A bibliography of the Navaho Indians (Navajo)
 0404071341, 9780404071349

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J7i. 201, 222-3, 227-8, 230, 232, 247-8, 266, 268, 285-7, 3°7. 3i5, 397. 418-23, 434. 437-4°. 459, 462-3, 467, 543, 548, 673-9, 730-6 History of Navaho relations with Spanish and Americans.

1876 Petitot, Emile F.S.J. Monographic des Dene-Dindjie. Paris. pp. 21-2, 103-4 Relates Navaho to Apache but calls both Pueblo Indians; comparative vocabulary of Navaho and northern Dene.

1886 Dunn, J. P. Massacres of the mountains. New York. pp. 244-72, 447-76 Navaho mode of life; re¬ lations with Americans; Carson's campaign and life at Bosque Redondo. Good historical account.


Bandelier, Adolph

pp. 45, 95, 103, 106-7, 111 Relations of Nav¬ aho with Spanish and Pueblos.

*1895 Hodge, F. W. The early Navaho and Apache. See IV-D-i. 1899 Engelhardt, Fr. Zephyrin. The Fran¬ ciscans in Arizona. Harbor Springs, Mich¬ igan. pp. 208-11 Summary of early missions to Nav¬ aho; founding of Franciscan mission at St. Michaels, 1895-8.

1901 Dellenbaugh, Frederick S. The NorthAmericans of yesterday. New York, pp. 61-2, 131-3, 150-2, 198-9, 294-8, 313-4, 331, 412, 445-7 Material from W. Matthews and Stevenson, etc. on sandpainting, weaving, cloth¬ ing, houses; silverwork. Illus.

1911-7 Twitchell, Ralph E. The leading facts of New Mexican history. 5 vols. Cedar Rapids, Iowa. Vol. 1, pp. 5, 48, 341, 412, 428, 441, 457, 462, 485 Mention in early accounts. Vol. 2, pp. 42-4, 217-8, 263, 303-4, 315-21, 433-5 Campaigns against Navaho; Bosque Re¬ dondo. Vol. 3, pp. 322-74, 420, 532-3 Detailed account of American expeditions against Navaho. Vol. 4, pp. 69-70, vol. 5, pp. 162, 174-5, 177, 184, 193, 201, 215 Mention.

New Mexico under Mexican administration, 1821-46. OSF 1:

1913-4 Bloom, Lansing B.



1890 Hemenway Southwestern Archaeolog¬ ical Expedition. See I. pp. 173-4, 182 Navaho name for Acoma; date of Navaho massacre at Hauicu; conspiracy with Pueblos.

1890-2 Final report of investigations . . . See I.

134. 261, early rela¬

131-75, 236-87, 348-85.

pp. 11, 24-5, 32, 46, 159, 162, 166-7, 355, 366

Navaho-Mexican hostilities. Estelle B. Volunteer soldiers of New Mexico and their conflicts with Indians in 1862-3. OSF 1: 386-419.

1914 Burton,

pp. 386-90, 397-8, 400, 407, 410-2, 414-9 Ex¬ peditions against Navaho.




1915 Farish, Thomas E. History of Arizona. 8 vols. Phoenix. Vol. 1, pp. 300-18, vol. 2, pp. 168-82, vol. 5, p. 328, vol. 7, pp. 36-92 Relations with whites; material on mode of life and customs for the most part quoted from Matthews, Stevenson, Curtis, and Franciscans.

1919 Sabin, Edwin L. Kit Carson days (180968). 2 vols. New York. 1935. (Chicago, I9I9-) pp. 25, 102, 198, 675, 682, 708, 715, 730, 751,

758, 851-2, 864-7, 870, 873-4, 876, 887, 899-900 Carson’s Navaho campaign; Bosque Redondo.



F. T. Kit Carson. NMHR



1934a Bender, A. B. Government explorations in the territory of New Mexico, 1846-59. NMHR 9: 1-32. pp. 9-12 Military matters; Washington’s popu¬ lation estimate for Navaho 7-10,000.

1934b Bender, A. B. Frontier defense in the territory of New Mexico, 1846-61. NMHR 9: 249-72,


pp. 266-71 passim, 353-4, 358-61, 363-5, 369-72 Navaho troubles on frontier; Navaho depredations and punitive expeditions.

1934 Eckel, Le Charles G. History of Ganado, Arizona. Flagstaff. Life of Lorenzo Hubbel and short history of Ganado.

pp. 388-93 Carson’s Navaho expedition. 1927 Bloom,



New Mexico. NMHR

Early weaving in

2: 228-38.

pp. 232-3 Navaho weaving.

# 1932c! Amsden, Charles NMHR 7: 193-209.


Navaho origins.

1935 Thomas, See I.


B. After Coronado . . .

pp. 13-4, 22-3, 47 Expeditions by Navaho against Pawnee and French; Spanish expeditions against Navaho. (For documents translated in this publication see II-A.)

Judicious summary of the published evidence then available.

1937 Hackett, Charles W. Historical docu¬ ments relating to New Mexico . . . See I.

1932 Bartlett, Katherine. Why the Navajos came to Arizona. MNA-MN 5: 29-32.

pp. 23, 27-30, 35-6, 143 Hostilities with Nav¬ aho; missionary attempts. (For documents trans¬ lated in this publication see II-A.)

1932 Hoopes, Alban W. Indian affairs and their administration, with especial reference to the far West, 1849-60. Philadelphia. Chapter VI deals with New Mexico and Texas. 1932 Lockwood, Frank.

Pioneer days in Ari¬

zona. New York. pp. 81-6 Pacification of the Navaho; p. 82 drawing of Navaho costume by R. H. Kern. Other¬ wise available only in Simpson, 1849 (see 1I-A and V-B-i).

1932 Thomas, ... See I.


B. Forgotten frontiers

pp. x, 41-56 passim, 77 Spanish policy toward and triumph over the Navaho and their alliance with Gila Apache. (For documents translated in this publication see II-A.)

1933 Amsden, Charles A. The Navaho exile at Bosque Redondo. NMHR 8: 31-50. Report of historical in¬ vestigations at Crownpoint. MS of ca. 50 p. In the New Mexico Historical Society (Santa Fe) and the Department of History, University of New Mexico (Albuquerque).

1933 Jones,


1937 Bartlett, Katherine. The Navajo wars, 1825-50, Hopt history no. 2. MNA-MN 8: 33-7-

1937 Hodge, Frederick W. History of Hawik. uh, New Mexico. Publications of the F. W. Hodge Anniversary Publication Fund, vol. l. Los Angeles. PP- 93, 98, hi note 30, 124 note 201 Arvide preached to Navaho; hostilities; a Pecos name for Navaho is Keretsa.

1937-8 Reeve, Frank D. The Federal Indian policy in New Mexico, 1858-80. NMHR 12: 218-69; 13: 14-62, 146-91, 261-313. Vol. 12, pp. 223-69, vol. 13, 14-50, 309-13 and passim. Chapter on Navaho; Bosque Redondo.

1937-8 Scholes, France V. Troublous times in New Mexico, 1659-50. NMHR 12: 13451, 380-452; 13: 63-84; to be continued. Vol. 12, pp. 150, 396 Pueblo-Navaho relations; expedition led by Dominguez against Navaho (see II-A 1643-1701).

1938c Van Valkenburgh, Richard F. A short history of the Navajo people. U. S.,


B. Secondary Worlds Department of the Interior, Navajo Service, Window Rock, Arizona. 56 p. Mimeo¬ graphed. 1939a Lockett, H. Claiborne. The Beale ex¬ pedition. Haskell Press. Published by the U. S., Department of the Interior, Office of Indian Affairs, Division of Education. 1939 Reeve, Frank D. The government and the Navaho, 1846-58. NMHR 14: 82-114. In addition to published sources Reeve has ex¬ amined the correspondence of officials including Bent, Kearney, Medill, Croghan Ker, Taylor, Bu¬ ford, Gordon, Munroe, Orlando Brown, Mix, Sumner, Backus, J. H. Eaton, S. M. Baird, Ken¬ drick, Lane, Miles, Meriwether, Manypenny, Dodge, Davis, Garland, Collins, Saunders, Con¬ rad, Otero.

1939 Johnston, Philip. Peshla\ai Atsidi (18509-1959). Plateau (a quarterly continu¬ ing MNA-MN) 12: 21-5.

1940 Hill, Willard W. Some Navaho culture changes during two centuries (with a translation oj the early eighteenth century Rabat manuscript). In Essays in Historical Anthropology of North America, published in honor of John R. Swanton, Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections 100 (whole vol.), PP-


This includes a translation of Rabat, 1744, see II-A.

(1940) Bitanny, Adolph. Who’s who among the Navahos. MS. To be mimeographed by the Navajo Service, Window Rock, Ari¬ zona. Biographical sketches of well-known Navahos, living and dead.

1940c Van Valkenburgh, Richard F. Tsosi Tells the Story of Massacre Cave. The Desert Magazine 3, (Febr.): 22-26. Illus.

III. ENVIRONMENTAL A. Geology and Geography T. 1930 Triassic bentonite of the Painted Des¬ ert. AJS ser. 5, 19: 283-8. Illus., bibl.

the Soil Conservation Service, U. S., Dept, of Agriculture) 1, no. 3: 1-4. Illus.

Allen, Victor

Collier, John

See popular articles on soil conservation in VI-A-1.

Baker, Arthur A.

1936 Geology of Monument Valley-Navaho Mountain region, San Juan County, Utah. USGS-B 865. 106 p. Illus.

L. 1920 The pre-Moenkopi (pre-Permian?) unconformity of the Colorado Plateau. JG 28: 61-74. Ulus., map, bibl.

Dake, Charles

Bauer, Clyde M.

1916 Stratigraphy of a part of the Chaco River Valley. USGS-PP 98-P. M., and Reeside, J. B., Jr. 1921 Coal in the middle and eastern parts of San Juan County, New Mexico. USGSB 716-G.

N. H. 1910 A reconnaissance of parts of north¬ western New Mexico and northern Ari¬ zona. USGS-B 435. 88 p. Illus., maps, bibl.

E. F. 1858 Wagon road from Ft. Defiance to the Colorado River. See V-B-i, 35th Cong., 1 sess., H.E.D. 124.

1925 A resume of Arizona geology. Uni¬ versity of Arizona, College of Mines and Engineering, Arizona Bureau of Mines Bulledn 119. Tucson. 298 p. Illus., maps, bibl.


Bauer, Clyde


1928 “Red Beds” and associated formations in New Mexico. USGS-B 794.

Brown, Barnum

1910 The cretaceous Ojo Alamo beds of New Mexico. AMNH-B 28: 267-74.

E. 1902 An interesting landslide in the Chaco Canyon, New Mexico. Abstr. S, n.s., 15: 746. Also in American Geologist 29: 322.

Dodge, Richmond

Bryan, Kirk

1923 Wind erosion near Lee’s Ferry, Ari¬ zona. AJS ser. 5, 6: 291-307. Illus., bibl. 1925 Pedestal rocks in the arid Southwest. USGS-B 760, I-II. Contrib. to the Geogr. of the U. S. Illus., bibl.

E. 1882 Tertiary history of the Grand Canyon district; with atlas. USGS-M 2. 264 p. Illus., maps.

Dutton, Clarence

1926 Recent deposits of Chaco Canyon, New Mexico. Journal of the Washington Academy of Science 16: 75-6. 1928 Niches and other cavities in sandstone at Chaco Canyon, New Mexico. Zeitschrift fur Geomorphologie 3: 125-40.

1886 Mount Taylor and the Zuni plateau. USGS-AR 6: 105-98. Useful.

T. H., Martius, R. N., and Walker, A. J. 19 37 Geology of the Navajo country. NY A (Project 6677-Y). 20 p. Mimeographed.


*1929 Flood-water farming. GR 19: 444-56. Very significant to the anthropologist.

M. R., and Gregory, Herbert E. 1911 The Black Mesa coal field, Arizona. USGS-B 431: 229-38. Maps.


Competent, non-technical digest with helpful bibliography. Edwards, Ira

W. 1935 Soil conservation in the Navajo coun¬ try. Soil Conservation (Official Organ of

Collier, Charles


1927 A geological expedition to Rainbow Natural Bridge, Utah. Public Museum of the City of Milwaukee, Year Book 1925, 5: 104-21. Illus.



W. 1930 Fossil hunting in New Mexico. Smith¬ sonian Institution, Explorations and Field-Work in 1929: 17-22. Washington. Illus.

Gilmore, Charles

E. 1913 The Shinarump Conglomerate. AJS ser. 4, 35: 424-38. Map, bibl.

Gregory, Herbert

1915a The Navajo country. AGS-B 47: 56177, 652-72. Illus., map. Repeated in all essentials in Gregory, 1916.

1915b The igneous origin of the “glacial deposits” on the Navajo Reservation, Ari¬ zona and Utah. AJS ser. 4, 40: 97-115. Illus., map, bibl. **1916 The Navajo country, a geographic and hydrographic reconnaissance of parts of Arizona, New Mexico, and Utah. USGS-WSP 380. 219 p. Illus., maps, bibl. Indispensable information general geography.




1917 Geology of the Navajo country, a reconnaissance of parts of Arizona, New Mexico, and Utah. USGS-PP 93. 161 p. Illus., maps. Little of direct use to the anthropologist. Hollick, Arthur

1930 The petrified forests of Arizona. Jour¬ nal of the New York Botanical Garden 31: M-S-

W. H. 1877 Geological report on the San Juan district. U. S. Geological and Geograph¬ ical Survey of the Territories, 9th Annual Report 1875: 237-76. Illus., maps.


J. W. 1931 Navajo nomadism. Illus., map.


H. Claiborne, ed. 1937 Proceedings of the First Navajo Serv¬ ice Land Management Conference, March 2-6, Flagstaff, Arizona. Navajo Service School Bulletin, no. 1. Published by office of Lucy Wilcox Adams, Director, Navajo Schools.


C. R., Miser, H. D., Moore, R. C., K., and Paige, S. 1925 Rock formations in the Colorado plateau of southeastern Utah and north¬ ern Arizona. USGS-PP 132: 1-23. Shorter Contributions to General Geology, 19234. Illus., map, bibl.



D. 1934a The Coconino sandstone—its history and origin. Carnegie Institution, Publica¬ tion 440: 77-115. Washington. Illus., map, bibl.

McKee, Edwin

1934b An investigation of the light-colored, cross-bedded standstone of Canyon de Chelly, Arizona. AJS ser. 5, 38: 219-33. Illus. H. D. 1924 The San Juan Canyon, southeastern Utah; a geographic and hydrographic re¬ connaissance. USGS-WSP 538. 80 p. Illus., maps, bibl.


H. D., Trimble, K. W., and Paige, S. 1923 The Rainbow Bridge, Utah. GR 13: 518-31. Illus., map.


C. 1926 Origin of enclosed meanders on streams of the Colorado plateau. JG 34:

Moore, Raymond

29-57Musgrave, M. E.

GR 21:


1935 Distribution and utilization of flood waters on Navajo lands. S, n.s., 82: 461-2.

Inadequately grounded, ethnologically.

1937 Navajo land problems. Economic Geography 13: 281-300. Illus., map. Keyes, Charles

1922 Framework of Arizona geology. PAG 38: 231-52.

J. S. 1861 Geological report. In J. C. Ives, Re¬ port upon the Colorado River of the West. See V-B-i, 36th Cong., 1 sess., H.E.D. 90.


J. 1922 Natural bridging in the high plateaus. PAG 37: 213-25. Illus.

Pack, Fred

T. 1940 Navaho economy and environment. MS. Paper read at the meetings of the Southwestern Section, American Associa¬ tion for the Advancement of Science, Tucson, Arizona, April 22, 1940.

Kimball, Solon

B. 1924 Stratigraphy of the Hopi Buttes Vol¬ canic Field. PAG 41: 355-66. Map.

Reagan, Albert


Geology and Geography

1925 Late Cretacic formations of Black Mesa, Arizona. PAG 44: 285-94. Map. 1926 Contributions to the geology of the Navajo country, Arizona; with notes on the archaeology. Abstracts of Dissertations 1924-6, 1: 138-50. Stanford University Press, Palo Alto. 1932a Some geological notes of the Upper Cretaceous of Black Mesa, Arizona. KAST 35: 232-52. Illus., bibl.

mon Flat, Naschitti, Nazlini, Piute Can¬ yon, Steamboat Canyon, Tolani Lakes, Tothlakai. Geology of Land Management Unit 12. Navajo district, annual reports, 1936-7 and

1937-8Report on soil conservation demonstration areas. Soil conservation survey, detailed, Navajo Experiment Station, Mexican Springs, New Mexico. Soil surveys, Chin Lee, Cove Demonstration Area, Dinnebito, Ganado Demonstration Area, Kayenta Irrigation Area, Klagetoh, Mariano Lakes, Shiprock.

1932b The Tertiary-Pleistocene of the Nav¬ ajo country in Arizona, with a descrip¬ tion of some of its included fossils. KAST 35= 253-9. Ulus. 1934a Utilization of the Navajo country. Iowa Academy of Science, Proceedings 41: 215-37. Maps.

Soil and water survey, Littlefield and Moenave, and Moenave Demonstration Area.

Summary of early explorations, physical history, vegetation, fauna, water supply, mineral resources.

Woodland management reports, Land Man¬ agement Units 1-5, 7-14, 17-18.

Robinson, Henry H.

See also United States, Soil Conservation Service in IV-D-2d.

1913 The San Franciscan Volcanic Field, Arizona. USGS-PP 76. 213 p. Illus., maps, bibl.

United States, Indian Affairs Office

1915 Desert wells. 8 p. Illus., map. Russell, Richard J.

1931 Dry climates of the United States—I, climatic map. UC-PG 5: 19-20, 22-24. 1932 Dry climates of the United States—II, frequency of dry and desert years, 190020. UC-PG 5: 247-8, 270-4. Maps. Sears, Julian


Hunt, Charles



Account of irrigation projects Navaho and Hopi reservations.

Vandiver, Vincent W.

1936 Geology of Navajo National Monu¬ ment. SWM-MR Supplement, July: 45-55. F. 1938a Notes on Navajo agriculture and irri¬ gation. Navajo Service, Window Rock, Arizona. 8 p. Mimeographed. 1938b Bibliography of Navajo agriculture and irrigation. Navajo Service, Window Rock, Arizona. 67 p. Mimeographed. 1940a Dinebikeyah. Navajo Service, Win¬ dow Rock, Arizona. 175 p. Mimeographed.

Van Valkenburgh, Richard

1900 Letter to Commissioner of Indian Affairs on Navajo resources. MS at Win¬ dow Rock, Arizona. 37 p. Typewritten. Stotzenberger, Lieut.

United States, Department of Agriculture, Soil Conservation Service

The following MSS are in the office of the Navajo District of the Soil Conservation Service in Gallup, New Mexico: Engineering reports, Land Management Units 1-5, 7-14, 17-18. Erosion surveys, Chuska, Dennehotso Co¬ operative Area, Lower Moenkopi, Mor¬


1933 Climatic summary of the United States, section 27, northwestern New Mexico. Washington, D. C.

Shoemaker, Samuel

1889 Report of irrigation on the Navajo Reservation. MS at Window Rock, Ari¬ zona.


United States, Weather Bureau

Carle H.

1934-6 Geology and fuel resources of south¬ ern part of San Juan basin, New Mexico. USGS-B 860. Illus., maps.


While somewhat popular in tone this paper contains much excellent geographical, historical, and ethnological information not elsewhere avail¬ able.

P. 1930 Geologic literature of New Mexico. New Mexico School of Mines, State Bureau of Mines and Mineral Resources, Bulletin 5. Socorro, New Mexico.

Wootton, Thomas

See also geological reports in V-B.




B. Flora and Fauna (including ethnobotany and ethnozoology) Denburgh,John van

Amsden, Charles A.

*1934 Navaho weaving. See IV-D-aa.

1924 Notes on the herpetology of New Mexico. California Academy of Science, Proceedings, 4th ser., 13: 189-230.

pp. 79'93 Plants used for dyes. Armer, Laura A.

1934 Cactus. New York.

W. n.d. A guide to the trees of the Navajo country. Navajo Service School Bulletin 2. Window Rock, Arizona. Mimeographed.

Deppa, J.

pp. 19, 93 Navaho name for Echinocereus coccineus, Heart Twister, mentions legend; name for Opuntia whipplei, Small Biting Cactus.

H. 1935 Report on amphibians and reptiles of the Navajo country. RB-MVE Bulletin 3. 19 p. Illus., map, bibl.

Eaton, Theodore

Bailey, Vernon

1931 Mammals of New Mexico. North American fauna, no. 53. U. S., Depart¬ ment of Agriculture, Bureau of Biological Survey. Washington. 412 p. Illus.

1937 Amphibians and reptiles of the Nav¬ ajo country. NYA (Project 6677-Y). 33 p. Mimeographed.

Benson, Seth B.

1935 A biological reconnaissance of Navajo Mountain, Utah. UC-PZ 40: 439-56. Boyers,

T. H., Morris, D., and Morris, R. 1937 Mammals of the Navajo country. NYA (Project 6677-Y). 46 p. Illus. Mimeo¬ graphed.


L. M.

1934 List of mammals collected by the RBMVE of 1933. MS. 1935 List of birds collected by the RB-

T. H., and Smith, G. 1937 Birds of the Navajo country. NYA (Project 6677-Y). 75 p. Mimeographed.


MVE. 8 p. MS. R. V. 1935 Range management policy statement, Navaho Reservation. U. S., Department of Agriculture. Washington. Mimeographed.


Edwards, Everett E.

1933 Agriculture of the American Indians: a classified list of annotated historical references with an introduction. U. S., Department of Agriculture, Biological Contributions, no. 23, edition 2. Mimeo¬ graphed.

Clark, C. C.

1935a Zoology of Navajo Mountain. RBMVE Preliminary Bulletin, Biological Series 2: 1-15. Mimeographed. 1935b Mammals of the Tsegi drainage area. RB-MVE Preliminary Bulletin, Biological Series 4. 18 p.

Navaho cited on pp. 256, 313, 436, 455.

H. 1936 The ethnobotany of the Navajo. Master’s thesis. University of Southern California. MS.

Elmore, Francis

N. 1920 Notes on the Navajo region. Ameri¬ can Botanist 26: 39-47.

Clute, Willard

Cole, La Mont C.

1936 Report on the herpetology of the Navajo country. RB-MVE 1934-5. Ber¬ keley, California. 9 p. G. N. 1914 A drought-resisting adaptation in seedlings of Hopi maize. Journal of Agri¬ cultural Research 1: 293-302.


1937 The shaman and modern medicine. EP 42: 39-46. Indian uses of plants for medicinal purposes; p. 45 Echinocereus coccineus, Navaho say that it “twists the heart.”

1938 Food animals of the Navajo. EP 44: 149-54. Farmer, Malcolm

Discusses Hopi, Zuni, and Navaho corn.


(with Richard F. Van

Valkenburgh, Haske Naswood)

1938 Ethnobotany of the Canyon de Chelly. MS in Navajo Service records. Contains over 200 items and agricultural notes.



Flora and Fauna

Franciscan Fathers

•‘1910a An ethnologic dictionary . . . See IV-D-i. Especially pp. 138-216 for Navaho ethno-botany and ethno-zoology.

M. French 1907 Some birds of southwest Colorado. The Condor 9: 152-8, 194-5.


p. 153 Wild turkeys killed by Navaho.

1908 Birds of the Navajo Reservation in New Mexico. The Condor 10: 146-52. Some ethnological information, including Nav¬ aho treatment of turkeys.

W. C., and E. M. 1892 Condition of the Navajo Indian coun¬ try. Report of the War Department. Washington, D. C. See V-B-2,52nd Cong., 2 sess.

Gurovits, Odon, Brown, Suplee,

Haskett, Bert

1936 History of the sheep industry in Ari¬ zona. AHR 7: 3-49. Hill, Willard W.

1938a Navajo use of jimsonweed. NMA 3: 19-21. J. E. 1931 Big medicine. TT, Aug.: 18-21, 37-8.


and Wyman, Leland C. 1940a An introduction to Navaho chant practice. See IV-D-4.

Kluckhohn, Clyde,

Appendix C: Concordance of Plant Names.

H. Claiborne 1935 Birds observed near Pine Springs, Arizona. MS. On deposit at the Navajo Central Agency, Window Rock, Arizona.


Matthews, Washington

1886a Navajo names for plants. AN 20: 767-77.

A. •1936a Navajo shepherd and weaver. See IV-D-23.

Reichard, Gladys

Appendix Terms.






Russell, H. N., Jr.

1935 Report of field work in ornithology. RB-MVE Preliminary Bulletin, Biological Series 3: 1-26. United States, Department of Agriculture, Soil Conservation Service

The following MSS in the office of the Navajo District of the Soil Conservation Service in Gallup, N. M.: Faunal survey, Land Management Unit 8. Prairie dog infestation. Land Management Unit 4. Wildlife reports, Land Management Units 1-5, 7-14, 17-18. Vestal, Paul

n.d. Field notes on the ethnobotany of the Ramah Navaho. MS. Botanical Museum, Harvard University. O., and Standley, Paul C. 1915 Flora of New Mexico. Smithsonian Institution, U. S. National Museum (Bul¬ letin of the U. S. National Museum). Contributions from the U. S. National Herbarium, vol. 19. Washington. 794 p.

Wooton, Elmer

C., and Harris, S. K. n.d. Medical ethnobotany of the Navaho. MS.

Wyman, Leland

A most detailed and well documented study, dealing with more than 500 species. Young, Stella (and collaborators)

1936 Growing and using Indian corn, Nav¬ ajo fashion. Mimeographed at Charles H. Burke Indian School, Fort Wingate, New Mexico.


IV. ANTHROPOLOGICAL A. Archaeology and Origins A. *i932d Navaho origins. See II-B.

Essays in Historical Anthropology of North America, published in honor of John R. Swanton, Smithsonian Miscel¬ laneous Collections 100 (whole vol.), pp.

Amsden, Charles

Bourke, John G.

1895 The early Navajo and Apache. See IV-D-i. S. 1920 Did the so-called cliff dwellers of central Arizona also build “hogans”? A A 22: 298-301.

Colton, Harold

503-32. Especially pp. 513-9 and ff. for Navaho origins. Hewett, Edgar L.

1906 Origin of the name Navajo. AA 8:

193C. 1937 Excavation of the Riana Ruin and Chama Valley Survey. UNMB-AS vol. 2, no. 1 (whole no. 300).

Hibben, Frank Farmer, Malcolm F.

1939 Field and laboratory reports; archaeo¬ logical work done in the old Navaho country. MS of ca. 200 p., maps, draw¬ ings, plates. Copies in possession of: author; Department of Anthropology, University of Arizona; Navajo Central Agency, Window Rock; and C. Kluckhohn.

pp. 13-4, 18-9 Brief description of what may be hogan remains in the Chama Valley; towers which may be of Navaho origin.

1938 The Gallina Phase. AAn 4: 131-6. Some pottery forms said to be similar to those of Navaho.

Fewkes, J. Walter

1911 Preliminary report on a visit to the Navaho National Monument, Arizona. BAE-B 50. pp. 7, 34 Explanation Navaho, phantom fires.





Hodge, Frederick W.

*1895 The early Navaho and Apache. See

IV-D-i. Keur, Dorothy

1940a A preface to Navaho archaeology (provisional title). MS of ca. 200 p. To be submitted to Department of Anthro¬ pology, Columbia University.

Franciscan Fathers

** 1910a An Ethnologic dictionary . . . See IV-D-i.

Detailed account of excavations in the Cabezon region with some collation with ethnographic and other archaeological material.

pp. 23-30. Goddard, Pliny


1907 Assimilation to environment as illus¬ trated by Athapascan peoples. ICA-P 15th sess., Quebec, 1906, 1: 337-59.

1940b New light on Navaho origins. New York Academy of Sciences, Transactions, May, 1940, Section II, vol. 2, no. 7, pp. 182-8.

Particularly pp. 346-52 for disagreement with Hodge on pre-history of Navaho.

Summary of results of excavation of Navaho sites in Guadalupe Canyon.

Haile, Berard

1917 The meaning of “Tusayan,” a note on Navaho migrations and Pueblo names. AA 19: 151.

Kidder, Alfred

P. 1940 Southern peripheral Athapaskawan origins, divisions, and migrations. In

Harrington, John



1913 Some undescribed ruins of the historic period from the upper San Juan, New Mexico. American Journal of Archaeol¬ ogy, ser. 2, 17: 89-90. Abstract of Kidder, 1920.



1920 Ruins of the historic period in the upper San Juan Valley, New Mexico. AA 22: 322-9. Structures resembling Navaho hogans in Gobernador and Largo Canyons associated with Pueblo¬ like painted pottery. Kidder connects with Pueblo people taking refuge with Navaho after 1680.

1935 The Navajo in the light of archaeol¬ ogy. Unpublished paper read at meeting of the American Anthropological Asso¬ ciation, Andover, Mass. Malcom, Roy

*1939 Archaeological remains, putadvely Navaho, in Chaco Canyon, New Mexico. AAn 5: 4-20. Houses, pottery, burial, textiles and other ob¬ jects described; summarizes published material on Navaho archaeology to date.

H. P. 1935 Ceramic clues to the prehistory of north central New Mexico. LATS-B 8.

pp. 25-6 Statements of a Navaho informant on Navaho contacts with the ancient Pueblo inhabi¬ tants of Chaco Canyon.

H. H. 1927 The ceramic sequence in the Chaco Canyon, New Mexico, and its relation to cultures of the San Juan Basin. Doctoral thesis, Harvard University. MS.

Roberts, Frank

p. 229 “From one of the kivas in Pueblo Bonito came the fragments of three vessels which are dis¬ tinctly non-Puebloan. They are quite suggestive of old Navajo vessels but unquestionably are Paiute.” Sapir, Edward

*1936 Internal linguisdc evidence . . . See IV-C-i. Senter, Donovan, and Hawley, Florence

1937 Hopi and Navajo child burials. AA 39= I3I-4-


pp. 10, 34-5 Navaho.

Swanton, John R., and Dixon, Roland B.

1914 Primidve American history. AA 16: 376-412.

Pottery resembling that of the

1938c Some aspects of the Largo Cultural Phase, northern New Mexico. AAn 3:

pp. 400-1 Compares Hodge and Goddard on history of Navaho and Apache (see above). United States, Bureau of American



Statement of problems (especially as regards pottery) in Navaho-Pueblo-Woodland archaeology.

1928 Report of the Chief. Notice of visit of B. S. Guha among Navaho . . . See U. S., BAE in IV-D-4.

Mindeleff, Cosmos

1897 The cliff ruins of Canyon de Chelly, Arizona. BAE-AR 1894-5, *6: 73-198. pp. 79, 84, 87-9, 96-7, 104, 109-10, 115-7, 130, 132, 134, 138-9, 142, 148, 150, 152, 154, 157-8, 167-70, 191, 197-8 Grain and burial cists; cliff ruins used by Navaho; ruins that may be recent rectangular houses of Navaho.

F. 1934-9 Unpublished field notes on Navaho archaeology, 1934-9. Ft. Defiance, Ari¬ zona. MS.

Van Valkenburgh, Richard

Deals largely with sites (including “tower” sites) of the Canyon Largo-Huerfano region.

1938c A short history of people. See II-B.

A. G. 1906-10 The Great Dene Race. See IV-D-i.




Wetherill, John Ostermann, Leopold

1934a The Navajo story of Keet Zeel and Betatakin. SWM-MR Supplement, May, pp. F-G.

1917a Origin, characteristics, and costume of the Navajo Indian. See IV-D-i. H. 1920 Pueblo Bonito. AMNH-AP 27.

Pepper, George

For Navaho petroglyphs and pictographs see IV-D-7.



Physical Anthropology

B. Physical Anthropology (including articles on medical work and on population) Allen, Fred W., and Schaeffer, Waldemar

1935 The groups Indians 4, no. 2

L. 1930 The Navaho population problem. ICA-P 23rd sess., New York, 1928: 62032. Also published in Stone and Webster Journal, 1929, 44: 650-72.

Hoffman, Frederick

distribution of the human blood among the Navajo and Pueblo of the Southwest. UNMB-BS vol. (whole no. 267).

Historical and present day problems.

Series of 622 Navaho and Apache. Blackwood, Beatrice

W. H. 1921 On the race history and facial char¬ acteristics of the aboriginal Americans. SI-AR 1919: 427-32.


1930 Racial difference in skin-colour as recorded by the colour top. JRAI 60: 137-

68. pp. 152-3, 162-4, 166 Mention of Navaho.

p. 430 and PI. 7 Physical type.

Boas, Franz

Hrdlicka, Ales

1895 Zur Anthropologie der nordamerikanischen Indianer. ZE 27: 366-411.

*1900 Physical and physiological observa¬ tions on the Navaho. AA 2: 339-45.

pp. 368-9, 373-5, 390, 394-7, 402 Stature and cephalic index.

*1908 Physiological and medical observa¬ tions among the Indians of southwestern United States and northern Mexico. BAE-B 34.

D. G. 1901 The American race. Philadelphia.


p. 247 Observations (communicated by W. Matthews) on length of little finger among Navaho.

L. H. Dudley n.d. Growth of Navaho children. MS. One copy in the possession of C. Kluckhohn.


pp. 6, 8-9, 38 Population. pp. 58, 79-83, 132-7. I39-4I, i54, 156, 164 Childbirth; head deformation; stature; pulse, respiration, etc.; hair; obesity. pp. 179-80, 192, 198, 200-2, 205-6, 208, 211, 216, 229, 230, 238-40, 350-1, App. p. 406 Disease, medicines; physical abnormalities; insanity.

1909 On the stature of the Indians of the Southwest and of northern Mexico. PAV; 405-26.

Cummins, Harold, and Steggerda, Morris

1936 Plantar dermatoglyphics in Maya In¬ dians. Maya Research 3: 277-86. p. 285 Mentions that article makes use of un¬ published study including 95 Navaho made by Dr. S. B. D'Aberle.

B. 1915 In Indian population in the U. S. and Alaska, 1910. See U. S., Bureau of the Census, 1915.

pp. 410, 426 Same data on stature as in Hrd¬ licka, *1908, where given in more detail.

1931 Catalogue of human crania in the United States National Museum collec¬ tions, Pueblos, Southern Utah Basket Makers, Navaho. USNM-P, vol. 78, art. 2, no. 2845, PP- i-95-

Dixon, Roland

R. 1933 The incidence of color blindness among races. S 77: 333-4.

Garth, Thomas

pp. 3, 84-7, 90, 95 Observations on Navaho crania.

F. C. ten 1884 Sur quelques cranes de l’Arizona et du Nouveaux Mexique. Revue d’Anthropologie 13: 486-92.

Kate, Herman

991 Navaho included in test.

1936 Color blindness and race. Zeitschrift fur Rassenkunde 4: 33-6. Same data as in Garth, 1933, with slightly dif¬ ferent treatment.

J. C. 1933 Diseases among the Indians. South¬ western Medicine 7, April: 126.

Series includes two Navaho crania. Kluckhohn, Clyde

n.d. Anthropometry of Navaho and Pueblo Indian females. MS based on data col¬ lected by Beatrice Blackwood.


Wassermann tests on 427 Navaho children.

136 adult Navaho women; 138 adolescent Nav¬ aho girls.

[31 ]

IV. Anthropological

1891a Head-flattening as seen among the Navajo Indians. Popular Science Monthly 39: 535-9-

Krzywicki, Ludwik

1934 Primitive society and its vital statistics. London. pp. 492-3 Summary of Navaho population esti¬ mates in literature.

(H. Claiborne) 1939b Midwives and childbirth among the Navajo. Plateau (a quarterly continuing the MNA-MN) 12: 15-7.

The deformation is not due to strapping of the head nor to intentional application of pressure to the child’s occiput; illus.

Lockett, Clay

E. Corey 1907 Observations, medical and general, on the Northern Navajo. AA 9: 583.


Notice of paper given April 16, 1907, before the Anthropological Society of Washington.

Malcom, Roy

*1939 Archaeological remains, putatively Navaho . . . See IV-A.

Steggerda, Morris

1937 Testing for the threshold of taste with PTC. journal of Heredity 28: 309-10.

Footnote 28 gives some measurements and ob¬ servations on a Navaho skeleton by Donovan Senter.

58 Navaho among subjects tested.

n.d. A height-weight-age table for Navahos 6 to 18 years . . . Carnegie Institution of Washington, Department of Genetics. 1 p.

J. A. 1906 Navajo surgery. L. A. Journal of Eclectic Medicine, Jan., p. 10.


Not examined.

and Hill, Thomas J. 1936 Incidence of dental caries among Maya and Navajo Indians. Journal of Dental Research 15: 233-42.

Steggerda, Morris,

R. H. 1929 Venereal disease among the Navahos. Southwestern Medicine 13: 503-5.


B. 1921 The influenza and the Navajo. Indiana Academy of Science, Proceedings for 1919: 243-7.

Reagan, Albert

Low incidence of caries among Navaho and Maya. Steggerda, Morris, et al.

1932- 8 Reports of progress of research. In Reports of the Department of Genetics, Carnegie Institution, Year Book, nos. 327, 1932-8.

C. G. 1932 Medical work in Navajoland. Ameri¬ can Journal of Nursing 32: 415-6.


I932_3> no- 32> P- 54 Group of Navaho in comparative racial studies. 1933- 4, no. 33, pp. 57, 59 Group of Navaho ift growth and dental studies. 1934- 5, no. 34, pp. 55-6, 71 Group of Nav¬ aho in growth study; samples of Navaho food. r935-6, no. 35, pp. 67-9 (Steggerda, M. and Cranston, Harriet) Navaho in compara¬ tive racial studies, dental caries, nutrition, psychological tests. j936-7> no. 36, pp. 73-5 Group of Navaho in studies of dental caries, psychological tests. i937-8, no. 37, pp. 66-72 (Steggerda, M. and Grant, Mary E.) Navaho in growth studies, psychological tests.

Not examined.

C. C. n.d. Navaho anthropometry. Field notes. MS.


Measurements on about 1000 adult male Nav¬ aho from various localities.

W. 1886a A Navajo skull. JAP 20: 426-9.

Shufeldt, Robert

This is the same skull commented on by Turner, 1886.

1886b A skull of a Navajo child. JAP 21: 66-71. 1888 Comparative data from 2000 Indian crania in the United States Army Medical Museum. JAP 22: 191-214. pp. 191-2, 196, 204 Observations on 4 female and 8 male Navaho crania; reference to child’s skull described in Shufeldt, 1886b.

J. G. 1938 Disease and the Indian. Scientific Monthly 47, Dec.: 479-95.



C. Linguistics—i. General pp. 489, 492 Trachoma and low incidence of dental caries among Navaho.

Navajo District of the Soil Conservation Service in Gallup, New Mexico (not ex¬ amined) :

Turner, William

Navajo population increase. Population distribution by age grouping.

1886 Additional note on the Navajo Indian skull. JAP 20: 430-1. See Shufeldt, 1886a.

L. 1939 Indian hospital. Hygeia, Dec. Re¬ printed in part in IW 7, no. 5, Jan.: 42-4, under title, An outsider takes a look at the Navajo medical service.

Watson, Editha

United States, Bureau of the Census

1894 Report on Indians taxed and Indians not taxed in the U. S. (except Alaska) at the nth census, 1890. Washington. pp. 13, 19, 36, 39, 70, 72, 82-3, 92, 98-105, 110-21, 133, 154-9, 396-8, 650 Economic condi¬ tion; population; reservation; subsistence and cus¬ toms; depredations; illus.

1915 Indian population in the U. S. and Alaska, 1910. Washington. pp. 9-160 Items for Navaho in text and tables of Indian population by stock and tribe, blood, sex, age, and fecundity and vitality; p. 78 Loca¬ tion and population. By Roland B. Dixon. Also pp. 160 ff. Items for Navaho in text and tables of marital condition, school attendance, illiteracy, inability to speak English, occupations.

W. J. H. 1855-6 Medical topography . . . See V-B-i, 34th Cong., 1 sess.


Wissler, Clark

1931 Observations on the face and teeth of the North American Indians. AMNH-AP

33. Pt. 1. pp. 7-8, 11-2, 15, 18-9, 23, 29-33 Physical an¬ thropology of Navaho.

and Woodbury, Edna T. 1932 Differences between certain of the North American Indian tribes as shown by a microscopical study of their head hair. State Historical Society of Colorado, State Museum, Denver.

Woodbury, George,

1937 I5t^ Census of the U. S., 1930, the Indian population of the U. S. and Alaska. Washington. pp. 40, 58, 72-3, 89, 100, 123, 126, 128, 136, 140, 142, 144, 146-7, 150, 152, 157-8, 161 Items in tables of population, blood mixture, age, mar¬ ital condition; school attendance, illiteracy, in¬ ability to speak English.

pp. 14, 18-9, 21, 27-8, 30-1, 33 from group of 20 Navaho.



1931 Navajos seem immune to cancer, hos¬ pital reports. Hygeia 9: 684.

United States, Department of Agriculture, Soil Conservation Service

The following MSS in the office of the

Not examined.

C. Linguistics 1.


*1912 A vocabulary of the Navaho lan¬ guage. 2 vols. St. Michaels, Arizona. Re¬ viewed by John P. Harrington, CAL, 1913, 2: 76-81.

Black, Alexander

n.d. Morphology of the Navaho language. 100 p. MS in possession of author, Blackrock Trading Post, Ft. Defiance, Arizona. Contains useful material on Navaho structure not elsewhere available.


E. 1928 Similarities and diversities within Athapascan linguistic stocks. ICA-P 22nd sess., Rome, 1926, 2: 489-94.

Goddard, Pliny

Franciscan Fathers

** 1910a An ethnologic dictionary of the Navaho language. See IV-D-i. 1910b A Navaho-English catechism of Christian doctrine for the use of Navaho children. 125 p. St. Michaels, Arizona.


p. 491 Two examples of Navaho phonetics.

1933 Navajo texts. AMNH-AP 34, Pt. x: 1-179. Posthumous work edited by G. A. Reichard. Orthography not that of Sapir phonemic system.



Haile, Berard

*1926 A manual of Navaho grammar. 324 p. St. Michaels, Arizona. Reviewed by E. Sapir, American Journal of Sociology, 1926, 32: 511. Does not agree with many of Sapir’s latest systematizations (particularly of verbal structure) but still most useful.

Li, Fang Kuei 1930a Mattole, an Athabaskan language. University of Chicago Publications in Anthropology, Linguistic Series. Chicago. Comparisons with Navaho using unpublished material of Sapir.

1930b A study of Sarcee verb-stems. Inter¬ national Journal of Linguistics 6: 3-27.

1928 Navaho verbal stems. ICA-A 23rd sess.. New York, 1928, no. 28 (p. 21).

Comparisons with Navaho using Sapir’s data as in preceding.

1937a A catechism and guide, NavahoEnglish. 176 p. St. Michaels, Arizona.


F. G. 1910 Dine bizad, a handbook for beginners in the study of the Navaho language. Los Angeles. 127 p. (Reprinted, Gallup, 1932.)

Phonemic recording in Sapir system.

* 1938a Origin legend of the Navaho Enemy Way, text and translation. YUPA 17. 320 p. Reviewed by G. A. Reichard, AA, 1939, 41: 141-3The most extensive published Navaho text, scrupulously recorded with a wealth of linguistic commentary.

1938c The Sunday Gospels, Navaho-English. St. Michaels, Arizona. P. 1911 A key to the Navaho orthography employed by the Franciscan Fathers. AA 13: 164-6.

Not acceptable from the standpoint of linguistic science, but quite useful practically to the ethnol¬ ogist wishing to learn to communicate in Navaho.

A. G. 1907 The unity of speech among the north¬ ern and the southern Dene. AA 9: 720-37.


pp. 723-5, 727-30 Comparisons with Navaho roots as recorded by Matthews; vocabulary for comparison.

Harrington, John

Ostermann, Leopold

1905a Notes on the Navajo language. MSS. St. Michaels, Arizona. Ref. from Alliott, p. 170.

n.d. Field notes on Navaho linguistics, especially place names and ethno-zoology. On deposit at the Bureau of American Ethnology, Washington.

Not examined.

1907 The Navajo noun. ICA-P 15th sess., Quebec, 1906, 2: 243-54. Rf.ichard, Gladys, and Bitanny, Adolph

Hoijer, Harry

1940 Agentive and causative elements in Navajo. MS. 27 p.

*1938 The Southern Athapascan languages. A A 40: 75-87. Linguistic classification, relationship of Atha¬ bascan languages; Navaho forms taken from Sapir’s unpublished lists.

(1941) Navaho texts collected by Edward Sapir. Supplementary texts collected by Harry Hoijer. To be published for Yale University by the Linguistic Society of America in the William Dwight Whitney Linguistic Series. Ca. 350 p.

(Reichard and Bitanny have also nearly com¬ pleted a first draft of a complete Navaho grammar.) Sapir, Edward

1915 The Na-Dene languages, a inary report. AA 17: 534-58.


Deals almost entirely with Northern bascan, few examples from Navaho.

Kirchhoff, Paul

1934 Versuch einer Gliederung der Sudgruppe des Athapaskischen. 1CA-P 24th sess., Hamburg, 1930: 258-63. Classification of Southern Athapascan languages including Navaho (author worked with Navaho under Sapir, 1929).



1921-3 A type of Athabaskan relative. Inter¬ national Journal of American Linguistics 3: 136-42. Comparisons with Navaho forms.

1929 A linguistic trip among the Navaho Indians. The Gallup Independent, vol. 40, no. 34, Aug. 23 (Gallup, New Mex¬ ico). 1932 Two Navaho puns. Language 8: 217-9.


Linguistics—2. Vocabularies

1935a Event classifications in Navaho, a study in linguistic psychology. S Si: 425. Abstract of paper presented at Washing¬ ton meeting of the National Academy of Sciences. April, 1935.

Grammatical and phrases.

1935 The Navajo language and the school for interpreters. 1W 2, no. 11, Jan. 15: 28. 1937 Navajo words. IW 4, no. 10, Jan. 1: 47.


1939 Navaho-English bilingual readers. Publications of the Education Division, U. S. Office of Indian Affairs. (See Clark and Enochs, VI-C.)




All printed Navaho.

n.d. Navaho texts (including a complete text of the Night Way Chant, Gesture Dance, etc) MS. Now in possession of Dr. Harry Hoijer, Dept, of Anthro¬ pology, University of Chicago. See Hoijer,


1887 Report of the Director. BAE-AR 1883-4, 5. pp. xxx-xxxi Notice of field work of W. Mat¬ thews in progress, includes collection of material for Navaho grammar and dictionary.

double column, English


1940b Posters and primers implement de¬ velopment of a new American language. IW 7, no. 9, May: 29-31. For general discussions of Navaho linguistic relations and grammar published prior to 1892 see under the following names in Pilling: Adelung and Vater, H. H. Ban¬ croft, J. C. E. Buschmann, W. Matthews, A. Featherman, F. Muller, and E. F. Wilson. For names applied to the Navaho by other tribes see Hodge, Handbook of American Indians (see I), part 2, p. 45.

F„ Rev. 1890 The Navajo Indians. OFC 3: 115-7.

Wilson, Edward



1940a Simple readers on Indian life now being published in Navajo and English. IW 7, no. 7, March: 15-17.

(i94i)United States, Bureau of American


Navaho Genesis and Mark.

1938 Globalized continuants in Navaho, Nootka and Kwakiutl. Language 14: of


1910 Mozes bi naltsos alsedihigi Godesziz holyehigi inda vistainilli ba Hani Mark naltsos ye yiki-iscinigi. American Bible Society, New York.

*1936 Internal linguistic evidence suggestive of the northern origin of the Navaho. AA 38: -24-35.

Outstanding example linguistic analysis.

vocabulary of


1935b A Navaho sand-painting blanket. See IV-D-4.

Brilliant reconstruction documented with mass of phonetic and morphological detail.



MSS in the Bureau of American Ethnology'. (Tribal name and number give designation in BAE files.) Not examined. W. F. M. 1874 Vocabulary. 9 p. Navaho 95. (Prob¬ ably same as MS listed in Pilling, p. 4.) Also Trumbull, J. H., Correspondence relative to vocabulary in Navaho 95. 2 p. Navaho 96.


Navaho vocabularies, and notes. Caddo 1214.

Eaton, J. H. n.d. Vocabulary. 7 p. Navaho 145. Same as in Eaton, 1853, see II-A. Gatschet, Albert S. n.d. Apache (Chiricahua) and Navaho terms, phrases and sentences. 13 p. Apache 186.

H. B. 1865b Vocabulary, up. Navaho 97.

Hough, Walter

J. O., Matthews, W., and W. J. n.d. Caddo, Wichita, Iowa, Comanche and

Reams, Thomas


10 p.

1900 Vocabulary. 3 p. Navaho 1749.




n.d. Navaho and Hopi vocabularies. 3 p. Navaho 175.

IV. Klett, Francis, Loew,




H. C.,

and Hoffman

n.d. Comparative vocabulary of the fol¬ lowing: Acoma, Isleta, Hopi, Paiute, Shoshone, Osage, Navaho, Digger, TontoApache. 119 p. Bound volume, Acoma 1870. Mooney, James

1892 Vocabulary from unrevised notes. 5 p. Navaho 146. A. Sidney 1866-8 Vocabulary. 18 p. Navaho 106. (Probably same as MS listed in Pilling,


Whipple, Amiel W.

n.d. Vocabularies. 6 and 10 p. Navaho 101 and 109. D. 1868? Vocabulary. 3 p. Navaho 100. (Prob¬ ably same as MS listed in Pilling, p. 108.)

Whipple, William

N. 1869 Vocabularies and correspondence. 10 and 3 p. Navaho 99 and 1609. (MS listed in Pilling, p. 109, is probably one of these.)

Willard, Celeste


n.d. Vocabulary. 9 p. Navaho 98.

P- 75-) Powell, John W. n.d. Vocabulary and notes. 8 p. Navaho 1445. n.d. Vocabulary. 19 p. Navaho 1499. Shaw, J. M. n.d. Vocabulary. 25 p. Navaho 105. (Prob¬ ably same as MS listed in Pilling, p. 94.)

H. 1852 Vocabulary. 3 p. Navaho 104. (See also V-B-i, 31st Cong., 1 sess., S.E.D. 64.)

Simpson, James

Thompson, Ai.mon H. n.d. Vocabularies. 10 and 8 p. Navaho 102 and 103. Turner, William W.

n.d. Comparative vocabulary of the Apache, Takulli, Tlatskanai, Umpqua, Navaho, Hupa. 22 p. Apache 136. (Probably same as MS listed in Pilling, p. 102.)

For other vocabularies, numerals, proper names, and lists of words published or known in MS prior to 1892 see under the following authors in Pilling: W. F. M. Arny, H. H. Bancroft, A. Barreiro, J. H. Beadle, J. C. E. Buschmann, G. Catlin, F. H. Cushing, L. K. Daa, W. W. H. Davis, E. H. D. Domenech, J. H. Eaton, R. Ellis, A. S. Gatschet, E. M. Haines, R. G. Latham, O. Loew, W. Matthews, A. S. Nichols, E. F. S. Petitot, P. B. Pino, J. W. Powell, H. R. Schoolcraft, J. M. Shaw, J. H. Simp¬ son, A. H. Thompson, W. F. Tolmie and G. M. Dawson, W. Turner, A. W. Whipple, W. D. Whipple, C. N. Willard, E. F. Wil¬ son. Some of these entries are probably duplicated in the list of MSS above. For vocabularies see also Franciscan Fathers, ••1910a, *1912, and Mitchell in IV-C-i.

D. Ethnology 1.


Blackwood, Beatrice

1927 An anthropologist among the Navaho. NH 27: 223-8. Illus. General detail.


popular but good


G. 1895 The early Navajo and Apache. -AA, o.s., 8: 287-94.

To be mimeographed by Navajo Service, Window Rock, Arizona. S. 1907-8 The North American Indian. Vol. 1. Seattle, Washington.

Curtis, Edward

Bourke, John

Criticism of Hodge, *1895. Carr, Malcolm

(1940) A brief introduction to Navajo life.


pp. 73-125, 136-44 Home life, arts, beliefs, history, mythology, ceremonies, comparative vo¬ cabulary; illus. Popular and loose in some respects but has original and valuable material also.

Also folder of large plates supplementary to vol. 1, containing 15 plates on Navaho.


Ethnology—i. General

A. 1903 Indians of the Southwest. Published by the Santa Fe Railway.

Dorsey, George

Lipps, Oscar

1909 The 136 p.

pp. 165-76 Popular and derivative digest.

H. . . Navajos.




Sound at a very general level.

Featherman, Americus

Luomala, Katharine

1889 Social history of the races of mankind. Vol. 4 of series (Third Division, AoneoMaranonians). London.

1938 Navaho life of yesterday and today. U. S., Department of the Interior, Na¬ tional Park Service. Berkeley, Calif. 115P. Mimeographed. Reviewed by C. Kluckhohn, AA, 1939, 41; 310-3.

pp. 193-201 General account, includes version of origin myth. Franciscan Fathers

C. 1938 Zwei gegensatzliche Indianer-Stamme in Arizona. Natur und Volk 68: 535-44.

McGregor, John

** 1910a An ethnologic dictionary of the Navaho language. 536 p. St. Michaels, Arizona. Reviewed by P. E. Goddard, AA, 1910, 12: 311-5. Most valuable general collection of material on Navaho to date.

PP- 539*44 General description of Navaho. Matthews, Washington

•1910a Navaho. In Hodge, Handbook of American Indians (see I), part 2, pp. 40-5.

Goodwin, Grenville

n.d. MSS and other unpublished material in possession of the Department of Anthropology, University of California, Berkeley.

1938 The Southern Athapascans. K 4, no. 2: 5-10. Includes Navaho; economic life, material cul¬ ture, social organization, religion and ritual.

W. *1895 The early Navaho and Apache. AA, o.s., 8: 223-40.

Hodge, Frederick

Examined by W. W. Hill who reports little new of value.

A. G. 1906-10 The great Dene race. Anthropos, 1906, 1: 229-77, 483*5°9> 695-730; 1907* 2: 1-34, 181-96; 1909, 4: 582-606; 1910, 5:


Historical reconstruction based on correlation of mythology with documentary history. An article of fundamental importance.

Substantially the same conclusions were published in Report of the Director, BAE-AR 1894-5, 16, P- xlviii. Hodge’s reply to Bourke’s criticism (see above) of this article, A A, o.s., 1895, 8: 294-5. Hrdlicka, Ales

*1908 Physiological and medical observa¬ tions ... See IV-B. pp. 14, 16-8, 20, 23, 27, 33, 42, 48-9, 52, 74, 165-6, 169, 171, 225 Various mention.

A., and Douglas, Frederic H. 1931 The Navaho Indians. DAMDIA-L 21. 3 p. Illus.

Jeancon, Jean

113-42, 419-43, 643-53, 969-90Vol. 1, pp. 235, 237, 483-93, 497-501, 508, 701-30 passim. Speculation on migrations; loca¬ tion; population, physical type; scattered mention. Vol. 2, pp. 2, 15, 24, 189, 195-6; vol. 4, pp. 582, 587-9, 597, 606 Food restrictions; economic condition; houses. Vol. 5, pp. 133-4, 425-6, 986-7 Ichthyophobia; occupations; marriage. From Matthews and Stephen. OSTERMANN, LEOPOLD

1908a The Navajo Indians of New Mexico and Arizona. Anthropos 3: 859-69. Illus. Somewhat diffusely written but much useful material gathered by Franciscan missionaries to the Navaho.

1917a Origin, characteristics and costume of the Navajo Indians. FMS no. 5: 1-11.

La Farce, Oliver

1925-8 Derivation of Apache and Navaho culture. 70 p. MS compiled 1925-8, in possession of author, 1000 Madison Ave., New York City.

Little which is not in Ostermann, 1908a. Palmer, Edward

Not examined. Letherman, Jonathan

1856 Sketch of the Navajo tribe... See II-A.


1869 Notes on the Navajo Indians of New Mexico made in 1869. 100 p. MS in the Library of the Peabody Museum of Har¬ vard University.



Useful observations on costume, material cul¬ ture, work habits, etc.

Sapir, Edward

n.d. Copious unpublished notes and MSS on topics both linguistic and ethnological, including an annotated text of Night Way and of the Gesture Dance. Now in possession of Dr. Harry Hoijer, Univer¬ sity of Chicago.

L. 1936 The configuration pattern of Navajo culture. EP 41: 19-24.

Palmer, Frank

Pepper, George H.

1900 The Navaho Indians, an ethnological study. SW 29: 639-44. Popular in tone and inaccurate in detail.

Not examined.

M. *1893 The Navajo. AA, o.s., 6: 345-62.

Stephen, Alexander

1902a The Navajo Indians. P 1, no. 1: 3-9. Repeats much of Pepper, 1900. Pospisil, Frantisf.k

1932 Etnologicke materialie z jihozapadu U. S. A. (Antropo-geograficke hohnoceni studijni cesty k SW-Indianum na podklade pfiro dove deckem). Brno. Illus.

Observations on dwellings, dress, mode of life, marriage, taboos, notions and treatment of disease, sweat house. One of the first general accounts by a careful observer.

n.d. Unpublished notebooks in possession of Dr. Elsie C. Parsons. Much of the Navaho material has been published in Stephen, 1930 (see IV-D-4), and in Stephen, 1936 (see IV-D-7).

Contains general account of Navaho culture, based, in part, on direct observation.

W. n.d. Legends, customs, superstitions, etc. 79

Powell, John

p. MS in Bureau of American Ethnology, Navaho 3247. Not examined.

Not examined. For other data on material culture (particularly costume) see various papers in II-A (especially Thompson, 1890?) and II-B (especially Hill, 1940).

2. Material Culture, Economy, and Technology a. BLANKETS AND WEAVING Cole, Ellis P.

Amsden, Charles A.

*1934 Navaho weaving, its technic and history. Foreword by F. W. Hodge. Santa Ana, California. 261 p. Illus. Re¬ viewed by L. M. O’Neale, AA, 1934, 36: 611-2. Emphasis historical whereas that of Reichard, •1936a, is on technology and attitudes of weavers. These two key works thus supplement each other.

In the following articles by Amsden there is nothing which is not covered in Ams¬ den, *1934: 1932a How old is Navaho weaving?, M 6: 65; 1932b The loom and its prototypes, AA 34: 216-35; 1932c Re¬ viving the Navaho blanket, M 6: 137-49; 1935a The Navajo rug—past and future, IW 2, no. 11, Jan. 15: 29-33.

1937 Navajo weaving with two- or fourharness looms. The Weaver (Concord, New Hampshire) 2, no. 4: 11-13. Illus. Goddard, Pliny E.

1910 Navajo blankets. American Museum Journal 10: 201-11. Illus. U. S. 1903 The Navajo and his blanket. Denver. 144 p. Illus. Reviewed by F. W. Hodge, AA, 1904, 6: 541-5.


W. 1914 Indian blankets and Chicago. 213 p. Illus.

James, George


A., and Douglas, Frederic H. 1930 Navaho spinning, dyeing and weav¬ ing. DAMDIA-L 3. 4 p. Illus.

Jeancon, Jean

Bryan, Nonarah, and Young, Stella

1935 Native Navajo colored yarns. Navajo Life Bulletin, no. 2. Fort Wingate, New Mexico. Mimeographed.


Matthews, Washington

One edition has samples of colored yarns affixed to text.


1884a Navajo weavers. BAE-AR 1881-2, 3: 371-91. Illus. See also Matthews, 1893a (IV-D-2d).

D. Ethnology—2. Material Culture 1900 A two-faced Navajo blanket. A A 2: 638-42.

A. •1936a Navajo shepherd and weaver. New York. 222 p. Illus. Reviewed by C. A. Amsden, AA, 1938, 40: 724-5.

Reichard, Gladys

Mera, H. P.

1938a The so-called “chief blanket.” LAGSB 2. 6 p. Illus. 1938b Navajo blankets of the “classic” period. LAGS-B 3. 4 p. Illus. 1938c The “Slave Blanket.” LAGS-B 5. 5 p. Illus.


Pepper, George H.

1902b The making of a Navaho Blanket. Everybody’s Magazine 6: 33-43. German translation—Die Decl^enweberei der Navajo-Indianer, in Globus 82, Sept. 4: 133-40, illus. 1923 Navaho weaving. MS cited in bibliog¬ raphy of Amsden, *1934.


1892 The Navajo belt-weaver. USNM-P for 1891, 14: 391-3. Illus. Spiegelberg, A. F.

1904 Navajo blankets. OW 20: 447-9. Re¬ printed in EP, 1925, 18: 223-9. 1915 The Navajo blanket. OSF 2: 323-7. Much the same material as in Spiegelberg, 1904. United States, Bureau of American

1940b Serrate designs in Navajo blanketry. LAGS-B 11. Illus. These articles by Mera contain much new and valuable information not covered in Amsden and Reichard.


Shufeldt, Robert W.

1939b Wedge-weave blankets. LAGS-B 9. 13 p. Illus. 1940a Navaho rugs of the Crystal and Two Gray Hills type. LAGS-B 10. 13 p. Illus.


Very little which is not in Reichard, ‘1936a.

I938d Pictorial blankets. LAGS-B 6. 4 p. Illus. 1939a Banded-background blankets. LAGSB 7. 13 p. Illus.


*1934). 1936b Color in Navajo weaving. AHR 7: 19-30.


1916 Report of the Chief. BAE-AR 1907-8, 29: 11. Notice that Mrs. M. C. Stevenson is preparing report on Pueblo and Navaho preparation of wool for weaving. Whittemore, Mary

(1941) Participation in Navaho weaving. MS. Data from Chaco Canyon region. Copies in possession of author and of C. Kluckhohn. To be published Jan., 1941, in Plateau (a quarterly continuing MNA-N). Wyman, Leland C., and Amsden, Charles A.

1934 A patchwork cloak. M 8: 133-7. Ulus. Peters, J. Henry

1850 Dyeing, spinning, and weaving . . . See II-A.


See also Arts and Crafts VI-A-2. For articles on dyes alone see IV-D-2d.


Adair, John

Blake, W. P.

(1940) Silversmiths of the Southwest. To be published in 1940 by J. J. Augustin, New York.

1858 The Chalchihuitl of the ancient Mex¬ icans: its locality and association, and its identity with Turquois. American Journal of Science and Arts, 2nd ser., 25, no. 74, March: 227-32.

Mainly on Navaho silver; historical emphasis

but good data on participation, social side, etc.; will probably be definitive work. Many plates. Bedinger, Margery

1936 Navajo Indian silver-work. Introduc¬ tion by W. C. Orchard. Denver. 43 p. Illus. Old West series of pamphlets, no. 8.

p. 227 Navaho wear trinkets of hard green stone which they call Calchihuitl (pronounced chal-che-we-te by the Indians and char-che-we-te by some Mexicans) and which the Indians procure from Los Cerrillos, southeast of Santa Fe. Ref. from Pogue, 1912.

[ 39]



A L, and K M«r>, C. C (/;//* Arts and /raff? of New Mexico. A survey of the prc-.'-nt slate of handicrafts in New M/-ZI"/ Study made under the altspur~ of the Federal Emergency P'lirf Administration an/l the National Youtli Administration, MS, Mainly an rmnomif survey; important /lata, f , 38, 41-2 Navaho ceremonial circuit; examples from Matthews.

E. 1917 Navaho. In J. Hastings, ed., Encyclo¬ paedia of Religion and Ethics, New York, vol. 9; pp. 254-6.

Goddard, Pliny

Summary of mythology, ceremonies, objects of worship.

1933 Navajo texts. See IV-C-i.

Boas, Franz

1897 Northern elements in the mythology of the Navaho. AA, o.s., 10: 371-6.

Goodwin, Grenville

Very suggestive and useful.

A. W. 1892-3 Points of contact between Old World



1940 A comparison of Navajo and White Mountain Apache ceremonial forms and categories. MS. Paper read at the meetings of the Southwestern Section, American



Chiricahua Windway ceremony. Package 2, Folders A-D.

Association for the Advancement of Science, Tucson, Arizona, April 22, 1940.

K. 1916 The idea of fertilization in the culture of the Pueblo Indians. AAA-M vol. 3, no. r: 1-55.

Haeberlin, Herman

Clearer and more complete account than in Package 2 (above); includes legend and ritual details of a curing ceremony.

Creation of game. 231 p. Package 5, Folders A-C. Two myths telling of the creation of game.

pp. 9-45 passim. Comparison of Navaho and Pueblo ceremonialism. Haile, Berard

*1935 Religious concepts of the Navajo Indians. 10th Annual Meeting of the American Catholic Philosophical Associa¬ tion, Proceedings, Catholic University of America, Washington, D. C., pp. 84-98. 1937b Some cultural aspects of the Navajo hogan. 9 p. Mimeographed. Prayers, songs, ritual observances, those connected with Blessing Way.


* 1938a Origin legend of the Navaho Enemy Way. See IV-C-i. 1938b Navaho chantways and ceremonials. A A 40: 639-52. 1940 A note on the Navaho visionary. AA 42:359n.d. Navaho text of the Shooting Chant. Recorded by Father Berard Haile from Blue Eyes of Lukachukai and retranslated by G. A. Reichard. MS. Partially pub¬ lished in Newcomb and Reichard, *1937. Complete copies in possession of B. Haile and G. Reichard. L. Wyman has the English translation only. The following MSS on file at the Depart¬ ment of Anthropology, University of Chi¬ cago, containing in each case introduction, text, translation and notes.1 Beauty Way ceremony. 147 p. Package 7, Folders A-D. Origin legend of ritual; description of actual ritual is incomplete.

Changing Bear Maiden. 86 p. Package 1, Folder B.


Chiricahua Windway. 425 p. Package 10, Folders A-E.

Guernsey, Samuel J.

1920 Notes on a Navajo war dance. AA 22: 304-7. Illus.


Flint Way ceremony. 762 p. Package 9, Folders A-F. Origin legend and ritual procedures; short dis¬ cussion of Navaho ceremonialism and place of Flint Way in total body of ritual. This is to be published in 1940.

Navaho Windway ceremony. 339 p. Pack¬ age 6, Folders A-F. Origin legend and description of ceremony which omits all but a few songs but contains all the prayers.

Prostituting Way and Moth Way. 226 p. Package 8, Folders A-C. Two separate texts with a single introduction; the first a narrative of legendary times on the origin of love magic, its application, and dangers of its use; the second a curative ritual to remove the evil effects of forbidden social or sexual inter¬ course, in the form of a narrative of legendary times.

Raised by the Owl. 50 p. Package 1, Folder C. Tales in this folder belong to same cycle as those in Package 1, Folder A (below), but have been separated from them by Father Berard be¬ cause they are more obviously didactic.

Short Coyote Folder A.






Water-Way ceremony. 204 p. Package 4, Folders A-D. Minor curing ceremony which has fallen into disuse except for manufacture of prayersticks; origin legend; instructions for ritual procedures incomplete except for making of prayersticks; contains a classification of diseases, instructions concerning use of plants in therapy, and an ex¬ planation of source of spiritual power.

“. . . contains tales of the legendary period into which coyote stories have been introduced . . .”

Where people moved opposite each other. 183 p. Package 3, Folders A-B. A portion of the origin legend.

1 The Department of Anthropology, University of Chicago, kindly supplied information on these




Ethnology—. [.


ceremony of a Navajo medicine man. Action et Pensee, Nov.-Dee., 1932.

Hill, Willard W.

1935a The hand trembling ceremony of the Navaho. EP 38: 65-8.

Not examined.

1936a Navaho rites for dispelling insanity and delirium. EP 41: 71-4. Illus.

1935 The dream in primitive cultures. See IV-D-7.

1939 Stability in culture and pattern. AA 41: 258-60.

Matthews, Washington

1883b A part of the Navajos’ mythology. AAntiq 5: 207-24.

Modifications in ritual and in season of per¬ formance of Night Way Chant.

M. 1931 Masked gods of the Navajo and their occurrence among the Pueblos and Apache. Master’s thesis, University of Chicago. Copy in University of Chicago Library.

Horner, Eva

A., and Douglas, Frederic H. 1932 Indian sand-painting: tribes, technics and uses. DAMDIA-L 43-4.

jEANgoN, Jean

Origin legend and slaying of monsters; same version as in Matthews, 1897a.


A paragraph of this quoted under the title Mount Taylor in AAntiq, 1895, J7: 294. 1884b (Zay Elini.) A night with the Nav¬ ajos. Forest and Stream 23, no. 15: 282-3. Description of ceremony known as “Song of the Corral of Branches,” or “Hoshkawn Dance.”

1885a Mythic dry-paintings of the Navajos. AN 19: 931-9. Illus.

2 p. on Navaho.

Little that is not in Matthews, 1887 and 1902a. Kluckhohn, Clyde

A less complete abstract of this paper was published under the title Mythological dry-painting of the Navajos in the ASWT for 1885, 3: 139-41; another abstract in Philosophical Society of Washington, Bul¬ letin, 1885, 8: 14-16.

1923 The dance of Hasjelti. EP 15: 187-92. Description of a Night Way near Coolidge, N. M.; direct observation adequate but otherwise very crude.

1938a Participation in ceremonials in Navaho community. AA 40: 359-69.


1885b The origin of the Utes, a Navajo myth. AAntiq 7: 271-4.

1938b Navaho women’s knowledge of their song ceremonials. EP 45: 87-92.

1886b Some deities and demons Navajos. AN 20: 841-50.

See also Wyman and Kluckhohn, 1938. 1939a Some personal and social aspects of Navaho ceremonial practice. Harvard Theological Review 32: 57-82.

Largely •1902a.

1939c Notes on prayer ceremonies and prayer ceremonials of the Navaho. 42 p. MS.

1940a An introduction to Navaho chant practice. AAA-M 53. 204 p. Illus.




**18972 and

1887 The Mountain Chant; a Navajo cere¬ mony. BAE-AR 1883-4, 5: 379-467- Illus. The suppressed portion of this report (5 typescript pages) may be obtained from the BAE and copies are in possession of various Navaho specialists.

Data on influence of clan, blood relationship, residence on interrelationships of ceremonial par¬ ticipants and practitioners.

Kluckhohn, Clyde, and Wyman, Leland C.



1888 The prayer of a Navajo shaman. A A, o.s., 1: 149-70. The only published account of a Navaho prayer ceremony.

One page quoted from this was published under the same title in JAFL, 1888, 1: 166-7.

Contains detailed accounts of performances of Navaho Wind Way, Chiricahua Wind Way, Hand Trembling Way; illus.

1889a Noqoilpi, the gambler: myth. JAFL 2: 89-94.

1940b Notes on Eagle Way. MS. 12 p. One sandpainting, brief version of origin legend, notes on excerpt performance.



1892a A study in butts and tips. A A, o.s., 5= 345-50.

S. 1932 A dream interpretation and curing

Lincoln, Jackson

Almost nothing which **18973 and *19022.

[4 7]






1892b The






334-5Uses Navaho examples.

1893b Some sacred objects of the Navajo rites. Archives of the International FolkLore Association, International Folk-Lore Congress of the World’s Columbian Ex¬ position, Chicago, 1893, vol. 1: 227-47. Illus. Largely duplicated in Matthews, *19023.

1894a The basket drum. AA, o.s., 7: 202-8. 1894b Some illustrations of the connection between myth and ceremony. Interna¬ tional Congress of Anthropology, Mem¬ oirs, Chicago, 1894, pp. 246-51. One page quotation from this is published under the title Navajo rite-myths, in JAFL, 1894, 7: 249-50. Uses Navaho examples.

1894c Songs of sequence . . . See IV-D-5. 1896a A vigil of the gods—a Navaho cere¬ mony. AA, o.s., 9: 50-7. Substantially repeated in Matthews, ‘1902a.

** 1897a Navaho legends. American FolkLore Society, Memoirs 5. 299 p. Contains also Fillmore (see IV-D-5). Reviewed by J. Mooney, A A, o.s., 1897, 10: 192-3; also by W. W. Newell in JAFL, 1896, 9: 211-8, and in JAFL, 1897, 10: 162-3; an¬ other review, unsigned, in JRAI, o.s., 1898, 27: 455-6. Some of the songs and prayers are repeated in Matthews, 1920 (see IV-D-5).

Essentially nothing 897a, *19023.





‘1902a The Night Chant, a Navaho cere¬ mony. AMNH-M 6 (whole series vol. 6, Anthropology vol. 5). 332 p. Illus. Re¬ viewed by F. W. Hodge, AA, 1903, 5: 130-2; also by W. W. Newell, JAFL, 1903, 16: 61-4. Some of the songs and prayers are repeated Matthews, 1920 (see IV-D-5). A definitive account except on the linguistic side.

1902b Myths of gestation and parturition. A A 4: 737-42. p. 737 Navaho emergence myth; contains some observations not in Matthews, **18973.

1907 Navaho myths, prayers, and songs with texts and translations. Edited by P. E. Goddard. UC-PAAE 5: 21-63. Does not duplicate other material published by Matthews.

1910b Dry paintings. In Hodge, Handbook of American Indians (see 1), part 1, pp. 403-4Mooney, James

1896 The Ghost-Dance religion. BAE-AR 1892-3, 14, part 2: 641-1136. PP- 705. 785. 809-11, 926, 954, 1043, 1048 Absence of Ghost Dance among Navaho, informa¬ tion from communications from Matthews and Stephen; also various mention. Morgan, William

In the introduction to this work Matthews sug¬ gested formally for the first time that Navaho be spelled with an “h” rather than a “j.”

1931 Navaho treatment of sickness: diag¬ nosticians. A A 33: 390-402.

1897b The study of ceremony. JAFL 10: 259-63.

Errors in details; Wyman, ‘1936b, is more trust¬ worthy but this has good material and interesting interpretations.

p. 260 Brief ref. to a Navaho who had not undergone initiation ceremony.

1898a Serpent worship among the Navajos. LS 9: 228-35. Prohibition against killing snakes; associated with lightning; figure in ceremonies; illus.

1901a Navaho Night Chant. JAFL 14: 12-9. Illus. Almost •1902a.




not in


1901b The treatment of ailing gods. JAFL 14: 20-3. 1901c A Navajo initiation. LS 15: 353-6.

J. 1931 Description of the symbolism of a sandpainting of the sun. In Armer, 1931b, pp. 8-9.

Newcomb, Franc

1938 The Navajo listening rite. EP 45: 46-9. Has data not given by Morgan, 1931, nor by Wyman, ‘1936b.

1939 How the Navajo adopt rites. EP 46: 25-7Good case material.

1940 Origin legend of the Navajo Eagle Chant. JAFL, vol. 53, no. 207.



J., and Reichard, Gladys A. *1937 Sandpaintings of the Navajo Shoot¬ ing Chant. Text by G. A. Reichard. New York. 87 p., 35 plates.

Newcomb, Franc

J., and Wheelwright, C. (1940) Navajo myths and ceremonies of the Blessing Chant. . . See Wheelwright and Newcomb, below.

Ceremonialism Sapir, Edward

1935b A Navaho sand painting AA 37: 609-16. Illus. Interpretations material.

Newcomb, Franc

Obtained from "Chief” Sandoval.

L. 1881 A Navajo myth. ASW-T for 1881, 1: 84-6. Abstract and discussion of a paper read before meeting of Nov. 15, 1881. C. 1916 A Zuni detective. Man 168-70.

Parsons, Elsie

16, no. 99:

Navaho ceremony for “detecting” three methods described.


M. 1922 When John the jeweler was sick. In E. C. Parsons, ed., American Indian Life, New York, pp. 153-6. Told at St. Michaels, Arizona, by one of the Fran¬ ciscan Fathers, MS contributed by Stew¬ art Culin.

n.d. Navaho origin legend. MS. of ca. 300 pp.

Packard, Robert


Stephen, Alexander

Nusbaum, Aileen

E. 1933 Pictures in sand. Photographs of sandpaintings reproduced through courtesy of a Navajo boy named Arlie Ahasteen. AArch 34: 262-5.


n.d. Texts of Night Way Chant legend, Gesture Dance, etc. MS. See IV-C-i.


Overholt, Mary



Description of attempts at curing by different singers.

1930 Navajo origin legend. JAFL 43: 88104. Recorded by Stephen in 1885, edited by Olive Bushnell. Stevenson, James

1891 Ceremonial of Hasjelti Dailjis and mythical sand painting of the Navajo Indians. BAE-AR 1886-7, 8: 229-85. Night Way; unsophisticated compared to Mat¬ thews, but useful. Thompson, Stith

is one of

1919 Note on a Navajo war dance. AA 21: 465-7. 1921 Note on the Night Chant at Tuwelchedu which came to an end on Dec. 6, 1920. A A 23: 240-3. 1923 Navaho folk tales. JAFL 36: 368-75.

1929 Tales of the North American Indians. Cambridge, Mass. Navaho cited in comparative notes on distribu¬ tion of tales on pp. 275, 278, 280, 284-5, 287-9, 291, 294-5, 297-302, 306-7, 310-2, 314-8, 320-2, 324-5, 328-30, 332-4, 336, 338, 344-7, 351-5.

M. 1905 A Navajo sand picture of the Rain Gods and its attendant ceremony. ICA-P 13th sess., New York, 1902: 147-56.

Tozzer, Alfred

H. 1908 Ah-jih-lee-hah-neh, a Navajo legend. JAFL 21: 178-83.

Pepper, George

Largely summarized in Tozzer, 1909.

1908 A note on star-lore among the Navajos. JAFL 21: 28-32.

B. 1934b A Navaho fire dance. AA 36: 434-7. Illus.

Reagan, Albert

A. *1937 Sandpaintings of the Navajo Shoot¬ ing Chant. See Newcomb and Reichard, above.

Reichard, Gladys

1939c Navajo medicine man; sandpaintings and legends of Miguelito. New York. 83 p., 24 color plates of Bead and Shoot¬ ing Way sandpaintings, 9 text figures.

*1909 Notes on religious ceremonials of the Navaho. PAV: 299-343. Ulus. Much valuable material not elsewhere available; good Pueblo and other comparisons. United States, Bureau of American Ethnology

1891 Report of the Director. BAE-AR 18856, 7. p. xxv Notice that Mrs. M. C. Stevenson ob¬ tained description and sketches of Yeibit-cai.




1928 Report of the Chief. BAE-AR 1919-

C. 1938 Tleji or Yehbechai myth. By Hasteen Klah, retold in shorter form from the myth by M. C. Wheelwright. The House of Navajo Religion, Bulletin 1. Santa Fe.

Wheelwright, Mary

24, 4i. pp. 67-8 Notice of Mr. B. S. Guha’s visit among Navaho and Ute at Towoac and Shiprock in 1921, found Navaho legends of ancient Cliff-Dwellers of Mesa Verde.

13 P-

Also origin legends of various chants (MSS) and paintings of accompanying sandpaintings.

F. n.d. The Navajo genesis. MS.

Van Valkenburgh, Richard

Van Valkenburgh, Richard

F., and

Not examined.

Begay, Scotty

1938 Sacred places and shrines of the Nav¬ ajo, Part 1, the sacred mountains. MNAMN 11: 29-34.

Wheelwright, Mary


and Newcomb,

Franc J.

(1940) Navajo myths and ceremonies of the Blessing Chant, Water Chant, and Hail Chant. To appear in 1940. New York. 50 p. Ulus.

T. Stanton 1893 Legendary evolution of Navajo In¬ dians. AN 27: 69-79.

Van Vleet,

Not examined.

Parts of the origin legend.

C. Staniland 1904 The Navaho origin legend. AAntiq 26: 265-71.


C. 1936a Origin legends of Navaho divinatory rites. JAFL 49: 134-42.

Wyman, Leland

Watkins, Frances

*1936(3 Navaho diagnosticians. AA 38: 23646.

Weber, Anselm

1936c The Female Shooting Life Chant; a minor Navaho ceremony. A A 38: 634-53.

E. 1936 Two rare Navaho masks. M 10: 188-9.

1916 On Navajo myths and superstitions. FMS no. 4: 38-46. W., and Cummings, Byron 1922 A Navaho folk tale of Pueblo Bonito. AArch 14: 132-6.

C., and Kluckhohn, Clyde 1938 Navaho classification of their song ceremonials. AAA-M 50. 38 p.

Wyman, Leland

Wetherill, Lulu

Describes Navaho as in Southwest when various Pueblo III sites were still occupied; cf. the Bead Way legend in Matthews, **18973.



The published material on Navaho ceremonial¬ ism is cited almost completely in the footnotes.

See also articles in VI-A-3.

and Poetry

21 p. Illus. MS in Bureau of American Ethnology, Pueblo 3201 (see Winnebago 3229 in BAE).

Bailey, Virginia

1938 Indian music of the Southwest. EP 44= 1-3Cover and pp. 1-3 Theme dance, music and words.

of Navajo


Not examined.

and Evans, May G. 1931 American Indian dance steps. See IV-

Evans, Bessie, Curtis, Natalie (Mrs. Paul Burlin)

1907 The Indians’ book. New York and London. (Another edition, 1923.) PP- 347'425 Navaho myths, songs and music; illus.

D-4C. 1897 Navajo music. In Matthews, ‘‘1897a (see IV-D-4), pp. 279-90.

Fillmore, John

Densmore, Frances

n.d. Pueblo, Navaho and Winnebago songs.

[ 5° ]

Melodies transcribed from phonograph records.


Ethnology—5. Music and Poetry

Fletcher, Alice

1907 Indian story and song from North America. Boston, p. 122 One Navaho melody.

The following records with MS translations are on file in the Department of Anthro¬ pology, Columbia University. Date indicates year in which recorded. Not examined.

p. 29 List of phonograph records of Navaho music and where deposited.

F. 1925 Festival in Gallup, New Mexico. Mod¬ ern Music 2: 28-31.


General and popular in tone. Matthews, Washington

1889b Navajo gambling songs. A A, o.s., 2: 1-19.


1894c Songs of sequence of the Navajos. JAFL 7: 185-94. Abstract in American Association for Advancement of Science, Proceedings, 1893, 42: 311.

1943 ?b Enemy Way. 50 records of songs, 120 melodies.

1896b Songs of the Navajos. LS 5: 197-201.

Haile, Berard

Big Star Chant and miscellaneous. 53 records of songs, 85 melodies.

Hf.rzog, George

1931 Hail Chant (complete). 315 records of songs, over 400 melodies. Mentioned in Wheelwright and Newcomb (see IVD-4).

1920 Religious songs and prayers of the Navaho. In A. L. Kroeber and T. T. Waterman, Source Book in Anthropol¬ ogy, Berkeley, pp. 481-3. 7 songs and prayers taken from ‘•1897a and *i902a (see IV-D-4).


1932a Bead Chant (complete). 54 records of songs, over 100 melodies.

Revised edition of Kroeber and Water¬ man, New York, 1931, pp. 442-4.

1932b “Blessing” Way (complete). 215 records of songs, 288 melodies.

5 Navaho songs and prayers taken from Mat¬ thews, *19023.

1933a Moccasin game songs. 10 records of songs, 14 melodies.

Roberts, Helen H.

1933b Miscellaneous. 20 records of songs, 30 melodies. I933c (No title.) 20 records of songs, 40 melodies. and Hoijer, Harry 1929 “Emergence myth” (complete). 550 records of songs, over 400 melodies.

1936 Musical areas in America. YUPA 12.



p. 33 Half-page on Navaho music. Eda Lou 1922 Navaho poetry: an interpretation. The Texas Review 7: 198-210.


Herzog, George,

1924 Navaho 40-4.





Not examined. Hoijf.r, Harry

1932 Navaho songs belonging to the emer¬ gence myth and to the Night Chant. Ca. 900 p. Another copy on file at the De¬ partment of Anthropology, University of Chicago. Hoijf.r, Harry, and Wheelwright, Mary

1932 Night Chant. 193 records of songs, over 200 melodies.

1926 Dawn boy, Blackfoot and Navajo songs. With an introduction by Witter Bynner. New York. pp. 35-82 Navaho legends and songs; interpre¬ tations based on texts of W. Matthews.

1930 Navajo 105-18.

song patterning.

JAFL 43:

and Waterman, T. T. 1925 American Indian poetry. AA 27: 25-

Walton, Eda Lou,

52Herzog, George

1936 Research in primitive and folk music in the United States. American Council of Learned Societies, Bull. 24, Washing¬ ton, D. C.

Mainly an analysis of Navaho poetry. Anonymous

1934 Navaho Goat Song (text). M 8: 188. See also VI-B.






John G. Snake-dance of the Moquis . . . See IV-D-8.

Hrdlicka, Ales

.*1908 Physiological and medical observa¬ tions . .. See IV-B.


p. 240.

Coolidge, Dane, and Coolidge, Mary R. 1930 The Navaho Indians. See VI-A-i.

Kluckhohn, Clyde

1938a Participation in ceremonials . . . See IV- D-4.

pp. 142-4, 146-7. Dyk, Walter

P- 365n.d. Notes on witchcraft among the Nav¬ aho. 57 p. MS.

*1938 Son of Old Man Hat. See IV-D-7. pp. 273, 357, 364, 377.

Various types of witchcraft; linguistic and case material.

Franciscan Fathers

**igioa An ethnologic dictionary of the Navaho language. Sec IV-D-i.

and Wyman, Lei.and C. 1940a An introduction to Navaho chant practice. See IV-D-4.

Kluckhohn, Clyde

pp. 105, 139, 172, 346, 348-50, 359. 362, 375*1912 A vocabulary of the Navaho lan¬ guage. See IV-C-i.

p. 169.

Vol. 1, p. 222.

E. Indian

Lf.upp, Francis

1910 The V- A-i.

F., and Wetherill, L. 1934 Traders to the Navajos. Sec VI-A-i.






pp. 86-92. Matthews, Washington

••1897a Navaho legends. See IV-D-4.

E. 1933 ‘‘Pot Woman teaches witchcraft.” In Goddard, Navajo texts (see IV-C-i), pp. 76-86; see also p. 141.

Goddard, Pliny

Haile, Berard

PP- 39. 7°. 187, 194•1902a The Night Chant . . . See IV-D-4. pp. 19-20. Morgan, William

•1938a Origin legend of the Navaho Enemy Way. See IV-C-i.

1932 Navaho dreams. See IV-D-7. PP- 394-5*1936 Human-wolves among the Navaho. YUPA 11. 43 p.

PP. 17, 36, 143. n.d. Witchery. MS on file in the Depart¬ ment of Anthropology, University of Chicago. Package 7, Folder F. Intro., text, transl., notes. 74 p. Not examined. Legendary account of origin of witchcraft, first treatment of its effects by sucking; personal ac¬ count of informant’s experiences as a sucking shaman.

Suggestive psychological interpretation hut in¬ sufficient regard for formal patterns of the culture. Newcomb, Franc J.

1940 Navajo omens and taboos. See IV-D-7. pp. 14, 15, 41, 47, 52, 57.

A. •1928a Social life of the Navajo Indians... See IV-D-3.

Reichard, Gladys

Hill, Willard W.

1938a Navajo use of jimsonweed. See III-B.

p. 148.

p. 21.

••1938b The agricultural and hunting methods of the Navaho Indians. See IVD ad.

Van Valkenburgh, Richard F.

pp. 88, 132, 136, 161, 179.

1938c A short history of the Navaho people. See II-B. p. 47.

[ 52]




Weuk, Asseim

io»o On \


work. SWM MR Supplement, April, pp. AD.

id supers itkms.

See IV-D-4.

Reports incident involving 4 witch.

PP- 41-3.

With full, John

Wetherill, Mrs. Richard

1934b Navajo Indian history and

C\V \

103: Death of .1 Medicine Man. See VI A 1.

7. Miscellaneous Abel,



193S Free designs ot limited seope as a personality index. Character and Person¬ ality 7: 50-63.

e.-; 4. odd, 668. 8 803-4 Na\ Ct'RTts, William F.

1005 Education and morals among the Navajos and Pueblos. AAnriq 3-: 259-64. Reprinted from the Chicago RecordHerald. Aug. 13, 1905-

pp. 57-S, pi Twenty-three Navaho subjects at Fort Wingate. Adair. John

to;' The trading post in v MS.

to culture. Dyk. Walter

*1938 Son of Old Man Hat, a Navajo auto¬ biography. Recorded by Walter Dyk. New York. 378 p. Reviewed by L. C. Wyman. A A, 1930. 41: 300-10.

Ratviah Navaho material. Blackwood, Beatrice

193- A study of mental testing in relation to anthropology. Mental Measurement Monographs, no. 4. Baltimore. k 83 Series 1 Blyth.




Of quite fundamental importance. Fewkes, T. Walter

1 Sot On a certain gesture of the mouth among the American Indians. AN

Auce D.

1030 A possible significance of life history material to the ethnographer as demon¬ strated by a study of Son of Old Man Hat. 93 p. MS. Honors thesis in anthro¬ pology, Radcliffe College. Copy in Pea¬ body Museum, Cambridge, Massachusetts. Roi'rke,


183. Gesture probably indicating direction used by Navaho, Zuni, and Passamaquoddy. R. toeea An investigation of the intelligence of Mexican and full and mixed blood Indian children. Eugenica! News 7: 10s.

Garth, Thomas


18S8 Compilation of notes and memoranda bearing upon the use of human ordure and human urine in rites of a religious or semi religious character among various nations.

One group of Apache and Navaho tested bj National Intelligence Tests; because of small group results are inconclusive. 1033b The intelligence of Indians. 8 56: 635-6.

PP- 40, 50-1 Use of urine as mordant; sym¬ bolized in ceremonies.

1 S88.

Berry, Rose

Chabot, Maria

1936a Traditional weaving revives. NM 14, July: 24-5, 45-8. 1936b Navajo blanket weaving. IW 4, no. 6, Nov. 1: 6-12.

pp. 149-50 Description of four Navaho chief blankets; illus. Budlong, Betty

1936 Navajo study project. SWM-MR Sup¬ plement, Feb.: 123-5.

M. 1925 The Indian fair. AArch 18: 215-24.

Chapman, Kenneth

A few details on weaving and dyeing.

Pictures of blankets and silver.





W. 1899 The industries of the Navahoes ana Mokis. Good Health, June: 315-22. 1902b Indian blanketry. Outing 39, March: 684-93. Ulus. 1915 Navaho Indian blanket. O, n.s., 65, March: 268-83. Illus. 1922 Indian blankets and their makers. Mentor 10, June: 13-28. Illus.

James, George

Connely, Ruth

1935 Twelve examples of Navajo weaving, from drawings cut on linoleum blocks. Limited edition printed by Ruth Connely under the New Mexico Relief Admin¬ istration. From specimens in the Labora¬ tory of Anthropology and Indian Arts Fund in Santa Fe, and in the American Museum of Natural History, also from specimens privately owned.

H. 1936 How I make a silver Navajo ring. IW 3, no. 17, April 15: 31. Also in M 10: 228. Illus.

Jones, Wilford

R. 1933 Navajo rugs. Esto Publishing Co., Pasadena, California. No. IV-A of Enjoy Your Museum series. 14 p.

Coolidge, Dane, and Coolidge, Mary

Kirk, Ruth

C. N. n.d. The Navajo blanket. Ref. from Spiegelberg, 1915 (see IV-D-aa).

1932 Navajo rugs. California Art and Archi¬ tecture, Nov.: 22-3, 34. Illus.


L. 1910 Aboriginal American weaving. Paper read before the National Association of Cotton Manufacturers at their 88th Meeting, Boston,

Kissel, Mary

E. 1929 Bayeta of the Navaho. HB 65, May: 644-5, 662, 664-5, 669. Illus.

Cummin, Hazel

C. E. 1925b The Indian as a wool grower. The National Wool Grower (published by the National Wool Growers Association, Salt Lake City, Utah) 15, Nov.: 23-5.


p. 13 Navaho weaving and illus.

1931 Indian weaving. Exposition of Indian Tribal Arts, Inc., New York, Leaflet 10: 3-16. pp. 11-3 Navaho weaving and illus.

H. 1927 Blanketry in Nov.: 556. Illus.





Lemos, Pedro J.

1926 Indian decorative designs. SAM, Port¬ folio.

E. 1936 Navajo weaving. IW 4, no. 3, Sept. 15: 28-31. Illus.

Harris, Fern

Plate 20 illustrates 11 pieces of Navaho jewelry. 1930 My five Indian guests, each one an artist. SAM 29, June: 589-601. Illus. 1933 Our first American artists. SAM 33, Sept.: 10-6. Illus.

Hesselden, Elizabeth C.

1930 Indian silver of the Southwest. De¬ sign 32: 101-3, 118-9. Ulus.

n.d. Indian arts, Pueblo and Navajo. Pub¬ lished by SAM, no. 157.

Hill, Gertrude

1937 The art of the Navajo silversmith. K 2, no. 5: 17-21.

Plates 7, 16, 25-7 Weaving and silver.

H. 1914 History of the art of weaving among the Navajos. The Redman 7, Oct.: 58-63.

Lipps, Oscar

Hogner, Dorothy C.

1934 The Navajo rug market; what civili¬ zation is doing to one Indian hand-craft. NM 12, Jan.: 22-3, 36, 38. Hogner, Nils

Lovering, J.

1910 Two vases. O, n.s., 55, May: 528-9. G. 1938 Desert crafts. SAM 38, Dec.: Illus.


1931 Navajo art. SAM 30, March: 465-6. Illus. E. 1931 Navajo blanket. Ladies Home Journal 48, Dec.: 121.



Lummis, Charles F.


1896a Our first American jewelers. LS 5: 54-8.


Non-Fiction—J. Ceremonies

Navaho and Pueblo silver jewelry.

Woods, Betty

1939a Navajo weavers. NM 17, Feb.: 10-1, 37. Illus.

1896b The best blanket in the world. LS 6: 8-11. Illus.

Yealth, Sarah

Miller, Wick

1936 The making of Navajo blankets. EP 40: 43-4.

1930 The Navajo and his silver-work. NM 8, Aug.: 12-4. Illus. J. B. 1911b The Navajo Indian rug or blanket . . . Crystal, Navajo Reservation, New Mexico. Williamson-Haffner Co., Denver.



1897 The Navajo blanket. HB, Oct.: 153. Ref. from AlliotL 1921 Navaho art in weaving. LD 69, May 7: 24-5. Illus.

32 p. Advertisement of Navaho rugs made to order,

1927a Navajo rug making. AI 1, no. 5: 12.

16 plates.

1927b Primitive American hand-made rugs. Good Furniture Magazine 28, no. 1: 14-9.

Oglesby, Catharine

1939 Modern Guatemala, York.

primitive and the

arts of Mexico, Southwest. New

1931a Navajo blanket exhibition. EP 30: 10-1. Illus.

pp. 68-96 Navaho blankets and silversmithing.

1931b Art of the Navajo silversmith. SAM 30, March: 459-61. Illus. 1932 Modern Navaho rugs. FIB 71, April: 268-9. Ulus.

Ostermann, Leopold

1918b The Navajo Indian blanket. FMS no. 6: 1-11. Illus.

1936 Navajo silversmithing. IW 4, no. 5, Oct. 15: 46-8. Reprinted from New Mex¬ ico Association on Indian Affairs, Art Series, no. 7.

L. 1904 Navajos and their blanket-weaving industry. New England Magazine, n.s., 31, Sept.: 64-74. Ulus.

Patterson, George

1937 As good as money; silver and tur¬ quoise jewelry of the Navajo and Hopi Indians. Christian Science Monitor Weekly Magazine Section, Aug. 25.

}. J. 1893 A Navajo blanket. Californian, Aug.


1938 Miscellaneous items. M 12, no. 1: 41, Sloan, John, and La Farge, Oliver

42, 45-

1931 Introduction to American Indian art, Part I. Exposition of Indian Tribal Arts, Inc., New York. pp. illus.

Weaving and silverwork.

1939a Conservation at Navajo means more than saving the soil. IW 6, no. 8, April:

17-21, 33-9 Navaho blankets and silver;

A. P. 1910 Navajo art and Southwest, Feb.: 92.


Wool and weaving.

1939b Native Navajo rug weavers demon¬ strate the use of natural dyes to color yarns. IW 6, no. 12: 39.






Ceremonies, Myths, Folk-Tales, and Sandpainting

1929 Navajo sand-painters at their work. Edited by FI. FI. Dunn. T 53, Aug.: 25-7. Illus.

Allen, Philippa

1930 Whispering wind, folk-tales of the Navaho Indians, retold. Chicago. 63 p.

S. 1890 Dances of the Navajo Indians. Amer¬ ican Architect 28, April: 21-4. Taken from Matthews, 1887 (see IV-D-4).

Baxter, Armer, Laura A.

1925 A Navajo sandpainting. University of California Chronicle 27: 233-9.

[ 791



1933a Navajo flood legend. NM 11, March: 18-9, 50-1.

V. S. 1929b Red Indian sand-paintings. Discovery 10, April: 120-4. Ulus.

Berry, Rose

G. A. 1887 The deities of the Navajos. AN 21: 206.

1933b Creation of the Navajos; Nasuit re¬ calls the legend of his tribe’s beginning. NM 11, May: 26-7. Illus.


Duncan, Emmet

A note on natural phenomenon of reflection in San Juan River as explanation of Navaho tradition.

L. P. 1934 Religion of the Navahoes. National Republic 22, Nov.: 16-8. Illus.

1925 Navajo Indians, the best sand painters in the world. Boston Evening Transcript, Nov. 21.


W. C. 1896 A legend of Navajo Indians. Cosmo¬ politan 22, Nov.: 73-8.


Budlong, Betty

1935 Navajo sand painting at Canyon de Chelly. SWM-MR Supplement, Aug.:

Eddy, Lewis PL

1893 A Navajo myth. Arizona Magazine, Aug.: 83.

133-6. Camp, Margaret

1929 “Legend of Shiprock”—revealing his¬ tory of the Navajo. AI 3, no. 8: 13, 15.

Evans, (Trader)

1935 Navajo folk lore. Southwestern Lore 1, no. 1: 10-6.

Chabot, Maria

1936c Defense of the dance. NM 14, Oct.: 16-7, 46-7.

Fergusson, Erna

1931 Dancing gods; Indian ceremonials of New Mexico and Arizona. New York.

A. 1921 Sand painters of the American desert. T 36, Jan.: 15-7. Illus.


pp. 179-239 Navaho ceremonies; also history.

R. 1935 Origin of the Mud Dance, as told by Sam Akeah to Paul R. Franke. MVN 6, no. r, Aug.: 19-20.

Franke, Paul

N. 1940 Medicine man’s art. NM 18, May: 20,

Clark, Anna


R. 1929 The rain-makers. Boston.

Coolidge, Mary

pp. 245-90 Ceremonies and myth; also history and weaving.


W. A. 1940 Place of the Gods. NH 65: 40-4.




Cummings, Byron

Description of a visit to a cave supposedly con¬ nected with Night Way chant; contains misin¬ formation.

1936a The bride of the Sun. K 1, no. 5: 1-4. Goddard, Pliny E.

1936b Navajo sand paintings. K 1, no. 7: 1-2.

1925 The Night Chant as represented in the new Navajo group at the American Museum. NH 25: 49-53. Illus.

Cummings, Emma

1936 Sand pictures in the Arizona state museum at Tucson. K 1, no. 7: 2-4.

Griffin, Jean

1931 A night out. NM 9, Dec.: 22-4, 42-3. DeHuff, Elizabeth W.

1930 The Navajo Fire Dance. NM 8, Feb.: 10-2, 30.

Guiterman, Arthur

1911 The star planters, a Navajo Indian legend. The Popular Magazine, Feb. 15: 148.

1931 The Pojuaque giant. NM 9,.Dec.: 18-9. 1932a Giant’s bones. NM 10, April: 20-2, 44.

M. P. 1929 Sand magic of the Navaho. O, n.s., 87, May: 137.


1932b Don’t gamble. NM 10, May: 16-7. 1932c The trickster. NM 10, July: 18-9.



Non-Fiction—3. Ceremonies

R. 1928 Indian sandpaintings decorate a new hotel. SW 57, July: 267-71. Illus.


W. 1900b The Fire Dance of the Navahoes. Wide World Magazine, London, Sept.: 516-23.

James, George

H. 1905 An unusual Navaho medicine cere¬ mony. Reprinted from SW, Hampton, Virginia. 10 p.

Pepper, George

Popular account of two ceremonial procedures employed by Navaho medicine man for cure of sore throat; probably Bead Way or Eagle Way.

B. 1929 Fourth of July summer solstice cere¬ mony of the Navajos. SW 58, July: 310-3. Illus.

Reagan, Albert

B., ed. and compiler 1912 Myths and legends of California and the old Southwest. Chicago.

Judson, Katharine

pp. 132-50 Popular versions of a few Navaho myths.

H. 1906 At a medicine dance of the Navajos. The Pacific Monthly 16, Dec.: 745-52. Ref. from Alliott.

ReisenberG, Sidney

Kirk, Ruth F.

1935 In beauty it is finished. NM 13, Dec.: 16-7. 1936 Grandfather July: 28-9, 43-4.


the gods.



Kluckhohn, Clyde

1933c The great chants of the Navajo. Theatre Arts Monthly 17: 639-45. La Farge, Oliver

1930 Plastic prayers, dances of the south¬ western Indians. Theatre Arts Monthly 14: 218-24. pp. 223-4 Navaho ceremonies and dances.

Reiter, Winifred

1939 Desert debutantes. 12-3, 36-8.




D. 1936 Navajo sand paintings. SAM 36, Nov.: 153-7. Ulus.


Rogers, George

1924 Klah, the pagan. The Mentor 12, no. 2, March: 46-8. Illus. Rollins, Warren

J. 1935a Four articles published in The Lobo (University of New Mexico student paper).

1922 The spirit of the dead, a Navajo cere¬ mony. EP 12: 71-3. Illus.

Newcomb, Franc

Rudhyar, Dane

1939 The Navajo “Male Mountain Chant” once more resounds before the assembled tribes. NMQ 9, Feb.: 29-38.

1935b ff. Numerous articles in Southwest Tourist News (published at Gallup, New Mexico). Much of the material in the above cita¬ tions appears in Newcomb, 1940 (see IVD-7). 1935c Mystic medicine. NM 13, Sept.: 22,

Rush, Emmy Matt

1932 Indian legends. EP 32: 137-54. pp. 139-51 Navaho legends of flood and winged rock; wedding ceremony and observances at death.


1936a Yei-ba-chai dancer. IW 3, no. 23, July: 13. Poem and drawing reprinted from Southwest Tourist News.

Russell, James

1936 The Enta—in the land of the Navajos. American Forests 42: 350-4.

1936b Navajo symbols of the sun. NMQ 6:

W. 1934 Navajo birth-prayers. NM 12, Dec.: 16-7. 1936 Fairy tales of archaeology—II. South¬ western Lore 2, no. 1: 17-9.

Spencer, Lilian

305-71936c Symbols in sand. NM 14, Dec.: 24-5, 37-8Four pictures of sandpaintings and hogan.

I936d Ponies and saddles. World Youth, Boston.

Account of fire dance quoted from letter of a Navaho named O-wi-po.


VI. Popular

predict end of world tomorrow. Indians hike to high hills. Santa Fe New Mexican, vol. 57, no. 168, p. 1. Sunday, July 2, 1920.

A. M. 1896c Awaking the Rain God. The South¬ west Illustrated Magazine 2, Sept.-Oct.:



1923 Navajo sand paintings as decorative motive. EP 14: 175-83. Illus.

Washburne, Marion (Foster)

1915 Indian legends. Chicago. 144 p.

1935 Navaho sand paintings. EP 38: 72-3.

Navaho and Micmac.

Drawings of sandpaintings.

1936a Sand paintings of the Navajo. IW 3, no. 11, Jan. 15: 25-6.

Waters, Frank

1939 Navajo Yei-bet-chai. Yale Review 28, March: 558-71.

1936b The fire dance. IW 3, no. 23, July: J9-

R. J. 1916 Sketches of Indian life; the Navajo wedding. O, n.s., 68, Aug.: 170-3.


1937a Navajo and Pueblo Indian dancing. New Mexico Association on Indian Affairs, Indian Art Series. Reprinted in IW 5, no. 1, Oct. 1: 27-34.

Whitman, William

1925 Navaho tales. New York and Boston. 217 p. Legends retold from Matthews, **18973 (see IV-D-4). Reviewed by P. E. Goddard, JAFL, 1925, 38: 622-3.

pp. 29-32 Navaho dances.

1937b Articles and illustrations of Navaho ceremonials and dances. NYT, May 30, Aug. 22, and Sept. 7.

Woods, Betty

n.d. The sand-paintings of the Navajo . . . with a brief description of “the blessingof-the-house” ceremony of May 25, 1923. Kansas City, Missouri. 8 p. Illus. Pub¬ lished by the Fred Harvey Co.

1939b Fire dance. NM 17, July: 20-1, 40-2. Yazzie, Cora Ben Gould

1935 Wedding. IW 2, no. 21, June: 23-4. Anonymous

1920 Navajoes in a panic. Medicine men

Description of the sandpaintings at El Navajo Hotel, Gallup, New Mexico.

B. Fiction, Plays, Poetry, and Songs W., ed. 1918 The path on the rainbow, an anthol¬ ogy of songs and chants from the Indians of North America. New York.

Cronyn, George

Armer, Laura A.

1933 Dark circle of branches. New York. 212 p.

M. 1930 One-smoke stories. Golden Book 12, Oct.: 37-8.


R. 1886 Nah-nee-tah, a tale of the Navahos. J. H. Soule and Co., Washington, D. C.

pp. 74-99, 139-44 Navaho songs taken from Matthews and Natalie C. Burlin.

S. 1934 Echoes from Navajo land, a play in one act. New York. 48 p.

Daniels, Helen

Brinkerhoff, Henry

DeHuff, Elizabeth'W., and Grunn, Homer Broome, Bertram

1924 From desert and pueblo; five authentic Navaho and Tewa Indian songs. Boston. PP- 7'9> I5'7 Navaho peyote drinking song and

1932 Vengeance of the Gods. NM, 10, Jan.: I4-I7, 35-

love song; words and music.

Coolidge, Dane

1927 Under the sun: a novel of the Navajo exile in 1863-8. New York. 294 p.

Farwell, Arthur

Corle, Edwin

1937 People on the earth. New York. 401 p. A novel of modern adjustment among the Navaho.


1905 From mesa and plain. Newton Center, Massachusetts. 10 p. Paraphrase of a Navaho “war dance” song.

n.d. Navajo war dance, on an original Navajo theme. For pianoforte. The Wa-



wan Press, Newton Center, Massachusetts. 3 p. In the Ayer Collection, Newberry Library, Chicago. (Same as Farwell, 1905, but separate.) C. 1896 Songs of the Navajos (from the musi¬ cian’s point of view). LS 5: 238-41. Ulus.

Fillmore, John

La Farge, Oliver

1929 Laughing boy. Boston. 302 p. Novel with admirable reconstruction of back¬ ground of Navaho life.

1935 All the young men. Boston. pp. 29-43, 61-77, 79-no, 125-33, 151-83 Short stories, three reprinted from SEP and Scrib.

1937 The enemy gods. Boston. 325 p. 1938 Horse tamer. SEP, Jan. 15.

Gilmor, Frances

1930 Windsinger. New York. Ladd, Horatio O.

Novel about a Navaho medicine man.

1906 Chunda; a story of the Navajos. New York.

Goudberg, William

1935 The upward trail. Wm. B. Erdmans Publishing Co., Grand Rapids, Michigan. Hayne, Coe Smith

Means, Florence

1936 Tangled waters. Boston. 212 p. Illus. Moon, Grace

1930 Prisoners of Spirit Mountain. Elgin, Illinois, no p. Illus.

1932 Far-away desert. New York. 261 p. Morris, Gouverneur

1937 Trading post. SEP 210, Oct. 30: 8-9.

Jeancon, Jean A.

1924 Indian song book. Denver.

1938 All is beautiful before me. Housekeeping 106, June: 60-4.

pp. 5, 17 “Navajo Magic” and “Rain in the Desert” with words and music.


Myers, Susanna

1934 Weaving-woman, a play of the Nav¬ ajo Indians. New York.

Kirk, Ruth

1934a Wool weights. NM 12, June: 17-8. 1934b The chant of Dsilyidje. NM 12, Aug.: 14-6, 34-5.

H. 1934 He-who-always-wins. Grand Rapids, Michigan. 147 p.

Pousma, Richard

1934c A letter to Clah Chee. NM 12, Oct.:

7> 43-4i934d Ghosts of white medicine. NM 22, Dec.: 10-1, 43-5.

H. 1903 Her Navajo lover. 19 p. Ref. from Alliott.

Robinson, Will

Kuipers, Cornelius

1934b Chant of the night; an Indian mis¬ sion story. Grand Rapids, Michigan. 215 p. 1934c Deep snow. Grand Rapids, Michigan. 160 p. Illus.

W. 1929 Arrowheads. New York. 64 p. (Poetry.)

Spencer, Lilian


1920 Navaho songs. N no, April 17: 517.

C. Juvenile

Beston, Henry (Henry Beston Sheahan)

Armer, Laura A.

1931c Waterless mountain. New York. 2i2p. 1937 The trader’s children. New York. 241 p. M. 1927 Indian playmates of Navajo land; a course for primary children. Friendship Press, Missionary Educational Movement, New York. 133 p.

Baader, Ethel

1926 The sons of Kai, stories of the Navajo. New York. 55 p. Birney, Hoffman


1931 Two little Navajos. Philadelphia. 279 p. Illus. 1935 Ay-chee, son of the desert. Philadel¬ phia. 112 p. Color plates.



1938 Told in the twilight, a collection of Pueblo and Navajo Mother Goose rhymes. New York. 143 p. Illus.

Brandeis, Madeline

1928 The





134 PBrandt, Rose Katherine, ed.

Hawthorne, Hildegardf.

1937 The colored land; a Navajo Indian book written and illustrated by Navajo children. New York. 80 p. Color plates.

1930 The mystery in Navaho Canyon. New York. 225 p. C. 1935 Navajo winter nights; folk tales and myths of the Navajo people. New York. 180 p. Illus.

Hogner, Dorothy Buff, Mary M.

1937 Dancing Cloud, the Navajo boy. New York. 80 p. L. 1939 Two little Navahos dip their sheep. Milwaukee, Wisconsin. 48 p. Illus.

Original material, told for children.

Butler, Eva

N. 1940- Little Herder Stories. Published by Education Division, U. S. Office of Indian Affairs. Phoenix, Arizona. In Autumn. In Winter. In Spring. 105 p. In Summer.

W. 1911 A little journey to some strange places and peoples in our southwestern land. Chicago. (Revised edition, Chicago, 1930, with title, A little journey to New Mex¬ ico and Arizona.)

James, George

Clark, Ann

All printed in double column, English and Navaho. Illustrated by Hoke Denetsosie.

Miller, Warren H.

1921 The black panther of the Navajo. New York. Moon, Grace, and Moon, Karl

1917 Indian legends in rhyme. New York, pp. 1-10, 53-4 Navaho.

A. 1904 Captured by the Navajos. New York. (Also later edition.) Ref. from Alliott.

Curtis, Charles

B. 1940 Navaho-English bi-lingual readers. Published by Education Division, U. S. Office of Indian Affairs. Phoenix, Ari¬ zona. Little Man’s family (pre-primer). 30 p. Primer. 24 p. Reader. 76 p. Illustrated by Gerald Nailor.

Enochs, J.

L. 1930 The eagles nest. New York. 114 p. Illus. 1937 Nah-le Kah-de. New York. 96 p. Illus.

“Legends” from

land of the

1918 Lost Indian magic. New York. 1932 Book of Nah-Wee. New York. 59 p. Romaine, Florence

1935 The flute boy of the Navajos. New York. 80 p. Illus. W. 1927 A son of the Navahos. Cambridge, Massachusetts. 201 p.

Schultz, James

Sperry, Armstrong

1938 Little Eagle, delphia. 102 p.


Navajo boy.


Harrington, Isis

Walton, Eda Lou


1933 Turquoise Boy and White Shell Girl. New York. 202 p.

INDEX OF AUTHORS OF BOOKS, ARTICLES, AND ETHNOLOGICAL MANUSCRIPTS The numerals and letters in parentheses refer to the sections and subsections as listed in the Table of Contents. In each section authors are listed alphabetically except for Section II and the subsections of V-B, where the entries are arranged chronologically. PAGES

Abbott, F. H., in Lake Mohonk Conferences (V-A-i). Abel, Annie H., see Calhoun (II-A 1849-52) . . Abel, Theodora M. (IV-D-7). Abert, J. W. See Emory, Abert, Cooke, and Johnston Adair, John (IV-D-2b, IV-D-7).39, Adams, Lucy W. (V-A-i). Adams, M. (VI-A-i). Adelung, J. C., and Vater, J. S. (note at end of IV-C-i). Alcedo, Antonio de (II-B 1788). Alegre, Francisco Xavier (II-B 1841-2). Alexander, Flartley B. (IV-D-4). Allen, Fred W., and Schaeffer, Waldemar (IV-B) . Allen, Philippa (VI-A-3). Allen, Victor T. (III-A). Alliott, Hector (I). Ambrose, J. L. (VI-A-i). Amsden, Charles A. (II-B I932d and 1933, IIIB, IV-A, IV-D-2a, VI-A-2) 20, 26, 29, 38, Review of Reichard, 1936a (IV-D-2a). See Wyman and Amsden Anderson, Joseph F. (VI-A-i). Applegate, Frank G. (VI-A-i). Armer, Laura A. (III-B, IV-D-4, VI-A-i, VIA-3, VI-B, VI-C) 26, 45, 71, 79, 82, See H. H. Dunn (VI-A-i). Armer, S. (VI-A-i). Arnold (Father), Hoffman, L. T., Vogt, E. Z., Arnold, Ethel M. (VI-A-2). Arny, W. F. M. (IV-C-2, also note at end of IV-C-2) .35, Atalie (Princess) (VI-A-2). Austin, M. (VI-B). Baader, Ethel M. (VI-C). Backus, E. (II-A 1853). Bailey, Flora L. (IV-D-2d). Bailey, Vernon (III-B). Bailey, Virginia (IV-D-5). Baker, Arthur A. (III-A). Balbi, Adrien (II-B 1826). Bancroft, Hubert H. (I, II-B 1874-89, notes at end of IV-C-t and IV-C-2).3, 19, 35, Bandeher, Adolph F. (I, II-B 1890-2,

60 13 53

53 59 71 35 17 18 45 31 79 23 3 71 77 39 71 71 83 72 71

77 36 77 82 83 13 42 26 50 23 17 36

VI-A-i).3, 19, 7i See Hackett (I). 3


Barber, Bernard (IV-D-4). 45 Barber, Edwin A. (II-A 1878). 16 Barnard, Mary A., see Garth and Barnard Barnes, L. C. (V-A-2). 62 Barriero, Antonio (II-A 1832, note at end of IV-C-2) .12, 36 Barry, R. (VI-A-i). 71 Barthelmess, Christian (IV-D-4). 45 Bartlett, John R. (II-A 1850-3). 13 Bartlett, Katherine (II-B 1932 and 1937). ... 20 Bauer, Clyde M. (III-A). 23 Bauer, Clyde M., and Reedside, J. B. (III-A) . . 23 Baxter, S. (VI-A-3). 79 Beadle, J. H. (II-A 1873 and 1879, note at end of IV-C-2) .16, 36 Beale, E. F. (III-A, V-B-i 35th Cong., 1 sess.) .23, 64 See Lockett (II-B 1939a). 21 Beals, Ralph L. (IV-D-8). 56 Beasley, W. L. (VI-A-2). 77 Bedinger, Margery (IV-D-2b). 39 Begay, Scotty See Van Valkenburgh and Begay Bell, William A. (II-A 1867-8, II-B 1868-9).15, 18-19 Benavides, Fray Alonso de (II-A 1630). 5 Bender, A. B. (II-A 1934a and 1934b). 20 Benson, Seth B. (III-B). 26 Bent, Charles, in Schoolcraft (II-B 1851-60). . 18 Berry, Rose V. S. (IV-D-4, VI-A-2, VI-A-3).45, 77, 80 Beston, Henry (Henry Beston Sheahan) (VI-C) 83 Bickford, F. T. (VI-A-i). 71 Birney, Hoffman (VI-C). 83 Bitanny, Adolph (II-B 1940). 21 See Reichard and Bitanny Black, Alexander (IV-C-l). 33 Blackwood, Beatrice (IV-B, IV-D-i, IV-D-7) .31. 36, See Kluckhohn (IV-B). Blaeu, Jean (II-B 1667). Blake, W. P. (IV-D-2b). Bloom, Lansing B. (II-B 1913-4 and 1927) . 19, Blyth, Alice D. (IV-D-7). Boas, Franz (IV-B, IV-D-4).31, Bolton, Herbert E. (I). Bourke, John G. (II-A 1873-81, IV-A, IV-D-i, IV-D-3, IV-D-6, IV-D-7, IV-D-8) 16, 29, 36, 43, 52, 53,


53 31 17 39 20 53 45 3


Index of Authors PAGES


Bowra, G. B. (VI-A-i). Boyers, L. M. (111 - B). Boyle, R. V. (I1I-B). Brandeis, Madeline (VI-C). Brandt, Rose K. (VI-C). Brennan, G. A. (VI-A-3). Brewer, James, Jr. (IV-D-zd). Brewer, Sallie P. (II-A 1864, VI-A-i).14, Brink, L. P. (VI-A-3). Brinkcrhoff, Henry R. (VI-B). Brinton, D. G. (IV-B) . Bristol, H. B. (II-A 1865a, IV-C-2).14, Brooke, John (VI-A-i). Brooks, C. C. (V-A-2) Broome, Bertram (VI-B). Brown, Barnum (III - A). Brown, Katherine D. (V-A-i). Brown, W. C. See Gurovits, Brown, and Suplee Browne, John R. (II-A 1869). Brownell, Charles de W. (II-B 1853) . Bryan, Kirk (III-A, IV-D-ad).23, See Longwell, Miser, Moore, Bryan, and Paige Bryan, Nonarah, and Young, Stella (IV-D-2a) Buckland, A. W. (IV-D-4). Budlong, Betty (VI-A-2, VI-A-3).77, Buff, Mary M. (VI-C) . Bunzel, Ruth (IV-D-8). Burge, Moris (VI-A-2) . See National Association on Indian Affairs, 1937 (V-A-i). Bursey, Joseph A. (VI-A-2). Bushnell, Olive See Stephen (IV-D-4). Burton, Estelle B. (II-B 1914). Buschmann, J. C. E. (Notes at end of IV-C-i and IV-C-2) .35, Butler, Eva L. (VI-C) . Buxton, L. H. Dudley (IV-B, IV-D-3, IV-D-4,

71 26 26 84 84 80 42 71 80 82 31 35 71 62 82 23 59

15 18 42

38 45 80 84 56 77 60 77 49 19 36 84

VI-A-i) .3G 43.45.7i Bynner, Witter (VI-A-2). 77 Calhoun, James S. (II-A 1849-52). 13 Camp, Margaret (VI-A-3). 80 Campa, A. L., and Kuipers, C. C. (IV-D-2I5) 40 Campbell, M. R., and Gregory, Herbert E. (III-A) . 23 Carey, Harry (VI-A-i). 71 Carleton, James H. (II-A 1864). 14 Carpenter, Thorne M., and Steggerda, Morris (IV-I)-2d) 42 Carr, Malcolm (IV-D-i, IV-D-3).36, 43-44 Carr, Malcolm, Spencer, Katherine, and Woolley, Dorianc (IV-D-3). 44 Carson, Christopher (II-A 1863-4). 14 Cassidy, Ina S. (VI-A-2). 77 Castetter, Edward F. (IV-D-2d). 42 Catlin, George (II-A 1871, and note at end of IV-C-2) .16, 36

Chabot, Maria (VI-A-2, VI-A-3).77. 80 Chamberlain, A. F. Review of Eickcmeyer (VI-A-i).72 Chapman, A. (VI-A-3). 80 Chapman, Charles E. (I) . ... . . 3 Chapman, Kenneth M. (VI-A-2). 77 Chcethan, F. T. (II-B 1926). 20 Clark, Ann N. (V-A-2, VI-A-3, VI-C) 62, 80, 84 Clark, C. C. (III-B). 26 Clark, H. A. (V-A-2). 62 Clark, J. A. (II-B 1864) . 18 Clute, Willard N. (III-B). 26 Cole, Ellis P. (IV-D-23). 38 Cole, H. G. (Mrs.) In Lake Mohonk Conferences (V-A-i). 60 Cole, La Mont C. (III-B) . .26 Collier, Charles W. (III-A, V-A-i).23, 59 Collier, John (III-A, V-A-i, VI-A-i). 23,59,71 Collins, G. N. (III-B) . 26 Colton, Mary R. F. (IV-D-2d). 42 Colton, Harold S. (IV-A). 29 Connelly, William E. (II-A 1848) . 12 Connely, Ruth (VI-A-2) . 78 Connolly, Florence, see Tanner and Connolly Cooke, P. St. G. See Emory, Abert, Cooke, and Johnston Coolidge, Dane (VI-A-i, VI-B).71, 82 Coolidge, Dane, and Coolidge, Mary R. (IV-D2b, IV-D-6, VI-A-i, VI-A-2) . .40, 52, 71, 78 Coolidge, Mary R. (VI-A-3). 80 Corbett, John M. (IV-D-2d). 42 Corle, Edwin (VI-B). 82 Cotton, C. N. (VI-A-2). 78 Cowan, J. L. (VI-A-i). 71 Cozzens, Samuel W. (II-A 1873). 16 Crane, Leo (VI-A-i).71-72 Cranston, Harriet In Steggerda, et ah, 1935-6 (IV-B). 32 Cremony, John C. (II-A 1868). 15 Cronyn, George W. (VI-B). 82 Culin, Stewart (IV-D-7). 53 Cummin, Hazel E. (VI-A-2) 78 Cummings, Byron (VI-A-i, VI-A-3).72, 80 See Wetherill and Cummings Cummings, Emma (VI-A-3) . 80 Cummins, Harold, and Steggerda, Morris (IV-B). 3, Curtis, Charles A. (VI-C). 84 Curtis, Edward S. (IV-D-i, VI-A-i).36, 72 Curtis, Natalie (Mrs. Paul Burlin) (IV-D-5) . 50 Curtis, William E. (IV-D-7). 53 Cushing, Frank H. (II-A 1882, note at end of IV-C-2, IV-D-8).16,36,56 Daa, Ludwig K. (Note at end of IV-C-2).... 36 Dake, Charles L. (III-A). 23 Dane, Carle H., see Sears, Hunt, and Dane Daniels, Helen S. (VI-B). 82 Darlington, Anne C. (V-A-2). 62 Darton, N. H. (III-A). 23


Index of Authors PAGES


Davis, William W. H. (II-A 1857, note at end of IV-C-2) .13,36 Dawson, G. M„ see Tolmie and Dawson De Huff, Elizabeth W. (VI-A-3). 80 De Huff, Elizabeth W., and Grunn, Homer (VI-B). 82 De 1’Isle, Guillaume (II-B 1700). 17 Dellenbaugh, Frederick S. (II-B 1901). 19 In Reports of Powell Colorado River Expe¬ dition (II-A 1869-73). 15 Denburgh, John van (III-B). 26 Densmore, Frances (IV-D-5). 50 Deppa, J. W. (III-B) . 26 Dimock, A. W. (VI-A-i). 72 Dimock, J. A. (VI-A-i). 72 Dixon, L. Maynard (VI-A-i). 72 Dixon, Roland B. (IV-B). 31 See Swanton and Dixon Dodge, Richard E. (VI-A-i). 72 Dodge, Richmond E. (III-A). 23 Dolfin, J. (V-A-2). 62 Domenech, E. H. D. (II-A i860, note at end of IV-C-2) .14, 36 Dominguez, Francisco See Escalante and Dominguez Dory, William (VI-A-i). 72 Dorsey, George A. (IV-D-i). 37 Dorsey, J. O., Matthews, W., and Hoffman, W. J. (IV-C-2). 35 Douglas, Frederic H. (IV-D-2b, IV-D-2C, IV-D-4) .40,41,45 See Jeancon and Douglas Drake, Samuel G. (II-B 1833). 17 Duncan, Emmet (VI-A-3). 80 Dunn, H. H. (VI-A-i). 72 See Armer, 1929 (VI-A-3). 79 Dunn, J. P. (II-B 1886). 19 Dutton, Clarence E. (III-A). 23 Dutton, Dewey See Garth, Serafini, and Dutton Duxbury, W. C. (VI-A-3). 80 Dyk, Walter (IV-D-ac, IV-D-6, IV-D-7) .41, 52, 53 Eaton, J. H. (II-A 1853, IV-C-2, and note at end of IV-C-2).13, 35, 36 Eaton, Theodore H. (III-B). 26 Eaton, Theodore H., Martius, R. N., and Walker, A. J. (III-A). 23 Eaton, Theodore H., Morris, D., and Morris, R. (III-B) . 26 Eaton, Theodore H., and Smith, G. (III-B)... 26 Eckel, Le Charles G. (II-B 1934). 20 Eddy, Lewis H. (VI-A-3). 80 Edwards, Everett E. (III-B). 26 Edwards, Frank S. (II-A 1847). 17 Edwards, Ira (III-A). 23 Eickemeyer, Carl (VI-A-i). 72 Ellis, Robert (Note at end of IV-C-2). 36 Elmore, Francis H. (III-B, IV-D-2d).26, 42

Emory, W. H., Abert, J. W., Cooke, P. St. G., and Johnston, A. R. (II-A 1846-7, V-B-i 30th Cong., 1 sess.).12, 63 Engelhardt, Zephyrin (II-B 1899, V-A-2). .19, 62 Enochs, J. B. (VI-C). . . 84 Escalante, Silvestre de, and Dominguez, Fran¬ cisco A. (II-A 1776-7). 8 Escudero, Jose A. de (II-B 1834).17-18 Espejo, Antonio de (II-A 1582-3). 5 Evans, Bessie, and Evans, May G. (IV-D-4, IV-D-5) .45, 50 Evans (Trader) (VI-A-3). 80 Ewbank, T. See Whipple, Ewbank, and Turner Faris, C. E. (V-A-i, VI-A-2).59, 78 Farish, Thomas E. (II-B 1915). 20 Farmer, Malcolm F. (III-B, IV-A).26, 29 Farnham, Thomas J. (II-A 1846). 12 Farwell, Arthur (VI-B).82-83 Faunce, Hilda (VI-A-i). 72 Featherman, Americus (Note at end of IV-C-i, IV'D-0 .35, 37 Fergusson, Erna (VI-A-i, VI-A-3).72, 80 Fewkes, J. Walter (IV-A, IV-D-2C, IV-D-4, IV-D-7, IV-D-8).29,41,45,53,56 Figuier, Louis (II-B 1872). 19 Fillmore, John C. (IV-D-5, VI-B).50, 83 Fletcher, Alice (IV-D-5). 51 Forrest, E. R. (VI-A-i). 72 Fowler, Jacob (II-A 1821-2). 11 Franciscan Fathers (III-B, IV-A, IV-C-i, note at end of IV-C-2, IV-D-i, IV-D-2C, IV-D3, IV-D-6, V-A-2) 27, 29, 33, 36, 37, 4i, 44, 52, 62 Franke, Betty (VI-A-i). 72 Franke, Paul R. (VI-A-i, VI-A-3) 72, 80 Fryer, E. R., see Arnold, Hoffman, Vogt, Provinse, and Fryer Garces, Francisco (II-A 1775-6). 8 Gardner, W. A. (VI-A-3). 80 Garth, Thomas R. (IV-B, IV-D-7).31, 53-54 Garth, Thomas R., and Barnard, Mary A. (IV-D-7). Garth, Thomas R., Serafini, T. J., and Dutton, Dewey (IV-D-7) . Gates, M. E. In Lake Mohonk Conferences (V-A-i). Gatschet, Albert S. (IV-C-2, and note at end of IV-C-2) .35, Geithmann, H. (VI-A-2). Gibbs, George, and McMasters, S. Y. (II-B 1865) . Gilman, M. French (III-B). Gilmor, Frances (VI-B). Gilmor, Frances, and Wetherill, Louisa (IV-D-6, VI-A-i).52, Gilmore, Charles W. (III-A). Goddard, Pliny E. (IV-A, IV-C-i, IV-D-2a, IV-D-4,IV-D-6, VI-A-3) 29, 33, 38, 45, 52,


54 54 60 36 78 18 27 83 72 24 80

Index of Authors PAGES


Review of Franciscan Fathers, 1910a (IV-D-i). 37 Review of Whitman (VI-A-3). 82 Goodwin, Grenville (IV-D-I, IV-D-3, IV-D-4) 37, 44, 45-46 Goudberg, William (VI-B). 83 Goussard de Mayolle, Jeanne (VI-A-i). 72 Grammer, C. E. In Lake Mohonk Conferences (V-A-i).60 Grant, Mary E. In Steggerda, et al., 1937-8 (IV-B). 32 Gregg, Josiah (II-A 1831-9). 12 Gregory, Herbert E. (III-A). 24 See Campbell and Gregory Greiner, John (II-A 1852). 13 Griffin, Jean (VI-A-3). 80 Gruehl, H. (VI-A-i). 72 Grunn, Homer, see De Huff and Grunn Guernsey, Samuel J. (IV-D-4). 46 See Kidder and Guernsey Guiterman, Arthur (VT-A-3). 80 Gurovits, Odon, Brown, W. C„ and Suplee, E. M. (III-B, V-B-2 52nd Cong., 2 sess.) 27, Gwyther, G. (II-A 1873). Hackett, Charles W. (I, II-B 1937).3, Haddon, A. C. (IV-D-7). Haddon, Kathleen (IV-D-7). Haeberlin, Herman K. (IV-D-4). Haeckel, Josef (IV-D-3). Hagerman, H. J. (V-B-2 72nd Cong., 1 sess., V-B-5 1931-2) .67, See National Association on Indian Affairs, 1931 (V-A-i) . Haile, Berard (IV-A, IV-C-i, IV-D-2C, IV-D2d, IV-D-4, IV-D-5, IV-D-6, IV-D-7, VA-i, V-A-2) 29, 34, 41, 42, 46, 51, 52, 54, 59, Review of Reichard, 1928 (IV-D-3). Haines, E. M. (Note at end of IV-C-2). Hall, Ansel F. (VI-A-i). Hall, M. P. (VI-A-3). Hancock, J. C. (IV-B). Harrington, Isis L. (VT-C). Harrington, John P. (IV-A, IV-C-i, IV-D-8) 29, 34, Harrington, Mark R. (IV-D-2b). Harris, Fern E. (VI-A-2). Harris, S. K., see Wyman and Harris Hartman, Lillian D. (VI-A-i). Haskett, Bert (III-B). Hassell, S. W. (VI-A-i). Havens, O. C. (VI-A-i). Hawley, Florence, see Senter and Hawley Hawthorne, Hildegarde (VI-C). Hayne, Coe S. (VI-B). Henderson, R. (VI-A-3). Herdeg, Walter (VI-A-i). Herzog, George (IV-D-3, IV-D-5).44,

65 16 20 54 54 46 44 69 60

62 44 36 72 80 31 84 56 40 78 72 27 72 73 84 83 81 73 51

Herzog, George, and Hoijer, Harry (IV-D-5). Hesselden, Elizabeth C. (VI-A-2). Hewett, Edgar L. (IV-A). Hibben, Frank C. (IV-A). Hill, Gertrude F. (IV-D-zb, VI-A-2) .40, Hill, Thomas J., see Steggerda and Hill Hill, Willard W. (II-B 1940, III-B, IV-D-2C, IV-D-zd, IV-D-3, IV-D-4, IV-D-6, IV-D-7) 21, 27, 41, 42, 44, 47, 52, See Rabal (II-A 1744) . Hobart, Harry K. (VI-A-x). Hodge, Frederick W. (I, II-B 1895 and 1937, IV-A, note at end of IV-C-i, IV-D-i, IVD-2b, IV-D-2C, V-A-2) 3, 19, 20, 29, 35.37. 4°, 4i. Review of Hollister (IV-D-2a). Review of Matthews, 1902a (IV-D-4). See Amsden, 1934 (IV-D-2a). Hoffman See Klett, Loew, Yarrow, and Hoffman Hoffman, Frederick L. (IV-B). Hoffman, L. T., see Arnold, Hoffman, Vogt, Provinse, and Fryer Hoffman, W. J. See Dorsey, Matthews, and Hoffman Hogg, J. E. (III-B). See Hubbell and Hogg Hogner, Dorothy C. (V-A-i, VI-A-2, VI-C) .59. 78, Hogner, Nils (VI-A-2). Hoijer, Harry (IV-C-i, IV-D-5).34, See Herzog and Hoijer Hoijer, Harry, and Wheelwright, Mary

51 78 29 29 78

(IV-D-5). Hollick, Arthur (III-A). Hollister, U. S. (IV-D-2a). Holmes, W. H. (III-A, IV-B).24, Hoopes, Alban W. (II-B 1932, V-A-i) . . . .20, Hoover, J. W. (III-A). Horner, D. L. (VI-A-i). Horner, Eva M. (IV-D-4). Hough, Walter (IV-C-2, IV-D-2d).35, Howard, E. (VI-A-2). Hrdlicka, Ales (IV-B, IV-D-i, IV-D-6) 31, 37, Hubbell, J. L., and Hogg, J. E. (VI-A-2).... Hughes, John T. See Connelly, William E. (II-A 1848). Hulsizer, Allan (IV-D-7). Humboldt, Al. de (II-B 1808). Hunt, Charles B., see Sears, Hunt, and Dane Hurt, Amy P. (VI-A-i). Hutton, A. G. (V-A-i). Ickes, Anna W. (VI-A-i). Indian Rights Association (V-A-i). Ives, Joseph C. (V-B-i 36th Cong., 1 sess.). .. See Whipple and Ives Jacobi, F. (IV-D-5). Jaeger, Ellsworth (VI-A-i).

51 24 38 31 59 24 73 47 42 78 52 73


54 7 73

62 38 48 38



84 78 51

12 54 17 73 59 73 59 64 51 73

Index of Authors PAGES

James, George W. (IV-D-23, IV-D-2C, VI-A-i, VI-A-2, VI-A-3, VI-C) .38,41,73,78,81,84 James, Marjorie (IV-D-2C) . 41 James, Thomas (II-A 1822). n Jayne, Caroline F. (IV-D-7). 54 Jeancon, Jean A. (VI-B). 83 Jeancon, Jean A., and Douglas, Frederic H. (IV-D-i, IV-D-aa, IV-D-4).37, 38, 47 Jefferys, Thomas (1I-B 1775). 17 Jette, Julius (VI-A-i). 73 Johnson, J. J. (V-A-2). 62 Johnston, A. R. See Emory, Abert, Cooke, and Johnston Johnston, Philip (Il-B 1939, V-A-2, VI-A-i) 21, 62, 73 Johnston, W. R. In Lake Mohonk Conferences (V-A-i). ... 60 Jones, Hester (II-B 1933). 20 Jones, Wilford H. (VI-A-2). 78 Judson, Katharine B. (VI-A-3). 81 Kappler, Charles J. (V-B-2 58th Cong., 2 sess.) 65 Kate, Herman F. C. ten (IV-B, Vl-A-i) .31, 73 Kearns, Thomas (IV-C-2). 35 Keech, R. A. (VI-A-i). 73 Keur, Dorothy (IV-A). 29 Keyes, Charles (III-A). 24 Kidder, Alfred V. (IV-A).29-30 Kidder, Alfred V., and Guernsey, Samuel J. (IV-D-7) . 54 Kimball, Solon T. (III-A, IV-D-2d, IV-D-3, v-A-i) .24, 42, 44, 59 Kirchoff, Paul (IV-C-i). 34 Kirk, Ruth F. (VI-A-i, VI-A-2, VI-A-3, VI-B) 73, 78, 81, Kiser, O. L. (IV-D-3). Kissel, Mary L. (VI-A-2). Klett, Francis, Loew, O., Yarrow, H. C., and Hoffman (IV-C-2) . Kluckhohn, Clyde (IV-B, IV-D-4, IV-D-6, IV-D-7, VI-A-i, VI-A-3)

83 44 78 36

3i, 47, 52,54,73,8i Review of Hill (IV-D-ad). 42 Review of Luomala (IV-D-i). 37 Review of Woodward (IV-D-2b). 40 See Wyman and Kluckhohn Kluckhohn, Clyde, and Wyman, Leland C. (III-B, IV-D-4, IV-D-6).27, 47, 52 Koch, F. J. (VI-A-i). 73 Kroeber, Alfred (IV-D-3). 44 Kroeber, H. R. (VI-A-i). 73 Krzywicki, Ludwik (IV-B). 32 Kuipers, Cornelius C. (IV-D-7, VI-B).54, 83 See Cam pa and Kuipers La Farge, Oliver (IV-D-i, V-A-i, VI-A-i, VIA-3, VI-B).37, 59, 73, 81, 83 See Sloan and La Farge Ladd, Horatio O. (VI-B). 83 Latham, Robert G. (II-B 1850, and note at end of IV-C-2).18, 36

Laut, A. C. (VI-A-i) .73-74 Leigh, W. R. (VI-A-i) 74 Lemos, Pedro J. (VI-A-2) .78 Lethcrman, Jonathan (II-A 1856, IV-D-i) 13, 37 Leupp, Francis E. (IV-D-6, V-A-i, VI-A-i) 52, 60, 74 Lewis, Stephens (V-A-i). 60 Li, Fang-Kuei (IV-C-i).. . 34 Lincoln, Jackson S. (IV-D-4, IV-D-7).47, 54 Lindquist, G. E. E. (V-A-i, V-A-2).60, 62 Linschoten, Hans Hugo van (II-B 1638). 17 Lipps, Oscar H. (IV-D-i, VI-A-i, VI-A-2) 37, 74, 78 Lockett, H. Claiborne (II-B 1939a, III-A, III-B, IV-B, IV-D-7).21, 24, 27, 32, 55 Lockwood, Frank (II-B 1932). 20 Loew, O. (Note at end of IV-C-2). 36 See Klett, Loew, Yarrow, and Hoffman Longwell, C. R., Miser, H. D., Moore, R. C., Bryan, K., and Paige, S. (III-B). 24 Lovering, J. (VI-A-2). 78 Lukcns, G. (VI-A-2). 78 Lummis, Charles F. (VI-A-i, VI-A-2) . 74, 78-79 Luomala, Katharine (IV-D-i). 37 Luxan, Diego Perez de (II-A 1582-3). 5 McCall, George A. (II-A 1868). 15 McCormick, H. (VI-A-i). 74 McGregor, John C. (IV-D-i). 37 McGroarty, John S. (VI-A-i). 74 McIntosh, John (II-B 1843). 18 McKee, Edwin D. (III-A). 24 Mackendrick, M. (VI-A-i). 74 McMasters, S. Y., see Gibbs and McMasters Macomber, Eileen, see Steggerda and Macomber Malcolm, Roy (IV-A, IV-B).30, 32 Malte-Brun, Conrad (II-B 1824). 17 Marchbank, William J. (VI-A-i). 74 Martinex, Xavier (VI-A-i). 74 Martius, R. N. See Eaton, Martius, and Walker Mason, Otis R. (IV-D-2C, IV-D-2d).41, 42 See Shufeldt, 1889a (IV-D-2d). 43 Matthews, Washington (III-B, notes at end of IV-C-i and IV-C-2, IV-D-i, IV-D-aa, IVD-2b, IV-D-2C, IV-D-2d, IV-D-3, IV-D-4, IV-D-5, IV-D-6, IV-D-7, VI-A-i) 27,35. 36,37.38-39. 40.41.

42,44, 47-48,51,52,55, 74 See Brinton (IV-B). 31 See United States, Bureau of American Eth¬ nology (IV-C-i, IV-D-7).35, 55-56 See Dorsey, Matthews, and Hoffman Means, Florence (VI-B). 83 Meany, Edmond S. (VI-A-i). 74 Mendinueta, Gov. (II-A 1772-8). 8 Mera, H. P. (IV-A, IV-D-aa).30, 39 Meriam, Lewis, and associates (V-A-i). 60 Merwin, Bruce W. (IV-D-2b). 40 Meserve, Charles F. (V-A-i). 60

[ 89]

Index of Authors PAGES

Morris, D., see Eaton, Morris, and Morris 74 83 Morris, R., see Eaton, Morris, and Morris Muller, Friedrich (Note at end of IV-C-i) .

35 74 74 24 83

National Association on Indian Affairs (V-A-i) *6l 62 74 40 Newberry, J. S. (III-A, V-B-i 36th Cong., 1 sess.) .24, 64 Newcomb, Franc J. (IV-D-4, IV-D-6, IV-D-7, 81 See Wheelwright and Newcomb Newcomb, Franc J., and Reichard, Gladys A. 49 Newell, W. N. Reviews of Matthews, 1897a and 1902a (IV-D-4). 48 74 Nichols, A. Sidney (IV-C-2, and note at end of IV-C-2) . 36

38. 49, 55 Patterson, George L. (VI-A-2). . 79 Pattie, James O. (II-A 1831). . 12 Peatfield, J. J. (VI-A-2). . 79 Peet, Stephen D. (VI-A-i). .75 Pepper, George H. (IV-A, IV-D-i , IV-D-23, IV-D-2d, IV-D-4, VI-A-3) 30,38,39, 43. 49. 81 Perry, R. (VI-A-i). . 75 Peters, J. Henry (II-A 1850, IV-D-2a). . . .13, 39 Petitot, Emile F. S. J. (II-B 1876, note at end of IV-C-2) ..19, 36 Pfister, Oskar (IV-D-7). . 55 Phelps-Stokes Fund (V-A-i). . 6l Pike, Zebulon M. (II-A 1805-7 and Pilling, James C. (I, notes at end of IV-C-i and IV-C-2). 3, 35. 36 Pino, Pedro Bautista (II-A 1812, note at end of IV-C-2) . .10, 36 Pogue, Joseph E. (IV-D-2b). . 40 Pospisil, Frantisek (IV-D-i). . 38 Pousma, R. H. (IV-B, VI-B). .32, 83 Powell, Clement In Reports of Powell Colorado River Expedition (II-A 1869-73). . 15 Powell, John W. (II-A n.d., IV-C-2 , and note at end of IV-C-2, IV-D-i) .. 17, 36, 38 In Reports of Powell Colorado River Expedition (II-A 1869-73). . 15 Pritchard, James C. (II-B 1843). . . . 18



55 37 74

15. 16, 37-38 Palmer, Frank L. (IV-D-i). 38 Parker, Samuel (II-A 1838). 12 Parkhurst, J. H. (VI-A-i). 75 Parsons, Elsie C. (IV-D-4, IV-D-8).49, 57 See Stephen (IV-D-i, IV-D-4, IV-D-7)


3°, 42. 55 Mindeleff, Victor (IV-D-8). 56 Miser, H. D. (III-A). 24 See Longwell, Miser, Moore, Bryan, and Paige Miser, H. D., Trimble, K. W., and Paige, S. (III-A) . 24 Mitchell, F. G. (IV-C-i, V-A-2, VI-A-i) 34. 62, 74 Moffett, T. C. (V-A-2). 62 Mollhausen, Baldwin (II-A 1858, 1861 and 1862) 14 Monsen, Frederick I. (VI-A-i). 74 Moon, Grace (VI-B). 83 Moon, Grace, and Moon, Karl (VI-C). 84 Mooney, James (IV-C-2, IV-D-4, IV-D-8) 36, 48, 56-57 Review of Matthews, 1897a (IV-D-4). . 48 See United States, Bureau of American Eth¬ nology (IV-D-7).55-56 Moore, J. B. (VI-A-i, VI-A-2).74, 79 Moore, Raymond C. (III-A). 24 See Longwell, Miser, Moore, Bryan, and Paige Moorehead, Warren K. (V-A-i). 60 Morgan, J. C. (V-A-2). 62 Morgan, William (IV-D-4, IV-D-6, IV-D-7)

Niel, Juan Amando (II-A 1679). 6 Nirdlinger, Charles F. (VI-A-i). 74 Norton, W. J. (VI-A-i).74 Nusbaum, Aileen (IV-D-4). 49 Nusbaum, J. L. (IV-D-2b). 40 O’Connell, Daniel T. (IV-D-2d). 42 O’Neale, L. M. Review of Amsden, 1934 (IV-D-2a)..... 38 Oglesby, Catharine (VI-A-2). 79 Ojeda, Bartolome de (II-A 1694).5-6 Opler, Morris E. (IV-D-3) . 44 Orchard, William C. (IV-D-2b) . 40 Orozco y Berra, Manuel (II-B 1864).18 Ostermann, Leopold (IV-A, IV-C-i, IV-D-i, IV-D-2b, IV-D-2d, IV-D-7, V-A-2, VI-A-i, VI-A-2) -30, 34, 37, 40, 43, 55, 62, 75, 79 Overholt, Mary E. (IV-D-4). 49 Pack, Fred J. (III-A). 24 Packard, Robert L. (IV-D-3, IV-D-4).44, 49 Page, Gordon B. (IV-D-2d). 43 Paige, S., see Longwell, Miser, Moore, Bryan, and Paige; see also Miser, Trimble, and Paige Palmer, Edward (II-A 1869 and 1878, IV-D-i)

O -w'

Miller, Edgar K. (V-A-i). 60 Miller, Warren H. (VI-C). 84 Miller, Wick (VI-A-2). 79 Mindeleff, Cosmos (1V-A, IV-D-zd, IV-D-7)

Index of Authors PAGES

Prudden, T. Mitchell (VI-A-i). 75 Provinse, J., see Arnold, Hoffman, Vogt, Provinse and Fryer Reagan, Albert B. (I1I-A, IV-B, IV-D-4, IV-D7, VI-A-i, VI-A-3) . . 24-25, 32, 49, 55, 75, 81 Reedside, J. B., see Bauer and Reedside Reeve, Frank D. (II-B 1937-8 and 1939, VA-t).20, 21, 61 Reichard, Gladys A. (II1-B, IV-D-2a, IV-D-3, IV-D-4, IV-D-6, IV-D-7, VI-A-i) 27. 39. 44, 49, 52, 55, Review of Haile, 1938a (IV-C-i). See Goddard, 1933 (IV-C-i). See Haile, n. d. (IV-D-4). See Newcomb and Reichard Reichard, Gladys A., and Bitanny, Adolph (IV-C-i) . Reisenberg, Sidney H. (VI-A-3). Reiter, Winifred (VI-A-3). Reynolds, D. (VI-A-3). Reynolds, Q. (VI-A-i). Rideing, William H. (II-A 1879). Riordan, M. J. (VI-A-i). Rivera, Pedro de (II-A 1736). Roberts, Frank H. H. (IV-A, IV-D-2c)_30, Roberts, Helen H. (IV-D-5). Roberts, K. L. (VI-A-i). Robinson, Henry H. (III-A). Robinson, Jacob S. (II-A 1848, IV-D-2c). . 12, Robinson, Will H. (VI-B). Rogers, George (VI-A-3). Rollins, Warren (VI-A-3). Romaine, Florence (VI-C). Roosevelt, Theodore (VI-A-i). Royce, Charles C. (V-A-i). Rudhyar, Dane (VI-A-3). Rush, Emmy Matt (VI-A-3). Russell, H. N., Jr. (III-B). Russell, James (VI-A-3). Russell, Richard J. (III-A). Ruxton, George F. (II-A 1848 and 1849). .12, Ryan, Carson W. (V-A-i). Sabin, Edwin L. (II-B 1919). Sage, Rufus B. (II-A 1846). Salsbury, C. G. (IV-B, V-A-2).32, Sandoval, Albert G., sec Sapir and Sandoval Sanson, Nicolas (II-B 1657). Sapir, Edward (IV-A, IV-C-i, IV-D-i, IV-D-4) 3°, 34-35, 38, 49 Sapir, Edward, and Sandoval, Albert G. (IVD-2c) Saunders, C. F. (VI-A-i). Schaeffer, Waldemar, see Allen and Schaeffer Schermerhorn, John F. (II-B 1814). Schoebel, C. (II-A 1875). Scholcs, France V. (II-B 1937-8). Schoolcraft, Henry R. (II-B 1851-60, in note at end of IV-C-2).18, Schultz, James W. (VI-C). Scott, Hugh L. (V-A-i, VI-A-i).61,

75 34 33 46

34 81 81 81 75 16 75 7 41 51 75 25 41 83 81 81 84 75 61 81 81 27 81 25 13 61 20 12 62 17

41 75 17 16 20 36 84 75


Sears, Julian D., Hunt, Charles B., and Dane, Carle H. (III-A). Seltzer, C. C. (IV-B) Senter, Donovan See Malcolm (IV-B). Senter, Donovan, and Hawley, Florence (IV-A, IV-D-7) .....3°, Serafini, T. J., see Garth, Serafini, and Dutton Seymour, Flora W. (V-A-i). Shaw, J. M. (IV-C-2, and note at end of IV-C-2). Shelton, W. T. In Lake Mohonk Conferences (V-A-i). Shoemaker, Samuel (III-A). Shufeldt, Robert W. (IV-B, IV-D-2a, IV-D-ad, IV-D-7, VI-A-i).32, 39, 43, 55, Sides, Dorothy S. (VI-A-i). Simeon (Brother) (VI-A-i). Simpson, James H. (II-A 1849 and 1852, IV-C-2, and note at end of IV-C-2, V-B-i 31st Cong., 1 sess.). 13, 36, Sloan, John, and La Farge, Oliver (VI-A-2) . Smith, Dama Margaret (Mrs. “White Moun¬ tain”) (VI-A-i) . Smith, G., see Eaton and Smith Sniffen, M. K. (V-A-2). Spencer, Katherine See Carr, Spencer, and Woolley Spencer, Lilian W. (VI-A-3, VI-B).81, Sperry, Armstrong (VI-C). Spiegelberg, A. F. (IV-D-2a). Spier, Leslie (IV-D-8). Stacher, S. F. (VI-A-i). Standley, Paul C., see Wooton and Standley Staplin, Frank (VI-A-i). Starr, E. Corey (IV-B). Steele, J. N. (VI-A-i). Steggerda, Morris (IV-B, IV-D-7).32, See Cummins and Steggerda, also Carpenter and Steggerda Steggerda, Morris, and Hill, Thomas J. (IV-B) Steggerda, Morris, and Macomber, Eileen (IV-D-7) . .. Steggerda, Morris, et al. (IV-B, IV-D-7). . .32, Stephen, Alexander M. (IV-D-i, IV-D-2d, IVD-3, IV-D-4, IV-D-7).38, 43, 44, 49, See United States, Bureau of American Eth¬ nology (IV-D-ad). Stevenson, James (IV-D-4). Stevenson, (Mrs.) Matilda C. (IV-D-ab) .... See United States, Bureau of American Eth¬ nology (1V-D-23, IV-D-4).39, Stevenson, P. (VI-A-i). Steward, John F. In Reports of Powell Colorado River Expe¬ dition (II-A 1869-73). Steward, Julian H. (IV-D-7). Stewart, James M. (V-A-i). Stewart, Omcr C. (IV-D-2c). Stotzcnberger, Lt. (III-A).

25 32 32

55 61 36 60 25

75 75 75

63 79 76 62

83 84 39 57 76 76 32 76 55

32 55 55 55 43 49 40 49 76

15 55 61 41 25

Index of Authors PAGES

Sullivan, Belle S. (VI-A-i). 76 Suplee, E. M. See Gurovits, Brown, and Suplee Swan, A. M. (VI-A-i, Vl-A-3).76, 82 Swanton, John R., and Dixon, Roland B. (IV-A) . 30 Swinnerton, L. S. (VI-A-i). 76 Tanner, Clara L., and Connolly, Florence (IV-D-7). 55 Telford, E. P. (VI-A-i). 76 ten Broeck, P. G. S. (II-A 1852). 13 Thomas, Alfred B. (I, II-B 1932 and 1935) 3, 20 See Mendinueta (II-A 1772-8). 8 Thompson, Almon H. (IV-C-2, and note at end of IV-C-2). 36 In Reports of Powell Colorado River Expe¬ dition (II-A 1869-73).15-16 Thompson, Stith (IV-D-4). 49 Thorndike, Rachel S. (V-A-i). 61 Thummel, U. R. (II-B 1848). 18 Tolmie, F., and Dawson, G. M. (Note at end of IV-C-2). 36 Townsend, J. G. (IV-B).32-33 Tozzer, Alfred M. (IV-D-4). 49 See A. C. Haddon (IV-D-7). 54 Trimble, K. W. See Miser, Trimble, and Paige Trumbull, J. H. See Amy (IV-C-2). 35 Tschopik, Harry, Jr. (IV-D-2c). 41 Turner, William W. (II-B 1852, IV-B, IV-C-2, and note at end of IV-C-2).18, 33, 36 See Whipple, Ewbank, and Turner Twitchell, Ralph E. (I, II-B 1911-7).3, 19 United States, Bureau of American Ethnology (IV-A, IV-C-i, IV-D-aa, IV-D-2d, IV-D-4, IV-D-7).30, 35, 39, 43, 49-50, 55-56 United States, Bureau of the Census (IV-B) 33 United States, Department of Agriculture, Soil Conservation Service (III-A, III-B, IV-B, IV-D-2d, IV-D-3, V-A-i) 25. 27, 33, 43. 44-45. 61 United States, Indian Affairs Office (III-A)... 25 United States, Weather Bureau (III-A). 25 Vandiver, Vincent W. (III-A). 25 Van Valkenburgh, Richard F. (II-B 1938c, III-A, IV-A, IV-D-3, IV-D-4, IV-D-6, IVD-7, V-A-i, VI-A-i) 21,25,30, 45, 50,52, 56,61,76 See Farmer (III-B). 26 See Woodward (IV-D-2b). 40 Van Valkenburgh, Richard F., and Begay, Scotty (IV-D-4). 50 Van Vleet, T. Stanton (IV-D-4). 50 Vargas, Don Diego de (II-A 1696). 6 Vater, J. S., see Adclung and Vater Vaughn, A. P. (VI-A-2). 79 Verplanck, James DeL. (VI-A-i). 76 Vestal, Paul (III-B). 27


Villa-Senor y Sanchez, Joseph Antonio dc (II-B 1746-8) . Vogt, E. Z., see Arnold, Hoffman, Vogt, Provinse, and Fryer Vogt, Evon Z., Jr. (VI-A-i) . Wake, C. Staniland (IV-D-4). .... Walker, A. J., see Eaton, Martius, and Walker Wallace, D. (VI-A-i). Walton, Eda Lou (IV-D-5, VI-C) . 51, Walton, Eda Lou, and Waterman, T. T.


76 50 76 84

(IV-D-5) . .. 51 Washburne, Marion (Foster) (VI-A-3) . 82 Waterman, T. T., see Walton and Waterman Waters, Frank (VI-A-3). 82 Watkins, Frances E. (IV-D-4). 50 Watson, Don (VI-A-i). 76 Watson, Editha (IV-B). 33 Wattles, R. J. (VI-A-3). 82 Weber, Anselm (IV-D-4, IV-D-6, V-A-i, VA-2, V-B-5 1937).50, 53, 61, 63, 70 Welsh, Herbert (V-A-i). 61 Weltfish, Gene (IV-D-2C) . 41 Wetherill, John (IV-A, IV-D-6).30, 53 Wetherill, Fanny (VI-A-i). 76 Wetherill, Hilda (Mrs.) (VI-A-i).76 Wetherill, Louisa (Lulu W.) See Mackendrick (VI-A-i). 74 See Gilmor and Wetherill Wetherill, Lulu W., and Cummings, Byron (IV-D-4).50 Wetherill, Mrs. Richard (IV-D-6, VI-A-i) 53, 76 Wheelwright, Mary C. (IV-D-4).50 See Hoijer and Wheelwright Wheelwright, Mary C., and Newcomb, Franc J. .(IV-D-4). 50 Whipple, Amiel W. (IV-C-2, and note at end of IV-C-2) . 36 Whipple, A. W., Ewbank, T., and Turner, W. (II-A 1853-4, V-B-i 33rd Cong., 2 sess.) *3. 63 Whipple, William D. (IV-C-2, and note at end of IV-C-2) . 36 Whipple, W., and Ives, J. C. (V-B-i 33rd Cong., 2 sess.). 63 See Harper's Magazine (II-B 1858). 18 White, W. J. H. (IV-B, V-B-i 34th Cong., 1 sess.).33, 63-64 Whitman, William (VI-A-3). 82 Whittemore, Mary (IV-D-2a). 39 Willard, Celeste N. (IV-C-2, and in note at end of IV-C-2). 36 Wilson, C. M. (V-A-i). .61 Wilson, Edward F. (IV-C-i, and in notes at end of IV-C-i and IV-C-2, VI-A-i) 35, 36, 76 Wissler, Clark (IV-B, VI-A-i).. 33, 76 Woehlke, W. W. (V-A-i).61 Woodbury, George, and Woodbury, Edna T. (IV-B) . 33 Woods, Betty (VI-A-i, VI-A-2, VI-A-3) 76, 79, 82

Index of Authors PAGES


Woodward, Arthur (II-A 1863, IV-D-2b). .14, 40 Woolley, Doriane See Carr, Spencer, and Woolley Wooton, Elmer O., and Standley, Paul C. (III-B). Wootton, Thomas P. (I1I-A). Wyman, Leland C. (IV-D-4). Review of Dyk (IV-D-7). See Kluckhohn and Wyman Wyman, Leland C., and Amsden, Charles A. (IV-D-2a). Wyman, Leland C., and Harris, S. K. (III-B).

27 25 50 53

39 27

Wyman, Leland C., and

Kluckhohn, Clyde

(IV-D-4). Yarrow, H. C. (II-A 1881, IV-D-7).16, See Klett, Loew, Yarrow, and Hoffman Yazzie, Cora Ben Gould (VI-A-3). Yealth, Sarah (VI-A-2). Young, Stella (III-B, IV-D-2d).27, See Bryan and Young Youngblood, B. (IV-D-2d, V-B-5 1937) . .43, Zarate Salmeron, Fray Geronimo de (II-A 1626) . Zeh, William H. (V-B-5 I931'2).


50 56 82 79 43 70 5 69

la 016.9703 K711b A bibliography of the Navaho Indians,

3 2754

OOO 201 B1&