

I used to feel in the beginning

considered him to be a representative of the Hamas movement in the Jordanian Muslim

194

‫ ﹶﺭ ﹼﺏ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺭﺑﺎﺏ‬lord, master; Lord (God); owner, proprietor

‫ — ﺭﺑﻨﺎ ﳛﻔﻈﻚ ﻭﻳﻨﴫﻙ ﻭﳜﻠﻴﻚ‬May our

99 | 16679 |

201

‫ ﹶﻧ ﹶﻌﻢ‬interj. yes ‫ — ﻫﻞ ﺗﻌﻴﺶ ﰲ ﺳﻜﻦ ﺍﻟﻄﻠﺒﺔ؟ – ﻧﻌﻢ‬Do you live

Lord protect you and grant you victory and

in the student housing? – Yes

keep you

98 | 16762 | +spo

99 | 17092 | +for

195

‫ ﺫﺍﺕ‬fem.n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺫﻭﺍﺕ‬ego, self; ‫ ﺫﺍﺕ‬same, -self

‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻛ ﹶﺒﺮ‬elat. fem. ￯‫ ﹸﻛ ﹾﺒ ﹶﺮ‬larger/largest, greater/

greatest; adj. senior, elder; important, significant; great, major

‫— ﺇﻧﺪﻭﻧﻴﺴﻴﺎ ﻫﻲ ﺃﻛﱪ ﺩﻭﻟﺔ ﺇﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﰱ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﱂ‬ Indonesia is the largest Muslim country

202

‫ ﹶﻗ ﹺﻀ ﱠﻴﺔ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﻗﻀﺎﻳﺎ‬problem, issue; lawsuit,

legal case

‫ ﻃﺒﻌﺎ‬،‫ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻒ ﺍﻷﻣﲑﻛﻴﺔ ﺭﻛﺰﺕ ﻋﲆ ﻋﺪﺩ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻘﻀﺎﻳﺎ‬ ‫ — ﻛﺎﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺃﳘﻬﺎ ﺟﻨﺎﺯﺓ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺑﺎ‬The American newspapers focused on a number of issues, the most important of which, of course, was

in the world

the Pope’s funeral

100 | 16943 |

99 | 16601 |

Frequency index

203

‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﹴ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺽ‬ (def. ‫ )ﻣﺎﴈ‬adj. past; previous, last; n. ‫ﺍﳌﺎﴈ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ the past ‫ﺃﱂ ﺃﻗﻞ ﻟﻚ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺮﺓ ﺍﳌﺎﺿﻴﺔ ﺇﲏ ﻻ ﺃﺭﻳﺪ ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ — ﺃﺭ￯ ﻭﺟﻬﻚ ﻣﺮﺓ ﺃﺧﺮ￯؟‬Didn’t I tell you

210

university cafeteria 98 | 16373 |

again?

204

211

‫ ﺇﹺﻧﹾﺴﺎﻥ‬n. fem. ‫ﺇﹺﻧﹾﺴﺎﻧﹶﺔ‬, pl. ‫ ﹸﺃﻧﺎﺱ‬human being ‫ — ﻻ ﻳﺴﺘﻄﻴﻊ ﺍﻹﻧﺴﺎﻥ ﺃﻥ ﳜﻔﻰ ﺩﻳﻨﻪ‬A man cannot

205

different decisions 98 | 16341 |

212

‫ ﺣﺎ ﹶﻟﺔ‬n. pl. -aat condition, state, situation; case, instance

92 | 17309 |

for me to see him in this condition

206

213

‫ ﹶﺃ ﹺﺧﲑ‬adj. last; latest, recent; ‫ ﺍﻷﹶ ﹺﺧﲑ‬the latter; ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹺﺧﲑ ﹰﺍ‬finally; recently, lately ‫ ﻟﻜﻨﻪ ﺃﺗﻰ ﺃﺧﲑﺍ‬،‫— ﱂ ﺗﻈﻦ ﻗﻂ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻮﻣﺎ ﻛﻬﺬﺍ ﺳﻴﺄﰐ‬

first to see it 88 | 18150 |

but it finally came

207

214

‫ ﹶﺭﻏﹾﻢ‬and ‫ ﹸﺭﻏﹾﻢ‬n. ‫ ﹶﺭﻏ ﹶﹾﻢ‬, ß‫ﺍﻟﺮ ﹾﻏ ﹺﻢ ﹺﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﹺ ﱠ‬ ‫ﻋﹶﲆ ﱠ‬, and ‫ﺎﻟﺮ ﹾﻏ ﹺﻢ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ ﻣﻦ‬in spite of, despite ￯‫ﺃﻫﻨﺌﻚ ﻷﻧﻚ ﺗﻔﻮﻗﺖ ﺑﺎﻟﺮﻏﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺋﺲ ﺍﻟﺬ‬ ‫ — ﺗﻠﻘﻴﺘﻪ‬I congratulate you because you

‫ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻮﺭﻳﻮﻥ‬،‫ﻻ ﻳﺰﺍﻝ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺃﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﻳﺄﺗﻮﻥ ﻋﱪ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳊﺪﻭﺩ‬ ‫ — ﻳﺴﺘﻄﻴﻌﻮﻥ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻤﻨﻌﻮﻫﻢ‬There are still individuals who come through these borders, and the Syrians could prevent them

received

99 | 16026 |

98 | 16548 |

‫ﺇﱃ ﺟﺎﻧﹺ ﹺ‬ ‫ ﺟﺎﻧﹺﺐ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺟﻮﺍﻧﹺﺐ‬side, aspect, part; ‫ﺐ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ ﺑﺠﺎﻧ ﹺ‬next to, beside and ‫ﺐ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﻞ ﻳﻘﻒ ﰲ ﺟﺎﻧﺐ ﺍﳌﻜﺎﻥ ﻳﺮﺍﻗﺐ ﻣﺎ ﻳﺪﻭﺭ ﺣﻮﻟﻪ‬ ‫ — ﰲ ﺩﻫﺸﺔ‬The man was standing to the side

‫ ﹶ‬v. I (a) to cease; (with neg.) ‫ﺰﺍﻝ‬ ‫ ﻻ ﹶﻳ ﹸ‬, ß‫ﺯﺍﻝ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ ﹶ‬, ß ‫ﺯﺍﻝ‬ ‫ ﻻ ﹶ‬and ‫ﺰﺍﻝ‬ ‫ ﻣﺎ ﹶﻳ ﹸ‬to continue to be or do sth ‫ﺯﺍﻝ‬ (lit. to not cease being or doing sth)

excelled despite the wretched education you

208

‫ ﹶﻟ ﹶﻘﺪﹾ‬part. (with perf.) has/have already ‫ﻟﻘﺪ ﺍﻧﺘﻬﻰ ﻣﻦ ﻟﻮﺣﺘﻪ ﺍﳉﺪﻳﺪﺓ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳌﺴﺎﺀ ﻭﻗﺮﺭ ﺃﻥ ﻧﻜﻮﻥ‬ ‫ — ﺃﻭﻝ ﻣﻦ ﻳﺸﺎﻫﺪﻫﺎ‬He finished his new painting this evening, and he decided that we will be the

She never thought a day like this would come, 99 | 16524 |

‫ﻨﺎﲏ‬ ‫ ﹸﻟ ﹾﺒ ﹺ ﹼ‬n./adj. Lebanese ‫ﻛﻴﻒ ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﺃﻥ ﺗﺴﻮ￯ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳋﻼﻓﺎﺕ ﺑﲔ ﺍﻷﻃﺮﺍﻑ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻠﺒﻨﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﺍﳌﻌﺎﺭﺿﺔ؟‬How can these differences between the opposing Lebanese parties be settled?

‫ — ﻳﺼﻌﺐ ﻋﲇ ﺃﻥ ﺃﺭﺍﻩ ﰲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳊﺎﻟﺔ‬It is difficult 99 | 16488 |

‫ ﹶﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬n. pl. -aat decision, resolution ‫ﺃﲤﻨﻰ ﺃﻥ ﺃﻋﻴﺪ ﺣﻴﺎﰐ ﻣﺮﺓ ﺃﺧﺮ￯ ﻷﲣﺬ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺍﺕ ﳐﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ — I hope to redo my life again so I can make

hide his religion 99 | 16596 |

‫ ﹺ‬n. pl. -aat university; league ‫ﺟﺎﻣ ﹶﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﻋﻮﲥﺎ ﻳﻮﻡ ﺍﳉﻤﻌﺔ ﺍﱃ ﺍﻟﻘﻬﻮﺓ ﰱ ﻛﺎﻓﻴﱰﻳﺎ ﺍﳉﺎﻣﻌﺔ‬ — I invited her on Friday for coffee in the

last time that I don’t want to see your face 98 | 16829 |

27

215

‫( ﹶﺭ ﹾﺃﺱ‬Dia. ‫ ﺭﺍﺱ‬/raas/) n. pl. ‫ ﹸﺭﺅﹸ ﻭﺱ‬head; tip, top; ‫ ﹶﺭ ﹾﺃﺱ ﻣﺎﻝ‬, pl. ‫( ﹸﺭﺅﹸ ﻭﺱ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻣﻮﺍﻝ‬fin.) capital; (geo.) cape; ‫ ﹶﺭ ﹾﺃﺳ ﹰﺎ‬immediately ‫ﺭﻓﻌﺖ ﺯﻫﺮﺓ ﺭﺃﺳﻬﺎ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺮﺓ ﺇﱃ ﴍﻓﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﻮﺕ‬ — Zahra raised her head more than once to

of the place watching in amazement what was

(see) the houses’ balconies

happening around him

99 | 15864 |

90 | 18004 |

209

‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﺐ‬ ‫ ﹸﺣ ﹼ‬n. love, affection; ‫ ﹸﺣ ﹼﺒ ﹰﺎ ﻟـ‬out of affection

216

‫ ﺗ ﹾﹶﺤﺖ‬n. bottom part; ‫ﹶﺤ ﹶﺖ‬ ‫ ﺗ ﹾ‬prep. below, under; ‫ ﻟﺘﺤﺖ‬/la-taHt, la-taHit/ (Lev.) adv. down,

for, for love of

downward

love, everything in this world will lose its

the men pulled a living person from under the

pleasure

rubble, cries of “God is great, God is great” arose

99 | 16244 |

99 | 15655 |

‫ ﻓﺴﺘﻔﻘﺪ ﻛﻞ ﺍﻷﺷﻴﺎﺀ ﰲ‬،‫ﻟﻮ ﻓﻘﺪﻧﺎ ﺇﻳﲈﻧﻨﺎ ﺑﺎﳊﺐ‬ ‫ — ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺪﻧﻴﺎ ﻟﺬﲥﺎ‬If we lose our faith in

‫ﻛﻠﲈ ﺃﺧﺮﺝ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﺎﻝ ﺷﺨﺼﺎ ﺣﻴﺎ ﻣﻦ ﲢﺖ ﺍﻷﻧﻘﺎﺽ‬ ‫ — ﺍﺭﺗﻔﻌﺖ ﺍﻟﺼﻴﺤﺎﺕ ﺍﷲ ﺃﻛﱪ ﺍﷲ ﺃﻛﱪ‬Whenever

28

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

217

218

‫ﺯﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ ﹺﻭ ﹶ‬n. pl. -aat ministry ‫ﺗﻢ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﺀ ﺍﻻﺗﺼﺎﻻﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻨﺴﻴﻖ ﻣﻊ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻷﺷﻐﺎﻝ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺼﺤﺔ‬Communications and

224

/Haka, tiHki/, (Irq.) /Hicha, tiHchi/ to speak, talk; say; tell

coordination have been established with the

‫ﻛﻴﻒ ﺳﻴﻘﻨﻌﻬﺎ ﺑﺄﻥ ﲢﻜﻲ ﻟﻪ ﻛﻞ ﺍﻷﻣﻮﺭ ﻟﻴﻔﻬﻢ ﻣﺎ ﳚﺮﻱ؟‬

Ministries of Public Works and Health

— How is he going to convince her to tell him

96 | 16143 |

everything so that he understands what is happening?

‫ ﹶﻫﺪﹶ ﻑ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻫﺪﺍﻑ‬goal, target; intention,

86 | 17673 | +spo

objective; (in sports) goal, point

of death

‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﺔ‬ ‫ ﻧﹶﺘ ﹶ‬n. pl. ‫ ﻧﹶﺘﺎﺋﺞ‬result, outcome; consequence; ‫ ﻧﹶﺘﹺﻴﺠ ﹰﺔ ﻟـﹺ‬as a result of ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ ﻭﺇﻧﲈ ﺑﻔﻀﻞ‬،‫ﺷﻔﺎﺅﻩ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﺯﻣﺔ ﱂ ﻳﺄﺕ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﺔ ﺍﻷﺩﻭﻳﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺻﻼﺑﺔ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻴﺔ‬His recovery from the crisis did

98 | 15682 |

not come as a result of medications, but thanks

‫ ﻭﻟﻜﻦ ﻟﻴﺲ‬،‫ﺍﻥ ﻫﺪﻓﻨﺎ ﻫﻮ ﲡﻮﻳﻊ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺐ ﺍﻟﻔﻠﺴﻄﻴﻨﻲ‬ ‫ — ﺍﱃ ﺩﺭﺟﺔ ﺍﳌﻮﺕ‬Our goal is to starve out

225

the Palestinian people, but not to the point

219

to (his) inner strength

‫ ﹶﻋﻼ ﹶﻗﺔ‬n. pl. -aat relation, link, tie,

98 | 15357 |

connection

relationship between religion and the

‫ ﹸﺃ ﹾﺧﺖ‬n. pl. ‫( ﹶﺃ ﹶﺧﻮﺍﺕ‬Lev.Irq.Gul. ‫ ) ﹶﺧﻮﺍﺕ‬sister; mate, counterpart (in a pair); ‫( ﺇﹺ ﹾﺧﻮﺍﺕ‬Egy.)

economy?

sisters; siblings

‫ — ﻣﺎ ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ؟‬What is the

226

‫ﻻ ﺃﻓﻬﻢ ﻛﻴﻒ ﺍﺳﺘﻄﺎﻋﺖ ﺃﺧﺘﻚ ﺍﻟﻌﻴﺶ ﻣﻊ ﻫﺬﺍ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺮﺟﻞ ﻭﻛﻴﻒ ﱂ ﺗﻄﻠﺐ ﺍﻟﻄﻼﻕ ﻣﻨﻪ‬I don’t

99 | 15425 |

220

‫ ﹸﺷﻜﹾﺮ‬n. thankfulness, thanks; ‫ ﹸﺷﻜﹾﺮ ﹰﺍ‬interj.

understand how your sister could live with

thank you, thanks

this man and how she didn’t seek a divorce

‫ — ﺷﻜﺮﺍ ﻋﲆ ﲥﻨﺌﺘﻚ ﺑﺎﻟﻌﻴﺪ ﺍﻟﺴﻌﻴﺪ‬Thank you for

from him

your congratulations on a happy holiday

91 | 16432 | +for

99 | 15492 | +for

221

222

223

‫ ﹶﺣﻜﹶﻰ‬v. I (i) to tell, relate, report; (Lev.)

‫ ﻣﺘ ﹺ‬adj. united ‫ﱠﺤﺪ‬ ‫ﹸ‬ ‫ﺭﺃﺕ ﻫﻴﺌﺔ ﺍﻷﻣﻢ ﺍﳌﺘﺤﺪﺓ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺴﻴﻢ ﻫﻮ ﺧﲑ ﺍﳊﻠﻮﻝ‬

227

‫ ﹶﺭ ﹾﺃﻱ‬n. pl. ‫ ﺁﺭﺍﺀ‬opinion, view; idea ‫ ﻭﺇﺫﺍ ﺃﺭﺩﺕ‬،‫ﺃﺷﻜﺮﻙ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻟﺼﻮﺭ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺑﻌﺜﺖ ﲠﺎ ﺇﱄ‬ ‫ — ﺭﺃﻳﻲ ﻓﺈﲏ ﺃﻗﻮﻝ ﻟﻚ ﺇﻥ ﺑﻠﺪﻙ ﲨﻴﻞ‬Thank you for

— The United Nations Organization felt

the pictures you sent me, and if you want my

that partitioning (Palestine) was the best

opinion, I’ll tell you that your country is

solution

beautiful

92 | 16529 |

99 | 15012 |

‫ ﹸﻣ ﹾﺠﺘ ﹶﹶﻤﻊ‬n. pl. -aat society ‫ﺍﳌﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﺍﳉﺎﻣﻌﻴﺔ ﺗﺴﻬﻢ ﰲ ﺧﻠﻖ ﳎﺘﻤﻊ ﺃﺷﺒﻪ ﺑﺒﺴﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ — ﻣﺘﻨﻮﻉ ﺍﻷﺷﺠﺎﺭ ﻭﺍﻷﺯﻫﺎﺭ‬The University City

228

‫ﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ ﺇﹺ ﹶ‬n. pl. -aat administration, management; bureau, office, directorate

contributes to the creation of a society that is

‫ﻧﺴﺒﺔ ﻛﺒﲑﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﻣﲑﻛﻴﲔ ﻳﺆﻳﺪﻭﻥ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳊﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬A large percentage of the Americans

more like a grove with various (types of ) trees

support the decisions of the current

and flowers

administration

96 | 15867 |

96 | 15434 |

‫ ﻣ ﹺ‬center; station; (sports) ‫ ﹶﻣ ﹾﺮﻛﹶﺰ‬n. pl. ‫ﺮﺍﻛﺰ‬ ‫ﹶ‬

ranking, position

‫ﻟﻴﻨﻴﻨﺠﺮﺍﺩ ﻫﻰ ﺍﳌﺮﻛﺰ ﺍﻟﺼﻨﺎﻋﻰ ﻭﺍﻟﺜﻘﺎﰱ ﻟﺮﻭﺳﻴﺎ ﻭﻟﻦ‬ ‫ — ﺗﺴﻘﻂ‬Leningrad is the industrial and cultural

229

‫ ﹸﻣ ﹾﺴﻠﹺﻢ‬n./adj. pl. -uun Muslim ‫ﺍﳌﺬﻫﺐ ﺍﻟﻮﻫﺎﺑﻰ ﳛﺮﻡ ﺍﳋﺮﻭﺝ ﻋﲆ ﺍﳊﺎﻛﻢ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻢ ﺣﺘﻰ‬ ‫ — ﻟﻮ ﻇﻠﻢ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ‬The Wahhabi sect forbids rebellion against a Muslim ruler, even if

center of Russia, and it will never fall

he oppresses the people

98 | 15483 |

97 | 15307 |

Frequency index

230

‫ ﹶﺻ ﹺﻐﲑ‬adj. pl. ‫ ﹺﺻﻐﺎﺭ‬small; young; ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻐﺎﺭ‬ children, youths; (Lev.Irq.) ‫ ﺯﻏﲑ‬/zghiir/, ‫ ﺯﻏﺎﺭ‬/zghaar/ ‫ﺳﺘﻌﻤﻞ ﻋﲆ ﺗﻨﻔﻴﺬ ﻣﴩﻭﻉ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﻭﺽ ﺍﻟﺼﻐﲑﺓ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ‬ ‫ — ﺳﻴﺴﻬﻢ ﰲ ﺍﳊﺪ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺸﻜﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﻘﺮ ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻄﺎﻟﺔ‬She will

236

work on implementing the small loan project

‫ﺷﻄﻒ ﺍﻟﱪﺍﺩ ﻭﻣﻸﻩ ﺑﺎﳌﺎﺀ ﻭﻭﺿﻌﻪ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺭ ﻟﻴﺼﻨﻊ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺸﺎﻱ‬He washed the kettle and filled it with

which will contribute to curbing the problem of

water and put it on the fire to make tea

poverty and unemployment

99 | 14641 |

237

‫ ﻣﺎ‬interrog. what, which ‫ﻣﺎ ﺭﺃﻳﻚ ﻳﺎ ﺭﺃﻓﺖ؟ ﻫﻞ ﻧﺒﺪﺃ ﺑﺎﻟﻌﺸﺎﺀ ﺃﻡ ﻧﺸﺎﻫﺪ ﺍﻟﻠﻮﺣﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺃﻭﻻ؟‬What is your opinion, Ra’fat? Should painting first? 96 | 15396 |

92 | 15763 | +news

238

،‫ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺔ ﺑﲔ ﺃﻣﺮﺍﺽ ﺿﻌﻒ ﺍﳌﻨﺎﻋﺔ ﻭﺍﻹﻳﺪﺯ ﻣﻦ ﻧﺎﺣﻴﺔ‬ ‫ ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﻣﻬﻤﺔ‬، ￯‫— ﻭﺍﻷﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻐﺬﺍﺋﻲ ﻣﻦ ﻧﺎﺣﻴﺔ ﺃﺧﺮ‬ The relationship between immune deficiency illnesses and AIDS on the one hand, and food security on the other hand, is significant

career except in reciting the Qur)an

97 | 14715 |

98 | 14954 |

‫ﹺﹺ‬ ‫ﻴﲇ‬ ‫ ﺇﹺ ﹾﴎﺍﺋ ﹼ‬n./adj. pl. -uun Israeli ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﺍﻹﴎﺍﺋﻴﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﻠﺴﻄﻴﻨﻴﺔ ﱂ ﺗﺸﻬﺪ ﺃﻱ ﺗﻄﻮﺭ‬ ‫ — ﻣﻠﻤﻮﺱ ﻋﲆ ﺃﺭﺽ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﻗﻊ‬The Israeli-Palestinian

239

No, I will believe it 65 | 21911 |

progress in reality

234

240

‫ ﹶﻗﺪﱠ ﹶﻡ‬v. II to offer, present sth; to submit ‫ ﻋﲆ‬for (position) ‫ ﻃﺒﻖ ﻣﺮﺻﻊ ﺑﺎﻟﺼﺪﻑ ﻣﻦ ﺧﺎﻥ‬:‫ﻗﺪﻣﺖ ﻟﻪ ﻫﺪﻳﺔ ﺑﺴﻴﻄﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳋﻠﻴﲇ‬I offered him a simple gift: a plate (request, complaint); to apply

‫ ﺑﹺﲈ‬part. with what, with which; ‫ ﺑﹺﲈ ﹶﺃ ﱠﻥ‬because, in view of the fact that, considering that;

‫ ﺑﹺﲈ ﰲ ٰﺫﻟﹺ ﹶﻚ‬including ‫ﻭﺑﲈ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻻﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﻣﻘﺮﺭﺓ ﰲ ﻳﻨﺎﻳﺮ ﻓﺈﻧﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﴬﻭﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﲢﻘﻴﻖ ﻧﻮﻉ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﻟﻜﻲ ﻳﺘﻢ ﺍﻻﻗﱰﺍﻉ ﰲ ﲨﻴﻊ ﺃﻧﺤﺎﺀ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺒﻼﺩ‬Since the elections are scheduled for

‫ ﹺﻣﺶ‬and ‫( ﹸﻣﺶ‬Egy.Lev.Gul.) neg.part. not ‫ ﺣﺎﺻﺪﻕ‬،‫ ﻷ‬- .‫ ﻣﺶ ﺣﺎﺗﺼﺪﻕ‬- ‫— ﺃﻳﻪ ﺍﻟﲇ ﺣﺼﻞ؟‬ What happened? – You won’t believe it. –

peace process hasn’t witnessed any tangible 84 | 17343 |

‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻣﻦ‬n. safety, security, protection; order,

control, discipline

‫ ﻗﺎﻧﹸﻮﻥ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﻗﻮﺍﻧﹺﲔ‬law, statutes, regulations ‫ ﺃﻻ ﻳﻌﻤﻞ ﰱ ﺷﻰﺀ‬،‫ ﺣﺴﺐ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻧﻮﻥ‬،‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﻋﲆ ﻛﻞ ﻣﻨﻬﲈ‬ ‫ — ﻏﲑ ﻗﺮﺍﺀﺓ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ‬According to the law, each one of (the two of ) them cannot take any

233

‫ ﺍﻷﹶ ﹾﻣ ﹺ‬and ‫ﺲ‬ ‫ ﺑﹺﺎﻷﹶ ﹾﻣ ﹺ‬yesterday ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻣ ﹺ‬adv. yesterday; ‫ﺲ‬ ‫ﺲ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤﺖ ﺑﺨﱪ ﺍﻻﻓﺮﺍﺝ ﻋﻨﻚ ﺍﻭﻝ ﺍﻣﺲ ﻭﻓﺮﺣﺘﻰ ﻻ ﳛﺪﻫﺎ‬ ‫ — ﺣﺪﻭﺩ‬I learned of your release the day before yesterday, and my joy knew no bounds

we begin with dinner or should we see the

232

‫ ﻣﺎﺀ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹺﻣﻴﺎﻩ‬water; liquid; juice; ‫( ﹺﻣﻴﺎﻩ‬body of ) water; waters; (Dia.) ‫ ﻣﺎﻱ‬/maay/, ‫ ﻣﻲ‬/mayy/ and ‫ ﻣﻴﺔ‬/mayya/: (Egy.) /mayya/; (Lev.) /mayy(a)/; (Irq.) /mayy(a), maay/; (Gul.) /maay, mayy(a)/

99 | 14834 |

231

29

inlaid with mother-of-pearl from Khan Al-Khalili 99 | 14411 |

241

January, it is necessary to accomplish a kind of peace so that voting in all parts of the country

‫ ﹶﺷﺨﹾ ﺺ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺷﺨﺎﺹ‬person, individual ‫ — ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺭﻉ ﺧﺎﻝ ﺇﻻ ﻣﻦ ﺛﻼﺛﺔ ﺃﺷﺨﺎﺹ‬The street is empty except for three people

can be carried out

99 | 14382 |

99 | 14771 |

235

‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﹶﻄﺎﻉ‬ ‫ ﺍ ﹾﺳﺘ ﹶ‬v. X to be able ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻥ‬/vn. to do sth, to be ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾ‬/vn. of doing sth capable ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ ﺃﻭ ﺃﳖﺎ ﱂ‬،‫ ﱂ ﺗﺴﺘﻄﻊ ﻣﻴﺸﻴﻞ ﺃﻥ ﲢﺒﻪ‬،‫ﺭﻏﻢ ﻛﻞ ﻫﺬﺍ‬ ‫ — ﺗﺴﻤﺢ ﻟﻨﻔﺴﻬﺎ ﺑﺎﳌﺤﺎﻭﻟﺔ‬Despite all this,

242

‫ ﻛﹶﻼﻡ‬n. speech, talk; statement, remark; saying, quote

‫ ﻟﻜﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﻠﻴﻔﻮﻥ ﺭﻥ ﻣﻦ‬،‫ﺟﻠﺴﺖ ﺗﻔﻜﺮ ﺑﻌﻤﻖ ﰱ ﻛﻼﻡ ﻣﻬﺎ‬ ‫ — ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻭﻓﻮﺟﺌﺖ ﺑﺼﻮﺕ ﺃﺑﻴﻬﺎ‬She sat thinking deeply about what Maha said, but the

Michelle was not able to love him, or she

telephone rang again and she was surprised by

didn’t allow herself to try

the voice of her father

90 | 16240 |

99 | 14240 |

30

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

243

244

‫ ﻣ ﹺ‬position, location, site; website ‫ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻮ ﹺﻗﻊ‬n. pl. ‫ﻮﺍﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ﺃﻃﻠﺐ ﻣﻨﻜﻢ ﻭﺿﻊ ﻣﻮﻗﻊ ﺧﺎﺹ ﻟﻠﻌﺮﰊ ﺍﻟﺼﻐﲑ ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ — ﺷﺒﻜﺔ ﺍﻹﻧﱰﻧﺖ‬I’m asking you to put up a

246

a.p. entering, coming in

‫ﺃﻳﻦ ﻳﺬﻫﺐ ﲠﺬﻩ ﺍﻷﺭﺍﻧﺐ ﺍﻟﺘﻰ ﺗﻌﻠﻘﺖ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﴎﻭﺍﻟﻪ؟‬

special site for the “Young Arab” on the Internet

— Where is he going with these rabbits which

98 | 14428 |

are hanging inside his pants?

‫ ﹺﻣﺌﹶﺔ‬and ‫ ﹺﻣﺎﺋﹶﺔ‬num. (one) hundred, pl. ‫ﹺﻣﺌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﹺ ﹺ‬ hundreds; ‫ ﻣﺌﹶﺘﺎﻥ‬two hundred; ‫ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺌﹶﺔ‬and ‫ﺑﹺﺎﳌﺌﹶﺔ‬ percent; ‫( ﻣﻴﺔ‬Egy.Irq.) /miyya/, (Lev.) /miyye/, (Gul.) /miya, ’imya/; ‫( ﻣﻴﺔ‬in idafa)

99 | 14216 |

247

‫ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺃﲨﻞ ﺍﳉﻤﻴﻼﺕ ﻟﻜﻦ ﺍﻟﻮﺣﺪﺓ ﺍﺻﺎﺑﺘﻬﺎ ﺑﺸﻴﺨﻮﺧﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺑﺎﻛﺮﺓ‬She was the most beautiful of all the

‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﳌﺌﺎﺕ ﻣﻦ ﺳﻜﺎﻥ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻴﲈﻧﻴﺔ ﻗﺪ ﺗﻈﺎﻫﺮﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﺧﻼﻝ ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻣﲔ ﺍﳌﺎﺿﻴﲔ ﺍﺣﺘﺠﺎﺟﺎ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻟﻘﺼﻒ ﺍﻹﻳﺮﺍﲏ‬

beauties, but her isolation struck her with early old age

— Hundreds of inhabitants of the Sulaimaniyya

94 | 14958 |

area demonstrated during the last two days protesting the Iranian bombing

248

99 | 14276 |

‫ ﹶﻭ ﹾﺣﺪﹶ ﺓ‬n. unity; solitude, loneliness; pl. -aat unit, item; portion, section

(Egy.Lev.Irq.) /miit/, (Gul.) /miyat, ’imyat/

245

‫ ﹺ‬n. interior, inside; ‫ﺩﺍﺧ ﹶﻞ‬ ‫ ﹺ‬prep. inside (of ); ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻞ‬

‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﲔ‬ ‫ ﺣ ﹶ‬prep. when ‫ﻭﺣﲔ ﺣﺎﻭﻟﻨﺎ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﺃﺻﻞ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺔ ﻭﺧﺼﺎﺋﺼﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﻫﺸﻨﺎ ﺣﲔ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﻔﻨﺎ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻐﺠﺮ ﺃﻧﻔﺴﻬﻢ ﻻ ﻳﻌﺮﻓﻮﻥ ﻣﺎﻫﻴﺔ‬ ‫ — ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺔ ﻭﻻ ﺃﺻﻠﻬﺎ‬When we tried to find out

‫ ﹸﺃ ﱠﻣﺔ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﺃ ﹶﻣﻢ‬nation; people, community; ‫ ﹸﺍﻷﻣﺔ ﹺﺍﻹﺳ ﹺ‬the Islamic community; ‫ﻼﻣ ﱠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﹾ‬ ‫ﱠ‬ ‫ ﹸﺍﻷﻣﻢ ﺍ ﹸﳌﺘ ﹺ‬the United Nations ‫ﱠﺤﺪﹶ ﺓ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ ﺗﺒﺤﺚ ﻋﻦ ﻗﻮﲥﺎ ﻭﺟﺤﺮ‬،‫ﻟﻘﺪ ﲢﻮﻟﻨﺎ ﺇﱃ ﺃﻣﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻞ‬ ‫ — ﲣﺘﺒﺊ ﻓﻴﻪ‬We have been transformed into a nation of ants, searching for their food and

the origins of this language and its characteristics,

a burrow to hide in

we were surprised when we discovered that the

95 | 14824 |

gypsies themselves do not know the identity of the language and its origins

249

‫ ﹸﻣ ﹺﻬ ﹼﻢ‬adj. important, serious; ‫ ﺍ ﹸﳌ ﹺﻬ ﹼﻢ‬the main thing, what’s important

94 | 15052 |

4 Clothing 669

1213

‫ﺣﻮﺍﻳﺞ‬ ‫ﺣﻠﻘﺔ‬

1433

‫ﺛﻮﺏ‬

1709

‫ﻣﻠﺒﺲ‬ ‫ﳐ ﹼﻄﻂ‬

2068 2373 2705 3224 3371 3396 3637

‫ﺣﺠﺎﺏ‬ ￯‫ﺍﺭﺗﺪ‬ ‫ﺳﱰ‬ ‫ﺳﺘﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺯﻱ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺣﺬﺍﺀ‬

clothing

3840

(‫ﺣﺎﺟﺔ‬: need,

3921

thing)

3999

ring (also

4126

circle, class)

‫ﻏﺴﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻟﺒﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺗﺪﺍﺀ‬

4312

‫ﻟﺒﺲ‬

pl clothes

4353

patterned

4630

‫ﺯﺭ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻗﻤﻴﺺ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺗﻢ‬ ‫ﺣﺰﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻃﻮﻕ‬ ‫ﺣ ﹼﻠﺔ‬

robe; pl clothes

(also plan)

4763

hijab, veil

4812

to wear,

5090

put on

5189

to veil veil

6167

uniform,

6373

dress

6462

shoe

6592

‫ﻓﺴﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﻄﻠﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﳏﺠﺐ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻋﺼﺎﺑﺔ‬

dirty clothes

6602

clothes, dress

6604

veil wearing,

6684

putting on

6819

clothing,

6973

dress

7017

button

7248

shirt

7361

ring

7526

belt

7528

collar suit of

7582

clothes

7611

dress

7663

pants

7927

wearing hijab headband

‫ﺑﺪﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺣﻠﻖ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﹼﻮﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺍﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﺟﻴﻨﺰ‬ ‫ﻛﻢ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻗ ﹼﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻟ ﹼﺒﺲ‬ ‫ﺃﻛﺴﻰ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺣﺔ‬ ‫ﴍﺍﺏ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺳﱰﺓ‬ ‫ﲬﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﻠﻐﺔ‬ ‫ﰐ ﺷﲑﺕ‬

suit ring, earring skirt clothes jeans sleeve collar to dress to clothe headcloth, veil sock jacket veil slipper T-shirt (‫ﰐ‬: T.)

Frequency index

‫ ﻟﻜﻨﻲ ﻓﻌﻼ ﺃﺭﻳﺪﻙ ﻷﻣﺮ‬،‫ﺁﺳﻒ ﻷﻧﻰ ﺟﺌﺖ ﲠﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻄﺮﻳﻘﺔ‬ ‫ — ﻣﻬﻢ‬I’m sorry to have come this way, but

256

I really want you for an important matter 99 | 14105 |

250

competition

/mlaayin/

95 | 14555 |

257

soldiers were encircled behind the Maginot line

‫ ﹶﺑ ﹺﻘ ﹶﻲ‬v. I (a) to remain, stay (‫ ﻋﲆ‬in a state); to last, endure; to remain, be left over;

98 | 14317 |

251

‫ ﹶﻓ ﹺﺮﻳﻖ‬n. team, group, band; faction, party; pl. ‫ ﹸﻓ ﹶﺮﻗﺎﺀ‬lieutenant general ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻘﺎﺀ ﻫﻮ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺚ ﺑﲔ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻳﻘﲔ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺴﺎﺑﻘﺔ‬ ‫ — ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳌﻮﺳﻢ‬The meeting is the third between the two teams in this season’s

‫ ﹶﻣ ﹺ‬million; (Alg.) pl. ‫ﻣﻼﻳﻦ‬ ‫ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻠ ﹸﻴﻮﻥ‬num. pl. ‫ﻼﻳﲔ‬

‫ﺗﻢ ﺗﻄﻮﻳﻖ ﻗﺮﺍﺑﺔ ﻧﺼﻒ ﺍﳌﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺟﻨﺪ￯ ﻓﺮﻧﺴﻰ ﺧﻠﻒ‬ ‫ — ﺧﻂ ﻣﺎﺟﻴﻨﻮ‬About a half million French

31

to continue doing sth or being sth; (with neg.) to no longer do sth or be sth

‫ ﹶﺳ ﹼﻴ ﹶﺎﺭﺓ‬n. pl. -aat car, automobile, vehicle ‫ﻧﻌﻢ ﺟﺮﺕ ﺣﺎﺩﺛﺘﺎ ﺍﻋﺘﺪﺍﺀ ﻋﲆ ﻣﻨﺰﱄ ﻭﺗﻢ ﲢﻄﻴﻢ ﺯﺟﺎﺝ‬ ‫ — ﺳﻴﺎﺭﰐ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ ﳎﻬﻮﻟﲔ‬Yes, my house was

‫ — ﻟﻘﺪ ﺑﻘﻴﺖ ﻋﲆ ﺷﺎﻃﻰﺀ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺮ ﺷﻬﺮﻳﻦ‬I stayed on the ocean beach for two months 99 | 13980 |

broken into twice, and the window of my car was broken by unknown assailants 98 | 14274 |

252

258

commission

‫ﺷﻜﻠﻨﺎ ﳉﻨﺔ ﺗﺘﺤﺪﺙ ﺑﺎﺳﻢ ﺍﳊﻲ ﺃﻣﺎﻡ ﺍﳉﻬﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻤﻴﺔ‬

‫ ﺑﹺﻨﹾﺖ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺑﻨﺎﺕ‬daughter, girl; ‫( ﺑﹺ ﹼﺖ‬Egy., short form of ‫)ﺑﹺﻨﹾﺖ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻞ ﺍﻷﻡ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺍﳌﻨﺰﻝ ﻳﺴﺘﻠﺰﻡ ﻗﻴﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻨﺎﺕ ﺑﺎﻷﻋﲈﻝ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳌﻨﺰﻟﻴﺔ ﻋﻮﺿﺎ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ‬The mother’s working

— We have formed a committee to speak on behalf of the neighborhood before the authorities 86 | 16153 |

outside of the home required the daughters to do the housework instead of her 99 | 14110 |

253

259

‫ ﹸﺩ ﹾﻛﺘﹸﻮﺭ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺩﻛﺎﺗﹺ ﹶﺮﺓ‬doctor (physician or holder of a doctorate); (title) Dr

since all humans, in his belief, are the children of God

Dr Salah, because he asked her about her family

98 | 14095 |

96 | 14494 |

‫ ﻓﹺ ﹾﻌﻞ‬vn. doing; n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻓﻌﺎﻝ‬deed, act, action; ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ (ling.) verb; ‫ ﻓ ﹾﻌ ﹰﻼ‬and ‫ ﺑﹺﺎﻟﻔ ﹾﻌﻞ‬really, actually, in ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ ﺑﻔ ﹾﻌ ﹺ‬because of, owing to fact; ‫ﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﺘﺴﻤﺖ ﻓﺎﻧﻜﺸﻔﺖ ﺃﺳﻨﺎﳖﺎ ﺍﻟﻜﺒﲑﺓ ﺍﳌﻌﻮﺟﺔ ﺍﳌﺘﺴﺨﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺑﻔﻌﻞ ﺍﻟﻨﻴﻜﻮﺗﲔ‬She smiled, and revealed her

260

‫ﺐ‬ ‫ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺟ ﹶ‬v. I (i) to be necessary ‫ ﻋﲆ‬for sb ‫ﹶﺃ ﹾﻥ‬ ‫ﹶﺃ ﹾ‬ to do sth; to be incumbent ‫ ﻋﲆ‬upon sb ‫ﻥ‬ to do sth

‫— ﳚﺐ ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻨﺎﺀ ﺑﺎﺣﱰﺍﻡ ﻋﻮﺿﺎ ﻋﻦ ﺇﻫﺎﻧﺘﻬﻢ‬ The prisoners must be treated with respect

big, crooked teeth stained from the effects of

instead of abuse

nicotine

92 | 15042 |

98 | 14189 |

255

‫ ﹸﻣﺨﹾ ﺘﹶﻠﹺﻒ‬adj. different, divergent; various; in disagreement (‫ﻋﲆ‬/‫ ﰲ‬about sth) ‫ﻻ ﻳﺮ￯ ﺃ￯ ﻓﺮﻕ ﺑﲔ ﺍﻷﺟﻨﺎﺱ ﺍﳌﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ ﻓﺎﻟﺒﴩ‬ ‫ — ﻛﻠﻬﻢ ﰱ ﻋﻘﻴﺪﺗﻪ ﺃﺑﻨﺎﺀ ﺍﷲ‬He doesn’t see any difference between the various races,

‫ﺑﺪﺍ ﻭﺍﺿﺤﺎ ﺃﳖﺎ ﺻﺪﻳﻘﺔ ﻟﻠﺪﻛﺘﻮﺭ ﺻﻼﺡ ﻷﻧﻪ ﺳﺄﳍﺎ ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ — ﺃﴎﲥﺎ‬It seemed clear that she was a friend of

254

‫ ﹶﻟ ﹾﺠﻨﹶﺔ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹺﳉﺎﻥ‬committee, council,

‫ ﹸﺣ ﹾﻠﻮ‬adj. sweet, nice, pleasant; (Dia.) /Hilu/,

261

‫ ﹶﻧ ﹶﻈﺮ‬vn. looking ‫ ﺇﱃ‬at; examining, looking ‫ﰲ‬

into; n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃﻧﹾﻈﺎﺭ‬view, look, glance; opinion;

fem. /Hilwa/, pl. /Hilwiin/

‫ — ﺷﻜﻠﻪ ﺣﻠﻮ ﻭﻛﻼﻣﻪ ﺣﻠﻮ ﻭﺭﻭﺣﻪ ﺣﻠﻮﺓ‬His figure

‫ ﹶﻧ ﹶﻈﺮ ﹰﺍ ﻟﹺـ‬in view of the fact that ‫ ﳑﺎ ﺿﺎﻋﻒ ﺟﺰﻋﻪ‬،‫ ﲢﺎﺷﺖ ﺍﻟﻨﻈﺮ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ‬،‫— ﻇﻠﺖ ﺻﺎﻣﺘﺔ‬

is attractive, his words are pleasant and his soul

She remained silent, and avoided looking at

is sweet

him, which doubled his sense of alarm

89 | 15620 |

99 | 13973 |

32

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

262

‫ ﹶﳎﺎﻝ‬n. pl. -aat area, space; field, domain, sphere; sector; arena; ‫ﻱ‬ ‫ﹶﳎﺎﻝ ﹶﺟ ﱢﻮ ﹼ‬

268

air space

‫— ﻧﺤﻦ ﰲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳌﺠﺎﻝ ﺧﱪﺍﺗﻨﺎ ﺃﻓﻀﻞ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﺑﻜﺜﲑ‬

presence in the house with me...I want to see

Our experience in this field is better than

him just as I used to see him

theirs by a lot

97 | 13951 |

98 | 14094 |

269 263

‫ﱰﺓ‬ ‫ ﹶﻓ ﹾ ﹶ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﻓ ﹶﱰﺍﺕ‬time period, phase,

interval

‫ ﺣﻼ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﲤﺸﻴﺎ ﻣﻊ ﻣﻨﻄﻖ‬،‫ﳚﺐ ﺃﻥ ﻧﺠﺪ ﺣﻼ ﺁﺧﺮ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻷﺷﻴﺎﺀ‬We need to find another solution, a

— We remained silent for a while. Clouds of

solution that is more in line with the logic of

depression overshadowed us

the things

98 | 13943 |

99 | 13635 |

‫ﺐ‬ ‫ ﹶﺷ ﹼ‬n./adj. young man, ‫ ﹶﺷ ﱠﺒﺔ‬young woman, pl. ‫ ﹶﺷﺒﺎﺏ‬youths ‫ﻳﻮﺍﺟﻪ ﺷﺒﺎﺑﻨﺎ ﲨﻠﺔ ﻗﻀﺎﻳﺎ ﰲ ﺣﻴﺎﲥﻢ ﲢﺪ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻨﺴﻮﺏ‬ ‫ — ﻃﻤﻮﺣﺎﲥﻢ‬Our young people are facing

270

seeking, requesting

‫ ﻟﻌﺪﻡ‬،‫ﺗﺮﻙ ﺍﳌﺪﺭﺳﺔ ﻣﻊ ﻃﻼﺏ ﺻﻔﻪ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺱ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺚ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻣﺪﺭﺱ‬He left school with his

their ambitions

classmates after the third period because there

99 | 13854 |

was no teacher present 98 | 13692 |

‫ ﹶﺷ ﹾﺄﻥ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﺷﺆﹸ ﻭﻥ‬matter, affair, case; situation, condition

‫ — ﻻ ﺗﺘﺪﺧﻞ ﰲ ﺷﺆﻭﻥ ﻏﲑﻙ‬Don’t interfere in the

271

affairs of others 94 | 14518 |

266

‫ ﹶﺫﻛ ﹶﹶﺮ‬v. I (u) to mention sth/sb; to remember ‫ ﹼ‬that) sth/sb; ‫ ﹸﻳ ﹾﺬﻛﹶﺮ‬it’s worth mentioning (‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻻ ﺑﺪ ﻛﲈ ﺫﻛﺮﺕ ﺃﻥ ﻧﺒﺪﺃ ﺍﳊﻮﺍﺭ ﻟﻦ ﻧﺤﻞ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳌﺸﻜﻠﺔ‬ ￯‫ — ﺇﻻ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻣﺎ ﺟﻠﺴﻨﺎ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻝ ﺍﻟﻜﱪ‬As I

‫ ﻃﺎﻟﹺﺐ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﻃ ﹼﻼﺏ‬, ß‫ ﹶﻃ ﹶﻠ ﹶﺒﺔ‬student, ‫ ﻃﺎﻟﹺﺒﺎﺕ‬female students; ‫ﺍﻟﻄﻠﺒﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻄﺎﻟﺒﺎﺕ‬/‫ ﺍﻟﻄﻼﺏ‬male and female students; pl. -uun applicant; (person)

issues in their lives which limit the level of

265

‫ ﹶﺣ ﹼﻞ‬vn. solving (a problem); n. pl. ‫ﹸﺣ ﹸﻠﻮﻝ‬ solution; dissolution, annulment; cancellation

‫ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺳﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻜﺂﺑﺔ ﺗﻈﻠﻠﻨﺎ‬..‫ﻇﻠﻠﻨﺎ ﺻﺎﻣﺘﲔ ﻟﻔﱰﺓ‬

264

‫ ﹸﻭ ﹸﺟﻮﺩ‬n. existence; presence, being present ‫ ﺃﺭﻳﺪ ﺃﻥ ﺃﺭﺍﻩ ﻛﲈ‬..‫ﺃﺷﺘﺎﻕ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﻭﺇﱃ ﻭﺟﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻣﻲ ﻣﻌﻲ‬ ‫ — ﻛﻨﺖ ﺃﺭﺍﻩ‬I miss him and I miss his daily

￯‫ﹶﻮ‬ ‫ ﹸﻣ ﹾﺴﺘ ﹰ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﻣ ﹾﺴﺘ ﹶﹶﻮﻳﺎﺕ‬level, standard ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮ ﺳﻌﺮ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻂ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﳌﻲ ﺑﺎﻻﺭﺗﻔﺎﻉ ﻧﺤﻮ ﻣﺴﺘﻮﻳﺎﺕ‬ ‫ ﺩﻭﻻﺭﺍ ﻟﻠﱪﻣﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﺣﺪ‬٦٦ ‫— ﺟﺪﻳﺪﺓ ﻟﻴﺼﻞ ﺍﱃ ﺳﻌﺮ‬ The price of oil continued rising toward new levels to the price of 66 dollars for a single barrel 98 | 13696 |

272

‫ ﹶﻭ‬part. (oath) ‫ ﹶﻭﺍﷲﹺ‬by God! (I swear!); ‫ﻭﺣﻴﺎﺗﻚ‬ I swear (by your life)

‫ — ﻭﺣﻴﺎﺗﻚ ﻋﻴﺸﺘﻨﺎ ﺗﻘﺮﻑ ﺍﻟﴫﺍﺻﲑ‬I swear, our

mentioned, we need to begin the dialog; we will never solve this problem unless we sit down

living conditions would disgust the cockroaches

with the big powers

82 | 16314 | +for +spo

98 | 13960 |

267

‫ ﹸﺳﺆﺍﻝ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺳ ﹺﺌ ﹶﻠﺔ‬question, inquiry ‫ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻷﺳﺌﻠﺔ ﻟﻴﺴﺖ ﺍﺑﺪﺍ ﰲ ﻣﺴﺘﻮ￯ ﺍﻟﻄﺎﻟﺐ ﺍﳌﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻫﺒﻞ ﻭﺇﻧﲈ ﻫﻲ ﺃﺳﺌﻠﺔ ﻳﻌﺠﺰ ﺍﳌﺪﺭﺳﻮﻥ ﺃﻧﻔﺴﻬﻢ ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻹﺟﺎﺑﺔ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬These questions are never at the level of the average student or the stupid one, but rather they are questions

273

‫ ﹶﺃﻡ‬conj. or (in questions) ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻡ ﻻ؟‬.. ..or not? ‫ — ﻫﻞ ﻳﻌﻴﺸﺎﻥ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﻟﺰﻭﺍﺝ ﰱ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻫﺮﺓ ﺃﻡ ﻃﻨﻄﺎ؟‬Will they live in Cairo or Tanta after the marriage? 97 | 13775 |

274

‫ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻘﻂ‬part. only, just, solely; (with neg.)

‫ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻘ ﹾ‬..‫ ﹶﻟ ﹾﻴ ﹶﺲ‬not just...but (also)... ..‫ﻂ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻞ‬

which the teachers themselves are unable to

‫ — ﺻﺎﺭ ﱄ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺒﺎ ﺛﻼﺙ ﺷﻬﻮﺭ ﻣﺘﺰﻭﺝ ﻓﻘﻂ‬I’ve been

answer

married only three months, approximately

99 | 13720 |

89 | 14945 |

Frequency index

275

276

‫ ﻣﺎﺫﺍ‬interrog. what ‫ﻣﺎﺫﺍ ﺳﻴﻘﻮﻝ ﳍﺎ ﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﻳﻄﺮﻕ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺏ ﻭﻳﻮﻗﻈﻬﺎ ﰱ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺻﺒﺎﺣﺎ؟‬What will he say to her when he knocks on the door and wakes her at two in the

‫ ﺷﺎﻑ‬v. I (u) (Dia.) to see, look at sth/sb; a.p. ‫ ﺷﺎﻳﻒ‬/shaayif/, fem. ‫ ﺷﺎﻳﻔﺔ‬/shayfa/, pl. ‫ ﺷﺎﻳﻔﲔ‬/shayfiin/ ‫— ﺍﻟﻠﻴﻠﺔ ﺩﻱ ﺃﻭﻝ ﻣﺮﺓ ﺃﺷﻮﻑ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺍﳌﴪﺡ ﺍﻻﻧﺠﻠﻴﺰﻱ‬

morning?

Tonight is the first time I see English theater

93 | 14181 |

79 | 16493 | +spo

‫ ﹺﻭﻻ ﹶﻳﺔ‬n. mandate, term of office; pl. -aat state, ‫ﺍﻟﻮﻻﻳﺎﺕ ﺍ ﹸﳌﺘ ﹺ‬ ‫ ﹺ‬the United States ‫ﱠﺤﺪﹶ ﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺜﲑ ﻣﻦ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﴩﻛﺎﺕ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩﺓ ﰲ ﻭﻻﻳﺔ ﻛﺎﻟﻴﻔﻮﺭﻧﻴﺎ‬ ‫ — ﻭﳍﺎ ﻣﺼﺎﻟﺢ ﻛﺜﲑﺓ ﰲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻮﻻﻳﺔ‬Many of these

province;

282

283

companies are present in the state of California, and they have many interests in this state

settlement this year before burdening the next generations

‫ ﹶﻗﺪﹾ‬part. (with imperf.) may, might; ‫ ﹶﻗﺪﹾ ﻻ‬may

99 | 13082 |

not, might not

‫ — ﻳﻘﺎﻭﻡ ﺃﻱ ﺇﺣﺴﺎﺱ ﻗﺪ ﻳﻌﻄﻠﻪ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬He resists any feeling that would interrupt his work

284

90 | 14795 |

278

‫ ﹸﻋ ﹾﻀﻮ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃﻋﹾﻀﺎﺀ‬member, associate; (anat.)

governments made a mistake in the principle

‫ ﻛﻞ ﻋﻀﻮ ﰲ ﺟﺴﺪﻱ ﺍﳌﺘﻌﺐ‬،‫ ﺭﺟﻼﻱ‬،‫ﲣﻮﻧﻨﻲ ﻳﺪﺍﻱ‬ ‫ — ﻳﺘﺂﻣﺮ ﺿﺪﻱ‬My hands betray me, my legs, every

of appointments in the towns 94 | 13759 |

member in my tired body conspires against me

279

‫ ﺳﺎﺑﹺﻖ‬adj. pl. -uun former, previous, preceding; ‫ ﺳﺎﺑﻘ ﹰﺎ‬formerly, previously ‫ﻧﻔﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺣﺪﻳﺜﻚ ﺃﻥ ﺍﳊﻜﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻘﺔ ﺃﺧﻄﺄﺕ ﰲ‬ ‫ — ﻣﺒﺪﺃ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻴﲔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺒﻠﺪﻳﺎﺕ‬We understand from what you are saying that the previous

organ, member, limb

89 | 14748 |

‫ ﺩﺍﺋﹺﻢ‬adj. lasting, enduring; permanent, ‫ﹺ‬ constant; ‫ ﺩﺍﺋ ﹰﲈ‬always ‫ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﻓﺮﺻﺔ ﺗﺎﺭﳜﻴﺔ ﻟﺘﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﺗﺴﻮﻳﺔ ﻋﺎﺩﻟﺔ ﺷﺎﻣﻠﺔ ﺩﺍﺋﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﰲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺃﻥ ﺗﺜﻘﻞ ﺍﳌﻌﺎﻧﺎﺓ ﻛﺎﻫﻞ ﺃﺟﻴﺎﻝ‬ ￯‫ — ﺃﺧﺮ‬There is a historic opportunity to accomplish a lasting, just, comprehensive

94 | 14150 |

277

33

285

‫ ﹶﺣﺘﱠﻰ‬conj. (with foll. subjunctive) in order to, so that

‫ ﹶﺧ ﹶﺒﺮ‬n. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺧﺒﺎﺭ‬news, report; (gram.) predicate; ‫ ﹶﺍﻷ ﹾﺧﺒﺎﺭ‬the news; (Egy.) ‫ﺒﺎﺭﻙ ﺇﻳﻪ؟‬ ‫( ﹶﺃ ﹾﺧ ﹶ‬Irq.) ‫ﹾ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﺭﻙ؟‬ ‫ﺎﺧ‬ ‫ﺷ‬ What’s new with you? How are ‫ﹶ‬ you?

‫— ﺑﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﺘﲈﺭﻳﻦ ﻣﻌﻴﻨﺔ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺃﺧﻔﻒ ﻋﻨﺪﻱ ﻣﺜﻼ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﺵ‬

‫ﻫﻞ ﺗﻌﻠﻢ ﺷﻴﺌﺎ ﻋﻦ ﺃﺧﺒﺎﺭ ﺃﲪﺪ؟ ﻫﻞ ﻫﻮ ﰲ ﺻﺤﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺟﻴﺪﺓ؟‬Do you have any news of Ahmad?

I’m doing specific exercises so that I can lose weight, around my waist for example

Is he in good health?

96 | 13792 |

99 | 13016 |

280

‫ ﹶﻋـ‬and ‫( ﹶﻉ‬Dia.) prep. (short form of ‫ )ﻋ ﹶﹶﲆ‬on; ‫( ﻋ ﹺﹶﻔﻜ ﹶﹾﺮﺓ‬Lev.) by the way; ‫( ﹶﻋﻜﹸﻞ ﺣﺎﻝ‬Lev.) in any

286

case

‫ — ﺍﻧﺘﻲ ﻫﻠﻖ ﺭﺍﳛﺔ ﻋﺎﻟﺒﻴﺖ؟‬You are going home

281

‫ ﹺ‬n. date; history ‫ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ‬ ‫ — ﺫﻟﻚ ﱂ ﳛﺪﺙ ﻗﻂ ﻋﲆ ﻃﻮﻝ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﻳﺔ‬That had not ever happened in the whole history of

now?

the village

99 | 13211 |

99 | 13012 |

‫ ﹸﻋ ﹾﻤﺮ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃﻋﹾﲈﺭ‬age (of a person); life, lifetime; (Dia.) ‫ﹸﻤ ﹺﺮﻱ‬ ‫ ﻳﺎ ﻋ ﹾ‬my dear, my darling ‫ﻟﻮ ﻛﻨﺖ ﻧﻤﺖ ﻃﻮﻝ ﻋﻤﺮﻙ ﻋﲆ ﴎﻳﺮ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺍﻧﺖ‬ ‫ ﻛﻨﺖ ﻓﻬﻤﺘﻨﻲ‬..‫ — ﻭﺇﺧﻮﺍﺗﻚ ﺍﳋﻤﺴﺔ‬If you had slept your whole life on a single bed, you and your

287

‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺳﺔ‬ ‫ ﺩ ﹶ‬n. pl. -aat study, research, examination ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺒﻮﻝ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺘﺨﺼﺼﺎﺕ ﻗﺪ ﻻ ﻳﺮﴈ ﻛﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺗﻘﺪﻡ‬ ‫ — ﺑﻄﻠﺐ ﻟﻠﺪﺭﺍﺳﺔ ﰲ ﺍﳉﺎﻣﻌﺎﺕ‬The assignment into the specialties might not please everyone who submitted an application to study at the

five brothers, you would have understood me

universities

99 | 13094 |

99 | 13037 |

34

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

288

289

‫ ﻣ ﹺ‬position ‫ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻮ ﹺﻗﻒ‬n. pl. ‫ﻮﺍﻗﻒ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ ﻟﻜﻨﻪ ﻛﺎﻥ ﰱ ﻭﺍﺩ ﺁﺧﺮ‬،‫ﻛﻢ ﺣﺎﻭﻟﺖ ﺃﻥ ﲡﺘﺬﺑﻪ ﺇﱃ ﻣﻮﻗﻔﻬﺎ‬ — She tried so hard to get him to see things

‫ ﹸﺳﻮﻕ‬fem.n. (rarely masc.) pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺳﻮﺍﻕ‬market ‫ﺗﻐﺰﻭ ﺍﳌﻨﺘﺠﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﻴﻨﻴﺔ ﻛﻞ ﺃﺳﻮﺍﻕ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻝ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺇﻓﺮﻳﻘﻴﺎ‬Chinese products are invading all the

her way, but he was in another world

markets of the Arab World and Africa

99 | 12978 |

99 | 12718 |

‫ ﹺﺣﺰﹾﺏ‬n. pl. ‫( ﹶﺃ ﹾﺣﺰﺍﺏ‬political) party ‫ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺃﺣﺰﺍﺏ ﺃﺧﺮ￯ ﻣﺪﻧﻴﺔ ﺑﲔ ﺍﻹﺧﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﻭﺑﲔ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳊﺰﺏ ﺍﳊﺎﻛﻢ‬There are other civilian

295

296

(political) parties among the Muslim Brothers

for your safety! (said to sb returning from

and the ruling party

a trip)

‫ — ﺍﳌﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺍﻧﺘﻬﻰ ﻋﲆ ﺧﲑ ﻭﺍﳊﻤﺪ ﷲ‬The matter

93 | 13699 |

290

was concluded well, praise God

‫ ﹸﻣ ﹶﺆ ﱠﺳ ﹶﺴﺔ‬n. pl. -aat institution, organization;

94 | 13315 | +for +spo

foundation

‫ﻧﺠﺪ ﻣﺆﺳﺴﺎﺕ ﻓﺮﺩﻳﺔ ﺑﺎﺳﲈﺀ ﲡﺎﺭﻳﺔ ﻟﻜﻨﻬﺎ ﻗﺎﺩﺭﺓ ﺩﻭﻣﺎ‬ ‫ — ﻋﲆ ﲡﻨﺐ ﺍﻟﴬﻳﺒﺔ‬We find individual

291

292

297

After that she turned to the left and entered

always able to avoid taxes

another passageway

96 | 13224 |

99 | 12590 |

‫ﺿﺎﻑ‬ ‫ ﹶﺃ‬v. IV to add sth ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ »ﺍﺧﺘﺎﺭﻱ ﻟﻨﺎ ﻃﺎﻭﻟﺔ‬:‫ﻗﺎﻝ »ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺮﻳﻨﻲ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ« ﺛﻢ ﺃﺿﺎﻑ‬ «￯‫ — ﺃﺧﺮ‬He said: “Wait for me here” and then

298

‫ ﺑﺎﺏ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺑﻮﺍﺏ‬door, gate; category, rubric; section, chapter

‫ — ﺩﺧﻠﺖ ﻭﺗﺮﻛﺖ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺏ ﻣﻔﺘﻮﺣﺎ‬She entered and

added: “Choose another table for us”

left the door open

89 | 14215 |

99 | 12585 |

‫ ﹺﻗﻄﺎﻉ‬n. pl. -aat sector, section; ‫ ﹺﻗﻄﺎﻉ ﹶﻏﺰﱠ ﺓ‬Gaza

299

‫ﻧﺴﻌﻰ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﺄﻛﻴﺪ ﺇﱃ ﺑﻨﺎﺀ ﴍﺍﻛﺔ ﺑﲔ ﺍﻟﻘﻄﺎﻉ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻄﺎﻉ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳋﺎﺹ‬We are trying to make certain the

wounding of many 90 | 13967 |

and private sectors 90 | 14028 |

‫ ) ﹺﻣﻦ ﻣﺎ( ﹺﳑ ﹼﺎ‬rel.pron. which; a fact that ‫— ﺃﻃﻠﻘﻮﺍ ﺍﻟﺮﺻﺎﺹ ﺑﻐﺰﺍﺭﺓ ﳑﺎ ﺃﺩ￯ ﺇﱃ ﺇﺻﺎﺑﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﺜﲑﻳﻦ‬ They shot a lot of bullets, which led to the

building of a partnership between the public 300

‫ ﹶﻣ ﹾﺠ ﹸﻤﻮ ﹶﻋﺔ‬n. pl. -aat collection, group; squad;

bloc

294

‫ ﹶﺩ ﹶﺧ ﹶﻞ‬v. I (u) to enter sth ‫— ﺑﻌﺪ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺍﻧﺤﺮﻓﺖ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻴﺴﺎﺭ ﻭﺩﺧﻠﺖ ﺇﱃ ﳑﺮ ﺃﺧﺮ‬

associations with trade names but they are

Strip

293

‫ﹶ‬ ‫ ﹶﺣ ﹾﻤﺪ‬n. praise; commendation; ‫ﺍﳊ ﹾﻤﺪﹸ ﷲ‬ ‫ﲪﺪﺍﷲ‬ ‫ ﻋﺎﻟﺴﻼﻣﺔ‬/Hamdilla 9-s-salaama/ praise God praise God, thanks be to God; (Dia.)

‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺟﻞ‬n. sake; ‫ ﹺﻣﻦ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺟ ﹺﻞ‬and ‫ ﹺﻷﹶ ﹾﺟ ﹺﻞ‬because of, for ‫ ﹶ ﹺ‬in order to ‫ﻷ ﹾﺟ ﹺﻞ ﹶﺃ ﹾ‬ the sake of; ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﻌﺘﺰ ﺑﺎﳉﻬﻮﺩ ﺍﳌﺒﺎﺭﻛﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺒﺬﻟﻮﳖﺎ ﺟﻼﻟﺘﻜﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺟﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺐ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺍﻗﻲ ﺍﻟﺸﻘﻴﻖ ﻛﻲ ﺗﺰﻭﻝ ﻋﻨﻪ ﺍﻟﻐﻤﺔ ﻭﳚﺘﺎﺯ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳌﺤﻨﺔ‬We are proud of the praiseworthy

‫ﺍﺭﺗﺪ￯ ﻧﻈﺎﺭﺗﻪ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻹﻃﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺬﻫﺒﻰ ﻭﺃﺧﺮﺝ ﳎﻤﻮﻋﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺃﻭﺭﺍﻕ‬He put on his glasses with the golden

efforts which Your Majesty has been making on

frames and took out a stack of paper

behalf of our Iraqi brothers, in order to rid

98 | 12856 |

them of their distress and overcome hardship

‫ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ‬v. II to turn over, surrender sth ‫ ﺇﱃ‬to sb; to greet, salute sb; ‫ ﹶﺳ ﱢﻠﻢ ﱄ ﻋﲆ‬give my regards to; ‫ ﻳﺴﻠﻤﻪ‬and ‫ ﻳﺴﻠﻤﻮﻭ‬/yislamuh/ (mostly Gul.) interj. thanks!

‫ — ﻛﻌﺎﺩﺗﻪ ﰱ ﺍﻷﺯﻣﺎﺕ ﺳﻠﻢ ﺃﻣﺮﻩ ﷲ‬As usual in

96 | 13027 |

301

‫ ﺍﹺ ﱢﲢﺎﺩ‬vn. unification, unifying; n. pl. -aat union ‫ ﺃﻧﺎ ﺭﺋﻴﺲ ﺍﲢﺎﺩ ﺍﻟﺪﺍﺭﺳﲔ ﺍﳌﴫﻳﲔ‬..‫ﻟﺴﺖ ﻃﺎﻟﺒﺎ ﻋﺎﺩﻳﺎ‬ ‫ — ﰲ ﺃﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﻛﻠﻬﺎ‬I am not a regular student. I am the president of the Egyptian Student

crises, he turned his affairs over to God

Union for all of America

99 | 12735 | +for +spo

93 | 13364 |

Frequency index

302

‫ ﺗ ﹾﹶﺤ ﹺﻘﻴﻖ‬vn. and n. pl. -aat achievement,

308

realization; investigation; interrogation

(‫ ﻣﻊ‬of sb) ‫ﻧﻌﻠﻦ ﻋﻦ ﺍﺭﺗﻴﺎﺣﻨﺎ ﻟﻠﺠﻬﻮﺩ ﺍﳌﻘﺪﺭﺓ ﻟﻼﻣﲔ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﳉﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻝ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﻟﺘﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﺍﻟﻮﻓﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﻮﻃﻨﻲ ﰲ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺍﻕ‬We announce our satisfaction with

world epidemic happened among humans 96 | 12522 |

309

harmony in Iraq 88 | 13875 |

303

friends Khalid Ibn Al-Walid and Uthman Ibn Talha

Every private secondary school has its own

89 | 13495 |

special tie

304

310

‫ﺇﻥ ﻋﺪﺩ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺍﻗﻴﲔ ﺍﳌﺘﻮﺍﺟﺪﻳﻦ ﰲ ﺍﻷﺭﺩﻥ ﺑﻠﻎ ﺣﺎﻟﻴﺎ‬ ‫ — ﺳﺒﻌﲈﺋﺔ ﺃﻟﻒ ﻋﺮﺍﻗﻲ ﻭﰲ ﺳﻮﺭﻳﺎ ﺳﺘﲈﺋﺔ ﺃﻟﻒ‬The

arts

‫ﻫﻞ ﺿﺎﻉ ﺑﻌﺾ ﻣﻦ ﻗﻴﻤﻨﺎ ﺍﳉﻤﻴﻠﺔ؟ ﺃﻡ ﺿﺎﻋﺖ ﻛﻠﻬﺎ ﺃﻡ‬ ‫ — ﺃﻛﺜﺮﻫﺎ ﺗﺄﺛﲑﺍ؟‬Have some of our beautiful

number of Iraqis present in Jordan currently reaches 700,000 Iraqis, and in Syria 600,000

values gotten lost? Or have they all gotten lost,

96 | 12597 |

or the most influential of them?

305

306

311

‫ ﻧ ﹾﹶﻮﻉ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃﻧﹾﻮﺍﻉ‬type, kind, form; ‫ﻧ ﹾﹶﻮﻋ ﹰﺎ ﻣﺎ‬

‫ ﹸﺣﻜﹾﻢ‬n. rule, government; pl. ‫ﺃﺣﻜﺎﻡ‬ ‫ ﹾ‬judgment, decision, verdict; ‫ﺃﺣﻜﺎﻡ‬ ‫ ﹾ‬statutes, laws; ‫ﺑﹺ ﹸﺤﻜﹾﻢ‬ by virtue of, because of

somewhat, more or less

‫— ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﻡ ﺍﻷﳌﺎﻥ ﻧﻮﻋﺎ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻘﻨﺎﺑﻞ ﻓﻮﻕ ﻟﻨﺪﻥ‬

‫ﺭﺟﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﰱ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺍﻕ ﺃﺛﻨﺎﺀ ﺣﻜﻢ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺎﺳﻴﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺃﺑﺎﺣﻮﺍ ﴍﺏ ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻴﺬ‬Religious leaders in Iraq

The Germans used a new kind of bomb over

during the rule of the Abbassid state permitted

London

the drinking of wine

98 | 12318 |

98 | 12301 |

‫ ﹶﻃ ﹶﻠ ﹶﻊ‬v. I (u) to appear, emerge, rise; to go out, ‫ﹺ‬ come out, get out; (Dia.) ‫( ﻃ ﹶﻠﻊ‬a) to appear,

312

seem; to turn out, end up, amount to

‫ﺷﺎﺭ‬ ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹶ‬v. IV to indicate, mention, cite, refer to ‫ ﺇﱃ‬sth ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻘﺎﺭﻧﺔ ﻧﺸﲑ ﺇﱃ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﺩﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺍﻗﻴﺔ ﻣﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻻﺣﺘﻔﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺒﻴﺔ‬For the sake of

‫ﺻﺎﺭ ﻳﻘﴤ ﺍﻟﻠﻴﻞ ﰱ ﺍﻻﺗﺼﺎﻝ ﺣﺘﻰ ﻳﻄﻠﻊ ﺍﻟﺼﺒﺢ ﻓﻴﺄﺣﺬ‬ ‫ﲪﺎﻣﺎ ﻭﳛﺘﺴﻰ ﻋﺪﺓ ﺃﻗﺪﺍﺡ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻘﻬﻮﺓ ﻭﻳﺘﻮﺟﻪ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬

comparison, we point out that the Iraqi Kurdish

— He began to spend the night calling until

leadership forbade popular celebrations

dawn, then he would take a shower, sip several

90 | 13362 |

cups of coffee, and head for work 96 | 12562 | +spo

307

‫ ﺣﺎﻟﹺ ﹼﻲ‬adj. present, current; ‫ ﺣﺎﻟﹺ ﹼﻴ ﹰﺎ‬presently,

currently

‫ ﺍﻟ ﹸﻔﻨﹸﻮﻥ ﹶ‬fine ‫ ﹶﺟ ﹺﻤﻴﻞ‬adj. beautiful, nice; ‫ﺍﳉ ﹺﻤﻴ ﹶﻠﺔ‬

99 | 12198 |

‫ ﻓﹺﻴﲈ‬conj. while, meanwhile; ‫ ﻓﹺﻴﲈ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻌﺪﹸ‬later ‫ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻰ‬،‫ﻭﻓﻴﲈ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻋﻤﺮﻭ ﰲ ﻃﺮﻳﻘﻪ ﺇﱃ ﺍﳌﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﺍﳌﻨﻮﺭﺓ‬ ‫ — ﺑﺼﺪﻳﻘﻴﻪ ﺧﺎﻟﺪ ﺑﻦ ﺍﻟﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭﻋﺜﲈﻥ ﺑﻦ ﻃﻠﺤﺔ‬While Amr was on his way to Medina, he met his two

‫ ﹶﻣ ﹺ‬school ‫ ﹶﻣﺪﹾ ﹶﺭ ﹶﺳﺔ‬n. pl. ‫ﺪﺍﺭﺱ‬ ‫— ﻛﻞ ﻣﺪﺭﺳﺔ ﺛﺎﻧﻮﻳﺔ ﺧﺎﺻﺔ ﳍﺎ ﻛﺮﺍﻓﺘﺔ ﺧﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﻪ‬

99 | 12353 |

‫ ﻋﺎ ﹶﳌ ﹺ ﹼﻲ‬adj. international, global, worldwide, world ‫ ﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﺣﺪﺙ ﺍﻟﻮﺑﺎﺀ‬١٩١٨ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳋﻄﺮ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﻣﻦ ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻌﺎﳌﻲ ﻷﻭﻝ ﻣﺮﺓ ﺑﲔ ﺍﻟﺒﴩ‬This danger has been present since the year 1918 when the first

the esteemed efforts of the Secretary General of the Arab League to accomplish national

35

‫ ﹺﺧﺪﹾ ﹶﻣﺔ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺧﺪﹶ ﻣﺎﺕ‬service, assistance; ‫ﹶﺧﺪﹶ ﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ services, assistance, aid; ‫( ﺧﺪﹾ ﹶﻣﺔ‬Magh.) work,

employment; job, task

‫ﰱ ﺍﻷﻳﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺩﻣﺔ ﺳﻴﺼﻞ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﻣﻦ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺇﱃ ﳖﺎﻳﺔ ﺍﳋﺪﻣﺔ‬

313

‫ ﹺﺟ ﹶﻬﺔ‬n. pl. -aat side; direction; part, party; ‫ ﹺ‬entities, sector, office, institution; ‫ﺟﻬﺎﺕ‬ parties, individuals, “players”

.‫ﻭﻣﻦ ﺟﻬﺘﻪ ﺣﺎﻭﻝ ﺍﻟﺼﻮﺭﺍﲏ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻄﻠﻊ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ ﺩ‬

‫ﺧﺎﻟﺪ ﻃﻮﻗﺎﻥ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻷﻭﺿﺎﻉ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺌﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﺪﺍﺭﺱ ﺍﳋﺎﺻﺔ‬ — For his part, Surani tried to inform the

— In the coming days more than one worker

Minister of Education, Dr Khalid Tuqan about

will reach the end of his service

the terrible conditions in private schools

98 | 12380 |

99 | 12124 |

36

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

5 Transportation 115 223 251 298 467 487 504 510 528 536 541 543 638 819 872 879 936 941 973 1009 1027 1030

1069 1175

‫ﻃﺮﻳﻖ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻛﺰ‬ ‫ﺳ ﹼﻴﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﺭﻉ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﻒ‬ ‫ﻋﻮﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻣﺮ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﻞ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺳﺒﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻭﺻﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺧﺮﻭﺝ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺣﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﻮ ﹼﻗﻒ‬ ‫ﳏ ﹼﻄﺔ‬ ‫ﻃﺎﺋﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﺭﺣﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺳﻔﺮ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻊ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻄﻠﻖ‬

road car

1289 1349 1373 1456 1463 1489 1515 1590 1594 1661 1672

‫ﻣﺸﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻇﻬﺮ‬ ‫ﺟﴪ‬ ‫ﻃﲑﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺭﻭﺥ‬ ‫ﺁﻟ ﹼﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺫﻫﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻓﺮ‬

1706

door

‫ﺍﻧﻄﻼﻕ‬ ‫ﻏﺎﺩﺭ‬

street

1760

to stop

1781

return (trip)

1891

to pass by

1959

traffic

2015

transportation

2082

‫ﻫﺠﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﺳﻔﻴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺋﻖ‬ ‫ﺭﺣﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺎﻓﺮ‬

2203

‫ﺭﺣﻞ‬

driving, piloting way, road arrival

2379

to go, walk

2395

departure, exit

2408

field, arena

2435

to stop, halt

2447

‫ﺣﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻃﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﹼﺑﻮﺍﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻛﺐ‬

2509

‫ﻋﺮﺑ ﹼﻴﺔ‬

station aircraft trip traveling; trip

2516

to cover (a distance)

2543

(also to cut)

2571

box; trunk

2637

‫ﺻﻌﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻨﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻭ ﹼﻗﻒ‬

(car) 2647

to walk, go

2736

to lead; drive,

2815

pilot airport

start,

3333

departure

3344

to leave,

3417

depart

3482

emigration

3483

ship path, route

3640

driver

3651

departure

3652

traveler,

3663

passenger to depart,

2862

back; deck

‫ﻋﺎﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻐﺎﺩﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺩﺍﻉ‬ ￯‫ﳎﺮ‬

3675

to fly

3694

train

3846

door, gate

3873

rider,

3889

passenger

3991

car (also

‫ﻣﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﺣﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺣ ﹼﻠﻖ‬ ‫ﺇﴎﺍﻉ‬ ‫ﺷﻖ‬ ‫ﹼ‬

subway deck truck to fly, hover speeding up to make one’s way

port, harbor

4421 4708

‫ﻣﻔﱰﻕ‬

passing by

5013

arrival

departure

5085

‫ﳎﻲﺀ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﳏﻂ‬ ‫ﲣ ﹼﻄﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﲑ‬

crossing

to park stop)

farewell; departure

5128

course,

5157

path

5399 5417 5437

3132

walk, stroll

5516

path, road

3146

‫ﻣﺸﻮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﱪ‬

board

vehicle

crossing

5866

to travel

tunnel;

4371

way out

plaza

(‫ﺳﻴﺎﺭﺓ‬: car)

to pass by

to get in,

point

‫ﺷﺤﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺳﺪﹼ ﺓ‬ ‫ﺗﴪﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﺟﻴﺐ‬ ‫ﻣﻼﺣﺔ‬ ‫ﺧﻄﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﺰﹼ ﻝ‬

3159

‫ﻫﺒﻂ‬

to drop;

5887

to land

5989

3222

‫ﻫﺒﻮﻁ‬

‫ﻣﺮﻕ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﺭﻕ‬

descent, 6113

‫ﺑﺎﺹ‬

city square,

to lead, guide ambulance

4090

‫ﺭﻛﺐ‬

departure

to obstruct

4048

3076

going;

exit, way out

take-off

5384

machine;

shipment

ascent;

exit,

airline

crossing cargo;

‫ﺍﺧﱰﺍﻕ‬ ‫ﺯﲪﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻭﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻛﺐ‬ ‫ﺯﺣﺎﻡ‬

3024

missile, rocket

bus

3996

5348

aviation;

vehicle; cart

Arabic)

cart, vehicle

2914

‫ﻣﻨﻔﺬ‬ ‫ﺳﺪﹼ ﺩ‬ ￯‫ﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺇﺳﻌﺎﻑ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﻖ‬

to cross

underpass,

quarter

‫ﻋﺮﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﳐﺮﺝ‬

bridge

‫ﻋﱪ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻛﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻓﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺷﺤﻦ‬

travel

(also to

to depart, take off

1248

1674

center; station

landing

traversing (traffic) jam traffic-related ship, boat crowd; congestion intersection, junction stopping place; station journey, march freight, cargo gate acceleration jeep navigation to step, walk to lower, unload to go by to depart from bus

Frequency index

6226 6254 6262 6269 6303 6355 6374 6388 6428

314

‫ﺳﻠﻚ‬ ‫ﻋﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻃ ﹼﻴﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﻣﺸﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻛﴘ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻋﺠﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻠﻚ‬ ‫ﺳﻔﺮﺓ‬

take (a road)

6454

return

6455

airplane

6486

to make walk

6519

taxi

6626

congestion

6632

arrival

6718

ark

6778

‫ﺳﲑﺓ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺣﺔ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺍﻕ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﻧﻴﺶ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﻓﲑ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﻜﻠﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﺰﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺻﻒ‬ ‫ﹼ‬

journey

‫ ﻧ ﹾﹶﺤ ﹶﻮ‬prep. towards; approximately ‫ﺍﳌﺠﻠﺲ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﱄ ﻟﻠﺤﺒﻮﺏ ﻳﺘﻮﻗﻊ ﺍﻧﺘﺎﺟﺎ ﻋﺎﳌﻴﺎ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ‬ ٦١٨ ‫ ﻣﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻃﻦ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ‬٥٩٣ ‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻘﻤﺢ ﻳﻘﺪﺭ ﺑﻨﺤﻮ‬ ‫ — ﻣﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻃﻦ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ ﺍﳌﺎﴈ‬The International

march, walk

6798

errand

6858

driver corniche

6871

chauffeur

6929

bicycle

6944

stop

7023

to park (also

7046

to arrange)

7146

318

junction to take a walk to walk, stroll train road, way bridge, overpass automobile

‫ ﻛ ﹶﹶﺄﻥﱠ‬and ‫ ﹶﻭﻛ ﹶﹶﺄﻥﱠ‬conj. as if; (with pron.) ‫ ﻛ ﹶﹶﺄ ﱢﲏ‬and ‫ ﻛ ﹶﹶﺄﻧﱠﻨﹺﻲ‬as if I; ‫ ﻛ ﹶﹶﺄﻧﱠﻨﺎ‬and (less frequently) ‫ ﻛ ﹶﹶﺄﻧﹼﺎ‬as ‫— ﻛﻦ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺪﻧﻴﺎ ﻛﺄﻧﻚ ﻏﺮﻳﺐ ﺃﻭ ﻋﺎﺑﺮ ﺳﺒﻴﻞ‬ Be in the world as if you were a stranger,

of wheat that is estimated at approximately 593

or a passerby

million tons compared with 618 million tons

99 | 11773 |

‫ ﻓﻴﻪ‬/fii-h, fii/ part. (Egy.Lev.Gul.) there is, there are; (Lev.Gul.) ‫ ﻣﺎﻓﻴﻪ‬/ma-fii-h/, (Egy.) ‫ﻣﺎﻓﻴﺶ‬ /ma-fii-sh/, (Lev.) ‫ ﻣﺎﻓﺶ‬/ma-fi-sh/, and (Lev.) ‫ ﻓﺶ‬/fi-sh/ there isn’t, there aren’t ...‫ﻧﻌﻢ ﻳﺎﺧﻮﻳﺎ؟ ﻋﺎﻭﺯ ﻣﲔ ﻳﺎ ﺳﻴﺪﻱ؟ ﻣﻔﻴﺶ ﺣﺪ ﻫﻨﺎ‬ ‫ — ﺍﺗﻔﻀﻞ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻣﺔ‬Yes, (what do you want)

319

‫ﺣﺎﻭ ﹶﻝ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬v. III to attempt, try to do sth ‫ — ﺣﺎﻭﻟﻨﺎ ﺃﻥ ﻧﻌﻴﺪ ﺍﻟﺒﻨﺖ ﺇﱃ ﺻﻮﺍﲠﺎ ﻭﻓﺸﻠﻨﺎ‬We tried to get the girl to come to her senses, but we failed 99 | 11772 |

320

‫ ﹶﻗ ﹾﻮﻝ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻗﻮﺍﻝ‬statement, remark; saying, utterance

and “sir” are used here for ridicule)

‫ﻳﺬﻛﺮ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺮﻳﺮ ﺍﻟﴪﻱ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺃﻗﻮﺍﻝ ﺍﳋﱪﺍﺀ ﺃﻥ ﻛﻮﺭﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﲈﻟﻴﺔ ﻗﺪ ﺗﺴﺘﻌﺪ ﻟﻠﻘﻴﺎﻡ ﺑﺎﺧﺘﺒﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ ﻟﻠﺴﻼﺡ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻨﻮﻭﻱ‬The confidential report mentions

62 | 19037 |

some statements from experts that North

brother? Whom do you want sir? There is nobody here....go ahead, good bye (“brother”

Korea might be preparing its first test of

‫ ﹶﻃ ﹺﻮﻳﻞ‬adj. pl. ‫ ﻃﹺﻮﺍﻝ‬long; tall; ‫ ﹶﻃ ﹺﻮ ﹰﻳﻼ‬for a long

nuclear weapons

time; extensively

‫ﻻ ﻳﺰﺍﻝ ﺍﻟﻄﺮﻳﻖ ﻃﻮﻳﻼ ﻓﱰﻛﻴﺎ ﻟﻦ ﺗﻨﻀﻢ ﻓﻌﻠﻴﺎ ﻟﻌﻀﻮﻳﺔ‬ ‫ ﺳﻨﻮﺍﺕ‬١٠ ‫ — ﺍﻻﲢﺎﺩ ﺍﻷﻭﺭﻭﰊ ﻗﺒﻞ ﻣﺮﻭﺭ‬There is a long road ahead, and Turkey will not actually join the European Union for another ten years 99 | 11914 |

317

intersection,

Seeds Council expects a worldwide production

89 | 13340 |

316

‫ﺣﻮﺱ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﲤﺸﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﺮ‬ ‫ﺳﻜﹼﺔ‬ ‫ﻛﱪﻱ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻣﻮﺑﻴﻞ‬

steamship

if we

last year

315

‫ﺑﺎﺧﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﻣﻔﺮﻕ‬

‫ ﻛ ٰﹶﺬﻟﹺ ﹶ‬adv. likewise, also ‫ﻚ‬ ‫ﻧﺤﻦ ﻟﺪﻳﻨﺎ ﺃﻧﺎﺱ ﻣﺘﻌﻠﻤﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻃﺒﺎﺀ ﻭﻣﺜﻘﻔﲔ‬ ‫ — ﻭﻣﻮﺳﻴﻘﻴﲔ ﻛﺬﻟﻚ‬We have educated people,

37

97 | 12036 |

321

‫ ﹶﻣ ﹾﺮ ﹶﺃﺓ‬n. woman, wife; (without def. article) ‫ ﺍﹺ ﹾﻣ ﹶﺮ ﹶﺃﺓ‬: (Lev.Irq.; Egy. derog.) ‫ ﻣﺮﺓ‬/mara/ woman, wife; (in idafa) ‫ ﻣﺮﺍﺕ‬/miraat/ (Egy.), (Lev.Irq.) ‫ ﻣﺮﺓ‬/mart/; (with pron.) ‫ ﻣﺮﺍﰐ‬/miraat-i/ (Egy.) my wife, ‫( ﻣﺮﰐ‬Irq.Lev.) /mart-i/, (Lev.) /marat-i/ ‫ ﻭﻻ ﻳﺪﻝ‬،‫ﻻ ﺗﻮﺟﺪ ﻣﺴﺎﻭﺍﺓ ﻣﻄﻠﻘﺔ ﺑﲔ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﻞ ﻭﺍﳌﺮﺃﺓ‬ ‫ — ﻫﺬﺍ ﻋﲆ ﻧﻘﺺ‬There is no full equality between men and women, and this does not

doctors, intellectuals, and musicians also

imply any shortcoming

96 | 12279 |

99 | 11747 |

38

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

322

‫ ﺣ ﹺ‬truth, reality; fact ‫ ﹶﺣ ﹺﻘﻴ ﹶﻘﺔ‬n. pl. ‫ﻘﺎﺋﻖ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ ﻧﺴﺘﻄﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻝ‬،‫ﻭﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻝ ﻗﺮﺍﺀﺓ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﻛﺎﺭﺗﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻪ ﻻ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻋﲆ ﺻﻌﻴﺪ ﺍﳊﻘﺎﺋﻖ ﻭﺍﻟﻮﻗﺎﺋﻊ‬ ‫ ﻟﻜﻨﻪ ﺻﺪﻡ‬،‫ﺍﳌﻌﺮﻭﻓﺔ ﺟﻴﺪﺍ ﰲ ﺍﳌﻨﻄﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻻﴎﺍﺋﻴﻠﻴﲔ‬Through reading Carter’s

328

book, we can say that there is nothing new

on the basis of elections characterized by

in it in terms of facts and very well-known

freedom and transparency must be a basis for

events in the Arab region, but it shocked

democratic government

the Israelis

95 | 11978 |

99 | 11773 |

323

‫ ﹶﺟ ﹶﻌ ﹶﻞ‬v. I (a) to make sb/sth do sth

329

‫ ﻋﹶﲆ ﻣﺎ ﹶﻳ ﹾﺒﺪﹸ ﻭ‬and ‫ ﻛﹶﲈ ﹶﻳ ﹾﺒﺪﹸ ﻭ‬evidently, apparently,

to appoint sb (minister, etc.); to begin to do

it seems

‫ — ﺑﺪﺍ ﻭﺍﺿﺤﺎ ﺃﳖﺎ ﱂ ﺗﻌﺪ ﲣﺸﻰ ﺷﻴﺌﺎ ﺍﻵﻥ‬It seemed

sth (with imperf.)

‫ﻻ ﺃﻇﻦ ﺃﻥ ﺛﻤﺔ ﺭﺟﻼ ﺃﻭ ﺷﻴﺌﺎ ﻳﺴﺘﻄﻴﻊ ﺍﻵﻥ ﺃﻥ ﳚﻌﻠﻨﻲ‬ ‫ — ﺃﺭﺗﻌﺶ ﺃﻭ ﺃﺭﺗﺒﻚ‬I don’t think there is a man

clear that she no longer feared anything now 98 | 11547 |

or a thing that can make me tremble or be confused now

330

90 | 12881 |

‫ ﹶﻟ ﹼﻤﺎ‬conj. when, after ‫— ﳌﺎ ﺳﺄﻝ ﻋﻨﻬﻢ ﻗﻴﻞ ﻟﻪ ﺇﳖﻢ ﻋﲆ ﻭﺷﻚ ﺩﺧﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺭ‬

left the hospital 99 | 11406 |

they are about to enter hell

325

331

%٧٫١ ‫— ﻧﺤﻦ ﻧﺮﻳﺪ ﺃﻥ ﻧﺤﻘﻖ ﻧﻤﻮﺍ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻳﺎ ﰲ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ‬ We want to accomplish economic growth in the

to pray to (God)

range of 7.1%

‫ ﻓﺴﺄﻟﻪ‬،‫ﺩﺧﻞ ﺍﻟﺰﻭﺝ ﻣﺘﺠﺮﺍ ﻟﻴﺸﱰﻱ ﺛﻮﺑﺎ ﻟﺰﻭﺟﺘﻪ‬ ‫ ﺃﻱ ﻣﻘﺎﺱ ﻭﺃﻱ ﻟﻮﻥ ﺗﺮﻳﺪ؟‬:‫ — ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺋﻊ‬The husband

88 | 12838 |

332

so the seller asked him: What size and color do you want? 95 | 12075 |

326

explain it tomorrow to the students 99 | 11374 |

333

99 | 11475 |

327

accept the killing of innocent people

compatriot

able to obtain drinking water or car fuel 97 | 11765 |

‫ ﹺﺩﻳﻦ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺩﻳﺎﻥ‬religion ‫— ﻗﺘﻞ ﺍﻻﺑﺮﻳﺎﺀ ﻻ ﻳﻘﺒﻠﻪ ﻋﻘﻞ ﻭﻻ ﺩﻳﻦ ﻭﻻ ﻣﺒﺪﺃ‬ Neither mind, nor religion, nor principle can

‫ ﹸﻣﻮﺍﻃﹺﻦ‬n. pl. -uun citizen; fellow citizen, ‫ﺃﺻﺒﺢ ﺍﳌﻮﺍﻃﻦ ﻻ ﻳﺴﺘﻄﻴﻊ ﺍﳊﺼﻮﻝ ﻋﲆ ﻣﻴﺎﻩ ﺍﻟﴩﺏ‬ ‫ — ﻭﻻ ﻋﲆ ﻭﻗﻮﺩ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬Citizens are no longer

‫ ﹶﺑ ﹾﺤﺚ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃﺑﺤﺎﺙ‬, ‫ ﹸﺑ ﹸﺤﻮﺙ‬search (‫ ﻋﻦ‬for); discussion (‫ ﰲ‬of ); research, examination (‫ ﰲ‬of ) ‫— ﳚﺐ ﺃﻥ ﺃﻗﺮﺃ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﻷﻧﻰ ﺳﺄﴍﺣﻪ ﻏﺪﺍ ﻟﻠﻄﻠﺒﺔ‬ I need to read this research because I will

‫ ﹶ‬v. I (i) to live, be alive; to experience sth ‫ﻋﺎﺵ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﺷﻮﺍ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﻣﻦ ﲬﺴﺔ ﻭﺛﻼﺛﲔ ﺳﻨﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻛﺒﺖ ﺍﻟﻨﻈﺎﻡ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻖ‬They lived more than thirty-five years under the repression of the former regime

‫ﹺ ﹺ ﹺ‬ ‫ﻱ‬ ‫ ﺍ ﹾﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﹼ‬adj. economic, economical; (Lev.) thrifty

‫ ﹶﺳ ﹶﺄ ﹶﻝ‬v. I (a) to ask sb (‫ﻋﻦ‬/‫ ﰲ‬about; ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬/‫ﺇﻥ‬ whether); to request from sb (‫ ﺃﻥ‬to do sth);

entered a store to buy a dress for his wife,

‫ ﹶﺧ ﹾﻤ ﹶﺴﺔ‬num. fem. ‫ ﹶﺧ ﹾﻤﺲ‬five; ‫ﹶﴩ‬ ‫ ﹶﺧ ﹾﻤ ﹶﺴ ﹶﺔ ﻋ ﹶ ﹶ‬fifteen ‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﺍﺻﻴﺐ ﰲ ﺍﳊﺎﺩﺙ ﲬﺴﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺭﺟﺎﻝ ﺍﻻﻣﻦ ﻏﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ — ﺑﻌﻀﻬﻢ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﺸﻔﻰ‬Five security men were wounded in the incident, some of whom have

When he asked about them, he was told that 99 | 11598 |

‫ ﹶﺑﺪﺍ‬v. I (u) to appear, seem (‫ ﻝ‬to sb, ‫ ﹶﺃ ﱠﻥ‬that); to look, seem (big, small, happy, sad, etc.);

(with imperf.); to cause sb/sth to be sth;

324

‫ ﹸﺳ ﹾﻠ ﹶﻄﺔ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﺳ ﹸﻠﻄﺎﺕ‬power, rule, authority; ‫ ﹸﺳ ﹸﻠﻄﺎﺕ‬authorities, people in power ‫ﳚﺐ ﺍﻥ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﻞ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻤﻲ ﻟﻠﺴﻠﻄﺔ ﻋﲆ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﺗﺘﺴﻢ ﺑﺎﳊﺮﻳﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺸﻔﺎﻓﻴﺔ ﺍﺳﺎﺳﺎ ﻟﻠﺤﻜﻮﻣﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻤﻮﻗﺮﺍﻃﻴﺔ‬The peaceful transfer of power

99 | 11346 |

334

‫ ﹶﺣ ﹶﻤ ﹶﻞ‬v. I (i) to carry, bear sth; to transport ‫ﹺ‬

(cargo); to become pregnant (‫ ;)ﺣﺎﻣﻞ‬to attack

‫ ﻋﲆ‬sth, campaign ‫ ﻋﲆ‬against

Frequency index

‫ﻓﺘﺢ ﻣﻜﺘﺒﺎ ﻛﺒﲑﺍ ﰱ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺭﻉ ﺍﻟﺬ￯ ﲪﻞ ﺍﺳﻢ ﺳﻌﺪ‬ ‫ — ﺯﻏﻠﻮﻝ ﻓﻴﲈ ﺑﻌﺪ‬He opened a big office on

341

the street that bore the name of Saad Zaghloul later on 97 | 11514 |

335

and I will take the same road to bettering

private

women’s (lives)

‫ﻟﻠﻜﺜﲑ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻄﻴﺎﺭﻳﻦ ﻭﻇﺎﺋﻒ ﻣﺪﻧﻴﺔ ﺇﱃ ﺟﺎﻧﺐ ﻋﻤﻠﻬﻢ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻌﺴﻜﺮﻱ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻄﲑﺍﻥ‬Many pilots have civilian

98 | 11281 |

342

94 | 11770 |

336

99 | 11171 |

337

‫ — ﺇﻧﻪ ﳛﺒﻬﺎ ﻭﻳﻔﺘﻘﺪﻫﺎ ﺑﺸﺪﺓ ﻃﻮﺍﻝ ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺎﺭ‬He loves her and misses her a lot during the day 95 | 11536 | +lit +for

343

‫ ﹶﺟ ﹾﻴﺶ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﺟ ﹸﻴﻮﺵ‬army; armed forces; troops ‫— ﻏﺎﻧﺪ￯ ﻟﻴﺲ ﻟﺪﻳﻪ ﺟﻴﺶ ﻟﻜﻦ ﻟﺪﻳﻪ ﺷﻌﺐ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ‬

come to the conclusion of today’s episode of “The Fourth Estate”

a whole people

90 | 12231 |

96 | 11497 |

‫ ﹺﺟﻬﺎﺯ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺟ ﹺﻬﺰﹶ ﺓ‬apparatus, machine; device,

344

appliance; organization; agency, bureau, office

‫ﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﻳﺮﻳﺪﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﻮﺩﺓ ﺇﱃ ﻣﺎ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻷﻣﻮﺭ ﻗﺒﻞ‬ ‫ — ﺍﺧﱰﺍﻉ ﺍﳍﻮﺍﺗﻒ ﺍﳋﻠﻴﻮﻳﺔ ﻭﺃﺟﻬﺰﺓ ﺍﻟﻜﻤﺒﻴﻮﺗﺮ‬People

computer

‫ ﺑﹺﺪﹼ‬and ‫( ﹶﺑﺪﹼ‬Lev.) part. (verbal) to wish, want, need; (with pron.) ‫ ﺑﹺﺪﱢ ﻱ‬I want, ‫ ﻣﺎﺑﹺﺪﱢ ﻱ‬and ‫ﺑﹺﺪﱢ ﻳﺶ‬ß( ‫ )ﻣﺎ‬I don’t want ‫ — ﻣﺎ ﺑﺪﻱ ﺇﻋﻤﻞ ﺭﺟﻴﻢ‬I don’t want to go on a diet 52 | 21052 | +spo +for

want to go back to the way things were before the invention of the cell phone and the

‫ ﹶﺃﺗﹶﻰ‬v. I (i) to come ‫ ﺇﱃ‬to sth; to come to sb; ‫ ﺏ‬sth ‫ﲠﺬﺍ ﻣﺸﺎﻫﺪﻳﻨﺎ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﺍﻡ ﻧﺄﰐ ﺇﱃ ﺧﺘﺎﻡ ﺣﻠﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻡ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻄﺔ ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺑﻌﺔ‬With this, dear viewers, we

to bring

Gandhi does not have an army, but he has

338

‫ﺐ‬ ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺣ ﱠ‬v. IV to love, like sb; to want, like sth or to do sth

‫ ﻛﹶﻢ‬interrog. how many/much; (Egy.) ‫ﻛﺎﻡ‬ /kaam/, (Irq.Gul.) ‫ ﭼﻢ‬/cham/ ‫ — ﻛﻢ ﺃﲤﻨﻰ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺎﻳﺔ ﻭﺃﻧﺘﻈﺮﻫﺎ ﺑﻔﺎﺭﻍ ﺍﻟﺼﱪ‬How I hope for this end, and I await it impatiently

‫ ﺍﹺ ﹾﻋﺘ ﹶﹶﱪ‬v. VIII to consider sth/sb to be; to regard ‫ ﹶﺃ ﱠ‬that sb/sth as; to believe ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ﺷﻐﻠﺖ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳌﻨﺼﺐ ﻟﺴﻨﻮﺍﺕ ﻋﺪﻳﺪﺓ ﻭﺃﻧﺎ ﺃﻋﺘﱪ ﻧﻔﴘ‬ ‫ﺗﻠﻤﻴﺬﺓ ﳍﺎ ﻭﺳﻮﻑ ﺃﺳﲑ ﻋﲆ ﻧﻔﺲ ﺍﻟﻄﺮﻳﻖ ﻟﻠﻨﻬﻮﺽ‬ ‫ — ﺑﺎﳌﺮﺃﺓ‬She occupied this position for many years, and I consider myself a student of hers

‫ﻱ‬ ‫ ﹶﻋ ﹾﺴﻜ ﹺﹶﺮ ﹼ‬adj. pl. -uun military, army; n. soldier,

jobs along with their military jobs in aviation

39

345

97 | 11379 |

‫ ﹶﺧ ﹶﺮ ﹶﺝ‬v. I (u) to exit, go out ‫ﻋﻦ‬/‫ ﻣﻦ‬from; to leave ‫( ﻣﻦ‬a place); to deviate ‫ ﻋﻦ‬from; (Alg.) to appear, show up, be visible

339

‫ﺍﺳﺘﻌﺎﺭﻭﺍ ﺍﻟﺬﻫﺐ ﺍﳌﴫﻱ ﺛﻢ ﺫﻫﺒﻮﺍ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﻋﻮﺩﺓ ﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ‬ ‫ — ﺧﺮﺟﻮﺍ ﻣﻦ ﻣﴫ‬They borrowed Egyptian gold

‫ﺸﺎﺭﻛﹶﺔ‬ ‫ ﹸﻣ ﹶ‬n. pl. -aat participation, association ‫ﻭﺻﻞ ﺍﱃ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻫﺮﺓ ﻋﴫ ﺍﻣﺲ ﻋﲆ ﺭﺃﺱ ﻭﻓﺪ ﺭﻓﻴﻊ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳌﺴﺘﻮ￯ ﻟﻠﻤﺸﺎﺭﻛﺔ ﰲ ﺍﺟﺘﲈﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻠﺠﻨﺔ‬He

then left never to return, when they went out

arrived in Cairo yesterday afternoon at the head

of Egypt

of a high level delegation to participate in the

99 | 11082 |

meetings of the committee 94 | 11721 |

340

‫ ﹶﻃ ﹾﺒﻊ‬n. nature, character; ‫ ﹶﻃ ﹾﺒﻌ ﹰﺎ‬and ‫ﺑﹺﺎﻟ ﱠﻄ ﹾﺒ ﹺﻊ‬ naturally, of course; vn. printing

‫ ﻃﺒﻌﺎ ﻻ ﻧﺸﻌﺮ ﺑﺎﻷﻣﺎﻥ‬،‫ ﻻ‬- ‫ﻫﻞ ﺗﺸﻌﺮ ﺑﺎﻷﻣﺎﻥ ﺃﻡ ﻻ؟‬

346

‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻋ ﹶﻄﻰ‬v. IV to give, provide sth to sb, or ‫ ﻝ‬to sb ‫ ﻓﺎﺳﺘﺪﺍﺭ ﻭﺑﺪﺃ‬،‫ﻗﺮﺭ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻌﻄﻲ ﻟﻨﻔﺴﻪ ﻓﺮﺻﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﻔﻜﲑ‬ ‫ — ﻳﻄﻮﻑ ﻋﲆ ﻣﻬﻞ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺍﳌﻨﺰﻝ‬He decided to give himself the opportunity to think, so he turned

— Do you feel secure or not? – No, of course

around and started to circle slowly around the

we don’t feel secure

house

98 | 11291 |

99 | 11077 |

40

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

347

‫ ﹺ‬,ß‫ﺃﺣﺒﺎﺏ‬, (Dia.) ‫ﺒﺎﻳﺐ‬ ‫ ﹶﺣ ﹺ‬dear, ‫ ﹶﺣﺒﹺﻴﺐ‬n./adj. pl. ‫ﺃﺣ ﱠﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﹾ‬

354

beloved, sweetheart, darling

functionary; employer, boss, supervisor;

‫ﺗﺒﻐﻲ ﺍﳋﻠﻮﺩ ﻟﻜﻦ ﺍﳊﺐ ﻳﺎ ﺣﺒﻴﺒﻲ ﻻ ﻳﻌﻴﺶ ﺳﻮﻱ ﻋﻤﺮ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻮﺭﻭﺩ‬You want it to last forever, but love,

348

adj. responsible, dependable

my dear, only lives the life span of roses

‫ﺃﺩﻳﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ ﻓﱰﺓ ﺃﺣﺪ ﺍﳌﺴﺆﻭﻟﲔ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺍﻗﻴﲔ ﺍﻟﻜﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ — ﺑﺎﻟﺘﺠﺴﺲ‬After a time, one of the high

97 | 11167 |

Iraqi officials was convicted of spying

‫ ﹶﻓ ﹾﻮﻕ‬n. top, upper part; ‫ ﹶﻓ ﹾﻮ ﹶﻕ‬above, over ‫ — ﻳﺮﻛﻊ ﺃﻣﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﻴﺐ ﺍﻟﺬ￯ ﳛﺘﻔﻆ ﺑﻪ ﻓﻮﻕ ﻓﺮﺍﺷﻪ‬He

96 | 11182 |

355

kneels in front of the cross which he keeps over

‫ﺑﻌﺪ ﺩﻗﺎﺋﻖ ﻗﻠﻴﻠﺔ ﺍﻗﱰﺏ ﻣﻨﻪ ﺑﺨﻄﻮﺍﺕ ﴎﻳﻌﺔ ﺷﺨﺺ‬ ‫ — ﺑﻤﻼﺑﺲ ﺑﻌﻴﺪﺓ ﻛﻞ ﺍﻟﺒﻌﺪ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﺬﻭﻕ‬A few

99 | 10908 |

‫ﹺ‬ ‫ ﹺ‬n. outside, outer part, exterior; ‫ﺧﺎﺭ ﹶﺝ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ outside (of ); ‫ ﺑﺎﳋﺎﺭﺝ‬and ‫ ﰲ ﺍﳋﺎﺭﺝ‬overseas, ‫ ﹺ‬outside abroad; ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺟ ﹰﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﺤﻦ ﻧﺘﺴﻮﻝ ﻛﻞ ﳾﺀ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳋﺎﺭﺝ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺍﻷﺳﻠﺤﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ — ﻧﺪﺍﻓﻊ ﲠﺎ ﻋﻦ ﺃﻧﻔﺴﻨﺎ‬We beg for everything

minutes later a person wearing clothes that were as far as one could possibly get from being tasteful approached him 99 | 10807 |

356

from abroad, even the weapons with which we

‫ﺑﻌﺪ ﺃﺭﺑﻊ ﺳﻨﻮﺍﺕ ﺃﺻﺒﺢ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﱂ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﺧﻄﻮﺭﺓ ﳑﺎ ﻛﺎﻥ‬ ‫ — ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬After four years, the world became

99 | 10903 |

more dangerous than it had been

‫ ﹶﻣ ﹶﺜﻞ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻣﺜﺎﻝ‬example; proverb; ‫ ﹶﻣ ﹶﺜ ﹰﻼ‬for

99 | 10823 |

example

safer than New York, for example

‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﹶﺐ‬ ‫ ﹶﻛﺘ ﹶ‬v. I (u) to write sth; (pass.) ‫ﺐ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ‬ ‫ ﻛﹸﺘ ﹶ‬to be ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﺐ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹾﻴﻪ ﹶﺃ ﹾ‬ granted (success); ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ ﻛﹸﺘ ﹶ‬to be destined

97 | 11170 |

(by God) to

‫ — ﺷﻴﻜﺎﺟﻮ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﺃﻣﻨﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻧﻴﻮﻳﻮﺭﻙ ﻣﺜﻼ‬Chicago is

351

357

‫ﺟﻠﺲ ﺃﻣﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﻜﻤﺒﻴﻮﺗﺮ ﻭﻭﺟﺪ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ ﻳﻤﺤﻮ ﻣﺎ ﻛﺘﺒﻪ ﻭﻳﺒﺪﺃ‬ ￯‫ — ﺻﻴﻐﺔ ﺃﺧﺮ‬He sat in front of the computer

‫ ﹶﺭ ﹾﻗﻢ‬n. number, numeral, figure; rate; record ‫ﻛﻴﻒ ﻳﺴﺘﻄﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻴﻬﺎ ﻻﳖﺎ ﱂ ﺗﻌﻄﻪ ﺭﻗﻢ ﻫﺎﺗﻔﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺎﻝ ﻭﻻ ﻳﻤﻠﻚ ﺳﻮ￯ ﺍﳊﻴﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﻮﺣﻴﺪﺓ ﻭﻫﻲ ﺍﻳﻤﻴﻠﻬﺎ‬

and found himself erasing what he had written and beginning with a different approach

— How can he reach her, since she didn’t give

99 | 10747 |

him her cell phone number and he only has one strategy (left), and that is to email her

358

98 | 11013 |

352

‫ ﹺﺿﺪﹼ‬n. opposite; ‫ ﹺﺿﺪﱠ‬prep. against ‫— ﺳﻴﻜﻮﻥ ﺑﺠﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﺣﺘﻰ ﻟﻮ ﻭﻗﻒ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﱂ ﻛﻠﻪ ﺿﺪﻩ‬

99 | 10724 |

stands against him 89 | 12137 |

￯‫ ﹶﺟ ﹶﺮ‬v. I (i) to occur, take place; to happen ‫ ﻝ‬to sb; to flow, run (liquid); to run (person) ‫ ﹶﻭﺭﺍ ﹶﺀ‬after sb ‫ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﻣﺄﺳﺎﺓ ﲡﺮﻱ ﰲ ﺍﻷﺣﻮﺍﺯ ﻻ ﺗﻐﻄﻴﻬﺎ ﻭﺳﺎﺋﻞ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ‬There is a tragedy happening in

‫ ﹺﺣﲔ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺣﻴﺎﻥ‬time, moment, opportunity; ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺣﻴﺎﻧ ﹰﺎ‬sometimes, occasionally ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺴﻠﻤﺖ ﻫﻲ ﻟﻨﻮﻡ ﻫﺎﺩﺉ ﻋﲆ ﺣﲔ ﻇﻞ ﻫﻮ ﻏﺎﺭﻗﺎ ﰲ‬ ‫ — ﺧﻮﺍﻃﺮﻩ‬She surrendered herself to a calm sleep while he remained immersed in his thoughts

He will be beside him even if the whole world

353

‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺭ ﹶﺑ ﹶﻌﺔ‬num. fem. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺭ ﹶﺑﻊ‬four; ‫ﹾﺃﺭ ﹶﺑ ﹶﻌ ﹶﺔ ﻋ ﹶﹶﴩ‬

fourteen

defend ourselves

350

‫ ﹶﺑ ﹺﻌﻴﺪ‬adj. pl. ‫ ﺑﹺﻌﺎﺩ‬distant, far, remote; ‫ﹶﺑ ﹺﻌﻴﺪ ﹰﺍ ﻋﹶﻦ‬ far away from

his bed

349

‫ ﹶﻣ ﹾﺴ ﹸﺆﻭﻝ‬and ‫ ﹶﻣ ﹾﺴﺌﹸﻮﻝ‬n. pl. -uun official,

359

‫ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺿ ﹶﻊ‬v. I (a) to put, place sth ‫ ﲢﺖ‬/‫ ﻋﲆ‬/‫ﰲ‬ inside/on/under; to lay down (rules, conditions); to lay (an egg); to give birth to (a child); to write, compile, draft, compose sth

‫ﻭﺿﻌﻨﺎ ﴍﻭﻃﺎ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﺓ ﻟﻼﺳﺘﺜﲈﺭ ﰲ ﺳﻮﺭﻳﺎ ﱂ ﺗﻜﻦ‬ ‫ — ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩﺓ ﺳﺎﺑﻘﺎ‬We put new conditions in place for investment in Syria which were not present

Ahwaz which the Arab media are not covering

previously

95 | 11306 |

94 | 11331 |

Frequency index

360

361

‫ ﻧﺎﺋﹺﺐ‬n. pl. ‫ ﻧ ﹼﹸﻮﺍﺏ‬deputy, delegate; vice‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻴﺖ ﺭﺋﻴﺲ ﳎﻠﺲ ﺍﻟﻨﻮﺍﺏ ﻭﺗﺒﺎﺩﻟﻨﺎ ﺍﻟﺮﺃﻱ ﺣﻮﻝ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻮﺿﻊ ﰲ ﻟﺒﻨﺎﻥ‬I met the president of the

round

‫ﻳﺒﺪﻭ ﺃﻥ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﺔ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺣﺒﺲ ﺍﻷﻧﻔﺎﺱ ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻠﻖ‬ ‫ — ﲡﺘﺎﺡ ﺣﺎﻟﻴﺎ ﺍﳊﻴﺎﺓ ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻣﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﺒﻨﺎﻧﻴﲔ‬It seems that

concerning the situation in Lebanon

a new stage of holding one’s breath and worrying

85 | 12514 |

is currently pervading the daily life of the Lebanese 97 | 10806 |

‫ﺧﺎﺻﺔ‬ especially, particularly; ‫ﺍﳋﺎﺻﺔ‬ ‫ ﱠ‬n. ‫ﺧﺎﺻ ﹰﺔ‬ ‫ﱠ‬ ‫ﱠ‬ ‫ ﻭﳛﺒﻨﻲ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﻭﺧﺎﺻﺔ‬، ‫ﺳﺄﻛﱪ ﻭﺃﻛﻮﻥ ﺷﺎﻋﺮﺍ ﻣﺘﻤﻴﺰﺍ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺎﺀ ﻛﲈ ﲢﺐ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﻋﺮ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﻣﺎﻧﴘ ﻧﺰﺍﺭ ﻗﺒﺎﲏ‬I will

367

364

grow up and become a notable poet, and

‫ﻣﴫ ﻣﺜﻞ ﺑﻼﺩ ﻛﺜﲑﺓ ﰱ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﱂ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺚ ﺗﻌﺎﻧﻰ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺸﺎﻛﻞ‬ ‫ — ﻋﻤﻴﻘﺔ ﻭﻛﺜﲑﺓ ﺗﺮﺍﻛﻤﺖ ﻋﲆ ﻣﺪ￯ ﻗﺮﻭﻥ‬Egypt, like

people will love me, particularly the women,

many countries of the third world, suffers from

as they love the romantic poet Nizar Qabbani

many deep problems which have piled up over

94 | 11333 |

centuries

‫ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻟﺪ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭﻻﺩ‬, (Egy.) ‫ ﹺﻭﻻﺩ‬child, son, boy ‫ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﺟﻌﻠﻨﻲ ﺃﻓﻜﺮ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻨﺘﻬﻲ ﺃﻭﻻﺩﻱ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺳﺘﻬﻢ ﺍﳉﺎﻣﻌﻴﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺘﻄﻮﻉ ﰲ ﺇﺣﺪ￯ ﻫﻴﺌﺎﺕ ﺍﻹﻏﺎﺛﺔ‬

99 | 10560 |

368

‫ ﺍﹺﺟﺘﹺ ﹺ‬adj. social; ‫ﲈﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﹺ ﹺ ﹺ‬ ‫ﲈﻋ ﹼﻲ‬ ‫ﹾ‬ ‫ ﺍﳊﺎ ﹶﻟﺔ ﺍﻻ ﹾﺟﺘ ﱠ‬personal

status

children finish their university studies, of

‫ﻧﺘﻄﻠﻊ ﺍﱃ ﻣﺒﺎﺩﺭﺓ ﺍﳊﻜﻮﻣﺔ ﺑﺘﻨﻔﻴﺬ ﺣﺰﻡ ﺃﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﺟﺘﲈﻋﻲ‬ ‫ — ﻟﺘﻔﺎﺩﻱ ﺳﻠﺒﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﻮﻕ‬We are looking forward

volunteering in one of the aid organizations

to the government’s initiative to carry out

99 | 10683 |

social security packages to avoid the negatives

‫ ﹶﺩﻡ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹺﺩﻣﺎﺀ‬blood; (Dia.) ‫ﹶﺩ ﹼﻡ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ ﻟﺒﺜﺖ ﺃﻥ ﺍﳖﻤﺮﺕ ﺍﻟﺪﻣﻮﻉ ﻣﻦ ﻋﻴﻨﻴﻬﺎ ﺣﻴﻨﲈ ﺗﺬﻛﺮﺕ‬ ‫ ﲥﺪﺭ ﻇﻠﲈ ﰲ‬،‫ ﻭﺃﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ‬،‫ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺮﺍﻕ‬،‫ﺍﻟﺪﻣﺎﺀ ﰲ ﻓﻠﺴﻄﲔ‬ ‫ — ﺣﺮﺏ‬It was not long before tears began to

of the market 94 | 11095 |

369

‫ ﹶﺃ ﹺ‬discussion, conversation, ‫ ﹶﺣ ﹺﺪﻳﺚ‬n. pl. ‫ﺣﺎﺩﻳﺚ‬ talk; story, interview; Hadith (narratives based

flow from her eyes when she remembered the

on the words and deeds of the Prophet

blood in Palestine, Iraq, and Afghanistan, wasted

Muhammad)

unjustly in war

‫— ﳚﺐ ﺃﻥ ﳚﺮﻱ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺚ ﻋﲆ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺻﻌﻴﺪ‬

99 | 10621 |

This discussion needs to take place on more than one level

‫ ﺻ ﹺ‬adj. true, correct; sound, healthy; ‫ﺤﻴﺢ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ ﹺ‬Sahih authentic (Hadith): ‫ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﻟ ﹸﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ Al-Bukhari (Hadith collection); interj. yes,

‫ ﹺ‬really, truly right; ‫ﺻﺤﻴﺤ ﹰﺎ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ﺇﻥ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺃﺭﻗﺎﻡ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺪﻓﺎﻉ ﺻﺤﻴﺤﺔ ﻓﺈﻥ ﺍﳌﺸﻜﻠﺔ ﰲ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳉﻴﺶ ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻜﻮﻥ ﻋﴩﺓ ﺃﺿﻌﺎﻑ ﺫﻟﻚ‬If the

365

‫ ﺛﺎﻟﹺﺚ‬adj. third (ordinal); ‫ ﺛﺎﻟﹺﺜ ﹰﺎ‬thirdly, in third place

— This matter made me think, after my

363

‫ ﻣ ﹺ‬phase, stage, step; (sports) ‫ ﹶﻣ ﹾﺮ ﹶﺣ ﹶﻠﺔ‬n. pl. ‫ﺮﺍﺣﻞ‬ ‫ﹶ‬

Council of Deputies and we exchanged opinions

the elite, the upper class

362

366

41

97 | 10667 |

370

‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﻴﺎﺳﺔ‬ ‫ ﺳ ﹶ‬n. politics; pl. -aat policy ‫ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻻ ﻳﺮﻏﺒﻮﻥ ﺑﺎﳌﺸﺎﺭﻛﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻔﺘﺎﺀ ﻟﻴﺴﻮﺍ‬%٥ ‫ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﻻ ﳞﺘﻤﻮﻥ ﺑﺎﻟﺪﺳﺘﻮﺭ‬%٢٦ ‫ ﻭ‬،‫ﻣﻬﺘﻤﲔ ﺑﺎﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﺔ‬ — Five percent of those who want to participate

numbers of the Ministry of Defense are correct,

in the election are not interested in politics, and

the problem in the army could be ten times that

26% of them are not interested in the constitution

99 | 10605 |

95 | 10867 |

‫ ﺇﹺ ﹾﺳﻼﻡ‬n. Islam ‫ﺍﺧﺘﻠﻂ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺏ ﺍﻻﺻﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺑﺎﻻﺳﺒﺎﻧﻴﲔ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﺗﻌﺮﺑﻮﺍ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺍﻋﺘﻨﻘﻮﺍ ﺍﻻﺳﻼﻡ ﻭﺍﲣﺬﻭﻩ ﺩﻳﻨﺎ ﳍﻢ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﺍ‬The

371

‫ ﹶﻃ ﹶﺮﻑ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻃﺮﺍﻑ‬edge, side; tip, end; extremity (body limb); participant, player, party, team

original Arabs mixed with the Spaniards, who

‫ﲨﻴﻊ ﺍﻷﻃﺮﺍﻑ ﺍﻟﻠﺒﻨﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻘﺔ ﻋﲆ ﻣﺎ ﳛﺼﻞ ﻭﺗﺪﻋﻢ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳌﻘﺎﻭﻣﺔ‬All the Lebanese factions are agreed

were Arabized and embraced Islam and adopted

on what is happening and they support the

it as their new religion

opposition

95 | 11031 |

99 | 10407 |

42

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

372

‫ ﹶﺃ‬part. (interrog., often with neg.part.) ‫ﺃﻻ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬didn’t, ‫ ﺃ ﹶﻟ ﹾﻴ ﹶﺲ‬isn’t, aren’t doesn’t, don’t; ‫ﺃﱂ‬ ‫ ﺃﻟﻴﺴﺖ‬،‫ﻧﺤﻦ ﺑﺤﺎﺟﺔ ﻷﻧﺎﺱ ﻳﻔﻬﻤﻮﻥ ﻻ ﻷﻧﺎﺱ ﺃﻏﺒﻴﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻓﻀﻴﺤﺔ ﺃﺑﻮ ﻏﺮﻳﺐ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﺔ ﳉﻬﻞ ﻫﺆﻻﺀ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ‬ ‫ — ﺑﺎﻵﺧﺮﻳﻦ؟‬We need people who understand,

379

chief

￯‫ﻟﻮ ﺭﺁﻙ ﻣﻦ ﻻ ﻳﻌﺮﻓﻚ ﻟﻈﻦ ﺃﻧﻚ ﻣﺪﻳﺮ ﻟﴩﻛﺎﺕ ﻛﱪ‬ — If someone sees you who doesn’t know you, he would think that you are a director of some

not stupid people; wasn’t the Abu Ghreib

big companies

scandal a result of the ignorance of these

97 | 10445 |

people towards others? 94 | 11013 |

373

380

‫ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻃﻦ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭﻃﺎﻥ‬nation, homeland ‫ﻧﺸﻜﺮﻛﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻋﲈﻕ ﻗﻠﻮﺑﻨﺎ ﻋﲆ ﻣﺎ ﻗﺪﻣﺘﻤﻮﻩ ﻟﻠﻮﻃﻦ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ — ﺇﻧﺠﺎﺯﺍﺕ ﺗﺎﺭﳜﻴﺔ‬We thank you from the depths nation in the way of historical accomplishments 96 | 10693 |

the world 99 | 10187 |

381

‫ﻳﻨﻘﺴﻢ ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻳﻮﻥ ﺍﳌﴫﻳﻮﻥ ﺣﻮﻝ ﻣﺪ￯ ﺍﳊﺎﺟﺔ‬ ‫— ﺇﱃ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻊ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺪ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﱄ‬

‫ ﹸﺭ ﱠﺑﲈ‬and ‫ ﹶﻟ ﹸﺮ ﱠﺑﲈ‬adv. perhaps, maybe ‫ﻧﺬﻫﺐ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﺰﻣﻴﻠﺔ ﺳﻤﲑﺓ ﺭﺑﲈ ﻟﺪﳞﺎ ﺍﳌﺰﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‬

Egyptian economists are divided over the extent of the need for a new agreement

she has more information

with the International Monetary Fund

98 | 10486 |

376

‫ ﳌﹺﺎﺫﺍ‬interrog. why ‫ ﺃ￯ ﻓﻀﺎﺋﺢ‬،‫ﻳﻌﺮﻑ ﳌﺎﺫﺍ ﺗﺮﻛﻮﺍ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﻳﺔ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻹﺳﻜﻨﺪﺭﻳﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺍﺭﺗﻜﺒﻮﻫﺎ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺭﺣﻴﻠﻬﻢ‬He knows why they left

97 | 10434 |

the village for Alexandria, what scandals they

‫ ﺇﹺﺿﺎ ﹶﻓﺔ‬n. addition; ‫ ﺑﹺﺎﻹﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺇﱃ‬in addition to ‫ﺑﺎﻹﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺇﱃ ﺍﳊﺮﺏ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻨﻒ ﻭﺍﻟﺪﻡ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺃﻳﻀﺎ ﺣﺮﺏ‬ ‫ — ﻛﻼﻣﻴﺔ‬In addition to the war and the

committed before they left

violence and the blood, there is also the war

90 | 11470 |

of words

‫ ﹶﻗﻠﹺﻴﻞ‬adj. few, small amount; ‫ ﹶﻗ ﹺﻠ ﹰﻴﻼ‬adv. a little,

94 | 10665 |

somewhat; briefly, shortly

‫ﻛﻴﻒ ﺗﻘﻴﻢ ﺃﺩﺍﺀ ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺍﻟﻮﻃﻨﻲ ﺧﻼﻝ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﻮﺍﺕ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻘﻠﻴﻠﺔ ﺍﳌﺎﺿﻴﺔ؟‬How do you evaluate the

382

383

located, found, situated (place)

‫ﻫﻞ ﺗﻮﺍﻓﻖ ﺩﻛﺘﻮﺭ ﳏﻤﻮﺩ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﻗﻊ ﻋﲆ ﺃﻥ ﻣﻨﻈﻤﺔ‬ ‫— ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺮﻳﺮ ﺍﻟﻔﻠﺴﻄﻴﻨﻴﺔ ﻫﻲ ﺍﳌﻤﺜﻠﺔ ﻟﻠﻔﻠﺴﻄﻴﻨﻴﲔ‬

the last few years? 99 | 10329 |

‫ ﹶﻋﻠﹺ ﹶﻢ‬v. I (a) to know sth or ‫ ﹶﺃ ﱠﻥ‬that; ‫ ﹶﺃ ﱠ‬that to find out ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﺤﻦ ﺍﻵﻥ ﻧﻌﻠﻢ ﺃﻥ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺣﻮﺍﺭﺍﺕ ﺑﲔ ﻋﺪﺩ ﻛﺒﲑ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳌﺠﻤﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﺤﺔ‬We now know that there are conversations between a large number of armed groups 99 | 10266 |

378

‫ ﹺ‬n. reality, fact; actual situation; ‫ﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬ adj. falling (date), occurring (time);

performance of the national economy during

377

‫ ﹺﻣ ﹾ ﹺ‬n./adj. pl. -uun Egyptian; ‫ﻱ‬ ‫ﴫ ﹼ‬ (Egy.Lev.Gul.) /maSri/

— We will go to our colleague Samira, perhaps

375

‫ ﹺﳖﺎ ﹶﻳﺔ‬n. end, finish; termination, ending ‫ ﻟﻜﻨﻪ ﻟﻴﺲ ﳖﺎﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﱂ‬،‫ — ﻫﺬﺍ ﺃﻣﺮ ﺳﻴﺊ ﺑﺎﻟﻄﺒﻊ‬This is a bad thing, of course, but it is not the end of

of our hearts for what you have offered to the

374

‫ ﹸﻣ ﹺﺪﻳﺮ‬n. director, manager; (office) boss,

Do you agree with Dr Mahmoud in fact that the PLO is the representative of the Palestinians? 98 | 10193 |

384

‫ ﹺ‬adj. complete, full; integral, perfect; ‫ﻛﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫ ﺑﹺ ﹺ‬completely ‫ﺎﻟﻜﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺪﻋﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ ﻳﻌﻤﻞ ﺑﺤﺮﻳﺔ ﻛﺎﻣﻠﺔ ﻭﺑﺎﺳﺘﻘﻼﻝ‬ ‫ — ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﱄ‬The public prosecutor

‫ ﹶﺣﺘﱠﻰ‬adv. even, including; although, even though ‫ — ﻳﻌﻤﻞ ﺣﺘﻰ ﰲ ﺍﺟﺎﺯﺓ ﺍﻟﺼﻴﻒ‬He even works

works with complete freedom and

during summer vacation

concerned

87 | 11707 |

99 | 10092 |

complete independence as far as I am

Frequency index

385

‫ ﺭﻓﻌﺘﻬﲈ ﺑﺒﻂﺀ ﺇﱃ ﺷﻔﺘﻰ‬،‫ﺃﻣﺴﻜﺖ ﺑﻴﺪﳞﺎ ﻋﱪ ﺍﳌﺎﺋﺪﺓ‬ ‫ — ﻭﻗﺒﻠﺘﻬﲈ‬I took hold of her hands across the

‫ ﹶﻟ ﹾﻴﻞ‬n. night, night-time; ‫ ﹶﻟ ﹾﻴ ﹰﻼ‬by night; ‫ﹶﻟ ﹾﻴ ﹰﻼ‬ ‫ ) ﹶﻭ(ﳖﹶﺎﺭ ﹰﺍ‬day and night ‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﳋﻮﺍﺟﺔ ﺩﻳﻤﱰ￯ ﻳﻌﻤﻞ ﻟﻴﻼ ﰱ ﺟﺮﺍﺝ ﺍﻟﺒﻠﺪﻳﺔ ﻫﺬﺍ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻷﺳﺒﻮﻉ ﻓﻬﻮ ﻳﻌﻤﻞ ﺑﻨﻈﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﻮﺭﺩﻳﺎﺕ‬Mr Dimitri

table, and raised them slowing to my lips and

was working at night in the municipal garage

kissed them

this week, since he works shifts

95 | 10358 |

99 | 9832 |

‫ ﹶﻋ ﹾﺒ ﹶﺮ‬prep. across, over, via; through,

392

be means of

386

387

‫ ﹶﺷ ﹾﺮﻕ‬n. east; ‫ ﹶﺷ ﹾﺮﻗ ﹰﺎ‬eastward, in the east ‫ﺫﻟﻚ ﺳﻮﻑ ﻳﻔﺘﺢ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺏ ﺃﻣﺎﻡ ﺩﻭﻝ ﻛﺜﲑﻩ ﰱ ﺍﻟﴩﻕ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻻﻭﺳﻂ ﻟﺘﻤﺘﻠﻚ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻨﻮﻟﻮﺟﻴﺎ‬That will open

393

in class to summarize the study and comment

to possess this technology

on it

98 | 10112 |

98 | 9972 |

‫ ﹶﻇ ﱠﻞ‬v. I (a) to stay, remain; to continue to be;

394

Firas to stay alive...Firas is no longer water and air

‫ﻗﺎﻡ ﺍﳌﻠﻚ ﺍﳊﺴﲔ ﺑﺪﻭﺭ ﺭﺋﻴﺲ ﰲ ﻋﻘﺪ ﻣﺆﲤﺮ ﻣﺪﺭﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺴﻼﻡ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻝ ﺗﻮﻓﲑ ﻣﻈﻠﺔ ﻟﻠﻔﻠﺴﻄﻴﻨﻴﲔ ﻟﻠﺘﻔﺎﻭﺽ‬ ‫ — ﺣﻮﻝ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﺒﻠﻬﻢ‬King Hussein played a major

98 | 10006 |

role at the Madrid Peace Conference by

‫ ﹶﺗ ﹾﻌﻠﹺﻴﻢ‬n. pl. -aat, ‫ ﺗﹶﻌﺎﻟﹺﻴﻢ‬education, teaching; ‫ﹺ‬ instruction; ‫ ﹶﺗ ﹾﻌﻠﻴﲈﺕ‬instructions, guidelines; ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ ﺗﹶﻌﺎﻟﻴﻢ‬precepts ‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﺃﰊ ﺭﲪﻪ ﺍﷲ ﺭﺟﻼ ﻣﺴﺘﻨﲑﺍ ﻳﺆﻳﺪ ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻢ ﺍﳌﺮﺃﺓ‬ ‫ — ﻭﻋﻤﻠﻬﺎ‬My father, God rest his soul, was an

providing an umbrella for the Palestinians to negotiate about their future 92 | 10549 |

of women, and women working

‫ ﻟﹺﻘﺎﺀ‬n. pl. -aat meeting, encounter; interview ‫ﻣﺸﺎﻫﺪﻳﻨﺎ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﺍﻡ ﺃﻫﻼ ﻭﺳﻬﻼ ﺑﻜﻢ ﻣﻌﻨﺎ ﰲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻠﻘﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﳋﺎﺹ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺪ ﳏﻤﻮﺩ ﻋﺒﺎﺱ ﺭﺋﻴﺲ ﻣﻨﻈﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺮﻳﺮ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻔﻠﺴﻄﻴﻨﻴﺔ‬Esteemed viewers, we welcome

97 | 10122 |

you among us in this special meeting with

395

enlightened man who supported the education

‫ ﹸﺭﻭﺡ‬fem./masc.n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺭﻭﺍﺡ‬spirit, soul; life; ‫ ﻳﺎ ﺭ ﹺ‬my love!; (Gul. with ‫ ﺏ‬and pron.) !‫ﻭﺣﻲ‬ ‫ﹸ‬ by oneself; ‫ ﺑﺮﻭﺣﻲ‬/b-ruuHi/ by myself ‫ — ﺍﳊﻖ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻳﲈﺭﺱ ﻋﻤﻠﻪ ﺑﺮﻭﺡ ﺍﻟﻔﻨﺎﻥ‬The fact is that

Mr Mahmoud Abbas, the head of the PLO 95 | 10174 |

396

‫ﻫﻮ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺑﺄﻧﻚ ﻋﻀﻮ ﰲ ﺣﻜﻮﻣﺔ ﳏﻠﻴﺔ ﺑﺄﻧﻪ ﻫﻮ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ‬ ‫ ﻛﻴﻒ ﺗﺮﺩ ﻋﲆ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻜﻼﻡ؟‬،‫— ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻴﺔ ﻟﻜﻞ ﻓﻠﺴﻄﲔ‬

99 | 9915 |

He said that you are a member of a local

‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻓ ﹶﻀﻞ‬elat. better/best ‫ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﻷﻓﻀﻞ ﻫﻮ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻓﺎﺯ‬..‫ﳚﺐ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻜﻮﻥ ﻋﺎﺩﻻ‬

government, and that he is the foreign minister of all of Palestine, how do you respond to these

— You must be fair. The best team is the one

statements?

that won

99 | 9732 |

98 | 9989 |

391

‫ ﹶﺭ ﱠﺩ‬v. I (u) to answer ‫ ﻋﲆ‬sb, to respond ‫ ﻋﲆ‬to sth/sb; to return, reciprocate (a favor)

he carries out his work with the spirit of an artist

390

‫ ﹸﻣ ﹾﺆﺗ ﹶﹶﻤﺮ‬n. pl. -aat conference, congress, convention

‫ ﱂ‬..‫ﱂ ﺗﻌﺪ ﺑﺤﺎﺟﺔ ﺇﱃ ﻓﺮﺍﺱ ﻛﻲ ﺗﻈﻞ ﻋﲆ ﻗﻴﺪ ﺍﳊﻴﺎﺓ‬ ‫ — ﻳﻌﺪ ﻓﺮﺍﺱ ﺍﳌﺎﺀ ﻭﺍﳍﻮﺍﺀ‬She no longer needs

389

‫ ﹸﺃ ﹾﺳ ﹸﺒﻮﻉ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃﺳﺎﺑﹺﻴﻊ‬week ‫ﰱ ﺍﻷﺳﺒﻮﻉ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺩﻡ ﺳﺄﻃﻠﺐ ﺇﻟﻴﻚ ﰱ ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ﺗﻠﺨﻴﺺ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻖ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬Next week I will ask you

the door for many countries in the Middle East

(with imperf.) to keep on doing

388

43

‫ ﻣﺎﻝ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻣﻮﺍﻝ‬money, capital; ‫ ﹶﺭ ﹾﺃﺱ ﻣﺎﻝ‬and ‫ ﹶﺭ ﹾﺃﺳﲈﻝ‬capital; ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻣﻮﺍﻝ‬assets, funds, monies ‫ — ﻻ ﳎﺪ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺪﻧﻴﺎ ﳌﻦ ﻗﻞ ﻣﺎﻟﻪ‬There is no glory in

397

‫ ﻛﹶﻲ‬and ‫ ﻟﹺﻜﹶﻲ‬conj. (with foll. subjunctive) in order to, so that

‫ ﻓﻨﺎﺩﺍﲏ‬،‫ — ﺃﺭﺩﺕ ﺃﻥ ﺃﺧﺮﺝ ﻛﻲ ﻻ ﺃﺿﺎﻳﻘﻪ‬I wanted to go out so I wouldn’t bother him, and then

the world for him who has little money

he called to me

98 | 9951 |

90 | 10724 |

44

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

6 Family 66 76 104 128 145 163 174 226 252 264 321 362 464 476 496 547 559 594 664 764 770 791 829 850 1046

‫ﺃﺥ‬ ‫ﺃﺏ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﻦ‬ ‫ﺃ ﹼﻡ‬ ‫ﻃﻔﻞ‬ ‫ﺃﺧﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺖ‬ ‫ﺷﺐ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺃﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﺪ‬ ‫ﺯﻭﺝ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﻳﺐ‬ ‫ﺯﻭﺟﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺻﻞ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﴎﺓ‬ ‫ﺯﻭﺍﺝ‬ ‫ﻋﻢ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺎﺓ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﺑﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﺋﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﺏ‬

brother

1700

father house;

1731

family

1767

family,

1914

relatives

1964

son mother

2120

child

2407

sister

2453

daughter,

2590

girl

2616

young man

2660

woman, wife

2776

child, son, boy

1151 1226 1354 1386 1394 1410 1612

‫ﺍﻣﺮﺃﺓ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﻮ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﹼ‬ ‫ﺃﻗﺮﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﱄ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﲇ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﺪ‬

4829

full brother

4832

family, clan

guardian husband family women, harem

child-rearing

4935

(adj)

5011

‫ﻣﺘﺠﻮﺯ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺭ ﹼﺑﺔ ﺑﻴﺖ‬

5069

‫ﺭﺯﻕ‬

to be blessed

5379

‫ﺭﺿﻴﻊ‬

breast-feeding

papa

5398

young

5662

‫ﻧﺠﻞ‬ ‫ﻋﺮﻕ‬

wedding mama young boy bride divorce

woman

married homemaker, housewife with (a child) infant son ancestry; ethnicity

5756

child

5811 5857

‫ﻋﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﹼ‬

paternal

domestic

5899

papa

brother

5913

married

5940

guardian

5944

‫ﻳﺎﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﳎﻮﺯ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺭ ﹼﺑﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺑﺔ‬

6021

‫ﺗﻜ ﹼﻔﻞ‬

woman, wife

6038

sister

6096

bridegroom

6114

lineage;

6156

‫ﻣﻨﺰ ﹼﱄ‬

kinship

6162

domestic,

6170

household

6173

4040

‫ﺷﻴﺨﺔ‬

elderly

6200

woman

6253

4066

‫ﺻﺒ ﹼﻴﺔ‬

‫ﻭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﻨ ﹼﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺧﻮﺓ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﺰﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﰊ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻃﻨﻂ‬ ‫ﺯﻭﺟ ﹼﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻴﺪ‬

girl, young 6272

‫ﰊ‬ ‫ﻋﺰﹼ ﺍ ﹼ‬

child (also

6280

‫ﻗﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﳐﻄﻮﺏ‬ ‫ﺣﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﻲ‬

wife

3140

lineage

3188

(also origin) father

3197

home;

3205

family

3226

family

3229

marriage;

3232

wedding

3236

paternal

3581

uncle girl

3666

child-rearing

3838

family

3879

give birth 3901

sons grandfather

linked to

‫ﺣﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺯ‬ ‫ﻋﻴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺣﺮﻳﻢ‬

aunt

2951

pl. relatives daughter

4128

legal

4236

guardian domestic

4281

to give

4298

birth to

4599

‫ﺧﺎﻟﺔ‬

4766

‫ﻏﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻳﲈ‬ ‫ﲡﻮﺯ‬ ‫ﹼ‬

relative

woman

‫ﻋﺮﺱ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺻﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻋﺮﻭﺱ‬ ‫ﻃﻼﻕ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺷﺎ ﹼﺑﺔ‬

4638

married

5711

bring) 1052

‫ﻣﺮﺗﺒﻂ‬ ‫ﺷﻘﻴﻖ‬ ‫ﺁﻝ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﺑﻮﻱ‬

to get

maternal

2926

husband

to (also to

‫ﺗﺰﻭﺝ‬ ‫ﹼ‬

‫ﻋﻴﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺗﺒ ﱟﻦ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﺋﲇ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺧﻲ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﺰﻭﺝ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﻨﹼﻰ‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺣﺮﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﺷﻘﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﺮﻳﺲ‬ ‫ﻧﺴﺐ‬

‫ﺃﴎﻱ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻫﻞ‬ ‫ﺧ ﹼﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻔﺼﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺯﻓﺎﻑ‬

adoption maternal uncle

to adopt orphan married

girl domestic ignorant)

6362

to give birth

6376

separation

6378

wedding

6387

boy, youth mom to get married aunt married to raise kinship, relationship to be legal guardian boy little girl brotherhood bachelor little child daddy aunt matrimony child, newborn single, unmarried marriage baby engaged father-in-law little son

Frequency index

6429 6430 6515 6636 6645 6656

398

‫ﺯﻭﺝ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻣﺰﻭﺝ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻭ ﹼﺩ‬ ‫ﻃ ﹼﻠﻖ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﻳﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺧﻮﻱ‬ ‫ﹼ‬

to marry off

6659

married

6665

‫ﻳﺒﺎ‬ ‫ﺣﻀﺎﻧﺔ‬

boy, son to divorce

6764

daughter

6766

brotherly

6812

‫ﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺑﻮ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻡ‬

‫ ﹶﺻ ﹺﺪﻳﻖ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺻ ﹺﺪﻗﺎﺀ‬friend ‫ﻳﺒﺪﺃ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺗﺐ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﺑﺎﳊﺪﻳﺚ ﻋﻦ ﺃﺻﺪﻗﺎﺋﻪ ﻭﻣﻌﺎﺭﻓﻪ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺏ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﳖﻢ ﻧﺠﺤﻮﺍ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺮﻳﺐ ﺑﲔ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳌﺠﺘﻤﻌﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴﲔ‬The

dad

6963

child custody,

6996

‫ﺟﻮﺯ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺻﻬﺮ‬

7342

‫ﻃﺎﻃﺎ‬

nursery, daycare mom

45

to marry off brother-in-law, son-in-law aunt

father twin

403

‫ ﹸﻣ ﹾﻤﻜﹺﻦ‬adj. possible ‫ﻫﻞ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻤﻜﻦ ﺃﻥ ﺗﺼﻤﺖ ﺍﻟﻮﻻﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﺘﺤﺪﺓ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻷﻣﲑﻛﻴﺔ ﻋﻦ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳌﻮﺿﻮﻉ؟‬Was it possible for the United States of America to stay silent

author begins his article by talking about his

about this subject?

Arab friends and acquaintances who he said

98 | 9784 |

have succeeded in bringing together Americans and Arab-Islamic societies

404

399

‫ ﹶﺩ ﹾﻋﻢ‬n. support, assistance, bolstering, promotion

99 | 9751 |

‫ﺃﻻ ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺪﻋﻢ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺘﺤﻮﻝ ﳌﺼﻠﺤﺔ ﺇﻳﺮﺍﻧﻴﺔ ﻭﻟﻴﺲ‬ ‫ — ﳌﺼﻠﺤﺔ ﻋﺮﺍﻗﻴﺔ؟‬Couldn’t this support end up

‫ ﹸﺩﻭﻻﺭ‬n. pl. -aat dollar ‫ ﻓﺎﺿﻄﺮﺭﻧﺎ ﺍﱃ‬،‫ ﺩﻭﻻﺭﺍ‬٧٥ ‫ﻭﺻﻞ ﺳﻌﺮ ﺍﻟﱪﻣﻴﻞ ﺍﱃ‬ ￯‫ — ﺭﻓﻊ ﺍﺳﻌﺎﺭ ﺍﳌﺸﺘﻘﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻄﻴﺔ ﻣﺮﺓ ﺍﺧﺮ‬The

benefiting Iran and not Iraq? 93 | 10286 |

price of oil reached seventy-five dollars, so we were forced to raise the prices of oil derivatives

405

once again

thing; so-and-so

‫ﺃﻳﻪ ﺍﳉﲈﻝ ﺩﻩ ﻭﺍﷲ ﻣﺴﻤﻌﺘﺶ ﺣﺎﺟﺔ ﻗﺒﻞ ﻛﺪﻩ ﺯﻱ ﺍﳉﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺩﻱ‬What is all this beauty, by God I’ve never

94 | 10209 |

400

‫ ﺇﻳﻪ‬/’ee/ (Egy.) interrog. what; n. ‫ ﺍﻹﻳﻪ‬/il-’ee/ the

‫ ﺑﹺﻨﺎﺀ‬vn. building, constructing, erecting; n. building, structure, edifice; ‫ ﺑﹺﻨﺎ ﹰﺀ ﻋﲆ‬based

heard anything like this sentence before 90 | 10586 |

on, according to

‫ﻫﻞ ﺳﺘﺆﻳﺪ ﺻﺪﻭﺭ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﻣﻮﺣﺪ ﻟﺒﻨﺎﺀ ﺍﳌﺴﺎﺟﺪ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺍﻟﻜﻨﺎﺋﺲ؟‬Would you support a unified law

401

402

406

‫ ﻭﻳﻦ‬/ween/ (Lev.Irq.Gul.) interrog. where; ‫ﻟﻮﻳﻦ‬ (Lev. /la-ween/, Irq. /li-ween/) to what place, to

for building mosques and churches?

where; (with pron.)

97 | 9894 |

have you been?

‫ ﻭﻳﻨﻚ‬/ween-ak/ where

‫ ﻓﺎﳌﻮﺍﻃﻦ ﻣﻦ ﻭﻳﻦ ﺑﺪﻩ‬،‫ﺑﻴﻘﻮﻝ ﻟﻚ ﺍﻟﺒﻨﺰﻳﻦ ﺯﺍﺩ ﻋﻠﻴﻜﻢ‬ ‫ — ﳚﻴﺐ؟ ﻃﻴﺐ ﺍﺭﻓﻌﻮﺍ ﻟﻨﺎ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﺍﺗﺐ ﺷﻮﻱ‬He’s

‫ ﹶﻃ ﹺﺮﻳ ﹶﻘﺔ‬n. method, procedure, way ‫— ﻟﻴﺲ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻠﻴﺎﻗﺔ ﺃﻥ ﺗﺘﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﻊ ﺻﺪﻳﻘﻰ ﲠﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻄﺮﻳﻘﺔ‬

telling you that gas has gone up on you, where

It is not appropriate for you to deal with my

is the regular guy going to get it from? OK, so

friend in that manner

raise our salaries for us a bit

99 | 9727 |

65 | 14746 |

‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻋ ﹶﲆ‬elat. fem. ‫ ﹸﻋ ﹾﻠﻴﺎ‬higher/highest; adj. advanced, superior; ‫ ﺃﻋﹾﻼ ﹸﻩ‬above (mentioned), aforementioned

‫ﺩﻓﻌﻪ ﺩﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻷﻋﲆ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﻭﺍﺳﺘﻄﺎﻉ ﳎﺪ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ — ﳚﻠﺲ ﰱ ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺎﻳﺔ ﻓﻮﻕ ﺍﻟﺴﻮﺭ‬Dumyan pushed

407

‫ ﻣ ﹺ‬source ‫ ﹶﻣ ﹾﺼﺪﹶ ﺭ‬n. pl. ‫ﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤﺖ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻥ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺼﺎﺩﺭ ﻣﻄﻠﻌﺔ ﺃﻥ ﲢﺮﻳﺮ‬ ‫— ﺳﻌﺮ ﻭﻗﻮﺩ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺳﻴﺘﻢ ﺗﻨﻔﻴﺬﻩ ﳖﺎﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ‬ The Al-Bayan newspaper learned from informed sources that floating the price

him even higher and Magd Al-Din was able to

of car fuel will be implemented at the end

sit, in the end, on top of the wall

of the year

97 | 9854 |

89 | 10701 |

46

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

408

dragged out of her, and that everything that was

‫ ﺑﹺﺪﺍ ﹶﻳﺔ‬n. pl. -aat beginning, start; starting point; ‫ ﺑﹺﺪﺍﻳﺎﺕ‬origins, early history ‫ ﺛﻢ‬،‫ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺧﻄﻮﲥﺎ ﺛﻘﻴﻠﺔ ﻣﱰﺩﺩﺓ ﰱ ﺍﻟﺒﺪﺍﻳﺔ‬ ‫— ﺍﻧﺘﻈﻤﺖ ﻭﺍﻛﺘﺴﺒﺖ ﺇﻳﻘﺎﻋﺎ ﺭﺻﻴﻨﺎ ﻣﻔﻌﲈ ﺑﺎﳌﻌﺎﻧﻰ‬

happening was not real

Her steps were heavy and hesitant in the

90 | 10546 |

beginning, and then they became more

‫ ﹶﺣﺪﹶ ﹶ‬v. I (u) to happen, occur, take place ‫ﺙ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﲢﺲ ﺑﺄﻥ ﺭﻭﺣﻬﺎ ﻣﺴﺤﻮﺑﺔ ﻭﺑﺄﻥ ﻛﻞ ﻣﺎ ﳛﺪﺙ‬ ‫ — ﻏﲑ ﺣﻘﻴﻘﻰ‬She felt that her soul was being

415

regular and took on a steady rhythm full 409

‫ ﹶﻟ ﹾﺤ ﹶﻈﺔ‬n. pl. ‫ﳊﻈﺎﺕ‬ ‫ ﹶ ﹶ‬moment, instant ‫— ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﲢﺒﻪ ﰱ ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﻟﻠﺤﻈﺔ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺃ￯ ﻭﻗﺖ ﻣﴣ‬

of purpose 99 | 9185 |

She loved him at that moment more than any time in the past

416

410

411

‫ ﹶﺟﻨﹸﻮﺏ‬n. south, southern part; ‫ﹶﺟﻨﹸﻮﺑ ﹰﺎ‬ southward

99 | 9522 |

‫ﺍﻟﻘﻮﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﱪﻳﻄﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﺗﻄﺎﺭﺩ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺸﻴﺎﺕ ﻋﺪﺓ ﰲ‬ ‫ﺟﻨﻮﺏ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺍﻕ ﻣﺪﻋﻮﻣﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ ﻗﻮﺍﺕ ﺍﳊﺮﺱ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺜﻮﺭﻱ ﺍﻹﻳﺮﺍﲏ‬The British forces are

‫ ﹸﻓ ﹾﺮ ﹶﺻﺔ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﻓ ﹶﺮﺹ‬chance, opportunity ‫ﺍﻛﺪﻭﺍ ﺍﳘﻴﺔ ﺣﻖ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﺎﺏ ﰲ ﺍﳊﺼﻮﻝ ﻋﲆ ﻓﺮﺹ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻻﺳﺎﳼ‬They stressed the importance of the

pursuing several militias in the south of

right of young people to obtain basic

Iraq, supported by forces of the Iranian

educational opportunities

Revolutionary Guard

99 | 9470 |

96 | 9470 |

‫ ﹺ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃﻧ ﹺﹾﺪﻳﺔ‬club, association ‫ﻧﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻷﻋﻼﻡ ﺍﳊﻤﺮﺍﺀ ﲢﺘﻔﻞ ﺑﻔﻮﺯ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺩﻱ ﺍﻷﻫﲇ‬ ‫ — ﰲ ﻣﺒﺎﺭﺍﺓ ﻟﻜﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﻡ‬These red flags

417

￯‫ ﹶﺩ ﹶﺭ‬v. I (i) to know, be aware of sth or ‫ ﺏ‬sth ‫ ﹶﺃ ﱠ‬that; ‫ ﻣﺎﺩﺭﻱ‬and ‫ ﻣﺪﺭﻱ‬/ma-dri/ (Gul.Irq.) or ‫ﻥ‬ I don’t know

a soccer match

‫ﻟﺬﻟﻚ ﺣﺘﻰ ﻗﻄﺮ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺩﻋﺖ ﻟﻌﻘﺪ ﺍﳉﻠﺴﺔ ﺗﺪﺭﻱ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ‬ ‫ — ﻣﻦ ﻏﲑﻫﺎ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻻ ﺟﺪﻭ￯ ﻣﻦ ﺫﻟﻚ‬Therefore even

95 | 9733 |

Qatar, which called for holding the session,

celebrate the victory of the Ahli Club in

knows more than others that there is no use 412

‫ﻮﻣﺔ‬ ‫ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻌ ﹸﻠ ﹶ‬n. item of information, piece of data; pl. ‫ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻌ ﹸﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‬information, data ‫ — ﻫﺬﻩ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺔ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﺓ ﻣﺎ ﻛﻨﺖ ﺃﻋﺮﻓﻬﺎ‬This is a new piece of information I didn’t know

in that 97 | 9258 | +spo

418

‫ ﹶﺩﻋﺎ‬v. I (u) to call ‫ ﺇﱃ‬for sth; to call (upon) ‫ ﺇﱃ‬to do sth; to invite sb ‫ ﺇﱃ‬to or to

sb

97 | 9494 |

do sth 413

‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺑﻴﺸﺎﻭﺭ ﻭﻻﻫﻮﺭ ﻳﺆﻳﺪﻭﻥ ﳏﻤﺪ ﻋﲆ‬ ‫— ﺟﻨﺎﺡ ﺍﻟﺬ￯ ﻳﺪﻋﻮ ﻻﻧﻔﺼﺎﻝ ﺑﺎﻛﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﻋﻦ ﺍﳍﻨﺪ‬

‫ ﹶﻫ ﹾﻴﺌﹶﺔ‬n. pl. -aat agency, organization; outward appearance, look

‫ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺏ ﰲ ﺍﳍﻴﺌﺔ ﺳﺖ ﺩﻭﻝ ﻓﻘﻂ ﻣﻦ ﺳﺒﻊ ﻭﲬﺴﲔ ﺩﻭﻟﺔ‬

414

The Muslims from Peshawar and Lahore

— The Arabs in the organization are six states

support Muhammad Ali Janah who calls for

only, out of fifty-seven states

the separation of Pakistan from India

95 | 9595 |

89 | 10054 |

‫ ﹺﻗ ﱠﺼﺔ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹺﻗ ﹶﺼﺺ‬story, tale ‫ ﻭﻟﻜﻦ ﳚﺐ ﺗﻜﻤﻠﺔ‬،‫ﺫﻟﻚ ﺑﺴﺒﺐ ﻧﻘﺺ ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻘﺼﺔ ﻃﺒﻘﺎ ﻟﻠﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﺘﺎﺣﺔ‬That is because

419

‫ ﹸﻣﺒﺎﺭﺍﺓ‬n. pl. ‫ﺒﺎﺭﻳﺎﺕ‬ ‫ ﹸﻣ ﹶ‬game, match, bout;

competition

of a lack of information, but the story needs to

‫ﻻ ﺗﺘﺨﻴﲇ ﻓﺮﺣﺘﻲ ﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﻋﻠﻤﺖ ﺍﻥ ﺯﻭﺟﻲ ﻟﻦ ﻳﺸﺎﻫﺪ‬ ‫ — ﻣﺒﺎﺭﻳﺎﺕ ﻛﺄﺱ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﱂ‬You can’t imagine my joy

be completed according to the information

when I found out that my husband would not

available

watch the World Cup matches

99 | 9186 |

90 | 9985 |

Frequency index

420

‫ ﹶ‬approx. ‫ ﺗ ﹶ‬v. VI to be exalted (God); ‫ﹶﻌﺎﱃ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗ ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶﻌﺎﱃ‬

426

God said (used when quoting the Qur]an);

‫ﺗ ﹺ‬, pl. ‫ )ﺗﹶﻌﺎ ﹸﻟﻮﺍ‬come! ‫( ﺗ ﹾ‬fem. ‫ﹶﻌﺎﱄ‬ ‫ﹶﻌﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺗ ﹾﹶﻊ‬, fem. ‫)ﺗ ﹺﹶﻌﻲ‬ ‫— ﻻ ﻳﻮﺟﺪ ﻣﻦ ﻳﺴﺎﻋﺪﲏ ﻏﲑ ﺍﷲ ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ ﻭﺗﻌﺎﱃ‬ (imperat.)

let’s...; (Lev. shortened to

422

announced a state of emergency more than thirty years ago

He be praised and exalted

89 | 9920 |

‫ ﺇﹺﺫ‬conj. as, since, seeing that; while, ‫ ﺇﹺﺫ ﹶﺃ ﱠ‬since, given that when; ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﺪ ﺗﻮﺍﺟﻪ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﱪﳌﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﺍﳉﺪﻳﺪﺓ ﺍﺯﻣﺎﺕ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻴﺔ ﳑﻜﻨﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺇﺫ ﻳﴫ ﻋﺪﺩ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﻮﺍﺏ ﻋﲆ ﻣﺴﺎﺀﻟﺔ ﻭﺯﺭﺍﺀ‬The

427

‫ﺍﻻﻋﲈﻝ ﺍﻻﺭﻫﺎﺑﻴﺔ ﺍﻻﺟﺮﺍﻣﻴﺔ ﻻ ﲤﺜﻞ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻢ ﺍﻻﺭﺩﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻻﺭﺩﻥ ﻳﻘﻒ ﺃﺑﻨﺎﺅﻩ ﻣﱰﺍﺻﲔ ﺻﻔﺎ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﺍ ﺧﻠﻒ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﳍﺎﺷﻤﻴﺔ‬Criminal terrorist acts do

new Parliamentary session may face possible

not represent Jordanian values, since Jordan’s

political crises, since a number of deputies

people stand tightly in a single rank behind the

insist on questioning ministers

Hashemite leadership

89 | 10000 |

98 | 9002 |

‫ ﺍﹺ ﹾﻋ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻘﺪﹶ‬v. VIII to believe ‫ ﰲ‬in sth, or ‫ﺑﹺ ﹶﺄ ﱠﻥ‬/‫ﹶﺃ ﱠﻥ‬

428

players after the expulsion of Javi Navarro (24)

law or legislation that forbids torture in the

and Maresca (86)

prisons

91 | 9647 |

‫ﺑﹺ ﹶﺤ ﹶﺴ ﹺ‬, and ‫ﺐ‬ ‫ﻋﹶﲆ ﹶﺣ ﹶﺴ ﹺ‬ ‫ ﹶﺣ ﹶﺴﺐ‬n. ‫ﺐ‬ ‫ ﹶﺣ ﹶﺴ ﹶ‬, ß‫ﺐ‬

429

￯‫ ﹶﺃ ﱠﺩ‬v. II to cause, produce ‫ ﺇﱃ‬sth; to lead, direct, guide ‫ ﺏ‬sb ‫ ﺇﱃ‬to; to perform (function), to carry out (duty, mission); to take

according to

‫ﳚﺐ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻀﻊ ﺍﻟﺮﺋﻴﺲ ﺍﺳﱰﺍﺗﻴﺠﻴﺔ ﺍﳋﺮﻭﺝ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺍﻕ‬ ‫ — ﺑﺤﺴﺐ ﺭﺃﻱ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻴﻔﺔ‬The president must put

(test, oath)

‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﳍﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺪﺍﺭ ﺛﻼﺛﺔ ﺃﺑﻮﺍﺏ ﺗﺆﺩﻱ ﺇﱃ ﺷﻮﺍﺭﻉ ﻭﺃﺳﻮﺍﻕ‬ ‫ — ﳐﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬This house had three doors which lead

in place an exit strategy from Iraq according to

425

‫ ﹺ‬n. pl. -uun player, athlete; a.p. playing ‫ﻻﻋﺐ‬ (٢٤) ‫ﻟﻌﺐ ﺍﺷﺒﻴﻠﻴﺔ ﺑﺘﺴﻌﺔ ﻻﻋﺒﲔ ﺑﻌﺪ ﻃﺮﺩ ﺧﺎﰲ ﻧﺎﻓﺎﺭﻭ‬ (٨٦) ‫ — ﻭﻣﺎﺭﻳﺴﻜﺎ‬Seville played with nine

‫ﻧﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﺃﻧﻪ ﺑﺤﺎﺟﺔ ﺇﱃ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺃﻭ ﺗﴩﻳﻊ ﻳﻤﻨﻊ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺬﻳﺐ ﰲ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻮﻥ‬We believe that it is in need of a

97 | 9201 |

424

‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ ﻗ ﹶ‬n. pl. ‫ ﻗ ﹶﻴﻢ‬value, worth; importance; ‫ﻗ ﹶﻴﻢ‬

values, morals, ethics

that

423

‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻋ ﹶﻠ ﹶﻦ‬v. IV to announce, declare, proclaim (‫)ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ ﹶﺃ ﱠ‬that sth or ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺑﻼﺩ ﻋﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﺃﻋﻠﻨﺖ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ ﻃﻮﺍﺭﺉ ﻣﻨﺬ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ — ﺛﻼﺛﲔ ﺳﻨﺔ‬There are Arab countries which

There is no one to help me except God, may 99 | 9087 |

421

47

the opinion of the newspaper

to various streets and markets

98 | 9079 |

92 | 9519 |

‫ ﺩ ﹺ‬minute ‫ ﹶﺩ ﹺﻗﻴ ﹶﻘﺔ‬n. pl. ‫ﻗﺎﺋﻖ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ﻭﻣﺎ ﻫﻲ ﺍﻻ ﺩﻗﺎﺋﻖ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺗﻌﻮﺩ ﺍﻷﻣﻮﺭ ﺍﱃ ﻭﺿﻌﻬﺎ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﻌﻲ‬It was only a few minutes before

430

‫ ﻣﺎ ﱠﺩﺓ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﻣﻮﺍ ﹼﺩ‬substance, material; subject

matter, topic; (school) course, subject; article, paragraph; material things, money

matters returned to their natural state

‫— ﺍﺣﺘﻔﻈﺖ ﺑﺘﻘﺪﻳﺮ ﳑﺘﺎﺯ ﰱ ﻛﻞ ﺍﳌﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﺘﻰ ﺩﺭﺳﺘﻬﺎ‬

99 | 8932 |

I maintained excellent grades in every subject

‫ ﹶﻣﻠﹺﻚ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﻣ ﹸﻠﻮﻙ‬king; ‫( ﺍ ﹶﳌ ﹺﻠﻚ‬title) King ‫ﺍﺷﺎﺩ ﺍﻟﺮﻓﺎﻋﻲ ﺑﺎﳉﻬﻮﺩ ﺍﻟﺪﺅﻭﺑﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻳﺒﺬﳍﺎ ﺟﻼﻟﺔ ﺍﳌﻠﻚ‬ ‫ﺩﻓﺎﻋﺎ ﻋﻦ ﻗﻀﺎﻳﺎ ﺍﻻﻣﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﻟﺔ ﻭﰲ ﻃﻠﻴﻌﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻘﻀﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﻠﺴﻄﻴﻨﻴﺔ‬Al-Rafai praised the tireless efforts which His Majesty the King is exerting in

I studied 97 | 9026 |

431

‫ ﹶﺧ ﹼﻂ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﺧ ﹸﻄﻮﻁ‬line; phone line; air route; airline (company); handwriting; script, calligraphy

defense of the just issues of the Arab nation,

‫— ﻳﻌﻤﻠﻮﻥ ﰱ ﺧﻄﻮﻁ ﺍﻟﺴﻜﻚ ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺪﻳﺔ ﺟﻨﻮﺏ ﺍﳌﺪﻳﻨﺔ‬

and at their forefront, the Palestinian issue

They work in the railroad lines south of the city

97 | 9153 |

99 | 8830 |

48

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

432

‫ ﹶﻋ ﹾﺮﺽ‬n. pl. ‫ ﻋ ﹸﹸﺮﻭﺽ‬show, display, presentation;

438

offer, tender; width, breadth

￯‫ﻗﻮ‬ ￯‫ ﺍﻭ‬/’awi/ (Egy.) adv. a lot, very much,

(Gul.Irq.) serious, major, intense;

‫ﻭﺻﻤﺘﺖ ﺧﺎﻓﻀﺔ ﺭﺃﺳﻬﺎ ﺇﺫ ﱂ ﺗﺘﻮﻗﻊ ﻋﺮﺿﺎ ﻛﻬﺬﺍ ﺇﻃﻼﻗﺎ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺗﺎﺑﻊ ﺣﺪﻳﺜﻪ ﺩﻭﻥ ﺃﻱ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﻟﺮﺩﺓ ﻓﻌﻠﻬﺎ‬She was

and very

expected an exhibition like this at all, and he

‫ﺍﻧﺘﻬﻰ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺃﺑﺮﻳﻞ ﺑﻐﺎﺭﺓ ﻗﻮﻳﺔ ﻗﺘﻠﺖ ﺳﺘﲔ ﺷﺨﺼﺎ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺟﺮﺣﺖ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺎﺋﺔ‬April ended with

continued talking without any consideration of

a heavy raid which killed sixty people and

her reaction

wounded more than a hundred

99 | 8798 |

99 | 8637 |

silent, lowering her head, since she had not

433

‫ﻱ‬ ‫ ﹶﻗ ﹺﻮ ﹼ‬adj. strong, powerful; great;

‫ ﺭ ﹺ‬letter, missive; message, ‫ ﹺﺭﺳﺎ ﹶﻟﺔ‬n. pl. ‫ﺳﺎﺋﻞ‬ ‫ﹶ‬

communication; dissertation, thesis; pl. -aat

439

‫ ﹺﺣﻮﺍﺭ‬n. pl. -aat discussion, conversation, dialog, talk

mission, task

‫ﺑﺈﻣﻜﺎﻧﻨﺎ ﺃﻥ ﻧﻘﻮﻝ ﺃﻧﻨﺎ ﻣﺴﺘﻌﺪﻳﻦ ﻟﻠﺤﻮﺍﺭ ﻓﻮﺭ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻘﻮﻡ‬ ‫— ﲪﺎﺱ ﺑﺎﻟﻌﻮﺩﺓ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻻﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﻟﻌﺴﻜﺮﻱ‬

،‫ﺃﴍﻑ ﻋﲆ ﻋﴩﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﺎﺋﻞ ﻟﻠﲈﺟﺴﺘﲑ ﻭﺍﻟﺪﻛﺘﻮﺭﺍﻩ‬ ‫ — ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﺑﲔ ﺗﻼﻣﻴﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﴫﻳﲔ‬He

We can say that we are ready for dialog

supervised dozens of MA and PhD theses,

immediately after Hamas abandons the

and there were a number of Egyptians among

military coup

his students

97 | 8792 |

98 | 8844 |

434

‫ ﺍﹺﻧﹾﺘﹺﺨﺎﺏ‬n. pl. -aat election; selection ‫ﺑﻌﺪ ﻣﺮﻭﺭ ﻋﺎﻡ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﻪ ﻻ ﺗﺰﺍﻝ ﺷﻌﺒﻴﺔ ﺃﲪﺪﻱ ﻧﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫ — ﰲ ﺻﻌﻮﺩ ﻣﺴﺘﻤﺮ‬After the passage of

440

a year since his election, the popularity of

not want to get into politics, but that the

Ahmadinejad is still continually rising

popular reactions were clear

85 | 10144 |

435

‫ ﻫ ﹸﺆ ﹺ‬dem.pron. these (people) ‫ﻻﺀ‬ ٰ ‫ ﻓﻬﺆﻻﺀ‬،‫ﺃﻣﺎ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻳﻌﻤﻠﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺟﻞ ﻣﺼﺎﳊﻬﻢ ﻓﺤﺴﺐ‬ ‫ — ﻻ ﻳﺮﻳﺪﻭﻥ ﺑﺎﳌﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﺧﲑﺍ‬As for those who work

96 | 8870 |

441

world

good for society

99 | 8559 |

96 | 9044 |

‫ﹴ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﻨﻰ‬ ‫ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻌ ﹰ‬n. pl. ‫( ﹶﻣﻌﺎﻥ‬def. ‫ ) ﹶﻣﻌﺎﲏ‬sense, meaning, significance; concept, nuance; (Lev.) ‫ﹶﻣ ﹾﻌﻨﺎﺓ‬ (with pron.) ‫ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻌﻨﺎﺗﹸﻪ‬, ß‫ﲥﺎ‬ ‫ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻌﻨﺎ ﹾ‬its meaning ‫ﺇﻥ ﺇﻛﺮﺍﻡ ﺍﻷﻗﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻩ ﺍﻟﺼﻌﻮﺩ ﰲ ﺳﻠﻢ ﺍﳊﻀﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ — ﺃﻣﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﱂ‬Honoring minorities means

442

‫ ﻟﹺـ‬conj. (with foll. subjunctive) in order to, ‫ ﻟﹺ ﹶﻴﻜ ﹶ‬for him/it to be... so that; ‫ﹸﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﻭﻗﻊ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭﻱ ﻋﲆ ﺃﺧﻴﻜﻢ ﺃﺩﻫﻢ ﻟﻴﺪﻳﺮ ﺍﻟﻮﻗﻒ ﲢﺖ‬ ‫ — ﺇﴍﺍﰲ‬My choice has fallen on your brother, Adham, to direct the Endowment under my

rising on the cultural ladder in front of

supervision

the world

97 | 8710 |

99 | 8629 |

437

‫ ﹸﻟﻐﹶﺔ‬n. pl. -aat language ‫— ﺍﻟﺮﻳﺎﺿﺔ ﺃﺻﺒﺤﺖ ﻫﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺮﺑﻂ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﱂ‬ Sports became the language that links the

only for their own interests, they do not desire

436

‫ ﹶﺭ ﹼﺩ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﺭ ﹸﺩﻭﺩ‬response, reply; ‫ ﹶﺭ ﹼﺩ ﻓﹺ ﹾﻌ ﹴﻞ‬reaction ‫ﻗﺎﻟﺖ ﺍﳖﺎ ﻻ ﲢﺐ ﺍﳋﻮﺽ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﺔ ﺍﻻ ﺍﻥ ﺭﺩﻭﺩ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻻﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺒﻴﺔ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻭﺍﺿﺤﺔ‬She said she did

‫ ﹸﻧ ﹾﻘ ﹶﻄﺔ‬n. pl. ‫ ﻧﹺﻘﺎﻁ‬point, dot; location, position ‫ﺃﻭﻝ ﻣﻦ ﻭﺿﻊ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺎﻁ ﻓﻮﻕ ﺍﳊﺮﻭﻑ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﻫﻮ ﻧﴫ ﺑﻦ‬ ‫ — ﻋﺎﺻﻢ‬The first person to put dots over the

443

‫ ﹶﺑ ﹶﻠﻎﹶ‬v. I (u) to reach, arrive at, attain sth; ‫ ﹶﺃ ﱠﻥ‬that ‫ﻟﻘﺪ ﺑﻠﻐﺖ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺩﺳﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺜﻼﺛﲔ ﻭﱂ ﺗﻌﺶ ﻗﻂ ﻛﲈ ﺃﺭﺍﺩﺕ‬ to come to sb (i.e. to hear)

— She had reached thirty-six years old, and

Arabic letters was Nasr bin Asim

she had not lived at all like she had wanted

98 | 8743 |

89 | 9476 |

Frequency index

444

‫ ﹺﺳ ﹾﻌﺮ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺳﻌﺎﺭ‬price, cost, rate ‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﺜﲑ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﻗﺪ ﺗﻮﻗﻊ ﺃﻥ ﺗﺴﺘﻤﺮ ﺃﺳﻌﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻂ ﰲ‬ ‫ ﺩﻭﻻﺭﺍ ﻟﻠﱪﻣﻴﻞ‬٥٠ ‫— ﺍﻻﻧﺨﻔﺎﺽ ﻟﺘﺼﻞ ﺇﱃ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ‬

451

Many of them had expected that the price

proud of the High Dam and we hope it will have a long life

50 dollars a barrel

98 | 8580 |

‫ ﹶﺣ ﹶﺼ ﹶﻞ‬v. I (u) to get, obtain, acquire ‫ ﻋﲆ‬sth ‫ﳌﺎ ﻛﱪ ﻭﲣﺮﺝ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳉﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﻛﺎﻥ ﳛﻠﻢ ﺑﺄﻥ ﳛﺼﻞ ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ — ﻋﻤﻞ ﻭﻳﺘﺰﻭﺝ ﻭﺗﺄﺗﻴﻪ ﺑﻨﺖ ﺻﻐﲑﺓ‬When he grew

452

symptoms of the illness as a result of the blueness of her skin and her difficulty breathing

dreamed that he would get a job and marry

99 | 8490 |

96 | 8769 |

453

‫ ﹶﺃ ﹶﻗ ﹼﻞ‬elat. less/least, smaller/smallest, lower/ lowest; n. minimum

447

448

bring them men of religion and psychology

At least I want him to contact me by telephone

experts to speak with them so that their fear of

once a day

facing death will dissipate

99 | 8481 |

95 | 8852 |

‫ ﹶﻗ ﱠﻞ‬v. I (i) to be less (‫ ﻋﻦ‬than), decrease, diminish ١٠ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻔﻴﻨﺔ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺑﻌﻴﺪﺓ ﻋﻦ ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﳌﻨﻄﻘﺔ ﺑﲈ ﻻ ﻳﻘﻞ ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ — ﺃﻣﻴﺎﻝ ﺑﺤﺮﻳﺔ‬The ship was far from this area,

454

‫ ﹶﺃ ﹶﻫ ﹼﻢ‬elat. more/most important ‫ﻣﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﺱ ﺗﻌﺘﱪ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻫﻢ ﺍﳌﺪﻥ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﱂ ﺑﺤﻜﻢ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻻﳘﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻘﺎﺋﺪﻳﺔ ﻟﻠﺪﻳﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﲈﻭﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﻼﺙ‬The

not less than 10 nautical miles

city of Jerusalem is considered to be one of the

91 | 9296 |

most important cities in the world on account of its creedal importance to the three heavenly

‫ ﲤﹶ ﺎﻡ‬adj. exact; complete; good, fine; ‫ﹶﲤﺎﻣ ﹰﺎ‬ ،‫ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺃﻧﻮﺍﺭ ﺍﳌﺪﺭﺳﺔ ﺗﻄﻔﺄ ﰲ ﲤﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﻋﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺳﻌﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﻠﻴﻞ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺗﺼﻤﺖ ﺍﻷﺻﻮﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﻴﻠﺔ ﺍﳌﻀﻄﺮﺑﺔ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺫﻟﻚ‬The

religions 98 | 8546 |

455

‫ ﹸﺑﺪﹼ‬n. avoidance, escape; ‫ ﻻ ﹸﺑﺪﱠ ﹺﻣﻦ‬there is

lights of the school were turned off at exactly

no avoiding, escaping (it’s necessary, it’s

nine at night, and the few troubled voices went

inevitable)

silent after that

‫ ﻻ ﺑﺪ ﳍﺎ ﺃﻥ ﺗﺴﺘﻤﺮ‬..‫— ﺍﳊﻴﺎﺓ ﻻ ﺗﺘﻮﻗﻒ ﺃﺑﺪﺍ ﺃﻣﺎﻡ ﳾﺀ‬

99 | 8523 |

Life does not stop for anything...it has to go on

‫ ﹶﺻﺒﺎﺡ‬n. morning; ‫ ﹶﺻﺒﺎﺣ ﹰﺎ‬in the morning ‫ ﻭﻟﺪﻱ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﻏﺪﺍ ﰱ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻌﺔ ﺻﺒﺎﺣﺎ‬،‫ﱂ ﺃﻧﻢ ﻣﻨﺬ ﺍﻷﻣﺲ‬ — I haven’t slept since yesterday, and I have an operation tomorrow at seven in the morning 98 | 8524 |

450

‫ ﺗ ﹶﹶﺤﺪﱠ ﹶ‬v. V to speak ‫ﻣﻊ‬/‫ ﺇﱃ‬to/with sb; to ‫ﺙ‬ discuss ‫( ﻋﻦ‬a topic) ‫ﳛﴬﻭﻥ ﳍﻢ ﺭﺟﺎﻝ ﺩﻳﻦ ﻭﳐﺘﺼﲔ ﻧﻔﺴﻴﲔ ﻳﺘﺤﺪﺛﻮﻥ‬ ‫ — ﻣﻌﻬﻢ ﺣﺘﻰ ﻳﺰﻭﻝ ﺧﻮﻓﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻬﺔ ﺍﳌﻮﺕ‬They

‫— ﻋﲆ ﺍﻷﻗﻞ ﺃﺭﻳﺪﻩ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺘﺼﻞ ﰊ ﺗﻠﻴﻔﻮﻧﻴﺎ ﻣﺮﺓ ﻛﻞ ﻳﻮﻡ‬

exactly; completely, totally

449

‫ ﹶﻣ ﹶﺮﺽ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻣﺮﺍﺽ‬illness, disease ‫ﺍﻛﺘﺸﻒ ﻭﺍﻟﺪﺍﻫﺎ ﺃﻋﺮﺍﺽ ﺍﳌﺮﺽ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﺔ ﺯﺭﻗﺔ ﺟﻠﺪﻫﺎ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺻﻌﻮﺑﺔ ﺗﻨﻔﺴﻬﺎ‬Her parents discovered the

up and graduated from the university, he and have a small girl

446

‫ ﺗ ﹶﹶﻤﻨﱠﻰ‬v. V to wish ‫ ﻝ‬sb (happiness, success); ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾ‬that to hope ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ — ﻧﻔﺘﺨﺮ ﺑﺎﻟﺴﺪ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﱄ ﻭﻧﺘﻤﻨﻰ ﻟﻪ ﻃﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺮ‬We are

of oil would continue to fall to reach around 96 | 8806 |

445

49

‫ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻮ ﹸﺟﻮﺩ‬adj. existing, found, located; present ‫ — ﻣﺎ ﺍﻟﻔﻴﺘﺎﻣﻴﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﻮﺟﻮﺩﺓ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺒﺼﻞ؟‬What are the

98 | 8543 |

456

‫ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻌ ﹶﻞ‬v. I (a) to do sth ‫ﻫﻞ ﻳﻌﺘﱪ ﺃﻥ ﳍﺬﻩ ﺍﳊﻜﻮﻣﺔ ﺇﻧﺠﺎﺯﺍﺕ ﺃﻡ ﻛﻞ ﻣﺎ ﻓﻌﻠﺘﻪ‬ ‫— ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳊﻜﻮﻣﺔ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻡ ﻫﻲ ﺇﺧﻔﺎﻗﺎﺕ ﻣﺘﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ؟‬ Does he consider that this government has accomplishments, or is everything this government has done until today consecutive

vitamins which are present in onions?

failures?

98 | 8547 |

90 | 9309 |

50

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

457

‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﺐ‬ ‫ ﹶﻃ ﹶﻠ ﹶ‬v. I (u) to request, ask for sth (‫ ﻣﻦ‬from

464

for sth; to seek, look for sth; to dial, press

‫— ﲡﺮﺑﺔ ﺯﻭﺟﻲ ﰲ ﻣﺜﻞ ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﻷﻭﺿﺎﻉ ﺳﺎﻋﺪﺗﻨﺎ ﻛﺜﲑﺍ‬

(number on a phone)

My husband’s experience in circumstances such

‫ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﻳﻄﻠﺐ ﻣﻦ ﻛﻞ ﻣﻮﺍﻃﻦ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺘﺠﺴﺲ ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳌﻮﺍﻃﻦ ﺍﻵﺧﺮ‬This law asks each citizen to

as these helped me a lot 98 | 8453 |

spy on other citizens 99 | 8391 |

458

465

‫ ﹺﺻ ﱠﺤﺔ‬n. health, wellness; authenticity, truth; ‫ ﺻﺤﺘﲔ‬/SaHteen/ (Lev.) interj. bon appétit! ‫ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﻣﺆﴍﺍﺕ ﺗﺪﻝ ﻋﲆ ﺻﺤﺔ ﻣﻮﻗﻒ ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬ ‫— ﺍﳌﴫﻱ ﻭﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﻋﲆ ﺳﺒﻴﻞ ﺍﳌﺜﺎﻝ ﺍﺭﺗﻔﺎﻉ ﻣﻌﺪﻝ ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻮ‬

years ago, and therefore his name is not known to many of the people of Riyadh 97 | 8472 |

of the Egyptian economy, and among them, for example, is the rise in the rate of growth

to be located

‫( ﹴ‬def. ‫ )ﺗﺎﱄ‬adj. following, subsequent; ‫ﺗﺎﻝ‬ ‫ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﺎﱄ‬therefore, consequently ‫ ﺳﺄﻟﺖ ﺳﺪﻳﻢ ﻃﺎﻫﺮ ﻋﻦ‬،‫ﰲ ﺃﻭﻝ ﺃﻳﺎﻡ ﺍﻷﺳﺒﻮﻉ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﱄ‬ ‫ — ﺻﺪﻳﻘﻪ ﻓﺮﺍﺱ‬On the first days of the

his house is located?

friend Firas

99 | 8421 |

466

‫ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹶﻊ‬v. I (a) to fall down; to take place;

following week, I asked Sadim Tahir about his

‫ — ﻫﻞ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﲔ ﺃﻳﻦ ﻳﻘﻊ ﺑﻴﺘﻪ؟‬Do you know where

97 | 8475 |

99 | 8415 |

460

461

‫ﻑ‬ ‫ ﹶﺳ ﹾﻮ ﹶ‬part. (future) will, shall ‫ﺭﺳﺎﺋﻠﻜﻢ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻹﻳﻤﻴﻞ ﺳﻮﻑ ﺗﺬﻫﺐ ﻣﺒﺎﴍﺓ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﺰﻣﻴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺳﻤﲑﺓ ﰲ ﻏﺮﻓﺔ ﺍﻻﺗﺼﺎﻻﺕ‬You email letters

467

public, public opinion

‫ﻻ ﻳﺰﺍﻝ ﻳﺬﻛﺮ ﺍﻟﻔﺘﻰ ﻫﻴﺲ ﻭﻫﻮ ﰱ ﺍﳋﺎﻣﺴﺔ ﻋﴩﺓ ﻳﻤﺸﻰ‬ ‫ — ﰱ ﺷﻮﺍﺭﻉ ﺍﻟﺒﻠﺪﺓ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﳊﺮﺏ ﺍﻷﻭﱃ‬He still

communications room

remembers the boy Hess when he was fifteen

88 | 9471 |

years old walking in the streets of the town before World War I

‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻳ ﹶﻦ‬interrog. where ‫ ﻓﺄﻳﻦ ﻛﻨﺖ؟‬،‫ — ﱂ ﺃﺭﻙ ﻣﻨﺬ ﺯﻣﻦ ﺑﻌﻴﺪ‬I haven’t seen you for a long time, where have you been?

98 | 8360 |

468

‫ ﹺ‬adj. necessary, required; needed; (Dia.) ‫ﻻﺯﻡ‬ ‫ ﹺ‬I need, ‫ﻻﺯ ﹾﻣﻨﹺﻲ‬

were residing was exposed to gunfire that did

have to, should

not result in any injuries

‫ ﻳﻌﻨﻰ‬،‫ ﻭﺍﻟﻜﻮﺑﺮ￯ ﻣﻔﺘﻮﺡ ﻟﻠﻤﺮﺍﻛﺐ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻜﻬﺮﺑﺎﺀ ﺍﻧﻘﻄﻌﺖ‬ ‫ — ﻻﺯﻡ ﻧﻨﺘﻈﺮ‬The electricity was cut off while

98 | 8346 |

the bridge was open for ships, meaning we have to wait 97 | 8549 |

‫ ﻧﺎﺭ‬fem.n. pl. ‫ ﻧﹺﲑﺍﻥ‬fire; gunfire; hellfire ‫ﺗﻌﺮﺽ ﻓﻨﺪﻕ ﻳﻘﻴﻢ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻟﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳊﻜﻮﻣﺔ ﺍﻻﻧﺘﻘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺇﱃ ﺇﻃﻼﻕ ﻧﺎﺭ ﺩﻭﻥ ﻭﻗﻮﻉ ﺇﺻﺎﺑﺎﺕ‬A hotel in which officials of the transitional government

(modal verb) must, should;

463

‫ ﹶﺷ ﹺ‬street; (fig.) ‫ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺭﻉ‬the ‫ ﹺ‬n. pl. ‫ﻮﺍﺭﻉ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﺭﻉ‬

will go directly to our colleague Samira in the

89 | 9321 |

462

‫ ﻟﹺ ٰﺬﻟﹺ ﹶ‬conj. therefore ‫ﻚ‬ ‫ ﻭﻟﺬﻟﻚ‬،‫ﺃﺑﻮﻫﺎ ﱂ ﻳﺴﺘﻘﺮ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺒﻠﺪ ﺳﻮ￯ ﻣﻦ ﺳﻨﻮﺍﺕ ﻗﻠﻴﻠﺔ‬ ‫— ﻓﺈﻥ ﺍﺳﻤﻪ ﻏﲑ ﻣﻌﺮﻭﻑ ﻟﻠﻜﺜﲑﻳﻦ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﺮﻳﺎﺽ‬ Her father only settled in the country a few

There are indications which point to the health

459

‫ ﺯ ﹾﹶﻭﺝ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃﺯﹾ ﻭﺍﺝ‬spouse; husband; ‫ﺯﹶ ﹾﻭﺟﺎﻥ‬ married couple

sb); to apply for sth; to order, place an order

469

‫ ﹶﻋ ﹺﺪﻳﺪ‬n. large number, large quantity; adj. numerous, many

‫ﻗﺎﻡ ﺑﺮﺣﻼﺕ ﻋﺪﻳﺪﺓ ﻟﻼﺭﺽ ﺍﳌﻘﺪﺳﺔ ﺁﺧﺮﻫﺎ ﺍﴍﺍﻓﻪ‬ ‫ — ﻭﻣﺮﺍﻗﺒﺘﻪ ﻟﻼﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﻠﺴﻄﻴﻨﻴﺔ‬He made

‫ﹶﻌﺎﻭﻥ‬ ‫ ﺗ ﹸ‬n. cooperation ‫— ﳚﺐ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺗﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﺑﲔ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻝ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ‬

numerous trips to the Holy Land, the last of

There has to be cooperation among the Arab

which was (for) his supervision and monitoring

states

of the Palestinian elections

85 | 9755 |

88 | 9291 |

Frequency index

470

‫ ﹶﺻ ﱠﲆ‬v. II to pray; to worship; to say a prayer ‫ ﻋﲆ‬for sb ‫ — ﻗﻤﺖ ﻭﺗﻮﺿﺄﺕ ﻭﺻﻠﻴﺖ‬I got up, did my

‫ — ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻖ ﺍﻟﻘﻤﻴﺺ ﺑﺠﺴﺪﻩ ﻟﺪﺭﺟﺔ ﻛﺎﺩﺕ ﺗﺆﳌﻪ‬The

ablutions, and prayed

98 | 8282 |

shirt clung to his body so much that it started to hurt him

97 | 8403 |

471

‫ ﻓﹺﻜ ﹶﹾﺮﺓ‬n. idea, concept, notion (‫ ﻋﻦ‬about); ‫ﻋ ﹶﹶﲆ‬ ‫( ﻓﹺﻜ ﹶﹾﺮﺓ‬Dia. ‫ )ﻋ ﹺﹶﻔﻜ ﹶﹾﺮﺓ‬by the way, now that you

474

‫ ﺇﱃ ﹺ‬et cetera; ‫ﺁﺧﺮ ﹰﺍ‬ ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹺﺧﲑ ﹰﺍ ﻭ ﹶﻟﻴﺲ ﹺ‬last but ‫ﺁﺧ ﹺﺮ ﹺﻩ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹾ ﹶ‬

mention it

not least

wasn’t enthusiastic about the idea of the

try after that to turn behind me to see for the

communiqué, but after that I found it to be

last time that scene which will never again be

excellent

repeated

99 | 8227 |

98 | 8267 |

‫ﱂ ﺃﺣﺎﻭﻝ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺃﻥ ﺃﻟﺘﻔﺖ ﺧﻠﻔﻲ ﻷﺷﺎﻫﺪ ﻵﺧﺮ ﻣﺮﺓ‬ ‫ — ﺫﻟﻚ ﺍﳌﻨﻈﺮ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻟﻦ ﻳﺘﻜﺮﺭ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺃﺑﺪﺍ‬I didn’t

the opportunity to maneuver

‫ ﺍﹺ ﹾﺟﺘﹺﲈﻉ‬n. pl. -aat meeting, gathering; ‫ﹺﻋ ﹾﻠﻢ‬ ‫ ﹺ‬sociology ‫ﺍﻻ ﹾﺟﺘﹺﲈﻉ‬ ‫ﲤﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﻗﺸﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﻀﻴﺔ ﰲ ﺍﺟﺘﲈﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﺠﻠﺲ ﺍﻻﻋﲆ ﻻﲢﺎﺩ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺼﻴﺎﺩﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺏ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻋﻘﺪﺕ ﰲ ﻋﲈﻥ‬The issue

98 | 8295 |

was discussed in the meetings of the Higher

‫ ﺗ ﹶﹶﺮ ﹶﻙ‬v. I (u) to leave (behind), quit, abandon sth ‫— ﻃﺒﻴﻌﺔ ﺍﳌﻜﺎﻥ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻻ ﺗﱰﻙ ﻟﺮﻭﻣﻴﻞ ﻓﺮﺻﺔ ﺍﳌﻨﺎﻭﺭﺓ‬

475

The nature of the place did not leave Romell

473

‫ ﹺ‬adj. pl. ‫ﻭﺍﺧﺮ‬ ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹺ‬last, final, concluding; ‫ﺁﺧﺮ‬ n. end, tail, conclusion; bottom, foot;

‫ ﻟﻜﻨﻨﻰ ﺑﻌﺪ‬،‫ﰱ ﺍﻟﺒﺪﺍﻳﺔ ﱂ ﺃﻛﻦ ﻣﺘﺤﻤﺴﺎ ﻟﻔﻜﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ — ﺫﻟﻚ ﻭﺟﺪﲥﺎ ﳑﺘﺎﺯﺓ‬At the beginning I

472

51

Council of the Arab Pharmacists Union which

‫ ﹶﺩ ﹶﺭ ﹶﺟﺔ‬n. pl. -aat degree, grade, level;

was held in Amman

class, rank

92 | 8843 |

7 Materials 558 948 1363 1720 1745 1904 1946 2095 2264 2323 2755 3039 3050 3086 3138 3206 3210 3242 3265

‫ﻭﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﻂ‬ ‫ﺣﺠﺮ‬ ‫ﺣﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺫﻫﺐ‬ ‫ﺭﺻﺎﺹ‬ ‫ﺭﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﱰﻭﻝ‬ ‫ﺻﻠﺐ‬ ‫ﺧﻴﻂ‬ ‫ﺣﺒﻞ‬ ‫ﺯﺟﺎﺝ‬ ‫ﺧﺸﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺣﺪﻳﺪﻱ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻋﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﻫﺮ‬ ‫ﻧﺴﻴﺞ‬ ‫ﻃﲔ‬

paper; leaves

3269

petroleum

3358

stone

3471

iron

3508

oil

3512

gold

3556

lead sand

3658

petroleum

3780

steel (also

3815

hard)

3994

string, thread

4165

rope, cord

4295

glass

4532

wood; board

4622

iron (adj)

4709

stick

4769

gem, jewel

4785

fabric, textile

4883

clay; mud

4904

‫ﺳﺎﺋﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺋﻲ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺭﻣﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻗﲈﺵ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﲏ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻋ ﹼﻴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺧﻠﻴﻂ‬ ‫ﺧﺸﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺩﻫﻦ‬ ‫ﺧﺸﺐ‬ ‫ﻣﺰﻳﺞ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻦ‬ ‫ﺧﻠﻂ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﺣﺮﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻓﺤﻢ‬ ‫ﻓﴤ‬ ‫ﹼ ﹼ‬ ‫ﺑﱰﻭ ﹼﱄ‬

liquid

5283

watery, liquid

5359

ashes, cinders

5494

fabric, cloth

5644

metallic

5652

sample,

5837

specimen

6043

raw; crude

6401

mixture, blend

6408

wooden

6847

grease, fat wood

6901

mixture

6902

cotton

7235

mixture, blend

7286

metal

7422

silk coal

7574

silver

7785

oil-based

‫ﺑﻼﺳﺘﻴﻚ‬ ‫ﳏﺮﻭﻕ‬ ‫ﺇﺳﻤﻨﺖ‬ ‫ﺳﻠﻚ‬ ‫ﺻﻴﻨ ﹼﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻧﺤﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺑﻼﻃﺔ‬ ‫ﺯﻓﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺬﻫﺐ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻣﻌ ﹼﺒﺪ‬ ‫ﻟﺒﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺧﻠﻂ‬ ‫ﺻﻔﺮ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﻓﲑﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﹼﻮﺭ‬

plastic fuel cement wire, thread porcelain copper floor tile asphalt gilded, golden asphalted, paved adobe bricks diamonds to mix, blend brass, copper gasoline, kerosene turquoise crystal, glass

52

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

476

‫ ﹶﻗ ﹺﺮﻳﺐ‬adj. near, close; related; pl. (Lev.) ‫ﹸﻗﺮﺍﺏ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ related; ‫ ﹶﻗ ﹺﺮﻳﺒ ﹰﺎ‬recently; soon; n. pl. ‫ﹶﻗﺮﺍﺋﺐ‬

483

but (also)

‫ ﻭﺇﻧﲈ ﻫﻮ ﻟﻠﻌﺮﺽ‬،‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﺤﻢ ﻟﻴﺲ ﳐﺼﺼﺎ ﻟﻠﺒﻴﻊ‬ ‫ ﻭﺃﺣﺲ ﺍﻟﺰﺑﻮﻥ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻳﺴﺨﺮ ﻣﻨﻪ‬،‫ — ﻓﻘﻂ‬He said that

relative, near relation

477

‫ﻫﺰ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﺐ ﺭﺃﺳﻪ ﻭﺍﺳﺘﺪﺍﺭ ﻣﺘﻮﺟﻬﺎ ﺑﺒﻂﺀ ﻧﺤﻮ ﺍﳌﻘﻌﺪ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻘﺮﻳﺐ‬The doctor shook his head, and

the meat was not designated for sale, but rather

turned slowly toward the nearby chair

it was for display only, and the customer felt

99 | 8185 |

that he was making fun of him

‫ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳﻂ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭﺳﺎﻁ‬middle, center; environment; ‫ ﹶﻭ ﹾﺳ ﹶﻂ‬amid, among, in the middle of; ‫ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭﺳﺎﻁ‬

98 | 8192 |

484

department, agency

controversial in cultural circles particularly after

operations if they indeed desire the good of

‫ﻻ ﻧﺤﺘﺎﺝ ﺇﱃ ﻣﺜﻞ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﻟﻮ ﻛﺎﻧﻮﺍ ﻫﻢ ﻳﺮﻳﺪﻭﻥ‬ ‫ — ﻣﺼﻠﺤﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺍﻕ‬We do not need such

two collections of modernist poetry were

Iraq

published

97 | 8227 |

99 | 8164 |

485

‫ ﹶﻧ ﹶﻈ ﹶﺮ‬v. I (u) to look ‫ ﺇﱃ‬at; to examine, look ‫ﰲ‬ into

‫ ﻻ ﺗﻨﻈﺮ ﺧﻠﻔﻚ ﻭﻻ ﺗﺘﺤﺪﺙ ﻣﻊ ﺃﺣﺪ‬..‫ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮ ﰱ ﺍﻟﺴﲑ‬

condition that

and don’t speak to anyone

‫ﺍﻟﻘﻨﺒﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﺬﺭﻳﺔ ﺍﻻﺳﺎﺱ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻫﻮ ﻳﻮﺭﺍﻧﻴﻮﻡ ﻋﺎﱄ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺘﺨﺼﻴﺐ‬The basis of the atomic bomb is

91 | 8856 |

‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﻱ‬ ‫ ﹶﺳ ﹸﻌﻮﺩ ﹼ‬n./adj. pl. -uun Saudi ‫ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ ﺍﻟﺴﻌﻮﺩﻱ‬:‫ﻫﻞ ﺃﻧﺖ ﲤﻴﻞ ﺇﱃ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻨﻈﺮﻳﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺇﻋﻼﻡ ﻏﲑ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻞ؟‬Do you lean toward to this theory: that the Saudi media is not an

highly enriched uranium 98 | 8141 |

486

independent media? 89 | 9006 |

480

from the American newspapers? 93 | 8543 |

487

99 | 8125 |

481

‫ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻮﺕ‬n. death ‫ — ﺭﺍﺡ ﰲ ﻏﻴﺒﻮﺑﺔ ﻭﺃﺻﺒﺢ ﻣﻌﻠﻘﺎ ﺑﲔ ﺍﳊﻴﺎﺓ ﻭﺍﳌﻮﺕ‬He went into a coma, and began to hang between

Laden who stand behind the attacks of

98 | 8147 |

‫ ﹸﺧ ﹸﺼﻮﺹ‬n. (as to this) matter, issue; (in this) regard, respect; ‫ﺼﻮﺻ ﹰﺎ‬ ‫ ﹸﺧ ﹸ‬especially, particularly ‫ ﺃﻧﺎ ﺃﺗﺼﻞ ﺑﺨﺼﻮﺹ ﺍﻟﻮﻇﻴﻔﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻰ ﺃﻋﻠﻨﺘﻢ‬..‫ﺻﺒﺎﺡ ﺍﳋﲑ‬ ‫ — ﻋﻨﻬﺎ‬Good morning...I am calling regarding

‫ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬v. I (i) to stop, cease (doing sth); to ‫ﻒ‬ stand, rise; ‫ﺟﻨﹾ ﹶﺒ ﹸﻪ‬ ‫ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻗ ﹶ‬to stand by, support sb; ‫ﻒ ﹶ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ !‫ﻒ‬ ‫ ﻗ ﹾ‬stop! ‫ﻫﻞ ﺗﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﺃﻥ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺟﻬﺎﺕ ﺃﺧﺮ￯ ﻏﲑ ﺑﻦ ﻻﺩﻥ ﻭﻗﻔﺖ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺭﺍﺀ ﻫﺠﲈﺕ ﺍﳊﺎﺩﻱ ﻋﴩ ﻣﻦ ﺳﺒﺘﻤﱪ؟‬Do you believe that there are other parties besides Bin

life and death

482

‫ ﺻ ﹺ‬n. pl. ‫ ﺻﺤﻒ‬newspaper ‫ﺤﻴ ﹶﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ﹸ ﹸ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ ﻫﻲ ﺃﻫﻢ ﺍﻟﻌﻨﺎﻭﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺍﺳﺘﻘﻄﺒﺖ ﺍﻫﺘﲈﻣﻚ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻒ ﺍﻷﻣﲑﻛﻴﺔ؟‬What are the most important headlines that attracted your interest

‫ ﹺ‬adj. clear, explicit; obvious, visible ‫ﻭﺍﺿﺢ‬ ‫ — ﻛﺎﻥ ﻭﺍﺿﺤﺎ ﺃﳖﺎ ﺃﻳﻀﺎ ﺗﺴﺘﻌﺪ ﻟﻠﺨﺮﻭﺝ‬It was clear that she was also getting ready to leave

‫ ﹶﺃﺳﺎﺱ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﺃ ﹸﺳﺲ‬foundation, base; basis, principle; ‫ ﹶﺃﺳﺎﺳ ﹰﺎ‬basically, fundamentally; ‫ﻋﹶﲆ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺱ‬ ‫ ﹶﺃ‬on the basis of; ‫ ﰲ ﺍﻷﹶﺳﺎﺱ‬in principle; (Egy.Lev.) ‫ ﻋﺎﺳﺎﺱ‬and ‫ ﻋﺴﺎﺱ ﺍﻧﻪ‬/ß ß 9asaas ‘innu/ so that; with the understanding that; on

— Continue walking...Don’t look behind you

479

‫ ﹶﻣ ﹾﺼ ﹶﻠ ﹶﺤﺔ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﻣﺼﺎﻟﹺﺢ‬interest, advantage, favor;

(diplomatic) circles, quarters

‫ﺷﻌﺮﻩ ﻣﺜﲑ ﻟﻠﺠﺪﻝ ﰲ ﺍﻻﻭﺳﺎﻁ ﺍﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﻴﺔ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﺎ ﺑﻌﺪ‬ ‫ — ﻧﴩﻩ ﳎﻤﻮﻋﺘﲔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺮ ﺍﳊﺪﺍﺛﻲ‬His poetry is

478

‫ ﺇﹺﻧﱠﲈ‬conj. but rather, on the contrary; (not just)

September 11th? 99 | 7924 |

488

‫ ﹶﺟ ﱢﻴﺪ‬adj. good; ‫ ﹶﺟ ﱢﻴﺪ ﹰﺍ‬adv. well ‫ﻫﻜﺬﺍ ﻗﻠﺖ ﻣﺒﺘﺴﲈ ﺑﺄﺩﺏ ﳏﺎﻭﻻ ﺃﻥ ﺃﻋﻄﻲ ﻟﻪ ﺍﻧﻄﺒﺎﻋﺎ‬ ‫ — ﺟﻴﺪﺍ‬I said this smiling and politely, trying to

the job which you announced

give him a good impression

95 | 8455 |

98 | 8006 |

Frequency index

489

‫ﺐ‬ ‫ ﹶﺫ ﹶﻫ ﹶ‬v. I (a) to go, leave, depart ‫ — ﳌﺎﺫﺍ ﻻ ﺗﺬﻫﺐ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﻭﲣﱪﻫﻢ ﺑﺎﳊﻘﻴﻘﺔ؟‬Why

495

don’t you go to the investigator’s office and tell

53

‫ﺐ‬ ‫ ﹶﺣ ﱠ‬v. I (i) to love, like sb; to want, like sth or to do sth; ‫ﺣﺎﺏ‬ and (Lev.) ‫ ﺣﺎﺑﹺﺐ‬a.p. wanting, ‫ﹼ‬ desiring; loving, liking

them the truth

‫ — ﺣﺒﻴﺖ ﺃﻗﺪﻡ ﻫﺪﻳﺔ ﺑﺴﻴﻄﺔ ﳌﴩﻓﻨﺎ ﺍﻟﻐﺎﱄ‬I wanted

90 | 8703 |

to offer a small gift to our dear supervisor 92 | 8371 | +spo

490

‫ﻳﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ ﹺﺯ ﹶ‬vn. visiting; n. pl. -aat visit ‫ﺫﻫﺒﺖ ﻟﺰﻳﺎﺭﺓ ﺻﺪﻳﻖ ﻳﺴﻜﻦ ﺑﻴﺘﺎ ﺑﻌﻴﺪﺍ ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ — ﺿﺠﺔ ﺍﻻﺟﺘﲈﻉ‬I went to visit a friend of society

‫ ﺯ ﹾﹶﻭ ﹶﺟﺔ‬n. pl. -aat wife ‫ ﻭﻗﻒ ﺃﻣﺎﻡ ﺯﻭﺟﺘﻪ‬،‫ﳊﻈﺎﺕ ﻭﻭﺻﻞ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺪﺓ ﺇﱃ ﺑﻴﺘﻪ‬ ‫ ﻳﻜﺎﺩ ﻳﺘﻨﺎﺛﺮ ﺇﱃ ﺁﻻﻑ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻘﻄﻊ‬،‫ﻳﺮﺗﻌﺶ ﺑﺎﻟﻐﻀﺐ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺼﻐﲑﺓ‬In a few moments the mayor arrived

97 | 8046 |

at his house. He stood in front of his wife

496

who lives in a house far from the clamor

491

shaking with anger. He was on the verge of

‫ ﺭﺍﺋﹺﻊ‬adj. fantastic, amazing, marvelous,

breaking apart into thousands of tiny pieces 98 | 7840 |

magnificent, awesome

‫ ﻟﻜﻨﻬﺎ ﺍﻧﺘﻬﺖ‬..‫ﻋﺸﺖ ﻗﺼﺔ ﺣﺐ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﺓ ﺣﻘﻴﻘﻴﺔ ﺭﺍﺋﻌﺔ‬ ‫ — ﻟﻸﺳﻒ ﰱ ﺍﻟﺼﻴﻒ ﺍﳌﺎﴇ‬I experienced a

497

single, wonderful true love story...but it ended,

‫ ﹶﺗﻨ ﹺﹾﻔﻴﺬ‬n. execution, implementation, carrying out

‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﺿﺢ ﺃﻥ ﻛﺜﲑﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﻣﻮﺭ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﺗﻨﻔﻴﺬﻫﺎ‬ ‫ ﻣﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺷﻚ ﰲ ﺫﻟﻚ‬،‫ — ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﳐﺘﻠﻒ‬It is clear

unfortunately, last summer 97 | 8028 | +for

that many things could have been carried 492

‫ ﺇﹺ ﹾﺟﺮﺍﺀ‬vn. conducting, carrying out,

out in a different manner, there is no doubt

undertaking; n. pl. -aat procedure, process;

about that

step, measure; move, action

88 | 8675 |

‫ﺃﻋﻠﻦ ﺃﺭﻣﻴﺘﺎﺝ ﺩﻋﻤﻪ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻣﻞ ﻹﺟﺮﺍﺀ ﺍﻻﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺍﻗﻴﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺜﻼﺛﲔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺸﻬﺮ ﺍﳊﺎﱄ‬Armitage

498

announced his complete support for holding

kind

current month

‫ﺍﻧﺪﻓﻊ ﺷﻌﺮﻫﺎ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻟﻪ ﻟﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻴﻞ ﺇﱃ ﺍﳋﻠﻒ ﻭﺭﺍﺀ ﺃﺫﻧﲔ‬ ‫ — ﻣﺰﻳﻨﺘﲔ ﺑﺄﻗﺮﺍﻁ ﺫﻫﺒﻴﺔ‬Her hair, which had the

85 | 9084 |

color of the night, was pushed to the back

the Iraqi elections on the thirtieth of the

493

‫ ﹶﻟ ﹾﻮﻥ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻟﻮﺍﻥ‬color, tint, hue; type, sort,

behind her ears which were decorated with gold

‫ ﺍﹺﺗﱢﺼﺎﻝ‬n. pl. -aat contact, communication;

earrings 99 | 7668 |

connection, relation, relationship

‫ﺗﺴﺘﻄﻴﻌﲔ ﺍﻻﺗﺼﺎﻝ ﺑﻰ ﰱ ﺃ￯ ﻭﻗﺖ ﺇﺫﺍ ﺃﺭﺩﺕ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻔﺴﺎﺭ ﻋﻦ ﺃ￯ ﳾﺀ‬You can get in touch

499

with me at any time if you want to consult

‫ ﹶﻗ ﹺﺪﻳﻢ‬adj. pl. ‫ ﹸﻗﺪﺍ ﹶﻣﻰ‬, ß‫ ﹸﻗﺪﹶ ﻣﺎﺀ‬old, ancient; ‫ ﹸﻗﺪﺍ ﹶﻣﻰ‬n.

old timers, veterans

about anything

‫ ﻗﻄﻌﺔ ﻗﻄﻌﺔ‬،‫ — ﺑﺪﺃ ﻳﺮﺗﺪ￯ ﺛﻴﺎﺑﻪ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﻳﻤﺔ‬He began

97 | 7989 |

to put on his old clothes, piece by piece 99 | 7669 |

494

‫ ﹸﺩﻧﹾﻴﺎ‬n. world ‫ﺇﻥ ﺯﻭﺟﻬﺎ ﻟﺪﻳﻪ ﻣﺰﺍﻳﺎ ﻭﻋﻴﻮﺏ ﻣﺜﻞ ﺃ￯ ﺷﺨﺺ‬ ‫ ﻭﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﺃﻥ ﺗﺬﻛﺮ ﻣﺰﺍﻳﺎﻩ ﻛﲈ ﺗﺬﻛﺮ‬،‫ﰱ ﺍﻟﺪﻧﻴﺎ‬ ‫ — ﻋﻴﻮﺑﻪ‬Her husband has good traits

500

‫ ﹺ‬adj. next, following, future; a.p. arriving, ‫ﻗﺎﺩﻡ‬ coming, proceeding

and faults like any person in the world,

‫ﺧﻴﻞ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﻓﺠﺄﺓ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻳﺴﺘﻤﻊ ﺇﱃ ﺃﺻﻮﺍﺕ ﻗﺎﺩﻣﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭ‬ ‫ ﺻﻮﺕ ﺑﺎﺏ ﻳﻔﺘﺢ ﻭﻳﻐﻠﻖ‬،‫ — ﺍﻷﺭﴈ‬It seemed to

and she needs to remember his good

him suddenly that he was listening to sounds

traits as much as she remembers his

coming from the ground floor, the sound of

faults

a door opening and closing

98 | 7872 |

88 | 8633 |

54

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

501

‫ ﻛ ﹶﹸﺮﺓ‬n. pl. -aat ball, globe, sphere; ‫( ﻛﻮﺭﺓ‬Dia.)

Chicago in this way, all at once, without

/kuura/, (Egy.) /koora/ football (soccer);

‫ ﻛﺮﺓ ﻗﺪﻡ‬/kurat qadam/ ‫ﻫﻮ ﺍﻟﻼﻋﺐ ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻲ ﺍﻟﻮﺣﻴﺪ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺃﺣﺮﺯ ﻫﺪﻓﺎ ﰲ‬ ٢٠٠٢ ‫ — ﺑﻄﻮﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﱂ ﻟﻜﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﻡ ﻋﺎﻡ‬He is the

preparation, like someone jumping into the ocean

(shortened in idafa)

fully dressed and not knowing how to swim

only American player who got a goal in the World

99 | 7560 |

508

championships for soccer in the year 2002 97 | 7866 |

502

‫ ﺯﺍ ﹶﺩ‬v. I (i) to grow, increase; to exceed, go ‫ﹺ‬ beyond ‫ﻋﲆ‬/‫ ﻋﻦ‬sth; to increase, add to (‫ )ﻣﻦ‬sth ‫ ﻭﺯﺍﺩ ﻏﻀﺒﻬﺎ ﺣﲔ‬،‫ﺍﺷﺘﺪ ﻏﻀﺒﻬﺎ ﺣﲔ ﻋﻠﻤﺖ ﺑﺎﳊﻘﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺧﺎﻃﺒﻬﺎ ﺍﳋﻨﺰﻳﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺑﻴﺘﻪ‬Her anger grew

‫ ﹶﺷ ﹶﻌ ﹶﺮ‬v. I (u) to feel, be aware of ‫ ﺏ‬sth ‫ﰱ ﻛﻞ ﻳﻮﻡ ﻛﻨﺖ ﲡﻌﻠﻴﻨﻨﻰ ﺃﺷﻌﺮ ﺑﺄﻧﻨﻰ ﺃﻗﻞ ﻣﻨﻚ ﰱ ﻛﻞ‬ ‫ — ﺷﻰﺀ‬Every day you made me feel that I was less than you in everything 97 | 7748 |

509

‫ ﺗ ﹺ‬report, account ‫ ﹶﺗ ﹾﻘ ﹺﺮﻳﺮ‬n. pl. ‫ﹶﻘﺎﺭﻳﺮ‬ ‫ — ﺣﻜﻰ ﳍﺎ ﻛﺄﻧﻪ ﻳﻘﺪﻡ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺮﺍ ﻋﻦ ﻭﺿﻌﻬﻢ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ‬He

when she found out the truth, and her anger

spoke to her as if he were submitting a report

increased when the pig talked to her from

about their situation there

inside his house

94 | 7919 |

99 | 7657 |

503

several, numerous

‫ﻋﻤﻞ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﺪﺭﻳﺲ ﰱ ﻋﺪﺓ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺎﺕ ﺃﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴﺔ ﰱ ﻧﻴﻮﻳﻮﺭﻙ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺑﻮﺳﻄﻦ‬He worked in education in a

‫ ﹶﻣ ﱠﺮ‬v. I (u) to pass by, go by (time, event); to pass by, go past ‫ﻋﲆ‬/‫ ﺏ‬sth/sb; to visit, stop by ‫( ﻋﲆ‬sb’s place) ‫ ﻓﻀﻐﻄﺖ ﺍﳉﺮﺱ ﻣﻦ‬،‫ﻣﺮﺕ ﺩﻗﻴﻘﺔ ﻛﺎﻣﻠﺔ ﻭﱂ ﻳﻔﺘﺢ ﺃﺣﺪ‬ ‫ — ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‬A full minute passed and no one

number of American universities in New York

opened the door, so I pressed the bell again

and Boston

99 | 7524 |

‫ ﹺﻋﺪﱠ ﺓ‬n. (in idafa) a number of; adj. (invar.)

510

97 | 7758 |

504

‫ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻮ ﹶﺩﺓ‬n. return, going back; return trip ‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﻞ ﺍﳌﺴﻜﲔ ﻻ ﻳﻌﺮﻑ ﻣﺎ ﻳﻨﺘﻈﺮﻩ ﻋﻨﺪ ﻋﻮﺩﺗﻪ‬ ‫ — ﳌﻨﺰﻟﻪ‬The poor man didn’t know what was

511

about men and women she knew and loved

awaiting him when he got back to the house

95 | 7826 |

94 | 7992 |

505

‫( ﹴ‬def. ‫ﻋﺎﱄ‬ ‫ ) ﹺ‬adj. high, elevated ‫ﻋﺎﻝ‬ ‫ ﻭﺃﻥ ﺃﺳﺎﻓﺮ‬،‫ﺃﲤﻨﻰ ﻳﺎ ﺟﺪﻱ ﺃﻥ ﺃﻧﺎﻝ ﺷﻬﺎﺩﺓ ﻋﻠﻤﻴﺔ ﻋﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬

512

to conquer (city, land)

￯‫ﻳﻐﻠﻖ ﺍﻟﺪﻛﺘﻮﺭ ﳏﻤﺪ ﺻﻼﺡ ﺟﻬﺎﺯ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﺠﻴﻞ ﻭﻳﺮﺗﺪ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺎﺭﺗﻪ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﺔ ﻭﻳﻔﺘﺢ ﺃﺟﻨﺪﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﻠﻴﻔﻮﻧﺎﺕ ﻭﻳﺒﺪﺃ ﰱ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻻﺗﺼﺎﻝ ﺑﻤﻌﺎﺭﻓﻪ ﻭﺃﺻﺪﻗﺎﺋﻪ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﺍﻣﻰ‬Dr

degree, and to travel 99 | 7576 |

Muhammad Salah closes the recorder, puts on

￯‫ ﹺﺳ ﹶﻮ‬neg.part. other than, except for ‫ﰲ ﺍﳋﺘﺎﻡ ﻻ ﻳﺴﻌﻨﻲ ﺳﻮ￯ ﺃﻥ ﺃﺷﻜﺮ ﺿﻴﻮﰲ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﺍﻡ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﺷﺎﺭﻛﻮﺍ ﻣﻌﻲ ﰲ ﺣﻠﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻡ‬In conclusion,

his medical glasses, opens the phone book and begins to call his acquaintances and old friends 99 | 7487 |

I can only thank our generous guests who participated with me in this episode today 90 | 8312 |

507

‫ ﹶﺑ ﹾﺤﺮ‬n. pl. ‫ ﺑﹺﺤﺎﺭ‬sea ‫ ﺩﻭﻥ‬،‫ ﻣﺮﺓ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﺓ‬،‫ﺟﺎﺀﺕ ﻣﻦ ﻃﻨﻄﺎ ﺇﱃ ﺷﻴﻜﺎﺟﻮ ﻫﻜﺬﺍ‬ ‫ ﻛﻤﻦ ﻗﻔﺰ ﰱ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺮ ﺑﻤﻼﺑﺴﻪ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻣﻠﺔ‬،‫ﺍﺳﺘﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺃﻭ ﲤﻬﻴﺪ‬ ‫ — ﻭﻫﻮ ﻻ ﻳﻌﺮﻑ ﺍﻟﺴﺒﺎﺣﺔ‬She came from Tanta to

‫ ﹶﻓﺘ ﹶﹶﺢ‬v. I (a) to open sth; to open, start (a business); to turn on (lights, radio, TV);

— I hope, grandfather, to get a higher scientific

506

‫ ﻧﹺﺴﺎﺀ‬pl.n. women (sg. ‫) ﺍﹺ ﹾﻣ ﹶﺮ ﹶﺃﺓ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺕ ﱄ ﺣﻜﺎﻳﺎﺕ ﻻ ﺗﻨﺘﻬﻲ ﻋﻦ ﺭﺟﺎﻝ ﻭﻧﺴﺎﺀ ﻋﺮﻓﺘﻬﻢ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺃﺣﺒﺘﻬﻢ‬She told me never-ending stories

513

‫ ﹶﺷ ﹺﻬﺪﹶ‬v. I (a) to witness, observe, see sth/sb; ‫ﹶﺃ ﹾﺷ ﹶﻬﺪﹸ ﹶﺃ ﹾ‬ to testify, bear witness: ‫ﻥ ﻻ ﺇﹺ ٰﻟ ﹶﻪ ﺇﹺ ﹼﻻ ﺍﷲ‬ I testify that there is no god but God

‫— ﻭﻗﺪ ﺷﻬﺪﺕ ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﻟﻔﱰﺓ ﺍﺯﺩﻫﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻨﻈﺮﻳﺔ ﺍﻻﻧﺜﻮﻳﺔ‬ This period has seen the flourishing of feminist theory 89 | 8378 |

Frequency index

514

515

‫ ﹺﺳﻼﺡ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺳ ﹺﻠ ﹶﺤﺔ‬weapon; branch of the ‫ ﹺﺳﻼﺡ ﹶ‬air force armed forces; ‫ﺍﳉ ﹼﻮ‬ ‫ﺟﻠﺲ ﺍﳉﻨﺪﻱ ﻋﲆ ﺭﻛﺒﺘﻪ ﺍﻟﻴﻤﻨﻰ ﻭﻗﺪ ﺻﻮﺏ ﺳﻼﺣﻪ‬ ‫ — ﻧﺤﻮﻱ‬The soldier crouched on his right

520

telephone extension, direct number

،‫ﺧﺮﺝ ﺧﺎﱄ ﻳﻮﻧﺎﻥ ﻣﻦ ﻏﺮﻓﺔ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻴﺔ ﺃﻗﻔﻞ ﺑﺎﲠﺎ ﻭﺭﺍﺀﻩ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺟﺎﺀ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻔﺴﺤﺔ ﻭﻫﻮ ﺑﺎﻟﻘﻤﻴﺺ ﺍﳊﺮﻳﺮ‬My uncle Yunan came out of an inner room and locked

97 | 7684 |

the door behind him, and came to the open area in a silk shirt

‫ ﹺﻋ ﹾﻠﻢ‬vn. knowing; ‫ ﹺﻋ ﹾﻠ ﹰﲈ ﹶﺃ ﱠﻥ‬knowing that, in view pl.n. ‫( ﹸﻋ ﹸﻠﻮﻡ‬Gul.) news;

‫ ﻭﻳﺶ ﻋﻠﻮﻣﻚ‬/weesh

99 | 7466 |

521

cluumak/ what’s new? (what news do you have?)

‫ﳚﺎﻫﺪ ﺑﺼﻤﺖ ﻟﻴﺆﺩﻱ ﺭﺳﺎﻟﺘﻪ ﰲ ﺑﻨﺎﺀ ﺍﻹﻧﺴﺎﻥ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﺢ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﻌﻠﻢ ﻭﺍﳌﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﻭﻏﺮﺱ ﻗﻴﻢ ﺍﻻﻧﺘﲈﺀ ﻭﺣﺐ ﺍﻟﻮﻃﻦ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻀﺤﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺟﻠﻪ‬He strives quietly to carry out his mission to build people armed with

85 | 8647 |

522

‫ﺍﻥ ﺍﻻﻧﺴﺎﻥ ﺗﻜﻮﻥ ﻟﺪﻳﻪ ﺍﻓﻜﺎﺭ ﻻ ﻳﺘﺠﺮﺃ ﺍﻥ ﻳﺒﻮﺡ ﲠﺎ ﻛﲈ‬ ‫ — ﻳﺒﻮﺡ ﲠﺎ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻻﻧﱰﻧﺖ‬People have thoughts

for its sake

they don’t dare reveal the way they reveal them

99 | 7502 |

over the Internet 99 | 7397 |

‫ ﺇﹺﻋﺎ ﹶﺩﺓ‬n. repeating, doing sth again; returning, ‫ ﻭﺗﻠﻘﻰ‬،‫ ﻓﺄﻟﻘﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺴﻜﺮﻳﺔ‬،‫ﺟﺎﺀ ﺑﻜﺆﻭﺱ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﻱ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳌﻬﻤﺔ ﺑﺈﻋﺎﺩﺓ ﺣﺴﺎﻥ ﺇﱃ ﺯﻧﺰﺍﻧﺘﻪ‬He brought the

‫ ﻓﹺﻜﹾﺮ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻓﻜﺎﺭ‬thinking, thought; idea, concept, notion

belonging and love of the nation and sacrificing

giving sth back

‫ ﹸﻣ ﹶﻨ ﱠﻈ ﹶﻤﺔ‬n. pl. -aat organization ‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﻋﻀﻮﺍ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻠﺠﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻔﻴﺬﻳﺔ ﳌﻨﻈﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺮﻳﺮ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻔﻠﺴﻄﻴﻨﻴﺔ‬He was a member of the executive committee of the PLO

knowledge and to graft in the values of

523

‫ ﹶﺭ ﹸﺳﻮﻝ‬n. messenger (Muhammad); pl. ‫ﹸﺭ ﹸﺳﻞ‬

messenger, apostle

‫ — ﺃﻧﺴﻴﺖ ﺃﻧﻚ ﺯﻭﺟﻲ ﻋﲆ ﺳﻨﺔ ﺍﷲ ﻭﺭﺳﻮﻟﻪ؟‬Did

teacups, saluted, and was given the duty of

517

‫ ﹺ‬adj. internal; domestic; ‫ﺍﺧ ﹺﲇ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧ ﹺ ﹼﲇ‬ ‫ﱠ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮ ﹶﻗﻢ ﺍﻟﺪﹼ ﹼ‬

knee and aimed his weapon at me

of the fact that; n. knowledge, information;

516

55

you forget that you are my husband, married

taking Hassan back to his cell

according to the Sunna of God and his Prophet?

96 | 7694 |

93 | 7845 |

‫( ﹶﻋﻢ‬Lev.) part. (with imperf., to indicate present continuous) ‫ ﻋﹶﻢ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻤﺰﹶ ﺡ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻌﻚ‬I’m (just)

524

‫ ﹸﺟﺰﹾﺀ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺟﺰﺍﺀ‬part, section, piece; portion, fraction

kidding you

‫ ﻻ ﺗﱰﻛﻰ ﺟﺰﺀﺍ ﰱ‬..‫ﺷﺪ￯ ﺍﳉﺰﻣﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺪﻣﻰ ﻭﻏﻄﻴﻨﻰ‬ ‫ — ﺟﺴﻤﻰ ﺇﻻ ﻭﺗﻐﻄﻴﻪ‬Fasten the shoes on my

bothering you now?

feet and cover me...don’t leave any part of my

‫ — ﻋﻢ ﻳﻀﺎﻳﻘﻚ ﻫﻠﻖ ﻛﺘﻔﻚ؟‬Is your shoulder

body uncovered

41 | 17658 |

98 | 7495 |

518

‫( ﹶﻟ ﹴ‬def. ‫ﻴﺎﱄ‬ ‫ ) ﹶﻟ ﹺ‬night, evening; ‫ﺍﻟ ﱠﻠ ﹾﻴ ﹶﻠ ﹶﺔ‬ ‫ ﹶﻟ ﹾﻴ ﹶﻠﺔ‬n. pl. ‫ﻴﺎﻝ‬

tonight

525

‫ — ﺳﺄﻧﺘﻈﺮﻙ ﺍﻟﻠﻴﻠﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺩﺳﺔ‬I will wait for you

you interested in him if your relationship ended?

tonight at six

99 | 7390 |

99 | 7411 |

519

‫ ﹶﺛﻘﺎ ﹶﻓﺔ‬n. pl. -aat culture, civilization ‫ﻳﻘﺪﻡ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﺑﺤﺜﺎ ﻭﻭﺻﻔﺎ ﻋﺎﻣﺎ ﻟﻠﺜﻘﺎﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴﺪﻳﺔ ﰲ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳌﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻜﻮﻳﺘﻲ‬The book presents a piece of research and a general description of traditional

‫ ﺍﹺ ﹾﻧﺘ ﹶﹶﻬﻰ‬v. VIII to end, finish, conclude sth ‫ — ﳌﺎﺫﺍ ﲥﺘﻤﲔ ﺑﻪ ﺇﺩﺍ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻋﻼﻗﺘﻜﲈ ﺍﻧﺘﻬﺖ؟‬Why are

526

‫ ﻏ ﹺﹶﺮﻳﺐ‬adj. strange; n. pl. ‫ ﻏ ﹶﹸﺮﺑﺎﺀ‬stranger, foreigner ‫ ﺑﺪﺍ ﺻﻮﺗﻪ ﻏﺮﻳﺒﺎ ﻋﲆ‬..‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﻳﻠﻬﺚ ﻣﻦ ﻓﺮﻁ ﺍﻻﻧﻔﻌﺎﻝ‬ ‫ — ﺳﻤﻌﻪ ﻭﻛﺄﻧﻪ ﻳﺼﺪﺭ ﻣﻦ ﺷﺨﺺ ﺁﺧﺮ‬He was panting from excitement...his voice seemed strange to his ears, as if it was coming out of

culture in Kuwaiti society

some other person

96 | 7674 |

99 | 7346 |

56

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

527

528

‫ ﻏ ﹾﹸﺮ ﹶﻓﺔ‬n. pl. ‫ ﻏ ﹶﹸﺮﻑ‬room, chamber ،‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﳍﲈ ﺍﻟﺒﻬﻰ ﺃﻳﻀﺎ ﺇﻧﻪ ﺳﻴﱰﻛﻬﲈ ﻳﻨﺎﻣﺎﻥ ﰱ ﻏﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﻟﻠﻴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺳﻴﺨﺮﺝ ﻟﻴﻨﺎﻡ ﰱ ﻣﺪﺧﻞ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺖ‬Bahiy told her

534

‫ ﻗﺎﺋﹺﺪ‬n. pl. ‫ ﻗﺎ ﹶﺩﺓ‬leader, commander ‫ﺛﺎﺭ ﺍﳌﴫﻳﻮﻥ ﺿﺪ ﺍﳊﻤﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻧﺴﻴﺔ ﻣﺮﺗﲔ ﺧﻼﻝ ﺛﻼﺛﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺃﻋﻮﺍﻡ ﻭﻗﺘﻠﻮﺍ ﻗﺎﺋﺪ ﺍﳊﻤﻠﺔ‬The Egyptians revolted

also that he would leave them to sleep in the

against the French campaign twice during three

room tonight, and he would go sleep in the

years, and they killed the leader of the

entrance to the house

campaign

99 | 7358 |

87 | 8278 |

‫ ﹸﻣ ﹸﺮﻭﺭ‬vn. passing (of time); going through; ‫ﹺ‬ passing by; stopping by (to visit); ‫ﻛﹶﻠ ﹶﻤﺔ ﺍ ﹸﳌ ﹸﺮﻭﺭ‬ password; ‫ ﹸﻣ ﹸﺮﻭﺭ ﹰﺍ ﺑﹺـ‬passing, crossing, going

535

‫ ﻭ ﹺ‬device, instrument, medium, ‫ ﹶﻭ ﹺﺳﻴ ﹶﻠﺔ‬n. pl. ‫ﺳﺎﺋﻞ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ means

‫ﺇﻧﻪ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﻓﺎﺳﺪ ﻻﺑﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺗﻐﻴﲑﻩ ﺑﻜﻞ ﺍﻷﺳﺎﻟﻴﺐ ﺍﳌﻤﻜﻨﺔ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺍﻟﻮﺳﺎﺋﻞ ﺍﳌﺘﺎﺣﺔ‬It is a corrupt reality which

through, via; n. traffic

،‫ﺣﺼﻠﺖ ﻋﲆ ﳏﺎﻡ ﺑﻌﺪ ﻣﺮﻭﺭ ﺳﺒﻌﺔ ﺃﺷﻬﺮ ﻋﲆ ﺍﺣﺘﺠﺎﺯﻱ‬ ‫ — ﻟﻜﻨﻪ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻋﺎﺟﺰﺍ ﻋﻦ ﻓﻌﻞ ﳾﺀ‬I got a lawyer

must be changed with every possible style and means available

seven months after my detention, but he was

98 | 7325 |

unable to do anything 88 | 8201 | +for

529

536

‫ ﹸﺣ ﱢﺮ ﱠﻳﺔ‬n. pl. -aat freedom ‫ ﻓﻼ ﺧﲑ‬،‫ﺇﺫﺍ ﱂ ﻧﻄﺎﻟﺐ ﺑﺤﻘﻮﻕ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﰱ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻝ ﻭﺍﳊﺮﻳﺔ‬ ‫ — ﰱ ﺃ￯ ﻋﻠﻢ ﻧﺘﻌﻠﻤﻪ‬If we don’t demand people’s

reported by

‫ﻟﻘﺪ ﺍﺯﺩﻫﺮﺕ ﺍﻹﺳﻜﻨﺪﺭﻳﺔ ﺑﺤﺮﻛﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﻞ ﺑﲔ ﺍﳌﻴﻨﺎﺀ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺍﻟﺪﻟﺘﺎ ﻭﺍﻟﺼﻌﻴﺪ‬Alexandria flourished through

rights for justice and freedom, then there will

its involvement in the activity of transporting

be no good in any knowledge we learn

goods between the port and the Delta and

98 | 7416 |

530

‫ ٰﻫﻜﹶﺬﺍ‬adv. like this, this way, thus ‫ ﻫﻜﺬﺍ ﻫﻲ ﻣﻨﺬ ﻃﻔﻮﻟﺘﻬﺎ‬،‫— ﻻ ﲢﺐ ﺍﻻﺧﺘﻼﻁ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺎﺱ‬ She doesn’t like mixing with people; she has

Upper Egypt 96 | 7415 |

537

been like that since her childhood 98 | 7408 |

531

‫ ﹶﺳﻠﹺ ﹶﻢ‬v. I (a) to be safe; to be faultless; ‫ﺗ ﹾﹶﺴ ﹶﻠﻢ‬, ‫ ﺗ ﹺ‬thanks! fem.sg. ‫ﹶﺴ ﹶﻠﻤﲔ‬ ‫ﹾ‬ ‫ — ﺗﺴﻠﻢ ﻳﺪﻙ‬Thank you (May your hand be kept

the police were beating the demonstrators with every means they had, and with the utmost of harshness 98 | 7272 |

91 | 7888 | +for

this, like that, thus

‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﺘﺎﺝ‬ ‫ ﺍ ﹾﺣ ﹶ‬v. VIII to need, want ‫ ﺇﱃ‬sth/sb ‫ﺃﻋﻠﻨﺎ ﴏﺍﺣﺔ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻮﻻﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﺘﺤﺪﺓ ﲢﺘﺎﺝ ﺇﱃ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺑﻘﺎﺀ ﻋﲆ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻋﺴﻜﺮﻱ ﺿﺨﻢ ﰲ ﺑﻼﺩ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺮﺍﻓﺪﻳﻦ ﻭﻟﺴﻨﻮﺍﺕ ﻛﺜﲑﺓ‬We announced

just Autocad and the like on the computer

frankly that the United States needs to

45 | 15832 |

keep a huge military presence in Iraq for

‫ ﻫﻴﻚ‬/heek/ (Lev.), ‫ ﻫﻴﭻ‬/hiich/ (Irq.) adv. like

538

‫ ﺍﻷﻭﺗﻮﻛﺎﺩ ﻭﻫﻴﻚ‬،‫ﺷﻮﻑ ﺍﳍﻨﺪﺳﺔ ﺍﳌﻌﲈﺭﻳﺔ ﻫﻠﻖ‬ ‫ — ﻋﺎﻟﻜﻤﺒﻴﻮﺗﺮ‬Look, architecture now is basically

533

‫ ﺣ ﹺﻘ ﹺ‬adj. true, real, factual, authentic ‫ﻴﻘ ﹼﻲ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ‬،‫ﲢﻮﻟﺖ ﺍﳊﺪﺍﺋﻖ ﺇﱃ ﻣﻴﺎﺩﻳﻦ ﻗﺘﺎﻝ ﺣﻘﻴﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﴩﻃﺔ ﺗﴬﺏ ﺍﳌﺘﻈﺎﻫﺮﻳﻦ ﺑﻜﻞ ﺍﻟﻄﺮﻕ ﺍﳌﺘﺎﺣﺔ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺑﻤﻨﺘﻬﻰ ﺍﻟﻘﺴﻮﺓ‬The gardens were transformed into actual fields of battle;

safe)

532

‫ ﹶﻧ ﹾﻘﻞ‬n. transportation, transfer; transmission, ‫ ﹶﻧ ﹾﻘ ﹰﻼ ﻋﹶﻦ‬quoting, as

relaying (of news);

‫ ﹺﺯﻳﺎ ﹶﺩﺓ‬n. increase, rise, growth; addition, supplement ‫ ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﻭﺣﺪﻩ ﻳﺴﻌﺪﻧﺎ‬،‫ﺭﺑﲈ ﻧﺤﻦ ﻫﻨﺎ ﻟﻨﻠﺘﻘﻰ ﺑﻚ ﻭﻧﻌﺮﻓﻚ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺯﻳﺎﺩﺓ‬Perhaps we are here to meet you and

many years 98 | 7243 |

get to know you, and this alone makes us

‫ ﹸﻣ ﹾﺴ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻘ ﹶﺒﻞ‬n. future; ‫ ﹸﻣ ﹾﺴ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻘ ﹶﺒ ﹰﻼ‬in the future ‫ ﻟﻜﻨﻬﺎ ﺑﻼ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﺒﻞ‬،‫ — ﻋﻼﻗﺘﻨﺎ ﺭﺍﺋﻌﺔ‬Our relationship

happy and more

is wonderful, but it has no future

97 | 7424 |

98 | 7237 |

539

Frequency index

540

‫ ﳏ ﹺ‬court, tribunal ‫ ﹶﻣ ﹾﺤﻜ ﹶﹶﻤﺔ‬n. pl. ‫ﹶﺎﻛﻢ‬ ‫ﺗﻢ ﺍﻟﻘﺒﺾ ﻋﲆ ﺟﺰﺍﺭ ﻭﳏﺎﻛﻤﺘﻪ ﺃﻣﺎﻡ ﺍﳌﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺴﻜﺮﻳﺔ‬ ‫ — ﻷﻧﻪ ﺍﻣﺘﻨﻊ ﻋﻦ ﺑﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﻠﺤﻢ‬A butcher was arrested

546

Mariam walks on the street with confidence,

he refused to sell meat

while Zahra does not raise her eyes from the unpaved ground

‫ ﹺﻗﻴﺎ ﹶﺩﺓ‬n. leadership, command; driving ‫ﹺ‬ (a vehicle), piloting (an aircraft); ‫ﻗﻴﺎﺩﺍﺕ‬

96 | 7250 |

547

‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺇﻥ ﻗﺎﺋﺪﺍ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﺍ ﺍﺳﻤﻪ ﻣﻮﻧﺘﺠﻤﺮ￯ ﺗﻮﱃ ﻗﻴﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﳉﻴﺶ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻣﻦ ﻭﻫﻮ ﻗﺎﺋﺪ ﺷﺪﻳﺪ ﰱ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﻊ ﺍﳉﻨﻮﺩ‬He

assets, capital

would take over the leadership of the eighth

‫ﻋﲔ ﺳﺎﺭﻛﻮﺯﻱ ﺃﻭﻝ ﺍﻣﺮﺃﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺻﻞ ﻋﺮﰊ ﻭﺯﻳﺮﺓ ﰲ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳊﻜﻮﻣﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻧﺴﻴﺔ‬Sarkozy appointed the first

Army, and he is a strong leader in dealing with

women of Arab origin to be a minister in the

soldiers

French government

87 | 8047 |

99 | 7020 |

said that a new leader, named Montgomery,

‫ ﹺﺩﻓﺎﻉ‬n. defense (military, legal, sports);

548

‫ﺃﻋﻠﻦ ﺭﻭﺯﻓﻠﺖ ﻋﺰﻡ ﺃﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻟﺪﻓﺎﻉ ﻋﻦ ﺣﺮﻳﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺎﺭ‬Roosevelt announced America’s

‫— ﺗﻌﺮﻓﺎ ﺍﺛﻨﺎﺀ ﺩﺭﺍﺳﺘﻬﲈ ﻟﻠﻌﻠﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﻴﺔ ﰲ ﺍﳉﺎﻣﻌﺔ‬

intention to defend the freedom of the seas

political science at the university

96 | 7233 |

99 | 7014 |

‫ ﹶﺳﺒﹺﻴﻞ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﺳ ﹸﺒﻞ‬way, road; means ‫ ﻣﺎ‬..‫ﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﺮﺏ ﻻ ﻳﺼﻨﻊ ﺷﻴﺌﺎ ﻋﲆ ﺳﺒﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺼﺪﻓﺔ‬ ‫ — ﳛﺪﺙ ﺍﻵﻥ ﻋﺎﺩﻝ ﻭﻣﻨﻄﻘﻰ ﲤﺎﻣﺎ‬The Lord

They got to know each other while studying

549

‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻣﻨ ﹺ ﹼﻲ‬adj. safety, security, protection ‫ﺃﺭﻳﺪ ﺃﻥ ﺃﻗﻮﻝ ﺇﻥ ﺳﻮﺭﻳﺎ ﺗﻄﺎﻟﺐ ﺑﺘﻮﻗﻴﻊ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﺃﻣﻨﻲ ﻣﻨﺬ‬ ‫ — ﺳﻨﻮﺍﺕ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺍﻗﻴﲔ‬I want to say that Syria

does not make anything by way of chance...

has been calling for the signing of a security

whatever happens now is just and perfectly

agreement with the Iraqis for years

logical

87 | 7967 |

97 | 7153 |

544

‫ ﹺﻋ ﹾﻠﻢ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﻋ ﹸﻠﻮﻡ‬science, the study of; ‫ﹺﻋ ﹾﻠﻢ ﺍﻟﻨﹶ ﹾﻔﺲ‬ psychology

protection

543

‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺻﻞ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﺃ ﹸﺻﻮﻝ‬source, origin; descent, ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺻ ﹰﻼ‬originally, ‫ ﹸﹸ‬principles, basic rules; funds, primarily; ‫ﺻﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺃ‬ lineage; original, master copy;

leaders, commanders

542

‫ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻴﻨﹶﲈ‬conj. while ‫ ﺑﻴﻨﲈ ﻻ ﺗﺮﻓﻊ‬،‫ﲤﺸﻰ ﺍﻟﺴﺖ ﻣﺮﻳﻢ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻟﺮﺻﻴﻒ ﺑﺜﻘﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺯﻫﺮﺓ ﻋﻴﻨﻴﻬﺎ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﻏﲑ ﺍﳌﺮﺻﻮﻓﺔ‬Mrs

and convicted before the military court because 95 | 7435 |

541

57

‫ ﹶﺃﻧﹾﺘﹺﻲ‬and ‫( ﺇﹺﻧﹾﺘﹺﻲ‬Dia.) pron. you (fem.sg.); (Tun.)

550

‫ ﹶﻣ ﹺ‬house, residence ‫ ﹶﻣﻨ ﹺﹾﺰﻝ‬n. pl. ‫ﻨﺎﺯﻝ‬ ‫— ﺃﴏﺕ ﺳﺪﻳﻢ ﻋﲆ ﺇﻗﺎﻣﺘﻪ ﰲ ﻣﻨﺰﻝ ﺃﺑﻴﻬﺎ ﺑﺎﻟﺮﻳﺎﺽ‬ Sadim insisted on his staying in her father’s

you (masc./fem.sg.)

‫ﻋﺰﻳﺰﰐ ﺃﻡ ﻋﲇ ﻭﺍﷲ ﺍﲏ ﺣﺎﺳﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﲇ ﺍﻧﺘﻲ ﺣﺎﺳﺔ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻷﲏ‬ ‫ — ﻣﺮﻳﺖ ﲠﺎ ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺮﺑﺔ‬Dear Um Ali, really, I feel

house in Riyadh 96 | 7183 |

what you are feeling because I (also) went through this experience

551

43 | 15970 | +spo +for

545

‫ ﹺﻋ ﹾﻠ ﹺﻤ ﹼﻲ‬adj. scientific, scholarly, academic; ‫ﹶﺧﻴﺎﻝ‬ ‫ ﹺﻋ ﹾﻠ ﹺﻤ ﹼﻲ‬science fiction ‫ ﻭﺃﻣﺎﻣﻬﻢ ﺃﺑﺤﺎﺙ‬،‫ﺟﺪﺍﻭﳍﻢ ﻣﺸﻐﻮﻟﺔ ﻷﺳﺎﺑﻴﻊ ﻗﺎﺩﻣﺔ‬ ‫ — ﻋﻠﻤﻴﺔ ﻻ ﺑﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺇﻧﺠﺎﺯﻫﺎ‬Their schedules are busy for the next weeks, and they have scientific research that they need to get done 97 | 7188 |

‫ ﺯ ﹶﹶﻣﻦ‬n. time, period, duration ‫ﺍﳌﻨﻄﻘﺔ ﺁﻣﻨﺔ ﻭﱂ ﳛﺪﺙ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﳾﺀ ﻣﻜﺮﻭﻩ ﻣﻨﺬ ﺯﻣﻦ ﻃﻮﻳﻞ‬ — The area is secure and nothing bad has happened in it for a long time 99 | 6996 |

552

‫ ﹶﺑﻴﺎﻥ‬n. statement, declaration; bulletin, communiqué; (press) release; ‫ ﹶﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬data, ‫ﹺ‬ information; ‫ﻲ ﻋﹶﻦ ﺍﻟ ﹶﺒﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ ﻏﹶﻨ ﹼ‬needless to say, it goes without saying

58

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

8 Time General Terms 74 98 263 283 286 358 409 415 476 499 551 586 590 737 769 1005 1424 1652 1761 1864 1912 1944 2069 2114 2229 2539 2770 2800 2947 3315 3336 3505 3559 3584 3748 3817 4117 4255 4305 4536 4886

‫ﻣﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺖ‬ ‫ﻓﱰﺓ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺋﻢ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ‬ ‫ﺣﲔ‬ ‫ﳊﻈﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﺍﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﻳﺐ‬ ‫ﻗﺪﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻦ‬ ￯‫ﻣﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﹼ ﺓ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺣﺪﻳﺚ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﻋﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺒﻜﹼﺮ‬ ‫ﺃﺟﻞ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺣﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺍﻍ‬ ‫ﻣﺆ ﹼﻗﺖ‬ ‫ﻟﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺇﺟﺎﺯﺓ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻗﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﻁ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺄﺧﲑ‬ ‫ﻋﻄﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻌﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺳﻬﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻛﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﻮﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺇ ﹼﺑﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻣﺪ‬

‫ﻣﻮﻟﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻫﺔ‬ ‫ﻃﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺍﻫﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﱰﺍﺣﺔ‬

5175 (one) time

5264

time

5305

time period

5411

lasting date; history

5876

time moment

5973

beginning

6072

near, close

7167

‫ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺗﺰﺍﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺻﺒﺎﺣﻲ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﳌﺢ‬ ‫ﻏﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺑﻜﹼﲑ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺑﺔ‬

old, ancient

AD

3871

simultaneity

3952

morning

4481

time,

4590

moment

4902

instant

4962

(also glance)

4969

beginning

5119

early time,

5170

occasion

5840

time

6065

range, extent

Abbreviations (ranking is

6072

time period

from list of names and

6178

time

abbreviations)

6801

new; modern appointment

14 80

early

320

period, term

472

business

966

‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﻫـ‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ﲨﺖ‬ ‫ﻭﺭ‬

AD, CE

7198

hijrah year

7245

date; time

7655

‫ﻫﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﴫﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺒﺎﺭﺡ‬ ‫ﺩﻟﻮﻗﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻛﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺭﺡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺎﺭﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻏﺪﺍﺓ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻟﻒ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻙ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺑﻜﹼﲑ‬ ‫ﻏﺪﻭﺓ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻙ‬ ‫ﺑﻜﺮﻱ‬ ‫ﻣﺒﺎﺭﺣﺔ‬ ‫ﺁﺟﻞ‬

now gone by yesterday now tomorrow yesterday today morning, tomorrow previous now early early tomorrow now early yesterday future

GMT After

Units of Time (from small

hours

Prophet’s

to large)

class period

Death (Libya)

2303

free time temporary yet, still

424 Relative Time 125

vacation (standard)

203

time

237

half (sports)

500

time

539

delay

598

vacation

775

appointment

1088

soiree

1094

early

1703

calendar

1776

(also rating)

1783

extension

1810

during

2245

duration;

2370

extent

2480

birthday

2849

moment

2850

stage, phase adolescence

3017

intermission

3794

‫ﺁﻥ‬

‫ﹴ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺽ‬ ‫ﺃﻣﺲ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺘﻘﺒﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺒﻞ‬ ‫ﻏﺪ‬ ‫ﹴ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﴐ‬ ‫ﻫﻠﻖ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻫﻦ‬ ‫ﻻﺣﻖ‬ ‫ﺑﻜﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﹴ‬ ‫ﺁﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﴏ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﺬﺍﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﳊﲔ‬ ‫ﻋﺸ ﹼﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺭﺣﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﴫﻱ‬ ‫ﹼ‬

185 time;

(‫ﺍﻵﻥ‬: now) past yesterday next, coming future

26 393 7226 158 1856

‫ﺛﺎﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﻗﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻳﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﺳﺒﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﺳﲈﻧﺎ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮ‬ ‫ﻓﺼﻞ‬

second minute hour, o’clock day week week month season

next, coming

(also

tomorrow

section,

current present

978

now

62

current

69

later, next

2253

tomorrow

1103

coming, next

366

contemporary

4305

at that time

892

now

883

eve, night

880

before yesterday contemporary

3631 584 5140

‫ﻣﻮﺳﻢ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺳﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻘﺪ‬ ‫ﺟﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺣﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻃﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻬﺪ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﴫ‬ ‫ﺣﻘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺑﺪ‬ ‫ﺧﻠﺪ‬

class) season year year decade generation stage stage age century age era eternity eternity

Frequency index

Parts of the day (from morning

Months (ranking is from list of

to night)

names and abbreviations)

1048 6588 5137 1967 449 980 4898 1425

4925 2443 3416 4816 4644 642 392 518

‫ﻓﺠﺮ‬ ‫ﺳﺤﺮ‬ ‫ﺻﺒﻴﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺻﺒﺢ‬ ‫ﺻﺒﺎﺡ‬ ‫ﳖﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺿﺤﻰ‬ ‫ﻇﻬﺮ‬ ‫ﻇﻬﲑﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﴫ‬ ‫ﻏﺮﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﻣﻐﺮﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﺸﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﻠﺔ‬

dawn Eastern Calendar (Lev.Ir.)

early

196

morning morning

306

morning

120

daytime

258

forenoon

278

noon

226

(‫ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﻟﻈﻬﺮ‬:

174

afternoon)

285

noon

214

afternoon

191

1504 1291 1115 955 1148

‫ﺷﺒﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﺁﺫﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺃ ﹼﻳﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﺰﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﲤﹼﻮﺯ‬ ‫ﺁﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﻳﻠﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺗﴩﻳﻦ‬

335 1006

January

420

February

437

March

60

April

1377

May

714

July

(since 1994)

September

1521

October,

987

November

335

evening

(Egy. and some Magh.)

1372

night

158

night

167 143 134

Sunday

137

Monday

907

Tuesday

136

Wednesday

175 83

Friday

124

Saturday

144

‫— ﺗﻢ ﺍﻻﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﻋﲆ ﺍﺻﺪﺍﺭ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺭﺳﻤﻲ ﲠﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺸﺄﻥ‬

Safar Rabi’ (1&2) Jumada (1&2) Rajab Sha’ban Ramadan Dhul Qa’dah Dhul Hijjah

Libyan calendar

August

1053

‫ﻳﻨﺎﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻓﱪﺍﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺭﺱ‬ ‫ﺃﺑﺮﻳﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻳﻮ‬ ‫ﻳﻮﻧﻴﻮ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻳﻮﻟﻴﻮ‬ ‫ﺃﻏﺴﻄﺲ‬ ‫ﺳﺒﺘﻤﱪ‬ ‫ﺃﻛﺘﻮﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﻓﻤﱪ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﺴﻤﱪ‬

Muharram

June

Western Calendar

Thursday

‫ﳏﺮﻡ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺻﻔﺮ‬ ‫ﺭﺑﻴﻊ‬ ￯‫ﲨﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﺟﺐ‬ ‫ﺷﻌﺒﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﻣﻀﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﻌﺪﺓ‬ ‫ﺣﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﹼ‬

900

162

January

61

February

374

‫ﺃﻱ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﺑﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻃﲑ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺻﻴﻒ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﴏ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﺗﺢ‬

March

Ai (January) Nar (January) Rabi’ (March) Tair (April) Maa (May) Saif (June) Nasir (July) Fatih (September)

April May

Seasons

June

1121

June

1722

July

1943

August

3034

‫ﺻﻴﻒ‬ ‫ﺷﺘﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺭﺑﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺧﺮﻳﻒ‬

summer winter spring autumn, fall

September October November December

554

Issuing an official communiqué on this matter was agreed upon 86 | 8020 |

553

796

evening

(in order) 1347

December,

sunset

Days of the week

‫ﺃﺣﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺛﻨﲔ‬ ‫ﺛﻼﺛﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺃﺭﺑﻌﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﲬﻴﺲ‬ ‫ﲨﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺳﺒﺖ‬

‫ﻛﺎﻧﻮﻥ‬

sunset

116

1174

Islamic calendar 1250

dawn

59

‫ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺛﺮ‬n. pl. ‫ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ‬record, trace; sign, mark; effect, influence; ‫ﰲ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺛ ﹺﺮ‬/‫ ﻋﲆ‬immediately after; ‫ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ‬antiquities; ‫ ﹺﻋ ﹾﻠﻢ ﺍﻵﺛﺎﺭ‬archeology ‫ — ﻫﻞ ﺗﺮﻙ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﺰﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺮﺩﻱﺀ ﺃﺛﺮﻩ؟‬Did evil time leave its trace on her?

‫ ﻏ ﹾﹶﺮ ﹺ ﹼﰊ‬adj. Western; n. pl. -uun Westerner; prep.

97 | 7125 |

west of

his lengthy arguments in defense of Western

‫ﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ ﹶﺿ ﹸﺮ ﹶ‬n. necessity, need; ‫ ﺑﺎﻟﴬﻭﺭﺓ‬necessarily ‫ ﺇﲏ ﻻ ﺃﺷﻌﺮ ﺑﴬﻭﺭﺓ‬- ‫ ﻳﺎ ﺃﰊ‬- ‫ﰲ ﺍﳊﻘﻴﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳌﺸﺎﺭﻛﺔ ﰲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳊﻔﻞ‬In truth, my father,

culture, he still has the mentality of an Eastern

I don’t feel the necessity of participating

man

in this ceremony

96 | 7217 |

93 | 7401 |

‫ﺑﺎﻟﺮﻏﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺮﺍﻓﻌﺎﺗﻪ ﺍﳌﻄﻮﻟﺔ ﺩﻓﺎﻋﺎ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﻐﺮﺑﻴﺔ‬ ‫ — ﻓﻬﻮ ﻣﺎ ﺯﺍﻝ ﳛﻤﻞ ﻋﻘﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﻞ ﺍﻟﴩﻗﻲ‬Despite

555

60

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

556

‫ ﻛ ﹺﹶﺮﻳﻢ‬adj. pl. ‫ ﹺﻛﺮﺍﻡ‬noble, distinguished;

562

decent, dignified; generous, magnanimous; dear, precious; Qur]an

teacher; (title) Prof, Mr; (polite form of

‫ ﺍﻟ ﹸﻘ ﹾﺮﺁﻥ ﺍﻟﻜ ﹺﹶﺮﻳﻢ‬the Holy

address)

‫ ﻳﺎ ﺃﺳﺘﺎﺫ‬Sir!; ‫( ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺯ‬Egy.) /’ustaaz/,

(Lev.) /’istaaz, ‘ustaaz/

‫ — ﳚﺐ ﺃﻥ ﺃﻭﻓﺮ ﻻﺑﻨﻲ ﺣﻴﺎﺓ ﻛﺮﻳﻤﺔ‬I must provide

557

‫ ﹸﺃ ﹾﺳﺘﺎﺫ‬n. fem. ‫ ﹸﺃ ﹾﺳﺘﺎ ﹶﺫﺓ‬, pl. ‫ ﹶﺃﺳﺎﺗﹺ ﹶﺬﺓ‬professor,

‫ — ﺃﻧﺎ ﺍﻵﻥ ﺃﺳﺘﺎﺫ ﰱ ﻛﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻄﺐ‬I now am

a dignified life for my son

a professor in the College of Medicine

98 | 6989 |

97 | 6991 |

‫ ﹶﺃ ﹺ‬adj. basic, fundamental ‫ﺳﺎﳼ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻫﻮ ﻓﺼﻞ ﻣﻬﻢ ﻷﻧﻪ ﻳﻘﺪﻡ ﻟﻠﺒﺎﺣﺚ ﺍﳌﺒﺎﺩﺉ ﺍﻷﺳﺎﺳﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ — ﺳﻴﺘﺒﻌﻬﺎ ﰱ ﺭﺳﺎﻟﺘﻪ‬It is an important class

563

‫ ﺍﹺ ﹾﺣﺘﹺﻼﻝ‬vn. occupation (of land or property); filling (a post, a position)

‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻨﻄﻖ ﺃﻥ ﻧﻘﻮﻝ ﺇﻥ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﻗﻮﺓ ﺍﺣﺘﻼﻝ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺍﻕ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻳﺔ ﻟﺴﻮﺭﻳﺎ ﻭﻻ ﺗﺮﻏﺐ ﺑﺘﺤﺴﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﻮﺭﻳﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺍﻗﻴﺔ‬It is logical for us to say that

because it offers the researcher the basic principles which he will follow in his

there is an anti-Syrian occupation force in

dissertation

Iraq and it doesn’t want to improve Iraqi-Syrian

95 | 7216 |

relations 558

‫ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺭﻕ‬coll.n. paper; leaves; cards; ‫ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺭ ﹶﻗﺔ‬un.n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭﺭﺍﻕ‬sheet of paper; leaf; playing card ‫ ﺛﻢ ﺑﺎﻥ ﻋﲆ‬..‫ﺍﻧﺤﻨﻰ ﻭﺳﺠﻞ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻟﻮﺭﻕ ﻛﻞ ﻣﺎ ﻗﻠﺘﻪ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺟﻬﻪ ﺍﻟﺘﻔﻜﲑ‬He leaned over and recorded on

85 | 7979 |

564

n./adj. whites, Caucasians

‫ ﺃﺻﻠﻊ ﻭﻳﺮﺗﺪ￯ ﻣﻌﻄﻔﺎ‬..‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﺐ ﰱ ﺍﻷﺭﺑﻌﻴﻨﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ — ﺃﺑﻴﺾ ﻭﻧﻈﺎﺭﺓ ﻃﺒﻴﺔ ﺑﺈﻃﺎﺭ ﻓﴤ‬The doctor was

the paper everything I said...then he appeared to be thinking

in his 40s...bald, wearing a white coat, and

99 | 6916 |

559

medical glasses with a silver frame

‫ ﻭﺍﻟﹺﺪ‬n. father; fem. ‫ ﻭﺍﻟﹺﺪﹶ ﺓ‬mother; ‫ﺍﻟﻮﺍﻟﹺﺪﺍﻥ‬ parents

‫ﺍﻟﺘﺪﺧﲔ ﺑﲔ ﺍﻟﻄﻠﺒﺔ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﺍﻛﺜﺮ ﻣﺎ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﺍﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺣﺪ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺍﻭ ﻛﻼﳘﺎ ﻣﺪﺧﻨﲔ ﻭﺧﺎﺻﺔ ﰲ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺖ‬Smoking among students is at its

99 | 6824 |

565

‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﻳﺴﺘﻌﺪ ﳌﻐﺎﺩﺭﺓ ﻣﻜﺘﺒﻪ ﺑﻌﺪ ﻳﻮﻡ ﺷﺎﻕ ﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﺳﻤﻊ‬ ‫ — ﻓﺠﺄﺓ ﺻﻮﺕ ﺟﻬﺎﺯ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﻛﺲ‬He was preparing to leave his office after a difficult day when he

of them are smokers, and particularly in the

suddenly heard the sound of the fax machine

home

98 | 6924 |

99 | 6914 |

‫ﲨ ﹺﻌ ﱠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ ﹶ ﹾ‬n. pl. -aat association, society ‫ﺍﻧﻀﻢ ﻣﺎﰐ ﺇﱃ ﳎﻤﻮﻋﺔ ﺍﳌﺸﺎﺭﻛﲔ ﺑﺼﻔﺘﻪ ﺭﺋﻴﺲ ﲨﻌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺃﺻﺪﻗﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﻌﺔ ﰲ ﺍﳉﺎﻣﻌﺔ‬Matti joined the

‫ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻜﺘﹶﺐ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﻣﻜﺎﺗﹺﺐ‬office, bureau, department

highest when one of the parents or both

560

‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺑ ﹶﻴﺾ‬adj. fem. ‫ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻴﻀﺎﺀ‬, pl. ‫ ﺑﹺﻴﺾ‬white; ‫ﺍﻟﺒﹺﻴﺾ‬

566

￯‫ﹶﺪ‬ ‫ ﹸﻣﻨﹾﺘ ﹰ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﻣﻨﹾﺘﹶﺪﹶ ﻳﺎﺕ‬assembly room, gathering

place; (Internet) forum

‫ﺃﻧﺎ ﻋﻀﻮ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻙ ﰲ ﻣﻨﺘﺪ￯ ﺍﳌﺜﻘﻒ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﰊ ﺑﺎﻟﻘﺎﻫﺮﺓ ﻣﻨﺬ‬ ‫ ﻡ‬٢٠٠١ ‫ — ﺗﺄﺳﻴﺴﻪ ﻋﺎﻡ‬I have been a

group of participants in his role as president of

participating member in the Arab Intellectual

the Friends of Nature organization in the

Forum in Cairo since its inception in 2001

university

81 | 8390 | +for

95 | 7203 |

561

‫ ﹶﺭ ﹾﺳ ﹺﻤ ﹼﻲ‬adj. official, formal; ‫ ﹶﺭ ﹾﺳ ﹺﻤ ﹼﻴ ﹰﺎ‬officially,

formally

‫ﻟﻘﻴﻬﺎ ﺧﺎﺩﻡ ﻭﻗﻮﺭ ﺑﻤﻼﺑﺲ ﺭﺳﻤﻴﺔ ﺳﻮﺩﺍﺀ ﻭﻗﺎﺩﻫﺎ ﺇﱃ‬ ‫ — ﻗﺎﻋﺔ ﻛﺒﲑﺓ‬A staid servant met her in official

567

‫ﻘﺎﻭ ﹶﻣﺔ‬ ‫ ﹸﻣ ﹶ‬n. resistance, opposition ‫ﺗﻔﺘﺢ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺏ ﺃﻣﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻣﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻷﺧﺮ￯ ﻟﻠﻤﻄﺎﻟﺒﺔ ﺑﺈﺣﻴﺎﺀ‬ ‫ — ﻟﻐﺎﲥﺎ ﻭﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺔ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺴﻮﺩﺍﻥ‬It opens the door for other nationalities to demand the revival of their languages and to resist the

black clothing and led her to a big hall

Arabic language in the Sudan

97 | 7019 |

87 | 7766 |

Frequency index

568

‫ ﹺﺷ ﹾﻌﺮ‬n. poetry ‫ﻗﺪ ﺍﺧﱰﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺮ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎ ﳌﺤﺎﻭﻟﺘﻲ ﻷﻥ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺮ ﻫﻮ‬ ‫— ﺍﻟﻔﻦ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺗﴬﺏ ﺟﺬﻭﺭﻩ ﺑﺸﺪﺓ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﻳﻢ‬

575

‫— ﺇﺫﺍ ﺃﺭﺩﺕ ﺃﻳﺔ ﻣﺴﺎﻋﺪﺓ ﻻ ﺗﱰﺩﺩ ﰱ ﻃﻠﺒﻬﺎ ﻣﻨﻲ‬

I chose poetry as a subject for my attempt,

If you want any help, don’t hesitate to ask me

because poetry is the art whose roots go way

99 | 6681 |

98 | 6856 |

576

‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺃﻟﻒ ﺷﺎﺏ ﻣﴫ￯ ﻳﺘﻤﻨﻮﻥ ﻣﻜﺎﻧﻚ ﰱ ﻛﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻄﺐ‬There were a thousand Egyptian young men who would have liked your spot in the

— The agency benefits from its international,

College of Medicine

regional, and local relationships to provide the

99 | 6663 |

private sector

577

95 | 7121 |

‫ ﺛﻢ ﺻﻌﺪ ﺑﺒﻂﺀ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺝ‬،‫ﺃﻏﻠﻖ ﺻﻼﺡ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺏ ﻭﺭﺍﺀﻩ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳌﻔﴣ ﺇﱃ ﺣﺠﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﻨﻮﻡ‬Salah shut the door behind him, and then slowly went up the stairs

don’t waste it

leading to the bedroom

99 | 6811 |

‫ ﺇﹺ ﹾﻋﻼﻡ‬n. information, media; vn. informing, notifying

90 | 7372 |

578

‫ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺏ ﳏﻘﻮﻥ ﰲ ﺷﻜﻮﺍﻫﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻥ ﺇﻋﻼﻡ ﺍﻟﻐﺮﺏ ﻳﻌﻄﻲ‬ ‫ — ﻗﻴﻤﺔ ﺃﻛﱪ ﻟﻠﻘﺘﲆ ﺍﻹﴎﺍﺋﻴﻠﻴﲔ‬The Arabs are right

to Qais 94 | 7026 |

greater value on the Israeli dead

572

‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﹾﴘ‬ ‫ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺮﻧ ﹼ‬n./adj. pl. -uun French ‫ﺇﳖﺎ ﻣﻐﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﺍﻻﺻﻞ ﻛﻨﺪﻳﺔ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻴﺔ ﺑﺜﻼﺙ ﻟﻐﺎﺕ ﻫﻲ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻻﻧﺠﻠﻴﺰﻳﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻔﺮﻧﻴﺴﻴﺔ‬She is of

579

‫— ﺃﺩﺍﺀ ﺍﻻﻣﺘﺤﺎﻥ ﻻ ﻳﻜﻔﻲ ﻭﺣﺪﻩ ﻟﻠﻨﺠﺎﺡ‬

Test performance is not enough, by itself, for success 99 | 6640 |

three languages: Arabic, English and French

573

‫ ﻓﹺﻴﻠﻢ‬/film/ n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻓﻼﻡ‬film, movie ‫ﻳﺮﺗﺪ￯ ﺛﻴﺎﺑﻪ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﻳﻤﺔ ﻭﻳﺸﺎﻫﺪ ﻓﻴﻠﲈ ﺃﺑﻴﺾ ﻭﺃﺳﻮﺩ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺴﺘﻴﻨﻴﺎﺕ ﻭﻳﺴﺘﻤﻊ ﺇﱃ ﺃﻏﻨﻴﺎﺕ ﺃﻡ ﻛﻠﺜﻮﻡ‬He puts

580

99 | 6620 |

white film from the 60s and listens to Um 96 | 6929 |

574

‫ ﹶﻓ ﹺﻬ ﹶﻢ‬v. I (a) to understand sth/sb or ‫ ﰲ‬sth or ‫ﹶﺃ ﹼﻥ‬ that; (Dia.) to understand ‫ ﻋﲆ‬sb ‫ — ﻻ ﺃﻓﻬﻢ ﳌﺎﺫﺍ ﺗﻜﺮﻫﻪ ﺇﱃ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳊﺪ‬I don’t understand why you hate him so much

on his old clothes and watches a black and Kalthoum songs

‫ ﹶﻭ ﹾﺣﺪ‬n. (with pron.) ‫ ﹶﻭ ﹾﺣﺪﹶ ﹸﻩ‬, ß‫ ﹶﻭ ﹾﺣﺪﹶ ﻫﺎ‬alone, by itself/himself/herself; only it/he/she

Moroccan origin, Canadian of nationality, with 95 | 6976 |

‫ ﹸﺳ ﹺ‬n./adj. Syrian ‫ﻱ‬ ‫ﻮﺭ ﹼ‬ ‫ — ﳛﻤﻞ ﻟﻘﻴﺲ ﻣﺌﺔ ﻭﲬﺴﲔ ﻟﲑﺓ ﺳﻮﺭﻳﺔ‬He is carrying one hundred and fifty Syrian Lira

in their complaint that Western media places 95 | 7023 | +news

‫ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻮ ﹺ‬ ‫ ﹶﻭﺭﺍﺀ‬n. ‫ ﹶﻭﺭﺍ ﹶﺀ‬behind, past, beyond; ‫ﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ backward, in reverse; ‫ ﹶﻭﺭﺍ ﹸﺀ‬adv. behind; ‫ﻦ ﹶﻭﺭﺍ ﹸﺀ‬ ‫ﻣ ﹾ‬ from behind

‫ ﹶﻋﻈﹺﻴﻢ‬adj. pl. ‫ ﹺﻋﻈﺎﻡ‬great, mighty, powerful ‫ — ﺃﻣﺎﻣﻚ ﻓﺮﺻﺔ ﻋﻈﻴﻤﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﻌﻠﻢ ﻓﻼ ﺗﻀﻴﻌﻬﺎ‬You have a great opportunity to get an education, so

571

‫ﺷﺎﺏ‬ n. pl. ‫ ﹸﺷ ﹼﺒﺎﻥ‬young man; adj. youthful, ‫ﹼ‬ fresh

‫ﹶﲇ‬ ‫ ﹶﳏ ﱢ ﹼ‬adj. local; ‫ ﹶﳏ ﹶ ﱢﻠ ﹼﻴ ﹰﺎ‬locally ‫ﺍﳉﻬﺎﺯ ﻳﺴﺘﻔﻴﺪ ﻣﻦ ﻋﻼﻗﺎﺗﻪ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻻﻗﻠﻴﻤﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﳌﺤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻮﻓﲑ ﺍﻻﺣﺼﺎﺀﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻼﺯﻣﺔ ﻟﻠﺤﻜﻮﻣﺔ ﻭﻟﻠﻘﻄﺎﻉ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ‬

necessary statistics to the government and the

570

‫ ﹶﻃ ﹶﻠﺐ‬n. pl. -aat request; demand; application; (purchase) order

back to ancient times

569

61

581

‫ ﺑﹺﻼ‬prep. without; (Lev.) /bala/, (Alg.) /bla/ ‫ﺍﻷﺳﺎﻟﻴﺐ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻳﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﺸﲔ ﺑﻴﺖ ﰲ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺠﻮﺍﺏ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻋﻮﻣﺔ ﺑﻼ ﺷﻚ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ ﳏﻜﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻝ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻴﺎ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻻﴎﺍﺋﻴﻠﻴﺔ‬The methods which Shin Bet use

‫ ﹶﻃﺒﹺ ﹺ‬adj. natural, normal ‫ﻴﻌ ﹼﻲ‬ ‫ — ﻳﺌﺴﺖ ﲤﺎﻣﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﺌﻨﺎﻑ ﺣﻴﺎﲥﺎ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﻌﻴﺔ‬She

to interrogate are supported, without a doubt,

completely despaired of resuming her normal life

by the Israeli High Court of Justice

97 | 6829 |

99 | 6635 |

62

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

582

‫ ﹶﺩ ﹾﻋ ﹶﻮﺓ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺩﻋﹶﻮﺍﺕ‬call; invitation; propaganda; ‫ﹺ‬ (‫( ﹶﺩﻋ ﹶﹾﻮﺓ )ﺇﹺ ﹾﺳﻼﻣ ﱠﻴﺔ‬Islamic) missionary work,

588

died of addiction

Da’wah

‫ﻣﻨﺬ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺍﳊﲔ ﺗﺘﺪﻓﻖ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺪﻋﻮﺍﺕ ﻟﻠﻤﺸﺎﺭﻛﺔ ﰲ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳌﻬﺮﺟﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺮﻳﺔ ﰲ ﳐﺘﻠﻒ ﺍﺭﺟﺎﺀ ﻫﻮﻟﻨﺪﺍ‬Since that time invitations to participate in poetry

‫ ﹶﻭ ﹺﺣﻴﺪ‬adj. only, sole, exclusive; alone ‫ — ﻟﻘﺪ ﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﺑﻨﻰ ﺍﻟﻮﺣﻴﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻹﺩﻣﺎﻥ‬My only son 99 | 6577 |

589

festivals have poured in from various parts of Holland 98 | 6683 |

‫ ﹶﺃ ﹺﻣﲑ‬n. prince, commander; (title) Emir, Prince; ‫ﹺ‬ fem. ‫ ﹶﺃﻣ ﹶﲑﺓ‬princess; (title) Emira, Princess ‫ﻗﺪ ﻭﻟﺪ ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻮ ﺃﻣﲑ ﺩﻭﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﻮﻳﺖ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﺦ‬ ١٩٢٨ ‫— ﺟﺎﺑﺮ ﺍﻻﲪﺪ ﺍﳉﺎﺑﺮ ﺍﻟﺼﺒﺎﺡ ﺳﻨﺔ‬ His Majesty, Sheikh Jabir Al-Ahmad Al-Jabir

583

‫ ﹶﺧ ﹾﻄ ﹶﻮﺓ‬and ‫ ﹸﺧ ﹾﻄ ﹶﻮﺓ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺧ ﹶﻄﻮﺍﺕ‬, ß‫ ﹸﺧ ﹸﻄﻮﺍﺕ‬, ß‫ﻄﻰ‬ ‫ﹸﺧ ﹰ‬

Al-Sabah, the Emir of Kuwait, was born in

‫ ﻣﺘﻤﻬﻼ ﻛﺄﻧﲈ ﻳﺆﻛﺪ‬،‫ﺗﻘﺪﻡ ﺧﻄﻮﺓ ﺍﱃ ﻭﺳﻂ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺳﻴﻄﺮﺗﻪ ﻋﲆ ﺍﳌﻮﻗﻒ‬He moved forward

95 | 6843 |

the year 1928

step, stride; measure

a step into the center of the hall, hesitating

590

as if to make sure of his control over the situation

anything, consultation is free for a month

98 | 6719 |

584

585

‫ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺑﺪ‬n. eternity, forever; ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺑﺪ ﹰﺍ‬never; not at all; (Irq.Gul.) ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺑﺪ‬never; not at all ‫ﳌﺎﺫﺍ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﻋﲇ ﺃﻥ ﺃﺣﺮﻡ ﻣﻦ ﺍﺑﻨﺘﻰ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻷﺑﺪ ﻳﺎ ﺷﻴﺦ‬ ‫ — ﳎﺪ؟‬Why should I have to be deprived of

‫ ﹸﻣﺪﱠ ﺓ‬n. time period, length of time, interval ‫ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺸﺎﺭﺓ ﳎﺎﻧﻴﺔ‬..‫ﺇﺫﺍ ﺃﺭﺩﺕ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻔﺴﺎﺭ ﻋﻦ ﺃ￯ ﳾﺀ‬ ‫ — ﳌﺪﺓ ﺷﻬﺮ‬If you want to inquire about 98 | 6655 |

591

‫ﹺ‬ ‫ ﹺﺳﺘﱠﺔ‬num. fem. ‫ ﹺﺳ ﹼﺖ‬six; ‫ﹶﴩ‬ ‫ ﺳ ﱠﺘ ﹶﺔ ﻋ ﹶ ﹶ‬sixteen ‫ ﻭﻣﺎ‬،‫ﻟﻘﺪ ﻣﺮﺕ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺍﻵﻥ ﺳﺖ ﺳﻨﻮﺍﺕ ﻋﲆ ﺃﴎﻫﻢ‬ ‫ — ﺯﻟﻨﺎ ﲨﻴﻌﺎ ﰲ ﺍﻻﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ‬Up to now six years have passed since they were imprisoned, and we are

my daughter forever, Sheikh Magd?

still waiting

92 | 7129 |

99 | 6601 |

‫ ﹶﺗ ﹾﻘ ﹺﺪﻳﻢ‬n. offering, presenting, submitting ‫— ﻧﺤﻦ ﺇﺧﻮﺓ ﻭﻣﺴﺘﻌﺪﻭﻥ ﻟﺘﻘﺪﻳﻢ ﺍﻟﺪﻋﻢ ﻣﺘﻰ ﺍﺣﺘﺠﺘﻢ‬

592

‫ ﹶﺗﻐﹾﻴﹺﲑ‬n. pl. -aat change, modification; replacement, switch

‫ﺇﺫﺍ ﻛﻨﺎ ﻧﺤﺐ ﻣﴫ ﻓﻌﻠﻴﻨﺎ ﺃﻥ ﻧﺒﺬﻝ ﺃﻗﴡ ﺟﻬﺪﻧﺎ ﻟﺘﻐﻴﲑ‬ ‫ — ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻨﻈﺎﻡ‬If we love Egypt, we must exert

We are brothers and we are prepared to offer support when you need it

our utmost efforts to change this regime

88 | 7457 |

98 | 6605 |

586

￯‫ﺪ‬ ‫ ﹶﻣ ﹰ‬n. range, extent, reach; time period, duration

593

‫ﻫﻞ ﻳﺪﺭﻛﻮﻥ ﻣﺪ￯ ﺑﺸﺎﻋﺔ ﺍﳉﺮﺍﺋﻢ ﺍﻟﺘﻰ ﺗﻘﱰﻓﻬﺎ‬ ‫ — ﺣﻜﻮﻣﺎﲥﻢ ﰱ ﺣﻖ ﺍﻹﻧﺴﺎﻧﻴﺔ؟‬Do they realize the extent of the monstrosity of the crimes their

Alexandria was transformed into a Holocaust for

governments are committing against human

its people, and many families perished, some

rights?

leaving behind only a single child

95 | 6917 |

587

‫ ﹶﲡ ﹺ‬experiment, test; experience, ‫ ﺗ ﹾﹶﺠ ﹺﺮ ﹶﺑﺔ‬n. pl. ‫ﺎﺭﺏ‬

‫ﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬v. I (u) to die, pass away; (Lev.) to love ‫ ﰲ‬sth/sb to death ‫ﲢﻮﻟﺖ ﺍﻹﺳﻜﻨﺪﺭﻳﺔ ﺇﱃ ﳏﺮﻗﺔ ﻷﻫﻠﻬﺎ ﻭﻣﺎﺕ ﻛﺜﲑ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫— ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺋﻼﺕ ﻭﱂ ﻳﺘﺒﻖ ﻣﻦ ﺑﻌﻀﻬﺎ ﻏﲑ ﻃﻔﻞ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ‬

98 | 6614 |

594

‫ ﺩﺍﺭ‬fem.n. pl. ‫ ﹺﺩﻳﺎﺭ‬,ß‫ ﹸﺩﻭﺭ‬house, home, abode;

encounter; trial, ordeal

family, household

United States has learned from the Iraqi

with the excuse of returning to the home of

‫ﺃﻻ ﺗﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻮﻻﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﺘﺤﺪﺓ ﻗﺪ ﺗﻌﻠﻤﺖ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺮﺑﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺍﻗﻴﺔ؟‬Don’t you believe that the

‫ﺍﺳﺘﺄﺫﻧﺖ ﺍﺻﺤﺎﰊ ﺑﺤﺠﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻮﺩﺓ ﺍﱃ ﺩﺍﺭ ﺍﳊﺎﺝ ﻓﺮﻳﺢ‬ ‫ — ﻟﻼﻃﻤﺌﻨﺎﻥ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬I begged leave of my friends

experience?

Hajj Furaih to check up on him

98 | 6687 |

99 | 6566 |

Frequency index

595

596

‫ ﹸﺩ ﹸﺧﻮﻝ‬n. entering, entrance ‫ﺻﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﺏ ﺣﺠﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﺴﺖ ﻣﺮﻳﻢ ﻻ ﻳﻔﺘﺢ ﺇﻻ ﻟﺪﺧﻮﻝ ﺃﺣﺪ‬ ‫ — ﺃﻭ ﺧﺮﻭﺟﻪ‬Mrs Miryam’s room door now

601

‫ ﻧﹶﺸﺎﻁ‬n. pl. -aat, ‫ ﺃﻧ ﹺﹾﺸ ﹶﻄﺔ‬activity, movement, action

did not open except for someone to go in or

‫ﺑﺪﺃﺕ ﺗﻨﻬﻤﻚ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺔ ﻭﺍﻷﻧﺸﻄﺔ ﺍﳉﺎﻣﻌﻴﺔ ﻋﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ — ﺗﻨﺴﻰ ﻣﺎ ﻛﺎﻥ‬She began to immerse herself

come out

in her studies and in university activities,

96 | 6772 |

so that perhaps she might forget what had

‫ﳘ ﱠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹶ ﱢ‬n. importance, significance ‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﱄ ﺇﻥ ﺷﺨﺼﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻄﺎﻟﺐ ﻋﻨﺪﻩ ﻻ ﺗﻘﻞ‬ ‫ — ﺃﳘﻴﺔ ﻋﻦ ﻣﺴﺘﻮﺍﻩ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻲ‬He told me that

63

happened 98 | 6586 |

602

the personality of the student, for him, was not less important than his educational

‫ ﹺﺿ ﹾﻤ ﹶﻦ‬prep. within, inside; among ‫ﺣﺼﻞ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﻋﲆ ﺃﻥ ﲢﻞ ﺍﳌﻴﻠﻴﺸﻴﺎﺕ ﻭﺗﺪﻣﺞ ﺿﻤﻦ‬ ‫ — ﻗﻮﺍﺕ ﺍﻷﻣﻦ‬An agreement took place over dissolving the militias and integrating them into

level

the security forces

93 | 6963 |

97 | 6646 |

597

‫ ﹶﺻ ﹾﻌﺐ‬adj. difficult, hard ‫ ﻟﻜﻦ ﺍﻻﺟﺎﺑﺔ‬،‫ﻃﺎﳌﺎ ﺳﺄﻟﺖ ﻧﻔﴘ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺴﺆﺍﻝ‬ ‫ — ﺻﻌﺒﺔ ﻟﻠﻐﺎﻳﺔ‬I have often asked myself this

603

European

‫— ﺑﺘﺎﺑﻊ ﺃﺧﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺮﻳﺎﺿﺔ ﺧﺎﺻﺔ ﺍﻟﺮﻳﺎﺿﺔ ﺍﻻﻭﺭﻭﺑﻴﺔ‬

questions, but the answer is very hard

I follow sports news, especially European sports

98 | 6619 |

598

news 91 | 7003 |

‫ ﹸﻣ ﹾﻘﺒﹺﻞ‬adj. next, coming, approaching,

nearing

‫ﺃﻧﺎ ﺇﻥ ﺷﺎﺀ ﺍﷲ ﺳﺄﻛﻮﻥ ﺑﻴﻨﻜﻢ ﰲ ﺍﻷﺳﺒﻮﻉ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳌﻘﺒﻞ‬Hopefully I will be among you

604

next week 87 | 7399 |

599

‫ﻭﰊ‬ ‫ ﹸﺃ ﹸ‬and ‫ﻭﺭ ﱢ ﹼﰊ‬ ‫ ﹸﺃ ﹸ‬/’urubbi/ n./adj. pl. -uun ‫ﻭﺭ ﱢ ﹼ‬

‫ ﹶﻓﻨ ﹼﱢﻲ‬adj. artistic; technical; n. technician ‫ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﳌﺮﺍﻗﺒﺔ ﺍﻟﴩﻛﺎﺕ ﻓﻬﻲ ﻟﻴﺲ ﻟﺪﳞﺎ ﺍﻷﺟﻬﺰﺓ ﺍﻟﻔﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻘﺪﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﻨﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﳌﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺩﺭﺓ ﻋﲆ ﺃﻥ ﺗﺬﻫﺐ ﻟﻜﻞ‬ ‫— ﻣﻮﻗﻊ ﻳﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﻤﺜﻞ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺎﻃﺎﺕ‬ In regard to watching over the companies, it does not have the technical apparatus and the

‫ ﹶﺣﺪﹶ ﺙ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺣﺪﺍﺙ‬event, incident ‫ﺭﺍﺣﺖ ﺗﺴﱰﺟﻊ ﰲ ﺫﻫﻨﻬﺎ ﲨﻴﻊ ﺍﻷﺣﺪﺍﺙ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺟﺮﺕ‬

technical abilities nor the resources which would enable it to go to each site which carries

— She started to review in her mind everything

out these activities

that had happened

87 | 7291 |

97 | 6675 |

600

‫ ﹶﺩ ﹾﻭ ﹶﺭﺓ‬n. pl. -aat (sports) championship,

605

‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﺿ ﹶﺢ‬v. IV to clarify, explain (‫ ﻝ‬to sb) ‫ﹶﺃ ﱠﻥ‬ that

circulation; round (elections); session

‫ﻭﺃﻭﺿﺢ ﻧﺎﻓﻊ ﺃﻥ ﺃﻓﻀﻞ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺜﲈﺭﺍﺕ ﰲ ﻣﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ — ﻫﻮ ﺑﻨﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺸﻘﻖ‬Nafie clarified that the best

(meeting); tour, patrol, round; (school)

investments in the city of Aqaba were in the

course, class;

building of apartments

tournament; cycle, turn, rotation, lap;

‫ ﹶﺩ ﹾﻭ ﹶﺭﺓ ﹺﻣﻴﺎﻩ‬bathroom, toilet ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻈﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺋﻊ ﳌﺴﲑﺓ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﻠﺔ ﻳﺒﴩ ﺑﺘﻨﻈﻴﻢ ﺍﺭﻭﻉ ﻟﺪﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻟﻌﺎﺏ ﺍﻵﺳﻴﻮﻳﺔ ﺑﺎﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﺍﳊﺪﺙ ﺍﻻﻫﻢ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺗﱰﻗﺒﻪ‬ ‫ — ﲨﻴﻊ ﺩﻭﻝ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﱂ‬The splendid organization of the torch relay bodes well for an even more

86 | 7400 | +news

606

‫ ﹸﻗﺪﹾ ﹶﺭﺓ‬n. pl. -aat, ‫ ﹸﻗﺪﹸ ﺭﺍﺕ‬capacity, ability, potential, power

tournament, in consideration of the fact that

‫ﺍﺷﺘﻬﺮ ﺃﻳﻀﺎ ﺑﺎﻟﺼﱪ ﻭﺍﻟﻘﺪﺭﺓ ﻋﲆ ﻣﻌﺎﻳﺸﺔ ﺍﻷﱂ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺍﻻﻧﻐﲈﺱ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻜﺂﺑﺔ‬He also became famous

it is the most important event that all countries

for patience and the ability to live with pain

splendid organization of the Asian Games

of the world are waiting for

and to immerse himself in depression

96 | 6738 |

95 | 6671 |

64

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

607

‫ ﻧﹺ ﹾﺼﻒ‬n. half, middle, semi،‫ﻇﻞ ﺻﺎﻣﺘﺎ ﳛﺪﻕ ﰱ ﺍﻟﺴﻘﻒ ﻣﺎ ﻳﻘﺮﺏ ﻣﻦ ﻧﺼﻒ ﺳﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺛﻢ ﻗﺎﻡ ﻭﺧﺮﺝ ﻣﻦ ﺷﻘﺘﻪ‬He remained silent,

613

staring at the ceiling for about a half hour, then

‫ ﹶﺭ ﹶﺟ ﹶﻊ‬v. I (i) to return, go back, come back ‫ﺇﱃ‬ to; to be traced back ‫ ﺇﱃ‬to; to reverse ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﹺﹺ‬ (one’s decision); to go back (‫ ﺑﹺﻜﹶﻼﻣﻪ‬on one’s word)

he got up and left the apartment

‫ — ﻟﻘﺪ ﺗﺮﻛﺖ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺭ ﻭﻟﻦ ﺍﺭﺟﻊ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ‬I quit

96 | 6574 |

working at the bar and will not return to it 98 | 6428 |

608

‫ﺍﺣﺔ‬ ‫ ﹶﴏ ﹶ‬n. sincerity, candor, frankness; ‫ﺍﺣﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﹺ ﹶﴫ ﹶ‬ ‫ﹰ‬ and ‫ﺍﺣﺔ‬ ‫ﴏ ﹶ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬frankly ‫ ﺳﺄﺳﺄﻟﻚ ﺳﺆﺍﻻ ﻭﺃﺭﺟﻮ ﺃﻥ‬،‫ﺍﺳﻤﻊ ﻳﺎ ﻃﺎﺭﻕ‬ ‫ — ﲡﻴﺐ ﺑﴫﺍﺣﺔ‬Listen, Tariq, I will ask you a

614

question and I want you to answer frankly

‫ ﺇﹺ ﹼﻳﺎ‬part. (with object pron.) ‫( ﺇﹺ ﹼﻳﺎﻫﺎ‬to/of ) her; ‫ﹺ‬ ß‫ ﹶﻭﺇﹺ ﹼﻳﺎﻫﺎ‬with her (= ‫) ﹶﻣ ﹶﻌﻬﺎ‬ (with ‫)ﻭﺍﻭ ﺍ ﹶﳌﻌ ﱠﻴﺔ‬ß ‫ﺟﺎﺀﺕ ﺇﺣﺪ￯ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﻋﻴﺎﺕ ﺇﱃ ﻓﺼﻞ ﳌﻴﺲ ﳐﱪﺓ ﺇﻳﺎﻫﺎ ﺑﺄﻥ‬ ‫— ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﻘﺴﻢ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻮﻱ ﺑﺎﳌﺪﺭﺳﺔ ﻗﺪ ﻃﻠﺒﺖ ﺭﺅﻳﺘﻬﺎ‬ One of the messengers came to Lamis’ class

95 | 6651 |

informing her that the director of the secondary 609

‫ ﹶﲨﺎ ﹶﻋﺔ‬n. pl. -aat group, party; gang ‫ ﻣﺶ ﻋﺎﻭﺯﻳﻦ ﻧﻔﺴﺪ ﺍﳌﻨﺎﺳﺒﺔ ﺍﳉﻤﻴﻠﺔ‬..‫ﺧﻼﺹ ﻳﺎ ﲨﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺩﻱ‬Cool it, guys, we don’t want to spoil this lovely occasion

department had requested to see her 97 | 6471 | +spo

615

98 | 6437 |

610

‫ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻌ ﹺﺮ ﹶﻓﺔ‬vn. knowing sth/sb; meeting sb,

connected with this house...I lived in it for

‫ ﹶﻣ ﹺ‬knowledge, information; culture, ‫ﻌﺎﺭﻑ‬

a part of me life

twenty years...every corner in it reminds me of

becoming acquainted with sb; n. pl.

99 | 6296 |

education

‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﻜﲑ ﻭﺍﳌﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺄﻣﻞ ﻫﻲ ﻣﺎ ﻳﻤﻴﺰ ﺍﻻﻧﺴﺎﻥ ﻋﻦ‬ ￯‫ — ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺋﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻻﺧﺮ‬Thinking and knowledge

616

‫ ﹸﺑ ﹸﻄﻮ ﹶﻟﺔ‬n. heroism; starring role; pl. -aat championship, tournament

and contemplation are what distinguish man

‫ﻭﺗﱰﻗﺐ ﺍﳌﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﺣﺎﻟﻴﺎ ﺑﺪﺀ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﺑﻄﻮﻟﺔ ﻛﺄﺱ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﱂ‬ ‫ﺣﻴﺚ ﻳﺴﺘﻀﻴﻒ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺩ ﺍﳌﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﺑﻌﺾ ﻣﺒﺎﺭﻳﺎﺕ ﻛﺄﺱ‬ ٢٠٠٦ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻌﺎﱂ‬The city is currently waiting

from the other creatures 99 | 6380 |

611

‫ ﹺﻋ ﹾﺸ ﹸﺮﻭﻥ‬num. twenty; twentieth ‫ ﻛﻞ‬..‫ ﻋﺸﺖ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻋﴩﻳﻦ ﻋﺎﻣﺎ‬..‫ﺍﺭﺗﺒﻄﺖ ﲠﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺖ‬ ‫ — ﺭﻛﻦ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻳﺬﻛﺮﻧﻰ ﺑﺠﺰﺀ ﻣﻦ ﺣﻴﺎﺗﻰ‬I am

for the opening events of the World Cup

‫ ﻛ ﱠ‬as if ‫ ﹶﻇ ﹶﻬ ﹶﺮ‬v. I (a) to appear; seem ‫ﹶﺄﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﻔﺖ ﺃﻣﺎﻡ ﺍﳌﺤﻞ ﻣﱰﺩﺩﺓ ﳊﻈﺎﺕ ﺣﺘﻰ ﻓﻮﺟﺌﺖ‬ ‫ — ﺑﺎﻟﺒﺎﺏ ﻳﻔﺘﺢ ﻭﺗﻈﻬﺮ ﻓﺘﺎﺓ ﰱ ﺍﻟﻌﴩﻳﻨﻴﺎﺕ‬She

championships, since the city stadium will host some of the 2006 World Cup matches 92 | 6755 |

stood in front of the shop hesitantly for a few moments, until she was surprised when the door opened and a girl in her 20s

617

appeared 99 | 6363 |

612

‫ ﻧﹶﺠﺎﺡ‬n. pl. -aat success ‫ﺣﻘﻖ ﺍﻷﺳﻠﻮﺏ ﺍﳉﺪﻳﺪ ﻧﺠﺎﺣﺎ ﺑﺎﻫﺮﺍ ﺟﻌﻞ ﺃﻗﺴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﴩﻃﺔ ﺍﻷﺧﺮ￯ ﺗﺄﺧﺬ ﺑﻪ‬The new style achieved a notable success which made the other police departments take notice of it

‫ﻮﺍﺟ ﹶﻬﺔ‬ ‫ ﹸﻣ ﹶ‬vn. facing, confronting, encountering;

97 | 6377 |

n. pl. -aat confrontation, encounter

situation is bad, and there could be

‫ ﹸﺷ ﹾﺮ ﹶﻃﺔ‬n. police ‫ﻗﻴﻞ ﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﴩﻃﺔ ﻗﺪ ﺩﺍﳘﺖ ﺍﳊﻲ ﻭﺍﻋﺘﻘﻠﺖ ﺳﻤﲑ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳌﺮﻧﻴﻨﻲ ﻣﻮﺟﻬﺔ ﻟﻪ ﲥﻤﺔ ﺍﻻﻋﺘﺪﺍﺀ ﻋﲆ ﺍﳌﺨﺘﺎﺭ‬It was

confrontations in the next few hours between

said that the police raided the quarter and

the demonstrators and the army

arrested Samir Al-Marnini, accusing him of

88 | 7117 |

assaulting the mayor

‫ ﻭﻗﺪ ﲢﺪﺙ ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻬﺎﺕ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻮﺿﻊ ﳼﺀ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻘﻠﻴﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺩﻣﺔ ﺑﲔ ﺍﳌﺘﻈﺎﻫﺮﻳﻦ ﻭﺍﳉﻴﺶ‬The

618

94 | 6594 |

Frequency index

619

620

‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﺐ‬ ‫ ﹶﻟﻌ ﹶ‬v. I (a) to play (game, role) ‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﻳﻠﻌﺐ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻣﻴﻨﻮ ﻣﻊ ﺃﺣﺪ ﺍﻷﺷﺨﺎﺹ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺣﻮﳍﲈ ﺛﻼﺛﺔ ﺁﺧﺮﻭﻥ‬He was playing

625

‫ ﹶﺑﻨﹾﻚ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﺑﻨﹸﻮﻙ‬bank (financial institution) ‫ ﻣﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﺭﻫﻢ ﺍﱃ‬٣٠٠ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻨﻚ ﻳﻌﺘﺰﻡ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﺓ ﺭﺃﺳﲈﻟﻪ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ — ﻣﻠﻴﺎﺭ ﺩﺭﻫﻢ‬The bank intends to increase its

dominoes with one of his friends, with

capital from 300 million dirhams to a billion

three others around them

dirhams

99 | 6236 |

95 | 6456 |

‫ ﹶﺗﻨ ﹺﹾﻤ ﹶﻴﺔ‬n. development, growth; progress ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻠﺪﻳﺎﺕ ﲢﺘﺎﺝ ﺇﱃ ﺗﻨﻤﻴﺔ ﺷﻤﻮﻟﻴﺔ ﻋﲆ ﻛﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳌﺴﺘﻮﻳﺎﺕ‬The towns need comprehensive

626

65

‫ ﹶﻓ ﹾﺮﺩ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻓﺮﺍﺩ‬individual, person; ‫ﹶﻓ ﹾﺮﺩ ﹰﺍ ﹶﻓ ﹾﺮﺩ ﹰﺍ‬

separately, individually, one by one

‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﺃﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺋﻠﺔ ﺍﳌﻘﺮﺑﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﻮﺣﻴﺪﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻋﻠﻤﻮﺍ‬ ‫ — ﺑﻤﺮﺽ ﺃﻣﻲ‬Close family members were the

development on all levels

only ones who knew about my mother’s illness

80 | 7662 |

97 | 6261 |

621

‫ﺣﺎﺟﺔ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬n. pl. -aat need, want (for what one lacks); desire, wish; objective, purpose, goal;

627

‫ﺤﺎﺟﺔ ﺇﱃ‬ ‫ ﺑﹺ ﹶ‬in need of ‫ﺃﺻﺪﺭ ﳎﻠﺲ ﺍﻟﻮﺯﺭﺍﺀ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺍ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﲑﺍﺩ ﻣﺎﺋﺘﻲ ﺃﻟﻒ ﺟﻬﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺒﻴﻮﺗﺮ ﻟﺘﻠﺒﻴﺔ ﺣﺎﺟﺎﺕ ﺍﳉﺎﻣﻌﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﳌﻌﺎﻫﺪ ﻭﺍﳌﺪﺍﺭﺱ‬ — The Council of Ministers issued a decision to import two hundred thousand computers to

is, of course, one of the very well-known soccer clubs 99 | 6167 |

628

cover the needs of the universities, institutes and schools 98 | 6242 |

622

‫ ﹶﻓﻜ ﹶﱠﺮ‬v. II to think ‫ﺏ‬/‫ ﰲ‬about sth/sb; to ‫ ﰲ ﹶﺃ ﹾ‬doing sth; to think, believe consider ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ ﹶﺃ ﱠﻥ‬that ‫ﻣﺸﻰ ﰱ ﺷﺎﺭﻉ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﻥ ﻳﻔﻜﺮ ﰱ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺺ‬ ‫— ﺍﻟﺴﻌﻴﺪ ﺍﻟﺬ￯ ﺃﻃﻠﻖ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻻﺳﻢ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺭﻉ‬

foreign workers who are unemployed 97 | 6247 |

629

this happy person that the street had been

putting on plays

99 | 6168 |

86 | 7056 |

630

promotion, encouragement

‫ﺃﻧﺎ ﻟﺪﻱ ﺭﺅﻳﺔ ﻭﺍﺿﺤﺔ ﺑﺎﳘﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻄﻮﻳﺮ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺚ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺍﻻﺻﻼﺡ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﳌﺴﺘﻘﺒﻞ ﺷﻌﺒﻨﺎ‬I have a clear

‫ ﹺ‬n. pl. ‫ﻮﺍﻋﺪ‬ ‫ ﹶﻗ ﹺ‬rule, principle, basis; ‫ﻗﺎﻋﺪﹶ ﺓ‬ (military) base; ‫ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻋﺪﺓ‬Al-Qaeda ‫ — ﳚﻬﻠﻮﻥ ﺃﺻﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﻭﻗﻮﺍﻋﺪ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ‬They are ignorant of the fundamentals and basic

vision of the importance of development and

principles of religion

modernization and reform for the future of our

88 | 6878 |

people 82 | 7422 |

624

‫ﻘﺎﰲ‬ ‫ ﹶﺛ ﹺ ﹼ‬adj. cultural, intellectual, educational ‫ﻣﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻇﻮﺭ ﺗﻔﺘﻘﺮ ﺇﱃ ﺍﳌﻌﺎﻫﺪ ﺍﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﻣﻴﺔ‬ ‫ — ﻭﻗﺎﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻤﺜﻴﻞ‬The city of Nazur lacks cultural and dramatic institutes and halls for

named after

‫ ﹶﺗ ﹾﻄ ﹺﻮﻳﺮ‬n. development, advancement;

‫ ﹺ‬n. pl. -uun employee; ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣ ﹸﻠﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻣﻞ‬ staff, workforce, personnel; pl. ‫ ﻋ ﹼﹸﲈﻝ‬worker, laborer; ‫ ﹺﺣﺰﹾ ﺏ ﺍﻟ ﹸﻌﲈ ﹺ‬Labor Party operator; regent, prefect; ‫ﹼﻝ‬ ‫ﺃﻏﻠﻘﻮﺍ ﺑﺎﺏ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻘﺪﺍﻡ ﻓﺎﻧﻪ ﻳﻮﺟﺪ ﺍﻟﻜﺜﲑ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﲈﻝ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻻﺟﺎﻧﺐ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻃﻠﲔ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬They closed the door of acceptance, because there are a lot of

He walked down Al-Ban Street thinking about

623

‫ ﹶﻗﺪﹶ ﻡ‬fem.n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻗﺪﺍﻡ‬foot (also as unit of measure) ‫ — ﻫﻲ ﻃﺒﻌﺎ ﺃﺣﺪ ﺍﻷﻧﺪﻳﺔ ﺍﳌﻌﺮﻭﻓﺔ ﺟﺪﺍ ﰲ ﻛﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﻡ‬It

‫ ﹶﺷﲈﻝ‬n. north; adj. northern ‫ﺍﳌﺨﻴﻢ ﺑﺤﺪ ﺫﺍﺗﻪ ﻳﻘﻊ ﺷﲈﻝ ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺮ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﺼﺐ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺮ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳌﺘﻮﺳﻂ‬The camp itself is located to the

631

‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﻱ‬ ‫ ﻋﺎﺩ ﹼ‬adj. regular, normal; ordinary ‫ﺃﻻ ﺯﻟﺖ ﲢﺘﻔﻈﲔ ﺑﺄﻓﻜﺎﺭﻙ ﺍﻟﺜﻮﺭﻳﺔ ﺃﻡ ﺃﻧﻚ ﲢﻮﻟﺖ ﺇﱃ‬ ‫ ﻣﻮﻇﻔﺔ ﺣﻜﻮﻣﺔ ﺗﻮﻗﻊ ﰱ ﻛﺸﻒ ﺍﳊﻀﻮﺭ؟‬،‫ﺍﻣﺮﺃﺓ ﻋﺎﺩﻳﺔ‬ — Are you still holding on to your revolutionary ideas, or have you become a normal woman,

north of the river which flows into the

a government employee who signs in on the

Mediterranean Sea

attendance sheet?

98 | 6260 |

99 | 6124 |

66

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

9 Sports 218 256 419 428 501 542 600 616 619 652 704 721 816 819 840 843 871 877

882 922 988

1018 1040 1046

1086 1196 1255 1304 1393 1398

‫ﻫﺪﻑ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻳﻖ‬ ‫ﻣﺒﺎﺭﺍﺓ‬ ‫ﻻﻋﺐ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﺩﻓﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺑﻄﻮﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻌﺐ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺘﺨﺐ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﺎﺿﺔ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﺎﴈ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺇﺻﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺄﺱ‬ ‫ﻟﻌﺐ‬ ‫ﺑﻄﻞ‬ ‫ﺳﺠﻞ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺪﺭﻳﺐ‬ ‫ﳑﺎﺭﺳﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺎﺑﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﺋﺰﺓ‬ ‫ﻟﻌﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻌﺐ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺭﺱ‬ ‫ﻏﺎﻟﺐ‬

goal

1417

team

‫ﺣﺎﺭﺱ‬

1594

‫ﺫﻫﺎﺏ‬

ball; soccer

1762

defense

1818

‫ﺧﴪ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻠﺔ‬

game, match player

tournament; round

1825

championship, tournament

1857

to play national team

1884

sports

1890

sportive point, goal

1956

(also striking) to march,

2000

walk

2438

cup

2539

playing; game

2591

hero;

2623

champion to score

2716

(point) (also

2805

to register) group, team

2911

training; exercise

2920

playing

2990

(sport) (also

3013

practicing) league,

3018

tournament competition;

3026

race

3246

to score

3343

‫ﻧﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﺲ ﺍﻟﻄﺎﻭﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺳﺒﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﻓﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻀﻴﻒ‬ ‫ﺟﻨﺎﺡ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺗﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﻁ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﺪﺭﻳﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﺋﺰ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺠﻞ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺎﺟﻢ‬ ‫ﺳﺒﺎﺣﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﺍﻓﻊ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺎﺩﻝ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﺩﻝ‬ ‫ﻗﻔﺰ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﺎﻓﺲ‬ ‫ﺧﻄﻒ‬

4122

‫ﺭﺍﻣﻲ‬

rifleman; archer

first half

4197

drill, practice

(also going)

4264

to fail, lose

4347

match, game

4477

‫ﲤﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﲏ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻗﻮﺱ‬ ‫ﻗﻔﺰ‬

goalie (also guard)

(also meeting) to attain,

4584

achieve (prize)

4626

‫ﺭﻛﻞ‬ ‫ﺣﻠﺒﺔ‬

4688

‫ﺗﻌﺎﺩﻝ‬

4691

‫ﻛﺮﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﹼ‬

home team

4697

(also host)

4732

‫ﺇﺳﺘﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﻣﻲ‬

table tennis

(‫ﻃﺎﻭﻟﺔ‬: table) race competition, rivalry

wing level, rank

4913

half period

4928

goal

5245

training,

5459

coaching

5495

winner, victor

5789

scoring (point) (also recording)

5929

attacker;

6098

striker swimming

6438

defender

6442

tie (also

6612

balance)

6788

to tie (also to be equal to)

6866

to jump, leap

7255

competition

7600

snatch

7833

(a goal)

(weightlifting)

(also to bring)

(also

prize, reward

kidnapping)

match, game

3356

trainer, coach playing field,

3396

court

3651

to play (sport) (also practice)

4042

winner, victor

4081

‫ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺯﻱ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺳﺪﹼ ﺩ‬ ‫ﻟﻌﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺣﻜﻢ‬

line-up (also assortment) uniform, dress

7931

‫ﺑﺮﻛﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻮﺗﺒﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﻏﻮﺹ‬ ‫ﻃﻔﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﴎ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﺲ‬ ‫ﺭﻛﺾ‬ ‫ﺧﴪﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺒﺢ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﹼ ﺓ‬ ‫ﺟﺮﻱ‬ ‫ﻭﺛﺐ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻟ ﹼﻌﺐ‬ ‫ﻋﺪﻭ‬ ‫ﺳ ﹼﺒﺎﺡ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﻧﺪﻳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻴﻔﺎ‬

(also aiming) bodily, physical bow, arch jumping, leaping kick arena, ring, track to tie (each other) football (soccer) (adj) stadium throwing; shooting pool football, soccer diving leap, jump loser to expel, kick out tennis running, jogging loser swimming pool ball a card game; deck of cards running to jump, leap goal to make or let play racing, running swimmer Mondial (World Cup) the FIFA

to aim, shoot

(Fédération

(also block)

Internationale

game, sport

de Football

referee

Association)

Frequency index

632

‫ ﹶﺃﻛﹺﻴﺪ‬adj. sure, certain, definite; ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹺﻛﻴﺪ ﹰﺍ‬definitely,

638

for sure

come today because of the arrival of a

Bedouin could know German, and I said: I’m

delegation from Algeria yesterday

sure he is a spy wearing Bedouin clothing

89 | 6728 |

639 633

‫ ﹶﻗﺘ ﹶﹶﻞ‬v. I (u) to kill sb; (often pass.) ‫ ﹸﻗﺘﹺ ﹶﻞ‬to be

‫ ﹶﺳﻮﺍﺀ‬conj. except, whether (or not), regardless,

killed

‫ ﺳﻮﺍﺀ ﺟﺎﺀ ﻣﻦ ﺣﺮﻕ ﺃﻭ ﻏﺮﻕ‬،‫ﺍﳌﻮﺕ ﺣﻖ ﻋﻠﻴﻨﺎ‬ ‫ — ﺃﻭ ﻋﻔﺮﻳﺖ ﺃﻭ ﻧﺒﻮﺕ‬Death has a right

April ended with a heavy raid that killed

‫ﺍﻧﺘﻬﻰ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺃﺑﺮﻳﻞ ﺑﻐﺎﺭﺓ ﻗﻮﻳﺔ ﻗﺘﻠﺖ ﺳﺘﲔ ﺷﺨﺼﺎ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺟﺮﺣﺖ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺎﺋﺔ‬The month of

either (or); n. equality

to claim us, whether it comes from a fire,

sixty people and wounded more than

or drowning, or a devil, or a beating stick

a hundred

(violence)

95 | 6311 |

97 | 6208 |

634

‫ ﹸﻭ ﹸﺻﻮﻝ‬n. arrival; attainment, achievement ‫ﻟﻘﺪ ﺗﻌﺬﺭ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﳊﻀﻮﺭ ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻡ ﺑﺴﺒﺐ ﻭﺻﻮﻝ ﻭﻓﺪ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳉﺰﺍﺋﺮ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺭﺣﺔ‬It was difficult for him to

‫ﺍﺳﺘﻐﺮﺑﺖ ﺇﺯﺍ￯ ﺍﻟﺒﺪﻭ￯ ﻳﻌﺮﻑ ﺃﳌﺎﻧﻰ ﻭﻗﻠﺖ ﺃﻛﻴﺪ ﺃﻧﻪ‬ ￯‫ — ﺟﺎﺳﻮﺱ ﻻﺑﺲ ﺑﺪﻭ‬I was amazed at how a

77 | 7875 | +spo

‫ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻮ ﹺﻣ ﹼﻲ‬adj. daily; ‫ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻮ ﹺﻣ ﹼﻴ ﹰﺎ‬adv. every day, on a daily

67

640

‫ ﹸﺳ ﹾﺮ ﹶﻋﺔ‬n. speed; ‫ ﺑﹺﴪﻋﺔ‬quickly ‫ — ﺳﺄﺩﺧﻞ ﺍﳊﲈﻡ ﻭﺃﻋﻮﺩ ﺑﴪﻋﺔ‬I will go to the bathroom and return quickly

basis; per diem

..‫ﺃﺛﻨﺎﺀ ﺇﺟﺎﺯﺗﻪ ﰱ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻫﺮﺓ ﻳﻠﺘﻘﻰ ﻳﻮﻣﻴﺎ ﻛﺒﺎﺭ ﺭﺟﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﺔ‬ ‫ — ﻣﺎﺫﺍ ﻳﻌﻴﺒﻪ ﺇﺫﻥ ﻛﻌﺮﻳﺲ؟‬During his vacation in

99 | 6061 |

officials. What could possibly be wrong with

‫ ﹶﻋ ﹺﺰﻳﺰ‬adj. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹺﻋﺰﹼ ﺍﺀ‬dear, precious ‫ ﻟﻦ ﺍﻛﻮﻥ ﺩﺑﻠﻮﻣﺎﺳﻴﺎ ﻣﻌﻚ‬..‫ ﺁﺳﻒ‬..‫ﺍﻧﺎ ﺁﺳﻒ ﻳﺎ ﻋﺰﻳﺰﻱ‬

him as a groom?

— I am sorry, dear...sorry...I won’t be diplomatic

97 | 6214 |

with you

Cairo he is meeting daily with senior state

641

97 | 6161 | +for

635

‫ ﹶﺻﻼﺓ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺻ ﹶﻠﻮﺍﺕ‬prayer ‫ﺃﻧﺼﺤﻚ ﺑﺤﲈﻡ ﺳﺎﺧﻦ ﺛﻢ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﺭﻛﻌﺘﲔ ﺑﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻧﻔﺮﺍﺝ ﺍﳍﻢ‬I advise you to take a hot

642

‫ ﹶﻣﺴﺎﺀ‬n. evening ‫— ﺳﺘﺘﺼﻞ ﲠﲈ ﻳﻮﻡ ﺍﳉﻤﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺩﻡ ﰱ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻌﺔ ﻣﺴﺎﺀ‬

shower and then pray a couple of prostrations

She will call them next Friday at seven o’clock

with the intention of letting go of your

in the evening

worries

99 | 6066 |

99 | 6100 |

636

‫ ﹺ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﺷﻌﺮﺍﺀ‬poet ‫ﺷﺎﻋﺮ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ﺃﻟﻴﺲ ﺃﺑﻮ ﻧﻮﺍﺱ ﻫﻮ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﻋﺮ ﺍﻟﺬ￯ ﺍﺷﺘﻬﺮ ﺑﺎﳋﻤﺮ ﰱ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻌﴫ ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺎﳼ؟‬Isn’t Abu Nuwas the poet

643

‫ ﻋ ﹺ‬address; title, headline; ‫ ﹸﻋﻨﹾﻮﺍﻥ‬n. pl. ‫ﹶﻨﺎﻭﻳﻦ‬ (website) URL

‫ﰲ ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺎﻳﺔ ﳜﺮﺝ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﻭﻳﻜﺘﺐ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺷﻘﺘﻪ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳋﺎﺻﺔ ﰱ ﺷﺎﺭﻉ ﺍﻟﺸﻮﺍﺭﺑﻰ‬Finally, he

who became famous for wine in the Abbasid

takes out a piece of paper and writes the

era?

address of his private apartment on

94 | 6364 |

Shawarbi Street 95 | 6247 |

637

‫ ﹸﺣ ﹾﻠﻢ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺣﻼﻡ‬dream ‫ﻟﻘﺪ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻖ ﺑﻜﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻄﺐ ﻭﺍﺟﺘﻬﺪ ﺳﻨﻮﺍﺕ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺟﻞ ﺣﻠﻢ‬ ‫ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﺟﺮﺍﺣﺎ‬:‫ — ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﻣﻸ ﺣﻴﺎﺗﻪ‬He joined the college of medicine and worked hard for years

‫ ﹶﻃﺒﹺﻴﺐ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃﻃﹺ ﹼﺒﺎﺀ‬physician, doctor ‫ﻳﻘﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﺐ ﺇﻧﻪ ﰱ ﻣﺜﻞ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻷﺣﻮﺍﻝ ﳚﺐ‬ ‫ — ﺃﻥ ﻧﻨﻘﻠﻪ ﺇﱃ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﺸﻔﻰ‬The doctor says that

on behalf of a single dream which filled his life:

in cases like these we must transfer him to the

644

to become a surgeon

hospital

97 | 6192 |

97 | 6108 |

68

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

645

‫ ﺍﹺ ﹾﺳﺘﹺﺨﹾ ﺪﺍﻡ‬n. usage, using, utilization ‫ﻗﻀﺖ ﻗﻤﺮﺓ ﺃﺷﻬﺮﺍ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ ﻋﲆ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﻜﻤﺒﻴﻮﺗﺮ‬

but since the beginning of the war no one sees them in the streets

— Qamara spent months in learning how to

89 | 6658 |

use the computer 88 | 6785 |

646

652

team

‫ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻘﻞ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﻋ ﹸﻘﻮﻝ‬mind, intellect; ‫( ﺑﺎﻟﻌﻘﻞ‬Alg.)

‫ ﻻ ﺳﻴﲈ ﺍﳌﻨﺘﺨﺒﺎﺕ‬- ‫ ﺗﻠﻌﺐ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻕ‬،‫ﻗﺒﻞ ﻛﻞ ﳾﺀ‬ ‫ ﲠﺪﻑ ﻋﺪﻡ ﺍﳋﺴﺎﺭﺓ‬- ‫ — ﺍﻟﻮﻃﻨﻴﺔ‬Before anything

/bi-l-9qal/ slowly

‫ ﻟﻜﻨﻨﺎ ﻧﺪﺭﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻹﺣﺴﺎﺱ‬،‫— ﺍﻟﻔﻦ ﻻ ﻳﻔﻬﻢ ﺑﺎﻟﻌﻘﻞ‬

else, teams play, especially national teams, with

Art is not understood with the mind, but we

the goal of not losing

comprehend it with feelings

86 | 6828 |

99 | 6004 |

647

648

649

‫ ﹺﻋﻴﺪ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃﻋﹾﻴﺎﺩ‬holiday, festival, feast ‫— ﰲ ﻋﻴﺪ ﺭﺃﺱ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ ﻛﴪﺕ ﻃﺒﻘﺎ ﻭﻓﻨﺠﺎﻥ ﺷﺎﻱ‬

653

During the New Year holiday, I broke a plate

‫ ﺳﺄﺣﺘﻔﻆ ﺑﺮﺃﻳﻰ‬..‫ﺍﺛﻨﺎﻥ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻘﺎﻥ ﻭﺍﺛﻨﺎﻥ ﻣﻌﱰﺿﺎﻥ‬ ‫ — ﻟﻠﻨﻬﺎﻳﺔ‬Two in favor and two opposed...I will

and a tea cup

keep my opinion till the end

98 | 6068 |

98 | 6001 |

‫ ﹶﺃ ﹶﻣﻞ‬n. pl. ‫ ﺁﻣﺎﻝ‬hope, wish; ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹶﻣ ﹰﻼ‬hoping, wishing, ‫ ﰲ ﹶﺃ ﹾ‬that) in the hope (‫ﻥ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﺀ ﰲ ﺯﻳﺎﺭﺓ ﻗﺼﲑﺓ ﺃﻣﻼ ﰲ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻌﻮﺩ ﻣﺼﻄﺤﺒﺎ‬ ‫ — ﺯﻭﺟﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺑﻨﺎﺕ ﻭﻃﻨﻪ‬He came on a short

654

‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﻱ‬ ‫ ﹸﺟﻨﹾﺪ ﹼ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﺟﻨﹸﻮﺩ‬soldier ‫ﺑﺪﺃﺕ ﺍﻟﻄﺎﺋﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﻷﳌﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻏﺎﺭﺍﲥﺎ ﻋﲆ ﻣﻮﺍﻗﻊ ﺍﳉﻨﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺘﻘﺪﻣﺔ ﻭﺍﳋﻠﻔﻴﺔ ﰱ ﻭﻗﺖ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﻹﺭﺑﺎﻛﻬﺎ ﻭﺇﺣﺪﺍﺙ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻔﻮﴇ ﺑﻴﻨﻬﺎ‬The German airplanes began

visit hoping to return accompanied by

their raids on the soldier’s forward and rear

a wife from among the daughters of his

positions simultaneously, to confuse them and

homeland

cause chaos among them

98 | 6059 |

87 | 6781 |

‫ ﹺ‬n. foreign ministry, foreign office ‫ﺧﺎﺭ ﹺﺟ ﱠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ ﺍﻷﻣﲑﻛﻴﺔ ﺍﳌﻘﺒﻠﺔ ﳚﺐ ﺃﻥ ﺗﺪﺧﻞ ﺗﻐﻴﲑﺍﺕ ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ — ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺘﻬﺎ ﺍﳋﺎﺭﺟﻴﺔ ﳊﻞ ﺍﳌﺸﺎﻛﻞ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻘﺔ‬The next

655

problems

‫ ﺇﹺ ﹶﺫﻥ‬and ‫ ﺇﹺﺫ ﹰﺍ‬adv. therefore, consequently ‫ — ﳌﺎﺫﺍ ﺇﺫﻥ ﱂ ﺗﻘﺮﺃ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ؟‬Why, then, don’t you read the study? 96 | 6119 |

to its foreign policy to solve outstanding 656

86 | 6914 |

‫ ﹶﺩ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻊ‬v. I (a) to push sth; to pay (a sum of ‫ ﺇﱃ‬to do sth ‫ﻫﻞ ﺗﻌﺘﻘﺪﻳﻦ ﺃﻥ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﻣﻦ ﺳﻴﺪﻓﻊ ﺩﻭﻻﺭﺍ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﺍ‬ ‫ — ﻟﻴﺸﱰ￯ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳍﺮﺍﺀ ﺍﻟﺬ￯ ﻳﻠﻄﺦ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻟﻠﻮﺣﺎﺕ؟‬Do

‫ ﺍﹺﺗﱢﻔﺎﻕ‬n. pl. -aat agreement; accord, treaty ‫ﺧﻼﻝ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﻮﺍﺕ ﺍﻷﺧﲑﺓ ﻭﻗﻌﺖ ﺍﻟﺼﲔ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻗﺎﺕ ﲡﺎﺭﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻘﻮﺩ ﺍﺳﺘﺜﲈﺭ ﺑﻤﺌﺎﺕ ﻣﻠﻴﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻻﺭﺍﺕ ﻣﻊ ﻋﺪﺩ‬ ‫ — ﻛﺒﲑ ﻣﻦ ﺩﻭﻝ ﺍﳌﻨﻄﻘﺔ‬During recent years China has signed commercial agreements and

money); to compel, move sb

investment contracts for hundreds of billions of dollars with a large number of states of the

you believe that there is someone who will pay

region

a single dollar to buy this nonsense with which

87 | 6737 |

he tarnishes the canvases? 99 | 5963 |

651

‫ ﺍﹺ ﹾﺛﻨ ﹺ‬two; ‫ ﺍﹺ ﹾﺛﻨﺎ ﻋ ﹶﹶﴩ‬fem. ‫ﺍﹺ ﹾﺛﻨﹶﺘﺎ ﻋ ﹶﹾﹶﴩ ﹶﺓ‬ ‫ ﺍﹺ ﹾﺛ ﹺ‬num. fem. ‫ﹶﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﺎﻥ‬ twelve

American administration must make changes

650

‫ ﹸﻣﻨﹾﺘﹶﺨﹶ ﺐ‬adj. elected; n. -aat (spo.) national

‫ ﹺﻗﻴﺎﻡ‬vn. undertaking, carrying out ‫( ﺏ‬task, activity); playing ‫( ﺏ‬a role); rising, standing up ‫ ﻭﻟﻜﻦ ﻣﻨﺬ ﻗﻴﺎﻡ ﺍﳊﺮﺏ ﻻ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻐﺠﺮ ﺃﻳﻀﺎ ﻳﻌﻴﺸﻮﻥ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ‬ ‫ — ﺃﺣﺪ ﻳﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﰱ ﺍﻟﺸﻮﺍﺭﻉ‬Gypsies also live there,

657

‫ ﻧﹸﻮﺭ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃﻧﹾﻮﺍﺭ‬light; lamp ‫ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺍﻷﻧﻮﺍﺭ ﻣﻀﺎﺀﺓ ﻣﻊ ﺃﻧﻨﻰ ﺃﺫﻛﺮ ﺟﻴﺪﺍ ﺃﻧﻨﻰ ﺃﻏﻠﻘﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ — ﻗﺒﻞ ﺧﺮﻭﺟﻰ‬The lights were lit despite the fact that I remember well that I turned them off before I left 99 | 5892 |

Frequency index

658

659

‫ ﹶﺷ ﹺﺪﻳﺪ‬adj. intense, strong, severe ‫— ﻫﺒﺖ ﺭﻳﺢ ﺷﺪﻳﺪﺓ ﺧﻴﻞ ﺇﱄ ﺃﳖﺎ ﺳﺘﻘﺘﻠﻊ ﺍﻷﺷﺠﺎﺭ‬ A strong wind blew; it occurred to me that it

‫ ﹶﻗ ﹾﺮ ﹶﻳﺔ‬n. pl. ￯‫ﺮ‬ ‫ ﹸﻗ ﹰ‬village ‫ﻳﺴﺎﻓﺮﻭﻥ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻘﺮ￯ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﻳﺒﺔ ﻹﺣﻴﺎﺀ ﻣﻮﺍﻟﺪ ﺍﳌﺸﺎﻫﲑ‬ ‫ — ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻴﺎﺀ‬They travel to nearby villages

was going to uproot the trees

to celebrate the birthdays of the famous

94 | 6170 |

saints

‫ ﹶﺷ ﹾﻌﺒﹺ ﹼﻲ‬adj. popular; national, of the people ‫ﺍﻟﻐﺎﺭﺓ ﱂ ﺗﺼﺐ ﺍﻟﺴﻔﻦ ﺑﺴﻮﺀ ﺑﻘﺪﺭ ﻣﺎ ﺃﺻﺎﺑﺖ ﺍﻷﺣﻴﺎﺀ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺒﻴﺔ‬The raid did not harm the ships as

665

98 | 5843 |

666

much as it harmed the popular quarters 95 | 6114 |

660

‫ ﹸﳏﺎ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻈﺔ‬n. pl. -aat province, governorate ‫ﺃﻧﺎ ﻋﻤﻠﺖ ﺿﺎﺑﻂ ﺑﻮﻟﻴﺲ ﻋﴩﺓ ﺃﻋﻮﺍﻡ ﰱ ﳏﺎﻓﻈﺎﺕ‬ ‫ ﻭﻋﺮﻓﺖ ﻗﺎﻉ‬،‫ ﻃﻔﺖ ﺑﺎﻟﻘﺮ￯ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺠﻮﻉ ﻭﺍﳊﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬،‫ﳐﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳌﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬I worked as a police officer for ten

Fawaz sat on the chair facing the officer

667

force

‫ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﳉﻮ‬..‫ﺃﻏﻠﻘﺖ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺏ ﺧﻠﻔﻰ ﻭﺧﻠﻌﺖ ﺛﻴﺎﺑﻰ‬ ‫ — ﺩﺍﻓﺌﺎ ﻓﻈﻠﻠﺖ ﺑﻤﻼﺑﺴﻰ ﺍﻟﺪﺍﺧﲇ‬I closed

to know the dregs of society

the door behind me and took off my

91 | 6386 |

clothes. The air was warm so I stayed in my underclothes

‫ ﺍﹺ ﹾﻧ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻈ ﹶﺮ‬v. VIII to expect, wait for sth/sb ‫— ﺳﺄﻧﴫﻑ ﻷﲏ ﻟﻮ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺮﺕ ﳊﻈﺔ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﺓ ﺳﺄﴐﺑﻪ‬ I’ll beat him

99 | 5758 |

668

attorney

‫ﻃﻠﺒﺖ ﺍﻟﻮﻛﺎﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﻄﺎﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺬﺭﻳﺔ ﻣﺮﺍﺭﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ — ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻖ ﺍﻧﺸﻄﺘﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻨﻮﻭﻳﺔ ﺍﳊﺴﺎﺳﺔ‬The

‫ ﹶﻣ ﱠﺜ ﹶﻞ‬v. II to represent, speak for sb; to

play, act as sb (film); to exemplify, illustrate

International Atomic Energy Agency repeatedly

sth

asked Iran to suspend its sensitive nuclear

‫ﺃﻛﺪ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻷﺭﺩﻥ ﺑﲈ ﻳﻤﺜﻠﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺔ ﻣﻌﺘﺪﻟﺔ ﺳﻴﻜﻮﻥ‬ ‫ — ﻧﻤﻮﺫﺟﺎ ﰲ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﻄﺎﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻮﻭﻳﺔ‬He confirmed

activities 90 | 6274 |

that Jordan, with what it represents in terms of moderate policy, would be a model in the use of nuclear energy

669

96 | 6003 |

663

‫ﺣﺎﺟﺔ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬n. (Egy. /Haaga/ pl. -aat, Magh. /Hazha/ pl. ‫ ﺣﻮﺍﻳﺞ‬/Hwayizh/) thing, something, object; ‫( ﺣﻮﺍﻳﺞ‬Magh.) clothes;

‫ ﹶﻇ ﹾﺮﻑ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﻇ ﹸﺮﻭﻑ‬circumstance, condition,

belongings

‫— ﻋﻠﻴﻨﺎ ﺍﻟﺘﴫﻑ ﺑﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﰲ ﻣﺜﻞ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻈﺮﻭﻑ ﺍﳌﻌﻘﺪﺓ‬

Well, then, I’ll sit with your mother until I find

‫— ﺑﻘﻰ ﺣﺎﻗﻌﺪ ﻣﻊ ﻣﺎﻣﺘﻚ ﻗﻌﺪﺓ ﺃﻋﺮﻑ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﻛﻞ ﺣﺎﺟﺔ‬

situation

We need to act wisely in complicated

out everything from her

circumstances such as these

98 | 5784 |

99 | 5834 |

664

‫ ﹺﻭﻛﺎ ﹶﻟﺔ‬and ‫ ﹶﻭﻛﺎ ﹶﻟﺔ‬n. pl. -aat agency; office; dealership; proxy, deputation, power of

98 | 5903 |

662

‫ ﹶﺟ ﹼﻮ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺟﻮﺍﺀ‬air, atmosphere; weather, ‫ ﹺﺳﻼﺡ ﹶ‬air ‫ ﹶﺟ ﹼﻮ ﹰﺍ‬by air, by plane; ‫ﺍﳉ ﹼﻮ‬

climate;

around villages, hamlets and alleyways, and I got

I will leave because if I wait a single moment,

‫ ﹸﻣﻘﺎﺑﹺﻞ‬n. opposite (to), corresponding (to), vis-à-vis ‫— ﺟﻠﺲ ﻓﻮﺍﺯ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﳼ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﺍﻟﻀﺎﺑﻂ‬ 97 | 5905 |

years in various governorates, and I wandered

661

69

‫ ﹸﺃ ﹾﺳ ﹶﺮﺓ‬n. pl. ‫ﴎ‬ ‫ ﹸﺃ ﹶ‬family, community ‫ — ﺍﺷﱰ￯ ﺳﻴﺎﺭﺓ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﺓ ﱂ ﺗﻌﻠﻢ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ﺃﴎﺗﻪ ﺷﻴﺌﺎ‬He

670

‫ ﹸﺧ ﱠﻄﺔ‬and ‫ ﹺﺧ ﱠﻄﺔ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﺧ ﹶﻄﻂ‬, ß‫ ﹺﺧ ﹶﻄﻂ‬plan, project

‫ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻃﺒﻘﺖ ﺍﳋﻄﺔ ﻛﲈ ﺃﺗﺼﻮﺭﻫﺎ‬..‫ﺃﻋﺪﻛﲈ ﺑﺄﻧﻨﺎ ﺳﻨﻨﺠﺢ‬

bought a new car which his family did not

— I promise you that we will succeed...if the

know anything about

plan is carried out as I imagine it

94 | 6043 |

88 | 6433 |

70

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

671

‫ ﹶﻣﺪﹶ ﹺ ﹼﲏ‬adj. civil, civilian; n. pl. -uun civilian ‫ﻗﺒﻞ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻟﻘﻲ ﲬﺴﺔ ﻣﺪﻧﻴﲔ ﺣﺘﻔﻬﻢ ﻭﺃﺻﻴﺐ ﺳﺒﻌﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺁﺧﺮﻭﻥ ﺑﺠﺮﻭﺡ ﺑﺎﻧﻔﺠﺎﺭ ﺳﻴﺎﺭﺓ ﻣﻔﺨﺨﺔ‬Prior to were wounded in a booby-trapped car explosion

‫ ﺇﹺ ﹾﻃﻼﻕ‬n. releasing, launching; (‫ )ﺍﻟﻨﹼﺎﺭ‬firing, ‫ ﺇﹺ ﹾ‬and ‫( ﻋﲆ ﹺﺍﻹ ﹾﻃﻼﻕ‬yes) shooting; ‫ﻃﻼﻗ ﹰﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ ﻭ ﹺ‬ absolutely, definitely; (no) not at all; ‫ﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹾ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ ﺍﻹ ﹾﻃﻼﻕ‬for sure ‫ — ﺇﻧﻪ ﺑﺨﻴﻞ ﺃﻧﺎﻧﻰ ﻻ ﻳﻔﻜﺮ ﺇﻃﻼﻗﺎ ﺇﻻ ﰱ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ‬He is

90 | 6252 |

stingy and selfish, not thinking at all about

678

that, five civilians were killed and seven others

672

‫ﺷﺎﺭ ﹶﻙ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬v. III to participate, share (with sb) ‫ ﰲ‬in sth ‫ ﻭﺷﺎﺭﻙ ﰱ ﺫﻟﻚ‬،‫ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮ ﺭﻓﻊ ﺍﻷﻧﻘﺎﺽ ﺛﻼﺛﺔ ﺃﻳﺎﻡ‬ ‫ — ﻧﺎﺱ ﻣﻦ ﻛﻞ ﺍﻹﺳﻜﻨﺪﺭﻳﺔ‬They continued to

anything except himself 88 | 6322 |

679

sift through the rubble for three days, and people from all over Alexandria participated in that

phenomenon is a result of conditions in the

96 | 5880 |

673

Middle East and the control of America over the area

‫ ﹶﻧﺰ ﹶﹶﻝ‬v. I (i) and ‫( ﻧ ﹺﹶﺰ ﹶﻝ‬a) to descend; stay ‫ ﰲ‬at ‫ ﻭﻛﺄﻧﻪ ﳏﻤﻮﻝ‬،‫— ﻧﺰﻝ ﺩﺭﺟﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻢ ﺑﺒﻂﺀ ﻭﻛﺄﻧﻪ ﻣﻨﻮﻡ‬ He went down the stairs slowly, as if he were drugged, as if he were being carried

86 | 6448 |

680

98 | 5743 |

674

in this world has good and bad in it

675

assassination attempts 88 | 6239 |

681

‫ﻻ ﻳﻘﺪﺭ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻥ ﻳﻔﻬﻢ ﳌﺎﺫﺍ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺐ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺐ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻻﻣﲑﻛﻲ ﺍﻟﺮﺋﻴﺲ ﺑﻮﺵ ﻟﻠﻤﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻴﺔ‬He is not able to understand why the American people elected President Bush for the second time

93 | 6034 |

‫ ﹶﺑ ﹶﺤ ﹶ‬v. I (a) to look, search ‫ ﻋﻦ‬for; to discuss, ‫ﺚ‬

debate (‫ )ﰲ‬sth; to research, examine, look

‫ ﹶﻗﺪﹶ ﹶﺭ‬v. I (i) and ‫( ﹶﻗ ﹺﺪ ﹶﺭ‬a) to be able to, be capable of (doing sth)

‫ ﹶﺃﺯ ﹶﹾﻣﺔ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃﺯﹶ ﻣﺎﺕ‬crisis, crunch ‫ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺃﻳﺎﻡ ﻗﻠﻴﻠﺔ ﺳﻴﺘﺴﻠﻢ ﺟﻴﻒ ﻋﻤﻠﻪ‬..‫ﻟﺴﻨﺎ ﰱ ﺃﺯﻣﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳉﺪﻳﺪ‬We are not in crisis...after a few days Jeff will get a new job

676

‫ ﹸﳏ ﹶﺎﻭ ﹶﻟﺔ‬n. pl. -aat attempt, effort ‫— ﻧﺠﻰ ﻣﻦ ﻋﺪﺓ ﳏﺎﻭﻻﺕ ﺍﻏﺘﻴﺎﻝ ﺑﺄﻋﺠﻮﺑﺔ‬ He miraculously escaped numerous

‫ ﹶﺻ ﹼﺢ‬adj. right, correct; true ‫ — ﻛﻞ ﳾ ﰲ ﻫﺎﻟﺪﻧﻴﺎ ﻓﻴﻪ ﺻﺢ ﻭﻓﻴﻪ ﻏﻠﻂ‬Everything 72 | 7762 | +spo

‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ ﹶﺳﻂ‬adj. fem. ‫ ﹸﻭ ﹾﺳ ﹶﻄﻰ‬middle, central; ‫ﺍﻟﴩﻕ‬ ‫ﹶﹾ‬ ‫ ﹶﺍﻷ ﹾﻭ ﹶﺳﻂ‬the Middle East ‫ﻇﺎﻫﺮﺓ ﺑﻦ ﻻﺩﻥ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﺔ ﺍﻷﺣﻮﺍﻝ ﰲ ﺍﻟﴩﻕ ﺍﻷﻭﺳﻂ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺳﻴﻄﺮﺓ ﺃﻣﲑﻛﺎ ﻋﲆ ﺍﳌﻨﻄﻘﺔ‬The Bin Laden

98 | 5602 |

682

‫ ﰲ‬sth ‫ ﳌﺎﺫﺍ ﺗﺒﺤﺚ ﻋﻦ ﺍﳌﺘﺎﻋﺐ؟‬..‫— ﺃﻧﺎ ﻓﻌﻼ ﻻ ﺃﻓﻬﻤﻚ‬

‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺳ ﹶﻮﺩ‬adj. fem. ‫ ﹶﺳ ﹾﻮﺩﺍﺀ‬, pl. ‫ ﹸﺳﻮﺩ‬black; ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻮﺩ‬ n./adj. blacks

into

I really don’t understand you...why are you

‫ﺍﺭﺗﺪﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺎﺀ ﲨﻴﻌﺎ ﻣﻼﺑﺲ ﺳﻮﺩﺍﺀ ﻭﺗﻨﻮﺭﺓ‬ ‫— ﻃﻮﻳﻠﺔ ﺳﻮﺩﺍﺀ ﻭﺳﱰﺓ ﺳﻮﺩﺍﺀ ﻭﺣﺠﺎﺑﺎ ﺃﺳﻮﺩ‬

looking for trouble?

The women all wore black clothing and a

99 | 5653 |

long black skirt and a black jacket and a black headscarf

677

‫ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻤ ﹶﻠﻜﹶﺔ‬n. kingdom ‫ﺟﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺮﺋﻴﺲ ﺑﻮﺵ ﻭﺍﺟﺘﻤﻊ ﻣﻊ ﻭﱄ ﻋﻬﺪ ﺍﳌﻤﻠﻜﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻌﻮﺩﻳﺔ ﻭﻣﻠﻚ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺮﻳﻦ ﻭﻣﻠﻚ ﺍﻷﺭﺩﻥ ﻭﻓﺨﺎﻣﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺮﺋﻴﺲ ﻣﺒﺎﺭﻙ‬President Bush came and met

99 | 5560 |

683

‫ ﹺﻗ ﹾﺴﻢ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻗﺴﺎﻡ‬section, portion; department,

division

with the Saudi Crown Prince and the King of

‫ — ﻟﻘﺪ ﺗﻢ ﻗﺒﻮﻟﻚ ﰱ ﺍﻟﻘﺴﻢ ﺑﻤﻌﺮﻛﺔ‬You have

Bahrain and the King of Jordan and President

been accepted into the department with a

Mubarak

battle

90 | 6184 |

97 | 5602 |

Frequency index

684

‫ ﺗ ﹾﹶﺤ ﹺﺪﻳﺪ‬n. specification; definition; ‫ ﹶﲢ ﹺﹾﺪﻳﺪ ﹰﺍ‬and ‫ ﺑﹺﺎﻟﺘ ﹾﱠﺤ ﹺﺪﻳﺪ‬specifically ‫ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳌﺮﺓ ﻧﺄﺗﻴﻜﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﺟﺪﺓ ﻭﺑﺎﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳌﻨﺘﺪ￯ ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻱ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻊ ﺍﳌﻨﻌﻘﺪ ﺣﺎﻟﻴﺎ ﲠﺎ‬This

690

— Hardly had he answered the phone when his face changed from normal welcome to extreme

Jeddah, and specifically from the Seventh

interest, and he quickly ended the call and

Economic Forum which is currently being

stood up

held here

88 | 6117 |

‫ ﹶﺧ ﹾﻠﻒ‬n. back, rear part; ‫ﻒ‬ ‫( ﹶﺧ ﹾﻠ ﹶ‬prep.) and ‫ﹺﻣﻦ‬ ‫ ﹺﻣﻦ ﺍﳋ ﹾﻠ ﹺ‬from the ‫ ﹶﺧ ﹾﻠﻒﹺ‬behind (of ) sth/sb; ‫ﻒ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ back, from the rear; ‫ﻠﻒ‬ ‫( ﹶﺧ ﹸ‬adv.) and ‫ﻒ‬ ‫ﹺﻣﻦ ﹶﺧ ﹾﻠ ﹸ‬

691

political repression 96 | 5598 |

‫— ﺍﲣﺬ ﻣﻜﺎﻧﻪ ﺧﻠﻒ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻣﲑﺍ ﻭﺣﺪﻕ ﰱ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﺳﺔ ﺑﻌﻨﺎﻳﺔ‬ into the lens with care

‫ ﹸﻣﺴﺎ ﹶﻋﺪﹶ ﺓ‬n. pl. -aat help, support; ‫ ﻣﺴﺎﻋﺪﺍﺕ‬aid ‫ — ﺍﺗﺼﻠﺖ ﺑﺄﺑﻴﻬﺎ ﻭﻃﻠﺒﺖ ﻣﻨﻪ ﻣﺴﺎﻋﺪﺓ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬I

97 | 5628 |

contacted her father and asked him for

He took his place behind the camera and stared

‫ ﹶﺷ ﹾﻤﺲ‬fem.n. sun ‫ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻡ ﺗﴩﻕ ﺷﻤﺲ ﺍﳊﺮﻳﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻗﴡ ﺍﳌﻐﺮﺏ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﰊ ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ — ﺑﻼﺩ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺏ ﺍﳌﻈﻠﻤﺔ ﺑﺎﻻﺳﺘﺒﺪﺍﺩ‬Today the sun of

692

monetary help 86 | 6221 |

693

on the countries of the Arabs which are dark

‫ — ﻫﻨﺎ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﻠﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ ﻛﺎﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﺼﺎﺋﻞ ﺍﻟﻔﻠﺴﻄﻴﻨﻴﺔ‬There

with despotism

are prisoners here from all the Palestinian

99 | 5481 |

factions

‫ ﹶﻣ ﹺﺰﻳﺪ‬n. addition, added amount, greater ‫ﹺ‬ number (‫ ﻣﻦ‬of ); more, additional, increased ‫ﹺ‬ (‫)ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ ﺃﻗﱰﺡ ﺃﻥ‬..‫ﻻ ﺃﺭﻳﺪ ﺃﻥ ﺃﺳﺒﺐ ﻟﻚ ﺍﳌﺰﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻵﻻﻡ‬ ‫ — ﻧﻨﻔﺼﻞ ﻭﻟﻮ ﻣﺆﻗﺘﺎ‬I don’t want to cause you

85 | 6301 |

694

‫ — ﺍﷲ ﰲ ﻋﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺪ ﻣﺎ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺪ ﰲ ﻋﻮﻥ ﺍﺧﻴﻪ‬God helps the servant as long as the servant helps

if only temporarily

his brother

88 | 6154 |

92 | 5795 |

‫ ﹶﺗ ﹶﻌ ﱠﺮ ﹶﺽ‬v. V to be exposed ‫ ﺇﱃ‬to sth; to

695

encounter, run into, have to deal with

‫ ﺇﱃ‬sth ‫ — ﻣﺎﺫﺍ ﳛﺪﺙ ﻟﻮ ﻣﺮﺿﺖ ﺃﻭ ﺗﻌﺮﺿﺖ ﳊﺎﺩﺙ؟‬What

‫ ﻏ ﹾﹶﺮﺏ‬n. west; West; ‫ ﻏ ﹾﹶﺮﺑ ﹰﺎ‬westward, in the west ‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﺣﻲ ﺍﳊﺮﻳﺔ ﺷﲈﻝ ﻏﺮﺏ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺻﻤﺔ ﻣﴪﺣﺎ ﳌﻌﻈﻢ‬ ‫ — ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳍﺠﲈﺕ‬The Hurriyya district north-west of the capital was the scene of most of these

would happen if you got sick or had an

attacks

accident?

98 | 5465 |

95 | 5689 |

689

‫ ﹶﻋ ﹾﺒﺪ‬n. pl. ‫ ﻋﹶﺒﹺﻴﺪ‬servant, slave; pl. ‫ ﹺﻋﺒﺎﺩ‬servant ‫ﹺ‬ (of God); ‫ ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺎﺩ‬humanity, humankind; ‫ﺍﻟ ﹶﻌ ﹾﺒﺪ ﷲ‬ I, myself

any more pain. I suggest that we separate, even

688

‫ ﻛﺎ ﱠﻓﺔ‬n. (in idafa) all of, the entirety of; ‫ ﻛﺎ ﱠﻓ ﹰﺔ‬all together

freedom is dawning from the furthest Arab west

687

‫ ﹺﺩﻳﻨ ﹺ ﹼﻲ‬adj. religious; spiritual ‫— ﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺼﺐ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻨﻲ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﺔ ﻣﺒﺎﴍﺓ ﻟﻠﻜﺒﺖ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﻰ‬ Religious intolerance is a direct result of

at the back, in the rear

686

‫ ﺍﹺ ﹾﻫﺘﹺﲈﻡ‬n. interest, attention; care, concern ‫ﻭﻣﺎ ﺇﻥ ﺭﺩ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺗﻐﲑ ﻭﺟﻬﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﱰﺣﻴﺐ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩ￯ ﺇﱃ‬ ‫ ﻭﴎﻋﺎﻥ ﻣﺎ ﺃﳖﻰ ﺍﳌﻜﺎﳌﺔ ﻭﺍﻧﺘﻔﺾ ﻭﺍﻗﻔﺎ‬،‫ﺍﻻﻫﺘﲈﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﻟﻎ‬

time we are coming to you from the city of

93 | 5839 |

685

71

‫ ﹶﺳ ﹾﺒ ﹶﻌﺔ‬num. fem. ‫ ﹶﺳ ﹾﺒﻊ‬seven; ‫ﹶﺳ ﹾﺒ ﹶﻌ ﹶﺔ ﻋ ﹶﹶﴩ‬ seventeen

‫ — ﻫﻲ ﺑﺎﻟﻔﻌﻞ ﻣﻦ ﻋﺠﺎﺋﺐ ﺍﻟﺪﻧﻴﺎ ﺍﻟﺴﺒﻊ‬It, in fact, is

696

‫ ﹺ‬n. pl. ‫ﹶﻮﺍﺻﻢ‬ ‫ ﻋ ﹺ‬capital city ‫ﻋﺎﺻ ﹶﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺻﺪﺭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺑﻤﻨﻊ ﺭﻛﻮﺏ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺟﺎﺕ ﺑﺒﻌﺾ ﺷﻮﺍﺭﻉ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺻﻤﺔ‬A decision was issued to forbid riding bicycles in some of the streets of the

one of the seven wonders of the world

capital

98 | 5505 |

92 | 5764 |

72

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

697

‫ ﺇﹺﻃﺎﺭ‬n. framework, context ‫ﰲ ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺎﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﺔ ﻫﻲ ﻓﻦ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﻗﻊ ﻭﻓﻦ ﺍﳌﻤﻜﻦ‬ ‫ — ﰲ ﺇﻃﺎﺭ ﺍﳌﻌﻄﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﻮﺟﻮﺩﺓ‬In the end,

703

controlling; n. pl. -aat organization, network

‫— ﻓﺘﺢ ﻫﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻈﻴﻢ ﺍﻷﻛﱪ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺣﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﻠﺴﻄﻴﻨﻴﺔ‬

politics is the art of the real and the art of

Fatah is the largest organization in the

the possible in the framework of the present

Palestinian arena

givens

89 | 5914 |

88 | 6079 |

698

‫ ﹺﺻ ﱢﺤ ﹼﻲ‬adj. health-related, sanitary ‫ﺍﳖﻤﺮﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﱪﻋﺎﺕ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺟﻞ ﺗﻮﻓﲑ ﺍﻟﻄﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫— ﻭﺍﻟﺜﻴﺎﺏ ﻭﺍﻟﺮﻋﺎﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻴﺔ ﻵﻻﻑ ﺍﻷﴎ ﺍﳌﴩﺩﺓ‬

704

‫ ﻭﻣﻔﻴﺪﺓ ﻟﻠﻌﻤﻞ‬،‫ﻳﻘﺎﻝ ﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺟﺔ ﻭﺳﻴﻠﺔ ﻧﻘﻞ ﺳﻬﻠﺔ‬ ‫ — ﻭﳑﺎﺭﺳﺔ ﺍﻟﺮﻳﺎﺿﺔ‬It is said that the bicycle is an easy means of transportation, and beneficial

clothing and health care for thousands of

for work and sports

homeless families

91 | 5746 |

92 | 5759 |

705

‫ ﹶﻣ ﹾﺸﻜﹸﻮﺭ‬adj. thankful, grateful; interj. ‫ﺣﻜﻮﻣﺘﻨﺎ ﻣﺸﻜﻮﺭﺓ ﺗﺴﻌﻰ ﺟﺎﻫﺪﺓ ﻟﺘﻮﻃﲔ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻨﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ — ﻭﻋﺪﻡ ﻫﺠﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﲈﺀ‬Our government,

moreover

‫ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﷲ ﺑﻦ ﺃﲪﺪ ﳏﺎﺭﺏ ﻟﻪ ﺍﻟﻔﻀﻞ ﰲ ﺗﺜﺒﻴﺖ ﺣﻜﻢ‬ ‫ — ﺃﴎﺓ ﺁﻝ ﺧﻠﻴﻔﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺮﻳﻦ‬Abd Allah Ibn

thankfully, is trying diligently to nationalize technologies and keep scientists from

Ahmad is a warrior who is credited with

emigrating

establishing the rule of the Al-Khalifa family

62 | 8543 | +for

in Bahrain 93 | 5613 |

‫ ﹸﺣ ﹸﻀﻮﺭ‬vn. arrival, coming; attending, being present at (meeting, party, concert); viewing (film, TV show)

706

‫ﺳﺎﻓﺮﻧﺎ ﺇﱃ ﻣﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﺑﺎﺑﻞ ﳊﻀﻮﺭ ﺇﺣﺪ￯ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ — ﻣﻬﺮﺟﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﺑﻞ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﱄ‬We travelled to the city of Babel to attend one of the events of the

village

89 | 5974 |

‫ ﹶﳏ ﹼﻞ‬n. pl. -aat, ‫ ﹶﳏ ﹼﺎﻝ‬place, location; shop,

89 | 5868 |

707

store

‫ ﻣﻊ‬sb ‫ — ﻳﺒﺪﻭ ﺃﻧﻚ ﺳﻌﻴﺪ ﺑﲈ ﺣﻘﻘﺘﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺭﺑﺎﺡ‬It appears

‫ﰲ‬

sth; to interrogate

I found the place a few steps away from the entrance to the metro

that you are happy with what you have

98 | 5373 |

‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﻱ‬ ‫ ﹶ ﹸﳞﻮﺩ ﹼ‬n./adj. pl. ‫ ﹶ ﹸﳞﻮﺩ‬Jew, Jewish ‫ ﻷﴎﺓ‬١٩٣٦ ‫ﺑﻦ ﺃﻟﻴﻌﺎﺯﺭ ﻭﻟﺪ ﰲ ﻣﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﴫﺓ ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ — ﳞﻮﺩﻳﺔ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﲤﺘﻠﻚ ﻛﺜﲑﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﺤﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺎﺭﻳﺔ‬Bin

‫ ﹶﺣ ﱠﻘ ﹶﻖ‬v. II to achieve, realize (success, goals); to serve, promote (interests); to investigate

‫— ﻭﺟﺪﺕ ﺍﳌﺤﻞ ﻋﲆ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺧﻄﻮﺍﺕ ﻣﻦ ﻓﺘﺤﺔ ﺍﳌﱰﻭ‬

702

‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﹺ ﹺ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﻨﺎﺀ‬ ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺛ ﹶ‬prep. during; ‫ ﰲ ﺃ ﹾﺛﻨﺎﺀ‬during; ‫ ٰﻫﺬﻩ‬/‫ﰲ ﺗ ﹾﻠ ﹶﻚ‬ ‫ ﺍﻷ ﹾﺛﻨﺎﺀﹺ‬meanwhile ‫ ﺃﺛﻨﺎﺀ ﻫﺠﻮﻡ‬،‫ ﻧﺴﺎﺀ ﺭﻣﻴﺎ ﺑﺎﻟﺮﺻﺎﺹ‬٩ ‫ﻗﺘﻞ ﻣﺎ ﻻ ﻳﻘﻞ ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳉﻨﺠﻮﻳﺪ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﻳﺔ‬At least nine women were shot dead during the Janjaweed attack on the

International Babel festival

701

‫ ﹶﻓ ﹾﻀﻞ‬n. favor, grace; kindness, goodwill; ‫ ﺑﹺ ﹶﻔ ﹾﻀ ﹺﻞ‬due to, thanks to; ‫ﻀ ﹰﻼ ﻋﹶﻦ‬ ‫ ﹶﻓ ﹾ‬aside from, not ‫ ﹶﻓ ﹾﻀ ﹰﻼ ﻋﹶﻦ ٰﺫﻟﹺ ﹶ‬furthermore, to mention; ‫ﻚ‬ distinction, merit, credit; surplus;

thanks!

700

‫ ﹺﺭ ﹶ‬n. sports; physical exercise; physical ‫ﻳﺎﺿﺔ‬ education; mathematics

Donations poured in to provide food and

699

‫ ﹶﺗﻨﹾﻈﹺﻴﻢ‬vn. organizing, planning; regulating,

achieved in the way of profits 88 | 5946 |

Eleazer was born in the city of Basra in the year

‫ ﹶﺭ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺾ‬v. I (u) to reject, refuse sth ‫ﳌﺎﺫﺍ ﺗﺮﻓﺾ ﻗﻴﺎﻡ ﺃﺣﺰﺍﺏ ﻋﲆ ﺃﺳﺎﺱ ﺩﻳﻨﻲ ﻛﲈ ﰲ ﺑﻌﺾ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﱪﳌﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻐﺮﺑﻴﺔ؟‬Why do you reject the

1936 to a Jewish family that owned many

founding of parties on a religious basis, as in

708

commercial shops

some Western parliaments?

86 | 6093 |

89 | 5802 |

Frequency index

709

‫ ﹶﺷﺨﹾ ﹺﺼ ﱠﻴﺔ‬n. pl. -aat personality, identity; person,

73

‫ﻳﺸﺎﺭﻙ ﰲ ﺍﻻﻓﺘﺘﺎﺡ ﻫﺎﲏ ﺳﻴﻒ ﺍﻟﻨﴫ ﺍﻷﻣﲔ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ — ﻟﻠﺼﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺍﻻﺟﺘﲈﻋﻲ ﻟﻠﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬Hani Saif al-Nasr,

individual

‫ﺗﻨﺒﺄ ﻟﻪ ﻣﻌﻠﻤﻮﻩ ﺑﻤﺴﺘﻘﺒﻞ ﺑﺎﻫﺮ ﺑﺴﺒﺐ ﻗﻮﺓ ﺷﺨﺼﻴﺘﻪ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺍﻧﻀﺒﺎﻃﻪ ﻭﻛﻔﺎﺀﺗﻪ ﺍﻟﺬﻫﻨﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﳉﺴﲈﻧﻴﺔ‬His

the secretary general of the Social Development Fund, participated in the grand opening

teachers predicted a glorious future for him

87 | 5939 |

because of the strength of his personality and his self-control and his intellectual and physical

711

capabilities 97 | 5340 |

710

‫ﻔﻰ‬ ‫ ﹸﻣ ﹾﺴﺘ ﹾﹶﺸ ﹰ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﻣ ﹾﺴﺘ ﹾﹶﺸ ﹶﻔﻴﺎﺕ‬hospital ‫ ﰱ ﺣﲔ ﻛﺎﻥ‬،‫ﻳﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﺍﻟﻮﺯﻳﺮ ﺃﻥ ﻛﻞ ﺷﻰﺀ ﻋﻈﻴﻢ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳌﺴﺘﺸﻔﻰ ﻳﻌﺎﻧﻰ ﻣﻦ ﺇﳘﺎﻝ ﺷﻨﻴﻊ‬The minister believes that everything is great, while the

‫ ﹶﺃ ﹺﻣﲔ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﺃ ﹶﻣﻨﺎﺀ‬trustee, keeper; secretary; adj. ‫ﹺ‬ loyal, faithful, reliable; ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻨﹾﺪﹸ ﻭﻕ‬ ‫ ﹶﺃﻣﲔ ﱠ‬treasurer

hospital was suffering from terrible neglect 96 | 5386 |

10 Nature 116 130 507 686 728 798 830 844 902 984 993 1001 1019 1039 1081 1127 1137 1184 1298 1319 1361 1396 1435 1478 1481 1590 1596

‫ﺃﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻋﲔ‬ ‫ﺑﺤﺮ‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺲ‬ ‫ﺳﲈﺀ‬ ‫ﻗﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺟﺒﻞ‬ ‫ﻗﻨﺎﺓ‬ ‫ﻃﺒﻴﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺟﻨﹼﺔ‬ ‫ﺧﻠﻴﺞ‬ ‫ﺷﺠﺮ‬ ‫ﻧﺠﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﻤﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﻬﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺎﺣﺔ‬ ‫ﳖﺮ‬ ‫ﺗ ﹼﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﺑﻊ‬ ‫ﺿ ﹼﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﹴ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﳏﻴﻂ‬ ‫ﻓﻀﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺃﻓﻖ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻫﺎﺩﺉ‬

earth; land

1624

water spring

1693

(also eye)

1733

sea

1806

sun

1833

sky, heaven

1874

summit mountain

2095

canal; channel

2144

nature

2155

garden;

2172

paradise

2199

gulf

2220

trees

2405

star

2493

environment moon

2571

scene, view

2596

surface

2681

river

2733

current,

2793

stream

2795

quarter

3115

bank, shore

3230

wadi, valley

3535

periphery;

3553

ocean

3639

space; vacant

3795

horizon

3804

path, trail

3919

calm, Pacific

3928

‫ﺣﺪﻳﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺻﺤﺮﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺟﺰﻳﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﺣﻘﻞ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﺍﺏ‬ ‫ﺑﺤﺮﻱ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺭﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﻏﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﺻﺨﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺟﺔ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺣﻞ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﻃﺊ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺝ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺃﻃﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻨﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﹼﺑﺮ ﹼﻱ‬ ‫ﻛﻮﻛﺐ‬ ‫ﹼﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﻧﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺿﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺌﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺤﲑﺓ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺣﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﺸﺐ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻒ‬ ‫ﺻﺤﺮﺍﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺣﲇ‬ ‫ﹼ‬

garden

3965

desert

4021

island

4044

field

4074

dirt, soil

4322

maritime;

4389

naval

4408

sand

4455

forest

4520

rocks

4556

wave

4860

coast, seashore

5012

shore, beach waves

5091

to overlook;

5118

to look out of

5199

port, harbor

5211

view, scenery

5242

land (adj)

5549

planet

5557

land; dry land

5714

plants

5831

garden

6153

well

6297

lake

6366

dust, dirt

6505

oasis

7061

grass; herb

7192

countryside

7301

desert

7302

coastal

7410

‫ﺧﻀﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﺨﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﺮ‬ ‫ﻫﻮﺓ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺩﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻛﻬﻒ‬ ‫ﺫﺭﻭﺓ‬ ‫ﻣﴩﻑ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﺾ‬ ‫ﻫﺎﻭﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻛﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﻼﻝ‬ ‫ﻏﺮﺱ‬ ￯‫ﺛﺮ‬ ‫ﺧﴬﺓ‬ ‫ﺟﺒﲇ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﹼﺑﺮ ﹼﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﺭ‬ ‫ﺿﻴﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﻴﻄﺔ‬ ‫ﺭﺑﻮﺓ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﲔ‬ ‫ﹼﺗﻞ‬ ‫ﻏﺪﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺨﻔﺾ‬ ‫ﺷﻌﺐ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺎﺏ‬

vegetables date palms region, district abyss, chasm wilderness cave peak view; heights flood cliff; abyss volcano crescent, new moon plant soil, earth vegetable mountainous orchard desert wilderness full moon village; estate planet earth hill water spring hill brook low ground reef wilderness shooting star

74

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

712

‫ ﻭﻻ‬and ‫ ﻭﺍﻻ‬conj. or; otherwise, or else; (Egy.)

719

/walla/, (Lev.Irq.Gul.) /willa/, (Magh.) /wella, wala/

worker, clerk; a.p. pl. -uun writing

‫— ﻳﻌﻨﻲ ﻣﺎﺷﺘﻐﻠﺘﺶ ﻭﻻ ﺃﺟﺮﺗﺶ ﺃﻭﺿﺔ ﻭﻻ ﺃﻱ ﺣﺎﺟﺔ‬

713

In other words you haven’t worked, or rented a

‫ﻓﺮﺡ ﳏﻤﺪ ﻓﺮﺣﺎ ﻟﻦ ﻳﺴﺘﻄﻴﻊ ﺃﻱ ﻛﺎﺗﺐ ﺣﻜﺎﻳﺎﺕ ﰲ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻌﺎﱂ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺼﻔﻪ‬Muhammad was really so

room, or anything

happy that no story writer in the world could

23 | 21684 |

describe his happiness

‫ ﹸﻃ ﹶ‬throughout, during ‫ ﹸﻃﻮﻝ‬n. length; height; ‫ﻮﻝ‬ ‫( ﻋﹶﲆ ﹸ‬Egy.) straight ahead; (the entire); ‫ﻃﻮﻝ‬ directly; (Lev., also ‫ ﻋﻄﻮﻝ‬/ß ß 9a-Tuul/)

96 | 5344 |

720

715

immediately; always; completely; for good

‫ ﻃﻮﻝ ﻋﻤﺮﻫﺎ ﰱ ﻣﺪﺍﺭﺱ‬..‫ ﺍﳊﻤﺪ ﷲ‬..‫ﳍﺎ ﺃﺣﺴﻦ ﺗﺮﺑﻴﺔ‬ ‫ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳊﻀﺎﻧﺔ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻮﻳﺔ‬..‫ — ﻟﻐﺎﺕ‬She has the

of ‫) ﹸﻣﻨﹾﻜﹶﺮ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﻗﺎﻋﺪﺓ ﻓﻘﻬﻴﺔ ﻣﻌﺮﻭﻓﺔ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﴬﻭﺭﺍﺕ ﺗﺒﻴﺢ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳌﺤﻈﻮﺭﺍﺕ‬There is a well-known legal rule

best education, thank God...her whole life she

that “Necessity knows no law” (necessities make

has been in language schools...from kindergarten

forbidden things permissible)

till secondary

98 | 5252 |

declared war on England and France

‫ﹺ ﹺ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﴈ‬ ‫ ﺭ ﹼ‬adj. sports, sportive; mathematical; ‫ﹺ‬ n. pl. -uun mathematician; ‫ﹺﺭﻳﺎﺿ ﹼﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ mathematics; ‫ ﺗ ﹾﹶﺮﺑ ﹶﻴﺔ ﺭﻳﺎﺿ ﱠﻴﺔ‬physical education ،‫ﳚﻠﺲ ﰱ ﺍﳌﺪﺭﺝ ﻭﻗﺪ ﺍﺭﺗﺪ￯ ﻗﺒﻌﺘﻪ ﺍﻟﺮﻳﺎﺿﻴﺔ ﺑﺎﳌﻘﻠﻮﺏ‬ ‫ — ﻳﺘﺎﺑﻊ ﺍﻟﻠﻌﺐ ﺑﺸﻐﻒ ﻭﲪﺎﺱ‬He is sitting in the

99 | 5202 |

stadium, having put his sports cap on

‫ ﹺ‬adj. fourth (ordinal) ‫ﺭﺍﺑﻊ‬ ‫ ﺃﻋﻠﻨﺖ‬،‫ﰱ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﻋﺔ ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺑﻌﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺪﻗﻴﻘﺔ ﺍﳋﺎﻣﺴﺔ ﻭﺍﻷﺭﺑﻌﲔ‬ ‫ — ﺇﻳﻄﺎﻟﻴﺎ ﺍﳊﺮﺏ ﻋﲆ ﺇﻧﺠﻠﱰﺍ ﻭﻓﺮﻧﺴﺎ‬At 4:45, Italy

721

backwards, following the game with passion and

‫ ﻛﹶﺬﺍ‬adv. thus, like that, in this way; ‫ﻛﹶﺬﺍ ﹶﻭﻛﹶﺬﺍ‬ such-and-such, so-and-so; ‫ﺖ‬ ‫ ﻛﹶﺬﺍ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻛ ﹾﻴ ﹶ‬this and

enthusiasm 94 | 5453 |

that

what to do; several times I’ve tried to distance

‫ ﺍﹺﺗ ﹶﱠﺼ ﹶﻞ‬v. VIII to contact ‫ ﺏ‬sb, get in touch ‫ﺏ‬ with sb; to be connected or related ‫ ﺇﱃ‬to sth ‫ ﻭﺇﻧﲈ ﻟﻴﻮﺑﺨﻬﺎ‬،‫— ﺳﻮﻑ ﻳﺘﺼﻞ ﲠﺎ ﻻ ﻟﻜﻰ ﻳﺼﺎﳊﻬﺎ‬

myself and close the matter but I can’t

He is going to call her, not to make up with her,

92 | 5614 |

but to scold her

‫ﻭﺍﳊﲔ ﻣﺎ ﺍﺩﺭﻱ ﺍﻳﺶ ﺍﺳﻮﻱ؟ ﻛﺬﺍ ﻣﺮﺓ ﺍﺣﺎﻭﻝ ﺍﺑﺘﻌﺪ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺍﳖﻲ ﺍﳌﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻟﻜﻦ ﻣﺎ ﺍﻗﺪﺭ‬Now I don’t know

716

‫ ﻃﺎ ﹶﻗﺔ‬n. energy, power; potential, ability ‫ — ﻫﺬﺍ ﻓﻮﻕ ﻃﺎﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﴩ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻻﺣﺘﲈﻝ‬This is beyond

722

97 | 5289 | +spo

723

man’s ability to bear 96 | 5368 |

717

..‫ﺍﻧﺖ ﻋﺎﺭﻑ ﻣﲔ ﺑﻴﺪﻓﻊ ﺑﻘﺸﻴﺶ ﻛﻮﻳﺲ؟ ﺍﻟﻴﺒﺎﲏ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺮﰊ‬You know who pays really good tips? The Japanese and the Arabs 66 | 7717 | +spo

‫ ﻗﺎﺋﹺﻞ‬a.p. saying; n. (person) saying ‫ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﻋﻠﻴﻜﻢ‬:‫ — ﺑﺎﺩﺭﻫﺎ ﻗﺎﺋﻼ ﺑﺎﺑﺘﺴﺎﻣﺔ‬He initiated

‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺟﻨﹶﺒﹺ ﹼﻲ‬n./adj. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃﺟﺎﻧﹺﺐ‬foreign, foreigner ‫ﺗﺒﲔ ﱄ ﺃﻥ ﺷﺨﺼﺎ ﳚﻠﺲ ﻗﺮﻳﺒﺎ ﻣﻨﺎ ﻳﻄﺎﻟﻊ ﳎﻠﺔ ﺃﺟﻨﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ — ﻭﻛﺄﻧﻪ ﻳﺘﺼﻨﺖ ﻋﻠﻴﻨﺎ‬It became obvious to me that someone sitting near us reading a foreign

‫( ﹺﻣﲔ‬Egy.Lev.) interrog. who; ‫( ﹶﳌﹺﲔ‬Lev.) to/for

magazine appeared to be eavesdropping on us

whom; whose

718

‫ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻌ ﹸﺮﻭﻑ‬adj. known, well-known; n. favor, kind

gesture, good deed; what is right (opposite

99 | 5194 |

714

‫ ﻛﺎﺗﹺﺐ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﻛﺘﹼﺎﺏ‬writer, author; pl. ‫ ﹶﻛ ﹶﺘ ﹶﺒﺔ‬office

96 | 5360 |

724

‫ ﹶﲨ ﹺ‬multitude, public; ‫ﲈﻫﲑ‬ ‫ﺍﳉ ﹺ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ ﹸﺟ ﹾﻤ ﹸﻬﻮﺭ‬n. pl. ‫ﺎﻫﲑ‬ the masses

‫ﺇﺫﺍ ﺃﻧﻜﺮﺕ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻜﻼﻡ ﺗﻜﻮﻥ ﻗﺪ ﺧﺎﻟﻔﺖ ﺇﲨﺎﻉ ﲨﻬﻮﺭ‬ ‫— ﺍﻟﻔﻘﻬﺎﺀ ﻭﺃﻧﻜﺮﺕ ﻣﺎ ﻫﻮ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻡ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﻟﴬﻭﺭﺓ‬ If you reject this statement, then you have gone against the consensus of the main body of

a conversation with her saying with a smile:

religious scholars, and denied what is

hello!

necessarily known about religion

89 | 5777 |

94 | 5401 |

Frequency index

725

‫ﻷ ﺇﺣﻨﺎ ﺑﻨﻬﺘﻢ ﲠﺎﻱ ﺍﻟﺸﻐﻼﺕ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﺎ ﻋﻨﺪﻧﺎ ﺑﺎﻟﺒﻴﺖ‬ ‫ — ﻛﺜﲑ ﻛﺜﲑ ﺑﻨﻬﺘﻢ ﲠﺎﻱ ﺍﻟﺸﻐﻼﺕ‬No, we take an

‫ ﹶﺷ ﹺﻬﻴﺪ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﺷ ﹶﻬﺪﺍﺀ‬martyr ‫ﺣﺪﺙ ﺍﻻﻧﻔﺠﺎﺭ ﻭﱂ ﺍﺻﺐ ﺑﺎﻏﲈﺀ ﻓﺮﺃﻳﺖ ﻣﻨﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﺟﺜﺚ ﺍﻟﺸﻬﺪﺍﺀ ﻭﻫﻲ ﺗﺘﻄﺎﻳﺮ ﻭﺳﻘﻒ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﻟﺔ ﻭﻗﻊ ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻻﺭﺽ ﺑﺎﻟﻜﺎﻣﻞ‬The explosion occurred and

interest in those things, especially at home, we

I did not lose consciousness, and I saw the

really take a big interest in those things

bodies of martyrs flying in all directions, and

45 | 11287 | +for +spo

the ceiling of the hall fell completely to the

‫( ﻫﺎﻱ‬Lev.Irq.Gul.) dem.pron. this (fem.sg.),

732

these (non-human pl. and fem.pl.)

726

‫ ﺍﹺ ﹾﺳﺘ ﹶﹶﻤ ﱠﺮ‬v. X to last, go on (for a certain amount of time); to continue ‫ ﰲ‬doing sth ‫ﻳﺴﺘﻤﺮ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺬﻳﺐ ﺣﺘﻰ ﻳﺴﺘﺴﻠﻢ ﺍﳌﺘﻬﻢ ﻭﻳﻌﱰﻑ ﺑﲈ ﻫﻮ‬ ‫ — ﻣﻨﺴﻮﺏ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ‬The torture continues until the

ground 88 | 5762 |

733

(a complaint)

has been attributed to him

‫ — ﻣﻦ ﻳﻮﺍﻓﻖ ﻳﺮﻓﻊ ﻳﺪﻩ ﻣﻦ ﻓﻀﻠﻜﻢ‬Whoever agrees,

89 | 5737 |

raise his hand please

‫ ﹶﻗ ﹶﺮ ﹶﺃ‬v. I (a) and (Dia.) ￯‫( ﹶﻗ ﹶﺮ‬a) to read sth ‫ — ﻳﺒﺪﻭ ﺃﻧﻚ ﱂ ﺗﻘﺮﺃ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺟﻴﺪﺍ‬It appears that

98 | 5104 |

734

‫ﺍﻧﺘﻬﻰ ﻃﺎﺭﻕ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻌﺔ ﻋﻴﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﻛﻌﺎﺩﺗﻪ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺃﻏﻠﻖ ﻣﻜﺘﺒﻪ ﻭﺍﺳﺘﻌﺪ ﻟﻼﻧﴫﺍﻑ‬Tariq finished

97 | 5267 |

‫ ﹶﺳﲈﺀ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺳﲈﻭﺍﺕ‬, ß‫ ﹶﺳ ﹶﻤﻮﺍﺕ‬sky, heaven ‫ ﻧﺰﻝ ﰱ ﻣﻜﺎﻥ‬،‫ﺁﺩﻡ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﺣﲔ ﻫﺒﻂ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺴﲈﺀ‬ ‫ — ﺷﺒﻴﻪ ﲠﺬﺍ ﺍﳌﻜﺎﻥ‬Adam, may peace be upon

reviewing the research samples as usual and locked his desk and prepared to leave 99 | 5056 |

him, when he fell from the sky, came down in

‫( ٰﻫ ﹺﺬﻱ‬often written ‫ )ﻫﺎﺫﻱ‬dem.pron. this (fem.

‫ ﹶﺿﻐﹾﻂ‬vn. pressing, exerting pressure; n. pl. ‫ﺿﻐﹸﻮﻁ‬ ‫ ﹸ‬pressure, stress; voltage ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺮﺝ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺮﺍ ﻳﻔﻴﺪ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻳﻌﺎﲏ ﻣﻦ ﺿﻐﻂ ﻣﺮﺗﻔﻊ‬ ‫ — ﺃﺩ￯ ﺇﱃ ﺟﻠﻄﺔ ﰱ ﺍﳌﺦ‬He extracted a

sg.), these (MSA: non-human pl.; Dia. also

report that stated that he was suffering from

fem.pl.)

high blood pressure which lead to clot in the

technology

95 | 5269 |

a place like this place

735

98 | 5198 |

729

‫ — ﺍﻧﺎ ﻫﺎﺩﻱ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻨﻮﻟﻮﺟﻴﺎ ﻣﺎ ﺑﻌﺮﻓﻬﺎ‬I don’t know this

brain

99 | 5112 | +for

730

‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﹶﴘ‬ ‫ ﻧ ﹶ‬v. I (a) to forget sth/sb ‫ﺇﻥ ﺃﴎﺗﻪ ﻭﺃﻫﻠﻪ ﺣﻮﻟﻪ ﺍﻵﻥ ﺣﻘﺎ ﻟﻜﻨﻪ ﻻ ﻳﻨﺴﻰ ﺭﻣﻀﺎﻥ‬ ‫ ﻭﺧﻼﺀ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺮﺍﺀ ﻭﺧﺸﻮﻉ ﻏﺮﻭﺑﻪ‬،‫ — ﺍﳌﺎﴇ‬His

736

‫ ﹶﺳ ﹾﻬﻢ‬n. pl. ‫( ﹶﺃ ﹾﺳ ﹸﻬﻢ‬econ.) share, stock; pl. ‫ﹺﺳﻬﺎﻡ‬ arrow

‫ﻭﺍﺻﻠﺖ ﻣﻌﻈﻢ ﺍﺳﻌﺎﺭ ﺍﻻﺳﻬﻢ ﰲ ﺍﺳﻮﺍﻕ ﺍﳌﺎﻝ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻮﺭﺻﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﺍﺭﺗﻔﺎﻋﻬﺎ‬Most of the prices

family is really around him now but he will not

of the stocks in the Arab stock exchanges and

forget last Ramadan, and the emptiness of the

money markets continued their rise

desert and the humiliation of separation

85 | 5902 |

96 | 5270 |

731

‫ ﻋﺎ ﹶﺩﺓ‬n. pl. -aat habit, custom, practice; ‫ﻋﺎ ﹶﺩ ﹰﺓ‬ usually, generally, typically

you haven’t read history well

728

‫ ﹶﺭ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻊ‬v. I (a) to lift, raise sth; to increase, ‫ ﻋﲆ‬against sb

boost sth; to lodge

accused surrenders and confesses to whatever

727

75

‫ ﹶﺟ ﹾﻬﺪ‬and ‫ ﹸﺟ ﹾﻬﺪ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﺟ ﹸﻬﻮﺩ‬effort, exertion; endeavor

‫ ﺇﱃ‬،‫ﺍﻷﺣﺪﺍﺙ ﺍﻟﻀﺨﻤﺔ ﲢﺘﺎﺝ ﺇﱃ ﺟﻬﻮﺩ ﺿﺨﻤﺔ‬ ‫ ﺇﱃ ﲣﻄﻴﻂ‬،‫ — ﲢﻀﲑ‬Big events require big

737

‫ﹺﻣﻦ ﺯﹶ ﹴ‬ ‫ ﹶﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬n. time, period, duration; ‫ﻣﺎﻥ‬ (it has been) for some time; (it was) a long

‫( ﺑﹺﺎﻟﺰﱠ ﻣﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬Lev.) a long time ago ‫— ﻫﺬﻩ ﺧﻄﻮﺓ ﺗﺄﺧﺮﺕ ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﳚﺐ ﺍﲣﺎﺫﻫﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ time ago;

This step is late, it should have been taken a

efforts, to prepare, to plan

long time ago

85 | 5918 |

98 | 5131 |

76

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

738

739

‫ ﻣ ﹺ‬issue, affair; matter, question ‫ ﹶﻣ ﹾﺴ ﹶﺄ ﹶﻟﺔ‬n. pl. ‫ﺴﺎﺋﻞ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ﺃﺧﱪﲏ ﺃﻧﻪ ﺳﻴﺘﺠﻪ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﺦ ﺍﺑﻦ ﻋﺜﻴﻤﲔ ﻟﻴﺴﺄﻟﻪ ﰲ‬ ‫ — ﺑﻌﺾ ﻣﺴﺎﺋﻞ ﺍﳉﻬﺎﺩ‬He told me that he would

745

organism

go to Sheikh Ibn Uthimin to ask him about

‫ﳚﻠﺲ ﻋﲆ ﺍﳌﻘﻌﺪ ﻭﻫﻮ ﳛﺪﻕ ﰲ ﺟﺴﻢ ﻋﺒﺪﻩ ﺍﳌﻤﺪﺩ‬ ‫ — ﻋﲆ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ‬He sits on the chair staring

some issues of jihad

at the body of Abdu stretched out on the

97 | 5136 |

floor

‫ ﻛ ﹾﹶﻮﻥ‬vn. being, by virtue of being; ‫ﻟﹺﻜ ﹾﹶﻮ ﹺﻥ‬ because; n. ‫ ﺍﻟﻜ ﹾﹶﻮﻥ‬the universe, existence ‫ﻻ ﻳﻤﻨﻊ ﻛﻮﻥ ﺍﻷﺳﺌﻠﺔ ﺻﻌﺒﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻥ ﺗﺒﺤﺚ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻻﺟﺎﺑﺔ‬

98 | 5040 |

746

‫ﺇﻧﻨﻲ ﻋﲆ ﻳﻘﲔ ﺑﺎﻥ ﺍﻷﻣﻮﺍﻝ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺴﻠﻤﻬﺎ ﺫﻫﺒﺖ ﺇﱃ‬ ‫ — ﺣﺴﺎﺑﻪ ﻭﺣﺴﺎﺏ ﺃﺻﺪﻗﺎﺋﻪ‬I am sure that the

not prevent one from searching for the answers 97 | 5136 |

money he received went into his account and

‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﻳﻤﺔ‬ ‫ ﹶﺟ ﹺﺮ ﹶ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺟﺮﺍﺋﻢ‬crime ‫ ﻫﻞ ﺍﺭﺗﻜﺒﺖ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳉﺮﻳﻤﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺩﻭﻥ‬:‫ﺳﺄﻝ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﴈ ﺍﳌﺘﻬﻢ‬ ‫ — ﴍﻳﻚ؟‬The judge asked the accused: Did

the accounts of his friends

you commit this crime without a partner?

98 | 5004 |

747

96 | 5204 |

741

‫ ﺇﹺ ﹾﺭﻫﺎﺏ‬n. terror, terrorism; vn. terrorizing, ،‫ﻃﺎﳌﺎ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﻇﻠﻢ ﺑﺤﻖ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﻮﺏ ﻛﻔﻠﺴﻄﲔ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺮﺍﻕ‬ ‫ — ﻓﺈﻥ ﺍﻹﺭﻫﺎﺏ ﺳﻴﻈﻞ ﻣﱪﺭﺍ‬As long as there is

the war was a major human catastrophe,

injustice against people such as (those in) Palestine

immediately

and Iraq, terrorism will continue to be justified

88 | 5603 |

and Egypt cut off its relations with Italy

90 | 5556 |

‫ ﺷﻮﻱ‬/shway/ (Lev.Gul.Irq.) adv. a little bit; ‫ ﺷﻮﻳﺔ‬/shwayya/ (Egy.Lev.Gul.Irq.Yem.) n. some,

748

a few; adv. a little bit

the Strip 97 | 5093 |

What am I going to do when I go to Egypt now? 60 | 8225 | +spo

749

‫ ﻣﺶ ﺯﻱ‬..‫ﻫﻮ ﺷﻴﻄﺎﻥ ﺍﻧﺠﻠﻴﺰﻱ ﻓﺎﻫﻢ ﺷﻐﻠﻪ ﻛﻮﻳﺲ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺸﻴﻄﺎﻥ ﺍﳌﴫﻱ ﺍﻟﲇ ﻛﻨﺖ ﺑﺎﻋﺮﻑ ﺃﻗﺎﻭﻣﻪ‬He is

capability, capacity

‫ — ﻗﺮﺭ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺘﺠﻨﺐ ﺍﳌﻮﺍﺟﻬﺔ ﺑﻘﺪﺭ ﺍﻹﻣﻜﺎﻥ‬He decided

an English devil who understands his work very

to avoid the confrontation as much as possible

well, not like the Egyptian devil whom I used to

98 | 5050 |

744

‫ ﹸﺷﻐﹾﻞ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺷﻐﺎﻝ‬work, labor; occupation, business

‫ ﹶﻗﺪﹾ ﺭ‬n. extent, degree; amount, value; ability,

‫ ﹺﳖﺎﺋﹺ ﹼﻲ‬adj. final, definitive, conclusive; n. pl. ‫ ﹺ ﹺ‬finally, in the end -aat final (in sports); ‫ﳖﺎﺋ ﹼﻴ ﹰﺎ‬ ‫ ﻃﻮﺍﻝ ﻋﻤﺮ￯ ﺃﺣﺼﻞ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺟﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬..‫ﻻ ﺃﻓﻬﻤﻬﻢ‬ ￯‫ ﻟﻜﻨﻬﻢ ﻳﺘﻜﻠﻤﻮﻥ ﺇﻧﺠﻠﻴﺰﻳﺔ ﺃﺧﺮ‬،‫ﰲ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺔ ﺍﻹﻧﺠﻠﻴﺰﻳﺔ‬

‫ ﺳﺎﻛﹺﻦ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﺳﻜﹼﺎﻥ‬resident, inhabitant; ‫ﹺ‬ a.p. ‫ ﺳﺎﻛﻦ‬see under verb ‫ﻦ‬ ‫( ﹶﺳ ﹶﻜ ﹶ‬u) ‫ — ﺗﴪﻕ ﺍﳌﻴﺎﻩ ﻭﺗﺒﻴﻌﻬﺎ ﻟﺴﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻘﻄﺎﻉ‬She steals the water and sells it to the inhabitants of

‫ ﺃﻧﺎ ﺣﺎﻧﺰﻝ ﻣﴫ ﺩﻟﻮﻗﺖ‬..‫ ﻻﺯﻡ ﻧﻔﻜﺮ ﺷﻮﻳﻪ‬..‫ﻋﺼﻤﺖ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻋﻤﻞ ﺍﻳﻪ؟‬Ismat...we have to think a bit.

743

‫ﹾﺴﺎﲏ‬ ‫ ﺇﹺﻧ ﹺ ﹼ‬adj. human; humane, humanitarian ‫ﺃﻋﻠﻦ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻴﺔ ﺃﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺃﻥ ﺩﺧﻮﻝ ﺇﻳﻄﺎﻟﻴﺎ‬ ‫ ﻭﻗﻄﻌﺖ ﻣﴫ‬،￯‫ﺍﳊﺮﺏ ﻛﺎﺭﺛﺔ ﺇﻧﺴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻛﱪ‬ ‫ — ﻋﻼﻗﺎﲥﺎ ﺑﺈﻳﻄﺎﻟﻴﺎ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻟﻔﻮﺭ‬The US Secretary of State announced that Italy’s entering

frightening

742

‫ ﹺﺣﺴﺎﺏ‬n. pl. -aat calculation, appraisal; account, invoice; expense

— The fact that the questions are hard does

740

‫ ﹺﺟ ﹾﺴﻢ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺟﺴﺎﻡ‬body; form, mass;

know how to resist 96 | 5144 | +spo

— I don’t understand them...My whole life I’ve

‫ ﹺﻋﻼﺝ‬n. treatment, therapy ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻼﺝ ﺑﺎﳉﻴﻨﺎﺕ ﺳﻴﻔﺘﺢ ﺑﺎﺏ ﺍﻷﻣﻞ ﳌﺮﴇ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﺐ‬ ‫ — ﺧﻼﻝ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﻮﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﴩ ﺍﳌﻘﺒﻠﺔ‬Gene therapy will

received the top grade in English language, but

open the door of hope to heart patients during

they speak another English

the next ten years

94 | 5285 |

97 | 5073 |

750

Frequency index

751

‫ ﹶﻳ ﹾﻌﻨﹺﻲ‬part. (used as a filler) I mean,

757

y’know, like, uh; (as a response) sort of, more or less

‫ ﻳﻌﻨﻲ ﻳﺎﺩﻭﺏ‬..‫ﺃﻧﺎ ﺧﱪﰐ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻄﲑﺍﻥ ﻣﺶ ﻛﺒﲑﺓ ﻗﻮﻱ‬ ‫ — ﻫﻢ ﺍﳋﻤﺲ ﺳﺎﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﲇ ﺭﻛﺒﺘﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻣﴫ ﳍﻨﺎ‬My

protect Iraqi journalists 95 | 5112 |

not very big...it’s, well, barely the five hours

752

to here

‫ ﺍﹺ ﹾﻋﺘﹺﺒﺎﺭ‬vn. considering, regarding; n. pl. -aat ‫ﹺ ﹺ ﹺ‬ consideration, regard, belief; ‫ﺍﻋﹾﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﹰﺍ ﻣﻦ‬

10 | 49368 |

beginning on, starting from (date)

758

‫ﳌﺎﺫﺍ ﺗﻮﻗﻔﺖ ﺷﻌﻮﺏ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﱂ ﺑﺤﺴﺐ ﺭﺃﻳﻚ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ — ﺃﻧﻔﺴﻬﺎ ﺃﻣﲑﻛﻴﺔ ﺃﻱ ﻣﺘﻀﺎﻣﻨﺔ ﻣﻊ ﺃﻣﲑﻛﺎ؟‬Why, in

‫ﻗﺎﻣﺔ‬ ‫ ﺇﹺ ﹶ‬n. residency; setting up, establishing; erecting

your opinion, have the world’s people stopped

‫ﺧﺎﺻﺔ ﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﺎﺏ ﻳﻠﺠﺄ ﺍﱃ ﺍﻟﺰﻭﺍﺝ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﰲ ﻭﺍﻟﴪﻱ‬ ‫ — ﲠﺪﻑ ﺇﻗﺎﻣﺔ ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺟﻨﺴﻴﺔ ﻓﻘﻂ‬Especially since

considering themselves American, that is, in solidarity with America?

young people resort to civil and secret

88 | 5516 |

marriages with the sole purpose of establishing a sexual relationship

759

‫ﺍﻹﺑﺪﺍﻉ ﺃﺳﺎﺱ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺪﻡ ﺳﻮﺍﺀ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻔﻦ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻢ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﻔﻜﺮ‬

‫ ﹶﺳﻌﺎ ﹶﺩﺓ‬n. happiness; (honorific) His

— Creativity is the basis of progress, whether in art, science, or thought

Excellency

‫ﻻ ﳛﻮﻝ ﺑﻴﻨﻨﺎ ﻭﺑﲔ ﺍﻟﺴﻌﺎﺩﺓ ﺇﻻ ﺍﻟﻌﻔﺎﺭﻳﺖ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻣﻨﺔ‬ ‫ — ﰱ ﺃﻋﲈﻗﻨﺎ‬The only things keeping us from happiness are the devils hiding inside

95 | 5117 |

760

‫ﻗﺎﻡ ﻓﻀﻴﻠﺔ ﺷﻴﺦ ﺍﻷﺯﻫﺮ ﺷﺨﺼﻴﺎ ﺑﻌﻘﺪ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﰱ‬ ‫ — ﺟﺎﻣﻊ ﺳﻴﺪﻧﺎ ﺍﳊﺴﲔ‬His eminence, the

89 | 5499 |

‫( ﹸﻣﻮ‬Irq.Gul.Lev.) neg.part. not; ‫ﹸﻣﻮ ﹸﻣ ﹾﺸ ﹺﻜ ﹶﻠﺔ‬ no problem; (Lev.) ‫ ﻣﻮ ﻫﻴﻚ؟‬/muu heek/, (Irq.) ‫ ﻣﻮ ﻫﻴﻜﻲ؟‬/muu hiichi/ isn’t that so?

Sheikh of Al-Azhar, personally performed the marriage in the Mosque of Sayyidna Al-Hussein

innit?

98 | 4953 |

‫ — ﻫﻮ ﻣﻮ ﻣﺒﺴﻮﻁ‬He is not happy 55 | 8913 | +spo

755

761

‫ ﹸﻣ ﹺﺸﲑ‬a.p. pointing out, indicating; adj. indicative

‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺏ‬ ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹶ‬v. IV (usu. pass.) ‫ﻴﺐ‬ ‫ ﹸﺃﺻ ﹶ‬to suffer ‫( ﺏ‬injuries); to be struck, afflicted ‫ ﺏ‬by

،‫ﲢﺪﺙ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻧﺸﺎﺀ ﺷﺒﻜﺎﺕ ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ ﺍﻟﻐﺎﺯ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﻌﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﲑﺍ ﺍﱃ ﺍﻥ ﺍﳋﻄﻂ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺗﻘﴤ ﺑﺎﻥ ﻳﺼﻞ ﺍﱃ ﻋﲈﻥ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺍﻟﺰﺭﻗﺎﺀ‬He spoke about building a network

(illness)

‫ﳚﺐ ﺩﺍﺋﲈ ﺃﻥ ﻧﺨﻔﺾ ﺗﻮﻗﻌﺎﺗﻨﺎ ﺣﺘﻰ ﻻ ﻧﺼﺎﺏ ﺑﺨﻴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺃﻣﻞ‬We have to always lower our

for the distribution of natural gas, pointing to the plans that stipulate that it reach Amman

expectations so that we are not hit with

and Zarqa

disappointment

83 | 5830 | +news

99 | 4927 |

756

‫ ﹶﺷﺨﹾ ﹺ ﹼﴢ‬adj. personal, private; ‫ﹶﺷ ﹾﺨ ﹺﺼ ﹼﻴ ﹰﺎ‬ personally, in person

ourselves

754

‫ ﹶﺗ ﹶﻘﺪﱡ ﻡ‬n. progress, advancement; vn. coming forward

96 | 5135 |

753

‫ ﹺﲪﺎ ﹶﻳﺔ‬n. protection, protecting ‫ﺍﲢﺎﺩ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﻓﻴﲔ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺏ ﻳﻄﺎﻟﺐ ﺍﻻﻣﻢ ﺍﳌﺘﺤﺪﺓ ﺑﺤﲈﻳﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﻓﻴﲔ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺍﻗﻴﲔ‬The Arab journalists’ union is demanding that the United Nations

experience in the airline industry is during which I took the plane from Egypt

‫ ﹶﺗ ﹶﻌ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻖ‬v. V to be connected ‫ ﺏ‬with, have to do ‫ ﺏ‬with sth/sb ‫ — ﻫﻞ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺃﺳﺌﻠﺔ ﺗﺘﻌﻠﻖ ﺑﺎﳌﺤﺎﴐﺓ؟‬Are there

77

762

‫ ﹶﺷ ﹶﺒﻜﹶﺔ‬n. pl. -aat, ‫ ﹺﺷﺒﺎﻙ‬net; web, network; grid, system

‫— ﺍﳉﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺚ ﺳﻴﺼﺒﺢ ﺍﻓﻀﻞ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﺘﻮﻓﺮﺓ‬ Third Generation (3G) will become the best

questions related to the lecture?

available network

91 | 5362 |

96 | 5022 |

78

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

763

‫ ﹶﺧ ﱠﲆ‬v. II (Dia.) to preserve, keep sb safe (of God): ‫ ﺍﷲ ﹶ ﹺﳜ ﱢﻠﻴﻚ‬God keep you safe! (used

768

to express thanks for a service); to let sb do

also

‫ ﹶﺧ ﱢﻠﻴﻨﹺﻲ ﹶﺃ ﹸﺭﻭﺡ‬let me go!; (aux. verb, with ‫ﹺ‬ 2nd pers. pron.) stay: ‫ ﹶﺧ ﱢﻠﻴﻚ ﹶﻣﻌﻲ‬stay with me; ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ ﹶﺧ ﱢﻠﻴﻚ ﻗﺎﻋﺪ‬remain seated; ‫ ﹶﺧ ﱢﻠﻴﻚ ﺑﹺﺎ ﹶﳌ ﹾﻮ ﹸﺿﻮﻉ‬stick

‫— ﺣﻠﻮ ﺍﳌﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻛﺘﲑ ﻭﻛﲈﻥ ﰲ ﻓﺎﺋﺪﺓ‬

sth:

The subject is very nice, and it also has some use

with the subject

‫ﺭﺑﻨﺎ ﳜﻠﻴﻚ ﻳﺎﺑﻨﻲ ﻭﻳﺪﻳﻚ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺔ ﺃﻧﺖ ﻭﺍﻟﲇ ﺯﻳﻚ ﻳﺎ‬ ‫ — ﺭﺏ ﻳﺎ ﻛﺮﻳﻢ‬God keep you, my son, and give

‫( ﻛﹶﲈﻥ‬Egy.Lev.) adv. also; ‫ ﻛﹶﲈﻥ ﹶﻣ ﹼﺮﺓ‬again, once more; ‫ ﹶﺃﻧﺎ ﻛﹶﲈﻥ‬me too; ‫( ﻛﹶﲈﻧﹶﺔ‬Lev.) adv.

54 | 8928 |

769

you health, you and all those like you, O Generous Lord 66 | 7277 | +spo

‫ ﹶﺣ ﹺﺪﻳﺚ‬adj. new, recent; modern; pl. -uun ‫ ﺃ ﹾﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﹶﺣ ﹺﺪﻳ ﹸﺜﻮ ﹺ‬newborn (mostly in idafa) ‫ﺍﻟﻮﻻ ﹶﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ babies; ‫ﺣﺪﻳﺜ ﹰﺎ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬recently, lately ‫— ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺍﻟﺸﻘﺔ ﻣﺘﺴﻌﺔ ﻭﻗﺪ ﺃﺛﺜﺖ ﺑﻄﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﺣﺪﻳﺜﺔ ﻓﺨﻤﺔ‬ The apartment was roomy, and it was furnished

764

‫ ﺯﹶﻭﺍﺝ‬n. marriage; wedding ‫ﻟﺪﻳﻪ ﻣﺒﻠﻎ ﻣﻌﺘﱪ ﻣﻜﻨﻪ ﰱ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ ﺍﳌﺎﴈ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺰﻭﺍﺝ ﺑﺎﺑﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺟﺮ ﺛﺮ￯ ﻳﻤﺘﻠﻚ ﳏﻼ ﻛﺒﲑﺍ ﻟﻸﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻴﺔ ﰱ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺮﻭﻳﻌﻰ‬He has a considerable amount

in a luxurious, modern way 96 | 5014 |

770

/9ammo/ ß (Lev.Irq.Gul.) friendly term of

(of money) which enabled him last year to

address: (hey) buddy, pal, man

marry the daughter of a rich merchant who

‫— ﻻ ﺃﺣﺐ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺮﺍﲏ ﻋﻤﻲ ﺻﺎﻟﺢ ﺳﻜﺮﺍﻥ‬

owns a big health supplies shop in Al-Ruwayi

I don’t want my uncle Salih to see me

96 | 5033 |

765

‫ ﹺ‬adj. foreign; outer, exterior, outside ‫ﺧﺎﺭ ﹺﺟ ﹼﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻌﺮﻭﻑ ﺃﻥ ﺍﳊﻴﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﻤﺘﻠﻚ ﺷﻌﻮﺭﺍ ﻣﺒﺎﴍﺍ ﺑﺎﻟﻌﺎﱂ‬ ‫ ﻟﻜﻨﻪ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﺄﻛﻴﺪ ﻻ ﻳﻤﺘﻠﻚ ﺷﻌﻮﺭﺍ‬،‫ﺍﳋﺎﺭﺟﻲ‬ ‫ — ﺑﺬﺍﺗﻪ‬It is known that animals possess

drunk 95 | 5063 |

771

direct consciousness about the outside world, but they certainly do not possess

98 | 4864 |

96 | 5049 |

‫ ﹸﻣ ﹶﺠ ﱠﺮﺩ‬adj. bare, naked; free (‫ﻋﻦ‬/‫ ﻣﻦ‬from);

772

‫ ﻛ ﹶﹶﺸ ﹶ‬v. I (i) to reveal, disclose ‫ ﻋﻦ‬sth; to ‫ﻒ‬ ‫ﱢﻘﺎﺏ ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ ﺍﻟﻨ ﹶ‬sth; to examine ‫ ﻋﲆ‬sb (medically) ‫ﺑﺪﺕ ﻣﺘﺄﻟﻘﺔ ﰱ ﺛﻮﺏ ﺳﻬﺮﺓ ﺃﻧﻴﻖ ﻛﺸﻒ ﻋﻦ ﻛﺘﻔﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺻﺪﺭﻫﺎ‬She looked exquisite in a stylish expose, uncover

pure, absolute (truth); n. mere, nothing but;

‫ ﺑﹺ ﹸﻤ ﹶﺠ ﱠﺮ ﹺﺩ‬as soon as, the instant; ‫ ﹸﳌﹺ ﹶﺠ ﱠﺮ ﹺﺩ‬for no other reason but, for the sole reason that

‫ﻓﻘﺪﺕ ﻭﻇﻴﻔﺘﻬﺎ ﻟﻴﺲ ﻷﳖﺎ ﻣﻬﻤﻠﺔ ﺍﻭ ﻏﲑ ﻛﻒﺀ ﻭﻟﻜﻦ‬ ‫ — ﳌﺠﺮﺩ ﺃﳖﺎ ﺳﻮﺩﺍﺀ‬She lost her job not because

evening gown that revealed her shoulders and cleavage

she was neglectful or not qualified, but merely

95 | 5018 |

because she was black

‫ ﹶﻗ ﱠﺮ ﹶﺭ‬v. II to decide, resolve ‫ ﺃﻥ‬to do sth ‫ ﺛﻢ ﻗﺮﺭ ﻓﺠﺄﺓ ﺃﻥ‬،‫ﻇﻞ ﺭﺃﻓﺖ ﻳﺮﺍﻗﺒﻬﲈ ﻣﻦ ﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ ﻣﻜﺘﺒﻪ‬ ‫ ﻓﻠﺘﺬﻫﺐ ﺇﱃ ﺍﳉﺤﻴﻢ‬،‫ — ﻳﺘﺠﺎﻫﻞ ﺍﺑﻨﺘﻪ ﲤﺎﻣﺎ‬Ra’fat

‫ ﹸﺫﻭ‬n. (gen. ‫ ﹺﺫﻱ‬, acc. ‫ )ﺫﺍ‬pl. ‫( ﹶﺫ ﹸﻭﻭ‬gen./acc. ‫) ﹸﺃ ﹺ‬, fem. ‫ﺫﺍﺕ‬, pl. ‫) ﹶﺫ ﹺﻭﻱ‬ßß,‫( ﹸﺃﻭ ﹸﻟﻮ‬gen./acc. ‫ﻭﱄ‬ ‫ ﹶﺫﻭﺍﺕ‬having, possessing; (pl.) those who ،‫ﺃﻣﺎﻣﻬﺎ ﻗﴫ ﺍﳌﻠﻚ ﺍﻷﺑﻴﺾ ﺫﻭ ﺍﻟﻨﻮﺍﻓﺬ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪﺓ‬ ‫— ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺨﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻄﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﳌﻰ ﻳﺘﲈﻳﻞ ﲢﺖ ﺍﻟﺮﻳﺢ‬

kept watching from the window of his office,

In front of her was the white palace of the king,

then he suddenly decided to ignore his

with the many windows, and the royal palms

daughter completely, let her go to hell

swaying in the wind

96 | 5019 |

89 | 5336 |

97 | 4961 |

767

‫ ﹶﺧ ﹶﻄﺮ ﻋﹶﲆ ﹺ‬it ‫ ﺑﺎﻝ‬n. mind, attention; ‫ﺑﺎﱄ‬ ‫ ﺭﺍﺡ ﻋﹶﻦ ﹺ‬it slipped my occurred to me; ‫ﺑﺎﱄ‬ mind; ‫( ﻣﺎ ﻋﲆ ﺑﺎﻟﻴﺶ‬Alg.) I don’t know ‫ — ﺧﺪ ﺑﺎﻟﻚ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻠﺼﻮﺹ ﰱ ﺍﻟﺰﺣﺎﻡ‬Watch out for thieves in the crowd

self-consciousness

766

‫ ﹶﻋ ﹼﻢ‬n. pl. ‫ ﻋ ﹸﹸﻤﻮﻡ‬paternal uncle; ‫ﻋ ﱡﹶﻤﻪ‬/‫)ﻳﺎ( ﻋ ﱡﹶﻤﻮ‬

773

Frequency index

774

‫ﺐ‬ ‫ ﻃﺎ ﹶﻟ ﹶ‬v. III to demand, call for ‫ ﺏ‬sth (from sb); to require ‫ ﺏ‬sth (from sb) ‫ﳜﺎﻑ ﺇﺫﺍ ﺯﺍﺭ ﻓﺮﻧﺴﺎ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻄﺎﻟﺐ ﺃﻗﺎﺭﺏ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﻟﻀﺤﺎﻳﺎ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻄﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻧﺴﻴﺔ ﺑﻤﻨﻌﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﻮﺩﺓ ﺇﱃ ﺍﳉﺰﺍﺋﺮ‬He is afraid if he visits France that the relatives of

79

only an island that constitutes only one third or less 88 | 5374 |

781

some of the victims would demand the French

‫ ﹶﻭ ﹾﻓﻖ‬n. ‫ ﹶﻭ ﹾﻓ ﹶﻖ‬and ‫ ﹺﻭ ﹾﻓﻘ ﹰﺎ ﻟﹺـ‬according to, in accordance with, pursuant to

Algeria

‫ ﺃﻡ‬،‫ﱂ ﻳﺴﺄﻝ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ ﻋﲈ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻳﻔﻌﻞ ﻣﺎ ﻳﻔﻌﻠﻪ ﻭﻓﻖ ﺭﻏﺒﺘﻪ‬ ‫ — ﺃﻧﻪ ﻣﻜﺮﻩ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬He didn’t ask himself about

94 | 5063 |

whether he was doing what he was doing

authorities to prevent him from returning to

according to his desires, or whether he was 775

‫ ﻏﹶﺪ‬n. tomorrow; ‫ ﻏﹶﺪ ﹰﺍ‬tomorrow ‫ — ﺗﺬﻛﺮﺕ ﺃﻥ ﻟﺪﻱ ﺍﻣﺘﺤﺎﻧﺎ ﻏﺪﺍ‬I remembered that

being forced 87 | 5446 |

I have a test tomorrow 91 | 5254 |

782

‫ ﻋ ﹺ‬factor, element; component, ‫ ﹸﻋﻨ ﹸﹾﴫ‬n. pl. ‫ﹶﻨﺎﴏ‬ ingredient; race, ethnicity; member, agent;

776

‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺣ ﹶﺴﻦ‬elat. better/best ‫ ﻣﺎ‬..‫ﺳﺄﻋﻤﻞ ﻟﻚ ﺑﻴﺘﺴﺎ ﺃﺣﺴﻦ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻄﻌﻢ ﻣﺎﺋﺔ ﻣﺮﺓ‬ ‫ — ﺭﺃﻳﻚ؟‬I will make a pizza for you that is

(pl.) individuals

‫ﺇﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻫﻢ ﻋﻨﺎﴏ ﻧﺠﺎﺡ ﺧﻄﺘﻨﺎ ﻫﻮ ﺃﻥ ﻧﻘﻄﻊ ﺻﻠﺘﻨﺎ‬ ‫ — ﳖﺎﺋﻴﺎ ﻣﻊ ﺻﺪﻳﻘﻨﺎ ﺃﲪﺪ‬Among the most important elements in the success of our plan

one hundred times better than the restaurant

is that we cut off contact, finally, with our friend

(one)...What do you think?

Ahmad

96 | 4942 |

86 | 5500 |

777

‫ ﹺﻣ ﹶﻠ ﹼ‬and ‫ﻒ‬ ‫ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻠ ﹼ‬n. pl. -aat file, folder; dossier; ‫ﻒ‬

(computer) document, file

783

‫ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﻟﻨﺎ ﺃﻥ ﻧﻨﻘﻞ ﺍﳌﻠﻒ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻜﻤﺒﻴﻮﺗﺮ‬ ‫ — ﺑﻮﺍﺳﻄﺔ ﻛﺎﺑﻞ ﺧﺎﺹ‬We can transfer the file after that to the computer by means of a special cable

the bride, as happens on these occasions, is

84 | 5643 |

778

‫ ﹶﺣ ﹾﺠﻢ‬n. volume, size ‫ﻣﺎ ﺯﺍﻝ ﻣﺸﺪﻭﻫﺎ ﳛﺪﻕ ﺑﺎﻟﻐﺮﻳﺐ ﻓﻬﻮ ﱂ ﻳﺮ ﺭﺟﻼ ﲠﺬﺍ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳊﺠﻢ ﺍﺑﺪﺍ‬He was still amazed, staring at the stranger, since he had never seen a man of that

speaking about his daughter with love and admiration 99 | 4785 |

784

‫ ﻭﻭﺟﻬﺖ ﻭﺟﻬﻰ ﺇﻟﻴﻚ‬،‫— ﺍﻟﻠﻬﻢ ﺃﺳﻠﻤﺖ ﻧﻔﺴﻰ ﺇﻟﻴﻚ‬

89 | 5334 |

‫ ﹶﺷ ﹾﺮﻁ‬n. pl. ‫ﴍﻭﻁ‬ ‫ ﹸ ﹸ‬precondition, stipulation ‫ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﴍﻁ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻤﺤﻮ ﺃﻣﻴﺘﻪ ﻗﺒﻞ‬،‫ﺣﲔ ﺗﻢ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻨﻪ‬ ‫ — ﻣﺮﻭﺭ ﻋﺎﻡ‬When he was appointed, there was a condition that he become literate within a year 98 | 4834 |

780

‫ ﺍﻟ ﱣﻠ ﹸﻬ ﱠﻢ‬interj. oh God! dear God!; ‫ ﺍﻟ ﱣﻠ ﹸﻬ ﱠﻢ ﺇﹺ ﹼﻻ‬apart

from (the fact that)

size before

779

‫ﻨﺎﺳ ﹶﺒﺔ‬ ‫ ﹸﻣ ﹶ‬n. pl. -aat occasion, opportunity; ‫ﻨﺎﺳﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ ﹸﻣ ﹶ‬special occasions (feasts, holidays); ‫ﻨﺎﺳ ﹶﺒﺔ‬ ‫ ﺑﹺﺎ ﹸﳌ ﹶ‬incidentally, by the way ،‫ ﻛﲈ ﳛﺪﺙ ﰱ ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﳌﻨﺎﺳﺒﺎﺕ‬،‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﺪ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﻭﺱ‬ ‫ — ﻳﺘﺤﺪﺙ ﻋﻦ ﺍﺑﻨﺘﻪ ﺑﺤﺐ ﻭﺇﻋﺠﺎﺏ‬The father of

God, I submit myself to you, and turn my face toward you 87 | 5404 | +for

785

‫( ﹴ‬def. ‫ﻏﺎﱄ‬ ‫ ) ﹺ‬adj. expensive, costly; dear, ‫ﻏﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ precious, beloved; ‫ ﻏﺎﻟﻴ ﹰﺎ‬dearly; (Gul.) ‫ﻳﺎ ﻏﺎﱄ‬ buddy, pal; ‫ ﻳﺎ ﻏﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬darling, love ‫ ﰲ ﳎﻬﻮﺩ‬،‫ﻛﻢ ﺳﺘﻄﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﺘﻀﺤﻴﺔ ﺑﺎﻷﺭﻭﺍﺡ ﺍﻟﻐﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﺷﻞ ﻟﻔﺮﺽ ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ ﻛﺒﲑﺓ ﻭﺑﺎﻫﻈﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﻤﻦ ﻋﲆ‬ ‫— ﺍﳉﲈﻫﲑ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﱂ ﺗﻄﻠﺒﻬﺎ ﻭﱂ ﺗﺮﺩﻫﺎ؟‬

‫ ﹶﺷﻜ ﹶﱠﻞ‬v. II to constitute, form, compose sth ‫ ﻭﺍﻟﻴﺎﺑﺴﺔ ﻟﻴﺴﺖ‬..‫ﺍﳌﺎﺀ ﻳﺸﻜﻞ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺛﻠﺜﻲ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ‬ ‫ — ﺳﻮ￯ ﺟﺰﻳﺮﺓ ﺗﺸﻜﻞ ﺍﻟﺜﻠﺚ ﻓﻘﻂ ﺍﻭ ﺃﻗﻞ‬Water makes

How long do we have to sacrifice costly

up over two thirds of the earth. Dry land is

extremely costly administration on the Arab

lives in a failed effort to impose a big and

80

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

masses who did not request it and don’t

788

want it? 98 | 4811 | +for

786

will never recognize the results of the

‫ ﹶﺻﺪﹾ ﺭ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﺻﺪﹸ ﻭﺭ‬chest; bosom ‫— ﲢﺴﺴﺖ ﺻﺪﺭﻫﺎ ﻓﻮﺟﺪﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﻮﺩ ﲢﺖ ﺛﻴﺎﲠﺎ‬

Palestinian elections if Hamas achieves a notable victory

She felt her breast and found the money under

86 | 5387 |

her clothes 789

96 | 4847 |

787

‫ ﹶﻓ ﹾﻮﺯ‬n. victory ‫ﺗﻞ ﺃﺑﻴﺐ ﻟﻦ ﺗﻌﱰﻑ ﺑﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ ﺍﻻﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﻠﺴﻄﻴﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺇﺫﺍ ﺣﻘﻘﺖ ﲪﺎﺱ ﻓﻮﺯﺍ ﻣﻠﺤﻮﻇﺎ‬Tel Aviv

‫ ﹶﺳ ﹶﻤ ﹶﺢ‬v. I (a) to allow, permit ‫ ﻝ‬sb (to do sth); ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﺳﻤﺢ ﱄ‬ ‫ ﺍ ﹶ‬excuse me (allow me); ‫ﹶﻟ ﹾﻮ ﹶﺳ ﹶﻤ ﹾﺤﺖ‬

‫ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻌﺪﹸ‬adv. afterward, later; still; (not) yet; ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹼﻣﺎ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻌﺪﹸ‬approx. and now, to our main

point (the reason for this speech, letter, etc.)

‫ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺳﻤﻴﺖ ﻓﻴﲈ ﺑﻌﺪ‬،‫ﺗﻢ ﺇﻧﺸﺎﺀ ﺍﳉﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﻠﺒﻨﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﱂ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳉﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﻠﺒﻨﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﻴﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﱂ‬The World

please (if you don’t mind)

‫ﻃﻠﺒﺖ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻣﻬﺎ ﺃﻥ ﺗﺴﻤﺢ ﳍﺎ ﺑﺪﺭﺍﺳﺔ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻧﺴﻴﺔ ﰱ‬ ‫ — ﻣﺪﺍﺭﺱ ﺑﺮﻟﻴﺘﺰ ﺑﺸﺎﺭﻉ ﺳﻌﺪ ﺯﻏﻠﻮﻝ‬She asked her

Lebanese University was established, which was

mother to permit her to study French in the

called thereafter The World Lebanese Cultural

Berlitz school on Saad Zaghloul Street

Union

99 | 4704 |

72 | 6475 |

11 Weather 667 978 1219 1235 1370 1380 1447 1468 1492 1722 1856 1943 2242 2298

2355 2459 2525 2553 2575 2599

‫ﺟﻮ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺳﻢ‬ ‫ﻫﻮﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﺢ‬ ‫ﺣﺮﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺟﺒﻬﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺮ‬ ‫ﺟﻮ ﹼﻱ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺷﺘﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻓﺼﻞ‬ ‫ﺭﺑﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﺻﺐ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺧﻦ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﺻﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺥ‬ ‫ﻫﺐ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺳﺤﺎﺏ‬

air; weather,

2657

climate season

2702

air

2997

wind temperature,

3102

heat

3237

cold

3500

front

3558

rain

3587

air (adj)

3641

winter

‫ﻃﻘﺲ‬ ‫ﺯﻟﺰﺍﻝ‬ ‫ﻫﺪﺃ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻓﺊ‬ ‫ﺣﺮ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺛﻠﺞ‬ ‫ﺟﻔﺎﻑ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻑ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻃﺎ ﹴﻍ‬

weather,

4520

climate

4548

earthquake

4658

to subside

4791

(storm)

5152

warm

5386

heat

5543

snow; ice

5544

drought

5590

dry

5928

oppressive

6024

(also tyrant)

6243

warmth

6368

to be stormy

6807

moderate

6818

to track,

6940

to fall (rain,

monitor

6970

snow) (also

(weather)

6974

season

3667

(also section)

3841

spring

3863

cold

3910

to pour)

4018

hot

4035

hot

4041

storm

4170

climate

4362

to blow

4392

(wind)

4465

clouds

4485

‫ﺩﻑﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﺼﻒ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺘﺪﻝ‬ ‫ﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﻏﻤﺮﺓ‬ ￯‫ﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺣﺮﺍﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻧﺴﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺗﻜﺜﻴﻒ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻕ‬ ‫ﺿﺒﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺟﻒ‬ ‫ﹼ‬

flood dew

7081

thermal

7082

breeze

7147

condensation

7177

lightning

7345

fog; vapor

7625

to become dry

‫ﻓﻴﺾ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺟﻠﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺭﻃﻮﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻃﻮﻓﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺐ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺧﻲ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻧﺴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﻄﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﺻﻒ‬ ‫ﺷﺘﻮﻱ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺭﻋﺪ‬ ‫ﺭ ﹼﻳﺢ‬ ‫ﺳﺨﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺷﺘﹼﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻫ ﹼﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺳﻘﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺳﻤﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﺻﺒﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﳏﻞ‬

flood cloud ice humidity typhoon wind direction weather-related breeze downpour hot tempestuous wintry thunder windy hot, warm cold to rain continuous rain breeze, gust cold hot wind east wind hail, hailstone drought

Frequency index

790

‫ ﹺﺳ ﹾﺠﻦ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﺳ ﹸﺠﻮﻥ‬prison ‫ ﻭﺣﻮﻛﻢ ﻭﻗﴣ ﰱ ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻦ‬،‫ﻗﺒﺾ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻋﺪﺓ ﻣﺮﺍﺕ‬ ‫— ﻓﱰﺍﺕ ﳐﺘﻠﻔﺔ ﻭﺻﻠﺖ ﺇﺣﺪﺍﻫﺎ ﺇﱃ ﺳﺘﺔ ﺃﺷﻬﺮ ﻛﺎﻣﻠﺔ‬

796

He was arrested several times, and he was

‫ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻨﻮﻉ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻘﺼﺎﺋﺪ ﻻ ﻳﺼﻠﺢ ﻟﻠﻨﴩ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﰊ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺼﻐﲑ‬This type of ode is not appropriate

found guilty and he spent various periods in

for publication in “The Young Arab”

prison, one of which reached a full six-months

87 | 5291 |

797

‫ ﹶﻓﺘﺎﺓ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﻓﺘﹶﻴﺎﺕ‬young woman, girl ‫ﻻ ﻳﺴﺘﻄﻴﻊ ﺃﺣﺪ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻌﺮﻑ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺎﺓ ﻧﺎﻣﺖ ﺃﻡ ﱂ‬ ‫ ﺇﳖﺎ ﺃﺷﻴﺎﺀ ﺑﻌﻴﺪﺓ ﻋﻦ ﺇﺩﺭﺍﻛﻨﺎ‬..‫ — ﺗﻨﻢ‬No one can

‫ﻫﻨﺎﻟﻚ ﴐﻭﺭﺓ ﻻﻋﻄﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺼﻨﺎﻋﺔ ﺍﳌﺤﻠﻴﺔ ﺣﻘﻬﺎ ﰲ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﻋﲆ ﺃﺳﺲ ﻋﺎﺩﻟﺔ‬There is a need to give local industry its due in trading, on fair

these are things that are far from our

principles

understanding

87 | 5316 |

89 | 5229 |

798

‫ ﹼ ﹺﴎ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﴎﺍﺭ‬secret; ‫ ﹼﹺﴎ ﹰﺍ‬secretly, privately; ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﴪ‬ ‫ﱢﹼ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺗﺐ ﹼ ﱢ‬/‫ ﺃﻣﲔ‬secretary; ‫ﺍﻟﴪ ﺍ ﹸﳌ ﹶﻘﺪﱠ ﺱ‬

at any time

‫ ﻟﻜﻦ ﻳﺒﻘﻰ ﴎﺍ‬..‫ﻻ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻟﻸﴎﺍﺭ ﺑﲔ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻷﺧﻮﻳﺔ‬ ‫ ﺃﻋﺪﻙ ﺑﺬﻟﻚ‬،‫ — ﺑﻴﻨﻨﺎ‬There are no secrets among the family of the brotherhood...but it will remain a secret between us, I promise you

89 | 5186 |

799

that 99 | 4699 |

enemies? 88 | 5189 |

liberals; independents

800

— Lebanon is not a file, Lebanon is an

89 | 5118 |

which Syria must deal with on this basis

794

‫ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻠ ﹶ‬v. I (i) to own, possess sth; to control sth ‫ﻚ‬ ‫— ﻣﻼﻳﲔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﻳﻤﻠﻜﻮﻥ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻨﻮﻉ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬ Millions of people own this type of car

independent, free state, with sovereignty, 99 | 4684 |

‫ ﹶﻋﺪﹸ ﹼﻭ‬n./adj. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃﻋﹾﺪﺍﺀ‬enemy ‫ﻣﻦ ﻳﺘﺨﲆ ﻋﻦ ﺑﻼﺩﻩ ﰱ ﳏﻨﺘﻬﺎ ﻭﻳﻀﻊ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ ﰱ ﺧﺪﻣﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻷﻋﺪﺍﺀ؟‬Who abandons his country during its trial and puts himself in the service of the

‫ ﹸﺣ ﹼﺮ‬adj. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺣﺮﺍﺭ‬free, independent; n. ‫ﺃﺣﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﹾ‬ ‫ ﺇﻥ ﻟﺒﻨﺎﻥ ﺩﻭﻟﺔ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻠﺔ ﺣﺮﺓ ﺫﺍﺕ‬،‫ﺇﻥ ﻟﺒﻨﺎﻥ ﻟﻴﺲ ﻣﻠﻔﺎ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺩﺓ ﳚﺐ ﺃﻥ ﺗﺘﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﺳﻮﺭﻳﺎ ﻣﻌﻬﺎ ﻋﲆ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻷﺳﺎﺱ‬

‫ ﹺﻗ ﱠﻤﺔ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹺﻗ ﹶﻤﻢ‬summit ‫ ﻗﺪ ﻳﺘﻢ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ￯ ﻭﺯﻳﺮﺍ‬..‫ﺃﻧﺎ ﺍﻵﻥ ﰲ ﻗﻤﺔ ﺣﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ — ﰱ ﺃ￯ ﻭﻗﺖ‬I am now at the peak of my working life...I might be chosen as a minister

sacrament

793

‫ ﹺﺻﻨﺎ ﹶﻋﺔ‬n. manufacture, industry; pl. -aat trade, craft

know whether that girl went to sleep or not...

792

‫ ﻧ ﹾﹶﴩ‬n. spreading, propagation; publication, announcement

88 | 5246 |

791

81

801

‫ ﹺ‬n. pl. ‫ﹶﻮﺍﺡ‬ ‫ )ﻧ ﹺ‬side, perspective, ‫( ﻧ ﹴ‬def. ‫ﹶﻮﺍﺣﻲ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﺣ ﹶﻴﺔ‬

aspect; area, region

‫ ﹶﻣ ﹾﺴ ﹸﺆﻭﻟﹺ ﱠﻴﺔ‬and ‫ ﹶﻣ ﹾﺴﺌﹸﻮﻟﹺ ﱠﻴﺔ‬n. pl. -aat responsibility,

‫ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺣﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﻴﺔ ﻣﺎ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻮﺿﻊ ﺍﻷﻣﻨﻲ ﻣﻌﺮﻭﻑ ﻃﺒﻌﺎ‬ ‫— ﻫﻲ ﻣﺼﺎﺩﺭ ﻗﻠﻘﻚ ﺃﻧﺖ ﻛﻤﺮﺍﻗﺐ ﻟﻠﻮﺿﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺍﻗﻲ؟‬

duty

‫ﻛﻨﺖ ﺍﻃﻤﺌﻨﻪ ﻭﺃﺧﱪﻩ ﺃﻥ ﺍﳌﺴﺆﻭﻟﻴﺔ ﻟﻴﺴﺖ ﻛﺎﻣﻠﺔ ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ — ﻋﺎﺗﻘﻪ‬I reassured him and informed him

The security situation is known, of course; from

that the responsibility was not all on his

your worry as an observer of the Iraqi situation?

the political standpoint what are the sources of

shoulders

98 | 4693 |

93 | 4941 |

795

‫ ﹶﻣﻦ‬interrog. who, whom; ‫ ﺍﳌﻦ‬/’il-man/

802

‫ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻄ ﹸﻠﻮﺏ‬adj. wanted, needed; demanded, required, necessary

(Irq.Gul.) interrog. to/for whom; whose

‫ — ﻫﻞ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﲔ ﻣﻦ ﻫﻮ ﺻﻔﻮﺕ ﺷﺎﻛﺮ؟‬Do you know

‫ﺑﻌﺪ ﺃﻥ ﺩﻓﻊ ﺃﻫﻠﻪ ﺍﻟﺮﺷﻮﺓ ﺍﳌﻄﻠﻮﺑﺔ ﺃﻃﻠﻖ ﴎﺍﺡ ﻃﻔﻠﻬﻢ‬ ‫ — ﺑﻌﺪ ﻳﻮﻣﲔ‬After his family paid the required

who Safwat Shakir is?

bribes, their child was released after two days

88 | 5271 |

97 | 4730 |

82

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

803

‫ ﺍﹺ ﹾﺳﺘﹺ ﹾﺜﲈﺭ‬vn. investing; n. pl. -aat investment ‫ﻭﺿﻌﻨﺎ ﴍﻭﻃﺎ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﺓ ﻟﻼﺳﺘﺜﲈﺭ ﰲ ﺳﻮﺭﻳﺎ ﱂ ﺗﻜﻦ‬ ‫ — ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩﺓ ﺳﺎﺑﻘﺎ‬We laid down new conditions

810

the Emirates to visit my sister

for investment in Syria which were not there

92 | 4969 |

before 76 | 6008 |

804

811

‫ ﺗ ﹶﹶﻮ ﱠﻗ ﹶﻊ‬v. V to expect, anticipate sth; to look

‫ ﻭﺃ￯ ﺧﻄﺄ ﻣﻦ ﻧﺎﺣﻴﺘﻨﺎ ﻳﻌﻤﻞ ﻣﺼﻴﺒﺔ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻮﻗﺖ ﺃﻣﺎﻣﻨﺎ ﺿﻴﻖ‬ — The time available to us is limited, and any

‫ﺍﺳﺘﻐﺮﺏ ﻷﻥ ﺯﻭﺟﺘﻪ ﱂ ﲣﱪﻩ ﺑﺄﳖﺎ ﺗﺘﻮﻗﻊ ﺃﺣﺪﺍ ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻌﺸﺎﺀ‬He was amazed because his wife had

error on our part would create a catastrophe 95 | 4767 |

not told him that she expected anyone for 812

98 | 4678 |

805

‫— ﻛﺎﻥ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺣﺮﺍﺱ ﻗﺪﻣﻮﺍ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺴﻜﺮﻳﺔ‬ There were guards who saluted the soldiers

psychology

87 | 5215 | +for

‫ ﺃﻟﻴﺲ ﻛﺬﻟﻚ؟‬،‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺲ ﺗﺘﻌﻠﻖ ﺑﺎﳌﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺗﻄﺮﺩ ﻣﻨﻪ‬ driven out of, isn’t that true?

813

‫ﺗﺰﻭﺝ ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻲ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﻳﻢ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ — ﻋﺮﺑﻴﺎﺕ ﻭﻏﲑ ﻋﺮﺑﻴﺎﺕ‬The noble Prophet,

‫ ﺍﹺ ﹾﺳﺘﹺ ﹾﻤﺮﺍﺭ‬n. continuation, continuity; ‫ﺎﺳﺘﹺ ﹾﻤﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﹺ ﹾ‬

peace be upon him, married Arab and

constantly

non-Arab women

‫ﺃﻛﺪ ﺃﻥ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﻣﺘﺪﺍﺩ ﻭﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭ ﻟﻠﻨﻬﺞ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻜﺘﺎﺗﻮﺭﻱ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﺘﺒﻌﻪ ﺍﻟﻨﻈﺎﻡ ﺍﳊﺎﻛﻢ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺒﻼﺩ‬He stressed that this decision was an extension and continuation of the dictatorial program which

96 | 4728 |

814

the ruling regime was following in the country 95 | 4816 |

807

‫ ﻣ ﹺ‬adj. suitable, appropriate ‫ﻨﺎﺳﺐ‬ ‫ﹸ‬ ‫ﻫﻞ ﺍﺗﺼﻠﺖ ﺑﻚ ﰱ ﻭﻗﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ؟ ﻻ ﺃﺭﻳﺪ ﺃﻥ ﺃﻋﻄﻠﻚ‬ ‫ — ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬Did I call you at an appropriate

free the Bahraini people from the traditional bonds 85 | 5334 |

98 | 4681 |

the percentage of success? – About fifty percent

‫ ﹶﻣﺘﹶﻰ‬interrog. when ‫ ﻻ ﺃﻋﺮﻑ ﻣﺘﻰ ﲣﺮﺟﺎﻥ‬..‫ﻻ ﺃﺭ￯ ﺃﻳﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﻨﺘﲔ‬ ‫ ﺇﳖﲈ ﺗﺘﺴﻠﻼﻥ ﺑﻼ ﺻﻮﺕ ﻓﻴﲈ‬..‫ﰱ ﺍﻟﺼﺒﺎﺡ‬ ‫ — ﻳﺒﺪﻭ‬I don’t see either of the two girls...

96 | 4772 |

I don’t know when they go out in the

‫( ﹶﺣ ﹶ‬Dia. ‫ﻮﺍﱄ‬ ‫ ) ﹶﺣ ﹺ‬prep. ‫ ﹶﺣﻮﺍ ﹶﻟ ﹾﻲ‬and ‫ﻮﺍﱃ‬

815

approximately, around, about

‫ ﺣﻮﺍﱃ ﲬﺴﲔ ﰱ ﺍﳌﺎﺋﺔ‬- ‫ — ﻛﻢ ﻧﺴﺒﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﺠﺎﺡ؟‬What is

809

‫ ﹶﺗ ﹶﻄ ﱡﻮﺭ‬n. pl. -aat progress, development, ‫ ﹶﺗ ﹶ‬events, developments growth; ‫ﻄ ﱡﻮﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ ﺑﻄﺒﻴﻌﺔ ﺍﳊﺎﻝ ﻳﺴﺘﺪﻋﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﻄﻮﺭ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﳼ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻤﻘﺮﺍﻃﻲ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺟﻞ ﲢﺮﻳﺮ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺐ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺮﻳﻨﻲ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻮﺩ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴﺪﻳﺔ‬This, naturally, requires democratic political development in order to

time? I don’t want to delay you at work

808

‫ ﹶﻧﺒﹺ ﹼﻲ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃﻧﹾﺒﹺﻴﺎﺀ‬prophet; ‫ ﺍﻟﻨﱠﺒﹺ ﹼﻲ‬the Prophet Muhammad

95 | 4822 |

806

‫ ﹶ ﹺﲢ ﱠﻴﺔ‬n. pl. -aat, ‫ ﹶﲢﺎﻳﺎ‬greeting, salute, salutation

‫ ﹶﻧ ﹾﻔﺲ‬fem.n. pl. ‫ ﹸﻧ ﹸﻔﻮﺱ‬soul, spirit; ‫ﹺﻋ ﹾﻠﻢ ﺍﻟﻨﱠ ﹾﻔﺲ‬

— The soul becomes attached to the place it is

‫ ﹶﺧ ﹶﻄﺄ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺧﻄﺎﺀ‬mistake, blunder, error; adj. (invar.) wrong, mistaken

forward to sth

dinner

‫ﻣﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ ﺇﹺ ﹶ‬n. pl. -aat Emirate ‫ — ﺳﺎﻓﺮﺕ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻹﻣﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻟﺰﻳﺎﺭﺓ ﺃﺧﺘﻲ‬I traveled to

morning...They creep out without a sound,

‫ ﹶﺣ ﹶﴬ‬v. I (u) to come, show up; to attend, be

as it appears

present at (meeting, party, concert); to view

86 | 5240 |

(film, TV show)

‫ﺫﻳﺎﺏ ﱂ ﳛﴬ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻔﻨﺪﻕ ﻣﻨﺬ ﺷﻬﺮﻳﻦ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺒﺎ ﻭﻟﻌﻠﻪ ﻟﻦ‬ ‫ — ﻳﻌﻮﺩ‬Diyab has not come to the hotel for about two months; and maybe he will not return 99 | 4598 |

816

‫ ﺇﹺﺻﺎ ﹶﺑﺔ‬n. affliction, illness; pl. -aat casualty, injury; pl. -aat point, score, goal

‫ ﺑﲔ ﺍﻟﺘﺪﺧﲔ‬١٩٩١ ‫ﺭﺑﻄﺖ ﺩﺭﺍﺳﺔ ﺃﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴﺔ ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫— ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﳊﻤﻞ ﻭﺇﺻﺎﺑﺔ ﺍﻷﻭﻻﺩ ﺑﺎﻟﴪﻃﺎﻥ‬

Frequency index

83

this hospice is to help patients who can’t be

An American study in the year 1991 linked smoking before pregnancy and children

cured, who are awaiting death

getting cancer

98 | 4575 |

85 | 5301 |

817

‫ ﹶﻓ ﹼﻦ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﻓﻨﹸﻮﻥ‬art; specialty; type, variety ‫ﺃﻣﺎ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻢ ﻋﲆ ﻃﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﻦ ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺚ ﻓﺄﻧﺎ ﺑﴫﺍﺣﺔ ﻻ‬ ‫ — ﺃﻓﻬﻤﻪ‬As for drawing in the way of modern

823

‫ ﹸﻣ ﹾﺸﺘ ﹶﹶﺮﻙ‬adj. shared, common, joint, collective ‫ﻃﻠﺒﺖ ﻣﻨﺎ ﺧﺎﻟﺘﻲ ﺃﻥ ﻧﺄﰐ ﺑﺎﳌﺎﺀ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳊﻨﻔﻴﺔ ﺍﳌﺸﱰﻛﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺃﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺧﺼﻴﺼﺎ ﻭﺳﻂ ﺍﳌﺨﻴﲈﺕ‬My aunt asked us to bring water from the shared faucet

art, I frankly don’t understand it

that was especially set up in the middle of the

93 | 4834 |

camp 92 | 4868 |

818

‫ ﹶﻗﺘﹾﻞ‬n. murder, killing ‫ ﻻ ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﻗﺘﻠﻪ‬..‫— ﺭﻭﻣﻴﻞ ﻻ ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﻫﺰﻳﻤﺘﻪ‬

824

Rommel cannot be defeated...he cannot be killed

‫ ﹸﺟ ﹾﻤ ﹸﻬ ﹺ‬n. republic ‫ﻮﺭ ﱠﻳﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺗﻌﺮﺽ ﺭﺋﻴﺲ ﺍﳉﻤﻬﻮﺭﻳﺔ ﳌﺤﺎﻭﻟﺔ ﺍﻏﺘﻴﺎﻝ‬The president of the republic was exposed to an

94 | 4789 |

assassination attempt 83 | 5372 |

819

‫ﺳﺎﺭ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬v. I (i) to move, march; (Gul.) to go, walk

‫ ﺑﺎﻟﺮﻏﻢ ﻣﻦ‬،‫ﺍﻷﻣﻮﺭ ﺗﺴﲑ ﻧﺤﻮ ﺍﻷﻓﻀﻞ ﺩﺍﺋﲈ‬ ‫ — ﺃﻧﻨﺎ ﻧﻌﻴﺪ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻑ ﺍﻟﻌﺠﻠﺔ‬Things are getting

825

‫ ﹺ‬adj. wide, broad, extensive, widespread ‫ﻭﺍﺳﻊ‬ ‫— ﻇﻠﺖ ﻫﻰ ﰱ ﺍﻟﺸﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﺳﻌﺔ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﻮﻟﺪ‬ She remained in the wide apartment

better always, despite the fact that we keep

with the child

reinventing the wheel

98 | 4568 |

97 | 4666 | +spo

820

‫ ﹸﻣ ﹺﻬ ﱠﻤﺔ‬and ‫ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻬ ﱠﻤﺔ‬n. pl. -aat, ‫ ﹶﻣﻬﺎ ﹼﻡ‬task, assignment, mission; ‫ ﹸﻣ ﹺﻬ ﹼﲈﺕ‬equipment,

826

material, supplies

that she is very day-dreamy, and that, along

‫ﺃﻣﺎ ﺻﺎﻟﺢ ﻓﺴﺘﻜﻮﻥ ﻣﻬﻤﺘﻪ ﻣﺘﺎﺑﻌﺔ ﺍﻷﺳﺘﺎﺫ ﻋﺎﺩﻝ‬ ‫ ﻭﲢﲔ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﺻﺔ ﳌﺤﺎﺩﺛﺘﻪ‬،‫ — ﺍﳌﺤﺎﺳﺐ‬As for

with her high level of sensitivity, could cause her problems in life

Salih, his duty will be to follow Prof Adil, the

71 | 6304 |

accountant, and to wait for an opportunity to talk to him

827

91 | 4947 |

821

‫ ﹸﺣﺰﹾﻥ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺣﺰﺍﻥ‬sadness, grief, sorrow,

sleeping pill, and he is no longer able to

‫ ﺳﻜﻦ ﺍﳊﺰﻥ‬،‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﺭﺷﺪ￯ ﺷﺎﺣﺒﺎ ﺷﺤﻮﺏ ﺍﳌﻮﺕ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻴﻖ ﻋﻴﻨﻴﻪ ﻭﺗﺮﻙ ﺫﻗﻨﻪ ﻟﻜﻨﻬﺎ ﱂ ﺗﻄﻞ ﻛﺜﲑﺍ‬Rushdi

do anything, neither at night nor during the day

was pale as death; a deep sadness was in his

99 | 4522 |

eyes, and he let his beard grow, but it didn’t get 89 | 5054 | +lit +for

822

‫ ﹶﻣ ﹺﺮﻳﺾ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﻣ ﹾﺮ ﹶﴇ‬patient, sick person; adj. ill, sick

‫ﻣﻬﻤﺔ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳌﺼﺤﺔ ﺃﻥ ﺗﺴﺎﻋﺪ ﺍﳌﺮﴇ ﺍﳌﻴﺌﻮﺱ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻳﻨﺘﻈﺮﻭﻥ ﺍﳌﻮﺕ‬..‫ — ﺷﻔﺎﺋﻬﻢ‬The mission of

‫ ﹺ‬adj. pl. -uun capable, able ‫ﻗﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ ﻭﱂ ﻳﻌﺪ‬،‫ﱂ ﻳﻌﺪ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﻄﺎﻋﺘﻪ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻨﺎﻡ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﻣﻨﻮﻡ‬ ‫ ﻻ ﺑﺎﻟﻠﻴﻞ ﻭﻻ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﻬﺎﺭ‬،‫— ﻗﺎﺩﺭﺍ ﻋﲆ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺃ￯ ﳾﺀ‬ He is no longer able to sleep without a

anguish

very long

‫ ﺩﻩ‬and ‫ ﺩﺍ‬/da/ (Egy.) dem.pron. this (masc.sg.) ‫ﺣﺎﺳﺔ ﺑﺮﺿﻪ ﺇﳖﺎ ﺣﺎﳌﺔ ﺟﺪﺍ ﻭﺩﻩ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻻﺣﺴﺎﺱ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﱄ‬ ‫ — ﺑﺘﺎﻋﻬﺎ ﳑﻜﻦ ﻳﺴﺒﺐ ﳍﺎ ﻣﺸﺎﻛﻞ ﰲ ﺍﳊﻴﺎﺓ‬I also feel

828

‫ ﺣﺎﻛﹺﻢ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﺣﻜﹼﺎﻡ‬ruler, governor; adj. ruling, in power

‫ﻧﺤﻦ ﻻ ﻧﺮﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﻫﺆﻻﺀ ﺍﳊﻜﺎﻡ ﺷﻴﺌﺎ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ — ﻳﱰﻛﻮﻧﺎ ﻧﻌﻴﺶ ﰲ ﻭﻃﻨﻨﺎ‬We don’t want anything from those rulers more than to let us live in our homeland 96 | 4646 |

84

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

829

‫ ﺗ ﹾﹶﺮﺑﹺ ﹶﻴﺔ‬n. education, pedagogy; raising,

835

(lit.: may God give you good health) well

child-rearing; breeding

‫— ﻗﺪ ﻋﻤﻠﻨﺎ ﻣﺎ ﺑﻮﺳﻌﻨﺎ ﻟﻨﻮﻓﺮ ﳍﺎ ﺃﺣﺴﻦ ﺗﺮﺑﻴﺔ‬

done! nice job!

the best education

‫ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﻻﻧﺘﻬﺎﺀ ﻣﻦ ﻋﻤﻠﻪ ﻳﺸﻜﺮﻭﻧﻪ ﺏ »ﺍﷲ ﻳﻌﻄﻴﻚ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫ — »ﻳﺎ ﻣﻌﻠﻢ‬At the end of his work, they thank

94 | 4731 |

him with “God give you health, teacher”

We did what we could to provide her with

830

‫ ﹶﺟ ﹶﺒﻞ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹺﺟﺒﺎﻝ‬mountain ‫ﺑﺪﺃ ﺍﳉﻠﻴﺪ ﻳﺬﻭﺏ ﻣﻦ ﻓﻮﻕ ﺍﳉﺒﺎﻝ ﻭﺍﻧﺪﺍﺡ ﺍﻟﻀﺒﺎﺏ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ — ﻓﻮﻕ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ‬The snow on top of the

83 | 5312 | +for +spo

836

spread out over the earth

commercial partnership with China

99 | 4501 |

91 | 4819 |

‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻃ ﹶﻠ ﹶﻖ‬v. IV to let go, let out sth; to release, set free ‫ ﹶﴎﺍﺡ‬sb; to fire, shoot ‫ﺍﻟﺮﺻﺎﺹ ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ ﱠ‬/‫ ﺍﻟﻨﹼﺎﺭ‬at sb; to call ‫ ﻋﲆ‬sth/sb (‫ ﺏ‬a name) ‫ﺃﻃﻠﻖ ﻓﺮﻧﺎﻧﺪﻭ ﺿﺤﻜﺔ ﻋﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﺣﺘﻀﻨﻬﺎ ﺑﻘﻮﺓ ﻭﺭﻓﻌﻬﺎ‬ ‫ — ﻣﻦ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ‬Fernando let out a loud laugh

837

the ground 89 | 4988 |

that perhaps he could calm his nerves 94 | 4667 |

838

‫ﺍﺳﺘﻤﻌﺖ ﺧﻼﻝ ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﻷﺳﺎﺑﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﻴﻠﺔ ﻟﻌﺪﺩ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﻏﺎﲏ‬ ‫— ﺍﳊﺰﻳﻨﺔ ﻳﻔﻮﻕ ﻣﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﻌﺖ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﻃﻮﺍﻝ ﺣﻴﺎﲥﺎ‬

hearing

During those few weeks she listened to

‫ﳎﻠﺲ ﺍﻟﻨﻮﺍﺏ ﺍﻷﺭﺩﲏ ﺃﻗﺮ ﻣﴩﻭﻉ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﻣﻨﻊ ﺍﻹﺭﻫﺎﺏ‬ ‫— ﺑﻌﺪ ﺟﻠﺴﺔ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺕ ﺛﻼﺙ ﺳﺎﻋﺎﺕ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺎﺵ‬

a number of sad songs, more of them than she had listened to her whole life

The Jordanian Parliament passed a bill outlawing

95 | 4645 |

terrorism following a debate session that lasted 95 | 4691 |

833

839

‫ ﹶﺣ ﹼﻲ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺣﻴﺎﺀ‬quarter, district ‫ﻳﻄﻠﻌﻨﺎ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺗﺐ ﻋﲆ ﳎﻤﻮﻋﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﻨﺎﺋﺲ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﲢﻮﳞﺎ ﺣﻲ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻫﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﻳﻤﺔ‬The author informs us about

everything 93 | 4715 |

840

98 | 4532 |

834

‫ ﻛ ﹾﹶﺄﺱ‬and ‫ ﻛﺎﺱ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﻛﺆﹸ ﻭﺱ‬cup; Cup (in prize names)

‫ﳛﺼﻞ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺋﺰ ﺑﺒﻄﻮﻟﺔ ﻛﺄﺱ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﱂ ﻋﲆ ﻛﺄﺱ ﺫﻫﺒﻴﺔ‬

‫ ﹶﻋﺪﱠ‬v. I (u) to count, enumerate sth; to consider, regard sth/sb as; ‫ﻻ ﹸﻳ ﹶﻌﺪﱡ‬

— The team that wins the World Cup championship gets a golden cup

countless

‫ﻋﺪﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻫﻲ ﺍﻹﻧﱰﻧﺖ ﻳﺰﻳﺪ ﻋﲆ ﻣﺎﺋﺘﻲ ﻣﻘﻬﻰ ﰲ‬ ‫ — ﻣﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﻻ ﺗﻌﺪ ﻛﺒﲑﺓ ﺑﻤﻌﺎﻳﲑ ﺍﳌﺴﺎﺣﺔ‬The

‫ﹺ ﹺ‬ ‫ﻴﴘ‬ ‫ ﹶﺭﺋ ﹼ‬adj. main, chief, principal ‫ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻧﻮﺭ ﺍﻟﻘﻤﺮ‬..‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺖ ﻳﻤﻴﻨﺎ ﻧﺤﻮ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺭﻉ ﺍﻟﺮﺋﻴﴘ‬ ‫ — ﻳﴤﺀ ﻛﻞ ﳾﺀ‬He turned right toward the main street; the light of the moon was lighting

the group of churches which are in the Old Cairo neighborhood

‫( ﹶﺃ ﹴ‬def. ‫ﻏﺎﲏ‬ ‫) ﹶﺃ ﹺ‬ßß,‫ﹸﺃﻏﹾﻨﹺﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ ﹸﺃﻏﹾﻨ ﹺ ﹶﻴﺔ‬and ‫ ﹸﺃﻏﹾﻨ ﹺ ﱠﻴﺔ‬n. pl. ‫ﻏﺎﻥ‬

song, melody

‫ ﹶﺟ ﹾﻠ ﹶﺴﺔ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺟ ﹶﻠﺴﺎﺕ‬session, meeting; (court)

three hours

‫ ﺍﻟ ﹸﻘ ﹾﺮﺁﻥ‬n. the Qur]an ‫ﺃﺧﺬ ﻳﻘﺮﺃ ﰱ ﴎﻩ ﺷﻴﺌﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺼﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺴﻮﺭ ﺑﺎﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﻋﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ — ﺗﺮﻳﺢ ﺃﻋﺼﺎﺑﻪ‬He started to read to himself some of the shorter chapters in the Qur)an so

and embraced her strongly and lifted her off

832

‫ ﹺﲡ ﹺ‬adj. commercial, business ‫ﻱ‬ ‫ﺎﺭ ﹼ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻌﻮﺩﻳﺔ ﺗﺘﺠﻪ ﺇﱃ ﴍﺍﻛﺔ ﲡﺎﺭﻳﺔ ﺍﺳﱰﺍﺗﻴﺠﻴﺔ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﺼﲔ‬ — Saudi Arabia is headed for a strategic

mountains started to melt, and the clouds

831

‫ ﻋﺎﻓﹺ ﹶﻴﺔ‬n. good health, vigor; ‫)ﺍﷲ( ﹸﻳ ﹾﻌﻄﹺﻴﻜﹸﻢ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻓﹺ ﹶﻴﺔ‬

93 | 4718 | +for

number of Internet cafés is more than two

‫ ﹸﻣ ﹾﻌ ﹶﻈﻢ‬n. (in idafa) most of, the majority of ‫ﺗﺸﺘﺖ ﺫﻫﻨﻪ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﻭﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺇﻧﻪ ﱂ ﻳﺴﻤﻊ ﻣﻌﻈﻢ ﻣﺎ ﻗﺎﻟﺘﻪ‬

hundred in a city which is not considered large

— His mind was scattered more and more until

in surface area

he did not hear most of what she said

91 | 4879 |

95 | 4617 |

841

Frequency index

842

‫ ﹶﺷ ﹼ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﺷﻜﹸﻮﻙ‬doubt; ‫ ﻻ ﹶﺷ ﱠﻚ‬and ‫ﺑﹺﻼ ﹶﺷ ﹼﻚ‬ ‫ﻚ‬

848

without a doubt

‫— ﺍﻛﺘﻔﻴﺖ ﺑﺮﻓﻊ ﺣﺎﺟﺒﻲ ﻭﻳﺪﻱ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻷﻋﲆ‬ I contented myself with raising my eyebrows

Republic of Tunis, Habib Bourqiba. No doubt

and my hand high

you all know of him

95 | 4577 |

98 | 4487 |

843

‫ ﹶﺭ ﹾﻓﻊ‬n. raising, lifting, elevating; increasing, augmenting, boosting

‫ ﻻ ﺷﻚ‬..‫ ﺍﳊﺒﻴﺐ ﺑﻮﺭﻗﻴﺒﺔ‬..‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﺭﺋﻴﺲ ﲨﻬﻮﺭﻳﺔ ﺗﻮﻧﺲ‬ ‫ — ﺃﻧﻜﻢ ﲨﻴﻌﺎ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻮﻧﻪ‬It was the president of the

‫( ﹶﻟ ﹾﻌﺐ‬also ‫ ﻟﹺ ﹾﻌﺐ‬or ‫ ) ﹶﻟ ﹺﻌﺐ‬vn. playing; n. pl. ‫ﺃ ﹾﻟﻌﺎﺏ‬

85

849

‫ ﹶﺑ ﹺﺴﻴﻂ‬adj. pl. ‫ ﹸﺑ ﹶﺴﻄﺎﺀ‬simple, plain; naive, unsophisticated; easy, uncomplicated;

game, sport

insignificant (amount), trifle, pinch;

‫( ﹶﺑ ﹺﺴﻴ ﹶﻄﺔ‬Lev.) interj. no problem!

‫ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺍﻷﻟﻌﺎﺏ ﺍﻷﻭﳌﺒﻴﺔ ﺃﺑﴫﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﻮﺭ ﰲ ﺩﻭﺭﺓ ﺃﺛﻴﻨﺎ‬ ١٨٩٦ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ‬The Olympic games first saw

no big deal!

the year 1896

‫ ﺯﻳﺘﻮﻥ ﻭﻟﺒﻨﺔ ﻭﺟﺒﻦ‬:‫ﻗﺪﻡ ﻟﻨﺎ ﺍﻟﻄﻌﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﻭﻱ ﺍﻟﺒﺴﻴﻂ‬ ‫ — ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﻱ ﻭﺧﺒﺰ‬He offered us simple

97 | 4501 |

village food: olives, drained yoghurt, cheese,

the light of day in the Athens tournament in

with tea and bread 844

845

‫ ﹶﻗﻨﺎﺓ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﻗﻨﹶﻮﺍﺕ‬canal; channel (broadcasting) ‫ﺃﻭﺿﺢ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺮﻳﺮ ﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﺩﺍﺕ ﻗﻨﺎﺓ ﺍﻟﺴﻮﻳﺲ ﺧﻼﻝ ﺍﻟﻔﱰﺓ‬ ٢١٢١ ‫ﻣﻦ ﻳﻨﺎﻳﺮ ﻭﺣﺘﻰ ﻳﻮﻟﻴﻮ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ ﺍﳊﺎﱄ ﺑﻠﻐﺖ‬ ‫ — ﻣﻠﻴﺎﺭ ﺩﻭﻻﺭ‬The report clarified that the

98 | 4418 |

income from the Suez Canal during the period

‫ ﻋﺎﺋﹺ ﹶﻠﺔ‬n. pl. -aat family, household, clan ‫ﱂ ﺗﺼﺪﻕ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺋﻠﺔ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻛﻞ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺍﻟﻮﻗﺖ ﰱ‬ ‫ — ﺟﻴﺶ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻄﺔ‬The family did not believe

from January to July of the current year reached

that he was all that time in the army of the

2121 billion dollars

Authority

94 | 4655 |

96 | 4514 |

‫ ﺇﹺﻧﹾﺘﺎﺝ‬n. production, output ‫ﺗﻌﺘﺰﻡ ﴍﻛﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻴﺎﺑﺎﻧﻴﺔ »ﻧﻴﺴﺎﻥ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭ« ﺇﻗﺎﻣﺔ‬ ‫ — ﻣﺼﻨﻊ ﻹﻧﺘﺎﺝ ﺳﻴﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺮﻛﺎﺏ ﰲ ﺍﳍﻨﺪ‬The

850

851

‫( ﹺ‬Egy.Lev.Gul.) a.p. knowing (to know); ‫ﻋﺎﺭﻑ‬ (to be) familiar, acquainted (with sb)

Japanese car company Nissan Motors intends to

‫ﻗﻌﺪﺕ ﺃﻓﺘﺶ ﰱ ﺍﳌﻌﺴﻜﺮ ﺇﺯﺍ￯ ﺃﻫﺮﺏ ﻻﻗﻴﺖ؟‬ ‫ — ﻧﻔﺴﻰ ﻣﺶ ﻋﺎﺭﻑ ﺍﻟﴩﻕ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻐﺮﺏ‬I kept

set up a factory to produce passenger cars in

searching in the camp; how could I flee?

India

I found myself not knowing East from

90 | 4817 |

West 77 | 5577 | +spo

846

‫ ﹸﺣ ﹸﺼﻮﻝ‬vn. obtaining, getting, acquiring; occurring, happening

‫ﻫﻞ ﺗﺴﺘﻤﺮﻭﻥ ﺑﺎﳊﺼﻮﻝ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﺡ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﳊﺮﺏ ﻟﺰﻳﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ — ﺗﺮﺳﺎﻧﺘﻜﻢ؟‬Are you continuing to obtain

847

852

‫ ﻣ ﹺ‬mosque ‫ ﹶﻣ ﹾﺴ ﹺ‬n. pl. ‫ﺴﺎﺟﺪ‬ ‫ﺠﺪ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ﺧﻼﻝ ﺷﻬﺮﻳﻦ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻷﻛﺜﺮ ﺳﻨﺼﲆ ﻣﻌﺎ ﺑﺈﺫﻥ ﺍﷲ ﰲ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳌﺴﺠﺪ ﺍﳉﺪﻳﺪ‬In two months, at the most,

weapons after the war to increase your

we will pray together with God’s permission in

arsenals?

the new mosque

87 | 4989 |

88 | 4912 |

‫ ﹸﻣ ﹶﻌ ﱠﻴﻦ‬adj. specific, determined; fixed, set, prescribed; appointed, designated

853

‫ ﹶﺃ ﱡﳞﺎ‬voc.part. fem. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﱠﻳﺘﹸﻬﺎ‬oh! ‫ﺿﻴﻔﻨﺎ ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻡ ﺃﳞﺎ ﺍﻹﺧﻮﺓ ﻭﺍﻷﺧﻮﺍﺕ ﻫﻮ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻃﻖ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻤﻲ ﺑﺎﺳﻢ ﺣﺰﺏ ﺍﻷﻣﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﻮﻳﺘﻲ‬Our

‫ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﻣﺬﺍﻫﺐ ﻣﻌﻴﻨﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﺎﺋﻞ ﻗﺪ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺬﻫﺐ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺍﳌﻔﺘﻲ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺬﻫﺐ ﺁﺧﺮ‬There are specific sects,

guest today, brothers and sisters, is

and the requester might be from one sect and

the official spokesman for the Kuwaiti

the mufti from another

Al-Umma Party

97 | 4469 |

84 | 5122 |

86

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

854

‫ ﹶ ﹺﴎﻳﻊ‬adj. quick, prompt; ‫ ﹶﹺﴎﻳﻌ ﹰﺎ‬quickly,

was only broken by the trickling water flowing

promptly

from the fountain

‫ ﻭﺭﻓﻊ‬،‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻘﻄﺎﺭ ﴎﻳﻌﺎ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﳑﺎ ﻳﻨﺒﻐﻰ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻌﲈﻝ ﺃﻳﺪﳞﻢ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﺤﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﺠﻨﻮﺩ‬The train was faster than necessary, and the workers

89 | 4809 | +lit

860

raised their hands in greeting to the soldiers 98 | 4375 |

855

Are you trying to get a speeding ticket?

‫ﻼﻣﺔ‬ ‫ ﹶﺳ ﹶ‬n. security, safety; integrity; ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻼ ﹶﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﹶﻣ ﹶﻊ ﱠ‬

88 | 4841 |

goodbye!

‫ﻗﺒﻠﺖ ﺯﻫﺮﺓ ﻗﺒﻠﺘﲔ ﻋﲆ ﺧﺪﳞﺎ ﻭﲤﻨﺖ ﳍﺎ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻣﺔ‬ ‫ — ﰱ ﺍﻟﺴﻔﺮ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻼﻣﺔ ﰱ ﺍﻟﻮﺿﻊ‬She kissed Zahra

861

‫ ﰲ‬at ‫ ﺁﻻﻑ ﻣﱰ ﻣﺮﺑﻊ‬٤ ‫ﺍﻥ ﺍﳌﺘﺤﻒ ﻳﻘﺎﻡ ﻋﲆ ﻣﺴﺎﺣﺔ‬ ‫ — ﻋﻨﺪ ﻣﺪﺧﻞ ﻣﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﻳﺶ‬The museum is set up residence

on her trip and safety in giving birth 98 | 4387 |

‫ ﻣﺎﻟﹺ ﱠﻴﺔ‬n. finance ‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﺑﻠﻐﺖ ﻛﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻷﺳﻬﻢ ﺍﳌﺘﺪﺍﻭﻟﺔ ﰲ ﺳﻮﻕ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺮﻳﻦ‬ ٢٠٫٧١ ‫ﻟﻸﻭﺭﺍﻕ ﺍﳌﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﺧﻼﻝ ﺍﻷﺳﺒﻮﻉ ﺍﳌﺎﴈ‬ ‫ — ﻣﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺳﻬﻢ‬The quantity of shares traded in

being erected on an area of 4 thousand square meters at the entrance to the city of Al-Arish 89 | 4800 |

was 20.71 million shares

‫ ﹶﺧ ﹾﻮﻑ‬n. fear; ‫ ﹶﺧ ﹾﻮﻓ ﹰﺎ‬for fear (‫ ﹺﻣﻦ‬of ), fearing (‫ ﻋﲆ‬for) ‫— ﻻﺣﻆ ﻋﻼﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﳋﻮﻑ ﻭﺍﻟﺪﻫﺸﺔ ﰱ ﻭﺟﻪ ﺻﺪﻳﻘﻪ‬

80 | 5342 |

He noticed signs of fear and surprise on

862

the Bahrain Money Market during the last week

857

the face of his friend

‫ ﺍﹺ ﱢﲡﺎﻩ‬n. pl. -aat direction; course; trend,

99 | 4297 |

movement

..‫ﺍﻧﺪﻓﻌﺖ ﺑﺄﻗﴡ ﴎﻋﺔ ﺑﺎﲡﺎﻩ ﳏﻄﺔ ﺍﳌﱰﻭ‬ ‫ — ﺗﻌﻤﺪﺕ ﺃﻻ ﺗﻨﻈﺮ ﺣﻮﳍﺎ‬She started off as

863

look around her

‫ ﺍﺧﺘﻠﻄﺖ ﰱ‬،‫ﻣﻊ ﺗﺰﺍﻳﺪ ﺍﻟﻀﻮﺀ ﻇﻬﺮﺕ ﺃﺷﻜﺎﻝ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﺓ‬ ‫ ﻟﻜﻨﻬﺎ ﱂ ﺗﻠﺒﺚ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻧﻔﺼﻠﺖ ﻭﺍﺗﻀﺤﺖ ﺷﻴﺌﺎ‬،‫ﺍﻟﺒﺪﺍﻳﺔ‬ ‫ — ﻓﺸﻴﺌﺎ‬With the increasing light, new forms

89 | 4800 |

appeared, all mixed together at first, but it was

Metro station...She deliberately did not

not long before they broke up, and became

‫ ﹶﻧ ﹶﻘ ﹶﻞ‬v. I (u) to transfer, transport sth;

clear bit by bit

to transmit (news); to translate sth;

‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﹺﺤﻴ ﹶﻔ ﹸﺔ( ﻋ ﹺ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮ ﹺﺋ ﹺ‬ ‫ﻴﺲ( ﹶﻗ ﹾﻮ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ ﺇﹺ ﱠﻥ‬ ‫ﹶﻧ ﹶﻘ ﹶﻠﺖ ) ﱠ‬ ‫ﹶﻦ ) ﹶ‬

(the newspaper) quoted (the President)

96 | 4426 |

864

as saying that

‫ﺗﻢ ﺍﻋﺘﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﻭﻧﻘﻞ ﺇﱃ ﺟﺒﻞ ﺍﻟﻄﻮﺭ ﻣﻊ ﺍﳌﺠﺮﻣﲔ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ‬ ‫ — ﳞﺪﺩﻭﻥ ﺍﻷﻣﻦ ﻭﺳﻼﻣﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﻼﺩ‬He was arrested

‫ ﹶﺑﺪﹶ ﻝ‬n. substitute; ‫ ﹶﺑﺪﹶ ﹰﻻ ﹺﻣﻦ‬instead of, in lieu of ‫ﻗﺎﻣﻮﺍ ﺑﺈﻧﺰﺍﻝ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻢ ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻰ ﻭﺭﻓﻌﻮﺍ ﺑﺪﻻ ﻣﻨﻪ ﻗﻤﻴﺼﺎ‬ ‫ — ﻣﻠﻄﺨﺎ ﺑﺎﻟﺪﻣﺎﺀ‬They took down the American flag and raised in its place a shirt spotted with

and transferred to Jabal Al-Tur with the

blood

criminals who threaten the security and

99 | 4315 |

safety of the country 97 | 4421 |

859

‫ ﹶﺿ ﹾﻮﺀ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺿﻮﺍﺀ‬light, lamp; ‫ﺍﻷﺿﻮﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﹶﺩ ﹾﻭ ﹺﺭ ﹼﻱ ﹾ‬ Premier League

fast as possible in the direction of the

858

‫ ﹶﺃﻗﺎ ﹶﻡ‬v. IV to install, establish, set up sth; to

hold, host (event, party); to reside, live,

two kisses on her cheek and wished her safety

856

‫ ﹶﺳ ﹶﻌﻰ‬v. I (a) to strive ‫ ﺇﱃ‬for sth; to pursue, chase ‫ ﹶﻭﺭﺍ ﹶﺀ‬after (a goal) ‫— ﻫﻞ ﺗﺴﻌﻰ ﻟﻠﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻋﲆ ﳐﺎﻟﻔﺔ ﴎﻋﺔ؟‬

‫ ﹶﺻ ﹾﻤﺖ‬n. silence ￯‫ ﻓﺴﺎﺩ ﺻﻤﺖ ﺛﻘﻴﻞ ﱂ ﻳﻘﻄﻌﻪ ﺳﻮ‬،‫ﻫﻜﺬﺍ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺑﺤﺪﺓ‬ ‫ — ﺧﺮﻳﺮ ﺍﳌﻴﺎﻩ ﺍﳌﺘﺪﻓﻘﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻓﻮﺭﺓ‬He said this sharply, and then a heavy silence reigned which

865

‫ ﻃﹺ ﱢﺒ ﹼﻲ‬adj. medical ‫ﺇﳖﺎ ﺑﺎﻟﺮﻏﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺩﺭﺍﺳﺘﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﺔ ﻻ ﺗﻌﺮﻑ ﺷﻴﺌﺎ ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ — ﺃﺣﺎﺳﻴﺲ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﻞ‬Despite her medical studies, she doesn’t know anything about the feelings of men 95 | 4497 |

Frequency index

866

‫ ﺩ ﹺ‬office, bureau; district, circuit; ‫ ﺩﺍﺋﹺ ﹶﺮﺓ‬n. pl. ‫ﻭﺍﺋﺮ‬ ‫ﹶ‬

was crowned champion of the local tournament last season

circle, ring

‫ ﻭﺃﺑﺪﻝ‬..‫ﺃﱂ ﺃﻗﻞ ﻟﻚ ﺇﻧﻪ ﻗﺪ ﺃﻭﻗﻌﻚ ﰲ ﺩﺍﺋﺮﺓ ﺳﺤﺮﻩ‬ ‫ — ﻗﻠﺒﻚ ﺑﻘﻠﺐ ﺩﺟﺎﺟﺔ؟‬Didn’t I tell you that he has entrapped you in his circle of magic...and

96 | 4386 |

872

exchanged your heart with the heart of a chicken? 90 | 4742 |

867

‫ﺋﺎﺳﺔ‬ ‫ ﹺﺭ ﹶ‬n. presidency, leadership, direction,

90 | 4688 |

873

advertisement, billboard

always been enthusiastic about accepting Egyptian

‫ﺑﻌﻀﻬﺎ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ ﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﺟﺐ ﻫﻮ ﻗﺘﺎﻝ ﺍﻷﻣﲑﻛﺎﻥ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺍﻻﺻﻄﻔﺎﻑ ﺿﺪﻫﻢ ﻭﺇﻋﻼﻥ ﺍﳉﻬﺎﺩ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ‬Some

students because they are smart and diligent 79 | 5379 |

‫ ﺍﹺ ﹾﺭﺗﹺﻔﺎﻉ‬n. rise, increase; height, elevation ‫ﺣﺬﺭﺕ ﳉﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺔ ﺑﻤﺠﻠﺲ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺐ ﻣﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺗﻔﺎﻉ ﺃﺳﻌﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺍﺀ ﻭﻋﺪﻡ ﻗﺪﺭﺓ ﺍﳌﺮﴇ ﻣﻦ ﳏﺪﻭﺩﻱ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺪﺧﻞ ﻋﲆ ﴍﺍﺋﻬﺎ‬The Health Committee

of them say that the duty is to fight the Americans and to line up against them and announce Holy War against them 88 | 4765 |

continuing to raise the prices of medicine, and

‫ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻘﺪﹶ‬v. I (i) to hold, conclude, convene (meeting) ‫ ﻭﺍﺗﻔﺎﻗﻴﺔ ﻣﻊ‬،‫ﻋﻘﺪﺕ ﺳﻮﺭﻳﺎ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻗﻴﺔ ﲡﺎﺭﻳﺔ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﺼﲔ‬ ‫ — ﺃﳌﺎﻧﻴﺎ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻤﻘﺮﺍﻃﻴﺔ‬Syria concluded a commercial

about the lack of ability of patients of limited

agreement with China, and an agreement with

income to buy them

Democratic Germany (East Germany)

85 | 5004 |

88 | 4748 |

874

warned in the People’s Assembly against

869

‫ ﺇﹺ ﹾﻋﻼﻥ‬vn. announcing, declaring; n. pl. -aat announcement, declaration, statement;

over the leadership of the department, I have

868

‫ ﹸﺧ ﹸﺮﻭﺝ‬n. departure, leaving; getting out, exit; deviation (‫ ﻋﻦ‬from) ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻄﺖ ﺣﻘﻴﺒﺘﻬﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻓﻮﻕ ﺍﳌﻘﻌﺪ ﻭﺍﲡﻬﺖ ﺇﱃ ﺑﺎﺏ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳋﺮﻭﺝ‬She grabbed her bag from off the chair and headed for the exit door

chairmanship

‫ﻣﻨﺬ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺖ ﺭﺋﺎﺳﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﺴﻢ ﲢﻤﺴﺖ ﺩﺍﺋﲈ ﻟﻘﺒﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻄﻠﺒﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳌﴫﻳﲔ ﻷﳖﻢ ﺃﺫﻛﻴﺎﺀ ﻭﳎﺘﻬﺪﻭﻥ‬Since I took

87

‫ ﹺ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﻋ ﹶﻠﲈﺀ‬scientist, scholar; ‫ ﹸﻋ ﹶﻠﲈﺀ‬ulama ‫ﻋﺎﱂ‬

875

(Muslim legal scholars); a.p. knowing, knowledgeable of

‫ — ﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﻠﻔﺰﻳﻮﻥ ﺟﻬﺎﺯﺍ ﻣﻨﻜﺮﺍ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﲈﺀ‬The

‫( ﹶﺛ ﹴ‬def. ‫ﲈﲏ‬ ‫ ) ﹶﺛ ﹺ‬eight; ‫ﹶﺛﲈﻧﹺ ﹶﻴ ﹶﺔ ﻋ ﹶﹶﴩ‬ ‫ ﹶﺛﲈﻧﹺ ﹶﻴﺔ‬num. fem. ‫ﲈﻥ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ eighteen; ‫ ﲤﺎﻧﻴﺔ‬/tamaaniya/ (Egy.Lev.) ‫ﻗﺎﻣﺖ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺸﺌﻮﻥ ﺍﻻﺟﺘﲈﻋﻴﺔ ﺑﺘﻮﺯﻳﻊ ﺛﲈﻧﻴﺔ ﺁﻻﻑ‬ ￯‫ — ﺯﻭﺝ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﺣﺬﻳﺔ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻟﻔﻼﺣﲔ ﺑﺎﻟﻘﺮ‬The Ministry of Social Affairs distributed eight

television was a device disapproved of by the

thousand pairs of shoes to the farmers in

religious scholars

the villages

91 | 4624 |

97 | 4296 |

870

‫ ﻛﹶـ‬prep. as, like; ‫ ﻛﹶﺎﻟﺘ ﹺﹼﺎﱄ‬as follows; (occasionally written separately as ‫ ﻛﺎ‬in informal media) ‫ ﻇﻠﺖ ﺗﺮﲡﻒ ﻭﺗﺘﻨﻔﺲ ﺑﻌﻤﻖ‬،‫ﺑﺪﺕ ﺷﺎﺣﺒﺔ ﻛﺎﻷﻣﻮﺍﺕ‬ ‫ — ﻭﲢﺎﻭﻝ ﺍﺳﺘﺠﲈﻉ ﻧﻔﺴﻬﺎ‬She looked pale, like

876

tried to perform her role in light of the absence

the dead, and kept trembling and breathing

of authority

deeply and trying to get control of herself

89 | 4710 |

90 | 4708 | +lit

871

‫ ﹶﺑ ﹶﻄﻞ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺑﻄﺎﻝ‬hero; (sports) champion; (film) star

‫ ﻇﹺ ﹼﻞ‬n. pl. ‫ ﻇﹺﻼﻝ‬shade; patronage; ‫ ﻇﹺﻼﻝ‬auspices; ‫ ﹶﺛ ﹺﻘﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﻈﹺ ﹼﻞ‬unpleasant, disagreeable (person) ‫ — ﺣﺎﻭﻟﺖ ﺃﻥ ﺗﺆﺩﻱ ﺩﻭﺭﻫﺎ ﰲ ﻇﻞ ﻏﻴﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻄﺔ‬She

877

‫ ﹶﺳ ﱠﺠ ﹶﻞ‬v. II to register; to record (audio); to score (point)

‫ ﻭﺳﺠﻞ ﺑﻀﻊ ﻛﻠﲈﺕ ﰱ‬..‫ﻻﺫ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﺐ ﺑﺎﻟﺼﻤﺖ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻷﻭﺭﺍﻕ‬The doctor remained silent, and

‫ﻳﻠﻌﺐ ﻟﻨﺎﺩﻱ ﺍﻟﻮﺣﺪﺍﺕ ﺍﻻﺭﺩﲏ ﻭﺗﻮﺝ ﻣﻌﻪ ﺑﻄﻼ‬ ‫ — ﻟﻠﺪﻭﺭﻱ ﺍﳌﺤﲇ ﺍﳌﻮﺳﻢ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺋﺖ‬He plays for the

recorded some words on the papers

Jordanian Al-Wahdat Club, and along with it he

97 | 4277 |

88

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

12 Professions 47 96 106 194

253 270 335 354 360 379 425 428 534 562 589 604 628 636 644 654 710 719 828 869 884 899 903 915 925 939 1008 1015 1075 1102 1134 1173 1221

‫ﺭﺋﻴﺲ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﳼ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺩﻛﺘﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻃﺎﻟﺐ‬ ‫ﻋﺴﻜﺮﻱ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺆﻭﻝ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﺋﺐ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻚ‬ ‫ﻻﻋﺐ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺋﺪ‬ ‫ﺃﺳﺘﺎﺫ‬ ‫ﺃﻣﲑ‬ ‫ﻓﻨ ﹼﹼﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﻋﺮ‬ ‫ﻃﺒﻴﺐ‬ ‫ﺟﻨﺪﻱ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺃﻣﲔ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺗﺐ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻛﻢ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﱂ‬ ‫ﺣﻜﻮﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻣﻌ ﹼﻠﻢ‬ ‫ﳑ ﹼﺜﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻮ ﹼﻇﻒ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﹼﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺻﺤﻔﻲ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺿﺎﺑﻂ‬ ‫ﺳﻔﲑ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﻼﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺇﻣﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺱ‬ ‫ﺯﻋﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﹴ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺽ‬

president

1247

minister

1255

politician

1282

owner,

1417

proprietor

1487

(also lord) doctor

1514

student

1519

soldier

1615

official

1658

deputy, vice-

1662

director

1751

king

1771

player leader

1805

professor prince,

1817

commander

1826

artist;

1842

technician

1926

worker

1948

poet doctor

1956

soldier

1959

trustee;

1978

secretary writer; clerk

2026

ruler,

2039

governor

2048

scientist,

2049

‫ﺧﺒﲑ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺣﺚ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﺭﺱ‬ ‫ﺭﻛﻦ‬ ‫ﻭﻛﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﺨﺼﺺ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﳏﺎﻓﻆ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺎﻋﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺟﺮ‬ ‫ﺻﺤﺎﰲ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺋﺪ‬ ‫ﻟﻮﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﳏﺎ ﹴﻡ‬ ‫ﻣﴩﻑ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻋﻞ‬ ‫ﺣﻜﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﻀﻴﻒ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺋﻖ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺘﺸﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﳐﺘﺺ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﳎﺎﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻬﺮﺑﺎﺋﻲ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻴﻞ‬

expert

2401

coach researcher

2416

guard, goalie

2482

chief of staff

2570

(also corner)

2707

‫ﺗﻠﻤﻴﺬ‬ ‫ﺣﺮﺱ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺳﻴﻘﻲ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﺭﺱ‬

2751

‫ﺧﻠﻴﻔﺔ‬

assistant

2840

businessman

2872

journalist

2972

‫ﻛﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﳏﱰﻑ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺪﻭﺏ‬

agent specialist governor

pioneer; major

2990

major

3029

general

3073

bearer, porter lawyer

3074

supervisor

3204

doer

3284

wise man;

3345

doctor

3350

host, steward

3373

driver

3389

counselor,

3400

adviser

3409

specialist

3484

fighter electrician

3499

agent;

3529

scholar

operative,

3857

government

spy; client

3877

officer

2062

teacher representative;

2129

actor

2147

employee

2160

artist

2165

journalist

2196

officer

2225

ambassador media worker

2263

Imam

2319

engineer

2383

‫ﻣﺆ ﹼﻟﻒ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺩﺑﻠﻮﻣﺎﳼ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺟﻨﺮﺍﻝ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺘﺞ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﺭﺱ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﱃ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺘﺜﻤﺮ‬ ‫ﳐﺮﺝ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻴﺪ‬

‫ﻣﺮﺍﻗﺐ‬

author, composer

3932

servant

3951

diplomat

3959

general

4059

manufacturer

4081

teacher

4103

master,

4132

patron

4189

investor

4265

director

4294

dean;

4304

leader

brigadier

4308

judge

general

4507

‫ﻣﺪﺍﻓﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﻘﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﳏ ﹼﻘﻖ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﻳﺐ‬ ‫ﻣﻨ ﹼﻈﻢ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻓﻼﺡ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻠﻖ‬ ‫ﻣﻔﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﴍﻃﻲ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺣﺮ‬ ‫ﻋﲈﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺮﺏ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﻧﻊ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻗﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﺗﻞ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﻴﺐ‬ ‫ﻣﺰﺍﺭﻉ‬ ‫ﳏ ﹼﻠﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺸﺎﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺍﺋﻲ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺣﻜﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﺒﻌﻮﺙ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺍﺳﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺎﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﹼ ﹴﻉ‬ ‫ﻣﺬﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﻟﺺ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﳐﺘﺎﺭ‬

inspector; censor student guard musician horseman; knight successor; caliph cadre, staff professional delegate; agent defender colonel investigator; editor leader author organizer farmer commentator mufti policeman magician major general musician, singer manufacturer critic combatant union boss; captain farmer analyst consultant novelist referee envoy reporter shareholder photographer prosecutor announcer thief village chief

Frequency index

4534 4547 4568 4638 4699 4716 4737

4798 4813 4867 5121 5200 5409 5468 5481 5555 5612 5640 5675 5678 5713 5724 5737 5754

‫ﺑﺮﻭﻓﺴﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺑﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﺣﺎ ﹴﻡ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﴍ‬ ‫ﳑﺮﺽ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻴﺐ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻣﻼ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻄﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﹴ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻝ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻠﺴﻮﻑ‬ ‫ﺳﻜﺮﺗﲑ‬ ‫ﻣﻐﻨﹼﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﺆﺭﺥ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﺤﻖ‬ ‫ﻣﻨ ﹼﻔﺬ‬ ‫ﻫﺪﹼ ﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺘﺪﺏ‬ ‫ﳏﺮﺭ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﺭﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺟﺮﺍﺡ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﹼﻓﺮﺍﺵ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻋﻴﺔ‬

professor

5786

captain

5956

guide guardian;

‫ﺣﺎﻓﻆ‬

6041

patron publisher

6147

nurse

6183

inspector;

6186

censor;

6274

sergeant

6295

Muslim cleric

6316

volunteer

6342

ruler

6475

philosopher

6486

secretary

6487

singer

6498

historian

6542

Jihadist

6626

attaché

6706

executor

6708

sharpshooter

6736

deputized

6754

editor;

6775

liberator

6838

housemaid

6852

surgeon

6920

‫ﺳﺎﺣﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﻧﺠﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺑﺤﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺧﻄﻴﺐ‬ ‫ﺣﺪﹼ ﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻃ ﹼﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺑﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺍﻕ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺣﻼﻕ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻫﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﻓﲑ‬ ‫ﳏﺎﺳﺐ‬ ‫ﺭ ﹼﻳﺲ‬ ‫ﻛﻮﺍﻓﲑﺓ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻊ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻜﺎﻧﻴﻜﻲ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻌﻬﺪ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺻﻴﺪ ﹼﱄ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺩﻻﻝ‬

archbishop

7101

assistant;

7131

supporter

7191

guardian;

7210

‫ﺩﻫﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﲑ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺣﱪ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﹼ‬

7231

‫ﻗﻮﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﹼ‬

sailor

7276

orator

7466

blacksmith

7517

‫ﺳﺎﻗﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﻐﹼﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻨ ﹼﻈﺮ‬

knows Qur)an witch carpenter

expert pilot

7570

midwife

7636

driver

7717

barber

7728

nun

7758

leader, guide

7761

chauffeur

7765

accountant

7768

chief, boss

7812

hairdresser

7816

reviewer

7826

mechanic

7896

contractor

7928

pharmacist

7950

auctioneer;

janitor

real estate

7955

missionary;

agent

7956

propagandist

878

‫ﻣﻄﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﲔ‬

7074

‫ﺧﺪﹼ ﺍﻡ‬

pontiff preparer, editor procurer, pimp water carrier operator theoretician; critic reporter mayor beautician technician sculptor puppeteer shoemaker thief cashier camel driver lecturer commentator priest cloth merchant doorman sailor

superheroes (lit. “bat princes”) 97 | 4253 |

881

86 | 4853 |

‫ﻱ‬ ‫ ﻧ ﹶﹶﻮ ﹺﻭ ﹼ‬adj. nuclear, atomic; nucleic ‫ﺇﻥ ﺍﻷﺳﻠﺤﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻮﻭﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺑﺤﻮﺯﺓ ﺃﻣﲑﻛﺎ ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻡ ﻻ‬ ‫ — ﺗﺘﲈﺷﻰ ﻭﻣﺘﻄﻠﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﱂ ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺚ‬The nuclear

‫ﺳﺎﺣﺔ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬n. pl. -aat scene; field, arena ‫ — ﺇﺫﺍ ﺗﺰﻭﺟﻬﺎ ﺳﻴﺘﺤﻮﻝ ﺑﻴﺘﻬﲈ ﺇﱃ ﺳﺎﺣﺔ ﻣﻌﺎﺭﻙ‬If he

weapons which America has today are not

marries her, their home will be transformed into

modern world

a battle field

79 | 5190 |

consistent with the requirements of the

89 | 4652 |

882 880

director

age of cola, hamburgers and (comic book)

in the name of the Jordanian people except the

879

‫ﹼﺑﻮﺍﺏ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻣﻼﺡ‬

painter

worker

‫( ﹸﺃ ﹾﺭ ﹸﺩ ﱢ ﹼﲏ‬Dia. /’urduni/) n./adj. Jordanian ‫ﻻ ﳛﻖ ﻷﺣﺪ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺘﺤﺪﺙ ﺑﺎﺳﻢ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺐ ﺍﻷﺭﺩﲏ ﺇﻻ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﱪﳌﺎﻥ ﺍﻷﺭﺩﲏ‬No one has the right to speak Jordanian parliament

‫ﻣﻘﺮﺭ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﺪﺓ‬ ‫ﳏﺴﻦ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﳏﴬ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻧ ﹼﻘﺎﺵ‬ ‫ﺃﺭﺍﺟﻮﺯ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺣﺬﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﳏﺼﻞ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﲨﹼﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﳏﺎﴐ‬ ‫ﻣﻔﺼﻞ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﹼﻗﲈﺵ‬

89

‫ ﻓﹺ ﹾﺮ ﹶﻗﺔ‬n. pl. ‫ ﻓﹺ ﹶﺮﻕ‬group, team, troupe; (music)

‫ ﹶﻋ ﹾﴫ‬n. pl. ‫ﹸﺼﻮﺭ‬ ‫ ﻋ ﹸ‬age, period, time, epoch ‫ ﻫﺬﺍ ﻋﴫ ﺍﻟﻜﻮﻻ‬،‫ﺍﻧﺘﻬﻰ ﻋﴫ ﺍﻟﺒﻄﻮﻻﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﺸﻬﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺍﳍﻤﱪﻏﺮ ﻭﺍﻷﻣﺮﺍﺀ ﺍﻟﻮﻃﺎﻭﻳﻂ‬The age of

‫ — ﻣﻦ ﻫﻢ ﺃﻋﻀﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻳﻌﺰﻓﻮﻥ ﻣﻌﻚ؟‬Who are

heroism and martyrdom has ended; this is the

96 | 4274 |

band, ensemble; (mil.) division, squad

the members of the ensemble that play with you?

90

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

883

‫ ﹶﻗ ﹾﺮﻥ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﻗ ﹸﺮﻭﻥ‬century, age; horn ‫ﻛﻴﻒ ﻇﻠﺖ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻷﻋﲈﻝ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺩﺭﺓ ﺑﻌﻴﺪﺓ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻷﺿﻮﺍﺀ‬ ‫ — ﻗﺮﺍﺑﺔ ﻗﺮﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺰﻣﺎﻥ؟‬How did these rare

is for you to leave us immediately and return

works stay far from the limelight for almost

to Rome

a century?

93 | 4417 |

‫ﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﺴﺒﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﻮﺣﻴﺪ ﻟﻮﻗﻒ ﻛﻞ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻐﺎﺩﺭﻧﺎ ﻓﻮﺭﺍ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺗﻌﻮﺩ ﺇﱃ ﺭﻭﻣﺎ‬The only way to stop all this

88 | 4700 |

884

‫ ﺣﻜ ﹺ‬adj. governmental, state; official; ‫ﹸﻮﻣ ﹼﻲ‬ ‫ﹸ‬

890

n. state or government officer

‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻘﺎﺗﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻔﲑﻳﲔ؟ ﻗﻮﺍﺕ ﺍﻻﺣﺘﻼﻝ ﺃﻡ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻘﻮﺍﺕ ﺍﳊﻜﻮﻣﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺍﻗﻴﺔ؟‬Who is fighting

‫ ﹺﴏﺍﻉ‬n. pl. -aat struggle, conflict, fight ‫ ﲢﻮﻝ ﺇﱃ ﻋﺮﺍﻙ‬،‫ﺣﺪﺙ ﴏﺍﻉ ﺷﻔﻮﻱ ﺃﻭﻝ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ‬ ‫ — ﻭﴐﺏ ﺑﺎﻷﻳﺪﻱ‬A verbal conflict occurred at first, then changed to a battle and blows with fists

the Takfiris? The occupation forces or the Iraqi

88 | 4642 |

government forces? 88 | 4659 |

885

891

‫ ﹸﺭﺅﹾ ﹶﻳﺔ‬n. vision, sight; view, viewing; perspective,

view, opinion

‫ﻻ ﺑﺪ ﺃﻥ ﻧﺤﻞ ﻣﺸﻜﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﺮﺅﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﺃﻥ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﻋﺪﻡ‬ ‫ — ﺗﻮﺍﺯﻥ ﻧﻮﻭﻱ‬It is necessary that we solve the

886

‫ﹶﻌﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫ ﺗ ﹸ‬n. pl. -aat working, doing business (‫ ﻣﻊ‬with); relations, (business) dealings ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺒﻌﺪ ـ ﰲ ﺗﴫﳛﺎﺕ ﻟﻪ ـ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺗﻌﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﻻﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﺘﺤﺪﺓ ﻣﻊ ﺣﻜﻮﻣﺔ ﺍﻟﻮﺣﺪﺓ ﺍﻟﻮﻃﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻔﻠﺴﻄﻴﻨﻴﺔ ﺍﳌﻘﱰﺣﺔ‬In his statements he thought the possibility of the United States

problem of the Arab viewpoint that there is no

dealing with the suggested Palestinian Unity

nuclear balance

Government unlikely

89 | 4610 |

89 | 4559 |

‫ ﹺﲡ ﹶﺎﺭﺓ‬n. commerce, business ‫ﻳﻤﻴﻞ ﻣﻌﻈﻤﻬﻢ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺎﺭﺓ ﻭﳛﺒﻮﻥ ﲨﻊ ﺍﳌﺎﻝ ﺍﳉﻢ ﺑﻜﻞ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺴﺒﻞ ﺍﳌﴩﻭﻋﺔ ﻭﻏﲑ ﺍﳌﴩﻭﻋﺔ‬Most of them

892

‫ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻬﺪ‬n. pl. ‫ ﻋ ﹸﹸﻬﻮﺩ‬age, period; tenure, administration, reign; treaty, pact, promise,

illegal

‫ ﹶﻭ ﹼ ﹺﱄ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻌ ﹾﻬ ﹺﺪ‬crown prince ‫ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺗﴩﻳﻌﺎﺕ ﺛﻘﻴﻠﺔ ﺍﺻﺪﺭﻫﺎ ﺻﺪﺍﻡ ﰲ ﻋﻬﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺣﻴﺚ ﺗﻢ ﺗﺄﺳﻴﺲ ﺍﺳﺲ ﺍﻟﻔﺴﺎﺩ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻤﻴﻴﺰ ﺍﻟﻄﺎﺋﻔﻲ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻨﴫﻱ‬There were heavy regulations

96 | 4265 |

which Saddam issued in his era such that the

oath;

are leaning toward business and they love to make lots of money by all means, legal and

bases of corruption and sectarian and racial 887

‫ ﺗﺎ ﹶﺑ ﹶﻊ‬v. III to continue, follow sth/sb; to monitor,

discrimination were established

keep an eye on sth/sb

88 | 4637 |

‫ﻫﻮ ﳛﺐ ﻣﴫ ﻟﺪﺭﺟﺔ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻳﺘﺎﺑﻊ ﻛﻞ ﻣﺎ ﳚﺮ￯ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺑﺎﻫﺘﲈﻡ‬ ‫ — ﺑﺎﻟﻎ‬He loves Egypt so much that he follows

893

everything that happens in it with extreme

‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻖ ﺑﻜﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﳍﻨﺪﺳﺔ ﻟﺘﻔﻮﻗﻪ ﻭﺩﺭﺱ ﺍﻟﺘﻤﺜﻴﻞ ﺑﻤﻌﻬﺪ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻔﻨﻮﻥ ﺍﳌﴪﺣﻴﺔ‬He joined the College of

interest 98 | 4186 |

888

Engineering because of his superior standing,

‫ ﺗ ﹺ ﹾﹶﴫﻳﺢ‬n. pl. -aat declaration, statement ‫ﻣﺎﺫﺍ ﺗﺮﻳﺪ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﻣﻦ ﻫﺬﺍ؟ ﻟﻘﺪ ﺃﻋﻠﻦ ﰲ ﺗﴫﻳﺢ ﺭﺳﻤﻲ‬ ‫ — ﺃﻥ ﺇﴎﺍﺋﻴﻞ ﴎﻃﺎﻥ‬What do you want more

and he studied acting in the Institute of Theatrical Arts 96 | 4225 |

than this? He announced in an official statement that Israel is a cancer 83 | 4918 |

889

‫ ﹶﻭ ﹾﻗﻒ‬vn. stopping, ceasing; n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭﻗﺎﻑ‬waqf (Islamic religious endowment)

‫ ﹸﻛ ﱢﻠ ﱠﻴﺔ‬n. pl. -aat college, institute, faculty;

entirety, totality

894

‫ ﺛﹺ ﹶﻘﺔ‬n. confidence, trust ‫ — ﺍﳌﻬﻢ ﺃﺻﺒﺤﺖ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﺛﻘﺔ ﺑﻨﻔﴘ‬The important thing is that I became more self-confident 99 | 4126 |

Frequency index

895

‫ ﹶﺿ ﹾﺒﻂ‬n. adjusting; regulating; seizure, confiscation; ‫( ﺑﺎﻟﻀﺒﻂ‬at) exactly; ‫ﺑﺎﻟﺰﺑﻂ‬

902

‫ﻫﻞ ﺗﻌﺮﻑ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﺔ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺎﺓ؟ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﻣﺴﻴﺤﻴﻮﻥ‬ ‫ — ﻃﻴﺒﻮﻥ ﻭﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﻣﺴﻴﺤﻴﻮﻥ ﻏﲑ ﻃﻴﺒﲔ‬Do you

‫ ﺑﺎﻟﻀﺒﻂ ﰱ‬،‫ﻭﰱ ﺻﺒﺎﺡ ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﻟﻠﻴﻠﺔ ﺍﻻﺧﲑﺓ ﳌﺠﺪ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ‬ ‫ ﺑﺪﺃ ﺍﳍﺠﻮﻡ‬،‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﻋﺔ ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺑﻌﺔ ﻭﲬﺲ ﻭﺃﺭﺑﻌﲔ ﺩﻗﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻜﺒﲑ‬In the morning of that last night for

know the nature of the family of the girl? There are good Christians and there are bad

Magd Al-Din, at exactly 4:45, the big attack began

Christians

98 | 4157 |

99 | 4090 |

‫ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻤﻰ‬v. II to name, designate, call ‫ﻗﺪ ﻋﺎﻟﺞ ﺍﺑﻦ ﺧﻠﺪﻭﻥ ﰲ ﻛﺘﺎﺑﻪ ﻣﺎ ﻧﺴﻤﻴﻪ ﺍﻵﻥ »ﺍﻟﻈﻮﺍﻫﺮ‬ «‫ — ﺍﻻﺟﺘﲈﻋﻴﺔ‬Ibn Khaldoun treated this in his

903

‫ ﹶﳑ ﹸ ﱢﺜ ﹶﻠﺔ‬pl. -aat actress ‫ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺜﻨﺎﺀ‬،‫ ﺑﺈﲨﺎﻉ ﺃﻋﻀﺎﺋﻬﺎ‬،‫ﻗﺮﺭ ﻗﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﳊﻠﻒ ﺍﻷﻃﻠﴘ‬ ‫ ﻗﺮﺭﻭﺍ ﲡﻤﻴﺪ ﻋﻀﻮﻳﺔ‬،‫ﳑﺜﻞ ﺍﻟﻮﻻﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﺘﺤﺪﺓ ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺃﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ‬The leadership of NATO decided

97 | 4171 |

‫ﹶﻱ‬ ‫( ﺯ ﹼ‬Egy.Lev.) prep. like, as, similar to; (with pron.) ‫ ﺯﹶ ﱢﻳﻲ‬like me; ‫ ﺯﻱ ﻣﺎ‬as much as ‫ ﺑﺲ‬..‫ﺍﻧﺖ ﺗﻐﱰﻑ ﺛﻘﺎﻓﺔ ﻭﺣﻀﺎﺭﺓ ﺯﻱ ﻣﺎ ﺍﻧﺖ ﻋﺎﻭﺯ‬ ‫ — ﺑﻌﻴﺪ ﻋﻨﻲ‬You can consume culture as much

unanimously, with the exception of the delegate of the United States of America, to suspend America’s membership 86 | 4670 |

as you want...just far away from me 81 | 4991 | +spo

898

904

‫ ﻋﺎﻧﹶﻰ‬v. III to suffer sth or ‫ ﻣﻦ‬from sth ‫— ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺐ ﺍﳌﻮﺭﻳﺘﺎﲏ ﻋﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﻟﻜﺜﲑ ﻣﻦ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﻭﻟﺪ ﺍﻟﻄﺎﻳﻊ‬ The Mauritanian people have suffered a lot

96 | 4174 |

89 | 4558 |

‫ ﹸﻣ ﹶﻌ ﱢﻠﻢ‬n. pl. -uun teacher, instructor; master

‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ ﻋ ﹶ‬n. pl. -aat expression; phrase, word; ‫ﹺ‬ ￯‫ﺒﺎﺭ ﹴﺓ ﹸﺃ ﹾﺧ ﹶﺮ‬ ‫ ﺑﹺﻌ ﹶ‬in other words ‫ﻫﻲ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺓ ﻋﻦ ﻣﻨﺎﺯﻝ ﻣﺒﻨﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻄﲔ ﻭﺗﺸﺘﻤﻞ ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ — ﺳﺎﻋﺔ ﺷﻤﺴﻴﺔ‬They are a kind of house built of adobe and they contain sun clocks

from the regime of Wuld Al-Tayi

899

‫ ﹸﻣ ﹶﻤ ﱢﺜﻞ‬adj. representing, acting on behalf of; n. pl. -uun representative, delegate; actor;

book what we now call “the social phenomena”

897

‫ ﹶﻃﺒﹺﻴ ﹶﻌﺔ‬n. nature, character; normal, natural (state)

/bi-z-zabT/ (Egy.Lev.) interj./adv. exactly

896

91

905

‫ ﹶﺻ ﹼ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﺻ ﹸﻔﻮﻑ‬line, row, rank; class, ‫ﻒ‬ classroom

(of a trade); foreman, boss, chief

‫ﻧﺰﻟﺖ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻄﺎﺋﺮﺓ ﻭﻭﻗﻔﺖ ﰱ ﺻﻒ ﻃﻮﻳﻞ ﺣﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺻﻠﺖ ﺇﱃ ﺿﺎﺑﻂ ﺍﳉﻮﺍﺯﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺬ￯ ﻓﺤﺺ ﺃﻭﺭﺍﻗﻰ‬ ‫ — ﻣﺮﺗﲔ‬I got off the plane and stood in a long

‫ﻭﻗﻒ ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻢ ﺃﻣﺎﻡ ﻃﻼﺑﻪ ﺷﺎﺭﺣﺎ ﳍﻢ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﺔ ﺍﳌﻬﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ — ﺗﻨﺘﻈﺮﻫﻢ‬The teacher stood in front of his students explaining to them the nature

line until I arrived at the passport officer who

of the task which awaited them

examined my papers twice

98 | 4143 |

97 | 4139 |

900

‫ ﹶﻫﻼ‬/hala/ and ‫ ﻳﺎﻫﻼ‬/ya-hala/ (Lev.Irq.Gul.) welcome, God greet you

‫ ﺗ ﹾﹶﺤ ﹺﺮﻳﺮ‬n. liberation; editorship, editing ‫ﺷﻐﻞ ﻣﻨﺼﺐ ﺭﺋﻴﺲ ﲢﺮﻳﺮ ﻷﻛﺜﺮ ﻣﻦ ﳎﻠﺔ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻴﺔ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺍﺟﺘﲈﻋﻴﺔ ﻋﺮﺑﻴﺔ‬He occupied the position of

62 | 6553 |

editor in chief for more than one Arab social

interj. welcome! hello!

906

‫ — ﻫﻼ ﻓﻴﺞ ﻭﻳﺎ ﻣﺮﺣﺒﺎ ﻭﺣﻴﺎﺝ ﺍﷲ‬Welcome to you,

901

‫ ﹸﻋﻨﹾﻒ‬n. violence, force ‫ ﺩﻕ ﺍﳉﺮﺱ ﺑﻌﻨﻒ ﻭﺑﻼ‬..‫ﺍﻧﻄﻠﻖ ﺑﴪﻋﺔ ﻧﺤﻮ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺏ‬ ‫ ﻭﺃﺧﺬ ﳜﺒﻂ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺏ ﺑﻜﻔﻴﻪ ﻭﻗﺪﻣﻴﻪ ﺑﺄﻗﴡ ﻣﺎ‬،‫ﺍﻧﻘﻄﺎﻉ‬ ‫ — ﻳﺴﺘﻄﻴﻊ‬He headed quickly for the door...He

and political magazine 87 | 4588 |

rang the doorbell violently and without ceasing,

‫ﻳﻄﺎﲏ‬ ‫ ﹺﺑﺮ ﹺ ﹼ‬n./adj. pl. -uun British ‫ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﻻﺣﺘﻼﻝ ﺍﻟﱪﻳﻄﺎﲏ ﺍﺳﺘﺄﻧﻒ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﺦ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﻟﺢ ﻣﻊ‬ ‫ — ﺃﺻﺪﻗﺎﺋﻪ ﺗﺄﺳﻴﺲ ﻣﺪﺭﺳﺔ ﻭﻃﻨﻴﺔ‬After the British

and he began to pound on the door with his

occupation, Sheikh Salih resumed founding a

palms and his feet with everything he had in him

nationalist school with his friends

89 | 4537 |

82 | 4863 |

907

92

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

908

909

‫ ﹶﻣ ﹶﴣ‬v. I (i) to pass, go by, elapse (time); to continue (‫ )ﰲ‬doing sth; to proceed, go ‫ﻧﺤﻮ‬/‫ ﺇﱃ‬to/towards ‫— ﻣﴣ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻓﺬﺓ ﻳﻨﻈﺮ ﺇﱃ ﺍﳊﺎﺭﺓ ﰱ ﺍﻟﻠﻴﻞ‬

914

‫ ﻧ ﹼﹶﺺ‬n. pl. ‫ ﻧ ﹸﹸﺼﻮﺹ‬text; wording; ‫ ﻧ ﹼﹶﺼ ﹰﺎ ﹶﻭ ﹸﺭﻭﺣ ﹰﺎ‬in

letter and spirit

‫ﻳﻨﺒﻐﻲ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﻣﻀﻤﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﺺ ﻗﺎﺩﺭﺍ ﻋﲆ ﻛﺴﺐ ﺛﻘﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻭﺍﺣﱰﺍﻣﻬﻢ ﻭﺇﻳﲈﳖﻢ ﺑﻔﺎﺋﺪﲥﺎ‬The contents

He went to the window looking at the alley

of the text must gain the trust and respect of

at night

the children, as well as their faith in its benefits

89 | 4502 | +lit

88 | 4548 |

Highness

‫ ﹸﻣ ﹶﻮ ﱠﻇﻒ‬n. pl. -uun employee ‫ﺭﻛﺎﺏ ﺍﳌﱰﻭ ﰲ ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﻋﺔ ﺧﻠﻴﻂ ﻣﻦ ﻋﲈﻝ ﻧﻈﺎﻓﺔ‬ ،‫ﻳﺬﻫﺒﻮﻥ ﻟﺘﻨﻈﻴﻒ ﺃﻣﺎﻛﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺍﳌﻮﻇﻔﲔ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺳﻜﺎﺭ￯ ﻣﺘﴩﺩﻳﻦ ﻗﻀﻮﺍ ﺍﻟﻠﻴﻞ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﺪﺓ‬The

stance, which is a sign of self-confidence and

metro riders at that hour were a mixture of

‫ ﹸﺳ ﹸﻤ ﹼﻮ‬n. loftiness, nobility; (in titles) His/Her

915

‫ﻳﺎﻟﻪ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻮﻗﻒ ﺭﺟﻮﱄ ﻳﺪﻝ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻟﺜﻘﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﻔﺲ ﻭﺳﻤﻮ‬ ‫ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺧﻄﺒﺔ ﳑﻴﺰﺓ‬..‫ — ﺍﻷﺧﻼﻕ‬What a manly

janitors going to clean work places before the

high moral standards...It was a distinguished

arrival of the employees, and drunk homeless

sermon

people who had spent the night revelling

77 | 5183 |

97 | 4098 |

910

‫ ﹶﻓﺘﹾﺢ‬n. opening; beginning; conquest (esp. in Islamic history)

916

‫ﺳﻤﺤﻮﺍ ﻟﻪ ﺑﻔﺘﺢ ﻣﻠﻬﻰ ﺻﻐﲑ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻐﺎﺑﺔ ﺟﻨﻮﺏ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳌﺪﻳﻨﺔ‬They permitted the opening

of pages from the Qur)an and his voice began

of a small night club in the forest south

to rise a little as he finished the Surah

of the city

“Al-Mu’minuun”

88 | 4517 |

911

‫ ﹶﺧ ﹶﻄﺮ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺧﻄﺎﺭ‬danger, threat; risk, hazard; alarm (signal), warning (sign)

94 | 4220 |

917

‫ﺍﻛﺪ ﻣﺼﺪﺭ ﰲ ﺍﻟﴩﻃﺔ ﺍﻥ ﻣﺴﻠﺤﲔ ﳎﻬﻮﻟﲔ ﺧﻄﻔﻮﺍ‬ ‫ﺻﺒﺎﺡ ﺍﻣﺲ ﺳﺎﺋﻘﲔ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻴﲔ ﻟﺸﺎﺣﻨﺎﺕ ﺗﻨﻘﻞ ﺍﻟﻐﺎﺯ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺋﻞ‬A police source confirmed that

the most dangerous point in the whole journey

unknown gunmen kidnapped two Iranian truck

96 | 4179 |

‫ ﻣ ﹺ‬adj. direct, immediate; live (broadcast) ‫ﺒﺎﴍ‬ ‫ﹸ‬ ‫ﻣﴫ ﲢﺘﺎﺝ ﺍﻵﻥ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺍﻟﻮﻃﻨﻰ ﺍﳌﺒﺎﴍ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﺑﻜﺜﲑ‬ ‫ — ﻣﻦ ﺍﺣﺘﻴﺎﺟﻬﺎ ﺇﱃ ﻣﺪﺭﺳﲔ ﻭﳏﺎﺳﺒﲔ‬Egypt now

drivers transporting liquid gas yesterday morning 77 | 5138 | +news

918

‫ﺃﺻﺒﺢ ﻋﲆ ﺍﳌﺮﺷﺢ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺘﺤﺪﺙ ﻋﻦ ﻣﺪ￯ ﺗﺪﻳﻨﻪ ﰲ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳊﻤﻠﺔ ﺍﻻﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﻴﺔ‬Candidates now feel the

it needs teachers and accountants 95 | 4192 |

need to speak about their level of religiosity during election campaigns

‫ ﹶﺗ ﹾﻘ ﹺﺮﻳﺐ‬n. approximation; ‫ ﹶﺗ ﹾﻘ ﹺﺮﻳﺒ ﹰﺎ‬approximately,

87 | 4553 |

around; almost, not quite

‫ ﻳﻘﺎﺑﻼﻧﻪ ﻛﻞ ﻳﻮﻡ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺒﺎ ﻳﻌﻄﻴﺎﻧﻪ‬،‫ﺇﳖﲈ ﻳﻌﺮﻓﺎﻧﻪ ﺟﻴﺪﺍ‬ ‫ — ﺷﻴﺌﺎ ﳑﺎ ﺃﻋﻄﺎﳘﺎ ﺍﳉﻨﻮﺩ‬They know him

‫ ﹶﺣ ﹾﻤ ﹶﻠﺔ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺣ ﹶﻤﻼﺕ‬campaign, expedition;

attack, raid

needs direct national work a lot more than

913

‫ ﹸﻣ ﹶﺴ ﱠﻠﺢ‬n. pl. -uun gunman; adj. armed, bearing arms; armored, reinforced

‫ﻧﻘﱰﺏ ﻣﻦ ﺑﻐﺪﺍﺩ ﺃﻋﲆ ﻧﻘﻄﺔ ﺧﻄﺮ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺸﻮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ — ﻛﻠﻪ‬We are approaching Baghdad,

912

‫ ﹶﺻ ﹾﻔ ﹶﺤﺔ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺻ ﹶﻔﺤﺎﺕ‬page; leaf ‫ﻗﺮﺃ ﻋﺪﺓ ﺻﻔﺤﺎﺕ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﻭﺑﺪﺃ ﺻﻮﺗﻪ ﻳﺮﺗﻔﻊ ﻗﻠﻴﻼ‬ «‫ — ﻭﻫﻮ ﳜﺘﻢ ﺳﻮﺭﺓ »ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﻮﻥ‬He read a number

919

‫ ) ﹺ‬adj. pl. ‫ ﺑﺎ ﹸﻗﻮﻥ‬remaining, lasting; ‫( ﹴ‬def. ‫ﺑﺎﻗﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻕ‬ n. remainder, remnant

well, they meet him almost every day and

‫ﺛﻼﺙ ﺩﻭﻝ ﺻﻮﺗﺖ ﻣﻌﻪ ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺎﻗﻲ ﺍﻣﺘﻨﻊ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻮﻳﺖ‬

give him something from what the soldiers

— Three countries voted with it, and the rest

gave them

abstained

96 | 4137 |

98 | 4053 |

Frequency index

920

‫ ﹶﺷﻜ ﹶﹶﺮ‬v. I (u) to thank, give thanks to sb; ‫ ﻛ ﹾﹸﻞ ﹶﻭ ﹾﺍﺷﻜﹸﺮ‬Kul Wa-Ishkur (a type of baklava

926

‫ﰲ ﳖﺎﻳﺔ ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺚ ﺃﺣﺐ ﺃﺷﻜﺮ ﺿﻴﻮﰲ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ — ﺟﺪﺓ ﻭﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﺭﺩﻥ ﻭﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻫﺮﺓ‬In closing

He started speaking quickly and passionately as if throwing off a heavy burden

our conversation, I would like to thank our

97 | 4053 |

guests from Jidda and from Jordan and 927

94 | 4188 | +for

921

‫ ﹶﻟ ﹶﻌ ﱠﻞ‬conj. perhaps, maybe; (with pron.) ‫ﹶﻟ ﹶﻌ ﱢﲇ‬

99 | 3966 |

928

continued until he hung up. She did not

922

‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺣ ﹶﻤﺮ‬adj. fem. ‫ ﹶﺣ ﹾﻤﺮﺍﺀ‬, pl. ‫ ﹸﺣ ﹾﻤﺮ‬red ‫ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ ﺳﻮﺩﺍﺀ‬،‫ﺭﺃﺕ ﺃﻣﺎﻣﻬﺎ ﺩﻛﺎﻧﺎ ﺫﺍ ﻭﺍﺟﻬﺔ ﲪﺮﺍﺀ‬ ‫ — ﻛﺒﲑﺓ‬She saw in front of her a shop with a red façade, on which was a large black sign

perhaps I, maybe I

‫ ﻟﻌﻠﻬﺎ‬،‫ ﱂ ﺗﺮﺩ‬،‫ﺍﻟﺮﻧﲔ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺍﻧﻘﻄﻊ‬ ‫ — ﺗﻨﺎﻡ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﻟﻈﻬﺮ ﻛﻌﺎﺩﲥﺎ‬The ringing

‫ ﺗﹶ ﹶﻜ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ‬v. V to speak (a language); to speak ‫ﻣﻊ‬

with sb (‫ﻋﲆ‬/‫ﺣﻮﻝ‬/‫ ﻋﻦ‬about)

‫— ﺍﻧﺪﻓﻊ ﻳﺘﻜﻠﻢ ﺑﴪﻋﺔ ﻭﺣﺮﺍﺭﺓ ﻛﺄﻧﲈ ﻳﻠﻘﻰ ﺑﺤﻤﻞ ﺛﻘﻴﻞ‬

pastry; lit. eat and be thankful)

from Cairo

93

‫ ﹶﺑ ﹺﻘ ﱠﻴﺔ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺑﻘﺎﻳﺎ‬remainder, left over, remnant;

end, ending, conclusion (article or story)

answer. Perhaps she was sleeping in the

‫ ﳛﺐ ﺍﻟﻐﺪﺍﺀ ﻭﺍﻟﺮﺍﺣﺔ ﰱ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺖ‬،‫— ﻛﺎﻥ ﻣﺜﻞ ﺑﻘﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﲈﻝ‬

afternoon as usual

He was like the rest of the workers, he liked to

95 | 4167 |

eat lunch and rest at home 99 | 3986 |

‫ ﺗﹶﺪﹾ ﹺﺭﻳﺐ‬vn. training, coaching; practicing; n. pl. -aat exercise, drill, practice session

‫ﺍﳌﻴﺎﻩ ﺃﻓﻀﻞ ﻭﺳﻂ ﻟﺘﺪﺭﻳﺐ ﺍﻟﺮﻳﺎﺿﻴﲔ ﻭﻟﻌﻼﺝ‬ ‫ — ﺇﺻﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﻼﻋﺐ‬Water is the best

929

‫ ﹶﺃ ﹶﻟﻢ‬n. pl. ‫ ﺁﻻﻡ‬pain, hurt; suffering ‫— ﺍﻟﺘﻤﻌﺖ ﻋﻴﻨﺎﻫﺎ ﻣﺘﻨﺎﺳﻴﺔ ﻣﺎ ﲠﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺗﻌﺐ ﻭﺃﱂ‬ Her eyes glowed, oblivious to her fatigue and

medium to train athletes and to treat

pain

sports injuries

90 | 4385 |

91 | 4334 |

923

‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﺮﺍﺀﺓ‬ ‫ ﻗ ﹶ‬n. reading; recitation; interpretation; ‫ ﻗﺮﺍﻳﺔ‬/qraya/ (Alg.) education, studying ‫ﺃﻟﻴﺲ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﺟﺪ￯ ﺃﻥ ﻧﺮﻛﺰ ﺟﻬﻮﺩﻧﺎ ﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻤﻬﻢ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺍﺀﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺑﺔ؟‬Isn’t it better that we

930

he woke suddenly from his sleep in a panic,

concentrate our efforts on teaching them

wiping the saliva that had spilled out of the

to read and write?

sides of his mouth, and then he went to sleep again

98 | 4015 |

924

‫ ﹶﺟ ﹶﻠ ﹶﺲ‬v. I (i) to sit (down); to sit ‫ ﺇﱃ‬at ‫ ﻋﲆ‬on/upon sth ‫ﺟﻠﺲ ﺃﻣﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﻜﻤﺒﻴﻮﺗﺮ ﻭﻭﺟﺪ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ ﻳﻤﺤﻮ ﻣﺎ ﻛﺘﺒﻪ‬ ￯‫ — ﻭﻳﺒﺪﺃ ﺻﻴﻐﺔ ﺃﺧﺮ‬He sat down in front

(a table); to sit

97 | 4064 |

931

‫ ﹶﺿ ﱠﻢ‬v. I (u) to include, incorporate sth ‫— ﻭﻳﻀﻢ ﺍﳌﺘﺤﻒ ﳐﻄﻮﻃﺎﺕ ﻗﺮﺁﻧﻴﺔ ﺗﻌﻮﺩ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻷﻧﺪﻟﺲ‬ The museum includes Qur)anic manuscripts

of the computer and found himself erasing

which go back to Andalusia

what he had written and beginning in another

89 | 4427 |

way

‫ ﹶﻓﻨﹼﺎﻥ‬n. fem. -a, pl. -uun artist ‫ — ﺑﲈﺫﺍ ﳛﺲ ﺍﻟﻔﻨﺎﻥ ﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﻳﻨﺠﺰ ﻋﻤﻼ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﺍ؟‬What

‫ ﻣﺎ‬part. (durative) ‫ ﻣﺎ ﺩﺍ ﹶﻡ‬as long as, provided that; ‫ ﻣﺎ ﹶﱂ ﹾ‬as long as...(do/does) not ‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺇﻧﻪ ﻣﻠﺘﺰﻡ ﲠﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺟﻴﻬﺎﺕ ﻣﺎ ﱂ ﺗﺼﺪﺭ ﺗﻌﻠﻴﲈﺕ‬ ‫ — ﺃﺧﺮ￯ ﻏﲑ ﺫﻟﻚ‬He said he would adhere to

does the artist feel when he accomplishes a

these guidelines as long as different instructions

88 | 4487 | +lit

925

‫ ﻧ ﹾﹶﻮﻡ‬n. sleep ‫ ﻟﻜﻨﻪ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻳﻨﻬﺾ ﻓﺠﺄﺓ ﻣﻦ‬،‫ﺭﺍﺡ ﻳﺼﺪﺭ ﺷﺨﲑﺍ ﻣﺰﻋﺠﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﻣﻪ ﻓﺰﻋﺎ ﻳﻤﺴﺢ ﻟﻌﺎﺑﻪ ﺍﻟﺬ￯ ﺳﺎﻝ ﻋﲆ ﺟﺎﻧﺒﻰ ﻓﻤﻪ ﺛﻢ‬ ￯‫ — ﻳﻨﺎﻡ ﻣﺮﺓ ﺃﺧﺮ‬He started to snore noisily, but

932

new work?

were not issued

92 | 4297 |

72 | 5477 |

94

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

933

‫ ﹶﻋﺸﺎﻥ‬and ‫( ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠﺸﺎﻥ‬Egy.Lev.Gul.) conj. because, in order to; prep. for the sake of; (from ‫)ﻋﲆ ﺷﺄﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻩ ﺃﻧﺎ ﻋﺎﻭﺯﻩ ﺭﺑﻊ ﺳﺎﻋﺔ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻷﻗﻞ ﻋﺸﺎﻥ ﺃﻋﻤﻞ ﻣﻜﻴﺎﺝ‬

‫ — ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻘﺪ‬He published scores of newspaper articles on literature, art, and criticism 84 | 4642 |

— I need a quarter hour, at least, to put on my make-up

940

49 | 7933 | +for +spo

934

‫ ﺩ ﹺ‬sign, clue, indication, ‫ ﹶﺩﻟﹺﻴﻞ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹺﺩ ﱠﻟﺔ‬, ß‫ﻻﺋﻞ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ evidence, proof (‫ ﻋﲆ‬of ); pl. ‫ ﹶﺃﺩ ﱠﻟﺔ‬guide,

social movements in the Zionist entity began

handbook

to clash with the academics about the Zionist

‫ ﺃﻟﻴﺲ ﻛﺬﻟﻚ‬،‫ﺍﳊﻔﺎﻅ ﻋﲆ ﺍﳌﻮﺍﻋﻴﺪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﻹﻳﲈﻥ ﻭﺍﳌﺮﻭﺀﺓ‬ ‫ — ﻳﺎ ﺃﺑﺎ ﻣﺮﻭﺍﻥ؟‬Keeping appointments is an

heritage 79 | 4882 |

evidence of faith and honor, isn’t that so, Abu Marwan?

935

941

broadcasting); stop, layover

‫ ﹶﺭ ﹾﻏ ﹶﺒﺔ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺭﻏﹶﺒﺎﺕ‬wish, desire ‫ﺣﺪﺙ ﻣﻨﺬ ﺃﻳﺎﻡ ﻣﻌﺪﻭﺩﺓ ﺃﻥ ﺷﻌﺮﺕ ﺑﺮﻏﺒﺔ ﰱ ﺍﳌﺸﻰ‬ ‫ ﻓﺨﺮﺟﺖ‬،‫ — ﻭﺣﺪ￯ ﻋﲆ ﺭﻏﻢ ﺍﻟﱪﺩ ﻭﺍﻟﻈﻼﻡ‬It

the desert in the evening and didn’t stop at

‫ﺃﺧﺬ ﺍﻟﻘﻄﺎﺭ ﻃﺮﻳﻘﻪ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺮﺍﺀ ﰱ ﺍﳌﺴﺎﺀ ﻓﻠﻢ ﻳﺘﻮﻗﻒ‬ ‫ﰱ ﺍﳌﺤﻄﺎﺕ ﻭﱂ ﻳﺼﺎﺩﻑ ﻋﲈﻻ ﺣﺘﻰ ﻭﺻﻞ ﺇﱃ ﻣﺮﺳﻰ‬ ‫ — ﻣﻄﺮﻭﺡ ﺑﻌﺪ ﻳﻮﻣﲔ‬The train made its way to

happened a few days ago that I felt a desire to

the stations and didn’t encounter any workers

walk by myself despite the cold and darkness,

until it arrived at Marsa Matruh two days later

so I went out

97 | 3999 |

‫ ﺗ ﹶﹶﻮ ﱠﻗ ﹶ‬v. V to stop, halt; to be dependent, ‫ﻒ‬ conditional ‫ ﻋﲆ‬on (sb’s will) ‫ﻃﻠﺒﺖ ﻣﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﲇ ﺍﻥ ﻧﺘﻮﻗﻒ ﰲ ﻭﺳﻂ ﺍﳌﺮﻛﺰ ﻟﻌﻞ ﺍﺣﺪ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳌﻮﻇﻔﲔ ﻳﻨﺘﺒﻪ ﻟﻮﺟﻮﺩﻧﺎ‬I requested from my

942

fifty billion dollars for war industries and

colleague that we stand still in the middle of

military operations

the center so perhaps one of the (center)

80 | 4803 |

95 | 4121 |

943

my mind

‫ ﻣﺘﻤﺘﻌﺎ ﺑﻤﺰﺍﻳﺎ ﺍﳊﻴﺎﺓ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻤﻮﻗﺮﺍﻃﻴﺔ‬،‫— ﻳﻌﻴﺶ ﰲ ﺳﻼﻡ‬ He lives in peace, enjoying the privileges of democratic life 78 | 4961 |

944

86 | 4520 |

‫ ﳌﹺﺎ‬prep.phr. to what, for what ‫ﻋﻨﺪﺋﺬ ﺍﻧﺘﺒﻪ ﺟﻴﻒ ﳌﺎ ﳛﺪﺙ ﻭﺍﻧﺪﻓﻊ ﻧﺤﻮ ﺭﺃﻓﺖ ﻟﻴﻤﺴﻚ‬ ‫ — ﺑﻪ‬At that point Jeff paid attention to what

the Iranians and their followers a historic opportunity to accomplish these goals 71 | 5424 |

grab him

939

‫ ﹸﺻ ﹸﺤ ﹺﻔ ﹼﻲ‬adj. journalistic, press; n. journalist,

reporter

‫ﻧﴩ ﻋﴩﺍﺕ ﺍﳌﻘﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻔﻴﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻻﺩﺏ ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻦ‬

‫ ﺇﹺﻳﺮﺍﻧﹺ ﹼﻲ‬n./adj. pl. -uun Iranian ‫ﻗﺎﻟﻮﺍ ﺍﻥ ﺍﳊﺮﺏ ﺍﻻﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴﻪ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺍﻕ ﻣﻨﺤﺖ ﺍﻻﻳﺮﺍﻧﻴﲔ‬ ‫— ﻭﺍﺗﺒﺎﻋﻬﻢ ﻓﺮﺻﻪ ﺗﺎﺭﳜﻴﻪ ﻟﺘﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﻻﻫﺪﺍﻑ‬ They said that the American war on Iraq gave

was happening and he rushed toward Ra’fat to 89 | 4361 |

‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﻳﻤﻘﺮﺍﻃﹺ ﹼﻲ‬ ‫ ﺩ ﹸ‬and ‫ﻳﻤﻮﻗﺮﺍﻃ ﹼﻲ‬ ‫ ﺩ ﹸ‬adj. democratic; n. pl. -uun democrat; Democrat

‫ ﻗﺎﺋﹺﻢ‬a.p. carrying out ‫( ﺏ‬task, activity); playing ‫( ﺏ‬a role); adj. ongoing, present; standing ‫ﻛﺘﺒﺖ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻘﺼﺔ ﺑﻨﺎﺀ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻮﺭ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺋﻢ ﰲ ﺫﻫﻨﻲ‬ ‫ — ﳌﻴﺪﺍﻥ ﺭﻣﺴﻴﺲ‬I wrote this story based on the image of Ramses Square that exists in

938

‫ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻠﻴﺎﺭ‬num. pl. -aat billion (Fr. milliard) ‫ ﲬﺴﲔ ﻣﻠﻴﺎﺭ‬،‫ﻭﺿﻌﺖ ﺃﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺃﻛﱪ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻧﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﺤﺮﺏ‬ ‫— ﺩﻭﻻﺭ ﻟﻠﺼﻨﺎﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﳊﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﺴﻜﺮﻳﺔ‬ America passed the biggest budget for the war,

employees would become aware of our existence

937

‫ ﹶﻣ ﹶﺤ ﱠﻄﺔ‬n. pl. -aat station (gas, electrical power,

96 | 4078 |

98 | 3997 |

936

‫ ﹶﺻ ﹾﻬ ﹸﻴﻮﻧﹺ ﹼﻲ‬n./adj. Zionist ‫ﻭﺑﺪﺃﺕ ﺍﳊﺮﻛﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻨﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﳊﺮﻛﺎﺕ ﺍﻻﺟﺘﲈﻋﻴﺔ ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﺼﻬﻴﻮﲏ ﺗﺼﻄﺪﻡ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻷﻛﺎﺩﻳﻤﻴﲔ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺗﺮﺍﺙ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺼﻬﻴﻮﻧﻴﺔ‬The religious movements and the

945

‫ ﺇﹺ ﹾﺻﻼﺡ‬n. pl. -aat reform, restoration; ‫ﺇﹺ ﹾﺻﻼﺣﺎﺕ‬ corrections, amendments

‫ — ﺧﻠﻴﻚ ﰱ ﺣﺎﻟﻚ ﻭﻻ ﲢﺎﻭﻝ ﺇﺻﻼﺡ ﺍﻟﻜﻮﻥ‬Stay as you are and don’t try to reform the world 87 | 4424 |

Frequency index

946

‫ ﹶﺃﺩﺍﺀ‬n. performance, execution; rendering,

953

carrying out; fulfillment, satisfaction

material duty towards them, like guaranteeing

‫ﺃﺩﺭﻛﺖ ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺒﻨﻚ ﻣﺪ￯ ﺍﳊﺎﺟﺔ ﺇﱃ ﺗﻘﺪﻳﻢ ﳎﻤﻮﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﻣﻠﺔ ﻭﻣﺘﻜﺎﻣﻠﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳋﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﴫﻓﻴﺔ ﻟﻸﻓﺮﺍﺩ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺍﻟﴩﻛﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﳌﺆﺳﺴﺎﺕ ﻭﻓﻘﺎ ﻷﺣﻜﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﴩﻳﻌﺔ‬The

medicine, bread, and education

bank administration realized the extent of the

88 | 4402 |

need to offer a complete and comprehensive group of banking services to individuals and

‫ ﹶﺷ ﹾﻌﺮ‬coll.n. hair, un.n. ‫ ﹶﺷ ﹾﻌ ﹶﺮﺓ‬, pl. ‫( ﹸﺷ ﹸﻌﻮﺭ‬rare) ،‫ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺍﻻﺧﺘﺼﺎﺻﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ ﻋﺠﻮﺯﺍ ﺃﺷﺒﻪ ﺑﺠﺪﺓ ﻃﻴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺷﻌﺮﻫﺎ ﺃﺑﻴﺾ ﲤﺎﻣﺎ ﻭﻗﺼﲑ ﻳﻨﺴﺎﺏ ﻋﲆ ﺟﺎﻧﺒﻲ ﺭﺃﺳﻬﺎ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺼﻐﲑ‬The psychological specialist was an

companies and establishments according to Islamic rulings 94 | 4050 |

flowing down the sides of her small head

‫ ﻧ ﹶﹶﺠ ﹶﺢ‬v. I (a) to succeed ‫ﻟﻘﺪ ﺍﻧﺘﻬﻰ ﺍﻟﻘﺘﺎﻝ ﻣﻊ ﳖﺎﻳﺔ ﻧﻮﻓﻤﱪ ﻭﱂ ﻳﻨﺠﺢ ﺭﻭﻣﻴﻞ ﰱ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻴﻼﺀ ﻋﲆ ﻃﱪﻕ ﻟﻜﻨﻪ ﺃﻭﻗﻊ ﺑﺎﳊﻠﻔﺎﺀ ﺧﺴﺎﺋﺮ ﻛﺒﲑﺓ‬

93 | 4154 |

— The fighting ended at the end of November

older woman, something like a kind grandmother;

954

her hair was completely white and short,

948

and Rommel did not succeed in taking control of

‫ ﹶﻧ ﹾﻔﻂ‬and ‫ ﻧﹺ ﹾﻔﻂ‬n. petroleum, (mineral) oil ‫ ﻣﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺑﺮﻣﻴﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻂ ﺍﳋﺎﻡ‬٤ ‫ﻫﻲ ﺗﻨﺘﺞ ﰲ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ‬ ‫ — ﻳﻮﻣﻴﺎ‬It produces in the range of 4 million barrels of crude oil a day

Tabruk, but he did cause huge losses for the Allies 98 | 3891 |

955

82 | 4684 |

949

‫ ﺻﺎﻟﹺﺢ‬n. advantage, interest; adj. suitable,

of Mustafa Odah Pasha in Al-Futuh Street in

‫ﺑﻌﺪ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﻳﺼﺒﺢ ﺍﻟﻌﺼﲑ ﺻﺎﳊﺎ ﻟﻼﺳﺘﻬﻼﻙ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺍﳊﻔﻆ‬After this operation the juice

Al-Gumruk 98 | 3911 |

becomes suitable for consumption and preservation

956

‫ ﹸﺳ ﹾﻠﻄﺎﻥ‬n. Sultan; power, authority (‫ ﻋﲆ‬over) ‫ﺃﻋﻴﺪ ﻓﺘﺢ ﺍﳉﺎﻣﻊ ﻟﻠﻌﺒﺎﺩﺓ ﰲ ﻋﻬﺪ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻄﺎﻥ ﺳﻠﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺚ‬

‫ﺃﻛﺪﺕ ﻟﻪ ﺃﻧﻨﻰ ﻋﻤﻠﺖ ﺳﻜﺮﺗﲑﺓ ﺗﻨﻔﻴﺬﻳﺔ ﻟﺴﻨﻮﺍﺕ ﻭﺃﻥ‬ ‫ ﻟﻜﻨﻪ ﴏﻓﻨﻰ ﺑﺈﺷﺎﺭﺓ ﻣﻦ ﻳﺪﻩ‬..‫ﻣﻌﻰ ﺷﻬﺎﺩﺍﺕ ﺧﱪﺓ‬ ‫ — ﻭﻛﺄﻧﻨﻰ ﺧﺎﺩﻣﺔ‬I assured him that I worked as

— The mosque was reopened for worship

an executive secretary for years and that I had

during the era of Sultan Selim III

(professional) experience certificates...but he

95 | 4015 |

dismissed me with a flick of his hand, as if I

‫ ﻣﺎ‬rel.pron. (in apposition, after indef. noun) a certain, some, any; ‫ﺣﺪﱟ ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ ﺇﱃ ﹶ‬to a certain extent; ‫ ﻧ ﹾﹶﻮﻋ ﹰﺎ ﻣﺎ‬somewhat ‫ﻣﺪﺕ ﺫﺭﺍﻋﻴﻬﺎ ﺟﺎﻧﺒﺎ ﻭﻛﺄﳖﺎ ﺗﺘﺄﻫﺐ ﻻﺣﺘﻀﺎﻥ ﺷﺨﺺ‬ ‫ — ﻣﺎ‬She stretched out her arms to the sides as if she were about to embrace some person 72 | 5345 |

952

‫ ﹶﺷﻬﺎ ﹶﺩﺓ‬n. pl. -aat certificate, degree; testimony, witness

90 | 4284 |

951

‫ ) ﹶﻳ ﹾﻮﻡ( ﹸ‬Friday ‫ ﹸﺟ ﹾﻤ ﹶﻌﺔ‬n. ‫ﺍﳉ ﹾﻤ ﹶﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻡ ﺻﲆ ﺍﳌﻠﻚ ﻓﺎﺭﻭﻕ ﺻﻼﺓ ﺍﳉﻤﻌﺔ ﰱ ﻣﺴﺠﺪ‬ ‫ — ﻣﺼﻄﻔﻰ ﺃﻭﺩﺓ ﺑﺎﺷﺎ ﺑﺸﺎﺭﻉ ﺍﻟﻔﺘﻮﺡ ﺑﺎﳉﻤﺮﻙ‬Today King Farouq prayed Friday prayer in the mosque

applicable; pious, upright, righteous

950

‫ ﹺ‬adj. comprehensive, thorough; extensive, ‫ﺷﺎﻣﻞ‬ sweeping, global; full, complete

‫ﱂ ﺃﺳﺘﻄﻊ ﺃﺩﺍﺀ ﻭﺍﺟﺒﻲ ﺍﳌﺎﺩﻱ ﲡﺎﻫﻬﻢ ﻛﺘﺄﻣﲔ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺍﳋﺒﺰ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ‬I wasn’t able to perform my

947

95

‫ ﺗﹶﻐﹶ ﱠﻴ ﹶﺮ‬v. V to change, be modified ‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﻭﺟﻬﻬﺎ ﺍﳉﻤﻴﻞ ﺗﺘﻐﲑ ﺗﻌﺒﲑﺍﺗﻪ ﺃﺣﻴﺎﻧﺎ ﻋﲆ ﻧﺤﻮ‬ ‫ — ﻏﺎﻣﺾ‬The expressions of her beautiful face

were a servant 98 | 3904 |

957

‫ ﹺ‬adj. belonging ‫ ﻝ‬to; attached ‫ ﻝ‬to, ‫ﺗﺎﺑﻊ‬ ‫ ﻝ‬with; n. pl. -uun adherent, follower; ‫ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺑﻌﻮﻥ‬contemporaries of the

associated

Prophet Muhammad

‫ ﻣﻌﻠﻨﺔ ﺍﻥ ﲡﺎﺭﺗﻪ‬،‫ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺕ ﺍﳊﻜﻮﻣﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﻦ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﺳﻮﺍﻕ‬ ‫ — ﺳﺘﻜﻮﻥ ﺗﺎﺑﻌﺔ ﻟﻠﺤﻜﻮﻣﺔ ﻧﻔﺴﻬﺎ ﻟﺘﺰﻭﻳﺪ ﺍﳉﻴﻮﺵ‬The government seized the coffee beans from the market, announcing that trade in coffee beans would be handled by the government itself, in

changed occasionally in a mysterious way

order to supply the armies

99 | 3855 |

94 | 4036 |

96

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

958

‫ ﹺﺧﻼﻑ‬n. pl. -aat dispute, conflict; ‫ﺍﻟﺮ ﹾﺃ ﹺ‬ disagreement, difference (‫ﻱ‬ ‫ ﰲ ﱠ‬of opinion) ‫ ﻧﺴﻴﺖ ﻣﺸﺎﻛﻠﻬﲈ ﻭﺍﺗﻔﺎﻗﻬﲈ‬،‫ﱂ ﺗﻌﺪ ﺗﺘﺬﻛﺮ ﺍﳋﻼﻑ ﺑﻴﻨﻬﲈ‬ ‫ — ﻋﲆ ﺍﻟﻄﻼﻕ‬She no longer remembered the

962

extent, degree; scope, range

‫ﺍﺳﺘﻄﺎﻉ ﺃﻥ ﳞﺮﺏ ﺑﻤﺒﻠﻎ ﻣﺎﱄ ﻛﺒﲑ ﺑﺪﺃ ﺑﻪ ﺣﻴﺎﺗﻪ ﺍﳉﺪﻳﺪﺓ‬ — He was able to escape with a large amount

disagreement between them, she forgot their

of money with which he began his new life

problems and their agreement to divorce

97 | 3913 |

96 | 3966 |

959

963

‫ ﺍﹺ ﹾﺧﺘﹺﻴﺎﺭ‬n. choice, selection; election; preference

‫ﺍﳌﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻲ ﻳﻌﺘﻤﺪ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻟﺘﻠﻔﺰﻳﻮﻥ ﰲ‬ ‫ ﻭﺻﻮﻻ ﺇﱃ‬،‫ﺗﻜﻮﻳﻦ ﺁﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺑﺪﺀﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭﻩ ﻟﻠﻄﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ — ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭﻩ ﻟﻠﺮﺃﻱ‬American society relies

build, tall and lean, with white hair, parted in

on television to form its opinions, all the

the middle

way from choosing foods to choosing

89 | 4224 |

964

89 | 4296 |

961

‫ ﹶﺟ ﹶﺴﺪ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺟﺴﺎﺩ‬body ‫ ﺟﺴﺪﻩ‬،‫ﻭﻗﻒ ﻭﺳﻂ ﺍﳊﺠﺮﺓ ﺭﺟﻞ ﻣﴫ￯ ﻳﻨﺎﻫﺰ ﺍﻟﺴﺘﲔ‬ ‫ ﻭﺷﻌﺮﻩ ﺃﺑﻴﺾ ﻣﻔﺮﻭﻕ ﻣﻦ‬،‫ﺭﻳﺎﴇ ﻓﺎﺭﻉ ﳑﺸﻮﻕ‬ ‫ — ﻣﻨﺘﺼﻒ ﺍﻟﺮﺃﺱ‬In the middle of the room stood an Egyptian man, around sixty, of athletic

opinions

960

‫ ﹶﻣ ﹾﺒ ﹶﻠﻎ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﻣﺒﺎﻟﹺﻎ‬amount, sum (of money);

￯‫ ﹺﺫﻛ ﹶﹾﺮ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹺﺫﻛ ﹶﹾﺮﻳﺎﺕ‬remembrance, memory; ‫ﹺ‬ anniversary; ‫ ﺫﻛ ﹶﹾﺮﻳﺎﺕ‬memoirs, diary ‫— ﻃﺎﺭﺕ ﲠﺎ ﺍﻟﺬﻛﺮﻳﺎﺕ ﺇﱃ ﻣﻨﺰﳍﺎ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺮﻳﺎﺽ‬

‫ ﹶﺭﺟﺎ‬v. I (u) to hope for sth; to request sth ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ from sb; ‫ﺟﻰ ﺍﻻﺗﱢﺼﺎﻝ ﺑﹺـ‬ ‫( ﹸﻳ ﹾﺮ ﹶ‬would you) please contact; ‫ﺟﻮﻙ‬ ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺭ ﹸ‬please! ‫ ﺃﻧﺎ ﰱ ﺍﳊﻘﻴﻘﺔ ﺷﺎﻋﺮ‬..‫— ﺃﺭﺟﻮ ﺃﻻ ﺗﺴﺘﻐﺮﺏ ﺇﺟﺎﺑﺘﻲ‬ I hope that my answer will not surprise you...

Memories took her back to her house in Riyadh

I am, in fact, a poet

95 | 4001 |

86 | 4383 | +for

‫ ﹶﺯ ﹾﻳﻦ‬adj. beautiful, lovely, pretty, charming;

(Irq.Gul.) /zeen/ adj. pl. -iin good, fine,

965

‫ ـﺶ‬part. (Dia. suffix, negative marker) not; ‫ﻣﺎﻋ ﹶﹾﺮ ﹾﻓﺶ‬/‫ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻌ ﹶﺮﻓﹺﺶ‬I don’t know; ‫ ﻣﺎ ﻛﺎﻧﺶ‬he/it

okay

wasn’t

– Praise God, (we’re) doing fine. What’s new? –

I haven’t slept since the moment I got off

‫ ﺷﻨﻮ ﻋﻠﻮﻣﻜﻢ؟‬.‫ ﺯﻳﻨﲔ‬،‫ ﺍﳊﻤﺪ ﷲ‬- ‫ ﻛﻴﻒ ﺣﺎﻟﻚ؟‬،‫ﺃﻟﻮ‬ ‫ ﺯﻳﻨﲔ‬،‫ ﺍﷲ ﻳﺴﻠﻤﻚ‬،‫ — ﺯﻳﻨﲔ‬Hello, how are you?

‫ ﻣﺎﻧﻤﺘﺶ ﻣﻦ ﺳﺎﻋﺔ ﻣﺎ ﻧﺰﻟﺖ ﻣﻦ‬..‫ ﻣﺎﻧﻤﺘﺶ‬..‫ﻣﺎ ﺑﺎﻧﺎﻣﺶ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻄﻴﺎﺭﺓ‬I can’t sleep...I haven’t slept...

(We’re) fine, thanks, fine

the plane

71 | 5343 | +spo

67 | 5610 | +spo

13 Colors 498 564 682 927 987 1692 1754 2099 2577 3322 3515

‫ﻟﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﺑﻴﺾ‬ ‫ﺃﺳﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﲪﺮ‬ ‫ﺃﺧﴬ‬ ‫ﺫﻫﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺃﺯﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﺃﺻﻔﺮ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﺗﺢ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﹼ‬

color

3522

white

3703

black

4164

red

4452

green

5010

golden

5353

blue

5782

yellow

6518

clear

6629

blackness

6834

rose-colored

6962

‫ﻣﻠﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺎﺽ‬ ‫ﺑﻨ ﹼﹼﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﺳﻤﺮ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻓﺖ‬ ‫ﺭﻣﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺗﺄ ﹼﻟﻖ‬ ‫ﹼﻟﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﲪﺮ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻟﻚ‬ ‫ﺷﻘﺮ‬

beige

7759

‫ﺑﻴﺞ‬ ‫ﺧﴬ‬ ‫ﺻﻔﺮ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﺋﻞ‬ ‫ﺃﺷﻘﺮ‬ ‫ﻓﲑﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﺻﻔﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﺑﻠﻖ‬

7967

‫ﺍﺳﻮ ﹼﺩ‬

to become

colored

7075

whiteness

7116

brown

7286

brown-skinned

7392

light

7571

ashen, gray

7574

to sparkle

7682

to colorize to turn red dark blond

green brass dusky, pale blond turquoise yellowness black and white black

Frequency index

966

‫ ﻛﹺﺘﺎ ﹶﺑﺔ‬n. pl. -aat writing; script; essay, piece

973

of writing

‫ ﻭﳌﺎ ﻋﺠﺰ ﻋﻦ‬،‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﳘﻨﺠﻮﺍ￯ ﺃﻫﻢ ﺭﻭﺍﺋﻲ ﰱ ﻋﴫﻩ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺑﺔ ﺍﻧﺘﺤﺮ‬Hemingway was the most

would annihilate it with a thousand planes a day 88 | 4225 |

became incapable of writing, he committed 974

‫ﻛﻠﲈ ﺯﺍﺩﺕ ﻓﱰﺓ ﺍﻟﺮﺿﺎﻋﺔ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﻌﻴﺔ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺋﺪﺓ ﺍﻛﱪ‬

‫ ﺇﹺﻧﹾﺸﺎﺀ‬vn. establishing, setting up, founding; ‫ ﺇﻧﺸﺎﺀ ﺍﷲ‬substandard spelling of ‫ﺇﻥ ﺷﺎﺀ ﺍﷲ‬ ‫— ﺗﻌﻤﺪﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻄﺎﺕ ﺇﻧﺸﺎﺀ ﺍﳌﺴﺎﻛﻦ ﺍﻟﺮﺧﻴﺼﺔ ﻟﻠﻔﻘﺮﺍﺀ‬

— The longer natural nursing lasts, the greater the benefit 89 | 4144 |

The authorities were determined to build houses for the poor

968

975

pl. ‫ ﹸﺩ ﹸﻣﻮﻉ‬tears, teardrops

‫ ﹶﺳ ﱢﻴﺪﹶ ﺓ‬n. pl. -aat lady ‫ﻗﺪﻣﺖ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺪﺓ ﻋﺰﻳﺰﺓ ﺃﻣﲑ ﺍﻟﺸﻜﺮ ﻟﻠﺸﻌﺐ ﺍﳌﴫ￯ ﻋﲆ‬ ‫— ﺻﻔﺤﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻒ ﻟﺘﺸﺠﻴﻌﻪ ﻟﻔﻴﻠﻤﻬﺎ ﺍﳉﺪﻳﺪ‬

in tears, and he was overcome by sympathy for

Mrs Aziza Amir offered thanks to the Egyptian

84 | 4377 | +lit

encouragement of her new film

‫ﺗﻄﻠﻌﺖ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﺑﻌﻴﻨﲔ ﻣﻐﺮﻭﺭﻗﺘﲔ ﺑﺎﻟﺪﻣﻮﻉ ﻓﻐﻤﺮﻩ ﺍﻹﺷﻔﺎﻕ‬ ‫ — ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬She looked at him with eyes drowning her

976

‫ ﺍﹺ ﹾﻗﺘﹺﺼﺎﺩ‬n. economy; saving ‫ — ﳌﺎﺫﺍ ﻻ ﻧﺒﻨﻲ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺍﻷﻣﺔ ﻭﻧﻌﻴﺪ ﳎﺪﻫﺎ ﺍﻟﻐﺎﺑﺮ؟‬Why

‫ﻟﻘﺪ ﺧﻠﻖ ﺍﷲ ﻟﻨﺎ ﺍﻷﺭﺯﺍﻕ ﰲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﻗﺪﺭ ﻣﺎ ﻳﻜﻔﻴﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﲨﻴﻌﺎ ﻓﻨﻌﻴﺶ ﲨﻴﻌﺎ ﺳﻌﺪﺍﺀ ﻛﲈ ﺧﻠﻖ ﺍﳍﻮﺍﺀ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻮﺭ‬ ‫ — ﺑﺎﻟﻀﺒﻂ‬God created sustenance for us on

don’t we build the economy of the nation and

this earth to the extent that suffices us all, so

restore its past glory?

we all live happily just as He created the air and

88 | 4227 |

light exactly

‫ ﹶﻣ ﹺ‬battle, campaign ‫ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻌ ﹶﺮﻛﹶﺔ‬n. pl. ‫ﻌﺎﺭﻙ‬ ‫ﺣﻞ ﻣﻮﻋﺪ ﻧﻮﻡ ﻣﻮﻧﺘﺠﻤﺮ￯ ﻓﺪﺧﻞ ﺇﱃ ﻣﻜﻤﻨﻪ ﻣﻄﻤﺌﻨﺎ‬ ‫— ﻭﻧﺎﻡ ﺑﻴﻨﲈ ﻇﻞ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﱂ ﻛﻠﻪ ﻳﻘﻈﺎ ﻳﻨﺘﻈﺮ ﺍﳌﻌﺮﻛﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺻﻠﺔ‬

96 | 3827 |

entered into his chamber confidently and went

‫ ﹸﻗ ﹾﺮﺏ‬n. proximity, nearness; ‫ ﹸﻗ ﹾﺮ ﹶﺏ‬and ‫ ﺑﹺ ﹸﻘ ﹾﺮ ﹺ‬near, near to ‫ ﺑﹺﺎﻟ ﹸﻘ ﹾﺮ ﹺ‬and ‫ﺏ‬ ‫ﺏ ﹺﻣﻦ‬ ‫ ﻭ ﺃﻭﺻﻠﻪ ﺍﱃ ﻣﻜﺎﻧﻪ ﻗﺮﺏ‬،‫ﺭﺍﺡ ﻳﺪﻓﻊ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻌﻴﺪﺍ ﻋﻨﻪ‬ ‫ ﻭﺍﺟﻠﺴﻪ‬،‫ — ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺏ‬He started to push him away

to sleep while the whole world stayed awake

from him, and he got him to his place near the

waiting for the decisive battle

door, and sat him down

92 | 4030 |

94 | 3891 |

977

Montgomery’s time to sleep had come, so he

971

‫ﺑﺎﺭ ﹶﻙ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬v. III to bless ‫ ﰲ‬sb (of God); to send blessings ‫ ﻋﲆ‬upon (of God, usu. on the Prophet) ‫ — ﺍﷲ ﻳﺒﺎﺭﻙ ﻓﻴﺞ ﻭﳛﻔﻈﺞ ﺇﻥ ﺷﺎﺀ ﺍﷲ‬May God

978

94 | 3914 |

90 | 4141 | +for

‫ ﹶﺭ ﹾﺣ ﹶﻤﺔ‬n. mercy, compassion ‫— ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﻧﻌﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﴩﻳﺔ ﻭﻫﻮ ﻳﺪﻋﻮ ﻟﻠﺤﺐ ﻭﺍﻟﺮﲪﺔ‬

‫ ﻣ ﹺ‬season, festival ‫ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻮ ﹺﺳﻢ‬n. pl. ‫ﻮﺍﺳﻢ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ — ﻛﻨﺎ ﰲ ﺑﺪﺍﻳﺔ ﺍﳌﻮﺳﻢ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﳼ‬We were at the beginning of the academic season

bless you and protect you, I hope

972

‫ ﹶﻛ ﹶﻔﻰ‬v. I (i) to be enough, be sufficient (for sth/sb)

89 | 4204 |

970

‫ ﹶﺩ ﹾﻣﻊ‬coll.n. tears, un.n. ‫ ﹶﺩ ﹾﻣ ﹶﻌﺔ‬teardrop,

84 | 4444 |

people on the pages of newspapers for their

969

‫ ﹸﻛ ﱠﻠﲈ‬conj. (with perf. verb) whenever; the more (this)...the more (that)

88 | 4267 |

967

‫ ﻃﺎﺋﹺ ﹶﺮﺓ‬n. pl. -aat aircraft, airplane ‫ﻫﺪﺩ ﻫﺘﻠﺮ ﺇﻧﺠﻠﱰﺍ ﺑﺄﻧﻪ ﺳﻴﻘﴣ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﺑﺄﻟﻒ ﻃﺎﺋﺮﺓ ﻛﻞ ﻳﻮﻡ‬ — Hitler threatened England (by saying) that he

important novelist of his age, and when he suicide

97

979

‫ ﻣﺎﻟﹺ ﹼﻲ‬adj. financial, monetary, fiscal ‫ﻫﻮ ﻣﺴﺆﻭﻝ ﻋﻦ ﺃﻛﱪ ﻓﻀﻴﺤﺔ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﰲ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺍﻟﻮﻻﻳﺎﺕ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳌﺘﺤﺪﺓ‬He is responsible for the biggest

Religion is a blessing for mankind, calling for

financial scandal in the history of the United

love and mercy

States

98 | 3796 |

92 | 3972 |

98

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

980

‫ ﹶﳖﺎﺭ‬n. daytime, day; ‫ ﹶﳖﺎﺭ ﹰﺍ‬by day, during

‫ ﻻ ﺑﺪ ﻟﻨﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻈﻴﻢ‬،‫ﻟﻜﻲ ﻧﺴﺘﻄﻴﻊ ﺗﻄﺒﻴﻖ ﺧﻄﻄﻨﺎ ﺑﺪﻗﺔ‬

‫ ﺍﻟﺸﻮﺍﺭﻉ ﺧﺎﻭﻳﺔ‬،‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﺷﻜﻞ ﺍﳊﻰ ﳐﺘﻠﻔﺎ ﺃﺛﻨﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺎﺭ‬ ‫ — ﻭﻛﺄﳖﺎ ﻣﻬﺠﻮﺭﺓ‬The shape of the neighborhood

need to be organized

the day

— So we can carry out our plan in detail, we 86 | 4213 |

was different during the day, the streets were empty as if they were deserted

987

99 | 3717 |

981

‫ ﺗ ﹶﹶﻤﻜ ﹶﱠﻦ‬v. V to be able ‫ ﹺﻣﻦ‬to do sth ‫ﺳﺘﻈﻞ ﺣﺒﻴﺒﺘﻪ ﻣﺪ￯ ﺍﳊﻴﺎﺓ ﻭﻟﻦ ﺗﺘﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﻣﺮﺃﺓ ﺃﻳﺎ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ‬ ‫ — ﻣﻦ ﺍﺣﺘﻼﻝ ﻣﻜﺎﳖﺎ ﰲ ﻗﻠﺒﻪ‬She will remain his

passageways of the Green Line that used to divide (East) Beirut from (West) Beirut

beloved throughout life, and no woman, no

98 | 3670 |

matter who she is, shall be able to occupy her place in his heart

988

out (policy); exerting (pressure); n. pl. -aat

‫ ﺩﺍ ﹶﻡ‬v. I (u) to last, continue; to endure, persevere; ‫ ﻣﺎ ﺩﺍ ﹶﻡ‬as long as ‫ — ﻣﺎ ﺩﺍﻡ ﻳﻌﻤﻞ ﰱ ﺻﻤﺖ ﻓﻜﻞ ﺷﻰﺀ ﻋﲆ ﻣﺎ ﻳﺮﺍﻡ‬As

activity, practice, action

‫— ﻟﻴﺲ ﻫﻨﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻳﻤﻨﻊ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﺦ ﳏﻔﻮﻅ ﻣﻦ ﳑﺎﺭﺳﺔ ﺣﺮﻓﺘﻪ‬ There is no one here who is keeping Sheikh

long as he is working in silence, everything is as

Mahfouz from practicing his profession

it should be

85 | 4246 |

98 | 3752 |

983

‫ ﹶﻭ ﱠﺟ ﹶﻪ‬v. II to send, direct sth ‫ ﺇﱃ‬to ‫ﰱ ﳖﺎﻳﺔ ﺣﺪﻳﺜﻰ ﻛﻨﺖ ﺃﻭﺟﻪ ﻟﻜﻞ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﺳﺆﺍﻻ‬ ‫ ﻫﻞ ﺗﺮﻳﺪ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻔﻌﻞ ﺷﻴﺌﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺟﻞ ﺑﻼﺩﻙ؟‬:‫— ﻣﺒﺎﴍﺍ‬

989

be that small

them a direct question: Do you want to do

95 | 3768 |

90 | 4075 |

985

990

‫ ﹶﺟﻨﱠﺔ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹺﺟﻨﺎﻥ‬, ß‫ ﹶﺟﻨﹼﺎﺕ‬paradise; garden ‫ — ﺇﺫﻥ ﻓﺄﻧﺖ ﻻ ﺗﺆﻣﻦ ﺑﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺍﳉﻨﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺎﺭ‬Therefore

‫ ﹶﻭ ﹾﻓﺪ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﻭ ﹸﻓﻮﺩ‬delegation ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻘﺒﻞ ﺍﳌﻔﺘﻲ ﻗﺒﺎﲏ ﻭﻓﺪﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺍﲢﺎﺩ ﺍﳉﻤﻌﻴﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﳍﻴﺌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺍﻟﻔﺎﻋﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻻﺟﺘﲈﻋﻴﺔ‬The Mufti Qabbani welcomed a delegation from the Federation of

you don’t believe in the existence of heaven or hell

Social Associations, Organizations and Activities

94 | 3847 |

82 | 4355 | +news

‫ ﻛﺎ ﹶﺩ‬v. I (a) to almost (with imperf.) do sth ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾ‬do sth; (with neg.) ‫ ﹶﺣﺘﱠﻰ‬...‫ ﻣﺎ ﻛﺎ ﹶﺩ‬and or ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ ﹶﺣﺘﱠﻰ‬... ‫ ﹶﱂ ﹾ ﹶﻳﻜﹶﺪﹾ‬as soon as (this happened)...(that

991

‫ ﹶﻧ ﹾﻔ ﹺﺴ ﹼﻲ‬adj. mental, spiritual; psychological ‫ ﻣﺮﻳﻀﺔ ﻧﻔﺴﻴﺎ ﻭﺗﺘﻨﺎﻭﻝ ﺣﺒﻮﺑﺎ‬- ‫ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻴﺎﺫ ﺑﺎﷲ‬- ‫ﺇﳖﺎ‬ ‫ — ﻣﻬﺪﺋﺔ‬She is, God forbid, mentally ill and is

happened); no sooner had (this happened)...

taking tranquilizers

than (that happened)

97 | 3715 |

‫ ﺇﺫ ﻛﺪﺕ ﺃﻣﻮﺕ‬،‫ﴍﺑﺖ ﻛﻮﺏ ﺍﻟﻌﺼﲑ ﺩﻓﻌﺔ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﺓ‬ ‫ — ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﻄﺶ ﰲ ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﻟﻠﺤﻈﺔ‬I drank the cup

986

‫ ﹶﺻﺪﱠ ﹶﻕ‬v. II to believe sb/sth; to confirm, ratify ‫ ﻋﲆ‬sth ‫ﱂ ﻳﺼﺪﻕ ﺃﺣﺪ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﺪﻧﻴﺎ ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﻥ ﺗﻜﻮﻥ ﺻﻐﲑﺓ ﺇﱃ ﻫﺬﺍ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳊﺪ‬No one believed that the world could

At the end of my talk I directed to each of something for your country?

984

‫ ﹸﳑ ﹶﺎﺭ ﹶﺳﺔ‬vn. practice, pursuit (profession, hobby);

practicing, playing (sport); exercising, carrying

88 | 4171 |

982

‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺧ ﹶﴬ‬adj. fem. ‫ ﹶﺧ ﹾﴬﺍﺀ‬, pl. ‫ ﹸﺧ ﹾﴬ‬green; ‫ ﺍﳌﹺﻨﹾ ﹶﻄ ﹶﻘﺔ ﹶ‬the Green Zone ‫ﴬﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﳋ ﹾ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﴚ ﰲ ﳑﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﳋﻂ ﺍﻷﺧﴬ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻳﻔﺼﻞ‬ ‫ — ﺑﲑﻭﺕ ﻋﻦ ﺑﲑﻭﺕ‬We are walking in the

of juice in one gulp, since I was about to die

‫ ﹶﺗ ﹾﻘ ﹺﺪﻳﺮ‬vn. appreciation, gratitude; ‫ ﹶﺗ ﹾﻘ ﹺﺪﻳﺮ ﹰﺍ‬in appreciation (‫ ﻝ‬for); n. pl. -aat estimate,

of thirst at that moment

calculation; appraisal; (academic) level,

89 | 4069 |

performance

‫ ﹶﺗ ﹾﻄﺒﹺﻴﻖ‬n. implementation (plan, project,

992

‫— ﻧﻈﺮﺕ ﺃﻧﺎ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ ﺑﻜﺜﲑ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻹﻋﺠﺎﺏ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻘﺪﻳﺮ‬ I looked at her with a lot of admiration and

decision, strategy); application, enforcement

esteem

(law, regulation, standards)

87 | 4111 |

Frequency index

993

‫ ﹶﺧﻠﹺﻴﺞ‬n. gulf ‫ ﻭﺗﻔﺮﻕ‬،‫ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺃﻣﲑﺓ ﻗﺪ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﻠﺖ ﻣﻊ ﺯﻭﺟﻬﺎ ﰲ ﺍﳋﻠﻴﺞ‬ ‫— ﺃﻭﻻﺩﻫﺎ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺒﻼﺩ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻗﺒﻠﺖ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺪﺭﺳﻮﺍ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬

1001

Amira had worked with her husband in the

995

climbed the trees of the forbidden garden in the house of the supervisor

countries where they had been admitted for study

95 | 3691 |

‫ ﹶﻧ ﹾﻈ ﹶﺮﺓ‬n. pl. -aat look, glance, view ‫ — ﺭﺃ￯ ﰱ ﻧﻈﺮﺓ ﺃﻣﻬﺎ ﻟﺆﻣﺎ ﻭﴍﺍﻫﺔ‬In his mother’s

1002

participated in commenting on the

97 | 3687 |

ambassador’s lecture which had limited itself to

‫ ﹶﻋﻜﹾﺲ‬n. opposite, reverse, contrary ‫ﻗﺮﺭ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺼﻞ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻨﻴﻞ ﻭﻳﻤﺸﻰ ﻋﻜﺲ ﴎﻳﺎﻧﻪ ﺣﺘﻰ‬ ‫ — ﻳﺼﻞ ﺇﱃ ﺃﺳﻴﻮﻁ‬He decided to get to the

mentioning events and political developments 92 | 3824 |

1003

98 | 3626 |

‫ ﹶﻗ ﹺ‬poem, ode ‫ ﹶﻗ ﹺﺼﻴﺪﹶ ﺓ‬n. pl. ‫ﺼﺎﺋﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﻢ ﺗﻘﺪﻳﻢ ﻗﺼﻴﺪﺓ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﺓ ﻟﻜﻞ ﺷﺎﻋﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺮﺍﺀ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳌﺨﺘﺎﺭﻳﻦ‬One ode from each of the chosen

we live and practice repression

‫ ﺍﹺ ﹾﺳﺘﹺ ﹾﻘﺮﺍﺭ‬n. stability; setting down ‫ — ﳌﺎﺫﺍ ﱂ ﺗﻔﻜﺮ ﰲ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻘﺮﺍﺭ ﰲ ﺑﺮﻳﻄﺎﻧﻴﺎ؟‬Why

‫ ﹶ‬dem.pron. that, that (other) one; (Egy.) ‫ﺫﺍﻙ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻙ‬, fem. ‫( ; ﹺﺩﻳﻚ‬Irq.Gul.) ‫ﺫﺍﻙ‬, fem. (Irq.) ‫ﹺﺫﻳﭻ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ /dhiich/, (Gul.) ‫ﺫﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ ﻫﻲ ﺍﻟﻄﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﲡﻌﻞ ﺍﺑﻨﺘﻲ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺯﻭﺍﺟﻬﺎ ﺍﺑﻨﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﻳﻀﺎ؟ ﺇﻣﺎ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺘﻨﴫ ﻫﻮ ﻭﺇﻣﺎ ﺃﻥ ﻧﺪﺧﻞ ﻛﻠﻨﺎ ﰲ‬ ‫ ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﻭﺫﺍﻙ ﻣﺴﺘﺤﻴﻞ‬،‫ — ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ‬What is the way

didn’t you think about settling down in Britain?

to keep my daughter as my daughter even

89 | 3976 |

after her marriage? Either he converts to

1004

85 | 4188 |

998

Christianity, or we all enter into Islam; both

‫ ﺗ ﹾﹶﺸﻜﹺﻴﻞ‬n. formation, composition, constitution ‫ﻣﻨﺬ ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻡ ﺍﻻﻭﻝ ﻟﺘﺸﻜﻴﻞ ﺍﳊﻜﻮﻣﺔ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻫﻢ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻓﻬﺎ‬ ‫ — ﻣﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﻘﺮ ﻭﺯﻳﺎﺩﺓ ﻓﺮﺹ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻐﻴﻞ‬From the first day of the formation of the government,

of these are impossible 91 | 3833 |

1005

‫ ﻣ ﹺ‬appointed time or date; ‫ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻮ ﹺﻋﺪ‬n. pl. ‫ﻮﺍﻋﺪ‬ ‫ﹶ‬

one of its most important goals was to fight

deadline; appointment, engagement,

poverty and increase employment opportunities

commitment, rendezvous

‫ ﺃﻣﺎﻣﻪ ﺳﺎﻋﺎﺕ ﻗﻠﻴﻠﺔ‬..‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﻋﺔ ﺑﻠﻐﺖ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﺣﺪﺓ ﺻﺒﺎﺣﺎ‬ ‫ ﺩﺧﻞ ﲢﺖ ﺍﻟﻐﻄﺎﺀ ﻟﻴﻨﺎﻡ‬..‫ — ﻋﲆ ﻣﻮﻋﺪ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻴﻘﺎﻅ‬It

81 | 4379 |

999

‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﻳﻤﻘﺮﺍﻃﹺ ﱠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ ﺩ ﹸ‬and ‫ﻳﻤﻮﻗﺮﺍﻃ ﱠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ ﺩ ﹸ‬n. democracy ‫ﻧﺘﺤﺪﺙ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻤﻮﻗﺮﺍﻃﻴﺔ ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻨﺎ ﻧﻌﻴﺶ ﺍﻟﻘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ — ﻭﻧﲈﺭﺳﻪ‬We talk about democracy, but 83 | 4193 |

poets was presented

997

‫ ﹺﺫﻛﹾﺮ‬n. mention, citation; memory ‫ﺷﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻖ ﻋﲆ ﳏﺎﴐﺓ ﺍﻟﺴﻔﲑ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺍﻗﺘﴫﺕ‬ ‫ — ﻋﲆ ﺫﻛﺮ ﺍﻷﺣﺪﺍﺙ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻄﻮﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﻴﺔ‬I

gaze he saw miserliness and greed

Nile and walk upstream until he got to Assiut

996

‫ ﹶﺷ ﹶﺠﺮ‬coll.n. trees, un.n. ‫ ﹶﺷ ﹶﺠ ﹶﺮﺓ‬, pl. ‫ﹶﺃ ﹾﺷﺠﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻌﺐ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﴩﺍﺏ ﻭﺗﺴﻠﻖ ﺃﺷﺠﺎﺭ ﺍﳉﻨﻴﻨﺔ ﺍﳌﻤﻨﻮﻋﺔ ﰲ‬ ‫ — ﺑﻴﺖ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻇﺮ‬He played “sock soccer” and

Gulf, and her children were scattered throughout 94 | 3795 |

994

99

‫ ﹸﻣ ﹾﺴﺘ ﹺﹶﻤ ﹼﺮ‬adj. continuous, incessant; continuing ‫ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳌﻄﺮ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﻤﺮ ﻣﻨﺬ ﺃﻳﺎﻡ ﺳﻴﻨﻘﻄﻊ ﻣﻊ ﺑﺪﺍﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳉﺪﻳﺪ‬This rain that has continued for days

was now one o’clock in the morning...He had a few hours ahead of him before it was time to get up...He went under the covers to sleep

will end with the beginning of the new year

97 | 3593 |

96 | 3673 |

1000

‫ ﻛﺪﻩ‬and ‫ ﻛﺪﺍ‬/kida/ (Egy.) adv. thus, this way,

1006

‫ ﹶﺑﻐﹶﻰ‬v. I (i) to pursue, strive for sth; (Gul.) ‫ ﹶﺑﻐﹶﻰ‬, ß ‫( ﹺﻳ ﹾﺒﻐﹶﻰ‬frequent variant ‫ ﹺﻳﺒﹺﻲ‬/‫ ) ﹶﻳﺒﹺﻲ‬to want, need

like this

sth or to do sth

I wish all wives could be like that with their

Excuse me, I want to go finish my “body care”

husbands

(pedicure, manicure)

84 | 4188 | +for +spo

73 | 4786 |

‫— ﻧﻔﺴﻰ ﻛﻞ ﺍﻟﺰﻭﺟﺎﺕ ﻳﻜﻮﻧﻮﺍ ﻛﺪﻩ ﻣﻊ ﺍﺯﻭﺍﺟﻬﻢ‬

‫— ﻳﻼ ﻋﻦ ﺃﺫﻧﻜﻢ ﺃﺑﻐﻰ ﺍﺭﻭﺡ ﺍﻛﻤﻞ ﺍﻟﺒﻮﺩﻱ ﻛﲑ‬

100

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

1007

‫ﻭﺍﺟ ﹶﻪ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬v. III to face, be opposite sth;

1013

to confront sb

..‫ﺃﻣﺎﻣﻪ ﻋﺎﻣﺎﻥ ﻛﺎﻣﻼﻥ ﺣﺘﻰ ﻳﻮﺍﺟﻪ ﳊﻈﺔ ﺍﲣﺎﺫ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ — ﻓﻠﻴﻨﻬﻞ ﺍﻵﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺴﻌﺎﺩﺓ‬He has two full years

1008

The Palestinian issue headed the agenda

until he faces the moment he must make the

of the historic visit of His Majesty King

decision...so let him now drink from happiness

Abdallah II to Japan

89 | 3934 |

85 | 4053 |

‫ ﺿﺎﺑﹺﻂ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﺿ ﹼﺒﺎﻁ‬officer; pl. ‫ ﹶﺿﻮﺍﺑﹺﻂ‬controller,

1014

controlling device

money)

‫ ﻭﺍﳖﻤﺮﺕ‬،‫ﺗﻢ ﺇﻧﺸﺎﺀ ﻋﴩﺍﺕ ﺍﳌﻼﺟﺊ ﺍﻷﻫﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﱪﻋﺎﺕ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺟﻞ ﺗﻮﻓﲑ ﺍﻟﻄﻌﺎﻡ ﻭﺍﻟﺜﻴﺎﺏ ﻭﺍﻟﺮﻋﺎﻳﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻴﺔ ﻵﻻﻑ ﺍﻷﴎ ﺍﳌﴩﺩﺓ‬Dozens of

issued a decree banning the marriage of

domestic shelters were built, and contributions

Egyptian army officers who are of the rank of

flowed in to provide food and clothing and health

2nd Lieutenant, so that family burdens would

care for the thousands of homeless families

not distract them from military matters

83 | 4160 |

91 | 3796 |

‫ ﹺﺭ ﹾﺣ ﹶﻠﺔ‬n. pl. -aat trip, excursion; journey,

1015

voyage; career

— She changed metros, and got through the second stage of the trip, and when she

Amar to be their ambassador 86 | 4009 |

1016

‫ﻣﺎ ﺯﺍﻟﺖ ﻣﻮﺳﻴﻘﻰ ﺍﻟﺒﻮﺏ ﳏﻈﻮﺭﺓ ﻟﻜﻦ ﺍﻷﴎﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ ﻻ‬،‫ﲤﻠﻚ ﺟﻬﺎﺯ ﻛﻤﺒﻴﻮﺗﺮ ﲢﻤﻞ ﺍﳌﻮﺳﻴﻘﻰ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻹﻧﱰﻧﺖ‬ ‫ — ﺳﻴﲈ ﻣﻮﺳﻴﻘﻰ ﺍﻟﺒﻮﺏ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺭﺳﻴﺔ‬Pop music is still

99 | 3507 |

‫ ﹶﻣ ﹺ‬exhibit, exhibition, show ‫ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻌ ﹺﺮﺽ‬n. pl. ‫ﻌﺎﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻋﻴﻨﺎﻩ ﻭﺍﺳﻌﺘﺎﻥ ﻣﺴﺘﺪﻳﺮﺗﺎﻥ ﻣﻔﻌﻤﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﻟﺬﻛﺎﺀ ﻭﺍﳊﺰﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻛﺄﻧﻪ ﺧﺮﺝ ﻟﺘﻮﻩ ﻣﻦ ﺇﺣﺪ￯ ﻟﻮﺣﺎﺕ ﻣﻌﺮﺽ »ﻭﺟﻮﻩ‬ ‫ — »ﺍﻟﻔﻴﻮﻡ‬His eyes were wide and round, filled

banned but the family that owns a computer gets music from the Internet, particularly Persian pop music

with intelligence and sadness, as if he just Exhibition paintings

88 | 3888 |

1017

‫ﺍﳉﻤﻌﻴﺔ ﺗﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﺗﻄﺒﻴﻖ ﺃﺳﻠﻮﺏ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﺎﻙ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﺣﺪ‬ ‫ﻻﺻﺪﺍﺭ ﺗﺼﺎﺭﻳﺢ ﺍﳌﺰﺍﺭﻉ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻜﻴﺔ ﺗﻴﺴﲑﺍ ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳌﺴﺘﺜﻤﺮﻳﻦ‬The association is discussing

‫ ﹸﺟ ﹾﺮﺡ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﺟ ﹸﺮﻭﺡ‬, ß‫ ﹺﺟﺮﺍﺡ‬wound, injury ‫ ﻗﺘﲆ ﰲ ﺣﺎﺩﺙ ﳑﺎﺛﻞ‬٤ ‫ﺃﻛﺪﺕ ﺍﳌﺼﺎﺩﺭ ﺳﻘﻮﻁ‬ ‫ ﺷﺨﺼﺎ ﺑﺠﺮﻭﺡ ﳐﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬١٧ ‫— ﺍﺩ￯ ﺍﱃ ﺍﺻﺎﺑﺔ‬

the possibility of putting into effect the “single

The sources confirmed four dead in a similar

window” style to issue its fish farm permits,

incident which led to 17 injured with various

to facilitate matters for investors

wounds

93 | 3701 |

89 | 3874 |

1012

‫ ﹸﺃ ﹾﺳ ﹸﻠﻮﺏ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃﺳﺎﻟﹺﻴﺐ‬style, manner, way; method, device

95 | 3629 |

1011

‫ ﻛﻤﺒﻴﻮﺗﺮ‬and ‫ ﻛﻮﻣﺒﻴﻮﺗﺮ‬/kumbyuutar/ n. computer

left the station, she had to walk a little

came out of one of the Fayoum Portraits

‫ ﹶﺳ ﹺﻔﲑ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﺳ ﹶﻔﺮﺍﺀ‬ambassador ‫— ﺍﻟﻔﻠﺴﻄﻴﻨﻴﻮﻥ ﺃﻳﻨﲈ ﻫﻢ ﻳﻌﺘﱪﻭﻥ ﻋﲈﺭﺍ ﺳﻔﲑﺍ ﳍﻢ‬ The Palestinians wherever they are consider

،‫ﻏﲑﺕ ﺍﳌﱰﻭ ﻭﻗﻄﻌﺖ ﺍﳌﺮﺣﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺮﺣﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﺧﺮﺟﺖ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﺤﻄﺔ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﺃﻥ ﲤﴚ ﻗﻠﻴﻼ‬

1010

‫ ﺗ ﹾﹶﻮﻓﹺﲑ‬n. providing, furnishing; fulfillment (conditions, requirements); saving (time,

‫ﺃﺻﺪﺭ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺍﻟﺪﻓﺎﻉ ﺍﻟﻮﻃﻨﻰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺍ ﺑﺤﻈﺮ ﺍﻟﺰﻭﺍﺝ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ ﺿﺒﺎﻁ ﺍﳉﻴﺶ ﺍﳌﴫ￯ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻫﻢ ﰱ ﺭﺗﺒﺔ ﺍﳌﻼﺯﻡ‬ ‫ ﺣﺘﻰ ﻻ ﺗﺸﻐﻠﻬﻢ ﺍﻷﻋﺒﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺋﻠﻴﺔ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﺸﺌﻮﻥ‬،‫ﺛﺎﻥ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻌﺴﻜﺮﻳﺔ‬The Minister of National Defense

1009

‫ ﹺ‬adj. historical ‫ﺗﺎﺭ ﹺﳜ ﹼﻲ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﺪﺭﺕ ﺍﻟﻘﻀﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﻠﺴﻄﻴﻨﻴﺔ ﺟﺪﻭﻝ ﺃﻋﲈﻝ ﺍﻟﺰﻳﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫— ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﳜﻴﺔ ﳉﻼﻟﺔ ﺍﳌﻠﻚ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﷲ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﲏ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻴﺎﺑﺎﻥ‬

‫ ﹺ‬adj. fifth (ordinal) ‫ﺧﺎﻣﺲ‬ ‫ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﻋﺔ ﺍﳋﺎﻣﺴﺔ ﻣﺴﺎﺀ ﺳﺄﻧﺘﻈﺮﻙ ﰱ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻌﻨﻮﺍﻥ‬..‫ﻏﺪﺍ‬

1018

‫ﻱ‬ ‫ ﹶﺩ ﹾﻭ ﹺﺭ ﹼ‬n. pl. -aat (sports) league, tournament; adj. regular, periodic, intermittent, cyclical; circulatory

— Tomorrow, at five o’clock in the evening,

‫ — ﺍﻗﻮﻡ ﺑﺘﻔﻘﺪ ﳏﺎﱄ ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﺩﻭﺭﻱ‬I visit my shops

I will wait for you at this address

on a regular basis

99 | 3477 |

83 | 4115 |

Frequency index

1019

1020

‫ ﻧ ﹾﹶﺠﻢ‬n. pl. ‫ ﻧ ﹸﹸﺠﻮﻡ‬star, constellation; celebrity ‫ﻭﺗﺮﻗﻰ ﻭﻳﺴﲇ ﻛﻼﺭﻙ ﰲ ﺍﳉﻴﺶ ﺍﻷﻣﲑﻛﻲ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺑﻠﻎ‬ ‫ — ﺭﺗﺒﺔ ﺟﻨﺮﺍﻝ ﺑﺄﺭﺑﻌﺔ ﻧﺠﻮﻡ‬Wesley Clark

1026

101

‫ ﻟﹺﺴﺎﻥ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻟ ﹺﺴﻨﹶﺔ‬tongue; language; spokesperson; (publication) mouthpiece

‫— ﻣﺎﺕ ﺃﺑﻮﻙ ﻳﺎ ﲠﻰ ﻭﻟﻴﺲ ﻋﲆ ﻟﺴﺎﻧﻪ ﺇﻻ ﺍﺳﻤﻚ‬

advanced in the American army until he

Your father died, Bahiy, and the only thing on

reached the rank of four-star general

his tongue (the last thing he said) was your

88 | 3877 |

name

‫ ﺗ ﹾﹶﺄﺛﹺﲑ‬n. pl. -aat effect, impact, influence, impression (‫ﻋﲆ‬/‫ ﰲ‬on) ‫ﺃﺳﺄﻟﻚ ﻋﻦ ﺗﺄﺛﲑ ﺍﳊﺮﺏ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻹﺭﻫﺎﺏ ﻋﲆ ﺍﳊﺮﻳﺎﺕ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳌﺪﻧﻴﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻮﻻﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﺘﺤﺪﺓ‬I am asking you

97 | 3508 |

1027

‫ ﹶﺳ ﹶﻔﺮ‬vn. traveling; n. journey, trip ‫ ﳚﺐ ﺃﻥ ﺗﺴﱰﻳﺢ‬..‫— ﻻ ﺷﻚ ﺃﻧﺖ ﻣﺘﻌﺐ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺴﻔﺮ‬ You are no doubt tired from the trip, you need

about the influence of the war on terror on

to rest

civil liberties in the United States

98 | 3461 |

93 | 3676 |

1021

‫ ﹶﻗ ﹶﻠﻢ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻗﻼﻡ‬pencil, pen; ‫ ﺑﹺ ﹶﻘ ﹶﻠﻢ‬written by ‫ﺳﺤﺐ ﺍﻟﺪﻛﺘﻮﺭ ﻛﺮﻡ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻋﲆ ﺍﳌﺎﺋﺪﺓ ﻭﺃﺧﺮﺝ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ — ﺟﻴﺒﻪ ﻗﻠﲈ ﺫﻫﺒﻴﺎ‬Dr Karam picked up a paper

1028

from off the table and took a gold pen out of

He chants the Qur)an in the evening with

his pocket

a very low voice

96 | 3559 |

1022

‫ ﹶﻣﻘﺎﻝ‬and ‫ ﹶﻣﻘﺎ ﹶﻟﺔ‬n. pl. -aat article, essay ‫ ﻭﻳﺪﻟﻨﻲ ﻋﲆ ﻣﻘﺎﻝ‬،‫ﻳﻤﺪﲏ ﺑﺠﺮﻳﺪﺓ ﻋﲆ ﻣﻘﺮﺑﺔ ﻣﻨﻪ‬ ‫ — ﺳﻴﺎﳼ ﳛﻤﻞ ﺗﻮﻗﻴﻊ ﺧﺎﻟﺪ ﺑﻦ ﻃﻮﺑﺎﻝ‬He hands

90 | 3743 |

1029

‫ﻣﴩﻭﻋﻲ ﺍﳉﺪﻳﺪ ﻻ ﳜﺼﻚ ﻭﺣﺪﻙ ﺑﻞ ﻳﺸﻤﻞ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻝ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﻛﻠﻬﺎ‬My new project does

me to a political article which bears the

not concern you alone, but it includes all

signature of Khalid Ibn Tubal

the Arab countries

87 | 3911 |

1023

1024

‫ ﹶﺷ ﹺﻤ ﹶﻞ‬v. I (a) and ‫( ﹶﺷ ﹶﻤ ﹶﻞ‬u) to include, comprise, contain sth

me a newspaper that is near him, and points

‫ ﹶﺑﺪﹾ ﺀ‬n. start, beginning; ‫ ﹶﺑﺪﹾ ﺀ ﹰﺍ ﹺﻣﻦ‬starting from ‫ﺑﻠﻎ ﻗﺘﻼﻫﻢ ﻭﺃﴎﺍﻫﻢ ﻣﺎﺋﺔ ﻭﲬﺴﲔ ﺃﻟﻔﺎ ﻣﻨﺬ ﺑﺪﺀ ﺍﳍﺠﻮﻡ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﱪﻳﻄﺎﻧﻰ‬Their dead and captured reached

‫ ﻏﺎ ﹶﻳﺔ‬n. utmost, extreme; ‫ ﻟﹺﻠﻐﺎﻳﺔ‬extremely, greatly; ‫ ﻏﺎﻳﺔ‬pl. -aat goal, objective, purpose; ‫ ﻟﹺ ﹺ‬until ‫ﻐﺎﻳﺔ‬ ‫— ﻳﺮﺗﻞ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﰱ ﺍﳌﺴﺎﺀ ﺑﺼﻮﺕ ﺧﻔﻴﺾ ﻟﻠﻐﺎﻳﺔ‬

85 | 3985 |

1030

‫ ﹶﻗ ﹶﻄ ﹶﻊ‬v. I (a) to cut off, sever sth; to interrupt, stop (flow); to block

150,000 since the beginning of the British attack

(street); to cover, travel (a distance);

89 | 3839 |

to pledge (a vow)

‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻇ ﹶﻬ ﹶﺮ‬v. IV to show, manifest, demonstrate ‫ — ﺇﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺟﺮﻳﻤﺔ ﺣﻘﺎ ﻓﺴﻮﻑ ﺗﻈﻬﺮ‬If there

my daughter and raise her and then a young

really is a crime, it will appear

man takes her, severing all paths between us

99 | 3453 |

and her?

‫ﻛﻴﻒ ﺃﻧﺠﺐ ﺍﺑﻨﺘﻰ ﻭﺃﺭﺑﻴﻬﺎ ﺛﻢ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻳﺄﺧﺬﻫﺎ ﺷﺎﺏ‬ ‫ — ﻳﻘﻄﻊ ﻛﻞ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺑﻴﻨﻨﺎ ﻭﺑﻴﻨﻬﺎ‬How can I bear

99 | 3403 |

1025

‫ ﹶﺳ ﹶﺒ ﹶﻖ‬v. I (i,u) to precede, come before sb/sth; ‫ ﹶﺳ ﹶﺒ ﹶﻖ ﹶﻟ ﹸﻪ ﺃﻥ‬to have done sth previously ‫ﺍﻧﻘﻄﻊ ﺍﳍﻤﺲ ﻓﻮﺭﺍ ﻭﺳﺎﺩ ﺳﻜﻮﻥ ﻋﻤﻴﻖ ﻗﻄﻌﺘﻪ ﺍﻟﻨﺤﻨﺤﺔ‬ ‫ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻰ ﻏﺎﻟﺒﺎ ﻣﺎ ﺗﻨﺘﻬﻰ ﺑﻨﻮﺑﺔ ﺳﻌﺎﻝ‬،‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ ﺗﺴﺒﻖ ﻛﻼﻣﻪ‬

1031

‫ ﹶﺛ ﹾﻮ ﹶﺭﺓ‬n. revolution, uprising ‫ ﻭﺳﻮﻑ ﺗﻨﺘﴫ‬،‫ﻛﺎﻧﻮﺍ ﻋﲆ ﻳﻘﲔ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﱂ ﻳﺘﻐﲑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﻮﺭﺓ ﰱ ﺃﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﻛﲈ ﺍﻧﺘﴫﺕ ﰱ ﺃﻣﺎﻛﻦ ﺃﺧﺮ￯ ﻛﺜﲑﺓ‬

— The whispering was cut off immediately

— They were certain that the world was

and a deep silence reigned, cut by the

changing, and that the revolution would be

coughing that (usually) precedes his talk, and

victorious in America as it had been victorious

which usually would end with a coughing fit

in many other places

89 | 3819 |

87 | 3893 |

102

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

1032

‫ ﺑﻌﺪﻳﻦ‬/ba9deen/ (Egy.Lev.) adv. later, afterwards; then, after that; besides; ‫ ﻭﺑﻌﺪﻳﻦ‬and then; ‫ ﻭﺑﻌﺪﻳﻦ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﻠﺖ‬..‫ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺯﻣﻴﻠﺘﻲ ﰲ ﺍﳌﻄﺒﺦ ﺟﻮﻩ‬ ‫ — ﺟﺮﺳﻮﻧﺔ‬My colleague was in the kitchen, inside...and then she started working as a

She remained silent until I thought that she wasn’t listening to me 95 | 3526 |

1039

waitress 55 | 6052 | +spo

1033

This leads to a state of depression and anger,

‫ ﺗ ﹾﹶﺄﻛﹺﻴﺪ‬n. confirmation; affirmation; certainty; ‫ ﺑﹺﺎﻟﺘ ﹾﹶﺄ ﹺﻛﻴﺪ‬certainly; ‫ ﺗ ﹾﹶﺄ ﹺﻛﻴﺪ ﹰﺍ ﻟﹺـ‬in confirmation of;

and might be exploited to create an environment in which terrorism grows

underscoring, emphasizing

‫ﻣﻦ ﺃﻳﻦ ﺣﺼﻞ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ؟ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﺄﻛﻴﺪ ﻳﻮﺟﺪ ﺗﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﺑﲔ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳌﺨﺎﺑﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﳌﴫﻳﺔ ﻭﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ ﺍﳉﺎﻣﻌﺔ‬Where did

90 | 3696 |

1040

the administration of the university

￯‫ﻓﺎﺯ ﺑﺎﳉﺎﺋﺰﺓ ﺍﻷﻭﱃ ﰱ ﻣﺴﺎﺑﻘﺔ ﳏﻤﻮﺩ ﻣﻬﺪ‬ ‫— ﺍﻷﺩﺑﻴﺔ ﻟﺸﻌﺮ ﺍﻟﻔﺼﺤﻰ ﻋﻦ ﻋﺪﺩ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻘﺼﺎﺋﺪ‬

93 | 3627 |

He won first prize in the Mahmoud Mahdi

between the Egyptian intelligence agency and

‫ﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬v. I (u) to revolve, turn; to circle, go around ‫ﺣ ﹾﻮ ﹶﻝ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬sth ‫ ﺩﺍﺭﺕ ﺣﻮﻝ ﻧﻔﺴﻬﺎ ﻋﺪﺓ‬..‫ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻣﻨﻔﻌﻠﺔ ﻭﺳﻌﻴﺪﺓ‬ ‫ — ﻣﺮﺍﺕ‬She was excited and happy...She

literary contest for Standard Arabic poetry, for a number of odes 91 | 3659 |

1041

‫ ﻧ ﹶﹶﴩ‬v. I (u) to publish sth; to announce sth;

‫ﺷﻬﺪﺕ ﺍﳌﻤﻠﻜﺔ ﺗﻄﻮﺭﺍ ﻛﺒﲑﺍ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺠﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺮﻋﺎﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻴﺔ ﺇﺫ ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﻘﺪﻳﻢ ﺍﳋﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ — ﻋﲆ ﺍﻣﺘﺪﺍﺩ ﻣﺴﺎﺣﺔ ﺍﻟﻮﻃﻦ‬The kingdom

to propagate sth

witnessed a big development in the health

99 | 3384 |

‫ﺻﺪﺭﺕ ﻋﴩﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺐ ﻭﻧﴩﺕ ﻣﺌﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﻘﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺍﻷﺑﺤﺎﺙ ﻋﻦ ﺷﺨﺼﻴﺔ ﻛﻮﳌﺒﺲ‬Dozens of

and health care arenas, since health services are being offered over the whole breadth of

books were issued and hundreds of articles

the nation

and studies were published about the

92 | 3617 |

personality of Columbus

He wrote a letter to God, may He be praised,

‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻑ‬ v. I (a) to fear sth/sb; to be afraid ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ of sth/sb; to be worried ‫ ﻋﲆ‬about sth/sb; to fear ‫ ﻋﲆ‬for (sb’s safety) ‫ ﻟﻜﻨﻰ ﺃﺧﺎﻑ ﻣﻦ‬..‫ﻓﻜﺮﺕ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺼﺒﺎﺡ ﰱ ﺍﻻﻧﺘﺤﺎﺭ‬ ‫ — ﺭﺑﻨﺎ ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ ﻭﺗﻌﺎﱃ‬This morning I thought

asking him for a hundred dinar

about suicide, but I am afraid of our Lord, may

85 | 3968 |

He be praised and exalted

88 | 3812 |

1036

1037

1042

‫ ﹺﺩﻳﻨﺎﺭ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺩﻧﺎﻧﹺﲑ‬dinar ‫— ﻛﺘﺐ ﺭﺳﺎﻟﺔ ﺇﱃ ﺍﷲ ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ ﻃﺎﻟﺒﺎ ﻣﻨﻪ ﻣﺎﺋﺔ ﺩﻳﻨﺎﺭ‬

‫ﺷﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ ﺇﹺ ﹶ‬vn. mentioning, pointing out;

96 | 3463 |

to regulate the traffic

‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻘﻰ‬v. IV to throw, toss; to deliver, give (a speech); ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻟ ﹶﻘﻰ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻘ ﹾﺒ ﹶﺾ ﻋﲆ‬to arrest sb ‫ﺩﺧﻼ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﺔ ﻭﻋﲆ ﺃﻗﺮﺏ ﻣﻘﻌﺪ ﺃﻟﻘﻰ ﻛﻞ ﻣﻨﻬﲈ ﺑﻨﻔﺴﻪ‬ ‫ — ﻭﻋﺎﺩﺕ ﺃﺻﻮﺍﺕ ﺍﳌﺪﺍﻓﻊ ﺗﺰﺩﺍﺩ‬They entered the

97 | 3465 |

car and each one threw himself onto the

n. pl. -aat indication, sign, signal

‫ﻻﺑﺪ ﻣﻦ ﻭﺿﻊ ﺇﺷﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺿﻮﺋﻴﺔ ﻫﻨﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺟﻞ ﺗﻨﻈﻴﻢ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳌﺮﻭﺭ‬Traffic lights need to be put up here

1038

‫ ﹺﺭﻋﺎ ﹶﻳﺔ‬n. custody, protection; patronage,

sponsorship; (social) welfare, (health) care

turned around in a circle several times

1035

‫ ﹸﻣﺴﺎ ﹶﺑ ﹶﻘﺔ‬n. pl. -aat contest, competition;

race

he get it? For sure there is some cooperation

1034

‫ ﺑﹺﻴﺌﹶﺔ‬n. environment; milieu ،‫ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﻳﺆﺩﻱ ﺍﱃ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻻﺣﺒﺎﻁ ﻭﺍﻻﺣﺘﻘﺎﻥ‬ ‫— ﻭﻗﺪ ﻳﺴﺘﻐﻞ ﳋﻠﻖ ﺑﻴﺌﺔ ﻳﻨﻤﻮ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺍﻻﺭﻫﺎﺏ‬

‫ ﱠ‬that ‫ ﹶﻇ ﱠﻦ‬v. I (u) to think, believe, presume ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫— ﻇﻠﺖ ﺻﺎﻣﺘﺔ ﺣﺘﻰ ﻇﻨﻨﺖ ﺃﳖﺎ ﱂ ﺗﺴﻤﻌﻨﻰ‬

1043

nearest seat, and the sound of cannons kept getting louder 89 | 3711 |

Frequency index

103

14 Opposites Note that in most cases the positive term is ranked higher than the negative one. Word 1

‫ﺑﻌﺪ‬ ‫ﹼﺃﻭﻝ‬ ‫ﻛﺜﲑ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺃﻛﺜﺮ‬ ‫ﻛﺒﲑ‬ ‫ﻋﺎ ﹼﻡ‬ ‫ﺣﻴﺎﺓ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻣﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺣﺮﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﻛﱪ‬ ‫ﹴ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺽ‬ ‫ﲢﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻞ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺑﻖ‬ ‫ﺳﺆﺍﻝ‬ ‫ﻃﻮﻳﻞ‬ ‫ﺃﺧﺬ‬ ‫ﺑﻌﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺻﺤﻴﺢ‬ ‫ﳖﺎﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﴍﻕ‬ ‫ﺃﻓﻀﻞ‬ ‫ﳑﻜﻦ‬ ‫ﺻﺪﻳﻖ‬ ‫ﺟﻨﻮﺏ‬ ‫ﻗﻮﻱ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺿﺢ‬ ‫ﺟ ﹼﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﻧﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﲇ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﰊ‬ ‫ﻏﺮ ﹼ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺟ ﹼﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺑﻴﺾ‬ ‫ﺩﺧﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺻﻌﺐ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺻﺒﺎﺡ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﻓﺾ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺮﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﴎﻳﻊ‬

#

#

34

68

41

206

55

376

60

499

64

446

65

230

88

135

94

481

105

348

153

577

165

188

195

1860

203

539

216

348

246

349

284

500

267

1391

316

1061

198

346

355

476

364

811

380

415

386

695

390

2265

403

1614

398

799

416

624

438

1285

480

2685

488

1493

494

2992

520

765

553

1114

649

1548

564

682

595

872

597

1147

658

1420

449

642

657

1587

708

1097

720

1741

827

2946

854

4648

Word 2

Def 1

‫ﻗﺒﻞ‬ ‫ﺃﺧﲑ‬ ‫ﻗﻠﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻗﺪﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺃﻗﻞ‬ ‫ﺻﻐﲑ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺹ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻮﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺳﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﺻﻐﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺘﻘﺒﻞ‬ ‫ﻓﻮﻕ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﺏ‬ ‫ﻗﺼﲑ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻄﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﻳﺐ‬ ‫ﺧﻄﺄ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﺍﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﺮﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﺳﻮﺃ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺘﺤﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻋﺪﻭ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺷﲈﻝ‬ ‫ﺿﻌﻴﻒ‬ ‫ﻏﺎﻣﺾ‬ ‫ﳼﺀ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺁﺧﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻲ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﴍﻗﻲ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻠ ﹼﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺳﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺧﺮﻭﺝ‬ ‫ﺳﻬﻞ‬ ‫ﺧﻔﻴﻒ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻇﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻞ‬ ‫ﳎﻬﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﺟﺰ‬ ‫ﺑﻄﻲﺀ‬

after

Def 2 before

first

last

many

few

new

old

more/most

less/least

large

small

general, public

special, private

life

death

below

above

front

behind

war

peace

larger/largest

smaller/smallest

past

future

below

above

inside

outside

preceding

next

question

answer

long; tall

short; small

to take

to give

far

near

correct

wrong

end

beginning

east

west

better/best

worse/worst

possible

impossible

friend

enemy

south

north

strong

weak

clear

obscure

good

bad

world

the hereafter

internal; domestic

external; foreign

Western

Eastern

foreign ministry

ministry of the interior

white

black

entering

leaving

difficult

easy

intense

slight

morning

evening

light; lamp

darkness; injustice

to reject

to accept

known

unknown

capable

incapable

quick

slow

104

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

1044

‫ ﺍﹺ ﹾﺣ ﹺﱰﺍﻡ‬n. respect, honor; ‫ ﺍﹺ ﹾﺣ ﹺﱰﺍﻣ ﹰﺎ ﻟﹺـ‬out of

1050

‫ — ﻟﻘﺪ ﺻﺪﺭﺕ ﱄ ﺃﻭﻝ ﺭﻭﺍﻳﺔ ﻣﻨﺬ ﺳﻨﺘﲔ‬My first

‫ ﳚﺐ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﺃﻋﲆ ﻣﻦ‬،‫ﺃﻧﺎ ﻋﻨﺪﻱ ﺍﺣﱰﺍﻡ ﻟﻠﺪﺳﺘﻮﺭ‬ ‫ — ﻛﻞ ﳾﺀ‬I have respect for the constitution;

novel was published two years ago

it has to be above everything

89 | 3682 |

93 | 3551 |

1045

‫ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻔﺘﹸﻮﺡ‬adj. open, opened ‫ﻻ ﻳﺒﺪﻭ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻀﻮﺀ ﺍﳌﻨﺴﻜﺐ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺏ ﺍﳌﻔﺘﻮﺡ ﻛﺎﻑ‬ ‫ — ﻟﻄﺮﺩ ﺍﻟﺮﻃﻮﺑﺔ‬It doesn’t appear that light

‫ ﹶﺻﺪﹶ ﹶﺭ‬v. I (u) to be published, be issued; to emerge, come forth, appear

respect for, in honor of

1051

‫ ﹶﻃﻌﺎﻡ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻃ ﹺﻌ ﹶﻤﺔ‬food ..‫ﺃﻧﺎ ﻻ ﺃﻋﺮﻑ ﺃﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﺍﻟﻄﻌﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﺘﻰ ﺗﺄﻛﻠﻮﳖﺎ ﰱ ﺑﻠﺪﻛﻢ‬ ‫ﻟﻜﻨﻰ ﺃﻧﺼﺤﻚ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻐﲑ￯ ﻃﻌﺎﻣﻚ ﺍﳌﻔﻀﻞ ﻷﻧﻪ ﻛﺎﺩ ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ — ﻳﺘﺴﺒﺐ ﰱ ﺇﺣﺮﺍﻕ ﺍﳉﺎﻣﻌﺔ‬I don’t know the

streaming in from the open door is enough

types of food which you eat in your country...

to get rid of the humidity

but I advise you to change your preferred food

99 | 3365 |

because it almost burned down the university 89 | 3681 |

1046

‫ ﺟﺎﺏ‬v. I (i) (Dia.) to bring, fetch sth (‫ ﻝ‬for sb); to get, earn (school grade); ‫ ﺍﳌﻬﻢ ﻧﺰﻝ ﺍﻷﺥ ﳚﻴﺐ ﳍﺎ ﺑﺒﴘ‬..‫ﻻﺯﻡ ﻳﺸﱰﻱ ﳍﺎ ﺷﻰﺀ‬

‫ ﺍﹺ ﹾﻣ ﹶﺮ ﹶﺃﺓ‬n. woman (pl. ‫ ﻧﹺﺴﺎﺀ‬is listed separately); (with def. article) ‫ﺍ ﹶﳌ ﹾﺮ ﹶﺃﺓ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﺪﻣﺖ ﺍﻣﺮﺃﺓ ﻓﻘﲑﺓ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺋﺐ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ ﺗﺸﻜﻮ ﺍﺧﺘﻔﺎﺀ‬ ‫ — ﺍﺑﻨﺘﻬﺎ‬A poor woman came to the

— He has to buy her something...The

prosecutor complaining about the

important thing is that the brother went

disappearance of her daughter

down to get her a Pepsi

89 | 3649 |

1052

to score (goal); to have, give birth to (baby boy, girl)

62 | 5273 | +spo

1047

‫ ﹶﲢ ﱠﻮ ﹶﻝ‬v. V to be changed, be converted,

1053

what’s the story with that phone

be transformed

‫ ﲢﻮﻟﺖ ﺍﳊﺪﺍﺋﻖ‬،‫ﺣﺪﺛﺖ ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻬﺎﺕ ﻋﻨﻴﻔﺔ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﺒﻮﻟﻴﺲ‬ ‫ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺍﻟﴩﻃﺔ ﺗﴬﺏ‬،‫ﺇﱃ ﻣﻴﺎﺩﻳﻦ ﻗﺘﺎﻝ ﺣﻘﻴﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳌﺘﻈﺎﻫﺮﻳﻦ‬Violent confrontations took place

46 | 6976 | +spo

1054

with the police; the gardens were transformed into actual battlefields; the police were beating

1048

‫ ﺃﻳﺶ‬/’eesh/ (Lev.Gul.) interrog. what ‫ — ﺇﴍﺡ ﱄ ﺍﻳﺶ ﻗﺼﺔ ﻫﺎﻟﺘﻠﻔﻮﻥ‬Explain to me

‫ ﹶﺿ ﹺ‬v. I (a) to laugh (‫ ﻋﲆ‬at) ‫ﺤ ﹶ‬ ‫ﻚ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻄﻠﻖ ﳎﺪ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﻳﻀﺤﻚ ﻣﻦ ﻏﻴﻆ ﺩﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﻭﻃﺮﻳﻘﺘﻪ ﰱ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻜﻼﻡ‬Magd Al-Din started to laugh at

the demonstrators

Dumyan’s anger and his manner of speaking

89 | 3697 |

89 | 3667 |

He was unable to sleep; he started to toss and

‫ ﺍﹺ ﹾﺳﺘﹶﺨﹾ ﺪﹶ ﹶﻡ‬v. X to use, employ, utilize sth ‫ﺣﺴﺐ ﺧﱪﰐ ﻛﺼﺎﻧﻊ ﺍﺣﺬﻳﺔ ﺍﻥ ﺍﳉﻨﻮﺩ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﻣﺎﻥ ﻛﺎﻧﻮﺍ‬ ‫ﻳﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﻮﻥ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻨﻮﻉ ﺍﻟﺜﻘﻴﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻻﺣﺬﻳﺔ ﺍﺛﻨﺎﺀ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳌﻌﺎﺭﻙ‬According to my experience as a

turn until he heard the dawn call to prayer; he

shoemaker, the Roman soldiers were using

got up and took a shower and put on his

this heavy type of shoe during battles

clothing and returned to the university

85 | 3825 |

‫ ﹶﻓ ﹾﺠﺮ‬n. dawn ،‫ ﺃﺧﺬ ﻳﺘﻘﻠﺐ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺳﻤﻊ ﺃﺫﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﻔﺠﺮ‬..‫ﻋﺠﺰ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﻮﻡ‬ ‫— ﳖﺾ ﻭﺃﺧﺬ ﲪﺎﻣﺎ ﻭﺍﺭﺗﺪ￯ ﺛﻴﺎﺑﻪ ﻭﻋﺎﺩ ﺇﱃ ﺍﳉﺎﻣﻌﺔ‬

1055

97 | 3368 |

1049

‫ ﺍﹺ ﹾﻟ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻘﻰ‬v. VIII to meet, encounter ‫ﻣﻊ‬/‫ ﺏ‬sb ‫ ﻣﺘﻰ ﻧﺴﺘﻄﻴﻊ ﺃﻥ ﻧﻠﺘﻘﻲ‬،‫ﺗﺮﻳﺪ ﺷﻘﻴﻘﺘﻲ ﺃﻥ ﺗﺘﻌﺮﻑ ﻋﻠﻴﻚ‬

1056

‫ ﺳﺎ ﹶﻋﺪﹶ‬v. III to help, assist, support sb ‫ﺇﻥ ﺻﻮﺕ ﺃﻡ ﻛﻠﺜﻮﻡ ﻳﺴﺎﻋﺪﻩ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻻﺣﺘﻔﺎﻅ ﲠﺪﻭﺀ‬ ‫ — ﺃﻋﺼﺎﺑﻪ ﻭﻫﻮ ﻳﻌﻤﻞ‬Um Kalthoum’s voice

— My sister wants to get to know you; when

helps him keep his nerves calm while he is

can we meet?

working

98 | 3356 |

97 | 3354 |

Frequency index

1057

‫ ﹺ‬n. pl. ‫ﻮﺍﻫﺮ‬ ‫ ﹶﻇ ﹺ‬phenomenon ‫ﻇﺎﻫ ﹶﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻫﻢ ﻣﺎ ﻗﺎﻡ ﺑﻪ ﺍﳌﺤﺎﻓﻆ ﺍﳉﺪﻳﺪ ﺇﳖﺎﺀ ﻇﺎﻫﺮﺓ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺪﻗﻴﻖ ﺍﳌﻐﺸﻮﺵ ﰱ ﺍﳋﺒﺰ‬One of the most

105

important things the new governor did was to

‫ ﻛ ﹶﹸﻮ ﹾﻳﺘﹺ ﹼﻲ‬n./adj. Kuwaiti ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻰ ﺳﻤﻮ ﺭﺋﻴﺲ ﳎﻠﺲ ﺍﻟﻮﺯﺭﺍﺀ ﺑﺎﻟﻄﻠﺒﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﻮﻳﺘﻴﲔ‬ ‫ﰲ ﺍﻻﺭﺩﻥ ﰲ ﺣﻔﻞ ﺍﻟﻌﺸﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺍﻗﺎﻣﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺪ‬ ‫ — ﻳﻮﺳﻒ ﻋﺒﺪﺍﷲ‬His excellency the prime

end the phenomenon of fake flour in the

minister met with the Kuwaiti students in

bread

Jordan in a dinner party which Mr Yusuf

1063

Abdallah gave

92 | 3511 |

84 | 3833 |

1058

‫ ﹶﺳ ﹶﻘ ﹶﻂ‬v. I (u) to fall; drop, decline ،‫ﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﺳﻘﻄﺖ ﺍﻷﻧﺪﻟﺲ ﰱ ﺃﻳﺪ￯ ﺍﳌﺴﻴﺤﻴﲔ ﺍﻹﺳﺒﺎﻥ‬ ‫ — ﺍﺿﻄﻬﺪﻭﺍ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﻭﺍﻟﻴﻬﻮﺩ ﻣﻌﺎ‬When

1064

‫ ﹺ‬adj. working, operating; active; ‫ﻋﺎﻣﻞ‬ (Dia.) a.p. doing, making

the Jews together

‫ﰲ ﻧﻔﺲ ﺍﻟﻮﻗﺖ ﺗﺆﻛﺪ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺔ ﺃﻥ ﺍﳉﻬﺪ ﺍﻟﺒﺪﲏ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﺬﻟﻪ ﺍﳌﺮﺃﺓ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﻠﺔ ﰲ ﻋﻤﻠﻬﺎ ﺳﻴﺴﺎﻋﺪ ﻋﲆ ﲡﻨﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ — ﺿﻐﻂ ﺍﻟﺪﻡ ﻭﺃﻣﺮﺍﺽ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﺐ‬At the same time

90 | 3600 |

the study confirms that the physical effort that

Andalusia fell into the hands of the Spanish Christians, they persecuted the Muslims and

the working woman exerts at work will help 1059

‫ ﹸﺳ ﹾﺒ ﹶ‬praise God! ‫ ﹸﺳ ﹾﺒﺤﺎﻥ‬n. praise; ‫ﺤﺎﻥ ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ — ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻥ ﺍﷲ ﺍﻟﺬ￯ ﺟﻌﻞ ﻟﻠﺠﲈﻝ ﻣﺎﺋﺔ ﺷﻜﻞ‬Praise

her avoid (high) blood pressure and heart

be to God who made a hundred kinds of

96 | 3329 |

disease

beauty 90 | 3571 |

1065

‫ ﹶﺗ ﹾﻔﻜﹺﲑ‬n. thinking, pondering; reflection, meditation

1060

‫ ﹸﻣ ﹶﺆﻛﱢﺪ‬adj. confirming; underscoring,

‫— ﻛﺎﻥ ﺗﺘﺎﺑﻊ ﺍﻷﺣﺪﺍﺙ ﺃﴎﻉ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺪﺭﺗﻰ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻟﺘﻔﻜﲑ‬

‫ﺛﻢ ﺃﳖﻰ ﻛﻠﻤﺘﻪ ﺑﺨﻄﺎﺏ ﺇﱃ ﺍﳌﺒﻌﻮﺛﲔ ﻣﺆﻛﺪﺍ ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ — ﻛﻞ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﻓﻴﻬﻢ ﺳﻔﲑ ﳌﴫ‬He ended

to think

Things were happening faster than my ability

emphasizing

98 | 3265 |

his speech with a message to the delegates, stressing that each one of them is an

1066

ambassador for Egypt 87 | 3718 |

1061

to become a judge, and he returned after that

‫ ﹶﻗ ﹺﺼﲑ‬adj. short, small (of stature) ‫ﺃﻭﺻﻠﻪ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺏ ﻭﺩﺍﺭ ﺑﻴﻨﻬﲈ ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﻗﺼﲑ‬ ‫ — ﺟﺪ￯ ﻋﲈ ﳚﺐ ﻋﻤﻠﻪ ﰱ ﺍﻷﻳﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬He accompanied him to the door and a short,

‫ ﹶﺩ ﹶﺭ ﹶﺱ‬v. I (u) to study, learn sth ‫ ﻭﻋﺎﺩ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺫﻟﻚ‬،‫ﻗﺮﺭ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺪﺭﺱ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﻟﻴﺼﺒﺢ ﻗﺎﺿﻴﺎ‬ ١٦٤٧ ‫ — ﺇﱃ ﺑﻠﺪﺗﻪ ﻋﺎﻡ‬He decided to study law to his home town in the year 1647 97 | 3312 |

1067

‫ ﺗﻠﻔﺰﻳﻮﻥ‬and ‫ ﺗﻠﻴﻔﺰﻳﻮﻥ‬/tilfizyoon, tilivizyoon/ n. television

serious conversation took place between the coming days

‫ﺟﻠﺲ ﻳﺘﻔﺮﺝ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻟﺘﻠﻴﻔﺰﻳﻮﻥ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺍﻧﺘﻬﺖ ﺷﻴﲈﺀ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻄﻬﻰ‬He sat watching television until

99 | 3248 |

Shima finished cooking

them about what needed to be done in

93 | 3461 |

1062

‫ ﹶﺗ ﹾﻌﺒﹺﲑ‬vn. expressing ‫( ﻋﻦ‬opinion, feeling), ‫( ﻋﻦ‬position, policy); n. expression,

stating

word, phrase

‫ﻳﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﺈﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﺇﺿﺎﻓﻴﺔ ﺗﺰﻳﺪ ﰲ ﻳﻤﻴﻨﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻴﻤﲔ ﺇﺫﺍ ﺻﺢ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺒﲑ‬He is taking additional steps to make

1068

‫ ﹶﺑ ﹶﴩ‬coll.n. humankind, humans ‫ﻳﺎ ﻓﻨﺪﻡ ﺳﻴﺎﺩﺗﻚ ﺗﺒﺬﻝ ﳎﻬﻮﺩﺍ ﻓﻮﻕ ﻃﺎﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﴩ‬ ‫ ﻭﻣﻦ ﺣﻘﻚ ﺃﻥ ﺗﺮﻓﻪ ﻋﻦ ﻧﻔﺴﻚ‬..‫— ﰱ ﻋﻤﻠﻚ‬ Sir, your excellency exerts superhuman efforts

the right even more right, so to speak

in your work; you have a right to entertain

(if the expression is correct)

yourself

88 | 3645 |

97 | 3311 |

106

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

1069

‫ ﺻ ﹺ‬box, bin; ‫( ﹸﺻﻨﹾﺪﹸ ﻭﻕ‬often ‫ ) ﹶﺻﻨﹾﺪﹸ ﻭﻕ‬n. pl. ‫ﻨﺎﺩﻳﻖ‬ ‫ﹶ‬

continue media work and get more success

treasury, fund; trunk (of a car)

and fame

‫ﻃﻠﺐ ﻣﻨﻪ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻀﻌﻪ ﰱ ﺃﻗﺮﺏ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺑﺮﻳﺪ‬ ‫ — ﺑﺎﻹﺳﻜﻨﺪﺭﻳﺔ‬He asked him to put it in the nearest post office box in Alexandria

81 | 3929 |

1076

88 | 3648 |

1070

￯‫ ﹶﺳ ﱠﻮ‬v. II (Lev.Irq.Gul.) to do, make; a.p. ‫ ﻣﺴﻮﻱ‬/msawwi/ doing, making ‫ﻻ ﺇﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭﻻ ﻏﲑ ﺇﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﳑﻜﻦ ﺃﻥ ﺗﺴﻮﻱ ﳾ ﺑﺎﻟﻌﺮﺍﻕ‬

presentation of the goods to him, will sit inside the machine 91 | 3495 |

— Neither Iran nor anyone else can do anything in Iraq

1077

60 | 5295 | +spo

1071

‫ ﹶﺣ ﹼﻲ‬adj. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺣﻴﺎﺀ‬alive, living; active, lively; live (fire); n. pl. ‫ﺣﻴﺎﺀ‬ ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾ‬creature, living thing ‫ﺗﺮﺟﻢ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻹﻧﺠﻠﻴﺰﻳﺔ ﺇﱃ ﻋﺪﺩ ﻛﺒﲑ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺎﺕ ﺍﳊﻴﺔ‬The book was translated from English to a large number of living

his studies 86 | 3712 |

1078

98 | 3254 |

offer it for sale now, it will bring us a reasonable sum 97 | 3252 |

1079

stay overnight (‫ﻋﻨﺪ‬/‫ ﰲ‬at)

‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻗ ﹶﴡ‬adj. fem. ￯‫ ﹸﻗ ﹾﺼ ﹶﻮ‬farthest, most remote; ‫ ﺍ ﹶﳌ ﹾﺴ ﹺﺠﺪ ﺍﻷ ﹾﻗ ﹶﺴﻰ‬Al-Aqsa Mosque ‫ﺍﻟﻈﺮﻭﻑ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﺟﻪ ﺍﻟﻮﻃﻦ ﺗﺘﻄﻠﺐ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﻨﺎﺋﻪ ﻣﺰﻳﺪﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳉﻬﺪ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻭﺑﺬﻝ ﺍﻗﴡ ﺍﻟﻄﺎﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ — ﳌﻮﺍﺻﻠﺔ ﻣﺴﲑﺓ ﺍﻟﺒﻨﺎﺀ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬The

‫ — ﺁﻣﻦ ﺑﺄﻥ ﺍﻟﻔﺘﻮﻧﺔ ﺑﺎﺗﺖ ﰱ ﻣﺘﻨﺎﻭﻝ ﻳﺪﻳﻪ‬He believed that the leadership of the gang was within reach 88 | 3601 |

continue the march of building and growth

‫ ﻧ ﹾﹶﺤﻮ‬n. way, manner, method; (ling.) grammar; pl. ‫ ﹶﺃﻧﹾﺤﺎﺀ‬areas, regions ‫ ﻭﺃﺣﺲ ﺑﻘﻠﻖ ﻷﳖﺎ‬،‫ﺃﺧﺬ ﻳﺒﺤﺚ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ﰱ ﺃﻧﺤﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺖ‬ ‫ — ﺧﺮﺟﺖ ﺩﻭﻥ ﺃﻥ ﲣﱪﻩ ﻛﻌﺎﺩﲥﺎ‬He started to

86 | 3713 |

look for her all over the house, and he felt

circumstances and challenges which face the

1080

nation demand of its citizens more effort and work and the exertion of the utmost energy to

1074

worried that she had left without informing

‫ ﹺﺭﻳﺎﻝ‬n. riyal (currency) ‫ — ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻮﺑﺔ ﻛﻠﻬﺎ ﻻ ﲡﺎﻭﺯ ﺃﻟﻒ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ‬The entire

him as was her custom 88 | 3590 |

punishment does not exceed a thousand riyals 72 | 4440 |

1075

‫ﺑﺎﺕ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬v. I (i) to become (known, certain); to start, begin to do sth; to spend the night,

80 | 3987 |

1073

‫ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻴﻊ‬n. sale; selling ‫ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻋﺮﺿﻨﺎﻩ ﻟﻠﺒﻴﻊ ﺍﻵﻥ‬..‫ﺑﻴﺘﻨﺎ ﺍﺭﺗﻔﻊ ﺛﻤﻨﻪ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ — ﺳﻴﺪﺭ ﻋﻠﻴﻨﺎ ﻣﺒﻠﻐﺎ ﻣﻌﻘﻮﻻ‬The price of our house went up after the renovation...if we

‫ ﹶﻣ ﹾﺮ ﹶﺣﺒ ﹰﺎ‬interj. (usu. ‫ ) ﹶﻣ ﹾﺮ ﹶﺣﺒﺎ‬hello! welcome! ‫( ﹶﻣ ﹾﺮ ﹶﺣﺐ‬Gul.) hello!; ‫ ﻣﺮﺣﺒﺘﲔ‬/marHabteen/ (Lev.) hello! (in response to ‫ﺣﺒﺎ‬ ‫) ﹶﻣ ﹾﺮ ﹶ‬ ‫ ﴍﻓﺘﻤﻮﲏ‬،‫ — ﺍﻫﻼ ﻭﻣﺮﺣﺒﺎ ﺑﻜﻢ‬Hello, welcome, you have honored me

‫ ﹸﻣﺘﺎ ﹶﺑ ﹶﻌﺔ‬n. pursuing, following; continuation ‫ﻟﻜﻦ ﻣﺴﺘﻮﺍﻩ ﺍﳊﻘﻴﻘﻲ ﺍﻧﻜﺸﻒ ﻭﻋﺠﺰ ﻋﻦ ﻣﺘﺎﺑﻌﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺔ‬But his actual level had been revealed, and he was incapable of continuing

languages

1072

‫ ﹸﻣ ﹺ‬n. participant; adj. participating ‫ﺸﺎﺭﻙ‬ ‫ ﳚﻠﺲ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ‬،‫ ﺃﺛﻨﺎﺀ ﻋﺮﺽ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻊ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬،‫ﻛﻞ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻙ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳉﻬﺎﺯ‬Each participant, during the

‫ ﺇﹺﻋ ﹺ‬adj. media, information; n. journalist, ‫ﻼﻣ ﹼﻲ‬ ‫ﹾ‬

person from the media, media worker

‫ﻃﻤﻮﺣﻬﺎ ﺃﻥ ﺗﺴﺘﻤﺮ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻣﻲ ﻭﺃﻥ ﲢﺼﺪ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳌﺰﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﺠﺎﺡ ﻭﺍﻟﺸﻬﺮﺓ‬Her ambition is to

1081

‫ ﹶﻗﻤﺮ ﹺﺻ ﹺ‬satellite ‫ ﹶﻗ ﹶﻤﺮ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻗﲈﺭ‬moon; ‫ﻨﺎﻋ ﹼﻲ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ﺣﺘﻰ ﺃﺿﻮﺍﺀ ﺍﻟﻘﻨﺎﺑﻞ ﺍﺑﺘﻌﺪﺕ ﻭﻋﺎﺩ ﺿﻮﺀ ﺍﻟﻘﻤﺮ ﻳﺪﺧﻞ‬ ‫ — ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﺔ‬Even the lights of the bombs receded and the light of the moon once more entered the car 97 | 3270 | +lit +for

Frequency index

1082

‫ ﹶﺃﻋﺎ ﹶﺩ‬v. IV to repeat sth, do sth again; to give

‫ﻭﺣﺴﺐ ﺗﻘﺎﺭﻳﺮ ﺍﻷﻃﺒﺎﺀ ﻓﺈﻧﻪ ﰲ ﳖﺎﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﻬﺮ ﺍﳉﺎﺭﻱ‬ ‫ — ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﺳﲈﺣﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﺦ ﻗﺪ ﺃﳖﻰ ﻓﱰﺓ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺎﻫﺔ‬According

back, return sth

‫ ﻭﳌﺎ ﺃﻋﺎﺩ ﺍﳌﺤﺎﻭﻟﺔ ﺃﻏﻠﻘﺖ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬،‫ﺿﻐﻂ ﺭﻗﻤﻬﺎ ﻓﻠﻢ ﺗﺮﺩ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳋﻂ‬He dialed her number, but she didn’t

to the doctors’ reports, by the end of the current month his excellency the Sheikh will

answer, and when he tried again, she hung up

have completed his period of convalescence

on him

88 | 3576 |

99 | 3190 |

1083

1084

‫ ﹺﺳ ﹼﻦ‬n. age (of a person) ‫ﻳﻨﺒﻪ ﺍﻟﺪﻛﺘﻮﺭ ﳏﻤﻮﺩ ﺇﱃ ﺃﻥ ﺍﳌﺮﺃﺓ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺳﻦ ﺍﻷﺭﺑﻌﲔ ﻗﺪ‬ ‫ — ﲢﺪﺙ ﳍﺎ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻜﺒﺪ‬Dr Mahmoud

1089

him and beat his hand to make the cigarette

get kidney problems

fall on the floor

96 | 3282 |

99 | 3180 |

‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺩ ﹶﺭ ﹶﻙ‬v. IV to grasp, understand, comprehend ‫ ﹶﺃ ﱠ‬that; to reach, attain sth sth or ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ — ﻛﺎﻥ ﻳﺪﺭﻙ ﺃﻥ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﺮﺋﻴﺲ ﻗﺪ ﺗﻐﲑ ﺣﻴﺎﺗﻪ‬He

1090

fate, destiny

‫ﺍﻟﻘﻀﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻌﺴﻜﺮﻱ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﱂ ﺍﳌﺘﻘﺪﻡ ﻫﻮ ﳌﺤﺎﻛﻤﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻌﺴﻜﺮﻳﲔ ﺩﻭﻥ ﻏﲑﻫﻢ‬The military courts in

97 | 3240 |

‫ ﹶﻗ ﹾﻮ ﹺﻣ ﹼﻲ‬adj. national, state; nationalist ‫ﺇﻥ ﺍﳌﺴﺄﻟﺔ ﻻ ﺗﺘﻌﻠﻖ ﻫﻨﺎ ـ ﰲ ﺭﺃﻳﻲ ـ ﺑﺨﺼﺎﺋﺺ ﻗﻮﻣﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ ﺛﻘﺎﻓﻴﺔ ﺑﻘﺪﺭ ﻣﺎ ﺗﺘﻌﻠﻖ ﺑﻤﻨﻄﻖ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﻻ ﻳﻜﱰﺙ‬ ‫ — ﺑﺄﺧﻄﺎﺋﻪ‬The issue here is not related – in

the developed world are for military trials only 88 | 3557 |

1091

my opinion – to the national or cultural characteristics as much as it is related to the logic of a regime which doesn’t care about its

appointed minister plenipotentiary to Egypt

78 | 4019 |

82 | 3812 | +spo

1092

67 | 4697 | +spo

prizes and designed a lot of buildings in

Stories

‫ ﹺﺻ ﹾﻔﺮ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺻﻔﺎﺭ‬, Lev. ‫ ﺻﻔﻮﺭﺓ‬/Sfuura/ zero; adj. empty: ‫ ﺻﻔﺮ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻴﺪﹶ ﹾﻳﻦ‬empty-handed ‫ﺣﻘﻖ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺍﻕ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﺯﺍ ﺗﺎﺭﳜﻴﺎ ﺑﺘﺄﻫﻠﻪ ﺍﱃ ﺍﳌﺒﺎﺭﺍﺓ ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬ ٣-٤ ‫ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﻥ ﺍﻗﴡ ﻛﻮﺭﻳﺎ ﺍﳉﻨﻮﺑﻴﺔ ﺑﻔﻮﺯﻩ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻛﻼﺕ ﺍﻟﱰﺟﻴﺢ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﻧﺘﻬﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻮﻗﺘﲔ ﺍﻻﺻﲇ‬ ‫ ﺻﻔﺮ‬- ‫ — ﻭﺍﻻﺿﺎﰲ ﺻﻔﺮ‬Iraq has made a

76 | 4118 |

historic achievement by qualifying for the final

93 | 3386 |

1087

‫ ﺇﹺ ﹾﻓ ﹺﺮ ﹺ‬and ‫ﻳﻘﻲ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹺ‬African ‫ﻳﻘ ﹼﻲ‬ ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻓ ﹺﺮ ﹼ‬n./adj. pl. ‫ﻓﺎﺭ ﹶﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﺣﺼﻞ ﻋﲆ ﺟﺎﺋﺰﺓ ﺍﳉﺎﺭﺩﻳﺎﻥ ﻟﻠﻘﺼﺔ ﺍﻹﻓﺮﻳﻘﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﺼﲑﺓ‬ — He got the Guardian Prize for African Short

1088

‫ ﺍﹺ ﹾﺷ ﹶﺘﻐ ﹶﹶﻞ‬v. VIII to work, be employed ‫ ﳑﻜﻦ ﻳﺸﺘﻐﻞ ﲬﺴﺘﺎﴍ ﺳﺎﻋﺔ ﰲ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻮﺍﺣﺪ ﻟﻮ ﻧﻈﻢ ﻭﻗﺘﻪ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻡ‬A person, if he organizes his time, can work fifteen hours a day

brilliant and that she won a large number of America and Japan and Britain and Holland

‫ ﹶﺣ ﹾﻀ ﹶﺮﺓ‬n. (with pron., polite term of address) ‫( ﺣﴬﺗﻚ‬Egy.) /HaDritak/, (Lev.Irq.) /HaDirtak/ ‫ﺐ ﹶ ﹺ‬ ‫ ﺣ ﹶﴬﺓ ﹺ‬His Majesty ‫ﺻﺎﺣ ﹺ‬ you (masc.sg.); ‫ﺍﳉﻼ ﹶﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹾ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺃ ﺃﻥ ﺣﴬﺓ ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﺍﻟﺴﻌﺎﺩﺓ ﻣﺮﺍﺩ ﺳﻴﺪ ﺃﲪﺪ ﺑﺎﺷﺎ‬ ‫ — ﻋﲔ ﻭﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﻣﻔﻮﺿﺎ ﳌﴫ‬He read that His Eminence, Mr Murad Sayyed Ahmad Pasha was

errors

‫ ﺟ ﹺ‬prize, award, reward ‫ ﺟﺎﺋﹺﺰﹶﺓ‬n. pl. ‫ﻮﺍﺋﺰ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﳖﺎ ﻋﺒﻘﺮﻳﺔ ﻭﻗﺪ ﻓﺎﺯﺕ ﺑﻌﺪﺩ ﻛﺒﲑ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳉﻮﺍﺋﺰ‬ ‫ﻭﺻﻤﻤﺖ ﺍﻟﻜﺜﲑ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﺒﺎﲏ ﰲ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﻭﺍﻟﻴﺎﺑﺎﻥ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺑﺮﻳﻄﺎﻧﻴﺎ ﻭﻫﻮﻟﻨﺪﺍ‬He said that she was

‫ ﹶﻗﻀﺎﺀ‬n. justice, judiciary; court, court system; district, province; judgment, ruling, decision;

change his life

1086

‫ ﹶﺿ ﹶﺮ ﹶﺏ‬v. I (i) to strike, hit; ‫ ﹶﺿ ﹶﺮ ﹶﺏ ﹶﻣ ﹶﺜ ﹰﻼ‬to give an example (‫ ﻝ‬of ) ‫ﻫﺠﻢ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺃﺣﺪ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﺎﻥ ﻭﴐﺏ ﻳﺪﻩ ﻟﺘﺴﻘﻂ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺠﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ — ﻋﲆ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ‬One of the young men attacked

warns that women after the age of forty might

realized that meeting with the president could

1085

107

‫( ﹴ‬def. ‫ﺟﺎﺭﻱ‬ ‫ ) ﹺ‬adj. current, present (time); ‫ﺟﺎﺭ‬

1093

match after excluding South Korea by beating them 4–3 on penalty kicks after the end of

occurring, taking place, in progress; flowing,

the original and additional periods 0–0

running (liquid)

97 | 3252 |

108

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

1094

‫ ﹺ‬adj. present (time); (person) present, ‫ﺣﺎﴐ‬ attending; n. pl. -uun, ‫ﻀﻮﺭ‬ ‫ ﹸﺣ ﹸ‬person present, ‫( ﹺ‬Dia.) ‫ ﹸ‬audience; ‫ﺣﺎﴐ‬ participant; ‫ﻀﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﳊ ﹸ‬

1100

(suggestion); to advance, be ahead (in age, experience)

‫ﺍﻟﻔﻠﺴﻄﻴﻨﻴﻮﻥ ﺗﻘﺪﻣﻮﺍ ﺑﻄﻠﺐ ﺃﻣﺲ ﻟﻨﻘﻞ ﻟﻮﺍﺀ ﺑﺪﺭ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻷﺭﺩﻥ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻀﻔﺔ ﺍﻟﻐﺮﺑﻴﺔ‬The Palestinians

interj. ok, yes

‫ ﻭﺭﺍﺡ ﻳﺘﻔﺤﺺ ﺍﳊﺎﴐﻳﻦ ﺑﻨﻈﺮﺍﺗﻪ‬،‫ﺳﺎﺩ ﺻﻤﺖ ﻣﺘﻮﺗﺮ‬ ‫ ﺛﻢ ﺃﻋﻠﻦ ﺍﻻﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﺇﱃ ﺟﺪﻭﻝ ﺍﻷﻋﲈﻝ‬،‫— ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻳﺔ‬

submitted a request yesterday to transfer

A tense silence prevailed, and he began to

General Badr from Jordan to the West Bank

scan those present with his searching look,

89 | 3471 |

and then he announced (his) moving on to the agenda

1101

97 | 3215 |

1095

I have to pay everything by myself: school

grow

expenses, the cost of food and clothing, and

‫ — ﻟﻘﺪ ﺍﺭﺗﻔﻌﺖ ﺃﺳﻌﺎﺭ ﻛﺜﲑ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻊ‬The prices

the gas and electric bills

of a lot of goods rose

96 | 3219 |

1102

Imam

‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺃﺣﺪ ﺃﺋﻤﺔ ﺍﳌﺴﺠﺪ ﺇﻥ ﻇﻬﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻋﻼﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻗﱰﺍﺏ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﻋﺔ‬One of the Imams of the

٣٠ ‫ﻗﺎﻟﺖ ﺟﻼﻟﺘﻬﺎ ﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﱂ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﰊ ﺑﺤﺎﺟﺔ ﳋﻠﻖ‬ ‫— ﻣﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻭﻇﻴﻔﺔ ﺧﻼﻝ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﻮﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﴩ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺩﻣﺔ‬

mosque said that its appearance was one of

Her Majesty said that the Arab World needs

the signs of the nearness of the hour (Day of

to create 30 million jobs within the coming

Judgement)

ten years

90 | 3450 |

91 | 3434 |

‫ ﹶﻗﺒﹺ ﹶﻞ‬v. I (a) to accept, receive; approve ..‫ ﻫﻞ ﻧﻘﺒﻞ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻄﺎﻟﺐ؟‬..‫ﺃﺭﻳﺪ ﺃﻥ ﺃﻋﺮﻑ ﺭﺃﻳﻜﻢ‬ ‫— ﺃﻣﺎﻛﻦ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻴﺎ ﻋﻨﺪﻧﺎ ﳏﺪﻭﺩﺓ ﻛﲈ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻮﻥ‬

1103

considering it to be shameful

this student? Graduate study slots here are

97 | 3185 |

very limited as you know

1098

‫ ﹺﺟﻴﻞ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺟﻴﺎﻝ‬generation, age ‫ﺍﳉﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﻳﻢ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻳﺮﻓﺾ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﻐﺎﺭ ﺟﻠﺴﺎﲥﻢ‬ ‫ — ﻭﻳﻌﺘﱪﻭﻧﻪ ﻋﻴﺒﺎ‬The old generation refused to let young people participate in its sessions,

I want to know your opinion...Do we accept

99 | 3151 |

‫ ﺇﹺﻣﺎﻡ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹺﺋ ﱠﻤﺔ‬imam (person who leads

prayers at the mosque); (used as a title)

‫ ﹶﺧ ﹾﻠﻖ‬vn. creating, forming; n. creation; creatures, humankind

1097

‫ ﹶﺛ ﹶﻤﻦ‬n. price, cost; value, worth ‫ ﻣﺼﺎﺭﻳﻒ ﺍﳌﺪﺭﺳﺔ‬:‫ﻋﲇ ﺃﻥ ﺃﺩﻓﻊ ﻭﺣﺪﻱ ﻛﻞ ﺷﻰﺀ‬ ‫— ﻭﺛﻤﻦ ﺍﻟﻄﻌﺎﻡ ﻭﺍﳌﻼﺑﺲ ﻭﻓﻮﺍﺗﲑ ﺍﻟﻐﺎﺯ ﻭﺍﻟﻜﻬﺮﺑﺎﺀ‬

‫ ﺍﹺ ﹾﺭ ﹶﺗ ﹶﻔ ﹶﻊ‬v. VIII to rise, ascend; to increase,

89 | 3510 |

1096

‫ ﹶﺗ ﹶﻘﺪﱠ ﹶﻡ‬v. V to present, submit (request), offer

1104

‫ ﹶﻗ ﹺ‬list, index; ‫ﻮﺍﺋﻢ‬ ‫ ﹶﻗ ﹺ‬legs ‫ ﻗﺎﺋﹺ ﹶﻤﺔ‬n. pl. ‫ﻮﺍﺋﻢ‬ (chair)

‫ ﻣ ﹺ‬feeling, sense, emotion ‫ ﹶﻣ ﹾﺸ ﹶﻌﺮ‬n. pl. ‫ﺸﺎﻋﺮ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻣﺘﺄﻛﺪﺓ ﺃﻧﻪ ﳛﻤﻞ ﳍﺎ ﰲ ﻗﻠﺒﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﺸﺎﻋﺮ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ‬ ‫ — ﳑﺎ ﲢﻤﻠﻪ ﻫﻲ ﻟﻪ ﰲ ﻗﻠﺒﻬﺎ‬She was certain that he was carrying more feelings for her in his

‫ﺃﻱ ﺭﻗﻢ ﺳﻴﻜﻮﻥ ﺭﻗﻤﻲ ﰲ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ﺍﻻﻏﺘﻴﺎﻻﺕ ﺣﺴﺐ‬ ‫ — ﺭﺃﻳﻚ؟‬What will be my number in the list

heart than she was carrying for him in her heart

of assassinations in your opinion?

88 | 3489 |

88 | 3550 |

1099

‫ ﻣ ﹺ‬principle, basis; fundamental ‫ ﹶﻣ ﹾﺒﺪﹶ ﺃ‬n. pl. ‫ﺒﺎﺩﺉ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ concept

‫ — ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺑﺎ ﱂ ﻳﻘﺪ ﺟﻴﻮﺷﺎ ﺑﻞ ﻧﴩ ﺍﳌﺒﺎﺩﺉ‬The Pope did

1105

‫ ﹸﻣﺒﺎ ﹶﺩ ﹶﺭﺓ‬n. pl. -aat initiative; proposal ‫ﻗﺎﻟﺖ ﺇﻥ ﺑﻌﺾ ﻋﻨﺎﴏ ﻣﺒﺎﺩﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ‬ ‫— ﺗﻨﺎﻗﺾ ﻣﺒﺪﺃ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﺘﲔ ﺍﻟﻔﻠﺴﻄﻴﻨﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻹﴎﺍﺋﻴﻠﻴﺔ‬ She said that some elements of the Arab

not lead armies, but rather he spread

peace initiative contradict the principle of

principles

two states, a Palestinian and an Israeli one

94 | 3303 |

83 | 3719 |

Frequency index

1106

‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻧﺘﹸﻢ‬pron. you (masc.pl.) ‫ ﻳﻮﻣﺎ ﻣﺎ ﺳﻴﻜﻮﻥ ﺑﻤﻘﺪﻭﺭﻛﻢ ﺃﻥ‬..‫ﺃﻧﺘﻢ ﳏﻈﻮﻇﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﻮﻟﻮﺍ ﻷﻭﻻﺩﻛﻢ ﺇﻧﻜﻢ ﻗﺎﺑﻠﺘﻢ ﺍﻟﺰﻋﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﻌﻈﻴﻢ ﻭﺟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ — ﻟﻮﺟﻪ‬You are lucky...one day you will be

109

‫ﻻ ﺗﺴﺄﻟﻨﻲ ﻋﻦ ﻛﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﺻﻴﻞ ﻭﻻ ﺗﻜﻠﻤﻨﻲ ﰲ ﻓﻠﺴﻔﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳊﺐ ﻫﺬﻩ‬Don’t ask me about all the details and don’t speak to me about this philosophy of love

able to tell your children that you met the

97 | 3114 |

great leader face to face 93 | 3308 |

1107

1113

‫ ﹶﺟ ﹶﻤ ﹶﻊ‬v. I (a) to bring together, gather, assemble (things, people)

He was engrossed in preparing for a lecture he

‫ﺍﺧﺘﺎﺭ ﺭﺑﻮﺓ ﻋﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﺃﻗﺎﻡ ﻓﻮﻗﻬﺎ ﻗﴫﺍ ﺿﺨﲈ ﲨﻊ ﻓﻴﻪ‬ ‫ — ﺃﻟﻮﺍﻧﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻒ ﻭﺃﺣﺎﻃﻪ ﺑﺤﺪﻳﻘﺔ ﲨﻴﻠﺔ‬He

was giving in a while 87 | 3477 |

chose a high hill on which he built a huge palace in which he gathered various types of artwork, and he surrounded it with a beautiful

1114

‫ﻣﻦ ﺃﻫﻢ ﻣﺪﳖﺎ ﻛﻠﺒﺎﺀ ﻭﺧﻮﺭﻓﻜﺎﻥ ﻭﺗﻘﻊ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺣﻞ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﴩﻗﻲ ﳋﻠﻴﺞ ﻋﲈﻥ‬Two of its most

94 | 3254 |

important cities are Kalba and Khor Fakkan,

‫ ﹶﺛﻼ ﹸﺛﻮﻥ‬num. thirty; thirtieth ‫— ﺃﻋﺮﻑ ﺃﻧﻚ ﻗﺎﺑﻠﺘﻪ ﺣﲔ ﺯﺍﺭ ﻣﴫ ﺳﻨﺔ ﺳﺘﺔ ﻭﺛﻼﺛﲔ‬

and they are located on the eastern coast of the Gulf of Oman

I know that you met him when he visited

96 | 3140 |

Egypt in 1936 98 | 3095 |

1109

‫ ﺍﹺ ﹾﺧ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻠ ﹶ‬v. VIII to be different ‫ ﻋﻦ‬from sth/sb; ‫ﻒ‬ to disagree ‫ ﻣﻊ‬with sb (‫ﰲ‬/‫ ﻋﲆ‬about) ‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺚ ﺃﻥ ﻧﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺍﻵﻥ ﺣﻮﻝ ﻣﺎ ﺣﺪﺙ ﻣﻨﺬ ﺛﻼﺛﲔ‬ ‫ — ﻋﺎﻣﺎ‬It is useless to argue now about what happened thirty years ago

1115

92 | 3265 |

1116

‫ ﻭﻟﻸﺳﻒ ﻣﺎ ﺃﻗﺪﺭ‬،‫ ﻭﺍﷲ ﻣﺎ ﺃﻋﺮﻑ‬- ‫ﻣﺘﻰ ﺧﻄﺒﻬﺎ؟‬ ‫ — ﺃﺳﺄﻝ ﻧﺰﺍﺭ ﻋﻦ ﺣﺎﺟﺔ ﺯﻱ ﻛﺪﻩ‬When did he ask for her hand in marriage? – Really, I don’t know, and unfortunately I can’t ask Nizar

with (sb’s request)

about something like this

‫ ﺳﺄﺳﺄﻟﻚ ﺳﺆﺍﻻ ﻭﺃﺭﺟﻮ ﺃﻥ ﲡﻴﺐ‬،‫ﺍﺳﻤﻊ ﻳﺎ ﻃﺎﺭﻕ‬ ‫ — ﺑﴫﺍﺣﺔ‬Listen, Tariq, I will ask you a 89 | 3397 |

1111

1112

‫ ﹸﺷ ﹸﻌﻮﺭ‬n. feeling, sentiment, awareness ‫ﻟﻔﻈﺔ »ﻳﺎ ﻭﻟﺪﻱ« ﻗﺪ ﺃﻳﻘﻈﺖ ﰲ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻬﺎ ﺷﻌﻮﺭﺍ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﺍ‬ ‫ — ﻋﺬﺑﺎ‬The phrase “my boy” awoke within her

‫ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺳﻒ‬n. sorry, regret, remorse; pity, sympathy; ‫ ﻟﹺ ﹾﹶﻸﺳ ﹺ‬unfortunately; ‫ﻒ‬ ‫ ﻳﺎ ﹶﻟ ﹾﹶﻸﺳ ﹺ‬how ‫ﻒ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ unfortunate!

‫ﺟﺎﺏ‬ ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹶ‬v. IV to respond, reply (‫ ﺇﱃ‬to sb or a ‫ﹶﺃ ﱠ‬ question) ‫ﻋﲆ‬/‫ ﻋﻦ‬about; to answer, reply ‫ﻥ‬ that or ‫ ﺏ‬with (a yes, a no); to comply ‫ﺇﱃ‬

question and I beg you to answer frankly

‫ ) ﹶﻳ ﹾﻮﻡ( ﹶ‬Thursday ‫ ﹶ ﹺﲬﻴﺲ‬n. ‫ﺍﳋ ﹺﻤﻴﺲ‬ ‫ — ﺳﺄﻧﺘﻈﺮ ﺍﱃ ﻣﺎ ﺑﻌﺪ ﻳﻮﻡ ﺍﳋﻤﻴﺲ ﻻﺑﺪﺃ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬I will wait until after Thursday to begin work

97 | 3129 |

1110

‫ ﹶﺷ ﹾﺮ ﹺﻗ ﹼﻲ‬adj. Eastern, oriental; n. East, eastern region

garden

1108

‫ ﺇﹺ ﹾﻋﺪﺍﺩ‬vn. preparation ‫ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻣﻨﻬﻤﻜﺎ ﰱ ﺍﻻﻋﺪﺍﺩ ﳌﺤﺎﴐﺓ‬،‫ﺭﻓﻊ ﺭﺃﺳﻪ ﺑﺒﻂﺀ‬ ‫ — ﺳﻴﻠﻘﻴﻬﺎ ﺑﻌﺪ ﻗﻠﻴﻞ‬He raised his head slowly.

96 | 3147 |

1117

‫ ﹶﺃﻓﺎ ﹶﺩ‬v. IV to report ‫ﺑﹺ ﹶﺄ ﱠﻥ‬/‫ ﹶﺃ ﱠﻥ‬that; to provide ‫( ﺏ‬information); to be useful, be effective (for sb)

‫ﺍﻓﺎﺩ ﺷﻬﻮﺩ ﻋﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻥ ﳎﻬﻮﻻ ﻫﺎﺟﻢ ﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﻻﺣﺪ ﻓﻨﺪﻗﺎ ﰲ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪﻳﺸﻮ ﻳﻘﻴﻢ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﻮﻥ ﰲ ﻣﺆﲤﺮ ﺍﳌﺼﺎﳊﺔ ﺍﻟﻮﻃﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺑﻘﻨﺒﻠﺔ ﻳﺪﻭﻳﺔ‬Eyewitnesses stated that an

sweet new feelings

unknown assailant on Sunday night attacked

96 | 3147 |

with a hand grenade a hotel in Mogadishu

‫ ﺗ ﹺ‬detail, elaboration; ‫ ﹶﺗ ﹾﻔ ﹺﺼﻴﻞ‬n. pl. ‫ﹶﻔﺎﺻﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ ﺑﺎﻟ ﱠﺘ ﹾﻔﺼﻴﻞ‬in detail

in which participants in the National Reconciliation Conference are staying 95 | 3174 | +news

110

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

1118

‫ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻘﺪ‬vn. holding, concluding, convening

1121

(meeting)

‫ﺃﺻﺪﺭ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻨﻜﺮ ﻓﻴﻪ ﺍﳉﺮﻳﻤﺔ ﺍﻻﴎﺍﺋﻴﻠﻴﺔ ﰲ ﺑﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﺎ ﺑﻌﻘﺪ ﺍﺟﺘﲈﻉ ﻓﻮﺭﻱ ﳉﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻝ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ‬He issued a communiqué in which

Yvonne was satisfied with what she had learned of French in the summer 99 | 3032 |

he condemned the Israeli crime in Bet Hanun, calling for an immediate meeting of the

1122

League of Arab States

adj. modified, altered, amended

‫ ﻟﻴﺶ‬/leesh/ (Lev.Irq.Gul.) interrog. why ‫ — ﻟﻴﺶ ﻣﺎ ﻗﻠﺘﻲ ﱄ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻭﻝ؟‬Why didn’t you tell

in the Gaza Strip is twice as high as the

me in the first place?

87 | 3433 |

poverty rate in the West Bank

51 | 5870 | +spo

1120

‫ ﹸﻣ ﹶﻌﺪﱠ ﻝ‬n. pl. -aat average, rate, mean figure; ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻻﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﻘﺮ ﰲ ﻗﻄﺎﻉ ﻏﺰﺓ ﺗﻔﻮﻕ ﻣﻌﺪﻻﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﻘﺮ ﰲ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻀﻔﺔ ﺍﻟﻐﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﺑﺤﻮﺍﱄ ﺍﻟﻀﻌﻒ‬The poverty rate

88 | 3412 |

1119

‫ ﹶﺻ ﹾﻴﻒ‬n. summer ‫— ﺍﻛﺘﻔﺖ ﺇﻳﻔﻮﻥ ﺑﲈ ﺗﻌﻠﻤﺘﻪ ﰱ ﺍﻟﺼﻴﻒ ﻣﻦ ﻓﺮﻧﺴﻴﺔ‬

‫ﻱ‬ ‫ ﹶﺑ ﹶﺸ ﹺﺮ ﹼ‬adj. human ‫ — ﺇﻥ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺳﻴﻘﻮﺩ ﺍﳉﻨﺲ ﺍﻟﺒﴩﻱ ﻧﺤﻮ ﺍﻟﺪﻣﺎﺭ‬This

1123

‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﺴﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ ﹶﺧ ﹶ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺧﺴﺎﺋﺮ‬loss, failure; casualty, damage ‫— ﻗﺎﻟﺖ ﺇﻥ ﻭﻓﺎﺗﻪ ﺧﺴﺎﺭﺓ ﻛﺒﲑﺓ ﻟﻠﻌﺮﺍﻕ ﻭﺃﺳﱰﺍﻟﻴﺎ‬ She said that his death was a big loss to Iraq

will lead the human race to ruin

and Australia

88 | 3413 |

97 | 3068 |

15 Nationalities Arab 45 107 177 212 381 479 578 878 1063 1266 1371 1405 1663 1689 1739 1847 2017 2052 2642 3264 7189 7364 7538 7629

‫ﻋﺮﰊ‬ ‫ﻓﻠﺴﻄﻴﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺍﻗﻲ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻟﺒﻨﺎﲏ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻣﴫﻱ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺳﻌﻮﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺃﺭﺩﲏ‬ ‫ﻛﻮﻳﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺩﺍﲏ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺧﻠﻴﺠﻲ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﰊ‬ ‫ﻣﻐﺮ ﹼ‬ ‫ﺟﺰﺍﺋﺮﻱ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻳﻤﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﺮﻱ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻋﲈﲏ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻧﴘ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﰐ‬ ‫ﺇﻣﺎﺭﺍ ﹼ‬ ‫ﺑﺤﺮﻳﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻛﻮﰲ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺑﴫﻱ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺣﺠﺎﺯﻱ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻣﻜ ﹼﹼﻲ‬

Non-Arab Arab

85

Palestinian

233

Iraqi

572

Lebanese

603

Egyptian

907

Saudi

944

Syrian

1087

Jordanian

1166

Kuwaiti

1462

Sudanese

1480

from Gulf

1491

Moroccan

1640

Algerian

1763

Yemeni

1954

Libyan

2346

Qatari

2479

Omani

2746

Tunisian

3096

Emirati

3173

Bahraini

3670

from Kufa

3723

from Basra

3726

from Hijaz

3771

Meccan

4320

‫ﺃﻣﺮﻳﻜﻲ‬ ‫ﺇﴎﺍﺋﻴﲇ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻧﴘ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﰊ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺭﻭ ﹼ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻳﻄﺎﲏ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺇﻳﺮﺍﲏ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺇﻓﺮﻳﻘﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﳌﺎﲏ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺇﻧﺠﻠﻴﺰﻱ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﻛﻲ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﳼ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺪﻱ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺻﻴﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺇﻳﻄﺎ ﹼﱄ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺑﺎﲏ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺁﺳﻴﻮﻱ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺇﺳﺒﺎﲏ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﻓﻴﻴﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻛﺴﺘﺎﲏ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻳﻮﻧﺎﲏ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺯﻳﲇ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻛﻮﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﺭﳼ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻋﺜﲈﲏ‬ ‫ﹼ‬

4331 American

4410

Israeli

4665

French

4728

European

4981

British

5139

Iranian

5311

African

5469

German

5619

English

5783

Turkish

6994

Russian

7047

Indian

7968

Chinese Italian

Dutch Canadian Kurdistani Somali Portuguese Danish Swedish Swiss Afghan Indonesian Cuban Malian Venetian

Groups in Arab countries

Japanese

229

Asian

702

Spanish

1561

Soviet

1811

Pakistani

1872

Greek

2296

Brazilian

4804

Korean

5844

Persian

6729

Ottoman

‫ﻫﻮﻻﻧﺪﻱ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺪﻱ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﲏ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺻﻮﻣﺎ ﹼﱄ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺗﻐﺎ ﹼﱄ‬ ‫ﺩﻧﲈﺭﻛﻲ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﻳﺪﻱ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﻳﴪﻱ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺃﻓﻐﺎﲏ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺇﻧﺪﻭﻧﻴﴘ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﰊ‬ ‫ﻛﻮ ﹼ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ ﹼﱄ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺪﻗﻲ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﻠﻢ‬ ‫ﳞﻮﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﻴﺤﻲ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺳﻨ ﹼﹼﻲ‬ ‫ﺷﻴﻌﻲ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻧﴫﺍﲏ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺭﻭﲏ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟﻜﻲ‬ ‫ﹼ‬

Muslim Jew Christian Sunni Shiite Kurd Christian Maronite Malikite

Frequency index

1124

‫ ﹶﻓ ﹺ‬benefit, use, usefulness; (fin.) ‫ ﻓﺎﺋﹺﺪﹶ ﺓ‬n. pl. ‫ﻮﺍﺋﺪ‬

1131

‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﻟﺼﺎﻟﺔ ﺍﳋﺎﺭﺟﻴﺔ ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻘﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﻐﺮﻓﺔ ﻳﺘﺄﻣﻞ ﺍﳉﺪﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻳﺪﺓ ﺍﻟﻘﺬﺍﺭﺓ ﻭﻳﻨﺪﻫﺶ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺋﺤﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻰ ﺗﺼﻌﺪ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ — ﺩﻭﺭﺓ ﺍﳌﻴﺎﻩ‬He was in the outer hall that

‫ — ﺍﳌﺎﻝ ﻻ ﻓﺎﺋﺪﺓ ﻣﻨﻪ ﺇﺫﺍ ﱂ ﳜﺪﻡ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ‬There is no use for money if it doesn’t serve the people 96 | 3113 |

is attached to the room, considering the

‫ ﹺﺧ ﹾﺒ ﹶﺮﺓ‬n. pl. -aat, ‫ ﹺﺧ ﹾﺒ ﹶﺮﺍﺕ‬experience, expertise ‫ﺃﻛﺪﺕ ﻟﻪ ﺃﻧﻨﻰ ﻋﻤﻠﺖ ﺳﻜﺮﺗﲑﺓ ﺗﻨﻔﻴﺬﻳﺔ ﻟﺴﻨﻮﺍﺕ ﻭﺃﻥ‬ ‫ — ﻣﻌﻰ ﺷﻬﺎﺩﺍﺕ ﺧﱪﺓ‬I assured him that I

extremely dirty walls and being surprised at the smell coming out of the bathroom 89 | 3316 |

worked as an executive secretary for years and that I have certificates of experience

1132

96 | 3090 |

1126

staff of the magazine held an interview with

attribute; trait

him in which he spoke about his life story and his cultural and artistic journey

She is an innocent girl, and I loved her

95 | 3115 |

specifically for that characteristic

‫ ﻣ ﹺ‬scene, view, spectacle, ‫ ﹶﻣ ﹾﺸ ﹶﻬﺪ‬n. pl. ‫ﺸﺎﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﹶ‬

‫ ﹸﻫ ﹸﺠﻮﻡ‬n. attack, assault; charge, raid ‫ﺑﺪﺃﺕ ﺃﻣﺴﱰﺩﺍﻡ ﰱ ﻏﻤﺮ ﺃﺟﺰﺍﺀ ﻣﻦ ﺣﺪﻭﺩﻫﺎ ﺑﺎﳌﻴﺎﻩ‬ ‫ — ﻟﻌﺮﻗﻠﺔ ﺃ￯ ﻫﺠﻮﻡ ﺃﳌﺎﲏ‬Amsterdam began to

￯‫ﻭﻣﺎ ﺇﻥ ﻓﺘﺤﺖ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺏ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺗﺒﺪ￯ ﺃﻣﺎﻣﻬﺎ ﺍﳌﺸﻬﺪ ﺍﻟﺬ‬ ‫ — ﻟﻦ ﻳﻔﺎﺭﻕ ﺫﻫﻨﻬﺎ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺃﺑﺪﺍ‬Hardly had she

87 | 3376 |

88 | 3378 |

1133

flood parts of its outlying areas with water to

sight

prevent any German attack

opened the door when a scene that will never be erased from her memory appeared before

1134

her 88 | 3365 |

1128

bullets from fanatics

of the private establishments 92 | 3209 |

1135

‫ ﹶﲡ ﹶﺎﻭ ﹶﺯ‬v. VI to surmount, overcome sth; to exceed, go beyond, overstep sth; to

98 | 3049 |

1130

‫ ﹸﻣ ﹶﻬﻨ ﹺﹾﺪﺱ‬n. engineer, technician ￯‫ﺷﻐﻞ ﻓﻴﺼﻞ ﻭﻫﻮ ﺷﺎﺏ ﻭﻇﻴﻔﺔ ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺱ ﺍﺣﺼﺎﺀ ﻟﺪ‬ ‫ — ﺍﺣﺪ￯ ﺍﳌﺆﺳﺴﺎﺕ ﺍﳋﺎﺻﺔ‬As a young man Faisal worked as a statistical engineer with one

‫ ﹶﻟ ﹺﻘ ﹶﻲ‬v. I (a) to find; meet, encounter sb/sth ‫— ﺑﻌﺪ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺑﺸﻬﻮﺭ ﻟﻘﻲ ﻣﴫﻋﻪ ﺑﺮﺻﺎﺹ ﺍﳌﺘﻌﺼﺒﲔ‬ A few months after that he was killed by

1129

‫ﳎ ﱠﻠﺔ‬ ‫ ﹶ ﹶ‬n. pl. -aat magazine, journal ‫ﺃﺟﺮﺕ ﻣﻌﻪ ﺃﴎﺓ ﲢﺮﻳﺮ ﺍﳌﺠﻠﺔ ﺣﻮﺍﺭﺍ ﲢﺪﺙ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ — ﺳﲑﺗﻪ ﻭﻣﺴﲑﺗﻪ ﺍﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻨﻴﺔ‬The editorial

‫ ﹺﺻ ﹶﻔﺔ‬n. pl. -aat feature, characteristic, ‫ ﻭﻟﻘﺪ ﺃﺣﺒﺒﺘﻬﺎ ﳍﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﺬﺍﺕ‬،‫— ﺍﳖﺎ ﻓﺘﺎﺓ ﺳﺎﺫﺟﺔ‬

1127

‫ ﹺ‬/‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺯﻝ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﺍﳉﺪﺍﺭ‬ ‫ ﹺﺟﺪﺍﺭ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﺟﺪﹾ ﺭﺍﻥ‬wall; ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺻﻞ‬ the Wall of Separation, the West Bank Wall

interest

1125

111

disregard, bypass sth

‫( ﹶﲢﺪﱟ‬def. ‫ ) ﹶ ﹶﲢﺪﱢ ﻱ‬n. pl. -aat challenge ‫ﻛﻴﻒ ﺍﺳﺘﻄﻌﺘﻢ ﺳﻴﺎﺩﺗﻜﻢ ﺃﻥ ﲡﺘﺎﺯﻭﺍ ﺑﻤﴫ ﻛﻞ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﱪ￯؟‬How were you, Your

‫ﻋﺎﺷﺖ ﻋﻤﺮﻫﺎ ﻣﻠﺘﺰﻣﺔ ﻭﱂ ﺗﺴﻤﺢ ﻷﺣﺪ ﰱ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺔ ﺑﺄﻥ‬ ‫ — ﻳﺘﺠﺎﻭﺯ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﺰﻣﺎﻟﺔ‬She lived her life in accordance with the rules, and she did not

Excellency, able to get Egypt through all the

allow anyone in the college to go beyond the

major challenges?

line of being merely colleagues

89 | 3349 |

89 | 3316 |

‫ ﹶﻋ ﹼﻤﺎ‬prep.phr. (‫ ) ﹶﻋ ﹾﻦ ﻣﺎ‬about what, from what; ‫ ﻋ ﹼﹶﲈ ﹶﻗ ﹺﺮ ﹴ‬shortly, soon; concerning, regarding; ‫ﻳﺐ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ ‫( ﹶﻋ ﹼﲈ ﺇﺫﺍ‬about) whether ‫ ﺃﺭﺟﻮ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻐﻔﺮ￯ ﱄ‬..‫ﺃﻧﺎ ﺃﻋﺘﺬﺭ ﻋﲈ ﻗﻠﺘﻪ ﻟﻚ ﻳﺎ ﺳﻴﺪﰐ‬

1136

‫ ﹺﺻ ﹺ‬adj. industrial, industrialized; ‫ﻨﺎﻋ ﹼﻲ‬

manufacturing; artificial

‫ ﻭﺇﺫﺍ ﱂ‬،‫ﺿﻊ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﻟﻮﺭﻭﺩ ﻭﺍﻟﺰﻫﻮﺭ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﻌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺗﺘﻮﺍﻓﺮ ﻓﻴﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﻭﺿﻊ ﺍﻟﺰﻫﻮﺭ ﺍﻟﺼﻨﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬Put some

— I apologize for what I said to you, ma’am. I

natural roses and flowers in it, and if there aren’t

beg you to forgive me

any, then you can put in artificial flowers

89 | 3313 |

91 | 3228 |

112

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

1137

1138

‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﺴﺎﺣﺔ‬ ‫ ﻣ ﹶ‬n. pl. -aat surface; space; land, terrain ‫ ﺗﻄﻞ ﻋﲆ ﺷﺎﺭﻉ‬،‫ﻳﻤﺘﻠﻚ ﺷﻘﺔ ﻓﺎﺧﺮﺓ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺴﺘﻮﻳﲔ‬ ‫ — ﻓﻴﺼﻞ ﺑﺎﳍﺮﻡ‬He owns a luxurious apartment

1143

with two levels, which looks out on Faisal

on all attempts to have him learn even a

Street in the Pyramids area

single letter either at the Qur)an school or at

96 | 3077 |

the mosque or at home

‫ ﹶﻗ ﹶﴣ‬v. I (i) to eliminate ‫ ﻋﲆ‬sth/sb; to pass, spend (time, holiday); to stipulate, decree ‫ﺏ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ sth; to fulfill, complete (a duty); (pass.) ‫ﴤ‬ ‫ﹸﻗ ﹶ‬ ‫ ﹶﻋ ﹶﻠﻴﻪﹺ‬to be sentenced ‫ﹾ‬ ‫— ﺛﻴﺎﲠﺎ ﻣﺘﺴﺨﺔ ﻭﻛﺄﳖﺎ ﻗﻀﺖ ﻟﻴﻠﺘﻬﺎ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻟﺮﺻﻴﻒ‬

94 | 3111 |

1144

‫ ﻫﻞ ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﺃﻥ ﲢﱰﻡ‬..‫ ﺃﻧﺎ ﻣﺴﻴﺤﻴﺔ ﻣﺆﻣﻨﺔ‬..‫ﺃﺭﺟﻮﻙ‬ ‫ — ﻣﺸﺎﻋﺮ￯ ﻗﻠﻴﻼ؟‬I beg you...I am a believing Christian...Can you respect my feelings

on the sidewalk

somewhat?

99 | 2985 |

‫ ﹸﻣ ﹶﺤﺪﱠ ﺩ‬adj. defined, determined, set ‫ﻟﻴﺲ ﻟﺪﻳﻪ ﺗﻌﻠﻴﲈﺕ ﳏﺪﺩﺓ ﰱ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ ﺩﺧﻮﻝ ﺍﻷﳌﺎﻥ ﺇﱃ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳌﺪﻳﻨﺔ‬He does not have specific instructions

87 | 3361 |

1145

curriculum)

‫ﻋﺮﻓﺖ ﴎ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﻧﻚ ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ￯ ﻓﻬﻮ ﻻ ﻳﻌﺘﻤﺪ‬ ‫ﺃﺳﺎﺳﺎ ﻋﲆ ﺯﺑﺎﺋﻨﻪ ﺍﳌﺤﺪﻭﺩﻳﻦ ﻭﻟﻜﻦ ﻋﲆ ﺃﺻﺤﺎﺏ‬ ￯‫ — ﺍﳊﻮﺍﻧﻴﺖ ﺑﺸﺎﺭﻉ ﺍﳌﻬﺪ‬I found out the

95 | 3086 |

‫ﹺ‬ ‫ ﺗﹺ ﹾﺴ ﹶﻌﺔ‬num. fem. ‫ ﺗﹺ ﹾﺴﻊ‬nine; ‫ﹶﴩ‬ ‫ ﺗ ﹾﺴ ﹶﻌ ﹶﺔ ﻋ ﹶ ﹶ‬nineteen ‫ﻭﺑﻠﻎ ﻋﺪﺩ ﺍﳉﻨﻮﺩ ﺍﳌﺘﻘﺎﺗﻠﲔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺣﻴﺘﲔ ﻋﲆ ﺍﳉﺒﻬﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮﻭﺳﻴﺔ ﺗﺴﻌﺔ ﻣﻼﻳﲔ ﺟﻨﺪ￯ ﰱ ﺣﺮﺏ ﱂ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻬﺎ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺒﴩﻳﺔ ﴐﺍﻭﺓ‬The number of fighting

economic secret of Al-Karnak, for it does not

soldiers from the two sides on the Russian

Street

front was nine million soldiers in a war of

94 | 3088 |

rely at base on its limited customers, but rather on the owners of the shops in Al-Mahdi

a ferocity that mankind had never known 96 | 3049 |

1141

1146

‫ ﹶﺗ ﹾﻌ ﹺﺪﻳﻞ‬n. pl. -aat change, modification; adjustment; amendment; reshuffle (cabinet)

of agitation will sweep over her without a reason 95 | 3052 | +lit

gone in the direction of instituting changes in the law of publications and publishing, according to which the punishment of

1147

imprisoning journalists will be cancelled 85 | 3441 |

‫ ﻧ ﹸﹸﻤ ﹼﻮ‬n. development, growth; progress ‫ﻣﺎﺩﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﺘﺪﺧﲔ ﻳﺆﺛﺮ ﰲ ﻧﻤﻮ ﺩﻣﺎﻍ ﺍﳉﻨﲔ ﻓﻤﻦ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﻌﻲ‬ ￯‫ﺃﻥ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﻟﻪ ﺗﺄﺛﲑ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﺒﲇ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻠﻴﺔ ﻟﺪ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬As long as smoking influences the

‫ ﹶﻓ ﹾﺠ ﹶﺄﺓ‬and ‫ ﹸﻓ ﹾﺠ ﹶﺄﺓ‬n. surprise; ‫ ﹶﻓ ﹾﺠ ﹶﺄ ﹰﺓ‬suddenly ‫ ﻭﻓﺠﺄﺓ ﺗﻨﺘﺎﲠﺎ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ‬،‫ﺗﻜﻮﻥ ﻫﺎﺩﺋﺔ ﻭﻟﻄﻴﻔﺔ ﻟﻠﻐﺎﻳﺔ‬ ‫ — ﻣﻦ ﺍﳍﻴﺎﺝ ﺑﻼ ﺳﺒﺐ‬She will be calm and very nice, and then suddenly a state

‫ﺗﻮﺟﻬﺖ ﺍﳊﻜﻮﻣﺔ ﻣﺆﺧﺮﺍ ﻟﻮﺿﻊ ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻼﺕ ﻋﲆ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻄﺒﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﴩ ﺑﻤﻮﺟﺒﻬﺎ ﺗﻠﻐﻰ ﻋﻘﻮﺑﺔ ﺣﺒﺲ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﻓﻴﲔ‬The government has recently

1142

‫ ﺍﹺ ﹾﻋﺘ ﹶﹶﻤﺪﹶ‬v. VIII to depend, rely ‫ ﻋﲆ‬on sth/sb; to

adopt, authorize, accredit (plan, method,

in case the German’s enter the city

1140

‫ ﹸﻣ ﹾﺆ ﹺﻣﻦ‬adj. believing, faithful; n. pl. -uun believer; Muslim

Her clothes are dirty as if she spent the night

1139

‫ ﹶﺣ ﹾﺮﻑ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﺣ ﹸﺮﻭﻑ‬letter (of the alphabet) ‫ﻟﻘﺪ ﻛﺮﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﻬﻰ ﻣﺒﻜﺮﺍ ﻛﻞ ﳏﺎﻭﻟﺔ ﻷﻥ ﻳﺘﻌﻠﻢ ﺣﺮﻓﺎ ﰱ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﺰﺍﻭﻳﺔ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺖ‬Bahiy hated early

‫ ﹶﺳ ﹾﻬﻞ‬adj. easy, simple ‫ ﳚﺐ ﺩﺍﺋﲈ‬..‫ﺗﺬﻛﺮ ﺃﻥ ﻋﻼﺝ ﺍﻹﺩﻣﺎﻥ ﻟﻴﺲ ﺳﻬﻼ‬ ‫ — ﺃﻥ ﻧﺨﻔﺾ ﺗﻮﻗﻌﺎﺗﻨﺎ‬Remember that the treatment for addiction is not easy...we must always lower our expectations 99 | 2922 |

that it would have a future effect on the

‫ ﹶﺳ ﹾﺒﺖ‬n. ‫ﺍﻟﺴ ﹾﺒﺖ‬ ‫ ) ﹶﻳ ﹾﻮﻡ( ﱠ‬Saturday ‫ﺩﻋﺎ ﺯﻭﺟﺘﻪ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻌﺸﺎﺀ ﻳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺴﺒﺖ ﰱ ﺍﳌﻄﻌﻢ ﺍﳌﻜﺴﻴﻜﻲ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳌﻔﻀﻞ ﻟﺪﳞﺎ‬He invited his wife to dinner

intellectual capabilities of the child

on Saturday at her favorite Mexican restaurant

85 | 3447 |

94 | 3060 |

growth of the brain of the fetus, it is natural

1148

Frequency index

1149

‫ ﹶﻟـ‬part. (conditional) ‫ ﹶﻟـ‬...‫ ﹶﻟ ﹾﻮ‬if...then (would have)...; ‫ ﹶﳌﺎ‬...‫ ﹶﻟ ﹾﻮﻻ‬... if not for...then

113

pilgrimage to Mecca; also, polite form of address to an older person)

— May God reward him greatly: had it not

‫ﻗﺪ ﺃﻋﺪﺕ »ﺍﻟﺴﻌﻮﺩﻳﺔ« ﺧﻄﺘﻬﺎ ﻟﻨﻘﻞ ﺍﳊﺠﺎﺝ ﰱ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺣﻠﺘﻰ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﻭﻡ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻮﺩﺓ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺩﺭﺍﺳﺔ ﻣﺴﺘﻔﻴﻀﺔ‬ ‫ — ﻟﻠﻤﻮﺍﺳﻢ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻘﺔ‬Saudi Arabia prepared its

been for that order of his, I would be doomed!

plan for transferring the pilgrims during the

89 | 3220 |

stages of arrival and return after a thorough

(wouldn’t have)

!‫ ﻟﻮﻻ ﺃﻣﺮﻩ ﻫﺬﺍ ﻟﻜﻨﺖ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳍﺎﻟﻜﲔ‬،‫ﺟﺰﺍﻩ ﺍﷲ ﻛﻞ ﺧﲑ‬

study of the previous seasons 1150

‫ ﹸﻣ ﹶ‬n. pursuit, practice; performance, ‫ﺒﺎﴍﺓ‬ execution, implementation; ‫ﺒﺎﴍ ﹰﺓ‬ ‫ ﹸﻣ ﹶ‬directly, immediately

‫ — ﱂ ﳛﺐ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺬﻫﺐ ﺇﱃ ﺍﳌﺤﻄﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺩﺍﺭﻩ ﻣﺒﺎﴍﺓ‬He

96 | 2956 |

1156

of that

directly

‫ ﻟﺬﺍ ﺳﺄﺳﺄﻟﻚ‬..‫ﻻ ﺃﺭﻏﺐ ﺃﻥ ﺃﺗﻌﻠﻖ ﺑﺄﺫﻳﺎﻝ ﺍﻷﻭﻫﺎﻡ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺃﺭﻳﺪ ﺍﳉﻮﺍﺏ ﻓﻮﺭﺍ‬I do not wish to cling to

97 | 2961 |

illusions...Therefore, I shall ask you and I want

didn’t like going to the station from his house

1151

1152

‫ ﹶﺑﻨﹸﻮ‬pl.n. (gen./acc. ‫ ; ﹶﺑﻨﹺﻲ‬sg. ‫ ﺑﹺﻦ‬cf. ‫ )ﺍﹺ ﹾﺑﻦ‬sons, ‫ﹺ‬ children (tribe, people); (Dia.) ‫ ﹶﺑﻨﻲ ﺁ ﹶﺩﻡ‬human ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ being (fem. ‫ ﹶﺑﻨﻲ ﺁ ﹾﺩ ﹶﻣﺔ‬, pl. ‫) ﹶﺑﻨﻲ ﺁ ﹾﺩﻣﲔ‬ ‫ﻫﻮ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳊﻴﻮﺍﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺃﻣﺮ ﺍﷲ ﺑﻨﻰ ﺇﴎﺍﺋﻴﻞ ﺑﺄﻻ‬ ‫ — ﻳﺄﻛﻠﻮﻫﺎ ﻷﳖﺎ ﻧﺠﺴﺔ‬It is one of the animals

an immediate answer 88 | 3235 |

1157

that God commanded the children of Israel

‫ ﻻ ﺃﻋﺘﻘﺪ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻮﻇﻴﻔﺔ‬..‫ﺃﺣﺐ ﺃﻥ ﺃﻛﻮﻥ ﴏﳛﺔ ﻣﻌﻚ‬ ‫ — ﺗﻨﺎﺳﺒﻚ‬I want to be frank with you...I don’t

not to eat, because they are unclean

believe that the job is suitable for you

95 | 3011 |

97 | 2939 |

‫ ﹶﻣﻨﹾﻊ‬n. prevention, prohibition; depriving,

1158

‫ — ﻻ ﺃﺳﺘﻄﻴﻊ ﻣﻨﻊ ﻧﻔﺴﻰ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﻔﻜﲑ ﻓﻴﻪ‬I cannot

‫ ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻡ ﻭﺟﻬﻮﺍ ﻟﻪ ﺇﻧﺬﺍﺭﺍ‬..‫ﻣﺴﺘﻘﺒﻠﻪ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ ﻣﻬﺪﺩ‬ ‫ ﻭﻏﺪﺍ ﻳﻔﺼﻠﻮﻧﻪ‬،‫ — ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻴﺎ‬His scientific future

88 | 3244 |

is threatened...Today they sent him a legal

‫ ﹶﺧﻄﹺﲑ‬adj. significant, important; serious,

warning, and tomorrow they might expel him 82 | 3475 |

grave; dangerous, risky

‫ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﻟﻴﺴﺖ ﺧﻄﲑﺓ‬..‫ — ﻻ ﲣﺎﰱ‬Don’t be afraid...the operation is not dangerous

1159

93 | 3056 |

‫ ﹶﺭ ﹺﺣ ﹶﻢ‬v. I (a) to have mercy (God) on sb; ‫ ﹶﺭ ﹶﲪﹺ ﹸﻪ ﺍﷲ‬God rest his soul ‫ﺍﷲ ﻳﺮﺣﻢ ﺭﻓﻴﻖ ﺍﳊﺮﻳﺮﻱ ﺭﺍﺡ ﻭﺭﺍﺡ ﻣﻌﺎﻩ ﺍﻟﴩﻑ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺍﻻﺧﻼﺹ‬God have mercy on Rafiq

‫ ﻗﺎﻧﹸﻮﻧﹺ ﹼﻲ‬adj. legal, law-related, statutory; ‫ﹺ‬ legitimate, licit, legal; ‫ ﻗﺎﻧﹸﻮﻧ ﹼﻴ ﹰﺎ‬legally, from a legal standpoint

keep myself from thinking about it

1154

‫ ﻭ ﹺ‬job, position; work, ‫ ﹶﻭﻇﹺﻴ ﹶﻔﺔ‬n. pl. ‫ﻇﺎﺋﻒ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ employment; function, task

withholding

1153

‫ ﻟﹺﺬﺍ‬conj. therefore, that’s why, because

‫ ﹸﳘﺎ‬pron. they both ‫ — ﻟﻘﺪ ﻧﺎﻣﺎ ﻭﳘﺎ ﻳﺸﺎﻫﺪﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﻠﻔﺰﻳﻮﻥ‬They slept while they were watching TV 91 | 3107 |

1160

‫ ﹺ‬n. pl. ‫ﹶﻮﺍﻣﻞ‬ ‫ ﻋ ﹺ‬factor, element, agent; ‫ﻋﺎﻣﻞ‬ (math.) coefficient

passed away nobility and loyalty

‫ﻳﻌﺪ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ ﻋﺎﻣﻼ ﻣﻬﲈ ﰲ ﺣﻴﺎﺓ ﺍﻱ ﳎﺘﻤﻊ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳌﺠﺘﻤﻌﺎﺕ‬Education is considered to be

96 | 2967 |

an important factor in any society

Al-Hariri; he passed away, and with him

92 | 3072 |

1155

‫ﺣﺎﺝ‬ ‫ ﹼ‬n. fem. ‫ﺣﺎﺟﺔ‬ ‫ ﱠ‬pl. ‫ ﹸﺣﺠﺎﺝ‬pilgrim (esp. to Mecca); ‫ﺣﺎﺝ‬ ‫ ﹼ‬Hajj, fem. ‫ﺣﺎﺟﺔ‬ ‫ ﱠ‬Hajja (title of respect for a person who has made the

1161

‫ ﺇﹺ ﹺ‬adj. administrative, management, ‫ﻱ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭ ﹼ‬ departmental

114

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

‫ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺗﻮﺟﻬﺎﺕ ﻣﺎ ﺗﺰﺍﻝ ﻗﻴﺪ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺔ ﻟﺘﺘﻮﱃ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻝ ﺍﻻﴍﺍﻑ ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﻱ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻮﻥ ﺑﺪﻝ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺪﺍﺧﻠﻴﺔ‬There is a suggestion still being

1167

‫ ﺇﹺﻧﹾﺠﺎﺯ‬vn. implementation, carrying out (project); n. pl. -aat accomplishment, achievement, success

studied to have the Ministry of Justice

‫ — ﻳﺘﻮﻗﻊ ﳍﻢ ﲢﻘﻴﻖ ﺇﻧﺠﺎﺯﺍﺕ ﺑﺎﻫﺮﺓ‬He expects

take over the administrative supervision

them to achieve remarkable things

of the prisons instead of the Ministry of the

86 | 3274 |

Interior 91 | 3114 |

1162

1168

‫ ﹶﻋ ﱠﺒ ﹶﺮ‬v. II to express ‫( ﻋﻦ‬opinion, feeling), ‫( ﻋﻦ‬position, policy) ‫ﺗﺘﻜﻬﺮﺏ ﺍﻷﺟﻮﺍﺀ ﻛﺎﻟﻌﺎﺩﺓ ﻛﻠﲈ ﻋﱪﺕ ﻣﻴﺸﻴﻞ ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ — ﺁﺭﺍﺋﻬﺎ ﺍﳊﺎﺩﺓ‬The air was electrified, as usual,

state

‫ ﺇﹺ ﹾﺭﻫﺎﺑﹺ ﹼﻲ‬n./adj. terrorist ‫ ﻣﻦ ﺳﺒﺘﻤﱪ ﻫﻮ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬١١ ‫ﻧﺘﻔﻖ ﺃﻥ ﻣﺎ ﺣﺼﻞ ﰲ‬ ‫ — ﺇﺭﻫﺎﺑﻴﺔ ﻣﺎ ﺯﺍﻟﺖ ﺣﺘﻰ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﺘﻨﺎ ﺗﻌﺎﲏ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ‬We

whenever Michelle expressed her sharp

agree that what happened on the 11th of

opinions

September is a terrorist operation which even

91 | 3084 |

our region is still suffering from 83 | 3388 |

1163

1169

‫ ﹶﺻ ﹾﺒﺮ‬n. patience, endurance ‫ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻻﺑﺪ ﺃﻥ ﺃﺧﱪ ﻣﺼﻄﻔﻰ‬..‫— ﱂ ﻳﻌﺪ ﱄ ﺻﱪ‬

‫ ﹶﲨﺎﻝ‬n. beauty ‫ ﻭﺃﻥ ﲨﺎﳍﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﻮﻉ‬، ‫ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺗﺪﺭﻙ ﺃﳖﺎ ﲨﻴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺬ￯ ﻳﺜﲑ ﺷﻬﻮﺓ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﺎﻝ‬She knew she was beautiful, and that her beauty was of the type

I no longer had any patience...I had to tell

that incited the desires of men

Mustafa

98 | 2880 |

98 | 2875 |

1164

forces chased them and committed a terrible

‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺩﺭ‬ adj. issued, published; exported; n. ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ exports ‫ﻗﺪﺭﺕ ﺩﺭﺍﺳﺔ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺓ ﻋﻦ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﻧﺎﻳﻒ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﺪﺍﺩ ﺍﳌﺪﻣﻨﲔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺴﻌﻮﺩﻳﺔ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ ﻗﺒﻞ‬ ‫ ﻣﺪﻣﻨﺎ‬٢٥٢٦٠ ‫ — ﺍﳌﺎﴈ ﺑـ‬A study

massacre that left more than twenty people

published by the Arabic University of Nayf

dead

estimated the number of addicts in Saudi

88 | 3199 |

Arabia the year before last to be 25,260

‫ﹶﻀﺐ‬ ‫ ﻏ ﹶ‬n. anger, rage; ‫ ﻏ ﹶﹶﻀﺒ ﹰﺎ‬in anger, angrily ‫ﺳﻤﻊ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳉﲑﺍﻥ ﻛﻼﻣﺎ ﻋﻦ ﺍﺑﻨﻪ ﺍﺷﺘﺎﻁ ﻟﻪ ﻏﻀﺒﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﺪﺧﻞ ﻋﲆ ﺍﺑﻨﻪ ﰲ ﺣﺠﺮﺗﻪ ﻭﺍﳖﺎﻝ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺑﺎﻟﴬﺏ ﺑﻴﺪﻳﻪ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺭﺟﻠﻴﻪ‬He heard from the neighbors

84 | 3334 |

‫ ﹶﺿ ﹺ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺿﺤﺎﻳﺎ‬victim ‫ﺤ ﱠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻮﺍﺕ ﺍﻹﴎﺍﺋﻴﻠﻴﺔ ﻻﺣﻘﺘﻬﻢ ﻭﺍﺭﺗﻜﺒﺖ ﻣﺬﺑﺤﺔ ﺑﺸﻌﺔ‬ ‫ ﺷﺨﺼﺎ‬٢٠ ‫ — ﺭﺍﺡ ﺿﺤﻴﺘﻬﺎ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﻣﻦ‬The Israeli

1170

addicts 1165

1171

‫ ﻓﹺﺌﹶﺔ‬n. pl. -aat faction, party; group, sector; type, kind, class

something about his son which inflamed him

‫— ﰱ ﺣﻮﺯﲥﺎ ﺛﻼﺛﻮﻥ ﺃﻟﻒ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻓﺌﺔ ﺍﳉﻨﻴﻪ‬

with anger, so he went to his son in his room

She has in her possession thirty thousand

and started beating him with his hands and

one pound notes

feet

86 | 3267 |

90 | 3145 |

1166

‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﳌﺎﻧﹺ ﹼﻲ‬n./adj. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﳌﺎﻥ‬German ‫ﻫﺬﻩ ﺃﻭﻝ ﻣﺮﺓ ﻳﺸﺎﻫﺪﻭﻥ ﺍﻷﳌﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻇﻠﻮﺍ ﻟﻐﺰﺍ ﻣﻨﺬ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻧﺪﻻﻉ ﺍﳊﺮﺏ‬This was the first time they saw Germans, who had remained a riddle

1172

‫ ﹸﻣﺘ ﹶﹶﻮ ﱢﺳﻂ‬adj. middle, central; medium,

average

‫ﺃﻏﻠﺒﻴﺔ ﻫﺆﻻﺀ ﻫﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻘﺔ ﺍﳌﺘﻮﺳﻄﺔ ﻭﺟﺎﺅﻭﺍ‬ ‫ — ﲢﺖ ﺿﻐﻂ ﺍﳊﺎﻟﺔ ﺍﻷﻣﻨﻴﺔ‬Most of those are from the middle class, and came due to

since the beginning of the war

pressure from the security situation

93 | 3041 |

95 | 2957 |

Frequency index

1173

‫ ﺯ ﹺﹶﻋﻴﻢ‬n. pl. ‫ ﺯﹸ ﻋﹶﲈﺀ‬leader, head of state ‫ﻳﺴﻠﻂ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻀﻮﺀ ﻋﲆ ﺣﻴﺎﺓ ﺯﻋﻴﻢ ﺣﺰﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺍﻹﴎﺍﺋﻴﲇ ﺇﳞﻮﺩ ﺑﺎﺭﺍﻙ ﻭﻋﲆ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺘﻪ‬ ‫ — ﻭﻣﻮﺍﻗﻔﻪ ﻭﺧﺪﺍﻋﻪ ﻟﻠﻌﺮﺏ‬The book shines

1179

America 98 | 2851 |

Israeli Labor Party, Ehud Barak, and on his 1180

the Arabs 84 | 3346 |

1174

‫)ﻳﻮﻡ( ﹶ‬, ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺣﺪ‬n. ‫ ) ﹶﻳ ﹾﻮﻡ( ﺍﻷﹶ ﹶﺣﺪ‬Sunday; (Egy.) ‫ﺍﳊﺪﹼ‬ (Irq.) ‫ﺣﺪ‬ ‫)ﻳﻮﻡ( ﺍﻷﹶ ﱠ‬ ‫— ﻛﺎﻥ ﻣﻦ ﻋﺎﺩﺗﻪ ﻳﻮﻡ ﺍﻷﺣﺪ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺼﺤﻮ ﻣﺘﺄﺧﺮﺍ‬ It was his custom on Sundays to get up late

circumstances 92 | 3008 |

1181

‫ ﺍﹺ ﹾﻧ ﹶﻄ ﹶﻠ ﹶﻖ‬v. VII to depart, take off; to begin, get started; to be fired (bullet)

when he opened it he found an electric bill,

— He insisted that the bullets had been shot

so he went and paid it

from the rifle unintentionally

98 | 2841 |

89 | 3135 |

‫ ﹶﺩ ﱠﻕ‬v. I (u) to beat (heart); to strike, hit sth; to knock on (door) or ‫( ﻋﲆ‬door); to ring (bell); to call ‫ ﻝ‬sb (on the phone) ‫ ﻭﺍﺟﺘﺎﺣﺘﻬﺎ ﻫﻮﺍﺟﺲ‬،‫ﺃﺣﺴﺖ ﺑﻘﻠﺒﻬﺎ ﻳﺪﻕ ﺑﻌﻨﻒ‬ ‫ — ﻣﺮﻋﺒﺔ‬She felt her heart beating

1182

‫ ﻣﻦ ﺟﺮﻳﻤﺔ ﺇﱃ‬- ‫ ﺑﻄﻞ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﺍﻳﺔ‬- ‫ﻳﺘﻨﻘﻞ ﺑﺎﺳﻜﻮﺍﻝ‬ ‫ — ﺟﺮﻳﻤﺔ ﻭﻳﻨﺘﻬﻲ ﺑﻘﺘﻞ ﺃﻣﻪ‬Pasquale, the hero of the novel, goes from crime to crime and ends up killing his mother 86 | 3233 |

over her

1177

1183

‫ ﺍﹺ ﹾﺳﺘﹺ ﹾﻌﺪﺍﺩ‬vn. preparation; n. readiness, ‫ﹺ ﹺ‬ ‫ﹺ ﹺ‬ willingness; ‫ ﻋﹶﲆ ﺍ ﹾﺳﺘ ﹾﻌﺪﺍﺩ‬ready; ‫ﺍ ﹾﺳﺘ ﹾﻌﺪﺍﺩﺍﺕ‬

95 | 2919 |

that

‫ ﹶﳖﹾﺮ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃﳖﹾﺎﺭ‬river ‫ﲢﺪﺙ ﻋﻦ ﺍﳘﻴﺔ ﺍﳌﻴﺎﻩ ﺧﺎﺻﺔ ﳖﺮ ﺍﻟﻨﻴﻞ ﰲ ﺣﻴﺎﺓ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳌﴫﻳﲔ‬He spoke about the importance of

88 | 3158 |

water, especially the Nile River, in the life of

1184

in the household expenses with more than

1178

‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺟ ﹶﻤﻞ‬elat. more/most beautiful ‫ﺃﲨﻞ ﺃﻳﺎﻡ ﻋﻤﺮ￯ ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﻟﺘﻰ ﻗﻀﻴﺘﻬﺎ ﻣﺘﴩﺩﺍ ﰱ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺸﻮﺍﺭﻉ‬The most beautiful days of my life were those I spent homeless in the streets

preparations, arrangements

‫ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻋﲆ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﻟﻠﻤﺴﺎﳘﺔ ﰱ ﻧﻔﻘﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺖ‬ ‫ — ﺑﺄﻛﺜﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺫﻟﻚ‬She was ready to participate

‫ ﹺﺭﻭﺍ ﹶﻳﺔ‬n. pl. -aat novel, story; narration; report, account

violently, and frightening anxieties swept 88 | 3178 | +spo

‫ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺮﺡ‬n. joy, happiness; pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻓﺮﺍﺡ‬party, celebration, festivity; ‫ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺮﺣ ﹰﺎ‬with joy, joyfully ،‫ﻭﺟﺪ ﺭﺟﻞ ﳏﻔﻈﺔ ﻧﻘﻮﺩ ﻓﻜﺎﺩ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻄﲑ ﻣﻦ ﺷﺪﺓ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﺡ‬ ‫ ﻓﺬﻫﺐ ﺩﻓﻊ‬،‫ﻭﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﻓﺘﺤﻬﺎ ﻭﺟﺪ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻓﺎﺗﻮﺭﺓ ﻛﻬﺮﺑﺎﺀ‬ ‫ — ﺛﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬A man found a wallet with money, and was almost beside himself with joy, and

‫ﺃﴏ ﻋﲆ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﺮﺻﺎﺹ ﺍﻧﻄﻠﻖ ﻣﻦ ﺑﻨﺪﻗﻴﺘﻪ ﺩﻭﻥ ﻗﺼﺪ‬

1176

‫ ﹺﻣﺜﺎﻝ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻣﺜﹺ ﹶﻠﺔ‬, ß‫ ﹸﻣ ﹸﺜﻞ‬example, model, ideal ‫ﻟﺪﻳﻨﺎ ﺍﻟﻜﺜﲑ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﻣﺜﻠﺔ ﻋﻦ ﺍﳌﺪﺍﺭﺱ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻌﺎﲏ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺿﻊ ﺻﻌﺐ ﺟﺪﺍ‬We have many examples of schools which are suffering from very difficult

93 | 3004 |

1175

‫ ﹶﺗ ﹶﻌ ﱠﻠ ﹶﻢ‬v. V to learn, study sth ‫— ﳚﺐ ﺃﻥ ﺗﺘﻌﻠﻢ ﻛﻴﻒ ﺗﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺎﺀ ﰱ ﺃﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ‬ You must learn how to deal with women in

a light on the life of the leader of the policy and his positions and his deceiving

115

Egyptians

‫ ﹶﺩ ﹾﻓﻊ‬vn. pushing; compelling, moving, driving;

96 | 2886 |

payment; pushing back, repelling

pushing him to officially ask her family for her

‫ ﻛ ﹾﹶﻬ ﹶﺮﺑﺎﺀ‬and ‫ ﻛ ﹾﹶﻬ ﹸﺮﺑﺎﺀ‬n. electricity ‫ ﻳﻌﻨﻰ‬،‫ ﻭﺍﻟﻜﻮﺑﺮ￯ ﻣﻔﺘﻮﺡ ﻟﻠﻤﺮﺍﻛﺐ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻜﻬﺮﺑﺎﺀ ﺍﻧﻘﻄﻌﺖ‬ ‫ — ﻻﺯﻡ ﻧﻨﺘﻈﺮ‬The electricity was cut off while

hand in marriage before the end of the

the bridge was open for ships, which means

specified period

we have to wait

88 | 3166 |

95 | 2915 |

‫ﻧﺠﺤﺖ ﰲ ﺩﻓﻌﻪ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺪﻡ ﳋﻄﺒﺘﻬﺎ ﺭﺳﻤﻴﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻫﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ — ﻗﺒﻞ ﳖﺎﻳﺔ ﺍﳌﻬﻠﺔ ﺍﳌﺤﺪﺩﺓ‬She succeeded in

1185

116

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

1186

‫ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺻ ﹶ‬v. I (i) to describe, characterize ‫ﻒ‬ sth/sb ‫ﺑﹺ ﹶﺄ ﱠﻧ ﹸﻪ‬/‫ ﺏ‬as; (doctor) to prescribe sth ‫ ﻝ‬to sb ‫ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻓﺮﺣﺘﻬﺎ ﻻ ﺗﻮﺻﻒ ﻭﻫﻲ ﺗﺮﺍﻗﺐ ﺃﻣﻬﺎ‬ ‫— ﺗﻜﻮﳞﺎ ﻗﻄﻌﺔ ﺑﻌﺪ ﻗﻄﻌﺔ ﺑﻤﻜﻮﺍﺓ ﻗﺪﻳﻤﺔ‬

1192

‫ﻱ‬ ‫ ﹶﺳﻨ ﹺﹶﻮ ﹼ‬adj. annual, yearly; ‫ ﹶﺳﻨ ﹺﹶﻮ ﹼﻳ ﹰﺎ‬annually, yearly

‫ﻛﺜﲑ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﻣﻬﺎﺕ ﳜﻠﺪﻥ ﺍﻟﺬﻛﺮ￯ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﻮﻳﺔ ﳌﻮﺕ ﻋﺰﻳﺰ‬ ‫ — ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻦ‬Many mothers mark the anniversary of the death of one of their loved ones

Her joy could not be described as she

84 | 3275 |

watched her mother iron for her one old iron

‫ ﻧ ﹾﹶﴫ‬n. victory, triumph ‫ — ﺍﻟﻨﴫ ﻣﻦ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﷲ ﺁﺕ ﻻ ﺭﻳﺐ ﻓﻴﻪ‬Victory from

89 | 3111 |

God is coming, no doubt

piece of clothing after another with an

1193

88 | 3112 |

1187

‫ ﻣﺎ‬part. (nominalizing, with foll. perf.) ‫ﹶﺑ ﹾﻌﺪﹶ ﻣﺎ ﹶﺫ ﹶﻫ ﹸﺒﻮﺍ = ﹶﺑ ﹾﻌﺪﹶ ﹶﺫ ﹺ ﹺ‬ ‫ﻫﺎﲠﻢ‬ ‫ ﺗﻢ ﻫﺪﻣﻬﺎ‬،‫— ﺑﻌﺪﻣﺎ ﻗﺎﻡ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﻳﺔ ﺑﱰﻣﻴﻢ ﺍﳌﺪﺭﺳﺔ‬

1194

‫ ﹶﺗ ﹾﻌ ﹺﺰﻳﺰ‬vn. strengthening, bolstering, reinforcing; n. reinforcement

‫ﺳﺘﻌﻤﻞ ﺍﳊﻜﻮﻣﺔ ﺍﻳﻀﺎ ﻋﲆ ﺭﺑﻂ ﺍﻻﻧﺘﺎﺝ ﺍﻟﺰﺭﺍﻋﻲ‬ ‫— ﺑﻤﺘﻄﻠﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﻮﻕ ﻭﺗﻌﺰﻳﺰ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻛﲈ ﻭﻧﻮﻋﺎ‬

After the people of the village had built the school, it was torn down

The government will also work on linking

95 | 2915 |

agricultural production with the requirements 1188

‫ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻬ ﹶﺮﺟﺎﻥ‬and ‫ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻬ ﹶﺮﺟﺎﻥ‬n. pl. -aat festival ‫ ﺷﺨﺺ ﺗﺎﺑﻌﻮﺍ ﻣﻬﺮﺟﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﺺ‬١٠٠٠ ‫ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﴩﻗﻲ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻊ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻫﺮﺓ‬More than 1,000 people followed the Seventh Eastern Dance Festival in Cairo

of the market, and on strengthening exports, in quantity and quality 74 | 3713 |

1195

etiquette

88 | 3129 | +news

1189

‫ ﻭﻗﻊ ﰲ ﺷﺒﺎﻙ ﺣﺐ‬..‫ﺩﺧﻞ ﺍﳉﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﻟﻴﺪﺭﺱ ﺁﺩﺍﺏ‬ ‫ — ﺯﻣﻴﻠﺔ ﻟﻪ‬He entered the university to study

‫ ﹶﺃ ﱠﻻ‬conj. (= ‫ ) ﹶﺃ ﹾﻥ ﻻ‬not to ‫ﺻﻌﺪ ﺑﺒﻂﺀ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺝ ﺍﳌﻔﴣ ﺇﱃ ﺣﺠﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﻨﻮﻡ ﳏﺎﻭﻻ‬ ‫ — ﺃﻻ ﳛﺪﺙ ﺻﻮﺗﺎ ﻟﺌﻼ ﻳﻮﻗﻆ ﺯﻭﺟﺘﻪ‬He went

literature...He fell into the love trap of one of his colleagues 96 | 2860 |

slowly up the stairs leading to the bedroom, trying not to make a sound so as not to wake up his wife

1196

‫ — ﻻ ﺑﺪ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻠﺘﺰﻡ ﺑﻘﻮﺍﻧﲔ ﺍﻟﻠﻌﺒﺔ‬He needs to adhere to the rules of the game

‫ ﺍﹺﻧﹾﺘﹺﻈﺎﺭ‬vn. waiting, anticipating ‫ﺃﻭﻗﻒ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺭﺓ ﰱ ﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﻻﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﻭﺃﻏﻠﻘﻬﺎ ﺃﻭﺗﻮﻣﺎﺗﻴﻜﻴﺎ‬ — He stopped the car in the parking place and locked it automatically

96 | 2832 |

1197

89 | 3078 |

1191

‫ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻘﺪ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﻋ ﹸﻘﻮﺩ‬contract, agreement ‫ﻧﺎﺩﻱ ﺍﻟﻨﺠﻤﺔ ﻭﻗﻊ ﻋﻘﺪﺍ ﻟﺰﺭﺍﻋﺔ ﻣﻠﻌﺐ ﺍﳌﻨﺎﺭﺓ ﺑﺎﻟﻌﺸﺐ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻻﺻﻄﻨﺎﻋﻲ‬The Star Club signed a contract to plant artificial turf in the Al-Manara

‫ ﹶﺭ ﹺﺿ ﹶﻲ‬v. I (a) to be pleased, satisfied ‫ﻋﲆ‬/‫ﻋﻦ‬/‫ﺏ‬ with sth; ‫ﷲ ﹶﻋﻨﹾ ﹸﻪ‬ ‫ ﹶﺭ ﹶﹺﴈ ﺍ ﹸ‬may God be pleased

Stadium 95 | 2874 |

with him

‫ﻭﻫﻞ ﻳﺮﴇ ﺷﺎﺏ ﺫﻛﻲ ﻣﺜﻞ ﻗﻴﺲ ﺃﻥ ﻳﱰﻙ ﺍﳌﺪﺭﺳﺔ‬ ‫ — ﻟﻴﻐﻠﻖ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﺒﻠﻪ ﺑﻴﺪﻩ؟‬Would a smart young

‫ ﹶﻟ ﹾﻌ ﹶﺒﺔ‬n. contest, competition, game; un.n. (one) match, game; (fig.) trick, fast one

89 | 3080 |

1190

‫ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺩﺏ‬n. pl. ‫ ﺁﺩﺍﺏ‬literature; good manners,

1198

‫ﺛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹶ‬v. IV to raise, provoke, stir up sth; to bring up (a subject)

man like Qais be satisfied with leaving school

‫ — ﻛﻞ ﳾﺀ ﰲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳌﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﻳﺜﲑ ﺩﻫﺸﺘﻲ‬Everything

to shut off his future with his own hand?

in this city surprises me

93 | 2944 |

90 | 3015 |

Frequency index

117

16 Emotions Adjectives Positive 699 1295 3043 3874 4523

‫ﻣﺸﻜﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﻌﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﴈ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺗﺎﺡ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺘﻨﻊ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﻛﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺒﺴﻮﻁ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﱂ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺪﹼ ﻕ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﺧﺮ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﺯﻡ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺣﻲ‬ ‫ﺳﻬﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺡ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻳﻘﻆ‬ ‫ﺭﴈ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺘﺰﹼ‬

4594 4654 4736 4792 5092 5133 5901 6204 6343 6686 7045 7203 7505 7745

Negative thankful

1285

happy

1766

pleased

2308

relaxed

2335

satisfied;

2808

convinced

2946

thankful

3507

happy

3626

safe

4008

alert

4287

convinced

4370

proud

4827

resolute

4954

vigilant

5257

awake

5537

cheerful cheerful

5691

awake

6066

satisfied

6317

proud

6353 6377

Neutral 1596 1673 1808 2437 2494 2505 2507 2906 3123 3192 3619 3789 4076 4118 5031 6301 6383 6744

‫ﻫﺎﺩﺉ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻱﺀ‬ ‫ﺟﺎ ﹼﺩ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﻣﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﻐﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﹼ ﹼﻱ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﺭﻍ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺛﻖ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺘﻢ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺣﺮﻳﺺ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﺄﻛﹼﺪ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﴈ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﻤﺌ ﹼﻦ‬

‫ﺁﺳﻒ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺘﻐﺮﺏ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻳﻖ‬ ‫ﺧﺠﻞ‬

6488 calm

6676

innocent

6816

‫ﺿﻌﻴﻒ‬ ‫ﺣﺰﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﳎﻨﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺼﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻏﺎﺿﺐ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﺟﺰ‬ ‫ﺿﺎﺋﻊ‬ ‫ﻗﻠﻖ‬ ‫ﻣﻈﻠﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺪﹼ ﺩ‬ ‫ﻏﺎﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﺯﻋﻼﻥ‬ ‫ﻏﻠﻄﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﺋﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻫﺖ‬

‫ﺗﻌﺒﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺐ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻀﺎﻳﻖ‬ ‫ﺯﻫﻘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻋ ﹼﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺿﺎﻳﺞ‬ ‫ﻃﺎﺋﺢ‬

Neutral 1625

‫ﺍﻫﺘﻢ‬ ‫ﹼ‬

to be

2475

‫ﺗﺄ ﹼﺛﺮ‬

to be

2893

‫ﺍﻛﺘﻔﻰ‬

2935

‫ﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﹼ‬

to concern;

2964

‫ﺗﻌﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﹼ‬

to become

immersed

2975

angry

2997

mistaken

4111

‫ﺳﻜﺖ‬ ‫ﻫﺪﺃ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻐﺮﺏ‬

weak sad crazy nervous angry incapable lost worried oppressed, threatened

confused pale;

6176

startled

6411

tired Negative

tired

1042

annoyed

1679

disgusted

2607

sick bored

2621

lost

4154

Verbs

busy

Positive

serious

1191

free, idle confident

3200

interested

3561

mindful certain

4086

available,

4144

free relieved,

4327

reassured

4503

sorry

5554

surprised silent

5588

calm

6192

embarrassed

7338

4480

‫ﺭﴈ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺡ‬ ‫ﺗﴩﻑ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻋﺠﺐ‬ ‫ﻋﺸﻖ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺗﺎﺡ‬ ‫ﺳﻌﺪ‬ ‫ﴎ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻫﻮﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺒﺴﻂ‬ ‫ﻫﺎﻡ‬

4803 to be satisfied

5167

with

5402

to rejoice

5631

to be

6302

honored

‫ﺧﺎﻑ‬ ‫ﺧﴚ‬ ‫ﻋﺠﺰ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺐ‬ ‫ﻏﻀﺐ‬ ‫ﺣﺰﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﺳﻒ‬ ‫ﺯﻋﻞ‬ ‫ﺟ ﹼﻦ‬ ‫ﻗﻠﻖ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﺭ‬

to please

6687

to love, be

6693

fond of

6725

‫ﲣﻮﻑ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻃﺎﺡ‬ ‫ﺧﺠﻞ‬

6889

‫ﺗﻀﺎﻳﻖ‬

7096

‫ﺧﺒﻞ‬

to have fun

7358

to be in love

7569

‫ﺗﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺭﻋﺐ‬

to relax to be happy to delight, make happy

affected by to be content with to worry accustomed to to be quiet to calm down to be surprised at to get used to to be surprised

deluded

serious silent

‫ﺩﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﺎﺟﺄ‬

interested in

to love/like

to be afraid of to fear to be incapable to be tired to become angry to be sad to be sorry to be angry to go crazy to be worried to be confused to be afraid to be lost to be shy, embarrassed to be annoyed to be confused to get lost to be alarmed

118

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

1199

1200

absolute evil

‫ ﺇﹺﳚﺎﺑﹺ ﹼﻲ‬adj. good, positive; affirmative ،‫ﻣﻮﺳﻜﻮ ﻻ ﺯﺍﻟﺖ ﺗﺆﻳﺪ ﻣﻌﻈﻢ ﻗﻀﺎﻳﺎﻧﺎ ﺍﻟﺮﺋﻴﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫— ﻭﺗﻠﻌﺐ ﺩﻭﺭﺍ ﺇﳚﺎﺑﻴﺎ ﰲ ﺃﺯﻣﺎﺗﻨﺎ ﺍﳌﻠﺘﻬﺒﺔ‬

95 | 2876 |

Moscow still supports most of our principle

‫ ﹶﺷ ﹼﺮ‬n. evil, malice ‫ — ﻛﻞ ﻣﺎ ﻳﻔﻌﻠﻪ ﴍ ﻣﻄﻠﻖ‬Everything he does is

1206

issues, and it plays a positive role in our

‫ﻌﺎﺭ ﹶﺿﺔ‬ ‫ ﹸﻣ ﹶ‬n. opposition (esp. in politics),

burning crises

resistance

‫ﻻ ﻳﺒﺪﻭ ﺃﻥ ﻓﺘﺢ ﻓﻌﻼ ﻗﺎﺩﺭﺓ ﻋﲆ ﺍﺳﺘﻴﻌﺎﺏ ﺃﳖﺎ ﰲ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳌﻌﺎﺭﺿﺔ‬It doesn’t appear that Fatah is

81 | 3322 |

1207

actually capable of recognizing that it is in the

‫ﻭﺭﻓﻌﺖ ﺍﻟﻴﺎﺑﺎﻥ ﺭﺻﻴﺪﻫﺎ ﺍﱃ ﺳﺖ ﻧﻘﺎﻁ ﺑﻌﺪ ﻓﻮﺯﻫﺎ ﰲ‬ ٢ - ٣ ‫ — ﺍﳉﻮﻟﺔ ﺍﻻﻭﱃ ﻋﲆ ﺑﺎﻛﺴﺘﺎﻥ‬Japan

opposition 79 | 3442 |

1201

increased its total to six points after its victory

‫ ﹶﻧ ﹶﺒﺄ‬n. news item, report; pl. ‫ ﹶﺃﻧﹾﺒﺎﺀ‬news ‫ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺃﻧﺒﺎﺀ ﻋﻦ ﻭﺻﻮﻝ ﻗﻮﺍﺕ ﺃﳌﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻛﺒﲑﺓ ﺇﱃ‬ ‫ — ﻟﻴﺒﻴﺎ‬There was news of the arrival of large German forces to Libya

in the first round over Pakistan, 3–2 93 | 2891 |

1208

87 | 3128 |

1202

off

animosity

88 | 3048 |

1209

world if this blatant hostility is attributed to us

‫ ﺃﻟﺴﺖ ﻓﻴﻠﺴﻮﻑ ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻧﺎﻥ ﺍﻷﻋﻈﻢ ﺇﱃ‬،‫ﺇﲏ ﺃﻋﺮﻓﻚ ﺟﻴﺪﺍ‬ ‫ — ﺟﺎﻧﺐ ﺗﻠﻤﻴﺬﻙ ﺃﺭﺳﻄﻮ؟‬I know you well,

‫ ﹺﺧﻄﺎﺏ‬n. speech; message, letter ‫ ﻟﻜﻨﻪ ﻓﺠﺄﺓ ﳖﺾ‬،‫ﺑﺪﺃ ﻳﻜﺘﺐ ﺍﳋﻄﺎﺏ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻟﻜﻤﺒﻴﻮﺗﺮ‬ ‫ — ﻣﻦ ﻣﻜﺎﻧﻪ ﻭﻛﺄﻧﲈ ﺗﺬﻛﺮ ﺷﻴﺌﺎ ﻣﺎ‬He began to

aren’t you the greatest philosopher of Greece next to your student Aristotle? 89 | 3035 |

write the letter on the computer, but suddenly he got up from his place as if he remembered

1210

something

1205

‫ ﹸﻋ ﹸﻤﻮﻡ‬n. generality, totality, whole; people, masses, public; ‫ﹸﻤﻮﻣ ﹰﺎ‬ ‫ ﻋ ﹸ‬in general, generally; ‫ ﹶﻣ ﹾﺠ ﹺﻠﺲ ﺍﻟ ﹸﻌ ﹸﻤﻮ ﹺﻡ‬House of Commons ‫ﺍﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﺔ ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻳﺔ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﺎ ﰲ ﳎﺘﻤﻌﻨﺎ ﺗﻜﺎﺩ ﺗﻜﻮﻥ ﺯﻳﺮﻭ‬ ‫ — ﺇﻥ ﱂ ﺗﺘﺨﻄﻰ ﻫﺬﺍ‬Economic culture in general

‫ ﹺﴍﺍﺀ‬n. buying, purchasing; purchase, acquisition

‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﻳﻘﻒ ﻋﲆ ﺍﳌﺨﺒﺰ ﻳﺘﺰﺍﺣﻢ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﻋﻠﻪ ﻳﻔﻮﺯ‬ ‫ — ﺑﴩﺍﺀ ﻛﻴﻠﻮﻏﺮﺍﻡ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳋﺒﺰ‬He was standing

88 | 3084 |

1204

‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻋ ﹶﻈﻢ‬elat. fem. ‫ ﹸﻋ ﹾﻈ ﹶﻤﻰ‬greater/greatest,

mightier/mightiest; adj. major, supreme

88 | 3064 |

1203

‫ ﹶﺭ ﹾﻓﺾ‬n. rejection, refusal ‫ — ﺃﺷﺎﺭ ﺑﻴﺪﻩ ﻋﻼﻣﺔ ﺍﻟﺮﻓﺾ ﻭﻣﴣ ﺑﻌﻴﺪﺍ‬He signaled his refusal with his hand, and went

‫ ﹸﻋﺪﹾ ﻭﺍﻥ‬n. aggression, hostility; enmity, ‫ﺳﻨﺨﴪ ﻋﻄﻒ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﱂ ﺇﺫﺍ ﺳﺠﻞ ﻋﻠﻴﻨﺎ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺼﺎﺭﺥ‬We will lose the sympathy of the

‫ ﹶﺟ ﹾﻮ ﹶﻟﺔ‬n. pl. -aat tour; round; session; patrol

near the bakery, crowding with the people so he might succeed in buying a kilo of bread 88 | 3033 |

in our society is almost nothing if it doesn’t

‫ ﹶﻣ ﹾﺴ ﹶﺮﺡ‬n. theater, stage ‫— ﻋﺎﺩﺕ ﻓﲑﻭﺯ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺭﺑﻊ ﻣﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﱃ ﺍﳌﴪﺡ‬

go beyond this

Fairuz returned more than four times to the

92 | 2958 |

stage

‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﺘﺎﺭ‬ ‫ ﺍ ﹾﺧ ﹶ‬v. VIII to select, pick, choose sth/sb; to prefer, choose sth ‫ ﻋﲆ‬over sth else ‫ﳚﺐ ﺃﻥ ﻧﺨﺘﺎﺭ ﺷﺨﺼﺎ ﻻ ﻳﺘﻮﻗﻌﻪ ﺻﻔﻮﺕ ﺷﺎﻛﺮ‬ ‫ — ﺇﻃﻼﻗﺎ‬We must choose a person who

1211

84 | 3167 |

1212

‫ ﹺﻏﻴﺎﺏ‬n. absence; disappearance ‫— ﻟﻘﺪ ﻋﺮﻑ ﺇﻥ ﺃﺧﻮﺍﺗﻪ ﺑﻌﻦ ﺃﺭﺿﻪ ﻷﻧﻔﺴﻬﻦ ﰱ ﻏﻴﺎﺑﻪ‬ He found out his sisters had sold his land for

Safwat Shakir will not at all expect

themselves in his absence

99 | 2736 |

88 | 3023 |

Frequency index

1213

‫ ﹶﺣ ﹾﻠ ﹶﻘﺔ‬and ‫ ﹶﺣ ﹶﻠ ﹶﻘﺔ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺣ ﹶﻠﻘﺎﺕ‬ring, circle;

1219

link; program, show; (student) class,

‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﻭﺟﻪ ﺃﺑﻴﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻐﺎﺿﺐ ﻳﻈﻬﺮ ﻭﻳﺪﻩ ﺗﺮﺗﻔﻊ ﰱ ﺍﳍﻮﺍﺀ‬ ￯‫ — ﻭﺗﺼﻔﻌﻬﺎ ﺍﳌﺮﺓ ﺗﻠﻮ ﺍﻷﺧﺮ‬The angry face of

‫ ﰲ‬..‫ﺃﻫﻼ ﺑﻜﻢ ﺇﱃ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﻋﱪ ﺍﳌﺤﻴﻂ ﻣﻦ ﻭﺍﺷﻨﻄﻦ‬ ‫ ﺇﱃ ﺃﻱ ﻣﺪ￯ ﺗﺆﺛﺮ ﺍﻻﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻨﻴﺔ ﻋﲆ‬:‫ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳊﻠﻘﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺻﻴﺎﻏﺔ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺔ ﺍﻟﺮﺋﻴﺲ ﺑﻮﺵ؟‬Welcome

her father appeared, raising his hand in the air,

to the program “Across the Ocean” from

99 | 2694 |

striking her again and again

Washington...In this episode: To what extent do religious considerations influence the

1220

respectable;

97 | 2764 |

Mosques (of Mecca and Medina)

‫ — ﻳﻘﻊ ﺍﳊﺮﻡ ﺍﻹﺑﺮﺍﻫﻴﻤﻲ ﺍﻟﴩﻳﻒ ﰲ ﺍﳋﻠﻴﻞ‬The

‫ ﹶﺿ ﹸﺮ ﹺ‬adj. necessary, required ‫ﻱ‬ ‫ﻭﺭ ﹼ‬ ‫— ﺧﴬﺍ ﺃﺭﺟﻮﻙ ﺭﺩﻱ ﻋﲆ ﺍﳍﺎﺗﻒ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﴐﻭﺭﻱ‬ matter is urgent

Ibrahimi Mosque is located in Hebron 90 | 2947 |

1221

‫ﻻ ﳚﻮﺯ ﱄ ﺃﻥ ﺃﻓﺘﻲ ﻷﻥ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﴈ ﻻ ﳚﻮﺯ ﻟﻪ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻔﺘﻲ‬ — I should not give religious rulings since

‫ ﹶﻓﺴﺎﺩ‬n. corruption; deterioration,

judges are not supposed to do that

decomposition

‫ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺘﻔﻜﲑ ﻳﻌﻮﺩ ﺇﱃ ﻓﺴﺎﺩ ﺍﻟﻨﻈﺎﻡ ﺍﳊﺎﻛﻢ ﰱ ﻣﴫ‬ ‫ — ﻭﻟﻴﺲ ﺇﱃ ﺍﳌﴫﻳﲔ ﺃﻧﻔﺴﻬﻢ‬This thinking can be attributed to the corruption of the ruling

84 | 3165 |

1222

n. pl. ‫ ﹸﺩﻋﺎﺓ‬person (or voice) calling

themselves

‫— ﻻ ﺩﺍﻋﻲ ﳉﺪﻝ ﺟﺎﻧﺒﻲ ﻭﻫﺎﻣﴚ ﻻ ﻗﻴﻤﺔ ﻟﻪ‬

87 | 3074 |

not join the Nuclear Non-proliferation

There is no call for marginal arguments of no value 94 | 2837 |

1223

‫ ﹶﻋﺪﹾ ﻝ‬n. justice, fairness; ‫ ﹶﻭ ﹺﺯﻳﺮ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻌﺪﹾ ﹺﻝ‬Minister of Justice

Agreement

‫ﻫﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻝ ﺃﻥ ﺗﺘﺤﻤﻞ ﺍﳌﺮﺃﺓ ﻭﺣﺪﻫﺎ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳊﻤﻞ ﻏﲑ ﺍﳌﺮﻏﻮﺏ ﻓﻴﻪ؟‬Is it fair for woman

76 | 3491 |

1217

‫ ) ﹺ‬n. reason, cause, motive; ‫( ﺩﺍ ﹴﻉ‬def. ‫ﺩﺍﻋﻲ‬ a.p. calling for sth, calling on sb, inviting sb;

regime in Egypt, and not to the Egyptians

‫ ﺍﹺﺗ ﹺ‬n. pl. -aat treaty, accord ‫ﱢﻔﺎﻗ ﱠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻝ ﺍﻟﺜﻼﺛﺔ ﱂ ﺗﻨﻀﻢ ﺇﱃ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻗﻴﺔ ﻣﻨﻊ ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺴﻼﺡ ﺍﻟﻨﻮﻭﻱ‬These three countries did

‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﹴ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺽ‬ (def. ‫ )ﻗﺎﴈ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﻗﻀﺎﺓ‬judge, magistrate

94 | 2834 |

1216

‫ ﹶﺷ ﹺﺮﻳﻒ‬adj. pl. ‫ ﹸﺷ ﹶﺮﻓﺎﺀ‬noble, honorable, ‫ ﺍﳊﺮﻣﲔ ﺍﻟﴩﻳﻔﲔ‬the Two Holy

formation of President Bush’s policies?

Khadra, I beg you, answer the phone, the

1215

‫ ﹶﻫﻮﺍﺀ‬n. air, atmosphere; climate; ‫ ﻋﹶﲆ ﹶﺍﳍﻮﺍﺀ‬live (broadcast)

course

1214

119

alone to bear the responsibility of an

‫ ﺗ ﹶﹶﺬﻛ ﹶﱠﺮ‬v. V to remember sth ‫— ﺑﻌﺪ ﺛﻼﺛﲔ ﻋﺎﻣﺎ ﻻ ﻳﺰﺍﻝ ﻳﺘﺬﻛﺮ ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﻟﻠﻴﻠﺔ ﺑﻮﺿﻮﺡ‬

unwanted pregnancy? 90 | 2939 |

After thirty years he still remembers that night clearly 97 | 2742 |

1218

‫ﹶﻨﺎﻭ ﹶﻝ‬ ‫ ﺗ ﹶ‬v. VI to deal with, treat (a subject,

1224

‫ ﹶﻃ ﹶﺮ ﹶﺡ‬v. I (a) to throw, cast sth; to pose, ‫ ﻋﲆ‬to sb

present, suggest (question, issue)

(for discussion); to offer (gesture, greeting); to offer sth (for sale); to invite (bids,

an issue); to eat (a meal); to take, ingest

tenders); to float, put into circulation

(medicine)

(shares)

the man took it from him with shaking

about the origins of the family, and work, and

fingers...Dumyan lit it for him

everything

88 | 3027 |

92 | 2857 |

..‫ ﺗﻨﺎﻭﳍﺎ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﻞ ﺑﺄﺻﺎﺑﻊ ﻣﺮﺗﻌﺸﺔ‬،‫ﻗﺪﻡ ﻟﻪ ﺳﻴﺠﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ — ﺃﺷﻌﻠﻬﺎ ﻟﻪ ﺩﻣﻴﺎﻥ‬He offered him a cigarette;

‫ﻃﺮﺣﺖ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﲨﻴﻊ ﺍﻷﺳﺌﻠﺔ ﻋﻦ ﺃﺻﻞ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺋﻠﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ — ﻭﻛﻞ ﳾﺀ‬She asked him all the questions

120

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

1225

‫ ﹶﺷﲈﻟﹺ ﹼﻲ‬adj. northern, north ‫ﺍﻟﺼﲔ ﺗﻨﺘﺰﻉ ﻭﻋﺪﺍ ﻣﻦ ﻛﻮﺭﻳﺎ ﺍﻟﺸﲈﻟﻴﺔ ﺑﻌﺪﻡ ﺇﺟﺮﺍﺀ‬ ￯‫ — ﲡﺮﺑﺔ ﻧﻮﻭﻳﺔ ﺃﺧﺮ‬China extracted a promise

1232

‫( ﹺﺩﻱ‬Egy.) dem.pron. this (fem.sg.), these (non-human pl. and fem.pl.)

!‫ — ﺩﻱ ﻣﺶ ﻭﻟﻴﺔ! ﺩﻱ ﻣﺮﺍﰐ‬This isn’t some

from North Korea not to carry out another

woman! This is my wife!

nuclear test

73 | 3576 |

92 | 2875 |

1226

‫ ﹶﺟﺪﹼ‬n. grandfather, fem. ‫ ﹶﺟﺪﱠ ﺓ‬grandmother ‫ — ﺑﺎﺑﺎ ﻫﻞ ﺳﻴﺬﻫﺐ ﺟﺪﻱ ﻣﻌﻨﺎ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺮ؟‬Papa,

1233

will Grandpa go with us to the sea?

from the air

93 | 2834 | +lit

1227

‫ ﻫﺎﺗﹺﻒ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﻫﻮﺍﺗﹺﻒ‬telephone ‫ﺃﺭﺳﻠﺖ ﺭﺳﺎﻟﺔ ﻗﺼﲑﺓ ﻣﻦ ﻫﺎﺗﻔﻬﺎ ﺍﳉﻮﺍﻝ ﺇﱃ ﻫﺎﺗﻒ‬ ‫ ﻣﱪﻭﻙ ﻳﺎ ﻋﺮﻳﺲ‬:‫ — ﻓﻴﺼﻞ ﺗﻘﻮﻝ ﻟﻪ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬She sent

86 | 3014 |

1234

a short message from her cell phone to Faisal’s

either we take advantage of it or we lose

95 | 2764 |

it forever

‫ ﹶﺣ ﹺﻔ ﹶﻆ‬v. I (a) to save, preserve, maintain; to ‫ﺍﷲ ﹶﻳ ﹾﺤ ﹶﻔ ﹶ‬ protect, guard; to memorize; ‫ﻈﻚ‬ (Irq./yHufDHak/) God preserve you!

99 | 2647 |

1235

(in response to praise or kind gesture)

،‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺼﻌﺐ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺃﻥ ﳛﻔﻆ ﻛﻞ ﳾﺀ ﺑﺪﻗﺔ ﻟﻴﻨﻘﻠﻪ‬ ‫ — ﻓﺄﺻﺒﺤﺖ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺑﺔ ﻭﺳﻴﻠﺘﻪ ﻟﻨﻘﻞ ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‬It was

the winds calmed down 90 | 2883 |

precisely to quote it, so writing became his 1236

97 | 2717 |

1229

‫ﻛﻨﺖ ﺃﺧﺎﻑ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﻟﺘﻠﻚ ﺍﻟﻘﺼﺔ ﺗﺄﺛﲑ ﺳﻠﺒﻲ‬ ‫ ﺃﻭ ﻋﲆ ﻧﻈﺮﺗﻚ ﱄ‬،‫ — ﻋﲆ ﻋﻼﻗﺘﻨﺎ‬I was afraid that this story would have a negative effect on our

a condition of weakness, not a condition of

relationship, or on your view

strength

of me

97 | 2708 |

1230

provincial, district

91 | 2851 |

1237

‫ﻻ ﺃﺩﺭﻱ ﻣﺎ ﻣﻌﻨﻰ ﻗﻮﺓ ﺇﻗﻠﻴﻤﻴﺔ؟ ﻓﺈﴎﺍﺋﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻡ ﻗﻮﺓ‬ ‫ ﻓﻬﻲ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩﺓ‬،‫ — ﺇﻗﻠﻴﻤﻴﺔ ﺑﻤﻌﻨﻰ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻌﺎﲏ‬I don’t

all lived as she wanted

Israel today is a regional power in one sense,

96 | 2697 |

since it exists 73 | 3577 |

‫ ﻣ ﹺ‬institute, academy, school ‫ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻌ ﹶﻬﺪ‬n. pl. ‫ﻌﺎﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺪﻣﺎ ﲣﺮﺟﺖ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻌﻬﺪ ﺍﳌﻮﺳﻴﻘﻰ ﺣﺎﻭﻟﺖ ﺇﻧﺘﺎﺝ‬ ‫ — ﴍﻳﻂ‬After I graduated from the Music

‫ ﹺ‬adj. sixth (ordinal) ‫ﺳﺎﺩﺱ‬ ‫ ﻟﻘﺪ ﺑﻠﻐﺖ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺩﺳﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺜﻼﺛﲔ ﻭﱂ‬..‫ﺗﻔﻜﺮ ﰱ ﺣﻴﺎﲥﺎ‬ ‫ — ﺗﻌﺶ ﻗﻂ ﻛﲈ ﺃﺭﺍﺩﺕ‬She is thinking about her life...she has reached thirty-six and has not at

know what the meaning of “regional power” is.

1231

‫ ﹶﺳ ﹾﻠﺒﹺ ﹼﻲ‬adj. negative, passive; n. ‫ﹶﺳ ﹾﻠﺒﹺ ﹼﻴﺎﺕ‬ negative points

‫ ﹸﺿ ﹾﻌﻒ‬n. weakness ‫ — ﺍﳊﺐ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ ﺿﻌﻒ ﻭﻟﻴﺲ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ ﻗﻮﺓ‬Love is

‫ ﺇﹺ ﹾﻗﻠﹺ ﹺ‬adj. regional, territorial, area; ‫ﻴﻤ ﹼﻲ‬

‫ ﹺﺭﻳﺢ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹺﺭﻳﺎﺡ‬wind; odor ‫— ﺍﻧﺠﻠﺖ ﺍﻟﻐﻴﻮﻡ ﻋﻦ ﺍﳌﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻡ ﻭﺧﻔﺖ ﺍﻟﺮﻳﺎﺡ‬ The clouds cleared from the city today, and

difficult for him to memorize everything means of transferring information

‫ ﺇﹺ ﹼﻣﺎ‬conj. ‫ﺇﹺ ﹼﻣﺎ‬/‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭ‬.. ‫ ﺇﹺ ﹼﻣﺎ‬either...or ‫ ﺇﻣﺎ‬،‫ﻗﺪ ﻋﻠﻤﺘﻨﻰ ﺍﳊﻴﺎﺓ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﺻﺔ ﺗﺄﺗﻰ ﻣﺮﺓ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﺓ‬ ‫ — ﺃﻥ ﻧﺴﺘﻐﻠﻬﺎ ﺃﻭ ﻧﻀﻴﻌﻬﺎ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻷﺑﺪ‬Life has taught me that opportunity comes only once;

phone telling him: Congratulations, Bridegroom!

1228

‫ ﹶﻃ ﹾﻴﺮ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﻃ ﹸﻴﻮﺭ‬bird ‫ﺗﺴﺘﻄﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﻄﻴﻮﺭ ﺍﻥ ﺗﺮ￯ ﻣﺴﺎﻓﺔ ﻭﺍﺳﻌﺔ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻔﻀﺎﺀ‬Birds can see wide distances

1238

‫ ﹶﺑﻜﹶﻰ‬v. I (i) to cry, weep (‫ ﻋﲆ‬over sth/sb); to mourn, weep for sb

‫— ﻛﻠﲈ ﻗﺎﻣﺖ ﺑﺘﺨﺮﻳﻂ ﺍﻟﺒﺼﻞ ﺑﻜﻰ ﺍﳉﲑﺍﻥ‬ Whenever she chopped onions, the neighbors

Institute I tried to produce a tape

cried

96 | 2725 |

89 | 2907 |

Frequency index

1239

‫ ﹶﺩﻭﺍﺀ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺩ ﹺﻭ ﹶﻳﺔ‬remedy, medicine, medication ‫ﻟﻜﻦ ﺷﻔﺎﺀﻩ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﺯﻣﺔ ﱂ ﻳﺄﺕ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﺔ ﺍﻷﺩﻭﻳﺔ ﻭﻻ‬ ‫ ﻭﺇﻧﲈ ﺑﻔﻀﻞ ﺻﻼﺑﺔ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻴﺔ‬،‫ — ﺟﻠﺴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﻼﺝ‬But

prominent works were translated into several languages, especially French and English 84 | 3060 |

his recovery from the health crisis did not

toughness

‫ ﹶﺿﲈﻥ‬n. pl. -aat guarantee, insurance ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﰲ ﺻﻴﻐﺘﻪ ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﱂ ﻳﻘﺪﻡ ﺃﻳﺔ ﺿﲈﻧﺎﺕ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﺓ‬ ‫ — ﺗﺪﻋﻢ ﺣﺮﻳﺔ ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬The law in its final form

96 | 2716 |

did not offer any new guarantees which

come as a result of the medicine nor of the

1246

therapy sessions, but rather thanks to an inner

1240

‫ ﹺﻭ ﹾﺟ ﹶﻬﺔ‬and ‫ ﹸﻭ ﹾﺟ ﹶﻬﺔ‬n. pl. -aat direction, angle; ‫ﻭﺟﻬﺔ ﹶﻧ ﹶﻈ ﹴﺮ‬ point of view ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ ﻳﻌﺘﱪ ﺣﺎﺩﺛﺔ ﴎﻗﺔ‬،‫ﺍﻟﲇ ﺣﺼﻞ ﻣﻦ ﻭﺟﻬﺔ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻧﻮﻥ‬

support the freedom of the media 91 | 2834 |

1247

— What happened from the point of view of the law would be considered theft 97 | 2676 |

1241

121

‫ ﹶﺧﺒﹺﲑ‬n./adj. pl. ‫ ﹸﺧ ﹶﺒﺮﺍﺀ‬expert, specialist ‫ﻳﺬﻛﺮ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺮﻳﺮ ﺍﻟﴪﻱ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺃﻗﻮﺍﻝ ﺍﳋﱪﺍﺀ ﺃﻥ ﻛﻮﺭﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﲈﻟﻴﺔ ﻗﺪ ﺗﺴﺘﻌﺪ ﻟﻠﻘﻴﺎﻡ ﺑﺎﺧﺘﺒﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ ﻟﻠﺴﻼﺡ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻨﻮﻭﻱ‬The secret report mentions some quotes from experts that North Korea might

‫ ﹸﻋ ﹾﻤﻖ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃﻋﹾﲈﻕ‬depth, deep, bottom ‫ ﻟﻜﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﻠﻴﻔﻮﻥ ﺭﻥ‬، ‫ﺟﻠﺴﺖ ﺗﻔﻜﺮ ﺑﻌﻤﻖ ﰱ ﻛﻼﻡ ﺃﻣﻬﺎ‬ ‫ — ﻣﻦ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‬She sat thinking deeply about

be preparing to do its first testing of nuclear weapons 87 | 2963 |

her mother’s words, but the telephone rang again

1248

1242

‫ ﹶﻋ ﹺﻤﻴﻖ‬adj. deep, profound ‫ﻭﻣﺎ ﺇﻥ ﻭﺿﻌﺖ ﺭﺃﺳﻬﺎ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻟﻮﺳﺎﺩﺓ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺭﺍﺣﺖ ﻓﻮﺭﺍ‬ ‫ — ﰱ ﻧﻮﻡ ﻋﻤﻴﻖ‬Hardly had she put her head on the pillow when she fell into a deep sleep

a while, and then left 76 | 3357 | +spo

1249

90 | 2885 |

1243

‫ ﹶﻣ ﹶﺸﻰ‬v. I (i) to walk, go; to leave, go away; !‫ ﺍﹺ ﹾﻣ ﹺﴚ‬go away! ‫ — ﺟﻪ ﻗﻌﺪ ﺷﻮﻳﺔ ﻭﻣﺸﻰ‬He came and sat (Dia.)

89 | 2904 |

‫ ﹶﺑ ﹶﻠ ﹺﺪ ﱠﻳﺔ‬n. pl. -aat municipality, community,

‫ ﹶ ﹸ‬n. pl. -aat camp; refugee camp ‫ﳐ ﱠﻴﻢ‬ ‫ ﻗﴣ ﺳﺘﺔ ﺃﺷﻬﺮ ﰲ‬،‫ﺃﻋﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﻟﱪﻳﻄﺎﻧﻴﻮﻥ ﺇﱃ ﻗﱪﺹ‬ ‫ ﺛﻢ ﻭﺻﻞ ﺃﺧﲑﺍ ﺇﱃ ﳐﻴﻢ ﺍﳌﻬﺎﺟﺮﻳﻦ‬،«‫ﳐﻴﻢ »ﻓﲈﻏﻮﺳﺘﺎ‬ — The British returned him to Cyprus, he spent six months in the Famagusta Camp, and

township; city council

‫ﺍﺟﺘﻤﻌﺖ ﳉﻨﺔ ﺍﻷﺳﻌﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻹﺳﻜﻨﺪﺭﻳﺔ ﺑﺪﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﺒﻠﺪﻳﺔ‬ ‫ — ﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺪ ﺃﺳﻌﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻊ‬The prices committee in

then he finally reached the Emigrants’ camp 84 | 3053 |

Alexandria met in the municipal building to set the prices of the goods

1250

87 | 2965 |

‫ﻱ‬ ‫ ﻣﺎ ﱢﺩ ﹼ‬adj. material, physical; materialistic; financial; ‫ ﻣﺎ ﱢﺩ ﹼﻳ ﹰﺎ‬materially, physically; financially

1244

‫ﺃﺣﻮﺍﻝ ﻭﺍﻟﺪﻱ ﺍﳌﺎﺩﻳﺔ ﺟﻴﺪﺓ ﺛﻢ ﺇﻥ ﴏﻑ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻨﺎﺭ‬ ‫ — ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﻟﻠﲑﺓ ﺍﻟﺴﻮﺭﻳﺔ ﻋﺎﻝ ﺟﺪﺍ‬My father’s

‫( ﹶﺧﻼﺹ‬Egy.Gul.Alg.) interj. OK, that’s it, it’s over, that’s enough

‫ ﻻ‬،‫ﺧﻼﺹ ﺑﻘﻰ ﺣﺎﻳﺴﻴﺐ ﺍﻟﻌﺴﻜﺮﻳﺔ ﻭﻳﺒﻘﻰ ﺃﻓﻨﺪﻱ‬ ‫ — ﻳﻄﻠﻊ ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ‬That’s it, then, he will leave

material condition is fine, and the exchange rate of the dinar for the Syrian lira is very high

the military and become an Efendi, not going

95 | 2691 |

out on patrols 73 | 3546 | +spo

1245

‫ ) ﹺ‬adv. especially ‫( ﹺﺳ ﱠﻴﲈ‬usu. ‫ﻻﺳ ﱠﻴﲈ‬ ‫ ﻭﻻ‬،‫ﻧﻘﻞ ﻋﺪﺩ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻋﲈﻟﻪ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺭﺯﺓ ﺇﱃ ﻟﻐﺎﺕ ﻣﺘﻌﺪﺩﺓ‬ ‫ — ﺳﻴﲈ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻧﺴﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻹﻧﻜﻠﻴﺰﻳﺔ‬A number of his

1251

‫ ﺗ ﹾﹶﻮﻓﹺﻴﻖ‬n. success; reconciliation, mediation ‫ﺃﲤﻨﻰ ﻟﻚ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﻓﻴﻖ ﻭﻛﺴﺐ ﺍﻟﻜﺜﲑ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﺻﺪﻗﺎﺀ ﺍﳉﺪﺩ‬ — I wish you success and (gaining) lots of new friends 92 | 2789 | +for

122

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

1252

‫ ﹶﺻ ﹺﻌﻴﺪ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺻ ﹺﻌﺪﹶ ﺓ‬level, plane; ‫ ﺍﻟﺼﻌﻴﺪ‬Upper

1259

Egypt

say, i.e.

‫— ﳚﺐ ﺃﻥ ﳚﺮﻱ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺚ ﻋﲆ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺻﻌﻴﺪ‬

1253

This conversation needs to take place on more

،‫ ﻛﻨﺖ ﺣﺎﺋﺮﺍ‬،‫ ﺍﻱ ﻗﺒﻞ ﻳﻮﻣﲔ‬،‫ﻣﻦ ﻳﻮﻡ ﺍﻷﺭﺑﻌﺎﺀ ﺍﳌﺎﴈ‬ ‫ ﺩﻭﻥ ﺳﺒﺐ‬،‫ — ﻗﻠﻘﺎ‬Since last Wednesday, i.e.

than one level

two days ago, I’ve been confused, worried, for

81 | 3138 |

no reason

‫ ﹶﻓ ﹾﻮﺭ‬n. ‫ ﹶﻓ ﹾﻮﺭ ﹰﺍ‬and ‫ ﻋﹶﲆ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻔ ﹾﻮﺭ‬immediately, at once; ‫ ﹶﻓ ﹾﻮ ﹶﺭ‬immediately after ‫ﺇﺫﺍ ﻻﺣﻆ ﺃﺩﻧﻰ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻙ ﺃﻭ ﺗﻨﺎﻗﺾ ﰱ ﺍﻹﺟﺎﺑﺔ ﻳﺼﻄﺤﺒﻬﻢ‬ ‫— ﻓﻮﺭﺍ ﺇﱃ ﻣﻜﺘﺐ ﺟﺎﻧﺒﻰ ﻻﺳﺘﺠﻮﺍﲠﻢ ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﻣﻮﺳﻊ‬

73 | 3436 |

1260

possible (of God); to respect sth, take sth into consideration

contradiction in the answer, he accompanies

‫ﻣﻦ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳌﺒﺎﺩﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻻ ﺗﻘﺪﺭ ﺑﺜﻤﻦ ﺍﳖﺎ ﻟﻦ‬ ‫ — ﺗﻜﻠﻒ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﺔ ﻓﻠﺴﺎ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﺍ‬Among the

them immediately to a side office to interrogate them more extensively

characteristics of this priceless initiative

93 | 2736 |

‫ ﹶﻓ ﹾﺮﺽ‬vn. imposing, levying; n. (religious) duty ‫ ﻭﻛﻞ ﻣﺎ ﻓﻌﻠﻨﺎﻩ ﺃﻧﻨﺎ‬،‫ﻟﻘﺪ ﺣﺎﻭﻟﺖ ﻓﺮﺽ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻬﺎ ﻋﻠﻴﻨﺎ‬ ‫ — ﲡﻨﺒﻨﺎﻫﺎ‬She tried to impose her logic on us, and all we did was avoid her

is that it will not cost the state a single penny 91 | 2770 |

1261

‫ ﹸﻣﺪﹶ ﱢﺭﺏ‬n. trainer, coach; instructor ‫ﻭﻗﻔﻮﺍ ﲨﻴﻌﺎ ﺃﻣﺎﻡ ﺍﻻﺧﺘﺼﺎﺻﻴﺔ ﻛﺎﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻭﻛﺄﳖﻢ ﻻﻋﺒﻮﻥ‬ ‫ — ﻳﺘﻠﻘﻮﻥ ﺗﻮﺟﻴﻬﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﺪﺭﺏ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﳌﺒﺎﺭﺍﺓ‬They all

What you are doing is forbidden by religious

stood up in front of the specialist Catherine as

95 | 2652 |

law, with the consensus of all the religious scholars

if they were players receiving instructions from the coach before the match

1262

80 | 3189 |

1256

suitcase to the car, but I refused, thanking him

from the parking lot 97 | 2611 |

1263

89 | 2839 |

c’mon! hurry up! let’s...!

guy, you and him...come on!

1264

41 | 6096 | +spo

1258

‫ ﻛ ﱢﹶﻤ ﱠﻴﺔ‬n. pl. -aat quantity, amount ‫ﺗﺮﻛﻬﺎ ﻭﺃﺧﺬ ﻃﺮﻳﻘﻪ ﺇﱃ ﺍﳌﻨﺰﻝ ﻭﲪﻞ ﳍﺎ ﺃﻛﱪ ﻛﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ — ﳑﻜﻨﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳍﺪﺍﻳﺎ‬He left her and made his

‫ ﹸﺳﻮﺀ‬n. offense; bad, ill; miss‫ — ﺳﺘﺘﻬﻤﻨﻲ ﺑﺎﳉﻬﻞ ﻭﺳﻮﺀ ﺍﻟﺘﴫﻑ‬She will accuse me of ignorance and bad behavior

‫( ﻳﺎﷲ‬also ‫ ﻳﻠﻼ‬and ‫ )ﻳﻼ‬/yaLLa/ (Dia.) interj. ‫ ﺍﺑﻘﻮﺍ ﺗﻌﺎﻟﻮﺍ‬..‫ — ﻳﺎﷲ ﻳﺎ ﺳﻴﺪﻱ ﺍﻧﺖ ﻭﻫﻮ‬Come on,

‫ ﹺﻣﺘﹾﺮ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻣﺘﺎﺭ‬meter ‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﻣﻨﺰﻟﻪ ﻳﺒﻌﺪ ﻧﺤﻮ ﻣﺎﺋﺔ ﻣﱰ ﻋﻦ ﻣﻮﻗﻒ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬ — His house was about a hundred meters

‫ ﹶﺣ ﹾﻤﻞ‬n. carrying; pregnancy ‫ ﻟﻜﻨﻰ‬،‫ﺣﺎﻭﻝ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺴﺎﻋﺪﻧﻰ ﰱ ﲪﻞ ﺍﳊﻘﻴﺒﺔ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ — ﺭﻓﻀﺖ ﺷﺎﻛﺮﺍ‬He tried to help me carry the 95 | 2668 |

1257

‫ ﹶﺣﺮﺍﻡ‬adj. forbidden, out of bounds; sacred, !‫ ﻳﺎ ﹶﺣﺮﺍﻡ‬what a shame! ‫— ﺇﻥ ﻣﺎ ﺗﻔﻌﻠﻴﻨﻪ ﺣﺮﺍﻡ ﴍﻋﺎ ﺑﺈﲨﺎﻉ ﲨﻬﻮﺭ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﲈﺀ‬ holy;

95 | 2666 |

1255

‫ ﹶﻗﺪﱠ ﹶﺭ‬v. II to estimate, calculated, appraise sth; to appreciate, value sth; to allow, make

If he notices the slightest confusion or

1254

‫ﻱ‬ ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾ‬part. or, in other words, that is to

‫ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻘﺪﹶ‬v. I (i) to lose sth; to lack, be missing sth ‫ — ﺃﺧﺸﻰ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻔﻘﺪ ﺻﻼﺡ ﻭﻇﻴﻔﺘﻪ‬I am afraid that Salah will lose his job 90 | 2804 |

way to the house and brought her the largest

￯‫ ﺍﹺ ﹾﺷﺘ ﹶﹶﺮ‬v. VIII to buy, purchase sth ‫ — ﱂ ﻳﺴﺘﻄﻊ ﺑﲈﻟﻪ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺸﱰﻱ ﺿﲈﺋﺮﻧﺎ‬He wasn’t

possible number of gifts

able to buy our consciences with his money

93 | 2721 |

94 | 2677 |

1265

Frequency index

1266

‫ ﹸﺳﻮﺩﺍﻧﹺ ﹼﻲ‬n./adj. Sudanese ‫ﺗﻘﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻄﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﻮﺩﺍﻧﻴﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﻘﺒﺾ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻟﻔﺘﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﳊﺎﻣﻼﺕ ﺟﺮﺍﺀ ﺗﻌﺮﺿﻬﻦ ﻟﻼﻏﺘﺼﺎﺏ ﻋﲆ ﻳﺪ ﻋﻨﺎﴏ‬ ‫ — ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺸﻴﺎ ﺍﳉﻨﺠﻮﻳﺪ‬The Sudanese authorities

1273

123

‫ ﺍﹺﻧﹾﺘﹺﻬﺎﺀ‬n. finish, completion, conclusion ‫ﻧﴩﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻒ ﻗﺼﻴﺪﺓ ﺷﻮﻗﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﻰ ﻛﺘﺒﻬﺎ ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ — ﺑﺎﺭﻳﺲ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﻧﺘﻬﺎﺀ ﺍﳊﺮﺏ ﺍﻷﻭﱃ‬The newspapers published Shawqi’s ode which

are arresting the girls who became pregnant as

he wrote about Paris after the end of

a result of their being raped by members of

World War I

the Janjaweed militia

88 | 2831 |

76 | 3291 |

1267

‫ ﹶﻛ ﹾﻠﺐ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹺﻛﻼﺏ‬dog ‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻮﻗﺖ ﻇﻬﺮﺍ ﺣﲔ ﺃﻋﻠﻦ ﻧﺒﺎﺡ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﺐ ﻋﻦ ﻗﺪﻭﻡ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺪ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻫﺒﻂ ﻣﻦ ﺳﻴﺎﺭﺗﻪ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺠﻮ‬It was noontime

1274

‫ ﺗ ﹶﹶﻀ ﱠﻤ ﹶﻦ‬v. V to guarantee; comprise, include ‫ﻟﻘﺪ ﺃﻋﺪﺩﺕ ﻭﺛﻴﻘﺔ ﺗﻀﻤﻨﺖ ﺃﺭﺑﻌﺔ ﻋﴩ ﻓﺼﻼ ﻭﻏﻄﺖ‬ ‫ — ﻛﻞ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻘﻀﺎﻳﺎ‬I have prepared a document that included fourteen chapters and covered

when the barking of the dog announced the

all these issues

arrival of the man who got out of his Peugeot

82 | 3048 |

91 | 2743 |

1268

‫ ﻧﺎ ﹶﻡ‬v. I (a) to sleep; lie down ‫ﺻﻔﺎ ﺫﻫﻨﻬﺎ ﻭﲢﺮﺭﺕ ﻋﻀﻼﲥﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺗﺮ ﻭﻛﺄﳖﺎ ﻧﺎﻣﺖ‬ ‫ — ﺑﻌﻤﻖ ﻳﻮﻣﺎ ﻛﺎﻣﻼ‬Her mind became clear and

1275

‫ ﹶﺣﺪﱠ ﹶﺩ‬v. II to specify, determine sth; to set, define sth

‫ — ﻇﻞ ﳛﺪﺛﻨﻲ ﻃﻮﻳﻼ ﺩﻭﻥ ﺃﻥ ﳛﺪﺩ ﻣﺒﺘﻐﺎﻩ‬He kept talking to me for a long time without making

her muscles freed themselves of stress, as if she

his desires clear

had gone into a deep sleep for an entire day

97 | 2561 |

92 | 2727 |

1269

‫ ﹶﻗ ﹾﴫ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﻗ ﹸﺼﻮﺭ‬castle, palace ‫ﻟﻘﺪ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻳﺴﻤﺢ ﻟﻜﻞ ﻣﻦ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﴫ ﺑﺎﻟﺬﻫﺎﺏ ﺇﱃ ﺍﳌﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ — ﻟﻠﻘﺮﺍﺀﺓ ﻭﺍﻻﻃﻼﻉ‬He allowed everyone in the

1276

palace to go to the library to read and browse

my life is when I put the last brush stroke on

97 | 2572 |

1270

the canvas

‫ ﹺ‬n. pl. ‫ﻮﺍﺩﺙ‬ ‫ ﺣ ﹺ‬accident, mishap; event, ‫ﺣﺎﺩ ﹶﺛﺔ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ incident

‫ﺃﻛﺪﺕ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺔ ﺍﻥ ﻇﺎﻫﺮﺓ ﺗﺰﺍﻳﺪ ﺣﻮﺍﺩﺙ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﻞ ﰲ‬ ‫ — ﻣﴫ ﺍﲣﺬﺕ ﰲ ﺍﻵﻭﻧﺔ ﺍﻷﺧﲑﺓ ﺑﻌﺪﺍ ﺩﻭﻟﻴﺎ‬The

88 | 2816 |

1277

study confirmed that the phenomenon of

male and female students

times, an international dimension

87 | 2840 |

97 | 2566 |

‫ ﻟﻴﻪ‬/leeh/ (Egy.Lev.Gul.) interrog. why ‫ ﻣﻊ ﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﻼﻡ ﺩﺍ ﰲ ﺍﻷﺻﻞ‬،‫ﺃﻧﺖ ﻣﺶ ﻣﺒﺴﻮﻁ ﻟﻴﻪ‬ ‫ — ﺇﻗﱰﺍﺣﻚ؟‬Why aren’t you happy, even though this was your idea in the first place? 56 | 4434 | +spo

1272

‫ ﹶﺩ ﹾﺭﺱ‬vn. studying; examining, checking; n. pl. ‫ ﹸﺩ ﹸﺭﻭﺱ‬lesson, course, study ‫ — ﻟﻘﺪ ﺃﺿﻌﺖ ﻭﻗﺖ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺱ ﰱ ﻛﻼﻡ ﺑﻼ ﻣﻌﻨﻰ‬You have

‫( ﱠ ﹺﳑﻦ‬ß‫ ) ﹺﻣﻦ ﹶﻣﻦ‬prep.phr. from whom ١٦٨٤٠ ‫ ﻳﻘﺪﺭ ﺏ‬٧٩ ‫ﻋﺪﺩ ﺍﻟﻄﻠﺒﺔ ﳑﻦ ﻫﻢ ﻓﻮﻕ ﻣﻌﺪﻝ‬ ‫ — ﻃﺎﻟﺒﺎ ﻭﻃﺎﻟﺒﺔ‬The number of students who are above a 79 average is estimated at 16,840

traffic accidents in Egypt has taken, in recent

1271

‫ ﹶﻟ ﹾﻮ ﹶﺣﺔ‬n. pl. -aat painting, picture; panel, board; ‫ ﹶﻟ ﹾﻮﺣﺔ ﹶﻣﻔﺎﺗﻴﺢ‬keyboard ‫ﺇﻥ ﺃﲨﻞ ﳊﻈﺔ ﰱ ﺣﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﺃﺿﻊ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﺷﺎﺓ ﺍﻷﺧﲑﺓ‬ ‫ — ﻋﲆ ﺍﻟﻠﻮﺣﺔ‬The most beautiful moment of

1278

‫ ﹶﻃ ﹾﺮﺡ‬n. suggestion, proposal (topic, idea); offering (gesture, greeting); offering (for sale); inviting (bids, tenders); floating, putting into circulation (shares)

‫ ﻓﺴﺆﺍﻟﻪ‬..‫ﱂ ﻳﻌﺪ ﺑﺈﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻔﻲ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺳﺆﺍﻝ ﺁﺧﺮ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻮﺣﻴﺪ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺟﻮﺍﺑﻪ ﳏﺎﴐﺓ ﻛﺎﻓﻴﺔ ﻭﺷﺎﻣﻠﺔ‬The journalist was not able to submit another question...since the answer to his only question was a comprehensive and sufficient

wasted the class’s time with meaningless words

lecture

97 | 2579 |

86 | 2858 |

124

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

17 Movement 109 113 123 183 297 343 345 472 489 510 613 673 809 819 860 887 908 1025 1030

1034 1100 1135 1175 1248 1289 1381 1383 1512 1672 1699 1706 1869 1870 1901 1953 2009 2033 2200 2203 2221 2299

‫ﺟﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺡ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺻﻞ‬ ‫ﺩﺧﻞ‬ ‫ﺃﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﺧﺮﺝ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﻙ‬ ‫ﺫﻫﺐ‬ ‫ﻣﺮ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺭﺟﻊ‬ ‫ﻧﺰﻝ‬ ‫ﺣﴬ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﻌﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺑﻊ‬ ‫ﻣﴣ‬ ‫ﺳﺒﻖ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻊ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﺪﹼ ﻡ‬ ‫ﲡﺎﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻄﻠﻖ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﲢﺮﻙ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﱰﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﻘﻞ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻓﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﻏﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﺍﺟﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻼ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﹼﺍﲡﻪ‬ ‫ﳊﻖ‬ ‫ﻫﺮﺏ‬ ‫ﺭﺣﻞ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺗﺄﺧﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺻﻞ‬ ‫ﹼ‬

to come

2332

to go

‫ﺍﺑﺘﻌﺪ‬

2374

‫ﺗﻮﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﹼ‬

to enter

2395

to come

2412

to go out

2543

to leave

3025

to go

3026

to pass by

3069

to return

3095

to descend

3121

‫ﻃﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺻﻌﺪ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻗﻔﺰ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻘﻠﺐ‬ ‫ﻏﺮﻕ‬ ‫ﻗﺪﻡ‬

to return to arrive

to come; attend

3159

to walk

3167

to pursue

3263

to follow

3288

to go by to precede

3333

to cover

3573

(a distance)

3652

(also cut)

3816

to revolve

3856

to submit;

3873

advance

3912

to go beyond to depart

3935

to walk

3974

to drive, pilot

3991

to move

4079

to get close to

4138

to transfer

4145

to travel to follow

4360

to leave to retreat

4426

to arrive

4491

to rise

4624

to surpass

4747

to face

4844

towards

5059

to be attached

5122

to flee to travel

5291

to be late

5516

to arrive at

5550

‫ﻫﺒﻂ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﻗﺒﻞ‬ ‫ﺃﻗﺪﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﱪ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺨﻔﺾ‬ ￯‫ﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺭﻛﺾ‬ ‫ﻧﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﺣ ﹼﻠﻖ‬ ‫ﺍﺧﱰﻕ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺭﻉ‬ ‫ﺗﺴ ﹼﻠﻞ‬ ‫ﺷﻖ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺗﺪ ﹼﻓﻖ‬ ‫ﺳﺒﺢ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺣﻂ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺟﺮ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺤﻢ‬ ‫ﻋﺪﺍ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﺎﻋﺪ‬ ‫ﹼﻓﺮ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻲ‬ ‫ﻗ ﹼﻠﺐ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺧﻄﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﺗﺒﻊ‬

towards

5747

to fly

5793

to rise

5827

to pass by

5853

to flow

5887

to jump

5920

to turn over

5949

‫ﺭﻭﺡ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻫﺠﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺗﹼﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺿﻞ‬ ‫ﺩﺏ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﲡﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻕ‬ ‫ﲣ ﹼﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﺗﻌ ﹼﺜﺮ‬

5979

‫ﺟﺎﻭﺯ‬

to pass,

6007

‫ﺯﺣﻒ‬

to crawl,

6109

￯ ‫ﻋﺪﹼ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺬ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻏﹼﻞ‬

to cross

to move

5634

away from

5667

to head

5708

to sink, drown to arrive, come to drop; land to approach to approach to undertake,

6191

approach

6232

to cross to drop, fall

6242

to guide

6299

‫ﺗﴪﺏ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ￯‫ﺃﴎ‬

6417

‫ﺗﻌﺎﻗﺐ‬

to traverse,

6581

cross

6677

to hurry to

6835

to infiltrate

6871

to cut through

6876

to flow

6919

to swim

6929

to descend,

6960

land

7009

to wander

7137

about

7197

to drag

7206

to invade

7255

to run

7358

to climb

7464

to escape

7504

‫ﺑﻌﺪ‬ ‫ﻋﺠﻞ‬ ‫ﻋﻘﺐ‬ ‫ﺣﻮﺱ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻏﻞ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺝ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﲤﺸﻰ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺧﺶ‬ ‫ﴎﻉ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﲥﺮﺏ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻏﺮﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﺛﺐ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺗﴪﻉ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺭ‬

to run to emanate to hover;

to ascend to turn

7511

upside down

7557

to hover, circle to step, walk

7767

to follow

7852

‫ﺗﻘﺎﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﳖﺞ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻭﺷﻚ‬

to go home to emigrate to follow to go astray to crawl to drive, pilot to roam to pass to be late to crawl, move slowly exceed march to penetrate to make an incursion to infiltrate to travel by night to follow consecutively to go away to hurry to follow to take a walk to penetrate to circulate to walk, stroll to enter to accelerate to escape to float, swim to depart to jump, leap to get lost to hurry to move from side to side to approach to pursue, follow to travel to hurry

Frequency index

1279

1280

‫ ﹶﺟﻨﹸﻮﺑﹺ ﹼﻲ‬adj. southern, south ‫ﺍﳌﺴﻠﺤﻮﻥ ﺍﻵﻥ ﳏﺎﴏﻭﻥ ﰲ ﺍﳉﻬﺔ ﺍﳉﻨﻮﺑﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﺨﻴﻢ ﰲ‬ ‫ ﻣﱰ ﻣﺮﺑﻊ‬١٠٠٠ ‫ — ﻣﺴﺎﺣﺔ ﺗﺒﻠﻎ‬The armed men

1286

125

‫ ﻣ ﹺ‬concept, ‫ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻔ ﹸﻬﻮﻡ‬adj. understood; n. pl. ‫ﻔﺎﻫﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﹶ‬

notion; meaning, sense, definition

are now surrounded in the south of the camp

‫ﰲ ﻇﻞ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻠﻮﺣﺔ ﺍﳌﻌﻘﺪﺓ ﻻﺑﺪ ﻟﻨﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳌﻔﻬﻮﻡ ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻲ ﻟﻠﴩﻕ ﺍﻷﻭﺳﻂ ﺍﳉﺪﻳﺪ‬In view

in an area of 1,000 square meters

of this complicated picture, it is necessary for

92 | 2683 |

us to search for the American conception of the new Middle East

‫ ﹶﻋ ﹶﺮ ﹶﺽ‬v. I (i) to show, exhibit, present sth; to

87 | 2833 |

review, inspect sth

‫ﺍﺳﺘﻌﺎﻥ ﺑﺰﻭﺟﺔ ﺃﺣﺪ ﺃﺻﺪﻗﺎﺋﻪ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺏ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻋﺮﺿﺖ‬ ‫ — ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻤﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﺩﺓ ﻟﻘﺎﺀ ﻣﺒﻠﻎ ﻣﺎﱄ‬He asked the

1287

help of the wife of one of his Arab friends who offered to teach her to drive in exchange for

1281

do is in fact a departure from the Yemeni

an amount of money

constitution

94 | 2624 |

77 | 3176 |

‫ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻘ ﹼﺮ‬n. center, headquarters, main residence ،‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﻄﺒﻮﻋﺎ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﻔﺼﻴﻞ ﻣﻊ ﺧﺮﻳﻄﺔ ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ — ﻓﻮﺻﻠﺖ ﺇﱃ ﻣﻘﺮ ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺑﻄﺔ ﺑﺴﻬﻮﻟﺔ‬The address was

1288

printed in detail with an explanatory map, so I

control his behavior

87 | 2844 |

‫ ﹺ‬adj. searching (‫ ﻋﻦ‬for); discussing ‫ﺑﺎﺣﺚ‬ (‫ ﰲ‬sth); researching (‫ ﰲ‬sth); n. pl. -uun

86 | 2856 |

1289

‫ﻗﺎﺩ ﺳﻴﺎﺭﺗﻪ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺖ ﻭﻫﻮ ﻳﺒﺬﻝ ﳎﻬﻮﺩﺍ ﻛﺒﲑﺍ ﻟﻴﺤﺘﻔﻆ‬ ‫ — ﺑﱰﻛﻴﺰﻩ‬He drove his car to the house,

‫ﻻﺣﻆ ﺃﻥ ﻣﻌﻈﻢ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺣﺜﲔ ﻋﻦ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻣﺆﻗﺖ ﳑﺰﻗﻮ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺜﻴﺎﺏ‬He noticed that most of the

exerting great efforts to maintain his

temporary job seekers had torn clothing

concentration

88 | 2815 |

‫ ﹸﺻ ﹸﻌﻮ ﹶﺑﺔ‬n. pl. -aat difficulty ‫ ﻭﺟﺪﺕ ﻣﻜﺎﻧﺎ ﻟﺴﻴﺎﺭﺗﻰ ﺑﺼﻌﻮﺑﺔ‬..‫— ﺁﺳﻒ ﻟﻠﺘﺄﺧﲑ‬

87 | 2810 |

1290

‫— ﺳﻨﺼﲆ ﻣﻌﺎ ﺑﺈﺫﻥ ﺍﷲ ﰱ ﺍﳌﺴﺠﺪ ﺍﳉﺪﻳﺪ‬

finding a spot for my car

We will pray together, with God’s permission,

95 | 2586 |

1285

‫ ﹶ‬v. I (u) to be long or lengthy; to take ‫ﻃﺎﻝ‬ a while ‫ ﺏ‬for sb ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻬﻰ ﻳﻈﻬﺮ ﺑﲔ ﻭﻗﺖ ﻭﺁﺧﺮ ﻣﻬﲈ ﻃﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻮﻗﺖ ﺑﲔ ﻇﻬﻮﺭﻩ‬

‫ ﺇﹺ ﹾﺫﻥ‬n. permission, authorization; ‫ ﺑﹺﺈﹺ ﹾﺫ ﹺﻥ ﺍﷲ‬God willing

I am sorry for being late...I had difficulty

1284

‫ ﻗﺎ ﹶﺩ‬v. I (u) to lead, guide sb ‫ ﺇﱃ‬to; to drive (a vehicle), pilot (an aircraft)

researcher, scholar

1283

‫ ﹶﺳ ﹾﻴ ﹶﻄ ﹶﺮﺓ‬n. control, dominion ‫ﺇﺫﺍ ﺍﻧﻔﻌﻞ ﻳﻔﻘﺪ ﺻﻮﺍﺑﻪ ﲤﺎﻣﺎ ﻭﻻ ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﻄﺮﺓ ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ — ﺗﴫﻓﺎﺗﻪ‬If he gets emotional, he completely loses his good judgment and he cannot

arrived at the headquarters of the union easily

1282

‫ ﹸﺩ ﹾﺳﺘﹸﻮﺭ‬n. constitution ‫ﻣﺎ ﺃﺭﺍﺩ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻹﺧﻮﺓ ﻫﻮ ﰲ ﺍﳊﻘﻴﻘﺔ ﺧﺮﻭﺝ ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺪﺳﺘﻮﺭ ﺍﻟﻴﻤﻨﻲ‬What the brothers wanted to

in the new mosque 96 | 2552 |

— Bahiy appears from time to time no matter

‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺭﺑﹺﻌﺎﺀ‬n. ‫ ) ﹶﻳ ﹾﻮﻡ( ﺍﻷﹶ ﹾﺭﺑﹺﻌﺎﺀ‬Wednesday ‫— ﻣﻬﺮﺟﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻔﻴﻠﻢ ﺍﻷﻭﺭﻭﰊ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻴﻤﻦ ﻳﺒﺪﺃ ﺍﻷﺭﺑﻌﺎﺀ‬

how long the time between his appearances

The European Film Festival in Yemen opens

98 | 2517 |

on Wednesday

‫ ﹶﺿ ﹺﻌﻴﻒ‬adj. pl. ‫ ﹸﺿ ﹶﻌﻔﺎﺀ‬weak; powerless ‫ ﺍﻟﻀﻌﻴﻒ ﻫﻨﺎ‬..‫ ﻋﺎﻭﺯ ﺃﻭﻋﻴﻚ‬،‫ﺑﺼﻔﺘﻲ ﻗﺪﻳﻢ ﰲ ﻟﻨﺪﻥ‬ ‫ ﻭﻣﺎﺣﺪﺵ ﺑﻴﺴﺘﺤﻤﻞ ﺣﺪ‬..‫ — ﻳﻤﻮﺕ‬In my role as

1291

87 | 2817 |

the weak here die; no one puts up with anyone

‫ ﹶﺃ ﹺﺳﲑ‬n. pl. ￯‫ﴎ‬ ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾ ﹶ‬prisoner, captive ￯‫ﺍﳌﺸﻜﻠﺔ ﰱ ﺍﳌﺜﻘﻔﲔ ﺃﻣﺜﺎﻟﻚ ﺃﳖﻢ ﻳﻌﻴﺸﻮﻥ ﺃﴎ‬ ‫ ﺃﻧﺘﻢ ﻻ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻮﻥ ﺷﻴﺌﺎ ﻋﻦ ﺣﻘﻴﻘﺔ‬..‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺐ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻈﺮﻳﺎﺕ‬ ‫ — ﻣﺎ ﳛﺪﺙ ﰲ ﺑﻼﺩﻛﻢ‬The problem with

98 | 2495 |

educated people like you is that they live as

an old-timer in London, I want to warn you:

1292

126

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

1293

prisoners to books and theories...You don’t

‫ — ﺍﺻﻄﺪﻣﺖ ﺑﺎﻟﺸﺎﻃﺊ ﻭﺭﻛﻨﺖ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬They stopped

know anything about what really happens

rowing and the falucca stopped in the middle

in your country

of the Mahmudiyya Canal, and a light current

87 | 2827 |

carried it until it ran into the bank and stayed

‫ ﹸﲡﺎ ﹶﻩ‬and ‫ ﹺﲡﺎ ﹶﻩ‬prep. towards; facing ‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﺩﻳﻤﻲ ﺣﺴﺎﺳﺎ ﺟﺪﺍ ﻭﺩﻭﻣﺎ ﺃﺣﺲ ﺑﺎﳌﺴﺆﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻜﺒﲑﺓ ﲡﺎﻩ ﺍﺧﻮﺗﻪ‬Dimi was very sensitive

there 86 | 2834 |

and always felt a big responsibility towards his

‫ ﺟﺎ ﹶﺯ‬v. I (u) to be allowed, be possible ‫ ﻝ‬for sb; (Lev.) ‫ﻴﺠﻮﺯ‬ ‫ ﺑﹺ ﹸ‬, ß‫ ﺑﹺ ﹸﺠﻮﺯ‬maybe, perhaps; (as

brothers

modal verb) might, may, could

1299

‫ﻻ ﳚﻮﺯ ﺍﻟﺪﺧﻮﻝ ﺇﱃ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻐﺮﻓﺔ ﺇﻻ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ ﻣﻮﻻﻱ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳌﻠﻚ ﻭﺍﻷﻣﺮﺍﺀ‬No one should enter this

87 | 2800 |

1294

‫ ﹶﺣ ﱠﺲ‬v. I (i,a) to feel, sense ‫ ﺏ‬sth or ‫ ﹶﺃ ﱠﻥ‬that; ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﺱ‬ ‫ ﹼ‬, (Egy.Lev.) ‫ﺣﺎﺳﺲ‬ ..‫ ﻛﺄﳖﺎ ﻻ ﲢﺲ ﺑﻮﺟﻮﺩﻩ‬،‫ ﱂ ﺗﻠﺘﻔﺖ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ‬،‫ﱂ ﺗﺮﺩ‬ ‫ — ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺕ ﺗﻔﺘﺢ ﺍﻷﺩﺭﺍﺝ ﻭﺗﻐﻠﻘﻬﺎ ﺑﻌﻨﻒ‬She

room except His Highness the King and the

a.p.

princes 93 | 2623 |

him, as if she didn’t feel his presence...She

‫ ﹶﻗ ﹸﺒﻮﻝ‬n. reception; acceptance, approval ‫ — ﻳﺴﺘﺤﻴﻞ ﻋﻠﻴﻨﺎ ﻗﺒﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻔﻘﺮ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻷﺑﺪ‬It is

kept on opening drawers and closing them

impossible for us to accept poverty forever

violently

88 | 2760 |

didn’t respond, she didn’t pay any attention to

1300

85 | 2887 |

1295

‫ ﹶﺳ ﹺﻌﻴﺪ‬adj. pl. ‫ ﹸﺳ ﹶﻌﺪﺍﺀ‬happy, content ‫ ﻭﻟﻮ ﺣﺪﺙ‬،‫ﻟﻮ ﻭﺟﺪﺕ ﻣﺎ ﺗﺮﻳﺪﻩ ﺳﺘﻜﻮﻥ ﺳﻌﻴﺪﺓ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻌﻜﺲ ﻓﻠﻦ ﺗﻜﻮﻥ ﳖﺎﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﱂ‬If she finds what

1301

competent

‫ﺍﻟﻘﻤﺮ ﻳﺘﻀﺎﺀﻝ ﻟﻴﻜﻮﻥ ﻫﻼﻻ ﻟﻜﻦ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺿﻮﺅﻩ ﻛﺎﻓﻴﺎ‬ ‫ — ﻟﻠﻨﺎﺱ‬The moon is waning, on its way to

she wants she will be happy, and if the

becoming a crescent, but its light was enough

opposite happens, it won’t be the end of the

for the people

world

96 | 2536 |

99 | 2466 |

1296

‫ ﹺﺣﻜﺎ ﹶﻳﺔ‬n. pl. -aat story, tale, account, narrative ‫ ﻳﻌﺮﻑ ﺣﻜﺎﻳﺔ ﻛﻞ ﺃﻏﻨﻴﺔ ﻭﻣﺘﻰ‬،‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﺧﺒﲑﺍ ﺑﺄﻡ ﻛﻠﺜﻮﻡ‬ ‫ — ﺃﺫﻳﻌﺖ ﻷﻭﻝ ﻣﺮﺓ‬He was an expert on Um

1302

and when it was broadcast for the first time

90 | 2703 |

1303

95 | 2569 |

‫ ﺗ ﹾﹶﺴ ﹺ‬n. registration; recording; ‫ﺠﻴﻞ‬

million pounds

،‫ﻏﺎﺩﺭ ﺍﻟﻘﺒﻮ ﺑﴪﻋﺔ ﻭﻋﺎﺩ ﻭﻫﻮ ﳛﻤﻞ ﺟﻬﺎﺯ ﺗﺴﺠﻴﻞ‬ ‫ — ﺃﺩﺍﺭ ﺃﻏﻨﻴﺔ ﺍﻷﻃﻼﻝ ﻭﺟﻠﺲ ﻳﺴﺘﻤﻊ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ‬He left recorder, he put on the song “The Ruins” and sat listening to it 93 | 2623 |

1298

‫ ﹶﺗ ﹼﻴﺎﺭ‬n. pl. -aat current, stream ‫ﻛﺎﻧﺎ ﻗﺪ ﺗﻮﻗﻔﺎ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺪﻳﻒ ﻭﻭﻗﻔﺖ ﺍﻟﻔﻠﻮﻛﺔ ﻭﺳﻂ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺤﻤﻮﺩﻳﺔ ﻭﲪﻠﻬﺎ ﺗﻴﺎﺭ ﺧﻔﻴﻒ ﻣﻨﺤﺮﻓﺎ ﲠﺎ ﺣﺘﻰ‬

‫ ﹶﺣ ﹾﻔﻞ‬n. ceremony, celebration ‫ﺗﻢ ﺍﻟﺰﻓﺎﻑ ﰱ ﺣﻔﻞ ﺃﺳﻄﻮﺭ￯ ﻛﻠﻒ ﺍﳊﺎﺝ ﻧﻮﻓﻞ ﺭﺑﻊ‬ ‫ — ﻣﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺟﻨﻴﻪ‬The marriage took place in a fabulous party which cost Hajj Nofal a quarter

documentation

the cellar quickly and returned carrying a tape

‫ ﺇﹺﻳﲈﻥ‬n. faith, belief (‫ ﺏ‬in, ‫ ﺑﹺ ﹶﺄ ﱠﻥ‬that) ‫ — ﺍﳊﻴﺎﺓ ﺑﻼ ﺇﻳﲈﻥ ﻳﺎ ﺳﻠﻴﻢ ﺟﺤﻴﻢ ﻻ ﻳﻄﺎﻕ‬Life without faith, Salim, is an unbearable hell

Kalthoum; he knows the story of each song

1297

‫( ﹴ‬def. ‫ﻛﺎﰲ‬ ‫ ) ﹺ‬adj. sufficient, adequate; ‫ﻛﺎﻑ‬

87 | 2793 |

1304

‫ ﻣ ﹺ‬playground; stadium, ‫ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻠ ﹶﻌﺐ‬n. pl. ‫ﻼﻋﺐ‬ ‫ﹶ‬

sports field

‫ﺣﺎﻭﻝ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﳌﺘﻔﺮﺟﲔ ﺍﻟﻨﺰﻭﻝ ﺇﱃ ﺃﺭﺽ ﺍﳌﻠﻌﺐ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺪﺧﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺟﻞ ﻓﻚ ﺍﻟﻨﺰﺍﻉ ﺑﲔ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻳﻘﲔ‬Some of the fans tried to go down onto the playing field and intervene in order to break up the fight between the two teams 89 | 2722 |

Frequency index

1305

1306

‫ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻌﺪﹶ ﻣﺎ‬conj. after ‫ — ﻟﻘﺪ ﺭﺃﻳﺖ ﺍﻟﺸﻤﺲ ﺑﻌﺪﻣﺎ ﺣﺮﻣﺖ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﻗﺮﻭﻧﺎ‬I saw the sun after being denied it for centuries

‫ ﹸﻫﺪﹸ ﻭﺀ‬n. calmness, quiet, peace ‫ﺃﻏﻠﻖ ﺑﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﺸﻘﺔ ﲠﺪﻭﺀ ﻭﺃﻟﻘﻰ ﺑﻨﻔﺴﻪ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻟﴪﻳﺮ‬ ‫ — ﺑﻤﻼﺑﺴﻪ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻣﻠﺔ‬He shut the door of the

87 | 2779 |

apartment quietly and threw himself onto the

‫ ﺫﺍﻛﹺ ﹶﺮﺓ‬n. memory (human and computer) ‫ ﺃﻻ ﻳﻌﺮﻑ ﺃﻧﻨﻲ ﻻ ﺃﳌﺲ‬،‫ﺇﻧﻪ ﳐﻠﻮﻕ ﺿﻌﻴﻒ ﺍﻟﺬﺍﻛﺮﺓ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳋﴬﺍﻭﺍﺕ ﻣﻄﻠﻘﺎ؟‬He is a creature of weak

1312

bed fully dressed 90 | 2677 |

vegetables ever?

‫ ﺗ ﹶﹶﺤ ﱠﻘ ﹶﻖ‬v. V to become reality (dreams); to be ‫ ﻣﻦ‬sth ‫ — ﱂ ﻳﺘﺤﻘﻖ ﻫﺪﻑ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﳑﺎ ﻧﺎﺿﻠﺖ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺟﻠﻪ‬Not a

88 | 2728 |

single one of the goals I struggled for has been

1313

memory, doesn’t he know that I don’t touch

1307

‫ ﻏﺎﺯ‬n. pl. -aat natural gas ‫ﻭﺃﺩﺕ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﺓ ﻣﺒﻴﻌﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻐﺎﺯ ﻭﺍﺭﺗﻔﺎﻉ ﺃﺳﻌﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻂ ﺇﱃ‬ ‫ — ﺩﻓﻊ ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺍﻟﻘﻄﺮﻱ ﺇﱃ ﺃﻋﲆ ﻣﺴﺘﻮﻳﺎﺗﻪ‬The

achieved (peace, goals); to verify

achieved 88 | 2731 |

economy to its highest levels

‫ ﹶﺣ ﹶﻴﻮﺍﻥ‬n. pl. -aat animal, creature ‫ﻓﻜﺮﺕ ﺍﻟﻘﻄﺔ ﺃﻥ ﺗﺬﻫﺐ ﺇﱃ ﺇﻧﺠﻠﱰﺍ ﻷﳖﻢ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ‬ ‫ ﻭﺗﻮﺟﺪ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ‬، ‫ﻳﻌﺎﻣﻠﻮﻥ ﺍﳊﻴﻮﺍﻧﺎﺕ ﻛﺄﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﴎﺓ‬ ‫ — ﻣﺆﺳﺴﺔ ﳊﲈﻳﺔ ﺍﳊﻴﻮﺍﻧﺎﺕ‬The cat thought

93 | 2602 |

about going to England because there they

1314

increase in the sales of gas and the rise in the price of oil have lead to pushing the Qatari

1308

treat animals like members of the family, and

‫ ﹶﺷ ﹾﺮ ﹺﻋ ﹼﻲ‬adj. legitimate, lawful; legislative ‫ﺍﻟﻠﺤﻢ ﰱ ﺍﳌﺤﻼﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﻳﺔ ﻣﺬﺑﻮﺡ ﺑﻄﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﻏﲑ ﴍﻋﻴﺔ‬

there is an establishment to protect animals 96 | 2495 |

— The meat in the regular shops is butchered in a non-Islamic manner

1315

86 | 2785 |

1309

‫ﺣﻜﺖ ﻟﻨﺎ ﺍﳖﺎ ﳌﺎ ﺧﻠﺼﺖ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻮﻳﻪ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻋﺎﻳﺰﺓ ﺗﺪﺧﻞ‬ ‫ — ﻛﻠﻴﺔ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﻭﻭﺍﻟﺪﻫﺎ ﺭﻓﺾ ﻷﳖﺎ ﺑﻌﻴﺪﺓ‬She told us

— What is this loveliness? The most lovely

that when she finished secondary school she

bride I’ve ever seen in my life!

wanted to enter the College of Archeology, and her father refused because it was far away

‫ ﹶﺛ ﱠﻢ‬adv. there (is/are); ‫ ﹺﻣﻦ ﹶﺛ ﱠﻢ‬therefore, because of that, that is why; (Alg.) ‫ ﹶﺛ ﹼﲈ‬and ‫ﺗ ﹼﹶﻤﺎ‬

88 | 2715 | +spo

1316

(adv.) there, over there

‫ ﹸﻣﻨﺎ ﹶﻗ ﹶﺸﺔ‬n. pl. -aat argument, debate ‫ﻻ ﺃﺗﻔﻖ ﻣﻊ ﻣﻨﻄﻖ ﺍﳊﺮﺏ ﻭﻻ ﺑﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳊﻮﺍﺭ ﻭﻣﻨﺎﻗﺸﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺃﻣﻮﺭﻧﺎ ﺍﳌﺼﲑﻳﺔ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺑﺠﺪﻳﺔ‬I don’t agree with

‫ﻣﻦ ﺛﻢ ﻓﻘﺪ ﺭﺃ￯ ﺍﳉﺎﻧﺐ ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻲ ﺍﻻﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﻟﺒﻌﺾ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﻗﺖ ﻗﺒﻞ ﲢﺮﻳﻚ ﺍﳌﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻟﻠﻜﻮﻧﺠﺮﺱ ﺿﲈﻧﺎ‬ ‫ — ﻟﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﻣﻨﺎﺥ ﺳﻴﺎﳼ ﺍﳚﺎﰊ‬Therefore, the

the logic of war, there needs to be a dialog

American side felt it better to wait a while

of ours

before putting the matter before Congress to

83 | 2863 |

and a serious discussion of these crucial affairs

guarantee a positive political climate 80 | 3018 |

1311

‫ ﹶﺧ ﹶﻠ ﹶﺺ‬v. I (u) to conclude ‫ ﺇﱃ ﹶﺃ ﱠﻥ‬that; to arrive ‫ ﺇﱃ‬at (a place, a result); (Dia.) to be finished, be over; to be all gone

‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺣ ﹶﲆ‬elat. sweeter/sweetest !‫ﺃﻳﺶ ﺍﳊﻼﻭﺓ ﻫﺎﺩﻱ؟ ﺃﺣﲆ ﻋﺮﻭﺳﺔ ﺷﻔﺘﻬﺎ ﰲ ﺣﻴﺎﰐ‬

76 | 3150 |

1310

127

1317

‫ ﺗ ﹾﹶﻮ ﹺﺯﻳﻊ‬n. distribution, handing out (‫ﻋﲆ‬ among)

‫ﻱ‬ ‫ ﹶﻣ ﹾﺮﻛ ﹺﹶﺰ ﹼ‬adj. central ‫ﺣﺎﻝ ﻭﺻﻮﻟﻪ ﳏﻄﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﻄﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﳌﺮﻛﺰﻳﺔ ﻗﻄﻊ ﺗﺬﻛﺮﺗﻪ ﰲ‬ ‫ — ﻗﻄﺎﺭ ﺍﳊﺎﺩﻳﺔ ﻋﴩﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﺮﺑﻊ ﻟﻴﻼ‬Immediately

Ministry of Social Affairs distributed eight

after his arrival at the central train station, he

thousand pairs of shoes to the farmers in the

bought his ticket for the 11:15 pm train

villages

80 | 2981 |

87 | 2757 |

‫ﻗﺎﻣﺖ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺸﺌﻮﻥ ﺍﻻﺟﺘﲈﻋﻴﺔ ﺑﺘﻮﺯﻳﻊ ﺛﲈﻧﻴﺔ ﺁﻻﻑ‬ ￯‫ — ﺯﻭﺝ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﺣﺬﻳﺔ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻟﻔﻼﺣﲔ ﺑﺎﻟﻘﺮ‬The

128

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

1318

‫ ﺑﺎﻟﹺﻎ‬adj. extreme, intense, profound;

1324

comment, remark, commentary

serious, critical; a.p. reaching, attaining;

‫— ﺳﻜﺖ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﻞ ﺍﻟﻘﺼﲑ ﻣﻨﺪﻫﺸﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻖ ﺯﻣﻴﻠﻪ‬

n. adult

‫— ﺗﻐﲑ ﻭﺟﻬﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﱰﺣﻴﺐ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩ￯ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻻﻫﺘﲈﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﻟﻎ‬

The short man went quiet, amazed at his

His face changed from normal welcome to

colleague’s comment

extreme interest

96 | 2477 |

88 | 2710 |

1325 1319

‫ﹺ‬ ‫ ﹸﺭ ﹾﺑﻊ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺭﺑﺎﻉ‬quarter, fourth; ‫ﺍﳋﺎﱄ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮ ﹾﺑﻊ‬ ‫ ﹸ‬the Empty Quarter

‫ﺩﺧﻞ ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺭﺑﻊ ﻗﺮﻥ ﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﺍﻋﺘﻘﻞ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ — ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻛﻠﻴﺘﻪ‬He went to prison more than a

myself of my bewilderment and hesitation 83 | 2859 |

from inside the college 98 | 2441 |

1326

‫ ﺗ ﹾﹶﺄ ﹺﻣﲔ‬n. securing, safeguarding, protecting; insuring, insurance

God of the Sea, or were they sea goddesses

They acknowledged his merit in insuring study

themselves?

opportunities for their children

88 | 2681 |

89 | 2673 |

‫ ﹺﺧﻴﺎﺭ‬n. pl. -aat option, choice; selection,

1327

preference

1322

‫ ﹶﻳ ﹺﻤﲔ‬n. right side; fem.n. right hand; fem.n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻳﲈﻥ‬oath ‫ﻻﺣﻈﺖ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﺒﻌﲑ ﱂ ﻳﺮﻉ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﺸﺐ ﺳﻮ￯ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺋﻢ ﻋﲆ‬ ￯‫ ﻓﻌﺮﻓﺖ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻻ ﻳﺮ￯ ﺑﻌﻴﻨﻪ ﺍﻟﻴﴪ‬،‫— ﻳﻤﲔ ﺍﻟﻄﺮﻳﻖ‬

‫ﺑﻌﺪ ﻣﻘﺘﻞ ﺭﺳﻮﻟﻨﺎ ﺯﺍﻳﺪ ﻻ ﺧﻴﺎﺭ ﺃﻣﺎﻣﻨﺎ ﺇﻻ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳊﺮﺏ‬After the killing of our messenger

She noticed that the camel only grazed on

Zayid, there is no other option in front of us

grass on the right side of the road, so she

except war

realized that he couldn’t see out of his left eye

87 | 2724 |

98 | 2397 |

‫ ﹸﻣ ﹶ‬vn. treatment (disease, sick person); ‫ﻌﺎﳉﺔ‬

1328

dealing with (topic, problem, issue); processing (data)

is a circumciser, where would he have gotten the knowledge to treat this kind

94 | 2504 |

1329

of wound?

‫ ﹺﺷﻌﺎﺭ‬n. pl. -aat slogan, motto; emblem, symbol ‫— ﻛﻞ ﻭﺍﴍﺏ ﻭﻻ ﲥﺘﻢ ﻓﻬﺬﺍ ﺧﲑ ﺷﻌﺎﺭ ﰱ ﺍﳊﻴﺎﺓ‬ Eat, drink, and don’t worry; this is the best

82 | 2885 |

‫ ﻧ ﹾﹸﺴﺨﹶ ﺔ‬n. pl. ‫ ﻧ ﹶﹸﺴﺦ‬copy, replica ‫ﺍﳌﺴﺌﻮﻟﻮﻥ ﰱ ﺃﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﺔ ﺃﺭﺳﻠﻮﺍ ﺇﱄ ﻧﺴﺨﺔ ﻛﺎﻣﻠﺔ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ ﺍﻧﺘﺒﻪ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﻷﻧﻪ ﻋﻨﴫ ﻣﺸﺎﻏﺐ‬..‫ — ﻣﻠﻔﻪ‬The

‫ ﹶﺳﻜ ﹶﹶﻦ‬v. I (u) to live, reside, dwell ‫ ﰲ‬at/in; ‫ﹺ‬ a.p. ‫ ﺳﺎﻛﻦ‬residing, living ‫ ﰲ‬at/in ‫ — ﰱ ﺑﻴﺘﻨﺎ ﻳﺴﻜﻦ ﺭﺟﻞ ﻳﻌﻤﻞ ﺑﺎﻟﺴﻜﺔ ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺪ‬A man who works on the railroad lives in our house

‫ﻳﺎ ﺃﻣﻲ ﺃﺑﻮ ﺳﻌﻴﺪ ﺧﺘﺎﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻳﻦ ﻟﻪ ﺍﳌﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﰲ‬ ‫ — ﻣﻌﺎﳉﺔ ﻣﺜﻞ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳉﺮﺡ‬Mother, Abu Saeed

1323

‫ ﺇﹺ ٰﻟﻪ‬n. god, deity; God; ‫ ﻳﺎ ﺇﹺ ﹺﳍ ٰﻲ‬my God! ‫ﻫﻞ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺍﻷﻡ ﻭﺍﺑﻨﺘﻬﺎ ﺍﺑﻨﺘﲔ ﻟﺒﻮﺳﺎﻳﺪﻭﻥ ﺇﻟﻪ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺮ ﺃﻡ‬ ‫ — ﻛﺎﻧﺘﺎ ﺇﳍﺘﲔ ﺑﺤﺮﻳﺘﲔ؟‬Were the mother and her daughter both daughters of Poseidon the

‫— ﺍﻋﱰﻓﻮﺍ ﺑﻔﻀﻠﻪ ﰲ ﺗﺄﻣﲔ ﻓﺮﺹ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺔ ﻷﺑﻨﺎﺋﻬﻢ‬

1321

‫ ﺗ ﹾﹶﺼ ﹺﻤﻴﻢ‬n. determination, perseverance; pl. ‫ ﺗ ﹺ‬design, sketch, plan ‫ﹶﺼﺎﻣﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﻋﺖ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺏ ﺑﻘﻮﺓ ﻭﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﺭﺑﲈ ﻟﻠﺘﺨﻠﺺ ﻣﻦ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻛﻲ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺗﺮﺩﺩﻱ‬I knocked on the door with strength and determination, perhaps to rid

quarter century ago, when he was arrested

1320

‫ ﹶﺗ ﹾﻌﻠﹺﻴﻖ‬vn. commenting; suspending; n. pl. -aat

slogan of life 87 | 2699 |

officials in state security sent me a complete

‫ ﹶﻗ ﹾﺼﺪ‬n. intent, purpose, goal ..‫ ﻗﺼﺪﻱ ﻣﺶ ﺟﺮﺳﻮﻧﺔ‬..‫ﺑﻌﺪﻳﻦ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﻠﺖ ﺟﺮﺳﻮﻧﺔ‬ ‫ — ﻣﺴﺎﻋﺪﺓ ﺟﺮﺳﻮﻧﺔ‬After that I worked as a

copy of his file...Watch out for him because

waitress...I mean not as a waitress, as an

he is a hooligan

assistant waitress

91 | 2601 |

97 | 2419 |

1330

Frequency index

1331

‫ ﺍﹺ ﹾﻧ ﹶﺒﻐﹶﻰ‬v. VII (mostly imperf.) to be necessary ‫ﹶﺃ ﹾ‬ to do sth; to be incumbent ‫ ﻋﲆ‬upon sb ‫ﻥ‬

a miracle? My whole life I’ve only received

‫ ﹶﺃﻛ ﹶﹶﻞ‬v. I (u) to eat sth; to corrode sth; (fig.) to consume, gnaw at sth/sb; (imperat.) ‫ ﻛ ﹾﹸﻞ‬eat! (Lev. ‫ ﻛﻮﻝ‬/kool/); (imperf.) (Dia.) ‫ ﻳﺎﻛﻞ‬/yaakul/, (Lev.) also ‫ ﻳﻮﻛﻞ‬/yookol, yookel/ ‫ﻟﻘﺪ ﺃﻛﻠﺖ ﰱ ﻣﴫ ﻛﻤﻴﺎﺕ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻔﻮﻝ ﺗﻜﻔﻴﻨﻰ ﺇﱃ ﻗﻴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺴﺎﻋﺔ‬In Egypt I ate large quantities of

pain and injustice

beans which should suffice me till Judgment Day

84 | 2779 |

93 | 2486 |

1338

to do sth (he should do sth)

‫ﻫﻞ ﻳﻨﺒﻐﻲ ﺃﻥ ﻧﻨﺘﻈﺮ ﻣﻌﺠﺰﺓ؟ ﱂ ﺍﺣﺼﻞ ﰲ ﺣﻴﺎﰐ ﻛﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ — ﺳﻮ￯ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻷﱂ ﻭﺍﻟﻈﻠﻢ‬Do we need to wait for

1332

‫ ﺍﹺ ﱠﺗ ﹶﻔ ﹶﻖ‬v. VIII to agree (‫ ﻣﻊ‬with sb, ‫ ﻋﲆ‬on/about sth) ‫ — ﺍﺗﻔﻘﻨﺎ ﻳﺎ ﺃﻣﻲ ﻭﺍﻧﺘﻬﻰ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ‬We agreed, my

1339

deals with me in a newspaper or magazine or

97 | 2412 |

‫ ﹺ‬adj. seventh (ordinal) ‫ﺳﺎﺑﻊ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻡ ﻭﺧﺮﺝ ﻣﻦ ﺷﻘﺘﻪ ﻭﺍﺳﺘﻘﻞ ﺍﳌﺼﻌﺪ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻊ‬ — He got up and left his apartment and rode

an Internet forum 97 | 2392 |

1340

the elevator to the seventh floor

1335

‫ﻭﺍﺻ ﹶﻞ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬v. III to continue doing sth ‫ — ﺣﺴﺎﻡ ﳚﺐ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻮﺍﺻﻞ ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻤﻪ ﺃﻭﻻ‬Husam

72 | 3182 |

‫ ﹸﻣﺘ ﹶﹶﻮ ﱠﻗﻊ‬adj. expected, anticipated ‫ — ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺭﺩﺓ ﻓﻌﻠﻪ ﻏﲑ ﻣﺘﻮﻗﻌﺔ‬His reaction was

89 | 2620 |

unexpected

‫ﻑ‬ ‫ ﺍﹺ ﹾﻋ ﹶﱰ ﹶ‬v. VIII to admit, confess ‫( ﺏ‬having

1341

86 | 2676 |

1342

‫ ﺍﹺ ﹾﻟﺘﹺﺰﺍﻡ‬vn. following, adhering to ‫( ﺏ‬rules, laws, plans); n. pl. -aat commitment, obligation

‫ ﺏ‬sth ‫ ﻛﺄﻧﻪ ﻳﻌﱰﻑ ﻣﻦ‬،‫ﺣﻜﻰ ﳍﺎ ﻛﻞ ﳾﺀ ﻋﻦ ﺳﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺭﺍﺀ ﺍﻟﺴﺘﺎﺭ ﻟﻘﺲ ﺭﺣﻴﻢ‬He told her

accept

‫ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﲑ ﻋﲆ ﻣﻨﻬﺞ‬،‫ﻗﺮﺭ ﺍﻻﻟﺘﺰﺍﻡ ﺑﺘﻌﺎﻟﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺍﳊﻨﻴﻒ‬ ‫ — ﺍﷲ ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ ﻭﺗﻌﺎﱃ‬He decided to adhere to the teachings of Islam, and to walk in the path

everything about Sarah, as if he were

of God, may He be exalted

confessing to a merciful priest from behind

86 | 2685 |

a veil 88 | 2636 |



my stomach hurts a lot

must continue his education first

done) sth; to acknowledge, recognize,

1336

‫ ﺁﻩ‬interj. ah!; ouch! ‫ ﺑﻄﻨﻲ ﺑﻴﻮﺟﻌﻨﻲ ﻛﺜﲑ‬..‫ﺁﻩ‬..‫ﰲ ﺑﻄﻨﻲ ﺃﱂ ﺷﺪﻳﺪ ﺟﺪﺍ‬

There is a sharp pain in my stomach...ouch...

97 | 2399 |

1334

‫ ﺟ ﹺ‬newspaper, periodical, journal ‫ ﹶﺟ ﹺﺮﻳﺪﹶ ﺓ‬n. pl. ‫ﺮﺍﺋﺪ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ﻳﻤﺮ ﺃﺳﺒﻮﻉ ﻣﻦ ﺩﻭﻥ ﺃﻥ ﺃﻗﺮﺃ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎ ﻳﺘﻨﺎﻭﻟﻨﻲ ﰲ‬ ‫ — ﺟﺮﻳﺪﺓ ﺃﻭ ﳎﻠﺔ ﺃﻭ ﻣﻨﺘﺪ￯ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻹﻧﱰﻧﺖ‬A week goes by without me reading an article that

mother, and that’s it

1333

129

1343

‫ ﹶﻃ ﹶ‬and ‫ﻮﺍﻝ‬ ‫ ﻃﹺ ﹶ‬throughout, ‫ ﹶﻃﻮﺍﻝ‬and ‫ ﻃﹺﻮﺍﻝ‬n. ‫ﻮﺍﻝ‬ during (the entire)

‫ ﹶﺃ ﱠﺛ ﹶﺮ‬v. II to affect, influence ‫ ﻋﲆ‬sth/sb ‫ﺃﻧﺖ ﺗﻌﻠﻤﲔ ﺟﻴﺪﺍ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻻﻧﻔﻌﺎﻝ ﻳﺆﺛﺮ ﻋﲆ ﺿﻐﻂ ﺍﻟﺪﻡ‬ ‫ ﺃﺭﺟﻮﻙ ﺍﻫﺪﺋﻲ‬،‫ — ﻟﺪﻳﻚ‬You know very well that

‫ﺭﻓﺾ ﺑﺈﴏﺍﺭ ﻃﻮﺍﻝ ﺣﻴﺎﺗﻪ ﺍﻹﻋﺎﺭﺓ ﻟﺪﻭﻝ ﺍﳋﻠﻴﺞ ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ — ﺇﻋﻄﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﻭﺱ ﺍﳋﺼﻮﺻﻴﺔ‬Throughout his life he rejected determinedly being seconded to

being upset affects your blood pressure; I beg

the Gulf or giving private lessons

you to calm down

93 | 2470 |

93 | 2509 |

1337

‫ ﹶﻗ ﹶﺼﺪﹶ‬v. I (i) to intend, mean sth; to pursue sth

‫ ﺃﻧﺎ ﻻ ﺃﻗﺼﺪ ﺍﻹﻫﺎﻧﺔ‬..‫ — ﻻ ﺗﺆﺍﺧﺬﻧﻰ‬Don’t take

1344

‫ ﹸﻣ ﹶﻤ ﱠﻴﺰ‬adj. distinguished, outstanding, prominent; special

‫— ﺗﺴﺘﻤﺘﻊ ﻛﺜﲑﺍ ﺑﻤﻜﺘﺒﺘﻪ ﺍﳌﻤﻴﺰﺓ ﻭﺑﻘﺮﺍﺀﺓ ﺑﻌﺾ ﻛﺘﺒﻬﺎ‬ She really enjoys his distinguished library and

offense...I didn’t mean to insult you

reading some of its books

92 | 2515 |

95 | 2403 |

130

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

1345

1346

‫( ﺑﹺﻴـ‬Dia.) prep. with, by; (with pron.) ‫ ﺑﹺﻴﻪ‬, ß‫ ﺑﹺﻴﻬﺎ‬, ß ‫( ﺑﹺ ﹺ‬Irq.Gul. ‫)ﺑﹺﻴﭻ‬ßß, ‫( ﺑﹺ ﹸﻴﻬﻢ‬Lev. also ‫)ﺑﹺ ﹺﻴﻬﻦ‬ßß, ‫ ﺑﹺﻴﻚ‬, ß‫ﻴﻜﻲ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ ‫( ﺑﻴﻜﹸﻢ‬Lev. also ‫)ﺑﻴﻜﹸﻦ‬ßß, ‫ﺑ ﹼﻴﺎ‬/‫ ﹺﱠﰊ‬, ß‫ﺑﹺﻴﻨﺎ‬ ‫ ﺃﺫﻛﻰ‬..‫ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺟﻞ ﺍﻟﲇ ﺑﺎﺣﻠﻢ ﺑﻴﻪ ﻻﺯﻡ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﺃﻗﻮ￯ ﻣﻨﻲ‬ ‫ — ﻣﻨﻲ‬The man I am dreaming of must be

1352

The first thing he did in Asyut was to go to one of the cheap hotels, take a shower, and

stronger than me, and smarter than me

sleep for a long time, after he shaved his

70 | 3287 | +spo

beard

‫ ﻣ ﹺ‬post, position, office ‫ ﹶﻣﻨ ﹺﹾﺼﺐ‬n. pl. ‫ﻨﺎﺻﺐ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﲈ ﻳﻜﻦ ﻣﻨﺼﺒﻪ ﻓﻠﻴﺲ ﻣﻦ ﺣﻘﻪ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺪﺧﻞ ﺑﻴﺘﻚ ﻭﺃﻧﺖ‬ ‫ — ﻏﺎﺋﺐ‬Whatever his position, he has no right

95 | 2391 |

1353

to enter your house when you are not there 86 | 2663 |

1347

house and he noticed the police officer and

‫ ﺍﹺ ﹾﺛﻨ ﹾﹶﲔ‬n. ‫ ) ﹶﻳ ﹾﻮﻡ( ﺍﻻ ﹾﺛﻨ ﹾﹶﲔ‬Monday ‫ﻗﺎﻟﺖ ﻣﻨﻈﻤﺔ ﺍﻻﻏﺬﻳﺔ ﻭ ﺍﻟﺰﺭﺍﻋﺔ )ﺍﻟﻔﺎﻭ( ﻳﻮﻡ ﺍﻻﺛﻨﲔ‬ ‫— ﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﻴﺠﺮ ﻳﺸﻬﺪ ﺃﺯﻣﺔ ﻏﺬﺍﺋﻴﺔ ﺣﺎﺩﺓ ﺑﺴﺒﺐ ﺍﻟﻘﺤﻂ‬ (FAO) said Monday that Niger was witnessing a severe food crisis because of the drought

his aides in a blue car passing by the area repeatedly 95 | 2383 |

1354

‫ — ﻻ ﺑﺪ ﺃﻥ ﺃﻏﲑ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺴﻜﻦ ﰱ ﺃﻗﺮﺏ ﻓﺮﺻﺔ‬I need

‫ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻌ ﹸﻘﻮﻝ‬adj. reasonable, plausible, logical ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻘﲑ ﺑﺤﺎﺟﺔ ﺇﱃ ﺩﺧﻞ ﻣﻌﻘﻮﻝ ﻭﻗﺪﺭﺓ ﻋﲆ ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻢ ﺃﺑﻨﺎﺋﻪ‬ ‫ — ﻭﻗﺪﺭﺓ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻟﻌﻼﺝ ﻭﺗﺄﻣﲔ ﻟﺸﻴﺨﻮﺧﺘﻪ‬The poor

to change this residence at the earliest

ability to educate his children and an ability to

opportunity 98 | 2307 |

1355

‫— ﻫﺬﻩ ﺧﻄﻮﺓ ﺗﺄﺧﺮﺕ ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﳚﺐ ﺍﲣﺎﺫﻫﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬

96 | 2363 |

This is a step which has been delayed, and it should have been taken a long time ago

‫ ﹶﻣﻄﺎﺭ‬n. pl. -aat airport, airfield ‫ ﻗﻌﺪﻧﺎ ﻋﴩﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﻋﺔ ﰲ ﺍﳌﻄﺎﺭ‬..‫ﻣﺎﻧﻤﻨﺎﺵ ﻣﻦ ﻳﻮﻣﲔ‬ — We haven’t slept for two days...we stayed in the airport for twenty hours

85 | 2652 |

1356

92 | 2466 |

1351

‫ ﺍﹺ ﱢﲣﺎﺫ‬n. taking; adopting, passing (a resolution)

get medical care and insurance for his old age

1350

‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻗ ﹶﺮﺏ‬elat. nearer/nearest, sooner/soonest;

‫ ﹶﺃ ﹺ‬relatives, extended family n. pl. ‫ﻗﺎﺭﺏ‬

92 | 2480 |

person is in need of a reasonable income and an

1349

‫ ﱠ‬that ‫ﻻﺣ ﹶﻆ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬v. III to notice, observe sth or ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ ﻭﻻﺣﻆ ﺿﺎﺑﻂ‬،‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﻓﻮﺍﺯ ﻗﺪ ﻗﴣ ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻡ ﻛﻠﻪ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﴩﻃﺔ ﻭﻣﻌﺎﻭﻧﻴﻪ ﰲ ﺳﻴﺎﺭﺓ ﺯﺭﻗﺎﺀ ﻳﻌﱪﻭﻥ ﺍﳌﻨﻄﻘﺔ ﻣﺮﺍﺭﺍ‬ — Fawaz had spent the whole day in the

The World Food and Agriculture Organization

1348

‫ ﹶﻓ ﹺ‬hotel ‫ ﹸﻓﻨﹾﺪﹸ ﻕ‬n. pl. ‫ﻨﺎﺩﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﺃﻭﻝ ﻣﺎ ﻓﻌﻠﻪ ﰱ ﺃﺳﻴﻮﻁ ﺃﻥ ﺩﺧﻞ ﺃﺣﺪ ﺍﻟﻔﻨﺎﺩﻕ‬ ‫ ﻳﺴﺘﺤﻢ ﻭﻳﻨﺎﻡ ﻃﻮﻳﻼ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺃﻥ ﺣﻠﻖ ﺫﻗﻨﻪ‬،‫— ﺍﻟﺮﺧﻴﺼﺔ‬

‫ ﹶﺛ ﱠﻤ ﹶﺔ‬adv. there (is/are) ‫ﺳﻴﻨﺘﻬﻰ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﺑﺪﻓﻨﻬﺎ ﰱ ﻣﺪﺍﻓﻦ ﺍﻟﺼﺪﻗﺔ ﺇﺫ ﻻ ﻳﺒﺪﻭ ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ — ﺛﻤﺔ ﺃﻫﻼ ﳍﺎ‬The matter will end with her

‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﻱ‬ ‫ ﻓﻜ ﹺﹾﺮ ﹼ‬adj. intellectual, mental ‫ﺍﳌﻌﻮﻝ ﺍﳊﻘﻴﻘﻲ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻟﺘﻄﻮﺭ ﻫﻲ ﺍﳊﺮﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻜﺮﻳﺔ ﰲ ﻇﻞ ﻣﻨﺎﺥ ﻳﺘﺴﻢ ﺑﺎﻟﻌﺪﺍﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻫﻲ ﺃﺳﺎﺱ‬ ‫ — ﻟﻜﻞ ﺗﻘﺪﻡ‬The true sustainer of development is scientific and intellectual freedom under the auspices of a climate

being buried in the paupers’ graveyard, since

characterized by justice which is the basis

she doesn’t appear to have any family

of all advancement

85 | 2675 |

90 | 2512 |

‫ ﹸﻣ ﹾﺸ ﹶﹺﱰﻙ‬n. participant; subscriber; adj. participating; subscribing

￯‫ﺃﺟﺮﻳﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﻭﺭﺍﺕ ﻣﺸﱰﻛﺔ ﺑﲔ ﺍﳉﻴﺶ ﺍﳌﴫ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺍﻟﱪﻳﻄﺎﻧﻰ ﰱ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺮﺍﺀ ﺍﻟﻐﺮﺑﻴﺔ‬Joint

1357

‫ ﹶﻓ ﹺﻘﲑ‬adj. poor; destitute; n. poor (person), pauper

‫ﺍﻟﻐﻨﻲ ﳛﺘﻘﺮ ﺍﻟﻔﻘﲑ ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻘﲑ ﳛﻘﺪ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻟﻐﻨﻲ ﻭﺍﺑﻨﺎﺀ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﻮﺳﻄﻰ ﺍﺧﺘﻔﻮﺍ‬The rich despise the

maneuvers were held between the Egyptian

poor, and the poor hate the rich, and the sons

army and the British in the Western Desert

of the middle class have disappeared

94 | 2426 |

94 | 2413 |

Frequency index

1358

1359

‫ ﹸﺑ ﹾﻌﺪ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺑﻌﺎﺩ‬dimension; distance ‫— ﺑﺪﺃﺕ ﺣﻜﺎﻳﺘﻲ ﻣﻌﻬﺎ ﺗﺄﺧﺬ ﺑﻌﺪﺍ ﺇﻧﺴﺎﻧﻴﺎ ﻟﻄﻴﻔﺎ‬

131

My story with her began to take on a nice,

‫ ﹶﻧ ﱠﻈ ﹶﻢ‬v. II to organize, arrange; regulate ‫ﻧﺨﺘﺎﺭ ﻣﻦ ﺑﻴﻨﻨﺎ ﺭﺋﻴﺴﺎ ﳉﻠﺴﺘﻨﺎ ﻳﻨﻈﻢ ﺍﺟﺘﲈﻋﻨﺎ ﻭﻳﺘﻮﱃ‬ ‫ — ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ ﺍﳊﻮﺍﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻘﺎﺵ‬We choose from among

humanistic dimension

us a president of our session who organizes

90 | 2504 |

our meeting and takes the responsibility for

1360

directing the discussion

‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺻﺪﹶ ﹶﺭ‬v. IV to publish (book), release (film); to

85 | 2666 |

issue (decree, ruling, decision); to pass (sentence); to emit (sound)

‫ﺃﺻﺪﺭﺕ ﺃﻣﺮﺍ ﺑﺘﻐﻴﲑ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﺔ ﺍﳌﺘﺒﻌﺔ ﰲ ﺍﳌﻌﺘﻘﻞ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺍﻟﺴﲈﺡ ﻟﻠﻤﻌﺘﻘﻠﲔ ﺑﻤﻘﺎﺑﻠﺔ ﺃﻗﺮﺑﺎﺋﻬﻢ‬It issued an

1361

‫ ﹺﺿ ﱠﻔﺔ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹺﺿﻔﺎﻑ‬bank, shore; ‫ﺍﻟﻀﻔﺔ ﺍﻟﻐ ﹾﹶﺮﺑﹺ ﱠﻴﺔ‬

the West Bank

order to change the policy followed in the

￯‫ﺗﺮﻛﺐ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺭﺏ ﻭﺣﻴﺪﺓ ﻗﺎﻃﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺮ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻀﻔﺔ ﺍﻷﺧﺮ‬ ‫ — ﺣﻴﺚ ﺍﴎﲥﺎ‬She is riding the boat alone,

prison, and to allow the prisoners to meet

crossing the river to the other side where her

their relatives

family is

91 | 2481 |

72 | 3130 |

18 Communication 15 187 224 266 312 325 396 418 426 453 457 605 676 772 774 858 920 926 1110 1117 1168 1224 1335 1616 1671 1764 1894 1918

‫ﻗﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺃﻛﹼﺪ‬ ‫ﺣﻜﻰ‬ ‫ﺫﻛﺮ‬ ‫ﺃﺷﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﺄﻝ‬ ‫ﺭ ﹼﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﻋﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻠﻦ‬ ‫ﲢﺪﹼ ﺙ‬ ‫ﻃﻠﺐ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺿﺢ‬ ‫ﺑﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻒ‬ ‫ﻃﺎﻟﺐ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﻞ‬ ‫ﺷﻜﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﻜ ﹼﻠﻢ‬ ‫ﺃﺟﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﻓﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﱪ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﱰﻑ‬ ‫ﹼﺑﲔ‬ ‫ﴏﺡ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺗﺴﺎﺀﻝ‬ ‫ﴏﺥ‬ ‫ﺭ ﹼﺩﺩ‬

to say

1923

to confirm

1994

to tell, talk

2018

to mention

2025

to indicate

2091

to ask

2092

to answer

2096

to call on to announce

2101

to speak

2107

to request

2205

to clarify

2301

to discuss (also

2413

search, research)

2425

to reveal

2426

to demand

2654

to transmit;

2682

quote

2683

to thank

2703

to speak

2725

to answer

2816

to report, state

2823

to express

2980

to offer

2986

to admit

3003

to clarify

3020

to declare

3032

to wonder

3131

to shout

3170

to repeat

3172

￯‫ﻧﺎﺩ‬ ￯‫ﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﺮﺏ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺣﺬﺭ‬ ￯‫ﺃﺑﺪ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻗﺶ‬ ‫ﻋ ﹼﻠﻖ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﻰ‬ ‫ﺍ ﹼﺩﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻣﺮ‬ ‫ﺻﺪﻕ‬ ‫ﺃﺷﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﴏ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﱰﺡ‬ ‫ﻭﺿﺢ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﺪ‬ ‫ﺃﺧﱪ‬ ‫ﴍﺡ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺪﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﻄﻖ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺡ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﺬﺭ‬ ‫ﻛ ﹼﻠﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﱰﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺪ‬ ‫ﺷﺠﻊ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺃﻧﻜﺮ‬ ‫ﻓﴪ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺷﻜﺎ‬

to call

3249

to narrate

3261

to express

3321

to warn

3461

to show

3506

to debate

3575

to comment

3610

on

3894

to deny

4058

to claim

4239

to order

4544

to be sincere

4589

to praise

4631

to insist on

4650

to suggest

4668

to clarify

4686

to promise

5168

to inform

5426

to explain

5427

to summon

5641

to speak

5671

to scream

5674

to apologize for

5938

to speak with

5984

to object

6090

to criticize to encourage

6182

to deny

6869

to explain

7121

to complain

7368

‫ﺣﺪﹼ ﺙ‬ ‫ﺯﻋﻢ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺣﺚ‬ ‫ﳘﺲ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﺼﺢ‬ ‫ﺃﺑﻠﻎ‬ ‫ﺧﱪ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﹼﻧﻮﻩ‬ ‫ﻧﻢ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻃﺐ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﲪﺪ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﱃ‬ ‫ﻋ ﹼﻴﻂ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﴅ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﻫﺘﻒ‬ ‫ﻣﺰﺡ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﻫﺪﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻛﺬﺏ‬ ‫ﻋ ﹼﻘﺐ‬ ‫ﺗﻠﻔﻦ‬ ‫ﻓﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺩﺵ‬ ‫ﺳﻘﺴﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﴪ‬ ‫ﹼ‬

to speak to to claim to urge to whisper to condemn to advise to inform to tell to point out to slander to address to complain to praise to express to scream to advise to respond to to shout, cheer to joke to phone to talk to implore to deny to criticize to call (on phone) to explain to chat to ask to chat

132

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

1362

‫ ﺍﹺ ﹾﻋﺘﹺﲈﺩ‬vn. reliance, dependence ‫ ﻋﲆ‬on;

1369

recognition (of )

‫— ﱂ ﺗﻜﻦ ﺛﻤﺔ ﺭﻭﺍﻳﺔ ﻣﺆﻛﺪﺓ ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﻻﻋﺘﲈﺩ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬

1363

‫( ﻋﺎﺩ‬Lev.Gul.) adv. so, then, therefore; (Irq.) adv. already, now; conj. but, even though

There was not a reliable account that could be

‫ﻣﺸﻜﻮﺭﺓ ﻋﲆ ﻣﺮﻭﺭﻙ ﺍﻟﻄﻴﺐ ﺍﺧﺘﻲ ﻭﻻ ﺗﻨﺴﻴﻨﻲ ﻋﺎﺩ‬

depended on

—Thanks for your nice visit (to the forum),

85 | 2642 |

sister, and don’t you forget me now

‫ﹺ‬ ‫ ﹶﺣ ﹶﺠﺮ‬n. pl. ‫ﺠﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ ﺣ ﹶ‬stone ‫— ﺍﻹﻳﻄﺎﻟﻴﻮﻥ ﻋﲆ ﻣﺮﻣﻰ ﺣﺠﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻹﺳﻜﻨﺪﺭﻳﺔ‬

85 | 2621 |

Alexandria

‫ﺮﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ ﹶﺣ ﹶ‬n. temperature, heat; fever; passion ‫ﺃﻟﻴﺲ ﻏﺮﻳﺒﺎ ﺃﻥ ﺗﺪﺍﻓﻊ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ ﲠﺬﻩ ﺍﳊﺮﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺃﻧﺖ ﺳﻜﺮﺍﻥ؟‬Isn’t it strange for you to

96 | 2350 |

defend Islam with such passion while you are

1370

The Italians were a stone’s throw from

drunk? 1364

‫ ﺷـ‬/sh-/ interrog. (prefix, mostly Irq.; ‫ﹶﺷ ﹾ‬ shortened form of ‫ ) ﹸﺷﻮ‬what; ‫ﺒﺎﺭﻙ؟‬ ‫ﺎﺧ ﹶ‬

what’s new with you?

97 | 2295 |

1371

‫ — ﻫﻼ ﻫﻼ ﻭﺷﻮ ﺃﺧﺒﺎﺭﻙ ﺍﻧﺖ‬Hello, hello. So, what’s new with you? 54 | 4173 | +spo

1365

and first Gulf states which absorbed a lot of

‫ ﹶﻗ ﹶﻠﻖ‬n. unrest, unease; concern, anxiety ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻋﻤﻠﻮﺍ ﻣﻌﻪ ﻳﻌﺮﻓﻮﻥ ﺟﻴﺪﺍ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﻖ‬ ‫ ﻛﺎﳌﻤﺜﻠﲔ ﻗﺒﻞ‬،‫ﺍﻟﺬ￯ ﻳﻨﺘﺎﺑﻪ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﳌﺤﺎﴐﺓ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺽ‬Those who worked with him know very well this worry which overcomes him before a lecture, like actors before

young men and gave them various work opportunities 83 | 2680 |

1372

89 | 2521 |

‫ ﻻ ﺗﻨﻈﺮ ﺧﻠﻔﻚ ﻭﻻ ﺗﺘﺤﺪﺙ ﻣﻊ‬..‫ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮ ﰱ ﺍﻟﺴﲑ‬ ‫ — ﺃﺣﺪ‬Keep walking...don’t look behind you

‫ ﹶﻣ ﹺﺴ ﹶﲑﺓ‬n. march, parade; movement, course ‫ﻭﺍﺻﻞ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺍﻟﺪﺑﻠﻮﻣﺎﳼ ﻣﺴﲑﺗﻪ ﻭﺭﺍﺀ ﺃﺳﺘﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﴪﻳﺔ‬

97 | 2295 |

— The diplomatic work went on behind secret curtains

and don’t speak with anyone

1373

‫ﻋﹶﻦ ﹶﻇ ﹾﻬ ﹺﺮ ﹶﻗ ﹾﻠ ﹴ‬ ‫ ﹶﻇ ﹾﻬﺮ‬n. back; rear; deck (ship); ‫ﺐ‬ by heart

84 | 2668 |

1367

‫ ﹶﺳ ﹾﻴﺮ‬n. course, motion, march; going, walking

a presentation

1366

‫ ﹶﺧﻠﹺ ﹺ‬adj. of or relating to the Persian Gulf ‫ﻴﺠ ﹼﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﳋ ﹺﻠﻴﺞ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻌ ﹶﺮ ﹼ ﹺ‬ ‫) ﹶ‬ (‫ﰊ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺍﻟﻜﻮﻳﺖ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻛﱪ ﻭﺃﻭﻝ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻝ ﺍﳋﻠﻴﺠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺍﺳﺘﻮﻋﺒﺖ ﺍﻟﻜﺜﲑ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﺎﺏ ﻭﻣﻨﺤﺘﻬﻢ ﻓﺮﺹ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺍﳌﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬Kuwait was one of the biggest

‫— ﺃﺳﻨﺪ ﻇﻬﺮﻩ ﺇﱃ ﺍﳌﻘﻌﺪ ﻭﺗﻄﻠﻊ ﺑﻌﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﺄﻧﻪ ﻳﺘﺬﻛﺮ‬ He leaned his back against the chair and

‫ ﺍﹺﺯﹾﺩﺍ ﹶﺩ‬v. VIII to grow, increase, rise ￯‫ﺍﺯﺩﺍﺩﺕ ﺣﻮﺍﺩﺙ ﺍﻟﴪﻗﺔ ﺑﺴﺒﺐ ﺍﻟﻈﻼﻡ ﺍﻟﺬ‬ ‫ — ﺷﻤﻞ ﺍﻟﺒﻼﺩ‬Robberies increased because

looked out into the distance as if he was remembering 99 | 2238 |

of the darkness which enveloped the country 89 | 2508 |

1368

‫ ﻫﺎ ﹼﻡ‬adj. important, significant ‫ﻟﺪﻳﻪ ﺃﺳﺌﻠﺔ ﻫﺎﻣﺔ ﺣﻮﻝ ﻣﻌﻨﻰ ﺍﳊﻴﺎﺓ ﻭﺍﳌﻮﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻌﺚ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺍﻟﻮﺟﻮﺩ‬He has important questions about

1374

‫ﻑ‬ ‫ ﹶﻫﺪﹶ ﹶ‬v. I (i) to target, aim at ‫ ﺇﱃ‬sth; to be intended, be designated ‫ ﺇﱃ‬for sth (as a goal) ‫ﺇﻥ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻹﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﺭﻣﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻨﺎﻝ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﳊﺮﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ ﲥﺪﻑ ﺑﺎﻷﺳﺎﺱ ﺇﱃ ﺯﺭﻉ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳋﻮﻑ ﰲ ﻧﻔﻮﺱ ﺍﳌﻮﺍﻃﻨﲔ‬These harsh measures which undermine civil liberties

the meaning of life and death and resurrection

are intended primarily to instill fear in the

and existence

hearts of the citizens

85 | 2606 |

83 | 2690 |

Frequency index

1375

1376

‫ ﹸﻣ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻌﺪﱢ ﺩ‬adj. diverse, numerous, multi-, poly‫ﻫﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺍﲡﺎﻫﺎﺕ ﺛﻘﺎﻓﻴﺔ ﻭﺩﻳﻨﻴﺔ ﻭﻋﺮﻗﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﺟﺘﲈﻋﻴﺔ ﻣﺘﻌﺪﺩﺓ‬

1382

n. pl. -aat duty, obligation, requirement

‫ — ﺃﻟﻴﺲ ﻣﻦ ﻭﺍﺟﺐ ﺍﻟﺰﻭﺟﺔ ﻣﺴﺎﻧﺪﺓ ﺯﻭﺟﻬﺎ؟‬Isn’t it

ethnic, and social orientations

the wife’s responsibility to support her husband?

86 | 2569 |

96 | 2295 |

night I lay with my eyes wide open searching

‫ ﺍﹺ ﹾﻗ ﹶﱰ ﹶﺏ‬v. VIII to get close ‫ ﻣﻦ‬to sth, approach ‫ ﻣﻦ‬sth ‫ ﻋﲆ ﺃﻓﻀﻞ ﺗﻘﺪﻳﺮ ﻗﺪ ﺃﻋﻴﺶ‬،‫ﺣﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﺗﻘﱰﺏ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺎﻳﺔ‬ ‫ — ﻋﴩﺓ ﺃﻋﻮﺍﻡ‬My life is nearing an end, the

my mind to find an escape for my poor

best estimate is that I could live ten years

soldiers from this trial

89 | 2475 | +lit

‫ ﺇﹺﳚﺎﺩ‬n. discovery, finding ‫ﰱ ﺍﻟﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﺳﺘﻠﻘﻰ ﻣﻔﺘﻮﺡ ﺍﻟﻌﻴﻨﲔ ﳎﻬﺪﺍ ﻋﻘﲆ ﰱ ﺳﺒﻴﻞ‬ ‫ — ﺇﳚﺎﺩ ﳐﺮﺝ ﳉﻨﻮﺩ￯ ﺍﳌﺴﺎﻛﲔ ﻣﻦ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳌﺤﻨﺔ‬At

1383

‫ ﹶﻓ ﹾﺼﻞ‬vn. detaching, separating; firing, laying

1384

‫ ﻭﻟﻜﻦ ﻫﻞ‬،‫ﺇﻧﻪ ﳛﺒﻬﺎ ﻭﻳﻔﺘﻘﺪﻫﺎ ﺑﺸﺪﺓ ﻃﻮﺍﻝ ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺎﺭ‬ ‫ — ﻳﻌﻨﻰ ﻛﻞ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺃﻧﻪ ﺳﻴﺘﺰﻭﺟﻬﺎ؟‬He loves her

decision (‫ ﰲ ﻗﻀﻴﺔ‬in a case)

‫ﺩﻋﻢ ﺍﳌﺴﺎﻋﻲ ﺍﻟﻜﻨﺪﻳﺔ ﻹﺭﺳﺎﻝ ﻗﻮﺍﺕ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﻣﻢ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳌﺘﺤﺪﺓ ﻟﻠﻔﺼﻞ ﺑﲔ ﺍﻟﻄﺮﻓﲔ‬He supported the

and misses her greatly throughout the day, but does all this mean that he will marry her?

Canadian efforts to send United Nations

95 | 2302 |

troops to separate the two sides 97 | 2297 |

1385

‫ ﺃﻟﻮ‬/’aloo/ (Dia.) interj. hello! (also ‫ ﺁﻟﻮ‬/’aaloo/, ‫ ﻫﺎﻟﻮ‬/haaloo, haalaw/, and ‫ ﻫﻠﻮ‬/haloo, halaw/) ‫ — ﺍﻟﻮ ﻧﻌﻢ ﻋﻴﻨﻲ ﺗﻔﻀﻞ ﺍﻟﻮ‬Hello, yes, with

1379

up stairs is beneficial for the heart 95 | 2312 |

1386

‫ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻔﻮ‬n. pardon, amnesty; ‫ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻔﻮ ﹰﺍ‬and ‫ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻌﻔﻮ‬excuse me!; (response to ‫ ) ﹸﺷﻜﹾﺮ ﹰﺍ‬you’re welcome! ￯‫ ﻧﺴﻴﺖ ﻭﺍﷲ ﺃﻋﻄﻨﻲ ﻓﺮﺻﺔ ﺃﺧﺮ‬..‫— ﻋﻔﻮﺍ ﻳﺎ ﻣﻮﻻﻱ‬

her only daughter 85 | 2593 |

another chance

1380

1387

‫ ﹶﺭ ﹶﺳ ﹶﻢ‬v. I (u) to draw, sketch (picture); to

outline, describe sth; to design, plan sth;

‫ ﹺ‬adj. cold, frigid; (food) dull, flat, bland ‫ﺑﺎﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻗﺪ ﺃﺣﺲ ﺑﺎﻧﺘﻌﺎﺵ ﺭﺍﺋﻊ ﻭﻫﻮ ﻳﻠﻘﻰ ﺑﺠﺴﺪﻩ ﰱ ﺍﳌﻴﺎﻩ‬ ‫ ﻭﻇﻞ ﻳﺴﺒﺢ ﻣﺎ ﻳﻘﺮﺏ ﻣﻦ ﺳﺎﻋﺔ‬،‫ — ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺭﺩﺓ‬He felt

to chart (a course)

‫ﺃﻋﺎﺩ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﺷﺘﺎﺕ ﺫﺍﺗﻪ ﻭﺭﺳﻢ ﻋﲆ ﺷﻔﺘﻴﻪ ﺍﺑﺘﺴﺎﻣﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺻﻔﺮﺍﺀ ﺑﺎﻫﺘﺔ‬He put the shattered pieces of

wonderfully refreshed as he threw his body

his self back together, and painted a pale

into the cold water, and he went on swimming

yellow smile on his face

for about an hour

89 | 2458 |

98 | 2270 |

1381

‫ ﺍﹺ ﹾﺑﻨﹶﺔ‬n. daughter (pl. ‫ ﹶﺑﻨﺎﺕ‬, cf. ‫)ﺑﹺﻨﹾﺖ‬ ‫ﺇﳖﺎ ﺗﻌﻴﺶ ﻭﺣﺪﻫﺎ ﺑﻌﺪ ﻭﻓﺎﺓ ﺯﻭﺟﻬﺎ ﻭﺯﻭﺍﺝ ﺍﺑﻨﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻮﺣﻴﺪﺓ‬She has been living by herself since the death of her husband and the marriage of

Excuse me, sir...By God I forgot, please give me 93 | 2388 |

‫ ﹸﻣ ﹺﻔﻴﺪ‬adj. useful, beneficial ‫— ﺍﻟﻄﺐ ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺚ ﻳﻘﺮﺭ ﺃﻥ ﺻﻌﻮﺩ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻢ ﻣﻔﻴﺪ ﻟﻠﻘﻠﺐ‬ Modern medicine has established that walking

pleasure, go ahead, hello 9 | 23028 |

‫ ﹺﺷﺪﱠ ﺓ‬n. intensity, forcefulness; ‫ ﺑﹺ ﹺﺸﺪﱠ ﺓ‬strongly, forcefully

off; rendering a judgment, reaching a

1378

‫ ﹺ‬adj. necesssary, obligatory (‫ ﻋﲆ‬for); ‫ﻭﺍﺟﺐ‬

— They are from numerous cultural, religious,

84 | 2646 |

1377

133

‫ ﹶ ﹶﲢ ﱠﺮ ﹶﻙ‬v. V to move, get moving ‫ﻇﻞ ﻭﺍﻗﻔﺎ ﰱ ﻣﻜﺎﻧﻪ ﻭﻧﻈﺮ ﺇﱃ ﺃﻋﲆ ﻭﻛﺄﻧﻪ ﻳﺮﻗﺐ ﺷﻴﺌﺎ‬ ‫ — ﻳﺘﺤﺮﻙ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻟﺴﻘﻒ‬He stayed standing in his

1388

‫ ﹶﻓ ﹾﻬﻢ‬n. understanding, comprehension ‫ﺍﺭﺗﺒﻚ ﻃﺎﺭﻕ ﻭﺗﺸﺘﺖ ﺫﻫﻨﻪ ﲤﺎﻣﺎ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺇﻧﻪ ﻓﺸﻞ ﰱ ﻓﻬﻢ‬ ‫ — ﺩﺭﺱ ﺍﻟﻜﻴﻤﻴﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻌﻀﻮﻳﺔ ﺍﳉﺪﻳﺪ‬Tariq was bewildered and his mind was so completely

place, and looked up as if he were watching

scattered that he failed to understand the new

something moving on the ceiling

Organic Chemistry lesson

99 | 2245 |

93 | 2363 |

134

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

1389

‫ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻌﻨ ﹺ ﹼﻲ‬adj. concerned, affected; interested ‫ﺏ‬ in, concerned ‫ ﺏ‬with ‫— ﻫﺰﺕ ﺳﻼﻑ ﺭﺃﺳﻬﺎ ﻭﻛﺄﳖﺎ ﻏﲑ ﻣﻌﻨﻴﺔ ﺑﲈ ﻗﺎﻟﺘﻪ ﺃﻣﻬﺎ‬

1395

— She believed that the dead live with us but

Salaf shook her head as if she was not

we don’t see them

concerned about what her mother had said

99 | 2199 |

82 | 2653 |

1390

1391

‫( ﺷﻨﻮ‬Gul.Irq.) /shinu/, (Magh.) /shnu/ interrog.

1396

valley

‫ ﺗﻌﻠﻤﺖ ﺍﺷﻴﺎﺀ‬..‫ﻭﺍﷲ ﻣﺎ ﺍﻋﺮﻑ ﺷﻨﻮ ﺍﻗﻮﻝ ﺑﺎﻟﻀﺒﻂ‬ ‫ — ﻛﺜﲑﺓ ﻻ ﺍﺳﺘﻄﻴﻊ ﺣﴫﻫﺎ‬I don’t know what to

‫ﺍﳌﺴﺎﻓﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﺩﻱ ﺇﱃ ﻗﻤﺔ ﺍﳉﺒﻞ ﺻﻌﻮﺩﺍ ﺗﺴﺎﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺒﺎ ﺍﳌﺴﺎﻓﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻗﻤﺔ ﺍﳉﺒﻞ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﺩﻱ ﻭﺭﺍﺀ ﻫﺬﺍ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳉﺒﻞ ﻫﺒﻮﻃﺎ‬The distance from the valley

say exactly...I learned many things which I

to the top of the mountain going up is

cannot enumerate

approximately equal to the distance from the

37 | 5836 | +spo

top of the mountain to the valley behind

‫ ﹶﺟﻮﺍﺏ‬n. answer, response; (Egy.) pl. -aat

96 | 2276 |

‫ﺳﺄﻟﻪ ﻋﻦ ﻣﻨﺰﻝ ﻣﻌﻠﻢ ﺍﳌﺪﺭﺳﺔ ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﳉﻮﺍﺏ ﺃﻧﻪ ﳎﺎﻭﺭ‬ ‫ — ﳌﻨﺰﻝ ﺍﳌﺨﺘﺎﺭ‬He asked him about the house

the mountain going down

1397

it was next to the house of the mayor

‫ﺃﺟﺮ￯ ﳍﺎ ﻋﺪﺓ ﺑﺮﻭﻓﺎﺕ ﺣﺘﻰ ﻓﻬﻤﺖ ﺩﻭﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺃﺗﻘﻨﺘﻪ‬He conducted a number of

96 | 2264 |

rehearsals for her until she understood her role and got good at it

‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺩﻕ‬ adj. truthful, veracious ‫ ﺇﳖﺎ ﺳﻌﻴﺪﺓ ﺑﲈ ﺣﺪﺙ‬،‫— ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻷﺳﻒ ﻟﻴﺲ ﺻﺎﺩﻗﺎ‬ This sorrow is not sincere, she is happy with

87 | 2485 |

1398

what happened 97 | 2243 |

‫ﻣﺎﺭ ﹶﺱ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬v. III to practice, pursue (profession,

93 | 2334 |

carry out (policy); to exert (pressure)

‫ﳌﺎﺫﺍ ﲤﺎﺭﺱ ﺍﻟﴪﻗﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺨﺮﻳﺐ ﻃﺎﳌﺎ ﺃﻧﻚ ﲣﺸﻰ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻌﻮﺍﻗﺐ؟‬Why do you practice thievery

1399

‫ﹶﹺ‬ ‫ ﺇﹺﻟﹺﻜ ﹸﹾﱰﻭﻧﹺ ﹼﻲ‬adj. electronic; ‫ﻭﲏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﱪﻳﺪ ﺍﻹﻟﹺﻜ ﹸﹾﱰ ﹼ‬ email

‫ﻫﺬﻩ ﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ ﻣﻔﺘﻮﺣﺔ ﻟﻠﺮﺩ ﻋﲆ ﺃﻱ ﺗﺴﺎﺅﻝ ﳜﻄﺮ ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ ﺍﺭﺳﻞ ﺳﺆﺍﻟﻚ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻟﱪﻳﺪ‬،‫ﺑﺎﻟﻚ ﻭﺗﺮﻳﺪ ﻟﻪ ﺇﺟﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻻﻟﻜﱰﻭﲏ ﻟﻠﺼﻔﺤﺔ‬This is an open window

and sabotage (even) while you fear the consequences? 95 | 2298 |

to respond to any question that might occur

‫ ﹶﻭﻟﹺ ﹼﻲ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭﻟﹺﻴﺎﺀ‬patron, protector; ‫ﹶﻭ ﹼﹺﱄ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻌ ﹾﻬﺪ‬ ‫ ﹶﻭﻟﹺ ﹼﻲ ﹶ‬pl. ‫ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭﻟﹺﻴﺎﺀ ﹸﺍﻷ ﹸﻣﻮﺭ‬ heir, crown prince; ‫ﺍﻷ ﹾﻣﺮ‬

to you and for which you want an answer; send your question by email to the page

legal guardian, parent

‫ﻏﺎﻟﺒﻴﺔ ﺍﻷﴎ ﺗﻌﺎﲏ ﻗﻬﺮﺍ ﺍﺟﺘﲈﻋﻴﺎ ﻭﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻳﺎ ﺑﻞ ﻭﻫﻨﺎﻙ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﺃﻭﻟﻴﺎﺀ ﺍﻷﻣﻮﺭ ﻣﻦ ﻳﻨﺘﺤﺮﻭﻥ ﻷﳖﻢ ﻻ ﳚﺪﻭﻥ ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ — ﻳﻨﻔﻘﻮﻧﻪ ﻋﲇ ﺃﺑﻨﺎﺋﻬﻢ‬Most families suffer from

‫ ﻏﺎﻟﹺﺐ‬n. winner, victor; majority, most of; ‫ ﻏﺎﻟﹺﺒ ﹰﺎ‬mostly, largely ‫ﺇﳖﻢ ﰱ ﺍﻟﻐﺎﻟﺐ ﻳﻔﻬﻤﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﻋﲆ ﺃﻧﻪ ﺻﻼﺓ ﻭﺻﻮﻡ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺣﺠﺎﺏ‬Mostly they understand religion as prayer, fasting and head scarf

hobby); to practice, play (sport); to exercise,

1394

￯‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺟ ﹶﺮ‬v. IV to conduct, carry out,

perform sth

of the school teacher and the answer was that

1393

‫( ﹴ‬def. ‫ﻭﺍﺩﻱ‬ ‫ ) ﹺ‬n. wadi (dry riverbed), ‫ﻭﺍﺩ‬

what

letter

1392

‫ ﹶﻣ ﱢﻴﺖ‬n./adj. pl. ‫ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻮﺗﹶﻰ‬, ß‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻣﻮﺍﺕ‬dead, deceased ‫ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺗﺆﻣﻦ ﺑﺄﻥ ﺍﳌﻮﺗﻰ ﻳﻌﻴﺸﻮﻥ ﻣﻌﻨﺎ ﻟﻜﻨﻨﺎ ﻻ ﻧﺮﺍﻫﻢ‬

82 | 2644 |

1400

‫ ﹶﺗﻌﻠﹺ ﹺ‬adj. educational, instructional, ‫ﻴﻤ ﹼﻲ‬ ‫ﹾ‬ pedagogical

are legal guardians (parents) who commit

‫ ﻏﲑ ﺃﻥ ﺟﻬﻮﺩﻧﺎ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻤﻴﺔ‬،‫ﺭﺣﺖ ﺃﴍﺡ ﺃﺻﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻌﺒﺔ‬ ‫ — ﻓﺸﻠﺖ ﻓﺸﻼ ﺫﺭﻳﻌﺎ‬I started to explain the

social and economic hardship; in fact, there suicide because they can’t find enough money

rules of the game, but our educational efforts

to cover their children’s expenses

failed completely

92 | 2362 |

90 | 2404 |

Frequency index

1401

‫ﻘﺎﺭﻧﹶﺔ‬ ‫ ﹸﻣ ﹶ‬n. comparison ‫ﻫﻞ ﺗﻮﺻﻠﺘﻢ ﺍﱃ ﻗﺮﺍﺀﺓ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﺔ ﳋﺮﻳﻄﺔ ﺍﳌﻌﺪﻻﺕ ﻣﻘﺎﺭﻧﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺑﺎﻟﻌﺎﻡ ﺍﳌﺎﴈ؟‬Did you get to a preliminary

1408

before, but it was the country of God in the end

year?

91 | 2341 |

‫ ﹶﻗ ﹾﻮﻡ‬n. people, nation ‫ﺃﺟﺒﺘﻬﺎ ﺑﺄﻧﻨﻲ ﺃﺩﺍﻓﻊ ﻋﻦ ﻗﻮﻣﻲ ﻭﺗﺎﺭﳜﻬﻢ ﻭﱂ ﺃﲡﺎﻭﺯ‬ ‫ — ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ﺍﻷﺩﺏ‬I answered her that I was

1409

89 | 2400 |

that I did not go beyond the bounds of politeness

1410

‫ﻟﻴﺴﺖ ﺍﳊﺮﺏ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺋﻤﺔ ﰲ ﻓﻠﺴﻄﲔ ﺣﺮﺑﺎ ﺃﻫﻠﻴﺔ ﻛﲈ‬ ‫ — ﺫﻛﺮﺗﻢ‬The current war in Palestine is not a

‫ ﹶﺿﺨﹾ ﻢ‬adj. large, voluminous ‫ﳛﻤﻠﻮﻥ ﺃﺟﻬﺰﺓ ﺗﺴﺠﻴﻞ ﺿﺨﻤﺔ ﺗﻨﺒﻌﺚ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﻣﻮﺳﻴﻘﻰ‬ ‫ — ﺻﺎﺧﺒﺔ ﻳﺮﻗﺼﻮﻥ ﻋﲆ ﻧﻐﲈﲥﺎ‬They carry huge

civil war, as you mentioned 86 | 2487 |

recording devices, out of which comes loud 1411

94 | 2297 |

1404

democratic political system 88 | 2417 |

1412

87 | 2469 |

1405

‫ ﹶﻣ ﹺ‬Moroccan; Maghrebi ‫ ﹶﻣﻐ ﹺﹾﺮﺑﹺ ﹼﻲ‬n./adj. pl. ‫ﻐﺎﺭ ﹶﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺬﺍ ﻓﺈﻧﻨﺎ ﻧﺠﺪ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﲈﺭﺓ ﺍﳌﻐﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﳐﺘﻠﻔﺔ ﻋﻦ ﻣﺜﻴﻠﺘﻬﺎ ﰲ‬ ‫ — ﴍﻕ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﱂ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻣﻲ‬Therefore we find that

from Western culture, without discussion 84 | 2528 |

1413

77 | 2798 |

1406

pass this law

possibilities

1407

‫ ﹶﺑ ﹾﺮ ﹶﳌﺎﻥ‬n. parliament ‫— ﺍﻟﱪﳌﺎﻥ ﺃﺧﺬ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺍ ﺑﺎﻹﲨﺎﻉ ﺑﺈﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻧﻮﻥ‬ The Parliament made a unanimous decision to

‫ ﺍﹺ ﹾﺣﺘﹺﲈﻝ‬n. probability, likelihood; ‫ﺍﹺ ﹾﺣﺘﹺﲈﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﺃﺕ ﺍﳌﺨﺎﻭﻑ ﰱ ﺑﻠﺠﻴﻜﺎ ﻭﻫﻮﻟﻨﺪﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺍﺣﺘﲈﻝ ﺧﺮﻕ‬ ‫ — ﺃﳌﺎﻧﻴﺎ ﳊﻴﺎﺩﻫﺎ‬Fears that Germany would

‫ﻀﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ ﹶﺣ ﹶ‬n. pl. -aat civilization; culture ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻢ ﻭﺍﳌﻨﻬﺞ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ ﻫﻮ ﻣﺎ ﳚﺐ ﺃﻥ ﻧﺘﻘﺒﻠﻪ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳊﻀﺎﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻐﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﺩﻭﻥ ﻣﻨﺎﻗﺸﺔ‬Science and the scientific method are what we must accept

Moroccan architecture is different from its counterpart in the east of the Islamic World

‫ ﹶﺁﻣ ﹶﻦ‬v. IV to believe ‫ ﺏ‬in sth or ‫ ﹶﺃ ﱠﻥ‬/‫ﺑﹺ ﹶﺄ ﱠﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﺤﻦ ﻧﺆﻣﻦ ﺑﺄﻥ ﺑﻼﺩﻧﺎ ﺗﺴﺘﺤﻖ ﻧﻈﺎﻣﺎ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻴﺎ ﺩﻳﻤﻘﺮﺍﻃﻴﺎ‬ — We believe our country deserves a

‫ ﹸﻇ ﹾﻠﻢ‬n. injustice; ‫ ﹸﻇ ﹾﻠ ﹰﲈ‬wrongly, unjustly ‫ﺃﻻ ﻳﺸﻌﺮ ﺑﻈﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺗﺄﻧﻴﺐ ﺍﻟﻀﻤﲑ ﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﻳﻘﱰﻑ ﻫﺬﺍ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻈﻠﻢ؟‬Doesn’t he feel a hint of remorse when he commits this injustice?

‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻫﻠﹺ ﹼﻲ‬adj. civil, domestic; family, home;

private (school)

87 | 2484 |

music to whose tunes they dance

‫ ﺇﹺ ﹾﻣﻜﺎﻧﹺ ﱠﻴﺔ‬n. pl. -aat possibility; capability ‫ﺷﻌﺮﺕ ﺃﻥ ﺃﻣﻲ ﺧﴪﺕ ﺇﻣﻜﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻈﺮ ﺇﱃ ﺩﻣﺸﻖ ﻛﲈ‬ ‫ — ﰲ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻖ‬I felt that my mother lost the ability to look at Damascus as before

defending my people and their history and

1403

‫ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻴﺶ‬n. life, living; (Egy.) bread; (Gul.) rice ‫ ﻟﻜﻨﻬﺎ ﺑﻼﺩ ﺍﷲ ﰱ‬،‫ﱂ ﻳﺴﺒﻖ ﻟﻪ ﺍﻟﻌﻴﺶ ﰱ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺮﺍﺀ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺎﻳﺔ‬He had never lived in the desert

reading of the rate map compared to last 89 | 2413 |

1402

135

76 | 2793 |

break its neutrality began in Belgium and

‫ ﹶﺗ ﹾﻘﻨ ﹺ ﱠﻴﺔ‬n. pl. -aat technology, technique ‫— ﺃﻭﺩ ﺃﻥ ﺃﺳﺘﺨﺪﻡ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻨﻴﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻷﻏﺮﺍﺽ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬

Holland

I want to use this technology for peaceful

98 | 2193 |

purposes

‫ ﻧﺎﻓﹺ ﹶﺬﺓ‬n. pl. ‫ ﻧﹶﻮﺍﻓﹺﺬ‬window ‫ﺟﻠﺴﺖ ﺷﻴﲈﺀ ﰱ ﻣﻘﻌﺪ ﺑﻌﻴﺪ ﺑﺠﻮﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻓﺬﺓ ﻭﺗﻌﻤﺪﺕ‬ ‫ — ﺃﻻ ﺗﻨﻈﺮ ﺣﻮﳍﺎ‬Shima sat on a far chair next to the window and deliberately did not look

1414

83 | 2553 |

1415

‫ ﹸﺟ ﹾﻬﺪ‬n. effort, exertion, strain ‫ — ﺗﺴﺎﻧﺪ ﺯﻭﺟﻬﺎ ﺑﻜﻞ ﻣﺎ ﲤﻠﻚ ﻣﻦ ﺟﻬﺪ ﻭﻣﺎﻝ‬She supports her husband with everything she has

around her

in the way of effort and money

88 | 2427 |

89 | 2390 |

136

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

1416

‫ ﹶﻭ ﹾﻋﻲ‬n. consciousness; awareness, attention ‫ﻟﻘﺪ ﺃﺛﺒﺖ ﺍﻟﺰﻋﻴﲈﻥ ﺃﳖﲈ ﻋﲆ ﻣﺴﺘﻮ￯ ﻋﺎﻝ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻮﻋﻲ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺍﳌﺴﺆﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬The two leaders confirmed that

1422

through

they were on a high level of awareness and

‫ ﺿﻊ ﲨﻠﺔ »ﺃﻧﺎ ﺭﺟﻞ« ﰲ ﺻﻴﻐﺔ‬:‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻢ ﻟﻠﺘﻠﻤﻴﺬ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳌﺎﴈ‬The teacher said to the student:

responsibility 95 | 2231 |

1417

Put the sentence “I am a man” into the past

‫ ﹺ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﺣ ﹼﺮﺍﺱ‬guard, sentry; guardian, ‫ﺣﺎﺭﺱ‬

tense 98 | 2138 |

keeper; (sports) goalie, goal-keeper

‫ﻭﻗﻒ ﻃﺎﺭﻕ ﻣﺘﺤﻔﺰﺍ ﳛﺪﻕ ﰱ ﺷﻴﲈﺀ ﻭﻛﺄﻧﻪ ﺣﺎﺭﺱ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻣﻰ ﻳﱰﻗﺐ ﻭﺻﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺃ￯ ﺍﲡﺎﻩ ﻟﻴﺼﺪﻫﺎ ﻓﻮﺭﺍ‬

‫ ﹸﺟ ﹾﻤ ﹶﻠﺔ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﺟ ﹶﻤﻞ‬sentence, clause; group, bunch, ‫ ﺑﹺ ﹸ‬on the whole, altogether; handful; ‫ﺎﳉ ﹾﻤ ﹶﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ ﹸﹾﲨ ﹶﻠ ﹰﺔ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺗ ﹾﻔﺼ ﹰﻴﻼ‬completely, through and

1423

— Tariq stood up all ready, staring at Shima as

‫ﹺ‬ ‫ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻘﺐ‬and ‫ ﹶﻋ ﹺﻘﺐ‬fem.n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃﻋﹾﻘﺎﺏ‬heel; ‫ﺐ‬ ‫ﻋﹶﻘ ﹶ‬ ß 9ugub/ prep. immediately after; (Gul.) ‫ ﻋﻘﺐ‬/ß adv. afterwards (also prep. after)

if he were a goalie watching for the ball from

‫ﻗﺒﺾ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻋﻘﺐ ﻭﺻﻮﻟﻪ ﻣﺒﺎﴍﺓ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﻟﴩﻃﺔ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺗﻢ ﺗﺴﻔﲑﻩ‬He was arrested directly

any direction to block it immediately 82 | 2565 |

after his arrival by the police, and he was 1418

‫ ﹶﺻﺤﺎ ﹶﻓﺔ‬n. journalism, press ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻒ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﺑﺪﺃﺕ ﺗﺮﻛﺐ ﺍﳌﻮﺟﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺧﻠﻘﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﻓﺔ ﺍﻹﴎﺍﺋﻴﻠﻴﺔ ﺣﻮﻝ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳌﻮﺿﻮﻉ‬The

deported 83 | 2508 |

subject

‫ ﹸﻣ ﹶﺒﻜﱢﺮ‬adj. early; ‫ ﹸﻣ ﹶﺒﻜﱢﺮ ﹰﺍ‬early (adv.) ‫ ﺛﻢ‬،‫ﺍﺳﺘﻴﻘﻈﺖ ﻣﺒﻜﺮﺍ ﰱ ﺍﻟﺼﺒﺎﺡ ﻭﻃﺒﻌﺖ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ — ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻣﻨﻪ ﻋﴩﻳﻦ ﻧﺴﺨﺔ‬I woke up early in

87 | 2423 |

the morning and printed the report, then I

Arab newspapers began to ride the wave

1424

created by the Israeli press regarding this

made twenty copies of it 1419

‫ ﻃﺎ ﹶﳌﺎ‬and ‫ ﹶﻟﻄﺎ ﹶﳌﺎ‬conj. as long as; how often! ‫ ﻃﺎ ﹶﳌﺎ ﹶﺃ ﱠﻥ‬provided (that) ￯‫ — ﺳﺄﻇﻞ ﻋﲆ ﺣﺎﱃ ﻃﺎﳌﺎ ﳛﻤﻠﻨﻲ ﺟﺴﺪ‬I will keep

87 | 2390 |

1425

1420

‫ ﹸﻇ ﹾﻬﺮ‬n. noon, afternoon; ‫ ﹸﻇ ﹾﻬﺮ ﹰﺍ‬in the afternoon, at noon

doing what I’m doing as long as my body will carry me

‫— ﺍﺳﺘﻐﺮﻗﺖ ﰱ ﻧﻮﻡ ﻋﻤﻴﻖ ﻭﱂ ﺃﺳﺘﻴﻘﻆ ﺇﻻ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﻟﻈﻬﺮ‬

96 | 2187 |

I was in a deep sleep and didn’t wake up till afternoon

‫ ﹶﺧ ﹺﻔﻴﻒ‬adj. light; slight, minor; sparse ‫— ﺇﻧﺎ ﻟﻦ ﻧﺒﻴﻊ ﳍﺎ ﻏﲑ ﺍﻷﺳﻠﺤﺔ ﺍﳋﻔﻴﻔﺔ ﻭﺑﺄﺛﲈﻥ ﺑﺎﻫﻈﺔ‬ We will only sell it light arms, and at

97 | 2147 |

1426

‫ ﻭﺍ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻖ‬v. III to agree with sb ‫ ﻋﲆ‬on sth; ‫ ﻋﲆ‬sth ‫ — ﻟﻮ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﺑﻴﺪ￯ ﳌﺎ ﻭﺍﻓﻘﺖ ﻋﲆ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻨﻚ‬If the to approve, authorize

prohibitive prices 99 | 2127 |

matter were in my hands, I would not have 1421

‫ ﹶﻣﻨ ﹶﹶﻊ‬v. I (a) to prevent, forbid sth; to prevent sb ‫ﻋﻦ‬/‫ ﻣﻦ‬from doing sth; to deprive sb ‫ﻋﻦ‬/‫ ﻣﻦ‬of sth ‫ﻣﻦ ﺣﻖ ﺍﻟﻮﻻﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﺘﺤﺪﺓ ﺃﻥ ﲤﻨﻊ ﺃ￯ ﺷﺨﺺ ﻋﺮﺑﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﺩﺧﻮﻝ ﺃﺭﺍﺿﻴﻬﺎ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺗﺘﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻧﻪ ﺷﺨﺺ‬ ‫ — ﻣﺘﺤﴬ‬It is the right of the United States

agreed to your being appointed 95 | 2182 |

1427

‫ ﹸﻣ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻌ ﱢﻠﻖ‬adj. attached, connected (‫ ﺏ‬to sth/sb);

concerning (‫ ﺏ‬sth/sb)

to prevent any Arab person from entering its

‫ﻳﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﺄﻋﲈﻝ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻄﻮﻳﺮ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺠﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﳌﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺑﻤﺼﺎﺩﺭ ﺍﳌﻴﺎﻩ‬He is engaged in research and

lands so that it can be sure that he is a

development in the fields related to water

cultured person

resources

89 | 2363 |

82 | 2544 |

Frequency index

1428

‫ ﺯ ﹺﹶﻣﻴﻞ‬n. pl. ‫ ﺯﹸ ﹶﻣﻼﺀ‬colleague, associate,

1435

companion

1429

surrounding area; milieu, environment;

‫ ﺍ ﹸﳌ ﹺﺤﻴﻂ ﹺ‬Pacific Ocean ‫ﺍﳍﺎﺩﺉ‬ ‫ — ﻛﻞ ﳘﻪ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻤﺘﺎﻉ ﺑﲈ ﻳﺪﻭﺭ ﰲ ﳏﻴﻄﻪ‬His only

redouble his efforts to be at least twice as

concern is to enjoy that which happens

good as any American colleague

around him

95 | 2175 |

88 | 2351 |

‫ ﹶﻛ ﹾﻴ ﹺﻔ ﱠﻴﺔ‬n. manner, mode; way; how ‫— ﺗﻌﻠﻤﺖ ﺗﺪﺭﳚﻴﺎ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺔ ﺍﻻﻋﺘﲈﺩ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺲ‬

ocean;

1436

‫ﺍﻗﺮﺃ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺁﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﻟﺘﺴﺎﻋﺪﻙ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻟﻨﻮﻡ ﻫﺎﺩﺉ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺒﺎﻝ‬Read some verses of the Qur)an to help you sleep with peace of mind

‫ ﻧ ﹺ‬sample; model, example ‫ ﻧ ﹸﹶﻤﻮ ﹶﺫﺝ‬n. pl. ‫ﹶﲈﺫﺝ‬ ‫ ﻛﻨﺖﻧﻤﻮﺫﺟﺎﻟﻠﺰﻭﺟﺔﺍﻟﺼﺎﳊﺔ‬..‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﲢﺔﻋﲆﺭﻭﺣﻚﻳﺎﺃﻣﻰ‬ — (I recite) The Fatiha over your soul, mother...

84 | 2467 |

1437

You were an example of the good-hearted wife

threat, menace; danger, risk

‫ ﹺ‬n. pl. ‫ﻮﺍﺩﺙ‬ ‫ ﺣ ﹺ‬event, occurrence; ‫ﺣﺎﺩﺙ‬ ‫ﹶ‬

that threatening scares me? You won’t do

incident, accident

anything more than you have done

‫ﺗﺴﺒﺐ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺋﻖ ﰲ ﺣﺎﺩﺙ ﺍﺻﻄﺪﺍﻡ ﺑﲔ ﺛﻼﺙ‬ ‫ — ﺳﻴﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬This driver caused a collision between three cars

86 | 2403 |

1438

91 | 2273 |

‫ ﻓﺎ ﹶﺯ‬v. I (u) to win (‫ ﺏ‬sth); to defeat ‫ ﻋﲆ‬sb ‫ ﺳﺒﺎﻕ ﺑﻼ ﳖﺎﻳﺔ ﻻ ﻳﻔﻮﺯ ﻓﻴﻪ‬،‫ﺇﻥ ﺍﳊﻠﻢ ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻰ ﻭﻫﻢ‬ ‫ — ﺃﺣﺪ‬The American Dream is a phantom, a 92 | 2258 |

candles were strewn 97 | 2134 |

1439

‫ ﹺ‬a.p. sitting; (Dia.) staying, remaining; ‫ﻗﺎﻋﺪ‬ (with imperf.) in the process of doing sth

‫ ﹶﺛ ﹾﻮﺏ‬n. pl. ‫ ﺛﹺﻴﺎﺏ‬garment, robe, tunic; ‫ﺛﹺﻴﺎﺏ‬

‫ﻃﻮﻝ ﺍﻻﺳﺒﻮﻉ ﺑﺎﺑﻘﻰ ﺍﻧﺎ ﻭ ﻫﻮ ﻗﺎﻋﺪﻳﻦ ﰱ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺖ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺼﺒﺢ‬The whole week he and I will be

clothes, clothing

‫ﺛﻴﺎﺑﻪ ﺑﺴﻴﻄﺔ ﻧﻈﻴﻔﺔ ﻭﺩﺍﺋﲈ ﳎﻌﺪﺓ ﻗﻠﻴﻼ ﺭﺑﲈ ﻷﻧﻪ ﻻ ﳚﺪ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻮﻗﺖ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﰲ ﻟﻜﻴﻬﺎ ﺑﺈﺗﻘﺎﻥ‬His clothes are

staying home in the morning 49 | 4229 | +spo

clean and simple, and always a little wrinkled, iron them skillfully

‫ ﻣ ﹺ‬fem.n. music ‫ﻮﺳﻴ ﹶﻘﻰ‬ ‫ﹸ‬ ‫ ﻟﻜﻦ ﺍﳌﻮﺳﻴﻘﻰ ﲢﺮﻙ ﻗﻠﺒﻰ‬،‫— ﻻ ﺃﻓﻬﻢ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﲈﺕ‬

92 | 2235 | +lit

I don’t understand the words, but the music

perhaps because he can’t find enough time to

1434

‫ ﹶﻫ ﹺﺪ ﱠﻳﺔ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﻫﺪﺍﻳﺎ‬gift, present; ‫ ﹶﻫ ﹺﺪ ﱠﻳ ﹰﺔ‬as a gift ‫ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺍﳍﺪﻳﺔ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺓ ﻋﻦ ﺳﻠﺔ ﻛﺒﲑﺓ ﺗﻨﺎﺛﺮﺕ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻮﺭﻭﺩ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳌﺠﻔﻔﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺸﻤﻮﻉ ﺍﳊﻤﺮﺍﺀ‬The gift was a kind of large basket in which dried roses and red

race without an end in which no one wins

1433

‫ ﹶ ﹾﲥ ﹺﺪﻳﺪ‬vn. threatening, menacing; n. pl. -aat

‫ ﻟﻦ ﺗﻔﻌﻞ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﳑﺎ‬..‫ ﺃﺗﻈﻦ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﻬﺪﻳﺪ ﳜﻴﻔﻨﻲ‬..‫ﺃﲥﺪﺩ‬ ‫ — ﻓﻌﻠﺖ‬Are you threatening? Do you think

85 | 2450 |

1432

‫ ﺁ ﹶﻳﺔ‬n. pl. -aat verse (in the Qur]an); sign, wonder, miracle

84 | 2471 |

1431

‫ ﹸ ﹺﳏﻴﻂ‬adj. peripheral, surrounding; n. periphery,

￯‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺒﺬﻝ ﳎﻬﻮﺩﺍ ﻣﻀﺎﻋﻔﺎ ﻟﻴﻜﻮﻥ ﺃﻓﻀﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺃ‬ ‫ — ﺯﻣﻴﻞ ﺃﻣﺮﻳﻜﻰ ﻣﺮﺗﲔ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻷﻗﻞ‬He needs to

I learned gradually how to rely on myself

1430

137

1440

moves my heart

‫ ﺑ ﹺ‬alternative; replacement, ‫ ﹶﺑ ﹺﺪﻳﻞ‬n. pl. ‫ﺪﺍﺋﻞ‬ ‫ﹶ‬

94 | 2199 |

substitute; adj. alternate, substitute; equivalent

conference is to spread awareness of the

‫ ﹶﺑ ﹶﻌ ﹶ‬v. I (a) to send, mail sth or ‫ ﺏ‬sth ‫ ﺇﱃ‬to sb ‫ﺚ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﻣﺎﺭﺗﻦ ﻟﻮﺛﺮ ﻛﻴﻨﺞ ﻳﺮﻳﺪ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺒﻌﺚ ﺑﺮﺳﺎﻟﺔ ﺣﺐ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺇﺧﺎﺀ ﻣﺴﻴﺤﻴﺔ‬Martin Luther King wanted

importance of mother’s milk and to curb the

to send a message of Christian love and

use of substitutes for mother’s milk

brotherhood

85 | 2419 |

99 | 2087 |

‫ﺍﳍﺪﻑ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﺆﲤﺮ ﻧﴩ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﻋﻴﺔ ﺑﺄﳘﻴﺔ ﻟﺒﻦ ﺍﻷﻡ ﻭﺍﳊﺪ‬ ‫ — ﻣﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺑﺪﺍﺋﻞ ﻟﺒﻦ ﺍﻷﻡ‬The goal of the

1441

138

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

1442

‫ ﻧﹶﺪﹾ ﹶﻭﺓ‬n. pl. -aat seminar, symposium, colloquium ‫ﻧﺮﺣﺐ ﺑﻜﻢ ﺗﺮﺣﻴﺒﺎ ﺣﺎﺭﺍ ﰲ ﻧﺪﻭﺓ ﻧﻌﻘﺪﻫﺎ ﳌﻨﺎﻗﺸﺔ ﺁﺧﺮ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺘﻄﻮﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﳌﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ ﺑﺎﳌﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﺍﳌﻘﺪﺳﺔ‬We welcome

everything that we have offered in terms of

you warmly to this panel we are holding to

88 | 2321 |

lengthy struggle for the freedom of Syria and the glory of all of Arabism

discuss the latest developments related to the 1444

Holy City 79 | 2616 |

1443

‫ ﹺﺟﻬﺎﺩ‬n. jihad (struggle, from the phrase ‫ﻴﻞ ﺍﷲﹺ‬ ‫ ﹺ‬struggle in the way of God) ‫ﺍﳉﻬﺎﺩ ﰲ ﹶﺳﺒﹺ ﹺ‬ ‫ﻳﻨﺴﻰ ﻛﻞ ﻣﺎ ﻗﺪﻣﻨﺎﻩ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳉﻬﺎﺩ ﺍﻟﻄﻮﻳﻞ ﰲ ﺳﺒﻴﻞ ﺣﺮﻳﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺳﻮﺭﻳﺎ ﻭﳎﺪ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﻭﺑﺔ ﺃﲨﻊ‬He forgets

‫ ﻗﺎ ﹶﻋﺔ‬n. pl. -aat hall, large room ‫ﰱ ﺃﻗﴡ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻋﺔ ﺭﺟﻞ ﺃﺳﻮﺩ ﻳﺮﺗﺪ￯ ﺑﺪﻟﺔ ﺳﻬﺮﺓ‬ ‫ — ﻭﻳﻌﺰﻑ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻮ‬At the far end of the hall is a black man wearing an evening suit and playing the piano 93 | 2194 |

19 Health 253 452 458 644 698 711 750 755 816 822 835 865 929 1011 1041 1322 1340 1488 1529 1902 1934 2012 2100 2134 2211 2291 2791 2814 2847 2863

‫ﺩﻛﺘﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺽ‬ ‫ﺻﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻃﺒﻴﺐ‬ ‫ﺻﺤﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺘﺸﻔﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﻼﺝ‬ ‫ﺃﺻﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺇﺻﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻳﺾ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻃﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﱂ‬ ‫ﺟﺮﺡ‬ ‫ﺭﻋﺎﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﳉﺔ‬ ‫ﺁﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻃﺐ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺎﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻧﺎﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﻻﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺣﻴﻮﻱ‬ ‫ﴎﻃﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﲑﻭﺱ‬ ‫ﳐﺪﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺷﻔﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻣﺆﱂ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻟﺞ‬

doctor

3428

illness

3443

health

3490

doctor

3517

healthy

3578

hospital

3588

treatment

3663

to strike (of an illness)

3683

being struck with

3700

sick

3706

health

3713

medical

3741

pain

3768

wound

3835

care

3845

care

3933

ouch

3995

wounded, stricken

4017

medicine

4053

care

4153

suffering

4369

birth

4403

biological

4461

‫ﻣﻀﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺣﻴﻮﻱ‬: anti-biotic

4612

cancer

4632

virus

4716

drug

4764

sickness cure

4802

painful

4936

to treat

4945

‫ﺟﺮﺍﺣﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻬﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺟﺮﺍﺣﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺸﺨﻴﺺ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻔﻠﻮﻧﺰﺍ‬ ‫ﻧﺰﻳﻒ‬ ‫ﺇﺳﻌﺎﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﺑﺎﺀ‬ ￯‫ﻋﺪﻭ‬ ‫ﲪﻰ‬ ‫ﺇﻳﺪﺯ‬ ‫ﺳﻜﺮﻱ‬ ‫ﻣﺰﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻭﺻﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺷﻠﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﴈ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﺘﺎﻣﲔ‬ ‫ﻧﺰﻑ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﻋ ﹼﻘﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻴﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﰱ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺒﻮﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﺳﻤﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﳑﺮﺽ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﺍﺛﻲ‬ ‫ﺟﺮﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺟﻨﺎﺯﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻼﺟﻲ‬

surgical inflammation surgery diagnosis influenza bleeding first aid; ambulance epidemic, disease infection fever AIDS diabetes chronic prescription paralysis pathological vitamin to bleed, hemorrhage pregnant drug, medicine clinic ache, pain to heal, cure unconsciousness, trance fat, obese nurse hereditary, genetic, congenital dose, vaccine; gulp funeral therapeutic

Frequency index

1445

‫ ﹶﻓ ﹾﺮﻕ‬n. difference, distinction; discrepancy ‫ ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﻫﻮ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻕ‬،‫ﻟﻦ ﺃﲣﺎﺫﻝ ﻋﻦ ﺍﳌﺤﺎﻭﻟﺔ ﻛﺎﳉﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ — ﺑﻴﻨﻲ ﻭﺑﲔ ﺍﻵﺧﺮﻳﻦ‬I won’t get tired of trying

opportunity to call on parents and families to monitor their children’s behavior 80 | 2541 |

like everyone else, and that is the difference between me and the others

1452

98 | 2092 |

1446

‫ ﹺﺣﻔﺎﻅ‬vn. guarding, preserving; memorization; ‫ ﹺﺣﻔﺎﻅ ﹶ‬sanitary napkin n. diaper; ‫ﺍﳊ ﹾﻴﺾ‬ ‫ﻟﻘﺪ ﺍﺳﺘﺸﻬﺪ ﺍﻟﴩﻳﻒ ﺃﻣﺰﻳﺎﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺟﻞ ﺍﳊﻔﺎﻅ ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ — ﺑﻼﺩﻧﺎ ﻭﻛﻴﻨﻮﻧﺘﻨﺎ ﻭﻛﻨﻮﺯﻧﺎ‬Al-Sharif Amziyan has

139

‫ ﹶﻓ ﹺﺸ ﹶﻞ‬v. I (a) to fail, be unsuccessful ‫ ﰲ‬in sth ‫— ﺍﳌﻄﻠﻘﺔ ﻫﻰ ﺍﳌﺮﺃﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﻰ ﻓﺸﻠﺖ ﰱ ﺍﻻﺣﺘﻔﺎﻅ ﺑﺰﻭﺟﻬﺎ‬ The divorced woman is the woman who failed to keep her husband 87 | 2332 |

1453

suffered martyrdom in order to protect our country and our being and our treasures

‫ ﹶﺣ ﹼﻆ‬n. luck, fortune ‫ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳉﻴﻞ ﺃﺳﻌﺪ ﺣﻈﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻏﲑﻩ ﺑﺴﺒﺐ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﱪﻛﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻹﳍﻴﺔ‬This generation is luckier than others because of this divine blessing

86 | 2368 |

97 | 2082 |

1447

1448

‫ ﹶﺟ ﹾﺒ ﹶﻬﺔ‬n. (military, political, weather) front; ‫ ﹶ‬Popular Front ‫ﺍﳉ ﹾﺒ ﹶﻬﺔ ﱠ‬ front line; ‫ﺍﻟﺸ ﹾﻌﺒﹺ ﱠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﳌﺎﺫﺍ ﳚﺐ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺒﻘﻰ ﻟﺒﻨﺎﻥ ﺍﳉﺒﻬﺔ ﺍﻟﻮﺣﻴﺪﺓ ﺍﳌﻔﺘﻮﺣﺔ ﻣﻊ‬ ‫ — ﺇﴎﺍﺋﻴﻞ؟‬Why should Lebanon remain the

1454

only open front with Israel?

be able to respond since the time for the

82 | 2465 |

program has ended

‫ ﺗ ﹾﹶﻮ ﹺﻗﻴﻊ‬n. signing; signature ‫ﺍﻟﻮﻻﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﺘﺤﺪﺓ ﺍﻷﻣﲑﻛﻴﺔ ﺭﻓﻀﺖ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﻗﻴﻊ ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ — ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻗﻴﺔ ﻛﻴﻮﺗﻮ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﲢﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻧﺒﻌﺎﺙ ﺍﻟﻐﺎﺯﺍﺕ‬The

97 | 2097 |

1455

‫ﺇﻧﻪ ﳎﺮﺩ ﺗﻠﻤﻴﺬ ﻓﺎﺷﻞ ﺗﺮﻙ ﺍﳌﺪﺭﺳﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻮﻳﺔ ﻭﻫﺮﺏ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ ﺣﺘﻰ ﳏﻄﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﻨﺰﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﻰ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻳﻌﻤﻞ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻃﺮﺩﻭﻩ‬،‫ﺃﻫﻠﻪ‬ ‫ — ﻣﻨﻬﺎ‬He is merely a failing student who left

Kyoto Agreement which limits gas emissions 86 | 2361 |

secondary school and ran away from his

‫ ﹸﻣ ﹾﻤﺘﺎﺯ‬adj. excellent, superior, first-class;

family; even the gas station he used to work in fired him

privileged, favored

‫ — ﻟﻘﺪ ﻭﺟﺪ ﻭﻇﻴﻔﺔ ﳑﺘﺎﺯﺓ ﰱ ﻣﻜﺘﺐ ﺳﻤﴪﺓ‬He

94 | 2144 |

found an excellent job in a brokerage office 93 | 2175 |

1450

1456

‫ ﻓﺮﺁﻩ ﻳﻌﱪ ﺍﳉﴪ ﻭﻳﺪﺧﻞ‬،‫ﺳﺎﺭ ﺧﻠﻔﻪ ﻣﺘﺘﺒﻌﺎ ﺧﻄﻮﺍﺗﻪ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺴﻮﻕ‬He walked after him following his

distress; care, interest

‫ﺻﺤﻴﻔﺔ ﻋﻜﺎﻅ ﺧﺼﺼﺖ ﻣﺴﺎﺣﺔ ﳌﻨﺎﻗﺸﺔ ﺑﻌﺾ ﳘﻮﻡ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺎﺓ ﺍﻟﺴﻌﻮﺩﻳﺔ‬The Ukaz newspaper

footsteps, so he saw him crossing the bridge and entering the market

designated some space for the discussion of

94 | 2143 |

some concerns of Saudi young women

1451

‫ ﹸﻣﻜﺎ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺤﺔ‬n. fight, battle, confrontation ‫ﺇﻥ ﺍﻻﻋﻼﻥ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﳌﻲ ﳌﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ ﺍﳌﺨﺪﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻳﺸﻜﻞ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﺔ ﻟﺪﻋﻮﺓ ﺍﻵﺑﺎﺀ ﻭﺍﻷﻫﺎﱄ ﳌﺮﺍﻗﺒﺔ ﺳﻠﻮﻙ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻻﺑﻨﺎﺀ‬The announcement of the

‫ ﹺﺟ ﹾﴪ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﺟ ﹸﺴﻮﺭ‬bridge; (reinforcement)

beam or bar; (dental) bridge

‫ ﹶﻫ ﹼﻢ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﳘﻮﻡ‬worry, concern; anxiety,

96 | 2118 |

‫ﻱ‬ ‫ ﺛﺎﻧ ﹺﹶﻮ ﹼ‬adj. secondary; lower-ranking, subordinate

United States of America refused to sign the

1449

‫ ﹶﺿ ﹾﻴﻒ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﺿ ﹸﻴﻮﻑ‬guest, visitor ‫ﻧﺄﺳﻒ ﻟﻌﺪﻡ ﲤﻜﻦ ﺍﻟﻀﻴﻒ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻹﺟﺎﺑﺔ ﻧﻈﺮﺍ ﻻﻧﺘﻬﺎﺀ‬ ‫ — ﺯﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﱪﻧﺎﻣﺞ‬We are sorry the guest will not

1457

‫ ﹸﻣﺘ ﹶﹶﻤ ﱢﻴﺰ‬adj. distinguished, outstanding,

prominent; different (‫ ﻋﻦ‬from)

‫ﺃﻛﺎﺩ ﺃﲤﺰﻕ ﺃﳌﺎ ﻭﺃﻧﺎ ﺃﺭ￯ ﻃﺒﻴﺒﺔ ﻣﺘﻤﻴﺰﺓ ﻣﺜﻠﻬﺎ ﺗﻘﺒﻊ ﺑﲔ‬ ‫ — ﺃﺭﺑﻌﺔ ﺟﺪﺭﺍﻥ ﺿﺤﻴﺔ ﺣﺮﺏ ﻋﲆ ﺍﳊﺠﺎﺏ‬I am almost being torn apart in pain when I see an excellent doctor like her languishing between

International Day against Drug Abuse (World

four walls, a victim of the war on the head scarf

Day for Fighting Drugs) represents an

84 | 2396 |

140

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

1458

1459

1460

1461

1462

1463

1464

‫ ﹶﺑ ﹾﻠﺪﹶ ﺓ‬n. town, township, community ،‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻄﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﻟﺬ￯ ﻳﻤﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﺤﻄﺔ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﺒﻠﺪﺓ ﻛﲈ ﻫﻮ‬ ‫ ﻗﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺮﺟﺎﺕ‬،‫ — ﺭﻓﻴﻌﺎ ﻣﱰﺑﺎ‬The road that led

1465

‫ ﻫﻮﻥ‬/hoon/ (Lev.) adv. here; ‫ ﳍﻮﻥ‬/la-hoon/ to here

from the station to the town was the same:

‫ﻋﻦ ﺟﺪ ﺍﻟﺪﻧﻴﺎ ﺣﺮ ﻫﻮﻥ ﻣﺎ ﻋﺎﺩ ﻓﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﺣﺪ ﻳﺴﺘﺤﻤﻞ‬ ‫ — ﺃﺑﺪﺍ‬The weather is really hot here, a person

narrow, dusty, its curves few

can’t bear it at all any more

78 | 2586 |

49 | 4089 | +spo

‫ ﺍﹺ ﹾﺳﺘ ﹶﹶﺤ ﱠﻖ‬v. X to deserve, merit sth ‫— ﻧﺆﻣﻦ ﺑﺄﻥ ﺑﻼﺩﻧﺎ ﺗﺴﺘﺤﻖ ﻧﻈﺎﻣﺎ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻴﺎ ﺩﻳﻤﻘﺮﺍﻃﻴﺎ‬

1466

‫ ﺛﺎﺑﹺﺖ‬adj. firm, established, constant; stable, steady

We believe that our country deserves a

‫ — ﱂ ﻳﺴﺘﻄﻊ ﺍﻟﻮﻗﻮﻑ ﰱ ﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺛﺎﺑﺖ‬He couldn’t

democratic political system

stop in a fixed place

89 | 2265 |

97 | 2053 |

‫ﹺ ﹺ‬ ‫ﻱ‬ ‫ ﹶﺗﻨﹾﻔﻴﺬ ﹼ‬adj. executive, implementing ‫ﻳﺸﻌﺮ ﺑﺄﻥ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻄﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻔﻴﺬﻳﺔ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﺔ ﺗﺘﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﻊ‬ ‫ — ﻗﻀﺎﻳﺎﻩ ﺑﻨﻮﻉ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻼﻣﺒﺎﻻﺓ‬He feels that the executive authorities inside the state are dealing

‫ ﹸﻣ ﹶﺆ ﱢﴍ‬n. pl. -aat indicator, index; measure, ‫ﴍﺍﺕ‬ ‫ ﹸﻣﺆﹶ ﱢ‬clues, indications, pointers ‫ﺍﳊﻤﺪ ﷲ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﻛﺜﲑ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﺆﴍﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻘﻮﻝ ﺃﻥ ﻭﺿﻊ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳌﺮﺃﺓ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺮﻳﻦ ﻋﲆ ﻣﺎ ﻳﺮﺍﻡ‬Praise God, there

with his problems with a kind of unconcern

are a lot of indicators which say that the

75 | 2664 |

situation of women in Bahrain is going well

‫ ﹶﻭﺯﹾﻥ‬vn. weighing, measuring the weight of; n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭﺯﺍﻥ‬weight ‫ﺍﻷﻛﺮﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻡ ﳍﻢ ﻭﺯﻥ ﻛﺒﲑ ﰲ ﺍﳊﻴﺎﺓ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺍﻗﻴﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳊﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬The Kurds today carry a lot of weight

1467

gage;

78 | 2537 |

1468

‫ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻄﺮ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻣﻄﺎﺭ‬rain ‫ﺃﺣﺴﺖ ﺯﻫﺮﺓ ﺑﺎﻟﻔﻌﻞ ﺑﺎﳋﻮﻑ ﻣﻦ ﺻﻮﺕ ﺍﻟﺮﻋﺪ ﻭﻗﻮﺓ‬ ‫ ﻭﻛﺜﲑﺍ ﻣﺎ ﺃﻇﻠﻤﺖ ﺍﻟﺪﻧﻴﺎ ﳖﺎﺭﺍ ﻛﺎﻣﻼ‬،‫— ﺍﻷﻣﻄﺎﺭ‬

in current Iraqi political life

Zahra indeed felt afraid of the sound of the

94 | 2140 |

thunder and the strength of the rain, and many

‫ ﺇﻧﺠﻠﻴﺰﻱ‬and ‫ ﺇﻧﻜﻠﻴﺰﻱ‬/’ingliizi/ n./adj. pl. ‫ﺇﻧﺠﻠﻴﺰ‬, ß ‫ ﺇﻧﻜﻠﻴﺰ‬English; (Dia.) English (language) ‫ﻳﻀﺤﻚ ﺍﻟﻌﲈﻝ ﻋﲆ ﻃﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﲪﺰﺓ ﰱ ﻧﻄﻖ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻹﻧﺠﻠﻴﺰﻳﺔ‬The workers are making fun of

times the world was dark for a complete day 93 | 2153 |

1469

‫ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻔ ﹸﺮﻭﺽ‬adj. necessary, required; imposed, prescribed; n. obligation, duty

Hamza’s way of pronouncing English

‫ﺍﳌﻔﺮﻭﺽ ﺍﻧﻜﻢ ﺗﻜﻮﻧﻮﻥ ﻣﻊ ﺑﻌﺾ ﻋﲆ ﺍﳊﻠﻮﺓ ﻭﺍﳌﺮﺓ‬

82 | 2454 |

— You were supposed to be with each other

‫ ﹶﻃ ﹶﲑﺍﻥ‬n. aviation, flying; airline ‫ ﻭﺭﺃ￯ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ‬،‫ﻭﺻﻞ ﺻﻮﺕ ﺍﳌﺪﺍﻓﻊ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻹﺳﻜﻨﺪﺭﻳﺔ‬ ‫ ﻓﺎﺭﺗﻌﺪﺕ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻫﺮﺓ ﻭﺳﻬﺮﺕ‬،‫ﺣﺮﻛﺔ ﺍﻟﻄﲑﺍﻥ ﻓﻮﻗﻬﺎ‬ ‫ — ﺳﺎﺋﺮ ﺍﻟﺒﻼﺩ‬The sound of cannons reached

through good times and hard times 93 | 2152 |

Alexandria, and the people saw the activity of

‫ ﹶﻓ ﱠﻀ ﹶﻞ‬v. II to prefer sth (‫ ﻋﲆ‬to sth else) ‫ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺃﻧﺘﲈ ﻟﻴﺲ ﻣﻦ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻠﺼﻮﺹ ﻳﻔﻀﻠﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﻈﻼﻡ‬ ‫ — ﻣﺼﻠﺤﺘﻜﲈ ﺃﻥ ﺗﺮﻳﺎ ﻭﺟﻬﻴﻜﲈ‬Thieves prefer

airplanes above it, so Cairo trembled and the

darkness; even you two, it is not in your

rest of the country couldn’t sleep

interest to show your faces

92 | 2176 |

96 | 2080 |

‫ ﹸﻋ ﹸﻘﻮ ﹶﺑﺔ‬n. pl. -aat punishment, penalty, sanction ‫ﻣﻴﺜﺎﻕ ﺍﻷﻣﻢ ﺍﳌﺘﺤﺪﺓ ﻫﻮ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﳚﻴﺰ ﻓﺮﺽ ﻛﻞ ﺃﻧﻮﺍﻉ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻮﺑﺎﺕ ﻭﺑﲈ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﺡ‬The United

1470

1471

‫ ﹶﺟ ﹾﻤﻊ‬n. bringing together, gathering,

assembling; joining together

Nations Charter is the thing which permits the

‫ﻻ ﻳﻌﺮﻑ ﻣﻦ ﻫﺪﻑ ﰲ ﺍﳊﻴﺎﺓ ﺇﻻ ﲨﻊ ﺍﳌﺎﻝ ﻭﻟﻮ ﻛﺎﻥ‬ ‫ — ﻋﲆ ﺣﺴﺎﺏ ﻛﻞ ﳾﺀ‬The only goal he knows

imposition of all kinds of sanctions, including

for life is gathering money, even at the

the use of weapons

expense of everything else

85 | 2342 |

89 | 2236 |

Frequency index

1472

‫ ﻣ ﹺ‬seat; place ‫ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻘ ﹶﻌﺪ‬n. pl. ‫ﻘﺎﻋﺪ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ ﻓﻮﺟﺪ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ ﳑﺪﺩﺍ ﻋﲆ ﺍﳌﻘﻌﺪ‬،‫ﺃﻋﺎﺩﺗﻪ ﻭﻣﻀﺔ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻮﻋﻰ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻄﻮﻳﻞ ﰱ ﻋﻴﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﺐ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻰ‬A flash

1479

decided to live in a separate room inside the shelter

found himself lying on the long chair in the

85 | 2308 |

psychiatrist’s office

1473

1480

‫ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻘﺘﹶﻞ‬n. murder, killing ‫ ﻓﺎﻗﺘﻴﺪ‬،‫ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻟﻪ ﻳﺪ ﰲ ﻣﻘﺘﻞ ﻋﺪﺩ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳉﻨﻮﺩ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻧﺴﻴﲔ‬ ‫ — ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻦ‬He had a hand in the killing of a

Imperialism 91 | 2170 |

prison 84 | 2355 | +news

1481

‫— ﺭﻓﻌﺖ ﺳﻠﻤﻰ ﺭﺃﺳﻬﺎ ﻭﻧﻈﺮﺕ ﻧﺤﻮ ﺍﻷﻓﻖ ﺍﻟﺒﻌﻴﺪ‬ Salma raised her head and looked out towards the far horizons 87 | 2245 |

86 | 2291 |

‫ ﺍﹺ ﱠﹶﲣ ﹶﺬ‬v. VIII to take sth; to adopt, pass

1482

‫ﺍﲣﺬﺕ ﻣﻘﻌﺪﻫﺎ ﺑﲔ ﻣﻘﺎﻋﺪ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺟﺔ ﺍﻷﻭﱃ ﻭﻭﺿﻌﺖ‬ ‫ — ﺳﲈﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻮﻭﻛﲈﻥ ﰲ ﺃﺫﻧﻴﻬﺎ‬She took her seat

under the ruins 88 | 2240 |

among the first class seats and put her 1483

87 | 2265 |

1476

‫ﺭﺍﺣﺔ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬n. rest, relaxation, repose, leisure; ‫ﺭﺍﺣﺔ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻴ ﹺﺪ‬palm of the hand ‫ﺍﺣﺘﺎﺟﺖ ﻟﺴﺎﻋﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺣﺔ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺃﻥ ﺗﺴﺘﻄﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﻮﻗﻮﻑ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻮﺩﺓ ﻣﻌﻪ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺖ‬She needed an hour of

place was almost impossible, but our Lord, may He be praised and exalted, wanted us to have success 98 | 2003 |

with him to the house

1477

1478

‫ ﹺﺷ ﹾﺒﻪ‬n. semi-, almost, like ‫ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺍﳌﻮﺍﻓﻘﺔ ﻋﲆ ﺇﻗﺎﻣﺔ ﻣﺴﺠﺪ ﰱ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳌﻜﺎﻥ ﺷﺒﻪ‬ ‫ ﻟﻜﻦ ﺭﺑﻨﺎ ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ ﻭﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﺃﺭﺍﺩ ﻟﻨﺎ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﻓﻴﻖ‬،‫ﻣﺴﺘﺤﻴﻠﺔ‬ — Agreement on building a mosque in this

rest before she was able to stand and return 97 | 2039 |

‫ ﹸﺟ ﱠﺜﺔ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﺟ ﹶﺜﺚ‬corpse, body ‫— ﺑﺪﺃ ﺍﳉﻤﻴﻊ ﻳﺮﻓﻌﻮﻥ ﺍﳉﺜﺚ ﻣﻦ ﲢﺖ ﺍﻷﻧﻘﺎﺽ‬ Everyone started to bring out the bodies from

(a resolution)

Walkman earphones on her ears

‫ ﹸﺃ ﹸﻓﻖ‬and ‫ ﹸﺃ ﹾﻓﻖ‬n. pl. ‫ ﺁﻓﺎﻕ‬horizon; ‫ ﺁﻓﺎﻕ‬view, perspectives; outlook, prospects

‫ﺳﺎﻫ ﹶﻢ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬v. III to participate in, contribute to ‫ﻫﻞ ﺳﺎﻫﻢ ﺍﻹﺧﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﻮﻥ ﰲ ﻧﴩ ﺍﻟﻔﻜﺮ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻔﲑﻱ؟‬Did the Muslim Brothers participate in spreading Takfiri thought?

1475

‫ ﺗ ﹾﹸﺮﻛﹺ ﹼﻲ‬n./adj. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃﺗﹾﺮﺍﻙ‬, ß‫ ﺗ ﹾﹸﺮﻙ‬Turk; Turkish ‫ﻗﺪ ﻳﺮ￯ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺏ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻷﺗﺮﺍﻙ ﻧﻮﻋﺎ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﺍ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻹﻣﱪﻳﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺜﲈﻧﻴﺔ‬The Sunni Arabs might see in the Turks a new kind of Ottoman

number of French soldiers, so he was led to

1474

‫ ﹸﻣ ﹾﺴﺘ ﹺﹶﻘ ﹼﻞ‬adj. independent, autonomous ￯‫ — ﻗﺮﺭ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺴﻜﻦ ﰲ ﻏﺮﻓﺔ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻠﺔ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺍﳌﺄﻭ‬He

brought him back to consciousness, and he

88 | 2242 |

141

1484

‫ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺣ ﱠﺲ‬v. IV to feel, sense ‫ ﺏ‬sth or ‫ ﹶﺃ ﱠﻥ‬that ‫— ﺃﺣﺴﺴﺖ ﺑﺄﻧﻨﻰ ﺍﳌﺴﺌﻮﻟﺔ ﺍﻷﻭﱃ ﻋﻦ ﻣﻮﺗﻪ‬

‫ ﹶﺷ ﹶﺮﻑ‬n. honor, distinction ‫ ﺃﻧﺖ ﺷﺨﺺ ﺑﻼ‬..‫ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ ﺍﻟﺘﻰ ﻗﺪﻣﺘﻬﺎ ﻣﻐﺸﻮﺷﺔ‬ ‫ ﺳﺄﻟﻐﻰ ﺭﺳﺎﻟﺘﻚ ﻭﺃﻓﺼﻠﻚ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻘﺴﻢ ﻓﻮﺭﺍ‬..‫ﴍﻑ‬ — The results which you presented were

I felt that I was primarily responsible for his

faked...You are a person without honor...I will

death

cancel your dissertation and have you

84 | 2350 | +lit

dismissed from the department immediately 97 | 2016 |

‫ ﹶﻓﻀﺎﺀ‬n. space; (outer) space, cosmos; vacant (plot of land)

‫ﻟﻘﺪ ﺩﺧﻠﺖ ﻛﺎﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺖ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻡ ﻛﻌﺼﻔﻮﺭ ﻃﻠﻴﻖ‬ ‫ — ﰱ ﺍﻟﻔﻀﺎﺀ‬Camelia entered the house that

1485

‫ ﹸﻫ ﹺﻮ ﱠﻳﺔ‬n. identity; identity card ‫ ﻭﺑﺪﺃﻧﺎ ﺍﻟﻌﺒﻮﺭ‬..‫— ﺣﴬ ﺍﳉﻤﻴﻊ ﺃﻭﺭﺍﻕ ﺇﺛﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﳍﻮﻳﺔ‬ Everyone prepared their identity papers...and

day like a bird flying in the air

we began to pass through

87 | 2269 |

86 | 2274 |

142

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

1486

1487

‫ ﺑﹺﻄﺎ ﹶﻗﺔ‬n. pl. -aat card; tag; ticket; ballot ‫ﺃﺩﺧﻠﻮﺍ ﺑﻄﺎﻗﺎﺕ ﺩﻋﻮﺍﲥﻢ ﰱ ﺟﻬﺎﺯ ﺍﻟﻠﻴﺰﺭ ﻟﻠﺘﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ — ﺃﳖﺎ ﻟﻴﺴﺖ ﻣﺰﻭﺭﺓ‬They put their invitation

1492

weather-related

‫— ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺍﻟﺮﺣﻠﺔ ﻣﺘﻌﺒﺔ ﺟﺪﺍ ﻟﺴﻮﺀ ﺍﻷﺣﻮﺍﻝ ﺍﳉﻮﻳﺔ‬

cards into the laser machine to make sure that

The trip was very tiring because of the bad

they weren’t counterfeit

weather

94 | 2074 |

82 | 2367 |

‫ ﹸﺭﻛﹾﻦ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺭﻛﺎﻥ‬pillar, foundation, support; (mil.) chief of staff; corner, nook; section

1493

(newspaper)

form in the mirror that was placed in the corner of the cellar, and he laughed

97 | 1995 |

1494

uproariously 88 | 2217 |

‫ ﹸﻣﺼﺎﺏ‬n./adj. injured, wounded; afflicted ‫ﺗﺄﺧﺮﺕ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﻧﻘﻞ ﺍﳌﺼﺎﺑﲔ ﺑﺴﺒﺐ ﻋﺪﻡ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ — ﺳﻴﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺇﺳﻌﺎﻑ ﻣﻬﻴﺄﺓ ﻭﺻﺎﳊﺔ‬The operation

and then leave in peace to your appointment

1495

91 | 2134 |

ambulances 1496

‫ ﹶﺻ ﹺ‬missile, rocket ‫ﺻﺎﺭﻭﺥ‬ ‫ ﹸ‬n. pl. ‫ﻮﺍﺭﻳﺦ‬ ‫ﻳﴫ ﺳﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﳌﻨﻄﻘﺔ ﻋﲆ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﺼﻮﺍﺭﻳﺦ ﻗﺘﻠﺖ ﺃﺳﺎﺗﺬﺓ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺗﻼﻣﺬﺓ ﺃﺑﺮﻳﺎﺀ‬The inhabitants of the area

candidate, nominee

‫ﲡﺮﻱ ﺍﻻﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﻟﻴﺨﺘﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺐ ﺃﺣﺪ ﺍﳌﺮﺷﺤﲔ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺜﻼﺛﺔ‬The elections are taking place for the people to choose one of the three

teachers and students

candidates

84 | 2328 |

‫ ﺗ ﹶﹶﺤ ﱡﻮﻝ‬n. pl. -aat change, transformation, conversion

79 | 2452 |

1497

‫ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻧﻘﻄﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻮﻝ ﰲ ﺣﻴﺎﺗﻪ ﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﺷﺎﻫﺪ ﺷﺠﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺣﺪ ﺍﳌﺘﻈﺎﻫﺮﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﺎﺏ ﺃﺛﻨﺎﺀ ﻣﻈﺎﻫﺮﺓ ﰲ ﺗﻞ ﺃﺑﻴﺐ ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ٢٠٠٢ — The turning point in his life was

‫ ﻻ ﺃﺳﺘﻄﻴﻊ‬..‫ﺟﻠﺴﺖ ﻣﺘﻬﺎﻟﻜﺎ ﻋﲆ ﺃﻗﺮﺏ ﻣﻘﻌﺪ‬ ‫ ﺧﻠﻴﻂ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺬﻫﻮﻝ‬..‫ﻭﺻﻒ ﻣﺸﺎﻋﺮ￯ ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﻟﻠﺤﻈﺔ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺍﻟﻐﻀﺐ ﻭﺍﳌﻬﺎﻧﺔ‬I sat exhausted on the

demonstrators during a demonstration in Tel Aviv in the year 2002

closest chair; I can’t describe my feelings at

87 | 2248 |

‫ ﺭ ﹺ‬n./adj. pl. ‫ ﺭﻭﺱ‬Russian ‫ﻭﺳ ﹼﻲ‬ ‫ﹸ‬ ‫ﹸ‬ ‫ ﺑﻞ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺣﺮﺑﺎ‬،‫ﺃﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﱂ ﺗﻜﻦ ﻓﻴﺘﻨﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﺳﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﻌﻴﺪﺓ ﱂ ﺗﺆﺛﺮ ﺳﻮ￯ ﺳﻄﺤﻴﺎ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻟﺮﺃﻱ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺴﻮﻓﻴﻴﺘﻲ‬Afghanistan was not the Russian Vietnam, rather it was a distant war which

‫ ﹶﻭ ﹾﺻﻒ‬n. description, portrayal, characterization; n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻭﺻﺎﻑ‬characteristic, ‫ ﺑﹺﻮ ﹺ ﹺ‬in his capacity as (chairman, trait; ‫ﺻﻔﻪ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹾ‬ minister, etc.)

when he saw the courage of one of the young

1491

‫ ﹸﻣ ﹶﺮ ﱠﺷﺢ‬adj. nominated, selected; expected, prepared, slated; (most) likely; n. pl. -uun

insist that the rockets killed some innocent

1490

‫ ﹶﺃﻛﹾﻞ‬vn. eating; consuming; n. food, meal ‫ ﻓﻼ ﺭﻏﺒﺔ ﱄ ﰲ ﺍﻷﻛﻞ ﺍﻵﻥ‬،‫ — ﺗﻐﺪﻭﺍ ﺃﻧﺘﻢ‬Go ahead and eat lunch, I have no desire to eat now

because of the unavailability of prepared, valid

1489

‫ ﹶﺃﻣﺎﻥ‬n. safety, security, protection ‫ﻛﻞ ﺳﻴﺎﺩﺗﻚ ﻟﻘﻤﺔ ﴎﻳﻌﺔ ﺛﻢ ﺍﻧﴫﻑ ﰱ ﺃﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﷲ ﺇﱃ‬ ‫ — ﻣﻮﻋﺪﻙ‬Eat a quick bite, Your Excellency, 97 | 1991 |

of transporting the wounded was delayed

88 | 2220 |

‫ ﹶﺳ ﹼﹺﻲﺀ‬adj. bad ‫ — ﺍﺑﺘﻌﺪ ﻋﻦ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻄﺮﻳﻖ ﻷﻥ ﳖﺎﻳﺘﻪ ﺳﻴﺌﺔ‬Get off that road, since its end is bad

‫ﺗﺄﻣﻞ ﺷﻜﻠﻪ ﰱ ﺍﳌﺮﺁﺓ ﺍﳌﻮﺿﻮﻋﺔ ﰱ ﺭﻛﻦ ﺍﻟﻘﺒﻮ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺍﺳﺘﻐﺮﻕ ﰱ ﺍﻟﻀﺤﻚ‬He contemplated his

1488

‫ﻱ‬ ‫ ﹶﺟ ﱢﻮ ﹼ‬adj. air, aerial; atmospheric; climatic,

that moment; a mixture of confusion, anger and humiliation 88 | 2198 |

1498

‫ﻼﺣ ﹶﻈﺔ‬ ‫ ﹸﻣ ﹶ‬vn. observing, noticing; n. pl. -aat

note, remark, observation

only influenced Soviet public opinion in a

:‫ — ﺍﺳﻤﺤﻲ ﱄ ﺃﻥ ﺃﻗﺪﻡ ﻣﻼﺣﻈﺔ‬Permit me to

superficial manner

offer an observation:

80 | 2425 |

90 | 2141 |

Frequency index

1499

‫ ﹶﻟ ﹶﻘﺐ‬n. title; nickname ‫ﺍﳊﻘﻴﻘﺔ ﺍﺳﻤﻰ ﺭﺿﻮﺍﻥ ﺃﲪﺪ ﻟﻜﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﺪﻭ ﺃﻋﻄﻮﻧﻰ ﻟﻘﺐ‬ ‫ ﻭﰱ ﺍﻟﻐﺎﻟﺐ ﻳﺴﻤﻮﻧﻨﻰ ﺭﺿﻮﺍﻥ‬،￯‫ﺍﻟﻔﻼﺡ ﻟﺘﻤﻴﻴﺰ‬ ‫ — ﺇﻛﺴﱪﻳﺲ‬The truth is that my name is

keeps her appointments on time...How beautiful all of this is!...I’m going to get up and open the door 54 | 3557 |

Radwan Ahmad, but the Bedouin gave me the nickname “The Farmer” to distinguish me, and

1500

1501

1506

usually they call me Radwan Express 85 | 2263 |

intercommunication

‫ﺃﲤﻨﻰ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺰﺩﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺍﺻﻞ ﺑﻴﻨﻨﺎ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﻘﺒﻞ ﻭﺳﺄﻛﻮﻥ‬ ‫ — ﺩﺍﺋﲈ ﺳﻌﻴﺪﺍ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﻮﺍﺻﻞ ﻣﻌﻜﻢ‬I hope our

‫ ﹶﻣﺴﺎ ﹶﻓﺔ‬n. pl. -aat distance, interval ‫ ﻧﺤﺐ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ‬،‫ﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﻧﺴﺎﻓﺮ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺇﱃ ﻣﺴﺎﻓﺔ ﻗﺮﻳﺒﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺃﺣﺪ ﰱ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭﻧﺎ‬When we travel even a short

interaction with each other will increase in the future and I will always be happy to be in

distance, we like there to be someone waiting

touch with you

for us

85 | 2243 |

1507

‫ ﹶﻓ ﹾﻘﺮ‬n. poverty, lack of; ‫ ﹶﻓ ﹾﻘﺮ ﺍﻟﺪﹶ ﹺﻡ‬anemia ‫ﺍﻟﻮﺍﻗﻊ ﺃﻥ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﻣﻦ ﻧﺼﻒ ﺍﳌﴫﻳﲔ ﻳﻌﻴﺸﻮﻥ ﲢﺖ ﺧﻂ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻔﻘﺮ‬The fact is that more than half of all

moment 88 | 2161 |

93 | 2056 |

‫ ﺍﹺﻧﹾﺘﹺﺸﺎﺭ‬n. spreading, diffusion ‫ﺃﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﲢﺚ ﻣﻨﻈﻤﺔ ﺍﻷﻣﻦ ﻋﲆ ﻣﻨﻊ ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ ﺃﺳﻠﺤﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺪﻣﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﻣﻞ‬America urges the Security

1508

‫ﰲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳉﺰﻳﺮﺓ ﺃﻧﺸﻰﺀ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﻋﺎﳌﻲ ﻷﺑﺤﺎﺙ ﺍﻟﺰﺭﺍﻋﺔ‬ ‫ — ﰲ ﺍﻷﺭﺍﴈ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺣﻠﺔ‬On this island was build an international center for agricultural research

of mass destruction

in dry lands

85 | 2241 |

‫ ﺧﺎﺋﹺﻒ‬adj. afraid, fearful, frightened ‫ﺑﺪﺃ ﺗﻮﺗﺮ ﻭﺍﻟﺪﲥﺎ ﻳﺘﺪﺭﺝ ﺇﱃ ﺧﻮﻑ ﺣﻘﻴﻘﻲ ﻭﻫﻲ ﺗﺮﺍﻗﺐ‬ ‫— ﺍﳖﻴﺎﺭ ﺻﺤﺔ ﺍﺑﻨﺘﻬﺎ ﻭﺇﴏﺍﺭﻫﺎ ﻋﲆ ﳏﺎﺭﺑﺔ ﺍﻟﻄﻌﺎﻡ‬

‫ ﹺﺯﺭﺍ ﹶﻋﺔ‬n. agriculture, cultivation; implanting, transplanting (organ)

Organization to prevent the spread of weapons

1503

‫ ﹸﻇ ﹸﻬﻮﺭ‬n. appearance, emergence; advent ‫ﻫﻜﺬﺍ ﺻﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﻳﺘﻮﻗﻌﻮﻥ ﻇﻬﻮﺭ ﺍﻷﺳﻮﺩ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻤﻮﺭ ﰱ‬ ‫ — ﺃ￯ ﻭﻗﺖ‬Thus the people were expecting the appearance of lions and tigers at any

Egyptians live beneath the poverty line

1502

‫ﹶﻮﺍﺻﻞ‬ ‫ ﺗ ﹸ‬n. continuation, maintaining; interconnection, mutual contact;

98 | 1960 |

143

83 | 2287 |

1509

‫ ﻏ ﹶﹶﺮﺽ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃﻏﹾﺮﺍﺽ‬goal, purpose, intent; ‫( ﺃﻏﹾﺮﺍﺽ‬Lev.Irq.Gul.) things, items, personal effects

Her mother’s tension began to step up to

‫ — ﻳﻐﺎﺩﺭﻭﻥ ﺍﻷﺭﺩﻥ ﻭﻳﺄﺗﻮﻥ ﻷﻏﺮﺍﺽ ﲡﺎﺭﻳﺔ‬They

actual fear as she watched her daughter’s

are leaving Jordan and coming for commercial

health collapse and her insistence on fighting

purposes

food

94 | 2024 |

95 | 2023 |

1504

‫ ﹸﺛﻼﺛﺎﺀ‬n. ‫ ) ﹶﻳ ﹾﻮﻡ( ﺍﻟ ﹸﺜﻼﺛﺎﺀ‬Tuesday ‫— ﻳﻌﺘﱪ ﻣﺎ ﺣﺪﺙ ﻳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺜﻼﺛﺎﺀ ﺍﳌﺎﴈ ﺷﻴﺌﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﺜﻨﺎﺋﻴﺎ‬

1510

‫ — ﻗﺮﺭ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺘﺠﻨﺐ ﺍﳌﻮﺍﺟﻬﺔ ﺑﻘﺪﺭ ﺍﻹﻣﻜﺎﻥ‬He decided

He considers what happened on last Tuesday

to avoid the confrontation as much as possible

to be something exceptional

90 | 2120 |

84 | 2280 |

1505

‫ ﻣﺎ‬part. (exclamatory, with foll. elat.) how...! ‫ﺃﺣﻼﻫﺎ‬ ‫ ﻣﺎ ﹾ‬how pretty she is! ..‫ ﺣﺒﻴﺒﺘﻲ ﻣﻨﻀﺒﻄﺔ ﰲ ﻣﻮﺍﻋﻴﺪﻫﺎ‬..‫ﻫﺎ ﻫﻮ ﺟﺮﺱ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺏ‬ ‫ ﺳﺄﳖﺾ ﻷﻓﺘﺢ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺏ‬..!‫— ﻣﺎ ﺃﲨﻞ ﻫﺬﺍ ﻛﻠﻪ‬ There’s the doorbell...My girlfriend always

‫ ﺇﹺ ﹾﻣﻜﺎﻥ‬n. pl. -aat capability, ability, power;

possibility, (what is) possible

1511

‫ﺖ‬ ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺛ ﹶﺒ ﹶ‬v. IV to prove, ascertain, establish sth ‫ﻫﺬﺍ ﻳﻌﻨﻲ ﺍﻥ ﻓﲑﻭﺯ ﺃﺛﺒﺘﺖ ﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﻔﻨﺎﻥ ﻳﺴﺘﻄﻴﻊ ﺍﻥ ﻻ‬ ‫ — ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﺳﺠﲔ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ ﻭﻣﺎﺿﻴﻪ‬This means that Fairuz has proven that an artist doesn’t have to be a prisoner of himself and his past 87 | 2189 |

144

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

20 Dialect Words This is a list of the most frequent words from the dialects. Note that dialect words that have a Standard Arabic counterpart are not listed here. Dia. means all or most of the dialects. Word

‫ﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﲇ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺡ‬ ‫ﺷﻮ‬ ‫ﺑﺲ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ ﹸﻣﺶ‬/ ‫ﹺﻣﺶ‬ ‫ ﻉ‬/ ‫ﻋـ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﻑ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻪ‬ ‫ ﹶﺑﺪﹼ‬/ ‫ﺑﹺﺪﹼ‬ ‫ﺇﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻋﻢ‬ ‫ ﻫﻴﭻ‬/ ‫ﻫﻴﻚ‬ ‫ﻣﲔ‬ ‫ﻫﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﻱ‬ ‫ﻣﻮ‬ ‫ﻛﲈﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺍ‬/ ‫ﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺯﻱ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ ﻋﻠﺸﺎﻥ‬/ ‫ﻋﺸﺎﻥ‬ ‫ـﺶ‬ ‫ ﻛﺪﺍ‬/ ‫ﻛﺪﻩ‬ ‫ ﻳﺒﻲ‬/ ‫ﺑﻐﻰ ﻳﺒﻐﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺪﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﻳﺶ‬ ￯‫ﺳﻮ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺶ‬ ‫ﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺧﻼﺹ‬ ‫ ﻳﻼ‬/ ‫ ﻳﻠﻼ‬/ ‫ﻳﺎﷲ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺷـ‬ ‫ﺷﻨﻮ‬ ‫ﻋﻴﺶ‬ ‫ﻫﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ ﻭﻳﺶ‬/ ‫ﻭﺵ‬ ‫ﻫﻠﻖ‬ ‫ ﺑﻜﺮﺍ‬/ ‫ﺑﻜﺮﺓ‬

Rank

Dialects

Definition

31

Egy. Lev.

(verb marker)

112

Dia.

which

113

Dia.

to go; (future marker)

141

Lev. Kuw. Alg.

what

156

Egy. Lev. Irq. Gul.

only; but

239

Egy. Lev. Gul.

not

280

Dia.

on

282

Dia.

to see

315

Egy. Lev. Gul.

there is

344

Lev.

to wish, want

405

Egy.

what

406

Lev. Irq. Gul.

where

517

Lev.

(verb marker)

532

Lev. Irq.

like this

717

Egy. Lev.

who

725

Lev. Irq. Gul.

this

742

Lev. Gul. Irq.

a little bit

754

Irq. Gul. Lev.

not

768

Egy. Lev.

also

826

Egy.

this

897

Egy. Lev.

like

933

Egy. Lev. Gul.

because

965

Dia.

not

1000

Egy.

thus

1006

Gul.

to want, need

1032

Egy. Lev.

afterwards

1046

Dia.

to bring

1053

Lev. Gul.

what

1070

Lev. Irq. Gul.

to do

1119

Lev. Irq. Gul.

why

1232

Egy.

this (fem)

1244

Egy., Gul., Alg.

OK, that’s it

1257

Dia.

c’mon!, let’s...!

1271

Egy., Lev., Gul.

why

1364

Irq.

what

1390

Gul. Irq. Magh.

what

1408

Egy., Gul.

life, living; bread; rice

1465

Lev.

here

1629

Magh

to do, make

1695

Gul.

what

1703

Lev.

now

1810

Egy., Lev., Gul.

tomorrow

Frequency index

Word

‫ﻛﻮ ﹼﻳﺲ‬ ‫ ﺇﻧﺘﻮﺍ‬/ ‫ﺇﻧﺘﻮ‬ ‫ﻫـ‬ ‫ ﺃﻳﻮﻩ‬/ ‫ﺃﻳﻮﺍ‬ ‫ﺁﲏ‬ ‫ﺣﺪﹼ‬ ‫ ﺑﺮﻩ‬/ ‫ﺑﺮﺍ‬ ‫ ﻟﺴﺔ‬/‫ﻟﺴﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﲔ‬ ‫ﻧﺺ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺷﻠﻮﻥ‬ ‫ ﻋﺎﻭﺯ‬/ ‫ﻋﺎﻳﺰ‬ ‫ ﺑﺮﺩﻩ‬/ ‫ﺑﺮﺿﻮ‬ ‫ﺣﺪﺍ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺭﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺟﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﳊﲔ‬ ‫ﻋ ﹼﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻭ ﹼﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻟﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺘﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﺑﻘﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻛﻮ‬ ‫ ﻣﻌﻠﺶ‬/ ‫ﻣﻌﻠﻴﺶ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﻊ‬ ‫ ﺯﳌﻲ‬/ ‫ﺯﳌﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻴﺢ‬ ‫ﻋﻘﺒﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺑﻼﺵ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻮ‬ ‫ ﻫﺴﻊ‬/ ‫ ﻫﺴﺎ‬/ ‫ ﻫﺴﻪ‬/ ‫ﻫﺴﺔ‬ ‫ ﻗﺪﻳﻪ‬/‫ﻗﺪﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﺃﻑ‬ ‫ ﹼ‬/ ‫ﺃﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﺣـ‬ ‫ﻫﺪﻳﺞ‬/‫ﻫﺪﻳﻚ‬/ ‫ﻫﺪﺍﻙ‬/ ‫ﻫﺬﺍﻙ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻝ‬ ‫ ﺗﺎﻉ‬/ ‫ﻣﺘﺎﻉ‬ ‫ ﻛ ﹼﻠﺶ‬/ ‫ﻛ ﹼﻠﺶ‬ ‫ﻟﲔ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺟﻞ‬ ‫ ﺍﻣﺒﺎﺭﺡ‬/ ‫ﻣﺒﺎﺭﺡ‬ ‫ﺳﻜﹼﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﻟﻮﻗﺘﻲ‬ ‫ ﻣﻮﺏ‬/ ‫ﻣﺐ‬ ‫ﻫﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺇﺯﹼ ﺍﻱ‬

Rank

Dialects

Definition

1888

Egy., Lev.

good you (pl)

1906

Dia.

1909

Lev., Irq., Gul.

this

1927

Dia.

yes

1972

Irq., Alg.

I

2042

Egy., Lev.

someone

2054

Dia.

outside

2069

Egy., Lev., Gul.

yet, still

2177

Egy., Lev.

where

2195

Dia.

half

2277

Bah., Irq., Qat.

how

2567

Egy.

to want

2715

Egy., Lev.

also

2732

Lev.

anyone, someone

2775

Dia.

if only, I wish

2845

Gul.

very, a lot

2849

Gul.

now, right now

2951

Egy., Gul.

child

3054

Irq.

with

3119

Irq., Gul.

chat, talk

3238

Egy.

belonging to

3458

Egy.

then, so

3591

Irq., Kuw.

there is not, there are not

3601

Egy., Lev.

never mind

3627

Lev.

belonging to

3668

Lev.

guy, man

3669

Lev.

good

3688

Egy., Lev.

may it be the same for

3733

Egy., Lev., Irq., Gul.

don’t; for nothing

3747

Gul., Irq., Sud.

who

3871

Irq., Lev., Gul.

now, right away

3884

Lev.

how many, how much

4037

Lev., Irq., Gul.

ugh!

4072

Egy.

(future marker)

4131

Lev., Irq., Gul., Magh.

that (m, f )

4196

Alg.

(verbal particle)

4230

Irq., Gul.

of, for, belonging to

4283

Magh.

belonging to

4311

Irq., Gul.

very, very much

4462

Gul.

when, whenever; until

4471

Egy.

man

4481

Lev.

yesterday

4498

Lev., Gul.

to close, shut

4590

Egy.

now

4606

Gul.

not

4609

Lev.

these

4615

Egy.

how

145

146

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

Word

‫ﺧﻮﺵ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﺪﻱ‬ ‫ ﻫﺪﻭﻝ‬/ ‫ﻫﺬﻭﻝ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺵ‬ ‫ ﺍﻣﺘﻰ‬/ ‫ ﺍﻳﻤﺘﺎ‬/ ‫ﺍﻳﻤﺘﻰ‬ ‫ ﻣﻨﺸﺎﻥ‬/ ‫ﻣﺸﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻮﻥ‬ ‫ ﻧﺰﻳﻦ‬/ ‫ﺍﻧﺰﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻋﻼﺵ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﺪﺍ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻴﺢ‬ ‫ﻓﺪﹼ‬ ‫ ﻛﻴﻔﺎﻩ‬/ ‫ﻛﻴﻔﺎﺵ‬ ‫ ﺷﺎﻛﻮ‬/ ‫ﺷﻜﻮ‬ ‫ ﺟﻮﻩ‬/ ‫ﺟﻮﺍ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻫﻮﺍﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﹼﻬﺎﺭﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻨﹼﻰ ﻳﺴﺘﻨﹼﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﻄﻰ‬ ‫ﺷﻘﺪ‬ ‫ﺃﻛﻮ‬ ‫ﺑﻠﻜﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺎﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﻟﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺒﲆ‬ ‫ ﺫﻭﻝ‬/ ‫ﺩﻭﻝ‬ ‫ﻭﻟـ‬ ‫ﻛﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺪﺭ‬ ‫ ﹸﺩﻏﺮﻱ‬/ ‫ﹺﺩﻏﺮﻱ‬ ‫ﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺑ ﹼﻠﺶ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻙ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﻥ‬ ‫ ﻟﻌﺎﺩ‬/ ‫ﻟﻌﺪ‬ ‫ ﴐﻙ‬/ ‫ ﺫﺭﻙ‬/ ‫ﺩﺭﻙ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ ﺇﺑﴫ‬/ ‫ﺃﺑﴫ‬ ‫ﻟﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﻜﹼﲑ‬ ‫ ﺍﺗﻨﻴﻨﺎﺕ‬/ ‫ﺍﺛﻨﻴﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻛﻴﲈ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻉ‬

Rank

Dialects

Definition

4660

Irq.

good

4784

Lev.

this (fem)

4831

Lev., Irq., Gul.

these

4835

Magh., Alg.

what, which

4849

Lev., Egy.

when

4863

Lev.

for the sake of; so that

4864

Magh.

who

4893

Gul.

good

4905

Magh.

why

4907

Lev.

this (mas)

4921

Lev., Alg.

good

4929

Irq.

one

4941

Magh.

how, how come

4953

Irq., Kuw.

what? what is there?

4957

Lev., Irq., Egy.

inside

4963

Irq.

a lot, very much

4969

Egy.

today

4973

Dia.

to wait for

4974

Irq.

to give

4979

Irq.

how many, how much

4980

Irq., Kuw., Bah.

there is, there are

4986

Lev., Irq.

maybe, perhaps

4990

Lev.

money

5080

Lev.

then, so

5214

Lev.

yes

5395

Egy., Lev., Irq., Gul.

these, those

5616

Lev.

hey

5666

Alg.

when; like, as

5671

Alg.

to talk, speak

5718

Lev.

straight

5722

Irq., Gul.

next to, near

5753

Lev.

to start, begin

5764

Alg.

only, just

5773

Irq., Kuw.

how

5807

Irq., Lev.

so, then, well; but, otherwise

5840

Alg.

now

5852

Egy., Lev.

number

5886

Irq., Gul.

also

5921

Sau., Yem.

very, a lot

5925

Lev.

maybe, perhaps; I wonder

5931

Dia.

LOL (laughing out loud)

5963

Lev.

all of; in its entirety

6033

Alg.

so, therefore, then

6072

Lev.

early

6085

Irq., Lev.

both of

6111

Alg.

as, like

6129

Alg.

all, every

Frequency index

Word

‫ﺃﺷﻮ‬ ‫ ﺃﺵ‬/ ‫ﺁﺵ‬ ‫ ﻣﻴﺶ‬/ ‫ﻣﻮﺵ‬ ‫ ﺯﻋﻤﺔ‬/ ‫ﺯﻋﲈ‬ ‫ ﻭﻟﻮ‬/ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻮ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺵ‬ ‫ ﻣﺎﻋﻠﻴﻬﺶ‬/ ‫ﻣﺎﻋﻠﻴﺶ‬ ‫ﻛﻮﰊ‬ ‫ﻫﻜﹼﺔ‬ ‫ ﺑﺰﺍﻑ‬/ ‫ﺯﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻙ‬ ‫ ﻗﺪﹼ ﺍﺵ‬/ ‫ﻗﺪﹼ ﺍﻩ‬

1512

Rank

Dialects

Definition

6346

Irq.

it seems, it appears that; OK what

6382

Magh.

6491

Alg.

not

6527

Alg.

so then; really?; uh

6558

Magh.

nothing

6560

Magh.

so, so that; in order to

6655

Alg.

he’s OK

6657

Alg.

to hang up (the phone)

6685

Alg., Tn

like this, thus

6763

Magh.

very, a lot, many

6801

Alg.

now

6854

Alg.

how many, how much

‫ ﺍﹺ ﹾﻧ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻘ ﹶﻞ‬v. VIII to move, transfer; ‫ﺍﹺ ﹾﻧ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻘ ﹶﻞ ﺇﱃ ﹶﺭ ﹾﲪ ﹺﹶﺔ ﺍﷲﹺ‬ ‫ ﺗﹶﻌﺎ ﹶﱃ‬to die ‫ﻟﻘﺪ ﺗﺮﻙ ﺩﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﻣﻜﺎﻧﻪ ﺃﻣﺎﻡ ﳎﺪ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﻋﲆ ﻳﺴﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﺔ‬ ‫— ﻭﺍﻧﺘﻘﻞ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻴﻤﲔ ﻳﻄﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻓﺬﺓ ﳐﻠﻮﺏ ﺍﻟﺮﺷﺪ‬

1516

Dumyan left his place in front of Magd Al-Din

‫ﺃﻛﺪ ﰲ ﻣﺆﲤﺮ ﺻﺤﻔﻲ ﺣﺮﺹ ﺍﳌﻠﻚ ﻭﺍﳊﻜﻮﻣﺔ ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ — ﲢﺴﲔ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﻮ￯ ﺍﳌﻌﻴﴚ ﻟﻸﺭﺩﻧﻴﲔ‬He

on the left of the car and moved to the right

emphasized in a press conference the King’s

looking out the window, enchanted

and the government’s determination to

‫ ﹶﺩ ﱠﻝ‬v. I (u) to point ‫ ﻋﲆ‬at sth; to indicate, ‫ ﻋﲆ ﹶﺃ ﱠﻥ‬that ‫ ﻭﺑﻴﺎﺽ ﺑﴩﺓ ﺃﺫﺭﻋﻬﻢ‬،‫ﺇﻥ ﲪﺮﺓ ﻭﺟﻮﻩ ﺍﳉﻨﻮﺩ‬ ‫ ﺗﺪﻝ ﻋﲆ ﺃﳖﻢ ﺟﻨﻮﺩ ﱂ ﻳﺮﻭﺍ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺮﺍﺀ ﻣﻦ‬،‫ﻭﺳﻴﻘﺎﳖﻢ‬ ‫ — ﻗﺒﻞ‬The redness of the faces of the soldiers, serve as proof

improve the Jordanians’ standard of living 87 | 2166 |

1517

‫ ﹺﺣﻴﻨﹶﲈ‬conj. when, while ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺍﻗﻲ ﻻ ﻳﺸﻌﺮ ﺣﻴﻨﲈ ﻳﺄﰐ ﻭﻳﺰﻭﺭ ﺍﻷﺭﺩﻥ ﺍﻧﻪ ﻏﺮﻳﺐ‬ ‫ — ﻋﻦ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺒﻠﺪ‬The Iraqi, when he comes and visits Jordan, does not feel that he is a

and the whiteness of the skin of their arms

stranger to this country

and legs, indicate that they are soldiers who

87 | 2171 |

have not seen the desert before 88 | 2156 |

1514

‫ ﹺﺣ ﹾﺮﺹ‬n. desire, keenness, eagerness; ‫ ﹺﺣ ﹾﺮﺻ ﹰﺎ ﻋﲆ‬out of concern for, for the sake of

89 | 2125 |

1513

147

1518

‫ ﹶﻭﻛﹺﻴﻞ‬n. representative, agent ‫ﻭﻛﻴﻞ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺣﺔ ﰲ ﻛﻨﺪﺍ ﺣﺘﻰ ﻭﻗﺖ ﻗﺮﻳﺐ ﻫﻮ‬ ‫ — ﻋﺮﰊ ﺍﻷﺻﻞ‬The assistant minister of tourism

‫ ﹶﻟ ﹾﺤﻢ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﳊﹸﻮﻡ‬meat, flesh ‫ﺃﻧﺎ ﻣﻦ ﳊﻢ ﻭﺩﻡ ﺃﻣﺎﻣﻚ ﻟﻜﻦ ﺭﻭﺣﻲ ﳏﺒﻮﺳﺔ ﻛﺄﳖﺎ ﰲ‬ ‫ — ﻗﱪ‬I am of flesh and blood before you but my soul is trapped as if it were in a tomb

in Canada until just recently was of Arab origin

94 | 1999 |

93 | 2041 |

1515

‫ ﺁﻟﹺ ﱠﻴﺔ‬n. pl. -aat mechanism, machine; vehicle,

vessel

‫ﻳﺒﻘﻰ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﴐﻭﺭﺓ ﻣﻠﺤﺔ ﻟﻮﺿﻊ ﺁﻟﻴﺔ ﻓﺎﻋﻠﺔ ﻭﺩﺍﺋﻤﺔ‬ ‫ — ﻟﺘﻨﻔﻴﺬ ﺑﻨﻮﺩ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻧﻮﻥ‬There is a pressing need

1519

‫ ﹸﻣﺘﹶﺨﹶ ﱢﺼﺺ‬adj. specialized; n. pl. -uun

specialist

‫ﻋﻘﺪ ﺩﻭﺭﺍﺕ ﻭﻭﺭﺵ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻣﺘﺨﺼﺼﺔ ﰲ ﳎﺎﻝ ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻷﺯﻣﺎﺕ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﺍﺕ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﺤﺔ‬He held sessions and specialized workshops in the area

to put in place an effective and permanent

of crisis management in cooperation with the

mechanism to carry out the provisions of this law

armed forces

77 | 2446 |

83 | 2258 |

148

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

1520

‫ ﹶﺗ ﹶﻠ ﱠﻘﻰ‬v. V to receive, get ‫ ﺗﻠﻘﻴﺖ ﺇﻧﺬﺍﺭﺍ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻴﺎ ﻣﻦ‬..￯‫ﺃﻧﺎ ﺃﻳﻀﺎ ﰱ ﻣﺸﻜﻠﺔ ﻛﱪ‬ ‫ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﺩﺭﺟﺎﺗﻰ ﺍﻧﺨﻔﺾ ﺑﺸﺪﺓ‬..‫ — ﺍﳉﺎﻣﻌﺔ‬I also

1526

have a big problem...I received a legal warning

he turns right, and then goes forward about fifty

from the university...my average grades have

steps, after which he should find a big rock

fallen drastically

97 | 1925 |

88 | 2134 |

1521

‫ ﹶﺟﻼ ﹶﻟﺔ‬n. majesty; (in titles) ‫ ﹶﺟﻼ ﹶﻟﺔ ﺍ ﹶﳌ ﹺﻠﻚ‬His

1527

‫ﻭﺻﻞ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺪ ﻣﺎﻳﻠﺰ ﻻﻣﺒﺴﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﺴﻔﲑ ﺍﻟﱪﻳﻄﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺩﻣﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻟﻨﺪﻥ ﳌﻘﺎﺑﻠﺔ ﺟﻼﻟﺔ ﺍﳌﻠﻚ ﺑﻘﴫ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳌﻨﺘﺰﻩ‬Mr Miles Lambson, British

97 | 1941 |

to meet His Majesty the King in the

‫ ﺍﹺ ﹾﻣﺘﹺﺤﺎﻥ‬n. pl. -aat examination, test; trial ٥٠ ‫ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻧﺠﺤﺖ ﰲ ﺍﻻﻣﺘﺤﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺳﺄﻋﻄﻴﻚ‬:‫ﺍﻷﺏ ﻻﺑﻨﻪ‬ ‫ — ﺩﻳﻨﺎﺭﺍ‬The father to his son: if you succeed

Muntazah Palace

in the exams I’ll give you 50 dinar

64 | 2944 |

95 | 1970 |

1528

ambassador, arrived, coming from London,

‫ ﺑﹺﻨﹾ ﹶﻴﺔ‬and ‫ ﹸﺑﻨﹾ ﹶﻴﺔ‬n. pl. ‫ﻨﻰ‬ ‫ ﹸﺑ ﹰ‬, ‫ﻨﻰ‬ ‫ ﺑﹺ ﹰ‬structure; make-up, ‫ ﺑﹺﻨﹾﻴﺔ ﹾ ﹶ ﹺ‬infrastructure physique; ‫ﲢﺘ ﱠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺭﻫﺎﺏ ﳛﺎﻭﻝ ﴐﺏ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﻴﺔ ﻭﴐﺏ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺒﻨﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺘﻴﺔ ﻭﺇﺭﺑﺎﻙ ﺟﻬﺎﺯ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﺔ‬Terrorism

1529

teaching assistant in the College of Medicine, and is studying in America, and he will obtain

the infrastructure, and to confuse the state

a doctorate

apparatus

94 | 2001 |

91 | 2058 |

‫ ﹶﲢ ﹺﹾﺴﲔ‬vn. improving, enhancing, bettering; n.

1530

‫ ﲡﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﺎﻝ‬..‫ﻗﺮﺭﻭﺍ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻌﻮﺩﻭﺍ ﻟﻴﺤﺼﺪﻭﺍ ﻗﻤﺤﻬﻢ‬ ‫ — ﰲ ﺍﳌﻘﺪﻣﺔ ﻭﺧﻠﻔﻬﻢ ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺎﺀ‬They decided to

‫ﻳﻌﻤﻞ ﻋﲆ ﺗﻄﻮﻳﺮ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ ﺑﻨﻔﺴﻪ ﻭﲢﺴﲔ ﻇﺮﻭﻓﻪ‬ ‫ — ﻗﺪﺭ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﻄﺎﻉ‬He is working on developing

return to harvest their wheat...the men gathered

himself by himself and improving his

at the front, and behind them the women

circumstances as much as possible

92 | 2031 |

83 | 2250 |

‫ﹴ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﻨﻰ‬ ‫ ﹶﻣ ﹾﺒ ﹰ‬n. pl. ‫( ﹶﻣﺒﺎﻥ‬def. ‫ ) ﹶﻣﺒﺎﲏ‬building, edifice;

1531

‫ ﹶﻓ ﹾﺮﻉ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﻓ ﹸﺮﻭﻉ‬branch, department, subdivision, section

structure

‫ﻋﺎﺋﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻘﺎﺩ ﳍﺎ ﻓﺮﻭﻉ ﻫﺎﺟﺮﺕ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﺴﻮﺩﺍﻥ ﻭﺍﺳﺘﻘﺮﺕ‬ ‫ — ﲠﺎ ﻭﻻ ﺗﺰﺍﻝ ﺗﻌﻴﺶ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻡ‬Aqqad’s family

‫ﻳﻜﻔﻰ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻌﺮﻑ ﺭﻗﻢ ﺃ￯ ﻣﺒﻨﻰ ﻟﺘﺼﻞ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ‬ ‫ — ﺑﺴﻬﻮﻟﺔ‬It is enough that you know the

has branches that emigrated to the Sudan and

number of any building to be able to reach

settled in it, and still live there today

it easily

95 | 1977 |

86 | 2195 |

1525

‫ ﹸﻣ ﹶﻘﺪﱢ ﹶﻣﺔ‬n. pl. -aat preface, introduction; front part

improvement, enhancement

1524

‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﺐ‬ ‫ ﻃ ﹼ‬n. medicine, medical treatment ،‫ﻭﺍﻷﻫﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻣﺪﺭﺱ ﻣﺴﺎﻋﺪ ﰱ ﻛﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻄﺐ‬ ‫ ﻭﺳﻮﻑ ﳛﺼﻞ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻟﺪﻛﺘﻮﺭﺍﻩ‬،‫— ﻭﻳﺘﻌﻠﻢ ﰱ ﺃﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ‬ More important than that is that he is a

tries to hit the political operation and to hit

1523

‫ ﹶﺃ ﹶﻫ ﱠﻢ‬v. IV to concern sb; to be important to sb ‫ — ﻣﺎﺫﺍ ﻟﻮ ﻣﺎﺕ؟ ﻫﻞ ﳞﻢ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺃﺣﺪﺍ؟‬What if he died? Does that concern anyone?

Majesty, the King

1522

‫ ﹶﺧ ﹾﻤ ﹸﺴﻮﻥ‬num. fifty; fiftieth ‫ ﺛﻢ ﻳﺘﻘﺪﻡ ﻧﺤﻮ ﲬﺴﲔ ﺧﻄﻮﺓ‬،‫ﻣﻦ ﻫﻨﺎ ﻳﺴﺘﺪﻳﺮ ﻳﻤﻨﺔ‬ ‫ — ﻳﻨﺒﻐﻲ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻘﻊ ﺑﻌﺪﻫﺎ ﻋﲆ ﺣﺠﺮ ﻛﺒﲑ‬From here

.‫ — ﻭﻓﺘﺢ ﻓﻤﻪ ﺩﻭﻥ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ ﺷﻴﺌﺎ‬And he opened

‫ ﹶﻣ ﹺﺼﲑ‬n. path, destiny, fate ‫ ﻓﻘﻠﻘﺔ ﻋﲆ‬،‫ ﺃﻣﺎ ﺍﻵﻥ‬..‫ﻛﻨﺖ ﻗﻠﻘﺔ ﻋﲆ ﻣﺼﲑ ﻭﺍﻟﺪﻱ‬ ‫ — ﺻﺤﺘﻪ ﻓﻘﻂ‬I was worried about my father’s

his mouth without saying a thing

fate...but now I am worried only about his health

83 | 2264 |

88 | 2117 |

‫ ﹶﻓﻢ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃﻓﻮﺍﻩ‬mouth

1532

Frequency index

1533

‫ ﹶﺳﻠﹺﻴﻢ‬adj. correct, sound; flawless; safe ‫ﺃﻫﻢ ﻣﺎ ﳚﺐ ﻓﻌﻠﻪ ﺍﻵﻥ ﻫﻮ ﺍﻻﺳﱰﺍﺣﺔ ﻟﻨﺘﻤﻜﻦ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺘﻔﻜﲑ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻴﻢ‬The most important thing

he thought about giving it to the Sheikh of the tribe, since there would be more benefit in that than in eating it

that must be done now is to rest, so we will

86 | 2150 |

be able to think clearly 93 | 2013 |

1534

1540

‫ ﺗ ﹾﹶﺮﺗﹺﻴﺐ‬n. pl. -aat preparation, arrangement,

putting in order; organization, planning

‫ ﺳﻌﻴﺪ ﻳﺴﺎﻋﺪﻩ‬،‫ﻋﺼﻤﺖ ﻳﻌﻴﺪ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﺍﻟﺸﻘﺔ ﰲ ﴎﻋﺔ‬

1541

‫ ﰲ‬in sth/sb ‫— ﻧﺮﻏﺐ ﰲ ﴍﺍﺀ ﻛﻞ ﺍﳌﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺘﻮﻓﺮ ﰲ ﺍﳌﻨﻄﻘﺔ‬ requirements)

93 | 1993 |

We want to buy all the metal that is available in the region

‫ ﹶﻣ ﹾﺒ ﹸﺮﻭﻙ‬adj. blessed, happy; interj. !‫ﱪﻭﻙ‬ ‫ﹶﻣ ﹾ ﹸ‬ congratulations! (‫ ﻋﲆ‬on/for); !‫ﱪﻭﻙ‬ ‫ﹶﺃ ﹾﻟﻒ ﹶﻣ ﹾ ﹸ‬

!‫ ﻟﻘﺪ ﺍﺳﺘﻄﻌﺖ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺍﺀﺓ‬،‫ — ﻣﱪﻭﻙ‬Congratulations,

84 | 2198 |

1542

66 | 2831 | +for

broadly cultured man who possesses a wealth of information

‫ ﹸﻣ ﹾﻄ ﹶﻠﻖ‬adj. absolute, unlimited; ‫ﹸﻣ ﹾﻄ ﹶﻠﻘ ﹰﺎ‬

87 | 2117 |

absolutely

‫ — ﰲ ﺃﻣﲑﻛﺎ ﻟﻚ ﺍﳊﻖ ﺍﳌﻄﻠﻖ ﰲ ﺃﻻ ﺗﺪﱄ ﺑﺸﻬﺎﺩﺗﻚ‬In America you have the full right not to be a

1543

(a ticket)

88 | 2114 |

‫ — ﻋﻠﻴﻬﲈ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺘﻌﺎﻭﻧﺎ ﻋﲆ ﻗﻄﻊ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳋﻴﻂ‬They need to cooperate in cutting this thread

‫ ﹶﻧ ﱠﻔ ﹶﺬ‬v. II to implement, carry out, execute ‫ — ﺃﺭﺟﻮ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻨﻔﺬ ﻭﻋﺪﻙ ﻭﲤﻨﺤﻨﻲ ﻣﻜﺎﻓﺄﰐ‬I hope you will fulfill your promise and grant me my reward

90 | 2046 |

1544

88 | 2106 |

1538

‫ — ﺍﺣﺘﻔﻠﺖ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺎ ﺑﺬﻛﺮ￯ ﻭﻓﺎﺓ ﺃﺗﺎﺗﻮﺭﻙ‬Turkey celebrated the anniversary of the death of Ataturk

for us

87 | 2112 |

1545

doctrines of the three heavenly (revealed) religions only? Or does it include all religious

86 | 2123 |

89 | 2088 |

1539

the watermelon, and while he was going back

‫ ﹸﺳ ﹸﻘﻮﻁ‬n. fall, downfall, collapse; crash (aircraft) ‫ﺃﺩ￯ ﺳﻘﻮﻁ ﺻﻮﺍﺭﻳﺦ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﻳﻮﺕ ﺇﱃ ﺇﺻﺎﺑﺔ ﺳﺒﻌﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺇﴎﺍﺋﻴﻠﻴﲔ‬Rockets falling on Krayot led to the wounding of seven Israelis

doctrines?

‫ ﹶﻗ ﹺ‬tribe ‫ ﹶﻗﺒﹺﻴ ﹶﻠﺔ‬n. pl. ‫ﺒﺎﺋﻞ‬ ‫ﲪﻞ ﺍﻟﺒﻄﻴﺨﺔ ﻭﰱ ﻋﻮﺩﺗﻪ ﻓﻜﺮ ﺃﻥ ﳞﺪﳞﺎ ﺇﱃ ﺷﻴﺦ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻘﺒﻴﻠﺔ ﻓﻔﻰ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻓﺎﺋﺪﺓ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻛﻠﻬﺎ‬He carried

‫ ﹶﻭﻓﺎﺓ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻓﻴﺎﺕ‬death; ‫ ﺍﻟﻮﻓﺎﻳﺎﺕ‬obituaries (newspaper section)

‫ ﹶﺣ ﹾﺴﺐ‬n. sufficiency, enough; ‫ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺤ ﹾﺴﺐ‬and ‫ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺣ ﹾﺴﺐ‬adv. only; ‫ ﹶﺣ ﹾﺴ ﹸﺒﻨﺎ ﺍﷲ‬God is sufficient ‫ﻫﻞ ﺗﻘﺘﴫ ﺍﻟﺪﻋﻮﺓ ﻋﲆ ﺍﺣﱰﺍﻡ ﻋﻘﺎﺋﺪ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﲈﻭﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﻼﺙ ﻓﺤﺴﺐ؟ ﺃﻡ ﺗﺸﻤﻞ ﺍﻟﻌﻘﺎﺋﺪ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ — ﲨﻴﻌﺎ؟‬Is the call limited to respecting the

‫ ﹶﻗ ﹾﻄﻊ‬vn. breaking off, interruption; ‫ﹶﻗ ﹾﻄﻌ ﹰﺎ‬ absolutely; vn. traversing (a distance); issuing

witness against yourself

1537

‫ ﺗ ﹶﹶﻤﺘ ﹶﱠﻊ‬v. V to enjoy ‫ ﺏ‬sth, be blessed ‫ ﺏ‬with ‫ ﺏ‬with (qualities) ‫ — ﻳﺘﻤﺘﻊ ﺑﺜﻘﺎﻓﺔ ﻭﺍﺳﻌﺔ ﻭﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﻏﺰﻳﺮﺓ‬He’s a sth; to possess, be endowed

you were able to read!

1536

‫ ﺗ ﹶﹶﻮ ﱠﻓ ﹶﺮ‬v. V to be plentiful; to be available ‫ ﻝ‬for

sb; to be met, fulfilled (conditions,

Said helps him

many congratulations!

‫ ﺃﻭﻛﻲ‬and ‫ ﺃﻭﻛﻴﻪ‬/’okey/ (Dia.) interj. OK ‫ — ﺃﻭﻛﻲ ﻳﻼ ﻧﺒﺪﺍ‬OK, let’s start 28 | 6505 | +spo

— Ismat rearranges the apartment quickly, and

1535

149

1546

‫ ﺭ ﹺ‬scent, odor, perfume ‫ ﺭﺍﺋﹺ ﹶﺤﺔ‬n. pl. ‫ﻭﺍﺋﺢ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫— ﻛﺎﻥ ﺃﻧﻴﻘﺎ ﻛﺎﻟﻌﺎﺩﺓ ﺗﻔﻮﺡ ﻣﻨﻪ ﺭﺍﺋﺤﺔ ﻋﻄﺮ ﻓﺎﺧﺮ‬ He was elegant, as usual, the smell of luxurious perfume coming from him 83 | 2204 |

150

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

1547

‫ ﹶﻓ ﹼﻌﺎﻟﹺ ﱠﻴﺔ‬n. effectiveness, efficiency; ‫ﹶﻓ ﹼﻌﺎﻟﹺ ﹼﻴﺎﺕ‬

events, activities

‫ﺗﱰﻗﺐ ﺍﳌﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﺣﺎﻟﻴﺎ ﺑﺪﺀ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﺑﻄﻮﻟﺔ ﻛﺄﺱ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﱂ‬

‫ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺮ ﹶﺽ‬v. I (i) to impose sth ‫ ﻋﲆ‬on sb; to ‫ ﹶﺃ ﱠ‬that assume ‫ﻥ‬ ‫— ﻻ ﳚﻮﺯ ﻟﻚ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻔﺮﺽ ﺃﻱ ﴐﻳﺒﺔ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺐ‬

— The city is currently waiting for the

You should not impose any tax on the

beginning of the activities for the World

people

Cup Championship

88 | 2080 |

1554

76 | 2399 |

1548

‫ ﹺ‬n. (ministry) interior, of state ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻠﹺ ﱠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺎ ﺍﻧﺎﺷﺪ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺪ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺍﻟﺪﺍﺧﻠﻴﺔ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻋﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﳌﺴﺆﻭﻟﲔ‬ ‫— ﻋﻦ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳉﺮﻳﻤﺔ ﺣﺘﻰ ﻳﻜﻮﻧﻮﺍ ﻋﱪﻩ ﻟﻐﲑﻫﻢ‬

1555

and he couldn’t stand still

I exhort you, Mr Minister of the Interior, to

89 | 2049 |

execute those responsible for this crime so that they will be a lesson to others 73 | 2496 |

1549

1556

‫ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﺪﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﻮﺩﺍﺀ ﺍﳌﺨﻄﻄﺔ ﺍﺷﱰﺍﻫﺎ ﺧﺼﻴﺼﺎ‬ ‫ — ﻟﻼﺣﺘﻔﺎﻝ ﺑﻌﻴﺪ ﻣﻴﻼﺩ ﺯﻳﻨﺐ‬He bought this

‫ ﹶﻋﺪﺍ ﹶﻟﺔ‬n. justice, fairness ،‫ﻟﻦ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﻵﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺣﺪ ﻓﻮﻕ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﺍﻟﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻌﺪﺍﻟﺔ ﺳﺘﻄﻮﻝ ﺍﳉﻤﻴﻊ‬No one will be above

striped black suit especially for celebrating Zaynab’s birthday 86 | 2113 |

81 | 2249 |

1551

‫ ﺟﺎﺭ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹺﺟﲑﺍﻥ‬neighbor ‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻮﻗﺖ ﻏﺮﻭﺑﺎ ﻭﻣﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻣﺎﻡ ﺟﲑﺍﻧﻪ ﻭﺃﻫﻠﻪ ﺩﻭﻥ ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ — ﳛﻴﻲ ﺃﺣﺪﺍ ﻭﺩﻭﻥ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺸﻌﺮ ﲠﻢ‬The time was

1557

prominent outstanding students in the College

and family without greeting anyone and

of Medicine in Tanta, and she has a superb

without being aware of them

intelligence

96 | 1903 |

81 | 2238 |

‫ ﻭ ﹺ‬document; certificate; title, ‫ ﹶﻭﺛﹺﻴ ﹶﻘﺔ‬n. pl. ‫ﺛﺎﺋﻖ‬ ‫ﹶ‬

1558

‫ ﺇﻧﻪ ﻳﺮﻳﺪﻙ‬..‫ﻣﻦ ﻳﻌﻤﻞ ﻣﻌﻪ ﺳﻴﻄﻠﻊ ﻋﲆ ﻭﺛﺎﺋﻖ ﺧﻄﲑﺓ‬ ‫ — ﻷﻧﻪ ﻳﺜﻖ ﺑﻚ‬Whoever works with him will become familiar with dangerous documents... he wants you because he trusts you

‫ ﺍﻟﻐﺮﻳﺐ‬..￯‫ﺗﻘﺪﻡ ﻧﺤﻮ￯ ﻭﻭﺿﻊ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺪ ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺪ￯ ﰱ ﻳﺪ‬ ‫ — ﺃﻧﻨﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺴﻠﻤﺖ ﻟﻪ ﲤﺎﻣﺎ‬He advanced towards

‫ﻼﻣﺔ‬ ‫ ﹶﻋ ﹶ‬n. pl. -aat mark, indication, sign; point ‫— ﻗﺪ ﺑﺪﺕ ﻋﲆ ﻣﻼﳏﻪ ﻋﻼﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺐ ﻭﺍﳌﺮﺽ‬

me and placed the iron fetter on my hand... The strange thing is that I surrendered

Signs of tiredness and illness appeared upon

completely to him

his features

86 | 2114 |

96 | 1897 |

‫ ﹶﺗﻨ ﹺﹾﺴﻴﻖ‬n. coordination, collaboration ‫ﻫﻞ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺗﻨﺴﻴﻖ ﺑﲔ ﺳﻠﻄﺎﺕ ﺍﻷﻣﻦ ﰲ ﺑﻼﺩﻧﺎ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺳﻠﻄﺎﺕ ﺃﳌﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﴩﻗﻴﺔ؟‬Is there any

‫ ﹶﻗ ﹾﻴﺪ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﻗ ﹸﻴﻮﺩ‬restriction, condition, stipulation; fetter, chain, shackle; ‫ﹶﻗ ﹾﻴﺪﹶ‬ undergoing, in the process of; ‫ﹶﻗ ﹾﻴﺪﹶ ﺍﻹﻧﹾﺸﺎﺀ‬ ‫ ﻋﲆ ﹶﻗ ﹾﻴ ﹺﺪ ﹶ‬alive; under construction; ‫ﺍﳊﻴﺎﺓ‬ ‫ ﻻ ﹶﻗﻴﺪﹶ ﹸﺃﻧﹾﻤ ﹶﻠﺔﹴ‬not one iota, not an inch; ‫ﹾ ﹸ‬ (leg.) register, record

84 | 2184 |

1553

‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺑ ﹶﺮﺯ‬elat. more/most prominent ‫ ﻭﻫﻰ ﺗﺘﻤﺘﻊ‬،‫ﻫﻲ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺑﺮﺯ ﺍﳌﺘﻔﻮﻗﲔ ﰱ ﻛﻠﻴﺔ ﻃﺐ ﻃﻨﻄﺎ‬ ‫ — ﺑﺬﻛﺎﺀ ﺧﺎﺭﻕ‬She is one of the most

sunset, and he passed in front of his neighbors

deed; paper, record

1552

‫ ﺍﹺ ﹾﺣﺘﹺﻔﺎﻝ‬vn. celebrating; n. pl. -aat celebration, ceremony

justice, after today, justice will reach everyone

1550

‫ ﹶﺑﻘﺎﺀ‬n. survival; vn. remaining, staying ‫ﺃﺣﺲ ﺃﻥ ﺟﺴﺪﻩ ﻳﺸﺎﺭﻛﻪ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﺡ ﻓﻠﻢ ﻳﺴﺘﻄﻊ ﺍﻟﺒﻘﺎﺀ ﰱ‬ ‫ — ﻣﻜﺎﻧﻪ‬He felt that his body shared his joy,

1559

‫ ﹺﺣﻜ ﹶﹾﻤﺔ‬n. wisdom; pl. ‫ ﹺﺣﻜﹶﻢ‬wise saying, proverb, moral

‫— ﺑﻘﻠﻴﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳊﻜﻤﺔ ﻳﻌﻮﺩ ﻛﻞ ﺷﻰﺀ ﺇﱃ ﻣﻜﺎﻧﻪ‬

coordination between the security authorities in

With a little wisdom, everything will return

our country and the East German authorities?

to its place

81 | 2263 |

92 | 1963 |

Frequency index

1560

‫ ﻓﹺ ﹾﺘﻨﹶﺔ‬n. pl. ‫ ﻓﹺﺘﹶﻦ‬charm, allure, enchantment;

1566

dissent, unrest; riot, rebellion

‫ﺃﻧﺎ ﺃﻋﺮﻑ ﺃﻧﻚ ﺭﺟﻞ ﺻﺎﻟﺢ ﻻ ﺗﻔﺮﻕ ﺑﲔ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ‬ ‫ ﻟﻜﻦ ﺃﻭﻻﺩ ﺍﳊﺮﺍﻡ ﳛﺒﻮﻥ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺸﻌﻠﻮﺍ ﻧﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻔﺘﻨﺔ‬،‫ﻭﻗﺒﻄﻲ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺧﺼﻮﺻﺎ ﰱ ﺍﻷﺣﻴﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻔﻘﲑﺓ ﻣﺜﻞ ﺣﻴﻨﺎ‬I know

foreign tourism goes, this period is considered the beginning of the European and American tourist seasons

distinguish between a Muslim and a Copt, but

87 | 2071 |

those bad guys love to set the fire of conflict, 1567

neighborhood 86 | 2104 |

1561

‫ ﻣ ﹺﺴ ﹺ‬n./adj. Christian ‫ﻴﺤ ﹼﻲ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ ﺃﻧﺎ‬..‫ ﺻﻠﻴﺐ ﰱ ﻋﻨﻘﻚ‬..‫ﺃﻧﺎ ﺃﻋﺮﻑ ﺃﻧﻚ ﻣﺴﻴﺤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ — ﻣﺴﻠﻢ‬I know that you are Christian...a cross around your neck...I am a Muslim

you to go out and stand in the street 88 | 2043 |

1568

a huge iron door opening, causing a creaking

telephone

sound

‫ — ﺍﻧﺎ ﺣﺎﺩﻳﻜﻰ ﻧﻤﺮﺓ ﺗﻠﻔﻮﻥ ﺍﻳﻔﻮﻥ ﺩﻟﻮﻗﺘﻰ‬I will give

98 | 1838 |

you Yvonne’s telephone number now

1563

1569

‫ﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬v. I (u) to visit sb or a place ‫ﻗﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﺮﺋﻴﺲ ﺍﻟﻘﱪﴆ ﺗﺎﺳﻮﺱ ﺑﺎﺑﺎ ﺩﻭﺑﻠﻮﺱ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ‬ ‫ﻳﺰﻭﺭ ﻣﴫ ﺣﺎﻟﻴﺎ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻴﺪﺓ ﻗﺮﻳﻨﺘﻪ ﺑﺰﻳﺎﺭﺓ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﺔ ﺍﻷﻫﺮﺍﻡ‬ ‫ — ﻭﻣﺮﺍﻛﺐ ﺍﻟﺸﻤﺲ‬The Cypriot president

be one thousand seven hundred dollars 85 | 2112 |

currently, and his wife, visited the Pyramids 97 | 1857 |

1564

1570

‫ ﻫﺎﺋﹺﻞ‬adj. great, huge, formidable; frightful,

‫ ﹺ‬adj. university ‫ﺟﺎﻣ ﹺﻌ ﹼﻲ‬ ‫ﲣﲆ ﻋﻦ ﺩﺭﺍﺳﺘﻪ ﺍﳉﺎﻣﻌﻴﺔ ﻭﻫﻮ ﻳﻜﺘﺸﻒ ﻋﺒﺜﻴﺔ ﺗﻜﺪﻳﺲ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺸﻬﺎﺩﺍﺕ‬He abandoned his university studies when he discovered the absurdity of

appalling

accumulating degrees

‫ ﻟﻮ ﲢﻘﻘﺖ‬..‫ﺷﻌﺒﻨﺎ ﻳﻤﺘﻠﻚ ﺇﻣﻜﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻫﺎﺋﻠﺔ‬ ‫— ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻤﻘﺮﺍﻃﻴﺔ ﺳﺘﺼﺒﺢ ﻣﴫ ﺑﻠﺪﺍ ﻗﻮﻳﺎ ﻣﺘﻘﺪﻣﺎ‬ Our people possess amazing resources...if

‫ ﹶﺭ ﹾﺳﻢ‬vn. drawing, sketching, illustrating; n. pl. ‫ ﹸﺭ ﹸﺳﻮﻡ‬picture, drawing; tax, fee ‫ﺣﺴﺐ ﺍﳉﺪﻭﻝ ﻟﺪﻱ ﻓﺎﻥ ﺭﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﳼ‬ ‫ — ﺳﺘﻜﻮﻥ ﺃﻟﻔﺎ ﻭ ﺳﺒﻌﲈﺋﺔ ﺩﻭﻻﺭ‬According to my schedule, the fees for the academic year will

Tassos Papadopoulos who is visiting Egypt area and the Sun Boat

‫ ﹶﺛ ﹺﻘﻴﻞ‬adj. heavy, cumbersome ‫ ﺛﻢ ﺻﻮﺕ ﺑﺎﺏ‬،‫ﺳﻤﻌﺖ ﺻﻮﺕ ﻭﻗﻊ ﺃﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺛﻘﻴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺣﺪﻳﺪﻱ ﺿﺨﻢ ﻳﻔﺘﺢ ﳏﺪﺛﺎ ﴏﻳﺮﺍ‬I heard the sound of heavy footsteps, then the sound of

‫ ﺗﻠﻴﻔﻮﻥ‬and ‫ ﺗﻠﻔﻮﻥ‬/talifoon, tilifoon/ n. pl. -aat

41 | 4380 | +spo

‫ ﹸﻭ ﹸﻗﻮﻑ‬n. standing, stopping, halting ‫ ﺃﻓﻀﻞ ﻟﻜﻢ ﺍﳋﺮﻭﺝ‬،‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﻮﺕ ﺗﻨﻬﺎﺭ ﰱ ﻛﺮﻣﻮﺯ ﻭﲥﺘﺰ ﻫﻨﺎ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺍﻟﻮﻗﻮﻑ ﰱ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺭﻉ‬The houses are falling in Karmouz and are shaking here, it is better for

85 | 2124 |

1562

‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﻴﺎﺣﺔ‬ ‫ ﺳ ﹶ‬n. tourism ‫ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﻟﻠﺴﻴﺎﺣﺔ ﺍﻻﺟﻨﺒﻴﺔ ﺗﻌﺘﱪ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻔﱰﺓ ﻫﻲ ﺑﺪﺍﻳﺔ‬ ‫ — ﻣﻮﺳﻢ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺣﺔ ﺍﻻﻭﺭﻭﺑﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻻﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴﺔ‬As far as

that you are a good man who does not

especially in the poor areas like our

151

89 | 2009 |

1571

democracy is achieved Egypt will become

‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺷ ﹶﺒ ﹶﻪ‬v. IV to resemble, look like, be similar to sth/sb

a strong, advanced country

‫ — ﺗﻄﺒﺦ ﺑﻄﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﳑﺘﺎﺯﺓ ﺗﺸﺒﻪ ﻃﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﺃﻣﻲ ﲤﺎﻣﺎ‬She

88 | 2044 |

cooks in an excellent way that resembles my mother’s way exactly

1565

‫ ﹸﻣ ﹶﺆ ﱠﺧﺮ‬n. rear, end, back; balance (of a payment); ‫ ﹸﻣﺆﹶ ﱠﺧﺮ ﹰﺍ‬recently, lately; finally,

85 | 2102 |

‫— ﱂ ﻳﻤﺖ ﺇﻻ ﻣﺆﺧﺮﺍ ﰲ ﻋﺎﻣﻪ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﺣﺪ ﻭﺍﻟﺜﲈﻧﲔ‬

‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﺐ‬ ‫ ﹶﺗ ﹶﻄ ﱠﻠ ﹶ‬v. V to require, demand sth (‫ ﻣﻦ‬from sb) ‫ — ﱂ ﻳﻜﻦ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﻳﺘﻄﻠﺐ ﺍﻟﻜﺜﲑ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﻔﻜﲑ‬The

He died only recently in his eighty-first year

matter did not require a great deal of thought

81 | 2228 |

85 | 2116 |

in the end

1572

152

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

1573

‫ ﺗ ﹾﹶﻮ ﹺﺟﻴﻪ‬vn. directing, guiding, sending; n. pl.

1580

Satan

-aat instruction, guideline, directive

1574

1575

‫ﺣﺬﺭ ﺟﻼﻟﺘﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻥ ﺗﻮﺟﻴﻪ ﴐﺑﺔ ﺍﱃ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺳﻮﻑ‬ ‫ — ﻳﻔﺠﺮ ﺍﻟﻮﺿﻊ ﺍﻻﻗﻠﻴﻤﻲ ﺑﺮﻣﺘﻪ‬His majesty

‫ ﻣﺶ ﺯﻱ‬. ‫ﻫﻮ ﺷﻴﻄﺎﻥ ﺍﻧﺠﻠﻴﺰﻱ ﻓﺎﻫﻢ ﺷﻐﻠﻪ ﻛﻮﻳﺲ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺸﻴﻄﺎﻥ ﺍﳌﴫﻱ ﺍﻟﲇ ﻛﻨﺖ ﺑﺎﻋﺮﻑ ﺃﻗﺎﻭﻣﻪ‬He is

warned that directing a strike at Iran would

an English devil who understands his work

explode the entire regional situation

very well, not like the Egyptian devil who

86 | 2083 |

I knew how to resist

‫ ﹶﺣ ﱠﻂ‬v. I (u) to put, place, set down; a.p. (Dia.) ‫ ﹼ‬, (Lev.) ‫ﺣﺎﻃﹺﻂ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻁ‬ ‫ ﺃﺣﻂ ﻓﻠﻮﺱ ﰱ‬،‫ﺑﻜﺮﻩ ﺑﻘﻰ ﺣﺎﺭﻭﺡ ﺃﴏﻑ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﻚ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺒﻨﻚ ﻭﺃﺩ￯ ﳌﺎﻣﺘﻚ ﺍﳌﺘﲔ‬Tomorrow, then,

87 | 2044 | +lit +for

I will go cash the check; I’ll put money in the

‫ ﹶﻗﺘﹺﻴﻞ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﻗﺘ ﹶﹾﲆ‬casualty, dead/killed person ‫ ﺷﺨﺼﺎ ﺳﻘﻄﻮﺍ‬٥٧ ‫ﺫﻛﺮﺕ ﺍﻟﻮﻛﺎﻟﺔ ﰲ ﻭﻗﺖ ﺳﺎﺑﻖ ﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﺘﲆ ﰲ ﺛﻼﺛﺔ ﺗﻔﺠﲑﺍﺕ ﻭﻗﻌﺖ ﺑﺎﻟﻌﺎﺻﻤﺔ ﺍﻻﺭﺩﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫ — ﻣﺴﺎﺀ ﺍﻣﺲ‬The agency previously mentioned

bank and give your mother the two hundred

that fifty-seven persons were killed in three

58 | 3065 | +spo

explosions which took place in the Jordanian

‫ﺐ‬ ‫ ﹶﺣ ﹼ‬coll.n. grain, seed(s); un.n. ‫ ﹶﺣ ﱠﺒﺔ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺣ ﹼﺒﺎﺕ‬, ‫ ﹸﺣ ﹸﺒﻮﺏ‬grain, seed; pill; bead ‫ — ﳖﺾ ﺑﺒﻂﺀ ﻭﺍﺑﺘﻠﻊ ﺣﺒﺔ ﺍﳌﻨﻮﻡ‬He got up slowly

1581

capital yesterday evening 84 | 2122 |

1582

and swallowed a sleeping pill 94 | 1894 |

1576

1577

1578

‫ ﹶﺷ ﹾﻮﻕ‬n. desire, yearning ‫ — ﻻ ﻳﺒﺪﻭ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺷﻮﻕ ﻟﴚﺀ ﺳﻮ￯ ﻛﺄﺳﻪ‬He doesn’t

‫ ﺍﹺ ﹾﺳﺘﹺﻔﺎ ﹶﺩﺓ‬n. benefiting ‫ ﹺﻣﻦ‬from, making ‫ﹺ‬ use ‫ ﻣﻦ‬of ،‫ﺗﻜﻠﻤﺖ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺇﻣﻜﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﺓ ﻣﻦ ﲡﺮﺑﺘﻬﲈ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺍﻟﻮﻗﻮﻑ ﺇﱃ ﺟﺎﻧﺒﻬﲈ ﰲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳌﺤﻨﺔ ﺍﳌﻮﺳﻤﻴﺔ‬She talked about the possibility of benefiting from their experience, and standing beside them in

seem to have passion for anything but his cup

this seasonal ordeal

79 | 2248 |

83 | 2150 |

‫ ﹶﺩ ﹺﻗﻴﻖ‬adj. precise, accurate; minute, micro-; delicate

‫— ﳛﺎﻭﻝ ﺗﻮﺻﻴﻞ ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺔ ﺍﻟﺪﻗﻴﻘﺔ ﺇﱃ ﺗﻼﻣﻴﺬﻩ‬

‫ ﺍﹺ ﹾﺳﺘﹺ ﹾﻘﺒﺎﻝ‬n. reception; receiving, welcoming ‫ﺗﺬﻛﺮﺕ ﺃﻥ ﻟﺪﻳﻪ ﰱ ﻣﻜﺘﺐ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻘﺒﺎﻝ ﺷﺎﺷﺔ‬ ‫— ﺗﻜﺸﻒ ﺃﻣﺎﻣﻪ ﺍﳌﺒﻨﻰ ﻛﻠﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺪﺍﺧﻞ‬

He is trying to get precise information over

I remembered that he had in the reception

to his students

office a screen that shows right in front of

87 | 2049 |

him the whole building from the inside

1583

87 | 2034 |

‫ ﹸﻣ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻘﺪﱢ ﻡ‬adj. advanced, developed; n. applicant ‫ﺃﺭﻳﺪ ﺃﻥ ﺃﺳﺎﻋﺪ ﺍﳌﺮﴇ ﺍﻟﻔﻘﺮﺍﺀ ﻭﺃﻧﻘﻞ ﺇﱃ ﻣﴫ ﺗﻘﻨﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳉﺮﺍﺣﺔ ﺍﳌﺘﻘﺪﻣﺔ‬I want to help the poor sick,

‫ ﹶﻭ ﹾﺭﺩ‬coll.n. roses, flowers; un.n. ‫ ﹶﻭ ﹾﺭ ﹶﺩﺓ‬, pl. ‫ ﹸﻭ ﹸﺭﻭﺩ‬, ß ‫ﹶﻭ ﹾﺭﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺭﻭﺍ ﳚﻮﻟﻮﻥ ﰲ ﺳﻴﺎﺭﺍﲥﻢ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺸﻮﺍﺭﻉ ﻣﺴﺘﻮﻗﻔﲔ ﻛﻞ‬ ‫ — ﻓﺘﺎﺓ ﲨﻴﻠﺔ ﻟﻴﻘﺪﻣﻮﺍ ﳍﺎ ﻭﺭﺩﺓ ﲪﺮﺍﺀ‬They started

and bring to Egypt advanced surgical

to drive around in their cars in the streets,

techniques

stopping every pretty girl to offer her a red

86 | 2063 |

rose

‫ ﹺﺯ ﹺ‬adj. agricultural, farming ‫ﺭﺍﻋ ﹼﻲ‬ ‫ﻧﺤﻦ ﰲ ﺍﻷﺭﺩﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻓﻘﺮ ﺩﻭﻝ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﱂ ﰲ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ‬ ‫ ﻣﻦ ﳎﻤﻮﻉ ﻣﺴﺎﺣﺎﲥﺎ‬%١ ‫ ﻓﻬﻲ ﻻ ﺗﺸﻜﻞ‬،‫— ﺍﻟﺰﺭﺍﻋﻴﺔ‬

88 | 2022 |

(person submitting an application); a.p.

1584

applying, seeking (job position or admission)

1579

‫ ﹶﺷ ﹾﻴﻄﺎﻥ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺷﻴﺎﻃﹺﲔ‬devil; ‫ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﻄﺎﻥ‬the Devil,

We in Jordan are among the poorest countries

‫ ﹺ‬adj. eighth (ordinal) ‫ﺛﺎﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺎﻟﻴﻞ ﺗﺘﻢ ﻣﺎﺑﲔ ﺍﻷﺳﺒﻮﻉ ﺍﳋﺎﻣﺲ ﻋﴩ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺍﻷﺳﺒﻮﻉ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻣﻦ ﻋﴩ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳊﻤﻞ‬These tests

in the world in agricultural land, since it

take place between the fifteenth and

represents less than 1% of the total area

eighteenth weeks of pregnancy

79 | 2265 |

95 | 1870 |

1585

Frequency index

1586

‫ ﹶﻣﺪﱠ‬v. I (u) to extend, stretch sth; to spread

1593

out, stretch out sth

‫ — ﺍﺑﺘﺴﻢ ﻭﻣﺪ ﻳﺪﻩ ﻣﺼﺎﻓﺤﺎ‬He smiled and

￯‫ﻮ‬ ‫ ﹶﻫ ﹰ‬n. love, affection; inclination, preference; desire, wish; ‫ ﻋﲆ ﹶﻫﻮﺍ ﹸﻩ‬as he likes, according to his preference

‫ ﻭﻻ ﻳﺼﻐﻴﺎﻥ ﺇﱃ ﳘﺲ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ‬،￯‫ﻳﻐﺮﻗﺎﻥ ﰲ ﺑﺤﺮ ﺍﳍﻮ‬ ‫ — ﻭﻧﻘﺪﻫﻢ ﻭﺃﻗﻮﺍﳍﻢ‬They are drowning in the

stretched out his hand in greeting 98 | 1809 | +lit

1587

153

sea of love, and they are not listening to the

‫ ﹶﻇﻼﻡ‬n. darkness; injustice ‫— ﺃﻏﻠﻘﺖ ﻧﻮﺭ ﺍﳊﺠﺮﺓ ﻭﺩﻟﻔﺖ ﰱ ﺍﻟﻈﻼﻡ ﺇﱃ ﻓﺮﺍﺷﻬﺎ‬

whispers of the people or their criticism or talk

Noor closed the room and slipped in the dark

83 | 2103 | +lit

to her bed 86 | 2055 | +lit

1588

1594

‫ ﹶﺫﻫﺎﺏ‬n. going; leaving, departure; first half (game, match)

‫ ﹸﻣﻮﺍ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻘﺔ‬n. agreement; approval ‫— ﺇﻧﻨﺎ ﻻ ﻧﺴﺘﻄﻴﻊ ﺃﻥ ﻧﱪﻡ ﺃﻣﺮﺍ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻘﺔ ﺟﻼﻟﺘﻪ‬

‫ﻟﻘﺪ ﻗﺮﺭ ﰱ ﺍﻟﺼﺒﺎﺡ ﺍﻟﺬﻫﺎﺏ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﺮ ﺍﻟﺬ￯ ﻋﺮﻑ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻄﺮﻳﻖ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ‬He decided in the morning to go

We cannot conclude anything without the

to the monastery that he knew the way to

agreement of his majesty

89 | 1970 |

84 | 2094 |

1589

‫ ﹺﺳﻴﺎﻕ‬n. context, course ‫— ﻭﰲ ﺳﻴﺎﻕ ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺚ ﺃﺧﱪﻫﺎ ﻛﻴﻒ ﺭﺁﻫﺎ ﻷﻭﻝ ﻣﺮﺓ‬

1595

number

‫ﻻ ﻳﺴﺘﻄﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﺒﻘﺎﺀ ﰱ ﺍﻹﺳﻜﻨﺪﺭﻳﺔ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﻣﻦ ﻟﻴﻠﺔ ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ — ﻛﺜﺮﺓ ﺷﻮﻗﻪ ﻟﺰﻭﺟﺘﻪ‬He can’t stay in Alexandria

In the course of the conversation he informed her how he saw her for the first time

more than one night in spite of his great

78 | 2264 |

1590

‫ ﹶﺩ ﹾﺭﺏ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﺩ ﹸﺭﻭﺏ‬path, pathway, trail, road ‫ ﻭﺑﻌﺪ ﺩﻗﺎﺋﻖ ﻗﻠﻴﻠﺔ ﺍﺳﺘﻄﺎﻋﺎ ﺃﻥ‬..‫ﺳﺎﺭﺍ ﰲ ﺩﺭﺏ ﺿﻴﻖ‬ ‫— ﻳﺘﺒﻴﻨﺎ ﻣﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﴏﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﲥﺠﻊ ﺑﲔ ﺍﻟﺘﻼﻝ‬

longing for his wife 95 | 1843 |

1596

They walked along a narrow road...and after a few minutes they were able to make out the city of Nazareth which slumbered among

under the shade of a tree

86 | 2043 | +lit

‫ ﹸﺩﻋﺎﺀ‬n. call, appeal, request; invocation ‫ﻭﻟﻘﺪ ﻛﺎﻥ ـ ﺻﲆ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ـ ﻳﻜﺜﺮ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪﻋﺎﺀ ﺍﱃ ﺍﷲ ـ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ـ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺪﻳﻢ ﻋﲆ ﺃﻣﺘﻪ‬ ‫ — ﻧﻌﻤﻪ‬He, may peace be upon him, used

‫ ﹺ‬adj. calm, quiet, peaceful; ‫ﺍ ﹸﳌ ﹺﺤﻴﻂ‬ ‫ﻫﺎﺩﺉ‬ ‫ﺍﳍﺎﺩﻱ‬/‫ ﺍﳍﺎﺩﺉ‬the Pacific Ocean ‫ ﻭﲢﺖ ﻇﻞ‬،‫ ﳜﺘﺎﺭ ﻣﻜﺎﻧﺎ ﻫﺎﺩﺋﺎ‬،‫ﳜﺮﺝ ﻣﻦ ﻛﺎﺑﻴﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ — ﺷﺠﺮﺓ ﻳﺘﻤﺪﺩ‬He comes out of the steering cabin, chooses a calm place, and stretches out

the hills

1591

‫ ﹶﻛ ﹾﺜ ﹶﺮﺓ‬n. abundance, large amount, great

97 | 1798 |

1597

‫ ﹺﺣ ﹾﻔﻆ‬vn. saving, preserving, maintaining; protecting, guarding; memorizing

‫ﺷﺎﺭﻛﻮﺍ ﰲ ﻗﻮﺍﺕ ﺣﻔﻆ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﺑﻘﻴﺎﺩﺓ ﺣﻠﻒ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻷﻃﻠﴘ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺒﻮﺳﻨﺔ ﻭﻛﻮﺳﻮﻓﻮ‬They

to pray a lot to God, may He be exalted,

participated in the peacekeeping forces

that He would continue to show grace to

under the leadership of the Atlantic

his nation

Alliance in Bosnia and Kosovo

79 | 2229 | +for

86 | 2017 |

1592

‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺭ ﹶﺳ ﹶﻞ‬v. IV to send, transmit (‫ )ﺏ‬sth ‫ ﺇﱃ‬to sb ‫ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺍﳌﺪﺭﺳﺔ ﻗﺪ ﺃﺭﺳﻠﺖ ﺧﻄﺎﺑﺎ ﺇﱃ ﻭﺍﻟﺪﻫﺎ‬ ‫ — ﲣﱪﻩ ﺑﻐﻴﺎﲠﺎ ﺍﳌﺘﻜﺮﺭ‬The school sent a letter

1598

‫ ﹶ‬n. pl. -aat screen; computer monitor ‫ﺷﺎﺷﺔ‬ ‫ﺿﻐﻄﺖ ﺍﺳﻤﻰ ﻋﲆ ﺷﺎﺷﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﻤﺒﻴﻮﺗﺮ ﻓﻈﻬﺮﺕ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬I clicked on my name on the

to her father informing him of her repeated

computer screen, and the information

absences

appeared

89 | 1976 |

94 | 1860 |

154

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

1599

1600

‫ ﹶﺷ ﹺﺮﻳﻚ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﺷ ﹶﺮﻛﺎﺀ‬partner, associate ‫ﺑﺎﻉ ﺍﻟﴩﻛﺔ ﻟﻠﺸﻴﺦ ﺷﺎﻫﲔ ﺍﳌﺮﺍﻏﻲ ﻭﺩﺧﻞ ﻣﻌﻪ ﴍﻳﻜﺎ‬ ‫ — ﺑﺎﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺑﺜﻠﺚ ﺍﻷﺭﺑﺎﺡ‬He sold the company to

1606

Sheikh Shahin Al-Muraghi and entered into a

are not showing on any of them; some of

partnership with him to work for a third of the

them came with all their make-up and

profits

elegance

96 | 1813 |

89 | 1952 |

‫ ﹶﻣ ﹾﺤﺪﹸ ﻭﺩ‬adj. limited; determined ‫— ﺃﻣﺎﻛﻦ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻴﺎ ﻋﻨﺪﻧﺎ ﳏﺪﻭﺩﺓ ﻛﲈ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻮﻥ‬

1607

Slots for graduate study at this institution are limited, as you know

‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺩ ﹶﺧ ﹶﻞ‬v. IV to insert, introduce, include sth ‫ ﰲ‬/‫ ﺇﱃ‬in ‫ﺃﺩﺧﻞ ﺫﺭﺍﻋﻴﻪ ﰲ ﺍﳉﺎﻛﺖ ﺑﺼﻌﻮﺑﺔ ﻭﱂ ﻳﻌﺪ ﺑﻤﻘﺪﻭﺭﻩ ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ — ﳛﺮﻛﻬﲈ‬He put his arms in the jacket with

then it goes away for a few days to come back continuously 87 | 1984 |

1608

‫ﺃﺣﻴﺎﻧﺎ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻳﺒﺪﻭ ﻟﻨﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺘﺎﺑﻌﺔ ﺗﻘﺎﺭﻳﺮ ﺍﳌﻔﺎﻭﺿﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﲡﺮﻱ ﺃﻥ ﺍﳊﺮﻛﺎﺕ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺩﺍﺭﻓﻮﺭ ﻧﻔﺴﻬﺎ ﻏﲑ ﻣﺘﻔﻘﺔ ﻓﻴﲈ‬ ‫ — ﺑﻴﻨﻬﺎ‬Sometimes it seemed to us from

99 | 1760 |

1603

‫ﻔﺎﻭ ﹶﺿﺔ‬ ‫ ﹸﻣ ﹶ‬n. pl. -aat negotiation, discussion, talk

difficulty, and was no longer able to move them

1602

‫ﻏﺎﺏ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬v. I (i) to be absent (‫ ﻋﻦ‬from); to set (sun) ‫ ﻋﻦ‬on ‫ ﺛﻢ ﻳﻐﻴﺐ ﺃﻳﺎﻣﺎ ﻟﻴﻌﻮﺩ ﻣﺘﺼﻼ‬،‫ﺍﳌﻄﺮ ﻻ ﻳﻨﻘﻄﻊ ﻟﻌﺪﺓ ﺃﻳﺎﻡ‬ — The rain does not stop for several days,

94 | 1848 |

1601

‫ ﻣ ﹺ‬n. pl. features, characteristics ‫ﻼﻣﺢ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ ﺑﻌﻀﻬﻦ ﺟﺌﻦ‬،‫ﻻ ﺗﺒﺪﻭ ﻋﲆ ﺃﻱ ﻣﻨﻬﻦ ﻣﻼﻣﺢ ﺍﳊﺰﻥ‬ ‫ — ﺑﻜﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﻟﺰﻳﻨﺔ ﻭﺍﻷﻧﺎﻗﺔ‬Features of sadness

‫ ﺗﹶﺒﺎ ﹸﺩﻝ‬n. exchange, interchange ‫ﻳﺴﻬﻢ ﰲ ﺗﺒﺎﺩﻝ ﺍﻟﺮﺃﻱ ﺑﲔ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺩﺓ ﻭﺍﳌﺴﺆﻭﻟﲔ ﺣﻮﻝ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻘﻀﺎﻳﺎ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺮﺍﻫﻨﺔ‬He participates in the

following the reports of the negotiations which were taking place that the movements

exchange of opinions among leaders and

inside Darfur itself are not agreed among

officials about the current Arab problems

themselves

85 | 2038 |

71 | 2418 |

‫ ﹺﺳﻴﺎ ﹶﺩﺓ‬n. sovereignty, supremacy; ‫ ﺳﻴﺎﺩﺗﻪ‬His Excellency

1609

‫ ﺗﹶﺪﹾ ﹺﻣﲑ‬n. destruction, demolition; wrecking, ruining, damaging

‫ ﻭﺳﻮﻑ‬،‫ﺳﻴﺎﺩﺓ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻮﻥ ﻳﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﺠﻮﻟﺔ ﺗﻔﺘﻴﺸﻴﺔ‬ ‫ — ﻳﻤﺮ ﻋﻠﻴﻜﻢ‬His Excellency the Minister of

‫ — ﺍﳖﻢ ﻳﺮﻳﺪﻭﻥ ﺗﺪﻣﲑﻙ ﻭﺗﺪﻣﲑ ﺳﻤﻌﺘﻚ‬They want to destroy you and destroy your

Prisons is making an inspection tour, and he

reputation

will pass by you

84 | 2059 |

81 | 2133 |

1604

‫ ﹶﺭ ﹾﻣﺰ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﺭ ﹸﻣﻮﺯ‬symbol, sign, emblem; symbolic

1610

figure; (computer) icon; (telephone, postal)

(laboratory) test

code; indicator; vn. symbolizing, indicating,

‫ — ﺗﺴﻠﻤﺖ ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻡ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﺔ ﲢﻠﻴﻞ ﺩﻣﻲ‬Today

pointing (‫ ﺇﱃ‬to); dialing (phone number)

I received the results of my blood test

‫— ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳌﻘﱪﺓ ﺭﻣﺰ ﻟﻠﻤﻮﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻀﺎﻝ ﻭﺍﳌﻌﺎﻧﺎﺓ ﻭﺍﳌﺴﺘﻘﺒﻞ‬

86 | 1998 |

This graveyard is a symbol of death and struggle and suffering and of the future 88 | 1973 |

1605

‫ ﹶﺿ ﹾﺮ ﹶﺑﺔ‬n. pl. -aat blow, strike; shot ‫ ﱂ ﻳﺮﺩ ﺍﻟﴬﺑﺔ ﳌﺠﺪ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ‬،‫ ﱂ ﳛﺘﺞ‬،‫— ﱂ ﻳﺒﺪ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺔ‬ He did not exhibit any resistance, he did not

‫ ﺗ ﹾﹶﺤﻠﹺﻴﻞ‬vn. dissolution, dissolving; legalizing ‫ﹺ‬ (making sth ‫ﺣﻼﻝ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬Halal); n. pl. ‫ ﹶﲢﺎﻟﻴﻞ‬analysis,

1611

‫ ﹶﺩ ﹾﻭﻡ‬n. continuance, continuation; ‫ﹶﺩ ﹾﻭﻣ ﹰﺎ‬ always

‫ﻻﺣﻈﺖ ﺃﻥ ﻋﻴﻨﻴﻪ ﺗﻌﻜﺴﺎﻥ ﺩﻭﻣﺎ ﺗﻌﺒﲑﺍ ﺳﺎﺧﺮﺍ‬ ‫ — ﻭﻛﺄﻧﻪ ﻳﺸﺎﻫﺪ ﺷﻴﺌﺎ ﻣﺴﻠﻴﺎ‬I noticed that his eyes always reflect a sarcastic expression as

protest, he did not return Magd Al-Din’s blow

if he were looking at something funny

97 | 1775 |

89 | 1934 |

Frequency index

1612

‫ ﹶﻭ ﹶﻟﺪﹶ‬v. I (i) to bear, give birth to (child); (pass.) ‫ ﹸﻭﻟﹺﺪﹶ‬to be born ‫ ﻭﻫﻲ ﻓﺘﺎﺓ ﺭﻭﺳﻴﺔ ﺍﻷﺻﻞ ﻭﻟﺪﺕ‬،‫ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻰ ﺑﺰﻭﺟﺘﻪ‬ ‫ ﻭﺑﻘﻲ ﻣﻌﻬﺎ‬،‫ — ﰲ ﻓﻠﺴﻄﲔ‬There he met his wife,

The committee for protection from raids under the leadership of the governor of the city met and decided to increase the number of fire stations to three

and she was a young girl of Russian origin who

81 | 2122 |

was born in Palestine, and he stayed with her 1616

96 | 1795 |

1613

‫ ﹶﺷ ﹺﺮﻳﻂ‬n. tape, strip, ribbon ‫ﻭﺿﻌﺖ ﻟﻪ ﺍﻟﴩﻳﻂ ﻭﺍﺳﺘﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻴﻪ ﻛﺎﻣﻼ ﻣﻦ ﺩﻭﻥ ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ — ﻳﻨﺒﺲ ﺑﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬She put in the tape for him,

be visible; to seem, look, appear to be

‫( ﻣﺪﺭﺳﺔ‬١٥٧) ‫ﺑﲔ ﺍﻥ ﻋﺪﺩ ﺍﳌﺪﺍﺭﺱ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺑﻌﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﺪﻳﺮﻳﺔ‬ — He made it clear that the number of schools belonging to the directorate was 157

saying a word

schools

97 | 1777 |

94 | 1820 |

‫ ﻣﺴﺘ ﹺ‬adj. impossible ‫ﹶﺤﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﹸ ﹾ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺲ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﺤﻴﻞ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻘﻊ ﰱ ﺍﻟﻐﺪ ﻣﺎ ﻭﻗﻊ ﺑﺎﻷﻣﺲ‬

1617

‫ ﹸﻣﺮﺍ ﹶﻗ ﹶﺒﺔ‬n. surveillance, monitoring;

censorship; observation, inspection;

— It is not impossible for what happened

supervision, oversight

yesterday to happen tomorrow

‫ ﻭﻗﺪ ﺍﺑﺘﻌﺪ ﻋﻨﻲ‬،‫ﺃﻣﻀﻴﺖ ﺳﻨﺔ ﲢﺖ ﺍﳌﺮﺍﻗﺒﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻣﺔ‬ ‫— ﺍﻷﺻﺪﻗﺎﺀ ﺍﳌﻘﺮﺑﻮﻥ ﺣﻔﺎﻇﺎ ﻋﲆ ﺳﻼﻣﺘﻬﻢ‬

97 | 1766 |

1615

‫ ﹶﺑ ﱠﹶﲔ‬v. II to clarify, explain sth; to show,

demonstrate sth; (Lev.Irq.Gul.) to appear,

and he listened to the whole thing without

1614

155

‫ ﹸﳏﺎﻓﹺﻆ‬n. governor; adj. conservative;

I spent a year under total supervision; close friends distanced themselves from me out of

a.p. preserving, protecting

‫ﺍﺟﺘﻤﻌﺖ ﳉﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﻮﻗﺎﻳﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻐﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺑﺮﺋﺎﺳﺔ ﳏﺎﻓﻆ‬ ‫ ﻭﻗﺮﺭﺕ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﺓ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺍﻹﻃﻔﺎﺀ ﺇﱃ ﺛﻼﺛﺔ‬،‫— ﺍﳌﺪﻳﻨﺔ‬

fear for their safety 89 | 1927 |

21 Female Names Ranking is from list of names and abbreviations. 99 111 126 131 178 195 201 252 254 290 345 355 359 371 384 387 393 396 397

‫ﺯﻫﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻃﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﲆ‬ ‫ﺻﺒﺎﺡ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﻨﺐ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﺋﺸﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺣﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺳﻨﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﺃﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﺳﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺧﺪﳚﺔ‬ ￯‫ﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺳﻌﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻣﻴﻨﺔ‬

Zahra

403

Fatima

408

Maryam

410

Layla

414

Sabah

417

Nour

428

Zaynab

452

Sarah

467

Ayesha

480

Ahlam

486

Sanaa

515

Reem

521

Amal

525

Salma

526

Khadija

527

Nada

533

Suad

541

Muna

546

Amina

547

‫ﻫﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺣﻨﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻳﲈﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﲑﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺯﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻧﴘ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺍﻝ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﻔﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻫﺎﻟﺔ‬ ￯‫ﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺳﻤﲑﺓ‬ ‫ﴍﻭﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﲑ‬ ‫ﻏﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﴎﻭﺭ‬

Hiba

592

Hanan

621

Iman

637

Fairuz

647

Manal

654

Mayy

661

Maha

666

Warda

680

Suzanne

687

Nancy

691

Nawal

695

Haifa

723

Hala

725

Huda

734

Samira

743

Shurouq

747

Abeer

803

Ghada

821

Surour

‫ ﻧﻮﺭﺓ‬/ ‫ﻧﻮﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻋﺰﻳﺰﺓ‬ ‫ﺳﺤﺮ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺣﻮﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻣﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺳﻤﺮ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺡ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺳﻬﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺧﻠﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺭﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﳖﻰ‬

Noura Amal Aziza Sahar Wafa’ Eve Samia Lina Samar Farah Rose Hanaa Zeina Siham Khuloud Maria Dina Nuha

156

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

1618

‫ ﹶﺗ ﹶﻔ ﱠﻀ ﹶﻞ‬v. V (usu. imperat. with foll. imperat.)

1624

zoo

please (come in, sit down, help yourself, go ahead, you first, etc.);

‫ ﺍﻟﺸﻤﺲ ﻃﺎﻟﻌﺔ‬،‫ﺟﻠﺴﺎ ﰱ ﺃﻭﻝ ﻣﻘﻌﺪ ﻗﺎﺑﻠﻬﲈ ﰱ ﺍﳊﺪﻳﻘﺔ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺍﳉﻮ ﻣﻨﻌﺶ‬They sat on the first chair they

‫ ﹶﻟ ﹾﻮ ﹶﺗ ﹶﻔ ﱠﻀ ﹾﻠﺖ‬if you would

be so kind

1619

‫ — ﺗﻔﻀﲇ ﻛﻠﻤﻲ ﺗﻔﻀﲇ ﺗﻔﻀﲇ ﻛﻠﻤﻲ‬Go ahead,

encountered in the garden, the sun shining,

speak, go ahead, go ahead, speak

the air refreshing

83 | 2067 | +spo

93 | 1836 |

‫ ﹸﻛ ﹾﺘ ﹶﻠﺔ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﻛﺘﹶﻞ‬bloc, group; mass, bulk ‫ﺷﻬﺪ ﺍﻟﺸﻬﺮ ﺍﳌﺎﴈ ﻟﻘﺎﺀﺍﺕ ﺑﲔ ﺭﺋﻴﺲ ﺍﻟﻮﺯﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﻞ ﺍﻟﻨﻴﺎﺑﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﺸﺎﻭﺭ ﻣﻌﻬﻢ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺪﻳﻞ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻮﺯﺍﺭﻱ‬Last month witnessed meetings

1625

three things in the world: their religion, their

of deputies to consult with them on the

living, and their children

ministerial change

97 | 1759 |

1626

acknowledgment, recognition, acceptance

small boy who is selling newspapers in front

I decided to admit my error...and I hereby

of the coffee house from the top of a small

announce my repentance

wooden box?

87 | 1954 |

(‫ ﺏ‬of sth)

‫ ﻭﻫﺎ ﺃﻧﺬﺍ ﺃﻋﻠﻦ ﺗﻮﺑﺘﻲ‬..‫— ﻗﺮﺭﺕ ﺍﻻﻋﱰﺍﻑ ﺑﺨﻄﺌﻲ‬

‫ ﹺ‬adj. (Dia. pl. ‫ﻣﺎﺷ ﹺﻴﲔ‬ ‫ ﹺ‬, ß‫ﻣﺎﺷﲔ‬ ‫ ) ﹺ‬going, ‫ﻣﺎﳾ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ walking; ‫( ﻣﺎﳾ‬Dia.) interj. OK, all right ‫ﹺ‬ (I agree, accept); adj. good, fine; ‫ﺃﻧﺎ ﻣﺎﳾ ﺍﳊﺎﻝ‬

1627

logic and sobriety, and you were convincing her

‫ﻓﻴﻪ ﻛﺬﺍ ﺑﻨﺖ ﺷﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﻫﻨﺎ ﻭﻫﻮ ﻣﺎﳾ ﰱ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺭﻉ ﻟﻮﺣﺪﻩ‬ ‫ — ﻛﺪﻩ‬There’s a girl that saw him here as he was walking alone in the street like this

94 | 1807 |

1628

36 | 4671 | +spo

‫ ﹸﻣﺘ ﹶﱠﻬﻢ‬adj. accused ‫ ﺏ‬of, charged ‫ ﺏ‬with, indicted ‫ ﺏ‬for; n. pl. -uun accused, suspect

‫ ﺇﹺ ﹾﺣﺴﺎﺱ‬n. feeling, sensation; sensitivity ‫ ﻟﻜﻨﻨﻲ ﺃﺗﻐﻠﺐ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬،‫— ﺍﳋﻮﻑ ﺇﺣﺴﺎﺱ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ‬

‫ﻳﺴﺘﻤﺮ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺬﻳﺐ ﺣﺘﻰ ﻳﺴﺘﺴﻠﻢ ﺍﳌﺘﻬﻢ ﻭﻳﻌﱰﻑ ﺑﲈ ﻫﻮ‬ ‫ — ﻣﻨﺴﻮﺏ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ‬The torture continues until the accused surrenders and confesses what

Fear is a natural feeling, but I have

1623

‫ ﹶﻣﻨﹾﻄﹺﻖ‬n. logic, mentality ‫— ﻛﻨﺖ ﲣﺎﻃﺒﻴﻨﻬﺎ ﺑﻤﻨﺘﻬﻰ ﺍﳌﻨﻄﻖ ﻭﺍﻟﺮﺯﺍﻧﺔ ﻭﺗﻘﻨﻌﻴﻨﻬﺎ‬ You were addressing her with the utmost

I’m doing fine

1622

‫ ﺍﹺ ﹾﻋ ﹺﱰﺍﻑ‬vn. admission, confession (‫ ﺏ‬of sth);

‫ﺑﺎﻉ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬v. I (i) to sell sth (‫ ﺏ‬for a price) ‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻮﻟﺪ ﺍﻟﺼﻐﲑ ﺍﻟﺬ￯ ﻳﺒﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻒ ﺃﻣﺎﻡ ﺍﳌﻘﻬﻰ‬ ‫ — ﻓﻮﻕ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺧﺸﺒﻰ ﺻﻐﲑ؟‬Who is the

97 | 1766 |

1621

‫ ﺍﹺ ﹾﻫﺘ ﱠﹶﻢ‬v. VIII to be interested ‫ ﺏ‬in sth; to care, be concerned ‫ ﺏ‬about sth ‫ ﺩﻳﻨﻪ ﻭﺭﺯﻗﻪ‬:‫ﺍﳌﴫ￯ ﻻ ﳞﺘﻢ ﰱ ﺍﻟﺪﻧﻴﺎ ﺇﻻ ﺑﺜﻼﺛﺔ ﺃﺷﻴﺎﺀ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺃﻭﻻﺩﻩ‬Egyptians are only interested in

between the prime minister and the blocs

80 | 2132 |

1620

‫ ﺣ ﹺ‬garden; ‫ﺣ ﹺﺪﻳﻘﺔ ﺣﻴﻮﺍﻧﺎﺕ‬ ‫ ﹶﺣ ﹺﺪﻳ ﹶﻘﺔ‬n. pl. ‫ﺪﺍﺋﻖ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶﹶ‬ ‫ﹶ‬

overcome it

is attributed to him

86 | 1968 |

84 | 2009 |

‫ ﺍﹺﻧ ﹺﹾﻔﺠﺎﺭ‬n. pl. -aat explosion, detonation ‫ﺣﻴﻨﲈ ﺍﺑﺘﻌﺪﺍ ﻛﺜﲑﺍ ﻋﻦ ﺍﳌﺤﻄﺔ ﺣﺪﺙ ﺍﻧﻔﺠﺎﺭ ﺟﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﻫﺘﺰ‬ ‫ ﻭﻓﻘﺪﺍ ﺍﺗﺰﺍﳖﲈ ﻭﺳﻘﻄﺎ‬،‫ — ﻟﻪ ﺍﳍﻮﺍﺀ‬When they got

1629

‫ ﺩﺍﺭ‬v. I (i) (Magh.) /dar, ydir/ to do, make sth; to prepare (food); (Egy.Lev.Irq.Gul.) /daar, ydiir/ to turn (one’s face, head, back);

happened which shook the air, and they lost

!‫( ﹺﺩﻳﺮ ﺑﺎ ﹶﻟﻚ‬Lev.) watch out! ‫ — ﻻﺯﻡ ﻳﺪﻳﺮﻭﺍ ﳍﺎ ﺣﻞ‬They need to make

their balance and fell

a solution for it

84 | 2021 |

92 | 1843 | +spo

quite far from the station, a huge explosion

Frequency index

1630

‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺻﻠﹺ ﹼﻲ‬adj. original, master; real, true;

1637

genuine, authentic

we can finally speak with utter candor. What

— They lost their national characteristics, their

do you want from me exactly?

original Tatar language weakened, and they

96 | 1755 |

91 | 1854 |

1638

1633

‫ — ﻻ ﺃﻋﺮﻑ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻨﺎ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺷﻖ ﻭﺍﳌﻌﺸﻮﻕ‬I don’t know which one of us is the lover, and who

suddenly, then disappear as suddenly as they

the beloved

appeared

79 | 2116 |

‫ ﹶﺻ ﹾﻔ ﹶﻘﺔ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺻ ﹶﻔﻘﺎﺕ‬deal, transaction ￯‫ﺃﻋﺮﺏ ﲪﺪﺍﻥ ﻋﻦ ﺃﻣﻠﻪ ﰲ ﺣﺼﻮﻝ ﺻﻔﻘﺔ ﺗﺒﺎﺩﻝ ﺃﴎ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺍﺳﻌﺔ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﺼﻬﺎﻳﻨﺔ‬Hamdan expressed his

1639

‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﳌﺸﻬﺪ ﺃﺳﻄﻮﺭﻳﺎ ﻣﺮﻋﺒﺎ ﺃﺷﺒﻪ ﺑﻮﺻﻒ ﺍﳉﺤﻴﻢ ﰱ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺐ ﺍﳌﻘﺪﺳﺔ‬The scene was legendarily

hope that a wide-ranging prisoner exchange

scary, close to the description of Hell in the

deal with the Zionists would happen

holy books

82 | 2058 |

87 | 1929 |

‫ ﻣ ﹺ‬method, approach; program, ‫ ﹶﻣﻨ ﹶﹾﻬﺞ‬n. pl. ‫ﻨﺎﻫﺞ‬ ‫ﹶ‬

1640

‫ﻻ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺍﻃﺎﺭﺍ ﻋﺎﻣﺎ ﻟﺘﻘﺪﻳﻢ ﺍﳌﻨﻬﺞ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﳼ‬ ‫ — ﺑﺎﻟﻜﺎﻣﻞ ﺑﻠﻐﺔ ﺃﺟﻨﺒﻴﺔ‬That is not a general

93 | 1800 |

in a foreign language 90 | 1876 |

1641

‫ﻑ‬ ‫ ﹶﺗ ﹶﻌ ﱠﺮ ﹶ‬v. V to get to know ‫ ﻋﲆ‬sb, become acquainted ‫ ﻋﲆ‬with sb; to identify ‫ ﻋﲆ‬sb ‫ﻟﻘﺪ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﺖ ﻋﲆ ﺻﺪﻳﻖ ﺑﻮﻟﻨﺪﻱ ﻣﻬﺬﺏ ﻳﻌﻤﻞ ﻣﻌﻲ ﰲ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳌﻄﻌﻢ‬I got to know a polite Polish friend

‫ ﹸ ﹾﲥ ﹶﻤﺔ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶ ﹸﲥﻢ‬accusation, charge ‫— ﻗﺒﺾ ﻋﲆ ﺳﻴﺪﺓ ﺗﺴﻤﻰ ﺑﺪﺭﻳﺔ ﺑﺘﻬﻤﺔ ﺗﻌﺪﺩ ﺍﻷﺯﻭﺍﺝ‬ A woman named Badraya was arrested with the accusation of having more than one husband 87 | 1927 |

who works with me in the restaurant 90 | 1884 | +spo

‫ﹺ ﹺ‬ ‫ ﹸﺍﳍﻨﹸﻮﺩ ﹸ‬Native ‫ﻱ‬ ‫ ﻫﻨﹾﺪ ﹼ‬n./adj. pl. ‫ ﹸﻫﻨﹸﻮﺩ‬Indian; ‫ﺍﳊ ﹾﻤﺮ‬ ‫ﹺ ﹺ‬ Americans; ‫ﻱ‬ ‫ ﹾﲤ ﹶﺮ ﻫﻨﹾﺪ ﹼ‬tamarind ‫ — ﺃﻧﺖ ﻻ ﺗﻌﱰﻑ ﺑﻮﺣﺪﺓ ﺍﻷﻣﺔ ﺍﳍﻨﺪﻳﺔ؟‬You don’t recognize the unity of the Indian nation?

framework for offering the whole curriculum

1635

‫ ﹸﻣ ﹶﻘﺪﱠ ﺱ‬adj. holy, sacred; n. ‫ ﹸﻣ ﹶﻘﺪﱠ ﺳﺎﺕ‬sacred

sites; sacred things

curriculum

1634

‫ ﹺ‬n. pl. -uun, ‫ ﻋ ﹼﹸﺸﺎﻕ‬lover, person in love; ‫ﻋﺎﺷﻖ‬ admirer, fan; enthusiast, aficionado

‫ ﹺﻣ ﹾﺜ ﹶﻠﲈ‬conj. like, as, just as ‫ — ﻳﻈﻬﺮﻭﻥ ﻓﺠﺄﺓ ﻭﳜﺘﻔﻮﻥ ﻣﺜﻠﲈ ﻇﻬﺮﻭﺍ‬They appear

86 | 1959 |

1632

‫ ﹺﺻﺪﹾ ﻕ‬n. sincerity, candor ‫ ﻣﺎﺫﺍ‬.‫ﺃﻧﺘﻈﺮ ﻋﻮﺩﺗﻚ ﻟﻨﺘﺤﺪﺙ ﺃﺧﲑﺍ ﺑﺼﺪﻕ ﻣﻄﻠﻖ‬ ‫ — ﺗﺮﻳﺪﻳﻦ ﻣﻨﻲ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺪ؟‬I await your return so

‫ ﻭﺿﻌﻔﺖ ﻟﻐﺘﻬﻢ ﺍﻟﺘﺘﺎﺭﻳﺔ‬،‫ﻓﻘﺪﻭﺍ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻣﻴﺔ ﳍﻢ‬ ‫ ﻭﴎﻋﺎﻥ ﻣﺎ ﺫﺍﺑﻮﺍ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺍﳌﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﺒﻮﻟﻨﺪﻱ‬،‫ﺍﻷﺻﻠﻴﺔ‬

quickly melted into Polish society

1631

157

1642

‫ ﹺﺟﻨ ﹺﹾﺴ ﱠﻴﺔ‬n. nationality, citizenship ‫ — ﺗﺮﻛﻬﺎ ﺑﻌﺪ ﻣﺎ ﺣﺼﻞ ﻋﲆ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻴﺔ ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴﺔ‬He

‫ ﺇﹺ ﹾﺑﺪﺍﻉ‬n. creativity, originality ‫ﺃﱂ ﻳﴫﺡ ﻟﻠﻌﺎﱂ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻮﻧﺲ ﻗﺪ ﻋﺎﻧﻘﺖ ﺍﻹﺑﺪﺍﻉ ﰲ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻈﻴﻢ‬Did he not declare to the world that Tunis had embraced creativity in organizing

left her after he obtained American citizenship

84 | 2003 |

94 | 1788 |

1636

‫ ﺍﹺ ﱢﲥﺎﻡ‬n. pl. -aat accusation, charge, indictment ‫ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﻠﺺ‬،‫ﻳﻠﺠﺄ ﺍﻟﻜﺬﺍﺏ ﺇﱃ ﺍﲥﺎﻡ ﺍﻵﺧﺮﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﻟﻜﺬﺏ‬ ‫ — ﺇﱃ ﺍﲥﺎﻡ ﺳﻮﺍﻩ ﺑﺎﻟﻠﺼﻮﺻﻴﺔ‬The liar resorts to

1643

‫ ﺣﺎ ﹼﺩ‬adj. sharp, intense ‫ﺟﺮﻋﺔ ﺍﳌﺨﺪﺭ ﺍﻟﺰﺍﺋﺪﺓ ﺃﺩﺕ ﺇﱃ ﻫﺒﻮﻁ ﺣﺎﺩ ﰱ ﻭﻇﺎﺋﻒ‬ ‫ ﺃﺭﺟﻮ ﺍﻥ ﺗﺘﻘﺒﻞ ﺗﻌﺎﺯ￯ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﺩﻗﺔ‬..‫ — ﺍﳌﺦ‬The extra dose of the drug led to a sharp drop in the

accusing others of lying, or the thief to

functioning of the brain; I hope that you will

accusing others of thievery

accept my most sincere condolences

85 | 1982 |

89 | 1885 |

158

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

1644

‫ ﺍﹺ ﹾﻣﺘﹶﺪﱠ‬v. VIII to extend, reach, spread ‫ ﺇﱃ‬to ‫ﺇﻧﻪ ﺳﺎﺣﻞ ﻣﻬﺠﻮﺭ ﲤﺘﺪ ﺧﻠﻔﻪ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺮﺍﺀ ﺇﱃ ﻣﺎ ﻻ ﳖﺎﻳﺔ‬

1651

— It is a deserted coast behind which

to solve (problem)

‫ﺣﺘﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﻔﻜﲑ ﰲ ﺇﺟﺮﺍﺀ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺟﺮﺍﺣﻴﺔ ﻟﻦ ﳛﻞ‬ ‫ — ﻣﺸﻜﻠﺘﻚ ﺍﻟﻮﳘﻴﺔ‬Even thinking about

stretches the desert more or less forever 88 | 1894 |

1645

a surgical operation will not solve your

‫ ﹾ ﹺﳏ ﹶﻮﺭ‬n. pl. ‫ ﳏ ﹺﹶﺎﻭﺭ‬axle; axis, pivot ‫ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻗﻀﻴﺔ ﻓﻠﺴﻄﲔ ﳏﻮﺭ ﺍﻫﺘﲈﻡ ﻟﻜﺜﲑ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ‬ ‫— ﻭﺍﻟﺸﻌﺮﺍﺀ ﻭﻣﺎﺩﺓ ﺩﺳﻤﺔ ﻷﻏﺎﲏ ﺍﳌﻄﺮﺑﲔ ﻭﺍﳌﻄﺮﺑﺎﺕ‬ The Palestinian issue was a focus of concern for many authors and poets, and a rich subject

imaginary problem 89 | 1851 |

1652

‫ﻣﻨﺢ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﻭﺽ ﺍﳌﻴﴪﺓ ﻃﻮﻳﻠﺔ ﺍﻷﺟﻞ ﻭﺑﻔﻮﺍﺋﺪ ﻣﺪﻋﻮﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺆﺳﺴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﻐﲑﺓ ﻭﺍﳌﺘﻮﺳﻄﺔ ﻟﺘﺤﺮﻳﻚ ﺍﻟﻌﺠﻠﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻳﺔ‬He granted easy, long-term loans,

performers 83 | 2007 |

with subsidized interest rates, to the small and

‫ ﻃﺎﺋﹺ ﹺﻔ ﹼﻲ‬adj. sectarian, factional ‫ﻻ ﻳﻮﺟﺪ ﻋﻨﺪﻧﺎ ﺍﺿﻄﻬﺎﺩ ﻭﻟﻜﻦ ﻳﻮﺟﺪ ﻋﻨﺪﻧﺎ ﻣﺸﻜﻠﺔ‬ ‫ ﻭﻓﻴﻪ ﻓﺮﻕ ﺑﲔ ﻣﺸﻜﻠﺔ ﻃﺎﺋﻔﻴﺔ ﻭﺑﲔ ﺍﺿﻄﻬﺎﺩ‬،‫ﻃﺎﺋﻔﻴﺔ‬

medium-sized firms to turn the economic wheels 86 | 1926 | +lit

— There is no persecution among us, but we do have a sectarian problem, and there is a difference between a sectarian problem and

1653

‫ ﺗﻌﺎﻣﻠﺖ ﻣﻌﻪ ﺑﺈﺧﻼﺹ‬..‫ﺃﻧﺎ ﺷﺎﻫﺪ ﻋﻴﺎﻥ ﻋﲆ ﺟﺮﺍﺋﻤﻪ‬ ‫ — ﻛﺴﺎﺋﻖ ﺧﺎﺹ‬I am an eyewitness of his

70 | 2389 |

crimes...I have dealt with him sincerely as

‫ ﺇﹺ ﹾﺻﺪﺍﺭ‬n. exporting; issuing, publication ‫ ﺭﻏﻢ ﻛﻞ ﻣﺎ‬،‫ﱂ ﻳﻮﺍﻓﻖ ﺍﻷﻣﻦ ﻋﲆ ﺇﺻﺪﺍﺭ ﺟﻮﺍﺯ ﺳﻔﺮ ﱄ‬ ‫ — ﺩﻓﻌﺖ ﻣﻦ ﺭﺷﻮﺓ‬Security did not agree to issue a passport to me, despite everything I paid in the way of bribes

a private chauffeur 88 | 1858 |

1654

80 | 2076 |

1648

emigration operations have begun from

‫ﻣﺎ ﺭﺃﻳﻚ ﻟﻮ ﻏﲑﻧﺎ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺱ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳌﺮﺓ ﻭﻣﺸﻴﻨﺎ ﻣﻌﺎ ﺑﻌﺾ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻮﻗﺖ؟‬What do you think about changing

donated money to the victims

the lesson this time, and us going for a walk together for a while?

Alexandria, and the king and princes have 86 | 1902 |

1655

96 | 1727 |

without complaining or murmuring 88 | 1887 |

‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺭ ﹶﺑ ﹸﻌﻮﻥ‬num. forty; fortieth ‫ — ﻗﴣ ﺍﻟﻌﻘﺎﺩ ﰲ ﺍﳋﺮﻃﻮﻡ ﻧﺤﻮ ﺃﺭﺑﻌﲔ ﻳﻮﻣﺎ‬Aqqad

‫ ﹺ‬adj. ninth (ordinal) ‫ﺗﺎﺳﻊ‬ ‫ ﻗﺎﻡ ﻫﺘﻠﺮ ﺑﻐﺰﻭ ﺍﻟﺪﺍﻧﲈﺭﻙ‬١٩٤٠ ‫ﰲ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺳﻊ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺑﺮﻳﻞ‬ — On the 9th of April, 1940, Hitler invaded

‫ ﹸﻣ ﹾﻨﺘ ﹶﹶﺼﻒ‬n. middle, halfway ‫ﺗﻌﻮﺩ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻌﻤﻞ ﻣﻨﺬ ﺍﻟﺼﺒﺎﺡ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﻛﺮ ﻭﺣﺘﻰ ﻣﻨﺘﺼﻒ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻠﻴﻞ ﺑﻐﲑ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺸﻜﻮ ﺃﻭ ﻳﺘﺬﻣﺮ‬He was used to working from early morning until midnight

1650

‫ ﲨ ﹺ‬adj. group, collective; common ‫ﺎﻋ ﹼﻲ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ،‫ﺑﺪﺃﺕ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﳍﺠﺮﺓ ﺍﳉﲈﻋﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻹﺳﻜﻨﺪﺭﻳﺔ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺗﱪﻉ ﺍﳌﻠﻚ ﻭﺍﻷﻣﺮﺍﺀ ﺑﺎﻷﻣﻮﺍﻝ ﻟﻠﻀﺤﺎﻳﺎ‬Mass

‫ ﻏ ﱠﹶﹶﲑ‬v. II to change, modify sth; to replace,

switch sth

1649

‫ ﹺ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﺷﻬﻮﺩ‬witness; spectator; adj. ‫ﺷﺎﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﹸ‬ witnessing, viewing

persecution

1647

‫ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺟﻞ‬n. time, period, term; final moment, death

matter for the songs of male and female

1646

‫ ﹶﺣ ﱠﻞ‬v. I (u) to dissolve, split up, untie sth; ‫ﹶﺣ ﱠﻞ‬ ‫ ﹶﳏ ﱠﻠ ﹸﻪ‬to replace, take the place of sb/sth;

Denmark 93 | 1765 |

1656

‫ ﹺ‬n. pl. ‫ ﺯﹶ ﻭﺍﻳﺎ‬corner, nook; section ‫ﺯﺍﻭ ﹶﻳﺔ‬ (newspaper); angle

‫ ﺍﻣﺘﺜﻠﺖ‬.‫ﺃﻣﺮﺗﻨﻲ ﺃﻥ ﺃﺟﻠﺲ ﻋﲆ ﻛﺮﳼ ﰲ ﺯﺍﻭﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﻐﺮﻓﺔ‬ ‫ — ﻷﻣﺮﻫﺎ ﻭﻋﲆ ﺍﻟﻔﻮﺭ ﺳﻘﻄﺖ ﻋﲇ ﺍﺷﻌﺔ‬She ordered me to sit on a chair in the corner of the room. I obeyed her order, and immediately

spent about forty days in Khartoum

rays fell upon me

94 | 1759 |

88 | 1855 |

Frequency index

1657

‫ ﺗ ﹶﹶﺼ ﱡﺮﻑ‬n. pl. -aat behavior, conduct; ‫ ﺗ ﹶﹶﺼ ﱡﺮﻓﺎﺕ‬actions ‫ﻻ ﺑﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﴫﻑ ﺑﻌﻘﻼﻧﻴﺔ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻨﺘﴩ ﺍﻟﻔﻀﻴﺤﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺑﲔ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ‬We must act intelligently before

1663

75 | 2156 | +news

people

1658

1664

‫ ﻣ ﹺ‬n. assistant, aide, supporter; adj. ‫ﺴﺎﻋﺪ‬ ‫ﹸ‬

helping, assisting, supporting

Laden, who stand behind the attacks of September 11?

— Shima had passed thirty without marriage;

81 | 2004 |

because her situation as a teaching assistant 1665

‫ﺍﳖﺎ ﺗﺘﻤﻴﺰ ﺑﺴﻬﻮﻟﺔ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻛﺄﻱ ﺃﺩﺍﺓ ﻣﻨﺰﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺇﻟﻜﱰﻭﻧﻴﺔ‬It is characterized by ease of use,

93 | 1760 |

‫ ﺍﹺﻏﹾﺘﹺﻴﺎﻝ‬n. pl. -aat assassination ‫ﻣﻨﺬ ﺗﻌﺮﺽ ﺫﻳﺎﺏ ﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻏﺘﻴﺎﻝ ﻭﻫﻮ ﻳﻌﻴﺶ ﳐﺘﺒﺌﺎ ﻭﱂ‬ ‫ — ﺃﺳﺘﻄﻊ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺃﻥ ﺃﻗﺎﺑﻠﻪ‬Since Diyab was

like any electronic household appliance 93 | 1743 |

even to meet him

‫ ﺗﹶﺪﹶ ﱡﺧﻞ‬n. intervention, interference ‫ﻧﺮﻓﺾ ﺍﻟﺘﺪﺧﻞ ﰲ ﺷﺆﻭﻧﻨﺎ ﺍﻟﺪﺍﺧﻠﻴﺔ ﻭﻋﻼﻗﺎﺗﻨﺎ ﺑﲔ‬ ‫ — ﺷﻌﻮﺑﻨﺎ ﻭﺑﲔ ﺣﻜﺎﻣﻨﺎ‬We reject interference

76 | 2141 |

in our internal affairs and our relationships

subjected to an assassination attempt, he has

1666

been living in hiding, and I haven’t been able

1660

‫ ﺍﹺ ﹾﻋﺘﹺﺪﺍﺀ‬n. pl. -aat assault, attack, aggression ‫ﳚﺐ ﻭﻗﻒ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻻﻋﺘﺪﺍﺀ ﺍﻟﺸﻨﻴﻊ ﻋﲆ ﺳﻤﻌﺘﻨﺎ ﻭﻛﺮﺍﻣﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺑﻼﺩﻧﺎ‬This horrible attack on our reputation

between our people and our rulers 85 | 1910 |

1667

and the dignity of our country must stop 81 | 2009 |

1661

‫ﺍﻗﺘﺤﻤﺖ ﺍﳌﺮﺃﺓ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻴﺎﺩﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻭﺣﻘﻘﺖ‬ ‫ — ﻧﺠﺎﺣﺎ ﻭﺗﻔﻮﻗﺎ‬Women have moved into

cars to paint their headlights dark blue 96 | 1684 |

1668

many fields of work and have achieved success and excellence

91 | 1783 |

‫ ﹺ‬n. pl. ‫ﹸﺠﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺟﺮ‬ ‫ ﺗ ﱠ‬merchant, businessman, ‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﻟﺪﻳﻪ ﻣﺒﻠﻎ ﻣﻌﺘﱪ ﻣﻜﻨﻪ ﰱ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ ﺍﳌﺎﴈ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺰﻭﺍﺝ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺑﻨﺔ ﺗﺎﺟﺮ ﺛﺮ￯ ﻳﻤﺘﻠﻚ ﳏﻼ ﻛﺒﲑﺍ ﻟﻸﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ — ﰱ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﻳﻌﻰ‬He had a considerable amount

‫ﺐ‬ ‫ ﹶﺳ ﱠﺒ ﹶ‬v. II to cause, produce, provoke sth ‫ﻻ ﺣﻖ ﻟﻚ ﻳﺎ ﻣﺴﱰ ﺩﺍﻻﺱ ﺃﻥ ﺗﺴﺒﺐ ﳍﺎ ﻫﺬﻩ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺼﺪﻣﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺼﺒﻴﺔ‬You have no right, Mr Dallas, to cause her this nervous shock

84 | 1938 |

trader; adj. trading, dealing

‫ ﹶﺃ ﹺ‬order, command ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻣﺮ‬n. pl. ‫ﻭﺍﻣﺮ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺍﻷﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﻗﺪ ﺻﺪﺭﺕ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﺸﺪﻳﺪ ﻋﲆ ﺳﺎﺋﻘﻲ‬ ‫— ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺑﻄﻼﺀ ﻣﺼﺎﺑﻴﺤﻬﻢ ﺑﺎﻷﺯﺭﻕ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺗﻢ‬ Strict orders were issued for the drivers of

‫ ﻣ ﹺ‬arena, field, domain; city ‫ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻴﺪﺍﻥ‬n. pl. ‫ﻴﺎﺩﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﹶ‬

square, plaza

1662

‫ ﹶﺃﺩﺍﺓ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬tool, utensil, instrument; appliance, apparatus; (ling.) particle

opportunities

1659

‫ ﹶﻫ ﹾﺠ ﹶﻤﺔ‬n. pl. -aat attack, assault; raid, strike ‫ﻫﻞ ﺗﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﺃﻥ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺟﻬﺎﺕ ﺃﺧﺮ￯ ﻏﲑ ﺑﻦ ﻻﺩﻥ ﻭﻗﻔﺖ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺭﺍﺀ ﻫﺠﲈﺕ ﺍﳊﺎﺩﻱ ﻋﴩ ﻣﻦ ﺳﺒﺘﻤﱪ؟‬Do you think that there are parties, other than Bin

‫ﺷﻴﲈﺀ ﺟﺎﻭﺯﺕ ﺍﻟﺜﻼﺛﲔ ﺑﻐﲑ ﺯﻭﺍﺝ؛ ﻷﻥ ﻭﺿﻌﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺪﺭﺱ ﻣﺴﺎﻋﺪ ﰱ ﻛﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻄﺐ ﻗﻠﻞ ﻛﺜﲑﺍ ﻣﻦ ﻓﺮﺻﺘﻬﺎ‬

in the College of Medicine decreased her

‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﻱ‬ ‫ ﹶﺟﺰﺍﺋ ﹺﺮ ﹼ‬n./adj. Algerian ‫ﺍﲡﻬﺖ ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﻐﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﺍﳉﺰﺍﺋﺮﻳﺔ ﻧﺤﻮ ﻣﺰﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻻﺿﻄﺮﺍﺏ‬Moroccan-Algerian relations were headed towards more disturbances

the scandal becomes known among the 91 | 1795 |

159

1669

‫ ﹺ‬n. ‫ﻮﺍﺳ ﹶﻄ ﹺﺔ‬ ‫ ﺑﹺ ﹺ‬by means of, by using, ‫ﻭﺍﺳ ﹶﻄﺔ‬ by making use of; (Dia.) /wasTa/ intermediary, (person with) influence, pull, connections

of money that enabled him last year to marry

‫— ﻟﺼﻖ ﺍﻟﺼﻮﺭﺓ ﻋﲆ ﻭﺭﻕ ﻣﻘﻮ￯ ﺑﻮﺍﺳﻄﺔ ﺍﻟﻼﺻﻖ‬

the daughter of a rich businessman who owns

He stuck the picture onto cardboard with

a large shop for sanitary ware in Al-Ruwayi

tape

97 | 1685 |

92 | 1755 |

160

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

1670

‫ ﹶﻋ ﹾﻴﺐ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﻋ ﹸﻴﻮﺏ‬fault, weakness; shame,

1676

disgrace, shameful behavior

‫ ﻟﻜﻦ ﻣﻴﺰﲥﺎ ﺍﻟﻜﱪ￯ ﺃﳖﺎ‬،‫ﺍﳊﻴﺎﺓ ﰱ ﺃﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﳍﺎ ﻋﻴﻮﺏ‬ ‫ — ﲤﻨﺢ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﺻﺔ ﻟﻜﻞ ﺇﻧﺴﺎﻥ‬Life in America has

a hundred pounds, what would you do?

its faults, but its major positive feature is that

72 | 2245 |

it provides opportunity to every person 96 | 1692 |

1671

1677

‫ﺍﺯﺩﻭﺍﺟﻴﺔ ﺍﳌﻌﺎﻳﲑ ﰲ ﻣﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ ﺍﻹﺭﻫﺎﺏ ﺃﻣﺮ ﻳﺴﺎﻋﺪ ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ — ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﻹﺭﻫﺎﺏ‬Double standards in fighting terrorism is something that helps breed terrorism

Western diplomatic sources explained that Iran

79 | 2033 |

had actually begun to process limited 1678

‫ﺑﻘﻴﺔ ﺍﳌﻨﻈﲈﺕ ﺗﻌﻤﻞ ﻭﺣﺪﻫﺎ ﻭﺗﻌﺘﻤﺪ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻟﺘﻤﻮﻳﻞ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺬﺍﰐ‬The rest of the organizations are

86 | 1884 |

‫ ﺳﺎ ﹶﻓ ﹶﺮ‬v. III to travel ‫ ﺇﱃ‬to; to depart (on a trip) ‫ﻗﺎﻟﺖ ﻛﺎﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎ ﺇﻥ ﺣﻠﻢ ﺣﻴﺎﲥﺎ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺃﻥ ﺗﺴﺎﻓﺮ ﺇﱃ ﺑﺎﺭﻳﺲ‬ ‫ — ﻳﻮﻣﺎ‬Camelia said that her life dream was to

working by themselves and rely on self-funding 73 | 2213 |

‫ ﹶﺑ ﹺﺮﻱﺀ‬adj. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺑ ﹺﺮﻳﺎﺀ‬innocent, blameless; naive, ‫ﹺ‬ unsuspecting; exempt, free (‫ ﻣﻦ‬of ); n.

‫ ﹶﺧ ﹺﺸ ﹶﻲ‬v. I (a) to fear sth/sb or ‫ ﹺﻣﻦ‬sth/sb; to ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾ‬that; to be afraid, anxious fear, anticipate ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ ﻋﲆ‬for (sb’s safety) ‫ ﺃﺧﺸﻰ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﺳﻮﺀ ﻗﺪ‬،‫ﱂ ﻳﺘﻌﻮﺩ ﺍﻟﻐﻴﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻄﻮﻳﻞ‬ ‫ — ﳊﻖ ﺑﻪ‬He wasn’t used to being gone long,

innocent person

I’m afraid something bad has happened to him

travel to Paris some day

1679

93 | 1727 |

1673

‫ﻳﺒﻴﻌﻮﻥ ﺃﺳﻠﺤﺔ ﺗﻘﺘﻞ ﻋﴩﺍﺕ ﺍﻷﻟﻮﻑ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﺑﺮﻳﺎﺀ‬ ‫ — ﺣﺘﻰ ﺗﻨﻬﻤﺮ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﺍﻷﺭﺑﺎﺡ ﺑﺎﳌﻼﻳﲔ‬They sell weapons which kill tens of thousands of

88 | 1822 |

1680

innocent people so that millions in profits will rain down on them 89 | 1821 |

1674

Blue Berets, if they work under the flag of the United Nations

‫ﺗﺮﺩﺩ ﺻﻮﺕ ﻗﺎﺋﺪ ﺍﻟﻄﺎﺋﺮﺓ ﻳﻌﻠﻦ ﻣﺮﺍﺳﻴﻢ ﺍﻧﻄﻼﻕ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺮﺣﻠﺔ‬The voice of the captain of the plane came on announcing the trip departure

‫ﹺ ﹺ‬ ‫ﻱ‬ ‫ ﹶﺗ ﹾﻘﻠﻴﺪ ﹼ‬adj. traditional, conventional ‫ﻫﺬﺍ ﻣﺎ ﻧﺴﻤﻴﻪ ﻗﻮ￯ ﺣﻔﻆ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴﺪﻳﺔ ﺍﳌﻌﺮﻭﻓﺔ‬ ‫ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻫﻲ ﺗﻌﻤﻞ ﲢﺖ ﺭﺍﻳﺔ ﺍﻷﻣﻢ‬،‫ﺑﺎﻟﻘﺒﻌﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺰﺭﻗﺎﺀ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳌﺘﺤﺪﺓ‬This is what we call traditional peacekeeping forces, who are known as the

‫ ﺍﹺﻧﹾﻄﹺﻼﻕ‬n. start, departure; ‫ﺍﹺﻧﹾﻄﹺﻼﻗ ﹰﺎ ﹺﻣﻦ‬ proceeding from; on the basis of

1675

‫ ﺗ ﹾﹶﻤ ﹺﻮﻳﻞ‬n. financing, funding, backing,

underwriting

establishments

1672

‫ ﹶﻣ ﹺ‬standard, criterion, norm; ‫ ﹺﻣ ﹾﻌﻴﺎﺭ‬n. pl. ‫ﻌﺎﻳﲑ‬ standard measure, gauge

‫ ﺑﹺ ﱠ‬that ‫ ﹶﺻ ﱠﺮ ﹶﺡ‬v. II to declare, announce ‫ﺄﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﰲ ﻏﻀﻮﻥ ﺫﻟﻚ ﴏﺣﺖ ﻣﺼﺎﺩﺭ ﺩﺑﻠﻮﻣﺎﺳﻴﺔ ﻏﺮﺑﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺄﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺪﺃﺕ ﺑﺎﻟﻔﻌﻞ ﰲ ﻣﻌﺎﳉﺔ ﻛﻤﻴﺔ ﳏﺪﻭﺩﺓ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻴﻮﺭﺍﻧﻴﻮﻡ ﰲ ﻣﻨﺸﺂﲥﺎ ﺍﻟﻨﻮﻭﻳﺔ‬In the meantime,

quantities of uranium in their nuclear

‫ ﹸﺟﻨﹶ ﹾﻴﻪ‬n. pl. -aat pound (currency); (Egy.) ‫ ﺟﻨﻴﻪ‬/gineeh/ pl. -aat ‫ — ﻟﻮ ﺃﻋﻄﻴﺘﻚ ﻣﺎﺋﺔ ﺟﻨﻴﻪ ﻣﺎﺫﺍ ﺗﻔﻌﻞ؟‬If I gave you

83 | 1945 |

1681

‫ ﹶﺃﻣﺎﻧﹶﺔ‬n. loyalty, reliability; honesty, integrity;

regulations

deposit, safekeeping; secretariat; office of

85 | 1886 |

mayor;

‫ ﺗﺎ ﹼﻡ‬adj. complete, concluded ،‫ ﲠﺪﻭﺀ ﺗﺎﻡ‬،‫ﺣﺮﻙ ﺭﺃﺳﻪ ﻭﻫﻮ ﻳﻌﺮﺝ ﻋﲆ ﺳﺎﻗﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ — ﻭﻛﺄﻧﻪ ﻻ ﻳﺮﻳﺪ ﺍﻥ ﻳﻨﺒﻪ ﺍﻟﻈﻼﻡ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺣﻮﻟﻪ‬He

— In the governorate of the capital, Amman,

‫ﺍﻟﺼﻨﹾﺪﹸ ﻭﻕ‬ ‫ ﹶﺃﻣﺎﻧﹶﺔ ﱠ‬office of treasurer; ‫ ﰲ ﹶﺃﻣﺎﻧﹶﺔ ﺍﷲ‬God keep you safe (goodbye) ‫ﻭﰲ ﳏﺎﻓﻈﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺻﻤﺔ ﻋﲈﻥ ﺑﻠﻎ ﻋﺪﺩ ﺍﳌﺮﺷﺤﲔ ﻟﻌﻀﻮﻳﺔ‬ ‫ ﻣﺮﺷﺤﺎ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻡ ﺍﻻﻭﻝ‬١٦٧ ￯‫ﳎﻠﺲ ﺃﻣﺎﻧﺔ ﻋﲈﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﱪ‬

shook his head, limping on his good leg, in

the number of candidates for membership in

complete calm, as if he did not want to alert

the Greater Amman City Council reach 167 on

the darkness around him

the first day

88 | 1823 |

80 | 2013 | +news

Frequency index

1682

‫ ﺍﹺ ﹾﺧﺘﹺﻼﻑ‬n. variance, difference, disagreement;

161

is the belief that a difference in race leads

‫ ﹶﺣ ﹶﺮﻡ‬n. holy site; (university) campus; ‫ﺍﳊﹶ ﹶﺮﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ ﱠﹺ‬the Two Holy Sites (Mecca and ‫ﺍﻟﴩﻳﻔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ ﺛﺎﻟﹺﺚ ﹶ‬Jerusalem Medina); ‫ﺍﳊ ﹶﺮ ﹶﻣﲔﹾ‬ ‫ﺣﻔﻈﻚ ﺍﷲ ﻳﺎ ﺧﺎﺩﻡ ﺍﳊﺮﻣﲔ ﺍﻟﴩﻳﻔﲔ ﻭﺗﺮﺟﻊ‬ ‫ — ﻟﻠﻤﻤﻠﻜﻪ ﺳﺎﳌﺎ ﻏﺎﻧﲈ ﻭﺳﻂ ﺷﻌﺒﻚ ﺍﻟﻮﰲ‬May God

to a difference in human behaviors and

keep you, O servant of the two sacred sites,

abilities

and may you return to the Kingdom healthy

89 | 1807 |

and happy amidst your loyal people

1688

conflict, controversy

￯‫ﺍﻟﻌﻨﴫﻳﺔ ﻫﻰ ﺍﻻﻋﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﺑﺄﻥ ﺍﺧﺘﻼﻑ ﺍﻟﻌﻨﴫ ﻳﺆﺩ‬ ‫ — ﺇﱃ ﺍﺧﺘﻼﻑ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻮﻙ ﻭﺍﻟﻘﺪﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻹﻧﺴﺎﻧﻴﺔ‬Racism

84 | 1903 |

1683

‫ ﹸﺳﻜﱠﺮ‬n. sugar; ‫ ﹶﻣ ﹶﺮﺽ ﺍﻟﺴﻜﺮ‬diabetes ‫ ﳛﻤﻠﻮﳖﺎ‬،‫ﻳﺸﱰﻭﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺇﺭﺑﺪ ﺍﻟﻄﺤﲔ ﻭﺍﻟﺮﺯ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻜﺮ‬ ‫ — ﻋﲆ ﺍﻟﺒﻐﺎﻝ ﻭﳞﺮﺑﻮﳖﺎ ﺇﱃ ﺑﻼﺩﻫﻢ ﺍﳌﺤﺘﻞ‬They

1689

buy flour, rice and sugar from Irbid, carrying it on donkeys and smuggling it to the occupied

new rebellion in the Saada area

lands

73 | 2174 | +news

90 | 1771 |

1684

‫ ﺗ ﹾﹶﺮﻛﹺﻴﺰ‬n. emphasis, focus, concentration (‫ ﻋﲆ‬on) ‫ﻓﻘﺪ ﻗﺪﺭﺗﻪ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻟﱰﻛﻴﺰ ﻓﺒﺪﺍ ﻣﻌﻈﻢ ﺍﻟﻮﻗﺖ ﻭﻛﺄﻧﻪ ﳛﺪﻕ‬ ‫ — ﰱ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﺍﻍ‬He lost his ability to concentrate, and he appeared most of the time as if he were staring into space

1690

68 | 2341 |

1691

clear afterwards

powerful

defeated, and it’s over...They are a lot

70 | 2258 |

1692

stronger than us, and they can crush us at any moment

considered to be a golden opportunity to expand and invest

‫ﹶﻨﺎﻭﻝ‬ ‫ ﺗ ﹸ‬vn. dealing with (subject, issue); eating

88 | 1797 |

(meal); taking, ingesting (medicine)

‫ ﻭﺿﻊ ﺃﺣﺪ ﺍﳉﻨﻮﺩ‬،‫ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﻻﻧﺘﻬﺎﺀ ﻣﻦ ﺗﻨﺎﻭﻝ ﺍﻟﻄﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ — ﻛﻤﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﱪﺗﻘﺎﻝ ﰲ ﺟﻴﺒﻪ‬After finishing

1693

eating, one of the soldiers put a bunch of

1687

‫ ﹶﺫ ﹶﻫﺒﹺ ﹼﻲ‬adj. golden, gilded ‫ﺗﻌﺘﱪ ﻗﺎﺭﺓ ﺍﻓﺮﻳﻘﻴﺎ ﰲ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﴩﻛﺎﺕ ﺑﻤﺜﺎﺑﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﺻﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺬﻫﺒﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﻮﺳﻊ ﻭﺍﻻﺳﺘﺜﲈﺭ‬The African continent, in the view of these companies, is

94 | 1704 |

1686

‫ ﺇﹺ ﹾﺳﱰﺍﺗﹺ ﹺ‬adj. strategic; n. strategist ‫ﻴﺠ ﹼﻲ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺘﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﺪﻓﺎﻋﻴﺔ ﺣﻴﻮﻳﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺣﻴﺔ ﺍﻻﺳﱰﺍﺗﻴﺠﻴﺔ ﻛﲈ‬ ‫ — ﺳﻴﺘﻀﺢ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺫﻟﻚ‬Its defensive value is vital from the strategic viewpoint, as will become

￯‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻗ ﹶﻮ‬elat. stronger/strongest, more/most ،‫ ﺇﳖﻢ ﺃﻗﻮ￯ ﻣﻨﺎ ﺑﻜﺜﲑ‬..‫ﻟﻘﺪ ﻫﺰﻣﻨﺎ ﻭﺍﻧﺘﻬﻰ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ‬ ‫ — ﻭﻳﺴﺘﻄﻴﻌﻮﻥ ﺳﺤﻘﻨﺎ ﰱ ﺃ￯ ﳊﻈﺔ‬We were

‫ ﺍﹺﻧﹾﺘﹺﺨﺎﺑﹺ ﹼﻲ‬adj. electoral, election; selection ‫ﻋﲆ ﺍﳌﺮﺷﺢ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺘﺤﺪﺙ ﻋﻦ ﻣﺪ￯ ﺗﺪﻳﻨﻪ ﰲ ﺍﳊﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻻﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﻴﺔ‬The candidate must speak about his level of religiosity in the election campaign

84 | 1893 |

1685

‫ ﹶﻳ ﹶﻤﻨ ﹺ ﹼﻲ‬n./adj. Yemeni ‫ﺗﻀﻄﺮ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﻴﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﺇﱃ ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻬﺔ ﲤﺮﺩ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﰲ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺻﻌﺪﺓ‬The Yemeni state is forced to face a

‫ ﹶﺻ ﹾﺤﺮﺍﺀ‬n. desert ‫ﻳﻤﻀﻮﻥ ﲠﺎ ﲨﻴﻌﺎ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺮﺍﺀ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﺳﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻰ ﻳﺒﺪﻭ ﺃﳖﺎ‬ ‫ — ﺗﺒﺘﻠﻊ ﻛﻞ ﺷﻰﺀ‬They all take it to the vast

oranges in his pocket

desert which looks like it can swallow

85 | 1878 |

everything

‫ ﺗ ﹾﹶﺤ ﹺﻮﻳﻞ‬n. conversion, transfer ‫ ﲢﻮﻳﻞ‬،‫ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺍﳌﻮﺍﺻﻼﺕ‬،‫ﻗﺮﺭ ﳏﻤﻮﺩ ﻏﺎﻟﺐ ﺑﺎﺷﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺾ ﻋﺮﺑﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﻜﻚ ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺪﻳﺔ ﺇﱃ ﻣﺴﺘﺸﻔﻰ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥ‬

86 | 1838 |

Transportation, decided to transform some of

‫ ﹶﺣﻜ ﹶﹶﻢ‬v. I (u) to rule, govern (people, country); ‫ ﻋﲆ‬sb ‫ﻟﻜﻦ ﻣﴫ ﺣﻜﻤﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻄﻐﺎﺓ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺃ￯ ﺑﻠﺪ ﺁﺧﺮ ﰱ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﻳﺦ‬But tyrants ruled Egypt more than

the railway cars into a field hospital

any other country in history

82 | 1936 |

94 | 1695 |

— Mahmoud Ghalib Pasha, the Minister of

1694

to judge, sentence

162

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

22 Male Names Ranking is from list of names and abbreviations. 2 3

‫ﳏﻤﺪ‬ Muhammad ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﷲ ﻋﺒﺪ‬ Abdullah, ‫ﻋﺒﺪ‬ ‫ ﺍﻟﻌﺰﻳﺰ‬Abd

35

‫ﺑﻦ‬ ‫ﻋﲇ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺃﲪﺪ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﻦ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﲔ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻟﺪ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﺮ‬ ‫ﳏﻤﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺇﺑﺮﺍﻫﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﻟﺢ‬ ‫ﻋﺰﻳﺰ‬

37

‫ﻛﺮﻳﻢ‬

6 7 8 15 18 24 27 29 32 33

Al-Aziz, etc.

38

108 110

Ahmad

114

Hassan

118

Hussein

119

Khalid

123

Omar

125

Mahmoud

127

Ibrahim

128

Salih

129

Aziz;

‫ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻌﺰﻳﺰ‬

Abd Al-Aziz

139 140

‫ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﻳﻢ‬

‫ ﺳﻌﻴﺪ‬Said ‫ﳏﻲ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺩﻳﻦ‬

Al-Din, etc.

45 50

133

Karim;

‫ ﻋﺰ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ‬Izz

47

107

bin

Muhi Al-Din,

43

97 101

Ali

Abd Al-Karim

41

96

‫ ﻋﻤﺮﻭ‬Amr ‫ ﻋ ﹼﺒﺎﺱ‬Abbas ‫ ﻳﻮﺳﻒ‬Yusif ‫ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﺮﲪﻦ ﺭﲪٰﻦ‬Abd

147 151 152 156 159 160 161 163 164 165 166

‫ﺇﺳﲈﻋﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺻﻼﺡ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﺩﻝ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﺳﻤﲑ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺼﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻃﺎﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺳﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺪﻱ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺳﻌﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺭﺷﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻓﺆﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺧﻠﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺯﺍﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻋﻴﺴﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﺜﲈﻥ‬ ‫ﲪﺪﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﺟﻌﻔﺮ‬ ‫ﺭﻓﻴﻖ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﴎ‬ ‫ﳛﻴﻰ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻣﺪ‬ ‫ﲪﻴﺪ‬

Al-Rahman

52 59 63 65 66 67 72 84 85 86 87 91 95

‫ ﺻﺪﹼ ﺍﻡ‬Saddam ‫ ﻣﺒﺎﺭﻙ‬Mubarak ‫ ﻣﻮﺳﻰ‬Mousa; Moses ‫ ﻣﺼﻄﻔﻰ‬Mustafa ‫ ﲨﺎﻝ‬Jamal, Gamal ‫ ﺳﻌﺪ‬Saad ‫ ﺃﺑﻮ ﻣﺎﺯﻥ ﺃﺑﻮ‬Abu ‫ﺳﺎﱂ‬ ‫ﺳﻠﻴﲈﻥ‬ ‫ﲪﺪ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﺼﻞ‬ ‫ﻓﻬﺪ‬

168 172 177 179 180

Mazen Salim

181

Sulayman;

184

Solomon Hamad

187

George

189

Faisal

192

Fahd

193

‫ﺑﺸﲑ‬ ‫ﺳﻠﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺣﺒﻴﺐ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﻦ‬

Ismail;

195

‫ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻨﻮﺭ‬

Salah Walid

Abd Al-Nur

Badr

197

Adil

199

Rashid

204

Samir

205

Mansour

‫ ﳏﺴﻦ‬Muhsin ‫ ﻛﲈﻝ‬Kamal ‫ ﺳﻴﻒ‬Saif ‫ﻋﲈﺭ‬ ‫ ﺃﺑﻮ ﻋﲈﺭ‬Abu ‫ﹼ‬

Ammar = Yasir

Tariq Qasim

207

Mahdi

209

Saud

215

Jabir Rashid

216

Zaid

219

Fuad

220

Khalil

222

Zayid

228

Eissa; Jesus

229

Uthman

230

Hamdan

231

Sami

236

Jaafar

238

Rafiq

239

Yasir

240

Yahya

242

Hamid

243

Hameed;

‫ﻧﻮﺭ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ‬

Nour;

Nureddine;

‫ﻋﺒﺪ‬

‫ ﺍﳊﻤﻴﺪ‬Abd

244 247

Al-Hameed

253

Bashir

255

Salim

256

Habib

260

Hassan

263

Zein;

264

‫ﺯﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ‬

266

Zineddine

267

‫ ﻗﻴﺲ‬Qays ‫ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﳍﺎﺩﻱ ﻫﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺃﻣﲔ‬ ‫ﺳﻠﲈﻥ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﺳﻢ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﺭﺱ‬

‫ﻧﻮﺭ‬

Ishmael

271

Abd Al-Hadi

274

Amin

277

Salman

279

Jasim

280

Faris

283

‫ﺃﺳﺎﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺍﺱ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺸﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻋﻼﺀ‬ ‫ﺁﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺯﻥ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺳﲔ‬ ‫ﻋﺪﻧﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻣﺮ‬ ‫ﻋﲈﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺟﺪ‬ ‫ﻧﺒﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﴍﻳﻒ‬ ‫ٰﻃﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﺸﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻴﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟﻚ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺑﺸﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻳﻤﻦ‬ ‫ﳖﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﺎﲏ‬ ‫ﻃﺎﻫﺮ‬ ‫ﲪﺰﺓ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻭﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﳎﺪ‬ ‫ﺣﻜﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻃﻼﻝ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﻛﻲ‬ ‫ﹼ‬

Arafat Usama Firas Michael; Michel; Michelle Alaa Adam Hosny Mazin Yaseen Adnan Ziad Amer/Amir Imad Majid Nabil Abduh Sharif Taha Hisham Elias Malik Bashar Ayman Nahyan Hani Tahir Hamza Daoud; David Majd;

‫ﳎﺪ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ‬

Majd Al-Din Hakeem Obaid Jihad Talal Turki

Frequency index

1695

‫ ﹺﻭ ﹼﺵ‬and ‫ ﻭﻳﺶ‬/weesh/ (Gul.Sau.) interrog. what ‫ — ﲣﱪﲏ ﻋﻦ ﻭﻳﺶ‬What are you going to tell

1702

‫ ﺫﺍﺗﹺ ﹼﻲ‬adj. autonomous, self-, auto-; personal,

individual

‫ﻻ ﺃﻗﻮﻝ ﻟﻚ ﺃﻥ ﻧﱰﻙ ﺍﻷﻣﻮﺭ ﻟﻠﻔﻮﴇ ﻭﻟﻠﺮﻏﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ ﺇﺫ ﻻﺑﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻈﻴﻢ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺪ‬..‫ — ﺍﻟﺬﺍﺗﻴﺔ‬I’m not

me about? 60 | 2650 | +for

1696

163

telling you to leave matters to chaos, and to

‫ ﺇﹺ ﹾﺳﱰﺍﺗﹺ ﹺ‬n. pl. -aat strategy ‫ﻴﺠ ﱠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﱰﺍﺗﻴﺠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺖ ﺍﻷﺑﻴﺾ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺍﻕ ﺳﺘﺒﻘﻰ ﻋﲆ ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ — ﻫﻲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬The White House strategy in Iraq

individual desires...since there has to be organization and definition 86 | 1831 |

will remain what it has been 71 | 2232 |

1697

1703

‫ ﹸﻣ ﹶﻘ ﱠﺮﺭ‬adj. decided upon, stipulated;

phones that are coming out now are

scheduled; n. agenda, plan; curriculum

unbelievable

‫ﻳﻘﻔﻮﻥ ﻣﺼﻄﻔﲔ ﰲ ﻃﺎﺑﻮﺭ ﻃﻮﻳﻞ ﻻﺳﺘﻼﻡ ﻣﻮﺍﺩﻫﻢ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺘﻤﻮﻳﻨﻴﺔ ﺍﳌﻘﺮﺭﺓ ﺭﺳﻤﻴﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﺍﳌﺘﺠﺮ‬They stand lined up in a long line to receive their officially determined rations from the owner of

12 | 13210 | +spo

1704

‫ﺣﺼﻠﺖ ﻋﲆ ﺟﺎﺋﺰﺓ ﺍﺣﺴﻦ ﳑﺜﻠﺔ ﻋﻦ ﺩﻭﺭﻫﺎ ﰲ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﻠﺴﻞ »ﺍﻟﻮﺗﺪ« ﰲ ﻣﻬﺮﺟﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻫﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺑﻊ ﻟﻺﺫﺍﻋﺔ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻠﻴﻔﺰﻳﻮﻥ‬She obtained the prize for Best

80 | 1964 |

‫ ﺍﹺﻧ ﹺﹾﺴﺤﺎﺏ‬n. withdrawal, evacuation; pulling

Actress for her role in the series “The Stake” in

out, removing

the fourth Cairo Festival for Radio and

‫ﺑﺪﻻ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻻﻧﺴﺤﺎﺏ ﺃﻣﺎﻡ ﺍﻹﻳﻄﺎﻟﻴﲔ ﺻﺒﻮﺍ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ‬ ‫ — ﻣﺪﻓﻌﻴﺘﻬﻢ ﻓﺄﺻﺎﺑﻮﺍ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﺍﻟﻜﺜﲑ‬Instead of

Television 88 | 1795 |

withdrawing in front of the Italians, they poured out their heavy guns against them, and wounded a lot of them

1705

80 | 1962 |

1699

‫ ﹶﺗﺒﹺ ﹶﻊ‬v. I (a) to follow, pursue sth/sb ‫ ﻭﻳﺴﺘﺴﻠﻢ ﻷﻭﻝ‬،‫ﺃﺣﺐ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺘﺒﻊ ﺍﳌﺮﺀ ﻣﺰﺍﺟﻪ ﺍﻟﴪﻱ‬ ‫ — ﻓﻜﺮﺓ ﲣﻄﺮ ﺑﺬﻫﻨﻪ‬I like people to follow their secret passion, and to give in to the first idea

87 | 1813 |

1706

‫ ﻏﺎ ﹶﺩ ﹶﺭ‬v. III to leave (a place), depart (on a trip)

‫ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻧﻮﺍﺭﺓ ﻗﺪ ﻏﺎﺩﺭﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺖ ﻣﻊ ﺃﻭﻻﺩﻫﺎ ﺑﻤﺠﺮﺩ‬ ‫ — ﺇﺩﺍﻧﺔ ﻛﺮﻳﻢ ﻭﺍﳊﻜﻢ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺑﻌﴩﻳﻦ ﺳﻨﺔ‬Norah had

97 | 1635 |

‫ ﹶﺗﺰ ﱠﹶﻭ ﹶﺝ‬v. V to marry sb; to get married (‫ ﹺﻣﻦ‬to sb) ‫ﻗﺪ ﺟﺎﻭﺯ ﺍﻟﺴﺘﲔ ﻭﱂ ﻳﺘﺰﻭﺝ ﻷﻧﻪ ﺑﺒﺴﺎﻃﺔ ﱂ ﳚﺪ ﻭﻗﺘﺎ‬ ‫ — ﻟﺬﻟﻚ‬He has passed sixty and he didn’t marry

left the house with her children as soon as Karim was found guilty and sentenced to twenty years 86 | 1826 |

because, quite simply, he didn’t find time for it 89 | 1781 |

1701 ‫ﺖ‬ ‫ ﹶﻟ ﹶﻔ ﹶ‬v. I (i) to draw, turn (‫ ﺍﹺﻧﹾﺘﹺﺒﺎﻩ‬/‫ ) ﹶﻧ ﹶﻈﺮ‬sb’s attention ‫ﹺ ﹺ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ ﺇﱃ‬to; ‫ﺒﺎﻫ ﹸﻪ‬ ‫ ﺍﻧﹾﺘ ﹶ‬/ ‫ ﹶﻟﻔ ﹶﺖ ﹶﻧ ﹶﻈ ﹶﺮ ﹸﻩ‬to catch sb’s attention ‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﻋﻨﱰﺓ ﰲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳌﻌﺎﺭﻙ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺭﺱ ﺍﻟﺬ￯ ﻟﻔﺖ ﺍﻷﻧﻈﺎﺭ‬ ‫ ﻭﻋﺮﻑ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺑﺎﻟﺸﺠﺎﻋﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻜﺮﻡ‬، — Antara, in

‫ ﹶﻭ ﹶ ﹺﱄ‬v. I (i) to follow, come after (sth/sb); to govern, rule sth or ‫ ﻋﲆ‬over sth ‫ — ﻓﻴﲈ ﻳﲇ ﺍﻟﻨﺺ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻣﻞ ﻟﻠﻘﺎﺀ‬What follows is the full text of the interview

that comes into their heads

1700

‫ ﹸﻣ ﹶﺴ ﹾﻠ ﹶﺴﻞ‬n. pl. -aat serial show (esp. soap

opera)

the shop

1698

‫ ﻫﻠﻖ‬/halla’/ (Lev.) adv. now ‫ — ﺍﳌﻮﺑﺎﻳﻼﺕ ﺍﻟﲇ ﻧﺎﺯﻟﺔ ﻫﻠﻖ ﺑﺘﺠﻨﻦ‬The cell

1707

‫ ﻛ ﹺ‬catastrophe, tragedy ‫ ﹺ‬n. pl. ‫ﹶﻮﺍﺭﺙ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭ ﹶﺛﺔ‬ ‫ﺣﺬﺭﺕ ﻣﻨﻈﻤﺔ ﺃﻃﺒﺎﺀ ﺑﻼ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ﻣﻦ ﻛﺎﺭﺛﺔ ﺇﻧﺴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﰲ‬ ‫ﻟﺒﻨﺎﻥ ﺑﺴﺒﺐ ﻗﺮﺏ ﻧﻔﺎﺩ ﺍﳌﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻷﺳﺎﺳﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳌﺴﺘﺸﻔﻴﺎﺕ‬The Doctors Without Borders organization warned of a humanitarian

this battle, was the knight who turned eyes,

catastrophe in Lebanon because of the near

and he was known after that for his courage

exhaustion of basic commodities in the

and generosity

hospitals

87 | 1821 |

92 | 1706 |

164

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

1708

‫ﻑ‬ ‫ ﺍﹺ ﹾﺳﺘ ﹾﹶﻬﺪﹶ ﹶ‬v. X to target, aim at sth/sb ،‫ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺠﲑﺍﺕ ﺍﻻﺭﻫﺎﺑﻴﺔ ﺗﺴﺘﻬﺪﻑ ﺍﻻﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﴫﻱ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺗﺴﻌﻰ ﺍﱃ ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺾ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻘﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﻮﻃﻨﻲ‬These

1714

deficit; deficiency; inferiority

‫ — ﻋﺎﺵ ﻃﻔﻮﻟﺘﻪ ﻳﻌﺎﲏ ﻣﻦ ﻧﻘﺺ ﺍﻟﺘﻐﺬﻳﺔ‬He lived

terrorist explosions are targeting Egyptian

his childhood suffering from malnutrition

security, and are attempting to undermine

94 | 1664 |

national stability 76 | 2060 |

1709

1715

‫ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻠ ﹶﺒﺲ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﻣﻼﺑﹺﺲ‬clothes, dress, attire ￯‫ﻗﺎﻣﺖ ﺍﻟﺴﺖ ﻣﺮﻳﻢ ﻭﺩﺧﻠﺖ ﺍﻟﻐﺮﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﺪﺍﺧﻠﻴﺔ ﻟﱰﺗﺪ‬ ‫ — ﻣﻼﺑﺲ ﺍﳋﺮﻭﺝ‬Mrs Mariam got up and

87 | 1790 |

‫ ﻗﺎﺗﹺﻞ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﻗ ﹶﺘ ﹶﻠﺔ‬murderer, assassin; adj. deadly,

‫ ﺇﹺﺟﺎ ﹶﺑﺔ‬n. pl. -aat answer, reply, response ..‫ﻛﻞ ﺍﻟﺒﺪﻭ ﻫﻨﺎ ﻳﺘﺤﺪﺛﻮﻥ ﺑﴪﻋﺔ ﻭﻳﻤﺸﻮﻥ ﺑﴪﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﻀﻴﺖ ﻋﻤﺮﻱ ﻛﻠﻪ ﺃﺳﺄﻝ ﻧﻔﴘ ﻋﻦ ﺳﺒﺐ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻭﱂ‬ ‫ — ﺃﺻﻞ ﺇﱃ ﺇﺟﺎﺑﺔ‬All of the bedouins here

lethal; fatal

speak quickly and walk quickly...I have spent

clothes for going out

1716

89 | 1764 |

‫ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻡ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﳌﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﱂ ﻳﻌﺪ ﻣﻬﲈ ﲢﺪﻳﺪ ﻫﻮﻳﺔ‬ ‫ ﺑﻞ ﺑﺎﺕ ﺍﻻﻫﻢ ﳏﺎﻛﻤﺘﻪ ﻭﺍﻧﺰﺍﻝ ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻮﺑﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺗﻞ‬ ‫ — ﻳﺴﺘﺤﻘﻬﺎ ﺑﻪ‬Today, after the decision of

my whole life asking myself about the reason for that, and I have not reached an answer 87 | 1799 |

the court, it is no longer important to

him to trial and bring down on him the

‫ ﹶﺧ ﹶﻠ ﹶﻖ‬v. I (u) to create, form sth ‫ﺗﺮﻋﺔ ﺍﳌﺤﻤﻮﺩﻳﺔ ﻫﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﻰ ﺧﻠﻘﺖ ﺍﻹﺳﻜﻨﺪﺭﻳﺔ ﰱ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻌﺼﻮﺭ ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺜﺔ‬The Mahmoudiya Canal is

punishment he deserves

the thing that created Alexandria in the

86 | 1820 |

modern era

determine the identity of the killer, rather

1717

it has become more important to bring

1711

1712

1713

‫ ﺗﹶﺪﹶ ﱠﺧ ﹶﻞ‬v. V to intervene, interfere, meddle ‫ﻧﺤﻦ ﺣﻘﻴﻘﺔ ﻧﺘﻤﻨﻰ ﺍﻥ ﻻ ﺃﺣﺪ ﻳﺘﺪﺧﻞ ﺑﺸﺆﻭﻧﻨﺎ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺪﺍﺧﻠﻴﺔ ﳖﺎﺋﻴﺎ‬We really hope that no one will interfere in our internal affairs, at all

entered the interior room to put on her

1710

‫ ﹶﻧ ﹾﻘﺺ‬n. lack, loss; decrease, diminution;

‫ ﹺﺳ ﹺ‬adj. tourist, tourism ‫ﻴﺎﺣ ﹼﻲ‬ ‫ ﺑﺘﺴﻤﺢ‬..‫ ﺗﺄﺷﲑﺓ ﺳﻴﺎﺣﻴﺔ‬،‫ﺗﺄﺷﲑﺓ ﺍﻟﺪﺧﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﲇ ﻣﻌﺎﻛﻢ‬ ‫ — ﻟﻜﻢ ﺑﺎﻻﻗﺎﻣﺔ ﰲ ﻟﻨﺪﻥ ﺷﻬﺮ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ‬The entrance

95 | 1636 |

1718

‫ ﹺﺩ ﹺ‬adj. study-, school-related; ‫ﺭﺍﺳ ﹼﻲ‬ instructional, pedagogical

visas you have, are tourist visas...they allow

‫— ﺳﺄﻟﺘﻪ ﻋﻦ ﺍﳌﺮﺣﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻭﺻﻞ ﳍﺎ‬

you to stay in London for one month

I asked him about the educational level he

79 | 1991 |

had reached

‫ ﻧﹺ ﱠﻴﺔ‬n. pl. ‫ ﻧﹶﻮﺍﻳﺎ‬intention, purpose; desire ‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﻳﻔﺘﻘﺮ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﺭﺓ ﻋﲆ ﺗﺘﺒﻊ ﺳﻴﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﻘﺼﺔ ﻭﻋﲆ ﻓﻬﻢ‬ ‫ — ﻧﻮﺍﻳﺎ ﻭﺩﻭﺍﻓﻊ ﺷﺨﺼﻴﺎﲥﺎ‬He lacked the ability

83 | 1872 |

to follow the context of the story and to

‫ ﹺﺳ ﹾﻠ ﹺﺴ ﹶﻠﺔ‬n. chain, series ‫ﻓﱰﺓ ﺍﻻﻋﺪﺍﺩ ﺗﻢ ﺗﻘﺴﻴﻤﻬﺎ ﺇﱃ ﻓﱰﺓ ﺍﻭﱃ ﻟﻼﻋﺪﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﺒﺪﲏ‬ ‫ — ﺛﻢ ﺳﻠﺴﻠﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﺒﺎﺭﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻮﺩﻳﺔ‬The preparatory

understand the intentions and motivations of

period is divided into a first period of physical

its characters

preparation and then a series of friendly

97 | 1620 |

matches

‫ ﹺﺷﻴ ﹶﻌﺔ‬n. Shiites; partisans, followers ‫ﺃﻛﺪ ﺍﻟﺮﺋﻴﺲ ﺍﳌﴫﻱ ﺍﻥ ﻭﻻﺀ ﺃﻏﻠﺐ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﻌﺔ ﰲ ﺍﳌﻨﻄﻘﺔ‬ ‫ — ﻫﻮ ﻻﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭﻟﻴﺲ ﻟﺪﻭﳍﻢ‬The Egyptian

1719

87 | 1794 |

president affirmed that the loyalty of most of

‫ ﹶﺣ ﹺﺪﻳﺪ‬n. iron; steel ‫ ﻛﻞ‬..‫ﻟﻴﺲ ﰲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺭﺓ ﻗﻄﻌﺘﺎﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺑﻠﺪ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ‬ ‫ — ﻗﻄﻌﺔ ﺣﺪﻳﺪ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺑﻠﺪ‬This car doesn’t have

the Shiites in the area was to Iran and not to

two parts from the same country...Each steel

their countries

part in it is from a (different) country

67 | 2328 |

97 | 1601 |

1720

Frequency index

1721

‫ ﺑﹺ ﹺﺠ ﹺ‬near, ‫ ﹺﺟﻮﺍﺭ‬n. proximity, vicinity; ‫ﻮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ next to; ‫ﺣ ﹾﺴﻦ ﺍﳉﻮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ ﹸ‬good neighbor

1727

(relations)

‫ﻧﻌﻢ ﻧﻘﻒ ﺑﺤﺰﻡ ﺿﺪ ﺗﺪﺧﻞ ﺩﻭﻝ ﺍﳉﻮﺍﺭ ﻭﻏﲑ ﺩﻭﻝ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳉﻮﺍﺭ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺸﺆﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺍﻗﻴﺔ‬Yes, we stand with

her husband’s behavior from the beginning 87 | 1775 |

neighboring countries, and other countries, in 1728

87 | 1781 |

1722

‫ ﹺﺷﺘﺎﺀ‬n. winter ‫ﺍﳌﺴﺎﻓﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﴫ ﺇﱃ ﺍﳌﻐﺮﺏ ﰱ ﺍﻟﺸﺘﺎﺀ ﲤﺮ ﻛﻠﻤﺢ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺒﴫ‬The time span from afternoon till

Mr Mahmoud Abbass 64 | 2403 | +spo

1729

‫— ﺍﻟﻄﺮﻳﻖ ﺇﱃ ﺍﳉﺤﻴﻢ ﻣﲇﺀ ﺑﺬﻭﻱ ﺍﻟﻨﻮﺍﻳﺎ ﺍﳊﺴﻨﺔ‬

‫ ﹸﺣ ﹾﺴﻦ‬n. good, goodness; beauty ‫ﻛﻨﺎ ﻧﻨﻄﻠﻖ ﺍﻧﻄﻼﻗﺎﺕ ﻗﻮﻳﺔ ﻭﺟﺪﻳﺪﺓ ﺑﺘﺄﻳﻴﺪﻩ ﻭﺩﻋﻤﻪ‬ ‫ — ﻟﻨﺎ ﻭﺣﺴﻦ ﺗﻔﻬﻤﻪ ﻟﻌﻤﻠﻨﺎ ﻭﻧﺸﺎﻃﺎﺗﻨﺎ‬We set

The road to hell is full of people with good intentions 88 | 1761 |

out anew strongly, with his support for us activities

‫ ﹺﺳﻴﻨﹶﲈ‬n. cinema ‫— ﺍﳊﻴﺎﺓ ﰱ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﻗﻊ ﳐﺘﻠﻔﺔ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ﰱ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﻨﲈ‬

92 | 1693 |

Life in fact is different than it is in the

and his good understanding of our work and

1724

1730

cinema

‫ ﹶﺿ ﹶﺮﺭ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﴐﺍﺭ‬damage; injury, harm; n.

83 | 1854 |

evil, sin

and the Environment to investigate the

‫ ﹸﻣ ﹾﺮ ﹶﺗﺒﹺﻂ‬adj. connected, linked ‫ ﺏ‬to; in a relationship ‫ ﺏ‬with ‫ﺃﻧﺴﻴﺘﻢ ﺃﻥ ﻣﺼﲑﻧﺎ ﻣﺮﺗﺒﻂ ﺑﻤﺼﲑﻫﻢ؟ ﺇﻥ ﺑﺎﺩ ﻫﺆﻻﺀ‬ ‫ — ﻓﺴﺘﺤﻞ ﺑﻨﺎ ﺍﳍﺰﻳﻤﺔ‬Did you forget that our

damages caused by the sewer project to the

fate is connected to their fate? If they are

citizens and the ground water

annihilated, we will be defeated

86 | 1810 |

92 | 1679 |

‫ﻳﻨﺎﺷﺪ ﻣﻮﺍﻃﻦ ﻭﺯﻳﺮﻱ ﺍﳌﻴﺎﻩ ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻘﻖ ﻣﻦ ﺍﴐﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﴩﻭﻉ ﺍﻟﴫﻑ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻲ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻟﺴﻜﺎﻥ ﻭﺍﳌﻴﺎﻩ ﺍﳉﻮﻓﻴﺔ‬

1731

— A citizen calls on the Ministers of Water

1725

‫ ﹸﺳﻨﱠﺔ‬n. Sunna (orthodox Islam; body of

1732

‫ ﹶﺣ ﹾﻔ ﹶﻠﺔ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺣ ﹶﻔﻼﺕ‬party, ceremony,

Islamic law; customary procedure)

celebration

rulings from the Qur)an and the Sunna

Consular parties, and she was not comfortable

‫ﺭﺃﺗﻪ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺮﺓ ﰲ ﺣﻔﻼﺕ ﺍﻟﻘﻨﺼﻠﻴﺔ ﻭﱂ ﺗﺴﱰﺡ ﻟﻪ‬ ‫ — ﻗﻂ‬She saw him more than once in

‫ﻻ ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﺃﺧﺬ ﺍﻷﺣﻜﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﴩﻋﻴﺔ ﺇﻻ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ‬It is only possible to take legal

with him at all

82 | 1896 |

1726

‫ ﹶﺣ ﹶﺴﻦ‬adj. good; ‫ ﹶﺣ ﹶﺴﻨ ﹰﺎ‬adv. well; interj. good, fine, OK

96 | 1620 |

1723

‫ ﹶﺳ ﹾﻬﻞ‬n. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻫ ﹰﻼ ﹶﻭ ﹶﺳ ﹾﻬ ﹰﻼ‬interj. hello! welcome! ‫ﻣﺸﺎﻫﺪﻳﻨﺎ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﺍﻡ ﺃﻫﻼ ﻭﺳﻬﻼ ﺑﻜﻢ ﻣﻌﻨﺎ ﰲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻠﻘﺎﺀ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳋﺎﺹ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺪ ﳏﻤﻮﺩ ﻋﺒﺎﺱ‬Dear viewers, we welcome you to this special interview with

evening in the winter passes like the blinking of an eye

‫ ﹸﺳ ﹸﻠﻮﻙ‬n. behavior, conduct ‫ﺗﻠﻮﻡ ﻧﻔﺴﻬﺎ ﺑﺸﺪﺓ ﻷﳖﺎ ﱂ ﺗﺮ ﺇﺷﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻭﺍﺿﺤﺔ ﰱ‬ ‫ — ﺳﻠﻮﻙ ﺯﻭﺟﻬﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﺪﺍﻳﺔ‬She blames herself a lot because she didn’t see the obvious signs in

determination against the interference of Iraqi affairs

165

‫ ﺍﹺ ﹾﺳ ﹶﺘ ﹾﻘ ﹶﺒ ﹶﻞ‬v. X to meet, welcome, greet sb; to receive sth

‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﻧﺎﻇﺮ ﺍﳌﺤﻄﺔ ﻗﺪ ﺧﺮﺝ ﻳﺴﺘﻘﺒﻞ ﺍﻟﻘﻄﺎﺭ ﻭﲢﺪﺙ‬ ‫ — ﻗﻠﻴﻼ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺋﻖ‬The station master had left

93 | 1661 |

1733

‫ ﹶﺟ ﹺﺰ ﹶﻳﺮﺓ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﺟﺰﹸ ﺭ‬island; ‫ ﹺﺷ ﹾﺒﻪ ﹶﺟ ﹺﺰ ﹶﻳ ﹴﺔ‬peninsula; ‫ ) ﹺﺷ ﹾﺒﻪ( ﹶ‬the ‫ ﹶﺟ ﹺﺰ ﹶﻳﺮﺓ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻌ ﹶﺮﺏ‬and ‫ﺍﳉ ﹺﺰ ﹶﻳﺮﺓ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻌ ﹶﺮﺑﹺ ﱠﻴﺔ‬

Arabian Peninsula

to meet the train, and he spoke a little with

‫— ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺍﻟﺴﻔﻦ ﺭﺍﺳﻴﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﻘﺮﺏ ﻣﻦ ﺟﺰﻳﺮﺓ ﺃﺭﻭﺍﺩ‬

the driver

The ships were anchored near Arwad Island

87 | 1787 |

93 | 1669 |

166

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

1734

‫ ﺍﹺ ﹾﺳﺘﹶﻔﺎ ﹶﺩ‬v. X to benefit, profit ‫ ﹺﻣﻦ‬from, to make ‫ﹺ‬ use ‫ ﻣﻦ‬of ،‫ﺃﺭﺍﺩﺕ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﺔ ﺃﻥ ﺗﺴﺘﻔﻴﺪ ﺑﻨﺒﻮﻏﻪ ﰱ ﳎﺎﻝ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ — ﻓﺘﻢ ﻧﻘﻠﻪ ﺇﱃ ﺍﳌﺨﺎﺑﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ‬The state wanted to benefit from his genius in a new area, so he

their countries like you must stop criticizing them 86 | 1778 |

1741

-uun unknown person, unidentified person

was transferred to general intelligence

‫ ﻧﺤﻦ ﰲ‬..‫ﻟﻘﺪ ﻋﺜﺮﻧﺎ ﰲ ﻗﺒﻮ ﺍﳌﻘﻬﻰ ﻋﲆ ﺟﺜﺔ ﳎﻬﻮﻟﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﴩﻃﺔ‬We found in the cellar of the

93 | 1664 |

1735

‫ ﹺﺻ ﹶﻠﺔ‬n. pl. -aat link, connection; contact ‫ﺯﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺑﺪﻳﻦ ﻭﻏﺪ ﻭﻟﻜﻦ ﻻ ﺻﻠﺔ ﻟﻪ ﺑﺎﻟﺴﻠﻄﺔ‬ ‫ — ﻓﻀﻼ ﻋﻦ ﺃﻧﻪ ﳜﺸﺎﻫﺎ ﻻﻧﺤﺮﺍﻓﻪ‬Zain Al-Abdin is

coffee house an unidentified corpse...we are waiting for the police 89 | 1715 |

a scoundrel but he has no connection to the them because of his illegal activities

‫ ﹶﺻﻨ ﹶﹶﻊ‬v. I (a) to design, build; fabricate ‫ — ﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﺮﺏ ﻻ ﻳﺼﻨﻊ ﺷﻴﺌﺎ ﻋﲆ ﺳﺒﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺼﺪﻓﺔ‬The

88 | 1752 |

Lord does not do anything by chance

authorities based on the fact that he fears

1736

1742

88 | 1732 |

‫ﹶﺮﺍﺟﻊ‬ ‫ ﺗ ﹸ‬n. retreat, backing down/off ‫ ﻋﻦ‬from; decrease, decline

‫ ﻓﺮﺃﻳﻪ ﻧﺎﻓﺬ ﻭ ﻛﻠﻤﺘﻪ‬،‫ﻻ ﻳﻌﺮﻑ ﺍﻟﻮﻫﻦ ﺍﻭ ﺍﻟﱰﺍﺟﻊ‬ ‫ — ﻣﻄﺎﻋﺔ‬He doesn’t know weakness or retreat,

1743

since his opinion is carried out, and his word

1737

him immense wealth, so he needs to spend equal to his ability

84 | 1818 |

88 | 1737 |

‫ ﺍﹺ ﹾﻛﺘ ﹶﹶﺸ ﹶ‬v. VIII to discover sth; to detect, ‫ﻒ‬

1744

‫ — ﺍﻛﺘﺸﻒ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﻟﺴﺘﲔ ﺃﻧﻪ ﺃﺧﻄﺄ ﳌﺎ ﺗﺮﻙ ﺑﻼﺩﻩ‬He discovered after sixty that he made a mistake

you have imposed a siege, so that they

88 | 1751 |

have starved, and the cities to which you have brought destruction, so they were

‫ ﺗﹶ ﹶﺮ ﱠﺩ ﹶﺩ‬v. V to hesitate ‫ ﰲ‬to do sth; to pause, wait (an instant); to frequent ‫( ﻋﲆ‬a place);

annihilated 81 | 1882 |

to be repeated, occur repeatedly; to be widely discussed

‫ﻣﺎﻓﻴﺶ ﺩﺍﻋﻲ ﺗﺘﻌﺐ ﻧﻔﺴﻚ ﻳﺎ )ﻳﱰﺩﺩ ﻗﻠﻴﻼ( ﻳﺎ ﺃﺑﻴﻪ‬ ‫ — ﻋﺼﻤﺖ‬There is no need to wear yourself

1745

out (he hesitates a little), big brother Ismat

Libyan origin; he was born in the city of New York in 1970 to Libyan parents 67 | 2279 |

1740

‫ ﹶﻧ ﹾﻘﺪ‬n. criticism, critique ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻫﺮﺑﻮﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺑﻼﺩﻫﻢ ﻣﺜﻠﻚ ﳚﺐ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻜﻔﻮﺍ ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ — ﺗﻮﺟﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺪ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ‬Those who fled from

‫ ﹶﺯ ﹾﻳﺖ‬n. oil (food, mineral) ‫ﺗﻄﺶ ﻗﺮﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﻔﻠﻔﻞ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﺍ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﻵﺧﺮ ﰱ ﺍﻟﺰﻳﺖ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳌﻐﲆ ﻟﺘﻄﻬﻮ ﺃﻛﻠﺘﻬﺎ ﺍﳌﺤﺒﺒﺔ‬She plops the peppercorns one after the other into the

89 | 1717 |

‫ ﻟﹺﻴﺒﹺ ﹼﻲ‬n./adj. pl. -uun Libyan ‫ ﻭﻟﺪ ﰲ ﻣﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﻧﻴﻮﻳﻮﺭﻙ‬،‫ﻣﻄﺮ ﻛﺎﺗﺐ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺻﻞ ﻟﻴﺒﻲ‬ ‫ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺑﻮﻳﻦ ﻟﻴﺒﻴﲔ‬١٩٧٠ — Matar is an author of

‫ ﹺﺣﺼﺎﺭ‬n. siege, blockade ‫ﺃﺗﻜﻠﻢ ﺑﺎﺳﻢ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﻮﺏ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻓﺮﺿﺘﻢ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﺍﳊﺼﺎﺭ‬ ‫ ﻭﺍﳌﺪﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﲪﻠﺘﻢ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﺪﻣﺎﺭ ﻓﺒﺎﺩﺕ‬،‫— ﻓﺠﺎﻋﺖ‬ I speak on behalf of the people upon whom

when he left his country

1739

‫ ﹶﺛ ﹾﺮ ﹶﻭﺓ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺛ ﹶﺮﻭﺍﺕ‬wealth, fortune; abundance ‫ ﻓﻌﻠﻴﻪ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻨﻔﻖ‬،‫ ﺇﻥ ﺍﷲ ﺃﻋﻄﺎﻩ ﺛﺮﻭﺓ ﻃﺎﺋﻠﺔ‬:‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﻟﻨﻔﺴﻪ‬ ‫ — ﺑﲈ ﻳﻮﺍﺯ￯ ﻗﺪﺭﺗﻪ‬He said to himself: God gave

is obeyed

uncover sth

1738

‫ ﹶﻣ ﹾﺠ ﹸﻬﻮﻝ‬adj. unknown, unidentified; n. pl.

bubbling oil to cook her favorite food 89 | 1695 |

1746

‫ﺐ‬ ‫ ﹶﺳ ﹶﺤ ﹶ‬v. I (a) to withdraw (support); to take out, pull sth (‫ ﻋﻦ‬from) ‫ﻓﺘﺢ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺝ ﻭﺳﺤﺐ ﻣﻨﻪ ﻣﺴﺪﺳﻪ ﺍﻟﻌﺘﻴﻖ ﻣﻦ ﻧﻮﻉ‬ ‫ — ”ﺑﲑﺗﺎ“ ﺍﻟﺬ￯ ﺍﺷﱰﺍﻩ ﺃﻭﻝ ﻣﺎ ﺟﺎﺀ ﺇﱃ ﺍﳌﺪﻳﻨﺔ‬He opened the drawer and pulled out of it his old Beretta revolver which he had bought when he first came to the city 89 | 1694 |

Frequency index

1747

1748

‫ ﹺﻗ ﹶﺒﻞ‬n. ‫ ﹺﻣﻦ ﹺﻗ ﹶﺒ ﹺﻞ‬on the part of; by ‫— ﻻ ﺃﺑﺎﻟﻎ ﺇﻥ ﺗﺼﻮﺭﺕ ﺍﺣﺘﲈﻻﺕ ﻗﺘﻠﻚ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻠﻬﻢ‬

‫ﺍﳊﻘﻴﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻻ ﻧﺴﺘﻄﻴﻊ ﲡﺎﻭﺯﻫﺎ ﺃﻥ ﻟﻜﻞ ﺑﻠﺪ ﻋﺮﰊ ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ — ﺍﺟﻨﺒﻲ ﻋﺼﺎﺑﺔ ﺗﻨﺘﻔﻊ ﻣﻦ ﺧﲑﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﻠﺪ‬The truth

I don’t exaggerate if I imagine the chances

that we can’t get around is that every Arab or

of you being murdered by them

foreign country has a gang that benefits from

22 | 6731 |

the good things the country has 85 | 1764 |

‫ ﺇﹺ ﹾﺭﺳﺎﻝ‬vn. sending; deploying (troops);

n. transmission, broadcast; signal (cell phone)

‫ﺑﻌﺪ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻳﺘﻢ ﺇﺭﺳﺎﻝ ﺻﻮﺭﺓ ﻣﻦ ﻭﺛﻴﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺰﻭﺍﺝ ﺇﱃ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻞ ﺍﳌﺪﻧﻰ ﰱ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻫﺮﺓ‬After that, a copy of

1754

the marriage certificate should be sent to the

specifically for the occasion

94 | 1613 |

93 | 1621 |

‫( ﻛ ﹴ‬def. ‫ﹶﺮﺍﳼ‬ ‫ ﻛ ﹾﹸﺮ ﹺﺳ ﹼﻲ‬n. pl. ‫ﹶﺮﺍﺱ‬ ‫ )ﻛ ﹺ‬chair, seat ‫ ﻭﺟﻠﺲ‬،‫ﺩﻋﺎﳘﺎ ﻓﺮﻧﺎﻧﺪﻭ ﺇﱃ ﺍﳉﻠﻮﺱ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻷﺭﻳﻜﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺃﻣﺎﻣﻬﲈ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﳼ‬Fernando invited them to

1755

‫ — ﺗﺒﲔ ﺃﻥ ﺟﻮﺍﰊ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺃﻗﺮﺏ ﺍﻹﺟﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﺇﱃ ﺍﳊﻘﻴﻘﺔ‬It became clear that my answer was the closest

on the chair

answer to the truth

92 | 1639 |

92 | 1630 |

‫ ﹶﻃ ﹶﺒ ﹶﻘﺔ‬n. pl. -aat class, category, rank; level, layer

1756

‫ﳚﺮﻱ ﺍﻟﺘﺨﻄﻴﻂ ﻻﻧﺸﺎﺀ ﻓﺼﻞ ﻟﺘﺄﻫﻴﻞ ﺍﳌﻜﻔﻮﻓﲔ‬ ‫— ﻭﺿﻌﺎﻑ ﺍﻟﺒﴫ ﻭﺁﺧﺮ ﻟﺬﻭﻱ ﺍﻻﺣﺘﻴﺎﺟﺎﺕ ﺍﳋﺎﺻﺔ‬

layers, and we walk on its skin

Planning is currently being carried out to

90 | 1675 |

create a class to qualify blind people and

‫ ﹶﺻﺤﺎﻓﹺ ﹼﻲ‬adj. journalistic, press; n. journalist,

weak-sighted people, and another for those

‫ﻋﻘﺪ ﺍﻟﻮﺯﻳﺮ ﺣﺪﺍﺩ ﻣﺆﲤﺮﺍ ﺻﺤﺎﻓﻴﺎ ﻣﺸﱰﻛﺎ ﻣﻊ ﺭﺋﻴﺲ‬ ‫ — ﻭﻓﺪ ﺍﳌﻔﻮﺿﻴﺔ ﺍﻷﻭﺭﻭﺑﻴﺔ‬Minister Haddad held

85 | 1763 |

with special needs

reporter

a joint news conference with the head of the

1757

European Commission’s delegation 65 | 2329 |

1752

Communication at the American University of Dubai 93 | 1621 |

‫ ﹶﲡ ﹸﺎﻭﺯ‬vn. surmounting, overcoming;

‫ ﺇﹺﺭﺍ ﹶﺩﺓ‬n. desire, will ‫ﺍﳊﻜﻮﻣﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﻠﺴﻄﻴﻨﻴﺔ ﲤﺜﻞ ﺍﺭﺍﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺐ ﺍﻟﻔﻠﺴﻄﻴﻨﻲ ﰲ‬ ‫ — ﻇﻞ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﻧﺰﳞﺔ ﺷﻬﺪ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﱂ ﺑﻨﺰﺍﻫﺘﻬﺎ‬The Palestinian government represents the will

‫ ﹶﺃﻛ ﹶﹾﻤ ﹶﻞ‬v. IV to complete, finish sth ‫ﺳﻮﻑ ﺗﻜﻤﻞ ﺩﺭﺍﺳﺘﻬﺎ ﰲ ﻗﺴﻢ ﺍﻻﺗﺼﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﳌﺮﺋﻴﺔ ﰲ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳉﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴﺔ ﺑﺪﰊ‬She will finish

of the Palestinian people in light of the fair elections whose fairness the world witnessed 93 | 1614 |

her studies in the Department of Visual

1753

‫ ﺗﹶﺨﹾ ﻄﹺﻴﻂ‬n. planning, preparation; plan, sketch, diagram

‫ﺇﻥ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﻣﺆﻟﻔﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻃﺒﻘﺎﺕ ﻋﺪﻳﺪﺓ ﻭﻧﺤﻦ ﻧﺴﲑ ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻘﴩﺓ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ‬The earth is made up of several

1751

‫ ﹶﺗ ﹶﺒ ﱠﻴ ﹶﻦ‬v. V to become clear or evident (‫ ﹶﺃ ﱠﻥ‬that);

to appear, become visible

sit on the couch, and he sat in front of them

1750

‫ ﹶﺃﺯ ﹶﹾﺭﻕ‬adj. fem. ‫ ﺯﹶ ﹾﺭﻗﺎﺀ‬blue ‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﻳﺮﺗﺪ￯ ﺑﺪﻟﺔ ﺯﺭﻗﺎﺀ ﻣﺎﺭﻛﺔ ﻛﺮﻳﺴﺘﻴﺎﻥ ﺩﻳﻮﺭ ﺍﺷﱰﺍﻫﺎ‬ ‫ — ﺧﺼﻴﺼﺎ ﻟﻠﻤﻨﺎﺳﺒﺔ‬He was wearing a blue suit, Christian Dior brand, which he bought

civil records office in Cairo

1749

167

1758

‫ ﻧﹺﻘﺎﺵ‬n. argument, debate ‫ ﰱ‬..‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﺣﺪ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﻳﻌﻮﺩ ﻭﻳﻄﻠﻖ ﺯﻭﺟﺘﻪ ﺑﻼ ﻧﻘﺎﺵ‬ ‫ — ﺛﻼﺛﺔ ﺃﻋﻮﺍﻡ ﺗﻢ ﻃﻼﻕ ﻋﴩﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮﺃﺓ‬One of them would go back and divorce his wife without discussion...in three years 20 women

exceeding, going beyond, overstepping;

were divorced

disregarding, bypassing; n.

94 | 1600 |

violations

‫ﺎﻭﺯﺍﺕ‬ ‫ ﹶﲡ ﹸ‬abuses,

168

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

1759

‫ ﹸﻣﺘ ﹶﹶﺤﺪﱢ ﺙ‬n. fem. -a, spokesperson, speaker ‫ﻭﻗﺎﻟﺖ ﺍﳌﺘﺤﺪﺛﺔ ﺇﻧﻪ ﱂ ﺗﻘﻊ ﺧﺴﺎﺋﺮ ﺑﲔ ﻗﻮﺍﺕ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺎﻟﻒ ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻮﺍﺕ ﺍﳊﻜﻮﻣﻴﺔ ﺍﻷﻓﻐﺎﻧﻴﺔ‬The

1765

spokeswoman said that losses did not occur

‫ ﹺ‬adj. successful, winning; n. winner ‫ﻧﺎﺟﺢ‬ ‫ ﺃﻭ‬،‫ﺍﻟﺮﻭﺍﺋﻲ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺟﺢ ﻫﻮ ﺭﺟﻞ ﻳﻜﺬﺏ ﺑﺼﺪﻕ ﻣﺪﻫﺶ‬ ‫ — ﻫﻮ ﻛﺎﺫﺏ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ ﺃﺷﻴﺎﺀ ﺣﻘﻴﻘﻴﺔ‬The successful novelist is a man who lies with a surprising

among the allied forces and the Afghan

truth, or he is a liar who says true things

government troops

93 | 1602 |

77 | 1943 | +news

1760

‫ ﹺﻫ ﹾﺠ ﹶﺮﺓ‬n. migration; emigration, exodus, ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ flight; ‫ﺠ ﹶﺮﺓ ﺍﻟ ﹸﻌ ﹸﻘﻮﻝ‬ ‫ ﻫ ﹾ‬brain drain; ‫ ﺍﳍ ﹾﺠ ﹶﺮﺓ‬the

1766

Hijrah

‫ ﹶﺣ ﹺﺰﻳﻦ‬adj. sad, unhappy, sorrowful ‫ ﻓﻮﺟﺪ ﺯﻭﺟﺘﻪ ﳑﺪﺩﺓ ﻋﲆ‬،‫ﻋﺎﺩ ﺭﺃﻓﺖ ﺣﺰﻳﻨﺎ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺖ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻷﺭﻳﻜﺔ‬Ra’fat returned sadly to the house, and found his wife lying on the couch

‫ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﺴﻔﺎﺭﺓ ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴﺔ ﺣﻴﺚ ﻗﺪﻡ ﻃﻠﺒﺎ ﻟﻠﻬﺠﺮﺓ‬

80 | 1855 |

— He went to the American Embassy where he submitted a request for emigration 83 | 1812 |

1761

1767

‫ ﹶﺩﻭﺍﻡ‬n. office or business hours, work schedule; duration, time period; constancy,

matter ended up with him hitting his brother;

permanence

the neighbors intervened to separate them,

‫ﻭﺟﻮﺩﻙ ﻫﻨﺎ ﺍﺳﻌﺪﻧﺎ ﻛﺜﲑﺍ ﻣﺘﻤﻨﲔ ﻟﻜﻢ ﺩﻭﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺔ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻮﻓﻴﻖ‬Your presence here has made us

and he was put in the hospital because of a nervous attack

very happy, and we wish you continued health

85 | 1750 |

and success 93 | 1610 |

1762

1768

‫ ﹶﺧ ﹶ ﹺﴪ‬v. I (a) to fail, lose, suffer a loss; to lose

‫ﺇﻥ ﺃﺑﺎﻩ ﺃﻳﻀﺎ ﻛﺎﻥ ﳜﺪﻡ ﰱ ﺍﳉﻴﺶ ﺍﻟﱪﻳﻄﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫— ﰱ ﻓﺮﻗﺔ ﺍﳋﻴﺎﻟﺔ ﺃﺛﻨﺎﺀ ﺍﳊﺮﺏ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﳌﻴﺔ ﺍﳌﺎﺿﻴﺔ‬

‫ﺳﻮﻑ ﲣﴪ ﺍﻟﺒﻨﺖ ﺳﻨﺔ ﺩﺭﺍﺳﻴﺔ ﻭﻟﻜﻦ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺃﻓﻀﻞ‬ ‫ — ﻣﻦ ﺃﻥ ﲣﴪ ﻋﻤﺮﻫﺎ‬The girl will lose an

His father also was serving in the British

academic year but that is better than losing

Army Cavalry Division during the last

her life

World War

97 | 1533 |

1763

91 | 1631 |

1769

‫ ﹶﻣ ﹺ‬farm, plantation ‫ ﹶﻣﺰ ﹶﹾﺭﻉ‬n. pl. ‫ﺰﺍﺭﻉ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺖ ﺍﺑﺤﺚ ﻋﻦ ﻗﻄﻌﺔ ﺍﺭﺽ ﻻﻧﺸﺎﺀ ﻣﺰﺭﻋﺔ ﺻﻐﲑﺓ‬ ‫ — ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬I was searching for a plot of land to

Chinese study found that doing moderate

establish a small farm on it

physical exercise like housework protects

89 | 1667 |

you from the dangers of being stricken with ovarian cancer 91 | 1635 |

1764

‫ ﹶﺧﺪﹶ ﹶﻡ‬v. I (i,u) to serve, assist sb; to serve ‫ ﰲ ﹶ‬in the (‫ﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻮ ﹶﻃ ﹶ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬one’s country, ‫ﺍﳉ ﹾﻴﺶ‬ army)

(a game, one’s life, time)

‫ ﹺﺻﻴﻨ ﹺ ﹼﻲ‬n./adj. Chinese ‫ﻭﺟﺪﺕ ﺩﺭﺍﺳﺔ ﺍﺳﱰﺍﻟﻴﺔ ﺻﻴﻨﻴﺔ ﺍﻥ ﳑﺎﺭﺳﺔ ﻧﺸﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﲏ ﻣﻌﺘﺪﻝ ﻣﺜﻞ ﺍﻷﻋﲈﻝ ﺍﳌﻨﺰﻟﻴﺔ ﺗﻘﻴﻚ ﳐﺎﻃﺮ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻹﺻﺎﺑﺔ ﺑﴪﻃﺎﻥ ﺍﳌﺒﻴﺾ‬An Australian-

‫ ﹶﺷ ﹺﻘﻴﻖ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹺﺷ ﹼﻘﺎﺀ‬brother, full brother ‫ﲡﺎﺩﻻ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺍﻧﺘﻬﻰ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﺑﺄﻥ ﴐﺑﻪ ﺷﻘﻴﻘﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺗﺪﺧﻞ ﺍﳉﲑﺍﻥ ﻟﻠﺘﻔﺮﻳﻖ ﺑﻴﻨﻬﲈ ﻭﺃﺩﺧﻞ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﺸﻔﻰ‬ ‫ — ﺑﺴﺒﺐ ﻧﻮﺑﺔ ﻋﺼﺒﻴﺔ‬They argued until the

1770

‫ ﹶﺟ ﹼﺮﺍﺀ‬n. ‫ ﹶﺟ ﹼﺮﺍ ﹶﺀ‬and ‫ ﹺﻣﻦ ﹶﺟ ﹼﺮ ﹺﺍﺀ‬because of, as a result of

‫ﻓﻘﺪ ﺍﺑﻦ ﻋﻤﻲ ﻋﻨﺰ ﻧﺼﻒ ﺃﺭﺿﻪ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ ﺍﳌﺎﴈ ﺟﺮﺍﺀ‬ ‫— ﻋﺠﺰﻩ ﻋﻦ ﺩﻓﻊ ﺍﺳﺘﺤﻘﺎﻗﻪ ﻻﺑﻦ ﺟﺰﻣﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻀﲑﻱ‬

‫ﹶﺴﺎﺀ ﹶﻝ‬ ‫ ﺗ ﹶ‬v. VI to ask oneself, wonder, ponder ‫ ﻣﺎ ﺍﻟﺬ￯ ﺃﺗﻰ ﲠﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺎﺓ ﺍﻟﺮﻳﻔﻴﺔ‬:‫ﻻ ﺑﺪ ﺃﻧﻪ ﺗﺴﺎﺀﻝ‬ ‫ — ﺇﱃ ﺃﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ؟‬He must have wondered: What

My cousin Anz lost half his land last year as

is it that brought this farm-girl to America?

Ibn Jazma Al-Nadiri

86 | 1730 |

85 | 1746 |

a result of his inability to pay his mortgage to

Frequency index

1771

‫ ﺭﺍﺋﹺﺪ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﺭ ﹼﻭﺍﺩ‬pioneer, explorer; leader; ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ (mil.) major, commandant; ‫ﺭﺍﺋﺪ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻔﻀﺎﺀ‬

in harsh detention circumstances because

astronaut; adj. pioneering, leading

administration

of the lack of food offered from the prison

‫ﺻﻼﺡ ﺃﺑﻮﺳﻴﻒ ﻣﻦ ﺭﻭﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﻨﲈ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ‬ ‫ — ﺳﺎﳘﻮﺍ ﰲ ﺑﻨﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﻨﲈ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﻗﻌﻴﺔ‬Salah Abu Saif is one of the pioneers of Arab cinema who participated in building realistic cinema 86 | 1721 |

1772

95 | 1555 |

1773

‫ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻠﻜﹺ ﹼﻲ‬adj. royal; of or relating to a kingdom ‫ﻋﲔ ﺃﺳﺘﺎﺫﺍ ﻟﻠﻔﻠﺴﻔﺔ ﺍﻻﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﰲ ﺍﳌﻜﺘﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻠﻜﻲ ﻭﻣﺪﺭﺳﺎ ﻟﻶﺩﺍﺏ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﰲ ﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻔﻨﻮﻥ‬He was appointed a professor

‫ ﹺﻗ ﱠﻠﺔ‬n. scarcity, lack of; small number or

of Islamic Philosophy in the Royal Office,

amount of

and a teacher of Arabic Literature in Dar

‫ﻳﻌﻴﺸﻮﻥ ﰲ ﻇﺮﻭﻑ ﺍﻋﺘﻘﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻗﺎﺳﻴﺔ ﺑﺴﺒﺐ ﻗﻠﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻄﻌﺎﻡ ﺍﳌﻘﺪﻡ ﻣﻦ ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻮﻥ‬They live

169

Al-Funun 80 | 1849 |

23 Electronics, Computers, Phones, Web 161 243 338 351 431 457 643 762 777 1016 1067 1176 1227 1228 1276 1297 1306 1399 1562 1598 1748 1812 1845 1893 1915 1919 2096 2111

‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻢ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺧﻂ‬ ‫ﻃﻠﺐ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ ﻛﻮﻣﺒﻴﻮﺗﺮ‬/ ‫ﻛﻤﺒﻴﻮﺗﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﻠﻔﺰﻳﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺩﻕ‬ ‫ﻫﺎﺗﻒ‬ ‫ﺣﻔﻆ‬ ‫ﻟﻮﺣﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺴﺠﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺫﺍﻛﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻜﱰﻭﲏ‬ ‫ﺗﻠﻔﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﺷﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﺭﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻔﺘﺎﺡ‬ ‫ﺧﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﺼﻞ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻋ ﹼﻠﻖ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﺪﻳﻮ‬

program

2112

(web) site

2129

device

2226

number

2258

(phone) line

2311

to dial (a phone

2396

number)

2435

URL

2503

network

2552

file, document

2556

computer

3071

television

3182

to ring; to call

3469

telephone

3628

to save

3640

board;

3808

‫ﻟﻮﺣﺔ ﺍﳌﻔﺎﺗﻴﺢ‬: keyboard recording;

‫ﺟﻬﺎﺯ ﺗﺴﺠﻴﻞ‬: recorder

3912 4047 4141

memory

4179

electronic

4219

telephone screen

4274

signal (cell phone)

4668

‫ﺍﻟﱪﻳﺪ ﺍﻹﻟﻜﱰﻭﲏ‬: email

4788

key

4809

cell

4944

to hang up radio; broadcasting

4947

to hang up

4960

video

‫ﻓﻀﺎﺋﻲ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻣﻜﺎﳌﺔ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺑﻂ‬ ‫ﺿﻐﻂ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻝ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﹼﺑﻮﺍﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﳐﺎﺑﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﲢﺪﻳﺚ‬ ‫ﻫﺎﺗﻔﻲ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﻓﻀﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺍﺻﻞ‬ ‫ﳏﻤﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺩﻳﻮ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻔﺬ‬ ‫ﺗﻠﻔﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﺧﱰﻕ‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻴﺐ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻧﺔ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﺳﻮﺏ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﺳﺐ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺭﻥ‬ ‫ﻋ ﹼﻴﻂ‬ ‫ﻧ ﹼﻘﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺇﻳﻤﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺹ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺑﺎﻳﻞ‬ ‫ﻛﺒﺲ‬

satellite (web) server phone call link to click mobile phone portal phone conversation update (website) telephone (adj.) satellite station to get in touch with mobile phone radio port television to hack into (video clip) field, cell, box for answers computer calculator;

‫ﺍﳊﺎﺳﺐ ﺍﻵﱄ‬: omputer to ring; to call to call (Alg.) mobile phone email disk;

‫ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺹ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺐ‬:

hard drive mobile phone to press (key); to dial; to click

170

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

1774

‫ ﹸﻣ ﹶﻮ ﱠﺣﺪ‬adj. united, unified; standardized,

1780

normalized

‫ﻫﻞ ﺳﺘﺆﻳﺪ ﺻﺪﻭﺭ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﻣﻮﺣﺪ ﻟﺒﻨﺎﺀ ﺍﳌﺴﺎﺟﺪ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺍﻟﻜﻨﺎﺋﺲ؟‬Will you support the issuance

institute for languages will be opened in the

of a unified law for the building of mosques

Information Center

and churches?

79 | 1846 |

85 | 1747 |

1775

‫ ﺍﹺ ﹾﻓﺘﹺﺘﺎﺡ‬n. opening, inauguration ‫ﺳﻴﺘﻢ ﺧﻼﻝ ﺍﻟﺸﻬﺮ ﺍﳊﺎﱄ ﺍﻓﺘﺘﺎﺡ ﻣﻌﻬﺪ ﻟﻠﻐﺎﺕ ﺑﻤﺮﻛﺰ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‬During the current month, an

outfitted

‫ ﹶﺳ ﹺﻔﻴﻨﹶﺔ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﺳ ﹸﻔﻦ‬ship, vessel ‫ﻭﻟﻦ ﻳﻠﺒﺚ ﺻﻮﺗﻪ ﺍﻷﺟﺶ ﺃﻥ ﳚﻠﺠﻞ ﰱ ﺍﳊﺠﺮﺓ ﺑﻨﱪﺓ‬ ‫ ﻭﻛﺄﻧﻪ ﻗﺒﻄﺎﻥ ﺳﻔﻴﻨﺔ ﻋﲆ ﻭﺷﻚ ﺍﻟﻐﺮﻕ‬، ‫ﺩﺭﺍﻣﻴﺔ ﻣﻨﺬﺭﺓ‬

they run away, when dinner was ready?

voice was reverberating in the room with a

‫ ﹺ‬adj. ready, prepared; equipped, ‫ﺟﺎﻫﺰ‬

1781

— And it was not long before his gravelly

‫ — ﳌﺎﺫﺍ ﻫﺮﺑﻮﺍ ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﺸﺎﺀ ﺟﺎﻫﺰﺍ؟‬Why did

scary, dramatic tone, as if he were the captain

97 | 1524 |

of a ship that was about to sink 1776

‫ ﹺ‬adj. present, current ‫ﺭﺍﻫﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﺤﻦ ﰲ ﺯﻣﻦ ﻳﺘﻜﺎﺛﺮ ﻓﻴﻪ ﺍﻻﻛﺘﺌﺎﺏ ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻠﻖ ﺑﺴﺒﺐ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻷﻭﺿﺎﻉ ﺍﻟﺮﺍﻫﻨﺔ‬We are in a time in which

87 | 1683 |

1782

depression and despair are prevalent because of the current conditions

I said I’ll go to the house of the director so

80 | 1840 |

1777

that perhaps I might find him and find out from him the reasons for the arrest of the author,

‫ ﹸﺩ ﹾﺳﺘ ﹺ‬adj. constitutional ‫ﻱ‬ ‫ﹸﻮﺭ ﹼ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﻠﻮﺏ ﻣﻨﻲ ﺍﳌﻮﺍﻓﻘﺔ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺪﻳﻼﺕ ﺍﻟﺪﺳﺘﻮﺭﻳﺔ‬ ‫ — ﻟﻘﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺍﻻﺭﻫﺎﺏ ﻭﺃﻧﺎ ﻻ ﺃﻋﺮﻑ ﻣﻀﻤﻮﻧﻪ؟‬I have been asked to agree to the constitutional amendments for the law of terrorism, and I

and I found that he had also been arrested 78 | 1886 |

1783

don’t know its contents? 66 | 2233 |

1778

‫ ﺭﺍﺗﹺﺐ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺭﻭﺍﺗﹺﺐ‬salary, wage, pay ‫ ﻭﻫﻰ‬،‫ﻣﺎ ﺍﻟﺬ￯ ﺟﻌﻠﻬﺎ ﺗﴪﻑ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻹﴎﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻠﻢ ﺃﻥ ﺭﺍﺗﺐ ﺯﻭﺟﻬﺎ ﻻ ﻳﺘﺠﺎﻭﺯ ﺛﻼﺛﺔ ﺟﻨﻴﻬﺎﺕ‬ ‫ — ﻛﻞ ﺷﻬﺮ؟‬What made her overspend like that, when she knows that her husband’s

matter later 85 | 1721 |

1784

a month? 91 | 1606 |

‫ ﹶﺃ ﹶﻣ ﹶﻞ‬v. I (u) to hope ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻥ‬or ‫ ﰲ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻥ‬that; to hope for, expect (‫ﰲ‬/‫ )ﺏ‬sth, ‫ ﻣﻦ‬from sth/sb ‫ﻧﺤﻦ ﺃﻳﻀﺎ ﻳﺎ ﺻﺪﻳﻘﻲ ﺃﲪﺪ ﺳﻌﺪﺍﺀ ﺑﺮﺳﺎﻟﺘﻚ ﻭﻧﺄﻣﻞ ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻳﺘﺴﻨﻰ ﻟﻚ ﺩﺍﺋﲈ ﻣﺮﺍﺳﻠﺘﻨﺎ ﻭﺍﳌﺸﺎﺭﻛﺔ ﰲ ﻣﺴﺎﺑﻘﺎﺗﻨﺎ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬My friend Ahmad, we are also happy

‫ ﹺ‬adj. later, subsequent; next, following; ‫ﻻﺣﻖ‬ ‫ ﹺ‬shortly, soon ‫ﻻﺣﻘ ﹰﺎ‬ ..‫ﺍﺫﻫﺒﻲ ﺃﻧﺖ ﺍﻵﻥ ﻟﺘﺴﺘﺤﻤﻲ ﻭﺗﻐﲑﻱ ﻣﻼﺑﺴﻚ‬ ‫ — ﺳﻨﺘﺤﺪﺙ ﺑﺎﻷﻣﺮ ﻻﺣﻘﺎ‬Go shower now and change your clothes...We will speak of the

salary does not exceed three pounds

1779

‫ ﺍﹺ ﹾﻋﺘﹺﻘﺎﻝ‬n. pl. -aat arrest, detention ‫ﻗﻠﺖ ﻷﺫﻫﺐ ﺍﱃ ﺑﻴﺖ ﺍﳌﺨﺮﺝ ﻋﲇ ﺃﺟﺪﻩ ﻓﺄﻋﺮﻑ ﻣﻨﻪ‬ ‫— ﺃﺳﺒﺎﺏ ﺍﻋﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺗﺐ ﻓﻮﺟﺪﺗﻪ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﻼ ﻫﻮ ﺍﻵﺧﺮ‬

‫ ﹶﺿ ﱢﻴﻖ‬adj. narrow, restricted, tight ‫ ﺑﺴﺒﺐ ﻭﺭﻕ ﺍﳊﺎﺋﻂ‬،‫ ﻭﳛﻤﻞ‬،‫ﺍﳌﻜﺎﻥ ﺿﻴﻖ ﻟﻜﻨﻪ ﻧﻈﻴﻒ‬ ‫ ﻃﺒﺎﻋﺎ ﻏﺮﺑﻴﺎ‬،‫ﺍﳌﻨﻘﻮﺵ ﻭﻣﺼﺎﺑﻴﺢ ﺍﻹﺿﺎﺀﺓ ﻏﲑ ﺍﳌﺒﺎﴍﺓ‬ ‫ — ﺃﻧﻴﻘﺎ ﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻧﺮﺍﻩ ﰲ ﺍﻷﻓﻼﻡ ﺍﻷﺟﻨﺒﻴﺔ‬The place is narrow but it is clean, and it carries, because of the engraved wallpaper and the indirect lighting lamps, an elegant, Western character 95 | 1534 |

with your letter and hope that you will be able

‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺧﺬ‬n. taking; seizure ‫— ﺃﻧﺖ ﻗﺎﺩﺭﺓ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻟﻌﻄﺎﺀ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺪﺭﺗﻚ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻷﺧﺬ‬

to always write us and participate in our

You are able to give more than you are able to

cultural competitions

take

85 | 1716 |

86 | 1692 |

1785

Frequency index

1786

1787

‫ ﹶﻗ ﹾﱪ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﻗ ﹸﺒﻮﺭ‬tomb, sepulcher ‫ﺃﻭﺻﺎﻩ ﳎﺪ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺑﺄﻥ ﻻ ﻳﻜﻠﻒ ﺃﻣﻪ ﻣﺸﻘﺔ ﺍﳊﻀﻮﺭ‬ ‫ — ﻟﺰﻳﺎﺭﺓ ﻗﱪ ﺍﺑﻨﻬﺎ‬Magd Al-Din advised him to

1792

inferior, low, near; n./adj. minimum

not make his mother go through the trouble of coming to visit the grave of her son

the first time without the slightest change

80 | 1811 |

85 | 1695 |

‫ ﹶﻋ ﹺ‬adj. wonderful, amazing; astonishing, ‫ﺠﻴﺐ‬

1793

‫ — ﻟﺴﺖ ﺃﺩﺭﻱ ﻛﻴﻒ ﺃﻗﺺ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳊﻜﺎﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺠﻴﺒﺔ‬I don’t

houses

88 | 1647 |

‫ ﺗ ﹶﹶﻤ ﱠﺜ ﹶﻞ‬v. V to be represented, be incorporated ‫ ﰲ‬in sth; to appear, be seen ‫ ﰲ‬in sth ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻳﺔ ﺗﺘﻤﺜﻞ ﰲ ﻗﻠﺔ ﺍﻻﻗﺒﺎﻝ ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﻄﺎﻉ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ ﺑﺴﺒﺐ ﻗﻠﺔ ﺍﳌﺰﺍﻳﺎ ﻭﻗﻠﺔ ﻧﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻞ ﺍﳌﺮﺃﺓ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﻄﺎﻉ ﺍﳌﴫﰲ ﻭﺍﻻﺳﺘﺜﲈﺭﻱ ﻭﺍﻟﺼﻨﺎﻋﻲ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺍﳌﻬﻨﻲ‬The economic challenges are represented by a lack of willingness to work in the private sector because of the lack of

87 | 1664 |

1794

the blessing of love! 94 | 1549 |

1795

‫ ﻟﻮ‬..‫ ﺯﻭﺟﺎ ﻻ ﺑﺄﺱ ﺑﻪ‬- ‫ ﺑﺤﺴﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻞ‬- ‫ﻭﺟﺪﺗﻪ‬ ‫ — ﺍﺳﺘﻄﺎﻋﺖ ﻓﻘﻂ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻨﺴﻰ ﻣﻼﳏﻪ ﺍﻟﻐﻠﻴﻈﺔ‬She

professional sectors

found him, intellectually speaking, not to be a

85 | 1701 |

bad husband...if only she could forget his ungainly features 88 | 1648 |

1796

professional wrestling on the sports channel 87 | 1662 |

1790

‫ ﺍﹺﻧﹾﺘﹺﺼﺎﺭ‬n. pl. -aat victory, triumph ‫ﳎﺮﺩ ﺟﻠﻮﺱ ﻛﻞ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻷﻃﺮﺍﻑ ﻋﲆ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻄﺎﻭﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻳﻌﺘﱪ ﺍﻧﺘﺼﺎﺭﺍ ﳌﻦ ﻧﺎﺩ￯ ﺑﺎﻟﺪﺑﻠﻮﻣﺎﺳﻴﺔ ﻭﺑﺎﳊﻠﻮﻝ‬ ‫— ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﻴﺔ ﻭﻟﻴﺲ ﺑﺎﳊﻠﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻌﺴﻜﺮﻳﺔ ﻣﻨﺬ ﺍﻟﺒﺪﺍﻳﺔ‬

‫ ﹶﺳ ﹾﻄﺢ‬n. surface ‫ﻣﻮﺳﻴﻘﺎﻫﺎ ﺃﺛﺎﺭﺕ ﻣﺸﺎﻋﺮﻧﺎ ﻛﺤﺮﻛﺔ ﺭﻳﺢ ﻋﲆ ﺳﻄﺢ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳌﺎﺀ‬Her music stirred up our feelings like a breeze over the water 88 | 1642 |

1797

Just having all these parties sitting around this

￯‫ ﺍﹺ ﹾﺣﺘ ﹶﹶﻮ‬v. VIII to contain, include ‫ ﻋﲆ‬sth ‫ﳛﺘﻮﻱ ﺍﳌﻮﻗﻊ ﻋﲆ ﻋﺪﺩ ﻛﺒﲑ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﻄﺎﻗﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺋﻌﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳌﺼﻤﻤﺔ ﺑﱪﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﻓﻼﺵ‬The site contains a large number of exquisite cards designed with

table is considered a victory for those who called for diplomacy and political solutions,

the Flash program

and not military solutions from the beginning

85 | 1705 |

83 | 1750 |

1791

‫ ﹶﺑ ﹾﺄﺱ‬n. ‫ ﻻ ﹶﺑ ﹾﺄ ﹶﺱ ﺑﹺ ﹺﻪ‬not a bad...at all; ‫ﻻﺑﺎﺱ‬ /la-bas/ (Magh.) adj. fine, good (lit. not bad)

in the banking, investment, industrial, and

to bed until he watches a complete match of

‫ ﻧﹺ ﹾﻌ ﹶﻤﺔ‬n. pl. ‫ ﻧﹺ ﹶﻌﻢ‬blessing, grace !‫ ﻓﻼ ﲢﺮﻣﻨﺎ ﻧﻌﻤﺔ ﺍﳊﺐ‬، ‫— ﻟﻘﺪ ﺣﺮﻣﻨﺎ ﺃﺷﻴﺎﺀ ﻛﺜﲑﺓ‬ We were denied many things, so don’t deny us

benefits and the small ratio of women working

‫ﺷﺎﻫﺪﹶ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬v. III to see, watch, observe sth/sb ‫ﻻ ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻨﺎﻡ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺸﺎﻫﺪ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻟﻘﻨﺎﺓ ﺍﻟﺮﻳﺎﺿﻴﺔ‬ ‫ — ﻣﺒﺎﺭﺍﺓ ﻛﺎﻣﻠﺔ ﰱ ﻣﺼﺎﺭﻋﺔ ﺍﳌﺤﱰﻓﲔ‬He can’t go

‫ ﹸﳎ ﹺ‬adj. neighboring, adjacent ‫ﺎﻭﺭ‬ ‫ — ﴎﻋﺎﻥ ﻣﺎ ﺍﺣﱰﻕ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺖ ﺛﻢ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﻮﺕ ﺍﳌﺠﺎﻭﺭﺓ‬The house quickly burned, and then the neighboring

know how to tell you this amazing story

1789

‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺩﻧﹶﻰ‬elat. lower/lowest, nearer/nearest; adj. ‫ﺃﺭﻳﺪ ﺃﻥ ﺃﻋﻴﺪ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺖ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﻳﻢ ﻛﲈ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺃﻭﻝ ﻣﺮﺓ ﺩﻭﻥ ﺃﺩﻧﻰ‬ ‫ — ﺗﻐﻴﲑ‬I want to make the old house as it was

strange

1788

171

‫ ﹸﻫﻨﺎﻟﹺ ﹶ‬adv. there, over there; there is, there are ‫ﻚ‬ ‫ﺍﺗﺼﻠﺖ ﺑﻤﺪﻳﺮ ﺍﳌﺸﻔﻰ ﻭﻫﻮ ﻳﺆﻛﺪ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻟﻴﺲ ﻫﻨﺎﻟﻚ ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ — ﻳﺪﻋﻮ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﻖ‬I contacted the director of

1798

‫ ﹶﺃ ﹶﺷﺪﹼ‬elat. stronger/strongest; more/most intense

‫ﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﲣﺸﻰ ﻗﻴﺎﻡ ﺣﺮﺏ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﺓ ﺗﻜﻮﻥ ﺃﺷﺪ ﻓﺘﻜﺎ‬ ‫ — ﻣﻦ ﺍﳊﺮﺏ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻘﺔ‬People are afraid of a new

the hospital and he confirmed that there is

war arising that would be more deadly than

nothing that calls for despair

the previous war

82 | 1772 |

88 | 1638 |

172

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

1799

‫ ﻏﹶﻨ ﹺ ﹼﻲ‬adj. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃﻏﹾﻨﹺﻴﺎ‬rich, wealthy ‫ ﻭﺑﺎﺳﺘﻄﺎﻋﺘﻚ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻌﺜﺮ￯ ﻋﲆ ﺳﻜﻦ‬،‫ﺃﻧﺖ ﺍﻵﻥ ﻏﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺑﺴﻬﻮﻟﺔ‬You are now rich, and you can find

1805

flag, banner; (mil.) brigade

‫ﺗﺪﺭﺝ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺮﺗﺐ ﺍﻟﻌﺴﻜﺮﻳﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺭﺗﺒﺔ ﻣﻼﺯﻡ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺭﺗﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻮﺍﺀ ﺭﻛﻦ ﺷﻐﻞ ﺧﻼﳍﺎ ﻋﺪﻳﺪﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻮﻇﺎﺋﻒ ﻣﺜﻞ ﻗﺎﺋﺪ‬ ‫ — ﻓﺼﻴﻞ‬He advanced in military rank from

housing easily 93 | 1540 |

1800

the rank of lieutenant to the rank of major

‫ ﹶﺭ ﹾﻭ ﹶﻋﺔ‬n. magnificence, splendor, beauty;

general, during which he occupied a number

(Gul.) adj. (invar.) beautiful, great, fantastic,

of jobs like platoon leader

awesome

74 | 1940 |

،‫ ﺇﻻ ﺭﻭﻋﺔ ﲨﺎﳍﺎ ﻭﺳﺤﺮﻫﺎ‬،‫ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ‬،‫ﻛﻨﺖ ﻻ ﺃﺭ￯ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ — ﺍﳋﺎﺭﺟﻴﲔ‬I only saw in her, previously, magic

‫ ﹶﺣ ﹾﻘﻞ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﺣ ﹸﻘﻮﻝ‬field ،‫ﺃﻗﺎﻡ ﺣﻘﻮﻝ ﺍﻷﻟﻐﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﻜﺜﻴﻔﺔ ﺑﻴﻨﻪ ﻭﺑﲔ ﺍﳉﻴﺶ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻣﻦ‬ ‫ — ﺣﻘﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﻄﺎﻥ ﺍﳉﺒﺎﺭﺓ‬He set up thick mine

65 | 2217 | +for

fields between him and the eighth Army, the

1806

the outward splendor of her beauty and her

1801

‫ ﻟﹺﻮﺍﺀ‬n. (mil.) major general; district, province;

mighty fields of Satan

‫ ﹶﺧ ﱠﺺ‬v. I (u) to concern, affect, relate to

84 | 1706 |

sb/sth; (often with neg.) to be sb’s business or concern; to choose, select, single out sth/sb;

‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﺺ‬ ‫ ﻓﻴﲈ ﹶﹸﳜ ﱡ‬in regard to,

1807

with respect to

￯‫ﺃﻧﺎ ﻃﺒﻌﺎ ﻻ ﺃﻋﺮﻑ ﻫﻞ ﺍﳌﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﳜﺺ ﺃﴎﺓ ﺩﻳﻤﱰ‬ ‫ ﻟﻜﻦ ﻋﲆ ﺃ￯ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺩﻳﻤﱰ￯ ﰱ ﺃﺯﻣﺔ ﺳﺘﺘﻀﺢ‬،‫ﺃﻡ ﻏﲑﻫﺎ‬ ‫ — ﻣﻊ ﺍﻷﻳﺎﻡ‬Of course, I don’t know whether

light on the link between morals and religion and on some modernist phenomena

the subject relates to Dimitri’s family or some

94 | 1537 |

other family, but in any case Dimitri is having a crisis which will become clear as the days go by

1808

95 | 1513 |

1802

‫ ﺍﹺ ﹾﺑﺘ ﹶﹶﺴ ﹶﻢ‬v. VIII to smile (‫ ﻝ‬at sb) ‫ﱂ ﻳﻤﻠﻚ ﰱ ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺎﻳﺔ ﻏﲑ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺒﺘﺴﻢ ﻓﺰﺍﻝ ﺍﻟﺮﻋﺐ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ — ﻋﲆ ﻭﺟﻬﻰ ﻫﻼﻝ ﻭﻋﺎﻣﺮ‬The only thing

and Amer

sarcastic expression, but as soon as he begins to talk his face takes on a serious look 91 | 1585 |

1809

74 | 1951 | +lit

1803

‫ ﹶﻭ ﹾﻋﺪ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹸﻭﻋﹸﻮﺩ‬promise, pledge ‫ﺍﻟﺼﲔ ﺗﻨﺘﺰﻉ ﻭﻋﺪﺍ ﻣﻦ ﻛﻮﺭﻳﺎ ﺍﻟﺸﲈﻟﻴﺔ ﺑﻌﺪﻡ ﺇﺟﺮﺍﺀ‬ ￯‫ — ﲡﺮﺑﺔ ﻧﻮﻭﻳﺔ ﺃﺧﺮ‬China extracted a promise from North Korea to not carry out another

‫ﺒﺎﺭﻙ‬ ‫ ﹸﻣ ﹶ‬adj. blessed; lucky, fortunate ‫ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺍﻷﴎﺓ ﰲ ﻣﻜﺔ ﻷﺩﺍﺀ ﺷﻌﺎﺋﺮ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺮﺓ ﰲ ﺷﻬﺮ‬ ‫ — ﺭﻣﻀﺎﻥ ﺍﳌﺒﺎﺭﻙ‬The family was in Mecca to

nuclear test 95 | 1509 |

perform the rites of the Minor Pilgrimage in the blessed month of Ramadan

‫ ﺟﺎ ﹼﺩ‬adj. earnest, serious ‫ ﻟﻜﻨﻪ‬،‫ﻻﺣﻈﺖ ﺃﻥ ﻋﻴﻨﻴﻪ ﺗﻌﻜﺴﺎﻥ ﺩﻭﻣﺎ ﺗﻌﺒﲑﺍ ﺳﺎﺧﺮﺍ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ ﺇﻥ ﻳﺒﺪﺃ ﰱ ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺚ ﺣﺘﻰ ﻳﻜﺘﺴﺐ ﻭﺟﻬﻪ ﻃﺎﺑﻌﺎ ﺟﺎﺩﺍ‬ — I noticed that his eyes always reflect a

he could do in the end was smile, and the terror disappeared from the faces of Hilal

‫ ﹸﺧ ﹾﻠﻖ‬n. ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺧﻼﻕ‬character, personality, ‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﺧﻼﻕ‬morals, ethics ‫ﻳﺴﻠﻂ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻀﻮﺀ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺑﻂ ﺑﲔ ﺍﻷﺧﻼﻕ ﻭﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ‬ ‫ — ﻭﻋﲆ ﺑﻌﺾ ﻣﻈﺎﻫﺮ ﺍﳊﺪﺍﺛﺔ‬The book shines a temperament;

1810

87 | 1659 |

‫ ﹸﺑﻜ ﹶﹾﺮﺓ‬and ‫( ﹸﺑﻜﹾﺮﺍ‬Egy.Lev.Gul.) adv. tomorrow ‫ — ﻋﻴﺪ ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻱ ﺑﻜﺮﻩ‬My birthday is tomorrow 60 | 2382 | +spo

1804

‫ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻏ ﹶﻠﺐ‬elat. most, majority ‫ﻻ ﺃﺩﺭﻱ ﳌﺎﺫﺍ ﺗﻜﻮﻥ ﺃﻏﻠﺐ ﺣﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﻟﻮﻻﺩﺓ ﰲ ﻣﻨﺘﺼﻒ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻠﻴﻞ‬I don’t know why most cases of birth happen in the middle of the night

‫ ﹸﺳﻨ ﹼﱢﻲ‬n./adj. pl. ‫ ﹸﺳﻨﱠﺔ‬Sunni ‫ﺍﻧﻨﻲ ﺳﻨﻲ ﻣﺘﺰﻭﺝ ﻣﻦ ﺷﻴﻌﻴﺔ ﻭﻗﺪ ﺗﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﺘﻲ‬ ‫— ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭﺓ ﺍﱃ ﺍﻟﺰﻋﻔﺮﺍﻧﻴﺔ ﻷﺳﻜﻦ ﻭﺳﻂ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺯﻭﺟﺘﻲ‬

93 | 1545 |

I am a Sunni married to a Shiite, and I have

1811

Frequency index

left my area, Al-Dora, Al-Zafraniya to live

1818

‫ﺍﺿﺎﻑ ﺟﻼﻟﺘﻪ ﰲ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻠﺔ ﻧﴩﲥﺎ ﺻﺤﻴﻔﺔ ﺍﻟﻠﻮﻣﻮﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻧﺴﻴﺔ ﺍﻣﺲ ﺍﻥ ﺍﴎﺍﺋﻴﻞ ﲣﻄﻰﺀ ﺍﺫﺍ ﻇﻨﺖ ﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻣﻜﺎﳖﺎ ﻏﺴﻞ ﻳﺪﳞﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﺸﻜﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﻠﺴﻄﻴﻨﻴﺔ ﻭﺭﻣﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ — ﻋﲆ ﺍﻻﺭﺩﻥ‬His Majesty added, in an

82 | 1752 |

1813

‫ﹶﹺ‬ ‫ ﹶﺑ ﹺﺮﻳﺪ‬n. mail, postal service; post office; ‫ﺍﻟﱪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﻭﲏ‬ ‫ﹾﱰ‬ ‫ﻜ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻟ‬ email ‫ﹸ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺃﺻﺪﺭﺕ ﻣﺼﻠﺤﺔ ﺍﻟﱪﻳﺪ ﻃﺎﺑﻌﺎ ﺗﺬﻛﺎﺭﻳﺎ ﳛﻤﻞ ﺻﻮﺭﺓ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻷﻣﲑﺓ ﻓﺮﻳﺎﻝ‬The Post Office issued a

interview published by the French newspaper “Le Monde” yesterday, that Israel is making a

commemorative stamp bearing the image

mistake if it thinks that it is able to wash its

of Princess Faryal

hands of the Palestinian problem and throw

91 | 1569 |

it onto Jordan

‫ ﺇﹺ ﹾﻗﻠﹺﻴﻢ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺃﻗﺎﻟﹺﻴﻢ‬region, district; province ‫ﺍﻗﱰﺡ ﻫﺘﻠﺮ ﻋﲆ ﺍﳊﻜﻮﻣﺔ ﺍﻟﱪﻳﻄﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﺗﺴﻮﻳﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺍﻟﻨﺰﺍﻉ ﺑﺘﺴﻠﻴﻢ ﺇﻗﻠﻴﻢ ﺩﺍﻧﺰﺝ ﺇﱃ ﺃﳌﺎﻧﻴﺎ‬Hitler

94 | 1512 |

1819

suggested to the British government to

1815

They do not possess sufficient experience to save the country from collapse

Danzig region to Germany

85 | 1670 |

‫ ﹸﻣ ﹾﻨﺘﹶﺞ‬adj. produced; n. pl. -aat product; ‫ ﹸﻣﻨﹾﺘﹶﺠﺎﺕ‬products, manufactured goods ‫ﻗﺪﻣﻮﺍ ﻟﻪ ﻣﺎﺋﺪﺓ ﻛﺒﲑﺓ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻨﺘﺠﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺖ ﺩﻭﻥ ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ — ﻳﺸﱰﻭﺍ ﺃﻱ ﳾﺀ‬They offered him a large

1820

‫ﻧﻔﺬ ﺃﺣﺪ ﻋﻨﺎﴏﻫﺎ ﺳﻠﺴﻠﺔ ﺗﻔﺠﲑﺍﺕ ﰲ ﺇﴎﺍﺋﻴﻞ ﺃﺩﺕ‬ ‫ — ﺇﱃ ﻣﻘﺘﻞ ﺷﺨﺺ ﻭﺟﺮﺡ ﺁﺧﺮﻳﻦ‬One of its elements carried out a series of explosions in

table of household products without them

Israel which led to the killing of one person

buying anything

and the wounding of two others

78 | 1820 |

79 | 1788 |

‫ ﺭﺍﺑﹺ ﹶﻄﺔ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﺭﻭﺍﺑﹺﻂ‬association, union, league;

1821

‫ﺇﻥ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﻷﺩﻟﺔ ﻋﻦ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﺑﲔ ﻋﺒﺪﺍﷲ‬ ‫ — ﻭﺍﻟﻘﺎﻋﺪﺓ‬There are some indications of

‫ ﺗﹸﺮﺍﺙ‬n. heritage; inheritance ‫ﻫﻮ ﻣﻌﺮﻭﻑ ﺑﺴﻌﺔ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﻪ ﻟﻴﺲ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻟﱰﺍﺙ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﰊ‬ ￯‫ ﺑﻞ ﻋﲆ ﺗﺮﺍﺙ ﺍﻷﻣﻢ ﺍﻷﺧﺮ‬،‫ — ﻭﺣﺴﺐ‬He is known for the breadth of his knowledge, not

the presence of links between Abdallah and

1817

‫ ﹶﺗ ﹾﻔ ﹺ‬vn. blowing up, detonating; n. pl. -aat ‫ﺠﲑ‬ explosion

tie, connection, link

1816

‫ ﺇﹺﻧﹾﻘﺎﺫ‬n. rescue, saving; relief, bailout ‫— ﻻ ﻳﻤﺘﻠﻜﻮﻥ ﺍﳋﱪﺓ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻓﻴﺔ ﻹﻧﻘﺎﺫ ﺍﻟﺒﻠﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻻﳖﻴﺎﺭ‬

resolve the conflict by handing over the 72 | 1988 |

1814

‫ ﹸﻣﻘﺎ ﹶﺑ ﹶﻠﺔ‬n. pl. -aat encounter, meeting;

interview; (sports) match, game

among my wife’s family

1812

173

only about the Arab heritage, but also about

Al-Qaeda

the heritage of other nations

83 | 1726 |

85 | 1661 |

‫ ﹶﺩﻣﺎﺭ‬n. destruction, devastation, ruin ،‫ﻻ ﻳﺼﺪﻕ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻹﻧﺴﺎﻥ ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﻥ ﻳﺼﻨﻊ ﻛﻞ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺪﻣﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻳﺴﺄﻟﻪ ﺩﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﻫﻞ ﰱ ﺃﻭﺭﻭﺑﺎ ﻧﺎﺱ ﻣﺜﻠﻨﺎ ﺃﻡ ﺷﻴﺎﻃﲔ؟‬

1822

‫ ﹸﻗﻨﹾ ﹸﺒ ﹶﻠﺔ‬n. pl. ‫ ﹶﻗﻨﺎﺑﹺﻞ‬bomb, shell; grenade ،‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﻡ ﺍﻷﳌﺎﻥ ﻧﻮﻋﺎ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻘﻨﺎﺑﻞ ﻓﻮﻕ ﻟﻨﺪﻥ‬ ‫— ﻗﻨﺎﺑﻞ ﺣﺎﺭﻗﺔ ﺗﺸﻌﻞ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺭ ﺍﳉﻬﻨﻤﻴﺔ ﰱ ﻛﻞ ﻣﻜﺎﻥ‬

— He doesn’t believe that man could create

The Germans used a new type of bomb

such destruction, and Dumyan asks him if there

over London, a fire bomb that would ignite

are people in Europe like us, or are they devils?

a hellish fire everywhere

86 | 1661 |

85 | 1666 |

‫ ﹺ‬adj. bearing, carrying; n. pl. ‫ ﹶﲪ ﹶﻠﺔ‬bearer, ‫ﺣﺎﻣﻞ‬ carrier; porter

‫ﻋﺎﺩ ﺇﱃ ﻭﻃﻨﻪ ﺣﺎﻣﻼ ﻃﻔﻼ ﺑﻮﺳﻨﻴﺎ ﺟﺮﳛﺎ ﺍﺳﻤﻪ ﺳﻌﻴﺪ‬

‫ ﻣ ﹺ‬restaurant ‫ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻄ ﹶﻌﻢ‬n. pl. ‫ﻄﺎﻋﻢ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ﺫﻫﺒﺎ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﻨﲈ ﺛﻢ ﺗﻨﺎﻭﻻ ﺍﻟﻌﺸﺎﺀ ﰱ ﻣﻄﻌﻢ ﺇﻳﻄﺎﱃ‬ ‫ — ﻋﲆ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﲑﺓ‬They went to the cinema, and

— He returned to his country carrying

then had dinner in an Italian restaurant on

a wounded Bosnian child named Said

the lake

88 | 1619 |

95 | 1487 |

1823

174

A Frequency Dictionary of Arabic

1824

‫ ﹸﺳ ﹸﻬﻮ ﹶﻟﺔ‬n. ease, facility ‫ ﻭﺑﺎﺳﺘﻄﺎﻋﺘﻚ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻌﺜﺮ￯ ﻋﲆ ﺳﻜﻦ‬،‫ﺃﻧﺖ ﺍﻵﻥ ﻏﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ — ﺑﺴﻬﻮﻟﺔ‬You are now rich, you can find

1831

‫ ﻣ ﹺ‬view; appearance, looks ‫ ﹶﻣ ﹾﻈ ﹶﻬﺮ‬n. pl. ‫ﻈﺎﻫﺮ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ﳌﺎﺫﺍ ﱂ ﳜﺮﺝ ﺃﰊ ﳌﻮﺍﺟﻬﺘﻬﻢ ﻭﻗﺪ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺋﲈ ﻳﻈﻬﺮ ﺃﻣﺎﻣﻲ‬ ‫ — ﺑﻤﻈﻬﺮ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﻞ ﺍﻟﺸﺠﺎﻉ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻻ ﳜﺎﻑ؟‬Why

housing easily

didn’t my father go out to face them, when

94 | 1488 |

he had always appeared before me as a brave man who doesn’t fear anything?

1825

‫ ﹶ‬v. I (a) to attain, achieve (prize); ‫ﻧﺎﻝ‬

88 | 1587 |

to acquire, gain (distinction)

world gets the government it deserves; this is

‫ ﹺ‬adj. evident, apparent; n. obvious ‫ﻇﺎﻫﺮ‬ ‫ ﺍﻟﻈﺎﻫ