A filmography of the Third World, 1876-1983 : an annotated list of 16mm films 9780810817685, 0810817683

475 174 9MB

English Pages 275 [296] Year 1985

Report DMCA / Copyright

DOWNLOAD FILE

Polecaj historie

A filmography of the Third World, 1876-1983 : an annotated list of 16mm films
 9780810817685, 0810817683

Citation preview

A FILMOGRAPHY OF THE THIRD WORLD, 1976-1983 An Annotated List of 16mm Films

HELEN W. CYR

Digitized by the Internet Archive in 2019 with funding from Kahle/Austin Foundation

https://archive.org/details/filmographyofthiOOOOcyrh

*'

p

>

r

A FILMOGRAPHY OF THE THIRD WORLD, 1976-1983 An Annotated List of 16mm Films

by

HELEN W. CYR

The Scarecrow Press, Inc. Metuchen, N.J., & London 1985

IUPUI UNIVERSITY LIBRARIES 815 W. MICHIGAN ST. INDIANAPOLIS, IN 46202

Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data

Cyr, Helen W., 1926A filmography of the Third World,

1976-1983.

Includes index. 1. Developing countries—Film catalogs. 2. Minorities—United States—Film catalogs. I. Title. HC59.7.C975 1985 016.909'09724 84-23564 ISBN 0-8108-1768-3

Copyright© 1985 by Helen W. Cyr Manufactured in the United States of America

CONTENTS

Foreword

vii

THE THIRD WORLD

1

General

3

AFRICA

7

General Algeria Angola Botswana Congo Egypt (United Arab Republic) Ethiopia Gambia Ghana Kenya Liberia Libya Malawi Mali Morocco Mozambique Niger Nigeria Senegal Somalia South Africa South West Africa (Namibia) Sudan Tanzania Tunisia

iii

7 13 14 14 15 15 19 20 20 21 23 23 23 24 24 25 26 26 28 29 29 33 34 34 35

Uganda Upper Volta Zaire Zambia Zimbabwe

36 36 37 37 37

ASIA

39

General Southwest Asia General Arabia Iran Iraq Lebanon Palestine Syria Turkey South Asia General Afghanistan Bangladesh Himalayan States/Nepal, Bhutan, Sikkim India Pakistan Sri Lanka East Asia China Hong Kong Japan Korea Ryuku Islands Taiwan Southeast Asia General Burma Indonesia Kampuchea (Cambodia) Malaysia Philippines Singapore Thailand Vietnam THE PACIFIC

39 40 40 45 47 50 51 52 62 63 64 64 65 66

67 68

78 78 79 79 88

89 100 101 101 102 102 102 102 106 107 108 110 110

113 114

iv f

NORTH AMERICA

128

General Afro-Americans Asian Americans Latinos Native Americans

128 131 157 161

167

LATIN AMERICA

190

General Central America General Costa Rica El Salvador Guatemala Honduras Mexico Nicaragua Panama South America General Argentina Bolivia Brazil Chile Colombia Ecuador Guiana Peru Venezuela West Indies General Barbados Cuba Dominican Republic Haiti Jamaica Netherlands Antilles (Curaqao) Puerto Rico Trinidad and Tobago Windward and Leeward Islands Bermuda

v

190 192 192 193 193

194 196 196 203 205 206 206 208 209 210 214 215 218 219 219 222 226 226 226 226 228 229 230 232 232 233 233 234

THE THIRD WORLD IN EUROPE

235 235

England

List of Film Distributors

237

Title Index

256

r

vi

FOREWORD

This is a continuation of A Filmography of the Third World: An Annotated List of 16mm Films (Scarecrow, 1976). Like the previous volume, this one provides titles and anno¬ tations for films about the underdeveloped areas of the world --the so-called "Third World"--and also about the "third world in our midst," the major ethnic minorities who live in the northern nations of North America and Europe, e.g.. Native Americans, people from Africa, Asia, and Latin America The purpose of this work, as before, is to help teach¬ ers, scholars, group leaders, and students locate 16mm films in distribution, for rental or sale, for use in broadening the public understanding of lesser-known geographic areas and peoples. The films in this book cover almost every related topic customs, geographic features, history, science, sociology, economics, politics, fine arts, religion, sports, technology and travel. A few fictional films, most of them theatrical features, have been included for their ability to present the issues or flavor of their subject entertainingly, or because they serve to demonstrate the self-expression of indigenous filmmakers. Some shorter examples of personal or experi¬ mental cinema, film as art, have also been included for the same reason. The majority of the titles in this supplement were pro¬ duced in the mid-1970’s or early 1980's, the period since publication of the first volume. However, a few pre-1976 titles were slipped in, ones which for various reasons (dis¬ tribution in flux, information unavailable or unknown) were not a part of the first filmography, but which will still hold some interest for the present-day viewer. In addition, I have added some examples of films with all-black casts from vii

the 1930's and early 1940's because of the growing interest in the history of black cinema stimulated by the trail-blazing work of film historians, such as Thomas Cripps of Morgan State University. Some may wonder why a filmography of any sort is needed today when we have various film indexes and at least one major motion picture almanac at hand. The answer is that filmography is alive and well because the control of data in the audiovisual field is still so sketchy. An index is only as complete as its sources will allow--and in the case of the in¬ dexes currently available, the range of title coverage, seem¬ ingly large, is actually revealed under scrutiny to be quite limited. Another weakness is that subject treatment in these works is broad or nonspecific, making subject searching dif¬ ficult and sometimes impossible. Distributor information is often not up to date, and alternate distribution agencies are not considered. Vital data, such as telephone numbers, are usually not included, and independent filmmakers and their works not listed. In the case of the motion picture almanac, it is not designed to serve the requirements of the 16mm and non theatrical film user. By contrast, this filmography has been designed to serve the practical needs of the film programmer specialist in third world subjects. A filmography is a handy deskside companion for the specialist and it also serves to promote interest in overlooked, obscure topics. This filmography has more film listings on third world subjects than any of the ma¬ jor indexes published. Specific geographic categorizations are given, distributor information is as up-to-date and com¬ plete as possible, and many Canadian as well as U.S. dis¬ tributors are listed. Considerable research has been ex¬ pended to locate films from a wide range of sources: films from small one- or two-film dealers, from scholarly nonprofit foundations, independent filmmakers, and the large wellstocked film companies. Films that have run into distribu¬ tion problems have been excluded. Also, out-of-print titles are not listed. Much has happened in the film scene and in the world since the earlier A Filmography of the Third World was pub¬ lished, and these developments have been reflected in this new listing. Many film distribution companies have gone out of business at a dizzying rate or have cut back tljeir invenviii

tories, moved, or consolidated with other corporations. Mean¬ while, more and more independent filmmakers have trained themselves to handle their own distribution, and even some nonprofit foundation or grant-supported specialized film dis¬ tributors have sprung up to meet the sophisticated needs of some user groups. This means that some of the old, familiar companies have disappeared from the distributors' list, re¬ placed by new, unfamiliar companies or individuals. Today there seem to be more filmmakers around, and they are devoting their energies to ever-new, far-ranging, challenging assignments--including, fortunately, the third world. It is not unusual for a filmmaker to travel a great distance, perhaps to shoot on location in some unheard-of island in the Pacific, or to roam the heart of Africa to cover a civil war or examples of oppression, or, as is the case in one of my favorite documentaries (Misa Colombiana), to dis¬ cover and film the scene in a forlorn dump filled with hun¬ gry people on the outskirts of a large city deep in South America. At times, footage may be grainy, the camera a little unsteady, but it is that spirit of the-story-is-thereand-I'll-stop-at-nothing-to-get-it-out that results in memor¬ able filmmaking that can change lives. It is such courageous practitioners of that noble form, the documentary, who in¬ spired this book. Certain changes have taken place worldwide: new place names have replaced the old. Now it is Zimbabwe, not Rhodesia; Kampuchea, not Cambodia. Colonies have become nations. Tensions are higher than ever in certain parts of the world, thus attracting more film production. There are more films about the Middle East (Southwest Asia) and Cen¬ tral America than before. All these matters are reflected in the filmography. Film listings now appear under specific countries and geographic units for some regions that were treated broadly in the earlier volume: Africa, South Amer¬ ica, Southwest Asia, and the West Indies. In this book there are more films about Asian Ameri¬ cans that eight years ago, but the total output is still slight in comparison with the wealth of material about Native Amer¬ icans and Afro-Americans. The relatively poor production achievement of films about Latinos, the fastest growing group of them all, is a serious lapse that must be remedied. I hope the proportional gap evidenced in this book will serve as a prod to new efforts in the field. ix

Each film description includes the following information title; alternate title, if any; production company, producer, or filmmaker; release or copyright date; running time; color or black and white; code for distributor; a brief descriptive annotation. In the case of feature-length films, additional data are given: director; credits for screenplay, photogra¬ phy, music; cast; foreign language, English subtitles, if any An alphabetical list of distributor codes, along with their names and addresses, is provided at the back of the book. I wish to thank all who helped with this book: the film distributors who sent me information and extra copies of their catalogs, the staff of various consulates, and the filmmakers who made the films.

H. W. Cyr Baltimore, Maryland January 1984

x j>

FILMOGRAPHY OF THE THIRD WORLD, 1976-1983

THE THIRD WORLD

§

GENERAL

THE BIG VILLAGE. UN, MAR

United Nations,

1979.

25 min.

color.

BARR,

How the world looks from the point of view of a third world film¬ maker. Depicts the lifelong poverty and exhausting labor of the poor all over the world. Shows how poor people are beginning to question why they can't share in the good life. Predicts that they will not remain silent.

THE BOTTOM RUNG. Granada Television, n.d. (Rich World, Poor World Series.) 60 min. color. GTI A report from Bangladesh, Tanzania and Brazil, perhaps the poor¬ est countries in the world. Illustrates the poverty, over-population, and starvation which threaten human life.

BRIDGES ACROSS THE SOUTH. United Nations, 1981. 27 min. color. UN, MAR Explains what the Technical Cooperation among Developing Countries Movement is all about--an effort to help undeveloped nations aid each other rather than draw on the resources of the North. Shows a Panamanian engineer visiting a research center in Colombia, a stu¬ dent nurse from Chad studying in Cameroon, a coconut farmer from the Philippines visiting an experimental farm in Indonesia.

BUSINESS AS USUAL. Granada Television, n.d. (Rich World, Poor World Series.) 60 min. color. GTI Studies the relationship between rich and poor and how the people who produce and pack tea, for example, get only starvation wages, while others, who sell the tea, profit at the expense of the poor. Visits Brazil and Tanzania to study conditions.

CAN PRIMITIVE PEOPLE SURVIVE?

Avatar Learning, 1976.

24 min.

color. EBEC A study of the impact of present-day civilization on people who, by living in remote areas, have maintained their traditional customs, such as pygmies, Eskimos.

4

Filmography of the Third World

CHILDREN, ENFANTS, NINOS. Barrie Howells, 1979. 23 min. color. CRMM A nonnarrated film concerned with everyday life of children all over the world. Shows children at work in Thailand and Africa, and at play in the Amazon and in Canada.

COUNTING ON THE FUTURE. United National, 1974. 27 min. color. SEF, UN, MAR An examination of population policies in five developing countries: Haiti, the Central African Republic, Ghana, Nigeria, and Tanzania. The countries are compared--some are rich in resources with few people, others overcrowded with poor natural resources. Also available in French and Spanish versions.

EDGE OF SURVIVAL. Leigh Wharton/Barbara A. Gordon, 1982. 58 min. color. UVA, WHAR Studies the prospects of ending world hunger. Shows positive and negative effects of present-day efforts. Filmed in Brazil, Ecuador, India, the United States, and England. Includes footage with Mother Teresa, Swami Muktananda.

FOCUS ON WOMEN. MAR

United Nations, 1980.

28 min.

color.

UN,

Examines the way women are betrayed in the visual media of film and television and how the image of women is changing. Gives examples in Egypt, India, and in the Dominican Republic. Also available in French and Spanish versions.

GODS OF METAL. Robert Richter Productions, 1981. color. ICF, MAFI

27 min.

Explains the nuclear arms race and what religious groups are try¬ ing to do about it. Shows economic and social effects on people-including the Third World's poor. Filmed in Japan, Vietnam, Peru, and the U.S.

IN SEARCH OF THE LOST WORLD. FI

MGM, 1972.

52 min.

color.

Emphasizes the complexity and sophistication of the ancient cultures in the Americas. Shows extant buildings and ruins in such places as Aztec cities in Mexico, the Anasazi cliff dwellings in New Mexico, earth mounds in the Eastern United States, Inca cities in Peru. Coverage includes Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, Peru and the United States.

INCENTIVE FOR ACTION. UN, MAR

United Nations, 1973.

21 min.

color.

The Third World--General

5

A report on the United Nations' World Food Programme to eradicate hunger by encouraging nations of the world not to destroy agricul¬ tural surpluses. Scenes include efforts to aid people in the Philip¬ pines, Colombia, Sri Lanka. Shows grain given to farmers for live¬ stock and their families, nutrition for nursing mothers, help in building homes, schoolhouses. Also available in French and Span¬ ish language versions.

ISLAM AND THE SCIENCES. Peter de Normanville, 1978. 23 min. color. PHO A survey of Islamic science and its influence on the world since the seventh century A.D. Shows how the preservation of knowl¬ edge of earlier cultures by Islamic scholars made an important con¬ tribution to later developments.

MOTHERS IN CONFLICT--CHILDREN IN NEED. Joyce Doetsch, 1979. 25 min. color. SCIE Designed for organizations and groups concerned about infant health and nutrition in third world countries. Uses interviews of mothers, physicians and a nutrition-anthropologist to trace factors leading to malnutrition. For example, studies the decline of breast-feeding in the third world.

A NEW DEAL.

Granada Television, n.d.

(Rich World, Poor World

Series.) 60 min. color. GTI Ponders the future of the world because of the desperate plight of the third world countries. Stresses that problems of this magnitude can only be solved by a joint effort, not by countries on their own.

THE NEWCOMERS.

United Nations, 1974.

27 min.

color.

UN,

MAR Tells about the twentieth-century mass migrations of people from rural areas to the cities in the third world, with examples in Lima, Peru and Dakar, Senegal. Explains what governments are doing to provide human services: schools, jobs, housing.

PESTICIDES AND PILLS, FOR EXPORT ONLY--PART ONE: PESTI¬ CIDES. Robert Richter, 1981. 56 min. color. ICF A documentary that considers this question: Should certain pesti¬ cides, designated for restricted use or totally prohibited in the U.S. and Europe, be exported to third world countries? Tells of dangers in imported food. Filmed in Malaysia, Bangladesh, Kenya, Ghana, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, the U.S. and Switzerland.

A PLACE TO LIVE. MAR

United Nations, 1975.

27 min.

color.

UN,

6

Filmography of the Third World

Depicts the need for shelter which will be as great as the worldwide need for food. Scenes show what is being done in various places, such as urban areas in New Zealand, and rural areas in Indonesia, to build human settlements.

THE PRICE OF HUNGER. Kent Smith, 1982. 21 min. color. BARR Documents the problem of worldwide hunger. Studies third world governments that are more interested in gain than in the health and welfare of their people. Shows how improved farming methods that do not depend on technology or foreign investment could reduce hunger.

REMEMBER ME. PYR

Dick Young Productions, 1980.

15 min.

color.

Children who live in squalor all over the world--the Middle East, Asia, the U.S.--tell about their lives in their own languages. Shows the impact of physical and social environment on human po¬ tential.

RURAL MIGRANTS--NO PLACE TO LIVE. 20 min. color. BARR

United Nations, 1977.

A report on the problem of nations entering the modern industrial world which cannot provide jobs for unskilled masses who have fled the rural areas because the land can no longer support the growing population.

SEPTEMBER WHEAT. Peter Krieg, 1981. 96 min. color. NTF A worldwide study of hunger in the third world countries, and in rich industrialized nations as well. Selects wheat as an example of what happens when a commodity becomes a weapon and nature be¬ comes an enemy.

THE THIRD WORLD. Hearst, 1972. 14 min. b/w. KING

(Screen News Digest Series.)

A detailed study of the growing power of the world's emerging na¬ tions, the "Third World." Shows the political independence and the economic development of the nations and how raw materials are used for "resource diplomacy" in foreign policy.

UHURU ... THE STRUGGLE FOR FREEDOM. 25 min. color. UN, MAR

United Nations, 1971.

Reviews the historic evolution of independence in the family of na¬ tions since the founding of the United Nations in 1945. Depicts how the UN pursues one of its main functions--assisting the emer¬ gence of territories to independent statehood. Available in French and Spanish language versions.

AFRICA

§

GENERAL

AFRICA: A NEW LOOK. 27 min. color. IFF

International Film Foundation, 1981.

Encompasses the culture and history of the people of twenty-two African countries. Includes music, sights, and sounds to demon¬ strate the diversity and vitality of Africa.

AFRICA: CHANGE AND CHALLENGE. Charles Cahill and Associ¬ ates, 1968. 19 min. color. AIMS A report on the diverse and many people of Africa--those who live in the "back country" and the city dwellers.

AFRICA CHANGES: A YOUNG LEADER IN A YOUNG NATION. Frank Gardonyi and Clifford Janoff, 1970. 14 min. color. PHO Follows a young African commissioner on his tour of his East Afri¬ can district. The needs of his people typify the hopes and prob¬ lems of emerging African nations.

AFRICAN MUSIC--OLD AND NEW. Producers Film Marketing, 1979. 19i min. color. FCO Studies the impact of Western instruments and style on traditional African music. Shows African instruments and, by contrast, two African musicians who use a combination of old-style and new-style instruments (amplified drums, electric guitar, a wired mbira) in an actual performance. Explains African traditions: call and answer, imitation of sounds of nature, interpretation of human characteris¬ tics.

AFTER THE SILENCE. United Nations, 1980. 28 min. color. UN, MAR A film made by the United Nations and the Netherlands Broadcast¬ ing Foundation to explain the work of UN agencies in the Transport and Communications Decade for Africa (1978-1988)--a strategy for creating inter-African links in air services, railways, waterways, highways, postal services and telecommunications.

g APEMEN OF AFRICA.

Filmography of the Third World MGM, 1972.

(Origins of Man Series.)

20

min. color. FI Explains the findings of scientists that prove the existence of a human-like creature in Africa 3.5 million years ago. Discusses the probable instincts for violence and defense of territory among these creatures.

BLACK AND WHITE IN COLOR. (LA VICTOIRE EN CHANTANT.) Allied Artists, 1976. 91 min. color. Directed by Jean-Jacques Annaud. With Jacques Spiesser. In French with English sub¬ titles. COTH A theatrical feature film with a story set in colonial West Africa in 1914. Depicts the way both the French and Germans used the local black people in a war between the two colonial groups.

BLOOD AND SAND--WAR IN THE SAHARA. Sharon I. Sopher, 1982. 58 min. color. FRF Gives an account of the U.S. policies and involvement in the West¬ ern Sahara War. The filmmakers travelled throughout the battlefront covering both sides. They have also interviewed people un¬ der Presidents Carter and Reagan who had key roles in policy mak¬ ing. Shows U.S. arms sales in detail.

BOTTLE BABIES. Peter Krieg, 1976. 26 min. color. NACC Reveals the impact of infant formula sales in Africa. Explains how third world mothers used powdered milk improperly. Discusses is¬ sues and problems of world hunger.

CASTLES OF CLAY. Alan Root, n.d. 55 min. color. BEF Filmed in Africa, this is a rare look at the African termite who builds hills of enormous weight, maintains a steady warmth and humidity inside the hills, and recycles the nutrients in the food energy circle by eating dead wood. Shows how termites serve as prey for odd species and some animals take up residence in termite mounds.

CHALLENGE TO AFRICA. United Nations, 1979. 21 min. color. LFI, UN, MAR Illustrates how the Economic Commission aids the emerging nations of Africa in overcoming poverty, ignorance, hunger and disease. The importance of collective self-reliance among the African coun¬ tries in developing transportation, communications, industry and use of natural and human resources is explained.

DANCE OF THE BELLA. Jim fRosellini/African Family Films, n.d. 11 min. color. AFF

Africa--General

9

Shows the Bella people of West Africa dancing at dusk in celebra¬ tion of Tabasky, their major Islamic feast. The Bella people live in the southern part of the Sahara desert.

DIRO AND HIS TALKING MUSICAL BOW. Jim Rosellini/African Fam¬ ily Films, 1980. 13 min. color. AFF A look at a West African musician, who constructs, tunes and plays the kankarama, the musical bow. The music imitates the rising and falling of the Lobi language.

END OF THE GAME. Robin Lehman, 1976. 28 min. color. PHO Zaire, Kenya and Tanzania provide the setting for a close view of animal life in jungle habitats. Shows the inside of an anthill, gi¬ raffes suckling their newborn, beetle dances, and many other rare scenes of nature.

ETOSHA: PLACE OF DRY WATER. National Geographic Society, 1981. 59 min. color. NGS Presents scenes of a dry, salt-encrusted lake bed in south western Africa and the survival efforts of animal life during the hot months before the rains come: elephants, wildebeest, zebras, lions.

GENERATIONS OF RESISTANCE. United Nations, 1980. 52 min. color. CN, UN, MAR Reveals that there is a tradition of black resistance to white rule in Africa that has long been suppressed. Uses testimony of sur¬ vivors of early resistance activities and rare footage to follow what happened between 1906 (Bombata's rebellion) and the present.

HENRY MORTON STANLEY: CONGO RIVER, 1874. BBC/Time-Life, 1977. (Ten Who Dared Series.) 52 min. color. TL An account of the work of the reporter who went to Africa for a human interest story (to look for Dr. Livingstone in the African jungle) but who stayed to make a 7,000-mile trip to find out wheth¬ er the Lualaba River was the source for the Nile or the Congo.

THE LIVING SANDS OF NAMIB. National Geographic Society, 1978. 59 min. color. NGS A study of the Namib Desert which shows the many strange exam¬ ples of animal life that live in this inhospitable environment on the Atlantic coast of southern Africa. Describes how each type has adapted for survival.

MARY KINGSLEY: WEST AFRICA, 1893. BBC/Time-Life, 1977. (Ten Who Dared Series.) 52 min. color. TL

Filmography of the Third World

10

The story of an Englishwoman who went to Africa to study the nat¬ ural life there. Tells about a seventy-mile journey she made safely through cannibal country because of her understanding of native cultures. Narrated by Anthony Quinn.

MASAI WOMEN.

Chris Curling, Granada Television, 1979.

51 min.

color. ISHI An intimate study of women of the tribe of animal herders in the Rift Valley of East Africa. The women talk about their feelings regarding marriage, family life. Follows their lifestyle from child¬ hood to old age in the Masai society where women depend entirely on the men and have never experienced female emancipation.

NORTHERN AFRICA: NATIONS OF NATURAL BEAUTY. MTI Tele¬ programs, n.d. (Faces of Men Series.) 25 min. color. MTI Analyzes the relationship in Africa between natural influences, such as weather and landscape, and the lifestyle of the people. Shows, for example, people who live where water is in short supply and who breed and herd camels, and those who live where salt is plen¬ tiful, therefore mining and selling this mineral is their main occu¬ pation .

A PLAGUE UPON THE LAND. United Nations, 1975. 27 min. color. UN, MAR A report on the devastating river blindness that has affected mil¬ lions of people in tropical Africa south of the Sahara. The illness is spread by infinitesimal worms found in streams and rivers that are then transmitted via flies to humans. People are moving away from rivers and fertile land to escape the problem. Meanwhile, scientists are trying to develop new pesticides.

PORTRAIT OF NELSON MANDELA. color. CN

Frank Diamand, 1980.

17 min.

Describes how Nelson Mandela, head of the African National Con¬ gress, was sentenced to life imprisonment where he remains today despite international protests. Describes his background and his rise to prominence through leadership in civil disobedience of the 1950's. Tells why he later went underground to use armed resis¬ tance--which led to his 1964 trial for treason.

PYGMIES OF THE RAIN FOREST. color. PYR

Kevin Duffy, 1975.

51 min.

A revealing study of the isolated Mbuti Pygmies who have lived in the Ituri Forest for millennia. Studies the Mbuta Pygmies in their relationship with the natural resources that help them survive from day to day. Includes a rare scene of a hunter stalking a bull ele¬ phant and finally bringing him down with his spear.

Africa--General

11

THE PYGMIES: PEOPLE OF THE FOREST. Jean-Pierre Hallet, 1975. 14 min. color. EBEC An explorer-naturalist shares his view of the Pygmies, the short people who live in the forests of Central Africa. Shows the daily life of work, hunting, play, listening to a storyteller.

RICH MAN'S MEDICINE, POOR MAN'S MEDICINE. Gordian Troeller, Marie Claude Deffarge, and Francois Partant, 1976. 43 min. color. ICF Compares two kinds of medical practice as found in Gabor, Senegal and Kenya. There is the "scientific" approach imported from the West and the traditional ritualistic healing methods found in rural areas. Compares the two and shows how they can enrich each other.

RISE UP AND WALK. John Ankele, 1982. 55 min. color. UCA An account of African Christians who live the Christian faith while blending in their pre-Christian traditions. Explores a number of independent African churches, some of which have broken off from religious communities founded by European and American mission¬ aries. The film visits Kenya, the Ivory Coast, Swaziland, Zaire, Liberia, and Egypt. Also available in 28-minute version.

THE SEARCH FOR THE NILE: (1) THE DREAM OF THE WANDERER. BBC/Time-Life, 1972. 52 min. color. TL An account of the expedition led by British explorer Richard Bur¬ ton to find the source of the Nile and the trip made by Dr. Living¬ stone across the Kalahari desert. Narrated by James Mason.

THE SEARCH FOR THE NILE: (2) DISCOVERY AND BETRAYAL. BBC/Time-Life, 1972. 52 min. color. TL In this episode Burton becomes ill and remains in Tasmania while his companion Speke takes off to discover Lake Victoria. Narrated by James Mason.

THE SEARCH FOR THE NILE: (3) THE SECRET FOUNTAINS. BBC/Time-Life, 1972. 52 min. color. TL In this episode Speke returns to Africa to pursue his theory that Lake Victoria is the source of the Nile. He is captured and re¬ leased in Bugande and later discovers the Ripon Falls. Narrated by James Mason.

THE SEARCH FOR THE NILE:

(4) THE GREAT DEBATE.

BBC/

Time-Life, 1972. 52 min. color. TL In 1864 a husband-and-wife team seeking the Nile's source discover Murchison Falls and Lake Albert. Livingstone returns to London to challenge Speke's Lake Victoria theory. Later Speke is found

Filmography of the Third World

12

dead under mysterious circumstances--possibly an accident or a suicide.

THE SEARCH FOR THE NILE:

(5) FIND LIVINGSTONE.

BBC/

Time-Life, 1972. 52 min. color. TL Livingstone returns to Africa and disappears. A New York Herald reporter is assigned to find Livingstone. Stanley, the reporter, goes to Zanzibar and finds Livingstone in Ujiji in 1871. Living¬ stone dies from fever and exhaustion.

THE SEARCH FOR THE NILE: (6) CONQUEST AND DEATH. BBC/ Time-Life, 1972. 52 min. color. TL In this final episode Livingstone is buried in Westminster Abbey and Stanley decides to carry on Livingstone's search for the Nile. He prepares for the largest expedition ever made in Africa. Narrated by James Mason.

SOUTHERN AFRICA. Journal Films, 1980. 26} min. color. JFI A report on the development of black nationalism in the southern part of Africa: Angola, Mozambique, Rhodesia, Namibia and South Africa. Explores problems, disputes, riots and civil wars in these countries.

TRIBUTE TO AFRICA. Reed and Susan Erskine, 1975. 14 min. color. MUAA Uses the photography of the late Life photographer and African specialist Eliot Elisofon to give an impressionistic journey to Africa to present the art, music, and lifestyles of city and rural Africa. Uses African music and poetry as background.

TSETSE--THE FLY THAT WOULD BE KING. Carl Purcell, Kay Chernush, 1980. 28 min. color. NAC Studies the impact of the tsetse fly on Africa and the way in which the U.S. is providing research that will benefit third world coun¬ tries.

TUG-OF-WAR, BUSHMEN. Documentary Educational Resources, n.d. 6 min. color. DOCE Boys in two teams of Bushmen are seen wrestling over a length of rubber hose. Filmed by an anthropologist filmmaker crew on loca¬ tion in Southern Africa.

TWO FAMILIES: AFRICAN AND AMERICAN. of America, 1974. 22 min. color. LEC »

Learning Corporation

Africa- - Algeria

13

A comparison of an African tribal family and a family in New York City. Shows the interdependence in the African family, the sense of unity. Contrasts these characteristics with the individualistic spirit of the American family.

WITCHCRAFT AMONG THE AZANDE. Granada Television, n.d. (Disappearing World Series.) 52 min. color. GTI, FILI Traces the past of the great Azande people who once ruled an enor¬ mous area, from the tropical rain forests of the Congo to the pas¬ tures of the southern Sudan. Explains the religious beliefs of the Azande people and the new influence of Christianity.

THE ZAMBEZI EXPRESS. BBC, 1981. (Great Railway Journeys of the World Series.) 60 min. color. FI Follows a trip from Cape Town to Victoria Falls in Africa on the famous Blue Train. The journey parallels the trail of Cecil Rhodes, the great empire builder. Scenes include the wilderness of the Karoo, the diamond fields of Kimberley, the gold city of Johannes¬ burg, and Soweto. After leaving South Africa, the trip concludes with a brief look at Botswana.

§

ALGERIA

ALGERIA: THE IMPOSSIBLE INDEPENDENCE. Gordian Troeller and Marie Claude Deffarge, 1976. 43 min. color. ICF Presents a critique of nationalization as a solution to the many problems of emerging nations. A claim is made that nationalization brings about a greater dependence on the West for technology and capital. This is the opposite view to the one depicted in FROM THE MOON TO THE EARTH. Both films used together represent the is¬ sues in the current debate over development in the third world.

ALGERIA: THE NEW MEN. United Nations, 1970. 27 min. color. UN, MAR Illustrates what young Algerians are doing to develop the Algerian Sahara in order to relieve the situation which finds fourteen million people living in a narrow strip of fertile land between the desert and the Mediterranean. Shows planting of tiny trees in the desert to control shifting sands, digging for water, building new villages with help from the United Nations.

ALGERIAN SAHARA.

OECA, 1976.

(African File Series.)

29 min.

b/w and color. FI An English-dubbed French documentary that gives a historical re¬ view of the Sahara. Uses old black and white footage to show the

Filmography of the Third World

14

area while it was under French rule. Examines the diversity of peoples and regional lifestyles. Discusses the settling of the no¬ mads and the dying traditional culture.

FROM THE EARTH TO THE MOON. Boubaker Adjali, 1977. 43 min. color. ICF A film made by a third world filmmaker that presents the case for nationalization as the special right of every country. Uses Algeria as an example of how underdeveloped nations can work to restore their economies after years of colonization.

§

ANGOLA

ANGOLA: VICTORY OF HOPE. Cuban Film Institute, n.d. 72 min. color. CIGU An account of the history of Angola, from the days of the Portu¬ guese to the declaration of independence. Accompanied by popular songs, dances and poems.

§

BOTSWANA

BAOBAB PLAY. Documentary Educational Resources, n.d. 8 min. color. DOCE Children and teenagers of a group of bushmen found in Namibia and Botswana throw sticks, berries and leaves at each other from high up in a large baobab tree.

BOTSWANA--WILDLIFE ALBUM. Film Counselors, 1979. 28 min. color. AF A look at the varied wildlife of the Republic of Botswana. Shows the efforts to preserve these natural resources. Gives a look at the inland Okavango delta, life on the savannahs, and the Kalahari desert and its bushmen. Sponsored by Caltex Petroleum.

CHILDREN THROW TOY ASSEGAIS. Documentary Educational Re¬ sources, n.d. 4 min. color. DOCE Young boys of the San people (bushmen), who live in the Namibia and Botswana area, are observed throwing toy spears into a tree while a girl watches. They are trying to make the spears stick in the tree's bark.

THE KALAHARI DESERT PEOPLE. 1975. 24 min. color. NGS r

National Geographic Society,

Africa--Congo

15

Examines the life of the Bushmen of the Kalahari Desert who have been hunting and gathering for millennia. Reports on the influence of modern cattle-raising on the people and the ecology of the desert

LET THEM COME WITH RAIN. color. UN, MAR

United Nations, 1970.

27 min.

Depicts the early efforts of Botswana to become a modern Illustrates how the United Nations helped route the water Ngami across the Kalahari desert to where Botswana could Describes the rich mineral resources from which Botswana build future industry.

§

nation. of Lake use it. plans to

CONGO

MASTERS OF THE CONGO JUNGLE. Belgian International Scientific Foundation and Henri Storck, 1975 (re-release). 88 min. color PHO Considered one of the best documentaries made about the flora, fauna and native life in the former Belgian Congo before the impact of outer civilization. Filmed in Ruanda-Urundi during an expedition

§

EGYPT (United Arab Republic)

ANCIENT EGYPT. Coronet, 1976. Revised ed. 11 min. color. COR A look at Egypt's great sphinx, Temple at Karnak, and other land¬ marks of the Valley of the Nile. Tells about the great contributions of ancient Egyptians to other civilizations in the fields of agricul¬ ture, community living, the arts and sciences, and religion.

ANCIENT EGYPT: THE SUN AND THE RIVER. B. Brake, 1971. 27 min. color. TL Presents the history of ancient Egypt with artifacts, interviews with scholars, scenes of current archaeological digs, contemporary agri¬ culture based on five-thousand-year-old methods. Discusses the culture, religion, art, and daily life of the ancient Egyptians.

CAIRO. Lucerne Films, n.d. 13 min. color. LFI A view of a renewed Egypt as seen through the flourishing city of Cairo. Tells how Cairo was born, how its location protects it, the protection of the city by the pharaohs. Shows historical treasures in museums, archeological wonders, and mosques which reflect the influence of Islam.

Filmography of the Third World

16

THE CASE OF THE MISSING MUMMY.

Granada Television, n.d.

41 min. color. GTI Reports on the findings of an anatomy professor from Liverpool University who attempts to determine the relationship of Egyptian King Tutankhamen's relatives. Was his mother really his sister whom his father married after the death of his first wife, Queen Tuju? The professor offers a solution to the mystery.

EGYPT.

NBC,

1979.

(Oil and American Power Series.)

16 min.

color. FI Explains that the Camp David Agreement affected Egypt's relation¬ ship with other Arab countries. Shows how the U.S. is caught in the dispute involving Israel, Egypt, and Saudi Arabia.

EGYPT:

GIFT OF THE NILE.

Centron, 1981.

29 min.

color.

CEN An illuminating visit to Egypt with spectacular scenes such as the Sphinx, the golden masks of the pharaohs, the granite quarries of Aswan (source for the building blocks of the pyramids), a fourand-a-half-thousand-year-old mummy. Gives relevant details of the history of Egypt throughout the visual tour.

EGYPT: THE STRUGGLE FOR STABILITY. Learning Corporation of America, n.d. (The Arab Experience Series.) 28 min. color. LEC An account of Egypt's rich natural resources full of potential for economic development and the extensive poverty of the people. Shows the struggle to develop the industrial power of the nation.

EGYPT'S PYRAMIDS: HOUSES OF ETERNITY. National Geographic Society, 1978. 22 min. color. NGS A report on the pyramids of Egypt: their history, development, and decline. Includes pyramids at Saqqara, Dahshur, Meidum, and Giza. Describes the rich culture and royal power reflected in the pyramids.

HYMN TO ATON. Miguel Aleman Velasco, 1978. 15 min. color. PHO Tells the story of the ancient Pharaoh Akenaton (Amenhotep IV), who abolished the worship of numerous gods and focused Egyptian religion on one god, Aton, the sun deity. His "Hymn to Aton" survives even though his successors attempted to remove his name from memory. Actress Eartha Kitt introduces the film and actor/ director John Huston reads the prayer.

»

Africa--Egypt

17

IN SEARCH OF PYRAMID SECRETS. Alan Landsburg Productions, n.d. 26 min. color. PYR Surveys the evolution of the ancient pyramids. Tells how the de¬ sign developed, what the pyramids look like from the outside and the inside. Narrator Leonard Nimoy discusses Egyptian burial prac¬ tices and religious beliefs.

THE LONG SEARCH: (5) ISLAM: THERE IS NO GOD BUT GOD. BBC, Time-Life, 1978. 52 min. color. TL A visit to Egypt provides an overview of the Islam religion. Mus¬ lims discuss their religious attitudes and practices.

THE LOST PHARAOH: THE SEARCH FOR AKHENATEN. National Film Board of Canada, 1980. 56i min. color. NFBC Tells the story of an Egyptian pharaoh, almost lost to history, who was discovered in 1975 by a Canadian archaeologist. Follows him as he tries to unravel the mystery of Akhenaten.

THE MIDDLE EAST: LEADERSHIP AND IDENTITY. Coronet, 1978. 21J min. color. COR An examination of modern Egypt that compares the city dwellers with the farmers. Discusses population growth and programs for improvement.

MUDHORSE. Atiat El-Abnoudi, 1971. 12 min. b/w. ICF A visual essay of horses and workers in an open-air brick factory on the banks of the Nile who use methods of ancient times. Pre¬ sents a close view of social conditions.

MYSTERIES OF THE GREAT PYRAMID.

Wolper Productions, 1977.

52 min. color. FI Gives a complete review of the history of the Great Pyramid of Egypt. Covers the 5,000 years with on-location footage and maps and drawings. Explores theories as to how the 2|-ton stones were raised. Narrated by Omar Sharif.

NASSER: n.d.

PEOPLE’S PHARAOH. Learning Corporation of America, (Leaders of the 20th Century Series.) 24 min. color.

LEC A report on the noted Egyptian leader from his role in the nation¬ alization of the Suez Canal to his eventual leadership of the Arab world.

THE NIGHT OF COUNTING THE YEARS.

Egypt, 1969.

100 min.

18

Filmography of the Third World

color. Directed by Shadi Abdelsalam. With Ahmah Marei. With English subtitles. ICR Recreates the discovery of a royal tomb near Thebes in 1881. De¬ picts the conflict between those concerned with tribal tradition and the art preservationists.

PRESERVING EGYPT'S PAST.

Miriam Burch, 1982.

23 min.

color.

NGS An account of threats to the survival of Egypt's monuments, tem¬ ples, and tombs. Shows how increased agriculture, population, changing weather conditions, and tourism cause problems. Ex¬ plores attempts by scientists to preserve the remains of Egypt's ancient civilization. Sponsored by National Geographic Society/ WQED/Gulf Oil Corporation.

THE PRICE OF CHANGE. Elizabeth Fernea, 1982. 26 min. color. ICF Examines the impact on family and society in Egypt when women enter the public work force after centuries of being restricted to the home. Made by an all-female film crew. Directed by Marilyn Gaunt.

SAD SONG OF TOUHA. Atiat El-Abnoudi, 1972. 12 min. b/w. ICF A look at a few of the poor of Cairo who survive in desperate and imaginative ways as performers in street circuses: jugglers, fireeaters, and others.

SADAT'S ETERNAL EGYPT. Gordon Hyatt, 1980. 45 min. color. CAR President Anwar el-Sadat and Walter Cronkite are seen visiting various Egyptian treasures from the days of the pharaohs. In¬ cludes scenes of Mit Abul Korn, Luxor, Valley of the Kings, and other historical sights. Sadat discusses the society that produced the magnificent works of the pharaohs and its relationship to mod¬ ern Egypt.

TRADITIONAL WORLD OF ISLAM: (5) KNOWLEDGE OF THE WORLD. Institutional Cinema, 1977. 30 min. color. INCI The role of knowledge as God's gift in Islamic life is explained. Traces the great contributions to civilization over the centuries. Shows universities, observatories, medical practices, Madrasahs in Isfahan, Iran and Cairo, Egypt.

TREASURES FROM THE VALLEY OF THE KINGS. Explo-Mundo, n.d. (Explorers of the'World Series.) 52 min. color. RAY

Africa- - Ethiopia

19

An Egyptologist filmed this report which shows evidence of the pharaohs' dream of immortality: the treasures that have survived through millennia. Includes some scenes inside tombs during exca¬ vation. Gives a look at flawless art works. Also available in French version.

TUT, THE BOY KING. NBC, 1977. 52 min. color. FI An opportunity to see fifty-five of the many treasures discovered when the tomb of Tutankhamun was unsealed in 1922. This film is tied in with the travelling exhibition of these treasures in the U.S. Narrated by Orson Welles. Provides background about the discovery of the tomb, the texts of poems found in the tomb, and information about each treasure viewed.

TUTANKHAMUN, LIVE FOREVER. IFEX

WWWL-TV, n.d.

55 min.

color.

Probes the fabric of Egyptian life (its seasons, its cultural heritage, its people) in order to understand the significance of King Tutank¬ hamun, who when buried at age eighteen was believed to rise from the tomb each day to follow the sun across the heavens returning to the underworld at night.

§

ETHIOPIA

ETHIOPIAN POWDER KEG. Hearst, n.d. (Screen Digest News Series.) 13 min. b/w. KING Gives the history of Ethiopia with emphasis on the period from the invasion by Italy in 1935 to the present.

THE KWEGU. Granada Television, n.d. ries.) 52 min. color. GTI

(Disappearing World Se¬

Explores the life of two interdependent tribes of southeast Ethiopia, the Kwegu and the Mursi. The Mursi offer security and cattle; the Kwegu have talents of navigation, honey-gathering and metalwork. Explains that with changing times the relationship cannot last much longer.

NYANGATOM: YELLOW RIFLES. Jean Arlaud and Philippe Senechal, n.d. 90 min. color. DOCE Studies the Nyangatom people who live in the lower Omo Valley in southwestern Ethiopia. Describes their beginnings and present situation, one of conflict with other groups over territory. Shows the impact of firearms from Swahili ivory traders in the second half of the nineteenth century on the Nyangatom. Illustrates their daily life.

Filmography of the Third World

20 YOHANNES THE SILVERSMITH.

Coronet, 1982.

24 min.

color.

COR An Ethiopian boy with university ambitions must still learn a trade and earn a living. Shows him as an apprentice to a master metalsmith making a silver Coptic cross.

§

GAMBIA

AFRICA REVISITED. Claude Chelli, Robb Moss, 1982. 48 min. color. RDF A film about some young black and white Americans who work for one summer in the Gambian village of Kabakama in West Africa. Shows them helping the villagers in a construction project. How¬ ever, as the summer wears on, tensions grow between white and black in the American group. Shows how racism transcends ex¬ perience .

ALHAJI BAI KONTE. Oliver Franklin and Marc Pevar, 1978. 12 min. color. BFDS, CUEI A visit with a virtuoso father-son team tuning, rehearsing and playing the kora, a 21-stringed Mandinka harp. Explains the in¬ debtedness of the blues to the kora. Also shows street scenes, markets, artisans.

MEDICINE MAN. United Nations, 1971. 27 min. color. UN, MAR Tells the story of a man who is a poet, musician and surgeon and who left England to return to his home in Gambia to practice medi¬ cine. Gives glimpses of the understaffed, underequipped hospital in Bansang where the doctor is the only surgeon for 200,000 peo¬ ple. Describes his attempts to blend traditional with modern medi¬ cal practice.

§

GHANA

AFRICA REBORN. Ghana, n.d. 30 min. color. EMG A brief history of Africa and a report on Ghana's head of state when he participated in the foundation of the O.A.U. at Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

ANANSE'S FARM. National Film Board of Canada, 1973. 7 min. color. FI A folktale from Ghana that tells the story of a spider who makes a mistake when he uses deception to improve relations between two friends who are enemies: t

Africa--Kenya

21

ASANTE MARKET WOMEN. Granada Television, n.d. (Disappear¬ ing World Series.) 52 min. color. FILI, GTI An account of the unique lifestyle of the Asante people whose soci¬ ety is based on polygamy. Women are subservient to the warriors, but the society is also matrilineal, i.e., wealth passes to the fa¬ ther's sister's children. Explores the changes gradually taking place and the fact that future generations will probably be free from male domination.

FEAR WOMAN. United Nations, 1970. 27 min. color. UN, MAR Reports on the new role of women in Ghana. Always independent, they used to sit at market stalls where they ran much of the nation's retail trade. Now they are moving into areas of power and influ¬ ence. Includes views of three prominent Ghana women: a business¬ woman, an appeals court judge, and the hereditary chief of a com¬ munity .

A GHANIAN FISHING VILLAGE. Lucern Films, 1980. (The Way We Were Series.) 19 min. color. LFI About everyday life in a small fishing village in Ghana. Follows a young girl through her day's routines: shopping in a market, pre¬ paring a meal for her family, playing on the beach, watching the return of the fishing fleet.

GIHOC SERVES GHANA. Ghana, n.d. 25 min. color. EMG A discussion of the problems involved with industrial development in an emerging nation such as Ghana.

HOUSE OF HISTORY. Ghana, n.d. 35 min. color. EMG Explores the old forts and castles to be found in Ghana.

SANKOFA. Ghana, n.d. 35 min. color. EMG A study of the traditional dances of Ghana. Illustrates the dif¬ ferent dances and discusses their significance in Ghanian society.

§

KENYA

ISLAND PEOPLE.

William Claiborne, 1970.

(Places People Live

Series.) 14 min. color. SEF Compares the daily life of the Tugen and Njemps tribes who live on a small island in Lake Baringo in Northern Kenya with the people of Marguerita Island (Nueva Espart) off the coast of Venezuela. The island in Kenya is barren so the people live mostly from fish from the lake. The people of Marguerita Island gather salt from

Filmography of the Third World

22

the tidal flats and harvest it. fish.

Also they cut sugar cane and catch

A non-narrated film.

LAST STAND IN EDEN.

National Geographic Society, 1979.

59

min. color. NGS Explores how the human residents and free-ranging elephants com¬ pete for the remaining arable land in Kenya.

ORAL HISTORY. Profile Productions. 60 min. color. UIL Based on a short story by Nadine Gordimer about a village chief in Kenya who agonizes over having to report rebel activities to white military authorities.

PLAINS PEOPLE. William Claiborne, 1970. (Places People Live Series.) 14 min. color. SEF Compares the daily life of one group, the Masai tribes of Kenya who share a common language, Maa, a Nilo-Hamitic tongue, with the Cheyenne and Crow Indians who live on the North Cheyenne Reservation in southeastern Montana. Shows the Masai's huts, food staples, and practices connected with livestock by contrast with the Indians' pre-fab houses and pick-up trucks and ways of handling cattle. A non-narrated film.

THE RENDILLE OF NORTHERN KENYA. Granada Television, n.d. (Disappearing World Series.) 52 min. color. GTI A study of the Rendille people who live in the dry semi-desert of Africa. Studies the traditional nomadic lifestyle influenced by the camel herds tended by the Rendille. Examines the present lure of big-city life in Nairobi.

TURKANA CONVERSATIONS TRILOGY: A WIFE AMONG WIVES. David and Judith MacDougall, 1982. 72 min. color. UCA One part of a trilogy about the semi-nomadic Turkana people of northwestern Kenya. Illustrates how the Turkana people view mar¬ riage. Three sisters talk about their thoughts on the subject. They reveal much about polygamy, individual liberty, and communal survival in their culture. In Turkana with English subtitles.

TURKANA CONVERSATIONS TRILOGY: LORANG'S WAY. David and Judith MacDougall, 1980. 69 min. color. UCA One part of a trilogy about the Turkana people of northwestern Kenya. Describes the life of Lorang, head of a Turkana house¬ hold, who has seen a little of the outside world and knows his so¬ ciety is vulnerable. Observes his interrelationships with his wives, children, relatives, and community peers. In Turkana with English subtitles. »

Africa--Liberia

23

TURKANA CONVERSATIONS TRILOGY: THE WEDDING CAMELS. David and Judith MacDougall, 1980. 108 min. color. UCA A feature-length documentary about the semi-nomadic herders, the Turkana people, who live in northwestern Kenya. This portion of the film trilogy reveals the intricate negotiations involved in a wed¬ ding arrangement over the animals to be given by the bride's father as her bridewealth. The quantity and kind of animals must be not too much to deplete the herd or appear to be weak, but not too lit¬ tle to be displeasing. Observes the outcome as decided by the groom-to-be. In Turkana with English subtitles.

WHAT WILL I BE TOMORROW? Beacon, 1983. 14 min. color. BEA A thirteen-year-old boy and his Masai family who live in Kenya are observed in their daily routines. The father tends the cows. The two wives build and maintain the huts, collect wood, make clothes, and cook. The boy herds, waters and feeds the cows. Shows the present upheaval in Masai life--new ways are putting a strain on the culture.

§

LIBERIA

THE COWS OF DOLO KEN PAYE: RESOLVING CONFLICT AMONG THE KPELLE. BFA, 1970. 32 min. color. PHO The local approach to justice in Fokwele, Liberia is shown through the handling of an incident involving a conflict between rich cattle owners and poorer rice farmers whose crops are often damaged by the cattle. Shows the "hot-knife ordeal" used as a test of guilt or innocence.

§

LIBYA

THE LIVING DESERT OF LIBYA.

Explo-Mundo, n.d.

52 min.

color. RAY An exhaustive report on the Sahara, the desert most devoid of hu¬ man and animal life. However, the filmmaker was able to record the obscure fauna existing there. Also depicts life in an oasis showing the Douadas, the sand sea of Ubari, fossil trees and sand roses, and natural life. Available also in French language version.

§

MALAWI

MALAWI, THE WARM HEART OF AFRICA.

Malawi, 1981.

30 min.

color. MAEM A complete survey of the scenery, game parks, hotels, and lakes

24

Filmography of the Third World

of Malawi.

Shows the people and customs.

Points out the location

of Malawi in the continent of Africa.

§

MALI

DESERT PEOPLE.

William Claiborne, 1970.

(Places People Live

Series.) 14 min. color. SEF Compares the desert people of the Sahara Desert, north of Timbuk¬ tu, Mali with the people of the desert of Rajasthan in Northwestern India. Shows the Tauregs, a Hamitic people, in their daily life searching for water and grazing lands for their animals. By con¬ trast, shows the Rajputs, about eleven million landowners, who are organized in patrilineal clans and who reclaim the desert with irri gation and new topsoil.

RIVER PEOPLE.

William Claiborne, 1970.

(Places People Live

Series.) 12 min. color. SEF Compares the people who live near the Magdelena River delta in Colombia with the people who live along the Niger River in the Republic of Mali. The contrasts include the mixed ethnic stock of the Colombian people who build their houses on stilts and travel by boat and the people who live in thatched huts near hippopota¬ muses and crocodiles and who cultivate crops along the river banks A non-narrated film.

§

MOROCCO

THE JEWS OF MOROCCO. Alden, n.d. 15i min. color. ALD The Jews of the Atlas Mountains in Morocco are observed getting ready to leave for a new life. Cites the 2,000-year history of this Jewish community. Gives glimpses of the Mellah, the ghetto of Casablanca, to obscure towns with a lifestyle far removed from the twentieth century.

LAROUSSIE THE SADDLEMAKER.

Coronet, n.d.

25 min.

color.

COR A visit to a medina, or central market, of Fez in Morocco. Shows a boy who works as a brass and copper apprentice in his father's shop. Includes scenes of superb Moroccan horses and horseman¬ ship, the art of saddlemaking, all reflecting the culture of Morocco

MOROCCO--A BERBER PORTRAIT.

Jacques Madvo, 1978.

(Coun¬

tries and Peoples Series.) 29 min. color. FI Visits the four "imperial" cities: Meknes, Marrakesh, Fez, Rabat.

Africa--Mozambique

25

Traces their history. Observes and discusses the rich culture of the Berbers who are the earliest known inhabitants of North Africa.

ROUTES OF EXILE: A MOROCCAN JEWISH ODYSSEY. Eugene Roscow, 1982. 90 min. color. CURC Examines the relationship of Arabs and Jews over the centuries. Tells, for example, how the mellah or ghetto was begun in Fez in the fifteenth century as a protective measure by the Sultan. Pre¬ sents interviews with Moroccan Jews seeking refuge in France or Israel. Also reports on the 18,000 Moroccan Jews who have settled in Montreal, Canada.

SAINTS AND SPIRITS. Center for Middle Eastern Studies, Uni¬ versity of Texas, 1979. 25 min. color. ICF An anthropological study of Islam in Morocco. Through the eyes of a believer the viewer observes ritual events and specialists that serve to mediate a relationship with the supernatural world. Ex¬ amines religion and ritual in everyday life.

SOME WOMEN OF MARRAKESH. Granada Television, 1976. 52 min. b/w. ICF, UTX All about urban women in Marrakesh, Morocco. Follows them in a variety of settings. Shows a traditional marriage, dancing girls, practice of folk religion, the "Turkish bath." Includes an interview¬ commentary by consultant Elizabeth Fernea.

TRADITIONAL WORLD OF ISLAM: (2) NOMAD AND CITY. Insti¬ tutional Cinema, 1977. 30 min. color. INCI Compares the nomad and the urban dweller. Shows scenes of Ber¬ bers, Baktiari, Bedouin, and Turkoman peoples, and the residents of sites like Sana'a, Yemen and Fez, Morocco.

§

MOZAMBIQUE

COLONIALISM HAS FALLEN.

Ron and Ophera Hallis, 1980.

24 min.

b/w. ICF Although the five-hundred years of colonialism in Mozambique are at an end, there are many surviving problems of colonialism: il¬ literacy, political backwardness, oppression of women. Filmed in a small rural village, this is a study of these problems and how the government is attempting to overcome them. Shows the social, po¬ litical, cultural and work life of the villagers.

THE REVOLUTION IS ADVANCING. 26 min.

color.

ICF

Ron and Ophera Hallis, 1980.

Filmography of the Third World

26

This film was made in Omm, the communal village named for the Mozambican women's organization, by filmmakers working; with the Mozambican Film Institute. Gives a report on progress in educa¬ tion, adult literacy programs, childhood education, and efforts to revitalize traditional music and dance.

§

NIGER

TOULA.

(THE WATER SPIRIT.)

Moustapha Alassane and Anna

Soehring, n.d. 80 min. color. DOCE The Fulani people of two villages in Niger enact a tale of drought based on an ancient legend in which a king vowed to sacrifice even himself to bring rain. The conditions described in the tale are com¬ pared with one of the worst droughts in recent years--the one in 1972 that had catastrophic results. This film was banned in Niger because of the implicit charge that the government had done little to help the stricken area.

THE TUAREGS. Bruce Parson, 1974. 46 min. color. ICF About the plight of the once-proud warrior tribe of the country Niger--the Tuaregs, who are suffering from the results of a long drought in the 1970's. Their home, the semi-desert region of Sa¬ hel, has been turned into a wasteland incapable of supporting them A massive foreign aid effort has been inadequate. In contrast, a view is shown of an air-conditioned town recently built only a few miles away for outsiders working the foreign-owned uranium mines.

§

NIGERIA

AFRICA IS MY HOME.

J. Michael Hagopian, 1979.

19 min.

color.

ATL Follows the life of a Nigerian woman from birth through marriage showing the important issues of African nationalism as she sees them.

DJIBO. AB/Beaurenaut, 1980. 52 min. color. FI Tells how Nigeria is trying to move from colonial status to become a modern twentieth-century nation. Documents the social changes now taking place in the culture of the Zarma people, such as new educational projects which help youth prepare for life in an urban setting. Follows an eleven-year-old youth named Djibo as he stud¬ ies for self-improvement. In French with English subtitles.

THE DOCTORS OF NIGERIA.

WGBH, 1981.

57 min.

color.

TL

Africa--Nigeria

27

Shows a bold experiment in which Western physicians work hand-inhand with traditional practitioners of medicine ("witch doctors") in Nigeria. Points out the traditional use of herbs and ancient skills of bone-setting without anesthesia, which the West is learning; and, on the other hand, how the tribal medicine men are learning about contagious diseases.

FESTAC '77. Regge Life, 1977. 7 min. color. BFDS Depicts a celebration of black and African culture in Nigeria during January and February 1977. Over fifty-five nations and 20,000 participants were involved. Shows the artists, dancers, actors and musicians who appeared in Lagos.

JOURNEY TOWARDS PEACE. UNICEF, 1972. 15 min. color. ISU Depicts the work of UNICEF to provide food for the children and homes for orphans following the war in Nigeria. Gives a look at Ibo village life as workers try to improve living conditions without disrupting the traditional lifestyle.

KONGI'S HARVEST. New Line Cinema, 1974. 85 min. color. Di¬ rected by Ossie Davis; screenplay by Wole Soyinka. With Wole Soyinka, Oba Danlola. NLC Black American director-actor Ossie Davis and African playwright Wole Soyinka join forces to create this drama set among the Yoruba people in southern Nigeria. Tells of a despot, Kongi, who is de¬ posed and succeeded by a progressive leader who later proves to be as bad as Kongi. The story is reported to be an allusion to Ghana's Kwami Nkrumah.

RELIGION IN NIGERIA: CHRISTIANITY. CBS, 1982. 28 min. color. NACC A television documentary about the most populous nation in Africa which serves as a prototype for all of Central Africa. Depicts the lesser-known fact of the Nigerians' active interest in religion, onethird of the nation being Christian. This is a report on the Chris¬ tians, their leaders, their efforts to bring African cultural influence into the church, their social services and contributions to Nigerian society. With Douglas Edwards as narrator.

SORO:

THE BEATING GAME.

C. Edward Horne, n.d.

25 min.

color. ITFE "Soro" is a Fulani beating game in which young men try to prove their manliness. In the game the men are beaten under the arm with a hardwood club. The film also shows the lifestyle of the Fulani--their activities in the markets, at home, in the camp, and the dancing by young people.

Filmography of the Third World

28

THAT OUR CHILDREN WILL NOT DIE.

Joyce Chopra, n.d.

60

min. color. DOCE Shows how Nigeria with the biggest population in sub-Saharan At rica, has many natural resources, but also, by contrast, a high mortality rate. Discusses the various approaches to delivery of basic health care in Nigeria. This film is sponsored by the Ford Foundation.

A THING OF WONDER.

Frank Frost, Media Associates, 1982.

18

min. color. BRP A church in Nigeria, a former mission of the American Church of the Brethern, makes a film report on the indigenous church's life and meaning in Africa today. Shows how local culture is manifested in the people's Christian practices.

THE TRIBAL EYE:

(2) BEHIND THE MASK.

BBC and Warner

Bros., 1976. 55 min. color. TL Traces the creation of ceremonial masks and how they are used by the Dogon tribes of Nigeria. Written and narrated by David Atten¬ borough.

THE TRIBAL EYE:

(6) KINGDOM OF BRONZE.

BBC and Warner

Bros., 1976. 55 min. color. TL A report on the bronze-casting techniques of the Beni people of Nigeria. Tells about the ancient wax process still used by the Ni¬ gerians in bronze work today. Written and narrated by David Attenborough.

§

SENEGAL

ALHAJI BAI KONTE.

Oliver Franklin and Marc Pevar, 1978.

12

min. color. BFDS, CUEI A visit with a virtuoso father-son team tuning, rehearsing and playing the kora, a twenty-one-stringed Mandinka harp. Explains the indebtedness of the blues to the kora. Also shows street scenes, markets, artisans.

CEDDO. Ousmane Sembene, 1977. 120 min. color. Directed by Ousmane Sembene. Cast unlisted. In Wolof with English sub¬ titles. NYF An epic set in the nineteenth century about some Senegalese vil¬ lagers (the ceddo) who rebel against a king and his council. The plot includes the kidnapping of a princess and an account of the conflicts stirred up during early Moslem expansion in the area. »

Africa--Somalia

29

JOM. Ababcar Sam Makharam, 1982. 80 min. color. In Wolof with English subtitles. NYF The film's title has to do with a quality which is a combination of courage, grace under pressure, loyalty, and dignity. The story of this feature film has to do with modern Senegal where the workers are involved in a strike. One of their group recounts heroic stor¬ ies of their past--stories of people who had Jom--in order to inspire similar ideals which seem harder to achieve in the present-day world

NJANGAAN. Senegal, 1974. 80 min. color. Directed by Mahama Johnson Traore. With Marne N'Diaye. In Wolof with English subtitles. NYF A Senegalese expose film about the boys enslaved by marabouts. A devastating attack on abuses that survive from the colonial period.

SOULS IN THE SUN. United Nations, 1982. 27 min. color. UN, MAR The story of the grim life in Africa south of the Sahara which, be¬ cause of the drought, suffered drastic cuts in food production. Using Senegal as an example, the film describes the lack of avail¬ able medical care and the high mortality rate. Development is shown going on mainly in the urban areas whereas the rural areas are ne¬ glected. Talks about the role of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development. Available also in French and Spanish ver¬ sions .

§

SOMALIA

NO PLACE TO BE ME. Beacon, 1983. 15 min. color. BEA Depicts the desperate struggle of a twelve-year-old boy for nutri¬ tion and shelter. He and his family are war refugees who live in the Somalian desert. Shows a typical day: where they live, saying Moslem prayers at school, searching for fuel, the refugee camp's marketplace. Discusses lack of water, food, medical care.

SIGAALOW: TOWN OF DUST. United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, n.d. 22 min. color. CRMM Tells the story of Sigaalow, a refugee camp containing 15,000 dis¬ placed Somalian nomads. The film documents the daily life, farming methods, educational activites and culture of these people.

§

SOUTH AFRICA

ABAPHUCIWE--THE DISPOSSESSED. color.

CN

Gavin Younge, 1980.

40 min.

Filmography of the Third World

30

"Abaphuciwe" is the Zulu word used to describe "those who have had everything taken by force," i.e., the millions of black South Africans driven from their homes to live in special "homelands," the bantustans that function as overcrowded rural ghettos. Shows how the Abaphuciwe are tapped to supply the cheap labor force for south Africa's expanding farming, mining and manufacturing industries.

THE AFRIKANER EXPERIENCE: POLITICS OF EXCLUSION. United Nations, 1978. 35 min. color. LEC, UN, MAR This is an edited version of SOUTH AFRICA: THE WHITE LAAGER, a film about apartheid in South Africa and the history of the white immigrants who now govern the country.

AMAZULU--PEOPLE OF THE SKY. Morris-Lindsay Films, 1979. 23i min. color. FCO A report on the daily life of the Zulu people in a village (kraal). Shows daily routines, construction of a reed hut, agriculture, prim¬ itive iron-smelting, bead-making. Observes the village "diviner" and the Zulu social structure. An old village chief remembers the past history--Shaka the black leader, colonial rule.

COUNTRY LOVERS. UIL

Profile Productions, 1982.

60 min.

color.

Based on a short story by Nadine Gordimer, this is the story of a tragic clandestine affair between the son of a white Afrikaner and a black servant with whom he was raised on a farm.

CROSSROADS: color. CN

SOUTH AFRICA.

Jonathan Wacks, 1980.

49 min.

Reveals the dreadful details of Crossroads, the "illegal" squatters' town of 20,000 in South Africa. This community exists as a result of defiance by black people to population controls and forced re¬ settlement programs. Stresses the role of three women as leading figures in confrontation with the authorities.

THE DISCARDED PEOPLE. color. CN

Granada Television, 1981.

31 min.

A special report on the present status of apartheid in South Africa. Filmed clandestinely in the Ciskei Bantustan and smuggled out of the country, this film makes the point that the forced removal of black people to "homelands" or serves has provided a dumping ground for black surplus labor. Uses interviews with actual de¬ portees. Shows scenes of neighborhoods bulldozed, families sepa¬ rated, disease-ridden conditions in the bantustans ("homelands"). i

Africa--South Africa

31

HOWL AT THE MOON. H. Cassirer, M. Purkey and W. Kentridge, n.d. 40 min. color. TEX A dramatic presentation about a black woman, a servant for a white family in Johannesburg, who secretly shares a room with four other people. The goal of the five is to become legal residents of a black community even if they have to bribe an official. The play com¬ bines comedy and despair to tell a story of race relations and mod¬ ern life in South Africa.

LAST GRAVE AT DIMBAZA. CN

Nana Mahomo, 1974.

55 min.

color.

A revealing portrait of the apartheid system in South Africa. Shows the working conditions of blacks restricted legally to lowpaying jobs. Also shows squalid living quarters, separation of families, malnutrition. Shows how 8 percent of the country's pop¬ ulation lives in an assigned 13 percent of the land.

THE LONG SEARCH: (10) AFRICAN RELIGIONS--ZULU ZION. BBC/Time-Life, 1978. 52 min. color. TL Observes the Zulu Independent Churches of South Africa in order to study their approach to Christianity. Traces the history of re¬ ligious practices in Africa, including the recent rediscovery of Af¬ rican religious identity. Narrated by Ronald Eyre.

PASSING THE MESSAGE. Cliff Bestall and Michael Gavshon, 1983. 47 min. color. ICF Explores the contract labor system, the pass system and other re¬ strictive measures which affect the black workers under conditions of apartheid in South Africa. Tells how the newly created "home¬ land state" makes the blacks foreign workers in their own country. Traces the history of trade unions--white and black--in South Africa.

PRAISE. Profile Productions, 1982. 60 min. color. UIL Based on a short story of Nadine Gordimer about a black child who is gifted. When befriended by whites, he finds himself torn between the black and white worlds.

SIX DAYS IN SOWETO.

Anthony Thomas,

1978.

55 min.

color.

CN A disturbing expose that gives details of the Soweto rebellion of 1976 in South Africa. Shows how youths rebelled against the im¬ posed marginal lifestyle, classroom instruction limited to the Afri¬ kaans language, and the learning of only menial skills. Uses in¬ terview, new footage, and contemporary scenes in Soweto.

Filmography of the Third World

32 SIX FEET OF THE COUNTRY.

Lynton Stephenson, Angelo Avioni-

tis, 1980. 291 min. color. COR A fictional story set in racially troubled South Africa about a black African's need for a small plot of ground in which he can be buried Shows the forces in today’s life in South Africa. Based on a short story by Nadine Gordimer.

SOUTH AFRICA BELONGS TO US.

Gerhard Schmidt, 1981.

57

min. color. CN, ICF The stories of nine South African women serve to demonstrate the struggle of black women for dignity in the atmosphere of apartheid. Gives a look from the inside as to what work and home life are like in a black "reserve." Includes interviews with well-known women leaders, such as Winnie Mandela. Banned Indian women's leader Fatimah Meer speaks about the sufferings of women under apartheid. Also available in 35-minute version.

SOUTH AFRICA: THE WHITE LAAGER. United Nations, 1978. 58 min. color. LEC, UN, MAR Has the same footage as the film THE AFRIKANER EXPERIENCE: POLITICS OF EXCLUSION, except this full-length version includes interviews with Afrikaners. A documentary on the Dutch and other immigrants who are now the main governing white minority of South Africa. Traces their life in South Africa from settlement to today's apartheid situation.

THE WILBY CONSPIRACY. United Artists, 1975. 105 min. color. Directed by Ralph Nelson; photography by John Coquillon; mu¬ sic by Stanley Myers; screenplay by Rod Amateau, Harold Nebenzal based on the novel by Peter Driscoll. With Sidney Poitier, Michael Caine, Nicol Williamson, Prunella Gee, Saeed Jaffrey, Persis Khambatta. FI, BUDG A British film released by United Artists about a black revolution¬ ary who is fleeing from Cape Town to Johannesburg with the help of a British engineer.

YOU HAVE STRUCK A ROCK! United Nations, 1981. 28 min. color. CN, UN, MAR Uses firsthand accounts to tell the story of leadership and bravery among the oppressed women of Black South Africa. Explains how they led anti-pass campaigns in the 1950's and took the lead in op¬ posing apartheid. Also available in French language version.

»

Africa--South West Africa §

33

SOUTH WEST AFRICA (Namibia)

BAOBAB PLAY. Documentary Educational Resources, n.d. color. DOCE

8 min.

Children and teenagers of a group of bushmen in Namibia and Bots¬ wana throw sticks, berries and leaves at each other from high up in a large baobab tree.

CHILDREN THROW TOY ASSEGAIS. Documentary Educational Re¬ sources, n.d. 4 min. color. DOCE Young boys of the San people (bushmen) who live in the Namibia and Botswana area are observed throwing toy spears into a tree while a girl watches. They are trying to make the spears stick in the tree's bark.

COLONIALISM: A CASE STUDY--NAMIBIA. United Nations, n.d. 23 min. color. JFI, UN, MAR A short version of NAMIBIA: A TRUST BETRAYED, a report on the history of Namibia from pre-World War I to the present.

A CRY FOR FREEDOM. John Evenson, 1981. 20 min. color. LUTH Discusses the rule of terror under which Black Namibians have lived for sixty years. Footage shows scenes of torture and mass murder. Also provides firsthand accounts with Africans and others to discuss problems and possible solutions.

FREE NAMIBIA! United Nations, 1978. 27 min. color. CN A study of Namibia, a tragic example of low life-expectancy for blacks due to poverty and disease. Explores, by contrast, the attitudes and rituals of the white settlers and the interests of multinational corporations in copper, diamonds, uranium. De¬ scribes the formation of SWAPO, the South West Africa People's Organization. Narrated by Ossie Davis.

THE MELON TOSSING GAME. Documentary Educational Resources, n.d. 15 min. color. DOCE A look at women from three !Kung bands as they play a game in¬ volving melon tossing. At one point men intrude and dance, and an old woman goes into a trance-like state. Reveals underlying social and personal tensions of the participants.

N!AI, THE STORY OF A !RUNG WOMAN. John K. Marshall, Sue Marshall-Cabezas, 1980. 59 min. color. DOCE

Filmography of the Third World

34

A !Kung San woman from the Kalahari Desert in Namibia tells about twenty-seven years in her life. Footage covers her early years, when she was part of a band of gatherers and hunters who roamed freely and her recent years, spent on a government-run reserve. Shows elements of the traditional culture that are fast disappearing.

NAMIBIA: A CASE STUDY IN COLONIALISM. Ramakantha Sarma for the United Nations, 1975. 20 min. color. CN Traces the origins of European colonial domination in Africa and today's changing conditions. Shows the rebellion of Namibian na¬ tions against German settlers and the gunning down of Namibians. Then covers the British occupation followed by South African rule Shows resistance efforts led by SWAPO, the South West Africa People's Organization.

NAMIBIA: A TRUST BETRAYED. United Nations, 1974. 27 min. color. JFI, UN, MAR A report on the history of Namibia from pre-World War I to the present. Discusses Namibia's early status as a German colony and as a mandated territory (South West Africa). Tells how Namibia missed out on independence, being swallowed up instead by South Africa. Relates how South Africa applied apartheid to the Namibian territory. Available in Arabic, French and Spanish language ver¬ sions .

§

SUDAN

THE SHILLUK OF SOUTHERN SUDAN. Granada Television, n.d. (Disappearing World Series.) 53 min. color. GTI Traces the roots of the Shilluk people who live along the Nile in modern Sudan. Tells how they were unified in the sixteenth cen¬ tury by a leader named Nyikang. Includes footage of their rites, mock battles, and celebrations in connection with the coronation of a new king.

§

TANZANIA

BEYOND THE PLAINS. VIL

Michael Raeburn, n.d.

52 min.

color.

A rare film in which Africans speak for themselves and footage in¬ cludes Masai music and dance. Explores the true story of a herds¬ boy of a nomadic Masai community who attends school and gains a new identity in an age that challenges ethnic traditions with emer¬ gent nationalism. The story typifies what is happening throughout Africa.

Africa--Tunisia

35

SLIMA THE DHOWMAKER. Coronet, 1980. 25 min. color. COR Follows the 2,000-year-old craft of making wooden sailing boats called "dhows." Traces the selection of naturally curved trees, sealing the hull, securing the canvas sails. Depicts the villagers celebrating the launching of a dhow.

TANZANIA: EDUCATION FOR SELF-RELIANCE. Osterried Produc¬ tions and the Tanzanian Audio Visual Institute, 1978. 30 min. color. ICF Shows how a governmental institute in Tanzania helps villagers learn new skills to meet everyday needs such as housing. Shows how traditional mud houses with thatched roofs must be rebuilt every few years and how people are being trained to build with mud bricks and aluminum roofs. Also explains how people are taught to apply for government loans to aid house building.

TANZANIA: PATH FOR A NATION. United Nations, 1970. 27 min. color. UN, MAR A report on Tanzania and its goals as a new country. President Julius Nyerere explains the country's goal of single citizenship for all, overcoming hunger, poverty and ignorance. Includes views of farms and villages.

UJAMAA. Maryknoll, n.d. 28 min. color. MAFI About how Tanzanians are trying to develop at their own pace with¬ out any sizable help from other countries. "Ujamaa" ("familyhood") is the rallying cry for President Julius Nyerere's socialist govern¬ ment. Shows the role of Father Art Willie of Maryknoll, who has worked in Tanzania for twenty-five years.

THE YEAR OF THE WILDEBEEST.

Alan Root, n.d.

55 min.

color.

BEF Documents the annual migration of a herd of one million wildebeest over 2,000 miles in Tanzania to search for grass and water during the hot summer. Shows how herds of antelope, zebra, giraffe, and buffalo go along with the wildebeest for the migration.

§

TUNISIA

FACTORIES FOR THE THIRD WORLD: TUNISIA. Gordian Troeller and Marie Claude Deffarge, 1979. 43 min. color. ICF Traces economic change and development in the third world using Tunisia as an example of underdeveloped countries seeking progress Discusses the union movement, government suppression, feelings of the workers, foreign investments in Tunisia, tax concessions.

Filmography of the Third World

36

THE JEWS OF DJERBA. Alain Cohen and Georges Nizan, 1977. JMS An account of the Jews who are a remnant of the Babylonian Jew¬ ish community established in 586 B.C.E. after the First Temple was destroyed. Visits the current residing place of these people, a tiny island off the southeast coast of Tunisia which is visited each year by many travellers. The "Ghriba" these Jews built used stone from Solomon's Temple. A rare look at a lifestyle from the past.

§

UGANDA

IDI AMIN DADA. Jean-Pierre Rassam and Charles-Henri Favrod, 1976. 90 min. color. Directed by Barbet Schroeder; photogra¬ phy by Nestar Almendros. With English narration. ALLI The director, Barbet Schroeder, spent two weeks in Uganda in 1974 to create this official portrait of Amin. The film displays the character of Amin as tyrant and buffoon.

INSIDE AMIN'S TERROR MACHINE. Granada Television, n.d. 52 min. color. GTI Describes the eight-year reign of terror in Uganda following the overthrowing of the president by Idi Amin. Gives details of atroci¬ ties. Shows that not only the Ugandans suffered, but others did too—Asians and Europeans who were expelled or disappeared. This is the first documentary made following the overthrow of Amin in 1979.

TO LIVE WITH HERDS. min. b/w. UCA

David and Judith MacDougall, 1974.

70

Illustrates the impact of government policies connected with national growth on the semi-nomadic people, the pastoral Jie in pre-Amin Uganda. Shows how the economic underpinning of the society and its values are abused. Depicts the daily routines of work and play during a bad dry season. In Jie with English subtitles.

THE UPROOTED. Salvation Army, n.d. 33 min. color. MTP A report on the plight of refugees in Africa and Asia and the Sal¬ vation Army relief operations in these places. Shows work being done in Uganda, Zambia, Thailand and Hong Kong: rehabilitation, medical care, food distribution, transit camps, language instruction

§

UPPER VOLTA

ADAMA, THE FULANI MAQICIAN. Jim Rosellini/African Family Films, 1980. 22 min. c6lor. AFF

Africa--Zaire

37

Uses performance and interview sequences to reveal the background and personality of a renowned deaf African street performer who practices the magic of the ancient Yantaori tradition in Ouagadou¬ gou, Upper Volta. He uses West African sign language. The film is available in English and French versions with voice over and subtitles respectively.

§

ZAIRE

HOT SPOT.

Robin Lehman, 1974.

9 min.

color.

PHO

A documentary about the Nyiragonga Volcano in Zaire. Provides an awe-inspiring view in the very mouth of the volcano.

RAIN FOREST PEOPLE. Sterling, 1970. ries.) 14 min. color. SEF

(Places People Live Se¬

Compares the Bambito people, a pygmy tribe of nomadic hunters, with the life of the Waika Indians of Venezuela, who are largely an agricultural people. A non-narrated film.

§

ZAMBIA

ZAMBIA. Journal Films, 1976. (Families of the World Series.) 19 min. color. JFI Depicts the life of a family on an island in Lake Bangsel in Zambia. The father is a tailor, the sons are fishermen and students. The women--wife and daughters--do the cooking. Examines the society and its relationship to the world outside.

§

ZIMBABWE (Rhodesia)

FROM RHODESIA TO ZIMBABWE. United Nations, 1981. 19 min. color. UN, MAR Uses newsreel footage to trace the history of Zimbabwe's independ¬ ence. Discusses annexation by the British, the guerrilla war, peace negotiations and the achievement of independence in 1980. Robert Mugabe, former freedom fighter and Prime Minister of Zimbabwe, comments on his country's future.

I CAN HEAR ZIMBABWE CALLING. Ron and Ophera Hallis, 1981. 50 min. color. ICF During the struggle against the Ian Smith government a number of young Zimbabweans fled their country. This is the portrait of those who fled to Mozambique. Follows them up to the day they returned home in a long, arduous march across the frontier.

38

Filmography of the Third World

Recounts the activities of the Rhodesian forces--bombing and at¬ tacks on the fugitives in schools and clinics in Mozambique.

MOVING ON: THE HUNGER FOR LAND IN ZIMBABWE. Peter Entell, 1982. 52 min. color. CN Tells the present-day story of Zimbabwe through the personal lives of two farming families--one black, the other white. Points out the need to work out differences between white and black peo¬ ple and the need for land reform since Zimbabwe's independence in 1980. Many of the questions concern all Africa. Sponsored by Belgium-Zimbabwe associates.

THE NEW ZIMBABWE. Maryknoll, n.d. 28 min. color. MAFI A documentary that explores the struggle of the people of Zimbabwe for independence. Shows the attempt of recently elected Robert Mugabe to bring whites and blacks together. Major issues in Zim¬ babwe today are discussed by white and black Zimbabwean business and religious leaders.

RHINO RESCUE. Tommy Doig, 1974. 22 min. color. PHO A study of the problem of poachers who stalk elephants and rhinos in Rhodesia and the efforts of game wardens to capture and trans¬ port the enormous animals to a safer district.

ASIA

§

GENERAL

ASIA: TWO THIRDS AND COUNTING. United Nations, 1975. 27 min. color. SEF, UN, MAR A study of Asia's population growth and how the problem is being approached in India, China and Japan. India and China are attacking poverty first, whereas Japan has found that industrialization is accompanied by a drop in birth rate. Tells how two thirds of the world's population now living in Asia may double by the year 2000.

THE LONG SEARCH: (3) BUDDHISM, FOOTPRINT OF THE BUDDHA--INDIA. BBC/Time-Life, 1978. 52 min. color. TL A report on the type of Buddhism practiced in Sri Lanka, India and throughout Southeast Asia. Monks, children, housewives, and novices all talk about their religious practices. Narrated by Ron¬ ald Eyre.

MANIFESTATIONS OF SHIVA. Muriel Peters, 1980. 61 min. color. ASIA The Hindu God Shiva is worshipped through dance, art, music and ritual. A non-narrated film that expresses a feeling for the events shown.

ON THE ROOF OF THE WORLD WITH MARCO POLO. Marco Polo Foundation, 1983. 27 min. color. MPF In 1981 Harry Rutstein, who had formerly followed the route of thirteenth-century traveller Marco Polo from Italy to Afghanistan, continued the next leg of the journey from the Hindu Kush and Karakoram Mountains of Pakistan and went over the roof of the world to the Chinese border. This is the filmed part of this explorer-photographer's trip. Traces the history, culture, reli¬ gion, politics, and geography of the regions visited.

THE ROAD TO KATMANDU. Exodus Film Productions, n.d. 58 min. color. DO A Observes an eleven-week journey from London to Nepal--11,000 miles of deserts, mountain ranges, and plateaus. Stops include

Filmography of the Third World

40

Istanbul, Epheseus, Myra Demre, the Valley of Cappadocia, Mount Arrarat, Mesopotamia, and the Garden of Eden, Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, the Plain of Delhi, the foothills of the Himalayas, Nepal, and Katmandu.

THREE PATHS: HINDUISM, BUDDHISM, AND TAOISM. Hartley, n.d. 18 min. color. HARP Compares three Eastern religions and gives a view of the geographic settings in which they flourish--from the Ganges River to Peking. Shows varied views of religious manifestations, such as a monk meditating, a Chinese man dancing the Tai Chi, and a Hatha Yoga posture.

§

SOUTHWEST ASIA (Middle East)

General

THE ANCIENT ART OF BELLY DANCING. Stewart Lippe, 1977. 30 min. color. PHO Reviews the 5,000-year history of belly dancing, including rare footage of "Little Egypt," who became famous for her dancing at the 1893 Chicago World's Fair. Also has interviews with belly dancers at training classes.

THE ARAB IDENTITY : WHO ARE THE ARABS? Learning Corpora¬ tion of America, 1976. (The Arab Experience Series.) 26 min. color. LEC Viewers visit the Great Mosque of Mecca, the refugee camps around Beirut, a funeral ritual in Cairo. The film emphasizes the unifying influence of the traditional heritage for 125 million Arabs.

THE ARMENIAN CASE. ATL

Atlantis Productions, n.d.

43 min.

color.

A history of the Armenian people. Emphasizes major events, such as the genocide of 1915, and the rebirth of the Armenian community in Diaspora and the Soviet Union, e.g., Iran and Turkey in the Middle East.

CONVERSATION WITH ARCHBISHOP GEORGE PLIMPTON. n.d. 25 min. color. ALD

Alden,

A visit with the ranking Anglican clergyman in the Middle East who discusses how the establishment of the state of Israel has affected Christians' attitudes toward the Jews. He talks also about the im¬ pact on the care of Holy Places and the role of the church in work¬ ing for peace.

41

Asia--Southwest Asia

THE DERVISHES OF KURDISTAN. Granada Television, n.d. (Dis¬ appearing World Series.) 52 min. color. GTI The first report ever allowed about the Dervish tribesmen who live on the mountainous frontier of Iran and Iraq. The Dervishes would do anything for their leader, the Sheik, because it is only through him that they can aspire to communion with God.

THE FORGOTTEN GENOCIDE. Atlantis Productions, 1976. 28 min. color. ATL Tells the tragic story of the genocide of the Armenians in 1915, the first case of genocide in the twentieth century.

THE HOLY QUR’AN (KORAN).

Rebecca Yates and Glen Salzman,

1978. 20 min. color. PHO Covers the history of the sacred book of Islam and its meaning for Moslems as the direct word of God. Explains how the Koran came to be written, the traditions connected with it, and the magnifi¬ cence of calligraphy applied to the Koran in the fifteenth and six¬ teenth centuries.

THE MIDDLE EAST. Journal Films, 1980. 26£ min. color. JFI The history of the Arab-Israeli conflict. Discusses the early 1970's and the 1973 war. Gives a step-by-step report on U.S. Secretary of State Kissinger's negotiations that led to the summit meetings. Ends with the Camp David agreements.

MIDDLE EAST:

JOURNEY INTO THE FUTURE.

Vladimir Bibic,

1978. 15 min. color. BARR An account of a farmer who uses the traditional methods to work the land but also works 400 miles away as a diver for an oil com¬ pany. Examines the impact of such a lifestyle that includes the worlds of the past and the future.

THE MIDDLE EAST:

MOSAIC OF PEOPLES.

Coronet, 1978.

21i

min. color. COR Describes the varied cultures and lifestyles of the Middle East and traces their roots in the cultures of Sumer, Babylon and Persia. Tells about the coexistence of different religious sects.

MIDDLE EAST--PROMISED LAND, TROUBLED LAND.

Hearst, n.d.

14 min. b/w. KING Traces the centuries-old history of Jewish and Moslem conflicts from ancient times to the present. Stresses the impact of the con¬ flict on the Middle East over the years.

42

Filmography of the Third World

MIDEAST: ARTS, CRAFTS AND ARCHITECTURE. Vocational and Industrial Films, Ltd., 1977. 18 min. color. PHO Provides an understanding of the role of Islamic religion in fashion¬ ing the type of artistic activity and expression found in the Middle East. Emphasis is on art, crafts and architecture. Shows artists, craftsmen at work. Consultant: Dr. George Rentz, Stanford Uni¬ versity .

MIDEAST: ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT. Vocational and Industrial Films, Ltd., 1977. 18 min. color. PHO Illustrates the opportunity for rapid modernization that has been provided to Middle East countries thanks to the high demand for oil. Emphasis is on economic development, impact of oil, and plans for the future economy. Consultant: Dr. George Rentz, Stanford University.

MIDEAST: ISLAM--THE UNIFYING FORCE. Vocational and Indus¬ trial Films, Ltd., 1977. 17 min. color. PHO A study of Islam as one of the world's major religions. Indicates beliefs and practices of Muslims all over the world and the role of Islam as a unifying force in the Middle East. Consultant: Dr. George Rentz, Stanford University.

MIDEAST: LAND AND PEOPLE. Vocational and Industrial Films, Ltd., 1978. 20 min. color. PHO A study of the people, their lifestyles, and the geographic fea¬ tures of the Islamic Middle East with particular emphasis on Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Morocco, and the Gulf States. Consul¬ tant: Dr. George Rentz, Stanford University.

MIDEAST: PIONEERS OF SCIENCE. Vocational and Industrial Films, Ltd., 1978. 20 min. color. PHO Tells of the impact of the Middle East on modern science. Shows how, through preservation of the ancient world's scientific legacy (Greece and Rome) and introducing it to Europe, the foundation was laid for modern technology. Cites the wheel and axle, alge¬ bra, surgery, anesthetics, chemistry, decimal point, air condition¬ ing, astronomy, geography, as examples of modern developments influenced by ancient achievements. Consultant: Dr. George Rentz, Stanford University.

SINAI FIELD MISSION. ZIP

Frederick Wiseman, 1978.

127 min.

color.

Presents the day-to-day activities of the diplomats and electronics technicians who run the U.S. Sinai Field Mission, an earlywarning system set up in 1976 in the buffer zone between Israel

Asia--Southwest Asia

43

and Egypt. Explains that the purpose of the Mission is to observe and verify the operations of Egyptian and Israeli surveillance sta¬ tions.

SOLDIERS IN SINAI: A PEACEKEEPING STORY. United Nations, 1975. 27 min. color. UN, MAR A report on the United Nations Emergency Force that was set up and flown to the Sinai Desert for the peacekeeping effort after the 1973 war in the Middle East. Shows how the multi-national force learned to work together despite different customs, equipment and languages. Describes operations such as stopping the fighting, separating the opponents, and providing a pause in the fighting.

SOUTHWEST ASIA: NATIONS OF COMPLEXITY. MTI Telepro¬ grams, n.d. (Faces of Man Series.) 25 min. color MTI Discusses four countries--Turkey, Afghanistan, Iran and Pakistan --and the impact of change on them. Shows scenes of moderniza¬ tion work in certain areas as contrasted with poorer villages that do not have the means for development.

SUEZ CANAL. Hearst, n.d. (Screen News Digest Series.) 13 min. b/w. KING A history of the Suez Canal from its opening in 1869 to the present Explains the canal's important role as a waterway connecting the Mediterranean and the Red Sea.

THE SUPER POWERS AND THE ARAB-ISRAELI DISPUTE. British Open University, 1976. 24 min. color. UMED A film that asks questions about the role of the super powers in the Arab-Israeli dispute. Have they exercised influence? Can the conflict be controlled? What is the power of the oil producers? Also traces the history of the relationship between the superpow¬ ers and with the Middle East states.

THE DHIMMIS:

TO BE A JEW IN ARAB LANDS.

Israel Film Ser¬

vice, 1975. 45 min. color. JMS A film that discusses persecution of the Jews in the Arab countries The treatment is historical and includes rare footage, still photo¬ graphs, maps and interviews that give little-known accounts of actual incidents.

TO BE A JEW IN ARAB LANDS.

Alden, n.d.

46 min.

color.

ALD An account of the life of Jews in Arab countries before and after 1948, the year of independence for Israel. Shows how Jews were

44

Filmography of the Third World

treated as second-class citizens. tions .

Depicts pogroms and persecu¬

TRADITIONAL WORLD OF ISLAM: (1) UNITY. Institutional Cine¬ ma, 1977. 30 min. color. INCI The first of a six-part series produced at the time of the 1976 London Festival of Islam. This episode defines Islam and explains the meaning of Islamic ritual. Explains attitudes regarding justice, mercy, valor in warfare. Most scenes are devoted to the Middle East.

TRADITIONAL WORLD OF ISLAM: (2) NOMAD AND CITY. Insti¬ tutional Cinema, 1977. 30 min. color. INCI Compares the nomad and the urban dweller. Shows scenes of Ber¬ bers, Baktiari, Bedouin, and Turkoman peoples, and the residents of sites like Sana'a, Yemen and Fez, Morocco.

TRADITIONAL WORLD OF ISLAM: (3) MAN AND NATURE. Insti¬ tutional Cinema, 1977. 30 min. color. INCI Discusses the relationship between society and the environment in the view of Islam. Shows traditional mud-brick homes, ganat sys¬ tems, waterwheels, windtowers, ice factories.

TRADITIONAL WORLD OF ISLAM: (4) PATTERNS OF BEAUTY. Institutional Cinema, 1977. 30 min. color. INCI Explains the Islamic concern with beauty. Scenes show architec¬ tural design and examples of calligraphy.

TRADITIONAL WORLD OF ISLAM: (5) KNOWLEDGE OF THE WORLD. Institutional Cinema, 1977. 30 min. color. INCI The role of knowledge as God’s gift in the Islamic life is explained. Traces the great contributions to civilization over the centuries. Shows universities, observatories, medical practices, Madrasahs in Isfahan, Iran and Cairo, Egypt.

TRADITIONAL WORLD OF ISLAM: (6) INNER LIFE. Institutional Cinema, 1977. 30 min. color. INCI An examination of Sufism--the quest for mystical union with God. Depicts the shrines of saints, retreats for ascetics, chanting, whirling dervishes.

A VEILED REVOLUTION. ICF

Elizabeth Fernea, 1982.

25 min.

color.

Explores the political and religious reasons for the Arab women's

45

Asia--Southwest Asia return to traditional garb after a period of protest in which they took off the veil for political reasons. Their present mode of dress, which they call Islamic dress, includes full face veil and gloves.

WHERE ARE MY PEOPLE? Atlantis Productions, 1964. 28 min. color. ATL A report on the little-known, small nation of Armenia that has made an important and lasting contribution to civilization.

Arabia (includes Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Yemen Arab Republic, People's Republic of Yemen)

ABU DHABI, LAND OF THE GAZELLE.

British Petroleum Company,

1969. 25 min. color. MTP A report on Abu Dhabi filmed just before the British withdrawal in 1971. Shows via old footage scenes of Bedouin life and culture in the days before the discovery of oil. Presents a short appraisal of the problems connected with the discovery of oil and the build¬ up of enormous wealth.

CHARLES DOUGHTY:

ARABIA.

BBC/Time-Life, n.d.

(Ten Who

Dared Series.) 52 min. color. TL The story of the first European to live side by side with the desert Bedouins, a visit which provided information for his book, Travels in Arabia Deserts, one of the great travel books. Gives a compari¬ son of the Islam religion with religion and culture of Christianity and Judaism. Narrated by Anthony Quinn.

COMMUNISTS FOR 1,000 YEARS. Gordian Troeller and Marie Claude Deffarge, 1973. 43 min. color. ICF A study of the Carmathians, a sect in South Yemen that has a long-standing relationship with scientific Marxism. Gives examples of the group's 1,000-year-old beliefs, such as equality of women, communal work, atheism, abolishment of inheritance, decision-making by the entire group. This group is noted for capturing Mecca in A.D. 930, stealing the Black Stone, surviving repression as an un¬ derground group.

GATEWAY TO MECCA:

THE PILGRIM'S JOURNEY.

Ronald G.

Kirschner, 1982. 28 min. color. OWCF Shows how the enormous new terminal at King Abdulaziz Airport at

46

Filmography of the Third World

Jeddah, Saudi Arabia was constructed. Examines the manufactur¬ ing process for the components of the 210 tent-like units of the roof. Shows the first use of the terminal by hundreds of thou¬ sands of Moslem pilgrims enroute to Mecca.

GENII OF THE GLASS. Robert Haber, 1979. 30 min. color. PHO A look at the lifestyle and craft of the last of the traditional Arab glassblowers, Muhammid Gzazz. Shows how the furnace is more than the center for making glass but the center of family life. Gives a lot of other information about ethnic characteristics as well as personal insights into the background of the artist.

HEAD START FOR OMAR. UN, MAR

United Nations, 1971.

27 min.

color.

The story of a man who as a child was one of the Arab refugees fleeing Israel in 1948 and who, even today, is unsettled. Tells how the intervening years were spent in refugee camps, in a voca¬ tional center, and as a radio operator. He continues like others to wait for a solution to the refugee problem.

IN ARAB LANDS: AN AGE OF CHANGE. 28 min. color. MTP, BEPC

Bechtel Corp., 1979.

Compares the life of pre-oil, pre-technology days in Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and the Amirates, when land ruled the people, with the new life in which concerns are with television, influx of foreign work¬ ers, status of women. Describes Islamic traditions, beliefs and practices and Arab contributions to world civilization.

KUWAIT--METAMORPHOSIS OF THE DESERT. (Countries and Peoples Series.) 29 min. Shows the beneficial impact of oil revenues on nomic status of the Kuwaitis. Contains views conditions and tells about free services, such tional, and the elimination of taxes.

Jacques Madvo, 1978. color. FI the culture and eco¬ of improved living as medical, educa¬

PRESSURE POINTS: OMAN, SOUTH YEMEN, NORTH YEMEN. NBC, 1979. (Oil and American Power Series.) 21 min. color. FI Covers the power struggle in Oman, South Yemen, and North Yemen and the Soviet threat, especially in South Yemen.

SAUDI ARABIA. NBC, 1979. 18 min. color. FI

(Oil and American Power Series.)

Tells how the new wealth derived from oil is challenging religious and other traditions. Gives examples of influences from the out¬ side world.

Asia--Southwest Asia

47

SAUDI ARABIA: THE OIL REVOLUTION. Learning Corporation of America, n.d. (The Arab Experience Series.) 25 min. color. LEC A report on the fast-changing, oil-rich country, a place of clashes between Muslim orthodoxy and the demands of economic development Compares liberated women with veiled Bedouin wives.

THE UNITED ARAB EMIRATES: A NEW OIL NATION. Russell Wulff, 1976. 14 min. color. AIMS Tells the dramatic story of the transformation of a region of tradi¬ tion to a nation of wealth and international importance caused by the discovery of oil. Gives a look at new cities, harbors, ports.

YEMEN. UNICEF, 1976. (Families of the World Series.) I85 min. color. JFI Arabian traditions are depicted through a teenager from a poor fam¬ ily who is striving for educational opportunity and a girl who is trying to break free from traditional roles assigned to women in order to pursue a career.

YEMEN--AN EMERGING ARAB REPUBLIC. Russell Wulff, 1976. 15 min. color. AIMS A look at one of the least developed countries in the Middle East, the Yemen Republic. Describes the rich cultural history revealed in traditional lifestyles which exist side by side with technological development programs in Yemen sponsored by the United States, the People's Republic of China, and other nations.

Iran

THE ART OF THE BOOK: PERSIAN MINIATURES FROM THE SHAHNAMEH. Robert L. Kuretsky, 1981. 28 min. color. FFTH From the eleventh to the fourteenth centuries the verses of Iran's national epic, the Shahnameh, were illustrated on metal, ceramics, and illuminated manuscripts. Examines the culture in which this kind of painting developed.

BAKHTIARI MIGRATION:

THE SHEEP MUST LIVE.

Anthony-David

Productions, 1973. 52 min. color. FI Follows the semiannual migration across the Zagros mountains in Southeast Iran made by half a million Bakhtiaris and millions of sheep and goats. Includes music sung by the popular Iranian folk-singer Shusha. Available also in 27-minute version.

48

Filmography of the Third World

BOASTING. Institute for Intellectual Development of Children and Adults in Tehran, 1974. 10 min. color. AIMS Uses animation to present traditional Persian miniatures in a story about two armies that brag about their prowess. After each boast one side kills the braggart of the other. Only two soldiers are left at the end. Accompanied by Persian music.

CROSSROADS OF CIVILIZATION--THE STORY OF IRAN, PART 1: ORIGINS AND EVIDENCE. David Paradine Films, 1977. 58 min. color. DOA First of a seven-part series. Covers the history of Persia from the time of Cyrus to the Persian-Greek wars. Narrated by David Frost.

CROSSROADS OF CIVILIZATION--THE STORY OF IRAN, PART 2: HEROES OF HISTORY. David Paradine Films, 1977. 58 min. color. DOA Covers the history of Persia during the time of Alexander and the Parthian Empire. Narrated by David Frost.

CROSSROADS OF CIVILIZATION--THE STORY OF IRAN, PART 3: GUARDIANS OF THE SACRED FLAME. David Paradine Films, 1977. 58 min. color. DOA Discusses Zoroastrianism and the Sasanian Empire in Persia. Narrated by David Frost.

CROSSROADS OF CIVILIZATION--THE STORY OF IRAN, PART 4: SHADOW OF GOD ON EARTH. David Paradine Films, 1977. 58 min. color. DOA Documents the conquest the Zoroastrian Persians the Arabs. Cuts to the shrine, and performance Frost.

of Persia by Arabs and the manner in which adapted to the religion of Islam imposed by present, showing the restored Imam Reza of various rituals. Narrated by David

CROSSROADS OF CIVILIZATION--THE STORY OF IRAN, PART 5: DESCENT OF THE HORDES. David Paradine Films, 1977. 58 min. color. DOA Examines the Mongol invasions of the Persian plateau in the four¬ teenth century. Shows ruins and daily activities in busy towns, the restoration of a mausoleum. Narrated by David Frost, who is joined by two scholars.

CROSSROADS OF CIVILIZATION--THE STORY OF IRAN, PART 6: HALF THE WORLD. David Paradine Films, 1977. 58 min. color. DOA *

Asia--Southwest Asia

49

Depicts the major features of the Safavi dynasty in Persia. Uses scenes of objects, paintings, and monuments of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries in Persia to fill out the story. Discussion emphasizes the importance of the city Isfahan. Narrated by David Frost and two scholars.

CROSSROADS OF CIVILIZATION--THE STORY OF IRAN, PART 7: THE PREDATORS. David Paradine Films, 1977. 58 min. color. DOA Discusses the exploitation of Iran by the Qajar shahs, the British, and the Russians. Explains the characteristics and activities of the ruthless ruler Reza Shah. Includes photographs of the Iranian Revolution of 1905-1911 and film footage depicting the early days of oil development.

IRAN.

NBC, 1979.

(Oil and American Power Series.)

21 min.

color. FI A study of American policy in Iran, including the coup of 1953, the Nixon Doctrine of 1972, the role of the Ayatollah Khomeni.

IRAN:

LANDMARKS IN THE DESERT.

Centron, 1977.

27 min.

color. CEN Traces the succession of important cultures that blossomed on Iranian soil. Traces their legacies into the present. Includes scenes of landmarks in the desert: tombs, ziggurats, domes, arches, mosques, minarets.

THE ISFAHAN OF SHAH ABBAS.

Fogg Art Museum, 1976.

30

min. color. FFTH Gives an overview of the seventeenth-century architecture in Isfa¬ han commissioned by Shah Abbas and others. Includes a close look at monuments near the Maydan-e-Shah, the mosque of Shaykh Lotfallah, the Qaysariyyeh Bazaar, the Shah Mosque, and the Ali Qapu Palace. Narrated by Professor Oleg Grabar.

JAFAR'S BLUE TILES. Coronet, 1980. 25 min. color. COR Follows an Iranian youth as he tries to restore an ancient tomb in his village. Shows the various steps involved: kneading the clay, mixing the blue glaze, baking the bricks, laying the tile. Also, indirectly conveys the rich heritage which influences contemporary life in Iran.

MAKING OF A MAN. Alden, n.d. 29 min. color. ALD Depicts Jewish ghetto life in Iran. Gives a history of oppression and takes a look at one Jewish family who lead a restricted life in

50 emerging Iran. the ghetto.

Filmography of the Third World Tells how a few of the young are breaking out of

MOHAMMED REZ PAHLAVI: POLITICS OF OIL. Learning Corpora¬ tion of America, n.d. (Leaders of the 20th Century Series.) 24 min. color. LEC An account of the rise and fall of Iran's Shah. Tells about his succession to power following his father, the CIA support of his regime, the return of the Ayatollah in 1979, and the Shah's exile.

NOMADS OF IRAN. Russell Wulff, 1976. 13 min. color. AIMS Reveals the ancient culture still retained by the Qashqai tribe of the Zagros Mountains. Shows the isolated existence of the people, their long journeys between valleys and highlands, their perform¬ ance of almost-lost arts.

THE TEMPTATION OF POWER. Gordian Troeller, 1979. 43 min. color. ICF Presents an analysis of the Shah of Iran's regime as background to the recent revolution. Traces the causes of the conflict through economic, agricultural, social and military factors, and relations with the Western world.

THE TRIBAL EYE: (4) WOVEN GARDENS. BBC and Warner Bros., 1976. 55 min. color. TL Explains how the Qashqa'i people of Iran weave their rugs, why they weave them, and the meaning of the symbols used. Written and narrated by David Attenborough.

Iraq

ANCIENT MESOPOTAMIA. color. COR

Coronet, 1976.

Revised ed.

9} min.

Describes the legacy of the Sumerians, Semites, Babylonians, and Assyrians: such things as the arch, the wheel, a code of law, a writing system, and military science. Includes views of the locales where these peoples lived.

IRAQ--CRADLE OF CIVILIZATION. Jacques Madvo, 1978. (Coun¬ tries and Peoples Series.) 29 min. color. FI Explains the results of the discovery of oil: atomic development, dam projects on the Euphrates, new schools, modern agricultural machinery. Also shows that the ancient traditions survive in the daily lives of the people* i

51

Asia--Southwest Asia

IRAQ: STAIRWAY TO THE GODS. Centron, 1977. 27 min. color. CEN Traces the beginnings of human civilization in the area between the Tigres and Euphrates rivers, the land known today as Iraq. Shows the conical mounds excavated by archeologists with artifacts trace¬ able back to ancient Assyria, its capital Nineveh, and Sumer. Gives an explanation of the development of cuneiform writing.

Lebanon

LEBANON AND THE CRUSADES. Lucerne Films, 1981. 12 min. color. LFI An account of the three-year struggle of the crusaders of Christian Europe to remove the Holy City of Jerusalem from the hold of the Muslims. Then tells how for the next two centuries crusaders con¬ verged on the Lebanese coast. Shows views of the extant ruins of fortresses and convents.

LEBANON--MODERN MOSAIC. Jacques Madvo, 1978. (Countries and Peoples Series.) 29 min. color. FI Despite the internal conflict which has all but destroyed Beirut, the country has an impressive background. The film's Lebanese producer gives a look at the geographical setting which has long been a shelter for refugees, the archaeological treasures, the im¬ portance of Lebanon as a cultural and commercial center, the coun¬ try's high educational attainments, and its status as the lone Arab nation in which the major religion is not Muslim.

THE MAN IN THE MIDDLE.

United Nations, 1982.

26 min.

color.

LFI, UN, MAR Describes the often forgotten United Nations Interim Force (UNIFIL) in Lebanon, which has acted as the buffer between warring fac¬ tions since 1978. Tells about the impact of the long war on the people and the UN's role as peace keeper. Narrated by Richard Widmark. Available in Arabic, English, French and Spanish ver¬ sions .

REPORT FROM BEIRUT:

SUMMER OF '82.

James Abourezk, 1982.

22 min. color. NTF Uses interviews and on-the-spot footage to portray the events of the 1982 invasion of Lebanon. Tells of the terrible effect of mod¬ ern technological warfare upon civilians. A study in human con¬ cerns .

THE TWENTY-THIRD CEASE-FIRE.

Anne Papillaut, Jean Francois

52

Filmography of the Third World Dars, Marc Kravetz and Marc Mourani, 1976. ICF

52 min.

color.

An account of the cease-fire in Lebanon that occurred after the Karantina massacre by the right-wing Phalangists and the capture of the Christian town Damous by the Left in retaliation. Depicts life in wartorn Beirut, stories of refugees from villages, and scenes of destruction.

WOMEN UNDER SIEGE. ICF

Elizabeth Fernea, 1982.

26 min.

color.

An all-woman crew directed by Marilyn Gaunt made this film about life in Rashadiyah, a town in Southern Lebanon. Depicts the role of women as fighters, teachers, political organizers and farm labor¬ ers in an over-crowded community of Palestinian refugees that lives under the constant threat of attack by Israeli forces.

Palestine (includes Israel and Jordan)

ABRAHAM AND ISAAC. Ilan Ziv, 1977. 32 min. color. ICF A visual essay on the ancient story of Abraham and his son Isaac and present-day relations of parents and sons in Israel, a country engaged in war for over three decades. The filmmaker tries to re¬ call memories of his own childhood, his later decision to join the army, his participation in the October war.

ADAM'S GARDEN. Alden, n.d. 27 min. color. ALD A visual study of Israel: the deserts, the lush green lands, the winter rains, the flowering of almond trees, the migration of the birds to Africa and Europe, the awakening of spring in the desert, spring in April and May, and the hot wind, sand and dust of sum¬ mer. Uses biblical quotations and references to the Jewish people in the narration.

AGRICULTURE OF THE EIGHTIES. ALD

Alden, n.d.

23 min.

color

An account of Israel's success with agriculture. Shows the tech¬ niques used: infrared aerial photography to detect crop damage, incubation of insects in the laboratory to replace harmful insecti¬ cides, polyethylene-covered fields for year-round growth of crops, computerized irrigation systems.

THE ALIEN'S PLACE. ICF

Charles Brouwer, 1981.

87 min.

color

53

Asia--Southwest Asia

A young Jewish man goes to Israel to examine the meaning of being Jewish. He explores the lives of Jews and Palestinians and the re¬ lationship of Judaism and Zionism.

AMIRA'S CHOICE. Amitai, 1982. 19} min. color. BARR A Druze girl is forced to make a choice of living in the traditional role of woman as wife and mother or of becoming a doctor at the risk of being rejected by her people. Filmed in Israel. Shows life in Druze villages.

AMONG SACRED STONES. Sol Rubin, 1974. 7 min. color MOK A visual portrait of the various Jewish religious celebrations that take place near Jerusalem's sacred Western wall.

THE ARAB JEWS.

Verite Film Productions, 1976.

28 min.

color.

PHO Focuses on a less well-known oppressed group, the Jewish refugees from Moslem Arab countries, who make up the major population group in Israel. Discusses their customs and history.

AVOLOII:

PORTRAIT OF AN ARTIST.

Alden, n.d.

28 min.

color. ALD A report on the works and personality of Mordechai Ardon, an Israeli artist noted for his abstract paintings of the Israeli land¬ scape. Traces his roots in the Bauhaus school and shows his vivid use of color in his landscapes and his representations of Jewish historical events.

BIBA. Alden, n.d. 60 min. color. ALD A portrait of an Israeli woman who lives in Yehoshua, a small farming village that has seen many wars. She describes her life under the constant threat of war. Includes scenes of village life, farming, the local school, and the gymnasium. Military jets are shown flying overhead.

CHILDREN OF THE KIBBUTZ.

Yehuda Yaniv, 1973.

18 min.

color. AIMS A report on daily life in a cooperative agricultural community in Israel. The narration reveals details about what the children who live in the kibbutz are observed doing, e.g. studying, eating, playing, visiting their families.

CITIES: ELIE WIESEL’S JERUSALEM. Learning Corporation of America, 1980. 50 min. color. LEC, ALD

54

Filmography of the Third World

Author Elie Wiesel takes the viewer on a guided tour of Jerusalem with comments on the city's myths, legends and history. Also available in 25-minute version.

CONFRONTATION. JMS

Elul Productions, Ltd., 1980.

17 min.

color.

An examination of the dispute over the West Bank that has con¬ tinued since the 1967 war. Reveals the wide range of opinions among Israelis regarding this dilemma including two extreme move¬ ments—Gush Emunim and Peace Now.

DAVID BEN-GURION. color. JMS

Jewish Media Service, 1975.

29 min.

A portrait of Israel's first prime minister. Follows his story from youthful activities as a Zionist to his years as a soldier, organizer, writer and politician.

THE DEAD SEA LIVES. WGBH/BBC, Chris Riley, 1982. Series.) 57 min. TL

(Nova

Describes Israel's and Jordan's dependence on the Dead Sea for potash which they both export. The film explores the present contention and possible future cooperation between the two coun¬ tries over commercial interests.

THE DOMESTIC SOURCES OF FOREIGN POLICY; ISRAEL AND THE OCCUPIED LANDS. British Open University, 1976. 24 min. color. UMED Explains how after the 1967 war in the Middle East, Israel occupied territory belonging to three neighboring countries; Egypt, Jordan, and Syria. Discusses the debate in Israel over the future of the occupied lands--the possibility of returning them for political con¬ cessions .

DOVE WITH CLIPPED WINGS. Alden, n.d. 32 min. color. ALD The story of a man who is an Israeli member of the left-wing Moked Party and his efforts for peace in the Middle East. Describes his childhood as a Jew in Iraq, his present life on a kibbutz, and his political activities which include trying to convince others of the justness of Palestinian rights. Illustrates how his party is scorned by most Israelis and the Palestinian Arabs.

ECHOES OF MASADA. Nathan Cohen, 1973. 30 min. color. JMS A look at the location and meaning of Masada. Uses actual quota¬ tions from the historian Josephus to describe the siege during the Judaean revolt. t

Asia--Southwest Asia

55

THE FALASHAS. Meyer Levin, 1973. 27 min. color. JMS The story of the people who trace their lineage to Menelik, son of King Solomon and the Queen of Sheba. Although they were not at first recognized as Jews by world Jewry, their customs are identi¬ cal with Jewish tradition. Shows their lifestyle, including their mud hut synagogue.

FROM SINAI TO THE TEMPLE MOUNT. Alden, n.d. 26 min. color. ALD A broad survey of ancient and modern history of Israel presented in a visual collage accompanied by a musical soundtrack. Depicts ancient Eygpt, Moses, the empire under King David and Solomon, the traditions of Jerusalem, the significance of Hebron, Mount Zion, Mount Sinai, the Dead Sea, and other sites.

HEALING OF JERUSALEM. Alden, n.d. 44 min. color. ALD The Jerusalem Committee--which consists of architects, city-planners, theologians, and artists from around the world--is studying the task of rebuilding the Jewish Quarter to preserve it as an archaeological site and yet maintain its identity as a religious location and a living place in contemporary society. Various experts are interviewed about the problems involved.

HEBREW SCRIPT. Alden, 1975. 20 min. color. ALD Uses some animation to describe the development of Hebrew script from ancient cuneiform writing to modern scripts. Shows some archaeological findings from various periods.

HOLY LAND. NBC, n.d. 60 min. color. NACC Discusses the importance of the Holy Land for Jews, Christians and Moslems. Includes glimpses of an Arab Christian village in Galilee, an Islamic mosque in Acre, a Jewish kibbutz near the Jor¬ danian border, an Arab farm near Jericho. Discusses the tensions in the area and the outlook for peace.

IMPACT OF A NON-STATE ACTOR: THE PALESTINE LIBERATION ORGANIZATION. British Open University, 1976. 24 min. color. UMED Jack Spence, of Leicester University (England), discusses the use of violence, such as in liberation movements, that is now a feature of contemporary life. He explains that violence is used by groups who lack the political and military capabilities of official governments.

IN SEARCH OF ZION. color.

UMED

British Open University, 1976.

24 min.

Filmography of the Third World

56

A report on the history of Jewish nationalism-persecution in Europe, early settlements in Palestine, and other events. Examines the con¬ flict between Jewish nationalism and Palestinian aspirations.

INCIDENT AT LOD. Raphie Adar, 1975. 23 min. color. JMS A dramatization based on the story of Moshe Shamir set in the Palestine of 1939 about two Jewish children who escape from their settlement and go into a nearby Arab village, thus bringing about a confrontation between the Arabs and Israelis. In Hebrew with English subtitles.

ISRAEL. NBC, 1979. (Oil and American Power Series.) 13 min. color. FI Discusses the issues in the Middle East conflict as they affect Israel. Shows role of Arabian states, the PLO, Yasir Arafat, and related matters in determining Israel's status.

ISRAEL: HISTORY, LAND AND PEOPLE. Vladimir Bibic, 1976. 18 min. color. PHO A complete view of Jewish history up to the establishment of mod¬ ern Israel in 1948. Also shows customs and traditions of the di¬ verse peoples who reside in Israel and the agriculture, industry and modern cities. Illustrates the impact of Israel's many skilled immigrants on its growth.

ISRAEL ... NATION OF DESTINY. Atlantis Productions, 1971. 27 min. color. ATL Explores the spirit of the Israeli people as reflected in their achievements in an attempt to understand the relationship of Israel in the Middle East.

ISRAEL: REVISED VERSION. International Film Foundation, 1979. 28 min. color. IFF An animated film that depicts 4,000 years of Jewish history. Uses old footage to trace the Zionist movement from 1900 to 1948, the birth of the Jewish nation. Also covers modern Israel. Shows farms, factories, schools, synagogues, political rallies.

ISRAEL REVISITED. Alden, n.d. 40 min. color. ALD An Israeli expatriate returned after the Yom Kippur War to film Israelis in their many different guises: working; enjoying the beach; shopping; discussing religious issues, women's liberation, and anti-Semitism. A cross-section of Israelis discuss the Yom Kippur War and materialism. i

Asia--Southwest Asia

57

ISRAEL: SEARCH FOR FAITH. Reader's Digest/Albert Waller, 1977. (James Michener's World Series.) 58 min. color. PYR James Michener travels to Israel and explores its history and the reasons why Israel inspired his novel The Source. Examines the three religions that were born there: Judaism, Christianity and Islam. Also available in 26-minute version. A Spanish language version is available.

ISRAELI BOY: LIFE ON A KIBBUTZ. Ruth Ariella Broyde, 1973. 17 min. color. JMS A boy who resides in a kibbutz discusses its origins, its organiza¬ tion, his daily life, and the activities of the other residents. In¬ cludes a tour of Tel Aviv and Jerusalem with a discussion of the geography and lifestyle of both areas.

JERUSALEM: CITY OF PEACE. Alden, n.d. 28 min. color. ALD Tells the 3,000-year history of the Jewish people in Jerusalem. Prominent Jews and Arabs illustrate how both peoples can live in peace in an open capital city. Shows the old city and the new.

JERUSALEM FROM BELOW. Alden, n.d. 25 min. color. ALD Reveals recent archaeological finds from pre-Roman Jerusalem that have been made by a private individual, Theo Siebenberg, in digs below his own home. Archaeologists speak about the significance of the findings--relics and entire houses.

JERUSALEM PEACE. Mark Benjamin, 1977. 58 min. color. PHO Explores Jerusalem as a frustrating site of contradictory tensions, torn by claims of various factions--the Israelis, Palestinians, Christians, Moslems, Jews, the various social classes.

JORDAN. Jordan Information Bureau, n.d. 19 min. color. MTP A study of Jordan's ancient history and its sophisticated modern society now concerned with issues like industry, education and its place in the world.

JORDAN--DAUGHTER OF THE DESERT. Jacques Madvo, 1978. (Countries and Peoples Series.) 29 min. color. FI A visit to Jordan covering its colorful history and the impact of invasions by various armies and cultures (Caananites, Egyptians, Babylonians, and others). Gives a look at how people dress in the traditional manner, how they till the soil and celebrate impor¬ tant occasions with ancient music. Shows that Jordan was the land of many Old Testament prophets.

Filmography of the Third World

58

THE KEY. Samed Productions, 1976. 32 min. color. ICF An unusual point of view--a film by Palestinians about the Palestin¬ ian situation. Expresses the emotions and struggles of the Pales¬ tinians .

KIBBUTZ. Alden Films, n.d. 16 min. color. ALD An explanation of the Israeli kibbutz system. Asks if the kibbutz actually works in practice. Uses one kibbutz as an example. Stresses the individuality that is achieved in the community.

LAND OF THE BOOK. Alden, n.d. 28 min. color. ALD A film that assists the biblical scholar in relating locations in Israel with historic events described in the bible, from the Dead Sea Scrolls and the writings of the historian Josephus Flavius. In the historical tour the film shows remains of the Holy Temple and Ma¬ sada, as well as pottery from the time of Abraham and Isaac.

LIVING TOGETHER. Alden, n.d. 23 min. color. ALD A film that tries to show that the "reality" in Israel is actually one of cooperation between Arabs and Jews. Illustrates the point with scenes of an Arab union leader of Israeli peanut crop works, a nursing school with Arab and Jewish students, and an integrated athletic training center in the West Bank.

THE MIDDLE EAST: BUILDING A DREAM (ISRAEL). Coronet, 1978. 21i min. color. COR This is actually an updated version of ISRAEL: THE LAND AND THE PEOPLE. Shows the planning and growth of Israel's cities, and reclamation efforts to transform the arid desert into productive land. Depicts the diverse backgrounds of people who live in Israel.

MUSEUM ON THE HILL. Alden, n.d. 27 min. color. ALD A tour of the Israel Museum in Jerusalem which contains a wide range of artifacts and paintings from the Dead Sea Scrolls to mod¬ ern art. Includes items which trace the evolution of written lan¬ guage and religious-oriented art work.

NINE NARROW MILES. Alden, n.d. 15 min. color. ALD Examines the strategic importance of the West Bank for both the Israelis and the Arabs. Includes detailed maps and footage of the Israeli topography to show that whoever has control of the West Bank controls most of the Jordan Valley.

NOAH'S PARK.

Alden,, n.d. *

27 min.

color.

ALD

Asia--Southwest Asia

59

A study of what the Israel Nature Reserve Authority is doing to restore the animal life of Israel to that which existed in the time of Noah. Filmed at Hai Bar, a nature preserve in the Negev Des¬ ert where wild life is protected and bred.

OCCUPIED PALESTINE. David Koff, Mountain Top Films, 1981. 86 min. color. Directed by David Koff; photography by Stephen Lighthill, Neil Gibson and Martin Minns; music by Adli Fakhri, Marcel Khalifa and Mustapha Kurd. TWN A film that reflects the Palestinian point of view regarding Zionism. Palestinians of all ages and categories and Zionist settlers and offi¬ cials discuss their feelings and concerns.

ON OUR LAND. Iain Bruce, 1982. 55 min. color. ICF Explains how after the State of Israel was created in 1948 the Palestinians moved out. This is the story of those who stayed in Israel and who today number one in every six Israeli citizens. Tells exactly how their lives were changed by the experience.

PALESTINE, PROGRAM 1: PROMISES. Thames Television, 1978. 90 min. color. UMED Covers the history of Palestine from the Balfour Declaration in 1917 to 1933 during which time Great Britain tried to pull back on promises made to Arabs and Jews.

PALESTINE, PROGRAM 2:

REBELLION.

Thames Television, 1978.

90 min. color. UMED Discusses the period between 1933 and 1947 when Palestine was troubled with violent rebellion by Arabs and Jews and the position of Great Britain deteriorated.

PALESTINE, PROGRAM 3:

ABDICATION.

Thames Television, 1978.

90 min. color. UMED An account of the Palestine situation in 1947 when Britain, finding the Arab and Jewish demands irreconcilable, decided to turn the matter over to the United Nations and pull out of Palestine.

THE PALESTINIAN PEOPLE DO HAVE RIGHTS.

United Nations,

1979. 48 min. color. ICF, UN, MAR Presents the history of the Israel-Palestinian problem. Includes the three wars fought and the current dilemma of the three mil¬ lion Palestinian refugees. Also available in Arabic, French and Spanish language versions.

60

Filmography of the Third World

PALESTINIAN REFUGEES IN LEBANON. Roger Pic, 1975. 36 min. color. Depicts the Palestinian life in Lebanon. Using one family as a pro¬ totype, the film shows the daily routines of the camp. Members of the family are variously engaged in teaching reading to illiterates, fighting, being trained in guerrilla camp, all in conjunction with working for a living.

PALESTINIANS AND THE P.L.O. ALD

Alden, n.d.

28 min.

color.

Examines the problems of political representation for Palestinians who live in areas under Israeli control. Yosef Takoah, Israel's former ambassador, explains why Israel does not accept the P.L.O. as official representative of the Palestinian people. Describes the P.L.O.'s connections with other Arab states and to the Soviet Union.

PEOPLE OF NES AMMIM. Alden, n.d. 55 min. color. ALD An account of the unique settlement at Nes Ammim, a kibbutz whose settlers are Christians from many countries who practice their religion in Israel and "live in solidarity with the Jewish peo¬ ple." Depicts how it has taken years for the community to be ac¬ cepted by their neighbors. The kibbutz members describe many things: their crops for export and the failure of the Christians to stop anti-Semitism.

PORTRAIT OF AN ARTIST: min. color. ALD

MARCEL JANCO.

Alden, n.d.

41

Israeli artist Marcel Janco, one of the founders of the Dada art movement, is interviewed about his life and work in Israel where he lives today. Tells about the artist village of Ein Hod which he established. Many of his works are shown.

POTTERS OF HEBRON. Robert Haber, 1976. 53 min. color. PHO Documents the traditional techniques for making pottery, a fast¬ disappearing technology in a workshop southeast of Jerusalem in the Hebron Hill.

PROFILE OF AN ARTIST: color. ALD

ANNA TICHO.

Alden, n.d.

25 min.

A portrait of the Austrian-born Israeli artist Anna Ticho, most noted for her charcoal sketches of the Jerusalem hills. She dis¬ cusses her arrival in Israel in 1912. She is revealed as an artist who has preserved the Jerusalem of history.

Asia--Southwest Asia

61

PROJECT RENEWAL. Alden, n.d. 18 min. color. ALD Takes a look at an unusual and relatively unknown segment of Israeli society, the poverty-stricken settlements of 300,000 Jews of the lower class who represent one tenth of the population. Ex¬ plains that most of these people come from Asian lands, such as Yemen.

THE RETURN. ECRF Productions, 1976. 27 min. color. PYR A study of the Christian view of biblical prophecies. Includes Moses, Isaiah, Amos, Micah, Ezekiel and Jeremiah. Narration by Hal Lindsay.

THE SAMARITANS. Johanna Spector, 1971. 30 min. color. JMS The history of the "guardians of the Law," a group of people who separated from the Jews 2,500 years ago and consider themselves Hebrews not Jews. Ritual practices are drawn from the Samaritan Pentateuch, not the rest of the Bible or Talmud. Includes a graphic scene of the Passover sacrifice of the paschal lamb.

SOURCE OF FAITH. Andre de la Varre, 1980. 27 min. color. FI Shows the traditional sites in the Holy Land and reviews the roots of Moslem, Judean and Christian history, as well as modern daily life.

STEPPING STONES. Alden, n.d. 23 min. color. ALD Shows ancient mosaics found in archaeological digs in Israel that reveal Hebrew, Egyptian, Hellenic, and Byzantine influences. The stylized designs include birds, fruits, animals and candelabrum and a blend of languages. Shows modern sites with which the ancient mosaics are connected.

TO LIVE IN FREEDOM. Simon Louvish, 1975. 54 min. color. ICF A collective of Palestinians and Israelis produced this film to present a frank exposition of the history of Arab-Israeli conflict. Describes the class structure of Israeli and Palestinian society and, via inter¬ views with peasants and poor in both countries, shows the plight of those on the lower end of the socioeconomic spectrum.

TODAY IN THE LAND OF THE BIBLE.

Thames Television, n.d.

53 min. color. UMED A travelogue of modern Israel. Scenes include Jerusalem, Bethle¬ hem, the Dead Sea, Masada, Jericho, Tel Aviv, and other impor¬ tant sites. The discussion covers both Christian and Jewish history.

62

Filmography of the Third World

VOICES. Vision Associates, 1979. 18 min. color. UJE A look at modern Israel through the perspective of a three-genera¬ tion family who recall the past and ponder the future. Studies the major concerns: new immigration, the disadvantaged, the aged, the handicapped.

WE ARE ARAB JEWS IN ISRAEL. Igaal Niddam, 1977. 120 min. color. NYF A documentary by Igaal Niddam, a Moroccan Jew who is also an Israeli citizen. The filmmaker is promoting the idea that the Arab Jews in Israel could play a role in Israeli-Arab relations. Explains that the Arab Jews and Jews from Arab countries constitute an inarticulate silent majority, whereas the Israeli leadership is made up of people with Euro-American leanings who may not have the background to bring off effective negotiations with the Arab world.

WHITE BRIDGE. Alden, n.d. 45 min. color. ALD An account of what happens when Arabs get medical treatment at Israel's Hadassah Hospital. Records reactions of Arabs and Is¬ raelis. Tells how friendships develop, what the doctors feel about saving lives of those who have fought them in four wars. Ponders whether the lessons learned in interpersonal relationships at the hospital can help as a bridge to a better future.

Syria

A DAY IN JUNE: DISENGAGEMENT IN THE GOLAN. tions, 1975. 27 min. color. UN, MAR

United Na¬

The story of UNDOF--the United Nations Disengagement Observer Force--assigned to observe the cease-fire of Israel and Syria on June 1, 1974 in Golan Heights.

THE LAST GHETTO. Alden, n.d. 28 min. color. ALD A report on the cities of Syria where 5,000 Jews live in a status close to captivity. Refugees filmed in silhouette to preclude retali¬ ation tell of the life of terror and oppression. They are unable to hold government jobs, enter universities, travel without permission, and obtain protection from attacks and insults. Many incidents of torture and denial of human rights are included. Also gives the history of the Jews in Syria.

MOHAMMAD, MESSENGER OF GOD. (aka THE MESSAGE.) Moustapha Akkad, 1977. 100 min. color. FI A controversial Syrian production which attempts to portray the

Asia--Southwest Asia

63

life of the prophet Mohammad by focusing on Abu Bakr, Umar, Hamzah, Abbas, Ali and Bilal (the Companions) without showing Moham¬ mad. Despite the question of reverence raised by some Muslims, the film is reported to be acceptable to many. Recreates the seventh century and the lifestyle and sites involved--Mecca and Medina.

THE ROYAL ARCHIVES OF EBLA. Milberg Theatrical Productions, 1980. 58 min. color. FI A look at the amazing archaeological find of the 17,000 cuneiform tablets and fragments at Ebla under the direction of an Italian dig¬ ging expedition led by Paolo Matthei. The tablets are shown to re¬ veal details of life over 5,000 years ago. On-location photography shows the similarities of Bedouin life today with the details described in the ancient writings.

SETTLEMENT OF RESOLUTION: THE GOLAN HEIGHTS. British Open University, 1976. 24 min. color. UMED An examination of the Golan Heights conflict with special focus on attempts at resolution. The film suggests a problem-solving ap¬ proach that could involve an independent mediator with training in conflict theory, rather than a diplomatist.

TERRITORY, SECURITY, CONFLICT: THE GOLAN HEIGHTS. British Open University, 1976. 23 min. color. UMED Gives the history of the Golan Heights conflict with Israeli and Syrian views. Michael Smith of Lancaster Polytechnic in England discusses the conflict and presents interviews with many Israeli and Syrian officials.

Turkey

BABA. Yilmaz Guney Film Productions, 1974. 95 min. color. FI A Turkish feature film, set in present-day Istanbul, in which a poor Muslim boatman agrees to be framed for murder in exchange for support of his wife, mother and children. Compares the life¬ style of the wealthy murderer with that of the poverty-stricken Muslim family. Depicts the problems in Turkish society today and importance of the family in all social levels.

KAMBUR.

(THE HUMP-BACKED WOMAN.)

Atif Yilmaz, 1974.

93

min. color. FI A Turkish theatrical feature film that portrays Muslims in the lower class. A hunchbacked young woman, who is subject to teasing and scorn, dreams of a different life. She accidentally meets a blind man and they fall in love. Secretly she donates her eyes so that

64

Filmography of the Third World

he may see but then, realizing that her deformity will be revealed to him, drowns herself. Includes footage of daily life, religious practices, the Aegean coast, and Istanbul.

NARCOTICS FILE: THE TAMING OF A FLOWER. United Nations, 1977. 27 min. color. EDMC, UN, MAR Reviews the paradox of the opium poppy. Tells about a new method used in Turkey in poppy cultivation that prohibits growers from ex¬ tracting opium from the poppy capsules. Explains the value of the crop for the Turkish farmer for cash, edible oil, fuel and animal feed. Also available in Arabic, French and Spanish versions.

TURKEY. color.

UNICEF, JFI

1976.

(Families of the World Series.)

19 min.

Depicts the typical pattern of Turkish village life--the work per¬ formed by the parents and children. Shows the role of religion in Turkish life. Includes a family visit to Istanbul for a break in routine.

TURKEY: CROSSROADS OF THE ANCIENT WORLD. 27 min. color. CEN

Centron, 1977.

Documents the history of Turkey, including accounts of the Hittites, the Assyrians, the Persians, Greeks, the Holy Roman Empire, Byzan¬ tium, the Seljuk Turks, the Mongols, the Ottoman Empire, the cru¬ sades, and many other events and peoples connected with Turkish history.

TURKIYE. Claude Lelouch, 1977. 16 min. color. PYR A non-narrated film that is a visual portrait of the people, places, past and present of Turkey, which has been the home of four ma¬ jor civilizations.

§

SOUTH ASIA

General

FOUR HOLY MEN: RENUNCIATION IN HINDU SOCIETY. University of Wisconsin, n.d. 37 min. color. SO A A Shows four different Hindu holy men (sadhus) in four different walks of life--a worker in a mission hospital; a traditional guru leading a monastery; a recluse with no ties; and a scholar and founder of a political party. Comments on the wide range of thought about the role of sadhus in today's society. f

Asia--South Asia

65

THE NEW OPIUM ROUTE. Catherine and Marianne Lamour, 1973. 54 min. color. ICF A study of the Pashtus, the proud people who reside in the Khyber Pass area between Afghanistan and Pakistan. Because the Pashtus are independent and have never been asked to change their status, they engage in what would be forbidden elsewhere: making and selling weapons, smuggling guns, producing hashish and opium. A shipment of opium is followed over the mountain to the port of Dubai.

SOUTH ASIA IN TRANSITION. Russell Wulff, 1974. 15 min. color. AIMS A review of major problems and developments (population growth, migration to urban areas, unemployment) in India, Sri Lanka, Thai¬ land, and Malaysia. Considers possible worldwide impact of prob¬ lems and proposed solutions.

SOUTHWEST ASIA: NATIONS OF COMPLEXITY. MTI Telepro¬ grams, n.d. (Faces of Man Series.) 25 min. color. MTI Discusses four countries, two of which are usually classified as part of South Asia--Afghanistan and Pakistan--the other two being Turkey and Iran. Considers the impact of change on these coun¬ tries and shows scenes of modernization work in certain areas. Makes a contrast with poorer villages that do not have the means for development.

Afghanistan

AFGHAN EXODUS. Granada Television, n.d. 51 min. color. GTI A report on the plight of the Kirghiz people, a nomadic tribe of Afghanistan, who made their living rearing herds of yaks and sheep. After Soviet troops moved into Afghanistan the Kirghiz and other tribes, such as the Pathans, were uprooted. Many fled to neigh¬ boring countries.

AFGHAN WAYS. Aginsky Productions, 1979. 10 min. color. AGP A portrait of Afghanistan before the revolution. Presents the cus¬ toms of the people. Shows the variety of nomadic tribes and races that inhabit Afghanistan. Afghans are shown in their daily activi¬ ties. Includes a rare look at Uzbeck women weaving carpets. Uses original recordings of music.

AFGHANISTAN: color.

EBEC

THREADS OF LIFE.

Irwin Dermer, 1981.

29 min.

66

Filmography of the Third World

An up-to-date view of the culture, lifestyles and physical features of Afghanistan. Shows the beautiful landscape, scene of ancient trade routes and the daily routines and crafts of the people, both in villages and at the bazaar in Kabul.

THE GLASSMAKERS OF HERAT. Elliott Erwitt, n.d. 30 min. color. BEF Tells how the "lost art" of ancient glassmaking was discovered in Herat, Afghanistan where two craftsmen were found making glass in the same way as described in ancient Assyrian cuneiform tablets. Gives a step-by-step account: gathering of river bed pebbles, burning of one kind of desert plant for its ash, firing in a mudbrick oven. Also shows the life in the village of the two craftsmen.

THE KIRGHIZ OF AFGHANISTAN. Granada Television, n.d. (Dis¬ appearing World Series.) 51 min. color. GTI Documents the life of Kirghiz tribesmen in a remote corner of Af¬ ghanistan, a life unchanged since the Middle Ages. Contains rare footage of a Kirghiz wedding and the traditional sport of buzkashi, a horseback battle to test the skills of the riders.

SONS OF HAJI OMAR. National Film Board of Canada, 1978. min. color. PENN

58i

Follows the Pashtoon nomads of Afghanistan in their annual migra¬ tion into the Hindu Kush. Shows the spring lambing camp, a climb to Khawak Pass, economy, family life, customs, and religion.

TRANSITION GENERATION: A THIRD WORLD PROBLEM. Alexan¬ der von Wetter, n.d. 20 min. color. IFF Follows a young man, the first from his village to get a secondary level education, who feels out of place when he returns home. Ob¬ serves another man, son of a wealthy family, who also is educated but cannot find a job. Then presents the situation of an emanci¬ pated woman. Explores the problems of straddling two cultures.

Bangladesh

BANGLADESH. PIME

P.I.M.E. Missionaries, 1974.

27 min.

color.

Reveals the faces, customs and character of the Bangladesh people. Explains the grave problems that keep Bangladesh on the verge of survival. Also depicts the work of missionaries in the area.

DACCA. Lucerne Films, 1980. 11 min. color. LFI Gives a look at the capital of Bangladesh. Explains the importance

Asia--South Asia

67

of the Ganges River to the people who are engaged in a major strug¬ gle for survival with few resources, little industry, and a reliance on exports.

FIGHT FOR BANGLADESH. Information Service of India, n.d. 25 min. color. ISOI An account of the fight for independence in Bangladesh. Gives the history of events leading to the struggle.

MARGINAL PEOPLE. United Nations, 1977. 27 min. color. LFI Gives the viewer a look at one of the most densely populated na¬ tions on earth--Bangladesh--which is also one of the most underfed. Explains why the large amount of foreign aid to Bangladesh is not enough to solve the country's problems because of the lack of re¬ sources, capital and technology plus the high population growth rate.

WOMEN OF BANGLADESH. CARE, n.d. 51 min. color. CARE Rural women of Bangladesh are shown spinning silk for world mar¬ kets. Shows how the women have been trained to improve their economic and social conditions by learning new skills.

Himalayan States/Nepal, Bhutan, Sikkim

THE FRAGILE MOUNTAIN. Sandra Nichols, 1982. 55 min. color. NICH The story of the mountain people of Nepal and how they try to sur¬ vive in a deteriorating environment. Monsoon rains are sweeping mountainsides away and causing floods in valleys below--all due to terrace-farming and tree-cutting activities. The Nepali people are shown attempting to prepare for a more stable future in the moun¬ tains.

GURKHAS OF NEPAL. Vic Sarin, 1982. 25 min. color. MOBI Tells the inside story at home of the Gurkha soldiers of Nepal, peasants in the high Himalayas, who have figured prominently in British military activities in the twentieth century. The Gurkhas have become a permanent part of the British Army, serving in two world wars and in the Falklands most recently.

THE LIVING GODDESS. Frank Heimans, 1979. 30 min. WOM Illustrates how the Kumari, certain virgin female children who func¬ tion as living embodiments of traditional goddesses, are selected by ancient rites among the Newar people of Kathmandu in Nepal. This film takes a look at three of the few Kumari now in existence.

68

Filmography of the Third World

SHERPA HIGH COUNTRY. University of California Extension Media Center, 1977. 20 min. color. UCA An ethnographic study of the Sherpas of the Solu Khumbu highlands in Nepal. Illustrates Sherpa Buddhist rituals with the Mani-Rimdu ceremony, a three-day dance drama performed by monks.

THE SHERPAS OF NEPAL. Granada Television, n.d. (Disappearing World Series.) 52 min. color. GTI A visit with the Sherpas of Nepal made famous by Sherpa Tenzing, who was the first to reach the summit of Mount Everest with Sir Edmund Hillary in 1953. Studies the effect of tourism and educa¬ tion. Shows how the Sherpas now prefer to live in Kathmandu where life is easier.

THE TIGER'S NEST. Douglas Stanley, 1983. 25 min. color. SCRE The regimen and life of the Buddhist monks in the Kingdom of Bhu¬ tan in the Himalayan Mountains is followed from entrance at about eight years of age to maturity.

India

ABOUT THE JEWS OF INDIA: BENE ISRAEL OR THE SHANWAR TELIS. Johanna Spector, 1978. 40 min. color. JMS A study of the Jews in India who claim that their ancestors fled Israel during the time of Antiochus Epiphanes. Using Bombay as a center, the film follows the people in their daily life. With authentic music.

ABOUT THE JEWS OF INDIA: 30 min. color. JMS

COCHIN.

Johanna Spector, 1979.

Explores the history and present life of a community of Jews who have resided on the Malabar coast of Southwest India for approxi¬ mately 1,900 years. Explains how some of Cochin's Jews are re¬ settling in Israel.

AJUBA DANCE AND DRAMA CO. 20 min. color. SOAA

University of Wisconsin, n.d.

Follows a troupe of popular entertainers as they perform in various places--in mango groves, on street corners--in north India. Shows their kind of theatrical presentation, Nautanki, which combines mu¬ sic, dance, comedy and drama. Presents an actual Nautanki per¬ formance .

ALTAR OF FIRE. color. UCA

Robert Gardner and Fritz Staal, »

1976.

45 min

Asia--South Asia

69

The Agnicayana, a twelve-day Vedic ceremony that is the oldest surviving ritual, is shown as performed--perhaps for the last time --by Nambudiri Brahmins of Kerala, Southwestern India. The Vedic sacrifice, about 3,000 years old, is a sacrifice to Agni, god of fire.

BANARAS. University of Wisconsin, 1970. 22 min. b/w. SOAA A visual portrait of the Indian city of Banaras. Gives a view of daily life, the role of the Ganges River in the religious life of the people, the crowded lanes, funeral processions, and shrines.

CASTE AND CLASS. British Open University, 1982. 22 min. color. UMED An anthropologist examines changes in the caste system now going on in India. Includes scenes of an intercaste feast with distinct caste divisions shown and examples of the impact of capitalism on a village in which relations are dictated by economic rather than reli¬ gious principles.

CHACHAJI, MY POOR RELATION: A MEMOIR BY VED MEHTA. WGBH, 1980. 58 min. color. WGBH Documents the daily struggles of the writer-narrator, Ved Mehta's uncle in New Delhi, India. Explores the living conditions and ex¬ periences of India through the story of this one man.

CHILDREN OF THE LOTUS. AB/Camredon, Piquerey, n.d. 25 min. color. FI Nomads from all over the state of Rajasthan in India gather at a sacred lake, after crossing the desert in traditional costumes to participate in Pushka, the largest camel market in the world. De¬ picts the way the camels are tested, raced, bathed and sold.

COURTS AND COUNCILS: DISPUTE SETTLEMENT IN INDIA. South Asian Area Center, 1981. 30 min. color. SOAA Three different kinds of tribunals in Kindia are shown: a new kind of council, a Nyaya Panchayat Council; a Nandiwalla (bulltender) caste Panchayat Council; and formal courts reflecting the British approach to justice.

DADI AND HER FAMILY: A RURAL MOTHER-IN-LAW IN NORTH INDIA. University of Wisconsin, n.d. 45 min. color. SOAA A grandmother (Dadi) in a farm family in Haryana compares the behavior of daughters-in-law today with those of her youth. She is shown as a woman committed to preserving her family despite the many forces of contemporary life that could pull the family apart.

70

Filmography of the Third World

DADI'S FAMILY. James MacDonald, M. Camerini. 58 min. color. DOCE Gives a close look at the women of a village family in India. The women discuss their lives, their role in the family.

DECCAN. BBC, 1981. (Great Railway Journeys of the World Ser¬ ies.) 60 min. color. FI An account of a five-day railway journey in India that passes through Bombay, four states, the Deccan Plain, and the Nilgiri Mountains. Scenes include a view of the Ooty Club, a British club of the Em¬ pire days, an Indian grand hotel, and a village wedding.

DESERT PEOPLE. William Claiborne, 1970. (Places People Live Series.) 14 min. color. SEF Compares the desert people of the Sahara Desert, north of Timbuk¬ tu, Mali with the people of the Desert of Rajasthan in Northwestern India. Shows the Tauregs, a Hamitic people, in their daily life searching for water and grazing lands for their animals. By con¬ trast, shows the Rajputs, about eleven million landowners who are organized in patrilineal clans that reclaim the desert with irrigation and new topsoil.

FACES OF MAN: INDIA. Harold and Marilyn Weiner, 1979. 25 min. color. SC RE A film that tries to bring to the viewer an understanding of mod¬ ern India and of the many things that Indians have in common: re¬ ligion, mysticism, their love for the land, as well as poverty and concern for dignity of life.

THE FAMILY KRISHNAPPA. BEF

Benchmark, n.d.

18 min.

color.

Follows a family of rural southern India for a full day from dawn until evening. Shows the details of hard labor experienced by a farming family. Also gives glimpses of children at school and at play, the family thanking the gods for a good day, relaxing.

FARMERS OF INDIA. Russell Wulff, 1975. 13 min. color. AIMS A Hindu family of Rama Linga is visited and details revealed through the eyes of the fourteen-year-old son. Describes daily routines, traditional decorative arts.

GANDHI. Columbia, 1982. 188 min. color. Directed by Richard Attenborough. With Ben Kingsley, Candice Bergen, John Giel¬ gud, Martin Sheen. SWA A much-awarded theatrical feature film about the life of Mahatma

Asia--South Asia

71

Gandhi, the Indian leader who fought for India's independence through peaceful means.

GANDHI: A PROFILE IN POWER. Learning Corporation of America, 1977. 25 min. color. LEC Reveals the ideals and experiences of the great Indian leader via an "interview" with Gandhi (portrayed by Louis Negin) conducted by Patrick Watson.

GLIMPSES OF GANDHIJI. Information Service of India, n.d. 12 min. color. ISOI An Indian government film that depicts Mahatma Gandhi's life and indicates why he is revered in India and throughout the world.

GLIMPSES OF INDIA: CENTRAL REGION. Information Service of India, n.d. 12 min. color. ISOI Gives the history and legends of central India plus many scenes of the landscape.

GLIMPSES OF INDIA: EASTERN REGION. Information Service of India, n.d. 18 min. color. ISOI A look at eastern India: Assam, Bihar, West Bengal, Nagaland, Nefa, and Manipur. Includes discussion of daily life, culture, and economic development.

GLIMPSES OF INDIA: NORTH REGION. Information Service of India, n.d. 13 min. color. ISOI, INTO Depicts the land and people of northern regions of India.

GLIMPSES OF INDIA: SOUTHERN REGION. Information Service of India, n.d. 17 min. color. ISOI A report on the land and people of the southern states of India. Includes description of the culture and lives of the people.

GOPAL'S GOLDEN PENDANT.

Coronet, 1980.

25 min.

color.

COR A visit with an Indian Hindu family in Jaipur. Shows their culture and follows a boy practicing the family tradition of "minakari"--the art of enamelling gold and silver. Examples of crafted items include peacocks, elephants, and flowers.

HASAN THE CARPET WEAVER. COR

Coronet,

1980.

25 min.

color.

72

Filmography of the Third World

Visits an Indian boy who is mastering the traditional techniques of knot tying and design in order to weave a carpet. Follows the com¬ pletion of the carpet on a loom.

HERSELF, INDIRA GANDHI. Anne Drew, 1983. 58 min. color. DICI A portrait of India and the woman who was perhaps the world's most powerful woman, Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. Uses interviews and historic footage.

HIGH ABOVE THE DUST. color. INTO

India Tourist Office, n.d.

18* min.

A government-sponsored film that gives a general survey of the people, culture, and geography of India. Includes scenes of in¬ dustry and important cities.

HINDUISM AND THE SONG OF GOD: A MODERN INTERPRETATION OF THE BHAGAVAD GITA. Hartley, 1976. 30 min. color. HARP Studies the Hindu concepts expressed in the Bhagavad Gita or Song of God against the background of India's photographic beauty: purpose in life, the four yogas, the law of karma, the four stages of life.

HULLABALOO OVER GEORGIE AND BONNIE'S PICTURES. Ismail Merchant, 1978. 85 min. color. Directed by James Ivory; screenplay by Ruth Prawer Jhabvala; photography by Walter Lassally; music by Vic Flick. With Dame Peggy Ashcroft, Vic¬ tor Banerjee, Jane booker, Saeed Jaffrey, Larry Pine, Aparna Sen. COTH An unusual comedy set in contemporary India about a Maharaja and his sister who own a rare collection of Indian miniature paintings which are desired by at least three potential buyers. Besides pre¬ senting an entertaining story, the film reveals much about Indian culture and a rare view of India. Part of the film was shot in the Umaid Bhavan Palace in Jodhpur.

INDIA. Journal Films, 1976. min. color. JFI

(Families of the World Series.)

19

A look at the oldest culture in the world. Shows a large family of eighty-five members in the village of Dehu in India. Observes peo¬ ple in daily routines and how people eat and sleep in the same space.

INDIA: A NATION OF MYSTERY. MTI Teleprograms, n.d. of Man Series.) 25 min.» color. MTI r

(Faces

Asia--South Asia

73

A probing study of India as a giant nation overflowing with a mas¬ sive and growing population. Shows cities and villages. Depicts the lifestyle of the Indians and their love for their religion and land.

INDIA: A NORTHERN MENU. MTI Teleprograms, n.d. (The World of Cookings Series.) 271 min. color. MTI The viewer is given a tour of New Delhi, Agra, and Jaipur to get an understanding of Indian culture. Then a master chef and his assistant reveal behind-the-scenes information about the ancient Indian cuisine. Actual step-by-step details are included.

INDIA: AN INTRODUCTION. International Film Foundation, 1980. 25 min. color. IFF Examines the complexity of modern India. People from various walks of life discuss India's problems. Shows a variety of scenes: a school, a Hindu religious ceremony, a movie studio, a steel mill, and a cloth mill. Describes monsoon rains and population details.

INDIA AND THE INFINITE: THE SOUL OF A PEOPLE. Elda Hart¬ ley, 1979. 30 min. color. HARP Shows India as a country of paradoxes and extremes. Gives a pic¬ ture of the many religions, the love of ritual, and how religion is reflected in India's great art and architecture. Includes scenes from Kashmir to Benares, from Bombay to Bangalore.

INDIA: POPULATION 600 MILLION. United Nations, 1974. 13 min. color. SEF, UN, MAR Discusses India's complex population problem with its family planning program and the resistance of the public because of poverty and cultural considerations.

AN INDIAN PILGRIMAGE: KASHI. University of Wisconsin, 1976. 30 min. color. SOAA Observes two brahmans and their wives on a visit to the sacred city of Kashi (Banaras, Varanasi) for the purpose of performing ances¬ tor rites. A brahman priest instructs the visitors in the proper procedures for the rites. Also shows the visitors shopping in ba¬ zaars and visiting tourist sites. All speak Telugu language.

INDIA'S SACRED COWS. Vishnu Vajhur, 1981. 28 min. color. FI Tells why domestic cattle and the sacred cow are important to the Indian people and their economy.

JYOTI.

Film Australia, n.d.

17 min.

color.

WOM

74

Filmography of the Third World

A report on a typical Hindu family in Bombay. Formerly village dwellers, the family has managed to survive in the city. The father has a job assembling typewriters. Shows the role of Hindu ritual and dance in the life of the family.

KHETURNI BAYO: NORTH INDIAN WOMEN. Sharon Wood, 1980. 19 min. color. WOOD A complete picture of daily life of peasant women in western India. Shows relationships with other members of the family. Looks at the women's art work--dowry embroidery.

THE LONG SEARCH: (2) HINDUISM, 330 MILLION GODS. BBC/ Time-Life, 1978. 52 min. color. TL An examination of the Hindu religious experience as observed in religious ceremonies in various locations in India. Narrated by Ronald Eyre.

THE MAHARAJAS: IMPERIALISM BY CONSPIRACY. Centron, 1977. 25 min. color. CEN A history of the Maharajas, who ruled one third of India for close to two centuries, as told by a former Maharaja. Presents examples of the wealth of the Maharajas and their power. Discusses British rule and the decline of the Maharajas.

MAHATMA GANDHI: SOUL FORCE. Learning Corporation of Amer¬ ica, 1980. (Leaders of the 20th Century Series.) 24 min. color. LEC Describes the Indian leader's goal of independence for India, the success of which, in turn, stimulated the subsequent move for in¬ dependence by almost one hundred other colonial countries.

A MUSICAL TRADITION IN BANARAS. n.d. 40 min. color. SOAA

University of Wisconsin,

A visit with a classical drummer and music instructor at Banaras Hindu University. While he pursues his usual daily activities, he discusses his thoughts about his lifestyle and his attempts for at¬ tainment of musical perfection.

MYSORE--SOUTHERN MYSORE. color. INTO

India Tourist Office, n.d.

25 min

A tour of the Indian states of Mysore and Coorg. Shows tourist attractions, including modern Bangalore, an ancient temple, a me¬ dieval mausoleum, and a wildlife reserve.

NEW DELHI.

Lucerne Films," 1980.

10 min.

color.

LFI

Asia--South Asia

75

A report on India's capital city as a center of diversity, contrast, harsh economic conditions. Shows scenes of the historical past and the attractions of modern New Delhi. Describes the growing middle class.

OLD DELHI--NEW DELHI. MC, UWI, UIL

Diana Colson, n.d.

16 min.

color.

Compares Old Delhi with New Delhi to point out the differences be¬ tween traditional lifestyles and culture and the life of the modern busy city.

PATAL GANGA--RIVER OF THE GODS. UNICEF, 1972. 24 min. color. UTX Documents the life and customs of an Indian village that is suffer¬ ing because the well is polluted. Shows the work of a UNICEF team installing a tube well.

PRINCIPLES OF CASTE. British Open University, 1982. 24 min. color. UMED An anthropologist examines the caste system in India and shows how the underlying principles can be seen at work in a Hindu marriage ceremony. Includes an interview with an untouchable and scenes of untouchables and the lower castes carrying on traditional work.

RANA. Film Australia, n.d. 19 min. color. WOM Follows a Moslem college student as she moves through her daily life in Old Delhi. Shows her scholarly achievement, the restric¬ tions of custom that limit her world, and the overcrowding in the city.

THE TAJ MAHAL.

Penguin Productions,

1982.

28 min.

color.

PEPR A portrait of the Taj Mahal as a great work of architecture or as a monument memorializing a great love. Provides historical details: the origins of the Mughal dynasty, the life of the Emperor Shah Jahan who built the Taj Mahal and his wife, Jahan, the seventeenthcentury Mughal court, and the cultural traditions which influenced the design of the Taj.

TEA WORKERS OF INDIA.

Russell Wulff, 1975.

14 min.

color.

AIMS An exploration of tea leaf picking, processing that includes scenes of the Himalayas, a beautiful tea garden, a typical family of tea workers, and a Buddhist ceremony.

76

Filmography of the Third World

TIBETAN BUDDHISM: PRESERVING THE MONASTIC TRADITION. South Asian Area Center, 1982. 29 min. color. SOAA Documents the monastic way of life preserved by the Tibetan Buddhist monks of Sera Monastery in Mysore State, Southern India. Follows a boy who decides to take up a monastic career. Shows his family's role in his decision, and his ordination ceremony, and the many daily activities and rituals in the monastery.

TRAGADA BHAVAI: A RURAL THEATER TROUPE OF GUJARAT. Roger Sandall and Jayasinhji Jhala, n.d. 42 min. color. DOCE A visit with a rural theatrical troupe who are seen backstage in preparation, in an interview, negotiating with villagers, and in performance. Shows the typical bhavai (travelling traditional rural theater) performance which includes a miracle play, comic skits, dances, juggling, and a romantic drama set in medieval times.

TRIP TO AWARENESS: A JAIN PILGRIMAGE TO INDIA. Hartley, n.d. 30 min. color. HARP An introduction to Jainism and a visit to some of India's greatest architecture and sculpture at sites of magnificent Jain temples at Palitana, Mount Abu, Shrevana Belgola, and Ellora. Traces the ancient roots of Jainism and its concepts today.

VISHNU'S MAYA. Saraswati Films, 1977. 30 min. color. PHO A film of classical myth from India. Tells about maya, the power that allows the gods to change form, and examines the classical Hindu culture. Includes scenes of daily life in a village in India, Hindu worship, and marriage ceremonies.

VOICES OF THE PEOPLE: THE ELECTIONS IN INDIA 1977. Uni¬ versity of Wisconsin, n.d. 30 min. color. SOAA Discusses the events before and during India's elections in 1977. Covers the jailing of opponents, suppression of criticism, outlawing of strikes several years before the election by Indira Gandhi and the formation of a united Janata (People's) Party by the opposition.

THE WAGES OF ACTION: RELIGION IN A HINDU VILLAGE. Uni¬ versity of Wisconsin, n.d. 47 min. color. SOAA An examination of religious practices in a village near Banaras. Footage includes scenes of men praying before a wrestling match, a grandmother offering water to a sacred plant, a priest conducting a Satyanarayan puja, members of the lower caste exorcising spirits, a couple making a pilgrimage to a shrine. Villagers also discuss how they placate ghosts, maintain kitchen purity.

Asia--South Asia

77

WEDDING OF THE GODDESS: PART I. University of Wisconsin, 1976. 36 min. color. SOAA The history of the annual Chittirai festival in the South Indian city of Madurai. Uses tales from medieval Tamil poems and glimpses of temple paintings and sculpture as background to explain the impor¬ tance of the festival.

WEDDING OF THE GODDESS: PART II. University of Wisconsin, 1976. 40 min. color. SOAA Observes an actual nineteen-day Chittirai festival in progress. Proceedings include brahman priests performing rituals, the re¬ enactment of the coronation and marriage of the goddess Minakshi and the god Sundarishvara, a cult initiation and spirit possession, and other scenes.

WHEN A MAN HUNGERS. UNICEF, n.d. 28 min. color. AIMS A report on the hunger and disease in Bahar, India that followed the drought of 1966-67. Depicts methods used to control the situa¬ tion: a new way of drilling for wells, inoculation program against cholera, and food relief. Discusses the role of UNICEF and other UN agencies, and the government in fighting the famine.

THE WORKING PROCESSES OF THE POTTERS OF INDIA: --A COLONY OF 700 POTTERS. Ron du Bois, 1983.

BINDAPUR 30 min.

color. OKS Crafts are viewed as sacred ritual in India, and each creative act is thought to be direct intervention by the divine. This film visits a colony of 700 potters near New Delhi who are shown working on traditional wheels and using mallets like magic wands.

THE WORKING PROCESSES OF THE POTTERS OF INDIA: MASSIVE TERRA-COTTA HORSE CONSTRUCTION. Ron du Bois, 1983. 20 min. color. OKS For thousands of years in South India potter-priests have created enormous terra-cotta horses from nine to twenty-five feet high. These may be the largest hollow clay forms built anywhere in the world. Documents the construction and firing of the last of such horses to be completed in India.

THE WORLD OF MOTHER TERESA.

MGM/Petrie,

1981.

58 min.

color. FI The story of Mother Teresa, the Nobel Peace Prize winner, who works with the poor in India and in many other countries around the world. Observes her in India as she works to inspire the poor to improve their lot.

78

Filmography of the Third World

A ZENANA: SCENES AND RECOLLECTIONS. Roger Sendall and Jayasinhiji Jhala, n.d. 36 min. color. DOCE Through songs, dances, and recllections of several palace women, this film presents a rare view of life in a zenana (women's quar¬ ters in a palace) in Dhrangadra, in northern India. The Maharani, wife of the Maharaja, reflects on traditional lifestyle of women, their former seclusion. Describes the modern role of some women in India.

Pakistan

PAKISTAN: MOUND OF THE DEAD. Centron, 1977. 27 min. color. CEN The story of Mohenjo Daro, the amazingly sophisticated ancient city in the Indus Valley discovered by archaeologists in the 1920's. In¬ cludes scenes of the magnificent brick masonry, the drainage sys¬ tem, and other manifestations of a mature society. Comments on the mysterious disappearance of this civilization.

Sri Lanka

COLOMBO. Lucerne Films, 1980. 11 min. color. LFI A visit to the capital of Sri Lanka, which has a long colonial his¬ tory. Shows changing lifestyles, the importance of Colombo as a major port, and the attractions for tourism.

FISHERMAN OF SRI LANKA. AIMS

Russell Wulff, 1974.

12 min.

color.

Illustrates daily life on the great island formerly known as Ceylon. Includes views of a fishing village and shows how government co¬ operatives, motorboats, and formal education are having an impact on traditions in Sri Lanka.

KATARAGAMA. Granada Television, n.d. Series.) 51 min. color. GTI

(Disappearing World

A report on the disappearance of a boy in Sri Lanka which re¬ sulted in his family seeking aid from an astrologer who told them to appeal to the increasingly popular god Kataragama. Records worshippers enduring red-hot fires and nailed shoes to please their god who is considered capable of achieving everything. The boy does return eventually.

SRI LANKA: JEWEL OF THE ORIENT. color. CEN

Centron, 1977.

24 min

Asia--East Asia

79

A visit to the tropical island of Sri Lanka. Shows the beauty of the island and people engaged in gem mining, pottery production, fishing, handcrafting of jewelry, rice and tea farming, cinnamon processing, mask carving, and others.

§

EAST ASIA

China

THE BAREFOOT DOCTORS OF RURAL CHINA. 52 min. color. DLP

Diana Li, 1975.

A report on China's one million "barefoot doctors" who have been trained to improve rural health conditions. Explains how western and Chinese medical techniques are used.

BATTLE OF EGO. MOB I

Gary Bush Productions, 1982.

52 min.

color.

About conquering fear and oneself through practice of the Chinese art of Kung-Fu.

THE CANCER DETECTIVES OF LIN XIAN. WGBH/BBC, 1981. (Nova Series.) 57 min. color. TL This is one of the first film productions to come out of contempo¬ rary China--a report on the effort of Chinese scientists to study cancer of the esophagus in a country where this form of cancer has been more frequent than elsewhere. Depicts the Chinese ap¬ proach as one focused on eliminating environmental causes.

CHINA: A CLASS BY ITSELF. NBC, 1979. 52 min. color. FI A report on post-Mao China that describes the many changes taking place today--efforts to become a super industrial power, the emerg¬ ing intellectual elite, a result of stiffer educational requirements, the new social and political goals. Reported by Jack Reynolds.

CHINA: A LAND TRANSFORMED. National Film Board of Canada, 1980. 26 min. color. EDC Documents how one million Chinese peasants changed the North China Plain from a flooded area to food-producing land. With the use of nothing more than simple hand tools the peasants brought the Haiho River under control.

CHINA: A NETWORK OF COMMUNES. 1977. 15 min. color. EBEC

Encyclopaedia Britannica,

80

Filmography of the Third World

A visit to present-day China, which includes a look at farms, a Manchurian steel mill, a Peking textile factory. Examines the structure of urban and rural communes, the workers and their productivity, child care, birth control, medical care, and the du¬ ties of Peking Street committees. Professor L. K. Hsu, Northwest¬ ern University, served as consultant.

CHINA: AN EMERGING GIANT. National Geographic Society, 1978. 25 min. color. NGS A report on the industry of the People's Republic of China. Shows life of the factory workers and the importance of agriculture as a support for industry. Shows the bridge at Nanking that serves as a symbol of industrial achievement.

CHINA--AN INVITATION. Robert E. Altman, 1982. 15 min. color. CMC A visit to the outstanding landmarks of China. Shows the cities of Beijing (Peking), Shanghai, Suchow and Hangchow, aerial views of the Great Wall, the 1,600-year-old Lingyin Su Monastery, the famous Forbidden City, the China Acrobats, and the Children's Palace. The first co-production sponsored by the People's Republic of China and an American corporation, American Express.

CHINA: AN OPEN DOOR; PART I--AN AWAKENING GIANT. As¬ sociated Press, 1972. 20 min. color. AIMS Documents the past and present perspective of a nation that has recently reestablished its links with the Western world. Footage shot by Russian, French and Chinese photographers was compiled by Associated Press newsman John Roderick.

CHINA: AN OPEN DOOR; PART II--THE PAST IS PROLOGUE. Associated Press, 1972. 20 min. color. AIMS Describes the internal struggles in China, such as the civil war between the Nationalists and the Communists, and the Great Prole¬ tarian Revolution. Also, gives background regarding China's re¬ lationships with other countries and biographical accounts of Mao Tse-tung and Chou En-Lai.

CHINA: AN OPEN DOOR; PART III--TODAY AND TOMORROW. Associated Press, 1972. 20 min. color. AIMS Traces modern China's progress in urban development, business administration, and medical care in the regime of Mao Tse-tung. Raises questions re detente, international relations, balance of world power.

Asia--East Asia

81

CHINA: EDUCATION FOR A NEW SOCIETY. Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1976. 15 min. color. EBEC An introduction to education in China covering students from kin¬ dergarten through university levels. Shows the study of Maoist doctrine, performance of political plays and operas, constructing desks in a school workshop, harvesting wheat, practicing soldier drills and tactics, guerrilla warfare, singing songs. Professor L. K. Hsu, Northwestern University, served as adviser.

CHINA IN THE 20TH CENTURY. Hearst, 1971. (Screen Digest News Series.) 16 min. color. KING The history of the struggle between Mao Tse-tung and Chiang Kai-shek over the mainland of China. Includes the 1972 decision to seat the People's Republic of China in the United Nations and oust the National Chinese Government.

CHINA: LAND OF MY FATHER. Felicia Lowe, 1980. 28-J min. color. NDF An American born Chinese woman meets her grandmother for the first time and learns about life in China, including what the life¬ style of a working mother is like there. Reveals the common ex¬ periences shared by people whose ancestors come from a foreign land.

CHINA'S CHAIR. United Nations, 1971. 27 min. color. UN, MAR A history of the China question in the United Nations and how the People's Republic of China was finally seated in the UN General As¬ sembly in 1971. Outlines the reasons for the China votes during the years following General Wu's appearance at the United Nations in 1950.

CHINA'S CHANGING FACE. National Geographic Society, 1978. 25 min. color. NGS A study of an agriculture commune and a steel factory at Wuhan, China. Shows scenes of Chinese education, medicine. Also, pre¬ sents information about life in China before the founding of the People's Republic.

CHINESE HISTORY SERIES (aka CHINA--THE ENDURING HERI¬ TAGE). Wan-go Weng for the China Institute in America, 1976. 13 parts from 17-23 min. ea. color. IND A comprehensive history of China in a film series of thirteen parts. Uses art, artifacts, and documents to tell China's story from earli¬ est times to the present. CHINA: THE BEGINNINGS (c. 600,000 years ago to 1100 B.C.); CHINA: THE MAKING OF A CIVILIZA¬ TION (c. 1100 B.C. to 475 B.C.); CHINA: HUNDRED SCHOOLS

Filmography of the Third World

82

TO ONE (475 B.C. to 221 B.C.); CHINA: THE FIRST EMPIRES (221 B.C. to A.D. 220); CHINA: THE GREAT CULTURAL MIX (A.D. 220 to A.D. 581); CHINA: THE GOLDEN AGE (A.D. 581 to A.D. 907); CHINA: THE HEAVENLY KHAN (A.D. 618 to A.D. 907); CHINA: THE AGE OF MATURITY (A.D. 907 to A.D. 1279); CHINA: UNDER THE MONGOLS (A.D. 1279 to A.D. 1368); CHINA: THE RESTORATION (A.D. 1368 to A.D. 1644); CHINA: THE MANCHU RULE (A.D. 1644 to A.D. 1911); CHINA: COMING OF THE WEST (16th to 20th centuries); CHINA: THE ENDURING HERITAGE (A Summary).

CHINESE LEGENDS, GODS AND PROPHETS. Lucerne Films, 1974. 9 min. color. LFI An introductory look at the philosophy, the religion, and the myths of China. Explains the fundamentals of Buddhism and Taoism. Uses the words of Confucius to illustrate Chinese thought.

THE CITY ON THE STEPPES. Granada Television, n.d. 53 min. color. GTI Looks at life in Ulan Bator, the capital city of Mongolia. Includes footage of a celebration of the fifty-third anniversary of the revolu¬ tion showing festivals, wrestling, archery contests and a remarkable horse race.

THE COWHERD'S FLUTE. color. TRA

Shanghai Animated Film, 1980.

21 min.

Shows the work of Li Koren, a prominent Chinese landscape painter, accompanied only by Chinese flute music. The filming of the artist's nature scenes seems to make them unfold like a gigantic scroll.

DA YU DAO: BIG FISH VILLAGE. 25 min. color. UMED

British Open University, 1980.

Uses footage extracted from HOW YUKONG MOVED THE MOUNTAINS, a film series by documentary filmmaker Joris Ivens to show the daily life of people who live in a fishing village in Shantung province. The people talk to an interviewer about the work and the organiza¬ tion of their community.

THE DRAGON AND THE BEAR. Hearst, n.d. (Screen News Di¬ gest Series.) 14 min. b/w. KING Discusses the split over ideology between the Soviet Union and China that has affected subsequent Sino-Soviet relations. Includes footage that documents the border confrontations involving soldiers of the two countries.

Asia--East Asia

83

FROM MAO TO MOZART: ISAAC STERN IN CHINA. Murray Lerner, 1981. 84 min. color. UNAR More than a music film, this documentary explores the effects of the Cultural Revolution on Chinese people and art. Covers the 1979 trip of concert violinist Isaac Stern in China in which he per¬ formed and conducted master classes. Includes interviews with Chinese musicians.

GUI DAO--ON THE WAY, A STATION ON THE YANGZI. National Film Board of Canada, 1980. 60 min. color. NFBC Shows the life in the busy Chinese railway station at Wuchang as a means of understanding the culture. Includes glimpses of old age and youth and activity of the crowds. Depicts a train worker about to retire and his daughter who will replace him.

GUI DAO--ON THE WAY, ROUND TRIP TO BEIJING. National Film Board of Canada, 1980. 60 min. color. NFBC A journey on a Chinese passenger train going from Wuchang to Beijing (Peking) presented in a series of tableaux. Shows a woman railway worker in her dedication to duty and in her commitment to her family.

GUI DAO--ON THE WAY, SOME CHINESE WOMEN TOLD US ... National Film Board of Canada, 1980. 80^ min. color. NFBC Observes women unloading freight trains at Wuchang Station, Hubei Province in China. Scenes include a newlywed couple and a mar¬ ried couple of long standing. Shows the absence of Western-style stress.

INTRODUCTION TO ACUPUNCTURE.

Hartley, 1974.

22 min.

color. HARP Gives a history of acupuncture and examples of actual use of acu¬ puncture for repair of a hernia, for a thyroidectomy, and for nerve deafness.

INTRODUCTION TO CONFUCIUS.

Lucerne Films, 1974.

12 min.

color. LFI The fundamentals of Confucius' teachings are described with foot¬ age filmed on location in China. Includes coverage of a ceremony celebrating the birthday of Confucius.

IT'S ALWAYS SO IN THE WORLD: URBAN COMMUNAL LIVING. Learning Corporation of America, 1980. (The Human Face of China Series.)

28 min.

color.

LEC

84

Filmography of the Third World

Observes one urban family residing in Shanghai. Shows the impor¬ tance of the extended communal family in China today. Follows various members of the family individually as they go through a typical day. The family comments on their hopes and dreams, their political and social ideas.

MAO BY MAO. Rene Vienet, 1981. 28 min. color. FFTH Traces the life of the Chinese leader Mao Tse-tung from 1947 until his death in 1976, using his own writings, diaries, speeches, notes, and rare film footage never viewed before outside China.

MAO: LONG MARCH TO POWER. Learning Corporation of America, 1979. (Leaders of the 20th Century Series.) 24 min. color. LEC A history of the early years of Mao including his strategies against his rival Chiang Kai-shek.

MAO: ORGANIZED CHAOS. Learning Corporation of America, 1979. (Leaders of the 20th Century Series.) 24 min. color. LEC Follows the later career of Mao. Tells about his philosophy as de¬ scribed in the Little Red Book and the chaos of the cultural revolu¬ tion which ultimately led to order in China.

MAO TSE-TUNG. Hearst, 1977. (Screen News Digest Series.) 15 min. b/w. KING A detailed biography of the Communist Chinese leader Mao Tse-tung. Explains his philosophy and the prophecies he made. Includes rare footage of his "Long March" in the 1930's. Also covers the impact of his death on China.

MASTERPIECES OF CHINESE ART. Chinese Information Service/ Mass Communications, 1973. 28 min. color. LFI An introduction to Chinese art. Shows fifty examples of bronzes, jade work, porcelain, calligraphy, lacquer, painting. Includes an¬ cient bronzes from the Shang Dynasty, circa 1766-1122 B.C., and jade artifacts through 3,000 years of development. Shows the three most revered paintings in the history of Chinese art: "Travellers on a Mountain Path" by Fan Kuan, "Early Spring" by Kuo Hsi, and "Early Snow on the River" by Chao Kan.

THE MEO. Granada Television, n.d. 53 min. color. GTI

(Disappearing World Series.)

Reports on the Meo, hill tribesmen of China, who migrated to Laos to avoid suppression. Now warring Laotians try to recruit the peace-loving Meo for the various armies. Considers the dim future of the Meo after three thousand years of travelling to avoid trouble

Asia--East Asia

85

MIND, BODY AND SPIRIT: HEALTH CARE FOR THE MASSES. Learning Corporation of America, 1980. (The Human Face of China Series.) 28 min. color. LEC A report on China's health care system. Follows two "barefoot doctors" in Kiangsu Province as they make their rounds in a com¬ mune. Shows treatment at home, in the fields, and in the hospital. Describes the Chinese and Western approaches used. Includes a demonstration of acupuncture.

A NIGHT IN THE ART GALLERY. color. FILI

China Film, 1981.

18 min.

A rare example of filmmaking from the People's Republic of China-an animated film that makes fun of the repressive atmosphere that existed during the Cultural Revolution.

NORTH CHINA COMMUNE. National Film Board of Canada, 1979. 80 min. color. NFBC Shows harvesting methods in China and how 3,000 acres can sup¬ port a population of 14,500 because of team work. Techniques shown involve conservation of resources.

NORTH CHINA FACTORY. National Film Board of Canada, 1980. 56 min. color. NFBC Observes a Chinese factory where over six thousand people pro¬ duce eighty million meters of cloth per year. Documents the lives of the workers--their residences, social life recreation, education-all of which are on factory property. Includes scenes of a retire¬ ment and a wedding in which the factory management plays a part.

OLD TREASURES FROM NEW CHINA. Shirley Sun and Peter Wang, 1977. 55 min. color. UCA Uses the archaeological exhibition from the People's Republic of China that toured the U.S. in 1975, to explain China's evolution from a primitive society through various stages up to and includ¬ ing the Yuan dynasty in the thirteenth century. Shows examples of Neolithic pottery, bronze sculptures from the Shang dynasty, various examples from the Han, Sung and Yuan dynasties. Nar¬ rated by James Earl Jones.

ON THE EDGE OF THE GOBI.

Granada Television, n.d.

52 min.

color. GTI Visits the great plains of Mongolia to observe the ancient skills of the horsemen existing side by side with the new methods of Socialism that introduced collective farming to the area.

ONE HUNDRED ENTERTAINMENTS:

STATE-SUPPORTED ARTS.

36

Filmography of the Third World

Learning Corporation of America, 1980. (The Human Face of China Series.) 28 min. color. LEC The Shensi Provincial Acrobatic Troupe is shown in rehearsal and performance in urban and rural settings. The acrobats describe their 2,000-year-old art and the improvement of their existence via state support.

PRESIDENT NIXON'S '72 TRIP TO CHINA. Hearst, n.d. 17 min. color. KING Documents President Nixon's visit to China in 1972. Has scenes of the summit conference with Mao Tse-tung, the visit to the Gate of Heavenly Peace, and the Great Wall. Covers the release of the Shanghai communique.

SACRED ART OF TIBET. Larry Jordan, n.d. 28 min. color. CCC A look at Tibetan Buddhist paintings, known as thankas, and Tibetan woodcuts and sculpture. With narration and animation techniques the film also presents basic principles of Tibetan Bud¬ dhism to show how this Eastern religion is related to the art works.

SHAO PING, THE ACROBAT. Coronet, 1982. 24i min. color. COR Follows a sixteen-year-old acrobat in Shanghai as she practices five hours a day and relaxes in the busy metropolis. Shows her acrobatic team taking part in a Chinese telecast.

SILKMAKING IN CHINA. Atlantis, n.d. 13 min. color. ATL A study of the present-day commune in China which serves as an illustration of village life in China. Also, describes the history and art of silkmaking.

SOMETHING FOR EVERYONE: RURAL COMMUNAL LIVING. Learn¬ ing Corporation of America, 1980. (The Human Face of China Series.) 28 min. color. LEC A description of life in a People's Commune in Kwangtung Province. Viewers meet the people as they harvest the crops, go to school and work in factories. The film explains how the goal of rural self-sufficiency is being realized.

SON OF THE OCEAN. Suzanne Baker, 1979. (The Human Face of China Series.) 25 min. color. LEC Takes the viewer on a voyage down the Yangtze River on a riverboat from Chungking to Wuhan. With examples and discussion the film covers history, geography, culture. Beautiful scenes of an¬ cient temples, mountain areas, fields.

Asia--East Asia

87

STILT DANCERS OF LONG BOW VILLAGE. Carma Hinton, Richard Gordon, 1980. 27 min. color. FI Tells how this folk art of stilt dancing was almost lost as a result of the Chinese Cultural Revolution. Records an actual stilt dance festival in a rural village. Some of the villagers compare the past and present of stilt dancing.

THE SUPERLATIVE HORSE. Urs Furrer, 1975. 36 min. color. PHO An allegory from ancient China that explains how people should not judge things or people by their outer appearance but only by their inner qualities. The story concerns a powerful ruler who loves horses and who gives an important task to the young man who has applied to work as chief groom--he must find a superla¬ tive horse as proof of his ability to judge horses.

SUZHOU. Sue Yung Li, 1981. 29 min. color. UCA A visit to the Chinese "Venice of the East," Suzhou, a center of culture. Shows the city's many canals and bridges and sights and sounds of daily life.

TANTRA OF GYOTO. New Line, n.d. 50 min. color. NLC During a 1973 visit to Europe the Tibetan monks of Gyoto Tantric College publicly performed for the first time some sacred rites that have usually been kept secret.

TAO: THE WAY AND ITS POWER. Harcourt Films for Arts Coun¬ cil of Great Britain, 1976. 45 min. color. FI Shows Tao as a religion and as an influence on way of life. Gives the history and details of Taoist philosophy. Shows how Tao is ex¬ pressed in painting, calligraphy, poetry, ceramics.

TAOISM. Elda Hartley, 1980. 22 min. color. HARP The words of John Blofeld, a modern-day specialist on Taoism, gives insight against the background of contemporary China into the teachings of Chinese philosopher, Lao-tse of the sixth century: avoidance of force, contemplation, reason, disregard of mere cere¬ mony.

TIBETAN BUDDHISM: CYCLES OF INTERDEPENDENCE. Univer¬ sity of Wisconsin, 1982. 56 min. color. SOAA Documents the relationship between secular and religious activities of practitioners of Tibetan Buddhism. Shows the monks and the laity. Describes rituals of daily life for healing the sick, planting and harvesting the crops and warding off evil spirits. Includes

88

Filmography of the Third World

footage of the winter festival and the ritual battle to destroy evil forces.

TIBETAN MEDICINE: A BUDDHIST APPROACH TO HEALING. Sheldon Rocklin, 1976. 35 min. color. HARP Explains how Tibetan medicine deals with the patient's physical and psychic being rather than the disease. The work of the first wom¬ an doctor of Tibet, Ama Lobsang Dolma, is depicted at the Tibetan Medical Center of the Dalai Lama in the Indian Himalayas. Shows examples of animal, vegetable and mineral substances used for heal¬ ing and techniques, such as acupuncture and moxabustion.

WUXING PEOPLE'S COMMUNE. National Film Board of Canada, 1980. 57 min. color. NFBC A look at life in a rural Chinese commune that reveals the political and social organization. Edited from a longer film, NORTH CHINA COMMUNE.

XIAN. Sue Yung Li, 1981. 58 min. color. UVA A cultural history of an ancient imperial city of China, the terminus of the Silk Road. Includes footage describing the important archae¬ ological site, the tomb of China's first emperor, Qin Shi Huang Di, who unified the country and fostered the construction of the Great Wall.

YANG-XUN, THE PEASANT PAINTER. Coronet, 1981. 25 min. color. COR A fifteen-year-old Chinese youth is seen attending summer art classes to learn a new style of peasant painting. He gets advice from an aunt who is an accomplished painter and is observed tak¬ ing a sketching field trip to a bridge-building site.

Hong Kong

ASIAN INSIGHT WITH JOHN TEMPLE--HONG KONG/SINGAPORE. Australian Information Service, 1976. 52i min. color. AUIS A study of the similarities and differences of the two centers of trade, Hong Kong and Singapore. Shows that although the two appear alike they are actually quite different.

FUNG SEUI: THE WIND AND THE WATER. 28 min. color. AF

Ron Saucci, 1979.

A reenactment of a true story about the friendship of an elderly Chinese woman and a Maryknoll missioner in the slums of Hong Kong. Explores the customs and lvalues of the Hong Kong Chinese.

Asia--East Asia

89

HONG KONG: A CANTONESE MENU. MTI Teleprograms, n.d. (The World of Cooking Series.) 27£ min. color. MTI Gives a tour of the colony of Hong Kong to show the viewer a glimpse of Eastern and Western influences in operation there. Then a master chef teaches about the art of Chinese cuisine with a stepby-step account of how to prepare traditional food.

HONG KONG: A FAMILY PORTRAIT. National Geographic Society, 1979. 59 min. color. NGS A study of the daily life of a family that resides in Hong Kong. Gives an in-depth view of Hong King through their eyes.

THE LONG FIST. Gary Bush Productions, 1982. (Martial Arts Series.) 24 min. color. MOB I About two Canadian Kung Fu students who travel to Hong Kong to learn more about the roots of Kung Fu. Shows a local Kung Fu school, the famous Shaw movie studios, daily life in Hong Kong.

MING-OI THE MAGICIAN. Coronet, 1980. 25 min. color. COR Shows a young woman of Hong Kong who is a magician's apprentice. While showing how she learns the illusion of Chinese magic from her tutor, the film also indirectly reveals the ingenuity of Chinese magic as a manifestation of certain aspects of Chinese culture.

THE TWO WORLDS OF HONG KONG. National Geographic Society, 1979. 24 min. color. NGS A study of two worlds--East and West, ancient and modern--which meet in Hong Kong, Includes busy city street scenes and the har¬ bor, one of the most important in the world.

Japan

THE ARIAKE TIDELAND. NHK-TV, n.d. 30 min. color. JAPA A report by the Japanese on the unusual farming and fishing tech¬ niques in Ariake Bay in Nagasaki Prefecture, Japan. Illustrates how the Geta ski is used in catching fish. With English narration.

ASIAN INSIGHT WITH JOHN TEMPLE--JAPAN. Australian Informa¬ tion Service, 1976. 52 min. color. AUIS Examines the characteristics of the Japanese that have helped them create a prosperous society. Cites their sense of duty and flexibil¬ ity as key factors. Shows how traditions have been maintained side by side with modern technology.

90 THE BLACK SHIPS.

Filmography of the Third World Charles and Ray Eames, 1970.

8 min.

color.

PYR Japanese documents provide this special view of how Commodore Perry's 1853 "opening of Asia" affected the Japanese and what hap¬ pened when the two entirely different cultures came together.

BUGAKU--"TAIHEIRAKU." NHK-TV, n.d. 16 min. color. JAPA An unnarrated film of an ancient court dance in complete perfor¬ mance by the bugaku ensemble of the Japanese Imperial Household.

CHILDREN OF THE TRIBE. KCTS/University of Washington/ National Film Board of Canada, 1980. 28 min. color. NFBC A report on family life and schooling in Japan. Shows two elements of Japanese society at work--competitiveness and dependence on the group.

THE COLONEL COMES TO JAPAN. WGBH, 1981. (Enterprise Ser¬ ies.) 30 min. color. UCA, LEC This is a report on what happened when Colonel Sander's Kentucky Fried Chicken fast-food business decided to enter the Japanese mar¬ ket and how carefully the strategy was prepared. Describes the role of the largest chicken grower in Japan. Explains that Japan is the restaurant capital of the world.

DEAR UNCLE KYARA. NHK-TV, n.d. 30 min. color. JAPA A portrait of two people who live in Japan, a child and an elderly widower, that reveals much about growing up and growing old in the impersonal metropolis of Tokyo. Includes a trip to the old man's rural hometown. A Japanese production made for television. With English narration.

THE DEMON DRUM. NHK-TV, n.d. 35 min. color. JAPA A Japanese film narrated in English about a resilient community in Nafuna village, Japan that has been made strong by the climate and other geographic features in the region. Depicts the fourhundred-year tradition of playing giant drums.

DEMON POND. (YASHA-GA-IKE.) Shochiku Production Co., 1980. 123 min. color. Directed by Masahiro Shinoda. With Tamasaburo Bando, Go Kato, Tautomu Yamazaki. In Japanese with English subtitles. NYF The story of this theatrical feature film is about an ancient legend concerning a humble village woman who tends a garden beside a haunted pool in which a beautiful princess lives. Both women are played by the famous Kabuki actor Tamasaburo Bando. Events »

Asia--East Asia

91

are set into motion when a traveler arrives in the village during a drought and discovers that there is a mysterious stream of water nearby.

DERZU UZALA. Japan/Russia, 1975. 137 min. color. Directed by Akiro Kurosawa; screenplay by Kurosawa and Yuri Nagibin based on the story by Vladimir Arseniev; photography by Asakadru Nakai, Yuri Gantman and Fyodor Dobronavov. FI A Soviet-Japanese production about the relationship between an old Tungus trapper and a military group engaged in a mapping expedi¬ tion in the Asian forests of Imperial Russia. The old man works for the military as guide. He is at home in the natural world, whereas the soldiers are fearful and ill at ease. Later when he tries to live in the city, he finds he can't adapt.

DOLL'S FESTIVAL OBSERVED IN LOCAL JAPAN. NHK-TV, n.d. 8 min. color. JAPA A Japanese film that observes young girls celebrating Hina - Mat suri, the Doll's Festival, at home. No narration.

THE ELUSIVE GEISHA. Cinetel Film Productions, 1976. 25 min.* color. AIMS A study of the unique geisha--who she is, what she does. Follows the daily routines. Notes the changes taking place in the tradition and the problems of elderly geisha.

EMPEROR'S EDEN. NHK-TV, n.d. 30 min. color. JAPA A visit to the Shugakuin Imperial Villa and its environs in Japan. Includes walks along its gravel paths, through its gates, and into several buildings. Filmed by Japanese for television. No narra¬ tion, but an English script is available.

FACES OF MAN:

JAPAN.

Hal and Marilyn Weiner, 1981.

28 min.

color. SC RE A visit with three Japanese families who balance traditional customs and codes with modern ways of industrial society.

FAMILY OF PLAYERS--KYOGEN, JAPAN'S FIRST THEATER. NHKTV, n.d. 33 min. color. JAPA A visit with the family of one of the great Japanese kyogen actors, Manzo Nomura. Shows the great actor teaching his grandson how to recite and working with his son to supervise behind-the-scenes activities: care of the kimono, carving of masks, and training of actors.

With English narration.

92

Filmography of the Third World

FOLK SONGS AND DANCES OF NORTHEAST JAPAN. NHK-TV, n.d. 24 min. color. JAPA Representative Japanese folk songs and dances are presented in this non-narrated film make for Japanese television. Contains vig¬ orous and spontaneous performances of "Shishi Odori" (deer dance) and "Tsugaru Yose Bushi" (Song and Dance of Tsugaru).

THE FOLK TOYS OF JAPAN. NHK-TV, n.d. 22 min. color. Shows how the famous folk toys of Japan are manufactured. narration, but English script is available.

JAPA No

GARDENS OF JAPAN. Consulate General of Japan, n.d. 18 min. color. CHJ Depicts the love of the Japanese for nature and how they express this feeling in their beautiful gardens--everything from moss gar¬ dens to ones created of sand and rock only. Includes the famous Katsura Imperial Villa garden.

"GETA," WOODEN FOOTWEAR FOR MODERN JAPAN. NHK-TV, n.d. 30 min. color. JAPA An account of the history of Matsunaga the town that produces 60 percent of the traditional Japanese wooden footwear known as geta. Shows the lifestyle of geta craftsmen.

GREAT GARDENS OF THE WORLD--JAPAN. Chevron Chemical Co., 1974. 30 min. color. CHEV A tour of Japanese gardens, many of them connected with historic temples and shrines. In particular, shows Kyoto gardens, the "Garden Pavilion," spring cherry blossoms, azaleas.

GUNPOWDER LEGACY. NHK-TV, n.d. 30 min. color. JAPA A Japanese film on the two cities in Japan where gunpowder was introduced in the sixteenth century and where gunpowder is still made. Depicts firework competitions, hand-held fireworks, sky¬ rockets .

HAIKU. Ontario Educational Communication Authority, 1974. min. color. AIMS

18

A voice is heard reading Japanese haiku poetry and describing its history and structure while landscapes and closeups of plants, in¬ sects and birds provide a visual background.

HAIKU--SHORT POETRY OF JAPAN. color. WOM

Seaton Findlay, n.d.

28 min.

Asia--East Asia

93

A report on the traditional short poetry of Japan. Shows how the creation of haiku is still a popular pastime in modern Japan.

HAND AND CLAY: A CELEBRATION. Dave Bell Associates, 1970. I85 min. color. FCO An award-winning film that focuses on two Japanese potters at work Illustrates two methods: throwing on a wheel and the coil method. Emphasis is on the artists and the relationship of their background. Shows how art is an extension of themselves. Traces influence of the Japanese tea ceremony on pottery work.

HIMEJI CASTLE. NHK-TV, n.d. 30 min. color. JAPA A description of Japanese castle architecture with emphasis on Himeji castle built between 1601 and 1609. Illustrates how Himeji Castle reflects the height of Japanese concepts of beauty and func¬ tion of design for that time. A Japanese film with English narration

HIRO. United Nations, 1970. 27 min. color. UN, MAR A young Japanese, politically aware, discusses the needs of society --simplicity, humane treatment, justice. Shows contrasts and clashes of Japan's youth.

HIROHITO: THE CHRYSANTHEMUM THRONE. Learning Corpora¬ tion of America, 1980. (Leaders of the 20th Century Series.) 24 min. color. LEC A history of the Japanese king with emphasis on the end of World War II and the ensuing decades in which Japan has flourished eco¬ nomically .

HIROSHIMA--THEN, NOW AND NEVER.

NHK-TV, n.d.

30 min.

color. JAPA A Japanese film that studies a map of the atom bomb epicenter in Hiroshima and then traces some of the 200,000 people believed to have been in the area. Several survivors who escaped injury or who were away at the time of the atomic blast are interviewed.

HOKUSAI:

AN ANIMATED SKETCHBOOK.

Arts Council of Great

Britain, 1981. 6 min. color. ITFE Explores the philosophy and sixty of the thousands of drawings produced by Katsushika Hokusai, a famous Japanese artist (17601849).

IF JAPAN CAN ... WHY CAN'T WE? 78 min.

color.

FI

NBC/Reuven Frank, 1980.

94

Filmography of the Third World

An attempt to fathom the differences between American and Japanese productivity and why the U.S. has not kept up and Japan has pulled ahead in industrial world leadership.

JAPAN: A BANQUET MENU. MTI Teleprograms, n.d. (The World of Cooking Series.) 27£ min. color. MTI Gives a tour of Japan's arts, religion, and cooking. Then a master chef and his assistants tell how they prepare a traditional Japanese banquet.

JAPAN: A NATION OF TRADITIONS. MTI Teleprograms, n.d. (Faces of Man Series.) 25 min. color. MTI Explains how the Japanese keep their ancient ways in balance with the new ways brought in by the West. Describes Japan's achieve¬ ment as an industrial giant despite the country's background as a feudal society.

JAPAN: AN INTERDEPENDENT NATION. International Film Foun¬ dation, 1980. 25 min. color. IFF Uses both historical black and white footage as well as colorful scenes of modern Japan. Contrasts traditional and modern life¬ styles. Shows people at home, in the market, at the Kabuki thea¬ tre, at a Samurai movie, at a political rally, in a class.

JAPAN INC.: LESSONS FOR NORTH AMERICA? 28 min. color. NFBC

Kalle Lasn, 1981.

Describes the amazing feats of organization, discipline, and produc¬ tivity in Japanese government, business and industry.

JAPAN: OF TRADITION AND CHANGE. 1980. 23 min. color. NGS

National Geographic Society,

In order to compare the rapidly changing society with the role of traditions in Japanese life, this film depicts a woman in a Tokyo de¬ partment store who is independent yet proud of Japan's traditions.

JAPAN: ed.

THE LAND AND THE PEOPLE. 16 min. color. COR

Coronet, 1973.

Second

Traces Japan's transformation from a secluded group of islands to a major industrial nation with all the problems that accompany this status.

JAPAN VS. USA--THE HIGH-TECH SHOOTOUT. min. color. FI

NBC, 1982.

50

Analyzes Japan's successful competition in the world of high-tech

Asia--East Asia

95

industry. Explains how Japan gathers information for a carefully coordinated plan for development.

THE JAPANESE, PART 1: FULL MOON LUNCH. John Nathan, Hawaii Public Television, n.d. 57 min. color. JAPA Follows a typical downtown Tokyo family in their daily life. Shows them catering box lunches for worshippers at Buddhist temples. Studies the family individually and collectively in their tiny shop in an old district of Tokyo.

THE JAPANESE, PART 2: BLIND SWORDSMAN. John Nathan, Hawaii Public Television, n.d. 57 min. color. JAPA A look at Japanese superstar Shintaro Katsu, the actor-producerdirector who created the most beloved film hero of all time in Japan, Zato-Ichi, a bold but blind swordsman. He discusses his philosophy of life and the point of view he wishes to express through the char¬ acter of the blind swordsman.

THE JAPANESE, PART 3: FARM SONG. John Nathan, Hawaii Public Television, n.d. 57 min. color. JAPA The result of a year's visit with four generations of a rural Japan¬ ese family who talk about their work, their relationships with each other, and their seasonal celebrations.

JAPANESE EXPERIMENTAL FILM, 1960-1980. American Federation of the Arts, 1980. Program I, 94 min.; Program II, 90 min. color. AFOA Two film programs consisting of experimental, personal films for adult audiences by Japanese filmmakers, selected by film historian Donald Richie in a project funded by the Japan-United States Friend¬ ship Commission.

JAPANESE FOLK DANCE.

Japan Society, 1969.

27 min.

color.

JAPA A co-production with the New York City Board of Education that shows excerpts and complete dances: a mask dance, a drum dance, and a battle dance.

KAGEMUSHA. Japan, 1980. 159 min. color. Directed by Akira Kurosawa; photography by Takao Salto and Shoji Ueda; music by Shinichiro Ikabe. With Tsutomu Yamazaki, Tatsuya Nakadai. In Japanese with English subtitles. FI A samurai film with a difference. This time the director is con¬ cerned with the historical perspective of the sixteenth century in which the story takes place. A petty thief, a look-alike for a war

96

Filmography of the Third World

lord who has been shot by a sniper, is persuaded to take the man's place. The thief's new role changes his outlook and values.

KARATE. Stephen Eichenlaub, 1972. 10 min. color. PYR Black belt experts demonstrate that this ancient martial art is a way to individual self-control and self-realization. Illustrates movements and stances and the esthetic grace involved in the "way of the empty hand."

KUROKAWA -- A PLAY FROM THE PAST, A PLAN FOR THE FUTURE. NHK-TV, n.d. 40 min. color. JAPA A Japanese film that discusses the serious problems of many agri¬ cultural areas in northern Japan: soil depletion, shrinking popu¬ lation, and declining local economies. Uses the town of Kurokawa in Yamagata Prefecture as an example of how planning for develop¬ ment can be achieved using the Noh tradition to inspire community spirit.

KYOTO, THE CITY OF ANCIENT TRADITIONS. 42 min. color. JAPA

NHK-TV, n.d.

A Japanese-made film that functions both as a travelogue of Kyoto, showing its Kiyomizu temple, the palace, the market, and the Tenjin shrine; and also as a documentary depicting the Gion festival for which a chigo, or child deity, is prepared.

LANGDON WARNER AND THE PRESERVATION OF JAPAN'S CUL¬ TURAL PROPERTIES. NHK-TV, n.d. 30 min. color. JAPA A report on the joint efforts of Japan and the U.S. to preserve the most important Japanese cultural treasure before, during and after World War II under the leadership of Langdon Warner, a noted art historian. Cites the fact that many landmarks are no longer in good condition.

LIVING TREASURES OF JAPAN. color. NGS

Miriam Birch, 1981.

60 min.

In Japan, artisans who keep the ancient culture alive are honored by the government. This film shows nine such artisans at work: a potter, dollmaker, puppeteer, papermaker, koto musician, swordmaker, textile weaver and dyer, kabuki theater actor, and bell maker.

LOCAL NOH DRAMA AND VILLAGE LIFE. color. JAPA

NHK-TV, n.d.

30 min.

A Japanese film that illustrates how the ancient traditional Noh drama has been preserved in a farming community. Shows how all

Asia--East Asia

97

ages get together at the shrine to watch Musume Dojoji and other Noh classics. Also shows the other details of the community festi¬ val in which the Noh performances are a part.

THE LONG SEARCH: (9) BUDDHISM, THE LAND OF THE DISAP¬ PEARING BUDDHA--JAPAN . BBC/Time-Life, 1978. 52 min. color. TL A look at the Japanese approach to Buddhism and Zen. Narrated by Ronald Eyre.

A MATTER OF PRIDE. Laurence Deutsch, 1981. 20 min. color. NIS The exchange of technology, equipment and manufacturing methods between Japan and the U.S. is used to illustrate the relationship between the two countries. Sponsored by the Nissan Motor Cor¬ poration .

NOH DRAMA. Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 1969. 30 min. color. JAPA Uses selections from representative Noh plays as introduction to the subject. Shows behind-the-scenes activities--fitting masks, cos¬ tumes, and special effects.

PIKADON. Studio-Lotus Co., n.d. 9^ min. color. SUFP An animated film about what the Japanese called "pika" (the bright flash of the atomic bomb) and "don" (the horrible blast which fol¬ lowed) . Documents the story of the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Suitable for all ages. Co-sponsored by the All Japan Movie Center.

PROPHECY. Tsutomu Iwakura, n.d. 40 min. color. FI Uses never-before-seen historic footage of the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945. A rare opportunity to see the bombings and the aftermath from the Japanese point of view. In¬ cludes coverage of victims who continue to suffer even today.

RITUAL. Psychomedia, 1978. 30 min. color. WOM Explores the way the Japanese manage to maintain their traditions and close links to each other in the face of the encroachments of industrialized society.

SAMURAI SWORDS.

University of Dallas, 1981.

18 min.

color.

UDAL About six Japanese artists who, while visiting the University of

98

Filmography of the Third World

Dallas in 1980, produced a Japanese samurai sword using techniques of the twelfth century.

SHINTO: NATURE, GODS AND MAN IN JAPAN. Peter Grilli and David Westphal, n.d. 48 min. color. JAPA Tells about Japan's native religion, Shinto, the roots of which go back to prehistory. Explains the essential beliefs. Shows images and works of art, and visits many important shrines: Okinoshima, the holy island; Ise; Nachi; Izumo; Kasuga; Omiwa; and Munakata.

THE SOUND OF JAPANESE DRUMS. JAPA

NHK-TV, n.d.

30 min.

color.

Tells about the history and social uses of drums in Japan today. A Japanese film with music but no narration.

THE TEA CEREMONY. NHK-TV, n.d. 20 min. color. JAPA Illustrates the traditional tea ceremony as demonstrated by the master of the Urasenke School and also shows tea being served in various formal and informal settings. A Japanese film with music and no narration.

TO DIE, TO LIVE: 60 min. color.

THE SURVIVORS OF HIROSHIMA. FI

BBC, 1982.

Survivors of the dropping of the first atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan discuss their thoughts and feelings. Shows how those inter¬ viewed are guilty at being alive when others are dead. Remaining dangers of radiation effects are explored. The film suggests that we are all survivors of that event at Hiroshima. Based on Robert Jay Lifton's Death in Life: Survivors of Hiroshima.

TO REMEMBER THE FALLEN: CONFLICT IN JAPAN. mont, 1979. 26 min. color. UNCH

Des McCal-

A report on the conflicts over the Yasukino Shrine in Tokyo in which war dead are customarily enshrined in the Shinto tradition as "heroic spirits." Shows the effort of war survivors to have the shrine nationalized in honor of their loved ones and the struggle of Japanese Christians and others to bring an end to glorification of militarism.

THE TOKYO DAY. NHK-TV, n.d. 20 min. color. JAPA A Japanese film for television that portrays the modern Tokyo scene. Shows the vitality, traffic, offices, tourist sites, enter¬ tainment districts, housing projects, and suburban lifestyles. No narration, but an English script is available.

Asia--East Asia

99

TOO FAR, TOO FAST? BBC Horizon, n.d. 20 min. color. FI A film that questions whether or not Japan has come too far too fast. Presents the Japanese way of life with its special sense of order that has contributed to economic growth and the problems that have come from great progress in a short time.

TRADITIONAL BUNRAKU THEATER. NHK-TV, n.d. 30 min. color. JAPA A Japanese film with English narration about the famous Bunraku puppet theater. Leading puppeteers and craftsmen talk about behind-the-scenes details. Includes excerpts from several classic plays. With English narration.

TRADITIONAL JAPANESE SPORTS. (Series.) NHK-TV, n.d. 15 min. ea. color. JAPA A five-part series that illustrates the traditional sports of Japan: 1) Aikido; 2) Judo; 3) Karatedo; 4) Kendo; 5) Sumo.

WAITING FOR WATER. Solrun Hoaas, 1981. 28 min. color. AUF Images of daily life on an island in Okinawa, Japan, the population of which is decimated because of the move to the cities. Uses Japanese narration with English subtitles.

WHAT MAKES JAPAN WORK.

Hartley, 1983.

11 min.

color.

HARP An examination of worker philosophy and its connection with pro¬ ductivity. Alan Watts, a leading interpreter of Eastern thought, narrates the film which shows three Japanese workers illustrating how their attitude affects their performance at work.

WORLD CULTURES AND YOUTH; YOSHIKO THE PAPERMAKER. Paul and Deepa Saltzman, 1979. 25 min. color. COR A thirteen-year-old girl lives in a tiny Japanese village where she learns from a local master to make traditional handmade paper. Emphasizes how demanding the process is, how beautiful the result.

THE ZEN ARCHER. Gary Bush, 1982. 10 min. color. MOB I Shows how the art of archery flourished in the feudal period of Japan. Use by hunters and warriors of former times is contrasted with the modern practice of Kyudo, or "Zen archery," which is practiced as an exercise in serenity and spiritual discipline.

100

Filmography of the Third World Korea

DISCOVERING THE ART OF KOREA. min. color. FFTH

Paul L. Haller, 1979.

58

Explores the results of recent archaeological excavations which re¬ veal the magnificent heritage of five thousand years of Korean art. Shows early bronzes, royal fold crowns, ornaments, sculptures, celadon ceramics, landscape paintings.

KOREA. Journal Films, 1977. (Families of the World Series.) 24^ min. color. JFI A twelve-year-old girl follows tradition as she learns to dive on Cheju Island. Explains the other roles assigned to women in Korea.

KOREA: THE CIRCLE OF LIFE--TRADITIONAL CUSTOMS AND RITUALS. Centron, 1980. 35 min. color. CEN Shows the unchanged, age-old lifestyles and architecture to be found in some Korean villages. Gives examples of rituals connected with birth, childhood, matchmaking, marriage, aging, death.

KOREA: min.

OVERVIEW--THE FACE OF KOREA. color. CEN

Centron, 1980.

23

An introduction to Korea's geographical features, history, agricul¬ ture, and economic development. Depicts the beauty of the coun¬ try, the contemplative philosophy and the contrasting bustle of the industrialized cities.

KOREA: PERFORMING ARTS--THE WONDERFUL WORLD OF KIM SUNG HEE. Centron, 1979. 20^ min. color. CEN Presents traditional dances of Korea and an interview with Kim Sung Hee, a professional dancer in the National Theater in Seoul, who talks about her art.

KOREA--REFLECT IONS ON THE MORNING CALM. Charlie/Papa Productions, 1982. 28 min. color. EBEC, MTP A survey of five thousand years of Korean history as viewed at historic and archaeological sites and with the use of a touring col¬ lection of art objects in the U.S. (1980-81). Covers influences of neighboring countries, wars. Sponsored by Caltex Petroleum Cor¬ poration .

KOREA: RICH HER IT AGE--LAND OF MORNING CALM. 1979. 18i min. color. CEN

Centron,

An introduction to Korea's art, culture, history, religion, customs.

Asia--East Asia

101

Presents some contemporary artists who are designated national treasures.

KOREA: WINDOW TO THE ORIENT. Centron, 1982. 22 min. color. CEN A film intended to promote tourism in the Republic of Korea. Shows South Korea's culture and attractive features. Attempts to answer questions of future visitors--what is appropriate dress? what is the food like? what do the accommodations look like? Spon¬ sored by the Korea National Tourism Corporation.

KORYO CELADON. Donald Connolly, 1979. 17 min. color. KORE An eighty-three-year-old potter is seen working to recreate onethousand-year-old ceramic masterworks--Koryo celadon pottery. The entire ancient process is observed on film. Emphasizes the serenity and dignity of the artist.

SEOUL OF DON BISCO--SEOUL, KOREA.

Salesian Missions, n.d.

28 min. color. MTP An account of how Koreans are moving from the rural areas into Seoul and how the conditions of poverty have affected children. Shows how the Salesian missionaries run a trade school to take the youngsters off the street and to train them for skilled work in in¬ dustry .

Ryuku Islands

DANCES OF OKINAWA. Cine-Pic, n.d. 11 min. color. CIPI Famous dancers, the Majikina sisters, are observed performing folk and classic dances of Okinawa.

Taiwan

TAIWAN:

SILK AND STRINGS.

Centron, 1977.

17i min.

color.

CEN A comparison of life and culture of the aborigines of Taiwan with the lifestyles in traditional China. Presents scenes of the beauti¬ ful island, music, hand weaving, spinning, calligraphy, coral jew¬ elry and jade crafting, pottery making, and embroidery.

102 §

Filmography of the Third World SOUTHEAST ASIA

General

ADRIFT IN THE WORLD; INDOCHINA REFUGEES. 28 min. color. NACC

ABC, 1982.

A documentary on the desperate situation of the refugees from Viet¬ nam, Laos, and Cambodia as they try to reach other countries, such as Thailand, by boat or by land. Explores the possible role of the U.S. and of voluntary agencies and missionaries in helping the refugees.

FOOTNOTES TO A WAR. UN, MAR

Joseph O'Brien, 1980.

15 min.

color.

An account of three refugees of Southeast Asia: a child who has gone to West Germany, a woman who has gone to Canada, and a former soldier who stays behind in a camp.

SOUTHEAST ASIA: LANDS AND PEOPLES. vised ed. 13} min. color. COR

Coronet, 1976.

Re¬

An updated version of a film that covers the war in Vietnam, the creation of Malaysia, and other changes in Southeast Asia. Empha¬ sizes the change from colonial status to independence, and economic patterns.

Burma

THE OPIUM WARLORDS. ISHI

Adrian Cowell, 1974.

78 min

color

An inside story of the opium business in guerrilla-held regions of Burma, the source of one third of the world's heroin. Shows how rival armies struggle to gain control of the business.

Indonesia (Sumatra, Bali, Java, Obi, Borneo, West Irian)

AFFLUENT CAVEMEN OF TODAY. min. color. GTI

Granada Television, n.d.

30

A look at the Great Cave at Niah, Borneo where there is a thriving business in "guano" (bird droppings).

Asia--Southeast Asia

103

ASIAN INSIGHT WITH JOHN TEMPLE--INDONESIA. Australian In¬ formation Service, 1976. 52i min. color. AUIS Tells about the struggle to create a nation out of three thousand islands occupied by 125 million people who represent 300 different ethnic groups.

BALI: ISLE OF TEMPLES. Centron, 1980. 27 min. color. CEN Reveals the Balinese culture through scenes of music, rice harvest¬ ing, temples, performance of the Barong dance, the Kechack dance, the marketplace in action, weaving, painting, and a Hindu play.

A BALINESE TRANCE SEANCE. Timothy Asch, Linda Connor, and Patsy Asch, n.d. 30 min. color. DOCE Gives a view of the work routines of a Balinese healer. Shows clients bringing offerings and the healer preparing for a trance. The dead son of the clients reveals through the healer's voice the cause of his death and his wish for cremation.

DANI HOUSES. Karl G. Heider, 1974. 16 min. color. UCA House-construction methods of the Grand Valley Dani people are shown during their transition period from stone axes to steel tools. This is a Papuan culture located in the central highlands of Irian Jaya (West New Guinea), an Indonesian province.

THE ELEVEN POWERS. Larry Gartenstein, 1980. 48 min. color. FILI Documents the sacred ceremony, the Eka Dasa Rudra, or Festival of the Powers, which was held in 1979 by request of Balinese high priests to return the balance of good and evil in the universe. Two million Balinese participated in the event. The Balinese reli¬ gion synthesizes Buddhism, animism, Sivaism and Hinduism in so¬ phisticated and early, primitive forms. Narrated by Orson Welles.

INDONESIA: EAST OF BALI. Bill Dawson, 1979. 28 min. color. TUL A travel film which tours the Indonesian islands. Shows natural scenes of beauty and unusual features: glass eating, body pierc¬ ing with spears, giant lizards, head hunters.

INDONESIA:

THE CHANGING FACE.

Caltex, 1977.

30 min.

color. CALP A travelogue that depicts the diversity of culture, races, terrain and crops in Indonesia. Emphasizes the recent Westernization.

104

Filmography of the Third World

ISLAND OF THE SPIRITS. Cinetel, 1979. 26 min. color. WOM Shows the way in which the Hindu people of Bali view a royal cre¬ mation--as an opportunity for rejoicing because death is viewed as a beginning of a new life.

JAKARTA. Lucerne Films, 1979. 11 min. color. LFI A visit to the capital of Indonesia. Shows how Jakarta has grown since the independence of Indonesia to a metropolis of five million people. Gives a look at busy, crowded city streets and quiet resi¬ dential areas and markets (pasars). Explains the industrial devel¬ opment planned by the government.

JERO ON JERO. Timothy Asch, Linda Connor, and Patsy Asch, n.d. 17 min. color. DOCE The anthropologist and filmmaker of A BALINESE TRANCE SEANCE showed a videotape copy to Jero, the Balinese healer, to get her reactions as she observes herself. She comments on the various aspects of the trance and the spirits who use her as a medium of communication.

JERO TAPAKAN: STORIES IN THE LIFE OF A BALINESE Timothy Asch, Linda Connor, and Patsy Asch, n.d. color. DOCE Jero, a Balinese medium and masseuse, recalls her earlier poverty as a farmer. She tells of her years of transition undergoing a consecration ceremony as a spirit medium to her new work.

HEALER. 25 min. years of finally take up

THE LONG SEARCH: (8) RELIGION IN INDONESIA; THE WAY OF THE ANCESTORS. BBC/Time-Life, 1978. 52 min. color. TL Observes the religious practices of the Torajas of Indonesia, a rare example of a surviving primal religion. Narrated by Ronald Eyre.

THE MEDIUM IS THE MASSEUSE: A BALINESE MASSAGE. Timothy Asch, Linda Connor, and Patsy Asch, n.d. 30 min. color. DOCE Like other Balinese spirit mediums, Jero, a traditional healer, has another specialty--in her case, it is massage. The film observes Jero working on her client on her open-air porch and talking to him about his illness.

THE MIRACLE OF BALI: ART AND RELIGION IN BALI. Xerox, 1973. 25 min. color. GUA A survey of Balinese history and culture. dance, the legong, and the^monkey dance.

BBC/

Includes the classic This is an edited

Asia--Southeast Asia

105

portion of a longer film, THE MIDDAY SUN (The Miracle of Bali Series), cited in the 1976 volume of A Filmography of the Third World.

THE MIRACLE OF BALI: color. GUA

THE MIDDAY SUN.

BBC,

1973.

51 min.

Depicts the rich creativity that enhances the lives of the Balinese farmers, fishermen and others, including children. They are shown balancing the toils of the day with artistic endeavors on off hours: painting, music performance, dancing. Explains the "miracle of Bali": its centuries-old role as sanctuary for a sophisticated civi¬ lization .

THE MIRACLE OF BALI: MUSIC AND DANCE IN BALI. BBC/ Xerox, 1973. 24 min. color. GUA Shows the instruments in a gamelan gong orchestra and in other kinds of Balinese musical ensembles. Describes the training of young legong dancers and presents several dances: a warrior dance and a boy-meets-girl dance. An edited version of the film A RECITAL OF MUSIC AND DANCING (The Miracle of Bali Series) cited in the 1976 edition of this Filmography.

THE MIRACLE OF BALI: TRANCE AND RITUAL IN BALI. BBC/ Xerox, 1973. 24 min. color. GUA Documents a Balinese cremation ceremony and traditional dances. This is an edited version of NIGHT (The Miracle of Bali Series) cited in the 1976 version of this Filmography.

SACRED TRANCES OF BALI AND JAVA. Harvey Beilin, 1975. 30 min. color. HARP The bodies of people in trances appear to be taken over by invis¬ ible spirits so that supernatural feats can be performed by the living, such as piercing cheeks with pins. Rites depicted here include animistic, Hindu, and Muslim.

SERAMA'S MASK. Coronet, 1980. 25 min. color. COR A young Balinese man is observed learning the ancient art of dance from his father. Together they prepare for a ceremonial dance. Presents the step-by-step process of carving a mask to be used in the performance.

THE THREE WORLDS OF BALI.

Ira R. Abrams, n.d.

59 min.

color. DOCE A rare opportunity to observe the Balinese ritual of Eka Dasa Rudra performed once every one hundred years. This is the Balinese

Filmography of the Third World

106

way of maintaining balance between the three worlds in which they believe: the watery underworld filled with demons; the upper world of gods; and the middle realm of human beings. The ritual took place in spring 1979 as indicated by the traditional calendar.

THE WATER OF WORDS: A CULTURAL ECOLOGY OF A SMALL ISLAND IN EASTERN INDONESIA. Timothy Asch, James J. Fox and Patsy Asch, n.d. 30 min. color. DOCE An anthropologist and the filmmakers went to the eastern Indonesian island of Roti to study the lontar, a tree that is the mainstay of the Rotinese diet. Shows not only techniques of getting the tree's palm juice but of producing the syrup, beer, and gin ("the water of the words") that are derived from the juice. Recounts the po¬ etic speech of the ritual specialists and myths that tell how the lontar originated.

WET EARTH AND WARM PEOPLE. National Film Board of Canada, 1971. 59 min. color. NFBC Follows the people in various places and activities: from rice paddy to village, fishermen, soldiers, carts, rafts, people at work and at play. Uses natural background and music instead of narration.

THE YEAR OF LIVING DANGEROUSLY. Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, 1982. 115 min. color. Directed by Peter Weir. With Mel Gibson, Sigourney Weaver, Linda Hunt. UAR Australian filmmaker Peter Weir's feature film about political and so¬ cial upheaval in Indonesia in 1965. The story concerns an Austral¬ ian newsman who is trying to make a name for himself in this dan¬ gerous setting. The film abounds with a sense of the culture and poverty of Indonesia during the time of the action.

Kampuchea (Cambodia)

BACK TO KAMPUCHEA. FRF

Jean-Roch Marcotte, 1982.

57 min.

color.

A native of Kampuchea (Cambodia) returns to his homeland to search for remaining family and to learn more about happenings, following the terror of Pol Pot's regime.

PUBLIC ENEMY NUMBER ONE. color. FILI

David Bradbury, 1981.

55 min.

The story of Wilfred Burchett, an Australian and the first journal¬ ist of the West to witness the devastation of Hiroshima in August 1945. Burchett later became convinced that the West was wrong in Korea and in Vietnam and decided to live among the Vietcong. De-

Asia--Southeast Asia

107

nied a passport for seventeen years, Burchett has lived in exile covering various wars as a controversial figure. The filmmaker and Burchett were ambushed in Cambodia while making this film during a bloody battle.

Malaysia

ASIAN INSIGHT WITH JOHN TEMPLE--MALAYSIA. Australian In¬ formation Service, 1976. 52 min. color. AUIS An account of Malaysia as a country faced with the problem of building a society even though its people represent different cul¬ tures: the Malays, who hold the political power, and the Chinese, who have economic strength.

BICYCLE STALL IN MALAYSIA. Educational Media International, 1974. 11 min. color. EMI A portrait of Malaysia as seen through the daily routines of a Chi¬ nese family who are typical of the Chinese population that lives mostly in the cities. Shows poor conditions in a squatter settle¬ ment in Kuala Lumpur.

KUALA LUMPUR. Lucerne Films, 1980. 11 min. color. LFI A visit to Kuala Lumpur, the capital of Malaysia. Shows this new Asian city as a center for tin and rubber industries. Also covers history, present-day conditions, and anticipated growth.

MALAY FISHERMEN. Russell Wulff, 1974. 11 min. color. AIMS Visits a fisherman's family in a Malaysian village. Stresses the strong family ties, the division of responsibilities among the house¬ hold members. Reveals changing values that challenge traditions.

MALAYSIAN VILLAGE. Educational Media International, 1974. 18 min. color. EMI A visit with a fisherman and his family who live a tranquil life in a Malaysian village. Documents food preparation, school, a wedding, games, sports, church attendance. Youths of a secondary school perform Putra Putri using a traditional bamboo musical instrument, the anklung. Music and words are included in the accompanying study guide.

A MANDATE TO ASSIST. United Nations, 1973. 25 min. color. UN, MAR A report on how the World Bank helps developing countries. Shows a tract of rain forest northeast of Kuala Lumpur where there is a

108

Filmography of the Third World

project to help provide jobs and a better life for landless peasants and unemployed city dwellers. The plan calls for resettlement of families to grow rubber, oil palms, and other crops. The joint group effort helped the people of Malaysia to jump from illiteracy to education.

RUBBER PLANTATION. Lucerne Films, 1979. 11 min. color. LFI A look at Malaysia's rubber production. Shows how workers cut strips of bark from trees, collect sap, and then later separate the rubber at a processing plant. Includes scenes of the communal lives of the rubber plantation workers.

TIN MINERS OF MALAYSIA.

Russell Wulff, 1974.

10 min.

color.

AIMS A visit with a sixteen-year-old boy and his family in the Kinta Valley of Malaysia. Shows work in the tin mines, and the mineral deposits of the area. Also shows children engaged in household chores, recreational and educational activities.

TIN MINING. Lucerne Films, 1979. 10 min. color. LFI A report on Malaysia as the world's outstanding source for tin and the five-hundred-year-old history of tin mining there. Shows methods used and the lifestyle of the workers who live in companyprovided housing.

Philippines

ASIAN INSIGHT WITH JOHN TEMPLE--THE PHILIPPINES. Austral¬ ian Information Service, 1976. 52 min. color. AUIS The history of the occupation of the Philippines by the Spanish and Americans. Illustrates the influences of the colonizers that are still felt today.

CHILD OF THE PHILIPPINES. Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1980. 14 min. color. EBEC Shows the typical life of a child in the hilly jungle area of the Philippines. Because of poverty, there is no time for play. Every¬ one in the family performs many hours of heavy work daily with just enough time to fit in attendance at school.

MABANGONG BANGUNGOT: THE PERFUMED NIGHTMARE. Kidlat Tahimik, 1977. 91 min. color. FLOF A feature-length film that is a semi-autobiographical "fable" by a Filipino who expresses his concerns about American colonialism in

Asia--Southeast Asia

109

his country in surreal, poetic and political terms. His perfumed nightmare reflects the confrontation of a simple culture with dizzy¬ ing modern technology.

MANILA. Lucerne Films, 1979. 11 min. color. LFI A visit in the busy port city of Manila with views of Rizal Park, Port Santiago in the old Spanish city, the Chinese district churches, shopping centers, modern buildings. Includes a look at highly decorated buses (jeepneys), which provide inexpensive transporta¬ tion.

PEOPLE OF THE CURRENT. George Paul Csicsery, n.d. 27 min. tinted b/w kinescope. CCC Documents the lives of the Tausug people, a Moslem outlaw group located on Jolol Island in the southern Philippines, who have been involved in a devastating civil war against government forces from the Christian North.

PSYCHIC SURGERY IN THE PHILIPPINES. International Tele-Film Enterprises, n.d. 60 min. color. ITFE Observes a research team in the most remote villages of the Philip¬ pines who are studying spiritual leaders performing psychic surgery with their hands. Shows a training and initiation group session held by spiritual mediums in Baguio, Northern Philippines. Besides psychic surgery, includes exorcism, diagnosis via automatic writing. Participants are interviewed.

RECUERDO OF THE SUNDAYS AND TWO ROADS THAT LEAD TO THE SEA. Bibsy M. Carballo, 1969. 16^ min. b/w. FMCO A film produced in the Philippines to tell about a fishing village outside of Manila. Presents the rituals connected with a death in the village. Shows a rare kind of celebration with songs, games, and food that is disappearing as the nearby big city moves closer

SUGAR CANE. Lucerne Films, 1979. 11 min. color. LFI A visit to Negros, one of the islands in the Philippines, to study communal life of the workers who harvest sugar cane from the fields. Illustrates the entire process in twenty-four hours--from the harvest to raw sugar crystals.

YOYO MAN. John Melville Bishop, n.d. 12 min. color. DOCE A visit with Nemo Concepcion, a former employee of the Duncan Yoyo Company, one of the many Filipino demonstrators who trav¬ elled to the U.S., Europe and South America in the Depression years. He shows yoyo tricks and reflects on his art and the yoyo's Filipino origins.

no

Filmography of the Third World Singapore

ASIAN INSIGHT WITH JOHN TEMPLE--HONG KONG/SINGAPORE. Australian Information Service, 1976. 52^ min. color. AUIS A study of the similarities and differences of the two centers of trade, Hong Kong and Singapore. Shows that, although the two appear alike, they are actually quite different.

MOODS AND IMAGES OF SINGAPORE. Batey Ads Ltd. /Filmwest, 1982. 18 min. color. SING A visitor's view of Singapore in a typical day. Shows Singapore waking up, quickening tempo of Singaporeans at work, the new Chiangi Airport. Uses the Singapore Symphony Orchestra to pro¬ vide music which establishes the city-state as a modern place with color and vitality.

SINGAPORE. Lucerne Films, 1979. 20 min. color. LFI Traces the history of Singapore (first settled in 1819 as a port) and tells how it functions as a modern city. Explores its beauty, the large quantity of trees and flowers, and the reasons why it is a popular tourist site.

Thailand

ASIAN INSIGHT WITH JOHN TEMPLE--THAILAND. Australian In¬ formation Services, 1976. 52 min. color. AUIS Examines the culture of Thailand. Stresses the fact that Thailand was never colonized. Discusses the roles of Buddhism and the monarchy in the life of the Thais.

BANGKOK. Lucerne Films, 1979. 11 min. color. LFI A look at the capital of Thailand. Shows Bangkok's location in the delta of the Chao Paya River and how transportation was formerly only by river through the many canals. Explains the importance of modern Bangkok. Visits some of the many temples to show the vital role religion plays in the lives of the Thais.

BANGKOK: A SPECIAL TIME, A SPECIAL PLACE. 1982. 28 min. color. CMC

Robert Altman,

Depicts the colorful, elaborate celebrations that took place in Bang¬ kok in April 1982 to celebrate the city's bicentennial and the ruling dynasty.

Asia--Southeast Asia

111

CHIANG MAI: NORTHERN CAPITAL. Filmasia Productions, 1973. (Our Asian Neighbors Series.) 13 min. color. SEF Examines a Thailand city and the surrounding area with scenes of the people, their culture, religious observances, crafts work, mu¬ sic, dancing, a feast in preparation, a procession, silk-weaving.

CHILD OF RURAL THAILAND: A CHANCE TO LEARN. Encyclo¬ paedia Britannica, 1980. 14 min. color. EBEC A look at the daily life of a family of the Lisu hill tribe people, who, forced to leave Burma, established a new home in Thailand. Focuses on the ten-year-old daughter who attends school at a hos¬ tel many miles from home. Gives examples of customs, arts and crafts. Discusses problems of the refugees in Thailand.

CHILD OF URBAN THAILAND. Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1980. 14 min. color. EBEC Visits a family in the slums of Bangkok. Explores problems of finding work and shelter in a city that is crowded with people from rural areas.

FARMERS OF THAILAND. Russell Wulff, 1974. 13 min. color. AIMS Examines how people live in the rice farming area of Thailand. Compares rural life, typified by one family, with other styles of life in a major city.

HARVEST AT NONG LUB . Filmasia Productions, 1974. (Our Asian Neighbors Series.) 20 min. color. SEF About daily life in a village in Thailand. The people are seen growing and harvesting rice, doing housework, having a harvest celebration. Goes into detail about harvesting the rice. Explains the importance of the crop.

KA RORN: SOUTHERN VILLAGE. Filmasia Productions, 1973. (Our Asian Neighbors Series.) 19 min. color. SEF A documentary about a village in southern Thailand. Shows the typical lifestyle: going to work, taking produce to town, socializ¬ ing. Illustrates a diversified economy with rubber and banana plantations. Also, covers the other important products: coconuts and fish.

LEE'S PARASOL. Coronet, 1980. 25 min. color. COR The beauty of Thailand is the setting for this visit with a girl who is observed making a parasol as a gift for her cousin, a Buddhist

Filmography of the Third World

112

monk. Captures the flavor of the country and its traditions as the girl presents the gift at a Buddhist festival.

NARCOTICS FILE: THE CHALLENGE. United Nations, 1976. 27 min. color. JFI, UN, MAR Tells about the Meo hill people of northern Thailand who also travel within the area of "The Golden Triangle" (from Laos to Burma to Thailand). Explains that although the Meo tribes cultivate poppy flowers and produce opium, there is a joint Thai-UN program to train the people to grow other crops instead of opium. Available also in a French language version.

NARCOTICS FILE: THE SOURCE. United Nations, 1973. 27 min. color. JFI, UN, MAR Discusses what the United Nations and the rest of the world are doing about drug abuse. Describes Thailand's role in dealing with "The Golden Triangle" which produces about half of the world's opium supply: enforcement officers, and a joint Thai government and UN project. Available also in French and Spanish language versions.

THAILAND. Journal Films, 1976. (Families of the World Series.) 19i min. color. JFI A visit with a Thai boy and his family who live in a coastal village where their main occupation is fishing. Follows the boy in his fam¬ ily relationships, religious activity, and his pleasure in new-found reading and writing skills.

THAILAND: CEN

LAND OF SMILES.

Centron, 1977.

27 min.

color.

Offers an overview of exotic Thailand in its dances, festivals, and handicrafts. There are scenes of Buddhist monks, temples, a dance based on an epic Hindu poem, rice-growing, silk weaving, lumbering performed with the help of elephants, floating marketplaces, and others.

THREESCORE AND TEN. MAR

Joe O'Brien, 1982.

27 min.

color.

UN,

Observes elderly people who live in a variety of different circum¬ stances in Thailand in order to illustrate the problems of aging throughout the world. Proposes some solutions.

i

Asia--Southeast Asia

113 Vietnam

FRONTLINE. David Bradbury, 1980. 55 min. color. FILI A dramatic report from the frontlines of the war in Vietnam. Pre¬ sents the footage of an Australian cameraman who spent eleven years in the combat zone. Also, intercuts footage of Presidents Johnson and Nixon making statements regarding events in the war.

VIETNAM: AN AMERICAN JOURNEY. Robert Richter, 1979. 85 min. color. FI An independent documentary, the first made by an American inside postwar Vietnam. In a journey down Highway One from Hanoi to MyLai to Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon) the film shows rebuilding, for¬ eign art, performing arts, the legacy of war, and the U.S. role there. Also shows Cambodian refugees, boat people, international problems.

VIETNAM:

AN HISTORICAL DOCUMENT.

CBS, 1975.

56 min.

color. CAR A history of the Vietnam War from the beginnings to the conclusion. Describes how the United States became involved.

VIETNAM, THE TELEVISION WAR: 1968--A LOOK FOR NEW MEAN¬ INGS. Perry Wolff, 1979. 30 min. color. FFTH A look back at the watershed year of 1968 and what it signified in the Vietnam War. Discusses the Tet Offensive, the battle of the Sanh, television's role in bringing the war into American living rooms, and the use of the war by politicians and public relations people.

THE PACIFIC [Includes: Hawaii; Oceania (Islands of Central and South Pacific); Australasia (Australia, New Zealand, New Guinea and neighboring islands); Melanesia (North¬ east of Australia); Micronesia (Mariana Islands, Caroline and Marshall Islands); and Polynesia (area between Ha¬ waii and New Zealand).]

ABORIGINES OF THE SEA COAST. color. AUIS

Film Australia, 1973.

20 min.

A revision of an earlier film that describes the daily life and cul¬ ture of the Aboriginals of Arnhem Land in northern Australia.

ANCESTORS: THE LAST TASMANIAN. color. CRMM

Artis Film, n.d.

12 min.

An account of the geographic origin of Tasmania--its physical re¬ moval from Australia. Describes the impact of this separation and isolation for 12,000 years on the Tasmanian Aborigines.

ANESSI'S BARKCLOTH ART. COR

Coronet, n.d.

241 min.

color.

Shows how women make barkcloth in the South Pacific islands of the Kingdom of Tonga. Depicts the melodious songs that accompany the rhythmic pounding of the tapa.

THE ASMAT: CANNIBAL CRAFTSMEN OF NEW GUINEA. AB / Leimbach/Dutilleux, n.d. 42 min. color. FI Takes a look at a Stone Age tribe discovered in 1956, the last peo¬ ple to have had contact with anthropologist Michael Rockefeller in 1961. Depicts the fine woodcarvings created by these people, who also practice head hunting and cannibalism.

AUSTRALASIAN LAND FORMS. Educational Media International, 1981. 22 min. color. EMI A survey of the enormous land mass, Australasia, the area that includes the continent of Australia, plus New Zealand, and New Guinea. Discusses the beginnings 2,000 million years ago when Australia was connected to Antarctica, Africa, India, and South America, which made up the ^supercontinent Pangea. present-day geographic features.

Shows

The Pacific

115

AUSTRALIA. Australian Information Service, 1976. color. AUIS

15} min.

A brief tour of Australia, including urban centers and the outback. Shows the people in daily routines. Without narration.

AUSTRALIA IN THE 80'S. Film Australia, 1981. 30 min. color. AUIS A look at Australia as it is today. Includes a train trip on the Indian Pacific railway from South Australia to Western Australia, the gasfields of Moomba and the wine-growing region of the Barossa Valley.

AUSTRALIAN REPORT. Australian Information Service, 1973. 20 min. color. AUIS A travel film about the continent of Australia. Briefly covers the history, industry and scenic features.

AUSTRALIA'S ANIMAL MYSTERIES. National Geographic Society, 1983. 59 min. color. NGS A report on the many unusual animals that inhabit Australia due to the continent's isolation from other land masses for millions of years. Includes such examples as possums that "fly," mammals that lay eggs, frogs that carry eggs in the stomach.

AXES AND ARE: STONE TOOLS OF THE DUN A. J. Peter White, University of Sydney, 1977. 41 min. color. UCA A documentary on the manufacture and use of flaked and ground stone tools among the Duna Speakers of Horaile, Lake Kopiago, Southern Highland District, Papua New Guinea. Shows how the tools are used to make bows and arrows.

BECOMING ABORIGINAL.

Film Australia, 1978.

10} min.

color.

AUIS A study of the tribal way of educating Aboriginal children in Aus¬ tralia .

THE BIKINIANS. WGTV, 1974. 28} min. color. WNET A group of people whose home is in the Marshall Islands return to their island home to inspect the houses built for them by the U.S. government. Tells the story of how the Bikinians had been moved to clear the area for U.S. atom bomb tests. The return raises questions about the safety of the Bikinians from radiation and the responsibility of the U.S. in the matter.

BIOGAS IN FIJI.

United Nations, 1981.

6 min.

color.

BUFI

Filmography of the Third World

116

Shows how the Fiji Islanders use pig manure, biogas, as a renew¬ able source of energy. Demonstrates how biogas can be used to run small motors and for odorless cooking fuel.

CAMELS AND THE PITJANTIJARA. David MacDougall, 1971. (Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies Series.) 57 min. color. UCA A study of those Westernized Aborigines of Australia who live in government settlements. Shows them herding and breaking in wild camels. Reveals how they perform traditional religious ceremonies in modern dress privately so as to be out of the sight of the ad¬ ministrative staff. Also available in 27 min. version with footage of stockmen herding wild camels.

CAPTAIN JAMES COOK: SOUTH PACIFIC, 1768. BBC/Time-Life, 1977. (Ten Who Dared Series.) 52 min. color. TL Describes Cook's scientific voyage to the South Pacific, his dis¬ coveries of unique plants and animals, and the impact of his voy¬ age. Narrated by Anthony Quinn.

CARGO CULTS. UMED

British Open University, 1976.

24 min.

color.

A rare look at Melanesian Cargo cults. Uses footage taken from the only existing film on the subject that was produced by David Attenborough in 1960.

CENTENNIAL PARK, SYDNEY. Film Australia, 1978. 20 min. color. AUIS About a park land in Sydney, Australia. Traces the background of the park from colonial days to the present. Explains how the park's natural lakes supplied water to the colony and the park it¬ self was a grazing site.

THE CHANT OF JIMMIE BLACKSMITH. Australia, 1978. 108 min. color, anamorphic. Directed by Fred Schepsi. With Tommy Lewis, Freddy Reynolds, Ray Barrett, Angela Punch. NYF This is an account of a true incident involving racism that oc¬ curred in Australia in 1900. A half-caste aborigine explodes after years of oppression, murders his employer's family and takes off on a bloody trek across New South Wales. A film of epic scope that conveys a sense of underlying mysterious and natural forces at work.

CHILD OF PAPUA NEW GUINEA:

THE SAME TODAY, THE SAME

TOMORROW. Encyclopaedia Britannica Educational Corp., 1980. 14 min. color. EBEC ' ,

117

The Pacific

Follows a boy who lives with his family in a highland village of Papua New Guinea. Shows the poverty which keeps the boy from attending school. Discusses problems of the community: food pro¬ duction, primitive agricultural methods, limited commerce.

CHILDREN OF NEW ZEALAND: LIVING IN THE HIGH COUNTRY. Encyclopaedia Britannica Educational Corp., n.d. 13 min. color. EBEC Shows typical life of a family that lives in a sheep station on South Island in New Zealand. Gives examples of work performed: doing schoolwork by correspondence, care of animals, and simple recrea¬ tion, such as climbing high up in the hills.

CITIES: GERMAINE GREER'S SYDNEY. Learning Corporation of America, 1980. 25 min. color. LEC Noted author Germaine Greer takes the viewer on a guided tour of Sydney where she once taught. She emphasizes the free access of all the populace to things that would be open only to the favored few elsewhere.

COMING OF THE POLYNESIANS.

Cine-Pic, n.d.

11 min.

color.

CIPI Kenneth Emory of Bishop Museum explains how the Asian migrants made their way to Hawaii by means of the Marquesas Islands and Tahiti.

CONISTON MUSTER. David MacDougall, 1976. (Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies Series.) 29 min. color. UCA A sixty-year-old Aboriginal "cowboy” recalls his years as a stockman on a ranch in central Australia. Shows him and others per¬ forming the annual "muster," or roundup of cattle.

THE CORAL REEF.

Paul Hoefler Productions, n.d.

17 min.

color.

MC, UWI, UIL An introduction to the natural wonders of the Great Barrier Reef, a home for exotic plant and sea life. Shows the many species of coral in the area. Emphasizes life cycles and the ever-changing character on the earth's surface.

CORONATION OF OLD HAWAII.

Cine-Pic, n.d.

11 min.

color.

CIPI A reenactment of the traditional celebration and coronation ceremony for a Hawaiian chief. Includes authentic songs and dances.

COUNTRY OUTCASTS.

Film Australia, 1977.

28 min.

color.

AUIS

118

Filmography of the Third World

A pop-music group of Aboriginals of Australia who come from the city are observed on tour in Australia's outback.

DAY OF SLAUGHTER. Cine-Pic, n.d. 11 min. color. CIPI A Hawaiian legend about how a chief established the first pauuhonua, a sanctuary, because he almost killed his own brother by mistake in a cruel war.

DESTINATION: EASTER ISLAND. of the World Series.) 52 min.

Explo-Mundo, n.d. color. RAY

(Explorers

An account of the preparation of an archaeological expedition and the actual ocean crossing during 150 days on a ketch. Includes scenes of the Salut Islands, Tobago, the small Antilles, Panama, Coco Island, Costa Rica, the Galapagos Islands in the Pacific. Findings upon arrival on Easter Island are described in a second film, ENIGMAS OF EASTER ISLAND.

ENIGMAS OF EASTER ISLAND. the World Series.) 52 min.

Explo-Mundo, n.d. color. RAY

(Explorers of

The second part of a report of an archaeological expedition to Easter Island. (The first part is DESTINATION: EASTER IS¬ LAND.) Shows the island as a country without trees, hit by a violent Antarctic wind, full of caverns, wild horses, deserts of lavas, and five hundred stone giants. Ponders the origins of the people on the island and the statues.

ERUPTION OF MAUNA LOA. Cine-Pic, n.d. 11 min. color. CIPI Depicts the eruption of the Mauna Loa volcano. Shows molten lava flowing to the sea, damaging everything along its course.

EXTINCTION: THE LAST TASMANIAN. color. CRMM

Artis Film, n.d.

60 min

Documents the British colonization of Tasmania and how the exter¬ mination of the Tasmanian aborigines was carried out in the name of civilization and Christianity.

THE FIFTH FACADE. Film Australia, 1973. 28 min. color. AUIS A visit to the famous opera house in Sydney, Australia on opening Jhe archltect describes the opera house's unique roof as a "fifth facade."

FIJI: VILLAGE DEVELOPMENT. 1977. 22 min. color. EMI

Educational Media International,

Documents the local efforts of the inhabitants of Namata village in

The Pacific Fiji and and also

119

to improve conditions. Shows a new school, a community ahll that were constructed with a giant fund-raising festival with traditional explores the impact of these changes on the

FIJI: VILLAGE LIFE. min. color. EMI

paths, bridges, government help dances. The film village life.

Educational Media International, 1977.

18

A study of family and village life in Fiji. The setting is the Namata village where the viewer sees the traditional lifestyle combined with several new features: the children go to school, and Chris¬ tianity has replaced former religious beliefs. The film explains the tribal system, administrative patterns, the role of women in the so¬ ciety, and health.

FIRST CONTACT. color. AUF

Bob Connolly, Robin Anderson, 1982.

54 min.

About the Australian gold prospectors in New Guines in the 1930's who discovered a million people unknown to the outside world. Shows how the Leaky brothers took a movie camera and recorded the confrontation between the two civilizations.

FIVE ABORIGINAL DANCES FROM CAPE YORK. Film Australia, 1966. 8 min. color. AUIS Shows how the Australian aboriginals protect their history and legends through traditional song and dance.

FRONTIERS DOWNUNDER. Australian Information Service, 1977. 27 min. color. AUIS A look at the continent of Australia with particular emphasis on the outback. Shows the variety of people who live in Australia

GOGODALA: A CULTURAL REVIVAL? The Institute of Papua New Guinea Studies, n.d. 58 min. color. DOCE Studies the impact of the Australian colonial era, including exces¬ sive missionary zeal, which helped destroy the art and culture of the Gogodala people of the Fly River Delta, Western Papua New Guinea. Shows the people with government aid trying to recon¬ struct their heritage.

GOODBYE OLD MAN. David MacDougall, 1979. (Australian Insti¬ tute of Aboriginal Studies Series.) 70 min. color. UCA Documents a bereavement ceremony as practiced by the Tiwi people of Melville Island, near the Australian coast. The ritual is intended to put the spirit of the recently deceased person to rest and to re¬ move the imbalance caused by death. Explains how these ceremonies

120

Filmography of the Third World

have experienced a dramatic revival in recent years after a period of decline. One of the Tiwi participants provides the narration ex¬ plaining the social setting.

GUNABIBI--AN ABORIGINAL FERTILITY CULT. David MacDougall, 1971. (Australian Aboriginal Studies Series.) 30 min. color. UCA Observes the Gunabibi, a fertility cult of the Arnhem Land Aborig¬ ines. The womb of the fertility mother Gunabibi is represented by a curved pit around which the ritual events take place.

HAWAII 50TH STATE U.S.A. Cine-Pic, n.d. 25 min. color. CIPI A brief survey of Hawaiian history: origins in the Pacific, discov¬ ery by Polynesians, later discovery by Captain James Cook, visits and settlement by traders, whalers, planters, missionaries, Euro¬ peans, Asians; the monarchy, the republic, the territory, and Hawaii's present status as fiftieth state of the U.S. Also shows major landmarks.

HAWAII REVISITED. Reader's Digest, Julian Kramer, 1978. (James Michener's World Series.) 58 min. color. PYR Noted author James Michener returns to the scene of his novel Hawaii to point of the history, the beauty, and the spirit of the islands. Also available in 26-minute version and in a Spanish language version.

HAWAIIAN FEATHERWORK. Cine-Pic, n.d. 8 min. color. CIPI In Hawaii featherwork has been developed to a high degree. Ex¬ amples of past and present work are demonstrated by Johanna Drew Cluney.

HAWAIIAN FISHHOOKS. Cine-Pic, n.d. 11 min. color. CIPI A film based on the book Ancient Hawaiian Life by E. Bryan, Jr. Shows the artifacts that the early Hawaiians used before the Euro¬ peans came to Hawaii.

THE HAWAIIAN ISLANDS. Cine-Pic, n.d. 20 min. color. CIPI Reveals the impressive scenery of five major Hawaiian islands.

HER NAME CAME ON ARROWS: A KINSHIP INTERVIEW WITH THE BARUYA OF NEW GUINEA. Cultural and Educational Media, 1982. 26 min. color and b/w. CUED Shows a French anthropologist at work, using an interview technique

The Pacific

121

with five members of the Baruya tribe to explore their kinship rules. Reveals customs such as wife stealing, exchanging sisters for wives, stealing names, exchanging food for blood.

I AM FIJIAN. IFF

International Film Foundation, n.d.

26 min.

color.

Studies the population of Fiji, some of whom have roots tracing back 3,000 years. Others, such as Indians imported to increase the la¬ bor force in the nineteenth century, plus Chinese, Polynesians, and Europeans, now outnumber the native Fijians.

IOLANI PALACE: HAWAII'S PAST TODAY. Cine-Pic, n.d. 30 min. color. CIPI A tour of the Iolani Palace with description of historic events with which it was associated.

ISLAND OF THE RED PRAWNS. William R. Geddes, 1978. 52 min. color. UCA Depicts a traditional wedding on one of the Fiji Islands involving families of two chieftains. The culture is revealed through the elaborate preparations and activities: making a huge ceremonial curtain; planting, growing, and harvesting food; fishing, dancing on the burning coals.

THE ISLANDERS. Film Australia, 1968. 22 min. color. AUIS A study of the people of Torres Strait Islands north of Australia. Describes the music and daily life of the people and the impact of modern technology on their lives.

THE ISLANDS OF HAWAII.

Raw Valley Films, 1981.

32 min.

color. KAWV Gives an overview of the history of the islands, and also explores the geographical, historical, and commercial features of each of the five major islands. Directed by Jim Whitefield.

KA'U. Dennis Kull, n.d. 10 min. color. CCC A brief nostalgic history of the Ka'u district on the island of Ha¬ waii. Tells the story with old photographs showing early mission¬ aries, sugar cane operations and other details. The music is slack key guitar and Hawaiian songs by Hui Ohana.

KAUAI. Dennis Kull, n.d. 6 min. color. CCC Uses aerial photography to study the natural beauty of the Hawaiian island Kauai. The background music consists of early Hawaiian

122

Filmography of the Third World

chants and instruments as well as Western arrangements near the end of the film to depict the twilight of the unique Hawaiian culture.

LARWARI AND WALKARA. David MacDougall, 1977. (Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies Series.) 45 min. color. UCA Describes the problems of present-day Aborigines who want to keep their customs and ceremonies.

THE LAST TASMANIAN. Tom Hayden, 1980. 63 min. color. CRMM The story of the death of the last member of one of the world's most "primitive" societies. Shows the abuses suffered in the name of civilization and religion and how this entire culture and its peo¬ ple were exterminated.

THE LAST WAVE. United Artists/Ayer, MacElroy, Derek Power, 1977. 106 min. color. Directed by Peter Weir; screenplay by Peter Weir, Tony Morphett, Petru Popescu; photography by Russell Boyd; music by Charles Wain. With Richard Chamberlain, Olivia Hamnet, Frederick Parslow. ALLI An Australian feature film about a lawyer who while working on a case involving Aborigines begins to have recurrent dreams about an Aborigine prophecy that the world will be destroyed by flood. A stirring supernatural drama about Aboriginal culture pitted against the modern world.

MALBANGKA COUNTRY. David MacDougall, 1979. (Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies Series.) 30 min. color. UCA A documentary about one Aboriginal family that decided to return to the original homeland (an "outstation") following the government's unsuccessful series of attempts at resettling them in small towns with missionary schools.

MAUI AND HIS KITE. Cine-Pic, n.d. 11 min. color. CIPI A legend about Maui, a demi-god of Polynesia, who makes a kite by putting together some bamboo and tapa cloth and then uses a magic wind calabash to construct a flying machine.

MOURNING FOR MANGATOPI. David MacDougall, 1977. (Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies Series.) 56 min. color. UCA Observes the Tiwi people of Melville Island performing the colorful pukumani mortuary ceremony.

MY SURVIVAL AS AN ABORIGINAL. 50 min. color. AUF '

Goodgabah Productions, 1979.

The Pacific

123

This film was directed by an Aboriginal activist and Country and Western singer, Essie Coffey, who wanted to show the background and meaning for the fight for black identity in Australia's outback reserves.

NAMATJIRA, THE PAINTER. AUIS

Film Australia, 1974.

18 min.

color.

A revised version of a 1947 film about Albert Namatjira, a famous Australian Aboriginal artist who is a master of watercolor landscapes.

THE NAVIGATORS: PATHFINDERS OF THE PACIFIC. Sam Low/ KHET, 1983. 59 min. color. DOCE Tells the story of the fearless seafaring Polynesians who explored and settled the islands of the Pacific. Depicts how steering of canoes was done by stars, waves, and bird flights. Follows ar¬ chaeologists on the trail of these ancient people and the secrets of navigation to Tahiti, Fiji, Hawaii, and remote islands of Micronesia where ancient navigational lore is handed down from one generation to the next.

NEW ZEALAND. Lucerne, 1978. 21 min. color. LFI Points out the spectacular scenic beauty of New Zealand. Shows how it is a productive land with friendly people who believe in hard work and the importance of the individual.

NOT TO LOSE YOU, MY LANGUAGE. Film Australia, 1975. 27 min. color. AUIS Tells about bilingual education to teach Australian Aboriginal chil¬ dren to read and write in their own language and in English.

OHANA. Cine-Pic, n.d. 25 min. color. CIPI A report on the Hawaiian family system--how it functions today and what it was like in the past.

PINTUBI REVISIT YUMARI. David MacDougall, 1971. (Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies Series.) 32 min. color. UCA A study of the male initiation ceremony performed by the Pintubi tribe in Australia. Also depicts the "revenge party" dances held at night for entertainment.

POLYNESIA.

National Geographic Society, 1973.

22 min.

color.

NGS A diver-explorer and his family take the viewer on tour of the So¬ ciety Islands and a coral reef. Provides information about the natural environment.

124

Filmography of the Third World

THE RAIL WAY. Film Australia, 1979. 26 min. color. AUIS Writer Patsy Adam-Smith, author of The Anzacs, explores the variety of Australian railways. Historic footage depicts the building of the Trans-continental Railway in 1914 and the pick-a-back train of the 1950's. Shows the modern construction methods used for building a new railway line to Alice Springs.

THE RED BOWMEN. The Institute of Papua New Guines Studies, n.d. 58 min. color. DOCE "Ida," a fertility ritual, is also the central social and cultural drama of the Umeda people of the dense forest of the Waina-Sawanda district of West Sepik, Papua New Guinea. This film examines the ritual symbolism connected to the metamorphosis of the cassowaries, a type of bird found in that area.

RIFT OF FIRE. Cine-Pic, n.d. 11 min. color. CIPI Documents the rift which opened at Kapoho, Hawaii and the ac¬ companying eruption which destroyed a town and farmlands nearby.

ROBIN CAMPBELL: OLD FELLER NOW. Alex Morgan, 1979. 25 min. color. AUF An Elder of an Aboriginal tribe, the Murra Warri, reenacts and describes how he was taught as a child to hunt emu, a large flight¬ less bird resembling an ostrich, and make animal tracks. He ex¬ presses his love of his native land.

SONS OF THE ANZACS, 1939-1945. Film Australia, 1968. 79 min. b/w. AUIS A feature-length film that describes the role of Australians in World War II in Tobruk in the Middle East, on the Kokoda Trail in New Guinea, and in other campaigns elsewhere.

SOUTH PACIFIC: END OF EDEN? Reader's Digest/Julian Krainin, 1978. (James Michener's World Series.) 58 min. color. PYR A survey of the South Pacific as it moves into the modern world. Noted author James Michener shares his impressions. Shows tribes¬ men of New Guinea who still live a Stone Age existence, descendents of the H.M.S. Bounty's mutineers, the Tahiti of artist Gauguin, and radioactive atolls. Available in a shorter 26-minute version. Also available in Spanish language version.

THE SPIRIT WORLD OF TIDIKAWA. min. color. DOCE

J. and S. Doring, 1971.

50

A shorter version of TIDIKAWA AND FRIENDS that was produced for the BBC with an English narration throughout. Depicts a spirit

The Pacific

125

medium as he communicates with ancestral spirits through spirit children. Also follows him and a friend as they relax. Includes various ceremonies in which the medium's services are required.

THE STONE AGE SURVIVORS. RAY

Explo-Mundo, n.d.

52 min.

color.

Documents the Aboriginal tribes of the Central Australian desert which are gradually disappearing due to assimilation. An ethnolo¬ gist reports on his six months with the Pitjanjaras. Describes ini¬ tiation and other rites, hunting, feasting, and paintings. Available in French language version.

TAHITI. Cine-Pic, n.d. 11 min. color. CIPI A tour of modern Tahiti showing key landmarks and the lifestyle of the Tahitians.

THAT UNCERTAIN PARADISE. WGTV, 1975. 60 min. color. WNET A documentary about Micronesia, a United Nations Trust of 2,000 small islands administered by the United States. Gives details about the life of the people who inhabit about 100 of the islands. Describes the U.S. injection of over 80 million dollars annually in the region. Explains the problems of the people as they begin to feel the impact of the twentieth century on their culture.

THE THIRD VOYAGE OF CAPTAIN JAMES COOK, 1776-1780: DIS¬ COVERY OF THE HAWAIIAN ISLANDS. Cine-Pic, n.d. 15 min. color. CIPI An account of Captain Cook's third voyage depicted by means of sketches made by Webber, the official artist accompanying the ex¬ pedition. The film contrasts the old views of the Hawaiian Islands with contemporary film clips of the same scenes.

THREE DANCES BY GULPILIL.

Film Australia, 1978.

7 min.

color. AUIS David Gulpilil, the Australian Aboriginal actor and dancer, who ap¬ peared in the movies The Last Wave and Storm Boy, performs three Aboriginal dances with music. One of the numbers is the didgeridoo.

TIDIKAWA AND FRIENDS.

Jef and Su Doring, 1971.

82 min.

color. DOCE The full footage from which the shorter film THE SPIRIT WORLD OF TIDIKAWA was derived. Considered "one of the best ethno¬ graphic films ever made" by anthropologists Edward and Bambi Schieffelin.

126

Filmography of the Third World

TIGHTEN THE DRUMS: SELF-DECORATION AMONG THE ENGA. The Institute of Papua New Guinea Studies, n.d. 58 min. color. DOCE The Enga people of the Western Highlands of Papua New Guinea use body decoration as a visual language. Shows details of this body art--ingredients used, the symbolism of daily life and village ritual.

TO FIND THE BARUYA STORY: AN ANTHROPOLOGIST AT WORK WITH A NEW GUINEA TRIBE. A. Jablonko, S. Olsson, 1982. Part 1: 32 min. color; Part 2: 32 min. color. CUED Follows an anthropologist who works with the Baruya, a tribe in Papua New Guinea renowned as salt makers and traders. Looks at details of the Baruya economic system and culture. Also provides a rare opportunity to observe an anthropologist's working methods.

TO HEAL A SCAR. Dennis Kull, n.d. 26 min. color. CCC Depicts the work of volunteers to plant a bulldozed mountainside in Honolulu left stripped by developers. Shows how the University of Hawaii helped make the project successful.

TOBRIAND AND CRICKET: AN INGENIOUS RESPONSE TO COLO¬ NIALISM. Jerry W. Leach and Gary Kildea, 1976. 54 min. color. UCA An ethnographic report of the changes to the game of cricket made by the people who live on the Tobriand Islands in Papua New Guinea. The game is played for fun, but it also represents mock warfare and tribal rivalry. The players wear war paint and dance while they enter and leave the field. Female spectators are ad¬ dressed with taunting chants containing sexual innuendos.

THE TRIBAL EYE: (3) MAN BLONG CUSTOM. BBC and Warner Bros., 1976. 55 min. color. TL A visit to the jungle villages of the New Hebrides Islands to ob¬ serve sacred ceremonies. Also gives the viewer details of the Melanesian religious practices on the Solomon Islands. Written and narrated by David Attenborough.

ULA NO WEO. Cine-Pic, n.d. 30 min. color. CIPI Provides complete instructions as to how to dance the authentic Hawaiian hula.

VANISHING HAWAII. Cine-Pic, n.d. 4i min. color. CIPI The old scenes and lifestyles of Hawaii are fast-changing. This is a brief look at a few practices that are disappearing: preparation of kalua pig, cultivation of taro, and preparation of poi.

The Pacific

127

WALBIRI FIRE CEREMONY. David MacDougall, 1979. (Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies Series.) 21 min. color. UCA Observes an unusual Aboriginal ritual of penance that helps settle disputes within the community. The ritual is several days long and the culmination is an ordeal of humiliation and self-flagellation with burning twigs.

WALBIRI RITUAL AT GUNADJARI. David MacDougall, 1969. (Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies Series.) 28 min. color. UCA A report on the Aboriginal ceremony involving the singing of sacred songs and performance of various ritual acts at a place where the lands of the Walbiri and the Pintubi tribes join.

WALBIRI RITUAL AT NGAMA. David MacDougall, 1966. (Aus¬ tralian Institute of Aboriginal Studies Series.) 23 min. color. UCA The Walbiri tribe of Australia is seen in an "increase ceremony," used for fertility and initiation, that is performed in conjunction with a rock painting of a python.

WALKABOUT. Film Australia, 1975. 24i min. color. AUIS A revision of an earlier 1946 version of WALKABOUT combined with another film, TJURUNGA, to report on an Australian anthropolo¬ gist's experiences amongst the Aboriginal people.

THE WAY OF THE NOMAD--AUSTRALIA’S DESERT ABORIGINALS. Educational Media Center, 1984. 28 min. color. EMI Rare footage from an anthropological expedition in 1963, never be¬ fore released, was used to present this report on the Aboriginals of remote desert regions of Central Australia who had continued their nomadic lifestyle up into the mid-twentieth century. Shows the adaption skills they had developed to survive in this arid land: shaping multi-purpose utensils from desert trees, gathering food, making tools.

YUMI YET: INDEPENDENCE FOR PAPUA NEW GUINEA. AB/Docu¬ mentary Films, n.d. 54 min. color. FI A report on the new nation in the Pacific--Papua New Guinea. Ex¬ plores the geographic features, and the culture and feelings of the diverse peoples who live there, their mixed racial groups and their over 600 languages. "Yumi Yet" means "we ourselves"--symbolic of the call for national identity in Papua New Guinea.

NORTH AMERICA

§

GENERAL

ARE YOU LISTENING: HOUSEHOLD TECHNICIANS. Martha Stuart, n.d. 28-J min. color. MSC Depicts the problems of the 1.3 million paid household workers who lack job rights generally expected in other lines of work. Includes the many maids and cleaning women who are from ethnic minorities and who make up the urban poor.

THE BILL OF RIGHTS IN ACTION: DE FACTO SEGREGATION. Bernard Willets, 1972. 22^ min. color. BARR A report on the community factions that develop over a school bussing plan in a city that has segregated neighborhoods. Dif¬ ferences are aired: cost, integrity of the neighborhood school, and related matters. An open-ended discussion film.

THE BILL OF RIGHTS IN ACTION: EQUAL OPPORTUNITY. Ber¬ nard Willetts, 1982. Revised ed. 22 min. color. BARR An up-dated version of a film suitable for discussion. A black worker is promoted over a white. The white worker protests that he had seniority and is the one being discriminated against. The case is argued before an arbitrator. The film is left open-ended for discussion.

CITIZEN CARNEY. Walter Thomas, 1980. 47 min. color. WATH About the lifestyle of a band of American Gypsies whose work on a carnival circuit takes them from the Northwest Pacific to the South¬ ern United States.

CRISTINA PAGAN. Pablo Figueroa, 1976. 25 min. color. BFDS A drama about the healing methods of spiritualism, derived from African and Native American traditional cultures, that are used to treat mental illness in the Caribbean, as well as in Latin America and Black American communities. This is the story of conflict in one family over the experimental use of spiritualism in a New York hospital.

North America--General

129

FAR AWAY, ANOTHER CHILD. Cine-Contact, n.d. 27j min. color. CICO A Canadian film about abandoned children who come from other lands. Explains how the children usually come from mothers who live in great poverty. Gives a look at the people who adopt these children to give them a chance at a happier life.

THE KLAN: A LEGACY OF HATE IN AMERICA. Charles Guggen¬ heim, 1982. 28i min. color. FI A complete history of the Ku Klux Klan from its beginnings after the U.S. Civil War through its years of greatest prestige in the 1920's to its resurgence in the 1960's. Although archival footage traces the Klan's past history, emphasis is on the present action of the Klan against minority groups.

THE McMASTERS. Jay-Jen, 1969. 90 min. color. Directed by Alf Kjellin; photography by Lester Shorr; screenplay by Harold Jacob Smith; music by Coleridge-Taylor Parkinson. With Brock Peters, Burl Ives, David Carradine, Nancy Kwan, Jack Palance, Dane Clark, John Carradine, I. Q. Jones, R. G. Armstrong. BUDG An example of a Western with a difference--one that expresses points of view of blacks, whites, and Native Americans. The some¬ times violent drama is set in the post-Civil War period when a black man returning home from the conflict is aided by a landowner.

THE METIS. Multi-Peabody and Milton Fruchtman, 1978. 27 min. color. CRMM The story of the little-known Metis people who are descended from Indian and European ancestors from the seventeenth century in the area known then as New France. Documents important events in the history of the Metis: participation in the struggle between the Nor'Westers and the Hudson Bay Company, buffalo hunting, strug¬ gles with the Sioux Indians in the nineteenth century.

THE MIGRANTS, 1980. NBC, 1980. 52 min. color. FI Takes a look at the plight of itinerant farmworkers whose situation had been explored ten years before in an NBC White Paper. Re¬ veals how nothing has changed. Cites abuses, such as child labor, cheating migrants out of wages and benefits, poor housing, traffic in illegal aliens.

A MINOR ALTERCATION.

Jackie Shearer, Terry Signaigo, Mary

Tisco, 1977. 30 min. color. BFDS, CIGU A biracial group produced this open-ended film to encourage

130

Filmography of the Third World

discussion about racial attitudes and fears that lurk behind inci¬ dents of conflict in schools. Depicts two high school students, one black girl, one white girl, who become upset over competition to get into a computer course. Touches on the reactions of the girls' families.

OPPORTUNITIES IN CRIMINAL JUSTICE. William Greaves, n.d. 25 min. color. GRE Shows the new interest in law enforcement careers among Blacks, Hispanics and Native Americans. A variety of minority men and women are seen in positions of authority. Narrated by Bill Cosby. Sponsored by the Law Enforcement Minority Manpower Project (LEMMP).

RED, WHITE, AND BLUE AND BLACK. CBS, 1971. 20 min. b/w. UNMI CBS interviewer Mike Wallace discusses racism in the armed forces with black G.I.s in Europe. Also a black officer serving as judge tells about examples of racism he has observed, and some white soldiers describe their feelings about blacks.

RESURGENCE: THE MOVEMENT FOR EQUALITY VS. THE KKK. Skylight Pictures, 1981. SKYP Covers recent activities of the Ku Klux Klan as well as the recent events connected with the civil rights movement, the labor effort, and a new organization, the "United Racist Front." Discusses mur¬ ders by Klan and Nazi members in Greensboro, N.C.

RIO GRANDE: WHERE FOUR CULTURES MEET. 16 min. color. PHO

Art Evans, 1972.

A study in the interdependence of Mexican, Spanish, Native Amer¬ ican and Anglo-American peoples of the Rio Grand Valley. Traces how the culture of each group contributes to the characteristics of the region. Shows major irrigation and flood control projects re¬ sulting from cooperation between the U.S. and Mexico.

SO FAR FROM INDIA. Mira Nair, 1983. 49 min. color. NAIR Tells the story of two worlds and the confrontation of Indian cul¬ ture with American society as seen through the eyes of a recently arrived Indian immigrant and the point of view of his bride who waits for him at the ancestral home in India. Deals with problems, such as adaptation, isolation and reassimilation into traditional ways

THROUGH YOUNG PEOPLE'S EYES. Marci Reaven and Bienvenida Matias, n.d. 29 min. color. CIGU

North America--Afro-Americans

131

Black and Hispanic teenagers, mostly girls, are observed in every¬ day activities and interviewed for their opinions on growing up in a poor urban neighborhood. They talk about school, parties, teach¬ ers, friends, marriage, peer pressure.

WESTSIDE STORE. Barr Films, 1982. 23 min. color. BARR The story of the Severns, an inner city gang, ethnically mixed, who drop vandalism for a legitimate and successful secondhand business. With young actors directed by Amiram Amitai.

§

AFRO-AMERICANS

ACCOUNTS FROM THE LIFE. Steven Ascher and Claude Chelli, 1979. 49 min. color. STAS Follows George Wilkin, a resident of Boston's black ghetto, the Roxbury district. Reveals his conflicts with slumlords, the judi¬ cial system and alcoholism, and the embittering tensions that keep him on the move.

AFRO-AMERICAN MUSIC, ITS HERITAGE.

Albert Saparoff, 1969.

16 min. color. DANA Traces the African influence on music of the U.S. and Latin Amer¬ ica. Includes examples of drums of West Africa, a Yoruba chant and the Talking Drum, evolution of the spiritual, blues, ragtime, Dixieland jazz, the Afro-Cuban beat. Features performances by Calvin Jackson and his quartet. Discusses early figures, such as W. C. Handy, Stephen Foster, and contemporary personalities like Mahalia Jackson and Ray Charles.

ALBERTA. Stuart A. Goldman, 1982. 10 min. color. IBM Alberta Hunter, an eighty-seven-year-old blues singer, is the sub¬ ject of this short portrait. Focuses on the zest for life that kept her performing at an advanced age.

ALEX HALEY:

THE SEARCH FOR ROOTS.

Tony Brown, n.d.

18

min. color. FFTH Alex Haley talks about his work Roots and its impact on the Ameri¬ can culture. Covers how Haley came to write Roots and his experi¬ ences on a ship from Liberia when he tried to recreate the story of his forebears.

ALMOS' A MAN. Learning in Focus, 1977. (The American Short Story Series.) 39 min. color. PERS A film version of the story by Richard Wright about a black teenage

Filmography of the Third World

132

farm worker during the 1930's in the South who saves his money to buy an old gun but accidentally shoots a mule. Faced with the consequence of paying for the mule, he hops a passing train to start a new life elsewhere. Depicts the situation of blacks during this period. With Le Var Burton as the farm worker.

ALVIN AILEY: MEMORIES AND VISIONS. WNET, 1974. 54 min. color. PHO An introduction to the Alvin Ailey City Center Dance Theater. Presents major dance works of black choreographer Alvin Ailey. Set to music ranging from blues to classical to spirituals.

ALWAYS FOR PLEASURE. Les Blanc, 1978. 58 min. color. FLOF An unusual view of the New Orleans street parades from Mardi Gras to a street funeral. This is the New Orleans of the Wild Tchoupitoulas, a century-old black carnival society. Shows the lavish hand¬ made Indian costumes with which the blacks dress up in costumes as Indians at the Mardi Gras, the contrast of solemnity at a funeral parade, and the lively street party afterward.

THE AMERICAN PARADE: WITH ALL DELIBERATE SPEED. CBS, 1976. 31 min. color. PHO Explores the strength and suffering of two people, a black minister and a white judge, who stood up for what they thought was right before the 1954 Supreme Court decision ordering desegregation of American schools.

THE ANGEL THAT STANDS BY ME. Light-Saraf, 1983. 28i min. color. LISA About Minnie Evans, an eighty-eight-year-old black painter who lives in Wilmington, North Carolina. Traces her slave ancestry, her life, her visions, her religious fervor, her art. Tells of her art shows, including one at the Whitney Museum in New York.

THE ANSWER. Spike Lee, 1980. 20 min. b/w. BFDS A fantasy film about an unemployed black screenplay writer who tries to sell his scripts while running card games on the street to make enough money to eat. One day miraculously he is hired to direct an expensive remake of Birth of a Nation. He takes the job expecting to have creative input but rebels when this isn't so. The KKK turns up with burning crosses in front of his home. Our hero leaves armed with a mere knife to do battle with the outside world.

BABIES MAKING BABIES. 21 min. color. BFDS

Black Spectrum Theater company, '

1978.

North America--Afro-Americans

133

Uses the experiences of a fifteen-year-old black girl to study the problem of ever-younger girls having babies. The girl in this case explains the events that led to her pregnancy. A film about the black community by a black filmmaker.

BANJO MAN. Joseph Vinikow and Reuben Chodosh, 1978. 26 min. b/w. TEX The relatively unknown story of the black Appalachians told with a portrait of one man, John "Uncle" Homer Walker, a tenant farmer and worker in steel, coalmining, railroading, who is also a banjo player. He recalls learning his art from his grandfather, an ex¬ slave. The film explains that the banjo was the popular instrument for black musicians in the U.S. for over two hundred years.

BEARDEN PLAYS BEARDEN. Third World Cinema, 1981. 59 min. color. TWCP A portrait of the world-renowned American black artist Romare Bearden. Shows the context of black American culture in which Bearden works.

BEAUTY IN THE BRICKS. Allen Mondell and Cynthia Salzman Mon¬ dell, n.d. 29 min. color. NDF Emphasizes the positive side of life for four black teenagers who live in a low-income housing project. Reveals their personal pride, their dreams for the future, as well as the nightmares of violence in their lives.

BLACK AT YALE. Warrington Hudlin, 1974. 52 min. b/w. BFDS Explains what life is like for a black student at Yale. Focuses on a young man fresh from the streets of Philadelphia who uses his street "smarts" to immerse himself in his studies. Another student confesses to assuming the mask of a white in order to be accepted.

THE BLACK ATHLETE. Emlen House Productions, 1980. 58 min. color. PYR An account of the changing role of blacks in sports as reported in James Michener's book Sports in America. Presents early footage of Jack Johnson, Joe Louis, Jackie Robinson, and others, and ex¬ tensive coverage of the present-day scene.

BLACK DELTA RELIGION.

Center for Southern Folklore, 1973.

15 min. b/w. CESF Shows a baptismal procession through cotton fields and a sanctified urban service in which a woman is seized by the spirit. Compares a small Baptist church in Rose Hill, Mississippi with unaccompanied

134

Filmography of the Third World

singing to a service in Clarksdale, where guitars and tambourines are used.

BLACK GIRL. Barbara Wolfinger, Berkeley Productions, 1982. (The Planning Ahead Series.) 30 min. color. UCA A drama about a black teenager, a high school drop-out, who works as a nightclub waitress and dancer but longs to become a ballet dancer. She faces strong family opposition but has an ally in an older friend now in law school. A study in the black woman's struggle for independence.

BLACK IMAGES FROM THE SCREEN. John Rier, 1978. 60 min. color. BFDS Examines the 1972 to 1975 period when Hollywood produced the largest number of films and TV shows about the black experience Black leaders began to question the images being portrayed and their impact on black youth.

THE BLACK INDIANS OF NEW ORLEANS. Maurice Martinez, 1976. 33 min. color. BFDS Documents the culture and lifestyles of Afro-Amerindian people, also known as Mardi Gras Indians. Traces the assimilation of African and Native American customs, music, dance, rituals and a full account of the celebration by Black Indians on Mardi Gras Day in New Orleans.

THE BLACK MOVEMENT. Perry Wolff, 1979. (1968: A Look for New Meanings Series.) 30 min. color. FFTH A look back at the watershed year of 1968 and what it signified in the black movement. Covers Martin Luther King's non-violent ac¬ tivities, the "black is beautiful" awareness program, the riots fol¬ lowing King's assassination, the emerging leaders, such as Rap Brown and Stokely Carmichael, and the government reaction to the movement. Narrated by Harry Reasoner.

BLACK MUSIC IN AMERICA: THE SEVENTIES. Black Music Asso¬ ciation for Learning Corporation of America, 1979. 32 min. color. LEC Covers the 1970's world of black music with over seventy-five groups. Includes a wide range of stars from Diana Ross to Donna Summer. With narration by Isaac Hayes and Dionne Warwick.

BLACK POLITICS IN MARYLAND, 1870-1895. 16 min. color. DU A

Dual-Image, 1977.

The history of politics in Maryland during the post-Civil War period

North America--Afro-Americans with focus on the role of black people. Walter Gill, Morgan State University.

BLACK ROOTS IN AFRICA. color. ATL

135 Produced and written by

Atlantis Productions, n.d.

17 min.

A survey of the history and culture of Africa that are the heritage of American Blacks. Emphasizes achievements and richness of African civilization.

BLACK SHADOWS ON A SILVER SCREEN. Post Network Produc¬ tions, 1975. (The American Documents Series.) 53 min. b/w. LFI, BUDG A documentary on the black feature film industry from 1915 to 1950. Narrated by Ossie Davis. Prominent actors and actresses share their memories: Lorenzo Tucker, Lucia Lynn Moses, Freddie Wash¬ ington. Written by Thomas Cripps, Morgan State University.

THE BLACK THEATRE MOVEMENT: FROM A RAISIN IN THE SUN TO THE PRESENT. Woodie King, 1978. 2 hrs. 10 min. color. BFDS Covers the history of the black theatre movement in the U.S. since 1959. A film crew travelled across the country to document high¬ lights of theatrical groups and individuals: directors, producers, writers, and technicians. Includes footage from plays, and stock footage shot by television crews and independent filmmakers over the years.

THE BLACK WEST. Beacon, 1982. (Were You There? Series.) 28 min. color. BEA Tells about the experience of the Afro-American cowboy and the settlers of the late 1800's and early 1900's. Uses dramatic reenact¬ ments and personal narratives. Eunice Norris, raised in a Colorado settler family, remembers travel in covered wagons and on the narrow-gauge railroad. Filmed in Arizona and Colorado.

THE BLUES ACCORDING TO LIGHTNIN' HOPKINS.

Les Blank,

1968. 31 min. color. FLOF, RHA A study of the late great blues musician, who reveals his inspira¬ tion in words and music.

BONES. Beacon, 1982. 29 min. color. BEA A visit with black musician John Henry Nobles, one of the few re¬ maining people who uses dried beef bones to practice the art of rhythm. Nobles is shown in his many other roles (sage, folk doc¬ tor, man-about-town) in his hometown, Beaumont, Texas.

Filmography of the Third World

136

BOOKER T. WASHINGTON: THE LIFE AND THE LEGACY. William Greaves, 1982. 30 min. color. GRE A film biography of the great Afro-American leader. Emphasizes his adult life. Shows his influence in education and politics, and the controversies in which he was involved. Sponsored by the Na¬ tional Park Service.

BORN TO SWING. John Jeremy, 1973. 50 min. color. RHA A group of former members of the Count Basie band of the late 1930's are seen performing in a 1973 recording session. Describes what the individual members have done since the big band days. The film includes old film clips of performances.

BOTTLE UP AND GO. Bill Ferris, Judy Peiser, 1980. 18 min. color. CESF Follows a rural black couple in Southern Mississippi as they go about their daily chores. Points out traces of African ancestry as the man plays a one-strand guitar and performs bottle yodeling.

BROKEN STRINGS. L. C. Borden, 1940. 57 min. b/w. STD An example of the black feature films made for commercial exhibi¬ tion in segregated theater circuits. Noted black film actor Clarence Muse stars as a violinist who injures his hand and can no longer pursue his concert career. Some of these films have been brought back into distribution for historic interest.

... BUT THEN, SHE'S BETTY CARTER. Michelle Parkerson, 1980. 53 min. color. BFDS A portrait of the successful black jazz artist Betty Carter. Shows how political considerations prevailed throughout her career. In¬ cludes scenes of Betty Carter performing.

CASTE AND CLASS IN THE SOUTH. FI

MGM, n.d.

21 min.

b/w.

An excerpt from the feature-length film, Intruder in the Dust (1949) based on William Faulkner's novel. The segment is con¬ cerned with a mulatto Lucas Beauchamp, who is arrested for a murder he did not commit. He is saved from the lynch mob by a young white boy, Chick, who is able to prove Lucas's innocence. Directed by Clarence Brown. With Claude Jarman, Jr., Juano Hernandez, David Brian.

CLARENCE AND ANGEL. TEX

Robert Gardner, n.d.

75 min.

color.

This dramatic feature tells the story of two boys, one a black

North America--Afro-Americans

137

student and the other a Puerto Rican, in a Harlem elementary school and how they become friends in an atmosphere of frustration with the educational system. The film has been compared with French director Francois Truffaut's Small Change.

CLORAE AND ALB IE. Joyce Chopra, 1975. 36 min. color. EDC The story of two black women of today. A divorced woman with three children, who is trying to go back to high school so that she can later enter a nursing career, and another woman, who is put¬ ting herself through college after several attempts to start.

COLOUR. Warrington Hudlin, 1982. 30 min. color. BFDS A frank examination of the problem of color-class caste within the Afro-American community. Psychological conditions of two black women, one light and the other dark-skinned, are probed. Re¬ veals how color-class caste discrimination shapes the emotional makeup of the individual.

COOLEY HIGH. American International, 1975. 107 min. Directed by Michael Schultz. With Glynn Turman, Lawrence Hilton Jacobs, and Garrett Morris. TL This is the so-called "Black American Graffiti." A drama set in 1964, perhaps the final point in history when northern blacks would as yet not have been influenced by the civil rights move¬ ment then sweeping the South. Reveals what it was like to be an urban black about to graduate from a vocational high school in those seemingly innocent days.

CORNBREAD, EARL AND ME. American International, 1975. 96 min. color. Directed by Joe Manduke; screenplay by Leonard Lamensdorf; photography by Jules Brenner. With Moses Gunn, Rosalind Cash, Bernie Casey, Madge Sinclair, Keith Wilkes. TL A theatrical feature film that emphasizes the importance of truth¬ telling in the face of injustice. The story is about a black teenage basketball star preparing to leave his neighborhood for college and a big career, who is mistakenly shot dead by the police. Officials later put pressure on witnesses to make sure that consistent evi¬ dence is presented to support their defense in court.

THE COTTON CLUB.

Beacon, 1980.

(Were You There? Series.)

28 min. color. BEA Shows the lifestyle of the Harlem Renaissance era in the 1930's through the experiences of five performers at the famous Cotton Club: Avon Long, singer-dancer; Cab Calloway, band leader; Estrellita, Cotton Club showgirl; the Nicolas Brothers, child per¬ formers at the Cotton Club.

138 THE CREATION.

Filmography of the Third World Will Vinton Productions, 1980.

9 min.

color.

BBUD The black spiritual poem by James Weldon Johnson is presented in an animated film narrated by James Earl Jones. With music by David Friesen and Billy Cream. Captures the flavor and inspira¬ tion of the old-time black preacher.

DANCE THEATRE OF HARLEM. WNET, 1977. 60 min. color. WNET Officials and members of the classical dance troupe Dance Theatre of Harlem discuss the history and activities of the company. In¬ cludes performances of five selections, one of which is Dougla, a celebration of Hindu and African ritual.

THE DAYS WHEN THE ANIMALS TALKED. Beacon, 1982. (Were You There? Series.) 28 min. color. BEA Afro-American folktales, which were generally regarded as enter¬ tainment for children, have only recently achieved higher status for their role as a form of protest and as a means of passing se¬ cret messages among black people during the slavery period. A ninety-year-old folklorist who first heard stories from an ex-slave, Simon Brown, offers new insights in Afro-American folklore.

DEATH OF A DUNBAR GIRL. Henry Miller, 1974. 27 min. color. BFDS A fictional film that is also a psychodrama about two women, a mother and her grown daughter. The two women meet in an emo¬ tionally charged atmosphere. They recall their former motherdaughter relationship but argue over old wounds and hatreds touching on caste and color. The mother dies from a coronary attack. With Stephanie Miller and Louise Mike.

DEATH OF A PROPHET. Woodie King, 1981. 60 min. color. BFDS A docu-drama that focuses on the last day of black leader Malcolm X, February 21, 1965. Combines documentary and dramatic foot¬ age. Also uses interviews with important people who knew the great leader and were affected by his death: Ossie Davis, Amiri Baraka, Yuri Kochiyama.

DELTA BLUES SINGER: JAMES "SONNY FORD" THOMAS. for Southern Folklore, 1970. 44 min. b/w. CESF

Center

Filmed everywhere that James Thomas performs: juke joints, par¬ ties and at home near Leland, Mississippi. Shows the bluesman as a person and as a musician.

North America--Afro-Americans A DIFFERENT IMAGE. BFDS

139

Alile Sharon Larkin, 1982.

51 min.

color.

A portrait of a beautiful young black woman who attempts to de¬ velop a personal identity free from sexual stereotyping. She re¬ jects the prevailing images of women in U.S. society and seeks a unique style of dress and a career in art.

DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR. ... AN AMAZING GRACE. ABC, 1978. 62 min. color. CRMM Documents King's nonviolent approach to the black movement. Pre¬ sents some of his stirring speeches and follows his leadership from the bus boycott in 1955 to the events that brought him acclaim.

A DREAM IS WHAT YOU WAKE UP FROM. Third World Newsreel, n.d. 50 min. color. TWN A docu-drama that examines socially determined roles assigned to men and women in the black community and the relationship of those roles to power. Explains how women's powerlessness is the result. Also suggests that the female relationship during slavery has some influence on the role of women today.

EL-HAJJ MALIK EL-SHABAZZ (MALCOLM X). ABC, 1978. 58 min. color. CRMM Documents the life of Malcolm X, a leader and spokesman for the Black Movement. Discusses his untimely and violent death. Also available in two parts of 28 and 30 minutes running time.

THE FACTS OF LIFE. Beacon, 1982. (Were You There? Series.) 28 min. color. BEA About the life and work of black blues musician Willie Dixon (a composer, producer, and performer), who wrote seven hundred blues songs. Tells about the songs which were hits for The Roll¬ ing Stones, Muddy Waters, and Oscar Brown, Jr. Includes an interview with Willie Dixon, a performance with his band at There¬ sa's Lounge in Chicago, and dramatic reenactments from his life.

FANNIE BELL CHAPMAN:

GOSPEL SINGER.

Center for Southern

Folklore, 1975. 42 min. color. CESF A portrait of a Mississippi gospel singer, faith healer and family leader. Her revelations about her devotion and inspiration are interspersed with gospel songs and comments by her family. Con¬ cludes with singing, speaking in tongues, and a performance of the Holy Ghost dance.

FANNIE'S FILM. 1981.

Fronza Woods and the Women's Interart Center,

15 min.

b/w.

BFDS

140

Filmography of the Third World

Tells about the black working-class women of the lower socioeconomic level--in this case a widowed, older woman who cleans an exercise studio that has a mostly white clientele. With a stream of conscious¬ ness approach the woman reminisces about her past and ponders her future.

FLESH, METAL, WOOD. Floyd Webb, 1982. 10 min. color. BFDS An experimental film that explores creativity, ritual and discipline, and how a musician develops the ability to express the political, so¬ cial and spiritual experience of black people.

FOR PERSONAL REASONS. Madubuko Diakite, 1972. 35 min. b/w. BFDS A study of why a black youth was involved in a terroristic act against the New York City police. The youth's voice provides the narration over the documentary and dramatized footage showing policemen in the Lower East Side. The monologue expresses the feelings of oppression and the belief that there is no other way but violence to fight for freedom. Based on a true story.

FOUR WOMEN. Winifred Tennison, 1978. 7 min. color. BFDS In stylized movements of dance and experimental film techniques, this film expresses the spirit of black womanhood from African roots to her efforts to survive in contemporary America.

FROM HARLEM TO HARVARD. David Gifford, David Lewis, Carole Markin, and Marco Williams, 1982. 30 min. color. BFDS Follows George, the first person from his high school to attend Harvard University, during his freshman year. Compares George with his socially and economically successful roommates. Depicts George's reaction to constant pressure to compete and succeed in an atmosphere of elitism.

FUNDI: THE STORY OF ELLA BAKER. Joanne Grant, n.d. 60 min. color. NDF Explores the history of the U.S. civil rights movement by depicting the achievements of Ella Baker, a founder of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee.

GEORGIA SEA ISLAND SINGERS. Bess Lomax Hawes, 1974. 12 min. b/w. UCA Spirituals sung in the pure style of one hundred years ago on St. Simon's, an island off the Georgia coast. Songs are performed at first unaccompanied, then with a tambourine, a broom handle on a board, and dancing.

North America--Afro-Americans

141

GIVE MY POOR HEART EASE. Center for Southern Folklore, 1975. 22 min. color. CESF Delta bluesmen talk about their lives--their problems with women, poverty and the law. Features performances by B. B. King, James Thomas, and Cleveland Jones.

GORDON'S WAR. TCF/Palomar, 1973. 90 min. color. Directed by Ossie Davis; screenplay by Howard Friedlander, Ed Spielman; music by Andy Bodale, A1 Ellis; photography by Victor J. Kemper. With Paul Winfield, Carl Lee, David Downing. FI A theatrical feature film set in Harlem about a black Vietnam veteran who takes the law in his own hands to avenge his wife's death.

GRAVEL SPRINGS FIFE AND DRUM. Center for Southern Folklore, 1971. 10 min. color. CESF A portrait of black musician Othar Turner and his fife and drum music. Candid footage also reveals the combination of work and play that characterizes rural Mississippi folk society. Turner shows how to make a cane fife. Includes a performance at the an¬ nual Fourth of July picnic.

GREASED LIGHTNING. Warners, 1977. 96 min. color. Directed by Michel Schultz; screenplay by Kenneth Vose, Lawrence DuKore, Melvin Van Peebles; photography by George Bouillet; music by Fred Karlin. With Richard Pryor, Beau Bridges, Pam Greer, Cleavon Little, Vincent Gardenia. SWA, FI An amusing feature film based on a real character, a black moon¬ shiner from Virginia who became a famous stock car racer.

GREAT AMERICANS: MARTIN Britannica, 1982. 24 min. Traces the impact of the great of his friends and his widow. graphs to describe his life and

LUTHER KING, JR. Encyclopaedia color. EBEC civil rights leader as told by three Uses historic footage and photo¬ commitment to the civil rights

movement.

HAIR PIECE: A FILM FOR NAPPYHEADED PEOPLE. Ayoka Chenzira, 1982. 10 min. color. BFDS An animated film that satirizes black consciousness. Uses collage, cell animation, line drawings, and still photographs to study the relationship of those with wooly textured hair to a society in which soft free-blowing hair is the criterion of beauty. Makes fun of straightening combs and other devices.

HAPPY BIRTHDAY, DR. KING. color.

BFDS

Jean G. Facey, 1982.

28 min.

142

Filmography of the Third World

Documents the march on Washington sponsored by Stevie Wonder and the efforts to honor Dr. King nationally on his birthday. Links the march with the past--the achievements of Martin Luther King, Jr. and his death. Discusses the gains made during the civil rights movement and the future of the bill to make Dr. King's birthday a national holiday.

HATE. Trevor Haws, 1982. 25 min. b/w. OMF Examines the present-day Canadian Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, the Committee for Racial Equality, and Canadian black nationalism. Gives information about activities, opinions and leaders. Includes footage showing a Klan cross-burning in Canada, and shows antiKlan rallies and marches. Members of the various groups discuss racism, integration, communism, freedom of speech, interracial marriage, and violence.

A HERO AIN'T NOTHING BUT A SANDWICH. New World, 1977. 107 min. color. Directed by Ralph Nelson; screenplay by Alice Childress from her novel; photography by Frank Stanley; music by Tom Stanley. With Cicely Tyson, Paul Winfield, Larry B. Scott, Helen Martin, Glynn Turman. FI A feature film about the problems of an urban black family living in a ghetto.

I AIN’T LYING: FOLKTALES FROM MISSISSIPPI. Center for Southern Folklore, 1975. 22 min. color. CESF Some of the best storytellers in Mississippi tell colorful tales full of humor and authentic life. A separate version for younger students that has been edited for language and content is also available.

I REMEMBER HARLEM: THE DEPRESSION YEARS. William Miles, 1981. 58 min. color. FFTH A portrait of Harlem, the famous community in New York City. Covers history and sociology from 1600 to 1980. Emphasizes the development of the area in the Great Depression years: music, religion, sports, politics.

I REMEMBER HARLEM: THE EARLY YEARS: Miles, 1981. 58 min. color. FFTH

1600-1930.

William

Covers Harlem's early history--as a Native American fishing village, a Dutch farming community, an English colony, a wealthy suburb of New York City, and then as a growing black neighborhood. In¬ cludes old footage of the 369th Infantry after World War I and dis¬ cussion of the Marcus Garvey movement and Harlem's artistic renais¬ sance in the 1920's. Made by a filmmaker who was born and raised in Harlem.

North America--Afro-Americans

143

I REMEMBER HARLEM: TOWARD A NEW DAY, 1965-1980. William Miles, 1981. 58 min. color. FFTH An account of Harlem's decline and eventual revitalization, including the influence of the churches. People from all walks of life share their predictions for the future of Harlem.

I REMEMBER HARLEM: TOWARD FREEDOM: 1940-1965. William Miles, 1981. 58 min. color. FFTH A study of political protest in Harlem and its noted leaders. In¬ cludes a discussion of the impact of World War II, uptown gangs and social growth in the 1960's.

ILLUSIONS. Julie Dash, 1982. 34 min. color. BFDS The story, set in 1942, is concerned with the conflicts and tensions of a black woman who appears to be white and a black woman who is the singing voice for a white movie actress. The light-skinned woman aspires to be a Hollywood producer but fears rejections if she is discovered to be a black. The film is also about the power of the motion picture medium itself.

IMPRESSIONS OF PREJUDICE. Guidance Associates/Motion Media, 1974. 19 min. color. GUA Reviews the responses of various literary figures to violence, rac¬ ism, sexism, religious bigotry, and persecution of individuality. Includes passages from Carl Sandburg, Conrad Kent Rivers, William Shakespeare, Langston Hughes, Malcolm X, Lord Chesterfield, and Lorraine Hansberry.

JAZZ HOOFER. William Hancock, 1981. 30 min. color. RHA Provides an historical account of the unique American art form, tap dancing. Uses the words and demonstration of one of the major dancers in the field--Baby Laurence (Laurence Donald Jackson). Also presents old film clips to show the jazz musicians who inspired his artistic creation--Art Tatum, Charlie Parker, John Bubbles.

JEFFRIES/JOHNSON 1910.

William Kimberlin, 1971.

21 min.

b/w.

PENN, UNE Uses photographs and archival footage to tell the story of Jack Johnson, the first black heavyweight champion of the world. Shows major events in Johnson's fight with Jim Jeffries, the former cham¬ pion.

JESSE JACKSON AND CAROLYN SHELTON:

PUSHING FOR EXCEL¬

LENCE. CBS, 1976. 16 min. color. PHO Demonstrates the pride and determination that can help minorities

144

Filmography of the Third World

transform their schools and their lives. Shows Reverend Jesse Jackson, who believes excellence in schools will help minorities achieve success, talking to a black school audience, and a young black stewardess presenting the same message to minority girls.

JUDGE HORTON AND THE SCOTTSBORO BOYS. Learning Corpor¬ ation of America, 1976. 98 min. color. LEC A feature-length reenactment of the 1933 case involving nine black youths who were falsely accused of rape and sentenced to death, and later given a new trial by order of the Supreme Court. With Arthur Hill, Lewis J. Stadlen, Ken Kercheval and Vera Miles.

JUSTIFIABLE HOMICIDE. A Thiermann-Finch Production, 1978. 5 min. b/w. PHO A reenactment of an incident involving a black youth who hitches a ride with a white security guard. The result is a stolen car and the shooting of the thief. A short discussion film that encourages viewers to examine the facts and factors and ponder the role of prejudicial judgment in the tragedy.

KILLER OF SHEEP. Charles Burnett, 1977. 84 min. b/w. BFDS A fictional feature-length film that presents a powerful portrait of human survival in the face of poverty. A disturbed slaughter¬ house worker, who has lost touch with his family because of his anguish over his life situation, is being pulled in different direc¬ tions by friends and acquaintances in an environment of conflicting moral values.

KING: A FILMED RECORD, MONTGOMERY TO MEMPHIS. Martin Luther King Foundation, 1970. 180 min. b/w. TEX A comprehensive documentary about the black leader Martin Luther King's extraordinary life, beginning with his work in 1955 as a young minister and ending with his death in 1968. Many famous people comment on the meaning of King's life for them personally.

KING: MONTGOMERY TO MEMPHIS. Martin Luther King Founda¬ tion, 1970. 103 min. b/w. TEX This is a shorter version of KING: A FILMED RECORD, MONT¬ GOMERY TO MEMPHIS. Focuses on the life of King and omits the commentary by famous personages in the last part of the longer film.

KWANZAA: 47 min.

THE GATHERING OF A PEOPLE. color. KB

Abiodun Khaliq, 1982.

Over three hundred years of Afro-American history are revealed

North America--Afro-Americans

145

through animated photo montage. Then interviews and performances in concert show the meaning of the celebration of Kwanzaa. Per¬ formers include Sun Ra, Archie Shepp, Arthur Hall, and Jackie McLean. Community educators and young people discuss how they celebrate Kwanzaa through creativity. The creator of Kwanzaa, Maulana Karenga, appears briefly.

THE LAST OF THE BLUE DEVILS. color. RHA

Bruce Ricker, 1979.

90 min.

Depicts a 1978 reunion in Kansas City by many famous jazz musicians who created the Kansas City sound four or five decades ago. In¬ cludes Count Basie and his orchestra, Jimmy Forrest, Big Joe Turn¬ er, Jay McShann, Buster Smith, and others. Uses old and new foot¬ age and taped interviews to represent deceased, as well as live, mu¬ sicians .

LEADBELLY. Paramount, 1976. 126 min. color. Directed by Gor¬ don Parks; screenplay by Ernest Kinoy; photography by Bruce Surtees. With Roger E. Mosley, Madge Sinclair, Paul Benjamin. FI A dramatic account of the life of the black blues singer Huddie Led¬ better. Depicts the hard life of his early years with his sharecrop¬ per family in the Deep South, his prison sentence for murder, his life in both a Texas and a Louisiana chain gang, and his develop¬ ment as a folk singer.

LEE BALTIMORE; 99 YEARS: "WHAT MAKES A POOR MAN RICH." Odyssey Productions, 1976. 17 min. color. EBEC Focuses on an elderly man, the son of slaves, who lives in Jasper County, Texas. He reveals his views on life, his memories and love of the land.

LEGACY OF A DREAM. Martin Luther King Foundation, 1974. 29 min. color and b/w. FIM A report on the civil rights work in the fifties and sixties of Dr. Martin Luther King and the work performed on to the present by King's followers. Black leader and statesman Andrew Young and the widow, Mrs. Coretta Scott King, discuss the efforts to achieve King's goals.

THE LEGEND OF JOHN HENRY.

Stephen Bosustow, 1974.

11 min.

color. PYR, BUDG An animated short film about the tale of John Henry, the railroad worker who competes with a steam drill to finish the construction of a tunnel. Roberta Flack narrates and sings music written by Tom McIntosh.

146

Filmography of the Third World

THE LONG NIGHT. Woodie King, 1975. 87 min. color and sepia. BFDS A feature film that could be set in any Harlem-like community in the U.S. The story is about a twelve-year-old youth, living in poverty in Harlem, who spends one night searching for money that was stolen from him. During the search he finds his family. A study of the sociology of black communities.

LOSING GROUND. Kathleen Collins and Ronald Gray, 1982. 86 min. color. BFDS The humorous story of one black woman's search for identity told through a series of adventures: a trip to Puerto Rico with her husband, work on a movie set in a "Frankie and Johnny" scene, matching wits with an actor, and engaging in amusing conversa¬ tions with her mother.

LOUIS ARMSTRONG. Hearst, n.d. 13 min. color. KING The career and life of the great jazz musician Louis Armstrong. Important musical figures pay tribute to him: Peggy Lee, Billy Taylor, Fred Robbins, and A1 Hibbler.

MADE IN MISSISSIPPI: BLACK FOLK ART AND CRAFTS. Center for Southern Folklore, 1975. 20 min. color. CESF About black folk arts in Mississippi and the people who work with them. Visits seven unique artists: a quiltmaker, a clay sculptor, and others. Stresses the use of local materials, the attempt to ex¬ press what is personal and yet rooted in tradition.

MAHALIA JACKSON. PHO

Jules Victor Schwerin, 1974.

34 min.

color.

A portrait of the great gospel singer who died in 1972. Reviews her early years of poverty and her later notable career. Presents her performances of eleven songs and footage of her funeral.

THE MAN. Lee Rich/ABC Circle, 1972. 93 min. color. Directed by Joseph Sargent; screenplay by Rod Serling based on the novel by Irving Wallace; photography by Edward C. Rossow; music by Jerry Goldsmith. With James Earl Jones, Martin Bal¬ sam, Burgess Meredith, Lew Ayres, William Windom, Barbara Rush. BUDG A drama of political controversy and intrigue based on Irving Wal¬ lace's novel about a black President Pro Tern of the Senate who suddenly finds himself appointed to the presidency of the United States when the President is killed in an accident and the VicePresident suffers a stroke.

North America--Afro-Americans

147

THE MAN WHO LOVED THE STARS. Cinemonde International, 1979. 58 min. color. CMI A fictional treatment of the life of Benjamin Banneker, the selftaught mathematician who was the first American black scientist of note. Uses an imaginary day in his life to portray Banneker in an adventure involving rescue of a black man and his runaway slave wife. Based on the book by Silvio A. Bedini. With Ossie Davis as Banneker.

MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR. Chuck Olin Assoc., 1981. Second ed. 24 min. color. EBEC Discusses the influence of Dr. King on American civil rights. In¬ cludes statements by his friends and his widow plus footage and still photographs of key moments in his career. Stresses the world¬ wide legacy of his work. Directed by Chuck Olin.

MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR.--THE ASSASSIN YEARS. Centron, 1978. 26 min. color. CEN New footage with dramatized scenes is combined with historial news¬ reel coverage to describe the crusade for peace by Martin Luther King, Jr., 1964 Nobel Peace Prize winner.

ME AND STELLA. Geri Ashur, 1977. 24 min. color. PHO A visit with Elizabeth Cotten, the eighty-year-old black song writer and her guitar, "Stella." Ms. Cotten worked all her life as a do¬ mestic servant but taught herself to play the guitar and write mu¬ sic. Her songs are very popular, "Freight Train" being one of the most popular folk songs of the 1960's.

MEDAL OF HONOR RAG. J. Chopra, 1983. 54 min. color. FI A dramatic film based on a 1971 newspaper account about a black Vietnam veteran, a Congressional Medal of Honor winner, who was shot and killed during a supermarket holdup in Detroit. The dra¬ ma, written by Tom Cole, depicts a soldier in an army hospital dis¬ cussing his troubles with a psychiatrist. The revelations indicate the deleterious effect of the medal on the soldier and postwar life.

MEN OF BRONZE. Killiam Productions, 1977. 58 min. color. FI Depicts the history of black American soldiers in World War I. The 369th regiment performed outstandingly in France as seen in archival footage. Also presents interviews with some of the 369th's veterans who share their recollections.

MILES OF SMILES, YEARS OF STRUGGLE. min.

color.

BEF

Benchmark, n.d.

59

148

Filmography of the Third World

A history of the black Pullman porters, who over the years have been both praised and reviled for their work. After a rebuke by white organized labor, the Pullman porters managed to form their own union in 1925 under the leadership of A. Philip Randolph. Uses a reunion of porters, stills, old footage and a one-hundredyear-old porter's widow, who was a union organizer, to tell the story.

MINORITIES. ABC, 1977. (The American Condition Series.) 15 min. color. CRMM Documents the economic situation of black Americans today. Gives examples of discrimination that continues today. Explains what such treatment ultimately costs Americans. Narrated by Harry Reasoner.

MISSISSIPPI DELTA BLUES. Center for Southern Folklore, n.d. 18 min. b/w. CESF Mixes music with rare footage to show the fast-disappearing world of live music in which homemade instruments, voices, and electric guitars were used.

NED WILLIAMS. Bill Fertik, 1975. 14 min. color. PHO An excerpt from a three-part film on the relationship between teacher and student. This short film is about a man who teaches African and Haitian Dance. Shows him and his students at Gate¬ way National Recreation Area in Brooklyn, New York.

NO HANDOUTS FOR MRS. HEDGEPETH. North Carolina Fund, 1973. 27 min. color. PHO About a black domestic worker who works hard but cannot rise above the poverty level of existence. Shows the difference be¬ tween her life and that of her middle-income employer. Shows the frustrations, disappointments of those who have not been reached by the "war on poverty."

ONLY THE BALL WAS WHITE. WTTW, 1980. 30 The history of life in the black baseball leagues. ers who share their recollections: Satchel Paige, Roy Campanella. Tells the story of Josh Gibson, est hitter. Shows how the color line was broken Brooklyn Dodgers signed on Jackie Robinson.

OSCAR MICHEAUX, FILM PIONEER. min. color. BEA

min. color. FI Some of the play¬ Don Newcombe, the game's great¬ in 1946 when the

Carol M. Lawrence, 1982.

29

A portrait of the black American film producer-director of the 1930's,

North America--Afro-Americans

149

Oscar Micheaux, as two of his stars, Bee Freeman and Lorenzo Tucker, fondly remember him. Uses interviews, dramatic reenact¬ ments and film clips.

PASS/FAIL. Roy Campanella, Jr., 1978. 36 min. color. BFDS A fictional story about a black filmmaker who typifies the life of the contemporary artist. Actor Illunga Adell plays the leading character, a man whose documentary film in progress is stalled be¬ cause of lack of funds. As the story opens, he applies once again for a foundation grant while his family is forced to live an anythingbut-normal life to support his artistic goals.

PASSING THROUGH. Larry Clark, 1977. 105 min. color. BFDS A fictional feature-length film with eighty-seven-year-old Clarence Muse in a starring role. The story is about a young struggling saxophonist, just out of prison, and his search for "Poppa Harris," an old black musician who represents his cultural past.

PAUL ROBESON: THE TALLEST TREE IN OUR FOREST. Gil Noble, 1977. 90 min. color PHO Tells the life story of Paul Robeson--scholar, actor, singer, human¬ itarian. Depicts his refusal to compromise his principles. Includes scenes from his stage and film appearances. Also available in three parts of thirty minutes each.

PAUL ROBESON:

TRIBUTE TO AN ARTIST.

Saul J. Turell, 1979.

29 min. color. FI A film that emphasizes the role of Paul Robeson in the performing arts. Shows him as a "Renaissance" figure: a concert singer, a Shakespearean actor, an athelete of All-American status, scholar, as well as civil rights leader. Narrated by Sidney Poitier.

PIZZA PIZZA DADDY-O.

Bess Lomax Hawes, 1969.

18 min.

b/w.

UCA An anthropological examination of eight singing games played by fourth-grade Afro-American girls on a school playground: My Boy Friend Gave Me a Box, This-a-Way Valeria; When I Was a Baby, Imbileenie, This-a-Way Batman, Mighty Mighty Devil, My Mother Died, and Pizza Pizza Daddy-O. Texts of the songs are available.

PORTRAIT OF TWO ARTISTS.

Beacon, n.d.

(Were You There?

Series.) 28 min. color. BEA A visit with two Afro-American artists, Hughie Lee-Smith and Jacob Lawrence. Shows them at work, teaching a class, working on a commissioned mural. Filmed in New York City and Seattle, Wash ington, sites of their respective studios at opposite ends of the U.S.

150

Filmography of the Third World

RADIO. Black Spectrum Theater Company, 1981. 60 min. color. BFDS A lively view of the contemporary radio fad. Asks humorous ques¬ tions: Is this fad here to stay? Will the "big box" interfere with your career? Whatever happened to the small transistor?

RAINBOW BLACK. Cheryl Fabio, 1976. 31 min. color. UCA, BFDS A portrait of the life and art of Sarah Webster Fabio, a poet and black woman. Explains how she has recently moved from the printed page to public performance of her poetry with a small Afro-jazz band.

REMEMBERING THELMA. Kathe Sandler, 1981. 15 min. color. BFDS The story of Thelma Hill, a leader in black dance in the U.S. Dis¬ cusses her influence on several generations of dancers and choreog¬ raphers. Includes rare footage of Ms. Hill as performer with the Alvin Ailey Dance Theatre and the New York Negro Ballet of the 1950's and interviews with former colleagues and students.

RIGHT ON/BE FREE. Sargon Tamimi, 1971. 15 min. color. FCO Conveys the mood and temperament of black music, poetry, paint¬ ing and dance. Black artists in these fields talk about and demon¬ strate their work and their efforts to get the black community in¬ terested in the arts.

ROLL OF THUNDER, HEAR MY CRY. Learning Corporation of America, n.d. 90 min. color. Directed by Jack Smight; based on the book by Mildred Taylor. With Claudia McNeil, Morgan Freeman, John Cullum, Lark Ruffin, Janet McLachlan. LEC A saga of one black family's struggle in the poor South of 1933. Depicts how individual members try to overcome prejudice as they fight to keep the land they've had for generations.

ROOTS. Wolper Productions, 1977. color. FI

12 episodes.

47-52 min. ea.

A twelve-part series based on the book by Alex Haley in which he traced his roots from 1750 in a West African village through several generations to the post-Civil War period. With Cicely Tyson, LeVar Burton, Edward Asner, Thalmus Tasulala, Ralph Waite, Moses Gunn, Ben Vereen, O. J. Simpson, Leslie Uggams, Lome Greene.

ROY WILKINS: THE RIGHT TO DIGNITY. color. CAR •

USIA, 1978.

20 min.

North America--Afro-Americans

151

An account of the life of the civil rights leader. Traces his humble origins and his role in sit-ins, marches, and confrontations. In¬ cludes comments by Wilkins and his colleagues.

SARAH. Spike Lee, 1981. 27 min. color. BFDS A forty-ish black woman, struggling with a mid-life crisis, meets an interesting man and invites him home for Thanksgiving Day cele¬ brations. Her family acts unkindly to the man, forcing her to turn to her friend for sympathy. A study in family and love relation¬ ships.

SAY AMEN, SOMEBODY. color. UNAR

George Nierenberg, 1982.

100 min.

A celebration of black American gospel music and musicians. Ex¬ amines the careers of some of gospel's greatest performers and the spirituality of their musical expression. With Willie Mae Ford Smith, Thomas A. Dorsey, Sallie Martin, The Barrett Sisters, The O'Neal Twins.

SCOTT JOPLIN: KING OF RAGTIME COMPOSERS. Amelia Ander¬ son, 1977. 16 min. color. PYR A drama about the life story of Scott Joplin, the famous black mu¬ sician who brought ragtime piano music to worldwide notice and ac¬ claim. Some of the musical examples include "The Maple Leaf Rag," "The Entertainer," excerpts from his opera "Treemonisha." Nar¬ rated by Eartha Kitt.

A SENSE OF PRIDE: HAMILTON HEIGHTS. Monica Freeman, 1977. 15 min. color. BFDS The story of Alston Harris who encourages his neighborhood— Hamilton Heights in Harlem--to develop a sense of pride and turn around the deterioration of an old section of Harlem. Today the area is a landmark--the streets are tree-lined, the brownstones well kept--thanks to his efforts.

THE SEVEN WISHES OF JOANNA PEABODY. Learning Corporation of America, 1978. 27 min. color. LEC Butterfly McQueen plays an upbeat fairy godmother in this fantasy about a discontented young black girl who gets seven wishes from "Aunt Thelma" who magically appears on the TV screen. After a few wasted efforts, the girl learns to stop thinking only of herself

SHIPLEY STREET.

Jacqueline A. Frazier, 1981.

28 min.

color.

BFDS About a working-class family, the Wilsons, who are black and trying to be successful in the big city. Focuses on the father and daughter

Filmography of the Third World

152

who are having trouble with discrimination at work and at school, respectively. Examines family relationships, religious beliefs, the role of the family in the education system.

SIZWE BANZI IS DEAD: CONVENTIONS OF THE THEATER. Films Inc., n.d. (Drama: Play, Performance, Perception Series.) 60 min. color. FI Ossie Davis and Ruby Dee read excerpts from works of black Amer¬ ican writers. Also an actual performance is presented of a play about repression of blacks in South Africa. The performance is used as a means of introducing theatrical conventions and telling how these conventions have contributed to the illusion of reality.

SOUTHERN BLACK CHILDREN.

Steve Campus, 1975.

27 min.

b/w. CAM Southern black children are observed at play in traditional folk games. Presents music and dancing and reflects on the traditions of rural society.

SPIRIT CATC HER--THE ART OF BETYE SAAR. WNET, 1977. (The Originals: Women in Art Series.) 30 min. color. FI A report on black American artist Betye Saar who is interested in the mystical and in social concerns. Her Altar Series, for example, shows how her concerns became caught up with the culture of the Caribbean, a mix of Indian, African and European influences. In her other works, she uses discarded materials to create new images and tries to free black subjects from stereotyped contexts.

THE SPIRIT OF YOUTH. Grand National, 1937. 70 min. b/w. Directed by Harry Fraiser. With Joe Louis, Clarence Muse, Edna Mae Harris, Mantan Moreland, J. Lee Brooks, BUDG There has been revived interest in old theatrical feature films with all-black casts. In this one the former heavyweight champion, Joe Louis, played the starring role in a drama about a man who leaves his home in Alabama to find a better job and ends up as a champion boxer.

SPORTS PROFILE. Beacon, 1982. (Were You There? Series.) 28 min. color. BEA The story of a celebrity baseball player in the Negro Baseball League--Artie Wilson, nicknamed "The Octopus" for his talent as short stop. Includes reenactments of scenes from his life. Also tells the story of Alice Coachman, a high jumper and sprinter who became the first black woman to win a Gold Medal after World War II in the 1948 Olympics. t

North America--Afro-Americans STREET CORNER STORIES. b/w. BFDS A rare look bility in the store before black street downs often

SUN RA: RHA

153

Warrington Hadlin, 1977.

80 min.

at the black story-telling tradition and the blues sensi¬ U.S. Studies working men who socialize at a corner the day's work begins. Expresses the vitality of culture through the men's stories about life's ups and told with humor.

A JOYFUL NOISE.

Robert Mugge, 1980.

60 min.

color.

A documentary about Sun Ra, a musician who participated in the swing era and later became a leader of the avant-garde in jazz from the 1960's on. Presents Sun Ra in performance, walking around his neighborhood in Philadelphia, and in interview.

SUZANNE SUZANNE. James V. Hatch and Camille Billops, 1982. 30 min. b/w. TWN A film about a black family of suburban lower-middle class that is plagued by problems of child abuse, wife beating, alcoholism and drug abuse that are frequently found in American home life today. Presents three generations of women--the grandmother, mother and grown daughter--and a portrait of the long-dead father who still exerts influence over the family.

SYVILLA: THEY DANCE TO HER DRUM. Ayoka Chenzira, 1979. 25 min. color. BFDS Documents the life of Syvilla Fort, a black concert dancer who has had considerable influence on later generations of dancers. Shows her dancing, choreography and importance as a teacher and as a link between the Katherine Dunham and Alvin Ailey periods of dance. Filmed just before her death.

TAP DANCIN'. Christian Blackwood, n.d. 58 min. color. Features the jazz tap dancing and music of black musicians. The Hoofers, The Copasetics, John Bubbles and Honi Coles.

RHA With

TEN MINUTES TO LIVE. Micheaux Picture Company, 1932. 65 min. b/w. Directed by Oscar Micheaux. With an all-black cast: Willor Lee Gilford, William Clayton, Jr., Laura Bowman. BUDG An old theatrical feature film now available that is of historic inter¬ est as an example of commercial black cinema of the 1930's. The film is based on two short stories set in the Libia Nile Club in Har¬ lem, New York City--The Faker and The Killer.

Filmography of the Third World

154 THANK YOU, M'AM.

Andrew Sugarman, 1976.

12 min.

color.

PHO A Langston Hughes short story about a black youth who attempts to steal a black woman's purse. She manages not only to hold on to her purse but to take the young man home where she cleans him up and gives him some advice.

THE THIEVES.

Roy Campanella, Jr., 1979.

14 min.

color.

BFDS A short fiction film full of action on the order of Sam Peckinpah's The Wild Bunch. Tells the story of a robbery in a typical numbers bank in Harlem, where the gambling thrives. A realistic treatment of the Harlem milieu.

THE TORTURE OF MOTHERS.

Woodie King, 1980.

60 min.

color.

BFDS A documentary that re-creates the atmosphere in Harlem, New York City in 1964 when about seventy-five black children on the way home from school overturned cartons at a fruit and vegetable stand. Based on Truman Nelson's account of the case known as The Harlem Six which examines the frustration of the mothers in dealing with the New York criminal justice system. Uses original tape record¬ ings of the mothers' statements, newspaper accounts, and televi¬ sion news footage.

TRANSMAGNIFICAN DAMB AMUALITY. Ronald K. Gray, 1976. 7* min. b/w. BFDS An example of the new wave black film that draws its inspiration from the flavor of urban life. The rhythm of this humorous film evokes the spirit of black vaudeville comedy. The story is about a teenager's attempt at self-realization in a large family living in a small apartment.

TUSKEGEE INSTITUTE. Hearst, n.d. (Screen News Digest Ser¬ ies.) 15 min. color. KING A report on the educational significance of the Tuskegee Institute and its legacy as traced in Booker T. Washington and George Washington Carver.

TWO BLACK CHURCHES. Center for Southern Folklore, 1975. 21 min. color. CESF Two churches are compared: one an old-time rural church, the other in an urban setting. Gives good coverage of dynamic preach¬ ing, holy dancing, a climactic healing ceremony, and enjoyable re¬ ligious music.

North America--Afro-Americans

155

TWO CENTURIES OF BLACK AMERICAN ART. Carlton Moss, 1976. 26 min. color. PYR, MTP Surveys black art in the U.S. Traces African influences in the earlier work, the widening view of the slave period, the struggle for recognition in the nineteenth century, and the major efforts of today's artists.

UNCOMMON IMAGES: JAMES VAN DER ZEE. Evelyn Barron for WNBC, 1977. 22 min. color. FILI A documentary about one of the earliest and most distinguished photographers of Afro-American life, a man who worked in Harlem in New York City for sixty years, beginning in the early 1900's. Mr. Van Der Zee shares his reminiscences.

UPTOWN SATURDAY NIGHT. First Artists, 1974. Directed by Sidney Poitier; photography by Fred J. Koenekamp; screen¬ play by Richard Wesley. With Sidney Poitier, Bill Cosby, Harry Belafonte, Flip Wilson, Calvin Lockhart. SWA In this black version of The Godfather, two men hire a detective after they are robbed of their lottery ticket. A comedy.

VALERIE: A WOMAN! AN ARTIST! A PHILOSOPHY OF LIFE! Nafasi Productions, 1975. 15 min. color. PHO, BFDS A visit with Valerie Maynard, a gifted black woman who is renowned in the U.S. and abroad for her sculpture. Shows her working in her studio, teaching, walking down the streets of Harlem.

VARNETTE'S WORLD: A STUDY OF A YOUNG ARTIST. Carroll Blue, 1979. 26 min. color. BFDS Two women, a painter and the filmmaker (of this film), are exam¬ ples of the distinctive cultural life in the Afro-American community. Varnette's painted images combine with the live-action footage of church, school, and street to reflect the spirit of the people and culture.

VOICE OF THE FUGITIVE. National Film Board of Canada, 1978. (The Adventures in History Series.) 28 min. color. FI Reenacts the experiences of slaves who tried to escape from the southern states in 1851, some of whom made their way to Ontario, Canada.

WATTSTAX. Mel Stuart, Larry Shaw, 1973. 100 min. color. Directed by Mel Stuart; photography by Roderick Young, Robert Marks, Jose Mignone, and Larry Clark; concert pho¬ tography by John Alonzo, David Blewith, Robert Grant, Hal

Filmography of the Third World

156 Grier,

Roy Lewis, Howard Morehead,

Joe Wolcotts.

COTH Documents the musical events of the seventh annual Wattstax Festi¬ val. Presents black soul and rhythm and blues in impressive per¬ formances by such stars as Richard Pryor, Isaac Hayes, The Emo¬ tions, Melvin Van Peebles, the Bar-Keys, and many others.

WE ARE UNIVERSAL. Billy Jackson, 1971. 23 min. b/w. BFDS Documents the impact of "black is beautiful" on Afro-American art in an era when black thought was having a great influence on all art forms. Gives a broad sweep of arts groups, performances in four parts of the U.S. Black artists comment on their philosophy of art: Betty Carter, Quincy Jones, Freddie Hubbard, Charles White, Nikki Giovanni, Don Lee, Lee Morgan, and others.

A WELL-SPENT LIFE. Les Blank, 1971. 44 min. color. FLOF A visit with blues guitarist-singer-philosopher Mance Lipscomb. Includes musical performance and an intimate portrait of the man.

WHEN THE ANIMALS TALKED.

Beacon, 1982.

28 min.

color.

BEA Reverend William Faulkner, a ninety-year-old educator and folklor¬ ist, shares his recollections of stories he learned from an ex-slave which include insights into Brer Rabbit, for example. Overlooked as tales for children, Afro-American folk tales actually were used to express protest and to pass secret messages among black people during the days of slavery. Filmed in Wildwood, New Jersey and Macon County, Alabama.

WHERE DID YOU GET THAT WOMAN? Loretta Smith, 1982. 27} min. color. SMIT A visit with an elderly black washroom matron who works in an ele¬ gant establishment in the entertainment district of Chicago but goes home to her apartment in the ghetto. Through her own words, she reveals her philosophy of life, her courage and tenacity. Still photo¬ graphs and recordings by folk and blues artists provide a link to the shared experience of black women.

THE WIZ. Universal, 1978. 133 min. color. Directed by Sidney Lumet; photography by Oswald Morris; screenplay by Joel Schu¬ macher from the play with lyrics and music by Charlie Smith. With Diana Ross, Michael Jackson, Nipsey Russell, Ted Ross, Lena Horne, Richard Pryor, Mabel King, Theresa Merritt. SWA The Wizard of Oz in a black version with the setting changed to

North America--Asian Americans

157

New York. The story is about an unhappy girl who runs away from home, has marvelous adventures in a fantasy world, but final¬ ly decides that home is best of all.

THE WORLD TURNED UPSIDE DOWN. ries.) 27 min. color. FI

WNET, 1976.

(Ourstory Se¬

The story of a brave, cunning black slave, James Armistead, who as a spy helped to bring about the American victory at Yorktown in 1781.

YES MA'AM. Gary Goldman, 1981. 48 min. color. FILI A portrait of black household workers in New Orleans: lifelong re¬ tainers for prominent families, day-workers in several private homes, and a union of household workers. Interviews the workers' employ¬ ers, children, and the white children raised by the workers. Shows how the workers have adapted to the new world that has developed around them.

YONDER COME DAY. Milton Fruchtman, 1976. 26 min. color. CRMM A seventy-two-year-old folk singer, Bessie Jones, the grandchild of slaves, shares her knowledge about slave culture. She sings songs that reveal the defiance and dignity of an African people re¬ moved from all ties with their homeland.

YOUR CHILDREN COME BACK TO YOU. Alile Sharon Larkin, 1979. 27 min. b/w. BFDS A dramatic film about the conflict of two worlds--Europe and Africa --and the effect of the value conflict upon a little black girl living in the United States. The girl's aunt, who has assimilated Euro¬ pean values, wants to rescue the girl from an atmosphere of junkies, pseudo-beggars, and Pan-African fairy tales, but the girl looks to Africa for her future.

YOUR MOVE. University of California Extension Media Center, 1982. (The New Partnerships Series.) 25 min. color. UCA A drama about the conflicts that arise when a young black profes¬ sional husband and wife find their lives changed when his employer transfers him to a new city and she has to leave her professional contacts, friends and family. A study in racial and sex stereotyp¬ ing.

§

ASIAN AMERICANS

AMERICAN CHINATOWN.

Todd Carrel, 1982.

30 min.

color.

UCA

158

Filmography of the Third World

A study of the last rural "Chinatown" in the U.S., the northern California town of Locke. Traces the history of the town from 1912 --its labor camp days, its time as a middle-class Chinese-American community, and the town's present status on the National Register of Historic Places. Discusses the plight of the surviving elderly Chinese-Americans who are overlooked while politicians and real es¬ tate developers fight for control.

BECOMING AMERICAN. Ken Kevine, J. W. Levine, 1982. NDF A family from Laos, preliterate tribal farmers, await being moved to a refugee camp in Thailand, after leaving their war-torn homeland. Next they are observed as they travel for resettlement in the United States. Describes the tensions, the "culture shock," and gradual adjustment to a new home in Seattle, Washington. Anthropologists, teachers, and refugee workers also talk about the issues in refugee resettlement.

BEN DA, U.S.A. David Hogoboom, 1981. 28 min. color. CIMA Documents the problems of Vietnam refugees becoming assimilated in the United States. Shows actual refugees in a small fishing vil¬ lage on the Texas Gulf Coast dealing with negative attitudes of Americans and the pressures to become "Americanized."

BITTERSWEET SURVIVAL. Third World Newsreel, n.d. 30 min. color. TWN Discusses the resettlement of Southeast Asian refugees and the im¬ pact of the U.S. role and policy in Southeast Asia on migration. Examines problems of finding work, exploitation, tensions. In par¬ ticular, takes a look at the situation in Monterey, California and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

BOAT PEOPLE OF VIETNAM. Atlantis Productions, n.d. 20 min. color. ATL An account of the struggle of one Chinese family to become Ameri¬ canized while maintaining their traditional heritage. Tells the story of their dramatic escape from Vietnam on a boat that was cast adrift on the ocean.

CHAN IS MISSING. Wayne Wang, 1982. 80 min. b/w. Directed by Wayne Wang; screenplay by Wayne Wang, Isaac Cronin, Ter¬ rel Seltzer; photography by Michael Chin; music by Robert Kikuchi and Sam Hui. With Wood Moy, Marc Hayashi, Laureen Chew, NYF A humorous Chinese-American mystery story set in San Francisco's Chinatown. Gives insights into the behind-the-scenes world of a people whose lifestyle straddles Eastern and Western culture.

North America--Asian Americans

159

CHIANG CHING: A DANCE JOURNEY. Lana Pik Jokel, 1982. 30 min. color. UCA A film biography of an innovative American dancer whose roots are in China and the Peking Dance Academy. Explains how she left China for Hong Kong before the Cultural Revolution, became a movie star, then moved to the U.S., where she founded her own dance com¬ pany.

FIRE ON THE WATER. Robert Hillman, 1982. 56 min. color. HIL Reveals the fears of people when newcomers move in--in this case Vietnamese refugees who settle in a Texas Gulf Coast town to the displeasure of the regular shrimp fishermen there. Shows how peo¬ ple are afraid that there isn't enough to go around anymore. The role of the local KKK is examined.

FRECKLED RICE. Stephen C. Ning and Yuet-Fung Ho, 1983. 48 min. color. Directed by Stephen Ning; screenplay by Stephen Ning; photography by Paul Gibson; music by Gerardo Saurez. With J. P. Wing, Douglas Lee, Arabella Hong, Michael G. Chin, Steven Chen, T. K. Liu, Meg Van Zyl, Betty Fung. TWN Reputed to be the first bilingual Chinese (Cantonese)-English lan¬ guage dramatic film production in the U.S. Set in Boston, the story is about an American born thirteen-year-old Chinese boy who lives with his family in Chinatown. In order to open a Polynesian restaurant, the family decides to move to New Hampshire, but mis¬ understandings develop because of bilingual, bicultural conflicts between the younger and older generation.

FROM SPIKES TO SPINDLES.

Third World Newsreel, n.d.

50 min.

color. TWN A survey of the Chinese community in the U.S. Traces the history from the first examples of exploitation in building the transcontinen¬ tal railraod to the typical low-wage garment worker of today.

INSIDE CHINATOWN.

Michael Chin and David Goldstein, 1977.

43

min. color. PHO A study of San Francisco's Chinatown, the top tourist attraction in the U.S., as a community of contradictions. Examines the poverty and violence and vital issues that lie beneath the exotic facade.

JADE SNOW WONG.

WNET,

1976.

(Ourstory Series.)

27 min.

color. FI Reenacts the story of a Chinese girl who would not be content with the traditional Chinese ways for women. Shows how she worked her way through college to graduate with honors, and later achieved other distinctions as author and ceramist.

160

Filmography of the Third World

A LEAP OF A THOUSAND YEARS.

Cine-Contact, 1982.

25} min.

color. CICO An account of the thousands of Southeast Asian refugees who have settled in North America. Shows how both sponsors and refugees have had to make adjustments to bridge the cultural gap and have learned much from each other.

LIVING MUSIC FOR GOLDEN MOUNTAINS. Arthur Dong and Eliza¬ beth Meyer, 1982. 27 min. color. UCA A visit with a Chinese-American immigrant who decided to spend his life teaching Cantonese folk music to young Chinese-Americans. Traces the man's earlier years in the U.S. from the 1936 period on. Shows him working with music students and in several virtuoso per¬ formances. Also cites the problems of the elderly in San Francisco's Chinatown.

LOOSE PAGES BOUND. Third World Newsreel for WPUI-TV, n.d. 56 min. color. TWN Examines the lives and hopes of Asian Americans in the Delaware Valley. Immigrants and American-born Japanese, Chinese, Vietnam¬ ese, Koreans and Filipinos discuss the history of Asians in the U.S. and the present discrimination that keeps many Asians in stereo¬ typed roles in the work force: laundry, restaurant and factory work. Assesses the Asian-American struggle for identity.

MARATHON WOMAN:

MIKI GORMAN.

Ellen Freyer, 1981.

28 min.

color. FILI The true story of the Japanese-born U.S. housewife who became a world champion runner in her thirties. Describes difficulties of her early years in Asia and how she made a satisfactory life for herself in the U.S.

MITSUYE AND NELLIE: ASIAN AMERICAN POETS. Allie Light, 1981. 58 min. color. LISA Reveals the immigrant experience of two Asian-American women who express through poetry how it feels to try to live in a society that views them as "oriental" stereotypes. One is Mitsuye Yamada, a Japanese American; the other is Nellie Wong, Chinese American.

THE PHANS OF JERSEY CITY. Howard Street Productions, 1980. 49 min. color. FI A documentary about a twenty-member refugee family. Shows how they had status and affluence in Saigon, whereas in the U.S. they are on welfare and hold menial jobs. A film that ponders the "American Dream" in terms of what it means to newcomers in an alien land.

161

North America- -Latinos

SURVIVORS. Frances Politeo and Steven Okazaki, 1982. 58 min. color. SUFP A film about the survivors of the Hiroshima and Nagasaki atomic bombs. Includes interviews with thirty Japanese-American survivors--most of them women. This is the first English-language film in which the victims speak for themselves about the range of prob¬ lems they face.

THE WAY OF THE WILLOW.

John Harrison, Robert E. Miller, 1981.

29 min. color. BEA Follows a Vietnamese refugee family during the first seven days of their resettlement in Montreal, Canada. Examines the refugees' will to survive and the commitment of the Canadian community.

§

LATINOS

A LA GUERRA. Thomas Sigel, n.d. 10 min. color. CIGU An unusual view of the war against poverty, and against cultural and racial discrimination as fought in New York's Puerto Rican community--expressed artistically. Includes a dramatic poetry read¬ ing by actor-poet Bimbo Rivas and a glimpse of a colorful mural. This is a Spanish-English bilingual film.

AFTER THE EARTH QUAKE. (DESPUES DEL TERREMOTO.) Lourdes Portillo, 1979. 23 min. b/w. TWN An analysis of the adjustments of Nicaraguan immigrants to the U.S. Focuses on one day in the life of a young woman who has recently left Nicaragua. Depicts her attempt to be economically independent. Her fiance suddenly arrives, having just been released from a pris¬ on during the Somozo regime. The two meet at a family celebration.

AGAINST WIND AND TIDE: A CUBAN ODYSSEY. Suzanne Bau¬ man, Jim Burroughs, and Paul Neshamkin, 1982. 55 min. color. FILI A documentary on the Cuban refugees who came to the U.S. during the 1980 Mariel boatlift. Discusses the problems of food, shelter, medical attention, identification, lack of documents, and poor risks.

ALAMBRISTA! Robert Young, 1978. 110 min. color. ALLI An independently produced theatrical feature film about the plight of a young Mexican farmworker who crosses the border to find work, but instead finds a life of exploitation and hardship. A comprehensive study of illegal aliens.

162

Filmography of the Third World

BREAK AND ENTER. (ROMPIENDO PUERTAS.) Third World News¬ reel, n.d. 42 min. b/w. TWN A report on how the many families in the Puerto Rican community of New York City fought to reclaim their homes about to be taken away by urban renewal. Also available in Spanish versions.

CHICANO FROM THE SOUTHWEST. Encyclopaedia Britannica Edu¬ cational Corp., 1970. (Newcomers to the City Series.) 15 min. color. EBEC A Mexican-American boy ponders his problem of adjustment to city life after rebelling against his father.

CHILDREN OF VIOLENCE. Bill Jersey, Jim Belson, 1982. 58 min. color. QUE Adolescent violence strikes a Chicago family. The death of two members and the way the family reacts help demonstrate the strength of the family, the frustration of the adolescents, and the overbur¬ dened justice system.

CHILE PEQUIN. Barbara Wolfinger, Berkeley Productions, 1982. (The Planning Ahead Series.) 30 min. color. UCA A drama about a lively young Chicana, a university student who returns home for her father's funeral and vividly recalls the clashes she had had with her parents over her extremely restricted home¬ town. A study in the problems of young people who are trying to free themselves from family expectations.

CHULAS FRONTERAS. Les Blank, 1976. 58 min. color. FLOF Documents the joys and meaning of Tex-Mex music, a fusion of American and Mexican elements. Reflects the pain and feeling of oppression experienced by Mexican-Americans in Texas.

THE CRUZ BROTHERS AND MISS MALLOY. Kathleen Collins, 1980. 54 min. color. BFDS Based on incidents in The Cruz Chronicle by Henry H. Roth about three Puerto Rican brothers and their efforts to create a life for themselves in a small town. Unfortunately, their father, shot in a hold-up, is now a meddlesome ghost who still advises his sons. This humorous episode concerns an encounter with an elderly Irish woman who hires the brothers to renovate her house.

DEL MERO CORAZON: LOVE SONGS FROM THE SOUTHWEST. Chris Strachwitz, 1979. 29 min. color. BRAZ Explores the norteria music tradition. Presents love songs as the poetry of daily life, not to be found in written literature. Di¬ rected by Les Blank.

North America--Latinos

163

ESTAMPA FLAMENCA. Dave Ellis, 1978. 28 min. color. DAEF Famous flamenco dancer Maria Benitez is observed in rehearsal and performance with her company, Estampa Flamenca. Filmed in New Mexico, her home, where she traces the influence of the American Indian and Puerto Rican heritage on the dance of the Andalusian Gypsies.

LA FRONTERA. Victoria Schultz, n.d. 28 min. color. HUR A view of the two-thousand-mile U.S.-Mexican border as a special "third country." Depicts the relationship of Anglos and Latinos, their interdependency, their cultures, standards of living.

G.I. JOSE. Realidades/N.E.T., n.d. 20 min. color. TWN Using the experiences of one man as an example, this is a study of the reasons why many Puerto Rican men join the U.S. Army. De¬ picts how the present ghetto lifestyle and the factors of boredom and machismo make army life seem an attractive escape. However, the film explains that the realities of the Vietnam War resulted in bitterness.

GOODNIGHT MISS ANN. color. PYR A report on the point of view of has been a way predominance of

August Cinquegrana,

1978.

28 min.

world of boxing, its history and status, from the immigrants and minority groups for whom boxing of succeeding in U.S. society. Focuses on the Mexicans in the fight game.

THE HEART OF LOISAIDA.

Marci Reaven and Bienvenida Matias,

n.d. 30 min. b/w. CIGU A portrait of the predominantly Latino residents of New York's Lower East Side (Loisaida) who struggled to reclaim their own build ings after the decaying tenements have been abandoned by land¬ lords. Depicts repair and renovation efforts, the psychological benefits of the community work and the importance of the new ten¬ ants' associations.

HOMEBOYS.

Bill Yahraus, Christine Burrill, and David Davis, n.d

60 min. color. CIGU A revealing portrait of a Chicano youth gang who live in Cuatro East flats, a housing project in Los Angeles. Explores the under¬ lying reason for gang organization--mutual support and defense. Depicts the forces that influence the lives of the members.

ILLEGAL ALIENS.

Realidades, N.E.T., 1975.

15 min.

color.

TWN A report on the struggle for survival of the Chicanos who have

164

Filmography of the Third World

come to the U.S. illegally. Shows illegal aliens being caught and deported. Explores the motivation behind the Chicanos to "crash the border." Also shows how basic human rights are frequently violated in immigration regulations.

JOEY. Luis San Andres, 1975. 54 min. color. Directed by Luis San Andres; screenplay by Luis Andres; music by Carly Simon. With Carla Pinza, Jean Paul Delgado, Niger Akoni, Jan and Joseph Fonanez. BUDG When the family of a Puerto Rican boy moves from a tenement to a new apartment building under construction in New York City, he encounters hatred and harassment about his heritage. Later, he becomes a student of martial arts and finds an unexpected, non¬ violent solution to his problem.

LATINO PROFILES: LIVING IN THE U.S. TODAY. Moctesuma Esparza Production Films, 1976. 18 min. color. PHO Tries to promote positive self-concepts by presenting Latinos of varying backgrounds doing productive work, living satisfying lives. Each person viewed has used different means to get to his or her occupation: on-the-job training, night school, professional trade school.

THE LIFE AND POETRY OF JULIA DE BURGOS. res for the Institute of Ethnic Studies, n.d. CIGU

Jose Garcia Tor¬ 28 min. color.

Shot on locations in Puerto Rico and New York to depict in a docudrama the life and work of the Puerto Rican poet, Julia de Burgos, who has been acclaimed by many as the greatest contemporary LatinAmerican poet. Tells of her activity in the Nationalist movement and her self-chosen exile in New York because of political repression in her homeland.

MEXICAN-AMERICAN CULTURE, ITS HERITAGE. 1970. 18 min. color. DANA

Albert Saparoff,

Presents the history of Mexico and its relations with the United States. Also covers the impact of Mexican culture on American life. Uses the melody "La Adelita" to trace other influences--the Aztec, the Spanish, the French, the Revolutionary periods and the Ameri¬ can West. Discusses historical figures and present-day figures, such as Trini Lopez, Vikki Carr, Herb Alpert.

MIRRORS: REFLECTIONS OF A CULTURE. 16 min. color. CHU

Millie Paul, 1980.

A look at the murals of three Mexican Americans that--through their images--help Chicanos develop a sense of pride in their strong traditions and cultuf-e.

North America--Latinos

165

MURALS OF AZTLAN. Jim Tartan, 1981. 22 min. color. BRF Nine Chicano street painters are viewed as they paint murals in a show at the Craft and Folk Art Museum. Presents a cross-section of themes and styles in contemporary Chicano art.

PERCUSSION, IMPRESSIONS AND REALITY. Third World Newsreel and the Center for Puerto Rican Studies, n.d. 30 min. color. TWN The complete survey of the beginnings and development of Puerto Rican music. Musicians living in New York City talk about how traditional music plays a role in political resistance to powerful U.S. cultural influences and in helping maintain Puerto Rican cul¬ tures. Music performed by the Lexington Avenue Express, a group that performs widely in the New York area.

THE PICNIC. Carlos de Jesus, 1976. 30 min. color and b/w. BFDS The story of prison life as experienced by the Latin population. Studies a Latin prisoner at a state prison in New Jersey and the harsh life outside prison for the Hispanic population in general. Includes a look at an hour-long picnic behind bars for prisoners, families and friends.

POPI. United Artists/Leonard Films, 1969. 113 min. color. Di¬ rected by Arthur Hiller; photography by Ross Lowell; music by Dominic Frontiere. With Alan Arkin, Rita Moreno, Miguel Alejandro, Ruben Figuero. BUDG An ethnic comedy about the adventures of an ambitious man in the teeming Puerto Rican ghetto of New York city. His plan is to move his children out of Spanish Harlem once and for all. When he reaches Miami, however, his scheme takes an unexpected turn.

RETRATOS. Stewart Bird, 1979. 53 min. color. CIGU Explores the lives of four people from New York City's Puerto Rican community: a musician, a woman raising a family of twelve, a young welfare mother of one, and a political organizer whose work deals with the problems of others.

EL SANTUARIO DE CHIMAYO. color, A revealing visit an old ments from

Russell R. Adams, n.d.

2i min.

silent. CCC visual study of people in Northern New Mexico who church seeking cures for illness and physical impair¬ a special dirt used for healing.

SHORT EYES.

Film League, 1977.

104 min.

color.

Directed by

166

Filmography of the Third World

Robert M. Young; music by Curtis Mayfield. With Bruce Davi¬ son, Jose Peres. COTH A film based on the 1973 play by the first Puerto Rican playwright to gain a wide recognition, Miguel Pinero. A white man is im¬ prisoned and learns firsthand about the tensions and racial hier¬ archy that exist behind bars.

THE SPANISH IN THE SOUTHWEST. Capricorn Film Productions, 1979. 13 min. color. PHO Illustrates how Spanish priests and conquistadors came to the U.S. 120 years before the British settled Jamestown and claimed almost half the total country. Traces three hundred years of SpanishIndian influence on American life. Shows the importance of the culture.

STRUGGLE FOR LOS TRABAJOS. William Greaves, 1975. 35 min. color. GRE The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission is seen in action re¬ sponding to a complaint of job discrimination in this dramatic re¬ construction that uses role-playing techniques. Shows the process of investigation and conciliation. In this case, an applicant for a job is turned down by a company official, and the applicant feels it is because he has a Spanish surname.

EL SUPER. New Yorker, 1979. 90 min. color. In Spanish with English subtitles. Directed by Leon Ichaso, Orlando Jimenez Leal; screenplay by Raymundo Hidalgo Gato, Reynaldo Medina. NYF A humorous but realistic drama about a Cuban exile, a superintend¬ ent in a New York City apartment house, who yearns for better things. A revealing portrait of Hispanic culture.

TO BE SOMEBODY. Atlantis Productions, 1974. 29 min. color. ATL Tells how a young Mexican-American woman feels when she searches for a job in an Anglo world.

THE TWO WORLDS OF ANGELITA. color. FRF

Jane Morrison,

1983.

73 min.

The fictional but revealing account of a young Puerto Rican family caught in a confrontation between Puerto Rican and American cul¬ tures. The story, which is told from the nine-year-old daughter's point of view, starts out in a small Puerto Rican town and ends in the barrios of New York's lower east side. With dialogue in Eng¬ lish and Spanish. »

North America--Native Americans

167

VIVA LA CAUSA. Kartemquin Films, 1974. 12 min. color. KAR Depicts the Chicanos involved in painting a mural in their Chicago community. Describes the roots of the mural movement in Mexico, which has produced many world famous murals. Various Latinos look at and comment on the significance of the mural for themselves.

WE'RE MOVING UP: THE HISPANIC MIGRATION. NBC, 1980. 80 min. color. FI A report on the fastest-growing minority in the United States. By 1990 Hispanics will surpass blacks as the largest minority in the U.S. Shows where Hispanics come from, what they do. Describes their problems and future role as a force in society.

§

NATIVE AMERICANS

AKWESASNE: ANOTHER POINT OF VIEW. Robert Stiles and John Akin, 1981. 28 min. color. ICF A report on the Mohawk Indians--how they are handling their prob¬ lems of survival. Reveals social, political, and legal obstacles faced by the Mohawks in their struggle to preserve the Mohawk heritage.

ALICE ELLIOTT. University of California Extension Media Center, 1977. 11 min. color. UCA A look at the life and work of a Porno Indian woman who is one of the last surviving basketmakers of the group.

THE AMERICAN INDIAN SPEAKS. Encyclopaedia Britannica Educa¬ tional Corp., 1973. 23 min. color. EBEC Made in collaboration with Stan Steiner, author of The New Indians. A powerful statement by Native Americans about their people and culture and the white man's role in their future. Visits the Mus¬ kogee Creek, Sioux and Nisqually people in their reservations. Poetic Indian speeches are interpreted by Chief Dan George.

AN ANCIENT GIFT. Tellens for the Museum of Northern Arizona, n.d. 18 min. color. UCA Studies the interdependence of the Navajo people and their flocks of sheep. Shows the role of the sheep in the Navajo social life and culture, and as source of food for the Navajos. Sheep are con¬ sidered a gift from Mother Earth (known to them as the Changing Woman).

ANNIE MAE--BRAVEHEARTED WOMAN. 84 min.

color.

BRBP

Lan Brookes Ritz, 1981.

Filmography of the Third World

168

About Annie Mae Aquash, a young Native American whose dedication to social change resulted in her death. Tells of current Native American history--the Wounded Knee occupation and the killing of two FBI agents on the Pine Ridge Reservation.

ARROW TO THE SUN.

Gerald McDermott, 1973.

12 min.

color.

TEX An animated film treatment of the Acoma Indian legend about a boy who endures four trials to prove his father is the "Sun God" and then returns to earth to use his wisdom and power.

AT THE TIME OF WHALING.

Sarah Elder and Leonard Kamerling,

n.d. 38 min. color. DOCE Shows the Yupik-speaking community on St. Lawrence Island in the Bering Sea as they hunt whales during their three-week migration through the Bering Channel using both traditional organization and new technology--motors and darting guns.

AUGUSTA.

National Film Board of Canada,

1978.

17 min.

color.

PHO Traces the life of an Indian woman, the daughter of a Shuswap chief, who was separated from her family at an early age and lost her identity as an Indian. Also shows her today at age eightyeight living alone in the Cariboo country of British Columbia.

BEADS AND LEATHER OF MANITOBA. North American Indian Films, n.d. (North American Indian Arts and Crafts Film Series.) 10 min. color. NORA Illustrates how a Swampy Cree Indian makes leather clothing deco¬ rated with beadwork. Available in English, French, and Cree lan¬ guage versions.

BIRCH BARK BITING BY ANGELIQUE MIRASTY . North American Indian Films, n.d. (North American Indian Arts and Crafts Film Series.) 6 min. color. NORA A Cree Indian woman who lives on an island in Amisk Lake in Can¬ ada creates designs of nature with this rare technique of biting birch bark. Available in English and French language versions.

THE BLACK INDIANS OF NEW ORLEANS. Maurice Martinez, 1976. 33 min. color. BFDS Documents the culture and lifestyles of Afro-Amerindian people, also known as Mardi Gras Indians. Traces the assimilation of Afri¬ can and Native American customs, music, dance, rituals and a full account of the celebration by Black Indians on Mardi Gras Day in New Orleans. r

North America--Native Americans BROKEN TREATY AT BATTLE MOUNTAIN. 60 min. color. CIGU

169 Joel L. Freedman, 1973.

Narrator Robert Redford presents the story of the Western Shosone Indians of Nevada and their efforts to regain the 24 million acres they claim were stolen from them by the U.S. government. The Shosones explain their religious beliefs and discuss their respect for nature, the meaning of their rituals, and traditional methods of hunting.

THE BUFFALO STORY. University of Illinois, n.d. color. MC, UWI, UIL

28 min.

Describes the importance of the buffalo in the life of American Indians: for food, clothing, shelter. Also Chief Basil White Eagle, a Mohawk Indian, is the narrator for a report on Indian culture which uses appropriate background music, a campfire set¬ ting, painting, sculpture, to bring Indian lore and history to life.

CARVING OUT A LEGEND. Lynx Film Productions, n.d. 17 min. color. NORA A visit with a noted Mohawk Indian sculptor who specializes in work with antler and bone. He discusses his point of view and shows his exceptional carvings to the accompaniment of Indian poetry and ceremonial songs.

A CENTURY OF SILENCE ... PROBLEMS OF THE AMERICAN INDIAN. Atlantis Productions, n.d. 28 min. color. ATL A film that relates the past one hundred years of contact with white culture to the problems of the American Indian today.

A CEREMONIAL PIPE BY GUY SIWI. North American Indian Films, n.d. (North American Indian Arts and Crafts Series.) 10 min. color. NORA Guy Siwi, an Abenaki Indian noted for making beautiful jewelry and pipes, is shown making a "calumet" or peace pipe. Available in English, French and Abenaki language versions.

THE CHACO LEGACY. Public Broadcasting Associates, 1980. 58 min. color. DOCE Shows how modern archaeology is exploring the mystery of why the Chacoan culture flourished but quickly disappeared. Shows how over 900 years ago the people of Chaco Canyon, New Mexico en¬ gaged in monumental building projects--an extensive water-control system, a network of roads, and the 800-room Pueblo Bonito--and then decided to spread out over 40,000 square miles.

Filmography of the Third World

170 CHEROKEE.

Document Associates, n.d.

(The Native Americans

Series.) 26 min. color. CIGU An account of the present-day Cherokee's struggle to preserve his native traditions. Visits the reconstructed village in Tsa-La-Gi, North Carolina where the remaining Cherokee manage to exist. Presents a view of ceremonies and activities of the past.

CHILDREN OF THE LONG-BEAKED BIRD.

Peter Davis and Swedish

Television, 1975. 29 min. color. BUFI A portrait of a Native American family that lives near the battlefield at Little Big Horn where Custer and his troops fought the Indians in 1876. Follows a twelve-year-old Indian boy in his daily life show¬ ing how American he is in tastes and interests even though he main¬ tains his Native-American heritage.

CIVILIZED TRIBES. Document Associates, 1976. (The Native Americans Series.) 26 min. color. CIGU A report on the past and present of the five "civilized tribes," the Seminoles, Choctaw, Creek, Chicaksaw, and Cherokee peoples, who live in the southeastern United States. Studies the fight of the Seminoles to remain on their land and takes a look at one of their reservations in Hollywood, Florida. Discusses the poverty, illness, and unemployment the Seminoles must face.

COMPLETING OUR CIRCLE.

Milton Fruchtman, 1978.

27 min.

color. CRMM A visual portrait of the Plains and West Coast Indians, the Inuit, and the early European settlers, as detailed through carvings and other art. Shows the Plains Indians' leather art and Inuit carvings on soapstone and ivory.

CONQUISTA. Alan Landsburg, 1975. 16 min. color. GUA A story about what might have happened when a Native American came upon the first horse ever seen in the West. Explains how the histories of the Indian and the West were altered forever from that confrontation. Narrated by Richard Boone.

A CORN HUSK DOLL BY DEANNA SKYE. North American Indian Films, n.d. (North American Indian Arts and Crafts Film Ser¬ ies.) 11 min. color. NORA A Cayuga Indian woman is shown making a corn husk doll. She is one of the few still performing this traditional craft. Available in English, French and Cayuga language versions.

CORN IS LIFE. Tellens for the Museum of Northern Arizona, n.d. 19 min. color. UCA >

North America--Native Americans

171

Explains the major role of corn in the life of the Hopi people who live in the mesas overlooking the Northern Arizona desert. Tradi¬ tional practices connected with corn are explained: everything from naming a newborn child with its "mother ear of corn" to pre¬ paring seed, planting, cultivating, harvesting, and grinding the corn.

CROW DOG. CIGU

Mike Cuesta and David Baxter, n.d.

57 min.

color.

A portrait of the Sioux medicine man Leonard Crow Dog, the spir¬ itual leader of eighty-nine American tribes. In his youth Crow Dog was kept away from outside influences in order to preserve his knowledge and practice of ancient ways, as the "keeper of all things sacred."

DINSHYIN. 22 min.

University of California Extension Media Center, 1974. color. UCA

Traces the history of the peoples who have lived in the area of the Canyon de Chelly in Northeastern Arizona. Emphasis is on the Navajo who moved into the area 700 years ago. Uses Indian art to illustrate the myths and legends described.

THE DIVIDED TRAIL: A NATIVE AMERICAN ODYSSEY. Jerry Aronson, 1978. 33 min. color. PHO This documentary follows two Chippewa Indians, a man and his sister, who along with a friend migrate from Northern Wisconsin reservations to Chicago slums. Examines the pressures of urban life on tribal identity and other problems connected with the fed¬ eral government's encouragement of Native Americans to leave home. Filmed over a period of eight years.

EMERGENCE. Walter Verbanic, n.d. 35 min. color. CAR Tells the history and present deplorable conditions of the Potawatami Indians who live in Kansas and what they are doing to improve their living conditions. Depicts how the Potawatami people have purchased a Jesuit college, which stands on their former land site, so that they can create homes and farms.

THE ESKIMO: FIGHT FOR LIFE. CBS, 1970. 51 min. color. EDC A report on a migration of a band of Netsilik Eskimos who live north of Hudson Bay. Observes six families setting up camp, hunt¬ ing, building a ceremonial igloo, enjoying the ritual sharing of food. Shows the patience and hard work of the people, one of the last Stone Age societies about to be transformed by contact with modern technology.

172

Filmography of the Third World

ESKIMO OLYMPICS. Skip Blumberg, 1983. 30 min. color. BLUM A fast-paced film about ancient sports, such as the blanket toss, knuckle hop, high kicks, four-man carry, whale blubber eating and seal skinning contests as performed by modern Eskimos and Indians in Alaska. The World Eskimo-Indian Olympics held annually in Fair¬ banks is based on the centuries-old Native American tradition in the Arctic of meeting regularly to compete in these games.

THE ESKIMOS OF POND INLET. Granada Television, n.d. (Dis¬ appearing World Series.) 52 min. color. GTI Contrasts the present life of the Eskimos as wage-earners with children attending government school in Pond Inlet with their for¬ mer life in earth-and-stone houses in which they lived as seminomadic hunters. Examines their way of life in Baffin Island, Canada.

FIESTA. Diana Colson, n.d. 8 min. color. MC, UWI, UIL A young visitor in an Indian village observes a fiesta in progress. Shows dancers, costumes, food, mariachi musicians, a man-powered carousel, fireworks at night.

FISHERMAN OF THE KUSKOKWIM.

Lawrence M. Brayton, n.d.

6 min. color. FMCO This film was produced for the Eskimo fishermen of southwestern Alaska to help them fight for rights to fish commercially for the chum salmon. Tells of the changing needs that accompany changes of lifestyle. Today's Eskimos need the salmon for cash rather than for subsistence as in the old days.

THE FORGOTTEN AMERICAN. CBS, 1972. 25 min. color. CAR Documents the exploitation of the Native Americans by the white men. Illustrates the poor conditions today--minimal food and hous¬ ing, substandard educational facilities, severely limited opportunity for employment. Filmed in the Southwest and in Los Angeles and Chicago. Commentary provided by Stewart Udall, former Secretary of the Interior and Bob Davis, a representative of the Seneca tribe

FORT ALBANY CARVER, LAWRENCE MARK. North American Indian Films, n.d. 14 min. color. NORA A Cree Indian who lives near the shores of James Bay in Canada uses driftwood to carve brids and animals. Demonstrates how he carves an owl, known in Cree as "Popanageso." Available in Eng¬ lish and French language versions.

FROM THE FIRST PEOPL1J. Sarah Elder and Leonard Kamerling, n.d. 45 min. color. ' DOCE

North America--Native Americans

173

Observes changing life in Shungnak, a village in Northwestern Alaska. Shows fishing under ice, constructing a mudshark trap, hitching huskies to a sled, travelling by snowmobile, preparing mukluks for white people to wear.

HAA SHAGOON. Joseph Kawaky, n.d. 29 min. color. UCA Depicts a day of Tlingit Indian ceremony. The highlight is the sacred peace ritual which is performed to express the past, pres¬ ent , and future of the Tlingit people whose ancestral home is along the Chilkoot River in Southeast Alaska. One Tlingit elder helps interpret their history and culture for the film.

HAUDENOSAUNEE: WAY OF THE LONGHOUSE. John Akin, 1982. 13 min. color. ICF

Robert Stiles and

An account of the principles and concepts by which the onethousand-year-old League of the Haudenosaunee (the Six Nation Iroquois Confederacy) functions. Also shows the people in various activities: at work, in school.

HOPI: SONGS OF THE FOURTH WORLD. min. color. FERF

Pat Ferrero, 1983.

58

A poignant, probing look at the philosophy of life of the Hopi peo¬ ple. Examines the idea of living in balance with nature. Compares the seasonal cycles, such as the growth of corn, with human experi¬ ence. Explores the home of the Hopi high on the mesa tops in Ari¬ zona where these Native Americans have lived for over 1,000 years.

HOPIS--GUARDIANS OF THE LAND. Dennis Burns, 1971. 9 3/4 min. color. FCO Explains how the philosophy of the Hopi Indians is concerned with care of the land and how their sacred land is now being desecrated. Illustrates how the Hopis' traditional lifestyle is threatened.

HOUSE MADE OF DAWN. New Line, 1972. 91 min. color. Di¬ rected by Richardson Morse. With Larry Littlebird, John Saxon. NLC A film based on Pulitzer-Prize winner N. Scott Momaday's book on the American Indians. A lyrical, poetical treatment of the plight of Native Americans in the U.S. today.

HOW THE WEST WAS LOST. Document Associates, n.d. (The Na¬ tive Americans Series.) 26 min. color. CIGU Discusses the white man's quest for land and the fight of the Plains Indians to save their homelands. Visits the Blackfeet Reservation in Montana to view the annual Indian Days celebration that includes a powwow, rodeo and games.

174 HUNTERS OF THE SEAL.

Filmography of the Third World WGBH, 1976.

(Nova Series.)

30 min.

color. TL A report on the Netsilik Eskimos, formerly a nomadic people who existed via seal hunting, who now live in houses in Pelly Bay, Canada where they no longer have to hunt because provisions are flown in to their community. Explores the impact of modern values on the young who are losing their ancestral traditions.

I HEARD THE OWL CALL MY NAME. Daryl Duke, 1973. 78 min. color. Directed by Daryl Duke. With Tom Courtenay, Dean Jagger. LEC A feature-length drama about an Anglican priest who lives among the Indians in a remote village in British Columbia, Canada. Al¬ though he doesn't know that he is terminally ill, his relationship with the Indians leads to a spiritual awakening that prepares him for life and his own eventual death. Based on the book by Mar¬ garet Craven.

I WILL FIGHT NO MORE FOREVER. Wolper, 1975. 106 min. color. Directed by Richard T. Effron. With James Whitmore, Sam El¬ liot, Ned Rorem. BUDG, FI A drama about the 1877 military attack against the Nez Perce tribe, one of the last fights for survival by Native Americans in the U.S. Depicts the courage of Chief Joseph and his warriors, and the con¬ flicting emotions of General Oliver Custis Howard.

IN OUR OWN BACKYARDS: URANIUM MINING IN THE U.S. Susanna Styron, 1981. 29 min. color. BUFI Examines the effect of uranium mining and milling on the health and environment in a Navajo Reservation.

INDIAN BOY IN TODAY'S WORLD. Coronet, 1971. 13 min. color. COR Follows a nine-year-old boy of the Makah Indian group as he moves from the reservation to settle in Seattle, Washington. Explains the challenge of life in a non-Indian world.

INDIAN COUNTRY? Document Associates, n.d. (The Native Amer¬ icans Series.) 26 min. color. CIGU Examines the militancy among the younger American Indians. Re¬ views activities to try to change government policy regarding the Indians, efforts to preserve Native American culture. Examines contemporary Indian life.

INDIAN CRAFTS: HOPI, NAVAJO, AND IROQUOIS. man, n.d. 11 min. color. PHO

Nancy Creed-

North America--Native Americans

175

Shows the crafts of three Native American groups in the U.S.: the Hopi, Navajo and Iroquois. Illustrates the features of their basket-making, pottery-making, kachina carving, weaving, jewelry¬ making, and mask carving.

INDIAN HEROES OF AMERICA. Atlantis, n.d. 17 min. color. ATL Gives the brief life stories of seven important Indian heroes, cover¬ ing a period of 300 years in the U.S. from the arrival of the white man to the final fall of Native Americans.

INDIAN RIGHTS, INDIAN LAW. Joseph and Sandra Consentino, n.d. 60 min. color. KARO Describes some of the important court cases through which Native Americans have been reasserting their rights: land claims, fishing and water rights, enforcement of the federal government's obliga¬ tions to tribal groups. Explores the reasons why land resources and tribal sovereignty preserve Indian identity.

THE INDIANS. Barbra Productions for the State Historical Society of Colorado, 1972. 31 min. color. GUA A report on Indian life and culture in Colorado before, during and after the white people came, exploring the contrast of cultures, lifestyles.

IROQUOIAN POTTERY BY BILL PARKER. North American Indian Films, n.d. (North American Arts and Crafts Film Series.) 18 min. color. NORA One of the few remaining craftsmen using ancient Iroquois methods is observed at his home in the Golden Lake Reserve in Canada creating a traditional water jug. Available in English and French language versions.

JOE DAVID--SPIRIT OF THE MASK.

Seawolf Films, 1982.

24 min.

color. KEN Gives a view of the new vitality in Native-American communities in North America, using Joe David, a West Coast artist, as example. He reflects on his life and demonstrates how he carves a wolf head¬ dress from a block of cedar. He is seen wearing the headdress as a ceremonial mask in a dance he performs at the end of the film.

JOE JACOBS--STONE CARVER. North American Indian Films, n.d. (North American Indian Arts and Crafts Film Series.) 10 min. color. NORA A visit with a Cayuga Indian as he carves the "Crystal Bear" of

Filmography of the Third World

176

legend. Tells how he came to take up carving. lish, French and Cayuga language versions.

Available in Eng¬

JOHNNY FROM FORT APACHE. Encyclopaedia Britannica Educa¬ tional Corp., 1971. (Newcomers to the City Series.) 15 min. color. EBEC Follows an Apache family that tries to make the adjustment to city life after their move from the reservation.

JOSHUA'S SOAPSTONE CARVING. Coronet, 1982. 22i min. color. COR Explores the life of the Eskimo or Inuit people through the fishing, hunting and trapping activities of an Eskimo youth. Shows how the carving of bone, ivory, and stone for utensils and tools has given way to carving soapstone sculptures to sell.

KLEENA. Macubah Productions, 1981. 20 min. color. CANF A group of Kwakiutl Indians from British Columbia, Canada make a trip to hereditary fishing grounds to catch and render smelts to make grease (kleena). Stresses the importance of kleena to the Kwakiutl people.

'KSAN. British Columbia Department of Travel Industry, 1973. 27 min. color. UNE The story of the downfall of the Gitskan Indians of British Colum¬ bia and their current efforts to maintain their traditional art and culture at 'Ksan, a re-created Indian village situated where the Skeena and Bulkley Rivers meet.

LAST CHANCE FOR THE NAVAJO. CRMM, NACC

ABC, 1978.

27 min.

color.

The story of the Navajo people and how they deal with economic problems, such as few sources of income and overgrazed land. Shows what the Navajos are trying to do to help themselves while carefully maintaining their traditions.

LEGEND DAYS ARE OVER. PYR

Robert Primes, n.d.

4 min.

color.

A visual essay using images and sounds to depict the now lost In¬ dian way of life and the cultural shock of moving from the tradi¬ tional into the modern life. Filmed on the Nez Perce Reservation during the recording of Beaver and Krause's synthesized sound album. Narration is provided by a ninety-one-year-old NativeAmerican woman.

North America--Native Americans

177

LETTER FROM AN APACHE. Barbara Wilk, 1982. Hi min. color. WILK This animated film tells the true story of an Apache who lived in the late 1800's and who was captured, sold and brought to Chicago where he became a doctor. Explains how he returned to help his people. Line drawing is in the Indian style of the nineteenth cen¬ tury. Reveals the tragic story of many Native Americans of the period.

LUCY COVINGTON: NATIVE AMERICAN INDIAN. Odyssey Pro¬ ductions, 1978. (The American Character Series.) 16 min. color. EBEC A visit with Native-American Lucy Covington, a leader of the Col¬ ville Indians, who retells the history of her people as handed down through oral tradition. Filmed on the reservation in northern Wash¬ ington. Includes rare photographs, music, language of the Colville people.

LUMAAQ--AN ESKIMO LEGEND.

National Film Board of Canada,

1975. 8 min. b/w. NFBC Tells a legend of the Povungnituk Inuit. animated to bring the Inuit story to life. and artwork. No commentary.

MAGIC IN THE SKY.

An artist's drawing is Contains dialogue, music

Arthur Hammond, 1982.

57 min.

color.

NFBC Studies the impact of television on the Inuit people of the Arctic region and how they became determined to establish their own Inuit television network, INUKSHUK. Follows a group of Inuit TV producers as they try to protect their language and culture through this powerful medium of telecommunication.

A MALECITE FANCY BASKET. North American Indian Films, n.d. (North American Indian Arts and Crafts Film Series.) 12 min. color. NORA Illustrates how the Malecite Indians from the Kingsclear Reserve in Canada make baskets in the traditional way from black ash and sweet grass. Available in English, French and Malecite language versions.

THE MAN AND THE GIANT. National Film Board of Canada and the Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development, 1978. 8 min. color. PHO Shows the Inuit people acting out an Inuit legend, accompanied by their throat-singing, "Katadjak." The story concerns a hunter

178

Filmography of the Third World

who is stalked by an overwhelming presence and captured. He frees himself and changes from victim to aggressor. Reveals a culture in which humankind struggles with primeval forces.

MARIA OF THE PUEBLOS. Centron, 1971. 15 min. color. CEN The last film of Maria Martinez before her death. A study of how she discovered by accident the long-forgotten secret method for making iridescent pottery. By her generous sharing of the tech¬ nique with her people she raised their standard of living. Covers the culture, philosophy and economic status of the Pueblo Indians of San Ildefonso, New Mexico.

MESA VERDE: MYSTERY OF THE SILENT CITIES. Encyclopaedia Britannica Educational Corp., 1975. 14 min. color. EBEC Explores the remains of the Pueblo culture of the American South¬ west that disappeared about A.D. 1300 after flourishing for several centuries. Uses the deserted cities to reconstruct the probable lifestyle of the Pueblo people. Made in cooperation with the Depart¬ ment of the Interior, National Park Service.

A MICMAC SCALE BASKET. North American Indian Films, n.d. (North American Indian Arts and Crafts Film Series.) 12 min. color. NORA Gives a look at splint basketmaking out of black ash which has been performed by the Micmac Indians of Canada for hundreds of years. Two Native Americans from the Shubenacadie Reserve are viewed creating a traditional scale basket, one of many designs they pro¬ duce for various needs. Available in English, French, and Micmac language versions.

MOCCASIN FLATS. ITFE

International Tele-Film, n.d.

28 min.

color.

A visit to a Cree village called "Moccasin Flats." Contrasts the problems of these Native Americans with their rich heritage. Dis¬ cusses how Canada views the social conditions of the Crees.

MOHAWK BASKETMAKING: A CULTURAL PROFILE. Frank Semmens, 1979. 28 min. color. IMFP Presents the ancient art of Mohawk basketmaking. Traces the en¬ tire process: cutting trees, pounding logs, dyeing and weaving splints. Filmed at the St. Regis Reservation in northern New York where artisans are struggling to keep the basketweaving tradition alive.

MOHAWK POTTER.

B. T. Film Sound, 1979.

18 min.

color.

NORA

North America--Native Americans

179

Shows the work of a Mohawk Indian woman from the Six Nations Re¬ serve in Ontario, Canada who combines traditional cultural symbols with modern methods to make pottery of great beauty. Directed by Geoff Voyce. Sponsored by National Indian Arts and Crafts Corpor¬ ation .

THE MONUMENT OF CHIEF ROLLING MOUNTAIN THUNDER. Light Saraf Films, 1983. 28 min. color. LISA About Chief Thunder, age 71, a Native-American folk artist who lives with his young wife and children in a concrete and stone house in which he works on sculptures that portray Indian heroes, family and friends. Depicts through his work the tragedy of his life and his creativity.

A MOON MASK BY FREDA DEISING. North American Indian Films, n.d. (North American Indian Arts and Crafts Film Series.) 10 min. color. NORA A Haida Indian woman of the Eagle Clan in Canada, a notable artist of the North West Coast, is shown carving a moon mask from alder and decorating it with abalone. Available in English and French language versions.

MORE THAN BOWS AND ARROWS.

Cinema Associates, 1978.

56

min. color. CIA I A film about the little-known achievements of Native Americans-Indians, Eskimos, Aleuts--in various fields: government, agricul¬ ture, transportation, architecture, urban development, science, technology, arts, show business, medicine, language, and education

MY HANDS ARE THE TOOLS OF MY SOUL. Arthur Barron and Zina Voynow, 1977. 54 min. color. TEX An examination of Native-American culture as found in song, dance, masks, carvings, pottery, sand paintings, along with hunting, pray ing, talking. Explains that there is no word for "art" in the lan¬ guages of the Native Americans. Depicts the harmony with nature which underlies all activities.

THE MYSTERY OF THE ANASAZI.

WGBH, 1976.

(Nova Series.)

59 min. color. TL A study of the Anasazi civilization, an ancient people who once lived in the southeastern United States. Tells how the Navajos discovered Anasazi ruins and how present-day archaeologists are investigating what happened to these people.

MYTHS AND THE MOUNDBUILDERS. color.

DOCE

Graham Chedd, n.d.

59 min.

180

Filmography of the Third World

Explores the history of Indian mounds, the ideas about them held in the nineteenth century, and the results of recent research. Shows two major mound-building cultures--the Hopewell and the Mississippian peoples. There are scenes of conical structures for burial, the rectangular mesa-like platforms on which temples were built, including a large mound near East St. Louis, one of many in the area.

NANOOK OF THE NORTH. International Film Seminars, 1976. 64 min. b/w. FI A newly restored version of the original 1922 silent film by Robert Flaherty. A musical score was provided for this film release. Tells the story of an Eskimo family who struggle to survive in the Arctic environment. Considered one of the best films ever made about the life of primitive peoples.

NATHAN JACKSON--TLINGIT ARTIST. Peabody Museum , 1979. 14 min. color. PEAM An artist of the Tlingit Indian group talks about his people's tra¬ ditional art. Gives a view of his step-by-step creation of a carved wood house front on exhibition at Harvard's Peabody Museum. Narrated by Rosita Worl, another Tlingit.

NATIVE AMERICAN MYTHS. Avatar Learning, 1976. 24 min. color. EBEC In animation presents five Native-American myths that tell of de¬ mons, sorcery and the love of Native Americans for the earth.

NAVAJO COUNTRY. International Film Bureau, n.d. 10 min. color. IFB, UIL, MAR Shows how the nomadic Navajos use sheep and goats for wool and for food. Depicts spinning and weaving with primitive tools and jewelry making.

NAVAJO, RACE FOR PROSPERITY. Document Associates, 1976. (The Native Americans Series.) 26 min. color. CIGU Discusses the dismal history of the Navajo Indians of the Southwest. Shows their present-day existence on the Navajo reservation and considers their possibly prosperous future which depends on their control of coal, uranium and oil resources on the reservation.

THE NEW INDIANS. color. NGS

National Geographic Society, 1977.

59 min.

An account of the pride of North Americans in their heritage. Shows how the ancient traditions are revered and preserved. a frank appraisal of current? problems facing Indians.

Gives

North America--Native Americans

181

NORTH AMERICAN INDIAN LEGENDS. Sal Bruno, 1973. 21 min. color. PHO Legends of American Indians provide an explanation for various traditions, natural events, and they also serve to express the val¬ ues of the society. This film includes stories from three different regions of North America.

NORTH AMERICAN INDIANS TODAY. National Geographic Society, 1977. 25 min. color. NGS An account of the modern Indians--full of pride of identity and in search of their cultural heritage.

ON THE SPRING ICE. Sarah Elder and Leonard Kamerling, n.d. 45 min. color. DOCE Shows Eskimos of Gambel on St. Lawrence Island hunting walrus. Compares life of the past with the present. Illustrates how people on drifting ice in the old days could not have been saved but now hunters in danger can be rescued by the Coast Guard helicopter.

THE ONLY GOOD INDIAN.

20th Century-Fox, n.d.

(The American

Challenge Series.) 24 min. color. FI An excerpt from the feature-length film BROKEN ARROW (1950) based on the novel Blood Brother by Edward Arnold. This seg¬ ment tells about a cavalry scout who begins to understand the Apaches and how they've been mistreated by the whites. He suc¬ ceeds in persuading Apache Chief Cochise to let mail riders pass through the territory. With James Stewart, Jeff Chandler.

OSCAR HOWE:

THE SIOUX PAINTER.

Centron, 1974.

27 min.

color. CEN A visit with Oscar Howe, noted Sioux Indian artist. Depicts Mr. Howe as he designs and paints a new work, and as he discusses his childhood and heritage. Narrated by Vincent Price.

THE OWL AND THE LEMMING: AN ESKIMO LEGEND. National Film Board of Canada, 1971. 6 min. color. NFBC Sealskin puppets are used to tell this legend of the hungry owl who captures a lemming for food but, because he dances, lets the lemming escape. Uses Inuit art to tell the story.

THE OWL AND THE RAVEN:

AN ESKIMO LEGEND.

National Film

Board of Canada, 1973. 6£ min. color. NFBC Sealskin puppets are used to tell the story of an owl and a raven who decide as a game to paint each other. Because the brush slips, the raven is covered with black and has continued to be black ever since. Uses Inuit design and music.

Filmography of the Third World

182

THE OWL WHO MARRIED A GOOSE: AN ESKIMO LEGEND. Nation¬ al Film Board of Canada, 1974. 7i min. color. CHU About a goose and an owl who decide to share their lives together. The owl can't keep up, however, and falls to the bottom of the lake. An allegory about commitment and self-sacrifice.

A PAIR OF MOCCASINS FOR MARY THOMAS. North American In¬ dian Films, n.d. (North American Indian Arts and Crafts Film Series.) 15 min. color. NORA Shows a Shuswap, Interior Salish Indian woman making a beautiful pair of moccasins. She demonstrates all the steps, starting with preparation and tanning of the hide. Available in English and French language versions.

PAUL KANE GOES WEST. National Film Board of Canada, 1972. 15 min. color. EBEC Presents the story and the art of Paul Kane, an artist who in the mid-nineteenth century travelled between Canada's east and west sketching the many Indians he encountered. He depicted the brav¬ ery and strength of the hunters and braves, and the customs, daily life rituals and landscape in which they lived.

THE PEACH GANG. WNET, 1976. (Ourstory Series.) 40 min. color. FI A reenactment of a true incident. In 1638 when a young Indian brave was robbed by a gang led by Arthur Peach and left to die, the Narragansetts hunted down the Peach Gang and took them to Roger Williams seeking justice. A trial is arranged despite the ar¬ guments concerning whether a white man should be tried for mur¬ dering an Indian. The ending is left open for discussion.

PEOPLE OF THE SEAL: ESKIMO SUMMER. Education Development Center/BBC, n.d. 52 min. color. EDC An important anthropological document about the Netsilik Eskimos made just before they abandoned their traditional way of life. Shows all land activities: fishing, gathering, hunting.

PEOPLE OF THE SEAL: ESKIMO WINTER. Education Development Center, BBC, n.d. 52 min. color. EDC A companion film to PEOPLE OF THE SEAL; ESKIMO SUMMER. With September, when the sea ice freezes, the Netsilik move back to the Bay, search for seal holes and build igloos. Shows seal hunting, games, annual trek back to the land.

PLAINS PEOPLE. William Claiborne, 1970. Series.) 14 min. colo*. SEF r

(Places People Live

North America--Native Americans

183

Compares the daily life of one group of the Masai tribes of Kenya, who share a common language, a Nilo-Hamitic tongue with the life of the Cheyenne and Crow Indians who live on the North Cheyenne Reservation in southeastern Montana. Shows the Masai's huts, food staples, and practices connected with livestock and the Indians' pre¬ fab houses, pick-up trucks, and ways of handling cattle. A nonnarrated film.

PORCUPINE QUILL WORK.

North American Indian Films, n.d.

(North American Indian Arts and Crafts Film Series.) 10 min. color. NORA An Odawa Indian woman of the Wikwemikong Reserve in Canada demonstrates her skill in decorating items with porcupine quills. She is observed working on a box using a traditional geometric design. Available in English, French and Odawa language versions.

POTLATCH PEOPLE. Document Associates, n.d. (The Native Americans Series.) 26 min. color. CIGU A survey of the Potlatch Indians of the Pacific Northwest who may have been the first Americans with a rich culture of dance, music, drama, and sculpture. Explains how rank and privilege played an important role in this complex society. Shows the Potlatch feast, a ceremony in which the host's status was determined by the quantity of food provided.

POW-WOW! Centron, 1980. 15J min. color. CEN Observes twenty tribes of North American Indians as they gather to perform a number of dances. Includes the sacred Fire Dance of the Chiricahua Apaches, the Gourd Dance of the Comanches, and an intertribal dance in which all participate. Individual Native Americans discuss their ceremonies and culture.

THE PROBABLE PASSING OF ELK CREEK.

Tocayos Films, n.d.

60 min. color. CIGU A documentary about the situation the residents of a small town, Elk Creek, and the nearby Grindstone Indian Reservation in Cal¬ ifornia who must decide how to react when the state government plans to build a reservoir in the area, a step that would force both sets of residents out. In this case, it is the Indians who have the power of law to decide whether or not the dam may be built, a novel twist on their status in the last century. A discussion film.

PUEBLO ARTS.

International Film Bureau, n.d.

11 min.

color.

IFB, UIL, MAR Shows how the Pueblo people construct homes and create art objects from the same soil. Shows also the coil technique of pottery-making and how the pottery is decorated.

184

Filmography of the Third World

PUEBLO RENAISSANCE. Document Associates, 1976. (The Native Americans Series.) 26 min. color. CIGU A view of the Pueblo, Zuni and Hopi tribes of the Southwest in terms of their carefully preserved traditions, ancient religious and agricultural ceremonies. Gives insight into the fact that unlike other peoples, these groups were never removed from their home¬ land once the white men had conquered the area.

THE RED DRESS. National Film Board of Canada, 1979. (The Ad¬ ventures in History Series.) 28 min. color. FI An Indian girl yearns for a red dress and her trapper father tries to buy it for her. They have a misunderstanding because he does not understand the symbolism--of strength--that the dress has for her. Contains some explicit language.

RED SUNDAY. Jim Kelly, 1975. 28 min. color. PYR A report on the controversial Battle of Little Big Horn. Reviews the traditions, the art work, the points of view connected with the battle.

REPOSSESSION. Ira Englander, 1979. 26 min. color. USDL A U.S. government film intended to explain to Native-American groups what their rights are regarding repossession on the reser¬ vation. Also tells how to protect their rights under the law. Sponsored by Antioch School of Law and U.S. Department of Labor.

RICHARD'S TOTEM POLE. Paul and Deepa Saltzman, 1981. 25 min. color. COR A visit with a sixteen-year-old Gitskan Indian of British Columbia, Canada, who is seen helping his father, a master totem pole carver, create a thirty-foot totem pole. In so doing, the young man ex¬ plores his cultural heritage.

ROBERT BELLEGARDE, A PRAIRIE ARTIST. North American In¬ dian Films, n.d. (North American Indian Arts and Crafts Film Series.) 12 min. color. A visit with a Cree Indian from the Little Black Bear Reserve in Canada who draws traditional Indian costumes using the contempo¬ rary pastel medium. He is shown recreating a portrait of an Indian chief who is wearing a colorful headdress. Available in English and French versions.

SANANGUAGAT: INUIT MASTERWORKS. National Film Board of Canada, 1974. 25 min. color. NFBC

North America--Native Americans

185

A look at an exhibition of Inuit carvings from various sources brought together by the Canadian Inuit Arts Council. Features works in stone, ivory and bone. Includes scenes of daily life in the Iglootik settlement of the northwest territories of Canada.

SARA SMITH, MOHAWK POTTER. North American Indian Films, n.d. (North American Indian Arts and Crafts Film Series.) 18 min. color. NORA A Canadian film about a Mohawk Indian of the Six Nations Reserve who uses contemporary pottery methods on designs based on old cultural symbols, such as the "Tree of Peace," which she is ob¬ served creating here. Available in English, French and Mohawk language versions.

SEEKING THE FIRST AMERICANS. Graham Chedd, n.d. 59 min. color. DOCE Tells of the search for the earliest Native Americans. Explains how "Clovis man" is the first example of a people who arrived in North America via the Bering Sea land bridge. Explains that scientists ponder the existence of earlier peoples for whom there is currently no trace of artifacts.

SEMINOLE INDIANS. International Film Bureau, n.d. 11 min. color. IFB , UIL, MAR Tells about the lifestyle of the Seminole Indians of the Florida Everglades. Includes glimpses of their open-sided houses with protective raised floors, their activities, such as washing, sewing, creating souvenirs, paddling dugout canoes, making baskets and ornaments, hunting, and eating.

SHINNECOCK: A STORY OF A PEOPLE. Dana Rogers, 1976. 20 min. color. PHO Tells the story of the Native Americans of the Eastern United States who were the first to be influenced by the white man's cul¬ ture. Describes efforts to trace the lost heritage.

A SILVER CHALICE BY JEFF GABRIEL. North American Indian Films, n.d. (North American Indian Arts and Crafts Film Ser¬ ies.) 10 min. color. NORA A Mohawk Indian of the Bear Clan in Canada uses his Iroquoian background to create beautiful silver art pieces for collectors. He demonstrates his craft while making a chalice of traditional de¬ sign. Available in English and French language versions.

SITTING BULL: A PROFILE IN POWER. Learning Corporation of America, 1977. 26 min. color. LEC

186

Filmography of the Third World

Tells the heroic but sad story of the relations between the Native Americans and the U.S. government in this "interview" with Sitting Bull (portrayed by August Schellenberg) by Patrick Watson. De¬ picts the Indian leader as a great statesman, military genius, proph¬ et and poet.

THE SIX NATIONS. Document Associates, 1976. (The Native Americans Series.) 26 min. color. CIGU A survey of the powerful and independent Iroquois League which consists of the Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Seneca, Cayuga, and Tuscarora tribes who live self-sufficiently on their own land, re¬ jecting the American lifestyle. They run their own schools and lease land to a neighboring white community, the town of Salamanca, New York.

THE SUN DAGGER. Anna Sofaer, 1983. 49 min. color. BUFI An account of the finding of the "dagger," a celestial calendar of the Anasazi Indians who lived in Chaco Canyon, New Mexico one thousand years ago. This artifact has been compared in importance with the pyramids and with Stonehenge. The film also discusses the culture of the Indians who built the calendar.

THEY FISH THE GREAT SLAVE.

Goldi Productions, n.d.

29 min.

color. ITFE Gives a positive look at the commercial fishing industry on Canada's Great Slave Lake by showing daily routines of two Indian men and one white woman who went north to find a more satisfying lifestyle.

THEY PROMISED TO TAKE OUR LAND. Document Associates, 1976. (The Native Americans Series.) 26 min. color. CIGU Takes off from the words of Chief Red Cloud to look at the exploi¬ tation of Indian resources for the last hundred years. Describes the misunderstanding over the meaning of land to the Native Ameri¬ can who feels no price can be measured for his people's sacred land

THOSE BORN AT MASSET. PART 1; PART 2. Mary Lee Stearns and Eileen Stearns, n.d. 27 min. and 38 min. b/w. ITFE Records the life of an Indian community, the Haida people in Canada. Dramatically reenacts happenings in the nineteenth century based on writings by explorers, missionaries, traders, newspaper editors and ethnographers. Shows changes over time after contact with white men.

THOSE WHO SING TOGETHER. color. CRMM »

Milton Fruchtman, 1978.

28 min.

North America--Native Americans

187

Presents the stories and music of the Plains Indians and the Native Americans of the Pacific Northwest. Footage includes scenes near the Rocky Mountains with the Sarcee tribe and in the Pacific North¬ west with the Gitksan Indians. Shows one of the largest collections of Indian art in North America.

A TIME TO RISE. Anand Patwardhan, Jim Monro, 1981. 40 min. color. ICF How Canada's first farmworker's union was formed from the 10,000 Indians who are the majority of British Columbia's farm labor. Shows how the new union has handled racism, hostility of farm owners, and economic hardships.

TONY HUNT, KWAKIUTL ARTIST. North American Indian Films, n.d. (North American Indian Arts and Crafts Film Series.) 10 min. color. NORA A Kwakiutl Indian of Canada, who has achieved international recog¬ nition for his work in a variety of art forms, demonstrates how he makes a silver spoon. Available in English and French language versions.

TRAIL OF BROKEN TREATIES. Document Associates, 1976. 26 min. color. CIGU A study of past and present injustices and the attempts of Indian leaders to improve the situation. Follows the Indian protests in Seattle, Washington, and what happened in consequence.

THE TRIBAL EYE: (1) THE CROOKED BEAK OF HEAVEN. BBC and Warner Bros., 1976. 55 min. color. TL Depicts the lifestyles, crafts and traditional ceremonies of the Gitskan, Haida and Kwakiuti Indians of British Columbia, Canada and of the state of Washington in the U.S. Written and narrated by David Attenborough.

TUNUNEREMIUT: THE PEOPLE OF TUNUNAK. Sarah Elder and Leonard Kamerling, n.d. 35 min. color. DOCE An account of the people of Tunumak on the southwestern coast of Alaska. Shows them preparing to evacuate in case a nuclear test might cause a tidal wave. Other scenes: a group of men travelling by snowmobile to put fish traps under the river ice; how people react to a sudden storm; and a community gathering for story-dancing, a traditional dance involving music, traditional adorn¬ ment, and unwritten history.

A VISIT FROM CAPTAIN COOK. 1980.

15 min.

color.

CRMM

National Film Board of Canada,

188

Filmography of the Third World

Describes the journey of Captain Cook in which he discovered the culture of the Nootka Indians on the west coast of Vancouver Is¬ land. His maps and artists' drawings give a valuable report on the native people's way of life.

WALKING IN A SACRED MANNER. Stephen Cross, n.d. 23 min. color. IFB, MAR, UIL A study of the Indian ways of life. Shows how everything is cen¬ tered on the natural world. Use photographs made by Edward S. Curtis just in time to capture traditional life in an authentic form between 1896 and 1930 before the white men's influences became apparent.

WE REMEMBER, PART 1. Raymond Yakeleya, CBS Television North, n.d. 30 min. color. NORA The first of a two-part series produced in the North West Terri¬ tories of Canada. Through the words of the Dene elders of the Mackenzie Valley tells the history and culture of the area, from the earliest recollections to the coming of the white man.

WE REMEMBER, PART 2. Raymond Yakeleya, CBS Television North, n.d. 30 min. color. NORA In the concluding part of this series the history of Canada's North West is covered from the arrival of the non-native settlers on. Considers changes that altered life forever and ponders the hopes for the future.

WHERE THE RIVER ENTERS THE SEA. Cinecraft, 1981. 28 min. color. MTP Eskimo actors and actresses dramatize how the Eskimos are enter¬ ing "the sea" of modern life. Shows the perceived opportunities of this new life contrasted with the challenge to Eskimo culture. Spon¬ sored by Standard Oil Company (Ohio).

A WILLOW BASKET BY FLORINE HOTOMANI. North American In¬ dian Films, n.d. 11 min. color. NORA Shows how an Assiniboine Indian makes baskets from green and mature willows. Available in English and French language versions.

WOODEN FLOWERS OF NOVA SCOTIA BY MATILDA PAUL. North American Indian Films, 1980. 14 min. color. NORA Shows a Micmac Indian woman performing a contemporary craft which she developed in the 1930's--making wooden flowers from wood shavings of a poplar tree. Available in English and French language versions.

North America--Native Americans YESTERDAY, TODAY:

THE NETSILIK ESKIMO.

189 National Film

Board of Canada, n.d. 57 min. color. EDC A visit with one of the families viewed in THE ESKIMO: FIGHT FOR LIFE ten years after they were moved into a government vil¬ lage. Reveals the new lifestyle which is free from the constant struggle to be self-sufficient. They now hunt from snowmobiles and cash their checks at the co-op store.

LATIN AMERICA

§

GENERAL

AMERICAS IN TRANSITION.

Obie Bang, 1982.

29 min.

color.

ICF Traces U.S. involvement in Latin America during the twentieth century. Describes roots of dictatorship, movements toward ma¬ jority rule, and communist and U.S. influences. Includes Cuba, Dominican Republic, Nicaragua, Guatemala, and El Salvador. Nar¬ rated by Ed Asner.

THE BRICK-MAKERS.

Marta Rodriguez and Jorge Silva, 1975.

42 min. b/w. CIGU Explores the culture of poverty that is the way of life for millions of Latin Americans, landless peasants living on the fringes of ma¬ jor cities. Depicts the daily life of a typical family that produces earthen bricks as a living. In Spanish with English subtitles.

THE DOUBLE DAY. International Women's Film Project, 1975. 53 min. color. CIGU A documentary on working women in Latin America. Tells of ef¬ forts to achieve equality in the home and in the workplace. Women of a variety of jobs and from various countries talk about the sta¬ tus barriers faced, wages, family relationships. In Spanish with English subtitles.

THE EDGE OF HOPE. Maryknoll, n.d. 24 min. color. MAFI Studies oppression in Mexico, Bolivia, Colombia and Paraguay. Points out the inequalities between the workers and the people who profit in Latin America.

THE FUTURE BEGINS TODAY. United Nations, 1974. 27 min. color. SEF, UN, MAR A study of problems with distribution of land and people in Latin America. Tells how the urban centers are overcrowded with new migrants while rural land awaits settlers. Describes what is being done in Colombia, Argentina, Peru and Mexico about the problem. Also available in French aijd Spanish language versions.

Latin America--General

191

LATIN AMERICAN OVERVIEW. Vladimir Bibic Film Productions, n.d. 25 min. color. CRMM Gives information on people, religion, culture and geography of South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean islands.

MAN AND HIS ENVIRONMENT 1: RAIN FOREST FAMILY. Wayne Mitchell, 1971. 17 min. color. PHO The Choco Indians are used as an example of hunting-gathering societies who live in tropical forests of Central and South America Shows the remoteness of the tropical forests from access to other people, markets, transportation. Parents are seen training their children in the skills of living in the forest.

MAN AND HIS ENVIRONMENT 2: FOOD FROM THE RAIN FOREST. Wayne Mitchell, 1971. 18 min. color. PHO Demonstrates how a complete food supply can be provided by fish¬ ing, gathering, and simple agriculture. The skills of the Choco Indians of Central and South America are illustrated with scenes of getting the food and preparing it. Also shows the method of handling surplus food at the distant trading post.

SIMPLEMENTE JENNY. International Women's Film Project, n.d. 33 min. color. CIGU Three adolescent Latin American girls in a Bolivian reformatory tell their stories of rape and forced prostitution. Explores the poverty and violence that shape society today. Studies images of glamour in fashion and marketing that are held out to people whose lives are far removed from such social models. Documents the culture conflict--Western versus Indian versus folk values. Includes scenes in Argentina, Ecuador and Mexico. In Spanish with English subti¬ tles.

TOWARDS A PEOPLE'S CINEMA.

Leonard Henny, n.d.

35 min.

b/w. CCC A report on filmmakers and filmmaking in Colombia, Vietnam, and Cuba who make films not only to record what's happening in the world but also to change it. Includes interviews with Cuban film¬ maker Santiago Alvarez and Colombian filmmakers Martha Rodriguez and Jorge Silva. Tells about the operation and goals of the Cuban Film Institute.

THE TRIBAL EYE:

(5) THE SWEAT OF THE SUN.

BBC and War¬

ner Bros., 1976. 55 min. color. TL Looks at the gold artifacts of the ancient Incas and Aztecs over¬ looked by the Spanish conquerors. Explains how these objects were used for ritual and for practical purposes. Written and narrated by David Attenborough.

192 §

Filmography of the Third World CENTRAL AMERICA

General

THE CASTRO CONNECTION. NBC, 1980. 77 min. color. FI Explores the instability created by revolutionary movements in Central America. Shows Fidel Castro's interests and role in other countries. Looks at El Salvador, Guatemala, Nicaragua. Also dis¬ cusses the exodus of 100,000 Cuban refugees to the U.S.

CENTRAL AMERICA. William Claiborne, 1978. (Latin America: Focus on People Series.) 16 min. color. SEF About the history, problems and life in Central America today. Discusses individual countries, U.S. influence, economy, travel, education, religion.

CENTRAL AMERICA: A HUMAN GEOGRAPHY. Coronet, 1978. 2nd ed. 16 min. color. COR Studies the people of three major regions in Central America-Tierra Fria, Tierra Templada and Tierra Caliente. Workers from various walks of life discuss their lives. The film makes a com¬ parison with features of life in the United States.

IN SEARCH OF MAYAN MYSTERIES. Alan Landsburg Productions, 1978. 26 min. color. PYR Narrator Leonard Nimoy reviews the history of the advanced civili¬ zation of the Mayas and discusses the leading theories concerning their sudden demise.

MAYA LORDS OF THE JUNGLE. color. DOCE

John Angier, n.d.

59 min.

A fresh look at older theories about the kind of agriculture prac¬ ticed by the Mayan society that flourished in Central America be¬ fore A.D. 900. Suggests that a flourishing trade in salt existed side by side with agricultural methods that involved artificially raised fields on swampy land. This type of economic base may have required elaborate social hierarchies and political structures of the Mayas.

THE MYSTERY OF THE MAYA. WNET

WNET, n.d.

60 min.

color.

Probes the mystery of the fall of the superb ancient civilization of the Mayas while revealing those remains which have been found in archaeological digs up to the present (buildings and artifacts). The

Latin America--Central America

193

highlight is the discovery of Temple "B" which was found during the making of the film. Narrated by Ricardo Montalban.

THESE WERE THE MAYA! Kelly Film Productions, 1976. (The Mexican Heritage Series.) 19 min. color. FI The story of the Maya people of Yucatan and Guatemala. Covers their 4,000-year history; stresses their achievements in building, mathematics, astronomy.

Costa Rica

COSTA RICA. Journal Films, 1976. (Families of the World Ser¬ ies.) 19i min. color. JFI A visit with a farming family that lives and works on a coffee plan¬ tation in Costa Rica. Shows the harvest, the village fiesta, roles of the parents and children in the harvest. Also covers some geo¬ graphic and cultural information.

El Salvador

DEATH IN EL SALVADOR. Ray Fitzwalter, 1982. (World in Action Series.) 28 min. color. GTI Investigates the story that the army and National Guard of El Sal¬ vador are connected with the murders, atrocities and disappearance of an estimated 30,000 people. Directed by Robert Guenette.

EL SALVADOR: A NATION OF CHANGE. MTI Teleprograms, n.d. (Faces of Man Series.) 25 min. color. MTI A visit to the smallest and most populated country in Central Ameri¬ ca. Emphasis is on the contrasts of wealth and poverty, rural versus urban living, traditional and modern features. Discusses the impact of change on the culture of El Salvador.

EL SALVADOR:

ANOTHER VIETNAM.

Catalyst Media, 1981.

53

min. color. UCA, ICF An exploration of the civil war in El Salvador. Takes a look at President Reagan's policy and the history of U.S. policy in Central America since 1948. Shows scenes of El Salvadorean government and guerilla forces.

EL SALVADOR, SEEDS OF LIBERTY.

Glenn Silber, 1981.

29 min.

color. MAFI, ICF, UCA A look at the conflict in El Salvador in the light of the martyrdom

194

Filmography of the Third World

of four North American missioners in 1980 and through interviews with military government and church leaders, both in El Salvador and the U.S. Shows life in a refugee camp and the viewpoint of the poor of El Salvador themselves.

EL SALVADOR: THE PEOPLE WILL WIN. Film Institute of Revolu¬ tionary El Salvador, n.d. 80 min. color. CIGU The first documentary produced by the Institute of Revolutionary El Salvador. Tells the five-hundred-year history from the point of view of the rebel army, the Farabundo Marti Liberation Front. Scenes include uprisings, massacres in 1932, the founding of Popu¬ lar Liberation Forces in 1970 and unification of all opposition groups in 1980. In Spanish with English narration and subtitles.

ROSES IN DECEMBER: THE STORY OF JEAN DONOVAN. Ana Carrigan, Bernard Stone, 1982. 55 min. color. FRF This is the story of the four women missionaries who were mur¬ dered in El Salvador in December 1980. Explores the circumstances concerning the murders, what happened afterward, and the pervad¬ ing political situation. Uses words of Jean Donovan, the one lay missionary to give focus to the film.

WHATEVER HAPPENED TO EL SALVADOR? NBC, 1982. 52 min. color. FI A review of events in El Salvador since the elections of March 28, 1982. Provides interviews with U.S. Special Forces members, who deny any involvement in the fighting, and with Assembly President Roberto D'Aubuisson. A television program hosted and narrated by Richard Valariani.

Guatemala

BRUJO (SHAMAN). Georges Payrastre and Claudine Viallon, 1979. 55 min. color. DOCE Explores shamanism and curing among the Mazatec Indians of Oaxaca, Mexico and two groups of Maya Indians in Guatemala and southern Mexico. Shows the cure rituals that involve such things as sacri¬ fice of a chicken, use of hallucinogenic mushrooms, singing, danc¬ ing, rubbing tobacco on the patient, using candles, eggs and in¬ cense.

CAMINO TRISTE: THE HARD ROAD OF THE GUATEMALAN REFU¬ GEES. Icarus Films, n.d. 30 min. color. ICF Tells the little-known story of 125,000 Guatemalans--most of them descendents of the Maya, Quiche Indians--who have fled to southern

Latin America--Central America

195

Mexico to escape the counter-insurgency campaign in Guatemala. Contains interviews that focus on the problems of refugee life in camps.

GILBERTO'S MAYAN DREAM. Coronet, 1981. 25 min. color. COR Shows the life of a fourteen-year-old Guatemalan boy who learns weaving from his craftsman father and who dreams of visiting the ruins of Tikal, the ancient Mayan city of his ancestors.

GUATEMALA ... PERSONAL TESTIMONIES. Icarus Films, 1983. 20 min. color. ICF Presents eyewitness reports on the human rights abuses in the re¬ gimes of Lucas Garcia and Rios Montt in Guatemala. Describes tor¬ ture and mistreatment of Indians in villages.

A HOME FOR OSMAR. The Salvation Army, n.d. 24 min. color. MTP The story of Osmar, one person who is typical of the many victims of Guatemala's 1976 earthquake. Discusses how the town was re¬ built and how the Salvation Army Corps began its work in Guate¬ mala.

MY DAD'S GIVEN UP. Beacon, 1983. 14 min. color. BEA A typical day in the life of a twelve-year-old Guatemalan boy and his family--all earthquake victims living in a Guatemala City ghetto. Shows the boy in attendance at school, helping with chores. The mother is observed in her many daily routines. The father is de¬ picted as out of work and ready to leave if necessary to find a job elsewhere.

TERREMOTO. The Salvation Army, n.d. 28 min. color. MTP A report on the devastation following the 1976 earthquake in Guate¬ mala. Comments on the courage of the people and describes the various rescue missions that were conducted by international or¬ ganizations .

TODOS SANTOS CUCHUMATAN.

Olivia Carrescia, 1982.

41 min.

color. ICF A view of daily life of the Mam Indian people of Guatemala as ex¬ emplified by a village high in the mountains. Shows the annual harvest, a fiesta, and mass migration to work in cotton plantations in the lowlands. Shows the change from a subsistence farming com¬ munity to one in which cash is important. Discusses other changes in contemporary Guatemala.

196

Filmography of the Third World

VIA DOLOROSA. (THE SORROWFUL WAY.) Georges and Claudine Viallon, n.d. 10 min. color. DOCE In the colonial city of Antigua, Guatemala, the Good Friday activities include strewing colored sawdust and flower petals on the "sorrow¬ ful way," and carrying a heavy mahogany bier in the procession. Indians come to the city to watch this spectacle which is so differ¬ ent from their own lively festivities.

Honduras

SEEDS OF REVOLUTION. ABC, Institute for Food and Development Policy, 1979. 28 min. color. ICF, NACC A rare opportunity to observe the economic and political conflicts that exist in Honduras today. Contains interviews and scenes with people of all strata of Honduran society. Discusses how the de¬ mands of agribusiness differ from the concerns of peasant coop¬ eratives .

Mexico

AMERICA'S FIRST CITY--TEOTIHUACAN. Kelley Film Productions, 1976. (The Mexican Heritage Series.) 17 min. color. FI Traces the history of the 2,000-year-old city, Teotihuacan, scene of the famous pyramids. The film uses live on-location footage and animated drawings to tell the Aztec legend of the birth of Teotihua¬ can. Also available in Spanish language versions.

ATENCINGO. Eduardo Maldonado, Grup Cine Testimonio, 1975. 58 min. color. TWN In this case the filmmaker was approached by a group of peasants to tell their story of forty years of struggle against foreign land¬ lords, monopolists, and others. The peasants also helped fund the production. In Spanish with English subtitles.

BRUJO (SHAMAN). 55 min. color.

Georges Payrastre and Claudine Viallon, 1979. DOCE

Explores shamanism and curing among the Mazatec Indians of Oaxaca, Mexico and two groups of Maya Indians in southern Mexico and Guatemala. Shows the cure rituals that involve such things as sacrifice of a chicken, use of hallucinogenic mushrooms, singing, dancing, rubbing tobacco on the patient, using candles, eggs and incense.

LOS CAMPESINOS.

United Nations, 1980. i

26 min.

color.

UN, MAR

Latin America--Central America

197

A study of the Mexican farmer--the "campesino"--who represents 40 percent of Mexico's population but only 10 percent of the gross na¬ tional product. Shows what the Mexican Government with the help of the World Bank is doing to improve rural living conditions and increase production. Also available in French and Spanish language versions.

CASTLE OF PURITY. Mexico, 1972. 108 min. color. Directed by Arturo Rip stein. With Claudio Brook, Rita Moreno. In Spanish with English subtitles. NYF A disturbing satire about one family's life in Mexico City. Based on an actual incident in which a father imprisoned his family to save them from the corruption of modern life.

CHAC. CientiFilm Aurora, 1975. 95 min. color. Written, pro¬ duced and directed by Rolando Klein. TWY A Panamanian film made in Mexico, starring the Mayan Indians of Tenejapa, Chiapas, Mexico. A dramatic film that feels like a docu¬ mentary. The story opens in a Mayan village in which everything has gone wrong. The shaman has lost his powers, the land is parched, there is no hope of rain, and the people have lost all hope. Twelve men begin a search for the Rain God Chac. Scenes include rain rituals and legends.

CHRISTMAS IN OAXACA. Kelley Film Productions, 1976. (The Mexican Heritage Series.) 14 min. color. FI Follows the holiday revelers and observes their traditional dances, the breaking of the piriatas, the lively music of the marimbas, and the lighted procession of floats on Christmas Eve. Explains how the traditions of the Spanish are mixed with those of ancient Zapotec and Mixtec cultures. Available in Spanish version also.

COSAS DE MI VIDA. Chick Strand, 1975. 23 min. color. STRA A portrait of a Mexican man that is also a sociological essay about his efforts to improve his lot by becoming a successful middle-class musician in a Mexican village. Depicts his love for his children, his longing to acquire middle-class possessions (stereo, television) and his infatuation for his mistress in contrast to his lack of re¬ gard for his wife, who represents the traditional behavior he hopes to escape.

CREATIVE ARTS AND CRAFTS OF MEXICO. Kelley Film Produc¬ tions, 1976. (The Mexican Heritage Series.) 16 min. color. FI Explains how the old techniques are still used by Mexican artists and artisans. Observes the details of jewelry making, creation of

198

Filmography of the Third World

mosaic murals, weaving, pottery work, puppet design. able in Spanish version.

Also avail¬

CROWDED CITY. United Nations, 1982. 10 min. color. UN, MAR Explains that Mexico City is the largest city in the world and must face the problem of dealing with one thousand newcomers a day-people who leave rural communities to settle in and around the city. Describes the pollution (automobile and industrial), lack of adequate public transportation, two million cars on the roads. Describes the plan to find solutions to these matters.

DAY OF THE DEAD. Charles and Ray Eames, 1981. 14 min. color. PYR Documents the events and folk art connected with the annual cele¬ bration in Mexico of All Souls Day. Gives a look at the structured way that Mexicans come to terms with death.

DISCOVER VERACRUZ. Kelley Film Productions, 1976. (The Mexican Heritage Series.) 16 min. color. FI Describes the history, geographic features, and traditions of the city of Veracruz, site of explorer Hernando Cortes in 1510. A special feature of the film is the Totonac ceremony in the pyramid temple of El Tajin involving performers who, with the support of ropes, "fly" down from the top of a one-hundred-foot-high pole. Also available in Spanish language version.

GILBERTO--SHARK BOY OF THE SEA OF CORTEZ. Diego Echeverria and Peter and Sarah Dixon for CBS News, n.d. 23 min. color. CAR A visit with a teenager who lives on Pardito in Mexico's Sea of Cor¬ tez and assists with the fishing business his grandfather started over fifty years ago. Depicts the lifestyle of people who have no phones, no schools, no fresh drinking water, no markets.

GUACAMOLE. Chick Strand, 1975. 10 min. color. STRA A visual portrait of Mexico that includes images of market places, people's faces, churches, the bull ring, performers of folk music. While a matador is seen preparing for a bullfight and in action in an actual fight, the words of a poem appear on the screen to tell about man's accepting the loss of innocence with dignity and grace

KILIWA: HUNTERS AND GATHERERS OF BAJA CALIFORNIA. Uni¬ versity of California Extension Media Center, 1975. 14 min. color. UCA A group of Baja California Indians are seen in hunting, gathering,

Latin America--Central America

199

food preparation, and shelter construction activities. Reveals the adaptation to the high country--culturally and ecologically.

MANUEL JIMENEZ--WOODCARVER. The Works, n.d. Mexicanos/Mexico's Folk Artists Series.) 22 min. Demonstrates the skill and practiced eye for scenes of that make Manuel Jimenez a master craftsman. Shows ship between his culture and lifestyle and his art.

(Artesanos color. WOR daily life the relation¬

THE MANY FACES OF MEXICO. Kelley Film Productions, 1976. (The Mexican Heritage Series.) 18 min. color. FI A survey of modern Mexico with its many contrasts: mountains, valleys, deserts, jungles, primitive methods in secluded villages, cosmopolitan cities with all their problems, the mix of old and new in culture, technology. Also available in Spanish language version.

MARCELO RAMOS--THE FIREWORK MAKER'S ART. Judith Bronowski, 1980. (Artesanos Mexicanos/Mexico's Folk Artists Series.) 23 min. color. WOR Shows a gifted Mexican folk artist at work preparing fireworks for a traditional rural fiesta in Mexico. Presents the completed fire¬ works show--a magnificent array of fire castles and projectiles. Also available in Spanish language version.

MEXICAN CHARRO:

MAN OF TWO WORLDS.

B & E Audio Visual,

n.d. 12 min. color. BEAV About the Mexican rodeo cowboy, a product of the modern world. Traces his roots to the Hispanic world of the sixteenth century.

MEXICAN INDIAN LEGENDS.

Sal Bruno, 1977.

16 min.

color.

PHO Dramatizes several Toltec, Mayan and Aztec legends from ancient Mexico that explain the wonders of nature. Includes the plumed serpent, Quetzalcoatl, the founding of Mexico City (Tenochtitlan) and the two volcanoes, Popocatepetl and Ixtlaccihuatl.

MEXICAN VAQUERO:

THE FIRST COWBOY.

B & E Audio Visual,

n.d. 15 min. color. BEAV A portrait of the modern vaquero (cowboy) in the Southwest. Also reveals the history of the Mexican cowboy from the days as an In¬ dian slave (1521) to the present. Shows how the American cowboy was influenced by the vaquero in dress, skills, language.

MEXICO, A CHANGING LAND. 22 min.

color.

ALHI

Alfred Higgins, 1980.

Revised ed.

200

Filmography of the Third World

A report on contemporary Mexico's many new developments: huge dams, desert land cultivation by modern methods, increased number of factories, copper and steel industry, marketing of oil and gas resources, and emphasis on education for all.

MEXICO: A FAMILY-STYLE MENU. MTI Teleprograms, n.d. (The World of Cooking Series.) 27i min. color. MTI A master chef demonstrates the Mexican art of cuisine. He also de¬ scribes his country's history and culture and his sense of pride in his country.

MEXICO -- GIANT OF LATIN AMERICA. LeMont Films, 1971. 23 min. color. LFI The varied topography of Mexico is discussed and illustrated. Then the film provides an introduction to Mexico's history, art, agricul¬ ture and industry of Mexico's mestizo population (of mixed Spanish and Amerindian ancestry).

MONUMENT TO THE SUN: THE STORY OF THE AZTEC CALENDAR STONE. Kelley Film Productions, 1976. (The Mexican Heritage Series.) 16 min. color. FI Explains the importance and meaning of the Aztec calendar stone, actually a monument to the sun god Tonatiuh. Tells how the stone was carved, and what its dimensions are. Compares with other true Aztec calendars, which were designed specifically for accurate count¬ ing of the days or for predicting the future. Also available in Spanish language version.

NO PLACE TO GO. United Nations, 1976. 27 min. color. Illustrates how the World Food Programme in the United Nations is helping Mexico promote labor projects to encourage rural peoples to stay at home rather than crowd the cities where there are no jobs. The effort also includes raising rural standards of living. Also available in French and Spanish language versions.

OCTAVIO PAZ: AN UNCOMMON POET. 28i min. color. FFTH

Linda Romano/WNET, n.d.

An interview with Mexico's outstanding poet conducted by Mark Strand, American poet and translator of Paz's works. Paz talks about his childhood in Los Angeles during the Mexican Revolution and his life as political observer and activist. After Paz reads three of his works in Spanish, Mark Strand reads them in English trans¬ lation .

EL OTRO LADO. min. color.

(THE OTHER SIDE.) MUMO *

Danny Lyon, 1979.

60

Latin America--Central America

201

A portrait of a family of undocumented citrus-workers who move from Quaretaro, Mexico to Maricopa County, Arizona.

PANCHO VILLA'S COLUMBUS RAID. J. Parsons, W. Clark, 1982. 26 min. color. CIGU, BSP A report on the 1916 attack by Pancho Villa, the Mexican revolu¬ tionary, on the New Mexico border village of Columbus. Also shows the American expedition that pursued Villa for eleven months. Uses historic photographs, motion picture footage and interviews with actual survivors. Examines the causes and consequences of this last major invasion of the U.S. by a foreign armed force. Sponsored by New Mexico State Parks.

PEDRO LINARES--PAPIER-MACHE ARTIST. The Works, (Artesanos Mexicanos/Mexico's Folk Artists Series.) color. WOR A visit with Mexican papier-mSche artist Pedro Linares, about his life and demonstrates his work. Explores the tradition of which his art is a part.

n.d. 22 min. who talks cultural

PINATA. Hack Swain Productions, n.d. 24 min. color. MC, UWI, UIL A portrait of a Mexican boy who yearns for a pinata. Follows him in his quest through the Mexican countryside and in the busy city streets. Captures the cultural and social aspects of the complex country that is modern Mexico.

QUE VIVA MEXICO. Mosfilm, 1931-32 (unfinished). 85 min. b/w. IFEX An old film re-released in 1979. Footage of Russian director Sergei Eisenstein's long lost masterwork about Mexico has been restored by Mosfilm Studio and the film's 80-year-old editor. The prologue shows Yucatan's architectural monuments; part one focuses on the Tehuantepec jungles and the lifestyle of the people; part two is a love story of a poor peon and his bride; part three is devoted to bullfighting and romantic lore; part four, not filmed by Eisenstein, is replaced by frescoes of Sequieros, Rivera and Orosco. A narra¬ tion is provided as sound track for this silent film.

THE RAGGED REVOLUTION.

Tony Essex, 1981.

37 min.

color.

CIGU Uses recently discovered, fifty-year-old footage to document the events and personalities involved in the Mexican Revolution, the first major revolution of the twentieth century. Shows the true story behind the myth.

202 RETURNS TO MEXICO.

Filmography of the Third World Edward Jones, 1978.

18 min.

color and

b/w. CCC An offbeat travelogue by an experimental filmmaker with unusual scenes of Mexico inside a prison, the temple of Dionysus, a photo¬ graph "obtained by bribery" and similar rarities.

ROCK PAINTINGS OF BAJA CALIFORNIA. University of California Extension Media Center, 1975. Revised ed. 17 min. color. UCA Rock paintings consisting of larger-than-life-size portraits of hunt¬ ers, animals and symbolic figures are examined at a site in Baja California. Tells how the paintings were done, how old they are, and what they meant to the Indians who created them.

SABINA SANCHEZ--THE ART OF EMBROIDERY. The Works, n.d. (Artesanos Mexicanos/Mexico's Folk Artists Series.) 23 min. color. WOR A vanishing folk art is explored through a visit with a Zapotec woman in Oaxaca, Mexico, who continues to make the embroidered blouses of her village's traditional costume. Illustrates the care required to produce this colorful work. Spanish version also avail¬ able.

SHUNKA'S STORY. Stephanie Krebs, 1977. 20 min. color. UCA A Tzotzil Maya woman who lives in Zinacantan, Chiapas, Mexico talks about her life, her culture. The woman herself also gives explanatory comments in English in the voice-over portions of the sound track.

THE STORY OF THE AZTECS. Kelley Film Productions, 1976. (The Mexican Heritage Series.) 19 min. color. FI Traces the history of the Aztec city of Tenochtitlan and what hap¬ pened when Cortez arrived to conquer the Aztecs. Shows the re¬ maining evidence of the ancient city within the present-day metrop¬ olis, Mexico City.

TAJIMOLTIK. (FIVE DAYS WITHOUT NAME.) Georges and Claudine Viallon, n.d. 30 min. color. DOCE Filmed in the Chiapas highlands of Mexico, this is a report on the way Mayan people celebrate the five days that are not assigned to the eighteen months of twenty days each of the Maya calendar. Celebrations coincide with Catholic Holy Week and traditional rituals are combined with those of Spanish Catholicism.

TARAHUMARA: RACERS AGAINST TIME. color. BSML *

Barnett Addis.

22 min.

Latin America--Central America

203

Investigates the Tarahumara Indians of Northern Mexico, one of the oldest surviving cultures in North America. Shows how they have kept their identity over many centuries through ritualistic ceremon¬ ies and gatherings, and have adapted to their harsh environment.

TO MAKE THE BALANCE. University of California Extension Media Center, 1970. 33 min. color. UCA In Oaxaca, Mexico the unique village legal system is described by the phrase "to make the balance." Nothing is written down, there are few formalities. This is a revealing report on how five dis¬ putes were handled in a style of compromise and equality, i.e., balance.

THE TREE OF LIFE. Earthworm, 1975. 28^ min. color. CCC Depicts the Mexican Indian flying pole dance ("Los Voladores"), a daring, dangerous, traditional ceremony that dates back to preConquest times. Traces the inner significance of the dance that consists of dancing on the tip of the pole, sixty feet in the air. Pre-Conquest Aztec poetry is used as the narration.

Nicaragua

FROM THE ASHES ... NICARAGUA TODAY. Helena Solberg Ladd, 1981. 59 min. color. CIGU A revolutionary crisis as viewed through the perspective of the people of Nicaragua. Gives an account of the U.S. role in Nicaragua in the past and the present. In Spanish with English subtitles and narration.

LOS HIJOS DE SANDINO. (THE CHILDREN OF SANDINO.) Fred Barney Taylor and Kimberly Safford, 1980. 42 min. color. TWN Captures the spirit of celebration in Nicaragua during 1980 on the first anniversary of the Sandinista revolution. Also explains that another vent is connected--the religious festivities for Santo Do¬ mingo, the patron saint of Managua, site of the liberation. In¬ cludes popular music related to the revolution. In Spanish. Eng¬ lish transcript is available. Dialogue is relatively simple for a nonSpanish speaking audience.

MISKITO INDIANS. Allen Rogers, n.d. 25 min. color. ITFE A documentary about the Miskito people of Nicaragua. Depicts everyday life, their festival, the almost depleted sea turtle fishing on which they depend for food and for commercial purposes. Shows ever-changing conditions and the need to preserve their strong culture.

204

Filmography of the Third World

NICARAGUA, ADELANTE! Catholic Relief Services, n.d. 18 min. color. MTP A report on the role of the Catholic Relief Services in bringing food to Nicaragua during the recent civil war. Includes interviews with individual victims.

NICARAGUA, BEFORE AND AFTER. Paraiso, n.d. 28 min. color. MAFI Shows a missioner and the poor in a Nicaraguan community who, together, are fighting injustice and oppression under the Somoza regime. Emphasis is on the details of the struggle. Also available in Spanish version.

NICARAGUA--HEALING THE WOUNDS OF WAR. Catholic Relief Services, n.d. 17? min. color. MTP Depicts the Catholic Relief Services helping Nicaraguans rebuild their homes, lives and providing medicine and food to the civil war victims.

NICARAGUA: SCENES FROM THE REVOLUTION. John Chapman, n.d. 30 min. color. CIGU A history of the Nicaraguan Revolution from Sandanismo in the 1930's to the general strike in June 1979 and the first one hundred days of reconstruction after the Sandinista victory. Describes the tasks requiring attention: transformation of the agricultural sys¬ tem, training the illiterate population, feeding the undernourished, improving the devastated countryside. In Spanish with English subtitles.

SANDINO, TODAY AND FOREVER. color. ICF

Tercer Cine, 1981.

55 min.

A look at Nicaragua today through the daily life of a farmer and member of an agricultural cooperative. Explores current efforts at economic reconstruction, upgrading literacy, political reorgani¬ zation .

SANDINO VIVE. Maryknoll, n.d. 28 min. color. MAFI Depicts how the Nicaraguans are rebuilding their war-torn country after the overthrow of the Somoza regime. Tells of the Catholic Church's role in developing a new society and the acitivity of Sandino, a Nicaraguan freedom fighter. Also available in Spanish ver¬ sion.

TARGET NICARAGUA: INSIDE A COVERT WAR. n.d. 40 min. color. NTF

Saul Landau,

Latin America--Central America

205

A report in which convicted saboteurs, spies and former Somoza guards describe the covert war in Nicaragua conducted by the CIA against the Sandinist government. Recollections include many stor¬ ies of atrocities in which the guardsmen participated. Residents describe how it feels to live in a war zone.

THANK GOD AND THE REVOLUTION. color. ICF, NACC

Tercer Cine, 1981.

50 min.

Examines the role of the church in overthrowing the Somoza govern¬ ment and rebuilding Nicaragua after years of oppression and pover¬ ty. contains interviews with Nicaraguans from all walks of life-from peasants to cabinet officials.

WOMEN IN ARMS. Victoria Schultz, 1980. 59 min. color. HUR Discusses women as an important force in Nicaragua today. Shows their role in overthrowing the Somoza dictatorship and how they moved out of their traditional roles. Also available in Spanish lan¬ guage version.

Panama

CANAL ZONE. Frederick Wiseman, 1978. 174 min. b/w. ZIP A probing documentary about the work and lifestyle of the Ameri¬ cans who work in the Panama Canal Zone, the work of the military, the canal pilots and officials in civil government, the businessmen. Also depicts the religious, social and recreational activities.

THE PANAMA CANAL. Coronet, 1978. Revised COR A review of the history of the Panama Canal up and the details of operations. Follows an actual canal and presents scenes of life in neighboring

THE PANAMA CANAL.

Kaw Valley Films, 1980.

ed.

11 min.

color.

to the 1978 Treaty trip through the cities.

32 min.

color.

KAWV The history of the Panama Canal as traced through its roots in the travels of the early explorers, the California Gold Rush, the threat of pirates, the Panama Railroad, Ferdinand De Lessups and the French Canal, and the efforts of Theodore Roosevelt. Discusses the construction and operation of the Canal and the history of the Isthmus.

PANAMA CANAL ... FUNNEL FOR COMMERCE. min.

color.

AIMS

Aims, 1971.

15

Filmography of the Third World

206

A full account of the history and operation of the Panama Canal. Discusses the locks, costs, and control. Examines the ecology of the Isthmus region, as well as the government and people of Pana¬ ma. Made in collaboration with the Panama Canal Company. Avail¬ able also in Spanish and Hebrew versions.

PANAMA CANAL: THE LONGEST SHORTCUT. Diana Colson, Hack Swain Productions, 1981. 28 min. color. MC, UWI, UIL Treats the building of the Panama Canal not only as a great engi¬ neering feat but also in terms of the related political, climatic, and health problems in Panama. Uses archival photographs and footage, animation, color maps, and present-day footage to tell the dramatic story.

PANAMA: THE FIFTH FRONTIER. Cuban Film Institute, n.d. 78 min. b/w. Directed by Pastor Vega. In Spanish with English subtitles. CIGU An in-depth feature-length documentary that covers the history of the Panama Canal, U.S. operation and the Canal Zone's social, po¬ litical and economic impact on the Panamanian people.

§

SOUTH AMERICA

General

GEOGRAPHY OF SOUTH AMERICA: ARGENTINA, PARAGUAY AND URUGUAY. Coronet, 1977. Revised ed. 11 min. color. COR Traces the features common to the countries that share the PlataParana River system. Examines language, culture, history. Scenes include the capitals of the three countries as well as rural life.

GEOGRAPHY OF SOUTH AMERICA: COUNTRIES OF THE ANDES. Coronet, 1977. Revised ed. Coronet, 1977. 10i min. color. COR A study of Bolivia, Ecuador, Peru and Chile as they are today. Traces the historical roots and shows the variety of landforms and climates.

GEOGRAPHY OF SOUTH AMERICA: FIVE NORTHERN COUNTRIES. Coronet, 1977. Second revised ed. 10^ min. color. COR A visit to Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Surinam, and French Guiana. Shows special features of each and presents contrasts of historical background: Bolivar in Colombia and Venezuela; the British, Dutch, and French in the other three nations.

Latin America--South America

207

GEOGRAPHY OF SOUTH AMERICA: THE CONTINENT. Coronet, 1977. Revised ed. 14 min. color. COR Discusses the people and countries of South America. Compares cities with rural areas. Takes a look at the three highland and three lowland areas.

MISSING. Universal, 1982. 122 min. color. Directed by Constan¬ tin Costa-Gavras. With Jack Lemmon, Sissy Spacek, John Shea. SWA This is the first American theatrical feature by director CostaGavras. The story is a tight political thriller based on a true in¬ cident in which an American writer is reported missing in a politi¬ cally disturbed South American country. His father joins the writ¬ er's wife in a suspenseful search. The film gives the viewer a sense of the atmosphere and terror in a revolution-torn country.

RICARDO MONTALBAN'S SOUTH AMERICA. Maryknoll, n.d. 28 min. color. MAFI Ricardo Montalban, the film star, takes the viewer on a tour of the cultural attractions and beautiful features of South American coun¬ tries with emphasis on music and dance. A reminder that, despite its poverty and other problems, South America is a continent rich in natural beauty and human accomplishment.

THE SOUND OF RUSHING WATER. Ricardo Tankamash and Bruce Horowitz, 1974. 42 min. color. CIGU A film produced by the Shuar people, formerly the Jivaro or "head¬ hunter" Indians, to tell their history of resistance to the Inca and Spanish Empires and their present-day effort to keep their cultural identity.

SOUTH AMERICA: HISTORY AND HERITAGE. Andrew Nemes, n.d. 17 min. PHO Outlines the major happenings in the history of South America from the fifteenth century to the present. Includes Inca civilization, the conquest of South America by Spain and Portugal, the conflict be¬ tween cultures. Also discusses the legacy of colonial rule and the struggle for political freedom and economic independence.

SOUTH AMERICA:

LAND AND PEOPLE.

Andrew Nemes, n.d.

21

min. color. PHO Uses vivid scenes to cover the geographical and cultural features of South America. Shows the five major regions: the rainforest of the Amazon basin, the Andes mountains, the desert, plains of the temperate zone, the tropical coast. Also provides a description of cultures, economies, resources. Includes major cities and his¬ torical sites.

208

Filmography of the Third World

SOUTH AMERICA: OVERVIEW. William Claiborne, 1973. (Latin America: Focus on People Series.) 17 min. color. SEF Explains the history of South America. Describes its countries, land features, climates. Compares cultures: Spanish, Portuguese, native Indians, mestizos, blacks. Shows that at least half of the people live at a subsistence level. Includes information about prod¬ ucts, capital, foreign investments.

THE THIRD MILLENNIUM. Stopfilm/ZDF, n.d. 95 min. color. CIGU A study of the Amazon basin. Reveals the problems of the people and the ecology. Shows the well-meaning but sometimes misdirected political influences over the region. Includes scenes of a remote jungle region between Brazil, Colombia and Peru where the Ticuna and Mairuna nations live.

TO SAVE THE AMAZON'S GREEN HELL. Document Associates, n.d. 20 min. color. CIGU A documentary on the great Amazon River which runs through the most complex eco-system in the world. Reveals how the rain forest is shrinking, the number of Indians is declining, and thousands of wildlife species are dwindling. Contains an interview with Peruvian conservationist Philippe Benavides, who tells what must be done to save the rain forest and the people.

THE TREASURE WITHIN. UN, MAR

United Nations, 1981.

27 min.

color.

Tells how in cooperation with UNESCO and the United Nations De¬ velopment Programme, Latin American nations are attempting to pre¬ serve their rich heritage through restoration work. Shows scenes in Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Brazil of the remains of preColumbian civilizations and the Spanish colonial period.

Argentina

CHUCALEZNA. Jorge Preloran, 1979. 22 min. color. PHO Chucalezna is the Quechua Indian name for a remote place in the Humahuaca Canyon in Northwestern Argentina. The almost forgot¬ ten small farming community there is viewed in daily routines, such as cultivating the land. Shows the isolated school house and its influence in the community. In Spanish with English subtitles.

THE INNER WORLD OF JORGE LUIS BORGES. manities, n.d. 28i min. color. FFTH

Films for the Hu¬

About the noted Argentinian writer Jorge Luis Borges, his literary

Latin America--South America

209

sources and his fictional world. Discusses how he creates new works and his way of life. Narrated by Borges himself and Joseph Wiseman.

JUAN PERON. Hearst, n.d. min. b/w. KING

(Screen News Digest Series.)

14

A biography of the leader of Argentina, Juan Domingo Peron, who rose to power, fell, and rose to power again in 1973.

THE ONA PEOPLE: LIFE AND DEATH IN TIERRA DEL FUEGO. Anne Chapman and Ana Montes de Gonzales, 1977. 55 min. color. DOCE Tells the grim story of the much-abused Selk'nam (or Ona) Indians who lived on the island Tierra del Fuego now divided between Chile and Argentina. Over the years the Indians were victims of the Europeans, even suffering genocide at their hands. This film traces the history of the Selk'nam /Ona and presents a look at the last two surviving, aged members of the tribe, Lola and Angela, now deceased.

THE PAYMENT OF TERESA VIDELA. Niccolo Caldararo, 1979. 11 min. color. CALD An account of the arrest and murder of a young student by the Argentine army. Uses data obtained from Argentinian sources.

TASK FORCE SOUTH: THE BATTLE FOR THE FALKLANDS. BBC, 1982. 120 min. color. FI A complete account of the Battle for the Falklands, the islands off the coast of Argentina--Britain's biggest military operation since World War II. Uses on-location footage of actual events. Explains the issues in the conflict between Argentina and Great Britain.

ZERDA'S CHILDREN. Jorge Preloran, 1978. 53 min. color. PHO Explores the plight of the Zerdas, a family in Argentina. Presents the father as an intelligent man, an illiterate serf, who works clear¬ ing vast forests. Tells of his daily life, his dreams for his children whom he supports on earnings of one dollar a day. In Spanish with English narration by Henry Fonda.

Bolivia

DOCTORA.

Linda Post and Eugene Rosow, 1983.

52 min.

color.

CURC A report on the life and work of the "Dr. Schweitzer of the Andes"

Filmography of the Third World

210

who has been providing health care in the mountains, jungles and barrios of Bolivia, South America's poorest country. Explores the problems of poverty and disease in the Third World, the attitude of the medical profession, the impact of economic, cultural and geo¬ graphical conditions in control of illness.

I SPENT MY LIFE IN THE MINES. June Nash, Juan Rojas and Eduardo Ibanez, n.d. 40 min. color. CIGU An account of the peasant descendants of the ancient Indian people of Bolivia who are part of the industrial labor force. By telling the story of a miner, the film also relates the rise and fall of the mining industry and Bolivia's political history.

Brazil

BAHIA. New Line, 1976. 118 min. color. Directed by Marcel Camus. With Mira Fonesca, Zeni Pereira. In Portuguese with English subtitles. NLC The director of BLACK ORPHEUS, Marcel Camus, once again gives a look at the slums of Brazil. In this case, the focus is on the province of Bahia and the story concerns a couple who, despite the fact that he is a street hustler and the woman is a prostitute, maintain their love for each other. The photography captures the beauty of Bahia, and the atmosphere of despair and poverty is juxtaposed with the surrounding cultural elements: voodoo, Chris¬ tianity, dancing.

BRAZIL: A BAHIAN MENU. MTI Teleprograms, n.d. (The World of Cooking Series.) 27i min. color. MTI Presents Brazil as an intriguing blend of Portuguese, Indian and West African cultures. Also a master chef demonstrates the style of cooking in the Bahia region where the African influence is strong. Meals described use ingredients such as fish, chicken, and bananas.

BRAZIL: SOUTH AMERICA'S GIANT. Andrew Nemes, 1979. 18 min. color. PHO Tells the history of the fifth largest country of the world. Covers geography, economy, culture, lifestyle. Shows Brazil's present important economic position in the world.

BYE BYE BRAZIL. Unifilm, 1980. 110 min. color. Directed by Carlos Diegues; screenplay by Carlos Diegues; photography by Laura Escorel Filho. With Betty Faria, Jose Wilker, Fabio Junior. In Portuguese with English subtitles. NYF A small band of travelling performers, outmoded in a modern, fast-

Latin America--South America

211

changing Brazil, make their way through much of the country--the coast, the jungles, Brasilia, and the dry northeast. Although the story is concerned with the various romances and tensions of mem¬ bers of the troupe, the real subject is Brazil itself. The director is one of the "fathers" of Cinema Novo.

CAPOEIRA OF BRAZIL. Warington Hudlin, 1981. 10 min. color. BFDS Presents a performance of "Capoeira," a dance form that is actually derived from an Afro-Brazilian martial art that involves men dancing on their hands and fighting with their feet. Because this activity was outlawed during the times of the slave trade, the African slaves disguised it as a dance which was sometimes used as a means of es¬ cape.

CARNAVAL. Granada Television, n.d. 50 min. color. GTI Covers the five-day pre-Lent festival in Bahia, Northern Brazil. Shows the competition for best float in the festival and the poor momentarily becoming kings of the town.

THE DREAM--BRAZIL. Salesian Missions, n.d. 27 min. color. MTP A portrait of modern Brazil, a country of contrasts: dazzling beauty and severe poverty. Includes scenes of Brasilia. Tells about efforts in job training for the poor.

DRY WEATHER CHRONICLE. AB/Billon, Menget, Schiano, n.d. 70 min. color. FI A study of the former headhunters of Brazil's northern Mattogrosso --the Chicou people. Now the tribe is relocated in an area where former enemies reside. Shows the Chicou in various activities in¬ cluding communal hunting, fishing with poison, and a puberty rite that involves tattooing.

THE FLOUR MILL. Gerald Sarno, n.d. 13 min. color. CIGU An account of the old process of transforming the manioc plant into flour, which serves as the main nourishment of the people of north¬ eastern Brazil. Traces the use of the manioc plant to the Indians who taught the colonizers how to use it. Covers farming, harvest¬ ing, mill work, and sale of flour at the weekly fair. In Portuguese with English subtitles.

GEOGRAPHY OF SOUTH AMERICA:

BRAZIL.

Coronet, 1977.

Re¬

vised ed. 10 min. color. COR An updated version of an earlier film which surveys the tropical

212

Filmography of the Third World

rainforests of the Amazon basin. Also presents a look at the transAmazonian Highway, a coffee fazenda, cacao and Carnuba palm groves, and Brazil's major cities.

IAWO. Gerald Sarno, n.d. 40 min. color. CIGU A report on African religious practices that were brought to the Americas by slaves and have survived to this day. Focuses on the Yoruba cult of the Orisha, which is particularly strong in Cuba and Brazil and has provided patterns of behavior and a means of mutual assistance to the black population. Includes scenes of an initiation of women into a temple in a Bahian town. In Portuguese with English subtitles.

IRACEMA. Stopfilm/ZDF, n.d. 90 min. color. CIGU An award-winning feature film about an Indian girl, Iracema (an anagram for America), who leaves her Amazon village to try life in the city. She survives by prostitution, then meets a truck driver who takes her on a journey on the Trans-Amazon Highway, which symbolizes the "new" Brazil. Eventually she returns to the life of misery. Directed by Jorge Bodanzky. In Portuguese with English subtitles.

JARI. Stopfilm/ZDF, n.d. 60 min. color. CIGU Investigates the industrial project in the Amazon basin developed by an American-born land developer. Studies the human and eco¬ logical impact of the project. Contains interviews with government officials and an ecologist.

LETTERS. Sluizer Films, 1974. 9 min. color. PHO Tells about a community effort to read and write which has taken place in a small fishing and agricultural village on the coast of Brazil. Explains how the people had become aware of the need to adapt to the advances of modern civilization.

THE LIBERTARIANS. CIGU

Lauro Escorel Fiho, n.d.

29 min.

b/w

Uses archival footage to explore the development of the working class in Brazil at the turn of the century. Shows waves of immi¬ grants arriving, learning to adjust to the requirements of urban labor when they can't find land for agricultural work.

MACUNAIMA. Films de Serro, Grupo Films and Condor Films, 1972. 95 min. color. Directed by Joaquim Pedro de Andrade; screen¬ play by Andrade based on the novel by Mario de Andrade; photography by Guido Cosullch. With Gaade Otelo, Paula Jose,

Latin America--South America Jardel Filho, Dira Sfat. NLC

213 In Portuguese with English subtitles.

An example of the "Cinema Novo" movement in Brazil, this is a surrealistic comedy that blends the real social and political issues of Brazil with myth and fantasy. The director uses the theme of cannibalism to portray Brazil as a country in the process of de¬ stroying itself. A black dwarf leaves his home, the jungle, for adventures in the big city: an affair with an urban guerrilla and an encounter with a giant cannibal.

MAN OF LEATHER. Paulo Gil Soares, n.d. 20 min. color. CIGU A report on the life of the cowboy, the vaqueiro, in the Brazilian Northeast. A poetic treatment of the cowboys' lives, their relation¬ ship to their animals. In Portuguese with English subtitles.

NOEL NUTELS. Marcos Altberg, n.d. 30 min. color. CIGU An English language narration combined with rare scenes of Indian life, including footage shot by the man who is the subject of this film, provide an account of the Jewish physician who specialized in health care and preventive medicine in the Brazilian jungles. Gives a history of Brazil's policy toward Indians. Describes the plight of the Indian groups in Brazil and gives a rare look at a Kwarip ritual used at the death of notable members of the tribe.

NORTH BRAZIL. William Claiborne, 1973. (Latin America: Focus on People Series.) 18 min. color. SEF A documentary about the vast interior of Brazil and its recent de¬ velopment. Discusses Brasilia, why it was built to serve as capi¬ tal, its present population and function. Shows the Amazon River, northeastern ports, Salvador (Bahia) and Racife. Discusses food, lifestyle of the people, poverty and other problems. Shows remote Indian groups living in the forest.

SOUTH BRAZIL. William Claiborne, 1973. (Latin America: Focus on People Series.) 18 min. color. SEF Takes a look at the subtropical southern region of Brazil, the only place, for example, where wheat grows. Discusses crops, imports, and exports (chiefly coffee). Shows the coffee port of Brazil, San¬ tos. Visits Sao Paulo, a great modern city, where automobile manu¬ facture is the major industry. Shows the rich Pareiba valley site of rife, oil, water power, and the dramatic city of Rio de Janeiro in contrast with slums, poverty, labor problems.

THE SUGAR MILL. Gerald Sarno, n.d. 10 min. color. CIGU Depicts the old methods still used to produce sugar in the Brazilian northeast involving the family and a few helpers. Shows how brown

214

Filmography of the Third World

sugar is manufactured in the form of bricks (rapadura). guese with English subtitles.

In Portu¬

VISION OF JUAZEIRO. Eduardo Escorel, n.d. 19 min. color. CIGU Tells how a small town in northeastern Brazil became a religious shrine. Because of the leadership of Father Cicero, who died in 1935, the town developed in importance. Now thousands of pil¬ grims are drawn to the area for religious festivities every year. In Portuguese with English subtitles.

THE WITCHY WEED. Paulo Gil Soares, n.d. 21 min. color. CIGU A report on the tobacco industry in Brazil that covers history, techniques and economics. Also looks at the people connected with tobacco production, both the owners and the workers. Discusses the illnesses contracted, loss of work due to increasing mechaniza¬ tion. In Portuguese with English subtitles.

Chile

AVENUE OF THE AMERICAS. Walter Locke, n.d. 82 min. color. CIGU A feature-length documentary about the events described in the Costa-Gavras film, MISSING. Tells how the Popular Unity govern¬ ment in Chile was overthrown and President Allende killed. In¬ cludes footage of the Allende period and interviews with workers, students, professionals and members of the opposition. Explores reasons for the overthrow. Note: the script writer for this film was shot to death in 1972 because of his knowledge of details in the overthrow. In English and Spanish with English subtitles. Directed by Jorge Reyes.

CHILE. Journal Films, 1976. min. color. JFI

(Families of the World Series.)

19

A visit with two youths of Chile--one, the son of a wealthy landowner; the other, a member of a poor family. Through their com¬ ments and daily routines the viewer learns details of geography, social life, including the Chilean rodeo.

THE DEAD ARE NOT SILENT. and b/w. NTF

Studio H & S, 1978.

80 min.

color

A visit with two widows whose husbands (defense ministers in the Chilean Unidad Popular) were killed because they knew too much. The women tell their story and explain how their own lives are more closely than ever entwined with their nation's struggle.

Latin America--South America

215

IT'S RAINING IN SANTIAGO. New Line, 1974. 110 min. color. Directed by Helvio Soto. With Bibi Andersson, Jean-Louis Trintignant. In French with English subtitles. NLC A French political drama that re-creates the way in which the Pres¬ ident of Chile, Salvatore Allende, was deposed via a U.S.-sponsored coup. In telling its story, the film reveals the social and political atmosphere in Chile.

MISSING PERSONS. b/w. CHIL

J. Barrios and P. Bender, 1980.

25 min.

A firsthand report of repression in Chile. Three Chilean women, relatives of missing political prisoners, tell the details. The film explores the implications for the international human rights debate and U.S. foreign policy.

Colombia

BOGOTA. Lucerne Films, 1981. 13 min. color. LFI About the past and present of Colombia's capital, Bogota. Depicts the attractive features of a rich tradition and the attributes of a modern, prosperous city. Includes scenes of churches, museums, historical points, and exhibits that show the high quality of Colom¬ bia's artisans over many centuries.

BOGOTA: FRAGMENTS OF A CITY. International Film Foundation, n.d. 15 min. color and b/w. IFF A visual essay on the character and people of Colombia's old capital city. Shows poverty, the special aspects of the culture, the way the Colombian people view the outside world.

COLOMBIA, A COUNTRY IMPOVERISHED. Lucerne Films, 1982. Revised ed. 26 min. color. LFI Shows the terrible conditions in Colombia where eighty-five percent of the population lives in poverty. Describes meager salaries for peasants, substitution of one kind of poverty in the rural areas for another for those who move to urban locations; children becoming beggars, prostitutes to help sustain their families; malnutrition; premature death.

COLOMBIA AND VENEZUELA. William Claiborne, 1973. (Latin America: A Focus on People Series.) 17 min. color. SEF Describes the two most northern countries of South America. Gives views of the large cities in the mountain valleys high above the hot lowlands. Shows the poor people in both countries who are unskilled workers, and the one-product economy of Latin

Filmography of the Third World

216

American nations--coffee in Colombia, oil in Venezuela. Examines the life of the Indians--in some cases the same as it was centuries ago. Includes an overview of history and culture.

EMBERA--THE END OF THE ROAD. Granada Television, n.d. (Disappearing World Series.) 50 min. color. GTI About the Embera, a proud people who refused to work for the Spaniards four centuries ago with the result that slaves were im¬ ported from Africa. Now the former slaves have pushed the Em¬ bera into the remote jungle. The film ponders their future in light of a recent decision by the Colombian government to con¬ struct the last section of the Pan American Highway in their ter¬ ritory .

GABRIEL AND ARMANDO. United Nations, 1969. 27 min. color. UN, MAR A report on SENA, the national apprenticeship training school in Colombia, as seen through the firsthand experiences of two men from lower-class Colombian families who, because of the training program, are working in factories. Discusses their feelings and aspirations. Available in Spanish language version.

LOS GAMINES. Salesian Missions, n.d. 28 min. color. MTP A report on the poor street children of Bogota, Colombia and what the Salesian missions are doing to turn the children away from stealing and scavenging to become hard-working people. Follows one missionary as he performs his work. Available in a Spanish language version.

GOLD: THE SACRED METAL. 17 min. color. IFF

International Film Foundation, n.d.

The story of gold and what people have done to get it. Tells about the Spanish conquest of Latin American Indians with the Koquis of Colombia used as an example. Shows them using golden masks in ritual dances near a holy lake, and local treasure seekers digging for art objects from grave sites. Also views workshops where gold replicas of ancient treasures are crafted.

HIGHLAND PEOPLE. William Claiborne, 1970. Series.) 13 min. color. SEF

(Places People Live

Compares the daily life of the Aruaco Indians of northern Colombia, who live in the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta foothills raising sheep, with the life of the Dogon people of Sangha in Mali, an agricultural people. Compares the crafts and processes of both peoples. A non-narrated film.

»

Latin America--South America JUST LATHER, THAT'S ALL. min. color. LEC

217 John Sebert Productions, 1975.

21

A film adaptation of the short story by Colombian author Hernando Tellez which tells about the psychological maneuvering of a brutal Latin American captain (the pursuer) and the revolutionary small town barber (the pursued), who is shaving the general.

THE LAST OF THE CUIVA. World Series.) 65 min.

Brian Moser, 1979. color. ISHI, GTI

(Disappearing

A portrait of the last six hundred of the dying tribe of Cuiva In¬ dians in Colombia who still live a Stone Age lifestyle. They are naked hunters who know nothing of the outside world. Like the Native Americans in the U.S. 150 years ago, the Cuiva people are being driven off their land and massacred if they fight back.

THE LEGEND OF THE PARAMO. color. PHO

Gabriela Samper, 1977.

22 min.

A young apprentice muledrive is headed for the Upper Paramo in Colombia. His fears of the location and the cold climate blend with the legends he knows. He encounters the phantom arriero (muledriver) and in his imagination conquers his fear. Available also in a Spanish language version.

MISA COLOMBIANA. Anne Fischel and Glenn McNatt, 1976. 20 min. b/w. DOCE A haunting study of the plight of migrant rural poor who live on the fringes of large cities in Latin America. Explores the life of people who live near the municipal dump at Medellin, Colombia and who glean daily the leavings of the well-to-do. The priest who says mass for the poor in the film is reported to have been ar¬ rested, tortured and killed in a Colombian jail in 1980.

RAQUIRA. International Film Foundation, n.d. (Life in Colombia Series.) 9 min. color. IFF A portrait of an old man who reflects on his youth. Compares his story with that of a young boy whose own youth is not very much different. Studies the impact of modernization on the old ways.

RIVER PEOPLE. William Claiborne, 1970. (Places People Live Ser¬ ies.) 12 min. color. SEF Compares the people who live near the Magdelena River delta in Colombia with the people who live along the Niger River in the Republic of Mali. The contrasts include the mixed ethnic stock of the Colombian people, who build their houses on stilts and travel by boat, and the people who live in thatched huts near hippopota-

218

Filmography of the Third World

muses and crocodiles and who cultivate crops along the river banks. A non-narrated film.

SAND FISHERMEN. International Film Foundation, n.d. (Life in Colombia Series.) 9 min. color. IFF A film without narration on the construction of Colombia's skyscrap¬ ers and modern roads. Shows workers gathering the sand to make cement. The movements are treated poetically.

SCENES FROM TRAVEL IN COLOMBIA. Daniel Smith, 1978. 26 min. color. PHO A view of the contrasts in contemporary life in Colombia. Compares age-old ways with the impact of the new world outside: Pepsi Cola and witchcraft, a fountain pen and illiteracy, a transistor radio and a rural village.

Ecuador

ALFONSO, A LONG WAY HOME. United Nations, 1969. 21 min. color. JFI Depicts the problem of a present-day group of Indians in Ecuador who have been weaving wool in the centuries-old manner but are now in competition with industrial mass production. Illustrates how a training center is helping the Indians with new weaving and mar¬ keting techniques. Also available in Spanish language version.

ECUADOR. Lucerne Films, 1981. 12 min. color. LFI Illustrates the varied geography of Ecuador from its Pacific Coast to the Andes mountains. Shows the life of the people, which re¬ flects the vast differences of terrain and the traditions of the past Gives glimpses of major cities and small villages, emphasizing their distinctive character.

MINGA--WE WORK TOGETHER. BEA

Beacon, 1983.

14 min.

color.

Shows how the pattern of life for the Quechuan Indians who live in a remote Ecuadorean mountain village hasn't changed much for five hundred years. A young girl and her family are observed. The typical day is spent with chores; there is no school; adequate food, water and shelter make life relatively easy. Shows a visit to the Indian market. "Minga" is the term for the custom of the commun¬ ity working together in harmony.

NFL PLAYERS CARE REPORT #2: 13 min. color. CARE1",

ECUADOR, PERU.

CARE,

1982.

Latin America--South America

219

Members of the National Football League Players Association are seen visiting needy people in remote villages of Ecuador and Peru. The players also participate in local sports activities.

A PEOPLE IN PROGRESS--ECUADOR. min. color MTP

Salesian Missions, n.d.

28

A film made in the high Andes of Ecuador to show the rugged beauty of the country and the positive account of the small farmers' achieve¬ ment in gaining independence and some prosperity through organiza¬ tion and cooperation.

SUGAR IS NOT ENOUGH. Beacon, 1983. 14 min. color. BEA A fourteen-year-old boy and his family in Ecuador's Amazon jungle are observed in typical daily routines. The family is involved with sugar cane farming. Indicates that the family works hard and there isn't much future for the boy.

Guiana (includes Guyana, French Guiana, and Surinam)

I SHALL MOULDER BEFORE I SHALL BE TAKEN. S. Allen Counter and David L. Evans, 1978. 58 min. color. EDC A report on the expedition made by two black educators from Har¬ vard University to Surinam (formerly Dutch Guiana) in South Amer¬ ica to study the Djuka tribes, descendents of West Africans who were brought to South America as slaves for Dutch plantations in the 1600's and who escaped into the jungle where they have pre¬ served their ancient black culture to this day. Narrated by James Earl Jones.

TERROR AND THE TIME. Victor Jara Collective, n.d. 75 min. b/w. TWN A poetic treatment of the Guyanese people that praises their strength in the face of poverty and repression. This provides a rare oppor¬ tunity to learn about the Guyanese situation--a subject neglected by filmmakers.

Peru

BETWEEN HEAVEN AND EARTH.

United Nations, n.d.

27 min.

color. UN, MAR A view of the six million descendants of the Inca people whose civi¬ lization reached great heights before the time of Columbus. Shows the poverty in mountain farms or in squatter towns outside urban

220

Filmography of the Third World

areas. Illustrates what the United Nations is doing to assist this troubled population with improved farming, commercialized hand¬ crafts, establishment of rural cooperatives. Follows some migrants as they try to adjust to life in Lima, Peru.

CEMETERY OF THE ELEPHANTS. Producciones Cinematograficas Nacionales, 1975. 17 min. color. FI A non-narrated poetic allegory, the work of a noted Peruvian film¬ maker. The story is concerned with the cyclical nature of life as scenes shift back and forth between a young aspiring writer, who is seen preparing to leave home for a career elsewhere, and a de¬ termined old man, who marches across the rugged terrain returning home. As the two men pass each other, they seem to reflect the combined future and past. An example of modern Latin American cinema.

CHIMBOTE: A BETTER PLACE TO LIVE. United Nations, 1971. 27 min. color. UN, MAR A report on the Peruvian earthquake in 1970 which hit the city, Chimbote, very hard. Shows how emergency assistance was of¬ fered from foreign sources and how the United Nations helped Peru plan a new city with Polish and Yugoslav experts who had already rebuilt cities in their own countries after war or an earthquake.

CIMARRONES. Carlos Ferrand, 1983. 24 min. color. CIGU A docu-drama, filmed in Peru, recreates the life of African slaves in their slave villages in the nineteenth century, and shows an attack on a Spanish caravan. Explains how after the Spanish con¬ quistadors wiped out the Inca population in the sixteenth century, they brought Africans to Peru as slave labor. The slaves rebelled and the runaways (cimarrones) established villages in the mountains

DISCOVERING THE MOCHE. Christopher Donna, Richard Cowan, and William B. Lee, 1979. 25 min. color. UCA A study of the pre-Incan civilization of the Moche people who flour¬ ished between 100 B.C. and A.D. 700 in Peru's northern coastal plain. Gives a look at their varied realistic art, which depicts such things as hunting, fishing, combat, clothing styles, sexual acts, and body ornamentation.

FRANCISCO PIZARRO: INCA NATION, PERU, 1532. BBC/TimeLife, 1977. (Ten Who Dared Series.) 52 min. color. TL An account of the first European visit to Peru, that of the Pizarro expedition which was marked by brutality and treachery. Explains the plight and eventual decline of the Inca culture from this time. Narrated by Anthony Quinn.

Latin America--South America THE HEALER. Maryknoll, n.d. 24 Examines the relationship between a man of the Aymara Indian people of toms of the Aymaras are contrasted Latin American Catholics.

IN SEARCH OF INCA TREASURE. 1976. 26 min. color. PYR

221 min. color. MAFI Catholic missioner and a holy Peru. Ancient rites and cus¬ with the traditional rites of

Alan Landsburg Productions,

Narrator Leonard Nimoy explores what is known about the ancient capital of the Incas. Points out that all the precious treasure has disappeared.

THE INCAS. Anna Benson-Gyles, n.d. 59 min. color. DOCE The study of one of the most complex civilizations of Latin America, whose original empire ranged 2,000 miles from Ecuador to Chile and 350,000 square miles. Tells about work by contemporary anthropol¬ ogists and archaeologists. For example, one expert focuses on the paved roads of the Incas constructed in straight lines with way sta¬ tions every dozen miles. Another one studies an administrative cen¬ ter located 12,000 feet above sea level.

JULIA, THE GOURDCARVER. Coronet, 1980. 25 min. color. COR The 4,000-year-old Inca tradition is represented by gourdcarving which the Inca people use to record legends and history. Depicts an Inca girl learning to carve her own life story on a gourd which she later sells for money.

MASTER WEAVERS OF THE ANDES. Cineco, 1977. 15 min. color. EBEC A look at Peruvian weavers who work in isolated villages in the Andes mountains. Traces the designs and techniques to the Inca and pre-Columbian civilizations. Shows the art to be part of fam¬ ily and village life.

NFL PLAYERS CARE REPORT #2: ECUADOR, PERU. CARE, 1982. 13 min. color. CARE Members of the National Football League Players Association are seen visiting needy people in remote villages of Ecuador and Peru. The players also participate in local sports activities.

PERU: LITERACY FOR SOCIAL CHANGE. Osterried Productions, 1978. 30 min. color. ICF A report on programs to deal with illiteracy in Peru. Follows the course work from beginning to end and shows the impact on the peasants of a cooperative cotton farm.

Filmography of the Third World

222

PERU: PEOPLE OF THE SUN. Centron, 1977. 24i min. color. CEN An overview of the many ancient cultures that existed in Peru: the Nazca, the Mochicas, the Huaris, the Chimu, and the Incas. Presents on-location scenes plus artwork and maps to explain the history and special characteristics of these ancient civilizations.

QEROS: THE SHAPE OF SURVIVAL. John Cohen, 1979. 50 min. color. FI Describes the life of the Qeros Indians of the Peruvian Andes. Covers their religious practices, agriculture, economic status, and music. Emphasizes the fact of their ecological harmony.

ROSE DE LIMA. Montfauchon Research Center, 1976. 42 min. color. CCC A visual essay on the third anniversary of the founding of the city, Villa El Salvador, a pueblo joven located in the desert near Lima, Peru. Shows the people in their daily activities.

THREE MILES HIGH. BBC, 1981. (Great Railway Journeys of the World Series.) 60 min. color. FI Follows the route of the world's highest railroad which climbs the Peruvian Andes to a height of 15,000 feet. The journey includes scenes of Cuzco, the ancient Inca capital, La Paz, and the high Andes where passengers require oxygen to breathe. Includes a risky steamer trip across Lake Titicaca during a storm.

Venezuela

ARROWS. color.

Timothy Asch and Napoleon Chagnon, 1975. DOCE

10 min.

A study of the Yanomamo people, the largest Indian group in the Amazon Basin. Shows a group of boys fighting in the village clear¬ ing. They use blunt arrows, practice to aim and to dodge.

THE AX FIGHT. min. color.

Timothy Asch and Napoleon Chagnon, 1975. DOCE

30

A study of the Yanomamo people, the largest Indian group in the Amazon Basin. Studies a fight between two factions: the residents of Mishimishimabowei-teri and visitors from another village. The con¬ flict involving clubs, then axes and machetes, is shown and explained.

BRIDE SERVICE. Timothy Asch and Napoleon Chagnon, 1975. min. color. DOCE >

10

Latin America--South America

223

Examines sex roles of the Yanomamo people and their division of labor and obligations within the family. A young man delivers food for his father-in-law but, because of taboos, must not deliver it di¬ rectly. Shows how the situation is handled.

A CLEARING IN THE JUNGLE. Granada Television, n.d. (Disap¬ pearing World Series.) 38 min. color. GTI Studies the Panare Indians who live in the jungles of the Northern Amazon, only 300 miles from Caracas, Venezuela. Despite outer in¬ fluences, the Panare Indians lead a Stone Age existence. Although they have received offers to work longer hours to produce more tobacco, they are not interested.

COLOMBIA AND VENEZUELA. William Claiborne, 1973. (Latin America: A Focus on People Series.) 17 min. color. SEF Describes the two most northern countries of South America. Gives views of the large cities in the mountain valleys high above the hot lowlands. Shows the poor people in both countries who are unskilled workers, and the one-product economy of Latin American nations--coffee in Colombia, oil in Venezuela. Examines the life of the Indians—in some cases the same as it was centuries ago. In¬ cludes an overview of history and culture.

EL DOMADOR. Joaquin Cortes, 1979. 30 min. color. FI Gives a view of the harsh life in rural Venezuela. Shows the daily life of the South American cowboy (el domador) and the poverty and illness of the villagers.

ISLAND PEOPLE. William Claiborne, 1970. (Places People Live Series.) 14 min. color. SEF Compares the daily life of the Tugen and Njemps tribes who live on a small island in Lake Baringo in Northern Kenya with the people of Marguerita Island (Nueva Espart) off the coast of Venezuela. The island in Kenya is barren so the people live mostly from fish from the lake. The people of Marguerita Island gather salt from the tidal flats and harvest it. Also, they cut sugar cane and catch fish. A non-narrated film.

JAGUAR: A YANOMAMO TWIN CYCLE MYTH AS TOLD BY DARAMASIWA. Timothy Asch and Napoleon Chagnon, n.d. 22 min. color. DOCE A study of the Yanomamo people, the largest Indian group in the Amazon Basin. Presents a master storyteller recounting the story of Jaguar, a prominent figure in South American Indian mythology. A story of spirits, death, and revenge.

224 JUAN FELIX SANCHEZ. UCA

Filmography of the Third World Calogero Salvo, 1982.

27 min.

color.

An 82-year-old Venezuelan folk artist speaks of his life and works in this documentary filmed in his home area of forty years, a re¬ mote valley 12,000 feet up in the Andes mountains. Shows his weaving, sculpture and architecture. Sponsored by Banco Provin¬ cial. In Spanish and available with English or French subtitles.

LISTEN CARACAS. Carlos Azpurua, n.d. 19 min. color. DOCE Provides insights into the cultural genocide conducted by nineteenthand twentieth-century colonizers who treated the Indians poorly be¬ cause of lack of understanding and respect. Compares the Indian concept of land as a communal possession with the concept of indi¬ vidual ownership of land in Western culture. Includes an impas¬ sioned statement by the last surviving Yecuana Chaman (Chief) in the Amazon region. Also available in Spanish version.

MOONBLOOD: A YANOMAMO CREATION MYTH AS TOLD BY DEDEHEIWA. Timothy Asch and Napoleon Chagnon, 1975. 14 min. color. DOCE A master storyteller, shaman Dedeheiwa of the Yanomamo people, the largest Indian group in the Amazon Basin, tells the myth which accounts for the creation of human beings and for their ferocity.

MOSORI MONIKA. Chick Strand, n.d. 20 min. color. STRA A documentary on acculturation that describes the life and culture of the Warao Indians of the Orinoco River delta in Venezuela. The impact of Spanish, i.e., Western, culture on the Indians is studied as Franciscan nuns attempt to "civilize" the Warao people.

MYTH OF NARO AS TOLD BY DEDEHEIWA. Timothy Asch and Napoleon Chagnon, 1975. 22 min. color. DOCE Presents a master storyteller, the village shaman, of the Yanomamo people, the largest Indian group in the Amazon Basin, telling a myth of Naro the Ugly, a tale about magical charms used for evil. In Yanamamo with a voice-over English translation.

MYTH OF NARO AS TOLD BY KAOBAWA. leon Chagnon, 1975. 22 min. color.

Timothy Asch and Napo¬ DOCE

Another storyteller, a village headman, tells the same story as that told in MYTH OF NARO AS TOLD BY DEDEHEIWA above. This storyteller has a different, more reflective, style. In Yanamamo with a voice-over English translation.

NEW TRIBES MISSION. Timothy Asch and Napoleon Chagnon, 1975. 12 min. color. DOCfi ,

Latin America--South America

225

A study of the Yanamamo people, the largest Indian group in the Amazon Basin. In this case, shows a mission with a missionaryteacher who attempts to convert the Indians to Christianity. De¬ picts details of material processes of changes: some Indians naked, and others in Western dress; guns side by side with cane arrows.

RAIN FOREST PEOPLE. Sterling, 1970. (Places People Live Ser¬ ies.) 14 min. color. SEF Compares the lifestyle of the Bambito people, a pygmy tribe of no¬ madic hunters in Uganda near the Congo, with the life of the Waika Indians of Venezuela, who are largely an agricultural people. A non-narrated film.

TAPIR DISTRIBUTION. Timothy Asch and Napoleon Chagnon, 1975. 15 min. color. DOCE A tapir is killed and offered by a man to his brothers-in-law to re¬ inforce his alliance after a village conflict. Shows preparation of the meat and its distribution according to status. Part of a study of the Yanomamo people of the Amazon Basin.

TUG-OF-WAR, YANOMAMO. Timothy Asch and Napoleon Chagnon, 2975. 9 min. color. DOCE Examines the women and children of the Yanomamo people playing a game of tug-of-war. This is the largest group of Indians in the Amazon Basin.

EL ULTIMO BAILE.

(THE LAST DANCE.)

Regge Life, 1982.

7

min. color. BFDS A study of African culture in South America. Follows the funeral of an old man in a small town in Venezuela that combines the Afri¬ can practice of burial with the Christian service. Indicates how the black people of African descent attempt to keep in constant touch with their ancestors. In Spanish with English subtitles.

THE WARAO. Jorge Preloran, 1978. 57 min. color. UCA A report on the people of the boat, the Warao, who live at the mouth of the Orinoco River delta in eastern Venezuela. Scenes re¬ flect the activities of the people at work and in relaxation. Shows the shaman's methods of conflict resolution that have replaced vio¬ lence .

WEEDING THE GARDEN.

Timothy Asch and Napoleon Chagnon,

1975. 14 min. color. DOCE In this study of the Yanamamo people of the Amazon Basin, the vil¬ lage shaman is observed weeding his manioc garden and then resting while being massaged and groomed by his family.

226 §

Filmography of the Third World WEST INDIES

General

THE CARIBBEAN. Sterling, n.d. (Latin America: ple Series.) 21 min. color. SEF

Focus on Peo¬

Filmed in the Caribbean Islands from western Cuba to Barbados. Gives details of slavery in the colonial history of the area. De¬ scribes present-day racial barriers and feelings of exploitation. Compares Puerto Rico, Cuba, the Netherlands Antilles, Haiti, in terms of lifestyle, economy, freedom, poverty, and power.

CARIBBEAN--PICTURE TREASURES. 1974. 28 min. color. EAKO

Eastman Kodak Company,

A visit to the Caribbean. Covers the ports of call of a cruise ship: Virgin Islands, Guadeloupe, Dominica, Martinique, Grenada, Trini¬ dad, Curasao, and Jamaica. Depicts the unique features of each island visited.

Barbados

BARBADOS, A CULTURE IN PROGRESS. Organization of Ameri¬ can States, 1974. 15 min. color. PADF A brief tour of the Caribbean island, Barbados, with emphasis on cultural patterns.

COREEN. United Nations, 1970. 27 min. color. UN, MAR Follows a woman whose situation is typical of many Caribbean is¬ landers. She longs to go to the bustling United States and yet is aware that her skills as a nurse are badly needed in her homeland, Barbados.

Cuba

THE ADVENTURES OF JUAN QUIN QUIN. Cuban Film Institute, 1975. 113 min. b/w. (widescreen version only) CIGU A comedy-adventure about a man and his girlfriend who rush through a series of adventures during which he assumes various roles: a bullfighter, an altar boy, a circus roustabout, a revolu¬ tionary. The film is also a spoof of film genres and styles, slap¬ stick, musicals, anti-clerical satire, gangster movies, even the So¬ viet Socialist Realism School. In Spanish with English subtitles.

t

Latin America--West Indies

227

CUBA AND FIDEL. Focal Point, 1976. 24 min. color. CHU An account of the changes and the unchanged aspects of Fidel Cas¬ tro and his country, Cuba. Castro discusses the revolution, the social system, freedom, and relations with the United States.

CUBAN MISSILE CRISIS. Hearst, n.d. 16 min. b/w. KING A step-by-step report on the Cuban Missile Crisis of October 1962. Stresses the issues between the Soviet Union and the United States.

FIDEL CASTRO. Hearst, n.d. 14 min. b/w. KING A study of Fidel Castro's ascendancy to leadership in Cuba and the subsequent change in Cuban-American relations. Includes footage of the Cuban Missile Crisis.

FIRST LOOK, Kavery Dutta, 1983. 60 min. color. ICF Gives the viewer the first look at Cuba's visual culture in over twenty years. Includes examples of contemporary Cuban art and interviews with artists. Discusses government support and goals to reach a large audience. Explores the relationship between art and society.

I AM AN OLD TREE. National Film Board of Canada, 1975. 56 min. color. NFBC Presents the filmmaker's look at life in Cuba, which he shot by wandering "into people's lives" and filming them exactly as they are. The "tree" stands for Cuban society--bending and being bent to¬ ward a different system of values. Directed by Michael Rubbo.

THE MONCADA PROGRAM. Cuban Film Institute, n.d. 51 min. color. CIGU Uses historic and contemporary footage to report on the programs and achievements of the Cuban Revolution. Discusses agrarian re¬ form, nationalization of foreign-owned businesses, improvements in housing, education, and health care. In Spanish with English sub¬ titles .

THE NEW SCHOOL. Cuban Film Institute, n.d. 88 min. color. CIGU A report on Cuba's work-study program started in the 1961 literacy campaign. Depicts the teacher-training program, the system of dis¬ ciplined criticism and self-criticism, the reason for the high passrate.

WAITING FOR FIDEL. color. NFBD

National Film Board of Canada, 1974.

58 min.

228

Filmography of the Third World

Some moviemakers go to Cuba to await a possible opportunity to film Fidel Castro. While passing time, the crew captures good foot¬ age of the new Cuba.

WOMEN IN CUBA: "BUENOS DIAS, COMPANERAS." Vivienne Leebosh, 1975. 58 min. color. PHO A look at four Cuban women of different backgrounds and lifestyles. Tells how the Revolution affected Cuban society. Examines attitudes, male-female roles, work and study. The film was made by Canadian women.

Dominican Republic

THE DOMINICAN REPUBLIC. Dominican Republic Tourist Informa¬ tion Center, 1981. 23 min. color. DRTI A travel film that gives an overview of tourist attractions in the Dominican Republic. Touches on the history, culture, and economy of the country.

FUERA YANQUI. Third World Newsreel, n.d. 15 min. b/w. TWN An older film, but one that provides background on the history of the Dominican Republic not available elsewhere. Also analyzes U.S. interests, the economic structure in the Dominican Republic, the political situation, CIA activities, and the U.S. invasion in 1965. With English narration.

IN THEIR SHOES. Peace Corps, 1982. 12 min. color. MTP Shows Peace Corps volunteers at work in various settings in the Dominican Republic. Several retired members of the Peace Corps discuss their adjustments to the new language and people.

INTO THE MOUTHS OF BABES. CBS, 1978. 28 min. color. NACC Exposes the problem of infant malnutrition resulting from the use of powdered milk rather than breast-feeding. Uses the Dominican Re¬ public as an example of third world countries in which mothers have inadequate means of using powdered milk properly. Narrated by Bill Moyers.

THE NEW WORLD. Salesian Missions, n.d. 27 min. color. MTP Features the Salesian Agricultural School of La Vega in Santo Do¬ mingo to give an example of how the small farmers of third world countries are receiving training to improve their farming techniques from the Salesian Missions.

f

Latin America--West Indies

229

NFL PLAYERS CARE REPORT #1: HAITI, DOMINICAN REPUBLIC. CARE, 1982. 12 min. color. CARE Members of the National Football League Players' Association are seen visiting with needy people in their villages, homes, and at work in the Caribbean area, who are being aided through CARE development projects.

Haiti

BITTER CANE. Haiti Films, n.d. 75 min. color. CIGU A report about the history and present-day situation in Haiti. Filmed secretly in order to report on the new agro-industry which brings advantages to businessmen and exploitation of the workers. Depicts the problems of hunger, poverty, dying traditions and life¬ style, uprooted peasantry. Includes interviews with refugees to the U.S., businessmen and workers. Available in English, French and Creole language versions.

DIVINE HORSEMEN: THE LIVING GODS OF HAITI. Cherel Ito, 1977. 54 min. b/w. Cl Avant-garde filmmaker Maya Deren was also involved in ethnographic studies. Her footage of the Vodoun religious practices in Haiti was edited after her death by Teiji and Cherel Ito. Because Deren was initiated as a priestess in the Vodoun religion, she was allowed to film intimate rituals. Directed by Maya Deren in 1947-51.

HAITI. Rosebud Films, 1976. 22 min. color. AIMS About Haiti's history and contemporary situation. Describes the successful slave revolt in 1804 and the later American occupation Compares the African lifestyle of rural Haiti with the French so¬ phistication of the towns.

HAITIAN SONG. Karen Kramer, 1980. 49 min. color. KK Depicts daily life in a small village in rural Haiti. Narration is presented in Creole by a Haitian peasant.

NFL PLAYERS CARE REPORT #1: HAITI, DOMINICAN REPUBLIC. CARE, 1982. 12 min. color. CARE Members of the National Football League Players' Association are seen visiting with needy people in their villages, homes, and at work in the Caribbean area, who are being aided through CARE development projects.

PORTRAIT OF HAITI. Hack Swain Productions, n.d. color. MC, UWI, UIL

14 min.

230

Filmography of the Third World

Through the eyes of a present-day primitive painter, the viewer sees Haiti as a country with an unusual history, culture and reli¬ gion.

TO SERVE THE GODS. Karen Kramer, 1982, 33 min. color. KK A documentary about an eight-day service for the gods in southern Haiti given by a family in honor of its ancestral spirits. Depicts the beliefs and the ritual involved.

Jamaica

ANOTHER KIND OF CHRISTMAS. National Film Board of Canada, 1973. 30 min. color. NFBC Compares the Christmas celebration traditions in Jamaica with those in Canada.

CANE ... AND ABLE. United Nations, 1969. 27 min. color. UN, MAR Review how Jamaica is trying to build a strong economy. Examples shown: Jamaicans who work in cane fields, a newspaper editor, a Scot starting a footwear industry, young farmers, artistic director of the National Dance Company, and others.

CAPITAL OF EARTH: THE MAROONS OF MOORE TOWN. Jefferson Miller, 1979. 38 min. color. PENN A glimpse of the Moore Town Maroons, descendants of escaped slaves who rebelled and gained freedom one hundred years before slavery was abolished in Jamaica. Shows the present-day position and influence of the Maroons. Sponsored by the Organization of American States.

CROCODILE. Washington State University, n.d. 9 min. color. WSU Depicts a hunt for Jamaican crocodiles on the Black River in Jamaica.

FIGHT AGAINST SLAVERY: (6) FREE PAPER COME. BBC, 1975. 52 min. color. TL The last part of a series that deals with the history of slavery from the British point of view. This part tells about one of the last, and most important, slave rebellions, led by Daddy Sharp in Jamaica in 1832. Narrated by Evan Jones.

THE HARDER THEY COME.

Perry Henzell, 1973.

103 min.

color.

Latin America--West Indies

231

Directed by Perry Henzell; screenplay by Perry Henzell and Trevor D. Rhone; photography by Peter Jassop, David McDon¬ ald, and Franklin St. Juste. With Jimmy Cliff, Janet Barkley, Carl Bradshaw. FI Reported to be the first Jamaican feature film made by Jamaicans in Jamaica. A sophisticated treatment of exploitation in the third world that also works as a reggae cult film. Reggae star Jimmy Cliff plays an aspiring black musician who is cheated by the com¬ mercial recording business and decides to rebel, becoming a folk hero in the process.

JAMAICA. UNICEF, 1976. (Families of the World Series.) 19 min. color. JFI A visit with a family in Jamaica. Depicts the father and sons har¬ vesting in the banana fields and taking the harvest via boat to the market. Discusses the history, geography and culture of the island

JAMAICA: THE OTHER CARIBBEAN. WNET, n.d. (Bill Moyers' International Journal Series.) 60 min. color. WNET One of Bill Moyers' television programs that were devoted to inter¬ views and reviews of news events with well-known, informed people This program was concerned with Jamaica as a third world country trying to make a success of its independence.

MY FATHER SUN-SUN JOHNSON. BBC, 1077. 28 min. b/w. BUDG, LEG A story set in Jamaica, based on the book by C. Edward Palmer about a child of divorced parents whose mother plans to marry the man who took over the child's father's plantation after it was lost because of debt. The boy tries to help his now destitute father sell vegetables in the market. A tale of tragedy that gives a real¬ istic look at rural life in Jamaica. Filmed in Jamaica.

ROCKERS. Theodoros Bafaloukos, 1978. 99 min. color. Directed by Theodoros Bafaloukos. With Leroy "Horsemouth" Wallace, Richard "Dirty Harry" Hall, Jacob Miller, Winston "Burning Spear" Rodney. In Rasta Patois with English subtitles. NYF A lively documentary-drama on the Rastafarian culture of Jamaica featuring professional musicians who reenact their experiences. Full of wit and reggae music ("rockers"). The story concerns one of the drummers who decides to fight the local mob's control of the music industry. The adventures that follow give the viewer a good feel for Jamaican ghetto life.

232

Filmography of the Third World Netherlands Antilles (Curaqao)

CURASAO. Lucerne Films, 1981. 14 min. color. LFI Depicts how Curasao and Aruba, islands of the Dutch West Indies, have moved from their old status of active trading stations to a new one as center for the new giant oil industry there. Shows the tour¬ ist attractions (beaches, climate, free port) and the mix of culture and race resulting from three hundred years of colonial rule by the Netherlands.

Puerto Rico

PUERTO RICO. Cuban Film Institute and Tirabuzon Rojo, n.d. 79 min. b/w. CIGU Part one of this documentary analyzes the socioeconomic conditions in contemporary Puerto Rico. Includes information about social classes and political parties. Part two traces the roots of Puerto Rico's independence movement, using archival footage and dramatic reenactments. Spanish dialogue with English subtitles.

PUERTO RICO: A COLONY THE AMERICAN WAY. Diego Echeverria, Terra Productions, 1981. 27 min. color. CIGU Investigates the present crisis in Puerto Rico emerging over its link to the U.S. Shows unemployment, Operation Bootstrap, demon¬ strators protesting military operations on the island of Vieques, Puerto Ricans testifying before the United Nations Committee on Decolonization, tourist attractions in Puerto Rico.

PUERTO RICO: OUR RIGHT TO DECIDE. Stanley Nelson, 1981. 30 min. color. UNME An examination of Puerto Rico's past and present. Uses stills, in¬ terviews, and historical footage to discuss history, culture, and problems. Various Christian denominations are represented in in¬ terviews. Sponsored by the United Christian Church.

PUERTO RICO: PARADISE INVADED. Affonso Beato, n.d. 30 min. color. CIGU A revealing study of Puerto Rico's history and present situation. Deals with issues of concern: economic exile of Puerto Ricans, the independence movement, the impact of industrialization, cultural disintegration, relationship of the commonwealth with the United States. In Spanish dialogue with English subtitles.

PUERTO RICO, U.S.A. Puerto Rico Economic Development Adminis¬ tration, 1980. 24 min. polor. MTP, PRED

Latin America--West Indies

233

A visit to Puerto Rico. Shows its scenes of beauty and describes industry, the people, the culture, as well as recreational attrac¬ tions. Sponsored by the Puerto Rico Economic Development Ad¬ ministration.

Trinidad and Tobago

CARNIVAL ’78. Regge Life, 1978. 10 min. color. BFDS A look at an annual Caribbean carnival held in Trinidad and Tobago. Gives a behind-the-scenes look at preparations, then a chronologi¬ cal account of happenings from the 4:00 a.m. "Jouvert" of the open¬ ing day right up to the last part of the last day.

TERRIFIC AND TRANQUIL. Embassy of Trinidad and Tobago, 1967. 25 min. color. ETT Reveals the atmosphere of Trinidad and Tobago. Discusses the cul¬ ture, agriculture, industry, natural life, and the effort that has been directed at developing this new nation.

THIS LAND OF OURS. Embassy of Trinidad and Tobago, n.d. 33 min. color. ETT An old but historic film that depicts the first anniversary of the celebration of independence for Trinidad and Tobago in 1963. Also shows scenes of the people, the economy, and the government of the two islands.

Windward and Leeward Islands

ANGUILLA. WNET, 1975. 50 min. color. WNET A comprehensive study of West Indian life and the present colonial policy in islands such as Anguilla.

LA SOUFRIERE. Werner Herzog, 1976. 30 min. color. NYF When the news went out that the island of Guadeloupe was to be evacuated because a volcanic eruption was pending, German direc¬ tor Werner Herzog moved in with his film crew to record the event --which never does take place. An eerie study of a deserted city, roaming dogs, blinking lights, and a fuming volcano.

WITH PATSY IN ST. VINCENT. Heather McAndrew, 1981. 15 min. color. ITFE A visit with a thirteen-year-old girl who lives on the Caribbean is¬ land of St. Vincent. Shows her participation in farming the island's

Filmography of the Third World

234

major export commodities--bananas and arrowroot--and her daily life at school, in the city, and at home.

§

BERMUDA

THE CASE OF THE BERMUDA TRIANGLE, BBC, 1976. (Nova Series.) 52 min. color. FI Presents the various explanations of the mysterious occurrences in the Bermuda Triangle--the section of the Atlantic from Bermuda to southern Florida to the Bahamas. Discusses wrecked ships, disap¬ pearing vessels, odd atmospheric conditions. Deals with the vari¬ ous myths and stories that have been told over the years and in¬ cludes interviews with modern theorists who discuss their findings and ideas on the subject.

PORTRAIT OF BERMUDA. Bermuda Department of Tourism, n.d. 28 min. color. MTP Presents Bermuda's special features: clear water, coral-tinted sands, coves, bays, recreational activities. A film designed for tourism.

THE THIRD WORLD IN EUROPE

§

ENGLAND

BEING BLACK. British Open University, 1976. 24 min. color. UMED A lecturer in sociology at the Polytechnic of North London, who came originally from the West Indies in 1968, discusses what it is like to be black in Britain.

BLACKS BRITANNICA. David Koff and Jusindo Mwinyibembe, n.d. 60 min. color. TWN A frank report on racism in England. Depicts the predicament of black immigrants who are increasingly expressing resentment about being kept on the lowest level of society without help or hope from the government. This is a controversial, prize-winning, anti-racist film that has been censored in the United Kingdom and elsewhere.

BLOOD AH GOH RUN! Menelik Shabazz, 1982. 20 min. color. BFDS A look at 1981 in England--the year of the massacre of thirteen young black people in New Cross, London. Uses footage of one funeral that developed into the largest march of black people in England's history. From the march of this Black People's Day of Action was uttered the warning, "Blood ah goh run" ("unless jus¬ tice come"). The film also covers other uprisings.

DREAD BEAT AN' BLOOD. Franco Rosso for Rebel Movies, 1979. 45 min. color. AFOA A profile of Linton Kwesi Johnson, black English poet, who has become a spokesman for Britain's emerging black community. Shows his effort to develop a new oral poetry based on the patois and reggae music of his native Jamaica. Sponsored by the Arts Coun¬ cil of Great Britain.

EXILE. United Nations, 1971. 27 min. color. UN, MAR A visit with a black physician from South Africa who sought a new life in London, England because of the racial discrimination system of apartheid. Shows how he works as a public health officer in

236

Filmography of the Third World

Essex treating predominantly white patients, never forgetting, how¬ ever, his memories of his homeland.

GROVE MUSIC. Henry Martin, 1981. 60 min. color. TWN A concert film depicting a Reggae Carnival in "The Grove," the North Kensington Section of London in 1980. Also examines the relationship of politics and music in the West Indian community. Interviews with musicians alternate with performance scenes. Reggae is shown to be the music of Rastafarianism, with a strong identification with Africa. Reveals the feelings of the black immi¬ grants in England--their frustration and rage, their vision of black unity and love.

STEP FORWARD YOUTH. David Kinoshi and Menelik Shabazz, 1977. 30 min. color. BFDS A film by black British filmmakers about the life of black youth in Britain. All the youth express their feeling that separation is a fact in British life and that they have no desire to be assimilated. Explains how they are working for a black cultural identity.

LIST OF FILM DISTRIBUTORS

AAI

African-American Institute 833 United Nations Plaza, New York, NY 10017 (212) 949-5666

AF

Assocation Films 866 Third Ave., New York, NY 10022 (212) 935-4210 (with branches in Chicago, IL; Arlington, VA, Sun Valley, CA; Dublin, CA) and 333 Adelaide Street West, Toronto, Ontario, M5V 1R6, Canada (416) 362-2501 (with branches in Montreal, Quebec; Vancouver, B.C.)

AFF

African Family Films P.O. Box 1109, Venice, CA 90291 (213) 392-1020

AFOA

Film Program The American Federation of the Arts 41 E. 65th St., New York, NY 10021 (212) 988-7700

AGP

Aginsky Productions 3704 Folsom St., San Francisco, CA 94110 (415) 648-9433

AIMS

AIMS Media 626 Justin Ave., Glendale, CA 91201 (213) 240-9300

ALD

Alden Films 7820 - 20th Ave., Brooklyn, NY 11214 (212) 331-1045

ALHI

Alfred Higgins Productions, Inc. 9100 Sunset Blvd., Los Angeles, CA 90069 (213) 272-6500

ALLI

Almi Libra Cinema 5 Films 1585 Broadway, New York, NY 10036 (212) 975-0550

238

Filmography of the Third World

ASIA

The Asia Society 112 East 64th St., New York, NY 10022 (212) 751-3210

ATL

Atlantis Productions 1252 La Granada Dr., Thousand Oaks, CA 91360 (805) 495-2790

AUF

Australia Film 9229 Sunset Blvd., #720, Los Angeles, CA 90069 (213) 275-7074

AUIS

Australian Information Service 636 Fifth Ave., New York, NY 10111 (212) 245-4000

BARR

Barr Films P.O. Box 5667, 3940 E. Foothill Blvd., Pasadena, CA 91107 (213) 681-6978

BBUD

Billy Budd Films, Inc. 235 E. 57th St., New York, NY 10022 (212) 755-3968

BEA

Beacon Films (for rental) c/o University of Illinois Film Center, 1325 South Oak St., Champaign, IL 61820 (217) 333-1360; in Illinois call 800-252-1357 and Beacon Films, Inc. (for sales) P.O. Box 575, Norwood, MA 02062 (617) 762-0811

BEAV

B & E Audio Visual 5635 Yale Blvd., Suite 206, Dallas, TX 75206 (214) 363-3180

BEF

Benchmark Films, Inc. 145 Scarborough Rd., Briarcliff Manor, NY 10510 (914) 762-3838

BEPF

Bechtel Power Corporation Public Relations Department 50 Beale St., San Francisco, CA 94105 (415) 768-4596

BFDS

Black Filmmaker Distribution Service P.O. Box 315, Franklin Lakes, NJ 07417 (201) 891-8246

Film Distributors

239

BLU

Skip B lumberg 69 Reade St., New York, NY 10007 (212) 732-1725

BRAZ

Brazos Films 10341 San Pable Ave., El Cerrito, CA 94530 (415) 525-0942

BRBP

Brown Bird Productions, Inc. 1971 No. Curson Ave., Hollywood, CA 90046 (213) 851-6744

BRF

Bronson Films 1155 N. Bronson Ave., Hollywood, CA 90038 (213) 467-1609

BRP

The Brethren Press 1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin, IL 60120 800-323-8039

BSML

Behavioral Sciences Media Laboratory Neuropsychiatric Institute University of California, 760 Westwood Placa, Los Angeles, CA 90024 (213) 835-0448

BSP

Blue Sky Productions P.O. Box 548, Santa Fe, NM 87501 (505) 988-2995

BUDG

Budget Films 4590 Santa Monica Blvd., Los Angeles, CA 90029 (213) 660-0187

BUFI

Bullfrog Films Inc. Oley, PA 19547 (215) 779-8226

CABC

Canadian Broadcasting Corporation P.O. Box 500, Station A, Toronto, Ontario, M5W 1E6 Canada (416) 925-3311

CALD

Niccolo Caldararo P.O. Box 99637, Station O, San Francisco, CA 94109 (415) 495-4895

CALP

Caltex Petroleum Products 380 Madison Ave., New York, NY 10036 (212) 660-0187

240

Filmography of the Third World

CAM

Campus Film Distributors Corporation 24 Depot Square, Westchester, NY 10707 (914) 961-1900

CANF

Canadian Filmmakers Distribution Centre 525 West Pender, Suite 1, Vancouver, B.C., V6B 1V5 Canada (604) 684-3014

CAR

Carousel Film and Video 241 E. 34th St., Room 304, New York, NY 10016 (212) 683-1660

CARE

CARE Film Unit 660 First Avenue, New York, NY 10016 (212) 686-3110 (or nearest CARE office)

CCC

Canyon Cinema Co-operative American Industrial Center, Suite 338, San Francisco CA 94107 (415) 626-2255

CEN

Centron c/o Coronet (see COR)

CESF

Center for Southern Folklore 1216 Peabody Ave., P.O. Box 4081, Memphis, TN 38104 (901) 726-4205

CGJ

Consulate General of Japan c/o Alden Films 7820 - 20th Ave., Brooklyn, NY 11214 (212) 331-1045

CHEV

Chevron Chemical Company Attn: Advertising, 575 Market St., San Francisco, CA 94105 (415) 894-7700

CHIL

Chile Democratico 77 United Nations Plaza, New York, NY 10017 (212) 953-0212

CHU

Churchill Films 662 North Robertson Blvd., Los Angeles, CA 90069 (213) 657-5110

Cl

Cherel Ito 106 Bedford St., New York, NY 10014 (212) 691-2324

r

Film Distributors

241

CIAI

Cinema Associates, Inc. P.O. Box 9237, Seattle, WA 98109 (206) 622-7378

CICO

Cine-Contact 826 est, de la Gauchetiere, Montreal, Quebec, H2L 2N2 Canada (514) 849-9530

CIGU

The Cinema Guild 1697 Broadway, New York, NY 10019 (212) 246-5522

CIMA

Cinemantics 338 Flax Hill Rd., Norwalk, CT 06854 (203) 866-8197

CIPI

Cine-Pic Hawaii 1847 Pacific Heights Rd., Honolulu, HI 96813 (808) 533-2677

CMC

C.M.C. International, Ltd. 84 Fifth Ave., Suite 1105, New York, NY 10021 (212) 929-5757

CMI

CMI-Cinemonde International, Ltd. Distribution Department, 8414 Park Heights Ave., Balti more, MD 21208 (301) 484-7544

CN

California Newsreel (Southern Africa Media Center) 630 Natoma St., San Francisco, CA 94103 (415) 621-6196

COR

Coronet/Perspective Films 65 E. South Water St., Chicago, IL 60601 (312) 977-4104 or 800-621-2131 and 200 Steelcase Road East, Markham, Ontario L3R 1G2, Canada

COTH

Corinth Films 410 East 62nd St., New York, NY 10021 (212) 421-4770

CRMM

CRM/McGraw-Hill Films P.O. Box 641, Del Mar, CA 92014 (619) 453-5000

242

Filmography of the Third World

CUED

Cultural and Educational Media P.O. Box 253, Lagunitas, CA 94938 (415) 566-8666

CUEI

Cultural Encounters, Inc. 606 Ridge Ave., Kennett Square, PA 19348 (215) 444-1157

CURC

Cultural Research and Communication, Inc. 1700 Broadway, Suite 4201, New York, NY 10019 (212) 265-2140 and 4560 Horton St., #407, Emeryville, CA 94608 (415) 654-0664

DAEF

Dave Ellis Films Box 7521, Albuquerque, NM 87104 (505) 898-3876

DANA

Dana Productions A Division of Saparoff Films, Inc. 6249 Babcock Ave., North Hollywood, CA 91606 (213) 877-9246

DICI

Direct Cinema Limited P.O. Box 69589, Los Angeles, CA 90069 (213) 656-4700

DLP

Diane Li Productions P.O. Box 2110, Stanford, CA 94305

DOA

Document Associates (for sales) 1697 Broadway, New York, NY 10019 (212) 246-5522 or Syracuse University (for rental) Film Rental Center 1455 E. Colvin St., Syracuse, NY 13210 (315) 479-6632

DOCE

Documentary Educational Resources 5 Bridge Street, Watertown, MA 02172 (617) 926-0492

DRTI

Dominican Republic Tourist Information Center Public Relations Director 485 Madison Ave., New York, NY 10022 (212) 826-0750 (free loan/charges for shipping)

p f

Film Distributors DUA

Dual-Image, Inc. 4004 W. Strathmore Ave., Baltimore, MD 21215 (301) 358-8707

EAKO

Eastman Kodak Company Informational Films Division 343 State St., Rochester, NY 14650 (716) 724-4000

EBEC

Encyclopaedia Britannica Educational Corporation 425 No. Michigan Ave., Chicago, IL 60611

243

(312) 321-7311 (for Canada see VEC) EDC

Education Development Center 39 Chapel St., Newton, MA 02160 (617) 969-7100

EDMC

Educational Media Corporation 2036 Le Moyne Ave., Los Angeles, CA 90026

EMG

Embassy of Ghana Attn: Counsellor of Information 2460 - 16th St. N.W., Washington, D.C. 20009 (202) 462-0761

EMI

Educational Media International 14740 Jordan Lane, Box 328, Haymarket, VA 22069 (703) 754-2288

ETT

Embassy of Trinidad and Tobago 1708 Massachusetts Ave. N.W., Washington, D.C.

20036

(202) 467-6490 FCO

Filmfair Communications 10900 Ventura Blvd., P.O. Box 1728, Studio City, CA 91604 (213) 985-0244

FERF

Ferrero Films 908 Rhode Island St., San Francisco, CA 94107 (415) 826-2791

FFTH

Films for the Humanities P.O. Box 2053, Princeton, NJ 08540 (201) 329-6912 or (800) 257-5126

FI

Films Incorporated 733 Green Bay Road, Wilmette, IL 60091 (312) 256-3200 and 800-323-4222 (and branches in New York, NY; Atlanta, GA, Hollywood, CA; Anchorage, AK)

244

Filmography of the Third World

FILI

Filmmakers Library, Inc. 133 E. 58 St., New York, NY 10022 (212) 355-6545

FIM

Film Images A Division of Radim Films, Inc. 1034 Lake St., Oak Park, IL 60301 (312) 279-6653

FLOF

Flower Films 10341 San Pablo Ave., El Cerrito, CA 94530 (415) 525-0942

FMCO

Film-Makers' Cooperative 175 Lexington Ave., New York, NY 10016 (212) 889-3820

FRF

First Run Features 144 Bleecker St., New York, NY 10012 (212) 673-6881

GRE

William Greaves Productions 43 W. 61 St., New York, NY 10019 (212) 586-7710

GTI

Granada Television International 1221 Avenue of the Americas, Suite 3468, New York, NY

10020 (212) 869-8480 GUA

Guidance Associates (for sales) The Center for Humanities, Inc. Box 1000, Mt. Kisco, NY 10549 800-431-1242 and (for rental see KARO) (for Canada see ITFE)

HARP

Hartley Film Foundation, Inc. Cat Rock Road, Cos Cob, CT 06807 (203) 869-1818

HIL

Robert Hillman 4560 Horton St., Emeryville, CA 94608 (415) 652-0808

HUR

Hudson River Productions P.O. Box 315, Franklin Lakes, NJ 07417 (201) 891-8240

j>

Film Distributors

245

IBM

IBM Corporation 1133 Westchester Ave., White Plains, NY 10604 (914) 696-1900

ICF

Icarus Films 200 Park Ave. South, Room 1319, New York, NY 10003 (212) 674-3375

IFB

International Film Bureau (for sales) 332 South Michigan Ave., Chicago, IL (312) 427-4545 and (for rentals see UIL) (for Canada see MAR)

60604

IFEX

Ifex Films 201 West 52 St., New York, NY 10019 (212) 582-4318

IFF

International Film Foundation 200 W. 72 St., Room 64, New York, NY 10023 (212) 580-1111 (for Canada see OMF)

IMFP

Image Film Productions 37 Burkhard Place, Rochester, NY 14620 (716) 473-8070

INCI

Institutional Cinema, Inc. 10 First St., Saugerties, NY 12477 (914) 246-2848

INTO

India Tourist Office c/o Audience Planners Inc. 5107 Douglas Fir Road, Calabasas, CA 91302 and 1 Rockefeller Plaza, Suite 1710, New York, NY 10020 (212) 489-7788

ISHI

Institute for the Study of Human Issues 3401 Market St., Suite 252, Philadelphia, PA 19104 (215) 387-9002

ISOI

Information Service of India Film Section 3 East 64th St., New York, NY 10021 (212) 879-7800

ISU

Idaho State University Audio Visual Services Campus Box 8064, Pocatello, ID 83209 (208) 236-3212

246

Filmography of the Third World

ITFE

International Tele-Film Enterprises 47 Densley Ave., Toronto, Ontario M6M 5A8, Canada (416) 241-4483 (with offices also in Montreal and Vancouver, B.C.)

JAPA

NHK Films Japan Society Films 333 East 47th St., New York, NY 10017 (212) 832-1155

JFI

Journal Films Inc. 930 Pitner Ave., Evanston, IL 60202 (312) 328-6700 and 800-323-5448

JMS

Jewish Media Service Jewish Welfare Board 15 E. 26th St., New York, NY 10010 (212) 532-4949

KAR

Kartemquin Films Ltd. 1901 W. Wellington, Chicago, IL 60657 (312) 472-4366

KARO

Karol Media Ford Foundation Films 625 From Rd., Paramus, NJ 07652 (201) 262-4170

KAW

Kaw Valley Films P.O. Box 3900, Shawnee, KS 66203 (913) 631-3040 (for Canada see OMF)

KB

Kuumba Baraza, Inc. 6369 Germantown Ave., Philadelphia, PA 19144 (215) 842-1080

KEN

Kensington Communications Inc. 104 Bellevue Ave., Toronto, Ontario M5T 2N9 Canada (416) 968-2697

KING

King Features Productions Educational Film Division 235 E. 45th St., New York, NY 10017 (212) 682-5600

KK

Karen Kramer P.O. Box 315, Franklin Lakes, NJ 07417 (201) 891-8240

»

Film Distributors KORE

Korean Information Office 1414 - 22 St. N.W., Washington, D.C. 20037 (202) 296-4456

LEC

Learning Corporation of America 1350 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY 10019 (212) 397-9330

LFI

Lucerne Films, Inc. 37 Ground Pine Rd., Morris Plains, NJ 07950 (201) 538-1401

LISA

Light-Saraf Films 131 Concord St., San Francisco, CA 94112 (415) 469-0139

LUTH

Lutheran Film Library 470 Park Ave. South, New York, NY 10016 (212) 684-5910

MAEM

Malawi Embassy 1400 20th St., N.W., Washington, D.C. 20036 (202) 296-5530

MAFI

Maryknoll Films Maryknoll, NY 10545 (914) 941-7590, Ext. 354

MAR

Marlin Motion Pictures, Ltd. 211 Watline Ave., Suite 200, Mississauga, Ontario, L4Z 1P3 Canada (416) 272-4100

MC

Mar Chuck Film Industries, Inc. P.O. Box 61, Mt. Prospect, IL 60056 (312) 398-0775

MOB I

Mobius International 175 King St. E., Toronto, Ontario M5A 1J4, Canada (416) 862-0255 and P.O. Box 315, Franklin Lakes, NJ 07417 (201) 891-8240

MOK

Arthur Mokin Productions, Inc. 2900 McBride Lane, Santa Rosa, CA 95401 (707) 542-4868

MPF

The Marco Polo Foundation, Inc. P.O. Box 4155, Seattle, WA 98104 (206) 583-0000

247

Filmography of the Third World

248 MSC

Martha Stuart Communications 66 Bank Street, New York, NY 10014 (212) 255-2718

MTI

MTI Teleprograms 3710 Commercial Avenue, Northbrook, IL 60062 (312) 291-9400 and (800) 832-6301

MTP

Modern Talking Picture Service 5000 Park Street N., St. Petersburg, FL 33709 (813) 541-7571 (with other offices in Atlanta, GA; Boston, MA; Cedar Rapids, IA; Charlotte, NC; Chicago, IL; Cincinnati, OH; Dallas, TX; Denver, CO, and others) and 143 Sparks Ave., Willowdale, Ontario M2H 2S5, Canada (and other offices in Montreal, Quebec and Burnaby, BC)

MUAA

Museum of African Art 316 A St. N.E., Washington, D.C. 20002 (202) 357-1300

MUMO

The Museum of Modern Art Circulating Film Program 11 West 53 St., New York, NY 10019 (212) 956-4211

NAC

National Audiovisual Center GSA--National Archives and Records Washington, D.C. 20409 (301) 763-1850

NACC

Communication Commission National Council of Churches 475 Riverside Dr., Room 860, New York, NY 10027 (212) 870-2575

NAIR

Mira Nair 424 W. 119 St., New York, NY 10027 (212) 316-4483

NDF

New Day Films P.O. Box 315, Franklin Lakes, NJ 07417 (201) 891-8240

NFBC

National Film Board of Canada 16th Floor, 1251 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY

10020 (212) 586-5131 and 1 Lombard St., Toronto, Ontario M5C 1J6, Canada

Film Distributors

249

(416) 369-4093 (with other offices in Winnipeg, Manitoba and Montreal, Quebec) NGS

National Geographic Educational Services Washington, D.C. 20036 (202) 857-7378 and 151 Carlingview Dr., Unit No. 5, Rexdale, Ontario M9W 5E7, Canada (for rentals or preview see KARO (Karol Media)

NICH

Sandra Nichols Productions 19 Spring St., Newport, RI 92840 (401) 847-0279

NIS

Nissan Motor Corporation 18501 South Figueroa, Carson, CA 90248 (213) 532-3111

NLC

New Line Cinema 853 Broadway, New York, NY 10003 800-221-5150

NORA

North American Indian Films, Inc. 177 Nepean St., Suite 201, Ottawa, Ontario K2P 0B4 Canada (613) 238-7713

NTF

New Time Films P.O. Box 315, Village Station, New York, NY 10014 (212) 929-0022

NYF

New Yorker Films 16 West 61st St., New York, NY 10023 (212) 247-6110

OKS

Oklahoma State University Audio Visual Center Stillwater, OK 74078 (405) 624-6016

OMF

Omega Films Limited 133 Manville Rd., Unit #19, Scarborough, Ontario MIL 4J7 Canada (416) 755-1140

OWCF

Owens-Corning Fiberglas Fiberglas Tower-Arcade Toledo, OH 43659 (419) 248-6092

Filmography of the Third World

250 PEAM

Peabody Museum 11 Divinity Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138 (617) 495-3329

PENN

The Pennsylvania State University Audio Visual Services Special Services Bldg. University Park, PA 16802 (814) 865-6314

PEPR

Penguin Productions Ltd. 8905 Fairview Rd., Silver Spring, MD 20910 (301) 565-2270

PERS

Perspective Films

see

COR (Coronet/Perspective Films)

PHO

Phoenix/BFA Films and Video, Inc. 468 Park Ave. South, New York, NY 10016 (212) 684-5910 (for Canada see ITFE)

PIME

P.I.M.E. Missionaries Film Department 35750 Moravian Dr., Fraser, MI 48026 (313) 791-2100

PRED

Puerto Rico Economic Development Administration 1290 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY 10019 (212) 245-1200

PYR

Pyramid Films Box 1048, Santa Monica, CA 90406 (213) 828-7577

QUE

Quest Productions 4560 Horton St., Emeryville, CA 94608 (415) 655-1317

RAY

Bruce Raymond Productions Ltd. 353 St. Clair Ave. East, Toronto, Ontario M4T 1P3 Canada (416) 485-3406

RDF

Red Dust Films 18 Forest St., Cambridge, MA 02140 (617) 492-5897

RHA

Rhapsody Films Inc. 30 Charlton St., New York, NY 10014 (212) 243-0152

SC IE

Scientificom Audiovisual Distribution Center 708 N. Dearborn St., Chicago, IL 60610 (312) 787-8656 *

Film Distributors SCRE

Screenscope, Inc. 3600 M St., N.W., #204, Washington, D.C. (202) 965-6900

SEF

251

20007

Sterling Educational Films A Division of The Walter Reade Organization, Inc. 241 East 34th St., New York, NY 10016 (212) 683-6300

SING

Singapore Tourist Promotion Board 251 Post, San Francisco, CA 94108 (415) 391-8476

SKYP

Skylight Pictures Film Library P.O. Box 315, Franklin Lakes, NJ 07417 (201) 891-8240

SMIT

Loretta Smith 2615 North Halsted St., Chicago, IL 60614 (312) 327-8592

SOAA

South Asian Area Center Department of South Asian Studies 1242 Van Hise Hall, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706 (608) 262-3012

STAS

Steven Ascher 24 Fiske Place, Cambridge, MA 02139 (617) 253-1606

STD

Standard Film Service Box 52, Frankenmuth, MI 48734 (517) 652-8881

STRA

Chick Strand 218 S. Harvard Blvd., Los Angeles, CA 90004

SUFP

Survivors Film Project P.O. Box 315, Franklin Lakes, NJ 07417 (201) 891-8240

SWA

Swank Motion Picture, Inc. 60 Bethpage Rd., P.O. Box 280, Hicksville, NY 11801 (516) 931-7500 and 800-645-7501 (with other offices in Downers Grove, IL; St. Louis, MO; Dallas, TX; Hollywood, CA)

TEX

Texture Films P.O. Box 1337, Skokie, IL 60076 (312) 256-4436

252

Filmography of the Third World

TL

Time-Life 100 Eisenhower Dr., P.O. Box 644, Paramus, NJ 07652 (201) 843-4545

TRA

Trinity Asia 260 Kearny St., Suite 201, San Francisco, CA 94108 (415) 956-1888

TUL

Tulsa Studios, Inc. 6314 E. 13 St., Tulsa, OK 74112 (918) 836-8164

TWCP

Third World Cinema Productions, Inc. 1414 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY 10019 (212) 935-9340

TWN

Third World Newsreel 160 Fifth Avenue, Suite 911, New York, NY 10010 (212) 243-2310

TWY

Twyman Films 329 Salem Ave., Dayton, OH 45401 800-543-9594 (In Ohio call 800-831-3456) (with other offices in Buffalo, NY and Sherman Oaks, CA)

UCA

University of California Extension Media Center 2223 Fulton Street, Berkeley, CA 94720 (415) 642-0460 and (for Canada see ITFE)

UDAL

University of Dallas Planning and Development Office Irving, TX 75061 (214) 579-5148

UIL

University of Illinois Film Center 1325 South Oak Street, Champaign, IL 61820 (217) 333-1360 and 800-252-1357

UJE

United Jewish Appeal 1290 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY 10019 (212) 532-4949

UMED

University Media A Division of The Media Guild 11526 Sorrento Valley Rd., Suite J., San Diego, CA 92121 (619) 755-9191

UMI

University of Michigan Audio Visual Education Center

Film Distributors

253

416 Fourth St., Ann Arbor, MI 48103 (313) 764-5360 UN

United Nations Information Service (for local area only) 1889 F St. N.W., Washington, D.C. 20006 (202) 289-8670 (for areas other than Washington, D.C. and environs: check with local public library, state library, or uni¬ versity film center regarding availability of United Nations films)

UNAR

MGM/United Artists 16 729 Seventh Ave., New York, NY 10022 (212) 575-3000

UNCH

United Church of Canada Berkeley Studio 315 Queen St. East, Toronto, Ontario M5A, 1S7, Canada (416) 366-9221

UNE

University of Nevada/Reno Film Library Getshel Library, Reno, NV 89557 (702) 784-6037

UNME

United Methodist Communications 475 Riverside Drive #1370, New York, NY 10015 (212) 663-8900

USDL

U.S. Department of Labor 601 D St., Room 6402, Washington, D.C. 20213 (202) 655-4500

UTX

University of Texas at Austin Film Library, Austin, Texas 78712 (512) 471-3573

UWI

University of Wisconsin (for films on South Asian subjects) Department of South Asian Studies South Asian Area Center 1242 Van Hise Hall 1220 Linden Dr., Madison, WI 53706 (608) 262-3012 or University of Wisconsin (for all other subjects) Film Library Wing Building LaCrosse, WI 54601 (608) 785-8041

254 VEC

Filmography of the Third World Visual Education Centre 75 Horner Ave., Unit 1, Toronto, Ontario, M8Z 4X5 Canada (416) 252-5907

VIL

Villon Films P.O. Box 14144, Seattle, WA 98144 (206) 325-8610

WATH

Walter Thomas 2431 College Ave., #7, Berkeley, CA 94704 (415) 548-8629

WGBH

WGBH-TV 125 Western Ave., Boston, MA 02134 (617) 492-2777

WHAR

Wharton International Films 323 West 84th St., New York, NY 10024 (212) 724-2061

WILK

Barbara Wilk 29 Surf Road, Westport, CT 06880 (203) 226-7669

WNET

WNET-TV Media Services 304 W. 58th St., New York, NY 10019 (212) 262-4200

WOM

Wombat Productions Little Lake, Glendale Rd., Ossining, NY 10562 (914) 762-0011 (for Canada see OMF)

WOOD

Sharon Wood San Francisco Matching Service 837 Folsom St., San Francisco, CA 94107 (415) 282-7637

WOR

The Works 1659 - 18 St., Santa Monica, CA 90404 (213) 828-8643

WSU

ZIP

Washington State University Instructional Media Services Pullman, WA 99164 (509) 335-4535 Zipporah Films One Richdale Ave., Unit #4, Cambridge, MA 02140 (617) 576-3603

TITLE INDEX

A la Guerra 161 Abaphuciwe—The Dispossessed 29 Aborigines of the Sea Coast 114 About the Jews of India: Bene Israel or the Shanwar Telis 68 About the Jews of India: Cochin 68 Abraham and Isaac 52 Abu Dhabi, Land of the Gazelle 45 Accounts from the Life 131 Adama, the Fulani Magician 36 Adam's Garden 52 Adrift in the World: Indochina Refugees 102 The Adventures of Juan Quin Quin 226 Affluent Cavemen of Today 102 Afghan Exodus 65 Afghan Ways 65 Afghanistan: Threads of Life 65 Africa: A New Look 7 Africa: Change and Challenge 7 Africa Changes: A Young Leader in a Young Nation 7 Africa Is My Hone 26 Africa Reborn 20 Africa Revisited 20 African Music—Old and New 7 The Afrikaner Experience 30 Afro-American Music, Its Heri¬ tage 131 After the Earth Quake 161 After the Silence 7 Against Wind and Tide: A Cuban Odyssey 161 Agriculture of the Eighties

52

Ajuba Dance and Drama 68 Akwesasne: Another Point of View 167 Alambrista! 161 Alberta 131 Alex Haley: The Search for Roots 131 Alfonso, A Long Way from Home 218 Algeria: The Impossible Inde¬ pendence 13 Algeria: The New Men 13 Algerian Sahara 13 Alhaji Bai Konte 20, 28 Alice Elliott 167 The Alien's Place 52 Almos' a Man 131 Altar of Fire 68 Alvin Ailey: Memories and Vi¬ sions 132 Always for Pleasure 132 Amazulu—People of the Sky 30 American Chinatown 157 The American Indian Speaks 167 The American Parade: With All Deliberate Speed 132 America's First City—Teotihuacan 196 Americas in Transition 190 Amira’s Choice 53 Among Sacred Stones 53 Ananse's Farm 20 Ancestors: The Last Tasmanian 114 The Ancient Art of Belly Danc¬ ing 40 Ancient Egypt 15 Ancient Egypt: The Sun and the River 15 An Ancient Gift 167 Ancient Mesopotamia 50

Filmography of the Third World

256 Anessi's Barkcloth Art 114 The Angel That Stands by Me 132 Angola: Victory of Hope 14 Anguilla 233 Annie Mae—Bravehearted Woman 167 Another Kind of Christmas 230 The Answer 132 Apemen of Africa 8 The Arab Identity: Who Are the Arabs? 40 The Arab Jews 53 Are You Listening?: House¬ hold Technicians 128 The Ariake Tideland 89 The Armenian Case 40 Arrow to the Sun 168 Arrows 222 The Art of the Book: Persian Miniatures 47 Assante Market Women 21 Asia: Two Thirds and Count¬ ing 39 Asian Insight with John Temple—Hong Kong/ Singapore 88, 110 Asian Insight with John Temple—Indonesia 103 Asian Insight with John Temple—Japan 89 Asian Insight with John Temple—Malaysia 107 Asian Insight with John Temple—Thailand 110 Asian Insight with John Temple—The Philippines 108 The Asmat: Cannibal Crafts¬ men of New Guinea 114 At the Time of Whaling 168 Atencingo 196 Augusta 168 Australasian Land Forms 114 Australia 116 Australia in the 80's 115 Australian Report 115 Australia's Animal Mysteries 115 Avenue of the Americas 214 Avoloii: Portrait of an i

Artist 53 The Ax Fight 222 Axes and Ar6: Stone Tools of the Duna 115

Baba 63 Babies Making Babies 132 Back to Kampuchea 106 Bahia 210 Bakhtiari Migration: The Sheep Must Live 47 Bali: Isle of Temples 103 A Balinese Trance Seance 103 Banaras 69 Bangkok 110 Bangkok: A Special Time, A Special Place 110 Bangladesh 66 Banjo Man 133 Baobab Play 14, 33 Barbados, A Culture in Progress 226 The Barefoot Doctors of Rural China 79 Battle of Ego 79 Beads and Leather of Manitoba 168 Bearden Plays Bearden 133 Beauty in the Bricks 133 Becoming Aboriginal 115 Becoming American 158 Being Black 235 Ben Da, U.S.A. 158 Between Heaven and Earth 219 Beyond the Plains 34 Biba 53 Bicycle Stall in Malaysia 107 The Big Village 3 The Bikinians 115 The Bill of Rights in Action: De Facto Segregation 128 The Bill of Rights in Action: Equal Opportunity 128 Biogas in Fiji 115 Birch Bark Biting by Angelique Mirasty 168 Bitter Cane 229 Bittersweet Survival 158 Black and White in Color 8 Black at Yale 133

Title Index Black Athlete 133 Black Delta Religion 133 Black Girl 134 Black Images from the Screen 134 The Black Indians of New Orleans 134, 168 The Black Movement 134 Black Music in America: The Seventies 134 Black Politics in Maryland, 1870-1895 134 Black Roots in Africa 135 Black Shadows on a Silver Screen 135 The Black Ships 90 The Black Theatre Movement: From a Raisin in the Sun to the Present 135 The Black West 135 Blacks Britannica 235 Blood Ah Goh Run! 235 Blood and Sand—War in the Sahara 8 The Blues According to Lightnin' Hopkins 135 Boasting 48 Boat People of Vietnam 158 Bogota 215 Bogota: Fragments of a City 215 Bones 135 Booker T. Washington: The Life and the Legacy 136 Born to Swing 136 Botswana—Wildlife Album 14 Bottle Babies 8 Bottle Up and Go 136 The Bottom Rung 3 Brazil: A Bahian Menu 210 Brazil: South America's Giant 210 Break and Enter 162 The Brick-Makers 190 Bride Service 222 Bridges Across the South 3 Broken Strings 136 Broken Treaty at Battle Moun¬ tain 169 Brujo (Shaman) 194, 196 The Buffalo Story 169

257 Bugaku—"Taiheiraku" 90 Business as Usual 3 ... But Then, She's Betty Carter 136 Bye Bye Brazil 210

Cairo 15 Camels and the Pitjantijara 116 Camino Triste 194 Los Campesinos 196 Can Primitive People Survive? 3 Canal Zone 205 The Cancer Detectives of Lin Xian 79 Cane ... And Able 230 Capital of Earth: The Maroons of Moore Town 230 Capoeria of Brazil 211 Captain James Cook: South Pacific, 1768 116 Cargo Cults 116 The Caribbean 226 Caribbean—Picture Treasures 226 Carnaval 211 Carnival '78 233 Carving Out a Legend 169 The Case of the Bermuda Tri¬ angle 234 The Case of the Missing Mummy 16 Caste and Class 69 Caste and Class in the South 136 Castle of Purity 197 Castles of Clay 8 The Castro Connection 192 Ceddo 28 Cemetery of the Elephants 220 Centennial Park, Sydney 116 Central America 192 Central America: A Human Geography 192 A Century of Silence ... Prob¬ lems of the American Indian 169 A Ceremonial Pipe by Guy Siwi 169 Chac 197

258

Filmography of the Third World

Chachaji, My Poor Relation: A Memoir by Ved Mehta 69 The Chaco Legacy 169 Challenge to Africa 8 Chan Is Missing 158 The Chant of Jimmie Blacksmith 116 Charles Doughty: Arabia 45 Cherokee 170 Chiang Ching: A Dance Jour¬ ney 159 Chiang Mai: Northern Capital 111 Chicano from the Southwest 162 Child of Papua New Guinea: The Same Today, the Same Tomorrow 116 Child of Rural Thailand: A Chance to Learn 111 Child of the Philippines 108 Child of Urban Thailand 111 Children, Enfants, Ninos 4 Children of New Zealand: Liv¬ ing in the High Country 117 Children of the Kibbutz 53 Children of the Long-Beaked Bird 170 Children of the Lotus 69 Children of the Tribe 90 Children of Violence 162 Children Throw Toy Assegais 14, 33 Chile 214 Chile Pequin 162 Chimbote: A Better Place to Live 220 China: A Class by Itself 79 China: A Land Transformed 79 China: A Network of Com¬ munes 79 China: An Emerging Giant 80 China—An Invitation 80 China: An Open Door, Part I: An Awakening Giant 80 China: An Open Door, Part II: The Past Is Prologue 80 China:

An Open Door, Part

III: Today and Tomorrow 80 China: Education for a New Society 81 China in the 20th Century 81 China: Land of My Father 81 China's Chair 81 China's Changing Face 81 Chinese History Series 81 Chinese Legends, Gods and Prophets 82 Christmas in Oaxaca 197 Chucalezna 208 Chulas Fronteras 162 Cimarrones 220 Cities: Elie Wiesel's Jerusalem 53 Cities: Germaine Greer's Syd¬ ney 117 Citizen Carney 128 The City on the Steppes 82 Civilized Tribes 170 Clarence and Angel 136 A Clearing in the Jungle 223 Clorae and Albie 137 Colombia, A Country Impover¬ ished 215 Colombia and Venezuela 215, 223 Colombo 78 The Colonel Comes to Japan 90 Colonialism: A Case Study— Namibia 34 Colonialism Has Fallen 25 Colour 137 Coming of the Polynesians 117 Communists for 1000 Years 45 Completing Our Circle 170 Confrontation 54 Coniston Muster 117 Conquista 170 Conversation with Archbishop George Plimpton 40 Cooley High 137 The Coral Reef 117 Coreen 226 A Corn Husk Doll by Deanna Skye 170 Corn Is Life 170 Cornbread, Earl and Me 137 Coronation of Old Hawaii 117

Title Index

259

Cosas de Mi Vida 197 Costa Rica 193 The Cotton Club 137 Counting on the Future 4 Country Lovers 30 Country Outcasts 117 Courts and Councils: Dispute Settlement in India 69 The Cowherd's Flute 82 The Cows of Dolo Ken Paye: Resolving Conflict Among the Kpelle 23 The Creation 138 Creative Arts and Crafts of Mexico 197 Cristina Pagan 128 Crocodile 230 Crossroads of Civilization—The Story of Iran, Part 1: Ori¬ gins and Evidence 48 Crossroads of Civilization—The Story of Iran, Part 2: Heroes or History 48 Crossroads of Civilization—The Story of Iran, Part 3: Guardians of the Sacred Fame 48 Crossroads of Civilization—The Story of Iran, Part 4: Shadow of God on Earth 48 Crossroads of Civilization—The Story of Iran, Part 5: Descent of the Hordes 48 Crossroads of Civilization—The Story of Iran, Part 6: Half the World 48 Crossroads of Civilization—The Story of Iran, Part 7: The Predators 49 Crossroads: South Africa 30 Crow Dog 171 Crowded City 198 The Cruz Brothers and Miss Malloy 162 A Cry for Freedom 33 Cuba and Fidel 227 Cuban Missile Crisis 227 Curasao 232

Da Yu Dao:

Big Fish Village

82

Dacca 66 Dadi and Her Family: A Rural Mother-in-Law in North India 69 Dadi's Family 70 Dance of the Bella 8 Dance Theatre of Harlem 138 Dances of Okinawa 101 Dani Houses 103 David Ben-Gurion 54 A Day in June: Disengagement in the Golan 62 Day of Slaughter 118 Day of the Dead 198 The Days When the Animals Talked 138 The Dead Are Not Silent 214 The Dead Sea Lives 54 Dear Uncle Kyara 90 Death in El Salvador 193 Death of a Dunbar Girl 138 Death of a Prophet 138 Deccan 70 Del Mero Corazon; Love Songs from the Southwest 162 Delta Blues Singer: James "Sonny Ford" Thomas 138 The Demon Drum 90 Demon Pond 90 The Dervishes of Kurdistan 41 Derzu Uzala 91 Desert People 24, 70 Destination: Easter Island 118 The Dhimmis: To Be a Jew in Arab Lands 43 A Different Image 139 Dinshyin 171 Diro and His Talking Musical Bow 9 The Discarded People 30 Discover Veracruz 198 Discovering the Art of Korea 100 Discovering the Moche 220 The Divided Trail: A Native American Odyssey 171 Divine Horsemen: The Living Gods of Haiti 229 Djibo 26 Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. ... An Amazing Grace 139

260 Doctora 209 The Doctors of Nigeria 26 Doll's Festival Observed in Local Japan 91 El Domador 223 Domestic Sources of Foreign Policy 54 The Dominican Republic 228 The Double Day 190 Dove with Clipped Wings 54 The Dragon and the Bear 82 Dread Beat an' Blood 235 The Dream—Brazil 211 A Dream Is What You Wake Up From 139 Dry Weather Chronicle 211

Echoes of Masada 54 Ecuador 218 The Edge of Hope 190 Edge of Survival 4 Egypt 16 Egypt: Gift of the Nile 16 Egypt: The Struggle for Sta¬ bility 16 Egypt's Pyramids: Houses of Eternity 16 El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz 139 El Salvador: A Nation of Change 193 El Salvador: Another Vietnam 193 El Salvador, Seeds of Liberty 193 El Salvador: The People Will Win 194 The Eleven Powers 103 The Elusive Geisha 91 Embera—The End of the Road 216 Emergence 171 Emperor's Eden 91 End of the Game 9 Enigmas of Easter Island 118 Eruption of Mauna Loa 118 The Eskimo: Fight for Life 171 Eskimo Olympics 172 The Eskimos of Pond Inlet 172 Estampa Flamenca 163

Filmography of the Third World Ethiopian Powder Keg 19 Etosha: Place of Dry Water 9 Exile 235 Extinction: The Last Tasmanian 118

Faces of Man: India 70 Faces of Man: Japan 91 Factories for the Third World: Tunisia 35 The Facts of Life 139 The Falashas 55 The Family Krishnappa 70 Family of Players—Kyogen, Japan's First Theater 91 Fannie Bell Chapman: Gospel Singer 139 Fannie's Film 139 Far Away, Another Child 129 Farmers of India 70 Farmers of Thailand 111 Fear Woman 21 Festac '77 27 Fidel Castro 227 Fiesta 172 The Fifth Facade 118 Fight Against Slavery: (6) Free Paper Come 230 Fight for Bangladesh 67 Fiji: Village Development 118 Fiji: Village Life 119 Fire on the Water 159 First Contact 119 First Look 227 Fisherman of Sri Lanka 78 Fishermen of the Kuskokwim 172 Five Aboriginal Dances from Cape York 119 Flesh, Metal, Wood 140 The Flour Mill 211 Focus on Women 4 Folk Songs and Dances of Northeast Japan 92 The Folk Toys of Japan 92 Footnotes to a War 102 For Personal Reasons 140 The Forgotten American 172 The Forgotten Genocide 41 Fort Albany Carver, Lawrence

Title Index Mark 172 Four Holy Men: Renunciation in Hindu Society 64 Four Women 140 The Fragile Mountain 67 Francisco Pizarro: Inca Na¬ tion, Peru 220 Freckled Rice 159 Free Namibia! 33 From Harlem to Harvard 140 From Mao to Mozart: Isaac Stern in China 83 From Rhodesia to Zimbabwe 37 From Sinai to the Temple Mount 55 From Spikes to Spindles 159 From the Ashes ... Nicaragua Today 203 From the Earth to the Moon 14 From the First People 172 La Frontera 163 Frontiers Downunder 119 Frontline 113 Fuera Yanqui 228 Fundi: The Story of Ella Baker 140 Fung Seui: The Wind and the Water 88 The Future Begins Today 190

G.I. Jose 163 Gabriel and Armando 216 Los Gamines 216 Gandhi 70 Gandhi: A Profile in Power 71 Gardens of Japan 92 Gateway to Mecca: The Pil¬ grim's Journey 45 Generations of Resistance 9 Genii of the Glass 46 Geography of South America: Argentina, Paraguay, and Uruguay 206 Geography of South America: Brazil 211 Geography of South America: Countries of the Andes 206

261 Geography of South America: Five Northern Countries 206 Geography of South America: The Continent 207 Georgia Sea Island Singers 140 "Geta," Wooden Footwear for Modern Japan 92 A Ghanian Fishing Village 21 Gihoc Serves Ghana 21 Gilberto—Shark Boy of the Sea of Cortez 198 Gilberto's Mayan Dream 195 Give My Poor Heart Ease 141 The Glassmakers of Herat 66 Glimpses of Gandhiji 71 Glimpses of India: Central Region 71 Glimpses of India: Eastern Region 71 Glimpses of India: North Region 71 Glimpses of India: Southern Region 71 Gods of Metal 4 Gogodala: A Cultural Revival? 119 Gold: The Sacred Metal 216 Goodbye Old Man 119 Goodnight Miss Ann 163 Gopal's Golden Pendant 71 Gordon's War 141 Gravel Springs Fife and Drum 141 Greased Lightning 141 Great Americans: Martin Luther King Jr. 141 Great Gardens of the World— Japan 92 Grove Music 236 Guacamole 198 Guatemala ... Personal Testi¬ monies 195 Gui Dao—On the Way, A Station on the Yangzi 83 Gui Dao—On the Way, Round Trip to Beijing 83 Gui Dao—On the Way, Some Chinese Women Told Us ... 83 Gunabibi—An Aboriginal Fertility

262 Cult 120 Gunpowder Legacy 92 Gurkhas of Nepal 67

Haa Shagoon 173 Haiku 92 Haiku—Short Poetry of Japan 92 Hair Piece: A Film for Nappy¬ headed People 141 Haiti 229 Haitian Song 229 Hand and Clay: A Celebration 93 Happy Birthday, Dr. King 141 The Harder They Come 230 Harvest at Nong Lub 111 Hasan the Carpet weaver 71 Hate 142 Haudenosaunee: Way of the Longhouse 173 Hawaii 50th State U.S.A. 120 Hawaii Revisited 120 Hawaiian Featherwork 120 Hawaiian Fishhooks 120 The Hawaiian Islands 120 Head Start for Omar 46 The Healer 221 Healing of Jerusalem 55 The Heart of Loisaida 163 Hebrew Script 55 Henry Morton Stanley: Congo River, 1874 9 Her Name Came on Arrows: A Kinship Interview with the Baruya of New Guinea 120 A Hero Ain't Nothing But a Sandwich 142 Herself, Indira Gandhi 72 High Above the Dust 72 Highland People 216 Los Hijos de Sandino 203 Himeji Castle 93 Hinduism and the Song of God: A Modern Interpretation of the Bhagavad Gita 72 Hiro 93 Hirohito: The Chrysanthemum Throne 93 Hiroshima—Then, Now and

Filmography of the Third World Never 93 Hokusai: An Animated Sketch Book 93 Holy Land 55 The Holy Qur'an 41 A Home for Osmar 195 Homeboys 163 Hong Kong: A Cantonese Menu 89 Hong Kong: A Family Portrait 89 Hopi: Songs of the Fourth World 173 Hopis—Guardians of the Land 173 Hot Spot 37 House Made of Dawn 173 House of History 21 How the West Was Lost 173 Howl at the Moon 31 Hullabaloo Over Georgie and Bonnie's Pictures 72 Hunters of the Seal 174 Hymn to Aton 16

I Ain't Lying: Folktales from Mississippi 142 I Am an Old Tree 227 I Am Fujian 121 I Can Hear Zimbabwe Calling 37 I Heard the Owl Call My Name 174 I Remember Harlem: The De¬ pression Years 142 I Remember Harlem: The Early Years, 1600-1930 142 I Remember Harlem: Toward a New Day, 1965-1980 143 I Remember Harlem: Toward Freedom, 1940-1965 143 I Shall Moulder Before I Shall Be Taken 219 I Spent My Life in the Mines 210 I Will Fight No More Forever 174 Iawo 212 Idi Amin Dada 36 If Japan Can ... Why Can't

Title Index

263

We 93 Illegal Aliens 163 Illusions 143 The Impact of a Non-State Actor: The Palestine Liberation 55 Impressions of Prejudice 143 In Arab Lands: An Age of Change 46 In Our Own Backyards: Uranium Mining in the U.S. 174 In Search of Inca Treasure 221 In Search of Mayan Mysteries 192 In Search of Pyramid Secrets 17 In Search of the Lost World 4 In Search of Zion 55 In Their Shoes 228 The Incas 221 Incentive for Action 4 Incident at Lod 56 India 72 India: A Nation of Mystery 72 India: A Northern Menu 73 India: An Introduction 73 India and the Infinite: The Soul of a People 73 India: Population 600 Million 73 Indian Boy in Today's World 174 Indian Country? 174 Indian Crafts: Hopi, Navajo, and Iroquois 174 Indian Heroes of America 175 An Indian Pilgrimage: Kashi 73 Indian Rights, Indian Law 175 The Indians 175 India's Sacred Cows 73 Indonesia: East of Bali 103 Indonesia: The Changing Face 103 The Inner World of Jorge Luis Borges 208 Inside Amin's Terror Machine 36 Inside Chinatown

159

Into the Mouths of Babes 228 Introduction to Acupuncture 83 Introduction to Confucius 83 Iolani Palace: Hawaii's Past Today 121 Iracema 212 Iran 49 Iran: Landmarks in the Desert 49 Iraq—Cradle of Civilization 50 Iraq: Stairway to the Gods 51 Iroquoian Pottery by Bill Parker 175 The Isfahan of Shah Abbas 49 Islam and the Sciences 5 Island of the Red Prawns 121 Island of the Spirits 104 Island People 19, 223 The Islanders 121 The Islands of Hawaii 121 Israel 56 Israel: History, Land and Peo¬ ple 56 Israel ... Nation of Destiny 56 Israel: Revised Version 56 Israel Revisited 56 Israel: Search for Faith 57 Israeli Boy: Life on a Kibbutz 57 It's Always So in the World: Urban Communal Living 83 It's Raining in Santiago 215

Jade Snow Wong 159 Jafar's Blue Tiles 49 Jaguar: A Yanomamo Twin Cycle Myth as Told by Daramasiwa 223 Jakarta 104 Jamaica 231 Jamaica: The Other Caribbean 231 Japan: A Banquet Menu 94 Japan: A Nation of Traditions 94 Japan: An Interdependent Na¬ tion 94 Japan Inc.: Lessons for North America? 94 Japan: Of Tradition and Change

264 94 Japan: The Land and the People 94 Japan vs. U.S.A.—The HighTech Shootout 94 The Japanese, Part 1: Full Moon Lunch 95 The Japanese, Part 2: The Blind Swordsman 95 The Japanese, Part 3: Farm Song 95 Japanese Experimental Film, 1960-1980 95 Japanese Folk Dance 95 Jari 212 Jazz Hoffer 143 Jeffries/Johnson 1910 143 Jero on Jero 104 Jero Tapakan: Stories in the Life of a Balinese Healer 104 Jerusalem: City of Peace 57 Jerusalem from Below 57 Jerusalem Peace 57 Jesse Jackson and Carolyn Shelton: Pushing for Ex¬ cellence 143 The Jews of Djerba 36 The Jews of Morocco 24 Joe David/Spirit of the Mask 175 Joe Jacobs—Stone Carver 175 Joey 164 Johnny from Fort Apache 176 Jom 29 Jordan 57 Jordan—Daughter of the Desert 57 Joshua's Soapstone Carving 176 Journey Towards Peace 27 Juan Felix Sanchez 224 Juan Peron 209 Judge Horton and the Scottsboro Boys 144 Julia, the Gourdcarver 221 Just Lather, That's All 217 Justifiable Homicide 144 Jyoti 73

Filmography of the Third World Ka Rorn: Southern Village 111 Kagemusha 95 The Kalahari Desert People 14 Kambur 63 Karate 96 Kataragama 78 Ka'u 121 Kauai 121 The Key 58 Kheturni Bayo: North Indian Women 74 Kibbutz 58 Kiliwa: Hunters and Gatherers of Baja California 198 Killer of Sheep 144 King: A Filmed Record, Mont¬ gomery to Memphis 144 King: Montgomery to Memphis 144 The Kirghiz of Afghanistan 66 The Klan: A Legacy of Hate in America 129 Kleena 176 Kongi's Harvest 27 Korea 100 Korea: Overview 100 Korea: Performing Arts—The Wonderful World of Kim Sung Hee 100 Korea—Reflections on the Morn¬ ing Calm 100 Korea: Rich Heritage—Land of Morning Calm 100 Korea: The Circle of Life— Traditional Customs and Rituals 100 Korea: Window to the Orient 101 Koryo Caledon 101 'Ksan 176 Kuala Lumpur 107 Kurokawa—A Play from the Past, A Plan for the Future 96 Kuwait—Metamorphosis of the Desert 46 Kwanzaa: The Gathering of a People 144 The Kwegu 19 Kyoto, the City of Ancient Traditions 96

Title Index Land of the Book 58 Langdon Warner and the Preservation of Japan's Cultural Properties 96 Laroussie the Saddlemaker 24 Larwari and Walkara 122 Last Chance for the Navajo 176 The Last Ghetto 62 Last Grave at Dimbaza 31 The Last of the Blue Devils 145 The Last of the Cuiva 217 Last Stand in Eden 22 The Last Tasmanian 122 The Last Wave 122 Latin American Overview 191 Latino Profiles: Living in the U.S. Today 164 Leadbelly 145 A Leap of a Thousand Years 160 Lebanon and the Crusades 51 Lebanon—Modern Mosaic 51 Lee Baltimore: 99 Years; "What Makes a Poor Man Rich" 145 Lee's Parasol 111 Legacy of a Dream 145 Legend Days Are Over 176 The Legend of John Henry 145 The Legend of the Paramo 217 Let Them Come with Rain 15 Letter from an Apache 177 Letters 212 The Libertarians 212 The Life and Poetry of Julia de Burgos 164 Listen Caracas 224 The Living Desert of Libya 23 The Living Goddess 67 Living Music for Golden Moun¬ tains 160 The Living Sands of Namib 9 Living Together 58 Living Treasures of Japan 96 Local Noh Drama and Village Life 96 The Long Fist 89 The Long Night 146 The Long Search: (2) Hindu¬

265 ism , 330 Million Gods 74 The Long Search: (3) Bud¬ dhism, Footprint of the Buddha—India 39 The Long Search: (5) Islam; There Is No God But God 17 The Long Search: (8) Religion in Indonesia; the Way of the Ancestors 104 The Long Search: (9) Bud¬ dhism: The Land of the Disappearing Buddha—Japan 97 The Long Search: (10) African Religions: Zulu Zion 31 Loose Pages Bound 160 Losing Ground 146 The Lost Pharaoh: The Search for Akhenaten 17 Louis Armstrong 146 Lucy Covington: Native Ameri¬ can Indian 177 Lumaaq—An Eskimo Legend 177

Mababangong Bangungot: The Perfumed Nightmare 108 The McMasters 129 Macunaima 212 Made in Mississippi: Black Folk Art and Craft 146 Magic in the Sky 177 Mahalia Jackson 146 The Maharajas: Imperialism by Conspiracy 74 Mahatma Gandhi: Soul Force 74 Making of a Man 49 Malawi, the Warm Heart of Africa 23 Malay Fishermen 107 Malaysian Village 107 Malbangka Country 122 A Malecite Fancy Basket 177 The Man 146 Man and His Environment 1: Rain Forest Family 191 Man and His Environment 2: Food from the Rain Forest 191

266

Filmography of the Third World

The Man and the Giant 177 The Man in the Middle 51 Man of Leather 213 The Man Who Loved the Stars 147 A Mandate to Assist 107 Manifestations of Shiva 39 Manila 109 Manuel Jimenez—Woodcarver 199 The Many Faces of Mexico 199 Mao by Mao 84 Mao: Long March to Power 84 Mao: Organized Chaos 84 Mao Tse-tung 84 Marathon Woman: Miki Gorman 160 Marcelo Ramos—The Firework Maker's Art 199 Marginal People 67 Maria of the Pueblos 178 Martin Luther King, Jr. 147 Martin Luther King, Jr.—The Assassin Years 147 Mary Kingsley: West Africa, 1893 9 Masai Women 10 Master Weavers of the Andes 221 Masterpieces of Chinese Art 84 Masters of the Congo Jungle 15 A Matter of Pride 97 Maui and His Kite 122 Maya Lords of the Jungle 192 Me and Stella 147 Medal of Honor Rag 147 Medicine Man 20 The Medium Is the Masseuse: A Balinese Massage 104 The Melon Tossing Game 33 Men of Bronze 147 The Meo 84 Mesa Verde: Mystery of the Silent Cities 178 The Metis 129 Mexican-American Culture, Its Heritage 164 Mexican Charro: Man of Two

Worlds 199 Mexican Indian Legends 199 Mexican Vaquero: The First Cowboy 199 Mexico, A Changing Land 199 Mexico: A Family-Style Menu 200 Mexico—Giant of Latin America

200 A Micmac Scale Basket 178 The Middle East 41 The Middle East: Building a Dream 58 Middle East: Journey into the Future 41 The Middle East: Leadership and Identity 17 The Middle East: Mosaic of Peoples 41 Middle East—Promised Land, Troubled Land 41 Mideast: Arts, Crafts and Architecture 42 Mideast: Economic Development 42 Mideast: Islam—The Unifying Force 42 Mideast: Land and People 42 Mideast: Pioneers of Science 42 The Migrants, 1980 129 Miles of Smiles, Years of Struggle 147 Mind, Body and Spirit: Health Care for the Masses 85 Minga—We Work Together 218 Ming-oi the Magician 89 A Minor Altercation 129 Minorities 148 The Miracle of Bali: Art and Religion in Bali 104 The Miracle of Bali: Music and Dance in Bali 105 The Miracle of Bali: The Midday Sun 105 The Miracle of Bali: Trance and Ritual in Bali 105 Mirrors: Reflections of a Cul¬ ture 165 Misa Colombiana 217 Miskito Indians 203

Title Index Missing 207 Missing Persons 215 Mississippi Delta Blues 148 Mitsuye and Nellie: Asian American Poets 160 Moccasin Flats 178 Mohammad, Messenger of God 62 Mohammed Reza Pahlavi: Poli¬ tics of Oil 50 Mohawk Basketmaking: A Cul¬ tural Profile 178 Mohawk Potter 178 The Moncada Program 227 The Monument of Chief Rolling Mountain Thunder 179 Monument to the Sun: The Story of the Aztec Calendar Stone 200 Moods and Images of Singapore 110 A Moon Mask by Freda Deising 179 Moonblood: A Yanomamo Crea¬ tion Myth As Told by Dedeheiwa 224 More Than Bows and Arrows 179 Morocco—A Berber Portrait 24 Mosori Monika 224 Mothers in Conflict—Children in Need 5 Mourning for Mangatopi 122 Moving On: The Hunger for Land in Zimbabwe 38 Mudhorse 17 Murals of Aztlan 164 Museum on the Hill 58 A Musical Tradition in Banaras 74 My Dad's Given Up 195 My Father Sun-Sun Johnson 231 My Hands Are the Tools of My Soul 179 My Survival as an Aboriginal

122 Mysore—Southern Mysore 74 Mysteries of the Great Pyramid 17

267 The Mystery of the Anasazi 179 The Mystery of the Maya 192 Myth of Naro As Told by Dedeheiwa 224 Myth of Naro As Told by Kaobawa 224 Myths and the Moundbuilders 179

NFL Players CARE Report #1: Haiti, Dominican Republic 229 NFL Players CARE Report #2: Ecuador, Peru 218, 221 N!ai, the Story of a !Kung Woman 33 Namatjira, the Painter 123 Namibia: A Case Study in Colonialism 34 Namibia: A Trust Betrayed 34 Nanook of the North 180 Narcotics File: The Challenge 112 Narcotics File: The Source 112 Narcotics File: The Taming of a Flower 64 Nasser: People's Pharaoh 17 Nathan Jackson—Tlingit Artist 180 Native American Myths 180 Navajo Country 180 Navajo Race for Prosperity 180 The Navigators: Pathfinders of the Pacific 123 Ned Williams 148 North American Indian Legends 181 A New Deal 5 New Delhi 74 The New Indians 180 The New Opium Route 65 The New School 227 New Tribes Mission 224 The New World 228 New Zealand 123 The New Zimbabwe 38 The Newcomers 5

268

Filmography of the Third World

Nicaragua, Adelante! 204 Nicaragua, Before and After: Paraiso 204 Nicaragua—Healing the Wounds of War 204 Nicaragua: Scenes from the Revolution 204 A Night in the Art Gallery 85 The Night of Counting the Years 17 Nine Narrow Miles 58 Njangaan 29 No Handouts for Mrs. Hedge¬ peth 148 No Place to Be Me 29 No Place to Go 200 Noah's Park 58 Noel Nutels 213 Noh Drama 97 Nomads of Iran 50 North American Indian Legends 181 North American Indians Today 181 North Brazil 213 North China Commune 85 North China Factory 85 Northern Africa: Nations of Natural Beauty 10 Not to Lose You, My Lan¬ guage 123 Nyangatom; Yellow Rifles 19

The Only Good Indian 181 Only the Ball Was White 148 The Opium Warlords 102 Opportunities in Criminal Jus¬ tice 130 Oral History 22 Oscar Howe: The Sioux Painter 181 Oscar Micheaux, Film Pioneer 148 El Otro Lado 200 The Owl and the Lemming: An Eskimo Legend 181 The Owl and the Raven: An Eskimo Legend 181 The Owl Who Married a Goose: An Eskimo Legend 182

Occupied Palestine 59 Octavio Paz: An Uncommon Poet 200 Ohana 123 Old Delhi—New Delhi 75 Old Treasures from New China 85 On Our Land 59 On the Edge of the Gobi 85 On the Roof of the World with Marco Polo 39 On the Spring Ice 181 The Ona People: Life and Death in Tierra del Fuego 209 One Hundred Entertainments: State-Supported Arts 85

A Pair of Moccasins for Mary Thomas 182 Pakistan: Mount of the Dead 78 Palestine, Program 1: Promises 59 Palestine, Program 2: Rebellion 59 Palestine, Program 3: Abdica¬ tion 59 The Palestinian People Do Have Rights 59 Palestinian Refugees in Lebanon 60 Palestinians and the P.L.O. 60 The Panama Canal (Coronet) 205 The Panama Canal (Raw Valley) 205 Panama Canal ... Funnel for Commerce 205 Panama Canal: The Longest Shortcut 206 Panama: The Fifth Frontier 206 Pancho Villa's Columbus Raid 201 Passing the Message 31 Pass/Fail 149 Passing Through 149 Patal Ganga—River of the Gods

Title Index 75 Paul Kane Goes West 182 Paul Robeson: The Tallest Tree in Our Forest 149 Paul Robeson: Tribute to an Artist 149 The Payment of Teresa Videla 209 The Peach Gang 182 Pedro Linares—Papier-Mache Artist 201 A People in Progress—Ecuador 219 People of Nes Ammin 60 People of the Current 109 People of the Seal: Eskimo Summer 182 People of the Seal: Eskimo Winter 182 Percussion, Impressions and Reality 165 Peru: Literacy for Social Change 221 Peru: People of the Sun 222 Pesticides and Pills, for Export Only—Part One: Pesticides 5 The Phans of Jersey City 160 The Picnic 165 Pikadon 97 Pinata 201 Pintubi 123 Pizza Pizza Daddy-0 149 A Place to Live 5 A Plague upon the Land 10 Plains People 22, 184 Polynesia 123 Popi 165 Porcupine Quill Work 182 Portrait of an Artist: Marcel Janco 60 Portrait of Bermuda 234 Portrait of Haiti 229 Portrait of Nelson Mandela 10 Portrait of Two Artists 149 Potlatch People 183 Potters of Hebron 60 Pow-Wow! 183 Praise 31 Preserving Egypt's Past 18 President Nixon's '72 Trip to

269 China 86 Pressure Points: Oman, South Yemen, North Yemen 46 The Price of Change 18 The Price of Hunger 6 Principles of Caste 75 The Probable Passing of Elk Creek 183 Profile of an Artist: Anna Ticho 60 Project Renewal 61 Prophecy 97 Psychic Surgery in the Philip¬ pines 109 Public Enemy Number One 106 Pueblo Arts 183 Pueblo Renaissance 183 Puerto Rico 232 Puerto Rico: A Colony the American Way 232 Puerto Rico: Our Right to Decide 232 Puerto Rico: Paradise Invaded 232 Puerto Rico U.S.A. 232 Pygmies of the Rain Forest 10 The Pygmies: People of the Forest 11

Qeros: The Shape of Survival 222 Que Viva Mexico 201

Radio 150 The Ragged Revolution 201 The Rail Way 124 Rain Forest People 37, 225 Rainbow Black 150 Rana 75 Raquira 217 Recuerdo of Two Sundays and Two Roads That Lead to the Sea 109 The Red Bowmen 124 The Red Dress 184 Red Sunday 184 Red, White, and Blue and Black 130 Religion in Nigeria: Christianity

270 27 Remember Me 6 Remembering Thelma 150 The Rendille of Northern Kenya 22 Report from Beirut: Summer of '82 51 Repossession 184 Resurgence: The Movement for Equality 130 Retratos 165 The Return 61 Returns to Mexico 202 The Revolution Is Advancing 25 Rhino Rescue 38 Ricardo Montalban's South America 207 Rich Man's Medicine, Poor Man's Medicine 11 Richard's Totem Pole 183 Rift of Fire 124 Right On/Be Free 150 Rio Grande: Where Four Cul¬ tures Meet 130 Rise Up and Walk 11 Ritual 97 River People 24, 217 The Road to Katmandu 39 Robert Bellegrade, A Prairie Artist 184 Robin Campbell: Old Feller Now 124 Rock Paintings of Baja California 202 Rockers 231 Roll of Thunder, Hear My Cry 150 Roots 150 Rose de Lima 222 Roses in December: The Story of Jean Donovan 194 Routes of Exile: A Moroccan Jewish Odyssey 25 Roy Wilkins: The Right to Dignity 150 The Royal Archives of Ebla 63 Rubber Plantation 108 Rural Migrants—No Place to Live 6

Filmography of the Third World Sabina Sanchez—The Art of Embroidery 202 Sacred Art of Tibet 86 Sacred Trances of Bali and Java 105 Sad Song of Touha 18 Sadat's Eternal Egypt 18 Saints and Spirits 25 The Samaritans 61 Samurai Swords 97 Sananguagat: Inuit Masterworks 184 Sand Fishermen 218 Sandino, Today and Forever 204 Sandino Vive 204 Sankofa 21 El Santuario de Chimayo 165 Sara Smith, Mohawk Potter 185 Sarah 151 Saudi Arabia 46 Saudi Arabia: The Oil Revolu¬ tion 47 Say Amen, Somebody 151 Scenes from Travel in Colombia 218 Scott Joplin: King of Ragtime Composers 151 The Search for the Nile: (1) The Dream of the Wanderer 11 The Search for the Nile: (2) Discovery and Betrayal 11 The Search for the Nile: (3) The Secret Fountains 11 The Search for the Nile: (4) The Great Debate 11 The Search for the Nile: (5) Find Livingstone 12 The Search for the Nile: (6) Conquest and Death 12 Seeds of Revolution 196 Seeking the First Americans 185 Seminole Indians 185 A Sense of Pride: Hamilton Heights 151 Seoul of Don Bosco--Seoul, Korea 101 September Wheat 6 Serama's Mask 105

Title Index Settlement or Resolution: The Golan Heights 63 The Seven Wishes of Joanna Peabody 151 Shao Ping, the Acrobat 86 Sherpa High Country 68 The Sherpas of Nepal 68 The Shilluk of Southern Sudan 34 Shinnecock: A Story of a People 185 Shinto: Nature, Gods and Man in Japan 98 Shipley Street 151 Short Eyes 165 Shunka's Story 202 Sigaalow: Town of Dust 29 Silkmaking in China 86 A Silver Chalice by Jeff Gabriel 185 Simplemente Jenny 191 Sinai Field Mission 42 Singapore 110 Sitting Bull: A Profile in Power 185 Six Days in Soweto 31 Six Feet of the Country 32 The Six Nations 186 Sizwe Banzi Is Dead: Conven¬ tions of the Theater 152 Slima the Dhowmaker 35 So Far from India 130 Soldiers in Sinai: A Peace¬ keeping Story 43 Some Women of Marrakesh 25 Something for Everyone: Rural Communal Living 86 Son of the Ocean 86 Sons of Haji Omar 66 Sons of the Anzacs, 1939-1945 124 Soro: The Beating Game 27 La Soufriere 233 Souls in the Sun 29 The Sound of Japanese Drums 98 The Sound of Rushing Water 207 Source of Faith 61 South Africa Belongs to Us 32 South Africa: The White

271 Laager 32 South America: History and Heritage 207 South America: Land and People 207 South America: Overview 208 South Asia in Transition 65 South Brazil 213 South Pacific: End of Eden? 124 Southeast Asia: Lands and Peoples 102 Southern Africa 12 Southern Black Cnildren 152 Southwest Asia: Nations of Complexity 43, 65 The Spanish in the Southwest 166 Spirit Catcher—The Art of Betye Saar 152 The Spirit of Youth 152 The Spirit World of Tidikawa 124 Sports Profile 152 Sri Lanka: Jewel of the Orient 78 Step Forward Youth 236 Stepping Stones 61 Stilt Dancers of Long Bow Vil¬ lage 87 The Stone Age Survivors 125 The Story of the Aztecs 202 Street Corner Stories 153 Struggle for Los Trabajos 166 Suez Canal 43 Sugar Cane 109 Sugar Is Not Enough 219 The Sugar Mill 213 The Sun Dagger 186 Sun Ra: A Joyful Noise 153 El Super 166 The Super Powers and the Arab-Israeli Dispute 43 The Superlative Horse 87 Survivors 161 Suzanne Suzanne 153 Suzhou 87 Syvilla: They Dance to Her Drum 153

Tahiti

125

272

Filmography of the Third World

Taiwan: Silk and Strings 101 The Taj Mahal 75 Tajimoltik 202 Tantra of Gyoto 87 Tanzania: Education for SelfReliance 35 Tanzania: Path for a Nation 35 Tao: The Way and Its Power 87 Taoism 87 Tap Dancin' 153 Tapir Distribution 225 Tarahumara: Racers Against Time 202 Target Nicaragua: Inside a Covert War 204 Task Force South: The Battle for the Falklands 209 The Tea Ceremony 98 Tea Workers of India 75 The Temptation of Power 50 Ten Minutes to Live 153 Terremoto 195 Terrific and Tranquil 233 Territory, Security Conflict: The Golan Heights 63 Terror and the Time 219 Thailand 112 Thailand: Land of Smiles 112 Thank God and the Revolution 205 Thank You M'am 154 That Our Children Will Not Die 28 That Uncertain Paradise 125 These Were the Maya! 193 They Fish the Great Slave 186 They Promised to Take Our Land 186 The Thieves 154 A Thing of Wonder 28 The Third Millennium 208 The Third Voyage of Captain James Cook, 1776-1780 125 The Third World 6 This Land of Ours 233 Those Born at Masset: Part 1; Part 2 186 Those Who Sing Together 186 Three Dances by Gulpilil 125

Three Miles High 222 Three Paths: Hinduism, Bud¬ dhism , and Taoism 40 The Three Worlds of Bali 105 Threescore and Ten 112 Through Young People's Eyes 130 Tibetan Buddhism: Cycles of Interdependence 87 Tibetan Buddhism: Preserving the Monastic Tradition 76 Tibetan Medicine: A Buddhist Approach to Healing 88 Tidikawa and Friends 125 The Tiger's Nest 68 Tighten the Drums: SelfDecoration Among the Enga 126 A Time to Rise 187 Tin Miners of Malaysia 108 Tin Mining 108 To Be a Jew in Arab Lands 43 To Be Somebody 166 To Die, to Live: The Survivors of Hiroshima 98 To Find the Baruya Story: An Anthropologist at Work 126 To Heal a Scar 126 To Live in Freedom 61 To Live with Herds 36 To Make the Balance 203 To Remember the Fallen: Con¬ flict in Japan 98 To Save the Amazon's Green Hell 208 To Serve the Gods 230 Tobriand and Cricket: An In¬ genious Response to Colonial¬ ism 126 Today in the Land of the Bible 61 Todos Santos Cuchumatan 195 The Tokyo Day 98 Tony Hunt, Kwakiutl Artist 187 Too Far, Too Fast? 99 The Torture of Mothers 154 Toula 26 Towards a People's Cinema 191 Traditional Bunraku Theater 99 Traditional Japanese Sports 99 Traditional World of Islam: (1)

Title Index Unity

44

Traditional World of Islam: (2) Nomad and City 25, 44 Traditional World of Islam: (3) Man and Nature 44 Traditional World of Islam: (4) Patterns of Beauty 44 Traditional World of Islam: (5) Knowledge of the World 18, 44 Traditional World of Islam: (6) Inner Life 44 Tragada Bhavai: A Rural Theater Troupe of Gujarat 76 Trail of Broken Treaties 187 Transition Generation: A Third World Problem 66 Transmagnifican Dambamuality 154 The Treasure Within 208 Treasures from the Valley of the Kings 18 The Tree of Life 202 The Tribal Eye: The (1) Crooked Beak of Heaven 1 The Tribal Eye: (2) Behind the Mask 28 The Tribal Eye: (3) Man Blong Custom 126 The Tribal Eye: (4) Woven Gardens 50 The Tribal Eye: (5) The Sweat of the Sun 191 The Tribal Eye: (6) Kingdom of Bronze 28 Tribute to Africa 12 Trip to Awareness: A Jain Pilgrimage to India 76 Tsetse—The Fly That Would Be King 12 The Tuaregs 26 Tug-of-War, Bushmen 12 Tug-of-War, Yanomamo 225 Tununeremiut: The People of Tununak 187 Turkana Conversations Trilogy: A Wife Among Wives 22 Turkana Conversations Trilogy: Lorang's Way 22 Turkana Conversations Trilogy:

273 The Wedding Camels 23 Turkey 64 Turkey: Crossroads of the Ancient World 64 Tiirkiye 64 Tuskegee Institute 154 Tut, the Boy King 19 Tutankhamun, Live Forever 19 The Twenty-Third Cease-Fire 51 Two Black Churches 154 Two Centuries of Black Ameri¬ can Art 155 Two Families: African and American 12 The Two Worlds of Angelita 166 The Two Worlds of Hong Kong 89

Uhuru ... The Struggle for Freedom 6 Ujamaa 35 Ula No Weo 126 El Ultimo Baile 225 Uncommon Images: James Van Der Zee 155 The United Arab Emirates: A New Oil Nation 47 The Uprooted 36 Uptown Saturday Night 155

Valerie: A Woman! An Artist! A Philosophy of Life! 155 Vanishing Hawaii 126 Varnette's World: A Study of a Young Artist 155 A Veiled Revolution 44 Via Dolorosa 196 Vietnam: An American Journey 113 Vietnam: An Historical Docu¬ ment 113 Vietnam: The Television War 113 Vishnu's Maya 76 Vision of Juazeiro 214 A Visit from Captain Cook Viva la Causa 167

187

274

Filmography of the Third World

Voice of the Fugitive 155 Voices 62 Voices of the People: The Elections in India 1977 76

The Wilby Conspiracy 32 A Willow Basket by Florine Hotomani 188 Witchcraft Among the Azande 13 The Witchy Weed

The Wages of Action: Religion in a Hindu Village 76 Waiting for Fidel 227 Waiting for Water 99 Walbiri Fire Ceremony 127 Walbiri Ritual at Gunadjari 127 Walbiri Ritual at Ngama 127 Walkabout 127 Walking in a Sacred Manner 188 The Warao 225 The Water of Words: A Cultur¬ al Ecology of a Small Island in Eastern Indonesia 106 Wattstax 155 The Way of the Nomad— Australia's Desert Aboriginals 127 The Way of the Willow 161 We Are Arab Jews in Israel 62 We Are Universal 156 We Remember, Part 1 188 We Remember, Part 2 188 Wedding of the Goddess: Part I 77 Wedding of the Goddess: Part II 77 Weeding the Garden 225 A Well-Spent Life 156 We're Moving Up: The His¬ panic Migration 167 Westside Store 131 Wet Earth and Warm People 106 What Makes Japan Work 99 What Will I Be Tomorrow? 23 Whatever Happened to El Sal¬ vador? 194 When a Man Hungers 77 When the Animals Talked 156 Where Are My People? 45 Where Did You Get That Woman? 156 Where the River Enters the Sea 188 White Bridge 62

214

With Patsy in St. Vincent 233 The Wiz 156 Women in Arms 205 Women in Cuba: "Buenos Dias, Companeras" 228 Women of Bangladesh 67 Women Under Siege 52 Wooden Flowers of Nova Scotia by Matilda 188 The Working Processes of the Potters of India: Bindapur— A Colony of 700 Potters 77 The Working Processes of the Potters of India: Massive Terra-Cotta 77 World Cultures and Youth: Yoshiko the Papermaker 99 The World of Mother Teresa 77 The World Turned Upside Down 157 Wuxing People's Commune 88

Xian

88

Yang-xun the Peasant Painter 88 The Year of Living Dangerously 106 The Year of the Wildebeest 35 Yemen 47 Yemen—An Emerging Arab Re¬ public 47 Yes, Ma'am 157 Yesterday, Today: The Netsilik Eskimo 189 Yohannes the Silversmith 20 Yonder Come Day 157 You Have Struck a Rock! 32 Your Children Come Back to You 157 Your Move 157 Yoyo Man 109

Title Index

275

Yumi Yet: Independence for Papua New Guinea 127

The Zambezi Express

13

Zambia 37 The Zen Archer 99 A Zenana: Scenes and Recol¬ lections 78 Zerda's Children 209

UNIVERSITY LIBRARIES 815 W. MICHIGAN ST. INDIANAPOLIS, IN 46202

3 9000 01 0 101

892

HC 59.7 . C975 1985 Cyr, Helen W., 1926A filmography of the Third World, 1976-1983

II39Z766

(-lO-SZ

C