A Bibliography of David Hume and of Scotish Philosophy from Francis Hutcheson to Lord Balfour

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HIS work is offered as an objective record of one of the most remarkable phases of two centuries of Scottish culture. What I first set my hand to was a bibliography of Hume

alone ;

but the search for contemporary literature about him

brought me into the presence of a national philosophical activity so much richer than even M’Cosh’s Scottish Philosophy had led me to expect that I felt obliged to make of it too a bibliographical record.

What thus began as an appendix has grown bigger than

the original part, has added a few years to my searching, and, because of the expense of printing, has prevented me from carrying the original part quite as far as I at first intended. Of Hume’s works every edition that appeared in his lifetime has, I believe, been catalogued here, and probably almost all the sub¬ sequent editions whether in English or in translation.

The list of

writings about him is incomplete for the reason mentioned, but it is full enough to give a proportioned view of the range, geographical as well as chronological, of the interest he excited.

One work, an

abstract of the Treatise (p. 14), is here referred to Hume which has hitherto been attributed to Adam Smith ; it does not seem to have been known at first hand by Hume’s biographers and expositors. None of these mentions his responsibility for the publication of an English version of a German’s memoirs of Russia (p. 39).


the incidental scraps that a bibliography can give may be mentioned the noting of a cancel in the first edition of the Principles of Morals (p.


the dating on strictly bibliographical grounds of his

Scotticisms (p. 26), and the tracing of the changes of contents in the successive editions of the Essays.

Where possible, the original





prices of Hume’s books, his agreements with his publishers, the time taken to write a work, and the interval between the despatch of a manuscript and its publication, have been noted, as data for the student of the history of authorship and publishing. The scope of the part dealing with Scottish philosophy, one feature of which is the inclusion of contemporary reviews of the books listed, is easier to describe than to define. to begin with Hutcheson :

It obviously had

although he was not in the strictest

sense a Scot, it was he who broke the Scholastic tradition in Scotland, introduced the method and outlook of Locke, and first used English formally in the lecture-room of a Scottish university.

But to list

Hutcheson without going back to his teacher Carmichael would be to omit a transitional figure as well as to lack pietas ;

and when

Carmichael is included one must add his more famous contempo¬ rary, the Chevalier Ramsay.

Thereafter no difficulty of inclusion

and exclusion arises until the third quarter of the nineteenth century, when the irruption of German influence destroyed the dominance of the Hutchesonian tradition.

The new philosophy of Germany

had, indeed, been noticed in Scotland long before this.

The first

English translations of Kant were made by a Scotsman, John Richardson, before the opening of the century (1797, 1798-9 ; also 1819) ;

the historian Niebuhr, writing from Edinburgh in 1799,

speaks of Kant as already known there ;

and Thomas Brown’s

discussion in the Edinburgh Review, 1803, of Villers’ Philosophic de Kant is the first written notice we have of Kant by a British philo¬ sopher of standing.

This early attention in Scotland to the German

thinker was, however, uncomprehending and, until we come to Hamilton, ineffective (see Kant in England 1793-1838 by R. Wellek, 1931, Princeton).

Hamilton’s European outlook was shared by

another Scotsman, J. D.

Morell, whose Speculative Philosophy of

Europe (1846) supplied the first extended account in English of the contemporary thought of the Continent. The new idealism, introduced straight from Germany by Stirling



in 1865, and powerfully sponsored by the two Cairds, who received it from Oxford, evoked the most impressive achievement of Scottish philosophical thought of the century ; but it was not distinctively Scottish, and was so closely fused with the like movement in England that it would be best treated bibliographically along with this. Hamilton and Ferrier, however, do not belong to it.

The former,

for all his cosmopolitan erudition and his concession to Kant, remained at heart within the school of Reid ; and Ferrier, though a lonely figure, strongly maintained that his philosophy was au¬ thentically Scottish. in my survey.

These two, therefore, have had to be included

Robert Adamson (1852-1902), whose final thought

was near to the native line, had been too long and too deeply influenced by the idealistic movement to be given a place.


Drummond (1851-97) would have been included if his Natural Law in the Spiritual World (1883) and his Ascent of Man (1894) had had any perceptible repercussions in philosophical circles.

All living

writers are excluded, except in the list of Gifford Lectures. The second part, then, may be taken as the dry annals of what has been continuous in the philosophical temper and thought of Scotland since it modernized itself under Hutcheson—a liberal empiricism with an introspective bias in ethics



widening as it ranged through historical, sociological, physical and physiological studies into a philosophical attitude which, with growing objectivity, has given the major prerogatives to the in¬ timations of experience rather than to the decrees of abstract thinking. What the causes were of this general and sustained interest in philosophy is a question that cannot be pursued in a mere preface. It is worth observing, however, that of the 79 writers treated in the second part nearly a half were ministers of religion, and more than half were holders of university chairs.

The first fact is only a

statistical gloss on what everybody knows, namely, that the Scottish mind is both deeply religious and

deeply intellectual.




conjunction is the root of its philosophical interests.

The other fact

has to be connected with a change in the organization of teaching which was effected in the five universities of Scotland (until i860 there were two universities at Aberdeen) in the course of the eight¬ eenth century.

Under the old system each tutor, called a regent,

carried his class through the four years of the Arts course in all its subjects.

In 1708 at Edinburgh, 1727 at Glasgow, 1747 at St.

Andrews, 1753 at Marischal College, and 1798 at King’s College, regenting was abolished and chairs instituted, thereby making it possible for tutors to research intensively, to develop their own ideas, and to speak and write with the authority of specialists. With not one professor of philosophy but two in each university, and with philosophy as an unavoidable subject in the Arts curricu¬ lum (until the relatively recent introduction of specialized honours courses), it was natural—given the Scottish mind—that the subject should become an accepted and treasured element of the national culture.

The fame of it spread.

From about the middle of the

eighteenth to the middle of the nineteenth century there was probably far more Scottish than English philosophy read in England. This, I think, is what the following lists attest.

And not for philo¬

sophy only did the English read the Scottish philosophers : for the principles of literary criticism they turned to Alison, Blair, George Campbell and Lord Karnes ;

for English history to Hume and

Mackintosh ; for Roman history to Ferguson ; and for economics to Hume and Smith.

To add Smollett and Robertson to the

historians and Steuart to the economists would take me outside the philosophical circle, but two famous geologists, Croll and Hutton, appear in the following pages.

Interest abroad is indicated by the

number of translations into French, German and Italian that appeared within the same period.

To find the now forgotten

David Fordyce, who died at the early age of forty, described in Germany six years after his death as “ celebrated ”, makes one realize how closely the philosophical literature of Scotland was being followed on the Continent.



Every entry and reference in these lists not marked with an asterisk has been made from the book or article it records.


could not have verified several thousand items without imposing on the magnificent patience of the staffs of the libraries I have had to visit.

To a few friends who have sent me transcriptions of

title-pages and other particulars I am very grateful, especially to Dr. R. Metz of Heidelberg, who has remedied many a deficiency in my own search among German libraries.

It was he who impor¬

tuned me, when I was preparing a detailed bibliography of George Berkeley (published by the Oxford University Press in 1934), to undertake a similar survey of Hume, and his “ Bibliographic der Hume-Literatur ” in the Literarische Berichte aus dem Gebiete der Philosophie, 1927, Heft 15-16, formed my starting-point.


I must thank the publishers for their skill and taste in devising an appropriate lay-out. T. E. Jessop.

Hull, November, 1937.


Abbreviations, Signs, &c.


Hume— Life : chronological outline



Collected Works : Hume’s own collection (Essays & Treatises) . . Posthumous collections and selections ... Collections and selections in translation ...

5 8 9

Works published by Hume, and translations of these : 1739-4°. Treatise concerning human understanding . 12 1741. Essays moral and political . . 15 1748. Account of Stewart . . . . .18 1748. Philos, essays (Enquiry concerning human understanding) . . . . .19 Essay on Miracles, p. 20.

1751. Enquiry concerning the principles of morals. 1752. Political Discourses ..... c. 1752. Scotticisms ...... 1754-62. History of Great Britain .... 1757. Four dissertations 1759. Letter to Critical Review .... 1766. Account of dispute with Rousseau . . Other literary activities ......

22 23 26 27 33 37 37 38

Posthumously published works : Two essays ........ Autobiography ....... Dialogues concerning natural religion ... Minor papers .......

39 39 40 42




Works on Hume : Biography, correspondence and miscellanea . . On the quarrel with Rousseau .... On his History ....... On his political and economic writings ... xi

43 48

49 52




On his philosophy— Great Britain, Ireland and America • • • 53 Germany and Austria . . . . .61 Other countries ...... 67 Scottish Philosophy—

Chronological list of authors General : Biography and background Philosophical





-77 78

Authors, in alphabetical order






The Gifford Lectures .




Index of Names




.185 Tni

ABBREVIATIONS, SIGNS, &c. Some of these explanations are included for foreign readers. Auto. Burton

Hume’s Autobiography. J. H. Burton’s Life and Correspondence of David Hume. 2 vols. 1846. Edin. D.N.B. Dictionary of National Biography. 1885 onwards. London. Edin. Edinburgh. Educ. Educated. Greig. J. Y. T. Greig’s Letters of David Hume. 2 vols. 1932. Oxford. 1. 11. Leaf, leaves. Lpzg. Leipzig. Lond. London. n.d. No date on title-page. N.Y. New York. n.pl. No place on title-page. pr. Printed. repr. Reprint, or reprinted. Thomson. Biographical Dictionary of Eminent Scotsmen. New edition revised by Thomas Thomson. 3 vols. 1870. Lon¬ don. t-p. Title-page. * Precedes an edition or reference which has not been verified by actual inspection. Dates, places and names so enclosed are not on the [] title-page, or, in the case of contributions to periodi¬ cals, not given in the article. Dates not so enclosed are those of the imprint. When they are erroneous, either because they are Old Style or because of publication at the end of the year preceding, the correct dates are given in the notes. “ Edin. & Lond.” Place-names so joined indicate a single imprint. “ Edin. ; also Lond.” indicates a separate issue in each place. Xlll





“ Second edition Such designations are those of the title-page. For the chaotic numbering of, e.g., the editions of Combe’s Constitution of Man and of some of Forbes’s works I am not responsible. A name in capitals indicates that the writer named is among those of whom bibliographies are given in the section on Scottish Philosophy. In the section on Scottish Philosophy the order of entries under each name is—collected works and selections ; in¬ dividual works with their translations ; biographical and miscellaneous writings on the author ; writings on his philosophy. Under each of these headings the order of items is chronological.


HUME'S LIFE: CHRONOLOGICAL OUTLINE 1711, April 26. Born at Edinburgh. 1723-5 (?). At Edinburgh University. 1734. A few months in Bristol. 1734 summer to 1737 autumn. In France, composing the Treatise. 1737 autumn to 1739 Feb. In London, revising and seeing to publication of the Treatise. ,1739 Feb. to 1740 March. At Ninewells. 1740 March to 1744 Aug. In Edinburgh. In 1744 an unsuccessful candidate for Chair of Moral Philosophy at Edin¬ burgh University. Then at Ninewells. 1745 April to 1746 April. Companion to Marquess of Annandale at Weldehall, near St. Albans. 1746, May. To Brittany as secretary to General St. Clair’s ex¬ pedition. Still there in October. 1747 June, in London ; Aug. to Nov. at Ninewells ; 1748 Jan., in London again. 1748, Feb. To the Continent as secretary to Gen. St. Clair’s embassy to Vienna and Turin. In London April



1750 April to 1751 July. At Ninewells. 1751 summer to 1758 Aug. In Edinburgh. In 1751 an unsuc_ cessful candidate for Chair of Logic at Glasgow (vacated by Adam Smith’s transference to Chair of Moral Philosophy). 1752-7, Keeper of the Advo¬ cates’ Library, Edinburgh. 1758 Sept, to 1759 autumn, in London ; then in Edinburgh till July 1763 (except for visit to London 1761 Sept, to . Dec.) ; 1763 Sept, in London. 1763 Oct. to 1766 Jan. In Paris as secretary to British Embassy under Earl of Hertford. For the last half-year he was Charge d’Affaires. 1766 Jan. to Sept. In London. Brought Rousseau with him from France. Then in Edinburgh till Feb. 17^7* 1767 Feb. to 1768 July. In London as Under-Secretary of State. In London till Aug. 1769. 1769 Aug. to 1776. In Edinburgh (except for visit to London and Bath, May-June 1776). 1776, Aug. 25. Died at Edinburgh. Buried on Calton Hill. 3

COLLECTED WORKS HUME’S OWN COLLECTION OSS’6- Essays and treatises on several subjects. London. 4 vols. i2mo. I753- Vol. I. Containing essays, moral and political. The fourth edition corrected, with additions. [Second t-p.] Essays moral and political . . . The third edition, corrected, with additions. Pr. for A. Millar & A. Kincaid. 3 11. (t-p ; t-p ; contents), 1-312. Apparently the sheets of the separate 1748 ed. of the Essays. 1756. Vol. II. Containing philosophical essays concerning human understanding. The third edition, with additions and corrections. Pr. for A. Millar. 2 11. (t-p ; contents), 1-250. Contents as 1st ed. 1753- Vol. III. Containing an enquiry concerning the principles of morals. The second edition. Pr. for A. Millar. 2 11. (t-p ; contents), 1-257, 1 E °f Millar’s adverts. Contents as 1st ed. 1754. Vol. IV. Containing political discourses. The third edition, with additions and corrections. Pr. for A. Millar ; & for A. Kincaid & A. Donaldson, Edinburgh. 2 11. (t-p ; contents), 1-270. Contents as 1st ed. 1758. Same. A new edition. Lond. (pr. for A. Millar; & for A. Kincaid & A. Donaldson, Edin.). 1 vol. 4to. 4 11. (t-p ; Hume’s advert, recto, verso publishers’ advert, of Hume’s History vols. 1 & 2 ; contents 2 11.), 1-539 (index 531-9)Contents—Essays moral political and literary, Pt. I (essays 1-24 as 1748 ed. except that 15 is re-entitled “Of civil liberty ” ; 25 “ Of tragedy,” 26 “ Of the standard of taste,” both from the Four Dissertations) ; Pt. II (Polit. 5




discourses with addition of “ Of the original contract ” and “ Of passive obedience,” which were 25 & 26 in Essays of 1748 ed.). Enquiry cone, human understanding (new title for Philos, essays of 1748). Dissertation on the passions (from the Four Diss.). Enquiry cone, the principles of morals. Natural history of religion (from the Four Diss.). 1760. Same. Lond. (as 1758). 4vols. i2mo. 3 11. (t-p ; contents ; hf. title), 3-395 ; 3 11. (t-p ; contents ; hf. title), 3-379 ; 3 11. (t-p ; contents ; hf. title), 3-299 ; 4 11. (t-p ; contents 2 11. ; hf. title), 3-352 (no index). Changes of contents—No. 2 of Essays Pt. II (“ Of luxury ”) re-entitled “ Of refinement in the arts,” and to the same part are added two new essays, “ Of the jealousy of trade ” and “ Of the coalition of parties,” which had been printed and circulated separately between 1758 and 1760 (on four sheets, the first headed “Two additional essays ” ; paginated 187-9 and 265-9 for insertion in the 1758 ed.). 1764. Same. Lond. (as 1758). 2 vols. La. 8vo. 3 11. (t-p ; con¬ tents ; hf. title of Essays mor. pol. and lit.), 3-556 ; 5 11. (hf. title ; t-p ; contents 2 11. ; hf. title of Enquiry cone, understanding)r 3-503 (inch index). Changes of contents—Omits 3? 6 & 7 of Essays of 1741 from Essays Pt. I, and adds to Enquiry cone, morals appen¬ dix iii, “ Of some verbal disputes,” which had hitherto been (though now revised) the first part of sec. vi of this Enquiry. 1767. Same. Lond. (as 1758). 2 vols. As 1764 ed. 1768. Same. Lond. (pr. for A. Millar; A. Kincaid, J. Bell & A. Donaldson in Edin. ; & sold by T. Cadell in the Strand). 2 vols. 4to. 3 11. (t-p ; contents ; hf. title of Essays mor. pol. and lit.), 3-582 ; 3 11. (t-p ; contents ; hf. title of Enquiry cone, understanding), 3-508 and 16 pp. index. Contents as 1764 ed. Has engraved portrait by Ravenet after John Donaldson. Of the drawing before it was engraved Hume wrote, “ In every body’s opinion, as well as my own, the likest that has been done for me ” (Greie 11, p. 169). v 6’ 1770. Same. Lond. (pr. for T. Cadell ; & for A. Kincaid & A Donaidson, Edm ). 4 vols. 8vo. 1-329 ; 1-376 ; 1-298 ; 1-371 (inch index) : each preceded by 2 11. (t-p ; contents). Contents as 1764 ed. except that in Essays Pt. I, no. 13,





“ Of avarice,” and the note on Walpole (originally 12 in 1742 ed.) are omitted, and 14 is re-entitled “ Of the dignity or meanness of human nature ” ; and the longer notes are for the first time collected at the end of each volume and lettered. 1772. Same. Lond. 2 vols. 8vo. Contents as 1770 ed. 1777. Same. Lond. (pr. for T. Cadell ; & for A. Donaldson & W. Creech, Edin.). 2 vols. La. 8vo. 3 11. (t-p. ; contents ; hf. title of Essays mor. pol. and lit.), 3-571 ; 5 11. (t-p ; Hume’s advert. ; contents 2 11. ; hf. title of Enquiry cone, understanding), 3-527 (inch index). Contents as 1770 ed. except that a new essay, “ Of the origin of government,” is added to Essays Pt. I ; the appendices to the Enquiry cone, morals are increased to four, “ Of self-love ” (transferred from pt. 1 of sec. 2 of this Enquiry) being added ; and prefixed to vol. 2 (which contains all except Essays I & II) is the advertisement in which Hume repudiates the Treatise and announces his wish “ that the following pieces may alone be regarded as containing his philosophical sentiments and principles.” This, though posthumously published, is Hume’s own definitive edition of his works. He sent off the last cor¬ rections to Strahan a fortnight before his death, with the premonitory note, “ This, dear sir, is the last correction I shall probably trouble you with : for Dr. Black has promised me, that all shall be over with me in a very little time : this promise he makes by his power of prediction, not that of prescription. And indeed I consider it as good news : for of late, within these few weeks, my infirmities have so multiplyed, that life has become rather a burthen to me ” (Greig, II, p. 331). Posthumous Editions, except in other Collections. 1779, 2 vols. 8vo. Dublin; 1784, 2 vols. 8vo. London; 1788, 2 vols. 8vo. London. “ To which are added, Dialogues cone, natural religion ” ; *1793, 4 vols. 8vo. Basle. “ To which are added . . . religion” ; 1800, 2 vols. 8vo. Edin.; 1804, 2 vols. 8vo. Edin. ; *1806, 3 parts in 1 vol. i6mo. Paris ; 1809, 2 vols. 8vo. Edin. ; 1822, 2 vols. 8vo. London. “ To which are added, Dialogues . . . religion ”; 1825, 2 vols. 8vo. Edin. ; 1860, 2 vols. 8vo. London (Whitehall & Co. First issued in sixpenny parts) ;




1870, i vol. 8vo. London (Murray. Title “ Essays, literary, moral, and political” but contents as 1777 ed. above. Repr. [1872], London, Murray; [1875], London, Ward Lock & Tyler ; 1894, London, Routledge).

POSTHUMOUS COLLECTIONS AND SELECTIONS [1782]. The beauties of Hume and Bolingbroke. Lond. xxxii, 262. 1825. The philosophical works of David Hume. A new edition. Including all the essays, and exhibiting the more important alterations and corrections in the successive editions pub¬ lished by the author. Edinburgh (Constable). 4 vols. 8vo. Vol. I. Advert. Editions collated and referred to. Autobiography. Smith’s letter to Strahan, Nov. 9, 1776. Hume’s will. Account of dispute with Rousseau. Scotticisms. Treatise bk. I. Vol. II. Treatise II & III. Dialogues cone, natural religion. Vol. III. Essays moral, political and literary, parts I & II. Vol. IV. Enquiry cone, understanding. Diss. on the passions. Enq. cone, morals. Natural history of religion. Additional essays (i.e. seven omitted, and the two suppressed, by Hume). 1826. Same. Edinburgh (Black & Tait). 4 vols. 8vo. 1854. Same. Boston & Edin. (pr. at Cambridge, Mass.). 4 vols. 8vo. [1834]. The beauties of Hume, consisting of selections from his works. By Alfred Howard. Lond. i2mo. Pp. 188. 1874-5. The philosophical works of David Hume. Edited by T. H. Green and T. H. Grose. London (Longmans). 4 vols. 8vo. Vols. I & II (1874). Treatise of human nature . . . and dialogues cone, natural religion. Edited with preliminary dissertations and notes. Vols. Ill & IV (1875). Essays moral, political and literary . . . Edited with preliminary disserta¬ tions and notes. Contents—Autobiography. Smith’s letter to Strahan. History of the editions (by




Grose). List of editions. Essays parts I & II. Enquiry cone, understanding. Diss. on the passions. Enq. cone, morals. Natural history of religion. Essays withdrawn. Unpublished essays. Dedication of the Four Dissertations. Descent on the coast of Brittany. Scotticisms. * Vols. I & II repr. 1875, 1878, 1882, 1886, 1890, 1898, 1909 ; III & IV 1882, 1889, 1898, 1907, 1912. I owe these dates to the publishers. Green’s preliminary dissertation on the Treatise was included in vol. I of Green’s Works, 1885. Reviewed in Quarterly Rev., Lond., vol. 149 (1880), PP- 287-330. 1894. English prose. Ed. by H. Craik. Lond. Vol. 4, pp. 189-206. 1904. Essays moral, political and literary. Auswahl mit Anmerkungen von Gerhard Budde. Heidelberg. [1928]. Hume. Selections. Ed. with intro, by C. W. Hendel. London (also New York). Sm. 8vo. xxv, 401.

COLLECTIONS AND SELECTIONS IN TRANSLATION 1754-6. Herrn David Hume, Esq. Vermischte Schriften. 4 vols. Hamburg & Leipzig. 1754* Vol. I- Ueber die Handlung, die Manufacturen . . . und die andern Quellen des Reichtums und der Macht eines Staates. [Trans, by H. A. Pistorius.] 1755. Vol. II. Philos. Versuche iiber die menschliche Erkenntnis von David Hume, Ritter. Als dessen vermischter Schriften zweyter Theil. [Trans, by J. G. Sulzer.] It is generally supposed that Kant’s first-hand knowledge of Hume was confined to this translation. 1756. Vol. III. Herrn David Hume, Esq. Sittenlehre der Gesellschaft. Als dessen vermischter Schriften dritter Theil. 1756. Vol. IV. Herrn David Hume, Esq. Moralische und politische Versuche. Als dessen vermischter Schriften vierter und letzter Theil.




1758- 60. Oeuvres philosophiques de Mr. D. Hume. 5 vols. Sm. 8vo. Amsterdam (Schneider). Only vols. 3 & 4 have above general title, and on half-title only ; 5 has as hf.-title “ Oeuvres de Mr. Hume ” ; the hf.-titles of 1 & 2 bear only “ Essais philosophiques ...” Vols. 3-5 have vol. no. on hf.-title only. 1758. Vols. I & II. Essais philosophiques sur l’entendement humain . . . Avec les Quatres Philosophes du meme auteur. [Trans, by J. B. Merian. Preface by J. H. S. Formey.] The “ Four Philosophers ” are essays 6-9 of Essays moral and political, vol. II, 1742. 1759. Vol. III. Histoire naturelle de la religion . . . Avec un examen critique et philosophique de cet ouvrage. [Trans, by Merian.] 1759. Vol. IV. Diss. sur les passions, sur la tragedie, sur la regie du gout. [Trans, by Merian.] 1760. Vol. V. Essais de morale ou recherches sur les principes de la morale. [Trans, by J. B. R. Robinet.] 1759- Oeuvres philos. de Mr. Hume, tomes I & II. Same pub¬ lisher. Vols. Ill & IV above with new title-pages. 1759-64. Oeuvres de Mr. Hume. 5 vols. Sm. 8vo. Amsterdam (Schneider). All marked “ seconde edition” except vol. V. 1764. Vol. I. Essais moraux et politiques. The 26 essays of 1748 ed. 1761. Vol. II. As vols. I & II of 1758 above, omitting the “ Four Philosophers.” 1759. Vol. III. As vol. Ill of 1759 above. 1759- Vol. IV. As vol. IV of 1759 above. 1760. Vol. V—this is vol. V above. 1764. Oeuvres philosophiques de M. Hume. Nouvelle edition. 6 vols. 8vo. London (David Wilson). Reprint of the 1759-64 edition. 1767. Pensees philosophiques, morales, critiques, litteraires et politiques de M. Hume. Londres [? Paris]. i2mo. Selections trans. by [J. A. J. de Boulmiers]. 1770. Le genie de M. Hume. Londres [? Paris]. i2mo. Selections.





1774. Das Genie des Hrn. Hume. Oder Sammlung der vorziiglichsten Grundsatze dieses Philosophen. Leipzig. Selections. 1788. Oeuvres philos. de M. D. Hume. Nouvelle edition. 7 vols. Sm. 8vo. Londres [? Paris]. A reprint of the 1759-64 edition except that the contents are differently ordered and that vol. 7 is an addition, containing seven of the Political Discourses of 1752 trans. by Mile, de la Chaux (see under Polit. Disc., Translations,


1912. Oeuvres philos. choisies traduites . . par Maxime David . . . Preface de L. Levy-Bruhl. 2 vols. Large 8vo. Paris (Alcan). Vol. I, Essay on human understanding, and Dialogues cone, natural religion (the trans. of both these was begun by G. Tanesse and finished by David) ; vol. II, the Treatise. New ed. of vol. II, 1930. [1924]. Spinoza, Locke, Leibnitz, Berkeley, Hume. Opere scelte ed inquadrate nella storia del pensiero moderno. Naples (Aliotta’s Classici del pensiero, vol. 3).

WORKS PUBLISHED BY HUME AND TRANSLATIONS OF THESE TREATISE CONCERNING HUMAN UNDERSTANDING Hume says {Greig, I, p. 158; cp. his advert, to 1777 ed. of Essays and Tr.) that the Treatise was “ plan’d before I was one and twenty, and compos’d before twenty five ” ; and {Auto.) that he wrote it in France (1734-7), chiefly at La Fleche. In Dec. 1737 he was negotiating with the publisher and at the same time “ cas¬ trating my work . . . that is, endeavouring it shall give as little offence as possible, before which, I could not pretend to put it into the Doctor’s [Bp. Butler’s] hands” {Greig, I, p. 25). Vols. I and II appeared at the end of Jan., 1739 (cp. letter of Feb. 13 in Greig, I, p. 26 ; they were announced in Gentleman’s Mag., Jan., vol. 9, p. 52). The price of the pair was 1 os. According to the agreement with the publisher Noon (now in the library of the Royal Scty. of Edin.) an edition of 1,000 copies was to be issued, and Hume was to receive £50 and 12 bound copies ; in a letter to Hutcheson {Greig, I, p. 38) he says that he received 50 guineas and had to undertake to take all unsold copies “ at the bookseller’s price ” if and when he should issue a second edition. These conditions led him to seek another publisher for vol. Ill, although Noon was willing to publish this also {ib., p. 32). Vol. Ill could not have been published before the summer of 1740, for Hume was making his final revision as late as March {ib., p. 36) : he had sent the MS. for scrutiny to Hutcheson. The work attracted little attention, though Hume’s famous remark in the Auto, that “ it fell dead-born from the press ” is stronger than the expressions he used in 1739-40 and must be greatly modified in the light of Noon’s willingness to publish vol. III. At first Hume attributed the failure to the abstractness of the subject and treatment and to the novelty of his contentions (letter of June 1, 1739, Greig, I, p. 31), but candidly remarked in evident perplexity, “ I wish I could discover more fully the particulars wherein I have failed” {ib., p. 39). He excused himself on the ground of his youth. In his Auto, he declares that he had always 12




believed the defect to be in the manner rather than the matter, which is not quite consistent with the important omissions and additions of matter which mark the Enquiry. In the advert, to vol. Ill he accepted the failure of I and II by assuring his readers that III could be read independently of them and without much effort. In a letter of 1751 (Greig, I, p. 158) he goes further, roundly advising Elliot not to read the Treatise at all but only the Enquiry ; and goes farthest of all in the posthumously published advert, to the 1777 ed. of the Essays and Tr., where he ingenuously speaks of the Treatise as “ that juvenile work, which the author never acknow¬ ledged ” (which means that he need not answer for a long-prepared work to which he never publicly put his name). The only known review, which is of vols. I and II and appeared in The history of the works of the learned (London), Nov. and Dec. 1739, vol. 2, pp. 353-404, is unsympathetic, but concludes : “ It bears indeed incontestable marks of a great capacity, of a soaring genius, but young, and not yet thoroughly practised. The subject is vast and noble as any that can exercise the understanding ; but it requires a very mature judgment . . . the utmost prudence, tender¬ ness and delicacy . . . Time and use may ripen these qualities in our author ; and we shall probably have reason to consider this, compared with his later productions, in the same light as we view the juvenile works of Milton, or the first manner of a Raphael, to other celebrated painters.” In a notice of Hume’s Autobiography in the London Review (vol. 5, March 1777) the editor of this periodical alleges that the review in the Works of the Learned “ so highly pro¬ voked our young philosopher, that he flew into a violent rage to demand satisfaction of Jacob Robinson, the publisher, whom he kept, during the paroxysm of his anger, at his sword’s point.” . 1739. A treatise of human nature : being an attempt to introduce the experimental method of reasoning into moral subjects. Anon. London (pr. for John Noon), 2 vols., 8vo. Vol. I, Of the understanding—4 11. (t-p ; author’s advert. ; contents of this vol. and errata of both), 1-475- Vol. II, Of the pas¬ sions—2 11. (t-p ; contents), 1 -318, 4 11. (books sold by Noon). 1740. A treatise . . . subjects. With an appendix. Wherein some passages of the foregoing volumes are illustrated and explain’d. Vol. III. Of morals. Anon. London (pr. for Thomas Longman). 8vo. 4 11. (t-p ; author’s advert. ; contents and errata), 1-310.



The following is presumably the abstract which Hume had printed in London (see his letter to Hutcheson, Mar. 4, 1740, in Greig, I, p. 37). For the conjecture that it was written at Hutcheson’s suggestion by the latter’s pupil, Adam Smith, I can find no ground. Smith was only 17 years old at the time, and whoever wrote it was a master of the subject. The only master of the subject known to us was Hume himself. True, Hume is always referred to in the third person, but there is no difficulty in supposing him to have used such a convention. 1740. An abstract of a book lately published ; entituled, a treatise of human nature, &c. wherein the chief argument of that book is farther illustrated and explained. Anon. London (pr. for C. Borbet). 8vo. Pp. 32. 6d. Announced in Gentleman’s Mag., March 1740 (vol. 10, p. 152). Since going to press I learn that the Abstract is to be reprinted 1938, Cambridge Univ. Press, with an introduction by J. M. Keynes and P. Sraffa. This introduction (which Mr. Keynes ha* kindly allowed me to see in proof) brilliantly disposes of the attribution to Smith and convincingly argues that the author was Hume.

Posthumous editions, except in collected works. 1817. “A new edition.” London (Allman). 8vo. 1888. Ed., with analytical index, by L. A. Selby-Bigge. Ox. 8vo. Repr. 1896 and *1928. *1893. The philosophy of Hume as contained in extracts from the Treatise . . . selected, with an intro, by H. A. Aikins. N.Y. *Repr. 1911, N.Y. 1893. Hume’s treatise of morals : and selections from the treatise of the passions. With an introduction by J. H. Hyslop. Boston (Mass.). 8vo. Comprises all bk. Ill and parts of II. Repr. 1894, ibid. [1911]. 2 vols., each with an intro, by A. D. Lindsay. London. 8vo. Repr. *1923, *1926, *1928. Translations. 1790-2. Ueber die menschliche Natur. Aus dem Englischen nebst kritischen Versuchen zur Beurtheilung dieses Werks von L. H. Jacobi. Halle. 3 vols. 8vo. 1878. Psychologie de Hume. Traite de la nature humaine (livre






I ou de l’entendement), traduit pour la premiere fois par C. Renouvier et F. Pillon ; et Essais philosophiques sur l’entendement, trad, de Merian, corrigee avec une intro., par F. Pillon. Paris. i6mo. Pp. lxxii, 581. 1895. Traktat liber die menschliche Natur. I Teil. Ueber den Verstand. Uebers. von E. Kottgen. Die Uebersetzung iiberarbeitet und mit Anmerkungen und einem Register versehen von Th. Lipps. Hamburg and Leipzig. 8vo. 4th ed., 1923. See Paul Wiist, “ Zu Theodor Lipps Neuausgabe . . . von Humes Treatise ” in Kant-Studien, vol. xiv (1909), pp. 249-73. 1906. Same. II Teil. Buch II. Ueber die Affekte. Buch III. Ueber Moral. Mit Zugrundelegung einer Uebersetzung von Frau J. Bona Meyer. Deutsch mit Anmerk. u. e. Index von Th. Lipps. Hamburg and Leipzig. 8vo. 2nd ed., 1923. *1923. Tratado de la naturaleza humana. Tr. by Vicente Viqueira. Madrid. [1924]. Trattato della natura umana e ricerche sull’intendimento umano. Passi scelti e tradotti con introduzione e note a cura di Carlo Mazzantini. Turin. (Extracts from Treatise and first Enquiry.) *1926. Trattato sull’ intelligenza umana. Traduzione, note e commento critico di A. Carlini. Bari.



1741. Essays, moral and political. Anon. Edin. (pr. by R. Fleming & A. Alison for A. Kincaid). Sm. 8vo. 4 11. (t-p ; author’s advert., iii-v ; contents), 1-187. 2S- 6d. The title of these and the following essays was changed to “ Essays, moral, political and literary” in the 1758 ed. of Essays and Tr. In the Auto. Hume says the vol. was publ. in 1742. It was announced in the Gentleman’s Mag. in March, 1742 (vol. 12, p. 168), so that the 1741 of the t-p. is Old Style. Contents : 1. Of the delicacy of taste and passion. 2. Of the liberty of the press. 3. Of impudence and modesty. 4. That politicks may be reduc’d to a science. 5. Of the first principles of government. 6. Of love and marriage. 7. Of the study of history. 8. Of the




independency of parliament. 9. Whether the British government inclines more to absolute monarchy, or to a republick. 10. Of parties in general, n. Of the parties of Great Britain. 12. Of superstition and enthusiasm. 13. Of avarice. 14. Of the dignity of human nature. 15. Of liberty and despotism. 3, 6 & 7 were not repr. by Hume after 1760. Hume wrote to Adam Smith (Greig, I, p. 168) that in the 1748 ed. “ I was engag’d to act contrary to my judgement in retaining the 6th & 7th essays, which I had resolv’d to throw out, as too frivolous for the rest, and not very agree¬ able neither . . . But Millar, my bookseller, made such protestations against it, & told me how much he had heard them praisd by the best judges ; that the bowels of a parent melted, & I preserv’d them alive.” 13 not repr. by Hume after 1768. 14, title changed to “ Of the dignity or meanness of human nature ” in 1770 ed. of Essays and Tr. 15, title changed to “Of civil liberty” in 1758 ed. °f Essays and Tr. In his Auto. Hume mentions that the above volume “ was favourably received ”. 1742. Essays, moral and political. The second edition, corrected. Anon. Edin. (pr. for A. Kincaid). Sm. 8vo. 4 11. (t-p ; author’s advert., iii-v ; contents), 1-189. Only very slight changes. Presumably appeared after June, when Hume wrote to Home (Greig, I, p. 43) : “ The essays are all sold in London . . . Innys, the great bookseller . . . wonders there is not a new edition ... I am also told that Dr. Butler [Bp. of Bristol] has every where recom¬ mended them”. 1742. Essays, moral and political. Volume II. Anon. Edin. (pr. for A. Kincaid by R. Fleming and A. Alison). Sm. 8vo. 4 11. (t-p ; author’s advert, and errata, iii-iv ; contents), 1-205. Contents: 1. Of essay-writing. 2. Of eloquence. 3. Of moral prejudices. 4. Of the middle station of life. 5. Of the rise and progress of the arts and sciences. 6. The Epicurean. 7. The Stoic. 8. The Platonist. 9. The Sceptic. 10. Of polygamy and divorces. 11. Of simplicity and refinement. 12. A character of Sir Robert Walpole.






i, 3 & 4 publ. by Hume in this edition only. 12 not publ. by H. after 1768 ; in editions 1748-68 it is printed as a footnote at end of essay “ That politics may be reduced to a science ”. Already in the advert, to the 1742 ed. he apologizes for it as out-of-date. 1748. Three essay?, moral and political : never before published. Which compleats the former edition, in two volumes, octavo. London (pr. for A. Millar ; & for A. Kincaid, Edin.). Sm. 8vo. 2 11. (t-p ; contents), 1-60. Contents : 1. Of national characters. 2. Of the original contract. 3. Of passive obedience. This is the first of Hume’s works to bear his name, and inaugurates his long association with Millar. 1748. Essays, moral and political . . . The third edition, corrected, with additions. London (pr. for A. Millar ; & for A. Kincaid, Edin.). 12mo. 2 11. (t-p ; contents), 1-312. 3s. Announced in the Gentleman's Mag., Nov. (vol. 18, p. 528). It is strictly the 3rd ed. of vol. I and the 2nd of vol. II. Contents : 26 essays. 1-15 as in vol. 1, dated 1741. 16. Of eloquence. 17. Of the rise and progress of arts and sciences. 18. The Epicurean. 19. The stoic. 20. The Platonist. 21. The Sceptic. 22. Of polygamy and divorces. 23. Of simplicity and refinement in writing. 24. Of national characters. 25. Of original contract. 26. Of passive obedi¬ ence. 16-26 correspond to the vol. II of 1742 except that 1,3 & 4 of the latter are replaced by the three essays in the small supplementary vol. of 1748, and 12 of vol. II becomes a footnote to 4 of vol. I and of above vol.). For further editions see under Essays and Treatises. Posthumous editions, except in collected works. 1772. Essays 3, 6 & 13 (of vol. I), which Hume had ceased to reprint, are in The beauties of the magazines, Anon., London, vol. I (repr., still in English, Altenburg, 1775)• 1836. Two short essays, on the study of history, and on general reading. With a preface. Blair Adam. (Essays 7 of vol. I and 1 of vol. II. Here publ. because Hume had ceased to reprint them after 1760 and 1742 respectively.) 1862. Essays, moral, political and literary. London (Bebbington). With “ life of the author, with an analysis and estimate




of his philosophy,” pp. v-xxx. 23 essays, i.e. part 1 of Essays as given in 1777 ech of Essays and Tr. 1903. Essays moral, political and literary. London (World’s Classics). Repr. 1904. 39 essays (parts 1 & 2 of 1777 ed. of Essays and Tr.), the essay on miracles from the first Enquiry, seven of the eight essays (omitting the one on Walpole) dropped by Hume from his later editions, the posthumously publ. Two Essays of 1777? and the Auto. [1906]. Essays. London (Routledge). Contents as preceding with omission of the Auto. Translations. *1764. Saggi morali e politici. Amsterdam. 1768. Die vier Philosophen. Apulejus’ Discours iiber d. Mittel glucklich zu sein. Mit d. Anm. des H. Prof. Formey. Aus dem Franzos. Glogau. Includes essays 6-9 of vol. II, 1742. See above, p. 10 under 1758. 1769. Le temple du bonheur, ou receuil des plus excellens traites sur le bonheur. Tome premier. Bouillon. [Ed. by J. F. Dreux du Radier.]. Includes same four essays as preceding, in the translation of Merian. *1788-9. Beitrage zur Beforderung der Menschenkenntnis, besond. in Riicksicht auf unsere moralische Natur. Hrsg. von C. F. Pockels. Two parts. Includes essay 12 of vol. I and the first of the Three Essays of 1748. 1800. See under Translations of Political Discourses. *1808 Saggi morali e politici, estratti dalle opere del signor David Hume. r9r9- Von der Freiheit der Presse. Von der Unabhangigkeit des Parlaments. Von den Parteien iiberhaupt. Leipzig. Essays 2, 8 & 10 of vol. I. I9I9- Von den ersten Grundsatzen der Regierung. Absolutismus und Freiheit. Die Politik eine Wissenschaft. Leipzig. Essays 5, 15 & 4 of vol. I. !93°. Saggi morali e politici. Tradotti da Ugo Ford. Lanciano.

ACCOUNT OF STEWART 1748. A true account of the behaviour and conduct of Archibald Stewart, Esq ; late Lord Provost of Edinburgh. In a letter to a friend. Anon.




London (pr. for M. Cooper). 2 11. (t-p ; preface), 3-51. The letter is dated Oct. 20, 1747, and a postscript Nov. 4, 1747. Stewart was a friend of Hume’s and had supported his candidature for the Chair of Moral Philosophy at Edin. in 1744. He was charged with neglect of duty when the city was occupied by Prince Charles in 1745. The trial in Nov. 1747, which resulted in Stewart’s acquittal, is referred to in a letter from Hume of Feb. 4, 1752 (Greig, I, p. 166). See Greig, David Hume, p. 152.

PHILOSOPHICAL ESSAYS (Enquiry concerning human understanding) 748. Philosophical essays concerning human understanding. By the author of the Essays moral and political. London (pr. for A. Millar). i2mo. 2 11. (t-p ; con¬ tents), 1-256, 2 11. (Millar’s adverts.). 3s. Announced in the Gentleman’s Mag., April (vol. 18, p. 192). Hume gave these essays to the public against the advice of Hy. Home, declaring his “ indifference about all the consequences that may follow” (Greig, p. 111). The essay on miracles had been written by Dec. 1737, originally for inclusion in the Treatise (ib., p. 24). These essays were intended to replace bk. I of the Treatise. Their title was changed to “ Enquiry concern¬ ing human understanding ” in the 1758 ed. of the Essays & Tr. ; Hume’s advert, did not appear until the 1777 ed. of the latter. Contents : I. Of the different species of philosophy. II. Of the origin of ideas. III. Of the connexions of ideas. IV. Sceptical doubts concerning the operations of the understanding. V. Sceptical solution of these doubts. VI. Of probability. VII. Of the idea of power or necessary connection. VIII. Of liberty and necessity. IX. Of the reason of animals. X. Of miracles. XI. Of the practical consequences of natural religion. XII. Of the sceptical or academical philosophy. In the 1750 ed. “connexions” in III becomes singular (later, “ association ”), and the title of XI is




changed to “Of a particular providence and a future state ”• . 1750. Philosophical essays . . . understanding. By David Hume, Esq ; The second edition. With additions and corrections. London (for A. Millar). i2mo. 2 11. (t-p ; contents & errata), 1-259. Verso of p. 259 has a passage for insertion on p. 180. 1751. Philosophical essays . . . understanding. By Mr. Hume, author of the Essays moral and political. The second edition. With additions and corrections. London (for M. Cooper). i2mo. 3 11. (t-p ; contents, p. iii ; errata, p. v), 1-259. At the end, the note to p. 180. Some copies have same initial leaves as Millar’s 1750 ed. For further editions see under Essays and Treatises. Posthumous editions, except in collected works. 1861. An enquiry, etc. London (Bebbington). 1863. Same. London (Truelove). 1894. An enquiry . . . understanding, and an enquiry concerning the principles of morals . . . edited, with an introduction, comparative tables of contents, and an analytical index, by L. A. Selby-Bigge. Oxford. 2nd ed. 1902 (repr. 1927), Ox., with the title “ Enquiries concerning . . . understanding, and . . . morals ”. Adds the dialogue which Hume appended to the Principles of morals. 1906. Hume’s essays. I. An enquiry . . . understanding. II. An enquiry . . . morals. With a biographical sketch of the author, by Charles T. Gorham. London (Watts). *1907. Enquiry . . . understanding and selections from a Treatise . . . understanding. With Hume’s Autobiography and a letter from Adam Smith. Chicago. Repr. 1927 and 1 Se¬ rgio. An inquiry . . . understanding. In Auswahl . . . hrsg. von Otto Soehring. Heidelberg. 1913. An enquiry . . . understanding and selections from a treatise of human nature. With Hume’s autobiography and a letter from Adam Smith. Edited by J. McCormack and Mary W. Calkins. Leipzig. Repr. 1926. Essay on miracles alone : [? 1840]. London (Watson). Repr. 1844.




[ 1861 ]. London (Bebbington). 1882. London (Freethought Publ.). With an intro, com¬ menting upon the views of Campbell, Paley, Mill, Powell, Greg, Mozley, Tyndall, Huxley, etc., by J. M. Wheeler. (The intro, only runs to

5 PP-) Translations. 1793. Untersuchung iiber den menschlichen Verstand, neu iibers. von M. W. G. Tennemann, nebst einer Abhandlung iiber den philosophischen Skepticismus von Herrn Prof. Reinhold. Jena. 1820. Saggi filosofici sull’umano intelletto . . . volgarizzati. Pavia. 2 vols. Trans, by G. B. Griggi and ed. by G. Germani, L. Rolla and D. Sacchi. Includes a biography of Hume, and a trans. of the Diss. on the passions (from the Four Dissertations). 1869. Eine Untersuchung in Betreff des menschl. Verstandes. Uebers., erlautert und mit einer Lebensbeschreibung Humes versehen von J. H. von Kirchmann. Berlin. 2nd ed. 1875, 3rd 1880, Leipzig ; 4th 1888, Heidelberg; 5th 1902. 6th ed., Eine Untersuchung iiber den menschl. Verstand neu iibers. von Raoul Richter, 1907, Lpzg. 7th 1911, 8th 1920, 9th 1928. 1878. French trans. by Merian, corrected by Pillon, with the Treatise, which see. 1882. Vizsgalodas az emberi ertelemrol. Trans, and annotated by B. Alexander. Budapest. *1893. Eine Untersuchung usw. Trans, by C. Nathansohn. Lpzg. *2nd ed., 1903. • 1899. Zkoumani o zasadach mravnosti a zkoumani o rozumu lidskem. Trans, by J. Skola. Prague. Includes Enquiry cone, principles of morals. 1910. Ricerche sull’intelletto umano e sui principii della morale. Trans, by Gius. Prezzolini. Bari. Repr. *1926. [1910]. Eine Untersuchung usw. Trans, by C. Vogl. Lpzg. (Kroner). [1912]. Eine Untersuchung usw. Trans, with intro, and notes by R. Eisler. Lpzg (Reclam). [1924]. Italian trans. by Mazzantini with the Treatise, which see.




PRINCIPLES OF MORALS 1751. An enquiry concerning the principles of morals. By David Hume, Esq ; London (pr. for A. Millar). i2mo. 4 11. (half-title ; t-p ; contents ; errata), 1-253 (verso of 253, “ books by the same author”) ; 1 1. (list of books sold by Millar). Price 3s. In some copies sig. L3 (pp. 221 f.) is a cancel, differing from the leaf it replaces by adding at the end of Appendix II a paragraph beginning “ We may just ob¬ serve ” and ending “ so iniquitous a behaviour ”. Announced in the Gentleman’s Mag., Dec., 1751 (vol. 21, p. 574) and reviewed by [Wm. Rose] in the Monthly Review, London, Jan. 1752 (vol. 6, pp. 1-19). Written at Ninewells. Hume says of it in the Auto., “ Of all my writings incomparably the best. It came unnoticed and unobserved into the world.” The last few pages of his MS. are extant, in the library of the Royal Scty. of Edin. Intended to replace bk. Ill of the Treatise. Contains the familiar 9 sections, 2 appendices (on moral sentiment, and on justice ; that on verbal disputes was not added until the 1764 ed. of Essays & Tr., being transferred from part 1 of sec. vi ; and the one on self-love not until the 1777 ed., in all earlier editions being part 1 of sec. ii), and the Dialogue. For further editions see under Essays & Tr. Posthumous editions, except in collected works. 1894. Oxford. With the first Inquiry (see under Philos. Essays). 1900. Chicago. 1906. London. With the first Inquiry. *1907. Chicago. *1913. Leipzig. Translations. 1883. Eine Untersuchung uber die Principien der Moral . Deutsch hrsg. und mit einem Namen- und Sachregister versehen von Thomas Garrigue Masaryk [later first Presi¬ dent of the Czechoslovakian Republic]. Vienna. 1899* Czech, trans. by J. §kola along with first Enquiry (see under Philos. Essays).




1929. Eine Untersuchung etc. Trans., with intro., by C. Winckler. Leipzig. Reviewed by R. Metz in Kant-Studien, Bd. 3^ (1930), p. 3i9f1910. Italian trans. by Prezzolini along with first Enquiry (see under Philos. Essays).

POLITICAL DISCOURSES 1752. Political discourses. By David Hume Esq. Edin. (pr. by R. Fleming for A. Kincaid and A. Donaldson). 8vo. 2 11. (t-p ; contents and, in some copies, errata on verso), 1-304. Announced in Gentleman’s Mag., Feb. 1752 (vol. 22, p. 94). Reviewed by [Wm. Rose] in Monthly Review, London, Jan. & Feb., 1752 (vol. 6, pp. 19-43, 81-90). “ The only work of mine, that was successful on the first publication : it was well received abroad and at home ” (Auto.). Contents: 1. Of commerce. 2. Of luxury. 3. Of money. 4. Of interest. 5. Of the balance of trade. 6. Of the balance of power. 7. Of taxes. 8. Of public credit. 9. Of some remarkable customs. 10. Of the populousness of antient nations. 11. Of the Protestant succession. 12. Idea of a perfect commonwealth. No. 11 was written by Feb. 1748, when Hume mentions it (Greig, I, p. 111) as a new essay to be added to his 1748 ed. of Essays moral and political. In the 1758 ed. of Essays & Tr., “ Of the original contract ” and “ Of passive obedience ” were added (these originally appeared in the Three Essays of 1748) ; the 1760 ed. added “ Of the jealousy of trade ” and “ Of the coalition of parties ”, and altered the title of no. 2 to “ Of refinement in the arts ”. In their ultimate form, as part II of Essays moral, political and literary, the Discourses thus numbered sixteen. 1752. Political discourses. By David Hume Esq. The second edition. Edin. (pr. by R. Fleming for A. Kincaid & A. Donaldson). i2mo. 2 11. (t-p ; contents), 1-304, 1 1. (list of books by Hume). Contents as first edition.




i'754. Political discourses . . . Third edition, with additions and corrections. Edin. (pr. by Sands, Murray & Cochran for Kincaid & Donaldson). 12010. 2 11. (t-p ; contents and errata), 1-270. Contents as first edition. In the same year a London “ third ed.” appeared, as vol. 4 of Essays & Tr. (1753-6). For further editions see Essays & Tr. Posthumous editions, except in collected works. 1787. Three of the discourses (balance of trade, jealousy of trade, and balance of power) appended to reprint of Josiah Tucker’s Brief essay on the advantages and disadvantages which respectively attend France and Great Britain, with regard to trade, London. [? c. 1810]. Essay on public credit, by David Hume. A 20-p. pamphlet without t-p. 1857. A select collection of scarce and valuable tracts and other publications on the national debt and the sinking fund, ed. by J. R. McCulloch, London (privately printed). In¬ cludes discourse 8 of 1752 ed. 1858. A select . . . publications on paper currency and banking, ed. by J. R. McCulloch, London (privately printed). Includes discourse 3 of 1752 ed. [1908]. Hume’s political discourses. With an introduction by Wm. Bell Robertson. London & Felling-on-Tyne (Scott). Translations. 1754. Discours politiques de Mr. David Hume, traduits de l’anglois par Mr. de M****. Amsterdam (Schreuder & Mortier). i6mo. Contains all the 12 discourses. The first of a set of 5 vols., 1754-7, with the general title “ Discours politiques ”. The translator was Eleazar de Mauvillon, “ dont le metier et de faire des livres frangais pour l’Allemagne, et d’enseigner ce qu’il ne sait—c’est a dire, votre langue et la notre (Abbe Le Blanc to Hume, Dec. 25 of same year, in Burton, I, p. 461). *1754. Discours politiques de Monsieur Hume, traduits de l’anglois. Par M. l’Abbe Le Blanc. 2 vols. Amsterdam. New edition, 2 vols. 1755, Dresden. Includes besides all 12 discourses, the “ Present state of




the nation ” by Bolingbroke and a survey of contemporary books on economics. See Le Blanc’s letter to Hume, Aug. 25, 1754, in Burton, I, p. 458b In a letter of Feb. 28, 1755 Maupertuis, who had received a copy of this version, wrote to Le Blanc : “ Comment est-il possible qu’un tel homme ne soit pas plus connu ici et ne soit pas l’admiration de l’Europe ? ” (in art. by Metz in Rev. de la litt. comparee, vol. 9, 1929, p. 668. Metz here suggests that it may have been through Maupertuis’ writings in the Memoires of the Berlin Academy that Kant first heard of Hume). *1764. Saggi morali e politici. Amsterdam. *1767. Saggi politici sopra il commercio. Venice [? Basle]. 1767. Essais sur le commerce ; le luxe ; l’argent ; l’interet de 1’argent ; les impots ; le credit public ; et la balance du commerce . . . Traduction nouvelle, avec des reflexions du traducteur, et lettre d’un negociant de Londres, a un de ses amis. Paris & Lyons. The translation is generally attributed to Mile, de la Chaux, whom Diderot makes the subject of Ceci ri!est pas un conte. *1772. Del lusso. Discorso cristiano con un dialogo filosofico. Bassano. 1774. Saggi politici sul commercio del signor David Hume tradotti dall’ inglese coll’aggiunta di un dicorso preliminare sul commercio di Sicilia di Isidoro Bianchi . . . Seconda edizione. Venice & Palermo. Eight only of the Discourses. *1798. Saggi politici sopra il commercio. Trans, by M. Dandolo. Parma. *1800. Politische Versuche von David Hume. Uebers. von Chr. Jakob Kraus. Konigsberg. New ed. 1813, Konigsberg under the title “ Vermischte Schriften iiber staatswirtschaftliche, philosophische und andre wissenschaftliche Gegenstande von Chr. J. Kraus . . . Nach dessen Tod hrsg. von Hans von Auerswald . . . Siebenter Theil. David Hume’s politische Versuche.” All 12 discourses and 7 of the Essays moral and political. *1808. Saggi morali e politici, estratti dalle opere del signor David Hume. *[1810]. Idea di una perfetta republica di David Hume, con un




discorso del traduttore sopra il diritto di soffragio ed alcune osservazioni del traduttore. Milan. Trans, by Zenobio. 1847. Melanges d’economie politique. Vol. I. Paris. Intro, by E. Daire. Besides essays by Franklin, Condorcet, etc., includes (a) 7 of the Discourses in the version of Mile, de la Chaux, (b) one in the version of Le Blanc, and (c) “ Of the jealousy of trade ” newly trans¬ lated. *1877. National-okonomische Abhandlungen von David Hume. Uebers. von F. Niedermuller. Leipzig. Gives 9 of the 12 discourses. [1888]. David Hume : Oeuvre economique. Traduction nouvelle par M. Formentin. Paris. Intro, by Leon Say. 7 of the discourses, Hume’s Auto, and selections from his corres¬ pondence. *1897. Humes und Rousseaus Abhandlungen iiber den Urvertrag, nebst einem Versuch iiber Leidenschaft, von G. Merkel. Leipzig. *1909. Della populazione delle antiche nazioni. Vol. IV of the Biblioteca Economica ed. by V. Pareto. SCOTTICISMS [c. 1752]. Scotticisms. This title at the head ; no title-page. Pp. 1-6. Anony¬ mous, but the “ books printed by the same author ” listed on the last leaf are Hume’s. One of these is the Principles of Morals (1751) ; another is the Philos. Essays, which was re-entitled Enquiry cone. Human Understanding in 1758. The pamphlet therefore falls within these two dates. Since it is sometimes found bound in with the Political Discourses of 1752, it is likely that it appeared about the same time. James Beattie, writing to Sir Wm. Forbes, April 10, 1779’ says of his own pamphlet Scoticisms : “ I consulted Hume s list, and took a few from it.” Boswell writes * I told him that David Hume had made a short collection of Scotticisms. ‘ I wonder ’ (said Johnson) ‘ that he should find them’.” It was Lord Monboddo who re¬ marked that Hume died confessing not his sins but his Scotticisms.






HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN The earliest dated indication of Hume’s intention to write a History is in a letter of Jan. 29, 1748 to Oswald (Greig, I, p. 109 ; see also undated letter, ib., p. 99), but apparently he did not begin research until he became Keeper of the Advocates’ Library (1752). First the hostile criticism, then the neglect, of his first volume discouraged him. It was the absence of any dominant duty or inclination together with dislike of idleness rather than a settled interest in history that led him to continue. There were occasional fits of exasperation, such as “I am resolved to write no more ” (1757 ; Greig, I, p. 264). He tells Adam Smith (ib., I, p. 168) why he began with the Stilarts, but later regretted the distortion of perspective which this abrupt beginning caused in many of his readers. After finishing the Stuarts, and again after finishing the Tudors, he was for a time almost at a loss to know whether to turn to the preceding or to the following period. His avoidance of the post-Stuart period was due partly to a doubt whether he or his readers could maintain im¬ partiality concerning recent events and partly to his reluctance to move to London, where alone most of the source-material could be studied. But as late as 1765 he assures Millar that he intends to carry the History beyond 1688 (ib., I, p. 491 ; cp. II, 106) ; Millar was pressing him and offered him “ any price ” (II, p. 6). For a short while he toyed with the idea of an ecclesiastical history (I, pp. 352, 359). Helvetius, having heard that Hume had abandoned this idea, implored him “ au nom de l’Angleterre, de la France, de l’Allemagne, de l’ltalie et de la posterite ” to carry out the project (letter of June 2, 1763, in Letters of eminent persons to Hume, ed. by J. H. Burton, 1849, p. 13). _ . The editions the History passed through show how ineffective the initial hostility became. The only other precise figures we have are given by Millar himself (Burton, II, p. 263), who told Hume in October 1764 that about 2500 full sets of the 4to edition and more than 3000 of the two Stuart volumes had been sold, besides nearly 2000 of the 8vo edition. The terms of Hume’s agreements with his publishers are men¬ tioned in his letters. For vol. I he received £400 for the first edition of 2000 copies and was offered £600 for a second edition of 3000 if the first should be successful. Early in 1757 he offered the entire rights of the two Stuart volumes to Millar for 800 guineas, and in September of the same year offered the forthcoming account




of the Tudors (then anticipated to occupy only one volume) for £700 to the same publisher, who thought it a rather high sum. The contract for the two volumes from Caesar to the Tudors (“ the first previous engagement ever I made with a bookseller , Greig, I, p. 314) was signed in July 1759 : Millar was to pay £1400. For comparison it may be added that, according to Lord Brougham, Wm. Robertson received £600 for his History of Scotland (2 vols. 4to, 1758-9), £3600 for his Charles V (3 vols. 4to, 1769), and £2400 for his America (2 vols. 4to, 1777). 1754, Nov. The history of Great Britain. Vol. I. Containing the reigns of James I and Charles I. Edin. (pr. by Hamilton, Balfour & Neill). 4to. vi, 473. 14s. in boards. Announced in Gent. Mag., Nov. 1754 (vol. 24, p. 533). Reviewed in Monthly Review (London), Mar. 1755 (vol. 12, pp. 206-29) by [R. Flexman]. “ The fruit of near two years very constant application,” says Hume (Greig, I, 196). The first draft of the reign of James was finished by Jan. 1753, of the reign of Charles by Oct. 1753 ; the final draft was almost ready for the printer in the following Feb. ; and the last proofs were corrected in Sept. 1754, when the writing of vol. II was already well in hand. About 450 copies were sold in Edinburgh alone in the first five weeks (Greig, I, 214) ; then the sale fell to 45 copies in a whole year (Auto.). About the end of 1756 Millar of London took over the stock. 1755. The history . . . Britain. Vol. I. Containing the reign of James I and part of Charles I. Dublin. 8vo. iv, 433. 1759. The history . . . Britain, under the house of Stuart. Vol. I. Containing the reigns of James I and Charles I. The second edition corrected. London (Millar). 4to. viii, 464. 1757. The history of Great Britain. Vol. II. Containing the Commonwealth, and the reigns of Charles II and James II. London (Millar). 410. v, 459. 14s. in boards. Despite the imprint, published in Nov. or Dec. 1756. Announced in Gent. Mag., Nov. 1756 (vol. 26, p. 549). Rev. in Monthly Review, Jan. 1757 (vol. 16, pp. 36-50) by [Wm. Rose]. Hume’s MS. had been sent to the printer in the preceding May. “ 1 think my first volume a great deal better than the






second : the subject admitted of more eloquence, and of greater nicety of reasoning ” (Greig, I, 242). 1759. Same title. “The second edition corrected.” London (Millar). 4to. vi, 457. 14s. in boards. 1762. Vols. I & II republ. by Millar as vols. V and VI, “ A new edition corrected ”, under the general title “ The history of England, from the invasion of Julius Caesar to the revolution in 1688. In six volumes ”, thereby giving them their proper place in the entire work. The remaining four volumes were the originals of 1759 and 1762 with their original title-pages. About the same time Hume separately issued corrected sheets for what was now vol. VI, together with an index to the whole work. They are paginated 155-6, 163-6, 235-8, and 361-70 ; the index, 92 pp., is not paginated. On the corrections see Hume’s letter to Elliot, Mar. 12, 1763 {Greig, I, P- 379)1759. The history of England, under the house of Tudor. Com¬ prehending the reigns of K. Henry VII. K. Henry VIII. K. Edward VI. Q,. Mary, and Q_. Elizabeth ... In two volumes. London (Millar). 4to. viii, 402 (to d. of Mary) ; iv, 403-739. £1 in boards. Announced in Gent. Mag., Mar. 1759 (vol. 29, p. 133). Rev. in Monthly Rev., Lond., April & May 1759 (vol. 20, 344-64, 400-417) by [O. Ruffhead], and in Smollett’s Critical Rev., April 1759 (vol. 7, pp. 289-303). Hume began work on this part between March and Aug. 1757 {Greig, I, 246 & 262) and sent his MS. to the printer in Aug. 1758 {ib. p. 286). Censured in Postscript (7^ pp.) in Rd. Hurd’s Moral and Political dialogues, 1759, London (omitted from 2nd ed., 1760). Warburton wrote to Hurd Mar. 3, 1759 : “ Hume has outdone himself in this new History, in shewing his contempt of religion . . . Say nothing of it till it be published, for I engaged my word to Millar to be silent about it till that time ” {Letters from a late eminent prelate, 3rd ed., 1809, p. 282). 1764. 2 vols. 4to. Millar issued this without having consulted Hume {Greig, I, 443). 1762. The history of England, from the invasion of Julius Caesar to




the accession of Henry VII. London (Millar). 2 vols. 4to. viii, 424 (to John) ; viii, 446 (Hy. Ill to Rd. III). Vol. 1 appeared in Dec. 1761, for it was then reviewed in Monthly Rev. (vol. 25, 401-14) ; vol. 2 in Feb. 1762 (26, 81-95) : both reviews by [O. Ruffhead]. Hume began the work about July 1759 (Greig, I, 314). The MS. of both vols. is in the library of the Royal Scty. of Edinburgh (Hume MSS., vols. x & xi). 1762. The history of England, -from the invasion of Julius Caesar to the revolution in 1688. In six volumes. A new edition corrected. London (Millar). 4to. See under 1757 above. 1763. The history . . . 1688. In eight volumes ... A new edition corrected. London (Millar). 8vo. The Bodleian has a set of cancel-sheets apparently for this edition. *1767. Same. 1770. London (Cadell). 8 vols. 4to. 1772. Dublin. 8 vols. 8vo. 1773. London. 8 vols. 8vo. Posthumous editions. 1778. New edition, with the author’s last corrections and improve¬ ments. To which is prefixed, a short account of his life, by himself. London (Cadell). 8 voL. 8vo. *1780, Dublin, 8 vols., 8vo ; *1782, Lond., same ; *1786, Lond., same ; 1789, Lond., same ; 1790-1, Lond., same ; 1791, Lond., same ; 1792, Lond., same ; 1792, Edin., same ; 1793, Lond., same ; [1793-4], Lond. (Cooke), 12 vols., i2mo, and continuation by Smollett and T. A. Lloyd ; 1793-5, Lond. (Parsons), 22 vols., 8vo, inch contin. by Smollett and J. Barlow ; 1796, Montrose, 5 vols., 8vo ; 1797, Lond., 8 vols., 8vo ; 1802, Lond., same ; 1803, Lond., 10 vols., 8vo ; 1803-4, Edin., 8 vols., sm. 8vo ; *1803-5, Lond., 16 vols., 8vo, incl. Smollett ; 1806, Lond. (R. Bowyer), 10 vols., folio ; 1807, Lond., 8 vols., 8vo ; 1808-10, Lond., 10 vols., 8vo ; 1810-11, Lond., 10 vols., i2mo ; 1811, Lond., 15 vols., i2mo, incl. Smollett ; 1812, Lond., 8 vols., 8vo ; *1814, Lond., 20 vols., incl. Smollett ; 1816, Lond., 8 vols., 8vo, “ revised for family use ; with such omissions and alterations as may render it salutary to the young, and unexceptionable to the Christian ... by






the Rev. G. B. Mitchell ” ; 1818, Lond. (Cadell & Davies, etc.), 8 vols., 8vo ; 1818, Edin. (Laing, Guthrie, etc.), 16 vols., 8vo, inch Smollett ; 1822, Lond. (Baynes, etc.), 8 vols., 8vo ; *1823-4, Lond, 4 vols., 8vo, inch Smollett; 1824, Lond., 16 vols., i2mo, inch Smollett; 1824, Lond. (Jones), .1 vol., 8vo (repr. 1828) ; 1826, Oxford, 8 vols., 8vo ; 1828, Lond. (Tegg), 20 vols., i2mo, inch contin. by Smollett and Jones ; \c. 1832], Lond. (Kelly), 4 vols., 4to, inch contin. by Hewson Clarke ; 1832, Lond. (Jones), 1 vol., large 8vo ; 1834-6, Lond. (Valpy), 21 vols., sm. 8vo, inch contin. by Smollett and T. S. Hughes ; *1835, Paris, 6 vols., 8vo ; 1837, Paris (Baudry’s Europ. Lib.), 1 vol., folio, inch Smollett and Hughes ; 1838, Lond. (Rickerby), 16 vols., i2mo, inch contin. by Smollett and Hy. Stebbing ; 1848 (Longman, etc, etc.), 10 vols., inch Smollett ; [1848], Lond. (Virtue), 3 vols., 4to, inch contin. by Smollett and Ed. Farr ; [1848], Lond. (Kelly), 3 vols., inch contin. by Smollett and J. C. Campbell ; [1852-4], London & N.Y. (Tallis), 4 vols., 4to, inch contin. by Smollett and Thos. Gaspey ; 1854-5, Lond. (Bell), 18 vols., 8vo, inch Smollett and Hughes ; 1856, Philadelphia (Polock), 2 vols., large 8vo ; *1864, 8 vols., 8vo, inch Smollett ; [1868-71], Lond. (Lond. Pr. & Publ. Co.), 4 vols., large 8vo, inch contin. by Wm. C. Stafford ; [1873-7], Lond. (Virtue), 4 vols., large 8vo, inch contin. by Smollett, E. Farr and E. H. Nolan— there were at least two issues, differing in illustrations ; [1875], Lond. (Ward Lock), 3 vols., 8vo ; [1880], Lond. (Ward, Lock), 3 vols., 8vo., repr. of [1875] ed. ; [1882], London (Warne), 6 vols., 8vo ; 1891, Lond. (Ward, Lock), 3 vols., 8vo, “ The imperial hist, of England ” comprising all Hume and contin. by Wm. C. Stafford and Hy. W. Dulcken ; 1894, Lond. (Routledge), 3 vols., 8vo, repr. of [1875] ed.

Bowyer’s 1806 ed. is a sumptuous one, finely printed and expensively illustrated ; it was sold only to subscribers, and when only five vols. were projected the price was 60 guineas. It was planned 14 years earlier : see Bowyer’s “ Prospectus of the general design and conditions for a complete History of England, superbly embellished,” Jan. 1792, Lond., 4to, and his “ Elucidation of Mr. Bowyer’s plan for a magnificent edition of Hume’s History of England,” 1795, Lond., i6mo. Hume had rejected his




own publisher’s wish for a portrait-frontispiece, and re¬ garded illustrations as trifles ad captandum vulgus (Greig, I, p. 359, II, 97f.)- In 1807 Bowyer issued in a separate folio volume “ The history of England during the reign of James I There have been several abridgements, selections and adaptations—1792, reigns of Hy. VIII and Ed. VI issued, separately paged, with Historical Magazine, vol. 4 ; 1793, Edin., i2mo, “abridged ... by George Buist ” ; 1795, Lond., 2 vols., 8vo, abridged “ by the author of the abridge¬ ment of Mr. Gibbon’s Roman History ” [Chas. Hereford] ; *1804, Paris, 2 vols., i6mo, “ Characters from Hume, Smollett, . . .” and “ Characters continued from Hume, . . ; 1859, Lond. and many times reprinted, “ The student’s Hume ” ; 1879-80, Berlin, 3 vols., 8vo, Engl, text abridged, and annotated in German by Otto Petry. Translations. *1760. Histoire de la maison de Stuart sur le trone d’Angleterre. Londres [Paris]. 3 vols., 4to. Trans, by [A.-F. Prevost]. Repr. 1763, Londres [Paris], 6 vols., i2mo, and 1788, Londres [Paris], 6 vols., i2mo. *1762-3. Geschichte von Gross-Britannien. Breslau & Leipzig. 2 vols. *17^3. Histoire de la maison de Tudor sur le trone d’Angleterre. Traduite de l’anglois par Madame B***. Amsterdam, 2 vols., 4to ; also, same year, 6 vols., i2mo. The translator was Octavie Guichard, Mme. Belot, later wife of President du Rey de Meynieres. *1765. Histoire de la maison de Plantagenet, sur le trone d’Angle¬ terre . . . traduite de l’anglois par Madame B***. Amsterdam. 2 vols., 4to. Repr. 1769, Amst., 1 vol., 4to (also 6 vols., i2mo) under title “ Hist. d’A., contenant la maison de Plantagenet ”. In her preface the trans. states that her MS. had been read by Hume, and that the version was to have appeared under the patronage of Mme. de Pompadour (who had died in 1764). *1767-71. Geschichte von England. Breslau & Lpzg. 4 vols. (Caesar to Elizabeth). *1769-74. Historic van Engeland van den inval van Julius C^sar tot de staetsverandering in’t jaer 1688. Rotterdam. 8vo.




*1787-8. Geschichte von Grossbritannien. Frankenthal. 20 vols. 1803. Elisabeth, Konigin von England, nach Hume, furs grossere Publikum bearbeitet. Leipzig. 8vo. Not strictly a translation. 1809. Histoire d’A., depuis l’invasion de Jules-Cesar . . . jusqu’a la fuite des Stuarts en 1688 . . . traduite de l’anglais par Madame B*** et reimprimee par M. de Sourdon. Paris. 18 vols. i2mo. *1819-22. Hist. d’A. . . . depuis l’invasion de Jules Cesar jusqu’a la revolution de 1688 . . . Precedee d’un essai sur la vie et les ecrits de David Hume par M. Gampenon. Paris. 22 vols., 8vo. Includes the continuations by Smollett, Adolphus and Aikin. Trans, by [J. B. D. Despres]. *2nd ed. 1825-7, Paris, 21 vols., 8vo ; *3rd ed. 1836, Paris, 4to ; repr. 1839-40, Paris, 13 vols. 8vo. *1822. Hist. d’A. ... La partie des Stuarts est enrichie de notes . . . tirees de divers ouvrages modernes. Paris. i6mo. *1829-32. Hist. d’A. . . . par Hume, Goldsmith et W. Jones. Trad. nouvelle ou revue par M. Langlois. Paris. 16 vols., 8vo. The same, carried down to 1821 by Cardonne, 1830-4, Paris, 40 vols., i6mo. *1837. Hist. d’A., abregee de Hume et de Smollet . . . par F. Valentin. Paris. 1 vol., i6mo. *2nd ed. 1838; *3rd, 1840 ; *4th, 1842. 1842-4. Historia de Inglaterra, desde la invasion de Julio Cesar hasta el fin del reinado de Jacobo II . . . Traducida por Don Eugenio de Ochoa. Barcelona. 4 vols., large 8vo. A fifth vol., 1845, contains the continuations by Smollett, Adolphus and Aikin. *1853-5. Paris- 4 vols., 4to. Includes Smollett.

FOUR DISSERTATIONS 1757. Four dissertations. I. The natural history of religion. II. Of the passions. III. Of tragedy. IV. Of the standard of taste. By David Hume, Esq. London (pr. for A. Millar). i2mo. 7 E. (half-title, with Millar’s list of Hume’s books on verso ; t-p ; dedica¬ tion, i-vii ; half-title of diss. I), 1-240. 3s. Announced in Gentleman'5 Mag., Feb. (vol. 27, p- 94 j again in Dec., p. 605). Reviewed by [Wm. Rose] in




Monthly Review, London, Feb. (vol. 16, pp. 122-39). Diss. II is all that Hume gave to replace bk. II of the Treatise. After publication Hume withdrew the dedication to John Home or Hume (author of the tragedy “Douglas ”), but cancelled the withdrawal four days later : in the interval 800 copies were sold without it (see letter to Mure in Greig, I, pp. 242b). He never reprinted it. On June 12, 1755 (ib., p. 223) Hume offered to Millar for 50 guineas four essays, “ which I have kept some years by me, in order to polish them as much as possible. One of them is that which Allan Ramsay mentioned to you [? Natural hist, of religion]. Another of the passions ; a third of tragedy ; a fourth, some considerations previous to geometry & natural philosophy ”. In consequence of a criticism by Lord Stanhope, a competent mathematician, Hume did not send forward the fourth, but replaced it with two essays, one on suicide and one on immortality. When the printing was completed, an access of prudence led him to withdraw these two, for which he substituted “ Of the standard of taste ”. We learn this from his letter to Strahan, Jan. 25, 1772 (Greig, II, p. 253). The published copies betray the last-minute change : signature K stops at 4 instead of 6, and K, K2-4 have no corresponding unsigned leaves, K4 being followed immediately by L, on which Diss. IV begins. The Advocates’ Library, Edinburgh (now the National Lib. of Scotland), used to have a proofcopy entitled by hand “ Five dissertations, to wit, The natural history of religion. Of the passions. Of tragedy. Of suicide. Of the immortality of the soul.” The essay on suicide had been cut out. This copy has been lost, but the same library has lately acquired another proof-copy (MS. 509), corrected by Hume, of the two suppressed essays, bound with a copy of the Four Dissertations : between pp. 200 and 201 of the published edition some leaves have been cut out and the following inserted— half-title “ Diss. IV. Of suicide” ; pp. 213-21 containing this essay ; hf.-title “ Diss. V. Of the immortality of the soul ” ; pp. 225-40 with this essay. Subsequent rumour gave a more picturesque account of the suppression. “ These essays, it is well known, were printed and advertised by Mr. Millar, with some others by Mr. Hume, nearly thirty years ago ; but before the day of




publication, being intimidated by threats of a prosecution the bookseller called in some copies that he had dispersed, cancelled the two essays, and (with difficulty) prevailed on Mr. Hume to substitute some others less obnoxious ” (Gentleman's Mag., Lond., 1784, vol. 54, p. 607). “ If report says true, and sometimes it does, the Essay on suicide has been published, and was suppressed by public authority. A great legacy was left to an eminent bookseller to publish it again, and, on his refusal, was offered to others ; and when the more generous of the trade in Britain refused to give birth to such a national evil, it was dispatched into Holland, to return hither again, and scatter its pestilential influence over the fellow-subjects and fellow-citizens of the good, the humane, the social Mr. Hume” {ibid., 1777, vol. 47, p. 326). This fabrication is a good sample of the monstrous malice of moral zeal. In Aug. 1776, by a codicil to his will, Hume gave to Strahan, to whom he at the same time bequeathed his MSS., discretionary power to add to the posthumous edition of his Dialogues concerning Natural Religion “ the two essays formerly printed but not published ”, but Strahan did not exercise it. Some set or sets of the sheets of the two suppressed essays escaped the hands of Strahan or Millar, circulated clan¬ destinely, and made possible the following unauthorized editions :— 1777. Two essays. London. For this 41-p. pamphlet, without author’s or publisher’s name and without any titles to the essays, the outrageous price of 5s. was charged. 1783. Essays on suicide, and the immortality of the soul, ascribed to the late David Hume, Esq. Never before published. With remarks, intended as an antidote to the poison contained in these performances, by the editor. To which is added, two letters on suicide, from Rousseau’s Eloisa. London (M. Smith). 8vo. iv, 107. Reviewed in Gentleman’s Mag., Aug. 1784 (v°l- 54)> p. 607 ; and in Monthly Review, vol. 70 (1784), pp. 427f. by [Wm. Rose]. This edition evoked An essay on the immortality of the soul: shewing the fallacy and malignity of a sceptical one, lately published, together with such another on suicide... London, 1784,8vo, xiii, 45.




1789. Essays on suicide and the immortality of the soul. By the late David Hume, Esq. With remarks by the editor. To which are added two letters on suicide, from Rousseau’s Eloisa. A new edition. London (G. Kearsley). 8vo. iv, 189. 1799. Same title. j 799- Same title.

Strasbourg. 8vo. iv, 124. Basle. 8vo. iv, 124.

Translations of suppressed Essays. *1770. Receuil philosophique. 2 vols. London [? Paris]. Vol. 2 includes the two essays in French, “ traduits de l’anglois ” but not referred to any author. Querard’s attribution (La France litteraire, vol. 4, p. 166) of the translation to d’Holbach, whose essays adjoin it, is plausible. *1781. German trans. by D. L. Dorrien. Publ. at Hanover. *1785. Essai sur le suicide. Traduit de 1’anglais de David Hume. No place. 8vo. 1877. German trans. by Paulsen with Dialogues cone, natural religion, which see. Hume republished the four dissertations, dispersed, in the 1758 ed. of Essays & Treatises. I & II were made substantive items ; III & IV were added to Essays pt. I as nos. 25 & 26. *Diss. I repr. 1889, The natural history of religion, with an introduction by J. M. Robertson. Translations. *1755- Vier Abhandlungen . . . von David Hume . . . Quedlinburg. The version is usually attributed to F. G. Resewitz. *Repr. 1759, ibid. 1820. Italian trans. of Diss. II with Philos. Essays, which see. *1897. German trans. of Diss. II ; see under Political Discourses. 1900. Czech trans. of Diss. I with Dialogues cone, natural religion, which see. 1906. Religionens naturlige oprindelse og udvikling [Natural hist, of religion]. Trans, by C. Viale & A. Thomsen. Copen¬ hagen. *1909. Anfange und Entwicklung der Religion. Trans, with intro, by W. Bolin. Leipzig. *1911. Die Naturgeschichte der Religion. Uebers. und mit einem Abriss iiber die Geschichte des Deismus in England eingeleitet von A. J. Sussnitzki. Frankf.a.M.





1928. Storia naturale della religione e saggio sul suicidio. Trans, by U. Forti. Bari. A French trans. of Diss. I is the subject of a letter from J-C. T. de Montigny to Hume (in Burton, II, p. 167, n. 3) and is mentioned by Hume in a letter to Robertson (Greig, I, p. 301). -It does not seem to have been published. LETTER TO CRITICAL REVIEW 1759. Letter to the authors of the Critical Review [concerning the Epigoniad of Wilkie]. Anonymous. In Smollett’s Critical Review, April (vol. 7, pp. 323-334). First repr. in Ritchie’s Life of Hume (1807), app. II ; again in Works, ed. Green & Grose, IV, 425-37. Some of Hume’s letters of the time touch on the subject. DISPUTE WITH ROUSSEAU 1766. Expose succinct de la contestation qui s’est eleve entre M. Hume et M. Rousseau, avec les pieces justificatives. Anon. London [? Paris]. i2mo. Pp. xiv, 127. Publ. in Oct. The translator was J. B. A. Suard (see Hume’s letter of thanks to him, Nov. 5, in Greig, II, pp. 10 iff.), apparently with the editorial supervision of d’Alembert. Consists of correspondence between Hume and Rousseau, with connecting narrative passages by Hume. Rousseau had maligned him so deeply, and the city gossips had filled out the tale so apocryphally, that Hume was stung into adopting this method of clearing himself. His friends, both English and French, at first advised against publication, but soon d’Alembert and his circle changed their minds and urged it. Before they were published, “ the King and Queen of England expressed a strong desire to see these papers, and I was obliged to put them into their hand. They read them with avidity” {Greig, II, p. 84). In Jan. 1767 Hume sent the papers to the British Museum (letter ib., p. 117) but they were rejected ; they are now held by the Royal Scty. of Edin. Letters between Hume and Rousseau and to Hume on the affair are given in Greig, vol. II, appendices G, H and K.




See Greig’s David Hume (biography), pp. 348b for the current gossip, esp. in the St. James's Chronicle, and for reproduction of a contemporary print. The above French text is given in T. E. Ritchie’s Account of the life and writings of David Hume (1807), app. III. *1766. Expose . . . justificatives. Auquel on a joint le Docteur Pansophe, ou lettres de M. Voltaire. London [? Paris]. i2mo. xiv, 132. Translations. 1766. A concise and genuine account of the dispute between Mr. Hume and Mr. Rousseau : with the letters that passed between them during their controversy. As also the letters of the Hon. Mr. Walpole, and Mr. D’Alembert, relative to this extraordinary affair. Translated from the French. London (pr. for Beckett & De Hondt). 8vo. viii, 95. Anon. Hume directed this translation. Announced in Gentle¬ man's Mag., Nov. (vol. 36, p. 545 ; summary given on pp. 499-504). Reviewed in Monthly Rev., Nov. (vol. 35, pp. 390-402) by [Wm. Rose]. Hume never reprinted it. 1767. Esposizione della contestazione insorta fra il signor Davide Hume e il signor Gian Jacopo Russo con le scritture giustificative ed una dichiarazione agli editori del signor d’Alembert. Trasportata fedelmente dalla lingua francese. Venice.

OTHER LITERARY ACTIVITIES 1750. Concerned in the publication of Edin. ed. of Montesquieu’s * Esprit des lois, 2 vols., 8vo. Cp. M.’s letter to Hume in Burton, I, p. 457. x754- Essays and observations, physical and literary, read before the Philosophical Society in Edinburgh, and published by them. Vol. I. Edin. 2nd ed. 1771, Edin. It is a fair inference from the preface that Hume was joint-editor with Alex. Monro. 1785. Helped to see through the press (a) Alex. Gerard’s Essay on taste, which had been awarded a prize by the Select Scty. of Edin., Hume being one of the adjudicators. (b) Wm. Robertson’s History of Scotland.



1770. Memoirs of Russia, historical, political, and military, from the year MDCCXXVII, to MDCCXLIV . . . Trans, from the original manuscript of General Manstein. Lond. 4to. The prelim, advert, is signed by Hume. The work had been sent to him from Berlin by the Earl Marshal of Scotland with the request that he would scrutinize the translation and secure its publication. 2nd ed., 1773, Lond. Also 1856, Lond. 1773. Founded along with Adam Smith and others The Edinburgh Magazine and Review. By a society of gentlemen.

POSTHUMOUSLY PUBLISHED WORKS TWO ESSAYS 1777. Two essays [on suicide and immortality]. Anon. London. 8vo. Pp. 41. Unauthorized. See above under “ Four Dissertations AUTOBIOGRAPHY 1777. The life of David Hume, Esq. written by himself. London (pr. for W. Strahan & T. Cadell). Sm. 8vo. 5 11. (Cadell’s list of books by Hume ; hf. title ; portrait of Hume engr. by T. Cook ; t-p ; editor’s note), 1-62. Price is. 6d. The Life ends on p. 35 ; the rest is taken up by Adam Smith’s letter of Nov. 9, 1776, to Strahan recounting Hume’s last days (Smith had secured Hume’s leave to make some such addition—see Greig, II, p. 336). The title is Hume’s own (the entire MS. is in the Library of the Royal Scty., Edin.). The piece is dated April 18, 1776, “ a few days before I left Edinburgh, when I thought, as did all my friends, that my life was despaired of” (letter to Smith, Greig, II, p. 318). Hume intended it to be pre¬ fixed to the next edition of his works. Summarized in Gentleman’s Mag., Mar. 1777 (vol. 47, pp. 12of; cp. 158b). Reviewed by [R. Griffiths] in Monthly Rev., Lond., Mar. 1777 (vol. 56, pp. 206-13) ; also in London Rev., same month (vol. 5, pp. 198-205) by the editor, Wm. S. Kenrick.




Posthumous editions, except in collected works. 1826. Autobiography. A collection of the most instructive and amusing lives ever published, written by the parties them¬ selves. London. In vol. 2. 1927. My own life by David Hume. An ed. of 80 numbered copies printed at the Mill House Press, Stanford Dingley. Frequently prefixed to editions of Hume’s History. Translations. *1777. Vie de David Hume, ecrite par lui-meme. London [? Paris]. *Also same year, Leipzig. Suard is supposed to be the translator. 1787. Davidis Humei, Scoti, summi apud suos philosophi, de vita sua acta, liber singularis. 4to. No place, but probably Edin. The trans. is always attributed to Sir D. Dalrymple. [? 1820]. Vita di David Hume, scritta da lui medesimo. [1888]. French. See under Political Discourses, translations. DIALOGUES




1779. Dialogues concerning natural religion. By David Hume, Esq ; Printed in 1779. This is the entire title-page. Contemporary notices give Robinson of London as the bookseller. 8vo. 1 1. (t-p), 1-152. 4s. sewed. Brief notice in Gent. Mag., Oct. (vol. 49, pp. 507f.). Reviewed by [Wm. Rose] in Monthly Rev., Nov. (vol. 61, PP- 343-55)) and in Weekly Magazine or Edinburgh Amusement, Oct. The MS. is in the library of the Royal Scty. of Edin. On it see 1935 ed. of the Dialogues ed. by N. K. Smith (below), who distinguishes an original draft of c. 1751-7, corrections in this of c. 1761, and a second revision of 1776. Hume had had the dialogues long in hand. The first mention is in a letter of 1751 (Greig, I, I53flf.). The pressure of his friends through some twenty years prevented him from publishing, though in June 1776, three months before his death, he told Strahan (ib., II, 323) that as soon as he returned to Edinburgh he would print an edition of 500, distribute 100 among his friends, and hand over the rest to Strahan. He changed his mind and made provision for their publication after his death, first committing the





task to Adam Smith, then, by a codicil of Aug. 7, 1776, to his will, to Strahan with the condition that if the latter should not publish them within years of Hume’s death they were to be committed to Hume’s nephew David, “ whose duty in publishing them as the last request of his uncle, must be approved of by all the world As a precaution against accident and excuse he had two copies made of his MS., one for Smith and one for Strahan, leaving the original to his nephew David, by whom the work was seen through the press, Strahan having declined to act (see his letters of Feb. 13 and March 3, 1777, in the library of the Royal Scty. of Edin.). 1779. Dialogues concerning natural religion. By David Hume, Esq. The second edition. London : M.DCC.LXXIX. Nothing more on t-p. 8vo. 2 11. (hf. title ; t-p.), 5-264. Posthumous editions, except in collected works. 1804. Dialogues on natural religion. By David Hume, Esq. The third edition. London (Thos. Hughes). 8vo. 1 1. (t-p. with vignette), 5-264. The sheets seem to be those of the second edition. [1875]. “ A new edition, with a preface and notes, which bring the subject down to the present time.” London (Scott). 1907. With an intro, by Bruce M’Ewen. Edin. & London. The intro, runs to 108 pp. [1928]. Repr. entire in “Hume, Selections”, ed. with intro, by C. W. Hendel. London (also New York). 1935. Edited with an intro, by Norman Kemp Smith. Oxford. The text edited afresh from the Edinburgh MS., restoring omitted passages and noting the autograph corrections. The intro, is a valuable contribution to the long controversy about the main import of the Dialogues. On this see E. C. Mossner in Mind, vol. 45 (1936), pp. 334-49 ; B. M. Laingin Philosophy, vol. 12 (1937), pp. 175-90 ; and E. C. Mossner in Philosophy, vol. 13 (1938), pp. 84-6. Translations. 1779. Dialogues sur la religion naturelle. Ouvrage posthume de David Hume Ecuyer. A Edimbourg. (Entire t-p.) Despite the imprint, probably printed and publ. in France or Holland. *1781. Gesprache iiber natiirliche Religion, aus dem Engl, von




K. G. Schreiter, nebst einem Gesprache iiber den Atheismus von E. Platner. Leipzig. The appearance of this precluded the publication of a translation made by J. G. Hamann, which Kant saw in MS. in 1780 (see Kemp Smith’s ed. of the Dialogues, 1935, p. 39). 1877. Dialoge iiber natiirliche Religion. Ueber Selbstmord und Unsterblichkeit der Seele. Ins Deutsche iibers. und mit einer Einleitung versehen von Fr. Paulsen. Leipzig. 3rd ed. [1905]. *1887. Trans, by C. Renouvier. Paris. 1900. Prirozene dejiny nabozenstvi a rozmluvy o nabo^enstvi priozenem [Natural history of rejigion and Dialogues cone, natural religion]. Trans, by J. Skola. Prague. MINOR PAPERS The descent on the coast of Brittany in 1746, and the causes of its failure. Hume took part in this expedition. MS. in library of the Royal Scty. of Edin. First printed in Burton, I, 441-56 ; again in Works, ed. Green & Grose, IV, 443-60. Hume gives another account in a letter to his brother John (Greig, I, pp. 94-8). Cp. Monthly Review, vol. 14 (April 1756), pp. 292-5. Of the authenticity of Ossian’s poems, c. 1763. MS. in library of the Royal Scty., Edin. First printed in Burton, I, 471-80 (with Hume’s corresp. on the subject, 462-71, to which add his letter to Gibbon the historian in Greig, II, p. 310) ; again in Works, ed. Green & Grose, IV, 415-24. Official despatches (while Charge d’affaires at Paris). There are 16 to the Secretary of State, July to Nov. 1765, in the Public Record Office, London (State Papers 78). One printed in full by way of sample in Greig, II, pp. 404-6.

SPURIA *1760. Le caffe, ou 1’Lcossaise, comedie par Mr. Hume, traduite en fran$ais. Londres [Geneva]. i2mo. xii, 204. ^a^er editions bear Voltaire’s name. In Oeuvres completes de Voltaire. Nouvelle edition, Paris, vol. 5 (1877) pp 421-70 *1829. Histoire abregee de la session de 1828, ecrite a’l’avance par David Hume. 8vo. pp. 15.


1757. Anon.

Admonitions from the dead, in epistles to the living ; addressed by certain spirits of both sexes, to their friends or enemies on earth . . . Lond. i2mo. xii, 316. First two epistles purport to be from “ Henry St. John to David Hume ”. The chastened Bolingbroke, who has seen the truth in the after-life, ponderously exhorts Hume to see it while he is yet alive. The tragedy of Douglas analysed. London. 8vo.

PP- 23See Hume’s dedication of his Four Dissertations (1757) to John Home, author of Douglas. Hume’s support of the play called forth other anon, pamph¬ lets in the same year : A Letter to Mr. David Hume, on the tragedy of Douglas ; its analysis : and the charge against Mr. Garrick. By an English critic, London, 8vo, pp. 19 (on the above pamphlet) ; Apology for the writers against the tragedy of Douglas. With some remarks on that play, Edin., 8vo, pp. 15 (? by John Maclaurin, later Lord Dreghorn. The Select Society, standing for correctness of style, finds in Addison’s Spectator ten errors to a page, and Hume, the coryphaeus of the society, “ has a copy ... in which this decalogue of errors is marked with his own hand ”). 1777. Anon. Life and writings of the late David Hume. In Annual Register for 1-776, append., pp. 27-32. 1777. See Adam Smith, Letter to Strahan. 1777. [Horne, Geo.]. A letter to Adam Smith LL.D. on the life, death, and philosophy of his friend David Hume, Esq. By one of the people called Christians. Oxford. Sm. 8vo. iv, 47. 43










Two further editions in same year, 4th in 1784, all Oxford; 1799, 1804, 1811, 1819, 1820, and 1836, all Lond. Also prefixed to Horne’s Letters on infidelity, 1784, 1806 and 1819. [Pratt, S. J.]. An apology for the life and writings of David Hume Esq. with a parallel between him and the late Lord Chesterfield : to which is added an address to one of the people called Christians. By way of reply to his letter to Adam Smith. London. Sm. 8vo. xv, 167. Reviewed in Gentleman’s Mag., vol. 47 (1777), pp. 322-8. In some catalogues the pamphlet is attrib. to Rd. Hurd. Sec. v is reprinted as sec. iii in Curious particulars . . . 1788 (below). Anon. A panegyrical essay . . . proving that the present times are . . . the most heroic, wise, and virtuous : with some occasional encomiums on a late apology for the life and writings of David Hume, Esq. Oxford. 4to, pp. 27. [? Pratt, S. J.]. Supplement to the life of David Hume, Esq., containing genuine anecdotes, and a circumstantial account of his death and funeral. To which is added, a certified copy of his last will and testament. London. Sm. 8vo, pp. 64. Also 1789 (“ A new ed.”). Anon. Dialogues in the shades, between General Wolfe, General Montgomery, David Hume, George Grenville, and Charles Townshend. London. Sm. 8vo. iv, 120. Mackenzie, Hy. Story of La Roche. In *The Mirror, Edin., June 19, 22, and 26; repr. in M.’s Works (8 vols., Edin., 1808), vol. 4, pp. 175-207. A short sentimental tale, apparently intended to depict Hume as morally irreproachable, indeed, praiseworthy, but also to show the futility of philosophy and the necessity of religion in times of affliction. Cp. below, 1811. [Horne, Geo.]. Letters on infidelity. By the author of A letter to Dr. Adam Smith. Ox. 8vo. [viii], 301Rev. in Gent. Mag., vol. 54 (1784), pp. 607-9, and in Monthly Rev., vol. 73 (1786), pp. 338-43,





where the book is already attributed to Home. Includes discussion of Pratt’s Apology (above, 1777), Hume’s scepticism, and Hume’s essay on suicide. Repr. 1806, Oxford, 8vo ; 1819, Lond., 8vo. 1784. Anon. Hume. - In New and general biographical diet., Lond., new ed. (12 vols.), vol. 7. Also in 1798 ed. (15 vols.), vol. 8. 1788 [Pratt, S. J.]. Curious particulars and genuine anecdotes respecting the late Lord Chesterfield and David Hume, Esq. With a parallel between these cele¬ brated personages . . . Lond. 8vo. vii, 107. Sec. 3 (the “ parallel ”) is a repr. of sec. 5 of Pratt’s Apology, 1777 above. 1791. Anon. David Hume. In British Plutarch, Lond., 3rd ed., vol. 7, pp. I97_2I91791. Boswell, Jas. Life of Samuel Johnson. Passim. See index of G. B. Hill’s edition (1887, 6 vols., Oxford). See also Private papers of James Boswell, ed. by G. Scott and F. A. Pottle, vol. 12 (1931), pp. 227-32 (repr. in N. K. Smith’s ed. of Hume’s Dialogues cone, natural religion, 1935, pp. 97-100). 1800. Agutter, W. On the difference between the deaths of the righteous and the wicked, illustrated in the instance of Dr. Samuel Johnson, and David Hume, Esq. A sermon, preached before the University of Oxford . . . London, pp. 19. How Hume would die had long been a matter of interest. Cp. Horne’s letter to Smith (above, 1777), Boswell, and Wesley’s sermon preached at Halifax Apl. 21, 1790 {Works, 1878, vol. 7, esp. pp. 336 and 342). 1800. Smellie, Wm. Literary and characteristical lives of John Gregory, Hy. Home (Lord Kames), David Hume, and Adam Smith. Edin. La. 8vo. ix, 450. 1802. “ G.N.” [?Norvell, Geo.]. Anecdotes of David Hume, Esq. By one who personally knew him. In Edin. Mag., or Literary Miscellany, vol. 19 (N.S.), pp. 429-31. Repr. in Burton (below, 1846), vol. 2, pp. 7ff.



1807. Ritchie, Thos. E. An account of the life and writings of David Hume, Esq. London. 8vo. vii, 520. 1811. Anon. Interesting anecdote of a well known English philosopher. Wolverhampton. Sm. 8vo. Pp. 16. Unacknowledged abbreviation of Mackenzie, 1779 above. 1812-5. Nichols, J. Literary anecdotes of the eighteenth century. 9 vols. London. Passim. See index. 1820. Anon. Private correspondence of David Hume with several distinguished persons, between the years 1761 and 1776. Now first published from the originals. London. 4to. xix, 285. Chiefly letters from H. to Comtesse de Boufflers and Marquise de Barbentane, and from Rousseau to Hume and others. Until the publication of Greig’s edition of H.’s letters (below, 1932) this volume was indispensable. 1835. Chambers, Robt. (ed.). Biographical dictionary of eminent Scotsmen. 4 vols. Glasgow. New ed., rev. by Thos. Thomson, 3 vols., 1870, London. 1841. Murray, Thos. Letters of David Hume and extracts from letters referring to him. Edin. Pp. 80. Deal chiefly with the dispute with Vincent during H.’s service under the Marquis of Annandale. 1845-6. Brougham, Henry, Lord. Lives of men of letters. Vol. 1 contains a sketch of Hume with an appen¬ dix of hitherto unpublished letters. 1846. Burton, J. H. Life and correspondence of David Hume. From the papers bequeathed by his nephew to the Royal Society of Edinburgh ; and other original sources. Edin. 2 vols. Still the standard Life. Rev. in Quarterly Review, vol. 76 (1846), pp. 75-113; Dublin Univ. Mag., vol. 27 (1846), 356-71 and 576-91 ; Edin. Rev., vol. 85 (1847), I_72 5 Westminster Rev., vol. 46 (1847), pp. 144-74. 1849. [Burton, J. H.]. Letters of eminent persons addressed to David Hume. From the papers bequeathed by his nephew to the Royal Society of Edinburgh. Edin. & Lond. xxix, 334.





x859- Allibone, S. A. Critical dictionary of English literature. Philad. & Lond. Vol. i, pp. 914-8. 1869. [Oliphant, M. O.]. Historical sketches of the reign of George II : The sceptic. In Blackwood's Mag., vol. 105, pp. 665-91. Repr. in book-form same year under same general title. 1888. Hill, G. B. Letters of David Hume to William Strahan. Now first edited with notes, index, etc. Oxford, xlvi, 386. Includes some letters to Strahan from Adam Smith, John Home and Jas. Hutton. 1891. Stephen, L. David Hume. In Diet, of Nat. Biogr., Lond., vol. 28, pp. 215-26. 1899. Stuart, W. English philosophical styles. Manchester. Literary studies of Bacon, Hobbes, Berkeley, Hume and J. S. Mill. 1901. Graham, Hy. G. Scottish men of letters in the eighteenth century. Lond. xii, 441. Repr. 1908, Lond. 1909. Seth, Jas. A Scottish philosopher in France. In Trans, of the Franco-Scottish Scty., Edin., vol. 5, pt. i, pp. 208-18. 1926. Metz, R. Berkeley und Hume. Sammelbericht. 2Teil:Hume. In Literarische Berichte aus dem Gebiete der Philo¬ sophic, Heft 11-12. 1927. Same. Bibliographic der Hume-Literatur. Ibid., Heft 15-16. Hitherto the only extended bibliography. I am much indebted to it. 1929. Same. Les amities frangaises de Hume et le mouvement des idees. In Rev. de litt. comparie, vol. 9, pp. 644-713. 1929. Toynbee, Paget. Mme du Deffand and Hume. In Mod. Language Review, vol. 24, pp. 447-51. [1931]. Braham, E. G. The life of David Hume (the terrible David). Lond. Pp. 99. 1931. Greig, J. Y. T. David Hume. Lond. Pp. 436. A biography, based on the following. 1932. Same. The letters of David Hume. Oxford. 2 vols. Contains 548 from Hume and a number to him. Of these, according to the editor, 60 have not been printed before and 71 have been printed before in part only. In view of the extensiveness of the




search and the richness of annotation this is likely to remain the definitive edition. Adam Smith writes of Hume to Strahan soon after Hume’s death : “He always disliked the thought of his letters ever being published. He had been in long and intimate correspondence with a relation of his own who dyed a few years ago. When that gentleman’s health began to decline he was extremely anxious to get back his letters, least the heir should think of publishing them. They were accordingly returned, and burnt” (Rae, Smith, 1895, p. 310). 1932. Same & Beynon, H. Calendar of Hume manuscripts in the Royal Society of Edinburgh. In Proc. of the R.S.E., vol. lii. Pp. 138. 1932. Dickson, W. K. David Hume and the Advocates’ Library. In the Juridical Review, March. Offprint, Edin., pp. 16.


A letter from Mons. de Voltaire, to Mr. Hume, on his dispute with M. Rousseau. Translated from the French. London. 8vo. Pp. 16. Dated Ferney, Oct. 24, 1766. Repr. in V.’s Oeuvres completes, 1879, vol. 26, pp. 29-34. 1766. Anon. A defence of Mr. Rousseau, against the aspersions of Mr. Hume, Mons. Voltaire, and their associates. London. 8vo. iv, 44. Burton attrib. to Fuseli ; Bodleian cat. to Ed. B. Greene. *1766. Verax, J. Le rapporteur de bonne foi. *1766. Anon. Justification de J.-J. Rousseau dans la contestation qui lui est survenue avec M. Hume. *n.d. Anon. Reflexions posthumes sur le grand proces de Jean-Jacques avec David. 1767. Anon. Precis pour M. J.-J. Rousseau, en reponse a l’expose succinct de M. Hume. [Paris.] Pp. 88, 31. 1767. [Heathcote, Ralph]. A letter to the Honorable Mr. Horace Walpole, concerning the dispute between Mr. Hume and Mr. Rousseau. London. i2mo. Pp. 23.





Hume refers to this in letter to Blair (Greig, I, 134). See also “A narrative of what passed relative to the quarrel of Mr. David Hume and Jean Jacques Rousseau, as far as Mr. Horace Walpole was concerned in it ”, in Walpole’s Works, London, vol. 4 (1798), pp. 249ff. ; and The letters of Horace Walpole, ed. by Mrs. Paget Toynbee, Oxford, I903-51768. Bergerat, M. Plaidoyer pour et contre J. J. Rousseau et le docteur D. Hume . . . avec des anecdotes interessantes relatives au sujet. London. i2mo. Pp. 298. 1799. Anon. Original letters of J. J. Rousseau to M. de Malesherbes, M. d’Alembert, Madame la M. de Luxembourg, &c. &c. . . . Translated from the French. London, viii, 200. “ New ed.” 1820, Lond. 1908. Collins, J. C. Voltaire, Montesquieu and Rousseau in England. London, viii, 292. 1910. Courtois, L. J. Le sejour de Jean-Jacques Rousseau en Angleterre (1766-1767). Lettres et documents inedits. In Annales de la Societe J.-J. Rousseau, Geneva, vol. 6, pp. 1-313. 1912. Levy-Bruhl, L. Quelques mots sur la querelle de Hume et de Rousseau. In Rev. de meta. et de morale, 2oe annee, pp. 417-28. 1925. Pottle, F. A. The part played by Horace Walpole and James Boswell in the quarrel between Rousseau and Hume. In Philol. Quarterly, Iowa, vol. 4, pp. 351-63. 1926. Schinz, Albert. La querelle Rousseau-Hume. In Ann. de la Societe J.-J. Rousseau, vol. 17, pp. 13-51 (with an appendix by F. A. Pottle). 1932. Greig, T. Y. T. The letters of David Hume. 2 vols. Oxford. See vol. 2, appendices G, H & K.

ON HIS HISTORY 1756. [M’Queen, Daniel]. Letters on Mr. Hume’s History of Great Britain. Edin. 8vo. Pp. 328. Rev. by [Wm. R.ose] in Monthly Review, vol. 14



(1756), pp. 309-22. The author was Minister of the Old Kirk, Edinburgh. His criticism led to some modifications in Hume’s next edition. 1760. [Tytler, Wm.]. An historical and critical enquiry into the evidence produced by the Earls of Murray and Morton, against Mary Queen of Scots. With an examination of . . . Hume’s History. Edin. 8vo. viii, 262, 31. 3rd ed. 1772, Edin. 4th ed. 1790, Edin., 2 vols. French trans. *1772, Paris; repr. i860, Paris. *1764. Voltaire, F. M. A. de. (Notice of the History) In La Gazette Litteraire, 2 mai. Repr. in his Oeuvres, 1877 ff., vol. 25, pp. 169-73. 1767. Anon. Abriss des gegenwartigen naturlichen und politischen Zustandes von Grossbritannien. Ein vollstandiges Handbuch fur Reisende . . . Aus dem Englischen des Herrn Hume. Copenhagen. 8vo. [vi], 404. Not a trans. and only partly based on Hume. 1772. O’Halloran, S. An introduction to the study of the history and antiquities of Ireland : in which the assertions of Mr. Hume and other writers are occasionally considered. London. 4to. 1778. Towers, Joseph. Observations on Mr. Hume’s History of England. London. 8vo. vii, 151. Rev. by [Andrew Kippis] in Monthly Review,

v?V 59 (078), pp. 19-25Critical observations concerning the Scottish his¬ torians Hume, Stuart, and Robertson . . . with a literary picture of Dr. Robertson, in a contrasted opposition with the celebrated Mr. Hume. London. 8vo. Pp. 53. 1783. Hennings, A. Philosophische und statistische Geschichte des Ursprungs und des Fortgangs der Freyheit in Engeland. Nach Hume, Blackstone und andern bewahrten Quellen ausgearbeitet. Copenhagen. 8vo. Pp. 382. 1822. Brodie, Geo. History of the British Empire . . . including a particular examination of Mr. Hume’s statements . . . Edin. 4 vols. See also J. S. Mill’s review of this in Westminster Review, vol. 2 (1824), PP- 346-402. 1782. Anon.





1825. Campbell, Hugh. The love letters of Mary Queen of Scots . . . explained by State Papers, and the writings of . . . Hume . . . 2nd ed. London. 8vo. xiii, 336, 63. 1826. [Palgrave, Sir Francis]. Anglo-Saxon history. , In Quarterly Review, London, vol. 34, pp. 248-98. Repr. in Palgrave's collected historical works, Camb., vol. 9 (1922), pp. 375-428. 1844. Same. Hume and his influence upon history. Ibid., vol. 73, pp. 536-92. Repr. in Palgrave’s Works, vol. 9, pp. 535-98. 1862. Holtzke. David Hume and T. B. Macaulay. Progr. Halle. 1871. Bisset, Andrew. Essays on historical truth. London. Essay V on Hume. 1897. Goebel, H. Das philosophische in Humes Geschichte von England. Marburg. Pp. 114. 1903. Daiches, S. Ueber das Verhaltnis der Geschichtsschreibung David Humes zu seiner praktischen Philosophic. Diss. Leipzig. Pp. 58. * 1903. Goldstein, J. Die empiristische Geschichtsauffassung David Humes mit Beriicksichtigung moderner methodologischer und erkenntnistheoretischer Probleme. Leipzig. 1906. Sabine, G. H. Hume’s contribution to the historical method. In Philos. Review, N.Y., vol. 15, pp. 17-38. 1911. Fueter, E. Geschichte der neueren Historiographie. Munich & Berlin. 3rd ed. 1936, Munich. 1913. Hunt, Wm. Hume and modern historians. In Camb. Hist, of Engl. Literature, vol. 10, ch. 12. 1926. Black, J. B. The art of history. A study of four great historians of the eighteenth century. London, viii, 188. On Voltaire, Hume, Robertson and Gibbon. 1926. Wegrich, A. D. Die Geschichtsauffassung David Humes im Rahmen seines philosophischen Systems. Diss. Cologne. 1936. Meinecke, Fr. Die Entstehung des Historismus. 2 vols. Munich & Berlin. Vol. I, pp. 209-47 on Hume. There are numerous passing references to Hume’s History in the early vols. of the Edin. Review. See the General Index to this periodical, 1813 (to vols. 1-20) and 1832 (to vols. 21-50).






1753- [Wallace, Robt.].





A dissertation on the numbers of mankind in antient and modern times : in which the superior populousness of antiquity is maintained. With an appendix, containing additional observations on the same subject, and some remarks on Mr. Hume’s Political discourse, of the populousness of antient nations. Edin. 8vo. Pp. 331. 2nd ed. 1809, Edin. Although this was written against himself, H. revised the proof-sheets of it for the author, and from it made some corrections in the next edition of his essay (see his note to this in 1st ed., p. 155; his letter in Greig, I, 177b ; and Rousseau, Confessions, pt. II, bk. xii under year 1765). Reviewed by [Wm. Rose] in Monthly Rev., Lond., vol. 8 (1753), pp. 191-9. *1755. Mirabeau, Victor Riquetti (Marquis de). L’Ami des hommes. Paris. 5 vols. i2mo. The Abbe Le Blanc writes in an undated letter to Hume (in Burton, I, p. 461) : Mirabeau “ m’a remis un exemplaire de son ouvrage, qu’il m’a prie de vous presenter comme un tribut de son estime et de la reconnoissance qu’il vous doit, pour l’utilite qu’il a tiree de vos Discours Politiques ”. 1795-9. Anon. The politician’s creed. Being the great outline of political science. From the writings of Monte¬ squieu, Hume, Gibbon, Paley, Townsend, &c. &c. By an Independent. 2 vols. London. 8vo. 1801. Clarke, T. B. A survey of the strength and opulence of Great Britain . . . with observations by Dean Tucker, and David Hume, Esq. in a correspondence with Lord Kaimes ; now first published. London. 8vo. viii, 240. The correspondence is simply H.’s letter of Mch. 4, 1758 to Karnes (in Greig, I, 270-2) and Tucker’s undated reply. *French trans. of above byj. Marchena, 1802, Paris. 1890. Feilbogen, S. Smith und Hume. In Zeitschr.f. die ges. Staatswissenschaft, Tubingen, vol. 46, Heft 4, pp. 695-716. j893. Bonar, J. Philosophy and political economy in some of their





historical relations. London. 2nd ed. 1909 ; 3rd 1922. 1897. Laviosa, G. La filosofia scientifica del diritto in Inghilterra. Parte I. Da Bacone a Hume. Turin. On Hume PP- 697-850. 1900. Klemme, Max. Die volkswirtschaftlichen Anschauungen David Humes. Jena. Pp. 100. 1900. Lechartier, Georges. David Hume, moraliste et sociologue. Paris. Pp. 275. J902. Schatz, Albert. L’oeuvre economique de David Hume. These. Paris, xii, 303. 1902. Teisseire, M. Les essais economiques de David Hume. These. Paris. Pp. 215. 1905. Raffel, Fr. Englische Freihandler vor Adam Smith. In Zjeitschr. f die ges. Staatswissenschaft, Erganzungsheft xviii. Pp. v, 193 (104-118 on Hume). 1907. Sussnitzki, J. Die Gesellschafts- und Staatslehre David Humes. Diss. Strassburg. viii, hi. *1908. Joffe, A. Die Philosophic des Individualismus und die biirgerliche Gesellschaft : Hume und Mach. In Die Neue %eit, 26 Jahrg., Nr. 33. *1915. Michelis, Enrico de. Su le dottrine sociologiche e politiche di David Hume. In Studi di storia e di critica dedicati a O.C. Falletti, Bologna. 1928. Wallenfels, Walter. Die Rechtsphilosophie David Humes. Gottinger Diss. Pp. 66. 1929. Thies, Hermann. David Hume als wissenschaftlicher und politischer Schriftsteller. Kolner Diss. Pp. 59. ON HIS PHILOSOPHY Great Britain, Ireland and America

1751. See Home, Hy., Essays. 1751. Rutherforth, T. The credibility of miracles defended against the author of Philosophical Essays in a discourse delivered at . . . Cambridge . . . Camb. 4to. [iv], 22. Rev. by [Wm. Rose] in Monthly Review, vol. 5 (i750> pp- 356-61.




1752. Adams, Wm. An essay on Mr. Hume’s essay on miracles. Lond. 8vo. Pp. 134. 1754, 2nd ed., Lond., i2mo ; 1776, 4th, Shrewsbury. *1751, Italian trans., Saggio in risposta a Mr. Hume circa i miracoli, Venice. *c. 1753 [Ellys, Anthony]. Remarks on an essay concerning miracles, published by David Hume . . . 4to. 1753. See Anderson, Geo., Estimate of profit and loss. 1753. See Balfour, Jas., Delineation. Cp. Hume’s letter to him Mar. 15, 1753 (Greig, I, 172-4). 1753. Clayton, R. Some thoughts on self-love, innate ideas, free-will . . . liberty and necessity, etc. occasioned by reading Mr. Hume’s works . . . Lond. 8vo. Pp. 66. Rev. by [Roger Flexman] in Monthly Review, vol. 9 (I754)J PP- 216-22. 1755. See Anderson, Geo., An analysis. An attempt to have Hume arraigned before the Assembly. Replied to in same year by Blair, Observations ; the latter replied to by Anderson, Infidelity, 1756. 1755. Leland, John. A view of the principal deistical writers of the last and present century. Lond. 8vo. Vol. 2, pp. 1-135 on Hume. 1757. Anon. Three questions resolved . . . With a postscript on Mr. Hume’s Natural history of religion. Lond. 8vo. Pp. 56. 1757* [Warburton, Wm. & Hurd, Rd.]. Remarks on Mr. David Hume’s essay on the natural history of religion : addressed to the Rev. Dr. Warburton. Lond. 8vo. Pp. 76.

q rc I75B- |>tona,

1777, new ed., Lond. Also in Warburton’s Works, 1788, Lond., vol. 7, pp. 847-87. Warb. wrote the first draft and Hurd, at his request, revised and publ. it (see Letters from a late eminent prelate to one of his friends [i.e. from Warb. to Hurd], 3rd ed., 1809, pp. 239ff.). For other comments of Warburton on Hume see Selections from unpubl. papers of . . . Wm. Warburton, ed. by F. Kilvert, 1841 pp. 3o9f., 311.5. Ihos.J. Remarks upon the Natural history of religion by Mr. Hume. With dialogues on heathen





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Appended to his Discourses on the Jewish and Christian dispensations . . . Camb., 8vo. 1803. See Arthur, Archibald. 1805. See Brown, Thos., Observations. 1806. Anon. Short inquiry into the proof of miracles. Edin. 8vo. Pp. 14. 1812. Hollis, John. Free thoughts : consisting of remarks occa¬ sioned by Paley’s reply to Hume . . . Lond. 8vo. Pp. 168. 1815. Somerville, James. Remarks on an article in the Edinburgh Review, in which the doctrine of Hume on miracles is maintained. Edin. 8vo. Pp. 34. 1819. [Whately, Rd.]. Historic doubts relative to Napoleon Buonaparte. Lond. 8vo. Pp. 48. The famous pamphlet showing that by Hume’s criteria the existence of Napoleon is extremely doubtful. 1824. [Shepherd, Lady Mary]. An essay upon the relation of cause and effect, controverting the doctrine of Mr. Hume . . . Lond. 8vo. vii, 194. 1827. Anon. An essay on the academical or sceptical philosophy, as applied by Mr. Hume to the perception of external existence . . . Lond. xvi [iv], 416. 1830. [Lyall, Alfred]. A review of the principles of necessary and contingent truth, in reference chiefly to the doc¬ trines of Hume and Reid. Lond. 8vo. iv, 222. 1830. See Morehead, Robt. 1837. O’Connor, Hy. Connected essays and tracts, being a series of inferences, deduced chiefly from . . . the most celebrated sceptics . . . Dublin. 8vo. xxiv, 344. !^39- [De Quincey, Thos.]. On Hume’s argument against mir¬ acles. In Blackwood’s Mag., Edin., vol. 46, pp. 91-9. 1846. Taylor, W. C. The philosophy of David Hume. In Bentley's Miscellany, vol. 19, pp. 494-502.





1856. Vincent, G. G. The science of moral nature . . . and an introductory discourse on two essays of Mr. David Hume . . . Lond. i2mo. xxix, 249. 1857. “ Mathus Exposure of the real nature and sophisms of David Hume’s argument against miracles. Show¬ ing that the replies given to that celebrated argu¬ ment . . . have failed to exhibit it in its true light. Glasgow. 8vo. Pp. 48. i860. Anon. David Hume. An essay biographical and critical. Lond. 8vo. Pp. 28. 1863. Napier, Sir Joseph. Butler’s argument on miracles explained and defended : with observations on Hume . . . To which is added a critical dissertation by . . . H. L. Mansel. Dublin. 8vo. ii, 53. 1865. See M’Cosh. 1867. Stephen, Sir Jas. Fitzj. Hume’s Essays. In *Saturday Review, Lond. Repr. in his Horae sabbaticae, 2nd series, 1892, Lond., pp. 367-85. 1869. Hunt, John. David Hume. In Contemp. Review, Lond., vol. 11, pp. 79-100. 1871. Smith, T. F. The metaphysical miracles of the New Testa¬ ment . . . with reference to the doctrine of Hume that no amount of testimony can be credited against the fixity of nature’s laws. Lond. 8vo. Pp- 791874. Green, T. H. General introduction to Hume’s Treatise. In Hume’s Works, ed. by Green & Grose, vol. 1. Repr. in Green’s Works, 1885, vol. 1. 1876. Watson, John. Kant’s reply to Hume. In Journ. of Speculative Philosophy, St. Louis, vol. 10, pp. 113-34. 1879. Huxley, T. H. Hume. Lond. 8vo. vi, 208. Repr. often, and included in vol. 6 of his Collected Essays, 1894. Reviewed by G. C. Robertson in Mind, vol. 4 (1879), pp. 270-4 (repr. in his Philos, remains, 1894, pp. 373"^)- See a^so Huxleys exposition of Hume’s philosophy ” by Noah Porter in Princeton Review, 55th year, Nov. 1879, pp. 421-50 ; and below 1883 and 1895. French trans. by G. Compayre, 1880, Paris. *1879. Thompson, J. P. Final cause : a critique of the failure of Paley and the fallacy of Hume. Lond.




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1787. Jacobi, Fr. H. Ueber den Glauben oder Idealismus und Realismus. Ein Gesprach. Breslau, ix, 230. 1792-3. Merian, J. B. Sur le phenomenisms de David Hume. In Memoires de VAcademie Royale des sciences et belleslettres (of Berlin), pp. 417-37. 1794. Standlin, C. Fr. Geschichte u. Geist des Skeptizismus. Lpzg. 2 vols. 1803. Buhle,J. G. Geschichte der neuern Philosophic. Gottingen. Vol. 5, pp. 193-246. 1819. Tennemann, W. G. Geschichte der Philosophic. Lpzg. Vol. 11. Pp. 417-68. [1832]. Kahle, K. M. De Davidis Humii philosophia. Diss. Berlin, iv, 45. *1870. Schulze, W. F. Hume und Kant iiber den Kausalbegriff. Diss. Rostock. 1871. Jodi, Fr. David Humes Lehre von der Erkenntnis. Halle. 1872. Same. Leben und Philosophic David Humes. Gekronte Preisschrift. Halle, [vi], 202. 1874. Pfleiderer, E. Empirismus und Skepsis in Humes Philosophic als abschliessende Zersetzung der engl. Erkenntnislehre, Moral und Religionswissenschaft. Berlin, xii, 540.




1875. Becker, Th. De philosophia Lockii et Humii, Spinozismi fructu, criticismi gremine. Diss. Halle. Pp. 31. 1875. Spicker, G. Kant, Hume und Berkeley. Eine Kritik der Erkenntnistheorie. Berlin. Pp. 211. 1877. Meinong, A. Hume-Studien. I. In Sitzungsber. d. kaiserl. Akad. d. Wissensch., Wien., philos.-histor. Klasse, vol. 87, pp. 185-260. Also, with II, in his Gesammelte Abhandlungen, Lpzg., vols. 1 & 2 (1913-4). Rev. by G. C. Robertson in Mind, vol. 3 (1878), pp. 384-9 (repr. in his Philos, remains, 1894, pp. 360-7). II, 1882, ibid., vol. 101, pp. 573-750. 1877. Speckmann, A. Ueber Humes metaphysische Skepsis. Diss. Bonn. Pp. 66. 1877. Zwerschke, A. Humes Enquiry cone, human understanding in Bezug auf den Fortschritt der Erkenntnistheorie gewiirdigt. Beilage zum Jahresber. d. Biirgerschule zu Striegau. Pp. 19. 1878. Gizycki, G. von. Die Ethik David Humes in ihrer geschichtl. Stellung. Nebst einem Anhang ii. d. universelle Gliickseligkeit als oberstes Moralprincip. Breslau, xvii, 357. [1878]. Kiihne, R. Ueber das Verhaltnis der Humeschen und Kantischen Erkenntnistheorie. Diss (Rostock). Berlin. 1878. Ritter, Chr. Kant und Hume. Diss. Halle. Pp. 55. 1880. Latimer, J. F. Immediate perception as held by Reid and Hamilton considered as a refutation of the scepti¬ cism of Hume. Diss. Lpzg. 1880. Runze, M. Kants Kritik an Humes Skepticismus. Diss. (Greifswald). Berlin. Pp. 39. 1881. Konig, E. Ueber den Substanzbegriff bei Locke und Hume. Diss. Lpzg. Pp. 75. Also in Philos. Studien (ed. by W. Wundt), vol. 1, pp. 261-335. 1881. Mainzer, J. Die kritische Epoche in der Lehre von der Einbildungskraft aus Humes und Kants theoretischer Philosophic nachgewiesen. Jena, iv, 86. 1881. Zart, G. Einfluss der engl. Philosophen seit Bacon auf die deutsche Philosophic des 18. Jahrhunderts. Berlin. Pp. 239.





1883. Zimmermann, R. Ueber Humes Stellung zu Berkeley und Kant. In Sitzungsber. d. kaiserl. Akad. d. Wissensch., Wien, philos.-histor. Klasse, vol. 103, pp. 67-140. 1884. Same. Ueber Humes empirische Begriindung der Moral. Ibid., vol. 105, pp. 705-98. 1884. Wittstein, Th. Der Streit zwischen Glauben und Wissenschaft auf Grundlage der Lehre David Humes. Hanover. Pp. 16. 1885. Gordy, J. P. Hume as sceptic. Diss. (Lpzg.). Berlin. Pp. 70. [1887]. Raffel, J. Die Voraussetzungen, welche den Empirismus Lockes, Berkeleys und Humes zum Idealismus fiihrten. Diss. Berlin. Pp. 46. 1887. Stuckenberg, J. H. W. Grundprobleme in Hume. In Philos. Vortrdge, Halle, Heft 13, pp. 1-35. 1888. Erdmann, B. Hume und Kant um 1762. In Archiv f. Gesch. d. Philos., vol. 1, pp. 62-77, 216-30. 1890. Grimm, E. Zur Gesch. des Erkenntnisproblems von Bacon zu Hume. Lpzg. 1893. Richter, P. David Humes Kausalitatstheorie u. ihre Bedeutung fur d. Begriindung d. Theorie d. Induktion. Halle. Pp. 50. Also same year and place, pp. 31* 1894. Meyer, E. Humes und Berkeleys Philosophic der Mathematik. Halle. Pp. 571894. Schellwien, R. Ueber den Begriff der Erfahrung mit Riicksicht auf Hume und Kant. In Zeitschr. f. Philos, u. philos. Kritik, Lpzg., vol. 103, pp. 122-41. 1895. Fruit, J. P. Determinism from Hobbes to Hume. Diss. Lpzg. Pp. 52. 1895. Jahn, F. David Humes Kausalitatstheorie. Diss. Lpzg. Pp. 115. 1895. Petzholtz, E. Die Hauptpunkte der Humeschen Erkenntnislehre. Diss. (Rostock). Berlin. Pp. 44. 1896. Brede, W. Der Unterschied der Lehren Humes im Treatise und im Inquiry. Halle. Pp. 50. Same year and place, pp. 32. 1896. Radler, G. Ueber das Abstraktionsphanomen in der Erkenntnistheorie David Humes. Diss. Deggendorf. 1897. Lemport,

Pp. 23. Leo. Humes Erkenntnistheorie. Vienna. Pp. 48.






1897. Long, W. J. Ueber Humes Lehre von den Ideen und der Substanz in ihrem Zusammenhang mit derjenigen Lockes und Berkeleys. Diss. Heidelberg. Pp. 42. 1897. Meinardus. David Hume als Religionsphilosoph. Diss. Coblenz. Pp. 102. 1897. Rubin, S. Die Erkenntnistheorie Maimons in ihrem Verhaltnis zu Cartesius, Leibniz, Hume und Kant. Berne. Pp. 57. *1897. Woynar, K. Das Verhaltnis der praktischen Philosophic Herbarts zu den engl. Moralphilosophen Shaftes¬ bury, Hutcheson und Hume. In Jahresber. d. mahr. Landes-Oberschule in Neutitschein. 1899. Keller, A. Das Causalitatsproblem bei Malebranche und Hume. Rastatt. 4to. Pp. 19. (Beilage z. Programm des Grossherzogl. Gymnasiums zu Rastatt.) 1900. Liiers, A. David Humes religionsphilosophische Anschauungen. Diss. Berlin. 4to. Pp. 21. Also 1901, Bln. 1901. Groos, K. Hat Kant Humes Treatise gelesen ? In KantStudien, vol. 5, pp. 177-81. 1901. Husserl, E. Logische Untersuchungen. 2. Teil. Halle. Includes “ Phanomenologische Studien ii. Humes Abstraktionstheorie ”. 2nd ed. 1913 ; 3rd 1922. 1901. Linke, P. Humes Lehre vom Wissen. Diss. Lpzg. Pp. 54. 1901. Prehn, A. Die Bedeutung der Einbildungskraft bei Hume und Kant flir die Erkenntnistheorie. Diss. Halle. Pp. 64. 1901. Reininger, R. Das Causalproblem bei Hume und Kant. In Kant-Studien, vol. 6, pp. 427-58. *1902. Hasse, H. Das Problem der Gultigkeit in der Philosophic David Humes. Munich. Pp. 109. 1902. Marcus, E. Kants Revolutionsprinzip. Eine exakte Losung des Kant-Humeschen Erkenntnisproblems. Herford. xii, 181. 1902. Mirkin, I. Hat Kant Hume widerlegt ? Diss. (Berne). Halle. Pp. 70. Also in Kant-Studien, \ol. 7 (1902), pp. 230-99. 1903. Falter, L. Die erkenntnistheoretischen Grundlagen der Mathematik bei Kant und Hume. Diss. Giessen. Pp. 72. J9°3- Quast, O. Der Begriff des Belief bei David Hume. Diss. Halle, viii, 125. Also same year and place under title “ Der Belief in Humes Kausalitatstheorie ”.





1903. Zimels, J. David Humes Lehre vom Glauben und ihre Entwicklung vom Treatise zur Inquiry. Diss. Kirchain. Pp. 85. 1904. Cook, E. A. Humes Theorie iiber die Realitat der Aussenwelt. Diss. Halle. Pp. 43. 1904. Feigs, A. Die BegrifFe der Existenz, Substanz und Kausalitat bei Hume. Diss. (Munich). Waldenburg i. Schl. Pp. 62. 1904. Honingswald, R. Ueber die Lehre Humes von der Realitat der Aussendinge. Diss. Halle, vi, 66. Also same year Berlin, viii, 88. 1904. Nathansohn, H. Der ExistenzbegrifF Humes. Diss. (Erlang¬ en). Berlin. Pp. 74. 1904. OhlendorF, L. Humes AfFektenlehre. Diss. Erlangen. Pp. 107. 1904. Stein, L. Hat Kant Hume widerlegt? In £ukunft, vol. 48, pp. 210-22. 1905. Gerber, Fr. Ueber das Verhaltnis von Wahrnehmung und Vorstellung unter sich und zur subjektiven Wirklichkeit mit bes. Beriicksichtigung von Hume und Berkeley. Diss. Borna-Lpzg. Pp. 97. 1905. Martin, J. J. ShaFtesburys und Hutchesons Verhaltnis zu Hume. Diss. Halle. Pp. 125. 1906. Lovejoy, A. On Kant’s reply to Hume. In Arch, f Gesch. d. Philos., vol. 19 (N.F. 12), pp. 380-407. 1906. Muller, Felix. David Humes Stellung zum Deismus. Diss. Borna-Lpzg. Pp. 55. [1907]. Kayserling, H. Die Willenstheorie bei John Locke und David Hume. Diss (Lpzg.). No place. Pp. 103. 1907. Soehring, O. David Humes “ Skeptizismus ”, ein Weg zur Philosophic. Beilage zum Jahresber. d. Hohenzollernschule in Schoneberg. Pp. 35. Also in Philos. Wochenschrift, vols. 7 & 8 (1907-8). 1907. Walz, E. David Humes Verhaltnis zur Erkenntnistheorie Lockes und Berkeleys. Diss. Tubingen. Pp. 43. 1908. Neuhaus, K. Humes Lehre von den Prinzipien der Ethik. I. Teil. Diss. (Gottingen). Lpzg. Pp. 54. 1908. Richter, Raoul. Der Skeptizismus in der Philosophic und seine Ueberwindung. Lpzg. 2 vols. 1908. Schwenninger, A. Der SympathiebegrifF bei David Hume. Diss. Munich. Pp. 49.




1909. Bohme, A. Die Wahrscheinlichkeitslehre bei David Hume. Diss. (Erlangen). Berlin. Pp. 45. 1909. Rodder, P. Ueber Humes Erkenntnistheorie. Progr. Gollnow. Pp. 11. *1909. Schpett, G. Problem of causality in Hume and Kant [in Russian]. In Tschelpanows philos. Untersuchungen, vol. 1. 1909. Walz, E. David Humes Beurteilung in der Geschichte der Philosophic. In Philos. Jahrb. der Gorres-Gesellschaft, Fulda, vol. 22, pp. 20-38. 1910. Same. David Hume u. d. Positivismus u. Nominalismus. Ibid., vol. 23, pp. 161-82. 1910. Bilharz, A. Descartes, Hume und Kant. Eine kritische Studie zur Gesch. d. Philosophic. Wiesbaden. Pp. 78. 1910. Detmar, B. Karneades und Hume. Ihre Wahrscheinlichkeitstheorie. Diss. Lpzg. Pp. 57. Also in feitschr. f. Philos, u. philos. Kritik, Lpzg., vol. 139 (1910), pp. 113-57. _ 1911. Hein, J. Humes Kausaltheorie. In Philos. Jahrb. d. GorresGesellschaft, Fulda, vol. 24, pp. 48-70. 1911. Petrescu, N. Glanvill und Hume. Diss. (Rostock). Berlin. Pp. 68. *1911. Salinger, R. Humes Kritik des KausalbegrifFs. Berlin. 1913. Rosenfeld, J. Die doppelte Wahrheit mit besond. Riicksicht auf Leibniz und Hume. Berne. Pp. 67. 1913. Rudajew, M. Mach und Hume. Diss. (Hdlbg.). Berlin. Pp- 99Fr. Das Verhaltnis Herbert Spencers zu David Hume in der Erkenntnistheorie. Diss. (Lpzg.). Seifhennersdorf. Pp. 84. 1914. Bauch, B. Parallelstellen bei Hume und Kant. In KantStudien, vol. 19, pp. 521-3. 1914. Fahrion, K. Humes Lehre von der Substanz. Ellwangen (Beilage z. Jahresber. d. Gymnasiums in Ellwang¬ en). Pp. 31. *1914. Meinicke, M. Die Wurzeln der Religion im menschlichen Gemiit nach David Hume . . . Progr. Eisenach. I9I5- Thormeyer, P. Die grossen englischen Philosophen Locke, Berkeley, Hume. Lpzg. 1915* Zurkuhlen, H. Berkeleys und Humes Stellung zur Analysis des Unendlichen. Diss. Berlin. Pp. 103. 1914. Albert,





1916. Bohn, W. Leibniz und Hume als Erkenntnistheoretiker. Diss. (Bonn). Eupen. Pp. 75. 1919. Hasse, H. Das Problem der Giiltigkeit in der Philosophic David Humes. Munich. Pp. 192. Also 1920. 1920. Merleker, M. Humes Begriffder Realitat. Halle. Pp. 109. 1921. Posen, E. Die “ Existenz ” bei David Hume. Diss. Giessen. Pp. 56. 1922. Reininger, R. Locke, Berkeley, Hume. Munich. Pp. 213'

1924. Wentscher, Else. Englische Philosophic. Ihr Wesen und ihre Entwicklung. Lpzg. & Berlin, [vi], 140. 1925. Radakovic, K. Die letzten Fundamente der Humeschen Erkenntnistheorie. Graz. Pp. 53. 1926. Dehn, Fr. Die Ethik David Humes. Diss. Bonn. Pp. 1929. Metz, R.



David Hume. Leben und Philosophic. Stutt¬ gart. xii, 405. Critical notice by N. K. Smith in Mind, N.S., vol. 39 (1930), PP- 226-30. 1929. Same. Unveroffentlichte Briefe David Humes. In Englische Studien, Lpzg., vol. 63, pp. 337-88. 1929. Salmon, C. V. The central problem of David Hume’s philosophy. An essay towards a phenomenological interpretation of the first book of the Treatise . . . Halle, vii, 299-449. Offprint from Husserl’s Jahrb. f. Philos, u. phanomenol. Forschung, vol. 10. Rev. by R. Metz in Kant-Studien, vol. 35 (1930), pp- 326-9. 1930. Sauer, Fr. Ueber das Verhaltnis der Husserlschen Phanomenologie zu David Hume. In Kant-Studien, vol.

35) PP- i5i"621931. Wentscher, Else. Englische Wege zu Kant.


Pp. 86.

Other Countries Czecho-Slovakia.

1883. Masaryk, T. G. Pocet pravdepodobnosti a Humova skepse. ’ Prague. German trans. “ David Humes Skepsis und die Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung ”, 1884,

Vienna, pp. 15. *1887-8. Uhl, J. Grundzuge der Progr. Prague.







1890-1. Same.

Humes Stellung in der englischen Philosophic. Prague (Jahresber. ii. d. deutsche Staats-Gymnasium, 1890, pp. 3-37 ; 1891, pp. 3-20). 1925. Turdy, J. Problem skutecnosti u Davida Hume a jeho vyznam v dejinach filosofie. Brno [Briinn]. Pp. 90. (“ The problem of reality in David Hume and his importance in the history of philosophy.”) 1928. Pelikan, F. Fikcionalism novoveke filosofie zvlast£ u Humea a Kanta. Prague. Pp. 208. (“ The theory of fictions in modern philosophy, especially in Kant and Hume.”) Denmark.

1824. Howitz, F. G. Determinismen, eller Hume imod Kant. Copenhagen, xii, 180. (“ Determinism, or H. against K.”). 1911. Thomsen, A. David Hume : hans Liv og hans Filosofi. Fprste Bind. Copenhagen, iv, 458. No further vol. appeared. German trans. “ D. H. Sein Leben und seine Philosophic. Erste Band ”, 1912, Berlin. Cp. Fr. Jodi, “ D. H. und sein neuester Darsteller ” in Vierteljahrschr. f wissensch. Philos, und Soziologie, Leipzig, 37. Jahrg., 1913, pp. 317-22. 1912. Munster, O. Det Hume’ske Problem. Copenhagen. Pp. 67. France.

1856. Cucheval-Clavigny. David Hume, sa vie et ses ecrits. In Revue des deux mondes, vol. 6 (2e periode), pp. 107-41. *1868. Papillon, F. David Hume, precurseur d’Auguste Comte. 1873. Compayre, G. La philosophic de David Hume. Paris. Pp. 514. 1878. Pillon, F. De quelques objections au langage psychologique de Hume. In La critique philosophique, 6e annee, pp. 219-24. 1878. Pillon, F. La classification des elements de la connaissance selon Hume. Ibid., pp. 331-6. 1879. Compayre, G. Du pretendu scepticisme de Hume. In Revue philosophique, vol. 8, pp. 449-68.





1881. Espinas, A. La philosophic en ficosse au XVIIIe siecle et les origines de la philosophic anglaise contemporaine. Ibid., vol. ii, pp. 113-32; vol. 12, pp. 18-31, 119-150. 1883. Ducros, L. Quando et quomodo Kantium Humius e dogmatico somno excitaverit. Burdigala [Bor¬ deaux]. Pp. 38. 1888. Lyon, G. L’idealisme en Angleterre au i8e siecle. Paris. Ch. xi. 1909. Levy-Bruhl, L. L’orientation de la pensee philosophique de David Hume. In Revue de meta. et de morale, vol. 17, pp. 595-619. Repr. as preface to Hume : oeuvres philos. choisies, ed. by M. David, 2 vols., 1912, Paris. *1912. Didier, J. Hume. Paris. [1930]. Leroy, A. La critique et la religion chez David Hume. Paris, xix, 376. Holland.

1901. Melle, M. A. van. David Hume en zijne leer van het kenvermogen. Amsterdam. “ D.H. and his doctrine of cognition.” 1903. Appeldoorn, J. G. De leer der sympathie bij David Hume en Adam Smith. Diss. Drachten. Pp. 139. 1907. Sopper, A. J. de. David Hume’s kenleer en ethiek. Diss. Leyden, xvii, 206. “ Hume’s epistemology and ethics.” 1907. Francken, C. J. W. David Hume. Haarlem, viii, 147. 1913. Doodkorte, A. C. Kritiek op David Hume : over natuurwet en wunder. Bussum. “ On natural law and miracle.” Italy.

1827. Galluppi, P. Lettere filosofiche su le vicende della filosofia. Messina. 2nd ed. 1838, Naples. Letters 9-12. 1877. Simon, T. Collyns. La religione e la metafisica, ovvero i fatti intorno alle supposte conclusioni dello Hume e alia supposta confutazione di esse scritta del Kant. In *La filosofia delle scuole italiane, vol. 15. Also,




in English, as append. 2 in Simon’s edition of Berkeley’s Principles, 1878, London (last repr. 1907). 1880. Paoli, A. Hume e il principio di causa. Parte prima. Florence. Pp. 310. Also 1882 (omitting “parte prima ”), ix, 523. *1887. Asturaro, A. La filosofia dello Hume ed il kantismo. Milan. *1887. Tarantino, G. Saggio sul criticismo e sull’associazionismo di David Hume. Naples. *1888. Same. La dottrina dell’associazione secondo Hume. Naples. *1911. Valchera, L. Hume e la sua influenza nel campo sociale. Frosinone. 1913. Casazza, G. Hume, Kant e lo scetticismo filosofico. Rome. Pp. 132. *1923. Levi, A. Hume e la critica del pensiero religioso. In Rivista di filosofia, anno 14, pp. 93-114. 1924. Faggi, A. Hume e Magalotti. In Atti della R. Accademia delle scienze di Torino, yoi. 59) pp- 348-52. *1925. Mazzantini, G. L’errore metafisico di Davide Hume. In Rivista di filosofia neo-scolastica, anno 17, pp. 162-77. 1926. Carlini, A. L’attualismo scettico del Trattato . . . di Hume. In Giornale critico della filosofia italiana, Milan & Rome, vol. 7, pp. 104-28. 1931 • Volpe, G. della. La teoria delle passioni di Davide Hume. Bologna. Pp. 45. 1933~5- Same. La filosofia dell’esperienza di Davide Hume. Florence. Pt. I, x, 193. Pt. II, viii, 207. J935- Magnino, Bianca. Il pensiero filosofico di Davide Hume. Naples. Pp. 219. Sweden.

1863. Henschen, W. A. Bidrag till kannedomen af David Humes filosofiska betydelse. Diss. Upsala. Pp. 27. (“ Contribution to the knowledge of H.’s philos. significance.”) 1869. Sjoholm, L. A. Det historiska sammanhanget mellan Humes skepticism och Kants kriticism. Diss. Upsala


(“ The histor. connection between H.’s scepticism and K.’s criticism.”)






1906. Hedvall, K. Humes Erkenntnistheorie kritisch dargestellt. Eine Untersuchung iiber empiristische Prinzipien. Diss. Upsala. Pp. 130. 1914. Phalen, A. K. Humes psykologiska harledning av kausalitetsforestallningen. Upsala. Pp. 38. - (“ H.’s psychol. derivation of the concept of causality ”). 1925. Hellstrom, C. Om Humes aprioribegrepp. Upsala. Pp. 60. *1932. Tegen, E. Humes uppfattning avjagets identitet. Upsala. 1934. Holberg, O. David Hume in Carlyle’s “ Sartor resartus ”. Lund. Pp. 19. 1937. Hedenius, I. Studies in Hume’s ethics. Upsala & Stock¬ holm. Pp. 388-485. Repr. from Adolf Phalen in memoriam, 1937.




SCOTTISH PHILOSOPHY CHRONOLOGICAL LIST OF AUTHORS In order of activity as philosophical writers, that of the first philosophical work listed. 1718. Carmichael, G. 1722. Ramsay, A. M. (Chevalier) 1725. Hutcheson, F. 1727. Campbell, A. 1732. Dudgeon, W. 1732. Forbes, D. 1733* Baxter, A. 1740. Turnbull, G. 1745. Fordyce, D. 1748. Duncan, W. 1748. Reid, T. 1749. Jameson, W. 1751. Home, Hy. (Lord Karnes) 1753. Anderson, G. 1753. Balfour, J. 1755. Blair, H. 1759. Gerard, A. 1759. Smith, A. 1762. Campbell, G. 1765. Gregory, John 1766. Ferguson, A. 1766. Oswald, J. 1770. Beattie, J. 1773. Burnett, J. (Lord Monboddo) 1774. Ogilvie, J. 1780. Bruce, J. 1780. Dunbar, J. 1784. Brown, W. L.

The date is usually

1790. Alison, A. 1791. Anderson, W. 1792. Gregory, James 1792. Stewart, D. 1793- Crombie, A. 1794. Hutton, J. 1796. Arthur, A. 1797- Jardine, G. 1799. Mackintosh, Sir J. 1802. Scott, R. E. 1805. Brown, Thos. 1805. Forsyth, R. 1818. Napier, Macvey 1819. Jamieson, A. 1820. Mill, James 1823. Dick, T. 1825. Douglas, J. 1826. Dewar, D. 1827. Gombe, G. 1828. Ballantyne, J. 1829. Cairns, W. 1829. Hamilton, Sir Wm. 1830. Abercrombie, J. 1830. Morehead, R. 1833. Chalmers, T. 1835. Brougham, Hy. (Lord) 1835. Young, J. 1836. Leechman, J. 1837. MacVicar, J. G. 1837. Ramsay, Sir G. 75


1843. 1846. 1847. 1850. 1850. 1850. 1854. 1854. 1854. 1854.



1855. Bain, A. 1857. Morell, J. D. 1859. Fraser, A. C. 1864. Baynes, T. S. 1867. M’Cosh, J. 1874. Veitch, J. Calderwood, H. 1879. Ferrier, J. F. 1879. Fleming, W. 1883. Spalding, W. 1885. 1889. Gifford, Adam

Tulloch, J. Croll, J. Jamieson, G. Robertson, G. C. Argyll, Duke of Flint, R. Balfour, A. J. (Earl) Knight, W. A. Minto, W. Davidson, W. L. (Lord)





GENERAL Biography and Background

1841. Bruce, James. Lives of eminent men of Aberdeen. Aberd. 8vo. xii, 420. 1866-71. Scott, Hew. Fasti ecclesice scotianae. The succession of ministers in the parish churches of Scotland, from the Reformation, a.d. 1560, to the present time. Edin. 3 vols. New ed., rev. and continued, 1915-28, Edin., 7 vols. 1870. Chalmers, Robt. Biographical dictionary of eminent Scots¬ men. Revised and continued by Thos. Thomson. Lond. 3 vols. 1881. Irving, Joseph. The book of Scotsmen eminent for achieve¬ ments in arms and arts . . . Paisley. 8vo. ix, 574. 1884. Grant, Sir Alex. The story of the University of Edinburgh. Lond. 2 vols. 8vo. 1885-1900. Stephen, L., & Lee, S. Dictionary of national bio¬ graphy. Lond. 63 vols. 1901-2, suppl. in 3 vols. (these and the 63 vols. repr. 1908-9 in 22 vols.) ; 1912, 3 vols. covering 1901 -11 (repr. in 1 vol. 1920) ; 1927, 1 vol. covering 1912-21 ; 1937, 1 vol. covering 1922-30. 1888. Ramsay, John. Scotland and Scotsmen of the eighteenth century, from the MSS. of John Ramsay. Ed. by A. Allardyce. Edin. & Lond. 2 vols. 1895. Rait, R. S. The universities of Aberdeen. Aberd. xii, 382. 1899. Graham, Hy. Grey. The social life of Scotland in the eighteenth century. Lond. 2 vols. 1900, 2nd ed. In one vol., 1901, 1906, 1928, 1937, all Lond. 1901. Same. Scottish men of letters in the eighteenth century. Lond. xii, 441. Repr. 1908. 1903. Knight, Wm. A. Some nineteenth century Scotsmen. Being personal recollections. Edin. & Lond. Pp. 456. Includes short chapters on Chalmers, Hamilton, Ferrier, Spalding, Veitch,








1903. Millar, John H. A literary history of Scotland. Lond. xv, 703. 1909. Coutts, James. History of the University of Glasgow from its foundation in 1451 to 1909. Glasg. 4to. xii, 615. [ 1911J. Macpherson, H. The intellectual development of Scot¬ land. Lond. xi, 223. 1912. Millar, John H. Scottish prose of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Glasg. xii, 273. 1933. Morgan, Alex. Scottish university studies. Oxford, viii, 216. Philosophical

1840. Cousin, V. Cours d’histoire de la philosophic morale au dix-huitieme siecle. Seconde partie—Ecole ecossaise. Paris, iv, 382. Lectures delivered in 1819. 3rd ed. 1857 en¬ titled “Philosophic ecossaise ”, Paris; 4th, 1864, Paris. 1856. Remusat, Charles de. L’Ecosse depuis la fin du XVIIe siecle et la philosophic de Hamilton. In Revue des deux mondes, Paris, vol. 2 (2e periode), pp. 465-507. 1856. Fraser, A. C. The philosophical class-room in the nineteenth century. Appended to his Essays in philosophy, Edin. 1865. Masson, David. Recent British philosophy. Lond. & Camb. viii, 414. 1867, 2nd ed. ; 1877, 3rd : both Lond. Chiefly on Hamilton, Mill, Bain, Spencer and Ferrier. 1875. M’Cosh, J. The Scottish philosophy, biographical, exposi¬ tory, critical, from Hutcheson to Hamilton. Lon¬ don (also N.Y.). La 8vo. vii, 481. 1876. Stephen, Sir Leslie. History of English thought in the eighteenth century. Lond. 2 vols. 1880, 2nd ed. ; 1902, 3rd (repr. 1927). 1877. Veitch, John. Philosophy in the Scottish universities. In Mind, vol. 2, pp. 74-91, 207-34. 1878-88. Mackintosh, John. The history of civilization in Scotland. Lond. & Edin. & Aberdeen. 4 vols. 8vo. New ed., 1892-6, Paisley & Lond., 4 vols. Chaps. 34-8 and part of 41 (vol. 4 ; 35-9 and 43 in new ed.) are on the philosophers.


1881. Zart,



Der Einfluss der englischen Philosophic seit Bacon auf die deutsche Philosophic des 18. Jahrhunderts. Berlin. Pp. 239. On this subject see further :— Hettner, H. Geschichte der deutschen Literatur - im 18. Jahrhundert. Latest ed. is [1928], Leipzig. Pinkuss, Fritz. Moses Mendelssohns Verhaltnis zur englischen Philosophic. In Philos. Jahrbuch der Gorres-Gesellschaft, Fulda, vol. 42 (1929), pp. 449-90. Price, L. M. The reception of English literature in Germany. 1932. Berkeley (Cal.), vii, 596. Has detailed bibliography. Unger, Rudolf. Hamann und die Aufklarung. 2nd ed. 1925. Halle. 2 vols. 1881. Espinas, Alfred. La philosophic en Ecosse au XVIIIe siecle et les origines de la philosophic anglaise contemporaine. In Revue philosophique, Paris, 6e annee, vol. 11, pp. 113-32 ; vol. 12, pp. 18-31, 119-150. 1885. Seth [Pringle-Pattison], A. Scottish philosophy. A com¬ parison of the Scottish and German answers to Hume. Edin. & Lond. Sm. 8vo. xii, 218. 1890, 2nd ed. ; 1899, 3rd ; 1907, 4th. 1887. Anon. Scottish metaphysics reconstructed in accordance with the principles of physical science. Edin. & Lond. xiv, 244. By the author of Free notes on Herbert Spencer's First Principles. *1894. Dandolo, G. La dottrina della memoria presso la scuola scozzese. Milan. 1895. Sidgwick, Hy. The philosophy of common sense. In Mind, vol. 4 (N.S.), pp. 145-58. An address given at Glasgow. 1897. Boutroux, Emile. De l’influence de la philosophic ecossaise sur la philosophic fran$aise. In Trans, of the Franco-Scottish Scty., Edin., pp. 16-36. Repr. in Boutroux’s Etudes d'histoire de la philosophic (Engl, trans. by F. Rothwell, Historical studies in philosophy, 1912, Lond.).




1898. Seth, James. Scottish moral philosophy. In Philos. Review, N.Y., vol. 7, pp. 561-82. Inaugural lecture as Prof, of Moral Philos., Edin. 1901 Knight, Wm. Philosophical societies in the universities of Scotland. Ch. ix in his Varia, Lond. 1902. Laurie, Hy. Scottish philosophy in its national development. Glasgow, viii, 344. 1906. Davidson, W. L. The University’s contribution to philo¬ sophy. Pp. 73-96 of Studies in the history and development of the University of Aberdeen, ed. by P. J. 'Anderson, Aberdeen, 4to. 1913. Schimberg, A. Sur la philosophic ecossaise ... au 19c siecle. Intro, (xvii-cxlviii) to the Fragments philosophiques of P. P. Royer-Collard, Paris. “ M. RoyerCollard est le premier qui fit connaitre a la France la philosophie ecossaise et la transporta dans l’enseignement public ” (Cousin, Philos, ecossaise, avert, au 3e ed.). 1915. Johnston, G. A. Selections from the Scottish philosophy of common sense. Edited, with an intro. Chicago & Lond. vii, 267. [1935] • Segerstedt, T. T. The problem of knowledge in Scottish philosophy. oLund (Sweden). Pp. 158. Lunds Universitets Arsskrift, N.F., Avd. 1, vol. 31, no. 6. On Reid, Stewart, Hamilton, Ferrier.


ABERCROMBIE, JOHN. Educ. Marischal Coll. (Aberdeen) & Edin. Scotland. D.N.B. Thomson.



1780-1844. 1824 Physician to the Kins; in

1830. Inquiries concerning the intellectual powers and the investi¬ gation of truth. Edin. 8vo. xv, 435. 1831, 2nd ed., Edin. ; 1832, 3rd, Edin. ; 1833, 4th, Edin. & Lond. ; 1835, 5th, Edin. London editions 1838, 8th ; 1838,9th; 1840, 10th ; 1846, 12th ; 1849, 13th; 1853, 14th; 1854,15th; 1857,15th; 1871,19th; 1882,21st. New York editions 1834, 1846. Rev. in Quarterly Rev., London, vol. 45 (1831), pp. 341-58. 1833. The philosophy of the moral feelings. Lond. 8vo. xv, 244. 1834,2nd ed.; 1835,3rd; 1836,4th; 1839,5th; 1841, 6th ; 1846, 7th : all Lond. Also 1843, New York. 1835. Address delivered in . . . Marischal College, Aberdeen, 5th November 1835, on the occasion of his installation as Lord Rector of the University. Aberdeen. 8vo. Pp. 29. With title “ The culture and discipline of the mind ”, 1837, 3rd and 7th eds. ; 1838, 12th ; 1839, 15th : all Edin. Repr. in his “ Essays and tracts ”, 1842, Edin. (repr. 1847), which reappeared 1862 under title “ The culture and discipline of the mind and other essays ”, Edin. Also in Rectorial Addresses delivered in the Universities of Aberdeen, ed. by P. J. Anderson, 1902, Aberdeen. 1854. Maclagan, Douglas. Sketch of the life and character of Dr. Abercrombie. Edin. 8vo. Pp. 31. 1869. [Lobb, S.]. Abercrombie as a text-book [w. his Inquiries] in the Calcutta University. Calcutta. Pp. 22. Repr. from * Calcutta Review. [1890]. Wilson, Geo. Dr. John Abercrombie. London (R. T. S. New Biogr. Series, no. 79). Pp. 16. ALISON, ARCHIBALD.


Educ. Glasgow Univ. (under Reid) & Balliol Coll., Oxford. 1791 Prebendary of Sarum. 1800-39 Minister of episcopal chapel, Cowgate, Edin. Friend of Dugald Stewart and father of Sir Archibald Alison the historian. D.JV.B. Thomson.

1790. Essays on the nature and principles of taste. xiii, 415.






Rev. in Monthly Review, Enlarged Series, vols. 3 (1790), pp. 36i~73 and 4 (I79I)» 8-19^ , , 1811, Edin., 2 vols., 8vo, xxix, 376 ; vi, 447. 2nd ed., though not so described. Dedicated to Dugald Stewart. This ed. was rev. by Francis Jeffrey in Edin. Review, wol. 18 (1811), pp. 1-46 (expanded and republ. as article on “ Beauty ” in Encycl. Brit., 1816-24 supplement; repr. ibid., 7th ed., 1842, and in Jeffrey’s Contributions to the Edin. Review, 1844, Lond., 4 vols., 2nd ed. in 3 vols. 1846, and in 1 vol. 1853). 1812, 3rd ed.; 1815, 4th; 1817, 5th; 1825, 6th—all 2 vols., Edin., 8vo. London editions in 1 vol. 1853, 1871 and [1879] (the last two include Jeffrey’s review and are entitled “ Essay on beauty, by Jeffrey ; and Essays on . . . taste, by Alison ”). Trans.—1792, Ueber den Geschmack . . . Verdeutscht, u. m. Anmerk. u. Abhandlungen begleitet von K. H. Heydenreich, Lpzg., 2 vols., 8vo. 1911. Fedeles, C.

Versuch iiber Alisons Aesthetik.



Pp- 75-



Minister of the Tron Church, Edinburgh.

1753. An estimate of the profit and loss of religion . . . illustrated

with references to Essays on morality and natural religion. Edin. (no publ. or printer). 8vo. [iv], 392. Anon. Rev. by [Wm. Rose] in Monthly Review, London, vol. 10 (1754), PP- 193-6. For the Essays see Home, 1751. 1755. An analysis of the moral and religious sentiments contained in the writings of Sopho [Hy. Home] and David Hume, Esq ; addressed to the consideration of the . . . General Assembly of the Church of Scotland. Edin. 8vo. Pp. 49. Anon. This is attributed also to a John Bonar. 1756. Infidelity a proper object of censure. Glasgow. 8vo. Pp. 56. Anon. Reply to Blair, 1755.



1756. The complaint made to the Presbytery of Edinburgh verified. Edin. 8vo. Pp. 20. A petition that the printer and booksellers of Home’s Essays on morality be summoned by the ecclesiastical author¬


1756. A remonstrance against Lord Viscount Bolingbroke’s philo¬ sophical religion, addressed to David Mallet, Esq ; the publisher. Edin. (no publ. or printer). 8vo. Pp. 450. Rev. by [John Ward] in Monthly Review, vol. 16 (1757), pp. 238-42.

ANDERSON, WALTER. 50 years Minister of Chirnside (Berwickshire) ; in his parish. D.N.B. Thomson.

1742 (?)-1800. Hume’s home, Ninewells, was

1791. The philosophy of ancient Greece investigated in its origin and progress . . . Edin. 4to. xviii, 588.

ARGYLL, 8th DUKE OF (CAMPBELL, GEORGE DOUGLAS). 1823-1900. Succeeded to the title 1847.


1852. Inaugural address ... on his installation as Chancellor of the University of St. Andrews. Edin. 8vo. Pp. 19. 1855. Inaugural address ... on his installation as Lord Rector of the University of Glasgow. Lond. & Glasg. 8vo. Pp. 24. 1867. The reign of law. Lond. 8vo. vii, 435. 1867, 2nd ed. ; 1867, 3rd ; 1868, 5th ed. (repr. 1870) : all London. 1872. On Hibernicisms in philosophy. In Contemporary Review, Lond., vol. 19, pp. 145-54. 1880-1. The unity of nature. In Contemporary Review, vol. 38 (1880), pp. 353-71, 521-32, 699-715, 867-83 ; vol. 39 (1881), pp. 1-14, 186-210, 333-64, 491-505, 665-81, 843-55. Repr. in book-form under same title 1884, Lond., 8vo, xv, 571 ; 2nd ed. same year. Sequel to “The reign of law” (1867).




1889. What is truth? Edin. i2mo. vi, 143. 1896. The philosophy of belief or law in Christian theology. Lond. 8vo. xxii, 555. 1898. What is science? Edin. Sm. 8vo. Pp. 69. Also [1898], Lond. 1906. Autobiography and memoirs. Ed. by the Dowager Duchess of Argyll. Lond. 2 vols. 8vo. 1896. See





Educ. Glasgow Univ. Chaplain and librarian there. Assistant to 1780 and succeeded him in the Chair of Moral Philos., 1796. D.N.B.

Reid from

1803. Discourses on theological and literary subjects . . . With an account of some particulars in his life and character, by Wm. Richardson. Glasgow. 8vo. v. 523. Also 1812, again 1817, Glasgow, both under title “ Essays, theological and literary . . .” Edited from his papers. The philos. matter concerns chiefly Hume’s view of religion and the aesthetics of Hutcheson and Burke.



Educ. Marischal Coll., Aberdeen. 1841 Assistant to Prof, of Moral Philos., Marischal Coll, i860 Prof, of Logic, Aberdeen Univ. ; retired through ill-health 1880. Founder of Mind (1876) and proprietor till 1891. D.N.B.

1843. Review of Mill’s System of logic. In Westminster Rev., vol. 39, pp. 412-56. 1848. Review of Whewell’s Of a liberal education in general. Ibid., vol. 49, pp. 441-63. 1848. On the application of science to human health and well-being. Being a course, on the application of physics to common life. Lond. Pp. 20. 1848. The Scholastic logic. In Chambers's Edin. Journal, N.S., vol. 9, pp. 163-6. A review of De Morgan’s Formal logic. 1849. Language. Human mind. Logic. Rhetoric. Four articles in Chambers's information for the people (ed.


1850. 1852. 1855.



by Wm. & R. Chambers), Edin., vol. 2, pp. 17-32, 321-36, 353-68, 689-704. Sydney Smith’s moral philosophy. In Chambers's Edin. Journal, N.S., vol. 13, pp. 376-9. The moral philosophy of Paley : with additional dissertations and notes. By A. Bain. Edin. The senses and the intellect. Lond. xxxi, 614. 1864, 2nd ed. ; 1868, 3rd ; 1894, 4th : all Lond. Cp. below, 1873, Review of Darwin. Trans.—*1873. Les sens et Intelligence. Trad. . . . par E. Cazelles. Paris (*1895, 3rd ed.). The emotions and the will. Lond. xxviii, 649. 1865, 2nd ed.; 1875, 3rd (repr. 1880) ; 1899, 4th : all Lond. Rev. by [H. Spencer] in Brit. & Forn. Medico-Chirurgical Rev., vol. 25 (i860), pp. 58-72 (repr. in his Essays, Second Series, 1863 ; pp. 304-28 of vol. 1 of 1883 ed.) ; also in North American Rev., vol. 103 (1866), pp. 89-105 ; also, along with “ Emotions and the will ”, by [J. S. Mill] in Edin. Rev., vol. no (1859), pp. 287-321 (repr. in his Dissertations and discussions, vol. 3, 1867, pp. 97-152) and by [Jas. Martineau] in National Rev., Lond., vol. 10 (i860), pp. 500-521 (repr. in his Essays, reviews and addresses, 1891, vol. 3, pp. 537-66). Trans.—1885, Les emotions et la volonte. Trad . . . par P. L. Le Monnier. Paris.

1860-8. Articles in Chambers's Encyclopaedia. Bain is in the list of contributors but his articles are not indicated nor does he mention them in his Autobiography. They presumably include those on Logic and Mind. .i860. The position and province of logic. In Aberdeen Free Press, Nov. 9. Inaugural lecture, de¬ livered Nov. 6. 1860. Phrenology and psychology. In Fraser's Mag., Lond., vol. 61, pp. 692-708. i860. The propensities, according to phrenology, examined. Ibid., vol. 62, pp. 331-47. 1860. The sentiments, according to phrenology, examined. Ibid., pp. 620-36. 1861. The intellectual faculties according to phrenology examined. Ibid., vol. 63, pp. 715-29-




1861. On the study of character, including an estimate of phrenology. Lond. xx, 344. The part on phrenology consists of the articles in Fraser's Mag. 1865. Grote’s Plato. In Macmillan's Mag., Lond., vol. 12, pp. 193-208, 457-72. 1866. On early philosophy. Ibid., vol. 14, pp. 148-60. 1866. The feelings and the will viewed physiologically. In Fortnightly Rev., vol. 3, pp. 575-88. 1866. The intellect viewed physiologically. Ibid., pp. 735-48. 1866. A historical view of the theories of the soul. Ibid., vol. 5, pp. 47-62. 1867. On the correlation of force in its bearing on mind. In Macmillan's Mag., vol. 16, pp. 372-83. Cp. “ Bain on the doctrine of the correlation of force ” by D.D.H. in Contemp. Rev., vol. 8 (1868), pp. 57-78. 1868. Mental and moral science. A compendium of psychology and ethics. Lond. xxxvi, 751, 99. 1868, 2nd ed. ; 1872, 3rd, 2 vols. (repr. 1875, 1879, 1884) : all Lond. 1868. Common errors on the mind. In Fortnightly Rev., N.S., vol. 4, pp. 160-75. Repr. in his “ Practical Essays ” (1884). 1868. The retentive power of the mind in its bearing on education. Ibid., pp. 237-49. 1868. Mystery, and other violations of relativity. Ibid., pp. 383-95. Repr. in his “ Practical essays ” (1884). 1869. Note on Dr. Bastian’s paper “ On the physiology of thinking.” Ibid., vol. 5, pp. 493-8. 1869. James Mill’s Analysis of the phenomena of the human mind . . . With notes ... by A. Bain . . . Lond. 2 vols. 1870. Logic. Lond. 2 parts in 2 vols. xv, 279 : xxi, 44^. 1873, 2nd ed., Lond. Trans.—*1875, Logique deductive et inductive, trad, par G. Compayre, Paris, 2 vols. (*1881, 2nd ed., 2 vols.) ; 1881, Logica de la fisica . . . version espanola por A. Ordax, Madrid (pp. 41—a small part of the Logic). 1871. Obit, notice of George Grote. In Proc. Royal Scty., Lond., vol. 20, pp. iii-xi.



1872. G. Grote’s Aristotle. Ed. by A. Bain & G. C. Robertson. Lond. 2 vols. 1880, 2nd ed., 1 vol. ; 1883, 3rd, 1 vol. 1873. G. Grote’s Minor works. Ed. by A. Bain. Lond. 1873. Mind and body. The theories of their relation. Lond. Pp. 196. 1873, 2nd ed. ; 1874, 3rd ; 1876, 4th ; 1876, 5th ; 1878, 6th ; *1887, 8th : all Lond., pp. 196. Trans.—*1873, L’esprit et le corps, trad, par W. Battier, Paris (6th ed. 1896) ; 1874, Geist und Korper, Leipzig (2. Aufl., 1881) ; *1874, Geest en lichaam, The Hague ; 1881, Espirftu y cuerpo, trad, por A. A. Ramirez F. Fontecha, Madrid. 1873. Review of “ Darwin on expression ” : being a postscript to The senses and the intellect. Lond. Pp. 697-714. Intended as appendix to 3rd ed. of “ The senses and the intellect ” (which ends with p. 696) and incorporated in 4th ed. Trans.—1888. Las ideas de Darwin. La ciencia de la educacion. Madrid. 1874. Critical notice of Jas. Sully’s “ Sensation and Intuition ”. In Fortnightly Rev., N.S., vol. 16, pp. 146-8. 1876. G. Grote’s Fragments on ethical subjects. Lond. The intro, is by Bain ; his Autobiography does not say whether or no he was the editor. 1876. Critical notice of Spencer’s “ Principles of sociology ”. Lewes on the postulates of experience. Mr. Sidgwick’s “ Methods of ethics”. The gratification derived from the infliction of pain. In Mind, vol. 1, pp. 128-31, 146, 179-97, 429-3Besides founding this quarterly (still the chief philosophical organ in Britain) Bain bore the expense of publication until 1891. Those of his contributions which he reprinted in his “ Dissertations ” (1903) I note only under this. 1876-7. Life of James Mill. In Mind, vol. 1, pp. 97-116, 509-31 and vol. 2, 519-51. Cp. below under 1882. 1877. Metaphysical Study. In Contemp. Rev., vol. 29, pp. 828-45. Repr. in his “ Practical Essays ” (1884). 1877. Critical notice of Jas. Sully’s “ Pessimism”. In Mind, vol. 2, pp. 558-65.




1877-8. Education as a science. Ibid., pp. 1-21, 294-309 and vol. 3, 304-23, 451-67. Contains the substance of the following. 1879. Education as a science. Lond. xxvii, 453. 1880, 3rd ed. ; 1883, 4th ; 1889, 7th ; 1896, 9th ; 1902, 10th : all Lond. and pp. xxvii, 453. Trans.—*1879, La science de l’education, Paris (1894, 8th ed.) ; 1880, Erziehung als Wissenschaft, Leipzig ; *1882, La ciencia de la educacion, Valencia ; *1885, La scienza dell’educazione, Milan. Incomplete version 1888 in Las ideas de Darwin. La ciencia de la educacion. Por A. Bain. Madrid. [1879]. Society for the development of the science of education. Second presidential address . . . 1873. Lond. Pp. 16. *1879. The growth of the will. In Popular science monthly, May. 1879. Critical notice of Spencer’s “ Data of ethics ”. In Mind, vol. 4, pp. 561-9. 1879-80. J. S. Mill. Ibid., pp. 211-29, 375-94, 520-41 and vol. 5, 82-104. Cp. below under 1882. 1880. Dr. [W. G.] Ward on free will. Ibid., vol. 5, pp. 116-24. 1880. Critical notice of Bucke’s “ Man’s moral nature ”. Ibid., pp. 559-62. 1880. Mr. Gabon’s statistics of mental imagery. Ibid., pp. 564-73. 1881. Mr. Spencer’s psychological “ congruities ”. Ibid., vol. 6, pp. 266-70, 394-406. 1882. Rectorial address to the students of Aberdeen University . . . 1882. Aberdeen ; also Lond. Pp. 28. Repr. in his “ Practical essays” (1884) and in Rectorial addresses, ed. by J. P. Anderson, 1902. 1882. John Stuart Mill. A criticism : with personal recollections. Lond. xiii, 201. Cp. above under 1879-80. 1882. James Mill : a biography. Lond. xxxii, 466. Portr. Rev. by John Morley in Fortnightly Rev., N.S., vol. 31 (1882), pp. 476-504 ; and by H. Marion in Revue philosophique, vol. 16 (1883), pp. 553-88. Cp. above under 1876-7.



1883. James Mill. In Encyclop. Britannica, gth ed., vol. 16, pp. 306 f. 1884. Practical essays. Lond. (also New York), xvi, 338. Contents—Common errors (above, 1868) ; Errors of suppressed correlatives (above, 1868 under title Mystery) ; Civil service examinations ; Classical controversy ; Meta¬ physics (above, 1877) ; University ideal (rectorial address, above, 1882) ; Art of study ; Religious tests ; Procedure of deliberative bodies. 1886. Mr. James Ward’s “ Psychology In Mind, vol. n, pp. 457-77. 1887. On feeling as indifference. Ibid., vol. 12, pp. 576-9 ; further in vol. 14 (1889), 97-106. 1887. Lord Gifford’s bequest and the universities bill : a speech . . . In Aberdeen Free Press, Nov. 17. 1891. Notes on volition. In Mind, vol. 16, pp. 253-8. 1894. The chair of moral philosophy. In Aberdeen Journal, Nov. 16. On the appointment of W. R. Sorley. 1894. G. C. Robertson’s philosophical remains. Ed. by A. Bain and T. Whittaker. Lond. With a memoir by Bain, repr. from Mind, N.S., vol. 2 (1893), pp. 1-14. 1903. Dissertations on leading philosophical topics. Lond. vi, 277. Contents—Meaning of existence {Mind, ii, 1877, pp. 259-64) ; Crit. notice of P. P. Alexander’s “ Moral causa¬ tion ” (i, 1876, 393-9) ; Mill’s theory of the syllogism (iii, 1878, 137-41) ; On association controversies (xii, 1887, 161-82) ; Some points in ethics (viii, 1883, 48-68) ; Mind and body {ib., 402-12) ; Pure malevolence (ib., 562-72) ; Definition (xiii, 1888, 527-48) ; The empiricist position (xiv, 1889, 369-92) ; Physiological expression in psychology (xvi, 1891, 1-22) ; Pleasure and pain (N.S., i, 1892, 161-87); Introspection and psycho-physical experiment (ii, 1893, 42-53) ; Definition and consciousness (iii, 1894, 348-61) ; Scope of anthropology, and its relation to the science of mind (Journ. of Anthrop. Inst., Lond., xv., 1886, pp. 380-8) ; Pressure of examinations (not previously publ.). 1904. Autobiography. Lond. xi, 449. Portrs. Ed. by W. L. Davidson, with a supplem. chapter (pre¬ sumably by him) and a bibliography by J. P. Anderson.




Critical notice by W. L. MacKenzie in Mind, N.S., vol. 14 (1905), pp. 107-11 • For Bain’s non-philosophical writings see detailed list by Anderson appended to preceding. 1882. Report of the proceedings at the banquet ... on the occasion of the presentation to the University of the portrait of A. Bain. Aberd. Pp. 30. 1896. Lynch, A. Alex. Bain. In his Human documents. Character-sketches of representative men and women of the time, Lond., pp. 284-304. 1899. Mackie, Alex. The Professor of Logic, 1860-80. In Aurora borealis academica, ed. by P. J. Anderson, Aberd., PP- 43-56-

1904, 1909, 1911.



W. L.,

1904, 1908-11, 1911.

*1880. Bonatelli, F. Osservazioni sulla logica di Bain. In La filosofia delle scuole italiane, vol. 21. *1885. Macchia, A. Bain e la liberta del volere. Ibid., vol. 31. 1887. Koerber, F. Bains Ansichten iiber die mechanischen Corre¬ late der Errinerungen. In Vierteljahrschr. f. wissensch. Philosophic, Lpzg., vol. 11, pp. 137-52. 1919. Benso, Maria G. L’educazione secondo Spencer, Bain, Ardigo. Biella. Pp. 117. See also histories of psychology. BALFOUR, ARTHUR JAMES (FIRST EARL OF BALFOUR). 1848-1930. Nephew of 3rd Marquess of Salisbury. Educ. Cambridge. 1891 Chancellor of University of Edinburgh. 1902-5 Prime Minister. 1919 Chancellor of University of Cambridge. 1922 Earl of Balfour. D.N.B.

A. J. Balfour as philosopher and thinker. A collection of the more important and interesting passages in his non-political writings, speeches, and addresses 1879-1912. Selected and arranged by W. M. Short. 1912. Lond. 8vo. xii, 552. Portr. Passages in his non-political speeches, addresses and writings. Abridged by J. G. Jennings from the collection entitled : “A. J. Balfour as philosopher and thinker”. 1913. Lond8vo. xvi, 218. Portr.



The mind of A. J. Balfour : selections from his non-political writings, speeches, and addresses, 1879-1917 . . . Selected and arranged by W. M. Short. [1918]. N.Y. 8vo. xvi, 407. Portr. *879* A defence of philosophic doubt : being an essay on the foundations of belief. Lond. 8vo. viii, 355. [1921]. New ed. Lond. x, 35^. Critical notice by F. W. Maitland in Mind, O.S., vol 4. (1879), pp. 576-9. Appendix and ch. 6 had appeared in Mind, O.S., vol. 3 (1878), pp. 67-86 and pp. 480-505 ; see also his answer to E. Caird in vol. 4 (1879), pp. 114b Chap. 13 had appeared in Fortnightly Review, Lond., N.S., vol. 22 (1877), pp. 698-704. 1881. Professor Watson on transcendentalism. In Mind, O.S., vol. 6, pp. 260-66. A reply to Watson’s note in vol. 5, pp. 529ff. 1883. Bishop Berkeley’s life and letters. In National Review, Lond., vol. 1, pp. 85-100 & 299-313. Repr. in his “Essays and addresses” (1893) and, slightly revised, in Works of George Berkeley, ed. by G. Sampson, 1897-8, Lond., 3 vols. 1884. Green’s metaphysics of knowledge. In Mind, O.S., vol. 9, pp. 73-92. 1888. The religion of humanity. An address delivered at the Church Congress, Manchester, Oct. 1888. Edin. 8vo.





Pp- 57[1888]. Edin. & Lond. i2mo. Pp. 31. Repr. in his “ Essays and addresses ” (1893). A fragment on progress. Edin. 8vo. Pp. 73. Inaugural address as Lord Rector of Glasgow University, Nov. 1891. Repr. in his “ Essays and addresses” (1893). Essays and addresses. Edin. 8vo. vii, 314. 1893, 2nd ed.; 1905, 3rd and enlarged ed., ix, 443. See above under 1883, 1888 and 1892, and below under 1904. Presidential address. In Proc. of the Society for Psychichal Research, Lond., vol. 10, pp. 2-13. Repr. in his “ Essays ” (1920). The foundations of belief: being notes introductory to the study of theology. Lond. 8vo. viii, 356. 1895, 2nd ed. ; 1895, 3rd; *1895, 4th; 1901, 8th, revised, with new intro, and summary, xxxvi, 399 ; *1919.




Critical notice by Sir F. Pollock in Mind, N.S., vol. 4 (i895), PP- 376-84. Part 2, chap. 2 had appeared in Mind, N.S., vol. 2 (1893), pp. 425-40 ; and part 1, chap. 1 in Internat. Journal of Ethics, Philadelphia, vol. 4 (1894), pp. 415-29. Trans.—[1896]. Les bases de la croyance. Trad, par G. Art. Preface de F. Brunetiere. Paris. 1896. Die Grundlagen des Glaubens. Uebers. von R. Koenig. Bielefeld & Lpzg. 1906. Le basi della fede. Trad, di G. Chimenti. Bari. 1904. Reflections suggested by the new theory of matter. Lond. 8vo. Pp. 24. Presidential address at the meeting of the Brit. Associa¬ tion, Cambridge. Repr. in his “ Essays and addresses ” (above, 1893), 3rd ed., 1905. Trans.—1905. Unsere heutige Weltanschauung. Deutsch von M. Ernst. Lpzg. *1909, 2. Aufl. 1908. Decadence. Camb. 8vo. Pp. 62. Sidgwick Memorial Lecture. Repr. in his “ Essays ” (I92°).> 1909. Questionings on criticism and beauty. Verbatim shorthand report. Oxford. 8vo. Pp. 24. Romanes Lecture. 1910. Criticism and beauty. A lecture rewritten. Ox¬ ford. 8vo. Pp. 48. Repr. in his “ Essays ” (1920). 1911. Creative evolution and philosophic doubt. In Hibbert Journal, Lond., vol. 10, pp. 1-23. Repr. in his “ Essays ” (1920). [1913]. Francis Bacon. A speech on the occasion of the unveiling of the Bacon statue at Gray’s Inn. In Francis Bacon. The commemoration of his tercentenary at Grafs Inn, London (privately pr. by order of the Masters of the Bench), pp. 43-56. Repr. in his “ Essays ” (1920). 1915. Theism and humanism. Lond. 8vo. xv, 274. Gifford Lectures, Glasgow, 1914. Critical notice by J. S. Mackenzie in Mind, N.S., vol. 25 (1916), pp. 240-50. [1920]. Essays speculative and political. Lond. 8vo. x, 266. The speculative essays are the items listed above under 1894, 1908, 1909, 1911, 1913. [1923]. Theism and thought. A study in familiar beliefs. Lond. 8vo. xii, 281. Gifford Lectures, Glasgow, 1922-3.



1925. Familiar beliefs and transcendent reason. In Proc. Brit. Academy, vol. 11, pp. 395-410. Reviewed by A. E. Taylor in Journ. of philos. studies, Lond., vol. 2 (1927), pp. 395b [1925]. Presidential address, Brit. Inst, of Philos. Studies. [Lond.]. Pp. 14. . Three further Presidential Addresses, 1926-8, in Journal of philos. studies, vol. 1, pp. 408-11 ; 2, pp. 598-602 ; 3, pp. 562-5. 1926. Introduction to Science, religion and reality (ed. by J. Needham), Lond. 1930. Chapters of autobiography. Ed. by Mrs. E. Dugdale. Lond. 8vo. xiii, 248. Portr. 1903. Alderson, B. A. J. Balfour. The man and his work. Lond. 8vo. xi, 367. Portrs. 1930. Kenyon, F. G. A. J. Balfour. In Proc. Brit. Academy, vol. 16, pp. 418-23. 1930. Webb, C. C. J. A. J. Balfour. Ibid., pp. 410-8. 1930. Wolf, A. The Earl of Balfour. In Journal of philos. studies, Lond., vol. 5, pp. 503-15. [1936]. Dugdale, Blanche E. C. A. J. Balfour. Lond. 2 vols. 8vo. Portrs. 1889. Beesley, E. S. Positivism before the Church Congress. A reply to Mr. Balfour. Lond. 8vo. Pp. 16. See above under 1888. 1894. Eastwood, A. Mr. Balfour’s refutation of idealism. In Mind, N.S., vol. 3, pp. 222-31. 1895. Fairbairn, A. M. The foundations of belief. In Contemp. Review, Lond., vol. 67, pp. 457‘7^1895. Hapgood, N. Mr. Balfour seen from a distance. Ibid., vol. 68, pp. 773-82. 1895. Huxley, T. H. Mr. Balfour’s attack on agnosticism. In Nineteenth century, Lond., vol. 37, pp. 527-40. 1895. Martineau, J. The foundations of belief. Ibid., pp. 552-66. 1895. Mivart, St. George. Spencer versus Balfour. Ibid., vol. 38, pp. 261-77. f [1895]. Pearson, Karl. Reaction ! A criticism of Mr. Balfour s attack on rationalism. Lond. i6mo. Pp. 40.




1895. Spencer, H. Mr. Balfour’s dialectics. In Fortnightly Review, Lond., N.S., vol. 57, pp. 861-73. 1896. Nicholson, J. A. The immorality of naturalism. A sermon on . . . Balfour’s “Foundations of belief”. Birmingham. 8vo. Pp. 11. 1896. Seth [Pringle-Pattison], A. Mr. Balfour and his critics. In Contemp. Review, Lond., vol. 70, pp. 153-78. Repr. in his Man's place in the cosmos, 1897, Edinburgh (2nd ed. 1902). Pringle-Pattison was a close friend of Balfour. After the latter’s death he wrote by request, and completed, an account of Balfour’s philosophy. It has not been published. 1897. Cecil, H. M. Pseudo-philosophy at the end of the nineteenth century . . . An irrationalist trio, Kidd, Drummond, Balfour. Lond. 8vo. xvi, 308. [1897]. Rey, J. La philosophic de M. Balfour. Paris, [vi], 199. 1902. Anon. Mr. Balfour’s apologetics critically examined. Lond. 8vo. Pp. 232. [1905]. Lobley, J. L. Positive knowledge. A reply to the Cam¬ bridge address of A. J. Balfour. Launceston. Pp. 22. Repr. from the * Journal of the City of London College Science Scty., vol. 10. On Balfour’s address of 1904. 1925. Mostyn, J. The Earl of Balfour and our scientific beliefs. (Dissertation, Fribourg). Fribourg. 8vo. Pp. 63. 1930. Strutt, R. (Baron Rayleigh). Lord Balfour and his relation to science. Camb. 8vo. viii, 46. Portr.



Educ. Edin. Univ. and Leyden. Called to Scottish bar. 1754-64 Prof, of Moral Philos., Edin. 1764 Prof, of Law of Nature & Nations, Edin. D.N.B.

1753- A delineation of the nature and obligation of morality.

With reflexions upon Mr. Hume’s book, intitled, An inquiry concerning the principles of morals. Edin. i2mo. [iv], 175. Anon. 17^3, 2nd ed., Edin., sm. 8vo, pp. 240 (revised and appendix added). Anon. Reviewed in Monthly Review, vol. 8 (1753), pp. 364-72. 1768. Philosophical essays. I. Of the academical philosophy. II, Of active power. III. Of liberty and necessity. Edin. i2mo. Pp. 187. Anon.



Chiefly against Hy. Home’s Essays on morality and nat. religion. 1782. Philosophical dissertations. Edin. Sm. 8vo. vi, [ii], 232. Five essays matter and motion ; liberty and necessity ; moral obligation ; immateriality and immortality of the soul ; truth of revealed religion. Rev. by [Sami. Badcockl in Monthly Review vol. 68 (i783)» PP- 8-13. r 1907. Balfour-Melville, B. The Balfours of Pilrig. xxii, 287. Portrs. Chaps. 17 & 18 on James Balfour.

BALLANTYNE, JOHN. Educ. Edin. Univ.

1828. An examination of the human mind. vi, 502. An extract, “ The origin of evil Tracts . . . ed. by John Brown, Edin. 1853. On the being of a God. In Theol. vol. 2. Not previously printed.

Educ. King’s Coll., Aberdeen.



Minister of religion.




Edin. & Lond.


”, repr. in Theological & Lond., 1853, vol. 1. Tracts, ed. by Brown,


Private Tutor.



[1733]. An enquiry into the nature of the human soul ; wherein the immateriality of the soul is evinced from the principles of reason and philosophy. Lond. 4to. [xii], 376. Anon. Announced in Gentleman’s Mag., Oct. 1733 (vol. 3, p. 556). 1737, 2nd ed., Lond., 2 vols., 8vo ; 1745, 3rd, Lond., 2 vols., 8vo. Both anon. Rev. in Monthly Review, Lond., vol. 5 (1751), pp. 65-7. Extracts in A survey of the search after souls, by Dr. Coward . . . Mr. Baxter &c., by C. Fleming, 1758. 1738. Matho ; sive, cosmotheoria puerilis, dialogus ; in quo prima principia de mundi ordine et ornatu proponuntur . . . Edin. 4to. [iv], 60. Anon.




1746. Editio altera. Lond. 8vo. [iv], 222. Anon. 1740. Matho : or, the cosmotheoria puerilis, a dialogue in which the first principles of philosophy and astronomy are accommodated to the capacity of young persons . . . Hence the principles of natural religion are deduced. Translated, and enlarged by the author. Lond. 2 vols. 8vo. [xiv], 432 ; [viii], 395. Anon. 1745, 2nd ed., Lond., 2 vols., 8vo ([xiv], 400 ; [viii], 362 and index of 30 pp.), Anon ; 1754, Dublin, 2 vols., i2mo, anon ; 1765, 3rd ed., corr. and enl., Lond., 2 vols., i2mo, anon. 1750. An appendix to the first part of the Enquiry . . . soul ; wherein the principles laid down there, are cleared from some objections ; and the government of the Deity in the material world is vindicated, or shewn not to be carried on by mechanism and second causes. By the author of the Enquiry . . . Lond. 8vo. x, 280. Ed. by J. Duncan. Dedicated to John Wilkes of Ayles¬ bury. Rev. by [Wm. Rose] in Monthly Review, vol. 2 (1749-50)> PP- 394-406. [1753]. A letter from Mr. Baxter, author of An enquiry . . . to John Wilkes, Esq; Noplace. i2mo. Pp. 12. “ The following letter, having been shamefully mangled in a Scotch magazine, the gentleman, to whom it is addressed, in justice to the author, prints this genuine copy, under his own inspection ” (Advert.). 1779- The evidence of reason in proof of the immortality of the soul, independent on the more abstruse inquiry into the nature of matter and spirit. Collected from the MSS. of Mr. Baxter . . . To which is prefixed a letter from the editor to the Rev. Dr. Priestley. Lond. 8vo. xli, 459. Ed. by J. Duncan. Rev. by [Wm. Bewley] in Monthly Rev., vol. 62 (1780), pp. 58-61. 1735- Jackson, John. A dissertation on matter and spirit : with some remarks on a book, entitled, An enquiry . . . soul. Lond. 8vo. viii, 56. 1738. Perronet, V. A second vindication of Mr. Locke, wherein ... the various objections rais’d . . . by the learned author of An enquiry . . . soul, are consider’d. Lond. 8vo. [xvi], 132. I74I- [Wimpey, J.]. Remarks on a book, intitled : An enquiry . . . soul. Lond. 8vo. Pp. 52.



BAYNES, THOMAS SPENCER. Educ. Edin. under Hamilton and latter’s assistant 1850. St. Andrews. Edited gth ed. of Encycl. Britannica. D.N.B.

97 1823-87. 1864 Prof, of Logic,

1850. An essay in the new analytic of logical forms . . . With an historical appendix. Edin. 8vo. xi, 157. Gained a prize offered by Hamilton in 1846. 1850. Logic, or the art of thinking : being the Port-Royal logic. Trans, from the French, with an intro. Edin. Sm. 8vo. xlii, 362. 1851, 2nd ed. enl. ; 1854,3rd; 1861,5th; [18721,7th; n.d. 8th. 1851. On the quantification of the predicate. In Athenaeum, no. 1214 (Feb. 1st). 1857. Sir William Hamilton. In Edinburgh essays by members of the University, Edin., la. 8vo, pp. 241-300. 1873. Spencer on Sir Wm. Hamilton and the quantification of the predicate. In Contemporary Review, vol. 21, pp. 796-8. Reply by W. S. Jevons, pp. 821-4. 1903.





Educ. Marischal Coll., Aberdeen, under Gerard. 1760-97 Prof, of Moral Philos, there. Famous in his day as a poet. D.N.B. Thomson•

1770. An essay on the nature and immutability of truth ; in opposition to sophistry and scepticism. Edin. 8vo. viii, 5°3Only with difficulty did this ungentle diatribe against Hume find a publisher, and the one who accepted it required the full cost to be borne by the author. B.’s friends concealed this unflattering condition, collected 50 guineas, and gave this to him as the publisher’s payment. Rev. by [Wm. Rose] in the Monthly Review, Lond., vol. 42 (1770), pp. 450-7 and vol. 43 (1770), 268-83. 1771, 2nd ed., Edin. ; 1772, 3rd, Lond. ; 1773, 3rd, Dublin, i2mo; 1773, 4th, Lond.; 1774, 5th, Lond.;




1777, 6th, Edin. ; 1778, 6th, Lond. ; 1805, 6th, Edin., i2mo ; 1807, 7th, Lond., “ To which is now prefixed, a sketch of the origin and progress of the work” ; 1810, 9th, Lond.; 1811, Lond.; 1812, 8th, Lond.; 1815, Lond., in vol. 2 of Evidences of the Christian religion ; being a collection of . . . tracts and essays (B.’s essay has its own t-p. dated 1816) ; 1823, Lond., i2mo ; 1824, Lond., i2mo ; [1853], Lond. Except otherwise noted, all 8vo. See also next item. Of the 2nd ed. the British Museum has a copy given by the author to Samuel Johnson, and Glasgow University one given by George III to Wm. Hunter. Trans.—*1772, Ueber die Natur der Wahrheit, trans. by H. W. von Gerstenberg, Copenhagen ; 1790, Grundlinien der Psychologie, natiirlichen Theologie, Moralphilosophie und Logik, iibers. und mit Anmerk. und Zusatzen begleitet von K. P. Moritz, Berlin, 2 vols. 1776. Essays : on the nature ... of truth . . . and scepticism ; on poetry and music as they affect the mind ; on laughter and ludicrous composition ; on the utility of classical learn¬ ing. Edin. 4to. [x], xiv, 757. 1777 ed. rev. by [Wm. Rose] in Monthly Review, vol. 56 (U77), PP- 409-13, and vol. 57 (1777), pp. 29-43, 107-20. 1777, Edin., 4to ; 1778, Edin., 2 vols., 8vo ; 1778, Dublin, 2 vols., 8vo. Trans.—1779. Neue philos. Versuche. Aus dem Engl, iibers. ; mit einer Vorrede vom Prof. Meiners. Lpzg. 2 vols. 8vo. [1798] Essai sur la poesie et sur la musique. Paris & Milan. “An Vie.” 8vo. 1776. Essays. On poetry and music . . . mind ; On laughter . . . composition. On . . . learning. Edin. 8vo. vi [ii], 555. (Vol. 2 of 1778 ed. of the larger collection is identical with this.) 1777, Edin., 8vo ; 1778, Edin., 8vo ; 1779, 3rd ed., Lond., 8vo. 1822. Remarks on the usefulness of classical learning . . . New edition : to which is prefixed, a biographical sketch of the author. Lond. i2mo. 1779- A Est of two hundred Scoticisms. With remarks. Aberdeen. 8vo. Pp. 18. Anon. 1787. Scoticisms : arranged in alphabetical order, de¬ signed to correct improprieties of speech and writing.


Edin. 8vo. pp. 56.

Pp. 121.



Also 1811, Edin., i6mo,

That Beattie wrote such a pamphlet is proved by his letter to Sir Wm. Forbes April 10, 1779; and that he republ. it in an enlarged form, by his letter to the same Feb. 7, 1785 (both letters quoted in Notes & Queries, 3rd series, vol. 4, 1863, p. 272). Cp. Hume’s Scotticisms. 17^3- Dissertations, moral and critical : On memory and imagina¬ tion. On Dreaming. The theory of language. On fable and romance. On the attachments of kindred. Illustra¬ tions on sublimity. Lond. 4to. xvi, 655. Rev. by [Wm. Rose] in Monthly Review, vol. 69 (1783), pp. 30-43. 1783, Dublin, 2 vols., 8vo. Trans.—1789-90. Moralische und kritische Abhandlungen. Aus dem Engl., mit Zusatzen und einer Vorrede. Gottingen. 3 vols. 1788. The theory of language. In two parts . . . New ed. Lond. 8vo. [viii], 3go. Rev. by [John Rotheram] in Monthly Review, vol. 79 (1788), pp. 442-3. 1790-3. Elements of moral science. Edin. 2 vols. 8vo. xv, 438 ; viii, 688. *1794, Philad. ; 1807, 2nd ed., Edin. ; 1817, 3rd, Edin. : all 2 vols., 8vo. Trans.—*1840. Elements de science morale. Trad, par C. Mallet. Paris. 2 vols. 8vo. Besides the above and his poetical and religious writings Beattie edited his deceased son’s “ Essays and fragments in prose and verse . . . To which is prefixed an account of the author’s life and character ”, 1794, Edin. (privately pr.), 8vo, pp. 340, two of which barely touch on philosophy. The son (James Hay Beattie) took over part of his father’s professional duties I787-91804. Bower, Alex. An account of the life of James Beattie . . . and a sketch of the state of literature in Scotland during the last century. Lond. 8vo. vii, 230. 1806. Forbes, Sir Wm. An account of the life and writings of James Beattie . . . Including many of his original letters. Edin. 2 vols. 4to. 1807, 2nd ed., Edin., 3 vols., 8vo ; 1824, Lond., 1 vol. , i2mo. Forbes was one of B.’s executors.




Rev. by [Jeffrey] in Edin. Review, vol. io (1807), pp. 171 -99 (repr. in Jeffrey’s Contributions to the Edin. Rev., 1844). 1863. Mallet, Charles. Memoire sur la vie et les ecrits de J. Beattie. Paris (privately pr.). Pp. 78. “Extrait du Compte-rendu de l’Academie des sc. morales et politiques.” 1904. Forbes, Margaret. Beattie and his friends. Westminster. 8vo. vii, 332. 1773. Anon. The essay on the nature and immutability of truth . . . shewn to be sophistical, and promotive of scepticism and infidelity ... By a professor of moral philosophy in the college of common-sense. Lond. 8vo. Pp. 74. 1774. Priestley, Joseph. An examination of Dr. Reid’s Inquiry . . . Dr. Beattie’s Essay . . . Lond. 8vo. lxi, 371. 2nd ed., 1775. 1780. Buffier, C. First truths . . . trans. from the French . . . To which is prefixed a detection of the plagiarism, concealment, and ingratitude of the Doctors Reid, Beattie, and Oswald . . . Lond. 8vo. Ixxi, 438. 1785. Anon. The fall of scepticism and infidelity predicted ; an epistle to Dr. Beattie, occasioned by his essay on . . . truth .... Lond. 8vo. xii, 159. Laudatory verses. 1803. Buhle,J. G. Geschichte der neuern Philosophic. Gottingen. Vol 5, pp. 247-69 on Reid, Beattie, and Oswald.

BLAIR, HUGH. Educ. Edin. Univ.


Minister of religion.

1718-1800. 1762 Prof, of Rhetoric, Edin.


*1739- De fundamentis et obligatione legis naturae. Observations upon a pamphlet, intitled, An analysis of the moral and religious sentiments ... of Sopho and David Hume, Esq ; &c. Edin. (no pr. or publ.). 8vo. Pp. 28. Anon. Sopho is Home, Henry. See also Anderson, Geo., 1755 & 1756. !755- (Review of Hutcheson’s System of moral philosophy). In Edin. Review, no. 1, pp. 9-23 (2nd ed., 1818, Lond., pp. 8-20, where it is attrib. to Blair).



[1767]. Heads of the lectures on rhetorick, and belles lettres, in the Univ. of Edinburgh, 1767. Edin. i2mo. Pp. 44. Anon. 1783. Lectures on rhetoric and belles lettres. Lond. 2 vols. 4to. viii, 496 ; iv, 550, [17]. Portr. Rev. by [Wm. Rose] in Monthly Review, Lond., vol. 68 (i783)j PP- 489"5°5 and vol. 69 (1783), 186-92 and vol. 70 (1784), 173-83. 1783, Dublin, 3 vols. ; 1784, Philad., 1 vol., 4to ; 1785, 2nd ed., Lond., 3 vols. ; 1787, 3rd, Lond., 3 vols., sm. 4to ; *1788, Basle ; 1790, 4th, Lond., 3 vols., 8vo ; 1793, 5th (as 4th) ; 1796, 6th (as 4th) ; 1798, 7th (as 4th) ; 1801, Basle, 3 vols. ; 1801, 8th (as 4th) ; 1803, 9th (as 4th) ; 1806, 10th (as 4th) ; *1809 (as 4th) ; 18n, Edin., 3 vols., 8vo ; 1814, 13th, Lond., 4 vols., i2mo ; 1817 (as 4th) ; 1818, Lond., 3 vols. ; 1820, Edin., 2 vols. ; 1820 (as 4th) ; 1823, Lond., 1 vol. ; 1824, Lond., 1 vol. ; 1825, x4th, Lond., 1 vol. ; 1825, Lond., 1 vol., with pref. by L. T. Berguer ; 1838, Lond., 1 vol. ; 1845, Lond., 1 vol., with intro, by Thos. Dale (repr. 1863 and 1879, Lond.) ; 1850, Halifax (England), 1 vol. Except when otherwise noted, all 8vo. Abridgements—1784, Lond., 8vo (3rd ed. 1787, Lond. ; 4th 1801, Tewkesbury) ; 1803, Boston (Mass.) ; 1911, N.Y., condensed by Grenville Kleiser. Trans.—1785-9, Vorlesungen liber Rhetorik und schone Wissenschaften, libers, mit Anmerk. und Zusatzen von K. G. Schreiter, Liegnitz & Leipzig, 4 vols. 1820, Schule der Redekunst und schonen Wissenschaft iiberhaupt, fur Deutsche bearbeitet von Joseph Eiselein, Donauoschingen, 2 vols. 1797, Lemons de rhetorique et de belles lettres. Trad, par Cantwell. Paris. 4 vols. *1808, Cours de rhetorique. Trad, par P. Prevost. Geneva. 4 vols. *1821, 2e ed., Paris, 2 vols. *1821, Lemons de rhetorique, trad, par J. P. Quenot, suivies des opinions de Voltaire, Buffon, etc. Paris. 3 vols. *1830, 2e ed., Paris, 3 vols. *1845, 3e ed., Paris, 2 vols. *1825, Abrege du cours complet de rhetorique. Trad, sur la 6e ed. par S. P. H. Paris. 1801-2, Lezioni di retorica e belle lettere . . . Tradotte . . . e comentate da Francesco Soave. Parma. 3 vols. Also *1811, nuova ed., Genoa, 3 vols. ; *1813, 3a ed., Prato, 3 vols. ; 1839, Istituzioni di rettorica e belle lettere




tratte dalle lezioni di Ugo Blair dal padre Fr. Soave aiYipliate . • . da G. J. ^'lontanari. Edizione seconda. Florence. 2 vols. 1816-7, Lecciones sobre la retorica y las bellas letras : las tradujo . . . Don Jose Luis Munarriz. 3a ed. Madrid. 4 vols. 1819, Compendio de las leciones sobre la retorica y bellas letras de Hugo Blair. Por Don J. L. M. y S. Toulouse. 1 vol. 1837, Chyeniya o slovesnonti. By I. Davuidov. Moscow. 4 vols. Not a trans., but based on Blair. 1807. Hill, John. An account of the life and writings of Hugh Blair. Edin. 8vo. Pp. 227.




Educ. Edin. under Stewart. 1800 Advocate. 1808 Barrister. 1810 Member of Parliament. 1830 Lord Chancellor. 1825 Lord Rector of Glasgow University. i860 Chancellor of Edin. Univ. Shared in the foundation of London Univ. and of the Edin. Review. D.J\f.B. Thomson.


1855-61. Lond. & Glasgow, n vols. 8vo. Repr. 1872-3, Edin., n vols. Rev. in North British Review, . Edin., vol. 30 (1859), pp. 417-40. Opinions of Lord Brougham on politics, theology, law, science, literature, &c. 1837. Lond. 8vo. Pp. 504. With biographi¬ cal sketch. Also (in English) 1841, Paris. 1813. Review of Bentham’s “ Theorie des peines et des recom¬ penses ”. In Edin. Rev., vol. 22, pp. 1-31. Repr. in his “ Contribu¬ tions to the Edin. Rev.” (1856), vol. 3. 1825. Inaugural discourse ... on being installed Lord Rector of the University of Glasgow . . . Glasg. 8vo. Pp. 51. On rhetoric. Repr. in Inaug. addresses by Lords Rectors of the Univ. of Glasgow, ed. by John B. Hay, 1839, Glasg. Trans.—*1826, Discours inaugurale . . . trad, par M. Constantin. Paris. 1835. A discourse of natural theology, showing the nature of the evidence and the advantages of the study. Brussels. Sm. 8vo. Pp. 275.



2nd, 3rd & 4th editions same year, Lond., sm. 8vo. Also in vol. 1 of Paley’s Natural theology with Ulus, notes by . . . Brougham and Sir Charles Bell, 1835-6, 3 vols., London (also 1845). Rev. in Westminster Review, vol. 23 (1835), PP- 333-62 ; Quarterly Rev., 55 (1836), 387-416 ; Edin. Rev., 64 (1837), 263-302. Trans.—1835. Gott und Unsterblichkeit . . . aus dem Engl, von J. Sporschil. Leipzig. *1835. Discours sur la theologie naturelle. Trad, sous les yeux de l’auteur par J. C. Tarver. Paris. 1839. Dissertations on subjects of science connected with natural theology : being the concluding volumes of the new edition of Paley’s works. Lond. 2 vols. i2mo. xxxvi, 374 ; 480. 1842-3. Political philosophy. Lond. 3 parts in 3 vols. 8vo. xii, 1-608, 6og*-684*, 609-663 ; xiv, 393 ; xiv, 189. Anon. 1843, pt. 1 ; 1844, pts. 1 & 2, 2 vols. ; 1849, 2nd ed., 3 parts; 1853, 3rd ed. of pts. 1 & 2 : all Lond. Rev. in Edin. Rev., vol. 81 (1845), pp. 1-46. 1845-6. Lives of men of letters and science, who flourished in the time of George III. Lond. 2 vols. 8vo. xv, 517; xi, 516. Also *two Paris editions (by different publishers) same years. Later divided into “ Lives of men of letters ” (Voltaire, Rousseau, Hume, Robertson, Johnson, Gibbon) and “ Lives of philosophers ” (Black, Watt, Priestley, Cavendish, Davy, Simson, Adam Smith, Lavoisier, Banks, D’Alembert) ; 3rd ed. of former 1856, 4th ed. of latter 1862. Rev. by [J. W. Croker] in Quarterly Review, vol. 76 (1845), PP- 62-98. Trans, of 2 chapters—1845. Voltaire et Rousseau . . . ouvrage accompagne de lettres entierement inedites de Voltaire, d’Helvetius, de Hume, etc. Paris. i860. Installation address of . . Brougham . . . Chancellor of the Univ. of Edinburgh . . . With notes. Edin. i2mo. Pp. 71. Trans.—1860. Education universitaire, trans. by A. Pey. Paris. 1871. The life and times of . . . Brougham, written by himself. Edin. & Lond. 3 vols. 8vo. vii, 552 ; xii, 516 ; xii, 524. Portr. 1871, 2nd ed., 3 vols., ibid. 1853. Francis, G. H. Henry Lord Brougham & Vaux : a critical biography. Lond. Pp. 120.




Repr. in part from Fraser's Magazine. 1868. Harris, Geo. Memoir of Lord Brougham. Lond. Pp. 62. 1868. M’Gilchrist, John. The life and career of . . . Brougham. Lond. Pp. 248. 1869. Adams, Francis. Lord Brougham. Lond. & Bgham. Pp. 26. 1873. [Thomas, Ralph]. A bibliographical list of Lord Brougham’s publications. London (privately pr.). Pp. 124. 1881. Bagehot, W. Biographical studies. Lond. (Essay II). 1908. Atkinson, R. H. M. & Jackson, G. A. Brougham and his early friends ; letters to James Loch 1798-1809. With notes and appendices. London (privately pr.). 3 vols. 1935* Garratt, G. T. Lord Brougham. Lond. xii, 354. 1835. [Ammon, G.] A letter to Lord Brougham, on his recent publication on natural theology. Lond. iv, 3-48. 1835. Jobert, A. C. G. Two words on Lord Brougham’s and Dr. Paley’s natural theology. Lond. Pp. 36. 1835. Wallace, Thos. Observations on the Discourse of nat. theol. by . . . Brougham. Lond. 12mo. iv, 163. 1835. Same. Additional observations . . . Brougham. Dublin. i2mo. iv, 130. 1836. [Martin, Thos.] Remarks occasioned by Lord Brougham’s “ Paley’s Natural Theology illustrated ”. Lond. 8vo. Pp. 45. 2nd ed. same year. 1836. Anon. Reflections on revealed and profane theology, ad¬ dressed to . . . Brougham . . . Lond. i2mo. Pp. no. 1836. Turton, Thos. Natural theology considered with reference to Lord Brougham’s Discourse . . . Camb. Pp. 354. 2nd ed. same year, Camb. & Lond. 1836-7. Anon. Serious thoughts generated by perusing Lord Brougham’s Discourse . . . Lond. Pp. 296. 1843. Holland, Thos. Critical remarks on Lord Brougham’s nat. theol. Capetown. i2mo. Pp. in.



Educ. Edin. Univ. under Stewart, then proceeding to medicine there. Prof, of Moral Philos., Edin. Published many poems. D.N.B. Thomson.


1798. Observations on the Zoonomia of Erasmus Darwin. 8vo. xxiv, 560.




1802-3. (Review of Philosophie de Kant by Charles Villers.) In Edin. Rev., vol. 1, pp. 253-80. Unsigned. i8°3* Quaestio physica inauguralis, de somno. Edin. 8vo. viii qcl. Thesis for M.D. [1805]. Observations on the nature and tendency of the doctrine of Mr. Hume concerning the relation of cause and effect. Edin. 8vo. ii, 46. Anon. Imprint erroneously 1850, partly obliterated by imposed printer’s ornament. 1806, 2nd ed. enlarged (also in Tracts, hist, andphilos. . . . resp. the election of Mr. Leslie to the Professorship of Mathematics, 1806, Edin., 2 vols.). 1818, 3rd, under title “ Inquiry into the relation of cause and effect ”, Edin., 8vo, xvi, 569 ; *1822, Andover (Mass.) ; 1835, 4th, Lond. 1806. A short criticism of the terms of the charge against Mr. Leslie, in the protest of the ministers of Edinburgh. Edin. 8vo. Pp. 48. Also in Tracts, hist, and philos. (above), vol. 1. Cp. Stewart’s pamphlets on same subject, 1805 and 1806. 1806. An examination of some remarks in the reply of Dr. John Inglis to Professor Playfair. Edin. 8vo. Pp. 66. Also in Tracts (above), vol. 2. 1807. Protest against the vote of censure on Dr. [James] Gregory, by the Royal College of Physicians, 26th November, 1806. Pp. 117-23 of vol. 2 of the official papers on the censure. 1813. Two letters, on the subject of the present vacancy in the Professorship of Oriental languages. Edin. 8vo. Pp. 31, 7. One had appeared in the * Caledonian Mercury. 1820. Sketch of a system of the philosophy of the human mind. Part first. Comprehending the physiology of the mind. Edin. 8vo. xix, 295. The author’s advert, describes this as a fragment, pub¬ lished because ill-health might prevent its completion. 1820. Lectures on the philosophy of the human mind. Edin. 4 vols. 8vo. viii, 587 ; viii, 607 ; viii, 638 ; viii, 615. 1824, 2nd ed., Edin., 4 vols., 8vo ; 1828, Edin., 1 vol., 8vo, with memoir by D. Welsh ; 1830 (as 1828) ; 1833, 7th, and 1834, 8th—as 1828 ; 1836, Hallowell (U.S.A.), 2 vols. ; *1838, nth, 1841, 13th, 1842, 13th, 1844, 14th, 1845, 15th, 1846, 16th, 1848, 17th—all as 1828 ; 1851, 19th, Edin. & Lond., 4 vols., also 1 vol. ; 1858, 19th,




Lond., i vol. ; i860, 20th, Lond., 1 vol. (with Chalmers’ preface to Lects. on Ethics) ; n.d, 21st (as i860). 1838. Compendium of Dr. Brown’s philosophy of the human mind : embodying Brown’s sketch of the physiology of the mind. With the substance of the first two volumes of his lectures. By J. P. Boyle. Dublin. i2mo. iv, 352. 1849, Dublin, new ed. 1840. See Hamilton, under 1852. 1846. Lectures on ethics . . . with a preface by Thomas Chalmers. Edin. 8vo. xxviii, 524. (These are lects. 73 to the end of above.) 1825. Welsh, David. Account of the life and writings of Thomas Brown. Edin. 8vo. viii, 525. Portr. The Life prefixed to B.’s Lectures is an abridgement of the above. 1820. Esdaile, James. Remarks on Dr. Brown’s physiology of the mind. Perth. 8vo. Pp. 11. 1824. [Shepherd, Lady Mary]. An essay upon the relation of cause and effect, controverting the doctrine of Mr. Hume . . . with observations upon the opinions of Dr. Brown . . . Lond. 8vo. vii, 194. 1828. Payne, Geo. Elements of mental and moral science . . . Lond. 8vo. xx, 529. Based very largely on Brown. 1842, 2nd ed. ; 1845, 3rd ; 1856, 4th : all Lond. 1829. Crybbace, T. T. An essay on moral freedom : to which is attached, a review of . . . Dr. Brown’s theory of causation and agency. Edin. 8vo. xxiv, 311. 1830. Wainewright, Latham. A vindication of Dr. Paley’s theory of morals from the principal objections of Mr. Dugald Stewart . . . and Dr. Thomas Brown . . . Lond. 8vo. xxxvi, 204. 1840. Carson, Alex. History of providence . . . and an examination of the philosophy of Dr. Thomas Brown on that subject. Edin. Sm. 8vo. Pp. 406. 1853. Alison, Wm. P. Observations on the speculations of Dr. Brown . . . regarding the exercise of the senses. In Trans, of the Royal Scty. of Edin., vol. 20, pp. 513-40. Treats also of Reid and Stewart. 1863. Rethore, F. Critique de la philosophic de Thomas Brown. Paris. 8vo. xxxii, 251.



1897. Woods, James H. Thomas Browns Causationstheorie und ihr Einfluss auf seine Psychologie. Diss. (Strassburg). Lpzg. ^ Pp. 72. 1909. Dobrzyriska-Rybicka, L. von. Die Ethik von Thomas Brown. Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte des Intuitionismus. Diss. (Zurich). Posen. 8vo. 190, [8]. 1909. Kucera, Elsa. Die Erkenntnistheorie von Thomas Brown. Diss. (Zurich). Zagreb (Croatia), viii, 155.



Educ. St. Andrews Univ. and Utrecht. Minister of English church at Utrecht 1778. 1788 Prof, of Philos, and Church History, Utrecht. 1795 Prof, of Divinity, Marischal College, Aberdeen, and 1796 Principal of same college. D.N.B. Thomson.

1784. Disputatio de fabrica mundi in quo mala insunt. In Josephus Pap de Fagaras, Disputatio, qua demonstrator non esse contra naturam Dei effecisse mundum, in quo mala insunt . . . Accedunt diss. IV J. C. Schwab, H. R. van Lier, T. Spaan, W. L. Brown, 1784, Leyden, 4to, pp. 207-70. 1788. Oratio de religionis et philosophiae societate et concordia maxime salutari habita die 14. Febr. a. 1788; quum ordinarium, in Academia Trajectina historiae ecclesiastic* et philosophiae moralis professionem publice susciperet. Utrecht. 4to. 1788. An essay on the folly of scepticism ; the absurdity of dog¬ matizing on religious subjects ; and the proper medium to be observed between these two extremes. Lond. i2mo. xxi, 192. Awarded gold medal of Teyler’s Scty. of Haarlem 1786 and had been printed in the Scty.’s Proceedings, Verhandelingen . . . uitgegeeven door TeyleVs godgeleerd genootschap, Haarlem, pt. VII, 1787, after p. 330 (Dutch trans. pp. 3ff.). 1790. Oratio de imaginatione, in vitae institutione, regunda, habita die XXV Martii MDCCXC ; cum magistratu se academico abdicaret. Utrecht. 4to. [vi], 3-80. 1793. An essay on the natural equality of men ; on the rights that result from it, and on the duties which it imposes . . . corrected and enlarged. Edin. 8vo. xxi, 272. Awarded silver medal of Teyler’s Scty. and had been printed in Dutch in the Scty.’s Proceedings [Verhandelingen), pt. XIII, 1793, pp. 17iff-








1794, 2nd ed. “ corr. and considerably enlarged ”, Lond., 8vo, xxi, 323. 1802, “ 2nd American ed.”, Newark, i2mo. A sermon, preached in the West Church, Aberdeen, April 17th, 1796. On occasion of the death of the Very Reverend Dr. George Campbell. Aberdeen. 8vo. Pp. 31. On Campbell, Geo. Remarks on certain passages of An examination of Mr. Dugald Stewart's pamphlet . . . relative to subjects nearly connected with the interests of religion and learning. Aberdeen. 8vo. Pp. 64. Re-issued in Tracts, historical and philosophical, relative to ... the election of Mr. Leslie, by various writers, 1806, Edin., vol. 2. Cp. below, p. 180. An essay on the existence of a supreme creator, possessed of infinite power, wisdom, and goodness . . . Aberdeen. 2 vols. 8vo. lv, 342 ; ii, 383. Had received in 1815 John Burnett’s prize of £1200. A view of the present times. Appendix (pp. 685-714) to John Leland’s View of the principal deistical writers, 1837 ed., Lond.

1841. Bruce, James. Lives of eminent men of Aberdeen. Aber¬ deen. i2mo. 1850. Irving, David. Lives of Scotish writers. Edin. 2 vols. 8 vo. Vol. 2, pp. 325-48. BRUCE, JOHN. Educ. Edin. D.N.B.


1775-^6 Prof, of Logic, Edin.

1809-14, Member of Parliament.

1780. First principles of philosophy. For the use of students. Edin. i2mo. xii, 135. 1781, 2nd ed., Edin., i2mo, xv, 202 ; 1785, 3rd ed., enlarged, Edin., i2mo, xv, 235. Rev. by [Wm. Rose] in Monthly Review, Lond., vol. 64 (uSi), pp. 377-91786. Elements of the science of ethics, on the principles of natural philosophy. Lond. 8vo. xxiii, 324. Rev. by [John Rotheram and Wm. Rose] in Monthly Review, vol. 76 (1787), pp. 497-500.



BURNETT, JAMES (LORD MONBODDO). Educ. Aberdeen Univ. and Groningen. Monboddo. D.N.B. Thomson.



1767 Lord of Session with title Lord

1768. Preface to An account of a savage girl caught wild in the woods of Champagne. Trans, from the French of Madam H—T, Edin., i2mo. Also 1796, Aberdeen, i2mo. Preface repr. in his “ Antient metaphysics ”, vol. 4, pp. 403-8. 1773_92* Of the origin and progress of language. Edin. 6 vols. 8vo. Anon. Vols. publ. 1773, 1774, 1776, 1787, 1789, 1792. 2nd ed. of vol. 1, 1774, Edin. ; of vol. 3, 1786, Lond. Reviewed in Monthly Review, Lond., vol. 49 (1774), pp. 166-73 & 321-32 by [Wm. Rose] ; 52 (1775), 97-104, 55 (1777), 425-30, and 78 (1788), 456 by [Wm. Enfield]. Trans.—1784-5. Des Lord Monboddo Werk von dem Ursprunge und Fortgange der Sprache fibers, von C. A. Schmid. Riga. 2 vols. 8vo. 1779-99. Antient metaphysics : or, the science of universals. Edin. 6 vols. 4to. Anon. Vols. publ. 1779, 1782, 1784, 1795, 1797, 1799. Con¬ tents—1 & 2, exam, of Newton’s philos. ; 3, hist, of ancient philos. ; 4 & 5, hist, of man ; 6, natural philosophy. Rev. in Monthly Review, vol. 61 (1780), 191-200 by [John Gillies] ; 67 (1782), 340-5 by [Stuart] ; 72 (1785), 354-6 by [Wm. Enfield]. 1900. See Knight. Appended to this is Observations on “ Ancient Metaphysics ” by S. Horsley, a letter written in 1780.

CAIRNS, WILLIAM, Educ. Glasgow Univ. Minister of religion. Lettres, Belfast Academical Institution. D.JV.B.

c. 1780-1848. 1815-48 Prof, of Logic & Belles

1829. Outlines of lectures on logic and belles lettres ... For the use of students. Belfast. 8vo. Pp. 64. 1835. See Young, John. 1844. A treatise on moral freedom ; containing inquiries into the

I 10



operations of the intellectual principles, in connexion generally with moral agency and responsibility . . . Lond. 8vo. xxiv, 496. CALDERWOOD, HENRY. Educ. Edin. under Hamilton. 1868-97 Prof, of Moral Philos., Edin.




Minister of religion in Glasgow.

1854. The philosophy of the Infinite ; with special reference to the theories of Sir Wm. Hamilton and M. Cousin. Edin. 8vo. viii, 241. [1861], 2nd ed. “ greatly enl.” (and latter part of title changed), Camb. & Lond., xix, 520 ; *1872, 3rd. 2nd ed. rev. in London Rev., vol. 16 (1861), pp. 541-5 ; and in Dublin Rev., N.S., vol. 5 (1865), pp. 474-504. 1866. The sensational philosophy—Mr. J. S. Mill and Dr. M’Cosh. In Brit. & Forn. Evang. Rev., Lond., vol. 15, pp. 396-412. 1868. Moral philosophy ; as a science, and as a discipline. An inaugural lecture. Edin. Pp. 18. 1869. Kant’s Metaphysics of ethics . . . Trans, by J. W. Semple . . . New ed., with an intro, by H. Calderwood. Edin. 1871, 3rd ed. (intro, recast), Edin. 1869. Lecky and the Utilitarians. In Contemp. Rev., Lond., vol. 12, pp. 321-42. 1870. The science of morals. Ibid., vol. 14, pp. 42-57. *1871. The present position of philosophy in Germany. In Spectator, July 1st. 1872. Moral philosophy and savage life. In Contemp. Rev., vol. 19, 210-22. 1872. Handbook of moral philosophy. Lond. vii, 277. Repr. 1873 (twice), 1875 (4th), ’78 (5th), *’79, *’80, *’81, *’82, *’83, *’84, ’85 (12th), ’86 (13th), ’88 (14th, “largely rewritten”), *’90, ’91 (16th), ’95. 1874. On teaching : its ends and means. Edin. i2mo. ix, 114. 1881, 3rd ed., Lond. ; 1900, Lond. C. was the first Chairman of the Edinburgh School Board. 1876. Mr. Sidgwick and intuitionalism. In Mind, vol. 1, pp. 197-206. 1876. The vocabulary of philosophy ... By Wm. Fleming. Third ed. Edited by Hy. Calderwood. Lond. Pp. 540.


1877. 1878. 1879. 1879. 1880. 1881. 1881.



1887. 1891.

1892. 1893. 1893. 1896.

I 11

See Fleming. The 3rd ed. is included in Vocabulary of philos. sciences by C. P. Krauth, 1878, N.Y. 1887, 4th ed. “ revised and largely reconstructed by Hy. Calderwood ”, Lond., vii, 439. 1894, Vocabulary of philosophy ... on the basis of Fleming’s Vocabulary, Lond., vi, 359. “ Substantially a new book” (preface). Ethical aspects of the theory of development. In Contemp. Rev., vol. 31, pp. 123-32. The problem concerning the human will. In Princeton Rev., 54th year, Sept., pp. 329-51. The problem of the human will. Ibid., 55th year, Sept., pp. 328-51. The relations of mind and brain. Lond. 8vo. xvi, 455. 1884, 2nd ed., xx, 527 ; 1892, 3rd, xxii, 551. Herbert Spencer on the data of ethics. In Contemp. Rev., vol. 37, pp. 64-76. Evolution, physical and dialectic. Ibid., vol. 40, pp. 865-76. The relations of moral philosophy to speculation concerning the origin of man. In Princeton Rev., 57th year, Nov., pp. 288-302. The relations of science and religion. The Morse lecture, 1880 . . . Union Theological Seminary, New York. Lond. xiii, 9-323. Another view of Green’s last work. In Mind, O.S., vol. 10, pp. 73-84. On Green’s Prole¬ gomena to ethics. The present position of philosophy in Britain. In New Princeton Rev., vol. 3, pp. 17-27. On evolution and man’s place in nature. In Proc. of the Royal Scty. of Edin., vol. 17, pp. 71-9. Read, Jan. 1890. Cp. below, 1893. Animal ethics as described by Herbert Spencer. In Philos. Rev., Boston, vol. 1, pp. 241-52. Old and new in philosophic method. Ibid., vol. 2, pp. 641-51. Evolution and man’s place in nature. Lond. xv, 349. 1896, 2nd ed., xx, 316. Cp. above, 1891. The relation of intuitionism to the ethical doctrine of selfrealization. In Philos. Rev., vol. 5, pp. 337-51.

I 12



1896. President McCosh of Princeton. In United Presbyt. Mag., Edin., \ol 13, pp. review of Sloane’s biography of M’Cosh. 1896. The Duke of Argyll on the philosophy of belief. In Edin. Rev., vol. 184, pp. 430-54. [1898]. David Hume. Edin. & Lond. 8vo. Pp. 158.



[1861]. Testimonials in favour of the Rev. Hy. Calderwood . . . candidate for the office of Examiner in Mental Philosophy to the Univ. of Glasgow. Glasg. Pp. 14. 1866. Testimonials . . . candidate for the Chair of Moral Philosophy in the Univ. of Glasgow. Glasg. Pp. 10. 1900. Calderwood, W. L. & Woodside, D. The life of Hy. Calderwood . . . with a special chapter on his philos. works by A. Seth Pringle-Pattison. Lond. viii, 447. Portr.

CAMPBELL, ARCHIBALD. Educ. Edin. & Glasgow. Andrews. D.N.B.

Minister of religion.

1691-1756. 1730 Prof, of Divinity, St.

1727. The theory, or rationale of ideas, in a letter to a friend. Lond. 8vo. Pp. 27. Signed A. (B.) C. No name on t-p. 1728. ’Aper7j-A.oyta or, an enquiry into the original of moral virtue ; wherein the false notions of Machiavel, Hobbes, Spinosa, and Mr. Bayle, as they are collected and digested by the author of The fable of the bees [B. Mandeville], are examin’d and confuted . . . To which is prefix’d, a prefatory introduction, in a letter to that author. By Alexander Innes. Westminster. 8vo. [viii], xlii, 333. A piece of literary thieving. Innes, who was in London, received the MS. from Campbell, added the “ pref. intro¬ duction ”, published it and fraudulently put his name to the whole. Campbell republ. it under his own name :— 1733. An enquiry into the original of moral virtue . . . against the author of The fable of the bees . . . with some reflections on a late book, intitled, An enquiry . . . virtue. Edin. 8vo. xxiv, 546. Repr. 1734, Lond., 8vo., xxxii, [xxiii], 546.



x739> 2nd ed., Lond., 8vo—the work of 1728, apparently the same sheets (and with Innes’s Dedication and Intro¬ duction), with a new title-page, which bears Campbell’s name. 1733- Oratio de vanitate luminis naturae, habita 2. April, anno 1733, in communi universitatis Andreapolitanae auditorio, quum Rectoris dignitatem annuam deponeret. Edin. 8vo. pP- 391739. The necessity of revelation : or an enquiry into the extent of human powers with respect to matters of religion ; especially those two fundamental articles, the being of God, and the immortality of the soul. Lond. 8vo. [xii], 4X7-

1731. [Hog, James]. Two letters, written by a minister of the Gospel to a gentleman, concerning Professor Campbell’s divinity. Edin. Sm. 8vo. Pp. 63. Anon. The first letter is on the Enquiry. 1731. [Hunter, J.]. An examination of Mr. Campbell’s principles, as laid down in his Enquiry into the original of moral virtue . . . Edin. 8vo. Pp. 29. Anon. 1735. Moncrieff, Alex. An enquiry into the principle, rule, and end of moral actions, wherein the scheme of selfish love, laid down by Mr. Archibald Campbell ... is examined, and the received doctrine is vindicated. Edin. 8vo. Pp. 74.



Educ. Marischal Coll. (Aberdeen) & Edin. Minister of religion. Principal of Marischal Coll. 1759-92 ; 1771-92 also Prof, of Divinity there. D.N.B. Thomson.

1762. A dissertation on miracles : containing an examination of the principles advanced by David Hume, Esq ; in an Essay on miracles. Edin. 8vo. xii, 288. Rev. by [Wm. Rose] in Monthly Review, Lond., vol. 26 (1762), pp. 499-502. , 1766, 2nd ed. ; 1796, 3rd; 1797, also 3rd, 2 vols. ; 1812 ; 1823 ; 1824 ; 1825. All these publ. in Edin. The last four include “ a correspondence on the subject by

I 14



Mr. Hume, Dr. Campbell, and Dr. Blair” (repr. in J. H. Burton’s Life and correspondence of Hume, 1846, vol. 2, pp. 115-20 : the correspondence arose out of Hume’s having received the MS. of Campbell’s Dissertation through Blair). Three London editions, 1824, 1827, 1839. Also 1816 in vol. 3 of The evidences of the Christian religion (tracts by various hands ; editor anon.), Lond. Trans.—176s, Dissertation sur les miracles . . . Trad, par J. de Castillon, Utrecht, i2mo ; *1767, trad, par M. E[idous], Amsterdam, 12mo. 1776. The philosophy of rhetoric. Lond. 2 vols. 8vo. xv, 511 ; vi, [ii], 445. Rev. by [Wm. Enfield] in Monthly Review, vol. 55 (1777),

pp. 286-95, 374-83.

1801, 2nd ed., Lond. ; 1808, Edin. ; 1816, Edin.—these in 2 vols. In 1 vol.—1819, Edin. ; *1823, 7th ed., Lond. ; 1841, nth, Lond. ; 1850, new ed., Lond. Abridgements—1823, Lond., “ abridged by A. Jamieson ” ; 1 g 11, N.Y. & Lond., “condensed by Grenville Kleiser ”. Trans.—*1791. Die Philosophic der Rhetorik. Berlin. 1796. See Brown, W. L. 1800. Keith, Geo. S. Account of the life and writings of the author. Prefixed to Campbell’s “ Lectures on ecclesiastical his¬ tory ”, Lond., 2 vols. (2nd ed. 1815, Aberdeen, 2 vols.). 1841. Bruce, James. Lives of eminent men of Aberdeen. Aberd. i2mo. 1896. See Davidson, W L.

CARMICHAEL, GERSHOM. Educ. Edin. Regent at St. Andrews ; Professor of Moral Philosophy, Glasgow.


1694 Regent at Glasgow.

1727 first

1707. Theses philosophicae, quas . . . adolescentes, ex inclyta Academia Glasguensi, ad lauream magisterialem aspirantes . . . publico eruditorum examini subjicient. Sub praesidio Gershomi Carmichael. Glasgow. Sm. 4to. Pp. 10. 1718. S. Puffendorfii De Officio hominis et civis . . . Editio nova, aucta observationibus & supplements, academicae institutionis causa adjectis a Gerschomo Carmichael. Glasgow. i2mo.



1724, ed. secunda priore auctior et emendatior. Edin. Sm. 8vo. 1769, accedit G. Carmichaelis appendix continens theses ethicas. Leyden. 2 vols. 8vo. * ? Breviuscula introductio ad logicam : studiosae juventutis (in Academia in primis Glasguensi) philosophica studia auspicantis primis usibus accommodata. 1722, ed. secunda, ab auctore recognita & emendata. Edin. 8vo. vi, 70. Anon (preface signed “G.C.”). 1752, ed. quarta. Edin. Sm. 8vo. vi, 58. 1729. Synopsis theologiae naturalis, sive notitiae de existenda, attributis, et operationibus, summi numinis, ex ipsa rerum natura haustae. Edin. i6mo. Pp. 94, 4. CHALMERS, THOMAS.


Educ. St. Andrews & Edin. 1802-3 Assistant to Prof, of Mathematics, St. Andrews. Minister of religion. 1823-8 Prof, of Moral Philosophy, St. Andrews, 1828-43 Prof- of Divinity, Edin. D.N.B. Thomson.

1833. On the power wisdom and goodness of God as manifested in the adaptation of external nature to the moral and intellectual constitution of man. Lond. 2 vols. 8vo. xiii, 284 ; vi, 304. Bridgewater Treatise. Also 1834, Lond., 2 vols. ; 1835, 4th ed., Glasgow, 2 vols. ; 1853, Lond., with biogr. pref. by John Cumming. Incorporated in “ Natural theology ” in vols. 1 & 2 of Chalmers’ Works [1836-42], Glasgow (25 vols.). “Nat. theol.” repr. 1850, 1851, 1853—all Edin. & Lond., 2 vols., 8vo. n.d. Sketches of moral and mental philosophy. Vol. 5 of Works, [1836-42], Glasgow. I cannot trace 1 separate publication. 1846. See Brown, Thos., under 1820. 1847. (Review of J. D. Morell’s Speculative philosophy of Europe). In North British Review, vol. 6, pp. 271-331. This unsigned review has been attrib. to Chalmers. 1849. Lectures on Butler’s Analogy. In Chalmers’ Posthumous Works, ed. by Wm. Hanna (Edin. & Lond., 1847-9, 9 vols., sm. 4to), vol. 9. 1849-52. Hanna, Wm. Memoirs of the life and writings of Thomas Chalmers. By his son-in-law. Edin. 4 vols. 8vo. Portrs.




1893. Oliphant, Mrs. M. O. W. Thomas Chalmers. Preacher, philosopher and statesman. Lond. 8vo. Pp. 255. Portr. [1896]. Blaikie, W. G. Thomas Chalmers. Edin. & Lond. 8vo. Pp. 160. 1903. See Knight.

COMBE, GEORGE. 1812 Writer to the Signet.



1820 Founded the Phrenological Society.


The select works of. . . 1893-4. Lond. & N.Y. 5 vols. Sm. 8vo. Contents—Const, of man ; moral philos. ; science & religion ; on education ; American notes. 1827. Essay on the constitution of man, and its relations to external objects. Edin. 8vo. vi, 125. 1828, Edin. & Lond., i2mo, xii, 319, with title “The const, of man, considered in relation to external objects ” ; 1829, Boston (Mass.) ; 1835, Boston (with additional chap, by J. A. Warne) ; 1835, N.Y. ; 1835, 2nd ed., corr. & enl., Edin., xii, 446 ; 1835, 4th ed., Edin. ; 1835, 5th ed., Edin. ; 1836,4th ed. (sic), “ people’s ed.”, Edin ; 1836, 6th ed., Edin., Lond. & Dublin ; 1836, 7th ed., Edin. ; 1841, 5th ed. (sic.), Edin. ; 1847, 6th ed., Edin. ; 1847, 8th ed., Edin. ; 1855, N.Y., “ adapted to the use of schools ” ; 1857, Boston, fol., in embossed type for the blind ; i860, 9th ed., Edin., xix, 405 ; i860, 9th ed., “ people’s ed.”, Edin., xx, 351 ; 1875, 9th ed., “ Henderson ed.”, Edin. ; 1893 (in Select Works). Abridgement—*1836, Albany (U.S.A.) ; repr. by Combe 1838, Edin. Trans.—1834. Essai sur la constitution de l’homme . . . trad. . . par M. Prosper Dumont. Paris. 1846. Abhandlung iiber das Wesen des Menschen . . . Aus dem Engl, von Dr. Ed. Hirschfeld. Mannheim. 1827. Notes in answer to Mr. Scott’s Remarks on Mr. Combe's Essay on the nat. const, of man. Edin. 8vo. iv, 28. Anon. W. Scott’s Remarks had appeared anon, the same year, Edin., 8vo, pp. 81. He replied to the above with A few last words to Mr. Combe on the subject of his essay on the natural



1829. 1836.





laws, 1828, Edin., 8vo, iv, 32, anon. Cp. also Examination of Mr. Scott’s attack upon Mr. Combe’s “ Constitution of man ” by H. C. Watson, 1836, Lond., i2mo, pp. 38. Correspondence relative to phrenology, between Sir William Hamilton, Dr. Spurzheim, and Mr. George Combe . . . Edin. & Lond. 8vo. Pp. 69. Perhaps published by Hamilton. Letter on the prejudices of the great in science and philosophy against phrenology . . . Edin. 8vo. Pp. 27. Lectures on moral philosophy : delivered before the Edin. Philos. Scty. Boston & N.Y. Sm. 8vo. iv, 183. 1840, Boston & Lond. (pr. in Boston). Acc. to this ed. the lectures were delivered in the winter 1835-6. With title “ Moral philosophy ; or, the duties of man considered in his individual, social, and domestic capaci¬ ties ”, 1840, Edin. ; 1841, 2nd ed., Edin ; 1846, 3rd ed., Edin. ; 1893 (in Select Works). (Reply in) Correspondence between Academicus [i.e. Alison] and Consiliarius, on the comparative merits of phrenology, and the mental philosophy of Reid and Stewart, by [W. P. Alison], Edin., 8vo, pp. 37. On the relation between religion and science. Edin. 8vo. Pp. 45. 1847, 2nd ed., Edin., pp. 46 ; 1847, 3rd, same ; 1857, 4th, enl., Edin., xxxi, 280 ; 1872, 5th, Edin. ; 1893 (in Select Works). Answer by George Combe to the attack on “ The const, of man ”, contained in “ Nature and revelation harmonious ”

. . . Edin. 8vo. PP- ^5, _ The attack was by C. J. Kennedy of Paisley. 1848. Moral and intellectual science : applied to the elevation of society. By G. Combe, R. Cox & others. N.Y. 8vo. iv, 112. 1836. Testimonials on behalf of George Combe, as a candidate for the Chair of Logic in the Univ. of Edin. Edin. 8vo. xviii, 172. 1878. Gibbon, Chas. The life of George Combe, author of “ The const, of man ”. Lond. 2 vols. 8vo. xvi, 335 ; viii, 404. 1864. Deuchar, Robt. A brief review of ancient and modern philosophy . . . Containing also a correspondence betwixt the author and the late George Combe . . . Edin. 8vo. xxiv, 307.






A joiner who became a distinguished geologist.


1857. The philosophy of theism. Lond. 8vo. Pp. 171 • Anon. 1872. What determines molecular motion ? Lond. 8vo. Pp. 25. 1880. Psychology proved by physical science. In Proc. of the Psychol. Scty. of Gt. Britain 1875-g, Lond., 12th paper. Read before the Scty. in 1877. 1883. Evolution by force impossible : a new argument against materialism. In Brit. Quarterly Review, Lond., vol. 77, pp. 35-71 • 1890. The philosophic basis of evolution. Lond. 8vo. viii, 204. 1896. Autobiographical sketch of James Croll, with memoir of his life and work by J. C. Irons. Lond. 8vo. Pp. 553- Portrs.

CROMBIE, ALEXANDER. Educ. Marischal Coll., Aberdeen.


Minister of religion.


1793. An essay on philosophical necessity. Lond. 8vo. viii, 508. 1819. See Gregory, James. 1829. Natural theology : or, essays on the existence of Deity and of providence, on the immateriality of the soul and a future state. Lond. 2 vols. 8vo. xvi, xxiii, 604 ; x, 642. Rev. in Edin. Review, vol. 54 (1831), pp. 147-59 ; and in Quarterly Review, 51 (1834), 213-28.

DAVIDSON, WILLIAM LESLIE. Educ. Aberdeen. 1873-96 Minister of Bourtie (ret.) Prof, of Logic & Meta., Aberdeen.



1884. Separation of questions in philosophy. In Mind, O.S., vol. 9, pp. 548-63. 1885. The logic of definition : explained and applied. xxiv, 353. 1888. Ethics and the ideal. In Mind, O.S., vol. 13, pp. 89-93.






1893. Theism as grounded in human nature historically and critically handled. Being the Burnett Lectures for 1892 and 1893. Lond. 8vo. xxvi, 469. 1896. A philosophical centenary. Reid and [Geo.] Campbell. Being the opening lecture of the Logic class. Aberdeen. 8vo. Pp. 21. 1899. Christian ethics. Lond. 8vo. viii, 146. 1904. Professor Bain. Bain’s philosophy. In Mind, N.S., vol. 13, pp. 151-5, 161-79. 1904. Autobiography of Alexander Bain. Lond. 8vo. xi, 449. Edited by Davidson, who was Bain’s literary executor. 1906. The University’s contribution to philosophy. Pp. 73-96 of Studies in the history and development of the Univ. of Aberdeen, ed. by P. J. Anderson, Aberd., 4to. 1907. The Stoic creed. Edin. 8vo. xxiii, 274. 1908-11. Anger. Appetite. Awe. Bain. Charity. Chrysippus. Cleanthes. Desire. Articles in Encycl. of religion & ethics, ed. by Jas. Hastings, Edin., vols. 1-4. 1911. Alex. Bain. In Encycl. Brit., nth ed. 1912-5. Dualism. Envy and emulation. Forgetfulness. Gratitude. Hatred. Image of God. James Mill. J. S. Mill. In Encycl. of rel. & ethics, vols. 5-8. [1915]. Political thought in England. The Utilitarians from Bentham to J. S. Mill. Lond. 8vo. Pp. 256. 2nd impr. 1929. 1920. Scottish philosophy. In Encycl. of rel. & ethics, vol. 11. 1921. Recent theistic discussion. Croall Lectures. Edin. xi, 240. ’1933. A memorial of W. L. Davidson . . . Presentation of bronze portrait to the Univ. of Aberdeen. [Aberd.]. Pp. 16. DEWAR, DANIEL. 1817-9 Prof, of Moral Philos., King’s Coll., Aberdeen. 1819 Minister of Tron Church, Glasgow. 1832 Principal of Marischal Coll., Aberdeen. Dates of birth and death cannot be traced.

1826. Elements of moral philosophy and of Christian ethics. 2 vols. 8vo. vii, 502 ; vii, 598.





DICK, THOMAS. Educ. Edin. Univ.


Teacher at Methven and at Perth.



*1823. The Christian philosopher; or, the connection of science and philosophy with religion. *1825, 2nd ed. ; 1842, 8th, Glasgow, pp. 656 ; [1846?], new ed., Glasg., 2 vols., with preface to 10th ed. dated 1846. *1828. The philosophy of a future state. Glasg. i2mo. 1831, N.Y. ; 1833, 2nd ed., Glasg. ; 1837, 3rd, Glasg. [1847?]. The philosophy of religion ; or, an illustration of the moral laws of the universe. Glasg. 8vo. Pp. 384.

DOUGLAS, JAMES (OF CAVERS). 1825. The advancement of society in knowledge and religion. Edin. 8vo. Pp. 383. 1828, 2nd ed., Edin., 8vo ; 1836, 4th, Edin., sm. 8vo. 1839. On philosophy of mind. Edin. 8vo. iv, 387. Rev. in Edin. Review, vol. 70 (1840), pp. 362-91.




The philosophical works of.. . 1765. Includes all the following.


Sm. 8vo.

Pp. 290.

1732. The state of the moral world consider’d ; or, a vindication of Providence in the government of the moral world . . . By W.D. Edin. 8vo. Pp. 34. 1737- Several letters to the Revd. Mr. Jackson, from William Dudgeon . . . With Mr. Jackson’s answers to them. Con¬ cerning the immensity and unity of God . . . Lond. 8vo. Pp. 80. 1737. Some additional letters to . . .Jackson . . . With Mr. Jackson’s answers to them . . . Lond. 8vo. Pp. 54. *1739* A view of the necessitarian or best scheme, freed from the


I 21

objections of M. Crousaz, in his examination of Pope’s Essay on Man. Lond. 8vo. Pp. 25. 1732. Anon. Some reflections on a late pamphlet, called, The state of the moral world considered. Edin. 8vo. Pp. 51. 1734. Anon. A letter to the author of The state . . . considered . . . Lond. 8vo. Pp. 94. This is repr. in Dudgeon’s Philos, works. DUNBAR, JAMES,

d. 1798.

1766-94 Prof, of Philos., King’s College, Aberdeen. James Mackintosh. D.N.B.

Among his pupils was Sir

1780. Essays on the history of mankind in rude and cultivated ages. Lond. 8vo. [xii], 436. Rev. by [Wm. Rose] in Monthly Review, vol. 63 (1780), pp. 443-8.

1781, 2nd ed. “ with additions ”, Lond., 8vo, [xii], 456. DUNCAN,


Educ. Marischal Coll., Aberdeen. Philosophy there. D.N.B. Thomson.


1753-60 Prof, of Natural and Experimental

1748. The elements of logick. Infourbooks. Lond. i2mo. ^,363. Had already appeared in Robert Dodsley’s The Preceptor (Lond., same year), vol. 2, pp. 1-192. Lond. editions 1752, 3rd ; 1759,4th; 1764,5th; 1770, 6th ; 1776, 7th ; 1800, 9th. Edin. editions 1780, 8th ; 1807 ; 1815 ; 1819. All i2mo. FERGUSON, ADAM.


Educ. St. Andrews and Edin. c. 1744-54 Chaplain to the Black Watch Regt. 1757 succeeded Hume as Librarian to the Faculty of Advocates, Edin. i759"^4 Prof, of Natural Philos., Edin. 1764-85 Prof, of Moral Philos., Edin. 1785 retired with Professorship of Maths., Edin., for its emoluments only. D.N.B. Thomson.

[c. 1760]. Of natural philosophy. [Edin.] i2mo. Pp. 36. Anon. Notes for his students. 1766. Analysis of pneumatics and moral philosophy. For the use of students in the College of Edinburgh. Edin. i2mo. Pp. 55. Anon.




1767. An essay on the history of civil society. Edin. 4to. vii, 430. Rev. by [Wm. Rose] in Monthly Review, Lond., vol. 36 (1767), pp. 220-4, 341-52. Hume received the work in MS. through Blair in 1766 and thought poorly of it (see Greig, Letters of Hume, 1932, vol. 2, pp. nf., 133). 1767, Dublin, 8vo ; 1768, 2nd ed., Lond., 4to ; 1768, 3rd, Lond., 8vo ; 1773, 4th, Lond., 8vo ; 1782, 5th, Lond., 8vo ; 1789, Basle, “new ed.” 8vo ; 1793, 6th, Lond., 8vo ; 1814, 7th, Edin., 8vo. Trans.—1768, Versuch iiber die Geschichte der burgerlichen Gesellschaft, Leipzig ; 1783, Essai sur l’histoire de la societe civile . . . trad, de l’anglois par M. Bergier, Paris, 2 vols., i2mo (advert, says printed 5 years earlier) ; 1904, Abhandlung iiber die Gesch. d. biirg. Gesellsch., iibertr. von V. Dorn, und eingeleitet von H. Waentig. Jena. 1769. Institutes of moral philosophy. For the use of students in the College of Edinburgh. Edin. i2mo. xvi, 319. 1773, 2nd ed., Edin., i2mo ; 1785, 3rd, Edin., i2mo ; *1789, Basle; 1800, “new ed.”, Basle, 8vo ; *1815, Mainz ; 1828, Madras. Trans.—1772, Grundsatze der Moralphilosophie, iibers. u. mit einigen Anmerk. versehen von Chr. Garve, Leipzig (repr. *1787, Frankf. & Lpzg.) ; 1775, Institutions de philosophic morale [trans. by E. S. P. Reverdil], Geneva, i2mo. 1776. Remarks on a pamphlet lately published by Dr. Price, intitled, on the nature of civil and religious liberty. Lond. 8vo. Pp. 61. Anon. 1792. Principles of moral and political science ; being chiefly a retrospect of lectures delivered in the College of Edinburgh. Edin. 2 vols. 4to. xi, 339 ; vii, 512. Trans.—*1795, German trans. by Schreiber, Zurich ; *1821, Fr. trans., Paris, 2 vols. ; extracts in French in Bibliotheque britannique, Geneva, vol. 2 (1796), pp. 1-19, vol. 28 (1805), pp. 21-36, 145-65, and vol. 29 (1805), pp. r53-75- . Ferguson s only important non-philos. work is “ The history of the progress and termination of the Roman republic” (1783, Lond., 3 vols., 4-to), which passed through several editions and was almost immediately trans. into German and French. 1864. Small, John.

Biographical sketch of Adam Ferguson.





Pp. 67.

Repr. from Trans. Royal Scty. of Edin., vol.


1904. Kaneko, Umaji. Moralphilosophie Adam Fergusons. Diss. (Leipzig). Lucka. x, 68. 1907. Huth, H. Soziale und individualistische Auffassung im 18. Jahrhundert, vomehmlich bei Adam Smith und Adam Ferguson. Leipzig. 8vo. xv, 160. Expanded form of Diss. “ Die Bedeutung der Gesellschaft bei Smith und Ferguson,” 1906, Lpzg., iv. 87. 1930. Lehmann, W. G. Adam Ferguson and the beginnings of modem sociology. N.Y. 8vo. Pp. 268.



Educ. Edin. Univ. and Magdalen Coll., Oxford. 1832 Advocate. 1842-5 Prof, of Civil History, Edin. 1845-64 Prof, of Moral Philos., St. Andrews. Nephew and son-in-law of Prof. John Wilson (“ Christopher North ”) and nephew of Susan Ferrier the novelist. D.N.B. Thomson.

Philosophical works ... In three volumes. 1875. Edin. & Lond. 8 vo. Vol. 1, Institutes, 3rd ed. ; 2, Greek philos., 2nd ed. ; 3, Remains, 2nd ed. Vol. 2 repr. 1881 and 1888 ; vol. 3 repr. 1883. 1854. Institutes of metaphysic. The theory of knowing and being. Edin. & Lond. 8vo. xxiv, 530. 1856, 2nd ed., xxiv, 543 ; 1875, 3rd (in Philos, works) with supplem. papers, xxiv, 586. 1856. Scottish philosophy, the old and the new. A statement. Edin. & Lond. 8vo. Pp. 58. Defends his “ Institutes ”. 2nd ed. same year and place, pp. 59.

1866. Lectures on early Greek philosophy and other philosophical remains. Edin. & Lond. 2 vols. xliv, 5^ 5 vi, 575* Ed. by Sir Alex. Grant (his son-in-law) and E. L. Lushington, with a memoir by the latter in vol. 1. Contents of vol. 2 (“Remains”—almost all reprints) — Philos, of consciousness (Blackwood's Mag., vol. 43, 1838, 187-201, 437-52, 7S4-91, 44> 1838, 234-44, 539-52, 45, 1839, 201-11, 419-30) ; Crisis of modern speculation (ibid., 50,




1841, 527-36) ; Berkeley and idealism (ibid., 51, 1842, 812-36) ; Bailey’s reply to this (ibid., 53j *843, 762-76) , Speculation on the senses (ibid., 54, 1843, 650-7) ; Reid and the philos. of common sense (ibid., 62, 1847, 239-58) ; Miscellaneous lectures ; Biographies of Schelling and Hegel (Imper. diet, of univ. biogr., ed. by J. F. Waller, [1857-63]). Rev. with “ Institutes ” in Edin. Review, vol. 126 (1867),

pp. 71-94.

1875, 2nd ed., in Works. Besides the above he published—1832, Disp. jur . . . In jus vocati ut eant . . . (diss. as Advocate), Edin. ; 1848, Observations on church and state (anon, pamphlet), Edin. & Lond. ; 1858, Letter to . . . the Lord Advocate of Scotland, on the necessity of a change in the patronage of the Univ. of Edin., Edin., pp. 16 ; biographies of Schiller and Adam Smith (Lushington wrongly adds Swift) in Imper. diet, of univ. biogr. [1857-63] ; and literary articles in Blackwood's (Lushington mentions three but implies that there are more). He edited The works of Professor Wilson, 1855-8, Ed. & Lond., 12 vols. [1852]. Testimonials of J. F. Ferrier . . . now a candidate for the Chair of Moral Philosophy in the Univ. of Edin. [Edin.] Pp. 30 ; 22. [1856]. Testimonials . . . Chair of Logic and Metaphysics in the Univ. of Edin. [Edin.], vii, 54, 16, 8. [ 1866]. Catalogue of the library ofj. F. Ferrier. [Edin.] (Sale-cat.). 1866. Memoir by Lushington prefixed to vol. 1 of F.’s Lects. on Greek Philos. 1867. Anon. Ferrier. In Blackwood's Mag., vol. 101, pp. 280-300. 1868. See Fraser, A. C. [1899]. Haldane, E. S. J. F. Ferrier. Edin. & Lond. 8vo, pp. 158. 1856. Cairns, John. An examination of Professor Ferrier’s “Theory of knowing and being”. Edin. & Lond. Pp. 31. 2nd. ed. 1856, Edin. Against F.’s candidature for the Edin. chair, since his success “ would involve the summary and sweeping reversal of all that Hamilton counted worthy of adoption ”. *1856. Smith, J. An exam, of Cairns’ exam, of Ferrier . . . Edin. 1856. Cairns, J. The Scottish philosophy ; a vindication and reply [to Smith]. Pp. 26. 1856. See Fraser, A. C.



1856. Vera, Aug. An inquiry into speculative and experimental science, with special reference to . . . Ferrier’s recent publications. Lond. xv, 68. 1864. Deuchar, Robt. A brief review of anc. and mod. philos . . . with . . . refutations of. . . Ferrier . . . Edin. xxiv, 307. 1884. Tulloch, John. Professor Ferrier and the higher philosophy. Pp- 337'74 in his Modern theories in philosophy and religion, Edin. & Lond. 1903. See Knight.



Educ. Glasgow Univ. 1818 licensed to preach. 1832-9 Prof, of Oriental Languages, Glasgow. 1839 Prof, of Moral Philos., Glasgow.


Outlines of lectures, &c. No pi. 8vo. Pp. 128. On moral philos. and psychology. For the use of his students. 1854. A manual of moral philosophy, with quotations and refer¬ ences, for the use of students. Glasgow (Univ. Press). 8vo. viii, 245. Anon. With the author’s name i860, Glasg.: 1867, also 1871, Lond. 1857. The vocabulary of philosophy . . . Lond. & Glasg. 8vo. vi, 560. Appeared Dec. 1856. 1858, 2nd ed. For later editions see Calderwood, Hy., 1876.



Educ. Glasgow Univ. 1859 Minister of religion. Philos., St. Andrews. 1876-1903 Prof, of Divinity, Edin.

1864-76 Prof, of Moral


1874. The philosophy of history in Europe. Vol. 1. Edin. & Lond. xxii, 609. Has a 2nd title-page, “ The philosophy of history in France and Germany”. No more issued until 1893. Trans.—*1878. Philos, de l’histoire en France. Trad, par L. Carrau. Paris. 2 vols. 1877. Theism, being the Baird Lecture for 1876. Edin. & Lond. ix, 432.




1884. 1893.

1894. 1903.



1880, 3rd ed. ; 1883, 4th; 1886, 5th; 1889, 7th; 1891, 8th; 1895, 9th; 1902, 10th; 1905, nth; 1918, 13th : all Ed. & Lond. Anti-theistic theories, being the Baird Lecture for 1877. Edin. & Lond. xi, 555. 1880, 2nd ed. ; 1885, 3rd ; 1889, 4th ; 1899, 6th i 1906, 7th ; 1912, 8th ; 1917, 9th ; all Edin. & Lond. A part repr. as “Hindu pantheism”, 1897, Lond. & Madras, pp. 18. Chap. 5 trans. as “ Positivismen og den positivistiske Religion”, 1887, Copenhagen, pp. 29. Vico. Edin. & Lond. [vi], 232. Repr. 1901. History of the philosophy of history. Edin. & Lond. xxvii, 706. Has a 2nd title-page, “ Historical philosophy in France and French Belgium and Switzerland ”. Cp. 1874 above. Critical notice by J. B. Mullinger in Mind, N.S., vol. 3 (1894), 390-5. Socialism. Lond. viii, 9-512. 1908, 2nd ed., rev., Lond. Agnosticism. The Croall Lecture for 1887-8. Edin. & Lond. xvi, 602. Critical notice by S. H. Mellone in Mind, N.S., vol. 13 (1904), pp. 106-10. Philosophy as scientia scientiarum and a history of classifica¬ tions of the sciences. Edin. & Lond. x, 340. As early as 1878 Flint had contributed an article entitled “ Philos, as sc. sc.” to the Princeton Rev., N.Y., 54th year, Nov., pp. 697-716.

[1868]. Testimonials in favour of the Rev. Robert Flint, candidate for the professorship of Moral Philos, in the Univ. of Edin. Edin. Pp. 31. 1914. Macmillan, Donald. The life of Robert Flint. Lond. xii, 518. Portr. FORBES, DUNCAN (OF CULLODEN). Educ. Edin. & Leyden.



1737 Lord President of the court of Session.

The whole works of. . . Now first collected . . . No date (c. Edin. & Lond. 2 vols. 8vo. Portr.

D.N.B. 1750).



Contains only the three works listed below. The Brit. Museum has a copy with MS. notes by S. T. Coleridge. Repr. in 1 vol. 1755, Dublin, i2mo ; 1757, Dublin, i2mo ; 1788, Glasgow, i2mo ; 1809, 1810, 1816, Lond., all 8vo. The last three include a biographical sketch (in 1816 ed. it is by J. Bannatyne). Trans.—1769. Ouvrages de feu Mr. Forbes . . . Traduits . . . avec les notes, par le R. P. Houbigant. Lyon. 8vo. 1732. A letter to a bishop, concerning some important discoveries in philosophy and theology. Lond. 4to. Pp. 64. Anon. London editions—1732, 8vo (also pp. 64) ; 1735, 3rd, 4*o ; 1735. 4*h> 4to 5 I743> 2nd (sic), 4X0 ; 1747, 3rd (sic), 8vo, with 4th ed. of “ Some thoughts . . .” (below). Edin. editions—1736, 8vo ; 1743 with “ Some thoughts . . .” All anon. 1735. Some thoughts concerning religion, natural and revealed . . . Lond. 8vo. Pp. 107. Anon. London editions—1736, 2nd, 4to ; 1736, 4th, sm. 8vo ; 1743, 3rd (sic), 4to ; 1747, 4th, with “ A letter . . .” (above). Edin. editions—1743, i2mo, with “A letter . . .” ; 1750, sm. 8vo, with “ Reflexions . . .” (below). All except 1750 ed. are anon. 1750. Reflexions on the sources of incredulity with regard to religion. Edin. Sm. 8vo. iv, 119. Anon. 1750, Edin., sm. 8vo, pp. 123, name on t-p ; 1750, Dublin, i2mo, name on t-p. ; 1750, with “ Some thoughts ...” (above) ; 1750, 2nd ed., Edin., 8vo, [iv], 87, anon. ; 1750, 3rd, Lond., sm. 8vo ; 1752, Edin., 8vo, name on t-p. ; 1853 in vol. 1 of Theological tracts . . . ed. by John Brown, Edin. & Lond. Rev. by [John Ward] in Monthly Review, Lond., vol. 2 (I749"5°)> PP- 325-3°Trans.—*1768. Reflexions sur les causes de Pincredulite trad, par M. E[idous]. Paris. i2mo. 1748. Anon. Memoirs of the life of the late Right Honourable Duncan Forbes . . . Lond. 8vo. Pp. 741847. Burton, John Hill. Lives of Simon Lord Lovat, and Duncan Forbes. Lond. 8vo. Pp. 388. 1936. Menary, G. Life and letters of Duncan Forbes of Culloden. Lond. 8vo. xi, 419. Portr.






Educ. Marischal Coll., Aberdeen, and Professor of Moral Philos, there 1742-51. Minister of religion. D.N.B. Thomson.

1745-8. Dialogues concerning education. London (no publisher or printer). 2 vols. 8vo. iv, 435 ; [viii], 464. Anon. 2nd ed. same years and place, apparently the same sheets, anon. ; 3rd, 1757, Lond., name on t-p., apparently same sheets ; 1768, Glasgow, 2 vols., i2mo. 1748. Elements of moral philosophy. In Robert Dodsley’s The Preceptor, Lond. (2 vols.), vol. 2, pp. 241-379. Wrongly attributed by Jouffroy (Oeuvres de Thomas Reid, 1828-36, vol. 1) to Turnbull. Separately published, under Fordyce’s name, 1754, 1758 (3rd ed.), 1769 (4th)—all Lond., i2mo, pp. 312. Trans.—1756, Siemens de philosophic morale, traduits de l’anglois . . . par M. de Joncourt, The Hague. 1757, Des Herrn Fordyce, beriihmten Professors . . . Anfangsgrtinde der moralischen Weltweisheit, Zurich. FORSYTH, ROBERT. Advocate.

1805. The principles of moral science. Vol. I. Edin. 8vo. xi, 520. No more published. Rev. by [Jeffrey] in Edin. Review, vol. 7 (1806), pp. 413-36. FRASER, ALEXANDER CAMPBELL.


Educ. Edin. Univ. under Hamilton. 1844 Minister of religion. 1846-56 Prof, of Logic & Meta., Free Church Coll., Edin. 1856 same at Edin. Univ. ; retired 1891. D.N.B.

1847. Inaugural lecture ... at the opening of the class of logic and metaphysics in the New College . . . Edin. 8vo. Pp. 16. “ Repr. from Lowe’s Edin. Magazine.” 1851. Logic and metaphysics. In Inauguration of the New College of the Free Church, Edin¬ burgh : Nov. M.DCCC.L. With introductory lectures . . . Lond. & Edin. Pp. 161-87.



1856. Essays in philosophy. Edin. 8vo. vii, 368. “ Originally contributed to the North British Review . . . 1846-55 . . . Now . . . republished ... in support of the author’s application for the Chair of Logic and Meta, in the Univ. of Edin.” (preface). Contents—Leibniz. Hamilton and Reid. Scottish meta¬ physical theory of causation. Our ignorance of the infinite. Metaphysics of Augustinianism. Ferrier’s theory of knowing and being. The philosophical class-room in the 19th century. [1857-63]. Hutcheson. Kant. Leibniz. Locke. Malebranche. Norris. Price. Reid. Spinoza. Stewart. In Imperial diet, of universal biography, ed. by J. F. Waller, Lond., 3 vols. 1858. Rational philosophy in history and in system : an introduc¬ tion to a logical and metaphysical course. Edin. 8vo. xi, 143. i860. Province of logic and recent British logicians. Unsigned article in North British Review, Edin., vol. 33, pp. 401-27. 1862. The real world of Berkeley. Unsigned art. in Macmillan's Mag., Camb. & Lond., vol. 6, pp. 192-202. Fraser’s first study of Berkeley. This and the following art. of 1864 were acknowledged by Fraser in his 1901 ed. of Berkeley’s works, vol. 1, p.v. 1863. M. Saisset on Spinoza. Unsigned art. in North Brit. Rev., vol. 38, pp. 454-89. 1864. Berkeley’s theory of vision. Unsigned art. ibid., vol. 41, pp. 199-230. 1864. Archbishop Whateley and the restoration of the study of logic : a lecture. Lond. & Camb. 8vo. Pp. 40. 1865. Review of Mill’s Examination of Hamilton. Unsigned art. in North Brit. Rev., vol. 43, pp. 1-58. “ Attributed to Professor Fraser, and bearing the strongest internal marks of that origin ” (Mill, Exam, of Hamilton, 3rd ed., p. vii). 1868. The philosophical life of Professor Ferrier. In Macmillan’s Mag., vol. 17, pp. 193-205. 1868. Course of mental philosophy. Pp. 35-47 in Edinburgh Ladies' Educ. Asscn. Introductory lectures of the second session, 1868-g, Edin., 8vo.



1871. The works of George Berkeley . . . With preface, annotations, his life and letters, and an account of his philosophy. Oxford. 4 vols. La. 8vo. 1901, revised ed., Oxford, 4 vols., 8vo. Omits the fulllength biography and account of the system. For reviews, etc. see Jessop and Luce, Bibliography of G. Berkeley, 1934, Oxford. 1874. Selections from Berkeley. Ox. 8vo. 1879, 2nd ed. ; 1884, 3rd ; 1891, 4th ; 1899, 5th ; 1910, 6th. 1875. Biographical notice of J. S. Mill. In Proc. Royal Scty. of Edin., vol. 8, pp. 259-73. Read Feb. 1874. 1881. Berkeley. Edin. & Lond. i2mo. viii, 234. Repr. 1884, 1899, 1901. 1882. Locke. In Encycl. Brit., 9th ed., vol. 14 (repr. in nth ed., 1911). 1883. Berkeley. Locke. In Chambers's Encycl., Lond. 1887. Recent and prospective reform in the Faculty of Arts : address at the graduation ceremonial of the Univ. of Edinburgh. Edin. 8vo. Pp. 20. 1890. Locke. Edin. & Lond. i2mo. x, 299. Repr. 1901, 1905, 1913. 1890. Philosophical development. In Mind., O.S., vol. 15, pp. 1-21. 1894. An essay concerning human understanding. By John Locke. Collated and annotated, with prolegomena, biographical, critical, and historical. Oxford. 2 vols. La. 8vo. Critical notice by J. G. Gibson in Mind, N.S., vol. 3 (1894), pp. 536-43. 1895-6. The philosophy of theism. Edin. & Lond. 2 vols. 8vo. Gifford Lectures, Edin., 1894-6. 1899, 2nd ed. “ amended ”, Edin. & Lond., 1 vol. [1898]. Thomas Reid. Edin. & Lond. 8vo. Pp. 160. 1904. Biographia philosophica. A retrospect. Edin. & Lond. 8vo. xiv, 335. Portr. Critical notice by J. H. Stirling in Mind, N.S., vol. 14 (l9°5), PP- 85-92. 1905, 2nd ed., ibid. !9°4. John Locke as a factor in modern thought. In Proc. Brit. Acad., vol. 1, pp. 525-38.


[I9°5]- Berkeley. Locke. In Harmsworth Encycl., Lond. Unsigned. 1907. Our final venture. In Hibbert Journal, vol. 5, pp. 241-57. 1908. Berkeley and spiritual realism. Lond. i2mo. xi, 86. Fraser’s only other writing is a preface (v-xix) in Reminiscences of Yarrow by James Russell, 1887, Edin. & Lond. 1856. Testimonials in behalf of Professor Fraser’s application for the Chair of Logic and Meta, in the Univ. of Edinburgh. Edin. 8vo. Four parts. Pp. 124. 1856. Anon. The diverting history of John Cairns. A lay of the Logic chair. Edin. i2mo. Pp. 16. A squib in verse on F.’s candidature. 1909. Kellie, John. A. C. Fraser. A sketch of his life and philo¬ sophical position. Diss. (Erlangen). Edin. Pp. 80. 1914. Pringle-Pattison, A. S. A. C. Fraser. In Proc. Brit. Acad., vol. 6, pp. 221-35. 1915. Same. A. C. Fraser. In Mind, N.S., vol. 24, pp. 289-325.



Educ. Marischal Coll., Aberdeen. 1751 Prof, of Moral Philos, there ; 1760-71 of Divinity; 1771 on, of Divinity at King’s Coll., Aberdeen. D.N.B. Thomson.

1755. Plan of education in the Marischal College and University of Aberdeen, with the reasons of it. Drawn up by order of the Faculty. Aberd. Sm. 8vo. Pp. 35. Attrib. to Gerard on verso of t-p. Rrans.—1770. Gedanken von der Ordnung der philosophischen Wissenschaften, nebst dem Plan des Unterrichts in dem Marschallscollegio . . . Riga. 1759. An essay on taste. With three dissertations on the same subject, by Voltaire, D’Alembert, and Montesquieu. Lond. 8vo. iv, 314. Seen through the press by Hume (see J. Nichols, Literary anecdotes of the 18th cent., vol. 2, p. 326 n.). The essay had been awarded a prize by the Select Scty. of Edin., Hume and Adam Smith being among the adjudicators. Rev. by [Wm. Rose] in Monthly Review, Lond., vol. 20 (i759)» PP- 533-45-




1764, 2nd ed. “ with corrections and additions ”, Edin., i2mo ; 1780, 3rd, “ To which is now added part fourth, of the standard of taste ; with observations concerning the imitative nature of poetry”, Edin., i2mo (omits the diss. by Voltaire, &c.) ; *1804, Philad. Trans.—1766, Essai sur le gout . . . trad . . . par M. E*** [Marc-Antoine Eidous], Paris & Dijon—with a lengthy imprimatur; 1766, Versuch iiber den Geschmack, Breslau & Lpzg. 1760. The influence of the pastoral office on the character exam¬ ined ; with a view, especially, to Mr. Hume’s representa¬ tion of the spirit of that office. A sermon . . . Aberdeen. 8vo. Pp. 75. Also 1761, Lond., i2mo, pp. 111 ; 1762, 2nd ed., Lond., i2mo, pp. 118. Rev. by [Wm. Rose] in Monthly Review, vol. 24 (1761), pp. 22f. 1774. An essay on genius. London. 8vo. vii, 434. Rev. by [Wm. Enfield] in Monthly Review, vol. 52 (1775), pp. 1-9.

Trans.—*1776, in German, by Garve, Leipzig. 1828. A compendious view of the evidences of natural and revealed religion ... By Alexander and Gilbert Gerard. London. 8vo. Pp. 335. Gilbert continued Alexander’s unfinished work. The book was edited by W. Gerard. GIFFORD, ADAM (LORD GIFFORD). 1870 Lord of Session with title Lord Gifford. ships in Natural Theology (see p. 185). D.N.B.


Founder of the Gifford Lecture¬

[1889]. Lectures delivered on various occasions. No place (pr. at Frankfurt-am-Main). i2mo. [vi], 276. Privately printed for his friends ; ed. by Alice Raleigh and H. J. Gifford. Contents—Emerson ; attention as instrument of self-culture ; St. Bernard of Clairvaux ; substance ; educational function of jurisprudence ; the ten avatars of Vishnu ; the two fountains of jurisprudence. [1891 ]. [Gifford, John]. Recollections of a brother. [Edin.]. Privately pr. i2mo. Pp. 53.

Adam Gifford. Portr.


GREGORY, JAMES. Educ. Edin. & Oxford.



Son of John




1776 Prof, of Physic



1792. Philosophical and literary essays. Edin. & Lond. 2 vols. 8vo. cccxxxi ; xv, 704. Vol. 1 wholly occupied by an Introduction ; 2 by “ Essay on the difference between the relation of motion and action, and that of cause and effect, in physics ”. *1793. Select parts of the introduction to Dr. Gregory’s philos. and lit. essays ; methodically arranged, and illus¬ trated with remarks by an annotator. Lond. 8vo. 1805. See Gregory, John, Observations, 1770. 1819. Letters from Dr. James Gregory ... in defence of his essay on the difference of the relation between motive and action and that of cause and effect in physics : with replies by the Rev. Alex. Crombie. Lond. 8vo. xi, 427. According to Hamilton’s Works of Thos. Reid, p. 87, Gregory printed a 512-page answer to Crombie, Priestley and others, but did not publish it. Hamilton, in the same Works, prints a number of letters from Reid to Gregory. 1795. [Allen, John]. Illustrations of Hume’s essay concerning liberty and necessity ; in answer to Dr. Gregory of Edin¬ burgh. By a necessitarian. Lond. 8vo. Pp. 44. On G.’s “ Philos, and lit. essays.” 1807. See Brown, T. 1901. Stewart, Agnes G. The academic Gregories (ch. 9). Edin. & Lond. GREGORY, JOHN.


Educ. King’s Coll. (Aberdeen), Edin. Univ. and Leyden. 1746-9 Prof, of Philos., King’s Coll., Aberdeen; 1755-64 Prof, of Medicine, Aberdeen; 1766-73 Prof, of Physic, Edin. Cousin of Reid. Father of James Gregory. D.N.B. Thomson.


1788. Edin. 4 vols. Sm. 8vo. Rev. by [John Rotheram] in Monthly Review, vol. 81 (i789)> PP- i62'5-

1765. A comparative view of the state and faculties of man, with those of the animal world. London. Sm. 8vo. iv, 203, [5]. Anon.




1766, 2nd ed., anon. ; 1766, 3rd, anon. ; 1767, 4th, anon.; 1774, 6th, 2 vols. ; 1777,7th; 1785; 1798. All Lond. Rev. by [Wm. Rose] in Monthly Review, vol. 33 (1765), pp. 35614. & 35 (1766), 221-5. 1770. Observations on the duties and offices of a physician ; and on the method of prosecuting enquiries in philosophy. London. 8vo. viii, 182. Anon. Appeared in 1769, for it was reviewed by [Wm. Rose] in Monthly Review, vol. 41 (1769), pp. 401-412. 1772, new ed., corr. & enl., Lond., [iv], 238 ; 1805, rev. & corr. by James Gregory, Edin., portr. ; 1820, new ed., Lond. These bear author’s name. 1788. Anon. [? Tytler, A. F., Lord Woodhouselee]. Account of the life and writings. In vol. 1 of Gregory’s Works. 1800. Smellie, W. Literary and characteristic lives of John Gregory . . . Edin. 1901. Stewart, Agnes G. The academic Gregories (chap. 8). Edin. & Lond.



Succeeded to title (9th baronet) 1816. Educ. Glasgow and Balliol Coll., Oxford. 1813 Advocate. 1821 Professor of Civil History, Edin. 1836-56, Prof, of Logic & Metaphysics, Edin. D.N.B. Thomson.

1813. Disput. juridica . . . de actione rerum amotarum . . . Edin. 4to. Pp. 14. Dissertation as advocate. *1820. On the election of a principal librarian : to the Faculty of Advocates. Edin. 8vo. 1828. Correspondence relative to phrenology, between Sir Wm. Hamilton, Bart., Dr. Spurzheim, and Mr. George Combe, in Jan., Feb., and March, 1828. Edin. & Lond. 8vo.

Pp. 69.

Perhaps publ. by Hamilton. For further evidence of his interest in phrenology (and cerebral physiology) see his Lects. on Meta., vol. 1, append, ii, which includes the following previously published items :— Experiments on the weight and relative proportions of the



brain—prefixed to Alex. Monro’s * Anatomy of the brain, 1831, Edin. On the size of the brain—in *Edin. new philos. journal, vol. 48 (1850), p. 330. On the frontal sinuses—in * Medical times, vol. 12 (1845), PP- !5.9> W7> 3711831. The legality of the present academical system of the Univ. of Oxford asserted against the new calumnies of the Edin¬ burgh Review. By a member of Convocation. Oxford. 8vo. vii, 147. Cp. two pamphlets by Thos. Vaughan with almost the same title : The legality . . . Oxford asserted October 1831, against . . . Review. Part I, Ox., 2nd ed., 1853, vn, J47> and The legality . . . re-asserted March 1832 . . . Part II, Ox., 2nd ed., 1853, iv, 80. [1836]. To the Right Hon. the Lord Provost, magistrates, and Town Council, patrons of the Univ. of Edinburgh. Edin. 4to. Pp. 7. On application for the Chair of Logic. 1838. Letter to the Right Hon. the Lord Provost of Edinburgh on the election of a Professor of Mathematics ; comprising observations on the value of mathematical science as an object of liberal study. Edin. 8vo. Pp. 34. Cp. his essay on the study of maths, in his “ Discussions ”. 1839. A correspondence relative to certain proceedings of the Town Council of Edinburgh, affecting the philosophical pro¬ fessors of the University, and in particular the professor of logic and metaphysics. Edin. 8vo. Pp. 41. Anon. 1843. Be not schismatics ... A demonstration, that “ the principle of non-intrusion ” . . .is subversive of the fundamental principles of. . . presbyterian church establishment. Edin. 8vo. Pp. 54. 2nd and 3rd editions same year and place. Cp. Wm. Cunningham’s Three letters on . . . Hamilton’s pamphlet, entitled “ Be not schismatics ”, [1843], Edin., pp. 22, included in same author’s Animadversions upon . . . Hamilton’s pamphlet . . ., 1843, Edin., pp. 78. 1846. See Reid, Works. 1846. Preparing for publication by Sir Wm. Hamilton. [Edin.] Pp. 6. A pamphlet so headed but without t-p. Dated Nov. 1846. Gives notes of two projected writings—“ Essay




towards a new analytic of logical forms ” and “ Contribu¬ tions towards a true history of Luther and the Lutherans 1847. A letter to Augustus De Morgan, Esq. ... on his claim to an independent re-discovery of a new principle in the theory of syllogism . . . Subjoined, the whole previous corres¬ pondence, and a postscript in answer to Professor De Morgan’s “ Statement ”. Lond. & Edin. 8vo. Pp. 44. Rev. in Atheruzum, no. 1022, May 29, 1847. Reply to De M.’s Statement in answer to an assertion made by Sir Wm. Hamilton, 1847, which is reviewed in Athenceum, no. 1019, May 8, 1847. See same periodical nos. 1022, 1023, 1027 for letters between the two ; and nos. 1208, 1214, 1217, 1218 (this only by H.) and 1292 for correspondence on the doctrine of the quantification of the predicate. 1852. Discussions on philosophy and literature, education and university reform. Chiefly from the Edinburgh Review; corrected, vindicated, enlarged, in notes and appendices. Lond. 8vo. x, 758. The articles from the Edin. Rev. range from 1829 to 1839 and appeared anon. Rev. in Brit. Quart. Rev., Lond., vol. 16 (1852), pp. 479-5H, and in North Brit. Rev., vol. 18 (1853), pp. 35192. 1853, N.Y., with intro, essay by Robt. Turnbull ; 1853, 2nd ed. enl., Lond., xii, 852 ; 1866, 3rd, Edin. & Lond., xiv, 846. Translations— 1836. Ueber den Werth und Unwerth der Mathematik als Mittel der hoheren geistigen Ausbildung. Cassel. Made from the original article of 1836 ; the trans¬ lator did not know who the author was. 1840. Fragments de philosophic . . . Trad . . . par L. Peisse, avec une preface, des notes, et un appendice du traducteur. Paris, cxxxix, 390. Three articles from the Ed. Rev. (nos. 1,2 & 4 in the Discussions) and extracts from T. Brown. Rev. by F. Ravaisson in Revue des deux mondes, vol. 24 (1840), pp. 396-427. 1844. Frammenti di filosofia . . . Tradotti . . . da L. lo Gatto. Naples. Trans, from the above French version. 1853. See Reid under 1785. 1854-8. See Stewart, Works.



1859-60. Lectures on metaphysics and logic. Ed. by H. L. Mansel and John Veitch. Edin. & Lond. (also * Boston, Mass.). 4 vols. 8vo. Rev. in North Brit. Rev., vol. 30 (1859), pp. 532-61 (vols. 1 & 2 only) ; and in Westminster Rev., N.S., vol. 23 (1862), pp. 83-111. Vols. 1 & 2 (Metaphysics)—1861, 2nd ed. ; 1865, 3rd ; 1869, 4th ; 1870, 5th ; 1877, 6th ; 1882, 7th. Vols. 3 & 4 (Logic)—1866, 2nd ed. ; 1874, 3rd. 1861. The metaphysics of Sir Wm. Hamilton, collected, r arranged, and abridged ... by Francis Bowen. Cambridge (Mass.), viii, 563. Repr. 1870 and 1879, Boston. 1866. The logic of Sir Wm. Hamilton . . . reduced and prepared for use in colleges and schools. By Hy. N. Day. Cincinnati. Pp. 280. 1880. An analysis of Sir Wm. Hamilton’s lectures on metaphysics with dissertations and copious notes by W. C. Fink. Calcutta, iii, 123, xxxv. [1820]. Testimonials in favour of Sir Wm. Hamilton. [Edin.] 8vo. Pp. 52. On candidature for Chair of Moral Philos., Edinburgh. [1836]. Testimonials in support of Sir Wm. Hamilton’s application for the Chair of Logic and Metaphysics, vacant in the Univ. of Edinburgh. [Edin.]. 8vo. Pp. 59. 1856. Obituary notice. In Gentleman's Mag., Lond., N.S., vol. 45, pp. 641-3.

1869. See Veitch, Memoir. 1880. Hamilton, E. Sir Wm. Hamilton. In Encycl. Brit., 9th ed., vol. 11, pp. 416-20. ,1881. Monck, W. H. S. Sir Wm. Hamilton. Lond. vi, 192. 1882. See Veitch, Hamilton. 1883. See Veitch, Sir Wm. Hamilton. 1903. See Knight. 1850. Ingleby, C. M. Remarks on some of Sir Wm. Hamilton s notes on the works of Dr. Thomas Reid, in reply to M. Jobert’s second essay on ideas. Lond. 8vo. Pp. 16. 1852. De Quincey, Thos. Sir Wm. Hamilton, with a glance at his logical reforms. In Hogg's Instructor, Edin., vol. 9, pp.

273-7, 291-5.




1853. [Martineau, Jas.] Sir W. Hamilton’s philosophy. In Prospective Rev., Lond., vol. 9, pp. 340-84 (repr. in M. s Essays, reviews and addresses, 1891, vol. 3, pp. 439-88). *1853. Wight, O. W. Philosophy of Sir Wm. Hamilton ; arranged and edited. N.Y. Pp. 530. 1854, 2nd ed., N.Y. ; 1857, 4th, N.Y. 1854. See Calderwood. 1855. Ulrici, H. Englische Philosophic : Sir Wm. Hamilton. In Zeitschr.f. Philos, undphilos. Kritik, N.F., vol. 27, pp. 59-97. 1856. Remusat, C. de. L’Lcosse depuis la fin du 17c siecle et la philosophic de Hamilton. In Revue des deux mondes, vol. 2 (2e periode), pp. 465-507. 1857. See Baynes. i860. Remusat, C. de. Sir W. Hamilton. In Rev. des deux mondes, vol. 26 (2e periode), pp. 133-60. 1860. Young, John. The province of reason : a criticism of the Bampton Lecture on “ The limits of religious thought Lond. Pp. 320. “ Attempts to examine the philosophies of Oxford and Edinburgh” (preface). Mansel’s B. Lecture was publ. in 1858. 1861. “ Timologus ” [Bolton, M. P. W.]. Examination of the principles of the Scoto-Oxonian philosophy. Lond., pp. 32, 36. 1861, revised ed., Lond., pp. 32, 36, author’s name on t-p. ; 1869, ditto. 1862. Bolton, M. P. W. Reply to a critique in the Saturday Review on the Scoto-Oxonian philosophy. Lond. Pp. 22. 1863. Same. Letter to T. C. Simon . . . concerning . . . Hamilton and Mansel. Lond. Pp. 65. 1864. Deuchar, R. A brief review of ancient and modern philo¬ sophy . . . together with . . . refutations of Hamilton, Ferrier . . . Edin. xxiv, 307. 1865. Jones, Jesse H. Know the truth ; a critique on the Hamil¬ tonian theory of limitation . . . N.Y. ix, 225. 1865. Mill, J. S. An examination of Sir Wm. Hamilton’s philo¬ sophy. Lond. viii, 560. Several editions ; those later than the 3rd seem to be reprints of the 3rd (1867). Reviews—Dublin Rev., N.S., v (1865), 474-504 by R.E.G. ; North Brit. Rev., xliii (1865), 1-58, ? by Fraser ; Fortnightly Rev., i (1865), 531-50 by H. Spencer ; Westminster Rev., N.S., xxix (1866), 1-39 by [G. Grote], repr. as a pamphlet



1868, Lond., and in his Minor works, 1873 5 Edin. Rev., cxxiv (1866), 120-50 ; London Quart. Rev., xxv (1866), 410-57 ; Brit. & Forn. Evangel. Rev., xv (1866), 396-412 by Calderwood ; North Amer. Rev., ciii (1866), 250-60 ; Dublin Rev., N.S., xvii (1871), 285-318 by [W. G. Ward]. French trans. by Cazelles rev. by Paul Janet in Revue des deux mondes, lxxxiii (1869), 945-72. See also : 1865. Deuchar, R. Review of “ An exam, of Hamiltonian philosophy ” by J. S. Mill . . . 2nd ed. Edin. & Lond. iv, 135. 1865. Masson, D. Recent British philosophy . . . inch comments on Mill’s answer to Hamilton. Lond. & Camb. viii, 414. 1867, 2nd ed. ; 1877, 3rd : both Lond. 1866. See M’Cosh. 1866. “ Inquirer.” The battle of the two philosophies. Lond. Pp. 88. 1866. “ Retired constructor.” Odd bricks, from a tumbledown private building. Lond. iv, 276. 1866. [Mansel, H. L.] The philosophy of the conditioned : Sir Wm. Hamilton and J. S. Mill. In Contemp. Rev., i, 31-49? 185-219- Repr. in book-form same year, Lond. & N.Y., vii, 189. See further his “ Supplementary remarks on Mr. Mill’s criticism of Sir Wm. Hamilton” in Cont. Rev., vi (1867), 18-31. 1866. [Bolton, M. P. W.] Remarks on certain replies attempted by Mansel. Lond. Pp. 69-94. Also 1869. Bound with his Examination, 1861 above. 1866-7. [Simon, T. Collyns.] Hamilton versus Mill. A thorough discussion of each chapter in Mr. J. S. Mill’s Examination . . . Edin. 2 parts. 1-100 ; 101-224. *1878. Edwards, Thos. Notes on Mill’s Examination of Hamilton. Calcutta. 1865. Stirling, J. H. Sir Wm. Hamilton : being the philosophy of perception. An analysis. Lond. viii, 124. 1866. Same. Was Sir Wm. Hamilton a Berkeleian ? In Fort¬ nightly Rev., vol. 6, pp. 218-28. 1866. Bolton, Ah. P. W. Inquisitio philosophica. An examination of the principles of Kant and Hamilton. Lond. iv, 270.




1870. M’Laren, C. B. B. University essays in metaphysics, moral philosophy, and English composition. Edin. (privately pr.). Essay I. 1870. Murray, J. C. Outline of Sir Wm. Hamilton’s philosophy . . . Boston (Mass.), xxiv, 9-257. Repr. 1871, Boston. 1873. See Baynes. 1873. Jevons, W. S. Who discovered the quantification of the predicate ? In Contemp. Review, vol. 21, pp. 821-4. On the article by Baynes. 1880. Latimer, James F. Immediate perception as held by Reid and Hamilton, considered as a refutation of the scepticism of Hume. Diss. Leipzig. [1890]. Bourdillat, F. La reforme logique de Hamilton. Paris, xx, 81. 1907. Renauld-Kellenbach, Emilie von. Hamilton und die neueste Psychologie. Diss. Erlangen. Pp. 89. 1908. Kazansky, A. P. Filosofya u Gamiltona. Odessa. Pp. 128. 1911. Nauen, Franz. Die Erkenntnislehre William Hamiltons. Diss. Strassburg. Pp. 113. 1921. Rasmussen, S. V. Studier over William Hamiltons Filosofi. Diss. Copenhagen. Pp. 197. Also in English, “ The philosophy of Sir Wm. Hamilton ”, 1926, Copenh. & Lond., pp. 176, with preface by W. R. Sorley.

HOME, HENRY (LORD KAMES). 1723 Advocate.




1752 Judge of the Court of Session with the title Lord Karnes.

1751. Essays on the principles of morality and natural religion. In two parts. Edin. 8vo. Pp. 394. Anon. Against Hume, who refers to them in a letter to Ramsay, June 22, 1751 (in Greig, Letters of Hume, vol. 1, p. 162). Rev. by [Wm. Rose] in Monthly Review, Lond., vol. 5

(1751)» PP- 129-55-

x758> 2nd ed. “ with alterations and additions ”, Lond., i2mo, anon. Rev. by [Benj. Dawson] in Monthly Rev., vol.

18 (j758)> PP- 599-6oi.

r779> 3rd> Edin., 8vo, anon., but preface to this ed. is fully signed.






1897, extract in Selby-Bigge’s British moralists, Oxford, vol. 2. Trans.—1768, Versuch iiber die ersten Griinde der Sittlichkeit . . . ubers. u. mit Anmerk. begleitet von C. G. Rautenberg, Brunswick, 2 vols. Objections against the essays on morality and natural religion examined. Edin. 8vo. Pp. 64. Anon. Introduction to the art of thinking. Edin. i2mo. xi, 202. Anon. 1764, 2nd ed. “with additional maxims and illustra¬ tions”; *1775, 3rd ; 1789,4th; 1810, 5th, “ to which is prefixed an original life of the author ” : all Edin., i2mo. 1819, Glasgow. Elements of criticism. Edin. 3 vols. 8vo. x, 417 ; 463 ; 406, [41]. Anon. Rev. by [Owen Ruffhead] in Monthly Rev., vol. 26 (1762), pp. 413-28 and vol. 27 (1763), pp. 13-24, 105-17. 1763, 2nd ed., 3 vols. ; 1765, 3rd ; 1769, 4th ; 1774, 5th ; 1785, 6th ; 1788, 7th ; 1807, 8th ; 1817, 9th : all Edin., 8vo, and all except 2nd ed. are in 2 vols. Also 1795, Basle, 3 vols., 8vo ; 1796, Boston, 2 vols., 8vo ; 1805, Lond., 2 vols., 8vo ; *1819, N.Y. ; 1839, nth ed., Lond., 1 vol., 8vo ; 1865, ed. by J. R. Boyd, N.Y., 1 vol., 8vo. Abridgements—1823, by A. Jamieson, Lond. ; 1833 (3rd ed.), by J. Frost (based on Jamieson’s), Philadelphia. Trans.—1763-6, Grundsatze der Critik [trans. by J. N. Meinhard], Leipzig, 3 vols. ; 1772, same corr. from the 4th Engl, ed., Lpzg., 2 vols. (repr. 1775, Frankfort & Lpzg., 2 vols.). Sketches of the history of man. Edin. 2 vols. 4to. xii, 519 ; 507. Anon. Rev. by [Wm. Rose] in Monthly Rev., vol. 50 (1774), pp. 436-48. 1774-5, Dublin, 4 vols., i2mo, H.’s name on t-p. ; 1776, Philadelphia, 1 vol. (part of bk. I) ; 1779, Dublin, 3rd ed., 2 vols., 8vo ; 1788, Edin., 4 vols., 8vo ; 1796, Basle, 4 vols., 8vo ; 1802, Glasg., 4 vols., i2mo ; 1807, Edin., 3 vols., 8vo ; 1813, Edin., 3 vols., 8vo ; 1819, Glasg., 3 vols., i2mo. 1789, Curious thoughts on the history of man : chiefly abridged or selected from . . . Lord Raimes, Lord Monboddo . . . by John Adams, Lond., i2mo.




Trans.—1774-5. Versuche Menschen. Lpzg. 2 vols.





1791. Boswell, James. Life of Samuel Johnson. Lond. Passim. See index s.v. Karnes in vol. 6 of G. B. Hill’s edition (1887). 1800. Smellie, Wm. Literary and characteristical lives of John Gregory, Henry Home . . . Edin. 8vo. ix, 450. 1807. Tytler, A. F. (Lord Woodhouselee). Memoirs of the life and writings of the Hon. Henry Home of Karnes . . . Edin. 2 vols. 4to. xvi, 329, 105 ; xi, 253, 163. 1809, Supplement to the memoirs... Edin. 4to. [vi], 62. 1814, 2nd ed. (of Memoirs). Edin. 3 vols. 8vo. 1888. Ramsay, John. Scotland and Scotsmen of the eighteenth century . . . Edin. & Lond. 2 vols. Vol. 1, ch. 3 on Home. 1751. “ Phileleutherus.” A letter to a friend upon occasion of a late book, intitled, Essays upon morality . . . Edin. 8vo. Pp. 70. 1753 and 1755. See Anderson, Geo. 1755. See Blair, H. 1758. Edwards, Jonathan. Remarks on the Essays, on the prin¬ ciples of morality . . . Edin. 8vo. Pp. 17. 1768, 3rd ed., Lond., 8vo. 1764. Anon. The procedure of the Associate Synod, in Mr. Pirie’s case, represented ; and his protest against their sentence vindicated . . . Edin. 8vo. Pp. 42. Alex. Pirie had been excommunicated for having recom¬ mended Home’s “ Essays on morality ” to his pupils. 1771. Elphinston, J. Animadversions upon Elements of criticism . . . With an appendix on Scoticism. Lond. 8vo. [iv], 122. 1788. Smith, Sami. Stanhope. An essay on the causes of the variety of complexion and figure in the human species. To which are added strictures on Lord Kame’s [jiV] dis¬ course on the original diversity of mankind. New ed. Edin. 8vo. Pp. 217. (Lects. in Philadelphia, 1787.) Also 1789* Lond., and 1810, New Brunswick. 1792. Doig, D. Two letters on the savage state addressed to the late Lord Kaims [.sic]. Lond. Sm. 8vo. xv, 157. (On H.’s Hist, of man.)



1893. Wohlgemuth, J. Henry Homes Aesthetik und ihr Einfluss auf deutsche Aesthetiker. Diss. (Rostock). Berlin. Pp. 77. 1894. Neumann, W. Die Bedeutung Homes fur die Aesthetik und sein Einfluss auf die deutschen Aesthetiker. Diss. Halle. Pp. 168. x895. Norden, J. Die Ethik Henry Homes. Diss. Halle. 8vo. Pp. 82. ' I9°5- Btihler, K. Studien fiber Henry Home. Diss. (Strasbourg). Bonn. Pp. 87. *1 9°9’ Bormann, W. Der Schotte Home ein Zeuge fur die Wissenschaft des Uebersinnlichen im 19. Jahrhundert. 2nd ed. 1911. Joseph, M. Die Psychologie Henry Homes. Diss. Halle. Pp. 74. HUTCHESON, FRANCIS.


Born in Northern Ireland of Scottish descent. Educ. Glasgow under Carmichael. 1719 licensed to preach but assumed no charge. c. 1720-30 conducted a private school in Dublin. 1730-46 Prof, of Moral Philcs., Glasgow. D.N.B.

*1725-6. Six articles in Dublin Journal. Three on laughter, criticizing Hobbes’s view as expounded in the Spectator, art. 47 ; dated June 5, 12, 19 and signed “ Philomeides ”. Three against the Fable of the Bees ; dated Feb. 4, 12, 19 (1726) and signed “ P.M.” All repr. in A collection of letters and essays lately published in the Dublin Journal [ed. by Hibernicus, i.e. James Arbuckle], 1729, Lond., 2 vols. ; 2nd ed., 1734, Lond., 2 vols., under title Hibernicus's letters. Also posthumously :— 1750. Reflections upon laughter, and remarks upon the Fable of the Bees . . . Carefully corrected. Glasg. i2mo. 1758. Thoughts on laughter, and observations on the Fable of the Bees. In six letters. Glasg. i2mo. 1772. Appended to “ Letters ” (see under 1728 below). 1725. An inquiry into the original of our ideas of beauty and virtue; in two treatises. In which the principles of the late Earl of Shaftesbury are explain’d and defended, against the author of the Fable of the Bees . . . with an attempt to introduce a mathematical calculation in subjects of morality. Lond. 8vo. xi, [iii], 276. Anon.




Rev. in Le Clerc’s Bibliotheque ancienne et moderne, Amster¬ dam, vol. 26 (1726), pp. 102-115. Although, as Cousin remarked (Philos ecossaise), the date of this work “ est presque celle de l’avenement de l’esthetique dans la philosophic europeenne ”, Hutcheson is not even mentioned in Bosanquet’s History of aesthetic. The Utilitarian formula occurs in essay II, sec. 3, para, viii—“ That action is best, which procures the greatest happiness for the greatest numbers ”. 1726, 2nd ed. “ corr. and enl.”, Lond., 8vo, xxvi, 304. Title omits words after “ two treatises ”. H.’s name absent from t-p. (similarly in next two editions) but the dedication now added, to Lord Carteret, is fully signed. 1726. Alterations and additions made in the second edition of the Inquiry ... By the author. [Lond.] 8vo. pP- 3°1729, 3rd ed. “ corr.”, Lond., 8vo, xxii, [ii], 304. 1738, 4th ed. “ corr.”, Lond., 8vo, xxii, 304, [7]. Posthumous—1753, 5th ed., Lond. ; 1772, Glasg. There is an extract in Selby-Bigge’s British Moralists, 1897, Oxford, vol. 1. Trans.—1749, Recherches sur l’origine des idees que nous avons de la beaute et de la vertue, Amsterdam, 2 vols. (“ Au dessous du mediocre ”, Cousin) ; 1762, Untersuchung unsrer Begriffe von Schonheit und Tugend, Frankf. & Leipzig (trans. by J. H. Merk). *1728. Letters in the London Journal. In the summer numbers. Signed “ Philanthropus ”. In a correspondence with Burnet, who signed himself “ Philaretus ”. Repr. in Letters betweeen the late Mr. Gilbert Burnet, and Mr. Hutchinson [sic], concerning the true foundation of virtue or moral goodness. Formerly published in the London Journal . . ., i735j Lond. and in Letters cone, the true . . . goodness, wrote in a correspondence between Mr. Gilbert Burnet, and Mr. Francis Hutcheson, 1772, Glasg. To the latter are appended H.’s six articles from the Dublin Journal (above, under 1725-6). 1728. An essay on the nature and conduct of the passions and affections. With illustrations on the moral sense. By the author of the Inquiry . . . Lond. 8vo. xxii, [ii], 333. *1728, Dublin, “ with the errors of the London edition emended”; *1730, 2nd ed., Lond.; 1742, 3rd, Lond.,







xx> tlvL 339Posthumous—*1751, Dublin; 1756, 4th ed., Lond. ; 1769, 3rd [jfe], Glasg. ; *1772. Trans.—*1760. Abhandlung liber die Natur und Beherrschung der Leidenschaften und Neigungen und liber das moralische Geflihl insonderheit. Leipzig. -^e naturali hominum socialitate oratio inauguralis. Glasg. 4to. iv, 24. Repr. 1756, Glasg., 8vo, pp. 39. Metaphysicae synopsis: ontologiam, et pneumatologiam, complectens. Glasg. i2mo. Pp. 89. Anon. In a letter of Oct. 29, 1743, H. speaks of this as “ a trifle which I don’t own, as it was first most imperfectly and foolishly printed without my knowledge, from some loose hastily wrote papefs ; and now, tho’ much enlarged and altered, yet I have not leisure, either to examine the whole thoroughly or to correct the Latin ”. 1744, Syn. meta., editio altera auctior, Glasg., i2mo, vii, 123, anon. The latter part of the above statement refers to this edition. Posthumous—1749, 3rd ed. ; 1756, 4th ; 1762, 5th ; 1774, 6th ; 1780, 7th : all Glasg., sm. 8vo, anon. Also *1772, Strasbourg. Philosophiae moralis institutio compendiaria, ethices & jurisprudentiae naturalis elementa continens. Lib. III. Glasg. i2mo. xii, 329. 1745, Rotterdam ; 1745, 2nd ed., “ auctior et emendatior ”, Glasgow, vi, 355, xi. Both sm. 8vo. Posthumous—1755, 3rd ed., Glasg. ; *1772, Strasbourg ; 1787, “ ed. altera ”, Dublin. Extract (Exercitatio de animi cultura, from bk. r, ch. 6) in Variorum opuscula ad cultiorem jurisprudentiam adsequendam pertinentia, 1769, Pisa, vol. 1, pp. 1-13. 1747. A short introduction to moral philosophy, in three books ; containing the elements of ethicks and the law of nature . . . Trans, from the Latin. Glasg. Sm. 8vo. [ii], iv, [xii], 347. Apparently the author’s own version. 1753, 2nd ed., Glasg. ; 1764, 3rd, Glasg., 2 vols. ; 1772, 4th, Glasg., 2 vols. A system of moral philosophy, in three books ; written by the late Francis Hutcheson . . . published from the original manuscript, by his son Francis Hutcheson, M.D. To which is prefixed some account of the life, writings, and character




of the author, by the Rev. Wm. Leechman. Glasgow & Lond. 4to. 2 vols. In a letter of Sept. 21, 1737, H. says he has been engaged on this work “ for several summers past ”. He never satisfied himself that it was ready for publication. Rev. by [Hugh Blair] in Edin. Review, no. 1 (1755), pp. 9-23 (2nd ed., 1818, Lond., pp. 8-20, where the review is attrib. to Blair), and by [Wm. Rose] in Monthly Review, Lond., vol. 13 (1755), pp. 61-77, 100-112, 161-79. Trans.—1756, Sittenlehre der Vernunft, Leipzig, 2 vols., 8vo ; 1770, Systeme de philos. morale, trad, par M. E*** [Eidous], Lyon, 2 vols., i2mo. 1759. Logicae compendium. Praefixa est dissertatio de philosophiae origine, ejusque inventoribus aut excultoribus. Glasg. Sm. 8vo. Pp. 104. Anon. Repr. 1764, 1778, 1787, all Glasg., anon. Hutcheson’s only other publ. writings are (a) Considerations on patronages, 1735, Lond., 8vo, anon. Repr. 1774, Glasg. ; and, with first attribution to Hutcheson, 1770 in Tracts con¬ cerning patronage, by some eminent hands, Edin. (b) The meditations of M. Aurelius Antoninus, 1742, Glasg. (1749, 2nd ed. ; 1752, 3rd ; 1764, 4th—all Glasgow), of which H. trans. all except books I & II, which were done by Moor. 1755. Leechman, W. Life. Prefixed to H.’s “ System of moral philosophy ”. 1900. Scott, W. R. Francis Hutcheson. His life, teaching and position in the history of philosophy. Camb. xx, 296. [c.1727]. Clarke, John. Foundations of morality in theory and practice considered . . . York. 8vo. Pp. 112. 1728. [Balguy, John]. The foundation of moral goodness. Lond. 8vo. Pp. 68. Also his “ Second part of the foundation . . .”, 1729, Lond., 8vo, pp. 102, anon. Both parts repr. in his “ Collection of tracts moral and theological ”, 1734, Lond. 1733. See Campbell, Archibald, under 1728. 1738. Vindication of Mr. Hutcheson from the calumnious aspersions of a late pamphlet. By several of his scholars. [Glasgow]. 8vo. Pp. 20. 1748. See Reid. 1755. See Blair.



X75^- Price, Rd. Review of the principal questions and difficulties in morals. Lond. 8vo. viii, 486. 2nd ed., 1769. 1759- Taylor, John. An examination of the scheme of morality, advanced by Dr. Hutcheson. Lond. 8vo. Pp. 64. 1803. See Arthur. 1803. Buhle, J. G. Geschichte der neuern Philosophic. Gottingen. Vol. 5, pp. 305-21. 1882. Fowler, Thos. Shaftesbury and Hutcheson. Lond. 8vo. viii, 240. *1892. Rampendahl, R. Eine Wiirdigung der Ethik Hutchesons. Diss. Leipzig. Pp. 66. *1897. Woynar, Karl. Das Verhaltnis der praktischen Philosophic Herbarts zu den englischen Moralphilosophen Shaftesbury, Hutcheson und Hume. In Jahresber. der mahr. LandesOberschule in Neutitschein. 1905. Martin, J. J. Shaftesburys und Hutchesons Verhaltnis zu Hume. Diss. Halle. Pp. 125. 1906. Jones, Sir Henry. Francis Hutcheson. A discourse . . . delivered in the University of Glasgow. Glasg. 8vo. Pp. 21. *1910. Boerma, N. W. De leer van den zedelijken zin bij Hutcheson. Diss. Groningen. HUTTON, JAMES. Educ. Edin. Univ.


1726-97. D.N.B.


1794. An investigation of the principles of knowledge, and of the progress of reason, from sense to science and philosophy. Edin. 3 vols. 4to. lxii, 649 ; xxiii, 734 ; xvi, 755. 1795. Edited with J. Black the Essays of Smith, Adam. [1797]* Playfair, John. Biographical account of James Hutton. No place (? Edin.). 4to. Pp. 61. JAMESON, WILLIAM.


1731 on, minister of Rerrick.

1749. An essay on virtue and harmony, wherein a reconciliation of the various accounts of moral obligation is attempted. Edin. i2mo. Pp. 321.




JAMIESON, ALEXANDER. 1819. A grammar of logic and intellectual philosophy, on didactic principles . . . Lond. i2mo. xx, 358. 1824, 2nd ed., Lond., 8vo : 1837, 6th stereot., New Haven (U.S.A.), 8vo. 1819. The young logician’s companion ; comprising questions and exercises on . . . logic and intellectual philosophy. Lond. i2mo. vi, 119. 1823. See Campbell, George, Philos, of Rhetoric, 1776. 1823. See Home, Elements of Criticism, 1762.



1858 on, minister of Old Machar.

1859. The essentials of philosophy . . . With analytical strictures on the views of some of our leading philosophers. Edin. 8vo. xii, 260. * ? Causality : or the philosophy of law investigated. 1872, 2nd ed. enl., Lond., 8vo, lxxxii, 368, [6]. 1876. Philosophy and its foundations : with an appeal to scriptural psychology. Anon. Lond., Edin. &c. 8vo. viii, 94. 1884. Profound problems in theology and philosophy. Lond. 8vo. xxix, 629. 1890. A new psychology : an aim at universal science. Edin. 8vo. xvi, 206. 1895. The great problem of substance and its attributes . . . Anon. Lond. 8vo. xv, 197, viii. 1901. A scientific philosophy the harbinger of a scientific theology : or, steps to philosophical and theological unity. Anon. Lond. 8vo. xxxiii, 241. JARDINE, GEORGE. Educ. Glasgow Univ.


1787-1824 Prof, of Logic, Glasgow.



1797* Quaedam ex logicae compendiis selecta. In usum studiosorum class, log. Glasgow. i2mo. Pp. 32. Anon. For his own students. Repr. 1809, 1813, 1820, all Glasgow, i2mo, and anon.



1797- Synopsis of lectures on logic and belles lettres ;

read in the University, Glasgow. Glasg. i2mo. Pp. 96. Anon. Repr. 1809, 1813, 1820 (5th ed.), all Glasg., i2mo, and anon. 1818. Outlines of philosophical education, illustrated by the method of teaching the logic class in the University of Glasgow. Glasg. 8vo. viii, 3, 485. 1825, 2nd ed., enl., Glasg., 8vo, xv, 527.



Educ. Edin. Minister of religion. 1876 Prof, of Moral Philos., St. Andrews ; retired 1902. Founder of the Wordsworth Scty.

1870. Colloquia peripatetica. By the late J. Duncan. (Preface by Knight.) Edin. 1870, 2nd ed., Edin. ; 1871, 3rd, Edin. ; 1879, 5th, Edin. ; 1907, 6th, Edin. & Lond. In 3rd ed. a sub-title was added, “ Being notes of con¬ versations by the late John Duncan with the Rev. Wm. Knight ” which in 5th & 6th eds. was altered to “ with Duncan by Knight ”. On religion and philosophy. 1879. Studies in philosophy and literature. Lond. xx, 426. All repr. from periodicals. 1882. Spinoza ; four essays, by Land, Fischer, Van Vloten, and Renan. Ed. by Professor Knight. Lond. xiv, 170. 1886. Hume. Edin. & Lond. x, 239. Critical notice by G. F. Stout in Mind, O.S., vol. 12 (1887), pp. 443-7. Repr. 1895, 1901, 1902, 1905, 1909, 1914. Knight edited the series (“Blackwood’s Philos. Classics ”) in which this vol. appeared. *1890. Essays in philosophy old and new. 1891. The philosophy of the beautiful. Being outlines of the history of aesthetics. Lond. xv, 288. 1893. The philosophy of the beautiful. Being a contribution to its theory, and to a discussion of the arts. Lond. xii, 281. The spine, but not the title-page, has “ Part II ”. 1893. The Christian ethic. Lond. xv, 178. 1893. Aspects of theism. Lond. x, 220. 1894. Biographical intro, to Minto’s Literature of the Georgian Era.




1900. Lord Monboddo and some of his contemporaries. Lond. xviii, 314. Portrs. Chiefly his letters. Notes on his MSS. See Burnett. 1901. Inter amicos. Letters between James Martineau and Wm. Knight 1869-72. Lond. xiii, 152. Given to the press by Knight. 1901. Varia. Studies on problems of philosophy and ethics. Lond. xi, 196. 1903. Some nineteenth century Scotsmen. Being personal recoll¬ ections. Edin. & Lond. Pp. 456. Includes short chapters on Chalmers, Hamilton, Ferrier, Spalding, Tulloch, Veitch, Baynes, Robertson





Educ. Glasgow Univ. Missionary at Serampore, India; Irvine, Hammersmith, and Bath.

later minister at

1836. Logic : designed as an introduction to the study of reasoning. Serampore. 8vo. viii, 218. 1845, 2nd ed., enl., Glasgow, xviii, 276 ; 1847, 3rd ed., Glasg. ; 1864, 4th ed., Lond.



Educ. Glasgow & Edin. 1835 Minister of religion. 1851-68 Prof, of Logic, Queen’s Coll., Belfast. 1868 Prof, of Philos, and President, Princeton Coll., U.S.A.


He first spelt his name “M’Cosh”; period.


belongs to his American

1850. The method of the divine government, physical and moral. Edin. 8vo. viii, 540. 1850, 2nd ed. ; 1855, 4th ; 1856, 5th ; 1859, 6th ; i860, 7th: all Edin. 1863, 8th, London; 1870, 10th, London (repr. 1874). 1852. On the method in which metaphysics should be prosecuted : being introductory lecture ... in Queen’s College . . . Belfast. Pp. 16. Repr. from *Belfast Mercury, Jan. 13, 1852.



1856. Typical forms and special ends in creation. Edin. 8vo. viii, 539. By M’Cosh and Geo. Dickie. 1857, 2nd ed., Edin. [1857]. The imagination ; its use and abuse. A lecture. Lond. pP- 351859. Sir Wm. Hamilton’s metaphysics. In Dublin Univ. Mag., vol. 54, pp. 152-66. 1860. The intuitions of the mind inductively investigated. Lond. 8vo. viii, 504. 1865, new and rev. ed., Lond. Rev. in Brit. & Forn. Evangelical Rev., Lond., vol. 14 (1865), pp. 430-3. [1861]. The association of ideas, and its influence on the training of the mind : a lecture. Dublin. i2mo. Pp. 36. 1862. The supernatural in relation to the natural. Camb. (Eng¬ land). i2mo. xii, 369. 1864. See Stewart, under “Outlines”, 1793. 1865. David Hume. In Brit. & Forn. Evangel. Rev., Lond., vol. 14, pp. 550-71. 1865. The scepticism of Hume. Ibid., pp. 826-50. 1866. An examination of Mr. J. S. Mill’s philosophy, being a defence of fundamental truth. Lond. i2mo. vii, 406. 2nd ed. with additions *1869, N.Y., pp. 470 (repr. 1875, N.Y. ; also 1877, 1886 and 1887, Lond.). *1867. Moral philosophy in Great Britain in relation to theology. In American Presbyt. & Theol. Rev., N.S., vol. 6, pp. 3-20. Repr. in his “ Philos, papers ”, 1868. *1868. Recent improvements in formal logic in Great Britain. Ibid., vol. 6, pp. 65-85. 1868. Mill’s reply to his critics. In Brit. & Forn. Evangel. Rev., Lond., vol. 173 PP• 332-62. Also in *American Presbyt. & Theol. Rev., N.S. (1868), vol. 6, pp. 350-91. 1868. Philosophical papers. Lond. 8vo. Pp. 413-84. Contents—1. Exam, of Hamilton’s logic. 2. Reply to Mr. Mill’s third edition (from 2nd ed. of M’C.’s “ Exam, of Mill’s philosophy”). 3. Present state of moral philo¬ sophy (see above, 1867). The pagination suggests that these papers were all intended to be added to the 2nd ed. of his “ Exam, of Mill’s philosophy ” (1869). 1869. Discussions in Europe as to academic teaching. (Inaugural lecture at Princeton.) 8vo. Pp. 62.




1870. The laws of discursive thought : being a text-book of formal logic. Lond. 8vo. xix, 212. 1871. Christianity and positivism : a series of lectures to the times on natural theology and apologetics. Lond. i2mo. viii, 369-

Repr. 1875, Lond. *1871. Body and mind. Materialism. Darwin’s Descent of man. In The Independent, April 6 and (last) 27. *1871. Questions of modern thought. Philadelphia. 1873. Berkeley’s philosophy. In Presbyt. Quart. & Princeton Rev., N.S., vol. 2, pp. 1-30. 1875. The Scottish philosophy, biographical, expository, critical, from Hutcheson to Hamilton. London (also N.Y.). 8vo. vii, 481. 1875. Ideas in nature overlooked by Dr. Tyndall. Being an examination of Dr. Tyndall’s Belfast address. N.Y. i2mo. v, 50.

1876. The development hypothesis : is it sufficient ? Pp.

1877. 1878. 1878.

1879. 1879. 1879. 1880. 1881.




Repr. from * Wood's Bible animals, 1874, Philad. Elements involved in emotions. In Mind, Lond., vol. 2, pp. 413-5. Contemporary philosophy. In Princeton Rev., 54th year (vol. 1), pp. 192-206, 606-32. A criticism of the Critical philosophy, in reply to Professor Mahaffy. Ibid., 54th year (vol. 2), pp. 889-915. Cp. below, 1884. Final cause, M. Janet, and Professor Newcomb. Ibid., 55th year (vol. 3), pp. 367-88. Herbert Spencer’s Data of ethics. Ibid., 55th year (vol. 4), pp. 607-36. Law and design in nature. In North Amer. Rev., N.Y., vol. 128, pp. 558-62. The emotions. London (also N.Y.). 8vo. ix, 255. The nature of development. In Boston Monday lectures, 1880-81, ed. by Jos. Cook, Lond., pp. 60-76.

1881. On causation and development. In Princeton Rev., 57th year, May, pp. 369-89. 1882. The Concord school of philosophy. Ibid., 58th year, Jan., pp. 49-71.



1882. The Scottish philosophy as contrasted with the German. Ibid.., 58th year, Nov., pp. 326-44. *1882. The senses, external and internal. Camb. (England). Pp. 86. 1882. Criteria of diverse kinds of truth as opposed to agnosticism, being a treatise on applied logic. (Philos, series, 1) N.Y. vii, 60. Also 1884, Edin. This and the rest of the series repr. in his “Realistic philosophy”, 1887. Cp. 1889, below. *1883. Energy, efficient and final cause. (Philos, series, 2) N.Y. pP- 55Also 1884, Edin. *1883. Development : what it can do and what it cannot do. (Philos, series, 3.) N.Y. Pp. 50. Also 1885, Edin. *1883. Certitude, providence, prayer. (Philos, series, 4.) N.Y. Pp. 46. Also 1885, Edin. [1883-4]. Evolution and development. David Hume. John Locke. Scottish philosophy. Four articles in A religious encyclopedia, ed. by P. Schaff, N.Y., 3 vols. (3rd ed. 1891, 4 vols.). 1884. Locke’s theory of knowledge with a notice of Berkeley. (Philos, series, 5) N.Y. iv, 77. Also 1886, Edin. 1884. Agnosticism of Hume and Huxley with a notice of the Scottish school. (Philos, series, 6.) N.Y. iv, 70. Also 1886, Edin. *1884. A criticism of the Critical philosophy. (Philos, series, 7.) N.Y. Pp. 60. Also 1886, Edin. Cp. art. of 1878 above. • *1885. Spencer’s philosophy as culminated in his ethics. (Philos, series, 8.) N.Y. Pp. 71. Also 1886, Edin. 1886. What an American philosophy should be. In New Princeton Rev., vol. 1, pp. I5'32- Repr. in his “ Realistic philosophy ”, 1887. 1886. Realism : its place in the various philosophies. Ibid., vol. 2, pp. 315-38. 1886. Psychology. The cognitive powers. Lond. 8vo. vn, 245. Also 1888, Lond. ; 1889, Lond. ; 1889, N.Y. ; *1894, N.Y.




1887. Psychology. The motive powers. Lond. 8vo. vi, 267. Also 1889, N.Y. ; *1894, N.Y. 1887. Realistic philosophy defended in a philosophic series. London (also N.Y.). 2 vols. 8vo. v, 252 ; v, 325. Contents—the 8 nos. of the Philos, series (1882-5 above) and the art. of 1886 on “ What an Amer. philos. should be ”. *1888. The religious aspect of evolution. N.Y. i2mo. xii, 109. Also [1890], Lond., “ enl. and improved ”. 1889. First and fundamental truths : being a treatise on meta¬ physics. London (also N.Y.). 8vo. x, 360. 1889. The tests of various kinds of truth, being a treatise of applied logic. N.Y. & Cincinnati. i2mo. Pp. 132. Largely a repr. of Philos, series no. 1 (above, 1882). 1890. Recent works on Kant. In Presbyt. & Reformed Rev., N.Y., vol. 1, pp. 425-40. 1890. The prevailing types of philosophy. Can they logically reach reality? N.Y. i2mo. vii, 66. Also 1891, Lond. *1890. John Witherspoon and his times. Philad. 24mo. Pp. 30. 1892. Our moral nature, being a brief system of ethics. Lond. i2mo. Pp. vi, 53. *1894. Philosophy of reality : should it be favoured by America ? N.Y. i2mo. x, 78. Of many of the above there were other American editions which I have not been able to check. [1852]. Moral philosophy chair [Belfast]. Dr. M’Cosh’s testi¬ monials. First series. No pi. Pp. 24. [1852]. Chair of moral philosophy. Application from . . . M’Cosh. No pi. Pp. 26. 1866. See Calderwood. 1895. Princeton College bulletin. McCosh memorial number. Vol. VII, no. 1, Feb. Princeton. Pp. 29. Portr. Includes bibliography of M’C.’s writings by J. H. Dulles (repr. separately same year). 1896. See Calderwood. 1896. Sloane, Wm. M. The life of James McCosh. Edin. (pr. in U.S.A.). 8vo. vii, 287. Portrs. [1914]. Volbeda, Samuel. De intuitieve philosophic van James McCosh. Diss. Michigan & Amsterdam. xii, 415. Includes bibliog. by J. H. Dulles.



x55 1765-1832.

. Educ. King’s Coll., Aberdeen (under Jas. Dunbar) and in medicine at Edin. Umv. 1795 Barrister, Lincoln’s Inn. 1804 Knighted, and Recorder for Bombay. 1806-11 Judge, Bombay. M.P., 1813 etc. 1818-24 Prof, of Law & General Politics, Haileybury. 1822-3 Lord Rector of Glasgow Univ. D.W.B. Thomson.

Miscellaneous works. 1846. Lond. 3 vols. 8vo. 1851, Lond., 1 vol. ; 1854, Lond., 3 vols. Also *1848, Philadelphia, 1 vol. Rev. in North British Review, Edin., vol. 5 (1846), pp. 5°4-39Trans.—*1829. Melanges philosophiques, trad, par Leon Simon. Paris. 8vo. 1799. Discourse on the study of the law of nature and nations . . . Lond. 8vo. Pp. 68. 1828, 2nd ed., Lond., i2mo, pp. 89 ; 1835, Lond., i2mo, same pag. ; 1835, Edin., iv, 60 (re-issued in Cabinet Libr. of scarce and celebrated tracts, vol. 1, Edin., 1838). Trans.—1830, Discours sur l’etude du droit de la nature et des gens, trans. by P. Royer-Collard and pref. to vol. 1 of de Vattel’s Le droit des gens, Paris (repr. 1835 Paris, and 1839 Brussels). 1863, Discours . . . gens, trans. by P. Pradier-Fodere in vol. 2 of de Vattel’s Droit des gens, Paris. 1816 & 1822. Stewart’s Introduction to the Encycl. Britannica. Anon, in Edin. Review, vol. 27, pp. 180-244 and v°l- 3^> pp. 220-67. The two articles united under title “ On the philos. genius of Lord Bacon and Mr. Locke ” in his Misc. Works. 1830. The progress of ethical philosophy. Preliminary dissertation in vol. 1 of 7th ed. of Encycl. Brit., Edin., and repr. in vol. 1 of 8th (1853) with pref. by Whewell. Also in Dissertations on the history of metaphysical and ethical and of mathematical and physical science by Stewart, Mackintosh, Playfair and Leslie, 1835, Edin., 4to ; and in Mackintosh’s Miscell. Works, 1846, etc. Publ. separately 1830, Edin. (privately pr. offprint) ; 1832, Philadelphia ; with preface by Whewell 1836, 1837 (2nd ed.), 1862 (3rd), 1872 (4th), all Edin. Trans,—1834. Histoire de la philosophic morale . . . traduit de l’anglais par H. Poret (with preface of 39 pp.). Paris.

8 vo.





1839. (Inaugural address and parting address.) In Inaugural addresses by Lords Rectors of the Univ. of Glasgow, ed. by John B. Hay, Glasgow, pp. 23-40. Not in M.’s Miscell. Works. Delivered 1822-3. 1835. Mackintosh, R. J. Memoirs of Sir James Mackintosh. Lond. 2 vols. 8vo. Portrs. 1836, 2nd ed., London, 2 vols. Reviewed in Quarterly Rev., Lond., vol. 54 (1835), pp. 250-94 ; by [Francis Jeffrey] in Edin. Rev., vol. 62 (1836), pp. 205-55 (repr. in J.’s Contributions to the Edin. Rev., 1844) ; and, with Mill’s Fragment on M., in Westminster Rev., vol. 23 (1835), pp. 429-471835. See Mill, James. 1880. De Quincey, Thos. Glance at the works of Mackintosh. In vol. 12 of De Q.’s Works, pp. 59-94.



Educ. St. Andrews and Edin. 1827 Lecturer in Nat. History, St. Andrews. 1839-52 Minister of the Scottish Church in Ceylon. D.N.B.

1837. On the beautiful, the picturesque, the sublime. Lond. 8vo. iv, 211. 1853. An enquiry into human nature. Edin. 8vo. xi, 228. 1855. The philosophy of the beautiful. Edin. 8vo. xvi, 175. 1868-74. A sketch of a philosophy. Lond. 8vo. 4 parts. 1868, xvi, 160, on mind ; 1868, xx, 96, on matter ; 1870, xx, 164, on chemistry ; 1874, xx, 180, on biology and theodicy. In the “ Supplement ” below he refers to his “ Science primer” (1878, Edin. & Lond., xvi, 112) as a “ condensed view ” of the above, but, like his “ Elements of the economy of nature” (1830, Edin.) it is scientific rather than philo¬ sophical. 1881. A supplement to a sketch of a philosophy. Lond. 8vo. Pp. 16. [1856]. Chair of Logic and Metaphysics, University of Edinburgh. Testimonials in favour of G. MacVicar. No place. 8vo.






Father of J. S. Mill. Educ. Edin. Univ. 1798 Licensed to preach but later broke away from the Church ; said to have printed two sermons under the name of Miln (or Milne). 1819 on, in service of East India Co. D.N.B. Thomson.

1820. Government. In Suppl. to 4th & yth eds. of Encycl. Brit., vol. 4. Also separately 1821, “ The article Government, repr. from the Suppl. to the Enc. Brit.”, no place (only “ Traveller Office ”), 8vo, pp. 32. Also [1828] in “ Essays on government, jurisprudence, liberty of the press . . . education . . . repr. . . . from the Suppl. to the Enc. Brit.”, Lond. (privately pr.), which was rev. by [Macaulay] in Edin. Review, vol. 49 (1829), pp. 159-89. This review started a cross fire of articles between the Edin. Rev. and the Westminster Rev.— E.R., vol. 49, pp. 273-99, vol. 5°> 99_I25 5 W.R., vol. n, 254-68, 526-36, vol. 12, 246-62. Repr. as “ An essay on government ”, with an intro, by E. Barker, 1937, Camb. 1829. Analysis of the phenomena of the human mind. Lond. 2 vols. 8vo. iv, 320 ; iv, 312. Rev. in Westminster Rev., vol. 13 (1830), pp. 265-92. 1869, “ new ed. with notes ... by A. Bain, A. Findlater, and G. Grote. Ed. with additional notes by J. S. Mill ”, Lond., 2 vols. 1835. A fragment on Mackintosh : being strictures on some passages in the dissertation . . . pref. to the Encycl. Brit. Lond. 8vo. viii, 432. Anon. Rev. in Westminster Rev., vol. 23 (1835), pp. 429-47. 1870, Lond., under Mill’s name. See Mackintosh. 1837. The principles of toleration. Lond. 8vo. iv, 44. Repr. from the Westminster Rev., vol. 6 (1826), pp. 1-23. A review of S. Bailey’s Essays on the formation and publication of opinions. 1844. Mill, J. S. Letter ... to the editor. In Edin. Rev., vol. 79, pp. 267-71. Intended to clear his father from imputations made in an article on Bentham in vol. 78. 1873. Same. Autobiography. Lond. 8vo. vi, 313. 1876-7, 1882, 1883. See Bain. 1915. See Davidson, W. L. under 1912-5.




1827. [Smith, L.]. Remarks upon an essay on government . . . Lond. 4to. iv, 48. 1870. Ribot, T. La psychologie anglaise contemporaine. Paris. 8vo. Engl, trans. “English psychology”, 1873, Lond. 1881. Bower, Geo. S. Hartley and James Mill. Lond. i2mo. iv, 246. 1900. Stephen, Sir Leslie. The English Utilitarians. Lond. Vol. 2. 1901-4. Halevy, Elie. La formation du radicalisme philosophique. Paris. 3 vols. Engl, trans. in 1 vol., “ The growth of philosophic radicalism ”, 1928, Lond. 1911. Hauffen, F. James Mills Assoziationspsychologie nach seinem Werke Analysis of the . . . mind. Hamburg (Beilage zum Jahresber. der Oberrealschule in Eimsbiittel). Pp. 32. 1915. See Davidson, W. L. Political thought in England. 1921. Brett, G. S. A history of psychology. Lond. Vol. 3, pp. 29-351921. Warren, H. C. A history of the association psychology. Lond. Pp. 81-94. MINTO, WILLIAM.


Educ. Aberdeen & Merton College, Oxford. 1867 Assistant to Bain in Aberdeen. 1874-8 editor of the London Examiner. 1880-93 Professor of Logic, Aberdeen. Wrote mostly on literature. D.N.B.

1883. J. S. Mill. In Encycl. Britannica, 9th ed., vol. 16 ; repr. in part in 1 ith ed., 1911. 1893. Logic inductive and deductive. Lond. 8vo. xii, 373. Repr. *1893, *1894, *1899, *1904, 1909, 1912, 1915. 1893. Anon. Obituary notice in Mind, N.S., vol. 2, pp. 423b 1894. Knight, W. A. Short life prefixed to Minto’s Literature of the Georgian era, Edin. & Lond. 1903. See Knight. MOREHEAD, ROBERT.


Educ. Glasgow Univ. & Oxford. Minister of St. Paul’s Episcopal Chapel, Edin. 1833-42 Rector of Easington, Yorks.

1830. Dialogues on natural and revealed religion. 8vo. xxvi, 468.

Edin. & Lond.



Intended as a “ continuation and reply ” to Hume’s Dialogues cone. nat. religion. Rev. in Edin. Review, vol. 52 (1831), pp. 109-19. 1845. Philosophical dialogues. Lond. 8vo. v, 163. As in preceding, the characters are Hume’s—Philo, Pamphilus, Cleanthes. 1875. Morehead, Chas. Memorials of the life and writings of the Rev. Robert Morehead. Edin. xii, 411. Portr.

MORELL, JOHN DANIEL. Educ. Glasgow Univ. schools. D.N.B.


1842-5 Congregational minister.

1848-76 Inspector of

1846. An historical and critical view of the speculative philosophy of Europe in the nineteenth century. Lond. 2 vols. 8vo. xxiv, 486 ; 536. 1847, 2nd ed., rev. and enl., Lond., 2 vols., xxxii, 591 ; 666. There were also *2 American editions. Rev. [? by Thos. Chalmers] in North British Review, Edin., vol. 6 (1847), pp. 271-331. It is now being forgotten that Morell’s survey was one of the influences that turned British thought from its self-absorption to the consideration of contemporary speculation on the Continent. 1848. On the philosophical tendencies of the age ; being four lectures delivered at Edinburgh and Glasgow, in Jan. 1848. Lond. 8vo. Pp. 193. On positivism, individualism, philos. of tradition, and the principle of common sense. 1849. The philosophy of religion. Lond. xxxvi, 427. 1853. Elements of psychology. Part I. Lond. 8vo. xx, 309. No more publ. [1855]. Handbook of logic . . . Lond. Sm. 8vo. Pp. 77. 1857, 2nd ed., Lond., same pag. ; 1859, 3rd, Lond. 1856. Modern German philosophy : its characteristics, tendencies, and results. Pp. 1- 142 in Manchester Papers, nos. 1 & 2, Lond. i860. Contributions to mental philosophy. By Immanuel Hermann Fichte. Trans, and ed. by J. D. Morell. Lond. Sm. 8vo. xxxvii, 159.




1862. An introduction to mental philosophy, on the inductive method. Lond. 8vo. xv, 464. [1884], Lond., xi, 389, cvii. 1878. Philosophical fragments written during intervals of business. Lond. 8vo. vii, 278. [1884]. Manual of history of philosophy. Lond. 8vo. Pp. 595. [1884]. A philosophical treatise on perpetual peace. By I. Kant. Trans, by J. D. Morell. Lond. i2mo. Pp. 88. 1891. Theobald, Robt. M. Memorials of J. D. Morell. Sm. 4to. Pp. 64. Portr.


1850. Barrett, Alfred. Discourse on the modern mental philo¬ sophy . . . with strictures on that exposition of it presented by J. D. Morell, in his Philosophy of religion. Lond. 8vo. Pp. 64. 1850. Anon. Mr. Morell, and the sources of his information : an investigation of his philosophy of religion. Lond. i2mo. PP- 541870. Ribot, Th. La psychologie anglaise contemporaine. Paris. 8 vo. Pp. 377-99 on Morell (omitted from Engl, trans., 1873). NAPIER, MACVEY.


Educ. at Edin. (under Dugald Stewart) & Glasgow. 1799 Writer to the Signet. Prof, of Conveyancing, Edin., 1824. Editor of 1824 6-vol. Suppl. to Encycl. Brit, and of 7th edition (1842, 21 vols.). Editor of Edin. Review 1829 on. D.N-B. Thomson.

1811. Review of Dugald Stewart’s Philosophical essays. In Quarterly Review, Lond., vol. 6, pp. 1-37. This un¬ signed article has been attributed also to T. Bowdler. 1818. Remarks, illustrative of the scope and influence of the philosophical writings of Lord Bacon. In Trans, of the Royal Scty. of Edin., vol. 8, pp. 373-425. Author’s offprint same year, Edin., 4to, ii, 53. Also in Napier’s “ Lord Bacon and Sir W. Raleigh ”, 1853, Camb. 1847. Anon. Biographical notice of Macvey Napier. Lond. 8vo. Pp. 11. 1877. Selection from the correspondence of Macvey Napier, ed. by his son. Lond. (privately pr.). xvi, 536. Also 1879, Lond., xvi, 555.


OGILVIE, JOHN. Educ. Marischal Coll., Aberdeen. shire. D.N.B. Thomson.




1759-1813 Minister of Midmar, Aberdeen¬

1774* Philosophical and critical observations on the nature, charac¬

ters, and- various species of compositions. Lond. 2 vols. 8vo. vi, 447 ; [iv], 359. Rev. by [John Langhorne] in Monthly Review, vol. 51 (J774)5 pp. 249-54. 1783. An inquiry into the causes of the infidelity and scepticism of the times : with occasional observations on the writings of Herbert, Shaftesbury, Bolingbroke, Hume, Gibbon, Toulmin, &c. &c. Lond. 8vo. xvi, 462. 1793. The theology of Plato, compared with the principles of oriental and Grecian philosophers. Lond. 8vo. xxiii, 205. OSWALD, JAMES.


175083 Minister of Methven.

1766-72. An appeal to common sense in behalf of religion. 2 vols. 8vo. viii, 390 ; xii, 388. Anon. 1768, 2nd ed. [of vol. I], Lond., 8vo, viii, 390.


1774. Priestley, Joseph. An exam, of Dr. Reid’s Inquiry . . . and Dr. Oswald’s Appeal to common sense. Lond. 8vo. Ixi, 371. 2nd ed., 1775, Lond. 1780. Buffier, C. First truths ... To which is prefixed a detection of the plagiarism, concealment, and ingratitude of the Doctors Reid, Beattie, and Oswald. Lond. 8vo. lxxi, 438. 1803. Buhle, J. G. Geschichte der neuern Philosophic. Gottingen. Vol. 5, pp. 247-69 on Reid, Beattie and Oswald.

RAMSAY, ANDREW MICHAEL. “ The Chevalier Ramsay ”.

Educ. Edin. Univ.

1686-1743. D.N.B.


1721. Essay philosophique sur le gouvernement civil, ou l’on traite de la necessite, de l’origine, des droits, des bornes, & des differentes formes de la souverainete : selon les principes




de feu M. Frangois de Salignac de la Motthe-Fenelon . . . Seconde edition revue, corrigee, & augmentee. Lond. i2mo. [xii], 230. Anon., but dedication signed “Ramsay”. I cannot trace the 1st ed. 1722, 3rd ed., Lond., sm. 8vo, anon. 1722. An essay upon civil government . . . According to the principles of the late Archbishop of Cambray. Trans¬ lated from the French. Lond. i6mo. [viii], viii, 9-231. Also 1732, Lond., i6mo, pp. 231. 1791. Principes de Messieurs Bossuet et Fenelon, sur la souverainete, tires . . . d’un essai sur le gouvernement civil. Paris. 8vo. xx, 340. Anon. 1732. A plan of education for a young prince. Lond. 8vo. Pp. xvi. 1742, 4th ed., Glasgow, i2mo. Ramsay was for a time tutor to the Stuart princes Chas. Edward and Henry. *1735. Le psychometre, ou reflexions sur les differens characteres des esprits, par un mylord anglois. Anon. In Memoires de Trevoux, avril. Under Ramsay’s name in *Ambigu litteraire, 1770, Paris. On Shaftesbury’s Character¬ istics. 1748-9. The philosophical principles of natural and revealed religion. Unfolded in a geometrical order by the Chevalier Ramsay. Glasgow. 2 vols. Sm. 4to. viii, 541 ; vi, 7-462. Reviewed by [Wm. Rose] in Monthly Rev., Lond., vol 4 (J750-1), pp. 340-8, 434-57. 1751, Glasgow, 4to, vii, viii, 541 (part 1 only).


Educ. Trinity Coll., Cambridge.

1800-71. D.N.B.

1837. A disquisition on government. Edin. i2mo. Pp. 186. 1838. Political discourses. Edin. 8vo. viii, 383. 1843. An enquiry into the principles of human happiness and human duty. Lond. 8vo. viii, 554. 1847. A classification of the sciences, in six tables. Edin. 4to. 1848. Analysis and theory of the emotions with dissertations on beauty sublimity and the ludicrous. Edin. & Lond. 8vo. [viii], 179-




1853. An introduction to mental philosophy. In two parts. In¬ tended specially for the use of students in universities. Edin., Lond., & Rugby. 8vo. x, 260. I&57- Principles of psychology. In three parts. Lond. 8vo. xvi, 3951862. Instinct and reason or the first principles of human knowledge. Lond. 8vo. vi, 136. 1870. Ontology or things existing. Lond. 8vo. viii, 117.



Educ. Marischal Coll., Aberdeen under Turnbuil. Minister of religion. 1751 Regent at King’s Coll., Aberdeen. 1764-96 Prof, of Moral philos., Glasgow. D.N.B. Thomson.

Works ... In two volumes. With notes . . . by G. N. Wright. 1843. Lond. 8vo. Works . . . now fully collected, with selections from his unpublished letters. Preface, notes, and supplementary dissertations, by Sir William Hamilton. Prefixed, Stewart’s account of the life and writings of Reid ; with notes by the editor. 1846. Edin. 8vo. Ends abruptly at p. 914. Rev. in North British Review, Edin., vol. 10 (1849), pp. 144-78 by [A. C. Fraser ; see his Essays, 1856, no. 2]. The 6th ed. rev. in London Qiiarterly, vol. 30 (1868), pp. 20-59. 1852, 3rd ed. ; 1854,4th; 1858,5th; 1863, “ Supplement¬ ary part, to complete former editions ”, pp. 913-1034, 989*991* ; 1863, 6th, 2 vols., edited by H. L. Mansel ; 1872, 7th, 1 2 vols. ; *1880, 8th (repr. 1895), 2 vols. All Edin. Oeuvres completes . . . publiees par Th. Jouffroy, avec des fragments de Royer-Collard et une introduction de 1’editeur. 1828-36. Paris. 6 vols. Vols. 2-6 rev. in Edin. Review, vol. 52 (1831), pp. 158-207. 1828, 2nd ed. of vols. 3 & 4 (Intellectual Powers, and Royer-Collard’s Fragments). Philosophic de Th. Reid extraite de ses ouvrages, avec une vie de 1’auteur, et un essai sur la philosophic ecossaise par P. H. Mabire . . . Premiere serie. Essais sur les facultes intellectuelles. 1844. Paris. i2mo. vii, 488.




1748. An essay on quantity ; occasioned by reading a treatise, in which simple and compound ratios are applied to virtue and merit. In Philos. Trans, of the Royal Scty., Lond., vol. 45, pp. 50520. The treatise referred to is Hutcheson’s Inquiry (1725). Repr. 1812, 1819, 1820, 1822, 1827 with the “ Essays on the powers of the human mind ”, and 1827 with the “ Intellectual powers 1764. An inquiry into the human mind, on the principles of common sense. Edin. 8vo. xvi, 541. Primarily a refutation of Hume. Thos. Brown once remarked that the difference between Reid and Hume was one of emphasis only : “ Reid bawled out, ‘ We must believe in an external world ’ ; but added in a whisper, ‘ We can give no reason for our belief’. Hume cries out, ‘ We can give no reason for such a notion ’ ; but whispers, ‘ I own we cannot get rid of it ’.” There is an undated letter from Hume to Reid on the Inquiry in J. Y. T. Greig’s Letters of David Hume (1932), vol. 1, p. 375 (Greig dates it Feb. 25, 1763). Rev. by [Wm. Rose] in Monthly Review, Lond., vol. 30 (1764), pp. 358-78, and vol. 31 (wrongly numbered 32 ; also 1764), pp. 1-21. 1764, Dublin, i2mo. 1765, 2nd ed. “ corr.”, Edin. ; *1769, 3rd ; 1785, 4th, Lond. ; 1801, 5th, Edin. ; 1804, 6th, Glasg. ; 1806, 6th, Glasg. ; 1810, 6th, Edin. ; 1814, 7th, Edin. ; 1817, Glasg. ; 1818, Edin. ; 1818, Lond. (for the Proprietors of the Military Chronicle) ; 1819, Edin. ; 1821, Lond., i2mo ; 1823, Lond. ; 1823, Edin., i2mo ; 1823, Cupar ; 1870, Calcutta, ed. by K. S. Macdonald, i2mo. Except otherwise stated, all 8vo. 1892. The philosophy of Reid as contained in the ‘ Inquiry into the human mind ’. With intro, and selected notes by E. H. Sneath. N.Y. 8vo. vii, 367. Trans.—1768, Recherches sur l’entendement humain, Amsterdam, 2 vols., i2mo ; *1782, Untersuchung uber den menschlichen Geist, Leipzig. 1774. A brief account of Aristotle’s logic. With remarks. In Home’s Sketches of the history of man, vol. 2, pp. 168-241. 1806, Edin., sm. 8vo, separately under title “ Analysis of Aristotle’s logic, with remarks ”, [iii], 150. Repr. 1812, 1819, 1820, 1822, 1827 with the “ Essays on



the powers of the human mind ”, and 1827 with the “ Intellectual powers x785* Essays on the intellectual powers of man. Edin. 4m. xii, 766. Rev. in Monthly Review, vol. 75 (1786), pp. 195-203, 24I-52, 331-42. 1827, Lond., 8vo (with essay on quantity and analysis of Aristotle’s logic appended). 1853, Edin., 8vo, “ from his collected writings, by Sir Wm. Hamilton, and with the foot notes of the editor ”. 1865, Lond., 8vo. *1850, Camb. (Mass.), abridged by J. Walker (1855, 6th ed., Boston, Mass.). 1884, Glasg., 8vo, “ Preliminary essay on the intell. powers . . . with notes ”. 1788. Essays on the active powers of man. Edin. 4to. vii, 493. This and the preceding printed together 1790, Dublin, 3 vols., 8vo, and as “ Essays on the powers of the human mind”, 3 vols., 8vo., Edin., 1803, 1808, 1812, 1819, and 1820 (the 1803 ed. includes Stewart’s Life of Reid, the last three include essay on quantity and analysis of Aristotle’s logic) ; also 1822, Lond., 3 vols., i2mo, and 1827, Lond., 1 vol., 8vo. 1794. Observations on the danger of political innovation, from a discourse delivered on the 28th November 1794, before the Literary Society in Glasgow College, by Dr. Reid, and published by his consent. In *Glasgow Courier, Dec. 18. Repr. 1796 in Sketch of the character of the late Thomas Reid, Glasg., sm. 8vo, pp. 16 (letters on R. to the Glasg. Courier) ; and in Arthur, Discourses, append. II. 1799. Statistical account of the University of Glasgow. ■ Pr. posthumously in vol. 21 of Statistical account of Scotland, ed. by Sir John Sinclair, append., pp. 1-50. “ Transmitted by Professor Jardine [Prof, of Logic] in the name of the Principal and professors of the University ”. 1937. Philosophical orations of Thomas Reid. Delivered at gradu¬ ation ceremonies in King’s College, Aberdeen, 1753, 1756, 1759> 1762. Edited, with an intro., from the Birkwood MS. by W. R. Humphries. Aberdeen. 4to. Pp. 47. The above are all Reid’s published writings. Some MS. papers are printed by M’Cosh in his Scottish Philos. (1875), append. Ill ; and some letters in Hamilton’s ed. of Reid’s works.




1796. See above under 1794. 1802. See Stewart, D. [1898]. See Fraser, A. C. 1774. Priestley, Joseph. An examination of Dr. Reid’s Inquiry . . . Lond. 8vo. Ixi, 371. 2nd ed., 1775, Lond. 1780. Buffier, C. First truths . . . trans. from the French ... To which is prefixed a detection of the plagiarism, concealment, and ingratitude of the Doctors Reid, Beattie, and Oswald. Lond. 8vo. lxxi, 438. [1800?]. Ludlam, Thos. Logical tracts : . . . with occasional re¬ marks on the writings of . . . Reid and Stewart. Camb. 8vo. Pp. 108. 1803. Buhle, J. G. Geschichte der neuern Philosophic. Gottingen. Vol. 5, pp. 247-69 on Reid, Beattie and Oswald. 1813. [Fearn, John]. A review of the first principles of Bishop Berkeley, Dr. Reid, and Professor Stewart. Lond. Repr. in part in Pamphleteer, Lond., vol. 3 (1814), pp. 345-59. 1829. Fearn, John. A manual of the physiology of mind . . . with which are laid out the crucial objections to the Reideian theory . . . Lond. 8vo. Pp. 244. 1830. [Rosmini-Serbati, A.]. Nuovo saggio sull’origine delle idee. Rome. 4 vols. 8vo. Vol. 1 comprises “ Observations on the systems of Locke, Condillac, Reid and Stewart ”. Eng. trans. 1883, Lond. 1830. [Lyall, Alfred]. A review of the principles of necessary and contingent truth, in reference chiefly to the doctrines of Hume and Reid. Lond. 8vo. iv, 222. 1831. Anon. An examination of the article entitled “ Philosophy of perception—Reid and Brown ” in the last or Cl 11 number of the Edinburgh Review. Edin. 8vo. Pp. 43. The article is a review of Jouffroy’s trans. of Reid’s works. 1836. [Alison, Wm. P.]. Correspondence between Academicus [Alison] and Consiliarius, on the comparative merits of phrenology, and the mental philosophy of Reid and Stewart. From the Phrenological Journal. Edin. 8vo. PP- 371840. Garmer, A. Critique de la philosophic de Thomas Reid. Paris. Pp. 120. 1847. Knighton, Wm. Reid’s Analysis of Aristotle’s logic . . . con¬ sidered.



Lect. 2 in his Utility of the Aristotelian logic, Calcutta, 8vo, pp. 80. 1847. [Ferrier, J. F.]. Reid and the philosophy of common sense. In Blackwood’s Mag., Edin., vol. 62, pp. 239-58. Repr. in F.’s Philos, remains, 1866. Occasioned by Hamilton’s ed. of Reid’s works. 1880. Latimer, James F. Immediate perception as held by Reid and Hamilton considered as a refutation of the scepticism of Hume. Diss. Leipzig. *1889. Dauriac, L. Le realisme de Reid. Paris. *1890. Kappes, M. Der Common Sense als Prinzip der Gewissheit in der Philosophic des Schotten Th. Reid. Leipzig. Pp. 75. 1896. See Davidson, W. L. [1909]. Peters, Kurt. Thomas Reid als Kritiker von David Hume . . . Diss. Berlin. Pp. 100. 1927. Jones, O. McK. Empiricism and intuitionism in Reid’s common sense philosophy. With foreword by A. A. Bowman. Princeton. 8vo. xxiv, 134. 1935- Sciacca, M. F. La filosofia di Tommaso Reid. Naples. Pp. 247. ROBERTSON, GEORGE CROOM.


Educ. Aberdeen. 1864 Assistant to Professor of Greek, Aberdeen. 1866 Professor of Mental Philosophy & Logic, University College, London. 1876-91 editor of Mind. D.N.B.

1864. Kant and Swedenborg. Unsigned article in Macmillan’s Magazine, Lond., vol. io, pp. 74-83. 1864. Historical sketch of the later German philosophy. In Brit. & Foreign Evangel. Review, Lond., vol. 13, pp. 441-66. 1868. Philosophy as a subject of study. In Fortnightly Review, Lond., vol. 4, N.S., pp. 623-38. His inaugural lecture at London. 1872. G. Grote’s Aristotle. Ed. by A. Bain & G. C. Robertson. Lond. 2 vols. 1880, 2nd ed., 1 vol. ; 1883, 3rd, 1 vol. 1873. The senses. A lecture. In Science lectures for the people, Fifth Series, Manchester, pp. 97-no.




1875. Abelard. Analogy. Analysis. Analytic judgments. Asso¬ ciation of ideas. Autonomy. Axiom. Articles in Encycl. Britannica, 9th ed., vol. 1. Except the first and the penultimate, repr. in his Philos, remains, 1894. 1881. Hobbes. Ibid., vol. 12. 1886. Hobbes. Edin. & Lond. i2mo. x, 240. 1890. George Grote. John Grote. Articles in Diet, of nat. biogr., Lond. 1894. Philosophical remains. Ed. by A. Bain & T. Whittaker. Lond. 8vo. xxiv, 481 Portr. With a memoir by Bain (repr. from Mind, vol. 2, 1893) and an appreciation by Leslie Stephen. The only'contributions to Mind not here repr. appear to be :— Critical notice of H. Jackson’s Clinical and physiological researches on the nervous system. Vol. 1 (1876), pp. 125-7. Crit. notice of J. E. Cairnes’s Character and logical method of political economy. Ibid., pp. 13 if. Crit. notice of R. Shute’s Discourse on truth. Vol. 2 (1877), pp. 392-8. J. S. Mill’s philosophy tested by Prof. Jevons. Vol. 3 (1878), pp. 141-4, 287-9. Localisation of brain-functions. Vol. 7 (1882), pp. 299-302. Dr. Viguier on the “ sense of direction ”. Ibid., p. 571. Helen Keller. Vol. 1, N.S. (1892), pp. 574-80. 1896. Elements of general philosophy. Ed. by C. A. F. Rhys Davids. Lond. 8vo. xvi, 365. Repr. 1905. 1896. Elements of psychology. Ed. by C. A. F. Rhys Davids. Lond. 8vo. xvi, 268. This and the preceding reviewed by W. L. Davidson in Mind, N.S., vol. 6 (1897), pp. 263-6. [1868]. Testimonials in favour of G. Croom Robertson ... for the examinership in logic and moral philosophy in the Uni¬ versity of London. [Lond.]. 8vo. Pp. 18. 1893. Bain, A. George Croom Robertson. In Mind., N.S., vol. 2, pp. 1-14. Repr. in Robertson’s Philos, remains, 1894.



I^93. Foley, G. A. G. C. Robertson as a teacher. Ibid., pp. 275-80. 1903. See Knight.

SCOTT, ROBERT EDEN. Educ. Aberdeen.


1800 Prof, of Moral Philos., King’s Coll., Aberdeen.


1802. Elements of rhetoric, for the use of students of King’s College, Aberdeen. Aberdeen. 8vo. Pp. 62. 1805. Elements of intellectual philosophy ; or, an analysis of the powers of the human understanding ; tending to ascertain the principles of a rational logic. Edin. 8vo. Pp. 491. 1810. Inquiry into the limits and peculiar objects of physical and metaphysical science, tending principally to illustrate the nature of causation ; and the opinions of philosophers, ancient and modern, concerning that relation. Edin. 8vo. viii, ii, 307. Dedic. to Dugald Stewart.



Educ. Glasgow (under Hutcheson) and Balliol Coll., Oxford. 1751 Prof, of Logic, Glasgow. 1752-63 Prof, of Moral Philos., Glasgow. Then travelling tutor for 3 years to young Duke of Buccleuch. 1767-78 in retirement in Kirkcaldy (except 1773-6 in London). 1778-90 Commissioner of Customs in Scotland, Edin. 1787 Lord Rector of Glasgow Univ. D.N.B. Thomson.

The works of Adam Smith . . . With an account of his life and writings by Dugald Stewart ... In five volumes. 1811-2. Lond. 8vo. Contents—Moral sentiments ; Wealth of nations ; Diss. on languages ; Essays. 1748. Poems on several occasions. Anon. [By Wm. Hamilton of Bangour.] Glasgow. Sm. 8vo. [vi], 148. Edited by Smith (see Rae, Smith, pp. 39-41). Repr. 1749 ; “2nd ed. ” 1758 : both Glasg. 1755. (Review of Johnson’s Dictionary of the English language.) A letter in Edin. Review, no. 1, pp. 61-73, anon, (in 2nd ed. 1818, Lond., pp. 54-65, it is attrib. to Smith). Of this




forerunner of the later Review with the same title, only two numbers appeared. 1755. A letter to the authors of the Edinburgh Review. Ibid., no. 2, pp. 63-79 (2nd ed., 1818, pp. 121-35). Plea for attention in the Review to the literature of the Continent. Trans, of both letters appended to 1797 French trans. of his Essays (1795). 1759. The theory of moral sentiments. Lond. 8vo. [xii], 552. Immediately popular (see Hume’s letters to Smith April 12 and July 28, 1759, in Greig’s Letters of Hume, 1932). Rev. [? by Burke] in Annual Register for 1759, pp. 484-9, in Smollett’s Critical Review, vol. 7 (1759), pp. 383-99, and [by Wm. Rose] in Monthly Review, vol. 21 (1759), pp. 1-18. 6th ed. rev. in Month. Rev., vol. 4 of enl. series (i79i)3 PP- i38'421761, 2nd ed., Lond. ; 1767, 3rd, “ To which is added, a dissertation on the origin of languages ” (added also to the subsequent editions) ; 1774, 4th; 1781, 5th; 1790, 6th, 2 vols. : all Lond., 8vo. Also 1777, 6th [jt’c], Dublin, 8 vo. Posthumous—1792, 7th, Lond. ; 1793, Basle ; 1797, 8th, Lond. ; 1801, 9th, Lond. ; *1804, 10th, Lond. ; 1808, nth, Edin. : all 2 vols., 8vo. 1809, 12th, Glasgow, 1 vol., 8vo ; 1813, Edin., 2 vols., 8vo ; *1817, Boston ; *1817, Philad. ; *1821, N.Y. ; *1822, Lond., 2 vols. ; 1825, Lond., 2 vols., 24mo ; 1849, Edin., 1 vol. ; 1853, Lond. (Bohn), 1 vol. (repr. 1861, 1892, *1911) ; 1869, Lond. (Bell & Daldy) ; 1869, Lond. (Murray), with Smith’s Essays (repr. 1872) ; [1880], Lond. (World Library), with Essays ; *1887, Boston. Extract in Selby-Bigge’s British Moralists, 1897, Oxford, vol. 1. Translations : *1764. Metaphysique de Fame . . . Trad, par M*** [M-A. Eidous], Paris. 1770. Theorie der moralischen Empfindungen [trans. by Ghr. G. Rautenberg]. Brunswick. 1774. Theorie des sentimens moraux ; traduction nouvelle . . . par l’Abbe Blavet. Paris. 2 vols. i2mo. Ace. to V. Cousin (Philos, ecossaise) this anticipated, and thereby precluded the publication of, one by La Rochefoucauld.



179I-5- Theorie der sittlichen Gefiihle. Uebersetzt, vorgeredet und hin und wieder kommentirt von L. T. Kosegarten. Lpzg. 2 vols. Vol. 2 contains the changes made in the 6th Engl. ed. 1798. Theorie des sentimens moraux . . . suivi d’une diss. sur l’origine des langues . . . Trad. . . . par S. Grouchy Ve Condorcet. Elle y a joint huit lettres sur la sympathie. Paris. 2 vols. Repr. i860, Paris, 1 vol., “ preeedee d’une intro, et accompagnee de notes par H. Baudrillart ”. 1926. Theorie der ethischen Gefiihle . . . libers, u. mit Einleitung, Anmerk. u. Registern hrsg. von Walter Eckstein. Lpzg. Translates text of 6th ed. and notes the variants in the other five. 1776. An inquiry into the nature and causes of the wealth of nations. Lond. 2 vols. 4to. [xii], 510 ; [iv], 587. Rev. by [Wm. Enfield] in Monthly Review, vol. 54 (1776), pp. 229-308, 455-65, and vol. 55 (1777), 16-26, 81-92 ; and in Annual Register for 1776, Lond., pp. 241-3. 1776, Dublin, 3 vols., 8vo ; 1778, 2nd ed., Lond., 2 vols., 4to ; [1778?], “ Additions and corrections to the first and second editions ”, [Lond.], 4to, pp. 79 ; 1784, 3rd, Lond., 3 vols., 8vo ; 1786, 4th (as 3rd) ; 1789, 5th (as 3rd) ; 1791, 6th (as 3rd). This last, though posthumous, was passed for the press by Smith. Begun in Lrance in summer of 1764 “ in order to pass away the time ” (Smith’s letter to Hume, July 5), and Smith’s chief concern during the 9 years after his return to England in 1766. I omit the very numerous posthumous editions and translations of a work which, though non-philosophical, could not be entirely passed over. 1777. Letter to Wm. Strahan. On the last illness of Hume. Dated Nov. 9, 1776. Appended to The life of David Hume, Esq. written by himself, Lond., pp. 37-62. Repr. in Hume’s Philos, works, 1825, 1826, 1854, 1874-5. For reply by Horne see under Hume, Biography, 1777 (p. 43). Verse trans., 1788, Adami Smithi, LL.D. ad Gul. Strahanum . . . de rebus novissimis Davidis Humei, epistola, n. pi., 4to, pp. 10.




1795. Essays on philosophical subjects . . . To which is prefixed, an account of the life and writings of the author by Dugald Stewart. Lond. 4to. xcv, 244. Contents—Stewart’s account ; Hist, of astronomy ; Hist, of the ancient physics ; Hist, of the ancient logics and metaphysics ; The imitative arts ; Music, dancing and poetry ; The affinity between English and Italian verses ; The external senses. The advert, is signed by Joseph Black and James Hutton (Smith’s literary executors) who, at his orders, had des¬ troyed all his other papers shortly before his death. The first essay is presumably the “ fragment of a great work which contains a history of the astronomical systems ”, which alone among his MSS. Smith in 1773 (in a letter to Hume asking him to be his executor) thought deserving of posthumous publication. In 1785 (Nov. 1, to the Due de la Rochefoucauld) he writes of two other works in hand, the first of which may have been around the fourth, fifth and sixth of the Essays and the second of which would be a development of the next item (1896) : “ The one is a sort of philosophical history of all the different branches of literature, of philosophy, poetry, and eloquence ; the other is a sort of theory and history of law and government. The materials of both are in great measure collected, and some part of both is put into tolerable good order. But the indolence of old age ... I feel coming fast upon me, and whether I shall ever be able to finish either is extremely uncertain ”. Rev. in British Critic, Lond., vol. 7 (1796), pp. 665-72, and in Monthly Review, Enlarged series, vol. 22 (1797), 57-68 and vol. 23 (1797), 18-34, I52’661795, Dublin, 8vo ; 1799, Basle, 8vo ; 1800, Basle, 8vo ; 1822, Lond., i2mo ; 1869, Lond. (Murray ; repr. 1872), 8vo, preceded by Th. of moral sentiments ; [1880], Lond. (World Library), as preceding. Trans.—1797. Essais philosophiques . . . precedes d’un precis de sa vie et de ses ecrits par Dugald Stewart . . . Trad . . . par P. Prevost. Paris. 2 vols. 8vo. Vol. 2 includes trans. of the two articles in Edin. Rev. of 1755 and (pp. 229-71) “ Reflexions sur les oeuvres posthumes d’Adam Smith ; par le traducteur ”. 1896. Lectures on justice, police, revenue and arms, delivered in



the Univ. of Glasgow by Adam Smith. Reported by a student in 1763 and edited with an introduction and notes by Edwin Cannan. Oxford, xlii, 293. The discovery of these lecture-notes proves that the main ideas of the Wealth of Nations had occurred to Smith before he went to France (1764). They are virtually all we have from which to conjecture the nature of the extended work mentioned in the letter of 1785 quoted above (under Essays) and which he had promised at the end of his Th. of Moral Sentiments. Trans.—1928. Vorlesungen liber Rechts- Polizei- Steuerund Heereswesen . . . iibertr. von S. Blach. Mit einem Geleitwort von J. Jastrow. Halberstadt. The above are all Smith’s works. On an abstract of Hume’s Treatise, published 1740, usually attributed to Smith, see above, p. 14. 1794. See Stewart, D. 1800. Smellie, Wm. Literary and characteristical lives of John Gregory . . . and Adam Smith. Edin. 8vo. ix, 450. 1805. Anon. Life of Adam Smith . . . together with a view of his doctrine, compared with that of the French economists. Glasg. (Univ. Press). 8vo. Pp. lv. 1845-6. See Brougham. 1881. Bagehot, W. Biographical studies. Lond. Essay 7. Repr. from Fortnightly Review, vol. 20 (1876), pp. 18-42. 1881. Farrer, J. A. Adam Smith. Lond. iv, 201. 1881. Leser, E. Aus der Lebensgeschichte des Adam Smith. In Untersuchungen zur Gesch. der Nationalokonomie, Heft 1, Jena, pp. 1-46. 1886. Delatour, A. Adam Smith, sa vie, ses travaux, ses doctrines. Paris, viii, 325. 1887. Haldane, R. B. Life of Adam Smith. Lond. Sm. 8vo. Pp. 161, x. With bibliography by J. P. Anderson. 1890. Walcker, K. Adam Smith, der Begriinder der modernen Nationalokonomie. Sein Leben und seine Schriften. Ber¬ lin. 8vo. vi, 50. 1894. Bonar, James. A catalogue of the library of Adam Smith . . . Ed. with an intro. Lond. xxx, 126. 1932, 2nd ed., xxxiv, 218. List of Smith’s books with the places in his own works




where they are quoted or mentioned. A section on the portraits of Smith, contrib. by J. M. Gray. 1895. Rae, John. Life of Adam Smith. Lond. xv, 449. The standard Life. [1899]. Macpherson, H. C. Adam Smith. Lond. Pp. 160. 1904. Hirst, F. W. Adam Smith. Lond. (Engl, men of letters.) viii, 240. !9°5. Jentsch, K. Adam Smith. Berlin. (Biographen-Sammlung “ Geisteshelden”). x, 289. 1937. Scott, W. R. Adam Smith as student and professor. Glas¬ gow. 4to. xxvi, 445. Illus. Prints hitherto unpublished documents, including many letters to and from Smith and what is claimed to be an early draft of part of the Wealth of nations. 1796. Joersson, S. A. Adam Smith . . . and Thomas Payne . . . A critical survey published in all languages. No. pi. 8vo. Pp. 120. 1820. See Brown, T., Lectures. 1830. See Mackintosh, Sir J. 1874. Oncken, A. Adam Smith in der Culturgeschichte. Ein Vortrag. Vienna. 8vo. Pp. 21. 1877. Same. Adam Smith und Immanuel Kant. Der Einklang und das Wechselverhaltniss ihrer Lehren liber Sitte, Staat und Wirthschaft . . . Erste Abt. : Ethik und Politik. Lpzg. xii, 276. (All publ.) 1878. Skarzynski, W. von. Adam Smith als Moralphilosoph und Schopfer der Nationalokonomie. Berlin, xx, 466. 1889. Zeyse, Rd. Adam Smith und der Eigennutz. Eine Untersuchung uber die philos. Grundlagen der alteren Nationalokonomie. Tubingen, viii, 121. 1890. Feilbogen, S. Smith und Hume. In feitschr. f. d. gesamte Staatswissenschaft, Tubingen, vol. 46, pp. 695-716. 1890. Paszkowski, W. Adam Smith als Moralphilosoph. Diss. Halle. Pp. 53. 1890. Schubert, J. Adam Smiths Moralphilosophie. Diss. Lpzg. Pp. 58. Also in Philos. Studien, ed. by W. Wundt, Lpzg., vol. 6 (1891), pp. 552-604. 1890. Hasbach, W. Die allgemeinen philos. Grundlagen der von F. Quesnay und Adam Smith begriindeten politischen Oekonomie. Lpzg. x, 177. Staats- und sozialwissensch. Forschungen, vol. 10, Heft 2.


1891. Same. Untersuchungen tiber Adam Smith . Pp. 440.





x893- Bonar, James. Philosophy and political economy in some of their historical relations. Lond. Pp. 146-83. 1896. Bergemann, P. Adam Smiths padagogische Ansichten und Kritik derselben. Wiesbaden. Pp. 78. Padag. %eit- und Streitfragen series, vol. 9. t9°3- Appeldoorn, J. G. De leer der sympathie bij David Hume en Adam Smith. Diss. Drachten. Pp. 139. 1907. Huth, H. Soziale und individ. Auffassung im 18. Jahrh., vornehmlich bei Adam Smith und Adam Ferguson. Lpzg. xv, 160. Staats- und sozialwissensch. Forschungen, Heft 125. Expanded form of Diss. “ Die Bedeutung der Gesellschaft bei Smith und Ferguson,” 1906, Lpzg., iv, 87. 1907. Small, A. W. Adam Smith and modern sociology. A study in the methodology of the social sciences. Chicago & Lond. xii, 247. 1919. Ritter, Moriz. Die Entwicklung der Geschichtswissenschaft. Munich & Berlin. Pp. 257-64. 1923. Morrow, Glenn R. The significance of the doctrine of sympathy in Hume and Adam Smith. In Philos. Review, vol. 32, pp. 60-78. 1923. Same. The ethical and economic theories of Adam Smith. A study in the social philosophy of the eighteenth century. N.Y. vi, 91. Cornell studies in philosophy, no. 13. 1923. Scott, W. R. Adam Smith. Proc. of the Brit. Academy, vol. 1L PP- 435-531924. Bonar, James. Adam Smith. An address. Lond. Pp. 26. Nat. Liberal Club, polit. and econ. circle, Transactions, part 99. 1925. Hasek, C. W. The introduction of Adam Smith’s doctrines into Germany. N.Y. Pp. 155. Columbia Univ. studies in . history, vol. 97, no. 2. 1926. Bonar, James. The tables turned. A lecture and dialogue on Adam Smith and the classical economists. Lond. vi, 52. One of a series of addresses at the London School of Economics to commemorate the 150th anniversary of the publication of the Wealth of Nations. 1926. Same. “ The theory of moral sentiments ” by Adam Smith. In Journ. of Philos. Studies, Lond., vol. 1, pp. 333“531927. Laird, J. Social philosophy of Smith’s “ Wealth of nations ”. Ibid., vol. 2, pp. 39-51.




1928. Various. Adam Smith. Lectures to commemorate the sesquicentennial of the publication of the “ Wealth of nations”. Chicago. Pp. 241. Contributors—J. M. Clark, P. H. Douglas, J. H. Hollander, Glenn R. Morrow, M. Palyi, J. Vines. SPALDING, WILLIAM.


Educ. Marischal Coll., Aberdeen. 1833 Advocate. Edin. 1845-59 Prof of Logic, St. Andrews. D.N.B.

1840 Prof, of Rhetoric,

1839. Rhetoric. Article in Encycl. Britann., 7th ed., vol. 19. Repr. in Treatises on poetry, modern romance and rhetoric ; being the articles under those heads contributed [by Moir and Spalding] to the Encycl. Brit., 1839, Edin. 1854. Bacon. Ibid., 8th ed., vol. 4. 1857. An introduction to logical science. Edin. 8vo. xvi, 311. Repr. of art. “Logic” in Enc. Brit., 8th ed., vol. 13 (i857)1836. Testimonials in favour of W. Spalding, Esquire, Advocate, a candidate for the Professorship of Logic in the Univ. of Edinburgh. [Edin.] 8vo. Pp. 15. 1840. Testimonials . . . Professorship of Rhetoric and Belles Lettres in the Univ. of Edin. Edin. 8vo. Pp. 16. i860. Spalding, William. Art. in Enc. Brit., 8th ed., vol. 20. Signed “ C.M.” 1876. Burton, John H. Life of Spalding. Prefixed to 1876 (Lond.) ed. of Sp.’s “ Letter on Shakspere’s authorship of The two noble kinsmen ”. 1903. See Knight. STEWART, DUGALD.


Educ. Edin. under Ferguson and Glasgow under Reid. 1775-83 Acting Prof, of Maths., Edin. 1785 Prof, of Moral Philos., Edin. ; retired 1810 but did not resign chair until 1820. Monument to him by Playfair on Calton Hill, Edin. D.N.B. Thomson.

Works. In seven volumes. 1829. Cambridge. 8vo. Collected works ... ed. by Sir Wm. Hamilton. 1854-8.





vols. 8vo. Portr. Supplem. vol. i860. Vols. 10 & 11 seen through the press by Veitch. Repr. 1877, Edin., 11 vols. Rev. in North British Review, Edin., vol. 28 (1858), pp. 465-99. 1792- Elements of the philosophy of the human mind. Lond. ato. xii) 569Vol. I, but not so entitled. Dedic. to Reid. 1802, 2nd ed-5 1808,3rd; 1811,4th; 1814,5th; 1818, 6th; 1837; *1842 : all Lond., 8vo. Rev. in Annual Register for 1793, Lond., under “ Characr ters ”, pp. 153-70. 1814, Vol. II. Edin. 4to. xiv, 554. Rev. in Quarterly Review, vol. 12 (1815), pp. 281-317. 1816, 2nd ed., Edin., 8vo ; 1821, 3rd, Edin., 8vo. 1827, Vol. Ill, “ To which are annexed, additions to volume first.” Lond. 4to. vi, 521, 46. 1842, two parts, “ with references, table of contents, and trans. of the . . . quotations ” by G. N. Wright, Lond., 1 vol., la. 8vo. Repr. 1843, 1850, 1859, 1877, and n.d., all Lond. Extracts, with comments, in Metaphysical and mental philosophy by J. R. B[allantyne], vol. 2, 1853, Allahabad (Reprint for the pandits, no. 4), [iv], 176, xxviii. Trans.—(a) Of vol. I only. 1794, Anfangsgriinde der Philosophic liber die menschl. Seele, tr. by S. G. Lange, Berlin ; 1808, Elemens de la philos. de l’esprit humain . . . trad . . . par P. Prevost, Geneva, 2 vols., 8vo ; 1798, extracts in Bibliotheque britannique, Geneva, vol. 8, pp. 409-34. (b) Of entire work. 1843-5, Elements . . . humain . . .Trad, fran^aise revue, corrigee et completee par L. Peisse, Paris, 3 vols., i2mo. 1793- Outlines of moral philosophy. For the use of students in the Univ. of Edinburgh. Edin. 8vo. xiv, 302. Anon. 1801, 2nd ed., Edin. ; 1808, 3rd, Edin. ; 1818, 4th, Edin. ; 1829, 5th, Edin. ; 1837, 6th, with memoir of Stewart, Edin. ; 1844, 7th, with memoir, Edin. ; 1845, Edin.; 1850, Dublin; 1855, with memoir by Thos. Jordan, Dublin ; 1861, Lond. ; 1864, with memoir &c. by J. M’Gosh, Lond., repr. 1865, 1867, 1868, and 1876, Lond. 1887, Analysis of Stewart’s Moral Philosophy, by James Lowe, Manchester & Lond., pp. 47 (abridgement of part II).










Trans.—1826, Esquisses de philosophic morale . . . Trad. . . . par Th. Jouffroy, Paris (3c edition 1841, Paris). Account of the life and writings of Adam Smith. In Trans, of Royal Scty. of Edin., vol. 3, pp. 55-137- Read before the Scty. in Jan. and Mar., 1793. Repr. in Smith’s Essays 1795, in his Wealth of nations, 1835-9, and in his Works, 1811-2, vol. 5 ; also below, 1811. Account of the life and writings of William Robertson, D.D. . . . Lond. 8vo. iv, 307. Read before the Royal Scty. of Edin. in 1796. 1802, 2nd ed., Lond., same pag. Repr. in Robertson’s Hist, of Scotland, 1802, &c. ; in his Works, 1817, &c. ; in his Life of Charles V, [1869] ; and below, 1811. Trans. *1806, Essais historiques sur la vie et les ouvrages de William Robertson, Paris. Account of the life and writings of Thomas Reid . . . Edin. 8vo. Pp. 164. Read before the Royal Scty. of Edin. in 1802. Rev. by [Francis Jeffrey] in Edin. Review, vol. 3 (1803), pp. 269-87 (repr. in J.’s Contributions to the Edin. Rev., 1844 etc.). 1803, Edin., 8vo, pp. 222. Repr. in Reid’s Works, 1843 and 1846 &c., and in trans. in his Oeuvres, vol. 1, 1836 ; also below, 1811. A short statement of some important facts, relative to the late election of a mathematical Professor [J. Leslie] in the Univ. of Edinburgh ; accompanied with original papers and critical remarks. Edin. 8vo. Pp. 127. 1805, 2nd ed., Edin., 8vo, pp. 127 ; 1805, 3rd, Edin., 8vo, ii, 139. Leslie,while a candidate, had been opposed for holding what was alleged to be Hume’s view of causality. 3rd ed. rev. in Edin. Rev., vol. 7 (1806), pp. 113-34. This and the next item are included in Tracts, historical and philosophical, relative to . . . the election of Mr. Leslie . . . 1806, Edin., 2 vols. See below, p. 180, under 1805. Postscript to Mr. Stewart’s short statement of facts relative to the election of Professor Leslie. With an appendix, consisting chiefly of extracts from the records of the Uni¬ versity, and from those of the City of Edinburgh. Edin. 8vo. Pp. 48. 1806, 2nd ed., Edin., 8vo, same pag. Philosophical essays. Edin. 4U). lxxvi, 590. Rev. in Quarterly Review, Lond., vol. 6 (1811), pp. 1-37 ;



and, by [Francis Jeffrey], in Edin. Review, vol. 17 (1810), pp. 167-211 (repr. in J.’s Contributions to the Edin. Rev., 1844 etc.). 1816, 2nd ed., Edin., la. 8vo, xii, 615 ; 1818, 3rd, Edin., la. 8vo, same pag. ; 1855, “ with many new and important additions ”, ed. by Sir Wm. Hamilton, Edin. Trans.—* 1828, Essais philosophiques sur les systemes de Locke, Berkeley, Priestley, Horne Tooke, trad, par Huret. 1811. Biographical memoirs of Adam Smith, William Robertson, and of Thomas Reid, read before the Royal Society of Edinburgh. Edin. 4to. Pp. 532. See above under 1794, 1801 & 1802. [1815]. Some account of a boy born blind and deaf, collected from authentic sources of information ; with a few remarks and comments . . . From the Trans, of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. Edin. (no pr. or publ.). 4to. Pp. 78. From the Trans. R.S.E., vol. 7 (1815), pp. 1-78. The same case (a James Mitchell) is touched on by Stewart in his “ Elements ”, Works, vol. 4, pp. 30off. 1816-21. A general view of the progress of metaphysical, ethical and political philosophy since the revival of letters. In Suppl. to 4th & 5th eds. of Encycl. Brit., vol. 1, 1824 5 but this had appeared in half-vol. parts 1816-24, and above was publ. in two instalments in the 1816 & 1821 parts. Repr. as 1st prelim, diss. in 7th ed. of Encycl. Brit., vol. 1, 1842, and similarly in 8th ed., 1853 (also i860). Repr. with the other suppl. dissertations in Dissertations on the hist, of the meta. and ethical, and of the math, and physical sciences . . . 1835, Edin., 4to. Rev. in Quarterly Review, vol. 17 (1817), pp. 39-72 and vol. 26 (1822), 474-514 ; and in Edin. Review (see Mackintosh, 1816 & 1822). Cp. Blackwood's Mag., vol. 2 (1818), pp. 57-65, 159-65, “ Remarks on the review ... in the Quart. Rev.” For the Diss. Stewart received from the publisher of the Encycl. Brit. (Constable) £1700. Trans.—*1820-3. Histoire abregee des sciences meta., morales et politiques . . . Trad, par J. A. Buchon. Paris. 3 vols. 1828. The philosophy of the active and moral powers of man. Edin. 2 vols. 8vo. xv, 416; vii, 544.




Trans.—*1834. Philos, des faculties actives et morales . . . Trad, par Simon et Huret. Paris. 1828. Parr, Sami. Works. Lond. Vol. 7, pp. 542-53. Letters from Stewart to Parr. 1838. [Stewart, Matthew]. Memoir of the late Dugald Stewart. Edin. 4to. Pp. 16. Portr. Printed privately (20 copies). Repr. from Annual bio¬ graphy and obituary for the year i82g (not, as author, 1828), Lond., pp. 256-69. 1839. Anon. Recollections of Dugald Stewart. In Fraser's Mag., Lond., vol. 19, pp. 50-56. 1858. See Veitch. 1805. [Inglis, John.] An examination of Mr. Dugald Stewart’s pamphlet, relative to the late election of a mathematical professor . . . Edin. 8vo. Pp. 146. 1806, 2nd ed. with appendix, Edin., 8vo, pp. 152. 1806. See Brown, W. L. 1806. Anon. A letter to the Rev. Dr. Inglis, author of “ An exam. . . .” By a minister of the Church of Scotland. Edin. 8vo. Pp. 180. 1806. Playfair, John. Letter to the author of the “ Exam. . . .” Edin. 8vo. Pp. 117. 1806. Inglis, John. Reply to Professor Playfair’s letter . . . Edin. 8vo. Pp. 99. 1806. See Brown, Thos. The above six pamphlets are included in Tracts, historical and philosophical, relative to . . . the election of Air. Leslie to the Professorship of Mathematics, 1806, Edin., 2 vols. 1813. [Fearn, John.] A review of the first principles of Bishop Berkeley, Dr. Reid, and Professor Stewart. Lond. Repr. in part in Pamphleteer, Lond., vol. 3 (1814), pp. 345-591817. Cousin, V. Esquisses de philosophic morale, par Dugald Stewart. In Journal des savans, Paris, pp. 3-12, 334-42, 413-8, 485-93 ; repr. in his Fragments philosophiques (pp. 115-63 of 4th ed., 1847). 1830. [Rosmini-Serbati, A.]. Osservazioni sui sistemi di Locke, Condillac, Reid e Stewart.








Vol. i of his Nuovo saggio, 1830, Rome, 4 vols. Engl, trans. 1883, Lond. Wainewright, Latham. A vindication of Dr. Paley’s theory of morals from the principal objections of Mr. Dugald Stewart . . . and Dr. Thomas Brown . . . Lond. 8vo. xxxvi, 204. [Alison, Wm. P.]. Corresp. between Academicus [Alison] and Consiliarius, on . . . the mental philos. of Reid and Stewart. Edin. 8vo. Pp- 37Slade, J. Colloquies. Imaginary conversations between a phrenologist and the shade of Dugald Stewart. Lond. 8vo. xxiii, 336. Jouffroy, T. Introduzione alia filosofia morale di Dugald Stewart . . . Tradotta da N. Tommaseo. Pp. 61. With separate t-p. at end of Elementi di filosofia by Salvatore Mancino, 1841, Florence, 2 vols. Italian trans. of J.’s intro, to his French trans. of Stewart’s “ Outlines ”. Knighton, Wm. Stewart’s remarks on the Aristotelian logic considered. Lect. 3 in his Utility of the Arist. logic, Calcutta.



Educ. St. Andrews. 1844 Minister of religion. of Divinity, St. Mary’s College, St. Andrews. D.N.B.

1854 Principal & Professor

1855. Theism. Edin. & Lond. 8vo. xv, 375. Burnett prize essay. 1866. Rationalism. In Contemp. Review, vol. 1, pp. 361-84. A review of Lecky’s History of. . . rationalism in Europe. 1872. Rational theology and Christian philosophy in England in the seventeenth century. Edin. & Lond. 2 vols. 8vo. 1874, 2nd ed., ibid., 2 vols. 1878. Pascal. Edin. & Lond. 8vo. [viii], 205. Repr. *1882, *1901. 1883. Immanuel Kant and the Kantian revival. Unsigned article in Edin. Review, vol. 157, pp. t-45Repr. in his “ Modern theories ...” 1884. 1884.. Modern theories in philosophy and religion. Edin. & Lond. 8vo.

xv, 444.




1885. Movements in religious thought century. Lond. 8vo. xi, 338.




1888. Oliphant, Mrs. M. O. A memoir of the life of John Tulloch, Edin. & Lond. 8vo. ix, 502. Portr. 1903. See Knight.



Educ. Edin. 1721-7 Regent, Marischal Coll., Aberdeen. Later clergyman of the Church of Ireland.

Teacher of Reid.

1723. Theses philosophies de scientiae naturalis cum philosophia morali conjunctione quas . . . publice propugnabunt in Collegio Novo . . . Georgius Turnbull praeses. Aberd. Sm. 4to. Pp. 8. 1726. Theses philosophicae de pulcherrima mundi cum materialis turn rationalis constitutione quas . . . sub praesidio Georgii Turnbull. . . propugnabunt. . . Aberd. Sm. 4to. Pp. 12. Among the students presented by Turnbull for graduation this year was Reid. 1740. The principles of moral philosophy. An enquiry into the wise and good government of the moral world . . . Lond. 2 vols. 8vo. xv, 419, [29] ; [x], 490, [34]. 1741. A methodical system of universal law ... by the celebrated Jo. Got. Heineccius . . . Translated, and illustrated with notes and supplements, by George Turnbull. Lond. 2 vols. 8vo. Appended by Turnbull—“ A discourse upon the nature and origin of moral and civil laws : in which they are deduced, by an analysis of the human mind in the experi¬ mental way, from our internal principles and dispositions.” This appendix has its own t-p., dated 1740. The whole repr. 1763, Lond., 2 vols., the t-p. of the appendix dated 1760. 1742. Observations upon liberal education, in all its branches . . . Lond. 8vo. xxv, 464. Jouffroy (Oeuvres de Thomas Reid, 1828-36, vol. 1) wrongly attributes to Turnbull Elements of moral philosophy in Robert Dodsley’s Preceptor, 1748. See Fordyce, 1748.






Educ. Edin. Univ. 1859 Assistant to Sir Wm. Hamilton. i860 Prof, of Logic, St. Andrews. 1864-94 Prof, of Logic & Rhetoric, Glasgow. D.N.B.

1850. Discourse on method ... By Descartes. Trans. . . . with an introduction. Edin. 12 mo. 1866, 3rd ed. ; 1873, 5th ed. 1853. The meditations, and selections from the principles of philosophy, of Descartes. Trans. . .. with preface, appendix, and notes. Edin. i2mo. 1873, new ed. The above two combined under title “ The method, meditations, and selections from the principles of Descartes trans . . . with a new introductory essay, historical and critical ”, 1879, Edin. & Lond. In this edition, designated the 6th, Veitch’s name appears for the first time. 1880, 7th ed. ; 1881, 8th ; 1887, 9th ; 1890, 10th ; 1897, nth ; and [1912], London (Everyman Library). 1858. Memoir of Dugald Stewart, with selections from his corres¬ pondence. Preface to Stewart’s Works, vol. 10 (which, with the suppl. vol. of i860, he saw through the press). 1859-60. See Hamilton, Lects. on meta. and logic. 1864. Speculative philosophy. An introductory lecture delivered at the opening of the class of logic and rhetoric, Nov. 1, 1864. Edin. & Lond. 8vo. Pp. 22. 1869. Memoir of Sir William Hamilton. Edin. & Lond. 8vo. x, 458. Rev. in London Quart. Review, vol. 33 (1869), pp. 1-32, and in Edin. Rev., vol. 131 (1870), pp. 193-221. 1875. Lucretius and the atomic theory. Glasg. 8vo. Pp. 93. 1877. Philosophy in the Scottish universities. In Mind (O.S.), vol. 2, pp. 74-91,_ 207-34. 1882. Hamilton. Edin. & Lond. 8vo. vi, 268. Repr. 1901. Rev. in Modern Review, Lond., vol. 4 (1883), pp. 400-4, by C. B. Upton. 1883. Sir William Hamilton. The man and his philosophy. Two lectures. Edin. & Lond. 8vo. Pp. 68. 1885. Institutes of logic. Edin. & Lond. 8vo. ix, 551. 1889. Knowing and being (Essays in philosophy. First Series). Edin. & Lond. 8vo. vi, 323.




1895. Dualism and monism (Essays in philos. Second series). Edin. & Lond. 8vo. xlii, 221. Ed., with an intro., “ Veitch’s position in philosophy ”, by R. M. Wenley. 1859. Testimonials bearing on the qualifications of John Veitch for the Chair of Logic in the Univ. of Aberdeen. Part II. Edin. Pp. 9. 1864. Testimonials in favour of John Veitch ... a candidate for the Chair of Logic and Rhetoric in the University of Glasgow. Edin. 8vo. Pp. 33. 1896. Bryce, Mary R. L. Memoir of John Veitch. Edin. & Lond. 8vo. vi, 197. Portr. 1897. Report of the proceedings at the unveiling of the Sandford and Veitch memorials in the University of Glasgow. Glasg. 8vo. Pp. 64. 1898. Report of the proceedings at the ceremony of handing over the fountain erected in Peebles in memory of John Veitch. Peebles. 8vo. Pp. 47. 1903. See Knight.

YOUNG, JOHN. tion.

Educ. Glasgow Univ.


1815 Prof, of Moral Philos., Belfast Academical Institu¬

1835. Lectures on intellectual philosophy, by the late John Young . . . With a memoir of the author. Ed. by Wm. Cairns. Glasgow. 8vo. xxxii, 512.





THE GIFFORD LECTURES The trust, administered by the four Scottish universities severally, was founded under the will of Adam Gifford (above p. 132), who assumed the title Lord Gifford when he was made a Lord of Session in 1870. The -will, which is dated Aug. 21, 1885, institutes the trust in the following terms : “ Having been for many years deeply and firmly convinced that the true knowledge of God . . . when really felt and acted on, is the means of man’s highest well-being, and the security of his upward progress, I have resolved, from the residue of my estate as aforesaid, to institute and found, in con¬ nection, if possible, with the Scottish universities, lectureships or classes for the promotion of the study of said subjects, and for the teaching and diffusion of sound views regarding them . . . The lecturers appointed shall be subjected to no test of any kind, and shall not be required to take any oath, or to emit or subscribe any declaration of belief, or to make any promise of any kind ; they may be of any denomination whatever, or of no denomination at all (and many earnest and highminded men prefer to belong to no ecclesiastical denomination) ; they may be of any religion or way of thinking, or as is sometimes said, they may be of no religion, or they may be so-called sceptics or agnostics or freethinkers, provided only that the patrons will use diligence to secure that they be able reverent men, true thinkers, sincere lovers of and earnest inquirers after truth ... I wish the lecturers to treat their subject as a strictly natural science, the greatest of all possible sciences, indeed, in one sense, the only science, that of Infinite Being, without reference to or reliance upon any supposed special or exceptional or so-called miraculous revelation . . . The lectures shall be public and popular, that is, open not only to the students of the universities, but to the whole community without matriculation, as I think that the subject should be studied and known by all.” For a contemporary notice of the bequest see Bain, 1887. The following is a complete list of the lecturers and of the lectures published. Aberdeen.

1889-91 1891-3 1896-8

Tylor, E. B. Fairbairn, A. M. Ward, Jas.

Not published. Not published. Naturalism and agnosticism. 1899.

2 vols.



1899- I9OO Royce, J. 1900- 2

Sayce, A. H.


Adam, Jas.


Driesch, Hans

1909-1 I


Ridgeway, W. Pringle-Pattison, A. Seth Sorley, W. R.


Webb, C. C. J.


1921-2 1924-6

The world and the individual. 2 vols. 1900-1. Religions of ancient Egypt and Baby¬ lonia. 1902.

The religious teachers of Greece.

1908. Science and philosophy of the organ¬ ism. 2 vols. 1908. Not published.

The idea of God.


Moral values and the idea of God.


God and personality, 1919. Divine personality and human life. 1920. Hobson, E. W. The domain of natural science. 1923. Mitchell, Sir Wm. The place of minds in the world.


Barnes, E. W. Gilson, Etienne


Ross, Sir W. D.

1936-8 1938-40

Barth, Karl Nock, A. D.



Edinburgh. 1889-90 Stirling, J. H. 1891-3 Stokes, G. G. 1894 Pfleiderer, O. 1894-6

Fraser, A. C.


Tiele, C. P.


James, Wm.


Gwatkin, H. M.

r933Scientific theory and religion.


L’esprit de la philosophic medievale. 1932, Paris (Engl, trans., “ The spirit of mediaeval philosophy ”, 1936, London). (? Foundations of Ethics, 1938 or


Philosophy and theology. 1890. Natural theology. 2 vols. 1891-3. Philosophy and development of re¬ ligion. 2 vols. 1894. The philosophy of theism. 2 vols. 1895-6. Elements of the science of religion. 2 vols. 1897-9. The varieties of religious experience. 1902. The knowledge of God and its his¬ torical development. 2 vols. 1906.




Laurie, S. S. Flint, Robt.


Fowler, W. W


Bosanquet, B.



Bergson, H. Ramsay, Sir Wm

1919 & 1921

Stout, G. F.



1924-5 1927-8 1927 1929 1931 1933 1935 I936-8 1938

Pringle-Pattison, A. Seth



Synthetica. 2 vols. 1906. (Owing to illness lectures not de¬ livered.) The religious experience of the Ro¬ man people. 1911. The principle of individuality and value, 1912. The value and des¬ tiny of the individual, 1913. Not published. Asianic elements in Greek civiliza¬ tion. 1927. Mind and matter. 1931. volume is to follow.)

(A second

The idea of immortality, 1922. Studies in the philosophy of religion, 1930. Frazer, Sir J. G. The worship of nature. 1926. Whitehead, A. N. Process and reality. 1929. Eddington,SirA. S The nature of the physical world. 1928. The quest for certainty. 1930. Dewey, John Soderblom, N. The living God. 1933Symbolism in religion. 1938. Bevan, Edwyn Not yet publ. Schweitzer, A. Sherrington Sir Chas. S. Niebuhr, R.

Glasgow. Max Muller, Fr. 1888-92

1892-3 & 1895-6

Caird, John


Wallace, Wm.

Natural religion, 1889. Physical religion, 1891. Anthropological religion, 1892. Theosophy or psychological religion, 1893. The fundamental ideas of Christian¬ ity. 2 vols. 1899. (Owing to illness, Caird could not finish the series until 1896.) Lectures and essays on natural the¬ ology and ethics. 1898.




Bruce, A. B.


Caird, E.

1903 1906 1910-12

Boutroux, Emile Bradley, A. C. Watson, John

I9X4 1916-8 1920-2 1922-3

Balfour, A. J. Alexander, S. Jones, Sir Hy. Balfour, A. J. Paterson, W. P. Haldane, J. S. Smith, J. A. Temple, Wm. Dixon, W. Macneile Hocking, W. E. Laird, J.

1924-5 1927-8 1928-9 1932-4 i935-6 1937-9 I939-4I


The providential order of the world, 1897. The moral order of the world, 1899. The evolution of theology in the Greek philosophers. 2 vols. 1904. Not published. Not published. The interpretation of religious ex¬ perience. 2 vols. 1912. Theism and humanism. 1915. Space, time and deity. 2 vols. 1920. A faith that enquires. 1922. Theism and thought. [1923]. The nature of religion. [1925]. The sciences and philosophy. [1929]. Not yet publ. Nature, man and God. 1934. The human situation.


St. Andrews.

1888-90 1890-2

Lang, Andrew Caird, E.

i893Religion in Greek literature. 1898. New tales of old Rome. [1901]. The pathway to reality. 2 vols. 1903-4. Ward, Jas. The realm of ends. 1911. Frazer, Sir J. G. Belief in immortality, vol. 1 only. 1913. The course 1912-3 not publ. Thomson, Sir J. A. System of animate nature. 2 vols. 1920. Inge, W. R. The philosophy of Plotinus. 2 vols. i9l8Farnell, L. R. Greek hero cults and ideas of immor¬ tality. 1921. Morgan, C. LI. Emergent evolution, 1923. Life, mind, and spirit, 1926.

1894-6 Campbell, Lewis 1899-1901 Lanciani, R. A. Haldane, R. B. 1902-4 1907-9 I911-3 I9I5-7 I9I7-9


The making of religion. 1898. The evolution of religion. 2 vols.

1924-5 1926-8

Farnell, L. R. Taylor, A. E.

The attributes of God. 1925. The faith of a moralist. 2


Gore, Chas.



Marett, R. R.


Henson, H. H.

1936-7 i937_6 1938-9

Jaeger, W. De Burgh, W. G. Bidez, J.


philosophy of the


vols. life.

^930Faith, hope, and charity in primitive religion, 1932. Sacraments of simple folk, 1933. Christian morality : natural, devel¬ oping, final. 1936. Not yet publ.

INDEX OF NAMES Names in italics are of writers of whom bibliographies are given in the section on Scottish Philosophy Abercrombie, J., 81 Adam, J., 186 Adams, F., 104 Adams, J., 141 Adams, W., 54 Adamson, R., 58 Agutter, W., 45 Aikins, H. A., 14 Albee, E., 59 Albert, F., 66 Alderson, B., 93 Alembert, J. le R. d’, 37, 38, 131 Alexander, B., 21 Alexander, P. P., 89 Alexander, S., 188 Alison, A., 81 f Alison, W. P., 106, 117 Allan, D. M., 60 Allen, J., 55 Allibone, S. A., 47 Ammon, G., 104 Anderson, G., 82f. Anderson, J. P., 89, 119, 173 Anderson, W., 83 Annand, M. R., 60 Appeldoorn, J. G., 69 Arbuckle, J., 143 Argyll, 8th Duke of, 8jf Art, G., 92 Arthur, A., 84. Asturaro, A., 70 Atkinson, R. H. M., 104 Bacon, Francis, 92, 155, 160, 176 Badcock, S., 95

Bagehot, W., 104, 173 Bailey, S., 157 Bain, A., 84-go, 168 Balfour, A. J. [Earl), go-4, 188 Balfour, James, g4 Balfour-Melville, B., 95 Balguy, J., 146 Ballantyne, J., gg Ballantyne, J. R., 177 Bannatyne, J., 127 Barker, E., 157 Barnes, E. W. (Bishop), 186 Barrett, A., 160 Barth, K., 186 Battier, W., 87 Bauch, B., 66 Baudrillart, H., 171 Baxter, Andrew, ggf. Baynes, T. S., gy Beattie, J., 26, g7-ioo Beattie, J. H., 99 Becker, T., 62 Beckett, Sir E., 58 Beesley, E. S., 93 Belot, Mme, 32, 33 Benso, M. G., 90 Bentham, Jeremy, 102, 119 Bergemann, P., 175 Bergerat, M., 49 Bergier, 122 Bergson, H., 187 Berguer, L. T., 101 Berkeley, G. (Bishop), 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 91, 124, 129, 130, 131, 152, 153, 166



Bevan, E., 187 Bewley, W., 96 Beynon, H., 48 Bianchi, I., 25 Bidez, J., 189 Bilharz, A., 66 Bisset, A., 51 Blach, S., 173 Black, J., 172 Black, J. B., 51 Blaikie, W. G., 116 Blair, H., 100-2, 114,122 Blavet, Abbe, 170 Bohme, A., 66 Boerma, N. W., 147 Bohn, W., 67 Bolin, W., 36 Bolingbroke, H. St.-J. (Viscount), 8, 25, 43, 83, 161 Bolton, M. P. W., 138, 139 Bonar, James, 52, 173, 175 Bonar, John, 82 Bonatelli, F., 90 Bormann, W., 143 Bosanquet, B., 187 Boswell, J., 26, 45, 49, 142 Boulmiers, J. A. J. de, 10 Bourdillat, F., 140 Boutroux, E., 79, 188 Bowdler, T., 160 Bowen, F., 137 Bower, A., 99 Bower, G. S., 158 Bowman, A. A., 167 Boyd, J. R., 141 Boyle, J. P., 106 Bradley, A. C., 188 Braham, E. G., 47 Brede, W., 63 Brett, G. S., 158 Broad, C. D., 60 Brodie, G., 50 Brougham, H. (Lord), 46, 102-4 Brown, John, 95, 127 Brown, Thos., 104-y, 136, 164, 166 Brown, W. L., ioyf.



Bruce, A. B., 188 Bruce, James, 77 Bruce, John, 108 Bryce, M. R. L., 184 Buchon, J. A., 179 Bucke, R. M., 88 Budde, G., 9 Biihler, K., 143 Buffier, C., 100 Buhle, J. G., 61 Bulliat, G., 59 Burke, Edmund, 170 Burnet, G., 144 Burnett, J. (Lord Monboddo), 26, iog, 141 Burton, J. H., 46, 127, 176 Butler, J. (Bishop), 12, 16, 115 Cain, J. A., 58 Caird, E., 91, 188 Caird, J., 59, 187 Cairnes, J. E., 168 Cairns, J., 124, 131 Cairns, W., iogf. Calderwood, H., 110-12 Calkins, M. W., 20 Campbell, A., 112/. Campbell, G., 113/. Campbell, G. D., see Argyll, Duke of Campbell, H., 51 Campbell, L., 188 Campenon, 33 Cannan, E., 173 Cantwell, 101 Carlile, W., 59 Carlini, A., 15, 70 Carlyle, Thos., 71 Carmichael, G., 114f. Carrau, L., 125 Carson, A., 106 Casazza, G., 70 Castillon, J. de, 114 Cazelles, E., 85, 139 Cecil, FI. M., 94 Chalmers, Thos., II5fChambers, R., 46, 77


Chaux, Mile de la, 11, 25, 26 Chesterfield, 4th Earl of, 44, 45 Chimenti, G., 92 Church, R. W., 61 Clarke, J., 146 Clarke, T. B., 52 Clayton, R., 54 Coleridge, S. T., 127 Collins, J. C., 49 Combe, Geo., n6f. Compayre, G., 68, 86 Condorcet, Mme de, 171 Constantin, 102 Cook, E. A., 65 Courtois, L. J., 49 Cousin, V., 78, 180 Coutts, J., 78 Craven, W., 56 Croker, J. W., 103 Croll, J., 118 Crombie, A., 118 Crybbace, T. T., 106 Cucheval-Clavigny, 68 Cumming, J., 115 Cunningham, W., 135 Daiches, S., 51 Daire, E., 26 Dale, T., 101 Dalrymple, Sir D., 40 Dandolo, G., 79 Dandolo, M., 25 Darwin, Chas, 87, 152 Darwin, Erasmus, 104 Dauriac, L., 167 David, M., 11 Davids, C. A. F. Rhys, 168 Davidson, W. L., 80, n8f., 168 Davuidov, E, 102 Dawson, B., 140 Day, H. N., 137 De Burgh, W. G., 189 Dehn, F., 67 Delatour, A., 173 De Morgan, A., 78, 84, 136 De Quincey, Thos., 56, 137, 156




Descates, R., 183 Despres, T. B. D., 33 Detmar, B., 66 Deuchar, R., 117,139 Dewar, D., 119 Dewey, J., 187 Dick, T., 120 Dickie, G., 151 Dickson, W. K., 48 Didier, J., 69 Dixon, W. Macneile, 188 Dobrzynska-Rybicka, L., 107 Dodsley, R., 121, 128 Doig, D., 142 Doodkorte, A. C., 69 Dorn, V., 122 Dorrien, D. L., 36 Douglas, Jas., 120 Doxsee, C. W., 60 Dreux du Radier, J. F., 18 Driesch, H., 186 Ducros, L., 69 Dudgeon, W., 120/. Dugdale, B. E. C., 93 Dulles, J. H., 154 Dumont, P., 116 Dunbar, J., 121 Duncan, J., 96 Duncan, J., 149 Duncan, W., 121 Eastwood, E. A., 93 Eckstein, W., 171 Eddington, Sir A. S., 187 Edwards, Jonathan, 142 Edwards, T., 139 Eidous, M.-A., 114, 127, 132, 146, 170 Eiselein, J., 101 Eisler, R., 21 Elkin, B. W., 58 Ellys, A., 54 Elphinstone, J., 142 Enfield, W., 109, 114, 132, 171 Erdmann, B., 63 Ernst, M., 92




Esdaile, J., 106 Espinas, A., 69 Faggi, A., 70 Fahrion, K., 66 Fairbairn, A. M., 93, 185 Falter, L., 64 Farnell, L. R., 188, 189 Farrer, J. A., 173 Fearn, J., 166 Fedeles, C., 82 Feigs, A., 65 Feilbogen, S., 52 Fenelon, 162 Ferguson, Adam, 121-3 Ferrier, J. F., 123-5, i67 Fichte, E H., 159 Fink, W. C., 137 Fleming, C., 95 Fleming, W., 125 Flexman, R., 28, 54 Flint, R., 125}'., 187 Foley, C. A., 169 Fontecha, A. A. R. F., 87 Forbes, Duncan, 126f. Forbes, M., 100 Forbes, Sir Wm., 99 Fordyce, D., 128 Formentin, 26 Formey, J. H. S., 10, 18 Forsyth, R., 128 Forti, U., 18, 37 Fowler, T., 147 Fowler, W. W., 187 Francis, G. H., 103 Francken, C. J. W., 69 Fraser, A., 58 Fraser, A. C., 78, 128-31, 186 Frazer, Sir J. G., 187, 188 Frost, J., 141 Fruit, J. P., 63 Fueter, E., 51 Galluppi, P., 69 Galion, Sir F., 88 Gamier, A., 166



Garratt, G. T., 104 Garve, C., 122, 132 Gatto, L. lo, 136 Gerard, A., 38, 131f Gerber, F., 65 Gerstenberg, H. W. von, 98 Gibbon, Chas., 117 Gibson, J. G., 130 Gifford, Adam (Lord), 89, 132, 185 Gillies, J., 109 Gilson, E., 186 Gizycki, G. von, 62 Goebel, H., 51 Goldstein, J., 51 Gordy, J. P., 63 Gore, C. (Bishop), 189 Gore, W. C., 59 Gorham, C. T., 20 Graham, H. G., 47, 77 Grant, Sir Alex., 77, 123 Gray, J. M., 174 Green, T. H., 8, 57, 91, 111 Greenwood, G. G., 59 Gregory, James, 133 Gregory, John, 133J Greig, J. Y. T., 47, 48 Griffiths, R., 39 Griggi, G. B., 21 Grimm, E., 63 Groos, K., 64 Grose, T. H., 8 Grote, G., 86, 87, 138, 168 Gwatkin, H. M., 186 Haldane, E. S., 124 Haldane, J. S., 188 Haldane, R. B. (Lord), 173, 188 Halevy, E., 158 Hamann, J. G., 42 Hamilton, E., 137 Hamilton, Sir Wm., 129, 134-40, 151 Hamilton, Wm., of Bangour, 169 Hanna, W., 115 Hapgood, N., 93 Harris, G., 104 Hasbach, W., 174, 175


Hasek, C. W., 175 Hasse, H., 64, 67 Hauffen, F., 158 Hay, J. B., 102 Hay tor, T., 55 Hedenius, I., 71 Hedvall, K., 71 . Hein, J., 66 Heineccius, J. G., 182 Hellstrom, C., 71 Helvetius, C. A., 27 Hendel, C. W., 9, 60 Hennings, A., 50 Henschen, W. A., 70 Henson, H. H. (Bishop), 189 Hettner, H., 79 Heydenreich, K. H., 82 Hill, G. B., 47 Hill, J., 102 Hirschfeld, E., 116 Hirst, F. W., 174 Hobart, R. E., 60 Hobson, E. W., 186 Hocking, W. E., 188 Holtzke, 51 Honigswald, R., 65 Hog, J., 113 Holbach, Baron von, 36 Holberg, O., 71 Holland, T., 104 Hollis, J., 56 Horne, Hy. (Lord Kames), 19, 52, 140-3, 164 Home, John, 34, 43 Home, Geo., 43, 44 Horsley, S., 109 Howard, A., 8 Howison, G. H., 58 Howitz, F. G., 68 Hudson, J. W., 59 Hume, David, 3IT., 161, 171, 172 Humphries, W. R., 165 Hunt, J., 57 Hunt, W., 51 Hunter, J., 113 Hunter, Wm., 98




Hurd, Rd. (Bishop), 29, 44, 54 Huret, 179, 180 Husserl, E., 64 Hutcheson, F., 12, 129, 143-7 Huth, H., 175 Hutton, Jas., 147, 172 Huxley, Thos. H., 57, 59, 93 Hyslop, J. H., 14 Inge, W. R., 188 Ingleby, C. M., 137 Inglis, J., 180 Innes, A., 112 Inquirer, 139 Irons, J. C., 118 Irving, D., 108 Irving, J., 77 Jackson, G. A., 104 Jackson, J., 96 Jacobi, F. H., 61 Jacobi, L. H., 14 Jaeger, W., 189 Jahn, F., 63 James, Wm., 186 Jameson, W., 147 Jamieson, A., 148 Jamieson, G., 148 Janet, P., 139 Jardine, G., 148/., 165 Jastrow, J., 173 Jeffrey, F. (Lord), 82, 100, 128, 156, 178, 179 Jennings, J. G., 90 Jentsch, K., 174 Jevons, W. S., 97, 140, 168 Jobert, A. C. G., 104, 137 Jodi, F., 61, 68 Joersson, S. A., 174 Joffe, A., 53 Johnson, Samuel, 26, 45, 98, 142, 169 Johnston, G. A., 80 Joncourt, de, 128 Jones, Sir Hy., 147, 188 Jones, J. H., 138



Jones, O. McK., 167 Jordan, T., 177 Joseph, M., 143 JoufTroy, T., 163, 178, 181, 182 Kahle, K. M., 61 Kames, Lord, see Home, Hy. Kaneko, O., 123 Kant, I., 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 105, 110, 129, 139, 154, 160, 167, 174, 181 Kappes, M., 167 Kayserling, H., 65 Kazanski, A. P., 140 Keith, G. S., 114 Keller, A., 64 Kellie, J., 131 Kennedy, C. J., 117 Kenrick, W. S., 39 Kenyon. Sir F. G., 93 Keynes, J. M., 14 Kippis, A., 50 Kirchmann, J. H. von, 21 Kinvan, R., 56 Kleiser, G., 101, 114 Klemme, M., 53 Knight, Win. A., 77, 80, iuof. Knighton. W., 166, 181 Konig, E.. 62 Konig, R., 92 Koerber, F., 90 Kottgen, E., 15 Kosegarten, L. T., 171 Kraus, C. J., 25 Kucera, E., 107 Kiihne, R., 62 Kuypers, M. S., 60 Laing, B. M., 41, 61 Laird, J., 61, 175, 188 Lamprecht, S. P., 60 Lanciani, R. A., 188 Lang, A., 188 Lange, S. G., 177 Langhorne, J., 161



Langlois, 33 Latimer, J. F., 62 Laurie, H., 80 Laurie, S. S., 187 Laviosa, G., 53 Le Blanc, Abbe, 24, 26 Lechartier, G., 53 Lecky, W. E. H., 110, 181 Leechman, J. 150 Leechman, W., 146 Lehmann, W. C., 123 Leland, J., 54, 108 Le Monnier, P. L., 85 Lemport, L., 63 Leroy, A., 69 Leser, E., 173 Leslie, J., 105, 155, 178 Levi, A., 70 Levy-Bruhl., L., 11, 49, 69 Lindsay, A. D., 14 Linke, P., 64 Lipps, T., 15 Lobb, S., 81 Lobbey, J. L., 94 Loch, J., 104 Locke, J., 65, 96, 129, 130, 131,

!53> !55> 166

Long, W. J., 64 Lovejoy, A., 65 Lowe, J., 177 Ludlam, T., 166 Liters, A., 64 Lushington, E. L., 123 Lyall, A., 56 Lynch, A., 90 Lyon, G., 69 Mabire, P. H., 163 Macaulay, T. B., 51, 157 Macchia, A., 90 McCormack, J., 20 M’Cosh, J., 78, 150-4. McCulloch, J. R., 24 Macdonald, K. S., 164 Mace, C. A., 61 M’Ewen, B., 41


M’Gilchrist, J., 104 McGilvary, E. B., 59 Mach, E., 53, 66 Mackenzie, Hy, 44 Mackenzie, J. S., 92 MacKenzie, W. L., 90 Mackie, A., 90 Mackintosh, J., 78 Mackintosh, Sir Jas., ir^[. Maclagan, D., 81 M’Laren, C. B. B., 140 Maclaurin, J. (Lord Dreghorn), 43 Macmillan, D., 126 Macpherson, H., 78 Macpherson, H. C., 174 M’Queen, D., 49 MacVicar, J. G., 156 Magnino, B., 70 Mahaffy, Sir J. P., 152 Mainzer, J., 62 Maitland, F. W., 91 Mallet, C., 99, 100 Mandeville, B., 112, 143 Mansel, H. L., 57, 137, 138, 139, 163 Manstein, General, 39 Marchena, J., 52 Marcus, E., 64 Marett, R. R., 189 Marion, H., 88 Martin, J. J., 65 Martin, T., 104 Martineau, Jas., 85, 93, 138, 150 Masaryk, T. G., 22, 67 Masson, D., 78 Mathus, 57 Maund, C., 61 Maupertuis, P. L. M. de, 25 Mauvillon, E. de, 24 Max Muller, F., 187 Mazzantini, C., 15, 21, 70 Meinardus, 64 Meinecke, F., 51 Meiners, 98 Meinhard, J. N., 141 Meinicke, M., 66




Meinong, A., 62 Melle, M. A. van, 69 Mellone, S. H., 126 Menary, G., 127 Merian, J. B., 10, 15, 18, 21, 61 Merk, J. H., 144 Merkel, G., 26 Merleker, M., 67 Metz, R., 23, 25, 47, 67 Meyer, E., 63 Meyer, J. Bona, 15 Michelis, E. de, 53 Mill, Jas., 86, 87, 88, 89, 119, I57f Mill, J. S., 50, 84, 85, 88, 89, no, 119> 129, 130, 138, 151, 157, 158, 168 Millar, J. H., 78 Miller, H., 60 Milner, J., 55 Minto, Wm., 158 Mirabeau, V. R., 52 Mirkin, L, 64 Mitchell, Sir W., 186 Mivart, St. G., 93 Monboddo, Lord, see Burnett, J. Monck, W. H. S., 137 Monro, A., 135 Montague, W. P., 59 Montanari, G. J., 102 Montesquieu, Baron de, 38, 131 Montigny, J.-C. T. de, 37 Moore, G. E., 59 More head, R., 158/. Mor ell, J. D., i^gf. Morgan, C. LI., 188 Moritz, K. P., 98 Morley, John, 88 Morris, C. R., 60 Morrow, G. R., 175, 176 Mossner, E. C., 41, 61 Mostyn, J., 94 Muller, F., 65 Munster, O., 68 Mullinger, J. B., 126 Munarriz, J. L., 102

i g8


Munro, R., 58 Murray, J. C., 140 Murray, T., 46 Napier, Sir J., 57 Napier, Macvey, 160 Nathansohn, C., 21 Nathansohn, H., 65 Nauen, F., 140 Neuhaus, K., 65 Neumann, W., 143 Nichols, J., 46 Nicholson, J. A., 94 Niebuhr, R., 187 Niedermiiller, F., 26 Nock, A. D., 186 Norden, J., 143 Norvell, Geo., 45 Ochoa, E. de, 33 O’Connor, H., 56 Ogilvie, J., 161 O’Halloran, S., 50 Ohlendorf, L., 65 Oliphant, M. O. W., 47, 116, 182 Oncken, A., 174 Ordax, A., 86 Orr, J., 58 Oswald, J., 161 Paley, Wm, 55, 56, 57, 85, 103, 104, 106 Palgrave, Sir F., 51 Paoli, A., 70 Papillon, F., 68 Parr, Samuel, 180 Paszkowski, W., 174 Paterson, W. P., 188 Paulsen, F., 42 Payne, G., 106 Pearson, K., 93 Peisse, L., 136, 177 Pelikan, F., 68 Perronet, V., 96 Peters, K., 167 Petrescu, N., 66



Petry, O., 32 Petzholtz, E., 63 Pey, A., 103 Pfleiderer, E., 61 Pfleiderer, O., 186 Phalen, A. K., 71 Philalethes, 55 Phileleutherus, 142 Pillon, F., 15, 68 Pinkuss, F., 79 Pirie, A., 142 Pistorius, H. A., 9 Platner, E., 42 Playfair, John, 105, 147, 155, 180 Pockels, C. F., 18 Pollock, Sir F., 92 Pompadour, Mme de, 32 Poret, H., 155 Porter, Noah, 57 Posen, E., 67 Pottle, F. A., 49 Powell, W. S., 55 Pradier-Fodere, P., 155 Pratt, S. J., 44, 45 Prehn, A., 64 Prevost, A.-F., 32 Provost, P., 101, 172, 177 Prezzolini, G., 21, 23 Price, L. M., 79 Price, Rd., 122, 129, 147 Priestley, Joseph, 55, 96, 100, 161, 166 Pringle-Pattison, A. S., 58, 79, 94, 112, 131, 186, 187 Puffendorf, S., 114 Quast, O., 64 Quenot, J. P., 101 Radakovic, K., 67 Rae, J., 174 Radler, G., 63 Raffel, F., 53 Raffel, J., 63 Rait, Sir R. S., 77 Raleigh, A., 132


Ramsay, A. M., i6if. Ramsay, Sir G., 162 Ramsay, J., 77 Ramsay, Sir Wm., 187 Rasmussen, S. V., 140 Rautenberg, C. G., 141, 170 Ravaisson, F., 136 Rayleigh, Lord, 94 Reid, Thos., 56, 106, 129, 133, 163-7, 177, 182 Reinhold, K. L., 21 Reininger, R., 64, 67 Remusat, C. de, 78, 138 Renauld-Kellenbach, E. von, 140 Renouvier, C., 15, 42 Resewitz, F. G., 36 Rethore, F., 106 Reverdil, E. S. P., 122 Rey, J., 94 Ribot, T., 158 Richardson, W., 84 Richter, P., 63 Richter, R., 21, 65 Rickaby, J., 59 Ridgeway, W., 186 Ritchie, T. E., 46 Ritter, C., 62 Ritter, M., 175 Robertson, G. C., 57, 62, 167-9 Robertson, J. M., 36 Robertson, Wm., 28, 38, 50, 51, 178 Robertson, W. B., 24 Robinet, J. B. R., 10 Rodder, P., 66 • Rose. Wm., 22, 23, 28, 33, 35, 38, 40, 49, 52, 53, 55, 82, 96, 97, 98, 99, 1 o 1, 108, 109, 113, 121, 122, 131, 132, 134, 140, 141, 146, 162, 164, 170 Rosenfeld, J., 66 Rosmini-Serbati, A., 166 Ross, Sir W. D., 186 Rotheram, J., 99, 108, 133 Rousseau, J.-J., 26, 35, 36, 37F, 48b Royce, J., 186 Royer-Collard, P., 80, 155, 163




Rubin, S., 64 Rudajew, M., 66 RufFhead, O., 29, 30, 141 Ruie, C., 59 Runze, M., 62 Rutherforth, T., 53 Sabine, G. H., 51 Saisset, 129 Salinger, R., 66 Salmon, C. V., 67 Sauer, F., 67 Sayce, A. H., 186 Schatz, A., 53 Schellwien, R., 63 Schiller, F. C. S., 59 Schimberg, A., 80 Schinz, A., 49 Schmid, C. A., 109 Schpett, G., 66 Schreiber, 122 Schreiter, K. G., 42, 101 Schubert, J., 174 Schulze, W. F., 61 Schweitzer, A., 187 Schwenninger, A., 65 Sciacca, M. F., 167 Scott, Hew, 77 Scott, R. E., 169 Scott, W., 116 Scott, W. R., 146, 174, 175 Segerstedt, T. T., 80 Seth, A., see Pringle-Pattison. Seth, J., 47, 80 Shaftesbury, 3rd Earl of, 65, 143, 147, 161, 162 Sharp, F. C., 60 Shearer, E. A., 60 Shepherd, Lady Mary, 106 Sherrington, Sir C. S., 187 Short, W. M., 90 Shute, R., 168 Sidgwick, Hy., 79, 87, 110 Simon, T. C., 69, 138, 139 Sjoholm, L. A., 70 Skarzynski, W. von, 174



Skola, J., 21, 22, 42 Slade, J., 181 Sloane, W. M., 154 Small, A. W., 175 Small, J., 122 Smellie, Wm., 45 Smith, Adam, 14, 39, 41, 43, 124, 131, 169-76 Smith, J., 124 Smith, J. A., 188 Smith, L., 158 Smith, N. K., 40, 41, 59, 60, 61, 67 Smith, Sydney, 85 Smith, S. S., 142 Smith, T. F., 57 Sneath, E. H., 164 Soave, F., 101 Soderblom, N., 187 Soehring, O., 20, 65 Somerville, J.,56 Sopper, A. J. de, 69 Sorley, W. R., 59, 89, 140, 186 Spalding, W., 176 Speckmann, A., 62 Spencer, H., 66, 85, 87, 88, 90, 94, in, 138, 152, 153 Spicker, G., 62 Sporschil, J., 103 Sraffa, P., 14 Standlin, C. F., 61 Stanley, P., 61 Stein, L., 65 Stephen, Sir J. FitzJ., 57 Stephen, Sir Leslie, 47, 78, 158, 168 Stewart, Agnes G., 133 Stewart, Arch., 18 Stewart, Dugald, 82, 129, 160, 166, 176-81 Stirling, j. H., 58, 130, 139. 186 Stokes, G. G., 186 Stona, T., 54 Stout, G. F., 149, 187 Strahan, Wm., 7, 35, 40, 41,47, 171 Strutt, R. (Lord Rayleigh), 94 Stuart, W., 47 Stuckenberg, J. H. W., 63



Suard, J. B. A., 37, 40 Sully, Jas., 87 Sulzer, J. G., 9 Sussnitzki, A. J., 36 Sussnitzki, J., 53 Tarantino, G., 70 Tarver, J. C., 103 Taylor, A. E., 60, 93, 189 Taylor, J., 147 Taylor, W. C., 56 Tegen, E., 71 Teisseire, M., 53 Temple, W. (Archbp.), 188 Tennemann, M. W. G., 21, 61 Theobald, R. M., 160 Thies, FI., 53 Thomas, R., 104 Thompson, J. P., 57 Thomsen, A., 36, 59, 68 Thomson, Sir J. A., 188 Thomson, T., 46, 77 Thormeyer, P., 66 Tiele, C. P., 186 Timologus, 138 Towers, J., 50 Toynbee, Paget, 47 Tucker, J., 24, 52 Tulloch, J., 125, i8if. Turdy, J., 68 Turnbull, G., 182 Turnbull, R., 136 Turton, T., 104 Tylor, E. B., 185 Tyndall, J., 152 Tytler, A. F. (Lord Woodhouselee), !34> '42 Tytler, Wm., 50 Uhl, J., 67 Ulrici, H., 138 Unger, R., 79 Upton, C. B., 183 Valchera, L., 70 Valentin, F., 33


Vaughan, T., 135 Veitch, John, 78, 183/. Vera, A., 125 Verax, J., 48 Viale, C., 36 Vico, G. B., 126 Villers, C., 105 Vince, S., 55 Vincent, G. G., 57 Viqueira, V., 15 Vogl, C., 21 Volbeda, S., 154 Volpe, G. della, 70 Voltaire, 38, 42, 48, 50, 51, 131 Waentig, H., 122 Wainewright, L., 106 Walcker, K., 173 Walker, J., 165 Wallace, R., 52 Wallace, T., 104 Wallace, Wm., 187 Wallenfels, W., 53 Walpole, Horace, 38, 48, 49 Walpole, Sir Robt., 16 Walz, E., 65, 66 Warburton, W. (Bishop), 29, 54 Ward, Jas., 89, 185, 188 Ward, John, 83, 127 Ward, W. G., 88, 139 Warren, H. C., 158 Watson, H. C., 117 Watson, John, 57, 91, 188 Webb, C. C.J., 93, 186 Webb, T. E., 58 Wegrich, A. D., 51




Welsh, D., 106 Wenley, R. M., 184 Wentscher, E., 67 Wesley, John, 45 Whateley, Rd. (Archbp.), 56, 129 Wheeler, J. M., 21 Whewell, W., 84, 155 Whitehead, A. N., 187 Whittaker, T., 168 Wight, O. W., 138 Wilkes, }., 96 Wilkie, W., 37 Wilson, G., 81 Wimpey, J., 96 Winckler, C., 23 Witherspoon, J., 154 Wittstein, T., 63 Wohlgemuth, J., 143 Wolf, A., 93 Woodbridge, F. J. E., 60 Woods, J. H., 107 Woodside, D., 112 Woynar, K., 64 Wright, G. N., 163, 177 Wiist, P., 15 Young, John, 138 Young, John, 184 Zart, G., 79 Zeyse, R., 174 Zimels, J., 65 Zimmermann, R., 63 Zurkuhlen, H., 66 Zwerschke, A., 62